Sample records for iran china saudi

  1. Saudi Arabia Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates Oman China Turkmenistan Turkey Tajikistan United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar Uzbekistan Eritrea Bahrain 02858 00707 #12;Iran Saudi Arabia Oman Pakistan AfghanistanIraq Yemen United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar

  2. AFGHANISTAN'S OTHER NEIGHBORS: IRAN, CENTRAL ASIA, AND CHINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spence, Harlan Ernest

    AFGHANISTAN'S OTHER NEIGHBORS: IRAN, CENTRAL ASIA, AND CHINA CONFERENCE REPORT Organized ...................................................................4 AFGHANISTAN AND IRAN ...........................................................................................6 Cultural Issues: Fear of Iran's Shadow

  3. Post-Disaster Reconstruction Models in the Asia Pacific: the cases of China, Iran and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    Post-Disaster Reconstruction Models in the Asia Pacific: the cases of China, Iran and Myanmar Helen ­ Sichuan Earthquake 2008 Iran ­ Bam Earthquake 2003; Tabriz Earthquake 2012 Myanmar ­ Cyclone Nargis 2008 element in psycho-social recovery and reconstruction phase. #12;Iran Model Iran: Bam Earthquake 2003

  4. To Appear in Middle East Economic Survey (MEES)-Op-Ed http://www.mees.com/cms/ China's Angst over Iran Sanctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Iran Sanctions Beijing's go-it-alone oil security could fail during any U.S.-Iran conflict Thomas W O "targeted" sanctions on Iran's nuclear program. This is a significant change. For many years, China has fifty percent of its imported oil now comes from the Persian Gulf, and any U.S.-Iran clash could

  5. AUSTRALIA BELGIUM CHINA FRANCE GERMANY HONG KONG SAR INDONESIA (ASSOCIATED OFFICE) ITALY JAPAN PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES

  6. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China made an Iranian oil investment valued at $70 billion.across Iran, Chinas oil investment may exceed $100 billionthese involving investment in oil and gas, really undermine

  7. A Nuclear Iran? Why this particular topic?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    A Nuclear Iran? #12;#12;Why this particular topic? State Department internship Personal NPT (Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty) developed after WWII and Japan IAEA (International Atomic of capacity #12;Iran's nuclear program Initiated in 1959 Strong ties to Russia, China and Pakistan 2002

  8. China's policy towards US adversaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swartz, Peter Goodings

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    If the Chinese government is trying to reassure the US that China's rise is not threatening, why does China diplomatically support adversaries of the US such as Iran, Sudan, Libya, and Syria? This thesis shows that soft ...

  9. Iran at the Crossroads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pahlavi, Reza

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Clerical Regime in Iran in order to stage the perceptionthat political candidates in Iran are exclusively confinedstyle charade, as a sign of Iran's flourishing new democracy

  10. Iran in History Iran in History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    1 Iran in History Iran in History by Bernard Lewis In attempting to attain some perspective on Iran. These events have been variously seen in Iran: by some as a blessing, the advent of the true faith, the end remarkable difference between what happened in Iran and what happened in all the other countries

  11. IRAN UNDER MONGOL DOMINATION The effectiveness and failings of a dual administrative system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    IRAN UNDER MONGOL DOMINATION The effectiveness and failings of a dual administrative system Denise, as countries with a long sedentary tradition, such as China and Iran, were made subject to a single people of the steppes for over a century.4 THE CONQUEST OF THE IRANIAN LANDS Iran had suffered other major invasions

  12. Saudi MTBE project revived

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Alujain Corp., a member of the Xenel group of Saudi Arabia, is going ahead with plans to build an 800,000-m.t./year methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) plant. Bechtel has been appointed project manager for the plant, which will be owned by a new company, National Fuel Additives (Tahseen). Bechtel will help evaluate proposals already submitted for the lump sum turnkey job.

  13. From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela: Energy Resources, Market Factors & ConflictsEnergy Resources, Market Factors & Conflicts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    (Brazil, Russia, India and China) will end U.S. supremacy in the dollar based oil market? Lastly, weFrom Saudi Arabia to Venezuela: Energy Resources, Market Factors & ConflictsEnergy Resources, Market Factors & Conflicts Dr. Tom O'Donnell Friday, 12:00 2:48 PM Room 125, Mendenhall Laboratory

  14. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Egypt, South Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New...

  15. Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitt Bonn Institut fr Politische Wissenschaft und Soziologie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Sven Oliver

    globale Entwicklung. Ein Positionspapier des BMZ. Bonn 2004. The policy paper of the Federal Ministry: China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Thailand, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, South Africa, Argentina

  16. Essays on Fertility, Gender Preference and Family Planning in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GHOBADI, NEGAR

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Population Policy Changes in Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . .v 3.3.2 Irans Current Health Data . . . . . . . . . . . . .Case of Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  17. Reading Arendt in Iran/Reading Iran through Arendt: Speech,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    Reading Arendt in Iran/Reading Iran through Arendt: Speech, Action, and the Question Arendt in Iran/Reading Iran through Arendt: Speech, Action, and the Question of Street Politics for Arendt readers in the postrevolutionary context of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Arendt's skepticism

  18. Pachydermodactyly, a new case from Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zamanian, Abbas; Ansar, Akram

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pachydermodactyly, a new case from Iran Abbas Zamanian MD8 1. Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 2.Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran Abstract Pachydermodactyly (

  19. Saudi Aramco | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ |Rippey Jump to:WY)ProjectValley,IsabelSarsia SeedSaudi

  20. Saudi Aramco Gas Operations Energy Efficiency Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Dossary, F. S.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Saudi Aramco Gas Operations (GO) created energy efficiency strategies for its 5-year business plan (2011-2015), supported by a unique energy efficiency program, to reduce GO energy intensity by 26% by 2015. The program generated an energy savings...

  1. Saudi Aramco Gas Operations Energy Efficiency Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Dossary, F. S.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Saudi Aramco Gas Operations (GO) created energy efficiency strategies for its 5-year business plan (2011-2015), supported by a unique energy efficiency program, to reduce GO energy intensity by 26% by 2015. The program generated an energy savings...

  2. Saudi arabia to inject funds into ITFC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    "Saudi Arabian will infuse the Islamic Trade Financing Corporation (ITFC) with SR112.5 million ($30 million). The money will come from the General Investment fund." (1 page)

  3. Architecting the Saudi solar manufacturing : using Enterprise Architecture Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsultan, Bassel F. (Bassel Fahad)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The demand for Saudi oil is increasing locally and internationally, and being one of the major oil exporters in the world, the government of Saudi Arabia needs to balance between local consumption and international demand. ...

  4. Natural Gas Exports from Iran

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This assessment of the natural gas sector in Iran, with a focus on Irans natural gas exports, was prepared pursuant to section 505 (a) of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (Public Law No: 112-158). As requested, it includes: (1) an assessment of exports of natural gas from Iran; (2) an identification of the countries that purchase the most natural gas from Iran; (3) an assessment of alternative supplies of natural gas available to those countries; (4) an assessment of the impact a reduction in exports of natural gas from Iran would have on global natural gas supplies and the price of natural gas, especially in countries identified under number (2); and (5) such other information as the Administrator considers appropriate.

  5. Everything depends on the Saudis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sauer, J.W. (Conoco Inc., Houston, TX (US))

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that oil markets are at their lowest level in 18 months, since before the Persian Gulf crisis. What is remarkable is that the world oil industry is producing essentially at capacity, yet OPEC shows no sign of taking advantage of this situation to drive up prices. Rather, commodity market forces are quickly exploiting any short-term surplus or shortage, and the oil market is exposed to continuing price volatility. Oil market uncertainties - the return of Iraqi and Kuwaiti production, prospects for exports from former Soviet republics, and the fragility of economic recovery - appear bigger than normal and threaten to oversupply markets in the spring when oil demand declines seasonally. The downward trend in world oil prices that began in November may continue into the second quarter of 1992. However, by the second half an economic recovery may be underway. If that happens, demand should grow and the market firm. At any rate, prices in 1992 may be more stable than commonly expected, because Saudi Arabia does not seem to want prices much above or below 1991 levels. That would be a range of $20 - $21 for WTI.

  6. Seawater can damage Saudi sandstone oil reservoirs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dahab, A.S. (King Saud Univ., Riyadh (SA))

    1990-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Experiments have shown that formation damage from waterflooding of the Aramco and Alkhafji sandstones of Saudi Arabia will not occur if the salinity of the injected brines is higher than 20% NaCl. Because the connate water in these reservoirs has a high salt content of up to 231,000 ppm, Saudi oil fields are almost always susceptible to formation damage when flooded with seawater (about 38,500 ppm). The productive behavior of a reservoir can be affected by clay crystals developed within rock pores.

  7. SCOPE CHINA SCOPE CHINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wei Hua

    SCOPE CHINA SCOPE CHINA 92030006 86-351-7010700 86-351-7010700 E-mail: scope #12;SCOPE-ZHONGYU ENvirONmENtal FOrUm 2012 October 11-14, 2012 Taiyuan, Shanxi Province, China Chair of Environmental Development Dr. Shu Sun, Academician, President of SCOPE CAST China Former Vice President

  8. area saudi arabia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Saudi Arabia Hotel Industry CiteSeer Summary: Abstract The costs of resources and impacts of waste could obviously affect the revenue, public image and environmental...

  9. Saudi Aramco describes crisis oil flow hike

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    On Aug. 2, 1990, Iraqi forces invaded Kuwait and triggered one of the most severe crises in the world's oil supplies since World War II. Within a few days of the invasion, Iraqi and Kuwaiti oil exports were embargoed, and almost 4.6 million b/d oil of production was removed from world markets. This shortfall amounted to about 20% of total Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries production at the time and could have proven disastrous to the world's industrial and financial well-being. However, there was no disruption to the major economies of the world. This paper reports that the primary reason for the cushioning of this impact was the massive expansion in production undertaken by Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco).

  10. Saudi Arabia: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on the Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco), the only operator in the country, that has accelerated its production expansion program aimed at boosting capacity from the current 8.5 million bpd to 10 million bpd. Initially expected to be completed by 1999, it now appears a sustainable 10 million bpd rate may be attainable by 1996. By this time next year, at least nine major onshore projects will have been started as well as five offshore. Included will be development of Hawtah, the initial oil discovery in the Central province south of Riyadh. The program also means significantly increased drilling. In fact, 1991 completions should easily double those of last year.

  11. NASA Remote Sensing Validation Data: Saudi Arabia

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Myers, Daryl R. [NREL; Al-Abbadi, Naif [King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Energy Research Institite; Wilcox, Steve [NREL

    Since 1995, the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have co-operated to establish a 12 station network of high quality solar radiation monitoring installations across the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. NREL and KACST realized the value of accurate surface solar radiation flux measurements for validation of satellite derived surface and atmospheric solar radiation flux measurements, and is making this data available to support validation of satellite data products related to the NASA Mission to Planet Earth component of the Earth Science Enterprise Earth Observing System (EOS) project to evaluate long term climate trends based on measuements from EOS Terra Platforms. A CIMEL 8 channel sunphotometer for measuring aerosol optical depth at 6 wavelengths and total column water has been deployed at the Solar Village station since February 24, 1999. [Taken from http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/new_data/Saudi_Arabia/

  12. Saudi production capacity climbing to 10 million b/d

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Saudi Arabia this year is completing its expansion of production capacity and developing recent discoveries to enhance export flexibility. The 3 million b/d capacity expansion to 10 million b/d, announced in 1989, is on target for completion by year end 1994. Most of the effort involves restoration of mothballed production equipment and installation of several gas-oil separation plants (GOSPs) in existing fields. But Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) also this year will start up production of extra-light oil from a new field in the central part of the kingdom. Start-up of Hawtah area production demonstrates success of an oil search Aramco began after receiving exclusive exploration rights to nearly all of Saudi Arabia's prospective area in 1986. From new fields and traditional producing areas, therefore, Saudi Arabia has the potential to expand production capacity beyond 10 million b/d. The paper describes the development of the extra capacity.

  13. Maneki-Neko Team Description for Iran Open UAV 2013 -Teheran, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Arnoud

    Maneki-Neko Team Description for Iran Open UAV 2013 - Teheran, Iran Intelligent Autonomous Systems the competition. One of those teams was the UvA Drone Team. The Dutch team participating at the Iran Open 2013 to perception and control algorithms which leaded to this frame- work. The Iran Open 2013 gives the possibility

  14. Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistma AG Jump638324°, -122.0230146° Show MapSasolSatlujSaudi

  15. Improving fractionation lowers butane sulfur level at Saudi gas plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harruff, L.G.; Martinie, G.D.; Rahman, A. [Saudi Arabian Oil Co., Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1998-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Increasing the debutanizer reflux/feed ratio to improve fractionation at an eastern Saudi Arabian NGL plant reduced high sulfur in the butane product. The sulfur resulted from dimethyl sulfide (DMS) contamination in the feed stream from an offshore crude-oil reservoir in the northern Arabian Gulf. The contamination is limited to two northeastern offshore gas-oil separation plants operated by Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) and, therefore, cannot be transported to facilities outside the Eastern Province. Two technically acceptable solutions for removing this contaminant were investigated: 13X molecular-sieve adsorption of the DMS and increased fractionation efficiency. The latter would force DMS into the debutanizer bottoms.

  16. Application of Well-Based Surrogate Reservoir Models (SRMs) to Two Offshore Fields in Saudi Arabia, Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    ., Jim Liu, Saudi Aramco, Razi Gaskari, and Mohammad Maysami, Intelligent Solutions, Inc., and Olugbenga Olukoko, Saudi Aramco Copyright 2012, Society of Petroleum Engineers This paper was prepared

  17. Support for court-yard houses : Riyad, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbar, Jamel A

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this report is to explore the application of the support concept in the Saudi Arabian context, as a result of the author's interest in the concept of user participation. To do so, the following steps were ...

  18. Chinas Challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In line with its aim to meet growing energy demand while shifting away from coal, China has set an ambitious goal of doubling its use of natural gas from 2011 levels by 2015. Prospects are good for significant new supplies both domestic and imported, conventional and unconventional to come online in the medium term, but notable challenges remain, particularly concerning gas pricing and the institutional and regulatory landscape. While Chinas circumstances are, in many respects unique, some current issues are similar to those a number of IEA countries have faced. This report highlights some key challenges China faces in its transition to greater reliance on natural gas, then explores in detail relevant IEA experience, particularly in the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, the European Union, and the United States. Preliminary suggestions about how lessons learned in other countries could be applied to Chinas situation are offered as well. The aim is to provide stakeholders in China with a useful reference as they consider decisions about the evolution of the gas sector in their country. PARTNER COUNTRY SERIES

  19. Aramco gears for mature saudi production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bleakley, W.B.

    1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aramco is encountering the condition of maturing production in some of its prolific fields. A new Exploration and Petroleum Engineering Center and other modern facilities will assist Aramco engineers in solving problems of water production, artificial lift, fluid injection, and others associated with normal reservoir depletion. The Aramco producing operation in Saudi Arabia is in 2 main parts--northern and southern. Reservoirs in the northern part (largely off shore) are generally sandstone, while those to the south are carbonate. The current trend is to produce fields according to reserves, which still gives Ghawar field a huge edge. However, offshore fields are being developed to increase production of medium to heavy crude to replace light from Ghawar to reach the goal of balanced production and reserves. Most of the older fields are under water injection to increase oil recovery. Permeabilities are high, and peripheral patterns are used, with injection wells safely outside the oil-water contacts.

  20. Iran-US Relations: At a New Cross Roads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pahlavi, Reva

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    These are the true voice of Iran! These are the people thatYou must let the youth of Iran know that they are not alone,society. Indeed, many in Iran credit the robust movement of

  1. Face to Face and Street to Street: An Exploration of the Benefits and Perils of Transnational Feminist Practices for Irans One Million Signatures Campaign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKibben, Susan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Keddie & R. Matthee (Eds. ), Iran and the Surrounding World.Muslim Societies: The Cases of Iran and Azerbaijan. Journal2001). Women's Strategies in Iran from the 1979 Revolution

  2. Status of Iran's nuclear program and negotiations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, David [President, Institute for Science and International Security (ISIS), 236 Massachusetts Avenue, NE 305, Washington, DC 20002 (United States)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Iran's nuclear program poses immense challenges to international security. Its gas centrifuge program has grown dramatically in the last several years, bringing Iran close to a point where it could produce highly enriched uranium in secret or declared gas centrifuge plants before its breakout would be discovered and stopped. To reduce the risk posed by Iran's nuclear program, the P5+1 have negotiated with Iran short term limits on the most dangerous aspects of its nuclear programs and is negotiating long-term arrangements that can provide assurance that Iran will not build nuclear weapons. These long-term arrangements need to include a far more limited and transparent Iranian nuclear program. In advance of arriving at a long-term arrangement, the IAEA will need to resolve its concerns about the alleged past and possibly on-going military dimensions of Iran's nuclear program.

  3. Prevalence and Correlates of Hepatitis C Infection among Male Injection Drug Users in Detention, Tehran, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Brie?ng Paper Eight, Thedrug users (IDUS) in Mashhad, Iran. International Journal ofof Hammadan prison (Iran, 1998). Journal of Research in

  4. The New Majority: A View into the Motivations and Aspirations Of Iran's Women in Higher Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kheiltash, Omid

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are wasted in Iran. Arkiv 2003. Retrieved Esfandiari, G. (2003). Iran: Number of Female Higher Education in Iran? Presentation at CIES

  5. Analysis of 15 years of skin cancer in central Iran (Yazd)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noorbala, Mohammad Taghi; Kafaie, P

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    evaluation in center of Iran. Pejoohesh in medical scienceskin cancer in central Iran (Yazd) Mohammad Taghi NoorbalaScience University of Yazd, Iran. mtnoorbala@gmail.com

  6. IRAN: laboratory test bench for hypertelescope pupil-plane recombination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liske, Jochen

    IRAN: laboratory test bench for hypertelescope pupil-plane recombination F. Allouchea,b, F. Vakilib-Antipolis, CNRS UMR 6525 Parc Valrose, 06108 Nice Cedex 2, France ABSTRACT In 2004, our group proposed IRAN-apertures illuminated by laser sources are recombined using the IRAN scheme. The validation of the IRAN recombination

  7. In China's Mirror

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barros de Castro, Antnio

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of California, Berkeley In Chinas Mirror * Antnio Barrosthe article No Espelho da China, which originally appearedThomas, Produtos Baratos da China Facilitam a Vida de

  8. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chinas domestic oil supply will peak, and demand Robertpeak will come around 2020, 24 and that by this point, Chinas demand Oil

  9. Saudi Aramco details 1990 surge in oil production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on Saudi Arabian Oil Co. that has jumped its crude oil production 29% to an average 6,257,600 b/d last year. That was Saudi Arabia's response to Iraq's Aug. 2, 1990, invasion of Kuwait and the ensuing Persian Gulf crisis with its United Nations embargo on Iraqi and Kuwaiti oil exports. It was Saudi Aramco's biggest average crude oil volume since the 6,327,220 b/d gauged in 1982, according to the company's 1990 annual report. By the end of 1990 Saudi Aramco's maximum sustained production capability was 8.5 million b/d of crude. To meet long term demand, it decided to advance the timetable and increase the scope of a crude oil expansion program adopted in 1989. Reserves at the end of the year were 257.9 billion bbl of crude and 180.5 tcf of dissolved, associated, and non-associated natural gas, compared with 257.5 billion bbl and 180.355 tcf at yearend 1989.

  10. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE IN THE KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Zaid, Ahmad Abdulaziz

    2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    , Companies Act's provisions which describe the function, effect, scope and what they fall short of by themselves and/or within other rules forming the system of corporate governance in Saudi Arabia. In addition, there has been little to no treatment...

  11. KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & MINERALS Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

    Rocks By Dr. Sidqi A. Abu-Khamsin Professor, Department of Petroleum Engineering © Copyright by Dr;1. INTRODUCTION 1.1: The nature of petroleum All chemical compounds found in nature are classified as eitherKING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & MINERALS Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Basic Properties of Reservoir

  12. AMERICAN POLICY AND IRAN'S NUCLEAR PROGRAMME: THE CHINA ANALOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinke, Dietmar

    . The first Chinese nuclear test explosion took place in October 1964, thus breaking into the monopoly held, the PRC had become the rogue state par excellence. What it might do when it acquired nuclear weapons sent against Chinese nuclear facilities (though use of nuclear weapons was an extra option to assure

  13. Nationalities of China Province of China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xiang

    Outline Nationalities of China Province of China Language of China #12;Nationalities of China 56 of China A province is an administrative division of China. 33 province level divisions. 22 Provinces 4-level cities in China direct- controlled by the central government Beijing Tianjin Shanghai Chongqing #12

  14. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2008) 5 Figure 1-6 Chinas SolarFigure 1-6). Figure 1-6 Chinas Solar Resources 3,200hs andin rural areas. China has abundant solar resources that can

  15. Contemporary China Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einmahl, Uwe

    Contemporary China Studies Postgraduate #12;Programme: Contemporary China Studies Postgraduate1 Chinese - Level 2 5 2 Basic vocabulary & grammar Dealing with China: 3 1 Intercultural management China's political constellation and its impact on business life Human resources issues for China

  16. Gas custody measurement accuracy improved in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ali, I. (Saudi Arabian Oil Co., Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1994-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    To comply with new and more accurate gas measurement standards, Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) modified software for existing flow computers and installed an on-line gas chromatograph for measuring natural gas and ethane-rich gas sales. For gases of varying composition (e.g., ethane-rich gas), a knowledge of the pressure, volume, and temperature (PVT) relationship is required for determining supercompressibility factors. The BWR-Starling equation of state was determined to best represent ethane-rich gas properties and is programmed in the new flow computers. The paper discusses gas sales, previous installations, previous calculations, revised calculations, application to ethane-rich gas, the orifice-flow constant, and field modifications of computers.

  17. Application of Surrogate Reservoir Model (SRM) to an Onshore Green Field in Saudi Arabia; Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    Aramco, Razi Gaskari and Mohammad Maysami, Intelligent Solutions, Inc. and Olugbenga A. Olukoko, Saudi Aramco Copyright 2012, Society of Petroleum Engineers This paper was prepared for presentation field using Saudi Aramco's in-house POWERSTM simulator. The geological model that serves

  18. Influence of mineralogy on swelling and consolidation of soils in eastern Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Influence of mineralogy on swelling and consolidation of soils in eastern Saudi Arabia Shahid Azam Saudi Arabia. Mineralogical evolution and engineering behaviour of such soils are governed by local investigations, this paper discusses the influence of mineralogy on swelling and consolidation of expansive clay

  19. UN Security Council: Iran violating ban on nuclear weapons programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UN Security Council: Iran violating ban on nuclear weapons programs 7 September 2011 Denouncement comes after International Atomic Energy Agency submits a report claiming Iran continues to make advances denounced Iran's failure to abide by United Nations resolutions demanding an end to the possible

  20. China's Dream Army

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MILLER, Joseph

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Study of Innovation and Technology in China AN IGCC PROJECTleaders/21577070-vision-chinas- new-president-should-serve-In Case You Missed It: China Dream. The China Beat, April

  1. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    21, 2008. Ying, Wang. China, Venezuela firms to co-developoilfields. China Daily (27 August 2005) http://David and Bi Jianhai. Chinas Global Hunt for Energy.

  2. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    International Energy Agency (IEA), Chinas Worldwide QuestSecurity, (Paris: OCED/IEA, 2000), 74. Thomas Woodrow, TheInternational Energy Agency (IEA), Chinas Worldwide Quest

  3. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2-1). In addition to attaining oil resources, Chinas energyWith limited domestic oil resources, Chinas major oilgrowth, limited crude oil resources and the late development

  4. China's Dream Army

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MILLER, Joseph

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in China Study of Innovation and Technology in China AN IGCCOffice. SITC Study of Innovation and Technology in ChinaStudy of Innovation and Technology in China AN IGCC PROJECT

  5. China Business Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einmahl, Uwe

    China Business Development Postgraduate Programme #12;Programme: China Business Development with China: Intercultural Management 3 1 Daily life and business behaviour explained from a cultural perspective Chinese strategic thinking China's political constellation and its impact on business life Human

  6. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    refer to IEA (2007), World Energy Outlook 2007: China andIEA (2007), World Energy Outlook 2007: China and India

  7. Yanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifang SwisselectronicXian JieliYanbu, Saudi Arabia:

  8. China's Civil-Military Integration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LAFFERTY, Brian; SHRABERG, Aaron; CLEMENS, Morgan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chinas civil-military integration, and Chinas high tech2013 Chinas Civil-Military Integration Brian LAFFERTY Aarons pursuit of civil-military integration (CMI) intensified in

  9. Hythane project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hythane project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction Corporation...

  10. Evolution of gas processing industry in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Showail, A.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The beginning of the natural gas processing industry in Saudi Arabia is traced back to 1959 when Aramco embarked on a program to recover natural gas liquids (NGL) for export from low pressure gases such as stabilizer overhead, spheroid, tank farm, and refinery off-gases. The processing scheme involves compression and refrigeration to extract C3+ raw NGL, a raw NGL gathering system, and a fractionation plant to separate propane, butane, and natural gasoline. NGL extracted in Abqaiq and Ras Tanura is moved to Ras Tanura for fractionation, storage, and export. The system, built in several increments, has total design capacity of 500 MMscfd of feed gases to produce 320,000 bpd of NGL composed of 40% propane, 30% butane, and 30% natural gasoline. Phase II of the Saudi gas program envisages collection and processing of associated gas produced with Arabian medium and heavy crude oils largely in the northern onshore and offshore fields. Further domestic development may focus on more diversification in gas product utilization and on upgrading to higher value products.

  11. International Opportunities.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Jim

    contact Jon Inegbedion: Libya, Egypt, Turkey, Iraq, Iran Rami Al Mousa: Jordan, Bahrain, Saudi, Qatar

  12. The New York Times covers "National Labs Race to Stop Iran"

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The New York Times covers "National Labs Race to Stop Iran" The New York Times covers "National Labs Race to Stop Iran" Given the stakes in the sensitive negotiations with Iran,...

  13. A Report on Smoking Advertising and Promotion Bans in The lslamic Republic of Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization; Ministry of Health and Medical Education Deputy of Health

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    increase tobacco use in the Islamic Republic of Iran.The Islamic Republic of Iran Ministry of Health and MedicalCommittee Islamic Republic of Iran World Health Organization

  14. Waterpipe smoking among health sciences university students in Iran: perceptions, practices and patterns of use.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghafouri, Nasim; Hirsch, Jan D; Heydari, Gholamreza; Morello, Candis M; Kuo, Grace M; Singh, Renu F

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HA, colleagues: I.R. Iran global youth tobacco survey (GYTS)www.who.int/tobacco/surveillance/Iran%20GYTS2007% 20final%sciences university students in Iran: perceptions, practices

  15. Comparison of biological and chemical phosphorus fertilizers on rapeseed yield in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madani, hamid; Kelarestaghi, Kioomars Bakhsh; Malboobi, Mohammad Ali

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PSB) on Potato Yield at Iran Environment. Procceding of 18Arak Islamic Azad University, Iran (Table 1) in the 2006/07Arak Islamic Azad University, Iran. Physical properties 0-30

  16. The meeting point : rethinking public space in the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abuzeid, Reem

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Can urban intervention affect social behaviors within a city? And if so, what happens when that city is partial to cultural restrictions? The target in question here is the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The dilemma is that ...

  17. Stakeholder value network analysis for the energy system of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alonso, Francisco J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Saudi Arabia is experiencing a considerable escalation in its consumption of electricity, provoked by economic progress and population increase. Such an escalation threatens the economic output of the Kingdom: more oil and ...

  18. Aggregate model and analysis of the energy dynamics in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ahmed, Khalid A. (Khalid Abdulrahim)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is facing a crisis in the near future centered on increasing energy consumption. Today, the kingdom consumes approximately 1/3 of its oil production. If no action is taken and the kingdom continues ...

  19. Renewable success : development of good architecture in the case of Arriyadh Development Authority, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alkhabbaz, Mohammed H

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ArRiyadh Development Authority (ADA) is an unusual city development authority within the Saudi Arabian government hierarchy. Part of its responsibilities is coordinating and overseeing the design and building of buildings ...

  20. Bionomics of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the province of Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doha, Said Abdallah; Samy, Abdallah Mohammed

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The bionomics of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) were studied for two successive years (January 1996-December 1997) at 12 collecting stations representing six sectors of the province of Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia. The predominant species...

  1. First record of Chiasmognathus from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Hymenoptera, Apidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alqarni, Abdulaziz S.; Hannan, Mohammed A.; Hinojosa-Dí az, Ismael A.; Engel, Michael S.

    2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The cleptoparasitic bee genus Chiasmognathus Engel (Nomadinae: Ammobatini) is recorded from Saudi Arabia for the first time. Chiasmognathus nearchus Engel was previously known from specimens collected in the United Arab ...

  2. Oil and diplomacy: the evolution of American foreign policy in Saudi Arabia, 1933-1945

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casillas, R.J.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the transformation of American foreign policy in Saudi Arabia between the years 1933 and 1945. At the beginning of this period American-Saudi relations were negligible. However, by the end of World War II in 1945, American policy-makers had concluded that the Saudi Kingdom was a nation vital to America's long-term economic and strategic interests. This remarkable official about face was the result of several factors including the potential of Saudi Arabian oilfields, the shifting priorities of Washington policy-makers and the lobbying efforts of a Saudi-based American commercial concern, the Arabian American Oil Company (ARAMCO). ARAMCO entered Saudi Arabia in 1933. As the only all-American oil concession in the Middle East they feared European, especially British, interference in their operations. To forestall this possibility, real or imagined, the oilmen turned to Washington for help. Although official assistance was not immediately forthcoming, ARAMCO did find support in the Near Eastern Affairs Division (NEA) of the Department of State.

  3. De Gaulle en Iran (octobre 1963): Le voyage oubli.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    De Gaulle en Iran (octobre 1963): Le voyage oublié. Dernière version avant publication dans la nouveau "normales" entre les démocraties occidentales et l'Iran. L'accession au pouvoir du modéré Khatami'esquisser en Iran. Une longue parenthèse serait ainsi appelée à se résorber, permettant de relancer

  4. Three dimensional geologic modeling of a fractured reservoir, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luthy, S.T.; Grover, G.A. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A geological assessment of a large carbonate reservoir in Saudi Arabia shows that it is a Type 2 fractured reservoir in which fractures provide the essential permeability. Intercrystalline microporosity, found within the basinally deposited mudstones and wackestones, is the dominant porosity type. Near-vertical, east-west-oriented extension fractures are preferentially localized in low-to-moderate porosities associated with stylolites. Porosity/fracture density relationships, combined with the results of structural curvature mapping, yielded a 3-dimensional model of fracture density. Fracture permeability and fracture porosity distributions were generated by integrating fracture density modeling results with average fracture aperture information derived from well test data. Dramatic differences exist between matrix- and fracture-related porosity, permeability models that help explain observed production behavior within the field. These models are being used by reservoir and simulation engineers for daily reservoir management, history matching, and long-term development drilling planning.

  5. Simulation effectively sites surge-relief facilities on Saudi pipeline

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dempsey, J.J.; Al-Gouhi, A.H. (Saudi Arabian Oil Co., Dhahrain (Saudi Arabia))

    1993-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Pipeline hydraulic and surge analysis studies of the Saudi Aramco East-West crude-oil pipeline assisted in expanding the system's capacity by 50%. Surge studies predicted that operational upsets, such as the trip of a pump station, cause excessive surge pressures in the pipeline system at new flow rates. Additional surge studies showed that surge-relief stations must be located downstream from each of six pump stations. The new surge-relief stations and an increase in capacity of existing surge-relief stations protect the pipelines at the higher flow rates. The paper describes modeling the system, the analysis of the hydraulics, surge analysis, acoustic transit times, relief valve simulation, surge-relief protection, surge-relief stations, station locations, simulation results, tank sizing, and valve testing.

  6. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commission (NDRC), China, http://zhangguobao.ndrc.gov.cn/of Land and Resources, China, January 19, 2009, http://NewsShow.asp? NewsID=10650. 6 China Energy Group (October

  7. Japan's China Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TAKAHASHI, Sugio

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    11, JANUARY 2012 Japans China Strategy Sugio TAKAHASHIAsia with the ascendancy of China as a world economic power.War policy of shaping China into a model country while

  8. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    unfettered access to oil resources including the possibleChinas search for oil resources around the world. However,a survey of Chinas oil resources, while others focus

  9. China's Political Uses of Seapower

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    YOSHIHARA, Toshi

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BRIEF 2013-6, APRIL 2013 Chinas Political Uses of Seapowerassertiveness in the South China Seas is a harbinger ofdividends that advance Chinas larger aims at sea. The Study

  10. China's Civil-Military Integration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LAFFERTY, Brian; SHRABERG, Aaron; CLEMENS, Morgan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    industrial development plans, China hopes that civilianin primary source research on Chinas defense-related S&Tresearch interests in- clude Chinas defense-related S&T

  11. China's Nuclear Industry After Fukushima

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    YUAN, Jingdong

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brief 2013-9 January 2013 Chinas Nuclear Industry Aftera significant impact on the future of Chinas nuclear power.the importance of safety as China builds more nuclear power

  12. Trip to China

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    to China By row boat or by plane... 16 hours later Linda Field Patent Counsel Department of Energy Destination: Wuhan, China Purpose: Innovation Promotion in CERC - IP Clarity &...

  13. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    s Energy Administration .30same time, the National Energy Administration has agreed toRegulation Chinas energy administration has operated in a

  14. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Will Start Its State Oil Reserve, JOGMEC, February 4, 2005.s Proved Oil Reserves (2008) . 215 Table 2-3 Chinas Current Strategic Oil Reserve

  15. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Regulation ..power reactor (AP-1000) 2. Energy Regulation Chinas energys Renewable Energy Law and Regulations, Center for Renewable

  16. Case Study: Iran, Islam, the NPT, and the Bomb

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saunders, E .

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goals of this case study are: (1) To examine the correlation between Iran's nuclear program and clerical statements; (2) To evaluate the importance of these statements; (3) To understand the relationship between policy and fatwas (Islamic decrees); (4) To address the issue of a 'nuclear fatwa'; and (5) To examine how, if at all, Sharia (Islamic law) has influenced Iran's actions or inactions with respect to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and Iran's adherence to its IAEA Safeguards Agreements and the Additional Protocol. The Islamic Republic of Iran (hereinafter Iran) is one of two theocracies in the world, the second being Vatican City. Iran's government derives its constitutional, moral, and political legitimacy from Islam. As a result of this theocratic culture, rules are set and interpreted with a much different calibrator than that of the Western world. Islam affects all aspects of Iranian life. This is further complicated by the fact that Islam is not a nationalistic faith, in that many people all over the world believe in and adhere to Islamic principles. As a result, a political system that derives much of its fervor from being nationalistic is caught between two worlds, one within the land boundaries of Iran and the other within a faith that transcends boundaries. Thus, any understanding of Islamic law must first be understood within this delicate balance of nationalism and transcendence. Iran has found itself on the international stage concerning its nuclear program. Because Iran is a theocratic state, it is imperative to examine its political moves, speeches, rights, and obligations through the lens of Islam. This study will examine how Islam plays a role in Iran's dealing with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), its understanding of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), including parties obligations under Safeguards Agreements and the Additional Protocol, and also provide a recommendation on how to move forward in dealings with Iran based in part on an understanding of Islamic principles.

  17. ardabil iran functional: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ardabil iran functional First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 CHRTIENSD'IRAN...

  18. First evidence for large earthquakes4 on the Deshir Fault, Central Iran Plateau5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Nazari H. 1 , Fattahi M. 2,3,4 , Meyer B. 5 , Sbrier M. 5 , Talebian M. 1 ,9 Foroutan M. 1 , Le Dortz K of Iran, Po Box:13185-1494,Teheran-Iran.13 email: nazari@gsi-iran.org, talebian@gsi-iran.org, foroutan

  19. Escherichia coli: a brief review of diarrheagenic pathotypes and their role in diarrheal diseases in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in Iran Jafari A1 , Aslani MM2* , Bouzari S1,3* 1 Molecular Biology Unit, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran. 2 Bacteriology Department, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran. 3 National Escherichia coli, Aslani MM Address: Molecular Biology Unit, Pasteur Institute of Iran. National Escherichia coli Reference

  20. The Frequency of DYT1 (GAG Deletion) Mutation in Primary Dystonia Patients from Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    The Frequency of DYT1 (GAG Deletion) Mutation in Primary Dystonia Patients from Iran Mohammad Hamid. Molecular Medicine Division, Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran 2. Medical Genetics Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran 3

  1. Iran`s petroleum policy: Current trends and the future outlook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pezeshki, S.; Fesharaki, F.

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Iranian economy and political situation have undergone radical changes since the 1979 Islamic revolution. The excesses of the early years of the revolution have gradually given way to moderation and a more pragmatic economic policy--based on the principles of the free market. The petroleum policy, as a subset of the economic policies, has been somewhat affected by the political and economic developments in Iran. The petroleum policy has changed from a position of no foreign participation to a position that includes a desire for foreign participation, the text of a model contract, and an attempt to introduce new technologies in the upstream sector. This report provides an overview of the key issues facing the Iranian oil industry and the economic context in which the oil industry is operating in Iran. It describes the evolution of policies meant to move the oil industry toward the free market; it discusses Iran`s oil trading partners, the outlook for refining and project investments, and current and likely future developments in the natural gas and petrochemical sectors. In short, the report provides an up-to-date assessment of the Iranian petroleum sector and its likely evolution in the future.

  2. SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and Nanosystems, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100083, China; 2 Institute of Theoretical Physics, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China; 3 School of Material Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute

  3. ESCO Industry in China

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Information about the development, achievements, and functions of the China Energy Conservation project and ESCO.

  4. SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simons, Jack

    SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Density-functional-theory formulation of classical and quantum Hooke's law. Sci China Tech Sci, 2014, 57- sider an equilibrium lattice without strain (=0), but elec- #12;Hu H, et al. Sci China Tech Sci April

  5. . RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    . RESEARCH PAPER . SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences January 2013, Vol. 56 012104:1012104:10 doi: 10.1007/s11432-012-4616-5 c Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012 info, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; 2Beijing Aerospace Control Center, Beijing 100094, China; 3

  6. China Energy Primer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2009-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on extensive analysis of the 'China Energy Databook Version 7' (October 2008) this Primer for China's Energy Industry draws a broad picture of China's energy industry with the two goals of helping users read and interpret the data presented in the 'China Energy Databook' and understand the historical evolution of China's energy inustry. Primer provides comprehensive historical reviews of China's energy industry including its supply and demand, exports and imports, investments, environment, and most importantly, its complicated pricing system, a key element in the analysis of China's energy sector.

  7. Iranian-Israeli tensions: Could war engulf the By JOHN LANTIGUA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belogay, Eugene A.

    is energy- related, Israel and international inspectors suspect the Iranians are developing nuclear weapons of China and Russia in the region. Elections are due in the U.S., Israel and Iran in the next two years change the entire political equation. Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Jordan would follow - the domino effect

  8. Where is the North ChinaSouth China block boundary in eastern China?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Where is the North ChinaSouth China block boundary in eastern China? Michel Faure, Wei Lin of the North China and South China blocks. The eastern extension of the belt (the Sulu area) consists and the lack of ocean-basin rock shows that the boundary between the North China block and South China block

  9. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum, 1995. China's biomass, solar, wind, tidal, anda focus of China's rural power development, with solar waterPassive solar design has been incor- II-6 China Energy

  10. China's Space Robotic Arms Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    POLLPETER, Kevin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SITC Study of Innovation and Technology in ChinaStudy of Innovation and Technology in China AN IGCC PROJECTand-security/innovation-and-technology-in-china/sitc-

  11. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advertising Co. China Automotive Industry Corporation andQiche Gongye Nianjian (China Automotive Industry Yearbook).Board of the China Automotive Industry Yearbook. Editorial

  12. Iran Oil and Gas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii | OpenSuperior Wind FarmIowa/WindIran Oil and

  13. Iran: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii | OpenSuperior Wind FarmIowa/WindIran Oil

  14. Applications of the Array Induction Tool in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zainalabedin, K.A. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia); Cao Minh, C.

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since its introduction in Saudi Arabia in 1993, the Array Induction Tool (AIT) has been run extensively in a wide variety of petrophysical environments. These include fresh mud, salty mud, high and low resistivity formations, hydrocarbon-bearing or water-bearing reservoirs in carbonates and clastics sequences. In some examples, the AIT was also run in conjunction with the Phasor Induction (PI) or Dual-Laterolog for comparison purpose. As with any resistivity device, the AIT`s primary product, an accurate Rt measurement, should not be overlooked. However, owing to the AIT`s multiple vertical resolutions and depths of investigation, the authors found that the tool yields additional information about the reservoirs that is not possible with older induction tools. The AIT improves the estimation of Rt in cases of thin laminations, complex invasion profiles or when the borehole correction is critical (wash-out, salty mud, high resistivity). In many instances, permeable beds that are invaded are much easier to identify with the AIT than with dual depths of investigation induction or laterolog tools. a typical case is the interpretation of annulus. Finally, they show the AIT characteristic response in a thing magnetic marker.

  15. Gas sweetening in Saudi Arabia in large dga plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huval, M.; Van De Venne, H.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors are concerned with the natural gas conditioning by using sweetening agent, diglycolamine or DGA, a trademark name for 2-(2-amino-ethoxy) ethanol or 2-2 hydroxy-ethylamine. This paper describes the use of DGA in Saudi Arabia, where Aramco has several DGA plants to treat large amounts of low pressure associated gas to 1/4 grain gas pipeline specification. The paper also describes the reasons why DGA was selected, some of the special features of these plants and the operating experiences to date. It is demonstrated that DGA is a very potent gas sweetening agent. Sour gases with H/sub 2/S concentrations ranging from 3-8% and with CO/sub 2/ concentrations ranging from 8-14% can be treated in a single contactor with 21 trays producing sweet gas containing 1-2 ppm H/sub 2/S and less than 100 ppm CO/sub 2/. Recommendations for practice are included.

  16. La France et l'Iran, des nations si lointaines et si proches 197 La France et l'Iran, des nations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    La France et l'Iran, des nations si lointaines et si proches 197 La France et l'Iran, des nations si lointaines et si proches Le recteur Gérard-François DUMONT* La France et l'Iran apparaissent comme'autre. Pour les Français, comme sans doute pour les autres Européens, penser ce pays asiatique qu'est l'Iran

  17. China's Nuclear Industry After Fukushima

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    YUAN, Jingdong

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2013-9 January 2013 Chinas Nuclear Industry After FukushimaMarch 2011 Fukushima nuclear accident has had a significanton the future of Chinas nuclear power. First, it highlights

  18. Chinas Space Industry in 2009:A Year in Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollpeter, Kevin

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of historic challenges. As Chinas leading space industryprob- lems associated with Chinas economic reforms. Inhas un- Kevin POLLPETER is China program manager at Defense

  19. The role of energy sector in sustainable development in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golabi, Zanyar

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Generally speaking, both supply and use of energy in Iran are unsustainable. The unsustainable energy supply and use coupled with an unreliable and unsecure energy system have striking and lasing impacts on economic, social ...

  20. area central iran: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    report of cercarial dermatitis from this region of Iran. A Farahnak; M Essalat 64 Post-Fire Debris-Flow Hazard Assessment of the Area Burned by the 2013 Beaver Creek Fire near...

  1. Early Islamic architecture in Iran (637-1059)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anisi, Alireza

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis discusses the architecture of early Islamic Iran (16-450/637-1059). To better understand the architectural history of this period, it is necessary to specify in detail how it took shape and to describe its ...

  2. Stratigraphy and sedimentation of the Unayzah reservoir, central Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Senalp, M.; Abdulaziz, A. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant reserves of Arabian super light oil, condensate, and associated gas occur in the various genetically different sandstone bodies of the upper Permian Unayzah and Khuff Formations in Central Saudi Arabia. The Unayzah Formation which rests unconformably on the older formations is composed of red colored, poorly sorted conglomerate, sandstone, siltstone, mudstone, caliche and nodular anhydrite. Facies changes occur due to the presence of various subenvironments and possible faulting and structural growth in the basin during deposition. However, the entire Unayzah Formation shows an overall fining and thinning-upward sequence. It was deposited as coalescing alluvial fans dominated by braided streams which graded into meandering stream and playa lakes under and to semi-arid conditions. Eolian processes were also inferred. A marked unconformity which is indicated by the occurrence of thick caliche and soil horizons separate the Unayzah and the overlying Khuff Formation. The Khuff Formation consists primarily of marine shale, marl, and fine- to very coarse-grained sandstones in the lower parts; shale, limestone, dolomite, and amhydrite in the upper parts. The sandstones were deposited as incised channel fills and their associated low stand deltaic sediments as a result of fluctuating sea level during the deposition of the Khuff Formation. The base of the incised channels represent a sequence boundary. Red colored and rooted paleosols were formed on the underlying marine sediments. During relative sea level rise, good quality reservoir sands were deposited by aggradation within the incised channels. Sand deposition within the channels terminated at the same time, and the area was covered by shallow marine limestones, shales and marls during maximum sea level highstand. Although the Unayzah reservoir occurs in both the Unayzah and the Khuff Formations because of their different geometry, continuity, and reservoir quality, they have been studied separately.

  3. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  4. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  5. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  6. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  7. afghanistan war coverage: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates...

  8. afghanistan introducing population: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates...

  9. 24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 34 Israel 1 68 Saudi Arabia 30

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 34 Israel 1 68 Saudi Arabia 30 COLLEGES (STUDENTS) ACADEMIC LEVELS France 10 57 Oman 1 TOTAL 1283 24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 25 Ghana 5 59 Palestine 1 26 Greece 2 60 Panama

  10. Role of Aramco in Saudi Arabian development: a case study of dependent development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rawls, L.W.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has proceeded along the path toward development while in a dependent relationship with the Arabian American Oil Company, Aramco. Development in a given country is defined as the process by which the living standards of the people who live in that country are raised. That process includes the development of physical and human infrastructure, economic growth, distribution of resources, and the maturation of society (including its ability to weather crisis, whether it be social or economic). Though it is by no means exhaustive on the subject of development in Saudi Arabia, this study focuses on Aramco's involvement in the socio-economic elements of development in Saudi Arabia, as these are the direct impacts of development upon which the Saudi five-year development plans focus. Employing the theoretical framework of dependent development as adapted by Timothy Luke to the OPEC countries' development experience in the international energy regime, this study serves in part as an in-depth case study of Luke's thesis.

  11. Energy Expenditure and Water Flux of Ruppell's Foxes in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Jos. B.

    . Introduction The environments of hot deserts can include periods of high ambient air temperature (Ta479 Energy Expenditure and Water Flux of Ru¨ppell's Foxes in Saudi Arabia Joseph B. Williams1 and total evaporative water loss (TEWL), parameters mea- sured in the laboratory, and a reduced field

  12. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chun (2008), Chinas Wind-Power Generation Policy and Market67 Figure 2-29 Wind Power Generation Capacity by Province (By 2010, on-grid wind power generation capacity will reach 5

  13. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    firms to co-develop oilfields. China Daily (27 Augustof a Chinese-controlled oilfield may indicate this to be thefirms to co-develop oilfields, China Daily, 27 August 2005,

  14. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    current pace of growth in oil demand as staying consistentthis point, Chinas demand Oil Demand vs. Domestic Supply inand predictions of oil supply and demand affected foreign

  15. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    42 Figure 2-11 Crude Oil Production by Oilfield (1980-Stabilize the increase in crude oil production and implementSinopec CNOOC Chinas crude oil production increased from

  16. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    7 Table 1-3 Chinas Exploitable HydropowerGW of technically exploitable hydropower reserves capable ofTable 1-3). The major hydropower resources are in Southwest

  17. Shakespeare Studies in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Hui

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    , the characteristic of Shakespeare studies in China is closely associated with the political and cultural situation of the time. This thesis chronicles and analyzes noteworthy scholarship of Shakespeare studies in China, especially since the 1990s, in terms...

  18. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Michael T. Klare, Blood and Oil: The Dangers of AmericasDowns and Jeffrey A. Bader, Oil-Hungry China Belongs at BigChina, Africa, and Oil, (Council on Foreign Relations,

  19. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    42 Figure 2-11 Crude Oil Production by Oilfield (1980-for 44.8% of Chinas total oil production in 2006, a drop ofgas, a by-product of oil production, has been used primarily

  20. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Strategic Research Center of Oil and Gas Resources, Ministryand Myanmar Signed on Construction of Oil and Gas PipelineAgreements, China Oil and Gas Weekly News, China5E

  1. the uva meets china the uva meets china6 7 The UvA meets China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Rooij, Robert

    the uva meets china the uva meets china6 7 The UvA meets China Amsterdam University Press 9789089646156 The UvA meets China Collaboration with China has been designated a key strategic target contributions by various authors from both China and the Netherlands, particularly Amsterdam, on a wide range

  2. China reala Assinado protocolo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    Cavaco na China reala papel de emigrantes em Macau Assinado protocolo para promover trocas entre portugueses " factor essencial para a valorizao das relaes" com a China. "Podemos teste- munhar o sucesso China. Para o Presidente, cada emigrante por- tugus "um verdadeiro embai- xador de Portugal, um

  3. A Crude Threat :The Limits of an Iranian Missile Campaign against Saudi Arabian Oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Itzkowitz Shifrinson, Joshua

    The United States and its Persian Gulf allies have been increasingly concerned with the growing size and complexity of Iran's ballistic missile programs. At a time when the United States and its allies remain locked in a ...

  4. Search for Impact Craters in Iran: Citizen Science as a Useful Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pourkhorsandi, Hamed

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To recognition probable impact craters in Iran, we use Google Earth data in the first step. Some probable structures identified and studies suggest non-impact origin for them. Studies on other craters in Iran are in progress.

  5. REVIEW OF CHAPTER 23: OLD MOSSY AND THE STRUGGLE FOR IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    REVIEW OF CHAPTER 23: OLD MOSSY AND THE STRUGGLE FOR IRAN Chapter review broken out to assert his authority. Implications for Iran's oil. Along with his attempt to extend his political control, he sought to readjust the financial ties between Iran and the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, in a similar

  6. Extension in NW Iran driven by the motion of the South Caspian Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    Extension in NW Iran driven by the motion of the South Caspian Basin F. Masson a,, Y. Djamour b , S, Iran c International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Farmanieh, Dibaji, Arghavan St., N° 27, 19531 Tehran, Iran d Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts

  7. MHD Precursor to disruption in Iran Tokamak 1 Alireza Hojabri1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    MHD Precursor to disruption in Iran Tokamak 1 Alireza Hojabri1,2 , Mahmmod Ghoranneviss2 and Fatemeh Hajakbari1,2 Physics group, Islamic Azad University of Karaj 31485-313, Iran. Plasma Physics Research Center, Azad University, Tehran 14835-197,Iran The purpose of this paper is to further investigate

  8. Visit in Iran from August 23 to September 6, 2003 Michel Waldschmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    Visit in Iran from August 23 to September 6, 2003 by Michel Waldschmidt Introduction. In August of Mathematicians). There I met the representatives of Iran, Dr Mehdi Behzad, President of the Iranian Mathematical to Iran to go there. She helped me to contact the Director of this institute, Professor Youssef Sobuti

  9. Seismological evidence for crustal-scale thrusting in the Zagros mountain belt (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Seismological evidence for crustal-scale thrusting in the Zagros mountain belt (Iran) Anne Paul 1 Grenoble Cedex, France 2 International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran 3 that the crust of Zagros underthrusts the crust of central Iran along the MZT considered as a crustal

  10. Exploiting Two Intelligent Models to Predict Water Level: A field study of Urmia lake, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Exploiting Two Intelligent Models to Predict Water Level: A field study of Urmia lake, Iran Shahab. The measurements from a single tide gauge at Urmia Lake, Northwest Iran, were used to train and validate the GP of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran. Tel: 0098-411-3392786 Fax: 0098-411-3345332, (e-mail: sha- hab kvk66@yahoo

  11. A strong seismic velocity contrast in the shallow mantle across the Zagros collision zone (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (Iran) A. Kaviani 1, 2 , A. Paul 1 , E. Bourova 1 , D. Hatzfeld 1 , H. Pedersen 1 , M. Mokhtari 2 1 19395/3913, Tehran, Iran Revised version, 8 June 2007 Keywords: Zagros collision belt, lithospheric residuals in the Zagros Simple Folded Belt and positive residuals in Central Iran. This difference

  12. Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the origin of shallow slip on seismogenic faults. We derive the full vector displacement field due to the Bam, Iran, earthquake of moment on deformation associated with the Mw ¼ 6.5 Bam earthquake in Iran determined using the SAR data from the ERS

  13. GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    GPS network monitors the Arabia-Eurasia collision deformation in Iran F. Nilforoushan1 , F. Masson2 Department, National Cartographic Centre, PO Box 13185­1684, Meraj Ave, Tehran, Iran e-mail: f and Seismology, Farmanieh, Dibaji, Arghavan St., No. 27, 19531 Tehran, Iran Received: 22 July 2002 / Accepted: 26

  14. Deciphering oblique shortening of central Alborz in Iran using geodetic data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    Deciphering oblique shortening of central Alborz in Iran using geodetic data Ph. Vernanta,*, F 13185-1684, Meraj Av., Tehran, Iran Received 27 January 2004; received in revised form 16 April 2004 accommodates the differential motion between the Sanandaj­Sirjan zone in central Iran and the South Caspian

  15. Detrital zircon provenance of Neoproterozoic to Cenozoic deposits in Iran: Implications for chronostratigraphy and collisional tectonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horton, Brian K.

    Detrital zircon provenance of Neoproterozoic to Cenozoic deposits in Iran: Implications 14155-6455, Tehran, Iran d Department of Geology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA e provenance history of Iran. The results place improved chronological constraints on the age of earliest

  16. Comparison of soil seed banks of habitats distributed along an altitudinal gradient in northern Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Iran R. Erfanzadeh1,* , S.H. Hosseini Kahnuj1 , H. Azarnivand2 and J. Pétillon3 1 Rangeland Management Department, Faculty of Natural Resources, Tarbiat Modares University, Iran. 2 Rangeland Management Department, Faculty of Natural Resources, Tehran University, Iran. 3 URU 420 - Université de Rennes 1, UMR 7204

  17. Iran: Immigration and Visas Web Chat -Friday 22 June 2012 User Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Jeremy

    Iran: Immigration and Visas Web Chat - Friday 22 June 2012 User Message rojatafaroji hello to the University of Sheffield's 'Iran: Immigration and Visas' web chat. ghahhari88 Hello davood Hello Dear John'm khashayar the International Ambassador for Iran Internatioanal Student Ambassador _ Khashayar Welcome

  18. Low fault friction in Iran implies localized deformation for the ArabiaEurasia collision zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernant, Philippe

    Low fault friction in Iran implies localized deformation for the Arabia­Eurasia collision zone P velocity field of the present-day deformation in Iran is modeled using a 3-dimensional (3D) finite element of the kinematics in Iran, but the complex velocity field of the surrounding South Caspian basin cannot be fitted

  19. Some insight on why Bam (Iran) was destroyed by an earthquake of relatively moderate size

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    Some insight on why Bam (Iran) was destroyed by an earthquake of relatively moderate size Michel March 2006; accepted 29 March 2006; published 13 May 2006. [1] The Bam (Iran) earthquake of 2003. Hatzfeld, J. A. Jackson, and E. Haghshenas (2006), Some insight on why Bam (Iran) was destroyed

  20. ISSN 1735-1383 Iran. J. Immunol. June 2012, 9 (2), 86-97

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ISSN 1735-1383 Iran. J. Immunol. June 2012, 9 (2), 86-97 Fatemeh Roodbari, Farzaneh Sabahi, Mohamad and submission visit: www.iji.ir For assistance or queries, email: iji@sums.ac.ir #12;Roodbari F, et al Iran of Basic Sciences, 4 Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, 5 Department

  1. Phytologia (August 2012) 94(2) 219 TAXONOMY OF JUNIPERUS IN IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (August 2012) 94(2) 219 TAXONOMY OF JUNIPERUS IN IRAN: INSIGHT FROM DNA SEQUENCING_Adams@baylor.edu and Fatemeh Hojjati Dept. of Plant Sciences, University of Tehran, Box 14155-6455, Tehran, Iran ABSTRACT that junipers from the southern mountain ranges of Iran are very diverse. The combined NJ tree (3,705 bp) showed

  2. Phlebotomus perfiliewi transcaucasicus is circulating both Leishmania donovani and L. infantum in northwest Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in northwest Iran Mohammad Ali Oshaghi a,*, Naseh Maleki Ravasan b , Mallorie Hide c , Ezat-Aldin Javadian-6446, Iran b Department of Medical Parasitology and Entomology, College of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran c G'en'etique et Evolution des Maladies Infectieuses, IRD/CNRS (UMR 2724), F-34394

  3. Seismic imaging of the lithospheric structure of the Zagros mountain belt (Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    Seismic imaging of the lithospheric structure of the Zagros mountain belt (Iran) ANNE PAUL1*, DENIS International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Tehran, Iran 3 Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), PO Box 45195-1159, Zanjan, Iran *Corresponding author (e-mail: Anne

  4. Imagining Iran before Nationalism: Geocultural Meanings of Land in Azar's Atashkadeh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salzman, Daniel

    CHAPTER 5 Imagining Iran before Nationalism: Geocultural Meanings of Land in Azar's Atashkadeh MANA KIA Nationalist views ofIran are predicated on "a congruence 0fstate, society and culture years has detailed the various ways in which this process of imagining Iran as a national homeland

  5. NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 10 | JULY 2014 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 465 Science diplomacy in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    in Iran Warren E. Pickett, Anthony J. Leggett and Paul C. W. Chu Iranian scientists are growing increasingly isolated because of political tensions between Iran and the West. We attempt to alleviate been unwelcome during most of the ensuing 35 years. The strained political relationship between Iran

  6. Phytologia (December 2011) 93(3)316 IDENTIFICATON OF THE ELBURZ MOUNTAINS, IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (December 2011) 93(3)316 IDENTIFICATON OF THE ELBURZ MOUNTAINS, IRAN JUNIPER and Rangelands, Box 13185-116, Tehran, Iran ABSTRACT The utilization of 3,714 bp from four gene regions (nr the Elburz Mtns., Iran as Juniperus polycarpos var. polycarpos, not J. excelsa. The combined NJ tree (3

  7. POSTER PRESENTATION Open Access Lessons of 10 years experience on CCHF in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    POSTER PRESENTATION Open Access Lessons of 10 years experience on CCHF in Iran S Chinikar1* , SM of CCHF in the country. The Lab along with CDC of Iran (national health regulator) and Veterinary Committee on Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers (NECVHFs) for surveillance and control of CCHF in Iran. Methods Since

  8. U.S. Strategic Options towards Iran: Understanding the U.S.Iranian Relations through Iranian Domestic Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abernathy, Jacob; Blanco, David; Kingsley, Marlee; Kramer, Michael; Lopacka, Karolina; Mauel, Heather; Peacock, Mike; Stotts, Katherine; Varela, Marques; Young, Krysten

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    factional convergences to work with Iran on shared foreign policy objectives. 8 Deborah Amos, Irans Culture Wars: Whos Winning These Days, NPR, April 12, 2014, http://www.npr.org/blogs/parallels/2014/04/12/301777901/irans...

  9. Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4)288 Leaf essential oils of Juniperus in central and southern Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4)288 Leaf essential oils of Juniperus in central and southern Iran Tehran 14115-154, Iran. ABSTRACT Leaf essential oils from Juniperus from southern Iran were analyzed oils from southern Iran were mainly in two groups: high cedrol (cf. J. excelsa, J. polycarpos and J

  10. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS IRAN University of Art Isfahn 08.03.2007 http://www.aui.ac.ir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS IRAN University of Art Isfahn 08.03.2007 http://www.aui.ac.ir IRAN Isfahn University of Technology 08.03.2007 http://www.iut.ac.ir IRAN The University of Isfahn 15/03/2011 http://www.ui.ac.ir IRAN Shahid Bahonar University of Kermn 06.06.2005 http

  11. ELT in Iranian high schools in Iran, Malaysia and Japan 131 ELT in Iranian high schools in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    ELT in Iranian high schools in Iran, Malaysia and Japan 131 ELT in Iranian high schools in Iran teachers using prescribed textbooks at Iranian high schools in Iran, Japan and Malaysia. Based on my own testing instruments, influence how teachers use these textbooks. In Iran, the highly standardized national

  12. Surveying Chinas Science and Technology Human Talents Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    YANG, Fan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STUDY OF INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY IN CHINA RESEARCH BRIEFThe Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC) is ain Science and Technology Innovationwas es- tablished in

  13. Chinas Defense Electronics Industry: Innovation, Adaptation, and Espionage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mulvenon, James; Luce, Matthew

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2010 Chinas Defense Electronics Industry: Innovation,of the Chinese defense electronics sector can be attributedAdvanced defense electronics components and systems play a

  14. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Petroleum Resources of China. Washington D.C. , U.S.U.S. Department of Energy. A-4 China Energy Databook EnergyImproved Biomass Stoves in China: How Was It Done? E W C / E

  15. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercial Energy Consumption China TX-12 India Japan USAEnergy Consumption by Source, 1992 I.Mtce Country China India Japan USAEnergy Consumption by Source, 1992 I.Mtce Country Coal Liquid Gas China India* Japan USA

  16. How can we build an oil reserve without offending the Saudis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madison, C.

    1980-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Congress has ordered the Department of Energy to resume filling the strategic oil reserves at about the same 100,000 barrels of crude oil a day as the government fields at Elk Hills, California produce. Pressure to increase this amount while a world surplus exists will be strong, even though members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) have threatened to reduce their production if the US takes such action. The concept of a strategic reserve of 750 million barrels (a 90-day supply) first emerged as a way to separate foreign-policy decisions from foreign-oil supplies. The present level of 92 million barrels (12-13-days imports), however, has made the reserve a political issue. Delays were caused by a combination of site problems, budget cuts, market disruptions, and policy changes. The debate centers on timing - when the US should return to the market to continue filling the storage sites. US relations with Saudi Arabia are sensitive to Middle East peace agreements, the security of Saudi Arabian territory, and the security of Saudi Arabian production levels. The foreign-policy implications and their severity are disputed. (DCK)

  17. Key China Energy Statistics 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Growth of China's Total Primary Energy Production (TPE) byFuel (Mtce) Primary Energy Production (Mtce) AAGR Coal Rawof China's Total Primary Energy Production (Mtce) AAGR Total

  18. China's Space Robotic Arms Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    POLLPETER, Kevin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2013 Chinas Space Robotic Arm Programs Kevin POLLPETERdebris observation and space robotic arm technologies. Thelikely equipped with a robotic arm, grappling the target

  19. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    includes natural crude and shale oil. Source: China Energyincludes natural crude and shale oil. U Converted based onincludes natural crude and shale oil. Source: China Energy

  20. The kinematics of the Zagros Mountains (Iran) D. HATZFELD1*, C. AUTHEMAYOU24, P. VAN DER BEEK5, O. BELLIER2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    The kinematics of the Zagros Mountains (Iran) D. HATZFELD1*, C. AUTHEMAYOU2­4, P. VAN DER BEEK5, O Survey of Iran, PO Box 13185-1494, Tehran, Iran 8 International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, PO Box 19395/3913, Tehran, Iran 9 National Cartographic Center, PO Box 13185/1684, Tehran, Iran

  1. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy in Chinas overall energy mix, in February 2005 thehalf of the nations energy mix (Figure 2-3). Figure 2-3energy conversion has only slightly increased since 1980 with an increase of only 2.6 Mt, after overall fuel mix

  2. SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    SCIENCE CHINA Technological Sciences © Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg HU HongChang, TIAN FuQiang* & HU HePing Department of Hydraulic Engineering, State Key Laboratory as a key soil physical parameter and has been widely used to predict soil hydraulic and other related

  3. China Refrigerator Information Label

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBNL-246E China Refrigerator Information Label: Specification Development and Potential Impact Jianhong Cheng China National Institute of Standardization Tomoyuki Sakamoto The Institute of Energy by the United States Gov- ernment. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither

  4. China's Approaches to Financing Sustainable Development: Policies, Practices, and Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Bo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    composition of Chinas green energy investment portfolio.financing mechanisms for green energy development in China.Composition of Chinas green energy investment portfolio

  5. Will China's Vehicle Population Grow Even Faster than Forecasted?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yunshi; Teter, Jacob; Sperling, Daniel

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2011. Chinas Soaring Vehicle Population: Even Greater Thanversion, Chinas Soaring Vehicle Population: Even Greater2012. Modeling Future Vehicle Sales and Stock in China,

  6. Quick View Table 1: Enrollment by Degree or Program Type Intensive English (INTO OSU)1142 INTO OSU 1142

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    Count 109 Kuwait Cultural Office56 Sultanate Of Oman Count84 Saudi Arabia ARAMCO31 Iran Count 77 Libyan

  7. Taking the China Challenge: China and the Future of Latin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tufts University

    Taking the China Challenge: China and the Future of Latin American Economic Development Kevin P-author of the new book, The Dragon in the Room: China and the Future of Latin American Industrialization, Stanford University Press. The author would like to thank Elen Shrethsa for research as- sistance #12;Taking the China

  8. Aramco, the United States, and Saudi Arabia: a study of the dynamics of Foreign Oil Policy, 1933-1950

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, I.H.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A US oil policy towrad Saudi Arabia began emerging as the US moved from a net exporter of petroleum in the 1940s and as the US government realized that Saudi Arabia's vast reserves were under concession to an American Oil Company, Aramco. Anderson reconstructs the years between 1933 and 1950 and provides a case study of the evolution of US foreign oil policy and the complex relationships between the US government and the business world. He draws on diplomatic materials and corporate documents as well as interviews with former corporate and government officials to show that a de facto coalition of government agencies and oil companies had coalesced around the rapid development of Saudi oil by 1950. The policy grew out of a long series of confrontations among competing government agencies and domestic interest groups that finally produced a consensus and left policy implementation in the hands of private enterprise, setting the stage for the events to follow. 251 references, 9 tables.

  9. Land and Revolution in Iran, 1960-1980. By Eric J. Hooglund. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982. Pp. xvii+191. Notes, bibliography, and index. $19.95

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moshiri, Farrokh

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    S 1960-1980. By Eric in Iran, J. Hooglund. Austin: 1982. Pp.Hooglund's Land and Revolution Iran, in valuable addition toobjective economic, and Iran (1960), and a few articles in

  10. Groundwater depletion in the Middle East from GRACE with implications for transboundary water management in the Tigris-Euphrates-Western Iran region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voss, Katalyn A; Famiglietti, James S; Lo, MinHui; de Linage, Caroline; Rodell, Matthew; Swenson, Sean C

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in Marand Plain, Northwest Iran, Iranian Int. J. Sci. , 6(2008), Land subsidence in Iran caused by wide- spread waterTigris-Euphrates-Western Iran region, Water Resour. Res. ,

  11. China's Pathways to Energy Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beard, Steven; Caruana, Craig; Coats, Charles; Haguewood, Robert; Lee, Jong-Hwan; Morgan, Broderick; Murray, Joshua; Riedell, Michael

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chinese Bilateral Investment/Projects Involved Countries Projects Year China-Kazakhstan Oil pipeline (Atasu-Alashankou ) Gas pipeline China offers $10 bln loan Will complete in 2011 Completed in 2009 For future oil supply China-Turkmenistan Gas pipeline... that China can directly import energy from, bypassing Russia Chinese ventures in Cen. Asia: Kazakh-China oil pipeline (finished Dec. 2009) (Garrison 47) Could increase Chinese imports from this country from their current 1% of total imports to around 15...

  12. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    7 Figure 3. Map of China's Solar Resourceand Wang Sicheng, 2007, China Solar PV Report. Beijing:tower. Figure 3. Map of China's Solar Resource Distribution

  13. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    31. China's Electricity Generation Output by Fuel under33. China's Electricity Generation Output by Fuel under31. China's Electricity Generation Output by Fuel under

  14. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Runqing Hu, 2005, Solar thermal in China: Overview andperspectives of the Chinese solar thermal market. RefocusProspectives for Chinas solar thermal power technology

  15. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    32 Table 13. Total Resource Requirements for Hydropower23 Figure 12. China's Hydropower Installed Capacity, 1980-and costs of Chinas hydropower: Development or slowdown?

  16. Can Chinas Political SystemSustain Its Peaceful Rise?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SHIRK, Susan L.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is Ho Miu Lam Professor of China and Pacific Relations at2013-4, APRIL 2013 Can Chinas Political System Sustain ItsIt also would seem that Chinas growing economic ties with

  17. Housing policy in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Lu, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the last three decades, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has managed to replace its welfare-based urban housing system with a market-based housing provision scheme. With such significant housing policy changes, the ...

  18. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    anthracite, and lignite and brown coal make up the remainingCoal Anthracite Lignite and Brown Coal Source: China Energyof Coal in 2006 Lignite and Brown Coal Anthracite Bituminous

  19. Plague From China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi; Boyd, David

    2011-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Broadcast Transcript: Those of you who have been paying attention to Postcards these past three years are already aware that China takes credit for many of the world's firsts, including pasta, gunpowder and golf. Well, ...

  20. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    s Worldwide Quest for Energy Security, (Paris: OCED/IEA,s Worldwide Quest for Energy Security, (Paris: OCED/IEA,Chinas Quest for Energy Security, (Washington: RAND Project

  1. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    assumption of four distinct motivations in pursuing international oilassumption that China has a unified strategy for international oiloil demand as staying consistent into the future, but this is perhaps an unreasonable assumption;

  2. Chinas Rise as a Global S&T Powerand ChinaEU Cooperation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruner, Oliver

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is a researcher in the China and Global Security Program ofChinese foreign and security policy, primarily on ChinaEUrelations and Chinas international science and technology

  3. COMPOSITION CHIMIQUE DE CERTAINS MIELS DE L'IRAN I. LMENTS MINRAUX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    COMPOSITION CHIMIQUE DE CERTAINS MIELS DE L'IRAN I. ?L?MENTS MIN?RAUX Chemische Zusammensetzung einiger Honige aus dem Iran L Mineralische Elemente Hassan EBRAHIMZADEH Farideh HAGHCHENASSE Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences, Université de Téhéran, Téhéran, IRAN R?SUM? Les éléments majeurs

  4. Mission en Iran du 23 Aot au 6 septembre 2003 Michel Waldschmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    Mission en Iran du 23 Août au 6 septembre 2003 Michel Waldschmidt Introduction. En août 2002 je (ICM 2002). Lors de cette Assemblée Générale à Shanghai j'ai rencontré les représentants de l'Iran, Le'Institute for Advanced Study in Basic Science (IASBS) de Zanjan, et qui m'a recommandé de profiter de mon voyage en Iran

  5. L'IRAN ET LE "CROISSANT CHIITE": MYTHES, RALITS ET PROSPECTIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    141 L'IRAN ET LE "CROISSANT CHIITE": MYTHES, R?ALIT?S ET PROSPECTIVE Le recteur Gérard faire évoluer les rapports de force, plus particulièrement au Moyen-Orient, en faveur de l'Iran et, donc chiite ». Ce dernier, allant de l'Iran au Liban, comprendrait d'abord l'Irak post-Saddam, dont les

  6. China energy databook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Feng Liu; Davis, W.B. [eds.] [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi [eds.] [Energy Research Inst., Beijing, BJ (China)

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Analysis Program (EAP) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first became involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of China`s State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industrics morc energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of cncrgy supply and demand in the People`s Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues-we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. Preparing this volume confronted us with a number of difficult issues. The most frustrating usually involved the different approaches to sectoral divisions taken in China and the US. For instance, fuel used by motor vehicles belonging to industrial enterprises is counted as industrial consumption in China; only fuel use by vehicles belonging to enterprises engaged primarily in transportation is countcd as transportation use. The estimated adjustment to count all fuel use by vehicles as transportation energy use is quite large, since a large fraction of motor vehicles belong to industrial enterprises. Similarly, Chinese industrial investment figures are skewed compared to those collected in the US because a large portion of enterprises` investment funds is directed towards providing housing and social services for workers and their families.

  7. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The benefits and costs of Chinas hydropower: Development orpower in China: A case study of nonrenewable energy cost andCost of rapeseed-based biodiesel as alternative energy in China.

  8. 11196. Proposed by Mohammad Hossein Mehrabi, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran. Let A and B be real n n matrices. Show that if AB -BA is invertible and A2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heckman, Christopher Carl

    11196. Proposed by Mohammad Hossein Mehrabi, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran. Let A and B be real n ? n matrices. Show that if AB - BA is invertible and A2 + B2 = 3(AB - BA

  9. Cogeneration Development and Market Potential in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, F.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Development i n China The scarcity of local investment capital offers for- eign investors opportunitied i n China's energy

  10. China's Coal: Demand, Constraints, and Externalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aden, Nathaniel

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chinas Energy Security, European Management Journal 22(2): 150-164. Figure 16: Historical and Forecast

  11. Changing aspects of economic and family structures in Kal?rdasht, a district in Northern Iran, up to 1978

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mir-Hosseini, Ziba

    1980-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is offered as a contribution to the ethnography of Iran. As such it is concerned with the description of some aspects of the economic and familial life in Kalardasht, a mountainous district in the Caspian provinces of Iran...

  12. International Journal of Forest, Soil and Erosion (IJFSE) Vol. 3 No.1 February 2013 Shabestar, I. R. Iran | 45

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mencuccini, Maurizio

    . Iran | 45 Int. J. Forest, Soil and Erosion, 2013 3(1): 45-53 ISSN 2251-6387 © February 2013, GHB's Journals, IJFSE, Shabestar, Iran Research Paper Short-term effects of site preparation practices

  13. China energy databook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Feng Liu; Davis, W.B. (eds.) (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi (eds.) (Energy Research Inst., Beijing, BJ (China))

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Analysis Program (EAP) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first became involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of China's State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industrics morc energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of cncrgy supply and demand in the People's Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues-we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. Preparing this volume confronted us with a number of difficult issues. The most frustrating usually involved the different approaches to sectoral divisions taken in China and the US. For instance, fuel used by motor vehicles belonging to industrial enterprises is counted as industrial consumption in China; only fuel use by vehicles belonging to enterprises engaged primarily in transportation is countcd as transportation use. The estimated adjustment to count all fuel use by vehicles as transportation energy use is quite large, since a large fraction of motor vehicles belong to industrial enterprises. Similarly, Chinese industrial investment figures are skewed compared to those collected in the US because a large portion of enterprises' investment funds is directed towards providing housing and social services for workers and their families.

  14. Origin and migration of hydrocarbons in the Paleozoic system of Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Franz, U.A. (Mobil Exploration and Producing Services, Dallas, TX (United States))

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is a progress report on geochemical studies of the sub-Khuff Paleozoic rocks in Saudi Arabia, summarizing current laboratory results from both Saudi Aramco and American companies and their preliminary interpretations. From oil/oil and oil/rock correlations as well as maturity modeling, it may be concluded that sweet sub-Khuff oils, condensates, and gases are closely related to each other, and are derived from a common source: the hot shales of the basal Qusaiba Formation (Lower Silurian). The hydrocarbons that have been discovered in the Hawtah trend must have migrated updip from the presently overmature Rub-Al-Khali depocenter, where oil generation was initiated as early as 160 Ma. The oil window in the Rub-Al-Khali embayment, where active oil and condensate generation is taking place at present, is at depths between approximately 10,000 and 14,000 ft. Oil accumulation housed at depths more than approximately 14,000 {plus minus} 500 ft are being cracked into gas and condensate depending on variations in the generally low geothermal gradients of 1.5 {plus minus} 0.1F/100 ft. The residue of this natural refinery process is pyrobitumen, or deal oil, that is a pore plugging agent in many reservoirs at these depths. All products have very low-sulfur kerogen. The economic impact of these findings is very significant.

  15. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences 2008 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences 2008 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS Springer Sci China Ser D, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China; 2 China Meteorological Administration Training Centre, Beijing 100081, China; 3 Heilongjiang Meteorological Observatory, Harbin 150030, China Using correlation

  16. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to transform Chinas electricity sector Ryan Landon Swansonto transform Chinas electricity sector Ryan Landon SwansonAgency (IEA), Chinas electricity sector in 2007 accounted

  17. China Marches West: Jacket cover

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perdue, Peter C.

    The China we know today is the product of vast frontier conquests of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries by the expanding Qing empire. China Marches West tells the story of this unprecedented expansion and explores ...

  18. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    239 Mt World's Oil Consumption (2010) US China Japan IndiaKorea Canada Other Total World Oil Consumption: 4,028 MtTotal China Oil Consumption: 445 Mt Natural Gas Production

  19. China's Space Robotic Arms Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    POLLPETER, Kevin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Blog, Gen. Chilton on a Space Weapons Treaty, October 30,archive/2076/general-chilton-on-a-space-weapons-treaty. 31on the military use of space, see Kevin Pollpeter, Chinas

  20. China energy databook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Feng Liu; Davis, W.B. (eds.) (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi (eds.) (Energy Research Inst., Beijing, BJ (China))

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Analysis Program (EAP) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first becamc involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of China's State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industries more energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of energy supply and demand in the People's Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues-we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. We are hopeful that this volume will not only help us in our work, but help build a broader community of Chinese energy policy studies within the US.

  1. U.S. Strategic Options towards Iran: Understanding the U.S.Iranian Relations through Iranian Domestic Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abernathy, Jacob; Blanco, David; Kingsley, Marlee; Kramer, Michael; Lopacka, Karolina; Mauel, Heather; Peacock, Mike; Stotts, Katherine; Varela, Marques; Young, Krysten

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ongoing nuclear negotiations between the P5+1 and Iran have made greater progress on more substantial issues than any previous talks. This report argues that Irans unprecedented willingness to negotiate is strongly influenced by two factors: a...

  2. Shear-wave splitting, lithospheric anisotropy, and mantle deformation beneath the ArabiaEurasia collision zone in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    ­Eurasia collision zone in Iran Ayoub Kaviani a,b,c , Denis Hatzfeld c, , Anne Paul c , Mohammad Tatar b , Keith Priestley d a Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, P.O. Box 45195-1159, Zanjan, Iran b International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, P.O. Box 19395-3913, Tehran, Iran c

  3. Judgment and Decision Making, Vol. 5, No. 7, December 2010, pp. 540546 Sacred values and conflict over Iran's nuclear program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reber, Paul J.

    over Iran's nuclear program Morteza Dehghani1 , Scott Atran2 , Rumen Iliev3 , Sonya Sachdeva3 , Douglas Research, New York, NY Abstract Conflict over Iran's nuclear program, which involves a US-led policy to impose sanctions on Iran, is perceived by each side as a preeminent challenge to its own national

  4. U-Pb zircon geochronology of late NeoproterozoicEarly Cambrian granitoids in Iran: Implications for paleogeography, magmatism,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U-Pb zircon geochronology of late Neoproterozoic­Early Cambrian granitoids in Iran: Implications.O. Box 14155-6455, Tehran, Iran b Department of Geology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045 of various dimensions are exposed in all continental tectonic zones of Iran. These rocks have traditionally

  5. Farmers' knowledge of IPM: A Case Study in the Zanjan Province in Iran (Karamidehkordi, E. and Hashemi, A.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Farmers' knowledge of IPM: A Case Study in the Zanjan Province in Iran (Karamidehkordi, E IN IRAN Esmail Karamidehkordi*, Atefeh Hashemi** *Assistant Professor of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Zanjan University, Zanjan, Iran Email: e.karamidehkordi@gmail.com **Agricultural Extension

  6. New Species of Aphanius (Teleostei, Cyprinodontidae) from Isfahan Province of Iran and a Reanalysis of Other Iranian Species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hrbek, Tomas - Department of Biology, Universidad de Puerto Rico

    New Species of Aphanius (Teleostei, Cyprinodontidae) from Isfahan Province of Iran and a Reanalysis isfahanensis, is described from the Isfahan basin of Iran. It is distinguished from the other Iranian species in Iran. THE extant and extinct species of the killifish genus Aphanius Nardo, 1827 (Cyprinodon- tiformes

  7. The vertical separation of mainshock rupture and microseismicity at Qeshm island in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, John

    -and-thrust belt, Iran E. Nissen a, , F. Yamini-Fard b , M. Tatar b , A. Gholamzadeh b,1 , E. Bergman c , J Engineering and Seismology, PO Box 19395-3913, Tehran, Iran c Department of Physics, University of Colorado rights reserved. 1. Introduction The Zagros mountains in south-western Iran are one of the most rapidly

  8. Submitted to HuffingtonPost.com Obama's Iran Nuclear Deadline: A Grand Bargain is Still Possible if Both Sides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Submitted to HuffingtonPost.com Obama's Iran Nuclear Deadline: A Grand Bargain is Still Possible Obama and Secretary of State Clinton have promised "crippling" new sanctions will be imposed on Iran by year's end if Iran does not seriously engage in negotiations on its nuclear activities. Tehran clearly

  9. Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the origin of shallow slip deficit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fialko, Yuri

    Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the origin of shallow slip (Iran) earth- quake using radar data from the Envisat satellite of the European Space Agency. Analysis. In this paper we report on deformation associated with the Mw6.5 Bam (Iran) earthquake determined using

  10. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    scrap metal processors. On the other hand, China still uses considerably more energy than the steel industries

  11. Key China Energy Statistics 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China Oil Use Refinery Loss/Self Use Residential Power Generation/Heat Commerce, Const. , Agriculture, Gov.

  12. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China Oil Use Refinery Loss/Self Use Residential Power Generation/Heat Commerce, Const. , Agriculture, Gov.

  13. The development of contemporary housing in Saudi Arabia (1950-1983) : a study in cross-cultural influence under conditions of rapid change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fadan, Yousef M. (Yousef Mohammed)

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study provides a framework for understanding the circumstances associated with the introduction of modern housing concepts and techniques to Saudi Arabia. The analysis and discussion of the relevant cultural influences ...

  14. Essays on rural-urban migration in hinterland China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Lei

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Marriage Rates in Rural China . . . . . . . . . . .Urban Migration in Hinterland China . . . . . . . . . .and Rural-Urban Migration in Hinterland China . . . . . 1.

  15. What China Can Learn from International Experiences in Developing a Demand Response Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Bo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    report on Chinas Electricity Sector Statistics (2007).Overview on Chinas Electricity Sector Development in 2010.report on Chinas Electricity Sector Statistics (2011).

  16. China's sustainable energy future: Scenarios of energy and carbon emissions (Summary)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy use. Chinas Sustainable Energy Future Summary next31 -ii- Chinas Sustainable Energy Future Executive Summarystudy, entitled Chinas Sustainable Energy Future: Scenarios

  17. China's Space Robotic Arms Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    POLLPETER, Kevin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    innovation-and-technology-in-china/sitc-publications/. 34Andrea Shalal-Esa, U.S. Sees China Launch as Test of Anti-arti- cle/2013/05/15/us-china-launch-idUSBRE94E07D20130515.

  18. SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Guangyu

    SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy Science China Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin.1007/s11433-012-4970-8 Carbon-based spintronics CHEN Peng & ZHANG GuangYu* Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics and Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China

  19. Submitted to *Xidian University, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    THESIS Submitted to *Xidian University, China *Institut National des Sciences Appliques de Rouen, France To obtain China-France Joint PhD in Discipline: PHYSICS Speciality: Energy by WANG Jiajie Shaped.09.2011 Members of the jury: Reviewers: Bai Jintao Professor, Northwest University, Xi'an, China Liu Weidong

  20. to China: A Bridge Between

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    From Yale to China: A Bridge Between Cultures Students often invoke the metaphor of a journey in China," she said. "Yale oered a vast array of resources to help me improve my language compe- tency program and myriad exchanges with China. The summer before her sophomore year at Yale, Jenna received

  1. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and costs in China's electricity sector, Energy Policy 38 (62 5.1 Electricity SectorSector Analysis 5.1 Electricity Sector Introduction Chinas

  2. Nowzari et al. Habitat Associations of Persian Wild Ass in Iran HABITAT ASSOCIATIONS OF PERSIAN WILD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubenstein, Daniel I.

    25 Nowzari et al. Habitat Associations of Persian Wild Ass in Iran HABITAT ASSOCIATIONS OF PERSIAN WILD ASS (EQUUS HEMIONUS ONAGER) IN QA- TROUYEH NATIONAL PARK, IRAN HANIYEH NOWZARI, Department of the IVth International Wildlife Management Congress: 25-30, 2013 Horses, zebras and asses, members

  3. The Conditional Relationship between Risk and Return in Iran's Stock Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    in Iran by estimating the relationship between various sources of risk -- market risk, oil price risk returns are influenced by unexpected fluctuations in macroeconomic variables such as oil prices, exchangeThe Conditional Relationship between Risk and Return in Iran's Stock Market Mahdieh Rezagholizadeh

  4. Thermal maturity of the Upper Triassic-Middle Jurassic Shemshak Group (Alborz Range, Northern Iran)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Iran) based on organic petrography, geochemistry and basin modelling: implications for source rock1 Thermal maturity of the Upper Triassic-Middle Jurassic Shemshak Group (Alborz Range, Northern Iran. Organic matter (OM) has been investigated using Rock-Eval pyrolysis, elemental analysis

  5. Cloning of fimH and fliC and expression of the fusion protein FimH/FliC from Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) isolated in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Escherichia coli (UPEC) isolated in Iran Asadi Karam MR, Oloomi M, Habibi M, Bouzari S* Department of Molecular Biology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran. Received: March 2012, Accepted: May 2012 is one the most important infectious diseases in Iran that needs further consideration (4

  6. Shirin Ebadi, received the 2003 Nobel Peace Prize for promoting human rights, in particular, the rights of women, children, and political prisoners in Iran. She

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akhmedov, Azer

    , the rights of women, children, and political prisoners in Iran. She was the first Muslim woman to receive one of the first female judges in Iran. She served as president of the city court of Tehran from 1975's Initiative, and the PeaceJam Foundation. She is the author of Refugee Rights in Iran (2008) and Iran

  7. Iran J Arthropod-Borne Dis, 2010, 4(2): 5660 A Nasiri et al.: Tick Infestation Rate of ... Short Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Iran J Arthropod-Borne Dis, 2010, 4(2): 56­60 A Nasiri et al.: Tick Infestation Rate of ... 56 Province, Iran, 2007-2008 A Nasiri1 , *Z Telmadarraiy1 , H Vatandoost1 , S Chinikar2 , M Moradi2 , MA of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran 2 Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran

  8. *Corresponding authors: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, College of Engineering Science, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, KFUPM Box: 2020, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Tel: + 96638602305 (O), Fax: +966386

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    of Engineering Science, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, KFUPM Box: 2020, Kingdom; King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia Copyright 2013, Society

  9. China energy databook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinton, J.E.; Fridley, D.G.; Levine, M.D. [eds.

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The response to the first edition of the China Energy Databook was overwhelmingly positive, and has encouraged us to issue this revised, updated, and expanded edition. It has been a natural counterpart to the Energy Analysis Program`s continuing program of collaborative research with the Energy Research Institute. No other current reference volume dedicated to China`s energy system contains a similar variety and quality of material. We have revised some of the categories and data that appeared in the old volume. The adjustment for energy consumption in the transportation sector, for instance, has been slightly changed to include some fuel use in the commercial sector, which was previously left out. As another example, natural gas consumption statistics in the first edition greatly overstated electric utility use; we have rectified that error. Some tables have changed as statistical collection and reporting practices change in China. Figures on gross output value by sector stop with 1992, and economic output in subsequent years is covered by various measures of value-added, such as national income and gross domestic product.

  10. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oliver, H.H. et. al. 2009. Chinas Fuel Economy Standardset. al. , 2009. Figure 30 China's Fuel Economy Standards forGermany. Bradsher, K. 2009. China Vies to be Worlds Leader

  11. Evolution and System Characteristics of Chinas Science, Technology, and Innovation Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WANG, Yuan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STUDY OF INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY IN CHINA POLICY BRIEF STIThe Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC) is aof Chinas Science, Technology, and Innovation Policies WANG

  12. Chinas Space Industry in 2009:A Year in Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollpeter, Kevin

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    challenges. As Chinas leading space industry organization,particular, Pollpeter focuses on the Chinese space program.10 September 2010 Chinas Space Industry in 2009: A Year in

  13. A conceptual national plan for outdoor recreation in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saaidi-Ashtiani, Hossein

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , the construction of Amir Kab1r (Karaj), Shahbanou Farah (Sef1d Rud) Mohammad Reza Shah (Dez) and Faranhnaz (Latian) dams have resulted in the creation of four large artificial lakes. Th1s in turn has led to the activities of water skiing and boating in Iran... is humid and subtrop1cal in character, while the interior deserts have hot dry summers and cold dry winters. TABLE 2 IRANIAN DANS AND CAPACITIES Name of Dam Reservoir ca acit million cu. m. A) 8) Dams already built Mohammad Reza Shah Empress Farah...

  14. Russia's Foreign Policy Toward Iran: A Critical Geopolitics Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omelicheva, Mariya Y.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    s economic recovery spurred by the high energy prices in global markets, but also due to the Kremlins efforts at forging a novel understanding of the Russian external greatness. While Russias great power identity has retained its imperial, territorial... developments in the Middle East region would have been severely curtailed had Iran acquired a nuclear warhead. Moscows support for the last round of the UNSC sanctions was party driven by the realization of these prospects by the Russian government...

  15. Experts in Defense: How Chinas Academicians Contribute to Its Defense Science and Technology Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WILSON, Jordan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STUDY OF INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY IN CHINA RESEARCH BRIEFThe Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC) is a

  16. Specialist Communities: People and Cultures in Chinas Defense Science and Technology System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KROLIKOWSKI, Alanna

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STUDY OF INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY IN CHINA RESEARCH BRIEFThe Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC) is a

  17. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CO2 mitigation potential and costs in China's electricityCO2 mitigation potential and costs in China's electricity

  18. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences 2008 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tong, Jinnan

    Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences 2008 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS Springer Sci China Ser D.springerlink.com Anachronistic facies in the Lower Triassic of South China and their implications to the ecosystems during and Mineral Resources, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China; 2 Yichang Institute of Geology

  19. Thtres de Perse et d'Iran : aperu gnral ve FEUILLEBOIS-PIERUNEK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Théâtres de Perse et d'Iran : aperçu général ?ve FEUILLEBOIS-PIERUNEK Sorbonne Nouvelle ­ Paris 3, UMR 7528 « Mondes iranien et indien » L'Iran possède à la fois un théâtre rituel encore très vivace siècle, ne doit rien à l'Occident. La question de l'existence d'un théâtre indigène en Iran s

  20. ans cette puissance rgio-qu'est l'Iran, les don-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    EDITORIAL ans cette puissance régio- nale1 qu'est l'Iran, les don- nées démographiques met- tent en diversité ethnique et religieuse d'un pays qui passe souvent pour homogène. En effet, les périphéries de l'Iran majorité perse. ? l'extrême sud-est, le peuplement de l'Iran comprend des baloutches (Province du Sistan

  1. Coal in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Minchener, A.J. [IEA Clean Coal Centre, London (United Kingdom)

    2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The article gives an overview of the production and use of coal in China, for power generation and in other sectors. Coal use for power generation was 850 million tonnes in 2003 and 800 million tonnes in the non-power sector. The majority of power will continue to be produced from coal, with a trend towards new larger pulverised coal fired units and introduction of circulating fluidised bed combustors. Stricter regulations are forcing introduction of improved pollution control technologies. It seems likely that China will need international finance to supplement private and state investment to carry out a programme to develop and apply clean coal technologies. The author concludes that there is evidence of a market economy being established but there is a need to resolve inconsistencies with the planned aspects of the economy and that additional policies are needed in certain sectors to achieve sustainable development. 1 ref., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  2. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and subsidies initiated in the last few years, Chinas solarChina has established several major renewable energy regulations along with programs and subsidies to encourage the growth of non-fossil alternative energy including solar,

  3. China's Approaches to Financing Sustainable Development: Policies, Practices, and Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Bo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SOEs have also dominated Chinas solar power project market44 It also provided Chinas major solar panel manufacturersmany years China lacked incentives to foster domestic solar

  4. Additive Manufacturing in China: Threats, Opportunities, and Developments (Part I)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ANDERSON, Eric

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    application of additive manufacturing in Chinas aviationAnalysis May 2013 Additive Manufacturing in China: Threats,an overview of Chinas additive manufacturing industry is

  5. China's Nuclear Industry After Fukushima

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    YUAN, Jingdong

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China will continue to pursue nuclear expansion as part of an energy strategy that aims to increase clean and renewable energies (solar,

  6. Outsourcing CO2 within China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    6. Lo AY (2012) Carbon emissions trading in China. Nat Climof interprovincial emissions trading (69). Additionally,the central coast. The emissions trading scheme being tested

  7. Outsourcing CO2 within China.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    6. Lo AY (2012) Carbon emissions trading in China. Nat Climof interprovincial emissions trading (69). Additionally,the central coast. The emissions trading scheme being tested

  8. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research Institute, 1994; LDC Energy Database, Internationalof China 1994; India LDC Energy Database, InternationalNational Laboratory (1995). LDC Energy Database. JIA

  9. Looking for Law in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lubman, Stanley

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environment of Corporate Governance in China and Its Policyas institutions for corporate governance by a shareholdersGerman model. Rules on corporate governance were adopted in

  10. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from geothermal and wind generators is negligible in thebeen so designated. Wind generators have also been used toand total capacity of all wind generator systems in China is

  11. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the China National Petrochemical Corporation, or Sinopec)for fertilizers and petrochemical products, feedstock usesrapid con- struction of petrochemical processing facilities

  12. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Heating Supply Coal Washing Coking Petroleum Refineries GasHeating Supply Coal Washing Coking Petroleum Refineries GasRefueling in China Coal Washing Coking Petroleum Refineries

  13. China's Nuclear Industry After Fukushima

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    YUAN, Jingdong

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the previous year. NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY AND FUEL CYCLES Chinathird-generation nuclear technology and reactor design, withs own third-generation nuclear technology. Westing- house,

  14. China's Nuclear Industry After Fukushima

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    YUAN, Jingdong

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China Experimen- tal Fast Reactor, or CEFR) and highpressurized water reactorfast reactorsfusion reactor,experimental fast breeder reactors, and heavy water

  15. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of China's Total Primary Energy Production by Source (1950-AAGR EJ Primary Energy Production (Mtce) Coal Oil NaturalRenewables Total Primary Energy Production by Source Shares*

  16. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    containing monthly energy production statistics] ChinaReserves Chapter IL Energy Production Chapter III. EnergyCountries CHAPTER II. ENERGY PRODUCTION 1. Primary Energy

  17. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Xinjiang Liaoning Inner Mongolia Gansu Hebei Beijing Qinghaiin China (2010) Inner Mongolia Shanxi Shaanxi Henan GuizhouIndonesia Australia Vietnam Mongolia Russia South Africa

  18. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GOV 80% _t 160%-J A .E V) Transport P7| Construction f~] Commerce |f | Industry Agriculture X-J6 I960 China

  19. NAWS-China Lake Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation covers the NAWS-China Lake Project at the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting, held on November 18-19, 2009.

  20. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    4. Solar PV Cell Production and Installed Capacity, 2000-23 Figure 12. China's Hydropower Installed Capacity, 1980-4 Table 2. China Installed Capacity for Alternative Energy

  1. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    factors for Chinas coal generation results largely from therelative share of coal generation decreases significantlycompetitive with coal-fired generation (Wang, 2010).

  2. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear Safety Administration (NNSA) (Zhou et al. , Anothernuclear companies as Chinas NNSA lacks independence andAs mentioned previously, the NNSA has limited staffing

  3. China's Defense Electronics and Information Technology Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RAGLAND, LeighAnn; MCREYNOLDS, Joe; GEARY, Debra

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2013 Chinas Defense Electronics and Information Technologythe Chinese defense electronics and information technology (is moving the defense electronics and IT industry toward

  4. On the Dialectic of Silence: Klee, Kahn, and the Space of Transversal Modernity in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baradaran Mohajeri, Shima

    2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation connects the cultural theory of space with specific aesthetic and architectural practices in the history of modernism that are entangled with the past and present of Iran, its artifacts, and its politics. ...

  5. Transitions in domestic architecture and home culture in twentieth century Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karimi, Z. Pamela (Zahra Pamela)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation explores the transformation of the Iranian home in twentieth century Iran. While surveying the socio political underpinnings and aesthetic ends of domesticity in Iranian culture from the early twentieth ...

  6. Imaging topographic growth by long-lived postseismic afterslip at Sefidabeh, east Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copley, Alex; Reynolds, Kirsty

    2014-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes observations and models of the postseismic deformation following the 1994 Sefidabeh earthquake sequence in east Iran, which shed light on the nature of the earthquake cycle and the mechanisms of topographic growth in the region...

  7. On the Dialectic of Silence: Klee, Kahn, and the Space of Transversal Modernity in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baradaran Mohajeri, Shima

    2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation connects the cultural theory of space with specific aesthetic and architectural practices in the history of modernism that are entangled with the past and present of Iran, its artifacts, and its politics. As a response to different...

  8. CHINA KYRGYZSTAN UZBEKISTAN TURKMENISTAN TURKEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorf, Martin E.

    CHINA KYRGYZSTAN UZBEKISTAN TURKMENISTAN TURKEY The Ultimate Silk Road Journey: From Xian through the mountains and deserts of Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, and on through vibrant and continue along the fabled route to Western China, mountainous Kyrgyzstan, the blue-tiled Silk Road oases

  9. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Total Crude Oil Imports: 239 Mt World's Oil Consumption (consumption - Urban Statistical Difference Appendix 3: Energy Balance/China 2010 (contd) Mtce Crude Oilconsumption - Urban Other Statistical Difference Appendix 3: Energy Balance/China 2010 (contd) Physical Quantity Crude Oil

  10. China is the New Baseball

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2007-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Broadcast Transcript: Baseball is called bang qiu here in China. And, if a recent exploration trip taken by New York Yankee bigwigs is any indication, it looks as if China might be the next major outsource for major league outfielders. Not right...

  11. Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of Chinasof Chinas total energy consumption mix. However, accuratelyof Chinas total energy consumption, while others estimate

  12. China's forest products trade falls nearly 18% China's forest products trade falls nearly 18%

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    China's forest products trade falls nearly 18% China's forest products trade falls nearly 18% 11/08/2009 - 09:05 According to China's latest Customs statistics, foreign trade of China's forest products in the first five months showed a year-on-year general downturn. The total value of foreign trade of China

  13. Science in China Series B: Chemistry 2009 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jianbo

    Science in China Series B: Chemistry 2009 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS Springer Sci China Ser B Sciences, Beijing 100871, China In this paper, we report the synthesis of furan derivatives from allenic-009-0224-7 Corresponding author (email: wangjb@pku.edu.cn) Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China

  14. Study China Programme Live and learn in China for three weeks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Jeremy

    Study China Programme Live and learn in China for three weeks Study China is a unique learning, arts and business. About Study China Finance is provided by the UK government and managed Universities. Study China is in it's fourth year and has enabled over 1000 students to explore this fascinating

  15. Depositional environments, lithofacies types, and reservoir development of the Permian Khuff Formation in Eastern Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Jallal, I.A. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Later Permian carbonates and evaporites of the Khuff Formation contain considerable amounts of gas in Ghawar field, eastern Saudi Arabia. Sedimentary structures, textures, and grain types were used to interpret the depositional environments and to define the different lithofacies types which determine the original reservoir face is distribution within this 1,500-ft-thick formation. There are three major depositional environments: subtidal, intertidal, and sabkha. Locally, these include shoals, belts, bars, bays, lagoons, ponds, tidal channels, sabkha. Locally, these include shoals, belts, bars, bays, lagoons, ponds, tidal channels, sabkha islands, and sabkha pans. Tidal flooding and storms are represented. These environments represent four major transgressive-regressive cycles, which conform to four Khuff units: Khuff A, B, C and D (from youngest to oldest). Transgressive phases (subtidal), with lithofacies of grainstones and horizontally burrowed mudstones usually comprise the reservoir facies. The regressive phases (intertidal and sabkha) with lithofacies of anhydritic mudstones and anhydrites, usually seal the Khuff reservoirs. Later disappearance of reservoir facies are due to deposition or diagenesis. Depositionally, the lateral change in facies may occur, for example, from a non-reservoir anhydrite and mudstone facies to a reservoir grainstone facies, or from a non-reservoir anhydritic mudstones to a reservoir burrowed-mudstone facies. Diagenetically, ooid grainstones may be greatly cemented by anhydrite. A combination of dolomitization and leaching may create intercrystalline porosity in mudstone. Leaching creates poorly connected moldic porosity in grainstones because the resulting calcite cement plugs the interparticle porosity.

  16. Geologic constraints to fluid flow in the Jurassic Arab D reservoir, eastern Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laing, J.E. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A giant oil field located in eastern Saudi Arabia has produced several billion barrels of 37{degree} API oil from fewer than 100 wells. The Upper Jurassic Arab Formation is the main producing unit, and is made up of a series of upward-shoaling carbonate and anhydrite members. Porous carbonates of the Arab D member make up the principle oil reservoir, and overlying Arab D anhydrite provides the seal. Principal reservoir facies are stromatoporoid-coral and skeletal grainstones. Reservoir drive is currently provided by flank water injection. Despite more than 30 years of flank water injection (1.5 billion bbl) into the northern area of the field, a thick oil column remains in the Arab D reservoir. Geological factors which affect fluid flow in this area are (1) a downdip facies change from permeable skeletal-stromatoporoid limestone to less permeable micritic limestone, (2) vertical permeability barriers resulting from shoaling-upward cycles, (3) a downdip tar mat, (4) dolomite along the flanks in the upper portion of the reservoir, (5) highly permeable intervals within the skeletal-stromatoporoid limestone, and (6) an updip, north to south facies change from predominantly stromatoporoid-coral grainstone to skeletal grainstone. These factors are considered in reservoir modeling, simulation studies, and planning locations for both water injection and producer wells.

  17. Unayzah Formation: a new Permian-Carboniferous unit in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Laboun, A.A.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The sandstones, shales, and thin beds of argillaceous limestone previously included as the basal part of the Permian Khuff Formation were described as the Unayzah Formation by al-Laboun in 1982 and 1986. The type locality (stratotype.) of this formation is in the town of Unayzah, and a reference section was established in the Qusayba area, al-Qasim district, Saudi Arabia. Fossil flora collected from outcrops and palynomorphs obtained from boreholes support a Late Carboniferous-Early Permian age for these strata. The Unayzah Formation is conformably overlain by the massive carbonates of the Khuff Formation, whereas its basal contact is marked by a regional angular unconformity with various older units. The Unayzah Formation is widespread in the Greater Arabian basin. The formation represents cyclic transgressive and regressive deposits preceding the Permian regional marine transgression, during which the massive carbonates of the Khuff Formation were deposited. This Permian transgression marked a major change in the Sedimentation and evolution of the Greater Arabian basin. The porous sandstones of the Unayzah Formation are important exploration targets because several fields in the eastern and southeastern parts of the Greater Arabian basin produce hydrocarbons from the Unayzah. 11 figures, 1 table.

  18. The status and prospective of environmental radiation monitoring stations in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Kheliewi, Abdullah S. [National Center for Radiation Protection, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, 11442 Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Holzheimer, Clous [ENVINET GmbH, Environmental Radiation Detection, Hans-Pinsel-Strae 4, 85540 Haar (Munich) (Germany)

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of nuclear technology requires an environmental monitoring program to ensure the safety of the environment, and to protect people from the hazards of radioactive materials, and nuclear accidents. Nuclear accidents are unique, for they incur effects that surpass international frontiers, and can even have a long lasting impact on Earth. Such was the case of the Chernobyl accident in the Ukraine on April 6, 1986. For that purpose, international and national efforts come together to observe for any nuclear or radioactive accident. Many states, including Saudi Arabia which oversees the operation of the National Radiation, Environmental and Early Monitoring Stations, The Radiation Monitoring Stations(RMSs) are currently scattered across 35 cities in the country,. These locations are evaluated based on various technological criteria such as border cities, cities of high population density, wind direction, etc. For new nuclear power plants hovering around, it is strongly recommended to increase the number of radiation monitoring stations to warn against any threat that may arise from a nuclear leak or accident and to improve the performance of the existing RMSs. SARA (Spectroscopic Monitoring Station for air) should be implemented due to the high sensitivity to artificial radiation, automatic isotope identification, free of maintenance, and fully independent due to solar power supply (incl. battery backup) and wireless communication (GPRS)

  19. China Today IAS 2123.001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    China Today IAS 2123.001 Kevin Carrico Tuesdays & Thursdays 10:30 am -11:45 am Approved for Non-Western culture credit Everyone knows that China today is a "rising superpower," but the real story of China's modern history is considerably more complex. This course looks beyond the headlines to rediscover China

  20. China Initiatives at Michigan State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    China Initiatives at Michigan State University Office of China Programs The Office of International Studies and Programs at Michigan State University established the Office of China Programs in July 2005 to help implement President Lou Anna K. Simon's "China Initiative," part of the university's long

  1. The University of Nottingham Ningbo China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkins, Gail

    The University of Nottingham Ningbo China International Student Prospectus 2013 www China (UNNC) is a unique, world-class, international institution. Situated on China's prosperous east in the UK, China and Malaysia, and students from more than 150 countries, we can offer you access

  2. Natural Gas and Chinas Environment 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greater utilization of natural gas could dramatically improve environmental conditions in China. Results show that China could cut particulate, sulfur dioxide, and carbon emissions by 1, 3, and 70 million tons, respectively, each year if it boosts gas utilization to 10 percent of total energy demand by 2020. But the government first needs to establish a broad new array of market reforms to make this happen. Developing the natural gas sector makes sense economically, independent of carbon control efforts, but an international agreement to credit reductions in carbon emissions could stimulate significant new foreign investment for gas projects in China.

  3. A Glance at Chinas Household Consumption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shui, Bin

    2009-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Known for its scale, China is the most populous country with the worlds third largest economy. In the context of rising living standards, a relatively lower share of household consumption in its GDP, a strong domestic market and globalization, China is witnessing an unavoidable increase in household consumption, related energy consumption and carbon emissions. Chinese policy decision makers and researchers are well aware of these challenges and keen to promote green lifestyles. China has developed a series of energy policies and programs, and launched a wide?range social marketing activities to promote energy conservation.

  4. Regional Impact of an Elevated Heat Source: The Zagros Plateau of Iran BENJAMIN F. ZAITCHIK, JASON P. EVANS, AND RONALD B. SMITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Jason

    Regional Impact of an Elevated Heat Source: The Zagros Plateau of Iran BENJAMIN F. ZAITCHIK, JASON in the north, the Taurus Moun- tains of Turkey, and the Zagros Plateau in Iran. Inter- secting atmospheric

  5. Visiting entertainment venues and sexual health in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of market vendors in eastern China. Sexually Transmittedcommercial sex workers in China. Journal of Acquired Immunefemale entertainment workers in China. AIDS Education and

  6. Additive Manufacturing in China: Aviation and Aerospace Applications (Part 2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ANDERSON, Eric

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Analysis May 2013 Additive Manufacturing in China: Aviationan overview of Chinas additive manufacturing industry wasmilitary achievements in additive manufacturing. 2 Initial

  7. China Solar Photovoltaic Group CNPV aka Dongying Photovoltaic...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China Solar Photovoltaic Group CNPV aka Dongying Photovoltaic Power Co Ltd or China Solar PV Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Solar Photovoltaic Group (CNPV, aka Dongying...

  8. China Energy Group - Sustainable Growth Through Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    problems; the China Sustainable Energy Program (funded byFoundation's China Sustainable Energy Program commissionedFoundation (China Sustainable Energy Program) became major

  9. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Yichong. ?The Politics of Nuclear Energy in China. ? Guestauthor of The Politics of Nuclear Energy in China, nuclearYichong, ?The Politics of Nuclear Energy in China,? (guest

  10. Additive Manufacturing in China: Threats, Opportunities, and Developments (Part I)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ANDERSON, Eric

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    html. Study of Innovation and Technology in ChinaOffice. Study of Innovation and Technology in China SITCRevolution. Study of Innovation and Technology in China

  11. Additive Manufacturing in China: Aviation and Aerospace Applications (Part 2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ANDERSON, Eric

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bulletin Analysis May 2013 Additive Manufacturing in China:an overview of Chinas additive manufacturing industry wasmilitary achievements in additive manufacturing. 2 Initial

  12. China's china : Jingdezhen porcelain and the production of art in the Nineteenth Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Ellen

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Worked in Traditional China. New York: Columbia University1935. Chen Jian. Maos China and the Cold War. Chapel Hill,Trans. , John C. Ferguson. China Journal 11 (5) 1929: 218-

  13. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China CIS Electricity Generation Capacity, 2000-2030 Installed Capacity (GW) SolarRenew Solar Coal Total 2030 2010-2030 AAGR Table 30: ChinaChina AIS Power Generation Capacity, 2000-2030 Installed Capacity (GW) Solar

  14. Red, But More Expert: The Evolution of Chinas Two Chiefs Program Manager System

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    POLLPETER, Kevin

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC).STUDY OF INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY IN CHINA RESEARCH BRIEFThe Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC) is a

  15. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China Energy and CO2 Emissions Report (CEACER). Beijing:Oil consumption and CO2 emissions in Chinas road transport:Growth, Oil Demand and CO2 Emissions through 2050. Report

  16. Iran cannot have claimed to be building a thermonuclear reactor -To build a thermonuclear reactor by its own efforts is a task absolutely beyond Iran's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iran cannot have claimed to be building a thermonuclear reactor - expert To build a thermonuclear at the Institute of Nuclear Fusion of the Russian Research Center Kurchatov Institute, said: "Our specialists misunderstood." Work to create a thermonuclear reactor has been pursued in all leading countries for several

  17. A program for reducing teacher's resistance to changes in curriculum in centralized education systems. An experience on changes of mathematics text books in Iran based on distinction results.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    systems. An experience on changes of mathematics text books in Iran based on distinction results. Zohreh systems are prepared from an upper-stream reference and hand over teachers' disposal . Curricula in Iran as Polya had said. And so curricula developers in Iran tried to integrate Polya's method in math books

  18. To appear in Proceedings of the 3rd USENIX Workshop on Free and Open Communications on the Internet, August 2013. Internet Censorship in Iran: A First Look

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    , August 2013. Internet Censorship in Iran: A First Look Simurgh Aryan Aryan Censorship Project aryan censorship in Iran based on network measurements conducted from a major Iranian ISP during the lead up Introduction Iran is known as one of the leading suppressors of Internet freedom. Reporters Without Borders

  19. Exhumation History of the Alam Kuh Area, Central Alborz Mountains, Northern Iran: Implications for Caspian subsidence and Collision-Related Tectonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Exhumation History of the Alam Kuh Area, Central Alborz Mountains, Northern Iran: Implications, University of Tehran, Iran Abstract. Crystallization and thermal histories of two plutons in the northwestern Alborz (also Elburz, Elburs) Mountains, northern Iran were obtained by U/Pb, 40 Ar/39 Ar, and (U

  20. ArchiveofSID Journal of Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran 18(2): 139-149 (2007) http://jsciences.ut.ac.ir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Gerta

    ArchiveofSID Journal of Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran 18(2): 139-149 (2007) http the Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary in Southwestern Iran B. Darvishzad,1,* E. Ghasemi-Nejad,2 S. Ghourchaei,2 and G of Iran 2 Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Islamic Republic

  1. The 3-stage evolution of the Angouran Zn "oxide"-sulfide deposit, Iran Fakultt Chemie, Technische Universitt Mnchen, Germany albert.gilg@geo.tum.de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boni, Maria

    The 3-stage evolution of the Angouran Zn "oxide"-sulfide deposit, Iran H.A. Gilg Fakultät Chemie@unina.it F. Moore Geological Department, University Shiraz, Iran moor@geology.susc.ac.ir Keywords: Angouran, Iran, sulfide, MVT, smithsonite, hypogene, supergene ABSTRACT: The giant Angouran Zn-Pb deposit (Zanjan

  2. 43. Zur aktuellen Situation von Apis mel-lifera meda im Iran. K Bienefeld 1, GH Tah-K Bienefeld1 , GH Tah-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    43. Zur aktuellen Situation von Apis mel- lifera meda im Iran. K Bienefeld 1, GH Tah-K Bienefeld1, Iran; 3 Institut für Bienenkunde, Karl-von- Frisch-Weg 2, D-61440 Oberursel, Deutsch- land) Bis zu den in Iran Up to the political changes in 1979, many queens (Midnight and Starline hybrids) were imported

  3. Distribution of the right-lateral strikeslip motion from the Main Recent Fault to the Kazerun Fault System (Zagros, Iran): Evidence from present-day GPS velocities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    Fault System (Zagros, Iran): Evidence from present-day GPS velocities F. Tavakoli a,b , A. Walpersdorf a Center, Meraj Ave. Azadi Sq., P.O.Box 13185-1684, Tehran, Iran c CEREGE, CNRS, Université Aix-Marseille-3 Institute for Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, P.O. Box 19395/3913, Tehran, Iran e Institut de

  4. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Energy Efficiency for Heavy Industry in China, 1996-and energy efficiency for heavy industry (defined as ferrousand Energy Efficiency for Heavy Industry in China, 1996-2007

  5. Quenching China's Thirst for Renewable Power: Water Implications of China's Renewable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tower plant in China. Renewable and Sustainable Energyby plant in Guangxi. Renewable and Sustainable EnergyChinas Thirst for Renewable Power: Water Implications of

  6. Chinas Military Representatives:Striving Toward ProfessionalContracting and Procurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puska, Susan M; McReynolds, Joe; Geary, Debra

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    di- rection. Military representative reform could raise2011 Chinas Military Representatives: Striving Towardreforms is the Military Representative Office (MRO) system

  7. Building China's Information Technology Industry: Tariff Policy and China's Accession to the WTO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borrus, Michael; Cohen, Stephen

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Technology Industry: Tariff Policy and China's Accession toand thereby eliminate China's tariffs on semiconductors,make further substantial tariff reductions. A major issue

  8. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electricity Council. 2010. Smart Grid Snapshot: China Topswww.zpryme.com/reports/smart_grid_snapshot_global_and_china%Figure 48 2010 Federal Stimulus Investments in Smart Grid by

  9. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    South Korea Other Crude Oil Production by Region (1985-2010)North West Chinese Crude Oil Production by Regional SharesHenan Other Total Crude Oil Production: 209 Mt China's Crude

  10. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India i Japan Electricity Q i USA G a s China EnergyIndia Japan USA FSUf 3S4.8 Liquid Gas Electricity Heat fiIndia Japan USA FSU World f H Hydro- electricity Uranium

  11. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    continued growth of its coal- dominated energy system, Chinasectoral end use from coal China Energy Databook IX-3 (TableAND EXPORTS Net Energy Exports Coal Imports and Exports by

  12. China Energy Databook. Revision 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinton, J. E.; Fridley, D. G.; Levine, M. D.; Yang, F.; Zhenping, J.; Xing, Z.; Kejun, J.; Xiaofeng, L.

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Analysis Program at LBL first became involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and energy demand held in Nanjing Nov. 1988. EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute of China`s State Planning Commission. It was decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. Primary interest was to use the data to help understand the historical evolution and likely future of the Chinese energy system; thus the primary criterion was to relate the data to the structure of energy supply and demand in the past and to indicate probable developments (eg, as indicated by patterns of investment). Caveats are included in forewords to both the 1992 and 1996 editions. A chapter on energy prices is included in the 1996 edition. 1993 energy consumption data are not included since there was a major disruption in energy statistical collection in China that year.

  13. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    South Korea Other Crude Oil Production by Region (1985-2010)West Chinese Crude Oil Production by Regional Shares EastHenan Other Total Crude Oil Production: 209 Mt China's Crude

  14. China's Pathways to Energy Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beard, Steven; Caruana, Craig; Coats, Charles; Haguewood, Robert; Lee, Jong-Hwan; Morgan, Broderick; Murray, Joshua; Riedell, Michael

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from maritime border disputes. As oil pie shrinks, pressure to exploit disputed resources grows Tagp reduces availability by making region dependant on certain suppliers Could see a situation like russia w/ gas cutoffs . Less diversity & pipelines.... Current global liquid reserves are estimated to be about 1,342 billion barrels, with 56% located in the Middle East. 75% of the worlds natural gas reserves exist in the Middle East and Eurasia (Russia, Iran, and Qatar hold 57%). EIA 2009 Pg, 31. Only...

  15. China energy databook. 1992 Edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Feng Liu; Davis, W.B. [eds.] [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi [eds.] [Energy Research Inst., Beijing, BJ (China)

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Analysis Program (EAP) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first becamc involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of China`s State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industries more energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of energy supply and demand in the People`s Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues-we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. We are hopeful that this volume will not only help us in our work, but help build a broader community of Chinese energy policy studies within the US.

  16. DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mustafa, M. Tahir

    University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 360 Oct: Department of Mathematics, Hafr Al-Batin Community College, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, P of Mathematical Sciences, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia, Email

  17. DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mustafa, M. Tahir

    University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 361 Oct: Department of Mathematics, Hafr Al-Batin Community College, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, P of Mathematical Sciences, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia, Email

  18. Neo-Rentier Theory: The Case of Saudi Arabia (1950-2000) Global dependence on oil has not only radically transformed our economies, but also

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hille, Sander

    affect the flow of oil revenues to a rentier state and its ability to manipulate supplies and priceNeo-Rentier Theory: The Case of Saudi Arabia (1950-2000) Global dependence on oil has not only and producing countries. It has left consuming countries exposed to threats of supply disruption and price

  19. Inter-provincial Permanent and Temporary Migration in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Mingjie

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the role of migration in China's regional development and9: 485-502. Zhu, Yu. 2007. "China's floating population andThe settlement intention of Chinas floating population in

  20. China Energy Group - Sustainable Growth Through Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    full end-use model of Chinas energy economy for 2020.Assessed ways for China to meet its goal of reducing energyCenter (BSDC) Beijing University China Academy of Building

  1. International Flooring Conference 26 March 2009, Changzhou, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Flooring Conference 26 March 2009, Changzhou, China Global Trade of Wood Products;International Flooring Conference 26 March 2009, Changzhou, China Subjects I. Overview of developments II 26 March 2009, Changzhou, China Acknowledgements China National Forest Products Industry

  2. Climatic effects of different aerosol types in China simulated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. GU

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vignola (2000), Chinas dust affects solar resource in theof Earths surface solar radiation in China during 30 recentthe dust from China affects the solar radiation resource in

  3. Additive Manufacturing in China: Threats, Opportunities, and Developments (Part I)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ANDERSON, Eric

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    examine the application of additive manufacturing in ChinasBulletin Analysis May 2013 Additive Manufacturing in China:an overview of Chinas additive manufacturing industry is

  4. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Policies for Renewable Energy-the example of Chinas windframework,? Energy Policy 32 (2004): ?PR China,? Global WindWind Power in China: Policy and development challenges,? Energy Policy

  5. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chinas Potent Wind Potential. ? Technology Review,Fairley, ?Chinas Potent Wind Potential,? Technology Review,s Grid-Limited Wind Energy Potential. ? Carbon-Nation. 15

  6. Global Imbalances: Is Germany the new China? A Skeptical View

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    Aizenman, Joshua; Sengupta, Rajeswari

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    led growth of China and reducing the cost of funding therepression in China imply that the costs of sterilization in

  7. "Embrace China" show in Houston will celebrate 65th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    "Embrace China" show in Houston will celebrate 65th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China "Embrace China," a multi-arts show of the People's Republic of China. The Sino Professionals Association will host

  8. Fracture Detection and Water Sweep Characterization Using Single-well Imaging, Vertical Seismic Profiling and Cross-dipole Methods in Tight and Super-k Zones, Haradh II, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aljeshi, Hussain Abdulhadi A.

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This work was conducted to help understand a premature and irregular water breakthrough which resulted from a waterflooding project in the increment II region of Haradh oilfield in Saudi Arabia using different geophysical methods. Oil wells cannot...

  9. IU China Office Manager IU International Consulting and ResearchChina, LLC

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    Indiana University

    IU China Office Manager IU International Consulting and ResearchChina, LLC PRELIMINARY POSITION DESCRIPTION The IU China Office Manager will work in consultation with an Indiana University (IU) Academic Manager will be located at the IU China Office in Beijing and will be responsible for the following

  10. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences 2008 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS

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    Jiang, Ganqing

    Formation, South China The Ediacaran Period is characterized by unusually negative carbon isotope anomaliesScience in China Series D: Earth Sciences 2008 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS Springer www Doushantuo basin in South China JIANG GanQing1 , ZHANG ShiHong2,3 , SHI XiaoYing2,3 & WANG XinQiang1,2 1

  11. Science in China Series C: Life Sciences 2007 Science in China Press

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    Wu, Jianguo "Jingle"

    Science in China Series C: Life Sciences 2007 Science in China Press Springer-Verlag www.scichina.com www.springerlink.com Sci China Ser C-Life Sci | 2007 | vol. 50 | no. 2 | 277-284 Changes in biodiversity and ecosystem function during the restoration of a tropical forest in south China REN Hai1 , LI

  12. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences 2009 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS

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    Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences 2009 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS Springer www.scichina.com earth.scichina.com www.springerlink.com Forecasting the summer rainfall in North China using the year, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China; 2 Graduate University

  13. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences 2007 Science in China Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences 2007 Science in China Press Springer of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China; 2 Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China Monthly data of Self-Calibrated Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) from 1951 to 2000

  14. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

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    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    potential of different solar PV technologies, including both2007, p. 28. Status of Solar PV Technology China has been anResearch, 2010. Solar PV technology applications in China

  15. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    been revised over time and small hydro currently is definedChina. Prior to 1990, small hydro in China was defined hydroand does not include small hydro, which are often not grid-

  16. The domestic travel sector in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anders, Jeff, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China is already the largest domestic tourism market in the world. Chinese citizens made as many as 800 million overnight domestic trips in 2005. While travel is not a new concept in China, the disposable income they wield, ...

  17. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy in China. Renewable Energy 36 (5): 1374-1378. Chen,GoC/World Bank/GEF China Renewable Energy Scale-up Programwind power systems. Renewable Energy 35: 218-225. Lechon

  18. The dynamics of the China logistics industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cen, Xuepin

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As required by the WTO accession, China is opening its logistics industry to international logistics companies. What are these companies' strategies in the China market, and how are Chinese domestic logistics companies ...

  19. U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Second U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum, held May 5-6, 2011 in the U.S. at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California, highlighted U.S.-China cooperation on energy...

  20. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China. Prior to 1990, small hydro in China was defined hydrorevised over time and small hydro currently is defined asand does not include small hydro, which are often not grid-

  1. China's Coal: Demand, Constraints, and Externalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aden, Nathaniel

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    performance and cost, Energy Policy 37: 915-924. Chinaand costs The average efficiency of thermal electricity generation is comparatively low in ChinaChina lowers the coal recovery rate and increases extraction costs

  2. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  3. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. 2 Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  4. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria iraq jordan Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    East Timor Eritrea Ethiopia Haiti Iran Iraq - Kurdish Region Ivory Coast Lebanon Libya Saudi... elsewhere) Jordan Mauritania Niger North Korea Papua New Guinea Peru Qatar...

  6. Pontificia Universidad Catlica de Chile Gas Natural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Catlica de Chile)

    60 70 80 90 100 Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Azerbaijan Iran Qatar Saudi Arabia Libya. Generacin solar -fotovoltaica, concentradores solares. Pelamis Energa Geotrmica -energa calrica

  7. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 3 Free on Board. See Glossary. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  8. Energy and the Evolution of World-Systems: Fueling Power and Environmental Degradation, 1800-2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Kirk Steven

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Portugal Trinidad and Tobago Malta Saudi Arabia Argentinaper Capita, with Power Country Islamic Rep. of Iran MaltaAlgeria Malta Korea, Rep. of (South) Korea, Rep. of (South)

  9. Software Copyright and Piracy in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jia

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    business community has been China?s failure to deal adequately with intellectual property violations. Since the mid-1990s, western countries, led by the United States, have criticized China?s continued infringement of intellectual property 5... the application across the system. On the other hand, the term "piracy", though being used in various ways depending on the country and context, generally refers to infringements of copyright or related rights. The World Trade Organization (n.d.) defined...

  10. Sustainable Energy Future in China's Building Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, J.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    policies; this will generate significantly benefits given the fast- growing urbanization process and the number of buildings that will be constructed in the next 20 years in Chinese cities. ENERGY USE HISTORY AND OUTLOOK IN CHINA China...://www.energy.gov/ EIA. International Energy Outlook.2006. DOE, Washington. 2006. ERI. 2003. Chinas Sustainable Energy Future. European Commission Directorate General for Energy and Transport. 2001. Information and Communication. Fisher-Vanden et al...

  11. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An evaluation of biomass co-firing in Europe. Biomass andprimarily in Europe. China have also developed small biomass

  12. Evaluating China's pilot lowcarbon city initiative: nationa goals and local plans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khanna, Nina

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    INTEAPREGTOPENVIRONMENT/Resources/China_Cost_of_Pollution.pBank, 2007. Cost of pollution in China. Beijing, China.

  13. Review of China's Low-Carbon City Initiative and Developments in the Coal Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    more recent forecasts by Chinas Energy and CO 2 Emissionsforecasts for China in the 2011 International Energy

  14. Is China on Track to Comply with Its 2020 Copenhagen Carbon Intensity Commitment?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Yuan; Zhang, Junjie; Wang, Can

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    International Energy Outlook (IEO) 2013 forecasts Chinas COto forecast energy consumption directly. The China Energy

  15. Yangtze Patrol: American Naval Forces in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yangtze Patrol: American Naval Forces in China A Selected, Partially-Annotated Bibliography literature of the United States Navy in China. mvh #12;"Like Chimneys in Summer" The thousands of men who served on the China Station before World War II have been all but forgotten, except in the mythology

  16. Gain International Work Experience in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    Gain International Work Experience in China www.StudyCLI.org "The CLI internship gave me a huge boost both personally and professionally. At 21 years old, I've lived in China and can speak basic city of Guilin, China. CLIinternsengageinadynamicrangeofprojects: Y Establishnewrelationshipswith

  17. 211 / 985 China Universities Never Stand Still

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New South Wales, University of

    and Law Reference: Ministry of Education of People's Republic of China Website [http://www.moe.gov211 / 985 China Universities Never Stand Still NAME OF UNIVERSITY CHINESE NAME 211 985 Anhui of Posts and Telecommunications Beijing University of Technology Central China Normal University Central

  18. Producing China's Innovative Entrepreneurship: Nationalism, Cultural Practices, and Subject-Making of Transnational Chinese Professionals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Kun

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Social Networks within China's Floating Population.A. 2008. Privatizing China: Socialism from Afar. CornellOverseas and Returnee Scholars to China. The China Quarterly

  19. Potential Energy Savings and CO2 Emissions Reduction of China's Cement Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ke, Jing

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    House, Beijing. CCA (China Cement Association), 2009.China Cement Almanac 2008. Jiangsu People'sHouse, Nanjing. CCA (China Cement Association), 2010. China

  20. Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in China: Growth, Transition, and Institutional Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahrl, Fredrich James

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of reform in Chinas electricity sector. Pacific Affairs 77,Statistics for the Electricity Sector [????? 2009 ??????????of reform in Chinas electricity sector. Pacific Affairs 77,

  1. Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in China: Growth, Transition, and Institutional Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahrl, Fredrich James

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Regulation of T&D Costs in China [????? ????????]. Moderninstance 23 in China investment costs for advanced coalassesses the benefits and costs of Chinas proposed energy

  2. A review of China`s energy policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, F. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Duan, N. [Environment Management Institute, Beijing (China); Zhijie, H. [Energy Research Institute, Beijing (China)

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1992 China`s primary energy production reached 1075 million tons of coal equivalent by far the largest in the developing world. Because coal is the primary commercial fuel, rapid growth of carbon dioxide emissions is certain. Thus the attitude of the Chinese government toward energy and environmental issues becomes increasingly important to those involved in the study and analysis of global climate change and energy issues. This report is intended to provide a basic understanding of the development of China`s energy policymaking over the past four decades. The paper first reviews institutional development and policymaking and then describes the transition to the market-oriented system. While energy has consistently received a great deal of attention from the central government, the institutional basis for setting and implementing policies has shifted often. Reforms during the past 15 years have been incremental, piecemeal, and occasionally contradictory, but overall have freed a large portion of the energy industry from the strictures of a planned economy and laid the basis for broad price liberalization. Responsibility for energy planning is now dispersed among a number of organizations, rendering coordination of energy development difficult. Economic reform has rendered obsolete most of the policy-implementation means of the planning era. Although the new tools of central control are not fully effective, the trend toward decentralized decisionmaking has been strengthened. The report ends with a summary of energy forecasts used by Chinese policymakers, highlighting current policy goals and the issues that will shape future policy.

  3. Ghandi & Lin 1 Do Iran's Buy-Back Service Contracts Lead to Optimal Production?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    Ghandi & Lin 1 Do Iran's Buy-Back Service Contracts Lead to Optimal Production? The Case of Soroosh Exploration through a buy-back service contract. In particular, we examine the National Iranian Oil Company. Keywords: dynamic optimal oil production, buy-back service contract, National Iranian Oil Company

  4. Mineralogical Characteristics of Specimens of a Meteorwrong Fall from NW Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pourkhorsandi, Hamed

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the early hours of October 22, 2011, people of a small town in NW Iran, called Khameneh (38{\\deg}11'47" N, 45{\\deg}38'14" E) noticed sounds of some colliding objects to home roofs and yard floors. Mineralogical investigations revealed the terrestrial and man-made origin of these stony samples.

  5. Iran-United States Claims Tribunal Precedent in Investor-State Arbitration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, Christopher S.; Drahozal, Christopher R.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    decisional law); and (iv) the merits or instructive value of the prior tribunal's reasoning in reaching its decision - hence, its exposition of the law. Applying these factors to the jurisprudence of the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal demonstrates the importance...

  6. Cogeneration development and market potential in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, F.; Levine, M.D.; Naeb, J. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Xin, D. [State Planning Commission of China, Beijing, BJ (China). Energy Research Inst.

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China`s energy production is largely dependent on coal. China currently ranks third in global CO{sub 2} emissions, and rapid economic expansion is expected to raise emission levels even further in the coming decades. Cogeneration provides a cost-effective way of both utilizing limited energy resources and minimizing the environmental impacts from use of fossil fuels. However, in the last 10 years state investments for cogeneration projects in China have dropped by a factor of 4. This has prompted this study. Along with this in-depth analysis of China`s cogeneration policies and investment allocation is the speculation that advanced US technology and capital can assist in the continued growth of the cogeneration industry. This study provides the most current information available on cogeneration development and market potential in China.

  7. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tidal power stations 8.5 MWe Small-scale hydropower stations 14.41 G W Source: China Energytidal power have already been exploited on a small scale, but the capital- intensive nature of technologies for harnessing renew- able energy

  8. Stable isotope geochemistry of sulfur bearing minerals and clay mineralogy of some soils and sediments in Loot Desert, central Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Stable isotope geochemistry of sulfur bearing minerals and clay mineralogy of some soils Keywords: Sulfur geochemistry Gypsum crystallization water Clay mineralogy Palygorskite Iranian soils Loot technique and clay mineralogy were studied in different landforms in Loot Desert, central Iran. Four

  9. Cultivat(ing) modernities : the Society for National Heritage, political propaganda and public architecture in twentieth-century Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigor, Talinn, 1972-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Beginning in 1922, under the auspices of the Pahlavi dynasty of Iran, the tombs of selected historical figures were systematically destroyed to make way for modern mausoleums erected as metaphors for an "Aryan" nation in ...

  10. Landmarks of the Persian Renaissance : monumental funerary architecture in Iran and Central Asia in the tenth and eleventh centuries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michailidis, Melanie

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation investigates the sudden proliferation of mausolea in Iran and Central Asia in the tenth and eleventh centuries and how their patrons, who were secular rulers of Iranian descent, drew on the pre-Islamic ...

  11. Iran and the Boomeranging Cartoon Wars: Can Public Spheres At Risk Ally With Public Spheres Yet to be Achieved?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Michael M. J.

    Twelve cartoons, published in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten in September 2005, nine cartoons published in the Tehran newspaperIran in May 2006, and two hundred eighty-two cartoons curated in Tehran in September 2006 ...

  12. I am the brave hero and this land is mine: popular music and youth identity in post-revolutionary Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steward, Theresa Parvin

    2013-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past decade, popular music in Iran has steadily gained recognition beyond its borders. The Western media has increasingly provided an idealised and romanticised view of music-making in the Iranian underground. ...

  13. Evidence-based spatial intervention for regeneration of deteriorating urban areas, a case of study from Tehran, Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rismanchian, Omid

    2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Throughout the urban development process over the last seven decades in Tehran, the capital city of Iran, many self-generated neighbourhoods have developed in which the majority of the residents are low-income families. ...

  14. +++ CIVIL WAR IN SOUTH SUDAN CLAIMS THOUSANDS OF LIVES +++ NUMBER OF DIVORCES IN IRAN TRIPLES +++ AT LEAST 15 DEAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    +++ CIVIL WAR IN SOUTH SUDAN CLAIMS THOUSANDS OF LIVES +++ NUMBER OF DIVORCES IN IRAN TRIPLES of South Sudan, the newest member of the international community of sovereign states, shows. Researchers

  15. China in the World Trade Organization: Antidumping and Safeguards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    China in the World Trade Organization: Antidumping and Safeguards Patrick A. Messerlin China finds of antidumping measures, but (so far) one of the smallest users of such measures. China's World Trade China's recent antidumping enforcement; how China could minimize its exposure to foreign antidumping

  16. Beijing, China, December 1-4 General Chairs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iosup, Alexandru

    Beijing, China, December 1-4 General Chairs Hai Jin, China Yun Liu, China Program Chairs Martin Gilje Jaatun, Norway Gansen Zhao, China Program Vice Chairs Franck Cappello (Chair) Hai Jin, China Frode Eika Sandnes, Norway Advisory Committee Mark Musen, USA

  17. Innovation in Chinas Defense Research,Development, and Acquisition System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CHEUNG, Tai Ming

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the Study of Innovation and Technology in China, whichThe Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC) is aInnovation came overwhelmingly from foreign technology and

  18. Higher Education and Chinas Defense Science and Technology Establishment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ALDERMAN, Daniel

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STUDY OF INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY IN CHINA RESEARCH BRIEFThe Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC) is ainnovation centers that highlight their strongest research topics: high performance computing; laser technology

  19. Development of the Geothermal Heat Pump Market in China; Renewable Energy in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This case study is one in a series of Success Stories on developing renewable energy technologies in China for a business audience. It focuses on the development of the geothermal heat pump market in China.

  20. Lessons for China from a comparison of logistics in the U.S. and China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiong, Ming, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Logistics efficiency is low in China. In 2008, total logistics costs accounted for 18.1% of gross domestic product (GDP) in China, which was almost twice that of the United States. Increasing logistics efficiency can save ...

  1. Evolution and System Characteristics of Chinas Science, Technology, and Innovation Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WANG, Yuan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China began its S&T system reform, featuring cuts on direct gov-gov- ernment leaders who all put science and technology in a central position in China

  2. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coal gasification technology in China: Application and Development, presentation at the China-US Clean

  3. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Serbia and Montenegro Source: China Customs Bureau, 2002 Chapter 7, Imports and Exports China Energy

  4. Global Imbalances: Is Germany the new China? A Skeptical View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua; Sengupta, Rajeswari

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Global Imbalances: Is Germany the new China? A Skepticalpatterns of China and Germany. We point out that China'srecent years resembles that of Germanys. Yet, an important

  5. Accessing Future Flashpoints in the South China Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KAPLAN, Brad

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and D. MacDonald, U.S. -China Relations: Policy Is- sues,Bilateral consultations with China which stress both U.S.other regional actors, including China. Increased access to

  6. Navigating the Boundaries of Political Tolerance: Environmental Litigation in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Rachel E.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    harmonious society crucial for China's progress: Hu. Xinhuaykwy96n N.A. (2007). China Suspends Work on Shanghai MaglevUniversity Law School, China. Alford, William P. (2000).

  7. China Technology Center Celebrates 15 Years | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    China Technology Center Celebrates 15 Years of Innovation "In China for China" Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click...

  8. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Why is China going nuclear. ? Energy Policy 38 (2010): 3755-Chen, and Jonathan Hinze. ?Is China ready for its nuclearTimes. 24 August 2011. . ?China is leading the race to

  9. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    pollution changes due to the intersection of wind and coal in Chinas electricitypollution that will result if China is to meet the next decade of its electricity demand with coal-

  10. China's Approaches to Financing Sustainable Development: Policies, Practices, and Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Bo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Development of Chinas ESCO Industry, 2004-2007. JuneResources/ASTAE-China-ESCO-2004-2007-Note.pdf World Bank.strengthen the support for the ESCO industry. As a result of

  11. Additive Manufacturing in China: Aviation and Aerospace Applications (Part 2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ANDERSON, Eric

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    UVCALRysjTo. Study of Innovation and Technology in ChinaOffice. Study of Innovation and Technology in China SITC09-13. Study of Innovation and Technology in China SITC News

  12. Middle Paleozoic convergent orogenic belts in western Inner Mongolia (China)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Middle Paleozoic convergent orogenic belts in western Inner Mongolia (China): framework, kinematics recognized in western Inner Mongolia (China), including, from south to north: North China Craton (NCC), Southern Orogenic Belt (SOB), Hunshandake Block (HB), Northern Orogenic Belt (NOB), South Mongolia

  13. The building materials industry in China: An overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Feng [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Wang, Shumao [State Planning Commission, People`s Republic of China, (China). Energy Research Institute

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present study of China`s building materials industry is a collaborative work between the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of the State Planning Commission of China and Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) of the US Department of Energy (USDOE).

  14. Energy Conservation in China North Industries Corporation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    You, W. T.; De, C. H.; Chu, J. X.; Fu, L. R.

    . In some plants which have stable steam consumption we have established small scale power and steam cogeneration. This has improved boilers' efficiencies and utilization of energy. For further reduction oil firing, we have been studying on alternative... ENERGY CONSERVATION IN CHINA NORTH INDUSTRIES CORPORATION Wang Tian You, Chen Hua De, Jing Xing Chu, Ling Rui Fu, China North Industries Corporation Beijing, People's Republic of China ABSTRACT This paper describes an overview of the energy...

  15. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences 2009 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences 2009 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS Springer www of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China During the past decades, concurrent to summer and the solar radiation enhancing, the remains of these chemical reactions react with ozone photo

  16. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences 2009 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ), the POD basis functions can capture more energy in the forecast ensemble space and can represent itsScience in China Series D: Earth Sciences 2009 SCIENCE IN CHINA PRESS Springer www ZhengHui Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China The proper

  17. Impacts of China's Current Appliance Standards and Labeling Program to 2020

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David; Aden, Nathaniel; Zhou, Nan; Lin, Jiang

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    58: Historical and Forecast China Average Household Size,P ROGRAM Impacts of Chinas Current Appliance Standards and68 Implications for Chinas Current Energy Policy and

  18. Supercomputing and Energy in China: How Investment in HPC Affects Oil Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WILSON, Jordan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    relevant to Chinas energy security challenge and thusTo state Chinas energy security challenge briefly, an oilChinas Quest for Energy Security (Santa Monica, CA: RAND

  19. Potential Energy Savings and CO2 Emissions Reduction of China's Cement Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ke, Jing

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2050 China Energy and CO2 Emissions Report. Science Press,Energy Savings and CO2 Emissions Reduction of Chinas CementEnergy Savings and CO2 Emissions Reduction of Chinas Cement

  20. Cassava, a potential biofuel crop in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jansson, C.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cassava, a potential biofuel crop in China Christer Janssoncassava; bioethanol; biofuel; metabolic engineering; Chinathe potentials of cassava in the biofuel sector and point to

  1. China's Coal: Demand, Constraints, and Externalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aden, Nathaniel

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Reserves Circular. Beijing: MLR, cited in IEA. 2009.Cleaner Coal in China. Paris: IEA. Ghee Peh, Wei Ouyang. (London: WEC Press. IEA. (2007) World Energy Outlook 2007.

  2. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    s reliance on grain-based fuel ethanol and its competitionanalysis of cassava-based fuel ethanol in China. Journalscale application of fuel ethanol in 1999 and continued

  3. Cassava, a potential biofuel crop in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jansson, C.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy analysis of fuel ethanol from cassava in Thailand.of cassava-based fuel ethanol used as an alternativediversified materials for fuel ethanol production in China.

  4. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Technology. London: Renewable UK. Available at: http://tower plant in China. Renewable and Sustainable Energyby plant in Guangxi." Renewable and Sustainable Energy

  5. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Trough Concentrating Solar Power Plant and Impacts of Keyof a 1.5 MW solar power tower plant in China. Renewablelarger commercial solar power tower plants in Northwestern

  6. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    curtail-chinas-coal- gasification-for-fuel-yet-conversion-Biogas and Biomass Gasification Liquid Biofuels Bioethanolcombustion, biomass gasification and biomass co-fired coal

  7. China's Coal: Demand, Constraints, and Externalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aden, Nathaniel

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Shanxi and Inner Mongolia. Southern coastal areas with59 billion tonnes. Inner Mongolia trails Shanxi with anliquefaction plant in Inner Mongolia. 44 China has reviewed

  8. China Energy and Emissions Paths to 2030

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    share of per capita plastics demand, and net imports. Chinaproduction = Per capita primary plastic demand = Totalpopulation = Primary plastic demand to ethylene demand ratio

  9. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    curtail-chinas-coal- gasification-for-fuel-yet-conversion-coal as a feedstock, coal gasification produces syngas whichCoal to Methanol Gasification Coal to Synthetic Methanol

  10. Cogeneration Development and Market Potential in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, F.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China's Power Industry," Cogeneration Technolo- gy, V o l .tion Development," Cogeneration Technol- ogy, V o l . 41, NE Y NATIONAL LABORATORY Cogeneration Development and Market

  11. Evaluating the use of Social Impact Assessment in the context of agricultural development projects in Iran

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahmadvand, Mostafa, E-mail: ahmadvand_2000@yahoo.co [Faculty of Agriculture, Yasuj University, Yasuj (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Karami, Ezatollah, E-mail: ekarami@shirazu.ac.i [Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Zamani, Gholam Hossein, E-mail: zamani@shirazu.ac.i [Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Vanclay, Frank, E-mail: Frank.Vanclay@utas.edu.a [Tasmanian Institute of Agricultural Research, University of Tasmania, Hobart (Australia)

    2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The utilisation of Social Impact Assessment (SIA) in Iran is analysed in terms of its policy context and its application in practice. Five case studies where SIA was employed in conjunction with Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) for agricultural development projects are evaluated. In addition, the performance of the policy context is assessed. This research revealed that there are legal and institutional constraints to the effective functioning of SIA in Iran, and that there are deficiencies in the operating guidelines. There were serious problems associated with the way SIA was undertaken in all five case studies. Recommendations to improve the policy framework for the conduct of SIA are made. The recommendations advocate for a higher profile of SIA within legislation, for social issues to have greater emphasis in official guidelines for the conduct of EIA and SIA, and for a range of measures to increase the professionalism of SIA practice.

  12. Final report of the independent counsel for Iran/Contra matters. Volume 1: Investigations and prosecutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walsh, L.E.

    1993-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In October and November 1986, two secret U.S. Government operations were publicly exposed, potentially implicating Reagan Administration officials in illegal activities. These operations were the provision of assistance to the military activities of the Nicaraguan contra rebels during an October 1984 to October 1986 prohibition on such aid, and the sale of U.S. arms to Iran in contravention of stated U.S. policy and in possible violation of arms-export controls. In late November 1986, Reagan Administration officials announced that some of the proceeds from the sale of U.S. arms to Iran had been diverted to the contras. As a result of the exposure of these operations, Attorney General Edwin Meese III sought the appointment of an independent counsel to investigate and, if necessary, prosecute possible crimes arising from them. This is the final report of that investigation.

  13. Role of Wind in Vernacular Architecture of Hot and Humid Region of Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najafabadi, R. A.; Daneshvar, K.; Pakseresht, K.; Pooryousefzadeh, S.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the total framework which underlies architecture. Vernacular architecture in hot and humid regions of Iran has strong bonds with local climate. Shenasil, Taremi and Wind towers are the features that have developed according to climatic considerations... of different climatic elements on the vernacular architecture with a focus on humidity and air currents. Then, natural ventilation and the architectural elements involving it will be discussed. Finally, the wind towers of the region...

  14. Role of Wind in Vernacular Architecture of Hot and Humid Region of Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najafabadi, R. A.; Daneshvar, K.; Pakseresht, K.; Pooryousefzadeh, S.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the structure, and whose projecting ends were usually left to serve as scaffolding for cleaning and maintenance (figure 7). Figure 7- Plan of wind tower shows an X configuration. Wind towers are often classified by the number of directions from...ROLE OF WIND IN VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE OF HOT AND HUMID REGION OF IRAN RAHMAN AZARI NAJAFABADI ACADEMIC STAFF STUDENT KIMIYA DANESHVAR SAHAR PAKSERESHT SARA POORYOUSEFZADEH STUDENT STUDENT ART...

  15. Overview of China's Vehicle Emission Control Program: Past Successes...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Overview of China's Vehicle Emission Control Program: Past Successes and Future Prospects Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Overview of China's Vehicle...

  16. The Second US-China Energy Efficiency Forum: Energy Management...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The Second US-China Energy Efficiency Forum: Energy Management Standards and Implementation The Second US-China Energy Efficiency Forum: Energy Management Standards and...

  17. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    solar panels are too expensive to install domestically, ChinaChina,? as Chinese wind resources are abundant and wind power is cheaper than solar

  18. anhui province china: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Guizhu 7 Increasing Energy Efficiency and Reducing Emissions from China's Cement Kilns: Audit Report of Two Cement Plants in Shandong Province, China University of California...

  19. China Glass Solar aka CG Solar formerly Weihai Bluestar Terra...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China Glass Solar aka CG Solar formerly Weihai Bluestar Terra Photovoltaic Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Glass Solar (aka CG Solar, formerly Weihai Bluestar Terra...

  20. China Solar Energy Ltd Tianpu Xianxing Group aka Beijing Universal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China Solar Energy Ltd Tianpu Xianxing Group aka Beijing Universal Antecedence Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Solar Energy Ltd (Tianpu Xianxing Group, aka Beijing...

  1. autonomous region china: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    magnetism of the Neogene Kuitun He section (northwest China of Geology and Mineral Resources of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Urumqi, China g Department East Beijing Road,...

  2. The Political Economy of Wind Power in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Ryan Landon

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the expansion of nuclear power to decouple Chinas energyoffshore wind power to be cheaper than nuclear power. 21 In

  3. China's Approaches to Financing Sustainable Development: Policies, Practices, and Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Bo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of domestic clean energy business is common outside China.the Catalyst for Business Financing. China Energy Service.energy conservation and environmental protection, is a new business

  4. Shenyang Huachuang Wind Energy Corporation HCWE aka China Creative...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Shenyang Huachuang Wind Energy Corporation HCWE aka China Creative Wind Energy Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Shenyang Huachuang Wind Energy Corporation (HCWE) (aka China...

  5. Innovate in China, Innovate for China | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) EnvironmentalGyroSolé(tm)HydrogenRFPTri-PartyFor manyInhibitingInnovate in China,

  6. Chinas Talent Recruitment Programs: The Road to a Nobel Prize and World Hegemony in Science?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SALVINO, Liming

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STUDY OF INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY IN CHINA RESEARCH BRIEFThe Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC) is afor science, technology, and innovation are contributions

  7. China's Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest Industrial Enterprises in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monitoring of Direct Energy Consumption in Long-Term2007. Constraining Energy Consumption of Chinas LargestProgram: Reducing Energy Consumption of the 1000 Largest

  8. Building Energy Efficiency in Rural China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; Yu, Sha; Song, Bo; Deng, Qinqin; Liu, Jing; Delgado, Alison

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rural buildings in China now account for more than half of Chinas total building energy use. Forty percent of the floorspace in China is in rural villages and towns. Most of these buildings are very energy inefficient, and may struggle to meet basic needs. They are cold in the winter, and often experience indoor air pollution from fuel use. The Chinese government plans to adopt a voluntary building energy code, or design standard, for rural homes. The goal is to build on Chinas success with codes in urban areas to improve efficiency and comfort in rural homes. The Chinese government recognizes rural buildings represent a major opportunity for improving national building energy efficiency. The challenges of rural China are also greater than those of urban areas in many ways because of the limited local capacity and low income levels. The Chinese government wants to expand on new programs to subsidize energy efficiency improvements in rural homes to build capacity for larger-scale improvement. This article summarizes the trends and status of rural building energy use in China. It then provides an overview of the new rural building design standard, and describes options and issues to move forward with implementation.

  9. TSINGHUA -MIT China Energy & Climate Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TSINGHUA - MIT China Energy & Climate Project Will economic restructuring in China reduce trade to: discover new interactions among natural and human climate system components; objectively assess future; and improve methods to model, monitor and verify greenhouse gas emissions and climatic impacts

  10. TSINGHUA -MIT China Energy & Climate Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TSINGHUA - MIT China Energy & Climate Project An Integrated Assessment of China's Wind Energy to: discover new interactions among natural and human climate system components; objectively assess future; and improve methods to model, monitor and verify greenhouse gas emissions and climatic impacts

  11. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    renewable energy such as solar and wind, policy support forWind Energy Development In spite of the recent boom of Chinas wind industry following various supporting policiesWind Energy Development . 27 3.5.1 Grid Connection and Integration Challenges .. 28 3.5.2 Technical Challenges to Wind Development 28 3.5.3 Policy

  12. Predicting porosity in a Saudi Arabian carbonate reservoir using geologic constraints integrated with 3-D seismic and well data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeffery, R.; Thomsen, M. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for predicting lateral changes in reservoir porosity using 3-D seismic Aptitudes, calibrated against the amplitude response versus porosity measured at a select number of wells, was implemented and applied to produce a porosity map of a Saudi Arabian carbonate reservoir. The technique relies on the uniform lithologic seismic response of an overlying anhydrite, and thus assigns variations in amplitudes at the reservoir level to changes in reservoir average porosity. Throughout the study area, reservoir porosity and acoustic impedance logs exhibit a firm linear relationship. As reservoir porosity increases, its acoustic impedance decreases, and the greater contrast with the overlying anhydrite translates into larger seismic amplitudes. Thus, we expect the reservoir`s relative amplitude response to also increase linearly with increasing porosity. A check on this hypothesis was provided by computing synthetic seismograms at several wells, and measuring the reservoir`s theoretical amplitude response versus porosity averaged over the producing zone within the reservoir. This trend supported a linear seismic amplitude to porosity transform. Upon verification of the technique`s applicability, the reservoirs amplitude response was extracted from the 3-D seismic volume in the vicinity of several wells. These were used in conjunction with porosities averaged ever the reservoir to derive the amplitude to porosity transform. This transform was used in converting the mapped reservoir amplitudes into variations in average porosities. The success ratio for predicting porosities in wells not used in the analysis was nearly perfect, and the map continues to correctly predict porosities in subsequently drilled wells.

  13. Integration of 3-D seismic data with reservoir modeling of a stratigraphically complex reservoir, central Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simms, S.C. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A 425-km[sup 2], three-dimensional (3-D) seismic survey was shot in 1992 over one of the recently discovered oil fields in central Saudi Arabia. The primary objective of this survey was to provide stratigraphic control within a complex fluvial reservoir. The Permian age reservoir is a multistory, multilateral sequence of sandstones interbedded with nonproductive mudstones and siltstones. The seismic data were integrated with well control from over 50 wells to produce a 3-D geologic model of the reservoir. Numerous examples of the seismic and well data are presented in this case history. Stratigraphic cross sections through the wells illustrate that the complex nature of the reservoir and seismic sections through these wells show good correlation between seismic character and stratigraphy. Meandering channels and massive siltstone/mudstone bodies are clearly visible on seismic horizon slices and time slices. Faulting is evident on both seismic section at times slices. Acoustic impedance sections produced from both forward and inverse modeling of the seismic data are compared with geologic models of porosity and lithology based on well control alone. Good correlation between acoustic impedance and porosity/lithology allow the use of the seismic data to guide the model between well locations. A geostatistical approach was used to interpolate between well control using the inverted seismic as [open quotes]soft data.[close quotes] 3-D visualization of the geological model illustrates increasing complexity from well control only to an integrated model.

  14. Potential petroleum source rock deposition in the middle Cretaceous Wasia Formation, Rub'Al Khali, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newell, K.D.; Hennington, R.D.

    1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stratigraphic correlation and regional geochemical sampling in the Rub'Al Khali (The Empty Quarter) of Saudi Arabia indicate at least two potential petroleum source rock units occur in the middle Cretaceous Wasia Formation. These two sequences, informally named the Safaniya ''source rock'' and the lower Mishrif, are dominated by oil-prone amorphous (Type II) organic matter, in places in excess of 10 weight percent organic carbon. Both units are fine-grained pelagic lime mudstones which were probably deposited in relatively quiet anoxic waters of large intraplatform embayments or basins. The Safaniya ''source rock'' and the lower Mishrif reflect strong marine transgressions on the Arabian craton in Albian to Cenomanian and Cenomanian to Turonian time, respectively. Regressive-phase sedimentary rocks overlying these two transgressive organic-rock phases are generally poor in organic carbon despite being deposited, in part, in similar forereef open-marine depositional settings. The sealevel high-stands associated with the Safaniya ''source rock'' and the lower Mishrif are partly synchronous with two recently described ''oceanic anoxic events'' respectively occurring in late Barremian to late Albian time and late Cenomanian to early Turonian time. Although there is a credible time correlation of these organic-rock units with oceanic anoxic events, their connection to oceanic anoxic events could be strengthened if they could be traced out to the vicinity of the middle Cretaceous continental margin.

  15. A depositional model in the Arabian Intrashelf basin: The Upper Jurassic Hanifa reservoir of Abqaiq field, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, D.L. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abqaiq field is a northeast-trending anticline approximately 60 km long and 12 km wide and contains several reservoirs. The 100 m thick Hanifa Reservoir interval consists of interlayered peloidal packstone and wackestone with subordinate dolomite and anhydrite. During an Upper Jurassic relative sea level lowstand, paleotopography within the Arabian Intrashelf basin localized fine-grained packstone into isolated mounds over the Abqaiq South Dome area, while muddier facies were being deposited over the North Nose. The Abqaiq Hanifa carbonate mound was zoned using sequence stratigraphy as a conceptual framework to ensure that chronostratigraphic relationships were honored, and that the subsequent computer model would therefore accurately reflect spatial porosity continuity within the reservoir. The Hanifa Reservoir was subdivided into five widely correlative zones that approximate separate parasequences, each beginning with tight mudstone-wackestone and grading upward into porous wackestone-packstone. Sequence stratigraphy interpretations are based on regional wireline log correlations combined with core descriptions and show the Abqaiq Hanifa to be time equivalent to only the upper few meters of the Hanifa Reservoir in fields to the north. In addition to reservoir modeling utility, these two general intrashelf basin settings have potential for stratigraphic traps. Wherever reservoir-quality rock can be found, proximity to the Hanifa/Hadriya source rocks-the source for much of Saudi Arabia's vast reserves-makes the Hanifa a favorable exploration target.

  16. A Surgeon in Wartime China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, Lyle Stephenson

    1946-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    at Natal, Brazil. Although personally experienced in flying a great many types of airplanes, I never cease to marvel at the accuracy and precision with which man is able to bring down tons and tons of dead weight of steel EAST TO CATHAY 7 and cargo... for this long over-water hop. 10 A SURGEON IN WARTIME CHINA All types of aircraft were being flown across this route, from fighters fitted with extra tanks to medium and heavy bombers. Again we were fortunate in being assigned to a heavy four...

  17. CHINA SPALLATION NEUTRON SOURCE DESIGN.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WEI,J.

    2007-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS) is an accelerator-based high-power project currently in preparation under the direction of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). The complex is based on an H- linear accelerator, a rapid cycling proton synchrotron accelerating the beam to 1.6 GeV, a solid tungsten target station, and five initial instruments for spallation neutron applications. The facility will operate at 25 Hz repetition rate with a phase-I beam power of about 120 kW. The major challenge is to build a robust and reliable user's facility with upgrade potential at a fractional of ''world standard'' cost.

  18. 1. Dumont, Grard-Franois, La France et l'Iran : des nations si lointaines et si proches , Gostratgiques, n 10,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1. Dumont, Gérard-François, « La France et l'Iran : des nations si lointaines et si proches Arménie ?mirats ar. unis Turkménistan Azerbaïdjan Arabie saoudite Irak Afghanistan Iran 71,2 69,2 31,9 31

  19. STEEL STRUCTURES FOR BUILDING IN CHINA PROF. HE MINGXUAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    STEEL STRUCTURES FOR BUILDING IN CHINA PROF. HE MINGXUAN VICE-PRESIDENT OF CHINA STEEL CONSTRUCTION SOCIETY CHIEF ENGINEER OF BAOSTEEL CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD JULY 6, 2012 LONDON #12;1. STEEL AND STEEL STRUCTURES IN CHINA 2. SOME PROJECTS OF STEEL STRUCTURES FOR HIGH- RISE BUILDINGS IN CHINA #12;STEEL

  20. The China Quarterly http://journals.cambridge.org/CQY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elman, Benjamin

    The China Quarterly http://journals.cambridge.org/CQY Additional services for The China Quarterly and Boston: Brill, 2012. vii + 394 pp., 133.00 $182.00. ISBN 9789004218444 Benjamin A. Elman The China this article: Benjamin A. Elman (2012). The China Quarterly, 212, pp 11451148 doi:10.1017/ S0305741012001440

  1. The China Quarterly http://journals.cambridge.org/CQY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Youqin

    The China Quarterly http://journals.cambridge.org/CQY Additional services for The China Quarterly here Lowincome Housing in Chinese Cities: Policies and Practices Youqin Huang The China Quarterly (2012). Lowincome Housing in Chinese Cities: Policies and Practices. The China Quarterly, 212, pp

  2. The Role of China in Mitigating Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paltsev, S.

    We explore short- and long-term implications of several energy scenarios of Chinas role in efforts to mitigate global climate risk. The focus is on the impacts on Chinas energy system and GDP growth, and on global climate ...

  3. China and Europe enhance cooperation 09 December 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    News China and Europe enhance cooperation 09 December 2004 China and the European Union (EU) signed nuclear facilities in China while many in the bloc will be shutting down. The agreement also includes)'. China, along with Russia, is supporting the EU's bid to build Iter in France, while South Korea

  4. The China Survey Texas A&M University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermdez, Jos Luis

    The China Survey Texas A&M University Board of Overseers: Robert Harmel, Political Science, Texas A of Pittsburgh Announcement of Invitation to Propose Items The China Survey is a nationwide, multi-disciplinary, social science survey of China. It is a major infrastructure project of The China Archive, Survey

  5. China's Urban Transportation System: Issues and Policies Facing Cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    China's Urban Transportation System: Issues and Policies Facing Cities Chris Cherry WORKING PAPER UCB-ITS-VWP-2005-4 August 2005 #12;1 1. Introduction China is the most populous country in the world are on the forefront of the political and academic agenda in China and throughout the world. China has experienced

  6. China-US Collaborative Research on Life in Terrestrial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Symposium: China-US Collaborative Research on Life in Terrestrial Geothermal Springs Information, Agenda, and Abstracts June 26-28, 2013, Kunming, China #12;Symposium: China-US Collaborative Research on Life in Terrestrial Geothermal Springs Kunming, China June 26-28, 2013 Information, Agenda

  7. CHINA SCHOLARSHIP COUNCIL 9 A3-13 100044

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kersting, Roland

    CHINA SCHOLARSHIP COUNCIL 9 A3-13 100044 No.9 A3-13 chegongzhuang Street, Beijing P.R.China)./Other Languages:___________________________________________________________________ 5. /Proposed Study in China: a Scholar /Senior Scholar b)./Subject or Field of Study in China:____________________________________ c

  8. CHINA-AFRICA RELATIONS GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND SECURITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    CHINA-AFRICA RELATIONS GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND SECURITY Editors Mulugeta Gebrehiwot Berhe and Liu Hongwu #12;CHINA-AFRICA RELATIONS GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND SECURITY Editors Mulugeta Gebrehiwot Berhe of China China's Evolving Policy towards Peace and Security in Africa: Constructing a new paradigm

  9. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zheng, Nina; Fridley, David

    2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In addition to promoting energy efficiency, China has actively pursued alternative energy development as a strategy to reduce its energy demand and carbon emissions. One area of particular focus has been to raise the share of alternative energy in Chinas rapidly growing electricity generation with a 2020 target of 15% share of total primary energy. Over the last ten years, China has established several major renewable energy regulations along with programs and subsidies to encourage the growth of non-fossil alternative energy including solar, wind, nuclear, hydro, geothermal and biomass power as well as biofuels and coal alternatives. This study thus seeks to examine Chinas alternative energy in terms of what has and will continue to drive alternative energy development in China as well as analyze in depth the growth potential and challenges facing each specific technology. This study found that despite recent policies enabling extraordinary capacity and investment growth, alternative energy technologies face constraints and barriers to growth. For relatively new technologies that have not achieved commercialization such as concentrated solar thermal, geothermal and biomass power, China faces technological limitations to expanding the scale of installed capacity. While some alternative technologies such as hydropower and coal alternatives have been slowed by uneven and often changing market and policy support, others such as wind and solar PV have encountered physical and institutional barriers to grid integration. Lastly, all alternative energy technologies face constraints in human resources and raw material resources including land and water, with some facing supply limitations in critical elements such as uranium for nuclear, neodymium for wind and rare earth metals for advanced solar PV. In light of Chinas potential for and barriers to growth, the resource and energy requirement for alternative energy technologies were modeled and scenario analysis used to evaluate the energy and emission impact of two pathways of alternative energy development. The results show that China can only meets its 2015 and 2020 targets for non-fossil penetration if it successfully achieves all of its capacity targets for 2020 with continued expansion through 2030. To achieve this level of alternative generation, significant amounts of raw materials including 235 Mt of concrete, 54 Mt of steel, 5 Mt of copper along with 3 billion tons of water and 64 thousand square kilometers of land are needed. Chinas alternative energy supply will likely have relatively high average energy output to fossil fuel input ratio of 42 declining to 26 over time, but this ratio is largely skewed by nuclear and hydropower capacity. With successful alternative energy development, 32% of Chinas electricity and 21% of its total primary energy will be supplied by alternative energy by 2030. Compared to the counterfactual baseline in which alternative energy development stumbles and China does not meet its capacity targets until 2030, alternative energy development can displace 175 Mtce of coal inputs per year and 2080 Mtce cumulatively from power generation by 2030. In carbon terms, this translates into 5520 Mt of displaced CO{sub 2} emissions over the twenty year period, with more than half coming from expanded nuclear and wind power generation. These results illustrate the critical role that alternative energy development can play alongside energy efficiency in reducing Chinas energy-related carbon emissions.

  10. July 5 -August 2 (SICCEP and IP-CHINA) July 19 -August 16 (IP-CHINA and SICCEP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrmann, Samuel

    July 5 - August 2 (SICCEP and IP-CHINA) July 19 - August 16 (IP-CHINA and SICCEP) Summer School ................................................................................................. 11 #12;#12;SUMMER SCHOOL 2014 Page 4 SICCEP IP-CHINA-CHINA Introduction to Chinese LawIntroduction to Chinese Law, Institutions, and Politics, Institutions, and Politics Environment, Science, and Society

  11. Study Abroad in China Summer Course PB495/595: Plant Resources and Ecology in Eastern China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiang, Jenny Qiuyun

    Study Abroad in China Summer Course PB495/595: Plant Resources and Ecology in Eastern China to famous mountains, wetland parks, and lakes in eastern China, students will gain skills in field botany and knowledge of wetland and lake ecology, plant biodiversity and its uses in China. The course enhances cross

  12. Measured energy performance of a US-China demonstration energy-efficient office building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Peng; Huang, Joe; Jin, Ruidong; Yang, Guoxiong

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China demonstration energy- efficient commercial building,China Demonstration Energy Efficient Office Building insideUS-China demonstration energy-efficient office building Peng

  13. Children on the Margins: The Global Politics of Orphanage Care in Contemporary China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Leslie Kim

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Adoption of Female Children in Contemporary Rural China."The China Journal 56: 63-82. -----.in Contemporary Rural China." Journal of Family Issues Zhou,

  14. Epidemiology of Malignant Tumors among HIV-infected Population in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Weiming

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the HIV/AIDS Epidemic in China. 2010, Beijing. 21. RothmanCHINA. OF INCIDENT KAPOSI SARCOMA AMONG HIV/AIDS COHORT IN CHINA. (

  15. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2001. Zhongguo Qiche Gongye Nianjian (China Automotive Guideto the China Energy Databook, Distribution Version IndustryEditorial Board of the China Automotive Industry Yearbook.

  16. Spin-On for the Renaissance?The Current State of China's Nuclear Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, Jing-dong

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and oversee and review nuclear technology trans- fers andwith Chinas State Nuclear Power Technology Corpora- tion,Chinas own technologies in developing nuclear power proj-

  17. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Board of the China Automotive Industry Yearbook. CCTV (Chinaof Energy. China Automotive Industry Corporation and theno. 2, 1994; China Automotive Industry Corporation, et

  18. Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China, 2008,The China Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Human andfor Residential Energy Consumption in China Nan Zhou,

  19. Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The China Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Human andof Residential Building Energy Consumption in China Nan ZhouResidential Building Energy Consumption in China Nan Zhou*,

  20. China National CDM Board | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation inOpenadd:Information China ElectronicChinaChina

  1. China Photoelectricity Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation inOpenadd:Information ChinaChina New Energy Ltd CNE JumpChina

  2. China Zhaodong Jianye Fuel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation inOpenadd:Information ChinaChina NewUnitedChina Zhaodong

  3. China s Green Beat | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation inOpenadd:Information ChinaChina NewUnitedChinaPVChina s Green

  4. Chinas R&D for Energy Efficient Buildings: Insights for U.S. Cooperation with China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd

    2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes an evaluation of Chinas current activities and future direction in building energy efficiency R&D and its relevance to DOEs R&D activities under the Building Technologies Program in the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. The researchers reviewed the major R&D programs in China including the so-called 973 Program, the 863 Program, and the Key Technology R&D Program1 as well as the research activities of major research institutes. The report also reviewed several relevant documents of the Chinese government, websites (including the International Energy Agency and national and local governments in China), newsletters, and financial information listed in the program documents and websites.

  5. Chinas Defense Technology and Industrial Base in a Regional Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bitzinger, Richard A

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC) is aindustries, in terms of technology innovation these regionalregion, in terms of technology innovation, continues to run

  6. What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fridley, David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    75 Figure 60 Planned HVDC Projects inmine-mouth generation with HVDC by 2062 Mtce 4393 Mt CO 2intermittency. Figure 60 Planned HVDC Projects in China

  7. MS Degree in Mechanical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, April 2006. Grade Point Average 3.34/4.00. MS Thesis on "The Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, John M.

    /Lab Engineer, The Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates May 2006 June 2012: Core Analysis Engineer, Research Institute, Center for Petroleum and Minerals, KFUPM, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia February for the Petroleum Institute in Abu Dhabi In depth knowledge and practical experience of reservoir rock properties

  8. Health Damages from Air Pollution in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matus, Kira

    In China, elevated levels of urban air pollution result in substantial adverse health impacts for its large and rapidly growing urban population. An expanded version of the Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA), ...

  9. Copyright and the public interest in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Guan Hong

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis will consider how the multidimensional public interest concept at once informs development of Chinese copyright law and also limits it. Since 1990 China has awarded copyright - individual rights - but also ...

  10. Developing a private equity business in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gui, Zhaoyu

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The private equity business, a good complement to the public equity market and the debt market, has been playing an increasing role in China. However, there is no universal formula for doing this business. As an art rather ...

  11. Equity and Emissions Trading in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, D.

    China has embarked on an ambitious pathway for establishing a national carbon market in the next five to ten years. In this study, we analyze the distributional aspects of a Chinese emissions-trading scheme from ethical, ...

  12. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    into three main categories: off-grid remote solar PV and PV-of the investment for off-grid remote PV projects subsidizedused in China for rural, off-grid electricity generation

  13. Three essays on development economics in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Nancy

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation is a collection of three independent essays in empirical development economics using data from China. In the first two chapters, I examine the determinants of choices within the household. In the first ...

  14. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    51 Table 23. Biodiesel Producers by Productionexempt consumption tax on biodiesel. Reuters, 27 Decemberarticle/2010/12/27/us- china-biodiesel-idUSTRE6BQ2EM20101227

  15. Potential of geothermal energy in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sung, Peter On

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis provides an overview of geothermal power generation and the potential for geothermal energy utilization in China. Geothermal energy is thermal energy stored in the earth's crust and currently the only ubiquitously ...

  16. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dish stirling technology with a parabolic reflector, China has only recently started exploring small-scale solardish/stirling engines and line- focusing Fresnel reflect systems (Wang, 2010). 2.5 Remaining Challenges to Solar

  17. U.S.-China vehicle annex

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The United States and China conduct information exchanges, joint studies, technology demonstrations, and training sessions with national laboratories, automotive industry partners, and other private industries involved in energy efficient transportation.

  18. The China-in-Global Energy Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qi, T.

    The China-in-Global Energy Model (C-GEM) is a global Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model that captures the interaction of production, consumption and trade among multiple global regions and sectors including five ...

  19. China's Coal: Demand, Constraints, and Externalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aden, Nathaniel

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    coal electricity generation efficiency also varies by plantplants. The unit water requirement of coal-fired electricity generationelectricity generation is comparatively low in China due to the prevalence of small, outdated coal-fired power plants.

  20. Publicity-driven accountability in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Distelhorst, Gregory Michael

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    What, if anything, renders unelected bureaucrats accountable to the public? This thesis draws upon field research on contemporary China's news media, officials, and activists to theorize the role of publicity in non-electoral ...