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  1. Carbon Bank Ireland | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ireland Jump to: navigation, search Name: Carbon Bank Ireland Place: Nevada Zip: 89411 Product: Investment bank focused on CDM projects. References: Carbon Bank Ireland1 This...

  2. Northern Ireland Electricity | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ireland Electricity Jump to: navigation, search Name: Northern Ireland Electricity Place: Belfast, United Kingdom Zip: BT9 5HT Product: NIE is reponsible for the regulated...

  3. Renewable Energy Systems (RES UK and Ireland) | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (RES UK and Ireland) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Renewable Energy Systems (RES UK and Ireland) Name: Renewable Energy Systems (RES UK and Ireland) Address: Beaufort Court Egg...

  4. Immosolar Spain | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Spain Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Immosolar Spain Name: Immosolar Spain Address: C Sigfrido 1, pl.2 of.21 Place: Barcelona, Spain Sector: Solar Product: Solar energy systems...

  5. Thessaloniki, Greece: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    administrative division in Greece. Registered Energy Companies in Thessaloniki, Greece Eco Sun Hellas Ltd Heliodomi SA MEVACO NORTH HELLAS S.A SunErgy AE THEMELIODOMI S A...

  6. Ireland: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Country Profile Name Ireland Population Unavailable GDP Unavailable Energy Consumption 0.69 Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code IE 3-letter ISO code IRL Numeric ISO...

  7. TME Spain | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    TME Spain Jump to: navigation, search Name: TME Spain Place: Spain Sector: Wind energy Product: Spanish firm TME, a privately owned company, currently holds equity investments in...

  8. Secretary Chu To Travel to Scotland and Ireland | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    series. Galway and Kildare, Ireland On Friday, the Secretary will tour Wavebob, a wave energy technologies company based in Ireland. On Saturday, November 6, Secretary Chu will...

  9. A Magnetotelluric Survey Of The Nissyros Geothermal Field (Greece...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (Greece) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: A Magnetotelluric Survey Of The Nissyros Geothermal Field (Greece) Abstract A...

  10. Barcelona, Spain: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    is city in Spain. US Recovery Act Smart Grid Projects in Barcelona, Spain DERIREC 22@Microgrid (Smart Grid Project) Registered Energy Companies in Barcelona, Spain Agrupacio...

  11. Secretary Bodman Celebrates the Opening of the Turkey-Greece

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Inter-Connector | Department of Energy the Opening of the Turkey-Greece Inter-Connector Secretary Bodman Celebrates the Opening of the Turkey-Greece Inter-Connector November 18, 2007 - 4:31pm Addthis Pipeline ushers first link between gas suppliers of Central Asia and European consumers KIPI CROSSING, GREECE - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today celebrated the opening of the Turkey-Greece Inter-Connector (TGI) pipeline, ushering the first link between the gas suppliers of Central

  12. Secretary Chu To Travel to Scotland and Ireland | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    On Friday, the Secretary will tour Wavebob, a wave energy technologies company based in ... Secretary Chu in Scotland Chu in Ireland: A Case Study in Wind Power Secretary Chu to Give ...

  13. Association of Renewable Energy Producers Spain | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy Producers Spain Jump to: navigation, search Name: Association of Renewable Energy Producers (Spain) Place: Barcelona, Spain Zip: 8008 Sector: Renewable Energy...

  14. Renewable Energies and Photovoltaics Spain S L REPS | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and Photovoltaics Spain S L REPS Jump to: navigation, search Name: Renewable Energies and Photovoltaics Spain S.L. (REPS) Place: Spain Sector: Solar Product: Spanish solar project...

  15. Undrilled New Ireland basin in Papua New Guinea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Exon, N.F.; Marlow, M.S.

    1986-07-01

    The arcuate, west-northwest-trending, mostly offshore New Ireland basin is 900 km long and about 160 km wide, and extends northeastward from Manus Island, New Hanover, and New Ireland. The basin formed in a forearc between a southerly Eocene to early Miocene volcanic arc, and a northerly outer-arc high bounding the Manus Trench. Its southern margin drops down to the back-arc Manus basin, which commenced spreading in the Pilocene. North of Manus Island, the New Ireland basin contains areas of deformed strata that have apparently been accreted to the Manus arc by south-dipping thrust faults. In places these strata are overlain by shallowly buried lava flows, which may represent attempted spreading. The sedimentary sequence in the eastern part of the basin is interpreted to contain thick Oligocene to early Miocene volcaniclastic sediments, overlain by 1000-2000 m of Miocene shelf carbonates, overlain by 2000 m of overburden. The presumed shelf carbonates could contain both source and reservoir rocks. The Lee line 401 revealed a flat, high-amplitude reflector or bright spot in an anticlinal core 1700 m beneath the seabed in water 2500 m deep off New Ireland, suggesting that hydrocarbons have been generated in New Ireland basin.

  16. Chu in Ireland: A Case Study in Wind Power | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Ireland: A Case Study in Wind Power Chu in Ireland: A Case Study in Wind Power November 5, 2010 - 5:37pm Addthis Dan Leistikow Dan Leistikow Former Director, Office of Public Affairs Secretary Chu is currently in Ireland, a country which shares many of the same energy challenges and opportunities as the United States. Like the U.S., Ireland has the potential to tap enormous renewable energy resources. In particular, Ireland has significant wind and wave power potential, and is moving quickly to

  17. Spain: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Spain: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":"ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID"...

  18. RP Global Spain S A Minicentrales | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    RP Global Spain S A Minicentrales Jump to: navigation, search Name: RP Global Spain S.A. (Minicentrales) Place: Madrid, Spain Zip: E - 28036 Product: The Spanish arm of RP Global,...

  19. Adoption and use of e-invoicing in Greece

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marinagi, C. E-mail: ptrivel@yahoo.com Trivellas, P. E-mail: ptrivel@yahoo.com Reklitis, Panagiotis E-mail: ptrivel@yahoo.com; Skourlas, C.

    2015-02-09

    This paper investigates the adoption and use of electronic invoices (e-invoices) in Greek organizations. The study attempts to evaluate current practices applied in implementing e-invoicing. A field research has been conducted, which is based on a structured questionnaire. The target sample consisted of 42 Greek enterprises. The main issues of the investigation include the existing invoice processing practices, the barriers that prevent the extended adoption and use of e-invoicing, the observed benefits from e-invoicing implementation, and the strategic drivers for transition to e-invoicing. Currently, the use of e-invoicing in Greece is low. However, the research results testify that the adoption of e-invoicing in Greece is promising. Even though, a number of enterprises state that benefits of e-invoicing are not clear yet, the majority of enterprises agree that there are crucial financial priorities that e-invoicing is expected to support.

  20. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Spain...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Spain) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EWIS European wind integration study Country Spain Coordinates 40.522152, -4.163818 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingserv...

  1. Earth plus Mars: Los Alamos National Lab partners with Spain...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Earth plus Mars: Los Alamos National Lab partners with Spain and France Earth plus Mars: Los Alamos National Lab partners with Spain and France New Mexico's role in the next...

  2. BeyWatch (Smart Grid Project) (Spain) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BeyWatch (Smart Grid Project) (Spain) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name BeyWatch Country Spain Coordinates 40.65564, -4.075928 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingse...

  3. Cameron, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Spain (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Spain (Million Cubic Feet) Cameron, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Spain (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 2,911 - No Data ...

  4. Sabine Pass, LA Exports to Spain Liquefied Natural Gas (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Spain Liquefied Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Sabine Pass, LA Exports to Spain Liquefied Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec ...

  5. The wind energy market in the U.K. and Ireland

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lindley, D.

    1996-12-31

    The market for renewable energy projects has been created in England and Wales by measures established by the Electricity Act 1989 which created the Non-Fossil Fuel Obligation (NFFO). Identical market enablement mechanisms now exist for Scotland and Northern Ireland whilst yet another version of the NFFO mechanism has been established in Ireland. As a result, the UK now has 31 operational windfarms with a total rating of 195MW whilst the completion of the first windfarm in Ireland is expected in early 1997. This paper gives details of these mechanisms and the impact they have had on the creation of a renewables market. Current expectations are that additional wind energy capacity of about 900MW will be added in the UK and Ireland by the end of the millennium. This implies a market worth between US$525 million and US$600 million in turbine sales and a total turnkey investment cost of between US$1.2 billion and US$1.5 billion. 6 refs., 8 tabs.

  6. 3atab.xlsx

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    ... Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, ...

  7. Major tanker spill off Spain under control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-12-14

    This paper reports that a 23 sq mile oil slick along Spain's northwest coast, spreading form the wreckage of the Greek oil tanker Aegean Sea, was for the most part under control as of Dec. 10, Spanish authorities reported. Various press reports put the total spill volume at 490,000 bbl, about double that leaked by the Exxon Valdez supertanker off Alaska in 1989. If initial reports of the spill volume are borne out, the Aegean Sea spill would rank at least as one of the 10 biggest tanker spills.

  8. Life Cycle Assessment of the MBT plant in Ano Liossia, Athens, Greece

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abeliotis, Konstadinos; Kalogeropoulos, Alexandros; Lasaridi, Katia

    2012-01-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We model the operation of an MBT plant in Greece based on LCA. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We compare four different MBT operating scenarios (among them and with landfilling). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Even the current operation of the MBT plant is preferable to landfilling. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Utilization of the MBT compost and metals generates the most environmental gains. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Thermal exploitation of RDF improves further the environmental performance of the plant. - Abstract: The aim of this paper is the application of Life Cycle Assessment to the operation of the MBT facility of Ano Liossia in the region of Attica in Greece. The region of Attica is home to almost half the population of Greece and the management of its waste is a major issue. In order to explicitly analyze the operation of the MBT plant, five scenarios were generated. Actual operation data of the MBT plant for the year 2008 were provided by the region of Attica and the LCA modeling was performed via the SimaPro 5.1 software while impact assessment was performed utilizing the Eco-indicator'99 method. The results of our analysis indicate that even the current operation of the MBT plant is preferable to landfilling. Among the scenarios of MBT operation, the one with complete utilization of the MBT outputs, i.e. compost, RDF, ferrous and non-ferrous metals, is the one that generates the most environmental gains. Our analysis indicates that the exploitation of RDF via incineration is the key factor towards improving the environmental performance of the MBT plant. Our findings provide a quantitative understanding of the MBT plant. Interpretation of results showed that proper operation of the modern waste management systems can lead to substantial reduction of environmental impacts and savings of resources.

  9. Lessons learnt from post EIS evaluations of national road schemes in Ireland

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, E.A.; O'Malley, V.P.

    2012-01-15

    The Irish National Roads Authority (NRA) recently completed over twenty post environmental impact assessment evaluations of noise chapters prepared as part of Environmental Impact Statements (EISs) for new national road schemes in Ireland. The study focused on a range of issues including a review of noise monitoring procedures, noise prediction methodologies and an assessment of the effectiveness of noise mitigation measures currently in use on national road schemes. This review was carried out taking cognisance of best international practices for noise assessment and methodologies used to mitigate road traffic noise. The primary focus of the study was to assess the actual noise impacts of national road scheme developments and to revise, where necessary, methodologies recommended in the current NRA guidance document describing the treatment of noise on national road schemes. This paper presents a summary of the study and identifies a number of key areas that should be considered prior to the development of future guidance documents. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Presents a post-EIS evaluation of noise assessments for national roads in Ireland. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The effectiveness of some noise mitigation measures is critically evaluated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Issues related to the current EIS noise assessment methodologies are discussed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Implications for alterations to the NRA noise guidelines.

  10. ,"Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Spain (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Natural Gas Re-Exports to Spain (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0ERENUS-NSPMMCF" "Date","Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Spain (Million Cubic Feet)" ...

  11. Wind Technology, Cost, and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States: 2007 - 2012; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hand, Maureen

    2015-06-15

    This presentation provides a summary of IEA Wind Task 26 report on Wind Technology, Cost, and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States: 2007-2012

  12. Geostatistical Simulation of Hydrofacies Heterogeneity of the West Thessaly Aquifer Systems in Greece

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Modis, K. Sideri, D.

    2013-06-15

    Integrating geological properties, such as relative positions and proportions of different hydrofacies, is of highest importance in order to render realistic geological patterns. Sequential indicator simulation (SIS) and Plurigaussian simulation (PS) are alternative methods for conceptual and deterministic modeling for the characterization of hydrofacies distribution. In this work, we studied the spatial differentiation of hydrofacies in the alluvial aquifer system of West Thessaly basin in Greece. For this, we applied both SIS and PS techniques to an extensive set of borehole data from that basin. Histograms of model versus experimental hydrofacies proportions and indicative cross sections were plotted in order to validate the results. The PS technique was shown to be more effective in reproducing the spatial characteristics of the different hydrofacies and their distribution across the study area. In addition, the permeability differentiations reflected in the PS model are in accordance to known heterogeneities of the aquifer capacity.

  13. Ecological compensation and Environmental Impact Assessment in Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Villarroya, Ana; Puig, Jordi

    2010-11-15

    To achieve meaningful sustainable development, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) should avoid the net losses in the environment resource base. But EIA practice does not always avoid the losses caused by the implementation of the projects under EIA regulation. Some environmental impacts are, simply, admitted, even without enforcing any form of compensation. When applied, compensation is sometimes just a monetary payment to offset the environmental loss. This paper looks for evidence on the role that compensation is given at present in EIA practice in Spain, and for some of its conceptual and regulatory roots. Specifically, it explores how compensation is addressed in 1302 records of decision (RODs) on those projects subject to the Spanish EIA regulation published during the years 2006 and 2007, to know how far Spain is from preserving the environmental resource base managed through this particular aspect of EIA practice. As a result, it is concluded that the practice of ecological compensation in EIA in Spain is much lower than it could be expected in a theoretical sustainability context committed to avoid net losses in the environment resource base, mainly due to an EIA practice focused on on-site mitigation that allows these net losses.

  14. U.S. and Spain to Develop Solar Decathlon Europe | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Spain to Develop Solar Decathlon Europe U.S. and Spain to Develop Solar Decathlon Europe October 18, 2007 - 3:21pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Today U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Alexander Karsner and Spain's Undersecretary of Housing Fernando Magro Fernández signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to collaborate in the development of a Solar Decathlon Europe competition in 2010. The Solar Decathlon is a competition launched by

  15. Measurements of particulate matter concentrations at a landfill site (Crete, Greece)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chalvatzaki, E.; Kopanakis, I.; Kontaksakis, M.; Glytsos, T.; Kalogerakis, N.; Lazaridis, M.

    2010-11-15

    Large amounts of solid waste are disposed in landfills and the potential of particulate matter (PM) emissions into the atmosphere is significant. Particulate matter emissions in landfills are the result of resuspension from the disposed waste and other activities such as mechanical recycling and composting, waste unloading and sorting, the process of coating residues and waste transport by trucks. Measurements of ambient levels of inhalable particulate matter (PM{sub 10}) were performed in a landfill site located at Chania (Crete, Greece). Elevated PM{sub 10} concentrations were measured in the landfill site during several landfill operations. It was observed that the meteorological conditions (mainly wind velocity and temperature) influence considerably the PM{sub 10} concentrations. Comparison between the PM{sub 10} concentrations at the landfill and at a PM{sub 10} background site indicates the influence of the landfill activities on local concentrations at the landfill. No correlation was observed between the measurements at the landfill and the background sites. Finally, specific preventing measures are proposed to control the PM concentrations in landfills.

  16. 3dtab.xlsx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    ... Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, ...

  17. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Spain (Million Cubic Feet...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Exports to Spain (Million Cubic Feet) U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Spain (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2010 0 3,149 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...

  18. Targeted intervention strategies to optimise diversion of BMW in the Dublin, Ireland region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Purcell, M.; Magette, W.L.

    2011-09-15

    Highlights: > Previous research indicates that targeted strategies designed for specific areas should lead to improved diversion. > Survey responses and GIS model predictions from previous research were the basis for goal setting. > Then logic modelling and behavioural research were employed to develop site-specific management intervention strategies. > Waste management initiatives can be tailored to specific needs of areas rather than one size fits all means currently used. - Abstract: Urgent transformation is required in Ireland to divert biodegradable municipal waste (BMW) from landfill and prevent increases in overall waste generation. When BMW is optimally managed, it becomes a resource with value instead of an unwanted by-product requiring disposal. An analysis of survey responses from commercial and residential sectors for the Dublin region in previous research by the authors proved that attitudes towards and behaviour regarding municipal solid waste is spatially variable. This finding indicates that targeted intervention strategies designed for specific geographic areas should lead to improved diversion rates of BMW from landfill, a requirement of the Landfill Directive 1999/31/EC. In the research described in this paper, survey responses and GIS model predictions from previous research were the basis for goal setting, after which logic modelling and behavioural research were employed to develop site-specific waste management intervention strategies. The main strategies devised include (a) roll out of the Brown Bin (Organics) Collection and Community Workshops in Dun Laoghaire Rathdown, (b) initiation of a Community Composting Project in Dublin City (c) implementation of a Waste Promotion and Motivation Scheme in South Dublin (d) development and distribution of a Waste Booklet to promote waste reduction activities in Fingal (e) region wide distribution of a Waste Booklet to the commercial sector and (f) Greening Irish Pubs Initiative. Each of these

  19. Comparative assessment of municipal sewage sludge incineration, gasification and pyrolysis for a sustainable sludge-to-energy management in Greece

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samolada, M.C.; Zabaniotou, A.A.

    2014-02-15

    Highlights: • The high output of MSS highlights the need for alternative routes of valorization. • Evaluation of 3 sludge-to-energy valorisation methods through SWOT analysis. • Pyrolysis is an energy and material recovery process resulting to ‘zero waste’. • Identification of challenges and barriers for MSS pyrolysis in Greece was investigated. • Adopters of pyrolysis systems face the challenge of finding new product markets. - Abstract: For a sustainable municipal sewage sludge management, not only the available technology, but also other parameters, such as policy regulations and socio-economic issues should be taken in account. In this study, the current status of both European and Greek Legislation on waste management, with a special insight in municipal sewage sludge, is presented. A SWOT analysis was further developed for comparison of pyrolysis with incineration and gasification and results are presented. Pyrolysis seems to be the optimal thermochemical treatment option compared to incineration and gasification. Sewage sludge pyrolysis is favorable for energy savings, material recovery and high added materials production, providing a ‘zero waste’ solution. Finally, identification of challenges and barriers for sewage sludge pyrolysis deployment in Greece was investigated.

  20. ,"Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Spain (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2016 11:48:54 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Spain (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0ERENUS-NSPMMCF" "Date","Liquefied U.S....

  1. Composition and production rate of pharmaceutical and chemical waste from Xanthi General Hospital in Greece

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Voudrias, Evangelos; Goudakou, Lambrini; Kermenidou, Marianthi; Softa, Aikaterini

    2012-07-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We studied pharmaceutical and chemical waste production in a Greek hospital. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Pharmaceutical waste comprised 3.9% w/w of total hazardous medical waste. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Unit production rate for total pharmaceutical waste was 12.4 {+-} 3.90 g/patient/d. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Chemical waste comprised 1.8% w/w of total hazardous medical waste. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Unit production rate for total chemical waste was 5.8 {+-} 2.2 g/patient/d. - Abstract: The objective of this work was to determine the composition and production rates of pharmaceutical and chemical waste produced by Xanthi General Hospital in Greece (XGH). This information is important to design and cost management systems for pharmaceutical and chemical waste, for safety and health considerations and for assessing environmental impact. A total of 233 kg pharmaceutical and 110 kg chemical waste was collected, manually separated and weighed over a period of five working weeks. The total production of pharmaceutical waste comprised 3.9% w/w of the total hazardous medical waste produced by the hospital. Total pharmaceutical waste was classified in three categories, vial waste comprising 51.1%, syringe waste with 11.4% and intravenous therapy (IV) waste with 37.5% w/w of the total. Vial pharmaceutical waste only was further classified in six major categories: antibiotics, digestive system drugs, analgesics, hormones, circulatory system drugs and 'other'. Production data below are presented as average (standard deviation in parenthesis). The unit production rates for total pharmaceutical waste for the hospital were 12.4 (3.90) g/patient/d and 24.6 (7.48) g/bed/d. The respective unit production rates were: (1) for vial waste 6.4 (1.6) g/patient/d and 13 (2.6) g/bed/d, (2) for syringe waste 1.4 (0.4) g/patient/d and 2.8 (0.8) g/bed/d and (3) for IV waste 4.6 (3.0) g/patient/d and 9.2 (5.9) g/bed/d. Total chemical waste

  2. Current status of the radioactive waste management programme in Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lang-Lenton Leon, Jorge; Garcia Neri, Emilio

    2007-07-01

    Since 1984, ENRESA is responsible of the radioactive waste management and the decommissioning of nuclear installations in Spain. The major recent challenge has been the approval of the Sixth General Radioactive Waste Plan (GRWP) as 'master plan' of the activities to be performed by ENRESA. Regarding the LILW programme, the El Cabril LILW disposal facility will be described highlighting the most relevant events especially focused on optimizing the existing capacity and the start-up of a purpose -built disposal area for VLLW. Concerning the HLW programme, two aspects may be distinguished in the direct management of spent fuel: temporary storage and long-term management. In this regards, a major challenge has been the decision adopted by the Spanish Government to set up a Inter-ministerial Committee for the establishment of the criteria that must be met by the site of the Centralized Intermediate Storage (CTS) facility as the first and necessary step for the process. Also the developments of the long-term management programme will be presented in the frame of the ENRESA's R and D programme. Finally, in the field of decommissioning they will be presented the PIMIC project at the CIEMAT centre and the activities in course for the decommissioning of Jose Cabrera NPP. (authors)

  3. Earth plus Mars: Los Alamos National Lab partners with Spain and France

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Week

    Earth plus Mars: Los Alamos National Lab partners with Spain and France Earth plus Mars: Los Alamos National Lab partners with Spain and France New Mexico's role in the next mission to Mars will also be part of a tri-national Earthly collaboration, officials say. June 26, 2015 New Mexico's role in the next mission to Mars will also be part of a tri-national Earthly collaboration, officials say. New Mexico's role in the next mission to Mars will also be part of a tri-national Earthly

  4. IEA Wind Task 26. Wind Technology, Cost, and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States: 2007–2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vitina, Aisma; Lüers, Silke; Wallasch, Anna-Kathrin; Berkhout, Volker; Duffy, Aidan; Cleary, Brendan; Husabø, Lief I.; Weir, David E.; Lacal-Arántegui, Roberto; Hand, Maureen; Lantz, Eric; Belyeu, Kathy; Wiser, Ryan H; Bolinger, Mark; Hoen, Ben

    2015-06-01

    The International Energy Agency Implementing Agreement for cooperation in Research, Development, and Deployment of Wind Energy Systems (IEA Wind) Task 26—The Cost of Wind Energy represents an international collaboration dedicated to exploring past, present and future cost of wind energy. This report provides an overview of recent trends in wind plant technology, cost, and performance in those countries that are currently represented by participating organizations in IEA Wind Task 26: Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, and the United States as well as the European Union.

  5. Frequently Asked Questions About the Higgs Boson

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Ecuador, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, the United Kingdom and the United States. ...

  6. Light Duty Vehicle Pathways

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Australia, Bangladesh, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Denmark, Greece, India, Japan, Germany, Mexico, Pakistan, Spain, Taiwan, U.K., U.S..... * "The rapid increase in CO2 ...

  7. Metal-Ion-Mediated Reactions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Researchers from Patras (Greece), Nicosia (Cyprus), Karlsruhe (Germany), Zaragoza (Spain), and the ALS at Berkeley Lab have studied metal-ion-mediated reactions of...

  8. U.S. and Bahamian Governments to Cooperate on Detecting Illicit...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    This is the sixth cooperative agreement and joins efforts currently underway in the Netherlands, Greece, Sri Lanka, Belgium and Spain. The specialized radiation detection ...

  9. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | April 22, 2015: ICARUS...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  10. Press Pass - Press Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, the Peoples Republic of China, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, the United Kingdom, the United States, and...

  11. Press Pass - Press Release - The CMS Tracking Detector's Midnight...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden,...

  12. Press Pass - Press Release - The CMS Tracking Detector's Midnight...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  13. Press Pass - Press Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  14. Press Pass - Press Releases - March 30, 2010 - Physics Begins...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  15. Press Pass - Press Release - U.S. scientists join in "cosmic...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  16. Press Pass - Press Release - LHC First Beam

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  17. Press Pass - Press Release - CDF B_s

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  18. Press Pass - Press Release - LHC Restart

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  19. A methodology for optimal MSW management, with an application in the waste transportation of Attica Region, Greece

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Economopoulou, M.A.; Economopoulou, A.A.; Economopoulos, A.P.

    2013-11-15

    Highlights: • A two-step (strategic and detailed optimal planning) methodology is used for solving complex MSW management problems. • A software package is outlined, which can be used for generating detailed optimal plans. • Sensitivity analysis compares alternative scenarios that address objections and/or wishes of local communities. • A case study shows the application of the above procedure in practice and demonstrates the results and benefits obtained. - Abstract: The paper describes a software system capable of formulating alternative optimal Municipal Solid Wastes (MSWs) management plans, each of which meets a set of constraints that may reflect selected objections and/or wishes of local communities. The objective function to be minimized in each plan is the sum of the annualized capital investment and annual operating cost of all transportation, treatment and final disposal operations involved, taking into consideration the possible income from the sale of products and any other financial incentives or disincentives that may exist. For each plan formulated, the system generates several reports that define the plan, analyze its cost elements and yield an indicative profile of selected types of installations, as well as data files that facilitate the geographic representation of the optimal solution in maps through the use of GIS. A number of these reports compare the technical and economic data from all scenarios considered at the study area, municipality and installation level constituting in effect sensitivity analysis. The generation of alternative plans offers local authorities the opportunity of choice and the results of the sensitivity analysis allow them to choose wisely and with consensus. The paper presents also an application of this software system in the capital Region of Attica in Greece, for the purpose of developing an optimal waste transportation system in line with its approved waste management plan. The formulated plan was able to

  20. Integrated assessment of a new Waste-to-Energy facility in Central Greece in the context of regional perspectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perkoulidis, G.; Papageorgiou, A.; Karagiannidis, A.; Kalogirou, S.

    2010-07-15

    The main aim of this study is the integrated assessment of a proposed Waste-to-Energy facility that could contribute in the Municipal Solid Waste Management system of the Region of Central Greece. In the context of this paper alternative transfer schemes for supplying the candidate facility were assessed considering local conditions and economical criteria. A mixed-integer linear programming model was applied for the determination of optimum locations of Transfer Stations for an efficient supplying chain between the waste producers and the Waste-to-Energy facility. Moreover different Regional Waste Management Scenarios were assessed against multiple criteria, via the Multi Criteria Decision Making method ELECTRE III. The chosen criteria were total cost, Biodegradable Municipal Waste diversion from landfill, energy recovery and Greenhouse Gas emissions and the analysis demonstrated that a Waste Management Scenario based on a Waste-to-Energy plant with an adjacent landfill for disposal of the residues would be the best performing option for the Region, depending however on the priorities of the decision makers. In addition the study demonstrated that efficient planning is necessary and the case of three sanitary landfills operating in parallel with the WtE plant in the study area should be avoided. Moreover alternative cases of energy recovery of the candidate Waste-to-Energy facility were evaluated against the requirements of the new European Commission Directive on waste in order for the facility to be recognized as recovery operation. The latter issue is of high significance and the decision makers in European Union countries should take it into account from now on, in order to plan and implement facilities that recover energy efficiently. Finally a sensitivity check was performed in order to evaluate the effects of increased recycling rate, on the calorific value of treated Municipal Solid Waste and the gate fee of the candidate plant and found that increased

  1. Global climate change and maize production in Spain: Risk assessment and impacts of weather on yields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feijoo, M.L.; Mestre, F.; Iglesias, A.; Rosenzweig, C.

    1996-12-31

    The study evaluates the potential effect of climate change on maize production in Spain, combining climate models, a crop productivity model, a decision support system and a yield-response model. The study was carried out for two agricultural regions that include the largest areas of Spain where maize is grown as a high input crop. The paper combines the output from a crop model with different techniques of analysis. The scenarios used in this study were generated from the output of two General Circulation Models (GCMs): the Goddard Institute for Space Studies model (GISS) and the Canadian Climate Change Model (CCCM). The study also includes a preliminary evaluation of the potential changes in monetary returns taking into account the possible variability of grain yields and prices, using mean-Gini stochastic dominance (MGSD). A yield response model was estimated using simulated data from the crop model. Weather variables are included. Typically, temperature and precipitation are the only weather variables included in these models. However, solar radiation is another important climate factor for plant growth and development and were included in the yield response model.

  2. A proposal to improve ecological compensation practice in road and railway projects in Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Villarroya, Ana Puig, Jordi

    2013-09-15

    To reduce ecological impacts caused by development projects, avoidance, minimization and compensation techniques have to be taken together into consideration along Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) procedures. This paper explores the particular role that ecological compensation has had in recent road and railway EIA procedures in Spain, as seen through the review of a set of recent EIA Records of Decision (RODs) that confirms precedent findings. Noticing that residual impacts are not paid much attention, and that there is no evidence of a solid public participation in ecological impact evaluation, it proposes to increase the awareness on residual impacts, as a way to make easier public access to the allegedly most sensitive moment of EIA implementation: (residual) impact evaluation. -- Highlights: ► Ecological compensation practice in Spain is much lower than avoidance or mitigation. ► Residual impacts are overlooked in EIA processes and public participation is low. ► An increased awareness of residual impacts may also promote public participation. ► Current context needs these small steps to move towards better compensation practice.

  3. Lessons learned from the Siting Process of an Interim Storage Facility in Spain - 12024

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lamolla, Meritxell Martell

    2012-07-01

    On 29 December 2009, the Spanish government launched a site selection process to host a centralised interim storage facility for spent fuel and high-level radioactive waste. It was an unprecedented call for voluntarism among Spanish municipalities to site a controversial facility. Two nuclear municipalities, amongst a total of thirteen municipalities from five different regions, presented their candidatures to host the facility in their territories. For two years the government did not make a decision. Only in November 30, 2011, the new government elected on 20 November 2011 officially selected a non-nuclear municipality, Villar de Canas, for hosting this facility. This paper focuses on analysing the factors facilitating and hindering the siting of controversial facilities, in particular the interim storage facility in Spain. It demonstrates that involving all stakeholders in the decision-making process should not be underestimated. In the case of Spain, all regional governments where there were candidate municipalities willing to host the centralised interim storage facility, publicly opposed to the siting of the facility. (author)

  4. Evaluation of models for estimating solar irradiation on vertical surfaces at Valencia, Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Utrillas, M.P.; Martinez-Lozano, J.A.; Casanovas, A.J. )

    1991-01-01

    Hourly irradiation data recorded on vertical surfaces at north, east, south, and west orientations during the winter period going from December 1989 to March 1990 in Valencia, Spain, have been compared with estimated solar irradiation from several tilted-surface models. The isotropic-, Temps' and Coulson's-, Klucher's-, Hay's-, Shartveit's and Olseth's, Gueymard's-, and Perez' (simplified) models have been considered for this comparison. Root-mean-square-difference (RMSD), mean-bias-difference (MBD) and mean-absolute-difference (MAD) estimators have been used to measure the departure of models from experimental data. Modeled values are evaluated with the original coefficients proposed by the authors. Results of comparison show that the south orientation is less prone to modeling errors. Perez' 25{degree} circumsolar simplified model being the less affected by errors in north, eat and south orientations; for west orientation Klucher's model gives a lesser error. These results are consistent with those reported in previous studies.

  5. OES-IA Annex IV: Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Devices - Report from the Experts’ Workshop September 27th – 28th 2010 Clontarf Castle, Dublin Ireland

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Copping, Andrea E.; O'Toole, Michael J.

    2010-12-02

    An experts' workshop was convened in Dublin Ireland September 27th – 28th 2010 in support of IEA Ocean Energy Systems Implementing Agreement Annex IV. PNNL was responsible for organizing the content of the workshop, overseeing the contractors (Irish Marine Institute) hosting the event, presenting material on Annex IV and materials applicable to the workshop intent. PNNL is also overseeing a contractor (Wave Energy Center/University of Plymouth – WEC/UP) in the collection and analysis of the Annex IV data. Fifty-eight experts from 8 countries attended the workshop by invitation, spending two days discussing the needs of Annex IV. Presentations by DOE (background on Annex IV), PNNL (process for developing Annex IV; presentation of the draft database for PNNL project, plans for incorporating Annex IV data), WEC/UP on the environmental effect matrix, and four MHK developers (two from the UK, one from Ireland and one from Sweden; each discussing their own projects and lessons learned for measuring and mitigating environmental effects, as well as interactions with consenting [permitting] processes) helped provide background. The workshop participants worked part of the time in the large group and most of the time in four smaller breakout groups. Participants engaged in the process and provided a wealth of examples of MHK environmental work, particularly in the European nations. They provided practical and actionable advice on the following: • Developing the Annex IV database, with specific uses and audiences • Strong consensus that we should collect detailed metadata on available data sets, rather than attempting to draw in copious datasets. The participants felt there would then be an opportunity to then ask for specific set of data as needed, with specific uses and ownership of the data specified. This is particularly important as many data collected, particularly in Europe but also in Canada, are proprietary; developers were not comfortable with the idea of

  6. Development and operativity of a real-time radiological monitoring network centered on the nuclear power plant of Almaraz (Spain)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baeza, A.; Miro, C.; Puerto, J.A. del; Rio, M. del; Ortiz, F.; Paniagua, J.M.

    1993-12-01

    This work presents the hardware and software characteristics of the environmental surveillance radiological network that has been installed around the nuclear power station of Almaraz (Spain). A description is given of the program RADLINE which allows radiological data to be logged in real time, and a study is made of the operativity of the network and the methodology followed in establishing the radiological pre-alert and alert levels.

  7. An analysis of markets for small-scale, advanced coal-combustion technology in Spain, Italy, and Turkey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-09-01

    This report describes the results of an in-depth analysis of markets for US-developed, advanced coal-combustion technology (ACT) in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors of three countries -- Spain, Italy, and Turkey. These countries were chosen in a previous study, in which member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) were rated on eight factors influencing their propensity to use small-scale, US-developed ACT. 76 refs., 16 figs., 14 tabs.

  8. Fractionation of heavy metals in sludge from anaerobic wastewater stabilization ponds in southern Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alonso, E.

    2006-07-01

    The analysis of heavy metals is a very important task to assess the potential environmental and health risk associated with the sludge coming from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). However, it is necessary to apply sequential extraction techniques to obtain suitable information about their bioavailability or toxicity. In this paper, a sequential extraction scheme according to the Standard, Measurements and Testing Programme of the European Commission was applied to sludge samples collected from ten anaerobic wastewater stabilization ponds (WSPs) located in southern Spain. Al, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Ti and Zn were determined in the sludge extracts by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry. In relation to current international legislation for the use of sludge for agricultural purposes, none of the metal concentrations exceeded maximum permitted levels. Overall, heavy metals were mainly associated with the two less-available fractions (34% oxidizable metal and 55% residual metal). Only Mn and Zn showed the highest share of the available (exchangeable and reducible) fractions (25-48%)

  9. Road-corridor planning in the EIA procedure in Spain. A review of case studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loro, Manuel [Department of Urban and Regional Planning and Environment, Civil Engineering School, Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, Prof. Aranguren s Transport Research Centre Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Prof. Aranguren s Centro de investigacin del transporte, TRANSyT-UPM, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, Prof. Aranguren s Arce, Rosa M. [Department of Urban and Regional Planning and Environment, Civil Engineering School, Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, Prof. Aranguren s Transport Research Centre Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Prof. Aranguren s Centro de investigacin del transporte, TRANSyT-UPM, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, Prof. Aranguren s Ortega, Emilio [Transport Research Centre Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Prof. Aranguren s Centro de investigacin del transporte, TRANSyT-UPM, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, Prof. Aranguren s Department of Construction and Rural Roads, Forestry Engineering School, Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria s and others

    2014-01-15

    The assessment of different alternatives in road-corridor planning must be based on a number of well-defined territorial variables that serve as decision making criteria, and this requires a high-quality preliminary environmental assessment study. In Spain the formal specifications for the technical requirements stipulate the constraints that must be considered in the early stages of defining road corridors, but not how they should be analyzed and ranked. As part of the feasibility study of a new road definition, the most common methodology is to establish different levels of Territorial Carrying Capacity (TCC) in the study area in order to summarize the territorial variables on thematic maps and to ease the tracing process of road-corridor layout alternatives. This paper explores the variables used in 22 road-construction projects conducted by the Ministry of Public Works that were subject to the Spanish EIA regulation and published between 2006 and 2008. The aim was to evaluate the quality of the methods applied and the homogeneity and suitability of the variables used for defining the TCC. The variables were clustered into physical, environmental, land-use and cultural constraints for the purpose of comparing the TCC values assigned in the studies reviewed. We found the average quality of the studies to be generally acceptable in terms of the justification of the methodology, the weighting and classification of the variables, and the creation of a synthesis map. Nevertheless, the methods for assessing the TCC are not sufficiently standardized; there is a lack of uniformity in the cartographic information sources and methodologies for the TCC valuation. -- Highlights: We explore 22 road-corridor planning studies subjected to the Spanish EIA regulation. We analyze the variables selected for defining territorial carrying capacity. The quality of the studies is acceptable (methodology, variable weighting, mapping). There is heterogeneity in the methods for

  10. Ireland Worksite Earns VPP RECOGNITION

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON - Deputy Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health Jonathan L. Snare today made an important announcements regarding OSHA's Voluntary Protection Program (VPP).

  11. Cadmium exposure and neuropsychological development in school children in southwestern Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodríguez-Barranco, Miguel; Lacasaña, Marina; Gil, Fernando; Lorca, Andres; Alguacil, Juan; Rohlman, Diane S.; González-Alzaga, Beatriz; Molina-Villalba, Isabel; Mendoza, Ramón; Aguilar-Garduño, Clemente

    2014-10-15

    This study assessed the association between cadmium exposure and neuropsychological development in children from a region with high industrial and mining activities in southwestern Spain. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 261 children aged 6–9 years between January and March 2012. Cadmium exposure was measured in urine and hair of children, and neuropsychological development was assessed with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) and with three computerized tests from the Behavioral Assessment and Research System (BARS): Reaction Time Test (RTT), Continuous Performance Test (CPT) and Selective Attention Test (SAT). Multivariate linear regression models, adjusted for potential confounders, were used to estimate the association between neuropsychological development and cadmium exposure measured in urine and hair samples. Geometric means of urine and hair cadmium levels were 0.75 μg/g creatinine and 0.01 μg/g, respectively. We observed that doubling of levels of cadmium in urine was associated with a reduction of two points (95% CI: −3.8 to −0.4) in the Full-Scale intelligence quotient (IQ) in boys. By domains, association was statistically significant for Verbal Comprehension (β=−2.0; p=0.04) and close to the significance level for Perceptual Reasoning (β=−1.8; p=0.06). Among girls, only Verbal Comprehension showed suggestive associations with cadmium exposure (β=−1.7; p=0.06). Cadmium exposure is associated with cognitive delays in boys in our region. Our results provide additional evidence of the neurotoxic effect of low-level postnatal cadmium exposure among children, and support the hypothesis of differences between sexes in the neurotoxic effect of metals on children. - Highlights: • This study associates Cd exposure and neuropsychological development in children. • Cd exposure was associated with cognitive delay in boys, but not in girls. • Intellectual quotient of boys decreased two points for a

  12. An analysis of markets for small-scale, advanced coal-combustion technology in Spain, Italy, and Turkey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Placet, M.; Gerry, P.A.; Kenski, D.M.; Kern, D.M.; Nehring, J.L.; Szpunar, C.B.

    1989-09-01

    This report discusses the examination of potential overseas markets for using small-scale, US-developed, advanced coal-combustion technologies (ACTs). In previous work, member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) were rated on their potential for using ACTs through a comprehensive screening methodology. The three most promising OECD markets were found to be Spain, Italy, and Turkey. This report provides in-depth analyses of these three selected countries. First, it addresses changes in the European Community with particular reference to the 1992 restructuring and its potential effect on the energy situation in Europe, specifically in the three subject countries. It presents individual country studies that examine demographics, economics, building infrastructures, and energy-related factors. Potential niches for ACTs are explored for each country through regional analyses. Marketing channels, strategies, and the trading environments in each country are also discussed. The information gathered indicates that Turkey is a most promising market, Spain is a fairly promising market, and Italy appears to be a somewhat limited market for US ACTs. 76 refs., 16 figs., 14 tabs.

  13. Climatic implications of correlated upper Pleistocene glacial and fluvial deposits on the Cinca and Gallego rivers, NE Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis, Claudia J; Mcdonald, Eric; Sancho, Carlos; Pena, Jose- Luis

    2008-01-01

    We correlate Upper Pleistocene glacial and fluvial deposits of the Cinca and Gallego River valleys (south central Pyrenees and Ebro basin, Spain) using geomorphic position, luminescence dates, and time-related trends in soil development. The ages obtained from glacial deposits indicate glacial periods at 85 {+-} 5 ka, 64 {+-} 11 ka, and 36 {+-} 3 ka (from glacial till) and 20 {+-} 3 ka (from loess). The fluvial drainage system, fed by glaciers in the headwaters, developed extensive terrace systems in the Cinca River valley at 178 {+-} 21 ka, 97 {+-} 16 ka, 61 {+-} 4 ka, 47 {+-} 4 ka, and 11 {+-} 1 ka, and in the Gallego River valley at 151 {+-} 11 ka, 68 {+-} 7 ka, and 45 {+-} 3 ka. The times of maximum geomorphic activity related to cold phases coincide with Late Pleistocene marine isotope stages and heinrich events. The maximum extent of glaciers during the last glacial occurred at 64 {+-} 11 ka, and the terraces correlated with this glacial phase are the most extensive in both the Cinca (61 {+-} 4 ka) and Gallego (68 {+-} 7 ka) valleys, indicating a strong increase in fluvial discharge and availability of sediments related to the transition to deglaciation. The global Last Glacial Maximum is scarcely represented in the south central Pyrenees owing to dominantly dry conditions at that time. Precipitation must be controlled by the position of the Iberian Peninsula with respect to the North Atlantic atmospheric circulation system. The glacial systems and the associated fluvial dynamic seem sensitive to (1) global climate changes controlled by insolation, (2) North Atlantic thermohaline circulation influenced by freshwater pulses into the North Atlantic, and (3) anomalies in atmospheric circulation in the North Atlantic controlling precipitation on the Iberian peninsula. The model of glacial and fluvial evolution during the Late Pleistocene in northern Spain could be extrapolated to other glaciated mountainous areas in southern Europe.

  14. GREENING YOUR BUSINESS

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... * 12 Canada * 5 India * 3 Australia * 3 Ireland * 2 Spain * 2 United Kingdom * 2 Tunisia * 1 Belgium * 1 Chile * 1 Colombia * 1 Argentina * 1 Fiji * 1 Israel * 1 Indonesia * 1 St. ...

  15. Five Million Smart Meters Installed Nationwide is Just the Beginning...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Ireland and Spain have a grid system that efficiently integrates large percentages of wind onto the power grid. We can't let the rest of the world pass us by. We need to modernize ...

  16. Energi E2 A S | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    company which owns and operates CHP-based power stations in Denmark, hydroelectric power plants in Sweden and Norway as well as wind assets in Sweden, Greece and Spain....

  17. Refergy GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Weichs, Germany Zip: 85258 Product: A developer for PV projects larger than 1MW with focus on Spain, Greece and Kanada. Coordinates: 48.37802, 11.409427 Show Map Loading...

  18. Proit srl | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    is to install and distribute PV in the African and European (except for Spain and Greece) markets. References: Proit srl1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  19. Upgraded biogas from municipal solid waste for natural gas substitution and CO{sub 2} reduction – A case study of Austria, Italy, and Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Starr, Katherine; Villalba, Gara; Gabarrell, Xavier

    2015-04-15

    Highlights: • Biogas can be upgraded to create biomethane, a substitute to natural gas. • Biogas upgrading was applied to landfills and anaerobic digestors in 3 countries. • Up to 0.6% of a country’s consumption of natural gas could be replaced by biomethane. • Italy could save 46% of the national CO{sub 2} emissions attributed to the waste sector. • Scenarios were created to increase biomethane production. - Abstract: Biogas is rich in methane and can be further purified through biogas upgrading technologies, presenting a viable alternative to natural gas. Landfills and anaerobic digestors treating municipal solid waste are a large source of such biogas. They therefore offer an attractive opportunity to tap into this potential source of natural gas while at the same time minimizing the global warming impact resulting from methane emissions in waste management schemes (WMS) and fossil fuel consumption reduction. This study looks at the current municipal solid waste flows of Spain, Italy, and Austria over one year (2009), in order to determine how much biogas is generated. Then it examines how much natural gas could be substituted by using four different biogas upgrading technologies. Based on current waste generation rates, exploratory but realistic WMS were created for each country in order to maximize biogas production and potential for natural gas substitution. It was found that the potential substitution of natural gas by biogas resulting from the current WMS seems rather insignificant: 0.2% for Austria, 0.6% for Italy and 0.3% for Spain. However, if the WMS is redesigned to maximize biogas production, these figures can increase to 0.7% for Austria, 1% for Italy and 2% for Spain. Furthermore, the potential CO{sub 2} reduction as a consequence of capturing the biogas and replacing fossil fuel can result in up to a 93% reduction of the annual national waste greenhouse gas emissions of Spain and Italy.

  20. Roof-top solar energy potential under performance-based building energy codes: The case of Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Izquierdo, Salvador; Montanes, Carlos; Dopazo, Cesar; Fueyo, Norberto

    2011-01-15

    The quantification at regional level of the amount of energy (for thermal uses and for electricity) that can be generated by using solar systems in buildings is hindered by the availability of data for roof area estimation. In this note, we build on an existing geo-referenced method for determining available roof area for solar facilities in Spain to produce a quantitative picture of the likely limits of roof-top solar energy. The installation of solar hot water systems (SHWS) and photovoltaic systems (PV) is considered. After satisfying up to 70% (if possible) of the service hot water demand in every municipality, PV systems are installed in the remaining roof area. Results show that, applying this performance-based criterion, SHWS would contribute up to 1662 ktoe/y of primary energy (or 68.5% of the total thermal-energy demand for service hot water), while PV systems would provide 10 T W h/y of electricity (or 4.0% of the total electricity demand). (author)

  1. East Coast (PADD 1) Distillate Fuel Oil Imports

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Ghana 1995-2003 Gibralter 2012-2012 Greece 9 1995-2016 India 24 1995-2016 Ireland 1995-2003 Israel 1995-2003 Italy 1995-2014 Ivory Coast 2014-2014 Jamaica 2012-2012 Japan 2006-2011 ...

  2. Tectonic denudation of upper mantle along passive margins: a model based on drilling (ODP Leg 103) and diving (Galinaute cruise) results, western Galicia Margin, Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boillot, G.; Winterer, E.L.; Recq, M.; Girardeau, J.; Kornprobst, J.; Loreau, J.P.; Malod, J.; Mougenot, D.

    1987-05-01

    During ODP Leg 103 (April-June 1985) and the Galinaute cruise (June-July 1986), serpentinized peridotite (clinopyroxene-spinel harzburgite) was recovered within the basement approximately at the boundary between the North Atlantic ocean crust to the west and the thinned continental crust of the Galicia passive margin (Spain) to the east. The exposure of mantle-derived peridotite on the sea floor occurred at the end of the period of rifting, roughly 110 Ma. Ductile shear zones observed in the peridotite are consistent with movements along a deep, low-angle normal fault rooted within the upper mantle and dipping eastward beneath the Galicia margin. To explain the tectonic denudation of the mantle at the ocean-continent boundary, they use a nonuniform stretching model for the lithosphere, set up from Wernicke's model.

  3. Athens, Greece: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 264371 Coordinates 37.97918, 23.716647 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":...

  4. Attiki, Greece: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search GeoNames ID 264354 Coordinates 38, 23.73333 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"...

  5. Greece: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    more than 11% while the rest 1.6% of gross inland consumption is covered by electricity (net imports - exports). In 2008, gross inland consumption increased by approximately 44%...

  6. The EURATOM Supply Agency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lightner, J.

    1989-11-01

    With the coming liberalization of trade and industry within the European Community (EC) and a more centrally-coordinated EC external trade policy, it is timely to ask if in the 1990s there will be any significant changes in the commercial relations between the EC and non-EC companies trading in nuclear fuel. The key vehicle for implementing any change of policy would probably be the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) Supply Agency in Brussels, which is charged under the EURATOM Treaty with overseeing the equitable supply of nuclear fuel to and among EC companies. The EURATOM Supply Agency (the Agency) is a signatory to almost all EC-company contracts for transactions that occur on the territory of the Community, which includes Belgium, Denmark, France, the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), Great Britain, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain. During the 1980s, the Supply Agency has rarely tried to influence the commercial decisions of EC member companies. The nuclear fuel industry has largely perceived the Agency as an administrative office that registers contracts and maintains relations with some outside governments, particularly Australia, Canada, and the USA. However, in 1988 the Agency began to have a more direct commercial impact when it reviewed the practice-previously conducted routinely by the EURATOM Safeguards Directorate in Luxembourg at the request of EC-member companies-of swapping safeguards obligations on equivalent quantities of uranium at different locations (flag swapping). The Agency`s actions inhibiting flag swaps, as well as a related de facto policy restricting material swaps of Southern African uranium, caused it to be viewed as obstructive by some EC companies. During 1989 the discussion about flag swaps and swaps involving South African and Namibian uranium has subsided, and a far-reaching discussion has arisen about EC trade policy in general.

  7. Oil country tubular goods from Argentina, Austria, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, and Spain. Investigations Nos. 701-ta-363 and 364 (final) and investigations nos. 731-ta-711-717 (final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-08-01

    Based on the record in these final investigations, we determine that an industry in the United States is materially injured by reason of imports of oil country tubular goods excluding drill pipe (also referred to herein as `casing and tubing`) from Argentina, Italy, Japan, Korea, and Mexico that are sold in the United States is materially injured by (`LTFV`). We also determine that an industry in the United States is materially injured by reason of subsidized imports of casing and tubing from Italy. We find that an industry in the United States is not materially injured or threatened with material injury by reason of imports of casing and tubing from Austria and Spain that are sold at LTFV or subsidized. We further determine that an industry in the United States is threatened with material injury by reason of imports of drill pipe from Argentina, Japan, and Mexico that are sold at LTFV. We determine that we would not have made an affirmative material injury determination but for the suspension of liquidation. Finally, we unanimously determine that an industry in the United States is neither materially injured nor threatened with material injury by reason of LFTV or subsidized imports of drill pipe from Austria, Italy, Korea, or Spain.

  8. Developing and Financing Tribal Energy Projects

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    (MW) Percent of Total Denmark 13,366 3 3,125 23.4% Spain 66,910 3,522 15,145 22.6% Germany 120,376 1,667 22,247 18.5% Portugal 12,176 434 2,150 17.7% Ireland 5,510 59 805 14.6% ...

  9. ESB Smart Meter Projects (Smart Grid Project) (Limerick, Ireland...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Customer Behavior; assessing the available technologies for AMI roll out in an Irish context. The above will input to the cost benefit analysis for the full roll out of AMI in...

  10. EV Network integration (Smart Grid Project) (Ireland) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EU Smart Grid Projects Map1 Overview This project will take two typical LV (220V) circuits, one urban and one rural, and will examine in detail through modeling and through...

  11. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Ireland...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of wind generation developers. The study will use results from detailed network and market models of the European transmission system for scenarios representing immediate and...

  12. BeyWatch (Smart Grid Project) (Greece) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    able to provide intelligent energy monitoringcontrol and power demand balancing at homebuilding & neighborhood level. References "EU Smart Grid Projects Map" Retrieved...

  13. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (Greece...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of wind generation developers. The study will use results from detailed network and market models of the European transmission system for scenarios representing immediate and...

  14. EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (Greece) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    technical and nontechnical barriers that prevent a massive deployment of distributed energy resources (DER) in Europe. In partnership with manufacturers, research organizations,...

  15. Wind Energy Integration: Slides

    Wind Powering America (EERE)

    information about integrating wind energy into the electricity grid. Wind Energy Integration Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL 25907 Wind energy currently contributes significant power to energy portfolios around the world. *U.S. Department of Energy. (August 2015). 2014 Wind Technologies Market Report. Wind Energy Integration In 2014, Denmark led the way with wind power supplying roughly 39% of the country's electricity demand. Ireland, Portugal, and Spain provided more than 20% of their

  16. MOU_DOE_US_SPAIN.pdf

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    MA-60 Org chart MA-60 Org chart Updated May 5, 2016 OAM Org Chart (MA-60) 053016.png OAM Org Chart (MA-60) 053016.pdf (148.11 KB) Every Region | Department of Energy

    MAP: How Climate Change Threatens America's Energy Infrastructure in Every Region MAP: How Climate Change Threatens America's Energy Infrastructure in Every Region October 9, 2015 - 10:28am Addthis This interactive map is not viewable in your browser. Please view it in a modern browser. Daniel Wood Daniel Wood Data

  17. Madrid, Spain: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    S A Control Y Montages Industriales CYMI SA Corporacion Eolica CESA SA DAVID Fuel Cell Components SL Dhamma Energy E ON Renovables Iberia formerly Energi E2 Renovables...

  18. Spain-Chile and Spain-Ecuador cooperation in the field of research nuclear reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Avendano, G.; Rodriguez, M.L.; Manas, L.; Masalleras, E.; Montes, J.

    1981-01-01

    The Spanish Board of Nuclear Energy (JEN) has been cooperating for the last several years with the Comision Chilena de Energia Nuclear (Chilean Commission of Nuclear Energy (CCHEN)), on the one hand, and with the Comision Ecuatoriana de Energia Atomica (Ecuadorian Commission of Atomic Energy (CEEA)), on the other. The result of this cooperation has been the implementation of projects in both countries to create research centers around a nuclear reactor as the main working tool: the Lo Aguirre reactor in Chile and the Ruminahui reactor in Ecuador.

  19. Secretary Chu Visits Dublin, Ireland 11/04/10-11/05/10 | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    carbon free sources of energy. This is the same building where in June 1963, President Kennedy addressed a joint sitting of both Houses of the Irish Oireactas, and presented the...

  20. Forensic investigation of a chromium(VI) groundwater plume in Thiva, Greece

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Panagiotakis, I.; Dermatas, D.; Vatseris, C.; Chrysochoou, M.; Papassiopi, N.; Xenidis, A.; Vaxevanidou, K.

    2015-01-01

    We conducted a forensic investigation with the aim of decoupling the contribution of geogenic and anthropogenic Cr(VI) sources in the wider area of Thiva. Groundwater and topsoil samples were collected from two Cr(VI) groundwater plumes of 160 μg/L and 75 μg/L. A series of evidence support the view that the origin of Cr(VI) detected in groundwater is mainly geogenic. These are: (a) the presence of Cr in topsoil of the wider area, (b) the moderate Cr(VI) groundwater concentrations, (c) the high Ni levels within the Cr(VI) plumes, (d) the predominance of Mn(IV), which is a prerequisite for Cr(III) oxidation to Cr(VI), and (e) the absence of co-contaminants. This study also revealed that, although both Cr(VI) plumes are clearly of geogenic origin, the plume with the elevated Cr(VI) values, in the north of Thiva town, exhibits also an anthropogenic component, which can potentially be attributed to the alkaline environment associated with the old uncontrolled landfill of Thiva and the industrial cluster located in this area.

  1. Marginalised social groups in contemporary weee management within social enterprises investments: A study in Greece

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Papaoikonomou, K. Kipouros, S.; Kungolos, A.; Somakos, L.; Aravossis, K.; Antonopoulos, I.; Karagiannidis, A.

    2009-05-15

    This paper deals with the creation of appropriate conditions aimed at developing social services for reuse and recycling of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), by the inclusion of handicapped and Roma people in the workforce. Application areas for the project are the Hellenic (Greek) regions of Thessaly and North Aegean, where these groups suffer from professional and social exclusion. The efforts to reduce unemployment in the two aforementioned groups, together with the efforts to implement related Greek and European legislation for sustainable WEEE management, are examined here. Furthermore, networking and cooperation at local, regional and central levels between small enterprises, entrepreneurships and local authorities are examined, so that these social enterprises and their corresponding investments may support the development of the Greek alternative WEEE recycling system.

  2. HiperDNO (Smart Grid Project) (Spain) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    is to develop a new generation of distribution network management systems that exploits novel near to realtime HPC solutions with inherent security and intelligent communications...

  3. Spain Installed Wind Capacity Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontentspain-installed-wind-capacity-website Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Feed-in Tariffs This website presents an...

  4. Cameron, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports Price to Spain (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's -- 7.58 -- -- --

  5. Once perks' poster child, Spain slashes subsidies for solar energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-11-15

    Spanish solar subsidies peaked at $1.6 billion in 2008 from $310 million in 2007. Towards the end of 2008, the government slashed the subsidies and put a 500 MW annual limit on how much new solar installations it would take.

  6. EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (Spain) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    technical and nontechnical barriers that prevent a massive deployment of distributed energy resources (DER) in Europe. In partnership with manufacturers, research organizations,...

  7. Geology and offshore resources of Pacific Island arcs-New Ireland and Manus region, Papua New Guinea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marlow, M.S.; Dadisman, S.V.; Exon, N.F.

    1988-01-01

    This book presents the results of geologic research in and around the Pacific Basin. Topics covered include framework geology, petroleum geology, hard minerals, geothermal energy, environmental geology, volcanology, oceanography, tectonics, geophysics, geochemistry, and applications of renewable energy. This volume reports the results of one of fourteen internationally sponsored surveys to investigate the energy and mineral resources in the Southwest Pacific.

  8. International Symposium on Air Breathing Engines, 9th, Athens, Greece, Sept. 3-8, 1989, Proceedings. Volumes 1 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Billig, F.S.

    1989-01-01

    The conference presents papers on the National Aerospace Plane Program, highly loaded axial flow compressors, Swedish philosophy in aeroengine development, the active control of engine instabilities, and turbulent free shear layer mixing and combustion. Consideration is also given to direct and hybrid solutions of three-dimensional flow in axial radial turbomachines using the mean stream surface method, the numerical simulation of turbomachinery flows with a simple ONERA model of viscous effects, and the combustion characteristics of a boron-fueled SFRJ with aft burner. Other topics include studies on the influence of Mach number on profile losses of a reaction turbine cascade, flow in compressor interstage ducts, and full-scale liquid fuel ramjet combustor tests.

  9. Integrating Variable Renewable Energy in Electric Power Markets: Best Practices from International Experience (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-10-01

    Many countries--reflecting very different geographies, markets, and power systems--are successfully managing high levels of variable renewable energy (RE) on the grid. Australia (South Australia), Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Spain, and the United States (Colorado and Texas), for example, have effectively integrated variable RE utilizing diverse approaches. Analysis of the results from these case studies reveals a wide range of mechanisms that can be used to accommodate high penetrations of variable RE (e.g., from new market designs to centralized planning). Nevertheless, the myriad approaches collectively suggest that governments can best enable variable RE grid integration by implementing best practices in five areas of intervention: lead public engagement, particularly for new transmission; coordinate and integrate planning; develop rules for market evolution that enable system flexibility; expand access to diverse resources and geographic footprint of operations; and improve system operations.

  10. Pathways, Networks and Systems Medicine Conferences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nadeau, Joseph H.

    2013-11-25

    The 6th Pathways, Networks and Systems Medicine Conference was held at the Minoa Palace Conference Center, Chania, Crete, Greece (16-21 June 2008). The Organizing Committee was composed of Joe Nadeau (CWRU, Cleveland), Rudi Balling (German Research Centre, Brauschweig), David Galas (Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle), Lee Hood (Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle), Diane Isonaka (Seattle), Fotis Kafatos (Imperial College, London), John Lambris (Univ. Pennsylvania, Philadelphia),Harris Lewin (Univ. of Indiana, Urbana-Champaign), Edison Liu (Genome Institute of Singapore, Singapore), and Shankar Subramaniam (Univ. California, San Diego). A total of 101 individuals from 21 countries participated in the conference: USA (48), Canada (5), France (5), Austria (4), Germany (3), Italy (3), UK (3), Greece (2), New Zealand (2), Singapore (2), Argentina (1), Australia (1), Cuba (1), Denmark (1), Japan (1), Mexico (1), Netherlands (1), Spain (1), Sweden (1), Switzerland (1). With respect to speakers, 29 were established faculty members and 13 were graduate students or postdoctoral fellows. With respect to gender representation, among speakers, 13 were female and 28 were male, and among all participants 43 were female and 58 were male. Program these included the following topics: Cancer Pathways and Networks (Day 1), Metabolic Disease Networks (Day 2), Day 3 ? Organs, Pathways and Stem Cells (Day 3), and Day 4 ? Inflammation, Immunity, Microbes and the Environment (Day 4). Proceedings of the Conference were not published.

  11. Distributed connected wind farms (Smart Grid Project) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Distributed connected wind farms (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Distributed connected wind farms Country Ireland Headquarters Location Kerry, Ireland...

  12. AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ireland) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration Country Ireland Coordinates...

  13. Molecular Foundry

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Education 2002 Ph.D., Physics, University College Cork, Ireland 1999 B.Sc., Physics and Mathematics, University College Cork, Ireland Research Interests My research focuses on ...

  14. Venergia SA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search Name: Venergia SA Place: Athens, Greece Zip: 14564 Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: Greece-based solar and wind project developer. Coordinates: 37.97615,...

  15. Distomo Renewable Energy SA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Distomo Renewable Energy SA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Distomo Renewable Energy SA Place: Greece Zip: 32005 Product: Aiming to develop PV projects in Greece. References:...

  16. PPC Renewables | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    PPC Renewables Jump to: navigation, search Name: PPC Renewables Place: Greece Sector: Renewable Energy Product: The renewables division of Public Power Corp. of Greece (PPC)....

  17. EEN Hellas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Greece Product: EEN Hellas subsidiary of EDF Energies Nouvelles. It develops, finances and operates energy projects in Greece. References: EEN Hellas1 This article is a...

  18. Positive Energy S A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Greece Zip: 115 27 Sector: Buildings, Efficiency, Solar Product: Developer of solar parks and implements energy efficiency measures for buildings in Greece and south-eastern...

  19. Current and anticipated uses of thermal-hydraulic codes in Spain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pelayo, F.; Reventos, F.

    1997-07-01

    Spanish activities in the field of Applied Thermal-Hydraulics are steadily increasing as the codes are becoming practicable enough to efficiently sustain engineering decision in the Nuclear Power industry. Before reaching this point, a lot of effort has been devoted to achieve this goal. This paper briefly describes this process, points at the current applications and draws conclusions on the limitations. Finally it establishes the applications where the use of T-H codes would be worth in the future, this in turn implies further development of the codes to widen the scope of application and improve the general performance. Due to the different uses of the codes, the applications mainly come from the authority, industry, universities and research institutions. The main conclusion derived from this paper establishes that further code development is justified if the following requisites are considered: (1) Safety relevance of scenarios not presently covered is established. (2) A substantial gain in margins or the capability to use realistic assumptions is obtained. (3) A general consensus on the licensability and methodology for application is reached. The role of Regulatory Body is stressed, as the most relevant outcome of the project may be related to the evolution of the licensing frame.

  20. Heavy metal transfers between trophic compartments in different ecosystems in Galicia (Northwest Spain): Essential elements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonzalez, X.I.; Aboal, J.R.; Fernandez, J.A.; Carballeira, A.

    2008-11-15

    In the present study, we determined the concentrations of Cu, Fe, Mn, and Zn in soil and several trophic compartments at a total of 16 sampling stations. The trophic compartments studied were primary producers, represented by two species of terrestrial mosses (Pseudoescleropodium purum and Hypnum cupressiforme) and oak trees (Quercus robur or Q. pyrenaica); primary consumers, represented by the wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) and the yellow necked mouse (A. flavicollis); secondary consumers, represented by the shrew (Sorex granarius); and finally, detritivores, represented by slugs (Arion ater). Thirteen of the sampling stations were located in mature oak woodlands (Quercus sp.); two of the sampling stations were located in the area surrounding a restored lignite mine dump, and the other in an ultrabasic area. The analytical determinations revealed a lack of significant correlations among trophic compartments, possibly caused by effective regulation of metals by organisms and/or spatial variation in availability of metals from soil or food. Furthermore, the only element that showed a clear pattern of biomagnification was Cu; as for the other elements, there was always some divergence from such a pattern. Finally, the patterns of bioaccumulation in contaminated and woodland sampling stations were very similar, although there was enrichment of the concentrations of Cu, Mn, and Zn in the mice viscera, which, except for Mn, were related to higher edaphic concentrations.

  1. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Spain (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 6.32 7.77 --

  2. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Spain (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 0 0 2010's 4,117 5,918 0

  3. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Spain (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2010 0 3,149 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 968 0 2011 3,007 0 0 2,911 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2012 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2014 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ...

  4. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Spain (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2010 -- 5.69 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 8.39 -- 2011 7.96 -- -- 7.58 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2015 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 ...

  5. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Spain (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 6.32 7.77 -- -- -- --

  6. Cameron, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports Price to Spain (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 7.58

  7. U.S. and Spain Equip Second Megaport With Radiation Detectors...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    implementing President Obama's nuclear security agenda and supports the U.S. global effort to secure vulnerable nuclear material and prevent nuclear proliferation and terrorism." ...

  8. Price Liquefied Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas Exports Price to Spain (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 7.96

  9. DTOcean 4th General Meeting, Madrid, Spain (10/27-29/2015)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Sandia Labs Participated in CEM7 as Part of a Smart Grid Research Network Permalink International Conference on Integration of Renewable and Distributed Energy Resources (IRED): ...

  10. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Spain (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2010 -- 5.69 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 8.39 -- 2011 7.96 -- -- 7.58 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2012 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2013 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2014 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2015 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2016 -- --

  11. IEA Wind Task 26. Wind Technology, Cost and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States. 2007 - 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vitina, Aisma; Luers, Silke; Wallasch, Anna-Kathrin; Berkhout, Volker; Duffy, Aidan; Cleary, Brendan; Husabo, Leif I.; Weir, David E.; Lacal-Arantegui, Roberto; Hand, M. Maureen; Lantz, Eric; Belyeu, Kathy; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Hoen, Ben

    2015-06-12

    This report builds from a similar previous analysis (Schwabe et al., 2011) exploring the differences in cost of wind energy in 2008 among countries participating in IEA Wind Task 26 at that time. The levelized cost of energy (LCOE) is a widely recognized metric for understanding how technology, capital investment, operations, and financing impact the life-cycle cost of building and operating a wind plant. Schwabe et al. (2011) apply a spreadsheet-based cash flow model developed by the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) to estimate LCOE. This model is a detailed, discounted cash flow model used to represent the various cost structures in each of the participating countries from the perspective of a financial investor in a domestic wind energy project. This model is used for the present analysis as well, and comparisons are made for those countries who contributed to both reports, Denmark, Germany, and the United States.

  12. Photo-z optimization for measurements of the BAO radial scale...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    i Estudis Avancats, Barcelona (Spain) Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular (CSIC-UVEG), Valencia (Spain) Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular (CSIC-UVEG), Valencia (Spain) Publication ...

  13. A new reversal mode in exchange coupled antiferromagnetic/ferromagneti...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Universitat Autnoma de Barcelona (Spain). Departament de Fisica Universitat Autnoma de Barcelona (Spain). Departament de Fisica; Universitat Autnoma de Barcelona (Spain). ...

  14. Strong ground motion synthesis for a M=7.2 earthquake in the Gulf of Corinth, Greece using Empirical Green`s functions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hutchings, L.; Stavrakakis, G.N.; Ioannidou, E.; Wu, F.T.; Jarpe, S.; Kasameyer, P.

    1998-01-01

    We synthesize strong ground motion at three sites from a M=7.2 earthquake along the MW-trending Gulf of Cornith seismic zone. We model rupture along an 80 segment of the zone. The entire length of the fault, if activated at one time, can lead to an event comparable to that of the 1995 Kobe earthquake. With the improved digital data now routinely available, it becomes possible to use recordings of small earthquakes as empirical Green`s functions to synthesize potential ground motion for future large earthquakes. We developed a suite of 100 rupture scenarios for the earthquake and computed the commensurate strong ground motion time histories. We synthesized strong ground motion with physics-based solutions of earthquake rupture and applied physical bounds on rupture parameters. The synthesized ground motions obtained are source and site specific. By having a suite of rupture scenarios of hazardous earthquakes for a fixed magnitude and identifying the hazard to a site from the statistical distribution of engineering parameters, we have introduced a probabilistic component to the deterministic hazard calculation. The time histories suggested for engineering design are the ones that most closely match either the average or one standard deviation absolute accelerations response values.

  15. Silcio SA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search Name: Silcio SA Place: Greece Product: Silcio SA is building a PV cell and a PV module plant in Patras, Greece and expects to begin production March 2009....

  16. Savvas Zafeiratos Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Company Jump to: navigation, search Name: Savvas Zafeiratos & Company Place: Greece Zip: 15342 Sector: Buildings Product: Conducting technical projects, constructs...

  17. Chernobyl bibliography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carr, F. Jr.; Mahaffey, J.A.

    1989-09-01

    The purpose of the DOE/OHER Chernobyl Database project is to create and maintain an information system to provide usable information for research studies related to the nuclear accident. The system is the official United States repository for information about the Chernobyl accident and its consequences, and currently includes an extensive bibliography and diverse radiological measurements with supporting information. PNL has established two resources: original (not summarized) measurement data, currently about 80,000 measurements, with ancillary information; and about 2,200 bibliographic citations, some including abstracts. Major organizations that have contributed radiological measurement data include the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services; United States Environmental Protection Agency (domestic and foreign data); United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Stone Webster; Brookhaven National Laboratory; Commissariat A L'energie Atomique in France; Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food in the United Kingdom; Japan National Institute of Radiological Sciences; and the Finnish Centre For Radiation and Nuclear Safety (STUK). Scientists in Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, Denmark, England, Federal Republic of Germany, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Romania, Scotland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United States, Wales, and Yugoslavia have made contributions. Bibliographic materials have been obtained from scientists in the above countries that have replied to requests. In addition, literature searches have been conducted, including a search of the DOE Energy Database. The last search was conducted in January, 1989. This document lists the bibliographic information in the DOE/OHER Chernobyl Database at the current time.

  18. Markets to Facilitate Wind and Solar Energy Integration in the Bulk Power Supply: An IEA Task 25 Collaboration; Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milligan, M.; Holttinen, H.; Soder, L.; Clark, C.; Pineda, I.

    2012-09-01

    Wind and solar power will give rise to challenges in electricity markets regarding flexibility, capacity adequacy, and the participation of wind and solar generators to markets. Large amounts of wind power will have impacts on bulk power system markets and electricity prices. If the markets respond to increased wind power by increasing investments in low-capital, high-cost or marginal-cost power, the average price may remain in the same range. However, experiences so far from Denmark, Germany, Spain, and Ireland are such that the average market prices have decreased because of wind power. This reduction may result in additional revenue insufficiency, which may be corrected with a capacity market, yet capacity markets are difficult to design. However, the flexibility attributes of the capacity also need to be considered. Markets facilitating wind and solar integration will include possibilities for trading close to delivery (either by shorter gate closure times or intraday markets). Time steps chosen for markets can enable more flexibility to be assessed. Experience from 5- and 10-minute markets has been encouraging.

  19. Integrating Variable Renewable Energy in Electric Power Markets: Best Practices from International Experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, J.; Bird, L.; Heeter, J.; Arent, D. A.

    2012-04-01

    Many countries -- reflecting very different geographies, markets, and power systems -- are successfully managing high levels of variable renewable energy on the electric grid, including that from wind and solar energy. This study documents the diverse approaches to effective integration of variable renewable energy among six countries -- Australia (South Australia), Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Spain, and the United States (Western region-Colorado and Texas)-- and summarizes policy best practices that energy ministers and other stakeholders can pursue to ensure that electricity markets and power systems can effectively coevolve with increasing penetrations of variable renewable energy. Each country has crafted its own combination of policies, market designs, and system operations to achieve the system reliability and flexibility needed to successfully integrate renewables. Notwithstanding this diversity, the approaches taken by the countries studied all coalesce around five strategic areas: lead public engagement, particularly for new transmission; coordinate and integrate planning; develop rules for market evolution that enable system flexibility; expand access to diverse resources and geographic footprint of operations; and improve system operations. The ability to maintain a broad ecosystem perspective, to organize and make available the wealth of experiences, and to ensure a clear path from analysis to enactment should be the primary focus going forward.

  20. Tracing the HIV-1 subtype B mobility in Europe: a phylogeographic approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leitner, Thomas; Paraskevis, D; Pybus, O; Magiorkinis, G; Hatzakis, A

    2008-01-01

    The prevalence and the origin of HIV-1 subtype B, the most prevalent circulating clade among the long-term residents in Europe, have been studied extensively. However the spatial diffusion of the epidemic from the perspective of the virus has not previously been traced. In the current study we inferred the migration history of HIV-1 subtype B by way of a phylogeography of viral sequences sampled from 16 European countries and Israel. Migration events were inferred from viral phylogenies by character reconstruction using parsimony. With regard to the spatial dispersal of the HIV subtype B sequences across viral phylogenies, in most of the countries in Europe the epidemic was introduced by multiple sources and subsequently spread within local networks. Poland provides an exception where most of the infections were the result of a single point introduction. According to the significant migratory pathways, we show that there are considerable differences across Europe. Specifically, Greece, Portugal, Serbia and Spain, provide sources shedding HIV-1; Austria, Belgium and Luxembourg, on the other hand, are migratory targets, while for Denmark, Germany, Italy, Israel, Norway, the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK we inferred significant bidirectional migration. For Poland no significant migratory pathways were inferred. Subtype B phylogeographies provide a new insight about the geographical distribution of viral lineages, as well as the significant pathways of virus dispersal across Europe, suggesting that intervention strategies should also address tourists, travellers and migrants.

  1. Comparison of MACCS users calculations for the international comparison exercise on probabilistic accident consequence assessment code, October 1989--June 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neymotin, L.

    1994-04-01

    Over the past several years, the OECD/NEA and CEC sponsored an international program intercomparing a group of six probabilistic consequence assessment (PCA) codes designed to simulate health and economic consequences of radioactive releases into atmosphere of radioactive materials following severe accidents at nuclear power plants (NPPs): ARANO (Finland), CONDOR (UK), COSYMA (CEC), LENA (Sweden), MACCS (USA), and OSCAAR (Japan). In parallel with this effort, two separate groups performed similar calculations using the MACCS and COSYMA codes. Results produced in the MACCS Users Group (Greece, Italy, Spain, and USA) calculations and their comparison are contained in the present report. Version 1.5.11.1 of the MACCS code was used for the calculations. Good agreement between the results produced in the four participating calculations has been reached, with the exception of the results related to the ingestion pathway dose predictions. The main reason for the scatter in those particular results is attributed to the lack of a straightforward implementation of the specifications for agricultural production and counter-measures criteria provided for the exercise. A significantly smaller scatter in predictions of other consequences was successfully explained by differences in meteorological files and weather sampling, grids, rain distance intervals, dispersion model options, and population distributions.

  2. Environmental screening tools for assessment of infrastructure plans based on biodiversity preservation and global warming (PEIT, Spain)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garcia-Montero, Luis G.

    2010-04-15

    Most Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) research has been concerned with SEA as a procedure, and there have been relatively few developments and tests of analytical methodologies. The first stage of the SEA is the 'screening', which is the process whereby a decision is taken on whether or not SEA is required for a particular programme or plan. The effectiveness of screening and SEA procedures will depend on how well the assessment fits into the planning from the early stages of the decision-making process. However, it is difficult to prepare the environmental screening for an infrastructure plan involving a whole country. To be useful, such methodologies must be fast and simple. We have developed two screening tools which would make it possible to estimate promptly the overall impact an infrastructure plan might have on biodiversity and global warming for a whole country, in order to generate planning alternatives, and to determine whether or not SEA is required for a particular infrastructure plan.

  3. Depositional sequences and fluvial architecture in the Cameros extension basin, north-central Spain, upper Jurassic-lower cretaceous

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clemente, P. )

    1993-09-01

    In the Tithonian-Berriasian and Aptian, basin fill of the Cameros basin is formed by a depositional megasequence of fluvial and lacustrine sediments. Basin evolution is related the second state of rifting in the North Atlantic. In the first stages of extension, the basin is compartmentalized due to differential subsidence. As the extension continues, the subbasins merge to form one large basin. The megasequence is subdivided into five unconformity-bounded depositional sequences (SD1-SD5). Each sequence has a duration of 2.5-10 m.y. and a thickness of 400-1200 m. the internal sequence architecture is formed by a thick fluvial depositional system, which toward the top is overlapped by an expanding lacustrine facies. The architecture of the fluvial systems in depositional sequences SD1-SD3 consists of small, isolated sandstone bodies in a mudstone matrix, and results from the evolution of distal, high-sinuosity fluvio-lacustrine coastal plains. Depositional mixed (conglomeratic sandstone) and sandstone bodies. They originate from wider and nonconfined fluvial systems (conglomeratic and sandy braid plains). In SD5 this facies interfingers with a second fluvial system dominated by ephemeral streams. The evolution of fluvial architecture is controlled by the balance between subsidence, sediment supply, and relative sea level change. In a reservoir-equivalent setting, the understanding of this evolutionary process and its resultant architecture provides a better insight in reservoir distribution and interconnectedness.

  4. Hidralia Energia | Open Energy Information

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    Hidralia Energia Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hidralia Energia Place: Spain Sector: Hydro, Solar Product: Small hydro and solar project developer located in Spain. References:...

  5. Prosolia Energia Solar | Open Energy Information

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    Prosolia Energia Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name: Prosolia Energia Solar Place: Ontinyent, Valencia, Spain Product: Develops PV projects in Spain, and sells them to...

  6. Affirma Energia Solar | Open Energy Information

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    Affirma Energia Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name: Affirma Energia Solar Place: Madrid, Spain Zip: 28046 Sector: Solar Product: Spain-based that is involved with the...

  7. Energia Igesol SL | Open Energy Information

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    Igesol SL Jump to: navigation, search Name: Energia Igesol SL Place: Valladolid, Spain Zip: 47003 Product: Engineers PV projects in Spain, in partnership with Grupo Pevafersa....

  8. Amda Energia | Open Energy Information

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    Amda Energia Jump to: navigation, search Name: Amda Energia Place: Zaragoza, Spain Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Spain-based renewable energy developer. References: Amda...

  9. Abener Ghenova | Open Energy Information

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    Ghenova Place: Spain Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Joint venture between Abener Energia and Ghesa to build renewable projects in Spain. References: Abener Ghenova1 This...

  10. Sky Solar Global SA | Open Energy Information

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    Global SA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sky Solar Global SA Place: Madrid, Spain Zip: 28046 Product: Project developer, and distributor of Chinese PV modules to Spain and...

  11. Rotartica | Open Energy Information

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    (Bizkaia), Spain Zip: 48970 Product: Spain-based, manufacturer of compact LiBr absorption chillers (suitable for detached houses). References: Rotartica1 This article is a...

  12. Protermosolar | Open Energy Information

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    Place: Sevilla, Spain Zip: 41092 Sector: Solar Product: Association of Solar Ther Electricity Generation (STEG) and equipment providers in Spain References:...

  13. Preneal SA | Open Energy Information

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    Preneal SA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Preneal SA Place: Madrid, Spain Zip: 28006 Product: Independent project developer in Spain References: Preneal SA1 This article is a...

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  15. Alterna Recursos Energetics SL | Open Energy Information

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    search Name: Alterna Recursos Energetics SL Place: Les Franqueses del Valls, Spain Zip: 8520 Product: Spain-based installer and marketer of roof-mounted PV systems....

  16. Helium Energy | Open Energy Information

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    Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Helium Energy Place: Spain Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Spain-based renewable energy development company. References: Helium Energy1...

  17. Agrufoto | Open Energy Information

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    Agrufoto Jump to: navigation, search Name: Agrufoto Place: Spain Sector: Solar Product: A Spanish consultancy firm that is developing a solar PV plant in Caceres, Spain....

  18. Geserv | Open Energy Information

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  19. Nobesol | Open Energy Information

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  1. Energias Eolicas Europeas Holding SA | Open Energy Information

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    Grupovi Jump to: navigation, search Name: Grupovi Place: Spain Sector: Solar Product: Spanish real estate agency developing solar projects in Spain with Ecotecnia. References:...

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    Castellwind Jump to: navigation, search Name: Castellwind Place: Spain Sector: Wind energy Product: A Spain-based wind farm developer. References: Castellwind1 This article is a...

  6. Desarrollos Eolicos SA DESA | Open Energy Information

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    SA DESA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Desarrollos Eolicos SA (DESA) Place: Sevilla, Spain Zip: 41007 Sector: Wind energy Product: Wind project developer in Spain. References:...

  7. Suntrack P4Q Electronics SL | Open Energy Information

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    SL Jump to: navigation, search Name: Suntrack (P4Q Electronics SL) Place: Alonsotegi, Spain Zip: 48810 Sector: Solar Product: Spain-based firm that manufactures...

  8. Ekisolar | Open Energy Information

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    Ekisolar Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ekisolar Place: Miano, Spain Zip: 1510 Product: Spain-based installer of residential and commercial PV systems. Coordinates:...

  9. Factor CO2 | Open Energy Information

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    Factor CO2 Jump to: navigation, search Name: Factor CO2 Place: Bilbao, Spain Zip: 48008 Product: Spain-based consultancy specializing in climate change projects. References: Factor...

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  11. Inceisa SA | Open Energy Information

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    Inceisa SA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inceisa SA Place: Pampulona, Spain Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Renewable developer in Spain. Coordinates: 42.812752, -1.64375...

  12. Global Renewable Power International Global RPI | Open Energy...

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    to: navigation, search Name: Global Renewable Power International (Global RPI) Place: Spain Sector: Wind energy Product: Spain-based developer of wind projects in Poland, Croatia...

  13. Social Energy | Open Energy Information

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    Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Social Energy Place: Barcelona, Spain Zip: 8029 Product: Barcelona-based PV system developer and EPC contractor for projects in Spain, the...

  14. Solarvalue | Open Energy Information

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    Solarvalue Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solarvalue Place: Spain Product: Small project developer in Spain. References: Solarvalue1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  15. Invall | Open Energy Information

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    Invall Jump to: navigation, search Name: Invall Place: Spain Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Spain-based engineering and consultancy company. The company works in the fields of...

  16. Maessa Telecommunications MAETEL | Open Energy Information

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    MAETEL Jump to: navigation, search Name: Maessa Telecommunications (MAETEL) Place: Spain Sector: Services, Solar Product: Spain-based engineering contractor provides services...

  17. Telvent | Open Energy Information

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    Telvent Jump to: navigation, search Name: Telvent Place: Madrid, Spain Sector: Services Product: Spain-based company specializing in electrical and technical service and process...

  18. Almacena (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information

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    Almacena (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Almacena Country Spain Headquarters Location Carmona, Spain Coordinates 37.317753, -5.625 Loading map......

  19. Berge Generacion | Open Energy Information

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    Generacion Jump to: navigation, search Name: Berge Generacion Place: Madrid, Spain Zip: 28014 Product: Madrid-based PV project developer located in Spain. References: Berge...

  20. Norvento Ingeniera SA | Open Energy Information

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    Ingeniera SA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Norvento Ingeniera SA Place: Lugo, Spain Zip: 27002 Sector: Renewable Energy, Services, Wind energy Product: Spain-based engineering...

  1. EMPE Solar | Open Energy Information

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    EMPE Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name: EMPE Solar Place: Spain Product: Developing projects using new module technology, in Spain. References: EMPE Solar1 This article is a...

  2. Anasol SL | Open Energy Information

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    Anasol SL Jump to: navigation, search Name: Anasol SL Place: Marbella, Spain Sector: Solar Product: A Solar PV project developer, located in Marbella, Spain. References: Anasol...

  3. Mitsubishi Acciona JV | Open Energy Information

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    Acciona JV Jump to: navigation, search Name: Mitsubishi & Acciona JV Place: Madrid, Spain Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Spain-based JV aimed at developing renewable energy...

  4. Futuro Sinergy | Open Energy Information

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    Sinergy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Futuro Sinergy Place: Almeria, Spain Sector: Solar Product: Spain-based solar project developer. Coordinates: 41.828529, -99.542875...

  5. Endesa Cogeneracion y Renovables ECYR | Open Energy Information

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    ECYR Jump to: navigation, search Name: Endesa Cogeneracion y Renovables (ECYR) Place: Spain Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Spain-based, cogeneration and renewable energy...

  6. Inveravante | Open Energy Information

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    Inveravante Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inveravante Place: La Corua, Spain Zip: 15005 Sector: Wind energy Product: Spanish firm developing wind farms in Spain and Latin...

  7. Technosun | Open Energy Information

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    Technosun Jump to: navigation, search Name: Technosun Place: Spain Sector: Solar Product: Solar products distributor based in Valencia, Spain. References: Technosun1 This article...

  8. Gransolar | Open Energy Information

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    Gransolar Jump to: navigation, search Name: Gransolar Place: Madrid, Spain Zip: 28034 Product: Madrid based developer of PV projects in Spain and ITaly. References: Gransolar1...

  9. Iniciativas Energeticas Renovables | Open Energy Information

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    Renovables Jump to: navigation, search Name: Iniciativas Energeticas Renovables Place: Spain Sector: Wind energy Product: Wind power project manager in Navarra, Spain. References:...

  10. Spanish Wind Energy Association AEE | Open Energy Information

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  11. Phase development in conventional and active belite cement pastes...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Departamento de Quimica Inorganica, Universidad de Malaga, 29071 Malaga (Spain) European ... Benjamin Franklin, 17 Paterna, Valencia (Spain) Departamento de Quimica Inorganica, ...

  12. Sunhunter | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sunhunter Place: Spain Product: Sunhunter installs and manages medium- to large PV plants for investors in Spain. References: Sunhunter1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  13. Petratherm Enel Green JV | Open Energy Information

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    Enel Green JV Jump to: navigation, search Name: Petratherm & Enel Green JV Place: Spain Sector: Geothermal energy Product: Spain-based JV geothermal project developer. References:...

  14. Ingeteam | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Pamplona, Spain Zip: 31008 Sector: Biomass, Hydro, Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product: Spain-based firm that develops and supplies control and regulation...

  15. Theoretical description of magnetocaloric effect in the shape...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Institute of Magnetism, Kyiv 03142 (Ukraine) (Ukraine) (Russian Federation) BCMaterials and University of Basque Country, UPVEHU, Bilbao 48080 (Spain) (Spain) Publication Date: ...

  16. Analysis of the Phlebiopsis gigantea Genome, Transcriptome and...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Univ. of Tokyo (Japan) Univ. of Toronto, ON (Canada) Univ. of Zaragoza (Spain) Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Madrid (Spain) Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN (United ...

  17. DERIREC 22@Microgrid (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information

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    DERIREC 22@Microgrid (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name DERIREC 22@Microgrid Country Spain Headquarters Location Barcelona, Spain Coordinates...

  18. Minicentrales SA MICSA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (MICSA) Place: Madrid, Spain Zip: 28006 Sector: Hydro Product: Madrid-based independent power producer & owner of several mini-hydro generating facilities in Spain. References:...

  19. Prehenita SL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Spain Product: A local Spanish geological consulting company that has extensive knowledge of Spain(tm)s geology. References: Prehenita SL1 This article is a stub. You...

  20. Encalsa | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Encalsa Jump to: navigation, search Name: Encalsa Place: Spain Product: Ethanol producer and project developer that operates in Spain. References: Encalsa1 This article is a...

  1. Tebar Eolica | Open Energy Information

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    Tebar Eolica Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tebar Eolica Place: Spain Sector: Wind energy Product: Owner and developer of the Las Lomillas wind project in Tebar, Spain....

  2. Gamesa Santana Joint Venture | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Gamesa Santana Joint Venture Place: Spain Sector: Wind energy Product: Wind turbine manufacturing joint venture in Spain. References: Gamesa Santana Joint Venture1 This article...

  3. Ingenia Solar Energy | Open Energy Information

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    Ingenia Solar Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ingenia Solar Energy Place: Madrid, Spain Zip: 28034 Product: Spain-based technical consultant for PV projects. Coordinates:...

  4. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Europe: Spain, Italy, Bulgaria Asia: South Korea, India, Thailand 3 Renewable Operations Centers (ROC): * North America: Belmont, CA * Europe: Madrid, Spain * Asia: ...

  5. Bionor Transformacion | Open Energy Information

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    search Name: Bionor Transformacion Place: Alava, Spain Zip: 1218 Product: Spain-based biodiesel project developer. References: Bionor Transformacion1 This article is a stub. You...

  6. Iniciativas Bioenergeticas | Open Energy Information

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    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Iniciativas Bioenergeticas Place: Spain Product: Biodiesel producer developing a 300mLpa plant in Spain References: Iniciativas...

  7. Biocarburantes del Estrecho | Open Energy Information

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    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Biocarburantes del Estrecho Place: Spain Product: Biodiesel producer setting up a plant in Peurto de Cueta, Spain. References: Biocarburantes...

  8. Grupo Inerzia | Open Energy Information

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    Inerzia Jump to: navigation, search Name: Grupo Inerzia Place: Mutilva Baja, Spain Zip: 31192 Sector: Wind energy Product: Spain based wind project developer. References: Grupo...

  9. Grupo Prosolar Malaga SA | Open Energy Information

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    Malaga SA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Grupo Prosolar Malaga SA Place: Mlaga, Spain Zip: 29012 Product: A PV system integrator based in Malaga, Spain. Coordinates:...

  10. Technological Institute of Renewable Energy ITER | Open Energy...

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    to: navigation, search Name: Technological Institute of Renewable Energy (ITER) Place: Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain Zip: 38611 Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: Spain-based,...

  11. Fersa Energias Renovables SA | Open Energy Information

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  12. Acciona Renault Nissan Alliance JV | Open Energy Information

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    Acciona & Renault-Nissan Alliance JV Place: Spain Sector: Vehicles Product: Spain-based joint venture to promote electric vehicles. References: Acciona & Renault-Nissan Alliance...

  13. Forecasting the northern African dust outbreak towards Europe...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Exeter (United Kingdom) Meteorological State Agency of Spain (AEMET), Barcelona (Spain) NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York (United States); Columbia Univ., New ...

  14. Lobosillo Murcia investment cooperative | Open Energy Information

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    navigation, search Name: Lobosillo, Murcia investment cooperative Place: Spain Sector: Solar Product: Group of local individual investors in a solar PV project in Murcia, Spain....

  15. Barner Investment | Open Energy Information

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    Barner Investment Jump to: navigation, search Name: Barner Investment Place: Spain Sector: Wind energy Product: Develops wind farm in Spain. References: Barner Investment1 This...

  16. Essentium Bluefield JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Essentium & Bluefield JV Place: Spain Sector: Solar Product: Spain-based solar photovoltaic project developer. References: Essentium & Bluefield JV1 This article is a stub....

  17. EHN ETVE SA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    SA Jump to: navigation, search Name: EHN ETVE SA Place: Spain Product: Spain-based, umbrella company for EHN's international power generation businesses. References: EHN ETVE...

  18. Free Power SL | Open Energy Information

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    Power SL Jump to: navigation, search Name: Free Power SL Place: Barcelona, Spain Zip: 8110 Sector: Solar Product: Distributor of products to the solar power industry in Spain....

  19. c5nr01856k 9878..9885 ++

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Universitat de Barcelona, Marti i Franques 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain cDepartament de Fisica, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain dICN2 - ...

  20. Setting the Standard for Industrial Energy Efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKane, Aimee; Williams, Robert; Perry, Wayne; Li, Tienan

    2007-06-01

    Industrial motor-driven systems use more than 2194 billionkWh annually on a global basis and offer one of the largest opportunitiesfor energy savings.1 The International Energy Agency estimates thatoptimization of motor driven systems could reduce global electricitydemand by 7 percent through the application of commercially availabletechnologies and using well-tested engineering practices. Yet manyindustrial firms remain either unaware of or unable to achieve theseenergy savings. The same factors that make it so challenging to achieveand sustain energy efficiency in motor-driven systems (complexity,frequent changes) apply to the production processes that they support.Yet production processes typically operate within a narrow band ofacceptable performance. These processes are frequently incorporated intoISO 9000/14000 quality and environmental management systems, whichrequire regular, independent audits to maintain ISO certification, anattractive value for international trade. It is our contention that acritical step in achieving and sustaining energy efficiency ofmotor-driven systems specifically, and industrial energy efficiencygenerally, is the adoption of a corporate energy management standard thatis consistent with current industrial quality and environmentalmanagement systems such as ISO. Several energy management standardscurrently exist (US, Denmark, Ireland, Sweden) and specifications(Germany, Netherlands) others are planned (China, Spain, Brazil, Korea).This paper presents the current status of energy management standardsdevelopment internationally, including an analysis of their sharedfeatures and differences, in terms of content, promulgation, andimplementation. The purpose of the analysis is to describe the currentstate of "best practices" for this emerging area of energy efficiencypolicymaking and tosuggest next steps toward the creation of a trulyinternational energy management standard that is consistent with the ISOprinciples of measurement

  1. West Clare Renewable Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    United Kingdom Sector: Wind energy Product: A wind project developer established to build the Mount Callan wind farm in County Clare Ireland. References: West Clare Renewable...

  2. Westwind Wind Turbines | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ireland based small scale wind turbine manufacturer which originally started in Australia. References: Westwind Wind Turbines1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

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    Airtricity Developments NI Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Airtricity Developments NI Ltd Place: Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom Zip: BT2 7AF Sector: Wind energy...

  4. Ocean Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    Ocean Energy Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ocean Energy Ltd Address: 3 Casement Square Place: Cobh Region: Ireland Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone Number:...

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    LotusWorks Jump to: navigation, search Name: LotusWorks Place: Ireland Product: Engineering, technical and construction management service provider. References: LotusWorks1 This...

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    Clearpower Technology Jump to: navigation, search Name: Clearpower Technology Place: Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom Zip: BT3 9DT Sector: Wind energy Product: Clearpower...

  7. Organic Power | Open Energy Information

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    Power Jump to: navigation, search Name: Organic Power Place: Ireland Sector: Biomass, Hydro, Wind energy Product: Irish project developer active in wind energy, combined heat and...

  8. Joules Energy Efficiency Services Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    Joules Energy Efficiency Services Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Joules Energy Efficiency Services Ltd Address: 10 Edenderry Rd Place: Belfast Zip: BY8 8LD Region: Ireland...

  9. Kedco Group | Open Energy Information

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    Co. Cork, Ireland Product: Cork-based project developer of biogas and gasification plants; also active in the residential heating sector. References: Kedco Group1 This...

  10. LGC Skyrota | Open Energy Information

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    Wind energy Product: Northern Ireland-based producer of small wind turbines and maintenance company for large turbines. References: LGC Skyrota1 This article is a stub. You...

  11. Mainstream Renewable Power | Open Energy Information

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    Name: Mainstream Renewable Power Place: Dublin, Ireland Zip: 18 Sector: Ocean, Solar, Wind energy Product: Developer of wind farms, solar, thermal and ocean stream projects....

  12. Surface Power Technologies | Open Energy Information

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    to: navigation, search Name: Surface Power Technologies Place: Ireland Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: An Irish company supplying solar and micro-wind energy systems and...

  13. WWS_LorrieC157L_0915

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ireland Italy Japan Kenya Latvia Lesotho Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mauritius Mexico Mozambique Nepal The Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Norway ...

  14. A theoretical investigation of the influence of gold nanosphere...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... CRANN, Trinity College Dublin, College Green, Dublin 2 (Ireland) Publication Date: ... Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Country of Publication: ...

  15. TWP93.0100104 DOC#: TWP-DOC-1.4 SCIENCE AND SITING STRATEGY FOR...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Experiment (PROBE), which was carried out in Kavieng, New Ireland, Papua New Guinea, in conjunction with the TOGA Coupled Ocean Atmosphere Response Experiment (Figure 3). ...

  16. X:\\ARM_19~1\\P245-258.WPD

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Atmospheric Response Experiment (COARE), and was sited at Kavieng, New Ireland, Papua New Guinea ( The CSIRO Division of Atmospheric Research (DAR) lidar and radiometer was ...

  17. Tropical Western Pacific T. Ackerman Pennsylvania Sate University

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... conducted a Pilot Radiation Observation Experiment (PROBE) from November 1992 through February 1993 at a site in Kavieng, New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea (2034'S, 150048'E). ...

  18. SolarPrint | Open Energy Information

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    search Name: SolarPrint Place: Dublin, Ireland Sector: Solar Product: Irish solar cell manufacturer. The company developed DSSC technology. References: SolarPrint1 This...

  19. Ellergreen Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    England, United Kingdom Zip: LA9 5SE Sector: Hydro Product: Develops, operates and finances small hydro sites in Great Britain and Ireland. References: Ellergreen Energy1 This...

  20. Interface and thickness dependent domain switching and stability...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland, Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Research, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, ...

  1. Microsoft Word - 122006 - Mirant Potomac River LLC - Monthly...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ... Carolina Ohio Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina Texas Virginia Washington Wisconsin Azerbaijan Belgium Bolivia Brazil China England France Germany Ireland Italy Japan ...

  2. Graphene nanoribbon molecular sensor based on inelastic transport...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Ritter, C. 1 ; Muniz, R. B. ; Latg, A. 2 + Show Author Affiliations School of Physics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland) Instituto de Fsica, Universidade ...

  3. Wavebob | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wavebob Address: H3 Maynooth Business Campus Place: Maynooth Region: Ireland Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone Number: +353 (0)1 651 0177...

  4. Jura Energija | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energija Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jura Energija Place: Germany Sector: Wind energy Product: German company active in developing wind farms in Germany, Croatia and Greece....

  5. Ilioependytiki s a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ilioependytiki s a Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ilioependytiki s.a. Place: Galatsi, Greece Product: Greek company active in electricity trading with focus on PV installations...

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    THEMELIODOMI S A Jump to: navigation, search Name: THEMELIODOMI S.A. Place: Thessaloniki, Greece Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: Thessaloniki-based, group consisting of a...

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    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Resource Relation: Conference: Proposed for presentation at the UNCECOMP held May 25-27, 2015 in Heraklion, Greece. Research Org: Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-CA), Livermore, ...

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    714271111,00.html Country: Sweden, Finland, Japan, South Korea, Argentina, Australia, China, Israel, United Kingdom, Portugal, Romania, Greece, Poland, Slovakia, Chile, India,...

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Argos, Greece Sector: Solar Product: Makes solar passive systems, particularly collectors and absorbers. Coordinates: 41.23725, -86.245919 Show Map Loading map......

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solar Investments SA formerly Hellenic Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name: Creative Energy Solar Investments SA (formerly Hellenic Solar) Place: 18538 Piraeus, Greece Product:...