Sample records for island effect study

  1. Nauru Island Effect Study

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire Solar541,9337, 2011 at 2:00 P.M. Next8,NatureNauru Island

  2. Nauru Island Effect Detection Data Set

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Long, Chuck

    During Nauru99 it was noted that the island was producing small clouds that advected over the ARM site. The Nauru Island Effect Study was run for 1.5 years and the methodology developed to detect the occurrence. Nauru ACRF downwelling SW, wind direction, and air temperature data are used, along with downwelling SW data from Licor radiometers located on the southern end of the island near the airport landing strip. A statistical analysis and comparison of data from the two locations is used to detect the likely occurrence of an island influence on the Nauru ACRF site data

  3. Community Redevelopment Case Study: Jekyll Island

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation—given at the April 2012 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting—features photos from a case study about Jekyll Island's community redevelopment project in Georgia.

  4. Aleutian Pribilof Islands Wind Energy Feasibility Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruce A. Wright

    2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Under this project, the Aleutian Pribilof Islands Association (APIA) conducted wind feasibility studies for Adak, False Pass, Nikolski, Sand Point and St. George. The DOE funds were also be used to continue APIA's role as project coordinator, to expand the communication network quality between all participants and with other wind interest groups in the state and to provide continued education and training opportunities for regional participants. This DOE project began 09/01/2005. We completed the economic and technical feasibility studies for Adak. These were funded by the Alaska Energy Authority. Both wind and hydro appear to be viable renewable energy options for Adak. In False Pass the wind resource is generally good but the site has high turbulence. This would require special care with turbine selection and operations. False Pass may be more suitable for a tidal project. APIA is funded to complete a False Pass tidal feasibility study in 2012. Nikolski has superb potential for wind power development with Class 7 wind power density, moderate wind shear, bi-directional winds and low turbulence. APIA secured nearly $1M from the United States Department of Agriculture Rural Utilities Service Assistance to Rural Communities with Extremely High Energy Costs to install a 65kW wind turbine. The measured average power density and wind speed at Sand Point measured at 20m (66ft), are 424 W/m2 and 6.7 m/s (14.9 mph) respectively. Two 500kW Vestas turbines were installed and when fully integrated in 2012 are expected to provide a cost effective and clean source of electricity, reduce overall diesel fuel consumption estimated at 130,000 gallons/year and decrease air emissions associated with the consumption of diesel fuel. St. George Island has a Class 7 wind resource, which is superior for wind power development. The current strategy, led by Alaska Energy Authority, is to upgrade the St. George electrical distribution system and power plant. Avian studies in Nikolski and Sand Point have allowed for proper wind turbine siting without killing birds, especially endangered species and bald eagles. APIA continues coordinating and looking for funding opportunities for regional renewable energy projects. An important goal for APIA has been, and will continue to be, to involve community members with renewable energy projects and energy conservation efforts.

  5. Resuspension studies in the Marshall Islands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shinn, J.H.; Homan, D.N.; Robison, W.L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contribution of inhalation exposure to the total dose for residents of the Marshall Islands was monitored at occasions of opportunity on several islands in the Bikini and Enewetak Atolls. To determine the long-term potential for inhalation exposure, and to understand the mechanisms of redistribution and personal exposure, additional investigations were undertaken on Bikini Island under modified and controlled conditions. Experiments were conducted to provide key parameters for the assessment of inhalation exposure from plutonium-contaminated dust aerosols: characterization of the contribution of plutonium in soil-borne aerosols as compared to sea spray and organic aerosols, determination of plutonium resuspension rates as measured by the meteorological flux-gradient method during extreme conditions of a bare-soil vs. a stabilized surface, determination of the approximate individual exposures to resuspended plutonium by traffic, and studies of exposures to individuals in different occupational environments simulated by personal air sampling of workers assigned to a variety of tasks. Enhancement factors (defined as ratios of the plutonium-activity), of suspended aerosols relative to the plutonium-activity of the soil were determined to be less than 1 (typically 0.4 to 0.7) in the undisturbed, vegetated areas, but greater than 1 (as high as 3) for the case studies of disturbed bare soil, roadside travel, and for occupational duties in fields and in and around houses. 12 refs., 5 figs., 8 tabs.

  6. ISLANDER

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    003251WKSTN00 Genomic Island Identification Software v 1.0  http://bioinformatics.sandia.gov/software 

  7. Kauai Island Utility Co-op (KIUC) PV integration study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ellis, Abraham; Mousseau, Tom (Knoxville, TN)

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report investigates the effects that increased distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation would have on the Kauai Island Utility Co-op (KIUC) system operating requirements. The study focused on determining reserve requirements needed to mitigate the impact of PV variability on system frequency, and the impact on operating costs. Scenarios of 5-MW, 10-MW, and 15-MW nameplate capacity of PV generation plants distributed across the Kauai Island were considered in this study. The analysis required synthesis of the PV solar resource data and modeling of the KIUC system inertia. Based on the results, some findings and conclusions could be drawn, including that the selection of units identified as marginal resources that are used for load following will change; PV penetration will displace energy generated by existing conventional units, thus reducing overall fuel consumption; PV penetration at any deployment level is not likely to reduce system peak load; and increasing PV penetration has little effect on load-following reserves. The study was performed by EnerNex under contract from Sandia National Laboratories with cooperation from KIUC.

  8. Kauai Island Utility Cooperative energy storage study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akhil, Abbas Ali; Yamane, Mike (Kauai Island Utility Cooperative, Lihu'e, HI); Murray, Aaron T.

    2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sandia National Laboratories performed an assessment of the benefits of energy storage for the Kauai Island Utility Cooperative. This report documents the methodology and results of this study from a generation and production-side benefits perspective only. The KIUC energy storage study focused on the economic impact of using energy storage to shave the system peak, which reduces generator run time and consequently reduces fuel and operation and maintenance (O&M) costs. It was determined that a 16-MWh energy storage system would suit KIUC's needs, taking into account the size of the 13 individual generation units in the KIUC system and a system peak of 78 MW. The analysis shows that an energy storage system substantially reduces the run time of Units D1, D2, D3, and D5 - the four smallest and oldest diesel generators at the Port Allen generating plant. The availability of stored energy also evens the diurnal variability of the remaining generation units during the off- and on-peak periods. However, the net economic benefit is insufficient to justify a load-leveling type of energy storage system at this time. While the presence of storage helps reduce the run time of the smaller and older units, the economic dispatch changes and the largest most efficient unit in the KIUC system, the 27.5-MW steam-injected combustion turbine at Kapaia, is run for extra hours to provide the recharge energy for the storage system. The economic benefits of the storage is significantly reduced because the charging energy for the storage is derived from the same fuel source as the peak generation source it displaces. This situation would be substantially different if there were a renewable energy source available to charge the storage. Especially, if there is a wind generation resource introduced in the KIUC system, there may be a potential of capturing the load-leveling benefits as well as using the storage to dampen the dynamic instability that the wind generation could introduce into the KIUC grid. General Electric is presently conducting such a study and results of this study will be available in the near future. Another study conducted by Electric Power Systems, Inc. (EPS) in May 2006 took a broader approach to determine the causes of KIUC system outages. This study concluded that energy storage with batteries will provide stability benefits and possibly eliminate the load shedding while also providing positive voltage control. Due to the lack of fuel diversity in the KIUC generation mix, SNL recommends that KIUC continue its efforts to quantify the dynamic benefits of storage. The value of the dynamic benefits, especially as an enabler of renewable generation such as wind energy, may be far greater than the production cost benefits alone. A combination of these benefits may provide KIUC sufficient positive economic and operational benefits to implement an energy storage project that will contribute to the overall enhancement of the KIUC system.

  9. Kinematic studies of transport across an island wake, with application to the Canary islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathias Sandulescu; Emilio Hernandez-Garcia; Cristobal Lopez; Ulrike Feudel

    2006-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Transport from nutrient-rich coastal upwellings is a key factor influencing biological activity in surrounding waters and even in the open ocean. The rich upwelling in the North-Western African coast is known to interact strongly with the wake of the Canary islands, giving rise to filaments and other mesoscale structures of increased productivity. Motivated by this scenario, we introduce a simplified two-dimensional kinematic flow describing the wake of an island in a stream, and study the conditions under which there is a net transport of substances across the wake. For small vorticity values in the wake, it acts as a barrier, but there is a transition when increasing vorticity so that for values appropriate to the Canary area, it entrains fluid and enhances cross-wake transport.

  10. Distributed Wind Case Study: Cross Island Farms, Wellesley Island, New York (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Installing a small wind turbine can sometimes be difficult due to economics, zoning issues, public perception, and other barriers. Persistence and innovation, however, can result in a successful installation. Dani Baker and David Belding own Cross Island Farms, a 102-acre certified organic farm on Wellesley Island in northern New York. In 2009, they took their interest in renewable energy to the next level by researching the logistics of a small wind installation on their land to make their farm even more sustainable. Their renewable energy system consists of one 10-kilowatt Bergey Excel wind turbine, a solar array, and a propane-powered generator. This case study describes funding for the project and the installation process.

  11. HEALTH EFFECTS OF THE NUCLEAR ACCIDENT AT THREE MILE ISLAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrikant, J.I.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commission on the Accident at Three Mile Island (Fabrikant,Commission on the Accident at Three Mile Island. (Fahrikant,Commission on the Accident at Three Mile Island. (Fabrikant,

  12. EFFECT OF ENCROACHMENT OF WANAPUM DAM RESERVOIR ON FISH PASSAGE OVER ROCK ISLAND DAM, COLUMBIA RIVER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EFFECT OF ENCROACHMENT OF WANAPUM DAM RESERVOIR ON FISH PASSAGE OVER ROCK ISLAND DAM, COLUMBIA the lower sections of the three fish ladders at Rock Island Dam, 61 km upstream from Wanapum Dam of the center and left-bank fish ladders of Rock Island Dam were rebuilt and a new sequence of spill patterns

  13. The effect of coating in increasing the critical size of islands on a compliant substrate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suo, Zhigang

    ,3,4 The critical size of the is- lands depends on materials of the substrate and the islands5,6 and variesThe effect of coating in increasing the critical size of islands on a compliant substrate Juil Yoon strains but the islands may debond if they exceed a critical size. The authors show that a thin layer

  14. Biogas Potential on Long Island, New York: A Quantification Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahajan, D.; Patel, S.; Tonjes, D.

    2011-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Biogas is the product of anaerobic digestion of waste, whether occurring spontaneously in landfills or under controlled conditions in digesters. Biogas is viewed as an important energy source in current efforts to reduce the use of fossil fuels and dependency on imported resources. Several studies on the assessment of biogas potential have been made at regional, national, and global scales. However, because it is not economically feasible to transport biogas feedstock over long distances, it is more appropriate to consider local waste sources for their potential to produce biogas. An assessment of the biogas potential on Long Island, based on the review of local landfills, wastewater treatment plants, solid waste generation and management, and agricultural waste, found that 234 x 10{sup 6} m{sup 3} of methane (CH{sub 4}) from biogas might be harvestable, although substantial barriers for complete exploitation exist. This number is equivalent to 2.52 TW-h of electricity, approximately 12% of fossil fuel power generation on Long Island. This work can serve as a template for other areas to rapidly create or approximate biogas potentials, especially for suburban U.S. locations that are not usually thought of as sources of renewable energy.

  15. SURFACE REMEDIATION IN THE ALEUTIAN ISLANDS: A CASE STUDY OF AMCHITKA ISLAND, ALASKA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giblin, M. O.; Stahl, D. C.; Bechtel, J. A.

    2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Amchitka Island, Alaska, was at one time an integral player in the nation's defense program. Located in the North Pacific Ocean in the Aleutian Island archipelago, the island was intermittently inhabited by several key government agencies, including the U.S. Army, the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (predecessor agency to the U.S. Department of Energy), and the U.S. Navy. Since 1993, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has conducted extensive investigations on Amchitka to determine the nature and extent of contamination resulting from historic nuclear testing. The uninhabited island was the site of three high-yield nuclear tests from 1965 to 1971. These test locations are now part of the DOE's National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Operations Office's Environmental Management Program. In the summer of 2001, the DOE launched a large-scale remediation effort on Amchitka to perform agreed-upon corrective actions to the surface of the island. Due to the lack of resources available on Amchitka and logistical difficulties with conducting work at such a remote location, the DOE partnered with the Navy and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) to share certain specified costs and resources. Attempting to negotiate the partnerships while organizing and implementing the surface remediation on Amchitka proved to be a challenging endeavor. The DOE was faced with unexpected changes in Navy and USACE scope of work, accelerations in schedules, and risks associated with construction costs at such a remote location. Unfavorable weather conditions also proved to be a constant factor, often slowing the progress of work. The Amchitka Island remediation project experience has allowed the DOE to gain valuable insights into how to anticipate and mitigate potential problems associated with future remediation projects. These lessons learned will help the DOE in conducting future work more efficiently, and can also serve as a guide for other agencies performing similar work.

  16. A Preliminary Study of the Marine Biota at Navassa Island, Caribbean Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Preliminary Study of the Marine Biota at Navassa Island, Caribbean Sea MARK GRACE, MELISSA.gov]. ABSTRACT--A preliminary study of reef fish and sharks was conducted at Navassa Island in the Caribbean Sea remote loca tion (southwest of the Windward Passage, Caribbean Sea) and lack of human habi tation. Reef

  17. Cost-Effectiveness of ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 for the State of Rhode Island

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hart, Philip R.; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Xie, YuLong; Zhang, Jian; Richman, Eric E.; Elliott, Douglas B.; Loper, Susan A.; Myer, Michael

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Moving to the ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-2010 version from the Base Code (90.1-2007) is cost-effective for all building types and climate zones in the State of Rhode Island.

  18. Identifying Cost-Effective Residential Energy Efficiency Opportunities for the Kauai Island Utility Cooperative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Busche, S.; Hockett, S.

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This analysis is an update to the 2005 Energy Efficiency Potential Study completed by KEMA for the Kauai Island Utility Cooperative (KIUC) and identifies potential energy efficiency opportunities in the residential sector on Kauai (KEMA 2005). The Total Resource Cost (TRC) test is used to determine which of the energy efficiency measures analyzed in the KEMA report are cost effective for KIUC to include in a residential energy efficiency program. This report finds that there remains potential energy efficiency savings that could be cost-effectively incentivized through a utility residential demand-side management program on Kauai if implemented in such a way that the program costs per measure are consistent with the current residential program costs.

  19. Ratchet Effect and the Transporting Islands in the Chaotic Sea Lei Wang,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Baowen

    Ratchet Effect and the Transporting Islands in the Chaotic Sea Lei Wang,1,2 Giuliano Benenti,3 dissipative system. We consider the generic case of mixed phase space and show that large ratchet currents can.1103/PhysRevLett.99.244101 PACS numbers: 05.45.Pq, 05.60.Cd The ratchet effect, that is, the possibility

  20. ARM - PI Product - Nauru Island Effect Detection Data Set

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadap Documentation TDMADAP : XDCnarrowbandheatProductsISDAC MicrophysicsProductsNauru Island

  1. Magnetic island evolution in hot ion plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ishizawa, A.; Nakajima, N. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292 (Japan); Waelbroeck, F. L.; Fitzpatrick, R.; Horton, W. [Institute for Fusion Studies, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

    2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Effects of finite ion temperature on magnetic island evolution are studied by means of numerical simulations of a reduced set of two-fluid equations which include ion as well as electron diamagnetism in slab geometry. The polarization current is found to be almost an order of magnitude larger in hot than in cold ion plasmas, due to the strong shear of ion velocity around the separatrix of the magnetic islands. As a function of the island width, the propagation speed decreases from the electron drift velocity (for islands thinner than the Larmor radius) to values close to the guiding-center velocity (for islands of order 10 times the Larmor radius). In the latter regime, the polarization current is destabilizing (i.e., it drives magnetic island growth). This is in contrast to cold ion plasmas, where the polarization current is generally found to have a healing effect on freely propagating magnetic island.

  2. Study and Development of Anti-Islanding Control for Synchronous Machine-Based Distributed Generators: November 2001--March 2004

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ye, Z.

    2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the study and development of new active anti-islanding control schemes for synchronous machine-based distributed generators, including engine generators and gas turbines.

  3. The Effect of the Galpagos Islands on ENSO in Forced Ocean and Hybrid Coupled Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karnauskas, Kristopher

    The Effect of the Galápagos Islands on ENSO in Forced Ocean and Hybrid Coupled Models KRISTOPHER B. KARNAUSKAS, RAGHU MURTUGUDDE, AND ANTONIO J. BUSALACCHI Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center perturbation. Mixed layer heat budget calculations implicate the entrainment mixing term, which confirms

  4. A Feasibility Study for Wind/Hybrid Power System Applications for New England Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    wind/hybrid systems. A feasibility study, carried out at the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory (RERLA Feasibility Study for Wind/Hybrid Power System Applications for New England Islands Gabriel Blanco, James F. Manwell, and Jon G. McGowan Renewable Energy Research Laboratory, University

  5. Melt Inclusion Study of the Embryonic Porphyry Copper System at White Island, New Zealand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bodnar, Robert J.

    the efficient extraction of copper from melt by the magmatic aqueous phase. Mineral phases, such as pyrrhotite 10 ka and, as such, is an ideal location to study early magmatic processes associated with formation minerals, suggesting a different P-T history compared to the other samples. Data obtained from White Island

  6. Bioremediation demonstration on Kwajalein Island: Site characterization and on-site biotreatability studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siegrist, R.L.; Korte, N.E.; Pickering, D.A. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Phelps, T.J. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States))

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An environmental study was conducted during February 1991 on Kwajalein Island, a US Army Kwajalein Atoll (USAKA) Base in the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI). This study was undertaken for the US Department of Energy (DOE) Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions Program (HAZWRAP) acting in behalf of USAKA. The purpose of the study was to determine if selected locations for new construction on Kwajalein Island were contaminated by petroleum hydrocarbons as suspected and, if so, whether bioremediation appeared to be a feasible technology for environmental restoration. Two different sites were evaluated: (1) the site planned freshwater production facility and (2) a site adjacent to an aboveground diesel fuel storage tank. Within the proposed construction zone for the freshwater production facility (a.k.a desalination plant), total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) where either absent or at low levels. Characterization data for another potential construction site adjacent to an aboveground diesel fuel storage tank southeast of the old diesel power plant revealed high concentrations of diesel fuel in the soil and groundwater beneath the site. Results of this investigation indicate that there are petroleum-contaminated soils on Kwajalein Island and bioremediation appears to be a viable environmental restoration technique. Further experimentation and field demonstration are required to determine the design and operating conditions that provide for optimum biodegradation and restoration of the petroleum-contaminated soils. 17 refs., 7 figs., 26 figs.

  7. Dendrochronology of Strain-Relaxed Islands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merdzhanova, T.; Kiravittaya, S.; Rastelli, A.; Stoffel, M.; Denker, U.; Schmidt, O.G. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany)

    2006-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the observation and study of tree-ring structures below dislocated SiGe islands (superdomes) grown on Si(001) substrates. Analogous to the study of tree rings (dendrochronology), these footprints enable us to gain unambiguous information on the growth and evolution of superdomes and their neighboring islands. The temperature dependence of the critical volume for dislocation introduction is measured and related to the composition of the islands. We show clearly that island coalescence is the dominant pathway towards dislocation nucleation at low temperatures, while at higher temperatures anomalous coarsening is effective and leads to the formation of a depletion region around superdomes.

  8. Afro-Caribbean pemphigus : epidemiological data from a 5-year prospective study on the island of Guadeloupe (French West Indies)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Afro-Caribbean pemphigus : epidemiological data from a 5-year prospective study on the island pemphigus in the Afro- Caribbean population. Objectives: To describe the epidemiology of autoimmune pemphigus on the island of Guadeloupe (French West Indies, 400736 inhabitants, mostly black Caribbean

  9. Environmental effects of dredging: Building, developing, and managing dredged material islands for bird habitat. Technical note

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Landin, M.C.

    1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This note describes the environmental considerations and techniques that have been developed and tested for building, developing, and managing dredged material islands for use by birds for nesting and other life requirements. The text of this note was taken from lectures presented from 1979 to 1986 at the Dredging Short Courses held each year by the Texas AM University Center for Dredging Studies and from information compiled for Engineer Manual EM 1110-2-5026 entitled `Beneficial Uses of Dredged Material.` One hundred years of dredging and open-water disposal operations by the Corps of Engineers (CE), state agencies, and private enterprise has resulted in the creation of over 2000 man-made islands throughout US coastal waters, riverine waterways, and the Great Lakes. The CE continues to maintain an interest in developing such islands because of its responsibility in using environmentally acceptable disposal methods and sites, the increasing shortage of upland disposal sites, the need for wildlife habitats in waterway areas, and the islands` recreational potential.

  10. Results of the Weeks Island Strategic Petroleum Reserve Oil Leak Risk Assessment Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Molecke, M.A.; Hinkebein, T.E.; Bauer, S.J.; Linn, J.K.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study evaluated multiple, long-term environmental oil-contamination risk scenarios that could result from the potential leakage of UP to 1.5 million barrels of crude oil entombed in the Weeks Island SPR mine following site decommissioning and abandonment, and up to 100 years thereafter. This risk assessment also provides continuity with similar risk evaluations performed earlier and documented in the 1995 DOE Environmental Assessment for Decommissioning the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Weeks Island Facility (EA). This current study was requested by the DOE to help them determine if their previous Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI), in the EA, is still valid or needs to be rescinded. Based on the calculated environmental risk results (in terms of clean-up and remediation expenses) presented in this risk assessment, including the calculated average likelihoods of oil release and potential oil-leakage volumes, none of the evaluated risk events would appear to satisfy the definition of significant environmental impact in National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) terminology. The DOE may combine these current results with their earlier evaluations and interpretations in the 1995 EA in order to assess whether the existing FONSI is still accurate, acceptable, and valid. However, from a risk evaluation standpoint, the assessment of impacts appears to be the same whether only 10,000 to 30,000 barrels of crude oil (as considered in the 1995 EA), or up to 1.5 million barrels of oil (as considered herein) are abandoned in the Weeks Island SPR facility.

  11. Effects of Hurricane Katrina on the Mammalian and Vegetative Communities of the Barrier Islands of Mississippi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scoggin, Annaliese K.

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The barrier islands of the gulf coast of the U.S. have been shaped and changed by hurricanes for centuries. These storms can alter the vegetation of the barrier islands by redistributing sediments, scouring off vegetation, physical damage...

  12. Titanium Silicide Islands on Atomically Clean Si(100): Identifying Single Electron Tunneling Effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph L. Tedesco; J. E. Rowe; Robert J. Nemanich

    2010-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Titanium silicide islands have been formed by the ultrahigh vacuum deposition of thin films of titanium (electron tunneling (SET) according to the orthodox model of SET. Some of the islands formed are small enough (diameter reliability of future devices.

  13. Arctic ice islands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sackinger, W.M.; Jeffries, M.O.; Lu, M.C.; Li, F.C.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of offshore oil and gas resources in the Arctic waters of Alaska requires offshore structures which successfully resist the lateral forces due to moving, drifting ice. Ice islands are floating, a tabular icebergs, up to 60 meters thick, of solid ice throughout their thickness. The ice islands are thus regarded as the strongest ice features in the Arctic; fixed offshore structures which can directly withstand the impact of ice islands are possible but in some locations may be so expensive as to make oilfield development uneconomic. The resolution of the ice island problem requires two research steps: (1) calculation of the probability of interaction between an ice island and an offshore structure in a given region; and (2) if the probability if sufficiently large, then the study of possible interactions between ice island and structure, to discover mitigative measures to deal with the moving ice island. The ice island research conducted during the 1983-1988 interval, which is summarized in this report, was concerned with the first step. Monte Carlo simulations of ice island generation and movement suggest that ice island lifetimes range from 0 to 70 years, and that 85% of the lifetimes are less then 35 years. The simulation shows a mean value of 18 ice islands present at any time in the Arctic Ocean, with a 90% probability of less than 30 ice islands. At this time, approximately 34 ice islands are known, from observations, to exist in the Arctic Ocean, not including the 10-meter thick class of ice islands. Return interval plots from the simulation show that coastal zones of the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas, already leased for oil development, have ice island recurrences of 10 to 100 years. This implies that the ice island hazard must be considered thoroughly, and appropriate safety measures adopted, when offshore oil production plans are formulated for the Alaskan Arctic offshore. 132 refs., 161 figs., 17 tabs.

  14. A seismic reflection profile study of lithospheric flexure in the vicinity of the Cape Verde Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watts, A. B. "Tony"

    ., 1994], Tuamotu [Ito et al., 1995], Canary Islands [Watts et al., 1997], La Re´union [Charvis et al Islands M. Y. Ali and A. B. Watts Department of Earth Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK I. Hill the stratigraphic ``architecture'' of the flexural moat that flanks the Cape Verde Islands. The moat region

  15. Near-surface gas mapping studies of salt geologic features at Weeks Island and other sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Molecke, M.A. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Carney, K.R.; Autin, W.J.; Overton, E.B. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Field sampling and rapid gas analysis techniques were used to survey near-surface soil gases for geotechnical diagnostic purposes at the Weeks Island Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) site and other salt dome locations in southern Louisiana. This report presents the complete data, results and interpretations obtained during 1995. Weeks Island 1994 gas survey results are also briefly summarized; this earlier study did not find a definitive correlation between sinkhole No. 1 and soil gases. During 1995, several hundred soil gas samples were obtained and analyzed in the field by gas chromatography, for profiling low concentrations and gas anomalies at ppm to percent levels. The target gases included hydrogen, methane, ethane and ethylene. To supplement the field data, additional gas samples were collected at various site locations for laboratory analysis of target gases at ppb levels. Gases in the near-surface soil originate predominantly from the oil, from petrogenic sources within the salt, or from surface microbial activity. Surveys were conducted across two Weeks Island sinkholes, several mapped anomalous zones in the salt, and over the SPR repository site and its perimeter. Samples were also taken at other south Louisiana salt dome locations for comparative purposes. Notable results from these studies are that elevated levels of hydrogen and methane (1) were positively associated with anomalous gassy or shear zones in the salt dome(s) and (2) are also associated with suspected salt fracture (dilatant) zones over the edges of the SPR repository. Significantly elevated areas of hydrogen, methane, plus some ethane, were found over anomalous shear zones in the salt, particularly in a location over high pressure gas pockets in the salt, identified in the mine prior to SPR operations. Limited stable isotope ratio analyses, SIRA, were also conducted and determined that methane samples were of petrogenic origin, not biogenic.

  16. Surface-supported Ag islands stabilized by a quantum size effect: Their interaction with small molecules relevant to ethylene epoxidation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shao, Dahai

    2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation focuses on how QSE-stabilized, surface-supported Ag nanoclusters will interact with ethylene or oxygen. Experiments are performed to determine whether the QSE-mediated Ag islands react differently toward adsorption of ethylene or oxygen, or whether the adsorption of these small molecules will affect the QSE-mediated stability of Ag islands. Studies of the interaction of oxygen with Ag/Si(111)-7×7 were previously reported, but these studies were performed at a low Ag coverage where 3D Ag islands were not formed. So the study of such a system at a higher Ag coverage will be a subject of this work. The interaction of ethylene with Ag/Si(111)-7×7, as well as the interaction of oxygen with Ag/NiAl(110) are also important parts of this study.

  17. Islands in the stream: The effect of plasma flow on tearing stability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    La Haye, R. J.; Buttery, R. J. [General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 (United States); Brennan, D. P. [University of Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma 74104 (United States); Gerhardt, S. P. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08540 (United States)

    2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Reducing plasma flow clearly decreases the stability of tearing modes in multiple regimes (sawtooth, hybrid) in both high- and low-aspect-ratio tokamaks (DIII-D [J. L. Luxon, Nucl. Fusion 42, 614 (2002)], Joint European Torus [M. Keilhacker and the JET Team, Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 41, 301 (1999)], National Spherical Torus Experiment [M. Ono, S. M. Kaye, Y.-K. M. Peng, Nucl. Fusion 40, 557 (2000)], each with distinct means of lessening rotation). Further, reducing flow makes pre-existing 'saturated' islands larger at the same beta (beta). Thus lower plasma flow impairs high-beta operation owing both to the destabilization and to the impact of tearing-mode islands. Experimental results suggest that flow shear (not flow) at the tearing rational surface is classically stabilizing, making the effective tearing stability index DELTA{sup '} of the total current density profile more negative (more stable). In this picture, with profiles and all else the same, the minimum metastable beta at which neoclassical tearing modes (NTMs) can destabilize is proportional to -DELTA{sup '} and hence lower flow and flow shear lead to possible destabilization (depending on seeding) at lower beta. Similarly, if destabilized, the saturated NTM island width is proportional to -beta/DELTA{sup '} and thus increases as flow and flow shear are reduced. A working model gives a significant level of stabilizing shear if the plasma toroidal angular flow shear -dOMEGA{sub p}hi/dr at a given rational surface is of order of the inverse of the product of the local values of the parallel magnetic shear length L{sub s} and the Alfven time tau{sub A}. Experimental data are fitted for the effect of this normalization of flow shear in a simple empirical model for both onset and saturation of tearing modes. Most theoretical literature is on the consequence of flow shear on tearing stability at zero beta; tokamaks at high beta have large magnetic Prandtl number (an issue for the sign of the flow effect) and very large Lundquist number. It is in this regime that theory will be compared with experimentally based empirical models. The consequence for future tokamaks with low rotation may be lower tearing stability than now expected.

  18. Examining the Impact of Spatial Development Patterns on Regional Heat Island Effect in Metropolitan Regions of the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Heeju

    2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The urban heat island effect is considered one of the main causes of global warming and is contributing to increasing temperatures in the urban United States. This phenomenon enhances the intensity of summer heat waves and the risk to public health...

  19. Analysis of the Potential for a Heat Island Effect in Large Solar Vasilis Fthenakis1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Analysis of the Potential for a Heat Island Effect in Large Solar Farms Vasilis Fthenakis1 flow fields induced by large solar PV farms to answer questions pertaining to potential impacts simulations of a 1 MW section of a solar farm in North America and compared the results with recorded wind

  20. Three-dimensional seismic study of structures and salt tectonics of Eugene Island Area offshore Louisiana, Gulf of Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiong, Ye

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Eugene Island OCS is one of the largest oil-producing areas in federally owned waters of the U.S. outer continental shelf. Fault development and salt tectonics are the most important structural features of the study area. The study is based...

  1. Detecting urbanization effects on surface and subsurface thermal environment --A case study of Osaka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Shaopeng

    of the human impacts on the subsurface thermal environment. The objective of this study is to analyze surface island effects Subsurface thermal environment 1. Introduction 20th century global warming is well

  2. Dissolved metal contamination in the East RiverLong Island sound system: potential biological effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnsen, Sönke

    in the United States. The ER­WLIS region receives treated sewage from 18 wastewater treatment plants in New YorkDissolved metal contamination in the East River­Long Island sound system: potential biological sewage, and to assess its possible biological impact on local waters. The East River­Long Island Sound

  3. Quantifying Vegetation Recovery on Santa Rosa Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rentschlar, Elizabeth

    2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The rate of recovery on barrier islands after hurricanes is not well understood, because the majority of studies have focused on the geomorphic impact of storms on barrier islands. Dune vegetation recovery is a vital component of barrier island...

  4. Preliminary Analysis of the Nauru Island Effect Study Data

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible forPortsmouth/Paducah ProjectPRE-AWARD ACCOUNTING SYSTEMMeso-ScalePPOSurface Radiationthe

  5. Identifying Cost-Effective Residential Energy Efficiency Opportunities for the Kauai Island Utility Cooperative

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This analysis is an update to the Energy Efficiency Potential report completed by KEMA for the Kauai Island Utility Cooperative (KIUC) and identifies potential energy efficiency opportunities in the residential sector on Kaua‘i (KEMA 2005).

  6. Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodford, D.

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides an independent review included an initial evaluation of the technical configuration and capital costs of establishing an undersea cable system and examining impacts to the existing electric transmission systems as a result of interconnecting the islands.

  7. Matching energy storage to small island electricity systems : a case study of the Azores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cross-Call, Daniel Frederick

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Island economies rely almost entirely on imported diesel and fuel oil to supply their energy needs, resulting in significant economic and environmental costs. In recognition of the benefits of clean energy development, ...

  8. Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS); Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodford, D.

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides an independent review including an initial evaluation of the technical configuration and capital costs of establishing an undersea cable system and examining impacts to the existing electric transmission systems as a result of interconnecting the islands

  9. Atomistic simulation study of misfit strain relaxation mechanisms in heteroepitaxial islands Avinash M. Dongare and Leonid V. Zhigilei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    . Stress distributions are analyzed for coherent and dislocated islands. Thermally-activated nucleation of small, tens of nm in size, clusters or islands. One of the methods of quantum dot generation is lattice by heteroepitaxial growth is sensitive to the stress distribution in and around the island. Moreover, when the island

  10. Effect of Island Overlap on ELM Suppression by Resonant Magnetic Perturbations in DIII-D

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fenstermacher, M E; Evans, T E; Osborne, T H; Schaffer, M J; Aldan, M P; deGrassie, J S; Gohil, P; Joseph, I; Moyer, R A; Snyder, P B; Groebner, R J; Jakubowski, M; Leonard, A W; Schmitz, O

    2007-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent DIII-D [J.L. Luxon, et al., Nucl. Fusion 43, 1813 (2003)] experiments show a correlation between the extent of overlap of magnetic islands induced in the edge plasma by perturbation coils and complete suppression of Type-I edge localized modes (ELMs) in plasmas with ITER-like electron pedestal collisionality {nu}*{sub e} {approx} 0.1, flux surface shape and low edge safety factor (q{sub 95} {approx} 3.6). With fixed n = 3 resonant magnetic perturbation (RMP) strength, ELM suppression is obtained only in a finite window in the edge safety factor (q{sub 95}) consistent with maximizing the resonant component of the applied helical field. ELM suppression is obtained over an increasing range of q{sub 95} by either increasing the n = 3 RMP strength, or by adding n = 1 perturbations to 'fill in' gaps between islands across the edge plasma. The suppression of Type-I ELMs correlates with a minimum width of the edge region having magnetic islands with Chirikov parameter >1.0, based on vacuum calculations of RMP mode components excluding the plasma response or rotational shielding. The fraction of vacuum magnetic field lines that are lost from the plasma, with connection length to the divertor targets comparable to an electron-ion collisional mean free path, increases throughout the island overlap region in the ELM suppressed case compared with the ELMing case.

  11. Study of nuclei in the vicinity of the "Island of Inversion" through fusion-evaporation reaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Chakrabarti; S. Mukhopadhyay Krishichayan; A. Chakraborty; A. Ghosh; S. Ray; S. S. Ghugre; A. K. Sinha; L. Chaturvedi; A. Y. Deo; I. Mazumdar; P. K. Joshi; R. Palit; Z. Naik; S. Kumar; N. Madhavan; R. P. Singh; S. Muralithar; B. K. Yogi; U. Garg

    2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the first observation of high-spin states in nuclei in the vicinity of the "island of inversion", populated via the 18O+18O fusion reaction at an incident beam energy of 34 MeV. The fusion reaction mechanism circumvents the limitations of non-equilibrated reactions used to populate these nuclei. Detailed spin-parity measurements in these difficult to populate nuclei have been possible from the observed coincidence anisotropy and the linear polarization measurements. The spectroscopy of 33,34P and 33S is presented in detail along with the results of calculations within the shell model framework.

  12. All I l d G id St d R lt i t tiAll Island Grid Study Results concerning system operation Peter Meibom, Ris DTU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Britain: · Eight aggregated power plant classes · Wind power production time series equal to Irish wind: Wind variability management studies · Impacts of renewable generation on All-Island power system · Stochastic input in the form of a scenario tree · Stochastic input: Wi d d ti f t (di t h)· Wind power

  13. A Study of Wind Energy Use for Space Heating in Prince Edward Island1 Larry Hughes, Mandeep Dhaliwal, Aaron Long, Nikita Sheth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    ERG/200605 A Study of Wind Energy Use for Space Heating in Prince Edward Island1 Larry Hughes, Mandeep Dhaliwal, Aaron Long, Nikita Sheth Energy Research Group Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Dalhousie University Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada 19 April 2006 1 This paper has been accepted

  14. Effects of macrofauna on acoustic backscatter from the seabed: Field manipulations in West Sound, Orcas Island,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jumars, Pete

    nuttali, from bait used as chum for fishes and crabs, and from tethered crabs (Cancer magister); other treatments showed no significant change. All of the effective treatments involved increased backscatter analysis and geoacoustic modeling suggest that failure of other treatments to show significant effects

  15. Using Cool Roofs to Reduce Energy Use, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, and Urban Heat-island Effects: Findings from an India Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akbari, Hashem; Xu, Tengfang; Taha, Haider; Wray, Craig; Sathaye, Jayant; Garg, Vishal; Tetali, Surekha; Babu, M. Hari; Reddy, K. Niranjan

    2011-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Cool roofs, cool pavements, and urban vegetation reduce energy use in buildings, lower local air pollutant concentrations, and decrease greenhouse gas emissions from urban areas. This report summarizes the results of a detailed monitoring project in India and related simulations of meteorology and air quality in three developing countries. The field results quantified direct energy savings from installation of cool roofs on individual commercial buildings. The measured annual energy savings potential from roof-whitening of previously black roofs ranged from 20-22 kWh/m2 of roof area, corresponding to an air-conditioning energy use reduction of 14-26% in commercial buildings. The study estimated that typical annual savings of 13-14 kWh/m2 of roof area could be achieved by applying white coating to uncoated concrete roofs on commercial buildings in the Metropolitan Hyderabad region, corresponding to cooling energy savings of 10-19%. With the assumption of an annual increase of 100,000 square meters of new roof construction for the next 10 years in the Metropolitan Hyderabad region, the annual cooling energy savings due to whitening concrete roof would be 13-14 GWh of electricity in year ten alone, with cumulative 10-year cooling energy savings of 73-79 GWh for the region. The estimated savings for the entire country would be at least 10 times the savings in Hyderabad, i.e., more than 730-790 GWh. We estimated that annual direct CO2 reduction associated with reduced energy use would be 11-12 kg CO2/m2 of flat concrete roof area whitened, and the cumulative 10-year CO2 reduction would be approximately 0.60-0.65 million tons in India. With the price of electricity estimated at seven Rupees per kWh, the annual electricity savings on air-conditioning would be approximately 93-101 Rupees per m2 of roof. This would translate into annual national savings of approximately one billion Rupees in year ten, and cumulative 10-year savings of over five billion Rupees for cooling energy in India. Meteorological simulations in this study indicated that a reduction of 2C in air temperature in the Hyderabad area would be likely if a combination of increased surface albedo and vegetative cover are used as urban heat-island control strategies. In addition, air-temperature reductions on the order of 2.5-3.5C could be achieved if moderate and aggressive heat-island mitigation measures are adopted, respectively. A large-scale deployment of mitigation measures can bring additional indirect benefit to the urban area. For example, cooling outside air can improve the efficiency of cooling systems, reduce smog and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and indirectly reduce pollution from power plants - all improving environmental health quality. This study has demonstrated the effectiveness of cool-roof technology as one of the urban heat-island control strategies for the Indian industrial and scientific communities and has provided an estimate of the national energy savings potential of cool roofs in India. These outcomes can be used for developing cool-roof building standards and related policies in India. Additional field studies, built upon the successes and lessons learned from this project, may be helpful to further confirm the scale of potential energy savings from the application of cooler roofs in various regions of India. In the future, a more rigorous meteorological simulation using urbanized (meso-urban) meteorological models should be conducted, which may produce a more accurate estimate of the air-temperature reductions for the entire urban area.

  16. Siting of dredged material islands in bays and estuaries along low-energy coastlines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mathewson, C.C.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bays, estuaries, and lagoons along low-energy coastlines are protected shallow water environments, which make them suitable sites for intracoastal transportation routes. Dredging operations often construct disposal islands, which are cost effective and provide protected sites for shore birds. Channel maintenance is often required because sediments are transported from the island to the channel. Studies of dredge material island changes along the Texas coast have shown that the reworking and transport of island sediments is influenced by a number of geologic, geotechnical, biological, and climatic factors. Significant factors are: wind; waves; tides, both astronomic and wind generated; currents produced by wind, fluvial, and tidal processes; physical characteristics of the dredged material; climate, including both prevailing and storm conditions; basin physiography, island design, shape, height, and location within the basin; biology, both flora and fauna; and the activities of man, ship wake, subsidence, etc. Selection of the most effective island location can be based on a process model that incorporates a recognition of the influence and interaction of the physical factors that erode and transport island sediments and those that stabilize the island. This model can be applied early in the site selection process with corresponding improvements in the design and permitting of the dredging program.

  17. Controls of Magnetic Islands by Pellet Injection in Tokamaks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shaing, K. C. [University of Wisconsin; Houlberg, Wayne A [ORNL; Peng, Yueng Kay Martin [ORNL

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The appearance of magnetic islands in tokamaks degrades plasma confinement. It is therefore important to control or eliminate the growth of the islands to improve the performance of a tokamak. A theory is developed to control magnetic islands using the localized pressure gradient driven bootstrap current by injecting pellets at the O-point of the island to create a peaked plasma pressure profile inside the island. This localized bootstrap current replenishes the missing equilibrium bootstrap current density that causes the island to grow in the first place. It is shown that the effect of the localized bootstrap current tends to reduce or eliminate the original drive for the growth of the island in the island evolution equation. The theory is also valid for the localized bootstrap current created by localized heating, but with much less effectiveness. A possibility of eliminating the island by controlling the equilibrium profiles is also discussed.

  18. Control of magnetic islands by pellet injection in tokamaks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shaing, K. C. [University of Wisconsin; Rome, James A [ORNL; Peng, Yueng Kay Martin [ORNL

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The appearance of magnetic islands in tokamaks degrades plasma confinement. It is therefore important to control or eliminate the growth of the islands to improve the performance of a tokamak. A theory is developed to control magnetic islands using the localized pressure gradient driven bootstrap current by injecting pellets at the O-point of the island to create a peaked plasma pressure profile inside the island. This localized bootstrap current replenishes the missing equilibrium bootstrap current density that causes the island to grow in the first place. It is shown that the effect of the localized bootstrap current tends to reduce or eliminate the original drive for the growth of the island in the island evolution equation. The theory is also valid for the localized bootstrap current created by localized heating, but with much less effectiveness. A possibility of eliminating the island by controlling the equilibrium profiles is also discussed. (c) 2007 American Institute of Physics.

  19. Control of magnetic islands by pellet injection in tokamaks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shaing, K. C.; Houlberg, W. A.; Peng, M. [Engineering Physics Department, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Fusion Energy Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)

    2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The appearance of magnetic islands in tokamaks degrades plasma confinement. It is therefore important to control or eliminate the growth of the islands to improve the performance of a tokamak. A theory is developed to control magnetic islands using the localized pressure gradient driven bootstrap current by injecting pellets at the O-point of the island to create a peaked plasma pressure profile inside the island. This localized bootstrap current replenishes the missing equilibrium bootstrap current density that causes the island to grow in the first place. It is shown that the effect of the localized bootstrap current tends to reduce or eliminate the original drive for the growth of the island in the island evolution equation. The theory is also valid for the localized bootstrap current created by localized heating, but with much less effectiveness. A possibility of eliminating the island by controlling the equilibrium profiles is also discussed.

  20. Offshore Wind Turbines - Estimated Noise from Offshore Wind Turbine, Monhegan Island, Maine: Environmental Effects of Offshore Wind Energy Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aker, Pamela M.; Jones, Anthony M.; Copping, Andrea E.

    2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Deep C Wind, a consortium headed by the University of Maine will test the first U.S. offshore wind platforms in 2012. In advance of final siting and permitting of the test turbines off Monhegan Island, residents of the island off Maine require reassurance that the noise levels from the test turbines will not disturb them. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, at the request of the University of Maine, and with the support of the U.S. Department of Energy Wind Program, modeled the acoustic output of the planned test turbines.

  1. Island Energy Snapshots

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    These energy snapshots highlight the energy landscape of islands in the Caribbean and the surrounding area.

  2. The effects of parasitism on feeding preferences and litter decomposition rates of amphipods in the Plum Island Estuary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallino, Joseph J.

    that the behavior is not related to a greater energy demand. Amphipods parasitized by trematodes have been found-dominated systems, and are home to a variety of detritivores. Amphipods parasitized by trematodes are readily. Fertilization did not affect feeding preference. Key Words: parasite; amphipod; Plum Island; Spartina; behavior

  3. Pathogenicity island mobility and gene content.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, Kelly Porter

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Key goals towards national biosecurity include methods for analyzing pathogens, predicting their emergence, and developing countermeasures. These goals are served by studying bacterial genes that promote pathogenicity and the pathogenicity islands that mobilize them. Cyberinfrastructure promoting an island database advances this field and enables deeper bioinformatic analysis that may identify novel pathogenicity genes. New automated methods and rich visualizations were developed for identifying pathogenicity islands, based on the principle that islands occur sporadically among closely related strains. The chromosomally-ordered pan-genome organizes all genes from a clade of strains; gaps in this visualization indicate islands, and decorations of the gene matrix facilitate exploration of island gene functions. A %E2%80%9Clearned phyloblocks%E2%80%9D method was developed for automated island identification, that trains on the phylogenetic patterns of islands identified by other methods. Learned phyloblocks better defined termini of previously identified islands in multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC BAA-2146, and found its only antibiotic resistance island.

  4. Engineering Study for a Full Scale Demonstration of Steam Reforming Black Liquor Gasification at Georgia-Pacific's Mill in Big Island, Virginia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert De Carrera; Mike Ohl

    2002-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Georgia-Pacific Corporation performed an engineering study to determine the feasibility of installing a full-scale demonstration project of steam reforming black liquor chemical recovery at Georgia-Pacific's mill in Big Island, Virginia. The technology considered was the Pulse Enhanced Steam Reforming technology that was developed and patented by Manufacturing and Technology Conversion, International (MTCI) and is currently licensed to StoneChem, Inc., for use in North America. Pilot studies of steam reforming have been carried out on a 25-ton per day reformer at Inland Container's Ontario, California mill and on a 50-ton per day unit at Weyerhaeuser's New Bern, North Carolina mill.

  5. Effects of grazing incidence conditions on the x-ray diffuse scattering from self-assembled nanoscale islands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schmidbauer, M.; Grigoriev, D.; Hanke, M.; Schaefer, P.; Wiebach, T.; Koehler, R. [Institut fuer Physik, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Newtonstrasse 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany)

    2005-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Grazing incidence small-angle x-ray scattering and grazing incidence x-ray diffraction from SiGe nanoscale islands grown on Si(001) substrate were investigated. Experiments and corresponding theoretical simulations based on the distorted-wave Born approximation were carried out. The strain field inside and in the vicinity of the SiGe islands was calculated in the framework of linear elasticity theory using the numerical finite element method. The diffuse intensity pattern in reciprocal space reveals a well-resolved fine structure with prominent maxima and a complicated fringe pattern. The distribution of diffuse intensity in reciprocal space strongly depends on the angle of incidence with respect to the sample surface. The results obtained substantiate the important role of basically five (grazing incidence small-angle x-ray) and nine (grazing incidence diffraction) scattering channels that have to be considered for a complete understanding of the scattering scenario. A refined island model concerning shape, size, and Ge composition was elaborated.

  6. ORIGINAL PAPER Bird pollination of Canary Island endemic plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chittka, Lars

    ORIGINAL PAPER Bird pollination of Canary Island endemic plants Jeff Ollerton & Louise Cranmer) was an effective pollinator of these species. Keywords Bird vision . Canary Islands . Mutualism . Pollinator. Tenerife Introduction The endemic flora of the Canary Islands, situated off the west coast of North Africa

  7. The Biogeography of Globally Threatened Seabirds and Island Conservation Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spatz, Dena R.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Phoenix Islands Huksan Do Persian Gulf Persian Gulf MaltaMaltaIslands Malta Islands Malta Islands Malta Islands Malta

  8. How Do Variations in Heat Islands in Space and Time Influence HoHow Do Variations in Heat Islands in Space and Time Influence Household Water Use?usehold Water Use? Rimjhim Aggarwal1, Subhrajit Guhathakurta1,2, Susanne Grossman-Clarke1, and Vasudha Lathey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    to estimate the relation between heat islands and water consumption, after adjusting for the effect consumption has remained stable over these years. To use panel data techniques to control for the unobserved consumption in Phoenix. RESULTS The heat island has expanded spatially over the study period, and also

  9. Photoluminescence line width of self-assembled Ge(Si) islands arranged between strained Si layers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shaleev, M. V., E-mail: shaleev@ipm.sci-nnov.ru; Novikov, A. V.; Baydakova, N. A.; Yablonskiy, A. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation); Kuznetsov, O. A. [Nizhny Novgorod State University, Physico-Technical Research Institute (Russian Federation); Lobanov, D. N.; Krasilnik, Z. F. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation)

    2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of variations in the strained Si layer thicknesses, measurement temperature, and optical excitation power on the width of the photoluminescence line produced by self-assembled Ge(Si) nanoislands, which are grown on relaxed SiGe/Si(001) buffer layers and arranged between strained Si layers, is studied. It is shown that the width of the photoluminescence line related to the Ge(Si) islands can be decreased or increased by varying the thickness of strained Si layers lying above and under the islands. A decrease in the width of the photoluminescence line of the Ge(Si) islands to widths comparable with the width of the photoluminescence line of quantum dot (QD) structures based on direct-gap InAs/GaAs semiconductors is attained with consideration of diffusive smearing of the strained Si layer lying above the islands.

  10. ORIGINAL PAPER The diet of feral cats on islands: a review and a call for more

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zavaleta, Erika

    Santa Cruz de La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain M. Nogales Island Ecology and Evolution Research Group (IPNA-CSIC), Astrofi´sico Francisco Sa´nchez 3, 38206 La Laguna Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain BORIGINAL PAPER The diet of feral cats on islands: a review and a call for more studies E. Bonnaud

  11. CAYMAN ISLANDS National Biodiversity Action Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Exeter, University of

    down to us by those who went before, the natural wealth and beauty which is ours. John F. Kennedy environment for the Cayman Islands. CH2M Hill "Study on the Provision of Construction Aggregate and Fill

  12. Geotechnical studies associated with decommissioning the strategic petroleum reserve facility at Weeks Island, Louisiana: A case history

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, S.J.; Ehgartner, B.L.; Neal, J.T. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Underground Storage Technology

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first sinkhole at the Weeks Island Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) site was initially observed in May 1992. Concurrent with the increasing dissolution of salt over the mined oil storage area below, it has gradually enlarged and deepened. Beginning in 1994 and continuing to the present, the injection of saturated brine directly into the sinkhole throat some 76 m beneath the ground surface essentially arrested further dissolution, providing time to make adequate preparation for the safe and orderly transfer of crude oil to other storage facilities. This mitigation measure marked the first time that such a control procedure has been used in salt mining; previously all control has been achieved by either in-mine or from-surface grouting. A second and much smaller sinkhole was noticed in early 1995 on an opposite edge of the SPR mine, but with a very similar geological and mine mechanics setting. Both sinkholes occur where the edges of upper 152 m and lower 213 m mined storage levels are nearly vertically aligned. Such coincidence maximizes the tensional stress development, leading to fracturing in the salt. This cracking takes 20 or more years to develop. The cracks then become flow paths for brine incursion, which after time progress into the mined openings. Undersaturated ground water gradually enlarges the cracks in salt through dissolution, leading to eventual collapse of the overlying sand to form sinkholes. Other geologic conditions may also be secondary factors in controlling both mining extent and sinkhole location.

  13. Tree-based delimitation of morphologically ambiguous taxa: A study of the lizard malaria parasites on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahler, D. Luke

    on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola q Bryan G. Falk a, , D. Luke Mahler b , Susan L. Perkins a a Richard Gilder from the Caribbean island of Hispaniola. All six infect lizards in the genus Anolis, but only two Hispaniola. Fifty-five of these lizards were infected with Plasmodium spp., representing several new host

  14. Comparison of Secondary Islands in Collisional Reconnection to Hall Reconnection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shepherd, L. S.; Cassak, P. A. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, 26506 (United States)

    2010-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Large-scale resistive Hall-magnetohydrodynamic simulations of the transition from Sweet-Parker (collisional) to Hall (collisionless) magnetic reconnection are presented; the first to separate secondary islands from collisionless effects. Three main results are described. There exists a regime with secondary islands but without collisionless effects, and the reconnection rate is faster than Sweet-Parker, but significantly slower than Hall reconnection. This implies that secondary islands do not cause the fastest reconnection rates. The onset of Hall reconnection ejects secondary islands from the vicinity of the X line, implying that energy is released more rapidly during Hall reconnection. Coronal applications are discussed.

  15. Mechanistic studies using kinetic isotope effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schulmeier, Brian E.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding reaction mechanisms is an important aspect of chemistry. A now convenient way to study reaction mechanisms is kinetic isotope effects at natural abundance. This technique circumvents the cumbersome methods of traditional isotope effect...

  16. Interconnection Guidelines (Rhode Island)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Rhode Island enacted legislation (HB 6222) in June 2011 to standardize the application process for the interconnection of customer-sited renewable-energy systems to the state’s distribution grid....

  17. Forestry Policies (Rhode Island)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Rhode Island's forests cover over half of the state's land area, and are managed by the Department of Environmental Management, Division of Forest Environment. The State issued its "Forest...

  18. The effect of cattle grazing on the abundance and distribution of selected macroinvertebrates in west Galveston Island salt marshes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jennifer Lynn

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of cattle grazing on the abundance and distribution of vegetation, burrowing crabs (Uca rapax, Uca pugnax, and Sesarma cinereum), marsh periwinkles (Littoraria irrorata), horn snails (Cerithidea pliculosa), and salt marsh snails (Melampus...

  19. Sandia National Laboratories: studying hydrogen's effects on...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    studying hydrogen's effects on materials and engines Linde, Sandia Partnership Looks to Expand Hydrogen Fueling Network On February 26, 2015, in Center for Infrastructure Research...

  20. A validated methodology for the prediction of heating and cooling energy demand for buildings within the Urban Heat Island: Case-study of London

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolokotroni, Maria; Bhuiyan, Saiful [Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering and Design, Brunel University, Uxbridge (United Kingdom); Davies, Michael; Croxford, Ben; Mavrogianni, Anna [The Bartlett School of Graduate Studies, University College London (United Kingdom)

    2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a method for predicting air temperatures within the Urban Heat Island at discreet locations based on input data from one meteorological station for the time the prediction is required and historic measured air temperatures within the city. It uses London as a case-study to describe the method and its applications. The prediction model is based on Artificial Neural Network (ANN) modelling and it is termed the London Site Specific Air Temperature (LSSAT) predictor. The temporal and spatial validity of the model was tested using data measured 8 years later from the original dataset; it was found that site specific hourly air temperature prediction provides acceptable accuracy and improves considerably for average monthly values. It thus is a very reliable tool for use as part of the process of predicting heating and cooling loads for urban buildings. This is illustrated by the computation of Heating Degree Days (HDD) and Cooling Degree Hours (CDH) for a West-East Transect within London. The described method could be used for any city for which historic hourly air temperatures are available for a number of locations; for example air pollution measuring sites, common in many cities, typically measure air temperature on an hourly basis. (author)

  1. The Rhode Island state house--the competition (1890-1892)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Hilary A. (Hilary Ann)

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a study of the design competition for the new State House in Providence, Rhode Island, which began in 1890 and ended in 1892. The competition was supervised by the Rhode Island State House Commission, a body formed ...

  2. A new golden era in island biogeography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez-Palacios, Jose Maria; Kueffer, Christoph; Drake, Donald

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Insular woodiness on the Canary Islands: a remarkable caseevery five days in the Canary Islands (Martín Esquivel et

  3. PSEG Long Island- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Although PSEG Long Island’s net metering policy is not governed by the State’s net metering law, the provisions are similar to the State law. Net metering is available for residential, non-reside...

  4. Long Island Solar Farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anders, R.

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Long Island Solar Farm (LISF) is a remarkable success story, whereby very different interest groups found a way to capitalize on unusual circumstances to develop a mutually beneficial source of renewable energy. The uniqueness of the circumstances that were necessary to develop the Long Island Solar Farm make it very difficult to replicate. The project is, however, an unparalleled resource for solar energy research, which will greatly inform large-scale PV solar development in the East. Lastly, the LISF is a superb model for the process by which the project developed and the innovation and leadership shown by the different players.

  5. GREEN HOMES LONG ISLAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    energy bill, reduce your carbon footprint... at little or no cost to you. #12;A Message From Supervisor energy-efficient and reduce our community's carbon footprint. Why do we call it Long Island Green Homes to yourevery day. By making basic improvements to yourevery day home, you can reduce your carbon footprint

  6. FEEDING ORIENTED MOVEMENTS OF THE ATHERINID FISH PRANESUS PINGUIS AT MAJURO ATOLL, MARSHALL ISLANDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FEEDING ORIENTED MOVEMENTS OF THE ATHERINID FISH PRANESUS PINGUIS AT MAJURO ATOLL, MARSHALL ISLANDS was studied in the lagoon at Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands, during March 1972. During the day, individuals' 06' oe' 10' 12' 14' 16' Ie' 20' 22' 24' FIGURE I.-Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands, showing Arniel

  7. Divergence times and colonization of the Canary Islands by Gallotia lizards Siobhan C. Cox a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Richard

    Divergence times and colonization of the Canary Islands by Gallotia lizards Siobhan C. Cox t The Canary Islands have become a model region for evolutionary studies. We obtained 1.8 Kbp of mtDNA sequence programs, possibly due to different priors on diver- gence times. The most eastern Canary Islands first

  8. Author's personal copy Divergence times and colonization of the Canary Islands by Gallotia lizards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carranza, Salvador

    Author's personal copy Divergence times and colonization of the Canary Islands by Gallotia lizards Volcanism a b s t r a c t The Canary Islands have become a model region for evolutionary studies. We eastern Canary Islands first emerged just over 20 mya and their colonization appears to have taken place

  9. Journal of Biogeography (1992)I9,383-390 Habitat distribution of canary chaffinchesamong islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrascal, Luis M.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of Biogeography (1992)I9,383-390 Habitat distribution of canary chaffinchesamong islands studied for the Canary Islands (Tenerife and El Hierro). The Common Chaffinch was significantly denser time. Key words. Canary Islands, Chaffinches (Fringilla spp.), habitat preferences, competitive

  10. TWP Island Cloud Trail Studies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructureProposedPAGE Creating a Geologic5/15/2013May 7, 2014Pacific

  11. The use of remotely sensed data as a tool in urban heat island investigations: An overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orvis, K.H.; Akbari, H. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Remotely sensed data contribute an important tool to areawide, cost-effective studies of urban heat island phenomena. This paper provides an overview of its use dating from the first satellite thermal images of urban heat signatures in the early 1970`s, and briefly examines the range of previous uses of remotely sensed data in urban studies, including identification and analysis of heat island effects, modeling of energy budgets, attempts to analyze and classify the urban landscape, and temporal analyses. The intent is not to provide an exhaustive review but rather to describe research trends and patterns. In addition the paper lists an compares those sensing devices that have seen significant use in urban studies and briefly discusses potential strengths and weaknesses of remotely sensed data for use in urban analyses. Three annotated bibliographies, divided by subject, are included. 95 refs.

  12. Culturing revolution : the local Communists of China's Hainan Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, Jeremy Andrew

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One: Deserted Treasure Island……………………………………………….13 ChapterChapter One Deserted Treasure Island: The Social Ecology andIsolated Island/Treasure Island – Gudao / Baodao Social and

  13. Rhode Island Stormwater Design and Installation Standards Manual (Rhode Island)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Rhode Island's stormwater design and installation standards manual has been developed to describe mandatory and suggested stormwater design and performance criteria for applicants to the Department...

  14. Distribution and Ratios of 137Cs and K in Control and K-treated Coconut Trees at Bikini Island where Nuclear Test Fallout Occurred: Effects and Implications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robison, W L; Brown, P H; Stone, E L; Hamilton, T F; Conrado, C L; Kehl, S R

    2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Coconut trees growing on atolls of the Bikini Islands are on the margin of K deficiency because the concentration of exchangeable K in coral soil is very low ranging from only 20 to 80 mg kg{sup -1}. When provided with additional K, coconut trees absorb large quantities of K and this uptake of K significantly alters the patterns of distribution of {sup 137}Cs within the plant. Following a single K fertilization event, mean total K in trunks of K-treated trees is 5.6 times greater than in trunks of control trees. In contrast, {sup 137}Cs concentration in trunks of K-treated and control trees is statistically the same while {sup 137}Cs is significantly lower in edible fruits of K treated trees. Within one year after fertilization (one rainy season), K concentration in soil is back to naturally, low concentrations, however, the tissue concentrations of K in treated trees stays very high internally in the trees for years while {sup 137}Cs concentration in treated trees remains very low in all tree compartments except for the trunk. Potassium fertilization did not change soil Cs availability. Mass balance calculations suggest that the fertilization event increased above ground plant K content by at least a factor of 5 or 2.2 kg. Potassium concentrations and content were higher in all organs of K fertilized trees with the greatest increases seen in organs that receive a portion of tissue K through xylem transport (trunk, fronds and fruit husks) and lowest in organs supplied predominantly with K via the phloem (palm heart, spathe, coco meat and fluid). {sup 137}Cesium concentrations and contents were dramatically lower in all organs of K treated trees with greatest proportional reductions observed in organs supplied predominantly with K via the phloem (palm heart, spathe, coco meat and fluid). All trees remobilize both K and {sup 137}Cs from fronds as they proceed toward senescence. In control trees the reduction in concentration of K and {sup 137}Cs in fronds as they age is logarithmic but K remobilization is linear in K-treated trees where K concentration is high. As a result of K treatment the {sup 137}Cs concentration in K-treated fronds is extremely low and constant with frond age. Fronds of K treated trees contain a greater amount of K than control tree fronds. As they fall to the ground and decay they provide a small continuing pool of K that is about 3% of the natural K in soil under the tree canopy. Results of K and {sup 137}Cs concentration and distribution in control and K-treated coconut trees suggest that the application of K reduces {sup 137}Cs uptake both in the short term immediately following K fertilization and in the long term, after soil K levels have returned to normal but while plant K stores remain high. These results suggests that high internal K concentration and not high soil K is primarily responsible for long-term reduction of {sup 137}Cs in edible fruits, and plays a significant role in limiting further uptake of {sup 137}Cs by roots, and affects allocation of {sup 137}Cs to edible fruits for years. Coconut trees are capable of luxury K accumulation when provided with excess K and in this example the additional K can effectively provide the K requirements of the plant for in excess of 10 years. The reduction of {sup 137}Cs uptake lasts for at least 10 y after K is last applied and greatly reduces the estimated radiation dose to people consuming local tree foods. Effectiveness and duration of K treatment provides important assurances that reduction in {sup 137}Cs is long term and the radiation dose from consuming local plant foods will remain low.

  15. WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island June 1, 2003 ­ August 31, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

  16. WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island December 1, 2003 ­ February 29, 2004 Prepared for Massachusetts.................................................................................................................... 11 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 11 Wind Speed Distribution

  17. WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island March 1, 2003 ­ May 31, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distributions

  18. WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island September 1, 2003 ­ November 30, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

  19. WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island March 1, 2004 ­ May 31, 2004 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

  20. WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island June 1, 2004 ­ August 31, 2004 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

  1. Minnesota Nuclear Profile - Prairie Island

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Prairie Island" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date"...

  2. WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island December 1, 2004 ­ February 28, 2005 Prepared for Massachusetts.................................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Distribution

  3. WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island September 1, 2004 ­ November 30, 2004 Prepared for Massachusetts.................................................................................................................... 11 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 11 Wind Speed Distribution.............

  4. WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island March 1, 2005 ­ May 31, 2005 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology.................................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 10 Wind Speed Distribution

  5. Indium Growth and Island Height Control on Si Submonolayer Phases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Jizhou

    2009-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanotechnology refers any technique that involves about object with nanoscale (10{sup -9} m) or even smaller. It has become more and more important in recently years and has changed our world dramatically. Most of modern electronic devices today should thanks to the miniaturizing driven by development of nanotechnology. Recent years, more and more governments are investing huge amount of money in research related to nanotechnology. There are two major reasons that nanostructure is so fascinate. The first one is the miniaturizing. It is obvious that if we can make products smaller without losing the features, we can save the cost and increase the performance dramatically. For an example, the first computer in the world, ENIAC, which occupied several rooms, is less powerful than the cheapest calculator today. Today's chips with sizes of less than half an inch contain millions of basic units. All these should thank to the development of nanotechnology. The other reason is that when we come to nanoscale, there are many new effects due to the quantum effect which can't be found in large systems. For an example, quantum dots (QDs) are systems which sizes are below 1{micro}m(10{sup -6}m) and restricted in three dimensions. There are many interesting quantum effects in QDs, including discrete energy levels, and interdot coupling. Due to these properties and their small sizes, QDs have varies potential applications such as quantum computing, probe, light emitting device, solar cells, and laser. To meet the requirement of the nanoelectrical applications, the QDs must be grown highly uniformly because their property is highly dependent on their sizes. The major methods to grow uniform QDs include epitaxial, and lithograph. Lithography is a process to make patterns on a thin film by selectively removing certain parts of the film. Using this method, people have good control over size, location and spacing of QDs. For an example, the Extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) have a wave length of 13.4nm so it can curve on the surface of an sample to make structure as small as the order of 10nm. however, lithograph usually causes permanent damages to the surface and in many cases the QDs are damaged during the lithograph and therefore result in high percentage of defects. Quantum size effect has attracted more and more interests in surface science due to many of its effects. One of its effects is the height preference in film growing and the resulting possibility of uniformly sized self-assemble nanostructure. The experiment of Pb islands on In 4x1 phase shows that both the height and the width can be controlled by proper growth conditions, which expands the growth dimensions from 1 to 2. This discover leads us to study the In/Pb interface. In Ch.3, we found that the Pb islands growing on In 4x1-Si(111) surface which have uniform height due to QSE and uniform width due to the constriction of In 4x1 lattice have unexpected stability. These islands are stable in even RT, unlike usual nanostructures on Pb/Si surface which are stable only at low temperature. Since similar structures are usually grown at low temperature, this discovery makes the grown structures closer to technological applications. It also shows the unusual of In/Pb interface. Then we studied the In islands grown on Pb-{alpha}-{radical}3x{radical}3-Si(111) phase in Ch.4. These islands have fcc structure in the first few layers, and then convert to bct structure. The In fcc islands have sharp height preference due to QSE like Pb islands. However, the preferred height is different (7 layer for Pb on Si 7x7 and 4 layer for Pb on In 4x1), due to the difference of interface. The In islands structure prefers to be bct than fcc with coverage increase. It is quantitatively supported by first-principle calculation. Unexpectedly, the In islands grown on various of In interfaces didn't show QSE effects and phase transition from fcc and bct structures as on the Pb-{alpha} interface (Ch.6). In g(s) curve there is no clear oscillations in the g(s) curve as the In on Pb-{alpha} phase. This

  6. Numerical modeling of tsunami waves generated by the flank collapse of the Cumbre Vieja Volcano (La Palma, Canary Islands)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, James T.

    Palma, Canary Islands): Tsunami source and near field effects S. M. Abadie,1 J. C. Harris,2 S. T. Grilli of the Cumbre Vieja Volcano (CVV; La Palma, Canary Island, Spain) through numerical simulations performed in two of such wave trains on La Palma and other Canary Islands are assessed in detail in the paper. Citation: Abadie

  7. Structure of Mesozoic oceanic crust in the vicinity of the Cape Verde Islands from seismic reflection profiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watts, A. B. "Tony"

    . (1997) and Collier et al. (1998) in the `GRID' study area SW of the Canary islands, placed some 2 have been reported in the `OCEAN' study area between the Canary and Cape Verde islands by McBride et alStructure of Mesozoic oceanic crust in the vicinity of the Cape Verde Islands from seismic

  8. Winter study of power plant effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patrinos, A.A.N.

    1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a part of DOE's Meteorological Effects of Thermal Energy Releases (METER) program a field study was undertaken at the Bowen Electric Generating Plant (Plant Bowen) in December 1979. The study was a joint endeavor of Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories (PNL), Pennsylvania State University (PSU), and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) with the main objective of determining the effects of the plant's smokestack effluents on aerosol characteristics and precipitation chemistry. Other objectives included studies of cooling tower temperature and humidity (T/h) plumes and drift drop concentrations. Conducted over a period of three weeks, the study involved an instrumented aircraft, pilot balloons, a tethered balloon system, a dense network of wetfall chemistry collectors and numerous ground- and tower-based meteorological instruments. Rainfall samples collected during the precipitation event of December 13, 1979, revealed some evidence of plume washout. The tethered balloon flights rarely detected the faint presence of the T/h plumes while the airborne measurements program concentrated on the study of SO/sub 2/ to sulfate conversion. A series of plume observations confirmed the suitability of the plant's windset for plume direction determinations.

  9. Small-Scale Solar Grants (Rhode Island)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Rhode Island Economic Development Corporation (RIEDC) provides incentives for renewable-energy projects. Incentive programs are funded by the Rhode Island Renewable Energy Fund (RIREF) and...

  10. Energy Transition Initiative: Islands Playbook (Book) | OSTI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Energy Transition Initiative: Islands Playbook (Book) Re-direct Destination: The Island Energy Playbook (the Playbook) provides an action-oriented guide to successfully initiating,...

  11. The Theory of Island Biogeography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    The Theory of Island Biogeography Robert H. MacArthur and Edward O. Wilson The young biologists" dominated by the collection of data. In The Theory of Island Biogeography they set out to change that by devel- oping a general mathema- tical theory that would make sense of a key ecological problem

  12. Quantitative analysis of forest island pattern in selected Ohio landscapes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowen, G.W.; Burgess, R.L.

    1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to quantitatively describe the various aspects of regional distribution patterns of forest islands and relate those patterns to other landscape features. Several maps showing the forest cover of various counties in Ohio were selected as representative examples of forest patterns to be quantified. Ten thousand hectare study areas (landscapes) were delineated on each map. A total of 15 landscapes representing a wide variety of forest island patterns was chosen. Data were converted into a series of continuous variables which contained information pertinent to the sizes, shape, numbers, and spacing of woodlots within a landscape. The continuous variables were used in a factor analysis to describe the variation among landscapes in terms of forest island pattern. The results showed that forest island patterns are related to topography and other environmental features correlated with topography.

  13. Fish assemblages on coral reefs in Guanaja, Bay Islands, Honduras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahendran, Christopher Kandiah

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    FISH ASSEMBLAGES ON CORAL REEFS IN GUANAJA, BAY ISLANDS, HONDURAS A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER KANDIAH MAHENDRAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1999 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences FISH ASSEMBLAGES ON CORAL REEFS IN GUANAJA, BAY ISLANDS, HONDURAS A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER KANDIAH MAHENDRAN Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

  14. Suggested guidelines for anti-islanding screening.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ellis, Abraham; Ropp, Michael

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As increasing numbers of photovoltaic (PV) systems are connected to utility systems, distribution engineers are becoming increasingly concerned about the risk of formation of unintentional islands. Utilities desire to keep their systems secure, while not imposing unreasonable burdens on users wishing to connect PV. However, utility experience with these systems is still relatively sparse, so distribution engineers often are uncertain as to when additional protective measures, such as direct transfer trip, are needed to avoid unintentional island formation. In the absence of such certainty, utilities must err on the side of caution, which in some cases may lead to the unnecessary requirement of additional protection. The purpose of this document is to provide distribution engineers and decision makers with guidance on when additional measures or additional study may be prudent, and also on certain cases in which utilities may allow PV installations to proceed without additional study because the risk of an unintentional island is extremely low. The goal is to reduce the number of cases of unnecessary application of additional protection, while giving utilities a basis on which to request additional study in cases where it is warranted.

  15. Comparative analysis of radiation effects on the electroluminescence of Si and SiGe/Si(001) heterostructures with self-assembled Islands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krasilnik, Z. F.; Kudryavtsev, K. E. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation); Kachemtsev, A. N. [Sedakov Scientific-Research Institute (Russian Federation); Lobanov, D. N., E-mail: dima@ipm.sci-nnov.ru; Novikov, A. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation); Obolenskiy, S. V. [Nizhni Novgorod State University (Russian Federation); Shengurov, D. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation)

    2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of neutron radiation on the electroluminescence of the Si p-i-n diode containing a multilayered Ge/Si heterostructure with self-assembled nanoislands is studied. In comparison with bulk Si, the diodes containing Ge(Si) nanoislands exhibit a higher radiation hardness of the electroluminescence signal, which is attributed to spatial localization of charge carriers in the Ge/Si nanostructures. The spatial localization of charge carriers impedes their diffusion to radiation defects followed by nonradiative recombination at the defects. The results show the possibilities of using Ge/Si heterostructures with self-assembled nanoislands for the development of optoelectronic devices resistant to radiation.

  16. A Study of SSI Effects Incorporating Seismic Wave Incoherence...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    A Study of SSI Effects Incorporating Seismic Wave Incoherence within the DOE Complex A Study of SSI Effects Incorporating Seismic Wave Incoherence within the DOE Complex A Study of...

  17. Island Political Economy Geoff Bertram & Bernard Poirine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    323 Chapter 10 Island Political Economy Geoff Bertram & Bernard Poirine Introduction In this chapter we build on the observation that island economies, and especially small ones (population below one of development strategies. Common elements of "islandness" may serve to define island economies as a general

  18. Long Island Solar Farm Project Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    Long Island Solar Farm #12;Project Overview The Long Island Solar Farm (LISF) is a 32-megawatt. Project Developer/Owner/Operator: Long Island Solar Farm, LLC (BP Solar & MetLife) Purchaser of Power and construct arrays ~ 2 years of output (88,000 MWh equivalent) Long Island Solar Farm #12;Other Pollutants

  19. The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the Republic of the Marshall Islands MarshallIslands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Queensland, University of

    The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the Republic of the Marshall Islands 387 MarshallIslands The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the Republic of the Marshall Islands Maria Beger1 , Dean Jacobson22 (1,940,000 mi2 ), the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) is comprised of 1,225 islands

  20. EIS-0006: Wind Turbine Generator System, Block Island, Rhode Island

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy prepared this EIS to evaluate the environmental impacts of installing and operating a large experimental wind turbine, designated the MOD-OA, which is proposed to be installed on a knoll in Rhode Island's New Meadow Hill Swamp, integrated with the adjacent Block Island Power Company power plant and operated to supply electricity to the existing utility network.

  1. No Company Is An Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maddox, A.

    No company is an island. Utilities and their industrial customers are discovering that collaboration can breed opportunity while isolation can lead to ruin. Inter company relationships have changed over recent years and HL&P and its customers...

  2. Pacific Islands Region News Release

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pacific Islands Region News Release Contact: Wende Goo FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE 808-721-4098 May 27 of these unique twins by contributing more than 100 hours of work to construct a holding pen for the young seal

  3. Climate Action Plan (Rhode Island)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In the fall of 2001, the Department of Environmental Management (DEM), the RI State Energy Office (SEO), and the Governor's office convened the Rhode Island Greenhouse Gas Stakeholder Project in...

  4. The Long Island Solar Farm

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In November 2011, a utility-scale solar array became operational in the most unlikely of places: at Brookhaven National Laboratory on densely populated Long Island, New York. Now the largest...

  5. Electrochemical Studies of Packed Iron Powder Electrodes: Effects...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Packed Iron Powder Electrodes: Effects of Common Constituents of Natural Waters on Corrosion Electrochemical Studies of Packed Iron Powder Electrodes: Effects of Common...

  6. Individual Radiation Protection Monitoring in the Marshall Islands: Enewetak Atoll (2002-2004)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton, T F; Kehl, S; Hickman, D; Brown, T; Marchetti, A A; Martinelli, R; Johannes, K; Henry, D

    2006-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States Department of Energy (U.S. DOE) has recently implemented a series of strategic initiatives to address long-term radiological surveillance needs at former U.S. nuclear test sites in the Marshall Islands. The plan is to engage local atoll communities in developing shared responsibilities for implementing radiation protection monitoring programs for resettled and resettling populations in the northern Marshall Islands. Using the pooled resources of the U.S. DOE and local atoll governments, individual radiological surveillance programs have been developed in whole body counting and plutonium urinalysis in order to accurately assess radiation doses resulting from the ingestion and uptake of fallout radionuclides contained in locally grown foods. Permanent whole body counting facilities have been established at three separate locations in the Marshall Islands including Enewetak Island (Figure 1) (Bell et al., 2002). These facilities are operated and maintained by Marshallese technicians with scientists from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) providing on-going technical support services. Bioassay samples are collected under controlled conditions and analyzed for plutonium isotopes at the Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry at LLNL using state-of-the art measurement technologies. We also conduct an on-going environmental monitoring and characterization program at selected sites in the northern Marshall Islands. The aim of the environmental program is to determine the level and distribution of important fallout radionuclides in soil, water and local foods with a view towards providing more accurate and updated dose assessments, incorporating knowledge of the unique behaviors and exposure pathways of fallout radionuclides in coral atoll ecosystems. These scientific studies have also been essential in helping guide the development of remedial options used in support of island resettlement. Together, the individual and environmental radiological surveillance programs are helping meet the informational needs of the U.S. DOE and the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Our updated environmental assessments provide a strong scientific basis for predicting future change in exposure conditions especially in relation to changes in lifestyle, diet and/or land-use patterns. This information has important implications in addressing questions about existing (and future) radiological conditions on the islands, in determining the cost and estimating the effectiveness of potential remedial measures, and in general policy support considerations. Perhaps most importantly, the recently established individual radiological surveillance programs provide affected atoll communities with an unprecedented level of radiation protection monitoring where, for the first time, local resources are being made available to monitor resettled and resettling populations on a continuous basis. As a hard copy supplement to Marshall Islands Program website (http://eed.llnl.gov/mi/), this document provides an overview of the individual radiation protection monitoring program established for the Enewetak Atoll population group along with a full disclosure of all verified measurement data (2002-2004). Readers are advised that an additional feature of the associated web site is a provision where users are able calculate and track doses delivered to volunteers (de-identified information only) participating in the Marshall Islands Radiological Surveillance Program.

  7. Individual Radiation Protection Monitoring in the Marshall Islands: Rongelap Atoll (2002-2004)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton, T F; Kehl, S; Hickman, D; Brown, T; Marchetti, A A; Martinelli, R; Arelong, E; Langinbelik, S

    2006-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States Department of Energy (U.S. DOE) has recently implemented a series of strategic initiatives to address long-term radiological surveillance needs at former U.S. nuclear test sites in the Marshall Islands. The plan is to engage local atoll communities in developing shared responsibilities for implementing radiation protection monitoring programs for resettled and resettling populations in the northern Marshall Islands. Using the pooled resources of the U.S. DOE and local atoll governments, individual radiological surveillance programs have been developed in whole body counting and plutonium urinalysis in order to accurately assess radiation doses resulting from the ingestion and uptake of fallout radionuclides contained in locally grown foods. Permanent whole body counting facilities have been established at three separate locations in the Marshall Islands including Rongelap Atoll (Figure 1). These facilities are operated and maintained by Marshallese technicians with scientists from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) providing on-going technical support services. Bioassay samples are collected under controlled conditions and analyzed for plutonium isotopes at the Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry at LLNL using state-of-the art measurement technologies. We also conduct an on-going environmental monitoring and characterization program at selected sites in the northern Marshall Islands. The aim of the environmental program is to determine the level and distribution of important fallout radionuclides in soil, water and local foods with a view towards providing more accurate and updated dose assessments, incorporating knowledge of the unique behaviors and exposure pathways of fallout radionuclides in coral atoll ecosystems. These scientific studies have also been essential in helping guide the development of remedial options used in support of island resettlement. Together, the individual and environmental radiological surveillance programs are helping meet the informational needs of the U.S. DOE and the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Our updated environmental assessments provide a strong scientific basis for predicting future change in exposure conditions especially in relation to changes in lifestyle, diet and/or land-use patterns. This information has important implications in addressing questions about existing (and future) radiological conditions on the islands, in determining as well as the implementation, cost and effectiveness of potential intervention options, and in general policy support considerations. Perhaps most importantly, the recently established individual radiological surveillance programs provide affected atoll communities with an unprecedented level of radiation protection monitoring where, for the first time, local resources are being made available to monitor resettled and resettling populations on a continuous basis. As a hard copy supplement to Marshall Islands Program website (http://eed.llnl.gov/mi/), this document provides an overview of the individual radiation protection monitoring program established for resettlement workers living on Rongelap Island along with a full disclosure of all verified measurement data (2002-2004). Readers are advised that an additional feature of the associated web site is a provision where users are able calculate and track doses delivered to volunteers (de-identified information only) participating the Marshall Islands Radiological Surveillance Program.

  8. Effects of planning and policy decisions on residential land use in Singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Noel R

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A study of current land use in Singapore shows that through effective long-term space planning, the island city-state has maintained an adequate stock of developable residential land to meet its most ambitious maximum ...

  9. Accelerating development of advanced inverters : evaluation of anti-islanding schemes with grid support functions and preliminary laboratory demonstration.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neely, Jason C.; Gonzalez, Sigifredo; Ropp, Michael [Northern Plains Power Technologies, Brookings, SD] [Northern Plains Power Technologies, Brookings, SD; Schutz, Dustin [Northern Plains Power Technologies, Brookings, SD] [Northern Plains Power Technologies, Brookings, SD

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The high penetration of utility interconnected photovoltaic (PV) systems is causing heightened concern over the effect that variable renewable generation will have on the electrical power system (EPS). These concerns have initiated the need to amend the utility interconnection standard to allow advanced inverter control functionalities that provide: (1) reactive power control for voltage support, (2) real power control for frequency support and (3) better tolerance of grid disturbances. These capabilities are aimed at minimizing the negative impact distributed PV systems may have on EPS voltage and frequency. Unfortunately, these advanced control functions may interfere with island detection schemes, and further development of advanced inverter functions requires a study of the effect of advanced functions on the efficacy of antiislanding schemes employed in industry. This report summarizes the analytical, simulation and experimental work to study interactions between advanced inverter functions and anti-islanding schemes being employed in distributed PV systems.

  10. Amchitka Island, Alaska, Biological Monitoring Report 2011 Sampling Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance (LTS&M) Plan for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) Amchitka Island sites describes how LM plans to conduct its mission to protect human health and the environment at the three nuclear test sites located on Amchitka Island, Alaska. Amchitka Island, near the western end of the Aleutian Islands, is approximately 1,340 miles west-southwest of Anchorage, Alaska. Amchitka is part of the Aleutian Island Unit of the Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge, which is administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). Since World War II, Amchitka has been used by multiple U.S. government agencies for various military and research activities. From 1943 to 1950, it was used as a forward air base for the U.S. Armed Forces. During the middle 1960s and early 1970s, the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) and the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) used a portion of the island as a site for underground nuclear tests. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the U.S. Navy constructed and operated a radar station on the island. Three underground nuclear tests were conducted on Amchitka Island. DOD, in conjunction with AEC, conducted the first nuclear test (named Long Shot) in 1965 to provide data that would improve the United States' capability of detecting underground nuclear explosions. The second nuclear test (Milrow) was a weapons-related test conducted by AEC in 1969 as a means to study the feasibility of detonating a much larger device. Cannikin, the third nuclear test on Amchitka, was a weapons-related test detonated on November 6, 1971. With the exception of small concentrations of tritium detected in surface water shortly after the Long Shot test, radioactive fission products from the tests remain in the subsurface at each test location As a continuation of the environmental monitoring that has taken place on Amchitka Island since before 1965, LM in the summer of 2011 collected biological and seawater samples from the marine and terrestrial environment of Amchitka Island adjacent to the three detonation sites and at a background or reference site, Adak Island, 180 miles to the east. Consistent with the goals of the Amchitka LTS&M Plan, four data quality objectives (DQOs) were developed for the 2011 sampling event.

  11. Reproductive Endocrinology of Nesting Leatherback Sea Turtles in St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garner, Jeanne

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    REPRODUCTIVE ENDOCRINOLOGY OF NESTING LEATHERBACK SEA TURTLES IN ST. CROIX, U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS A Dissertation by JEANNE ALEXANDER GARNER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial....S. Virgin Islands Copyright 2012 Jeanne Alexander Garner REPRODUCTIVE ENDOCRINOLOGY OF NESTING LEATHERBACK SEA TURTLES IN ST. CROIX, U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS A Dissertation by JEANNE ALEXANDER GARNER Submitted to the Office of Graduate...

  12. Site response at Treasure and Yerba Buena Islands, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baise, L G; Glaser, Steven D; Dreger, D

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    array at the Treasure Island Naval Station. ’’ Loma Prietadamage in Oakland, Treasure Island, and San Francisco. ’’C. H. ?1969?. ‘‘Treasure Island ?ll. ’’ Bay mud developments

  13. A Spectroscopic Study of the effect of Ligand Complexation on...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Spectroscopic Study of the effect of Ligand Complexation on the Reduction of Uranium(VI) by Anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate A Spectroscopic Study of the effect of Ligand Complexation...

  14. A Spectroscopic Study of the effect of Ligand Complexation on...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Study of the effect of Ligand Complexation on the Reduction of Uranium(VI) by Anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate A Spectroscopic Study of the effect of Ligand Complexation on the...

  15. Molecular dynamics study of interfacial confinement effects of...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Molecular dynamics study of interfacial confinement effects of aqueous NaCl brines in nanoporous carbon Re-direct Destination: In this paper, studies of aqueous electrolyte...

  16. Biofuel Feedstock Inter-Island Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biofuel Feedstock Inter-Island Transportation Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office ........................................................................... 11 Options for liquid biofuel feedstock transport ............................................................................. agency thereof. #12;A Comparison of Hawaii's Inter-Island Maritime Transportation of Solid Versus Liquid

  17. REAP Islanded Grid Wind Power Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by Renewable Energy Alaska Project, this three-day conference will show attendees how to learn, network, and share information on wind systems in island and islanded grid environments through expert panel discussions, stakeholder dialogue, and training.

  18. Energy Department Helps Advance Island Clean Energy Goals (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) fact sheet highlights a June 2012 solar power purchase agreement between the Virgin Islands Water and Power Authority and three corporations. The fact sheet describes how financial support from DOE and technical assistance from DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory enabled the U.S. Virgin Islands to realistically assess its clean energy resources and identify the most viable and cost-effective solutions to its energy challenges--resulting in a $65 million investment in solar energy in the territory.

  19. Islands and Our Renewable Energy Future (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baring-Gould, I.; Gevorgian, V.; Kelley, K.; Conrad, M.

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Only US Laboratory Dedicated Solely to Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. High Contribution Renewables in Islanded Power Systems.

  20. The nonlinear coupling between gyroradius scale turbulence and mesoscale magnetic islands in fusion plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hornsby, W. A.; Peeters, A. G.; Snodin, A. P.; Casson, F. J.; Camenen, Y.; Szepesi, G. [Department of Physics, Centre for Fusion, Space, and Astrophysics, University of Warwick, Coventry (United Kingdom); Siccinio, M.; Poli, E. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstrasse 2, D-85748 Garching bei Muenchen (Germany)

    2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The interaction between small scale turbulence (of the order of the ion Larmor radius) and mesoscale magnetic islands is investigated within the gyrokinetic framework. Turbulence, driven by background temperature and density gradients, over nonlinear mode coupling, pumps energy into long wavelength modes, and can result in an electrostatic vortex mode that coincides with the magnetic island. The strength of the vortex is strongly enhanced by the modified plasma flow response connected with the change in topology, and the transport it generates can compete with the parallel motion along the perturbed magnetic field. Despite the stabilizing effect of sheared plasma flows in and around the island, the net effect of the island is a degradation of the confinement. When density and temperature gradients inside the island are below the threshold for turbulence generation, turbulent fluctuations still persist through turbulence convection and spreading. The latter mechanisms then generate a finite transport flux and, consequently, a finite pressure gradient in the island. A finite radial temperature gradient inside the island is also shown to persist due to the trapped particles, which do not move along the field around the island. In the low collisionality regime, the finite gradient in the trapped population leads to the generation of a bootstrap current, which reduces the neoclassical drive.

  1. Buckling suppression of SiGe islands on compliant substrates Haizhou Yina)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Thomas S.

    Buckling suppression of SiGe islands on compliant substrates Haizhou Yina) Center for Photonics structure made of SiGe and a cap layer were studied by both modeling and experiment. Both epitaxial silicon and accelerate the lateral relaxation, so that larger, flat, relaxed SiGe islands can be achieved. Using a 31 nm

  2. ANNUAL FISH PASSAGE REPORT ROCK ISLAND DAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ANNUAL FISH PASSAGE REPORT ROCK ISLAND DAM COLUMBIA RIVER, WASHINGTON, 1959 :y .iiJA/i-3ri ^' WUUUi. ANNUAL FISH PASSAGE REPORT - ROCK ISLAND DAM COLUMBIA RIVER, WASHINGTON, 1959 by Paul D. Zimmer, Clifton and observations 10 Summary 13 #12;#12;ANNUAL FISH PASSAGE REPORT - ROCK ISLAND DAM COLUMBIA RIVER, WASHINGTON

  3. ANNUAL FISH PASSAGE REPORT ROCK ISLAND DAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ANNUAL FISH PASSAGE REPORT ROCK ISLAND DAM COLUMBIA RIVER, WASHINGTON 1960 . SPECIAL SCIENTIFIC ISLAND DAM COLUMBIA RIVER, WASHINGTON, 1960 by Paul D. Zimmer and Clifton C. Davidson United States Fish This annual report of fishway operations at Rock Island Dam in 1960 is dedicated to the memory of co

  4. ANNUAL FISH PASSAGE REPORT ROCK ISLAND DAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    42) ANNUAL FISH PASSAGE REPORT ROCK ISLAND DAM COLUMBIA RIVER, WASHINGTON 1961 Marine Biological. McKeman, Director ANNUAL FISH PASSAGE REPORT - ROCK ISLAND DAM COLUMBIA RIVER, WASHINGTON, 1961--Fisheries No. 421 Washington, D. C. April 1962 #12;Rock Island Dam, Columbia River, Washington ii #12;CONTENTS

  5. Annual Fish Passage Report -Rock Island Dam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Annual Fish Passage Report - Rock Island Dam Columbia River, Washington, 1965 By Paul D. Zimmer L. McKeman, Director Annual Fish Passage Report - Rock Island Dam Columbia River, Washington, 1965;#12;Annual Fish Passage Report - Rock Island Dam Columbia River, Washington, 1965 By PAUL D. ZIMMER, Fishery

  6. Close Encounters Treasure Island: Sequencing Moorea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wildermuth, Mary C

    Close Encounters Also... Treasure Island: Sequencing Moorea Devon Zagory on Food Safety College Features 12 CLOSE ENCOUNTERS by Claire Cain Miller Passing earth science to the next generation 20 TREASURE ISLAND by Erika Check Barcoding CNR's island research station Departments 2 L

  7. Countermeasures to Urban Heat Islands: A Global View

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meier, Alan

    2006-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    An important milestone was passed this year when the fraction of the world's population living in cities exceeded 50%. This shift from the countryside to urban areas is certain to continue and, for many, the destination will be large cities. Already there are over 400 cities with populations greater than one million inhabitants and twenty cities with populations greater than ten million inhabitants. With a growing fraction of the population living in an urban environment, the unique aspects of an urban climate also rise in importance. These include features like air pollution and increased humidity. Another unique feature of the urban climate is the phenomenon of the urban heat island. The urban heat island phenomenon was first observed over one hundred years ago in northern latitude cities, where the city centers were slightly warmer than the suburbs. (Instantaneous communications probably played a role in its identification, much as it did for other weather-related events.) For these cities, a heat island was generally a positive effect because it resulted in reduced heating requirements during the winters. It was only in the 1960s, as air conditioning and heavy reliance on automobiles grew, that the negative impacts of heat islands became apparent. The heat islands made summer conditions much less comfortable and increased air conditioning energy use. Since then the summer heat island has become the dominant environmental concern. Measurements in thousands of sites, plus the development of sophisticated dynamic simulations of urban air basins, has enabled us to better understand the relationships between urban temperatures, sunlight, and rates of formation of air pollutants. These models have also given us insights into the roles of vegetation and other characteristics of the land surface. More recently-roughly the last fifteen years-it has become possible to quantify the roles of the major features influencing the formation and persistence of urban heat islands. These developments also allowed us to answer 'what if' questions, such as, 'what if surfaces were changed to be covered with more vegetation or if the albedo of the streets or the roofs was increased'? These simulations, plus measurements of the impact of actual changes, made it possible to imagine that countermeasures to urban heat islands would result in a cooler city requiring less air conditioning and other benefits. In the past five years we have seen the first generation of countermeasures to urban heat islands appear. 'Cool' roofing materials, are now available and, in California, help comply with energy efficiency requirements for buildings. In Japan, cities are giving special incentives to buildings that provide vegetation on their roofs.

  8. Electron thermal transport within magnetic islands in the reversed-field pinch

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephens, H. D.; Reusch, J. A. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1150 University Ave., Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Den Hartog, D. J. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1150 University Ave., Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Center for Magnetic Self-Organization in Laboratory and Astrophysical Plasmas, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Hegna, C. C. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1150 University Ave., Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Department of Engineering Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1500 Engineering Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

    2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Tearing mode induced magnetic islands have a significant impact on the thermal characteristics of magnetically confined plasmas such as those in the reversed-field pinch (RFP). New Thomson scattering diagnostic capability on the Madison Symmetric Torus (MST) RFP has enabled measurement of the thermal transport characteristics of islands. Electron temperature (T{sub e}) profiles can now be acquired at 25 kHz, sufficient to measure the effect of an island on the profile as the island rotates by the measurement point. In standard MST plasmas with a spectrum of unstable tearing modes, remnant islands are present in the core between sawtoothlike reconnection events. Associated with these island remnants is flattening of the T{sub e} profile inside the island separatricies. This flattening is characteristic of rapid parallel heat conduction along helical magnetic field lines. In striking contrast, a temperature gradient within an m=1, n=5 island is observed in these same plasmas just after a sawtooth event when the m=1, n=5 mode may briefly come into resonance near the magnetic axis. This suggests local heating and relatively good confinement within the island. Local power balance calculations suggest reduced thermal transport within this island relative to the confinement properties of standard MST discharges between reconnection events. The magnetic field and island structure is modeled with three-dimensional nonlinear resistive magnetohydrodynamic simulations (DEBS code) with Lundquist numbers matching those in MST during standard discharges. During improved confinement plasmas with reduced tearing mode activity, temperature fluctuations correlated with magnetic signals are small with characteristic fluctuation amplitudes of order T-tilde{sub e}/T{sub e}approx2%.

  9. Recovery of a Deltaic Barrier Island to hurricane and oil spill impacts in coastal Louisiana. Final report, 1 June 1993-31 August 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Debusschere, K.; Lindstedt, D.; Mendelssohn, I.A.; Tao, Q.; Lin, Q.

    1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this project was to evaluate the effects of the 1992 Greenhill Petroleum Corporation Oil Spill and Hurricane Andrew on salt marsh recovery on East Timbalier Island, in coastal Louisiana. The landscape scale analysis relied on remote sensing/image analysis procedures and field surveys. The community scale analysis required quantitative field sampling for vegetative responses. Both types of analyses showed that the oil spill had minimal effect on island vegetation. The analysis also indicated that Hurricane Andrew had a profound effect on the island. The island`s land mass decreased by 25% between 1990 and 1992 and its previously continuous shoreline became fragmented after the hurricane. One year after hurricane impact, the island`s morphology changed significantly due to sediment reworking.

  10. Simple method for calculating island widths

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cary, J.R. (Department of Astrophysical, Planetary, and Atmospheric Sciences, and Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0391 (USA)); Hanson, J.D. (Department of Physics, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849 (USA))

    1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A simple method for calculating magnetic island widths has been developed. This method uses only that information obtained from integrating along the closed field line at the island center. Thus, this method is computationally less intensive than the usual method of producing surfaces of section of sufficient detail to locate and resolve the island separatrix. This method has been implemented numerically and used to analyze the buss work islands of ATF (Fusion Technol. {bold 10}, 179 (1986)). In this case the method proves to be accurate to at least within 20% even though the islands are within a factor of 2 of overlapping.

  11. Microseismic Study with LBNL - Monitoring the Effect of Injection...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Microseismic Study with LBNL - Monitoring the Effect of Injection of Fluids from the Lake County Pipeline on Seismicity at The Geysers, California, Geothermal Field; 2010...

  12. A new landscape ecology mapping scheme for coastal environments: Galveston Island, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynch, Karen Marie

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of landscape ecology to understand the complete picture of the changing environment of a barrier island. Mapping is fundamental to detecting and monitoring change. Currently no mapping scheme can effectively integrate geomorphological and ecological mapping...

  13. A new landscape ecology mapping scheme for coastal environments: Galveston Island, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynch, Karen Marie

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of landscape ecology to understand the complete picture of the changing environment of a barrier island. Mapping is fundamental to detecting and monitoring change. Currently no mapping scheme can effectively integrate geomorphological and ecological mapping...

  14. First Regional Super ESPC: Success on Kodiak Island, Alaska

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Federal Energy Management Program

    2001-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This case study about energy saving performance contacts (ESPCs) presents an overview of how the Coast Guard at Kodiak Island, Alaska, established an ESPC contract and the benefits derived from it. The Federal Energy Management Program instituted these special contracts to help federal agencies finance energy-saving projects at their facilities.

  15. Small Island States Green Energy Initiative. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khattak, Nasir

    1999-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This report covers the activities carried out during a one year period from 7/15/99 to 7/15/00 as part of the Small Islands Green Energy Initiative. The three activities were: 1) Energy Ministerial conference in the Caribbean; 2) Training session on renewable energy for utility engineers; and 3) Case studies compilation on renewable energy in the Caribbean.

  16. Floating Cities, Islands and States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolonkin, Alexander

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many small countries are in need of additional territory. They build landfills and expensive artificial islands. The ocean covers 71 per cent of the Earth surface. Those countries (or persons of wealth) starting the early colonization of the ocean may obtain advantages through additional territory or creating their own independent state. An old idea is building a big ship. The best solution to this problem, however, is the provision of floating cities, islands, and states. The author idea is to use for floating cities, islands, and states a cheap floating platform created from a natural ice field taken from the Arctic or Antarctic oceans. These cheap platforms protected by air-film (bottom and sides) and a conventional insulating cover (top) and having a cooling system can exist for an unlimited time. They can be increased in number or size at any time, float in warm oceans, travel to different continents and countries, serve as artificial airports, harbors and other marine improvements, as well as floating c...

  17. A signature for turbulence driven magnetic islands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agullo, O.; Muraglia, M.; Benkadda, S. [Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, PIIM, UMR 7345 Marseille (France); France-Japan Magnetic Fusion Laboratory, LIA 336 CNRS, Marseille (France); Poyé, A. [Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, CEA, CELIA (Centre Lasers Intenses et Applications), UMR 5107, F-33405 Talence (France); Yagi, M. [Plasma Theory and Simulation Gr., JAEA, Rokkasho (Japan); Garbet, X. [IRFM, CEA, St-Paul-Lez-Durance 13108 (France); Sen, A. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the properties of magnetic islands arising from tearing instabilities that are driven by an interchange turbulence. We find that such islands possess a specific signature that permits an identification of their origin. We demonstrate that the persistence of a small scale turbulence maintains a mean pressure profile, whose characteristics makes it possible to discriminate between turbulence driven islands from those arising due to an unfavourable plasma current density gradient. We also find that the island poloidal turnover time, in the steady state, is independent of the levels of the interchange and tearing energy sources. Finally, we show that a mixing length approach is adequate to make theoretical predictions concerning island flattening in the island rotation frame.

  18. Converting Maturing Nuclear Sites to Integrated Power Production Islands

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Solbrig, Charles W.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear islands, which are integrated power production sites, could effectively sequester and safeguard the US stockpile of plutonium. A nuclear island, an evolution of the integral fast reactor, utilizes all the Transuranics (Pu plus minor actinides) produced in power production, and it eliminates all spent fuel shipments to and from the site. This latter attribute requires that fuel reprocessing occur on each site and that fast reactors be built on-site to utilize the TRU. All commercial spent fuel shipments could be eliminated by converting all LWR nuclear power sites to nuclear islands. Existing LWR sites have the added advantage ofmore »already possessing a license to produce nuclear power. Each could contribute to an increase in the nuclear power production by adding one or more fast reactors. Both the TRU and the depleted uranium obtained in reprocessing would be used on-site for fast fuel manufacture. Only fission products would be shipped to a repository for storage. The nuclear island concept could be used to alleviate the strain of LWR plant sites currently approaching or exceeding their spent fuel pool storage capacity. Fast reactor breeding ratio could be designed to convert existing sites to all fast reactors, or keep the majority thermal.« less

  19. The Impact of Trade-wind Strength on Precipitation over the Windward Side of the Island of Hawaii

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yi-Leng

    The Impact of Trade-wind Strength on Precipitation over the Windward Side of the Island of Hawaii@hawaii.edu #12;ABSTRACT The effects of trade-wind strength and the diurnal heating cycle on the production of summer trade-wind rainfall on the windward side of the island of Hawaii are examined from the data

  20. ANNUAL WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    ANNUAL WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island March 1, 2002 ­ February 28, 2003 Prepared.................................................................................................................... 11 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 11 Wind Speed Distributions

  1. WIND DATA REPORT Deer Island Outfall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    WIND DATA REPORT Deer Island Outfall August 18, 2003 ­ December 4, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 7 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 7 Wind Speed Distributions

  2. WIND DATA REPORT Deer Island Parking Lot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    WIND DATA REPORT Deer Island Parking Lot May 1, 2003 ­ July 15, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 7 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 7 Wind Speed Distributions

  3. Pennsylvania Nuclear Profile - Three Mile Island

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Three Mile Island" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date"...

  4. Asian American Pacific Islander Heritage Month

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Generations of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) have helped make America what it is today. Their histories recall bitter hardships and proud accomplishments -- from the laborers who...

  5. Simple method for calculating island widths

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cary, J.R.; Hanson, J.D.; Carreras, B.A.; Lynch, V.E.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A simple method for calculating magnetic island widths has been developed. This method uses only information obtained from integrating along the closed field line at the island center. Thus, this method is computationally less intensive than the usual method of producing surfaces of section of sufficient detail to locate and resolve the island separatrix. This method has been implemented numerically and used to analyze the buss work islands of ATF. In this case the method proves to be accurate to at least within 30%. 7 refs.

  6. Northern Mariana Islands - Territory Energy Profile Overview...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    islands of Pagan and Saipan - unique in Micronesia in having abundant geothermal energy potential, and CNMI has excellent resources for both wind and solar power. CNMI enacted a...

  7. Aeromagnetic Survey And Interpretation, Ascention Island, South...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Interpretation, Ascention Island, South Atlantic Ocean Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Aeromagnetic Survey And Interpretation,...

  8. Morphological barrier island changes and recovery of dunes after Hurricane Dennis, St. George Island, Florida

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fagherazzi, Sergio

    of the barrier island are analyzed, along with the short-term post-storm recovery of secondary dunes. ResultsMorphological barrier island changes and recovery of dunes after Hurricane Dennis, St. George September 2009 Keywords: Dune recovery LiDAR Overwash Hurricane Dennis Barrier island During the summer

  9. A Comparison of Vegetation in Artificially Isolated Wetlands on West Galveston Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Ashley

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to compare vegetation systems among three artificially isolated wetlands on the west end of Galveston Island. Sample sites were identified as isolated wetlands and anthropogenic impact was observed. Wetland plant...

  10. Development of a landslide hazard map for the island of Puerto Rico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamal, Sameer A. (Sameer Ahmed)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes the development of a landslide hazard map for the island of Puerto Rico through the use of Graphical Information System (GIS) tools. Parameters considered in this study are elevation, slope aspect, ...

  11. Study of electrokinetic effects to quantify groundwater flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.R. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Haupt, R.W. [MIT Lincoln Lab., Lexington, MA (United States)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An experimental study of electrokinetic effects (streaming potential) in earth materials was undertaken. The objective was to evaluate the measurement of electrokinetic effects as a method of monitoring and predicting the movement of groundwater, contaminant plumes, and other fluids in the subsurface. The laboratory experiments verified that the electrokinetic effects in earth materials are prominent, repeatable, and can be described well to first order by a pair of coupled differential equations.

  12. alternative studies effects: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on all fields of N4 vector multiplet. We also consider the derivation of leading low-enrgy effective action at two loops. I. L. Buchbinder 2004-02-12 166 A Meta-Study of...

  13. Prediction of Thermoacoustic Instabilities: Numerical Study of Mach number Effects.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicoud, Franck

    Prediction of Thermoacoustic Instabilities: Numerical Study of Mach number Effects. K. Wieczorek equations. I. Introduction In the calculation of thermoacoustic instabilities, an assumption lead to significant changes in the evaluation of the thermo-acoustic modes present in the combustion

  14. Microseismic Study with LBNL - Monitoring the Effect of Injection...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    9 4.5.3 Microseismic Study with LBNL - Monitoring the Effect of Injection of Fluids from the Lake County Pipeline on Seismicity at The Geysers, California, Geothermal Field...

  15. THE EARTH TIDE EFFECTS ON PETROLEUM RESERVOIRS Preliminary Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    THE EARTH TIDE EFFECTS ON PETROLEUM RESERVOIRS Preliminary Study A THESIS SUBMITTED ON THE STRESS-STRAIN THEORY AND THE EARTH TIDE MECHANISM 4 2.1 Stress-Strain Theory 4 2.2 General Information on Tides 14 3. THE EFFECTS OF EARTH TIDES ON OPEN WELL-AQUIFER SYSTEMS: STATE OF THE ART 22 3.1 Static

  16. Isotopic dilution and solvent effect studies using raman difference spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Andrew Norman

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ISOTOPIC DILUTION AND SOLVENT EFFECT STUDIES USING RAMAN DIFFERENCE SPECTROSCOPY A Thesis by ANDREW NORMAN JOHNSON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1984 Major Subject: Chemistry ISOTOPIC DILUTION AND SOLVENT EFFECT STUDIES USING RAMAN DIFFERENCE SPECTROSCOPY A Thesis by ANDREW NORMAN JOHNSON Approved as to style and content by: Jaan Laane (Chairman of Committee) J. . Bevan...

  17. The dynamics of genetic and morphological variation on volcanic islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thorpe, Roger Stephen

    : volcanism; phylogeography; geographical variation; natural selection; Canary islands; Tarentola 1 and Canary islands). It has been argued that population extinctions, recolonizations and associ- ated a role in shaping geographical variation. The islands of the Canary Archipelago provide an excellent

  18. Rhode Island to Build First Offshore Wind Farm

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Block Island, a small town with only 1,000 full-time, residents, is the site for a big project, when it will become home to Rhode Island’s first offshore wind farm.

  19. Geographic information system for Long Island: An epidemiologic systems approach to identify environmental breast cancer risks on Long Island. Phase 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barancik, J.I.; Kramer, C.F.; Thode, H.C. Jr.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BNL is developing and implementing the project ``Geographic Information System (GIS) for Long Island`` to address the potential relationship of environmental and occupational exposures to breast cancer etiology on Long Island. The project is divided into two major phases: The four month-feasibility project (Phase 1), and the major development and implementation project (Phase 2). This report summarizes the work completed in the four month Phase 1 Project, ``Feasibility of a Geographic Information System for Long Island.`` It provides the baseline information needed to further define and prioritize the scope of work for subsequent tasks. Phase 2 will build upon this foundation to develop an operational GIS for the Long Island Breast Cancer Study Project (LIBCSP).

  20. Monhegan Island | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose BendMiasole IncMinuteman WindMoana(Tempel,MoeMonhegan Island Jump

  1. Island Gas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup | OpenHunanInformation sourceInvensysIsland Gas Jump to: navigation,

  2. Subsidence at the Weeks Island SPR Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, S.J.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The elevation change data measured at the Weeks Island SPR site over the last 16+ years has been studied and analyzed. The subsidence rate is not constant with time and while the subsidence rate may have increased slightly during the past several years, recently the rate has increased more dramatically. The most recent increase comes at a time when the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) storage mine had been emptied of oil and was in the process of being refilled with brine. Damage to surface structures that has been observed during the past 12-18 months is attributed to the continued subsidence and dtierential subsidence across structures. The recent greater subsidence rates were unanticipated according to analysis results and will be used to aid further subsidence model development.

  3. Tsunami response at Wake Island: azimuthal mode analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Creswell, Wiltie Austin

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    occur at certain resonant frequencies. In fact, the response versus frequency for selected azimuthal modes re- sembles, in many respects, that of a psraboloidal island, which is known to partially trap wave energy incident upon it. The implication... near a small Pacific atoll where the bathymetric effects would be minimized at least for the longer period waves. With this rationale in mind, Van Dorn (1960) installed specially designed long period recording gauges near several small Pacific...

  4. Tourists: their expectations, motivations, and behavior at South Padre Island, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Steven John

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Receipts and Forecast 5. Sea Grape Motel Receipts and Forecast 6. Laguna APTS. Receipts and Forecast 7. Isla Blanca Park Receipts 6 Forecast Page 19 46 47 48 49 50 LIST OF MAPS Page 1. Location of Study Ares 2. Local Transportation Network 3... heights of 50 feet along the Gulf Coast. It is also an area of sprawling white beaches which stretch the entire length of the island. Because of these white beaches the island was first called Las Isles Blancas (the white islands) . To the west...

  5. news: Bern Convention group of experts on European island biological diversity: an international network to preserve island biodiversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borges, Paulo A. V.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by the Government of Canary Islands at Tenerife (1-3 Octoberthe Gov- ernments of Canary Islands, Azores and Madeira inAzores, Madeira and Canary Islands (Macaronesia), Balearic

  6. The Long Island Solar Farm | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy The Long Island Solar Farm More Documents & Publications The Long Island Solar Farm EA-1663: Final Environmental Assessment EA-1928: Final Environmental Assessment...

  7. The Long Island Solar Farm | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    in the East. The Long Island Solar Farm More Documents & Publications The Long Island Solar Farm EA-1663: Final Environmental Assessment EA-1928: Final Environmental Assessment...

  8. asian pacific islanders: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Department of Mangroves of the Pacific Islands:Agriculture Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: . The perception of mangroves by people in the Pacific islands...

  9. Commercial-Scale Renewable-Energy Grants (Rhode Island)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Rhode Island Economic Development Corporation (RIEDC) provides incentives for renewable-energy projects. Incentive programs are funded by the Rhode Island Renewable Energy Fund (RIREF) and...

  10. Energy Transformation in the U.S. Virgin Islands | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    About Us Initiatives & Projects Energy Transition Initiative Energy Transformation in the U.S. Virgin Islands Energy Transformation in the U.S. Virgin Islands Click on the...

  11. amchitka island alaska: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MA August 2005 Prepared for Massachusetts for August 2005 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site Island for the month of August...

  12. adak island alaska: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MA August 2005 Prepared for Massachusetts for August 2005 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site Island for the month of August...

  13. akutan island alaska: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MA August 2005 Prepared for Massachusetts for August 2005 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site Island for the month of August...

  14. The Biogeography of Globally Threatened Seabirds and Island Conservation Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spatz, Dena R.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and North Islands, Hispaniola, etc. ). The conservation ofand North Islands, Hispaniola, etc. ). The conservation ofGreater Antilles (Hispaniola) Lesser Antilles Galapagos

  15. Observation of energetic electrons within magnetic islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    that energetic electron fluxes peak at sites of compressed density within islands, which imposes a new constraintLETTERS Observation of energetic electrons within magnetic islands L.-J. CHEN1 *, A. BHATTACHARJEE1, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire 03824, USA 2 National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2

  16. Progress in study of N=4 SYM effective action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. L. Buchbinder

    2004-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We review the basic results concerning the structure of effective action in N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in Coulomb phase. Various classical formulations of this theory are considered. We show that the low-energy effective action depending on all fileds of N=4 vector multiplet can be exactly found. This result is discussed on the base of algebraic analysis exploring the general harmonic superspace techniques and on the base of straightforward quantum field theory calculations using the N=2 supersymmetric background field method. We study the one-loop effective action beyond leading low-energy approximation and construct supersymmetric generalization of Heisenberg-Euler-Schwinger effective action depending on all fields of N=4 vector multiplet. We also consider the derivation of leading low-enrgy effective action at two loops.

  17. Progress in study of N=4 SYM effective action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buchbinder, I L

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We review the basic results concerning the structure of effective action in N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in Coulomb phase. Various classical formulations of this theory are considered. We show that the low-energy effective action depending on all fileds of N=4 vector multiplet can be exactly found. This result is discussed on the base of algebraic analysis exploring the general harmonic superspace techniques and on the base of straightforward quantum field theory calculations using the N=2 supersymmetric background field method. We study the one-loop effective action beyond leading low-energy approximation and construct supersymmetric generalization of Heisenberg-Euler-Schwinger effective action depending on all fields of N=4 vector multiplet. We also consider the derivation of leading low-enrgy effective action at two loops.

  18. An updated dose assessment for Rongelap Island

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robison, W.L.; Conrado, C.L.; Bogen, K.T.

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have updated the radiological dose assessment for Rongelap Island at Rongelap Atoll using data generated from field trips to the atoll during 1986 through 1993. The data base used for this dose assessment is ten fold greater than that available for the 1982 assessment. Details of each data base are presented along with details about the methods used to calculate the dose from each exposure pathway. The doses are calculated for a resettlement date of January 1, 1995. The maximum annual effective dose is 0.26 mSv y{sup {minus}1} (26 mrem y{sup {minus}1}). The estimated 30-, 50-, and 70-y integral effective doses are 0.0059 Sv (0.59 rem), 0.0082 Sv (0.82 rem), and 0.0097 Sv (0.97 rem), respectively. More than 95% of these estimated doses are due to 137-Cesium ({sup 137}Cs). About 1.5% of the estimated dose is contributed by 90-Strontium ({sup 90}Sr), and about the same amount each by 239+240-Plutonium ({sup 239+240}PU), and 241-Americium ({sup 241}Am).

  19. Santa Catalina Island: Reclaiming a National Treasure. A Report to The Ralph M. Parson’s Foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parnell, Ed; Miller, Kathy Ann; Dayton, Paul K

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    leading to severe nutrient stress for kelps. The effect ofIsland leading to nutrient stress of giant kelp in the leegiant kelp, Macrocystis pyrifera, are determined by nutrient

  20. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA Prepared for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA June 2005 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site in Boston Harbor, MA at Thompson Island for the month of June 2005, at the highest anemometer height of 40 m. Thompson Island Wind

  1. Statistics of the Island-Around-Island Hierarchy in Hamiltonian Phase Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Or Alus; Shmuel Fishman; James D. Meiss

    2014-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The phase space of a typical Hamiltonian system contains both chaotic and regular orbits, mixed in a complex, fractal pattern. One oft-studied phenomenon is the algebraic decay of correlations and recurrence time distributions. For area-preserving maps, this has been attributed to the stickiness of boundary circles, which separate chaotic and regular components. Though such dynamics has been extensively studied, a full understanding depends on many fine details that typically are beyond experimental and numerical resolution. This calls for a statistical approach, the subject of the present work. We calculate the statistics of the boundary circle winding numbers, contrasting the distribution of the elements of their continued fractions to that for uniformly selected irrationals. Since phase space transport is of great interest for dynamics, we compute the distributions of fluxes through island chains. Analytical fits show that the "level" and "class" distributions are distinct, and evidence for their universality is given.

  2. Cost effectiveness studies of environmental technologies: Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silva, E.M.; Booth, S.R. [eds.

    1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines cost effectiveness studies of environmental technologies including the following: (1) In Situ Air Stripping, (2) Surface Towed Ordinance Locator System, (3) Ditch Witch Horizontal Boring Technology, (4) Direct Sampling Ion Trap Mass Spectrometer, (5) In Situ Vitrification, (6) Site Characterization and Analysis Penetrometer System, (7) In Situ Bioremediation, and (8) SEAMIST Membrane System Technology.

  3. Case Study/ Effects of Groundwater Development on Uranium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Case Study/ Effects of Groundwater Development on Uranium: Central Valley, California, USA Abstract Uranium (U) concentrations in groundwater in several parts of the eastern San Joaquin Valley development during the last 100 years have changed the chemistry and magnitude of groundwater recharge

  4. U.S. Virgin Islands- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In February 2007, the U.S. Virgin Islands Public Services Commission approved a limited net-metering program for residential and commercial photovoltaic (PV), wind-energy or other renewable energ...

  5. Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Rhode Island)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Rhode Island as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific...

  6. 11 Life on Herbert Island (part 2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Stephen Pax

    last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 11 Length of track 45 minutes Title of track Life on Herbert Island (part 2) Translation...

  7. 13 Life on Herbert Island (part 3)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Stephen Pax

    last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 13 Length of track 30 minutes Title of track Life on Herbert Island (part 3) Translation...

  8. 12 Life on Herbert Island (part 1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Stephen Pax

    last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 12 Length of track 1 hour 35 minutes Title of track Life on Herbert Island (part 1...

  9. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Information

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    facilities in Rhode Island, use the TransAtlas interactive mapping tool or use BioFuels Atlas to show the use and potential production of biofuels throughout the U.S. and...

  10. Solar School Program in Reunion Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David, M.; Adelard, L.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    system efficiency. In Réunion Island, the industrial engineering laboratory is involved in the regional solar school program. Its aim is to gather some local construction actors (city technical offices, architects, civil engineers, specialized university...

  11. The Jobs Development Act (Rhode Island)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Jobs Development Act provides an incremental reduction in the corporate income tax rate (9%) to companies creating jobs in Rhode Island. For every ten new jobs created for companies with fewer...

  12. Job Creation Guaranty Program (Rhode Island)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    RIEDC’s Job Creation Guaranty Program provides businesses looking to expand or relocate in Rhode Island with access to capital and credit. RIEDC guarantees loans by private lenders or guarantees...

  13. Bainbridge Island Data Dashboard | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The data dashboard for Bainbridge Island, a partner in the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program. bban0003805pmcdashboardy13-q3.xls More Documents...

  14. Macroalgal distribution at Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, Jill Christie

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from the reef community, macroalgae have been increasing in abundance on the reefs surrounding Lee Stocking Island (LSI), Bahamas. Macroalgal patches prevent coral recruitment and growth, thereby restructuring the reef. In such cases, coral and algal...

  15. DYER ISLAND CONSERVATION TRUST LETTER OF CONCERN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    ..........................................................................................................................8 4 GENERAL POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF THE NPS ON THE MARINE ENVIRONMENTDYER ISLAND CONSERVATION TRUST LETTER OF CONCERN ASSOCIATED WITH THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A NUCLEAR....................................................................................................................................6 3 THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT SURROUNDING BANTAMSKLIP

  16. US Virgin Islands renewable energy future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldfield, Brian (Brian K.)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Virgin Islands must face drastic changes to its electrical system. There are two problems with electricity production in the USVI-it's dirty and it's expensive. Nearly one hundred percent of the electricity in these ...

  17. Solar School Program in Reunion Island 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David, M.; Adelard, L.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Because of its particular geographic situation and relatively high altitude (3069 meters), Reunion Island is composed of a very large amount of micro-climates which have a direct impact on buildings' comfort, energy consumptions and renewable energy...

  18. N. Mariana Islands- Renewables Portfolio Standard

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands enacted its Renewables Portfolio Standard in September 2007, in which a certain percentage of its net electricity sales must come from renewable e...

  19. Long Island Power Authority- Renewable Electricity Goal

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As a municipal utility, the Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) is not obligated to comply with the [http://www.dsireusa.org/library/includes/incentive2.cfm?Incentive_Code=N... New York Renewable...

  20. Metromorphosis : evolution on the urban island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vezina, Kenrick (Kenrick Freitas)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cities are very much alive. Like islands, they provide a natural testing ground for evolution. With more than half of the world's population living in urban areas now, the influence cities have on the planet's life is ...

  1. PSEG Long Island- Renewable Electricity Goal

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As a municipal utility, the Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) is not obligated to comply with the New York Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS). The LIPA Board of Trustees has nevertheless decided...

  2. Mobile home weatherization measures: A study of their effectiveness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Judkoff, R.; Hancock, E.; Franconi, E.; Hanger, R.; Weiger, J.

    1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) was funded by the Department of Energy's Office of Buildings and Community Systems (DOE OBCS) in FY 1987 and 1988 to investigate cost effective ways to weatherize mobile homes constructed prior to the enactment of HUD Thermal Standards in 1976. In FY 1987 SERI studied the effectiveness of a variety of infiltration-reducing retrofits by monitoring 20 units in the field before, during, and after applications of air tightening measures. In FY 1988 we began studying measures intended to reduce envelope conduction losses. These measures included storm windows, insulated skirting, and wall, roof, and floor insulation. This part of the project resulted in the development of a short-term testing method for measuring the thermal impact of individual conduction-reducing retrofits.

  3. CARES: Carbonaceous Aerosol and Radiative Effects Study Science Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zaveri, RA; Shaw, WJ; Cziczo, DJ

    2010-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Carbonaceous aerosol components, which include black carbon (BC), urban primary organic aerosols (POA), biomass burning aerosols, and secondary organic aerosols (SOA) from both urban and biogenic precursors, have been previously shown to play a major role in the direct and indirect radiative forcing of climate. The primary objective of the CARES 2010 intensive field study is to investigate the evolution of carbonaceous aerosols of different types and their effects on optical and cloud formation properties.

  4. Keys to success: Ten case studies of effective weatherization programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, M.A.; Berry, L.G.; Kolb, J.O.; White, D.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Kinney, L.F.; Wilson, T. [Synertech Systems Corp., Syracuse, NY (United States)

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1990, DOE initiated a nationwide evaluation of its Weatherization Program, with assistance from Oak Ridge National Laboratory and an advisory group of 40 weatherization professionals, program managers, and researchers. The evaluation is comprised of three impact studies covering the Program`s major market segments: Single-family homes, mobile homes, and dwellings in small (2 to 4-unit) multifamily buildings (the Single-Family Study), Single-family homes heated primarily with fuel oil (the Fuel-Oil Study), and Dwellings in buildings with five or more units (the Multifamily Study). The Single-Family Study, the subject of this report, is a critical part of this coordinated evaluation effort. Its focus on single-family dwellings, mobile homes, and dwellings in small multifamily buildings covers 83% of the income-eligible population and 96% of the dwellings weatherized during Program Year 1989. The first phase of the Single-Family Study involved the analysis of a massive data base of information collected from 368 local weatherization agencies and 543 electric and gas utilities. This analysis resulted in energy-saving and cost-effectiveness estimates for the Weatherization Program and the identification of a set of ten high-performing agencies located throughout the country. The second phase, which is the subject of this report, involves a ``process`` evaluation of these ten high performers, aimed at identifying those weatherization practices that explain their documented success.

  5. Geothermal resources of Sao Miguel Island, Azores, Portugal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duffield, W.A.; Muffler, L.J.P.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Geothermal studies were carried out on the island of Sao Miguel, Azores to characterize the nature of the resource, to estimate its magnitude, and to identify target areas toward which exploration and developmental drilling might be directed. The main geothermal resource areas are Furnas, Agua de Pau, and Sete Cidades, three Quaternary silicic volcanic centers characterized by summit calderas beneath which magmatic heat sources provide thermal energy to overlying hydrothermal convection systems. For each of the systems, the studies have defined the size of the system, the subsurface temperature, the thermodynamic state of fluid in the system, the chemical composition of the fluid, and permeable parts of the system. 8 figs. (ACR)

  6. Archipelagic American Studies and the Caribbean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, Brian Russell; Stephens, Michelle

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rojo, The Repeating Island: The Caribbean and the PostmodernWhat Is an Island? Caribbean Studies and the Contemporarys work on the non-sovereign Caribbean, as described in “Non-

  7. Grid-Connected Inverter Anti-Islanding Test Results for General Electric Inverter-Based Interconnection Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ye, Z.; Dame, M.; Kroposki, B.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report covers testing of General Electric-proposed anti-islanding schemes. The objectives were to: (1) Validate the effectiveness of the proposed anti-islanding schemes; (2) Conduct parametric evaluation of the schemes with respect to control settings and load conditions, including controller gains, load power levels, and load quality factors; and (3) Examine the ability of the distributed resource to ride through a low-voltage condition on the utility grid.

  8. U.S. Navy - San Clemente Island, California | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    San Clemente Island, California U.S. Navy - San Clemente Island, California Photo of Wind Turbine on San Clemente Island, California San Clemente Island is one of the Channel...

  9. Geographic and Temporal Variability of Middle Holocene Red Abalone Middens on San Miguel Island, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braje, Todd J

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    survey of the south coast of San Miguel Island as part of Chaimel Islands National Park's cultural resource management plan (

  10. A Distributed Generation Control Architecture for Islanded AC Microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dominguez-Garcia, Alejandro

    1 A Distributed Generation Control Architecture for Islanded AC Microgrids Stanton T. Cady, Student architecture for generation control in islanded microgrids, and illustrate the performance Member, IEEE Abstract In this paper, we propose a distributed architecture for generation control

  11. The UNIVERSITY OF DELAWARE The Canary Islands Health Care Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    The UNIVERSITY OF DELAWARE and the Present The Canary Islands Health Care Systems 3 week internship to the local community in the Canary Islands by teaching English to the local residents or volunteering

  12. Global isotopic signatures of oceanic island basalts / by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oschmann, Lynn A

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sr, Nd and Pb isotopic analyses of 477 samples representing 30 islands or island groups, 3 seamounts or seamount chains, 2 oceanic ridges and 1 oceanic plateau [for a total of 36 geographic features] are compiled to form ...

  13. andres island school: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Solar School Program in Reunion Island Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: system efficiency. In Runion Island, the industrial engineering laboratory is involved in the...

  14. Community Economic Development Business Program (Prince Edward Island, Canada)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Community Economic Development Business (CEDB) program has been created as part of the Prince Edward Island Rural Action Plan to support local investment in innovative Prince Edward Island...

  15. Perceptions of nature in the Caribbean island of Dominica 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yarde, Therese Natalie

    2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The Commonwealth of Dominica has acquired a reputation as the nature island of the Caribbean. This thesis sets out to explore how Dominicans perceive and relate to nature in their nature island. It considers these perceptions ...

  16. Onondaga-Bass Island trend - salt detachment structure in western New York

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patenaude, M.W.; Beardsley, R.W.; Campbell, R.C.

    1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oil and gas production has been established in the Devonian Onondaga-Silurian Bass Islands stratigraphic section in Chautauque County, New York. The known productive trend is approximately 1.5 mi wide and 30 mi long and strikes northeast-southwest across central Chautauqua County, encompassing over 30,000 ac. This structural feature has been coined the Bass Islands trend. The trend is a complex, multiple horst-graben feature, characterized by high-angle reverse faults associated with a Salina B salt decollement. Over 200 mi of seismic records have been used to delineate the trend. The high-angle reverse fault or fracture zones within the Onondaga-Bass Islands stratigraphic section are the exclusive reservoirs. The productive section is capped by the Devonian Hamilton shales and sealed at the base by the Salina G anhydrite. Nearly 300 wells have been drilled on the structure with 38% having producible capabilities. Some producible wells have been encountered with natural flows and others have been stimulated with varying results. Completion attempts and production efforts have been complicated by the very high oil-paraffin content and the high dissolved solids content of the formation brine. Present development activity in the Onondaga-Bass Islands trend has lessened due to the present market conditions and newly proposed drilling and production regulations by New York State, specifically for the Bass Island trend. Operators are using this slowdown to collect reservoir and production data, evaluate completion and production techniques, observe stimulation effects, and plan future development.

  17. Genomic islands predict functional adaptation in marine actinobacteria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penn, Kevin

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ecological adaptations among bacterial populations have been linked to genomic islands, strain-specific regions of DNA that house

  18. United States Virgin Islands: St. Thomas (Bovoni) & St. Croix (Longford)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Roberts, O.; Andreas, A.

    Two measurement stations to collect wind data to support future wind power generation in the U.S. Virgin Islands.

  19. Surface Urban Heat Island Across 419 Global Big Cities Shushi Peng,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myneni, Ranga B.

    aspects of human impacts on the earth system. Here we assess the diurnal and seasonal variation of surface of human impact on the earth system.1 It is well-known that urban centers experience higher temperatures-11 this urban heat island effect has gained in importance.3,4 In the context of global warming it has been

  20. New constraints on the Slate Islands impact structure, Ontario, Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrick, Robert R.

    New constraints on the Slate Islands impact structure, Ontario, Canada Virgil L. Sharpton Lunar, Canada John Scott ABSTRACT The Slate Islands in northern Lake Superior represent the eroded remains constrained. INTRODUCTION The Slate Islands are an 7-km-wide archipelago located in northern Lake Superior 10

  1. Stomach contents of cetaceans stranded in the Canary Islands 19962006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Graham

    Stomach contents of cetaceans stranded in the Canary Islands 1996­2006 r. fernandez1 , m.b. santos2, Kogiidae and Ziphiidae, stranded between 1996 and 2006 in the Canary Islands. Cephalopod mandibles (beaks teuthophagous whales. Keywords: feeding, Canary Islands, cetaceans, cephalopods, plastic Submitted 5 August 2008

  2. ORIGINAL PAPER Bird pollination of Canary Island endemic plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northampton, University of

    ORIGINAL PAPER Bird pollination of Canary Island endemic plants Jeff Ollerton & Louise Cranmer /Accepted: 29 September 2008 # Springer-Verlag 2008 Abstract The Canary Islands are home to a guild Bird vision . Canary Islands . Mutualism . Pollinator. Tenerife Introduction The endemic flora

  3. SysBioMed Canary Islands Cancer Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timmer, Jens

    SysBioMed Canary Islands Cancer Research Institute Winter School on Systems Biology for Medical Applications 27th February ­ 2nd March 2007 Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife (Canary Islands) Supported by the European Commission (FP6 projects COSBICS and SysBioMed) and the Canary Islands Institute for Cancer

  4. The Urban Heat Island: Linking Science, Society, and Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    The Urban Heat Island: Linking Science, Society, and Technology Living in the desert has always much heat. As Phoenix has grown, the natural environment has been transformed from native desert: · Investigate the Urban Heat Island phenomenon · Explore the impact of the Urban Heat Island on people and other

  5. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA August 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA August 2008 Prepared for Massachusetts 2008 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site in Boston this maintenance. Monthly Data Time Series Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island for the month

  6. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA January 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA January 2008 Prepared for Massachusetts for January 2008 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island for the month of January 2008, at the highest anemometer height

  7. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA February 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA February 2007 Prepared for Massachusetts for February 2007 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site speed at Thompson Island for the month of February 2007, at the highest anemometer height of 40 m. #12;

  8. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA October 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA October 2007 Prepared for Massachusetts for October 2007 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site speed at Thompson Island for the month of October 2007, at the highest anemometer height of 40 m. #12;

  9. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA Prepared for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA July 2006 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site in Boston Harbor, MA the next service visit. Monthly Data Time Series Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island

  10. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA November 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA November 2008 Prepared for Massachusetts for November 2008 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island for the month of November 2008, at the highest anemometer height

  11. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA November 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA November 2006 Prepared for Massachusetts for November 2006 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site speed at Thompson Island for the month of November 2006, at the highest anemometer height of 40 m

  12. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA Prepared for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA March 2007 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site in Boston Harbor, MA speed at Thompson Island for the month of March 2007, at the highest anemometer height of 40 m. #12;

  13. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA Prepared for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA May 2008 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site in Boston Harbor, MA, at 42° 18 below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island for the month of May 2008, at the highest anemometer

  14. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA November 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA November 2007 Prepared for Massachusetts for November 2007 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site Data Time Series Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island for the month of November 2007

  15. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA Prepared for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA May 2006 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site in Boston Harbor, MA the next site visit. · Monthly Data Time Series Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island

  16. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA Prepared for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA March 2006 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site in Boston Harbor, MA the spring of 2006. · Monthly Data Time Series Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island

  17. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA December 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA December 2007 Prepared for Massachusetts for December 2007 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site. Monthly Data Time Series Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island for the month of December

  18. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA January 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA January 2007 Prepared for Massachusetts for January 2007 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site speed at Thompson Island for the month of January 2007, at the highest anemometer height of 40 m. #12;

  19. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA December 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA December 2008 Prepared for Massachusetts for December 2008 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island for the month of December 2008, at the highest anemometer height

  20. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA Prepared for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA July 2007 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site in Boston Harbor, MA speed at Thompson Island for the month of July 2007, at the highest anemometer height of 40 m. #12;

  1. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA Prepared for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA June 2008 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site in Boston Harbor, MA to the sensor cables. Monthly Data Time Series Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island

  2. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA Prepared for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA April 2007 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site in Boston Harbor, MA speed at Thompson Island for the month of April 2007, at the highest anemometer height of 40 m. #12;

  3. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA October 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA October 2006 Prepared for Massachusetts for October 2006 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site speed at Thompson Island for the month of October 2006, at the highest anemometer height of 40 m

  4. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA September 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA September 2006 Prepared for Massachusetts for September 2006 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site speed at Thompson Island for the month of September 2006, at the highest anemometer height of 40 m

  5. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA August 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA August 2006 Prepared for Massachusetts for August 2006 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island for the month of August 2006, at the highest

  6. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA September 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA September 2007 Prepared for Massachusetts for September 2007 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site speed at Thompson Island for the month of September 2007, at the highest anemometer height of 40 m. #12;

  7. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA Prepared for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA June 2006 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site in Boston Harbor, MA the next service visit. · Monthly Data Time Series Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island

  8. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA February 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA February 2006 Prepared for Massachusetts for February 2006 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site of 2006. · Monthly Data Time Series Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island for the month

  9. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA October 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA October 2008 Prepared for Massachusetts for October 2008 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site issues arose this month. Monthly Data Time Series Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island

  10. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA Prepared for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA April 2006 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site in Boston Harbor, MA the next service visit. · Monthly Data Time Series Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island

  11. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA Prepared for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA June 2007 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site in Boston Harbor, MA speed at Thompson Island for the month of June 2007, at the highest anemometer height of 40 m. #12;

  12. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA August 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA August 2007 Prepared for Massachusetts 2007 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site in Boston Time Series Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island for the month of August 2007

  13. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA September 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA September 2008 Prepared for Massachusetts for September 2008 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site issues arose this month. Monthly Data Time Series Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island

  14. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA Prepared for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA March 2008 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site in Boston Harbor, MA is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island for the month of March 2008, at the highest anemometer height

  15. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA December 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA December 2006 Prepared for Massachusetts for December 2006 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site speed at Thompson Island for the month of December 2006, at the highest anemometer height of 40 m

  16. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA January 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA January 2006 Prepared for Massachusetts for January 2006 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site. · Monthly Data Time Series Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island for the month of January

  17. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA Prepared for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA July 2008 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site in Boston Harbor, MA to the sensor cables. Monthly Data Time Series Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island

  18. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA Prepared for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA May 2007 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site in Boston Harbor, MA, at 42° 18 speed at Thompson Island for the month of May 2007, at the highest anemometer height of 40 m. #12;

  19. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA February 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA February 2008 Prepared for Massachusetts for February 2008 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island for the month of February 2008, at the highest anemometer height

  20. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA Prepared for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA July 2005 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site in Boston Harbor, MA Series #12;Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson Island for the month of July 2005

  1. Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and the islands' geology. Rain water harvesting is required by law and serves as the principal water sourceVirgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2009 Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2009 1 #12;Introduction The U. S. Virgin

  2. Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    always been a major concern in these small volcanic islands where rain water harvesting, ground waterVirgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2007 Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2007 1 #12;Introduction The United States

  3. Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    areas. In the U. S. Virgin Islands rain water harvesting and seawater desalination are the principalVirgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2005 Introduction The Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute (VI-WRRI) is located at the University of the Virgin

  4. Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    water harvesting are the principal sources of fresh water. Ground water supplies are very limited. WaterVirgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2008 Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2008 1 #12;Introduction The Virgin Islands

  5. Marine Iguanas Older Than Their Islands Jeff Mitton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitton, Jeffry B.

    Marine Iguanas Older Than Their Islands Jeff Mitton Natural Selections (Appeared in the Boulder Camera, December 11, 2009) The Galapagos Islands ride on the Nazca plate, a tectonic plate drifting toward Ecuador at the rate of one and a half inches per year. But the Galapagos Islands will never reach

  6. Energy Vulnerability Assessment for the US Pacific Islands. Technical Appendix 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fesharaki, F.; Rizer, J.P.; Greer, L.S.

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study, Energy Vulnerability Assessment of the US Pacific Islands, was mandated by the Congress of the United States as stated in House Resolution 776-220 of 1992, Section 1406. The resolution states that the US Secretary of Energy shall conduct a study of the implications of the unique vulnerabilities of the insular areas to an oil supply disruption. Such study shall outline how the insular areas shall gain access to vital oil supplies during times of national emergency. The resolution defines insular areas as the US Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and Palau. The US Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico are not included in this report. The US Department of Energy (USDOE) has broadened the scope of the study contained in the House Resolution to include emergency preparedness and response strategies which would reduce vulnerability to an oil supply disruption as well as steps to ameliorate adverse economic consequences. This includes a review of alternative energy technologies with respect to their potential for reducing dependence on imported petroleum. USDOE has outlined the four tasks of the energy vulnerability assessment as the following: (1) for each island, determine crude oil and refined product demand/supply, and characterize energy and economic infrastructure; (2) forecast global and regional oil trade flow patterns, energy demand/supply, and economic activities; (3) formulate oil supply disruption scenarios and ascertain the general and unique vulnerabilities of these islands to oil supply disruptions; and (4) outline emergency preparedness and response options to secure oil supplies in the short run, and reduce dependence on imported oil in the longer term.

  7. Energy Transition Initiative: Islands Playbook (Book)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Island Energy Playbook (the Playbook) provides an action-oriented guide to successfully initiating, planning, and completing a transition to an energy system that primarily relies on local resources to eliminate a dependence on one or two imported fuels. It is intended to serve as a readily available framework that any community can adapt to organize its own energy transition effort.

  8. Storage conditions and eruptive dynamics of central versus flank eruptions in volcanic islands: the case of Tenerife (Canary Islands,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    : the case of Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain) Joan Andújara,* , Fidel Costab , Bruno Scailleta a. Université1 Storage conditions and eruptive dynamics of central versus flank eruptions in volcanic islands eruptions (ca. 1 km3 ) of the Teide-Pico Viejo complex (Tenerife Island). Combined with previous

  9. Within-island differentiation and between-island homogeneity: non-equilibrium population structure in the seaweed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the seaweed Cladophoropsis membranacea (Chlorophyta) in the Canary Islands HAN J. VAN DER STRATE1, 2 , LOUIS stone model at larger spatial scales. In the present survey, 23 sites were sampled in the Canary Islands among the Canary Islands regardless of how geographic distances were computed. Only when the Canary

  10. US Army Corps of Engineers Caribbean Islands Region Version 2.0 WETLAND DETERMINATION DATA FORM Caribbean Islands Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    US Army Corps of Engineers Caribbean Islands Region ­ Version 2.0 WETLAND DETERMINATION DATA FORM ­ Caribbean Islands Region Project/Site: Municipality/Town: Sampling Date: Applicant/Owner: PR or USVI or problematic. Hydrophytic Vegetation Present? Yes No Remarks: #12;US Army Corps of Engineers Caribbean Islands

  11. Evaluation of dredged material proposed for ocean disposal from South Brother Island Channel, New York

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barrows, E.S.; Gardiner, W.W.; Antrim, L.D.; Gruendell, B.D.; Word, J.Q.; Tokos, J.J.S. [Battelle Marine Sciences Laboratory, Sequim, Washington (United States)

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    South Brother Island Channel was one of seven waterways that the US Army Crops of Engineers-New York District requested the Battelle/Marine Sciences Laboratory to sample and evaluate for dredging and disposal. Tests and analyses were conducted on South Brother Island Channel sediment core samples and evaluations were performed. The evaluation of proposed dredged material from South Brother Island Channel included bulk sediment chemical analyses, chemical analyses of site water and elutriate, water-column and benthic acute toxicity tests, and bioaccumulation studies. Individual sediment core samples collected from Souther Brother Island Channel were analyzed for grain size, moisture content, and total organic carbon. a composite sediment sample, representing the entire area proposed for dredging, was analyzed for bulk density, specific gravity, metals, chlorinated pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyl congers, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, and 1,4- dichlorobenzene. Site water and elutriate water, prepared from the suspended-particle phase of South Brother Island Channel sediment, were analyzed for metals, pesticides, and PCBs.

  12. An integrated assessment of electric power resource options in the US Virgin Islands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, L.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Chronowski, R.A. [Alternative Energy Development, Inc., Silver Springs, MD (United States); Shapiro, A.M. [Vermont Energy Investment Corp., Burlington, VT (United States)

    1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As with other island-based, insular power systems, the avoided cost of power for the Water and Power Authority (WAPA) of the US Virgin Islands (USVI) is high relative to that of US mainland electric utilities. First, the need to produce potable water requires that WAPA`s electric generating system operate at efficiency levels lower than would result in the absence of the need to jointly produce water and power. Second, the inability to purchase power from neighboring utilities necessitates higher reserve margins. These two operating conditions suggest that integrated resource planning (IRP) should be especially attractive to WAPA. IRP is a planning paradigm that gives electric utilities more options to choose from when making resource selections and, therefore, generally results in lower costs. Utilities look to the demand side as a source of resources--i.e., demand side management (DSM)--in this planning process. They then select the least-cost mix of resource options. In this study, we take the first steps toward implementing an IRP process in the USVI. Using its existing resource base and the supply and DSM options that it has in the future, we simulated WAPA`s resource selection process over a 20-year planning horizon using SafePlan, an IRP planning model. The results suggest that WAPA can significantly reduce its cost of providing electricity by implementing DSM programs. The cost of generating electricity and the amount of kWh needed can be reduced nearly nine percent by implementing cost-effective DSM programs. Cost and kWh savings are greater under less favorable assumptions about (1) the input costs for generating electricity and (2) other conditions that WAPA will confront in the future. The results also indicate that DSM programs targeted at the residential sector can save, 500 gallons of water annually for participants in the program.

  13. Development of a Conceptual Chum Salmon Emergence Model for Ives Island

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murray, Christopher J.; Geist, David R.; Arntzen, Evan V.; Bott, Yi-Ju; Nabelek, Marc A.

    2011-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the study described herein was to develop a conceptual model of chum salmon emergence that was based on empirical water temperature of the riverbed and river in specific locations where chum salmon spawn in the Ives Island area. The conceptual model was developed using water temperature data that have been collected in the past and are currently being collected in the Ives Island area. The model will be useful to system operators who need to estimate the complete distribution of chum salmon emergence (first emergence through final emergence) in order to balance chum salmon redd protection and power system operation.

  14. Marsh, mudflat and tidal creek assessment Cumberland Island National Seashore. Kings Bay Environmental Monitoring Program cumberland island national seashore. Technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakashima, L.D.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The project was designed to determine whether backbarrier dredging for the Kings Bay Naval Base is affecting marsh habitat sustainability on Cumberland Island. Research was predicated on the hypothesis that if the operation is indeed exerting an influence on Cumberland Island, it will most likely be first perceived in the effect it has on the rates of supply and delivery of sediments to the marshes and mudflats. The authors located three comparable sites, which experience a different level of exposure to the effects of dredging. Second, we initiated a time-series of marsh/mudflat sedimentation measurements, which are expected to be continued in future years. Finally, we compared six different methods for monitoring sedimentation, all of which are currently in practice.

  15. Intramolecular Isotope Effects for the Study of Reactions with MassTransfer Limitations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Joshua G.

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The research presented provides a method to use the comparison of intermolecular isotope effects vs. the intramolecular isotope effects for the study of reactions in which study of the rate limiting step is ambiguous due to interfering mass transfer...

  16. HEAT ISLAND OF SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS DETECTED BY MODIS/AQUA TEMPERATURE PRODUCT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at San Antonio, University of

    by Chudnovsky et al. (2004) suggests that the best remote sensing for urban heat environment study shouldHEAT ISLAND OF SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS DETECTED BY MODIS/AQUA TEMPERATURE PRODUCT Hongjie Xie, Huade Guan, and Sandra Ytuarte Laboratory for Remote Sensing and Geoinformatics Department of Earth

  17. Development of Regional Wind Resource and Wind Plant Output Datasets for the Hawaiian Islands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manobianco, J.; Alonge, C.; Frank, J.; Brower, M.

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In March 2009, AWS Truepower was engaged by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to develop a set of wind resource and plant output data for the Hawaiian Islands. The objective of this project was to expand the methods and techniques employed in the Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study (EWITS) to include the state of Hawaii.

  18. Case Study of Undrained Strength Stability Analysis for Dredged Material Placement Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Case Study of Undrained Strength Stability Analysis for Dredged Material Placement Areas Timothy D perimeter dike at the Craney Island Dredged Material Management Area CIDMMA using an undrained strength of the effective overburden stress of the dredged material and the marine clay underlying the dike. An undrained

  19. A study on the effects of central prostaglandin E? infusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valigura, Thomas Joe

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pressor, heart rate, and colonic temperature effects of ICV PGE2 infusions in control and 2 mg/kg IV phenoxybenzamine treated rats 17 Rectal temperature and oxygen consumption effects of ICV infusion of PGE2 ~ 19 Blood pressure, heart rate, rectal... and other investigators have shown PGE~ to be the most potent vasodepressor agent of the group of prostaglandins. 2?~? The cardiovascular effects of PGEI, as shown by Bergstrom? Garison and Oro? and Burton? suggest that PGEI lowers systemic blood...

  20. A Statistical Model of Magnetic Islands in a Large Current Layer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fermo, R L; Swisdak, M

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop a statistical model describing the dynamics of magnetic islands in very large current layers that develop in space plasma. Two parameters characterize the island distribution: the flux contained in the island and the area it encloses. We derive an integro-differential evolution equation for this distribution function, based on rules that govern the small-scale generation of secondary islands, the rates of island growth, and island merging. Our numerical solutions of this equation produce island distributions relevant to the magnetosphere and corona. We also derive and analytically solve a differential equation for large islands that explicitly shows the role merging plays in island growth.

  1. First regional super ESPC a success on Kodiak Island, Alaska

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Epstein, K.

    2000-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The Coast Guard military base on Kodiak Island, Alaska, is the largest Coast Guard base in the world. By taking a leadership role in a pilot program to streamline Federal financing and procurement for energy saving projects, the Coast Guard is saving more than $220,000 a year in energy costs at this base. Using the Super ESPC (Energy Savings Performance Contracting) program, the Coast Guard was able to quickly contract with an experienced contractor with energy savings expertise. Working with ERI, one of FEMP's (Federal Energy Management Program) approved energy services contractors, the Coast Guard determined areas of potential energy savings and designed a retrofit to upgrade inefficient equipment and infrastructure. When energy-efficient modifications are complete, the base will be 30% more cost effective.

  2. Harbour Island: The Comparative Archaeology of a Maritime Community 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatch, Heather E

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Marie Neilly and the Westley Methodist Church of Harbour Island, Pat Barry, Jeremy Clark, and Wade Higgs and Brenda Clark Higgs. Many others in the community also provided support and encouragement, and I am deeply grateful to them as well. v I... Street Higgs House (DHH)???????????????????... 154 Maritime Cultural Landscape of Harbour Island?????????????... 157 Summary????????????????????????????? 162 CHAPTER VI PATTERNS OF CULTURE AT HARBOUR ISLAND ...................... 163 Kitchen Group...

  3. Small-scale magnetic islands in the solar wind and their role in particle acceleration. Part 1: Dynamics of magnetic islands near the heliospheric current sheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khabarova, O; Li, G; Roux, J A le; Webb, G M; Dosch, A; Malandraki, O E

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Increases of ion fluxes in the keV-MeV range are sometimes observed near the heliospheric current sheet (HCS) during periods when other sources are absent. These resemble solar energetic particle (SEP) events, but the events are weaker and apparently local. Conventional explanations based on either shock acceleration of charged particles or particle acceleration due to magnetic reconnection at interplanetary current sheets are not persuasive. We suggest instead that recurrent magnetic reconnection occurs at the HCS and smaller current sheets in the solar wind (Zharkova & Khabarova 2012), of which a consequence is particle energization by the dynamically evolving secondary current sheets and magnetic islands (Zank et al. 2014; Drake et al. 2006a). The effectiveness of the trapping and acceleration process associated with magnetic islands depends in part on the topology of the HCS. We show that the HCS possesses ripples superimposed on the large-scale flat or wavy structure. We conjecture that the ripples c...

  4. Effective velocities in fractured media: a numerical study using the ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2002-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    theories that predict the effective P- and S-wave velocities in fractured materials in ... can be treated only by numerical techniques because analyt- ... apply the rotated staggered grid (Saenger, Gold and Shapiro ..... (r ? 0:2) and for SH-

  5. Shrink fit effects on rotordynamic stability: experimental and theoretical study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jafri, Syed Muhammad Mohsin

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation presents an experimental and theoretical study of subsynchronous rotordynamic instability in rotors caused by interference and shrink fit interfaces. The experimental studies show the presence of strong unstable subsynchronous...

  6. antilles island arc: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The morphology of the underthrust oceanic crust controls the mag matic activity of the island arc, and particularly the development, in space and time, of "arc compartments." Denis...

  7. Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands Initial Technical Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baring-Gould, I.; Hunsberger, R.; Visser, C.; Voss, P.

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is an initial energy assessment for the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), the first of many steps in developing a comprehensive energy strategy.

  8. Energy Office Grant Helps the Virgin Islands Environmental Resource...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Office Grant Helps the Virgin Islands Environmental Resource Station Install Solar Panels, Improve Efficiency, and Cut Monthly Energy Use Nearly 30% Energy Office Grant Helps the...

  9. National Park Service - San Miguel Island, California | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Islands National Park by conserving, recycling, using alternative fuel vehicles, applying renewable energy, and using resources wisely. It also seeks to replace conventional fuels...

  10. U.S. Virgin Islands Leadership Embraces Inclusiveness to Ensure...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Leadership Embraces Inclusiveness to Ensure Community Ownership of Clean Energy Vision U.S. Virgin Islands Leadership Embraces Inclusiveness to Ensure Community Ownership of Clean...

  11. Validation in Genomics: CpG Island Methylation Revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segal, Mark R

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    analysis. In: Functional Genomics: Methods and Protocols, M.Segal: Validation in Genomics: CpG Island Methylationpackage and applications to genomics. Bioinformatics and

  12. ,"Grand Island, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada ...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Grand Island,...

  13. Long Island Power Authority- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Long Island Power Authority offers a variety of incentives for its non-residential customers to increase the energy efficiency of facilities through the Commercial Efficiency Program. Major...

  14. Radiative Effects of Dust Aerosols, Natural Cirrus Clouds and Contrails: Broadband Optical Properties and Sensitivity Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi, Bingqi

    2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation aims to study the broadband optical properties and radiative effects of dust aerosols and ice clouds. It covers three main topics: the uncertainty of dust optical properties and radiative effects from the dust particle shape...

  15. Effects of Local Adaptation of Invasion Success: A Case Study of Rhithropanopeus harrisii

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyle, Terrence Michael

    2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    for shelter at high densities and therefore warrant management in order to reduce their effect. This study indicates a need for the invasion models to take the source population into account in order to ensure effective and prudent management strategies....

  16. Radiative Effects of Dust Aerosols, Natural Cirrus Clouds and Contrails: Broadband Optical Properties and Sensitivity Studies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi, Bingqi

    2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation aims to study the broadband optical properties and radiative effects of dust aerosols and ice clouds. It covers three main topics: the uncertainty of dust optical properties and radiative effects from the dust particle shape...

  17. Computational study of radiation damage and impurity effects in iron based alloys 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galloway, Graham

    2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Molecular dynamics techniques are used to explore metals at an atomic level. The focus of the studies is the effects of irradiation on a metallic system. Ion surface bombardment effects, bulk cascades and interaction ...

  18. History on Mona Island: Long-term human and landscape dynamics of an 'uninhabited' island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samson, Alice V. M.; Cooper, Jago

    2015-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    largely concerned with Mona’s oscillating position with respect to either one of its larger island neighbors, Puerto Rico, and the Dominican Republic/Republic of Haiti. Its archaeology has been used as a barometer to test the weather of the cultural...

  19. opinion: Political erosion dismantles the conservation network existing in the Canary Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández?Palacios, José María; de Nascimento, Lea

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    seagrass meadows in the Canary Islands: a mul? tiscaled genetic diversity in the  Canary  Islands:  A  conservation synthesis for the Canary Islands.   Trends in Ecology and 

  20. U.S. Virgin Islands- Renewable Energy Feed-in-Tariff

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    There is a 10 MW limit for aggregate production via feed-in-tariff contracts on the islands of St. Thomas, St. John, Water Island, and other offshore keys and islands and a similar 5 MW limit for...

  1. Pacific Island Energy Snapshots | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2:Introduction toManagementOPAM5 Accretion-of-DutiesPROPERTY3-0127 - In thePacific Island

  2. Fox Islands Wind Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489Information HydroFontana,datasetWind Farm JumpPhaseIslands

  3. Interconnecting gold islands with DNA origami

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes | National Nuclear SecurityIntellectualInterconnecting gold islands

  4. MWRA Deer Island Wind | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose Bend < MHKconverter <WAG BuoyYOG <MP2MWRA Deer Island Wind

  5. Grey Island Energy Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG ContractingGreenOrderNebraska: EnergyStrategy | OpenGreshamGrey Island

  6. Block Island Power Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher HomesLyonsBirchBlock Island Power Co Jump to:

  7. Block Island Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher HomesLyonsBirchBlock Island Power Co Jump

  8. Kauai Island Utility Cooperative | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou New Energy CoKERAFOLKarlsruheKauai Island Utility

  9. Long Island Power Authority | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin ZhongdiantouLichuan CityLiqcrytechLong Island Power Authority

  10. Falkland Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 NoEurope BV Jump to:FASFMI-HDFRED TypeFairlawn,Falkland Islands:

  11. Localized Si enrichment in coherent self-assembled Ge islands grown by molecular beam epitaxy on (001)Si single crystal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Valvo, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita di Catania, Via S. Sofia 64, I-95127 Catania (Italy); Bongiorno, C.; Giannazzo, F. [IMM-CNR, VIII strada 5, 95121 Catania (Italy); Terrasi, A. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita di Catania, Via S. Sofia 64, I-95127 Catania (Italy); MATIS IMM-CNR UOS Catania (Universita), via S. Sofia 64, 95123 Catania (Italy)

    2013-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), atomic force microscopy, and Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS) have been used to investigate the morphology, structure, and composition of self-assembled Ge islands grown on Si (001) substrates by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) at different temperatures. Increasing the temperature from 550 Degree-Sign C to 700 Degree-Sign C causes progressive size and shape uniformity, accompanied by enhanced Si-Ge intermixing within the islands and their wetting layer. Elemental maps obtained by energy filtered-TEM (EF-TEM) clearly show pronounced Si concentration not only in correspondence of island base perimeters, but also along their curved surface boundaries. This phenomenon is strengthened by an increase of the growth temperature, being practically negligible at 550 Degree-Sign C, while very remarkable already at 650 Degree-Sign C. The resulting island shape is affected, since this localized Si enrichment not only provides strain relief near their highly stressed base perimeters but it also influences the cluster surface energy by effective alloying, so as to form Si-enriched SiGe interfaces. Further increase to 700 Degree-Sign C causes a shape transition where more homogenous Si-Ge concentration profiles are observed. The crucial role played by local 'flattened' alloyed clusters, similar to truncated pyramids with larger bases and enhanced Si enrichment at coherently stressed interfaces, has been further clarified by EF-TEM analysis of a multi-layered Ge/Si structure containing stacked Ge islands grown at 650 Degree-Sign C. Sharp accumulation of Si has been here observed not only in proximity of the uncapped island surface in the topmost layer but also at the buried Ge/Si interfaces and even in the core of such capped Ge islands.

  12. A numerical study of orographic effects on moist convection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Robert Doyle

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    based on a typical synoptic situation across the mountain range of northern Honshu, Japan. Wind shear, stability~ and moisture were varied from the basic situation to observe the effects of induced vertical motion on the different clouds which formed... forecaster in Japan. Convective systems were noted as they crossed the Sea oi' Japan and changes to these systems ovserved as they crossed the mountain ranges of Japan. Some convective systems would move across the Sea of Japan caus1ng consecutive reports...

  13. anti-islanding method based: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Page Topic Index 1 Hybrid Anti-Islanding Algorithm for Utility Interconnection of Distributed Generation CiteSeer Summary: Abstract- In this paper hybrid anti-islanding...

  14. Proceedings of the Sixth California Islands Symposium, Ventura, California, December 1 3, 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Whendee

    Proceedings of the Sixth California Islands Symposium, Ventura, California, December 1 ­ 3, 2003 of the Sixth California Islands Symposium, Ventura, California, December 1 ­ 3, 2003. National Park Service

  15. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA September 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA September 2005 Prepared for Massachusetts for September 2005 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site no maintenance issues to report. Monthly Data Time Series #12;Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson

  16. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA Prepared for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA April 2008 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site in Boston Harbor, MA to this report if and when this happens. Monthly Data Time Series Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson

  17. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA November 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA November 2005 Prepared for Massachusetts for November 2005 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site during the spring of 2006. Monthly Data Time Series Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson

  18. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA August 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA August 2005 Prepared for Massachusetts for August 2005 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site no maintenance issues to report. Monthly Data Time Series #12;Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson

  19. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA December 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA December 2005 Prepared for Massachusetts for December 2005 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site during the spring of 2006. Monthly Data Time Series Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson

  20. Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA October 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Update for Thompson Island, Boston Harbor, MA October 2005 Prepared for Massachusetts for October 2005 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site no maintenance issues to report. #12;Monthly Data Time Series Seen below is a graph of wind speed at Thompson

  1. Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the few places in the world where rain water harvesting is required by law. Buildings are constructed and quality issues of water harvesting, development of alternative on-site sewage disposal systems and nonVirgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2013 Virgin Islands

  2. Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , rain water harvesting has been a principal source of potable water for the residents of the USVI such as rain water harvesting, alternative on-site sewage disposal systems and investigation of applicableVirgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2010 Virgin Islands

  3. Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Historically, rain water harvesting has been a principal source of potable water for the residents of the USVI such as rain water harvesting, alternative on-site sewage disposal systems and investigation of applicableVirgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2011 Virgin Islands

  4. Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    harvesting had been a principal source of potable water for the residents of the USVI with some reliance such as rain water harvesting, development of alternative on-site sewage disposal systems and investigationVirgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2012 Virgin Islands

  5. Hierarchical Control Scheme for Voltage Unbalance Compensation in Islanded Microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    Hierarchical Control Scheme for Voltage Unbalance Compensation in Islanded Microgrids Mehdi@et.aau.dk Abstract-- The concept of microgrid hierarchical control is presented, recently. In this paper, a hierarchical scheme which includes primary and secondary control levels is proposed for islanded microgrids

  6. Introduction The island of Hispaniola has reduced its malaria burden,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klein, Ophir

    Introduction The island of Hispaniola has reduced its malaria burden, with parasite prevalence feasible. The risk of imported malaria cases to the island of Hispaniola appears extremely low, e.g., fewer than 10 infections were imported from outside Hispaniola to the Dominican Republic in 2012. Based

  7. Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the biological contamination of waters that have been used for the last 100 years have been shown to lack certainVirgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2000 Introduction The Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute (WRRI) is a unit of the University of the Virgin

  8. Wind resource assessment: San Nicolas Island, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKenna, E. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Olsen, T.L. [Timothy L. Olsen Consulting, (United States)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    San Nicolas Island (SNI) is the site of the Navy Range Instrumentation Test Site which relies on an isolated diesel-powered grid for its energy needs. The island is located in the Pacific Ocean 85 miles southwest of Los Angeles, California and 65 miles south of the Naval Air Weapons Station (NAWS), Point Mugu, California. SNI is situated on the continental shelf at latitude N33{degree}14` and longitude W119{degree}27`. It is approximately 9 miles long and 3.6 miles wide and encompasses an area of 13,370 acres of land owned by the Navy in fee title. Winds on San Nicolas are prevailingly northwest and are strong most of the year. The average wind speed is 7.2 m/s (14 knots) and seasonal variation is small. The windiest months, March through July, have wind speeds averaging 8.2 m/s (16 knots). The least windy months, August through February, have wind speeds averaging 6.2 m/s (12 knots).

  9. A household carbon footprint calculator for islands: Case study of the United States Virgin Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    of California, 310 Barrows Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e i n f o Article history. Also, electricity and food are much larger contributors to total footprint than in the US. Results high in the cost and quality of electricity and transportation, and also impacts the provision of basic goods

  10. Rhode Island Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2009 IECC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) yields positive benefits for Rhode Island homeowners. Moving to the 2012 IECC from the 2009 IECC is cost effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Rhode Island homeowners will save $11,011 with the 2012 IECC. After accounting for upfront costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 1 year for the 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $629 for the 2012 IECC.

  11. Modeling Studies on Microbial Effects on Groundwater Chemistry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoshikatsu Tochigi; Hideki Yoshikawa; Mikazu Yui [Geological Isolation Research and Development Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 4-33 Muramatsu, Tokai-mura, 319-1194 (Japan)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall goal of this project is to develop a model to predict microbial effects on the performance of a high-level radioactive waste (HLW) repository. As a first step, the effects of microbes on groundwater chemistry have been evaluated with the numerical code 'MINT', using data collected from the borehole HDB-6 in the Horonobe underground research laboratory (URL) in Japan. The MINT code models biochemistry and geochemical equilibrium, with consideration of transport of solute and microbial activity. The MINT code simulates the activities of six major groups of microbes, classified by their metabolism as 'aerobic', 'denitrifying', 'manganese reducing', 'iron reducing', 'sulfate reducing' and 'methanogenic'. The specific activity of each of these groups will depend on the redox potential (Eh) of the groundwater. Sensitivity analyses were performed to investigate the consequences of changes in groundwater composition on the effects of microbial activity. This indicates that the activities of Sulfate Reducing Bacteria (SRB) and methanogens are relatively high. The concentration of dissolved methane produced by such microbial activity is seen to be influenced by sulfate concentration. Based on the observed data from Horonobe URL, the concentration in oxygen is relatively high and the activity of denitrifying bacteria is the highest of the major six groups of microbes. This can, however, be attributable to chemical / microbial contamination of the groundwater during sampling. The modeling results indicate that the concentration of dissolved oxygen and nitrate ion should be quickly reduced by microbial metabolism, reducing the redox potential to a level low enough for active methano-genesis to commence. Such assessment can be important to evaluate the reliability of sampling and measurement techniques for sensitive geochemical parameters in general - and microbiology in particular. (authors)

  12. Time-resolved photoluminescence from self-assembled Ge(Si) islands in multilayer SiGe/Si and SiGe/SOI structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yablonskiy, A. N., E-mail: yablonsk@ipm.sci-nnov.ru; Baidakova, N. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation); Novikov, A. V. [Lobachevskyi University of Nizhni Novgorod, Physical-Technical Research Institute (Russian Federation)] [Lobachevskyi University of Nizhni Novgorod, Physical-Technical Research Institute (Russian Federation); Lobanov, D. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation)

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of a study of the spectral and temporal characteristics of the photoluminescence (PL) from multilayer structures with self-assembled Ge(Si) islands grown on silicon and 'silicon-on-insulator' substrates in relation to temperature and the excitation-light wavelength are presented. A substantial increase in island-related PL intensity is observed for structures with Ge(Si) islands grown on silicon substrates upon an increase in temperature from 4 to 70 K. This increase is due to the diffusion of nonequilibrium carriers from the silicon substrate into the active layer with the islands. In this case, a slow component with a characteristic time of {approx}100 ns appears in the PL rise kinetics. At the same time, no slow component in the PL rise kinetics and no rise in the PL intensity with increasing temperature are observed for structures grown on 'silicon-on-insulator' substrates, in which the active layer with the islands is insulated from the silicon substrate. It is found that absorption of the excitation light in the islands and SiGe wetting layers mainly contributes to the excitation of the PL signal from the islands under sub-bandgap optical pump conditions.

  13. An iterative study of time independent induction effects in magnetohydrodynamics.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the magnetic Reynolds number, a strong limiting factor is the cost in power consumption P of 2 #12;the engines numerical approach to study magnetic induction in flows of an electrically conducting fluid submitted orders of the magnetic Reynolds number Rm. All electrical quantities such as potential, currents

  14. Cultural contributions to the island of St. John, United States Virgin Islands: underwater historical archaeology at Cruz Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marquez, Carmen M

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States Virgin Islands, St. Thomas, St. Croix and St. John, in the Lesser Antilles, were discovered by Christopher Columbus in November, 1493, on his second voyage. The islands were not revisited by the Spanish for over 57 years. During...

  15. Wave Power Resources off the Hawaiian Islands luisvega@hawaii.edu Wave Resources for Representative Sites Around the Hawaiian Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wave Power Resources off the Hawaiian Islands luisvega@hawaii.edu 1 Wave Resources for Representative Sites Around the Hawaiian Islands Table of Contents Summary p2 Background: Wave Power Conversion p3 Licensing and Permitting p3 Challenges and Barriers p4 Wave Power Resources: Previous Work p5 Wave

  16. Energy Development in Island Nations (EDIN), Partnering to Increase Island Energy Security Around the World (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet provides an overview of the international partnership for Energy Development in Island nations, including mission, goals, and organization. It also includes background on EDIN's three pilot projects: U.S. Virgin Islands, Iceland-Dominica Collaboration, and New Zealand-Geothermal Potential in the Pacific.

  17. CORTICAL BRAIN SURFACE MAPPING FOR STUDYING PARTIAL VOLUME EFFECTS IN BRAIN FDG PET IMAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Paul

    CORTICAL BRAIN SURFACE MAPPING FOR STUDYING PARTIAL VOLUME EFFECTS IN BRAIN FDG PET IMAGES Hillary PET images is confounded by tissue atrophy and partial volume effects, especially in patients-based cortical brain surface mapping technique to account for partial volume effects on brain FDG PET images

  18. Network learning effects of ISO 22000 standard implementation in a food SME: a case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Network learning effects of ISO 22000 standard implementation in a food SME: a case study Zam to a specific food SME case in order to test it and to identify the key network learning effects that occur will be especially targeted towards the strengthening of learning processes and effects between the SME

  19. Effective interactions and shell model studies of heavy tin isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. P. Kartamyshev; T. Engeland; M. Hjorth-Jensen; E. Osnes

    2006-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We present results from large-scale shell-model calculations of even and odd tin isotopes from 134Sn to 142}Sn with a shell-model space defined by the 1f7/2,2p3/2,0h9/2,2p1/2,1f5/2,0i13/2 single-particle orbits. An effective two-body interaction based on modern nucleon-nucleon interactions is employed. The shell-model results are in turn analyzed for their pairing content using a generalized seniority approach. Our results indicate that a pairing-model picture captures a great deal of the structure and the correlations of the lowest lying states for even and odd isotopes.

  20. Study of the Transition Effect with the ATLAS Tile Calorimeter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Budagov, Yu A; Khoriauli, G D; Khubua, J I; Kulchitskii, Yu A; Rusakovitch, N A; Tsiareshka, P V; Vinogradov, V B

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the aim to establish the electromagnetic energy scale of the ATLAS Tile calorimeter and understanding the performance of the calorimeter to electrons 12% of modules have been exposed in electron beams with various energies. On a basis of the obtained electromagnetic calibration constants we have determined the e/mip values in dependence of the absorber thickness using different beam incident angles. We have observed the transition effect (e/mip < 1) and, for the first time, its behaviour as a function of the absorber thickness --- the e/mip ratio decreases logarithmically when the absorber thickness increases this is well described by the GEANT4 version 6.2 Monte Carlo simulation. These results are important for precision electromagnetic energy scale determination for the ATLAS Tile calorimeter.

  1. Studying pion effects on the chiral phase transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. A. Mueller; C. S. Fischer

    2008-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the chiral phase transition at finite temperatures and zero chemical potential with Dyson-Schwinger equations. Our truncation for the quark-gluon interaction includes mesonic degrees of freedom, which allows us to study the impact of the pions on the nature of the phase transition. Within the present scheme we find a five percent change of the critical temperature due to the pion backreaction whereas the mean field character of the transition is not changed.

  2. The influence of a Si cap on self-organized SiGe islands and the underlying wetting layer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brehm, M.; Grydlik, M.; Groiss, H.; Hackl, F.; Schaeffler, F.; Fromherz, T.; Bauer, G. [Institut fuer Halbleiter -u. Festkoerperphysik, Universitaet Linz, A-4040 Linz (Austria)

    2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    For the prototypical SiGe/Si(001) Stranski-Krastanow (SK) growth system, the influence of intermixing caused by the deposition of a Si cap layer at temperatures T{sub cap} between 300 deg. C and 700 deg. C is studied both for the SiGe wetting layer (WL) and the SiGe islands. Systematic growth experiments were carried out with an ultrahigh resolution of down to 0.005 monolayers (ML) of deposited Ge. The properties of the samples were investigated via photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy (AFM), and transmission electron microscopy. We studied in detail the influence of T{sub cap} in the three main coverage regions of SiGe SK growth, which are (i) the WL build-up regime, (ii) the island nucleation regime, where most of the Ge is supplied via material transfer from the WL, and (iii) the saturation regime, where the WL thickness remains initially stable. At T{sub cap} = 300 deg. C, we found that both the WL and the island are essentially preserved in composition and shape, whereas at 500 deg. C the WL becomes heavily alloyed during capping, and at 700 deg. C the islands also become alloyed. At T{sub cap} = 500 deg. C we found enhanced WL intermixing in the presence of dome-shaped islands, whereas at T{sub cap} 700 deg. C the WL properties become dominated by the dissolution of pyramid-shaped islands upon capping. At Ge coverages above {approx_equal}6 ML, we found an unexpected thickening of the WL, almost independently of T{sub cap}. This finding suggests that the density and the volume of the dome-shaped islands have an upper limit, beyond which excess Ge from the external source again becomes incorporated into the WL. Finally, we compared PL spectra with AFM-based evaluations of the integral island volumes in order to determine in a straightforward manner the average composition of the SiGe islands.

  3. Hydrogen effects on stainless steel passive film fracture studied by nanoindentation , L.J. Qiao a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volinsky, Alex A.

    Letter Hydrogen effects on stainless steel passive film fracture studied by nanoindentation Y. Yao. Hydrogen absorption a b s t r a c t Hydrogen effects on the fracture stress of passive film formed on 316L stainless steel were studied by nanoindentation. Hydrogen accumulated primarily on the sample surface

  4. Trinity College isn't just a place for students and professors to study and learn ... it's also a treasure island in the middle of Dublin with lots of hidden corners to explore.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Mahony, Donal E.

    Trinity College isn't just a place for students and professors to study and learn ... it's also through 15 of Trinity's secret spots and earn the right to call yourself a "Citizen of Trinity". You can may be closed at some times. Going to College should always be this much fun! Trinity's Treasure Trail

  5. Study of fusion product effects in field-reversed mirrors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Driemeyer, D.E.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of fusion products (fps) on Field-Reversed Mirror (FRM) reactor concepts has been evaluated through the development of two new computer models. The first code (MCFRM) treats fps as test particles in a fixed background plasma, which is represented as a fluid. MCFRM includes a Monte Carlo treatment of Coulomb scattering and thus provides an accurate treatment of fp behavior even at lower energies where pitch-angle scattering becomes important. The second code (FRMOD) is a steady-state, globally averaged, two-fluid (ion and electron), point model of the FRM plasma that incorporates fp heating and ash buildup values which are consistent with the MCFRM calculations. These codes have been used extensively in the development of an advanced-fuel FRM reactor design (SAFFIRE). A Catalyzed-D version of the plant is also discussed along with an investigation of the steady-state energy distribution of fps in the FRM. User guides for the two computer codes are also included.

  6. Seismic stratigraphy and structure of the Barter Island sector of the Western Beaufort Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coffman, Jeffrey Dale

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) is currently motivating additional studies along the coastal region (Magoon and Bird, in press). The presence of the AN(JR along the coastal plain of the Barter Island sector has stopped the development of onshore drilling in the region. The geology of ANWR... Over the recent past, the interpretation of seismic data was strongly influenced by the publication of Payton (1977). The application of seismic stratigraphy with respect to sea level changes is not universally accepted and continues to be debated...

  7. Subduction Controls of Hf and Nd Isotopes in Lavas of the Aleutian Island Arc

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yogodzinski, Gene; Vervoort, Jeffery; Brown, Shaun Tyler; Gerseny, Megan

    2010-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hf and Nd isotopic compositions of 71 Quaternary lavas collected from locations along the full length of the Aleutian island arc are used to constrain the sources of Aleutian magmas and to provide insight into the geochemical behavior of Nd and Hf and related elements in the Aleutian subduction-magmatic system. Isotopic compositions of Aleutian lavas fall approximately at the center of, and form a trend parallel to, the terrestrial Hf-Nd isotopic array with {var_epsilon}{sub Hf} of +12.0 to +15.5 and {var_epsilon}{sub Nd} of +6.5 to +10.5. Basalts, andesites, and dacites within volcanic centers or in nearby volcanoes generally all have similar isotopic compositions, indicating that there is little measurable effect of crustal or other lithospheric assimilation within the volcanic plumbing systems of Aleutian volcanoes. Hafnium isotopic compositions have a clear pattern of along-arc increase that is continuous from the eastern-most locations near Cold Bay to Piip Seamount in the western-most part of the arc. This pattern is interpreted to reflect a westward decrease in the subducted sediment component present in Aleutian lavas, reflecting progressively lower rates of subduction westward as well as decreasing availability of trench sediment. Binary bulk mixing models (sediment + peridotite) demonstrate that 1-2% of the Hf in Aleutian lavas is derived from subducted sediment, indicating that Hf is mobilized out of the subducted sediment with an efficiency that is similar to that of Sr, Pb and Nd. Low published solubility for Hf and Nd in aqueous subduction fluids lead us to conclude that these elements are mobilized out of the subducted component and transferred to the mantle wedge as bulk sediment or as a silicate melt. Neodymium isotopes also generally increase from east to west, but the pattern is absent in the eastern third of the arc, where the sediment flux is high and increases from east to west, due to the presence of abundant terrigenous sediment in the trench east of the Amlia Fracture Zone, which is being subducting beneath the arc at Seguam Island. Mixing trends between mantle wedge and sediment end members become flatter in Hf-Nd isotope space at locations further west along the arc, indicating that the sediment end member in the west has either higher Nd/Hf or is more radiogenic in Hf compared to Nd. This pattern is interpreted to reflect an increase in pelagic clay relative to the terrigenous subducted sedimentary component westward along the arc. Results of this study imply that Hf does not behave as a conservative element in the Aleutian subduction system, as has been proposed for some other arcs.

  8. A study of microstrip T-juction discontinuity effects and modeling on GAAS substrates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guill, Dennis Jarrett

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A STUDY OF MICROSTRIP T-JUNCTION DISCONTINUITY EFFECTS AND MODELING ON GAAS SUBSTRATES A Thesis by DENNIS JARRET GUILL IR. Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1999 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering A STUDY OF MICROSTRIP T-JUNCTION DISCONTINUITY EFFECTS AND MODELING ON GAAS SUBSTRATES A Thesis by DENNIS JARRET GUILL JR. Submitted to Texas A&M University...

  9. Experimental studies of wind effects on runup and overtopping of revetments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wibner, Christopher Gerard

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES OF WIND EFFECTS ON RUNUP AND OVERTOPPING OF REVETMENTS A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER GERARD WIBNER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1995 Major Subject: Ocean Engineering EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES OF WIND EFFECTS ON RUNUP AND OVERTOPPING OF REVETMENTS A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER GERARD WIENER Submitted to Texas A%M University in partial fulfillment...

  10. Laboratory Studies on the Effects of Shear on Fish

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neitzel, Duane A.; Richmond, Marshall C.; Dauble, Dennis D.; Mueller, Robert P.; Moursund, Russell A.; Abernethy, Cary S.; Guensch, Greg R.

    2000-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall objective of our studies was to specify an index describing the hydraulic force that fish experience when subjected to a shear environment. Fluid shear is a phenomenon that is important to fish. However, elevated levels of shear may result in strain rates that injure or kill fish. At hydroelectric generating facilities, concerns have been expressed that strain rates associated with passage through turbines, spillways, and fish bypass systems may adversely affect migrating fish. Development of fish friendly hydroelectric turbines requires knowledge of the physical forces (injury mechanisms) that impact entrained fish and the fish's tolerance to these forces. It requires up-front, pre-design specifications for the environmental conditions that occur within the turbine system, in other words, determining or assuming that those conditions known to injure fish will provide the descriptions of conditions that engineers must consider in the design of a turbine system. These biological specifications must be carefully and thoroughly documented throughout the design of a fish friendly turbine. To address the development of biological specifications, we designed and built a test facility where juvenile fish could be subjected to a range of shear environments and quantified their biological response.

  11. CARES: Carbonaceous Aerosol and Radiative Effects Study Operations Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zaveri, RA; Shaw, WJ; Cziczo, DJ

    2010-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The CARES field campaign is motivated by the scientific issues described in the CARES Science Plan. The primary objectives of this field campaign are to investigate the evolution and aging of carbonaceous aerosols and their climate-affecting properties in the urban plume of Sacramento, California, a mid-size, mid-latitude city that is located upwind of a biogenic volatile organic compound (VOC) emission region. Our basic observational strategy is to make comprehensive gas, aerosol, and meteorological measurements upwind, within, and downwind of the urban area with the DOE G-1 aircraft and at strategically located ground sites so as to study the evolution of urban aerosols as they age and mix with biogenic SOA precursors. The NASA B-200 aircraft, equipped with the High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL), digital camera, and the Research Scanning Polarimeter (RSP), will be flown in coordination with the G-1 to characterize the vertical and horizontal distribution of aerosols and aerosol optical properties, and to provide the vertical context for the G-1 and ground in situ measurements.

  12. A SURVEY OF CIGUATERA AT ENEWETAK AND BIKINI, MARSHALL ISLANDS, WITH NOTES ON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A SURVEY OF CIGUATERA AT ENEWETAK AND BIKINI, MARSHALL ISLANDS, WITH NOTES ON THE SYSTEMATICS ofpotentially ciguatoxicfishes from Enewetak and 256 specimens of 23 species from Bikini, Marshall Islands, were names was necessary for a few ofthe fishes. The Marshall Islands are the easternmost islands

  13. Can Microsatellites Be Used to Infer Phylogenies? Evidence from Population Affinities of the Western Canary Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danchin, Etienne

    of the Western Canary Island Lizard (Gallotia galloti) Murielle Richard1 and Roger S. Thorpe2 School of the West- ern Canary Island lacertid (Gallotia galloti) as a model. The geological times of island in 12 populations from four islands (representing five haplotype lineages) was investigated in five

  14. Inferring dispersal: a Bayesian approach to phylogeny-based island biogeography,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    García-Barros, Enrique

    , with special reference to the Canary Islands Isabel Sanmarti´n1 *, Paul van der Mark2 and Fredrik Ronquist2,3 1 set of published phylogenies of Canary Island organisms to examine overall dispersal rates archipelagos with special reference to the Atlantic Canary Islands. Methods The Canary Islands were divided

  15. Are ightless Galapaganus weevils older than the Galapagos Islands they inhabit?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Brian D.

    are the Canary Islands (Thorpe et al., 1994; Juan et al., 1995, 1996) the Gala pagos Islands (Darwin, 1859Are ¯ightless Galapaganus weevils older than the GalaÂpagos Islands they inhabit? ANDREA S and include 10 ¯ightless species endemic to the Gala pagos islands. These beetles thus provide a promising

  16. Island biogeography Much of our current understanding of how many species occupy a community comes from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Creel, Scott

    a balance between ongoing immigration of new species to the island and continuous extinction of species') and E is the maximum rate of extinction (the rate of extinction when the number of species on the island there are no species on the island (logically). But extinction rate increases with increasing species on the island

  17. The effect of terrorism on public confidence : an exploratory study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berry, M. S.; Baldwin, T. E.; Samsa, M. E.; Ramaprasad, A.; Decision and Information Sciences

    2008-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A primary goal of terrorism is to instill a sense of fear and vulnerability in a population and to erode confidence in government and law enforcement agencies to protect citizens against future attacks. In recognition of its importance, the Department of Homeland Security includes public confidence as one of the metrics it uses to assess the consequences of terrorist attacks. Hence, several factors--including a detailed understanding of the variations in public confidence among individuals, by type of terrorist event, and as a function of time--are critical to developing this metric. In this exploratory study, a questionnaire was designed, tested, and administered to small groups of individuals to measure public confidence in the ability of federal, state, and local governments and their public safety agencies to prevent acts of terrorism. Data were collected from the groups before and after they watched mock television news broadcasts portraying a smallpox attack, a series of suicide bomber attacks, a refinery bombing, and cyber intrusions on financial institutions that resulted in identity theft and financial losses. Our findings include the following: (a) the subjects can be classified into at least three distinct groups on the basis of their baseline outlook--optimistic, pessimistic, and unaffected; (b) the subjects make discriminations in their interpretations of an event on the basis of the nature of a terrorist attack, the time horizon, and its impact; (c) the recovery of confidence after a terrorist event has an incubation period and typically does not return to its initial level in the long-term; (d) the patterns of recovery of confidence differ between the optimists and the pessimists; and (e) individuals are able to associate a monetary value with a loss or gain in confidence, and the value associated with a loss is greater than the value associated with a gain. These findings illustrate the importance the public places in their confidence in government and law enforcement and also indicate that the level of importance is clearly of a magnitude on the order of other major terrorist event consequences, such as loss of human life and impacts to the economy.

  18. City of Healdsburg Green Building Ordinance Energy Cost-Effectiveness Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    have been evaluated using several case studies which collectively reflect a broad range of building,800 sf The methodology used in the case studies is based on the way that real buildings are designedCity of Healdsburg Green Building Ordinance Energy Cost-Effectiveness Study April 21, 2011 Scott

  19. Field Performance of Heat Pump Water Heaters in the Northeast, Massachusetts and Rhode Island (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Heat pump water heaters (HPWHs) are finally entering the mainstream residential water heater market. Potential catalysts are increased consumer demand for higher energy efficiency electric water heating and a new Federal water heating standard that effectively mandates use of HPWHs for electric storage water heaters with nominal capacities greater than 55 gallons. When compared to electric resistance water heating, the energy and cost savings potential of HPWHs is tremendous. Converting all electric resistance water heaters to HPWHs could save American consumers 7.8 billion dollars annually ($182 per household) in water heating operating costs and cut annual residential source energy consumption for water heating by 0.70 quads. Steven Winter Associates, Inc. embarked on one of the first in situ studies of these newly released HPWH products through a partnership with two sponsoring electric utility companies, National Grid and NSTAR, and one sponsoring energy efficiency service program administrator, Cape Light Compact. Recent laboratory studies have measured performance of HPWHs under various operating conditions, but publicly available field studies have not been as available. This evaluation attempts to provide publicly available field data on new HPWHs by monitoring the performance of three recently released products (General Electric GeoSpring, A.O. Smith Voltex, and Stiebel Eltron Accelera 300). Fourteen HPWHs were installed in Massachusetts and Rhode Island and monitored for over a year. Of the 14 units, ten were General Electric models (50 gallon units), two were Stiebel Eltron models (80 gallon units), and two were A.O. Smith models (one 60-gallon and one 80-gallon unit).

  20. assateague island national: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    OF THE DEPARTMENT OF VERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY NATIONAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL surveys of the Marshall and Marianas Islands by L. P. Schultz and colleagues. Vic went on to exceed all...

  1. aeolian islands italy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    de 14 Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Tsunami generation in Stromboli island and impact on the CiteSeer Summary: Abstract. Stromboli is one of the most active...

  2. Power Plant Options Report for Thompson Island prepared by the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Power Plant Options Report for Thompson Island A report prepared by the Renewable Energy Research....................................................................... 7 3. Grid-connected and Autonomous Renewable Power Systems ................................ 9 3.1. Renewable Power Sources .............................................................................. 9 3

  3. 46 Various stories from life on Hebert Island (part 1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Stephen Pax

    last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 46 Length of track 1 hour 53 minutes Title of track Various stories from life on Hebert Island...

  4. 47 Various stories from life on Hebert Island (part 2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Stephen Pax

    last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 48 Length of track 2 hour 2 minutes Title of track Various stories from life on Hebert Island...

  5. First Regional Super ESPC a Success on Kodiak Island, Alaska...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    at Kodiak Island helped pave the way for additional Super ESPC projects at other agencies. "For these projects to be successful, the agency needs to be committed at the site...

  6. Qualifying RPS Market States (Prince Edward Island, Canada)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This entry lists the states with RPS policies that accept generation located in Prince Edward Island, Canada as eligible sources towards their Renewable Portfolio Standard targets or goals. For...

  7. Visual Modeling for Aqua Ventus I off Monhegan Island, ME

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanna, Luke A.; Whiting, Jonathan M.; Copping, Andrea E.

    2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    To assist the University of Maine in demonstrating a clear pathway to project completion, PNNL has developed visualization models of the Aqua Ventus I project that accurately depict the Aqua Ventus I turbines from various points on Monhegain Island, ME and the surrounding area. With a hub height of 100 meters, the Aqua Ventus I turbines are large and may be seen from many areas on Monhegan Island, potentially disrupting important viewsheds. By developing these visualization models, which consist of actual photographs taken from Monhegan Island and the surrounding area with the Aqua Ventus I turbines superimposed within each photograph, PNNL intends to support the project’s siting and permitting process by providing the Monhegan Island community and various other stakeholders with a probable glimpse of how the Aqua Ventus I project will appear.

  8. Rules and Regulations for Groundwater Quality (Rhode Island)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These regulations provide standards for groundwater quality in the state of Rhode Island. The rules are intended to protect and restore the quality of the state's groundwater resources for use as...

  9. MIE Regional Climate Change Impact Webinar Series: Hawaii & Pacific Islands

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Minorities in Energy Initiative is hosting a webinar on Hawaii and Pacific Islands impacts of climate change on minority and tribal communities featuring...

  10. Rules and Regulations for Sewage Sludge Management (Rhode Island)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The purpose of these rules and regulations is to ensure that sewage sludge that is treated, land applied, disposed, distributed, stockpiled or transported in the State of Rhode Island is done so in...

  11. THE UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND FRINGE BENEFIT AVERAGE RATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    THE UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND FRINGE BENEFIT AVERAGE RATE FY 2015 Allocation Cost or Classified.2% URI Budget & Financial Planning Office 9.17.14 Office:fringebenefits:office of sponsored projects: FY2015 Allocation #12;

  12. PSEG Long Island- Solar Initiative Feed-in Tariff

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The PSEG Long Island Feed-in Tariff II (FIT II) program provides fixed payments for electricity produced by approved photovoltaic systems over a fixed period of time. The program operates under a...

  13. Midwest Quantitative Biology Conference Mission Point Resort, Mackinac Island, Michigan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Midwest Quantitative Biology Conference Mission Point Resort, Mackinac Island, Michigan September Exchange Method for the Free Energy of Conformational Fluctuations Michigan State University 3:05-3:30 Role

  14. Temporal Variation in Fish Communities Off Santa Cruz Island, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larson, Ralph

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    at sub-tidal reefs and kelp beds at Santa Cruz Island in theand/or by the loss of giant kelp, which occurs during warm-diminishing the extent of giant kelp beds. Student Michelle

  15. A Simple Technique for Islanding Detection with Negligible Nondetection Zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirtley Jr, James L.

    Although active islanding detection techniques have smaller nondetection zones than passive techniques, active methods could degrade the system power quality and are not as simple and easy to implement as passive methods. ...

  16. aegean island arc: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    proposed that the maximum observed thickness Cai, Long 10 Geological Setting, Mineral Resources and ancient works of Samos and adjacent islands of the Aegean Sea, 26-30 August...

  17. ambrym island vanuatu: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    subpicosecond carrier dynamics C. Kadowa) Materials; accepted for publication 5 October 1999 We report the growth of self-assembled ErAs islands embedded in GaAs by molecular beam...

  18. anticosti island laurentia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    subpicosecond carrier dynamics C. Kadowa) Materials; accepted for publication 5 October 1999 We report the growth of self-assembled ErAs islands embedded in GaAs by molecular beam...

  19. aegna island tallinn: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    subpicosecond carrier dynamics C. Kadowa) Materials; accepted for publication 5 October 1999 We report the growth of self-assembled ErAs islands embedded in GaAs by molecular beam...

  20. Closing Event- Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Invited speakers from Congress, the federal government, and DOE will speak about Asian American and Pacific Islander programs and policy at the Department, and their contributions to the DOE...

  1. Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Asian Pacific American Heritage Month is a celebration of the culture, traditions, and history of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders in the United States. Join the Energy Department for the...

  2. Town of Babylon- Long Island Green Homes Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Long Island Green Homes Program is a self-financing residential retrofit program designed to support a goal of upgrading the energy efficiency of existing homes in the Town of Babylon. The...

  3. Long Island Power Authority- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Long Island Power Authority offers a variety of incentive programs which help residential customers upgrade to more energy efficient equipment and appliances in their homes. The Cool Homes Program...

  4. Demonstration of Black Liquor Gasification at Big Island

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert DeCarrera

    2007-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This Final Technical Report provides an account of the project for the demonstration of Black Liquor Gasification at Georgia-Pacific LLC's Big Island, VA facility. This report covers the period from May 5, 2000 through November 30, 2006.

  5. A seaside resort in an island of the Aegean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kriezis, Constantine Anthony

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the thesis is the design of a seaside resort in the island of Andros in Greece. A year-round focus of attraction amidst the Aegean Sea the resort would center around sea related activities. The experience ...

  6. Quaternary morphology and paleoenvironmental records of carbonate islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toomey, Michael (Michael Ryan)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Here I use a simple numerical model of reef profile evolution to show that the present-day morphology of carbonate islands has developed largely in response to late Pleistocene sea level oscillations in addition to variable ...

  7. Renewable Energy and Inter-Island Power Transmission (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gevorgian, V.

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation summarizes recent findings pertaining to inter-island connection of renewable and other energy sources, in particular, as these findings relate cable options, routing, specifications, and pros and cons.

  8. Distribution, Growth, and Disturbance of Catalina Island Rhodoliths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tompkins, Paul Anthony

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    seasonality. Sedimentology 41: 963-984 Friewald A (1998)Godinez-Orta L (2006) Sedimentology and acoustic mapping ofIsland, New Zealand. Sedimentology 55: 249-274 Orth RJ (

  9. Solar Water Heater Rebate Program (U.S. Virgin Islands)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Virgin Islands Energy Office currently offers rebates to residents for purchasing solar water heaters from local vendors. The program will cover residential, solar water heaters of 120 gallons...

  10. A wave refraction analysis for an axially symmetrical island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forst, Ronald John

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A WAVE REFRACTION ANALYSIS FOR AN AXIALLY SYMMETRICAL ISLAND A Thesis By LIEUTENANT RONALD J FORST UNITED STATES NAVY Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE l966 Major Subject Oceanography A WAVE REFRACTION ANALYSIS FOR AN AXIALLY SYMMETRICAL ISLAND A Thesis By LIEUTENANT RONALD J FORST UNITED STATES NAVY Approved as to style and content by; ( airma Committee) Head of Dep rtme t...

  11. Experimental study of the effect of external pressure on particle bed effective thermal properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tehranian, F.; Abdou, M.A. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Accurate prediction of the thermomechanical responses of particle beds in fusion blankets depends strongly on the availability of experimental data on their thermal properties as a function of the blanket operating conditions. Experiments are conducted to measure the effective thermal conductivity and interface conductance of single-size aluminum, beryllium, and lithium zirconate particle beds as a function of applied external load in the 0- to 1.6-MPa range, with both helium and air as cover gas over a pressure range of 30 to 760 Torr. In both the aluminum and beryllium beds, as the applied load is increased to 1.5 MPa, the effective thermal conductivity increases by a factor of nearly 3 to 7 in an air cover gas and by a factor of nearly 2 to 3 in helium. With 1.2-mm lithium zirconate particles and air or helium as the cover gas, changes in the bed thermal conductivity when the applied load is varied in the 0 to 1.6-MPa range are small and within the experimental error. The increase in the interface conductance values with applied external load shows variations similar to those of the thermal conductivity. Based on the Hertz elastic equation and finite element models, the particle-to-particle contact areas as a function of the applied external load are evaluated and used in a predictive model by Bauer, Schlunder, and Zehner to calculate the effective thermal conductivity of a beryllium particle bed as a function of external pressure. Results are in agreement with predictions. 19 refs., 17 figs., 3 tabs.

  12. Effects of Gender on the Production of Emphasis in Jordanian Arabic: A Sociophonetic Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abudalbuh, Mujdey

    2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Emphasis, or pharyngealization, is a distinctive phonetic phenomenon and a phonemic feature of Semitic languages such as Arabic and Hebrew. The goal of this study is to investigate the effect of gender on the production ...

  13. A Method to Study the Effect of Renewable Resource Variability on Power System Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liberzon, Daniel

    1 A Method to Study the Effect of Renewable Resource Variability on Power System Dynamics Yu reliance on renewable resources, such as wind or solar. It is well known that the integration proposes a set-theoretic method to assess the effect of variability associated with renewable-based elec

  14. Roberts Creek Study Forest: the effects of shelterwood harvesting and blowdown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is sediment produc- tion in domestic water supply creeks. The effects of timber harvesting on sedimentRoberts Creek Study Forest: the effects of shelterwood harvesting and blowdown on sediment production in a small zero-order creek by Robert O. Hudson and Brian D'Anjou KEYWORDS: Shelterwood harvest

  15. De Bilt, 2012 | Trainee report Case study on the effect of aircraft induced

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haak, Hein

    a warming effect on the total earth-atmosphere system (reference at TOA), because trapping of upwelling long wave solar irradiance at the land surface Kasper O. Gerritsen #12;#12;Case study on the effect of aircraft induced cloudiness on the short wave solar irradiance at the land surface Version 1.0 Date June

  16. Numerical study of the effect of polyurea on the performance of steel plates under blast loads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nemat-Nasser, Sia

    Numerical study of the effect of polyurea on the performance of steel plates under blast loads to blast-like loads. Different thicknesses of the polyurea are considered and the effect of polyurea history: Received 28 February 2013 Available online 13 May 2013 Keywords: Polyurea DH-36 steel Blast

  17. Studies on the immunosuppressive effects of alpha globulins obtained from guinea pig serum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cowart, Richard Elmer

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STUDIES ON THE IMMUNOSUPP1KSSIVE EFFECTS OF ALPHA GLOBULINS OBTAINED FROM GUINEA PIG SERUM A Thesis by RICHARD ELMER COWART, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1976 Ma)or Subject: Microbiology STUDIES ON THE IFLMUNOSUPPRESSIUE EFFECTS OF ALPHA GLOBULINS OBTAINED FROM GUINEA PIG SERUM A Thesis by RICHARD ELMER COWART, JR. Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman...

  18. Study of the effect of rate of sediment transport on the stability of open channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahman, Khandaker Mohammad Abdur

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF RATE OF SEDIMENT TRANSPORT ON THE STABILITY OF OPEN CHANNELS A Thesis By KHANDAKER MOHAMMAD ABDUR RAHMAN Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1963 Major Subject: Civil Engineering STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF RATE Of SEDIMENT TRANSPORT ON THE STABILITY Of OPEN CHANNELS A Thesis By KHANDAKER MOHAMMAD ABDUR RAHMAN Approved as to style...

  19. Kinetic isotope effects, dynamic effects, and mechanistic studies of organic reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhihong

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    yields two products in a ratio of 3.0 �± 0.5. Theoretical studies shows that only one transition structure is involved in the formation of both. Quasiclassical trajectory calculations on an MP2 surface give a prediction of a product ratio of 45:14 (3.2...

  20. Textural criteria for the discrimination of water-laid and wind-laid barrier island sands: a North Padre Island, Texas example

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cunningham, David

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -Laid Barrier Island Sands: A North Padre Island, Texas Example (August 1985) David Cunningham, B. S. ; The University of Texas at Austin Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. James M. Mazzullo The grain size and grain shape characteristics of 63, 200 quartz... sand grains were analyzed from 158 samples systematically collected along three transects across North Padre Island. Sampled subenviron- ments included the forebeach, backbeach, foredune ridge, eolian flat, back-island dunes, and wind-tidal flats...

  1. Stability evaluation of the Markel Mine at Weeks Island, Louisiana

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffman, E.L.

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A three dimensional (3D) finite element analysis of the Markel Mine located on Weeks Island was performed to: (1) evaluate the stability of the mine and (2) determine the effect of mine failure on the nearby Morton Salt mine and SPR facilities. The first part of the stability evaluation investigates the effect of pillar failure on mine stability. These simulations revealed that tensile stresses and dilatant damage develop in the overlying salt as a result of pillar loss. These tensile stresses extend to the salt/overburden interface only for the case where all 45 of the pillars are assumed to fail. Tensile stresses would likely cause microfracturing of the salt, resulting in a flow path for groundwater from the overlying aquifer to enter the mine. The dilatant damage bridges between the mine and the overburden in the case where 15 or more pillars are removed from the model. Dilatant damage is attributed to microfracturing or changes in the pore structure of the salt and could also result in a flow path for groundwater to enter the mine. The second part of the Markel Mine evaluation investigates the stability of the pillars with respect to three failure mechanisms: tensile failure, compressive failure, and creep rupture. A 3D slabbing pillar model of the Markel mine was developed to investigate progressive failure of the pillars and the effect of slabbing on mine stability. Based on a strain-limiting creep rupture criterion, pillar failure is predicted to be extensive at present. The associated loss of pillar strength should be equivalent to removing all pillars from the model as was done in the first part of this stability analysis, resulting in the possibility of ground water intrusion. Since creep rupture is not a well understood phenomenon, further development and validation of this criterion is recommended.

  2. Amphibians and Reptiles, Luzon Island, Aurora Province and Aurora Memorial National Park, Northern Philippines: New island distribution records

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Rafe M.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report 35 new amphibian and reptile distribution records for two regions within the southern Sierra Madre Mountain Range, Aurora Province, central Luzon Island, Philippines. Together with results of our previous survey work in Aurora, our new...

  3. HEALTH EFFECTS OF THE NUCLEAR ACCIDENT AT THREE MILE ISLAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrikant, J.I.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of anv additional nuclear radiation, the 2,163,000 personsfor low-level radiation in the nuclear industry. However,be unrelated to the radiation from the nuclear power plant

  4. HEALTH EFFECTS OF THE NUCLEAR ACCIDENT AT THREE MILE ISLAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrikant, J.I.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    radiation annually in Harrisburg, Pennsyl­ vania, andradia­ tion annually in Harrisburg, and equivalent to the

  5. HEALTH EFFECTS OF THE NUCLEAR ACCIDENT AT THREE MILE ISLAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrikant, J.I.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    than 10 miles from the nuclear plant at any time during thewithin 10 miles of the nuclear plant is about 51 of thewithin 50 miles of the nuclear plant is less than 1% of the

  6. Feasibility study for a tropical island sea kayaking ecotourism business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eldergill, Mary Alexandria

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hours e:;ploring the north shore of Coral Bay". The tour wil 1 make two stops to view unusual underwater ecosystems which visitor s to St. John do not normally snorkel or dive on ? ? rocky shore, and mangrove lagoon. These two habitats will be e... adjacent to Water Creek Lagoon (See Tour Nap on page 12). Kayakers will secure boats and retrieve snorkel gear- afterwhich guides will deliver a short orientation to mangrove ecosystems. Illustrations of organisms likely to be seen will be passed around...

  7. Aeromagnetic study of the Island of Hawaii | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlinPapersWindeySanta2004) | OpenInformation Zablocki,Energyof Hawaii

  8. Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Islands

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in ManyDepartment of Order No.of Energy251NewsEnergy

  9. Performance Evaluation of Whole Body Counting Facilities in the Marshall Islands (2002-2005)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kehl, S R; Hamilton, T; Jue, T; Hickman, D

    2007-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States Department of Energy (U.S. DOE) has recently implemented a series of strategic initiatives to address long-term radiological surveillance needs at former U.S. nuclear test sites in the Marshall Islands (https://eed.llnl.gov/mi/). Local atoll governments have been actively engaged in developing shared responsibilities for protecting the health and safety of resettled and resettling population at risk from exposure to elevated levels of residual fallout contamination in the environment. Under the program, whole body counting facilities have been established at three locations in the Marshall Islands. These facilities are operated and maintained by Marshallese technicians with scientists from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) providing technical support services including data quality assurance and performance testing. We have also established a mirror whole body counting facility at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory as a technician training center. The LLNL facility also allows program managers to develop quality assurance and operational procedures, and test equipment and corrective actions prior to deployment at remote stations in the Marshall Islands. This document summarizes the results of external performance evaluation exercises conducted at each of the facilities (2002-2005) under the umbrella of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Intercomparison Studies Program (ISP). The ISP was specifically designed to meet intercomparison requirements of the United States (U.S.) Department of Energy Laboratory Accreditation Program (DOELAP). In this way, the Marshall Islands Radiological Surveillance Program has attempted to establish quality assurance measures in whole body counting that are consistent with standard requirements used to monitor DOE workers in the United States. Based on ANSI N13.30, the acceptable performance criteria for relative measurement bias and precision for radiobioassay service laboratory quality control, performance evaluation, and accreditation is -25% to +50% and less than or equal to 40%, respectively.

  10. An Experimental Study of Film Cooling Effectiveness by Using PIV and PSP Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Hui

    An Experimental Study of Film Cooling Effectiveness by Using PIV and PSP Techniques Blake Johnson1 temperatures is necessary, typically through the implementation of film-cooling techniques. Optimization cooling has been studied widely through use of a number of experimental techniques, including infrared (IR

  11. An Epidemiologic Study of Early Biologic Effects of Benzene in Chinese Workers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    An Epidemiologic Study of Early Biologic Effects of Benzene in Chinese Workers Nathaniel Rothman,1 and Anti-Epidemic Center, Shanghai, China Benzene is a recognized hematotoxin and leukemogen, but its a cross-sectional study of 44 healthy workers currently exposed to benzene (median 8-hr time

  12. Strain-mediated lateral SiGe island motion in single and stacked layers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stoffel, M.; Rastelli, A.; Kiravittaya, S.; Schmidt, O.G. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany)

    2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the lateral motion of SiGe islands on Si(001) substrates in single and twofold stacked layers by using a combination of wet chemical etching and atomic force microscopy. A careful analysis of the footprints left over by the etched islands reveals that islands tend to repel each other, providing evidence that the lateral motion is triggered by the elastic strain repulsion between neighboring islands. This interpretation is further supported by finite element calculations. In closely stacked layers, the lateral island motion can be reduced and even suppressed. The SiGe islands in the upper layer are found to be Si richer compared with the islands in the first layer. Nevertheless, our results strongly suggest that the elastic interaction between vertically aligned islands is mainly responsible for the reduced island motion in the upper layer.

  13. Geology and geochemistry of the Geyser Bight Geothermal Area, Umnak Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nye, C.J. (Alaska Univ., Fairbanks, AK (USA). Geophysical Inst. Alaska Dept. of Natural Resources, Fairbanks, AK (USA). Div. of Geological and Geophysical Surveys); Motyka, R.J. (Alaska Dept. of Natural Resources, Juneau, AK (USA). Div. of Geological and Geophysical Surveys); Turner, D.L. (Alaska Univ., Fairbanks, AK (USA). Geophysical Inst.); Liss, S.A. (Alaska Dept. of Natural Resources, Fairba

    1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Geyser Bight geothermal area is located on Umnak Island in the central Aleutian Islands. It contains one of the hottest and most extensive areas of thermal springs and fumaroles in Alaska, and is only documented site in Alaska with geysers. The zone of hot springs and fumaroles lies at the head of Geyser Creek, 5 km up a broad, flat, alluvial valley from Geyser Bight. At present central Umnak is remote and undeveloped. This report describes results of a combined program of geologic mapping, K-Ar dating, detailed description of hot springs, petrology and geochemistry of volcanic and plutonic rock units, and chemistry of geothermal fluids. Our mapping documents the presence of plutonic rock much closer to the area of hotsprings and fumaroles than previously known, thus increasing the probability that plutonic rock may host the geothermal system. K-Ar dating of 23 samples provides a time framework for the eruptive history of volcanic rocks as well as a plutonic cooling age.

  14. Hyperuricemia in the inhabitants of the Marshall Islands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, W.H.; Harper, J.A.; Heotis, P.M.; Jamner, A.H.

    1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Annual medical examinations are conducted by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) for a population of Marshallese who were accidentally exposed to radioactive fallout in 1954, for a comparison population, and for all inhabitants of the atolls of Rongelap and Utirik. Disease surveillance includes analysis of serum samples. Elevated serum uric acid (SUA) levels are common along Pacific populations, and modifying environmental factors have been investigated as a cause for this finding. The authors have studied SUA levels of people living in the Marshall Islands, and have found elevated values similar to those reported for other Micronesian populations. The nearly Gaussian distribution of individual serum uric acid values for men, and for women less than or equal to45 years of age, indicates that the elevation is due to a regularized increase in serum uric acid rather than to a subpopulation that has pathologic hyperuricemia. The higher serum uric acid levels appear, therefore, to be normal for the Marshallese, a conclusion supported by the infrequency of clinical gout in the population tested.

  15. Prospects of employing superconducting stripline resonators for studying the dynamical Casimir effect experimentally

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eran Arbel-Segev; Baleegh Abdo; Oleg Shtempluck; Eyal Buks; Bernard Yurke

    2006-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the prospects of employing an NbN superconducting microwave stripline resonator for studying the dynamical Casimir effect experimentally. Preliminary experimental results, in which optical illumination is employed for modulating the resonance frequencies of the resonator, show that such a system is highly promising for this purpose. Moreover, we discuss the undesirable effect of heating which results from the optical illumination, and show that degradation in noise properties can be minimized by employing an appropriate design.

  16. ISLAND OF THE HIGH YIELDS OF 252Cf(sf) COLLINEAR TRIPARTITION IN THE FRAGMENT MASS SPACE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu. V. Pyatkov; D. V. Kamanin; W. H. Trzaska; W. Von Oertzen; Yu. E. Peinionzhkevich

    Abstract. Results of three independent experiments aimed at searching for collinear cluster tripartition (CCT) of the 252Cf (sf) are reported. They confirm previously proposed kinematical scheme let to distinguish two CCT partners flying almost in the same direction. A new island of the CCT manifestation in the mass-mass distribution of the decay fragments was revealed. A total yield of the CCT originated events in the island is not less 4*10-3 per binary fission. Presumably, the ternary decay of nuclear molecules based on heavy magic clusters such as isotopes of Ni, Ge, Sn, Te gives rise to the effect observed. Key words: clustering, multibody decays, shell effects, fission 1.

  17. Evolution in the Canary Islands. I. Phylogenetic Relations in the Genus Echium (Boraginaceae) as Shown by Trichome Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    Evolution in the Canary Islands. I. Phylogenetic Relations in the Genus Echium (Boraginaceae-threespeciesofEchiumfromthe Canary Islands and Madeira werestudiedin orderto relate growthformtoevolutionarystatusand ecology hypothesisoftheevolutionofannualplants,and ofitsopposite,thetheoryofinsularwoodiness. Introduction The Canary Islands have long been

  18. An early Miocene age for a high-temperature event in gneisses from Zabargad Island (Red Sea, Egypt): mantle diapirism?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    An early Miocene age for a high-temperature event in gneisses from Zabargad Island (Red Sea, Egypt outcropping on Zabargad Island (Red Sea, Egypt). This island, though of limited size (& 4 km2 ), has an almost

  19. Critical review of the reactor-safety study radiological health effects model. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cooper, D.W.; Evans, J.S.; Jacob, N.; Kase, K.R.; Maletskos, C.J.; Robertson, J.B.; Smith, D.G.

    1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This review of the radiological health effects models originally presented in the Reactor Safety Study (RSS) and currently used by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) was undertaken to assist the NRC in determining whether or not to revise the models and to aid in the revision, if undertaken. The models as presented in the RSS and as implemented in the CRAC (Calculations of Reactor Accident Consequences) Code are described and critiqued. The major elements analyzed are those concerning dosimetry, early effects, and late effects. The published comments on the models are summarized, as are the important findings since the publication of the RSS.

  20. A study of the precursor effect in an arc-driven shock tube

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, James Alan

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A STUDY OF THE PRECURSOR EFFECT IN AN ARC-DRIVEN SHOCK TISE A Thesis by JAMES ALAN REED Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1969 Major... Subject: Aerospace Engineering A STUDY OF THE PRECURSOR EFFECT IN AN ARC-DRIVEN SHOCK TUBE A Thesis by JAMES ALAN REED Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (He p ) (Member) (Memb er) (Member) (Member) (Member) 11ay 1969...

  1. Remedial Action Work Plan Amchitka Island Mud Pit Closures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DOE/NV

    2001-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This remedial action work plan presents the project organization and construction procedures developed for the performance of the remedial actions at U.S. Department of Energy (DOE's) sites on Amchitka Island, Alaska. During the late1960s and early 1970s, the U.S. Department of Defense and the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (the predecessor agency to DOE) used Amchitka Island as a site for underground nuclear tests. A total of nine sites on the Island were considered for nuclear testing; however, tests were only conducted at three sites (i.e., Long Shot in 1965, Milrow in 1969, and Cannikin in 1971). In addition to these three sites, large diameter emplacement holes were drilled in two other locations (Sites D and F) and an exploratory hole was in a third location (Site E). It was estimated that approximately 195 acres were disturbed by drilling or preparation for drilling in conjunction with these activities. The disturbed areas include access roads, spoil-disposal areas, mud pits which have impacted the environment, and an underground storage tank at the hot mix plant which was used to support asphalt-paving operations on the island. The remedial action objective for Amchitka Island is to eliminate human and ecological exposure to contaminants by capping drilling mud pits, removing the tank contents, and closing the tank in place. The remedial actions will meet State of Alaska regulations, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service refuge management goals, address stakeholder concerns, and address the cultural beliefs and practices of the native people. The U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office will conduct work on Amchitka Island under the authority of the Comprehensive Emergency Response, Compensation, and Liability Act. Field activities are scheduled to take place May through September 2001. The results of these activities will be presented in a subsequent Closure Report.

  2. Modeling Microgrid Islanding Problems as DCOPs Saurabh Gupta, William Yeoh, Enrico Pontelli

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeoh, William

    , we formulate the microgrid islanding problem as distributed constraint optimization problem (DCOP. Index Terms--Microgrid, Islanding, Distributed Constraint Optimization. I. INTRODUCTION Every year residential and commercial facilities with controllable loads and distributed generation sources; loads

  3. Working Groups Collaborate on U.S. Virgin Islands Clean Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Working Groups Collaborate on U.S. Virgin Islands Clean Energy Vision and Road Map Working Groups Collaborate on U.S. Virgin Islands Clean Energy Vision and Road Map A diverse set...

  4. Small Changes Help Long Island Homeowner Save Big on Energy Costs...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Small Changes Help Long Island Homeowner Save Big on Energy Costs Small Changes Help Long Island Homeowner Save Big on Energy Costs April 16, 2013 - 12:20pm Addthis Located near...

  5. Gilbert M. Smith, master boatbuilder of Long Island, New York

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merwin, Daria Elizabeth

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    extent of the ice sheet, attained some 18, 000 years ago, left a spine-like ridge through the center of the island called the Ronkonkoma terminal moraine. The eastern terminus of the Ronkonkoma moraine is the South Fork of Long Island. The north shore... opportunities for her husband in Patchogue (Hix 1986). At the titne, Patchogue was a thriving port village, adjacent to the dense oyster beds of the Great South Bay and a fledgling center of yachting. By the late 19" century, Patchogue was the largest trading...

  6. A study of semiconductor laser noise and its effect on fiber optic sensor performance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Wanku

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A STUDY OF SEMICONDUCTOR LASER NOISE AND ITS EFFECT ON FISER OPTIC SENSOR PERFORMANCE A Thesis by WANKU LEE Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved... as to style and content by: F. aylor (Chair o Committee) D, c 0. Eknoyan (Member) Li ngs ( ember G. Cote (Member) A. , Patton (Head o Department) August 1994 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering ABSTRACT A Study of Semiconductor Laser Noise...

  7. A study of semiconductor laser noise and its effect on fiber optic sensor performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Wanku

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A STUDY OF SEMICONDUCTOR LASER NOISE AND ITS EFFECT ON FISER OPTIC SENSOR PERFORMANCE A Thesis by WANKU LEE Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved... as to style and content by: F. aylor (Chair o Committee) D, c 0. Eknoyan (Member) Li ngs ( ember G. Cote (Member) A. , Patton (Head o Department) August 1994 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering ABSTRACT A Study of Semiconductor Laser Noise...

  8. Effects of Transformational Leadership Practices in Texas Suburban School Districts and their Impact on Student Achievement: A Cohort Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esquivel, Lina G.

    2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this quantitative study was to review whether or not teachers’ perceptions of transformational leadership had an effect on student achievement. This study was one of five studies which examined leadership practices of principals...

  9. Independent Verification Survey Report for the Long Island Solar Farm, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    E.M. Harpenau

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    5119-SR-01-0 INDEPENDENT VERIFICATION SURVEY REPORT FOR THE LONG ISLAND SOLAR FARM, BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY

  10. Power and Effective Study Size Based on Approximations to the Expected Likelihood Ratio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    Power and Effective Study Size Based on Approximations to the Expected Likelihood Ratio Test statistical power and precision of heritability estimates can be difficult particularly in complex pedigrees. Previous work focused on the power to detect heritability by using the expectation of the likelihood ratio

  11. A Study of Stemming Effects on Information Retrieval in Bahasa Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amsterdam, University of

    A Study of Stemming Effects on Information Retrieval in Bahasa Indonesia Fadillah Z Tala 0086975 The Netherlands #12;Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 A Purely Rule-based Stemmer for Bahasa Indonesia 3 2.1 Morphological Structure of Bahasa Indonesia Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.2 The Porter Stemming

  12. Carbonaceous Aerosols and Radiative Effects Study (CARES), g1-aircraft, sedlacek sp2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sedlacek, Art

    2011-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary objective of the Carbonaceous Aerosol and Radiative Effects Study (CARES) in 2010 was to investigate the evolution of carbonaceous aerosols of different types and their optical and hygroscopic properties in central California, with a focus on the Sacramento urban plume.

  13. Semiclassical wave packet study of anomalous isotope effect in ozone formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reid, Scott A.

    Semiclassical wave packet study of anomalous isotope effect in ozone formation Evgeny Vetoshkin represent the metastable O3 * species and play a central role in the process of ozone formation.1063/1.2778432 I. INTRODUCTION Ozone O3 is formed in the stratosphere as a product of the following recombination

  14. A thermomechanical study of the effects of mold topography on the solidification of Aluminum alloys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zabaras, Nicholas J.

    mold surfaces for the control of cast surface morphologies. Keywords: Solidification; Aluminum alloys1 A thermomechanical study of the effects of mold topography on the solidification of Aluminum alloys Lijian Tana and Nicholas Zabarasa a Materials Process Design and Control Laboratory, Sibley School

  15. Technical Report TR-2013-3 Studying the Effect of Powder Geometry on the Selective Laser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Negrut, Dan

    Technical Report TR-2013-3 Studying the Effect of Powder Geometry on the Selective Laser Sintering to model the Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) layering process. SLS is an additive manufacturing process;1 Introduction Additive manufacturing processes such as Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) allow 3D parts

  16. STUDY OF RADIOACTIVE IMPURITIES IN SOLIDS. II. EFFECTS OF RELAXATION AND RADIOFREQUENCY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    565 STUDY OF RADIOACTIVE IMPURITIES IN SOLIDS. II. EFFECTS OF RELAXATION AND RADIOFREQUENCY D magnétique et l'orientation nucléaire). Abstract. 2014 The nuclear radiation characteristics of a radioactive impurity embedded in a solid matrix, depend on the properties of the levels involved in the radiative

  17. An experimental study of the superelastic effect in a shape-memory Nitinol alloy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritchie, Robert

    An experimental study of the superelastic effect in a shape-memory Nitinol alloy under biaxial; received in revised form 10 September 2002 Abstract Constitutive laws for shape-memory alloys subjected (thickness/radius ratio of 1:10) of the polycrystalline superelastic/shape-memory alloy Nitinol using various

  18. Quantum confined Stark effect in Gaussian quantum wells: A tight-binding study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramírez-Morales, A.; Martínez-Orozco, J. C.; Rodríguez-Vargas, I. [Unidad Académica de Física, Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas, Calzada Solidaridad Esquina Con Paseo La Bufa S/N, 98060 Zacatecas, Zac. (Mexico)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The main characteristics of the quantum confined Stark effect (QCSE) are studied theoretically in quantum wells of Gaussian profile. The semi-empirical tight-binding model and the Green function formalism are applied in the numerical calculations. A comparison of the QCSE in quantum wells with different kinds of confining potential is presented.

  19. A Theoretical Study on the Effects of Thermal Stratification on the Operating Range of HCCI Engines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Im, Hong G.

    A Theoretical Study on the Effects of Thermal Stratification on the Operating Range of HCCI Engines 48109 Abstract The characteristics of auto-ignition in HCCI engines in the presence of charge and composition distributions on HCCI combustion. 1 Introduction Homogeneouscharge compression ignition (HCCI

  20. Carbonaceous Aerosols and Radiative Effects Study (CARES), g1-aircraft, sedlacek sp2

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Sedlacek, Art

    The primary objective of the Carbonaceous Aerosol and Radiative Effects Study (CARES) in 2010 was to investigate the evolution of carbonaceous aerosols of different types and their optical and hygroscopic properties in central California, with a focus on the Sacramento urban plume.

  1. LBNL-52872/CBP Note 516 A Preliminary Comparative Study of the Electron-Cloud Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furman, Miguel

    LBNL-52872/CBP Note 516 A Preliminary Comparative Study of the Electron-Cloud Effect for the PSR, ISIS, and the ESS M. A. Furman , LBNL, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA and M. T. F. Pivi , SLAC, Menlo Park, CA] obtained with the EC code POSINST [8, 9] that has been developed initially at LBNL, and lately

  2. Analytical and Numerical Study of Joule Heating Effects on Electrokinetically Pumped Continuous Flow PCR Chips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le Roy, Robert J.

    Analytical and Numerical Study of Joule Heating Effects on Electrokinetically Pumped Continuous, and the potential for integration.1-3 Joule heating is inevitable when electrokinetic pumping is used Form: December 8, 2007 Joule heating is an inevitable phenomenon for microfluidic chips involving

  3. STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF ABSORBER ETCHING ON THE BACK CONTACT PERFORMANCE OF CDTE SOLAR CELLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romeo, Alessandro

    STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF ABSORBER ETCHING ON THE BACK CONTACT PERFORMANCE OF CDTE SOLAR CELLS Ivan that has shown a remarkable market success in thin film solar cells. It is well known that deposition and defects are addressed. 2 EXPERIMENTAL CdTe solar cells, in our laboratory, are usually prepared as follows

  4. Computer simulation study of liquid CH2F2 with a new effective pair potential model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mezei, Mihaly

    to reproduce the thermodynamic internal energy, density, heat capacity, vapor-liquid equilibrium and structuralComputer simulation study of liquid CH2F2 with a new effective pair potential model Pa potential model is proposed for computer simulations of liquid methylene fluoride and used in Monte Carlo

  5. Error and jitter effect studies on the SLED for BEPCII-linac

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi-Lun, Pei; Ou-Zheng, Xiao

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RF pulse compressor is a device to convert a long RF pulse to a short one with much higher peak RF magnitude. SLED can be regarded as the earliest RF pulse compressor used in large scale linear accelerators. It is widely studied around the world and applied in the BEPC and BEPCII linac for many years. During the routine operation, the error and jitter effects will deteriorate the SLED performance either on the output electromagnetic wave amplitude or phase. The error effects mainly include the frequency drift induced by cooling water temperature variation and the frequency/Q0/{\\beta} unbalances between the two energy storage cavities caused by mechanical fabrication or microwave tuning. The jitter effects refer to the PSK switching phase and time jitters. In this paper, we re-derived the generalized formulae for the conventional SLED used in the BEPCII linac. At last, the error and jitter effects on the SLED performance are investigated.

  6. Depositional environment of Upper Cretaceous deep Tuscaloosa Sandstones, Profit Island field, east Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roth, Susan Viola

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in thickness from 12 ft to 17 ft (4 m to 5 m). Finally, thin-bedded, distinctly parallel-laminated and ripple-laminated sandstones represent overbank deposits which range in thickness from 4 ft to 9 ft (1 m to 3 m) ~ Black marine shales with thinly... Island field is in the lower Tuscaloosa sandstones. The exact age of the Tuscaloosa has recently been the subj ect of many stratigraphic studies. It has generally been assumed that the 11 deep Tuscaloosa of Louisiana and the Woodbine of East Texas...

  7. TIMES model for the Reunion Island: addressing reliability of electricity supply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , the Reunion Island was highly dependent on fossil fuel imports (86.5%). This paper focuses on the target of small islands, the Reunion Island was highly dependent on fossil fuel imports (86.5%). This paper designs and appropriate levels of incentives and subsidies are already difficult issues to deal

  8. Magma storage conditions of the last eruption of Teide volcano (Canary Islands, Spain)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    11 Magma storage conditions of the last eruption of Teide volcano (Canary Islands, Spain) Andújar and rheological state. insu-00447691,version1-18Jan2010 #12;33 Introduction In the Canary Islands (Spain), Teide storage depth at about 5 ± 1 km below current summit of Teide volcano. Given that the island has

  9. Intraspecific evolution of Canary Island Plecotine bats, based on mtDNA sequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Richard

    Intraspecific evolution of Canary Island Plecotine bats, based on mtDNA sequences J Pestano1 , RP investigated in the endemic Canary Island bat Plecotus teneriffae, based on B1 kb of mtDNA from the 16S r of differentiation between Canary Islands were quite high relative to Pipis- trelle-like bats, consistent

  10. Phylogeography of pipistrelle-like bats within the Canary Islands, based on mtDNA sequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Richard

    Phylogeography of pipistrelle-like bats within the Canary Islands, based on mtDNA sequences J January 2002; received in revised form 7 July 2002 Abstract Evolution of three Canary Island by comparison of 1 kbp of mtDNA (from cytochrome b and 16S rRNA genes) between islands. mtDNA reveals that both

  11. Erasmus Student Work Placement Offer in Spanish educational institutions in the Canary Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robbiano, Lorenzo

    Erasmus Student Work Placement Offer in Spanish educational institutions in the Canary Islands on the Regional Ministry of Education and Universities of the Canary Islands Government (Spain). Its objective Erasmus students on their placements. Placements available for Erasmus students In the Canary Islands

  12. SHORT COMMUNICATION The possible origin of Zostera noltii in the Canary Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teixeira, Sara

    SHORT COMMUNICATION The possible origin of Zostera noltii in the Canary Islands and guidelines are declining worldwide. Zostera noltii in the Canary Islands has been drastically reduced, mainly of the Canary Islands (Pavo´n-Salas et al. 2000). Cymodocea nodosa (Ucria) Ascherson is the most abundant

  13. Monsoon surges trigger oceanic eddy formation and propagation in the lee of the Philippine Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with eddies that form in the lee of the Cabo Verde and Canary Islands [Chavanne et al., 2002; Sangra et al., 2007]. The Hawaii, Cabo Verde and Canary Islands are located in the trades where winds have typicalMonsoon surges trigger oceanic eddy formation and propagation in the lee of the Philippine Islands

  14. Wide-angle seismic constraints on the internal structure of Tenerife, Canary Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watts, A. B. "Tony"

    Wide-angle seismic constraints on the internal structure of Tenerife, Canary Islands J.P. Canalesa of Tenerife, Canary Islands. The experiment was designed as a seismic fan pro®le to detect azimuthal rights reserved. Keywords: seismic structure; P-wave velocity anomaly; Tenerife; Canary Islands 1

  15. Chloroplast microsatellites reveal colonisation and metapopulation dynamics in the1 Canary Island pine2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Chloroplast microsatellites reveal colonisation and metapopulation dynamics in the1 Canary Island.emerson@uea.ac.uk)14 15 KEYWORDS: Pinus canariensis; Canary Islands; mismatch distribution; chloroplast16 methods to empirical data obtained for35 the Canary Island pine (Pinus canariensis). The results

  16. Following more than 30 years of seismic and volcanic quiescence, the Canary Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sleeman, Reinoud

    Following more than 30 years of seismic and volcanic quiescence, the Canary Islands region located History Several eruptions have taken place in the Canary Islands in the last 500 years, all of them, TRANSACTIONS, AMERICAN GEOPHYSICAL UNION PAGES 61,65 Monitoring the Reawakening of Canary Islands'Teide Volcano

  17. Identification of Source Lithology in the Hawaiian and Canary Islands: Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Identification of Source Lithology in the Hawaiian and Canary Islands: Implications for Origins in localities such as the Canary Islands are deficient in SiO2, and mayhavebeengenerated by partial inclusions will be useful to evaluate its importance. In contrast to Hawaii, many ocean island basalts

  18. Silvae Genetica 57, 6 (2008) 357 Pinus canariensis is endemic to the western Canary Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    distances due to this elevation gradient in the Canary Island pine forest. Those differences, popula- tion differentiation, isolation by altitude. Introduction The Canary Islands are a volcanic archipelago situated 100 km off the NW coast of Africa (Figure 1). Pine forests in the Canary Islands

  19. Charge transport through a SET with a mechanically oscillating island N. M. Chtchelkatchev,1, 2, 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruder, Christoph

    the deviation of the island from its equilibrium position. (b) Equivalent circuit of the device on the mechanical displacement, thus, the vibrations of the island may influence the transport properties. Harmonic oscillations of the island and thermal vibrations change the transport characteristics in different ways

  20. Inorganic islands on a highly stretchable polyimide substrate Jeong-Yun Sun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inorganic islands on a highly stretchable polyimide substrate Jeong-Yun Sun Department of Material. A polyimide substrate is first coated with a thin layer of an elastomer, on top of which SiNx islands, but SiNx islands on much stiffer polyimide (PI) sub- strates crack and debond when the substrates

  1. Hard-and software implementation and verification of an Islanded House

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    Islanded House. Simulations showed that the discomfort can be decreased when also a battery is addedHard- and software implementation and verification of an Islanded House prototype Albert Molderink conclude that it is possible to create an Islanded House and to decrease the discomfort significantly

  2. Supersonic drift-tearing magnetic islands in tokamak plasmas R. Fitzpatrick, and F.L. Waelbroeck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitzpatrick, Richard

    by the plasma. Since the waves carry momentum, the inner region exerts a net force on the outer region, and vice the radial direc- tion) helical magnetic islands.3 Such islands degrade plasma confinement because heat weak coupling to drift-acoustic waves.13­16 On the other hand, supersonic island solutions

  3. Proceedings of the Sixth California Islands Symposium, Ventura, California, December 1 3, 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanchette, Carol Anne

    Proceedings of the Sixth California Islands Symposium, Ventura, California, December 1 ­ 3, 2003 of the Sixth California Islands Symposium, Ventura, California, December 1 ­ 3, 2003. National Park Service Islands National Park, 1901 Spinnaker Drive, Ventura, CA 93001 3 Department of Ecology, Evolution

  4. Scatterometer observations of wind variations induced by oceanic islands: Implications for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scatterometer observations of wind variations induced by oceanic islands: Implications for wind-driven of the Hawaiian and Cabo Verde islands on the mean atmospheric flow. A wake of weak winds, flanked by accelerated winds, appears for each major island of both archipelagos. The resulting wind stress curl displays

  5. Adv. Studies Theor. Phys., Vol. 4, 2010, no. 2, 67 -90 Channel Models of the Doppler Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drakakis, Konstantinos

    Adv. Studies Theor. Phys., Vol. 4, 2010, no. 2, 67 - 90 Channel Models of the Doppler Effect.Rickard@ucd.ie Abstract We offer a pedagogical study of the Doppler effect as a channel, and derive a mathematical model. We infer from these two observations that there is essentially only one Doppler effect in different

  6. Long Island Smart Metering Pilot Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) Smart Meter Pilots provided invaluable information and experience for future deployments of Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI), including the deployment planned as part of LIPAâ??s Smart Grid Demonstration Project (DE-OE0000220). LIPA will incorporate lessons learned from this pilot in future deployments, including lessons relating to equipment performance specifications and testing, as well as equipment deployment and tracking issues. LIPA ultimately deployed three AMI technologies instead of the two that were originally contemplated. This enabled LIPA to evaluate multiple systems in field conditions with a relatively small number of meter installations. LIPA experienced a number of equipment and software issues that it did not anticipate, including issues relating to equipment integration, ability to upgrade firmware and software â??over the airâ? (as opposed to physically interacting with every meter), and logistical challenges associated with tracking inventory and upgrade status of deployed meters. In addition to evaluating the technology, LIPA also piloted new Time-of-Use (TOU) rates to assess customer acceptance of time-differentiated pricing and to evaluate whether customers would respond by adjusting their activities from peak to non-peak periods. LIPA developed a marketing program to educate customers who received AMI in the pilot areas and to seek voluntary participation in TOU pricing. LIPA also guaranteed participating customers that, for their initial year on the rates, their electricity costs under the TOU rate would not exceed the amount they would have paid under the flat rates they would otherwise enjoy. 62 residential customers chose to participate in the TOU rates, and every one of them saved money during the first year. 61 of them also elected to stay on the TOU rate â?? without the cost guarantee â?? at the end of that year. The customer who chose not to continue on the rate was also the one who achieved the greatest savings. However, after the first year, the customer in question installed equipment that would have made TOU rates a more costly option than the residential flat rate. During the second year, all but one customer saved money. That customer increased usage during peak hours, and as a result saw an increase in annual costs (as compared to the flat rate) of $24.17. The results were less clear for commercial customers, which LIPA attributes to rate design issues that it will take into account for future deployments. LIPA views this pilot as a complete success. Not only is LIPA better prepared for a larger deployment of AMI, but it is confident that residential customers will accept AMI and TOU rates and shift their energy consumption from peak to non-peak periods in response to pricing. On a larger scale, this will benefit LIPA and all of its customers by potentially lowering peak demand when energy costs are highest.

  7. A parametric study of the effects of coal seam properties on gas drainage efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Remner, D.J.; Ertekin, T.; Sung, W.; King, G.R.

    1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A parametric study is conducted to investigate the effects of reservoir properties on gas drainage efficiency. It is found that when a coal seam is opened to production, the gas desorption and production rates increase to a maximum value and then decline. The magnitude of the early desorption peak was found to be a function of (1) the ability of the micropore matrix to supply gas to the macropore system, and (2) the coal seam's conductivity to water. The desorbing gas was observed to create a localized, high-gas-saturation bank in the area enclosed by the pressure transient. The gas bank provided an internal pressure maintenance to the reservoir, while it decreased the relative permeability to brine. This created a competing effect with respect to water production. Because water removal strongly influences the pressure decline and, consequently, the desorption rate, a unique production mechanism was observed. The study explored the interference effects on gas and water flow in multiple-well systems. It was found that the pressure drawdown caused by the multiple wells enhanced the desorption of gas into the macropore system and caused a positive interference effect on the gas flow rate. The water rate, however, encountered the more conventional negative interference effect.

  8. Experimental and theoretical studies of the effects of nonuniformities in equilibrium MHD generators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosenbaum, M.; Shamma, S.E.; Louis, J.F.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An experimental study of the effects of thermal and velocity nonuniformities is performed in an equilibrium plasma for a range of Hall parameters. An electrodeless MHD disk generator with radial flow is chosen as the ideal geometry for these experiments. By introducing equally spaced cold blades in the flow, it is possible to create well defined two-dimensional wake nonuniformities with strong variations of the plasma properties in the direction normal to the magnetic field and the flow. This type of nonuniformity is predicted to provide the strongest reduction of Hall coefficient and effective conductivity for high values of Hall parameter. This degradation is controlled by both the level of nonuniformities and the value of the ideal Hall parameter. The former is dependent upon the number of blades (root mean square deviation of the conductivity), and the latter is dependent upon the values of the magnetic field intensities. The results provide basic quantitative information about the effects of conductivity and velocity nonuniformities on the performance of equilibrium MHD generators over a wide range of Hall coefficients, between 2 and 7. Reduction formulae are established between the effective and ideal Hall parameters for different levels of nonuniformities intensities. Theoretical predictions are derived from a detailed two-dimensional electrodynamic analysis and a simplified engineering model based on a generalization of Rosa's layer model. These experiments validate the analytical studies and support the use of the theoretical layer models in describing the effect of boundary layers on the performance of linear generators.

  9. University of Rhode Island ELE 208: Intro to Computing Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sendag, Resit

    University of Rhode Island ELE 208: Intro to Computing Systems Style Guidelines for Assembly. Furthermore, programs written following appropriate style guidelines are easier to write and debug than whether this becomes an easy or an impossible task. The following guidelines will help you write well

  10. Craney Island Eastward Expansion, Norfolk Harbor and Channels Hampton Road,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    ,340,000. The Federal cost-share is limited to the present value of the least-cost long-term dredged material placement are estimated at $209,000 annually. The O&M costs consist entirely of maintenance dredging of the access channel Abstract: The recommended plan is to expand the existing Craney Island Dredged Material Management Area

  11. Community-Scale Environmental Measures and Urban Heat Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , are not well quantified. Community-scale environmental measures include solar collection technologiesCommunity-Scale Environmental Measures and Urban Heat Island Impacts Buildings End-Use Energy 2011 The Issue Community-scale environmental measures offer the potential to reduce energy use

  12. PREDATION BY SHARKS ON PINNIPEDS AT THE FARALLON ISLANDS1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the shark's head and dorsal and caudal fins which offered clues to species identification and estimationNOTES PREDATION BY SHARKS ON PINNIPEDS AT THE FARALLON ISLANDS1 What we know about mortality been found in shark stomachs. Sharks have thus be- come known as pinniped predators (e.g., Gogan2

  13. Bridge-Node Selection and Loss Recovery in Island Multicast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Shueng-Han Gary

    With the availability and penetration of multicast-capable routers, the local networks in the Internet nowadays are generally multicast-capable. These multicast domains or so- called "islands" are interconnected by routers-points (bridge- nodes), namely, Closest to Neighbor's Centroid (CNC), Clos- est to Neighbor's Leader (CNL

  14. Wave Energy Resources Representative Sites Around the Hawaiian Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flux p14 Appendix A ­ SWAN Numerical Model Calibration with NOAA/NDBO Buoys p21 #12;Wave Power. Vega Ph.D October 11, 2010 #12;Wave Power Resources off the Hawaiian Islands October 11, 2010 1 of Contents Summary p2 Background: Wave Power Conversion p3 Licensing and Permitting p3 Challenges

  15. CORSICA, ISLAND HERITAGE AND REGIONAL IDENTITY: TOWARDS TERRITORIAL INTELLIGENCE.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , a Mediterranean and European area, so it is rich of a historical and cultural heritage consequent on a territoryCORSICA, ISLAND HERITAGE AND REGIONAL IDENTITY: TOWARDS TERRITORIAL INTELLIGENCE. Marie Michèle of the heritage in a widened meaning and to position them in a logic of a mutualisation without borders

  16. DNA methylation and the analysis of CpG Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Czygrinow, Andrzej

    DNA methylation and the analysis of CpG Islands in genomes M. F. Wojciechowski MAT 351 25 March 2005 #12;#12;Nucleotides #12;Base pairing * * #12;DNA methylation In mammalian genomes, methylation residues represent a target for covalent modification of DNA Cytosine is one of two bases found commonly

  17. Air Quality and Emissions Impacts of Heat Island Mitigation Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Air Quality and Emissions Impacts of Heat Island Mitigation Strategies ENVIRONMENTAL AREA RESEARCH the temperature of the ground surface and the ambient air. This situation creates areas called urban heat summertime temperatures reduces electricity demand for air conditioning, which lowers air pollution levels

  18. Modeling of magnetic island formation in magnetic reconnection experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ji, Hantao

    . In the cohelicity injection with a mean toroidal field, the growing process of the island into a spheromak coalescence of spheromaks,5 where two types of operation mode have been pursued. One is a cohelicity merging using two identical spheromaks. The another one is a counterhelicity merging where toroidal fields

  19. University of Rhode Island inAdvance March 29, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    University of Rhode Island inAdvance March 29, 2007 Volume 4, Issue 7 Is today your lucky day? If you renew your membership in (or join) the URI Alumni Association before April 6, your name: Two season tickets for the 2007-2008 URI Men's Basketball home games; two season tickets for the 2007

  20. University of Rhode Island inAdvance March 31, 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    . To protect your privacy, log in is required. Thank you for taking the time to vote! Please URI first public family to their newly built home The URI College of Human Science and Services and South County HabitatUniversity of Rhode Island inAdvance March 31, 2005 Volume 2, Issue 7 There's no place like home