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Sample records for iran iraq kuwait

  1. Profiteering on the Iran-Iraq war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brzoska, M.

    1987-06-01

    The military gear delivered from the US in the Iran-contra affair represents only a minor portion of arms sales to the combatants in the Iraq-Iran war. That war has now lasted more than six years and has deeply influenced the international arms market. Occurring during a period when other demand for arms has been relatively low, the war has nourished new suppliers and has revived both the legal and illegal private arms market. The erratic behavior of the USSR and the US, until recently by far the most important arms suppliers to the Third World, has pushed Iran and Iraq toward more commercially oriented sources, including many in the Third World. Both countries have had ample supplies of weapons during the war, and these weapons have served their purpose. Mainly because of its duration, the war already ranks third among post-World War II wars - after the Vietnam war and the Biafra war - in battlefield victims, with 300,000-500,000 casualties. The economic cost has risen to nearly $500 billion in weapons, destruction, and lost income. While it is hard to see anything but losers on the battlefield, the arms traffickers are profiting. Total Iranian arms imports since August 1980 have been higher than $10 billion, while Iraq has imported more than $30 billion worth. It is difficult to know whether making arms more difficult to obtain would have stopped the war, but judging from other recent wars, such as those between India and Pakistan, between Uganda and Tanzania, and in the Middle East, it seems likely that hostilities could have been stopped long ago. 12 references.

  2. Iran and Iraq - the proliferation challenge. Strategic research report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, F.R.

    1996-04-15

    Worldwide proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missiles has been on the rise since the end of the Cold War. This escalation has brought a new set of challenges to post-Cold War strategists and policymakers. This study focus on the impact of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East. It assesses the possibility of Iran`s and Iraq`s ability to develop a nuclear capability within the next twenty to thirty years. United States` strategy and policy to counter this potential is also considered.

  3. Letters to Financial Times, June 13, 2014 Iraq crisis offers Iran its chance . . .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letters to Financial Times, June 13, 2014 Iraq crisis offers Iran its chance . . . From Prof John Ure . Sir, The big story about the current crisis in Iraq surely is the opportunity it offers Iran-Assad in neighbouring Syria. Iran has already sent the Revolutionary Guard to help the government beat back the Islamic

  4. Higher prices or gasoline lines loom if Iran-Iraq war lasts into spring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madison, C.

    1981-01-17

    Policies for dealing with the gasoline shortage caused by the Iran-Iraq war are predicted. Options for allocations of existing supplies are discussed. (PSB)

  5. International Law and the War in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, John C.

    2003-01-01

    and sanctions regime against Iraq and Kuwait); SC Res. 662 (Resolution 678, which gave Iraq until January 15, 1991, toto bring charges against Iraq for its violations of

  6. The cigarette “transit” road to the Islamic Republic of Iran and Iraq: Illicit tobacco trade in the Middle East

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01

    No. 303610452-524. Parker J. Iraq depending more on importedtrough the Silopi Pass into Iraq probably transport over aother goods imported into Iraq. . . . Cigarettes from Greek

  7. Iraq and the utilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Studness, C.M.

    1990-09-13

    This article discusses the possible impact on the public utilities of the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. The author feels the industry is in better shape to weather this than the energy crisis of 1973 and 1974. However regulatory policies that prohibit some utilities from recovering fuel costs through rate adjustments may cause distress for some. The author feels that a revision of regulatory policies is needed.

  8. December 14 -16, 2010 Erbil (Kurdistan, Iraq) International Conference on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    December 14 - 16, 2010 Erbil (Kurdistan, Iraq) International Conference on Revitalizing Research in the Cooperation in Mathematics between France and several countries, including Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Iran, Iraq · 2000 : Iraq, Mission CIMPA (rapport en fran¸cais) · 2002 : Mission en Iraq et en Syrie (rapport en fran

  9. December 14 -16, 2010 Erbil (Kurdistan, Iraq) International Conference on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    December 14 - 16, 2010 Erbil (Kurdistan, Iraq) International Conference on Revitalizing Research in Mathematics between France and several countries, including Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Iran, Iraq, Mali, Nepal://www.math.jussieu.fr/miw/cooperations.html Moyen-Orient - Middle East · 2000 : Iraq, Mission CIMPA (rapport en fran¸cais) · 2002 : Mission en Iraq

  10. An option pricing theory explanation of the invasion of Kuwait

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muhtaseb, M.R.

    1995-12-31

    The objective of this paper is to explain the invasion of Kuwait by making an analogy between a call option and the Iraq-Kuwait situation before the invasion on August 2, 1990. A number of factors contributed to the issuance of a deep-in-the money European call option to Iraq against Kuwait. The underlying asset is the crude oil reserves under Kuwait. Price of crude oil is determined in world spot markets. The exercise price is equal to the cost of permanently annexing and retaining Kuwait. The volatility is measured by the annualized variance of the weekly rate of return of the spot price of crude oil. Time-to-expiration is equal to the time period between decision date and actual invasion date. Finally, since crude oil prices are quoted in U.S. dollars, the U.S. Treasury bill rate is assumed to be the risk-free rate. In a base-case scenario, Kuwait`s oil reserves amount to 94,500 million barrels valued at $18 a barrell in early February 1990 resulting in a market value of $1,701 billion. Because the cost of the war to Iraq is not known, we assume it is comparable to that of the U.S.-led coalition of $51.0 billion. Time-to-expiration is six months. The treasury bill rate in early 1990 was around 7.5 percent. Annualized standard deviation of weekly rates of return is 0.216. The value of Kuwait`s invasion option is $1,642.25 billion. Depending on the scenario, the value of this special option ranged between $1,450 billion and $3.624 billion. 10 refs., 1 tab.

  11. Out of the Mouth of the Leader: The Political Ideology of Ayatollah ‘Ali Hosseini Khamenei, Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hovsepian Bearce, Yvette

    2013-01-01

    Spiritual Leader Oks Talks On Iraq, But …. ” MSNBC.co, (16through the eight- year Iraq-Iran war. After the death ofthe U.S. Hostage Crisis .. 92 The Iran-Iraq

  12. Impacts of oil disturbances: lessons from experience. [1973-1974 Oil Crisis; 1978-1979 Iranian Revolution; 1980-1981 Iran-Iraq War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curlee, T R

    1983-01-01

    An analysis of the impacts of previous oil distrubances can be used to suggest the impacts of future oil disturbances. This paper reviews how the 1973-1974 Oil Crisis, the 1978-1979 Iranian Revolution, and the 1980-1981 Iran-Iraq War impacted the US and world oil markets. Various measures of impacts are considered, such as impacts on physical flows of crude and products, crude and product price changes on the US and world markets, impacts on stocks of crude and products, and impacts on refiners' inputs and outputs. Various macroeconomic indicators, such as gross national product, inflation rates, and unemployment, are also considered. Of particular interest in this study are the impacts that oil disturbances have had (and could have) on the availabilities of particular crude types and the abilities of US refiners to process crudes of various types in the short run. In addition, this paper reviews how the actions of the consuming countries and the major oil companies affected the impacts of past disturbances. The paper briefly discusses the likely causes and impacts of future oil distrubances and summarizes the lessons to be learned from past reactions to oil disturbances.

  13. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    Figure 5. Monthly oil production for Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait,day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq Kuwait Figure 6.and the peak in U.S. oil production account for the broad

  14. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates...

  15. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates...

  16. Iraq cracks a few heads in the Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernstein, J.

    1990-08-20

    Last month Saddam Hussein charged that oil overproduction by his neighbors was costing Iraq dearly. When an OPEC meeting collapsed last week, he sent 100,000 troops to seize Kuwait, which he had accused of stealing oil. The US is scrambling to organize a Western boycott, but some analysts question just how effective such a more would be.

  17. Iraq: Eastern flank of the Arab world

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helms, C.M.

    1984-01-01

    Iraq, holding oil reserves second only to those of Saudi Arabia in the Middle East, is locked in a war with Iran whose outcome will affect Western energy supplies and the prospects for stability in the Arabian Gulf. Yet Iraq even now remains little known to Western governments and publics. This study is intended to enlarge understanding of Iraqi behavior and of the concerns that motivate its leaders. Rather than selecting issues of importance to other countries, the author focuses on the forces that influence policy formulation in Iraq and evokes the perspective from which the Iraqi government itself views its problems and sets its priorities. Part 1 examines the country's evolution into modern Iraq, explaining why problems that have recurred throughout Iraqi history have bedeviled all recent Iraqi governments and created tension between ''Iraq the nation'' and ''Iraq the state.'' Part 2 discusses the Arab Ba'th Socialist party, which has dominated Iraqi political life since 1968. The author neither condemns nor praises this controversial party and its current leader, President Saddam Husain, but seeks to explain why they have adopted the positions and taken the actions that have characterized their rule. Part 3 analyzes the war between Iraq and Iran, its causes, and the decisions Iraq has made in light of its goals and its assumptions about Iran. The author finds that this is not simply ''a war over borders'' but a deeper conflict between Islamic conservatism and Arab nationalism. Looking beyond the war, the final chapter assesses Iraq's potential importance in the Middle East and to the world economy. 8 figs.

  18. Fisheries Management: The Kuwaiti Experience Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of shrimp fisheries management in Kuwait. Impact of Wars on Kuwait's Fisheries The Iraq-Iran war, which of the Iraq-Iran war in 1988, and the govemment managed the penaeid fishery, often tak ing scientific advice were suspended (Carpenter, 1992; Mathews et aI., In press). Many fishing boats were moved to Iraq

  19. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  20. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  1. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. 2 Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  2. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea (DPRK) Korea (RK) Kuwait Crudo Oil (t) Exports Imports Petroleum

  3. Fact #887: August 24, 2015 The United States Supplies 15% of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Countries. The OPEC countries are Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela. Fact 887 Dataset...

  4. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Venezuela. In addition, it included...

  5. Fact #578: July 6, 2009 World Oil Reserves, Production, and Consumptio...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    include Venezuela, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Libya, Nigeria, Indonesia, Gabon, and Ecuador. OPEC consumption data are for 2005....

  6. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Venezuela. In addition, it included...

  7. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 3 Free on Board. See Glossary. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  8. TABLE25A.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    pentanes plus, petroleum coke, and waxes. d Formerly Zaire. e Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. (s) Less than 500...

  9. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

  10. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

  11. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

  12. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    prices, and future concession rights. Current members are Algeria, Gabon, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and...

  13. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

  14. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    No data reported. W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  15. Taking Women Seriously Makes us Smarter about the US War in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enloe, Cynthia

    2006-01-01

    to one of the main “the- atres of action” – this is how militaries talk. So you are a mechanic and you have been deployed with your unit to Kuwait, which is one of the main staging grounds used by the U.S. government for its operations in Iraq.... Negotiations with the Kuwaiti government went on long before the Bush Administration was willing to talk about engaging; we now know that started in about 2002. These diplo- matic negotiations take a lot of time. So you’re stationed in Kuwait. Here’s the reason...

  16. Big questions cloud Iraq's future role in world oil market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tippee, B.

    1992-03-09

    This paper reports that Iraq raises questions for the world oil market beyond those frequently asked about when and under what circumstances it will resume exports. Two wars since 1981 have obscured encouraging results from a 20 year exploration program that were only beginning to come to light when Iraq invaded Kuwait in August 1990. Those results indicate the country might someday be able to produce much more than the 3.2 million b/d it was flowing before a United Nations embargo blocked exports. If exploratory potential is anywhere near what officials asserted in the late 1980s, and if Iraq eventually turns hospitable to international capital, the country could become a world class opportunity for oil companies as well as an exporter with productive capacity approaching that of Saudi Arabia. But political conditions can change quickly. Under a new, secular regime, Iraq might welcome non-Iraqi oil companies and capital as essential to economic recovery. It's a prospect that warrants a new industry look at what the country has revealed about its geology and exploration history.

  17. Water demand management in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milutinovic, Milan, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01

    Kuwait is an arid country located in the Middle East, with limited access to water resources. Yet water demand per capita is much higher than in other countries in the world, estimated to be around 450 L/capita/day. There ...

  18. Iraq and the Betrayal of Trust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakoff, George

    2007-01-01

    Iraq and the Betrayal of Trust —~Enstitute 11/‘U103 9143 9“ a Iraq and the Betrayal of TrustBetrayal? , Oil and Betrayal in Iraq, and The Senate Votes

  19. War in Iraq: an Impending Refugee Crisis?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loescher, Gil

    2003-01-01

    refugee consequences of a conflict in Iraq at their peril.IMMIGRATION STUDIES War in Iraq: An Impending RefugeeCalifornia 92093-0510 War in Iraq: An Impending Refugee

  20. The hydrometeorology of Kuwait : characterization and modeling of rainfall distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcella, Marc Pace

    2008-01-01

    This thesis presents a comprehensive study on the hydrometeorology of Kuwait. The spatial, seasonal, and inter annual variability of Kuwait rainfall is discussed based on rain gauge and satellite datasets. It is found that ...

  1. COMMENTARY: What to Expect from US "Democracy Promotion" in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, William I.

    2004-01-01

    Democracy Promotion” in Iraq William I. Robinson Universityfor “promoting democracy” in Iraq is an integral componentinvasion and occupation of Iraq and they face an expanding

  2. Daylighting systems for the Kuwait National Museum 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahn, Byoungsoo

    2005-08-29

    May 2005 Major Subject: Architecture ii DAYLIGHTING SYSTEMS FOR THE KUWAIT NATIONAL MUSEUM A Thesis by BYOUNGSOO AHN Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... Phillip J. Tabb (Member) (Head of Department) May 2005 Major Subject: Architecture iii ABSTRACT...

  3. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    per day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq KuwaitEIA Table 1.2, “OPEC Crude Oil Production (Excluding Lease2008, from EIA, “Crude Oil Production. ” Figure 16. U.S.

  4. "International Society of Muslim Women in Science (ISMWS)" Members of ISMWS: 177

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    . England, 10. Iran, 11. Iraq, 12. Jordan, 13. Kenya, 14. Kuwait, 15. Lebanon, 16. Malaysia, 17. Morocco, 18, Physics, Egypt 55. Dr Lobna Saleh, Physics, Egypt, 56. Dr Lotfia El Nadi, Nuclear Physics and Laser

  5. Measuring the Costs of U.S. Oil Dependence and the Benefits of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    exporters operating as OPEC." Prof. M. Adelman, MIT, 2004. Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia UAE Venezuela 0 20 40 60 80 100 120...

  6. The IAEA: Neutralizing Iraq's nuclear weapons potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zifferero, M.

    1993-04-01

    With support from UNSCOM and staff members from several countries, the IAEA has succeeded in identifying and destroying most of Iraq's nuclear weapons potential. IAEA activities in Iraq have also established a sound basis for long-term monitoring of Iraq. This will involve several procedures and techniques, including the periodic monitoring of Iraq's main bodies of water and unannounced visits of resident inspectors to plants, factories, and research centers.

  7. Iraq`s significant hydrocarbon potential remains relatively undeveloped

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    AL-Gailani, M. [GeoDesign Ltd., Kingston-upon-Thames (United Kingdom)

    1996-07-29

    Iraq is probably one of the least explored countries in the Middle East, despite the fact that it possesses one of the richest hydrocarbon basins in the world almost on a par to Saudi Arabia`s potential, if not more. The aim of this article is to state the facts about Iraq and focus on the huge but untapped and undeveloped hydrocarbon resources to the international oil community. Perhaps it is best to start by describing briefly the sedimentary and tectonic elements responsible for accumulating such large hydrocarbon resources. The paper describes the basin, tectonic elements, structural anomalies, deep drilling, source rocks, reservoir rocks, characteristics, and new reserves.

  8. Invasion of Iraq & Looting of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Invasion of Iraq & Looting of the National Museum Army Reserve Major Corine Wegener is mobilized for Everyone (SAFE) develops the DoD Iraq & Afghanistan Heritage Reference Websites. DoD hosts a symposium Iraq/Afghanistan Playing Cards sent to US military locations and in-theatre. CENTCOM Historical

  9. Traumatic Brain Injury: The “Signature Injury” of the Iraq War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aftandilians, Tania

    2009-01-01

    news/nationworld/iraq/bal- factorvii,0,2855253.storygallery?The “Signature Injury” of the Iraq War by Tania Aftandiliansremains undi- lives in Iraq; however, funding is severely

  10. Iran at the Crossroads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pahlavi, Reza

    2001-01-01

    the Clerical Regime in Iran in order to stage the perceptionthat political candidates in Iran are exclusively confinedstyle charade, as a sign of Iran's flourishing new democracy

  11. Iraq's secret nuclear weapons program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, J.C. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)); Kay, D.A. (Uranium Institute, London (United Kingdom))

    1992-07-01

    UN inspectors discovered an electromagnetic isotope separation factory that put Iraq just 18-30 months away from having enough material for a bomb. They also found European centrifuge technology and plans for an implosion device. The inspections of Iraq mandated by the United Nations as a cease-fire condition at the end of the Gulf War in February 1991 have revealed a clandestine nuclear materials production and weapons design program of unexpected size and sophistication. The total value of that program, in terms of equipment and personnel deployed between 1981 and 1991, may be on the order of $5-10 billion. The program employed an estimated 7000 scientist and 20,000 workers. 6 refs., 4 figs.

  12. Iran in History Iran in History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    1 Iran in History Iran in History by Bernard Lewis In attempting to attain some perspective on Iran. These events have been variously seen in Iran: by some as a blessing, the advent of the true faith, the end remarkable difference between what happened in Iran and what happened in all the other countries

  13. Design issues concerning Iran`s Bushehr nuclear power plant VVER-1000 conversion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carson, C.F.

    1996-12-31

    On January 8, 1995, the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) signed a contract for $800 million with the Russian Federation Ministry for Atomic Energy (Minatom) to complete Bushehr nuclear power plant (BNPP) unit 1. The agreement called for a Russian VVER-1000/320 pressurized water reactor (PWR) to be successfully installed into the existing German-built BNPP facilities in 5 yr. System design differences, bomb damage, and environmental exposure are key issues with which Minatom must contend in order to fulfill the contract. The AEOI under the Shah of Iran envisioned Bushehr as the first of many nuclear power plants, with Iran achieving 24 GW(electric) by 1993 and 34 GW(electric) by 2000. Kraftwerk Union AG (KWU) began construction of the two-unit plant near the Persian Gulf town of Halileh in 1975. Unit 1 was {approx}80% complete and unit 2 was {approx}50% complete when construction was interrupted by the 1979 Iranian Islamic revolution. Despite repeated AEOI attempts to lure KWU and other companies back to Iran to complete the plant, Western concerns about nuclear proliferation in Iran and repeated bombings of the plant during the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq war dissuaded Germany from resuming construction.

  14. Analysis of sustainable water supply options for Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murtaugh, Katharine A. (Katharine Ann)

    2006-01-01

    This thesis considers several options for improving the sustainability of Kuwait's water supply system. The country currently relies heavily on desalination and brackish groundwater extraction. The options considered for ...

  15. Humanity Must Be Defended: War, Politics and Humanitarian Relief in Iraq, 1990-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntyre, Adrian

    2010-01-01

    Yaphe, Judith S. 2004. “Iraq Considered: Review Article. ”Post-war Reconstruction in Iraq: The Case Study of BasrahWord: Political Discourse in Iraq. Oxford University Press.

  16. Iraq's nuclear hide-and-seek

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, D. (Friends of the Earth, Washington, DC (United States)); Hibbs, M.

    1991-09-01

    The revelation that Iraq had spent as much as $8 billion on its calutron program implies that Iraq sought to develop a large and renewable weapons material stockpile. While the calutron revelations are alarming, a nuclear weapons program requires more than equipment to produce fissile materials. Iraq lacked the hands-on experience required to nudge its fledgling gas centrifuge program out of the laboratory and into the large-scale production phase. No information to date suggests that Iraq would have escaped serious difficulties as it moved from a calutron pilot stage to large-scale production of highly enriched uranium. The revelations have raised hard questions about the quality of reconnaissance information on Iraq's nuclear effort. But the heat fingerprints left by a large calutron production plant would become visible only after the facility was producing enriched uranium. Tracking down and eliminating Iraq's nuclear weapons capabilities under the terms of Resolution 687, and a continued embargo to halt imports of relevant technologies and equipment, will be the most effective way to prevent Iraq's nuclear program from resurfacing.

  17. Iraq: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01

    This paper reports that no reliable information on Iraqi E and P operations and only a few reports on oil field facilities damage have been available since last August. Most of what is known originated from the Middle East Economic Survey (MEES), the authoritative newsletter covering the Middle East. According to MEES reports in major northern oil fields (Kirkuk, Bai Hasan and Jambur) is put at 800,000 bpd. The northern fields and the pipeline system through Turkey to the Mediterranean Sea that serves as an export outlet for the area apparently were not damaged much by coalition air strikes or subsequent fighting by the Kurds. Last May production was estimated at 250,000 bpd, presumably from northern fields. If and when U.N. sanctions are lifted, Iraq should be able to export promptly through the Turkish line.

  18. Iraq nuclear facility dismantlement and disposal project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, J.R.; Danneels, J. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Kenagy, W.D. [U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, Office of Nuclear Energy, Safety and Security, Washington, DC (United States); Phillips, C.J.; Chesser, R.K. [Center for Environmental Radiation Studies, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX (United States)

    2007-07-01

    The Al Tuwaitha nuclear complex near Baghdad contains a significant number of nuclear facilities from Saddam Hussein's dictatorship. Because of past military operations, lack of upkeep and looting there is now an enormous radioactive waste problem at Al Tuwaitha. Al Tuwaitha contains uncharacterised radioactive wastes, yellow cake, sealed radioactive sources, and contaminated metals. The current security situation in Iraq hampers all aspects of radioactive waste management. Further, Iraq has never had a radioactive waste disposal facility, which means that ever increasing quantities of radioactive waste and material must be held in guarded storage. The Iraq Nuclear Facility Dismantlement and Disposal Program (the NDs Program) has been initiated by the U.S. Department of State (DOS) to assist the Government of Iraq (GOI) in eliminating the threats from poorly controlled radioactive materials, while building human capacities so that the GOI can manage other environmental cleanups in their country. The DOS has funded the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to provide technical assistance to the GOI via a Technical Cooperation Project. Program coordination will be provided by the DOS, consistent with U.S. and GOI policies, and Sandia National Laboratories will be responsible for coordination of participants and for providing waste management support. Texas Tech University will continue to provide in-country assistance, including radioactive waste characterization and the stand-up of the Iraq Nuclear Services Company. The GOI owns the problems in Iraq and will be responsible for the vast majority of the implementation of the NDs Program. (authors)

  19. Improving Operational Strategies of an Institutional Building in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ragom, F.

    2002-01-01

    in Kuwait has a single flat rate that is 2 fils/kWh (0.6 cents/kWh) for residential and office buildings. This rate has been fixed for the past 35 years (Kuwait, 1983). The rate is low since it is highly subsidized by the Government, while the actual... cost reaches up to 15 fils/kWh (4.8 cents/kWh) depending on the price of oil barrel, the consumer only pays 2 fils/kWh (0.6 cents/kWh). The government subsidizes almost 85% of the electricity price in order to provide higher living standard...

  20. Iraq's Oil Tomorrow Valerie Marcel, Senior Research Fellow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Iraq's Oil Tomorrow April 2003 By Valerie Marcel, Senior Research Fellow John V. Mitchell the prior permission of the copyright holder. #12;Iraq's Oil Tomorrow 2 Introduction Public perceptions that the American-led military campaign against Iraq is fuelled by oil are widespread in Europe and in the Middle

  1. Ongoing monitoring and verification in Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trevan, T.

    1994-05-01

    When Iraq informed the United Nations last November 26 that it would cooperate in implementing the plans to monitor compliance with its obligations not to reacquire weapons banned under the ceasefire agreements following the Gulf War, it signalled an apparent policy reversal after two years of difficulties, deadlocks and limited cooperation. While claiming never to have rejected the plans to implement nationwide monitoring and inspections to prevent the import or manufacture of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and long-range ballistic missiles, Iraq consistently spoke of the plans in terms of political, if not legal, rejection.

  2. Gays and Lesbians at War: Military Service in Iraq and Afghanistan Under “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Nathaniel

    2004-01-01

    AT WAR: MILITARY SERVICE IN IRAQ AND AFGHANISTAN UNDER “DON’wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Despite widespread knowledgeused before sites in Iraq and Afghanistan were improved, as

  3. MEW Efforts in Reducing Electricity and Water Consumption in Government and Private Sectors in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Tayar, I.

    2011-01-01

    of Engineers, membership No. 1715. MEW EFFORTS IN REDUCING ELECTRICITY AND WATER CONSUMPTION IN GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE SECTORS IN KUWAIT Eng. Iqbal Al-Tayar Manager ? Technical Supervision Department Planning and Training Sector Ministry... of Electricity & Water (MEW) - Kuwait Historical Background - Electricity ? In 1913, the first electric machine was installed in Kuwait to operate 400 lambs for Al-Saif Palace. ? In 1934, two electric generators were installed with a total capacity of 60 k...

  4. Mark Twain's 'the War-Prayer'—Reflections on Vietnam and Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lan, Mông-

    2009-01-01

    Re?ections on Vietnam and Iraq Mong-Lan Although he pennedVietnam and have become Iraq—with regard to the role playedwith America today in Iraq, there is no need to consider

  5. From Iraq to the US: A Refugee Trajectory of the Professional Class

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolins, Maia

    2011-01-01

    by Maia Wolins, 2011. [3] “Iraq: Latest Return Survey ShowsRosen, Nir. “The Flight From Iraq. ” The New York Times, 13From Iraq to the US: A Refugee Trajectory of the

  6. Essays on Fertility, Gender Preference and Family Planning in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GHOBADI, NEGAR

    2010-01-01

    Population Policy Changes in Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . .v 3.3.2 Iran’s Current Health Data . . . . . . . . . . . . .Case of Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  7. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01

    Bissau, Honduras, Iraq, Liberia, Mozambique, Nicaragua,Bissau, Honduras, Iraq, Liberia, Mozambique, Nicaragua,Ghana*, India, Kuwait*, Liberia*, Luxembourg*, Madagascar,

  8. Secretary Bodman Visits Iraq | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterestedReplacement-2-AA-1 SECTIONEnergy ScientistsinArabVisits Iraq Secretary

  9. JPRS report supplement: Nuclear developments. Iraq -- Nuclear and missile proliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1990-09-14

    This document contains articles from foreign periodicals from throughout the world, translated into English, that concern nuclear developments, specifically nuclear and missile proliferation in Iraq.

  10. Study sizes up Iraq`s reserves, exploration status, production potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ibrahim, M.W. [Target Exploration Consultants, London (United Kingdom)

    1996-06-24

    Iraq has a volatile exploration and production history, but unlike more stable OAPEC countries it was National Oil Co. (INOC) rather than foreign oil companies that discovered most of the country`s proved oil reserves. Proved reserves are in Paleozoic, Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous, and Tertiary reservoirs charged by Silurian and Jurassic and/or Cretaceous source rocks. The pre-gulf war production capacity was 3.5 million b/d, but the country`s current damaged production capacity is about 2.5 million b/d. New discoveries have elevated Iraq`s proved reserves to 120 billion bbl of oil. The paper discusses exploration history, proven reserves, exploration plays, exploration potential, and production potential.

  11. Decommissioning of the Iraq former nuclear complex

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abbas, Mohammed [Ministry of Science and Technology (Iraq); Helou, Tuama; Ahmead, Bushra [Ministry of Environment (Iraq); Al-Atia, Mousa; Al-Mubarak, Mowaffak [Iraqi Radiation Sources Regulatory Authority (Iraq); Danneels, Jeffrey; Cochran, John; Sorenson, Ken [Sandia National Laboratories (United States); Coates, Roger [International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100 - 1400 Vienna (Austria)

    2007-07-01

    Available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: A number of sites in Iraq have some degree of radiological contamination and require decommissioning and remediation in order to ensure radiological safety. Many of these sites in Iraq are located at the nuclear research centre at Al Tuwaitha. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Board of Governors has approved a project to assist the Government of Iraq in the evaluation and decommissioning of former facilities that used radioactive materials. The project is divided into three phases: Phase 1: collect and analyze all available data and conduct training of the Iraqi staff, Phase 2: develop a decommissioning and remediation plan, and Phase 3: implement field activities relating to decommissioning, remediation and site selection suitable for final disposal of waste. Four working groups have been established to complete the Phase 1 work and significant progress has been made in drafting a new nuclear law which will provide the legal basis for the licensing of the decommissioning of the former nuclear complex. Work is also underway to collect and analysis existing date, to prioritize future activities and to develop a waste management strategy. This will be a long-term and costly project. (authors)

  12. Labs Race to Stop Iran"

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New York Times covers "National Labs Race to Stop Iran" May 15, 2015 National labs race to stop Iran Given the stakes in the sensitive negotiations with Iran, the labs would...

  13. Iraq's shop-till-you-drop nuclear program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, D. (Friends of the Earth, Washington, DC (United States)); Hibbs, M.

    1992-04-01

    In a series of articles that began in March 1991, the authors have tried to separate fact from fiction about Iraq's ability to build nuclear weapons and to produce material to fuel them. After exposing Iraq's efforts to enrich uranium and design an atomic bomb, UN and IAEA experts zeroed in on how Iraq put its program together. The basic answer is that along with determination and persistence, Iraq had a great deal of foreign help. Iraq's Petrochemical Three,' the secret nuclear program conducted under the authority of its Atomic Energy Commission with links to the Defense Ministry and the Ministry of Industry and Military Industrialization, received massive infusions of money and resources. Like the Manhattan Project that built the first atomic bombs in the United States, Iraq's program simultaneously pursued a number of different technical avenues to the bomb. Not knowing which efforts would succeed, Iraq poured billions of dollars into its multifaceted quest. Providing for these programs required the establishment of elaborate procurement networks in Europe, North America, and Asia. Like the technical quest, the procurement effort was carried out on many fronts at once. Diplomacy and secrecy were required, because few companies would knowingly supply a nuclear weapons program, or even a secret nuclear program that was ostensibly for civil purposes. Iraq showed great ingenuity in hiding its purchases behind such innocuous pursuits as automobile manufacturing, dairy production, and oil refining.

  14. Iraq hedges on arms inspections; CIA warns of ongoing programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolfsthal, J.

    1992-12-01

    International inspection terms received distinctly mixed signals from Iraqi officials during December inspection visits. Iraq's liasion to U.N. Special Commission (UNSCOM) inspection teams told the head of an UNSCOM chemical and biological weapons team that began a visit December 5 that Iraqi citizens would like to drink the blood' of the inspectors, and that Iraq would no longer cooperate with U.N. weapon inspection activities. An International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) nuclear inspection team in Iraq at the same time, however, was told by its chief Iraqi liasion officer that Baghdad was finally willing to answer questions about Iraq's foreign procurement network for nuclear equipment and technology. These contradictory developments came only days before the head of U.S. Intelligence made renewed allegations about Iraq's weapons capabilities.

  15. Iraq: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy ResourcesOrder at 8, 13Renewable PowerMismatchInformationPageIra,Iraq:

  16. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

    1987-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1986 totaled 4,493,973,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,312,254 BOPD), up 22.3% from the revised 1985 total of 3,673,729,000 bbl. Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Abu Dhabi, and Oman had significant increased; Iran was the only Middle East country with a significant decrease. New fields went on production in Oman and Yemen Arab Republic, and significant discoveries were reported in Iraq, Yemen Arab Republic, Oman, and Syria. However, exploration was generally down in most countries. Exploration and production operations continued to be affected by war in Iraq and Iran. 8 figures, 7 tables.

  17. Faculty of Health Sciences MPH Program Policies and Procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihadeh, Alan

    region (Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya Arab Jamahiriya

  18. Knowledge Advancing Social Justice Brandeis University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    , Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania

  19. International project finance : the case of Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Jassar, Sulaiman Ahmed

    2005-01-01

    This thesis examines the record of the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development (KFAED) in light of changing fashions regarding the proper role and management of such funds in the development finance process. The key ...

  20. Re-examination of the current architectural curriculum at Kuwait University 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdullah, Mohammad

    2003-01-01

    at Kuwait University, with specific emphasis on its curriculum. In addition, it outlines the factors affecting the degree of integration between the curriculum's components, assures that the program is providing the education needed to prepare...

  1. Pachydermodactyly, a new case from Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zamanian, Abbas; Ansar, Akram

    2011-01-01

    Pachydermodactyly, a new case from Iran Abbas Zamanian MD8 1. Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 2.Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran Abstract Pachydermodactyly (

  2. Director, Smalley Nano & Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Dallas Board of Councilors December 7, 1995 #12;#12;Oil will become scarce, and then gas & Gas 14 World Oil Reserves Top Ten Owner Companies Venezuela 10% Abu Dhabi 7% Mexico 6% Libya 3% Nigeria 3% China 2% Iran 11% Kuwait 12% Iraq 14% Saudi Aramco 32% Source: The Oil Daily, 12/23/1999 Total

  3. GREQAMGroupement de Recherche en Economie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille -UMR-CNRS 6579

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -80 events in Iran and Iraq, the 1990 invasion of Kuwait and latest crisis in the crude oil market in 1999 evidence of the importance of oil price movements when explaining movements in stock returns. Oil prices-38 EXTREME VALUE THEORY AND VALUE AT RISK: APPLICATION TO OIL MARKET Vęlayoudom MARIMOUTOU Bechir RAGGAD

  4. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    OPEC 4,184 42 116 134 30 34 64 Algeria 218 24 68 53 0 0 0 Indonesia 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 443 0 0 10 0 0 0 Kuwait 183 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 20 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  5. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Total OPEC 8,771 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 252 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 150 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 1,264 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  6. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Conventional Total OPEC 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria 0 0 0...

  7. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    14,745 0 653 653 Algeria 43,956 5,591 10,931 1,677 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 604 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 105,986 0 0 305 0 0 0 Kuwait 45,131 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 3,657 0 318...

  8. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 9,068 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 827 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 307 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 481 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  9. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    OPEC 26,638 0 871 617 905 1,028 1,933 Algeria 0 0 534 617 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  10. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    OPEC 4,762 35 104 108 22 26 48 Algeria 228 17 51 58 0 0 0 Indonesia 19 0 0 3 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 520 0 0 2 0 0 0 Kuwait 215 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 44 0 1 3 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  11. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Total OPEC 4,727 51 69 83 8 41 49 Algeria 212 21 40 48 0 0 0 Indonesia 28 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 390 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 268 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 34 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  12. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 4,825 37 86 111 22 25 47 Algeria 228 20 53 59 0 0 0 Indonesia 15 0 0 2 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 524 0 0 1 0 0 0 Kuwait 197 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 43 0 1 3 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  13. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Conventional Total OPEC 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria 0 0 0...

  14. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    0 704 1,604 246 942 1,188 Algeria 1,035 0 404 1,230 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  15. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    OPEC 4,816 35 105 109 22 26 48 Algeria 228 17 51 58 0 0 0 Indonesia 19 0 0 3 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 527 0 0 2 0 0 0 Kuwait 227 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 44 0 1 3 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  16. Libraries and Human Rights: Iraq in the Crossfire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cloonan, Michè le V.

    2008-07-14

    Michčle V. Cloonan, Dean and Professor at the Simmons College Graduate School of Library & Information Science, presents "Libraries and Human Rights: Iraq in the Crossfire," April 3, 2008 at the Spooner Commons, University of Kansas. Presentation...

  17. Iraq's housing crisis : upgrading settlements for IDPS (internally displaced persons)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaikley, Layla Karim

    2013-01-01

    The most recent war in Iraq has resulted in a large wave of internal and external displacement with increased sectarian violence and ethnic tension. Subsequent conflict has exacerbated conditions within the nation and ...

  18. Support of the Iraq nuclear facility dismantlement and disposal program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coates, Roger [International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100 - 1400 Vienna (Austria); Cochran, John; Danneels, Jeff [Sandia National Laboratories (United States); Chesser, Ronald; Phillips, Carlton; Rogers, Brenda [Center for Environmental Radiation Studies, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409 (United States)

    2007-07-01

    Available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: Iraq's former nuclear facilities contain large quantities of radioactive materials and radioactive waste. The Iraq Nuclear Facility Dismantlement and Disposal Program (the Iraq NDs Program) is a new program to decontaminate and permanently dispose of radioactive wastes in Iraq. The NDs Program is led by the Government of Iraq, under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) auspices, with guidance and assistance from a number of countries. The U.S. participants include Texas Tech University and Sandia National Laboratories. A number of activities are ongoing under the broad umbrella of the Iraq NDs Program: drafting a new nuclear law that will provide the legal basis for the cleanup and disposal activities; assembly and analysis of existing data; characterization of soil contamination; bringing Iraqi scientists to the world's largest symposium on radioactive waste management; touring U.S. government and private sector operating radwaste disposal facilities in the U.S., and hosting a planning workshop on the characterization and cleanup of the Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Facility. (authors)

  19. Mental Health Diagnoses and Utilization of VA Non-Mental Health Medical Services Among Returning Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Beth E.; Gima, Kris; Bertenthal, Daniel; Kim, Sue; Marmar, Charles R.; Seal, Karen H.

    2010-01-01

    Soldiers Returning From the Iraq War. Jama. 2007;298:2141–8.returning from deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan. JAMA.soldiers returning from the Iraq war. JAMA. 2007;298:2141–8.

  20. Mark Twain's 'the War-Prayer'—Reflections on Vietnam and Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lan, Mông-

    2009-01-01

    War-Prayer”—Re?ections on Vietnam and Iraq Mong-Lan Althoughthe Philippines became Vietnam and have become Iraq—withThe photographs depicted Vietnam from 1954-1975, the war

  1. U.S. pullout from Iraq long overdue, Palm Beach County veterans agree

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    U.S. pullout from Iraq long overdue, Palm Beach County veterans agree By KEVIN D. THOMPSON Palm President Obama on Friday declared the war in Iraq over and announced that all U.S. troops would be leaving

  2. Iraq nuclear facility dismantlement and disposal project (NDs Project).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, John Russell

    2010-06-01

    The Al Tuwaitha nuclear complex near Baghdad contains a number of facilities from Saddam Hussan's nuclear weapons program. Past military operations, lack of upkeep and looting have created an enormous radioactive waste problem at the Al Tuwaitha complex, which contains various, uncharacterized radioactive wastes, yellow cake, sealed radioactive sources, and contaminated metals that must be constantly guarded. Iraq has never had a radioactive waste disposal facility and the lack of a disposal facility means that ever increasing quantities of radioactive material must be held in guarded storage. The Iraq Nuclear Facility Dismantlement and Disposal Program (the NDs Program) has been initiated by the U.S. Department of State (DOS) to assist the Government of Iraq (GOI) in eliminating the threats from poorly controlled radioactive materials, while building human capacities so that the GOI can manage other environmental cleanups in their country. The DOS is funding the IAEA to provide technical assistance via Technical Cooperation projects. Program coordination will be provided by the DOS, consistent with GOI policies, and Sandia National Laboratories will be responsible for coordination of participants and waste management support. Texas Tech University will continue to provide in-country assistance, including radioactive waste characterization and the stand-up of the Iraq Nuclear Services Company. The GOI owns the problems in Iraq and will be responsible for implementation of the NDs Program.

  3. What visibility conceals. Re-embedding Refugee Migration from Iraq Graldine Chatelard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    What visibility conceals. Re-embedding Refugee Migration from Iraq Géraldine Chatelard Research: This chapter aims at reconnecting the mass refugee migration from Iraq that has followed the fall of the regime and social anthropology. Focusing on the case of refugee migration from Iraq to Jordan between 1990 and 2008

  4. Deception and Denial in Iraq--The Limits of Secret Intelligence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Jonathan I.

    Deception and Denial in Iraq-- The Limits of Secret Intelligence and the Intelligent Adversary Corollary Running title: Deception and Denial in Iraq Jonathan I. Katz Department of Physics CB1105 1 #12;Abstract Prior to the Second Gulf War Iraq accomplished the remarkable feat of convincing

  5. Immortality in the Secret Police Files: The Iraq Memory Foundation and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Norman

    Immortality in the Secret Police Files: The Iraq Memory Foundation and the Baath Party Archive Bruce P. Montgomery* Abstract: Shortly after the 2003 American invasion of Iraq, Kanan Makiya, a long in power. Soon after the discovery of the documents, the Iraq Memory Foundation (IMF), a private Washington

  6. Estimated use of explosives in the mining industries of Algeria, Iran, Iraq, and Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilburn, D.R.; Russell, J.A.; Bleiwas, D.I.

    1995-09-01

    This work was performed under Memorandum of Agreement B291534 Between the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and the United States Bureau of Mines. The Bureau of Mines authors are members of the Minerals Availability Field Office (MAFO) in Denver, CO, which uses an extensive network of information sources to develop and maintain the Minerals Availability database concerning mining and minerals properties worldwide. This study was initiated and directed by F. Heuze at LLNL. A previous study on the same subject had been commissioned by LLNL from the Mining Journal Research Services (MJRS) in London ,UK. Its results were integrated into this report. MJRS is shown as one of the numerous sources which were used for this work. All sources are listed in the report. This document is arranged in four sections, one for each country, in alphabetical order. Thie outline is the same for each country.

  7. Characterizing Surface Temperature and Clarity of Kuwait's Seawaters Using Remotely Sensed Measurements and GIS Analyses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsahli, Mohammad M. M.

    2009-11-30

    power. Kuwait seawaters are rich in a diversity of fishery species that provides about 40 to 50% of the country?s seafood demand (Al- Yamani et al., 2004). Kuwait relies on desalination stations and power plants along the coast for its freshwater... ecosystem through the release of more sewage and increase in water temperatures that are elevated by nearby power plants (Bu-Olayan et al., 2001). The growing pressure on the coastal environment is suspected to be associated with documented massive fish...

  8. Global arms proliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christiansen, D.

    1991-09-01

    This paper reports that the United States delivered some US $11 billion of military hardware to Iran between 1969 and 1979, in the hopes of helping stabilize a volatile situation in the Middle East. That did not work. When Iran used the weapons against Iraq, the USSR, France, and a number of developing countries helped arm Iraq. It was this vast arsenal that Iraq deployed in its Kuwait-Persian Gulf War venture. Granted, those weapons were augmented by some U.S.-made equipment like TOW antitank missiles and Hawk antiaircraft missiles that were captured in the Iraqi attack on Kuwait. A report issued by the U.S. Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) in June cited that chain of events to demonstrate that the U.S. and other major exporters are gradually losing control of the weapons transferred (to other countries) as well as the technology and industry necessary to produce and support them.

  9. International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards after Iraq - some Austrailian perceptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bardsley, J.; Carlson, J.; Hill, J.

    1994-12-31

    Iraq`s nuclear weapons development program used facilities and nuclear material separate from its safeguarded activities. To detect such a strategy the IAEA`s safeguards inspectors need access to locations and information beyond that foreseen in NPT safeguards agreements. But the IAEA is short of money. And detecting undeclared activities could be expensive. If the IAEA can establish a capability to detect undeclared activities, then it might be able to save on regular safeguards. But it`s important not to put the cart before the horse - effective safeguards must come first, savings second.

  10. Natural Gas Exports from Iran

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2012-01-01

    This assessment of the natural gas sector in Iran, with a focus on Iran’s natural gas exports, was prepared pursuant to section 505 (a) of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (Public Law No: 112-158). As requested, it includes: (1) an assessment of exports of natural gas from Iran; (2) an identification of the countries that purchase the most natural gas from Iran; (3) an assessment of alternative supplies of natural gas available to those countries; (4) an assessment of the impact a reduction in exports of natural gas from Iran would have on global natural gas supplies and the price of natural gas, especially in countries identified under number (2); and (5) such other information as the Administrator considers appropriate.

  11. NNSA Signs Memorandum with Kuwait to Increase Cooperation on Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Thomas D'Agostino

    2010-09-01

    On June 23, 2010, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) signed a Memorandum of Cooperation on nuclear safeguards and other nonproliferation topics with the Kuwait National Nuclear Energy Committee (KNNEC). NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino and KNNEC's Secretary General, Dr. Ahmad Bishara, signed the memorandum at a ceremony at U.S. Department of Energy headquarters in Washington.

  12. UNSCOM faces entirely new verification challenges in Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trevan, T.

    1993-04-01

    Starting with the very first declarations and inspections, it became evident that Iraq was not acting in good faith, would use every possible pretext to reinterpret UNSCOM's inspection rights, and occasionally would use harassment tactics to make inspections as difficult as possible. Topics considered in detail include; initial assumptions, outstanding issues, and UNSCOM's future attitude.

  13. Crustal structure along geotransect Baghdad-Dohuk, northern Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Saigh, N.H. (Mosul Univ. (Iraq)); Namik, I.; Hameed, I.A.

    1990-06-01

    Seismic reflection data correlated to five exploration wells along with geological, gravity, and magnetic data are used to construct the subsurface structure along an approximately 100 km wide corridor that traverses central Iraq in a SE-NW direction for a distance of about 500 km from Baghdad in the central part of Iraq to Dohuk near the Turkish border. This transect is one of few such transects that represents the Iraqi contribution to the Global Geoscience Transects (GGT) project. A strong reflector has been identified at a depth of about 10- 13 km. This reflector is believed to be the top surface of the crystalline basement. This seismic evidence finds support in the interpretation of gravity and magnetic data. The crystalline basement becomes shallower as the authors approach the Turkish border, until about 100 km from the border, and then becomes deeper again to subduct under the Anadolian plate. In central Iraq the basement also becomes deeper as they approach the Iranian border to subduct under the Iranian plate. It appears that the thickness of the crust varies between 35.5 km in the central part of Iraq and about 30.5 km near the Turkish border.

  14. Sustainable water resources development in Kuwait : an integrated approach with comparative analysis of the case of Singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nazerali, Nasruddin A

    2007-01-01

    This thesis assesses the water resource status of Kuwait and Singapore, both countries considered as water scarce. The institutional aspect of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) efforts in both countries is closely ...

  15. An examination of the perceived need and recommended body of knowledge for architectural internship programs in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdullah, Mohammad

    2007-09-17

    This study stresses and reflects a professional concern for the state of architecture in Kuwait, with a specific emphasis on the development of competence of architectural students and recent graduates on professional knowledge areas...

  16. Press Release: New calculations show as many as 7.3 million Americans know someone killed or injured in Iraq and Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hicks, Sally

    2006-01-01

    know a soldier killed in Iraq, it’s going to make the costSomeone Killed or Injured in Iraq, Afghanistan The socialor injured in the war in Iraq and Afghanistan, according to

  17. Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seljan, Samuel Sierra

    2010-01-01

    of the Use of Force against Iraq in 2003." Dissertation,Policy: The Case of the Iraq War. ” Economica 76, Table 1.1:Policy: The Case of the Iraq War. ” Economica 76, 225–250.

  18. Statement by NSC Spokesperson Caitlin Hayden on the U.S.-Iraq...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    increase of Iraq's energy supply to the global markets. Following on that meeting, today in Baghdad, Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman and Special Envoy and...

  19. START Fact Sheet START, June 2014 1 The Evolution of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Wendell T.

    -Baghdadi announced the expansion of ISI to Syria, officially rebranding the organization as the Islamic State of IraqSTART Fact Sheet © START, June 2014 1 FACT SHEET The Evolution of the Islamic State of Iraq PREVIOUSLY POSITIVE 1) The group currently known as Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL

  20. Self-Exciting Point Process Models of Civilian Deaths in Iraq Erik Lewis George Mohler P. Jeffrey Brantingham Andrea Bertozzi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferguson, Thomas S.

    Self-Exciting Point Process Models of Civilian Deaths in Iraq Erik Lewis George Mohler P. Jeffrey reports in Iraq. For this purpose we employ a branching point process model similar to those used activity, such an assumption is not valid in the context of civilian deaths in Iraq. We propose three

  1. Name * First Last Address Street Address Address Line 2 City State ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho ...

  2. Symposium Registration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho ...

  3. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    16,736 7,162 7,088 14,250 Algeria 20,873 0 3,867 15,177 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 548 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 6,676 0 0 622 0 0 0...

  4. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    6,990 12,893 Algeria 62,126 5,591 14,394 16,019 0 0 0 Indonesia 4,069 0 0 604 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 142,961 0 0 305 0 0 0 Kuwait 53,707 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 11,682 0 318...

  5. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    16,601 7,162 6,863 14,025 Algeria 20,873 0 3,867 15,177 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 548 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 6,676 0 0 622 0 0 0...

  6. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    9,574 17,765 Algeria 83,359 6,256 18,622 21,281 0 0 0 Indonesia 6,816 0 0 989 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 192,524 0 0 747 0 0 0 Kuwait 82,730 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 15,934 0 449...

  7. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    9,563 17,754 Algeria 83,359 6,256 18,622 21,212 0 0 0 Indonesia 6,816 0 0 989 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 189,657 0 0 747 0 0 0 Kuwait 78,611 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 15,934 0 449...

  8. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 114,309 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 3,600 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 10,192 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 8,930 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,350 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  9. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1,266 2,620 2,656 0 0 0 Algeria 6,290 734 1,510 227 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 9,139 0 0 305 0 0 0 Kuwait 4,231 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 612 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  10. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    1,570 1,422 980 0 329 329 Algeria 4,708 665 827 256 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 9,536 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 7,833 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,043 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  11. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    2,584 246 1,271 1,517 Algeria 6,570 665 1,231 1,486 0 0 0 Indonesia 870 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 12,100 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 8,314 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,043 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  12. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 84,797 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 2,479 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 7,742 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 7,173 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,350 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  13. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1,029 2,183 3,212 Algeria 58,368 6,256 14,755 2,002 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 989 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 142,265 0 0 747 0 0 0 Kuwait 71,849 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 6,912 0 449...

  14. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    11,425 5,903 5,809 11,712 Algeria 15,691 0 3,463 10,240 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 5,679 0 0 622 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  15. PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 117,889 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 4,118 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 11,629 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 8,930 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 1,350 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  16. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1,029 1,947 2,976 Algeria 58,886 6,256 14,755 1,933 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 989 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 140,835 0 0 747 0 0 0 Kuwait 67,730 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 6,912 0 449...

  17. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    4,016 905 1,028 1,933 Algeria 6,542 734 2,044 1,587 0 0 0 Indonesia 299 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 13,299 0 0 305 0 0 0 Kuwait 5,495 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 612 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  18. Maneki-Neko Team Description for Iran Open UAV 2013 -Teheran, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Arnoud

    Maneki-Neko Team Description for Iran Open UAV 2013 - Teheran, Iran Intelligent Autonomous Systems the competition. One of those teams was the UvA Drone Team. The Dutch team participating at the Iran Open 2013 to perception and control algorithms which leaded to this frame- work. The Iran Open 2013 gives the possibility

  19. The origin of Iraq's nuclear weapons program: Technical reality and Western hypocrisy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erkman, S; Hurni, J P; Klement, S; Erkman, Suren; Gsponer, Andre; Hurni, Jean-Pierre; Klement, Stephan

    2005-01-01

    This report is based on a series of papers written between 1980 and 2005 on the origin of Iraq's nuclear weapons program, which was known to one of the authors in the late 1970s already, as well as to a number of other physicists, who independently tried without success to inform their governments and the public. It is concluded that at no point did the Western governments effectively try to stop Iraq's nuclear weapons program, which suggests that its existence was useful as a foreign policy tool, as is confirmed by its use as a major justification to wage two wars on Iraq.

  20. Meeting report:Iraq oil ministry needs assessment workshop.3-5 Septemner 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Littlefield, Adriane C.; Pregenzer, Arian Leigh

    2006-11-01

    Representatives from the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Nuclear Security Administration, and Sandia National Laboratories met with mid-level representatives from Iraq's oil and gas companies and with former employees and senior managers of Iraq's Ministry of Oil September 3-5 in Amman, Jordan. The goals of the workshop were to assess the needs of the Iraqi Oil Ministry and industry, to provide information about capabilities at DOE and the national laboratories relevant to Iraq, and to develop ideas for potential projects.

  1. Implementation of Smart Operation Strategies for Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems for Ministries Complex in the State of Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Mulla, A.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Al-Nakib, D.; Ishaqali, H.

    2009-01-01

    The smart operation strategies were implemented for Air-Conditioning (A/C) and lighting systems to reduce the national load at Ministries Complex (MC) in the state of Kuwait. The A/C system in MC is a district cooling system that comprises of 8...

  2. Iraq liquid radioactive waste tanks maintenance and monitoring program plan.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dennis, Matthew L.; Cochran, John Russell; Sol Shamsaldin, Emad

    2011-10-01

    The purpose of this report is to develop a project management plan for maintaining and monitoring liquid radioactive waste tanks at Iraq's Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Center. Based on information from several sources, the Al-Tuwaitha site has approximately 30 waste tanks that contain varying amounts of liquid or sludge radioactive waste. All of the tanks have been non-operational for over 20 years and most have limited characterization. The program plan embodied in this document provides guidance on conducting radiological surveys, posting radiation control areas and controlling access, performing tank hazard assessments to remove debris and gain access, and conducting routine tank inspections. This program plan provides general advice on how to sample and characterize tank contents, and how to prioritize tanks for soil sampling and borehole monitoring.

  3. Distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH's) in marsh sediments, Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Saad, H.T.; Al-Timari, A.A. (Univ. of Basrah (Iraq))

    1989-12-01

    Recently there has been a growing concern in the release of harmful organics into the environment. Carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH's) are a class of compounds of interset due to their possible harmful effects to man as well as organisms. Anthropogenic PAH's may reach aquatic environment as a result of both industrial and domestic effluents, deposition of airborne particles, surface runoff and oil spillage. Having a relatively low water solubility and high affinity to sorb to the suspended particulate matter, most of the PAH's introduced to the aquatic environment tend to accumulate in bottom sediments. Sedimentary PAH's may thus provide a record of the input and history of these pollutants. Consequently, the distribution of PAH's in aquatic sediments have received considerable attention. The purpose of the present work was to establish the distribution of PAH's in the sediments of the marsh region located in southern Iraq.

  4. Examining the influence of civilian casualties on insurgent attacks in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karnis, Jessica Eve

    2006-01-01

    Although there have been several attempts to tabulate civilian casualties in the Iraq War, the effect of these casualties on the Iraqi population and insurgent organizations has not been thoroughly examined. From the ...

  5. Death before dismount? : mechanization, force employment, and counterinsurgency outcomes in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moyer, Raphael (Raphael E.)

    2011-01-01

    Recent research suggests that heavily mechanized armies perform worse in counterinsurgency campaigns than those that use fewer vehicles. The U.S. military's 2007 operations in Iraq, however, present an empirical quandary ...

  6. Preventing ballistic missile proliferation: Lessons from Iraq. Master`s thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Talay, B.J.

    1996-12-01

    This thesis examines the case of Iraq to assess the performance of the missile nonproliferation regime since 1970. By analyzing the methods used by Iraq to obtain missile systems and missile technology, this thesis assesses the ability of the international community to prevent ballistic missile proliferation. Understanding Iraq`s past capabilities as well as its post-war efforts to rebuild weapons programs and procurement networks, this thesis provides suggestions for improving the regime`s performance. This thesis finds that (1) prior to 1992, the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) failed in its attempts to prevent proliferation; (2) the existence of the MTCR, while necessary to slow proliferation, is not sufficient to prevent proliferation; and (3) additional enforcement is needed to counter weapons of mass destruction acquisition by resourceful and determined states.

  7. The development of a monitoring system for use in Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fuess, D.A.

    1996-08-12

    In April 1993, the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM), through the U.S. Department of State, requested hardware to monitor two rocket motor test stands in Iraq. The Department of Energy`s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory responded with project Dustcloud. Within two weeks of the request, LLNL delivered two video monitoring systems which were deployed to Iraq and installed at the Al Azim solid motor test site and the Al Rafah liquid engine test site, each about 75 km from Baghdad. The original request included a set of loosely defined requirements to perform remote monitoring in accordance with applicable United Nations Resolutions. The Sheraton Hotel in Baghdad was to be the site of the central monitoring station. While these first systems satisfied the original requirements, they were technically cumbersome and did not lend themselves to easy expansion, or mass production. A request for a second phase design was received in May 1994. The second phase design provided a more general solution to the monitoring requirement and extended the number of monitored facilities to a total of 25 and provided a continuous monitoring capability at a mutually agreed upon site located outside of the monitored country. The Phase II hardware was placed in service in June 1994. In both the Phase I and Phase II designs we worked against extremely tight time constraints where the schedule was driven solely by international negotiations and agreements. One result of the tight time schedules was the inability to consider a wide range of international sources for the hardware. This paper is devoted to an in depth discussion of the requirements and the hardware design.

  8. Silver pomfret (Pampus Argenteus, Euphrasen, 1788) spatial variation in Kuwait and implications for establing marine protected areas, a GIS based approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Kandari, Mohammed

    2013-08-07

    in Kuwait waters and its habitat preference was analyzed in a Geographical Information System (GIS), as a basis to design a marine protected area (MPA). The data analyzed comprised catch, maturity stage, temperature, salinity and bottom type, obtained...

  9. Fighting Iran with Trade Sanctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhala, Raj

    2014-01-01

    Prohibitions against Iranian Energy Sector ........................ 314 1. Prohibition Against Helping Iran Produce Refined Petroleum Products ................................................................................ 315 2. Prohibition Against... ................................................... 338 X. PHASE 10: 2013 DEFENSE ACT TIGHTENING ENERGY, SHIPPING, AND FINANCIAL SANCTIONS, PLUS SHIPBUILDING, PORT, AND PRECIOUS METAL SANCTIONS ...... 339 A. Novel Link Between Iranian Human Rights Abuses and American National Security...

  10. Iran-US Relations: At a New Cross Roads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pahlavi, Reva

    2009-01-01

    These are the true voice of Iran! These are the people thatYou must let the youth of Iran know that they are not alone,society. Indeed, many in Iran credit the robust movement of

  11. Sandia National Laboratories support of the Iraq Nuclear Facility Dismantlement and Disposal Program.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, John Russell; Danneels, Jeffrey John

    2009-03-01

    Because of past military operations, lack of upkeep and looting there are now enormous radioactive waste problems in Iraq. These waste problems include destroyed nuclear facilities, uncharacterized radioactive wastes, liquid radioactive waste in underground tanks, wastes related to the production of yellow cake, sealed radioactive sources, activated metals and contaminated metals that must be constantly guarded. Iraq currently lacks the trained personnel, regulatory and physical infrastructure to safely and securely manage these facilities and wastes. In 2005 the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) agreed to organize an international cooperative program to assist Iraq with these issues. Soon after, the Iraq Nuclear Facility Dismantlement and Disposal Program (the NDs Program) was initiated by the U.S. Department of State (DOS) to support the IAEA and assist the Government of Iraq (GOI) in eliminating the threats from poorly controlled radioactive materials. The Iraq NDs Program is providing support for the IAEA plus training, consultation and limited equipment to the GOI. The GOI owns the problems and will be responsible for implementation of the Iraq NDs Program. Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) is a part of the DOS's team implementing the Iraq NDs Program. This report documents Sandia's support of the Iraq NDs Program, which has developed into three principal work streams: (1) training and technical consultation; (2) introducing Iraqis to modern decommissioning and waste management practices; and (3) supporting the IAEA, as they assist the GOI. Examples of each of these work streams include: (1) presentation of a three-day training workshop on 'Practical Concepts for Safe Disposal of Low-Level Radioactive Waste in Arid Settings;' (2) leading GOI representatives on a tour of two operating low level radioactive waste disposal facilities in the U.S.; and (3) supporting the IAEA's Technical Meeting with the GOI from April 21-25, 2008. As noted in the report, there was significant teaming between the various participants to best help the GOI. On-the-ground progress is the focus of the Iraq NDs Program and much of the work is a transfer of technical and practical skills and knowledge that Sandia uses day-to-day. On-the-ground progress was achieved in July of 2008 when the GOI began the physical cleanup and dismantlement of the Active Metallurgical Testing Laboratory (LAMA) facility at Al Tuwaitha, near Baghdad.

  12. Face to Face and Street to Street: An Exploration of the Benefits and Perils of Transnational Feminist Practices for Iran’s One Million Signatures Campaign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKibben, Susan

    2010-01-01

    Keddie & R. Matthee (Eds. ), Iran and the Surrounding World.Muslim Societies: The Cases of Iran and Azerbaijan. Journal2001). Women's Strategies in Iran from the 1979 Revolution

  13. Status of Iran's nuclear program and negotiations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, David

    2014-05-09

    Iran's nuclear program poses immense challenges to international security. Its gas centrifuge program has grown dramatically in the last several years, bringing Iran close to a point where it could produce highly enriched uranium in secret or declared gas centrifuge plants before its breakout would be discovered and stopped. To reduce the risk posed by Iran's nuclear program, the P5+1 have negotiated with Iran short term limits on the most dangerous aspects of its nuclear programs and is negotiating long-term arrangements that can provide assurance that Iran will not build nuclear weapons. These long-term arrangements need to include a far more limited and transparent Iranian nuclear program. In advance of arriving at a long-term arrangement, the IAEA will need to resolve its concerns about the alleged past and possibly on-going military dimensions of Iran's nuclear program.

  14. Turkey and the Kurds -- From War to Reconciliation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kubilay, Arin

    2015-01-01

    autonomous in Northern Iraq, building state institutions inpowers - Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria - and ‘disputedautonomous in Northern Iraq, building state institutions in

  15. The Symbolic Management of Performance: Public Opinion and Attention to Performance in a Public Arena During the Iraq War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    1 The Symbolic Management of Performance: Public Opinion and Attention to Performance in a Public Arena During the Iraq War Pino G. Audia Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth College pino volume of media coverage of the Iraq War. #12;2 The Symbolic Management of Performance: Public Opinion

  16. A Nuclear Iran? Why this particular topic?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    A Nuclear Iran? #12;#12;Why this particular topic? · State Department internship · Personal · NPT (Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty) developed after WWII and Japan · IAEA (International Atomic of capacity #12;Iran's nuclear program · Initiated in 1959 · Strong ties to Russia, China and Pakistan · 2002

  17. Effects of global eustatic sea level variations and tectonism on stratigraphy of Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gawarecki, S.L.; Schamel, S.

    1986-05-01

    The stratigraphy of Iraq is marked by complex vertical and lateral facies sequences controlled predominantly by two factors: (1) eustatic sea level variations, and (2) tectonic movements. Analysis of the sedimentary cycles provides a framework for evaluating the relative economic importance of transgressive versus regressive facies within the Iraq stratigraphic succession. Most reservoir rocks, principally reefal and neritic limestones and to a lesser extent deltaic facies, were deposited during relatively high sea level stands. Source rock depositional environments in Iraq were typically either deep subsiding or shallow restricted intrashelf basins. These environments were not controlled by sea level, but primarily by local tectonics. Applying modern theories of plate tectonics and sea level control of facies to this well-studied petroleum province allows new interpretations of the region's geologic evolution.

  18. IRAN: laboratory test bench for hypertelescope pupil-plane recombination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liske, Jochen

    -apertures illuminated by laser sources are recombined using the IRAN scheme. The validation of the IRAN recombinationIRAN: laboratory test bench for hypertelescope pupil-plane recombination F. Allouchea,b, F. Vakilib-Antipolis, CNRS UMR 6525 Parc Valrose, 06108 Nice Cedex 2, France ABSTRACT In 2004, our group proposed IRAN

  19. The New Majority: A View into the Motivations and Aspirations Of Iran's Women in Higher Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kheiltash, Omid

    2013-01-01

    are  wasted   in  Iran.    Arkiv  2003.    Retrieved  Esfandiari,  G.  (2003).   Iran:  Number  of  Female  Higher  Education  in  Iran?    Presentation  at  CIES  

  20. Analysis of 15 years of skin cancer in central Iran (Yazd)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noorbala, Mohammad Taghi; Kafaie, P

    2007-01-01

    evaluation in center of Iran. Pejoohesh in medical scienceskin cancer in central Iran (Yazd) Mohammad Taghi NoorbalaScience University of Yazd, Iran. mtnoorbala@gmail.com

  1. Prevalence and Correlates of Hepatitis C Infection among Male Injection Drug Users in Detention, Tehran, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Brie?ng Paper Eight, Thedrug users (IDUS) in Mashhad, Iran. International Journal ofof Hammadan prison (Iran, 1998). Journal of Research in

  2. Limiting the Nuclear Club--Iraq, North Korea, et al. Jonathan I. Katz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Jonathan I.

    proliferation of nuclear weapons. The first conclusion is that proliferation is easy and inevitable. The secondLimiting the Nuclear Club--Iraq, North Korea, et al. Jonathan I. Katz Washington University, St development of nuclear weapons in 1949. Two plausible conclusions may be drawn from this history of the first

  3. The US Export-Import Bank: No evidence of financing restricted chemical exports to Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendelowitz, A.I.; Watson, J.E.; Wood, S.E.; Logan, D.L.; Hinojosa, S.L.

    1991-09-01

    The authors have reviewed U.S. Export-Import Bank (Eximbank) transactions involving chemicals exported to Iraq from January 1987 to August 1990. Specifically, the authors examined (1) whether there was any evidence that the Eximbank financed the export of dual-use chemicals to Iraq and (2) what the Eximbank`s role was in monitoring and controlling chemical exports. Results are based primarily on a review of documents provided to them by the Eximbank. They did not verify the Eximbank data or corroborate it with the records of the banks or exporters involved in the transactions. There was no evidence in the documents they reviewed to suggest that the Eximbank financed the export of dual-use chemicals (chemicals with both commercial and military applications that could be used for chemical weapons) -- as defined by the Department of Commerce -- to Iraq between January 1987 and August 1990. There were approximately 190 transactions between Iraq and the Eximbank during this period. They focused their review on the eight transactions involving pesticides and related products. The Eximbank has no responsibility or authority for monitoring or controlling the export of chemicals or any other commodities: the Departments of Commerce and State and the US Customs Service share those responsibilities. Nevertheless, the Eximbank has recently developed specific procedures to review applications for financing chemical exports. However, such procedures were not in place when the Eximbank approved the applications for seven of eight pesticide transactions that occurred between January 1987 and August 1990.

  4. Pacific Northwest Laboratory Gulfstream I measurements of the Kuwait oil-fire plume, July--August 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Busness, K.M.; Hales, J.M.; Hannigan, R.V.; Thorp, J.M.; Tomich, S.D.; Warren, M.J. ); Al-Sunaid, A.A. ); Daum, P.H.; Mazurek, M. )

    1992-11-01

    In 1991, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted a series of aircraft measurements to determine pollutant and radiative properties of the smoke plume from oil fires in Kuwait. This work was sponsored by the US Department emanating of Energy, in cooperation with several other agencies as part of an extensive effort coordinated by the World Meteorological Organization, to obtain a comprehensive data set to assess the characteristics of the plume and its environmental impact. This report describes field measurement activities and introduces the various data collected, but provides only limited analyses of these data. Results of further data analyses will be presented in subsequent open-literature publications.

  5. Effects of Parental Deployment on Children During Wartime: A comparison of World War Two and the Iraq/Afghanistan War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hess, Juliana

    2009-11-09

    An overview of the experiences of children and parents during deployment of a parent to military service in Iraq or Afghanistan. Based on a search of the literature and a small number of interviews with parents on the homefront....

  6. Coalition of the Leaving: What Caused the Disintegration of the Multi-National Force in Iraq (2003-2009)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantir, Cristian

    2011-04-19

    This mixed-methods dissertation investigates the countries of the Coalition of the Willing in Iraq (2003-2009) to identify the determinants of defection and of fluctuation in troop numbers. It makes theoretical contributions ...

  7. THE STATE OF THE WORLD'S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Groen, Pieter

    , Guyana, India, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Liberia, Malawi

  8. University Health Center Name The University of Georgia UGA ID # 81

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissinger, Jessica

    - Iran Myanmar Singapore Yemen Colombia Iraq Namibia Solomon Islands Zambia Comoros Japan Nauru Somalia

  9. Embargoesand Other Special Controls Part 746-page 1 Export Administration Regulations July 12, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    , and License Exceptions for countries subject to general embargoes, currently Cuba, Libya, Iran and Iraq of the EAR. (2) Iran and Iraq. While BXA maintains controls on exports and reexports to Iranand Iraq

  10. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia,...

  11. Quick View Table 1: Enrollment by Degree or Program Type Intensive English (INTO OSU)1142 INTO OSU 1142

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    Count 109 Kuwait Cultural Office56 Sultanate Of Oman Count84 Saudi Arabia ARAMCO31 Iran Count 77 Libyan

  12. Russia's Foreign Policy Toward Iran: A Critical Geopolitics Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omelicheva, Mariya Y.

    2012-01-01

    Russia’s foreign policy stance on nuclear Iran has been a subject of debate. Why has Moscow oscillated between resistance to sanctions and support for punitive measures against Iran in the meantime supplying Tehran with new arms technologies...

  13. Radioactive Waste Management and Nuclear Facility Decommissioning Progress in Iraq - 13216

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Musawi, Fouad; Shamsaldin, Emad S.; Jasim, Hadi; Cochran, John R.

    2013-07-01

    Management of Iraq's radioactive wastes and decommissioning of Iraq's former nuclear facilities are the responsibility of Iraq's Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST). The majority of Iraq's former nuclear facilities are in the Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Center located a few kilometers from the edge of Baghdad. These facilities include bombed and partially destroyed research reactors, a fuel fabrication facility and radioisotope production facilities. Within these facilities are large numbers of silos, approximately 30 process or waste storage tanks and thousands of drums of uncharacterised radioactive waste. There are also former nuclear facilities/sites that are outside of Al-Tuwaitha and these include the former uranium processing and waste storage facility at Jesira, the dump site near Adaya, the former centrifuge facility at Rashdiya and the former enrichment plant at Tarmiya. In 2005, Iraq lacked the infrastructure needed to decommission its nuclear facilities and manage its radioactive wastes. The lack of infrastructure included: (1) the lack of an organization responsible for decommissioning and radioactive waste management, (2) the lack of a storage facility for radioactive wastes, (3) the lack of professionals with experience in decommissioning and modern waste management practices, (4) the lack of laws and regulations governing decommissioning or radioactive waste management, (5) ongoing security concerns, and (6) limited availability of electricity and internet. Since its creation eight years ago, the MoST has worked with the international community and developed an organizational structure, trained staff, and made great progress in managing radioactive wastes and decommissioning Iraq's former nuclear facilities. This progress has been made, despite the very difficult implementing conditions in Iraq. Within MoST, the Radioactive Waste Treatment and Management Directorate (RWTMD) is responsible for waste management and the Iraqi Decommissioning Directorate (IDD) is responsible for decommissioning activities. The IDD and the RWTMD work together on decommissioning projects. The IDD has developed plans and has completed decommissioning of the GeoPilot Facility in Baghdad and the Active Metallurgical Testing Laboratory (LAMA) in Al-Tuwaitha. Given this experience, the IDD has initiated work on more dangerous facilities. Plans are being developed to characterize, decontaminate and decommission the Tamuz II Research Reactor. The Tammuz Reactor was destroyed by an Israeli air-strike in 1981 and the Tammuz II Reactor was destroyed during the First Gulf War in 1991. In addition to being responsible for managing the decommissioning wastes, the RWTMD is responsible for more than 950 disused sealed radioactive sources, contaminated debris from the first Gulf War and (approximately 900 tons) of naturally-occurring radioactive materials wastes from oil production in Iraq. The RWTMD has trained staff, rehabilitated the Building 39 Radioactive Waste Storage building, rehabilitated portions of the French-built Radioactive Waste Treatment Station, organized and secured thousands of drums of radioactive waste organized and secured the stores of disused sealed radioactive sources. Currently, the IDD and the RWTMD are finalizing plans for the decommissioning of the Tammuz II Research Reactor. (authors)

  14. THE BAHA'IS OF IRAN, TRANSCASPIA AND THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wintner, Shuly

    THE BAHA'IS OF IRAN, TRANSCASPIA AND THE CAUCASUS, VOLUME 1 Letters of Russian Officers and Officials Soli Shahvar, Boris Morozov and Gad Gilbar (Eds) Despite growing interest in the Baha'is of Iran of sources. The Baha'is of Iran, Transcaspia and the Caucasus will help to fill this gap by assembling

  15. Lessons from post-war Iraq for the international full-scope safeguards regime

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scheinman, L.

    1993-04-01

    The discovery after the Gulf War of the extensive Iraqi nuclear weapon program severely shook public confidence in the nuclear non-proliferation regime in general, and the safeguards program of the IAEA under the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, in particular. Iraq provided the justification for evaluating the safeguards regime under new political circumstances, so that appropriate corrective measures could be taken when necessary. It is now up to the individual states within the international system to take advantage of this opportunity.

  16. Iraq challenges sanctions, offers 4.5 million b/d developable capacity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stauffer, T.R. [Stauffer (Thomas R.), Washington, DC (United States)

    1995-04-10

    The prospective oil deals of the century were unveiled last month in Baghdad at the unlikely venue of the first international oil conference in Iraq in decades. In a dramatic twist Iraq detailed 33 oil fields that are now open for joint development with foreign partners. The productive capacity of the listed fields totals some 4.5 million b/d, and the underlying proved reserves exceed 50 billion bbl--equal to more than US and Canadian reserves combined. Reversing its prior compulsive secretiveness concerning oil affairs, the government cleared at the highest level the proposal to publicize the available resources and to offer corroborative detail. ``Four and a half million b/d is an awful lot of oil,`` noted one foreign oilman who was loath to be quoted because his company feared possible reprisals in the US. The economic bait was both clear and enticing. Iraq chose the public forum to signal to the world the gains that could accrue to the first countries that break with the US over continuing the sanctions. The paper discusses the political impacts, the substantial offerings, exploitation costs, and bypassing sanctions.

  17. The economic development of oil-exporting countries: The case of Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khalil, M.A.

    1988-01-01

    The primary objective of this study is to measure the response of Iraqi development to the influx of oil-export revenues. The study employs several econometric techniques using data from 1960 to 1980. From 1960 to 1980, Iraq achieved remarkable economic growth, a high rate of investment and employment, more equitable income distribution, a favorable balance of trade, and a stabilized economy. The 1972 government takeover of oil industries and the oil price boom of 1973 brought even more unprecedented growth and prosperity to the nation. Despite this remarkable performance however, the economic structure of Iraq remains dominated by the oil-export sector. In other words, Iraq's ability to reduce its dependence on oil revenues has been constructed because home sectors were not yet developed sufficiently to provide outputs and revenues needed by the country. Recommendations include development of policies designed to link the oil export sector with the rest of the economy, to encourage more investment by the private sector, to expand and improve the productivity of the agricultural and industrial sectors, and to develop inter-nation regional cooperatives capable of expanding the market for locally produced goods.

  18. Iran cannot have claimed to be building a thermonuclear reactor -To build a thermonuclear reactor by its own efforts is a task absolutely beyond Iran's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iran cannot have claimed to be building a thermonuclear reactor - expert To build a thermonuclear reactor by its own efforts is a task absolutely beyond Iran's strength, and reports that Iran has made

  19. Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-5.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  20. Background In March, 2003, military forces, mainly from the USA and the UK, invaded Iraq. We did a survey to compare mortality during the period of 146 months before the invasion with the 178 months after it.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chazelle, Bernard

    , invaded Iraq. We did a survey to compare mortality during the period of 14·6 months before the invasion with the 17·8 months after it. Methods A cluster sample survey was undertaken throughout Iraq during September invasion of Iraq. Violence accounted for most of the excess deaths and air strikes from coalition forces

  1. A Report on Smoking Advertising and Promotion Bans in The lslamic Republic of Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization; Ministry of Health and Medical Education Deputy of Health

    2003-01-01

    increase tobacco use in the Islamic Republic of Iran.The Islamic Republic of Iran Ministry of Health and MedicalCommittee Islamic Republic of Iran World Health Organization

  2. Half the Household Was African: Recovering the Histories of Two African Slaves in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Anthony A.

    2015-01-01

    of the Babi movement in Iran. See also, Harris, The AfricanTauris, 2005): 171. 11 In Iran, at this time, the price of aWomen in Nineteenth-Century Iran: The Life of Fezzeh Khanom

  3. Waterpipe smoking among health sciences university students in Iran: perceptions, practices and patterns of use.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghafouri, Nasim; Hirsch, Jan D; Heydari, Gholamreza; Morello, Candis M; Kuo, Grace M; Singh, Renu F

    2011-01-01

    HA, colleagues: I.R. Iran global youth tobacco survey (GYTS)www.who.int/tobacco/surveillance/Iran%20GYTS2007% 20final%sciences university students in Iran: perceptions, practices

  4. The New York Times covers "National Labs Race to Stop Iran"

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The New York Times covers "National Labs Race to Stop Iran" The New York Times covers "National Labs Race to Stop Iran" Given the stakes in the sensitive negotiations with Iran,...

  5. Comparison of biological and chemical phosphorus fertilizers on rapeseed yield in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madani, hamid; Kelarestaghi, Kioomars Bakhsh; Malboobi, Mohammad Ali

    2009-01-01

    PSB) on Potato Yield at Iran Environment. Procceding of 18Arak Islamic Azad University, Iran (Table 1) in the 2006/07Arak Islamic Azad University, Iran. Physical properties 0-30

  6. The Poetics of Commitment in Modern Persian: A Case of Three Revolutionary Poets in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alavi, Samad Josef

    2013-01-01

    1381/2003. Abrahamian, Ervand. Iran between Two Revolutions.Public Recantations in Modern Iran. Berkeley: University ofBargozideh-ye Ghazal-e Emruz-e Iran. Tehran: Mo’asseseh-ye

  7. January 30, 2016: Science on Saturday: Dealing with Iran's Nuclear...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    30, 2016 - 09:30 January 30, 2016: Science on Saturday: Dealing with Iran's Nuclear Program Speaker: Professor Frank von Hippel Princeton...

  8. Crustal Structure of Iraq from Receiver Functions and Surface Wave Dispersion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gok, R; Mahdi, H; Al-Shukri, H; Rodgers, A J

    2006-08-31

    We report the crustal structure of Iraq, located in the northeastern Arabian plate, estimated by joint inversion of P-wave receiver functions and surface wave group velocity dispersion. Receiver functions were computed from teleseismic recordings at two temporary broadband seismic stations in Mosul (MSL) and Baghdad (BHD), separated by approximately 360 km. Group velocity dispersion curves at the sites were derived from continental-scale tomography of Pasyanos (2006). The inversion results show that the crustal thicknesses are 39 km at MSL and 43 km at BHD. Both sites reveal low velocity surface layers consistent with sedimentary thickness of about 3 km at station MSL and 7 km at BHD, agreeing well with the existing models. Ignoring the sediments, the crustal velocities and thicknesses are remarkably similar between the two stations, suggesting that the crustal structure of the proto-Arabian Platform in northern Iraq was uniform before subsidence and deposition of the sediments in the Cenozoic. Deeper low velocity sediments at BHD are expected to result in higher ground motions for earthquakes.

  9. INDELIBLY DAVIS:  A Quarter-Century of UC Davis Stories...and Backstories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanderhoef, Larry N

    2015-01-01

    embassy and our support of Iraq and Saddam Hussein duringthe eight-year Iran- Iraq War—a war that stopped, as Moe

  10. Case Study: Iran, Islam, the NPT, and the Bomb

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saunders, E .

    2011-04-01

    The goals of this case study are: (1) To examine the correlation between Iran's nuclear program and clerical statements; (2) To evaluate the importance of these statements; (3) To understand the relationship between policy and fatwas (Islamic decrees); (4) To address the issue of a 'nuclear fatwa'; and (5) To examine how, if at all, Sharia (Islamic law) has influenced Iran's actions or inactions with respect to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and Iran's adherence to its IAEA Safeguards Agreements and the Additional Protocol. The Islamic Republic of Iran (hereinafter Iran) is one of two theocracies in the world, the second being Vatican City. Iran's government derives its constitutional, moral, and political legitimacy from Islam. As a result of this theocratic culture, rules are set and interpreted with a much different calibrator than that of the Western world. Islam affects all aspects of Iranian life. This is further complicated by the fact that Islam is not a nationalistic faith, in that many people all over the world believe in and adhere to Islamic principles. As a result, a political system that derives much of its fervor from being nationalistic is caught between two worlds, one within the land boundaries of Iran and the other within a faith that transcends boundaries. Thus, any understanding of Islamic law must first be understood within this delicate balance of nationalism and transcendence. Iran has found itself on the international stage concerning its nuclear program. Because Iran is a theocratic state, it is imperative to examine its political moves, speeches, rights, and obligations through the lens of Islam. This study will examine how Islam plays a role in Iran's dealing with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), its understanding of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), including parties obligations under Safeguards Agreements and the Additional Protocol, and also provide a recommendation on how to move forward in dealings with Iran based in part on an understanding of Islamic principles.

  11. Oil and gas development in Middle East in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.; Phillips, C.B.

    1988-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1987 totaled an estimated 4,500,500,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,330,137 b/d), up slightly from the revised 1986 total of 4,478,972,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic had significant increases; Kuwait and Saudi Arabia had significant decreases. Production was established for the first time in People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. New fields went on production in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, and Syria, and significant oil discoveries were reported in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic. The level of exploration increased in 1987 with new concessions awarded in some countries, drilling and seismic activities on the increase, new regions in mature areas explored for the first time, and significant reserve additions reported in new and old permits. The Iraq-Iran war still had a negative impact in some regions of the Middle East, particularly in and around the Gulf. 11 figs., 4 tabs.

  12. Biclique Cryptanalysis of the Block Cipher SQUARE Department of Information Technology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    , University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran Abstract. SQUARE, an 8-round substitution-permutation block cipher

  13. A New Appr ach to Iran o The Need for Transf rmative Diplomacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polz, Martin

    A New Appr ach to Iran o o The Need for Transf rmative Diplomacy John Tirman MIT CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDIES July 2009 Revised and Updated #12;A New Approach to Iran TABLE OF CONTENTS The Imperative > - -ii #12;A New Approach to Iran The Challenges 34 Iran and the New Approach 35 Nuclear Weapons 37

  14. Earth and Space Science The 2013 Mw 6.2 Khaki-Shonbe (Iran) Earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, John

    Earth and Space Science The 2013 Mw 6.2 Khaki-Shonbe (Iran) Earthquake: Insights into seismic Studies in Basic Sciences, Zanjan, Iran, 5Department of Geophysics, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado, USA, 6Seismotectonics Department, Geological Survey of Iran, Tehran, Iran, 7International

  15. Iran`s petroleum policy: Current trends and the future outlook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pezeshki, S.; Fesharaki, F.

    1994-12-01

    The Iranian economy and political situation have undergone radical changes since the 1979 Islamic revolution. The excesses of the early years of the revolution have gradually given way to moderation and a more pragmatic economic policy--based on the principles of the free market. The petroleum policy, as a subset of the economic policies, has been somewhat affected by the political and economic developments in Iran. The petroleum policy has changed from a position of no foreign participation to a position that includes a desire for foreign participation, the text of a model contract, and an attempt to introduce new technologies in the upstream sector. This report provides an overview of the key issues facing the Iranian oil industry and the economic context in which the oil industry is operating in Iran. It describes the evolution of policies meant to move the oil industry toward the free market; it discusses Iran`s oil trading partners, the outlook for refining and project investments, and current and likely future developments in the natural gas and petrochemical sectors. In short, the report provides an up-to-date assessment of the Iranian petroleum sector and its likely evolution in the future.

  16. A Study to Assess Needed Improvements and Barriers in Planning and Delivering Agricultural Extension Activities in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khoshnaw, Yousif Khalid

    2013-07-22

    The purpose of this study was to assess planning and delivering agricultural extension activities in the Kurdistan region of Iraq for future program implementation. The study was a descriptive research and used a modified ...

  17. Collateral Damage In Iraq and Capital Punishment in the U.S.: How the Public Makes Sense of Extreme Violence and Death

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capps, Jason Scott

    2010-07-28

    Collateral Damage in Iraq and Capital Punishment in the U.S.: How the Public Makes Sense of Extreme Violence and Death This dissertation investigates the tendencies, attitudes, beliefs, ideologies, and narratives that citizens in the Pacific...

  18. Iran: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:on OpeneiAlbanianStudy) (Webinar)LakotaIowa/WindIpswichIran:

  19. Time to pull out. And not just from Iraq. -Print Version -International Herald Tribune http://www.iht.com/bin/print_ipub.php?file=/articles/2005/07/15/opinion/eddeutch.php

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    Time to pull out. And not just from Iraq. - Print Version - International Herald Tribune http://www.iht.com/bin/print_ipub.php?file=/articles/2005/07/15/opinion/eddeutch.php Time to pull out. And not just from Iraq. John Deutch The New York. This is true whether we are acting alone, as is largely the case in Iraq, or as part of an international

  20. America and the Misshaping of a New World Order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunn, Giles; Gutiérrez-Jones, Carl

    2010-01-01

    all I heard was Bomb Iraq . . . Bomb Iran . . . or damnAssassin’s Gate: America in Iraq (New York: Farrar, Strausof the American invasion of Iraq. It would lead the “great

  1. Key Classification Attack on Block Ciphers Maghsoud Parviz, Math. Dept., Sharif University of Technology,Tehran, IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    of Technology,Tehran, IRAN maghsoudparviz@alum.sharif.ir Seyed Hassan Mousavi, Math. Dept., Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, IRAN shnmousavi_iut@yahoo.fr Saeed Mirahmadi, Pooyesh Educational Institute, Qom, IRAN

  2. COLLOQUIUM: Technical Aspects of the Iran Nuclear Deal | Princeton...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    November 6, 2015, 2:15pm to 3:30pm MBG Auditorium COLLOQUIUM: Technical Aspects of the Iran Nuclear Deal Professor Robert Goldston Princeton University Contact Information...

  3. Early Islamic architecture in Iran (637-1059) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anisi, Alireza

    2008-01-01

    This thesis discusses the architecture of early Islamic Iran (16-450/637-1059). To better understand the architectural history of this period, it is necessary to specify in detail how it took shape and to describe its ...

  4. Feasibility of Application of Modern Methods of Construction in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hashemi, Arman; Noguchi, Masa; Altan, Hasim

    2015-01-01

    Various plans and policies have been adopted by the Iranian Government to address the housing shortages in Iran. Some of these policies have been successful and some have failed dramatically deteriorating the housing conditions. Technology transfer...

  5. The role of energy sector in sustainable development in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golabi, Zanyar

    2011-01-01

    Generally speaking, both supply and use of energy in Iran are unsustainable. The unsustainable energy supply and use coupled with an unreliable and unsecure energy system have striking and lasing impacts on economic, social ...

  6. The Spatiality of Power in Internet Control and Cyberwar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashraf, Cameran Hooshang

    2015-01-01

    D. (1989). The longest war: the Iran-Iraq military conflict.2013). Internet censorship in Iran: A first look. Free andC. (2011a). Understanding Iran’s Cyberpolitical Context.

  7. On the threshold of the political: The sonic performativity of rooftop chanting in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kheshti, R

    2015-01-01

    of Rooftop Chanting in Iran Roshanak Kheshti Inja kojast? TPoem for the Rooftops of Iran: ‘Where Is This Place’,”Poema para las azoteas de Irán — 19 de junio de 2009,”

  8. Search for Impact Craters in Iran: Citizen Science as a Useful Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pourkhorsandi, Hamed

    2013-01-01

    To recognition probable impact craters in Iran, we use Google Earth data in the first step. Some probable structures identified and studies suggest non-impact origin for them. Studies on other craters in Iran are in progress.

  9. The Conditional Relationship between Risk and Return in Iran's Stock Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    The Conditional Relationship between Risk and Return in Iran's Stock Market Mahdieh Rezagholizadeh an important role in Iran's economic growth. This paper examines the factors that affect stock returns in Iran by estimating the relationship between various sources of risk -- market risk, oil price risk

  10. Ghandi & Lin 1 Do Iran's Buy-Back Service Contracts Lead to Optimal Production?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    Ghandi & Lin 1 Do Iran's Buy-Back Service Contracts Lead to Optimal Production? The Case of Soroosh oil production on Iran's offshore Soroosh and Nowrooz fields, which have been developed by Shell countries' energy policies. Among the OPEC members, Iran, with 137.6 billion barrels of proven oil reserves

  11. REVIEW OF CHAPTER 23: OLD MOSSY AND THE STRUGGLE FOR IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    REVIEW OF CHAPTER 23: OLD MOSSY AND THE STRUGGLE FOR IRAN Chapter review broken out to assert his authority. Implications for Iran's oil. Along with his attempt to extend his political control, he sought to readjust the financial ties between Iran and the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, in a similar

  12. 1 aot 2005 Rapport de mission CIMPA en Iran, juillet 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    1 août 2005 Rapport de mission CIMPA en Iran, juillet 2005 Je suis allé en Iran du 8 au 23 juillet. Malgré ces absences la participation de jeunes mathématiciens en dehors de l'Iran a été convenable (même

  13. The Forgotten Schools The Baha'is and Modern Education in Iran, 18991934

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wintner, Shuly

    The Forgotten Schools The Baha'is and Modern Education in Iran, 1899­1934 Soli ShahvarTAURIS ACADEMIC STUDIES By the end of the nineteenth century it became evident to Iran's ruling Qajar elite in Iran as early as the 1830s, these were limited mainly to Christian areas and communities and were far

  14. Some insight on why Bam (Iran) was destroyed by an earthquake of relatively moderate size

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    Some insight on why Bam (Iran) was destroyed by an earthquake of relatively moderate size Michel March 2006; accepted 29 March 2006; published 13 May 2006. [1] The Bam (Iran) earthquake of 2003. Hatzfeld, J. A. Jackson, and E. Haghshenas (2006), Some insight on why Bam (Iran) was destroyed

  15. Seismic imaging of the lithospheric structure of the Zagros mountain belt (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    Seismic imaging of the lithospheric structure of the Zagros mountain belt (Iran) ANNE PAUL1*, DENIS International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran 3 Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), PO Box 45195-1159, Zanjan, Iran *Corresponding author (e-mail: Anne

  16. Visit in Iran from August 23 to September 6, 2003 Michel Waldschmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    Visit in Iran from August 23 to September 6, 2003 by Michel Waldschmidt Introduction. In August of Mathematicians). There I met the representatives of Iran, Dr Mehdi Behzad, President of the Iranian Mathematical to Iran to go there. She helped me to contact the Director of this institute, Professor Youssef Sobuti

  17. GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1 , F. Masson2 Department, National Cartographic Centre, PO Box 13185­1684, Meraj Ave, Tehran, Iran e-mail: f and Seismology, Farmanieh, Dibaji, Arghavan St., No. 27, 19531 Tehran, Iran Received: 22 July 2002 / Accepted: 26

  18. Phytologia (December 2011) 93(3)316 IDENTIFICATON OF THE ELBURZ MOUNTAINS, IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (December 2011) 93(3)316 IDENTIFICATON OF THE ELBURZ MOUNTAINS, IRAN JUNIPER and Rangelands, Box 13185-116, Tehran, Iran ABSTRACT The utilization of 3,714 bp from four gene regions (nr the Elburz Mtns., Iran as Juniperus polycarpos var. polycarpos, not J. excelsa. The combined NJ tree (3

  19. Extension in NW Iran driven by the motion of the South Caspian Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    Extension in NW Iran driven by the motion of the South Caspian Basin F. Masson a,, Y. Djamour b , S, Iran c International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Farmanieh, Dibaji, Arghavan St., N° 27, 19531 Tehran, Iran d Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts

  20. Deciphering oblique shortening of central Alborz in Iran using geodetic data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    Deciphering oblique shortening of central Alborz in Iran using geodetic data Ph. Vernanta,*, F 13185-1684, Meraj Av., Tehran, Iran Received 27 January 2004; received in revised form 16 April 2004 accommodates the differential motion between the Sanandaj­Sirjan zone in central Iran and the South Caspian

  1. NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 10 | JULY 2014 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 465 Science diplomacy in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    in Iran Warren E. Pickett, Anthony J. Leggett and Paul C. W. Chu Iranian scientists are growing increasingly isolated because of political tensions between Iran and the West. We attempt to alleviate been unwelcome during most of the ensuing 35 years. The strained political relationship between Iran

  2. Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simons, Mark

    Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the origin of shallow slip on seismogenic faults. We derive the full vector displacement field due to the Bam, Iran, earthquake of moment on deformation associated with the Mw Ľ 6.5 Bam earthquake in Iran determined using the SAR data from the ERS

  3. Nowzari et al. Habitat Associations of Persian Wild Ass in Iran HABITAT ASSOCIATIONS OF PERSIAN WILD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubenstein, Daniel I.

    25 Nowzari et al. · Habitat Associations of Persian Wild Ass in Iran HABITAT ASSOCIATIONS OF PERSIAN WILD ASS (EQUUS HEMIONUS ONAGER) IN QA- TROUYEH NATIONAL PARK, IRAN HANIYEH NOWZARI, Department of Environment, Abadeh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abadeh, Iran. Address: No.475, 90 alley, Ghasrodasht Av

  4. Phytologia (August 2012) 94(2) 219 TAXONOMY OF JUNIPERUS IN IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (August 2012) 94(2) 219 TAXONOMY OF JUNIPERUS IN IRAN: INSIGHT FROM DNA SEQUENCING_Adams@baylor.edu and Fatemeh Hojjati Dept. of Plant Sciences, University of Tehran, Box 14155-6455, Tehran, Iran ABSTRACT that junipers from the southern mountain ranges of Iran are very diverse. The combined NJ tree (3,705 bp) showed

  5. Low fault friction in Iran implies localized deformation for the ArabiaEurasia collision zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    Low fault friction in Iran implies localized deformation for the Arabia­Eurasia collision zone P velocity field of the present-day deformation in Iran is modeled using a 3-dimensional (3D) finite element of the kinematics in Iran, but the complex velocity field of the surrounding South Caspian basin cannot be fitted

  6. Barred from college in Iran, Moorpark resident excels at studies in the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angles, University of

    Barred from college in Iran, Moorpark resident excels at studies in the U.S. Putting his faith to the United States because of religious descrimination. Sattar Khoshkhoo came to the United States from Iran'i faith. #12;His family had been living a comfortable life in Iran, his dad working as a dentist, his mom

  7. Detrital zircon provenance of Neoproterozoic to Cenozoic deposits in Iran: Implications for chronostratigraphy and collisional tectonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horton, Brian K.

    Detrital zircon provenance of Neoproterozoic to Cenozoic deposits in Iran: Implications 14155-6455, Tehran, Iran d Department of Geology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA e provenance history of Iran. The results place improved chronological constraints on the age of earliest

  8. Sedimentology, diagenesis, and oil habitat of Lower Cretaceous Qamchuqa Group, Northern Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al Shdidi, S.; Thomas, G.; Delfaud, J. [Avenue de l`Universite, Pau (France)

    1995-05-01

    The Zagros basin (Iraq) constitutes a rich petroleum province. The Lower Cretaceous Qamchuqa Group comprises on of its major reservoirs. Data from about 30 wells, drilled in a limited sector corresponding to a northwest-southeast anticlinal structure situated in the Kirkuk region, permit analysis of serveral sedimentological and diagenetic events that led to the formation of this reservoir. Facies changes took place and divided the structure into three parts: the northwestern part in which neritic facies dominate, the central part in which basinal influence is considerable, and the southeastern part that shows basinal mudstone type facies. The Lower Cretaceous carbonate platform in the northwestern part of the study area displays good primary porosity. During the course of burial, high secondary porosity related to dolomitization appeared. However, a major part of the porosity was produced when the reservoir was fractured during the Priabonian after the collision between the Arabian and Eurasian plates. Lopatin`s method suggests that organic matter maturation started during the Turonian (around 90 MA), whereas most of the maturation developed during the Miocene due to the rapid accumulation of foreland basin sediments containing evaporite facies (lower Fars Formation) followed by the accumulation of thick upper molasse-type sediments from the erosion of the Zagros Mountains. The accumulation of sediments enhanced the total tectonic subsidence. During this period, the relatively brief time spent by the source rock in a given temperature interval was compensated for by a rapid rise in temperature. This late thermal maturation period controlled most of the transformation of the organic matter into hydrocarbons.

  9. The Khopik porphyry copper prospect, Lut Block, Eastern Iran: Geology, alteration and mineralization, fluid inclusion, and oxygen isotope studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraus, Mary

    The Khopik porphyry copper prospect, Lut Block, Eastern Iran: Geology, alteration.R. Stern b a Research Center for Ore Deposits of Eastern Iran, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran b and mineralization Microthermometry Stable isotope The Khopik porphyry copper (Au, Mo) prospect in Eastern Iran

  10. Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4)288 Leaf essential oils of Juniperus in central and southern Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4)288 Leaf essential oils of Juniperus in central and southern Iran Tehran 14115-154, Iran. ABSTRACT Leaf essential oils from Juniperus from southern Iran were analyzed oils from southern Iran were mainly in two groups: high cedrol (cf. J. excelsa, J. polycarpos and J

  11. Iranian Journal of Science & Technology, Transaction A, Vol. 32, No. A3 Printed in the Islamic Republic of Iran, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Peter K.N.

    Republic of Iran, 2008 © Shiraz University DOSE RESPONSE OF IRRADIATED XRCT RADIOCHROMIC FILM* M. J. BUTSON

  12. International initiative to engage Iraq's science and technology community : report on the priorities of the Iraqi science and technology community.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Littlefield, Adriane C.; Munir, Ammar M. (Arab Science and Technology Foundation, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates); Alnajjar, Abdalla Abdelaziz (Arab Science and Technology Foundation, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates); Pregenzer, Arian Leigh

    2004-05-01

    This report describes the findings of the effort initiated by the Arab Science and Technology Foundation and the Cooperative Monitoring Center at Sandia National Laboratories to identify, contact, and engage members of the Iraqi science and technology (S&T) community. The initiative is divided into three phases. The first phase, the survey of the Iraqi scientific community, shed light on the most significant current needs in the fields of science and technology in Iraq. Findings from the first phase will lay the groundwork for the second phase that includes the organization of a workshop to bring international support for the initiative, and simultaneously decides on an implementation mechanism. Phase three involves the execution of outcomes of the report as established in the workshop. During Phase 1 the survey team conducted a series of trips to Iraq during which they had contact with nearly 200 scientists from all sections of the country, representing all major Iraqi S&T specialties. As a result of these contacts, the survey team obtained over 450 project ideas from Iraqi researchers. These projects were revised and analyzed to identify priorities and crucial needs. After refinement, the result is approximately 170 project ideas that have been categorized according to their suitability for (1) developing joint research projects with international partners, (2) engaging Iraqi scientists in solving local problems, and (3) developing new business opportunities. They have also been ranked as to high, medium, or low priority.

  13. Mobile on-site sample collection, preparation, and analysis in Iraq. Final report, January-April 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swahn, I.D.; Brzezinski, J.H.

    1996-11-01

    The U.S. Army Edgewood Research, Development and Engineering Center has developed mobile on-site sample collection, preparation, and analysis equipment to collect environmental samples in highly contaminated areas. This equipment is being used by the United Nations Special Commission at the Baghdad Monitoring and Verification Center (BMVC), which provides long-term monitoring of dual-purpose chemical sites in Iraq, especially those with potential for chemical warfare (CW) production. A mobile laboratory was set-up in the BMVC to prepare and analyze samples collected throughout Iraq. Automatic air samplers were installed at various sites to collect vapor samples on absorption tubes that were analyzed using a gas chromatographic (GC) flame photometric detector (FPD). Mobile sample collection kits were used to collect solid, liquid, air, and wipe samples during challenge inspections. These samples were prepared using a sample preparation kit, which concentrates CW agent, breakdown products, and their precursors in complex matrices down to sub part per million levels for chemical analysis by a GC mass selective detector (MSD). This report describes the problems and solutions encountered with setting up a self-sufficient mobile analytical laboratory. Details of the various components associated with the laboratory and the collection kits are included.

  14. The kinematics of the Zagros Mountains (Iran) D. HATZFELD1*, C. AUTHEMAYOU24, P. VAN DER BEEK5, O. BELLIER2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    The kinematics of the Zagros Mountains (Iran) D. HATZFELD1*, C. AUTHEMAYOU2­4, P. VAN DER BEEK5, O Survey of Iran, PO Box 13185-1494, Tehran, Iran 8 International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, PO Box 19395/3913, Tehran, Iran 9 National Cartographic Center, PO Box 13185/1684, Tehran, Iran

  15. Rana Novini ATOC 3500 Open-air pits are used to burn garbage and other wastes at bases in Iraq and Afghanistan that lack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    /aluminum cans Munitions and other unexploded ordnance Petroleum and lubricant products Plastics and styrofoam across the country have filed numerous lawsuits which have been consolidated in the United States, National Guard personnel, contract employees and others serving our country in Iraq and/or Afghanistan

  16. Nuclear proliferation: Learning from the Iraq experience. Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, October 17 and 23, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    Most of this hearings record is devoted to brief statements to the committee and prepared statements submitted for the record by: (1) Dr. David Kay, Deputy Leader, IAEA Action Team for Nuclear Inspections; and (2) Dr. Hans Blix, Director General, IAEA. Dr. Kay spent considerable time in Iraq during the seven IAEA inspections of Iraqi facilities between May 14-23, 1991 and October 11-21, 1991. He says (1) it is overwhelmingly clear that Iraq had a clandestine nuclear weapons program of considerable breadth; and (2) there is a very high probability that Iraq is still withholding information from the inspection effort of the IAEA. He concludes that IAEA, with firm backing of the U.N. Security Council and a minimum of constraints, has a substantial proven capacity to carry out inspections. Dr. Blix reviews briefly the history of the IAEA inspection effort, starting with the 1950s' Atoms for Peace Program. He emphasizes that the one factor that enabled IAEA inspectors to find out in 5 months in Iraq what had not been uncovered in 10 years, was intelligence information; further, IAEA will make special efforts in the future to obtain such intelligence information.

  17. Land and Revolution in Iran, 1960-1980. By Eric J. Hooglund. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982. Pp. xvii+191. Notes, bibliography, and index. $19.95

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moshiri, Farrokh

    1984-01-01

    S 1960-1980. By Eric in Iran, J. Hooglund. Austin: 1982. Pp.Hooglund's Land and Revolution Iran, in valuable addition toobjective economic, and Iran (1960), and a few articles in

  18. Groundwater depletion in the Middle East from GRACE with implications for transboundary water management in the Tigris-Euphrates-Western Iran region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voss, Katalyn A; Famiglietti, James S; Lo, MinHui; de Linage, Caroline; Rodell, Matthew; Swenson, Sean C

    2013-01-01

    in Marand Plain, Northwest Iran, Iranian Int. J. Sci. , 6(2008), Land subsidence in Iran caused by wide- spread waterTigris-Euphrates-Western Iran region, Water Resour. Res. ,

  19. Groundwater monitoring program plan and conceptual site model for the Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Center in Iraq.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Copland, John Robin; Cochran, John Russell

    2013-07-01

    The Radiation Protection Center of the Iraqi Ministry of Environment is developing a groundwater monitoring program (GMP) for the Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Center located near Baghdad, Iraq. The Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Center was established in about 1960 and is currently being cleaned-up and decommissioned by Iraq's Ministry of Science and Technology. This Groundwater Monitoring Program Plan (GMPP) and Conceptual Site Model (CSM) support the Radiation Protection Center by providing:A CSM describing the hydrogeologic regime and contaminant issues,recommendations for future groundwater characterization activities, anddescriptions of the organizational elements of a groundwater monitoring program. The Conceptual Site Model identifies a number of potential sources of groundwater contamination at Al-Tuwaitha. The model also identifies two water-bearing zones (a shallow groundwater zone and a regional aquifer). The depth to the shallow groundwater zone varies from approximately 7 to 10 meters (m) across the facility. The shallow groundwater zone is composed of a layer of silty sand and fine sand that does not extend laterally across the entire facility. An approximately 4-m thick layer of clay underlies the shallow groundwater zone. The depth to the regional aquifer varies from approximately 14 to 17 m across the facility. The regional aquifer is composed of interfingering layers of silty sand, fine-grained sand, and medium-grained sand. Based on the limited analyses described in this report, there is no severe contamination of the groundwater at Al-Tuwaitha with radioactive constituents. However, significant data gaps exist and this plan recommends the installation of additional groundwater monitoring wells and conducting additional types of radiological and chemical analyses.

  20. Mission en Iran du 23 Aot au 6 septembre 2003 Michel Waldschmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    Mission en Iran du 23 Août au 6 septembre 2003 Michel Waldschmidt Introduction. En août 2002 je (ICM 2002). Lors de cette Assemblée Générale à Shanghai j'ai rencontré les représentants de l'Iran, Le'Institute for Advanced Study in Basic Science (IASBS) de Zanjan, et qui m'a recommandé de profiter de mon voyage en Iran

  1. Yeki bud, yeki nabud: Essays on the Archaeoogy of Iran in Honor of William M. Sumner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2003-01-01

    Society in the Southern Zagros Mountains, Iran. In Chie?iomssystem is evident in the Zagros by the Zarzian. Jlichaclof Pastoralism in the Central Zagros Highlands (Luristan).

  2. International Journal of Forest, Soil and Erosion (IJFSE) Vol. 3 No.1 February 2013 Shabestar, I. R. Iran | 45

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mencuccini, Maurizio

    . Iran | 45 Int. J. Forest, Soil and Erosion, 2013 3(1): 45-53 ISSN 2251-6387 © February 2013, GHB's Journals, IJFSE, Shabestar, Iran Research Paper Short-term effects of site preparation practices

  3. New constraints in absorptive capacity and the optimum rate of petroleum output

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Mallakh, R

    1980-01-01

    Economic policy in four oil-producing countries is analyzed within a framework that combines a qualitative assessment of the policy-making process with an empirical formulation based on historical and current trends in these countries. The concept of absorptive capacity is used to analyze the optimum rates of petroleum production in Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. A control solution with an econometric model is developed which is then modified for alternative development strategies based on analysis of factors influencing production decisions. The study shows the consistencies and inconsistencies between the goals of economic growth, oil production, and exports, and the constraints on economic development. Simulation experiments incorporated a number of the constraints on absorptive capacity. Impact of other constraints such as income distribution and political stability is considered qualitatively. (DLC)

  4. Lithostratigraphy and environmental considerations of Cenomanian-Early Turonian shelf carbonates (Rumaila and Mishrif Formations) of Mesopotamian basin, middle and southern Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sherwani, G.H.M.; Aqrawi, A.A.M.

    1987-05-01

    Rumaila and Mishrif Formations form the major part of the Cenomanian early Turonian deposits of middle and southern Iraq. The Rumaila Formation consists of lithographic chalky limestone at the lower part and marly limestone and marl at the upper part. The formation represents deep off-shelf deposits, whereas the overlying Mishrif Formation is composed of various types of shallow-shelf carbonates such as rudist-bearing patchy reefs and lagoonal and off-shelf limestones. An environmental model is suggested to delineate the stratigraphic relationships between the above mentioned two formations and to correlate them with their equivalents in central Iraq (i.e., Mahilban, Fahad, and Maotsi Formations). The gradational contact between the two formations and the intertonguing with their equivalents are considered to be the most important stratigraphic phenomena.

  5. Stopping the emergence of nuclear weapon states in the Third World: An examination of the Iraq weapons inspection program. Study project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Block, D.A.

    1993-01-31

    The end of the Gulf War and the implementation of United Nation (UN) resolutions uncovered an Iraqi multi-billion dollar nuclear weapons program. Iraq's ability to pursue this clandestine program for more than a decade, despite periodic inspections, suggest that the myriad of treaties and agreements designed to curb proliferation may be inadequate. Clearly more must be done to deter and counter the spread of these deadly weapon. The UN weapons inspections in Iraq provide insight into possible solutions to the proliferation of nuclear weapons technology in the developing world. This study examines the policy and operational aspects associated with an intrusive United Nations inspection program. In its final analysis, this paper suggests that an effective challenge inspection program is a necessary element in countering the spread of weapons of mass destruction. Further, it suggests that the UN, as the only internationally accepted enforcement organization, be fully engaged in nonproliferation issues and support the challenge inspection program.

  6. Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the origin of shallow slip deficit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fialko, Yuri

    Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the origin of shallow slip (Iran) earth- quake using radar data from the Envisat satellite of the European Space Agency. Analysis. In this paper we report on deformation associated with the Mw6.5 Bam (Iran) earthquake determined using

  7. The vertical separation of mainshock rupture and microseismicity at Qeshm island in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, John

    -and-thrust belt, Iran E. Nissen a, , F. Yamini-Fard b , M. Tatar b , A. Gholamzadeh b,1 , E. Bergman c , J Engineering and Seismology, PO Box 19395-3913, Tehran, Iran c Department of Physics, University of Colorado rights reserved. 1. Introduction The Zagros mountains in south-western Iran are one of the most rapidly

  8. Submitted to HuffingtonPost.com Obama's Iran Nuclear Deadline: A Grand Bargain is Still Possible if Both Sides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Submitted to HuffingtonPost.com Obama's Iran Nuclear Deadline: A Grand Bargain is Still Possible Obama and Secretary of State Clinton have promised "crippling" new sanctions will be imposed on Iran by year's end if Iran does not seriously engage in negotiations on its nuclear activities. Tehran clearly

  9. Shear-wave splitting, lithospheric anisotropy, and mantle deformation beneath the ArabiaEurasia collision zone in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    ­Eurasia collision zone in Iran Ayoub Kaviani a,b,c , Denis Hatzfeld c, , Anne Paul c , Mohammad Tatar b , Keith Priestley d a Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, P.O. Box 45195-1159, Zanjan, Iran b International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, P.O. Box 19395-3913, Tehran, Iran c

  10. Home Range and Habitat Selection of the Endangered Euphrates Softshell Turtle Rafetus euphraticus in a Fragmented Habitat in Southwestern Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plummer, Michael V.

    in a Fragmented Habitat in Southwestern Iran HANYEH GHAFFARI 1,4, *, FLORA IHLOW 2,4 , MICHAEL V. PLUMMER 3 University, Tehran, Iran [ghaffari.hanyeh@gmail.com; mkarami@ut.ac.ir; khorasan@ut.ac.ir; barbodsafaei Regulating Dam Lake in southwestern Iran. Twelve adult turtles were trapped, fitted with radio

  11. S0june 2007State of the Climate in 2006 | of Iran were up to 8C cooler than normal during

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Lisan

    S0june 2007State of the Climate in 2006 | of Iran were up to 8°C cooler than normal during December. Snow and cold weather penetrated north- ern Iran, with heavy rainfall in eastern and southern Iran, precipitation totals were normal to above normal in much of Iran during autumn 2006. (v) Significant weather

  12. To Appear in Middle East Economic Survey (MEES)-Op-Ed http://www.mees.com/cms/ China's Angst over Iran Sanctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Iran Sanctions Beijing's go-it-alone oil security could fail during any U.S.-Iran conflict Thomas W O "targeted" sanctions on Iran's nuclear program. This is a significant change. For many years, China has fifty percent of its imported oil now comes from the Persian Gulf, and any U.S.-Iran clash could

  13. Transitions in domestic architecture and home culture in twentieth century Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karimi, Z. Pamela (Zahra Pamela)

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation explores the transformation of the Iranian home in twentieth century Iran. While surveying the socio political underpinnings and aesthetic ends of domesticity in Iranian culture from the early twentieth ...

  14. Imaging topographic growth by long-lived postseismic afterslip at Sefidabeh, east Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copley, Alex; Reynolds, Kirsty

    2014-02-25

    This paper describes observations and models of the postseismic deformation following the 1994 Sefidabeh earthquake sequence in east Iran, which shed light on the nature of the earthquake cycle and the mechanisms of topographic growth in the region...

  15. On the Dialectic of Silence: Klee, Kahn, and the Space of Transversal Modernity in Iran 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baradaran Mohajeri, Shima

    2013-12-09

    This dissertation connects the cultural theory of space with specific aesthetic and architectural practices in the history of modernism that are entangled with the past and present of Iran, its artifacts, and its politics. As a response to different...

  16. Turkey and the Kurds -- From War to Reconciliation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kubilay, Arin

    2015-01-01

    Studies Working Paper Series Turkey and the Kurds – From Warwith regional powers - Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria - and ‘the state boundaries of Turkey. The  Berkeley  Center  for  

  17. Harvard Export Control Compliance Policy Statement Harvard University investigators engage in a broad range of innovative and important

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodrich, Lisa V.

    security; lasers and sensors; navigation and avionics materials; marine-related materials; and propulsion of economic embargoes against countries, currently including Burma (Myanmar), Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North

  18. Part VII: Section J: List of Documents, Exhibits, and Other Attachment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AzerbaiJan Belarus China (People's Republic of China ) Cuba - Terrorist Georgia India Iran - Terrorist Iraq Israel Kazakhstan North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) -...

  19. Request for Proposal No. DE-SOL-0008418 Section J, Appendix D

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Azerbaijan Belarus China (People's Republic of China) Cuba Georgia Hong Kong India Iran Iraq Israel Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Libya Moldova North Korea (Democratic People's...

  20. Part VII: Section J - List of Documents, Exhibits, and Other...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AzerbaiJan Belarus China (People's Republic of China ) Cuba - Terrorist Georgia India Iran - Terrorist Iraq Israel Kazakhstan North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) -...

  1. This article was downloaded by:[Kuwait University] [Kuwait University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    standards: the case of axalant', International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, 1 - 17 To linkJH, UK International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing Publication details, including://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~content=t713804665 Combining workflow and PDM based on the workflow management coalition and STEP standards: the case

  2. Kuwait City, Kuwait: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar HydroElectric Cooperative JumpKotakKut Energy Pvt Ltd

  3. Regional Impact of an Elevated Heat Source: The Zagros Plateau of Iran BENJAMIN F. ZAITCHIK, JASON P. EVANS, AND RONALD B. SMITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Jason

    Regional Impact of an Elevated Heat Source: The Zagros Plateau of Iran BENJAMIN F. ZAITCHIK, JASON in the north, the Taurus Moun- tains of Turkey, and the Zagros Plateau in Iran. Inter- secting atmospheric

  4. Exhumation History of the Alam Kuh Area, Central Alborz Mountains, Northern Iran: Implications for Caspian subsidence and Collision-Related Tectonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Mark

    Exhumation History of the Alam Kuh Area, Central Alborz Mountains, Northern Iran: Implications, University of Tehran, Iran Abstract. Crystallization and thermal histories of two plutons in the northwestern Alborz (also Elburz, Elburs) Mountains, northern Iran were obtained by U/Pb, 40 Ar/39 Ar, and (U

  5. A program for reducing teacher's resistance to changes in curriculum in centralized education systems. An experience on changes of mathematics text books in Iran based on distinction results.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    systems. An experience on changes of mathematics text books in Iran based on distinction results. Zohreh systems are prepared from an upper-stream reference and hand over teachers' disposal . Curricula in Iran as Polya had said. And so curricula developers in Iran tried to integrate Polya's method in math books

  6. The 3-stage evolution of the Angouran Zn "oxide"-sulfide deposit, Iran Fakultt Chemie, Technische Universitt Mnchen, Germany albert.gilg@geo.tum.de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boni, Maria

    The 3-stage evolution of the Angouran Zn "oxide"-sulfide deposit, Iran H.A. Gilg Fakultät Chemie@unina.it F. Moore Geological Department, University Shiraz, Iran moor@geology.susc.ac.ir Keywords: Angouran, Iran, sulfide, MVT, smithsonite, hypogene, supergene ABSTRACT: The giant Angouran Zn-Pb deposit (Zanjan

  7. Distribution of the right-lateral strikeslip motion from the Main Recent Fault to the Kazerun Fault System (Zagros, Iran): Evidence from present-day GPS velocities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    Fault System (Zagros, Iran): Evidence from present-day GPS velocities F. Tavakoli a,b , A. Walpersdorf a Center, Meraj Ave. Azadi Sq., P.O.Box 13185-1684, Tehran, Iran c CEREGE, CNRS, Université Aix-Marseille-3 Institute for Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, P.O. Box 19395/3913, Tehran, Iran e Institut de

  8. in this issuewe offer commentary on the Iran nuclear negotiations and a Q&A about the New Horizons mission to Pluto (below); the From The Faculty Chair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    in this issuewe offer commentary on the Iran nuclear negotiations and a Q&A about the New Horizons/October 2015 http://web.mit.edu/fnl Massachusetts Institute of Technology continued on page 8 Iran and the P5.S., China, Russia, France,UK,and Germany) and Iran,with respect to non-proliferation of nuclear weapons

  9. Rhetoric, World-view, and Strategy in United States National Security Strategy Documents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cram, Travis J.

    2014-08-31

    .................................................................................................... 102 Conclusion & Implications ..................................................................................................... 107 Chapter 5: An Axis of One: The Problem of Evil in Bush’s Iran Strategy. ............................... 111... Beyond Iraq: Iran as the Representative Anecdote ................................................................. 114 The Axis of Evil...

  10. a monthly publication of outreach and international affairs volume 2, issue 12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with the Islamic State had taken surprise aim at the region's capital and more than 1,700 people had been killed IRAQ SYRIA Baghdad Irbil Kirkuk Mosul IRAN TURKEY Iraqi Kurdistan Region #12;common across Iraq, but we group from Iraq's northern Kurdish region traveled to study at Virginia Tech this summer, their home

  11. Paleoearthquakes of the past 30,000 years along the North Tehran Fault (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Nazari,1,2 S. Balescu,3 M. Lamothe,4 R. Salamati,5 A. Ghassemi,5 A. Shafei,5 M. Ghorashi,2 and A. Saidi2. Ghorashi, and A. Saidi (2012), Paleoearthquakes of the past 30,000 years along the North Tehran Fault (Iran

  12. Iran-United States Claims Tribunal Precedent in Investor-State Arbitration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, Christopher S.; Drahozal, Christopher R.

    2006-01-01

    decisional law); and (iv) the merits or instructive value of the prior tribunal's reasoning in reaching its decision - hence, its exposition of the law. Applying these factors to the jurisprudence of the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal demonstrates the importance...

  13. Mineralogical Characteristics of Specimens of a Meteorwrong Fall from NW Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pourkhorsandi, Hamed

    2014-01-01

    In the early hours of October 22, 2011, people of a small town in NW Iran, called Khameneh (38{\\deg}11'47" N, 45{\\deg}38'14" E) noticed sounds of some colliding objects to home roofs and yard floors. Mineralogical investigations revealed the terrestrial and man-made origin of these stony samples.

  14. Late Cenozoic partitioning of oblique plate convergence in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Late Cenozoic partitioning of oblique plate convergence in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt (Iran 2 May 2006. [1] The NW trending Zagros fold-and-thrust belt is affected by two major dextral faults operating at the rear of the belt has become partitioned along the newly formed Main Recent Fault

  15. Landmarks of the Persian Renaissance : monumental funerary architecture in Iran and Central Asia in the tenth and eleventh centuries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michailidis, Melanie

    2007-01-01

    This dissertation investigates the sudden proliferation of mausolea in Iran and Central Asia in the tenth and eleventh centuries and how their patrons, who were secular rulers of Iranian descent, drew on the pre-Islamic ...

  16. Cultivat(ing) modernities : the Society for National Heritage, political propaganda and public architecture in twentieth-century Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigor, Talinn, 1972-

    2005-01-01

    Beginning in 1922, under the auspices of the Pahlavi dynasty of Iran, the tombs of selected historical figures were systematically destroyed to make way for modern mausoleums erected as metaphors for an "Aryan" nation in ...

  17. Evidence-based spatial intervention for regeneration of deteriorating urban areas, a case of study from Tehran, Iran 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rismanchian, Omid

    2012-06-27

    Throughout the urban development process over the last seven decades in Tehran, the capital city of Iran, many self-generated neighbourhoods have developed in which the majority of the residents are low-income families. ...

  18. A new species of Chiasmognathus from Iran, with a note on Chiasmognathus aegyptiacus in Israel (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Michael S.

    2008-01-01

    A new species of the rare cleptoparasitic bee genus Chiasmognathus ENGEL (Ammobatini) is described and figured from a female collected in northwestern Iran. Chiasmognathus rhag ae sp. n. is generally similar to C. orientanus (WARNCKE) (Bulgaria...

  19. The divine hand of the state? : how religion has influenced social policies for the poor in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manouchehrifar, Babak

    2015-01-01

    As a paramount concern in development planning, poverty alleviation encompasses a variety of agents and actions, depending on the larger context of organizations and political economy within which it is embedded. Iran has ...

  20. ‘I am the brave hero and this land is mine’: popular music and youth identity in post-revolutionary Iran 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steward, Theresa Parvin

    2013-10-02

    Over the past decade, popular music in Iran has steadily gained recognition beyond its borders. The Western media has increasingly provided an idealised and romanticised view of music-making in the Iranian underground. ...

  1. Iran and the Boomeranging Cartoon Wars: Can Public Spheres At Risk Ally With Public Spheres Yet to be Achieved?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Michael M. J.

    Twelve cartoons, published in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten in September 2005, nine cartoons published in the Tehran newspaperIran in May 2006, and two hundred eighty-two cartoons curated in Tehran in September 2006 ...

  2. Optimization and life-cycle cost of health clinic PV system for a rural area in southern Iraq using HOMER software

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Karaghouli, Ali; Kazmerski, L.L. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 1617 Cole Blvd., Golden, CO 80401 (United States)

    2010-04-15

    This paper addresses the need for electricity of rural areas in southern Iraq and proposes a photovoltaic (PV) solar system to power a health clinic in that region. The total daily health clinic load is 31.6 kW h and detailed loads are listed. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) optimization computer model for distributed power, ''HOMER,'' is used to estimate the system size and its life-cycle cost. The analysis shows that the optimal system's initial cost, net present cost, and electricity cost is US$ 50,700, US$ 60,375, and US$ 0.238/kW h, respectively. These values for the PV system are compared with those of a generator alone used to supply the load. We found that the initial cost, net present cost of the generator system, and electricity cost are US$ 4500, US$ 352,303, and US$ 1.332/kW h, respectively. We conclude that using the PV system is justified on humanitarian, technical, and economic grounds. (author)

  3. Metallography and microstructure interpretation of some archaeological tin bronze vessels from Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oudbashi, Omid; Davami, Parviz

    2014-11-15

    Archaeological excavations in western Iran have recently revealed a significant Luristan Bronzes collection from Sangtarashan archaeological site. The site and its bronze collection are dated to Iron Age II/III of western Iran (10th–7th century BC) according to archaeological research. Alloy composition, microstructure and manufacturing technique of some sheet metal vessels are determined to reveal metallurgical processes in western Iran in the first millennium BC. Experimental analyses were carried out using Scanning Electron Microscopy–Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy and Optical Microscopy/Metallography methods. The results allowed reconstructing the manufacturing process of bronze vessels in Luristan. It proved that the samples have been manufactured with a binary copper–tin alloy with a variable tin content that may relates to the application of an uncontrolled procedure to make bronze alloy (e.g. co-smelting or cementation). The presence of elongated copper sulphide inclusions showed probable use of copper sulphide ores for metal production and smelting. Based on metallographic studies, a cycle of cold working and annealing was used to shape the bronze vessels. - Highlights: • Sangtarashan vessels are made by variable Cu-Sn alloys with some impurities. • Various compositions occurred due to applying uncontrolled smelting methods. • The microstructure represents thermo-mechanical process to shape bronze vessels. • In one case, the annealing didn’t remove the eutectoid remaining from casting. • The characteristics of the bronzes are similar to other Iron Age Luristan Bronzes.

  4. Gravity of world crude barrel to rise by 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-12-16

    This paper reports on the loss of crude exports from Iraq and Kuwait in 1990-91 and their gradual reentry into oil markets which will have a profound effect on world crude quality. Accordingly, the proportion of heavy crude in world markets will decline the next 5 years.

  5. The Arab Spring: The Economic Conditions that Bred a Political Uprising 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Kimberly Ann

    2014-08-07

    : Youth bulge boiling over......................................................................... 10 Libya: Oil rich failure ......................................................................................... 13 Jordan: The eye... Asia includes Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Cyprus, Georgia, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Palestine, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. 0 5 000 10 000 15 000 20 000 25 000 30 000 0 -4 5 -9...

  6. Bâzgasht-i Adabî (Literary Return) and Persianate Literary Culture in Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Iran, India, and Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Kevin

    2014-01-01

    Bunyâd-i Farhang-i Iran, 1348/1970. Habîb, Asadullah. “shi‘r-i Farsî dar Hind. ” Îrân Namah 8.2 (Spring 1369/1990):Farhangistân-i Hunar-i Jumhűrî-i Irân, 1387/2008-9. Qavîm, ‘

  7. Changing structure of the world refining industry: implications for the United States and other major consuming regions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-02-01

    There are five chapters in this publication. Chapter I on refining industry in transition covers refining history highlights, and OPEC's downstream operations. Chapter II on demand for oil and oil products discusses supply and demand for OPEC oil, demand for oil products, historical growth trends, future growth trends and the case of East Asia - emergence of a fuel oil glut. Chapter III on the US and other traditional refining centers begins with an introduction on the structure of refining and continues on to cover the refining industry in OECD countries, USA, Western Europe, Japan, Singapore and Caribbean and closes with some conclusions. Chapter IV is on refining expansions in OPEC and the third World Nations. The following are covered: (1) nations of the Gulf (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates); (2) OPEC members beyond the Gulf (Indonesia, Africa, Libya, Algeria, Nigeria and Gabon, South America, Venezuela); (3) other major exporters (China, Egypt, Malaysia, Mexico); (4) non-OPEC developing countries - trends in the refining sector. The chapter ends with a short summary on capacity prospects and comparative economics. The final chapter has conclusions and recommendations on: price interactions between crude and products; product exports - impact on OPEC's internal; prices and market influence; importers and exporters - decisions; and course of action of the United States. 18 figures, 40 tables.

  8. Kuwait: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: EnergyKulpsville, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,KumbaKurt

  9. Kuwait Petroleum Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanoshKetchikanKlondikeKun Renewables Jump

  10. Study on radon and radium concentrations in drinking water in west region of Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forozani, Ghasem

    2011-01-01

    One of the most important characterizations of social health is existence the availability of safe drinking water. Since one of the sources of water contamination is nuclear contamination from radon gas, so in this research radon 222 concentration levels in water supplies in the Toyserkan (a region located in the west of Iran) is investigated. For measuring radon gas in water wells and springs Lucas chamber method is used. Review the results of these measurements that taken from 15th place show that, only five sites have radon concentrations above the limit dose. To reduce radon concentration, it is better to keep water in open pools in contact with air before the water is delivered to users.

  11. An Update on Avian Flu The virus continues to spread in wild birds and poultry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Myanmar, India, Afghanistan, India, Iraq, Iran, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey, Greece, Romania, Bulgaria-scale and statistically significant efficacy studies of anti-viral drugs like Tamiflu and Relenza against the H5N1 avian

  12. For a "Little Scrap of Paper" 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-03-05

    fitting structure are being investigated. The model developed will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi to name a few and will ultimately be set up the same way that OPEC was....

  13. Clean Energy Producing and Exporting Countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atighetchi, K.

    2007-01-01

    fitting structure are being investigated. The model developed will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi to name a few and will ultimately be set up the same way that OPEC was....

  14. Florida Atlantic University Division of Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    -rays or lasers? Yes No Does the proposal include boating and diving? Yes No Does the proposal include hazardous, Cuba, Cyprus, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Libya, N. Korea, Rwanda, Somalia

  15. Simple Laser Accelerator - Optics and Particle Dynamics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scully, Marlan O.; Zubairy, M. Suhail.

    1991-01-01

    fitting structure are being investigated. The model developed will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi to name a few and will ultimately be set up the same way that OPEC was....

  16. U.S. Strategic Options towards Iran: Understanding the U.S.–Iranian Relations through Iranian Domestic Politics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abernathy, Jacob; Blanco, David; Kingsley, Marlee; Kramer, Michael; Lopacka, Karolina; Mauel, Heather; Peacock, Mike; Stotts, Katherine; Varela, Marques; Young, Krysten

    2014-01-01

    Abernathy, David Blanco, Marlee Kingsley, Michael Kramer, Karolina ?opacka, Heather Mauel, Michael Peacock, Katherine Stotts, Marques Varela, and Krysten Young Advisor: Dr. Mohammad A. Tabaar U.S. STRATEGIC OPTIONS TOWARDS IRAN: UNDERSTANDING U....S. – IRANIAN RELATIONS THROUGH IRANIAN DOMESTIC POLITICS April 25, 2014 The George H.W. Bush School of Government and Public Service Texas A&M University Jacob Abernathy, David Blanco, Marlee Kingsley, Michael Kramer, Karolina Lopacka...

  17. Application of Radial Basis Functional Link Networks to Exploration for Proterozoic Mineral Deposits in Central Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Behnia, Pouran [Geological Survey of Iran, Geomatics Department (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: pouranb@yahoo.com

    2007-06-15

    The metallogeny of Central Iran is characterized mainly by the presence of several iron, apatite, and uranium deposits of Proterozoic age. Radial Basis Function Link Networks (RBFLN) were used as a data-driven method for GIS-based predictive mapping of Proterozoic mineralization in this area. To generate the input data for RBFLN, the evidential maps comprising stratigraphic, structural, geophysical, and geochemical data were used. Fifty-eight deposits and 58 'nondeposits' were used to train the network. The operations for the application of neural networks employed in this study involve both multiclass and binary representation of evidential maps. Running RBFLN on different input data showed that an increase in the number of evidential maps and classes leads to a larger classification sum of squared error (SSE). As a whole, an increase in the number of iterations resulted in the improvement of training SSE. The results of applying RBFLN showed that a successful classification depends on the existence of spatially well distributed deposits and nondeposits throughout the study area.

  18. Turnabout. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roggero, F.F.

    1993-04-19

    The proliferation of ideas and strategies is equally as important as the proliferation of weapons. This paper challenges the reader to search for counters to historically successful strategies which could be turned against the US. Specifically, consider the following scenario: In 1994 Iraq, Syria, Kazakhstan, and Azerbaijan form an alliance called the Southwest Asia Consortium (SAC). In 1996 Iraq invades Kuwait to reclaim its title to the province, and a limited US-led coalition immediately begins to build up a conventional force in the Persian Gulf region. SAC members recognize Iraq's claim to Kuwait and remind the world in a joint statement that an attack on any of its members would be considered an attack on the entire alliance. Furthermore, SAC reserves the right to respond to any attack at an appropriate level, including conventional weapons, battlefield nuclear weapons, intermediate range nuclear missiles or ICBMs. As Iraq prepares a defense of Kuwait with its national forces and token SAC troop deployments, the Consortium's strategy and capability of responding to a potential attack with a full spectrum of weapons confounds America's response to the crisis.

  19. Subduction tractions and vertical axis rotations in the Zagros–Makran transition zone, SE Iran: the 2013 May 11 Mw 6.1 Minab earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penney, Camilla; Copley, Alex; Oveisi, Behnam

    2015-06-09

    , E., Elliott, J., Jackson, J. & Parsons, B., 2010. The vertical separation of mainshock rupture and microseismicity at Qeshm island in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt, Iran, Earth planet. Sci. Lett., 296(3–4), 181–194. Nissen, E., Tatar, M., Jackson...

  20. Seismogenic faulting of the sedimentary sequence and laterally-variable material properties in the Zagros Mountains (Iran) revealed by the August 2014 Murmuri (E. Dehloran) earthquake sequence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copley, Alex; Karasozen, Ezgi; Oveisi, Behnam; Elliott, John R.; Samsonov, Sergey; Nissen, Edwin

    2015-01-01

    We present source models for the August 2014 Murmuri (Dehloran) earthquake sequence in the Zagros Mountains of Iran. An Mw6.2 mainshock was followed by an aftershock sequence containing 5 events of Mw ? 5.4. Models of P and SH waveforms show...

  1. The New York Times' Framing of Involvement of the Russian Federation in Arms and Nuclear Trade with the Islamic Republic of Iran in 2009-2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bagiev, Artem

    2012-05-31

    This study examines the mediated portrait of nuclear and arms trade between Russia and Iran in The New York Times in 2009-2011, applying framing theory as a tool. I used three frames, pre-defined in earlier studies: attribution of responsibility...

  2. H. R. 3743: This Act may be cited as the Iran Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act of 1998, Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session, April 29, 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1998-04-29

    The purpose of this bill is to withhold voluntary proportional assistance for programs and projects of the International Atomic Energy Agency relating to the development and completion of the Bushehr nuclear power plant in Iran, and for other purposes. This bill is divided into the following sections: Section 1. Short Title; Section 2. Findings; Section 3. Withholding of voluntary contributions to the International Atomic Energy Agency for programs and projects in Iran. Section 4. Annual review by Secretary of State of programs and projects of the International Atomic Energy Agency; United States opposition to programs and projects of the Agency in Iran; Section 5. Reporting Requirements; and Section 7. Sense of the Congress.

  3. 71Jl"A\\\\l' Jl ].'J!lC SOUTH'WJEST FOJRUI~1I' &. IRAN~Jl1E EXlPIE1RII MEN1I' l'ATn(QJN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    71Jl"A\\\\l' Jl ].'J!lC SOUTH'WJEST FOJRUI~§1I' &. IRAN~Jl1E EXlPIE1RII MEN1I' §l'ATn(QJN 1966 F' 0 ul~ Llr e 71Jl"A\\\\l' Jl ].'J!lC SOUTH'WJEST FOJRUI~§1I' &. IRAN~Jl1E EXlPIE1RII MEN1I' §l

  4. War in Iraq: an Impending Refugee Crisis?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loescher, Gil

    2003-01-01

    the possibility of Iraqi refugee movements seriously and tocoordination mechanisms. Refugees have constituted one ofyears. Not only have refugees constituted a major objective

  5. Iraq and the Betrayal of Trust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakoff, George

    2007-01-01

    protect those oil interests - American investments and theup to 75% of oil profits until their investment was paid for

  6. Middle Eastern power systems; Present and future developments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-06-01

    Middle Eastern Power systems have evolved independently of each other over many decades. The region covers a wide geographical area of over 4 million square kilometers with an estimated population in 1990 of over 120 million people. This paper discusses the present status and future power system developments in the Middle East with emphasis on the Mashrequ Arab Countries (MAC). MAC consists of Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Yemen, and the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, namely, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Oman, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Interconnections within MAC and possible extensions to Turkey, Europe, and Central Africa are discussed. A common characteristic of the MAC power systems is that they are all operated by government or semi-government bodies. The energy resources in the region are varied. Countries such as Iraq, Egypt, and Syria have significant hydro power resources. On the other hand, the GCC countries and Iraq have abundant fossil fuel reserves.

  7. Oil Exports and the Iranian Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esfahani, H. S.; Mohaddes, K.; Pesaran, M. Hashem

    in oil exploration and extraction technologies. Figure 1: Oil export revenues to income ratios for major oil exporters 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1980 1987 1994 2001 2008 Saudi Arabia Iran Norway Venezuela Kuwait UAE Qatar Libya Nigeria Algeria Russia... . As Figure 1 shows most other OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) member countries such as Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Nigeria, Algeria, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait, and a few countries outside OPEC such as Norway and Russia have similar...

  8. Middle Cretaceous (Cenomanian Ostracoda from the Wasia Formation of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Furiah, A. A. F.

    1983-09-21

    in strata of the same age in Kuwait and Bahrain by Al-Abdul-Raz- zaq (1979) and Al-Abdul-Razzaq and Grosdi- dier (1981), and in Iran by Grosdidier (1973). This supports the suggestion of Al-Abdul-Raz- zaq and Grosdidier (1981) that these ostracodes... five members are named after formations in southeastern Kuwait. The lowest two members are named after areas in Saudi Arabia where they have greatest economic significance. These two lowest members can also be traced northward, where together...

  9. North Korea: The next nuclear nightmare

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spector, L.S.; Smith, J.R.

    1991-03-01

    The crisis in the Persian Gulf has reawakened concerns over the spread of nuclear arms. Even before its invasion of Kuwait, Iraq's history of aggression and support for international terrorism triggered fears in Washington that its acquisition of nuclear weapons might damage international stability and US interests far more than the emergence of India, Israel, Pakistan, and South Africa as de facto nuclear powers. Thus, when the Gulf War began on January 16, Iraq's nuclear sites were among the first attacked by allied air strikes. Unfortunately, Iraq has not been the only hostile proliferator looming on the horizon. North Korea, which has been no less dedicated than Iraq to the use of violence to advance its expansionist goals, has also tenaciously pursued a nuclear-weapons capability. Moreover, the North Korean program is considerably closer to bearing fruit than the Iraqi effort. And although North Korea, like Iraq, has signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, unlike Iraq it has refused to conclude the safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency that the treaty requires.

  10. Energy Conservation Program in Kuwait: A Local Perspective 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajiah, A. E.

    2006-01-01

    , and nuclear energy. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA) 1997 annual report, the industrialized countries including North America and Western Europe consumed more than 50% of the energy used in the world as illustrated in Table 1 [1..., such as hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6 ) [2]. Total energy-related CO 2 emissions for the world in 2001 are estimated at 23,899 million metric tons. Emissions for the industrialized world (North America, Western...

  11. UAE, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar Carnegie Mellon University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;Healthcare Benefits International/ In Network US Out of Network US Hospital Charges Nursing, accommodation Immunizations Paid in Full Paid in Full Adult Travel Vaccinations Paid in Full Paid in Full Adult Preventive

  12. Conceptual Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) terminal design for Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aljeeran, Fares

    2006-08-16

    This research study investigated a new conceptual design for a modular structural configuration incorporating storage for Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) within the base of the platform structure. The structure, referred to as a modified gravity base...

  13. The life cycle assessment of concrete manufacturing in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El Mostafa, Mayce (Mayce A.)

    2013-01-01

    Concrete is the second most widely used material in the world after water. Annually 9,120 million tons of concrete are produced, which is an equivalent of 1.3 tons of concrete per individual. As the world's primary ...

  14. NREL: Technology Transfer - Kuwait Visitors Interested in NREL...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to improve energy efficiency in their refining operations. KOC may also apply concentrated solar power technology to produce some of the steam needed in the company's operations...

  15. State of Kuwait Ministry of Oil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendo New Energy Equipment CoSolar poolWindWind Energy

  16. U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Kuwait | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLEStatutoryin the Nation's Electric GridEnergyEnergy CongressOutlook

  17. Role of S??hayk??h Muh?ammad K??hiya?ba?ni? and the Democratic Movement of Azerbaijan in the socio-political history of Iran 1910-1920 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tabatabai Khatambakhsh, Mohammad-Taghi

    1984-01-01

    and foreign dynasties, we had to study a great deal about the lives of individual Kings; but hardly any space was allocated to the history of social and political movements in Iran. The names of patriots and political thinkers such as K?h?iya?ba?ni? were not...

  18. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowa NaturalIowaAspects of

  19. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowa NaturalIowaAspects of8,

  20. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowa NaturalIowaAspects

  1. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowa NaturalIowaAspects1, 2012

  2. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowa NaturalIowaAspects1,

  3. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowa NaturalIowaAspects1,March

  4. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowa

  5. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowaOctober 5, 2012 11:00 am

  6. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowaOctober 5, 2012 11:00

  7. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowaOctober 5, 2012

  8. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowaOctober 5, 2012Thursday,

  9. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowaOctober 5,

  10. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowaOctober 5,December 10, 2010

  11. Sonny Ramaswamy Director of Agricultural Research Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Source: http://www.eia.doe.gov Petroleum (million barrels/day) USA imports 60% of oil at an annual cost of $250 B The Perfect Storm · September 11, 2001 · Terrorism, Iraq, Afghanistan · Iran, Venezuela, Nigeria · Higher farm income and value · Net energy, CO2, greenhouse gas output in production and use of ethanol

  12. The United States: The Making of National Security Policy John M. Deutch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    as observation or involvement is vast. It begins with Afghanistan and Iraq and extends to China and East Asia. It includes Iran, Africa, the Middle East peace process, Russia, European affairs, functional areas of energy group is with political-military affairs. With other matters, additional agencies may participate

  13. Dover Textiles - A Case History on Retrofitting Factories with a Boiler System Fueled on Coal, Wood and Waste 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pincelli, R. D.

    1981-01-01

    The shortage of affordable gas and oil boiler fuels and the recent Iran/Iraq war underscores the urgent need for the American industrial system to convert to domestically controlled fuels and particularly coal, wood, and waste. More talk than action...

  14. Nuclear proliferation status report. Status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1992-07-01

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear proliferation status of the following countries: (1) Russia, (2) Ukraine, (3) Belarus, (4) Kazakhstan, (5) Israel, (6) India, (7) Pakistan, (8) South Africa, (9) North Korea, (10) Iraq, (11) Iran, (12) Lybia, (13) Algeria, (14) Syria, (15) Brazil, (16) Argentina, and (17) Taiwan.

  15. Brussels, 29 April 2005 EU-JAPAN Summit -2 May 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy Javier Solana. Discussions will cover of key international issues including relations with China, the Korean Peninsula, Russia, Iran and Iraq and security, enhancing trade, working together to tackle global challenges and the bringing together of people

  16. Complying With US Export Regulations Which Affect Foreign Students Most of our students' activities qualify for exclusion from US export regulations, i.e., a license is not required prior to allowing a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    energy (DOE). If you have questions about any of these courses, contact RSCP. NOTE: If you are teaching or development, where research results are restricted for proprietary or specific national security reasons) Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) Cuba Democratic Republic of the Congo Iran Iraq Liberia Lybia North

  17. Fighting proliferation new concerns for the nineties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sokolski, H.

    1996-09-01

    Iraq`s threatened chemical missile strikes against US forces, combined with its efforts to build nuclear weapons, have quite literally put issues about the proliferation of strategic weapons on the map. Indeed, after Operation Desert Shield, both the Bush and Clinton administrations focused considerable attention on the need to dismantle Iraq`s strategic weapons capabilities and to assure that the strategic weapons complex in the former Soviet Union doesn`t end up helping future Iraqs. Since Operation Desert Storm, though, additional proliferation concern devising an effective strategy against proliferation, coping with the spread of space technology, and curbing Iran`s and North Korea`s strategic programs have emerged. Fighting Proliferation examines these challenges and their implications for US policy. The first of these concern how best to reform existing non- proliferation efforts-is examined in part 1. With the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) indefinitely extended, just exactly how the treaty will be implemented remains unclear. The Clinton administration is on record arguing that the NPT is a model for how the US will curb the proliferation of not only nuclear but all other kinds of strategic weapons. But what does the NPT and its obligations actually mean. Its key proscriptions in Articles 1, 2, and 3 are ambiguous. The treaty also lacks any clear enforcement measures and is nearly impossible to amend.

  18. Constitutional Environment and Entrepreneurship: An Empirical Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Wei

    2012-01-01

    Japan Kuwait Latvia Macedonia Malaysia Malta MauritiusItaly Japan Kuwait Latvia Macedonia Malaysia Malta MauritiusItaly Japan Kuwait Latvia Macedonia Malaysia Malta Mauritius

  19. Evaluation of two public housing projects : Baghdad and Mosul, Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atto, Faida Noori Salim

    1984-01-01

    Stage nine of the design process of the projects deals with the design of the cluster, which is a basic social and administrative unit proposed for settlement. The cluster represents a unit of approximately 200 persons. A ...

  20. Population doses from environmental gamma radiation in Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marouf, B.A.; Mohamad, A.S.; Taha, J.S.; al-Haddad, I.K. (Iraq Atomic Energy Commission, Nuclear Research Center, Tuwaitha, Baghdad, (Iraq))

    1992-05-01

    The exposure rates due to external gamma radiation were measured in 11 Iraqi governerates. Measurements were performed with an Environmental Monitoring System (RSS-111) in open air 1 m above the ground. The average absorbed dose rate in each governerate was as follows (number x 10(-2) microGy h-1): Babylon (6.0), Kerbala (5.3), Al-Najaf (5.4), Al-Kadysia (6.5), Wasit (6.5), Diala (6.5), Al-Anbar (6.5), Al-Muthana (6.6), Maisan (6.8), Thee-Kar (6.6), and Al-Basrah (6.5). The collective doses to the population living in these governerates were 499, 187, 239, 269, 262, 458, 384, 153, 250, 450, and 419 person-Sv, respectively.

  1. Iraq War Veteran Finds New Career in Weatherization | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    that standpoint." Over a third of the population in San Luis Valley lives below the poverty line. Temperatures range from 90 degrees in the summer to 30 degrees below zero in...

  2. Republic of Iraq - Ministry of Oil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgency (IRENA)OptionsEquivalent URIGumCenter JumpRenovalia

  3. Strengthening Our Continued Partnership with Iraq | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergyPlan | Department of Energy 1 DOE|EnergyDepartment ofE n E rgyB i

  4. ORISE: Radiation Emergency Training for Iraq, South Africa and Morocco

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesseworkSURVEY UNIVERSEHow ORISE is Making aDose Estimates andInternational

  5. Iran Deal @ PPPL.key

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowa NaturalIowaAspects of the

  6. The slowdown continues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-08-01

    The author reviews the oil market in the Middle East. Some of the highlights are: Aramco activity in Saudi Arabi seems to be struck at a historically low level; Iran is maintaining production rates despite persistent Iraqi, U.S. attacks; Iraq plans ambitious 5-year drilling program, development of eight new fields; and Oman set reserves record with any finds, remains the area's biggest driller.

  7. Electric network interconnection of Mashreq Arab Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Amin, I.M.; Al-Shehri, A.M.; Opoku, G.; Al-Baiyat, S.A.; Zedan, F.M.

    1994-12-01

    Power system interconnection is a well established practice for a variety of technical and economical reasons. Several interconnected networks exist worldwide for a number of factors. Some of these networks cross international boundaries. This presentation discusses the future developments of the power systems of Mashreq Arab Countries (MAC). MAC consists of Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Yemen. Mac power systems are operated by government or semigovernment bodies. Many of these countries have national or regional electric grids but are generally isolated from each other. With the exception of Saudi Arabia power systems, which employ 60 Hz, all other MAC utilities use 50 Hz frequency. Each country is served by one utility, except Saudi Arabia, which is served by four major utilities and some smaller utilities serving remote towns and small load centers. The major utilities are the Saudi Consolidated electric Company in the Eastern Province (SCECO East), SCECO Center, SCECO West, and SCECO South. These are the ones considered in this study. The energy resources in MAC are varied. Countries such as Egypt, Iraq, and Syria have significant hydro resources.The gulf countries and Iraq have abundant fossil fuel, The variation in energy resources as well as the characteristics of the electric load make it essential to look into interconnections beyond the national boundaries. Most of the existing or planned interconnections involve few power systems. A study involving 12 countries and over 20 utilities with different characteristics represents a very large scale undertaking.

  8. An Empirical Growth Model for Major Oil Exporters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esfahani, Hadi Salehi; Mohaddes, Kamiar; Pesaran, M. Hashem

    2012-03-21

    . 3See, for example, Amuzegar (2008) and the British Petroleum Statistical Review of World Energy. 3 Figure 1: Oil Export Revenues to Income Ratios for Major Oil Exporters 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1980 1988 1996 2004 2010 Saudi Arabia Iran Norway Venezuela... shows most other OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) member countries such as Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Nigeria, Algeria, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait, and a few countries outside OPEC such as Norway and Russia have similar oil...

  9. Social and Economic Challenges of Implementing Sustainable Materials on Buildings in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Foraih, R.; Al-Fahad, F.

    2012-01-01

    Many factors affect attaining the required credits for LEED materials and Many factors affect attaining the required credits for LEED materials and resources (MR) section. There are disadvantages in obtaining credits and LEED certifying an existing...

  10. The Influence of Air-Conditioning Efficiency in the Peak Load Demand for Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, A. A.; Maheshwari, G. P.

    2007-01-01

    A model co-relating the peak load demand of a utility with the allowable power rating (PR) of air-conditioning (AC) systems has been developed in this paper through a well defined methodology. The model is capable to predict the extent of allowable...

  11. Implementation of Simple Measures for Savings Water and Energy Consumption in Kuwait Government Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albaharani, H.; Al-Mulla, A.

    2012-01-01

    ?installs?a?small? desalination?plant ? 1960 ? discovery?of?fresh?water?at? AlRaudhatain ? 1970?? to?date ? rapid?increase?of? desalination?capacity Historical?Background??Water Electricity?Generation?and?Water? Desalination No. Power?Station Established Electricity...? Co m m unicatio ns N atio nal?G uard Kuwai t?O il? Co m p any Kuwai t?Fir e?Service? D irecto rate Higher?Committee?for?saving ? Social?activities?such?as?nursing?homes?for?youths,? sport...

  12. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman Meets with U.S. Troops in Kuwait |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool FitsProjectDataSecretary Moniz's Open InvitationSecretaryin Beijing, ChinaDepartment

  13. In contrast to conventional inactivated influenza vaccines, 4xM2e.HSP70c fusion protein fully protected mice against lethal dose of H1, H3 and H9 influenza A isolates circulating in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebrahimi, Seyyed Mahmoud, E-mail: smebrahimi@shirazu.ac.ir [Applied Biotechnology Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 14155-3651,Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Research Center of Virus and Vaccine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Science, P.O.Box 14155-3651, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Dabaghian, Mehran [Department of Pathobiology, University of Tehran, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 14155-6453, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Pathobiology, University of Tehran, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 14155-6453, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Tebianian, Majid [Department of Biotechnology, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute (RVSRI), P.O. Box 31975/148, Karaj, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Biotechnology, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute (RVSRI), P.O. Box 31975/148, Karaj, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Zabeh Jazi, Mohammad Hossein [Department of Pathobiology, University of Tehran, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 14155-6453, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Department of Pathobiology, University of Tehran, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 14155-6453, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2012-08-15

    Ideal vaccines against influenza viruses should elicit not only a humoral response, but also a cellular response. Mycobacterium tuberculosis HSP70 (mHSP70) have been found to promote immunogenic APCs function, elicit a strong cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response, and prevent the induction of tolerance. Moreover, it showed linkage of antigens to the C-terminus of mHSP70 (mHSP70c) can represent them as vaccines resulted in more potent, protective antigen specific responses in the absence of adjuvants or complex formulations. Hence, recombinant fusion protein comprising C-terminus of mHSP70 genetically fused to four tandem repeats of the ectodomain of the conserved influenza matrix protein M2 (M2e) was expressed in Escherichia coli, purified under denaturing condition, refolding, and then confirmed by SDS-PAGE, respectively. The recombinant fusion protein, 4xM2e.HSP70c, retained its immunogenicity and displayed the protective epitope of M2e by ELISA and FITC assays. A prime-boost administration of 4xM2e.HSP70c formulated in F105 buffer by intramuscular route in mice (Balb/C) provided full protection against lethal dose of mouse-adapted H1N1, H3N2, or H9N2 influenza A isolates from Iran compared to 0-33.34% survival rate of challenged unimmunized and immunized mice with the currently in use conventional vaccines designated as control groups. However, protection induced by immunization with 4xM2e.HSP70c failed to prevent weight loss in challenged mice; they experienced significantly lower weight loss, clinical symptoms and higher lung viral clearance in comparison with protective effects of conventional influenza vaccines in challenged mice. These data demonstrate that C-terminal domain of mHSP70 can be a superior candidate to deliver the adjuvant function in M2e-based influenza A vaccine in order to provide significant protection against multiple influenza A virus strains.

  14. Of carrots and sticks or air power as a nonproliferation tool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolf, F.R.

    1994-07-01

    The proliferation of nuclear weapons has become one of the principal threats to international peace and security. Postwar revelations from Iraq demonstrate how close a determined nation can come to covertly developing nuclear weapons without detection. In the past two years the issue of nonproliferation has increased in importance and the regime is becoming more intrusive. On the other hand, a number of nations hostile to the international order are attempting to develop or otherwise obtain nuclear weapons These states include North Korea, Iran, and Iraq. This paper argues that the use or threat of force must be incorporated into the nonproliferation regime. When properly integrated into nonproliferation strategy, force offers positive effects in terms of deterrence, compellence, and defense. Thus, the paper calls for the institutionalization of force options into the nonproliferation tool kit, ideally as part of chapter 7 enforcement actions under the authority of the UN Security Council.

  15. Preliminary thoughts concerning potential US Army threats/roles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, R.A.; Solomon, K.A.; Miles, J.T.

    1991-06-01

    The rate at which the current world military/political perspective is changing demands consideration of a broader spectrum of potential threats then has been the case for the past few decades--during which the Soviet Union was the preeminent threat. Seemingly overnight, the cold war ceased, the requirement for massive U.S. military counters to the Soviet Union forces faded, and an era of constant (obvious) military threat disappeared. This situation has in turn been revolutionized by the Iraq invasion of Kuwait and the U.S. response. The paper addresses part of the problem facing military planners by defining a spectrum of threats that typify those the U.S. Army might face over the next decade or two. The purpose of the threat set is to support the evaluation of the effectiveness and usefulness, to the U.S. Army, of advanced technologies. The set of threats is intended to provide a complete set of characteristics rather then to be a complete list of the possibilities; it is illustrative rather than exhaustive. Although largely completed before the war with Iraq started, its content is still valid in that its purpose is to provide a framework for thinking about future U.S. Army technology needs.

  16. The Trauma Story: A Qualitative and Quantitative Exploration of Iraqi Survivors' Experiences 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoeb, Marwa H

    2006-01-01

    Inati, S. (Ed. ). (2003). Iraq: Its history, people, andInternational. (2001, August 15). Iraq: Systematic torturesuffered by refugees from Iraq: Trauma-related factors

  17. Nonproliferation through delegation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Robert Louis

    2008-01-01

    and Tomoko Yasaka. 2007. Iraq Profile: Nuclear Overview [webe_research/profiles/Iraq/Nuclear/index.html. Findlay,Intelligence, verification and Iraq's WMDs. In Verification

  18. The Unraveling of the Atlantic Order: Historical Breakpoints in U.S.-European Relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kupchan, Charles A.

    2006-01-01

    Saddam Hussein’s regime in Iraq, many Europeans viewed theto block the invasion of Iraq constituted a far more seriouslucrative contracts in Iraq, while punishing its detractors

  19. A SHARED STATE: IRAQI REFUGEES AND AMERICAN VETERANS IN THE AFTERMATH OF WAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolins, Maia

    2013-01-01

    Afghanistan, Palestine, and Iraq. Malden, MA: BlackwellCharles. A History of Iraq. New York: Cambridge UniversityWeb. Also, Glantz, Aaron and Iraq Veterans Against the War.

  20. Dall' Italian Manner alla modernitŕ liquida. Relazioni artistiche fra alcuni paesi arabo-mediterranei e l'Italia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corgnati, Martina

    2010-01-01

    analoghi anche per Siria, Iraq, Giordania, Egitto e altriarabo, dall’Algeria all’Iraq, residenti in larga maggioranzaSiria), Ali Al Jabiri (Iraq), Hassan Badawi (Libano),

  1. War, Trauma, and Technologies of the Self : : The Making of Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandt, Marisa Renee

    R. L. (2004). Combat Duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, Mentalservice members who served in Iraq and Afghanistan. Militaryevaluation of the Virtual Iraq/Afghanistan exposure therapy

  2. Salto Mortale: Narrative, Speculation, and the Chance of the Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClanahan, Annie J.

    2010-01-01

    Everyone knows that. Fuck Iraq. This is America, and AmericaCounterfactual History in Iraq,” Talking Points Memo (Mayhistory_in_iraq/. Matthew Yglesias, “Today in Alternate

  3. Rallying around the Flag: Nationalist Emotions in American Mass Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feinstein, Yuval

    2012-01-01

    Opinion from World War II to Iraq. Chicago ; London: Thesensitivity and the War in Iraq." International Security 30:interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq." Presidential Studies

  4. Baghdad Nights: Evaluating the US Military 'Surge' Using Nighttime Light Signatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agnew, John; Gillespie, Thomas; Gonzalez, Jorge; Min, Brian

    2008-01-01

    the Security Forces of Iraq Report to Congress, Independentthe Security Forces of Iraq Lo C P, 2002, ``Urban indicatorsinterest, such as the Iraq war, because of the ideological

  5. More than a “Subspecies of American Literature”: Obstacles toward a Transnational Mormon Novel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hales, Scott

    2015-01-01

    the 2003 US invasion of Iraq, it introduces these tensionssoccer championship and the Iraq invasion disrupt theiragainst the backdrop of the Iraq invasion, McLeod’s violent

  6. Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. OPEC Organization of the Petroleum...

  7. Formulating earthquake response modes in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metzger, Michael D. (Michael David), 1981-

    2004-01-01

    The objective of this paper was to try and find the optimal distribution of rescuers after an earthquake with a very large magnitude caused major damage in two different cities. A model was developed to optimally divide ...

  8. Iran Oil and Gas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:on OpeneiAlbanianStudy) (Webinar)LakotaIowa/WindIpswich

  9. Labs Race to Stop Iran"

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and masthead BerkeleySiteSeason of

  10. Security implications of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hajjar, S.G.

    1998-12-17

    The author argues that the Arab-Israeli conflict, the Iran-Iraq rivalry, and the lack of progress in the peace process are strong incentives for nations in the region to acquire weapons of mass destruction (WMD). He documents Israeli, Iranian, and Arab WMD programs and capabilities, referencing use of WMD in the region. He discusses the reasons why the major regional powers seek WMD capabilities and examines the nature of the proliferation dynamic as well as nonproliferation and counterproliferation approaches applicable to the region. The author offers several recommendations designed to strengthen these efforts and deal more effectively with causes of proliferation.

  11. Challenges of tuberculosis prevention through early detection of latent tuberculosis infection in new immigrants to the State of Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Harbi, Adel Mohanna

    2012-11-30

    Introduction: Despite management advances worldwide, tuberculosis still remains a serious uncontrolled disease. The absence of either a ‘gold’ standard diagnostic test, or a conventional rapid ‘reference’ laboratory test ...

  12. Enhanced Operation Strategies for Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems Toward Peak Power Reduction for an Office Building in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alghimlas, F.; Al-Mulla, A.; Maheshwari, G.P.; Al-Nakib, D.

    2012-01-01

    t i o n ( M W h / y ) * 1 0 6 P e a k P o w e r D e m a n d ( M W ) Years Peak power Yearly Electricity Consumption Typical?Power?Demand?Profile?for?Summer?Day 5 2 0 0 5 5 8 0 5 9 6 0 6 3 4 0 6 7 2 0... w er The focus to reduce the power demand during the peak hours Options?to?Reduce?Fossil?Fuel?Consumption? 1. Implement?energy?efficiency?and? conservation?measures?in?buildings?to? reduce?their?demand?for?electricity. 2. Generate...

  13. Web MSNBC Search Alerts Newsletters RSS Help MSN Home Hotmail Sign In Conflict in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    3,000 deaths, the vast majority in Haiti, and $45 billion in damage in the United States alone, the United States among them, have chosen France as the site for a $13 billion experimental nuclear fusion by Japan, the United States, South Korea, Russia, China and the European Union, but the six parties had

  14. Mark Twain's 'the War-Prayer'—Reflections on Vietnam and Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lan, Mông-

    2009-01-01

    Remarkably, and sadly, “ The War-Prayer” is as meaningfulVol. 2 Mark Twain’s “The War-Prayer”—Re?ections on Vietnamillumination, have written “The War-Prayer. ” Why? Because

  15. Humanity Must Be Defended: War, Politics and Humanitarian Relief in Iraq, 1990-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntyre, Adrian

    2010-01-01

    on Inspections and Sanctions,” pp. 165–173 in Micah L. SifryDrops South African Sanctions Campaign,” Press Association (Don’t Forget Africa! F. Sanctions and Humanitarian Politics

  16. Predicting Risk for Incidences of Homelessness Among Veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motupalli, Venkat

    2015-12-18

    screener, with no added time or data collection burden. Further, a freeware script, compatible with all common data collection and storage systems, was developed to provide a baseline for further digital management efforts....

  17. From Iraq to the US: A Refugee Trajectory of the Professional Class

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolins, Maia

    2011-01-01

    High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), 9 April 2008.Duke University Press. 1999. [5] “Refugee Arrival Data. ”O?ce of Refugee Resettlement: US Department of Health and

  18. Frontier market analysis : a case study of Iraq's real estate industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watkins, Steven C., Jr. (Steven Charles)

    2010-01-01

    Success in frontier markets could mean high returns for real estate developers and investors. In order to succeed, companies must determine how to provide their products or services in an environment that may not necessarily ...

  19. Food and feeding habit of barbua belayewi (menon) from a polluted river, Baghdad, Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khalaf, A.N.; Al-Jafery, R.; Sadek, S.E.

    1988-01-01

    Gut contents of 217 specimens of B. belayewi were studied. The specimens were collected from Diyala river between September, 1982 and June, 1983. The fish fed moderately during most of the time under investigation. Heavy feeding occurred only in September and December 1982. They were poorly fed only in June, 1983. Organic debris and detritus formed the major bulk of the diet followed by planktonic algae and aquatic plant parts. Zooplankton, parts of aquatic insects and nematodes also occurred occasionally but did not contribute significantly.

  20. Humanity Must Be Defended: War, Politics and Humanitarian Relief in Iraq, 1990-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntyre, Adrian

    2010-01-01

    that something explosive is brewing—both in my guts and outovershadow the food crisis brewing in Africa—especiallyAn ugly civil war was brewing in Liberia, the peace process

  1. Dead Babies, Bowel Disturbances, and Other Combat Humor in Afghanistan and Iraq 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madsen, Marissa Torian

    2013-02-18

    are returning with more psychological burdens. Various attempts have been made to decrease the psychological burdens on these American soldiers. However, I believe a missing component of these attempts is a thorough understanding of the military as its own...

  2. Statement by NSC Spokesperson Caitlin Hayden on the U.S.-Iraq Energy Joint

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLE DIRECTIVESDepartmentSpecialCode ofDepartmentCoordination Committee

  3. Joint Statement of the U.S.-Iraq Joint Coordinating Committee on Energy |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducingJobs HumanImaging NSRC Workshop 2015Department

  4. War, Trauma, and Technologies of the Self : : The Making of Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandt, Marisa Renee

    Therapy Require Technological Enhancement? Virtual Iraq’s Therapeutic Milieu ..Therapy Require Technological Enhancement? Virtual Iraq’s Therapeutic Milieumilieu they saw their work as part of: which was shaped more by experience in entertainment media than in therapy.

  5. Going to Ground(s): The War Correspondent’s Memoir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Christopher P.

    2015-01-01

    the Emerald City: Inside Iraq’s Green Zone. New York: Knopf,John Palattella. Reporting Iraq: An Oral History of the Waras everything had been in Iraq, silent and slow and heavy

  6. Smokes from the oil fires following the Gulf War: A review and new perspectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radke, L.F.

    1996-12-31

    Emissions resulting from the oil fires in Kuwait and environmental effects from those emissions are described.

  7. Fusion power Bouillabaisse sushi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on Iraq. America is commonly thought to be supporting Rokkasho in return for Japan's support in Iraq

  8. Impact of Thermally Insulated Floors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alghimlas, F.; Omar, E. A.

    2004-01-01

    INSULATED FLOORS E. Al-Sayed Omar Associate Research Scientist Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research P.O. Box 24885, 13109 Safat, Kuwait F. Alghimlas * Research Associate Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research P.O. Box 24885, 13109 Safat..., Kuwait * fghimlas@kisr.edu.kw ABSTRACT Presently in Kuwait the code of practice for energy conservation in the air conditioned buildings implemented by the Ministry of Electricity and Water (MEW) which has been in effect since 1983 has...

  9. Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-15

    This August 15, 1991, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1991, through June 30, 1991. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage facilities development program is proceeding on schedule. The Reserve's capacity is currently 726 million barrels. A total of 5.5 million barrels of new gross cavern volume was developed at Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw during the quarter. There were no crude oil deliveries to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve during the calendar quarter ending June 30, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of June 30, 1991, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve inventory was 568.5 million barrels. The reorganization of the Office of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve became effective June 28, 1991. Under the new organization, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Project Management Office in Louisiana will report to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program Office in Washington rather than the Oak Ridge Field Office in Tennessee. 2 tabs.

  10. Saudi Aramco details 1990 surge in oil production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-12

    This paper reports on Saudi Arabian Oil Co. that has jumped its crude oil production 29% to an average 6,257,600 b/d last year. That was Saudi Arabia's response to Iraq's Aug. 2, 1990, invasion of Kuwait and the ensuing Persian Gulf crisis with its United Nations embargo on Iraqi and Kuwaiti oil exports. It was Saudi Aramco's biggest average crude oil volume since the 6,327,220 b/d gauged in 1982, according to the company's 1990 annual report. By the end of 1990 Saudi Aramco's maximum sustained production capability was 8.5 million b/d of crude. To meet long term demand, it decided to advance the timetable and increase the scope of a crude oil expansion program adopted in 1989. Reserves at the end of the year were 257.9 billion bbl of crude and 180.5 tcf of dissolved, associated, and non-associated natural gas, compared with 257.5 billion bbl and 180.355 tcf at yearend 1989.

  11. World oil flow slips in 1991 amid Mideast, U. S. S. R. woes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beck, R.J.

    1992-03-09

    World crude oil production slipped 0.9% in 1991 to average 59,964 million b/d. This paper reports that production declines related to war damage in Kuwait, United Nations sanctions on exports from Iraq, and oil sector woes in the crumbling U.S.S.R. were almost offset by higher production from other members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. OPEC crude production rose 0.6% in 1991 to average 23.425 million b/d, and non-OPEC output fell 1.9% to average 36.539 million b/d in 1991. Excluding the U.S.S.R., non-OPEC production moved up 1.5% to average 26.239 million b/d. World demand inched up about 200,000 b/d, estimates International Energy Agency, and IEA data show about 300,000 b/d was added to stocks in 1991. World crude prices started 1991 at their highest level, then fell off to average $17.82/bbl, down 16.5% from 1990 levels. Meantime, a slight increase in demand is predicted for 1992, and price stability again hinges on OPEC's ability to limit production.

  12. The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

    1995-03-01

    At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

  13. Norwegian University of Science and Technology Technical Report IDI-TR-09/2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /or verify temporal patterns: UK Bush Paris world weather dance Iraq dog Trondheim UK Bush Paris finances buy Iraq ISMIS university travel UK USA Enron money Time Temporal pattern (UK Bush) (Iraq) ? dance Iraq dog version means a high probability of Iraq to appear in one of the following versions. We have previously

  14. Measuring the Gardens of Eden A map of the area around Gasur, near Kirkuk in northern Iraq, drawn up

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tevelev, Jenia

    . He built a boat and loaded it with all his possessions, his kith and kin, domesticated and wild knowledge of how to read cuneiform was lost until its decipherment in the 19th century. About half a million A = c2 4 c2 12 #12;Sexagesimal System · A place-value number system with base 60 was introduced around

  15. A Geographic Information Science (GISc) Approach to Characterizing Spatiotemporal Patterns of Terrorist Incidents in Iraq, 2004-2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Medina, Richard M [ORNL; Siebeneck, Laura K. [University of Utah; Hepner, George F. [University of Utah

    2011-01-01

    As terrorism on all scales continues, it is necessary to improve understanding of terrorist and insurgent activities. This article takes a Geographic Information Systems (GIS) approach to advance the understanding of spatial, social, political, and cultural triggers that influence terrorism incidents. Spatial, temporal, and spatiotemporal patterns of terrorist attacks are examined to improve knowledge about terrorist systems of training, planning, and actions. The results of this study aim to provide a foundation for understanding attack patterns and tactics in emerging havens as well as inform the creation and implementation of various counterterrorism measures.

  16. Armed conflicts and collective identities: a discursive investigation of lay and political accounts of the wars in Iraq and Lebanon 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ali, Talal

    2011-06-29

    This thesis investigates how and why various Iraqi and Lebanese politicians and laypeople account for the armed conflicts, which they have been living through, and the involved sides of these conflicts. In both of these ...

  17. Chirac Said “Non” – Or Did He? Revisiting U.S. - UN Diplomacy on the 2003 Iraq War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Recchia, Stefano

    2015-01-01

    for all unmanned aerial vehicles and remotely piloted vehicles.110 The Bush administration, however, showed little interest in the benchmarks proposal. “By then, our minds were on other things,” explains Negroponte.111 Blair recalls in his memoirs...

  18. Energy Savings in Direct Evaporative Cooling: real application in the Madrid metro and simulated application for offices in Sydney 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simonetti, R.

    2010-01-01

    Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 ??? ?? %???????% ????? ?( ? ?? ?????????? ? ? ??? ? ? ??????? ? ?????????? ??? ????? ? ????!? ?????? ??????7... of the Tenth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 4? ?6@???????? ???*????? ??? 0????%?4??9? 4...

  19. Redesign of Electrical Installations to Maximize the Use of Photo Voltaic (PV) Cells at the End Use of Consumers in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alatrash, J.; Mhaisen, N.; Ismail, Z.

    2010-01-01

    , generator units, transformers, over headlines and underground cables capacity were released. The voltage drop and energy losses through the power system network were reduced as result of reducing the current flow in them. A comparison between continuing...

  20. Prof. Cauligi (Raghu) Raghavendra Vice Dean for Global Academic Initiatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Chongwu

    and Turkey ­ DEN Opportunities: Kuwait Oil Company, Aviation Safety in IFEZ, Korea, PEMEX and UNAM in Mexico

  1. Caught in the Crossfire: Explanations of Insurgency Use of Indiscriminate Violence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woo, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    Court ISIS Islamic State of Iraq and Syria LP-28 28 th ofand the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) influence theSyrian Army and Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), one

  2. The Heroic Framing of US Foreign Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Emily D.

    2010-01-01

    Attitudes Toward Attacking Iraq. ” Pers Soc Psychol Bull 31(DoD News: Briefing on the Iraq Survey Group. ” Available at:and the Road to War in Iraq. ” Security Studies 16(3): 409.

  3. Fixing Failed States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, John

    2010-01-01

    Republic of the Congo 6. Iraq 7. Afghanistan 8. Centralwars in Afghanistan and Iraq has spent up to $500 billion aMilitary Adventure in Iraq 97 (2006). An army briefing noted

  4. Context-based Speech Recognition Error Detection and Correction Arup Sarma and David D. Palmer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to "Iraq," and the spoken word "Iraq" is consis- tently misrecognized, the user will not be able to locate. For example, "Iraq" and "a rock" are phonetically very simi- lar but generally occur in different contexts

  5. Nationalism, Conflict and the Feminist Subject Among Modern Iraqi Women

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDougall, Susan

    2009-01-01

    that narrative. As the ‘new Iraq’ takes shape, newnarratives of the old Iraq will be constructed to give it athe new narratives about the old Iraq that has come to light

  6. DEMOCRACY OVER A BARREL: OIL, REGIME CHANGE AND WAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karl, Terry

    2008-01-01

    and A. Suramanian 2004. “Saving Iraq from Its Oil,” Foreignthe costs of the war in Iraq, I would be more than remissfor democratization. Iraq and the Devil’s Excrement “Oil is

  7. The politics of representation and the social order : in the War on Terror

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Gordon C.

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Tilts toward Iraq, 1980-1984. ” National Security2008. “Why We Must Attack Iraq: Bush’s Reasoning PracticesM. 2007. Suicide Bombers in Iraq: The Strategy and Ideology

  8. Empty sky : 9/11 and performing regenerative violence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genna, Raimondo

    2010-01-01

    London: Verso, 2002. ———. Iraq: The Borrowed Kettle. London:Watching Babylon: The War in Iraq and Global Visual Culture.Newport, Frank. “War in Iraq. ” Gallup.com. 1 April 2003.

  9. US military expenditures to protect the use of Persian Gulf oil for motor vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

    2008-01-01

    economic costs of the war in Iraq. Working Paper 05-19, AEI-The economic costs of the Iraq War: an appraisal three yearsA. , 2006. The cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and other global

  10. The Deterrable 'Undeterrables'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boo, Carina

    2010-01-01

    Kelly. "Dozens Killed in Iraq Church Siege." NPR 1 Nov.Thomas. "Thinking About Iraq (I)." The New York Times. 22Suicide Bomber Kills 40 in Iraq." USA TODAY. 13 Feb. 2009.

  11. The Return of the Battle of Algiers in Mediterranean Shadows: Race, Resistance and Victimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Riley, Michael

    2010-01-01

    to the American occupation in Iraq acquired the profile of aanalogous conflicts in Iraq after September 11th, the filmof the film in its war on Iraq, evoked discourses rooted in

  12. Another Viewpoint (AVP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuma, Elias H

    2011-01-01

    Wars in the Middle East: Sudan, Iraq, and Israel/Palestine ANon-Partisan Approach to Iraq The Myth of Hizbullah’sand Should Withdraw from Iraq: Sooner Rather than Later An

  13. Text Queries on Document Time Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baeza-Yates, Ricardo

    Retrieved for Query "iraq war" #12;Smoothed Timeline for "iraq war" #12;Temporal Models Goal: Estimate;Documents Retrieved for Query "iraq war" #12;Weighted by Document Relevance #12;Smoothed with Background

  14. National Insecurity and Human Rights: Democracies Debate Counterterrorism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brysk, Alison; Shafir, Gershon

    2007-01-01

    Justice: Hegemony, Iraq and International Law. ” In Judges,to Bring Democracy to Iraq. New York: Henry Holt. Dionne, E.2005a. “Demystifying Iraq? ” New Centennial Review 5(1):43–

  15. Essays on Impact Evaluation in Labor and Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christensen, Garret Smyth

    2011-01-01

    Recruits and Monthly Iraq/Afghanistan Combat Deaths . Statein afghanistan and iraq. NBER Working Paper 16152, JulyThe electoral cost of war: Iraq casualties and the 2004 u.s.

  16. American Torture: The Price Paid, the Lessons Learned

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajjar, Lisa

    2009-01-01

    the GITMO commander went to Iraq to advise on interrogationcaptured and detained in Iraq). These torture-permissiveCIA or Special Forces. In Iraq, the number rose at the end

  17. Escorted Ethnography: Ethics, the Human Terrain System and American Anthropology in Conflict

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daily, Eric

    2010-01-01

    2008. Moment of Truth in Iraq. United States: Richardand Jessica Delaney. eds. 2007. “Iraq under the surge”. TheIssue 02. April 1. 2008. “Iraq after the surge: Governance

  18. FITTING AND COMPARISON OF MODELS FOR MULTIVARIATE ORDINAL OUTCOMES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeliazkov, Ivan; Graves, Jennifer; Kutzbach, Mark

    2008-01-01

    about the economy, the war in Iraq, and President George W.ce, approval of the war in Iraq, and status of the nationalshare a lower opinion of the Iraq war and George W. Bush’s

  19. International Migration and Human Rights: The Global Repercussions of U.S. Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martínez, Samuel

    2009-01-01

    library/index/engasa170212004. ———. 2005. Iraq: Decades ofBrookings Institution. 2009. Iraq Index: Tracking VariablesSecurity in Post-Saddam Iraq. http://www.brookings.edu/

  20. Iraqi Exiles Find New Lives in Bay Area, Reflect on War's Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed, Huda

    2010-01-01

    passed since the U. S. invasion of Iraq. Do you think theinvasion was worth it? Is Iraq a better place today, and areU.S. should have liberated Iraq a long time ago. I think it

  1. Smyrna's Ashes: Humanitarianism, Genocide, and the Birth of the Middle East

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tusan, Michelle

    2012-01-01

    1997. Sluglett, Peter. Britain in Iraq: Contriving King anddiscussed as part of the Iraq settle- ment immediately afterBrit- ish Library. 119. “Iraq settlement,” as discussed in T

  2. Framing, Death, and Democracy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakoff, George

    2007-01-01

    now sending more troops to Iraq, despite the fact that hishe is doing it? To give Iraq a government that responds toWednesday is not whether Iraq will have a democracy, but

  3. An All Women's Response to War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean, Rebecca

    2008-01-01

    war and aggression in Iraq are on the forefront of manyfifth anniversary of the war in Iraq, the issue Masculinistand occupation of Afghanistan and Iraq; and the use of war,

  4. Go Global Newsletter, Winter/Spring 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Global & International Studies

    2006-01-01

    the World Tribunal on Iraq, June 2005 Report and CommentaryFalk The World Tribunal on Iraq (WTI) held its final sessionsixteen condemnations of the Iraq War held worldwide in the

  5. The Rise and Fall of the Bush Doctrine: the Impact on Transatlantic Relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaisse Vaďsse, Justin

    2006-01-01

    your imagination. Imagine "Iraq" never took place. We'rebut no intervention in Iraq happened. What's the picture ? -the road. So if you take Iraq out of the picture, it's hard

  6. Traumatic Brain Injury and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in OEF/OIF Veterans : : A Combined Diffusion Tensor Imaging and Cortical Thickness Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorg, Scott Francis

    2013-01-01

    R. L. (2004). Combat duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, mentalU.S. soldiers returning from iraq. N.Engl.J.Med. , 358, 453-white matter integrity in Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans.

  7. Soldiers performing/performing soldiers : spectacular catharsis, perpetual rehearsal, and theatricality in the US infantry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gill, Zachary Whitman

    2009-01-01

    703040339/-1/topics01>. “Iraq Veterans Air Their Anger on anMarines for Reality of Iraq. ” Narr. Guy Raz. All ThingsPress, 1996. Chan, Sue. “Iraq Faces Massive Us Missile

  8. From the End of History to Nostalgia: The Manchurian Candidate, Then and Now

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, Junghyun

    2010-01-01

    histories  from  Korea  to  Iraq  become  silenced  while historical referent, such as Iraq or the war on terrorism, with the US invasion of Iraq in  the  1991  Gulf  War—an 

  9. America's Next Top Model: The Philippines and the U.S. Empire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shalom, Stephen R

    2006-01-01

    Since the liberation of Iraq, we have discovered Saddam'sprovides a good model for Iraq today. That war, Boot wroteaccurate, the civilian toll in Iraq is already three times

  10. Prime Ministers, Presidentialism, and Westminster Smokescreens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bevir, Mark

    2006-01-01

    Deception? New Labour, Iraq and the misuse of power. London:term, despite the war in Iraq and its aftermath, ministersdome, and the invasion of Iraq and the failure to find

  11. Combat-related blast injuries : injury types and outcomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eskridge, Susan Lindsay

    2011-01-01

    U.S. Soldiers returning from Iraq. N Engl J Med. Jan Helmickmilitary convoys in Iraq: an examination of battle injuriesdistinguishing injury of the Iraq war. Brain Injury Resource

  12. Whose Betrayal?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakoff, George

    2007-01-01

    is essential to bringing an end to the tragedy in Iraq.what everyone knows: the Iraq war is largely about oil." Notled the supporters of the Iraq occupation to endlessly evoke

  13. U. S. Military Expenditures to Protect the Use of Persian Gulf Oil for Motor Vehicles: Report #15 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

    2006-01-01

    A. Belasco, The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Globaland After the 2003 Invasion of Iraq: Cluster Sample Survey,”after the 2003 Invasion of Iraq: a Cross-Sectional Cluster

  14. Problems with Anger and Violence Among United States Military Service Members

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worthen, Miranda E.

    2012-01-01

    U.S. veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. Mil Medin support of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Am J PublicPatients Returning From Iraq and Afghanistan. American

  15. Thursday, May 3, 2012 Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    storage systems are magnetic structures composed of thin layers, such as spin tunnel junctions. In such devices the microstructure and chemical profile across the layers are critical in determining the magnetic of magnetic nanostructures such as patterned exchange- biased magnetic disks and artificial spin ices

  16. COLLOQUIUM: Technical Aspects of the Iran Nuclear Agreement | Princeton

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &BradburyMay 1, 2013, 4:15pmEnergy | PrincetonPlasma Physics

  17. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600 Charged Domain Walls in Ferroelectrics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowaOctober 5,December 10,

  18. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600 Determination of CO, H

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowaOctober 5,December

  19. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600 Environmental Transmission Electron Microscopy for Catalysis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowaOctober 5,DecemberApril 26,

  20. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600 Fighting Cancer with Nanoparticle Medicines

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowaOctober 5,DecemberApril

  1. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600 Transport Measurements by Scanning Probe Microscopy:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowaOctoberNovember 3, 2011March

  2. January 30, 2016: Science on Saturday: Dealing with Iran's Nuclear

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation CurrentHenryInhibitingInteractivePGASelectronJames17January 26, 2016 January

  3. Learn More About the Historic Iran Deal | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse Bergkamp GraduateResidential EnergyOrganization » Leadership AboutLearn

  4. Science on Saturday: Dealing With Iran's Nuclear Program | Princeton Plasma

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque| StanfordOffice of Science (SC) SULI HomeInfluence C.Physics

  5. International Herald Tribune > Editorials & Commentary > Let's go on a... http://www.iht.com/articles/2005/02/02/news/edwhy.php 1 of 1 10/23/2005 7:13 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahadevan, L.

    .cupim.org Eye on Iraq What's Next in Iraq? Common Cause wants to tell you. www.CommonBlog.org Should U.S. Leave Iraq? Take Our Iraq Survey And Get Paid $300 In The Next 15 Minutes! Ahwa.org Iraq War: Not Bush's Idea Two small, powerful organizations planned Iraq War before 9/11. zFacts.com $ - . / #0 $ -1 / 0 2 / - 3

  6. Dr. Smith Goes to Washington: A Physicist Wanders the Halls of Congress

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tannenbaum, Benn (American Association for the Advancement of Science, Center for Science, Technology, and Security Policy) [American Association for the Advancement of Science, Center for Science, Technology, and Security Policy

    2005-03-23

    Dr. Tannenbaum was the 2002-2003 APS Congressional Science Fellow. He worked in the office of U.S. Rep. Edward Markey (D-MA) on nuclear nonproliferation issues. His work in Congressman Markey's office focused on issues including missile defense, the nuclear program in Iran, prevention of the transfer of U.S. nuclear technology to North Korea, and the security of nuclear sites in Iraq. Dr. Tannenbaum will discuss this experience and observations concerning 'underinformed and uninformed' decision-making in Congress. He will also briefly discuss goals of the Center for Science, Technology and Security Policy at the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Finally, he will discuss ways in which physicists can get more involved in the political process.

  7. Artificial Borders and Mass Violence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez, Nathan

    2014-01-01

    the Iraq-Syria border, 2014 (Vice News, The Islamic State,Islamic State (IS) group crossed over from Syria into Iraq

  8. Darrie Ganzhorn: Director of Programs and Operations, Homeless Garden Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reti, Irene H.

    2010-01-01

    coming back from the war in Iraq been working with you?right now, but they’re not Iraq war veterans. There is that

  9. Alias-i ThreatTrackersTM Breck Baldwin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    topic like the unfolding political situation in Iraq into specifications including people, places an information gathering topic like the unfolding political situation in Iraq into specifications including

  10. Exit Wound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holcombe, Hunter

    2012-01-01

    under age 35 killed in Iraq or Afghanistan, three die fromthe eye while serving in Iraq. After being told he is no

  11. Gas Centrifuges and Nuclear Proliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, David

    2004-09-15

    Gas centrifuges have been an ideal enrichment method for a wide variety of countries. Many countries have built gas centrifuges to make enriched uranium for peaceful nuclear purposes. Other countries have secretly sought centrifuges to make highly enriched uranium for nuclear weapons. In more recent times, several countries have secretly sought or built gas centrifuges in regions of tension. The main countries that have been of interest in the last two decades have been Pakistan, Iraq, Iran, and North Korea. Currently, most attention is focused on Iran, Pakistan, and North Korea. These states did not have the indigenous abilities to make gas centrifuges, focusing instead on illicit and questionable foreign procurement. The presentation covered the following main sections: Spread of centrifuges through illicit procurement; Role of export controls in stopping proliferation; Increasing the transparency of gas centrifuge programs in non-nuclear weapon states; and, Verified dismantlement of gas centrifuge programs. Gas centrifuges are important providers of low enriched uranium for civil nuclear power reactors. They also pose special nuclear proliferation risks. We all have special responsibilities to prevent the spread of gas centrifuges into regions of tension and to mitigate the consequences of their spread into the Middle East, South Asia, and North Asia.

  12. 420 West 118th St, New York, NY 10027 | http://energypolicy.columbia.edu | @ColumbiaUEnergy 1 June 14, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    explored among the main hydrocarbon basins in Iraq, and it is thought to contain more natural gas than oil ISSUE BRIEF: IRAQ'S OIL SECTOR BACKGROUND Oil prices rise on Iraq turmoil Oil markets have reacted strongly to the turmoil in Iraq, the world's seventh largest oil producer, in recent weeks. International

  13. The Rise and Fall of the Bush Doctrine: the Impact on Transatlantic Relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaisse Vaďsse, Justin

    2006-01-01

    problems of terrorism, nuclear proliferation and instabilityterms of fighting nuclear proliferation, here again the Iraq

  14. A Novel Comprehensive Database for Arabic Off-Line Handwriting Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suen, Ching Y.

    such as Algeria, Bahrain, The Comoros, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco

  15. COMING SOON --A Century of Reaching Higher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neimark, Alexander V.

    him: serving with the National Guard on the outskirts of Tikrit, Iraq. Velez was deployed to Iraq in the Division Medical Supply Office that served about 95 American units in northern Iraq. His main duty to the right places in a timely manner. Because Iraq is a war where there are "no traditional front lines," his

  16. Dr. Moayad A. Fadhil Nationality: Iraqi.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -mail:moaid_af@yahoo.com mathami@philadelphia.edu.jo PERSONAL DATA Birth Date: 1953 Place: Baghdad, Iraq Married, 3 children Baghdad, Iraq 1987 ­ 1989 M.Sc. in Computer Science, Integrity of Data Base Design University of Technology Baghdad, Iraq 1971 ­ 1976 B.Sc in Statistics University of Baghdad, Iraq WORKING EXPERIENCE 2008

  17. COALITION PROVISIONAL AUTHORITY ORDER NUMBER 17 STATUS OF THE COALITION, FOREIGN LIAISON MISSIONS, THEIR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    and development of Iraq, Noting that states are sending Foreign Liaison Mission Personnel to Iraq, Conscious State" means the state providing Coalition Personnel as part of the Coalition in Iraq or the state or individuals not normally resident in Iraq supplying goods and/or services to or on behalf of the Coalition

  18. Semantic-Based Temporal Text-Rule Mining Kjetil Nrvag

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nřrvĺg, Kjetil

    is to find and/or verify temporal patterns: UK Bush Paris world weather dance Iraq dog Trondheim UK Bush Paris finances buy Iraq ISMIS university travel UK USA Enron money Time Temporal pattern (UK Bush) (Iraq) ? dance Iraq dog Trondheim In the example above, one possible temporal rule is the terms1 UK and Bush

  19. Information Systems Analysis and Design csc340 2003 John Mylopoulos and Steve Easterbrook Conceptual Modeling --1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mylopoulos, John

    This is clause 4 from the UN Security Council resolution 1441: [on Iraq] "Decides that false statements or omissions in the declarations submitted by Iraq pursuant to this resolution and failure by Iraq at any time material breach of Iraq's obligations and will be reported to the Council for assessment in accordance

  20. Keynote at SIGIR 2011, July 26, 2011, Beijing, China Beyond Search: Statistical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhai, ChengXiang

    Articles Common Themes "Vietnam" specific "Afghan" specific "Iraq" specific United nations ... ... ... Death of people ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Vietnam War Afghan War Iraq War CNN Fox BBC Before 9/11 During Iraq war Post-Iraq war US blog European blog Asian blog What's in common? What's unique? 3 #12

  1. HITIQA: A Data Driven Approach to Interactive Analytical Question Sharon Small and Tomek Strzalkowski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the nuclear arms program be- tween Russia and Iraq? HITIQA: [responses and clarifications] User: Who financed the nuclear arms program in Iraq? HITIQA:... User: Has Iraq been able to import uranium? HITIQA:... User: What type of debt does exist between Iraq and Russia? FIGURE 1a: A fragment of analytic session 2 Factoid vs

  2. Gulf Cooperation Council: Arabia's model of integration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Etaibi, G.T.

    1984-01-01

    This study is an analysis of the foundations and emergence in 1981 of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), which consists of six traditional Arab Gulf states (the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar, and Kuwait). It finds the GCC to be a unique case among twentieth-century integrative schemes. The study also identifies and analyzes relevant local, regional, and international forces. Among the local forces are traditional religio-political systems, economic dependence on a depletable resource, and the presence of a large number of foreign residents. On the regional level, this study takes into consideration such issues as the Arab League, Arab Nationalism, and the Islamic revolutionary movement in Iran. On the international level, the influence of the superpowers and the major industrialized nations on the emergence and future of the GCC Community are analyzed. Throughout the past decade there has been a growing scholarly interest in the Gulf region. In preparation for this study, the author relied heavily on the literature generated by this new research, as well as on documents and official publications, mostly in Arabic. A survey was conducted among a limited number of GCC graduate students during the summer of 1983. In addition, interviews with selected members of the GCC Secretariat-General and various member-state officials were conducted during a research trip in the region in the spring of 1984.

  3. Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seljan, Samuel Sierra

    2010-01-01

    of the disruption of oil production and distribution in therespect to Persian Gulf oil production, since it reflectssectors, especially oil production and drilling sectors.

  4. Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seljan, Samuel Sierra

    2010-01-01

    in the price of oil have cut demand for automobile, airline,that increases short-term demand for oil. 10 More generally,short-term spikes in the demand for oil have had as large an

  5. Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seljan, Samuel Sierra

    2010-01-01

    Consumer Staples Energy Finance Health Care IndustrialsFinance** Cumulative Abnormal Returns Telecom** Energy* TwoEnergy** Telecom** Utilities** Consumer Discretionary* Health Care Materials Consumer Staples Industrials** Finance*

  6. Interactions between Night Vision and Brownout Accidents: The Loss of a UK RAF Puma Helicopter on Operational Duty in Iraq, November 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Chris

    Interactions between Night Vision and Brownout Accidents: The Loss of a UK RAF Puma Helicopter particles, typically from helicopter downwash. We present a detailed case study of the loss of a Royal Air, including `brown out' conditions. Introduction There have been more than 120 US Army helicopter crashes

  7. Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seljan, Samuel Sierra

    2010-01-01

    Agent Problem Goes to War. ” American Journal of PoliticalExplanations For War. ” International Organization Fordham,2007. “Diamonds Are Forever, Wars Are Not: Is Conflict Bad

  8. Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seljan, Samuel Sierra

    2010-01-01

    Oil & Gas Refining 0.074** (0.029) Materials Finance -Oil Shocks, Military Spending, and Other Driving Forces. ” International FinanceOil Shocks, Military Spending, and Other Driving Forces. ” International Finance

  9. Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seljan, Samuel Sierra

    2010-01-01

    increase short-term oil prices, investment opportunities infor oil drilling, which would be a good investment relativeoil and other energy related industries. On the other hand, industries in which consumer demand and investment

  10. Keynote Address: "Challenges and Opportunities for Business in an Islamic Environment."

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abou-Ali, Sultan

    2006-04-07

    : Deputy Chairman, Investment Authority and Free Zones, Egypt. 1974 to 1984 : Professor of Economics and Chairman of the Economics Department, Zagazig University. 1972 to 1978 : Economic Advisor, Kuwait Development Fund, Kuwait... in Egypt. 1982-1984 : Ad-hoc advisory jobs to the World Bank. 1992 : Ad-hoc committe at African Development Bank on its role in promoting the African Economic Community. 1996-1997 : Senior Advisor, Kuwait Fund for Development. MEMBERSHIPS: 1...

  11. Explaining the causes and consequences of internationally monitored elections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyde, Susan Dayton

    2006-01-01

    Yemen, Senegal, Lebanon* Comoros, Fiji, South Korea, TheArgentina, Belize, Chile, Comoros, Congo Brazzaville*,occurred in Jamaica (1983), Comoros (1996), Kuwait (1990),

  12. Demand and Price Uncertainty: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, K. Rebecca

    2013-01-01

    Sterner. 1991. Analysing gasoline demand elasticities: A2011. Measuring global gasoline and diesel price and incomeMutairi. 1995. Demand for gasoline in Kuwait: An empirical

  13. EIA Energy Information Administration

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    issue an operational flow order on Wednesday to limit customer pulls. The White House, IEA, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwaits willingness to compensate for the 2-million plus barrels...

  14. Validation of the Persian Version of the 8-Item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) in Iranian Hypertensive Patients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    of hypertension in Iran: second National Surveillance ofMedical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran Cardiovascular Researchof Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran Private Practice, Zahedan

  15. The Politics of Oil Nationalizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahdavi, Paasha

    2015-01-01

    Resource nationalism in Iran vs. Saudi Arabia . . . . . . .foreign and host state, Iran versus Saudi Arabia, 1938-production in the 1930-1950 period, Iran compared to Saudi

  16. Constitutionalism and the Republic: Understanding Iranian Constitutional Development from 1906 to 1989

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radd, Benjamin

    2015-01-01

    in the Ottoman Empire, Iran, and Russia, 1905-1908."  Amir.   After Khomeini: Iran under his successors. OxfordThe Islamic revolution in Iran. Oxford University Press,

  17. For immediate release --November 24, 2014 University of Lethbridge highlights for the week of November 24 to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Joy

    . Christopher Kukucha and Dr. John von Heyking. ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) is a terrorist organization formerly known as al Qaeda in Iraq. Earlier this year, ISIS

  18. Paper ID# 901456.PDF Page 1 of 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    @satechnologies.com haydee.cuevas@satechnologies.com dan.colombo@statechnologies.com ABSTRACT Recent operations in Iraq will be empowered to make better decisions. Recent operations in Iraq and Afghanistan have confirmed that in order

  19. www.xinhuanet.com XINHUA online

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for rebuilding Iraq. In their meeting at the premier's office, the two also agreed that Japan and France should. On Iraq, the two stressed the importance of international efforts and of United Nations involvement

  20. Determining the Sentiment of Opinions Soo-Min Kim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : "I think that attacking Iraq would put the US in a difficult position" (implicit) "The US attack on Iraq is wrong" (explicit) "I like Ike" (explicit) "We should decrease our dependence on oil" (implicit

  1. The Military Balance in the Middle East: An Executive Summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordesman, Anthony H.

    1999-01-01

    Energy Organization of Iran, the Laser Research Center andAlgeria. Iran began to show a renewed interest in laser

  2. Failure to catalyze : why IMF- supported programs fail to promote investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Racenberg, Molly Bauer

    2011-01-01

    Canada, Germany) (Russia, Iran, Turkey) (Canada, Mexico, UK)Belgium Spain Germany Italy Russia Algeria Iran Turkey Saudi

  3. Suliman S. Olayan School of Business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Program Wassim Dbouk Director of the Master's Program In Finance Riad Dimechkie Director of the Executive and President, Saudi Arabian Oil Company/ Dhahran, Saudi Arabia HE Najib Mikati Trustee, Prime Minister, Alghanim International Corporation/Kuwait H.E. Badr Al-Humaidhi Former Minister of Finance/Al Safat, Kuwait

  4. Reuters News Article http://www.reuters.com/printerFriendlyPopup.jhtml?type=topNews... 1 of 1 1/13/04 11:45 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the U.S.-led war in Iraq, has backed the remote northern Japanese fishing village of Rokkasho as ITER

  5. Optimal tasking of mobile autonomous sensing assets in uncertain adversarial settings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oran, Ali

    2010-01-01

    Iraq and Afghanistan using spy drones. The trouble is, thereyear, a single new Reaper drone will record 10 video feeds

  6. A systematic study of the president's effect on public opinion: the Bush administration 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartline, Kelly

    2013-02-22

    of sending troops to Saudi Arabia?, " "Do you favor going to war with Iraq?, " "How closely have you followed the situation in Iraq?, " and "Do you think the situation in Iraq was worth going to war over?" Each of these questions is relevant... policy, On the other hand, changes in support for going to war with Iraq demonstrates the president' s ability to change public opinion about a more general policy. Similar to the "most important problem" question, measuring how closely the public...

  7. 04/17/2007 10:06 PMDHL: Track details Page 1 of 2http://track.dhl-usa.com/TrackRslts.asp?nav=TrackRslt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartholdi III, John J.

    Date and Time Status Location 4/17/2007 10:17 am Shipment delivered. Baghdad, Iraq Why is this? 8:36 am With delivery courier. Baghdad, Iraq 4/16/2007 5:23 pm Arrived at DHL facility. Baghdad, Iraq 5:21 pm Arrived at DHL facility. Baghdad, Iraq 11:39 am Depart Facility. Manama, Bahrain 4/15/2007 9:36 am Arrived at DHL

  8. Support UCP today and make a difference in the lives of people

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    dispatch of third advance party to Iraq US plans to pull troops from Germany and reopen base in Turkey

  9. 2013 NASFAA 1 Military and Veterans Tips Tip Sheet for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and will be starting college soon. My dad, an Army officer, died in Iraq in 2007. I just filed a FAFSA on the Web programs for students like me? Yes. You may be eligible to receive an Iraq and Afghanistan Service Grant your parent or guardian died as a result of military service in Iraq or Afghanistan after 9/11/01 while

  10. Compiled by James A. Zeidler, Ph.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Posters: Iraq/Afghanistan (2007)...............................8-11 Egypt--Operation Bright Star (2009........................21 Country-Specific Web Sites for Iraq, Afghanistan, and Egypt (Revised 2010 among U.S. military personnel and DoD contractors in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Egypt of the importance

  11. Benjamin M. Wallen, PE, PMP Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Mission - Iraq: Course Director and Instructor, Project Management Professional (PMP) Course 2013 Course, Office of Security Cooperation - Iraq, June 2012-June 2013 Command and General Staff College, 2009 Director of Public Works, Khadimiyah District ­ Baghdad, Iraq, May ­ July 2003 Combined Arms Services Staff

  12. SAMPLING TECHNIQUES FOR JUVENILE PALLID STURGEON AND THE CONDITION AND FOOD HABITS OF STURGEON IN THE MISSOURI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a one year tour of duty over in Iraq with the North Dakota Army National Guard. I'm forever grateful after returning from Iraq. But most of all I thank my wife Bridgette. Her support and enthusiasm drives me to work harder and to succeed at all of my goals. Even after an entire year of being away in Iraq

  13. TCP-nets for Preferences over Sets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Domshlak, Carmel

    = |(emotion = neutral) (emotion = negative)| 2 P3 = |(country = Iraq) (topic = politics)| 2 P4 = |(topic, etc. · Country: Iraq, U.S.A, Italy, etc. · Topic: politics, weather, economy, culture, etc. · Emotion)| 2 P3 = |(country = Iraq) (topic = politics)| 2 P4 = |(topic = culture (emotion = positive)| 1

  14. Natural logic and natural language inference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    kidnapped in Iraq no P. The memorandum noted the United Nations estimated that 2.5 million to 3.5 million in Iraq as freelancer Jill Carroll. H. Jill Carroll was abducted in Iraq. If you can't recognize that P

  15. The BosTon College ChroniclemarCh 27, 2008 -VOL. 16 NO. 14

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    since the United States invaded Iraq, a milestone that formally passed earlier this month -- March 19 in these pages in relation to the Iraq War -- for their thoughts on the conflict, and how it has touched them. The war in Iraq has affected few in the Boston College com- munity as personally as Laura Sanchez Cross

  16. Michigan State of the State 35 Weight Variable: statewt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riley, Shawn J.

    ) 17 IR1 Iraq Justified 17 IR2 Cost/Benefits Iraq 18 dg1 Comfort - Central Database 19 dg2 Concerns Protecting Environment 41 ci1f Strong Leader 42 ci1g Reducing Unemployment 42 ci1h Iraq 43 vi1 Vote

  17. Graeme Hirst University of Toronto

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    paraphrase revisited The glass is bigger than it needs to be. #12;8 · The U.S.-led invasion of Iraq ... · The U.S.-led liberation of Iraq ... · The U.S.-led occupation of Iraq ... · "You're getting in the way

  18. Curriculum Vitae Prof. Kasim Mousa Al-Aubidy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    @gmail. Personal Data : PLACE OF BIRTH: Baghdad, IRAQ DATE OF BIRTH: 15-1-1958 STATUS: Married, Four children of Liverpool), ENGLAND, 1990. · M.Sc. in Computer Eng.(University of Technology), IRAQ, 1983. · B.Sc. in Computer Eng. (University of Technology), IRAQ, 1979. Experience: 1998- up-to-date: Philadelphia University

  19. Managing Risk in Disaster Scenarios with Autonomous Robots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, Vicki H.

    in 2001. Photograph by the Center for Robot-Assisted Search and Rescue Fig. 2. Robots in use in Iraq robots deployed to Iraq [3] and the robot was the center of a widespread controversy when it was claimed-Miller SWORDS robots. The middle robot is the type that was deployed to Iraq. Photograph by US Army. Fig. 4

  20. HumanWildlife Interactions 8(2):251260, Fall 2014 Wildlife strikes with U.S. military rotary-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    during deployments in the Middle East (e.g., Iraq), whereas, strikes to U.S. Air Force aircraft occurred, Iraq, military, rotary-wing aircraft, wildlife strikes During the last 2 decades, a great deal of armed conflict, and political upheaval has occurredintheMiddleEast(e.g.,Iraq)andsouth- central Asia (e