Sample records for iran threat reduction

  1. Radiological Threat Reduction | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection Radiation Protection Regulations:Radiological Threat Reduction SHARE

  2. Metamaterials for threat reduction applications: imaging, signal processing, and cloaking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metamaterials for threat reduction applications: imaging, signal processing, and cloaking R. D effort is underway to fill this "THz gap" in view of potential threat reduction applications) and Theoretical Divisions, are exploring metamaterials-based de- vices operating at THz frequencies for threat

  3. NNSA's Global Threat Reduction Initiative launches mobile app...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Press Releases Video Gallery Photo Gallery Jobs Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home NNSA Blog NNSA's Global Threat Reduction Initiative launches mobile app...

  4. NNSA's Global Threat Reduction Initiative Removes More Than One...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Press Releases Video Gallery Photo Gallery Jobs Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home NNSA Blog NNSA's Global Threat Reduction Initiative Removes More ......

  5. DEFENSE THREAT REDUCTION AGENCY 8725 JOHN J . KINGMAN ROAD, STOP 620 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spence, Harlan Ernest

    DEFENSE THREAT REDUCTION AGENCY 8725 JOHN J . KINGMAN ROAD, STOP 620 1 FORT BELVOIR, VA 22060-6201 February 28, 2013 Industry and Academia Partners of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency and U.S. Strategic of unceltainty for the entire Department of Defense. The Def1 ns Threat Reduction Agency and U. S. Strategic

  6. Natural Gas Exports from Iran

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This assessment of the natural gas sector in Iran, with a focus on Iran’s natural gas exports, was prepared pursuant to section 505 (a) of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (Public Law No: 112-158). As requested, it includes: (1) an assessment of exports of natural gas from Iran; (2) an identification of the countries that purchase the most natural gas from Iran; (3) an assessment of alternative supplies of natural gas available to those countries; (4) an assessment of the impact a reduction in exports of natural gas from Iran would have on global natural gas supplies and the price of natural gas, especially in countries identified under number (2); and (5) such other information as the Administrator considers appropriate.

  7. Global threat reduction initiative Russian nuclear material removal progress

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cummins, Kelly [DOE/NNSA (United States); Bolshinsky, Igor [INL/NNSA (United States)

    2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In December 1999 representatives from the United States, the Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) started discussing a program to return to Russia Soviet- or Russian-supplied highly enriched uranium (HEU) fuel stored at the Russian-designed research reactors outside Russia. Trilateral discussions among the United States, Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have identified more than 20 research reactors in 17 countries that have Soviet- or Russian-supplied HEU fuel. The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program is an important aspect of the U.S. Government's commitment to cooperate with the other nations to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons-usable proliferation-attractive nuclear materials. To date, 496 kilograms of Russian-origin HEU have been shipped to Russia from Serbia, Latvia, Libya, Uzbekistan, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Germany, and the Czech Republic. The pilot spent fuel shipment from Uzbekistan to Russia was completed in April 2006. (author)

  8. AMBASSADOR BONNIE D. JENKINS Coordinator, Threat Reduction Programs,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to address these challenges? How can PNNL's capabilities--from basic science through technology development, deployment, and training--address emerging threats? For more information, please contact PNNL's Center for Global Security. Jana Fankhauser, Director, jana.fankhauser@pnl.gov · http://cgs.pnnl.gov PNNL-SA-78562

  9. The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's Orphan Source Recovery Project in the Russian Federation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Russell, J. W. [NSTec; Ahumada, A. D. [NSTec; Blanchard, T. A. [NNSA

    2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    After 9/11, officials at the United States Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) grew more concerned about radiological materials that were vulnerable to theft and illicit use around the world. The concern was that terrorists could combine stolen radiological materials with explosives to build and detonate a radiological dispersal device (RDD), more commonly known as a “dirty bomb.” In response to this and other terrorist threats, the DOE/NNSA formed what is now known as the Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) to consolidate and accelerate efforts to reduce and protect vulnerable nuclear and radiological materials located at civilian sites worldwide. Although a cooperative program was already underway in the Russian Federation to secure nuclear materials at a range of different facilities, thousands of sealed radioactive sources remained vulnerable at medical, research, and industrial sites. In response, GTRI began to focus efforts on addressing these materials. GTRI’s Russia Orphan Source Recovery Project, managed at the Nevada National Security Site’s North Las Vegas facility, was initiated in 2002. Throughout the life of the project, Joint Stock Company “Isotope” has served as the primary Russian subcontractor, and the organization has proven to be a successful partner. Since the first orphan source recovery of an industrial cobalt-60 irradiator with 647 curies (Ci) at an abandoned facility in Moscow in 2003, the GTRI Orphan Source Recovery Project in the Russian Federation has accomplished substantial levels of threat reduction. To date, GTRI has recovered and securely disposed of more than 5,100 sources totaling more that 628,000 Ci. This project serves as an extraordinary example of how international cooperation can be implemented by partners with mutual interests to achieve significant goals.

  10. Global Threat Reduction Initiative Fuel-Thermo-Physical Characterization Project Quality Assurance Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pereira, Mario M.; Slonecker, Bruce D.

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The charter of the Fuel Thermo-Physical Characterization Project is to ready Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) facilities and processes for the receipt of unirradiated and irradiated low enriched uranium (LEU) molybdenum (U-Mo) fuel element samples, and to perform analysis to support the Global Threat Reduction Initiative conversion program. PNNL’s support for the program will include the establishment of post-irradiation examination processes, including thermo-physical properties, unique to the U.S. Department of Energy laboratories. These processes will ultimately support the submission of the base fuel qualification (BFQ) to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and revisions to High Performance Research Reactor Safety Analysis Reports to enable conversion from highly enriched uranium to LEU fuel. This quality assurance plan (QAP) provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that support the NRC BFQ. This QAP is designed to be used by project staff, and prescribes the required management control elements that are to be met and how they are implemented. Additional controls are captured in Fuel Thermo-Physical Characterization Project plans, existing procedures, and procedures to be developed that provide supplemental information on how work is conducted on the project.

  11. An overview of the global threat reduction initiative's physical protection work in Tanzania.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Banzi, Firmi Paul (Tanzania Atomic Energy Commission Arusha, United Republic of Tanzania); Itamura, Michael Takeshi (U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration, Washington, DC); Robinson, Phillip W. (U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration, Washington, DC); Strosinski, Micheal Vernon

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) established the Global Threat Reduction Initiative's (GTRI) mission to reduce and protect nuclear and radiological materials located at civilian sites worldwide. Internationally, over 80 countries are cooperating with GTRI to enhance security of facilities with these materials. In 2004, a GTRI delegation began working with the Tanzania Atomic Energy Commission, (TAEC). The team conducted site assessments for the physical protection of radiological materials in Tanzania. Today, GTRI and the Government of Tanzania continue cooperative efforts to enhance physical security at several radiological sites, including a central sealed-source storage facility, and sites in the cities of Arusha, Dar Es Salaam, and Tanga. This paper describes the scope of physical protection work, lessons learned, and plans for future cooperation between the GTRI program and the TAEC. Additionally the paper will review the cooperative efforts between TAEC and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) with regards to a remote monitoring system at a storage facility and to the repackaging of radioactive sources.

  12. Global Threat Reduction Initiative Fuel Thermo-Physical Characterization Project: Sample Management Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casella, Amanda J.; Pereira, Mario M.; Steen, Franciska H.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This sample management plan provides guidelines for sectioning, preparation, acceptance criteria, analytical path, and end-of-life disposal for the fuel element segments utilized in the Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI), Fuel Thermo-Physical Characterization Project. The Fuel Thermo-Physical Characterization Project is tasked with analysis of irradiated Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) Molybdenum (U-Mo) fuel element samples to support the GTRI conversion program. Sample analysis may include optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) fuel-surface interface analysis, gas pycnometry (density) measurements, laser flash analysis (LFA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetry and differential thermal analysis with mass spectroscopy (TG /DTA-MS), Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectrophotometry (ICP), alpha spectroscopy, and Thermal Ionization Mass Spectroscopy (TIMS). The project will utilize existing Radiochemical Processing Laboratory (RPL) operating, technical, and administrative procedures for sample receipt, processing, and analyses. Test instructions (TIs), which are documents used to provide specific details regarding the implementation of an existing RPL approved technical or operational procedure, will also be used to communicate to staff project specific parameters requested by the Principal Investigator (PI). TIs will be developed, reviewed, and issued in accordance with the latest revision of the RPL-PLN-700, RPL Operations Plan. Additionally, the PI must approve all project test instructions and red-line changes to test instructions.

  13. Global Threat Reduction Initiative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemner, Ken

    the dual application of splitting the atom, U.S. policy towards civilian use of highly enriched uranium and test reactors fueled first with low enriched uranium (LEU) and then later with HEU. By the early 1970s as the nuclear material protection and removal programs. Since 1978, under RERTR and more recently under GTRI

  14. Global Threat Reduction Initiative

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaefer To: CongestionDevelopment of a downholeReactors |Department ofGraphic

  15. Global Threat Reduction Initiative

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently Asked Questions for DOE FY 2011Talley,GENIIFY14 BudgetHollettGive UsDepartment ofGlobal

  16. Iran at the Crossroads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pahlavi, Reza

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Clerical Regime in Iran in order to stage the perceptionthat political candidates in Iran are exclusively confinedstyle charade, as a sign of Iran's flourishing new democracy

  17. Iran in History Iran in History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    1 Iran in History Iran in History by Bernard Lewis In attempting to attain some perspective on Iran. These events have been variously seen in Iran: by some as a blessing, the advent of the true faith, the end remarkable difference between what happened in Iran and what happened in all the other countries

  18. BOMB THREAT CALL PROCEDURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Ting

    THREAT CALL PROCEDURES BOMB THREAT CHECKLIST Date: Time: Time Caller Phone Number Where Hung Up: Call Received:Most bomb threats are received by phone. Bomb threats are serious until proven otherwise. Act threat is received by phone: 1. Remain calm. Keep the caller on the line for as long as possible. DO

  19. Vacuoles: a hollow threat?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaksh, Tony L.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2 EDITORIALS Vacuoles: a hollow threat? Tony L. Yaksh, PhDthat Vacuoles: a hollow threat? provided by procaine anda l’esprit : Vacuoles: a hollow threat? Ces vacuoles acides

  20. Research Article Signaling Threat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, James J.

    Research Article Signaling Threat How Situational Cues Affect Women in Math, Science and organization,canmake potentialtargetsvulnerabletosocial identity threat.Objective and subjective measuresofidentity threat were collected from male and female math, science, and engineering (MSE) majors who watched

  1. Insider Threat Program

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    To establish responsibilities and requirements for the Department of Energy (DOE) Insider Threat Program (ITP) to deter, detect, and mitigate insider threat actions by Federal and contractor employees in accordance with the requirements of Executive Order 13587, the National Insider Threat Policy and Minimum Standards for Executive Branch Insider Threat Programs and other government-wide and DOE requirements. Does not cancel other directives.

  2. Cyber threat metrics.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frye, Jason Neal; Veitch, Cynthia K.; Mateski, Mark Elliot; Michalski, John T.; Harris, James Mark; Trevino, Cassandra M.; Maruoka, Scott

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Threats are generally much easier to list than to describe, and much easier to describe than to measure. As a result, many organizations list threats. Fewer describe them in useful terms, and still fewer measure them in meaningful ways. This is particularly true in the dynamic and nebulous domain of cyber threats - a domain that tends to resist easy measurement and, in some cases, appears to defy any measurement. We believe the problem is tractable. In this report we describe threat metrics and models for characterizing threats consistently and unambiguously. The purpose of this report is to support the Operational Threat Assessment (OTA) phase of risk and vulnerability assessment. To this end, we focus on the task of characterizing cyber threats using consistent threat metrics and models. In particular, we address threat metrics and models for describing malicious cyber threats to US FCEB agencies and systems.

  3. Essays on Fertility, Gender Preference and Family Planning in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GHOBADI, NEGAR

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Population Policy Changes in Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . .v 3.3.2 Iran’s Current Health Data . . . . . . . . . . . . .Case of Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  4. Reading Arendt in Iran/Reading Iran through Arendt: Speech,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    Reading Arendt in Iran/Reading Iran through Arendt: Speech, Action, and the Question Arendt in Iran/Reading Iran through Arendt: Speech, Action, and the Question of Street Politics for Arendt readers in the postrevolutionary context of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Arendt's skepticism

  5. BOMB THREAT CALL PROCEDURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyce, Richard L.

    BOMB THREAT CALL PROCEDURES WHO TO CONTACT (select one) · Follow your local guidelines · Federal Protective Service (FPS) Police 1-877-4-FPS-411 (1-877-437-7411) · 911 Most bomb threats are received by phone. Bomb threats are serious until proven otherwise. Act quickly, but remain calm and obtain

  6. Reduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  7. Nuclear threats from small states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kahan, J.H.

    1994-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    What are the policy implications regarding proliferation and counter proliferation of nuclear weapons among Third World states. How does deterrence operate outside the parameters of superpower confrontation as defined by the cold war elaborate system of constraints enforced by concepts like mutual assured destruction, and counter-value and counter-force targeting. How can US policymakers devise contingencies for dealing with nuclear threats posed by countries like North Korea, Libya, Iraq, Iran, and Syria. These are some of the unsettling but nevertheless important questions addressed by the author in this monograph. In his analysis, Mr. Jerome Kahan examines the likelihood that one or more of these countries will use nuclear weapons before the year 2000. He also offers a framework that policymakers and planners might use in assessing US interests in preempting the use of nuclear weapons or in retaliating for their use. Ironically, with the end of the cold war, it is imperative that defense strategists, policymakers, and military professionals think about the `unthinkable`. In the interest of fostering debate on this important subject, the Strategic Studies Institute commends this insightful monograph.

  8. Bomb threat There are two types of Bomb Threats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    v Bomb threat There are two types of Bomb Threats: 1. Specific Information/location will be given about the device, or a suspicious item and/or location. Specific Threat - On a landline Dial 6111, state you have received a "SPecific BOmB threat". If possible recall exact wording of threat. 2. Non

  9. WHAT DO THREAT LEVELS AND RESPONSE LEVELS MEAN? THREAT LEVELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    WHAT DO THREAT LEVELS AND RESPONSE LEVELS MEAN? THREAT LEVELS: The UK Threat Level is decided by the Government's Joint Terrorism Analysis Centre (JTAC). It is the system to assess the threat to the UK from Threat Levels: Low - an attack is unlikely Moderate - an attack is possible, but not likely Substantial

  10. Pachydermodactyly, a new case from Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zamanian, Abbas; Ansar, Akram

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pachydermodactyly, a new case from Iran Abbas Zamanian MD8 1. Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 2.Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran Abstract Pachydermodactyly (

  11. BomB ThreaT Assume threat is real

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Call 911 BomB ThreaT · Assume threat is real · Evacuate area explosion/ Fire · Activate fire alarm or office, do not let the person in · Do not block person's access to an exit · Move away from the threat

  12. Radiological Threat Reduction | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    safely packaging and transporting those materials to a more stable state; and Protecting radiological materials at facilities that use or process such materials through facility...

  13. Manager, International Chemical Threat Reduction Department, Sandia

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

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  14. Global Threat Reduction Initiative | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

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  15. Global Threat Reduction Initiative | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM Flash2011-12 OPAMGeneral Guidance onGlenn PodonskyAn overview of the

  16. Cyber Threat Trees for Large System Threat Cataloging and Analysis*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornton, Mitchell

    Cyber Threat Trees for Large System Threat Cataloging and Analysis* P. Ongsakorn, K. Turney, M, kturney, mitch, nair, szygenda, manikas}@lyle.smu.edu Abstract--The implementation of cyber threat. Because large systems have many possible threats that may be interdependent, it is crucial

  17. Threat Insight Quarterly Wireless Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    X-Force ® Threat Insight Quarterly Wireless Technology April 2006 #12;X - F O R C E T H R E A T I N the Wireless Threat ..................................................3 Wireless Threats-Force Catastrophic Risk Index...................................... 13 Future X-Force Threat Insight Quarterly Topics

  18. Deterring regional threats from nuclear proliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spector, L.S.

    1992-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The most prominent shift in the National Military Strategy is from the global Soviet threat to a new focus on regional contingencies. No threat looms larger in these contingencies than the proliferation of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles. This study examines proliferation trends and proposes a predominately diplomatic strategy for containing the problem. Dr. Spector identifies three waves of proliferation: the first is the five states with declared weapons and doctrine-the United States, Russia, Great Britain, France, and China; the second includes a less visible group that developed a covert capability, without testing weapons or declaring a doctrine of deterrence-for example, Israel, India, and probably Pakistan; and, a third wave of would-be proliferators includes radical states like Iraq, Iran, Libya, and North Korea. Spector's political approach is based on the common interest of wave one and two states to prevent further proliferation. Political-economic incentives have already worked in the cases of Brazil, Argentina, Taiwan, and South Africa-states which appear to have abandoned their nuclear weapons programs. Spector does not rule out the option of military force. Force, especially under international sanctions, can be a powerful tool to back diplomatic efforts. Use of force, however, remains a last resort.

  19. Airborne Particulate Threat Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patrick Treado; Oksana Klueva; Jeffrey Beckstead

    2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Aerosol threat detection requires the ability to discern between threat agents and ambient background particulate matter (PM) encountered in the environment. To date, Raman imaging technology has been demonstrated as an effective strategy for the assessment of threat agents in the presence of specific, complex backgrounds. Expanding our understanding of the composition of ambient particulate matter background will improve the overall performance of Raman Chemical Imaging (RCI) detection strategies for the autonomous detection of airborne chemical and biological hazards. Improving RCI detection performance is strategic due to its potential to become a widely exploited detection approach by several U.S. government agencies. To improve the understanding of the ambient PM background with subsequent improvement in Raman threat detection capability, ChemImage undertook the Airborne Particulate Threat Assessment (APTA) Project in 2005-2008 through a collaborative effort with the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), under cooperative agreement number DE-FC26-05NT42594. During Phase 1 of the program, a novel PM classification based on molecular composition was developed based on a comprehensive review of the scientific literature. In addition, testing protocols were developed for ambient PM characterization. A signature database was developed based on a variety of microanalytical techniques, including scanning electron microscopy, FT-IR microspectroscopy, optical microscopy, fluorescence and Raman chemical imaging techniques. An automated particle integrated collector and detector (APICD) prototype was developed for automated collection, deposition and detection of biothreat agents in background PM. During Phase 2 of the program, ChemImage continued to refine the understanding of ambient background composition. Additionally, ChemImage enhanced the APICD to provide improved autonomy, sensitivity and specificity. Deliverables included a Final Report detailing our findings and APICD Gen II subsystems for automated collection, deposition and detection of ambient particulate matter. Key findings from the APTA Program include: Ambient biological PM taxonomy; Demonstration of key subsystems needed for autonomous bioaerosol detection; System design; Efficient electrostatic collection; Automated bioagent recognition; Raman analysis performance validating Td<9 sec; Efficient collection surface regeneration; and Development of a quantitative bioaerosol defection model. The objective of the APTA program was to advance the state of our knowledge of ambient background PM composition. Operation of an automated aerosol detection system was enhanced by a more accurate assessment of background variability, especially for sensitive and specific sensing strategies like Raman detection that are background-limited in performance. Based on this improved knowledge of background, the overall threat detection performance of Raman sensors was improved.

  20. Overlooked? The Growing Threat of Desertification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Julian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Overlooked? The Growing Threat of Desertification Julian Zhuovergrazing directly threat- ens the natural resilience ofspite the fact that the threat of desertification is both

  1. Proliferation: Threat and response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the height of the Cold War, the Russian physicist Andre Sakharov said, `Reducing the risk of annihilating humanity in a nuclear war carries an absolute priority over all other considerations.` The end of the Cold War has reduced the threat of global nuclear war, but today a new threat is rising from the global spread of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons. Hostile groups and nations have tried - or have been able - to obtain these weapons, the technology, and homegrown ability to make them or ballistic missiles that can deliver the massive annihilation, poison, and death of these weapons hundreds of miles away. For rogue nations, these weapons are a ticket to power, stature, and confidence in regional war.

  2. Threat Insight Quarterly Regulatory Compliance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    X-Force ® Threat Insight Quarterly Regulatory Compliance www.iss.netwww.iss.net October 2006 #12 Risk Index ..............................................11 Future X-Force Threat Insight Quarterly Internet Security Systems X-Force® Threat Insight Quarterly > October 2006 ©2006 Internet Security Systems

  3. BOMB THREAT CHECKLIST Telephone Procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Derisi, Joseph

    BOMB THREAT CHECKLIST Telephone Procedures DATE: / / TIME RECEIVED: : AM/PM CONCLUDED: : AM - GIVE NOTE SAYING "CALL UC POLICE - BOMB THREAT" 9-911 IF YOUR PHONE HAS CALLER ID DISPLAY, RECORD NUMBER OF INCOMING CALL __________________________ WRITE DOWN EXACT WORDS OF THE CALLER AND THREAT DON

  4. Threat Insight Quarterly Browser Exploitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    X-Force ® Threat Insight Quarterly Browser Exploitation www.iss.netwww.iss.net January 2007 #12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Previous X-Force Threat Insight Quarterly Topics . . . . . . . . . . 15 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Contents IBM Internet Security Systems X-Force® Threat Insight Quarterly > January 2007

  5. Threat Insight Quarterly Vulnerability Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    X-Force ® Threat Insight Quarterly Vulnerability Management July 2006 #12;X - F O R C E T H R E.................. 7 X-Force Catastrophic Risk Index.............................. 10 Future X-Force Threat Insight Introduction There is a wide range of threats that can exist in any network. The presence of unpatched

  6. Emerging Threats and Opportunities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMFormsGasRelease Date:researchEmerging Threats and Opportunities

  7. Addressing the insider threat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hochberg, J.G.; Jackson, K.A.; McClary, J.F.; Simmonds, D.D.

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Computers have come to play a major role in the processing of information vital to our national security. As we grow more dependent on computers, we also become more vulnerable to their misuse. Misuse may be accidental, or may occur deliberately for purposes of personal gain, espionage, terrorism, or revenge. While it is difficult to obtain exact statistics on computer misuse, clearly it is growing. It is also clear that insiders -- authorized system users -- are responsible for most of this increase. Unfortunately, their insider status gives them a greater potential for harm This paper takes an asset-based approach to the insider threat. We begin by characterizing the insider and the threat posed by variously motivated insiders. Next, we characterize the asset of concern: computerized information of strategic or economic value. We discuss four general ways in which computerized information is vulnerable to adversary action by the insider: disclosure, violation of integrity, denial of service, and unauthorized use of resources. We then look at three general remedies for these vulnerabilities. The first is formality of operations, such as training, personnel screening, and configuration management. The second is the institution of automated safeguards, such as single-use passwords, encryption, and biometric devices. The third is the development of automated systems that collect and analyze system and user data to look for signs of misuse.

  8. Addressing the insider threat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hochberg, J.G.; Jackson, K.A.; McClary, J.F.; Simmonds, D.D.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Computers have come to play a major role in the processing of information vital to our national security. As we grow more dependent on computers, we also become more vulnerable to their misuse. Misuse may be accidental, or may occur deliberately for purposes of personal gain, espionage, terrorism, or revenge. While it is difficult to obtain exact statistics on computer misuse, clearly it is growing. It is also clear that insiders -- authorized system users -- are responsible for most of this increase. Unfortunately, their insider status gives them a greater potential for harm This paper takes an asset-based approach to the insider threat. We begin by characterizing the insider and the threat posed by variously motivated insiders. Next, we characterize the asset of concern: computerized information of strategic or economic value. We discuss four general ways in which computerized information is vulnerable to adversary action by the insider: disclosure, violation of integrity, denial of service, and unauthorized use of resources. We then look at three general remedies for these vulnerabilities. The first is formality of operations, such as training, personnel screening, and configuration management. The second is the institution of automated safeguards, such as single-use passwords, encryption, and biometric devices. The third is the development of automated systems that collect and analyze system and user data to look for signs of misuse.

  9. Threat Characterization: Trajectory Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell Schweickart; Clark Chapman; Dan Durda; Bill Bottke; David Nesvorny; Piet Hut

    2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Given a primary interest in "mitigation of the potential hazard" of near-Earth objects impacting the Earth, the subject of characterization takes on an aspect not normally present when considering asteroids as abstract bodies. Many deflection concepts are interested in the classic geophysical characteristics of asteroids when considering the physical challenge of modifying their orbits in order to cause them to subsequently miss an impact with Earth. Yet for all deflection concepts there are characteristics of the threat which overwhelm these traditional factors. For example, a close gravitational encounter with Earth some years or decades prior to impact can reduce the velocity change necessary for deflection by several orders of magnitude if the deflection precedes the close encounter (or encounters). Conversely this "benefit" comes at a "price"; a corresponding increase in the accuracy of tracking required to determine the probability of impact. Societal issues, both national and international, also characterize the NEO deflection process and these may strongly contend with the purely technical issues normally considered. Therefore critical factors not normally considered must be brought into play as one characterizes the threat of NEO impacts.

  10. AFGHANISTAN'S OTHER NEIGHBORS: IRAN, CENTRAL ASIA, AND CHINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spence, Harlan Ernest

    AFGHANISTAN'S OTHER NEIGHBORS: IRAN, CENTRAL ASIA, AND CHINA CONFERENCE REPORT Organized ...................................................................4 AFGHANISTAN AND IRAN ...........................................................................................6 Cultural Issues: Fear of Iran's Shadow

  11. PITTSBURGH REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL THREATS ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Huiqiang

    AND COMMUNITIES PITTSBURGH, PA. | AUGUST 2013 #12;PRETA AIR: HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS 32 PITTSBURGH REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL THREATS ANALYSIS REPORT PRETA AIR: HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS (HAPs)/AIR TOXICS PREPARED BY AUTHORSPITTSBURGH REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL THREATS ANALYSIS (PRETA) REPORT PRETA AIR: HAZARDOUS AIR

  12. Bio-threat microparticle simulants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Farquar, George Roy; Leif, Roald

    2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A bio-threat simulant that includes a carrier and DNA encapsulated in the carrier. Also a method of making a simulant including the steps of providing a carrier and encapsulating DNA in the carrier to produce the bio-threat simulant.

  13. Bio-threat microparticle simulants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Farquar, George Roy; Leif, Roald N

    2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A bio-threat simulant that includes a carrier and DNA encapsulated in the carrier. Also a method of making a simulant including the steps of providing a carrier and encapsulating DNA in the carrier to produce the bio-threat simulant.

  14. The New Nuclear Threat John Deutch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    The New Nuclear Threat John Deutch FOREIGN AFFAIRS Volume 71 · Number 4 Foreign AffairsThe contents. Deutch THE NEW NUCLEAR THREAT he threat of nuclear weapons spread across the world has displaced the fear

  15. Network Television and the Digital Threat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lapan, Lisa

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NETWORK TV AND THE DIGITAL THREAT tertainment are availableNETWORK TV AND THE DIGITAL THREAT luring users to watch the91 Ryan Nakashima, Digital Threat Prompts Movie Industry

  16. Maneki-Neko Team Description for Iran Open UAV 2013 -Teheran, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Arnoud

    Maneki-Neko Team Description for Iran Open UAV 2013 - Teheran, Iran Intelligent Autonomous Systems the competition. One of those teams was the UvA Drone Team. The Dutch team participating at the Iran Open 2013 to perception and control algorithms which leaded to this frame- work. The Iran Open 2013 gives the possibility

  17. IBM Software Data Sheet IBM adaptive threat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IBM Software Data Sheet IBM adaptive threat protection Stay ahead of security threats with a state-of-the-art network protection engine Highlights Identify high-risk threats and zero-day attacks with protocol-based, behavioral anomaly detection Protect end users against the latest web-based threats, such as SQL injection

  18. IBM Internet Security Systems Threat Insight Monthly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IBM Internet Security Systems X-Force ® Threat Insight Monthly www.iss.netwww.iss.net May 2007 #12 The Emerging Threat Landscape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Mobile Security Threats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Contents www.iss.netwww.iss.net IBM Internet Security Systems X-Force ® Threat Insight Monthly May

  19. Some Thoughts on Threat Modelling Peter Gutmann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutmann, Peter

    Some Thoughts on Threat Modelling Peter Gutmann University of Auckland Traditional Threat Modelling Think up threats until you get bored, then declare victory Often leads to circular reasoning · "Our threat model is whatever our application defends against" Example: DNSSEC · The requirements document

  20. Chinese Workers: Under Threat or a Threat to American Workers?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harper Ho, Virginia E.; Zhang, Lu

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . At the same time, some employers have found ways to avoid following the spirit, if not the letter of the laws. The consequences for American workers are unclear, since their challenges are less about a direct threat from Chinese workers and more about...

  1. Cyber Threats to Nuclear Infrastructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert S. Anderson; Paul Moskowitz; Mark Schanfein; Trond Bjornard; Curtis St. Michel

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear facility personnel expend considerable efforts to ensure that their facilities can maintain continuity of operations against both natural and man-made threats. Historically, most attention has been placed on physical security. Recently however, the threat of cyber-related attacks has become a recognized and growing world-wide concern. Much attention has focused on the vulnerability of the electric grid and chemical industries to cyber attacks, in part, because of their use of Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems. Lessons learned from work in these sectors indicate that the cyber threat may extend to other critical infrastructures including sites where nuclear and radiological materials are now stored. In this context, this white paper presents a hypothetical scenario by which a determined adversary launches a cyber attack that compromises the physical protection system and results in a reduced security posture at such a site. The compromised security posture might then be malevolently exploited in a variety of ways. The authors conclude that the cyber threat should be carefully considered for all nuclear infrastructures.

  2. Android Keylogging Threat Fadi Mohsen, Mohammed Shehab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shehab, Mohamed

    Android Keylogging Threat Fadi Mohsen, Mohammed Shehab Department of Software and Information of keylogging attacks on Android. Which is a security threat pertaining to Android openness on specific feature

  3. Nuclear Radiological Threat Task Force Established | National...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Radiological Threat Task Force Established | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing...

  4. Chlorine Gas: An Evolving Hazardous Material Threat and Unconventional Weapon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Robert; Wills, Brandon; Kang, Christopher

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chlorine Gas: An Evolving Hazardous Material Threat andChlorine gas represents a hazardous material threat fromrepresents a persistent hazardous material (HAZMAT) threat.

  5. Rethinking the Cyber Threat A Framework and Path Forward

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Phil

    Rethinking the Cyber Threat A Framework and Path Forward SCOTT CHARNEY Corporate Vice President ..................................................................................................................................................5 Understanding the Cyber Threat .................................................................................................................5 Rethinking the Cyber Threat

  6. A Risk Management Approach to the 'Insider Threat'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stochastic, and Insider Threat. Management Science, 48(6):modelling for insider threat mitigation. Paci?c Northwestbased model for analyzing threats that include those usually

  7. Collision Course: The Threat and Effects of an Asteroid Impact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Sharath

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    reviewing asteroid impact threat. Retrieved from http://reviewing-asteroid-impact-threat/ Edwards, L. (2010, Octoberoccurring. Comparing the threat of an asteroid impact to the

  8. A Risk Management Approach to the 'Insider Threat'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stochastic, and Insider Threat. Management Science, 48(6):modelling for insider threat mitigation. Pacific Northwestbased model for analyzing threats that include those usually

  9. Bayesian Discovery of Threat Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Steven T; Senne, Kenneth D; Bernstein, Garrett; Philips, Scott

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel unified Bayesian framework for network detection is developed, under which a detection algorithm is derived based on random walks on graphs. The algorithm detects threat networks using partial observations of their activity, and is proved to be optimum in the Neyman-Pearson sense. The algorithm is defined by a graph, at least one observation, and a diffusion model for threat. A link to well-known spectral detection methods is provided, and the equivalence of the random walk and harmonic solutions to the Bayesian formulation is proven. A general diffusion model is introduced that utilizes spatio-temporal relationships between vertices, and is used for a specific space-time formulation that leads to significant performance improvements on coordinated covert networks. This performance is demonstrated using a new hybrid interaction model introduced to simulate random covert networks with realistic properties.

  10. IBM Internet Security Systems Threat Insight Monthly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IBM Internet Security Systems X-Force ® Threat Insight Monthly www.iss.netwww.iss.net February 2007 Contents www.iss.netwww.iss.net IBM Internet Security Systems X-Force ® Threat Insight Monthly February 2007 #12;X-Force® Threat Insight Monthly > February 2007 www.iss.netwww.iss.net About this report

  11. IBM Internet Security Systems Threat Insight Monthly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IBM Internet Security Systems X-Force ® Threat Insight Monthly www.iss.netwww.iss.net June 2007 #12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Contents www.iss.netwww.iss.net IBM Internet Security Systems X-Force ® Threat Insight Monthly June 2007 #12;X-Force® Threat Insight Monthly > June 2007 www.iss.netwww.iss.net About this report

  12. BOMB THREAT CHECKLIST QUESTIONS TO ASK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yan

    BOMB THREAT CHECKLIST QUESTIONS TO ASK: 1. When is the bomb going to explode? 2. Where is it right ___Clearing Throat ___Laughter ___Deep Breathing __Crying ___Cracking voice __Normal ___Disguised THREAT __Foul ___Taped __Message read by threat maker __Irrational If voice is familiar, who did it sound like

  13. REVIEW/SYNTHSE Threat display in birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hurd, Peter L.

    REVIEW/SYNTHČSE Threat display in birds Peter L. Hurd and Magnus Enquist Abstract: The study of threat displays has long been an area in which theory and empirical work have each spurred the other. A great deal that classical ethologists have accurately described about threat displays still lacks

  14. Neural Mechanisms Underlying Selective Attention to Threat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bishop, Sonia

    Neural Mechanisms Underlying Selective Attention to Threat SONIA J. BISHOP Behavioural and Clinical. This provides a framework for inves- tigating the neural mechanisms underlying selective attention to threat. Both subcortical regions implicated in threat detection--specifically the amygdala--and prefrontal

  15. Developmental Changes in Responsivity to Threat are

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barr, Gordon A.

    Developmental Changes in Responsivity to Threat are Stimulus-Specific in Rats Christoph P 2000 ABSTRACT: During early ontogeny, stimuli that pose a threat to an animal change. Unrelated adult a threat only during a limited period of development, when the animal's particular developmental stage

  16. Deriving Security Requirements from Crosscutting Threat Descriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haley, Charles B.

    Deriving Security Requirements from Crosscutting Threat Descriptions Charles B. Haley, Robin C representing threats as crosscutting concerns aids in determining the effect of security requirements on the functional requirements. Assets (objects that have value in a system) are first enumerated, and then threats

  17. Iran-US Relations: At a New Cross Roads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pahlavi, Reva

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    These are the true voice of Iran! These are the people thatYou must let the youth of Iran know that they are not alone,society. Indeed, many in Iran credit the robust movement of

  18. Stereotype threat in sports 1 Running head: STEREOTYPE THREAT AND ACHIEVEMENT GOALS IN SPORTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Stereotype threat in sports 1 Running head: STEREOTYPE THREAT AND ACHIEVEMENT GOALS IN SPORTS Do Achievement Goals Mediate Stereotype Threat? An Investigation on Females' Soccer Performance Aďna Chalabaev Psycholoy 30 (2008) 143-158" #12;Stereotype threat in sports 2 Abstract This research investigated

  19. Running head: STEREOTYPE THREAT REDUCES MEMORY ERRORS Stereotype threat can reduce older adults' memory errors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mather, Mara

    Running head: STEREOTYPE THREAT REDUCES MEMORY ERRORS Stereotype threat can reduce older adults, 90089-0191. Phone: 213-740-6772. Email: barbersa@usc.edu #12;STEREOTYPE THREAT REDUCES MEMORY ERRORS 2 Abstract (144 words) Stereotype threat often incurs the cost of reducing the amount of information

  20. Ionosphere Spatial Gradient Threat for LAAS: Mitigation and Tolerable Threat Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    1 Ionosphere Spatial Gradient Threat for LAAS: Mitigation and Tolerable Threat Space Ming Luo, Sam and a threat space was extrapolated based on the 6 April 2000 ionospheric storm. It was showed that the impact of the ionospheric anomalies depends on the threat parameters, namely, the ionospheric gradient, the slope width

  1. Recognizing Threat: A Simple Geometric Shape Activates Neural Circuitry for Threat Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarinopoulos, Issidoros

    Recognizing Threat: A Simple Geometric Shape Activates Neural Circuitry for Threat Detection the perception of threat. We here re- port that the neural circuitry known to be mobilized by many realistic instantiating detection of threat and negative affect, suggesting that recognition of potential danger may

  2. Face to Face and Street to Street: An Exploration of the Benefits and Perils of Transnational Feminist Practices for Iran’s One Million Signatures Campaign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKibben, Susan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Keddie & R. Matthee (Eds. ), Iran and the Surrounding World.Muslim Societies: The Cases of Iran and Azerbaijan. Journal2001). Women's Strategies in Iran from the 1979 Revolution

  3. Status of Iran's nuclear program and negotiations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, David [President, Institute for Science and International Security (ISIS), 236 Massachusetts Avenue, NE 305, Washington, DC 20002 (United States)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Iran's nuclear program poses immense challenges to international security. Its gas centrifuge program has grown dramatically in the last several years, bringing Iran close to a point where it could produce highly enriched uranium in secret or declared gas centrifuge plants before its breakout would be discovered and stopped. To reduce the risk posed by Iran's nuclear program, the P5+1 have negotiated with Iran short term limits on the most dangerous aspects of its nuclear programs and is negotiating long-term arrangements that can provide assurance that Iran will not build nuclear weapons. These long-term arrangements need to include a far more limited and transparent Iranian nuclear program. In advance of arriving at a long-term arrangement, the IAEA will need to resolve its concerns about the alleged past and possibly on-going military dimensions of Iran's nuclear program.

  4. NNSA's Global Threat Reduction Initiative Receives 2010 Distinguished...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    said Mark A. Langley, president and CEO of PMI. "Few organizational missions demand excellent project execution more than the NNSA G2 project. It is extremely...

  5. NNSA Supports Permanent Threat Reduction in Ukraine through Alternativ...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    today announced the successful transfer of a linear accelerator (LINAC), used for cancer therapy treatment, from the University of Minnesota Masonic Children's Hospital to the...

  6. NNSA Launches Global Threat Reduction Initiative | National Nuclear

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTubahq.na.govSecurityMaintainingAdministrationAnnouncement of

  7. 2014 Annual Planning Summary for the NNSA Global Threat Reduction

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015ofDepartment ofCBFO-13-3322(EE) |2DepartmentNatural

  8. Global Threat Reduction Initiative | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.NewofGeothermal Heat Pump Basics31/2007 TeppeiProgramsGlobal

  9. A Nuclear Iran? Why this particular topic?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    A Nuclear Iran? #12;#12;Why this particular topic? · State Department internship · Personal · NPT (Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty) developed after WWII and Japan · IAEA (International Atomic of capacity #12;Iran's nuclear program · Initiated in 1959 · Strong ties to Russia, China and Pakistan · 2002

  10. Sensor-guided threat countermeasure system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stuart, Brent C.; Hackel, Lloyd A.; Hermann, Mark R.; Armstrong, James P.

    2012-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A countermeasure system for use by a target to protect against an incoming sensor-guided threat. The system includes a laser system for producing a broadband beam and means for directing the broadband beam from the target to the threat. The countermeasure system comprises the steps of producing a broadband beam and directing the broad band beam from the target to blind or confuse the incoming sensor-guided threat.

  11. Prevalence and Correlates of Hepatitis C Infection among Male Injection Drug Users in Detention, Tehran, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Brie?ng Paper Eight, Thedrug users (IDUS) in Mashhad, Iran. International Journal ofof Hammadan prison (Iran, 1998). Journal of Research in

  12. The New Majority: A View into the Motivations and Aspirations Of Iran's Women in Higher Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kheiltash, Omid

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are  wasted   in  Iran.    Arkiv  2003.    Retrieved  Esfandiari,  G.  (2003).   Iran:  Number  of  Female  Higher  Education  in  Iran?    Presentation  at  CIES  

  13. Analysis of 15 years of skin cancer in central Iran (Yazd)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noorbala, Mohammad Taghi; Kafaie, P

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    evaluation in center of Iran. Pejoohesh in medical scienceskin cancer in central Iran (Yazd) Mohammad Taghi NoorbalaScience University of Yazd, Iran. mtnoorbala@gmail.com

  14. IRAN: laboratory test bench for hypertelescope pupil-plane recombination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liske, Jochen

    IRAN: laboratory test bench for hypertelescope pupil-plane recombination F. Allouchea,b, F. Vakilib-Antipolis, CNRS UMR 6525 Parc Valrose, 06108 Nice Cedex 2, France ABSTRACT In 2004, our group proposed IRAN-apertures illuminated by laser sources are recombined using the IRAN scheme. The validation of the IRAN recombination

  15. Autonomous Realtime Threat-Hunting Robot (ARTHR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    INL

    2008-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Idaho National Laboratory researchers developed an intelligent plug-and-play robot payload that transforms commercial robots into effective first responders for deadly chemical, radiological and explosive threats.

  16. Autonomous Realtime Threat-Hunting Robot (ARTHR

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    INL

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Idaho National Laboratory researchers developed an intelligent plug-and-play robot payload that transforms commercial robots into effective first responders for deadly chemical, radiological and explosive threats.

  17. IBM Internet Security Systems Threat Insight Monthly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of cryptography as it relates to the computer security industry. We will look at some of the underlying technologyIBM Internet Security Systems X-Force ® Threat Insight Monthly www.iss.netwww.iss.net September . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Contents www.iss.netwww.iss.net IBM Internet Security Systems X-Force ® Threat Insight Monthly

  18. The Nature of the Bioterrorism Threat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Regens, J. L.

    2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This analysis provides an overview of the nature of the bioterrorism threat. It identifies potential CDC Class A biological agents that are likely candidates for use in a terrorist incident and describes the known sources of vulnerability. The paper also summarizes S&T resources/needs and assesses response options for achieving effective biodefense against terrorist threats.

  19. ITA CONFERENCE 1569048773 THREAT MODELLING FOR MOBILE AD HOC AND SENSOR NETWORKS 1 Threat Modelling for Mobile Ad Hoc and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sen, Sevil

    ITA CONFERENCE 1569048773 THREAT MODELLING FOR MOBILE AD HOC AND SENSOR NETWORKS 1 Threat Modelling. Chivers, Olwen Worthington and Pankaj Rohatgi Abstract-- This paper introduces a threat model for ad hoc and mobile ad hoc networks (MANETS). It identifies threat categories, modes of use, and a variety of threats

  20. Coping with stereotype threat: Denial as an impression management strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Von Hippel, W.; Von Hippel, C.; Conway, Leanne; Preacher, K. J.; Schooler, J. W.; Radvansky, G. A.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Ferguson, Brooks, & Hagadone, 2004), suggest- ing that one manner of coping with stereotype threat is by using humor to reinterpret the situation as a challenge rather than a threat (see Kuiper, Martin, & Olinger, 1993). Stereotype threat has also been...

  1. An Intelligent Threat Prevention Framework with Heterogeneous Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Weiru

    An Intelligent Threat Prevention Framework with Heterogeneous Information Wenjun Ma 1 and Weiru Liu 1 Abstract. Three issues usually are associated with threat prevention intelligent surveillance, the de- mand of effectively predicting suspects' intention and ranking the potential threats posed

  2. How to determine threat probabilities using ontologies and Bayesian networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    How to determine threat probabilities using ontologies and Bayesian networks [Extended Abstract Business Austria Vienna, Austria neubauer@securityresearch.ac.at ABSTRACT The subjective threat probability- and Bayesian-based approach for determining asset-specific and comprehensible threat probabilities

  3. Constructing Ionospheric Irregularity Threat Model for Korean SBAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    Constructing Ionospheric Irregularity Threat Model for Korean SBAS Eugene Bang, Jinsil Lee Points (IGPs). Using an ionospheric irregularity undersampled threat model, the integrity bounds, called Grid Ionospheric Vertical Errors (GIVEs), must be augmented to bound ionospheric irregularity threats

  4. Autonomous Realtime Threat-Hunting Robot (ARTHR)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Idaho National Laboratory - David Bruemmer, Curtis Nielsen

    2008-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Idaho National Laboratory researchers developed an intelligent plug-and-play robot payload that transforms commercial robots into effective first responders for deadly chemical, radiological and explosive threats. To learn more, visit

  5. Autonomous Realtime Threat-Hunting Robot (ARTHR)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Idaho National Laboratory - David Bruemmer, Curtis Nielsen

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Idaho National Laboratory researchers developed an intelligent plug-and-play robot payload that transforms commercial robots into effective first responders for deadly chemical, radiological and explosive threats. To learn more, visit

  6. The rise of "china threat" arguments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ueki, Chikako

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study seeks to explain the rise of "China threat" arguments in the United States and Japan in the 1990s by using three theories of states behavior- realism, organization theory, and democratic peace theory. The rise ...

  7. Bio-Terrorism Threat and Casualty Prevention

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NOEL,WILLIAM P.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The bio-terrorism threat has become the ''poor man's'' nuclear weapon. The ease of manufacture and dissemination has allowed an organization with only rudimentary skills and equipment to pose a significant threat with high consequences. This report will analyze some of the most likely agents that would be used, the ease of manufacture, the ease of dissemination and what characteristics of the public health response that are particularly important to the successful characterization of a high consequence event to prevent excessive causalities.

  8. An Information Fusion Framework for Threat Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beaver, Justin M [ORNL; Kerekes, Ryan A [ORNL; Treadwell, Jim N [ORNL

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern enterprises are becoming increasingly sensitive to the potential destructive power of small groups or individuals with malicious intent. In response, significant investments are being made in developing a means to assess the likelihood of certain threats to their enterprises. Threat assessment needs are typically focused in very specific application areas where current processes rely heavily on human analysis to both combine any available data and draw conclusions about the probability of a threat. A generic approach to threat assessment is proposed, including a threat taxonomy and decision-level information fusion framework, that provides a computational means for merging multi-modal data for the purpose of assessing the presence of a threat. The framework is designed for flexibility, and intentionally accounts for the accuracy of each data source, given the environmental conditions, in order to manage the uncertainty associated with any acquired data. The taxonomy and information fusion framework is described, and discussed in the context of real-world applications such as shipping container security and cyber security.

  9. Worldwide threat assessment brief to the Senate Select Committee on intelligence statement for the record

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deutch, J.

    1996-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This report outlines the threats to the United States and its interests now and into the next century. We still call this the post-Cold War world. Among the opportunities and challenges of our time, there is not yet one dominant enough to define the era on its own terms and give it a name. Looking beyond our borders, we see much that is uncertain: The stability of many regions of the world is threatened by ethnic turmoil and humanitarian crises. Two great powers, Russia and China, are in the process of metamorphosis and their final shape is still very much in question.-Free nations of the world are threatened by rogue nations - - Iran, Iraq, North Korea, and Libya, that have built up significant military forces and seek to acquire weapons of mass destruction. The world community is under assault from those who deal in proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, terrorism, drugs and crime. And the interdependence of the world economy has made us more vulnerable to economic shocks beyond our borders. The strategic threat to our continent is reduced, but the potential for surprise is greater than it was in the days when we could focus our energies on the well-recognized instruments of Soviet power. No one challenge today is yet as formidable as the threat from the former Soviet Union. If nurtured by neglect on our part, these new challenges could expand to threaten the growth of democracy and free markets. All the tools of national security -- diplomacy, the military, and intelligence -- must remain sharp. It is the task of the Intelligence Community to provide policymakers and military commanders with early warning of emerging problems -- warning that can allow us to avoid crisis or military conflict. We must continuously monitor and assess the threats so that our leaders can manage these wisely.

  10. UN Security Council: Iran violating ban on nuclear weapons programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UN Security Council: Iran violating ban on nuclear weapons programs 7 September 2011 Denouncement comes after International Atomic Energy Agency submits a report claiming Iran continues to make advances denounced Iran's failure to abide by United Nations resolutions demanding an end to the possible

  11. An Approach to Security Policy Configuration Using Semantic Threat Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foley, Simon

    An Approach to Security Policy Configuration Using Semantic Threat Graphs Simon N. Foley, in turn, unnecessarily expose the enterprise to known threats. This paper pro- poses a threat management- nomic configuration of security mechanisms. This knowledge is mod- eled in terms of Semantic Threat

  12. Invited Paper New Frontiers of Network Security: The Threat Within

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanyal, Sugata

    Invited Paper New Frontiers of Network Security: The Threat Within Sugata Sanyal1 , Ajit Shelat2% of information security threats originate from inside the organization. The instances of insider threats have. The Insider threats are generally caused by current or ex-employees, contractors or partners, who have

  13. Multi-threat Containment with Dynamic Wireless Neighborhood Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jay Yang, Shanchieh

    Multi-threat Containment with Dynamic Wireless Neighborhood Networks Nathan A. Ransoma teams to solve a multi-threat containment problem. The multi-threat containment problem has the robot teams surround a number of threats that may occur randomly. Approaches with and without utilizing

  14. Running head: STEREOTYPE THREAT IN OLDER ADULTS 1 Stereotype threat can enhance, as well as impair, older adults' memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mather, Mara

    Running head: STEREOTYPE THREAT IN OLDER ADULTS 1 Stereotype threat can enhance, as well as impair, and Rico Velasco for research assistance and to Dr. Tom Hess for providing us with the stereotype threat for publication. #12;STEREOTYPE THREAT IN OLDER ADULTS 2 Abstract (150) Negative stereotypes about aging can

  15. Satellite Threat Warning and Attack Reporting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hilland, D. [Kirkland AFB, NM (United States). Air Force Research Lab.; Phipps, G. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Optics & Technologies Dept.; Jingle, C.; Newton, G. [Schafer Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Air Force Research Laboratory`s Satellite Threat Warning and Attack Reporting (STW/AR) program will provide technologies for advanced threat warning and reporting of radio frequency (RF) and laser threats. The STW/AR program objectives are: (a) develop cost- effective technologies to detect, identify, locate, characterize, and report attacks or interference against U.S. and Allied satellites. (b) demonstrate innovative, light-weight, low-power, laser and RF sensors. The program focuses on the demonstration of RF and laser sensors. The RF sensor effort includes the investigation of interferometric antenna arrays, multi-arm spiral and butler matrix antennas, wideband receivers, adaptive processors, and improved processing algorithms. The laser sensor effort includes the investigation of alternative detectors, broadband grating and optical designs, active pixel sensing, and improved processing algorithms.

  16. Unauthorized Collaboration on Facebook: Threats and Responses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    Unauthorized Collaboration on Facebook: Threats and Responses Recent events at FSU have uncovered and collaboration. The Problem: When students, faculty, and staff join Facebook using a valid FSU email address this and believe it is affiliated with or endorsed by Florida State University. Facebook also allows students

  17. Global Warming: The Threat to the Planet*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    Global Warming: The Threat to the Planet* Jim Hansen 17 April 2007 2007 Leo Szilard Lecture. Graham Red Squirrel #12;Survival of Species 1. "Business-as-Usual" Scenario - Global Warming ~ 3ÂşC - Likely Extinctions ~ 50 percent 2. "Alternative" Scenario - Global Warming ~ 1ÂşC - Likely Extinctions

  18. Insider Threat - Material Control and Accountability Mitigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Powell, Danny H [ORNL] [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL] [ORNL; Roche, Charles T [ORNL] [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The technical objectives of nuclear safeguards are (1) the timely detection of diversion of significant quantities of nuclear material from peaceful uses to the manufacture of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices or for purposes unknown and (2) the deterrence of such diversion by the risk of early detection. The safeguards and security program must address both outsider threats and insider threats. Outsider threats are primarily addressed by the physical protection system. Insider threats can be any level of personnel at the site including passive or active insiders that could attempt protracted or abrupt diversion. This could occur by an individual acting alone or by collusion between an individual with material control and accountability (MC&A) responsibilities and another individual who has responsibility or control within both the physical protection and the MC&A systems. The insider threat is one that must be understood and incorporated into the safeguards posture. There have been more than 18 documented cases of theft or loss of plutonium or highly enriched uranium. The insider has access, authority, and knowledge, as well as a set of attributes, that make him/her difficult to detect. An integrated safeguards program is designed as a defense-in-depth system that seeks to prevent the unauthorized removal of nuclear material, to provide early detection of any unauthorized attempt to remove nuclear material, and to rapidly respond to any attempted removal of nuclear material. The program is also designed to support protection against sabotage, espionage, unauthorized access, compromise, and other hostile acts that may cause unacceptable adverse impacts on national security, program continuity, the health and safety of employees, the public, or the environment. Nuclear MC&A play an essential role in the capabilities of an integrated safeguards system to deter and detect theft or diversion of nuclear material. An integrated safeguards system with compensating mitigation can decrease the risk of an insider performing a malicious act without detection.

  19. Will Russian Scientists Go Rogue? A Survey on the Threat and the Impact of Western Assistance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ball, D Y; Gerber, T P

    2004-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The collapse of the Soviet Union sparked fears throughout the world that rogue nations and terrorist organizations would gain access to weapons of mass destruction (WMD). One specific concern has been 'WMD brain drain.' Russians with knowledge about nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons could now depart to any country of their choice, including rogue nations seeking to produce WMD. Meanwhile, Russian science fell into a protracted crisis, with plummeting salaries, little funding for research, and few new recruits to science. These developments increased both the incentives and the opportunities for scientists to sell their knowledge to governments and terrorist organizations with hostile intentions toward the United States. Recognizing the threat of WMD brain drain from Russia, the United States, and other governments implemented a host of programs designed to reduce the risk. Despite, or perhaps partly because of, massive assistance from the West to prevent scientists with WMD knowledge from emigrating, the threat of Russian WMD brain drain has recently faded from view. Yet we have seen no evidence that these programs are effective and little systematic assessment of the current threat of WMD migration. Our data from an unprecedented survey of 602 Russian physicists, biologists, and chemists suggest that the threat of WMD brain drain from Russia should still be at the forefront of our attention. Roughly 20 percent of Russian physicists, biologists, and chemists say they would consider working in rogue nations such as North Korea, Iran, Syria, or Iraq (still considered a rogue state at the time of the survey). At the same time, the data reveal that U.S. and Western nonproliferation assistance programs work. They significantly reduce the likelihood that Russian scientists would consider working in these countries. Moreover, Russian grants do not reduce scientists' propensity to 'go rogue'. These survey findings have clear policy implications: the U.S. and its allies must continue to adequately fund nonproliferation assistance programs rather than hastily declare victory. The U.S. should remain engaged with former Soviet WMD scientists until they are willing and able to find support for their research from competitive, civilian-oriented, privately funded projects. Otherwise, we run a great risk that WMD expertise will migrate from the former Soviet Union to countries or organizations that harbor hostile intentions toward the U.S. Assistance programs work to reduce the threat of WMD brain drain, but their task is not complete. Now is not the time to pull back.

  20. The New York Times covers "National Labs Race to Stop Iran"

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The New York Times covers "National Labs Race to Stop Iran" The New York Times covers "National Labs Race to Stop Iran" Given the stakes in the sensitive negotiations with Iran,...

  1. A Report on Smoking Advertising and Promotion Bans in The lslamic Republic of Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization; Ministry of Health and Medical Education Deputy of Health

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    increase tobacco use in the Islamic Republic of Iran.The Islamic Republic of Iran Ministry of Health and MedicalCommittee Islamic Republic of Iran World Health Organization

  2. Waterpipe smoking among health sciences university students in Iran: perceptions, practices and patterns of use.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghafouri, Nasim; Hirsch, Jan D; Heydari, Gholamreza; Morello, Candis M; Kuo, Grace M; Singh, Renu F

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HA, colleagues: I.R. Iran global youth tobacco survey (GYTS)www.who.int/tobacco/surveillance/Iran%20GYTS2007% 20final%sciences university students in Iran: perceptions, practices

  3. Comparison of biological and chemical phosphorus fertilizers on rapeseed yield in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madani, hamid; Kelarestaghi, Kioomars Bakhsh; Malboobi, Mohammad Ali

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PSB) on Potato Yield at Iran Environment. Procceding of 18Arak Islamic Azad University, Iran (Table 1) in the 2006/07Arak Islamic Azad University, Iran. Physical properties 0-30

  4. Introduction to Administrative Programs that Mitigate the Insider Threat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerke, Gretchen K.; Rogers, Erin; Landers, John; DeCastro, Kara

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation begins with the reality of the insider threat, then elaborates on these tools to mitigate the insider threat: Human Reliability Program (HRP); Nuclear Security Culture (NSC) Program; Employee Assistance Program (EAP).

  5. A Risk Management Approach to the 'Insider Threat'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Insider Threat” [Gel05] Mike Gelles. Exploring the mind ofL. Krofcheck and Mike G. Gelles. Behavioral consultation in

  6. The same, only different: Threat management systems as homologues in the tree of life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holbrook, Colin; Fessler, Daniel M.T.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    T. , & ,Quirin, M. (2014). Threat and defense: From anxietyto manage uncertainty and threat associated with politicalD.M.T. (2013). Sizing up the threat: The envisioned physical

  7. Reducing Stereotype Threat in Academically At-Risk African-Americans Students: A Self-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmons, Crystal Marie

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the effects of stereotype threat on African American collegeThe role of stereotype threat. Psychological Science, 12,and  White:  Stereotype  threat and the  race  gap  on  

  8. The Chronicles of Grokster: Who is the Biggest Threat in the P2P Battle?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Alvin

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Groksten Who is the Biggest Threat in the P2P Battle? Alvininvariably identify a different threat as marginalizing itsnently identifiable threats are perhaps not as hazardous as

  9. Stereotype Threat in Organizations: An Examination of its Scope, Triggers, and Possible Interventions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kray, Laura J.; Shirako, Aiwa

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and social identity threat. Advances in Experimental Socialmen triggers social identity threat among female engineers.C. (2007). Stereotype threat at work. Academy of Management

  10. The Threat from Within: American Jews, the State of Israel, and Intermarriage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minkin, Sarah Anne

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Nation. Sage Publications. Minkin, Threat from Within14, 2: 32-6. Minkin, Threat from Within Eisen, Arnold. 1986.Brandeis University Press. Minkin, Threat from Within Sarna,

  11. Minimizing the threat of pandemic emergence from avian influenza in poultry systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Open Access Minimizing the threat of pandemic emergence fromY: The continued pandemic threat posed by avian influenzaet al. : Minimizing the threat of pandemic emergence from

  12. A Policy of Stereotype Threat: The Intergroup Impact of Policing Stereotypes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Epstein, Liana Maris

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J. (1995). Stereotype threat and the intellectual testC. L. (2002). The role of threats in intergroup relations.factors in stereotype threat. Journal of Experimental Social

  13. EPR Severe Accident Threats and Mitigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Azarian, G. [Framatome ANP SAS, Tour Areva, Place de la Coupole 92084 Paris la Defense (France); Kursawe, H.M.; Nie, M.; Fischer, M.; Eyink, J. [Framatome ANP GmbH, Freyeslebenstrasse, 1, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany); Stoudt, R.H. [Framatome ANP Inc. - 3315 Old Forest Rd, Lynchburgh, VA 24501 (United States)

    2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite the extremely low EPR core melt frequency, an improved defence-in-depth approach is applied in order to comply with the EPR safety target: no stringent countermeasures should be necessary outside the immediate plant vicinity like evacuation, relocation or food control other than the first harvest in case of a severe accident. Design provisions eliminate energetic events and maintain the containment integrity and leak-tightness during the entire course of the accident. Based on scenarios that cover a broad range of physical phenomena and which provide a sound envelope of boundary conditions associated with each containment challenge, a selection of representative loads has been done, for which mitigation measures have to cope with. This paper presents the main critical threats and the approach used to mitigate those threats. (authors)

  14. Securing Infrastructure from High Explosive Threats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glascoe, L; Noble, C; Reynolds, J; Kuhl, A; Morris, J

    2009-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is working with the Department of Homeland Security's Science and Technology Directorate, the Transportation Security Administration, and several infrastructure partners to characterize and help mitigate principal structural vulnerabilities to explosive threats. Given the importance of infrastructure to the nation's security and economy, there is a clear need for applied research and analyses (1) to improve understanding of the vulnerabilities of these systems to explosive threats and (2) to provide decision makers with time-critical technical assistance concerning countermeasure and mitigation options. Fully-coupled high performance calculations of structural response to ideal and non-ideal explosives help bound and quantify specific critical vulnerabilities, and help identify possible corrective schemes. Experimental validation of modeling approaches and methodologies builds confidence in the prediction, while advanced stochastic techniques allow for optimal use of scarce computational resources to efficiently provide infrastructure owners and decision makers with timely analyses.

  15. Predictors of Threat and Error Management: Identification of Core

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Predictors of Threat and Error Management: Identification of Core Nontechnical Skills In normal flight operations, crews are faced with a variety of external threats and commit a range of errors of these threats and errors therefore forms an essential element of enhancing performance and minimizing risk

  16. INFLATABLE PLUG FOR THREAT MITIGATION IN TRANSPORTATION TUNNELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbero, Ever J.

    INFLATABLE PLUG FOR THREAT MITIGATION IN TRANSPORTATION TUNNELS Xavier Martinez1 , Julio Davalos2 and government entities. Fires, noxious fumes, deadly gasses, and flooding threats have occurred in major are of difficult and limited accessibility, but also because most of the potential threats, such as fires, flooding

  17. BOMB THREAT PLACE THIS CARD UNDER YOUR TELEPHONE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slatton, Clint

    BOMB THREAT PLACE THIS CARD UNDER YOUR TELEPHONE QUESTIONS TO ASK: 1. When is the bomb going? EXACT WORDING OF THE THREAT: Sex of caller: Race: Age: Number at which call received: Length of call: Check Caller ID - *69: Record caller's number: Time: Date: IMMEDIATELY REPORT BOMB THREATS TO

  18. THREAT-DRIVEN ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN OF SECURE INFORMATION SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THREAT-DRIVEN ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN OF SECURE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Joshua Pauli College of Business.xu@ndsu.nodak.edu Keywords: Software architecture, Security, Threat model, Use case, Misuse case, UML Abstract: To deal with software security issues in the early stages of system development, this paper presents a threat- driven

  19. Insider Threat Detection using Stream Mining and Graph Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamlen, Kevin W.

    Insider Threat Detection using Stream Mining and Graph Mining Pallabi Parveen, Jonathan Evans threats who attempt to conceal their activities by varying their behaviors over time. This paper applies of insider threat detection, demonstrating that the ensemble-based approach is significantly more effective

  20. FACTS about threat Possible INTERVENTIONS Strong domain identification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chisholm, Rex L.

    FACTS about threat Possible INTERVENTIONS Strong domain identification heightens the effect are able to self affirm in difficult situations can lessen the effects of threat. Encourage students to use to students not under threat. Educate students on self talk! Teach them to pay close attention

  1. Security Threat Mitigation Trends in Low-cost RFID Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Security Threat Mitigation Trends in Low-cost RFID Systems Joaquin Garcia-Alfaro1,2 , Michel of security threat mitigation mecha- nisms in RFID systems, specially in low-cost RFID tags, are gaining great. Cryptography is a key tool to address these threats. Nevertheless, strong hardware constraints

  2. Maritime Threat Detection Using Probabilistic Graphical Models Bryan Auslander1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Kalyan Moy

    Maritime Threat Detection Using Probabilistic Graphical Models Bryan Auslander1 , Kalyan Moy Gupta1.lastname@knexusresearch.com | david.aha@nrl.navy.mil Abstract Maritime threat detection is a challenging problem because maritime them on a threat recognition task using track data obtained from force protection naval exercises

  3. Pervasive competition between threat and reward in the brain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pessoa, Luiz

    Pervasive competition between threat and reward in the brain Jong Moon Choi, Srikanth Padmala, USA In the current functional MRI study, we investigated interactions between reward and threat to the salience hypothesis, in the condition involving both reward and threat, enhanced activation would

  4. Maritime Threat Detection using Plan Recognition Bryan Auslander1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Kalyan Moy

    Maritime Threat Detection using Plan Recognition Bryan Auslander1 , Kalyan Moy Gupta1 , & David W algorithms for maritime threat detection employ a variety of normalcy models that are probabilistic and for threat detection. We compare their performance with a behavior recognition algorithm on simulated

  5. Ionosphere Threat to LAAS: Updated Model, User Impact, and Mitigations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    1 Ionosphere Threat to LAAS: Updated Model, User Impact, and Mitigations Ming Luo, Sam Pullen-4], a "linear spatial gradient front" model was established and a threat space was extrapolated based on data from the 6 April 2000 ionospheric storm. User vertical error was estimated based on this threat model

  6. Decentralized Semantic Threat Graphs Simon N. Foley1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foley, Simon

    Decentralized Semantic Threat Graphs Simon N. Foley1 William M. Fitzgerald1 Cork Constraint.foley@cs.ucc.ie wfitzgerald@4c.ucc.ie Abstract. Threat knowledge-bases such as those maintained by MITRE and NIST provide a basis with which to mitigate known threats to an enterprise. These centralised knowledge-bases assume

  7. Joshua Rosenthol, CISSP Trends in the Threat Landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshua Rosenthol, CISSP Trends in the Threat Landscape #12;2 Year in Review Data Theft Targeted-virus, firewalls, and intrusion prevention) are only effective against 30-50% of current security threats. Moreover, customers expect the effectiveness of signature-based security to continue to decline rapidly. IDC Threat

  8. Internet Security Systems, an IBM Company Threat Insight Monthly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Internet Security Systems, an IBM Company X-Force ® Threat Insight Monthly www . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Contents www.iss.netwww.iss.net Internet Security Systems, an IBM Company X-Force Threat Insight Monthly April 2007 #12;X-Force® Threat Insight Monthly > April 2007 www.iss.netwww.iss.net About

  9. Nonproliferation, Nuclear Security, and the Insider Threat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balatsky, Galya I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Duggan, Ruth [SNL

    2012-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Insider threat concept is evolving and getting more attention: (1) Domestically, internationally and in foreign countries, (2) At the government, academia, and industry levels, and (3) Public awareness and concerns are also growing. Negligence can be an insider's action. Technology advancements provide more opportunities, new tools for the insider. Our understanding of the insider is shaped by our cultural, social and ethnic perceptions and traditions. They also can limit our recognition of the issues and response actions.

  10. De Gaulle en Iran (octobre 1963): Le voyage oubli.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    De Gaulle en Iran (octobre 1963): Le voyage oublié. Dernière version avant publication dans la nouveau "normales" entre les démocraties occidentales et l'Iran. L'accession au pouvoir du modéré Khatami'esquisser en Iran. Une longue parenthèse serait ainsi appelée à se résorber, permettant de relancer

  11. Case Study: Iran, Islam, the NPT, and the Bomb

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saunders, E .

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goals of this case study are: (1) To examine the correlation between Iran's nuclear program and clerical statements; (2) To evaluate the importance of these statements; (3) To understand the relationship between policy and fatwas (Islamic decrees); (4) To address the issue of a 'nuclear fatwa'; and (5) To examine how, if at all, Sharia (Islamic law) has influenced Iran's actions or inactions with respect to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and Iran's adherence to its IAEA Safeguards Agreements and the Additional Protocol. The Islamic Republic of Iran (hereinafter Iran) is one of two theocracies in the world, the second being Vatican City. Iran's government derives its constitutional, moral, and political legitimacy from Islam. As a result of this theocratic culture, rules are set and interpreted with a much different calibrator than that of the Western world. Islam affects all aspects of Iranian life. This is further complicated by the fact that Islam is not a nationalistic faith, in that many people all over the world believe in and adhere to Islamic principles. As a result, a political system that derives much of its fervor from being nationalistic is caught between two worlds, one within the land boundaries of Iran and the other within a faith that transcends boundaries. Thus, any understanding of Islamic law must first be understood within this delicate balance of nationalism and transcendence. Iran has found itself on the international stage concerning its nuclear program. Because Iran is a theocratic state, it is imperative to examine its political moves, speeches, rights, and obligations through the lens of Islam. This study will examine how Islam plays a role in Iran's dealing with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), its understanding of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), including parties obligations under Safeguards Agreements and the Additional Protocol, and also provide a recommendation on how to move forward in dealings with Iran based in part on an understanding of Islamic principles.

  12. Threat Analysis Framework | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2Uranium Transferon theTed Donat AboutTheDepartment ofEarlyThreat Analysis

  13. ardabil iran functional: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ardabil iran functional First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 CHRTIENSD'IRAN...

  14. First evidence for large earthquakes4 on the Deshir Fault, Central Iran Plateau5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Nazari H. 1 , Fattahi M. 2,3,4 , Meyer B. 5 , Sébrier M. 5 , Talebian M. 1 ,9 Foroutan M. 1 , Le Dortz K of Iran, Po Box:13185-1494,Teheran-Iran.13 email: nazari@gsi-iran.org, talebian@gsi-iran.org, foroutan

  15. Escherichia coli: a brief review of diarrheagenic pathotypes and their role in diarrheal diseases in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in Iran Jafari A1 , Aslani MM2* , Bouzari S1,3* 1 Molecular Biology Unit, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran. 2 Bacteriology Department, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran. 3 National Escherichia coli, Aslani MM Address: Molecular Biology Unit, Pasteur Institute of Iran. National Escherichia coli Reference

  16. Post-Disaster Reconstruction Models in the Asia Pacific: the cases of China, Iran and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    Post-Disaster Reconstruction Models in the Asia Pacific: the cases of China, Iran and Myanmar Helen ­ Sichuan Earthquake 2008 Iran ­ Bam Earthquake 2003; Tabriz Earthquake 2012 Myanmar ­ Cyclone Nargis 2008 element in psycho-social recovery and reconstruction phase. #12;Iran Model Iran: Bam Earthquake 2003

  17. The Frequency of DYT1 (GAG Deletion) Mutation in Primary Dystonia Patients from Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    The Frequency of DYT1 (GAG Deletion) Mutation in Primary Dystonia Patients from Iran Mohammad Hamid. Molecular Medicine Division, Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran 2. Medical Genetics Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran 3

  18. Iran`s petroleum policy: Current trends and the future outlook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pezeshki, S.; Fesharaki, F.

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Iranian economy and political situation have undergone radical changes since the 1979 Islamic revolution. The excesses of the early years of the revolution have gradually given way to moderation and a more pragmatic economic policy--based on the principles of the free market. The petroleum policy, as a subset of the economic policies, has been somewhat affected by the political and economic developments in Iran. The petroleum policy has changed from a position of no foreign participation to a position that includes a desire for foreign participation, the text of a model contract, and an attempt to introduce new technologies in the upstream sector. This report provides an overview of the key issues facing the Iranian oil industry and the economic context in which the oil industry is operating in Iran. It describes the evolution of policies meant to move the oil industry toward the free market; it discusses Iran`s oil trading partners, the outlook for refining and project investments, and current and likely future developments in the natural gas and petrochemical sectors. In short, the report provides an up-to-date assessment of the Iranian petroleum sector and its likely evolution in the future.

  19. Demand Reduction

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Grantees may use funds to coordinate with electricity supply companies and utilities to reduce energy demands on their power systems. These demand reduction programs are usually coordinated through...

  20. Mitigating the Insider Threat Using Behavioral Science Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Landers, John; De Castro, Kara

    2012-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    PowerPoint presentations are included on: the Insider Threat; Detecting the Malicious Insider through Behavioral Science; and Psychological Barriers to Effective Nuclear Security.

  1. ORISE: Securing the Golden State from threats foreign and domestic

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Securing the Golden State from threats foreign and domestic ORISE helps California emergency planners with innovative training on state and local levels To protect the state of...

  2. Iran Oil and Gas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii | OpenSuperior Wind FarmIowa/WindIran Oil and

  3. Iran: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii | OpenSuperior Wind FarmIowa/WindIran Oil

  4. Threats from space: 20 years of progress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remo, J L

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been 20 years since planning began for the 1995 United Nations International Conference on Near-Earth Objects. The conference proceedings established the scientific basis for an international organizational framework to support research and collective actions to mitigate a potential near-Earth object (NEO) threat to the planet. Since that time, researchers have conducted telescope surveys that should, within the coming decade, answer many questions about the size, number, and Earth impact probability of these objects. Space explorations to asteroids and comets have been successfully carried out, including sample recovery. Laboratory experiments and computer simulations at Sandia National Laboratories have analyzed the effects of soft X-ray radiation on meteorites - which might help researchers develop a way to redirect an incoming asteroid by vaporizing a thin layer of its surface. An Action Team on NEOs, established in 2001 in response to recommendations of the Third United Nations Conference on the E...

  5. La France et l'Iran, des nations si lointaines et si proches 197 La France et l'Iran, des nations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    La France et l'Iran, des nations si lointaines et si proches 197 La France et l'Iran, des nations si lointaines et si proches Le recteur Gérard-François DUMONT* La France et l'Iran apparaissent comme'autre. Pour les Français, comme sans doute pour les autres Européens, penser ce pays asiatique qu'est l'Iran

  6. Management of Security Policy Configuration using a Semantic Threat Graph Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foley, Simon

    Management of Security Policy Configuration using a Semantic Threat Graph Approach Simon N. Foley, in turn, unnec- essarily expose the enterprise to known threats. This paper proposes a threat management Threat Graphs, a variation of the tradi- tional Threat/Attack Tree, extended in order to relate semantic

  7. The role of energy sector in sustainable development in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golabi, Zanyar

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Generally speaking, both supply and use of energy in Iran are unsustainable. The unsustainable energy supply and use coupled with an unreliable and unsecure energy system have striking and lasing impacts on economic, social ...

  8. area central iran: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    report of cercarial dermatitis from this region of Iran. A Farahnak; M Essalat 64 Post-Fire Debris-Flow Hazard Assessment of the Area Burned by the 2013 Beaver Creek Fire near...

  9. Early Islamic architecture in Iran (637-1059) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anisi, Alireza

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis discusses the architecture of early Islamic Iran (16-450/637-1059). To better understand the architectural history of this period, it is necessary to specify in detail how it took shape and to describe its ...

  10. Defined: There is some credible general threat information that may affect the University. Examples include an FBI alert of a threat directed at a college

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Annkatrin

    Defined: There is some credible general threat information that may affect the University. Examples include an FBI alert of a threat directed at a college campus in North Carolina, or a hurricane warning information about a specific threat directed towards the University. May involve a man-made threat, or flash

  11. Superluminous supernovae: No threat from Eta Carinae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brian C. Thomas; Adrian L. Melott; Brian D. Fields; Barbara J. Anthony-Twarog

    2007-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently Supernova 2006gy was noted as the most luminous ever recorded, with a total radiated energy of ~10^44 Joules. It was proposed that the progenitor may have been a massive evolved star similar to eta Carinae, which resides in our own galaxy at a distance of about 2.3 kpc. eta Carinae appears ready to detonate. Although it is too distant to pose a serious threat as a normal supernova, and given its rotation axis is unlikely to produce a Gamma-Ray Burst oriented toward the Earth, eta Carinae is about 30,000 times nearer than 2006gy, and we re-evaluate it as a potential superluminous supernova. We find that given the large ratio of emission in the optical to the X-ray, atmospheric effects are negligible. Ionization of the atmosphere and concomitant ozone depletion are unlikely to be important. Any cosmic ray effects should be spread out over ~10^4 y, and similarly unlikely to produce any serious perturbation to the biosphere. We also discuss a new possible effect of supernovae, endocrine disruption induced by blue light near the peak of the optical spectrum. This is a possibility for nearby supernovae at distances too large to be considered "dangerous" for other reasons. However, due to reddening and extinction by the interstellar medium, eta Carinae is unlikely to trigger such effects to any significant degree.

  12. Technosocial Modeling of IED Threat Scenarios and Attacks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whitney, Paul D.; Brothers, Alan J.; Coles, Garill A.; Young, Jonathan; Wolf, Katherine E.; Thompson, Sandra E.; Niesen, David A.; Madsen, John M.; Henderson, Cynthia L.

    2009-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes an approach for integrating sociological and technical models to develop more complete threat assessment. Current approaches to analyzing and addressing threats tend to focus on the technical factors. This paper addresses development of predictive models that encompass behavioral as well as these technical factors. Using improvised explosive device (IED) attacks as motivation, this model supports identification of intervention activities 'left of boom' as well as prioritizing attack modalities. We show how Bayes nets integrate social factors associated with IED attacks into general threat model containing technical and organizational steps from planning through obtaining the IED to initiation of the attack. The social models are computationally-based representations of relevant social science literature that describes human decision making and physical factors. When combined with technical models, the resulting model provides improved knowledge integration into threat assessment for monitoring. This paper discusses the construction of IED threat scenarios, integration of diverse factors into an analytical framework for threat assessment, indicator identification for future threats, and future research directions.

  13. THE VISUAL CUES USED BY THE LEMON PEEL ANGELFISH (CENTROPYGE FLAVISSIMA) TO DETERMINE THREAT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Post, Jessica

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    FLAVISSIMA) TO DETERMINE THREAT JESSICA   POST Integrative be used by fish to assess threat, and indicate when it is were  important in assessing threat.   Multiple cues were 

  14. Checking Threat Modeling Data Flow Diagrams for Implementation Conformance and Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abi-Antoun, Marwan

    Checking Threat Modeling Data Flow Diagrams for Implementation Conformance and Security Marwan Abi Science Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Center for Software Excellence Abstract Threat Foundation. #12;Keywords: Threat modeling, data flow diagrams, reflexion models, architecture-level security

  15. Checking Threat Modeling Data Flow Diagrams for Implementation Conformance and Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Checking Threat Modeling Data Flow Diagrams for Implementation Conformance and Security Marwan Abi Science Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA 15213 # Center for Software Excellence Abstract Threat Foundation. #12; Keywords: Threat modeling, data flow diagrams, reflexion models, architecture­level security

  16. Tilting at Modern: Elizabeth Gordon's "The Threat to the Next America"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corbett, Kathleen LaMoine

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    philosophy Gordon, ?The Threat to the Next America,?129.Advertisement for “The Threat to the Next America,” Business121. Figure 27. “The Threat to the Next America” carried a

  17. Threat Facilitates Subsequent Executive Control During Anxious Mood Jeffrey L. Birk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Aniruddh D.

    Threat Facilitates Subsequent Executive Control During Anxious Mood Jeffrey L. Birk Tufts) posits that low-level threat may facilitate behavioral performance by influencing executive control functions. Anxiety is thought to strengthen this effect by enhancing threat's affective significance

  18. Human Bed Nucleus of the Stria Terminalis Indexes Hypervigilant Threat Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whalen, Paul J.

    Human Bed Nucleus of the Stria Terminalis Indexes Hypervigilant Threat Monitoring Leah H disorders is hypervigilant threat monitoring, its biological bases in humans remain poorly understood. Animal models suggest that anxious processes such as hypervigilant threat monitoring are distinct from

  19. Search for Impact Craters in Iran: Citizen Science as a Useful Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pourkhorsandi, Hamed

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To recognition probable impact craters in Iran, we use Google Earth data in the first step. Some probable structures identified and studies suggest non-impact origin for them. Studies on other craters in Iran are in progress.

  20. A Risk Management Approach to the 'Insider Threat'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dir90] [DOD08] [FK92] A Risk Management Approach to the “A Risk Management Approach to the “Insider Threat” Mattgleep” is useless un- A Risk Management Approach to the “

  1. A Risk Management Approach to the 'Insider Threat'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    554–563, October 1992. A Risk Management Approach to the “A Risk Management Approach to the “Insider Threat” Mattgleep” is useless un- A Risk Management Approach to the “

  2. Additive Manufacturing in China: Threats, Opportunities, and Developments (Part I)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ANDERSON, Eric

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    application of additive manufacturing in China’s aviationAnalysis May 2013 Additive Manufacturing in China: Threats,an overview of China’s additive manufacturing industry is

  3. Threat assessment design for driver assistance system at intersections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aoude, Georges

    This paper considers the decision-making problem for a human-driven vehicle crossing a road intersection in the presence of other, potentially errant, drivers. Our approach relies on a novel threat assessment module, which ...

  4. Threat-aware Path Planning in Uncertain Urban Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aoude, Georges

    This paper considers the path planning problem for an autonomous vehicle in an urban environment populated with static obstacles and moving vehicles with uncertain intents. We propose a novel threat assessment module, ...

  5. A Bayesian Belief Network of Threat Anticipation and Terrorist Motivations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olama, Mohammed M [ORNL; Allgood, Glenn O [ORNL; Davenport, Kristen M [ORNL; Schryver, Jack C [ORNL

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent events highlight the need for efficient tools for anticipating the threat posed by terrorists, whether individual or groups. Antiterrorism includes fostering awareness of potential threats, deterring aggressors, developing security measures, planning for future events, halting an event in process, and ultimately mitigating and managing the consequences of an event. To analyze such components, one must understand various aspects of threat elements like physical assets and their economic and social impacts. To this aim, we developed a three-layer Bayesian belief network (BBN) model that takes into consideration the relative threat of an attack against a particular asset (physical layer) as well as the individual psychology and motivations that would induce a person to either act alone or join a terrorist group and commit terrorist acts (social and economic layers). After researching the many possible motivations to become a terrorist, the main factors are compiled and sorted into categories such as initial and personal indicators, exclusion factors, and predictive behaviors. Assessing such threats requires combining information from disparate data sources most of which involve uncertainties. BBN combines these data in a coherent, analytically defensible, and understandable manner. The developed BBN model takes into consideration the likelihood and consequence of a threat in order to draw inferences about the risk of a terrorist attack so that mitigation efforts can be optimally deployed. The model is constructed using a network engineering process that treats the probability distributions of all the BBN nodes within the broader context of the system development process.

  6. REVIEW OF CHAPTER 23: OLD MOSSY AND THE STRUGGLE FOR IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    REVIEW OF CHAPTER 23: OLD MOSSY AND THE STRUGGLE FOR IRAN Chapter review broken out to assert his authority. Implications for Iran's oil. Along with his attempt to extend his political control, he sought to readjust the financial ties between Iran and the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, in a similar

  7. Extension in NW Iran driven by the motion of the South Caspian Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    Extension in NW Iran driven by the motion of the South Caspian Basin F. Masson a,, Y. Djamour b , S, Iran c International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Farmanieh, Dibaji, Arghavan St., N° 27, 19531 Tehran, Iran d Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts

  8. MHD Precursor to disruption in Iran Tokamak 1 Alireza Hojabri1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    MHD Precursor to disruption in Iran Tokamak 1 Alireza Hojabri1,2 , Mahmmod Ghoranneviss2 and Fatemeh Hajakbari1,2 Physics group, Islamic Azad University of Karaj 31485-313, Iran. Plasma Physics Research Center, Azad University, Tehran 14835-197,Iran The purpose of this paper is to further investigate

  9. Visit in Iran from August 23 to September 6, 2003 Michel Waldschmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    Visit in Iran from August 23 to September 6, 2003 by Michel Waldschmidt Introduction. In August of Mathematicians). There I met the representatives of Iran, Dr Mehdi Behzad, President of the Iranian Mathematical to Iran to go there. She helped me to contact the Director of this institute, Professor Youssef Sobuti

  10. Seismological evidence for crustal-scale thrusting in the Zagros mountain belt (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Seismological evidence for crustal-scale thrusting in the Zagros mountain belt (Iran) Anne Paul 1 Grenoble Cedex, France 2 International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran 3 that the crust of Zagros underthrusts the crust of central Iran along the MZT considered as a crustal

  11. Exploiting Two Intelligent Models to Predict Water Level: A field study of Urmia lake, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Exploiting Two Intelligent Models to Predict Water Level: A field study of Urmia lake, Iran Shahab. The measurements from a single tide gauge at Urmia Lake, Northwest Iran, were used to train and validate the GP of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran. Tel: 0098-411-3392786 Fax: 0098-411-3345332, (e-mail: sha- hab kvk66@yahoo

  12. A strong seismic velocity contrast in the shallow mantle across the Zagros collision zone (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (Iran) A. Kaviani 1, 2 , A. Paul 1 , E. Bourova 1 , D. Hatzfeld 1 , H. Pedersen 1 , M. Mokhtari 2 1 19395/3913, Tehran, Iran Revised version, 8 June 2007 Keywords: Zagros collision belt, lithospheric residuals in the Zagros Simple Folded Belt and positive residuals in Central Iran. This difference

  13. Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the origin of shallow slip on seismogenic faults. We derive the full vector displacement field due to the Bam, Iran, earthquake of moment on deformation associated with the Mw ÂĽ 6.5 Bam earthquake in Iran determined using the SAR data from the ERS

  14. GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1 , F. Masson2 Department, National Cartographic Centre, PO Box 13185­1684, Meraj Ave, Tehran, Iran e-mail: f and Seismology, Farmanieh, Dibaji, Arghavan St., No. 27, 19531 Tehran, Iran Received: 22 July 2002 / Accepted: 26

  15. Deciphering oblique shortening of central Alborz in Iran using geodetic data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    Deciphering oblique shortening of central Alborz in Iran using geodetic data Ph. Vernanta,*, F 13185-1684, Meraj Av., Tehran, Iran Received 27 January 2004; received in revised form 16 April 2004 accommodates the differential motion between the Sanandaj­Sirjan zone in central Iran and the South Caspian

  16. Detrital zircon provenance of Neoproterozoic to Cenozoic deposits in Iran: Implications for chronostratigraphy and collisional tectonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horton, Brian K.

    Detrital zircon provenance of Neoproterozoic to Cenozoic deposits in Iran: Implications 14155-6455, Tehran, Iran d Department of Geology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA e provenance history of Iran. The results place improved chronological constraints on the age of earliest

  17. Comparison of soil seed banks of habitats distributed along an altitudinal gradient in northern Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Iran R. Erfanzadeh1,* , S.H. Hosseini Kahnuj1 , H. Azarnivand2 and J. Pétillon3 1 Rangeland Management Department, Faculty of Natural Resources, Tarbiat Modares University, Iran. 2 Rangeland Management Department, Faculty of Natural Resources, Tehran University, Iran. 3 URU 420 - Université de Rennes 1, UMR 7204

  18. Iran: Immigration and Visas Web Chat -Friday 22 June 2012 User Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Jeremy

    Iran: Immigration and Visas Web Chat - Friday 22 June 2012 User Message rojatafaroji hello to the University of Sheffield's 'Iran: Immigration and Visas' web chat. ghahhari88 Hello davood Hello Dear John'm khashayar the International Ambassador for Iran Internatioanal Student Ambassador _ Khashayar Welcome

  19. Low fault friction in Iran implies localized deformation for the ArabiaEurasia collision zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    Low fault friction in Iran implies localized deformation for the Arabia­Eurasia collision zone P velocity field of the present-day deformation in Iran is modeled using a 3-dimensional (3D) finite element of the kinematics in Iran, but the complex velocity field of the surrounding South Caspian basin cannot be fitted

  20. Some insight on why Bam (Iran) was destroyed by an earthquake of relatively moderate size

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    Some insight on why Bam (Iran) was destroyed by an earthquake of relatively moderate size Michel March 2006; accepted 29 March 2006; published 13 May 2006. [1] The Bam (Iran) earthquake of 2003. Hatzfeld, J. A. Jackson, and E. Haghshenas (2006), Some insight on why Bam (Iran) was destroyed

  1. ISSN 1735-1383 Iran. J. Immunol. June 2012, 9 (2), 86-97

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ISSN 1735-1383 Iran. J. Immunol. June 2012, 9 (2), 86-97 Fatemeh Roodbari, Farzaneh Sabahi, Mohamad and submission visit: www.iji.ir For assistance or queries, email: iji@sums.ac.ir #12;Roodbari F, et al Iran of Basic Sciences, 4 Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, 5 Department

  2. Phytologia (August 2012) 94(2) 219 TAXONOMY OF JUNIPERUS IN IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (August 2012) 94(2) 219 TAXONOMY OF JUNIPERUS IN IRAN: INSIGHT FROM DNA SEQUENCING_Adams@baylor.edu and Fatemeh Hojjati Dept. of Plant Sciences, University of Tehran, Box 14155-6455, Tehran, Iran ABSTRACT that junipers from the southern mountain ranges of Iran are very diverse. The combined NJ tree (3,705 bp) showed

  3. Phlebotomus perfiliewi transcaucasicus is circulating both Leishmania donovani and L. infantum in northwest Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in northwest Iran Mohammad Ali Oshaghi a,*, Naseh Maleki Ravasan b , Mallorie Hide c , Ezat-Aldin Javadian-6446, Iran b Department of Medical Parasitology and Entomology, College of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran c G'en'etique et Evolution des Maladies Infectieuses, IRD/CNRS (UMR 2724), F-34394

  4. Seismic imaging of the lithospheric structure of the Zagros mountain belt (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    Seismic imaging of the lithospheric structure of the Zagros mountain belt (Iran) ANNE PAUL1*, DENIS International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran 3 Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), PO Box 45195-1159, Zanjan, Iran *Corresponding author (e-mail: Anne

  5. Imagining Iran before Nationalism: Geocultural Meanings of Land in Azar's Atashkadeh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salzman, Daniel

    CHAPTER 5 Imagining Iran before Nationalism: Geocultural Meanings of Land in Azar's Atashkadeh MANA KIA Nationalist views ofIran are predicated on "a congruence 0fstate, society and culture years has detailed the various ways in which this process of imagining Iran as a national homeland

  6. NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 10 | JULY 2014 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 465 Science diplomacy in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    in Iran Warren E. Pickett, Anthony J. Leggett and Paul C. W. Chu Iranian scientists are growing increasingly isolated because of political tensions between Iran and the West. We attempt to alleviate been unwelcome during most of the ensuing 35 years. The strained political relationship between Iran

  7. IRAN UNDER MONGOL DOMINATION The effectiveness and failings of a dual administrative system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    IRAN UNDER MONGOL DOMINATION The effectiveness and failings of a dual administrative system Denise, as countries with a long sedentary tradition, such as China and Iran, were made subject to a single people of the steppes for over a century.4 THE CONQUEST OF THE IRANIAN LANDS Iran had suffered other major invasions

  8. Phytologia (December 2011) 93(3)316 IDENTIFICATON OF THE ELBURZ MOUNTAINS, IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (December 2011) 93(3)316 IDENTIFICATON OF THE ELBURZ MOUNTAINS, IRAN JUNIPER and Rangelands, Box 13185-116, Tehran, Iran ABSTRACT The utilization of 3,714 bp from four gene regions (nr the Elburz Mtns., Iran as Juniperus polycarpos var. polycarpos, not J. excelsa. The combined NJ tree (3

  9. POSTER PRESENTATION Open Access Lessons of 10 years experience on CCHF in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    POSTER PRESENTATION Open Access Lessons of 10 years experience on CCHF in Iran S Chinikar1* , SM of CCHF in the country. The Lab along with CDC of Iran (national health regulator) and Veterinary Committee on Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers (NECVHFs) for surveillance and control of CCHF in Iran. Methods Since

  10. Global Security: Asymmetric Threats The modules in this class introduce transnational, asymmetric threats/warfare, from terror organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    /Global Shipping) 5. Agriculture & Food 6. Water Supplies 7. Telecommunications 8. Chemicals & Hazardous Materials 9. Nuclear & Radiological Materials Module 2 Asymmetric Tactics to Combat Nation States 1, terrorist threats to America's agriculture and food supplies, water telecommunications, chemicals

  11. U.S. Strategic Options towards Iran: Understanding the U.S.–Iranian Relations through Iranian Domestic Politics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abernathy, Jacob; Blanco, David; Kingsley, Marlee; Kramer, Michael; Lopacka, Karolina; Mauel, Heather; Peacock, Mike; Stotts, Katherine; Varela, Marques; Young, Krysten

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    factional convergences to work with Iran on shared foreign policy objectives. 8 Deborah Amos, “Iran’s Culture Wars: Who’s Winning These Days,” NPR, April 12, 2014, http://www.npr.org/blogs/parallels/2014/04/12/301777901/irans...

  12. Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4)288 Leaf essential oils of Juniperus in central and southern Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4)288 Leaf essential oils of Juniperus in central and southern Iran Tehran 14115-154, Iran. ABSTRACT Leaf essential oils from Juniperus from southern Iran were analyzed oils from southern Iran were mainly in two groups: high cedrol (cf. J. excelsa, J. polycarpos and J

  13. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS IRAN University of Art Isfahn 08.03.2007 http://www.aui.ac.ir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS IRAN University of Art Isfahn 08.03.2007 http://www.aui.ac.ir IRAN Isfahn University of Technology 08.03.2007 http://www.iut.ac.ir IRAN The University of Isfahn 15/03/2011 http://www.ui.ac.ir IRAN Shahid Bahonar University of Kermn 06.06.2005 http

  14. ELT in Iranian high schools in Iran, Malaysia and Japan 131 ELT in Iranian high schools in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    ELT in Iranian high schools in Iran, Malaysia and Japan 131 ELT in Iranian high schools in Iran teachers using prescribed textbooks at Iranian high schools in Iran, Japan and Malaysia. Based on my own testing instruments, influence how teachers use these textbooks. In Iran, the highly standardized national

  15. Global Threat Reduction Initiative Africa and Middle East Project Plan 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jamison, Jeremy D.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GTRI Africa and Middle East Project Plan submitted for school project to American Graduate University.

  16. NNSA's Global Threat Reduction Initiative Removes More Than One Ton of

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA Approved: 5-13-14 FEDERAL EMPLOYEEAdministration takes part in

  17. U.S. Global Threat Reduction Initiative/U.S.-Origin Nuclear Fuel Removals |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E Ambassadors and C3EDepartment3 AnnualANNOUNCEMENTofDepartment

  18. Working to keep us safe: Sara Brambilla, Postdoc creates threat reduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengtheningWildfires may contribute more to &83 3.3At DOECareers

  19. The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's Molybdenum-99 Program, OAS-L-12-07

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssuesEnergy Solar Decathlon2001 PowerofUseResearch and TrainingAudit

  20. Using Multiple-Valued Logic Decision Diagrams to Model System Threat Probabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manikas, Theodore

    Using Multiple-Valued Logic Decision Diagrams to Model System Threat Probabilities Theodore W importance. To effectively address both natural and intentional threats to large systems, the threats must be cataloged and analyzed. Extremely large and complex systems can have an accordingly large number of threat

  1. Towards A Theory Of Insider Threat Assessment Ramkumar Chinchani, Anusha Iyer, Hung Q. Ngo, Shambhu Upadhyaya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Upadhyaya, Shambhu

    Towards A Theory Of Insider Threat Assessment Ramkumar Chinchani, Anusha Iyer, Hung Q. Ngo, Shambhu}@cse.buffalo.edu Abstract Insider attacks are a well-known problem acknowl- edged as a threat as early as 1980s. The threat to the lack of tools and techniques, security analysts do not correctly perceive the threat, and hence

  2. Ionospheric Threat Model Methodology for Juan Blanch, Todd Walter, Per Enge. Stanford University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    Ionospheric Threat Model Methodology for WAAS Juan Blanch, Todd Walter, Per Enge. Stanford of a threat model. The threat model is used to restrict the expected ionospheric behavior. It must not be too driving the ionosphere are not entirely known, a decision has been made to base the threat model

  3. Threat Assessment Using Evidential Networks A. Benavoli, B. Ristic, A. Farina, M. Oxenham, L. Chisci

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chisci, Luigi

    Threat Assessment Using Evidential Networks A. Benavoli, B. Ristic, A. Farina§, M. Oxenham, L by providing a threat assessment, that is an estimate of the extent to which an enemy platform poses a threat based on evidence about its intent and capability. Threat is modelled by a network of entities

  4. Modeling System Threat Probabilities Using Mixed-Radix Multiple-Valued Logic Decision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornton, Mitchell

    Modeling System Threat Probabilities Using Mixed-Radix Multiple-Valued Logic Decision Diagrams securing systems from both natural and intentional threats. Extremely large and complex systems can have an ac- cordingly large number of threat scenarios, thus simply listing the threats and devising

  5. Matching and fairness in threat-based mobile sensor coverage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma, Cheng-Yu {Jan} L [ORNL; Yau, King Y [ORNL; Chin, Jren-Chit [ORNL; Rao, Nageswara S [ORNL; Shankar, Mallikarjun [ORNL

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mobile sensors can be used to effect complete coverage of a surveillance area for a given threat over time, thereby reducing the number of sensors necessary. The surveillance area may have a given threat profile as determined by the kind of threat, and accompanying meteorological, environmental, and human factors. In planning the movement of sensors, areas that are deemed higher threat should receive proportionately higher coverage. We propose a coverage algorithm for mobile sensors to achieve a coverage that will match - over the long term and as quantified by an RMSE metric - a given threat profile. Moreover, the algorithm has the following desirable properties: (1) stochastic, so that it is robust to contingencies and makes it hard for an adversary to anticipate the sensor's movement, (2) efficient, and (3) practical, by avoiding movement over inaccessible areas. Further to matching, we argue that a fairness measure of performance over the shorter time scale is also important. We show that the RMSE and fairness are, in general, antagonistic, and argue for the need of a combined measure of performance, which we call efficacy. We show how a pause time parameter of the coverage algorithm can be used to control the trade-off between the RMSE and fairness, and present an efficient offline algorithm to determine the optimal pause time maximizing the efficacy. Finally, we discuss the effects of multiple sensors, under both independent and coordinated operation. Extensive simulation results - under realistic coverage scenarios - are presented for performance evaluation.

  6. The kinematics of the Zagros Mountains (Iran) D. HATZFELD1*, C. AUTHEMAYOU24, P. VAN DER BEEK5, O. BELLIER2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    The kinematics of the Zagros Mountains (Iran) D. HATZFELD1*, C. AUTHEMAYOU2­4, P. VAN DER BEEK5, O Survey of Iran, PO Box 13185-1494, Tehran, Iran 8 International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, PO Box 19395/3913, Tehran, Iran 9 National Cartographic Center, PO Box 13185/1684, Tehran, Iran

  7. Sorghum Ergot: New Disease Threat to the Sorghum Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krausz, Joseph P.; Isakeit, Thomas

    1998-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    of the sorghum ergot pathogen and likely serves as an overwintering source of ergot inoculum in south Texas. E-461 6-98 Sorghum Ergot New Disease Threat to the Sorghum Industry *Extension Plant Pathologists, The Texas A&M University System. Newly formed honeydew... dripping from an infected panicle. Joseph Krausz and Thomas Isakeit* Ho w is it a Threat to Texas? Each f_lo wer infected with ergot represents a direct loss of one seed. Additional losses occur because the stickiness of infected panicles inter- feres...

  8. WATER: THREATS AND OPPORTUNITIES Recommendations for the Next President

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WATER: THREATS AND OPPORTUNITIES Recommendations for the Next President Dr. Peter H. Gleick1 October 9, 2008 Safe and adequate fresh water resources are central to the economy, foreign policy domestic and international challenges related to fresh water. These challenges will require unilateral

  9. Climate Threat to the Planet* Implications for Energy Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    Climate Threat to the Planet* Implications for Energy Policy Jim Hansen 4 July 2008 United Nations's Paleoclimate History 2. On-Going Climate Changes 3. Climate Models #12;#12;Green Triangle = Volcano; Red Box;#12;Observations: Domingues, C.M. et al., Nature 453, 1090-1093, 2008. Model: Hansen, J. et al., Science 308, 1431

  10. Secretarial Succession, Threat Level Notification, and Successor Tracking

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This order establishes the Secretarial Order of Succession in the Department of Energy pursuant to section 202(a) of the Department of Energy Organization Act, 42 U.S.C. 7132(a) and establish a mechanism for tracking the locations of successors at the various threat levels. Admin Chg, dated 9-13-2013, cancels DOE O 100.1E.

  11. Secretarial Succession, Threat Level Notification and Successor Tracking

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The Order establishes the Secretarial Order of Succession pursuant to section 202(a) of the Department of Energy Organization Act, 42 U.S.C. 7132(a) and establishes a mechanism for tracking the locations of successors at various threat levels. Cancels DOE O 100.1D.

  12. Secretarial Succession, Threat Level Notification, and Successor Tracking

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2007-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This Order establishes the Secretarial Order of Succession pursuant to section 202(a) of the Department of Energy Organization Act and establishes a mechanism for tracking the locations of successors at various threat levels. Cancels DOE O 100.1C. Canceled by DOE O 100.1E

  13. Threats from Climate Change to Terrestrial Vertebrate Hotspots in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimmermann, Niklaus E.

    Threats from Climate Change to Terrestrial Vertebrate Hotspots in Europe Luigi Maiorano1 to extreme climates. Our results outline that the Mediterranean basin represents both an important hotspot change projected to occur over the coming decades, especially in the Mediterranean bioregion, posing

  14. Land and Revolution in Iran, 1960-1980. By Eric J. Hooglund. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982. Pp. xvii+191. Notes, bibliography, and index. $19.95

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moshiri, Farrokh

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    S 1960-1980. By Eric in Iran, J. Hooglund. Austin: 1982. Pp.Hooglund's Land and Revolution Iran, in valuable addition toobjective economic, and Iran (1960), and a few articles in

  15. Groundwater depletion in the Middle East from GRACE with implications for transboundary water management in the Tigris-Euphrates-Western Iran region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voss, Katalyn A; Famiglietti, James S; Lo, MinHui; de Linage, Caroline; Rodell, Matthew; Swenson, Sean C

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in Marand Plain, Northwest Iran, Iranian Int. J. Sci. , 6(2008), Land subsidence in Iran caused by wide- spread waterTigris-Euphrates-Western Iran region, Water Resour. Res. ,

  16. The Shanghai Six:The Shanghai Six: Milit Th t E i Alli ?Milit Th t E i Alli ?Military Threat or Economic Alliance?Military Threat or Economic Alliance?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    The Shanghai Six:The Shanghai Six: Milit Th t E i Alli ?Milit Th t E i Alli ?Military Threat or Economic Alliance?Military Threat or Economic Alliance? Anna BrownAnna Brown #12;Maps courtesy of Google Maps. #12;Is the SCO a Military Threat?Is the SCO a Military Threat?Is the SCO a Military Threat

  17. A threat analysis framework as applied to critical infrastructures in the Energy Sector.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michalski, John T.; Duggan, David Patrick

    2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The need to protect national critical infrastructure has led to the development of a threat analysis framework. The threat analysis framework can be used to identify the elements required to quantify threats against critical infrastructure assets and provide a means of distributing actionable threat information to critical infrastructure entities for the protection of infrastructure assets. This document identifies and describes five key elements needed to perform a comprehensive analysis of threat: the identification of an adversary, the development of generic threat profiles, the identification of generic attack paths, the discovery of adversary intent, and the identification of mitigation strategies.

  18. COMPOSITION CHIMIQUE DE CERTAINS MIELS DE L'IRAN I. LMENTS MINRAUX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    COMPOSITION CHIMIQUE DE CERTAINS MIELS DE L'IRAN I. �L�MENTS MIN�RAUX Chemische Zusammensetzung einiger Honige aus dem Iran L Mineralische Elemente Hassan EBRAHIMZADEH Farideh HAGHCHENASSE Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences, Université de Téhéran, Téhéran, IRAN R�SUM� Les éléments majeurs

  19. Mission en Iran du 23 Aot au 6 septembre 2003 Michel Waldschmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    Mission en Iran du 23 Août au 6 septembre 2003 Michel Waldschmidt Introduction. En août 2002 je (ICM 2002). Lors de cette Assemblée Générale à Shanghai j'ai rencontré les représentants de l'Iran, Le'Institute for Advanced Study in Basic Science (IASBS) de Zanjan, et qui m'a recommandé de profiter de mon voyage en Iran

  20. L'IRAN ET LE "CROISSANT CHIITE": MYTHES, RALITS ET PROSPECTIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    141 L'IRAN ET LE "CROISSANT CHIITE": MYTHES, R�ALIT�S ET PROSPECTIVE Le recteur Gérard faire évoluer les rapports de force, plus particulièrement au Moyen-Orient, en faveur de l'Iran et, donc chiite ». Ce dernier, allant de l'Iran au Liban, comprendrait d'abord l'Irak post-Saddam, dont les

  1. Notice of Intent to Develop DOE O 470.X, Insider Threat Program

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2013-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The Order establishes top-level responsibilities and requirements for DOE's Insider Threat Program, which is intended to deter, detect, and mitigate insider threat actions by all Federal and contractor employees.

  2. A threat taxonomy for mHealth privacy Institute for Security, Technology, and Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A threat taxonomy for mHealth privacy David Kotz Institute for Security, Technology, and SocietyHealth technologies. We develop a taxonomy of the privacy-related threats, and discuss some of the technologies

  3. A threat-rigidity analysis of the Apache Software Foundation's response to reported server security issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapira, Yoav

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There exists a broad body of literature documenting organizational responses to competitive threats, including those responses which fit into the threat-rigidity hypothesis. The purpose of this thesis is to investigate how ...

  4. MultiMulti--threat Containment withthreat Containment with Cooperative Autonomous AgentsCooperative Autonomous Agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jay Yang, Shanchieh

    as Newtonian particles Quadratic APF (QAPF) · Simple yet does the job Three QAPFs · Moving toward the threats

  5. Q&A with Steven Spencer: Speaker in the Women and STEM Series Talks About How He Became Interested in Studying Psychology, Dissonance, and Stereotype Threat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hooker, Courtney

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dissonance, and stereotype threat A Spencer’s talk, “Athe field of stereotype threat, I was impressed by his kindthink about contents stereotype threat. Therefore, I had the

  6. 11196. Proposed by Mohammad Hossein Mehrabi, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran. Let A and B be real n n matrices. Show that if AB -BA is invertible and A2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heckman, Christopher Carl

    11196. Proposed by Mohammad Hossein Mehrabi, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran. Let A and B be real n Ă? n matrices. Show that if AB - BA is invertible and A2 + B2 = 3(AB - BA

  7. Threat Assessment for Safe Navigation in Environments with Uncertainty in Predictability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    How, Jonathan P.

    Threat Assessment for Safe Navigation in Environments with Uncertainty in Predictability by Georges;Threat Assessment for Safe Navigation in Environments with Uncertainty in Predictability by Georges Salim fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Abstract This thesis develops threat

  8. Probabilistic Representation of the Threat and Consequences of Weapon Attacks on Commercial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hai

    Probabilistic Representation of the Threat and Consequences of Weapon Attacks on Commercial of the Threat and Consequences of Weapon Attacks on Commercial Aircraft CREATE Report 29 November 2005 John P Security has determined that external weapon threats due to surface-air missiles, as well as some

  9. Threat to the point: improving the value of comparative extinction risk analysis for conservation action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidson, Ana

    Threat to the point: improving the value of comparative extinction risk analysis for conservation of such analyses for conservation practice has been questioned. One reason for underperformance may be that threats this problem by (i) reviewing the use of threats in this field and (ii) quanti- tatively investigating

  10. OPEN-FILE REPORT 2005-1164 An Assessment of Volcanic Threat and Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OPEN-FILE REPORT 2005-1164 An Assessment of Volcanic Threat and Monitoring Capabilities Reawakens Volcanic Threat Assessment: Analysis of Hazard and Risk Factors......................... 14 · Table 2. List of hazard and exposure factors used in the NVEWS threat assessment · Figure 3

  11. Reducing the Wildland Fire Threat to Homes: Where and How Much?1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    Reducing the Wildland Fire Threat to Homes: Where and How Much?1 Jack D. Cohen2 Abstract. The threat of life and property losses during wildland fires is a significant issue for Federal, State such as hazard mapping and fuel management. The threat of life and property losses during wildland fires

  12. Ionospheric Threat Parameterization for Local Area Global-Positioning-System-Based Aircraft Landing Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    Ionospheric Threat Parameterization for Local Area Global-Positioning-System-Based Aircraft Landing of user separation. The method of data analysis that produced these results is described, and a threat space that parameterizes these possible threats to user integrity is defined. Certain configurations

  13. Title: Campus Violence and Threat Management Effective Date: September 1, 2012 Page: Page 1 of 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swaddle, John

    Title: Campus Violence and Threat Management Effective Date: September 1, 2012 Page: Page 1 of 4 personal force or violence [and] threats of violence." The policy also fulfills the university's statutory obligations under Section 23-9.2:10 of the Code of Virginia, pursuant to which it has established a threat

  14. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied Seeing the Crowd for the Bomber: Spontaneous Threat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Aniruddh D.

    Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied Seeing the Crowd for the Bomber: Spontaneous Threat: Spontaneous Threat Perception From Static and Randomly Moving Crowd Simulations. Journal of Experimental for the Bomber: Spontaneous Threat Perception From Static and Randomly Moving Crowd Simulations Tad T. Brunyé U

  15. High-Level Information Fusion and Mission Planning in Highly Anisotropic Threat Spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Witkowski, Mark

    High-Level Information Fusion and Mission Planning in Highly Anisotropic Threat Spaces Mark sharing and high-level information fusion to allow for the visualisation of highly anisotropic threat options. Keywords: Information Fusion, Threat Map, Tactical Planning. 1 Introduction We present a first

  16. Fast Threat Detection and Localization Using Super-Regenerative Transceiver in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yan

    Fast Threat Detection and Localization Using Super-Regenerative Transceiver in Random Noise Radar-Regenerative (SRG) transceiver as a type of ultra-fast electronics platform for threat detection and localization the Angle-of-Arrival (AOA) information of the inbound threats. Simulations and detailed laboratory

  17. Stopping the Insider Threat: the case for implementing integrated autonomic defense mechanisms in computing systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menascé, Daniel A.

    Stopping the Insider Threat: the case for implementing integrated autonomic defense mechanisms that are inseparable from the systems that are being defended. 1. Introduction Threats to the security of an information system may be initiated from either outside or from within an organization. Detecting such threats

  18. Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Threat of Punishment Motivates Memory Encoding via

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adcock, R. Alison

    Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Threat of Punishment Motivates Memory Encoding via Amygdala circuits associated with motivated declarative encoding and active threat avoidance have both been an upcoming scene image. Items associated with the threat of shock were better recognized 24 h later

  19. Ionospheric Threat Mitigation by Geometry Screening in Ground-Based Augmentation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    Ionospheric Threat Mitigation by Geometry Screening in Ground-Based Augmentation Systems Jiyun Lee observed during severe ionospheric storms pose potential threats to the integrity of the Ground threats, because ionospheric gradients are not observable to the ground monitor if they impact

  20. On the Value of a Threat Advisory System for Managing Supply Chain Disruptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snyder, Larry

    On the Value of a Threat Advisory System for Managing Supply Chain Disruptions Brian T. Tomlin "lean" otherwise. In this paper, we propose and investigate a threat advisory system in which the firm in the threat level. We consider a model in which the firm has a single unreliable supplier, for which inventory

  1. Moderate threat causes longer lasting disruption to processing in anxious individuals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bishop, Sonia

    Moderate threat causes longer lasting disruption to processing in anxious individuals Sophie: Forster S, Castle E, Nunez-elizalde AO and Bishop SJ(2014) Moderate threat causes longer lasting in anxiety1 Moderate threat causes longer lasting disruption to processing2 in anxious individuals.3 Sophie

  2. Threat Modeling as a Basis for Security Requirements Suvda Myagmar Adam J. Lee William Yurcik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Threat Modeling as a Basis for Security Requirements Suvda Myagmar Adam J. Lee William Yurcik. Prior to claiming the security of a system, it is important to iden- tify the threats to the system in question. Enumerating the threats to a system helps system architects develop realis- tic and meaningful

  3. Subversion as a Threat in Information Warfare Emory A. Anderson1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irvine, Cynthia E.

    Subversion as a Threat in Information Warfare Emory A. Anderson1 , Cynthia E. Irvine2 , and Roger R-mail: Roger.Schell@aesec.com; ABSTRACT As adversaries develop Information Warfare capabilities, the threat for subversion, that this threat is real, and that it represents a significant vulnerability. Mitigation

  4. The Threat to the Planet: How Can We Avoid Dangerous Human-Made Climate Change?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    The Threat to the Planet: How Can We Avoid Dangerous Human-Made Climate Change? Remarks of James E to describe the threat to our planet posed by unbridled consumption of fossil fuels. I recognize the debt owed to the threat of climate change has been sudden and profound. Only in recent years has the extent and immediacy

  5. LAAS Ionosphere Spatial Gradient Threat Model and Impact of LGF and Airborne Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    LAAS Ionosphere Spatial Gradient Threat Model and Impact of LGF and Airborne Monitoring Ming Luo of users for the current Category I LAAS architecture. In the ionosphere threat model used by previous-case ionosphere conditions. In this paper, the ionosphere threat model is reexamined based on WAAS and IGS data

  6. Enabling Automated Threat Response through the Use of a Dynamic Security Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Enabling Automated Threat Response through the Use of a Dynamic Security Policy Herv´e Debar1: Intrusion Detection, Threat Response, Reaction, Access Control Abstract Information systems security issues to provide countermea- sures to threats compromising the security policy. The response process is far from

  7. 8. SYNTHESIS OF RISK ASSESSMENTS: TAXONOMIC, REGIONAL, AND THREAT-BASED PATTERNS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    457 8. SYNTHESIS OF RISK ASSESSMENTS: TAXONOMIC, REGIONAL, AND THREAT-BASED PATTERNS Estimated specific or generic information indicating relatively high susceptibility to certain threats (e susceptibility to threats and/or known occurrence in diverse or marginal habitats. Many, if not most, species

  8. TITLE: RELEASING PROTECTED HEALTH INFORMATION TO PREVENT A SERIOUS THREAT TO HEALTH OR SAFETY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grishok, Alla

    TITLE: RELEASING PROTECTED HEALTH INFORMATION TO PREVENT A SERIOUS THREAT TO HEALTH OR SAFETY the patient's authorization in order to prevent a serious threat to health or safety. PURPOSE The purpose will release a patient's PHI without the patient's authorization to prevent a serious threat to health

  9. Worry Is Associated With Impaired Gating of Threat From Working Memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larson, Christine L.

    Emotion Worry Is Associated With Impaired Gating of Threat From Working Memory Daniel M. Stout, C. L. (2014, August 25). Worry Is Associated With Impaired Gating of Threat From Working Memory Is Associated With Impaired Gating of Threat From Working Memory Daniel M. Stout University of Wisconsin

  10. University of Newcastle upon Tyne Threat Analysis of Cryptographic Election Schemes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    University of Newcastle upon Tyne COMPUTING SCIENCE Threat Analysis of Cryptographic Election IVERSITY OF #12;TECHNICAL REPORT SERIES No. CS-TR-971 June, 2006 Threat Analysis of Cryptographic Election Schemes P. Y. A. Ryan and T. Peacock. Abstract We discuss some vulnerabilities, threats and counter

  11. THE GLOBALIzATION OF CHINESE SCIENCE: A THREAT OR AN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Chen

    THE GLOBALIzATION OF CHINESE SCIENCE: A THREAT OR AN OPPORTuNITy? recently, I attended the 50th?" and "Is China a threat to the power of the United states?" We have known the host and his family for years). are they a welcome expansion or a threat to the quality of programs? In some years, conferencegoers have expressed

  12. Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Neural Correlates of the Automatic Processing of Threat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Neural Correlates of the Automatic Processing of Threat Facial Signals threat. Attention was focused on either scenes or faces presented in a single overlapping display. Facial. These results suggest that automaticity is not funda- mental to the processing of all facial signals of threat

  13. Factoring species, non-species values and threats into biodiversity prioritisation across the ecoregions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    population density, and the extinction risk of species. This threat index is positively correlated with allFactoring species, non-species values and threats into biodiversity prioritisation across Biodiversity Species Non-species biological values Threat A B S T R A C T Biodiversity in Africa, Madagascar

  14. SmartNotes: Application of Crowdsourcing to the Detection of Web Threats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fink, Eugene

    --Crowdsourcing, Machine Learning, Web Security. I. INTRODUCTION Cybersecurity threats can be broadly divided to two high such security threats is still an ongoing battle, but there is another critical type of cybersecurity threats at al., 2009] and other similar scams have emerged due to the increased popularity of on-line banking

  15. Changing aspects of economic and family structures in Kal?rdasht, a district in Northern Iran, up to 1978

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mir-Hosseini, Ziba

    1980-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is offered as a contribution to the ethnography of Iran. As such it is concerned with the description of some aspects of the economic and familial life in Kalardasht, a mountainous district in the Caspian provinces of Iran...

  16. International Journal of Forest, Soil and Erosion (IJFSE) Vol. 3 No.1 February 2013 Shabestar, I. R. Iran | 45

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mencuccini, Maurizio

    . Iran | 45 Int. J. Forest, Soil and Erosion, 2013 3(1): 45-53 ISSN 2251-6387 © February 2013, GHB's Journals, IJFSE, Shabestar, Iran Research Paper Short-term effects of site preparation practices

  17. U.S. Strategic Options towards Iran: Understanding the U.S.–Iranian Relations through Iranian Domestic Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abernathy, Jacob; Blanco, David; Kingsley, Marlee; Kramer, Michael; Lopacka, Karolina; Mauel, Heather; Peacock, Mike; Stotts, Katherine; Varela, Marques; Young, Krysten

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ongoing nuclear negotiations between the P5+1 and Iran have made greater progress on more substantial issues than any previous talks. This report argues that Iran’s unprecedented willingness to negotiate is strongly influenced by two factors: a...

  18. Shear-wave splitting, lithospheric anisotropy, and mantle deformation beneath the ArabiaEurasia collision zone in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    ­Eurasia collision zone in Iran Ayoub Kaviani a,b,c , Denis Hatzfeld c, , Anne Paul c , Mohammad Tatar b , Keith Priestley d a Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, P.O. Box 45195-1159, Zanjan, Iran b International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, P.O. Box 19395-3913, Tehran, Iran c

  19. Judgment and Decision Making, Vol. 5, No. 7, December 2010, pp. 540546 Sacred values and conflict over Iran's nuclear program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reber, Paul J.

    over Iran's nuclear program Morteza Dehghani1 , Scott Atran2 , Rumen Iliev3 , Sonya Sachdeva3 , Douglas Research, New York, NY Abstract Conflict over Iran's nuclear program, which involves a US-led policy to impose sanctions on Iran, is perceived by each side as a preeminent challenge to its own national

  20. U-Pb zircon geochronology of late NeoproterozoicEarly Cambrian granitoids in Iran: Implications for paleogeography, magmatism,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U-Pb zircon geochronology of late Neoproterozoic­Early Cambrian granitoids in Iran: Implications.O. Box 14155-6455, Tehran, Iran b Department of Geology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045 of various dimensions are exposed in all continental tectonic zones of Iran. These rocks have traditionally

  1. Farmers' knowledge of IPM: A Case Study in the Zanjan Province in Iran (Karamidehkordi, E. and Hashemi, A.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Farmers' knowledge of IPM: A Case Study in the Zanjan Province in Iran (Karamidehkordi, E IN IRAN Esmail Karamidehkordi*, Atefeh Hashemi** *Assistant Professor of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Zanjan University, Zanjan, Iran Email: e.karamidehkordi@gmail.com **Agricultural Extension

  2. New Species of Aphanius (Teleostei, Cyprinodontidae) from Isfahan Province of Iran and a Reanalysis of Other Iranian Species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hrbek, Tomas - Department of Biology, Universidad de Puerto Rico

    New Species of Aphanius (Teleostei, Cyprinodontidae) from Isfahan Province of Iran and a Reanalysis isfahanensis, is described from the Isfahan basin of Iran. It is distinguished from the other Iranian species in Iran. THE extant and extinct species of the killifish genus Aphanius Nardo, 1827 (Cyprinodon- tiformes

  3. The vertical separation of mainshock rupture and microseismicity at Qeshm island in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, John

    -and-thrust belt, Iran E. Nissen a, , F. Yamini-Fard b , M. Tatar b , A. Gholamzadeh b,1 , E. Bergman c , J Engineering and Seismology, PO Box 19395-3913, Tehran, Iran c Department of Physics, University of Colorado rights reserved. 1. Introduction The Zagros mountains in south-western Iran are one of the most rapidly

  4. Submitted to HuffingtonPost.com Obama's Iran Nuclear Deadline: A Grand Bargain is Still Possible if Both Sides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Submitted to HuffingtonPost.com Obama's Iran Nuclear Deadline: A Grand Bargain is Still Possible Obama and Secretary of State Clinton have promised "crippling" new sanctions will be imposed on Iran by year's end if Iran does not seriously engage in negotiations on its nuclear activities. Tehran clearly

  5. Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the origin of shallow slip deficit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fialko, Yuri

    Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the origin of shallow slip (Iran) earth- quake using radar data from the Envisat satellite of the European Space Agency. Analysis. In this paper we report on deformation associated with the Mw6.5 Bam (Iran) earthquake determined using

  6. A Crude Threat :The Limits of an Iranian Missile Campaign against Saudi Arabian Oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Itzkowitz Shifrinson, Joshua

    The United States and its Persian Gulf allies have been increasingly concerned with the growing size and complexity of Iran's ballistic missile programs. At a time when the United States and its allies remain locked in a ...

  7. Nowzari et al. Habitat Associations of Persian Wild Ass in Iran HABITAT ASSOCIATIONS OF PERSIAN WILD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubenstein, Daniel I.

    25 Nowzari et al. · Habitat Associations of Persian Wild Ass in Iran HABITAT ASSOCIATIONS OF PERSIAN WILD ASS (EQUUS HEMIONUS ONAGER) IN QA- TROUYEH NATIONAL PARK, IRAN HANIYEH NOWZARI, Department of the IVth International Wildlife Management Congress: 25-30, 2013 Horses, zebras and asses, members

  8. The Conditional Relationship between Risk and Return in Iran's Stock Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    in Iran by estimating the relationship between various sources of risk -- market risk, oil price risk returns are influenced by unexpected fluctuations in macroeconomic variables such as oil prices, exchangeThe Conditional Relationship between Risk and Return in Iran's Stock Market Mahdieh Rezagholizadeh

  9. Thermal maturity of the Upper Triassic-Middle Jurassic Shemshak Group (Alborz Range, Northern Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Iran) based on organic petrography, geochemistry and basin modelling: implications for source rock1 Thermal maturity of the Upper Triassic-Middle Jurassic Shemshak Group (Alborz Range, Northern Iran. Organic matter (OM) has been investigated using Rock-Eval pyrolysis, elemental analysis

  10. Cloning of fimH and fliC and expression of the fusion protein FimH/FliC from Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) isolated in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Escherichia coli (UPEC) isolated in Iran Asadi Karam MR, Oloomi M, Habibi M, Bouzari S* Department of Molecular Biology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran. Received: March 2012, Accepted: May 2012 is one the most important infectious diseases in Iran that needs further consideration (4

  11. Shirin Ebadi, received the 2003 Nobel Peace Prize for promoting human rights, in particular, the rights of women, children, and political prisoners in Iran. She

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akhmedov, Azer

    , the rights of women, children, and political prisoners in Iran. She was the first Muslim woman to receive one of the first female judges in Iran. She served as president of the city court of Tehran from 1975's Initiative, and the PeaceJam Foundation. She is the author of Refugee Rights in Iran (2008) and Iran

  12. To Appear in Middle East Economic Survey (MEES)-Op-Ed http://www.mees.com/cms/ China's Angst over Iran Sanctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Iran Sanctions Beijing's go-it-alone oil security could fail during any U.S.-Iran conflict Thomas W O "targeted" sanctions on Iran's nuclear program. This is a significant change. For many years, China has fifty percent of its imported oil now comes from the Persian Gulf, and any U.S.-Iran clash could

  13. Iran J Arthropod-Borne Dis, 2010, 4(2): 5660 A Nasiri et al.: Tick Infestation Rate of ... Short Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Iran J Arthropod-Borne Dis, 2010, 4(2): 56­60 A Nasiri et al.: Tick Infestation Rate of ... 56 Province, Iran, 2007-2008 A Nasiri1 , *Z Telmadarraiy1 , H Vatandoost1 , S Chinikar2 , M Moradi2 , MA of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 2 Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran

  14. Identification of threats using linguistics-based knowledge extraction.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chew, Peter A.

    2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the challenges increasingly facing intelligence analysts, along with professionals in many other fields, is the vast amount of data which needs to be reviewed and converted into meaningful information, and ultimately into rational, wise decisions by policy makers. The advent of the world wide web (WWW) has magnified this challenge. A key hypothesis which has guided us is that threats come from ideas (or ideology), and ideas are almost always put into writing before the threats materialize. While in the past the 'writing' might have taken the form of pamphlets or books, today's medium of choice is the WWW, precisely because it is a decentralized, flexible, and low-cost method of reaching a wide audience. However, a factor which complicates matters for the analyst is that material published on the WWW may be in any of a large number of languages. In 'Identification of Threats Using Linguistics-Based Knowledge Extraction', we have sought to use Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) and other similar text analysis techniques to map documents from the WWW, in whatever language they were originally written, to a common language-independent vector-based representation. This then opens up a number of possibilities. First, similar documents can be found across language boundaries. Secondly, a set of documents in multiple languages can be visualized in a graphical representation. These alone offer potentially useful tools and capabilities to the intelligence analyst whose knowledge of foreign languages may be limited. Finally, we can test the over-arching hypothesis--that ideology, and more specifically ideology which represents a threat, can be detected solely from the words which express the ideology--by using the vector-based representation of documents to predict additional features (such as the ideology) within a framework based on supervised learning. In this report, we present the results of a three-year project of the same name. We believe these results clearly demonstrate the general feasibility of an approach such as that outlined above. Nevertheless, there are obstacles which must still be overcome, relating primarily to how 'ideology' should be defined. We discuss these and point to possible solutions.

  15. RLJ/STAT/UPDATE 1-18-11 1 Situation Threat Assessment Policy and Protocol (Update 1/18/11)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rusu, Adrian

    RLJ/STAT/UPDATE 1-18-11 1 Situation Threat Assessment Policy and Protocol (Update 1/18/11) Rowan will use available resources within the Division of Student Affairs in responding to alleged threats or acts of violence by students. Definitions Threat: A threat is defined as any behavior that suggests

  16. Anomaly Detection in Multiple Scale for Insider Threat Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Yoohwan [ORNL] [ORNL; Sheldon, Frederick T [ORNL] [ORNL; Hively, Lee M [ORNL] [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a method to quantify malicious insider activity with statistical and graph-based analysis aided with semantic scoring rules. Different types of personal activities or interactions are monitored to form a set of directed weighted graphs. The semantic scoring rules assign higher scores for the events more significant and suspicious. Then we build personal activity profiles in the form of score tables. Profiles are created in multiple scales where the low level profiles are aggregated toward more stable higherlevel profiles within the subject or object hierarchy. Further, the profiles are created in different time scales such as day, week, or month. During operation, the insider s current activity profile is compared to the historical profiles to produce an anomaly score. For each subject with a high anomaly score, a subgraph of connected subjects is extracted to look for any related score movement. Finally the subjects are ranked by their anomaly scores to help the analysts focus on high-scored subjects. The threat-ranking component supports the interaction between the User Dashboard and the Insider Threat Knowledge Base portal. The portal includes a repository for historical results, i.e., adjudicated cases containing all of the information first presented to the user and including any additional insights to help the analysts. In this paper we show the framework of the proposed system and the operational algorithms.

  17. Neutron Interrogation System For Underwater Threat Detection And Identification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barzilov, Alexander P.; Novikov, Ivan S.; Womble, Phil C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western Kentucky University, 1906 College Heights Blvd, 11077 Bowling Green, KY 42101 (United States)

    2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Wartime and terrorist activities, training and munitions testing, dumping and accidents have generated significant munitions contamination in the coastal and inland waters in the United States and abroad. Although current methods provide information about the existence of the anomaly (for instance, metal objects) in the sea bottom, they fail to identify the nature of the found objects. Field experience indicates that often in excess of 90% of objects excavated during the course of munitions clean up are found to be non-hazardous items (false alarm). The technology to detect and identify waterborne or underwater threats is also vital for protection of critical infrastructures (ports, dams, locks, refineries, and LNG/LPG). We are proposing a compact neutron interrogation system, which will be used to confirm possible threats by determining the chemical composition of the suspicious underwater object. The system consists of an electronic d-T 14-MeV neutron generator, a gamma detector to detect the gamma signal from the irradiated object and a data acquisition system. The detected signal then is analyzed to quantify the chemical elements of interest and to identify explosives or chemical warfare agents.

  18. Social/Ethical Issues in Predictive Insider Threat Monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Frincke, Deborah A.; Zabriskie, Mariah

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Combining traditionally monitored cybersecurity data with other kinds of organizational data is one option for inferring the motivations of individuals, which may in turn allow early prediction and mitigation of insider threats. While unproven, some researchers believe that this combination of data may yield better results than either cybersecurity or organizational data would in isolation. However, this nontraditional approach creates a potential conflict between goals, such as conflicts between organizational security improvements and individual privacy considerations. There are many facets to debate. Should warning signs of a potential malicious insider be addressed before a malicious event has occurred to prevent harm to the organization and discourage the insider from violating the organization’s rules? Would intervention violate employee trust or legal guidelines? What about the possibilities of misuse? Predictive approaches cannot be validated a priori; false accusations can affect the career of the accused; and collection/monitoring of certain types of data may affect employee morale. In this chapter, we explore some of the social and ethical issues stemming from predictive insider threat monitoring and discuss ways that a predictive modeling approach brings to the forefront social and ethical issues that should be considered and resolved by stakeholders and communities of interest.

  19. Safeguards Evaluation Method for evaluating vulnerability to insider threats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Ayat, R.A.; Judd, B.R.; Renis, T.A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As protection of DOE facilities against outsiders increases to acceptable levels, attention is shifting toward achieving comparable protection against insiders. Since threats and protection measures for insiders are substantially different from those for outsiders, new perspectives and approaches are needed. One such approach is the Safeguards Evaluation Method. This method helps in assessing safeguards vulnerabilities to theft or diversion of special nuclear meterial (SNM) by insiders. The Safeguards Evaluation Method-Insider Threat is a simple model that can be used by safeguards and security planners to evaluate safeguards and proposed upgrades at their own facilities. The method is used to evaluate the effectiveness of safeguards in both timely detection (in time to prevent theft) and late detection (after-the-fact). The method considers the various types of potential insider adversaries working alone or in collusion with other insiders. The approach can be used for a wide variety of facilities with various quantities and forms of SNM. An Evaluation Workbook provides documentation of the baseline assessment; this simplifies subsequent on-site appraisals. Quantitative evaluation is facilitated by an accompanying computer program. The method significantly increases an evaluation team's on-site analytical capabilities, thereby producing a more thorough and accurate safeguards evaluation.

  20. A conceptual national plan for outdoor recreation in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saaidi-Ashtiani, Hossein

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , the construction of Amir Kab1r (Karaj), Shahbanou Farah (Sef1d Rud) Mohammad Reza Shah (Dez) and Faranhnaz (Latian) dams have resulted in the creation of four large artificial lakes. Th1s in turn has led to the activities of water skiing and boating in Iran... is humid and subtrop1cal in character, while the interior deserts have hot dry summers and cold dry winters. TABLE 2 IRANIAN DANS AND CAPACITIES Name of Dam Reservoir ca acit million cu. m. A) 8) Dams already built Mohammad Reza Shah Empress Farah...

  1. Russia's Foreign Policy Toward Iran: A Critical Geopolitics Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omelicheva, Mariya Y.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ’s economic recovery spurred by the high energy prices in global markets, but also due to the Kremlin’s efforts at forging a novel understanding of the Russian external greatness. While Russia’s “great power” identity has retained its imperial, territorial... developments in the Middle East region would have been severely curtailed had Iran acquired a nuclear warhead. Moscow’s support for the last round of the UNSC sanctions was party driven by the realization of these prospects by the Russian government...

  2. Wilderness threats matrix: A framework for assessing impacts. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, D.N.

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report includes the framework represented as a matrix of potential threats and attributes of wilderness character. Cells in the matrix represent the impacts of threats on each attribute. Potential application of the matrix are described. An application of the matrix to the wildernesses in the Forest Service's Northern Region (northern Idaho and Montana) suggests that fire management is the most significant threat to those wildernesses and that aquatic systems are the most threatened wilderness attribute.

  3. Because It's Not There: Verbal Visuality and the Threat of Graphics in Interactive Fiction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kashtan, Aaron

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Threat of Graphics in Interactive Fiction Aaron Kashtantwo contemporary works of interactive fiction (IF), NickHuman Factors Keywords Interactive fiction, ekphrasis, word-

  4. Because It's Not There: Verbal Visuality and the Threat of Graphics in Interactive Fiction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kashtan, Aaron

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the power of computer graphics, text still has access tothat are unavailable in graphics – including visual effects.Visuality and the Threat of Graphics in Interactive Fiction

  5. Thtres de Perse et d'Iran : aperu gnral ve FEUILLEBOIS-PIERUNEK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Théâtres de Perse et d'Iran : aperçu général �ve FEUILLEBOIS-PIERUNEK Sorbonne Nouvelle ­ Paris 3, UMR 7528 « Mondes iranien et indien » L'Iran possède à la fois un théâtre rituel encore très vivace siècle, ne doit rien à l'Occident. La question de l'existence d'un théâtre indigène en Iran s

  6. ans cette puissance rgio-qu'est l'Iran, les don-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    EDITORIAL ans cette puissance régio- nale1 qu'est l'Iran, les don- nées démographiques met- tent en diversité ethnique et religieuse d'un pays qui passe souvent pour homogène. En effet, les périphéries de l'Iran majorité perse. � l'extrême sud-est, le peuplement de l'Iran comprend des baloutches (Province du Sistan

  7. On the Dialectic of Silence: Klee, Kahn, and the Space of Transversal Modernity in Iran 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baradaran Mohajeri, Shima

    2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation connects the cultural theory of space with specific aesthetic and architectural practices in the history of modernism that are entangled with the past and present of Iran, its artifacts, and its politics. ...

  8. Transitions in domestic architecture and home culture in twentieth century Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karimi, Z. Pamela (Zahra Pamela)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation explores the transformation of the Iranian home in twentieth century Iran. While surveying the socio political underpinnings and aesthetic ends of domesticity in Iranian culture from the early twentieth ...

  9. Imaging topographic growth by long-lived postseismic afterslip at Sefidabeh, east Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copley, Alex; Reynolds, Kirsty

    2014-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes observations and models of the postseismic deformation following the 1994 Sefidabeh earthquake sequence in east Iran, which shed light on the nature of the earthquake cycle and the mechanisms of topographic growth in the region...

  10. On the Dialectic of Silence: Klee, Kahn, and the Space of Transversal Modernity in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baradaran Mohajeri, Shima

    2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation connects the cultural theory of space with specific aesthetic and architectural practices in the history of modernism that are entangled with the past and present of Iran, its artifacts, and its politics. As a response to different...

  11. GEOSPATIOTEMPORAL DATA MINING IN AN EARLY WARNING SYSTEM FOR FOREST THREATS IN THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Richard

    GEOSPATIOTEMPORAL DATA MINING IN AN EARLY WARNING SYSTEM FOR FOREST THREATS IN THE UNITED STATES F) for the conterminous United States as part of an early warning system to identify threats to forest ecosystems. Cluster States (CONUS) as part of a two tier system: An early warning system that monitors continental-scale ar

  12. Review and Evaluation of Security Threats on the Communication Networks in the Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wenye

    Review and Evaluation of Security Threats on the Communication Networks in the Smart Grid Zhuo Lu Park, NC 27709 Email: cliff.wang@us.army.mil Abstract--The smart grid, generally referred in the smart grid. In this paper, we aim at classifying and evaluating the security threats

  13. Recommendations for the Next President Pacific Institute Fresh Water: Threats and Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Gleicki October 9, 2008 Lack of a National Water Policy As we enter the 21st century, pressures on waterRecommendations for the Next President Pacific Institute Fresh Water: Threats and Opportunities WATER: THREATS AND OPPORTUNITIES Recommendations for the Next President Background Material Dr. Peter H

  14. Climate change is one of the greatest threats facing us today. CICERO's mission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansen, Tom Henning

    Climate change is one of the greatest threats facing us today. CICERO's mission is to provide reliable and comprehensive knowledge about all aspects of the climate change problem. Foto: Scanpix #12;Climate change is one of the greatest threats facing us today. CICERO's mission is to provide reliable

  15. Novel Threat-risk Index Using Probabilistic Risk Assessment and Human Reliability Analysis - Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    George A. Beitel

    2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In support of a national need to improve the current state-of-the-art in alerting decision makers to the risk of terrorist attack, a quantitative approach employing scientific and engineering concepts to develop a threat-risk index was undertaken at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). As a result of this effort, a set of models has been successfully integrated into a single comprehensive model known as Quantitative Threat-Risk Index Model (QTRIM), with the capability of computing a quantitative threat-risk index on a system level, as well as for the major components of the system. Such a threat-risk index could provide a quantitative variant or basis for either prioritizing security upgrades or updating the current qualitative national color-coded terrorist threat alert.

  16. Un-reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martins Bruveris; David C. P. Ellis; Francois Gay-Balmaz; Darryl D. Holm

    2015-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides a full geometric development of a new technique called un-reduction, for dealing with dynamics and optimal control problems posed on spaces that are unwieldy for numerical implementation. The technique, which was originally concieved for an application to image dynamics, uses Lagrangian reduction by symmetry in reverse. A deeper understanding of un-reduction leads to new developments in image matching which serve to illustrate the mathematical power of the technique.

  17. Insider Threat - Material Control and Accountability Mitigation (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Powell, Danny H [ORNL] [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL] [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Why is the insider a concern? There are many documented cases of nuclear material available for sale - there are more insider diversions than outsider attacks and more than 18 documented cases of theft or loss of plutonium or highly enriched uranium. Insider attributes are: have access, has authority, possesses knowledge, works with absence of timeline, can test system, and may act alone or support a team. Material control and accountability (MC&A) is an essential part of an integrated safeguards system. Objectives of MC&A are: (1) Ongoing confirmation of the presence of special nuclear material (SNM) in assigned locations; (2) Prompt investigation of anomalies that may indicate a loss of SNM; (3) Timely and localized detection of loss, diversion, or theft of a goal quantity; (4) Rapid assessment and response to detection alarms; and (5) Timely generation of information to aid in the recovery of SNM in the event of an actual loss, diversion, or theft from the purview of the MC&A system. Control and accountability of material, equipment, and data are essential to minimizing insider threats.

  18. The National Nuclear Security Administration Global Threat Reduction Initiative's Contract Administration, OAS-L-12-01

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssuesEnergy Solar Decathlon2001Competitiveness |The MakingThe

  19. Regional Impact of an Elevated Heat Source: The Zagros Plateau of Iran BENJAMIN F. ZAITCHIK, JASON P. EVANS, AND RONALD B. SMITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Jason

    Regional Impact of an Elevated Heat Source: The Zagros Plateau of Iran BENJAMIN F. ZAITCHIK, JASON in the north, the Taurus Moun- tains of Turkey, and the Zagros Plateau in Iran. Inter- secting atmospheric

  20. 52293Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 170 / Wednesday, September 3, 2014 / Proposed Rules that even if each threat individually

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    if each threat individually does not result in population-level effects that may warrant protection). For the other six petitioned species, we have specifically considered whether two or more of the threats or in the foreseeable future. We have no information to suggest that the identified threats to the species will work

  1. 36284 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 123 / Thursday, June 26, 2014 / Proposed Rules threat (e.g., fishery interactions, ship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    36284 Federal Register / Vol. 79, No. 123 / Thursday, June 26, 2014 / Proposed Rules threat (e concludes that the recovering population in combination with the removal of previously identified threats- and long-term; (7) the effects of other threats, including whaling, disease and predation, contaminants

  2. Detecting Threat-Related Intentional Actions of Others: Effects of Image Quality, Response Mode, and Target Cuing on Vigilance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parasuraman, Raja

    Detecting Threat-Related Intentional Actions of Others: Effects of Image Quality, Response Mode to detect infrequent threat-related actions. Participants indicated detection of target actions either vigilance task. Irrespective of response mode, the detection rate of intentional threats declined over time

  3. Stereotype Threat Excerpt from Malcolm Gladwell's "The Art of Failure" in the New Yorker, August 21 & 28,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMains, Sara

    Stereotype Threat Excerpt from Malcolm Gladwell's "The Art of Failure" in the New Yorker, August 21 they call "stereotype threat": when black students are put into a situation where they are directly-- the resulting pressure causes their performance to suffer." "Steele and others have found stereotype threat

  4. Stereotype Threat Reinterpreted as a Regulatory Mismatch Lisa R. Grimm, Arthur B. Markman, W. Todd Maddox, and Grant C. Baldwin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maddox, W. Todd

    Stereotype Threat Reinterpreted as a Regulatory Mismatch Lisa R. Grimm, Arthur B. Markman, W. Todd of strands of work to identify causes of stereotype threat in a way that allows them to reverse the effects. This work suggests that stereotype threat effects emerge from a prevention focus combined with tasks

  5. Threat of Bodily Harm Has Opposing Effects on Cognition Kesong Hu, Andrew Bauer, Srikanth Padmala, and Luiz Pessoa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pessoa, Luiz

    Emotion Threat of Bodily Harm Has Opposing Effects on Cognition Kesong Hu, Andrew Bauer, Srikanth., Bauer, A., Padmala, S., & Pessoa, L. (2011, June 27). Threat of Bodily Harm Has Opposing Effects on Cognition. Emotion. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/a0024345 #12;Threat of Bodily Harm Has Opposing

  6. INFECTIOUS DISEASE OUTBREAKS Avian Flu, measles, Mumps, SARs, and other infectious diseases can pose a threat to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    pose a threat to the University community as they do to communities worldwide. If there is an outbreak has extensive information on these and other health threats on their website (http are appropriate to the emerging threat and ready for implementation. Response team meets with increasing frequency

  7. 34.07.99.M0.02 Bomb Threat Procedures Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    34.07.99.M0.02 Bomb Threat Procedures Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 34.07.99.M0.02 Bomb Threat Procedures Approved September 25, 2001 Revised April 30, 2010 Next scheduled review: April 4, 2016 Standard Administrative Procedure Statement Any and all bomb threats are regarded seriously

  8. DownloadedBy:[NorthwesternUniversity]At:03:5419April2008 Conscious intrusion of threat information via

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reber, Paul J.

    DownloadedBy:[NorthwesternUniversity]At:03:5419April2008 Conscious intrusion of threat information University, Chicago, IL, USA Preferential processing of threat has been implicated in the development and perpetuation of anxiety. We investigated threat processing and anxiety using a subliminal priming paradigm

  9. Iran cannot have claimed to be building a thermonuclear reactor -To build a thermonuclear reactor by its own efforts is a task absolutely beyond Iran's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iran cannot have claimed to be building a thermonuclear reactor - expert To build a thermonuclear at the Institute of Nuclear Fusion of the Russian Research Center Kurchatov Institute, said: "Our specialists misunderstood." Work to create a thermonuclear reactor has been pursued in all leading countries for several

  10. A program for reducing teacher's resistance to changes in curriculum in centralized education systems. An experience on changes of mathematics text books in Iran based on distinction results.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    systems. An experience on changes of mathematics text books in Iran based on distinction results. Zohreh systems are prepared from an upper-stream reference and hand over teachers' disposal . Curricula in Iran as Polya had said. And so curricula developers in Iran tried to integrate Polya's method in math books

  11. To appear in Proceedings of the 3rd USENIX Workshop on Free and Open Communications on the Internet, August 2013. Internet Censorship in Iran: A First Look

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    , August 2013. Internet Censorship in Iran: A First Look Simurgh Aryan Aryan Censorship Project aryan censorship in Iran based on network measurements conducted from a major Iranian ISP during the lead up Introduction Iran is known as one of the leading suppressors of Internet freedom. Reporters Without Borders

  12. Exhumation History of the Alam Kuh Area, Central Alborz Mountains, Northern Iran: Implications for Caspian subsidence and Collision-Related Tectonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Exhumation History of the Alam Kuh Area, Central Alborz Mountains, Northern Iran: Implications, University of Tehran, Iran Abstract. Crystallization and thermal histories of two plutons in the northwestern Alborz (also Elburz, Elburs) Mountains, northern Iran were obtained by U/Pb, 40 Ar/39 Ar, and (U

  13. ArchiveofSID Journal of Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran 18(2): 139-149 (2007) http://jsciences.ut.ac.ir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Gerta

    ArchiveofSID Journal of Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran 18(2): 139-149 (2007) http the Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary in Southwestern Iran B. Darvishzad,1,* E. Ghasemi-Nejad,2 S. Ghourchaei,2 and G of Iran 2 Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Islamic Republic

  14. The 3-stage evolution of the Angouran Zn "oxide"-sulfide deposit, Iran Fakultt Chemie, Technische Universitt Mnchen, Germany albert.gilg@geo.tum.de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boni, Maria

    The 3-stage evolution of the Angouran Zn "oxide"-sulfide deposit, Iran H.A. Gilg Fakultät Chemie@unina.it F. Moore Geological Department, University Shiraz, Iran moor@geology.susc.ac.ir Keywords: Angouran, Iran, sulfide, MVT, smithsonite, hypogene, supergene ABSTRACT: The giant Angouran Zn-Pb deposit (Zanjan

  15. 43. Zur aktuellen Situation von Apis mel-lifera meda im Iran. K Bienefeld 1, GH Tah-K Bienefeld1 , GH Tah-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    43. Zur aktuellen Situation von Apis mel- lifera meda im Iran. K Bienefeld 1, GH Tah-K Bienefeld1, Iran; 3 Institut fĂĽr Bienenkunde, Karl-von- Frisch-Weg 2, D-61440 Oberursel, Deutsch- land) Bis zu den in Iran Up to the political changes in 1979, many queens (Midnight and Starline hybrids) were imported

  16. Distribution of the right-lateral strikeslip motion from the Main Recent Fault to the Kazerun Fault System (Zagros, Iran): Evidence from present-day GPS velocities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    Fault System (Zagros, Iran): Evidence from present-day GPS velocities F. Tavakoli a,b , A. Walpersdorf a Center, Meraj Ave. Azadi Sq., P.O.Box 13185-1684, Tehran, Iran c CEREGE, CNRS, Université Aix-Marseille-3 Institute for Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, P.O. Box 19395/3913, Tehran, Iran e Institut de

  17. Darwin's Pangenesis and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives P. Kyle Stanford has argued that the most substantial threat to scientific realism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    argued that the most substantial threat to scientific realism arises from the problem of unconceived significant threat to scientific realism derives neither from traditional underdetermination arguments nor

  18. Project Programming and Commissioning as a Risk Mitigation and Threat Analysis Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, M. L.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    beyond traditional disciplines including risk/threat analysis and mitigation programs. This paper discusses the growing trend of using a commissioning approach as a documentation process for the validation requirements, which are documented in the study...

  19. Threat assessment for safe navigation in environments with uncertainty in predictability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aoudé, Georges Salim

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis develops threat assessment algorithms to improve the safety of the decision making of autonomous and human-operated vehicles navigating in dynamic and uncertain environments, where the source of uncertainty is ...

  20. What Happens When Low Status Groups Start Moving Up? Prejudice and Threat to Group Position

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nierman, Angela J.

    2007-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Does threat operate as a cause or a consequence of prejudice? Three studies investigated how high status groups respond to low status groups' advances. I hypothesized that gays' status gains are threatening to heterosexuals' privileged group...

  1. CERNA WORKING PAPER SERIES Spatial price homogeneity as a mechanism to reduce the threat of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    district heating sector in 2007, confirms the theoretical predictions. Keywords: regulatory threat, district heating, Sweden JEL Classification: L12, L21, L51, L97 hal-00659458,version1-12Jan2012 #12;2 1

  2. A unified framework for trajectory planning, threat assessment, and semi-autonomous control of passenger vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Sterling J., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes the design of an active safety framework that performs trajectory planning, threat assessment, and semi-autonomous control of passenger vehicles in hazard avoidance scenarios. The vehicle navigation ...

  3. Tackling the Triple-Threat Genome of Miscanthus x giganteus (2010 JGI User Meeting)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Moose, Steve

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Steve Moose from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the Energy Biosciences Institute on "Tackling the Triple-Threat Genome of Miscanthus x giganteus" on March 25, 2010 at the 5th Annual DOE JGI User Meeting

  4. Jack N. Summe Director, Navy Insider Threat to Cyber Security (ITCS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jack N. Summe Director, Navy Insider Threat to Cyber Security (ITCS) Mr. Jack Summe currently Psychological Operations Group (Airborne) from 2003-2005. A native of Warsaw, Indiana, he holds a bachelor

  5. Anomaly metrics to differentiate threat sources from benign sources in primary vehicle screening.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cohen, Israel Dov; Mengesha, Wondwosen

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Discrimination of benign sources from threat sources at Port of Entries (POE) is of a great importance in efficient screening of cargo and vehicles using Radiation Portal Monitors (RPM). Currently RPM's ability to distinguish these radiological sources is seriously hampered by the energy resolution of the deployed RPMs. As naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) are ubiquitous in commerce, false alarms are problematic as they require additional resources in secondary inspection in addition to impacts on commerce. To increase the sensitivity of such detection systems without increasing false alarm rates, alarm metrics need to incorporate the ability to distinguish benign and threat sources. Principal component analysis (PCA) and clustering technique were implemented in the present study. Such techniques were investigated for their potential to lower false alarm rates and/or increase sensitivity to weaker threat sources without loss of specificity. Results of the investigation demonstrated improved sensitivity and specificity in discriminating benign sources from threat sources.

  6. Detection and Analysis of Threats to the Energy Sector: DATES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alfonso Valdes

    2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes Detection and Analysis of Threats to the Energy Sector (DATES), a project sponsored by the United States Department of Energy and performed by a team led by SRI International, with collaboration from Sandia National Laboratories, ArcSight, Inc., and Invensys Process Systems. DATES sought to advance the state of the practice in intrusion detection and situational awareness with respect to cyber attacks in energy systems. This was achieved through adaptation of detection algorithms for process systems as well as development of novel anomaly detection techniques suited for such systems into a detection suite. These detection components, together with third-party commercial security systems, were interfaced with the commercial Security Information Event Management (SIEM) solution from ArcSight. The efficacy of the integrated solution was demonstrated on two testbeds, one based on a Distributed Control System (DCS) from Invensys, and the other based on the Virtual Control System Environment (VCSE) from Sandia. These achievements advance the DOE Cybersecurity Roadmap [DOE2006] goals in the area of security monitoring. The project ran from October 2007 until March 2010, with the final six months focused on experimentation. In the validation phase, team members from SRI and Sandia coupled the two test environments and carried out a number of distributed and cross-site attacks against various points in one or both testbeds. Alert messages from the distributed, heterogeneous detection components were correlated using the ArcSight SIEM platform, providing within-site and cross-site views of the attacks. In particular, the team demonstrated detection and visualization of network zone traversal and denial-of-service attacks. These capabilities were presented to the DistribuTech Conference and Exhibition in March 2010. The project was hampered by interruption of funding due to continuing resolution issues and agreement on cost share for four months in 2008. This resulted in delays in finalizing agreements with commercial partners, and in particular the Invensys testbed was not installed until December 2008 (as opposed to the March 2008 plan). The project resulted in a number of conference presentations and publications, and was well received when presented at industry forums. In spite of some interest on the part of the utility sector, we were unfortunately not able to engage a utility for a full-scale pilot deployment.

  7. US strategic nuclear forces in the post strategic arms reduction talk world: Is there a future for nuclear deterrence. Research report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Filler, R.J.

    1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Following victory in the Cold War, the Soviet threat that shaped United States` nuclear deterrent strategy for the past 40 years, is gone. That defined, monolithic threat has been replaced by a diverse array of new challenges including proliferation of nuclear, chemical and biological Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) among regional powers, rogue states and non-state actors. In the face of this emerging WMD threat, the United States is dismantling its chemical and biological weapons stockpile and remains committed to further reductions in its nuclear arsenal. Can a reduced U.S. nuclear weapons arsenal provide a credible deterrent to the growing threat posed by proliferation of WMD. Finally, in light of the current Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA), is it time to reduce our dependence on nuclear weapons and pursue other deterrent options.

  8. DISCLOSURE OF EDUCATION RECORDS IN HEALTH AND SAFETY EMERGENCIES If the university determines that there is an articulable and significant threat to the health or safety of a student or

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    If the university determines that there is an articulable and significant threat individuals. · ``Articulable and significant threat'' means that if a school reasonably believes that a student poses a significant threat, such as a threat

  9. Threat-aware Path Planning in Uncertain Urban Environments Georges S. Aoude, Brandon D. Luders, Daniel S. Levine, and Jonathan P. How

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    How, Jonathan P.

    Threat-aware Path Planning in Uncertain Urban Environments Georges S. Aoude, Brandon D. Luders intents. We propose a novel threat assessment module, consisting of an intention predictor and a threat assessor, which augments the host vehicle's path planner with a real-time threat value representing

  10. Situation Threat Assessment Policy and Protocol (Updated 9/1/11) Rowan University is committed to promoting a safe and secure learning environment. It is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rusu, Adrian

    Situation Threat Assessment Policy and Protocol (Updated 9/1/11) Rowan University is committed resources within the Division of Student Life in responding to alleged threats or acts of violence by students. Definitions Threat: A threat is defined as any behavior that suggests intent to harm self

  11. REDUCTIONS WITHOUT REGRET: SUMMARY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swegle, J.; Tincher, D.

    2013-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper briefly summarizes the series in which we consider the possibilities for losing, or compromising, key capabilities of the U.S. nuclear force in the face of modernization and reductions. The first of the three papers takes an historical perspective, considering capabilities that were eliminated in past force reductions. The second paper is our attempt to define the needed capabilities looking forward in the context of the current framework for force modernization and the current picture of the evolving challenges of deterrence and assurance. The third paper then provides an example for each of our undesirable outcomes: the creation of roach motels, box canyons, and wrong turns.

  12. Ghandi & Lin 1 Do Iran's Buy-Back Service Contracts Lead to Optimal Production?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    Ghandi & Lin 1 Do Iran's Buy-Back Service Contracts Lead to Optimal Production? The Case of Soroosh Exploration through a buy-back service contract. In particular, we examine the National Iranian Oil Company. Keywords: dynamic optimal oil production, buy-back service contract, National Iranian Oil Company

  13. Mineralogical Characteristics of Specimens of a Meteorwrong Fall from NW Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pourkhorsandi, Hamed

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the early hours of October 22, 2011, people of a small town in NW Iran, called Khameneh (38{\\deg}11'47" N, 45{\\deg}38'14" E) noticed sounds of some colliding objects to home roofs and yard floors. Mineralogical investigations revealed the terrestrial and man-made origin of these stony samples.

  14. Iran-United States Claims Tribunal Precedent in Investor-State Arbitration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, Christopher S.; Drahozal, Christopher R.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    decisional law); and (iv) the merits or instructive value of the prior tribunal's reasoning in reaching its decision - hence, its exposition of the law. Applying these factors to the jurisprudence of the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal demonstrates the importance...

  15. A threat-based definition of IA- and IA-enabled products.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shakamuri, Mayuri; Schaefer, Mark A.; Campbell, Philip LaRoche

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper proposes a definition of 'IA and IA-enabled products' based on threat, as opposed to 'security services' (i.e., 'confidentiality, authentication, integrity, access control or non-repudiation of data'), as provided by Department of Defense (DoD) Instruction 8500.2, 'Information Assurance (IA) Implementation.' The DoDI 8500.2 definition is too broad, making it difficult to distinguish products that need higher protection from those that do not. As a consequence the products that need higher protection do not receive it, increasing risk. The threat-based definition proposed in this paper solves those problems by focusing attention on threats, thereby moving beyond compliance to risk management. (DoDI 8500.2 provides the definitions and controls that form the basis for IA across the DoD.) Familiarity with 8500.2 is assumed.

  16. A threat-based definition of IA and IA-enabled products.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shakamuri, Mayuri; Schaefer, Mark A.; Campbell, Philip LaRoche

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper proposes a definition of 'IA and IA-enabled products' based on threat, as opposed to 'security services' (i.e., 'confidentiality, authentication, integrity, access control or non-repudiation of data'), as provided by Department of Defense (DoD) Instruction 8500.2, 'Information Assurance (IA) Implementation.' The DoDI 8500.2 definition is too broad, making it difficult to distinguish products that need higher protection from those that do not. As a consequence the products that need higher protection do not receive it, increasing risk. The threat-based definition proposed in this paper solves those problems by focusing attention on threats, thereby moving beyond compliance to risk management. (DoDI 8500.2 provides the definitions and controls that form the basis for IA across the DoD.) Familiarity with 8500.2 is assumed.

  17. Comprehensive test ban treaty international monitoring system security threats and proposed security attributes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Draelos, T.J.; Craft, R.L.

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To monitor compliance with a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), a sensing network, referred to as the International Monitoring System (IMS), is being deployed. Success of the IMS depends on both its ability to preform its function and the international community`s confidence in the system. To ensure these goals, steps must be taken to secure the system against attacks that would undermine it; however, it is not clear that consensus exists with respect to the security requirements that should be levied on the IMS design. In addition, CTBT has not clearly articulated what threats it wishes to address. This paper proposes four system-level threats that should drive IMS design considerations, identifies potential threat agents, and collects into one place the security requirements that have been suggested by various elements of the IMS community. For each such requirement, issues associated with the requirement are identified and rationale for the requirement is discussed.

  18. Invasion of French Polynesia by the Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter, Homalodisca coagulata (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae): A New Threat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoddle, Mark S.

    (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae): A New Threat to the South Pacific1 Julie Grandgirard,2,3 Mark S. Hoddle,4 George K

  19. Aluminum reduction cell electrode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goodnow, W.H.; Payne, J.R.

    1982-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention is directed to cathode modules comprised of refractory hard metal materials, such as TiB[sub 2], for an electrolytic cell for the reduction of alumina wherein the modules may be installed and replaced during operation of the cell and wherein the structure of the cathode modules is such that the refractory hard metal materials are not subjected to externally applied forces or rigid constraints. 9 figs.

  20. Stable isotope geochemistry of sulfur bearing minerals and clay mineralogy of some soils and sediments in Loot Desert, central Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Stable isotope geochemistry of sulfur bearing minerals and clay mineralogy of some soils Keywords: Sulfur geochemistry Gypsum crystallization water Clay mineralogy Palygorskite Iranian soils Loot technique and clay mineralogy were studied in different landforms in Loot Desert, central Iran. Four

  1. Cultivat(ing) modernities : the Society for National Heritage, political propaganda and public architecture in twentieth-century Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigor, Talinn, 1972-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Beginning in 1922, under the auspices of the Pahlavi dynasty of Iran, the tombs of selected historical figures were systematically destroyed to make way for modern mausoleums erected as metaphors for an "Aryan" nation in ...

  2. Landmarks of the Persian Renaissance : monumental funerary architecture in Iran and Central Asia in the tenth and eleventh centuries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michailidis, Melanie

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation investigates the sudden proliferation of mausolea in Iran and Central Asia in the tenth and eleventh centuries and how their patrons, who were secular rulers of Iranian descent, drew on the pre-Islamic ...

  3. Iran and the Boomeranging Cartoon Wars: Can Public Spheres At Risk Ally With Public Spheres Yet to be Achieved?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Michael M. J.

    Twelve cartoons, published in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten in September 2005, nine cartoons published in the Tehran newspaperIran in May 2006, and two hundred eighty-two cartoons curated in Tehran in September 2006 ...

  4. ‘I am the brave hero and this land is mine’: popular music and youth identity in post-revolutionary Iran 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steward, Theresa Parvin

    2013-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past decade, popular music in Iran has steadily gained recognition beyond its borders. The Western media has increasingly provided an idealised and romanticised view of music-making in the Iranian underground. ...

  5. Evidence-based spatial intervention for regeneration of deteriorating urban areas, a case of study from Tehran, Iran 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rismanchian, Omid

    2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Throughout the urban development process over the last seven decades in Tehran, the capital city of Iran, many self-generated neighbourhoods have developed in which the majority of the residents are low-income families. ...

  6. +++ CIVIL WAR IN SOUTH SUDAN CLAIMS THOUSANDS OF LIVES +++ NUMBER OF DIVORCES IN IRAN TRIPLES +++ AT LEAST 15 DEAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    +++ CIVIL WAR IN SOUTH SUDAN CLAIMS THOUSANDS OF LIVES +++ NUMBER OF DIVORCES IN IRAN TRIPLES of South Sudan, the newest member of the international community of sovereign states, shows. Researchers

  7. Forest Fuels ReductionForest Fuels Reduction Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolding, M. Chad

    the initial fuels reduction treatments leave the site with regard to long-term forest vegetation and soil are the productivity and cost rates for alternative choices of equipment for mechanical fuels reduction; what reduction operations for existing markets and new markets? (eg. biomass energy) Research Rationale

  8. Offsite Manufacturing: A Survey on the Current Status and Risks of Offsite Construction in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hashemi, Arman

    2015-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    . “Code for Sustainable Homes: Opportunities or Threats for Offsite Manufacturing and Mass-Customization?.” In Proceedings of ZEMCH (Zero Energy Mass Custom Home) 2013 International Conference: The Visibility of Zero-Energy Housing, 111-22. [4...

  9. NOM's National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) is working to reduce these threats to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    human actˇvˇtˇes, such as dredging in the marˇne envˇronment 0r the ˇntakes of power plants, may ˇnc power plants often take in sea water to cool the reactors. Sea turtles may be trapped against intakeNOM's National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) is working to reduce these threats to help conserve

  10. Modeling threat assessments of water supply systems using markov latent effects methodology.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silva, Consuelo Juanita

    2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent amendments to the Safe Drinking Water Act emphasize efforts toward safeguarding our nation's water supplies against attack and contamination. Specifically, the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 established requirements for each community water system serving more than 3300 people to conduct an assessment of the vulnerability of its system to a terrorist attack or other intentional acts. Integral to evaluating system vulnerability is the threat assessment, which is the process by which the credibility of a threat is quantified. Unfortunately, full probabilistic assessment is generally not feasible, as there is insufficient experience and/or data to quantify the associated probabilities. For this reason, an alternative approach is proposed based on Markov Latent Effects (MLE) modeling, which provides a framework for quantifying imprecise subjective metrics through possibilistic or fuzzy mathematics. Here, an MLE model for water systems is developed and demonstrated to determine threat assessments for different scenarios identified by the assailant, asset, and means. Scenario assailants include terrorists, insiders, and vandals. Assets include a water treatment plant, water storage tank, node, pipeline, well, and a pump station. Means used in attacks include contamination (onsite chemicals, biological and chemical), explosives and vandalism. Results demonstrated highest threats are vandalism events and least likely events are those performed by a terrorist.

  11. Damage Threats and Response of Final Optics for Laser-Fusion Power Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tillack, Mark

    Damage Threats and Response of Final Optics for Laser-Fusion Power Plants M. S. Tillack1 , S. A-1597 The final optics for laser-IFE (inertial fusion energy) power plants will be exposed to a variety of damage to be the most serious concerns for a power plant. 1. Introduction Survival of the final optic is one of the most

  12. DO GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE REPRESENT A SERIOUS THREAT TO OUR WELFARE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DO GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE REPRESENT A SERIOUS THREAT TO OUR WELFARE AND ENVIRONMENT? By Michael E. Mann I. Introduction The subjects of "global warming" and "climate change" have become parts of both the popular lexicon and the public discourse. Discussions of global warming often evoke passionate

  13. EVALUATING THREAT ASSESSMENT FOR MULTI-STAGE CYBER ATTACKS Shanchieh Jay Yang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jay Yang, Shanchieh

    attacks has become a critical issue, yet different from that of traditional physical attacks. Current behavior, hacking methods, and network vulnerabilities. This is different from traditional physical attacks by traditional physical attacks. The question then is how good a cyber threat assessment algorithm one should

  14. Toward a generic model of security in organizational context: exploring insider threats to information infrastructure.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martinez-Moyano, I. J.; Samsa, M. E.; Burke, J. F.; Akcam, B. K.; Decision and Information Sciences; Rockefeller Coll. at the State Univ. of New York at Albany

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a generic model for information security implementation in organizations. The model presented here is part of an ongoing research stream related to critical infrastructure protection and insider threat and attack analysis. This paper discusses the information security implementation case.

  15. The threat of terrorism and other attacks raises profound dilemmas for the electric power industry.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    &D) on infrastructure security at the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). At first, I was faced with many reports launched an Infrastructure Security Initiative (ISI), a two-year pro- gram funded by the electric powerThe threat of terrorism and other attacks raises profound dilemmas for the electric power industry

  16. Greenbench: A Benchmark for Observing Power Grid Vulnerability Under Data-Centric Threats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wenye

    Greenbench: A Benchmark for Observing Power Grid Vulnerability Under Data-Centric Threats Mingkui infrastructure and begins to show its inability as the demand for power delivery and consumption boosts in recent power grid. This integration, however, brings a new host of vulnerabilities stem from Internet and opens

  17. ARTICLE doi:10.1038/nature09440 Global threats to human water security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntyre, Peter

    ,20 . The success of integrated water management strategies depends on striking a balance between human resource use policy and management responses to this crisis, and underscores the necessity of limiting threats change, urb- anization, industrialization and engineering schemes like reservoirs, irrigation

  18. The Threat to the Planet* Dark & Bright Sides of Global Warming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    The Threat to the Planet* Dark & Bright Sides of Global Warming Jim Hansen 3 October 2007 presented provides most important information on global warming. Recorded human history occurs within the Holocene for these large climate change is perturbations of Earth's orbit. #12;Continental Drift Fig. 1 "Global Warming

  19. International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy Smart Grid Security: Threats, Vulnerabilities and Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aloul, Fadi

    to be able to communicate with smart meters via a Home Area Network (HAN) facilitating efficient powerInternational Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy Smart Grid Security: Threats, Vulnerabilities is currently evolving into the smart grid. Smart grid integrates the traditional electrical power grid

  20. Risk Analysis of Phytophthora ramorum, a Newly Recognised Pathogen Threat to Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risk Analysis of Phytophthora ramorum, a Newly Recognised Pathogen Threat to Europe and the Cause; 23rd January 2009) Deliverable Report D28 Report on the risk of entry, establishment, spread OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES LIST OF PARTICIPANTS AND CONTRIBUTORS 3 5 6 SUMMARY: PEST RISK ANALYSIS

  1. Cosmic bombardment V: Threat object-dispersing approaches to active planetary defense

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Teller, E.; Wood, L. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace]|[Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Ishikawa, M. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics]|[Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Hyde, R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1995-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Earth-impacting comets and asteroids with diameters {approx}0.03 - 10 km pose the greatest threats to the terrestrial biosphere in terms of impact frequency-weighted impact consequences, and thus are of most concern to designers of active planetary defenses. Specific gravitational binding energies of such objects range from 10{sup -7} to 10{sup -2} J/gm, and are small compared with the specific energies of 1x10{sup 3} to 3x10{sup 3} J/gm required to vaporize objects of typical composition or the specific energies required to pulverize them, which are 10{sup -1} to 10 J/gm. All of these are small compared to the specific kinetic energy of these objects in the Earth- centered frame, which is 2x10{sup 5} to 2x10{sup 6} J/gm. The prospect naturally arises of negating all such threats by deflecting, pulverizing or vaporizing the objects. Pulverization-with-dispersal is an attractive option of reasonable defensive robustness. Examples of such equipments - which employ no explosives of any type - are given. Vaporization is the maximally robust defensive option, and may be invoked to negate threat objects not observed until little time is left until Earth-strike, and pulverization-with-dispersal has proven inadequate. Physically larger threats may be vaporized with nuclear explosives. No contemporary technical means of any kind appear capable of directly dispersing the -100 km diameter scale Charon- class cometary objects recently observed in the outer solar system, although such objects may be deflected to defensively useful extents. Means of implementing defenses of each of these types are proposed for specificity, and areas for optimization noted. Biospheric impacts of threat object debris are briefly considered, for bounding purposes. Experiments are suggested on cometary and asteroidal objects.

  2. Evaluating the use of Social Impact Assessment in the context of agricultural development projects in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahmadvand, Mostafa, E-mail: ahmadvand_2000@yahoo.co [Faculty of Agriculture, Yasuj University, Yasuj (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Karami, Ezatollah, E-mail: ekarami@shirazu.ac.i [Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Zamani, Gholam Hossein, E-mail: zamani@shirazu.ac.i [Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Vanclay, Frank, E-mail: Frank.Vanclay@utas.edu.a [Tasmanian Institute of Agricultural Research, University of Tasmania, Hobart (Australia)

    2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The utilisation of Social Impact Assessment (SIA) in Iran is analysed in terms of its policy context and its application in practice. Five case studies where SIA was employed in conjunction with Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) for agricultural development projects are evaluated. In addition, the performance of the policy context is assessed. This research revealed that there are legal and institutional constraints to the effective functioning of SIA in Iran, and that there are deficiencies in the operating guidelines. There were serious problems associated with the way SIA was undertaken in all five case studies. Recommendations to improve the policy framework for the conduct of SIA are made. The recommendations advocate for a higher profile of SIA within legislation, for social issues to have greater emphasis in official guidelines for the conduct of EIA and SIA, and for a range of measures to increase the professionalism of SIA practice.

  3. Final report of the independent counsel for Iran/Contra matters. Volume 1: Investigations and prosecutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walsh, L.E.

    1993-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In October and November 1986, two secret U.S. Government operations were publicly exposed, potentially implicating Reagan Administration officials in illegal activities. These operations were the provision of assistance to the military activities of the Nicaraguan contra rebels during an October 1984 to October 1986 prohibition on such aid, and the sale of U.S. arms to Iran in contravention of stated U.S. policy and in possible violation of arms-export controls. In late November 1986, Reagan Administration officials announced that some of the proceeds from the sale of U.S. arms to Iran had been diverted to the contras. As a result of the exposure of these operations, Attorney General Edwin Meese III sought the appointment of an independent counsel to investigate and, if necessary, prosecute possible crimes arising from them. This is the final report of that investigation.

  4. Role of Wind in Vernacular Architecture of Hot and Humid Region of Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najafabadi, R. A.; Daneshvar, K.; Pakseresht, K.; Pooryousefzadeh, S.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the total framework which underlies architecture. Vernacular architecture in hot and humid regions of Iran has strong bonds with local climate. Shenasil, Taremi and Wind towers are the features that have developed according to climatic considerations... of different climatic elements on the vernacular architecture with a focus on humidity and air currents. Then, natural ventilation and the architectural elements involving it will be discussed. Finally, the wind towers of the region...

  5. Role of Wind in Vernacular Architecture of Hot and Humid Region of Iran 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najafabadi, R. A.; Daneshvar, K.; Pakseresht, K.; Pooryousefzadeh, S.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the structure, and whose projecting ends were usually left to serve as scaffolding for cleaning and maintenance (figure 7). Figure 7- Plan of wind tower shows an X configuration. Wind towers are often classified by the number of directions from...ROLE OF WIND IN VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE OF HOT AND HUMID REGION OF IRAN RAHMAN AZARI NAJAFABADI ACADEMIC STAFF STUDENT KIMIYA DANESHVAR SAHAR PAKSERESHT SARA POORYOUSEFZADEH STUDENT STUDENT ART...

  6. Vehicle Technologies Office: National Idling Reduction Network...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Idling Reduction Network News Archives Vehicle Technologies Office: National Idling Reduction Network News Archives The National Idling Reduction Network brings together trucking...

  7. Aluminum reduction cell electrode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Payne, J.R.

    1983-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention is directed to an anode-cathode structure for an electrolytic cell for the reduction of alumina wherein the structure is comprised of a carbon anode assembly which straddles a wedge-shaped refractory hard metal cathode assembly having steeply sloped cathodic surfaces, each cathodic surface being paired in essentially parallel planar relationship with an anode surface. The anode-cathode structure not only takes into account the structural weakness of refractory hard metal materials but also permits the changing of the RHM assembly during operation of the cell. Further, the anode-cathode structure enhances the removal of anode gas from the interpolar gap between the anode and cathode surfaces. 10 figs.

  8. Dose Reduction Techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WAGGONER, L.O.

    2000-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    As radiation safety specialists, one of the things we are required to do is evaluate tools, equipment, materials and work practices and decide whether the use of these products or work practices will reduce radiation dose or risk to the environment. There is a tendency for many workers that work with radioactive material to accomplish radiological work the same way they have always done it rather than look for new technology or change their work practices. New technology is being developed all the time that can make radiological work easier and result in less radiation dose to the worker or reduce the possibility that contamination will be spread to the environment. As we discuss the various tools and techniques that reduce radiation dose, keep in mind that the radiological controls should be reasonable. We can not always get the dose to zero, so we must try to accomplish the work efficiently and cost-effectively. There are times we may have to accept there is only so much you can do. The goal is to do the smart things that protect the worker but do not hinder him while the task is being accomplished. In addition, we should not demand that large amounts of money be spent for equipment that has marginal value in order to save a few millirem. We have broken the handout into sections that should simplify the presentation. Time, distance, shielding, and source reduction are methods used to reduce dose and are covered in Part I on work execution. We then look at operational considerations, radiological design parameters, and discuss the characteristics of personnel who deal with ALARA. This handout should give you an overview of what it takes to have an effective dose reduction program.

  9. Exposure Levels for Chemical Threat Compounds; Information to Facilitate Chemical Incident Response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hauschild, Veronique [U.S. Army Public Health Command] [U.S. Army Public Health Command; Watson, Annetta Paule [ORNL] [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exposure Standards, Limits and Guidelines for Chemical Threat Compunds ABSTRACT Exposure criteria for chemical warfare (CW) agents and certain toxic industrial chemicals (TICs) used as CW agents (such as chlorine fill in an improvised explosive device) have been developed for protection of the civilian general public, civilian employees in chemical agent processing facilities and deployed military populations. In addition, compound-specific concentrations have been developed to serve as how clean is clean enough clearance criteria guiding facility recovery following chemical terrorist or other hazardous release events. Such criteria are also useful to verify compound absence, identify containment boundaries and expedite facility recovery following chemical threat release. There is no single right value or concentration appropriate for all chemical hazard control applications. It is acknowledged that locating and comparing the many sources of CW agent and TIC exposure criteria has not been previously well-defined. This paper summarizes many of these estimates and assembles critical documentation regarding their derivation and use.

  10. Backscatter from the Data Plane --- Threats to Stability and Security in Information-Centric Networking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vahlenkamp, Matthias Wählisch Thomas C Schmidt Markus

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Information-centric networking approaches attract much attention in the ongoing search for a future communication paradigm of the Internet. Replacing the host-to-host connectivity by a data-oriented publish/subscribe service eases content distribution and authentication by concept, while eliminating all threats from unwanted traffic. However, current proposals to content routing heavily rely on data-driven protocol events and thereby introduce a strong coupling of the control to the data plane in the underlying routing infrastructure. In this paper, we analyze in theory and practical experiments threats to the stability and performance of the content distribution system. We discuss new attack vectors present in its current state of development, as well as possibilities and limitations to mitigate them.

  11. Review of July 2013 Nuclear Security Insider Threat Exercise November 2013

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pederson, Ann C. [ORNL] [ORNL; Snow, Catherine L. [ORNL] [ORNL; Townsend, Jeremy [ORNL] [ORNL; Shannon, Michael [ORNL] [ORNL

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is a review of the Nuclear Security Insider Threat Exercise which was hosted at ORNL in July 2013. Nuclear security culture and the insider threat are best learned through experience. Culture is inherently difficult to teach, and as such is best learned through modeled behaviors and learning exercise. This TTX, NSITE, is a tool that strives to aid students in learning what an effective (and ineffective) nuclear security culture might look like by simulating dynamic events that strengthen or weaken the nuclear security regime. The goals of NSITE are to stimulate complex thought and discussion and assist decision makers and management in determining the most effective policies and procedures for their country or facility.

  12. Chapter citation (as of Dec., 2012): Barber, S. J., & Mather, M. (in press). Stereotype threat in older adults: When and why

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mather, Mara

    Chapter citation (as of Dec., 2012): Barber, S. J., & Mather, M. (in press). Stereotype threat threat in older adults: When and why does it occur and who is most affected? Author Names: Sarah J: barbersa@usc.edu Abstract: Stereotype threat occurs when people fear that poor performance on their part

  13. The threat of terrorism in our homeland became horrifically real on September 11, 2001. The shock was felt at home and around the world. The subsequent response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;Preface The threat of terrorism in our homeland became horrifically real on September 11, 2001. The shock was felt at home and around the world. The subsequent response to this threat has taken many forms, and respond to threats. The US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) chartered the National Visu- alization

  14. The City University of New York Medical Withdrawal and Re-entry Policy and Procedures Governing Student Behavior that Presents a Direct Threat of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Weigang

    Student Behavior that Presents a Direct Threat of Harm to Self or Others or Substantially Disrupts of a medical condition, engage in behavior that presents a direct threat of harm to themselves or to others 911 or taking other immediate action in case of imminent threat to life or limb. In addition to taking

  15. Threat Assessment Design for Driver Assistance System at Intersections Georges S. Aoude, Brandon D. Luders, Kenneth K. H. Lee, Daniel S. Levine, and Jonathan P. How

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    How, Jonathan P.

    Threat Assessment Design for Driver Assistance System at Intersections Georges S. Aoude, Brandon D, potentially errant, drivers. Our approach relies on a novel threat assessment module, which combines an intention predictor based on support vector machines with an efficient threat assessor using rapidly

  16. Before the deluge? Assessing the threat of nuclear leakage from the post-Soviet states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Potter, W.C.

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most nuclear security problems are linked to the Russian Federation and the region`s troubled economic, political and social conditions. They are unlikely to be resolved without substantial progress in stabilizing the economy and renewing public trust in government institutions. The author makes a risk assessment of the threat and cites specific cases of theft and diversion of fissile materials and the need for action to control this activity. 17 refs.

  17. Large Wind Property Tax Reduction

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2001, North Dakota established property tax reductions for commercial wind turbines constructed before 2011. Originally, the law reduced the taxable value of centrally-assessed* wind turbines...

  18. Hydrogen Compression, Storage, and Dispensing Cost Reduction...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Compression, Storage, and Dispensing Cost Reduction Workshop Addendum Hydrogen Compression, Storage, and Dispensing Cost Reduction Workshop Addendum Document states additional...

  19. Contiguous Platinum Monolayer Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Contiguous Platinum Monolayer Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts on High-Stability-Low-Cost Supports Contiguous Platinum Monolayer Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts on...

  20. Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility ...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility (WCRRF) Waste Characterization Glovebox Operations Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility (WCRRF)...

  1. 1. Dumont, Grard-Franois, La France et l'Iran : des nations si lointaines et si proches , Gostratgiques, n 10,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1. Dumont, Gérard-François, « La France et l'Iran : des nations si lointaines et si proches Arménie �mirats ar. unis Turkménistan Azerbaïdjan Arabie saoudite Irak Afghanistan Iran 71,2 69,2 31,9 31

  2. A Statistical Model for Generating a Population of Unclassified Objects and Radiation Signatures Spanning Nuclear Threats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, K; Sokkappa, P

    2008-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes an approach for generating a simulated population of plausible nuclear threat radiation signatures spanning a range of variability that could be encountered by radiation detection systems. In this approach, we develop a statistical model for generating random instances of smuggled nuclear material. The model is based on physics principles and bounding cases rather than on intelligence information or actual threat device designs. For this initial stage of work, we focus on random models using fissile material and do not address scenarios using non-fissile materials. The model has several uses. It may be used as a component in a radiation detection system performance simulation to generate threat samples for injection studies. It may also be used to generate a threat population to be used for training classification algorithms. In addition, we intend to use this model to generate an unclassified 'benchmark' threat population that can be openly shared with other organizations, including vendors, for use in radiation detection systems performance studies and algorithm development and evaluation activities. We assume that a quantity of fissile material is being smuggled into the country for final assembly and that shielding may have been placed around the fissile material. In terms of radiation signature, a nuclear weapon is basically a quantity of fissile material surrounded by various layers of shielding. Thus, our model of smuggled material is expected to span the space of potential nuclear weapon signatures as well. For computational efficiency, we use a generic 1-dimensional spherical model consisting of a fissile material core surrounded by various layers of shielding. The shielding layers and their configuration are defined such that the model can represent the potential range of attenuation and scattering that might occur. The materials in each layer and the associated parameters are selected from probability distributions that span the range of possibilities. Once an object is generated, its radiation signature is calculated using a 1-dimensional deterministic transport code. Objects that do not make sense based on physics principles or other constraints are rejected. Thus, the model can be used to generate a population of spectral signatures that spans a large space, including smuggled nuclear material and nuclear weapons.

  3. Ultrasonic, Non-Invasive Classification/Discrimination of Liquid Explosives (LEs) and Threat Liquids from Non-Threat Liquids in Sealed Containers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diaz, Aaron A.; Cinson, Anthony D.; Tucker, Brian J.; Samuel, Todd J.; Morales, Romarie

    2009-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Government agencies and homeland security organizations are searching for more effective approaches for dealing with the increasing demand for inspections involving potential threat liquids and hazardous chemicals, including liquid explosives (LEs). The quantity and variability of hand-held and cargo-sized containers being shipped worldwide drives the need for rapid and effective ways for conducting non-intrusive inspections of liquid-filled containers of a diverse range of types, shapes and sizes. Such inspections need to quickly classify/discriminate between liquids within containers and also ascertain the presence of unexpected objects within a container. The science base, methodology and prototype device for classification/discrimination between classes of liquids has been developed. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has developed a methodology and prototype device for classification/discrimination of a wide variety of liquids (including threat liquids and their precursors), providing noninvasive liquid classification/discrimination capabilities using a nondestructive ultrasonic measurement approach for inspecting sealed containers. The Container Screening Device (CSD) employs frequency-modulated (FM) chirp excitation and pulse-compression signal processing techniques to measure ultrasonic velocity and a relative attenuation value for liquids within a container, and is capable of determining other acoustic properties from through-transmission, contact measurements over a wide frequency range. Recent algorithm developments are beginning to address the issues of container wall variations and thickness. A description of the basic science, measurement approach and sources of variability in the measurement will be presented and laboratory measurements acquired from a suite of commercial products and precursor liquids used in the manufacturing of Homemade Explosives (HMEs) will be given.

  4. Environmental Sustainability Paper Usage / Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;carbon footprint and develop carbon reduction projects around IT and staff/student behaviour change is supported by the Environmental Sustainability Manager and is seen as a key link to the University's Carbon Management Programme (e.g. to produce a forecast of carbon reductions as required by the Carbon Trust

  5. Comprehensive Poverty Reduction Strategies in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peak, Derek

    Comprehensive Poverty Reduction Strategies in Canada: Policy or Window Dressing? Charles Plante, Upstream: Institute for a Healthy Society #12;Overview What is poverty? Current state of poverty in Saskatchewan What is a Comprehensive Poverty Reduction Strategy (CPRS)? Are CPRS effective at reducing

  6. Student attitudes toward the threat of nuclear war: Friends as influential reference persons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marasch, M.J.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A renewed interest in research into the psychology of the threat of nuclear war occurred in the past decade as national attention focused increasingly on the arms race between the US and the USSR. Some of this research began the task of exploring the social influences upon attitudes and responses to the nuclear threat. Research on friends as potential influences upon nuclear attitudes was minimal. The present study investigated the role of college friends as potential reference persons in the formation of nuclear attitudes. A battery of questionnaires addressing various nuclear war and non-nuclear war attitudes was completed by 200 student-friend dyads from introductory psychology and sociology courses at the University of North Dakota. Three hypotheses were presented in this study. One hypothesis was that students would perceive their friends as having similar attitudes toward the threat of nuclear war. A second hypothesis was that the actual attitudes between pairs of students and friends would be similar. The third hypothesis was that the attitudes would have become more similar over the course of the development of the friendship (as measured retrospectively). The first hypothesis was borne out by the data. The second and third hypotheses were not supported. There are several implications of the findings. One implication is that the nuclear issue may not be as salient to college students as other, more immediate, issues. Another implication is that a relative lack of communication between college students on political issues precludes more effective mutual influence upon the development and change of such attitudes. A false consensus bias appeared to be operative when the students perceived that their attitudes were similar. Further discussion is presented in regard to past and future psychological research upon nuclear war attitudes.

  7. Nevada State Energy Reduction Plan

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As mandated by the Nevada statutes, the Nevada Energy Office prepared a state energy reduction plan which requires state agencies, departments, and other entities in the Executive Branch to reduce...

  8. NOx Reduction through Efficiency Gain 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benz, R.; Thompson, R.; Staedter, M.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with a novel control design to deliver a comprehensive boiler controls retrofit that provides reductions in emissions as well as substantial cost savings. Combining mechanical engineering expertise with substantial experience in control engineering...

  9. Economics of Steam Pressure Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sylva, D. M.

    Economics of Steam Pressure Reduction is a technical paper that addresses the operating and economic advantages associated with the program to lower the steam operating pressure. Evaluation of a testing program will be discussed. The paper...

  10. Bifunctional Catalysts for the Selective Catalytic Reduction...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    as Reductants Bifunctional Catalysts for the Selective Catalytic Reduction of NO by Hydrocarbons Development of Optimal Catalyst Designs and Operating Strategies for Lean NOx...

  11. Bifunctional Catalysts for the Selective Catalytic Reduction...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Publications Bifunctional Catalysts for the Selective Catalytic Reduction of NO by Hydrocarbons Selectlive Catalytic Reducution of NOx wilth Diesel-Based Fuels as Reductants...

  12. Facile and controllable electrochemical reduction of graphene...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and controllable electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide and its applications. Facile and controllable electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide and its applications....

  13. Characterizing Test Methods and Emissions Reduction Performance...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Test Methods and Emissions Reduction Performance of In-Use Diesel Retrofit Technologies from the National Clean Diesel Campaign Characterizing Test Methods and Emissions Reduction...

  14. Plasma-assisted catalytic reduction system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vogtlin, G.E.; Merritt, B.T.; Hsiao, M.C.; Wallman, P.H.; Penetrante, B.M.

    1998-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Non-thermal plasma gas treatment is combined with selective catalytic reduction to enhance NO{sub x} reduction in oxygen-rich vehicle engine exhausts. 8 figs.

  15. Electrocatalytic Reactivity for Oxygen Reduction of Palladium...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reactivity for Oxygen Reduction of Palladium-Modified Carbon Nanotubes Synthesized in Supercritical Fluid. Electrocatalytic Reactivity for Oxygen Reduction of Palladium-Modified...

  16. Sequential high temperature reduction, low temperature hydrolysis...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    high temperature reduction, low temperature hydrolysis for the regeneration of sulfated NOx trap catalysts. Sequential high temperature reduction, low temperature hydrolysis for...

  17. Demonstrating Fuel Consumption and Emissions Reductions with...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fuel Consumption and Emissions Reductions with Next Generation Model-Based Diesel Engine Control Demonstrating Fuel Consumption and Emissions Reductions with Next Generation...

  18. Microbial reduction of iron ore

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hoffmann, Michael R. (Pasadena, CA); Arnold, Robert G. (Pasadena, CA); Stephanopoulos, Gregory (Pasadena, CA)

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A process is provided for reducing iron ore by treatment with microorganisms which comprises forming an aqueous mixture of iron ore, microorganisms operable for reducing the ferric iron of the iron ore to ferrous iron, and a substrate operable as an energy source for the microbial reduction; and maintaining the aqueous mixture for a period of time and under conditions operable to effect the reduction of the ore. Preferably the microorganism is Pseudomonas sp. 200 and the reduction conducted anaerobically with a domestic wastewater as the substrate. An aqueous solution containing soluble ferrous iron can be separated from the reacted mixture, treated with a base to precipitate ferrous hydroxide which can then be recovered as a concentrated slurry.

  19. Microbial reduction of iron ore

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hoffmann, M.R.; Arnold, R.G.; Stephanopoulos, G.

    1989-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A process is provided for reducing iron ore by treatment with microorganisms which comprises forming an aqueous mixture of iron ore, microorganisms operable for reducing the ferric iron of the iron ore to ferrous iron, and a substrate operable as an energy source for the microbial reduction; and maintaining the aqueous mixture for a period of time and under conditions operable to effect the reduction of the ore. Preferably the microorganism is Pseudomonas sp. 200 and the reduction conducted anaerobically with a domestic wastewater as the substrate. An aqueous solution containing soluble ferrous iron can be separated from the reacted mixture, treated with a base to precipitate ferrous hydroxide which can then be recovered as a concentrated slurry. 11 figs.

  20. “If your vagina could speak, what would it say?”: Dangerous Femininity, Anxious Masculinity and the Threat of Female Desire in the 1975 Pornographic Movie "The Sex that Speaks"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garrigou-Kempton, Emilie

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    speak, what would it say? ” Dangerous Femininity, Anxiouslies the threat of a dangerous feminine sexuality that needsthat women’s desire is dangerous without the implementation

  1. Geospatiotemporal Data Mining in an Early Warning System for Forest Threats in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffman, Forrest M [ORNL; Mills, Richard T [ORNL; Kumar, Jitendra [ORNL; Vulli, Srinivasa S [ORNL; HargroveJr., William Walter [United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), United States Forest Service (USFS)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the potential of geospatiotemporal data mining of multi-year land surface phenology data (250~m Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) values derived from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) in this study) for the conterminous United States as part of an early warning system to identify threats to forest ecosystems. Cluster analysis of this massive data set, using high-performance computing, provides a basis for several possible approaches to defining the bounds of ``normal'' phenological patterns, indicating healthy vegetation in a given geographic location. We demonstrate the applicability of such an approach, using it to identify areas in Colorado, USA, where an ongoing mountain pine beetle outbreak has caused significant tree mortality.

  2. Combining Radiography and Passive Measurements for Radiological Threat Detection in Cargo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Erin A.; White, Timothy A.; Jarman, Kenneth D.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Kulisek, Jonathan A.; Robinson, Sean M.; Scherrer, Charles; Wittman, Richard S.

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract Radiography is widely understood to provide information complimentary to passive detection: while not directly sensitive to radiological materials, radiography can reveal highly shielded regions which may mask a passive radiological signal. We present a method for combining radiographic and passive data which uses the radiograph to provide an estimate of scatter and attenuation for possible sources. This approach allows quantitative use of radiographic images without relying on image interpretation, and results in a probabilistic description of likely source locations and strengths. We present first results for this method for a simple modeled test case of a cargo container driving through a PVT portal. With this inversion approach, we address criteria for an integrated passive and radiographic screening system and how detection of SNM threats might be improved in such a system.

  3. Does nitrate deposition following astrophysical ionizing radiation events pose an additional threat to amphibians?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brian C. Thomas; Michelle D. Honeyman

    2008-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    It is known that amphibians are especially susceptible to the combination of heightened UVB radiation and increased nitrate concentrations. Various astrophysical events have been suggested as sources of ionizing radiation that could pose a threat to life on Earth, through destruction of the ozone layer and subsequent increase in UVB, followed by deposition of nitrate. In this study, we investigate whether the nitrate deposition following an ionizing event is sufficiently large to cause an additional stress beyond that of the heightened UVB previously considered. We have converted predicted nitrate depositions to concentration values, utilizing data from the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Acid Rain Monitoring Network web site. Our results show that the increase in nitrate concentration in bodies of water following the most intense ionization event likely in the last billion years would not be sufficient to cause a serious additional stress on amphibian populations and may actually provide some benefit by acting as fertilizer.

  4. Low-Altitude Airbursts and the Impact Threat - Final LDRD Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boslough, Mark B.; Crawford, David A.

    2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this nine-week project was to advance the understanding of low-altitude airbursts by developing the means to model them at extremely high resolution in order to span the scales of entry physics as well as blast wave and plume formation. Small asteroid impacts on Earth are a recognized hazard, but the full nature of the threat is still not well understood. We used shock physics codes to discover emergent phenomena associated with low-altitude airbursts such as the Siberian Tunguska event of 1908 and the Egyptian glass-forming event 29 million years ago. The planetary defense community is beginning to recognize the significant threat from such airbursts. Low-altitude airbursts are the only class of impacts that have a significant probability of occurring within a planning time horizon. There is roughly a 10% chance of a megaton-scale low-altitude airburst event in the next decade.The first part of this LDRD final project report is a preprint of our proceedings paper associated with the plenary presentation at the Hypervelocity Impact Society 2007 Symposium in Williamsburg, Virginia (International Journal of Impact Engineering, in press). The paper summarizes discoveries associated with a series of 2D axially-symmetric CTH simulations. The second part of the report contains slides from an invited presentation at the American Geophysical Union Fall 2007 meeting in San Francisco. The presentation summarizes the results of a series of 3D oblique impact simulations of the 1908 Tunguska explosion. Because of the brevity of this late-start project, the 3D results have not yet been written up for a peer-reviewed publication. We anticipate the opportunity to eventually run simulations that include the actual topography at Tunguska, at which time these results will be published.3

  5. Beta Reduction Constraints Manuel Bodirsky Katrin Erk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Beta Reduction Constraints Manuel Bodirsky Katrin Erk Alexander Koller Joachim Niehren Programming partially. In this paper, we introduce beta reduction constraints to describe beta reduction steps between partially known lambda terms. We show that beta reduction constraints can be expressed in an extension

  6. Lead reduction in ambient air

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, R.D.; Kiehn, O.A.; Wilburn, D.R.; Bowyer, R.C.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Bureau of Mines evaluated the emission control methods, including the capital investments and operating cost, necessary for further reducing lead levels in ambient air at the Glover, Herculaneum, and Buick smelter-refineries in Missouri and the East Helena, MT, smelter. This report presents theoretically achievable lead emission reductions and estimated capital and operating costs.

  7. Dynamic reduction, Version 1. 0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rogers, G.J.; Wong, D.Y.; Ottevangers, J.; Wang, L. (Ontario Hydro, Toronto, ON (Canada))

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the theoretical background of the EPRI Dynamic Reduction DYNRED V 1.0. EPRI initiated research under project RP763 to develop the original reduction program DYNEQU. This program was the first to be based on the concept of aggregating of coherent groups of synchronous generators into a single equivalent generator model. While technically advanced, DYNEQU proved difficult to use. Since then, the stability problems encountered in power system planning and operations have changed. The emphasis on first swing transient stability has been replaced by emphasis on inter-area oscillations and voltage stability. The method of identification of coherent generators used in DYNEQU is based on the comparison of rotor angle swings, in a linearized system model, following a fault. It has been shown that this method of coherency identification is good for first swing stability. For inter-area oscillation studies, this method of generator aggregation is less accurate. Far better, are identification methods based on the structure of the power system. Because of these changes in the requirements for reduced order power system models, a new dynamic reduction program (DYNRED) has been developed under EPRI project RP2447-1. It is coherency based, as is DYNEQU, but it has structurally based coherency identification methods in addition to the method used in DYNEQU. This report describes the techniques used in DYNRED, that is: Coherency Identification; Network Reduction; Method of Aggregation, Generator Aggregation, Excitation Aggregation, Primemover/Governor Aggregation. An example of the application of DYNRED to the reduction of a large interconnected power system model is also presented. DYNRED uses the special modeling and network solution techniques developed to enable systems having up to 12,000 bus to be studied. Dynamic data is completely compatible between MASS, PEALS, and the EPRI Extended Transient Midterm Stability Program (ETMSP).

  8. Study on radon and radium concentrations in drinking water in west region of Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forozani, Ghasem

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most important characterizations of social health is existence the availability of safe drinking water. Since one of the sources of water contamination is nuclear contamination from radon gas, so in this research radon 222 concentration levels in water supplies in the Toyserkan (a region located in the west of Iran) is investigated. For measuring radon gas in water wells and springs Lucas chamber method is used. Review the results of these measurements that taken from 15th place show that, only five sites have radon concentrations above the limit dose. To reduce radon concentration, it is better to keep water in open pools in contact with air before the water is delivered to users.

  9. Abstract--We identify the security threats facing a sensor network for wireless medical monitoring, and we propose a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Lan

    1 Abstract--We identify the security threats facing a sensor network for wireless medical of medical sensors that convey information on his or her vital signs to a bedside monitoring device. However mobility, especially for long-term care. Recent advances in sensor technology have enabled the development

  10. CYBER THREAT ANALYSIS A KEY ENABLING TECHNOLOGY FOR THE OBJECTIVE FORCE (A CASE STUDY IN NETWORK INTRUSION DETECTION)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Vipin

    60000 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 Today computers control power, oil and gas deliveryCYBER THREAT ANALYSIS ­ A KEY ENABLING TECHNOLOGY FOR THE OBJECTIVE FORCE (A CASE STUDY IN NETWORK-of-systems technologies will enable decisive maneuver, both horizon- tal and vertical, during day and night, and in all

  11. Modest carbon price could save Borneo forests: study Reuters, 4 June 2009 -Tropical forests in Borneo under threat of conversion to palm oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Borneo under threat of conversion to palm oil plantations could be more profitable left standing threat of being converted to oil palm plantations. "They are not meant to be clearing forest for palm oil development. It's pretty clear that forests are being felled for oil palm," said Venter, a conservation

  12. Stable reduction product of misonidazole

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Panicucci, R.; McClelland, R.A.; Rauth, A.M.

    1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The predominant stable product (greater than 80%) of the anaerobic radiation chemical reduction (pH 7, formate, N/sub 2/O) of misonidazole (MISO) has been identified as the cyclic guanidinium ion MISO-DDI, a 4,5-dihydro-4,5-dihydroxyimidazolium ion. This cation was prepared as its sulfate salt by the reaction of glyoxal and the appropriate N-substituted guanidinium sulfate. Its formation during MISO reduction was established by NMR spectral comparison and by derivatization as glyoxal bis-oxime, which was formed in 86% yield in fully reduced systems. The toxicity of pure MISO-DDI X sulfate was examined in vivo (C/sub 3/H mice) and in vitro (CHO cells). This product is less toxic than the parent MISO and free glyoxal. A reactive, short-lived, intermediate is suggested as the agent responsible for the toxicity of MISO under hypoxic conditions.

  13. Emissions Reduction Impact of Renewables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Yazdani, B.; Culp, C.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    p. 1 Energy Systems Laboratory ? 2012 EMISSIONS REDUCTION IMPACT OF RENEWABLES October 2012 Jeff Haberl, Bahman Yazdani, Charles Culp Energy Systems Laboratory Texas A&M University p. 2 Energy Systems Laboratory ? 2012... Do TCEQ: Vince Meiller, Bob Gifford ERCOT: Warren Lasher USEPA: Art Diem, Julie Rosenberg ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS p. 3 Energy Systems Laboratory ? 2012 RENEWABLES Solar PV Solar Thermal Hydro Biomass Landfill Gas Geothermal p. 4...

  14. Emissions Reduction Impact of Renewables 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Yazdani, B.; Culp, C.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems Laboratory ? 2012 p. 9 Energy Systems Laboratory ? 2012 p. 10 Energy Systems Laboratory ? 2012 WIND PROJECTS IN TEXAS Completed, Announced, and Retired Wind Projects in Texas, as of December 2011 p. 11 Energy Systems Laboratory ? 2012... Laboratory ? 2012 p. 24 Energy Systems Laboratory ? 2012 p. 25 Energy Systems Laboratory ? 2012 NOx REDUCTIONS FROM WIND POWER New 2010 Annual eGrid for NOx Emissions West Zone North Zone Houston Zone South Zone Unit: lbs of NOx/MWh Unit: lbs...

  15. Achieving competitive excellence in nuclear energy: The threat of proliferation; the challenge of inertial confinement fusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nuckolls, J.H.

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear energy will have an expanding role in meeting the twenty-first-century challenges of population and economic growth, energy demand, and global warming. These great challenges are non-linearly coupled and incompletely understood. In the complex global system, achieving competitive excellence for nuclear energy is a multi-dimensional challenge. The growth of nuclear energy will be driven by its margin of economic advantage, as well as by threats to energy security and by growing evidence of global warming. At the same time, the deployment of nuclear energy will be inhibited by concerns about nuclear weapons proliferation, nuclear waste and nuclear reactor safety. These drivers and inhibitors are coupled: for example, in the foreseeable future, proliferation in the Middle East may undermine energy security and increase demand for nuclear energy. The Department of Energy`s nuclear weapons laboratories are addressing many of these challenges, including nuclear weapons builddown and nonproliferation, nuclear waste storage and burnup, reactor safety and fuel enrichment, global warming, and the long-range development of fusion energy. Today I will focus on two major program areas at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL): the proliferation of nuclear weapons and the development of inertial confinement fusion (ICF) energy.

  16. Psychosocial Modeling of Insider Threat Risk Based on Behavioral and Word Use Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Kangas, Lars J.; Noonan, Christine F.; Brown, Christopher R.; Ferryman, Thomas A.

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In many insider crimes, managers and other coworkers observed that the offenders had exhibited signs of stress, disgruntlement, or other issues, but no alarms were raised. Barriers to using such psychosocial indicators include the inability to recognize the signs and the failure to record the behaviors so that they can be assessed. A psychosocial model was developed to assess an employee’s behavior associated with an increased risk of insider abuse. The model is based on case studies and research literature on factors/correlates associated with precursor behavioral manifestations of individuals committing insider crimes. A complementary Personality Factor modeling approach was developed based on analysis to derive relevant personality characteristics from word use. Several implementations of the psychosocial model were evaluated by comparing their agreement with judgments of human resources and management professionals; the personality factor modeling approach was examined using email samples. If implemented in an operational setting, these models should be part of a set of management tools for employee assessment to identify employees who pose a greater insider threat.

  17. Threat of a sinkhole: A reevaluation of Cavern 4, Bayou Choctaw salt dome, Louisiana

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neal, J.T.; Todd, J.L.; Linn, J.K. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Magorian, T.R. [Magorian (Thomas R.), Amherst, NY (United States)

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cavern Lake at Bayou Choctaw salt dome resulted from the failure of Cavern 7 in 1954. Uncontrolled solutioning of this cavern through the thin caprock had set the stage for overburden to collapse into the cavern below. A similar situation developed with nearby Cavern 4, but with less dissolutioning of the caprock. Because pressure loss was already a problem and because another 800 ft diameter lake would have endangered surface operations, solutioning of Cavern 4 was stopped and the cavern abandoned in 1957 in order to protect the already-small site. In 1978 the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) acquired a number of caverns at Bayou Choctaw, including Cavern 4, and the possible repeat of the Cavern 7 failure and formation of another lake thus became an issue. The cavern dimensions were re-sonared in 1980 for comparison with 1963 and 1977 surveys. Annual surface leveling between 1982--1992 showed less subsidence occurring than the site average, and a cavern monitoring system, installed in 1984, has revealed no anomalous motion. Repeat sonar surveys in 1992 showed very little, if any, change occurred since 1980 although a small amount of uncertainty exists as a result of changing sonar techniques. We conclude that significant additional solutioning or erosion of the caprock has not occurred and that there is no increased threat to SPR operations.

  18. Identifying at-risk employees: A behavioral model for predicting potential insider threats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Kangas, Lars J.; Noonan, Christine F.; Dalton, Angela C.

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A psychosocial model was developed to assess an employee’s behavior associated with an increased risk of insider abuse. The model is based on case studies and research literature on factors/correlates associated with precursor behavioral manifestations of individuals committing insider crimes. In many of these crimes, managers and other coworkers observed that the offenders had exhibited signs of stress, disgruntlement, or other issues, but no alarms were raised. Barriers to using such psychosocial indicators include the inability to recognize the signs and the failure to record the behaviors so that they could be assessed by a person experienced in psychosocial evaluations. We have developed a model using a Bayesian belief network with the help of human resources staff, experienced in evaluating behaviors in staff. We conducted an experiment to assess its agreement with human resources and management professionals, with positive results. If implemented in an operational setting, the model would be part of a set of management tools for employee assessment that can raise an alarm about employees who pose higher insider threat risks. In separate work, we combine this psychosocial model’s assessment with computer workstation behavior to raise the efficacy of recognizing an insider crime in the making.

  19. "Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity and Poverty Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    "Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity and Poverty Reduction: Is conservation the answer?" Paul van for the foreseeable future. #12;John Beddington's "Perfect Storm" Population Increase Poverty Reduction Food Security Globalisation Climate Change Health Water Security Poverty Alleviation Finance Urbanisation Population Energy

  20. Ozone Reductions using Residential Building Envelopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ozone Reductions using Residential Building Envelopes I.S. Walker, M.H. Sherman and W.W. Nazaroff or adequacy of the information in this report. #12;Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor Ozone Reductions Using

  1. Electricity Generation and Emissions Reduction Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electricity Generation and Emissions Reduction Decisions under Policy Uncertainty: A General analysis, and public education in global environmental change. It seeks to provide leadership;1 Electricity Generation and Emissions Reduction Decisions under Policy Uncertainty: A General Equilibrium

  2. Bioaugmentation for Reduction of Diffuse Pesticide Contamination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bioaugmentation for Reduction of Diffuse Pesticide Contamination A Bioprophylactic Concept Karin/Repro, Uppsala 2013 #12;Bioaugmentation for Reduction of Diffuse Pesticide Contamination. A Bioprophylactic Concept. Abstract Pesticides and their residues frequently contaminate surface waters and groundwater so

  3. Extracellular Reduction of Hexavalent Chromium by Cytochromes...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reduction of Hexavalent Chromium by Cytochromes MtrC and OmcA of Shewanella oneidensis MR-1. Extracellular Reduction of Hexavalent Chromium by Cytochromes MtrC and OmcA of...

  4. Carbon Dioxide Reduction Through Urban Forestry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    . Retrieval Terms: urban forestry, carbon dioxide, sequestration, avoided energy The Authors E. Gregory McCarbon Dioxide Reduction Through Urban Forestry: Guidelines for Professional and Volunteer Tree; Simpson, James R. 1999. Carbon dioxide reduction through urban forestry

  5. A Compressed Air Reduction Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawks, K. D.

    A COMPRESSED AIR REDUCTION PROGRAM K. Dwight Hawks General Motors Corporation - Ruick-Oldsmobi1e-Cadillac Group Warren, Michigan ABSTRACT The reascn for implementing this program was to assist the plant in Quantifying some of its leaks... in the equipme~t throuqhout the plant and to provide direction as to which leaks are yenerat~ng high uti 1ity costs. The direction is very beneficial in lIlaking maintenance aware of prolill,Pls within equipment .IS \\Iell as notifying them as to whf're thei...

  6. Relative trajectory data reduction analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, Kenneth William

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    REDATIVE TRAJECTORY DATA RFDUCTION ANA1. YS1S A Thesis KENNE'Ill Vi. GRANT Subrnitl ed to the Gratluate College of 'J exas ASM University in pa) &ial full'illment of the reouir ament for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1969 Major... Trajectory Data Reduction Analysis. (August 1969) Kenneth W. Grant, B. A. , University of California at Riverside Directed by: Dr. Rudolph Freund Knowledge of missile/drone intercept parameters is extremely important in the analysis of ordnance system...

  7. A Comparison Between Model Reduction and Controller Reduction: Application to a PWR Nuclear Planty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gevers, Michel

    A Comparison Between Model Reduction and Controller Reduction: Application to a PWR Nuclear Planty model reduction with controller reduction for the same PWR system. We show that closed-loop techniques to the design of a low-order con- troller for a realistic model of order 42 of a Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR

  8. GRiP - A flexible approach for calculating risk as a function of consequence, vulnerability, and threat.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whitfield, R. G.; Buehring, W. A.; Bassett, G. W. (Decision and Information Sciences)

    2011-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Get a GRiP (Gravitational Risk Procedure) on risk by using an approach inspired by the physics of gravitational forces between body masses! In April 2010, U.S. Department of Homeland Security Special Events staff (Protective Security Advisors [PSAs]) expressed concern about how to calculate risk given measures of consequence, vulnerability, and threat. The PSAs believed that it is not 'right' to assign zero risk, as a multiplicative formula would imply, to cases in which the threat is reported to be extremely small, and perhaps could even be assigned a value of zero, but for which consequences and vulnerability are potentially high. They needed a different way to aggregate the components into an overall measure of risk. To address these concerns, GRiP was proposed and developed. The inspiration for GRiP is Sir Isaac Newton's Universal Law of Gravitation: the attractive force between two bodies is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the squares of the distance between them. The total force on one body is the sum of the forces from 'other bodies' that influence that body. In the case of risk, the 'other bodies' are the components of risk (R): consequence, vulnerability, and threat (which we denote as C, V, and T, respectively). GRiP treats risk as if it were a body within a cube. Each vertex (corner) of the cube represents one of the eight combinations of minimum and maximum 'values' for consequence, vulnerability, and threat. The risk at each of the vertices is a variable that can be set. Naturally, maximum risk occurs when consequence, vulnerability, and threat are at their maximum values; minimum risk occurs when they are at their minimum values. Analogous to gravitational forces among body masses, the GRiP formula for risk states that the risk at any interior point of the box depends on the squares of the distances from that point to each of the eight vertices. The risk value at an interior (movable) point will be dominated by the value of one vertex as that point moves closer and closer to that one vertex. GRiP is a visualization tool that helps analysts better understand risk and its relationship to consequence, vulnerability, and threat. Estimates of consequence, vulnerability, and threat are external to GRiP; however, the GRiP approach can be linked to models or data that provide estimates of consequence, vulnerability, and threat. For example, the Enhanced Critical Infrastructure Program/Infrastructure Survey Tool produces a vulnerability index (scaled from 0 to 100) that can be used for the vulnerability component of GRiP. We recognize that the values used for risk components can be point estimates and that, in fact, there is uncertainty regarding the exact values of C, V, and T. When we use T = t{sub o} (where t{sub o} is a value of threat in its range), we mean that threat is believed to be in an interval around t{sub o}. Hence, a value of t{sub o} = 0 indicates a 'best estimate' that the threat level is equal to zero, but still allows that it is not impossible for the threat to occur. When t{sub o} = 0 but is potentially small and not exactly zero, there will be little impact on the overall risk value as long as the C and V components are not large. However, when C and/or V have large values, there can be large differences in risk given t{sub o} = 0, and t{sub o} = epsilon (where epsilon is small but greater than a value of zero). We believe this scenario explains the PSA's intuition that risk is not equal to zero when t{sub o} = 0 and C and/or V have large values. (They may also be thinking that if C has an extremely large value, it is unlikely that T is equal to 0; in the terrorist context, T would likely be dependent on C when C is extremely large.) The PSAs are implicitly recognizing the potential that t{sub o} = epsilon. One way to take this possible scenario into account is to replace point estimates for risk with interval values that reflect the uncertainty in the risk components. In fact, one could argue that T never equals zero for a man-made hazard. This

  9. Extended defense systems :I. adversary-defender modeling grammar for vulnerability analysis and threat assessment.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merkle, Peter Benedict

    2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vulnerability analysis and threat assessment require systematic treatments of adversary and defender characteristics. This work addresses the need for a formal grammar for the modeling and analysis of adversary and defender engagements of interest to the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). Analytical methods treating both linguistic and numerical information should ensure that neither aspect has disproportionate influence on assessment outcomes. The adversary-defender modeling (ADM) grammar employs classical set theory and notation. It is designed to incorporate contributions from subject matter experts in all relevant disciplines, without bias. The Attack Scenario Space U{sub S} is the set universe of all scenarios possible under physical laws. An attack scenario is a postulated event consisting of the active engagement of at least one adversary with at least one defended target. Target Information Space I{sub S} is the universe of information about targets and defenders. Adversary and defender groups are described by their respective Character super-sets, (A){sub P} and (D){sub F}. Each super-set contains six elements: Objectives, Knowledge, Veracity, Plans, Resources, and Skills. The Objectives are the desired end-state outcomes. Knowledge is comprised of empirical and theoretical a priori knowledge and emergent knowledge (learned during an attack), while Veracity is the correspondence of Knowledge with fact or outcome. Plans are ordered activity-task sequences (tuples) with logical contingencies. Resources are the a priori and opportunistic physical assets and intangible attributes applied to the execution of associated Plans elements. Skills for both adversary and defender include the assumed general and task competencies for the associated plan set, the realized value of competence in execution or exercise, and the opponent's planning assumption of the task competence.

  10. Threat of Hydride Re-orientation to Spent Fuel Integrity During Transportation Accidents: Myth or Reality?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rashid, Joe [ANATECH, 5435 Oberlin Drive, San Diego, CA 92121 (United States); Machiels, Albert [EPRI, 3420 Hillview Avenue, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The source-term study conducted by Sandia National Laboratories nearly two decades ago for the spent fuel inventory known at the time, which was in the low-to-medium burnup range ({approx}35 GWd/MTU), showed that the effects of transportation accidents on spent fuel failures, and consequential radioactivity release to the environment, were relatively benign. However, with today's discharged fuel burnups routinely greater than 45 GWd/MTU, potential hydride reorientation during interim dry storage, and its effects on cladding properties, has become one of the primary concerns for spent fuel transportation. Laboratory tests of un-irradiated cladding specimens subjected to heat treatments promoting hydride dissolution followed by re-precipitation in the radial direction have shown that relatively moderate concentrations ({approx}70 ppm) of radial hydrides can significantly degrade cladding ductility, at least at room temperature. The absence of specific data that are relevant to high-burnup spent fuel under dry storage conditions have led to the conjecture, deduced from those tests, that massive cladding failures, possibly resulting in fuel reconfiguration, can be expected during cask drop events. Such conclusions are not borne out by the findings in this paper. The analysis results indicate that cladding failure is bi-modal: a state of failure initiation at the cladding ID remaining as part-wall damage with less than 2% probability of occurrence, and a through-wall failure at a probability of 1 E-5. These results indicate that spent fuel conditions that could promote the formation of radial hydrides during dry storage are not sufficient to produce radial hydrides concentrations of significant levels to cause major threat to spent fuel integrity. It is important to note in this regard that the through-wall cladding failure probability of 1 E-5 is of the same order of magnitude as calculated in the cited Sandia study for low burnup fuel. (authors)

  11. Surface Plasmon-Driven Water Reduction: Gold Nanoparticle Size...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plasmon-Driven Water Reduction: Gold Nanoparticle Size Matters. Surface Plasmon-Driven Water Reduction: Gold Nanoparticle Size Matters. Abstract: Water reduction under two visible...

  12. Engine Friction Reduction Through Surface Finish and Coatings...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Friction Reduction Through Surface Finish and Coatings Engine Friction Reduction Through Surface Finish and Coatings Opportunities exist for friction reduction in piston rings and...

  13. Greenhouse Gas Reductions: SF6

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Anderson, Diana

    2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Argonne National Laboratory is leading the way in greenhouse gas reductions, particularly with the recapture and recycling of sulfur hexafluoride (SF6). SF6 is a gas used in industry as an anti-arcing agent. It is an extremely potent greenhouse gas ? one pound of SF6 is equivalent to 12 tons of carbon dioxide. While the U.S. does not currently regulate SF6 emissions, Argonne is proactively and voluntarily recovering and recycling to reduce SF6 emissions. Argonne saves over 16,000 tons of SF6 from being emitted into the atmosphere each year, and by recycling the gas rather than purchasing it new, we save taxpayers over $208,000 each year.

  14. Greenhouse Gas Reductions: SF6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, Diana

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Argonne National Laboratory is leading the way in greenhouse gas reductions, particularly with the recapture and recycling of sulfur hexafluoride (SF6). SF6 is a gas used in industry as an anti-arcing agent. It is an extremely potent greenhouse gas — one pound of SF6 is equivalent to 12 tons of carbon dioxide. While the U.S. does not currently regulate SF6 emissions, Argonne is proactively and voluntarily recovering and recycling to reduce SF6 emissions. Argonne saves over 16,000 tons of SF6 from being emitted into the atmosphere each year, and by recycling the gas rather than purchasing it new, we save taxpayers over $208,000 each year.

  15. PLAINS CO2 REDUCTION PARTNERSHIP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edward N. Steadman; John A. Harju; Erin M. O'Leary; James A. Sorensen; Daniel J. Daly; Melanie D. Jensen; Thea E. Reikoff

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Plains CO{sub 2} Reduction (PCOR) Partnership continues to make great progress. Task 2 (Technology Deployment) focused on developing information regarding deployment issues to support Task 5 (Modeling and Phase II Action Plans) by providing information to be used to assess CO{sub 2} sequestration opportunities in the PCOR Partnership region. Task 3 (Public Outreach) focused on developing an informational video about CO{sub 2} sequestration. Progress in Task 4 (Sources, Sinks, and Infrastructure) included the continued collection of data regarding CO{sub 2} sources and sinks and data on the performance and costs for CO{sub 2} separation, capture, treatment, and compression for pipeline transportation. Task 5 focused on screening and qualitatively assessing sequestration options. Task 5 activities also continue to be useful in structuring data collection and other activities in Tasks 2, 3, and 5.

  16. Dimensional Reduction in Quantum Gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. 't Hooft

    2009-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The requirement that physical phenomena associated with gravitational collapse should be duly reconciled with the postulates of quantum mechanics implies that at a Planckian scale our world is not 3+1 dimensional. Rather, the observable degrees of freedom can best be described as if they were Boolean variables defined on a two-dimensional lattice, evolving with time. This observation, deduced from not much more than unitarity, entropy and counting arguments, implies severe restrictions on possible models of quantum gravity. Using cellular automata as an example it is argued that this dimensional reduction implies more constraints than the freedom we have in constructing models. This is the main reason why so-far no completely consistent mathematical models of quantum black holes have been found. Essay dedicated to Abdus Salam.

  17. PLAINS CO2 REDUCTION PARTNERSHIP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edward N. Steadman; John A. Harju; Erin M. O'Leary; James A. Sorensen; Daniel J. Daly; Melanie D. Jensen; Thea E. Reikoff

    2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Plains CO{sub 2} Reduction (PCOR) Partnership continues to make great progress. Task 2 (Technology Deployment) focused on developing information regarding deployment issues to support Task 5 (Modeling and Phase II Action Plans) by providing information to be used to assess CO{sub 2} sequestration opportunities in the PCOR Partnership region. Task 3 (Public Outreach) focused on developing an informational video about CO{sub 2} sequestration. Progress in Task 4 (Sources, Sinks, and Infrastructure) included the continued collection of data regarding CO{sub 2} sources and sinks and data on the performance and costs for CO{sub 2} separation, capture, treatment, and compression for pipeline transportation. Task 5 focused on screening and qualitatively assessing sequestration options. Task 5 activities also continue to be useful in structuring data collection and other activities in Tasks 2, 3, and 5.

  18. Electrolyte treatment for aluminum reduction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brown, Craig W. (Seattle, WA); Brooks, Richard J. (Seattle, WA); Frizzle, Patrick B. (Seattle, WA); Juric, Drago D. (Bulleen, AU)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of treating an electrolyte for use in the electrolytic reduction of alumina to aluminum employing an anode and a cathode, the alumina dissolved in the electrolyte, the treating improving wetting of the cathode with molten aluminum during electrolysis. The method comprises the steps of providing a molten electrolyte comprised of ALF.sub.3 and at least one salt selected from the group consisting of NaF, KF and LiF, and treating the electrolyte by providing therein 0.004 to 0.2 wt. % of a transition metal or transition metal compound for improved wettability of the cathode with molten aluminum during subsequent electrolysis to reduce alumina to aluminum.

  19. REDUCTION CAPACITY OF SALTSTONE AND SALTSTONE COMPONENTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roberts, K.; Kaplan, D.

    2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The duration that saltstone retains its ability to immobilize some key radionuclides, such as technetium (Tc), plutonium (Pu), and neptunium (Np), depends on its capacity to maintain a low redox status (or low oxidation state). The reduction capacity is a measure of the mass of reductants present in the saltstone; the reductants are the active ingredients that immobilize Tc, Pu, and Np. Once reductants are exhausted, the saltstone loses its ability to immobilize these radionuclides. The reduction capacity values reported here are based on the Ce(IV)/Fe(II) system. The Portland cement (198 {micro}eq/g) and especially the fly ash (299 {micro}eq/g) had a measurable amount of reduction capacity, but the blast furnace slag (820 {micro}eq/g) not surprisingly accounted for most of the reduction capacity. The blast furnace slag contains ferrous iron and sulfides which are strong reducing and precipitating species for a large number of solids. Three saltstone samples containing 45% slag or one sample containing 90% slag had essentially the same reduction capacity as pure slag. There appears to be some critical concentration between 10% and 45% slag in the Saltstone formulation that is needed to create the maximum reduction capacity. Values from this work supported those previously reported, namely that the reduction capacity of SRS saltstone is about 820 {micro}eq/g; this value is recommended for estimating the longevity that the Saltstone Disposal Facility will retain its ability to immobilize radionuclides.

  20. A Qualitative Examination of the History of E-Extension (eXtension), Implementation of Moodle (A Course Management System) and Associated Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hightower, Tayla Elise

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    ) in Extension. The second part sought to identify the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) related to the use of Moodle as a Course Management System within eXtension. Interviews were conducted with five individuals knowledgeable...

  1. NOx reduction in gas turbine combustors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sung, Nak Won

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NOx REDUCTION IN GAS TURBINE COMBUSTORS A Thesis by Nak Won Sung Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fullfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1976 Major Subject: Mechanical... Engineering NOx REDUCTION IN GAS TURBINE COMBUSTORS A Thesis by Nak Won Sung Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committe (Head of Department) (Member) August 1976 "40308 (Member) 1 1. 1 ABSTRACT NOx Reduction in Gas Turbine...

  2. Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility ...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Operations, EP-WCRR-WO-DOP-0233 Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility (WCRRF) Waste Characterization Glovebox Operations, EP-WCRR-WO-DOP-0233 The documents...

  3. Plasma Assisted Catalysis System for NOx Reduction

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2 NOXTECH NOXTECH PLASMA ASSISTED CATALYSIS SYSTEM FOR NOx REDUCTION BY NOXTECH With the Support & Cooperation of DOE Noxtech, Inc. *Delaware Corporation registered to do business...

  4. CoolCab Truck Thermal Load Reduction

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    - On-board idle reduction technologies * Bergstrom battery electric AC * Airtronic diesel-fired heater * Objectives - Quantify truck cabin heat transfer - Identify potential...

  5. RMOTC to Test Oil Viscosity Reduction Technology

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    RMOTC to Test Oil Viscosity Reduction Technology The Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center (RMOTC) announces that the "Teapot Dome" oil field in Wyoming is hosting a series of...

  6. Metal Artifact Reduction in Computed Tomography /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karimi, Seemeen

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monoenergetic imaging of dual-energy CT reduces artifactsartifact reduction by dual energy computed tomography usingimage re- construction for dual energy X-ray transmission

  7. Pollution Prevention - Environmental Impact Reduction Checklists...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    provides a valuable opportunity for Federal agency NEPA309 reviewers to incorporate pollution prevention and environmental impact reduction into actions (or projects). This...

  8. PLAINS CO2 REDUCTION PARTNERSHIP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edward N. Steadman; John A. Harju; Erin M. O'Leary; James A. Sorensen; Daniel J. Daly; Melanie D. Jensen; Thea E. Reikoff

    2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Plains CO{sub 2} Reduction (PCOR) Partnership continues to make great progress. Task 2 (Technology Deployment) focused on developing information regarding deployment issues to support Task 5 (Modeling and Phase II Action Plans) and provided information to be used to assess CO{sub 2} sequestration opportunities in the PCOR Partnership region. Task 2 efforts also included preparation of a draft topical report entitled ''Deployment Issues Related to Geologic CO{sub 2} Sequestration in the PCOR Partnership Region'', which is nearing completion. Task 3 (Public Outreach) focused on developing an informational video about CO{sub 2} sequestration. The video will be completed and aired on Prairie Public Television in the next quarter. Progress in Task 4 (Sources, Sinks, and Infrastructure) included the continued collection of data regarding CO{sub 2} sources and sinks and data on the performance and costs for CO{sub 2} separation, capture, treatment, and compression for pipeline transportation. The addition of the Canadian province of Alberta to the PCOR Partnership region expanded the decision support system (DSS) geographic information system database. Task 5 screened and qualitatively assessed sequestration options. Task 5 activities also continue to be useful in structuring data collection and other activities in Tasks 2, 3, and 5.

  9. PLAINS CO2 REDUCTION PARTNERSHIP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edward N. Steadman; John A. Harju; Erin M. O'Leary; James A. Sorensen; Daniel J. Daly; Melanie D. Jensen; Lisa S. Botnen

    2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Plains CO{sub 2} Reduction (PCOR) Partnership characterization work is nearing completion, and most remaining efforts are related to finalizing work products. Task 2 (Technology Deployment) has developed a Topical Report entitled ''Deployment Issues Related to Geologic CO{sub 2} Sequestration in the PCOR Partnership Region''. Task 3 (Public Outreach) has developed an informational Public Television program entitled ''Nature in the Balance'', about CO{sub 2} sequestration. The program was completed and aired on Prairie Public Television in this quarter. Task 4 (Sources, Sinks, and Infrastructure) efforts are nearing completion, and data regarding CO{sub 2} sources and sinks and data on the performance and costs for CO{sub 2} separation, capture, treatment, and compression for pipeline transportation are being incorporated into a series of topical reports. The expansion of the Decision Support System Geographic Information System database has continued with the development of a ''save bookmark'' feature that allows users to save a map from the system easily. A feature that allows users to develop a report that summarizes CO{sub 2} sequestration parameters was also developed. Task 5 (Modeling and Phase II Action Plans) focused on screening and qualitatively assessing sequestration options and developing economic estimates for important regional CO{sub 2} sequestration strategies.

  10. NOx reduction methods and apparatuses

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tonkyn, Russell G.; Barlow, Stephan E.; Balmer, M. Lou; Maupin, Gary D.

    2004-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A NO.sub.x reduction method includes treating a first gas containing NO.sub.x, producing a second gas containing NO.sub.2, reducing a portion of the NO.sub.2 in the second gas to N.sub.2, and producing a third gas containing less NO.sub.x than the first gas, substantially all of the third gas NO.sub.x being NO. The method also includes treating the third gas, producing a fourth gas containing NO.sub.2, reducing a portion of the NO.sub.2 in the fourth gas to N.sub.2, and producing a fifth gas containing less NO.sub.x than the third gas, substantially all of the fifth gas NO.sub.x being NO. Treating the first and/or third gas can include treatment with a plasma. Reducing a portion of the NO.sub.2 in the second and/or fourth gas can include reducing with a catalyst. The method can further include controlling energy consumption of the plasmas independent of each other.

  11. Physical protection: threat response and performance goals as applied at the nuclear material inspection and storage (NMIS) building

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanford, T.H.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Only one aspect of nuclear security has been discussed here, a disciplined approach to physical protection systems (PPS) design. The best security against a multitude of threats to the nuclear industry is a dynamic and multifaceted safeguards program. It is one that combines PPS design with employee screening, reliability or behavioral observation programs, procedural control, assessment techniques, response capabilities, and security hardware. To be effective, such a program must be supported by management and applied uniformly to all personnel, including the safeguards and security staff.

  12. Steam Load Reduction Guidance Emergency Management Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    Steam Load Reduction Guidance Emergency Management Program v October 2014 Steam_Load_Reduction_Guidance_DSRDSR 1.0 PurposeandScope Utilities provides steam to the campus community for space heating, hot water in the steam distribution system or the Central Energy Plant, the preservation of building infrastructure

  13. REDUCTIONS WITHOUT REGRET: DETAILS - AVOIDING BOX CANYONS, ROACH MOTELS, AND WRONG TURNS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swegle, John A.; Tincher, Douglas J.

    2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States is concurrently pursuing the goals of reducing the size of its nuclear weapons force – strategic and non-strategic, deployed and non-deployed – and of modernizing the weapons it continues to possess. Many of the existing systems were deployed 30 to 50 years ago, and the modernization process can be expected to extend over the next decade or more. Given the impossibility of predicting the future over the lifetime of systems that could extend to the end of this century, it is essential that dead ends in force development be avoided, and the flexibility and availability of options be retained that allow for • Scalability downward in the event that further reductions are agreed upon; • Reposturing to respond to changes in threat levels and to new nuclear actors; and • Breakout response in the event that a competitor significantly increases its force size or force capability, In this paper, we examine the current motivations for reductions and modernization; review a number of historical systems and the attendant capabilities that have been eliminated in recent decades; discuss the current path forward for the U.S. nuclear force; provide a view of the evolving deterrence situation and our assessment of the uncertainties involved; and present examples of possibly problematic directions in force development. We close with our thoughts on how to maintain flexibility and the availability of options for which a need might recur in the future.

  14. Agricultural pathogen decontamination technology-reducing the threat of infectious agent spread.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Betty, Rita G.; Bieker, Jill Marie; Tucker, Mark David

    2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Outbreaks of infectious agricultural diseases, whether natural occurring or introduced intentionally, could have catastrophic impacts on the U.S. economy. Examples of such agricultural pathogens include foot and mouth disease (FMD), avian influenza (AI), citrus canker, wheat and soy rust, etc. Current approaches to mitigate the spread of agricultural pathogens include quarantine, development of vaccines for animal diseases, and development of pathogen resistant crop strains in the case of plant diseases. None of these approaches is rapid, and none address the potential persistence of the pathogen in the environment, which could lead to further spread of the agent and damage after quarantine is lifted. Pathogen spread in agricultural environments commonly occurs via transfer on agricultural equipment (transportation trailers, tractors, trucks, combines, etc.), having components made from a broad range of materials (galvanized and painted steel, rubber tires, glass and Plexiglas shields, etc), and under conditions of heavy organic load (mud, soil, feces, litter, etc). A key element of stemming the spread of an outbreak is to ensure complete inactivation of the pathogens in the agricultural environment and on the equipment used in those environments. Through the combination of enhanced agricultural pathogen decontamination chemistry and a validated inactivation verification methodology, important technologies for incorporation as components of a robust response capability will be enabled. Because of the potentially devastating economic impact that could result from the spread of infectious agricultural diseases, the proposed capability components will promote critical infrastructure protection and greater border and food supply security. We investigated and developed agricultural pathogen decontamination technologies to reduce the threat of infectious-agent spread, and thus enhance agricultural biosecurity. Specifically, enhanced detergency versions of the patented Sandia decontamination chemistry were developed and tested against a few surrogate pathogens under conditions of relatively heavy organic load. Tests were conducted on surfaces commonly found in agricultural environments. Wide spectrum decontamination efficacy, low corrosivity, and biodegradability issues were addressed in developing an enhanced detergency formulation. A method for rapid assessment of loss of pathogenic activity (inactivation) was also assessed. This enhanced technology will enable rapid assessment of contamination following an intentional event, and will also be extremely useful in routine assessment of agricultural environments. The primary effort during the second year was progress towards a demonstration of both decontamination and viral inactivation technologies of Foot and Mouth virus (FMDv) using the modified SNL chemistry developed through this project. Lab studies using a surrogate virus (bovine enterovirus) were conducted using DF200, modified DF200 chemistry, and decontaminants currently recommended for use in heavily loaded organic, agricultural environments (VirkonS, 10% bleach, sodium hydroxide and citric acid). Tests using actual FMD virus will be performed at the Department of Homeland Security's Plum Island facilities in the fall of 2005. Success and the insight gained from this project will lead to enhanced response capability, which will benefit agencies such as USDA, DHS, DOD, and the agricultural industry.

  15. REDUCTIONS WITHOUT REGRET: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swegle, J.; Tincher, D.

    2013-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the first of three papers (in addition to an introductory summary) aimed at providing a framework for evaluating future reductions or modifications of the U.S. nuclear force, first by considering previous instances in which nuclear-force capabilities were eliminated; second by looking forward into at least the foreseeable future at the features of global and regional deterrence (recognizing that new weapon systems currently projected will have expected lifetimes stretching beyond our ability to predict the future); and third by providing examples of past or possible undesirable outcomes in the shaping of the future nuclear force, as well as some closing thoughts for the future. This paper examines the circumstances and consequences of the elimination of ? The INF-range Pershing II ballistic missile and Gryphon Ground-Launched Cruise Missile (GLCM), deployed by NATO under a dual-track strategy to counter Soviet intermediate-range missiles while pursuing negotiations to limit or eliminate all of these missiles. ? The Short-Range Attack Missile (SRAM), which was actually a family of missiles including SRAM A, SRAM B (never deployed), and SRAM II and SRAM T, these last two cancelled during an over-budget/behind-schedule development phase as part of the Presidential Nuclear Initiatives of 1991 and 1992. ? The nuclear-armed version of the Tomahawk Land-Attack Cruise Missile (TLAM/N), first limited to shore-based storage by the PNIs, and finally eliminated in deliberations surrounding the 2010 Nuclear Posture Review Report. ? The Missile-X (MX), or Peacekeeper, a heavy MIRVed ICBM, deployed in fixed silos, rather than in an originally proposed mobile mode. Peacekeeper was likely intended as a bargaining chip to facilitate elimination of Russian heavy missiles. The plan failed when START II did not enter into force, and the missiles were eliminated at the end of their intended service life. ? The Small ICBM (SICBM), or Midgetman, a road-mobile, single-warhead missile for which per-unit costs were climbing when it was eliminated under the PNIs. Although there were liabilities associated with each of these systems, there were also unique capabilities; this paper lays out the pros and cons for each. Further, we articulate the capabilities that were eliminated with these systems.

  16. Suspension Hydrogen Reduction of Iron Oxide Concentrates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    H.Y. Sohn

    2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the project is to develop a new ironmaking technology based on hydrogen and fine iron oxide concentrates in a suspension reduction process. The ultimate objective of the new technology is to replace the blast furnace and to drastically reduce CO2 emissions in the steel industry. The goals of this phase of development are; the performance of detailed material and energy balances, thermochemical and equilibrium calculations for sulfur and phosphorus impurities, the determination of the complete kinetics of hydrogen reduction and bench-scale testing of the suspension reduction process using a large laboratory flash reactor.

  17. Nox reduction system utilizing pulsed hydrocarbon injection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brusasco, Raymond M. (Livermore, CA); Penetrante, Bernardino M. (San Ramon, CA); Vogtlin, George E. (Fremont, CA); Merritt, Bernard T. (Livermore, CA)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrocarbon co-reductants, such as diesel fuel, are added by pulsed injection to internal combustion engine exhaust to reduce exhaust NO.sub.x to N.sub.2 in the presence of a catalyst. Exhaust NO.sub.x reduction of at least 50% in the emissions is achieved with the addition of less than 5% fuel as a source of the hydrocarbon co-reductants. By means of pulsing the hydrocarbon flow, the amount of pulsed hydrocarbon vapor (itself a pollutant) can be minimized relative to the amount of NO.sub.x species removed.

  18. Highway noise reduction by barrier walls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, Murray F

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    's Variables 3. Noise Reduction and Noise Reduction Factor 4. Relationship Between Noise Attenuation and d 5. Rettinger's Variables 6. Relationship of Sound-Level Reduction and v 7. Basic Principles in Sound-Transmission Loss 8. The Mass Law Relationship... that the barrier wall is acoustically opaque (i. e. , impermeable to sound waves). Purcell (8) found that the noise transmission loss of a wall was a measure of the ratio of the acoustical energy transmitted through the wall to the acoustical energy incident...

  19. Energy Efficiency Interest Rate Reduction Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Alaska Housing Finance Corporation (AHFC) offers interest rate reductions to home buyers purchasing new and existing homes with 5 Star and 5 Star Plus energy ratings. All homes constructed on...

  20. Oxygen reduction on platinum : an EIS study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golfinopoulos, Theodore

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) on platinum over yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) is examined via electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) for oxygen partial pressures between 10-4 and 1 atm and at temperatures ...

  1. Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    (TSR), ABD-WFM-006, Revision 2.1 Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility (WCRRF)Technical Safety Requirements (TSR), ABD-WFM-006, Revision 2.1 The...

  2. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Act (Maryland)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Act requires the Department of the Environment to publish and update an inventory of statewide greenhouse gas emissions for calendar year 2006 and requires...

  3. INVARIANTS OF IDEALS HAVING PRINCIPAL REDUCTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-40-82T23:59:59.000Z

    The integer r denotes the reduction number of I. In defining k, we are using the ..... H1,... ,Hs ? Q such that T2 n ? T1G = F1H1 + ..... Math. J. 27 (1978), 929–934.

  4. Solid Waste Reduction, Recovery, and Recycling

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This statute expresses the strong support of the State of Wisconsin for the reduction of the amount of solid waste generated, the reuse, recycling and composting of solid waste, and resource...

  5. Sharing the Burden of GHG Reductions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacoby, Henry D.

    The G8 countries propose a goal of a 50% reduction in global emissions by 2050, in an effort that needs to take account of other agreements specifying that developing countries are to be provided with incentives to action ...

  6. Large Drag Reduction over Superhydrophobic Riblets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbier, Charlotte; D'Urso, Brian

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Riblets and superhydrophobic surfaces are two demonstrated passive drag reduction techniques. We describe a method to fabricate surfaces that combine both of these techniques in order to increase drag reduction properties. Samples have been tested with a cone-and-plate rheometer system, and have demonstrated significant drag reduction even in the transitional-turbulent regime. Direct Numerical Simulations have been performed in order to estimate the equivalent slip length at higher rotational speed. The sample with 100~$\\mu$m deep grooves has been performing very well, showing drag reduction varying from 15 to 20 $\\%$ over the whole range of flow conditions tested, and its slip length was estimated to be over 100 $\\mu$m.

  7. Reduction of metal oxides through mechanochemical processing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Froes, Francis H. (Moscow, ID); Eranezhuth, Baburaj G. (Moscow, ID); Senkov, Oleg N. (Moscow, ID)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The low temperature reduction of a metal oxide using mechanochemical processing techniques. The reduction reactions are induced mechanically by milling the reactants. In one embodiment of the invention, titanium oxide TiO.sub.2 is milled with CaH.sub.2 to produce TiH.sub.2. Low temperature heat treating, in the range of 400.degree. C. to 700.degree. C., can be used to remove the hydrogen in the titanium hydride.

  8. Voluntary Agreements for Energy Efficiency or GHG EmissionsReduction in Industry: An Assessment of Programs Around the World

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price, Lynn

    2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Voluntary agreements for energy efficiency improvement and reduction of energy-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have been a popular policy instrument for the industrial sector in industrialized countries since the 1990s. A number of these national-level voluntary agreement programs are now being modified and strengthened, while additional countries--including some recently industrialized and developing countries--are adopting these type of agreements in an effort to increase the energy efficiency of their industrial sectors.Voluntary agreement programs can be roughly divided into three broad categories: (1) programs that are completely voluntary, (2) programs that use the threat of future regulations or energy/GHG emissions taxes as a motivation for participation, and (3) programs that are implemented in conjunction with an existing energy/GHG emissions tax policy or with strict regulations. A variety of government-provided incentives as well as penalties are associated with these programs. This paper reviews 23 energy efficiency or GHG emissions reduction voluntary agreement programs in 18 countries, including countries in Europe, the U.S., Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, South Korea, and Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) and discusses preliminary lessons learned regarding program design and effectiveness. The paper notes that such agreement programs, in which companies inventory and manage their energy use and GHG emissions to meet specific reduction targets, are an essential first step towards GHG emissions trading programs.

  9. Distributed micro-releases of bioterror pathogens : threat characterizations and epidemiology from uncertain patient observables.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolf, Michael M. (University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL); Marzouk, Youssef M.; Adams, Brian M.; Devine, Karen Dragon; Ray, Jaideep; Najm, Habib N.

    2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Terrorist attacks using an aerosolized pathogen preparation have gained credibility as a national security concern since the anthrax attacks of 2001. The ability to characterize the parameters of such attacks, i.e., to estimate the number of people infected, the time of infection, the average dose received, and the rate of disease spread in contemporary American society (for contagious diseases), is important when planning a medical response. For non-contagious diseases, we address the characterization problem by formulating a Bayesian inverse problem predicated on a short time-series of diagnosed patients exhibiting symptoms. To keep the approach relevant for response planning, we limit ourselves to 3.5 days of data. In computational tests performed for anthrax, we usually find these observation windows sufficient, especially if the outbreak model employed in the inverse problem is accurate. For contagious diseases, we formulated a Bayesian inversion technique to infer both pathogenic transmissibility and the social network from outbreak observations, ensuring that the two determinants of spreading are identified separately. We tested this technique on data collected from a 1967 smallpox epidemic in Abakaliki, Nigeria. We inferred, probabilistically, different transmissibilities in the structured Abakaliki population, the social network, and the chain of transmission. Finally, we developed an individual-based epidemic model to realistically simulate the spread of a rare (or eradicated) disease in a modern society. This model incorporates the mixing patterns observed in an (American) urban setting and accepts, as model input, pathogenic transmissibilities estimated from historical outbreaks that may have occurred in socio-economic environments with little resemblance to contemporary society. Techniques were also developed to simulate disease spread on static and sampled network reductions of the dynamic social networks originally in the individual-based model, yielding faster, though approximate, network-based epidemic models. These reduced-order models are useful in scenario analysis for medical response planning, as well as in computationally intensive inverse problems.

  10. 71Jl"A\\\\l' Jl ].'J!lC SOUTH'WJEST FOJRUI~1I' &. IRAN~Jl1E EXlPIE1RII MEN1I' l'ATn(QJN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    71Jl"A\\\\l' Jl ].'J!lC SOUTH'WJEST FOJRUI~§1I' &. IRAN~Jl1E EXlPIE1RII MEN1I' §l'ATn(QJN 1966 F' 0 ul~ Llr e 71Jl"A\\\\l' Jl ].'J!lC SOUTH'WJEST FOJRUI~§1I' &. IRAN~Jl1E EXlPIE1RII MEN1I' §l

  11. Cluster Analysis-Based Approaches for Geospatiotemporal Data Mining of Massive Data Sets for Identification of Forest Threats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mills, Richard T [ORNL] [ORNL; Hoffman, Forrest M [ORNL] [ORNL; Kumar, Jitendra [ORNL] [ORNL; HargroveJr., William Walter [USDA Forest Service

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate methods for geospatiotemporal data mining of multi-year land surface phenology data (250 m2 Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) values derived from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) in this study) for the conterminous United States (CONUS) as part of an early warning system for detecting threats to forest ecosystems. The approaches explored here are based on k-means cluster analysis of this massive data set, which provides a basis for defining the bounds of the expected or normal phenological patterns that indicate healthy vegetation at a given geographic location. We briefly describe the computational approaches we have used to make cluster analysis of such massive data sets feasible, describe approaches we have explored for distinguishing between normal and abnormal phenology, and present some examples in which we have applied these approaches to identify various forest disturbances in the CONUS.

  12. Low Temperature Combustion and Diesel Emission Reduction Research...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Diesel Emission Reduction Research Low Temperature Combustion and Diesel Emission Reduction Research Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24, 2006, Detroit, Michigan....

  13. Mexico - Greenhouse Gas Emissions Baselines and Reduction Potentials...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings Jump to: navigation, search Name Mexico - Greenhouse Gas Emissions Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings Agency...

  14. California Customer Load Reductions during the Electricity Crisis...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Reductions during the Electricity Crisis: Did They Help to Keep the Lights On? Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: California Customer Load Reductions during...

  15. Biomineralization Associated with Microbial Reduction of Fe3...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Associated with Microbial Reduction of Fe3+ and Oxidation of Fe2+ in Solid Minerals . Biomineralization Associated with Microbial Reduction of Fe3+ and Oxidation of Fe2+...

  16. Evidence for Localization of Reaction Upon Reduction of Carbon...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Localization of Reaction Upon Reduction of Carbon Tetrachloride by Granular Iron. Evidence for Localization of Reaction Upon Reduction of Carbon Tetrachloride by Granular Iron....

  17. Polyelectrolyte-Induced Reduction of Exfoliated Graphite Oxide...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reduction of Exfoliated Graphite Oxide: A Facile Route to Synthesis of Soluble Graphene Nanosheets. Polyelectrolyte-Induced Reduction of Exfoliated Graphite Oxide: A Facile...

  18. Demonstrated Petroleum Reduction Using Oil Bypass Filter Technology...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Demonstrated Petroleum Reduction Using Oil Bypass Filter Technology on Heavy and Light Vehicles Demonstrated Petroleum Reduction Using Oil Bypass Filter Technology on Heavy and...

  19. Perspectives Regarding Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction in the...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Perspectives Regarding Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction in the Northeast Perspectives Regarding Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction in the Northeast 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions...

  20. 2013 Hydrogen Compression, Storage, and Dispensing Cost Reduction...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Hydrogen Compression, Storage, and Dispensing Cost Reduction Workshop Final Report 2013 Hydrogen Compression, Storage, and Dispensing Cost Reduction Workshop Final Report...