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  1. Profiteering on the Iran-Iraq war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brzoska, M.

    1987-06-01

    The military gear delivered from the US in the Iran-contra affair represents only a minor portion of arms sales to the combatants in the Iraq-Iran war. That war has now lasted more than six years and has deeply influenced the international arms market. Occurring during a period when other demand for arms has been relatively low, the war has nourished new suppliers and has revived both the legal and illegal private arms market. The erratic behavior of the USSR and the US, until recently by far the most important arms suppliers to the Third World, has pushed Iran and Iraq toward more commercially oriented sources, including many in the Third World. Both countries have had ample supplies of weapons during the war, and these weapons have served their purpose. Mainly because of its duration, the war already ranks third among post-World War II wars - after the Vietnam war and the Biafra war - in battlefield victims, with 300,000-500,000 casualties. The economic cost has risen to nearly $500 billion in weapons, destruction, and lost income. While it is hard to see anything but losers on the battlefield, the arms traffickers are profiting. Total Iranian arms imports since August 1980 have been higher than $10 billion, while Iraq has imported more than $30 billion worth. It is difficult to know whether making arms more difficult to obtain would have stopped the war, but judging from other recent wars, such as those between India and Pakistan, between Uganda and Tanzania, and in the Middle East, it seems likely that hostilities could have been stopped long ago. 12 references.

  2. Iran and Iraq - the proliferation challenge. Strategic research report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, F.R.

    1996-04-15

    Worldwide proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missiles has been on the rise since the end of the Cold War. This escalation has brought a new set of challenges to post-Cold War strategists and policymakers. This study focus on the impact of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East. It assesses the possibility of Iran`s and Iraq`s ability to develop a nuclear capability within the next twenty to thirty years. United States` strategy and policy to counter this potential is also considered.

  3. Letters to Financial Times, June 13, 2014 Iraq crisis offers Iran its chance . . .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letters to Financial Times, June 13, 2014 Iraq crisis offers Iran its chance . . . From Prof John Ure . Sir, The big story about the current crisis in Iraq surely is the opportunity it offers Iran-Assad in neighbouring Syria. Iran has already sent the Revolutionary Guard to help the government beat back the Islamic

  4. Higher prices or gasoline lines loom if Iran-Iraq war lasts into spring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madison, C.

    1981-01-17

    Policies for dealing with the gasoline shortage caused by the Iran-Iraq war are predicted. Options for allocations of existing supplies are discussed. (PSB)

  5. The cigarette “transit” road to the Islamic Republic of Iran and Iraq: Illicit tobacco trade in the Middle East

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01

    No. 303610452-524. Parker J. Iraq depending more on importedtrough the Silopi Pass into Iraq probably transport over aother goods imported into Iraq. . . . Cigarettes from Greek

  6. December 14 -16, 2010 Erbil (Kurdistan, Iraq) International Conference on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    December 14 - 16, 2010 Erbil (Kurdistan, Iraq) International Conference on Revitalizing Research in the Cooperation in Mathematics between France and several countries, including Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Iran, Iraq · 2000 : Iraq, Mission CIMPA (rapport en fran¸cais) · 2002 : Mission en Iraq et en Syrie (rapport en fran

  7. December 14 -16, 2010 Erbil (Kurdistan, Iraq) International Conference on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    December 14 - 16, 2010 Erbil (Kurdistan, Iraq) International Conference on Revitalizing Research in Mathematics between France and several countries, including Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Iran, Iraq, Mali, Nepal://www.math.jussieu.fr/miw/cooperations.html Moyen-Orient - Middle East · 2000 : Iraq, Mission CIMPA (rapport en fran¸cais) · 2002 : Mission en Iraq

  8. Out of the Mouth of the Leader: The Political Ideology of Ayatollah ‘Ali Hosseini Khamenei, Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hovsepian Bearce, Yvette

    2013-01-01

    Spiritual Leader Oks Talks On Iraq, But …. ” MSNBC.co, (16through the eight- year Iraq-Iran war. After the death ofthe U.S. Hostage Crisis .. 92 The Iran-Iraq

  9. Impacts of oil disturbances: lessons from experience. [1973-1974 Oil Crisis; 1978-1979 Iranian Revolution; 1980-1981 Iran-Iraq War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curlee, T R

    1983-01-01

    An analysis of the impacts of previous oil distrubances can be used to suggest the impacts of future oil disturbances. This paper reviews how the 1973-1974 Oil Crisis, the 1978-1979 Iranian Revolution, and the 1980-1981 Iran-Iraq War impacted the US and world oil markets. Various measures of impacts are considered, such as impacts on physical flows of crude and products, crude and product price changes on the US and world markets, impacts on stocks of crude and products, and impacts on refiners' inputs and outputs. Various macroeconomic indicators, such as gross national product, inflation rates, and unemployment, are also considered. Of particular interest in this study are the impacts that oil disturbances have had (and could have) on the availabilities of particular crude types and the abilities of US refiners to process crudes of various types in the short run. In addition, this paper reviews how the actions of the consuming countries and the major oil companies affected the impacts of past disturbances. The paper briefly discusses the likely causes and impacts of future oil distrubances and summarizes the lessons to be learned from past reactions to oil disturbances.

  10. Iraq: Eastern flank of the Arab world

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helms, C.M.

    1984-01-01

    Iraq, holding oil reserves second only to those of Saudi Arabia in the Middle East, is locked in a war with Iran whose outcome will affect Western energy supplies and the prospects for stability in the Arabian Gulf. Yet Iraq even now remains little known to Western governments and publics. This study is intended to enlarge understanding of Iraqi behavior and of the concerns that motivate its leaders. Rather than selecting issues of importance to other countries, the author focuses on the forces that influence policy formulation in Iraq and evokes the perspective from which the Iraqi government itself views its problems and sets its priorities. Part 1 examines the country's evolution into modern Iraq, explaining why problems that have recurred throughout Iraqi history have bedeviled all recent Iraqi governments and created tension between ''Iraq the nation'' and ''Iraq the state.'' Part 2 discusses the Arab Ba'th Socialist party, which has dominated Iraqi political life since 1968. The author neither condemns nor praises this controversial party and its current leader, President Saddam Husain, but seeks to explain why they have adopted the positions and taken the actions that have characterized their rule. Part 3 analyzes the war between Iraq and Iran, its causes, and the decisions Iraq has made in light of its goals and its assumptions about Iran. The author finds that this is not simply ''a war over borders'' but a deeper conflict between Islamic conservatism and Arab nationalism. Looking beyond the war, the final chapter assesses Iraq's potential importance in the Middle East and to the world economy. 8 figs.

  11. University Health Center Name The University of Georgia UGA ID # 81

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissinger, Jessica

    - Iran Myanmar Singapore Yemen Colombia Iraq Namibia Solomon Islands Zambia Comoros Japan Nauru Somalia

  12. International Law and the War in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, John C.

    2003-01-01

    and sanctions regime against Iraq and Kuwait); SC Res. 662 (Resolution 678, which gave Iraq until January 15, 1991, toto bring charges against Iraq for its violations of

  13. Iraq and the Betrayal of Trust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakoff, George

    2007-01-01

    Iraq and the Betrayal of Trust —~Enstitute 11/‘U103 9143 9“ a Iraq and the Betrayal of TrustBetrayal? , Oil and Betrayal in Iraq, and The Senate Votes

  14. War in Iraq: an Impending Refugee Crisis?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loescher, Gil

    2003-01-01

    refugee consequences of a conflict in Iraq at their peril.IMMIGRATION STUDIES War in Iraq: An Impending RefugeeCalifornia 92093-0510 War in Iraq: An Impending Refugee

  15. Iraq and the utilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Studness, C.M.

    1990-09-13

    This article discusses the possible impact on the public utilities of the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. The author feels the industry is in better shape to weather this than the energy crisis of 1973 and 1974. However regulatory policies that prohibit some utilities from recovering fuel costs through rate adjustments may cause distress for some. The author feels that a revision of regulatory policies is needed.

  16. COMMENTARY: What to Expect from US "Democracy Promotion" in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, William I.

    2004-01-01

    Democracy Promotion” in Iraq William I. Robinson Universityfor “promoting democracy” in Iraq is an integral componentinvasion and occupation of Iraq and they face an expanding

  17. A Nuclear Iran? Why this particular topic?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    A Nuclear Iran? #12;#12;Why this particular topic? · State Department internship · Personal · NPT (Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty) developed after WWII and Japan · IAEA (International Atomic of capacity #12;Iran's nuclear program · Initiated in 1959 · Strong ties to Russia, China and Pakistan · 2002

  18. The IAEA: Neutralizing Iraq's nuclear weapons potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zifferero, M.

    1993-04-01

    With support from UNSCOM and staff members from several countries, the IAEA has succeeded in identifying and destroying most of Iraq's nuclear weapons potential. IAEA activities in Iraq have also established a sound basis for long-term monitoring of Iraq. This will involve several procedures and techniques, including the periodic monitoring of Iraq's main bodies of water and unannounced visits of resident inspectors to plants, factories, and research centers.

  19. Iraq`s significant hydrocarbon potential remains relatively undeveloped

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    AL-Gailani, M. [GeoDesign Ltd., Kingston-upon-Thames (United Kingdom)

    1996-07-29

    Iraq is probably one of the least explored countries in the Middle East, despite the fact that it possesses one of the richest hydrocarbon basins in the world almost on a par to Saudi Arabia`s potential, if not more. The aim of this article is to state the facts about Iraq and focus on the huge but untapped and undeveloped hydrocarbon resources to the international oil community. Perhaps it is best to start by describing briefly the sedimentary and tectonic elements responsible for accumulating such large hydrocarbon resources. The paper describes the basin, tectonic elements, structural anomalies, deep drilling, source rocks, reservoir rocks, characteristics, and new reserves.

  20. Invasion of Iraq & Looting of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Invasion of Iraq & Looting of the National Museum Army Reserve Major Corine Wegener is mobilized for Everyone (SAFE) develops the DoD Iraq & Afghanistan Heritage Reference Websites. DoD hosts a symposium Iraq/Afghanistan Playing Cards sent to US military locations and in-theatre. CENTCOM Historical

  1. Traumatic Brain Injury: The “Signature Injury” of the Iraq War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aftandilians, Tania

    2009-01-01

    news/nationworld/iraq/bal- factorvii,0,2855253.storygallery?The “Signature Injury” of the Iraq War by Tania Aftandiliansremains undi- lives in Iraq; however, funding is severely

  2. Iran at the Crossroads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pahlavi, Reza

    2001-01-01

    the Clerical Regime in Iran in order to stage the perceptionthat political candidates in Iran are exclusively confinedstyle charade, as a sign of Iran's flourishing new democracy

  3. Iraq's secret nuclear weapons program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, J.C. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)); Kay, D.A. (Uranium Institute, London (United Kingdom))

    1992-07-01

    UN inspectors discovered an electromagnetic isotope separation factory that put Iraq just 18-30 months away from having enough material for a bomb. They also found European centrifuge technology and plans for an implosion device. The inspections of Iraq mandated by the United Nations as a cease-fire condition at the end of the Gulf War in February 1991 have revealed a clandestine nuclear materials production and weapons design program of unexpected size and sophistication. The total value of that program, in terms of equipment and personnel deployed between 1981 and 1991, may be on the order of $5-10 billion. The program employed an estimated 7000 scientist and 20,000 workers. 6 refs., 4 figs.

  4. Iran in History Iran in History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    1 Iran in History Iran in History by Bernard Lewis In attempting to attain some perspective on Iran. These events have been variously seen in Iran: by some as a blessing, the advent of the true faith, the end remarkable difference between what happened in Iran and what happened in all the other countries

  5. Design issues concerning Iran`s Bushehr nuclear power plant VVER-1000 conversion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carson, C.F.

    1996-12-31

    On January 8, 1995, the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) signed a contract for $800 million with the Russian Federation Ministry for Atomic Energy (Minatom) to complete Bushehr nuclear power plant (BNPP) unit 1. The agreement called for a Russian VVER-1000/320 pressurized water reactor (PWR) to be successfully installed into the existing German-built BNPP facilities in 5 yr. System design differences, bomb damage, and environmental exposure are key issues with which Minatom must contend in order to fulfill the contract. The AEOI under the Shah of Iran envisioned Bushehr as the first of many nuclear power plants, with Iran achieving 24 GW(electric) by 1993 and 34 GW(electric) by 2000. Kraftwerk Union AG (KWU) began construction of the two-unit plant near the Persian Gulf town of Halileh in 1975. Unit 1 was {approx}80% complete and unit 2 was {approx}50% complete when construction was interrupted by the 1979 Iranian Islamic revolution. Despite repeated AEOI attempts to lure KWU and other companies back to Iran to complete the plant, Western concerns about nuclear proliferation in Iran and repeated bombings of the plant during the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq war dissuaded Germany from resuming construction.

  6. Humanity Must Be Defended: War, Politics and Humanitarian Relief in Iraq, 1990-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntyre, Adrian

    2010-01-01

    Yaphe, Judith S. 2004. “Iraq Considered: Review Article. ”Post-war Reconstruction in Iraq: The Case Study of BasrahWord: Political Discourse in Iraq. Oxford University Press.

  7. Iraq's nuclear hide-and-seek

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, D. (Friends of the Earth, Washington, DC (United States)); Hibbs, M.

    1991-09-01

    The revelation that Iraq had spent as much as $8 billion on its calutron program implies that Iraq sought to develop a large and renewable weapons material stockpile. While the calutron revelations are alarming, a nuclear weapons program requires more than equipment to produce fissile materials. Iraq lacked the hands-on experience required to nudge its fledgling gas centrifuge program out of the laboratory and into the large-scale production phase. No information to date suggests that Iraq would have escaped serious difficulties as it moved from a calutron pilot stage to large-scale production of highly enriched uranium. The revelations have raised hard questions about the quality of reconnaissance information on Iraq's nuclear effort. But the heat fingerprints left by a large calutron production plant would become visible only after the facility was producing enriched uranium. Tracking down and eliminating Iraq's nuclear weapons capabilities under the terms of Resolution 687, and a continued embargo to halt imports of relevant technologies and equipment, will be the most effective way to prevent Iraq's nuclear program from resurfacing.

  8. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea (DPRK) Korea (RK) Kuwait Crudo Oil (t) Exports Imports Petroleum

  9. Iraq: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01

    This paper reports that no reliable information on Iraqi E and P operations and only a few reports on oil field facilities damage have been available since last August. Most of what is known originated from the Middle East Economic Survey (MEES), the authoritative newsletter covering the Middle East. According to MEES reports in major northern oil fields (Kirkuk, Bai Hasan and Jambur) is put at 800,000 bpd. The northern fields and the pipeline system through Turkey to the Mediterranean Sea that serves as an export outlet for the area apparently were not damaged much by coalition air strikes or subsequent fighting by the Kurds. Last May production was estimated at 250,000 bpd, presumably from northern fields. If and when U.N. sanctions are lifted, Iraq should be able to export promptly through the Turkish line.

  10. Iraq nuclear facility dismantlement and disposal project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, J.R.; Danneels, J. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Kenagy, W.D. [U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, Office of Nuclear Energy, Safety and Security, Washington, DC (United States); Phillips, C.J.; Chesser, R.K. [Center for Environmental Radiation Studies, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX (United States)

    2007-07-01

    The Al Tuwaitha nuclear complex near Baghdad contains a significant number of nuclear facilities from Saddam Hussein's dictatorship. Because of past military operations, lack of upkeep and looting there is now an enormous radioactive waste problem at Al Tuwaitha. Al Tuwaitha contains uncharacterised radioactive wastes, yellow cake, sealed radioactive sources, and contaminated metals. The current security situation in Iraq hampers all aspects of radioactive waste management. Further, Iraq has never had a radioactive waste disposal facility, which means that ever increasing quantities of radioactive waste and material must be held in guarded storage. The Iraq Nuclear Facility Dismantlement and Disposal Program (the NDs Program) has been initiated by the U.S. Department of State (DOS) to assist the Government of Iraq (GOI) in eliminating the threats from poorly controlled radioactive materials, while building human capacities so that the GOI can manage other environmental cleanups in their country. The DOS has funded the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to provide technical assistance to the GOI via a Technical Cooperation Project. Program coordination will be provided by the DOS, consistent with U.S. and GOI policies, and Sandia National Laboratories will be responsible for coordination of participants and for providing waste management support. Texas Tech University will continue to provide in-country assistance, including radioactive waste characterization and the stand-up of the Iraq Nuclear Services Company. The GOI owns the problems in Iraq and will be responsible for the vast majority of the implementation of the NDs Program. (authors)

  11. Brussels, 29 April 2005 EU-JAPAN Summit -2 May 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy Javier Solana. Discussions will cover of key international issues including relations with China, the Korean Peninsula, Russia, Iran and Iraq and security, enhancing trade, working together to tackle global challenges and the bringing together of people

  12. Iraq's Oil Tomorrow Valerie Marcel, Senior Research Fellow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Iraq's Oil Tomorrow April 2003 By Valerie Marcel, Senior Research Fellow John V. Mitchell the prior permission of the copyright holder. #12;Iraq's Oil Tomorrow 2 Introduction Public perceptions that the American-led military campaign against Iraq is fuelled by oil are widespread in Europe and in the Middle

  13. Ongoing monitoring and verification in Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trevan, T.

    1994-05-01

    When Iraq informed the United Nations last November 26 that it would cooperate in implementing the plans to monitor compliance with its obligations not to reacquire weapons banned under the ceasefire agreements following the Gulf War, it signalled an apparent policy reversal after two years of difficulties, deadlocks and limited cooperation. While claiming never to have rejected the plans to implement nationwide monitoring and inspections to prevent the import or manufacture of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and long-range ballistic missiles, Iraq consistently spoke of the plans in terms of political, if not legal, rejection.

  14. Gays and Lesbians at War: Military Service in Iraq and Afghanistan Under “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Nathaniel

    2004-01-01

    AT WAR: MILITARY SERVICE IN IRAQ AND AFGHANISTAN UNDER “DON’wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Despite widespread knowledgeused before sites in Iraq and Afghanistan were improved, as

  15. Mark Twain's 'the War-Prayer'—Reflections on Vietnam and Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lan, Mông-

    2009-01-01

    Re?ections on Vietnam and Iraq Mong-Lan Although he pennedVietnam and have become Iraq—with regard to the role playedwith America today in Iraq, there is no need to consider

  16. From Iraq to the US: A Refugee Trajectory of the Professional Class

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolins, Maia

    2011-01-01

    by Maia Wolins, 2011. [3] “Iraq: Latest Return Survey ShowsRosen, Nir. “The Flight From Iraq. ” The New York Times, 13From Iraq to the US: A Refugee Trajectory of the

  17. Essays on Fertility, Gender Preference and Family Planning in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GHOBADI, NEGAR

    2010-01-01

    Population Policy Changes in Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . .v 3.3.2 Iran’s Current Health Data . . . . . . . . . . . . .Case of Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  18. Secretary Bodman Visits Iraq | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterestedReplacement-2-AA-1 SECTIONEnergy ScientistsinArabVisits Iraq Secretary

  19. JPRS report supplement: Nuclear developments. Iraq -- Nuclear and missile proliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1990-09-14

    This document contains articles from foreign periodicals from throughout the world, translated into English, that concern nuclear developments, specifically nuclear and missile proliferation in Iraq.

  20. Study sizes up Iraq`s reserves, exploration status, production potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ibrahim, M.W. [Target Exploration Consultants, London (United Kingdom)

    1996-06-24

    Iraq has a volatile exploration and production history, but unlike more stable OAPEC countries it was National Oil Co. (INOC) rather than foreign oil companies that discovered most of the country`s proved oil reserves. Proved reserves are in Paleozoic, Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous, and Tertiary reservoirs charged by Silurian and Jurassic and/or Cretaceous source rocks. The pre-gulf war production capacity was 3.5 million b/d, but the country`s current damaged production capacity is about 2.5 million b/d. New discoveries have elevated Iraq`s proved reserves to 120 billion bbl of oil. The paper discusses exploration history, proven reserves, exploration plays, exploration potential, and production potential.

  1. Decommissioning of the Iraq former nuclear complex

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abbas, Mohammed [Ministry of Science and Technology (Iraq); Helou, Tuama; Ahmead, Bushra [Ministry of Environment (Iraq); Al-Atia, Mousa; Al-Mubarak, Mowaffak [Iraqi Radiation Sources Regulatory Authority (Iraq); Danneels, Jeffrey; Cochran, John; Sorenson, Ken [Sandia National Laboratories (United States); Coates, Roger [International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100 - 1400 Vienna (Austria)

    2007-07-01

    Available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: A number of sites in Iraq have some degree of radiological contamination and require decommissioning and remediation in order to ensure radiological safety. Many of these sites in Iraq are located at the nuclear research centre at Al Tuwaitha. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Board of Governors has approved a project to assist the Government of Iraq in the evaluation and decommissioning of former facilities that used radioactive materials. The project is divided into three phases: Phase 1: collect and analyze all available data and conduct training of the Iraqi staff, Phase 2: develop a decommissioning and remediation plan, and Phase 3: implement field activities relating to decommissioning, remediation and site selection suitable for final disposal of waste. Four working groups have been established to complete the Phase 1 work and significant progress has been made in drafting a new nuclear law which will provide the legal basis for the licensing of the decommissioning of the former nuclear complex. Work is also underway to collect and analysis existing date, to prioritize future activities and to develop a waste management strategy. This will be a long-term and costly project. (authors)

  2. Labs Race to Stop Iran"

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New York Times covers "National Labs Race to Stop Iran" May 15, 2015 National labs race to stop Iran Given the stakes in the sensitive negotiations with Iran, the labs would...

  3. Iraq's shop-till-you-drop nuclear program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, D. (Friends of the Earth, Washington, DC (United States)); Hibbs, M.

    1992-04-01

    In a series of articles that began in March 1991, the authors have tried to separate fact from fiction about Iraq's ability to build nuclear weapons and to produce material to fuel them. After exposing Iraq's efforts to enrich uranium and design an atomic bomb, UN and IAEA experts zeroed in on how Iraq put its program together. The basic answer is that along with determination and persistence, Iraq had a great deal of foreign help. Iraq's Petrochemical Three,' the secret nuclear program conducted under the authority of its Atomic Energy Commission with links to the Defense Ministry and the Ministry of Industry and Military Industrialization, received massive infusions of money and resources. Like the Manhattan Project that built the first atomic bombs in the United States, Iraq's program simultaneously pursued a number of different technical avenues to the bomb. Not knowing which efforts would succeed, Iraq poured billions of dollars into its multifaceted quest. Providing for these programs required the establishment of elaborate procurement networks in Europe, North America, and Asia. Like the technical quest, the procurement effort was carried out on many fronts at once. Diplomacy and secrecy were required, because few companies would knowingly supply a nuclear weapons program, or even a secret nuclear program that was ostensibly for civil purposes. Iraq showed great ingenuity in hiding its purchases behind such innocuous pursuits as automobile manufacturing, dairy production, and oil refining.

  4. Iraq hedges on arms inspections; CIA warns of ongoing programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolfsthal, J.

    1992-12-01

    International inspection terms received distinctly mixed signals from Iraqi officials during December inspection visits. Iraq's liasion to U.N. Special Commission (UNSCOM) inspection teams told the head of an UNSCOM chemical and biological weapons team that began a visit December 5 that Iraqi citizens would like to drink the blood' of the inspectors, and that Iraq would no longer cooperate with U.N. weapon inspection activities. An International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) nuclear inspection team in Iraq at the same time, however, was told by its chief Iraqi liasion officer that Baghdad was finally willing to answer questions about Iraq's foreign procurement network for nuclear equipment and technology. These contradictory developments came only days before the head of U.S. Intelligence made renewed allegations about Iraq's weapons capabilities.

  5. Iraq: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy ResourcesOrder at 8, 13Renewable PowerMismatchInformationPageIra,Iraq:

  6. Pachydermodactyly, a new case from Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zamanian, Abbas; Ansar, Akram

    2011-01-01

    Pachydermodactyly, a new case from Iran Abbas Zamanian MD8 1. Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 2.Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran Abstract Pachydermodactyly (

  7. Libraries and Human Rights: Iraq in the Crossfire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cloonan, Michè le V.

    2008-07-14

    Michčle V. Cloonan, Dean and Professor at the Simmons College Graduate School of Library & Information Science, presents "Libraries and Human Rights: Iraq in the Crossfire," April 3, 2008 at the Spooner Commons, University of Kansas. Presentation...

  8. Iraq's housing crisis : upgrading settlements for IDPS (internally displaced persons)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaikley, Layla Karim

    2013-01-01

    The most recent war in Iraq has resulted in a large wave of internal and external displacement with increased sectarian violence and ethnic tension. Subsequent conflict has exacerbated conditions within the nation and ...

  9. Support of the Iraq nuclear facility dismantlement and disposal program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coates, Roger [International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100 - 1400 Vienna (Austria); Cochran, John; Danneels, Jeff [Sandia National Laboratories (United States); Chesser, Ronald; Phillips, Carlton; Rogers, Brenda [Center for Environmental Radiation Studies, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409 (United States)

    2007-07-01

    Available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: Iraq's former nuclear facilities contain large quantities of radioactive materials and radioactive waste. The Iraq Nuclear Facility Dismantlement and Disposal Program (the Iraq NDs Program) is a new program to decontaminate and permanently dispose of radioactive wastes in Iraq. The NDs Program is led by the Government of Iraq, under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) auspices, with guidance and assistance from a number of countries. The U.S. participants include Texas Tech University and Sandia National Laboratories. A number of activities are ongoing under the broad umbrella of the Iraq NDs Program: drafting a new nuclear law that will provide the legal basis for the cleanup and disposal activities; assembly and analysis of existing data; characterization of soil contamination; bringing Iraqi scientists to the world's largest symposium on radioactive waste management; touring U.S. government and private sector operating radwaste disposal facilities in the U.S., and hosting a planning workshop on the characterization and cleanup of the Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Facility. (authors)

  10. Mental Health Diagnoses and Utilization of VA Non-Mental Health Medical Services Among Returning Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Beth E.; Gima, Kris; Bertenthal, Daniel; Kim, Sue; Marmar, Charles R.; Seal, Karen H.

    2010-01-01

    Soldiers Returning From the Iraq War. Jama. 2007;298:2141–8.returning from deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan. JAMA.soldiers returning from the Iraq war. JAMA. 2007;298:2141–8.

  11. Mark Twain's 'the War-Prayer'—Reflections on Vietnam and Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lan, Mông-

    2009-01-01

    War-Prayer”—Re?ections on Vietnam and Iraq Mong-Lan Althoughthe Philippines became Vietnam and have become Iraq—withThe photographs depicted Vietnam from 1954-1975, the war

  12. U.S. pullout from Iraq long overdue, Palm Beach County veterans agree

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    U.S. pullout from Iraq long overdue, Palm Beach County veterans agree By KEVIN D. THOMPSON Palm President Obama on Friday declared the war in Iraq over and announced that all U.S. troops would be leaving

  13. Iraq nuclear facility dismantlement and disposal project (NDs Project).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, John Russell

    2010-06-01

    The Al Tuwaitha nuclear complex near Baghdad contains a number of facilities from Saddam Hussan's nuclear weapons program. Past military operations, lack of upkeep and looting have created an enormous radioactive waste problem at the Al Tuwaitha complex, which contains various, uncharacterized radioactive wastes, yellow cake, sealed radioactive sources, and contaminated metals that must be constantly guarded. Iraq has never had a radioactive waste disposal facility and the lack of a disposal facility means that ever increasing quantities of radioactive material must be held in guarded storage. The Iraq Nuclear Facility Dismantlement and Disposal Program (the NDs Program) has been initiated by the U.S. Department of State (DOS) to assist the Government of Iraq (GOI) in eliminating the threats from poorly controlled radioactive materials, while building human capacities so that the GOI can manage other environmental cleanups in their country. The DOS is funding the IAEA to provide technical assistance via Technical Cooperation projects. Program coordination will be provided by the DOS, consistent with GOI policies, and Sandia National Laboratories will be responsible for coordination of participants and waste management support. Texas Tech University will continue to provide in-country assistance, including radioactive waste characterization and the stand-up of the Iraq Nuclear Services Company. The GOI owns the problems in Iraq and will be responsible for implementation of the NDs Program.

  14. What visibility conceals. Re-embedding Refugee Migration from Iraq Graldine Chatelard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    What visibility conceals. Re-embedding Refugee Migration from Iraq Géraldine Chatelard Research: This chapter aims at reconnecting the mass refugee migration from Iraq that has followed the fall of the regime and social anthropology. Focusing on the case of refugee migration from Iraq to Jordan between 1990 and 2008

  15. Deception and Denial in Iraq--The Limits of Secret Intelligence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Jonathan I.

    Deception and Denial in Iraq-- The Limits of Secret Intelligence and the Intelligent Adversary Corollary Running title: Deception and Denial in Iraq Jonathan I. Katz Department of Physics CB1105 1 #12;Abstract Prior to the Second Gulf War Iraq accomplished the remarkable feat of convincing

  16. Immortality in the Secret Police Files: The Iraq Memory Foundation and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Norman

    Immortality in the Secret Police Files: The Iraq Memory Foundation and the Baath Party Archive Bruce P. Montgomery* Abstract: Shortly after the 2003 American invasion of Iraq, Kanan Makiya, a long in power. Soon after the discovery of the documents, the Iraq Memory Foundation (IMF), a private Washington

  17. Estimated use of explosives in the mining industries of Algeria, Iran, Iraq, and Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilburn, D.R.; Russell, J.A.; Bleiwas, D.I.

    1995-09-01

    This work was performed under Memorandum of Agreement B291534 Between the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and the United States Bureau of Mines. The Bureau of Mines authors are members of the Minerals Availability Field Office (MAFO) in Denver, CO, which uses an extensive network of information sources to develop and maintain the Minerals Availability database concerning mining and minerals properties worldwide. This study was initiated and directed by F. Heuze at LLNL. A previous study on the same subject had been commissioned by LLNL from the Mining Journal Research Services (MJRS) in London ,UK. Its results were integrated into this report. MJRS is shown as one of the numerous sources which were used for this work. All sources are listed in the report. This document is arranged in four sections, one for each country, in alphabetical order. Thie outline is the same for each country.

  18. International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards after Iraq - some Austrailian perceptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bardsley, J.; Carlson, J.; Hill, J.

    1994-12-31

    Iraq`s nuclear weapons development program used facilities and nuclear material separate from its safeguarded activities. To detect such a strategy the IAEA`s safeguards inspectors need access to locations and information beyond that foreseen in NPT safeguards agreements. But the IAEA is short of money. And detecting undeclared activities could be expensive. If the IAEA can establish a capability to detect undeclared activities, then it might be able to save on regular safeguards. But it`s important not to put the cart before the horse - effective safeguards must come first, savings second.

  19. Natural Gas Exports from Iran

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2012-01-01

    This assessment of the natural gas sector in Iran, with a focus on Iran’s natural gas exports, was prepared pursuant to section 505 (a) of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (Public Law No: 112-158). As requested, it includes: (1) an assessment of exports of natural gas from Iran; (2) an identification of the countries that purchase the most natural gas from Iran; (3) an assessment of alternative supplies of natural gas available to those countries; (4) an assessment of the impact a reduction in exports of natural gas from Iran would have on global natural gas supplies and the price of natural gas, especially in countries identified under number (2); and (5) such other information as the Administrator considers appropriate.

  20. Big questions cloud Iraq's future role in world oil market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tippee, B.

    1992-03-09

    This paper reports that Iraq raises questions for the world oil market beyond those frequently asked about when and under what circumstances it will resume exports. Two wars since 1981 have obscured encouraging results from a 20 year exploration program that were only beginning to come to light when Iraq invaded Kuwait in August 1990. Those results indicate the country might someday be able to produce much more than the 3.2 million b/d it was flowing before a United Nations embargo blocked exports. If exploratory potential is anywhere near what officials asserted in the late 1980s, and if Iraq eventually turns hospitable to international capital, the country could become a world class opportunity for oil companies as well as an exporter with productive capacity approaching that of Saudi Arabia. But political conditions can change quickly. Under a new, secular regime, Iraq might welcome non-Iraqi oil companies and capital as essential to economic recovery. It's a prospect that warrants a new industry look at what the country has revealed about its geology and exploration history.

  1. UNSCOM faces entirely new verification challenges in Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trevan, T.

    1993-04-01

    Starting with the very first declarations and inspections, it became evident that Iraq was not acting in good faith, would use every possible pretext to reinterpret UNSCOM's inspection rights, and occasionally would use harassment tactics to make inspections as difficult as possible. Topics considered in detail include; initial assumptions, outstanding issues, and UNSCOM's future attitude.

  2. Crustal structure along geotransect Baghdad-Dohuk, northern Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Saigh, N.H. (Mosul Univ. (Iraq)); Namik, I.; Hameed, I.A.

    1990-06-01

    Seismic reflection data correlated to five exploration wells along with geological, gravity, and magnetic data are used to construct the subsurface structure along an approximately 100 km wide corridor that traverses central Iraq in a SE-NW direction for a distance of about 500 km from Baghdad in the central part of Iraq to Dohuk near the Turkish border. This transect is one of few such transects that represents the Iraqi contribution to the Global Geoscience Transects (GGT) project. A strong reflector has been identified at a depth of about 10- 13 km. This reflector is believed to be the top surface of the crystalline basement. This seismic evidence finds support in the interpretation of gravity and magnetic data. The crystalline basement becomes shallower as the authors approach the Turkish border, until about 100 km from the border, and then becomes deeper again to subduct under the Anadolian plate. In central Iraq the basement also becomes deeper as they approach the Iranian border to subduct under the Iranian plate. It appears that the thickness of the crust varies between 35.5 km in the central part of Iraq and about 30.5 km near the Turkish border.

  3. Iraq cracks a few heads in the Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernstein, J.

    1990-08-20

    Last month Saddam Hussein charged that oil overproduction by his neighbors was costing Iraq dearly. When an OPEC meeting collapsed last week, he sent 100,000 troops to seize Kuwait, which he had accused of stealing oil. The US is scrambling to organize a Western boycott, but some analysts question just how effective such a more would be.

  4. Press Release: New calculations show as many as 7.3 million Americans know someone killed or injured in Iraq and Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hicks, Sally

    2006-01-01

    know a soldier killed in Iraq, it’s going to make the costSomeone Killed or Injured in Iraq, Afghanistan The socialor injured in the war in Iraq and Afghanistan, according to

  5. Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seljan, Samuel Sierra

    2010-01-01

    of the Use of Force against Iraq in 2003." Dissertation,Policy: The Case of the Iraq War. ” Economica 76, Table 1.1:Policy: The Case of the Iraq War. ” Economica 76, 225–250.

  6. Statement by NSC Spokesperson Caitlin Hayden on the U.S.-Iraq...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    increase of Iraq's energy supply to the global markets. Following on that meeting, today in Baghdad, Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman and Special Envoy and...

  7. START Fact Sheet START, June 2014 1 The Evolution of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Wendell T.

    -Baghdadi announced the expansion of ISI to Syria, officially rebranding the organization as the Islamic State of IraqSTART Fact Sheet © START, June 2014 1 FACT SHEET The Evolution of the Islamic State of Iraq PREVIOUSLY POSITIVE 1) The group currently known as Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL

  8. Self-Exciting Point Process Models of Civilian Deaths in Iraq Erik Lewis George Mohler P. Jeffrey Brantingham Andrea Bertozzi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferguson, Thomas S.

    Self-Exciting Point Process Models of Civilian Deaths in Iraq Erik Lewis George Mohler P. Jeffrey reports in Iraq. For this purpose we employ a branching point process model similar to those used activity, such an assumption is not valid in the context of civilian deaths in Iraq. We propose three

  9. Maneki-Neko Team Description for Iran Open UAV 2013 -Teheran, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Arnoud

    Maneki-Neko Team Description for Iran Open UAV 2013 - Teheran, Iran Intelligent Autonomous Systems the competition. One of those teams was the UvA Drone Team. The Dutch team participating at the Iran Open 2013 to perception and control algorithms which leaded to this frame- work. The Iran Open 2013 gives the possibility

  10. The origin of Iraq's nuclear weapons program: Technical reality and Western hypocrisy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erkman, S; Hurni, J P; Klement, S; Erkman, Suren; Gsponer, Andre; Hurni, Jean-Pierre; Klement, Stephan

    2005-01-01

    This report is based on a series of papers written between 1980 and 2005 on the origin of Iraq's nuclear weapons program, which was known to one of the authors in the late 1970s already, as well as to a number of other physicists, who independently tried without success to inform their governments and the public. It is concluded that at no point did the Western governments effectively try to stop Iraq's nuclear weapons program, which suggests that its existence was useful as a foreign policy tool, as is confirmed by its use as a major justification to wage two wars on Iraq.

  11. Meeting report:Iraq oil ministry needs assessment workshop.3-5 Septemner 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Littlefield, Adriane C.; Pregenzer, Arian Leigh

    2006-11-01

    Representatives from the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Nuclear Security Administration, and Sandia National Laboratories met with mid-level representatives from Iraq's oil and gas companies and with former employees and senior managers of Iraq's Ministry of Oil September 3-5 in Amman, Jordan. The goals of the workshop were to assess the needs of the Iraqi Oil Ministry and industry, to provide information about capabilities at DOE and the national laboratories relevant to Iraq, and to develop ideas for potential projects.

  12. Open literature review of threats including sabotage and theft of fissile material transport in Japan.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, John Russell; Furaus, James Phillip; Marincel, Michelle K.

    2005-06-01

    This report is a review of open literature concerning threats including sabotage and theft related to fissile material transport in Japan. It is intended to aid Japanese officials in the development of a design basis threat. This threat includes the external threats of the terrorist, criminal, and extremist, and the insider threats of the disgruntled employee, the employee forced into cooperation via coercion, the psychotic employee, and the criminal employee. Examination of the external terrorist threat considers Japanese demographics, known terrorist groups in Japan, and the international relations of Japan. Demographically, Japan has a relatively homogenous population, both ethnically and religiously. Japan is a relatively peaceful nation, but its history illustrates that it is not immune to terrorism. It has a history of domestic terrorism and the open literature points to the Red Army, Aum Shinrikyo, Chukaku-Ha, and Seikijuku. Japan supports the United States in its war on terrorism and in Iraq, which may make Japan a target for both international and domestic terrorists. Crime appears to remain low in Japan; however sources note that the foreign crime rate is increasing as the number of foreign nationals in the country increases. Antinuclear groups' recent foci have been nuclear reprocessing technology, transportation of MOX fuel, and possible related nuclear proliferation issues. The insider threat is first defined by the threat of the disgruntled employee. This threat can be determined by studying the history of Japan's employment system, where Keiretsu have provided company stability and lifetime employment. Recent economic difficulties and an increase of corporate crime, due to sole reliability on the honor code, have begun to erode employee loyalty.

  13. Iraq liquid radioactive waste tanks maintenance and monitoring program plan.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dennis, Matthew L.; Cochran, John Russell; Sol Shamsaldin, Emad

    2011-10-01

    The purpose of this report is to develop a project management plan for maintaining and monitoring liquid radioactive waste tanks at Iraq's Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Center. Based on information from several sources, the Al-Tuwaitha site has approximately 30 waste tanks that contain varying amounts of liquid or sludge radioactive waste. All of the tanks have been non-operational for over 20 years and most have limited characterization. The program plan embodied in this document provides guidance on conducting radiological surveys, posting radiation control areas and controlling access, performing tank hazard assessments to remove debris and gain access, and conducting routine tank inspections. This program plan provides general advice on how to sample and characterize tank contents, and how to prioritize tanks for soil sampling and borehole monitoring.

  14. Distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH's) in marsh sediments, Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Saad, H.T.; Al-Timari, A.A. (Univ. of Basrah (Iraq))

    1989-12-01

    Recently there has been a growing concern in the release of harmful organics into the environment. Carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH's) are a class of compounds of interset due to their possible harmful effects to man as well as organisms. Anthropogenic PAH's may reach aquatic environment as a result of both industrial and domestic effluents, deposition of airborne particles, surface runoff and oil spillage. Having a relatively low water solubility and high affinity to sorb to the suspended particulate matter, most of the PAH's introduced to the aquatic environment tend to accumulate in bottom sediments. Sedimentary PAH's may thus provide a record of the input and history of these pollutants. Consequently, the distribution of PAH's in aquatic sediments have received considerable attention. The purpose of the present work was to establish the distribution of PAH's in the sediments of the marsh region located in southern Iraq.

  15. Examining the influence of civilian casualties on insurgent attacks in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karnis, Jessica Eve

    2006-01-01

    Although there have been several attempts to tabulate civilian casualties in the Iraq War, the effect of these casualties on the Iraqi population and insurgent organizations has not been thoroughly examined. From the ...

  16. Death before dismount? : mechanization, force employment, and counterinsurgency outcomes in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moyer, Raphael (Raphael E.)

    2011-01-01

    Recent research suggests that heavily mechanized armies perform worse in counterinsurgency campaigns than those that use fewer vehicles. The U.S. military's 2007 operations in Iraq, however, present an empirical quandary ...

  17. Preventing ballistic missile proliferation: Lessons from Iraq. Master`s thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Talay, B.J.

    1996-12-01

    This thesis examines the case of Iraq to assess the performance of the missile nonproliferation regime since 1970. By analyzing the methods used by Iraq to obtain missile systems and missile technology, this thesis assesses the ability of the international community to prevent ballistic missile proliferation. Understanding Iraq`s past capabilities as well as its post-war efforts to rebuild weapons programs and procurement networks, this thesis provides suggestions for improving the regime`s performance. This thesis finds that (1) prior to 1992, the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) failed in its attempts to prevent proliferation; (2) the existence of the MTCR, while necessary to slow proliferation, is not sufficient to prevent proliferation; and (3) additional enforcement is needed to counter weapons of mass destruction acquisition by resourceful and determined states.

  18. The development of a monitoring system for use in Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fuess, D.A.

    1996-08-12

    In April 1993, the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM), through the U.S. Department of State, requested hardware to monitor two rocket motor test stands in Iraq. The Department of Energy`s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory responded with project Dustcloud. Within two weeks of the request, LLNL delivered two video monitoring systems which were deployed to Iraq and installed at the Al Azim solid motor test site and the Al Rafah liquid engine test site, each about 75 km from Baghdad. The original request included a set of loosely defined requirements to perform remote monitoring in accordance with applicable United Nations Resolutions. The Sheraton Hotel in Baghdad was to be the site of the central monitoring station. While these first systems satisfied the original requirements, they were technically cumbersome and did not lend themselves to easy expansion, or mass production. A request for a second phase design was received in May 1994. The second phase design provided a more general solution to the monitoring requirement and extended the number of monitored facilities to a total of 25 and provided a continuous monitoring capability at a mutually agreed upon site located outside of the monitored country. The Phase II hardware was placed in service in June 1994. In both the Phase I and Phase II designs we worked against extremely tight time constraints where the schedule was driven solely by international negotiations and agreements. One result of the tight time schedules was the inability to consider a wide range of international sources for the hardware. This paper is devoted to an in depth discussion of the requirements and the hardware design.

  19. Fighting Iran with Trade Sanctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhala, Raj

    2014-01-01

    Prohibitions against Iranian Energy Sector ........................ 314 1. Prohibition Against Helping Iran Produce Refined Petroleum Products ................................................................................ 315 2. Prohibition Against... ................................................... 338 X. PHASE 10: 2013 DEFENSE ACT TIGHTENING ENERGY, SHIPPING, AND FINANCIAL SANCTIONS, PLUS SHIPBUILDING, PORT, AND PRECIOUS METAL SANCTIONS ...... 339 A. Novel Link Between Iranian Human Rights Abuses and American National Security...

  20. Iran-US Relations: At a New Cross Roads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pahlavi, Reva

    2009-01-01

    These are the true voice of Iran! These are the people thatYou must let the youth of Iran know that they are not alone,society. Indeed, many in Iran credit the robust movement of

  1. Sandia National Laboratories support of the Iraq Nuclear Facility Dismantlement and Disposal Program.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, John Russell; Danneels, Jeffrey John

    2009-03-01

    Because of past military operations, lack of upkeep and looting there are now enormous radioactive waste problems in Iraq. These waste problems include destroyed nuclear facilities, uncharacterized radioactive wastes, liquid radioactive waste in underground tanks, wastes related to the production of yellow cake, sealed radioactive sources, activated metals and contaminated metals that must be constantly guarded. Iraq currently lacks the trained personnel, regulatory and physical infrastructure to safely and securely manage these facilities and wastes. In 2005 the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) agreed to organize an international cooperative program to assist Iraq with these issues. Soon after, the Iraq Nuclear Facility Dismantlement and Disposal Program (the NDs Program) was initiated by the U.S. Department of State (DOS) to support the IAEA and assist the Government of Iraq (GOI) in eliminating the threats from poorly controlled radioactive materials. The Iraq NDs Program is providing support for the IAEA plus training, consultation and limited equipment to the GOI. The GOI owns the problems and will be responsible for implementation of the Iraq NDs Program. Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) is a part of the DOS's team implementing the Iraq NDs Program. This report documents Sandia's support of the Iraq NDs Program, which has developed into three principal work streams: (1) training and technical consultation; (2) introducing Iraqis to modern decommissioning and waste management practices; and (3) supporting the IAEA, as they assist the GOI. Examples of each of these work streams include: (1) presentation of a three-day training workshop on 'Practical Concepts for Safe Disposal of Low-Level Radioactive Waste in Arid Settings;' (2) leading GOI representatives on a tour of two operating low level radioactive waste disposal facilities in the U.S.; and (3) supporting the IAEA's Technical Meeting with the GOI from April 21-25, 2008. As noted in the report, there was significant teaming between the various participants to best help the GOI. On-the-ground progress is the focus of the Iraq NDs Program and much of the work is a transfer of technical and practical skills and knowledge that Sandia uses day-to-day. On-the-ground progress was achieved in July of 2008 when the GOI began the physical cleanup and dismantlement of the Active Metallurgical Testing Laboratory (LAMA) facility at Al Tuwaitha, near Baghdad.

  2. Face to Face and Street to Street: An Exploration of the Benefits and Perils of Transnational Feminist Practices for Iran’s One Million Signatures Campaign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKibben, Susan

    2010-01-01

    Keddie & R. Matthee (Eds. ), Iran and the Surrounding World.Muslim Societies: The Cases of Iran and Azerbaijan. Journal2001). Women's Strategies in Iran from the 1979 Revolution

  3. Status of Iran's nuclear program and negotiations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, David

    2014-05-09

    Iran's nuclear program poses immense challenges to international security. Its gas centrifuge program has grown dramatically in the last several years, bringing Iran close to a point where it could produce highly enriched uranium in secret or declared gas centrifuge plants before its breakout would be discovered and stopped. To reduce the risk posed by Iran's nuclear program, the P5+1 have negotiated with Iran short term limits on the most dangerous aspects of its nuclear programs and is negotiating long-term arrangements that can provide assurance that Iran will not build nuclear weapons. These long-term arrangements need to include a far more limited and transparent Iranian nuclear program. In advance of arriving at a long-term arrangement, the IAEA will need to resolve its concerns about the alleged past and possibly on-going military dimensions of Iran's nuclear program.

  4. Turkey and the Kurds -- From War to Reconciliation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kubilay, Arin

    2015-01-01

    autonomous in Northern Iraq, building state institutions inpowers - Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria - and ‘disputedautonomous in Northern Iraq, building state institutions in

  5. Japan’s Nuclear Hedge: Beyond "Allergy" and Breakout

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samuels, Richard J.

    This chapter examines the future of Japan’s hedged dependence on U.S. extended deterrence and encourages more imaginative thinking about potential outcomes and strategic implications as the second nuclear age unfolds.

  6. The Tokai Reprocessing Issue: Japan’s Rise to Elite Nation Status in the 1970s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shih, Ashanti

    2011-01-01

    had control over Japan’s reprocessing rights, but also thatNon-Proliferation and Reprocessing in Japan [Attachments NotThe Tokai Reprocessing Issue: Japan’s Fight for Elite Nation

  7. The Symbolic Management of Performance: Public Opinion and Attention to Performance in a Public Arena During the Iraq War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    1 The Symbolic Management of Performance: Public Opinion and Attention to Performance in a Public Arena During the Iraq War Pino G. Audia Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth College pino volume of media coverage of the Iraq War. #12;2 The Symbolic Management of Performance: Public Opinion

  8. Effects of global eustatic sea level variations and tectonism on stratigraphy of Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gawarecki, S.L.; Schamel, S.

    1986-05-01

    The stratigraphy of Iraq is marked by complex vertical and lateral facies sequences controlled predominantly by two factors: (1) eustatic sea level variations, and (2) tectonic movements. Analysis of the sedimentary cycles provides a framework for evaluating the relative economic importance of transgressive versus regressive facies within the Iraq stratigraphic succession. Most reservoir rocks, principally reefal and neritic limestones and to a lesser extent deltaic facies, were deposited during relatively high sea level stands. Source rock depositional environments in Iraq were typically either deep subsiding or shallow restricted intrashelf basins. These environments were not controlled by sea level, but primarily by local tectonics. Applying modern theories of plate tectonics and sea level control of facies to this well-studied petroleum province allows new interpretations of the region's geologic evolution.

  9. Back to the Future: Japan's NII Plans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Joel; Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L.

    1996-01-01

    Back to the Future: Japan’s NII Plans, June 5, 1996 Page 34Back to the Future: Japan’s NII Plans, June 5, 1996 Page 30Back to the Future: Japan’s NII Plans, June 5, 1996 Page 32

  10. IRAN: laboratory test bench for hypertelescope pupil-plane recombination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liske, Jochen

    -apertures illuminated by laser sources are recombined using the IRAN scheme. The validation of the IRAN recombinationIRAN: laboratory test bench for hypertelescope pupil-plane recombination F. Allouchea,b, F. Vakilib-Antipolis, CNRS UMR 6525 Parc Valrose, 06108 Nice Cedex 2, France ABSTRACT In 2004, our group proposed IRAN

  11. The New Majority: A View into the Motivations and Aspirations Of Iran's Women in Higher Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kheiltash, Omid

    2013-01-01

    are  wasted   in  Iran.    Arkiv  2003.    Retrieved  Esfandiari,  G.  (2003).   Iran:  Number  of  Female  Higher  Education  in  Iran?    Presentation  at  CIES  

  12. Analysis of 15 years of skin cancer in central Iran (Yazd)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noorbala, Mohammad Taghi; Kafaie, P

    2007-01-01

    evaluation in center of Iran. Pejoohesh in medical scienceskin cancer in central Iran (Yazd) Mohammad Taghi NoorbalaScience University of Yazd, Iran. mtnoorbala@gmail.com

  13. Prevalence and Correlates of Hepatitis C Infection among Male Injection Drug Users in Detention, Tehran, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Brie?ng Paper Eight, Thedrug users (IDUS) in Mashhad, Iran. International Journal ofof Hammadan prison (Iran, 1998). Journal of Research in

  14. Ancient ships of Japan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miyashita, Hiroaki

    2006-10-30

    The principal objective of this thesis is to clarify the evolution of the main structural and technical aspects of ancient ships of Japan. A comprehensive analysis of shipbuilding technology will be conducted based on the examination of archaeological remains... to the continent via the Iki and Tsushima islands (fig. 1). These composite and extended logboats represent the next stage of development and seem to have been the mainstream of shipbuilding technology until the thirteenth or fourteenth century C.E. It seems...

  15. Reconciling Vision and Reality in Japan's NII Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Joel; Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L.

    1996-01-01

    Back to the Future: Japan’s NII Plans, February 1996 Page 26Back to the Future: Japan’s NII Plans, February 1996 Page 23Back to the Future: Japan’s NII Plans, February 1996 Page 24

  16. Limiting the Nuclear Club--Iraq, North Korea, et al. Jonathan I. Katz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Jonathan I.

    proliferation of nuclear weapons. The first conclusion is that proliferation is easy and inevitable. The secondLimiting the Nuclear Club--Iraq, North Korea, et al. Jonathan I. Katz Washington University, St development of nuclear weapons in 1949. Two plausible conclusions may be drawn from this history of the first

  17. The US Export-Import Bank: No evidence of financing restricted chemical exports to Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendelowitz, A.I.; Watson, J.E.; Wood, S.E.; Logan, D.L.; Hinojosa, S.L.

    1991-09-01

    The authors have reviewed U.S. Export-Import Bank (Eximbank) transactions involving chemicals exported to Iraq from January 1987 to August 1990. Specifically, the authors examined (1) whether there was any evidence that the Eximbank financed the export of dual-use chemicals to Iraq and (2) what the Eximbank`s role was in monitoring and controlling chemical exports. Results are based primarily on a review of documents provided to them by the Eximbank. They did not verify the Eximbank data or corroborate it with the records of the banks or exporters involved in the transactions. There was no evidence in the documents they reviewed to suggest that the Eximbank financed the export of dual-use chemicals (chemicals with both commercial and military applications that could be used for chemical weapons) -- as defined by the Department of Commerce -- to Iraq between January 1987 and August 1990. There were approximately 190 transactions between Iraq and the Eximbank during this period. They focused their review on the eight transactions involving pesticides and related products. The Eximbank has no responsibility or authority for monitoring or controlling the export of chemicals or any other commodities: the Departments of Commerce and State and the US Customs Service share those responsibilities. Nevertheless, the Eximbank has recently developed specific procedures to review applications for financing chemical exports. However, such procedures were not in place when the Eximbank approved the applications for seven of eight pesticide transactions that occurred between January 1987 and August 1990.

  18. Effects of Parental Deployment on Children During Wartime: A comparison of World War Two and the Iraq/Afghanistan War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hess, Juliana

    2009-11-09

    An overview of the experiences of children and parents during deployment of a parent to military service in Iraq or Afghanistan. Based on a search of the literature and a small number of interviews with parents on the homefront....

  19. Coalition of the Leaving: What Caused the Disintegration of the Multi-National Force in Iraq (2003-2009)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantir, Cristian

    2011-04-19

    This mixed-methods dissertation investigates the countries of the Coalition of the Willing in Iraq (2003-2009) to identify the determinants of defection and of fluctuation in troop numbers. It makes theoretical contributions ...

  20. THE STATE OF THE WORLD'S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Groen, Pieter

    , Guyana, India, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Liberia, Malawi

  1. Embargoesand Other Special Controls Part 746-page 1 Export Administration Regulations July 12, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    , and License Exceptions for countries subject to general embargoes, currently Cuba, Libya, Iran and Iraq of the EAR. (2) Iran and Iraq. While BXA maintains controls on exports and reexports to Iranand Iraq

  2. Gateball: The Shuffleboard of Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2006-04-26

    of the shuffleboard of Japan. By the 1990s, it was so popular that the police became concerned over reports of white-haired gateballers forcing kids out of parks and fights between geriatric players. Japanese croquet clearly isn't for sissies. #caes #hacker #japan...

  3. Russia's Foreign Policy Toward Iran: A Critical Geopolitics Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omelicheva, Mariya Y.

    2012-01-01

    Russia’s foreign policy stance on nuclear Iran has been a subject of debate. Why has Moscow oscillated between resistance to sanctions and support for punitive measures against Iran in the meantime supplying Tehran with new arms technologies...

  4. Radioactive Waste Management and Nuclear Facility Decommissioning Progress in Iraq - 13216

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Musawi, Fouad; Shamsaldin, Emad S.; Jasim, Hadi; Cochran, John R.

    2013-07-01

    Management of Iraq's radioactive wastes and decommissioning of Iraq's former nuclear facilities are the responsibility of Iraq's Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST). The majority of Iraq's former nuclear facilities are in the Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Center located a few kilometers from the edge of Baghdad. These facilities include bombed and partially destroyed research reactors, a fuel fabrication facility and radioisotope production facilities. Within these facilities are large numbers of silos, approximately 30 process or waste storage tanks and thousands of drums of uncharacterised radioactive waste. There are also former nuclear facilities/sites that are outside of Al-Tuwaitha and these include the former uranium processing and waste storage facility at Jesira, the dump site near Adaya, the former centrifuge facility at Rashdiya and the former enrichment plant at Tarmiya. In 2005, Iraq lacked the infrastructure needed to decommission its nuclear facilities and manage its radioactive wastes. The lack of infrastructure included: (1) the lack of an organization responsible for decommissioning and radioactive waste management, (2) the lack of a storage facility for radioactive wastes, (3) the lack of professionals with experience in decommissioning and modern waste management practices, (4) the lack of laws and regulations governing decommissioning or radioactive waste management, (5) ongoing security concerns, and (6) limited availability of electricity and internet. Since its creation eight years ago, the MoST has worked with the international community and developed an organizational structure, trained staff, and made great progress in managing radioactive wastes and decommissioning Iraq's former nuclear facilities. This progress has been made, despite the very difficult implementing conditions in Iraq. Within MoST, the Radioactive Waste Treatment and Management Directorate (RWTMD) is responsible for waste management and the Iraqi Decommissioning Directorate (IDD) is responsible for decommissioning activities. The IDD and the RWTMD work together on decommissioning projects. The IDD has developed plans and has completed decommissioning of the GeoPilot Facility in Baghdad and the Active Metallurgical Testing Laboratory (LAMA) in Al-Tuwaitha. Given this experience, the IDD has initiated work on more dangerous facilities. Plans are being developed to characterize, decontaminate and decommission the Tamuz II Research Reactor. The Tammuz Reactor was destroyed by an Israeli air-strike in 1981 and the Tammuz II Reactor was destroyed during the First Gulf War in 1991. In addition to being responsible for managing the decommissioning wastes, the RWTMD is responsible for more than 950 disused sealed radioactive sources, contaminated debris from the first Gulf War and (approximately 900 tons) of naturally-occurring radioactive materials wastes from oil production in Iraq. The RWTMD has trained staff, rehabilitated the Building 39 Radioactive Waste Storage building, rehabilitated portions of the French-built Radioactive Waste Treatment Station, organized and secured thousands of drums of radioactive waste organized and secured the stores of disused sealed radioactive sources. Currently, the IDD and the RWTMD are finalizing plans for the decommissioning of the Tammuz II Research Reactor. (authors)

  5. Fusion power Bouillabaisse sushi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on Iraq. America is commonly thought to be supporting Rokkasho in return for Japan's support in Iraq

  6. THE BAHA'IS OF IRAN, TRANSCASPIA AND THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wintner, Shuly

    THE BAHA'IS OF IRAN, TRANSCASPIA AND THE CAUCASUS, VOLUME 1 Letters of Russian Officers and Officials Soli Shahvar, Boris Morozov and Gad Gilbar (Eds) Despite growing interest in the Baha'is of Iran of sources. The Baha'is of Iran, Transcaspia and the Caucasus will help to fill this gap by assembling

  7. Lessons from post-war Iraq for the international full-scope safeguards regime

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scheinman, L.

    1993-04-01

    The discovery after the Gulf War of the extensive Iraqi nuclear weapon program severely shook public confidence in the nuclear non-proliferation regime in general, and the safeguards program of the IAEA under the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, in particular. Iraq provided the justification for evaluating the safeguards regime under new political circumstances, so that appropriate corrective measures could be taken when necessary. It is now up to the individual states within the international system to take advantage of this opportunity.

  8. Iraq challenges sanctions, offers 4.5 million b/d developable capacity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stauffer, T.R. [Stauffer (Thomas R.), Washington, DC (United States)

    1995-04-10

    The prospective oil deals of the century were unveiled last month in Baghdad at the unlikely venue of the first international oil conference in Iraq in decades. In a dramatic twist Iraq detailed 33 oil fields that are now open for joint development with foreign partners. The productive capacity of the listed fields totals some 4.5 million b/d, and the underlying proved reserves exceed 50 billion bbl--equal to more than US and Canadian reserves combined. Reversing its prior compulsive secretiveness concerning oil affairs, the government cleared at the highest level the proposal to publicize the available resources and to offer corroborative detail. ``Four and a half million b/d is an awful lot of oil,`` noted one foreign oilman who was loath to be quoted because his company feared possible reprisals in the US. The economic bait was both clear and enticing. Iraq chose the public forum to signal to the world the gains that could accrue to the first countries that break with the US over continuing the sanctions. The paper discusses the political impacts, the substantial offerings, exploitation costs, and bypassing sanctions.

  9. The economic development of oil-exporting countries: The case of Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khalil, M.A.

    1988-01-01

    The primary objective of this study is to measure the response of Iraqi development to the influx of oil-export revenues. The study employs several econometric techniques using data from 1960 to 1980. From 1960 to 1980, Iraq achieved remarkable economic growth, a high rate of investment and employment, more equitable income distribution, a favorable balance of trade, and a stabilized economy. The 1972 government takeover of oil industries and the oil price boom of 1973 brought even more unprecedented growth and prosperity to the nation. Despite this remarkable performance however, the economic structure of Iraq remains dominated by the oil-export sector. In other words, Iraq's ability to reduce its dependence on oil revenues has been constructed because home sectors were not yet developed sufficiently to provide outputs and revenues needed by the country. Recommendations include development of policies designed to link the oil export sector with the rest of the economy, to encourage more investment by the private sector, to expand and improve the productivity of the agricultural and industrial sectors, and to develop inter-nation regional cooperatives capable of expanding the market for locally produced goods.

  10. Iran cannot have claimed to be building a thermonuclear reactor -To build a thermonuclear reactor by its own efforts is a task absolutely beyond Iran's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iran cannot have claimed to be building a thermonuclear reactor - expert To build a thermonuclear reactor by its own efforts is a task absolutely beyond Iran's strength, and reports that Iran has made

  11. Entrepreneurship in Japan's ICT Sector: Opportunity and Protection from Japan's Telecommunications Regime Shift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kushida, Kenji E

    2012-01-01

    Marie. 2005. Reprogramming Japan: The High Tech Crisis underto Startups: Japan’s Push for High Tech Entrepreneurship.Kazuo, founder of major high-tech firm Kyocera. By the late

  12. The Tokai Reprocessing Issue: Japan’s Rise to Elite Nation Status in the 1970s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shih, Ashanti

    2011-01-01

    of the ‘right’ to reprocess. ” 52 Thus, the administrationJapan’s strong desire to reprocess spent fuel, coupled withthe U.S. , Japan’s bid to reprocess at Tokai represented the

  13. Background In March, 2003, military forces, mainly from the USA and the UK, invaded Iraq. We did a survey to compare mortality during the period of 146 months before the invasion with the 178 months after it.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chazelle, Bernard

    , invaded Iraq. We did a survey to compare mortality during the period of 14·6 months before the invasion with the 17·8 months after it. Methods A cluster sample survey was undertaken throughout Iraq during September invasion of Iraq. Violence accounted for most of the excess deaths and air strikes from coalition forces

  14. A Report on Smoking Advertising and Promotion Bans in The lslamic Republic of Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization; Ministry of Health and Medical Education Deputy of Health

    2003-01-01

    increase tobacco use in the Islamic Republic of Iran.The Islamic Republic of Iran Ministry of Health and MedicalCommittee Islamic Republic of Iran World Health Organization

  15. Half the Household Was African: Recovering the Histories of Two African Slaves in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Anthony A.

    2015-01-01

    of the Babi movement in Iran. See also, Harris, The AfricanTauris, 2005): 171. 11 In Iran, at this time, the price of aWomen in Nineteenth-Century Iran: The Life of Fezzeh Khanom

  16. Waterpipe smoking among health sciences university students in Iran: perceptions, practices and patterns of use.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghafouri, Nasim; Hirsch, Jan D; Heydari, Gholamreza; Morello, Candis M; Kuo, Grace M; Singh, Renu F

    2011-01-01

    HA, colleagues: I.R. Iran global youth tobacco survey (GYTS)www.who.int/tobacco/surveillance/Iran%20GYTS2007% 20final%sciences university students in Iran: perceptions, practices

  17. The New York Times covers "National Labs Race to Stop Iran"

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The New York Times covers "National Labs Race to Stop Iran" The New York Times covers "National Labs Race to Stop Iran" Given the stakes in the sensitive negotiations with Iran,...

  18. Comparison of biological and chemical phosphorus fertilizers on rapeseed yield in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madani, hamid; Kelarestaghi, Kioomars Bakhsh; Malboobi, Mohammad Ali

    2009-01-01

    PSB) on Potato Yield at Iran Environment. Procceding of 18Arak Islamic Azad University, Iran (Table 1) in the 2006/07Arak Islamic Azad University, Iran. Physical properties 0-30

  19. The Poetics of Commitment in Modern Persian: A Case of Three Revolutionary Poets in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alavi, Samad Josef

    2013-01-01

    1381/2003. Abrahamian, Ervand. Iran between Two Revolutions.Public Recantations in Modern Iran. Berkeley: University ofBargozideh-ye Ghazal-e Emruz-e Iran. Tehran: Mo’asseseh-ye

  20. Taking Women Seriously Makes us Smarter about the US War in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enloe, Cynthia

    2006-01-01

    to one of the main “the- atres of action” – this is how militaries talk. So you are a mechanic and you have been deployed with your unit to Kuwait, which is one of the main staging grounds used by the U.S. government for its operations in Iraq.... Negotiations with the Kuwaiti government went on long before the Bush Administration was willing to talk about engaging; we now know that started in about 2002. These diplo- matic negotiations take a lot of time. So you’re stationed in Kuwait. Here’s the reason...

  1. January 30, 2016: Science on Saturday: Dealing with Iran's Nuclear...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    30, 2016 - 09:30 January 30, 2016: Science on Saturday: Dealing with Iran's Nuclear Program Speaker: Professor Frank von Hippel Princeton...

  2. Crustal Structure of Iraq from Receiver Functions and Surface Wave Dispersion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gok, R; Mahdi, H; Al-Shukri, H; Rodgers, A J

    2006-08-31

    We report the crustal structure of Iraq, located in the northeastern Arabian plate, estimated by joint inversion of P-wave receiver functions and surface wave group velocity dispersion. Receiver functions were computed from teleseismic recordings at two temporary broadband seismic stations in Mosul (MSL) and Baghdad (BHD), separated by approximately 360 km. Group velocity dispersion curves at the sites were derived from continental-scale tomography of Pasyanos (2006). The inversion results show that the crustal thicknesses are 39 km at MSL and 43 km at BHD. Both sites reveal low velocity surface layers consistent with sedimentary thickness of about 3 km at station MSL and 7 km at BHD, agreeing well with the existing models. Ignoring the sediments, the crustal velocities and thicknesses are remarkably similar between the two stations, suggesting that the crustal structure of the proto-Arabian Platform in northern Iraq was uniform before subsidence and deposition of the sediments in the Cenozoic. Deeper low velocity sediments at BHD are expected to result in higher ground motions for earthquakes.

  3. Overview of Thermoelectric Power Generation Technologies in Japan...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Thermoelectric Power Generation Technologies in Japan Overview of Thermoelectric Power Generation Technologies in Japan Discusses thermoelectric power generation technologies as...

  4. Superconducting magnet development in Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yasukochi, K.

    1983-05-01

    The present state of R and D works on the superconducting magnet and its applications in Japan are presented. On electrical rotating machines, 30 MVA superconducting synchronous rotary condenser (Mitsubishi and Fuji) and 50 MVA generator are under construction. Two ways of ship propulsion by superconducting magnets are developing. A superconducting magnetically levitated and linear motor propelled train ''MAGLEV'' was developed by the Japan National Railways (JNR). The superconducting magnet development for fusion is the most active field in Japan. The Cluster Test program has been demonstrated on a 10 T Nb/sub 3/Sn coil and the first coil of Large Coil Task in IEA collaboration has been constructed and the domestic test was completed in JAERI. These works are for the development of toroidal coils of the next generation tokamak machine. R and D works on superconducting ohmic heating coil are in progress in JAERI and ETL. The latter group has constructed 3.8 MJ pulsed coil. A high ramp rate of changing field in pulsed magnet, 200 T/s, has been tested successfully. High Energy Physics Laboratory (KEK) are conducting active works. The superconducting ..mu.. meson channel and ..pi.. meson channel have been constructed and are operating successfully. KEK has also a project of big accelerator named ''TRISTAN'', which is similar to ISABELLE project of BNL. Superconducting synchrotron magnets are developed for this project. The development of superconducting three thin wall solenoid has been started. One of them, CDF, is progressing under USA-Japan collaboration.

  5. Aerial Measuring System in Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyons, C., Colton, D. P.

    2012-05-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Agency’s Aerial Measuring System deployed personnel and equipment to partner with the U.S. Air Force in Japan to conduct multiple aerial radiological surveys. These were the first and most comprehensive sources of actionable information for U.S. interests in Japan and provided early confirmation to the government of Japan as to the extent of the release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Generation Station. Many challenges were overcome quickly during the first 48 hours; including installation and operation of Aerial Measuring System equipment on multiple U.S. Air Force Japan aircraft, flying over difficult terrain, and flying with talented pilots who were unfamiliar with the Aerial Measuring System flight patterns. These all combined to make for a dynamic and non-textbook situation. In addition, the data challenges of the multiple and on-going releases, and integration with the Japanese government to provide valid aerial radiological survey products that both military and civilian customers could use to make informed decisions, was extremely complicated. The Aerial Measuring System Fukushima response provided insight in addressing these challenges and gave way to an opportunity for the expansion of the Aerial Measuring System’s mission beyond the borders of the US.

  6. Japan’s National Defense Planning for the New Security Environment: The 2010 National Defense Program Guidelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JIMBO, Ken

    2012-01-01

    and policies of Japan’s national security strategy. The mostin diplo- macy and national security policy soon after itsand policies of Japan’s national security strategy. In

  7. INDELIBLY DAVIS:  A Quarter-Century of UC Davis Stories...and Backstories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanderhoef, Larry N

    2015-01-01

    embassy and our support of Iraq and Saddam Hussein duringthe eight-year Iran- Iraq War—a war that stopped, as Moe

  8. Case Study: Iran, Islam, the NPT, and the Bomb

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saunders, E .

    2011-04-01

    The goals of this case study are: (1) To examine the correlation between Iran's nuclear program and clerical statements; (2) To evaluate the importance of these statements; (3) To understand the relationship between policy and fatwas (Islamic decrees); (4) To address the issue of a 'nuclear fatwa'; and (5) To examine how, if at all, Sharia (Islamic law) has influenced Iran's actions or inactions with respect to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and Iran's adherence to its IAEA Safeguards Agreements and the Additional Protocol. The Islamic Republic of Iran (hereinafter Iran) is one of two theocracies in the world, the second being Vatican City. Iran's government derives its constitutional, moral, and political legitimacy from Islam. As a result of this theocratic culture, rules are set and interpreted with a much different calibrator than that of the Western world. Islam affects all aspects of Iranian life. This is further complicated by the fact that Islam is not a nationalistic faith, in that many people all over the world believe in and adhere to Islamic principles. As a result, a political system that derives much of its fervor from being nationalistic is caught between two worlds, one within the land boundaries of Iran and the other within a faith that transcends boundaries. Thus, any understanding of Islamic law must first be understood within this delicate balance of nationalism and transcendence. Iran has found itself on the international stage concerning its nuclear program. Because Iran is a theocratic state, it is imperative to examine its political moves, speeches, rights, and obligations through the lens of Islam. This study will examine how Islam plays a role in Iran's dealing with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), its understanding of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), including parties obligations under Safeguards Agreements and the Additional Protocol, and also provide a recommendation on how to move forward in dealings with Iran based in part on an understanding of Islamic principles.

  9. Biclique Cryptanalysis of the Block Cipher SQUARE Department of Information Technology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    , University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran Abstract. SQUARE, an 8-round substitution-permutation block cipher

  10. A New Appr ach to Iran o The Need for Transf rmative Diplomacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polz, Martin

    A New Appr ach to Iran o o The Need for Transf rmative Diplomacy John Tirman MIT CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDIES July 2009 Revised and Updated #12;A New Approach to Iran TABLE OF CONTENTS The Imperative > - -ii #12;A New Approach to Iran The Challenges 34 Iran and the New Approach 35 Nuclear Weapons 37

  11. Earth and Space Science The 2013 Mw 6.2 Khaki-Shonbe (Iran) Earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, John

    Earth and Space Science The 2013 Mw 6.2 Khaki-Shonbe (Iran) Earthquake: Insights into seismic Studies in Basic Sciences, Zanjan, Iran, 5Department of Geophysics, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado, USA, 6Seismotectonics Department, Geological Survey of Iran, Tehran, Iran, 7International

  12. Iran`s petroleum policy: Current trends and the future outlook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pezeshki, S.; Fesharaki, F.

    1994-12-01

    The Iranian economy and political situation have undergone radical changes since the 1979 Islamic revolution. The excesses of the early years of the revolution have gradually given way to moderation and a more pragmatic economic policy--based on the principles of the free market. The petroleum policy, as a subset of the economic policies, has been somewhat affected by the political and economic developments in Iran. The petroleum policy has changed from a position of no foreign participation to a position that includes a desire for foreign participation, the text of a model contract, and an attempt to introduce new technologies in the upstream sector. This report provides an overview of the key issues facing the Iranian oil industry and the economic context in which the oil industry is operating in Iran. It describes the evolution of policies meant to move the oil industry toward the free market; it discusses Iran`s oil trading partners, the outlook for refining and project investments, and current and likely future developments in the natural gas and petrochemical sectors. In short, the report provides an up-to-date assessment of the Iranian petroleum sector and its likely evolution in the future.

  13. FBIS report. Science and technology: Japan, December 10, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-12-10

    Contents (partial): Japan: Fabrication of Diamond Single Crystal Thin Film by Ion Beam Deposition; Japan: Hitachi Metal Develops New Semi Solid Metal Processing Technology; Japan: NTT Develops Fuel Cell System That Uses Both City Gas, LPG; Japan: Daihatsu Motor Completes Prototype EV; Japan: NIRIM Announces Success With Synthetic Bone Development; Japan: Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Plans Clinical Trials of Gene Therapy to Cerebral Tumor in Japan; Japan: MITI To Provide Aid for Residential Solar Power Generation Systems; Japan: MELCO To Provide Satellite Solar Cell Panel for SSL, USA; Japan: Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute Leads Nuclear Research; Japan: Kobe Steel`s Superconducting Magnet Ready to Go Fast; Japan: MPT To Begin Validation Test for Electric Money Implementation; and Japan: Defense Agency to Send ASDF`s Pilots to Russia for Training.

  14. Japan's Residential Energy Demand Outlook to 2030 Considering Energy Efficiency Standards "Top-Runner Approach"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Komiyama, Ryoichi

    2008-01-01

    ABORATORY Japan’s Residential Energy Demand Outlook to 2030o r n i a Japan’s Residential Energy Demand Outlook to 2030outlook of Japan’s residential energy demand, developed by a

  15. A Study to Assess Needed Improvements and Barriers in Planning and Delivering Agricultural Extension Activities in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khoshnaw, Yousif Khalid

    2013-07-22

    The purpose of this study was to assess planning and delivering agricultural extension activities in the Kurdistan region of Iraq for future program implementation. The study was a descriptive research and used a modified ...

  16. Collateral Damage In Iraq and Capital Punishment in the U.S.: How the Public Makes Sense of Extreme Violence and Death

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capps, Jason Scott

    2010-07-28

    Collateral Damage in Iraq and Capital Punishment in the U.S.: How the Public Makes Sense of Extreme Violence and Death This dissertation investigates the tendencies, attitudes, beliefs, ideologies, and narratives that citizens in the Pacific...

  17. FBIS report. Science and technology: Japan, May 7, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-05-07

    ;Partial Contents: Japan: FH1 Aerospace Division Executive on UAV R&D; JapaN: MHI Delivers First F-2 Flight Test Model; Nuclear Technologies; Japan: Nuclear Material Research in Cross-Over Research Project; Japan: MITI To Subsidize Development of Cryptography; Defense Industries; Japan: JADI Announces FY96 Major Events Schedule; Japan: Rollout Ceremony Held for First OH-X Flight Test Model; and Japan: KHI Weapons Designer OH-X Development.

  18. Iran: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:on OpeneiAlbanianStudy) (Webinar)LakotaIowa/WindIpswichIran:

  19. Us-Japan cooperation on safeguards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beddingfield, David H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Menlove, Howard O [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hori, Masato [JAEA; Kawakubo, Yoko [JAEA; Mcclelland - Kerr, J [NNSA

    2009-01-01

    There is a long history of collaborative safeguards development between the United States and Japan. Japan has built, and continues to expand, the largest civil nuclear fuel cycle under full-scope IAEA safeguards in world. This development has posed unique challenges to the international safeguards system. Safeguards developments made through the US-Japan cooperation to address these unique challenges have significantly impacted the technologies deployed for international safeguards applications around the world.

  20. Time to pull out. And not just from Iraq. -Print Version -International Herald Tribune http://www.iht.com/bin/print_ipub.php?file=/articles/2005/07/15/opinion/eddeutch.php

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    Time to pull out. And not just from Iraq. - Print Version - International Herald Tribune http://www.iht.com/bin/print_ipub.php?file=/articles/2005/07/15/opinion/eddeutch.php Time to pull out. And not just from Iraq. John Deutch The New York. This is true whether we are acting alone, as is largely the case in Iraq, or as part of an international

  1. America and the Misshaping of a New World Order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunn, Giles; Gutiérrez-Jones, Carl

    2010-01-01

    all I heard was Bomb Iraq . . . Bomb Iran . . . or damnAssassin’s Gate: America in Iraq (New York: Farrar, Strausof the American invasion of Iraq. It would lead the “great

  2. Transformer Efficiency Assessment - Okinawa, Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas L. Baldwin; Robert J. Turk; Kurt S. Myers; Jake P. Gentle; Jason W. Bush

    2012-05-01

    The US Army Engineering & Support Center, Huntsville (USAESCH), and the US Marine Corps Base (MCB), Okinawa, Japan retained Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to conduct a Transformer Efficiency Assessment of “key” transformers located at multiple military bases in Okinawa, Japan. The purpose of this assessment is to support the Marine Corps Base, Okinawa in evaluating medium voltage distribution transformers for potential efficiency upgrades. The original scope of work included the MCB providing actual transformer nameplate data, manufacturer’s factory test sheets, electrical system data (kWh), demand data (kWd), power factor data, and electricity cost data. Unfortunately, the MCB’s actual data is not available and therefore making it necessary to de-scope the original assessment. Note: Any similar nameplate data, photos of similar transformer nameplates, and basic electrical details from one-line drawings (provided by MCB) are not a replacement for actual load loss test data. It is recommended that load measurements are performed on the high and low sides of transformers to better quantify actual load losses, demand data, and power factor data. We also recommend that actual data, when available, be inserted by MCB Okinawa where assumptions have been made and then the LCC analysis updated. This report covers a generalized assessment of modern U.S. transformers in a three level efficiency category, Low-Level efficiency, Medium-Level efficiency, and High-Level efficiency.

  3. Transformer Efficiency Assessment - Okinawa, Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas L. Baldwin; Robert J. Turk; Kurt S. Myers; Jake P. Gentle; Jason W. Bush

    2012-08-01

    The US Army Engineering & Support Center, Huntsville (USAESCH), and the US Marine Corps Base (MCB), Okinawa, Japan retained Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to conduct a Transformer Efficiency Assessment of “key” transformers located at multiple military bases in Okinawa, Japan. The purpose of this assessment is to support the Marine Corps Base, Okinawa in evaluating medium voltage distribution transformers for potential efficiency upgrades. The original scope of work included the MCB providing actual transformer nameplate data, manufacturer’s factory test sheets, electrical system data (kWh), demand data (kWd), power factor data, and electricity cost data. Unfortunately, the MCB’s actual data is not available and therefore making it necessary to de-scope the original assessment. Note: Any similar nameplate data, photos of similar transformer nameplates, and basic electrical details from one-line drawings (provided by MCB) are not a replacement for actual load loss test data. It is recommended that load measurements are performed on the high and low sides of transformers to better quantify actual load losses, demand data, and power factor data. We also recommend that actual data, when available, be inserted by MCB Okinawa where assumptions have been made and then the LCC analysis updated. This report covers a generalized assessment of modern U.S. transformers in a three level efficiency category, Low-Level efficiency, Medium-Level efficiency, and High-Level efficiency.

  4. Key Classification Attack on Block Ciphers Maghsoud Parviz, Math. Dept., Sharif University of Technology,Tehran, IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    of Technology,Tehran, IRAN maghsoudparviz@alum.sharif.ir Seyed Hassan Mousavi, Math. Dept., Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, IRAN shnmousavi_iut@yahoo.fr Saeed Mirahmadi, Pooyesh Educational Institute, Qom, IRAN

  5. COLLOQUIUM: Technical Aspects of the Iran Nuclear Deal | Princeton...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    November 6, 2015, 2:15pm to 3:30pm MBG Auditorium COLLOQUIUM: Technical Aspects of the Iran Nuclear Deal Professor Robert Goldston Princeton University Contact Information...

  6. Early Islamic architecture in Iran (637-1059) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anisi, Alireza

    2008-01-01

    This thesis discusses the architecture of early Islamic Iran (16-450/637-1059). To better understand the architectural history of this period, it is necessary to specify in detail how it took shape and to describe its ...

  7. Feasibility of Application of Modern Methods of Construction in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hashemi, Arman; Noguchi, Masa; Altan, Hasim

    2015-01-01

    Various plans and policies have been adopted by the Iranian Government to address the housing shortages in Iran. Some of these policies have been successful and some have failed dramatically deteriorating the housing conditions. Technology transfer...

  8. The role of energy sector in sustainable development in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golabi, Zanyar

    2011-01-01

    Generally speaking, both supply and use of energy in Iran are unsustainable. The unsustainable energy supply and use coupled with an unreliable and unsecure energy system have striking and lasing impacts on economic, social ...

  9. Japan's Triple Disaster The Continuing News Story

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Napp, Nils

    of a large tsunami striking the Sendai Plain is high," -Koji Minoura #12;11 News Focus "This is the return not pragmatic." -Fumihiko Imamura #12;18 News Of The Week Does Japan Need Nuclear Power? #12;19 News & Analysis Nuclear Power #12;The Story Continues Japan's Energy Policy Renewable Energy Innovation Rebuilding Tohoku

  10. The Spatiality of Power in Internet Control and Cyberwar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashraf, Cameran Hooshang

    2015-01-01

    D. (1989). The longest war: the Iran-Iraq military conflict.2013). Internet censorship in Iran: A first look. Free andC. (2011a). Understanding Iran’s Cyberpolitical Context.

  11. Web MSNBC Search Alerts Newsletters RSS Help MSN Home Hotmail Sign In Conflict in Iraq

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    3,000 deaths, the vast majority in Haiti, and $45 billion in damage in the United States alone, the United States among them, have chosen France as the site for a $13 billion experimental nuclear fusion by Japan, the United States, South Korea, Russia, China and the European Union, but the six parties had

  12. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    Figure 5. Monthly oil production for Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait,day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq Kuwait Figure 6.and the peak in U.S. oil production account for the broad

  13. United States, France and Japan Increase Cooperation on Sodium...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    United States, France and Japan Increase Cooperation on Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor Prototypes United States, France and Japan Increase Cooperation on Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor...

  14. Fact #723: April 16, 2012 Japan's Earthquake and Tsunami Resulted...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3: April 16, 2012 Japan's Earthquake and Tsunami Resulted in Major Losses for Japanese Automakers Fact 723: April 16, 2012 Japan's Earthquake and Tsunami Resulted in Major Losses...

  15. United States and Japan Sign Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Japan Sign Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan to Promote Nuclear Energy Cooperation United States and Japan Sign Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan to Promote Nuclear Energy...

  16. Japan in Asia's Space Race: Directions and Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PEKKANEN, Saadia M.

    2013-01-01

    Cyberspace, and National Security,” Air Force Association,industrial policy with national security are not likely toin- terest of Japan’s national security. THE PLAYERS AND THE

  17. Factsheet: Second Meeting of the United States-Japan Bilateral...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Second Meeting of the United States-Japan Bilateral Commission on Civil Nuclear Cooperation Factsheet: Second Meeting of the United States-Japan Bilateral Commission on Civil...

  18. On the threshold of the political: The sonic performativity of rooftop chanting in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kheshti, R

    2015-01-01

    of Rooftop Chanting in Iran Roshanak Kheshti Inja kojast? TPoem for the Rooftops of Iran: ‘Where Is This Place’,”Poema para las azoteas de Irán — 19 de junio de 2009,”

  19. Search for Impact Craters in Iran: Citizen Science as a Useful Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pourkhorsandi, Hamed

    2013-01-01

    To recognition probable impact craters in Iran, we use Google Earth data in the first step. Some probable structures identified and studies suggest non-impact origin for them. Studies on other craters in Iran are in progress.

  20. Activities of Building Commissioning in Japan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanagihara, R.

    2006-01-01

    and BackgroundIntroduction and Background #0;?#0;?#0;?#0;? Activities of Building CActivities of Building C??in Japanin Japan ?? IBEC Activity for IEA/Annex40,47IBEC Activity for IEA/Annex40,47 ?? SHASE Activity for Commissioning GuidelineSHASE Activity... ??TepcoTepcoTachikawaTachikawaBuildingBuilding ??Yamatake Research CenterYamatake Research Center ??Red Cross Medical Center Red Cross Medical Center Commissioning Map, Japan and WorldCommissioning Map, Japan and World SHASE BEMS Committee...

  1. The Conditional Relationship between Risk and Return in Iran's Stock Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    The Conditional Relationship between Risk and Return in Iran's Stock Market Mahdieh Rezagholizadeh an important role in Iran's economic growth. This paper examines the factors that affect stock returns in Iran by estimating the relationship between various sources of risk -- market risk, oil price risk

  2. Ghandi & Lin 1 Do Iran's Buy-Back Service Contracts Lead to Optimal Production?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    Ghandi & Lin 1 Do Iran's Buy-Back Service Contracts Lead to Optimal Production? The Case of Soroosh oil production on Iran's offshore Soroosh and Nowrooz fields, which have been developed by Shell countries' energy policies. Among the OPEC members, Iran, with 137.6 billion barrels of proven oil reserves

  3. REVIEW OF CHAPTER 23: OLD MOSSY AND THE STRUGGLE FOR IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    REVIEW OF CHAPTER 23: OLD MOSSY AND THE STRUGGLE FOR IRAN Chapter review broken out to assert his authority. Implications for Iran's oil. Along with his attempt to extend his political control, he sought to readjust the financial ties between Iran and the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, in a similar

  4. 1 aot 2005 Rapport de mission CIMPA en Iran, juillet 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    1 août 2005 Rapport de mission CIMPA en Iran, juillet 2005 Je suis allé en Iran du 8 au 23 juillet. Malgré ces absences la participation de jeunes mathématiciens en dehors de l'Iran a été convenable (même

  5. The Forgotten Schools The Baha'is and Modern Education in Iran, 18991934

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wintner, Shuly

    The Forgotten Schools The Baha'is and Modern Education in Iran, 1899­1934 Soli ShahvarTAURIS ACADEMIC STUDIES By the end of the nineteenth century it became evident to Iran's ruling Qajar elite in Iran as early as the 1830s, these were limited mainly to Christian areas and communities and were far

  6. Some insight on why Bam (Iran) was destroyed by an earthquake of relatively moderate size

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    Some insight on why Bam (Iran) was destroyed by an earthquake of relatively moderate size Michel March 2006; accepted 29 March 2006; published 13 May 2006. [1] The Bam (Iran) earthquake of 2003. Hatzfeld, J. A. Jackson, and E. Haghshenas (2006), Some insight on why Bam (Iran) was destroyed

  7. Seismic imaging of the lithospheric structure of the Zagros mountain belt (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    Seismic imaging of the lithospheric structure of the Zagros mountain belt (Iran) ANNE PAUL1*, DENIS International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran 3 Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), PO Box 45195-1159, Zanjan, Iran *Corresponding author (e-mail: Anne

  8. Visit in Iran from August 23 to September 6, 2003 Michel Waldschmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    Visit in Iran from August 23 to September 6, 2003 by Michel Waldschmidt Introduction. In August of Mathematicians). There I met the representatives of Iran, Dr Mehdi Behzad, President of the Iranian Mathematical to Iran to go there. She helped me to contact the Director of this institute, Professor Youssef Sobuti

  9. GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1 , F. Masson2 Department, National Cartographic Centre, PO Box 13185­1684, Meraj Ave, Tehran, Iran e-mail: f and Seismology, Farmanieh, Dibaji, Arghavan St., No. 27, 19531 Tehran, Iran Received: 22 July 2002 / Accepted: 26

  10. Phytologia (December 2011) 93(3)316 IDENTIFICATON OF THE ELBURZ MOUNTAINS, IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (December 2011) 93(3)316 IDENTIFICATON OF THE ELBURZ MOUNTAINS, IRAN JUNIPER and Rangelands, Box 13185-116, Tehran, Iran ABSTRACT The utilization of 3,714 bp from four gene regions (nr the Elburz Mtns., Iran as Juniperus polycarpos var. polycarpos, not J. excelsa. The combined NJ tree (3

  11. Extension in NW Iran driven by the motion of the South Caspian Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    Extension in NW Iran driven by the motion of the South Caspian Basin F. Masson a,, Y. Djamour b , S, Iran c International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Farmanieh, Dibaji, Arghavan St., N° 27, 19531 Tehran, Iran d Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts

  12. Deciphering oblique shortening of central Alborz in Iran using geodetic data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    Deciphering oblique shortening of central Alborz in Iran using geodetic data Ph. Vernanta,*, F 13185-1684, Meraj Av., Tehran, Iran Received 27 January 2004; received in revised form 16 April 2004 accommodates the differential motion between the Sanandaj­Sirjan zone in central Iran and the South Caspian

  13. NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 10 | JULY 2014 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 465 Science diplomacy in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    in Iran Warren E. Pickett, Anthony J. Leggett and Paul C. W. Chu Iranian scientists are growing increasingly isolated because of political tensions between Iran and the West. We attempt to alleviate been unwelcome during most of the ensuing 35 years. The strained political relationship between Iran

  14. Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simons, Mark

    Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the origin of shallow slip on seismogenic faults. We derive the full vector displacement field due to the Bam, Iran, earthquake of moment on deformation associated with the Mw Ľ 6.5 Bam earthquake in Iran determined using the SAR data from the ERS

  15. Nowzari et al. Habitat Associations of Persian Wild Ass in Iran HABITAT ASSOCIATIONS OF PERSIAN WILD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubenstein, Daniel I.

    25 Nowzari et al. · Habitat Associations of Persian Wild Ass in Iran HABITAT ASSOCIATIONS OF PERSIAN WILD ASS (EQUUS HEMIONUS ONAGER) IN QA- TROUYEH NATIONAL PARK, IRAN HANIYEH NOWZARI, Department of Environment, Abadeh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abadeh, Iran. Address: No.475, 90 alley, Ghasrodasht Av

  16. Phytologia (August 2012) 94(2) 219 TAXONOMY OF JUNIPERUS IN IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (August 2012) 94(2) 219 TAXONOMY OF JUNIPERUS IN IRAN: INSIGHT FROM DNA SEQUENCING_Adams@baylor.edu and Fatemeh Hojjati Dept. of Plant Sciences, University of Tehran, Box 14155-6455, Tehran, Iran ABSTRACT that junipers from the southern mountain ranges of Iran are very diverse. The combined NJ tree (3,705 bp) showed

  17. Low fault friction in Iran implies localized deformation for the ArabiaEurasia collision zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    Low fault friction in Iran implies localized deformation for the Arabia­Eurasia collision zone P velocity field of the present-day deformation in Iran is modeled using a 3-dimensional (3D) finite element of the kinematics in Iran, but the complex velocity field of the surrounding South Caspian basin cannot be fitted

  18. Barred from college in Iran, Moorpark resident excels at studies in the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angles, University of

    Barred from college in Iran, Moorpark resident excels at studies in the U.S. Putting his faith to the United States because of religious descrimination. Sattar Khoshkhoo came to the United States from Iran'i faith. #12;His family had been living a comfortable life in Iran, his dad working as a dentist, his mom

  19. Detrital zircon provenance of Neoproterozoic to Cenozoic deposits in Iran: Implications for chronostratigraphy and collisional tectonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horton, Brian K.

    Detrital zircon provenance of Neoproterozoic to Cenozoic deposits in Iran: Implications 14155-6455, Tehran, Iran d Department of Geology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA e provenance history of Iran. The results place improved chronological constraints on the age of earliest

  20. Foreign Fishery Developments Abalone Culture in Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as awabe in Japan, is a popular and traditional food maintain ing a good, consistent market value. Up of food. Abalone feed on many types of macroalgae (seaweed), but prefer partic ular types. Relationships

  1. Beam Test Possibilities in Japan Tatsushi NAKAMOTO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    ) & IMR Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant KEK Narita Airport ·Facilities in East Japan were damaged) & IMR Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant KEK Nari gas or vacuum Tradeoff: irradiation temperature or fluence ­ Allowable limit of radioactivity

  2. Physics in Collision 2009 -- Kobe, Japan

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Dr. Yuji Yamazaki

    2010-01-08

    Dr. Yuji Yamazaki, a host of the Physics in Collision 2009 conference, and Dr. Thomas Muller, who will host the conference in 2010, talk about PIC 2009 in Kobe, Japan.

  3. Japan’s Approaches to DefenseTransparency: Perspectivesfrom the Japanese and Chinese Defense Establishments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fei, John

    2012-01-01

    s firm opposition to nuclear weapons is grounded in twopossessing, or importing nuclear weapons (Hughes 2007, 85).the introduction of nuclear weapons in Japan in case of an

  4. The Tokai Reprocessing Issue: Japan’s Rise to Elite Nation Status in the 1970s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shih, Ashanti

    2011-01-01

    the Acquisition of Nuclear Weapons [Includes Japan Sectioncan be used to create nuclear weapons. If the spent fuel isbetween nations with nuclear weapons and nations which

  5. Sedimentology, diagenesis, and oil habitat of Lower Cretaceous Qamchuqa Group, Northern Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al Shdidi, S.; Thomas, G.; Delfaud, J. [Avenue de l`Universite, Pau (France)

    1995-05-01

    The Zagros basin (Iraq) constitutes a rich petroleum province. The Lower Cretaceous Qamchuqa Group comprises on of its major reservoirs. Data from about 30 wells, drilled in a limited sector corresponding to a northwest-southeast anticlinal structure situated in the Kirkuk region, permit analysis of serveral sedimentological and diagenetic events that led to the formation of this reservoir. Facies changes took place and divided the structure into three parts: the northwestern part in which neritic facies dominate, the central part in which basinal influence is considerable, and the southeastern part that shows basinal mudstone type facies. The Lower Cretaceous carbonate platform in the northwestern part of the study area displays good primary porosity. During the course of burial, high secondary porosity related to dolomitization appeared. However, a major part of the porosity was produced when the reservoir was fractured during the Priabonian after the collision between the Arabian and Eurasian plates. Lopatin`s method suggests that organic matter maturation started during the Turonian (around 90 MA), whereas most of the maturation developed during the Miocene due to the rapid accumulation of foreland basin sediments containing evaporite facies (lower Fars Formation) followed by the accumulation of thick upper molasse-type sediments from the erosion of the Zagros Mountains. The accumulation of sediments enhanced the total tectonic subsidence. During this period, the relatively brief time spent by the source rock in a given temperature interval was compensated for by a rapid rise in temperature. This late thermal maturation period controlled most of the transformation of the organic matter into hydrocarbons.

  6. Japan-Taiwan Joint SymposiumJapan-Taiwan Joint Symposium onon Innovative Synthesis forInnovative Synthesis for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Japan-Taiwan Joint SymposiumJapan-Taiwan Joint Symposium onon Innovative Synthesis for, TaiwanThe National Science Council, Taiwan ·· Taipei Economic & Cultural Representative Office in Japan://www.kuicrkuicr..kyoto-ukyoto-u.ac..ac.jp/jp/ #12;Japan-Taiwan Joint Symposium on Innovative Synthesis for New Materials Chemistry Date October 3

  7. The Khopik porphyry copper prospect, Lut Block, Eastern Iran: Geology, alteration and mineralization, fluid inclusion, and oxygen isotope studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraus, Mary

    The Khopik porphyry copper prospect, Lut Block, Eastern Iran: Geology, alteration.R. Stern b a Research Center for Ore Deposits of Eastern Iran, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran b and mineralization Microthermometry Stable isotope The Khopik porphyry copper (Au, Mo) prospect in Eastern Iran

  8. Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4)288 Leaf essential oils of Juniperus in central and southern Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4)288 Leaf essential oils of Juniperus in central and southern Iran Tehran 14115-154, Iran. ABSTRACT Leaf essential oils from Juniperus from southern Iran were analyzed oils from southern Iran were mainly in two groups: high cedrol (cf. J. excelsa, J. polycarpos and J

  9. Iranian Journal of Science & Technology, Transaction A, Vol. 32, No. A3 Printed in the Islamic Republic of Iran, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Peter K.N.

    Republic of Iran, 2008 © Shiraz University DOSE RESPONSE OF IRRADIATED XRCT RADIOCHROMIC FILM* M. J. BUTSON

  10. International initiative to engage Iraq's science and technology community : report on the priorities of the Iraqi science and technology community.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Littlefield, Adriane C.; Munir, Ammar M. (Arab Science and Technology Foundation, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates); Alnajjar, Abdalla Abdelaziz (Arab Science and Technology Foundation, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates); Pregenzer, Arian Leigh

    2004-05-01

    This report describes the findings of the effort initiated by the Arab Science and Technology Foundation and the Cooperative Monitoring Center at Sandia National Laboratories to identify, contact, and engage members of the Iraqi science and technology (S&T) community. The initiative is divided into three phases. The first phase, the survey of the Iraqi scientific community, shed light on the most significant current needs in the fields of science and technology in Iraq. Findings from the first phase will lay the groundwork for the second phase that includes the organization of a workshop to bring international support for the initiative, and simultaneously decides on an implementation mechanism. Phase three involves the execution of outcomes of the report as established in the workshop. During Phase 1 the survey team conducted a series of trips to Iraq during which they had contact with nearly 200 scientists from all sections of the country, representing all major Iraqi S&T specialties. As a result of these contacts, the survey team obtained over 450 project ideas from Iraqi researchers. These projects were revised and analyzed to identify priorities and crucial needs. After refinement, the result is approximately 170 project ideas that have been categorized according to their suitability for (1) developing joint research projects with international partners, (2) engaging Iraqi scientists in solving local problems, and (3) developing new business opportunities. They have also been ranked as to high, medium, or low priority.

  11. Mobile on-site sample collection, preparation, and analysis in Iraq. Final report, January-April 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swahn, I.D.; Brzezinski, J.H.

    1996-11-01

    The U.S. Army Edgewood Research, Development and Engineering Center has developed mobile on-site sample collection, preparation, and analysis equipment to collect environmental samples in highly contaminated areas. This equipment is being used by the United Nations Special Commission at the Baghdad Monitoring and Verification Center (BMVC), which provides long-term monitoring of dual-purpose chemical sites in Iraq, especially those with potential for chemical warfare (CW) production. A mobile laboratory was set-up in the BMVC to prepare and analyze samples collected throughout Iraq. Automatic air samplers were installed at various sites to collect vapor samples on absorption tubes that were analyzed using a gas chromatographic (GC) flame photometric detector (FPD). Mobile sample collection kits were used to collect solid, liquid, air, and wipe samples during challenge inspections. These samples were prepared using a sample preparation kit, which concentrates CW agent, breakdown products, and their precursors in complex matrices down to sub part per million levels for chemical analysis by a GC mass selective detector (MSD). This report describes the problems and solutions encountered with setting up a self-sufficient mobile analytical laboratory. Details of the various components associated with the laboratory and the collection kits are included.

  12. Inside the Castle Gates: How Foreign Corporations Nagivate Japan's Policymaking Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kushida, Kenji Erik

    2010-01-01

    Japan's Double Standards: Technical Standards and U.S. -Japan's Double Standards: Technical Standards and U.S. -Relations." In Japan's Technical Standards : Implications

  13. The kinematics of the Zagros Mountains (Iran) D. HATZFELD1*, C. AUTHEMAYOU24, P. VAN DER BEEK5, O. BELLIER2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    The kinematics of the Zagros Mountains (Iran) D. HATZFELD1*, C. AUTHEMAYOU2­4, P. VAN DER BEEK5, O Survey of Iran, PO Box 13185-1494, Tehran, Iran 8 International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, PO Box 19395/3913, Tehran, Iran 9 National Cartographic Center, PO Box 13185/1684, Tehran, Iran

  14. Rana Novini ATOC 3500 Open-air pits are used to burn garbage and other wastes at bases in Iraq and Afghanistan that lack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    /aluminum cans Munitions and other unexploded ordnance Petroleum and lubricant products Plastics and styrofoam across the country have filed numerous lawsuits which have been consolidated in the United States, National Guard personnel, contract employees and others serving our country in Iraq and/or Afghanistan

  15. Nuclear proliferation: Learning from the Iraq experience. Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, October 17 and 23, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    Most of this hearings record is devoted to brief statements to the committee and prepared statements submitted for the record by: (1) Dr. David Kay, Deputy Leader, IAEA Action Team for Nuclear Inspections; and (2) Dr. Hans Blix, Director General, IAEA. Dr. Kay spent considerable time in Iraq during the seven IAEA inspections of Iraqi facilities between May 14-23, 1991 and October 11-21, 1991. He says (1) it is overwhelmingly clear that Iraq had a clandestine nuclear weapons program of considerable breadth; and (2) there is a very high probability that Iraq is still withholding information from the inspection effort of the IAEA. He concludes that IAEA, with firm backing of the U.N. Security Council and a minimum of constraints, has a substantial proven capacity to carry out inspections. Dr. Blix reviews briefly the history of the IAEA inspection effort, starting with the 1950s' Atoms for Peace Program. He emphasizes that the one factor that enabled IAEA inspectors to find out in 5 months in Iraq what had not been uncovered in 10 years, was intelligence information; further, IAEA will make special efforts in the future to obtain such intelligence information.

  16. Utilization of LPG for vehicles in Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kusakabe, M.; Makino, M.; Tokunoh, M.

    1988-01-01

    LPG demand for vehicles amounts to 1.8 MM tons annually, equivalent to about 11% of the total LPG consumption in Japan. The feature which dominates the demand of LPG as a vehicle fuel in Japan is the high penetration of LPG powered vehicles into taxi fleets. This has been made possible following the rationalization in the taxi business in the early 1960s. Today, three quarters of LPG vehicles, numbering some 235,000 while representing only about 1% of the total number of vehicles, account for nearly 93% of all taxicabs.

  17. Land and Revolution in Iran, 1960-1980. By Eric J. Hooglund. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982. Pp. xvii+191. Notes, bibliography, and index. $19.95

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moshiri, Farrokh

    1984-01-01

    S 1960-1980. By Eric in Iran, J. Hooglund. Austin: 1982. Pp.Hooglund's Land and Revolution Iran, in valuable addition toobjective economic, and Iran (1960), and a few articles in

  18. Groundwater depletion in the Middle East from GRACE with implications for transboundary water management in the Tigris-Euphrates-Western Iran region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voss, Katalyn A; Famiglietti, James S; Lo, MinHui; de Linage, Caroline; Rodell, Matthew; Swenson, Sean C

    2013-01-01

    in Marand Plain, Northwest Iran, Iranian Int. J. Sci. , 6(2008), Land subsidence in Iran caused by wide- spread waterTigris-Euphrates-Western Iran region, Water Resour. Res. ,

  19. Review: Bad Water, Nature, Pollution and Politics in Japan, 1870-1950

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Ryder W.

    2015-01-01

    Review: Bad Water, Nature, Pollution and Politics in Japan,Robert. Bad Water, Nature, Pollution and Politics in Japan,

  20. Groundwater monitoring program plan and conceptual site model for the Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Center in Iraq.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Copland, John Robin; Cochran, John Russell

    2013-07-01

    The Radiation Protection Center of the Iraqi Ministry of Environment is developing a groundwater monitoring program (GMP) for the Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Center located near Baghdad, Iraq. The Al-Tuwaitha Nuclear Research Center was established in about 1960 and is currently being cleaned-up and decommissioned by Iraq's Ministry of Science and Technology. This Groundwater Monitoring Program Plan (GMPP) and Conceptual Site Model (CSM) support the Radiation Protection Center by providing:A CSM describing the hydrogeologic regime and contaminant issues,recommendations for future groundwater characterization activities, anddescriptions of the organizational elements of a groundwater monitoring program. The Conceptual Site Model identifies a number of potential sources of groundwater contamination at Al-Tuwaitha. The model also identifies two water-bearing zones (a shallow groundwater zone and a regional aquifer). The depth to the shallow groundwater zone varies from approximately 7 to 10 meters (m) across the facility. The shallow groundwater zone is composed of a layer of silty sand and fine sand that does not extend laterally across the entire facility. An approximately 4-m thick layer of clay underlies the shallow groundwater zone. The depth to the regional aquifer varies from approximately 14 to 17 m across the facility. The regional aquifer is composed of interfingering layers of silty sand, fine-grained sand, and medium-grained sand. Based on the limited analyses described in this report, there is no severe contamination of the groundwater at Al-Tuwaitha with radioactive constituents. However, significant data gaps exist and this plan recommends the installation of additional groundwater monitoring wells and conducting additional types of radiological and chemical analyses.

  1. Mission en Iran du 23 Aot au 6 septembre 2003 Michel Waldschmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    Mission en Iran du 23 Août au 6 septembre 2003 Michel Waldschmidt Introduction. En août 2002 je (ICM 2002). Lors de cette Assemblée Générale à Shanghai j'ai rencontré les représentants de l'Iran, Le'Institute for Advanced Study in Basic Science (IASBS) de Zanjan, et qui m'a recommandé de profiter de mon voyage en Iran

  2. Yeki bud, yeki nabud: Essays on the Archaeoogy of Iran in Honor of William M. Sumner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2003-01-01

    Society in the Southern Zagros Mountains, Iran. In Chie?iomssystem is evident in the Zagros by the Zarzian. Jlichaclof Pastoralism in the Central Zagros Highlands (Luristan).

  3. International Journal of Forest, Soil and Erosion (IJFSE) Vol. 3 No.1 February 2013 Shabestar, I. R. Iran | 45

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mencuccini, Maurizio

    . Iran | 45 Int. J. Forest, Soil and Erosion, 2013 3(1): 45-53 ISSN 2251-6387 © February 2013, GHB's Journals, IJFSE, Shabestar, Iran Research Paper Short-term effects of site preparation practices

  4. Lithostratigraphy and environmental considerations of Cenomanian-Early Turonian shelf carbonates (Rumaila and Mishrif Formations) of Mesopotamian basin, middle and southern Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sherwani, G.H.M.; Aqrawi, A.A.M.

    1987-05-01

    Rumaila and Mishrif Formations form the major part of the Cenomanian early Turonian deposits of middle and southern Iraq. The Rumaila Formation consists of lithographic chalky limestone at the lower part and marly limestone and marl at the upper part. The formation represents deep off-shelf deposits, whereas the overlying Mishrif Formation is composed of various types of shallow-shelf carbonates such as rudist-bearing patchy reefs and lagoonal and off-shelf limestones. An environmental model is suggested to delineate the stratigraphic relationships between the above mentioned two formations and to correlate them with their equivalents in central Iraq (i.e., Mahilban, Fahad, and Maotsi Formations). The gradational contact between the two formations and the intertonguing with their equivalents are considered to be the most important stratigraphic phenomena.

  5. Stopping the emergence of nuclear weapon states in the Third World: An examination of the Iraq weapons inspection program. Study project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Block, D.A.

    1993-01-31

    The end of the Gulf War and the implementation of United Nation (UN) resolutions uncovered an Iraqi multi-billion dollar nuclear weapons program. Iraq's ability to pursue this clandestine program for more than a decade, despite periodic inspections, suggest that the myriad of treaties and agreements designed to curb proliferation may be inadequate. Clearly more must be done to deter and counter the spread of these deadly weapon. The UN weapons inspections in Iraq provide insight into possible solutions to the proliferation of nuclear weapons technology in the developing world. This study examines the policy and operational aspects associated with an intrusive United Nations inspection program. In its final analysis, this paper suggests that an effective challenge inspection program is a necessary element in countering the spread of weapons of mass destruction. Further, it suggests that the UN, as the only internationally accepted enforcement organization, be fully engaged in nonproliferation issues and support the challenge inspection program.

  6. History of nuclear technology development in Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamashita, Kiyonobu

    2015-04-29

    Nuclear technology development in Japan has been carried out based on the Atomic Energy Basic Act brought into effect in 1955. The nuclear technology development is limited to peaceful purposes and made in a principle to assure their safety. Now, the technologies for research reactors radiation application and nuclear power plants are delivered to developing countries. First of all, safety measures of nuclear power plants (NPPs) will be enhanced based on lesson learned from TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi NPS accident.

  7. Japan Space Imaging Corporation Business Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Workshop #12;1 Company ProfileCompany Profile Date established May 11, 1998 Paid in capital JPY 490M (US $5 and Collection Planning Japan #12;Imagery AssetsImagery Assets 3 Sellable areas 1,103,898 sq. km (426,215 sq future satellites To Date To the Future Roles ofRoles of JSIJSI #12;Mt. FujiMt. Fuji Obrigado

  8. Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the origin of shallow slip deficit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fialko, Yuri

    Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the origin of shallow slip (Iran) earth- quake using radar data from the Envisat satellite of the European Space Agency. Analysis. In this paper we report on deformation associated with the Mw6.5 Bam (Iran) earthquake determined using

  9. The vertical separation of mainshock rupture and microseismicity at Qeshm island in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, John

    -and-thrust belt, Iran E. Nissen a, , F. Yamini-Fard b , M. Tatar b , A. Gholamzadeh b,1 , E. Bergman c , J Engineering and Seismology, PO Box 19395-3913, Tehran, Iran c Department of Physics, University of Colorado rights reserved. 1. Introduction The Zagros mountains in south-western Iran are one of the most rapidly

  10. Submitted to HuffingtonPost.com Obama's Iran Nuclear Deadline: A Grand Bargain is Still Possible if Both Sides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Submitted to HuffingtonPost.com Obama's Iran Nuclear Deadline: A Grand Bargain is Still Possible Obama and Secretary of State Clinton have promised "crippling" new sanctions will be imposed on Iran by year's end if Iran does not seriously engage in negotiations on its nuclear activities. Tehran clearly

  11. Shear-wave splitting, lithospheric anisotropy, and mantle deformation beneath the ArabiaEurasia collision zone in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    ­Eurasia collision zone in Iran Ayoub Kaviani a,b,c , Denis Hatzfeld c, , Anne Paul c , Mohammad Tatar b , Keith Priestley d a Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, P.O. Box 45195-1159, Zanjan, Iran b International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, P.O. Box 19395-3913, Tehran, Iran c

  12. Home Range and Habitat Selection of the Endangered Euphrates Softshell Turtle Rafetus euphraticus in a Fragmented Habitat in Southwestern Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plummer, Michael V.

    in a Fragmented Habitat in Southwestern Iran HANYEH GHAFFARI 1,4, *, FLORA IHLOW 2,4 , MICHAEL V. PLUMMER 3 University, Tehran, Iran [ghaffari.hanyeh@gmail.com; mkarami@ut.ac.ir; khorasan@ut.ac.ir; barbodsafaei Regulating Dam Lake in southwestern Iran. Twelve adult turtles were trapped, fitted with radio

  13. Fisheries Management: The Kuwaiti Experience Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of shrimp fisheries management in Kuwait. Impact of Wars on Kuwait's Fisheries The Iraq-Iran war, which of the Iraq-Iran war in 1988, and the govemment managed the penaeid fishery, often tak ing scientific advice were suspended (Carpenter, 1992; Mathews et aI., In press). Many fishing boats were moved to Iraq

  14. S0june 2007State of the Climate in 2006 | of Iran were up to 8C cooler than normal during

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Lisan

    S0june 2007State of the Climate in 2006 | of Iran were up to 8°C cooler than normal during December. Snow and cold weather penetrated north- ern Iran, with heavy rainfall in eastern and southern Iran, precipitation totals were normal to above normal in much of Iran during autumn 2006. (v) Significant weather

  15. To Appear in Middle East Economic Survey (MEES)-Op-Ed http://www.mees.com/cms/ China's Angst over Iran Sanctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Iran Sanctions Beijing's go-it-alone oil security could fail during any U.S.-Iran conflict Thomas W O "targeted" sanctions on Iran's nuclear program. This is a significant change. For many years, China has fifty percent of its imported oil now comes from the Persian Gulf, and any U.S.-Iran clash could

  16. Japan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItron (California) Jump to:Jaffrey, NewJamesJapan: Energy

  17. Japan’s Rhetoric of Crisis: Prospects for Change after 3.11

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samuels, Richard J.

    2013-01-01

    For some Japanese political entrepreneurs, the March 2011 catastrophe in Tohoku (3.11) was a warning for Japan to “put it in gear” and head in a new direction—away from nuclear power or toward a muscular military. For ...

  18. Name * First Last Address Street Address Address Line 2 City State ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho ...

  19. Symposium Registration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho ...

  20. Characterizing Inter-domain Rerouting after Japan Earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Rocky Kow-Chuen

    Characterizing Inter-domain Rerouting after Japan Earthquake Yujing Liu1 , Xiapu Luo2 , Rocky K- domain rerouting as a result of the massive earthquake in Japan on March 2011. Moreover by unstable routing state caused by a cable fault after the earthquake. Our work provides a new method

  1. ECEEE SUMMER STUDY PROCEEDINGS 2003 Japan's 6 GW lunch break

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    of Japan's electricity consumption--are not the cause be- cause electricity-intensive industrial processes where, for the first time, one can view the entire electricity demand of Japan in real time. One of the unexpected outcomes of this display is the distinct, country- wide, reduction in electricity use during lunch

  2. Sun-Sentinel How Florida's nuclear plants compare to Japan's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    of Concerned Scientists, which opposes nuclear power, at a discussion with reporters. The group said fourSun-Sentinel How Florida's nuclear plants compare to Japan's By Julie Patel March 17, 2011 01:35 PM What went wrong at the Fukushima nuclear plant in Japan and how are Florida's nuclear plants prepared

  3. Keys for growth in Japan's mature mobile market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oto, Hiroyuki

    2005-01-01

    The objective of this thesis is to identify key factors that will produce further growth for NTT DoCoMo in Japan's mature mobile market. Since the early 1990s, the mobile phone market in Japan has grown rapidly, and ...

  4. The Japan Times Printer Friendly Articles By AKEMI NAKAMURA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HOME The Japan Times Printer Friendly Articles By AKEMI NAKAMURA With Tuesday's decision for France will take the lead in developing the promising energy source. Lost ITER bid elicits mixed reactions Where policy on chasing fusion. Soon after the six parties involved in the ITER project -- China, Japan, Russia

  5. Japan's Residential Energy Demand Outlook to 2030 Considering Energy Efficiency Standards "Top-Runner Approach"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Komiyama, Ryoichi

    2008-01-01

    2006. “Japan Long-Term Energy Outlook -A Projection up todescribes the residential energy outlook in Japan to 2030.s Residential Energy Demand Outlook to 2030 Considering

  6. Transitions in domestic architecture and home culture in twentieth century Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karimi, Z. Pamela (Zahra Pamela)

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation explores the transformation of the Iranian home in twentieth century Iran. While surveying the socio political underpinnings and aesthetic ends of domesticity in Iranian culture from the early twentieth ...

  7. Imaging topographic growth by long-lived postseismic afterslip at Sefidabeh, east Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copley, Alex; Reynolds, Kirsty

    2014-02-25

    This paper describes observations and models of the postseismic deformation following the 1994 Sefidabeh earthquake sequence in east Iran, which shed light on the nature of the earthquake cycle and the mechanisms of topographic growth in the region...

  8. On the Dialectic of Silence: Klee, Kahn, and the Space of Transversal Modernity in Iran 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baradaran Mohajeri, Shima

    2013-12-09

    This dissertation connects the cultural theory of space with specific aesthetic and architectural practices in the history of modernism that are entangled with the past and present of Iran, its artifacts, and its politics. As a response to different...

  9. Democratization and the development of Japan's uneven welfare state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shimabukuro, Yumiko T

    2012-01-01

    Comparative data reveal that Japan consistently has had one of the highest poverty rates among advanced industrialized nations, yet its government taxes the poor more heavily and gives them less in public cash transfers ...

  10. SRS Environmental Bioassay Laboratory Support Aids Japan | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    803-952-8060 AIKEN, SC- On March 11, 2011, an earthquake and a tsunami wave triggered a string of disasters in Japan that created an outpouring of relief efforts...

  11. Atlas of Japan (East) Sea hydrographic properties in summer, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talley, Lynne D.

    to the Okhotsk Sea by two even shallower straits ­ Soya (La Perouse) between Hokkaido and Sakhalin, and Tatar, between Sakhalin and the continent. In June through August, 1999, a hydrographic survey of the Japan (East

  12. Japan's delayed antinuclear power mobilization after 3.11

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teo, Lin Ern Charis

    2013-01-01

    The meltdown of Fukushima Daiichi's nuclear plant was one of three disasters that rocked Japan on 11 March 2011, a day often referred to as "3.11." This nuclear accident led to increased attention to and disapproval of ...

  13. Climate Change Taxes and Energy Efficiency in Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasahara, Satoru.

    In 2003 Japan proposed a Climate Change Tax to reduce its CO2 emissions to the level required by the Kyoto Protocol. If implemented, the tax would be levied on fossil fuel use and the revenue distributed to several sectors ...

  14. Application of lean enterprise concept to construction firms in Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taguchi, Hiroshi, 1973-

    2004-01-01

    Construction firms in Japan are struggling with the change in construction industry environment and need a new business model to meet the change. On the other hand, Japanese manufacturing companies, especially automobile ...

  15. Secondary residential demand trends in contemporary Japan and North Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lam, Michael M

    2009-01-01

    This research paper attempts to address the opportunity and challenges for Vacation Residential Development in North Asia, with specific geographic focus on Japan first through an analysis of national and regional consumption, ...

  16. The Cost of Kyoto Protocol Targets: The Case of Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paltsev, Sergey.

    This paper applies the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model to analysis of the cost of the Kyoto Protocol targets, with a special focus on Japan. The analysis demonstrates the implications of the use ...

  17. Turkey and the Kurds -- From War to Reconciliation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kubilay, Arin

    2015-01-01

    Studies Working Paper Series Turkey and the Kurds – From Warwith regional powers - Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria - and ‘the state boundaries of Turkey. The  Berkeley  Center  for  

  18. Harvard Export Control Compliance Policy Statement Harvard University investigators engage in a broad range of innovative and important

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodrich, Lisa V.

    security; lasers and sensors; navigation and avionics materials; marine-related materials; and propulsion of economic embargoes against countries, currently including Burma (Myanmar), Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North

  19. Part VII: Section J: List of Documents, Exhibits, and Other Attachment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AzerbaiJan Belarus China (People's Republic of China ) Cuba - Terrorist Georgia India Iran - Terrorist Iraq Israel Kazakhstan North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) -...

  20. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  1. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  2. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. 2 Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  3. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates...

  4. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates...

  5. Fact #887: August 24, 2015 The United States Supplies 15% of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Countries. The OPEC countries are Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela. Fact 887 Dataset...

  6. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Venezuela. In addition, it included...

  7. Fact #578: July 6, 2009 World Oil Reserves, Production, and Consumptio...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    include Venezuela, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Libya, Nigeria, Indonesia, Gabon, and Ecuador. OPEC consumption data are for 2005....

  8. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Venezuela. In addition, it included...

  9. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 3 Free on Board. See Glossary. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  10. TABLE25A.CHP:Corel VENTURA

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    pentanes plus, petroleum coke, and waxes. d Formerly Zaire. e Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. (s) Less than 500...

  11. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

  12. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

  13. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

  14. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    prices, and future concession rights. Current members are Algeria, Gabon, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and...

  15. Request for Proposal No. DE-SOL-0008418 Section J, Appendix D

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Azerbaijan Belarus China (People's Republic of China) Cuba Georgia Hong Kong India Iran Iraq Israel Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Libya Moldova North Korea (Democratic People's...

  16. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

  17. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    No data reported. W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  18. Part VII: Section J - List of Documents, Exhibits, and Other...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AzerbaiJan Belarus China (People's Republic of China ) Cuba - Terrorist Georgia India Iran - Terrorist Iraq Israel Kazakhstan North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) -...

  19. Introduction of clean coal technology in Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Takashi Kiga [Japan Coal Energy Center (JCOAL), Tokyo (Japan). R and D Department

    2008-01-15

    Coal is an abundant resource, found throughout the world, and inexpensive and constant in price. For this reason, coal is expected to play a role as one of the energy supply sources in the world. The most critical issues to promote utilization of coal are to decrease the environmental load. In this report, the history, outline and recent developments of the clean coal technology in Japan, mainly the thermal power generation technology are discussed. As recent topics, here outlined first is the technology against global warming such as the improvement of steam condition for steam turbines, improvement of power generation efficiency by introducing combined generation, carbon neutral combined combustion of biomass, and carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) technology. Also introduced are outlines of Japanese superiority in application technology against NOx and SO{sub 2} which create acid rain, development status of the technical improvement in the handling method for coal which is a rather difficult solid-state resource, and utilization of coal ash.

  20. Regional Impact of an Elevated Heat Source: The Zagros Plateau of Iran BENJAMIN F. ZAITCHIK, JASON P. EVANS, AND RONALD B. SMITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Jason

    Regional Impact of an Elevated Heat Source: The Zagros Plateau of Iran BENJAMIN F. ZAITCHIK, JASON in the north, the Taurus Moun- tains of Turkey, and the Zagros Plateau in Iran. Inter- secting atmospheric

  1. Exhumation History of the Alam Kuh Area, Central Alborz Mountains, Northern Iran: Implications for Caspian subsidence and Collision-Related Tectonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Mark

    Exhumation History of the Alam Kuh Area, Central Alborz Mountains, Northern Iran: Implications, University of Tehran, Iran Abstract. Crystallization and thermal histories of two plutons in the northwestern Alborz (also Elburz, Elburs) Mountains, northern Iran were obtained by U/Pb, 40 Ar/39 Ar, and (U

  2. A program for reducing teacher's resistance to changes in curriculum in centralized education systems. An experience on changes of mathematics text books in Iran based on distinction results.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    systems. An experience on changes of mathematics text books in Iran based on distinction results. Zohreh systems are prepared from an upper-stream reference and hand over teachers' disposal . Curricula in Iran as Polya had said. And so curricula developers in Iran tried to integrate Polya's method in math books

  3. The 3-stage evolution of the Angouran Zn "oxide"-sulfide deposit, Iran Fakultt Chemie, Technische Universitt Mnchen, Germany albert.gilg@geo.tum.de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boni, Maria

    The 3-stage evolution of the Angouran Zn "oxide"-sulfide deposit, Iran H.A. Gilg Fakultät Chemie@unina.it F. Moore Geological Department, University Shiraz, Iran moor@geology.susc.ac.ir Keywords: Angouran, Iran, sulfide, MVT, smithsonite, hypogene, supergene ABSTRACT: The giant Angouran Zn-Pb deposit (Zanjan

  4. Distribution of the right-lateral strikeslip motion from the Main Recent Fault to the Kazerun Fault System (Zagros, Iran): Evidence from present-day GPS velocities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    Fault System (Zagros, Iran): Evidence from present-day GPS velocities F. Tavakoli a,b , A. Walpersdorf a Center, Meraj Ave. Azadi Sq., P.O.Box 13185-1684, Tehran, Iran c CEREGE, CNRS, Université Aix-Marseille-3 Institute for Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, P.O. Box 19395/3913, Tehran, Iran e Institut de

  5. in this issuewe offer commentary on the Iran nuclear negotiations and a Q&A about the New Horizons mission to Pluto (below); the From The Faculty Chair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    in this issuewe offer commentary on the Iran nuclear negotiations and a Q&A about the New Horizons/October 2015 http://web.mit.edu/fnl Massachusetts Institute of Technology continued on page 8 Iran and the P5.S., China, Russia, France,UK,and Germany) and Iran,with respect to non-proliferation of nuclear weapons

  6. Rhetoric, World-view, and Strategy in United States National Security Strategy Documents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cram, Travis J.

    2014-08-31

    .................................................................................................... 102 Conclusion & Implications ..................................................................................................... 107 Chapter 5: An Axis of One: The Problem of Evil in Bush’s Iran Strategy. ............................... 111... Beyond Iraq: Iran as the Representative Anecdote ................................................................. 114 The Axis of Evil...

  7. India-Japan Education Summits in New Delhi and Hyderabad -Student Recruitment and Collaboration with Japanese universities-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goda, Keisuke

    India-Japan Education Summits in New Delhi and Hyderabad - Student Recruitment and Collaboration with Japanese universities- February 2015 The India-Japan Education Summit, bringing together Japanese such as the Embassy of Japan in India, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Japan Student Services Organization

  8. JUSTIPEN: Japan US Theory Institute for Physics with Exotic Nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Papenbrock, Thomas

    2014-05-16

    The grant “JUSTIPEN: Japan US Theory Institute for Physics with Exotic Nuclei ” (DOE DE?FG02?06ER41407) ran from 02/01/2006 thru 12/31/2013. JUSTIPEN is a venue for international collaboration between U.S.?based and Japanese scientists who share an interest in theory of rare isotopes. Since its inception JUSTIPEN has supported many visitors, fostered collaborations between physicists in the U.S. and Japan, and enabled them to deepen our understanding of exotic nuclei and their role in cosmos.

  9. Promoting electricity from renewable energy sources -- lessons learned from the EU, U.S. and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Reinhard

    2008-01-01

    fluctuations. Electricity generation [TWh/year] EU-25 USA4 . Electricity generation [TWh/year] Japan EU-25 USA EU-25USA Japan Wind Waste Solar Biomass Geothermal Figure 2 Historical pattern of electricity

  10. High Speed Rail in Japan: A Review and Evaluation of the Shinkansen Train

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taniguchi, Mamoru

    1992-01-01

    ~High Speed R~l $~r~s High Speed Rail in Japan: A Review andorregulation. High Speed Rail in Japan: A Review andCA94720 CALIFORNIA HIGH SPEED RAIL SERIES Working Paper

  11. Inventing Japan's `robotics culture': The repeated assembly of science, technology, and culture in social robotics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sabanovic, Selma

    1 Inventing Japan's `robotics culture': The repeated assembly of science, technology, and culture in social robotics Selma Sabanovi School of Informatics and Computing, Indiana University analyzes the co- construction of robotics and culture in Japan through the technical discourse

  12. ANNUAL TRILATERAL U.S. - EU - JAPAN CONFERENCE ON CRITICAL MATERIALS...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    TRILATERAL U.S. - EU - JAPAN CONFERENCE ON CRITICAL MATERIALS FOR A CLEAN ENERGY FUTURE, SEPTEMBER 8-9, 2014 ANNUAL TRILATERAL U.S. - EU - JAPAN CONFERENCE ON CRITICAL...

  13. Japan-Economics of Climate Change and Low Carbon Growth Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Japan-Economics of Climate Change and Low Carbon Growth Strategies in Northeast Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Japan-Economics of Climate Change and Low Carbon Growth...

  14. Building Japan: Technology as a problem-space for Veridiction, Jurisdiction, and Subjectivation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herman, Stanley Bruce

    2012-01-01

    politics this then allows for a Japan as ‘the only country to suffer the horrors of nuclearpolitics, yet I had always been amazed that the fact that Japan was one of the most nuclear-

  15. Factsheet: Third Meeting of the U.S.-Japan Bilateral Commission...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Third Meeting of the U.S.-Japan Bilateral Commission on Civil Nuclear Cooperation Factsheet: Third Meeting of the U.S.-Japan Bilateral Commission on Civil Nuclear Cooperation June...

  16. Fact #723: April 16, 2012 Japan's Earthquake and Tsunami Resulted in Major Losses for Japanese Automakers

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The 9.0 magnitude earthquake and subsequent tsunami that struck northern Japan on March 11, 2011 resulted in severe disruptions and losses for Japan's seven major automakers. Automotive News...

  17. Energy Consumption, Efficiency, Conservation, and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Japan's Building Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    f passive solar technology. Passive solar houses that employstove. Passive Solar Currently, not many houses i n Japan

  18. 2010/9/9 17:35-18:25RSA Conference Japan 20101 SECURITY DECODED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sumii, Eijiro

    2010/9/9 17:35-18:25RSA Conference Japan 20101 SECURITY DECODED ID: WH004 #12;2010/9/9 17:35-18:25RSA Conference Japan 20102 ­ ­ #12;2010/9/9 17:35-18:25RSA Conference Japan 20103 PC 17 20054 400 200512 ATM2 20085 15 20096 255 #12;2010/9/9 17:35-18:25RSA Conference Japan 20104

  19. a monthly publication of outreach and international affairs volume 2, issue 12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with the Islamic State had taken surprise aim at the region's capital and more than 1,700 people had been killed IRAQ SYRIA Baghdad Irbil Kirkuk Mosul IRAN TURKEY Iraqi Kurdistan Region #12;common across Iraq, but we group from Iraq's northern Kurdish region traveled to study at Virginia Tech this summer, their home

  20. JAPAN'S TAKUMA BUILDING BEIJING WTE PLANT TOKYO, Nov 11

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    :6013) has won a 4 billion yen ($36 million) order from a public-private partnership in China to build a trash incineration plant in Beijing. Soon to be the largest municipal waste-to-energy facility in China cities with limited space for landfills. Utilizing a mass burn technology successfully applied in Japan

  1. Chile-Japan Joint Workshop for Non-ferrous Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Chile-Japan Joint Workshop for Non-ferrous Mining and Smelting Institute of Industrial Science, e of Industrial Science, e University of Tokyo International Research Center for Sustainable Materials (IRCSM), Institute of Industrial Science, e University of Tokyo Organizing units JX Nippon Mining & Metals

  2. MFR PAPER 1165 Japan's tuna fishery faces a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MFR PAPER 1165 Japan's tuna fishery faces a major depression as catch rates decline, oil prices of the more obvious reasons for the present state are these: I. Tripling of oil prices in the last year. 2 market are not also having their prob- lems at this time. The increased oil prices, having gone from $40

  3. Japan Denies Report It Dropped Proposal to Host Fusion Reactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Mainichi said. Japan, the U.S. and South Korea want the reactor, which would generate ``clean'' energy of the science ministry's office of fusion energy, said in a telephone interview today. ``Our stance is still, the newspaper said. It will receive a fifth of the building contracts and pay a tenth of construction costs

  4. Science AFP Japan ready to pay 895 million

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to be a test-bed for what is being billed as a clean, safe, inexhaustible energy source of the future of the construction costs, the Nihon Keizai said. But Tokyo is now planning to increase the size of its contribution. If Japan is selected to host the reactor, it will cost the country a little over 700 billion yen, including

  5. Why did the solar power sector develop quickly in Japan?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogol, Michael G

    2007-01-01

    The solar power sector grew quickly in Japan during the decade 1994 to 2003. During this period, annual installations increased 32-fold from 7MW in 1994 to 223MW in 2003, and annual production increased 22-fold, from 16MW ...

  6. Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology Nano Materials Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ogawa, Mizuhito

    started in April 2002 as a renewal of the former Center for New Materials originally established as oneJapan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology Nano Materials Technology (Lecture) Course Center for Nano Materials and Technology #12;The Center for Nano Materials and Technology (CNMT) has

  7. JapanU.S. Symposium on International Standardization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Information Technology Laboratory, NIST, "Smart Grid and Cyber Security" - Hirofumi Sakane, Research Center. Takatsuji (AIST, Japan) S1-1 Information Security - Annabelle Lee (via video), Computer Security Division for Information Security, AIST, "FIPS 140-3 Non-Invasive Attack Testing" S1-2 Solid State Lighting - Tatsuya Zama

  8. Nuclear Catastrophe, Disaster-Related Environmental Injustice, and Fukushima, Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shrader-Frechette, Kristin

    Nuclear Catastrophe, Disaster-Related Environmental Injustice, and Fukushima, Japan: Prima the 2011 Japanese Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear disaster (FD) as a preliminary case study-- despite the limits Fukushima-Daiichi (FD) nuclear accident to explain disaster-related environmental injustice (DREI

  9. URBAN LOGISTICS BY RAIL AND WATERWAYS IN FRANCE AND JAPAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 URBAN LOGISTICS BY RAIL AND WATERWAYS IN FRANCE AND JAPAN Main author: Diana Diziain, Greater-Est, France KEYWORDS: rail, waterways, intermodal logistics, urban freight, city logistics ABSTRACT been carried out on intermodal logistic policies at national scales. However, in urban areas, the use

  10. Japan-Brazil Space Sector Workshop August 26 27, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Japan-Brazil Space Sector Workshop August 26 ­ 27, 2010 Sergio Sobral de Oliveira Auditorium (IAI building) INPE's headquarters - Săo José dos Campos, SP, Brazil Satellite Applications on Agricultural;NDVI Desertification process ­ NE Brazil Surface Albedo Surface Temperature #12;Perfil temporal do NDVI

  11. Deep convection and brine rejection in the Japan Sea Lynne D. Talley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talley, Lynne D.

    Deep convection and brine rejection in the Japan Sea Lynne D. Talley Scripps Institution groups. Japan Sea deep convection apparently occurs every winter, but massive renewal of bottom waters. Salyuk, P. Tishchenko, I. Zhabin, and S. Riser, Deep convection and brine rejection in the Japan Sea

  12. Japan-Mexico Rectors' Summit "Building-up innovative relations for a knowledge-based society"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katsumoto, Shingo

    Japan-Mexico Rectors' Summit "Building-up innovative relations for a knowledge-based society" Joint Statement On June 29, 2011, the Japan-Mexico Rectors' Summit was hosted by the University of Tokyo, at which the importance of elevating the strategic partnership between Mexico and Japan to a new stage through

  13. Europe and Japan with the elbow-with-elbow to accomodate engine ITER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Europe and Japan with the elbow-with-elbow to accomodate engine ITER THE WORLD|18.12.03| UPDATED 18 in string and the competition is tight. So much so that the partners of the project (Europe, Japan:06 PMMonde.fr: Europe and Japan with the elbow-with-elbow to accomodate engine ITER Page 1 of 3http://216

  14. Europe and Japan in heated clash over fusion reactor Robin McKie and Angela Saini

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Europe and Japan in heated clash over fusion reactor Robin McKie and Angela Saini Sunday December consume. Europe and Japan have each raised their stakes to 50 per cent - on condition they become the host | Europe and Japan in heated clash over fusion reactor Page 1 of 1http://www.guardian.co.uk/print/0

  15. Paleoearthquakes of the past 30,000 years along the North Tehran Fault (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Nazari,1,2 S. Balescu,3 M. Lamothe,4 R. Salamati,5 A. Ghassemi,5 A. Shafei,5 M. Ghorashi,2 and A. Saidi2. Ghorashi, and A. Saidi (2012), Paleoearthquakes of the past 30,000 years along the North Tehran Fault (Iran

  16. Iran-United States Claims Tribunal Precedent in Investor-State Arbitration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, Christopher S.; Drahozal, Christopher R.

    2006-01-01

    decisional law); and (iv) the merits or instructive value of the prior tribunal's reasoning in reaching its decision - hence, its exposition of the law. Applying these factors to the jurisprudence of the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal demonstrates the importance...

  17. Mineralogical Characteristics of Specimens of a Meteorwrong Fall from NW Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pourkhorsandi, Hamed

    2014-01-01

    In the early hours of October 22, 2011, people of a small town in NW Iran, called Khameneh (38{\\deg}11'47" N, 45{\\deg}38'14" E) noticed sounds of some colliding objects to home roofs and yard floors. Mineralogical investigations revealed the terrestrial and man-made origin of these stony samples.

  18. Late Cenozoic partitioning of oblique plate convergence in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Late Cenozoic partitioning of oblique plate convergence in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt (Iran 2 May 2006. [1] The NW trending Zagros fold-and-thrust belt is affected by two major dextral faults operating at the rear of the belt has become partitioned along the newly formed Main Recent Fault

  19. www.xinhuanet.com XINHUA online

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for rebuilding Iraq. In their meeting at the premier's office, the two also agreed that Japan and France should. On Iraq, the two stressed the importance of international efforts and of United Nations involvement

  20. Landmarks of the Persian Renaissance : monumental funerary architecture in Iran and Central Asia in the tenth and eleventh centuries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michailidis, Melanie

    2007-01-01

    This dissertation investigates the sudden proliferation of mausolea in Iran and Central Asia in the tenth and eleventh centuries and how their patrons, who were secular rulers of Iranian descent, drew on the pre-Islamic ...

  1. Cultivat(ing) modernities : the Society for National Heritage, political propaganda and public architecture in twentieth-century Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigor, Talinn, 1972-

    2005-01-01

    Beginning in 1922, under the auspices of the Pahlavi dynasty of Iran, the tombs of selected historical figures were systematically destroyed to make way for modern mausoleums erected as metaphors for an "Aryan" nation in ...

  2. Evidence-based spatial intervention for regeneration of deteriorating urban areas, a case of study from Tehran, Iran 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rismanchian, Omid

    2012-06-27

    Throughout the urban development process over the last seven decades in Tehran, the capital city of Iran, many self-generated neighbourhoods have developed in which the majority of the residents are low-income families. ...

  3. A new species of Chiasmognathus from Iran, with a note on Chiasmognathus aegyptiacus in Israel (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Michael S.

    2008-01-01

    A new species of the rare cleptoparasitic bee genus Chiasmognathus ENGEL (Ammobatini) is described and figured from a female collected in northwestern Iran. Chiasmognathus rhag ae sp. n. is generally similar to C. orientanus (WARNCKE) (Bulgaria...

  4. The divine hand of the state? : how religion has influenced social policies for the poor in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manouchehrifar, Babak

    2015-01-01

    As a paramount concern in development planning, poverty alleviation encompasses a variety of agents and actions, depending on the larger context of organizations and political economy within which it is embedded. Iran has ...

  5. ‘I am the brave hero and this land is mine’: popular music and youth identity in post-revolutionary Iran 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steward, Theresa Parvin

    2013-10-02

    Over the past decade, popular music in Iran has steadily gained recognition beyond its borders. The Western media has increasingly provided an idealised and romanticised view of music-making in the Iranian underground. ...

  6. Iran and the Boomeranging Cartoon Wars: Can Public Spheres At Risk Ally With Public Spheres Yet to be Achieved?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Michael M. J.

    Twelve cartoons, published in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten in September 2005, nine cartoons published in the Tehran newspaperIran in May 2006, and two hundred eighty-two cartoons curated in Tehran in September 2006 ...

  7. Optimization and life-cycle cost of health clinic PV system for a rural area in southern Iraq using HOMER software

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Karaghouli, Ali; Kazmerski, L.L. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 1617 Cole Blvd., Golden, CO 80401 (United States)

    2010-04-15

    This paper addresses the need for electricity of rural areas in southern Iraq and proposes a photovoltaic (PV) solar system to power a health clinic in that region. The total daily health clinic load is 31.6 kW h and detailed loads are listed. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) optimization computer model for distributed power, ''HOMER,'' is used to estimate the system size and its life-cycle cost. The analysis shows that the optimal system's initial cost, net present cost, and electricity cost is US$ 50,700, US$ 60,375, and US$ 0.238/kW h, respectively. These values for the PV system are compared with those of a generator alone used to supply the load. We found that the initial cost, net present cost of the generator system, and electricity cost are US$ 4500, US$ 352,303, and US$ 1.332/kW h, respectively. We conclude that using the PV system is justified on humanitarian, technical, and economic grounds. (author)

  8. Safety Culture And Best Practices At Japan's Fusion Research Facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rule, K. [Princeton Plasma Physics Lab., Princeton, NJ (United States); King, M. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); Takase, Y. [Univ. of Tokyo (Japan); Oshima, Y. [Univ. of Tokyo (Japan); Nishimura, K. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki (Japan); Sukegawa, A. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Naka (Japan)

    2014-04-01

    The Safety Monitor Joint Working Group (JWG) is one of the magnetic fusion research collaborations between the US Department of Energy and the government of Japan. Visits by occupational safety personnel are made to participating institutions on a biennial basis. In the 2013 JWG visit of US representatives to Japan, the JWG members noted a number of good safety practices in the safety walkthroughs. These good practices and safety culture topics are discussed in this paper. The JWG hopes that these practices for worker safety can be adopted at other facilities. It is a well-known, but unquantified, safety principle that well run, safe facilities are more productive and efficient than other facilities (Rule, 2009). Worker safety, worker productivity, and high quality in facility operation all complement each other (Mottel, 1995).

  9. Safety Culture and Best Practices at Japan's Fusion Research Facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rule, Keith

    2014-05-01

    The Safety Monitor Joint Working Group (JWG) is one of the magnetic fusion research collaborations between the US Department of Energy and the government of Japan. Visits by occupational safety personnel are made to participating institutions on a biennial basis. In the 2013 JWG visit of US representatives to Japan, the JWG members noted a number of good safety practices in the safety walkthroughs. These good practices and safety culture topics are discussed in this paper. The JWG hopes that these practices for worker safety can be adopted at other facilities. It is a well-known, but unquantified, safety principle that well run, safe facilities are more productive and efficient than other facilities (Rule, 2009). Worker safety, worker productivity, and high quality in facility operation all complement each other (Mottel, 1995).

  10. The 1942 Japanese General Election: Political Mobilization in Wartime Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drea, Edward J.

    1979-01-01

    constitutional politics. Four post war Japanese prime ministers won election in 1942 and candidates active in 1942 still remain in the Diet today. Although the Occupation authorities purged all recommended candidates from official life, those same candidates... As political party influence in Japan declined in the 1930's, the Home Ministry looked for alternate methods to maintain and to extend its influence locally. Its bureaucrats led the Campaign for the 2 Economic Rehabilitation of Farming Villages (Noson...

  11. Metallography and microstructure interpretation of some archaeological tin bronze vessels from Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oudbashi, Omid; Davami, Parviz

    2014-11-15

    Archaeological excavations in western Iran have recently revealed a significant Luristan Bronzes collection from Sangtarashan archaeological site. The site and its bronze collection are dated to Iron Age II/III of western Iran (10th–7th century BC) according to archaeological research. Alloy composition, microstructure and manufacturing technique of some sheet metal vessels are determined to reveal metallurgical processes in western Iran in the first millennium BC. Experimental analyses were carried out using Scanning Electron Microscopy–Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy and Optical Microscopy/Metallography methods. The results allowed reconstructing the manufacturing process of bronze vessels in Luristan. It proved that the samples have been manufactured with a binary copper–tin alloy with a variable tin content that may relates to the application of an uncontrolled procedure to make bronze alloy (e.g. co-smelting or cementation). The presence of elongated copper sulphide inclusions showed probable use of copper sulphide ores for metal production and smelting. Based on metallographic studies, a cycle of cold working and annealing was used to shape the bronze vessels. - Highlights: • Sangtarashan vessels are made by variable Cu-Sn alloys with some impurities. • Various compositions occurred due to applying uncontrolled smelting methods. • The microstructure represents thermo-mechanical process to shape bronze vessels. • In one case, the annealing didn’t remove the eutectoid remaining from casting. • The characteristics of the bronzes are similar to other Iron Age Luristan Bronzes.

  12. Review: Bad Water, Nature, Pollution and Politics in Japan, 1870-1950

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Ryder W.

    2015-01-01

    Review: Bad Water, Nature, Pollution and Politics in Japan,USA Stolz, Robert. Bad Water, Nature, Pollution and Politicsalso available in hardback. Bad Water from Robert Stolz,

  13. Sophia Ananiadou (University of Salford, UK) Jun'ichi Tsujii (University of Tokyo, Japan)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (University of Tokyo, Japan) Alfonso Valencia (Centro Nacional de Biotecnologia, Spain) Limsoon Wong REVIEWERS: Christian Blaschke (Centro Nacional de Biotecnologia, Spain) Asako Koike (University of Tokyo

  14. Japan's Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Market: An Analysis of Residential System Prices (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James, T.

    2014-03-01

    This presentation summarizes market and policy factors influencing residential solar photovoltaic system prices in Japan, and compares these factors to related developments in the United States.

  15. Renewable Energy Opportunities at the Kanto Installations, Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solana, Amy E.; Horner, Jacob A.; Russo, Bryan J.; Gorrissen, Willy J.; Kora, Angela R.; Weimar, Mark R.; Hand, James R.; Orrell, Alice C.; Williamson, Jennifer L.

    2010-09-24

    This document provides an overview of renewable resource development potential at the U.S. Army installations in the Kanto region in Japan, which includes Camp Zama, Yokohama North Dock, Sagamihara Family Housing Area (SFHA), Sagami General Depot, and Akasaka Press Center. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and also on ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling buildings. The effort was funded by the Huntsville Army Corps of Engineers, and includes the development of a methodology for renewable resource assessment at Army installations located on foreign soil. The methodology is documented in Renewable Energy Assessment Methodology for Japanese OCONUS Army Installations. The site visit to the Kanto installations took place on April 5 and 6, 2010. At the current time, there are some renewable technologies that show economic potential. Because of siting restrictions and the small size of these installations, development of most renewable energy technologies will likely be limited to Camp Zama. Project feasibility is based on installation-specific resource availability and energy costs and projections based on accepted life-cycle cost methods. Development of any renewable energy project will be challenging, as it will require investigation into existing contractual obligations, new contracts that could be developed, the legality of certain partnerships, and available financing avenues, which involves the U.S. Forces Japan (USFJ), the Government of Japan (GOJ), and a number of other parties on both sides. The Army will not be able to implement a project without involvement and approval from the other services and multiple levels of Japanese government. However, implementation of renewable energy projects could be an attractive method for GOJ to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and lower annual utility payments to USFJ. This report recommends projects to pursue and offers approaches to use. The most promising opportunities include waste-to-energy and ground source heat pumps. Solar photovoltaics (PV) may also prove successful. Other resources were found to be insufficient on the Kanto installations.

  16. Private Sector Initiative Between the U.S. and Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-09-30

    OAK-A258 Private Sector Initiative Between the U.S. and Japan. This report for calendar years 1993 through September 1998 describes efforts performed under the Private Sector Initiatives contract. The report also describes those efforts that have continued with private funding after being initiated under this contract. The development of a pyrochemical process, called TRUMP-S, for partitioning actinides from PUREX waste, is described in this report. This effort is funded by the Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI), KHI, the United States Department of Energy, and Boeing.

  17. Datang Sino Japan Chifeng Renewable Power Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to: navigation, searchDaimler Evonik JVDaofuJapan Chifeng

  18. Product Standards for Microwaves (Japan) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly SmartDB-2, BluePoulsenBioSolutions JumpProblemsMicrowaves (Japan)

  19. Midterm Summary of Japan-US Fusion Cooperation Program TITAN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muroga, Takeo; Sze, Dai-Kai; Sokolov, Mikhail; Katoh, Yutai; Stoller, Roger E

    2011-01-01

    Japan-US cooperation program TITAN (Tritium, Irradiation and Thermofluid for America and Nippon) started in April 2007 as 6-year project. This is the summary report at the midterm of the project. Historical overview of the Japan-US cooperation programs and direction of the TITAN project in its second half are presented in addition to the technical highlights. Blankets are component systems whose principal functions are extraction of heat and tritium. Thus it is crucial to clarify the potentiality for controlling heat and tritium flow throughout the first wall, blanket and out-of-vessel recovery systems. The TITAN project continues the JUPITER-II activity but extends its scope including the first wall and the recovery systems with the title of 'Tritium and thermofluid control for magnetic and inertial confinement systems'. The objective of the program is to clarify the mechanisms of tritium and heat transfer throughout the first-wall, the blanket and the heat/tritium recovery systems under specific conditions to fusion such as irradiation, high heat flux, circulation and high magnetic fields. Based on integrated models, the breeding, transfer, inventory of tritium and heat extraction properties will be evaluated for some representative liquid breeder blankets and the necessary database will be obtained for focused research in the future.

  20. Alerting Humanitarians to Emergencies MOSCOW, Jan 15 (Reuters) -Russia on Thursday declined Japanese pleas to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as a bid to punish it for opposing the U.S.-led war in Iraq -- back Japan's fishing village of Rokkasho

  1. Creating the wholesale market for electricity in Japan : what should Japan learn from major markets in the United States and Europe?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hori, Takahide

    2001-01-01

    The movement of deregulation in Japan's electric power industry started in 1995 with the revision of the Electric Utility Industry Law. During these past over five years, levels of various discussions have been made in ...

  2. Japan, France Vying for Korea's Nuclear Project By Cho Jin-seo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Japan, France Vying for Korea's Nuclear Project By Cho Jin-seo Staff Reporter France and Japan. Haignere promised privileges in fusion energy businesses and supports for Korea's own fusion energy December but didn't express its official stand so far. Fusion is a relatively safe, clean and sustainable

  3. Snow-Cover Condition in Japan and Damage of the Sugi (Cryptomeria Japonica D. Don)'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snow-Cover Condition in Japan and Damage of the Sugi (Cryptomeria Japonica D. Don)' HideakiTaira2 of Honshu (the main island), along the Japan Sea has heavy snow in winter. In some places, snow piles up more than four meters and the ground is coverd with snow about one hundred and forty days a year

  4. Home National Sports Business World Features Columns Editorial Japan has key role in ITER project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    would house a mass of precision machines used to control the colossal amount of energy it would generateHome National Sports Business World Features Columns Editorial Top Japan has key role in ITER reactor has been settled after a contest lasting several years between Japan and the European Union

  5. Veranstaltung der Forschungsstelle Japan der Universitt Osnabrck Vortrag: Tschernobyl-Deutschland-Fukushima

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kallenrode, May-Britt

    Veranstaltung der Forschungsstelle Japan der Universität Osnabrück Vortrag: Tschernobyl-Deutschland-Fukushima) zum Thema ,,Tschernobyl- Deutschland-Fukushima". Dr. Pflugbeil, der im März dieses Jahres Japan Fukushima machen. In seinem Vortrag wird er versuchen, aus den Erfahrungen, die nach dem Atomunfall von

  6. 28th ICRC, Tsukuba, Japan Jul. 31 Aug. 7, 2003 An Experiment to Study UHECR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -source. Stereo air fluorescence method is the answer #12;28th ICRC, Tsukuba, Japan Jul. 31 ­ Aug. 7, 2003 Why Stereo Air Fluorescence? · Technique ­ Extensive air showers induce atmospheric fluorescence light ICRC, Tsukuba, Japan Jul. 31 ­ Aug. 7, 2003 Air Fluorescence Infrastructure · The air fluorescence

  7. Stress magnitude and its temporal variation at Mt. Asama Volcano, Japan, from seismic anisotropy and GPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Stress magnitude and its temporal variation at Mt. Asama Volcano, Japan, from seismic anisotropy stress Japan The Earth's stress regime is fundamental to its physical processes, yet few methods can determine absolute stress, and measurements of temporal variations in stress are controversial. The Global

  8. -News Home Help EU offers 'sweetener' to Japan to let France host nuclear project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -News Home Help EU offers 'sweetener' to Japan to let France host nuclear project Wed Nov 10, 9:45 AM ET BRUSSELS (AFP) - The European Union ( - ) has offered Japan a "sweetener" to allow France think we have made reasonable offers," European Commission ( - ) spokesman Fabio Fabbi told reporters

  9. EU Gives Japan Until End-June to Accept Nuclear-Project Offer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Print EU Gives Japan Until End-June to Accept Nuclear- Project Offer March 7 (Bloomberg) -- The European Union gave Japan until the end of June to accept an offer of a ``privileged partnership'' in a 4 must begin this year. The EU made the partnership offer in November to break a deadlock in which China

  10. Assessing the fuel Use and greenhouse gas emissions of future light-duty vehicles in Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nishimura, Eriko

    2011-01-01

    Reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is of great concern in Japan, as well as elsewhere, such as in the U.S. and EU. More than 20% of GHG emissions in Japan come from the transportation sector, and a more than 70% ...

  11. JET Papers presented to the 17th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (Yokohama, Japan, 19th – 24th October 1998)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JET Papers presented to the 17th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (Yokohama, Japan, 19th – 24th October 1998)

  12. Three-dimensional crustal S wave velocity structure in Japan using microseismic data recorded by Hi-net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kawakatsu, Hitoshi

    Three-dimensional crustal S wave velocity structure in Japan using microseismic data recorded by Hi seismic noise. We applied this method to the recording of Hi-net tiltmeters in Japan at 679 stations from), Three-dimensional crustal S wave velocity structure in Japan using microseismic data recorded by Hi

  13. Stirling engine research at national and university laboratories in Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hane, G.J.; Hutchinson, R.A.

    1987-09-01

    Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) reviewed research projects that are related to the development of Stirling engines and that are under way at Japanese national laboratories and universities. The research and development focused on component rather than on whole engine development. PNL obtained the information from a literature review and interviews conducted at the laboratories and universities. The universities have less equipment available and operate with smaller staffs for research than do the laboratories. In particular, the Mechanical Engineering Laboratory and the Aerospace Laboratory conduct high-quality component and fundamental work. Despite having less equipment, some of the researchers at the universities conduct high-quality fundamental research. As is typical in Japan, several of the university professors are very active in consulting and advisory capacities to companies engaged in Stirling engine development, and also with government and association advisory and technical committees. Contacts with these professors and selective examination of their research are good ways to keep abreast of Japanese Stirling developments.

  14. Bâzgasht-i Adabî (Literary Return) and Persianate Literary Culture in Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Iran, India, and Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Kevin

    2014-01-01

    Bunyâd-i Farhang-i Iran, 1348/1970. Habîb, Asadullah. “shi‘r-i Farsî dar Hind. ” Îrân Namah 8.2 (Spring 1369/1990):Farhangistân-i Hunar-i Jumhűrî-i Irân, 1387/2008-9. Qavîm, ‘

  15. Religion and Politics in Japan: The Case of the S?ka Gakkai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moos, Felix

    1963-01-01

    your stories about how Open Access to this article benefits you. This is the published version of the article, made available with the permission of the publisher. Moos, Felix. 1963. Religions and Politics in Japan: The Case of Soka Gakkai. Asian... Survey, Vol. 3, pp.136-142. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml by Felix Moos RELIGION AND POLITICS IN JAPAN: THE CASE OF THE SOKA GAKKAI* FELIX MOOS Japan has never known the domination of any single religio...

  16. Having difficulty with Chinese? - the rise of the vernacular book in Japan, Korea and Vietnam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kornicki, Peter

    2009-04-14

    of the eighth century, therefore, I am talking of the kingdom of Silla which occupied the Korean peninsula, of Parhae to the north of it, and of China, Japan and Annam, which occupied the northern part of what is now Vietnam; if we leap ahead... to the nineteenth century then I am talking of China itself, of unified Korea, of Japan, of the Ry?ky? kingdom (which is now called Okinawa and is part of Japan), of a much enlarged Vietnam, and of Manchuria, the north- eastern part of China. For the sake...

  17. DOE Robotic and Remote Systems Assistance to the Government of Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Derek Wadsworth; Victor Walker

    2013-02-01

    At the request of the Government of Japan, DOE did a complex wide survey of available remotely operated and robotic systems to assist in the initial assessment of the damage to the Fukushima Daiichi reactors following an earthquake and subsequent tsunami. As a result several radiation hardened cameras and a Talon robot were identified as systems that could immediately assist in the effort and were subsequently sent to Japan. These systems were transferred to the Government of Japan and used to map radiation levels surrounding the damaged facilities. This report describes the equipment, its use, data collected, and lessons learned from the experience.

  18. Proceeding of International Conference on Application of Concurrency to System Design, p. 34-40, Fukushima, Japan, March 1998 Hierarchical Concurrent Finite State Machines in Ptolemy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -40, Fukushima, Japan, March 1998 Hierarchical Concurrent Finite State Machines in Ptolemy Bilung Lee and Edward

  19. A lean enterprise approach for developing high speed rail in Japan and Portugal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iwamura, Nobuhiro

    2007-01-01

    This thesis explores and evaluates the application of the lean enterprise concept to the expansion and development of the high speed railway industry in Japan. The basic idea of the lean enterprise is increasing value-added ...

  20. Structural and organizational changes of the housebuilding industry in the United States and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minami, Kazunobu

    1986-01-01

    This study has three parts. The first chapter investigates the construction sectors in the United States and Japan using the analytical framework of interindustry analysis. Six U.S. and five Japanese input-output tables ...

  1. Cooperation over conflict : the women's movement and the state in contemporary Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murase, Miriam Y. (Miriam Yuko), 1967-

    2003-01-01

    Progress on women's equality in Japan is found to be constrained by state intervention in the women's movement. This intervention takes the form of regulations that limit the independence of women's group, as well as ...

  2. Fact Sheet: The Fourth Meeting of the U.S.-Japan Bilateral Commission...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    and Japan confirmed the expansion of their collaboration in the area of high temperature reactor R&D on such topics as the nuclear heat-driven gas turbine system. Areas of...

  3. Innovation performance, policy, and infrastructure : a comparison of Japan and the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oshi, Tomoko

    2012-01-01

    With flagship corporations in Japan struggling to complete a highly globalized market against increased competition from the US and Asia, the Japanese government has been striving to increase the competitiveness and improve ...

  4. States of the nations : nationalism, narratives and normative change in Postwar Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, James Patrick, 1971-

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation evaluates claims that nationalism is rising in post-Cold War Japan by first noting the disconnect between existent social science conceptions of nationalism and those needed to examine how nationalism ...

  5. A Case Study of Retro Commissioning in a Standard Commercial Office Building in Japan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamitani, K.; Shimazu, M.; Inomata, N.

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes retro commissioning of a standard commercial office building in Japan. The owner's expectations for retro commissioning are realization of energy and cost savings, and controlling the increase in electric power demand, while...

  6. Bonsai imperium : plant capitalism in the U.S. and Japan, 1853-1924

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Sarah R

    2012-01-01

    This thesis traces the formation of the international market for Japanese bonsai during the late 19th and early 20th centuries against the emergence of the United States and Japan as industrial, imperial nations and argues ...

  7. Energy Consumption, Efficiency, Conservation, and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Japan's Building Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    w i t h global warming, Japan's energy consumption for spaceGlobal-warming Impactfrom Daily-life Activities and Home Energy Consumptionenergy consumption, the technologies for the prevention o f global

  8. The portfolio of generation facilities in Japan's electric power sector, past and future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nishimura, Naoto

    1999-01-01

    Japan consumes a considerable amount of the world's energy, and it occupies an even more important position in the markets for internationally traded energy. Because sufficient domestic fossil-fuel reserves are not ...

  9. Risk management and governance for PFI Project : technology policy lessons from the case of Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matsumoto, Takuji, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01

    Japan has a long history of Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs); however, it has experienced many failures but learned various lessons from them. The representative example is a management failure of the third sector, which ...

  10. Japan and Taiwan in the wake of bio-globalization : drugs, race and standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuo, Wen-Hua

    2005-01-01

    This is a study of Japan and Taiwan's different responses to the expansion of the global drug industry. The thesis focuses on the problematic of "voicing," of how a state can make its interests heard in the International ...

  11. Localizing public dispute resolution in Japan : lessons from experiments with deliberative policy-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matsuura, Masahiro, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Can consensus building processes, as practiced in the US, be used to resolve infrastructure disputes in Japan? Since the 1990s, proposals to construct highways, dams, ports and airports, railways, as well as to redevelop ...

  12. Tohoku Topo-Urbanism : oblique community form in post-Tsunami Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bunza, Matthew (Matthew Peter)

    2013-01-01

    Tohoku Topo-Urbanism explores the potential inhabitation of the oblique as an alternative model of community form and resilient reconstruction in Post-Tsunami Japan. In its wake, the 2011 Tsunami left a redefined landscape ...

  13. Ancestral land, inheritance, and the revitalization or rural Japan: the case of Ogata Village 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Donald C

    1999-01-01

    Three themes are especially significant in rural Japan today. The first two are the traditional strong sense of ancestral land ties shared by Japanese farmers and the shortage of heirs problem (atotsugi mondai), which they face. The third...

  14. The Five Great Space Repository Bodhisattvas: Lineage, Protection and Celestial Authority in Ninth-Century Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Hillary

    2010-12-31

    This dissertation explores the protective role of the Five Great Space Repository Bodhisattva (Godai Kokuzo Bosastu) sculptural pentads in Japan during the mid-ninth-century. While existing art historical scholarship ...

  15. Religion and Politics in Japan: The Case of the S?ka Gakkai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moos, Felix

    1963-03-01

    Extract from ASIAN SURVEY March, 190.5 Religion and Politics in Japan: The Case of the Soka Gakkai By Felix Moos East Asian Scries, Reprint No. (> INTERNATIONAL STUDIES CENTER FOR EAST ASIAN STUOIES THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS Lawrence... in the Philip pines, by Edgar Wickberg. 4. Some Aspects of Korean Acculturation and Value Orientation Since 1950, by Felix Moos. 5. The Philippine Political Party System, by Carl H. Lande. 6. Religion and Politics in Japan: The Case of the Soka Gakkai...

  16. An econometric approach to understanding the international tourism flows from Japan to Taiwan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Chun-Ling

    1993-01-01

    that affect visitation still require further research. Recently, Japan has been identified to be the largest market for exporting tourism by many countries. From 1964, the Japanese government began simplifying the procedures of application for its citizens.... Accordingly, the Taiwanese have the advantages to develop international tourism between Japan and Taiwan. Thus, more research should be conducted in order to be more understand to the factors that influence Japanese travel decisions to Taiwan, and how...

  17. Direct health effects of global warming in Japan and China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ando, M.; Yamamoto, S.; Tamura, K.

    1997-12-31

    Combustion of fossil fuels and industrial and agricultural activities are resulting in greater emissions of some greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane into the atmosphere, therefore contributing to global warming. Using general circulation models, it is estimated that surface temperatures in temperate regions will rise 1 to 3 degrees C during the next 100 years. Because global warming may increase the frequency and length of high temperatures during hot summer months, various health risks caused by heat stress have been studied. According to our epidemiological survey, the incidence of heat-related illness was significantly correlated to hot environments in Tokyo, Japan and in Nanjing and Wuhan, China. The epidemiological results also showed that the incidence of heat-related morbidity and mortality in the elderly increased very rapidly in summer. The regression analysis on these data showed that the number of heat stroke patients increased exponentially when the mean daily temperature and maximum daily temperature exceeded 27C and 32C in Tokyo and 31C and 36C in Wuhan and Nanjing, respectively. Since the incidence of heat-related morbidity and mortality has been shown to increase as a result of exposure to long periods of hot summer temperatures, it is important to determine to what extent the incidence of heat stress-related morbidity and mortality will be affected as a result of global warming.

  18. Basic Solar Energy Research in Japan (2011 EFRC Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Domen, Kazunari (University of Tokyo)

    2012-03-14

    Kazunari Domen, Chemical System Engineering Professor at the University of Tokyo, was the second speaker in the May 26, 2011 EFRC Forum session, "Global Perspectives on Frontiers in Energy Research." In his presentation, Professor Domen talked about basic solar energy research in Japan. The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss "Science for our Nation's Energy Future." In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several ?grand challenges? and use-inspired ?basic research needs? recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate research that transforms the future of energy and the environment.

  19. Development of a Probabilistic Tsunami Hazard Analysis in Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toshiaki Sakai; Tomoyoshi Takeda; Hiroshi Soraoka; Ken Yanagisawa [Tokyo Electric Power Company (Japan); Tadashi Annaka [Tokyo Electric Power Services Co., Ltd, 3-3, Higashiueno 3-Chome, Taito-ku, Tokyo 110-0015 (Japan)

    2006-07-01

    It is meaningful for tsunami assessment to evaluate phenomena beyond the design basis as well as seismic design. Because once we set the design basis tsunami height, we still have possibilities tsunami height may exceeds the determined design tsunami height due to uncertainties regarding the tsunami phenomena. Probabilistic tsunami risk assessment consists of estimating for tsunami hazard and fragility of structures and executing system analysis. In this report, we apply a method for probabilistic tsunami hazard analysis (PTHA). We introduce a logic tree approach to estimate tsunami hazard curves (relationships between tsunami height and probability of excess) and present an example for Japan. Examples of tsunami hazard curves are illustrated, and uncertainty in the tsunami hazard is displayed by 5-, 16-, 50-, 84- and 95-percentile and mean hazard curves. The result of PTHA will be used for quantitative assessment of the tsunami risk for important facilities located on coastal area. Tsunami hazard curves are the reasonable input data for structures and system analysis. However the evaluation method for estimating fragility of structures and the procedure of system analysis is now being developed. (authors)

  20. Study on radon and radium concentrations in drinking water in west region of Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forozani, Ghasem

    2011-01-01

    One of the most important characterizations of social health is existence the availability of safe drinking water. Since one of the sources of water contamination is nuclear contamination from radon gas, so in this research radon 222 concentration levels in water supplies in the Toyserkan (a region located in the west of Iran) is investigated. For measuring radon gas in water wells and springs Lucas chamber method is used. Review the results of these measurements that taken from 15th place show that, only five sites have radon concentrations above the limit dose. To reduce radon concentration, it is better to keep water in open pools in contact with air before the water is delivered to users.

  1. EVALUATION OF ZERO-POWER, ELEVATED-TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS AT JAPAN’S HIGH TEMPERATURE ENGINEERING TEST REACTOR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John D. Bess; Nozomu Fujimoto; James W. Sterbentz; Luka Snoj; Atsushi Zukeran

    2011-03-01

    The High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is a 30 MWth, graphite-moderated, helium-cooled reactor that was constructed with the objectives to establish and upgrade the technological basis for advanced high-temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGRs) as well as to conduct various irradiation tests for innovative high-temperature research. The core size of the HTTR represents about one-half of that of future HTGRs, and the high excess reactivity of the HTTR, necessary for compensation of temperature, xenon, and burnup effects during power operations, is similar to that of future HTGRs. During the start-up core physics tests of the HTTR, various annular cores were formed to provide experimental data for verification of design codes for future HTGRs. The experimental benchmark performed and currently evaluated in this report pertains to the data available for two zero-power, warm-critical measurements with the fully-loaded HTTR core. Six isothermal temperature coefficients for the fully-loaded core from approximately 340 to 740 K have also been evaluated. These experiments were performed as part of the power-up tests (References 1 and 2). Evaluation of the start-up core physics tests specific to the fully-loaded core (HTTR-GCR-RESR-001) and annular start-up core loadings (HTTR-GCR-RESR-002) have been previously evaluated.

  2. EU, Japan call for dialogue amid row on breakthrough nuclear project The European Union and Japan each called Wednesday for dialogue among the six partners on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    fusion in the hope of generating inexhaustible supplies of electricity. The site to be built in Cadarache, France or Rokkasho-mura, Japan is not expected to generate energy before 2050. The European Union has actionable. Radiochemistry Classes High quality training- Fundamentals, Nuclear, Actinide Chem & more

  3. Reuse of secondhand TVs exported from Japan to the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoshida, Aya; Terazono, Atsushi

    2010-06-15

    The trade of secondhand electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) from developed to developing countries has become a growing environmental issue owing to concerns about improper recycling of these goods in developing countries. We followed a 12-m cargo container of cathode-ray-tube color TVs exported from Japan to the Philippines in February 2008. We surveyed the number of TVs damaged in transport, as well as the number of malfunctioning TVs from this shipment. In addition, we present the results of interviews with 113 Filipino consumers who intended to buy secondhand EEE at nine secondhand shops in Metro Manila. Approximately 3% of the imported TVs were damaged upon arrival. The importer sold some of the units directly to local dealers, and kept the rest to repair, refurbish and resell. Approximately 40% of the imported TVs malfunctioned and needed repair in addition to basic reconditioning. Most interviewees indicated that they prefer to buy secondhand EEE because the prices are lower than those of brand-new products. Consumers indicated that they planned on using the product for an average of about 5 years, but the actual period of use may be lower. Most end-of-life EEE in the Philippines is dismantled and recycled by unregulated companies and untrained individuals in markets or near landfill sites, and it is clear that a proper collection system and treatment methods are needed for e-waste. In addition to the material flow of secondhand TVs, we also discuss several economic aspects and appropriate control measures of the international reuse of secondhand TVs.

  4. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    per day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq KuwaitEIA Table 1.2, “OPEC Crude Oil Production (Excluding Lease2008, from EIA, “Crude Oil Production. ” Figure 16. U.S.

  5. An Update on Avian Flu The virus continues to spread in wild birds and poultry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Myanmar, India, Afghanistan, India, Iraq, Iran, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey, Greece, Romania, Bulgaria-scale and statistically significant efficacy studies of anti-viral drugs like Tamiflu and Relenza against the H5N1 avian

  6. For a "Little Scrap of Paper" 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-03-05

    fitting structure are being investigated. The model developed will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi to name a few and will ultimately be set up the same way that OPEC was....

  7. Clean Energy Producing and Exporting Countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atighetchi, K.

    2007-01-01

    fitting structure are being investigated. The model developed will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi to name a few and will ultimately be set up the same way that OPEC was....

  8. Florida Atlantic University Division of Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    -rays or lasers? Yes No Does the proposal include boating and diving? Yes No Does the proposal include hazardous, Cuba, Cyprus, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Libya, N. Korea, Rwanda, Somalia

  9. Simple Laser Accelerator - Optics and Particle Dynamics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scully, Marlan O.; Zubairy, M. Suhail.

    1991-01-01

    fitting structure are being investigated. The model developed will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi to name a few and will ultimately be set up the same way that OPEC was....

  10. "International Society of Muslim Women in Science (ISMWS)" Members of ISMWS: 177

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    . England, 10. Iran, 11. Iraq, 12. Jordan, 13. Kenya, 14. Kuwait, 15. Lebanon, 16. Malaysia, 17. Morocco, 18, Physics, Egypt 55. Dr Lobna Saleh, Physics, Egypt, 56. Dr Lotfia El Nadi, Nuclear Physics and Laser

  11. Measuring the Costs of U.S. Oil Dependence and the Benefits of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    exporters operating as OPEC." Prof. M. Adelman, MIT, 2004. Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia UAE Venezuela 0 20 40 60 80 100 120...

  12. U.S. Strategic Options towards Iran: Understanding the U.S.–Iranian Relations through Iranian Domestic Politics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abernathy, Jacob; Blanco, David; Kingsley, Marlee; Kramer, Michael; Lopacka, Karolina; Mauel, Heather; Peacock, Mike; Stotts, Katherine; Varela, Marques; Young, Krysten

    2014-01-01

    Abernathy, David Blanco, Marlee Kingsley, Michael Kramer, Karolina ?opacka, Heather Mauel, Michael Peacock, Katherine Stotts, Marques Varela, and Krysten Young Advisor: Dr. Mohammad A. Tabaar U.S. STRATEGIC OPTIONS TOWARDS IRAN: UNDERSTANDING U....S. – IRANIAN RELATIONS THROUGH IRANIAN DOMESTIC POLITICS April 25, 2014 The George H.W. Bush School of Government and Public Service Texas A&M University Jacob Abernathy, David Blanco, Marlee Kingsley, Michael Kramer, Karolina Lopacka...

  13. Japan's Long-term Energy Demand and Supply Scenario to 2050 - Estimation for the Potential of Massive CO2 Mitigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Komiyama, Ryoichi

    2010-01-01

    Utilizing unconventional oil resources (cxlra-lieavy oil.oil. In this respect, Japan will have to improve the nuclear energy resources

  14. Examination of Risk Analysis Methods for MOX Land Transport in Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HOHNSTREITER, GLENN FREDRICK; PIERCE, JIM D.

    2003-04-01

    This report presents background information and methodology for a risk assessment of mixed oxide (MOX) reactor fuel transport in the nation of Japan to support their nuclear energy program. This work includes an extensive literature review, a review of other MOX activities worldwide, a survey of the statutory requirements for transporting nuclear materials, a discussion of risk assessment methodology, and calculation results for specific examples. Typical risk evaluations are given to provide guidance for later risk analyses specific to MOX fuel transport in Japan. This report also includes specific information that will be required for routes, cask types, accident-rate statistics, and population densities along specified routes, along with other detailed information needed for risk analysis studies pertinent to MOX transport in Japan. This information will be used in future specific risk studies.

  15. University of Washington, Seattle White paper for international collaboration on QUEST in Japan White Paper for University of Washington Collaboration with the QUEST-ST in Japan to develop long-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Washington, Seattle ­ White paper for international collaboration on QUEST in Japan 1/2 White Paper for University of Washington Collaboration with the QUEST-ST in Japan to develop long- pulse. Jarboe, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 E-mails: raman@aa.washington.edu and Jarboe@aa.washington

  16. The Problem of Philippine Independence and Japan: The First Three Decades of American Colonial Rule

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Grant K.

    1972-01-01

    that the Filipinos will make a mess of it. History has not shown them capable of self-government." In addi tion, Kaneko scoffed at any idea of Japanese designs on the Philip pines. He pointed out that Japan had its own troubles in Taiwan, Korea, and Sakhalin... that the Filipinos will make a mess of it. History has not shown them capable of self-government." In addi tion, Kaneko scoffed at any idea of Japanese designs on the Philip pines. He pointed out that Japan had its own troubles in Taiwan, Korea, and Sakhalin...

  17. The Companion Volume of the Proceedings of IJCNLP 2013: System Demonstrations, pages 2932, Nagoya, Japan, 14-18 October 2013.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    caused by the earthquake, the tsunami, and the nuclear disaster. Many reports about aid efforts, Japan, 14-18 October 2013. NICT Disaster Information Analysis System Kiyonori Ohtake Jun Goto Stijn De Saeger Kentaro Torisawa Universal Communication Research Institute, NICT / Kyoto, Japan. {kiyonori

  18. ITER: Japan to assign 20 percent of construction work to EU firms; Proposal for EU official to assume chief executive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Experimental Reactor (ITER). Japan yesterday revealed the details of a proposal to host the project. Tokyo has, Japan bears half price even with construction inside the EU limits of the accessory structures prospect. The experimental device in order ITER generates electricity, reproducing the fusion reaction

  19. Application of Radial Basis Functional Link Networks to Exploration for Proterozoic Mineral Deposits in Central Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Behnia, Pouran [Geological Survey of Iran, Geomatics Department (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: pouranb@yahoo.com

    2007-06-15

    The metallogeny of Central Iran is characterized mainly by the presence of several iron, apatite, and uranium deposits of Proterozoic age. Radial Basis Function Link Networks (RBFLN) were used as a data-driven method for GIS-based predictive mapping of Proterozoic mineralization in this area. To generate the input data for RBFLN, the evidential maps comprising stratigraphic, structural, geophysical, and geochemical data were used. Fifty-eight deposits and 58 'nondeposits' were used to train the network. The operations for the application of neural networks employed in this study involve both multiclass and binary representation of evidential maps. Running RBFLN on different input data showed that an increase in the number of evidential maps and classes leads to a larger classification sum of squared error (SSE). As a whole, an increase in the number of iterations resulted in the improvement of training SSE. The results of applying RBFLN showed that a successful classification depends on the existence of spatially well distributed deposits and nondeposits throughout the study area.

  20. Advanced Robotics, Vol. 21, No. 10, pp. 11151129 (2007) VSP and Robotics Society of Japan 2007.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rucci, Michele

    2007-01-01

    Advanced Robotics, Vol. 21, No. 10, pp. 1115­1129 (2007) VSP and Robotics Society of Japan 2007. Also available online - www.brill.nl/ar Full paper Integrating robotics and neuroscience: brains for robots, bodies for brains MICHELE RUCCI , DANIEL BULLOCK and FABRIZIO SANTINI Department of Cognitive

  1. Workshop Program US-Japan Workshop on Physics of Compact Toroid Plasmas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    ) Poster break (15min) 10:00 FRC Experiment overview -- Ono, chair 10:15 Wurden, Progress on FRX-L Plasma Reactor (30min) Schaffer, Advances in Novel FRC Plasmas (30min) Poster break (20min) 3:00 Workshop IWorkshop Program US-Japan Workshop on Physics of Compact Toroid Plasmas February 25-27, 2002

  2. -News Home Help Chirac defends planned EU arms sales to China to nervous Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of sensitive weapons or technology. news web sites Chirac, the prime proponent of lifting the 16-year-old EU arms or technology to China as they are subject to rules which cannot be broken," Chirac said. "Hence had seen double-digit growth for more than 10 years. As for Japan, the defense spending has been

  3. World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography, Aizu, Japan Modelling and predicting flow regimes using wavelet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barber, Stuart

    4 th World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography, Aizu, Japan Modelling and predicting flow of Statistics, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK, robert@maths.leeds.ac.uk ABSTRACT The aim of industrial without intruding into the industrial process, but produce highly correlated and noisy data, and hence

  4. Masatsu kakuhan setsugo "Friction Stir Welding Complete aspects of FSW" Japan Welding Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Masatsu kakuhan setsugo ­ "Friction Stir Welding ­ Complete aspects of FSW" Japan Welding Society years ago that the Friction Stir Welding (FSW) method was proposed by TWI. Because FSW is a solid state welding method, the peak temperature reached during FSW welding is lower than the traditional welding

  5. T THE FOURTH TRMM LATENT HEATING WORKSHOP WHAT: Scientists from Japan and the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houze Jr., Robert A.

    T THE FOURTH TRMM LATENT HEATING WORKSHOP WHAT: Scientists from Japan and the United States shared with the associated latent heat (LH) release accounting for three-fourths of the total heat energy available to Earth for improving cloud parameterizations in environmental predic- tion models. The Fourth TRMM Latent Heating

  6. To be presented at MicroTAS 2002, Nara, Japan FACTORS INFLUENCING RESPONSE TIME OF DEP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Thomas B.

    Toba National College of Maritime Technology, Toba (Japan) Abstract Dielectrophoretic (DEP the microliter-sized reservoir droplet of de-ionized water at the left, moves rapidly to the right, and stops and pinches off a droplet. For the structure in Fig. 2, which has electrodes of width 50 µm, spacing 50 µm

  7. -News Home Help Japan regrets French minister's comments on nuclear project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to host a revolutionary nuclear energy project while the site is still in dispute. The European Union is being billed as a clean, safe, inexhaustible energy source of the future. news web sites The United-News Home Help Japan regrets French minister's comments on nuclear project 2 hours, 26 minutes ago

  8. France, Japan vie for fusion site From AFP 21feb04

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , it said. ITER aims to test technology for nuclear fusion, billed as the clean, safe, inexhaustible energy-billion dollar nuclear fusion reactor, officials said. But no final decision was expected on breaking. Earlier Friday, the Japanese Nihon Keizai Shimbun said that Japan might start a new nuclear fusion plan

  9. EU:France, UK,etc. East Asia: Japan, China,etc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : The advanced T-lean fusion fuel reactor US HIF Science Virtual National Lab.(LBNL, LLNL,PPPL) has been Heating Heated plasma image SNL-Z project #12;Fast Ignition opens a new rout to compact IF Reactor 1983EU:France, UK,etc. East Asia: Japan, China,etc. US: LLNL, SNL, U. Rochester Inertial Fusion Power

  10. Flood Risk Management As Being Practiced in Japan, Netherlands, United Kingdom,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    #12;#12;Flood Risk Management Approaches As Being Practiced in Japan, Netherlands, United Kingdom.........................................................................................................2 1.3 Flood Risk Management, A Conceptual Framework) ............................................................6 2.1.2 Flood Risk Assessment and the UK Flooding Foresight Study (United Kingdom).10 2

  11. 2000 JAPAN-USA Symposium on Flexible Automation July 23-26, 2000, Ann Arbor, MI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saitou, Kazuhiro "Kazu"

    2000 JAPAN-USA Symposium on Flexible Automation July 23-26, 2000, Ann Arbor, MI 2000JUSFA-US1 OFF-LINE ERROR RECOVERY LOGIC SYNTHESIS IN AUTOMATED ASSEMBLY LINES BY USING GENETIC PROGRAMMING Cem M. Baydar by the experts or automated error recovery logic controllers embedded in the system. The previous work

  12. Energy Consumption, Efficiency, Conservation, and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Japan's Building Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    and C O Reduction i n District Heating and C o o l i n g . "Energy Efficiency o f District Heating and C o o l i n g byi n Japan: cogeneration, P V , and district heating/cooling.

  13. The 10th International Symposium on Flow Visualization August 26-29, 2002, Kyoto, Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Arlington, University of

    The 10th International Symposium on Flow Visualization August 26-29, 2002, Kyoto, Japan F0224 the non-reactive air flow from the injectors. Preliminary whistler nozzle and sonic generator flows were visualized and evaluated. The acoustic wave frequency was measured on the basis of schlieren pictures

  14. International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing, pages 13391347, Nagoya, Japan, 14-18 October 2013.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -18 October 2013. Unsupervised Extraction of Attributes and Their Values from Product Description Keiji.b.sekine}@mail.rakuten.com Abstract This paper describes an unsupervised method for extracting product attributes and their valuesInternational Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing, pages 1339­1347, Nagoya, Japan, 14

  15. Energy Consumption, Efficiency, Conservation, and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Japan's Building Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    Solar thermal collectors are not widely used i n Japan, the total energy consumptionsolar shading for a l l openings. End-Use Energy Consumptionenergy consumption for cooling i n office buildings is greater than for heating; as a result, solar

  16. Measurement of airborne radioactivity from the Fukushima reactor accident in Tokushima, Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Fushimi; S. Nakayama; M. Sakama; Y. Sakaguchi

    2012-10-19

    The airborne radioactive isotopes from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plan t was measured in Tokushima, western Japan. The continuous monitoring has been carried out in Tokushima. From March 23, 2011 the fission product $^{131}$I was observed. The radioisotopes $^{134}$Cs and $^{137}$Cs were also observed in the beginning of April. However the densities were extremely smaller than the Japanese regulation of radioisotopes.

  17. Variation in Limb Proportions Between Jomon Foragers and Yayoi Agriculturalists from Prehistoric Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auerbach, Benjamin M.

    Variation in Limb Proportions Between Jomon Foragers and Yayoi Agriculturalists from Prehistoric Variation in limb proportions between prehistoric Jomon and Yayoi people of Japan are explored by this study from continental Northeast Asia who likely interbred with Jomon foragers. Limb proportions of Jomon

  18. 00100 -1 -IEA Heat Pump Conference 2011, 1619 May 2011, Tokyo, Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miyashita, Yasushi

    00100 - 1 - 10th IEA Heat Pump Conference 2011, 16­19 May 2011, Tokyo, Japan MEASURING, were estimated based on measurement data in order to improve the efficiency of the heat source-2012. Keywords: Sustainable Campus, University Facilities, Hospital, CO2 Emissions Reduction, Heat

  19. Japan's Residential Energy Demand Outlook to 2030 Considering Energy Efficiency Standards"Top-Runner Approach"

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lacommare, Kristina S H; Komiyama, Ryoichi; Marnay, Chris

    2008-05-15

    As one of the measures to achieve the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions agreed to in the"Kyoto Protocol," an institutional scheme for determining energy efficiency standards for energy-consuming appliances, called the"Top-Runner Approach," was developed by the Japanese government. Its goal is to strengthen the legal underpinnings of various energy conservation measures. Particularly in Japan's residential sector, where energy demand has grown vigorously so far, this efficiency standard is expected to play a key role in mitigating both energy demand growth and the associated CO2 emissions. This paper presents an outlook of Japan's residential energy demand, developed by a stochastic econometric model for the purpose of analyzing the impacts of the Japan's energy efficiency standards, as well as the future stochastic behavior of income growth, demography, energy prices, and climate on the future energy demand growth to 2030. In this analysis, we attempt to explicitly take into consideration more than 30 kinds of electricity uses, heating, cooling and hot water appliances in order to comprehensively capture the progress of energy efficiency in residential energy end-use equipment. Since electricity demand, is projected to exhibit astonishing growth in Japan's residential sector due to universal increasing ownership of electric and other appliances, it is important to implement an elaborate efficiency standards policy for these appliances.

  20. Circulation and currents in the southwestern East/Japan Sea: Overview and review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    to the transport variation through the Korea/Tsushima Strait. Movements of the coastal cold water in the middle of the strait. Four-year mean transport into the East/Japan Sea through the Korea/Tsushima Strait range of variability occurs for the subtidal transport variation from subinertial (2­10 days

  1. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

    1987-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1986 totaled 4,493,973,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,312,254 BOPD), up 22.3% from the revised 1985 total of 3,673,729,000 bbl. Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Abu Dhabi, and Oman had significant increased; Iran was the only Middle East country with a significant decrease. New fields went on production in Oman and Yemen Arab Republic, and significant discoveries were reported in Iraq, Yemen Arab Republic, Oman, and Syria. However, exploration was generally down in most countries. Exploration and production operations continued to be affected by war in Iraq and Iran. 8 figures, 7 tables.

  2. Published in 'Asian Ceramic Science for Electronics II and Electroceramics in Japan V', Year: 2002, pp: 15-20 Periodical: Key Engineering Materials Vols. 228-229

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Haydn H.

    Published in 'Asian Ceramic Science for Electronics II and Electroceramics in Japan V', Year: 2002://www.ttp.net #12;Published in 'Asian Ceramic Science for Electronics II and Electroceramics in Japan V', Year: 2002://www.ttp.net #12;Published in 'Asian Ceramic Science for Electronics II and Electroceramics in Japan V', Year: 2002

  3. IRM National Reference Series: Japan: An evaluation of government-sponsored energy conservation research and development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howard, C.D.

    1987-07-01

    Despite the recent drop in world oil prices, the Japanese government is continuing to stress energy conservation, because Japan relies on imports for 85% of its total energy requirements and virtually 100% of its petroleum. Japan stresses long-term developments and sees conservation as an integral part of its 50- to 100-year transition from fossil fuels to nuclear and renewable sources of energy. The Japanese government is targeting new materials, biotechnology, and electronics technologies as the foundation of Japan's economy in the 21st century. Most government research programs in Japan are governed by aggressive timetables and fixed technical goals and are usually guaranteed funding over a 5- to 10-year period. Of the major energy conservation research programs, the best known is the Moonlight Project, administered by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI), and oriented towards end-use technologies such as Stirling engines and advanced heat pumps. Parts of MITI's Basic Technologies for Future Industries Program involve research in new materials and bioreactors. The Science and Technology Agency's Exploratory Research in Advanced Technologies (ERATO) Program is also investigating these technologies while emphasizing basic research. Other ministries supporting research related to energy conservation are the Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture and the Ministry of Construction. For 1985, government spending for energy conservation research was at least $50 million. Private sector funding of energy conservation research was $500 million in 1984. A brief outline of major programs and key participants is included for several of the most relevant technologies. An overview of Japan's experience in international scientific collaboration is also included.

  4. Subduction tractions and vertical axis rotations in the Zagros–Makran transition zone, SE Iran: the 2013 May 11 Mw 6.1 Minab earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penney, Camilla; Copley, Alex; Oveisi, Behnam

    2015-06-09

    , E., Elliott, J., Jackson, J. & Parsons, B., 2010. The vertical separation of mainshock rupture and microseismicity at Qeshm island in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt, Iran, Earth planet. Sci. Lett., 296(3–4), 181–194. Nissen, E., Tatar, M., Jackson...

  5. Seismogenic faulting of the sedimentary sequence and laterally-variable material properties in the Zagros Mountains (Iran) revealed by the August 2014 Murmuri (E. Dehloran) earthquake sequence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copley, Alex; Karasozen, Ezgi; Oveisi, Behnam; Elliott, John R.; Samsonov, Sergey; Nissen, Edwin

    2015-01-01

    We present source models for the August 2014 Murmuri (Dehloran) earthquake sequence in the Zagros Mountains of Iran. An Mw6.2 mainshock was followed by an aftershock sequence containing 5 events of Mw ? 5.4. Models of P and SH waveforms show...

  6. The New York Times' Framing of Involvement of the Russian Federation in Arms and Nuclear Trade with the Islamic Republic of Iran in 2009-2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bagiev, Artem

    2012-05-31

    This study examines the mediated portrait of nuclear and arms trade between Russia and Iran in The New York Times in 2009-2011, applying framing theory as a tool. I used three frames, pre-defined in earlier studies: attribution of responsibility...

  7. About Us Contact Us Site Map Privacy Statement Terms of Use 2009 Business Wire More Business Wire sites: Business Wired blog Canada UK/Ireland Deutschland France Italy Japan EON Online Press Release Tradeshownews.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aksay, Ilhan A.

    sites: Business Wired blog Canada UK/Ireland Deutschland France Italy Japan EON Online Press Release

  8. H. R. 3743: This Act may be cited as the Iran Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act of 1998, Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session, April 29, 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1998-04-29

    The purpose of this bill is to withhold voluntary proportional assistance for programs and projects of the International Atomic Energy Agency relating to the development and completion of the Bushehr nuclear power plant in Iran, and for other purposes. This bill is divided into the following sections: Section 1. Short Title; Section 2. Findings; Section 3. Withholding of voluntary contributions to the International Atomic Energy Agency for programs and projects in Iran. Section 4. Annual review by Secretary of State of programs and projects of the International Atomic Energy Agency; United States opposition to programs and projects of the Agency in Iran; Section 5. Reporting Requirements; and Section 7. Sense of the Congress.

  9. Proceedings of a joint US-Japan Seminar in the Environmental Sciences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeAngelis, D.L. [ed.] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Teramoto, E. [ed.] [Ryukoku Univ., Otsu (Japan); Neergaard, D.A. [ed.] [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)

    1993-11-01

    The Joint US-Japan Seminar in the Environmental Sciences was based on the premises that questions remain concerning the factors that control many of the regularities observed in ecological communities and that increased collaboration between researchers in the United States and Japan can contribute to answering these questions. The papers included in this report resulted from the Seminar. These papers as well as workshop discussions summarized here outline the main issues that face theoretical ecology today. The papers cover four different areas of theoretical ecology: (1) individual species adaptations, (2) ecological community-food web interactions, (3) food web theory, and (4) concepts related to the ecosystem. Individual projects are processed separately for the databases.

  10. International market integration for natural gas? : a cointegration analysis of priced in Europe, North America and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L'Hegaret, Guillaume

    2004-01-01

    We examine the degree of natural gas market integration in Europe, North America and Japan, between the mid 1990?s and 2002. Our hypothesis is that there was a certain split of prices between Europe and North America. The ...

  11. Technologies of the operator : engineering the pilot in the U.S. and Japan, 1930-1960

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeon, Chihyung

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the assemblage of scientific knowledge, engineering practices, measuring instruments, and civilian and military institutions in the U.S. and Japan that went into the construction of the machine operator ...

  12. When Science and the Media Mix AS THE DEVASTATING IMPACTS OF JAPAN'S EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI CONTINUE TO UNFOLD, AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    When Science and the Media Mix AS THE DEVASTATING IMPACTS OF JAPAN'S EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI CONTINUE TO UNFOLD, AND concern over the Fukushima nuclear power plant grows, communication between

  13. The Stacked Bar Model: Japanese-Peruvians' National Ethnic Identities Across Peru, Japan and the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsuha, Shigueru Julio

    2011-01-01

    society (Peru and Japan) holds the institutional power topower to define Peruvianness differently. For JPs in Peru,Peru are like, white people with money. And they’re so power

  14. Low-cost carriers in Japan : challenges and paths to success - using a corporate simulation model for empirical analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shiotani, Sayaka

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyzes the causes behind the sluggishness of new airlines, low cost carriers (LCCs), in Japan. The object is to identify and to recommend innovative policy changes and ideas for the industry, by analyzing the ...

  15. Microsoft Research Asia JapanTaiwan Academic Forum May 17, 2010 at National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouhyoung, Ming

    Microsoft Research Asia JapanTaiwan Academic Forum May 17, 2010 at National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan · Objectives To strengthen regional academic exchange in Asia Pacific region, in partnership with National Taiwan University, Microsoft Research Asia

  16. An Analysis of the DER Adoption Climate in Japan Using Optimization Results for Prototype Buildings with U.S. Comparisons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

    2006-01-01

    of the P15 07 micro gas turbine, and determined economicallyTest Results of a Micro Gas Turbine, The Japan Society ofby natural gas engine (GE), gas turbine (GT), microturbine (

  17. Japan's Long-term Energy Demand and Supply Scenario to 2050 - Estimation for the Potential of Massive CO2 Mitigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Komiyama, Ryoichi

    2010-01-01

    Komiyama, "Japan's Energy Outlook for 2050 with Stochastic2008 (10) EIA/DOE, "Annual Energy Outlook 2008," 2008 (11)its long-term energy supply/demand outlook (Reference No.

  18. INL Director Explains How the National Labs Are Assisting With Japan's Nuclear Crisis

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Grossenbacher, John

    2013-05-28

    Idaho National Laboratory's Director John Grossenbacher discusses the types of nuclear expertise and capabilities that exist within the U.S. Department of Energy's national labs to assist with the Japan nuclear crisis. He also explains how the labs will provide long-term research that will uncover lessons learned from the Fukushima nuclear plants. For more information about INL's nuclear energy research, visit http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

  19. INL Director Explains How the National Labs Are Assisting With Japan's Nuclear Crisis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grossenbacher, John

    2011-01-01

    Idaho National Laboratory's Director John Grossenbacher discusses the types of nuclear expertise and capabilities that exist within the U.S. Department of Energy's national labs to assist with the Japan nuclear crisis. He also explains how the labs will provide long-term research that will uncover lessons learned from the Fukushima nuclear plants. For more information about INL's nuclear energy research, visit http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

  20. Facility Energy Decision System (FEDS) Assessment Report for US Army Garrison, Japan - Honshu Installations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kora, Angela R.; Brown, Daryl R.; Dixon, Douglas R.

    2010-03-09

    This report documents an assessment was performed by a team of engineers from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) under contract to the Installation Management Command (IMCOM) Pacific Region Office (PARO). The effort used the Facility Energy Decision System (FEDS) model to determine how energy is consumed at five U.S. Army Garrison-Japan (USAG-J) installations in the Honshu area, identify the most cost-effective energy retrofit measures, and calculate the potential energy and cost savings.

  1. US-Japan_NuclearEnergyActionPlan.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCEDInstallers/ContractorsPhotovoltaicsStateofEnergyof EnergyEnergyUS-IndiaJapan

  2. Assessment of technical strengths and information flow of energy conservation research in Japan. Volume 2. Background document

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hane, G.J.; Lewis, P.M.; Hutchinson, R.A.; Rubinger, B.; Willis, A.

    1985-06-01

    Purpose of this study is to explore the status of R and D in Japan and the ability of US researchers to keep abreast of Japanese technical advances. US researchers familiar with R and D activities in Japan were interviewed in ten fields that are relevant to the more efficient use of energy: amorphous metals, biotechnology, ceramics, combustion, electrochemical energy storage, heat engines, heat transfer, high-temperature sensors, thermal and chemical energy storage, and tribology. The researchers were questioned about their perceptions of the strengths of R and D in Japan, comparative aspects of US work, and the quality of available information sources describing R and D in Japan. Of the ten related fields, the researchers expressed a strong perception that significant R and D is under way in amorphous metals, biotechnology, and ceramics, and that the US competitive position in these technologies will be significantly challenged. Researchers also identified alternative emphases in Japanese R and D programs in these areas that provide Japan with stronger technical capabilities. For example, in biotechnology, researchers noted the significant Japanese emphasis on industrial-scale bioprocess engineering, which contrasts with a more meager effort in the US. In tribology, researchers also noted the strength of the chemical tribology research in Japan and commented on the effective mix of chemical and mechanical tribology research. This approach contrasts with the emphasis on mechanical tribology in the US.

  3. 71Jl"A\\\\l' Jl ].'J!lC SOUTH'WJEST FOJRUI~1I' &. IRAN~Jl1E EXlPIE1RII MEN1I' l'ATn(QJN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    71Jl"A\\\\l' Jl ].'J!lC SOUTH'WJEST FOJRUI~§1I' &. IRAN~Jl1E EXlPIE1RII MEN1I' §l'ATn(QJN 1966 F' 0 ul~ Llr e 71Jl"A\\\\l' Jl ].'J!lC SOUTH'WJEST FOJRUI~§1I' &. IRAN~Jl1E EXlPIE1RII MEN1I' §l

  4. ---Home Yahoo! Help My Yahoo! News Home Photo Gallery News via WAP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    10, 1:12 am · U.S. C-130 plane hit by missile in Iraq in early Nov. (Kyodo) - Nov 10, 1:09 am · Kyodo failed to confirm info in false Iraq hostage report (Kyodo) - Nov 10, 1:06 am · 2ND LD: Japan, EU fail

  5. JET Papers presented to the 13th International Vacuum Congress, 9th International Conference on SS (Yokohama, Japan, 25-29 September 1995)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JET Papers presented to the 13th International Vacuum Congress, 9th International Conference on SS (Yokohama, Japan, 25-29 September 1995)

  6. JET Papers presented at the 6th IAEA TCM on Energetic Particles in Magnetic Confinement Studies (JAERI, Naka, Japan, 12th ­ 14th October 1999)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JET Papers presented at the 6th IAEA TCM on Energetic Particles in Magnetic Confinement Studies (JAERI, Naka, Japan, 12th ­ 14th October 1999)

  7. Policy and Reform In Public Schools During the Occupation of Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, James Daniel

    2010-12-31

    to find recent scholarship on the subject. I used these more recent articles to analyze current trends in the scholarship of the subject. These articles tended to deal with smaller sections of my overall research and topics that were not easily found...), and translated documents from several local governments. I also used both the First and Second U.S. Education Missions to Japan to analyze the recommendations that American educators were giving to SCAP for further review. Out of these two Missions? reports...

  8. Cameron, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Japan (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0ProvedDecade2,948California (MillionThousand CubicJapan (Million

  9. United States-Japan Cooperation on Energy Security | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S.Laclede GasEfficiency|Feed|DepartmentThe United States and Japan enjoy strong

  10. Fact Sheet: United States-Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015Executive Order14, 20111,FYDepartment of Energy United States-Japan

  11. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Japan (Million Cubic Feet)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E CChina (Million Cubic Feet)Japan

  12. Sabine Pass, LA Exports to Japan Liquefied Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the(Dollars1.840Year Jan Feb MarFeet) BrazilJapan

  13. Database use and technology in Japan: JTEC panel report. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiederhold, G.; Beech, D.; Bourne, C.; Farmer, N.; Jajodia, Sushil; Kahaner, D.; Minoura, Toshi; Smith, D.; Smith, J.M.

    1992-04-01

    This report presents the findings of a group of database experts, sponsored by the Japanese Technology Evaluation Center (JTEC), based on an intensive study trip to Japan during March 1991. Academic, industrial, and governmental sites were visited. The primary findings are that Japan is supporting its academic research establishment poorly, that industry is making progress in key areas, and that both academic and industrial researchers are well aware of current domestic and foreign technology. Information sharing between industry and academia is effectively supported by governmental sponsorship of joint planning and review activities, and enhances technology transfer. In two key areas, multimedia and object-oriented databases, the authors can expect to see future export of Japanese database products, typically integrated into larger systems. Support for academic research is relatively modest. Nevertheless, the senior faculty are well-known and respected, and communicate frequently and in depth with each other, with government agencies, and with industry. In 1988 there were a total of 1,717 Ph.D.`s in engineering and 881 in science. It appears that only about 30 of these were academic Ph.D.`s in the basic computer sciences.

  14. US/Japan Cooperation in High Energy Physics. Review of activities, 1988--1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-11-16

    The objective of the Implementing Arrangement was to further the energy programs of both countries by establishing a framework for cooperation in the field of high energy physics, including research, accelerator and detector instrumentation research and development, the fabrication and subsequent use of new experimental devices and facilities, and related joint efforts as may be mutually agreed. Over the years, this cooperation has been very effective and has strengthened the overall collaborative efforts and the understanding between our nations and their citizens. It has demonstrated to the world our ability to work together to attack difficult problems. High Energy Physics goes across national borders; the bond is clearly intellectual and common ground is shared for the benefit of all in a most effective manner. This review covers the activities conducted under the aegis of the US/Japan Committee for Cooperation in High Energy Physics during the past five years (1988--1993). This was the second such US review of the US/Japan cooperative activities; the first was held in 1987.

  15. Japan hopes for rapid accord with EU on nuclear reactor Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi said Monday that he hopes to resolve a dispute with the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Japan hopes for rapid accord with EU on nuclear reactor 02/05/2005 Japanese Prime Minister nuclear reactor as soon as possible. Koizumi discussed the row over plans for the International Terms and Conditions 5/2/05 8:59 AMEUbusiness - Japan hopes for rapid accord with EU on nuclear reactor

  16. The Japan Times Printer Friendly Articles France has won the competition to host the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), the world's first nuclear-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), the world's first nuclear- fusion reactor. Japan fought for nuclear energy in Japan. The controversies surrounding the Monju fast-breeder-reactor project -- nuclear-fusion reactions -- to produce energy. Scientists at the ITER plant will create nuclear

  17. Proceedings of the Workshop on Language Processing and Crisis Information 2013, pages 4450, Nagoya, Japan, 14 October 2013. c 2013 Asian Federation of Natural Language Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    more than 19,000, and the complex, large-scale disasters of the earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear power, Japan, 14 October 2013. c 2013 Asian Federation of Natural Language Processing Returning-Home Analysis in Tokyo Metropolitan Area at the time of the Great East Japan Earthquake using Twitter Data Yusuke Hara

  18. The NanoJapan Program is jointly administered by Rice University and the University of Tulsa and is funded by a NSF Partnerships for International Research and Education grant (OISE-0968405).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The NanoJapan Program is jointly administered by Rice University and the University of TulsaJapan Program is jointly administered by Rice University and the University of Tulsa and is funded by a NSF

  19. War in Iraq: an Impending Refugee Crisis?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loescher, Gil

    2003-01-01

    the possibility of Iraqi refugee movements seriously and tocoordination mechanisms. Refugees have constituted one ofyears. Not only have refugees constituted a major objective

  20. Iraq and the Betrayal of Trust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakoff, George

    2007-01-01

    protect those oil interests - American investments and theup to 75% of oil profits until their investment was paid for

  1. 4 th World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography, Aizu, Japan Modelling and predicting flow regimes using wavelet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aykroyd, Robert G.

    4 th World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography, Aizu, Japan Modelling and predicting flow of Statistics, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK, robert@maths.leeds.ac.uk ABSTRACT The aim of industrial without intruding into the industrial process, but produce highly correlated and noisy data, and hence

  2. Is the US Main Street model likely to be an effective approach to revitalizing Japanes city centers?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Ai, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    As in the United States in the 1970s, a decline of city centers is a social issue in Japan today. Although the Japanese government has attempted to address the issue since the late 1990s, little accomplishment can be seen ...

  3. Prospects for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles in the United States and Japan: A general equilibrium analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prospects for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles in the United States and Japan: A general-in hybrid electric vehicles Environmental policy Emissions a b s t r a c t The plug-in hybrid electric-powered vehicles. A representative vehicle tech- nology that runs on electricity in addition to conventional fuels

  4. BULK POWER SYSTEM DYNAMICS AND CONTROL V, AUGUST 26-31, 2001, ONOMICHI, JAPAN Global Hybrid Control of Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Yi

    BULK POWER SYSTEM DYNAMICS AND CONTROL V, AUGUST 26-31, 2001, ONOMICHI, JAPAN Global Hybrid Control| This paper presents an overview of recent results on an ap- proach to total control of power systems con- trol for voltage security of power systems, and same ideas for general control [1{6]. In arriving

  5. OS-2-1-010 Fifth International Symposium on Cavitation (CAV2003) Osaka, Japan, November 1-4, 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colonius, Tim

    of the shock wave in a lithotripter are depicted in figure 1. It should be noted that the generationReflected wave Edge waveEdge wave Initial shock wave generation Reflection of shock wave by ellipsOS-2-1-010 Fifth International Symposium on Cavitation (CAV2003) Osaka, Japan, November 1-4, 2003

  6. The 6th International Symposium on Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces Kyoto, Japan, May 17-21, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbe, Christoph S.

    The 6th International Symposium on Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces Kyoto, Japan, May 17-21, 2010 A new approach for 3C3D measurements of aqueous boundary layer ows relative to the wind-wave undulated thermographic images of the air-water interface show coherent pat- terns, probably generated by Langmuir

  7. IEEE ULTRASONICS SYMPOSIUM 1998 IN SENDAI, JAPAN 1 Novel optoelectronic signal processing via the combination of SAW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München

    IEEE ULTRASONICS SYMPOSIUM 1998 IN SENDAI, JAPAN 1 Novel optoelectronic signal processing via of Semiconductor Physics, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia Abstract-- The combination of surface acoustic waves (SAWs a completely new and promising approach to- ward another generation of acoustoelectric and optoelectronic

  8. International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials 2004, 31 May -4 June, Kagoshima, Japan MICROELECTROMECHANICAL TUNABLE LONG-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, Noel C.

    , Kagoshima, Japan MICROELECTROMECHANICAL TUNABLE LONG- WAVELENGTH VERTICAL-CAVITY SEMICONDUCTOR OPTICAL is controlled by phase tuning of a suspended distributed Bragg reflector (DBR). Electrostatic force generated at the peaks of the standing optical wave in the 5/2- cavity, and optimized for optical pumping at 980 nm

  9. US-Japan Joint Institute for Fusion Theory Page 1 Annual Report of Activities for 1998-1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ito, Atsushi

    US-Japan Joint Institute for Fusion Theory Page 1 Annual Report of Activities for 1998-1999 TO: March 8, 1999 SUBJECT: JIFT Annual Report of Activities for 1998-99 CONTENTS: 1. Introduction 2. Status Administration References Attachment A: 1998-1999 JIFT Program Attachment B: Proposed 1999-2000 JIFT Program

  10. IEA Heat Pump Conference 2011, 16 -19 May 2011, Tokyo, Japan DYNAMIC MODELING OF AN AIR SOURCE HEAT PUMP WATER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    SOURCE HEAT PUMP WATER HEATER Farouk Fardoun, Associate Professor, Department of Industrial Engineering- 1 - 10th IEA Heat Pump Conference 2011, 16 - 19 May 2011, Tokyo, Japan DYNAMIC MODELING OF AN AIR of an air source heat pump water heater (ASHPWH). The mathematical model consists of submodels of the basic

  11. Seismic anisotropy in the wedge above the Philippine Sea slab beneath Kanto and southwest Japan derived from shear wave splitting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seno, Tetsuzo

    Seismic anisotropy in the wedge above the Philippine Sea slab beneath Kanto and southwest Japan generated by shallow and intermediate-depth earthquakes occurring in the subducting Philippine Sea are further divided into PHS1 and PHS2 (upper and lower planes of the double seismic zone in the Philippine

  12. IEA Heat Pump Conference 2011, 16 -19 May 2011, Tokyo, Japan ON SIDE REFRIGERANT MEASUREMENT OF HEAT PUMP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    - 1 - 10th IEA Heat Pump Conference 2011, 16 - 19 May 2011, Tokyo, Japan ON SIDE REFRIGERANT MEASUREMENT OF HEAT PUMP SEASONAL PERFORMANCES C. T. Tran, PhD student, Centre for Energy and Processes, MINES, Research Engineer, ENERBAT, Electricity of France R&D, Moret/Loing, France Abstract Heat pump systems have

  13. IEA Heat Pump Conference 2011, 16 -19 May 2011, Tokyo, Japan ENERGY EFFICIENT AIR TO AIR HEAT PUMP OPERATING WITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    00149 -1- 10th IEA Heat Pump Conference 2011, 16 - 19 May 2011, Tokyo, Japan ENERGY EFFICIENT AIR TO AIR HEAT PUMP OPERATING WITH R-1234yf Sorina Mortada, Ph.D. student, Center for Energy and Processes Abstract: Significant improvements in energy performance of air-to-air heat pumps are the major reason

  14. Proceedings of the TED-Conf.'03,JSME Copyright 2003 by the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maruyama, Shigeo

    Proceedings of the TED-Conf.'03,JSME Copyright © 2003 by the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers%Ar 200 Torr 360 Torr- 1.1 cm/s SEM Fig. 2 SEM Fig. 3 TEM Rotary Pump Electric Furnaces SWNTs Ethanol Vapors Quartz Wool Rotary Pump Electric Furnaces SWNTs Ar Gas 500 °C 850~950 °C Membrane Filter (5

  15. Modeling foreign economic policy in strategic setting: the automotive industry of the U.S. and Japan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Au-Young, Marie Lily

    2013-02-22

    . For this study, I examined a specific case study in which the U.S. was in a dispute with a foreign country and how the U.S. dealt with the situation. This particular dispute spans a timeline of 15 years and involves the automotive industry of Japan and the U...

  16. Tombs, tunnels, and terraces a cultural resources survey of a former ammunition supply point in Okinawa, Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Verhaaren, B. T.; Levenson, J. B.; Komine, G.

    2000-02-09

    U.S. forces serving at military bases on foreign soil are obligated to act as good stewards of the cultural and natural resources under their control. However, cultural resources management presents special challenges at U.S. bases in other countries where cultural properties laws differ in emphasis and detail from those in the United States and issues of land ownership and occupancy are not always clear. Where status of forces agreements (SOFAs) exist, environmental governing standards bridge the gap between U.S. and host nation cultural priorities. In Japan, the Department of Defense Japan Environmental Governing Standards (JEGS) fill this function. Under Criteria 12-4.2 and 12-4.3 of the JEGS, U.S. Forces Japan commit themselves to inventory and protect cultural properties found on the lands they control or use. Cultural properties include archaeological sites, tombs, historic buildings, and shrines. Natural monuments, such as landscape features or plant and animal species, may also be designated as cultural properties. As part of this commitment, in February 1999 a cultural resources inventory was conducted in Area 1, part of Kadena Air Base (AB), Okinawa, Japan. Area 1, the former U.S. army Ammunition Supply Point 1, is currently used primarily for training exercises and recreational paint ball.

  17. Optimal Combination of Distributed Energy System in an Eco-Campusof Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Yongwen; Gao, Weijun; Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris

    2006-06-14

    In this study, referring to the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM) which was developed by the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), E-GAMS programmer is developed with a research of database of energy tariffs, DER (Distributed Energy Resources) technology cost and performance characteristics, and building energy consumption in Japan. E-GAMS is a tool designed to find the optimal combination of installed equipment and an idealized operating schedule to minimize a site's energy bills. In this research, by using E-GAMS, we present a tool to select the optimal combination of distributed energy system for an Ecological-Campus, Kitakyushu, Science and Research Park (KSRP). We discuss the effects of the combination of distributed energy technologies on the energy saving, economic efficiency and environmental benefits.

  18. Safety design approach for external events in Japan sodium-cooled fast reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamano, H.; Kubo, S. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 4002 Narita-cho, O-arai, Ibaraki, 311-1393 (Japan); Tani, A. [Mitsubishi FBR Systems, Inc., 2-34-17, Jingumae, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo, 150-0001 (Japan); Nishino, H.; Sakai, T. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 4002 Narita-cho, O-arai, Ibaraki, 311-1393 (Japan)

    2012-07-01

    This paper describes a safety design approach for external events in the design study of Japan sodium-cooled fast reactor. An emphasis is introduction of a design extension external condition (DEEC). In addition to seismic design, other external events such as tsunami, strong wind, abnormal temperature, etc. were addressed in this study. From a wide variety of external events consisting of natural hazards and human-induced ones, a screening method was developed in terms of siting, consequence, frequency to select representative events. Design approaches for these events were categorized on the probabilistic, statistical and deterministic basis. External hazard conditions were considered mainly for DEECs. In the probabilistic approach, the DEECs of earthquake, tsunami and strong wind were defined as 1/10 of exceedance probability of the external design bases. The other representative DEECs were also defined based on statistical or deterministic approaches. (authors)

  19. Chemical composition of interstitial waters from the Japan Sea, ODP Leg 128

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sturz, A. ); Von Breymann, M.; Dunbar, R. )

    1990-06-01

    During ODP Leg 128, interstitial waters were recovered from Oki Ridge (Site 798) and Kita-Yamato Trough (Site 799) sediment, Sea of Japan. Interstitial water chemical composition reflects diagenetic processes. Evidence indicating organic matter degradation processes includes sulfate depletion, high ammonium concentrations, and shallow maxima of dissolved phosphate. Rapid alkalinity increases in the uppermost sections of the sediments are accompanied by decreases in dissolved calcium, reflecting inorganic calcite precipitation. Authigenic dolomitization results in changes in slopes of the Mg/Ca molar ratios with depth. The opal-A/opal-CT transition is documented by the concentration depth profiles of dissolved silica and lithium. Dolomitization precedes the opal-A/opal-CT transition at both sites. Kita-Yamato Trough sediments show an abrupt change in the compositional character of the pore fluids below 435 mbsf, which coincides with the occurrence of low porosity and high bulk density layers composed of dolomite and opal-CT. These layers impede to some extent diffusional communication with the overlying interstitial waters. The interstitial waters in sediments below 435 mbsf have chloride concentrations of 504-515 mM, significantly lower than that of modern day Japan Sea water (540 mM). The presence of low chloride waters within Miocene age sediments may indicate: (1) diagenetic reactions that involve the release of exchangeable and structural bound water from clay minerals and/or opal-A, (2) Miocene connate brackish lake water, (3) phase separation of hydrothermal fluids associated with rifting, (4) potential effects of clay membrane filtration in a high pressure zone.

  20. Japan's Long-term Energy Demand and Supply Scenario to 2050 - Estimation for the Potential of Massive CO2 Mitigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Komiyama, Ryoichi; Marnay, Chris; Stadler, Michael; Lai, Judy; Borgeson, Sam; Coffey, Brian; Azevedo, Ines Lima

    2009-09-01

    In this analysis, the authors projected Japan's energy demand/supply and energy-related CO{sub 2} emissions to 2050. Their analysis of various scenarios indicated that Japan's CO{sub 2} emissions in 2050 could be potentially reduced by 26-58% from the current level (FY 2005). These results suggest that Japan could set a CO{sub 2} emission reduction target for 2050 at between 30% and 60%. In order to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions by 60% in 2050 from the present level, Japan will have to strongly promote energy conservation at the same pace as an annual rate of 1.9% after the oil crises (to cut primary energy demand per GDP (TPES/GDP) in 2050 by 60% from 2005) and expand the share of non-fossil energy sources in total primary energy supply in 2050 to 50% (to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions per primary energy demand (CO{sub 2}/TPES) in 2050 by 40% from 2005). Concerning power generation mix in 2050, nuclear power will account for 60%, solar and other renewable energy sources for 20%, hydro power for 10% and fossil-fired generation for 10%, indicating substantial shift away from fossil fuel in electric power supply. Among the mitigation measures in the case of reducing CO{sub 2} emissions by 60% in 2050, energy conservation will make the greatest contribution to the emission reduction, being followed by solar power, nuclear power and other renewable energy sources. In order to realize this massive CO{sub 2} abatement, however, Japan will have to overcome technological and economic challenges including the large-scale deployment of nuclear power and renewable technologies.

  1. Simulation-based design of energy management system with storage battery for a refugee shelter in Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaji, K.; Zhang, J.; Horie, H.; Tanaka, K. [Department of Technology Management for Innovation, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo (Japan); Akimoto, H. [Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-12-10

    Since the massive earthquake hit eastern Japan in March, 2011, our team has participated in the recovery planning for Kesen Association, which is a group of cities in northeastern Japan. As one of our proposals for the recovery planning for the community, we are designing energy management system with renewable energy (RE) and storage batteries. Some public facilities in the area have been used as refugee shelters, but refugees had to put up with life without electricity for a while after the disaster. If RE generator and storage batteries are introduced into the facilities, it is possible to provide refugees with electricity. In this study, the sizes of photovoltaic (PV) appliances and storage batteries to be introduced into one public facility are optimized. The optimization is based on simulation, in which electric energy is managed by charge and discharge of storage battery.

  2. TRACES OF A LOST LANDSCAPE TRADITION AND CROSS-CULTURAL RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN KOREA, CHINA AND JAPAN IN THE EARLY JOSEON PERIOD (1392-1550)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Sangnam

    2014-08-31

    hanging scrolls in the Mori Museum of Art in Yamaguchi prefecture, Japan. Although Landscapes is traditionally attributed to the Chinese master Mi Youren (1075-1151) based on title inscriptions on their painting boxes, the style of the scrolls indicates...

  3. The limits of liberalism? : long-run petroleum prices and government intervention in petroleum markets in Japan, France, and the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Llewelyn (Llewelyn P.)

    2009-01-01

    This study considers cross-national and inter-temporal variation in national oil policies in Japan, France, and the United States. A test was performed of the extent to which policies in these countries continue to emphasize ...

  4. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, Vol. 87, No. 3, pp. 403--421, 2009. 403 DOI:10.2151/jmsj.87.403

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pu, Zhaoxia

    Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, Vol. 87, No. 3, pp. 403--421, 2009. 403 DOI:10.2151/jmsj.87.403 Sensitivity of Numerical Simulations of the Early Rapid Intensification of Hurricane Emily

  5. Long-term research in Japan: amorphous metals, metal oxide varistors, high-power semiconductors and superconducting generators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hane, G.J.; Yorozu, M.; Sogabe, T.; Suzuki, S.

    1985-04-01

    The review revealed that significant activity is under way in the research of amorphous metals, but that little fundamental work is being pursued on metal oxide varistors and high-power semiconductors. Also, the investigation of long-term research program plans for superconducting generators reveals that activity is at a low level, pending the recommendations of a study currently being conducted through Japan's Central Electric Power Council.

  6. The 6th International Symposium on Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces Kyoto, Japan, May 17-21, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbe, Christoph S.

    .Schimpf,Christoph.Garbe,Bernd.Jähne}@iwr.uni-heidelberg.de The impact of wind, rain, and surface slicks on the transport of heat and gas at the water surfaceThe 6th International Symposium on Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces Kyoto, Japan, May 17-21, 2010 Combined Visualization of Wind Waves and Water Surface Temperature R. Rocholz1 , U. Schimpf1 , C. S. Garbe1

  7. Promoting electricity from renewable energy sources -- lessons learned from the EU, U.S. and Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haas, Reinhard; Meyer, Niels I.; Held, Anne; Finon, Dominique; Lorenzoni, Arturo; Wiser, Ryan; Nishio, Ken-ichiro

    2007-06-01

    The promotion of electricity generated from Renewable Energy Sources (RES) has recently gained high priority in the energy policy strategies of many countries in response to concerns about global climate change, energy security and other reasons. This chapter compares and contrasts the experience of a number of countries in Europe, states in the US as well as Japan in promoting RES, identifying what appear to be the most successful policy measures. Clearly, a wide range of policy instruments have been tried and are in place in different parts of the world to promote renewable energy technologies. The design and performance of these schemes varies from place to place, requiring further research to determine their effectiveness in delivering the desired results. The main conclusions that can be drawn from the present analysis are: (1) Generally speaking, promotional schemes that are properly designed within a stable framework and offer long-term investment continuity produce better results. Credibility and continuity reduce risks thus leading to lower profit requirements by investors. (2) Despite their significant growth in absolute terms in a number of key markets, the near-term prognosis for renewables is one of modest success if measured in terms of the percentage of the total energy provided by renewables on a world-wide basis. This is a significant challenge, suggesting that renewables have to grow at an even faster pace if we expect them to contribute on a significant scale to the world's energy mix.

  8. Transboundary Secondary Organic Aerosol in Western Japan: An Observed Limitation of the f44 Oxidation Indicator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irei, Satoshi; Sadanaga, Yasuhiro; Miyoshi, Takao; Arakaki, Tekemitsu; Sato, Kei; Kaneyasu, Naoki; Bandow, Hiroshi; Hatakeyama, Shiro

    2015-01-01

    To obtain evidence for secondary organic aerosol formation during the long range transport of air masses over the East China Sea, we conducted field measurements in March 2012 at the Fukue atmospheric monitoring station, Nagasaki, in western Japan. The relative abundance of m/z 44 in fine organic aerosol mass spectra (f44) was measured by an Aerodyne aerosol chemical speciation monitor. The stable carbon isotope ratio (d13C) of low volatile water soluble organic carbon (LV-WSOC) in the daily filter samples of total suspended particulate matter was also analyzed using an elemental analyzer coupled with an isotope ratio mass spectrometer. Additionally, in situ measurements of NOx and NOy were performed using NOx and NOy analyzers. The measurements showed that, unlike the systematic trends observed in a previous field study, a scatter plot for d13C of LV-WSOC versus f44 indicated a random variation. Comparison of f44 with the photochemical age estimated by the NOx to NOy ratio revealed that the f44 values distri...

  9. Atmospheric Response to Fukushima Daiichi NPP (Japan) Accident Reviled by Satellite and Ground observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouzounov, D; Hattori, K; Kafatos, M; Taylor, P

    2011-01-01

    Immediately after the March 11, 2011 earthquake and tsunami in Japan we started to continuously survey the Outgoing Long-wavelength Radiation (OLR, 10-13 microns) from NOAA/AVHRR. Our preliminary results show the presence of hot spots on the top of the atmosphere over the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) and due to their persistence over the same region they are most likely not of meteorological origin. On March 14 and 21 we detected a significant increase in radiation (14 W/m2) at the top of the atmosphere which also coincides with a reported radioactivity gas leaks from the FDNPP. After March 21 the intensity of OLR started to decline, which has been confirmed by ground radiometer network. We hypothesize that this increase in OLR was a result of the radioactive leaks released in atmosphere from the FDNPP. This energy triggers ionization of the air near the ground and lead to release of latent heat energy due to change of air humidity and temperature. Our early results demonstrate the potential ...

  10. Evaluation of Natural Radioactivity in Subsurface Air, Water and Soil in Western Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fukui, Masami [Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, 2-1010, Asashiro-nishi, Kumatori-cho, Osaka, 590-0494 (Japan)

    2008-08-07

    Surveys of radon concentrations in western Japan were carried out to estimate the contents not only of waters in the environment but also in soil gas. The maximum concentration measured for drinking water as public supply exceeded the 1991 United States Environmental Protection Agency-recommended limit for drinking water (11 Bq L{sup -1}) but did not exceed that of several European countries (100 Bq L{sup -1}). Overall, the concentrations of radon in subsurface water ranged from 1 to 100 Bq L{sup -1} and those in surface water were below 1 Bq L{sup -1} in a residential area. Fifty nine samples in soil gas at 4 Prefectures of the Kinki district were analyzed together with 19 samples of interest due to karst and uranium mining sites from another two Prefectures to compare with the above samples. The cumulative frequency of the {sup 222}Rn-concentrations both in environmental water and soil gas showed a log-normal distribution. Surveys of natural radioactivity in soils were also carried out with a Ge(Li) detector to determine the concentrations.

  11. Role of S??hayk??h Muh?ammad K??hiya?ba?ni? and the Democratic Movement of Azerbaijan in the socio-political history of Iran 1910-1920 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tabatabai Khatambakhsh, Mohammad-Taghi

    1984-01-01

    and foreign dynasties, we had to study a great deal about the lives of individual Kings; but hardly any space was allocated to the history of social and political movements in Iran. The names of patriots and political thinkers such as K?h?iya?ba?ni? were not...

  12. Final Report US-Japan IEC Workshop on Small Plasma and Accelerator Neutron Sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miley, George, H.

    2008-06-04

    Abstract The history of IEC development will be briefly described, and some speculation about future directions will be offered. The origin of IEC is due to the brilliance of Phil Farnsworth, inventor of electronic TV in the US. Early experiments were pioneered in the late 1960s by Robert Hirsch who later became head of the DOE fusion program. At that time studies of IEC physics quickly followed at the University of Illinois and at Penn State University. However, despite many successes in this early work, IEC research died as DOE funding stopped in the mid 1980s. In the early 90’s, R. W. Bussard of EMC revived work with a new major project based on a magnetic assisted IEC. While doing supportive studies for that project, G. Miley proposed a grided “STAR mode” IEC as a neutron source for NAA. This concept was later used commercially by Daimler- Benz in Germany to analysis impurities in incoming ores. This represented a first practical application of the IEC. During this period other research groups at LANL, U of Wisconsin and Kyoto University entered IEC research with innovative new concepts and approaches to IEC physics and applications. Much of this work is documented in the present and in past US-Japan Workshops. At present we stand on the threshold of a new area of IEC applications as neutron source, for isotope production, and as a plasma source. These applications provide a way to continue IEC understanding and technology development with the ultimate goal being a fusion power plant. Indeed, a distinguishing feature of the IEC vs. other fusion confinement approaches is the unique opportunity for “spin off” applications along the way to a power producing plant.

  13. Preliminary Evaluation of Cesium Distribution for Wet Sieving Process Planned for Soil Decontamination in Japan - 13104

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Enokida, Y.; Tanada, Y.; Hirabayashi, D.; Sawada, K.

    2013-07-01

    For the purpose of decontaminating radioactive cesium from a huge amount of soil, which has been estimated to be 1.2x10{sup 8} m{sup 3} by excavating to a 5-cm depth from the surface of Fukushima Prefecture where a severe nuclear accident occurred at TEPCO's power generating site and has emitted a significant amount of radioactive materials, mainly radioactive cesium, a wet sieving process was selected as one of effective methods available in Japan. Some private companies have demonstrated this process for soil treatment in the Fukushima area by testing at their plants. The results were very promising, and a full-fledged application is expected to follow. In the present study, we spiked several aqueous samples containing soil collected from an industrial wet sieving plant located near our university for the recycling of construction wastes with non-radioactive cesium hydroxide. The present study provides scientific data concerning the effectiveness in volume reduction of the contaminated soil by a wet sieving process as well as the cesium distribution between the liquid phase and clay minerals for each sub-process of the full-scale one, but a simulating plant equipped with a process of coagulating sedimentation and operational safety fundamentals for the plant. Especially for the latter aspect, the study showed that clay minerals of submicron size strongly bind a high content of cesium, which was only slightly removed by coagulation with natural sedimentation (1 G) nor centrifugal sedimentation (3,700 G) and some of the cesium may be transferred to the effluent or recycled water. By applying ultracentrifugation (257,000 G), most of submicron clay minerals containing cesium was removed, and the cesium amount which might be transferred to the effluent or recycled water, could be reduced to less than 2.3 % of the original design by the addition of a cesium barrier consisting of ultracentrifugation or a hollow fiber membrane. (authors)

  14. Government-promoted collective research and development in Japan: Analyses of the organization through case studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hane, G.J.

    1990-06-01

    A study was commissioned by the Energy Conservation and Utilization Technologies (ECUT) Program of the US Department of Energy (DOE) to better understand the strategies used for cooperative and joint-venture research and development (R D) overseas. The study evaluates the organization and management of several different types of cooperative R D programs in Japan that are sponsored under the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) Program, Exploratory Research for Advanced Technology (ERATO) Program, and the Key Technology Center (KTC) Program. The ERATO Program grew out of a concern over revising the government's approach to supporting research and technology development. The program was initiated to address what was regarded as a lack of creativity in areas at the forefront of science. The program recruits young researchers and allows them flexibility to explore multi-disciplinary areas at the forefront of science. It has been organized to allow for individual creativity but at the same time to benefit from the combined knowledge of an assembly of researchers. Because the plan is such a radical departure from conventional Japanese philosophy, it has met with certain bureaucratic obstacles. Visits to four ERATO projects are described. The third program, the KTC Program, focuses on getting private firms to venture into risky areas of advanced technology to pave the way for future industries. Its goal is to encourage a shift of resources in the private sector toward areas that are considered essential for the competitive development of future industries. The principal philosophy behind the KTC is that the private sector is in the best position to identify promising technical challenges and to weigh their commercial potential against research uncertainties. Three KTC research joint ventures are briefly described. 13 refs., 9 figs., 35 tabs.

  15. Patterns of Practice in Palliative Radiotherapy for Painful Bone Metastases: A Survey in Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakamura, Naoki; Shikama, Naoto; Wada, Hitoshi; Harada, Hideyuki; Nozaki, Miwako; Nagakura, Hisayasu; Tago, Masao; Oguchi, Masahiko; Uchida, Nobue

    2012-05-01

    Purpose: To determine the current patterns of practice in Japan and to investigate factors that may make clinicians reluctant to use single-fraction radiotherapy (SF-RT). Methods and Materials: Members of the Japanese Radiation Oncology Study Group (JROSG) completed an Internet-based survey and described the radiotherapy dose fractionation they would recommend for four hypothetical cases describing patients with painful bone metastasis (BM). Case 1 described a patient with an uncomplicated painful BM in a non-weight-bearing site from non-small-cell lung cancer. Case 2 investigated whether management for a case of uncomplicated spinal BM would be different from that in Case 1. Case 3 was identical with Case 2 except for the presence of neuropathic pain. Case 4 investigated the prescription for an uncomplicated painful BM secondary to oligometastatic breast cancer. Radiation oncologists who recommended multifraction radiotherapy (MF-RT) for Case 2 were asked to explain why they considered MF-RT superior to SF-RT. Results: A total of 52 radiation oncologists from 50 institutions (36% of JROSG institutions) responded. In all four cases, the most commonly prescribed regimen was 30 Gy in 10 fractions. SF-RT was recommended by 13% of respondents for Case 1, 6% for Case 2, 0% for Case 3, and 2% for Case 4. For Case 4, 29% of respondents prescribed a high-dose MF-RT regimen (e.g., 50 Gy in 25 fractions). The following factors were most often cited as reasons for preferring MF-RT: 'time until first increase in pain' (85%), 'incidence of spinal cord compression' (50%), and 'incidence of pathologic fractures' (29%). Conclusions: Japanese radiation oncologists prefer a schedule of 30 Gy in 10 fractions and are less likely to recommend SF-RT. Most Japanese radiation oncologists regard MF-RT as superior to SF-RT, based primarily on the time until first increase in pain.

  16. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowa NaturalIowaAspects of

  17. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowa NaturalIowaAspects of8,

  18. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowa NaturalIowaAspects

  19. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowa NaturalIowaAspects1, 2012

  20. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowa NaturalIowaAspects1,

  1. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowa NaturalIowaAspects1,March

  2. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowa

  3. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowaOctober 5, 2012 11:00 am

  4. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowaOctober 5, 2012 11:00

  5. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowaOctober 5, 2012

  6. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowaOctober 5, 2012Thursday,

  7. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowaOctober 5,

  8. Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducing the RichardBudgetIowaOctober 5,December 10, 2010

  9. Director, Smalley Nano & Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Dallas Board of Councilors December 7, 1995 #12;#12;Oil will become scarce, and then gas & Gas 14 World Oil Reserves Top Ten Owner Companies Venezuela 10% Abu Dhabi 7% Mexico 6% Libya 3% Nigeria 3% China 2% Iran 11% Kuwait 12% Iraq 14% Saudi Aramco 32% Source: The Oil Daily, 12/23/1999 Total

  10. Sonny Ramaswamy Director of Agricultural Research Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Source: http://www.eia.doe.gov Petroleum (million barrels/day) USA imports 60% of oil at an annual cost of $250 B The Perfect Storm · September 11, 2001 · Terrorism, Iraq, Afghanistan · Iran, Venezuela, Nigeria · Higher farm income and value · Net energy, CO2, greenhouse gas output in production and use of ethanol

  11. GREQAMGroupement de Recherche en Economie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille -UMR-CNRS 6579

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -80 events in Iran and Iraq, the 1990 invasion of Kuwait and latest crisis in the crude oil market in 1999 evidence of the importance of oil price movements when explaining movements in stock returns. Oil prices-38 EXTREME VALUE THEORY AND VALUE AT RISK: APPLICATION TO OIL MARKET Vęlayoudom MARIMOUTOU Bechir RAGGAD

  12. The United States: The Making of National Security Policy John M. Deutch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    as observation or involvement is vast. It begins with Afghanistan and Iraq and extends to China and East Asia. It includes Iran, Africa, the Middle East peace process, Russia, European affairs, functional areas of energy group is with political-military affairs. With other matters, additional agencies may participate

  13. Dover Textiles - A Case History on Retrofitting Factories with a Boiler System Fueled on Coal, Wood and Waste 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pincelli, R. D.

    1981-01-01

    The shortage of affordable gas and oil boiler fuels and the recent Iran/Iraq war underscores the urgent need for the American industrial system to convert to domestically controlled fuels and particularly coal, wood, and waste. More talk than action...

  14. Nuclear proliferation status report. Status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1992-07-01

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear proliferation status of the following countries: (1) Russia, (2) Ukraine, (3) Belarus, (4) Kazakhstan, (5) Israel, (6) India, (7) Pakistan, (8) South Africa, (9) North Korea, (10) Iraq, (11) Iran, (12) Lybia, (13) Algeria, (14) Syria, (15) Brazil, (16) Argentina, and (17) Taiwan.

  15. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    OPEC 4,184 42 116 134 30 34 64 Algeria 218 24 68 53 0 0 0 Indonesia 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 443 0 0 10 0 0 0 Kuwait 183 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 20 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  16. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Total OPEC 8,771 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 252 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 150 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 1,264 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  17. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Conventional Total OPEC 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria 0 0 0...

  18. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    14,745 0 653 653 Algeria 43,956 5,591 10,931 1,677 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 604 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 105,986 0 0 305 0 0 0 Kuwait 45,131 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 3,657 0 318...

  19. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Total OPEC 9,068 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria 827 0 0 0 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 307 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 481 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...

  20. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    OPEC 26,638 0 871 617 905 1,028 1,933 Algeria 0 0 534 617 0 0 0 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Libya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria...