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1

Nauru Island Effect Study  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions andDataNational Library of1, 2007 (nextNauru Island Effect Study S. A.

2

Nauru Island Effect Detection Data Set  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

During Nauru99 it was noted that the island was producing small clouds that advected over the ARM site. The Nauru Island Effect Study was run for 1.5 years and the methodology developed to detect the occurrence. Nauru ACRF downwelling SW, wind direction, and air temperature data are used, along with downwelling SW data from Licor radiometers located on the southern end of the island near the airport landing strip. A statistical analysis and comparison of data from the two locations is used to detect the likely occurrence of an island influence on the Nauru ACRF site data

Long, Chuck

3

Aleutian Pribilof Islands Wind Energy Feasibility Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under this project, the Aleutian Pribilof Islands Association (APIA) conducted wind feasibility studies for Adak, False Pass, Nikolski, Sand Point and St. George. The DOE funds were also be used to continue APIA's role as project coordinator, to expand the communication network quality between all participants and with other wind interest groups in the state and to provide continued education and training opportunities for regional participants. This DOE project began 09/01/2005. We completed the economic and technical feasibility studies for Adak. These were funded by the Alaska Energy Authority. Both wind and hydro appear to be viable renewable energy options for Adak. In False Pass the wind resource is generally good but the site has high turbulence. This would require special care with turbine selection and operations. False Pass may be more suitable for a tidal project. APIA is funded to complete a False Pass tidal feasibility study in 2012. Nikolski has superb potential for wind power development with Class 7 wind power density, moderate wind shear, bi-directional winds and low turbulence. APIA secured nearly $1M from the United States Department of Agriculture Rural Utilities Service Assistance to Rural Communities with Extremely High Energy Costs to install a 65kW wind turbine. The measured average power density and wind speed at Sand Point measured at 20m (66ft), are 424 W/m2 and 6.7 m/s (14.9 mph) respectively. Two 500kW Vestas turbines were installed and when fully integrated in 2012 are expected to provide a cost effective and clean source of electricity, reduce overall diesel fuel consumption estimated at 130,000 gallons/year and decrease air emissions associated with the consumption of diesel fuel. St. George Island has a Class 7 wind resource, which is superior for wind power development. The current strategy, led by Alaska Energy Authority, is to upgrade the St. George electrical distribution system and power plant. Avian studies in Nikolski and Sand Point have allowed for proper wind turbine siting without killing birds, especially endangered species and bald eagles. APIA continues coordinating and looking for funding opportunities for regional renewable energy projects. An important goal for APIA has been, and will continue to be, to involve community members with renewable energy projects and energy conservation efforts.

Bruce A. Wright

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

4

Resuspension studies in the Marshall Islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The contribution of inhalation exposure to the total dose for residents of the Marshall Islands was monitored at occasions of opportunity on several islands in the Bikini and Enewetak Atolls. To determine the long-term potential for inhalation exposure, and to understand the mechanisms of redistribution and personal exposure, additional investigations were undertaken on Bikini Island under modified and controlled conditions. Experiments were conducted to provide key parameters for the assessment of inhalation exposure from plutonium-contaminated dust aerosols: characterization of the contribution of plutonium in soil-borne aerosols as compared to sea spray and organic aerosols, determination of plutonium resuspension rates as measured by the meteorological flux-gradient method during extreme conditions of a bare-soil vs. a stabilized surface, determination of the approximate individual exposures to resuspended plutonium by traffic, and studies of exposures to individuals in different occupational environments simulated by personal air sampling of workers assigned to a variety of tasks. Enhancement factors (defined as ratios of the plutonium-activity), of suspended aerosols relative to the plutonium-activity of the soil were determined to be less than 1 (typically 0.4 to 0.7) in the undisturbed, vegetated areas, but greater than 1 (as high as 3) for the case studies of disturbed bare soil, roadside travel, and for occupational duties in fields and in and around houses. 12 refs., 5 figs., 8 tabs.

Shinn, J.H.; Homan, D.N.; Robison, W.L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

ISLANDER  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

003251WKSTN00 Genomic Island Identification Software v 1.0 http://bioinformatics.sandia.gov/software

6

HEALTH EFFECTS OF THE NUCLEAR ACCIDENT AT THREE MILE ISLAND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

occurred during the nuclear accident, and probably noHEALTH EFFECTS OF THE NUCLEAR ACCIDENT AT MILE ISLAND JacobENG-48 HEALTH EFFECTS OF THE NUCLEAR ACCIDENT A T THREE MILE

Fabrikant, J.I.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Kauai Island Utility Co-op (KIUC) PV integration study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report investigates the effects that increased distributed photovoltaic (PV) generation would have on the Kauai Island Utility Co-op (KIUC) system operating requirements. The study focused on determining reserve requirements needed to mitigate the impact of PV variability on system frequency, and the impact on operating costs. Scenarios of 5-MW, 10-MW, and 15-MW nameplate capacity of PV generation plants distributed across the Kauai Island were considered in this study. The analysis required synthesis of the PV solar resource data and modeling of the KIUC system inertia. Based on the results, some findings and conclusions could be drawn, including that the selection of units identified as marginal resources that are used for load following will change; PV penetration will displace energy generated by existing conventional units, thus reducing overall fuel consumption; PV penetration at any deployment level is not likely to reduce system peak load; and increasing PV penetration has little effect on load-following reserves. The study was performed by EnerNex under contract from Sandia National Laboratories with cooperation from KIUC.

Ellis, Abraham; Mousseau, Tom (Knoxville, TN)

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Kauai Island Utility Cooperative energy storage study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories performed an assessment of the benefits of energy storage for the Kauai Island Utility Cooperative. This report documents the methodology and results of this study from a generation and production-side benefits perspective only. The KIUC energy storage study focused on the economic impact of using energy storage to shave the system peak, which reduces generator run time and consequently reduces fuel and operation and maintenance (O&M) costs. It was determined that a 16-MWh energy storage system would suit KIUC's needs, taking into account the size of the 13 individual generation units in the KIUC system and a system peak of 78 MW. The analysis shows that an energy storage system substantially reduces the run time of Units D1, D2, D3, and D5 - the four smallest and oldest diesel generators at the Port Allen generating plant. The availability of stored energy also evens the diurnal variability of the remaining generation units during the off- and on-peak periods. However, the net economic benefit is insufficient to justify a load-leveling type of energy storage system at this time. While the presence of storage helps reduce the run time of the smaller and older units, the economic dispatch changes and the largest most efficient unit in the KIUC system, the 27.5-MW steam-injected combustion turbine at Kapaia, is run for extra hours to provide the recharge energy for the storage system. The economic benefits of the storage is significantly reduced because the charging energy for the storage is derived from the same fuel source as the peak generation source it displaces. This situation would be substantially different if there were a renewable energy source available to charge the storage. Especially, if there is a wind generation resource introduced in the KIUC system, there may be a potential of capturing the load-leveling benefits as well as using the storage to dampen the dynamic instability that the wind generation could introduce into the KIUC grid. General Electric is presently conducting such a study and results of this study will be available in the near future. Another study conducted by Electric Power Systems, Inc. (EPS) in May 2006 took a broader approach to determine the causes of KIUC system outages. This study concluded that energy storage with batteries will provide stability benefits and possibly eliminate the load shedding while also providing positive voltage control. Due to the lack of fuel diversity in the KIUC generation mix, SNL recommends that KIUC continue its efforts to quantify the dynamic benefits of storage. The value of the dynamic benefits, especially as an enabler of renewable generation such as wind energy, may be far greater than the production cost benefits alone. A combination of these benefits may provide KIUC sufficient positive economic and operational benefits to implement an energy storage project that will contribute to the overall enhancement of the KIUC system.

Akhil, Abbas Ali; Yamane, Mike (Kauai Island Utility Cooperative, Lihu'e, HI); Murray, Aaron T.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Distributed Wind Case Study: Cross Island Farms, Wellesley Island, New York (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Installing a small wind turbine can sometimes be difficult due to economics, zoning issues, public perception, and other barriers. Persistence and innovation, however, can result in a successful installation. Dani Baker and David Belding own Cross Island Farms, a 102-acre certified organic farm on Wellesley Island in northern New York. In 2009, they took their interest in renewable energy to the next level by researching the logistics of a small wind installation on their land to make their farm even more sustainable. Their renewable energy system consists of one 10-kilowatt Bergey Excel wind turbine, a solar array, and a propane-powered generator. This case study describes funding for the project and the installation process.

Not Available

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

REACTOR DOSIMETRY STUDY OF THE RHODE ISLAND NUCLEAR SCIENCE CENTER.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Rhode Island Nuclear Science Center (RINSC), located on the Narragansett Bay Campus of the University of Rhode Island, is a state-owned and US NRC-licensed nuclear facility constructed for educational and industrial applications. The main building of RINSC houses a two-megawatt (2 MW) thermal power critical reactor immersed in demineralized water within a shielded tank. As its original design in 1958 by the Rhode Island Atomic Energy Commission focused on the teaching and research use of the facility, only a minimum of 3.85 kg fissile uranium-235 was maintained in the fuel elements to allow the reactor to reach a critical state. In 1986 when RINSC was temporarily shutdown to start US DOE-directed core conversion project for national security reasons, all the U-Al based Highly-Enriched Uranium (HEU, 93% uranium-235 in the total uranium) fuel elements were replaced by the newly developed U{sub 3}Si{sub 2}-Al based Low Enriched Uranium (LEU, {le}20% uranium-235 in the total uranium) elements. The reactor first went critical after the core conversion was achieved in 1993, and feasibility study on the core upgrade to accommodate Boron Neutron-Captured Therapy (BNCT) was completed in 2000 [3]. The 2-MW critical reactor at RINSC which includes six beam tubes, a thermal column, a gamma-ray experimental station and two pneumatic tubes has been extensive utilized as neutron-and-photon dual source for nuclear-specific research in areas of material science, fundamental physics, biochemistry, and radiation therapy. After the core conversion along with several major system upgrade (e.g. a new 3-MW cooling tower, a large secondary piping system, a set of digitized power-level instrument), the reactor has become more compact and thus more effective to generate high beam flux in both the in-core and ex-core regions for advance research. If not limited by the manpower and operating budget in recent years, the RINSC built ''in concrete'' structure and control systems should have been systematically upgraded to a 5 Mw power facility to further enhance its experimental capability while still maintaining its safe margin as designed.

HOLDEN, N.E.,; RECINIELLO, R.N.; HU, J.-P.

2005-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

11

HEALTH EFFECTS OF THE NUCLEAR ACCIDENT AT THREE MILE ISLAND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Commission on the Accident at Three Mile Island (Fabrikant,Commission on the Accident at Three Mile Island. (Fahrikant,Commission on the Accident at Three Mile Island. (Fabrikant,

Fabrikant, J.I.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

A Preliminary Study of the Marine Biota at Navassa Island, Caribbean Sea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Preliminary Study of the Marine Biota at Navassa Island, Caribbean Sea MARK GRACE, MELISSA.gov]. ABSTRACT--A preliminary study of reef fish and sharks was conducted at Navassa Island in the Caribbean Sea remote loca tion (southwest of the Windward Passage, Caribbean Sea) and lack of human habi tation. Reef

13

Cost-Effectiveness of ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 for the State of Rhode Island  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Moving to the ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-2010 version from the Base Code (90.1-2007) is cost-effective for all building types and climate zones in the State of Rhode Island.

Hart, Philip R.; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Xie, YuLong; Zhang, Jian; Richman, Eric E.; Elliott, Douglas B.; Loper, Susan A.; Myer, Michael

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Aeromagnetic study of the Island of Hawaii | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergy Information Lightning Dock Area (Cunniff &Energythe Island

15

Identifying Cost-Effective Residential Energy Efficiency Opportunities for the Kauai Island Utility Cooperative  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This analysis is an update to the 2005 Energy Efficiency Potential Study completed by KEMA for the Kauai Island Utility Cooperative (KIUC) and identifies potential energy efficiency opportunities in the residential sector on Kauai (KEMA 2005). The Total Resource Cost (TRC) test is used to determine which of the energy efficiency measures analyzed in the KEMA report are cost effective for KIUC to include in a residential energy efficiency program. This report finds that there remains potential energy efficiency savings that could be cost-effectively incentivized through a utility residential demand-side management program on Kauai if implemented in such a way that the program costs per measure are consistent with the current residential program costs.

Busche, S.; Hockett, S.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Titanium Silicide Islands on Atomically Clean Si(100): Identifying Single Electron Tunneling Effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Titanium silicide islands have been formed by the ultrahigh vacuum deposition of thin films of titanium (< 2 nm) on atomically clean Si(100) substrates followed by annealing to ~800 degrees C. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and scanning tunneling spectroscopy have been performed on these islands to record current-voltage (I-V) curves. Because each island forms a double barrier tunnel junction (DBTJ) structure with the STM tip and the substrate, they would be expected to exhibit single electron tunneling (SET) according to the orthodox model of SET. Some of the islands formed are small enough (diameter < 10 nm) to exhibit SET at room temperature and evidence of SET has been identified in some of the I-V curves recorded from these small islands. Those curves are analyzed within the framework of the orthodox model and are found to be consistent with that model, except for slight discrepancies of the shape of the I-V curves at current steps. However, most islands that were expected to exhibit SET did not do so, and the reasons for the absence of observable SET are evaluated. The most likely reasons for the absence of SET are determined to be a wide depletion region in the substrate and Schottky barrier lowering due to Fermi level pinning by surface states of the clean silicon near the islands. The results establish that although the Schottky barrier can act as an effective tunnel junction in a DBTJ structure, the islands may be unreliable in future nanoelectronic devices. Therefore, methods are discussed to improve the reliability of future devices.

Joseph L. Tedesco; J. E. Rowe; Robert J. Nemanich

2010-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

17

Ratchet Effect and the Transporting Islands in the Chaotic Sea Lei Wang,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ratchet Effect and the Transporting Islands in the Chaotic Sea Lei Wang,1,2 Giuliano Benenti,3 dissipative system. We consider the generic case of mixed phase space and show that large ratchet currents can.1103/PhysRevLett.99.244101 PACS numbers: 05.45.Pq, 05.60.Cd The ratchet effect, that is, the possibility

Li, Baowen

18

Study and Development of Anti-Islanding Control for Synchronous Machine-Based Distributed Generators: November 2001--March 2004  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the study and development of new active anti-islanding control schemes for synchronous machine-based distributed generators, including engine generators and gas turbines.

Ye, Z.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Magnetic island evolution in hot ion plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Effects of finite ion temperature on magnetic island evolution are studied by means of numerical simulations of a reduced set of two-fluid equations which include ion as well as electron diamagnetism in slab geometry. The polarization current is found to be almost an order of magnitude larger in hot than in cold ion plasmas, due to the strong shear of ion velocity around the separatrix of the magnetic islands. As a function of the island width, the propagation speed decreases from the electron drift velocity (for islands thinner than the Larmor radius) to values close to the guiding-center velocity (for islands of order 10 times the Larmor radius). In the latter regime, the polarization current is destabilizing (i.e., it drives magnetic island growth). This is in contrast to cold ion plasmas, where the polarization current is generally found to have a healing effect on freely propagating magnetic island.

Ishizawa, A.; Nakajima, N. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292 (Japan); Waelbroeck, F. L.; Fitzpatrick, R.; Horton, W. [Institute for Fusion Studies, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

20

A Feasibility Study for Wind/Hybrid Power System Applications for New England Islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wind/hybrid systems. A feasibility study, carried out at the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory (RERLA Feasibility Study for Wind/Hybrid Power System Applications for New England Islands Gabriel Blanco, James F. Manwell, and Jon G. McGowan Renewable Energy Research Laboratory, University

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Numerical Simulations of Island Effects on Airflow and Weather during the Summer over the Island of Oahu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Honolulu, Hawaii FRANCIS FUJIOKA Pacific Southwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Riverside flow from the open ocean is distorted and disrupted by the mountains, hills, and valleys of the islands

Chen, Yi-Leng

22

Weeks Island brine diffuser site study: baseline conditions and environmental assessment technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This technical report presents the results of a study conducted at two alternative brine diffuser sites (A and B) proposed for the Weeks Island salt dome, together with an analysis of the potential physical, chemical, and biological effects of brine disposal for this area of the Gulf of Mexico. Brine would result from either the leaching of salt domes to form or enlarge oil storage caverns, or the subsequent use of these caverns for crude oil storage in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) program. Brine leached from the Weeks Island salt dome would be transported through a pipeline which would extend from the salt dome either 27 nautical miles (32 statute miles) for Site A, or 41 nautical miles (47 statute miles) for Site B, into Gulf waters. The brine would be discharged at these sites through an offshore diffuser at a sustained peak rate of 39 ft/sup 3//sec. The disposal of large quantities of brine in the Gulf could have a significant impact on the biology and water quality of the area. Physical and chemical measurements of the marine environment at Sites A and B were taken between September 1977 and July 1978 to correlate the existing environmental conditions with the estimated physical extent of tthe brine discharge as predicted by the MIT model (US Dept. of Commerce, 1977a). Measurements of wind, tide, waves, currents, and stratification (water column structure) were also obtained since the diffusion and dispersion of the brine plume are a function of the local circulation regime. These data were used to calculate both near- and far-field concentrations of brine, and may also be used in the design criteria for diffuser port configuration and verification of the plume model. Biological samples were taken to characterize the sites and to predict potential areas of impact with regard to the discharge. This sampling focused on benthic organisms and demersal fish. (DMC)

None

1980-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

23

Bioremediation demonstration on Kwajalein Island: Site characterization and on-site biotreatability studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An environmental study was conducted during February 1991 on Kwajalein Island, a US Army Kwajalein Atoll (USAKA) Base in the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI). This study was undertaken for the US Department of Energy (DOE) Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions Program (HAZWRAP) acting in behalf of USAKA. The purpose of the study was to determine if selected locations for new construction on Kwajalein Island were contaminated by petroleum hydrocarbons as suspected and, if so, whether bioremediation appeared to be a feasible technology for environmental restoration. Two different sites were evaluated: (1) the site planned freshwater production facility and (2) a site adjacent to an aboveground diesel fuel storage tank. Within the proposed construction zone for the freshwater production facility (a.k.a desalination plant), total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) where either absent or at low levels. Characterization data for another potential construction site adjacent to an aboveground diesel fuel storage tank southeast of the old diesel power plant revealed high concentrations of diesel fuel in the soil and groundwater beneath the site. Results of this investigation indicate that there are petroleum-contaminated soils on Kwajalein Island and bioremediation appears to be a viable environmental restoration technique. Further experimentation and field demonstration are required to determine the design and operating conditions that provide for optimum biodegradation and restoration of the petroleum-contaminated soils. 17 refs., 7 figs., 26 figs.

Siegrist, R.L.; Korte, N.E.; Pickering, D.A. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Phelps, T.J. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States))

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Afro-Caribbean pemphigus : epidemiological data from a 5-year prospective study on the island of Guadeloupe (French West Indies)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Afro-Caribbean pemphigus : epidemiological data from a 5-year prospective study on the island pemphigus in the Afro- Caribbean population. Objectives: To describe the epidemiology of autoimmune pemphigus on the island of Guadeloupe (French West Indies, 400736 inhabitants, mostly black Caribbean

Boyer, Edmond

25

Feasibility study for a tropical island sea kayaking ecotourism business  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's environmental education pacl'. age. VKE Shuttle Tour Description After collection of guests, the Shuttle will climb out of Cru- Bay on Centerline Road (Route 10), wind past Neptune Richards' pig and cow farm and then begin the cool, B ? minute run along.... S. University of Connecticut. Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Louis 4. Hodges This feasibility study i? being undertaken in preparation for possible establishment of an "ecotouristic" sea kayaking tour business to be located in Coral Bay, St...

Eldergill, Mary Alexandria

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

University of Washington`s radioecological studies in the Marshall Islands, 1946-1977  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1946, personnel from the School of Fisheries, University of Washington, have studied the effects of nuclear detonations and the ensuing radioactivity on the marine and terrestrial environments throughout the Central Pacific. A collection of reports and publications about these activities plus a collection of several thousand samples from these periods are kept at the School of Fisheries. General findings from the surveys show that (1) fission products were prevalent in organisms of the terrestrial environment whereas activation products were prevalent in marine organisms; (2) the best biological indicators of fallout radionuclides by environments were (a) terrestrial-coconuts, land crabs; (b) reef-algae, invertebrates; and (c) marine-plankton, fish. Studies of plutonium and americium in Bikini Atoll showed that during 1971-1977 the highest concentrations of {sup 241}Am, 2.85 Bq g-{close_quote} (77 pCi g{sup -1}) and {sup 239,240}Pu, 4.44 Bq g{sup -1} (120 pCi g{sup -1}), in surface sediments were found in the northwest part of the lagoon. The concentrations in the bomb craters were substantially lower than these values. Concentrations of soluble and particulate plutonium and americium in surface and deep water samples showed distributions similar to the sediment samples. That is, the highest concentration of these radionuclides in the water column were at locations with highest sediment concentration. Continuous circulation of water in the lagoon and exchange of water with open ocean resulted in removal of 111 G Bq y{sup -1} (3 Ci y{sup -1}) {sup 241}Am and 222 G Bq y{sup -1} (6 Ci y{sup -1}) {sup 239,240}Pu into the North Equatorial Current. A summary of the surveys, findings, and the historical role of the Laboratory in radioecological studies of the Marshall Islands are presented. 23 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

Donaldson, L.R.; Seymour, A.H.; Nevissi, A.E. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Results of the Weeks Island Strategic Petroleum Reserve Oil Leak Risk Assessment Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study evaluated multiple, long-term environmental oil-contamination risk scenarios that could result from the potential leakage of UP to 1.5 million barrels of crude oil entombed in the Weeks Island SPR mine following site decommissioning and abandonment, and up to 100 years thereafter. This risk assessment also provides continuity with similar risk evaluations performed earlier and documented in the 1995 DOE Environmental Assessment for Decommissioning the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Weeks Island Facility (EA). This current study was requested by the DOE to help them determine if their previous Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI), in the EA, is still valid or needs to be rescinded. Based on the calculated environmental risk results (in terms of clean-up and remediation expenses) presented in this risk assessment, including the calculated average likelihoods of oil release and potential oil-leakage volumes, none of the evaluated risk events would appear to satisfy the definition of significant environmental impact in National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) terminology. The DOE may combine these current results with their earlier evaluations and interpretations in the 1995 EA in order to assess whether the existing FONSI is still accurate, acceptable, and valid. However, from a risk evaluation standpoint, the assessment of impacts appears to be the same whether only 10,000 to 30,000 barrels of crude oil (as considered in the 1995 EA), or up to 1.5 million barrels of oil (as considered herein) are abandoned in the Weeks Island SPR facility.

Molecke, M.A.; Hinkebein, T.E.; Bauer, S.J.; Linn, J.K.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Arctic ice islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of offshore oil and gas resources in the Arctic waters of Alaska requires offshore structures which successfully resist the lateral forces due to moving, drifting ice. Ice islands are floating, a tabular icebergs, up to 60 meters thick, of solid ice throughout their thickness. The ice islands are thus regarded as the strongest ice features in the Arctic; fixed offshore structures which can directly withstand the impact of ice islands are possible but in some locations may be so expensive as to make oilfield development uneconomic. The resolution of the ice island problem requires two research steps: (1) calculation of the probability of interaction between an ice island and an offshore structure in a given region; and (2) if the probability if sufficiently large, then the study of possible interactions between ice island and structure, to discover mitigative measures to deal with the moving ice island. The ice island research conducted during the 1983-1988 interval, which is summarized in this report, was concerned with the first step. Monte Carlo simulations of ice island generation and movement suggest that ice island lifetimes range from 0 to 70 years, and that 85% of the lifetimes are less then 35 years. The simulation shows a mean value of 18 ice islands present at any time in the Arctic Ocean, with a 90% probability of less than 30 ice islands. At this time, approximately 34 ice islands are known, from observations, to exist in the Arctic Ocean, not including the 10-meter thick class of ice islands. Return interval plots from the simulation show that coastal zones of the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas, already leased for oil development, have ice island recurrences of 10 to 100 years. This implies that the ice island hazard must be considered thoroughly, and appropriate safety measures adopted, when offshore oil production plans are formulated for the Alaskan Arctic offshore. 132 refs., 161 figs., 17 tabs.

Sackinger, W.M.; Jeffries, M.O.; Lu, M.C.; Li, F.C.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Near-surface gas mapping studies of salt geologic features at Weeks Island and other sites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Field sampling and rapid gas analysis techniques were used to survey near-surface soil gases for geotechnical diagnostic purposes at the Weeks Island Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) site and other salt dome locations in southern Louisiana. This report presents the complete data, results and interpretations obtained during 1995. Weeks Island 1994 gas survey results are also briefly summarized; this earlier study did not find a definitive correlation between sinkhole No. 1 and soil gases. During 1995, several hundred soil gas samples were obtained and analyzed in the field by gas chromatography, for profiling low concentrations and gas anomalies at ppm to percent levels. The target gases included hydrogen, methane, ethane and ethylene. To supplement the field data, additional gas samples were collected at various site locations for laboratory analysis of target gases at ppb levels. Gases in the near-surface soil originate predominantly from the oil, from petrogenic sources within the salt, or from surface microbial activity. Surveys were conducted across two Weeks Island sinkholes, several mapped anomalous zones in the salt, and over the SPR repository site and its perimeter. Samples were also taken at other south Louisiana salt dome locations for comparative purposes. Notable results from these studies are that elevated levels of hydrogen and methane (1) were positively associated with anomalous gassy or shear zones in the salt dome(s) and (2) are also associated with suspected salt fracture (dilatant) zones over the edges of the SPR repository. Significantly elevated areas of hydrogen, methane, plus some ethane, were found over anomalous shear zones in the salt, particularly in a location over high pressure gas pockets in the salt, identified in the mine prior to SPR operations. Limited stable isotope ratio analyses, SIRA, were also conducted and determined that methane samples were of petrogenic origin, not biogenic.

Molecke, M.A. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Carney, K.R.; Autin, W.J.; Overton, E.B. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Examining the Impact of Spatial Development Patterns on Regional Heat Island Effect in Metropolitan Regions of the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The urban heat island effect is considered one of the main causes of global warming and is contributing to increasing temperatures in the urban United States. This phenomenon enhances the intensity of summer heat waves and the risk to public health...

Kim, Heeju

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

31

Analysis of the Potential for a Heat Island Effect in Large Solar Vasilis Fthenakis1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of the Potential for a Heat Island Effect in Large Solar Farms Vasilis Fthenakis1 flow fields induced by large solar PV farms to answer questions pertaining to potential impacts simulations of a 1 MW section of a solar farm in North America and compared the results with recorded wind

32

Dissolved metal contamination in the East RiverLong Island sound system: potential biological effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the United States. The ER璚LIS region receives treated sewage from 18 wastewater treatment plants in New YorkDissolved metal contamination in the East River璍ong Island sound system: potential biological sewage, and to assess its possible biological impact on local waters. The East River璍ong Island Sound

Johnsen, S鰊ke

33

Preliminary Analysis of the Nauru Island Effect Study Data  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - SeptemberMicroneedles for medical point07.06 Agenda 2006 USER MEETINGSurfacethe

34

Identifying Cost-Effective Residential Energy Efficiency Opportunities for the Kauai Island Utility Cooperative  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

This analysis is an update to the Energy Efficiency Potential report completed by KEMA for the Kauai Island Utility Cooperative (KIUC) and identifies potential energy efficiency opportunities in the residential sector on Kaua慽 (KEMA 2005).

35

Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides an independent review included an initial evaluation of the technical configuration and capital costs of establishing an undersea cable system and examining impacts to the existing electric transmission systems as a result of interconnecting the islands.

Woodford, D.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Matching energy storage to small island electricity systems : a case study of the Azores  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Island economies rely almost entirely on imported diesel and fuel oil to supply their energy needs, resulting in significant economic and environmental costs. In recognition of the benefits of clean energy development, ...

Cross-Call, Daniel Frederick

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS); Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides an independent review including an initial evaluation of the technical configuration and capital costs of establishing an undersea cable system and examining impacts to the existing electric transmission systems as a result of interconnecting the islands

Woodford, D.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Atomistic simulation study of misfit strain relaxation mechanisms in heteroepitaxial islands Avinash M. Dongare and Leonid V. Zhigilei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Stress distributions are analyzed for coherent and dislocated islands. Thermally-activated nucleation of small, tens of nm in size, clusters or islands. One of the methods of quantum dot generation is lattice by heteroepitaxial growth is sensitive to the stress distribution in and around the island. Moreover, when the island

Zhigilei, Leonid V.

39

Study of nuclei in the vicinity of the "Island of Inversion" through fusion-evaporation reaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the first observation of high-spin states in nuclei in the vicinity of the "island of inversion", populated via the 18O+18O fusion reaction at an incident beam energy of 34 MeV. The fusion reaction mechanism circumvents the limitations of non-equilibrated reactions used to populate these nuclei. Detailed spin-parity measurements in these difficult to populate nuclei have been possible from the observed coincidence anisotropy and the linear polarization measurements. The spectroscopy of 33,34P and 33S is presented in detail along with the results of calculations within the shell model framework.

R. Chakrabarti; S. Mukhopadhyay Krishichayan; A. Chakraborty; A. Ghosh; S. Ray; S. S. Ghugre; A. K. Sinha; L. Chaturvedi; A. Y. Deo; I. Mazumdar; P. K. Joshi; R. Palit; Z. Naik; S. Kumar; N. Madhavan; R. P. Singh; S. Muralithar; B. K. Yogi; U. Garg

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

40

Studies on the ecology of two species of Donax on Mustang Island, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of D. variabilis on Mustang Island, Texas Figure 2b Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 ? Photographs of windrows of hinged shells of D. tumida taken during a spectacular die-off in ~la e May 1952 at Grand Isle, Louisiana ? Length... group at half-millimeter intervals from 8 to 21. 5 millimeters were measured and the weight in grams of live clams, wet meat, dry meat, wet and dry shell was recorded. Using these data along with the water displacement of Donax per mile of beach...

Loesch, Harold Carl

1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

ISLAND UNIVERSES ISLAND UNIVERSES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emsellem, Jes煤s Falc贸n颅 Barroso, Michele Cappellari and Tim de Zeeuw Galactic Rotation Using Open Star Galaxies 195 E. Athanassoula A SAURON Study of Stars and Gas in Sa Bulges 201 J. Falcon-Barroso, R. Bacon

Kruit, Piet van der

42

Mass Wasting in the Western Galapagos Islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Hawaiian Islands, the western Galapagos Islands appear to be characterized by small slump sheets existing along the steep shallow submarine flanks of the island and by debris flows that are flanked by rift zones and extend off the platform. This study...

Hall, Hillary

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

43

All I l d G id St d R lt i t tiAll Island Grid Study Results concerning system operation Peter Meibom, Ris DTU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Britain: 路 Eight aggregated power plant classes 路 Wind power production time series equal to Irish wind: Wind variability management studies 路 Impacts of renewable generation on All-Island power system 路 Stochastic input in the form of a scenario tree 路 Stochastic input: Wi d d ti f t (di t h)路 Wind power

44

Performance Analysis of Positive-feedback-based Active Anti-islanding Schemes for Inverter-Based Distributed Generators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently proposed positive-feedback-based anti-islanding schemes (AI) are highly effective in preventing islanding without causing any degradation in power quality. This paper aims to analyze the performance of these schemes quantitatively in the context of the dynamic models of inverter-based distributed generators (DG). In this study, the characteristics of these active anti-islanding methods are discussed and design guidelines are derived.

Du, Pengwei; Aponte, Erick E.; Nelson, J. Keith

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

45

Social and economic effects of the accident at Three Mile Island  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The emphasis is on effects of the accident on the region of southcentral Pennsylvania that surrounds the station site. A variety of data sources were utilized including published documents and statistics, household surveys, other research about the accident, newspaper files, and interviews with key informants. Findings are grouped into the effects on (1) the regional economy, (2) institutions, and (3) individuals. The report focuses on the two-week emergency period immediately following the accident and on continuing effects through the end of September 1979. The report ends with the identification of potential longer-term effects.

Flynn, C.B.; Chalmers, J.A.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Using Cool Roofs to Reduce Energy Use, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, and Urban Heat-island Effects: Findings from an India Experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cool roofs, cool pavements, and urban vegetation reduce energy use in buildings, lower local air pollutant concentrations, and decrease greenhouse gas emissions from urban areas. This report summarizes the results of a detailed monitoring project in India and related simulations of meteorology and air quality in three developing countries. The field results quantified direct energy savings from installation of cool roofs on individual commercial buildings. The measured annual energy savings potential from roof-whitening of previously black roofs ranged from 20-22 kWh/m2 of roof area, corresponding to an air-conditioning energy use reduction of 14-26% in commercial buildings. The study estimated that typical annual savings of 13-14 kWh/m2 of roof area could be achieved by applying white coating to uncoated concrete roofs on commercial buildings in the Metropolitan Hyderabad region, corresponding to cooling energy savings of 10-19%. With the assumption of an annual increase of 100,000 square meters of new roof construction for the next 10 years in the Metropolitan Hyderabad region, the annual cooling energy savings due to whitening concrete roof would be 13-14 GWh of electricity in year ten alone, with cumulative 10-year cooling energy savings of 73-79 GWh for the region. The estimated savings for the entire country would be at least 10 times the savings in Hyderabad, i.e., more than 730-790 GWh. We estimated that annual direct CO2 reduction associated with reduced energy use would be 11-12 kg CO2/m2 of flat concrete roof area whitened, and the cumulative 10-year CO2 reduction would be approximately 0.60-0.65 million tons in India. With the price of electricity estimated at seven Rupees per kWh, the annual electricity savings on air-conditioning would be approximately 93-101 Rupees per m2 of roof. This would translate into annual national savings of approximately one billion Rupees in year ten, and cumulative 10-year savings of over five billion Rupees for cooling energy in India. Meteorological simulations in this study indicated that a reduction of 2C in air temperature in the Hyderabad area would be likely if a combination of increased surface albedo and vegetative cover are used as urban heat-island control strategies. In addition, air-temperature reductions on the order of 2.5-3.5C could be achieved if moderate and aggressive heat-island mitigation measures are adopted, respectively. A large-scale deployment of mitigation measures can bring additional indirect benefit to the urban area. For example, cooling outside air can improve the efficiency of cooling systems, reduce smog and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and indirectly reduce pollution from power plants - all improving environmental health quality. This study has demonstrated the effectiveness of cool-roof technology as one of the urban heat-island control strategies for the Indian industrial and scientific communities and has provided an estimate of the national energy savings potential of cool roofs in India. These outcomes can be used for developing cool-roof building standards and related policies in India. Additional field studies, built upon the successes and lessons learned from this project, may be helpful to further confirm the scale of potential energy savings from the application of cooler roofs in various regions of India. In the future, a more rigorous meteorological simulation using urbanized (meso-urban) meteorological models should be conducted, which may produce a more accurate estimate of the air-temperature reductions for the entire urban area.

Akbari, Hashem; Xu, Tengfang; Taha, Haider; Wray, Craig; Sathaye, Jayant; Garg, Vishal; Tetali, Surekha; Babu, M. Hari; Reddy, K. Niranjan

2011-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

47

Island Energy Snapshots  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

These energy snapshots highlight the energy landscape of islands in the Caribbean and the surrounding area.

48

Wind turbine generator interaction with conventional diesel generators on Block Island, Rhode Island. Volume 1. Executive summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the primary results of a three-part study involving the effects of connecting a MOD-OA wind turbine generator to an isolated diesel power system. The subject utility is that owned and operated by the Block Island Power Company (BIPCO). The MOD-OA installation here was the third of four experimental nominal 200 kW wind turbines connected to various utilities under the Federal Wind Energy Program. The BIPCO installation was characterized by the highest wind energy penetration levels of four sites and, as such, was adjudged the best candidate for conducting the data acquisition and analysis effort that is the subject of this study. The three-phases of the study analysis address: (1) fuel displacement, (2) dynamic interaction, and (3) three modes of reactive power control. These analyses all have as their basis the results of the data acquisition program conducted during 1982 from February into April on Block Island, Rhode Island.

Wilreker, V.F.; Stiller, P.H.; Scott, G.W.; Kruse, V.J.; Smith, R.F.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Effect of Energy Storage in Increasing the Penetration of RES in the Remote Island of Agios Efstratios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a promising clean energy generation alternative and contribute to the limitation of the aforementioned ecosystem, national authorities have decided to establish a fossil-fuel-independent energy profile on the island. According to annual time series provided by the Center for Renewable Energy Sources and Savings

Chaudhary, Sanjay

50

The effects of parasitism on feeding preferences and litter decomposition rates of amphipods in the Plum Island Estuary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the behavior is not related to a greater energy demand. Amphipods parasitized by trematodes have been found-dominated systems, and are home to a variety of detritivores. Amphipods parasitized by trematodes are readily. Fertilization did not affect feeding preference. Key Words: parasite; amphipod; Plum Island; Spartina; behavior

Vallino, Joseph J.

51

Pathogenicity island mobility and gene content.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Key goals towards national biosecurity include methods for analyzing pathogens, predicting their emergence, and developing countermeasures. These goals are served by studying bacterial genes that promote pathogenicity and the pathogenicity islands that mobilize them. Cyberinfrastructure promoting an island database advances this field and enables deeper bioinformatic analysis that may identify novel pathogenicity genes. New automated methods and rich visualizations were developed for identifying pathogenicity islands, based on the principle that islands occur sporadically among closely related strains. The chromosomally-ordered pan-genome organizes all genes from a clade of strains; gaps in this visualization indicate islands, and decorations of the gene matrix facilitate exploration of island gene functions. A %E2%80%9Clearned phyloblocks%E2%80%9D method was developed for automated island identification, that trains on the phylogenetic patterns of islands identified by other methods. Learned phyloblocks better defined termini of previously identified islands in multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC BAA-2146, and found its only antibiotic resistance island.

Williams, Kelly Porter

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Islands in the landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The string theory landscape consists of many metastable de Sitter vacua, populated by eternal inflation. Tunneling between these vacua gives rise to a dynamical system, which asymptotically settles down to an equilibrium state. We investigate the effects of sinks to anti-de Sitter space, and show how their existence can change probabilities in the landscape. Sinks can disturb the thermal occupation numbers that would otherwise exist in the landscape and may cause regions that were previously in thermal contact to be divided into separate, thermally isolated islands.

T. Clifton; Andrei Linde; Navin Sivanandam

2007-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

53

Engineering Study for a Full Scale Demonstration of Steam Reforming Black Liquor Gasification at Georgia-Pacific's Mill in Big Island, Virginia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Georgia-Pacific Corporation performed an engineering study to determine the feasibility of installing a full-scale demonstration project of steam reforming black liquor chemical recovery at Georgia-Pacific's mill in Big Island, Virginia. The technology considered was the Pulse Enhanced Steam Reforming technology that was developed and patented by Manufacturing and Technology Conversion, International (MTCI) and is currently licensed to StoneChem, Inc., for use in North America. Pilot studies of steam reforming have been carried out on a 25-ton per day reformer at Inland Container's Ontario, California mill and on a 50-ton per day unit at Weyerhaeuser's New Bern, North Carolina mill.

Robert De Carrera; Mike Ohl

2002-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

54

Influence of air conditioning management on heat island in Paris air street temperatures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influence of air conditioning management on heat island in Paris air street temperatures Brice 2012 Available online 13 March 2012 Keywords: Air conditioning Heat island mitigation Urban heat island killer'', is exacerbated in urban areas owing to the heat island effect. Air conditioning (A/C) is a key

Ribes, Aur茅lien

55

Rethinking Biodiversity Conservation Effectiveness and Evaluation in the National Protected Areas Systems of Tropical Islands: The Case of Jamaica and the Dominican Republic.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Island conservation theory and practice with regard to conservation of tropical terrestrial biodiversity in protected areas systems has yet to be adequately addressed in conservation (more)

Davis, Suzanne Mae Camille

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Geotechnical studies associated with decommissioning the strategic petroleum reserve facility at Weeks Island, Louisiana: A case history  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first sinkhole at the Weeks Island Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) site was initially observed in May 1992. Concurrent with the increasing dissolution of salt over the mined oil storage area below, it has gradually enlarged and deepened. Beginning in 1994 and continuing to the present, the injection of saturated brine directly into the sinkhole throat some 76 m beneath the ground surface essentially arrested further dissolution, providing time to make adequate preparation for the safe and orderly transfer of crude oil to other storage facilities. This mitigation measure marked the first time that such a control procedure has been used in salt mining; previously all control has been achieved by either in-mine or from-surface grouting. A second and much smaller sinkhole was noticed in early 1995 on an opposite edge of the SPR mine, but with a very similar geological and mine mechanics setting. Both sinkholes occur where the edges of upper 152 m and lower 213 m mined storage levels are nearly vertically aligned. Such coincidence maximizes the tensional stress development, leading to fracturing in the salt. This cracking takes 20 or more years to develop. The cracks then become flow paths for brine incursion, which after time progress into the mined openings. Undersaturated ground water gradually enlarges the cracks in salt through dissolution, leading to eventual collapse of the overlying sand to form sinkholes. Other geologic conditions may also be secondary factors in controlling both mining extent and sinkhole location.

Bauer, S.J.; Ehgartner, B.L.; Neal, J.T. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Underground Storage Technology

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

CAYMAN ISLANDS National Biodiversity Action Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

down to us by those who went before, the natural wealth and beauty which is ours. John F. Kennedy environment for the Cayman Islands. CH2M Hill "Study on the Provision of Construction Aggregate and Fill

Exeter, University of

58

Tree-based delimitation of morphologically ambiguous taxa: A study of the lizard malaria parasites on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola q  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola q Bryan G. Falk a, , D. Luke Mahler b , Susan L. Perkins a a Richard Gilder from the Caribbean island of Hispaniola. All six infect lizards in the genus Anolis, but only two Hispaniola. Fifty-five of these lizards were infected with Plasmodium spp., representing several new host

Mahler, D. Luke

59

Comparison of Secondary Islands in Collisional Reconnection to Hall Reconnection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large-scale resistive Hall-magnetohydrodynamic simulations of the transition from Sweet-Parker (collisional) to Hall (collisionless) magnetic reconnection are presented; the first to separate secondary islands from collisionless effects. Three main results are described. There exists a regime with secondary islands but without collisionless effects, and the reconnection rate is faster than Sweet-Parker, but significantly slower than Hall reconnection. This implies that secondary islands do not cause the fastest reconnection rates. The onset of Hall reconnection ejects secondary islands from the vicinity of the X line, implying that energy is released more rapidly during Hall reconnection. Coronal applications are discussed.

Shepherd, L. S.; Cassak, P. A. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, 26506 (United States)

2010-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

60

Conservation Strategy for Sable Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards a Conservation Strategy for Sable Island Environment Canada, Canadian Wildlife Service, Atlantic Region #12;SABLE ISLAND CONSERVATION STRATEGY page - i March, 1998 A CONSERVATION STRATEGY FOR SABLE ISLAND PREPARED BY This Conservation Strategy for Sable Island was prepared for Environment Canada

Jones, Ian L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The Northern Marshall Islands radiological survey: Data and dose assessments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fallout from atmospheric nuclear tests, especially from those conducted at the Pacific Proving Grounds between 1946 and 1958, contaminated areas of the Northern Marshall Islands. A radiological survey at some Northern Marshall Islands was conducted from September through November 1978 to evaluate the extent of residual radioactive contamination. The atolls included in the Northern Marshall Islands Radiological Survey (NMIRS) were Likiep, Ailuk, Utirik, Wotho, Ujelang, Taka, Rongelap, Rongerik, Bikar, Ailinginae, and Mejit and Jemo Islands. The original test sites, Bikini and Enewetak Atolls, were also visited on the survey. An aerial survey was conducted to determine the external gamma exposure rate. Terrestrial (soil, food crops, animals, and native vegetation), cistern and well water samples, and marine (sediment, seawater, fish and clams) samples were collected to evaluate radionuclide concentrations in the atoll environment. Samples were processed and analyzed for {sup 137}Cs, {sup 90}Sr, {sup 239+240}Pu and {sup 241}Am. The dose from the ingestion pathway was calculated using the radionuclide concentration data and a diet model for local food, marine, and water consumption. The ingestion pathway contributes 70% to 90% of the estimated dose. Approximately 95% of the dose is from {sup 137}Cs accounts for about 10% to 30% of the dose. {sup 239+240}Pu and {sup 241}Am are the major contributors to dose via the inhalation pathway; however, inhalation accounts for only about 1% of the total estimated dose, based on surface soil levels and resuspension studies. All doses are computed for concentrations decay corrected to 1996. The maximum annual effective dose from manmade radionuclides at these atolls ranges from .02 mSv y{sup -1}. The background dose in the Marshall Islands is estimated to be 2.4 mSv y{sup -1} to 4.5 mSv y{sup -1}. The 50-y integral dose ranges from 0.5 to 65 mSv. 35 refs., 2 figs., 9 tabs.

Robison, W.L.; Noshkin, V.E.; Conrado, C.L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)] [and others

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Interconnection Guidelines (Rhode Island)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Rhode Island enacted legislation (HB 6222) in June 2011 to standardize the application process for the interconnection of customer-sited renewable-energy systems to the state抯 distribution grid....

63

Forestry Policies (Rhode Island)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Rhode Island's forests cover over half of the state's land area, and are managed by the Department of Environmental Management, Division of Forest Environment. The State issued its "Forest...

64

The effect of cattle grazing on the abundance and distribution of selected macroinvertebrates in west Galveston Island salt marshes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of cattle grazing on the abundance and distribution of vegetation, burrowing crabs (Uca rapax, Uca pugnax, and Sesarma cinereum), marsh periwinkles (Littoraria irrorata), horn snails (Cerithidea pliculosa), and salt marsh snails (Melampus...

Martin, Jennifer Lynn

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

65

The kinetics of CO poisoning in simulated reformate and effect of Ru island morphology on PtRu fuel cell catalysts as determined by operando XANES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) measurements, including both X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), were carried out on commercially produced Pt and PtRu bimetallic electrocatalysts as well as on a mechanically mixed PtRu bimetallic electrocatalyst in an operating fuel cell in H{sub 2} doped with 150 ppm CO. By use of the novel {Delta}XANES technique, the coverages of CO and ontop and n-fold H (overpotential deposited and underpotential deposited hydrogen) are obtained and compared for the three catalysts, and the results are correlated with PtRu cluster morphology. The mechanical mixing process used to create the bimetallic PtRu catalyst is found to maximize CO tolerance, although the PtRu commercial electrocatalyst exhibits an increased electronic effect, most probably due to the presence of Ru(O){sub x} islands at the catalyst surface. The mobility of the CO on both Ru and Pt is found to be sharply dependent on the CO coverage, decreasing dramatically beyond 0.4 fractional coverage.

Scott, F.; Roth, C; Ramaker, D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Long Island Solar Farm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Long Island Solar Farm (LISF) is a remarkable success story, whereby very different interest groups found a way to capitalize on unusual circumstances to develop a mutually beneficial source of renewable energy. The uniqueness of the circumstances that were necessary to develop the Long Island Solar Farm make it very difficult to replicate. The project is, however, an unparalleled resource for solar energy research, which will greatly inform large-scale PV solar development in the East. Lastly, the LISF is a superb model for the process by which the project developed and the innovation and leadership shown by the different players.

Anders, R.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Hypersonic drift-tearing magnetic islands in tokamak plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A two-fluid theory of long wavelength, hypersonic, drift-tearing magnetic islands in low-collisionality, low-{beta} plasmas possessing relatively weak magnetic shear is developed. The model assumes both slab geometry and cold ions, and neglects electron temperature and equilibrium current gradient effects. The problem is solved in three asymptotically matched regions. The 'inner region' contains the island. However, the island emits electrostatic drift-acoustic waves that propagate into the surrounding 'intermediate region', where they are absorbed by the plasma. Since the waves carry momentum, the inner region exerts a net force on the intermediate region, and vice versa, giving rise to strong velocity shear in the region immediately surrounding the island. The intermediate region is matched to the surrounding 'outer region', in which ideal magnetohydrodynamic holds. Isolated hypersonic islands propagate with a velocity that lies between those of the unperturbed local ion and electron fluids, but is much closer to the latter. The ion polarization current is stabilizing, and increases with increasing island width. Finally, the hypersonic branch of isolated island solutions ceases to exist above a certain critical island width. Hypersonic islands whose widths exceed the critical width are hypothesized to bifurcate to the so-called 'sonic' solution branch.

Fitzpatrick, R.; Waelbroeck, F. L. [Institute for Fusion Studies, Department of Physics, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

68

The Rhode Island state house--the competition (1890-1892)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is a study of the design competition for the new State House in Providence, Rhode Island, which began in 1890 and ended in 1892. The competition was supervised by the Rhode Island State House Commission, a body formed ...

Lewis, Hilary A. (Hilary Ann)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Photovoltaic applications for remote-island needs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electric power supply options available to many of the central and south Pacific island governments are severely constrained by remoteness, limited infrastructures, a corrosive natural environment, and the high delivered costs of many conventional energy sources. Photovoltaic energy systems offer a currently available, practical, and cost-effective source of electricity for many stand-alone applications in remote areas of the Pacific. Photovoltaic system definitions and cost analyses are provided for selected applications in the Republic of Palau, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Territory of American Samoa.

Schaller, D.A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Mechanistic studies using kinetic isotope effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MECHANISTIC STUDIES USING KINETIC ISOTOPE EFFECTS A Thesis by BRIAN E. SCHULMFIER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requtrements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December... 1999 Major Subject: Chemistry MECHANISTIC STUDIES USING KINETIC ISOTOPE EFFECTS A Thesis by BRIAN E. SCHULMEIER Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved...

Schulmeier, Brian E.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

71

GREEN HOMES LONG ISLAND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy bill, reduce your carbon footprint... at little or no cost to you. #12;A Message From Supervisor energy-efficient and reduce our community's carbon footprint. Why do we call it Long Island Green Homes to yourevery day. By making basic improvements to yourevery day home, you can reduce your carbon footprint

Kammen, Daniel M.

72

Radioecologycal study of {sup 239/240}Pu in Bangka Island and Muria Peninsula: Determination of {sup 239/240}Pu in marine sediment and seawater as part of baseline data collecting for sitting of candidates of first Indonesia NPP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radioisotope Pu-239/240 are alpha emitting nuclides important indicators of radioactive contamination of the marine environment. Global fallout is the main source of plutonium in the marine environment. There are very limited study on {sup 239/240}Pu in Indonesia coastal environments. The data of this radioisotopes is needed for baseline data of nuclear power plant (NPP) site candidates both in Bangka Island and Muria Peninsula. Bottom sediments play an important role in radioecological studies of the marine environment because a large proportion of radioactive substances entering the sea is adsorbed over time onto suspended particulate matter and deposited in sediments. Plutonium is particle reactive and deposited in marine sediment. Radioisotope {sup 239/240}Pu was determinated by alpha spectrometry after radiochemical procedure that was performed in both water and marine sediment from Bangka Island and Muria Peninsula. The sediment baseline of concentration {sup 239/240}Pu in Bangka Island and Muria Peninsula were range from 0.013 to 0.021 Bq.kg{sup ?1} and 0.018 to 0.024 Bq.kg{sup ?1} respectively. The water baseline concentration this isotope were range from 2.73 to 4.05 mBq.m{sup ?3} and 2.98 to 4.50 mBq.m{sup ?3}.

Suseno, Heny, E-mail: henis@batan.go.id [Radioactive Waste Technology Center - The Indonesian National Nuclear Energy Agency (Indonesia); Wisnubroto, Djarot S. [The Indonesian National Nuclear Energy Agency (Indonesia)

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

73

Drift-tearing magnetic islands in tokamak plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A systematic fluid theory of nonlinear magnetic island dynamics in conventional low-{beta}, large aspect-ratio, circular cross-section tokamak plasmas is developed using an extended magnetohydrodynamics model that incorporates diamagnetic flows, ion gyroviscosity, fast parallel electron heat transport, the ion sound wave, the drift wave, and average magnetic field-line curvature. The model excludes the compressible Alfven wave, geodesic field-line curvature, neoclassical effects, and ion Landau damping. A collisional closure is used for plasma dynamics parallel to the magnetic field. Two distinct branches of island solutions are found, namely the 'sonic' and 'hypersonic' branches. Both branches are investigated analytically, using suitable ordering schemes, and in each case the problem is reduced to a relatively simple set of nonlinear differential equations that can be solved numerically via iteration. The solution determines the island phase velocity, relative to the plasma, and the effect of local currents on the island stability. Sonic islands are relatively wide, flatten both the temperature and density profiles, and tend to propagate close to the local ion fluid velocity. Hypersonic islands, on the other hand, are relatively narrow, only flatten the temperature profile, radiate drift-acoustic waves, and tend to propagate close to the local electron fluid velocity. The hypersonic solution branch ceases to exist above a critical island width. Under normal circumstances, both types of island are stabilized by local ion polarization currents.

Fitzpatrick, R.; Waelbroeck, F. L. [Institute for Fusion Studies, Department of Physics, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

74

TWP Island Cloud Trail Studies  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security AdministrationcontrollerNanocrystallineForeign ObjectOUR TECHNOLOGIES TECHNOLOGIESCC2January

75

FEEDING ORIENTED MOVEMENTS OF THE ATHERINID FISH PRANESUS PINGUIS AT MAJURO ATOLL, MARSHALL ISLANDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FEEDING ORIENTED MOVEMENTS OF THE ATHERINID FISH PRANESUS PINGUIS AT MAJURO ATOLL, MARSHALL ISLANDS was studied in the lagoon at Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands, during March 1972. During the day, individuals' 06' oe' 10' 12' 14' 16' Ie' 20' 22' 24' FIGURE I.-Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands, showing Arniel

76

Does removal of an alien predator from small islands in the Baltic Sea induce a trophic cascade?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Does removal of an alien predator from small islands in the Baltic Sea induce a trophic cascade known as a trophic cascade. Because alien predators can have a disproportionate impact, compared communities than native predators. We studied the indirect effects of the removal of an alien predator

Oksanen, Lauri

77

Culturing revolution : the local Communists of China's Hainan Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One: Deserted Treasure Island厖厖厖厖厖厖厖厖厖.13 ChapterChapter One Deserted Treasure Island: The Social Ecology andIsolated Island/Treasure Island Gudao / Baodao Social and

Murray, Jeremy Andrew

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Rhode Island Stormwater Design and Installation Standards Manual (Rhode Island)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Rhode Island's stormwater design and installation standards manual has been developed to describe mandatory and suggested stormwater design and performance criteria for applicants to the Department...

79

Distribution and Ratios of 137Cs and K in Control and K-treated Coconut Trees at Bikini Island where Nuclear Test Fallout Occurred: Effects and Implications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coconut trees growing on atolls of the Bikini Islands are on the margin of K deficiency because the concentration of exchangeable K in coral soil is very low ranging from only 20 to 80 mg kg{sup -1}. When provided with additional K, coconut trees absorb large quantities of K and this uptake of K significantly alters the patterns of distribution of {sup 137}Cs within the plant. Following a single K fertilization event, mean total K in trunks of K-treated trees is 5.6 times greater than in trunks of control trees. In contrast, {sup 137}Cs concentration in trunks of K-treated and control trees is statistically the same while {sup 137}Cs is significantly lower in edible fruits of K treated trees. Within one year after fertilization (one rainy season), K concentration in soil is back to naturally, low concentrations, however, the tissue concentrations of K in treated trees stays very high internally in the trees for years while {sup 137}Cs concentration in treated trees remains very low in all tree compartments except for the trunk. Potassium fertilization did not change soil Cs availability. Mass balance calculations suggest that the fertilization event increased above ground plant K content by at least a factor of 5 or 2.2 kg. Potassium concentrations and content were higher in all organs of K fertilized trees with the greatest increases seen in organs that receive a portion of tissue K through xylem transport (trunk, fronds and fruit husks) and lowest in organs supplied predominantly with K via the phloem (palm heart, spathe, coco meat and fluid). {sup 137}Cesium concentrations and contents were dramatically lower in all organs of K treated trees with greatest proportional reductions observed in organs supplied predominantly with K via the phloem (palm heart, spathe, coco meat and fluid). All trees remobilize both K and {sup 137}Cs from fronds as they proceed toward senescence. In control trees the reduction in concentration of K and {sup 137}Cs in fronds as they age is logarithmic but K remobilization is linear in K-treated trees where K concentration is high. As a result of K treatment the {sup 137}Cs concentration in K-treated fronds is extremely low and constant with frond age. Fronds of K treated trees contain a greater amount of K than control tree fronds. As they fall to the ground and decay they provide a small continuing pool of K that is about 3% of the natural K in soil under the tree canopy. Results of K and {sup 137}Cs concentration and distribution in control and K-treated coconut trees suggest that the application of K reduces {sup 137}Cs uptake both in the short term immediately following K fertilization and in the long term, after soil K levels have returned to normal but while plant K stores remain high. These results suggests that high internal K concentration and not high soil K is primarily responsible for long-term reduction of {sup 137}Cs in edible fruits, and plays a significant role in limiting further uptake of {sup 137}Cs by roots, and affects allocation of {sup 137}Cs to edible fruits for years. Coconut trees are capable of luxury K accumulation when provided with excess K and in this example the additional K can effectively provide the K requirements of the plant for in excess of 10 years. The reduction of {sup 137}Cs uptake lasts for at least 10 y after K is last applied and greatly reduces the estimated radiation dose to people consuming local tree foods. Effectiveness and duration of K treatment provides important assurances that reduction in {sup 137}Cs is long term and the radiation dose from consuming local plant foods will remain low.

Robison, W L; Brown, P H; Stone, E L; Hamilton, T F; Conrado, C L; Kehl, S R

2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

80

Minnesota Nuclear Profile - Prairie Island  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Prairie Island" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date"...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island June 1, 2003 颅 August 31, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

82

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island March 1, 2003 颅 May 31, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

83

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island June 1, 2004 颅 August 31, 2004 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

84

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island December 1, 2003 颅 February 29, 2004 Prepared for Massachusetts.................................................................................................................... 11 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 11 Wind Speed Distribution

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

85

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island March 1, 2004 颅 May 31, 2004 Prepared for Massachusetts Technology...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

86

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island September 1, 2003 颅 November 30, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 9 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 9 Wind Speed Distribution

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

87

Galveston Island and erosion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. VITA 73 74 80 85 97 101 115 LIST OF TABLES Table Page 1. Ai rphoto Scale Determination with the Aid of a Base Map . . 16 2. Actual-vs-l4easured Photo Scale and Resulting Error 3. Tropical Cyclones Affecting the Texas Coast from 1952-1983... 17 64 4. Projected Sea-level Rise 72 5. Potential Sand Sources and Sinks for Galveston Island . . . . 80 Al. Vegetation-line Changes on West Beach from July 3, 1977 to September 22, 1983; Impact of Recent Storm Events AZ. Changes...

Bolleter, Jim Mason

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Thematic Review Conservation of Biodiversity on Islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thematic Review Conservation of Biodiversity on Islands: The contribution of the United Kingdom............................................................................................. 11 3. THE BIODIVERSITY OF ISLANDS INVOLVED WITH DI PROJECTS ........................................................................................... 49 6. THE DARWIN INITIATIVE'S CONTRIBUTION TO THE CBD'S ISLAND BIODIVERSITY PROGRAMME OF WORK

89

Indium Growth and Island Height Control on Si Submonolayer Phases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanotechnology refers any technique that involves about object with nanoscale (10{sup -9} m) or even smaller. It has become more and more important in recently years and has changed our world dramatically. Most of modern electronic devices today should thanks to the miniaturizing driven by development of nanotechnology. Recent years, more and more governments are investing huge amount of money in research related to nanotechnology. There are two major reasons that nanostructure is so fascinate. The first one is the miniaturizing. It is obvious that if we can make products smaller without losing the features, we can save the cost and increase the performance dramatically. For an example, the first computer in the world, ENIAC, which occupied several rooms, is less powerful than the cheapest calculator today. Today's chips with sizes of less than half an inch contain millions of basic units. All these should thank to the development of nanotechnology. The other reason is that when we come to nanoscale, there are many new effects due to the quantum effect which can't be found in large systems. For an example, quantum dots (QDs) are systems which sizes are below 1{micro}m(10{sup -6}m) and restricted in three dimensions. There are many interesting quantum effects in QDs, including discrete energy levels, and interdot coupling. Due to these properties and their small sizes, QDs have varies potential applications such as quantum computing, probe, light emitting device, solar cells, and laser. To meet the requirement of the nanoelectrical applications, the QDs must be grown highly uniformly because their property is highly dependent on their sizes. The major methods to grow uniform QDs include epitaxial, and lithograph. Lithography is a process to make patterns on a thin film by selectively removing certain parts of the film. Using this method, people have good control over size, location and spacing of QDs. For an example, the Extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) have a wave length of 13.4nm so it can curve on the surface of an sample to make structure as small as the order of 10nm. however, lithograph usually causes permanent damages to the surface and in many cases the QDs are damaged during the lithograph and therefore result in high percentage of defects. Quantum size effect has attracted more and more interests in surface science due to many of its effects. One of its effects is the height preference in film growing and the resulting possibility of uniformly sized self-assemble nanostructure. The experiment of Pb islands on In 4x1 phase shows that both the height and the width can be controlled by proper growth conditions, which expands the growth dimensions from 1 to 2. This discover leads us to study the In/Pb interface. In Ch.3, we found that the Pb islands growing on In 4x1-Si(111) surface which have uniform height due to QSE and uniform width due to the constriction of In 4x1 lattice have unexpected stability. These islands are stable in even RT, unlike usual nanostructures on Pb/Si surface which are stable only at low temperature. Since similar structures are usually grown at low temperature, this discovery makes the grown structures closer to technological applications. It also shows the unusual of In/Pb interface. Then we studied the In islands grown on Pb-{alpha}-{radical}3x{radical}3-Si(111) phase in Ch.4. These islands have fcc structure in the first few layers, and then convert to bct structure. The In fcc islands have sharp height preference due to QSE like Pb islands. However, the preferred height is different (7 layer for Pb on Si 7x7 and 4 layer for Pb on In 4x1), due to the difference of interface. The In islands structure prefers to be bct than fcc with coverage increase. It is quantitatively supported by first-principle calculation. Unexpectedly, the In islands grown on various of In interfaces didn't show QSE effects and phase transition from fcc and bct structures as on the Pb-{alpha} interface (Ch.6). In g(s) curve there is no clear oscillations in the g(s) curve as the In on Pb-{alpha} phase. This

Chen, Jizhou

2009-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

90

Small-Scale Solar Grants (Rhode Island)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Rhode Island Economic Development Corporation (RIEDC) provides incentives for renewable-energy projects. Incentive programs are funded by the Rhode Island Renewable Energy Fund (RIREF) and...

91

Energy Transition Initiative: Islands Playbook (Book) | OSTI...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Energy Transition Initiative: Islands Playbook (Book) Re-direct Destination: The Island Energy Playbook (the Playbook) provides an action-oriented guide to successfully initiating,...

92

Quantitative analysis of forest island pattern in selected Ohio landscapes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to quantitatively describe the various aspects of regional distribution patterns of forest islands and relate those patterns to other landscape features. Several maps showing the forest cover of various counties in Ohio were selected as representative examples of forest patterns to be quantified. Ten thousand hectare study areas (landscapes) were delineated on each map. A total of 15 landscapes representing a wide variety of forest island patterns was chosen. Data were converted into a series of continuous variables which contained information pertinent to the sizes, shape, numbers, and spacing of woodlots within a landscape. The continuous variables were used in a factor analysis to describe the variation among landscapes in terms of forest island pattern. The results showed that forest island patterns are related to topography and other environmental features correlated with topography.

Bowen, G.W.; Burgess, R.L.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

EIS-0006: Wind Turbine Generator System, Block Island, Rhode Island  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy prepared this EIS to evaluate the environmental impacts of installing and operating a large experimental wind turbine, designated the MOD-OA, which is proposed to be installed on a knoll in Rhode Island's New Meadow Hill Swamp, integrated with the adjacent Block Island Power Company power plant and operated to supply electricity to the existing utility network.

94

Suggested guidelines for anti-islanding screening.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As increasing numbers of photovoltaic (PV) systems are connected to utility systems, distribution engineers are becoming increasingly concerned about the risk of formation of unintentional islands. Utilities desire to keep their systems secure, while not imposing unreasonable burdens on users wishing to connect PV. However, utility experience with these systems is still relatively sparse, so distribution engineers often are uncertain as to when additional protective measures, such as direct transfer trip, are needed to avoid unintentional island formation. In the absence of such certainty, utilities must err on the side of caution, which in some cases may lead to the unnecessary requirement of additional protection. The purpose of this document is to provide distribution engineers and decision makers with guidance on when additional measures or additional study may be prudent, and also on certain cases in which utilities may allow PV installations to proceed without additional study because the risk of an unintentional island is extremely low. The goal is to reduce the number of cases of unnecessary application of additional protection, while giving utilities a basis on which to request additional study in cases where it is warranted.

Ellis, Abraham; Ropp, Michael

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Long Island Solar Farm Project Overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Long Island Solar Farm #12;Project Overview The Long Island Solar Farm (LISF) is a 32-megawatt. Project Developer/Owner/Operator: Long Island Solar Farm, LLC (BP Solar & MetLife) Purchaser of Power and construct arrays ~ 2 years of output (88,000 MWh equivalent) Long Island Solar Farm #12;Other Pollutants

Ohta, Shigemi

96

Island Political Economy Geoff Bertram & Bernard Poirine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

323 Chapter 10 Island Political Economy Geoff Bertram & Bernard Poirine Introduction In this chapter we build on the observation that island economies, and especially small ones (population below one of development strategies. Common elements of "islandness" may serve to define island economies as a general

Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

97
98

Climate Action Plan (Rhode Island)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In the fall of 2001, the Department of Environmental Management (DEM), the RI State Energy Office (SEO), and the Governor's office convened the Rhode Island Greenhouse Gas Stakeholder Project in...

99

Pacific Islands Region News Release  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pacific Islands Region News Release Contact: Wende Goo FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE 808-721-4098 May 27 of these unique twins by contributing more than 100 hours of work to construct a holding pen for the young seal

100

Island Cosmology in the Landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the eternally inflationary background driven by the metastable vacua of the landscape, it is possible that some local quantum fluctuations with the null energy condition violation can be large enough to stride over the barriers among different vacua, so that create some islands full of radiation in new vacua, and then these emergently thermalized islands will enter into the evolution of standard big bang cosmology. In this paper, we calculate the spectrum of curvature perturbation generated during the emergence of island. We find that generally the spectrum obtained is nearly scale invariant, which can be well related to that of slow roll inflation by a simple duality. This in some sense suggests a degeneracy between their scalar spectra. In addition, we also simply estimate the non-Gaussianity of perturbation, which is naturally large, yet, can lie well in the observational bound. The results shown here indicate that the island emergently thermalized in the landscape can be consistent with our observable universe.

Yun-Song Piao

2008-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

The Long Island Solar Farm  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In November 2011, a utility-scale solar array became operational in the most unlikely of places: at Brookhaven National Laboratory on densely populated Long Island, New York. Now the largest...

102

Chikurachki volcano (Kurile Islands, Russia)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chikurachki volcano (Kurile Islands, Russia) the unique volcano with frequent basaltic plinian-Kamchatsky, Russia #12;#12;Historical eruptions of Chikurachki Year 1853-59 1958 1961 1964 1973 1986 2002 Column

Belousov, Alexander

103

Insular Area energy vulnerability, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands. Technical Appendix 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report was prepared in response to Section 1406 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (P.L. 192-486). The Act directed the Department of Energy (DOE) to ``conduct a study of the implications of the unique vulnerabilities of the insular areas to an oil supply disruption,`` and to ``outline how the insular areas shall gain access to vital oil supplies during times of national emergency.`` The Act defines the insular areas to be the US Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico in the Caribbean, and Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), and Palau in the Pacific. This report is the analysis of Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands. In the study, ``unique vulnerabilities`` were defined as susceptibility to: (1) more frequent or more likely interruptions of oil supplies compared to the mainland, and/or (2) disproportionately larger or more likely economic losses in the event of an oil supply disruption. In order to asses unique vulnerabilities, the study examined in the insular areas` experience during past global disruptions of oil supplies and during local emergencies caused by natural disasters. The effects of several possible future global disruptions and local emergencies were also analyzed. Analyses were based on historical data, simulations using energy and economic models, and interviews with officials in the insular governments and the energy industry.

Stern, M.; Willard, E.E.; Efferding, S. [Ensys Energy & Systems, Inc., Flemington, NJ (United States)

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Amchitka Island, Alaska, Biological Monitoring Report 2011 Sampling Results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance (LTS&M) Plan for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) Amchitka Island sites describes how LM plans to conduct its mission to protect human health and the environment at the three nuclear test sites located on Amchitka Island, Alaska. Amchitka Island, near the western end of the Aleutian Islands, is approximately 1,340 miles west-southwest of Anchorage, Alaska. Amchitka is part of the Aleutian Island Unit of the Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge, which is administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). Since World War II, Amchitka has been used by multiple U.S. government agencies for various military and research activities. From 1943 to 1950, it was used as a forward air base for the U.S. Armed Forces. During the middle 1960s and early 1970s, the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) and the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) used a portion of the island as a site for underground nuclear tests. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the U.S. Navy constructed and operated a radar station on the island. Three underground nuclear tests were conducted on Amchitka Island. DOD, in conjunction with AEC, conducted the first nuclear test (named Long Shot) in 1965 to provide data that would improve the United States' capability of detecting underground nuclear explosions. The second nuclear test (Milrow) was a weapons-related test conducted by AEC in 1969 as a means to study the feasibility of detonating a much larger device. Cannikin, the third nuclear test on Amchitka, was a weapons-related test detonated on November 6, 1971. With the exception of small concentrations of tritium detected in surface water shortly after the Long Shot test, radioactive fission products from the tests remain in the subsurface at each test location As a continuation of the environmental monitoring that has taken place on Amchitka Island since before 1965, LM in the summer of 2011 collected biological and seawater samples from the marine and terrestrial environment of Amchitka Island adjacent to the three detonation sites and at a background or reference site, Adak Island, 180 miles to the east. Consistent with the goals of the Amchitka LTS&M Plan, four data quality objectives (DQOs) were developed for the 2011 sampling event.

None

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Electrochemical Studies of Packed Iron Powder Electrodes: Effects...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Packed Iron Powder Electrodes: Effects of Common Constituents of Natural Waters on Corrosion Electrochemical Studies of Packed Iron Powder Electrodes: Effects of Common...

106

Site response at Treasure and Yerba Buena Islands, California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

array at the Treasure Island Naval Station. 拻 Loma Prietadamage in Oakland, Treasure Island, and San Francisco. 拻C. H. ?1969?. 憫Treasure Island ?ll. 拻 Bay mud developments

Baise, L G; Glaser, Steven D; Dreger, D

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Accelerating development of advanced inverters : evaluation of anti-islanding schemes with grid support functions and preliminary laboratory demonstration.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The high penetration of utility interconnected photovoltaic (PV) systems is causing heightened concern over the effect that variable renewable generation will have on the electrical power system (EPS). These concerns have initiated the need to amend the utility interconnection standard to allow advanced inverter control functionalities that provide: (1) reactive power control for voltage support, (2) real power control for frequency support and (3) better tolerance of grid disturbances. These capabilities are aimed at minimizing the negative impact distributed PV systems may have on EPS voltage and frequency. Unfortunately, these advanced control functions may interfere with island detection schemes, and further development of advanced inverter functions requires a study of the effect of advanced functions on the efficacy of antiislanding schemes employed in industry. This report summarizes the analytical, simulation and experimental work to study interactions between advanced inverter functions and anti-islanding schemes being employed in distributed PV systems.

Neely, Jason C.; Gonzalez, Sigifredo; Ropp, Michael [Northern Plains Power Technologies, Brookings, SD] [Northern Plains Power Technologies, Brookings, SD; Schutz, Dustin [Northern Plains Power Technologies, Brookings, SD] [Northern Plains Power Technologies, Brookings, SD

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Russell, J. 1974. Floating nplants proposed off ____. 1969. Nuclear power-anadromous Stober, Q. J., and E. O. Salo. 1973. Ecological New Jersey. Nat!. Fisherman 55(6):6B-7B. fishes. Greater Portland Commer. 53(31) studies of the proposed Kiket Island nucl  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Russell, J. 1974. Floating n穚lants proposed off ____. 1969. Nuclear power-anadromous Stober, Q. J Commer. 53(31) studies of the proposed Kiket Island nuclear Snyder, G. R. 1968. Thermal plants, thermal Aug.:22-27. power site. Final Rep. Contract Snohomish pollution, and fish-The problems in the Co Sport

109

A Spectroscopic Study of the effect of Ligand Complexation on...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Spectroscopic Study of the effect of Ligand Complexation on the Reduction of Uranium(VI) by Anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate A Spectroscopic Study of the effect of Ligand Complexation...

110

A Spectroscopic Study of the effect of Ligand Complexation on...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Study of the effect of Ligand Complexation on the Reduction of Uranium(VI) by Anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate A Spectroscopic Study of the effect of Ligand Complexation on the...

111

Wind turbine generator interaction with conventional diesel generators on Block Island, Rhode Island. Volume II. Data analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to assess the performance of a MOD-OA horizontal axis wind turbine when connected to an isolated diesel utility, a comprehensive data measurement program was conducted on the Block Island Power Company installation on Block Island, Rhode Island. This report presents the detailed results of that program focusing on three principal areas of (1) fuel displacement (savings), (2) dynamic interaction between the diesel utility and the wind turbine, (3) effects of three modes of wind turbine reactive power control. The approximate two month duration of the data acquisition program conducted in the winter months (February into April 1982) revealed performance during periods of highest wind energy penetration and hence severity of operation. It is concluded that even under such conditions fuel savings were significant resulting in a fuel reduction of 6.7% while the MOD-OA was generating 10.7% of the total electrical energy. Also, electrical disturbance and interactive effects were of an acceptable level.

Wilreker, V.F.; Stiller, P.H.; Scott, G.W.; Kruse, V.J.; Smith, R.F.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Effects of planning and policy decisions on residential land use in Singapore  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A study of current land use in Singapore shows that through effective long-term space planning, the island city-state has maintained an adequate stock of developable residential land to meet its most ambitious maximum ...

Davis, Noel R

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Molecular dynamics study of interfacial confinement effects of...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Molecular dynamics study of interfacial confinement effects of aqueous NaCl brines in nanoporous carbon Re-direct Destination: In this paper, studies of aqueous electrolyte...

114

Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Islands...

115

REAP Islanded Grid Wind Power Conference  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Hosted by Renewable Energy Alaska Project, this three-day conference will show attendees how to learn, network, and share information on wind systems in island and islanded grid environments through expert panel discussions, stakeholder dialogue, and training.

116

Rhode Island Renewable Energy Fund (RIREF)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Rhode Island's Public Utilities Restructuring Act of 1996 created the nation's first public benefits fund (PBF) for renewable energy and demand-side management (DSM). The Rhode Island Renewable...

117

Coastal mesoscale changes on Matagorda Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the coastal geomorphology of Matagorda Island. Based on the statistical and morphometric analysis of the coastal landforms, the island was divided into three distinct sub-environments: an erosional eastern zone, a transitional mixed zone, and a depositional...

Lariscy, Kevin William

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Southern California Channel Islands Bibliography, through 1992  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pollution San Nicolas Island Atmospheric Sciences/Meteorology/Nuclear Science/Radioactivity/Atmospheric Sciences/Radioactivity/Radioactive Wastes/pollution/

Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Islands and Our Renewable Energy Future (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Only US Laboratory Dedicated Solely to Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. High Contribution Renewables in Islanded Power Systems.

Baring-Gould, I.; Gevorgian, V.; Kelley, K.; Conrad, M.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Energy Department Helps Advance Island Clean Energy Goals (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) fact sheet highlights a June 2012 solar power purchase agreement between the Virgin Islands Water and Power Authority and three corporations. The fact sheet describes how financial support from DOE and technical assistance from DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory enabled the U.S. Virgin Islands to realistically assess its clean energy resources and identify the most viable and cost-effective solutions to its energy challenges--resulting in a $65 million investment in solar energy in the territory.

Not Available

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Close Encounters Treasure Island: Sequencing Moorea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Close Encounters Also... Treasure Island: Sequencing Moorea Devon Zagory on Food Safety College Features 12 CLOSE ENCOUNTERS by Claire Cain Miller Passing earth science to the next generation 20 TREASURE ISLAND by Erika Check Barcoding CNR's island research station Departments 2 L

Wildermuth, Mary C

122

Recommendations for Technologies for Microgrids on the Big Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Energy Storage Studies 1 2.2 HNEI Sustainable Energy Study 3 3.0 Changes in Big Island Loads), and Hawaiian Electric Company (HECO) looked at the potential benefits of microgrids and energy storage of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Under Award No. DE-FC-06NT42847 Subtask 2

123

National Park Service- San Miguel Island, California  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

San Miguel Island is one of five islands that make up Channel Islands National Park on the coast of southern California. The islands comprise 249,353 acres (100,910 hectares) of land and ocean that teems with terrestrial and marine life. The National Park Service (NPS) protects the pristine resources at Channel Islands National Park by conserving, recycling, using alternative fuel vehicles, applying renewable energy, and using resources wisely. It also seeks to replace conventional fuels with renewable energy wherever possible. This applies especially to diesel fuel and petroleum, which must be shipped in from the mainland to generate electricity.

124

Biological Control of Rhodesgrass Scale in Texas by Neodusmetia sangwani (Rao): Effectiveness and Colonization Studies.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Bermuda Is- .in(l\\, (:;lnton Island, Ceylon, Colombia, Cuba, East \\!I ](,I, El Salvador, Formosa, Guatemala, Hawaii, i~i!i;[, .I;I~IJII, Jollnston Island, Kwajalein (Marshalls), Madagascar, Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, South China, Sumatra, United...

Schuster, Michael F.; Boling, J. C.

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Electron thermal transport within magnetic islands in the reversed-field pinch  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tearing mode induced magnetic islands have a significant impact on the thermal characteristics of magnetically confined plasmas such as those in the reversed-field pinch (RFP). New Thomson scattering diagnostic capability on the Madison Symmetric Torus (MST) RFP has enabled measurement of the thermal transport characteristics of islands. Electron temperature (T{sub e}) profiles can now be acquired at 25 kHz, sufficient to measure the effect of an island on the profile as the island rotates by the measurement point. In standard MST plasmas with a spectrum of unstable tearing modes, remnant islands are present in the core between sawtoothlike reconnection events. Associated with these island remnants is flattening of the T{sub e} profile inside the island separatricies. This flattening is characteristic of rapid parallel heat conduction along helical magnetic field lines. In striking contrast, a temperature gradient within an m=1, n=5 island is observed in these same plasmas just after a sawtooth event when the m=1, n=5 mode may briefly come into resonance near the magnetic axis. This suggests local heating and relatively good confinement within the island. Local power balance calculations suggest reduced thermal transport within this island relative to the confinement properties of standard MST discharges between reconnection events. The magnetic field and island structure is modeled with three-dimensional nonlinear resistive magnetohydrodynamic simulations (DEBS code) with Lundquist numbers matching those in MST during standard discharges. During improved confinement plasmas with reduced tearing mode activity, temperature fluctuations correlated with magnetic signals are small with characteristic fluctuation amplitudes of order T-tilde{sub e}/T{sub e}approx2%.

Stephens, H. D.; Reusch, J. A. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1150 University Ave., Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Den Hartog, D. J. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1150 University Ave., Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Center for Magnetic Self-Organization in Laboratory and Astrophysical Plasmas, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Hegna, C. C. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1150 University Ave., Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Department of Engineering Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1500 Engineering Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

126

Morphological stability of electromigration-driven vacancy islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electromigration-induced shape evolution of two-dimensional vacancy islands on a crystal surface is studied using a continuum approach. We consider the regime where mass transport is restricted to terrace diffusion in the interior of the island. In the limit of fast attachment/detachment kinetics a circle translating at constant velocity is a stationary solution of the problem. In contrast to earlier work [O. Pierre-Louis and T.L. Einstein, Phys. Rev. B 62, 13697 (2000)] we show that the circular solution remains linearly stable for arbitrarily large driving forces. The numerical solution of the full nonlinear problem nevertheless reveals a fingering instability at the trailing end of the island, which develops from finite amplitude perturbations and eventually leads to pinch-off. Relaxing the condition of instantaneous attachment/detachment kinetics, we obtain non-circular elongated stationary shapes in an analytic approximation which compares favorably to the full numerical solution.

Frank Hausser; Philipp Kuhn; Joachim Krug; Axel Voigt

2007-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

127

A new landscape ecology mapping scheme for coastal environments: Galveston Island, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of landscape ecology to understand the complete picture of the changing environment of a barrier island. Mapping is fundamental to detecting and monitoring change. Currently no mapping scheme can effectively integrate geomorphological and ecological mapping...

Lynch, Karen Marie

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Microseismic Study with LBNL - Monitoring the Effect of Injection...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Microseismic Study with LBNL - Monitoring the Effect of Injection of Fluids from the Lake County Pipeline on Seismicity at The Geysers, California, Geothermal Field; 2010...

129

Effective velocities in fractured media: a numerical study using the ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and precise numerical study of effective velocities in fractured structures. ... In this paper, we ..... A final result is that our numerical simulations of P-, SV- and.

2002-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

130

Floating Cities, Islands and States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many small countries are in need of additional territory. They build landfills and expensive artificial islands. The ocean covers 71 per cent of the Earth surface. Those countries (or persons of wealth) starting the early colonization of the ocean may obtain advantages through additional territory or creating their own independent state. An old idea is building a big ship. The best solution to this problem, however, is the provision of floating cities, islands, and states. The author idea is to use for floating cities, islands, and states a cheap floating platform created from a natural ice field taken from the Arctic or Antarctic oceans. These cheap platforms protected by air-film (bottom and sides) and a conventional insulating cover (top) and having a cooling system can exist for an unlimited time. They can be increased in number or size at any time, float in warm oceans, travel to different continents and countries, serve as artificial airports, harbors and other marine improvements, as well as floating c...

Bolonkin, Alexander

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

A signature for turbulence driven magnetic islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the properties of magnetic islands arising from tearing instabilities that are driven by an interchange turbulence. We find that such islands possess a specific signature that permits an identification of their origin. We demonstrate that the persistence of a small scale turbulence maintains a mean pressure profile, whose characteristics makes it possible to discriminate between turbulence driven islands from those arising due to an unfavourable plasma current density gradient. We also find that the island poloidal turnover time, in the steady state, is independent of the levels of the interchange and tearing energy sources. Finally, we show that a mixing length approach is adequate to make theoretical predictions concerning island flattening in the island rotation frame.

Agullo, O.; Muraglia, M.; Benkadda, S. [Aix-Marseille Universit, CNRS, PIIM, UMR 7345 Marseille (France); France-Japan Magnetic Fusion Laboratory, LIA 336 CNRS, Marseille (France); Poy, A. [Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, CEA, CELIA (Centre Lasers Intenses et Applications), UMR 5107, F-33405 Talence (France); Yagi, M. [Plasma Theory and Simulation Gr., JAEA, Rokkasho (Japan); Garbet, X. [IRFM, CEA, St-Paul-Lez-Durance 13108 (France); Sen, A. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

132

Two-fluid magnetic island dynamics in slab geometry: I -Isolated islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that there be zero net electromagnetic force acting on the island. Finally, the ion polarization current correction determination of the island phase-velocity, and the calculation of the ion and electron fluid flow profiles

Fitzpatrick, Richard

133

Pennsylvania Nuclear Profile - Three Mile Island  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Three Mile Island" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date"...

134

Southern California Channel Islands Bibliography, through 1992  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

atmospheres/Radioactive isotopes/Air/Sampling/Monitoring/Atmospheric chemistry/Radon 222/San Nicolas Island/Atmospheric Sciences/Radioactivity/Radioactive Wastes/pollution/

Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

ANNUAL WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANNUAL WIND DATA REPORT Thompson Island March 1, 2002 颅 February 28, 2003 Prepared.................................................................................................................... 11 Wind Speed Time Series........................................................................................................... 11 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

136

WIND DATA REPORT Deer Island Parking Lot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Deer Island Parking Lot May 1, 2003 颅 July 15, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 7 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 7 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

137

WIND DATA REPORT Deer Island Outfall  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIND DATA REPORT Deer Island Outfall August 18, 2003 颅 December 4, 2003 Prepared for Massachusetts...................................................................................................................... 7 Wind Speed Time Series............................................................................................................. 7 Wind Speed Distributions

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

138

Energy Transition Initiative: Islands Playbook (Book) | OSTI...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Energy Transition Initiative: Islands Playbook (Book) Re-direct Destination: Temp Data Fields Not Available Temp Data Storage 3: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL),...

139

Three Mile Island: then and now  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A review of the Three Mile Island Unit 2 accident is presented. Current activities to clean up the reactor are described.

Trauger, D.B.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Northern Mariana Islands - Territory Energy Profile Overview...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

islands of Pagan and Saipan - unique in Micronesia in having abundant geothermal energy potential, and CNMI has excellent resources for both wind and solar power. CNMI enacted a...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Aeromagnetic Survey And Interpretation, Ascention Island, South...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interpretation, Ascention Island, South Atlantic Ocean Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Aeromagnetic Survey And Interpretation,...

142

Morphological barrier island changes and recovery of dunes after Hurricane Dennis, St. George Island, Florida  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the barrier island are analyzed, along with the short-term post-storm recovery of secondary dunes. ResultsMorphological barrier island changes and recovery of dunes after Hurricane Dennis, St. George September 2009 Keywords: Dune recovery LiDAR Overwash Hurricane Dennis Barrier island During the summer

Fagherazzi, Sergio

143

A Comparison of Vegetation in Artificially Isolated Wetlands on West Galveston Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this study was to compare vegetation systems among three artificially isolated wetlands on the west end of Galveston Island. Sample sites were identified as isolated wetlands and anthropogenic impact was observed. Wetland plant...

Wilson, Ashley

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

144

Three Mile Island: meltdown of democracy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Strong local opposition to a start-up of Unit 1 at Three Mile Island continues because citizen distrust of General Public Utilities was found in post-accident studies to have been justified. Several citizen groups have monitored the Unit 2 clean-up activities and have not been reassured by either the President's Commission or the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Efforts to improve public relations by distributing radiation kits or other strategies have been outweighed by evidence of government manipulation of early bomb test data and poor industry planning. Arguments over who is responsible for the accident and who is liable for the cost have further undermined credibility. Area residents have received three recent legal signals that their position may prevail. (DCK)

Walsh, E.J.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Subsidence at the Weeks Island SPR Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The elevation change data measured at the Weeks Island SPR site over the last 16+ years has been studied and analyzed. The subsidence rate is not constant with time and while the subsidence rate may have increased slightly during the past several years, recently the rate has increased more dramatically. The most recent increase comes at a time when the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) storage mine had been emptied of oil and was in the process of being refilled with brine. Damage to surface structures that has been observed during the past 12-18 months is attributed to the continued subsidence and dtierential subsidence across structures. The recent greater subsidence rates were unanticipated according to analysis results and will be used to aid further subsidence model development.

Bauer, S.J.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Geographic information system for Long Island: An epidemiologic systems approach to identify environmental breast cancer risks on Long Island. Phase 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

BNL is developing and implementing the project ``Geographic Information System (GIS) for Long Island`` to address the potential relationship of environmental and occupational exposures to breast cancer etiology on Long Island. The project is divided into two major phases: The four month-feasibility project (Phase 1), and the major development and implementation project (Phase 2). This report summarizes the work completed in the four month Phase 1 Project, ``Feasibility of a Geographic Information System for Long Island.`` It provides the baseline information needed to further define and prioritize the scope of work for subsequent tasks. Phase 2 will build upon this foundation to develop an operational GIS for the Long Island Breast Cancer Study Project (LIBCSP).

Barancik, J.I.; Kramer, C.F.; Thode, H.C. Jr.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Investigation of flow in vane-island diffusers in centrifugal compressors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Meherwan P. Boyce In this thesis, both theoretical and experimental investigations of flow in a high pressure ratio centrifugal compressor vane-island diffuser, have been carried out. The flow propagation through the island diffuser and the boundary... flow angles. The separation should be avoided or delayed to improve compressor performance. Johnson and Powers [7] have looked into the effect of inlet blockage on diffuser performance. The high-pressure-ratio centrifugal compressor has narrow...

Vandijk, Hanne Nicolaas

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Study of electrokinetic effects to quantify groundwater flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An experimental study of electrokinetic effects (streaming potential) in earth materials was undertaken. The objective was to evaluate the measurement of electrokinetic effects as a method of monitoring and predicting the movement of groundwater, contaminant plumes, and other fluids in the subsurface. The laboratory experiments verified that the electrokinetic effects in earth materials are prominent, repeatable, and can be described well to first order by a pair of coupled differential equations.

Brown, S.R. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Haupt, R.W. [MIT Lincoln Lab., Lexington, MA (United States)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

YOU ARE CORDIALLY INVITED 2011 Long Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and success of the green industry on Long Island. Thanks to Fred Soviero, this year's Leader's Forum, country sausage, seasoned potatoes, coffee, tea, and assorted fruit juices. Following breakfast, the two, and announcements to New York's green industry. Thanks to the Friends of Long Island Horticulture and the NSLGA

Danforth, Bryan Nicholas

150

Biofuel Feedstock Inter-Island Transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biofuel Feedstock Inter-Island Transportation Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office agency thereof. #12;A Comparison of Hawaii's Inter-Island Maritime Transportation of Solid Versus Liquid of Honolulu Advertiser ISO Tank Container, courtesy of Hawaii Intermodal Tank Transport Petroleum products

151

Island-finding ability of marine turtles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the equatorial Atlantic. To test the hypothesis that turtles use wind-borne cues to locate Ascension Island we back to the island. These find- ings strongly support the hypothesis that wind-borne cues are used that hatch- ling loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta) have the ability to perceive the inclination

Hays, Graeme

152

Observation of energetic electrons within magnetic islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that energetic electron fluxes peak at sites of compressed density within islands, which imposes a new constraintLETTERS Observation of energetic electrons within magnetic islands L.-J. CHEN1 *, A. BHATTACHARJEE1, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire 03824, USA 2 National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2

Loss, Daniel

153

Microseismic Study with LBNL - Monitoring the Effect of Injection...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9 4.5.3 Microseismic Study with LBNL - Monitoring the Effect of Injection of Fluids from the Lake County Pipeline on Seismicity at The Geysers, California, Geothermal Field...

154

A Parametric Study of the Effect of Temperature and Hydrocarbon...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of Temperature and Hydrocarbon Species on the Product Distribution from a Non-Thermal Plasma Reactor A Parametric Study of the Effect of Temperature and Hydrocarbon Species on the...

155

THE EARTH TIDE EFFECTS ON PETROLEUM RESERVOIRS Preliminary Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EARTH TIDE EFFECTS ON PETROLEUM RESERVOIRS Preliminary Study A THESIS SUBMITTED ON THE STRESS-STRAIN THEORY AND THE EARTH TIDE MECHANISM 4 2.1 Stress-Strain Theory 4 2.2 General Information on Tides 14 3. THE EFFECTS OF EARTH TIDES ON OPEN WELL-AQUIFER SYSTEMS: STATE OF THE ART 22 3.1 Static

Stanford University

156

amchitka island alaska: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MA August 2005 Prepared for Massachusetts for August 2005 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site Island for the month of August...

157

adak island alaska: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MA August 2005 Prepared for Massachusetts for August 2005 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site Island for the month of August...

158

akutan island alaska: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MA August 2005 Prepared for Massachusetts for August 2005 This update summarizes the monthly data results for the Thompson Island monitoring site Island for the month of August...

159

The Biogeography of Globally Threatened Seabirds and Island Conservation Opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and North Islands, Hispaniola, etc. ). The conservation ofand North Islands, Hispaniola, etc. ). The conservation ofGreater Antilles (Hispaniola) Lesser Antilles Galapagos

Spatz, Dena R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Power Plant Options Report for Thompson Island prepared by the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

....................................................................... 2 2.2. Thompson Island electric load.......................................................................... 4 2.3. Thompson Island heating load....................................................................... 7 3. Grid-connected and Autonomous Renewable Power Systems ................................ 9 3

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Energy Transformation in the U.S. Virgin Islands | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

About Us Initiatives & Projects Energy Transition Initiative Energy Transformation in the U.S. Virgin Islands Energy Transformation in the U.S. Virgin Islands Click on the...

162

Bainbridge Island Summary of Reported Data | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Summary of Reported Data Bainbridge Island Summary of Reported Data Summary of data for Bainbridge Island, a partner in the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings...

163

Commercial-Scale Renewable-Energy Grants (Rhode Island)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Rhode Island Economic Development Corporation (RIEDC) provides incentives for renewable-energy projects. Incentive programs are funded by the Rhode Island Renewable Energy Fund (RIREF) and...

164

Ecological evaluation of Oakland Harbor Phase 3-38-foot composites relative to the Alcatraz Island Environs (R-AM)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (Public Law 99--662) authorized the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) San Francisco District, to deepen and widen the navigational channels of the Oakland Inner Harbors to accommodate deeper-draft vessels. Battelle/Marine Sciences Laboratory (MSL) conducted a study for USACE to determine whether potential dredged sediments in Oakland Inner Harbor were suitable for open-water disposal, following the guidelines of the Draft Ecological Evaluation of Proposed Discharge of Dredged Material into Ocean Waters, otherwise known as the implementation Manual (EPA/USACE 1990). This report summarizes the collection, chemical analysis, toxicity testing, and bioaccumulation analysis of sediments collected to {minus}38 ft relative to mean lower low water from Oakland Inner Harbor. Six dredged material composite samples (COMPs) were compared to reference sediment from the area surrounding Alcatraz Island and its dredged material disposal site, designated the Alcatraz Island Environs (R-AM). Examination of the results of toxicity tests and bioaccumulation analysis will assist USACE in determining the effects of in-bay disposal of the Oakland Inner Harbor dredged material on the Alcatraz Island Environs.

Mayhew, H.L.; Kohn, N.P.; Ward, J.A.; Word, J.Q.; Pinza, M.R. [Battelle/Marine Sciences Lab., Sequim, WA (United States)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

An updated dose assessment for Rongelap Island  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have updated the radiological dose assessment for Rongelap Island at Rongelap Atoll using data generated from field trips to the atoll during 1986 through 1993. The data base used for this dose assessment is ten fold greater than that available for the 1982 assessment. Details of each data base are presented along with details about the methods used to calculate the dose from each exposure pathway. The doses are calculated for a resettlement date of January 1, 1995. The maximum annual effective dose is 0.26 mSv y{sup {minus}1} (26 mrem y{sup {minus}1}). The estimated 30-, 50-, and 70-y integral effective doses are 0.0059 Sv (0.59 rem), 0.0082 Sv (0.82 rem), and 0.0097 Sv (0.97 rem), respectively. More than 95% of these estimated doses are due to 137-Cesium ({sup 137}Cs). About 1.5% of the estimated dose is contributed by 90-Strontium ({sup 90}Sr), and about the same amount each by 239+240-Plutonium ({sup 239+240}PU), and 241-Americium ({sup 241}Am).

Robison, W.L.; Conrado, C.L.; Bogen, K.T.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Emergently Thermalized Islands in the Landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this note, we point out that in the eternal inflation driven by the metastable vacua of the landscape, it might be possible that some large and local quantum fluctuations with the null energy condition violation can stride over the barriers between different vacua and straightly create some islands with radiation and matter in new vacua. Then these thermalized islands will evolve with the standard cosmology. We show that such islands may be consistent with our observable universe, while has some distinctly observable signals, which may be tested in coming observations.

Yun-Song Piao

2008-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

167

Progress in study of N=4 SYM effective action  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review the basic results concerning the structure of effective action in N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in Coulomb phase. Various classical formulations of this theory are considered. We show that the low-energy effective action depending on all fileds of N=4 vector multiplet can be exactly found. This result is discussed on the base of algebraic analysis exploring the general harmonic superspace techniques and on the base of straightforward quantum field theory calculations using the N=2 supersymmetric background field method. We study the one-loop effective action beyond leading low-energy approximation and construct supersymmetric generalization of Heisenberg-Euler-Schwinger effective action depending on all fields of N=4 vector multiplet. We also consider the derivation of leading low-enrgy effective action at two loops.

I. L. Buchbinder

2004-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

168

Progress in study of N=4 SYM effective action  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review the basic results concerning the structure of effective action in N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in Coulomb phase. Various classical formulations of this theory are considered. We show that the low-energy effective action depending on all fileds of N=4 vector multiplet can be exactly found. This result is discussed on the base of algebraic analysis exploring the general harmonic superspace techniques and on the base of straightforward quantum field theory calculations using the N=2 supersymmetric background field method. We study the one-loop effective action beyond leading low-energy approximation and construct supersymmetric generalization of Heisenberg-Euler-Schwinger effective action depending on all fields of N=4 vector multiplet. We also consider the derivation of leading low-enrgy effective action at two loops.

Buchbinder, I L

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Statistics of the Island-Around-Island Hierarchy in Hamiltonian Phase Space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The phase space of a typical Hamiltonian system contains both chaotic and regular orbits, mixed in a complex, fractal pattern. One oft-studied phenomenon is the algebraic decay of correlations and recurrence time distributions. For area-preserving maps, this has been attributed to the stickiness of boundary circles, which separate chaotic and regular components. Though such dynamics has been extensively studied, a full understanding depends on many fine details that typically are beyond experimental and numerical resolution. This calls for a statistical approach, the subject of the present work. We calculate the statistics of the boundary circle winding numbers, contrasting the distribution of the elements of their continued fractions to that for uniformly selected irrationals. Since phase space transport is of great interest for dynamics, we compute the distributions of fluxes through island chains. Analytical fits show that the "level" and "class" distributions are distinct, and evidence for their universality is given.

Or Alus; Shmuel Fishman; James D. Meiss

2014-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

170

Santa Catalina Island: Reclaiming a National Treasure. A Report to The Ralph M. Parson抯 Foundation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

leading to severe nutrient stress for kelps. The effect ofIsland leading to nutrient stress of giant kelp in the leegiant kelp, Macrocystis pyrifera, are determined by nutrient

Parnell, Ed; Miller, Kathy Ann; Dayton, Paul K

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Energy Audits on Prince Edward Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High energy costs and uncertain supplies force industrial operators to seek out energy waste to keep costs down. The Enersave for Industry and Commerce program assists Prince Edward Island industries through an energy audit and grant program. A...

Hall, N. G.; Gillis, D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

US Virgin Islands renewable energy future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The US Virgin Islands must face drastic changes to its electrical system. There are two problems with electricity production in the USVI-it's dirty and it's expensive. Nearly one hundred percent of the electricity in these ...

Oldfield, Brian (Brian K.)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Solar School Program in Reunion Island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system efficiency. In R閡nion Island, the industrial engineering laboratory is involved in the regional solar school program. Its aim is to gather some local construction actors (city technical offices, architects, civil engineers, specialized university...

David, M.; Adelard, L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Bainbridge Island Data Dashboard | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The data dashboard for Bainbridge Island, a partner in the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program. bban0003805pmcdashboardy13-q3.xls More Documents...

175

Metromorphosis : evolution on the urban island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cities are very much alive. Like islands, they provide a natural testing ground for evolution. With more than half of the world's population living in urban areas now, the influence cities have on the planet's life is ...

Vezina, Kenrick (Kenrick Freitas)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

N. Mariana Islands- Renewables Portfolio Standard  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands enacted its Renewables Portfolio Standard in September 2007, in which a certain percentage of its net electricity sales must come from renewable...

177

Macroalgal distribution at Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from the reef community, macroalgae have been increasing in abundance on the reefs surrounding Lee Stocking Island (LSI), Bahamas. Macroalgal patches prevent coral recruitment and growth, thereby restructuring the reef. In such cases, coral and algal...

Roberts, Jill Christie

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Rhode Island)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Rhode Island as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific...

179

11 Life on Herbert Island (part 2)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 11 Length of track 45 minutes Title of track Life on Herbert Island (part 2) Translation...

Leonard, Stephen Pax

180

13 Life on Herbert Island (part 3)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 13 Length of track 30 minutes Title of track Life on Herbert Island (part 3) Translation...

Leonard, Stephen Pax

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

12 Life on Herbert Island (part 1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 12 Length of track 1 hour 35 minutes Title of track Life on Herbert Island (part 1...

Leonard, Stephen Pax

182

DYER ISLAND CONSERVATION TRUST LETTER OF CONCERN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

..........................................................................................................................8 4 GENERAL POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF THE NPS ON THE MARINE ENVIRONMENTDYER ISLAND CONSERVATION TRUST LETTER OF CONCERN ASSOCIATED WITH THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A NUCLEAR....................................................................................................................................6 3 THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT SURROUNDING BANTAMSKLIP

de Villiers, Marienne

183

U.S. Virgin Islands- Net Metering  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In February 2007, the U.S. Virgin Islands Public Services Commission approved a limited net-metering program for residential and commercial photovoltaic (PV), wind-energy or other renewable energy...

184

Case Study/ Effects of Groundwater Development on Uranium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Case Study/ Effects of Groundwater Development on Uranium: Central Valley, California, USA Abstract Uranium (U) concentrations in groundwater in several parts of the eastern San Joaquin Valley products sold (U.S. Department of 1Corresponding author: U.S. Geological Survey, California Water Science

185

Radiologoical Conditions on Rongelap Atoll: Recommendations for Visiting and Food Gathering on the Norhtern Islands of Rongelap Atoll  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rongelap Atoll experienced close-in or local fallout from the U.S. nuclear test program conducted in the northern Marshall Islands between 1946 and 1958. By all internationally agreed scientific criteria, Rongelap Island is considered safe for permanent resettlement. However, the amount of bomb-related radioactivity in soil and vegetation is, on average, about 5 times greater in the northern islands of the atoll because the centerline of the fallout pattern from the 1954 thermonuclear ''Bravo'' test extended over this part of the atoll. The most important radioactive element remaining on the atoll is radioactive cesium (cesium-137). Cesium-137 emits what is called a ''gamma ray'' that can penetrate the body and deliver both an external (outside the body) and internal (from inside the body) gamma dose to inhabitants of Rongelap Atoll. Cesium-137 is taken up from the soil into locally grown foodstuffs such as coconut, Pandanus and breadfruit. Significant quantities of cesium-137 may also be found in coconut crab. The internal dose delivered to people eating these products will be directly proportional to the concentration of cesium-137 in the food and the amount consumed. The external gamma dose will depend on the concentration of cesium-137 in the soil and the amount of time spent in the area. The highest concentration of cesium-137 in surface soils of the northern islands of Rongelap Atoll is about equivalent to that measured on Bikini Island. Under the radiation protection criteria adopted by the Republic of the Marshall Islands Nuclear Claims Tribunal, permanent resettlement of these islands would require intervention because of the higher radiation doses that could potentially be delivered to inhabitants living on a diet derived largely from local foods. A more realistic lifestyle scenario is that the resettled population on Rongelap Island will occasionally visit the northern part of the atoll for food gathering, fishing and other recreational activities. It is estimated that a person spending 8 hours (1 work day) in the interior of the Rongelap Atoll northern islands will receive a maximum additional external dose of around 0.1-0.2 mrem per day. Furthermore, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's environmental monitoring continues to show that the marine environment contains very low levels of bomb radioactivity. Similarly, the occasional consumption of terrestrial foods including coconut crab from the northern islands is not expected to add significantly to the radiological health risk of living on Rongelap Island. The average annual effective ingestion dose for Rongelap Island resettlement in 2002 is estimated to be around 1-2 mrem per year when imported foods are made available and proposed remediation efforts take effect. This estimate is about twice that of the Rongelap Island resettlement worker population using direct measurements from the whole body counting program. Resettlement workers presently living on the islands receive an average internal dose from cesium-137 of less than 1 mrem (0.01 mSv) per year. These workers are known to eat locally grown foods and coconut crabs collected from the northern islands. The highest individual dose observed was 4 mrem (0.04 mSv) per year. Under the guidelines adopted by the Republic of the Marshall Islands Nuclear Claims Tribunal, it is concluded that diving, fishing and visiting any northern island of Rongelap Atoll are safe activities for limited periods. Eating local fish and other marine life such as clams would also be considered safe. Consumption of plant foods from the northern islands of Rongelap Atoll depends on successful implementation of specific remediation measures to ensure dietary intakes of cesium-137 remain at or below levels considered safe. The whole body counting program should continue to monitor the actual internal levels of cesium-137 among people eating plants and coconut crabs gathered from the northern islands of Rongelap Atoll islands until such time that the Nuclear Claims Tribunal guidelines are met.

Hamliton, T F

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Snakes of the Lake ErieSnakes of the Lake Erie IslandsIslands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and were modified by human activities suchand were modified by human activities such as quarrying and farmingas quarrying and farming #12;Attempts were made to eradicate snakes from the islands #12;#12;...and;路 Found throughout Ohio 路 Locally found in the quarries of Kelleys island and on the shoreline of Johnson

King, Richard B.

187

CARES: Carbonaceous Aerosol and Radiative Effects Study Science Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carbonaceous aerosol components, which include black carbon (BC), urban primary organic aerosols (POA), biomass burning aerosols, and secondary organic aerosols (SOA) from both urban and biogenic precursors, have been previously shown to play a major role in the direct and indirect radiative forcing of climate. The primary objective of the CARES 2010 intensive field study is to investigate the evolution of carbonaceous aerosols of different types and their effects on optical and cloud formation properties.

Zaveri, RA; Shaw, WJ; Cziczo, DJ

2010-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

188

Self assembled nano-structures of Pb on Si(111) studied by SPA-LEED: Quantum Size Effect driven Pb islands and the "Devil's Staircase".  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??An important goal in present day surface science is to grow uniform sized self-assembled nanostructures. One system which has displayed a number of interesting surface (more)

Yakes, Michael Keith

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Keys to success: Ten case studies of effective weatherization programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1990, DOE initiated a nationwide evaluation of its Weatherization Program, with assistance from Oak Ridge National Laboratory and an advisory group of 40 weatherization professionals, program managers, and researchers. The evaluation is comprised of three impact studies covering the Program`s major market segments: Single-family homes, mobile homes, and dwellings in small (2 to 4-unit) multifamily buildings (the Single-Family Study), Single-family homes heated primarily with fuel oil (the Fuel-Oil Study), and Dwellings in buildings with five or more units (the Multifamily Study). The Single-Family Study, the subject of this report, is a critical part of this coordinated evaluation effort. Its focus on single-family dwellings, mobile homes, and dwellings in small multifamily buildings covers 83% of the income-eligible population and 96% of the dwellings weatherized during Program Year 1989. The first phase of the Single-Family Study involved the analysis of a massive data base of information collected from 368 local weatherization agencies and 543 electric and gas utilities. This analysis resulted in energy-saving and cost-effectiveness estimates for the Weatherization Program and the identification of a set of ten high-performing agencies located throughout the country. The second phase, which is the subject of this report, involves a ``process`` evaluation of these ten high performers, aimed at identifying those weatherization practices that explain their documented success.

Brown, M.A.; Berry, L.G.; Kolb, J.O.; White, D.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Kinney, L.F.; Wilson, T. [Synertech Systems Corp., Syracuse, NY (United States)

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Kinetic isotope effects, dynamic effects, and mechanistic studies of organic reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

徛?-conjugating substituent is distal to the oxazolidinone but decreased steric interaction when the 脧?-conjugating substituent is proximal to the oxazolidinone. Dynamic effects were studied in Diels-Alder reaction between acrolein and methyl vinyl ketone. This reaction...

Wang, Zhihong

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

191

Study of CSR Effects in the Jefferson Laboratory FEL Driver  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a recent experiment conducted on the Jefferson Laboratory IR FEL driver the effects of Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR) on beam quality were studied. The primary goal of this work was to explore CSR output and effect on the beam with variation of the bunch compression in the IR chicane. This experiment also provides a valuable opportunity to benchmark existing CSR models in a system that may not be fully represented by a 1-D CSR model. Here we present results from this experiment and compare to initial simulations of CSR in the magnetic compression chicane of the machine. Finally, we touch upon the possibility for CSR induced microbunching gain in the magnetic compression chicane, and show that parameters in the machine are such that it should be thoroughly damped.

Hall, C. C. [Colorado State U.; Biedron, S. [Colorado State U.; Burleson, Theodore A. [Colorado State U.; Milton, Stephen V. [Colorado State U.; Morin, Auralee L. [Colorado State U.; Benson, Stephen V. [JLAB; Douglas, David R. [JLAB; Evtushenko, Pavel E. [JLAB; Hannon, Fay E. [JLAB; Li, Rui [JLAB; Tennant, Christopher D. [JLAB; Zhang, Shukui [JLAB; Carlsten, Bruce E. [LANL; Lewellen, John W. [LANL

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Perceptions of nature in the Caribbean island of Dominica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Commonwealth of Dominica has acquired a reputation as the nature island of the Caribbean. This thesis sets out to explore how Dominicans perceive and relate to nature in their nature island. It considers these perceptions ...

Yarde, Therese Natalie

2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

193

U.S. Virgin Islands- Renewables Portfolio Targets  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In July 2009, the Virgin Islands passed Act 7075. Among other provisions, the legislation establishes that the "peak demanded generating capacity" of the Virgin Islands Water and Power Authority*...

194

Community Economic Development Business Program (Prince Edward Island, Canada)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Community Economic Development Business (CEDB) program has been created as part of the Prince Edward Island Rural Action Plan to support local investment in innovative Prince Edward Island...

195

Archipelagic American Studies and the Caribbean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rojo, The Repeating Island: The Caribbean and the PostmodernWhat Is an Island? Caribbean Studies and the Contemporarys work on the non-sovereign Caribbean, as described in 揘on-

Roberts, Brian Russell; Stephens, Michelle

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Genomic islands predict functional adaptation in marine actinobacteria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ecological adaptations among bacterial populations have been linked to genomic islands, strain-specific regions of DNA that house

Penn, Kevin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Rapan lifeways : society and history on a Polynesian island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RAPAN LIFEWAYS Society and history on a Polynesian island F. Allan Hanson RAPAN LIFEWAYS Society and History on a Polynesian Island ? % * ^Oahu ? Hawaii 1 1 1 - s PACIFIC OCEAN FRENCH r~ | MARQUESAS :" | ISLANDS ' 1 TUAto0Tu Tahiti ?:"._., Rurutu... ^^-j 1 Rimatara a * Tubl?'' "% 160" Ra'ivavae ^ ^ RAPA 1 TROPIC OF CANCER POLYNESIA v iii ii ii ii i " ???? -?? ! TROPIC OF CAPRICORN y 0? / Pitcaira RAPAN LIFEWAYS Society and History on a Polynesian Island F ALLAN HANSON The University of Kansas...

Hanson, F. Allan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Azania XLII 2007 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Azania XLII 2007 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and Madagascar before the sixteenth century interior and on outlying islands (Comoros, Madagascar) or were composed of lower classes in urban expansion and private enterprise. #12;16 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and Madagascar before

Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

199

current encounters a large island (main islands of Palau) basin-scale currents are driven by winds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Summary 路 current encounters a large island (main islands of Palau) 路 basin-scale currents are driven by winds 路 strong boundary currents like Gulf Stream 路 Palau has a boundary current 路 current

Johnston, Shaun

200

Energy Transition Initiative: Islands Playbook (Book)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Island Energy Playbook (the Playbook) provides an action-oriented guide to successfully initiating, planning, and completing a transition to an energy system that primarily relies on local resources to eliminate a dependence on one or two imported fuels. It is intended to serve as a readily available framework that any community can adapt to organize its own energy transition effort.

Not Available

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

US Army Corps of Engineers Caribbean Islands Region Version 2.0 WETLAND DETERMINATION DATA FORM Caribbean Islands Region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

US Army Corps of Engineers Caribbean Islands Region 颅 Version 2.0 WETLAND DETERMINATION DATA FORM 颅 Caribbean Islands Region Project/Site: Municipality/Town: Sampling Date: Applicant/Owner: PR or USVI or problematic. Hydrophytic Vegetation Present? Yes No Remarks: #12;US Army Corps of Engineers Caribbean Islands

US Army Corps of Engineers

202

Structural and Electronic Properties of Cobalt Germanide Islands on Ge(100) Junghun Choi, Do Kyung Lim, Youngwoo Kim, and Sehun Kim*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, RDE of metal silicide or germanide systems, with a low deposition rate, yields a semiconductorStructural and Electronic Properties of Cobalt Germanide Islands on Ge(100) Junghun Choi, Do Kyung 16, 2010 The structure and electronic properties of cobalt germanide islands were studied by scanning

Kim, Sehun

203

Energy Vulnerability Assessment for the US Pacific Islands. Technical Appendix 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The study, Energy Vulnerability Assessment of the US Pacific Islands, was mandated by the Congress of the United States as stated in House Resolution 776-220 of 1992, Section 1406. The resolution states that the US Secretary of Energy shall conduct a study of the implications of the unique vulnerabilities of the insular areas to an oil supply disruption. Such study shall outline how the insular areas shall gain access to vital oil supplies during times of national emergency. The resolution defines insular areas as the US Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and Palau. The US Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico are not included in this report. The US Department of Energy (USDOE) has broadened the scope of the study contained in the House Resolution to include emergency preparedness and response strategies which would reduce vulnerability to an oil supply disruption as well as steps to ameliorate adverse economic consequences. This includes a review of alternative energy technologies with respect to their potential for reducing dependence on imported petroleum. USDOE has outlined the four tasks of the energy vulnerability assessment as the following: (1) for each island, determine crude oil and refined product demand/supply, and characterize energy and economic infrastructure; (2) forecast global and regional oil trade flow patterns, energy demand/supply, and economic activities; (3) formulate oil supply disruption scenarios and ascertain the general and unique vulnerabilities of these islands to oil supply disruptions; and (4) outline emergency preparedness and response options to secure oil supplies in the short run, and reduce dependence on imported oil in the longer term.

Fesharaki, F.; Rizer, J.P.; Greer, L.S.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

PIC simulations of microturbulence in the presence of a magnetic island  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In tokamak experiments, magnetic islands destroy the axial symmetry of the plasma through a helical magnetic-field perturbation. In the reconnected region the confinement is rather poor, due to the fast parallel transport along the field lines. The behaviour of the plasma turbulence in such a situation needs to be investigated, since it has a significant impact on both the transport in the island region and the stability of the island itself.A first attempt to study this rather rich area is presented in this paper. A (static) island structure is included in the particle-in-cell (PIC) global nonlinear gyrokinetic code ORB5. The perturbed magnetic field due to the island changes the orbits of the ions and influences the structure of the fluctuating potential. The equations of motion and the equation for the distribution-function perturbation are modified accordingly. The first simulations of the perturbed electric potential, heat flux and mode spectrum due to ITG turbulence (without zonal flows) are presented.

Poli, E.; Bottino, A.; Peeters, A. G. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, Garching (Germany); Sauter, O. [CRPP, EURATOM-Confederation Suisse, EPFL, Lausanne (Switzerland)

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

205

Whole-body counting in the Marshall Islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1978 the Marshall Islands Radiological Safety Program was organized to perform radiation measurements and assess radiation doses for the people of the Bikini, Enewetak, Rongelap and Utirik Atolls. One of the major field components of this program is whole- body counting (WBC). WBC is used to monitor the quantity of gamma- emitting radionuclides present in individuals. A primary objective of the program was to establish {sup 137}Cesium body contents among the Enewetak, Rongelap and Utirik populations. {sup 137}Cs was the only gamma-emitting fission radionuclide detected in the 1,967 persons monitored. {sup 137}Cs body burdens tended to increase with age for both sexes, and were higher in males. The average {sup 137}Cs dose Annual Effective Dose for the three populations was as follows: For Enewetak, the dose was 22{+-}4 {mu}Sv. For Utirik, the dose was 33{+-} 3 {mu}Sv. Since 1985 the Rongelap people have been self-exiled to Mejatto. Biological elimination should have reduced their dose to virtually zero, and the measured dose was 2{+-}2 {mu}Sv. If they had remained on Rongelap Island, the calculated dose would have been 99 {mu}Sv, which is about one-third of the background dose. 7 refs., 1 tab. (MHB)

Sun, L.C.; Clinton, J.; Kaplan, E.; Meinhold, C.B.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Development of a Conceptual Chum Salmon Emergence Model for Ives Island  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the study described herein was to develop a conceptual model of chum salmon emergence that was based on empirical water temperature of the riverbed and river in specific locations where chum salmon spawn in the Ives Island area. The conceptual model was developed using water temperature data that have been collected in the past and are currently being collected in the Ives Island area. The model will be useful to system operators who need to estimate the complete distribution of chum salmon emergence (first emergence through final emergence) in order to balance chum salmon redd protection and power system operation.

Murray, Christopher J.; Geist, David R.; Arntzen, Evan V.; Bott, Yi-Ju; Nabelek, Marc A.

2011-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

207

Grey Island Energy Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:Greer County is a county in Oklahoma. Its FIPSGresham Park,Grey Island

208

Lessons Learned in Islands | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataCombined HeatInformation ResourcesIsland EnergyLabLeadership

209

Development of Regional Wind Resource and Wind Plant Output Datasets for the Hawaiian Islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In March 2009, AWS Truepower was engaged by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to develop a set of wind resource and plant output data for the Hawaiian Islands. The objective of this project was to expand the methods and techniques employed in the Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study (EWITS) to include the state of Hawaii.

Manobianco, J.; Alonge, C.; Frank, J.; Brower, M.

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

HEAT ISLAND OF SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS DETECTED BY MODIS/AQUA TEMPERATURE PRODUCT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by Chudnovsky et al. (2004) suggests that the best remote sensing for urban heat environment study shouldHEAT ISLAND OF SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS DETECTED BY MODIS/AQUA TEMPERATURE PRODUCT Hongjie Xie, Huade Guan, and Sandra Ytuarte Laboratory for Remote Sensing and Geoinformatics Department of Earth

Texas at San Antonio, University of

211

Cluster radioactivities from an island of cluster emitters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have recently developed a realistic model for studying cluster radioactivities from actinide nuclei. This model uses a cubic potential in the overlapping region connected by a Yukawa-plus-exponential potential in the post-scission region. In the present work we use this model to study {sup 4}He, {sup 12}C, {sup 16}O, and {sup 28}Si radioactivities in the region of nuclides with proton and neutron number in the range {ital Z}=56--64 and {ital N}=58--72, which has been recently identified by Poenaru {ital et} {ital al}. as a new island of such cluster emitters. It is found that charge equilibration is not needed in the study of these radioactivities and the half-lives obtained for these decays lie very close to those reported by Poenaru {ital et} {ital al}. using their analytical super asymmetric fission model.

Shanmugam, G.; Carmel Vigila Bai, G.M. [Department of Physics, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli 627 002 (India)] [Department of Physics, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli 627 002 (India); Kamalaharan, B. [Department of Physics, Presidency College, Madras 600 005 (India)] [Department of Physics, Presidency College, Madras 600 005 (India)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER FACILITIE STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER...

213

City of Healdsburg Green Building Ordinance Energy Cost-Effectiveness Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

City of Healdsburg Green Building Ordinance Energy Cost-Effectiveness Study April 21, 2011 Scott-3346 sward@ci.healdsburg.ca.us #12;Energy Cost-Effectiveness Study for City of Healdsburg Green Building . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 #12;Energy Cost-Effectiveness Study for City of Healdsburg Green Building Ordinances, 4

214

A study on the effects of central prostaglandin E? infusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pressor, heart rate, and colonic temperature effects of ICV PGE2 infusions in control and 2 mg/kg IV phenoxybenzamine treated rats 17 Rectal temperature and oxygen consumption effects of ICV infusion of PGE2 ~ 19 Blood pressure, heart rate, rectal... and other investigators have shown PGE~ to be the most potent vasodepressor agent of the group of prostaglandins. 2?~? The cardiovascular effects of PGEI, as shown by Bergstrom? Garison and Oro? and Burton? suggest that PGEI lowers systemic blood...

Valigura, Thomas Joe

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

A Statistical Model of Magnetic Islands in a Large Current Layer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop a statistical model describing the dynamics of magnetic islands in very large current layers that develop in space plasma. Two parameters characterize the island distribution: the flux contained in the island and the area it encloses. We derive an integro-differential evolution equation for this distribution function, based on rules that govern the small-scale generation of secondary islands, the rates of island growth, and island merging. Our numerical solutions of this equation produce island distributions relevant to the magnetosphere and corona. We also derive and analytically solve a differential equation for large islands that explicitly shows the role merging plays in island growth.

Fermo, R L; Swisdak, M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Hidden costs of the accident at Three Mile Island  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has been possible to identify a significant drop in the performance of Pressurised Water Reactors (PWRs) in the western world following the accident at Three Mile Island (TMI). Although there are indications that the magnitude of the load factor reduction was slightly larger in the U.S., there is nevertheless strong evidence to suggest that the response was felt in all countries with operating PWRs. The effect did not, however, extend to other reactor systems; even the generically similar Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) suffered no drop in output. It is estimated that the costs, worldwide, of this fall in performance are of the same order as the TMI clean-up operation.

Evans, N.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Celebrating Asian American Pacific Islander Heritage Month at...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders at the Energy Department, in the energy workforce, and throughout history. Headquarter employees and members of the general...

218

,"Grand Island, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Grand Island,...

219

Validation in Genomics: CpG Island Methylation Revisited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

analysis. In: Functional Genomics: Methods and Protocols, M.Segal: Validation in Genomics: CpG Island Methylationpackage and applications to genomics. Bioinformatics and

Segal, Mark R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands Initial Technical Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is an initial energy assessment for the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), the first of many steps in developing a comprehensive energy strategy.

Baring-Gould, I.; Hunsberger, R.; Visser, C.; Voss, P.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Energy Office Grant Helps the Virgin Islands Environmental Resource...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Energy Office Grant Helps the Virgin Islands Environmental Resource Station Install Solar Panels, Improve Efficiency, and Cut Monthly Energy Use Nearly 30% Energy Office Grant...

222

U.S. Virgin Islands Leadership Embraces Inclusiveness to Ensure...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Leadership Embraces Inclusiveness to Ensure Community Ownership of Clean Energy Vision U.S. Virgin Islands Leadership Embraces Inclusiveness to Ensure Community Ownership of Clean...

223

antilles island arc: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The morphology of the underthrust oceanic crust controls the mag matic activity of the island arc, and particularly the development, in space and time, of "arc compartments." Denis...

224

Long Island Power Authority- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Long Island Power Authority offers a variety of incentives for its non-residential customers to increase the energy efficiency of facilities through the Commercial Efficiency Program. Major...

225

Interconnecting gold islands with DNA origami  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformation for and NovelFEG-SEM with0,Interconnecting gold islands

226

Marshall Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories on climateJunoMedanos EnergyMMalawi:Manassas is aisIslands: Energy

227

Solomon Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty Ltd Jump to:InformationSolergy Power JumpIslands: Energy Resources Jump to:

228

Recovery Act State Memos Mariana Islands  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L dDepartment ofList?Department09 SectionGeorgia ForIowaMariana Islands

229

Recovery Act State Memos Virgin Islands  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L dDepartment ofList?Department09Jersey ForDakota ForVirgin Islands For

230

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Information  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAbout theOFFICE OFFuelsPropane Tank Overfill SafetyVehicleRhode Island

231

Offshore Islands Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's HeatMexico:CommunityNorthwest BasinOahu,12 YeomanIslands Ltd Region:

232

Integrative Workplace: Studying the Effect of Digital Desks on Users'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to develop the system and tested it in a pre-study. The study revealed a system usability between OK and GOOD.Gebhardt@uni-konstanz.de Roman R盲dle Human-Computer Interaction Group University of Konstanz, Germany Roman implementation. Then, we report results from a pre-study that inform the next iteration of our prototype. We

Reiterer, Harald

233

A household carbon footprint calculator for islands: Case study of the United States Virgin Islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of California, 310 Barrows Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e i n f o Article history. Also, electricity and food are much larger contributors to total footprint than in the US. Results high in the cost and quality of electricity and transportation, and also impacts the provision of basic goods

Kammen, Daniel M.

234

Wave Energy Resources Representative Sites Around the Hawaiian Islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wave Energy Resources for Representative Sites Around the Hawaiian Islands Prepared by: Luis A. Vega Ph.D October 11, 2010 #12;Wave Power Resources off the Hawaiian Islands October 11, 2010 1 Foreword This report provides wave energy resource information required to select coastal segments

235

Hierarchical Control Scheme for Voltage Unbalance Compensation in Islanded Microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hierarchical Control Scheme for Voltage Unbalance Compensation in Islanded Microgrids Mehdi@et.aau.dk Abstract-- The concept of microgrid hierarchical control is presented, recently. In this paper, a hierarchical scheme which includes primary and secondary control levels is proposed for islanded microgrids

Vasquez, Juan Carlos

236

Introduction The island of Hispaniola has reduced its malaria burden,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction The island of Hispaniola has reduced its malaria burden, with parasite prevalence feasible. The risk of imported malaria cases to the island of Hispaniola appears extremely low, e.g., fewer than 10 infections were imported from outside Hispaniola to the Dominican Republic in 2012. Based

Klein, Ophir

237

Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the biological contamination of waters that have been used for the last 100 years have been shown to lack certainVirgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2000 Introduction The Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute (WRRI) is a unit of the University of the Virgin

238

Island Bellwether: Climate Change and Energy Policy Strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

responsible for current and forecast global warming 路 Fossil fuel energy systems are the primary cause of GHGa) Island Bellwether: Climate Change and Energy Policy Strategy for Small Island Developing States John Byrne, Leigh Glover, Vernese Inniss and Gerard Alleng Center for Energy and Environmental Policy

Delaware, University of

239

Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

water is a concern, so too is proper disposal of wastewater. The Virgin Islands Water Resources Research with cistern water quality, treatment of wastewater from aquaponic systems and sediment export from watersheds is a major concern in the Territory of the US Virgin Islands. As part of our endeavour to do a detailed

240

A Distributed Generation Control Architecture for Islanded AC Microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A Distributed Generation Control Architecture for Islanded AC Microgrids Stanton T. Cady, Student Member, IEEE Abstract In this paper, we propose a distributed architecture for generation control in islanded ac microgrids with both synchronous generators and inverter-interfaced power supplies. Although

Dominguez-Garcia, Alejandro

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Forensic identification: the Island Problem and its generalisations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forensic identification: the Island Problem and its generalisations Klaas Slooten and Ronald Meester April 26, 2010 Abstract In forensics it is a classical problem to determine, when a suspect by a likelihood ratio. Keywords: Island problem, Forensic identification, Weight of evidence, Posterior odds

Meester, Ronald

242

Computational study of radiation damage and impurity effects in iron based alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Molecular dynamics techniques are used to explore metals at an atomic level. The focus of the studies is the effects of irradiation on a metallic system. Ion surface bombardment effects, bulk cascades and interaction ...

Galloway, Graham

2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

243

Radiative Effects of Dust Aerosols, Natural Cirrus Clouds and Contrails: Broadband Optical Properties and Sensitivity Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation aims to study the broadband optical properties and radiative effects of dust aerosols and ice clouds. It covers three main topics: the uncertainty of dust optical properties and radiative effects from the dust particle shape...

Yi, Bingqi

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

244

An exploratory study of the multiplier effect as a component of staff development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Part of Curriculum, Grade Level, or Standards; Restrictions on Time, Space, or Resources; Not My Teaching Subject; and Additional Comments. The inferences based on the findings of this research study support the effectiveness of the multiplier effect...

Bynum, Katie Carol

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

E-Print Network 3.0 - abruka island west Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

<< < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 41 William W. Hay Railroad Engineering Seminar Summary: 12;Powerhouse Island Powerhouse Island West Bank West Bank Kentucky Lake Kentucky Lake...

246

E-Print Network 3.0 - autonomous island networks Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the communities on Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island is highly connected social networks. Research participants... confidentiality) would be received by the communities...

247

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study: The Effects of...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Wind and Solar Power- Induced Cycling on Wear-and-Tear Costs and Emissions Results From the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 The electric grid is a highly complex,...

248

Transverse effects in plasma wakefield acceleration at FACET - Simulation studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate transverse effects in the plasma-wakefield acceleration experiments planned and ongoing at FACET. We use PIC simulation tools, mainly QuickPIC, to simulate the interaction of the drive electron beam and the plasma. In FACET a number of beam dynamics knobs, including dispersion and bunch length knobs, can be used to vary the beam transverse characteristics in the plasma. We present simulation results and the status of the FACET experimental searches.

Adli, E.; Hogan, M.; Frederico, J.; Litos, M. D.; An, W.; Mori, W. [Department of Physics, University of Oslo, N-0316 Oslo (Norway); SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States); University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90024 (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

249

Effect of microwave radiation on Jayadhar cotton fibers: WAXS studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermal effect in the form of micro wave energy on Jayadhar cotton fiber has been investigated. Microstructural parameters have been estimated using wide angle x-ray scattering (WAXS) data and line profile analysis program developed by us. Physical properties like tensile strength are correlated with X-ray results. We observe that the microwave radiation do affect significantly many parameters and we have suggested a multivariate analysis of these parameters to arrive at a significant result.

Niranjana, A. R., E-mail: arnphysics@gmail.com; Mahesh, S. S., E-mail: arnphysics@gmail.com; Divakara, S., E-mail: arnphysics@gmail.com; Somashekar, R., E-mail: arnphysics@gmail.com [Department of Studies in Physics, University of Mysore, Mysore-570006 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

250

Wave Power Resources off the Hawaiian Islands luisvega@hawaii.edu Wave Resources for Representative Sites Around the Hawaiian Islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wave Power Resources off the Hawaiian Islands luisvega@hawaii.edu 1 Wave Resources for Representative Sites Around the Hawaiian Islands Table of Contents Summary p2 Background: Wave Power Conversion p3 Licensing and Permitting p3 Challenges and Barriers p4 Wave Power Resources: Previous Work p5 Wave

251

Rhode Island Energy and Cost Savings for New Single- and Multifamily Homes: 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2009 IECC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) yields positive benefits for Rhode Island homeowners. Moving to the 2012 IECC from the 2009 IECC is cost effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Rhode Island homeowners will save $11,011 with the 2012 IECC. After accounting for upfront costs and additional costs financed in the mortgage, homeowners should see net positive cash flows (i.e., cumulative savings exceeding cumulative cash outlays) in 1 year for the 2012 IECC. Average annual energy savings are $629 for the 2012 IECC.

Lucas, Robert G.; Taylor, Zachary T.; Mendon, Vrushali V.; Goel, Supriya

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Studies of Copper Nanoparticles Effects on Micro-organisms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss about the antibacterial activities of copper nanoparticles on both Gram negative and Gram positive bacteria in this investigation. First time, we increase its antibacterial activities by using electrical power while on electrolysis synthesis and it is confirmed from its more antibacterial activities (For Escherichia coli bacteria). We investigate the changes of surface area to volume ratio of copper nanoparticles prepared in two different methods and its effects on antibacterial activities. We note that slight change of surface area to volume ratio results in the enhancement of its antibacterial activities.

T. Theivasanthi; M. Alagar

2011-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

253

Three Mile Island: the financial fallout  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nuclear accident at Three Mile Island raised serious questions about the financial ability of the electric utility company owners to clean up and repair the damaged reactor facilities while continuing to provide reliable electric service to customers. Financial insolvency of the companies is not imminent and power supplies are assured for the immediate future. However, the loss of earnings capability by the Metropolitan Edison Company makes it questionable whether it can fund its share of the clean-up costs and maintain system reliability without large rate increases or some external financial assistance. The accident has shown that the utilities and Federal and State regulatory agencies were not prepared to deal with recovery from such a large financial loss. The Department of Energy should move swiftly to assess the financial needs of the affected utilities and develop plans for meeting them.

Not Available

1980-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

254

The Marshall Islands Data Management Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a resource document of the methods and procedures used currently in the Data Management Program of the Marshall Islands Dose Assessment and Radioecology Project. Since 1973, over 60,000 environmental samples have been collected. Our program includes relational database design, programming and maintenance; sample and information management; sample tracking; quality control; and data entry, evaluation and reduction. The usefulness of scientific databases involves careful planning in order to fulfill the requirements of any large research program. Compilation of scientific results requires consolidation of information from several databases, and incorporation of new information as it is generated. The success in combining and organizing all radionuclide analysis, sample information and statistical results into a readily accessible form, is critical to our project.

Stoker, A.C.; Conrado, C.L.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Effective interactions and shell model studies of heavy tin isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results from large-scale shell-model calculations of even and odd tin isotopes from 134Sn to 142}Sn with a shell-model space defined by the 1f7/2,2p3/2,0h9/2,2p1/2,1f5/2,0i13/2 single-particle orbits. An effective two-body interaction based on modern nucleon-nucleon interactions is employed. The shell-model results are in turn analyzed for their pairing content using a generalized seniority approach. Our results indicate that a pairing-model picture captures a great deal of the structure and the correlations of the lowest lying states for even and odd isotopes.

M. P. Kartamyshev; T. Engeland; M. Hjorth-Jensen; E. Osnes

2006-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

256

Study of the Transition Effect with the ATLAS Tile Calorimeter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the aim to establish the electromagnetic energy scale of the ATLAS Tile calorimeter and understanding the performance of the calorimeter to electrons 12% of modules have been exposed in electron beams with various energies. On a basis of the obtained electromagnetic calibration constants we have determined the e/mip values in dependence of the absorber thickness using different beam incident angles. We have observed the transition effect (e/mip < 1) and, for the first time, its behaviour as a function of the absorber thickness --- the e/mip ratio decreases logarithmically when the absorber thickness increases this is well described by the GEANT4 version 6.2 Monte Carlo simulation. These results are important for precision electromagnetic energy scale determination for the ATLAS Tile calorimeter.

Budagov, Yu A; Khoriauli, G D; Khubua, J I; Kulchitskii, Yu A; Rusakovitch, N A; Tsiareshka, P V; Vinogradov, V B

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Network learning effects of ISO 22000 standard implementation in a food SME: a case study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Network learning effects of ISO 22000 standard implementation in a food SME: a case study Zam to a specific food SME case in order to test it and to identify the key network learning effects that occur will be especially targeted towards the strengthening of learning processes and effects between the SME

Boyer, Edmond

258

CORTICAL BRAIN SURFACE MAPPING FOR STUDYING PARTIAL VOLUME EFFECTS IN BRAIN FDG PET IMAGES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CORTICAL BRAIN SURFACE MAPPING FOR STUDYING PARTIAL VOLUME EFFECTS IN BRAIN FDG PET IMAGES Hillary PET images is confounded by tissue atrophy and partial volume effects, especially in patients-based cortical brain surface mapping technique to account for partial volume effects on brain FDG PET images

Thompson, Paul

259

Study of fusion product effects in field-reversed mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of fusion products (fps) on Field-Reversed Mirror (FRM) reactor concepts has been evaluated through the development of two new computer models. The first code (MCFRM) treats fps as test particles in a fixed background plasma, which is represented as a fluid. MCFRM includes a Monte Carlo treatment of Coulomb scattering and thus provides an accurate treatment of fp behavior even at lower energies where pitch-angle scattering becomes important. The second code (FRMOD) is a steady-state, globally averaged, two-fluid (ion and electron), point model of the FRM plasma that incorporates fp heating and ash buildup values which are consistent with the MCFRM calculations. These codes have been used extensively in the development of an advanced-fuel FRM reactor design (SAFFIRE). A Catalyzed-D version of the plant is also discussed along with an investigation of the steady-state energy distribution of fps in the FRM. User guides for the two computer codes are also included.

Driemeyer, D.E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Seismic stratigraphy and structure of the Barter Island sector of the Western Beaufort Sea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) is currently motivating additional studies along the coastal region (Magoon and Bird, in press). The presence of the AN(JR along the coastal plain of the Barter Island sector has stopped the development of onshore drilling in the region. The geology of ANWR... Over the recent past, the interpretation of seismic data was strongly influenced by the publication of Payton (1977). The application of seismic stratigraphy with respect to sea level changes is not universally accepted and continues to be debated...

Coffman, Jeffrey Dale

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A thermomechanical study of the effects of mold topography on the solidification of Aluminum alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A thermomechanical study of the effects of mold topography on the solidification of Aluminum-3801, USA A thermomechanical study of the effects of mold topography on the solidification of Aluminum deformation and heat transfer at the mold/solid-shell interface during the early stages of Aluminum

Zabaras, Nicholas J.

262

Hydrogen effects on stainless steel passive film fracture studied by nanoindentation , L.J. Qiao a,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Letter Hydrogen effects on stainless steel passive film fracture studied by nanoindentation Y. Yao. Hydrogen absorption a b s t r a c t Hydrogen effects on the fracture stress of passive film formed on 316L stainless steel were studied by nanoindentation. Hydrogen accumulated primarily on the sample surface

Volinsky, Alex A.

263

Subduction Controls of Hf and Nd Isotopes in Lavas of the Aleutian Island Arc  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hf and Nd isotopic compositions of 71 Quaternary lavas collected from locations along the full length of the Aleutian island arc are used to constrain the sources of Aleutian magmas and to provide insight into the geochemical behavior of Nd and Hf and related elements in the Aleutian subduction-magmatic system. Isotopic compositions of Aleutian lavas fall approximately at the center of, and form a trend parallel to, the terrestrial Hf-Nd isotopic array with {var_epsilon}{sub Hf} of +12.0 to +15.5 and {var_epsilon}{sub Nd} of +6.5 to +10.5. Basalts, andesites, and dacites within volcanic centers or in nearby volcanoes generally all have similar isotopic compositions, indicating that there is little measurable effect of crustal or other lithospheric assimilation within the volcanic plumbing systems of Aleutian volcanoes. Hafnium isotopic compositions have a clear pattern of along-arc increase that is continuous from the eastern-most locations near Cold Bay to Piip Seamount in the western-most part of the arc. This pattern is interpreted to reflect a westward decrease in the subducted sediment component present in Aleutian lavas, reflecting progressively lower rates of subduction westward as well as decreasing availability of trench sediment. Binary bulk mixing models (sediment + peridotite) demonstrate that 1-2% of the Hf in Aleutian lavas is derived from subducted sediment, indicating that Hf is mobilized out of the subducted sediment with an efficiency that is similar to that of Sr, Pb and Nd. Low published solubility for Hf and Nd in aqueous subduction fluids lead us to conclude that these elements are mobilized out of the subducted component and transferred to the mantle wedge as bulk sediment or as a silicate melt. Neodymium isotopes also generally increase from east to west, but the pattern is absent in the eastern third of the arc, where the sediment flux is high and increases from east to west, due to the presence of abundant terrigenous sediment in the trench east of the Amlia Fracture Zone, which is being subducting beneath the arc at Seguam Island. Mixing trends between mantle wedge and sediment end members become flatter in Hf-Nd isotope space at locations further west along the arc, indicating that the sediment end member in the west has either higher Nd/Hf or is more radiogenic in Hf compared to Nd. This pattern is interpreted to reflect an increase in pelagic clay relative to the terrigenous subducted sedimentary component westward along the arc. Results of this study imply that Hf does not behave as a conservative element in the Aleutian subduction system, as has been proposed for some other arcs.

Yogodzinski, Gene; Vervoort, Jeffery; Brown, Shaun Tyler; Gerseny, Megan

2010-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

264

Island biogeography Much of our current understanding of how many species occupy a community comes from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a balance between ongoing immigration of new species to the island and continuous extinction of species') and E is the maximum rate of extinction (the rate of extinction when the number of species on the island there are no species on the island (logically). But extinction rate increases with increasing species on the island

Creel, Scott

265

CARES: Carbonaceous Aerosol and Radiative Effects Study Operations Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The CARES field campaign is motivated by the scientific issues described in the CARES Science Plan. The primary objectives of this field campaign are to investigate the evolution and aging of carbonaceous aerosols and their climate-affecting properties in the urban plume of Sacramento, California, a mid-size, mid-latitude city that is located upwind of a biogenic volatile organic compound (VOC) emission region. Our basic observational strategy is to make comprehensive gas, aerosol, and meteorological measurements upwind, within, and downwind of the urban area with the DOE G-1 aircraft and at strategically located ground sites so as to study the evolution of urban aerosols as they age and mix with biogenic SOA precursors. The NASA B-200 aircraft, equipped with the High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL), digital camera, and the Research Scanning Polarimeter (RSP), will be flown in coordination with the G-1 to characterize the vertical and horizontal distribution of aerosols and aerosol optical properties, and to provide the vertical context for the G-1 and ground in situ measurements.

Zaveri, RA; Shaw, WJ; Cziczo, DJ

2010-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

266

Laboratory Studies on the Effects of Shear on Fish  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of our studies was to specify an index describing the hydraulic force that fish experience when subjected to a shear environment. Fluid shear is a phenomenon that is important to fish. However, elevated levels of shear may result in strain rates that injure or kill fish. At hydroelectric generating facilities, concerns have been expressed that strain rates associated with passage through turbines, spillways, and fish bypass systems may adversely affect migrating fish. Development of fish friendly hydroelectric turbines requires knowledge of the physical forces (injury mechanisms) that impact entrained fish and the fish's tolerance to these forces. It requires up-front, pre-design specifications for the environmental conditions that occur within the turbine system, in other words, determining or assuming that those conditions known to injure fish will provide the descriptions of conditions that engineers must consider in the design of a turbine system. These biological specifications must be carefully and thoroughly documented throughout the design of a fish friendly turbine. To address the development of biological specifications, we designed and built a test facility where juvenile fish could be subjected to a range of shear environments and quantified their biological response.

Neitzel, Duane A.; Richmond, Marshall C.; Dauble, Dennis D.; Mueller, Robert P.; Moursund, Russell A.; Abernethy, Cary S.; Guensch, Greg R.

2000-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

267

Study of electrostatic charge generation and antistatic additive effects in used transformer oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDY OF ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE GENERATION AND ANTISTATIC ADDITIVE EFFECTS IN USED TRANSFORMER OIL A Thesis by FERNANDO RANGEL CLAVIJO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A8tM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject: Safety Engineering STUDY OF ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE GENERATION AND ANTISTATIC ADDITIVE EFFECTS IN USED TRANSFORMER OIL A Thesis by FERNANDO RANGEL CLAVIJO Approved as to style...

Rangel Clavijo, Fernando

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Experimental studies of wind effects on runup and overtopping of revetments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES OF WIND EFFECTS ON RUNUP AND OVERTOPPING OF REVETMENTS A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER GERARD WIBNER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1995 Major Subject: Ocean Engineering EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES OF WIND EFFECTS ON RUNUP AND OVERTOPPING OF REVETMENTS A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER GERARD WIENER Submitted to Texas A%M University in partial fulfillment...

Wibner, Christopher Gerard

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

The effect of terrorism on public confidence : an exploratory study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A primary goal of terrorism is to instill a sense of fear and vulnerability in a population and to erode confidence in government and law enforcement agencies to protect citizens against future attacks. In recognition of its importance, the Department of Homeland Security includes public confidence as one of the metrics it uses to assess the consequences of terrorist attacks. Hence, several factors--including a detailed understanding of the variations in public confidence among individuals, by type of terrorist event, and as a function of time--are critical to developing this metric. In this exploratory study, a questionnaire was designed, tested, and administered to small groups of individuals to measure public confidence in the ability of federal, state, and local governments and their public safety agencies to prevent acts of terrorism. Data were collected from the groups before and after they watched mock television news broadcasts portraying a smallpox attack, a series of suicide bomber attacks, a refinery bombing, and cyber intrusions on financial institutions that resulted in identity theft and financial losses. Our findings include the following: (a) the subjects can be classified into at least three distinct groups on the basis of their baseline outlook--optimistic, pessimistic, and unaffected; (b) the subjects make discriminations in their interpretations of an event on the basis of the nature of a terrorist attack, the time horizon, and its impact; (c) the recovery of confidence after a terrorist event has an incubation period and typically does not return to its initial level in the long-term; (d) the patterns of recovery of confidence differ between the optimists and the pessimists; and (e) individuals are able to associate a monetary value with a loss or gain in confidence, and the value associated with a loss is greater than the value associated with a gain. These findings illustrate the importance the public places in their confidence in government and law enforcement and also indicate that the level of importance is clearly of a magnitude on the order of other major terrorist event consequences, such as loss of human life and impacts to the economy.

Berry, M. S.; Baldwin, T. E.; Samsa, M. E.; Ramaprasad, A.; Decision and Information Sciences

2008-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

270

Temporal Variation in Fish Communities Off Santa Cruz Island, California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at sub-tidal reefs and kelp beds at Santa Cruz Island in theand/or by the loss of giant kelp, which occurs during warm-diminishing the extent of giant kelp beds. Student Michelle

Larson, Ralph

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

A Simple Technique for Islanding Detection with Negligible Nondetection Zone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although active islanding detection techniques have smaller nondetection zones than passive techniques, active methods could degrade the system power quality and are not as simple and easy to implement as passive methods. ...

Kirtley Jr, James L.

272

ambrym island vanuatu: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

subpicosecond carrier dynamics C. Kadowa) Materials; accepted for publication 5 October 1999 We report the growth of self-assembled ErAs islands embedded in GaAs by molecular beam...

273

anticosti island laurentia: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

subpicosecond carrier dynamics C. Kadowa) Materials; accepted for publication 5 October 1999 We report the growth of self-assembled ErAs islands embedded in GaAs by molecular beam...

274

aegna island tallinn: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

subpicosecond carrier dynamics C. Kadowa) Materials; accepted for publication 5 October 1999 We report the growth of self-assembled ErAs islands embedded in GaAs by molecular beam...

275

Rules and Regulations for Sewage Sludge Management (Rhode Island)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The purpose of these rules and regulations is to ensure that sewage sludge that is treated, land applied, disposed, distributed, stockpiled or transported in the State of Rhode Island is done so in...

276

THE UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND FRINGE BENEFIT AVERAGE RATE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE UNIVERSITY OF RHODE ISLAND FRINGE BENEFIT AVERAGE RATE FY 2015 Allocation Cost or Classified.2% URI Budget & Financial Planning Office 9.17.14 Office:fringebenefits:office of sponsored projects: FY2015 Allocation #12;

Rhode Island, University of

277

FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

the Interior FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office 300 Ala Moana Boulevard, Room 3-122, Box 50088 Honolulu, Hawaii 96850 In Reply Refer To: 20 lO-F...

278

Quaternary morphology and paleoenvironmental records of carbonate islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Here I use a simple numerical model of reef profile evolution to show that the present-day morphology of carbonate islands has developed largely in response to late Pleistocene sea level oscillations in addition to variable ...

Toomey, Michael (Michael Ryan)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Demonstration of Black Liquor Gasification at Big Island  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Final Technical Report provides an account of the project for the demonstration of Black Liquor Gasification at Georgia-Pacific LLC's Big Island, VA facility. This report covers the period from May 5, 2000 through November 30, 2006.

Robert DeCarrera

2007-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

280

Distribution, Growth, and Disturbance of Catalina Island Rhodoliths  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

seasonality. Sedimentology 41: 963-984 Friewald A (1998)Godinez-Orta L (2006) Sedimentology and acoustic mapping ofIsland, New Zealand. Sedimentology 55: 249-274 Orth RJ (

Tompkins, Paul Anthony

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

First Regional Super ESPC a Success on Kodiak Island, Alaska...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

at Kodiak Island helped pave the way for additional Super ESPC projects at other agencies. "For these projects to be successful, the agency needs to be committed at the site...

282

Qualifying RPS Market States (Prince Edward Island, Canada)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This entry lists the states with RPS policies that accept generation located in Prince Edward Island, Canada as eligible sources towards their Renewable Portfolio Standard targets or goals. For...

283

assateague island national: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

OF THE DEPARTMENT OF VERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY NATIONAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL surveys of the Marshall and Marianas Islands by L. P. Schultz and colleagues. Vic went on to exceed all...

284

aeolian islands italy: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

de 14 Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Tsunami generation in Stromboli island and impact on the CiteSeer Summary: Abstract. Stromboli is one of the most active...

285

46 Various stories from life on Hebert Island (part 1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 46 Length of track 1 hour 53 minutes Title of track Various stories from life on Hebert Island...

Leonard, Stephen Pax

286

47 Various stories from life on Hebert Island (part 2)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Stephen Leonard Tape No. / Track / Item No. 48 Length of track 2 hour 2 minutes Title of track Various stories from life on Hebert Island...

Leonard, Stephen Pax

287

Visual Modeling for Aqua Ventus I off Monhegan Island, ME  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To assist the University of Maine in demonstrating a clear pathway to project completion, PNNL has developed visualization models of the Aqua Ventus I project that accurately depict the Aqua Ventus I turbines from various points on Monhegain Island, ME and the surrounding area. With a hub height of 100 meters, the Aqua Ventus I turbines are large and may be seen from many areas on Monhegan Island, potentially disrupting important viewsheds. By developing these visualization models, which consist of actual photographs taken from Monhegan Island and the surrounding area with the Aqua Ventus I turbines superimposed within each photograph, PNNL intends to support the project抯 siting and permitting process by providing the Monhegan Island community and various other stakeholders with a probable glimpse of how the Aqua Ventus I project will appear.

Hanna, Luke A.; Whiting, Jonathan M.; Copping, Andrea E.

2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

288

Renewable Energy and Inter-Island Power Transmission (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation summarizes recent findings pertaining to inter-island connection of renewable and other energy sources, in particular, as these findings relate cable options, routing, specifications, and pros and cons.

Gevorgian, V.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Rules and Regulations for Groundwater Quality (Rhode Island)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These regulations provide standards for groundwater quality in the state of Rhode Island. The rules are intended to protect and restore the quality of the state's groundwater resources for use as...

290

Solar Water Heater Rebate Program (U.S. Virgin Islands)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Virgin Islands Energy Office currently offers rebates to residents for purchasing solar water heaters from local vendors. The program will cover residential, solar water heaters of 120 gallons...

291

A wave refraction analysis for an axially symmetrical island  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A WAVE REFRACTION ANALYSIS FOR AN AXIALLY SYMMETRICAL ISLAND A Thesis By LIEUTENANT RONALD J FORST UNITED STATES NAVY Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE l966 Major Subject Oceanography A WAVE REFRACTION ANALYSIS FOR AN AXIALLY SYMMETRICAL ISLAND A Thesis By LIEUTENANT RONALD J FORST UNITED STATES NAVY Approved as to style and content by; ( airma Committee) Head of Dep rtme t...

Forst, Ronald John

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Tsunami response at Wake Island: azimuthal mode analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TSUNAMI RESPONSE AT WAKE ISLAND: AZIMUTIIAL MODE ANALYSIS A Thesis by WILTIE AUSTIN CRESWELL III Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1987 Major Subject: Oceanography TSUNAMI RESPONSE AT WAKE ISLAND: AZIMUTHAL MODE ANALYSIS A Thesis by WILTIE AUSTIN CRESWELL III Approved as to style and content by: Andrew C. Vastano (Chairman of Committee) Robert O. Reid (Member) Guy...

Creswell, Wiltie Austin

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Field Performance of Heat Pump Water Heaters in the Northeast, Massachusetts and Rhode Island (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Heat pump water heaters (HPWHs) are finally entering the mainstream residential water heater market. Potential catalysts are increased consumer demand for higher energy efficiency electric water heating and a new Federal water heating standard that effectively mandates use of HPWHs for electric storage water heaters with nominal capacities greater than 55 gallons. When compared to electric resistance water heating, the energy and cost savings potential of HPWHs is tremendous. Converting all electric resistance water heaters to HPWHs could save American consumers 7.8 billion dollars annually ($182 per household) in water heating operating costs and cut annual residential source energy consumption for water heating by 0.70 quads. Steven Winter Associates, Inc. embarked on one of the first in situ studies of these newly released HPWH products through a partnership with two sponsoring electric utility companies, National Grid and NSTAR, and one sponsoring energy efficiency service program administrator, Cape Light Compact. Recent laboratory studies have measured performance of HPWHs under various operating conditions, but publicly available field studies have not been as available. This evaluation attempts to provide publicly available field data on new HPWHs by monitoring the performance of three recently released products (General Electric GeoSpring, A.O. Smith Voltex, and Stiebel Eltron Accelera 300). Fourteen HPWHs were installed in Massachusetts and Rhode Island and monitored for over a year. Of the 14 units, ten were General Electric models (50 gallon units), two were Stiebel Eltron models (80 gallon units), and two were A.O. Smith models (one 60-gallon and one 80-gallon unit).

Not Available

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Fabrication and transport characterization of a primary thermometer formed by Coulomb islands in a suspended silicon nanowire  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fabrication and transport characterization of a primary thermometer formed by Coulomb islands be obtained by thermally isolating the thermometer from the supporting substrate. This can be achieved either be utilized as a primary thermometer of unprec- edented sensitivity. Although the best system to study CB

Ludwig-Maximilians-Universit盲t, M眉nchen

295

Factors affecting phytoplankton distribution and production in the Elephant Island area, Antarctica  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the austral summer of four years, 1990 to 1993, studies on phytoplankton were performed in the Elephant Island area as one component of the US Antarctica Marine Living Resources program. In addition to continuous measurements (temperature, salinity, chlorophyll-a, beam attenuation) made on ship's intake water, a profiling CTD-rosette unit was used to obtain water column characteristics (temperature, salinity, chlorophyll-a, attenuation of solar radiation, beam attenuation) from the surface to 750m depth and also water samples from at least 10 depths for chemical and biological analyses. The sampling grid consisted of an average of 70 stations, all of which were occupied two times each year. The Elephant Island area is a transition zone between the rich coastal areas, where phytoplankton can develop dense blooms, and pelagic waters where the phytoplankton biomass is in general very low. A frontal zone was usually found to the north of Elephant Island and over the continental slope, and high phytoplankton biomass was in general associated with this frontal region. Although the location of this frontal system showed seasonal movement in a north-south direction, it seems to be a consistent feature from year to year. There seems to be considerable year-to-year variability in physical (water temperatures and salinity) and phytoplankton characteristics within the study area, in regard to both distributional patterns in surface waters and to profile characteristics in the upper 100m of the water column. With shallow upper mixed layer depths of less than 50 m, phytoplankton can attain relatively high concentrations. Optimum light conditions for growth occurred when the mixed layer was less than 55% of the euphotic zone. As the area around Elephant Island is characterized by relatively strong and frequent winds, the depth of the upper mixed layer at many stations approached the depth of the euphotic zone, with the result that growth of phytoplankton was light limited.

Helbling, E.W.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Cultural contributions to the island of St. John, United States Virgin Islands: underwater historical archaeology at Cruz Bay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the seventeenth century, the French, English and Dutch contested the Virgin Islands, realizing their strategic and commercial importance, and Denmark attempted to settle St. Thomas in 1672. The first permanent Danish colony was established in 1717 at Coral Bay...

Marquez, Carmen M

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Amphibians and Reptiles, Luzon Island, Aurora Province and Aurora Memorial National Park, Northern Philippines: New island distribution records  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report 35 new amphibian and reptile distribution records for two regions within the southern Sierra Madre Mountain Range, Aurora Province, central Luzon Island, Philippines. Together with results of our previous survey work in Aurora, our new...

Brown, Rafe M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Stability evaluation of the Markel Mine at Weeks Island, Louisiana  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A three dimensional (3D) finite element analysis of the Markel Mine located on Weeks Island was performed to: (1) evaluate the stability of the mine and (2) determine the effect of mine failure on the nearby Morton Salt mine and SPR facilities. The first part of the stability evaluation investigates the effect of pillar failure on mine stability. These simulations revealed that tensile stresses and dilatant damage develop in the overlying salt as a result of pillar loss. These tensile stresses extend to the salt/overburden interface only for the case where all 45 of the pillars are assumed to fail. Tensile stresses would likely cause microfracturing of the salt, resulting in a flow path for groundwater from the overlying aquifer to enter the mine. The dilatant damage bridges between the mine and the overburden in the case where 15 or more pillars are removed from the model. Dilatant damage is attributed to microfracturing or changes in the pore structure of the salt and could also result in a flow path for groundwater to enter the mine. The second part of the Markel Mine evaluation investigates the stability of the pillars with respect to three failure mechanisms: tensile failure, compressive failure, and creep rupture. A 3D slabbing pillar model of the Markel mine was developed to investigate progressive failure of the pillars and the effect of slabbing on mine stability. Based on a strain-limiting creep rupture criterion, pillar failure is predicted to be extensive at present. The associated loss of pillar strength should be equivalent to removing all pillars from the model as was done in the first part of this stability analysis, resulting in the possibility of ground water intrusion. Since creep rupture is not a well understood phenomenon, further development and validation of this criterion is recommended.

Hoffman, E.L.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

ARM - PI Product - Nauru Island Effect Detection Data Set  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUC : XDCResearchWarmingMethaneProductsCSSEFProductsMerged and

300

HEALTH EFFECTS OF THE NUCLEAR ACCIDENT AT THREE MILE ISLAND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

than 10 miles from the nuclear plant at any time during thewithin 10 miles of the nuclear plant is about 51 of thewithin 50 miles of the nuclear plant is less than 1% of the

Fabrikant, J.I.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Textural criteria for the discrimination of water-laid and wind-laid barrier island sands: a North Padre Island, Texas example  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Laid Barrier Island Sands: A North Padre Island, Texas Example (August 1985) David Cunningham, B. S. ; The University of Texas at Austin Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. James M. Mazzullo The grain size and grain shape characteristics of 63, 200 quartz... sand grains were analyzed from 158 samples systematically collected along three transects across North Padre Island. Sampled subenviron- ments included the forebeach, backbeach, foredune ridge, eolian flat, back-island dunes, and wind-tidal flats...

Cunningham, David

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Experimental study of the effect of external pressure on particle bed effective thermal properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accurate prediction of the thermomechanical responses of particle beds in fusion blankets depends strongly on the availability of experimental data on their thermal properties as a function of the blanket operating conditions. Experiments are conducted to measure the effective thermal conductivity and interface conductance of single-size aluminum, beryllium, and lithium zirconate particle beds as a function of applied external load in the 0- to 1.6-MPa range, with both helium and air as cover gas over a pressure range of 30 to 760 Torr. In both the aluminum and beryllium beds, as the applied load is increased to 1.5 MPa, the effective thermal conductivity increases by a factor of nearly 3 to 7 in an air cover gas and by a factor of nearly 2 to 3 in helium. With 1.2-mm lithium zirconate particles and air or helium as the cover gas, changes in the bed thermal conductivity when the applied load is varied in the 0 to 1.6-MPa range are small and within the experimental error. The increase in the interface conductance values with applied external load shows variations similar to those of the thermal conductivity. Based on the Hertz elastic equation and finite element models, the particle-to-particle contact areas as a function of the applied external load are evaluated and used in a predictive model by Bauer, Schlunder, and Zehner to calculate the effective thermal conductivity of a beryllium particle bed as a function of external pressure. Results are in agreement with predictions. 19 refs., 17 figs., 3 tabs.

Tehranian, F.; Abdou, M.A. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Islands  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAXBalanced ScorecardReactor TechnologyOFFICE: NEPAOREMORPSDisabilitiesand

304

Geology and geochemistry of the Geyser Bight Geothermal Area, Umnak Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Geyser Bight geothermal area is located on Umnak Island in the central Aleutian Islands. It contains one of the hottest and most extensive areas of thermal springs and fumaroles in Alaska, and is only documented site in Alaska with geysers. The zone of hot springs and fumaroles lies at the head of Geyser Creek, 5 km up a broad, flat, alluvial valley from Geyser Bight. At present central Umnak is remote and undeveloped. This report describes results of a combined program of geologic mapping, K-Ar dating, detailed description of hot springs, petrology and geochemistry of volcanic and plutonic rock units, and chemistry of geothermal fluids. Our mapping documents the presence of plutonic rock much closer to the area of hotsprings and fumaroles than previously known, thus increasing the probability that plutonic rock may host the geothermal system. K-Ar dating of 23 samples provides a time framework for the eruptive history of volcanic rocks as well as a plutonic cooling age.

Nye, C.J. (Alaska Univ., Fairbanks, AK (USA). Geophysical Inst. Alaska Dept. of Natural Resources, Fairbanks, AK (USA). Div. of Geological and Geophysical Surveys); Motyka, R.J. (Alaska Dept. of Natural Resources, Juneau, AK (USA). Div. of Geological and Geophysical Surveys); Turner, D.L. (Alaska Univ., Fairbanks, AK (USA). Geophysical Inst.); Liss, S.A. (Alaska Dept. of Natural Resources, Fairba

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Model studies to investigate the effects of fixed streamlines on water flooding performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MODEL STUDIES TO INVESTIGATE THE EFFECTS OF FIXED STREAMLINES ON WATER FLOODING PERFORMANCE A Thesis by Axel Venton Green Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ASrM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

Green, Axel Venton

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

The effects of hyperventilation on peripheral blood flow: a study of cardiopulmonary interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

skeletal muscle and diaphragm activity may occur. Therefore, this reflex may have important consequences in an increased ventilatory state. It is the purpose of this study to examine the effects of hyperventilation on peripheral blood flow. Levels...

Loy, Robin Ann

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

A Method to Study the Effect of Renewable Resource Variability on Power System Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A Method to Study the Effect of Renewable Resource Variability on Power System Dynamics Yu reliance on renewable resources, such as wind or solar. It is well known that the integration proposes a set-theoretic method to assess the effect of variability associated with renewable-based elec

Liberzon, Daniel

308

STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF HYDROTHERMAL PROCESS CONDITIONS ON PASTA QUALITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF HYDROTHERMAL PROCESS CONDITIONS ON PASTA QUALITY Authors: Z. Maache Science 41, 3 (2005) 267-275" DOI : 10.1016/j.jcs.2004.10.008 #12;Abstract. Effect of hydrothermal. The Instantaneous Controlled Pressure Drop (DIC) treatment is defined as a hydrothermal treatment that involves

Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

309

Numerical study of the effect of polyurea on the performance of steel plates under blast loads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical study of the effect of polyurea on the performance of steel plates under blast loads to blast-like loads. Different thicknesses of the polyurea are considered and the effect of polyurea history: Received 28 February 2013 Available online 13 May 2013 Keywords: Polyurea DH-36 steel Blast

Nemat-Nasser, Sia

310

Roberts Creek Study Forest: the effects of shelterwood harvesting and blowdown  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is sediment produc- tion in domestic water supply creeks. The effects of timber harvesting on sedimentRoberts Creek Study Forest: the effects of shelterwood harvesting and blowdown on sediment production in a small zero-order creek by Robert O. Hudson and Brian D'Anjou KEYWORDS: Shelterwood harvest

311

Study of the effect of rate of sediment transport on the stability of open channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF RATE OF SEDIMENT TRANSPORT ON THE STABILITY OF OPEN CHANNELS A Thesis By KHANDAKER MOHAMMAD ABDUR RAHMAN Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1963 Major Subject: Civil Engineering STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF RATE Of SEDIMENT TRANSPORT ON THE STABILITY Of OPEN CHANNELS A Thesis By KHANDAKER MOHAMMAD ABDUR RAHMAN Approved as to style...

Rahman, Khandaker Mohammad Abdur

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

A study on the effects of parasitic packaging on diode digital phase shifters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF PARASITIC PACKAGING ON DIODE DIGITAL PHASE SHIFTERS A Thesis bv JERRY SWIE THANG BONG Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree oi MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 198i Major Subject: Electrical Engineering A STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF PARASITIC PACKAGING ON DIODE DIGITAL PHASE SHIFTERS A Thesis by JERRY STEVIE THANG BONG Approved as to style snd content by: Kai Chang (Co-Chairman of Committee...

Bong, Jerry Swie Thang

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

313

Hyperuricemia in the inhabitants of the Marshall Islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Annual medical examinations are conducted by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) for a population of Marshallese who were accidentally exposed to radioactive fallout in 1954, for a comparison population, and for all inhabitants of the atolls of Rongelap and Utirik. Disease surveillance includes analysis of serum samples. Elevated serum uric acid (SUA) levels are common along Pacific populations, and modifying environmental factors have been investigated as a cause for this finding. The authors have studied SUA levels of people living in the Marshall Islands, and have found elevated values similar to those reported for other Micronesian populations. The nearly Gaussian distribution of individual serum uric acid values for men, and for women less than or equal to45 years of age, indicates that the elevation is due to a regularized increase in serum uric acid rather than to a subpopulation that has pathologic hyperuricemia. The higher serum uric acid levels appear, therefore, to be normal for the Marshallese, a conclusion supported by the infrequency of clinical gout in the population tested.

Adams, W.H.; Harper, J.A.; Heotis, P.M.; Jamner, A.H.

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

An Experimental Study of Film Cooling Effectiveness by Using PIV and PSP Techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Experimental Study of Film Cooling Effectiveness by Using PIV and PSP Techniques Blake Johnson1 temperatures is necessary, typically through the implementation of film-cooling techniques. Optimization cooling has been studied widely through use of a number of experimental techniques, including infrared (IR

Hu, Hui

315

An early Miocene age for a high-temperature event in gneisses from Zabargad Island (Red Sea, Egypt): mantle diapirism?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An early Miocene age for a high-temperature event in gneisses from Zabargad Island (Red Sea, Egypt outcropping on Zabargad Island (Red Sea, Egypt). This island, though of limited size (& 4 km2 ), has an almost

Demouchy, Sylvie

316

ISLAND OF THE HIGH YIELDS OF 252Cf(sf) COLLINEAR TRIPARTITION IN THE FRAGMENT MASS SPACE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. Results of three independent experiments aimed at searching for collinear cluster tripartition (CCT) of the 252Cf (sf) are reported. They confirm previously proposed kinematical scheme let to distinguish two CCT partners flying almost in the same direction. A new island of the CCT manifestation in the mass-mass distribution of the decay fragments was revealed. A total yield of the CCT originated events in the island is not less 4*10-3 per binary fission. Presumably, the ternary decay of nuclear molecules based on heavy magic clusters such as isotopes of Ni, Ge, Sn, Te gives rise to the effect observed. Key words: clustering, multibody decays, shell effects, fission 1.

Yu. V. Pyatkov; D. V. Kamanin; W. H. Trzaska; W. Von Oertzen; Yu. E. Peinionzhkevich

317

Remedial Action Work Plan Amchitka Island Mud Pit Closures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This remedial action work plan presents the project organization and construction procedures developed for the performance of the remedial actions at U.S. Department of Energy (DOE's) sites on Amchitka Island, Alaska. During the late1960s and early 1970s, the U.S. Department of Defense and the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (the predecessor agency to DOE) used Amchitka Island as a site for underground nuclear tests. A total of nine sites on the Island were considered for nuclear testing; however, tests were only conducted at three sites (i.e., Long Shot in 1965, Milrow in 1969, and Cannikin in 1971). In addition to these three sites, large diameter emplacement holes were drilled in two other locations (Sites D and F) and an exploratory hole was in a third location (Site E). It was estimated that approximately 195 acres were disturbed by drilling or preparation for drilling in conjunction with these activities. The disturbed areas include access roads, spoil-disposal areas, mud pits which have impacted the environment, and an underground storage tank at the hot mix plant which was used to support asphalt-paving operations on the island. The remedial action objective for Amchitka Island is to eliminate human and ecological exposure to contaminants by capping drilling mud pits, removing the tank contents, and closing the tank in place. The remedial actions will meet State of Alaska regulations, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service refuge management goals, address stakeholder concerns, and address the cultural beliefs and practices of the native people. The U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office will conduct work on Amchitka Island under the authority of the Comprehensive Emergency Response, Compensation, and Liability Act. Field activities are scheduled to take place May through September 2001. The results of these activities will be presented in a subsequent Closure Report.

DOE/NV

2001-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

318

Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS) Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project Dennis Woodford Electranix Corporation Winnipeg, Manitoba...

319

Prospects of employing superconducting stripline resonators for studying the dynamical Casimir effect experimentally  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the prospects of employing an NbN superconducting microwave stripline resonator for studying the dynamical Casimir effect experimentally. Preliminary experimental results, in which optical illumination is employed for modulating the resonance frequencies of the resonator, show that such a system is highly promising for this purpose. Moreover, we discuss the undesirable effect of heating which results from the optical illumination, and show that degradation in noise properties can be minimized by employing an appropriate design.

Eran Arbel-Segev; Baleegh Abdo; Oleg Shtempluck; Eyal Buks; Bernard Yurke

2006-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

320

Non-transposed, three phase transmission lines: a study of their effect on load voltages.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRANSMISSION LINES A S'PJDY OF THEIR EFFECT ON LOAD VOLTAGES A Thesis By Robert Dean Chenoweth August 1951 NON-TRANSPOSED~ THREE PHASE TRANSMISSION LINES A STUDY OF THEIR EFFECT ON LOAD VOLTAGES A Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of the Agricultural... all large blocks of alternating current power are transmitted from the generating station to the load by means of three phase transmission lines. With present day equipment this method is economical and when ~ properly designed gives very...

Chenoweth, Robert Dean

1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

E-Print Network 3.0 - aleutian islands alaska Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands skates Olav Ormseth, Beth Matta, and Jerry Hoff Summary: 18a. Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands skates Olav Ormseth, Beth Matta, and Jerry Hoff NMFS...

322

E-Print Network 3.0 - asian pacific islanders Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Asian or Pacific Islander, you need to select a new category If you are a nonresident alien... or Other Pacific Islander (A person having origins in any of the original peoples...

323

Two-fluid magnetic island dynamics in slab geometry Richard Fitzpatrick  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Moreover, the island propaga- tion velocity is uniquely specified by the condition that there be zero net determination of the island propagation velocity, and the calculation of the ion and electron fluid flow

Fitzpatrick, Richard

324

E-Print Network 3.0 - area north island Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Madison Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology ; Biology and Medicine 56 Island wakes in the Southern California Bight R. M. A. Caldeira,1,2 Summary: north of the island...

325

Working Groups Collaborate on U.S. Virgin Islands Clean Energy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Working Groups Collaborate on U.S. Virgin Islands Clean Energy Vision and Road Map Working Groups Collaborate on U.S. Virgin Islands Clean Energy Vision and Road Map A diverse set...

326

E-Print Network 3.0 - ammassalik island se Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

To assess the likely extent of Delta island... and repair decisions for 34 major subsided agricultural islands that make up most of the Delta's Primary Zone... and include all...

327

Modeling Microgrid Islanding Problems as DCOPs Saurabh Gupta, William Yeoh, Enrico Pontelli  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, we formulate the microgrid islanding problem as distributed constraint optimization problem (DCOP. Index Terms--Microgrid, Islanding, Distributed Constraint Optimization. I. INTRODUCTION Every year residential and commercial facilities with controllable loads and distributed generation sources; loads

Yeoh, William

328

E-Print Network 3.0 - amsterdam island southeastern Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

on Amsterdam Island 189 iv 12;Rapporteurs' Reports Trillmich... Shelf near Kodiak Island, Alaska, by Arthur W. Kendall, Jr., and Jean R. Dunn. January 1985, 89 p. 21... of...

329

Long Island Smart Metering Pilot Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) Smart Meter Pilots provided invaluable information and experience for future deployments of Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI), including the deployment planned as part of LIPA??s Smart Grid Demonstration Project (DE-OE0000220). LIPA will incorporate lessons learned from this pilot in future deployments, including lessons relating to equipment performance specifications and testing, as well as equipment deployment and tracking issues. LIPA ultimately deployed three AMI technologies instead of the two that were originally contemplated. This enabled LIPA to evaluate multiple systems in field conditions with a relatively small number of meter installations. LIPA experienced a number of equipment and software issues that it did not anticipate, including issues relating to equipment integration, ability to upgrade firmware and software ??over the air? (as opposed to physically interacting with every meter), and logistical challenges associated with tracking inventory and upgrade status of deployed meters. In addition to evaluating the technology, LIPA also piloted new Time-of-Use (TOU) rates to assess customer acceptance of time-differentiated pricing and to evaluate whether customers would respond by adjusting their activities from peak to non-peak periods. LIPA developed a marketing program to educate customers who received AMI in the pilot areas and to seek voluntary participation in TOU pricing. LIPA also guaranteed participating customers that, for their initial year on the rates, their electricity costs under the TOU rate would not exceed the amount they would have paid under the flat rates they would otherwise enjoy. 62 residential customers chose to participate in the TOU rates, and every one of them saved money during the first year. 61 of them also elected to stay on the TOU rate ?? without the cost guarantee ?? at the end of that year. The customer who chose not to continue on the rate was also the one who achieved the greatest savings. However, after the first year, the customer in question installed equipment that would have made TOU rates a more costly option than the residential flat rate. During the second year, all but one customer saved money. That customer increased usage during peak hours, and as a result saw an increase in annual costs (as compared to the flat rate) of $24.17. The results were less clear for commercial customers, which LIPA attributes to rate design issues that it will take into account for future deployments. LIPA views this pilot as a complete success. Not only is LIPA better prepared for a larger deployment of AMI, but it is confident that residential customers will accept AMI and TOU rates and shift their energy consumption from peak to non-peak periods in response to pricing. On a larger scale, this will benefit LIPA and all of its customers by potentially lowering peak demand when energy costs are highest.

None

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

330

Tourists: their expectations, motivations, and behavior at South Padre Island, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of South Padre Island and City of Port Isabel 36 7 Estimated Actual Value of Taxable Property: Town of South Padre Island 37 8 Statement of Construction Value and Bank Deposits: Town of South Padre Island... degrees F and the winter averages 65 degrees F. Such warm temperatures allow an extremely long growing season of 336 days (Port Isabel ? South Padre Island Chamber of Commerce, 1982). Only 26 inches ot preciptation falls annually, mostly during...

Myers, Steven John

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Independent Verification Survey Report for the Long Island Solar Farm, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

5119-SR-01-0 INDEPENDENT VERIFICATION SURVEY REPORT FOR THE LONG ISLAND SOLAR FARM, BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY

E.M. Harpenau

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

332

Biological control of Chromolaena odorata in the American Pacific Micronesian Islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) and in the Majuro (2001) and Bikini (2005) in the Marshalls islands. In 1983, it became a dominant weed along

Reddy, Gadi VP

333

Depositional environment of Upper Cretaceous deep Tuscaloosa Sandstones, Profit Island field, east Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in thickness from 12 ft to 17 ft (4 m to 5 m). Finally, thin-bedded, distinctly parallel-laminated and ripple-laminated sandstones represent overbank deposits which range in thickness from 4 ft to 9 ft (1 m to 3 m) ~ Black marine shales with thinly... Island field is in the lower Tuscaloosa sandstones. The exact age of the Tuscaloosa has recently been the subj ect of many stratigraphic studies. It has generally been assumed that the 11 deep Tuscaloosa of Louisiana and the Woodbine of East Texas...

Roth, Susan Viola

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Model Order Reductions for Stability Analysis of Islanded Microgrids with Droop Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Model Order Reductions for Stability Analysis of Islanded Microgrids with Droop Control V, IEEE Abstract--Three-phase inverters subject to droop control are widely used in islanded microgrids. In this paper, a mathematical model for islanded microgrids with linear loads and inverters under frequency

Vasquez, Juan Carlos

335

Hard-and software implementation and verification of an Islanded House  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Islanded House. Simulations showed that the discomfort can be decreased when also a battery is addedHard- and software implementation and verification of an Islanded House prototype Albert Molderink conclude that it is possible to create an Islanded House and to decrease the discomfort significantly

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

336

Supersonic drift-tearing magnetic islands in tokamak plasmas R. Fitzpatrick, and F.L. Waelbroeck  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the plasma. Since the waves carry momentum, the inner region exerts a net force on the outer region, and vice the radial direc- tion) helical magnetic islands.3 Such islands degrade plasma confinement because heat weak coupling to drift-acoustic waves.1316 On the other hand, supersonic island solutions

Fitzpatrick, Richard

337

TIMES model for the Reunion Island: addressing reliability of electricity supply  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the Reunion Island was highly dependent on fossil fuel imports (86.5%). This paper focuses on the target of small islands, the Reunion Island was highly dependent on fossil fuel imports (86.5%). This paper designs and appropriate levels of incentives and subsidies are already difficult issues to deal

Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

338

Charge transport through a SET with a mechanically oscillating island N. M. Chtchelkatchev,1, 2, 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the deviation of the island from its equilibrium position. (b) Equivalent circuit of the device on the mechanical displacement, thus, the vibrations of the island may influence the transport properties. Harmonic oscillations of the island and thermal vibrations change the transport characteristics in different ways

Bruder, Christoph

339

Droop Control for Islanded Microgrids Hemanshu R Pota  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Droop Control for Islanded Microgrids Hemanshu R Pota School of Engineering & IT, UNSW microgrid. As the load within the microgrid changes, the inverter-sourced generators will share this change. For a microgrid modelled as a collection of ideal voltage sources only the controller and sensor dynamics interact

Pota, Himanshu Roy

340

Gilbert M. Smith, master boatbuilder of Long Island, New York  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The second half of the 19th century in maritime America was an era marked by a rich variety of vernacular watercraft types adapted to a wide range of local needs and traditions. The Great South Bay, located off Long Island, New York, was home...

Merwin, Daria Elizabeth

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Air Quality and Emissions Impacts of Heat Island Mitigation Strategies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air Quality and Emissions Impacts of Heat Island Mitigation Strategies ENVIRONMENTAL AREA RESEARCH the temperature of the ground surface and the ambient air. This situation creates areas called urban heat summertime temperatures reduces electricity demand for air conditioning, which lowers air pollution levels

342

Modeling of magnetic island formation in magnetic reconnection experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In the cohelicity injection with a mean toroidal field, the growing process of the island into a spheromak coalescence of spheromaks,5 where two types of operation mode have been pursued. One is a cohelicity merging using two identical spheromaks. The another one is a counterhelicity merging where toroidal fields

Ji, Hantao

343

renewable energy from waste 1730 RHODE ISLAND AVENUE, NW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

renewable energy from waste 1730 RHODE ISLAND AVENUE, NW SUITE 700 WASHINGTON, DC 20036 WWW Energy and Security Act of 2009 that was released as a discussion draft on March 31. While waste-to-energy gas reductions and renewable energy provided by waste-to-energy and if it implemented policies

Columbia University

344

University of Rhode Island inAdvance March 29, 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Rhode Island inAdvance March 29, 2007 Volume 4, Issue 7 Is today your lucky day? If you renew your membership in (or join) the URI Alumni Association before April 6, your name: Two season tickets for the 2007-2008 URI Men's Basketball home games; two season tickets for the 2007

Rhode Island, University of

345

University of Rhode Island inAdvance March 31, 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. To protect your privacy, log in is required. Thank you for taking the time to vote! Please URI first public family to their newly built home The URI College of Human Science and Services and South County HabitatUniversity of Rhode Island inAdvance March 31, 2005 Volume 2, Issue 7 There's no place like home

Rhode Island, University of

346

Sustainable Development and Kish Island Environment Protection, using Wind Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract桲ish Islands in South of Iran is located in coastal water near Hormozgan Province. Based on the wind 3-hour statistics in Kish station, the mean annual windspeed in this Island is 8.6 knot (4.3 m/s). The maximum windspeed recorded in this stations 47 knot (23.5 m/s). In 45.7 percent of recorded times, windspeed has been Zero or less than 8 knot which is not suitable to use the wind energy. But in 54.3 percent of recorded times, windspeed has been more than 8 knot and suitable to use wind energy to run turbines. In 40.2 percent of recorded times, windspeed has been between 8 to 16 knot, in 13 percent of times between 16 to 24 knot and in 1 percent of times it has been higher than 24 knot. In this station, the direction of winds higher than 8 is west and wind direction in Kish station is stable in most times of the year.With regard to high speed and stable direction winds during the year and also shallow coasts near this is land, it is possible to build offshore wind farms near Kish Island and utilize wind energy produce the electricity required in this Island during most of the year.

Amir Gandomkar

347

Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be a concern, though recently, major improvements have been made in the wastewater collection and treatment of the utility of an irrigation strategy, modeling of a possible impact of climate change, quantification of water for the islands' limited public water distribution systems. Wastewater disposal continues

348

For Immediate Release Contact: Islamorada, Village of Islands Anita Muxo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-664-6426 anita.muxo@islamorada.fl.us RELEASE ISLAMORADA, VILLAGE OF ISLANDS SEWER CONNECTION SUBSIDY PROGRAM-restricted affordable housing with the costs of connecting to the Village's wastewater collection system. Through to the Village wastewater collection system but have not yet connected to the system. The Sewer Connection

Florida, University of

349

THE RETICULATING PHYLOGENY OF ISLAND BIOGEOGRAPHY Mark V. Lomolino  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE RETICULATING PHYLOGENY OF ISLAND BIOGEOGRAPHY THEORY Mark V. Lomolino Department in the geographic variation of life, from the spatial variation in genetic and physiological characteristics and paradigms, but rather in fits and starts through a reticulating phylogeny of ideas and alternating periods

Brown, James H.

350

Northern Marshall Islands radiological survey: sampling and analysis summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A radiological survey was conducted in the Northern Marshall Islands to document reamining external gamma exposures from nuclear tests conducted at Enewetak and Bikini Atolls. An additional program was later included to obtain terrestrial and marine samples for radiological dose assessment for current or potential atoll inhabitants. This report is the first of a series summarizing the results from the terrestrial and marine surveys. The sample collection and processing procedures and the general survey methodology are discussed; a summary of the collected samples and radionuclide analyses is presented. Over 5400 samples were collected from the 12 atolls and 2 islands and prepared for analysis including 3093 soil, 961 vegetation, 153 animal, 965 fish composite samples (average of 30 fish per sample), 101 clam, 50 lagoon water, 15 cistern water, 17 groundwater, and 85 lagoon sediment samples. A complete breakdown by sample type, atoll, and island is given here. The total number of analyses by radionuclide are 8840 for /sup 241/Am, 6569 for /sup 137/Cs, 4535 for /sup 239 +240/Pu, 4431 for /sup 90/Sr, 1146 for /sup 238/Pu, 269 for /sup 241/Pu, and 114 each for /sup 239/Pu and /sup 240/Pu. A complete breakdown by sample category, atoll or island, and radionuclide is also included.

Robison, W.L.; Conrado, C.L.; Eagle, R.J.; Stuart, M.L.

1981-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

351

Analytical and Numerical Study of Joule Heating Effects on Electrokinetically Pumped Continuous Flow PCR Chips  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analytical and Numerical Study of Joule Heating Effects on Electrokinetically Pumped Continuous, and the potential for integration.1-3 Joule heating is inevitable when electrokinetic pumping is used Form: December 8, 2007 Joule heating is an inevitable phenomenon for microfluidic chips involving

Le Roy, Robert J.

352

LBNL-52872/CBP Note 516 A Preliminary Comparative Study of the Electron-Cloud Effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-52872/CBP Note 516 A Preliminary Comparative Study of the Electron-Cloud Effect for the PSR, ISIS, and the ESS M. A. Furman , LBNL, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA and M. T. F. Pivi , SLAC, Menlo Park, CA] obtained with the EC code POSINST [8, 9] that has been developed initially at LBNL, and lately

Furman, Miguel

353

A COMPREHENSIVE COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE PREDOSE EFFECT FOR THREE QUARTZ CRYSTALS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGIN George Kitis1 , Vasilis Pagonis2,? , Reuven Chen3 and George Polymeris1 1 Nuclear Physics dosimetry. A comprehensive comparative study of the predose effect was carried out for three types of quartz and irradiation treatments is of fundamental importance in dating and retrospective dosimetry applications

Chen, Reuven

354

Effects of Usage based Feedback on Video Retrieval: a Simulation based Study1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of Usage based Feedback on Video Retrieval: a Simulation based Study1 DAVID VALLET ________________________________________________________________________ We present a model for exploiting community based usage information for video retrieval, where implicit usage information from past users is exploited in order to provide enhanced assistance in video

355

Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies 1 EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT VEGETATION COVER TYPES ON SEDIMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies 1 EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT VEGETATION COVER TYPES ON SEDIMENT by trapping sediment during tidal exchange. They are considered good sediment retention environments, but little is known about the spatial variability of sedimentation within these wetlands, and the role

Lovett, Gary M.

356

A Theoretical Study on the Effects of Thermal Stratification on the Operating Range of HCCI Engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Theoretical Study on the Effects of Thermal Stratification on the Operating Range of HCCI Engines 48109 Abstract The characteristics of auto-ignition in HCCI engines in the presence of charge and composition distributions on HCCI combustion. 1 Introduction Homogeneouscharge compression ignition (HCCI

Im, Hong G.

357

Numerical study of compressibility effects on the reversed shear Alfv閚 eigenmode in tokamak plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Compressibility effects on the reversed shear Alfv閚 eigenmode in tokamak plasma are studied numerically. It is shown that compressibility is favorable for the existence of the reversed shear Alfv閚 eigenmode even without the pressure gradient, and the frequency of the reversed shear Alfv閚 eigenmode is modified by the geodesic frequency, which is consistent with an analytical theory.

Yu, Limin; Zhang, Xianmei [Department of Physics, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237 (China)] [Department of Physics, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237 (China); Sheng, Zheng-Mao [Department of Physics, Institute for Fusion Theory and Simulation, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)] [Department of Physics, Institute for Fusion Theory and Simulation, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

358

The effect of ankle foot orthosis stiffness on the energy cost of walking: A simulation study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of ankle foot orthosis stiffness on the energy cost of walking: A simulation study D sclerosis patients, gait is frequently hampered by a reduced ability to push-off with the ankle caused by weakness of the plantar-flexor muscles. To enhance ankle push-off and to decrease the high energy cost

Collins, Steven H.

359

Control System Design for Effective Energy Utilization...A Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Output and Heat Loss methods of determining boiler efficiency, in accordance with ANSI & ASME PTC4.1, are explained. A comparison of the methods, including a sensitivity analysis, shows the effects of measurement inaccuracies on each. Each boiler is studied...

Dziubakowski, D. J.; Keyes, M. A., IV

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Along-Wind Load Effects on Tall Buildings: Comparative Study of Major International Codes and Standards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

buildings utilizing major international codes and standards: ASCE 7-98 ASCE 1999 , AS1170.2-89 AustralianAlong-Wind Load Effects on Tall Buildings: Comparative Study of Major International Codes and Standards Yin Zhou1 ; Tracy Kijewski, S.M.ASCE2 ; and Ahsan Kareem, M.ASCE3 Abstract: Most international

Kareem, Ahsan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

STUDY OF CLOUD LIFETIME EFFECTS USING THE SGP HETEROGENEOUS DISTRIBUTED RADAR NETWORK: PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDY OF CLOUD LIFETIME EFFECTS USING THE SGP HETEROGENEOUS DISTRIBUTED RADAR NETWORK: PRELIMINARY-dimensional morphology and life cycle of clouds. Detailing key cloud processes as they transit from the formation stage to precipitation onset and cloud dissipation is critical towards establishing uncertainties in climate models

362

STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF ABSORBER ETCHING ON THE BACK CONTACT PERFORMANCE OF CDTE SOLAR CELLS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF ABSORBER ETCHING ON THE BACK CONTACT PERFORMANCE OF CDTE SOLAR CELLS Ivan that has shown a remarkable market success in thin film solar cells. It is well known that deposition and defects are addressed. 2 EXPERIMENTAL CdTe solar cells, in our laboratory, are usually prepared as follows

Romeo, Alessandro

363

Computer simulation study of liquid CH2F2 with a new effective pair potential model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to reproduce the thermodynamic internal energy, density, heat capacity, vapor-liquid equilibrium and structuralComputer simulation study of liquid CH2F2 with a new effective pair potential model Pa potential model is proposed for computer simulations of liquid methylene fluoride and used in Monte Carlo

Mezei, Mihaly

364

A Study of Stemming Effects on Information Retrieval in Bahasa Indonesia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Study of Stemming Effects on Information Retrieval in Bahasa Indonesia Fadillah Z Tala 0086975 The Netherlands #12;Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 A Purely Rule-based Stemmer for Bahasa Indonesia 3 2.1 Morphological Structure of Bahasa Indonesia Words . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.2 The Porter Stemming

Amsterdam, University of

365

Quantum confined Stark effect in Gaussian quantum wells: A tight-binding study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main characteristics of the quantum confined Stark effect (QCSE) are studied theoretically in quantum wells of Gaussian profile. The semi-empirical tight-binding model and the Green function formalism are applied in the numerical calculations. A comparison of the QCSE in quantum wells with different kinds of confining potential is presented.

Ram韗ez-Morales, A.; Mart韓ez-Orozco, J. C.; Rodr韌uez-Vargas, I. [Unidad Acad閙ica de F韘ica, Universidad Aut髇oma de Zacatecas, Calzada Solidaridad Esquina Con Paseo La Bufa S/N, 98060 Zacatecas, Zac. (Mexico)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

366

Power and Effective Study Size Based on Approximations to the Expected Likelihood Ratio  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power and Effective Study Size Based on Approximations to the Expected Likelihood Ratio Test statistical power and precision of heritability estimates can be difficult particularly in complex pedigrees. Previous work focused on the power to detect heritability by using the expectation of the likelihood ratio

Washington at Seattle, University of

367

Carbonaceous Aerosols and Radiative Effects Study (CARES), g1-aircraft, sedlacek sp2  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The primary objective of the Carbonaceous Aerosol and Radiative Effects Study (CARES) in 2010 was to investigate the evolution of carbonaceous aerosols of different types and their optical and hygroscopic properties in central California, with a focus on the Sacramento urban plume.

Sedlacek, Art

368

Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies 1 EFFECTS OF LITTER REMOVAL ON NITROGEN CYCLING IN A TIDAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WETLAND AFTER ERADICATION OF PHRAGMITES AUSTRALIS MIKAELA ROBERTSON Carleton College, Northfield, MN 55057 in these ecosystems. One increasingly common wetland macrophyte, Phragmites australis or the common reed, has been stands of Phragmites. In this study, we examined the effect of Phragmites australis litter on nitrogen

Lovett, Gary M.

369

Error and jitter effect studies on the SLED for BEPCII-linac  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RF pulse compressor is a device to convert a long RF pulse to a short one with much higher peak RF magnitude. SLED can be regarded as the earliest RF pulse compressor used in large scale linear accelerators. It is widely studied around the world and applied in the BEPC and BEPCII linac for many years. During the routine operation, the error and jitter effects will deteriorate the SLED performance either on the output electromagnetic wave amplitude or phase. The error effects mainly include the frequency drift induced by cooling water temperature variation and the frequency/Q0/{\\beta} unbalances between the two energy storage cavities caused by mechanical fabrication or microwave tuning. The jitter effects refer to the PSK switching phase and time jitters. In this paper, we re-derived the generalized formulae for the conventional SLED used in the BEPCII linac. At last, the error and jitter effects on the SLED performance are investigated.

Shi-Lun, Pei; Ou-Zheng, Xiao

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

A Self-regulated Learning Intervention for Developmental Mathematics Students at a Community College: Effects of Study Journals on Achievement and Study Habits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to evaluate the effects of self-regulated learning interventions for college students. The review revealed a shortage of rigorous achievement-based research in authentic settings. This study evaluated a study-journaling intervention for developmental...

Travis, Jennifer Lynn

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

371

Preliminary design of a landfill and revetment on Bikini Island, Republic of the Marshall Islands. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Topsoil on Bikini Island, located 2,500 miles southwest of Hawaii at 113 deg 35 min N, 165 deg 25 min E, was contaminated by radioactive fallout from nuclear weapons tests in the late 1940's and early 1950's. The uptake of this radioactive fallout, primarily cesium-137 in plants, has prevented resettlement of the island by the native population. One alternative solution proposed by the congressionally appointed Bikini Atoll Rehabilitation Committee involves removal of the contaminated topsoil and placement of the excavated material as a landfill on the 2,500-ft-wide reef flat adjacent to the eastern (windward) shore of the island. This paper explores that alternative by first developing an extremal wave climatology offshore of Bikini Island from 21 years (1959-1979) of typhoon data published by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center on Guam. Deepwater wave conditions just offshore of the reef are estimated and transformed to the point of breaking at the edge of the reef. Storm surge is estimated based on these same parameters. Wave setup on the reef flat is estimated based on the simulated breaking conditions. Given an estimate of the elevated water level across the reef caused by storm surge and wave setup, depth limitations and fractional decay are estimated to define wave conditions at the toe of the proposed revetment. A rubble-mound revetment design stable in these conditions, armored by coral limestone quarried from the reef flat, is then formulated and corresponding material quantities estimated.

Smith, O.P.; Chu, Y.H.

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Ocean Thermal Resources off the Hawaiian Islands luisvega@hawaii.edu Ocean Thermal Resources off the Hawaiian Islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

information to assist developers of ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) systems in site selection Energy Conversion The immense size of the ocean thermal resource and the baseload capability of OTECOcean Thermal Resources off the Hawaiian Islands luisvega@hawaii.edu 1 Ocean Thermal Resources off

373

Southern California Channel Islands Bibliography, through 1992  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for OTEC (ocean thermal energy conversion) current study.part of the Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) projectpipes for Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) plants. The

Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Experimental and theoretical studies of the effects of nonuniformities in equilibrium MHD generators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An experimental study of the effects of thermal and velocity nonuniformities is performed in an equilibrium plasma for a range of Hall parameters. An electrodeless MHD disk generator with radial flow is chosen as the ideal geometry for these experiments. By introducing equally spaced cold blades in the flow, it is possible to create well defined two-dimensional wake nonuniformities with strong variations of the plasma properties in the direction normal to the magnetic field and the flow. This type of nonuniformity is predicted to provide the strongest reduction of Hall coefficient and effective conductivity for high values of Hall parameter. This degradation is controlled by both the level of nonuniformities and the value of the ideal Hall parameter. The former is dependent upon the number of blades (root mean square deviation of the conductivity), and the latter is dependent upon the values of the magnetic field intensities. The results provide basic quantitative information about the effects of conductivity and velocity nonuniformities on the performance of equilibrium MHD generators over a wide range of Hall coefficients, between 2 and 7. Reduction formulae are established between the effective and ideal Hall parameters for different levels of nonuniformities intensities. Theoretical predictions are derived from a detailed two-dimensional electrodynamic analysis and a simplified engineering model based on a generalization of Rosa's layer model. These experiments validate the analytical studies and support the use of the theoretical layer models in describing the effect of boundary layers on the performance of linear generators.

Rosenbaum, M.; Shamma, S.E.; Louis, J.F.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

A study of the effects of radiation on the morphology, cytology and fertility of common dallisgrass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

studies of the cytological effects of neutrons and x-rays. Genetics 28:398-4i8. 4943. 8. Holt, E. C. Dallisgrass. Texas Agr. Ex. Sta. Bul. 829. f956. 9. Hayman, D. L. Cytological evidence for apomixis in Austral- ian Pas alum dilatatum. J. Austr. Inst.... At Agriculturae Scandinavica IV:3, 585-593. 1954. Knight, W. E. The mfluence of photoperiod and temperature on growth, flowering and seed production of dallisgrass, Pas alum dilatatum. Agron. J. 47:555-559. 1955. Konzak, C. E. Genetic effects of radiation...

Hoff, Bert John

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

A Locational Analysis of Generation Benefits on Long Island, NewYork  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Beginning in April of 2004, nine sites owned by Verizon began to participate in the Long Island Real Time Purchasing Pilot Project (LIRTP) as retail choice customers. LIRTP was designed to minimize electricity costs for retail customers who own on-site distributed generation (DG) units in the near-term, and to stabilize overall electricity costs in the long-term. The nine Verizon buildings have two types of DG units: gas turbines with an estimated generation cost of $156/MWh, and diesel units with an estimated cost of $120/MWh. Due to total site emission limits, the operable hours of the DG units are limited. To estimate the economic value of running on-site DG units, an analysis of the New York Independent System Operator (NYISO) Locational Based Marginal Price (LBMP) data for Long Island was conducted, mainly covering the summer months from 2000 to 2004. Distributions of LBMP, relationship between LBMP and load, and estimates of profitable operating hours for the units were all analyzed. Since Long Island is a diverse and highly congested area, LBMP varies greatly. Looking at the data statistically offers a zone-wide viewpoint, while using spatial analysis shows the LBMP intrazonal differentiation. LBMP is currently used by NYISO for pricing in the 11 NY control zones. Because geographic information systems (GIS) visualize the distribution of a phenomenon over space, it clarifies where load and generation nodes are located, and where load reduction would be most valuable. This study is based on the assumption that the control zone areas do not fully represent the diversity of pricing, and that intrazonal pricing can be analyzed to determine where and when electricity conservation or injection into the network is most valuable.

Wang, Juan; Cohen, Jesse; Edwards, Jennifer; Marnay, Chris

2005-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

377

Addressing trend-related changes within cumulative effects studies in water resources planning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Summarized herein are 28 case studies wherein trend-related causative physical, social, or institutional changes were connected to consequential changes in runoff, water quality, and riparian and aquatic ecological features. The reviewed cases were systematically evaluated relative to their identified environmental effects; usage of analytical frameworks, and appropriate models, methods, and technologies; and the attention given to mitigation and/or management of the resultant causative and consequential changes. These changes also represent important considerations in project design and operation, and in cumulative effects studies associated therewith. The cases were grouped into five categories: institutional changes associated with legislation and policies (seven cases); physical changes from land use changes in urbanizing watersheds (eight cases); physical changes from land use changes and development projects in watersheds (four cases); physical, institutional, and social changes from land use and related policy changes in river basins (three cases); and multiple changes within a comprehensive study of land use and policy changes in the Willamette River Basin in Oregon (six cases). A tabulation of 110 models, methods and technologies used in the studies is also presented. General observations from this review were that the features were unique for each case; the consequential changes were logically based on the causative changes; the analytical frameworks provided relevant structures for the studies, and the identified methods and technologies were pertinent for addressing both the causative and consequential changes. One key lesson was that the cases provide useful, 搑eal-world illustrations of the importance of addressing trend-related changes in cumulative effects studies within water resources planning. Accordingly, they could be used as an 搃nitial tool kit for addressing trend-related changes.

Canter, L.W., E-mail: envimptr@aol.com [University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma and President, Canter Associates, Inc., Horseshoe Bay, TX (United States); Chawla, M.K. [ERDC-CERL, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Champaign, IL (United States)] [ERDC-CERL, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Champaign, IL (United States); Swor, C.T. [Canter Associates, Inc., Frankewing, TN (United States)] [Canter Associates, Inc., Frankewing, TN (United States)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

Study of spin polarized nuclear matter and finite nuclei with finite range simple effective interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The properties of spin polarized pure neutron matter and symmetric nuclear matter are studied using the finite range simple effective interaction, upon its parametrization revisited. Out of the total twelve parameters involved, we now determine ten of them from nuclear matter, against the nine parameters in our earlier calculation, as required in order to have predictions in both spin polarized nuclear matter and finite nuclei in unique manner being free from uncertainty found using the earlier parametrization. The information on the effective mass splitting in polarized neutron matter of the microscopic calculations is used to constrain the one more parameter, that was earlier determined from finite nucleus, and in doing so the quality of the description of finite nuclei is not compromised. The interaction with the new set of parameters is used to study the possibilities of ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic transitions in completely polarized symmetric nuclear matter. Emphasis is given to analyze the resul...

Behera, B; Routray, T R; Centelles, M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Study of Cold Nuclear Matter Effects on Heavy Quarkonia in Proton-Lead Collisions at LHCb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proton-nucleus ($p\\rm{A}$) collisions play an important role in high energy nuclear physics as they allow to study nuclear matter effects and the parton distribution functions in the nuclear environment (nPDF). The quantum chromodynamics (QCD) phase transition from hadron gas to the the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) is not expected to occur in a $p\\rm{A}$ collision due to its limited space-time size. Therefore, the $p\\rm{A}$ collisions provide an ideal platform to study cold nuclear matter (CNM) effects, which are also known as normal nuclear matter effects. The measurements of the productions and correlations of the final-state particles in $p\\rm{A}$ collisions serve the purpose to test various theoretical models for CNM effects, to constrain the benchmarking nPDFs, and thus provide a baseline to understand and interpret the QGP created in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions. Heavy quarkonia (including charmonia and bottomonia), which are produced at the early stage of heavy-ion collisions, are considered goo...

Jing, Fanfan; Yang, Zhenwei; Schmidt, Burkhard

380

Experimental and theoretical studies of the effects of nonuniformities in equilibrium magnetohydrodynamic flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An experimental study of the effects of thermal and velocity nonuniformities is performed in an equilibrium plasma for a range of Hall coefficients. By introducing equally spaced cold blades in the radial flow of an electrodeless magnetohydrodynamic disk deivce, it is possible to create well-defined two-dimensional wake nonuniformities with strong variations of the plasma properties in the direction normal to the magnetic field and the flow. This type of nonuniformity and orientation theoretically provides the strongest reduction of Hall coefficient and effective conductivity for high values of the Hall coefficient. This degradation which reached more than 50% in some cases, is controlled by both the level of nonuniformities and the value of the ideal Hall coefficient. The former is dependent upon the number of blades (root mean square deviation of the conductivity), and the latter is dependent upon the values of the magnetic field intensities. The results provide basic quantitative information about the effects of conductivity and velocity nonuniformities on the performance of equilibrium magnetohydrodynamic generators over a wide range of Hall coefficients. The theoretical predictions are derived from a detailed two-dimensional electrodynamic analysis and a simplified engineering model based on a generalization of Rosa's layer model. These experiments validate the analytical studies and support the use of the theoretical layer nonuniform models in describing the effect of boundary layers on the performance of linear magnetohydrodynamic devices.

Rosenbaum, M.; Shamma, S.E.; Louis, J.F.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Ligand effects on the X-ray absorption of a nickel porphyrin complex: a simulation study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.elsevier.com/locate/chemphys #12;where W l PP stands for the atomic absorption spectrum for the lth site: W l PP 录 1 2 1 X2 x R ZLigand effects on the X-ray absorption of a nickel porphyrin complex: a simulation study Luke Abstract We present a simulation of the X-ray absorption near-edge spectrum (XANES) of the metal porphyrin

Mukamel, Shaul

382

A study of the coherent structures and installation effects in an orifice flow meter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Errors on the order of approximately 250 millions of dollar per year have been estimated for the natural gas industry. The urgent need to improve the accuracy has fueled basic research in the area of orifice flow meters. The objectives of this present... study were to analyze the coherent structures present in an orifice flow meter, and to examine the effect of a flow conditioner placed upstream of the orifice plate on the flow meter's accuracy, The coherent structures were measured by performing...

Pattabhi, Srikanth

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

383

South Jersey Energy Company (Rhode Island) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar PowerstoriesNrelPartnerTypePonsa,HomeIndiana:Rhode Island References: EIA Form

384

Market Update: New England Islanded Grids | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataCombined HeatInformation ResourcesIslandAboutMarket Update: New England

385

Bell Island Hot Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarre Biomass Facility JumpBedfordBelize: Energy ResourcesIsland

386

EDIN-USVI Clean Energy Quarterly: Volume 1 November 2010, Energy Development in Island Nations, U.S. Virgin Islands (Newsletter)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This quarterly newsletter provides timely news and information about the plans and progress of the Energy Development in Island Nations U.S. Virgin Islands pilot project, including significant events and milestones, work undertaken by each of the five working groups, and EDIN-sponsored renewable energy and energy efficiency projects.

Not Available

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

EDIN-USVI Clean Energy Quarterly: Volume 1, Issue 2, March 2011, Energy Development in Island Nations, U.S. Virgin Islands (Newsletter)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This quarterly newsletter provides timely news and information about the plans and progress of the Energy Development in Island Nations U.S. Virgin Islands pilot project, including significant events and milestones, work undertaken by each of the five working groups, and project-related renewable energy and energy efficiency projects.

Not Available

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Acoustic Modeling for Aqua Ventus I off Monhegan Island, ME  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The DeepCwind consortium, led by the University of Maine, was awarded funding under the US Department of Energy抯 Offshore Wind Advanced Technology Demonstration Program to develop two floating offshore wind turbines in the Gulf of Maine equipped with Goldwind 6 MW direct drive turbines, as the Aqua Ventus I project. The Goldwind turbines have a hub height of 100 m. The turbines will be deployed in Maine State waters, approximately 2.9 miles off Monhegan Island; Monhegan Island is located roughly 10 miles off the coast of Maine. In order to site and permit the offshore turbines, the acoustic output must be evaluated to ensure that the sound will not disturb residents on Monhegan Island, nor input sufficient sound levels into the nearby ocean to disturb marine mammals. This initial assessment of the acoustic output focuses on the sound of the turbines in air by modeling the assumed sound source level, applying a sound propagation model, and taking into account the distance from shore.

Whiting, Jonathan M.; Hanna, Luke A.; DeChello, Nicole L.; Copping, Andrea E.

2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

389

Study of the effect of the stress on CdTe nuclear detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CdTe detectors are commonly used for X and ? ray applications. The performance of these detectors is strongly affected by different types of mechanical stress; such as that caused by differential expansion between the semiconductor and its intimate metallic contacts and that caused by applied pressure during the bonding process. The aim of this work was to study the effects of stress on the performance of CdTe detectors. A difference in expansion coefficients induces transverse stress under the metallic contact, while contact pressure induces longitudinal stress. These stresses have been simulated by applying known static pressures. For the longitudinal case, the pressure was applied directly to the metallic contact; while in the transverse case, it was applied to the side. We have studied the effect of longitudinal and transverse stresses on the electrical characteristics including leakage current measurements and ?-ray detection performance. We have also investigated induced defects, their nature, activation energies, cross sections, and concentrations under the applied stress by using photo-induced current transient spectroscopy and thermoelectric effect spectroscopy techniques. The operational stress limit is also given.

Ayoub, M.; Radley, I.; Mullins, J. T. [Kromek, Thomas Wright way, TS21 3FD, Sedgefield, County Durham (United Kingdom)] [Kromek, Thomas Wright way, TS21 3FD, Sedgefield, County Durham (United Kingdom); Hage-Ali, M. [CLEA, Airport road, Beirut (Lebanon)] [CLEA, Airport road, Beirut (Lebanon)

2013-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

390

AMPLIFIED GREENHOUSE EFFECT SHAPING NORTH INTO SOUTH A new study published in Nature Climate Change reports decreasing temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AMPLIFIED GREENHOUSE EFFECT SHAPING NORTH INTO SOUTH A new study published in Nature Climate Change. A greenhouse effect initiated by increased atmospheric concentration of heat-trapping gasses, such as water greenhouse effect. This amplified warming in the North, roughly above the border between Canada and the USA

Myneni, Ranga B.

391

Direct dynamics study of energy transfer and collision-induced dissociation: Effects of impact energy, geometry, and reactant vibrational mode  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in molecular ions,1颅9 and also provides a convenient method to study the dynamics of collision transfer dynamics, and the effects of impact parameter and reactant vibrational excitation on CID. OneDirect dynamics study of energy transfer and collision-induced dissociation: Effects of impact

Anderson, Scott L.

392

In vitro study of the dose effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on rumen digestion of a mixed diet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In vitro study of the dose effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on rumen digestion of a mixed diet JP suggested as a mean of stabilizing rumen microbial digestion in animals fed diets rich in starch (RJ Wallace of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (I-1077)* (SC) were tested in Rusitec to study their effects on rumen digestive

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

393

Large Eddy Simulation studies of the effects of alignment and wind farm length  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Large eddy simulations of wind farms are performed to study the effects of wind turbine row alignment with respect to the incoming flow direction. Various wind farms with fixed stream-wise spacing (7.85 rotor diameters) and varying lateral displacements and span-wise turbine spacings are considered, for a fixed inflow direction. Simulations show that, contrary to common belief, a perfectly staggered (checker-board) configuration does not necessarily give the highest average power output. Instead, the highest mean wind farm power output is found to depend on several factors, the most important one being the alignment that leads to minimization of wake effects from turbines in several upstream rows. This alignment typically occurs at significantly smaller angles than those corresponding to perfect staggering. The observed trends have implications for wind farm designs, especially in sites with a well-defined prevailing wind direction.

Stevens, Richard J A M; Meneveau, Charles

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

A study of plasmonic enhanced transmission effects in nano-optics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project was a numerical study of the behavior of surface plasmons in nano-systems, focusing on the interaction between plasmons, light, and nano-scale structures such as nano-scale metallic wires and quantum wires/dots. The primary results of the project included: a) the demonstration of the use of surface plasmons to modify the spatial coherence of a light wave, b) the demonstration of a feasible plasmonic superresolved readout system, and c) the demonstration of a ?垄????Plasmonic Zeno effect?垄???聺, in which the attenuation of a light wave in metal is suppressed by breaking up the metal into a collection of structured layers. The integration of quantum wire/dot effects with the plasmonic simulations proved to be harder than expected, in large part due to the lack of accurate and simple quantum dot models.

Greg Gbur

2012-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

395

Development and application of QM/MM methods to study the solvation effects and surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantum mechanical (QM) calculations have the advantage of attaining high-level accuracy, however QM calculations become computationally inefficient as the size of the system grows. Solving complex molecular problems on large systems and ensembles by using quantum mechanics still poses a challenge in terms of the computational cost. Methods that are based on classical mechanics are an inexpensive alternative, but they lack accuracy. A good trade off between accuracy and efficiency is achieved by combining QM methods with molecular mechanics (MM) methods to use the robustness of the QM methods in terms of accuracy and the MM methods to minimize the computational cost. Two types of QM combined with MM (QM/MM) methods are the main focus of the present dissertation: the application and development of QM/MM methods for solvation studies and reactions on the Si(100) surface. The solvation studies were performed using a discreet solvation model that is largely based on first principles called the effective fragment potential method (EFP). The main idea of combining the EFP method with quantum mechanics is to accurately treat the solute-solvent and solvent-solvent interactions, such as electrostatic, polarization, dispersion and charge transfer, that are important in correctly calculating solvent effects on systems of interest. A second QM/MM method called SIMOMM (surface integrated molecular orbital molecular mechanics) is a hybrid QM/MM embedded cluster model that mimics the real surface.3 This method was employed to calculate the potential energy surfaces for reactions of atomic O on the Si(100) surface. The hybrid QM/MM method is a computationally inexpensive approach for studying reactions on larger surfaces in a reasonably accurate and efficient manner. This thesis is comprised of four chapters: Chapter 1 describes the general overview and motivation of the dissertation and gives a broad background of the computational methods that have been employed in this work. Chapter 2 illustrates the methodology of the interface of the EFP method with the configuration interaction with single excitations (CIS) method to study solvent effects in excited states. Chapter 3 discusses the study of the adiabatic electron affinity of the hydroxyl radical in aqueous solution and in micro-solvated clusters using a QM/EFP method. Chapter 4 describes the study of etching and diffusion of oxygen atom on a reconstructed Si(100)-2 x 1 surface using a hybrid QM/MM embedded cluster model (SIMOMM). Chapter 4 elucidates the application of the EFP method towards the understanding of the aqueous ionization potential of Na atom. Finally, a general conclusion of this dissertation work and prospective future direction are presented in Chapter 6.

Dibya, Pooja Arora

2010-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

396

Continental crust under compression: A seismic refraction study of South Island Geophysical Transect I, South Island, New Zealand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) active source seismic survey was designed to show the style of lithospheric thickening due to late for by rapid erosion of Mesozoic sedimentary rocks on the west side of the orogen. In our model the lower crust, and the mechanical coupling with the lower lithosphere may be obscured as the orogen matures and erodes. To gain more

Okaya, David

397

Experimental study of Siphon breaker about size effect in real scale reactor design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rupture accident within the pipe of a nuclear reactor is one of the main causes of a loss of coolant accident (LOCA). Siphon-breaking is a passive method that can prevent a LOCA. In this study, either a line or a hole is used as a siphon-breaker, and the effect of various parameters, such as the siphon-breaker size, pipe rupture point, pipe rupture size, and the presence of an orifice, are investigated using an experimental facility similar in size to a full-scale reactor. (authors)

Kang, S. H. [Mechanical Engineering Dept., POSTECH, Pohang, 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Ahn, H. S. [Div. of Advanced Nuclear Engineering, POSTECH, Pohang, 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, J. M. [Mechanical Engineering Dept., POSTECH, Pohang, 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Joo, H. M. [Dept. of Nuclear Engineering, Hanyang Univ., Seoul, 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, K. Y.; Seo, K.; Chi, D. Y. [KAERI, Yuseong, Daejeon, 305-353 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, M. H. [Div. of Advanced Nuclear Engineering, POSTECH, Pohang, 790-784 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Dual Superconductor Scenario of Confinement: A Systematic Study of Gribov Copy Effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We perform a study of the effects from maximal abelian gauge Gribov copies in the context of the dual superconductor scenario of confinement, on the basis of a novel approach for estimation of systematic uncertainties from incomplete gauge fixing. We present numerical results, in SU(2) lattice gauge theory, using the overrelaxed simulated annealing gauge fixing algorithm. We find abelian and non-abelian string tensions to differ significantly, their ratio being 0.92(4) at BETA = 2.5115. An approximate factorization of the abelian potential into monopole and photon contributions has been confirmed, the former giving rise to the abelian string tension.

G. S. Bali; V. Bornyakov; M. Mueller Preussker; K. Schilling

1996-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

399

Geomagnetic effects modelling for the PJM interconnection system. Part 2; Geomagnetically induced current study results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of a computer program for calculation of geomagnetically induced current (GIC) and a GIC power system model for the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland Interconnection is described in this paper. Results of GIC for three different ionospheric source configurations are shown. A new method is presented for estimating GIC in unmetered parts of the system based on a few measurements and precalculated geomagnetic disturbance conditions. The use of an interactive, menu driven GIC program to study mitigation concepts including the effects of line outages, line series capacitors, transformer neutral blocking resistors and transformer neutral blocking capacitors is also presented.

Prabhakara, F.S.; Hannett, L.N.; Ringlee, R.J. (Power Technologies, Inc., Schenectady, NY (United States)); Ponder, J.Z. (PJM Interconnection, Norristown, PA (US))

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Strategies for International Cooperation in Support of Energy Development in Pacific Island Nations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has been partnering with island communities around the world to address the technical, policy, social, and economic hurdles to deploying energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies (RETs) on small, islanded systems. The lessons learned from these partnerships are briefly summarized in this document with the goal of supporting the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) in the development of specific near-term and longer-term strategies for island RET deployment.

Miller, M.; Voss, P.; Warren, A.; Baring-Gould, I.; Conrad, M.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Study of the Acoustic Effects of Hydrokinetic Tidal Turbines in Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrokinetic turbines will be a source of noise in the marine environment - both during operation and during installation/removal. High intensity sound can cause injury or behavioral changes in marine mammals and may also affect fish and invertebrates. These noise effects are, however, highly dependent on the individual marine animals; the intensity, frequency, and duration of the sound; and context in which the sound is received. In other words, production of sound is a necessary, but not sufficient, condition for an environmental impact. At a workshop on the environmental effects of tidal energy development, experts identified sound produced by turbines as an area of potentially significant impact, but also high uncertainty. The overall objectives of this project are to improve our understanding of the potential acoustic effects of tidal turbines by: (1) Characterizing sources of existing underwater noise; (2) Assessing the effectiveness of monitoring technologies to characterize underwater noise and marine mammal responsiveness to noise; (3) Evaluating the sound profile of an operating tidal turbine; and (4) Studying the effect of turbine sound on surrogate species in a laboratory environment. This study focuses on a specific case study for tidal energy development in Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound, Washington (USA), but the methodologies and results are applicable to other turbine technologies and geographic locations. The project succeeded in achieving the above objectives and, in doing so, substantially contributed to the body of knowledge around the acoustic effects of tidal energy development in several ways: (1) Through collection of data from Admiralty Inlet, established the sources of sound generated by strong currents (mobilizations of sediment and gravel) and determined that low-frequency sound recorded during periods of strong currents is non-propagating pseudo-sound. This helped to advance the debate within the marine and hydrokinetics acoustic community as to whether strong currents produce propagating sound. (2) Analyzed data collected from a tidal turbine operating at the European Marine Energy Center to develop a profile of turbine sound and developed a framework to evaluate the acoustic effects of deploying similar devices in other locations. This framework has been applied to Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish Country's demonstration project in Admiralty Inlet to inform postinstallation acoustic and marine mammal monitoring plans. (3) Demonstrated passive acoustic techniques to characterize the ambient noise environment at tidal energy sites (fixed, long-term observations recommended) and characterize the sound from anthropogenic sources (drifting, short-term observations recommended). (4) Demonstrated the utility and limitations of instrumentation, including bottom mounted instrumentation packages, infrared cameras, and vessel monitoring systems. In doing so, also demonstrated how this type of comprehensive information is needed to interpret observations from each instrument (e.g., hydrophone data can be combined with vessel tracking data to evaluate the contribution of vessel sound to ambient noise). (5) Conducted a study that suggests harbor porpoise in Admiralty Inlet may be habituated to high levels of ambient noise due to omnipresent vessel traffic. The inability to detect behavioral changes associated with a high intensity source of opportunity (passenger ferry) has informed the approach for post-installation marine mammal monitoring. (6) Conducted laboratory exposure experiments of juvenile Chinook salmon and showed that exposure to a worse than worst case acoustic dose of turbine sound does not result in changes to hearing thresholds or biologically significant tissue damage. Collectively, this means that Chinook salmon may be at a relatively low risk of injury from sound produced by tidal turbines located in or near their migration path. In achieving these accomplishments, the project has significantly advanced the District's goals of developing a demonstration-scale tidal energy proj

Brian Polagye; Jim Thomson; Chris Bassett; Jason Wood; Dom Tollit; Robert Cavagnaro; Andrea Copping

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

402

E-Print Network 3.0 - ascension island south Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

25 MTRGAscension Management Plan 2002 SECTION 6: DEVELOPMENT OF INFRASTRUCTURE FOR ECOTOURISM Summary: from Ascension Island. Photos 21 & 22: Display Boards at Airhead and...

403

Spatial localization of resistive drift wave structure in tokamak edge plasmas with an embedded magnetic island  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Resistive drift wave instability is investigated numerically in tokamak edge plasma confined by sheared slab magnetic field geometry with an embedded magnetic island. The focus is on the structural characteristics of eigenmode inside the island, where the density profile tends to be flattened. A transition of the dominant eigenmode occurs around a critical island width w{sub c}. For thin islands with a width below w{sub c}, two global long wavelength eigenmodes with approximately the same growth rate but different eigenfrequency are excited, which are stabilized by the magnetic island through two-dimensional mode coupling in both x and y (corresponding to radial and poloidal in tokamak) directions. On the other hand, a short wavelength eigenmode, which is destabilized by thick islands with a width above w{sub c}, dominates the edge fluctuation, showing a prominent structural localization in the region between the X-point and the O-point of the magnetic island. The main destabilization mechanism is identified as the mode coupling in the y direction, which is similar to the so-called toroidal coupling in tokamak plasmas. These three eigenmodes may coexist in the drift wave fluctuation for the island with a width around w{sub c}. It is demonstrated that the structural localization results mainly from the quasilinear flattening of density profile inside the magnetic island.

Hu, Shilin; Qu, Hongpeng [Southwestern Institute of Physics, Sichuan, Chengdu 610041 (China); Li, Jiquan, E-mail: lijq@energy.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 6110011 (Japan); Kishimoto, Y. [Graduate School of Energy Science, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 6110011 (Japan); Institute of Advanced Energy, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 6110011 (Japan)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

404

E-Print Network 3.0 - active anti-islanding method Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

...22 3.3.3 Anti-islanding, Microgrid Settings Reset (Lockout... Connect State: In the Connect state the CERTS Switch checks ... Source:...

405

E-Print Network 3.0 - anti-islanding method based Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

...22 3.3.3 Anti-islanding, Microgrid Settings Reset (Lockout... Connect State: In the Connect state the CERTS Switch checks ... Source:...

406

Laterally self-ordered silicon-germanium islands with optimized confinement properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present an analysis of the electronic confinement properties of self-assembled islands forming via silicon and germanium co-deposition in molecular beam epitaxy. This approach allows the fabrication of laterally self-ordered three dimensional islands in the Stranski-Krastanow growth mode. Using a systematic structural analysis, we derive a realistic fit-parameter free island model for band structure simulations. A comparison between these band structure simulations and photoluminescence spectroscopy shows that such islands have a significant three dimensional spatial electron-hole wave function overlap. In addition, we show that this spatial wave function overlap overcompensates a weak wave function spreading in k-space.

Zabel, Thomas; Sircar, Narayan [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universit鋞 M黱chen, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany) [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universit鋞 M黱chen, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Institut f黵 Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Universit鋞 Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany); Hauke, Norman; Kaniber, Michael; Finley, Jonathan J. [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universit鋞 M黱chen, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany)] [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universit鋞 M黱chen, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Zweck, Josef; Bougeard, Dominique [Institut f黵 Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Universit鋞 Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany)] [Institut f黵 Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Universit鋞 Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany); D鯾linger, Markus [Department of Chemistry, Ludwig Maximilian Universit鋞 M黱chen, D-81377 Munich (Germany)] [Department of Chemistry, Ludwig Maximilian Universit鋞 M黱chen, D-81377 Munich (Germany); Abstreiter, Gerhard [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universit鋞 M黱chen, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany) [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universit鋞 M黱chen, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Institute for Advanced Study, Technische Universit鋞 M黱chen, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Arakawa, Yasuhiko [Institute for Advanced Study, Technische Universit鋞 M黱chen, D-85748 Garching (Germany) [Institute for Advanced Study, Technische Universit鋞 M黱chen, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Institute of Industrial Science, Institute for Nano Quantum Information Electronics, The University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8505 (Japan)

2013-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

407

Microsoft Word - CX-SundialIsland-FY13_WEB.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

20, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Richard Heredia Project Manager - TEP- TPP- 1 Proposed Action: Sundial Island Transmission Tower...

408

Three Mile Island accident and post-accident recovery: what did we learn  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A description of the accident at Three Mile Island-2 reactor is presented. Activities related to the cleanup and decontamination of the reactor are described.

Collins, E.D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

E-Print Network 3.0 - amelia island florida Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(OMEGA) 1... ,000,000 81002 Caroline Islands-Westem Part (OMEGA) 1,000,000 81007 Bikini Atoll to ... Source: Russell, Lynn - Scripps Institution of Oceanography Collection:...

410

Assessing the costs of solar power plants for the Island of Roat鄋 .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This is an analysis assessing the installation costs of different solar power plant technologies and the current commercial availability for installation on the Island or (more)

Huwe, Ethan (Ethan L.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Fuel-Specific Effect of Exhaust Gas Residuals on HCCI Combustion: A Modeling Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A modeling study was performed to investigate fuel-specific effects of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) components on homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion at conditions relevant to the negative valve overlap (NVO) strategy using CHEMKIN-PRO. Four single-component fuels with well-established kinetic models were chosen: n-heptane, iso-octane, ethanol, and toluene. These fuels were chosen because they span a wide range of fuel chemistries, and produce a wide compositions range of complete stoichiometric products (CSP). The simulated engine conditions combined a typical spark ignition engine compression ratio (11.34) and high intake charge temperatures (500-550 K) that are relevant to NVO HCCI. It was found that over the conditions investigated, all the fuels had overlapping start of combustion (SOC) phasing, despite the wide range in octane number (RON = 0 to 120). The effect of the EGR components CO2 and H2O was to suppress the compression temperature because of their higher heat capacities, which retarded SOC. For a concentration of O2 higher than the stoichiometric amount, or excess O2, there was an effect of advancing SOC for n-heptane, iso-octane, and toluene, but SOC for ethanol was not advanced. Low temperature heat release (LTHR) for n-heptane was also found to be highly dependent on excess O2, and mild endothermic reaction was observed for cases when excess O2 was not present.

Szybist, James P [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Studies of Bystander Effects in 3-D Tissue Systems Using a Low-LET Microbeam  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is now accepted that biological effects may occur in cells that were not themselves traversed by ionizing radiation but are close to those that were. Little is known about the mechanism underlying such a bystander effect, although cell-to-cell communication is thought to be important. Previous work demonstrated a significant bystander effect for clonogenic survival and oncogenic transformation in C3H 10T(1/2) cells. Additional studies were undertaken to assess the importance of the degree of cell-to-cell contact at the time of irradiation on the magnitude of this bystander effect by varying the cell density. When 10% of cells were exposed to a range of 2-12 alpha particles, a significantly greater number of cells were inactivated when cells were irradiated at high density than at low density. In addition, the oncogenic transformation frequency was significantly higher in high-density cultures. These results suggest that when a cell is hit by radiation, the transmission of the bystander signal through cell-to-cell contact is an important mediator of the effect, implicating the involvement of intracellular communication through gap junctions. Additional studies to address the relationship between the bystander effect and the adaptive response were undertaken. A novel apparatus, where targeted and non-targeted cells were grown in close proximity, was used to investigate these. It was further examined whether a bystander effect or an adaptive response could be induced by a factor(s) present in the supernatants of cells exposed to a high or low dose of X-rays, respectively. When non-hit cells were co-cultured for 24 h with cells irradiated with 5 Gy alpha-particles, a significant increase in both cell killing and oncogenic transformation frequency was observed. If these cells were treated with 2 cGy X-rays 5 h before co-culture with irradiated cells, approximately 95% of the bystander effect was cancelled out. A 2.5-fold decrease in the oncogenic transformation frequency was also observed. When cells were cultured in medium donated from cells exposed to 5 Gy X-rays, a significant bystander effect was observed for clonogenic survival. When cells were cultured for 5 h with supernatant from donor cells exposed to 2 cGy and were then irradiated with 4 Gy X-rays, they failed to show an increase in survival compared with cells directly irradiated with 4 Gy. However, a twofold reduction in the oncogenic transformation frequency was seen. An adaptive dose of X-rays cancelled out the majority of the bystander effect produced by alpha-particles. For oncogenic transformation, but not cell survival, radioadaption can occur in unirradiated cells via a transmissible factor(s). A pilot study was undertaken to observe the bystander effect in a realistic multicellular three-dimensional morphology. We found bystander responses in a three-dimensional, normal human-tissue system. Endpoints were induction of micronucleated and apoptotic cells. A charged-particle microbeam was used, allowing irradiation of cells in defined locations in the tissue yet guaranteeing that no cells located more than a few micrometers away receive any radiation exposure. Unirradiated cells up to 1 mm distant from irradiated cells showed a significant enhancement in effect over background, with an average increase in effect of 1.7-fold for micronuclei and 2.8-fold for apoptosis. The surprisingly long range of bystander signals in human tissue suggests that bystander responses may be important in extrapolating radiation risk estimates from epidemiologically accessible doses down to very low doses where nonhit bystander cells will predominate. Finally, it would be of great benefit to develop a reproducible tissue system suitable for critical radiobiological assays. We have developed a reliable protocol to harvest cells from tissue samples and to investigate the damage induced on a single cell basis. In order to result in a valid tool for bystander experiments, the method focuses on processing and analyzing radiation damage in individual cells as a function of their rela

Brenner, David J.

2009-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

413

Study of spin polarized nuclear matter and finite nuclei with finite range simple effective interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The properties of spin polarized pure neutron matter and symmetric nuclear matter are studied using the finite range simple effective interaction, upon its parametrization revisited. Out of the total twelve parameters involved, we now determine ten of them from nuclear matter, against the nine parameters in our earlier calculation, as required in order to have predictions in both spin polarized nuclear matter and finite nuclei in unique manner being free from uncertainty found using the earlier parametrization. The information on the effective mass splitting in polarized neutron matter of the microscopic calculations is used to constrain the one more parameter, that was earlier determined from finite nucleus, and in doing so the quality of the description of finite nuclei is not compromised. The interaction with the new set of parameters is used to study the possibilities of ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic transitions in completely polarized symmetric nuclear matter. Emphasis is given to analyze the results analytically, as far as possible, to elucidate the role of the interaction parameters involved in the predictions.

B. Behera; X. Vi馻s; T. R. Routray; M. Centelles

2015-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

414

Genomic islands predict functional adaptation in marine actinobacteria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Linking functional traits to bacterial phylogeny remains a fundamental but elusive goal of microbial ecology 1. Without this information, it becomes impossible to resolve meaningful units of diversity and the mechanisms by which bacteria interact with each other and adapt to environmental change. Ecological adaptations among bacterial populations have been linked to genomic islands, strain-specific regions of DNA that house functionally adaptive traits 2. In the case of environmental bacteria, these traits are largely inferred from bioinformatic or gene expression analyses 2, thus leaving few examples in which the functions of island genes have been experimentally characterized. Here we report the complete genome sequences of Salinispora tropica and S. arenicola, the first cultured, obligate marine Actinobacteria 3. These two species inhabit benthic marine environments and dedicate 8-10percent of their genomes to the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites. Despite a close phylogenetic relationship, 25 of 37 secondary metabolic pathways are species-specific and located within 21 genomic islands, thus providing new evidence linking secondary metabolism to ecological adaptation. Species-specific differences are also observed in CRISPR sequences, suggesting that variations in phage immunity provide fitness advantages that contribute to the cosmopolitan distribution of S. arenicola 4. The two Salinispora genomes have evolved by complex processes that include the duplication and acquisition of secondary metabolite genes, the products of which provide immediate opportunities for molecular diversification and ecological adaptation. Evidence that secondary metabolic pathways are exchanged by Horizontal Gene Transfer (HGT) yet are fixed among globally distributed populations 5 supports a functional role for their products and suggests that pathway acquisition represents a previously unrecognized force driving bacterial diversification

Penn, Kevin; Jenkins, Caroline; Nett, Markus; Udwary, Daniel; Gontang, Erin; McGlinchey, Ryan; Foster, Brian; Lapidus, Alla; Podell, Sheila; Allen, Eric; Moore, Bradley; Jensen, Paul

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

DEMONSTRATION OF BLACK LIQUOR GASIFICATION AT BIG ISLAND  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Technical Progress Report provides an account of the status of the project for the demonstration of Black Liquor Gasification at Georgia-Pacific Corporation's Big Island, VA facility. The report also includes budget information and a milestone schedule. The project to be conducted by G-P is a comprehensive, complete commercial-scale demonstration that is divided into two phases. Phase I is the validation of the project scope and cost estimate. Phase II is project execution, data acquisition and reporting, and consists of procurement of major equipment, construction and start-up of the new system. Phase II also includes operation of the system for a period of time to demonstrate the safe operation and full integration of the energy and chemical recovery systems in a commercial environment. The objective of Phase I is to validate the process design and to engineer viable solutions to any technology gaps. This phase includes engineering and planning for the integration of the full-scale MTCI/StoneChem PulseEnhanced{trademark} black liquor steam-reformer chemical recovery system into G-P's operating pulp and paper mill at Big Island, Virginia. During this phase, the scope and cost estimate will be finalized to confirm the cost of the project and its integration into the existing system at the mill. The objective of Phase II of the project is the successful and safe completion of the engineering, construction and functional operation of the fully integrated full-scale steam reformer process system. This phase includes installation of all associated support systems and equipment required for the enhanced recovery of both energy and chemicals from all of the black liquor generated from the pulping process at the Big Island Mill. The objective also includes operation of the steam reformer system to demonstrate the ability of the system to operate reliably and achieve designed levels of energy and chemical recovery while maintaining environmental emissions at or below the limits set by the environmental permits.

Robert DeCarrera

2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

416

Analysis of Three Mile Island-Unit 2 accident  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Nuclear Safety Analysis Center (NSAC) of the Electric Power Research Institute has analyzed the Three Mile Island-2 accident. Early results of this analysis were a brief narrative summary, issued in mid-May 1979 and an initial version of this report issued later in 1979 as noted in the Foreword. The present report is a revised version of the 1979 report, containing summaries, a highly detailed sequence of events, a comparison of that sequence of events with those from other sources, 25 appendices, references and a list of abbreviations and acronyms. A matrix of equipment and system actions is included as a folded insert.

Not Available

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

U.S. Virgin Islands Energy Road Map: Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report lays out the strategy envisioned by the stakeholders in the U.S. Virgin Islands, U.S. Department of Energy, and U.S. Department of Interior to achieve the ambitious goal of achieving a 60% reduction in business-as-usual fossil fuel demand by 2025 (60x25) within the electricity sector. This work and supporting analysis provides a framework within which decisions can begin to be made, a concrete vision of what the future might hold, and a guide to determine what questions should follow.

Lantz, E.; Olis, D.; Warren, A.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Three Mile Island waste management: a DOE Perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting waste management research and development activities which are applicable to the cleanup of the Three Mile Island-Unit 2 nuclear reactor. These activities have enabled DOE to provide timely assistance to General Public Utilities (GPU), the utility owner, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and the State of Pennsylvania in their efforts to quickly and safely clean up the damaged reactor. The DOE has been particularly active in evaluating proposed cleanup systems, providing information on waste characteristics, and advising GPU and NRC as to appropriate disposal methods for the waste generated during the cleanup. A description and discussion of some of these activities is presented.

D'Ambrosia, J.T.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Integrated defueling system for Three Mile Island Unit 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The unique clean-up requirements of Three Mile Island Unit 2 have posed first-of-a-kind challenges for the equipment, tools, and operators involved in the defueling effort. Various equipment components and specialty remote tools were designed as an integrated defueling system to provide a means of safely working above the reactor and removing core debris. The basic defueling system consists of support equipment and specialty remote tools for specific operations. This paper describes the different equipment and tools, and explains the key interfaces and features of the integrated defueling system.

Brown, D.A.; Gallagher, R.E.; Rider, R.L.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Newby Island I Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(Utility Company) Jump to:City) Jump to: navigation,Newark isNewby Island I

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Newby Island II Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(Utility Company) Jump to:City) Jump to: navigation,Newark isNewby Island III

422

MHK Projects/Cat Island Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAK Technologies Jump to:BW2 Tidal <CETO LaCat Island Project

423

MHK Projects/Island 14 Bend | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAK Technologies Jump to:BW2Greenville BendHopeIjsselmeerIsland 14

424

MHK Projects/Turnbull Island | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalway Bay IE < MHK ProjectRose BendReachTurnbull Island

425

Cumberland Hill, Rhode Island: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin:2003)Crowley County, Colorado:Cumberland CountyRhode Island:

426

Project Fact Sheet Long Island HTS Power Cable Superconducting  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Careerlumens_placard-green.epsEnergy1.pdfMarket |21,-CommitteeItems at6ACity HQ StateTheLong Island

427

Long Island HTS Power Cable | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office0-72.pdfGeorgeDoesn't Happen toLeveragingLindsey GeislerEnergyLochinvarLong Island

428

Bay Harbor Islands, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 EastMaine:Barbers Point Housing,Illinois:County is30.1805306掳,Harbor Islands,

429

Blue Island, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: Energy ResourcesJersey:formBlue Energy Address: Box 29068 1950Blue Island is a

430

Energy Incentive Programs, Rhode Island | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergyIDIQBusinessin Jamaica,Idaho EnergyMontanaOregon EnergyRhode Island

431

Northern Mariana Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's HeatMexico:Community NominationsCarolina鈥 |NAE/EnelAZMariana Islands:

432

Saint Paul Island Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant ofRichardton Abbey Wind Farm(CTIhinder forLucia: EnergyIsland

433

San Clemente Island Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant ofRichardton Abbey WindSamsung Jump to:San Clemente Island Wind

434

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Staten Island Warehouse - NY 22  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou areDowntown Site - MO 02 FUSRAPStaten Island

435

Rock Island, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, searchVirginia BlueRiverwoods, Illinois:239178掳,is a927003掳,AtIsland,

436

Kelleys Island, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429 Throttled (botOpen6 ClimateKamas, Utah:Kaufman684342掳,KeithKelleys Island,

437

Virgin Islands Recovery Act State Memo | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment of Dept.| Department ofEducationVirgin Islands Recovery Act State

438

ARM MJO Investigation Experiment on Gan Island (AMIE-Gan) Science Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overarching campaign, which includes the ARM Mobile Facility 2 (AMF2) deployment in conjunction with the Dynamics of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (DYNAMO) and the Cooperative Indian Ocean experiment on intraseasonal variability in the Year 2011 (CINDY2011) campaigns, is designed to test several current hypotheses regarding the mechanisms responsible for Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) initiation and propagation in the Indian Ocean area. The synergy between the proposed AMF2 deployment with DYNAMO/CINDY2011, and the corresponding funded experiment on Manus, combine for an overarching ARM MJO Investigation Experiment (AMIE) with two components: AMF2 on Gan Island in the Indian Ocean (AMIE-Gan), where the MJO initiates and starts its eastward propagation; and the ARM Manus site (AMIE-Manus), which is in the general area where the MJO usually starts to weaken in climate models. AMIE-Gan will provide measurements of particular interest to Atmospheric System Research (ASR) researchers relevant to improving the representation of MJO initiation in climate models. The framework of DYNAMO/CINDY2011 includes two proposed island-based sites and two ship-based locations forming a square pattern with sonde profiles and scanning precipitation and cloud radars at both island and ship sites. These data will be used to produce a Variational Analysis data set coinciding with the one produced for AMIE-Manus. The synergy between AMIE-Manus and AMIE-Gan will allow studies of the initiation, propagation, and evolution of the convective cloud population within the framework of the MJO. As with AMIE-Manus, AMIE-Gan/DYNAMO also includes a significant modeling component geared toward improving the representation of MJO initiation and propagation in climate and forecast models. This campaign involves the deployment of the second, marine-capable, AMF; all of the included measurement systems; and especially the scanning and vertically pointing radars. The campaign will include sonde launches at a rate of eight per day for the duration of the deployment. The increased sonde launches for the entire period matches that of the AMIE-Manus campaign and makes possible a far more robust Variational Analysis forcing data set product for the entire campaign, and thus better capabilities for modeling studies and synergistic research using the data from both AMIE sites.

Long, CL; Del Genio, A; Deng, M; Fu, X; Gustafson, W; Houze, R; Jakob, C; Jensen, M; Johnson, R; Liu, X; Luke, E; May, P; McFarlane, S; Minnis, P; Schumacher, C; Vogelmann, A; Wang, Y; Webster, P; Xie, S; Zhang, C

2011-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

439

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from the Eastern North Atlantic Site (ENA), Graciosa Island, Azores  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

From May 2009 through December 2010, the ARM Mobile Facility obtained data from a location near the airport on Graciosa Island to support the Clouds, Aerosol, and Precipitation in the Marine Boundary Layer (CAP-MBL) field campaign. The campaign was led by principal investigator Robert Wood. Results from this campaign confirmed that the Azores have the ideal mix of conditions to study how clouds, aerosols, and precipitation interact. This new observation site will have significant enhancements to instruments previously deployed to the Azores, including a Ka-/W-band scanning cloud radar, precipitation radar, and Doppler lidar. It has the full support of the Azorean government and collaborators at the University of the Azores. Los Alamos National Laboratory will operate the site for the ARM Facility.

Wood, Robert

440

Analysis of the Three Mile Island Unit 2 hydrogen burn. Volume 4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As a basis for the analysis of the hydrogen burn which occurred in the Three Mile Island Containment on March 28, 1979, a study of recorded temperatures and pressures was made. Long-term temperature information was obtained from the multipoint temperature recorder which shows 12 containment atmosphere temperatures plotted every 6 min. The containment atmosphere pressure recorder provided excellent long- and short-term pressure information. Short-term information was obtained from the multiplex record of 24 channels of data, recorded every 3 sec, and the alarm printer record which shows status change events and prints out temperatures, pressures, and the time of the events. The timing of these four data recording systems was correlated and pertinent data were tabulated, analyzed, and plotted to show average containment temperature and pressure versus time. Photographs and videotapes of the containment entries provided qualitative burn information.

Henrie, J.O.; Postma, A.K.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Targeted Gene Deletion Demonstrates that Cell Adhesion MoleculeICAM-4 is Critical for Erythroblastic Island Formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Erythroid progenitors differentiate in erythroblastic islands, bone marrow niches composed of erythroblasts surrounding a central macrophage. Evidence suggests that within islands adhesive interactions regulate erythropoiesis and apoptosis. We are exploring whether erythroid intercellular adhesion molecule-4 (ICAM-4), animmunoglobulin superfamily member, participates in island formation. Earlier, we identified alpha V integrins as ICAM-4 counter receptors. Since macrophages express alpha V, ICAM-4 potentially mediates island attachments. To test this, we generated ICAM-4 knockout mice and developed quantitative, live cell techniques for harvesting intact islands and for reforming islands in vitro. We observed a 47 percent decrease in islands reconstituted from ICAM-4 null marrow compared to wild type. We also found a striking decrease in islands formed in vivo in knockout mice. Further, peptides that block ICAM-4 alpha V adhesion produced a 53-57 percent decrease in reconstituted islands, strongly suggesting that ICAM-4 binding to macrophage alpha V functions in island integrity. Importantly, we documented that alpha V integrin is expressed in macrophages isolated from erythro blastic islands. Collectively, these data provide convincing evidence that ICAM-4 is critical in erythroblastic island formation via ICAM-4/alpha V adhesion and also demonstrate that the novel experimental strategies we developed will be valuable in exploring molecular mechanisms of erythroblastic island formation and their functional role in regulating erythropoiesis.

Lee, Gloria; Lo, Annie; Short, Sarah A.; Mankelow, Tosti J.; Spring, Frances; Parsons, Stephen F.; Mohandas, Narla; Anstee, David J.; Chasis, Joel Anne

2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

442

Structural stability of the Weeks Island oil repository  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 3-D finite element analysis was performed to evaluate the stability of the SPR upper and lower oil storage levels at Weeks Island. The mechanical analysis predicted stresses and strains from which pillar stability was inferred using a fracture criterion developed from previous testing of Weeks Island salt. This analysis simulated the sequential mining of the two levels and subsequent oil fill of the mine. The predicted subsidence rates compare well to those measured over the past few years. Predicted failure mechanisms agree with observations made at the time the mine was being modified for oil storage. The modeling technique employed here treats an infinite array of pillars and is a reasonable representation of the behavior at the center of the mine. This analysis predicts that the lower level pillars, at the center of the mine, have fractured and their stability at this time is questionable. Localized pillar fracturing is predicted and implies that the mine is entering a phase of continual time dependent deterioration. Continued and expanded monitoring of the facility and development of methods to assess and predict its behavior are more important now than ever.

Preece, D.S.; Ehgartner, B.L.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

First-Principles Study of Back Contact Effects on CdTe Thin Film Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Forming a chemically stable low-resistance back contact for CdTe thin-film solar cells is critically important to the cell performance. This paper reports theoretical study of the effects of the back-contact material, Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3}, on the performance of the CdTe solar cells. First-principles calculations show that Sb impurities in p-type CdTe are donors and can diffuse with low diffusion barrier. There properties are clearly detrimental to the solar-cell performance. The Sb segregation into the grain boundaries may be required to explain the good efficiencies for the CdTe solar cells with Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3} back contacts.

Du, Mao-Hua [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Study on space charge effect in an electrostatic ion analyzer applied to measure laser produced ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The abundance of different ions produced by laser ion sources is usually analyzed by an electrostatic ion analyzer (EIA). Ion current intensities in the range of several mA/cm{sup 2} at the position of the EIA have been achieved from the laser ion source developed by the Institute of Modern Physics; this indicates that a noticeable influence of space charge effect during the ion transmission will occur. Hence, while the parameters of the EIA or the beams are changed, such as ion species, current intensity, the ions transmission efficiency through the EIA is different, which will result in an uncertainty in the estimation of the ions yields. Special attention is focused on this issue in this paper. Ion's transmissions through the EIA under different circumstances are studied with simulations and experiments, the results of which are consistent with each other.

Jin, Q. Y.; Li, Zh. M.; Liu, W. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China) [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Zhao, H. Y., E-mail: zhaohy@impcas.ac.cn; Sha, S.; Zhang, J. J.; Zhang, X. Zh.; Sun, L. T.; Zhao, H. W. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China)] [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

445

Dynamic synchrotron X-ray imaging study of effective temperature in a vibrated granular medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a dynamic synchrotron X-ray imaging study of the effective temperature $T_{eff}$ in a vibrated granular medium. By tracking the directed motion and the fluctuation dynamics of the tracers inside, we obtained $T_{eff}$ of the system using Einstein relation. We found that as the system unjams with increasing vibration intensities $\\Gamma$, the structural relaxation time $\\tau$ increases substantially which can be fitted by an Arrhenius law using $T_{eff}$. And the characteristic energy scale of structural relaxation yielded by the Arrhenius fitting is $E = 0.21 \\pm 0.02$ $pd^3$, where $p$ is the pressure and $d$ is the background particle diameter, which is consistent with those from hard sphere simulations in which the structural relaxation happens via the opening up of free volume against pressure.

Yixin Cao; Xiaodan Zhang; Binquan Kou; Xiangting Li; Xianghui Xiao; Kamel Fezzaa; Yujie Wang

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

446

An effective medium study of surface plasmon polaritons in nanostructured gratings using attenuated total reflection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent work studied surface plasmon resonances in structured materials by the method of attenuated total reflection using a prism on top of a metallic grating. That calculation considered Transverse Magnetic polarized radiation, involved an expansion in 121 Fourier modes, and found a number of interesting features. Many of these features were attributed to localized plasmons or other factors, which arise from a discrete structure. We use a simple effective medium theory to address the same problem, and find many of the same reflection features observed in the more complex calculation, indicating that localization is not an important factor. We also evaluate the possibility of using some of the new features in the reflection spectrum for bio-sensing and find that the sensitivity of the system to small changes in relative permittivity is increased compared to some standard methods.

Tyboroski, M. H.; Anderson, N. R.; Camley, R. E. [UCCS BioFrontiers Center, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80918 (United States)

2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

447

Evaluating the Effects of the Kingston Fly Ash Release on Fish Reproduction: Spring 2009 - 2010 Studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On December 22, 2008, a dike containing fly ash and bottom ash at the Tennessee Valley Authority's (TVA) Kingston Fossil Plant in East Tennessee failed and released a large quantity of ash into the adjacent Emory River. Ash deposits from the spill extended 4 miles upstream of the facility to Emory River mile 6 and downstream to Tennessee River mile 564 ({approx}8.5 miles downstream of the confluence of the Emory River with the Clinch River, and {approx}4 miles downstream of the confluence of the Clinch River with the Tennessee River). A byproduct of coal combustion, fly ash contains a variety of metals and other elements which, at sufficient concentrations and in specific forms, can be harmful to biological systems. The ecological effects of fly ash contamination on exposed fish populations depend on the magnitude and duration of exposure, with the most significant risk considered to come from elevated levels of certain metals in the ash, particularly selenium, on fish reproduction and fish early life stages (Lemly 1993; Besser and others 1996). The ovaries of adult female fish in a lake contaminated by coal ash were reported to have an increased frequency of atretic oocytes (dead or damaged immature eggs) and reductions in the overall numbers of developing oocytes (Sorensen 1988) associated with elevated body burdens of selenium. Larval fish exposed to selenium through maternal transfer of contaminants to developing eggs in either contaminated bodies of water (Lemly 1999) or in experimental laboratory exposures (Woock and others 1987, Jezierska and others 2009) have significantly increased incidences of developmental abnormalities. Contact of fertilized eggs and developing embryos to ash in water and sediments may also pose an additional risk to the early life stages of exposed fish populations through direct uptake of metals and other ash constituents (Jezierska and others 2009). The establishment and maintenance of fish populations is intimately associated with the ability of individuals within a population to reproduce. Reproduction is thus generally considered to be the most critical life function affected by environmental contamination. From a regulatory perspective, the issue of potential contaminant-related effects on fish reproduction from the Kingston fly ash spill has particular significance because the growth and propagation of fish and other aquatic life is a specific classified use of the affected river systems. To address the potential effects of fly ash from the Kingston spill on the reproductive health of exposed fish populations, ORNL has undertaken a series of studies in collaboration with TVA that include: (1) a combined field study of metal bioaccumulation in ovaries and other fish tissues (Adams and others 2012) and the reproductive condition of sentinel fish species in reaches of the Emory and Clinch Rivers affected by the fly ash spill (the current report); (2) laboratory tests of the potential toxicity of fly ash from the spill area on fish embryonic and larval development (Greeley and others 2012); (3) additional laboratory experimentation focused on the potential effects of long-term exposures to fly ash on fish survival and reproductive competence (unpublished); and (4) a combined field and laboratory study examining the in vitro developmental success of embryos and larvae obtained from fish exposed in vivo for over two years to fly ash in the Emory and Clinch Rivers (unpublished). The current report focuses on the reproductive condition of adult female fish in reaches of the Emory and Clinch Rivers influenced by the fly ash spill at the beginning of the spring 2009 breeding season - the first breeding season immediately following the fly ash release - and during the subsequent spring 2010 breeding season. Data generated from this and related reproductive/early life stage studies provide direct input to ecological risk assessment efforts and complement and support other phases of the overall biomonitoring program associated with the fly ash spill.

Greeley Jr, Mark Stephen [ORNL; Adams, Marshall [ORNL; McCracken, Kitty [ORNL

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Study of the effect of {sup 135}Xe poison on the temperature coefficient of TRIGA fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of the influence of {sup 135}Xe on the prompt negative temperature coefficient of the 14-MW Romanian TRIGA reactor has been performed. Because of its large absorption cross section below 0.1 eV, we expected that {sup 135}Xe might make a positive contribution to the temperature coefficient because the higher-energy neutrons are less likely to be absorbed by the Xe. This effect would be largest about 16 hours after reactor shutdown. In order to investigate this phenomenon, we have performed cell and core calculations for various fuel temperatures, burnups, and {sup 135}Xe levels. These calculations indeed show a positive contribution of {sup 135}Xe to the temperature coefficient, especially for high burnups, where little {sup 167}Er remains to absorb the higher-energy neutrons. Work is in progress to evaluate the effect of the smaller negative temperature coefficient on the consequences of reactivity insertion accidents in unfavorable situations of {sup 135}Xe poisoning of the Romanian TRIGA core. (author)

Iorgulis, Constantin [TRIGA Reactor Facility, Institute for Nuclear Research, Pitesti (Romania)

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Modeling Study of the Effect of Anthropogenic Aerosols on Late Spring Drought in South China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, the mechanisms underlying the decadal variability of late spring precipitation in south China are investigated using the latest version 1 of Community Earth System Model (CESM1). We aim to unravel the effects of different climate forcing agents, such as aerosols and greenhouse gases (GHGs), on the decadal variation of precipitation with transient experiments from pre-industry (for year 1850) to present-day (for year 2000). Our results reveal that: (1) CESM1 can reproduce the climatological features of atmospheric circulation and precipitation for the late spring in south China; (2) Only simulations including the forcing of anthropogenic aerosols can reproduce the observed decreasing trend of late spring precipitation from 1950-2000 in south China; (3) Aerosols affect the decadal change of precipitation mainly by altering the large scale atmospheric circulation, and to a less extent by increasing the lower-tropospheric stability to inhibit the convective precipitation; and (4) In comparison, other climate forcing agents, such as GHGs, have much smaller effects on the decadal change of spring precipitation in south China. Key words: precipitation, aerosols, climate change, south China, Community Earth System Model

Hu, Ning; Liu, Xiaohong

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Effects of air pollution on the respiratory health of children: a cross-sectional study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To investigate the effects of air pollution on the respiratory health of children, a subject of some controversy, a comparative study was undertaken of 2,385 school children who lived in central urban, peripheral urban, and suburban areas. Daily monitoring of sulfur dioxide and total suspended particle concentrations in all areas showed that pollutant concentrations in central and peripheral urban areas were above commonly accepted safety levels for respiratory health, while concentrations in the suburban area were within acceptable limits. A questionnaire administered to each mother assessed environmental exposure to pollutants in the household, the occurrence of respiratory symptoms as well as lung diseases as diagnosed by a physician, and general information. Children were interviewed about smoking habits and any acute respiratory symptoms. Children also performed standard lung function tests. Results showed that children from both urban areas had lessened pulmonary function and a higher prevalence of bronchial secretion with common colds than did those from the suburban area. These differences persisted after corrections for exposure to indoor pollutants, active or passive smoking, socioeconomic status, and sex. Parental cigarette smoking was related to a fall in forced expiratory volume in 1 second and an increased incidence of acute respiratory illnesses and chronic cough in children. Although boys had higher lung volumes and lower air flow, regression analysis showed no significant influence of the interactions sex-geographic area and sex-smoking on lung function. It was concluded that air pollution has a significant effect on the respiratory health of children.

Spinaci, S.; Arossa, W.; Bugiani, M.; Natale, P.; Bucca, C.; de Candussio, G.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Effectiveness and Impacts of Ecological Fiscal Transfers and Payments for Environmental Services: A Case Study of Shengnongjia National Nature Reserve  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.e. Ecological Fiscal Transfers (EFT) and Payments for Environmental Services (PES), in achieving conservation effectiveness and their economic and social impacts, through a case study on the Shengnongjia National Nature Reserve in China. It is found...

Li, Mingmei

2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

452

Investigation of the effect of a circular patch of vegetation on turbulence generation and sediment deposition using four case studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study describes the spatial distribution of sediment deposition in the wake of a circular patch of model vegetation and the effect of the patch on turbulence and mean flow. Two difference types pf vegetation were used ...

Ortiz, Alejandra C

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

POTASSIC MAGMATISM ON ST. LAWRENCE ISLAND, ALASKA, AND CAPE DEZHNEV, NORTHEAST RUSSIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 POTASSIC MAGMATISM ON ST. LAWRENCE ISLAND, ALASKA, AND CAPE DEZHNEV, NORTHEAST RUSSIA: EVIDENCE island on the Bering Shelf between Russia andAlaska and was the subject of reconnaissance investigations a syenite pluton at Cape Dezhnev on the Chukotka Peninsula of Russia. These geochemical data are used

Amato, Jeff

454

POTASSIC MAGMATISM ON ST. LAWRENCE ISLAND, ALASKA, AND CAPE DEZHNEV, NORTHEAST RUSSIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 POTASSIC MAGMATISM ON ST. LAWRENCE ISLAND, ALASKA, AND CAPE DEZHNEV, NORTHEAST RUSSIA: EVIDENCE island on the Bering Shelf between Russia andAlaska and was the subject of reconnaissance investigations a syenite pluton at Cape Dezhnev on the Chukotka Peninsula of Russia. These geo-chemical data are used

Toro, Jaime

455

Sustainable Tourism Development in the Greek Islands and the Role of Tourism research and Education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 643 - Sustainable Tourism Development in the Greek Islands and the Role of Tourism research of sustainable tourism. In the first part of our paper, we shall examine the tourist development features which contribute towards more sustainable development patterns in the Greek islands. Finally

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

456

Island formation and destruction of flux surfaces in three-dimensional MHD equilibria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe the physics involved in the appearance of islands due to resonant pressure driven currents in three-dimensional MHD equilibria. Estimates of island widths are obtained by an expansion in ..beta... The theory is applied to Princeton's heliac reference design.

Reiman, A.H.; Boozer, A.H.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Monsoon surges trigger oceanic eddy formation and propagation in the lee of the Philippine Islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wind jets and wakes in the lee of Mindoro and Luzon Islands induce the generation and migration of the winds with the topography of the islands creates strong curl patterns that spin-up a field of cyclonic to the orientation of the winds during each of the surges. Features shared by the eddies include size (100颅 200 km

458

Gravity anomalies of the Northern Hawaiian Islands: Implications on the shield evolutions of Kauai and Niihau  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gravity anomalies of the Northern Hawaiian Islands: Implications on the shield evolutions of Kauai January 2010; accepted 16 March 2010; published 31 August 2010. [1] New land and marine gravity data reveal two positive residual gravity anomalies in the Northern Hawaiian Islands: one over Kaua

Ito, Garrett

459

Taxonomic inventories and assessments of terrestrial snails on the islands of Tinian and Aguiguan in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agreement (MIPR No. M6738507POFM189) between the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and U.S. Marine Corps (Hadfield et al., 1993; Paulay, 1994). Because most of the land snails on islands are small and relatively by relatively few families, the land snails on islands of the tropical Pacific exhibit spectacular evolutionary

Mcilwain, Jenny

460

Sculpting Semiconductor Heteroepitaxial Islands: From Dots to Rods J. T. Robinson,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of routes for island array assembly [12颅15]. While some success has been achieved in producing island]. Briefly, a Si wafer is rinsed in methanol, H terminated in a dilute HF:H2O (1:10) solution, and loaded

Evans, Paul G.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia exposed on Obi Island, eastern Indonesia. Until the late Neogene, Obi formed part of the southern tectonic history of eastern Indonesia and northern New Guinea has been dominated by the punctuated

Royal Holloway, University of London

462

Tropical Forestry Researchat the USDA Forest Service's Instituteof Pacific Islands Forestry1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tropical Forestry Researchat the USDA Forest Service's Instituteof Pacific Islands Forestry1 C greater emphasis on tropical forestry management and research was provided by the International Forestry Islands Forestry in Hawaii, the Institute of Tropical Forestry in Puerto Rico, and the U S . Forest

Standiford, Richard B.

463

Secondary Voltage Unbalance Compensation for Three-Phase Four-Wire Islanded Microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as a cluster of distributed resources (DRs), i.e. distributed generation (DG), distributed storage (DSSecondary Voltage Unbalance Compensation for Three-Phase Four-Wire Islanded Microgrids Fen Tang four-wire islanded microgrid systems. It is implemented in the secondary control level of the microgrid

Vasquez, Juan Carlos

464

RELATIONSHIPS OF THE BLUE SHARK, PRZONACE GLAUCA, AND ITS PREY SPECIES NEAR SANTA CATALINA ISLAND, CALIFORNIA'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RELATIONSHIPS OF THE BLUE SHARK, PRZONACE GLAUCA, AND ITS PREY SPECIES NEAR SANTA CATALINA ISLAND the major prey for the blue shark, Prionace glauca, near Santa Catalina Island, Calif. The northern anchovy to prey behavior. The blue shark,Prionace glauca (Carcharhinidae) (Figure 11,is a pelagic carnivore

Tricas, Timothy C.

465

The Marshall Islands Journal --Friday, November 4, 2011 27 An interactive demonstration of wave-reef  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Marshall Islands Journal -- Friday, November 4, 2011 27 An interactive demonstration of wave-reef interactions at the College of the Marshall Islands was on display at this year's School of Ocean and Earth the aspects of the "oceanic fisheries program." The report's acknowledgements section recognizes Marshall

466

A SURVEY OF CIGUATERA AT ENEWETAK AND BIKINI, MARSHALL ISLANDS, WITH NOTES ON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A SURVEY OF CIGUATERA AT ENEWETAK AND BIKINI, MARSHALL ISLANDS, WITH NOTES ON THE SYSTEMATICS ofpotentially ciguatoxicfishes from Enewetak and 256 specimens of 23 species from Bikini, Marshall Islands, were. In all, 37.3% of the fishes from Enewetak and 19.7% from Bikini gave a positive reaction for ciguatoxin

467

Aerial radiological and photographic survey of eleven atolls and two islands within the Northern Marshall Islands. Dates of surveys, July-November 1978  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An aerial radiological survey was conducted over eleven atolls and two islands within the northern Marshall Islands between September and November 1978. This survey was part of a comprehensive radiological survey, which included extensive terrestrial and marine sampling, to determine possible residual contamination which might remain as a result of the United States nuclear testing program conducted at Bikini Enewetak Atolls between 1946 and 1958. A similar survey was conducted at Enewetak Atoll in 1972. The present survey covered those atolls known to have received direct fallout from the Bravo event, conducted in March 1954 at Bikini Atoll. These included Bikini, Rongelap, Rongerik, Ailinginae, Bikar, Taka, and Utirik Atolls. In addition, several atolls and islands which might have been at the fringes of the Bravo fallout were also surveyed, including Likiep and Ailuk Atolls, Jemo and Mejit Islands, and Wotho Atoll. Ujelang Atoll, which lies approximately 200 km southwest of Enewetak, was also surveyed. Island-averaged terrestrial exposure rates in the range of 30 to 50 ..mu..R/h were observed over parts of Bikini Atoll, including Bikini Island, and over the northern part of Rongelap Atoll. Levels over southern Rongelap and over Rongerik Atoll ranged from 4 to 7 ..mu..R/h. Levels were somewhat lower at Ailinginae Atoll (approximately 2 ..mu..R/h) and at Utirik Atoll (approximately 0.7 ..mu..R/h). The variations observed were consistent with what might be expected from the fallout pattern of the Bravo event. Levels at Ailuk, Likiep, Wotho and Ujelang Atolls and at Mejit and Jemo Islands were consistent with /sup 137/Cs activity, due to worldwide fallout, observed within the United States and at other locations in the central Pacific. These four atolls and the two islands, therefore, do not appear to have recieved any significant direct contamination from the Bravo event or the other tests conducted at Bikini and Enewetak Atolls.

Not Available

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

A study of the effects of rate and frequency of loading on the stress-strain characteristics of granular soils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF RATE AND FREQUENCY OF LOADING ON THE STRESS-STRAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF GRANULAR SOILS A Thesis By James Clyde Armstrong Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1962 Major Subject: Civil Engineering A STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF RATE AND FREQUENCY OF LOADING ON THE STRESS-STRAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF GRANULAR SOILS A Thesis By James Clyde...

Armstrong, James Clyde

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Studies on the effect of heading back and chemical treatments of vegetative and fruiting response of pecans Carya illinoensis (Wag.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDIES ON THE EFFECT OF HEADING BACK AND CHEMICAL TREATMENTS ON VEGETATIVE AND FRUITING RESPONSE OF PECANS CARYA ILLINOENSIS (WAG. ) A Thesis RONALD FRED HOOKS Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER QF SCIENCE January l966 Major Subject: Horticulture STUDIES ON THE EFFECT OF HEADING BACK AND CHEMICAL TREATMENTS ON VEGETATIVE AND FRUITING RESPONSE OF PECANS CARYA ILLINOENSIS (WAG. ) A The...

Hooks, Ronald Fred

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Modeling the fate and transport of nitrogen and sediment within coastal embayments on St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recent rises in resident and tourist populations on St. John in the U.S. Virgin Islands have spurred the construction of new roads and housing developments throughout much of the island. As a result, a number of ...

Walker, Jeffrey D. (Jeffrey Douglas)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Concentrations of radionuclides in reef and lagoon pelagic fish from the Marshall Islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A radiological survey was conducted from September through November of 1978 to assess the concentrations of persistent man-made radionuclides in the terrestrial and marine environments of 11 atolls and 2 islands of the Northern Marshall Islands. The atolls and islands include Rongelap, Utirik, Taka, Bikar, Rongerik, Ailinginae, Likiep, Jemo, Ailuk, Mejet, Wotho, Ujelang and Bikini. Over 4000 terrestrial and marine samples were collected for radionuclide analysis from 76 different islands. Soils, vegetation, indigenous animals, and cistern and groundwater were collected from the islands. Reef fish, pelagic species, clams, lagoon water, and sediments were obtained from the lagoons. A report is given of all available concentration data for /sup 137/Cs, /sup 90/Sr, /sup 239+240/Pu, /sup 238/Pu, /sup 241/Am as well as naturally occurring /sup 40/K and other gamma emitting radionuclides in tissues and organs of different species of fish collected from the atolls.

Noshkin, V.E.; Eagle, R.J.; Wong, K.M.; Jokela, T.A.; Brunk, J.L.; Marsh, K.V.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

D{sup 0} magnetism in Ca doped narrow carbon nanotubes: First principle chirality effect study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Curvature has always had crucial effects on the physical properties of narrow carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and here spin-polarized density functional calculations were employed to study electronic and magnetic properties of calcium-decorated narrow (5,5) and (9,0)CNTs with close diameters (?7?) and different chiralities. Our results showed that chirality had great impact on the electronic structure and magnetization of the doped CNTs. In addition, internally or externally doping of the calcium atoms was studied comparatively and although for the (9,0)CNT the internal doping was the most stable configuration, which involves a novel kind of spin-polarization originated from Ca-4s electrons, but for the (5,5)tube the external doping was the most stable one without any spin-polarization. On the other hand, calcium doping in the center of the (5,5)CNT was an endothermic process and led to the spin-polarization of unoccupied Ca-3d orbitals via direct exchange interaction between adjacent Ca atoms. In the considered systems, the existence of magnetization in the absence of any transition-metal elements was an example of valuable d{sup 0} magnetism title.

Hajiheidari, F.; Khoshnevisan, B., E-mail: b.khosh@kashanu.ac.ir [Faculty of Physics, University of Kashan, Kashan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Hashemifar, S. J. [Faculty of Physics, Isfahan University of technology, 84156-83111 Isfahan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

473

An analysis of uranium dispersal and health effects using a Gulf War case study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The study described in this report used mathematical modeling to estimate health risks from exposure to depleted uranium (DU) during the 1991 Gulf War for both U.S. troops and nearby Iraqi civilians. The analysis found that the risks of DU-induced leukemia or birth defects are far too small to result in an observable increase in these health effects among exposed veterans or Iraqi civilians. Only a few veterans in vehicles accidentally struck by U.S. DU munitions are predicted to have inhaled sufficient quantities of DU particulate to incur any significant health risk (i.e., the possibility of temporary kidney damage from the chemical toxicity of uranium and about a 1% chance of fatal lung cancer). The health risk to all downwind civilians is predicted to be extremely small. Recommendations for monitoring are made for certain exposed groups. Although the study found fairly large calculational uncertainties, the models developed and used are generally valid. The analysis was also used to assess potential uranium health hazards for workers in the weapons complex. No illnesses are projected for uranium workers following standard guidelines; nonetheless, some research suggests that more conservative guidelines should be considered.

Marshall, Albert Christian

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Study on the effect of target on plasma parameters of magnetron sputtering discharge plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, the effect of magnetron target on different plasma parameters of Argon/Hydrogen (Ar - H{sub 2}) direct current (DC) magnetron discharge is examined. Here, Copper (Cu) and Chromium (Cr) are used as magnetron targets. The value of plasma parameters such as electron temperature (kT{sub e}), electron density (N{sub e}), ion density (N{sub i}), degree of ionization of Ar, and degree of dissociation of H{sub 2} for both the target are studied as a function of input power and hydrogen content in the discharge. The plasma parameters are determined by using Langmuir probe and Optical emission spectroscopy. On the basis of the different reactions in the gas phase, the variation of plasma parameters and sputtering rate are explained. The obtained results show that electron and ion density decline with gradual addition of Hydrogen in the discharge and increase with rising input power. It brings significant changes on the degree of ionization of Ar and dissociation of H{sub 2}. The enhanced value of electron density (N{sub e}), ion density (N{sub i}), degree of Ionization of Ar, and degree of dissociation of H{sub 2} for Cr compared to Cu target is explained on the basis of it's higher Ion Induced Secondary Electron Emission Coefficient (ISEE) value.

Saikia, P.; Kakati, B.; Saikia, B. K. [Centre of Plasma Physics, Institute for Plasma Research, Nazirakhat, Sonapur-782 402, Kamrup, Assam (India)] [Centre of Plasma Physics, Institute for Plasma Research, Nazirakhat, Sonapur-782 402, Kamrup, Assam (India)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

475

The importance of context in delivering effective EIA: Case studies from East Africa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reviews and compares the condition of the environmental impact assessment (EIA) system in three countries in the East Africa region: Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania. The criteria used for the evaluation and the comparison of each system are based on the elements of the legal, administrative and procedural frameworks, as well as the context in which they operate. These criteria are adapted from the evaluation and quality control criteria derived from a number of literature sources. The study reveals that the EIA systems of Kenya and Tanzania are at a similar stage in their development. The two countries, the first to introduce the EIA concept into their jurisdiction in this part of Africa, therefore have more experience than Rwanda in the practice of environmental impact assessment, where the legislation and process requires more time to mature both from the governmental and societal perspective. The analysis of the administrative and procedural frameworks highlights the weakness in the autonomy of the competent authority, in all three countries. Finally a major finding of this study is that the contextual set up i.e. the socio-economic and political situation plays an important role in the performance of an EIA system. The context in developing countries is very different from developed countries where the EIA concept originates. Interpreting EIA conditions in countries like Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania requires that the analysis for determining the effectiveness of their systems should be undertaken within a relevant framework, taking into account the specific requirements of those countries.

Marara, Madeleine; Okello, Nick; Kuhanwa, Zainab; Douven, Wim; Beevers, Lindsay, E-mail: l.beevers@hw.ac.uk; Leentvaar, Jan

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

476

Numerical study of the direct pressure effect of acoustic waves in planar premixed flames  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently the unsteady response of 1-D premixed flames to acoustic pressure waves for the range of frequencies below and above the inverse of the flame transit time was investigated experimentally using OH chemiluminescence Wangher (2008). They compared the frequency dependence of the measured response to the prediction of an analytical model proposed by Clavin et al. (1990), derived from the standard flame model (one-step Arrhenius kinetics) and to a similar model proposed by McIntosh (1991). Discrepancies between the experimental results and the model led to the conclusion that the standard model does not provide an adequate description of the unsteady response of real flames and that it is necessary to investigate more realistic chemical models. Here we follow exactly this suggestion and perform numerical studies of the response of lean methane flames using different reaction mechanisms. We find that the global flame response obtained with both detailed chemistry (GRI3.0) and a reduced multi-step model by Peters (1996) lies slightly above the predictions of the analytical model, but is close to experimental results. We additionally used an irreversible one-step Arrhenius reaction model and show the effect of the pressure dependence of the global reaction rate in the flame response. Our results suggest first that the current models have to be extended to capture the amplitude and phase results of the detailed mechanisms, and second that the correlation between the heat release and the measured OH* chemiluminescence should be studied deeper. (author)

Schmidt, H. [BTU Cottbus, Siemens-Halske-Ring 14, D-03046 Cottbus (Germany); Jimenez, C. [Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnologicas, Avenida Complutense, 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

477

FIGURE 1 Map of Britain and Ireland showing the main islands men-tioned in the text.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Publishing Group). Rautner, M., M. Hardiono, and R.J. Alfred. 2005. Borneo: Treasure Island at risk. Status

Gillespie, Rosemary

478

Study of Collective Effects for the PEP Low-Emittance Optics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental studies have been performed on the PEP storage ring run at 7.1 GeV in the low-emittance mode. The motivation for this work is to explore the capability of PEP as a dedicated synchrotron radiation source. The long straight sections and low emittance available at PEP make its use for this purpose very attractive, and would produce a source of very high brightness x-ray beams for the scientific community. During the studies, single-bunch current limitations were measured as a function of RF voltage. Thresholds were in the range of 1-2 mA per bunch, which is lower than expected based upon transverse impedance estimates from the PEP collider optics. An increase in threshold current by about 50% was realized by modifying the optics to reduce the magnitude of the horizontal beta functions in the straight sections and at the RF locations. The reason for the lower than expected thresholds has not been resolved. To permit its effective use as a synchrotron radiation source, a beam current of 50-100 mA is desired, which will require that PEP be run in the multibunch mode. Our goal in this study was to investigate the multibunch operating mode to ascertain that reasonable beam intensities were possible. By utilizing many low intensity (0.1-0.25 mA) bunches, stable and reproducible currents of 15-20 mA were achieved. In an attempt to improve this value, one of the idle RF stations was operated in a tune-splitting mode, with only partial success. By adjusting the tuner positions of the unused RF stations, up to 33 mA was ultimately stored, albeit with some evidence for instability. Possible approaches to improving the multibunch stability are discussed.

Zisman, M.S.; Borland, M.; Galayda, J.; Jackson, A.; Kramer, S.; Winick, H.

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Eighty-eight historical and present-day maps of Saint-Domingue/Haiti, its sites, towns, and islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Mart ial 31 Col lege St. Louis 32 de Gonzague 33 Church of St. Anne Hotel Splendid 34 Church of Sacrd Coeur 35 Marche de Fer ( I r on Marke t ) Batterie St.Clair Hotel de France Banque Nat ionale Dan A l i ens Restaurant Fort D imanche Fort...Occasional Paper N 20 Bryant C. Freeman Eighty-Eight Historical and Present-Day Maps of Saint-Domingue/Haiti, its Sites, Towns, and Islands Institute of Haitian Studies University of Kansas Occasional Paper N 20 Bryant C. Freeman Eighty...

Freeman, Bryant C.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Review of Destructive Assay Methods for Nuclear Materials Characterization from the Three Mile Island (TMI) Fuel Debris  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides a summary of the literature review that was performed and based on previous work performed at the Idaho National Laboratory studying the Three Mile Island 2 (TMI-2) nuclear reactor accident, specifically the melted fuel debris. The purpose of the literature review was to document prior published work that supports the feasibility of the analytical techniques that were developed to provide quantitative results of the make-up of the fuel and reactor component debris located inside and outside the containment. The quantitative analysis provides a technique to perform nuclear fuel accountancy measurements

Carla J. Miller

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island effect study" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Absolute orientation-dependent anisotropic TiN,,111... island step energies and stiffnesses from shape fluctuation analyses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Absolute orientation-dependent anisotropic TiN,,111... island step energies and stiffnesses from fluctuations about the anisotropic equilibrium shape of two-dimensional TiN 111 adatom and vacancy islands on atomically smooth TiN 111 terraces. The equilibrium island shape was found to be a truncated hexagon bounded

Khare, Sanjay V.

482

Large electric field induced strains in ferroelectric islands J. X. Zhang, G. Sheng, and L. Q. Chen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Large electric field induced strains in ferroelectric islands J. X. Zhang, G. Sheng, and L. Q. Chen electric field induced strains in ferroelectric islands J. X. Zhang,a G. Sheng, and L. Q. Chen Department mechanism that generates large recoverable electric field induced strains in ferroelectric islands

Chen, Long-Qing

483

Impacts of the Norway Rat on the auklet breeding colony at Sirius Point, Kiska Island, Alaska in 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impacts of the Norway Rat on the auklet breeding colony at Sirius Point, Kiska Island, Alaska of the Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus) onto Kiska Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska, in the 1940s (Murie 1959 and to investigate the biology and demography of the Norway rat population. Moors and Atkinson (1984) suggested

Jones, Ian L.

484

Abstract--The mainly used islanding detection techniques may be classified as active and passive techniques. Passive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of distributed generation (DG), when the passive technique cannot have a clear discrimination between islanding islanding of distribution systems with DGs. Index Terms-- Distributed generation, islanding detection, real power shift, voltage change. I. INTRODUCTION here is a renewed interest in the distributed generation

Mahat, Pukar

485

Laboratory Studies of the Effects of Static and Variable Magnetic Fields on Freshwater Fish  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is considerable interest in the development of marine and hydrokinetic energy projects in rivers, estuaries, and coastal ocean waters of the United States. Hydrokinetic (HK) technologies convert the energy of moving water in river or tidal currents into electricity, without the impacts of dams and impoundments associated with conventional hydropower or the extraction and combustion of fossil fuels. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) maintains a database that displays the geographical distribution of proposed HK projects in inland and tidal waters (FERC 2012). As of March 2012, 77 preliminary permits had been issued to private developers to study HK projects in inland waters, the development of which would total over 8,000 MW. Most of these projects are proposed for the lower Mississippi River. In addition, the issuance of another 27 preliminary permits for HK projects in inland waters, and 3 preliminary permits for HK tidal projects (totaling over 3,100 MW) were under consideration by FERC. Although numerous HK designs are under development (see DOE 2009 for a description of the technologies and their potential environmental effects), the most commonly proposed projects entail arrays of rotating devices, much like submerged wind turbines, that are positioned in the high-velocity (high energy) river channels. The many diverse HK designs imply a diversity of environmental impacts, but a potential impact common to most is the effect on aquatic organisms of electromagnetic fields (EMF) created by the projects. The submerged electrical generator will emit an EMF into the surrounding water, as will underwater cables used to transmit electricity from the generator to the shore, between individual units in an array (inter-turbine cables), and between the array and a submerged step-up transformer. The electric current moving through these cables will induce magnetic fields in the immediate vicinity, which may affect the behavior or viability of fish and benthic invertebrates (Gill et al. 2005, 2009). It is known that numerous marine and freshwater organisms are sensitive to electrical and magnetic fields, often depending on them for such diverse activities as prey location and navigation (DOE 2009; Normandeau et al. 2011). Despite the wide range of aquatic organisms that are sensitive to EMF and the increasing numbers of underwater electrical transmitting cables being installed in rivers and coastal waters, little information is available to assess whether animals will be attracted, repelled, or unaffected by these new sources of EMF. This knowledge gap is especially significant for freshwater systems, where electrosensitive organisms such as paddlefish and sturgeon may interact with electrical transmission cables. We carried out a series of laboratory experiments to test the sensitivity of freshwater fish and invertebrates to the levels of EMF that are expected to be produced by HK projects in rivers. In this context, EM fields are likely to be emitted primarily by generators in the water column and by transmission cables on or buried in the substrate. The HK units will be located in areas of high-velocity waters that are used as only temporary habitats for most riverine species, so long-term exposure of fish and benthic invertebrates to EMF is unlikely. Rather, most aquatic organisms will be briefly exposed to the fields as they drift downstream or migrate upstream. Because the exposure of most aquatic organisms to EMF in a river would be relatively brief and non-lethal, we focused our investigations on detecting behavioral effects. For example, attraction to the EM fields could result in prolonged exposures to the fields or the HK rotor. On the other hand, avoidance reactions might hinder upstream migrations of fish. The experiments reported here are a continuation of studies begun in FY 2010, which focused on the potential effects of static magnetic fields on snails, clams, and fathead minnows (Cada et al. 2011). Those experiments found little indication that the behaviors of these freshwater species were a

Cada, Glenn F [ORNL; Bevelhimer, Mark S [ORNL; Fortner, Allison M [ORNL; Riemer, Kristina P [ORNL; Schweizer, Peter E [ORNL

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Numerical study of the effect of oxygenated blending compounds on soot formation in shock tubes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This numerical study deals with the influence of blends on the amount of soot formed in shock tubes, which were simulated by assuming a homogeneous plug flow reactor model. For this purpose, first, the reaction model used here was validated against experimental results previously obtained in the literature. Then, the soot volume fractions of various mixtures of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE)-benzene, isobutene-benzene, methanol-benzene, and ethanol-benzene diluted in argon were simulated and compared to the results of benzene-argon pyrolysis at 1721 K and 5.4 MPa. For MTBE, isobutene, methanol, and ethanol, small amounts of additives to benzene-argon mixtures promoted soot formation, for the shock tube model assumed, while higher concentrations of these additives led to smaller soot volume fractions in comparison to pure benzene-argon pyrolysis. The most significant soot promotion effect was found for the additives MTBE and isobutene. The channel for MTBE decomposition producing isobutene and methanol is very effective at temperatures beyond 1200 K. Thus, both MTBE-benzene and isobutene-benzene mixtures diluted in argon showed rather similar behavior in regard to soot formation. Special emphasis was directed toward the causes for the concentration-dependent influence of the blends on the amount of soot formed. Aromatic hydrocarbons and acetylene were identified as key gas-phase species that determine the trends in the formation of soot of various mixtures. From reaction flux analysis for phenanthrene, it was deduced that the combinative routes including phenyl species play a major role in forming PAHs, especially at early reaction times. It is found that the additives play an important role in providing material to grow side chains, such as by reaction channels including phenylacetylene or benzyl, which are confirmed to form aromatic hydrocarbons and thus to influence the amount of soot formed, particularly when the concentrations of the blends are increased. (author)

Boehm, H. [Physikalische Chemie I, Universitaet Bielefeld (Germany); Braun-Unkhoff, M. [Deutsches Zentrum fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V., Stuttgart (Germany)

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

487

Comparative study of the alloying effect on the initial oxidation of Cu-Au(100) and Cu-Pt(100)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using in situ transmission electron microscopy, we show that the oxidation of the Cu-Au(100) results in the formation of Cu{sub 2}O islands that deeply embed into the Cu-Au substrate while the oxidation of the Cu-Pt(100) leads to the formation of Cu{sub 2}O islands that highly protrude above the Cu-Pt substrate. Their difference is attributed to the different mobilities of Pt and Au in the Cu base alloys for which the sluggish mobility of Pt in Cu results in trapped Pt atoms at the oxide/alloy interface while the faster mobility of Au in Cu leads to enhanced rehomogenization of the alloy composition.

Luo, Langli; Zhou, Guangwen, E-mail: gzhou@binghamton.edu [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Multidisciplinary Program in Materials Science and Engineering, State University of New York, Binghamton, New York 13902 (United States); Kang, Yihong [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261 (United States); Yang, Judith C. [Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261 (United States); Su, Dong; Stach, Eric A. [Center for Functional Nanomaterials, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

488

Balance of Nanostructure and Bimetallic Interactions in Pt Model Fuel Cell Catalysts: An in Situ XAS and DFT Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have studied the effect of nanostructuring in Pt monolayer model electrocatalysts on a Rh(111) single-crystal substrate on the adsorption strength of chemisorbed species. In situ high energy resolution fluorescence detection X-ray absorption spectroscopy at the Pt L(3) edge reveals characteristic changes of the shape and intensity of the 'white-line' due to chemisorption of atomic hydrogen (H(ad)) at low potentials and oxygen-containing species (O/OH(ad)) at high potentials. On a uniform, two-dimensional Pt monolayer grown by Pt evaporation in ultrahigh vacuum, we observe a significant destabilization of both H(ad) and O/OH(ad) due to strain and ligand effects induced by the underlying Rh(111) substrate. When Pt is deposited via a wet-chemical route, by contrast, three-dimensional Pt islands are formed. In this case, strain and Rh ligand effects are balanced with higher local thickness of the Pt islands as well as higher defect density, shifting H and OH adsorption energies back toward pure Pt. Using density functional theory, we calculate O adsorption energies and corresponding local ORR activities for fcc 3-fold hollow sites with various local geometries that are present in the three-dimensional Pt islands.

Friebel, Daniel; Viswanathan, Venkatasubramanian; Miller, Daniel James; Anniyev, Toyli; Ogasawara, Hirohito; Larsen, Ask Hjorth; O'Grady, Christopher P.; Norskov, Jens K.; Nilsson, Anders

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

489

Numerical Simulation of Squeeze Film Dampers and Study of the Effect of Central Groove on the Dynamic Pressure Distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The behavior of dynamic pressure profiles at different operating conditions, and the effect of a central groove on dynamic pressure profiles were also studied. Simulation results of a 3D case which is similar to the one experimentally studied by Delgado were...

Boppa, Praneetha

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

490

On the effect of the steady-state approximation in time-space composite studies of mesoscale convective systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON THE EFFECT OF THE STRA 'Y-STATE APPROXIMATION IN TIME-SPACE COMPOSITE STUDIES OF MESOSCALE CONVECTIVE SYSTEMS A Thesis KEVIN MORGAN MATTISON Subnitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillnent... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Decenber 1992 Major Subject: Meteorology ON THE EFFECT OF THE STEADY-STATE APPROXINATIOH IN TIME-SPACE COMPOSITE STUDIES OF NESOSCALE COHVECTIVE SYSTENS A Thesis KEVIN MORGAN NATTISOH Approved as to style...

Mattison, Kevin Morgan

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Feasibility of Tidal and Ocean Current Energy in False Pass, Aleutian Islands, Alaska FINAL REPORT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Aleutian Pribilof Islands Association was awarded a U.S. Department of Energy Tribal Energy Program grant (DE-EE0005624) for the Feasibility of Tidal and Ocean Current Energy in False Pass, Aleutian Islands, Alaska (Project). The goal of the Project was to perform a feasibility study to determine if a tidal energy project would be a viable means to generate electricity and heat to meet long-term fossil fuel use reduction goals, specifically to produce at least 30% of the electrical and heating needs of the tribally-owned buildings in False Pass. The Project Team included the Aleut Region organizations comprised of the Aleutian Pribilof Island Association (APIA), and Aleutian Pribilof Island Community Development Association (APICDA); the University of Alaska Anchorage, ORPC Alaska a wholly-owned subsidiary of Ocean Renewable Power Company (ORPC), City of False Pass, Benthic GeoScience, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The following Project objectives were completed: collected existing bathymetric, tidal, and ocean current data to develop a basic model of current circulation at False Pass, measured current velocities at two sites for a full lunar cycle to establish the viability of the current resource, collected data on transmission infrastructure, electrical loads, and electrical generation at False Pass, performed economic analysis based on current costs of energy and amount of energy anticipated from and costs associated with the tidal energy project conceptual design and scoped environmental issues. Utilizing circulation modeling, the Project Team identified two target sites with strong potential for robust tidal energy resources in Isanotski Strait and another nearer the City of False Pass. In addition, the Project Team completed a survey of the electrical infrastructure, which identified likely sites of interconnection and clarified required transmission distances from the tidal energy resources. Based on resource and electrical data, the Project Team developed a conceptual tidal energy project design utilizing ORPC抯 TidGen Power System. While the Project Team has not committed to ORPC technology for future development of a False Pass project, this conceptual design was critical to informing the Project抯 economic analysis. The results showed that power from a tidal energy project could be provided to the City of False at a rate at or below the cost of diesel generated electricity and sold to commercial customers at rates competitive with current market rates, providing a stable, flat priced, environmentally sound alternative to the diesel generation currently utilized for energy in the community. The Project Team concluded that with additional grants and private investment a tidal energy project at False Pass is well-positioned to be the first tidal energy project to be developed in Alaska, and the first tidal energy project to be interconnected to an isolated micro grid in the world. A viable project will be a model for similar projects in coastal Alaska.

Wright, Bruce Albert [Aleutian Pribilof Islands Association] [Aleutian Pribilof Islands Association

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

492

Methyl-CpG island-associated genome signature tags  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a method for analyzing the organismic complexity of a sample through analysis of the nucleic acid in the sample. In the disclosed method, through a series of steps, including digestion with a type II restriction enzyme, ligation of capture adapters and linkers and digestion with a type IIS restriction enzyme, genome signature tags are produced. The sequences of a statistically significant number of the signature tags are determined and the sequences are used to identify and quantify the organisms in the sample. Various embodiments of the invention described herein include methods for using single point genome signature tags to analyze the related families present in a sample, methods for analyzing sequences associated with hyper- and hypo-methylated CpG islands, methods for visualizing organismic complexity change in a sampling location over time and methods for generating the genome signature tag profile of a sample of fragmented DNA.

Dunn, John J

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

493

Waste-to-Energy Evaluation: U.S. Virgin Islands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This NREL technical report evaluates the environmental impact and fundamental economics of waste-to-energy (WTE) technology based on available data from commercially operating WTE facilities in the United States. In particular, it considers life-cycle impacts of WTE as compared to landfill disposal and various forms of electrical generation, as well as WTE impacts on source reduction or recycling programs. In addition, it evaluates the economics and potential environmental impact of WTE in the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) based on existing USVI waste stream characterization data, recycling challenges unique to the USVI, and the results of cost and environmental modeling of four municipal solid waste (MSW) management options, including landfill, refuse-derived fuel (RDF) production, recycling, and gassification plus RDF.

Davis, J.; Hasse, S.; Warren, A.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Rock Island Dam Smolt Monitoring; 1996 Annual Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Downstream migrating salmon and steelhead (Oncoryhnchus spp.) smolts were monitored at the Rock Island Dam bypass trap from April 1--August 31, 1996. This was the twelfth consecutive year that the bypass trap was monitored. Data collected included: (1) number of fish collected by species, (2) number of fin clipped and/or Passive Integrated Transponder (PIT) tagged fish caught by species, (3) total number of fish showing signs of gas bubble trauma (GBT), (4) percent of descaled fish, and (5) daily average river flow, powerhouse {number_sign}1 flow, powerhouse {number_sign}2 flow and daily average spill. These data were transmitted to the Fish Passage Center (FPC), which manages the Smolt Monitoring Program throughout the Columbia River Basin. The Smolt Monitoring Program is used to manage the water budget, releasing upstream reservoir water storage allocated to supplement river flows during the downstream migration of juvenile salmonids.

McDonald, Robert (Chelan County Public Utility District No. 1, Power Operations Department, Wenatchee, WA)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Accident at Three Mile Island: the human dimensions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A separate abstract was prepared for each of the 19 chapters, divided according to the following Parts: (1) Public Perceptions of Nuclear Energy; (2) Local Responses to Nuclear Plants; (3) Institutional Responsibilities for Nuclear Energy; (4) The Interaction of Social and Technical Systems; and (5) Implications for Public Policy. All of the abstracts will appear in Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis (EAPA); three will appear in Energy Research Abstracts (ERA). At the request of the President's Commission on the Accident at Three Mile Island (the Kemeny Commission), the Social Science Research Council commissioned social scientists to write a series of papers on the human dimensions of the event. This volume includes those papers, in revised and expanded form, and a comprehensive bibliography of published and unpublished social science research on the accident and its aftermath.

Sills, D.L.; Wolf, C.P.; Shelanski, V.B. (eds.)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Magnetism and magnetocaloric effect in multicomponent Laves-phase compounds: Study and comparative analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a review and results of comparative study of the influence of Gd on some physical properties of (R{sub 0.9}R?{sub 0.1}){sub 1?x}Gd{sub x}Co{sub 2} solid solutions with R=Dy, Ho and R?=Er, Ho and x varied from 0.05 to 0.15. Powder X-ray diffraction analysis performed at room temperature revealed that all studied solid solutions solidify with the formation of a Laves-phase MgCu{sub 2}-type structure (space group Fd?3m). The magnetization behavior and the magnetic transition are analyzed in terms of the Landau theory. The studies of magnetic properties and heat capacity showed that a relatively small Gd addition significantly increases T{sub C} of the compounds. The maximum percentage increase in T{sub C}, namely, ?43% was observed for (Ho{sub 0.9}Er{sub 0.1}){sub 1?x}Gd{sub x}Co{sub 2}. However, the highest temperature was noted for the (Dy{sub 0.9}Ho{sub 0.1}){sub 0.85}Gd{sub 0.15}Co{sub 2} solid solution; it is T{sub C}=183.4 K. Below the ordering temperature, all samples are ferrimagnetically ordered; at high temperatures, they are Curie朩eiss paramagnets. Moreover, a small Gd addition eliminates the field-induced magnetic transition near T{sub C} and, as consequence, transforms the nature of magnetic transition from the first- to second-order. The magnetocaloric effect has been estimated in terms of both isothermal magnetic entropy and adiabatic temperature changes. The highest adiabatic temperature change ?T{sub ad}=3 K and highest isothermal entropy change ?S{sub mag}=12.1 J/kg K were observed for (Ho{sub 0.9}Er{sub 0.1}){sub 0.95}Gd{sub 0.05}Co{sub 2} at ?90 K in magnetic fields of 2 T and 3 T, respectively. A decrease in the entropy change has been observed with increasing Gd content in all studied samples. The smallest values of ?S{sub mag} were observed for the (Dy{sub 0.9}Ho{sub 0.1}){sub 1?x}Gd{sub x}Co{sub 2} solid solutions. Under an external field change of from 0 to 3 T, the maximum entropy change for (Dy{sub 0.9}Ho{sub 0.1}){sub 1?x}Gd{sub x}Co{sub 2} compounds decreases from 6.9 at x=0.054.3 J/kg K at x=0.15. The refrigerant capacity for all solid solutions (with 0.05?x?0.15) is reported. The effect of increasing Gd content in the solid solutions on their magnetic and magnetocaloric properties is discussed. - Graphical abstract: Temperature dependencies of ?T{sub ad} induced by 祘sub 0}H=1 and 2 T in (a) (Ho{sub 0.9}Er{sub 0.1}){sub 1?x}Gd{sub x}Co{sub 2} and (b) (Dy{sub 0.9}Er{sub 0.1}){sub 1?x}Gd{sub x}Co{sub 2} solid solutions. Display Omitted.

?wik, J., E-mail: cwikjac@ml.pan.wroc.pl

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

497

Chernobyl Studies Project - working group 7.0 environmental transport and health effects. Progress report, October 1993--January 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The DOE-funded Chernobyl Studies Project was begun as part of a cooperative agreement between the US and the former USSR, (quote) To develop jointly methods to project rapidly the health effects of any future reactor accident (quote). Most of the initial tasks for this project are completed or near completion. The focus has now turned primarily to the issue of health effects from the Chernobyl accident. Currently, we are extensively engaged in case-control and cohort studies of thyroid diseases among Belarussian children and in the Ukraine. A major part of the effort is providing methods and applications of dose reconstruction and providing support and equipment for the medical teams. This document contains reports on progress in the following task areas: Management; External Dose; Hydrological Transport; Chromosome Painting Dosimetry; Stochastic Effects; Thyroid Studies; and Leukemia Studies.

Hendrickson, S.M. [ed.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Effect of graphite properties in thermal analysis of CHTR: A parametric study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Compact High Temperature Reactor (CHTR) is a {sup 233}U-Thorium fuelled, lead-bismuth cooled reactor. The CHTR core mainly consists of graphite and beryllium oxide (BeO). The CHTR core consists of nineteen prismatic beryllium oxide (BeO) moderator blocks. These 19 blocks contain centrally located graphite fuel tubes. The BeO moderator blocks are surrounded by reflector blocks (partially graphite and partially BeO). The nuclear heat from the core is removed passively by natural circulation of the coolant between top and bottom plenums, upward through the fuel tubes and returning through the downcomer tubes at the periphery. The temperature gradient in fuel tubes, downcomer tubes and BeO is very high and therefore, to take care of the differential thermal expansion, gaps are provided in the core between the tubes and other core components. These gaps affect the heat transfer through the core in radial direction. In addition, there is a large variation in thermal properties of graphite which in turn affects the thermal behaviour of the core in various operating conditions. The fuel of CHTR is TRISO coated particle fuel. These particles are packed in with graphite powder as matrix and made into cylindrical compacts these compacts are packed in the bores of fuel tube. In this study, the effect of the thermal conductivity variation of the graphite on the temperature distribution of the core and density variation of the matrix graphite material in fuel compact on the maximum fuel kernel temperature is studied along with the overall role of graphite properties variation in heat transfer.

Kaushik, Ankur; Basak, Abhishek; Dulera, I. V.; Vijayan, P. K. [Reactor Engineering Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai-400 085 (India)

2013-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

499

Quantitative study of fluctuation effects by fast lattice Monte Carlo simulations: Compression of grafted homopolymers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using fast lattice Monte Carlo (FLMC) simulations [Q. Wang, Soft Matter 5, 4564 (2009)] and the corresponding lattice self-consistent field (LSCF) calculations, we studied a model system of grafted homopolymers, in both the brush and mushroom regimes, in an explicit solvent compressed by an impenetrable surface. Direct comparisons between FLMC and LSCF results, both of which are based on the same Hamiltonian (thus without any parameter-fitting between them), unambiguously and quantitatively reveal the fluctuations/correlations neglected by the latter. We studied both the structure (including the canonical-ensemble averages of the height and the mean-square end-to-end distances of grafted polymers) and thermodynamics (including the ensemble-averaged reduced energy density and the related internal energy per chain, the differences in the Helmholtz free energy and entropy per chain from the uncompressed state, and the pressure due to compression) of the system. In particular, we generalized the method for calculating pressure in lattice Monte Carlo simulations proposed by Dickman [J. Chem. Phys. 87, 2246 (1987)], and combined it with the Wang-Landau朞ptimized Ensemble sampling [S. Trebst, D. A. Huse, and M. Troyer, Phys. Rev. E 70, 046701 (2004)] to efficiently and accurately calculate the free energy difference and the pressure due to compression. While we mainly examined the effects of the degree of compression, the distance between the nearest-neighbor grafting points, the reduced number of chains grafted at each grafting point, and the system fluctuations/correlations in an athermal solvent, the ?-solvent is also considered in some cases.

Zhang, Pengfei; Wang, Qiang, E-mail: q.wang@colostate.edu [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523-1370 (United States)] [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523-1370 (United States)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

500

Final report on Weeks Island Monitoring Phase : 1999 through 2004.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Final Report on the Monitoring Phase of the former Weeks Island Strategic Petroleum Reserve crude oil storage facility details the results of five years of monitoring of various surface accessible quantities at the decommissioned facility. The Weeks Island mine was authorized by the State of Louisiana as a Strategic Petroleum Reserve oil storage facility from 1979 until decommissioning of the facility in 1999. Discovery of a sinkhole over the facility in 1992 with freshwater inflow to the facility threatened the integrity of the oil storage and led to the decision to remove the oil, fill the chambers with brine, and decommission the facility. Thereafter, a monitoring phase, by agreement between the Department of Energy and the State, addressed facility stability and environmental concerns. Monitoring of the surface ground water and the brine of the underground chambers from the East Fill Hole produced no evidence of hydrocarbon contamination, which suggests that any unrecovered oil remaining in the underground chambers has been contained. Ever diminishing progression of the initial major sinkhole, and a subsequent minor sinkhole, with time was verification of the response of sinkholes to filling of the facility with brine. Brine filling of the facility ostensively eliminates any further growth or new formation from freshwater inflow. Continued monitoring of sinkhole response, together with continued surface surveillance for environmental problems, confirmed the intended results of brine pressurization. Surface subsidence measurements over the mine continued throughout the monitoring phase. And finally, the outward flow of brine was monitored as a measure of the creep closure of the mine chambers. Results of each of these monitoring activities are presented, with their correlation toward assuring the stability and environmental security of the decommissioned facility. The results suggest that the decommissioning was successful and no contamination of the surface environment by crude oil has been found.

Ehgartner, Brian L.; Munson, Darrell Eugene

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z