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1

IPT Agenda  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

IPT Agenda IPT Agenda 1. Communications Channels & Protocols 2. Project Priorities 3. High Level Schedule Milestones 4. PARS II Problem Classification 5. Moving to Weekly IPT Meetings Overarching Integrated Project Team (OIPT) Chair: Pete Check EM Deployment Lead (Eric Cochran) (alt. Emil Soltan) NA Deployment Lead (Rich Person) (alt. Mark Sinichko) SC Deployment Lead (Kurt Fisher) (alt. _________) Executive Steering Committee (ESC) Chair: Paul Bosco EM Member: Bob Raines NA Member: Mike Hickman SC Member: Dan Lehman Prime PARS-II Contractor (EES) PM: Ken Henderson PARS-II Subcontractor (Dekker) FPD X Contractor X Site Lead X Contractor Y Contractor Z PARS-II Federal Project Manager (John Makepeace) Site Lead Y Site Lead Z FPD Y FPD Z Daniel Poneman Deputy Secretary of Energy Communication Channels

2

Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

environment, that of the state of California. The panel for this tutorial session includes representative from a broad cross-section of the cogeneration industry including industrial users, engineering firms, developers and equipment manufacturers. 129...

Jenkins, S. C.

3

Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Education is mainly a public responsibility and the government provides all the facilities to run the education system, ensuring free education policy. Education policymakers are concerned about providing equitable opportunities to have access and participation in education. Sri Lankan education is free for children from grade 1 to undergraduate level. Sri Lanka implements a number of subsidy programs ensuring horizontal and vertical equity in line with the free education policy. When compared with other countries’ similar socioeconomic conditions, educational attainments in Sri Lanka are high. Sri Lanka invests comparatively lesser percentage of public expenditure on education, but achievements and outcomes are significant. As a result of the implementation of education reforms and a number of policy initiatives, the present education development programs are mainly concerned about improving learning outcomes of students in order to accelerate quality development of education. This has improved planning, budgeting, and resourcing mechanisms.

B.M.J. Balasooriya; M.M. Wehella; S.U. Wijeratne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

NSLS-II Integrated Project Team (IPT)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NSLS-II Integrated Project Team NSLS-II Integrated Project Team DOE uses an integrated project teaming approach for managing the NSLS-II Project. This Integrated Project Team (IPT), organized and led by the NSLS-II Federal Project Director, is an essential element in DOE's acquisition process and is being used during all phases of the project's life cycle. This team consists of professionals representing diverse disciplines with the specific knowledge, skills, and abilities to support the Federal Project Director in successfully executing the project. The IPT for the NSLS-II Project will consist of members from both DOE and the contractor, Brookhaven Science Associates (BSA). The team membership will change as the project progresses from initiation to closeout to ensure the necessary skills are always represented to meet the project's needs.

5

Cogeneration Planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cogeneration projects for its plants. Of concern to us are rapidly escalating electrical costs plus concern about the future of some utilities to maintain reserve capacity. Our review to date revolves around (1) obtaining low-cost reliable fuel supplies...

Mozzo, M. A. Jr.

6

SRI International | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SRI International Jump to: navigation, search Name: SRI International Region: United States Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Website: http:www.sri.com This company is listed in...

7

Cogeneration Economics for Process Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the incentives for cogeneration, describing pertinent legislation and qualification requirements for cogeneration benefits, and indicates the performance and economic characteristics of combined cycle cogeneration applications...

Ahner, D. J.

8

Cogeneration Operational Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

important, however, are the operational Issues which impact the utility and the cogenerator. This paper addresses the utility perspective in regard to possible impact of cogeneration systems on utility service to other customer, safety and substation...

Williams, M.

9

SRI2007 Conference - Proceedings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conference Proceedings The SRI2007 Conference Proceedings will be published as a special issue of Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A (NIMA). Each...

10

cogeneration | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cogeneration cogeneration Dataset Summary Description The New Zealand Ministry of Economic Development publishes energy data including many datasets related to electricity. Included here are four electricity generation datasets: quarterly net electricity by fuel type from 1974 to 2010 (in both GWh and PJ); annual net electricity generation by fuel type- cogeneration separated (1975 - 2009); and estimated generation by fuel type for North Island, South Island and New Zealand (2009). The fuel types include: hydro, geothermal, biogas, wind, oil, coal, and gas. Source New Zealand Ministry of Economic Development Date Released July 03rd, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords biogas coal cogeneration Electricity Generation geothermal Hydro Natural Gas oil wind Data

11

INNOVATIVE PROCESS TECHNOLOGIES (IPT) NETL Team Technical Coordinator: David Alman  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

INNOVATIVE PROCESS TECHNOLOGIES (IPT) NETL Team Technical Coordinator: David Alman INNOVATIVE PROCESS TECHNOLOGIES (IPT) NETL Team Technical Coordinator: David Alman Name Title Affiliation Alfonso, Dominic R Physical Scientist NETL Brow n, Thomas D General Engineer NETL Buric, Michael General Engineer NETL Casleton, Kent H Physical Scientist NETL Chorpening, Benjamin Mechanical Engineer NETL Dogan, Omer Materials Research Eng NETL Ferguson, Donald H Mechanical Engineer NETL Gerdemann,Stephen Chemical Engineer NETL Haw k, Jeffrey Materials Research Eng NETL Huckaby, E David Mechanical Engineer NETL Manivannan, Ayyakkannu General Engineer NETL Ochs, Thomas L General Engineer NETL Ohodnicki, Paul General Engineer NETL Oryshchyn, Danylo Mechanical Engineer NETL Shahnam, Mehrdad General Engineer NETL Sidw ell, Todd G Mechanical Engineer NETL Strakey, Peter A Physical Scientist

12

Sri Ganapathi Ragam: Sowrastram  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; dNd | P ; ; P M-DPM gmPmg R R ; R ; || sri - ga na pa- - - -- thi- ni - - - -- - se ­ vim-pa ra--- - - - thi ni - - - - - se- vim-pa ra- - - - - - -- - - -- - - R ; -S R S ; R ; GMPM P, n d N d | P ; ; P M- D P M gmpd nsrs sndp mgrs || R ; re Sri tha ma- -- na ­vu- la- - ra - - - - - se- - vim-pa ra

Kalyanaraman, Shivkumar

13

A Utility-Affiliated Cogeneration Developer Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper will address cogeneration from a utility-affiliated cogeneration developer perspective on cogeneration as it relates to the development and consumption of power available from a cogeneration project. It will also go beyond...

Ferrar, T. A.

14

Steam Turbine Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Steam turbines are widely used in most industrial facilities because steam is readily available and steam turbine is easy to operate and maintain. If designed properly, a steam turbine co-generation (producing heat and power simultaneously) system...

Quach, K.; Robb, A. G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Industrial Cogeneration Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Public Service Commission that the correct cost of service study methodology was a marginal cost study based on a gas turbine. The effects of using the marginal cost study versus the utility's proposed study would have resulted in a 25%i ncrease... with conern for future reserve margins, had led us to develop our cogeneration strategy. Specifically, this strategy is to identify key facilities, evaluate the feasibility of cogenera ion, and construct and operate cogeneration systems when the economics...

Mozzo, M. A.

16

Cogeneration for supermarkets  

SciTech Connect

The Gas Research Institute's supermarket dehumidification project and assessments of commercial cogeneration found that retail supermarkets represent an opportunity for packaged gas-fueled cogeneration systems. Although not currently large thermal users, supermarkets have several electrical loads that can be replaced with heat-driven absorption and adsorption if the cogeneration package is designed specifically for their needs. Field testing should verify the preliminary estimates of attractive paybacks combined with reliability and ease of operation that are required by supermarket operators. The system under examination provides all of the low and medium temperature refrigeration, most of the space heating, all of the water heating, and some of the electricity for lighting. 4 figures, 2 tables.

Walker, D.; Hynek, S.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

The Caddisflies of Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present state of faunistic knowledge of the caddisflies of Sri Lanka is discussed which is probably the best known caddis fauna of any tropical countries.

P. Chantaramongkol

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Sandia National Laboratories: Sandia, SRI International Sign...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ECFacilitiesCenter for Infrastructure Research and Innovation (CIRI)Sandia, SRI International Sign Pact to Advance Hydrogen and Natural Gas Research for Transportation Sandia, SRI...

19

Definition: Cogeneration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cogeneration Cogeneration Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Cogeneration The production of electric energy and another form of useful thermal energy through the sequential use of energy [as defined under the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA)].[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition View on Reegle Reegle Definition Cogeneration power plants produce electricity but do not waste the heat this process creates. The heat is used for district heating or other purposes, and thus the overall efficiency is improved. For example could the efficiency to produce electricity be just 20%, and the overall efficiency after heat extraction could reach be 85% for a cogeneration plant. It has to be considered that there is not always use for heat., Bioenergy cogeneration describes all technologies where heat as well as

20

Integrating district cooling with cogeneration  

SciTech Connect

Chillers can be driven with cogenerated thermal energy, thereby offering the potential to increase utilization of cogeneration throughout the year. However, cogeneration decreases electric output compared to condensing power generation in power plants using a steam cycle (steam turbine or gas turbine combined cycle plants). The foregone electric production increases with increasing temperature of heat recovery. Given a range of conditions for key variables (such as cogeneration utilization, chiller utilization, cost of fuel, value of electricity, value of heat and temperature of heat recovered), how do technology alternatives for combining district cooling with cogeneration compare? This paper summarizes key findings from a report recently published by the International Energy Agency which examines the energy efficiency and economics of alternatives for combining cogeneration technology options (gas turbine simple cycle, diesel engine, steam turbine, gas turbine combined cycle) with chiller options (electric centrifugal, steam turbine centrifugal one-stage steam absorption, two-stage steam absorption, hot water absorption).

Spurr, M.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ipt sri cogeneration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

1986 Cogeneration Market Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

implementation path such as changing energy general direction. prices, tax laws, FERC decisions, avoided costs, permitting etc., the cogeneration industry is What's missing is usually the meaning of th still strong. market assessment to the end user... increases and paper production which is basically a solid fuel fired steam turbine market will increase, thus increasing the application of steam turbines. Lastly, in the refuse market probably the least effect of lower oil prices will occur. Energy...

Wallace, D. G.

22

Sri Lanka | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): 50 m wind power density (W/m2) maps of Sri Lanka (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential within Sri Lanka, with supplemental information on political boundaries, transmission lines, roads, and terrain relief. Source NREL Date Released June 30th, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords GEF GIS maps NREL Sri Lanka SWERA UNEP wind Data application/zip icon Download Maps (zip, 799.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset

23

DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND COGENERATION POLICY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND COGENERATION POLICY ROADMAP FOR CALIFORNIA to the development of this report by the Energy Commission's Distributed Generation Policy Advisory Team; Melissa;ABSTRACT This report defines a year 2020 policy vision for distributed generation and cogeneration

24

Performance assessment of cogeneration plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, performance assessment of various building cogeneration systems is conducted through energy and exergy efficiencies. The cogeneration plants considered include steam-turbine system, gas-turbine system, diesel-engine system, and geothermal system. Here, the cogeneration operation refers to the simultaneous generation of electrical power and heating for buildings (especially for space heating and hot water). Selected actual operating data are employed for analysis and performance assessment. The same amount of electrical and thermal product outputs is considered for all systems, except the diesel, to facilitate comparisons. Also, the effects of certain operating parameters (e.g., steam pressure, water temperature) on the energy and exergy efficiencies are investigated. The diesel-engine and geothermal systems appear to be thermodynamically more attractive, in that they have higher exergy efficiencies, than steam-turbine and gas-turbine systems. The results demonstrate that exergy analysis is a useful tool in performance assessments of cogeneration systems and permits meaningful comparisons of different cogeneration systems based on their merits. Such results can allow the efficiency of cogeneration systems to be increased, and the applications of cogeneration in larger energy systems to be configured more beneficially, leading to reductions in fuel use and environmental emissions.

Mehmet Kanoglu; Ibrahim Dincer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

The Role of Feasibility Analysis in Successful Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of cogeneration in the industrial sector. The cogeneration feasibility analysis methodology developed by the author is described. BACKGROUND Cogeneration has a long history, almost as long as the history of engines. In the industrial sector, cogeneration...

Wulfinghoff, D. R.

26

Mini cogeneration stations: Foreign experience  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The prospects of using autonomous power and heat supply systems are analyzed. The economic advantages of mini cogeneration power stations equipped with gas piston, diesel, or gas turbine units are shown. Examples...

V. R. Kotler

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Cogeneration Assessment Methodology for Utilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A methodology is presented that enables electric utilities to assess the cogeneration potential among industrial, commercial, and institutional customers within the utility's service area. The methodology includes a survey design, analytic...

Sedlik, B.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Electric Rate Alternatives to Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"ELECTRIC RATE ALTERNATIVES TO COGENERATION" K. R. SANDBERG, JR. INDUSTRIAL ACCOUNTS MANAGER - TEXAS GULF STATES UTILITIES COMPANY BEAUMONT, TEXAS ABSTRACT This paper discusses electric rate slternatives to cogeneration for the industrisl... PERSPECTIVE Gulf States Utilities was incorporated in 1925 and is primarily in the business of generating. transmitting and distributing electricity to 555.000 customers in southeast Texas and south Louisiana. The service area extends 350 miles westward...

Sandberg, K. R. Jr.

29

Reliable steam: To cogenerate or not to cogenerate?  

SciTech Connect

Leading industrial companies and institutions are forever seeking new and better ways to reduce their expenses, reduce waste, meet environmental standards, and, in general, improve their bottom-line. One approach to achieving all of these goals is a 100 year-old concept, cogeneration. Many industrial and institutional plants need thermal energy, generally as steam, for manufacturing processes and heating. They also need electric power for motors, lighting, compressed air and air conditioning. Traditionally, these fundamental needs are met separately. Steam is produced with industrial boilers and electricity is purchased from a local utility company. However, these needs can be met at the same time with cogeneration, using the same heat source. Cogeneration is the concurrent production of electrical power and thermal energy from the same heat source. Large steam users commonly take advantage of cogeneration by using high pressure steam with a back pressure turbine to generate electricity, and extract lower pressure steam from the turbine exhaust for their process needs. This approach reduces their electric utility bills while still providing thermal energy for industrial processes. The result is also a more efficient process that uses less total heat and discharges less smoke up the stack. Newer technologies are making cogeneration opportunities available to smaller-sized thermal plants, and electric utility deregulation opportunities are causing many CEOs to seriously consider cogeneration in their manufacturing plants. Whether steam is created through cogeneration or separate generation, many opportunities exist to improve productivity in the distribution system, operation, and maintenance. These opportunities are captured by taking a systems approach, which is promoted by programs such as the Department of Energy's Steam Challenge.

Jaber, D.; Jones, T.; D'Anna, L.; Vetterick, R.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production from Noncovalent Biohybrid Photosystem I/Pt Nanoparticle Complexes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production from Noncovalent Biohybrid Photosystem I/Pt Nanoparticle Complexes ... (11) The PSI/Pt nanoparticle system described here, with a soluble donor, reproducibly produces H2 at the same order of magnitude as the fully optimized PSI/molecular wire/Pt nanoparticle system and potentially could produce even higher rates of H2 with a cross-linked donor. ... Experimental methods for sample preparation, H2 production studies, EPR measurements, and video of H2 production. ...

Lisa M. Utschig; Nada M. Dimitrijevic; Oleg G. Poluektov; Sergey D. Chemerisov; Karen L. Mulfort; David M. Tiede

2011-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

31

Negotiating a Favorable Cogeneration Contract with your Utility Company  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A relatively small cogenerator may find it difficult to negotiate a favorable cogeneration contract with a relatively large utility. This paper will tell prospective cogenerators some things they can do to make sure the contract they negotiate meets...

Lark, D. H.; Flynn, J.

32

Anqiu Shengyuan Biomass Cogeneration Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anqiu Shengyuan Biomass Cogeneration Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Anqiu Shengyuan Biomass Cogeneration Co Ltd Place: Anqiu, Shandong Province, China Zip: 262100 Sector:...

33

SEP Success Story: Biomass Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

SEP Success Story: Biomass Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity from Lumber Mill Waste SEP Success Story: Biomass Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity from Lumber Mill Waste...

34

Cogeneration Rules (Arkansas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cogeneration Rules (Arkansas) Cogeneration Rules (Arkansas) Cogeneration Rules (Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Generating Facility Rate-Making Interconnection Provider Arkansas Public Service Commission The Cogeneration Rules are enforced by the Arkansas Public Service Commission. These rules are designed to ensure that all power producers looking to sell their power to residents of Arkansas are necessary, benefit the public and are environmentally friendly. Under these rules new

35

BP Cherry Point Cogeneration Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Final Environmental Impact Statement Final Environmental Impact Statement DOE/EIS-0349 Lead Agencies: Energy Facility Site Evaluation Council Bonneville Power Administration Cooperating Agency: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers August 2004 EFSEC Washington State Energy Facility Site Evaluation Council July 12, 2004 Dear Reader: Enclosed for your reference is the abbreviated Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) for the proposed BP Cherry Point Cogeneration Project. This document is designed to correct information and further explain what was provided in the Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS). The proponent, BP West Coast Products, LLC, has requested to build a 720-megawatt gas-fired combined cycle cogeneration facility in Whatcom County, Washington, and interconnect this facility into the regional

36

SRI Proprietary SOFC PROTOTYPE DEVELOPMENT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Novel Carbon Sorbents Novel Carbon Sorbents for Carbon Dioxide Capture 2013 NETL CO 2 Capture Technology Meeting July 8-11, 2013, Pittsburgh, PA. 2 Project Overview  Participants:  SRI International, Menlo Park, CA  ATMI, Inc., Danbury, CT  National Carbon Capture Center  University of Toledo, OH  DOE-National Energy Technology Center  Period of Performance:  10-1-2008 through 11-30-2013  Funding:  U.S.: Department of Energy: $1.95 million  Cost share: $0.6 million  Total: $2.65 million 3 Project Objectives  Validate the performance of novel carbon sorbents for CO 2 capture on a bench-scale system for post-combustion applications.  Perform parametric experiments to determine the optimum operating conditions.  Evaluate the technical and economic viability

37

Cogeneration: A key technology for energy saving  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As dispersed and small-scale energy supply system, cogeneration technologies are receiving much attention world-wide. Two optimal planning problems are discussed for the fundamental design of cogeneration systems; i.e. gas turbine and fuel cell systems. The capacities of gas turbine or fuel cell cogeneration units and other auxiliary machinery are determined together with maximum demands so as to minimize the annual total cost in consideration of each system's annual operational strategy. These optimization problems are solved efficiently by considering the hierarchical relationship between the sizing and the operational planning problems. The system's capacity design, economics, and energy savings are investigated in detail through numerical studies on these systems.

Koichi Ito

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Microgy Cogeneration Systems Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cogeneration Systems Inc Cogeneration Systems Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Microgy Cogeneration Systems Inc Place Tarrytown, New York Zip 10591 Product New York-based Microgy Cogeneration Systems develops, owns and operates anaerobic digester systems. Coordinates 41.080075°, -73.858649° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.080075,"lon":-73.858649,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

39

Okeelanta Cogeneration Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Okeelanta Cogeneration Biomass Facility Okeelanta Cogeneration Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Okeelanta Cogeneration Biomass Facility Facility Okeelanta Cogeneration Sector Biomass Location Palm Beach County, Florida Coordinates 26.6514503°, -80.2767327° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":26.6514503,"lon":-80.2767327,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

40

Michigan utilities begin implementation of cogeneration programs  

SciTech Connect

Michigan's two major utilities, Consumers Power Corporation and Detroit Edison, are beginning to implement cogeneration and small power programs, although their approaches differ. Consumers Power is entering agreements to purchase cogenerated power at reasonable buyback rates to meet near-future capacity needs, while Detroit Edison is offering rate breaks to keep customers on the grid with an on-site cogeneration alternative rider because of excess capacity. Once its excess capacity is absorbed, Detroit Edison will encourage pursue the approach of Consumers Power. The latter recently filed to convert a Midland cancelled nuclear plant into a gas-fired cogeneration facility. The author reviews complications in this and other contracts and utility commission decisions. 2 tables.

Not Available

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ipt sri cogeneration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Cogeneration Can Add To Your Profits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The predicted rapid escalation of gas and electric costs, particularly in those utility systems predominantly fired by gas, make it important for both industry and utilities to evaluate the role of cogeneration in their future plans. Industries...

Gerlaugh, H. E.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Evaluating Sites for Industrial Cogeneration in Chicago  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and hospital complexes; and new, densely populated residential developments that have large thermal and electric demands. Potential sites have been evaluated as part of a project to encourage industrial cogeneration applications in Chicago. Energy...

Fowler, G. L.; Baugher, A. H.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Mt Poso Cogeneration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Poso Cogeneration Poso Cogeneration Jump to: navigation, search Name Mt Poso Cogeneration Place Bakersfield, California Zip 93308 Product California-based project developer for the Mt Poso Cogeneration project near Bakersfield, California. Coordinates 44.78267°, -72.801369° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.78267,"lon":-72.801369,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

44

Electrical Cost Reduction Via Steam Turbine Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ELECTRICAL COST REDUCTION VIA STEAM TURBINE COGENERATION LYNN B. DI TULLIO, P.E. Project Engineer Ewing Power Systems, Inc. South Deerfield, Mass. ABSTRACT Steam turbine cogeneration is a well established technology which is widely used... mature technology. Steam turbines and engines have been used by industry to cogen erate power since before there were electric utilities. While the technology for turbines, generators and controls has continued to develop there is very little about...

Ewing, T. S.; Di Tullio, L. B.

45

Cogeneration Technologies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technologies Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Name Cogeneration Technologies Place Houston, Texas Zip 77070 Sector Biomass, Solar Product Provides efficient systems in the fields of demand management, biofuel, biomass and solar CHP systems. Coordinates 29.76045°, -95.369784° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.76045,"lon":-95.369784,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

46

Cogeneration using a thermionic combustor  

SciTech Connect

Thermionic energy conversion is well adapted to cogeneration with high temperature processes which require direct heating. Such processes are found in the metals, glass and petroleum industries. A case study has been made for applying thermionic energy converters to a walking beam steel slab reheat furnace. The objective is to replace the present burners with thermionic combustors which provide electricity while supplying direct heat at the same temperature and heat release conditions as the original burners. The combustor utilizes a thermionic converter design which has demonstrated stable output for long periods using a natural gas burner. Combustion air is used to cool the collectors. A computer program was formulated to facilitate the analysis of the thermionic combustor. The design of the thermionic combustor is described. The performance of the thermionic modules is calculated based on varying furnace production rates.

Miskolczy, G.; Lieb, D.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Assessment of the Technical Potential for Micro-Cogeneration...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for micro-cogeneration for the commerical sector. Cogeneration is an efficient way to capture waste heat and redirect it. This aides in both energy efficiency measures as well as...

48

Optimal Operation for Cogenerating System of Micro-grid Network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a mathematical model for optimal operating cogeneration of Micro-Grid Network. The electrical and thermal energy production ... solution of Optimal operation for cogenerating system of micro-grid

Phil-Hun Cho; Hak-Man Kim; Myong-Chul Shin…

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Assessment of Replicable Innovative Industrial Cogeneration Applications, June 2001  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report provides a market assessment of innovative industrial DG cogeneration systems that are less than 1 MWe.

50

Use of combined-cycle power units at cogeneration plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Indices of reconstructed and new cogeneration plants (CPs) using combined cycle units (CCPUs) are considered. The conclusions...

V. M. Batenin; Yu. A. Zeigarnik; V. M. Maslennikov; Yu. L. Shekhter…

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Sri Lanka: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka: Energy Resources Sri Lanka: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":7,"lon":81,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

52

List of CHP/Cogeneration Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CHP/Cogeneration Incentives CHP/Cogeneration Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 279 CHP/Cogeneration Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 279) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Advanced Energy Fund (Ohio) Public Benefits Fund Ohio Commercial Industrial Institutional Residential Utility Biomass CHP/Cogeneration Fuel Cells Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels Geothermal Electric Hydroelectric energy Landfill Gas Microturbines Municipal Solid Waste Photovoltaics Solar Space Heat Solar Thermal Electric Solar Water Heat Wind energy Yes Advanced Energy Gross Receipts Tax Deduction (New Mexico) Sales Tax Incentive New Mexico Commercial Construction Installer/Contractor Retail Supplier CHP/Cogeneration Geothermal Electric Photovoltaics

53

SRI International Discovery of Photocatalysts for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SRI International Discovery of Photocatalysts for Hydrogen Production 2003 DOE Hydrogen Review May for 2005 and 2010 involve sequential order of magnitude improvements in durability and modest improvements screening tools being developed in this project. Furthermore, the inclusion of a partner with the means

54

The Integration of Cogeneration and Space Cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

associated space cool- ing is essentially cost free. FIGURE B In hot and humid climates, both air conditioning and humidity control are required. The thermal out- put of a cogeneration unit provides the heat neces- sary to power an absorption chiller... absorption chiller/heaters are in operation within the U.S.; 10,000 tons are oper- ating in the Gulf Coast, a hot and humid climate area. Cogeneration saw a resurgence in the early 1980s, but its growth was limited mostly to in- dustrial plants...

Phillips, J.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Heilongjiang Jiansanjiang Nongkensanjiang Cogeneration Co Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jiansanjiang Nongkensanjiang Cogeneration Co Ltd Jiansanjiang Nongkensanjiang Cogeneration Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Heilongjiang Jiansanjiang Nongkensanjiang Cogeneration Co Ltd. Place Heilongjiang Province, China Zip 156300 Sector Biomass Product China-based biomass project developer. References Heilongjiang Jiansanjiang Nongkensanjiang Cogeneration Co Ltd.[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Heilongjiang Jiansanjiang Nongkensanjiang Cogeneration Co Ltd. is a company located in Heilongjiang Province, China . References ↑ "[ Heilongjiang Jiansanjiang Nongkensanjiang Cogeneration Co Ltd.]" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Heilongjiang_Jiansanjiang_Nongkensanjiang_Cogeneration_Co_Ltd&oldid=346437"

56

Lianyungang Baoxin Biomass Cogeneration Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lianyungang Baoxin Biomass Cogeneration Co Ltd Lianyungang Baoxin Biomass Cogeneration Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Lianyungang Baoxin Biomass Cogeneration Co Ltd Place Jiangsu Province, China Sector Biomass Product A biomass project developer in China. References Lianyungang Baoxin Biomass Cogeneration Co Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Lianyungang Baoxin Biomass Cogeneration Co Ltd is a company located in Jiangsu Province, China . References ↑ "[ Lianyungang Baoxin Biomass Cogeneration Co Ltd]" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Lianyungang_Baoxin_Biomass_Cogeneration_Co_Ltd&oldid=348336" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies

57

Dry ports: a lacuna in Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper examines the needs for dry ports in Sri Lanka, where none exists now, using the inputs from the stake holders in the logistics industry to fulfil a vacuum of some scholarly literature on the topic which is not sufficiently discussed. A hybrid approach comprising both quantitative and qualitative methods was used to analyse the topic using the data collected through surveys and literary sources. Resultant conclusion is that the dry ports are needed in Sri Lanka as a solution to capacity issues of the sea port and the roads and the railways could play prominent role in this context. Findings of the research show that dry ports could offer a relief to heavily congested roads of Colombo city and the port infrastructure.

Jayantha Rathnayake; Lu Jing; A.W. Wijeratne

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

High-Efficiency Solar Cogeneration with TPV & Fiber-Optic Daylighting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

High-Efficiency Solar Cogeneration with TPV & Fiber-Optic Daylighting High-Efficiency Solar Cogeneration with TPV & Fiber-Optic Daylighting Lead Performer: Creative Light Source,...

59

The Influence of Regulation on the Decision to Cogenerate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

harming existing and future ratepayers. Discussion will focus on how the existing rules can directly influence the decision to cogenerate. Part One provides a brief history of the Section 23.66 rules. Part Two discusses the pricing methodology... on the decision to cogenerate. A discussion of the problems that may arise from traditional cost allocation methodologies for the design of standby rates is also provided. INTRODUCTION A large amount of industrial cogeneration capacity is availabl e...

King, J. L. II

60

An Assessment of Economic Analysis Methods for Cogeneration Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gas in this study) costs before and after cogeneration 3. Power plant operating and maintenance (O&M) cost before and after cogeneration 4. Initial investment 5. Discount rate 6. Differential escalation rates for the cost of electricity and fuel... electricity cost after cogener- ation ($) h = Differential escalation rate for the cost of electricity (escalation rate above inflation rate) (decimal) i = Discount rate (decimal) GB = Annual fuel cost before cogeneration ($1 GA = Annual fuel cost after...

Bolander, J. N.; Murphy, W. E.; Turner, W. D.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ipt sri cogeneration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Thermoelectrics Combined with Solar Concentration for Electrical and Thermal Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

significant challenge for solar thermal energy generation issolar thermal, cogeneration of electrical and thermal energy,for efficient energy production. Solar thermal plants, such

Jackson, Philip Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Thermoelectrics Combined with Solar Concentration for Electrical and Thermal Cogeneration.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A solar tracker and concentrator was designed and assembled for the purpose of cogeneration of thermal power and electrical power using thermoelectric technology. A BiTe… (more)

Jackson, Philip Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Alternate Energy Production, Cogeneration, and Small Hydro Facilities (Indiana)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This legislation aims to encourage the development of alternative energy, cogeneration, and small hydropower facilities. The statute requires utilities to enter into long-term contracts with these...

64

Identifying Energy Systems that Maximize Cogeneration Savings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the method of Lagrange mult1pl1ers: 120 ESL-IE-88-09-24 Proceedings from the Tenth Annual Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, September 13-15, 1988 aV/akW, + ~at1/akW1 ~ 0 (4) aO p/HR p1 a01 /HR c1 (11 ) aV/ aO p 1 + ~1 at2/aOp1 o (5...Igure 5 Indicates t e incremental cogeneratIon power cost trends for dependent cogeneratIon systems. for these systems the maxlmum benef1ts are achleved at condlt1on (11). The process heat to power ratio 1s constant, and thus, sIte cogenerat1on...

Ahner, D. J.

65

EPRI Cogeneration Models -- DEUS and COPE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

process thermal requirement; under the user-specified-megawatt size, capacity matches both the specified electrical output and the maximum process needs. The third phase matches the steam and energy load profiles by dispatching the required... cogeneration units for both a thermal matched dispatch and an economic dispatch. A thermal dispatch is performed for therrnal-match size plants and an economic dispatch is performed for user-specified-MW-size plants. Under a thermal dispatch, the plant...

Mauro, R.; Hu, S. D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Cogeneration Opportunities in Texas State Agencies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

million using escalation rates of 4% for electricity and 2% for gas. Since no one knows what prices will do, the no escalation case should be considered the more conservative figure. There are several arguments which could be made for cogeneration... to switch from steam turbines to electric motor drives. However with the stable and even decreasing gas prices of the past two years, combined with the steadily increasing electric rates, any further conversion may be delayed for some years...

Murphy, W. E.; Turner, W. D.; O'Neal, D. L.; Bolander, J. N.; Seshan, S.

67

Sri Shadi Lal Enterprise Ltd SSLE | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shadi Lal Enterprise Ltd SSLE Shadi Lal Enterprise Ltd SSLE Jump to: navigation, search Name Sri Shadi Lal Enterprise Ltd. (SSLE) Place New Delhi, Delhi (NCT), India Zip 110 001 Sector Biomass Product Delhi-based biomass project developer. References Sri Shadi Lal Enterprise Ltd. (SSLE)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Sri Shadi Lal Enterprise Ltd. (SSLE) is a company located in New Delhi, Delhi (NCT), India . References ↑ "Sri Shadi Lal Enterprise Ltd. (SSLE)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Sri_Shadi_Lal_Enterprise_Ltd_SSLE&oldid=351644" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes

68

EIS-0201: Coyote Springs Cogeneration Project Morrow Count, Oregon  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This environmental impact statement analyzes the protential impacts of the Coyote Springs Cogeneration Project, a proposed natural gas-fired cogeneration power plant near Boardman, Oregon. The proposed power plant would be built on a 22-acre site in the Port of Morrow Industrial Park. The plant would have two combustion turbines that would generate 440 average megawatts of energy when completed.

69

New cogeneration plant provides steam for Oxnard papermaking facility  

SciTech Connect

In January 1990, the Proctor and Gamble Co.'s Oxnard, Calif., papermaking facility started up Cogen Two, the newest of the company's four gas-turbine-based cogeneration plants. In addition to reviewing Cogen Two project specifics, this article demonstrates the success of state-of-the-art cogeneration systems and the important role these systems play in the pulp and paper industry.

Price, K.R. (Thermal Energy Systems, Engineering Div., Procter and Gamble Co., Winston Hill Technical Center, Cincinnati, OH (US)); Anderson, W.A. (Utilities Dept., Oxnard Plant, Procter and Gamble Co., Oxnard, CA (US))

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

The Utilities' Role in Conservation and Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

organization for the development of a cogeneration project. This is especially true if the company is considering a solid fuel such as coal, or a synthetic fuel. And, it is also a particularly important tactor for medium and smaller size firms. A third... of the environmental control requirements would be handled at the gasifier by removing practical y all sulfur and ash from the fuel. Combustion of the medium BTU gas at the dispersed cogenerat'on plants would then have minimal environmental impact. In fact...

Mitchell, R. C., III

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Cogeneration- The Rest of the Story  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Consequently, use of avera~e steam demand can be extremely misleading, yet IS often used in economic justification. An hour-by-hour steam simulation will provide a proper and conservative assessment. - Fuel Price Switch: Some proposals roll in a fuel... price switch and imply that this lower fuel price could not be obtained any other y. Be sure to ask the fuel supplier (or other fuel suppliers) if this is true. Otherwise, a lower price fuel could hide poor cogeneration economies in with fuel price...

Gilbert, J. S.

72

fabrication-polybenzimidazole-sri | netl.doe.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fabrication and Scale-Up of Polybenzimidazole-Based Membrane System for Pre-Combustion Capture of Carbon Dioxide Project No.: FC26-07NT43090 SRI International is developing a...

73

Industrial training methods adopted in undergraduate programmes in Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Industrial training methods adopted in Sri Lankan universities can be classified as structured, problem-oriented and informal. They have evolved not through conscious planning but because of increasing difficu...

Don U. A. Galagedera

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Sri Lanka-DLR Cooperation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lanka-DLR Cooperation Lanka-DLR Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Name Sri Lanka-DLR Cooperation Agency/Company /Organization German Aerospace Center (DLR) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Resource assessment Resource Type Software/modeling tools, Dataset, Maps Website http://www.dlr.de/tt/desktopde Program Start 2001 Program End 2004 Country Sri Lanka Southern Asia References DLR-SWERA Resource Assessments[1] From 2001 to 2004 the German Aerospace Center (DLR) worked with Sri Lanka on solar resource and GIS analysis as part of UNEP's Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Programme. References ↑ "DLR-SWERA Resource Assessments" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Sri_Lanka-DLR_Cooperation&oldid=329224"

75

Sri Lanka in global medical research: a scientific analysis of the Sri Lankan research output during 2000-2009  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Scientific research is an essential component in guiding improvements in health systems. There are no studies examining the Sri Lankan medical research output at international level. The present study evaluated t...

Priyanga Ranasinghe; Ranil Jayawardena; Prasad Katulanda

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Small Power Production and Cogeneration (Maine) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Power Production and Cogeneration (Maine) Small Power Production and Cogeneration (Maine) Small Power Production and Cogeneration (Maine) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Generating Facility Rate-Making Provider Maine Public Utilities Commission Maine's Small Power Production and Cogeneration statute says that any small

77

Cogeneration Personal Property Tax Credit (District of Columbia) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cogeneration Personal Property Tax Credit (District of Columbia) Cogeneration Personal Property Tax Credit (District of Columbia) Cogeneration Personal Property Tax Credit (District of Columbia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Solar Heating & Cooling Heating Program Info Start Date 07/25/2012 State District of Columbia Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% exemption Provider Energy Division The District of Columbia Council created a personal property tax exemption for solar energy systems and cogeneration systems within the District by enacting B19-0749 in December of 2012. Eligible solar systems Solar energy is defined by D.C. Code § 34-1431 to mean "radiant energy, direct, diffuse, or reflected, received from the sun

78

Blackburn Landfill Co-Generation Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Blackburn Landfill Co-Generation Biomass Facility Blackburn Landfill Co-Generation Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Blackburn Landfill Co-Generation Biomass Facility Facility Blackburn Landfill Co-Generation Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Catawba County, North Carolina Coordinates 35.6840748°, -81.2518833° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.6840748,"lon":-81.2518833,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

79

Cogeneration (Chp) as Alternative Energy Production To Ecological Neighborhoods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In addition to this, CHP is the key to reducing emissions. According...Boston Consulting Group (BCG) [2], cogeneration saved over 13 million t of CO2 in Spain in 2008, which represents 3.2?% of nati...

I. Calama

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

An Assessment of Industrial Cogeneration Potential in Pennsylvania  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as atmospheric fluidized bed combustion, coal-gasification combined cycles, fuel cells and bottoming cycles were analyzed in addition to the economic assessment of conventional cogeneration systems; Industry-specific rates of market penetration were developed...

Hinkle, B. K.; Qasim, S.; Ludwig, E. V., Jr.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ipt sri cogeneration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Case Studies of Industrial Cogeneration in the U. S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the results of a survey and evaluation of plant-specific information on industrial cogeneration. The study was performed as part of a project sponsored by the Electric Power Research Institute to evaluate Dual Energy Use Systems...

Limaye, D. R.; Isser, S.; Hinkle, B.; Hough, T.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Co-Generation at a Practical Plant Level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Steam Turbine: A basic description of how a steam turbine converts available heat into mechanical energy to define the formulae used for the cost comparisons in the subsequent examples. Co-Generation: Comparison between condensing cycle...

Feuell, J.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Urban Integrated Industrial Cogeneration Systems Analysis. Phase II final report  

SciTech Connect

Through the Urban Integrated Industrial Cogeneration Systems Analysis (UIICSA), the City of Chicago embarked upon an ambitious effort to identify the measure the overall industrial cogeneration market in the city and to evaluate in detail the most promising market opportunities. This report discusses the background of the work completed during Phase II of the UIICSA and presents the results of economic feasibility studies conducted for three potential cogeneration sites in Chicago. Phase II focused on the feasibility of cogeneration at the three most promising sites: the Stockyards and Calumet industrial areas, and the Ford City commercial/industrial complex. Each feasibility case study considered the energy load requirements of the existing facilities at the site and the potential for attracting and serving new growth in the area. Alternative fuels and technologies, and ownership and financing options were also incorporated into the case studies. Finally, site specific considerations such as development incentives, zoning and building code restrictions and environmental requirements were investigated.

Not Available

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Evaluating Benefits with Independent and Cogenerated Power Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of "stakeholders", (e.g. IPP's, ?cogenerators, industrial hosts, utility shareholders and rate payers), and additional technical issues (e.g. generation dispatch, transmission, wheeling, etc.) associated with independent power generation. This paper...

Ahner, D. J.

85

Economic Efficiency of a Power Unit Adapted to Cogeneration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter presents a number of alternatives concerning economic analysis of power unit with the rated capacity of 370 MW operating in cogeneration for case of feeding heaters from A2 and A3 extractions of t...

Ryszard Bartnik; Zbigniew Buryn

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Simulation of an Industrial Rankine Cycle Cogeneration Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and transient loads and the resulting interactions between system components may be assessed. A thermal energy system simulation code is utilized and expanded to predict the performance of an industrial Rankine cycle (steam turbine) cogeneration plant having...

Carattie, G.; Wepfer, W. J.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

EIS-0349: Cherry Point Co-generation Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EIS analyzes DOE's decision to support BP West Coast Products, LLC proposal to construct and operate a 720-megawatt, natural-gas-fired, combined-cycle cogeneration facility on land adjacent to its BP Cherry Point Refinery.

88

Cogeneration systems and processes for treating hydrocarbon containing formations  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for treating a hydrocarbon containing formation includes a steam and electricity cogeneration facility. At least one injection well is located in a first portion of the formation. The injection well provides steam from the steam and electricity cogeneration facility to the first portion of the formation. At least one production well is located in the first portion of the formation. The production well in the first portion produces first hydrocarbons. At least one electrical heater is located in a second portion of the formation. At least one of the electrical heaters is powered by electricity from the steam and electricity cogeneration facility. At least one production well is located in the second portion of the formation. The production well in the second portion produces second hydrocarbons. The steam and electricity cogeneration facility uses the first hydrocarbons and/or the second hydrocarbons to generate electricity.

Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX); Fowler, Thomas David (Houston, TX); Karanikas, John Michael (Houston, TX)

2009-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

89

Utility & Regulatory Factors Affecting Cogeneration & Independent Power Plant Design & Operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UTILITY & REGULATORY FACTORS AFFECTiNG COGENERATION & INDEPENDENT POWER PLANT DESIGN & OPERATION Richard P. Felak General Electric Company Schenectady, New York ABSTRACT In specifying a cogeneration or independent power plant, the owner... should be especially aware of the influences which electric utilities and regulatory bodies will have on key parameters such as size, efficiency, design. reliability/ availabilitY, operating capabilities and modes, etc. This paper will note examples...

Felak, R. P.

90

Klickitat Cogeneration Project : Final Environmental Assessment.  

SciTech Connect

To meet BPA`s contractual obligation to supply electrical power to its customers, BPA proposes to acquire power generated by Klickitat Cogeneration Project. BPA has prepared an environmental assessment evaluating the proposed project. Based on the EA analysis, BPA`s proposed action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 for the following reasons: (1)it will not have a significant impact land use, upland vegetation, wetlands, water quality, geology, soils, public health and safety, visual quality, historical and cultural resources, recreation and socioeconomics, and (2) impacts to fisheries, wildlife resources, air quality, and noise will be temporary, minor, or sufficiently offset by mitigation. Therefore, the preparation of an environmental impact statement is not required and BPA is issuing this FONSI (Finding of No Significant Impact).

United States. Bonneville Power Administration; Klickitat Energy Partners

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Cogeneration from glass furnace waste heat recovery  

SciTech Connect

In glass manufacturing 70% of the total energy utilized is consumed in the melting process. Three basic furnaces are in use: regenerative, recuperative, and direct fired design. The present paper focuses on secondary heat recovery from regenerative furnaces. A diagram of a typical regenerative furnace is given. Three recovery bottoming cycles were evaluated as part of a comparative systems analysis: steam Rankine Cycle (SRC), Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC), and pressurized Brayton cycle. Each cycle is defined and schematicized. The net power capabilities of the three different systems are summarized. Cost comparisons and payback period comparisons are made. Organic Rankine cycle provides the best opportunity for cogeneration for all the flue gas mass flow rates considered. With high temperatures, the Brayton cycle has the shortest payback period potential, but site-specific economics need to be considered.

Hnat, J.G.; Cutting, J.C.; Patten, J.S.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Biomedical ultrasonic imaging at SRI International  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three different real?time imagingsystems for medical diagnosis have been developed at SRI. The first is a transmission C?scan system operating at 2 MHz. This system uses a 192?element linear receiving array a 28 element diffuse illumination source and a lens/deflector package to produce an orthographic image of a field approximately 15 cm on a side. The second is a 10 MHz B?scan system designed to visualize atherosclerotic plaque in the carotid arteries. An area 3 cm wide by 3 cm deep is imaged with the mechanically scanned and dynamically focused transducer. The third system designed for detection of pancreatic cancers is a 10?M Hz B?scanner that incorporates a miniaturized 64?element linear array in the tip of an endoscope. Scanning and focusing on both transmit and receive are accomplished by appropriate grouping and phasing of array elements. This systemimages an area 3 cm wide by 4 cm deep. The principles of operation of each system are discussed and a movie showing representative images made with each of the systems is presented. [Work supported by NIH.

J. Suarez; J. Buxton; P. Green; J. Holzemer; S. D. Ramsey Jr.; D. Wilson

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Resistance to Resolution: Explaining the Intractability of Ethnic Conflict in Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A brief history of the current ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka is presented. Next, a discussion of the characteristics of intractable conflict is offered. The conflict between the Sinhalese and Tamils in Sri Lank...

P. Sahadevan

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Ornamental Fish Industry in Sri Lanka: Present Status and Future Trends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aquarium fish industry in Sri Lanka has become a valuable foreign exchange ... , earning Rs. 530 million in 1998. Sri Lankan ornamental fish exports for the international market include locally wild caught ma...

R.G.S. Wijesekara; A. Yakupitiyage

95

Ethics Review Committee approval and informed consent: an analysis of biomedical publications originating from Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

International guidelines on research have focused on protecting ... internationally published human subject research carried out in Sri Lanka.

Athula Sumathipala; Sisira Siribaddana; Suwin Hewege…

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Sri Balaji Biomass Power Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Balaji Biomass Power Pvt Ltd Sri Balaji Biomass Power Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Sri Balaji Biomass Power Pvt Ltd Place Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India Zip 500003 Sector Biomass Product Balaji Biomass Power, the Greenko Group subsidiary, is an India-based operator & owner of clean energy projects. Coordinates 17.46071°, 78.49298° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":17.46071,"lon":78.49298,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

97

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment for Sri Lanka  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka Sri Lanka provided by DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for Sri Lanka provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2002 and 2003. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided.The Documentation gives an overview about the used input data and used methodology, shows example maps and describes a comparison with ground data (if provided by the country) (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems.

98

Sri Lanka Wind Farm Analysis and Site Selection Assistance  

SciTech Connect

The United States Department of Energy (DOE), through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), has been working in partnership with the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) in an on-going process to quantify the Sri Lanka wind energy potential and foster wind energy development. Work to date includes completion of the NREL wind atlas for Sri Lanka. In addition, the Ceylon Electricity Board (CEB) has conducted a wind resource assessment of several areas of the country and has successfully completed and is currently operating a 3-MW pilot wind project. A review of the work completed to date indicates that additional activities are necessary to provide Sri Lanka with the tools necessary to identify the best wind energy development opportunities. In addition, there is a need to identify key policy, regulatory, business and infrastructure issues that affect wind energy development and to recommend steps to encourage and support wind power development and investment.

Young, M.; Vilhauer, R.

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Efficiently generate steam from cogeneration plants  

SciTech Connect

As cogeneration gets more popular, some plants have two choices of equipment for generating steam. Plant engineers need to have a decision chart to split the duty efficiently between (oil-fired or gas-fired) steam generators (SGs) and heat recovery steam generators (HRSGs) using the exhaust from gas turbines. Underlying the dilemma is that the load-versus-efficiency characteristics of both types of equipment are different. When the limitations of each type of equipment and its capability are considered, analysis can come up with several selection possibilities. It is almost always more efficient to generate steam in an HRSG (designed for firing) as compared with conventional steam generators. However, other aspects, such as maintenance, availability of personnel, equipment limitations and operating costs, should also be considered before making a final decision. Loading each type of equipment differently also affects the overall efficiency or the fuel consumption. This article describes the performance aspects of representative steam generators and gas turbine HRSGs and suggests how plant engineers can generate steam efficiently. It also illustrates how to construct a decision chart for a typical installation. The equipment was picked arbitrarily to show the method. The natural gas fired steam generator has a maximum capacity of 100,000 lb/h, 400-psig saturated steam, and the gas-turbine-exhaust HRSG has the same capacity. It is designed for supplementary firing with natural gas.

Ganapathy, V. [ABCO Industries, Abilene, TX (United States)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Flexible approach to the Italian cogeneration market  

SciTech Connect

Demand for energy is growing in Italy under new regulations issued by the Italian government in 1991 and 1992. While the national electrical authority, ENEL, is in the process of being privatized, independent power producers (IPPs) and several companies using large amounts of energy in their production processes have been active in setting up cogeneration and combined-cycle plants based purely on economics. In order to minimize emissions and make best use of fuel energy, the law commonly known as CIP 6/92 states that ENEL will grant a premium rate for electric power handled to the national grid from plants having an annual `energetic index` above 0.6, i.e., an efficiency higher than 60% measured over a one-year period. In order to benefit from the high rates granted by the law, it is necessary to build very efficient plants. Very high reliability is also required so the plan can operate at full load the year around, with only short stops for planned maintenance. This paper describes the activities of the major manufacturers of turbines in Italy.

Chellini, R.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ipt sri cogeneration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Abstract PR-04: Curcumin is an effective chemopreventive substance for betel quid chewer's oral precancer in Sri Lanka.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Eleventh Annual AACR International Conference on Frontiers...chewer's oral precancer in Sri Lanka. Itsuo Chiba 1...Japan, 3 Army Hospital, Sri Lanka, Colombo, Sri...chewer's oral precancer in Sri Lanka. [abstract...Eleventh Annual AACR International Conference on Frontiers...

Itsuo Chiba; Maiko Takeshima; Yoshihiro Abiko; Hiroshi Kobayashi; Malsantha Muthumala; Chihiro Sugiura; Makiko Onodera; Shibata Toshiyuki; Hirofumi Matsuoka; Naoki Kakudate; Shunichi Fukuhara; and Toshio Takiguchi

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

SRS Marks Successful Operational Startup of New Biomass Cogeneration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SRS Marks Successful Operational Startup of New Biomass SRS Marks Successful Operational Startup of New Biomass Cogeneration Facility SRS Marks Successful Operational Startup of New Biomass Cogeneration Facility March 12, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Amy Caver (803) 952-7213 March 12, 2012 amy.caver@srs.gov CarolAnn Hibbard, (508) 661-2264 news@ameresco.com AIKEN, S.C. - Today, Under Secretary of Energy Thomas D'Agostino joined U.S. Representative Joe Wilson (R-SC) and other senior officials from the Department of Energy (DOE) and Ameresco, Inc.NYSE:AMRC), a leading energy efficiency and renewable energy company, to mark the successful operational startup of a new $795M renewable energy fueled facility at the Savannah River Site (SRS). The 34-acre SRS Biomass Cogeneration Facility is the culmination of

103

SRS Marks Successful Operational Startup of New Biomass Cogeneration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SRS Marks Successful Operational Startup of New Biomass SRS Marks Successful Operational Startup of New Biomass Cogeneration Facility SRS Marks Successful Operational Startup of New Biomass Cogeneration Facility March 12, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Amy Caver (803) 952-7213 March 12, 2012 amy.caver@srs.gov CarolAnn Hibbard, (508) 661-2264 news@ameresco.com AIKEN, S.C. - Today, Under Secretary of Energy Thomas D'Agostino joined U.S. Representative Joe Wilson (R-SC) and other senior officials from the Department of Energy (DOE) and Ameresco, Inc.NYSE:AMRC), a leading energy efficiency and renewable energy company, to mark the successful operational startup of a new $795M renewable energy fueled facility at the Savannah River Site (SRS). The 34-acre SRS Biomass Cogeneration Facility is the culmination of

104

Biomass Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity from Lumber Mill Waste |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biomass Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity from Lumber Mill Biomass Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity from Lumber Mill Waste Biomass Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity from Lumber Mill Waste December 6, 2011 - 3:57pm Addthis Dale and Sharon Borgford, small business owners in Stevens County, WA, break ground with Peter Goldmark, Washington State Commissioner of Public Lands. The pair brought more than 75 jobs to the area with help from DOE's State Energy Program and the U.S. Forest Service. | Photo courtesy of Washington DNR. Dale and Sharon Borgford, small business owners in Stevens County, WA, break ground with Peter Goldmark, Washington State Commissioner of Public Lands. The pair brought more than 75 jobs to the area with help from DOE's State Energy Program and the U.S. Forest Service. | Photo courtesy of

105

Biomass Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity from Lumber Mill Waste |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biomass Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity from Lumber Mill Biomass Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity from Lumber Mill Waste Biomass Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity from Lumber Mill Waste December 6, 2011 - 3:57pm Addthis Dale and Sharon Borgford, small business owners in Stevens County, WA, break ground with Peter Goldmark, Washington State Commissioner of Public Lands. The pair brought more than 75 jobs to the area with help from DOE's State Energy Program and the U.S. Forest Service. | Photo courtesy of Washington DNR. Dale and Sharon Borgford, small business owners in Stevens County, WA, break ground with Peter Goldmark, Washington State Commissioner of Public Lands. The pair brought more than 75 jobs to the area with help from DOE's State Energy Program and the U.S. Forest Service. | Photo courtesy of

106

Does Cogeneration Make Sense for Me? | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Does Cogeneration Make Sense for Me? Does Cogeneration Make Sense for Me? Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Does Cogeneration Make Sense for Me? Agency/Company /Organization: University of Illinois at Chicago Phase: "Evaluate Options and Determine Feasibility" is not in the list of possible values (Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Develop Finance and Implement Projects, Create Early Successes, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed) for this property. User Interface: Website Website: www.chpcentermw.org/pdfs/Toolbox__TechBrief.pdf This guide provides a few simple questions and calculations, including an example calculation, for facility owners who want to begin to understand

107

Evaluation of Technology Risk in Project Cogeneration Project Returns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

requirements neces sary to operate a cogeneration plant are strong functions of the type of system that is being con sidered. For example, for a small hydro plant or for individual small gas turbine plants oper ting in base load (a flat output over... requirements neces sary to operate a cogeneration plant are strong functions of the type of system that is being con sidered. For example, for a small hydro plant or for individual small gas turbine plants oper ting in base load (a flat output over...

Thoennes, C. M.

108

Cogeneration Leads to Major Aquaculture and Greenhouse Development in Canada  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

research and devefopment project which will see the supplemental heat re qui red by t he surface heat ed greenhouse cohvert ed from propane gas to cogeneraled ste m. Based on the pricing model outlined in Section 4.1, the cost of heating the greenhouse... with cogen erated steam from the nearby coal fired power sta tion is $1.62/MBTU. (Coa! @ $Z.18/MBTU.) This compares to $15.57 for self generated propane heat, or a difference of $13.95/MBTU. By splitting this difference, the s Ie price of cogenerated...

Mercer, J.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Cogeneration handbook for the textile industry. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

The decision of whether to cogenerate involves several considerations, including technical, economic, environmental, legal, and regulatory issues. Each of these issues is addressed separately in this handbook. In addition, a chapter is included on preparing a three-phase work statement, which is needed to guide the design of a cogeneration system. In addition, an annotated bibliography and a glossary of terminology are provided. Appendix A provides an energy-use profile of the textile industry. Appendices B through O provide specific information that will be called out in subsequent chapters.

Garrett-Price, B.A.; Fassbender, L.L.; Moore, N.L.; Fassbender, A.G.; Eakin, D.E.; Gorges, H.A.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Cogeneration handbook for the food processing industry. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

The decision of whether to cogenerate involves several considerations, including technical, economic, environmental, legal, and regulatory issues. Each of these issues is addressed separately in this handbook. In addition, a chapter is included on preparing a three-phase work statement, which is needed to guide the design of a cogeneration system. In addition, an annotated bibliography and a glossary of terminology are provided. Appendix A provides an energy-use profile of the food processing industry. Appendices B through O provide specific information that will be called out in subsequent chapters.

Eakin, D.E.; Fassbender, L.L.; Garrett-Price, B.A.; Moore, N.L.; Fasbender, A.G.; Gorges, H.A.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Cogeneration handbook for the chemical process industries. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

The desision of whether to cogenerate involves several considerations, including technical, economic, environmental, legal, and regulatory issues. Each of these issues is addressed separately in this handbook. In addition, a chapter is included on preparing a three-phase work statement, which is needed to guide the design of a cogeneration system. In addition, an annotated bibliography and a glossary of terminology are provided. Appendix A provides an energy-use profile of the chemical industry. Appendices B through O provide specific information that will be called out in subsequent chapters.

Fassbender, A.G.; Fassbender, L.L.; Garrett-Price, B.A.; Moore, N.L.; Eakin, D.E.; Gorges, H.A.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Cogeneration handbook for the pulp and paper industry. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

The decision of whether to cogenerate involves several considerations, including technical, economic, environmental, legal, and regulatory issues. Each of these issues is addressed separately in this handbook. In addition, a chapter is included on preparing a three-phase work statement, which is needed to guide the design of a cogeneration system. In addition, an annotated bibliography and a glossary of terminology are provided. Appendix A provides an energy-use profile of the pulp and paper industry. Appendices B and O provide specific information that will be called out in subsequent chapters.

Griffin, E.A.; Moore, N.L.; Fassbender, L.L.; Garrett-Price, B.A.; Fassbender, A.G.; Eakin, D.E.; Gorges, H.A.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Cogeneration handbook for the petroleum refining industry. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

The decision of whether to cogenerate involves several considerations, including technical, economic, environmental, legal, and regulatory issues. Each of these issues is addressed separately in this handbook. In addition, a chapter is included on preparing a three-phase work statement, which is needed to guide the design of a cogeneration system. In addition, an annotated bibliography and a glossary of terminology are provided. Appendix A provides an energy-use profile of the petroleum refining industry. Appendices B through O provide specific information that will be called out in subsequent chapters.

Fassbender, L.L.; Garrett-Price, B.A.; Moore, N.L.; Fassbender, A.G.; Eakin, D.E.; Gorges, H.A.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Non-Timber Forest Products in Sri Lanka Rangika Perera  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center Louisiana State University Agricultural Center Forest Products Society 61st International industries and individual households Use as medicines by majority of rural people IMPORTANCE OF NTFP IN SRI was analyzed. Initiatives created for increasing production. Continuous assessment and monitoring. SUCCESS

115

High Efficiency Gas Turbines Overcome Cogeneration Project Feasibility Hurdles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

steam injection, NOx control without selective catalytic reduction, (SCRl, reduced down time during maintenance and dispatchability. other factors influencing enhanced aeroderivative economics are complete generator set packaging at the factory... generation packages. EXTENDED ABSTRACT Competition, PURPA, Cogeneration, Independent Power Producers. Topics of mere conversation ten years ago are becoming our laws of today and for electrical generation. Before the next generation of power plants...

King, J.

116

SECO - Dow Corning's Wood Fueled Industrial Cogeneration Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 1979, Dow Corning Corporation decided to build a wood fueled steam and electric cogeneration (SECO) power plant at Midland, Michigan. This decision was prompted by the high cost of oil and natural gas, an abundant supply of wood in mid Michigan...

Betts, W. D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Technical assessment of an oil-fired residential cogeneration system  

SciTech Connect

The definition of cogeneration, within the context of this project, is the simultaneous production of electricity and heat energy from a single machine. This report will present the results of an engineering analysis of the efficiency and energy-conservation potential associated with a unique residential oil-fired cogeneration system that provides both heat and electric power. The system operates whenever a thermostat signals a call for heat in the home, just as a conventional heating system. However, this system has the added benefit of cogenerating electricity whenever it is running to provide space heating comfort. The system is designed to burn No. 2 heating oil, which is consumed in an 11-horsepower, two cylinder, 56.75-cubic-inch, 1850-RPM diesel engine. This unit is the only pre-production prototype residential No. 2 oil-fired cogeneration system known to exist in the world. As such, it is considered a landmark development in the field of oil-heat technology.

McDonald, R.J.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Guidelines for Assessing the Feasibility of Small Cogeneration Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

escalation of energy prices in the last decade and the passage of PURPA. Where electric rates are sufficiently high, cogeneration can be feasible for entities having energy bills as low as $500,000 per year, including small industrial firms, office buildings...

Whiting, M., Jr.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Journal of Geological Society of Sri Lanka Vol. 15 (2013), 69-83 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY POTENTIAL IN SRI LANKA: A PRELIMINARY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal of Geological Society of Sri Lanka Vol. 15 (2013), 69-83 69 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY POTENTIAL faults or hot dry rock that would help geothermal energy development. Data show three regions, metamorphic terrains INTRODUCTION Geothermal energy development in Sri Lanka has been considered

Jones, Alan G.

120

Radioactive contamination of SrI2(Eu) crystal scintillator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A strontium iodide crystal doped by europium (SrI2(Eu)) was produced by using the Stockbarger growth technique. The crystal was subjected to characterisation that included relative photoelectron output and energy resolution for gamma quanta. The intrinsic radioactivity of SrI2(Eu) crystal scintillator was tested both in scintillation mode and by using ultra-low background HPGe gamma spectrometry deep underground. The response of the SrI2(Eu) detector to alpha particles (alpha/beta ratio and pulse shape) was estimated by analysing the 226Ra trace contamination internal to the crystal. We have found alpha/beta=0.55 and no difference in scintillation decay for alpha particles and gamma quanta. The application of the obtained results in the search for the double electron capture and electron capture with positron emission in 84Sr has been investigated at a level of sensitivity T_1/2 \\sim 10^15-10^16 yr. The results of these studies demonstrate the potentiality of this material for a variety of scintillation appli...

Belli, P; Cerulli, R; Danevich, F A; Galenin, E; Gektin, A; Incicchitti, A; Isaienko, V; Kobychev, V V; Laubenstein, M; Nagorny, S S; Podviyanuk, R B; Tkachenko, S; Tretyak, V I

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ipt sri cogeneration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Solar Resource Assessment for Sri Lanka and Maldives  

SciTech Connect

The countries of Sri Lanka and the Maldives lie within the equatorial belt, a region where substantial solar energy resources exist throughout much of the year in adequate quantities for many applications, including solar water heating, solar electricity, and desalination. The extent of solar resources in Sri Lanka has been estimated in the past based on a study of the daily total direct sunshine hours recorded at a number of weather and agricultural stations throughout the country. These data have been applied to the well-known Angstrom relationship in order to obtain an estimate of the distribution of monthly average daily total solar resources at these stations. This study is an effort in improve on these estimates in two ways: (1) to apply a gridded cloud cover database at a 40-km resolution to produce updated monthly average daily total estimates of all solar resources (global horizontal, DNI, and diffuse) for the country, and (2) to input hourly or three-hourly cloud cover observations made at nine weather stations in Sri Lanka and two in the Maldives into a solar model that produces estimates of hourly solar radiation values of the direct normal, global, and diffuse resource covering the length of the observational period. Details and results of these studies are summarized in this report.

Renne, D.; George, R.; Marion, B.; Heimiller, D.; Gueymard, C.

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Tide Gauge Observations of 2004–2007 Indian Ocean Tsunamis from Sri Lanka and Western Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tide gauge data collected from Sri Lanka (three ... the local and regional topography. At all tide gauges, the spectral energy corresponding to periods between 20 and 85...

Charitha B. Pattiaratchi; E. M. Sarath Wijeratne

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Solar Assisted Air Heating Process?Implementing Solar Collectors in Sri Lankan Tea Industry.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Sri Lanka is one of the greatest producers and exporters of quality tea in the world. The tea industry plays a key role in… (more)

Erikson Brangstrup, Paulina

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Wind and Solar Resource Assessment of Sri Lanka and the Maldives (CD-ROM)  

SciTech Connect

The Wind and Solar Resource Assessment of Sri Lanka and the Maldives CD contains an electronic version of Wind Energy Resource Atlas of Sri Lanka and the Maldives (NREL/TP-500-34518), Solar Resource Assessment for Sri Lanka and the Maldives (NREL/TO-710-34645), Sri Lanka Wind Farm Analysis and Site Selection Assistance (NREL/SR-500-34646), GIS Data Viewer (software and data files with a readme file), and Hourly Solar and Typical Meteorological Year Data with a readme file.

Elliott, D.; Schwartz, M.; Scott, G.; Haymes, S.; Heimiller, D.; George, R.

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

An Ontological Approach to Meet Information Needs of Farmers in Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Farmers in Sri Lanka are badly affected by not being ... -specific manner. To address this shortcoming an international collaborative research project was launched to develop...

Anusha Indika Walisadeera…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

A History of Research in Fault Tolerant Computing at SRI International  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper offers a history of the research in fault-tolerant computing at the Computer Science Laboratory of SRI International. This research program, one of several...

Jack Goldberg

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Small-Scale Industrial Cogeneration: Design Using Reciprocating Engines and Absorption Chillers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SMALL-SCALE INDUSTRIAL COGENERATION: DESIGN USING RECIPROCATING ENGINES AND ABSORPTION CHILLER Joseph R. Wagner Mechanical Technology Incorporated Latham, ABSTRACT This paper describes a packaged cogeneration system designed for light... industrial applications (i.e., situations where a user wants a maximum of 1 MW of cogenerated electricity). The design employs reci procating engines fueled with natural gas or liquid fuels. Waste heat from the engine exhaust and jacket water is used...

Wagner, J. R.

128

Sweet-Talking the Climate? Evaluating Sugar Mill Cogeneration and Climate Change Financing in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cogeneration  and  wind  power  plants  because  they  are MW wind  farm instead of a 20 MW coal?fired power plant.  

Ranganathan, Malini; Haya, Barbara; Kirpekar, Sujit

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Second law analysis of a natural gas-fired steam boiler and cogeneration plant.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A second law thermodynamic analysis of a natural gas-fired steam boiler and cogeneration plant at Rice University was conducted. The analysis included many components of… (more)

Conklin, Eric D

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Computer-based gas accounting system at the TETs-26 Mosenergo cogeneration station  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experience gained from the introduction and operation of microprocessor systems for metering gas consumption and its heating value at Mosenergo’s cogeneration stations is considered.

A. V. Zakharenkov; V. N. Degterev; V. V. Usanov; A. A. Shkurin…

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

The efficiency of technical retrofitting of cogeneration stations using combined-cycle plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the problem of technical retrofitting of gas-and-oil fired steam-turbine cogeneration stations by converting them into combined-cycle plants...

L. S. Popyrin; M. D. Dil’man; G. M. Belyaeva

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Capacity and Energy Payments to Small Power Producers and Cogenerators  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Capacity and Energy Payments to Small Power Producers and Capacity and Energy Payments to Small Power Producers and Cogenerators Under PURPA Docket (Georgia) Capacity and Energy Payments to Small Power Producers and Cogenerators Under PURPA Docket (Georgia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Developer Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Georgia Program Type Green Power Purchasing Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals Docket No. 4822 was enacted by the Georgia Public Service Commission in accordance with The Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA)

133

BP Cherry Point Cogeneration Project Draft Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Environmental Impact Statement Draft Environmental Impact Statement DOE/EIS-0349 Lead Agencies: Energy Facility Site Evaluation Council Bonneville Power Administration Cooperating Agency: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers September 5, 2003 EFSEC Washington State Energy Facility Site Evaluation Council September 5, 2003 Dear Reader: Enclosed for your review is the Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) for the proposed BP Cherry Point Cogeneration Project. The proponent, BP West Coast Products, LLC, has requested to build a 720-Megawatt Gas-Fired Combined Cycle Cogeneration Facility in Whatcom County, Washington, and interconnect this facility into the regional power transmission grid. To integrate the new power generation into the transmission grid, Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) may need to re-build 4.7 miles of an existing 230-kV

134

Optimizing Process Loads in Industrial Cogeneration Energy Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

applied to power generation and industrial cogeneration are extended to solving this trigeneration problem where the optimum dispatch of the final load devices (i.e. compressors, fans, pumps, etc.) are an integral part of the total energy system...-04-29 Proceedings from the Seventeenth Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, April 5-6, 1995 optimum dispatch solutions, and an iterative simultaneous solution of the integrated system is required. The solution dependency arises when the end use...

Ahner, D. J.; Babson, P. E.

135

Managing Abnormal Operation through Process Integration and Cogeneration Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

area. Since it is found in deep reservoirs it may contain components such as hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide. These components due to their properties cause corrosion and are toxic therefore they should be separated from natural gas before... organizations (UNEP 2006). 19 De-aerator is also one of the units in cogeneration system. Since dissolved gases such as oxygen and carbon dioxide can cause corrosion, deaerator unit is responsible for separating them from condensate stream to steam...

Kamrava, Serveh

2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

136

Abstract 731: SRI-28731, a highly potent and selective MAP4K4 (HGK) inhibitor for cancer therapy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2014; San Diego, CA Abstract 731: SRI-28731, a highly potent and selective...Beviglia Lidia Sambucetti Ling Jong SRI International, Menlo Park, CA. MAP4K4, a Ser...and selective MAP4K4 inhibitor (SRI-28731) with potent in vitro and...

Chih-Tsung Chang; Jaehyeon Park; Wei Zhou; Xiaohe Liu; Barbara Sato; Dominic Dinh; Anna Furimsky; Lucia Beviglia; Lidia Sambucetti; and Ling Jong

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

A novel mutation 5’ to the HMG box of theSRY gene in a case of Swyer syndrome  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe a novel mutation in the coding region of theSRY gene in a 46, XY female with Swyer syndrome. Analysis ofSRY was carried out by direct sequencing of a 780-bp PCR product that included theSRY open readi...

G. Mustafa Saifi; Preetha Tilak; Reiner Veitia; I. Manorama Thomas…

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

File:Sri Lanka Wind Resource Map.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka Wind Resource Map.pdf Sri Lanka Wind Resource Map.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Sri Lanka Wind Resource Map Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 1.85 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) This map was produced by NREL with technical assistance from TrueWind Solutions and with funding from the U.S. Agency for International Development. Description Sri Lanka Wind Resource Map Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Wind Creation Date 2004-06 Extent International Countries Sri Lanka UN Region Southern Asia File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment

139

Development of a knowledge-based system for cogeneration plant design: Verification, validation and lessons learned  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the development of a knowledge-based system (KBS) prototype able to design natural gas cogeneration plants, demonstrating new features for this field. The design of such power plants represents a synthesis problem, subject to thermodynamic ... Keywords: Cogeneration, Design, Knowledge-based system, Validation, Verification

Jonny Carlos Da Silva, José Alexandre Matelli, Edson Bazzo

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Foreign ownership, technological capabilities and clothing exports in Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Drawing on recent developments in applied international trade and innovation and learning in developing countries, this paper examines the links between firm-level export performance, foreign ownership and the acquisition of technological capabilities in a sample of 205 clothing enterprises in Sri Lanka. Econometric analysis indicates that foreign ownership, firm size, human capital, technological capabilities and geographical location are all positively associated with export shares. Furthermore, higher levels of technological capability are associated with larger firm size, university-level manpower and in-house technological effort. Micro-level investigations are a complementary input to developing policies for promoting private sector competitiveness in outward-oriented developing countries.

Ganeshan Wignaraja

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ipt sri cogeneration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Cogeneration and community design: performance based model for optimization of the design of U.S. residential communities utilizing cogeneration systems in cold climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

utilized to assess the impact of each parameter on cogeneration system performance and to optimize the community design to improve that performance. Assessment procedures included: developing a base-line model representing typical design characteristics...

Rashed Ali Atta, Hazem Mohamed

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

142

Improving Relevance and Quality of Undergraduate Education in Sri Lanka: the need for a change in public funding strategy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article discusses the importance of improving relevance and quality of higher education in Sri Lanka. Undergraduate education should be directed towards the needs of the country. Graduate unemployment is an issue in Sri Lanka, which needs urgent remedial actions. This paper also reviews the main features of the funding mechanism in Sri Lanka and identifies issues of concern in funding strategy in Sri Lanka. This is an opportune moment to assess the extent to which Sri Lanka should and can reform its funding strategies for higher education and there are many lessons to be learned from international practice.

Pradeep Randiwela; Siriyama Kanthi Herath

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Meteorology: typical meteorological year data for selected stations in Sri  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): A data set of hourly values of solar radiation and meteorological elements for a 1-year period. (Purpose): Simulations (Supplemental Information): A TMY consists of months selected from individual years and concatenated to form a complete year. The intended use is for computer simulations of solar energy conversion systems and building systems. Because of the selection criteria, these TMYs are not appropriate for simulations of wind energy conversion systems. A TMY provides a standard for hourly data for solar radiation and other meteorological elements that permit performance comparisons of system types and configurations for one or more locations. A TMY is not necessarily a good indicator of conditions over the next year, or even the next 5 years. Rather, it represents conditions judged to be typical over a long period of time, such as 30 years. Because they represent typical rather than extreme conditions, they are not suited for designing systems and their components to meet the worst-case conditions occurring at a location.

144

Technical Report - Sri Lanka and the Maldives Wind Energy Resource  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka and the Maldives Wind Energy Resource Sri Lanka and the Maldives Wind Energy Resource Assessment Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This document describes the development of detailed high-resolution (1 km2) wind energy resource maps for Sri Lanka and the Maldives. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential within Sri Lanka and the Maldives. Source NREL Date Released August 21st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated August 21st, 2006 (8 years ago) Keywords documentation GEF GIS Maldives NREL Sri Lanka SWERA UNEP wind Data application/pdf icon Download Report (pdf, 30.1 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2006 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Restrictions to use (Use Constraints): This GIS data was developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory ("NREL"), which is operated by the Midwest Research Institute for the U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE"). The user is granted the right, without any fee or cost, to use, copy, modify, alter, enhance and distribute this data for any purpose whatsoever, provided that this entire notice appears in all copies of the data. Further, the user of this data agrees to credit NREL in any publications or software that incorporate or use the data. Access to and use of the GIS data shall further impose the following obligations on the User. The names DOE/NREL may not be used in any advertising or publicity to endorse or promote any product or commercial entity using or incorporating the GIS data unless specific written authorization is obtained from DOE/NREL. The User also understands that DOE/NREL shall not be obligated to provide updates, support, consulting, training or assistance of any kind whatsoever with regard to the use of the GIS data. THE GIS DATA IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL DOE/NREL BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO CLAIMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE LOSS OF DATA OR PROFITS, WHICH MAY RESULT FROM AN ACTION IN CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS CLAIM THAT ARISES OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE ACCESS OR USE OF THE GIS DATA. The User acknowledges that access to the GIS data is subject to U.S. Export laws and regulations and any use or transfer of the GIS data must be authorized under those regulations. The User shall not use, distribute, transfer, or transmit GIS data or any products incorporating the GIS data except in compliance with U.S. export regulations. If requested by DOE/NREL, the User agrees to sign written assurances and other export-related documentation as may be required to comply with U.S. export regulations.

145

Gas Turbine Cogeneration Plant for the Dade County Government Center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

expansion plans, the system will efficiently produce additional electricity when chilled water demands are low. Houston, Texas The cogeneration plant consists of a Rolls-Royce gas turbine-generator set and a waste-heat recovery system which recovers... waste heat from the gas I tur bine exhaust. The waste-heat recovery syste~ con sists of a Zurn dual-pressure, heat recovery bpiler, a Thermo Electron dual-pressure, extraction /conden sing steam turbine generator set, and four Tra~e ab sorption...

Michalowski, R. W.; Malloy, M. K.

146

Cogeneration - prepackaged systems: Tecogen used to fix aborted Firestone job  

SciTech Connect

A new 60-kW Thermo Electron Tecogen cogenerating system that will allow Vallejo, CA residents to use an outdoor pool in winter will also cut the city's heating and electricity costs by about $26,000 a year and have a less than four-year payback. After the project was abandoned by the now defunct Firestone Energy Systems Inc., the contract was awarded to a local firm. Thermo Electron bid its pre-packaged unit for $102,750 installed, with a maintenance offer of two cents per kilowatt hour of generator run-time. The city is contemplating legal action against Firestone.

Maggs, J.

1986-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

147

Waste-to-Energy Cogeneration Project, Centennial Park  

SciTech Connect

The Waste-to-Energy Cogeneration Project at Centennial Park has allowed methane from the closed Centennial landfill to export excess power into the the local utility’s electric grid for resale. This project is part of a greater brownfield reclamation project to the benefit of the residents of Munster and the general public. Installation of a gas-to-electric generator and waste-heat conversion unit take methane byproduct and convert it into electricity at the rate of about 103,500 Mwh/year for resale to the local utility. The sale of the electricity will be used to reduce operating budgets by covering the expenses for streetlights and utility bills. The benefits of such a project are not simply financial. Munster’s Waste-to Energy Cogeneration Project at Centennial Park will reduce the community’s carbon footprint in an amount equivalent to removing 1,100 cars from our roads, conserving enough electricity to power 720 homes, planting 1,200 acres of trees, or recycling 2,000 tons of waste instead of sending it to a landfill.

Johnson, Clay; Mandon, Jim; DeGiulio, Thomas; Baker, Ryan

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

148

Economics of electric alternatives to cogeneration in commercial buildings: Final report  

SciTech Connect

The economics of packaged cogeneration systems are characterized for five typical commercial applications: office building with computer center, supermarket, fast food restaurant, hospital, and swimming pool/health club. The operation of these systems in each application is evaluated for three utility rate scenarios. Alternative high-efficiency electric technologies for the thermal energy application of each cogeneration package are identified, characterized, and evaluated. The economics of the packaged cogeneration systems are compared with the high-efficiency electric alternatives. 8 refs., 9 figs., 21 tabs.

Dobyns, J.; Estey, P.

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Sri Chamundeswari Sugars Limited SCSL | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Chamundeswari Sugars Limited SCSL Chamundeswari Sugars Limited SCSL Jump to: navigation, search Name Sri Chamundeswari Sugars Limited (SCSL) Place Bangalore, Karnataka, India Zip 560042 Sector Biomass Product Karnataka-based producer of sugar that has also developed biomass plants including a biogas plant. Coordinates 12.97092°, 77.60482° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":12.97092,"lon":77.60482,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

150

Sri Swarna Green Power SSGP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Swarna Green Power SSGP Swarna Green Power SSGP Jump to: navigation, search Name Sri Swarna Green Power (SSGP) Place Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India Zip 500033 Sector Wind energy Product Hyderabad-based wind project developer. Coordinates 17.6726°, 77.5971° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":17.6726,"lon":77.5971,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

151

Carbon emission trading in India and Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Kyoto Protocol has established three trading mechanisms, namely International Emission Trading (IET), Joint Implementation (JI) and Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) which enable industrialised countries to achieve carbon emission reduction targets as economically as possible. Out of these three mechanisms, CDM is the most important mechanism for the developing countries. CDM allows the carbon emission reductions achieved in developing countries from environmentally friendly projects to be transferred to developed countries so that the developed countries could use credits from emission reducing projects undertaken in developing countries towards meeting their emission reduction targets. Several developing countries, including India and Sri Lanka have taken initiatives to develop CDM projects. However, implementation of CDM projects has met various difficulties. This paper examines some of these difficulties and suggests improvements to achieve better results.

G.D. Sardana; S.W.S.B. Dasanayaka

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Sri Guru Prabha Power Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Guru Prabha Power Pvt Ltd Guru Prabha Power Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Sri Guru Prabha Power Pvt. Ltd. Place Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India Zip 500 080 Sector Biomass Product Hyderabad-based biomass project developer. Coordinates 17.6726°, 77.5971° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":17.6726,"lon":77.5971,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

153

Weathering and aggregate suitability—A case history from the “Victoria” project, Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Victoria Project under construction near Kandy in Sri Lanka, required 1.7 million tonnes of aggregate to be quarried in slightly weathered gneiss. This paper describes an investigation into the strength an...

C. Stevens

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Profile of Entrepreneurs of SME Sector in Sri Lanka: Motivations, Perceived Success Factors and Problems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Seventy six entrepreneurs in Colombo district, Sri Lanka were surveyed to determine their motivations for business ownership; the perceived success factors, and their problems. Data was collected through perso...

B. Nishantha; K. P. J. M. Pathirana

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Evaluation of physical activity among adults with diabetes mellitus from Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We evaluated the patterns of physical activity (PA) and the prevalence of physical inactivity among Sri Lankan adults with diabetes mellitus. Data were collected as part of a wider cross-sectional national stu...

D Chathuranga Ranasinghe; Priyanga Ranasinghe…

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Potential acceptors of Norplant implants in comparison with recently sterilized women in Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper analyzes data from a population-based survey fielded in Sri Lanka, which showed that almost half of ... limit childbearing, a pattern also found in international Norplant clinical studies. A comparison...

S. Thapa; V. De Silva; M. G. Farr

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Resistance Towards the Language of Globalisation – The Case of Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper relates the contemporary educational reforms in Sri Lanka to the processes of globalisation. The international monetary organisations such as the IMF and ... examines its effects on the education polic...

Lakshman Punchi

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Exclusive breastfeeding in Sri Lanka: problems of interpretation of reported rates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Accurate interpretation of reported breastfeeding rates is essential in understanding the true picture of a country's breastfeeding status. In Sri Lanka, where the reported exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) rate a...

Suneth B Agampodi; Thilini C Agampodi…

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

The trouser under the cloth : Ceylon/Sri Lanka, personal space in the decolonization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines the processes of decolonization in Ceylon/Sri Lanka, through the expressions of personal space surrounding the event of political independence. Personal space is understood as dress, manners, and ...

Pieris, Anoma D. (Anoma Darshani)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Molecular Studies in Horses with SRY-Positive XY Sex Reversal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MOLECULAR STUDIES IN HORSES WITH SRY-POSITIVE XY SEX REVERSAL SYNDROME A Thesis by ERICA FANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... WITH SRY-POSITIVE XY SEX REVERSAL SYNDROME A Thesis by ERICA FANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Co...

Fang, Erica

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ipt sri cogeneration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Decentralised optimisation of cogeneration in virtual power plants  

SciTech Connect

Within several projects we investigated grid structures and management strategies for active grids with high penetration of renewable energy resources and distributed generation (RES and DG). Those ''smart grids'' should be designed and managed by model based methods, which are elaborated within these projects. Cogeneration plants (CHP) can reduce the greenhouse gas emissions by locally producing heat and electricity. The integration of thermal storage devices is suitable to get more flexibility for the cogeneration operation. If several power plants are bound to centrally managed clusters, it is called ''virtual power plant''. To operate smart grids optimally, new optimisation and model reduction techniques are necessary to get rid with the complexity. There is a great potential for the optimised management of CHPs, which is not yet used. Due to the fact that electrical and thermal demands do not occur simultaneously, a thermally driven CHP cannot supply electrical peak loads when needed. With the usage of thermal storage systems it is possible to decouple electric and thermal production. We developed an optimisation method based on mixed integer linear programming (MILP) for the management of local heat supply systems with CHPs, heating boilers and thermal storages. The algorithm allows the production of thermal and electric energy with a maximal benefit. In addition to fuel and maintenance costs it is assumed that the produced electricity of the CHP is sold at dynamic prices. This developed optimisation algorithm was used for an existing local heat system with 5 CHP units of the same type. An analysis of the potential showed that about 10% increase in benefit is possible compared to a typical thermally driven CHP system under current German boundary conditions. The quality of the optimisation result depends on an accurate prognosis of the thermal load which is realised with an empiric formula fitted with measured data by a multiple regression method. The key functionality of a virtual power plant is to increase the value of the produced power by clustering different plants. The first step of the optimisation concerns the local operation of the individual power generator, the second step is to calculate the contribution to the virtual power plant. With small extensions the suggested MILP algorithm can be used for an overall EEX (European Energy Exchange) optimised management of clustered CHP systems in form of the virtual power plant. This algorithm has been used to control cogeneration plants within a distribution grid. (author)

Wille-Haussmann, Bernhard; Erge, Thomas; Wittwer, Christof [Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, Heidenhofstrasse 2, 79110 Freiburg (Germany)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

162

Assessment of the Technical Potential for Micro-Cogeneration in Small  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Micro-Cogeneration in Small for Micro-Cogeneration in Small Commercial Buildings across the United States Jump to: navigation, search Name Assessment of the Technical Potential for Micro-Cogeneration in Small Commercial Buildings across the United States Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Partner B. Griffith Focus Area Buildings, Commercial, Energy Efficiency - Central Plant, Energy Efficiency Phase Evaluate Options Resource Type Case studies/examples Availability Publicly available--Free Publication Date 1/5/2008 Website http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy08o Locality Not Applicable References Assessment of the Technical Potential for Micro-Cogeneration in Small Commercial Buildings across the United States[1] Overview This paper presents an assessment of the technical potential for

163

ADVANCED EXERGY ANALYSIS APPLIED TO THE GAS-TURBINE BASED CO-GENERATION SYSTEM.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The thesis focuses on the evaluation and improvement of a gas-turbine based co-generation system, from an exergetic point of view. A conventional exergy analysis has… (more)

AZZARELLI, GIUSEPPE

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Commissioning and Start Up of a 110 MegaWatt Cogeneration Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

operations. As a result of the Project Team's efforts, the cogeneration facility achieved 100% of design output on December 22, 1987 without any significant impact on the manufacturing facility."...

Good, R.

165

Prospects for constructing cogeneration stations equipped with back-pressure steam turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The possibilities of using back-pressure cogeneration turbines developed on the basis of serially produced ... with the thermal process circuits in which such turbines are applied. Design versions and advantages ...

A. A. Ivanovskii; A. Yu. Kultyshev; M. Yu. Stepanov

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Electric utility forecasting of customer cogeneration and the influence of special rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cogeneration, or the simultaneous production of heat and electric or mechanical power, emerged as one of the main components of the energy conservation strategies in the past decade. Special tax treatment, exemptions from ...

Pickel, Frederick H.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Development of Practical Stirling Engine for Co-Generation System Using Woody Biomass Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With this background, in 2005, we manufactured a practical Stirling engine using biomass fuels. And we proposed a unique co-generation system using a practical Stirling engine that utilizes woody biomass fuel suc...

Akira Hoshi; Nobutoshi Tezuka; Seizi Sasaki…

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Maximum Profit of a Cogeneration System Based on Stirling Thermodynamic Cycle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Stirling engine technologies have been applied to cogeneration systems mainly for residential applications. The performance of Stirling engines has been evaluated considering different operational conditions, which include the electrical and thermal ... Keywords: Numerical Optimisation, Thermo-economic Analysis, Stirling Engine

Ana Cristina Ferreira, Manuel Nunes, Luís Martins, Senhorinha Teixeira

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Analysis of the fuel efficiency of gas-turbine cogeneration stations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A technique for evaluating the fuel efficiency of the combined generation of electricity and heat at a gas-turbine cogeneration station is presented. The effects the regeneration degree of the gas-turbine cycle a...

V. I. Evenko; A. S. Strebkov

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

A mini cogeneration station constructed on the basis of a inverted gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The basic process circuit of a mini cogeneration station constructed on the basis of an internal combustion engine and a inverted gasifier operating on coal fuel is developed. The optimal mode of gasifier operati...

A. M. Dubinin; E. V. Cherepanova; V. G. Tuponogov; O. A. Obozhin

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Investigation of coal fired combined-cycle cogeneration plants for power, heat, syngas, and hydrogen  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The methodology for determination of technical and economic efficiency of coal fired combined-cycle cogeneration plant (CCCP) with low-pressure ... steam-gas generator and continuous flow gasifier at combined pro...

V. E. Nakoryakov; G. V. Nozdrenko; A. G. Kuzmin

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Evaluation and Design of Utility Co-Owned Cogeneration Systems for Industrial Parks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute, EPRI, is currently evaluating the potential of utility co-owned cogeneration facilities in industrial parks. This paper describes part of the work performed by one of EPRI's contractors, Impell Corporation...

Hu, D. S.; Tamaro, R. F.; Schiller, S. R.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Simplified thermoeconomic approach to cost allocation in acombined cycle cogeneration and district energy system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1997 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering SIMPLIFIED THERMOECONOMIC APPROACH TO COST ALLOCATION IN A COMBINED CYCLE COGENERATION AND DISTRICT ENERGY SYSTEM A Thesis By JASON GRAHAM FLEMING... (Member) Jerald Caton (Head of Department) May 1997 lviajor Sui&ject: lviechanical Engineering ABSTRACT Simplified Thermoeconomic Approach to Cost Allocation in a Combined Cycle Cogeneration and District Energy System. (May 1997) Jason Graham...

Fleming, Jason Graham

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Marginal Cost of Steam and Power from Cogeneration Systems Using a Rational Value-Allocation Procedure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Gwaiz, BS EE Energy Conservation Engineer Saudi Aramco, Ras Tanura, Saudi Arabia majid.gwaiz@aramco.com ABSTRACT The problem of pricing steam and power from cogeneration systems has confounded engineers, economists, and accountants for a very... MARGINAL COST OF STEAM AND POWER FROM COGENERATION SYSTEMS USING A RATIONAL VALUE-ALLOCATION PROCEDURE Jimmy D Kumana, MS ChE Energy Conservation Specialist Saudi Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia jimmy.kumana@aramco.com Majid M Al...

Kumana, J. D.; Al-Gwaiz, M. M.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

BP Cherry Point Cogeneration Project Draft Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Appendices Appendices DOE/EIS-0349 Lead Agencies: Energy Facility Site Evaluation Council Bonneville Power Administration Cooperating Agency: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers September 5, 2003 SITING AND WETLAND 404(b)1 ALTERNATIVES ANALYSIS BP CHERRY POINT COGENERATION PROJECT [REVISED] Prepared for: BP West Coast Products, LLC Submitted by: Golder Associates Inc. March 2003 013-1421.541 March 2003 i 013-1421.541 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page No. 1. INTRODUCTION 1 2. PURPOSE AND NEED 5 3. ALTERNATIVES 6 3.1 No Action Alternative 6 3.1.1 Self-Reliance 6 3.1.2 Efficiency 6 3.1.3 Reliability 6 3.1.4 Other Impacts of the No Action Alternative 7 3.2 Project Site Location Alternative Selection Process 7 3.2.1 Sufficient Acreage Available

176

Co-generation at CERN Beneficial or not?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A co-generation plant for the combined production of electricity and heat has recently been installed on the CERN Meyrin site. This plant consists of: a gas turbine generator set (GT-set), a heat recovery boiler for the connection to the CERN primary heating network, as well as various components for the integration on site. A feasibility study was carried out and based on the argument that the combined use of natural gas -available anyhow for heating purposes- gives an attractively high total efficiency, which will, in a period of time, pay off the investment. This report will explain and update the calculation model, thereby confirming the benefits of the project. The results from the commissioning tests will be taken into account, as well as the benefits to be realized under the condition that the plant can operate undisturbed by technical setbacks which, incidentally, has not been entirely avoided during the first year of test-run and operation.

Wilhelmsson, M

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Combustion converter development for topping and cogeneration applications  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the development of combustion-heated thermionic converters. Combustion applications pose a materials problem that does not exist for thermionic converters used in the vacuum of outer space. The high-temperature components of a thermionic converter must be protected from the oxidizing terrestrial environment. A layer of silicon carbide provides the most satisfactory protective coating, or ''hot shell,'' for the emitter and lead of a combustion-heated thermionic converter. Four areas of work aimed at developing combustion heated thermionic converters will be discussed: improving the performance of the two-inch torispherical converter, modifications to the converter so that it may be used in multi-converter modules, the construction of a thermionic cogeneration test furnace, and a converter life test in an oil-fired furnace.

Goodale, D.; Lieb, D.; Miskolczy, G.; Moffat, A.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Novel integrated gas turbine solar cogeneration power plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Concentrating solar cogeneration power plants (CSCPP) may provide a key solution for the pressing freshwater deficits in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region and could be used in the future for export electricity to Europe. From this standpoint the current study was undertaken to include proposed schemes of CSCPP, that would fully exploit the potential of hybrid reverse osmosis (RO)/multi effect distillation (MED) seawater desalination. Thereby, the primary objective of the present study was to identify and investigate the effectiveness and thermodynamic performance of CSCPP schemes. To satisfy this objective, detailed computational model for key components in the plant has been developed and implemented on simulation computer code. The thermal effectiveness in the computational model was characterized by the condition of attaining a maximum fuel saving in the electrical power grid (EPG). The study result shows the effectiveness of proposed CSCPP schemes. Especially the integrated gas turbine solar cogeneration power plant (IGSCP) scheme seems to be an alternative of the most effective technologies in terms of technical, economic and environmental sustainability. For the case study (IGSCP and the design number of effects 10 for low-temperature MED unit) the economical effect amount 172.3 ton fuel/year for each MW design thermal energy of parabolic solar collector array (PSCA). The corresponding decrease in exhaust gases emission (nitrogen oxides (NOx) 0.681 ton/year MW, carbon dioxides (CO2) 539.5 ton/year MW). Moreover, the increase in the output of PSCA and, subsequently, in solar power generation, will also be useful to offset the normal reduction in performance experienced by gas turbine unit during the summer season. Hence, the influence of the most important design parameters on the effectiveness of ISGPP has been discussed in this paper.

Hussain Alrobaei

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

A proportional method for calculating the efficiency and specific consumption of fuel at gas-turbine cogeneration stations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new proportional method for calculating the indicators characterizing the energy efficiency of gas-turbine cogeneration stations is presented. The data obtained are compared...

G. P. Chitashvili

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Models of care that have reduced maternal mortality and morbidity in Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sri Lanka, a non-industrialized country with limited resources, has been able to achieve a maternal mortality ratio that is markedly lower than the ratios of similar countries. Many factors have contributed to Sri Lanka's success story. A political commitment to the cause and implementation of clear policies through well-structured and organized community-based and institutional healthcare services—expanded to cover the whole country and provided free of charge—have been the foundation of maternal and child health (MCH) services in the country. The healthcare programs have been well accepted and utilized by the people as the literacy rate is more than 90% for both men and women. Public health midwives form the backbone of MCH services and provide frontline reproductive health care. More than 98% of deliveries occur in hospitals and are attended by midwives. Furthermore, 85% of women in Sri Lanka deliver in facilities served by specialist obstetricians/gynecologists. The Sri Lanka College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists plays a leading role by assisting the Family Health Bureau in making policies and guidelines, training staff, and acting as team leaders for maternity care services. This was evident after the tsunami in December 2004. National maternal mortality reviews, monitoring and evaluation of MCH activities, and relatively high contraceptive prevalence rates have also contributed to the success in Sri Lanka, which could serve as a model for other countries.

Rohana Haththotuwa; Lakshmen Senanayake; Upul Senarath; Deepika Attygalle

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ipt sri cogeneration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Antivenom for snakebite envenoming in Sri Lanka: The need for geographically specific antivenom and improved efficacy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sri Lanka is a tropical developing island nation that endures significant economic and medical burden as a result of snakebite envenomation, having not only a high prevalence of envenomations, but also one of the highest incidence rates (200 snakebites/100,000 people/year) of venomous snakebite in the world (Kasturiratne et al., 2005). Ironically, the very snakes responsible for this human morbidity and mortality are a valuable biomedical and ecological national resource, despite the medical and economic consequences of envenomation. Currently, no snake antivenom is produced using venoms from native Sri Lankan snakes as immunogens, and there is a true need for an efficacious Sri Lanka, poly-specific snake antivenom. An approach to fulfilling this need via combining the scientific, technological and economical resources from Costa Rica and the United States with the knowledge and talent of Sri Lankan official governmental agencies, legal counsels, environmental, medical and veterinary academic institutions, and religious and cultural leaders has been initiated, coordinated and funded by Animal Venom Research International (AVRI), a nonprofit charity. This bridging of nations and the cooperative pooling of their resources represents a potential avenue for antivenom development in a developing country that suffers the consequences of few specific resources for the medical management of venomous snakebite. The desired final outcome of such an endeavor for Sri Lanka is, most importantly, improved medical outcomes for snakebite patients, with enhanced and expanded science and technology relating to snake venoms and antivenoms, and the collateral benefits of reduced economic cost for the country.

D.E. Keyler; I. Gawarammana; J.M. Gutiérrez; K.H. Sellahewa; K. McWhorter; R. Malleappah

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Promotion of Biomass Cogeneration With Power Export in the Indian Sugar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Promotion of Biomass Cogeneration With Power Export in the Indian Sugar Industry Promotion of Biomass Cogeneration With Power Export in the Indian Sugar Industry India Helping Reduce the Risk of Global Warming Greenhouse Gas Pollution Prevention (GEP) Project in India India is the world’s fifth largest, and second fastest growing, source of greenhouse gas emissions. The GEP Project, conducted under an agreement with USAID-India and NETL, has helped to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from coal- and biomass-fired power plants. The Project has directly contributed to reducing emissions of CO2 by 6 to 10 million tons per year. India is the largest producer of sugar and also contains vast reserves of coal. Under the Project’s Advanced Bagasse Cogeneration Component, cogeneration (production of electricity and steam) using biomass fuels year-round in high efficiency boilers in sugar mills is promoted. Experts feel that, using the concept of sugar mill cogeneration, that as much as 5,000 megawatts of electricity can be generated through efficient combustion of bagasse in Indian sugar mills.

183

Sri Lanka-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon Cities:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon Cities: Sri Lanka-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon Cities: Transport and Building Electricity Use Jump to: navigation, search Name Sri Lanka-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon Cities: Transport and Building Electricity Use Agency/Company /Organization Clean Air Asia, Chreod Ltd. Partner Asian Development Bank (ADB), Ministry of Planning Sector Land Focus Area Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Website http://cleanairinitiative.org/

184

Sri Lanka-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production Sri Lanka-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Jump to: navigation, search Name Sri Lanka-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Industry Sector Climate, Energy, Water Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Economic Development, Goods and Materials, Industry, People and Policy, Water Conservation Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations

185

Optimal Operation Scheme for a Cogeneration System Promoted from an Emergency Standby System Combined with Absorption Chiller  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel optimal operation scheme for a cogeneration system that is promoted from an emergency standby system combined with absorption chiller is introduced. The fuel cost, Time-of-use (TOU) tariff and various operational constrains are taken into account ... Keywords: cogeneration system, Time-of-use tariff, optimal operation scheme

Shyi-Wen Wang

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

VEE-0088 - In the Matter of CPKelco Cogeneration, et al. | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

88 - In the Matter of CPKelco Cogeneration, et al. 88 - In the Matter of CPKelco Cogeneration, et al. VEE-0088 - In the Matter of CPKelco Cogeneration, et al. This Decision decides the merits of five Applications for Exception filed with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under the provisions of 10 C.F.R. § 1003.20. See infra Appendix. These Applications concern annual revenues and sales data pertaining to each firm's sale of electricity that the DOE Energy Information Administration (EIA) collects through Form EIA-861, "Annual Electric Power Industry Report." EIA publishes this data, by state, in firm-specific form. The present exception request seeks to have the Applicants' data withheld as confidential. In their Applications for Exception, the Applicants

187

Operating experience with a daily-dispatched LM-5000 STIG cogeneration plant  

SciTech Connect

The Yuba City Cogeneration Plant is a unique facility as it is a daily-dispatched LM-5000 steam injected gas turbine (STIG) that operates only during the peak summer months. This paper discusses the unique design, operation and maintenance requirements of the LM-5000 STIG. Engine operating history and maintenance problems are discussed. Reliability and availability data for the first three summer peak seasons are presented and compared with other cogeneration plant performance data. Calculations are based on North American Reliability Council/Generating Availability Data System (NERC/GADS) as a basis for operating statistic comparisons (1990). The LM-5000 STIG has demonstrated operating reliability and availability under daily cycling operation that is comparable to other base loaded aero-derivative cogeneration plants.

Peltier, R.V. [Stewart and Stevenson Services, Inc., Houston, TX (United States). Gas Turbine Productions Division; Swanekamp, R.C. [Power Magazine, New York, NY (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

188

European energy policy and the potential impact of HTR and nuclear cogeneration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper first provides an update on the current state of play and the potential future role of nuclear energy in Europe. It then describes the EU energy policy tools in the area of nuclear technology. It explains the three-tier strategy of the European nuclear technology platform and its demonstration initiatives, here specifically for nuclear cogeneration and HTR. The paper closes with an outlook on the boundary conditions at which HTR can become attractive for nuclear cogeneration, not only from an energy policy viewpoint but also economically.

Michael A. Fütterer; Johan Carlsson; Sander de Groot; Marc Deffrennes; Alexandre Bredimas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

A Simplified Self-Help Approach to Sizing of Small-Scale Cogeneration Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

applications for buildings are best served by small-scale systems such as a combustion turbine or engine coupled with a generator and a waste heat boiler. Natural gas and light fuel oils are the fuels best suited to these systems. Gas-fired Cogeneration systems... Cogeneration systems, which use a wide range of conventional fuels (natural gas, diesel fuel, gasoline or propane) and well-developed engines and generator sets. The packaged units are skid-mounted with appropriate controls and electrical switchgear included...

Somasundaram, S.; Turner, W. D.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

System of Rice Intensification (SRI) ISDA 2010, Montpellier, June 28-30, 2010 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to distinctive benefit-cost ratio. The organic supplementation due to compost, green manure and weed incorporation, enhanced soil microbial activities and aeration, often uncounted, the use of solar energy OF RICE INTENSIFICATION (SRI) Economic and Ecological Benefits of Improved production practice for Food

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

191

Tourism Planning and a Nation's Vision: A Review of the Tourism Policy of Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract As tourism is a vector of development, governments try to coordinate planning with national development objectives. In Sri Lanka, a post-war country, tourism has been perceived as a tool for post-war reconstruction and reconciliation. A blueprint document; the ‘Sri Lankan Tourism Development Strategy 2011-2016’, whose objectives are to distribute national economic benefits through tourism to economic development and national social cohesion, is guiding tourism development. Can it really be a bridge for reconstruction? This conceptual paper aims to assess the tourism reality in post-war Sri Lanka in the light of the blueprint document, by reviewing the policy with regards to; public or private tourism development, domestic or international tourism, special interest or mass tourism, tourism supply or resources focusing on the distribution of benefits. It concludes identifying gaps between the government tourism strategy, socio-economic and political situation. It contributes to the literature on Sri Lankan tourism development post-war, notably to review the tourism blueprint in its recognition and helps to build a body of knowledge on understanding tourism policy in the context of national reconstruction and social cohesion.

Zilmiyah Kamble; Frederic Bouchon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Usage within Cogeneration Technologies;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Number of Establishments by Usage of Cogeneration Technologies, 2006; 3 Number of Establishments by Usage of Cogeneration Technologies, 2006; Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Usage within Cogeneration Technologies; Unit: Establishment Counts. Establishments with Any Cogeneration NAICS Technology Code(a) Subsector and Industry Establishments(b) in Use(c) In Use(d) Not in Use Don't Know In Use(d) Not in Use Don't Know In Use(d) Not in Use Don't Know In Use(d) Not in Use Don't Know In Use(d) Not in Use Don't Know Total United States 311 Food 14,128 297 99 11,338 2,691 51 11,217 2,860 10 11,333 2,786 164 11,129 2,836 9 11,235 2,884 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 580 53 Q 499 38 5 532 42 W 533 W Q 533 44 5 530 45 311221 Wet Corn Milling 47 11 W 35 W W 43 W W 39 W 0 44 3 0 41 6 31131 Sugar Manufacturing

193

Biomass cogeneration, Port Townsend, Washington Study by Honors 220c, Energy & Environment,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biomass cogeneration, Port Townsend, Washington Study by Honors 220c, Energy & Environment, Humans Townsend Biomass Power Plant When considering the slash sources that will be used to fuel the Port Townsend from the current 84,000 dry tons to 184,000 dry tons with the new biomass plant addition (Wise, 2012

194

Stability analysis of permanent magnet synchronous generator used in micro-cogeneration systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper has a dual purpose: on the one hand the technical-economic analysis of cogeneration microplants (also emphasizing the producers' preferences for certain classes of electric generators in terms of using the same type of prime mover, respectively ... Keywords: electrical generators, m-CHP, renewable energies, stirling engine

Ion Voncil?; Nicolae Badea

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

A design approach to a risk review for fuel cell-based distributed cogeneration systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A risk review of a fuel cell-based distributed co-generation (FC-Based DCG) system was conducted to identify and quantify the major technological system risks in a worst-case scenario. A risk review entails both a risk assessment and a risk...

Luthringer, Kristin Lyn

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

196

Diagrams of regimes of cogeneration steam turbines for combined-cycle power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

General considerations regarding the form of the steam-consumption diagram for a three-loop cogeneration-type combined-cycle plant are formulated on the basis of ... 12.4 steam turbine for the PGU-410 combined-cycle

A. Yu. Kultyshev; M. Yu. Stepanov; T. Yu. Linder

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Estimating the efficiency of the vacuum deaerators used for treating network water at the Samara cogeneration station and their modernization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results from experimental studies on analyzing the operating conditions of the vacuum deaerators used to treat makeup water for the heat supply network connected to the Samara cogeneration station are presente...

A. A. Kudinov; D. V. Obukhov; S. K. Ziganshina

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Integrated: Enhanced Geospatial Toolkit for Sri Lanka from NREL | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Enhanced Geospatial Toolkit for Sri Lanka from NREL Enhanced Geospatial Toolkit for Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Stand-alone and easy to use geographic toolkit that allows non-GIS users to relate the renewable energy resource (solar and wind) data to other geographic data, such as land use, protected areas, elevation, etc. (Purpose): The Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) is a map-based software application that can be used for decision making and policy analysis in addition to planning for future energy projects. The SWERA application utilizes Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to develop common scenarios to evaluate potential locations for solar or wind energy plants. (Supplemental Information): Enhancements to the GeoSpatial Toolkit (GsT) were funded by USAID's Southeast Asia Regional Initiative/Energy (SARI/E). These enhancements include additional functionality and data development not available with the standard GeoSpatial Toolkit.

199

Integrated: Geospatial Toolkit for Sri Lanka from NREL | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from NREL Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Stand-alone and easy to use geographic toolkit that allows non-GIS users to relate the renewable energy resource (solar and wind) data to other geographic data, such as land use, protected areas, elevation, etc. (Purpose): The Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) is a map-based software application that can be used for decision making and policy analysis in addition to planning for future energy projects. The SWERA application utilizes Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to develop common scenarios to evaluate potential locations for solar or wind energy plants. (Supplemental Information): The zip file contains the geospatial toolkit executable, Getting Started Document, and metadata.

200

Integrated: Geospatial Toolkit GIS data for Sri Lanka from NREL | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from NREL Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data intended for use in the Geospatial toolkit or with any GIS software. (Purpose): The Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) is a map-based software application that can be used for decision making and policy analysis in addition to planning for future energy projects. The SWERA application utilizes Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to develop common scenarios to evaluate potential locations for solar or wind energy plants. (Supplemental Information): The zip file contains the available geospatial toolkit data and metadata. Each country's data package depends on the data provided by the SWERA partners. ---------------------------------------------------------

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ipt sri cogeneration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Assessment of the SRI Gasification Process for Syngas Generation with HTGR Integration -- White Paper  

SciTech Connect

This white paper is intended to compare the technical and economic feasibility of syngas generation using the SRI gasification process coupled to several high-temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGRs) with more traditional HTGR-integrated syngas generation techniques, including: (1) Gasification with high-temperature steam electrolysis (HTSE); (2) Steam methane reforming (SMR); and (3) Gasification with SMR with and without CO2 sequestration.

A.M. Gandrik

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Economic feasibility of carbon emission reduction in electricity generation, a case study based on Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main purpose of this paper is an assessment of economic feasibility in reducing carbon dioxide emission of electricity generation in Sri Lanka. The paper shows that the present annual green house gas (GHG) emission with respect to electricity generation in Sri Lanka is about 2.8 million metric tons. The identified total GHG emission reduction potential in electricity generation is about 37 GW. The total reduction in GHG will be 16 million metric tons per year. Considering the savings on fossil fuel combustion, the total investment on CHG reduction methods would be recovered within a reasonable period as confirmed by a sensitivity analysis. To achieve these benefits, broad policies and guidelines are presented in-line with the country's environmental obligations. This is the first time that this type of scientific research study has been carried out in Sri Lanka to ascertain the current situation of GHG emission of electricity generation, to identify possible methods in reducing carbon dioxide emission and their economic feasibility. The methodology employed and the policies derived can be used as guides to similar types of research in other countries as well.

S.W.S.B. Dasanayaka; W. Jayarathne

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Using HOMER Software, NREL's Micropower Optimization Model, to Explore the Role of Gen-sets in Small Solar Power Systems; Case Study: Sri Lanka  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses using HOMER Software, NREL's Micropower Optimization Model, to explore the role of gen-sets in small solar power systems in Sri Lanka.

Givler, T.; Lilienthal, P.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Modeling of energy utilization of tourism industry to predict the future energy demand to showcase Sri Lanka - The ‘Miracle of Asia’.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Tourism industry in Sri Lanka shares a substantial amount of GDP (Gross Domestic Product) and predicts an immense expansion within a short time frame.… (more)

Amarawardhana, Kumudu Nanditilaka

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Efficiency and Emissions Study of a Residential Micro–cogeneration System Based on a Stirling Engine and Fuelled by Diesel and Ethanol.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examined the performance of a residential micro–cogeneration system based on a Stirling engine and fuelled by diesel and ethanol. An extensive number of… (more)

Farra, Nicolas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Design, Installation, and Field Verification of Integrated Active Desiccant Hybrid Rooftop Systems Combined with a Natural Gas Driven Cogeneration Package, 2008  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Report summary of a research/demonstration project involving a custom 230 kW cogeneration package with four integrated active desiccant rooftop (IADR) systems

207

Success Story: Naval Medical Center San Diego Co-Generation Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Success Story Success Story Success Story Naval Medical Center San Diego Naval Medical Center San Diego Co-Generation Project Co-Generation Project Karen Jackson, SDG&E Karen Jackson, SDG&E Project Manager Project Manager Edward Thibodo, NAVFAC SW Edward Thibodo, NAVFAC SW Energy Team Contract Energy Team Contract ' ' s Lead s Lead NAVFAC Contractor NAVFAC Contractor ' ' s Guide: s Guide:   Partnering Philosophy Partnering Philosophy - - " " We W are partners e are partners in every contract we award. Partnering is in every contract we award. Partnering is an attitude that we both work hard to an attitude that we both work hard to develop, an it requires both of us to take develop, an it requires both of us to take some extra risk and trust one another. some extra risk and trust one another.

208

Cogeneration Systems for Powering and Cooling Data Centers: The Green Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cogeneration Systems for Powering and Cooling Data Centers: The Green Data Cogeneration Systems for Powering and Cooling Data Centers: The Green Data Center at Syracuse University Speaker(s): Dustin W. Demetriou Date: October 28, 2013 - 12:00pm - 1:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: William Tschudi In the near future, nearly 30 percent of data centers will run out of space, power or cooling capacity. The demand for these resources has brought energy efficiency to the forefront and driven creative thinking when considering data center construction. Syracuse University, IBM and GEM Energy opened a state-of-the-art data center composed of several innovative features that promised to reduce primary energy consumption by as much as 50 percent compared to a conventional utility-powered data center. Much of the advantage stems from the use of an on-site natural gas

209

Coyote Springs Cogeneration Project - Final Environmental Impact Statement and Record of Decision (DOE/EIS-0201)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Coyote Springs Cogeneration Project - Final Environmental Impact Statement Coyote Springs Cogeneration Project - Final Environmental Impact Statement Summary-1 Summary Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is a Federal power marketing agency in the U.S. Department of Energy. BPA is considering whether to transmit (wheel) electrical power from a proposed privately-owned, gas-fired combustion turbine power generation plant in Morrow County, Oregon. The proposed power plant would have two combustion turbines that would generate 440 average megawatts (aMW) of energy when completed. The proposed plant would be built in phases. The first combustion turbine would be built as quickly as possible. Timing for the second combustion turbine is uncertain. As a Federal agency subject to the Nation Environ- mental Policy Act, BPA must complete a review of environmental impacts before it makes a

210

Electric co-generation units equipped with wood gasifier and Stirling engine  

SciTech Connect

The disposal of industrial waste such as oil sludges, waste plastic, lubricant oils, paper and wood poses serious problems due to the ever increasing amount of material to be disposed of and to the difficulty in finding new dumping sites. The interest in energy recovery technologies is accordingly on the increase. In particular, large amounts of waste wood are simply burned or thrown away causing considerable environmental damage. In this context the co-generation technique represents one of the possible solutions for efficient energy conversion. The present paper proposes the employment of a Stirling engine as prime mover in a co-generation set equipped with a wood gasifier. A Stirling engine prototype previously developed in a joint project with Mase Generators, an Italian manufacturer of fixed and portable electrogenerators, is illustrated and its design is described.

Bartolini, C.M.; Caresana, F.; Pelagalli, L.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Energy Value vs. Energy Cost: A Fundamental Concept of Economics Applied to Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

known as MESA (Modular Energy System Analyzer).* CONCLUSIONS Economic cogeneration by any reasonable def ini tion is a desirable practice. The effective application of principles and concepts that lead to minimum expenditure of resources... been very accurately calculated by the use of MESA. The value of the shaft power has been estab lished by the alternative option of pur chased elec tr ical energy at a known incremental cost. These examples do not aPl?ly universally to all steam...

Viar, W. L.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

$18.7 Million Paid From Savings Variable Load Mechanical Cogeneration Project at Louisiana State University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

traditional gas turbine applications in that most available have been channeled into new buildings. In electrical cogeneration jobs run "flat out" all the time. the mid-1980's it became apparent !.hat unless some A distinctive feature of this project.... The overall objective of this project was to generate chilled water To help remedy this situation, a state law was and steam as efficiently as possible within the demand passed in Louisiana in 1987 allowing for energy parameters of the campus, and provide...

Leach, M. D.; Colburn, B. K.

213

An experimental investigation of CI engine operated micro-cogeneration system for power and space cooling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper describes the performance and emission characteristics of a micro cogeneration system based on a single cylinder diesel engine. In this cogeneration system, in addition to the electricity generated from the genset, waste heat from hot exhaust gas of diesel engine was used to drive a combination of four units of Electrolux vapor absorption (VA) system for space cooling. The capacity and heat input of each unit of VA system was 51 l and 95 W respectively. A cabin of 900 mm width, 1500 mm length and 1800 mm height made of ply wood was fabricated as a space for air conditioning. A temperature drop of 5 °C was obtained in cabin at full engine load about 6 h after system start up. The reduction of CO2 emission in kg per kWh of useful energy output was 19.49% compared to that of single generation (power generation only) at full load. The decrease in specific fuel consumption in case of cogeneration compared to that in single generation was 2.95% at full load. The test results show that micro capacity (3.7 kW) stationary single cylinder diesel engine can be successfully modified to simultaneously produce power and space cooling.

Rahul Goyal; Dilip Sharma; S.L. Soni; Pradeep Kumar Gupta; Dheeraj Johar

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Feasibility study of wood-fired cogeneration at a Wood Products Industrial Park, Belington, WV. Phase II  

SciTech Connect

Customarily, electricity is generated in a utility power plant while thermal energy is generated in a heating/cooling plant; the electricity produced at the power plant is transmitted to the heating/cooling plant to power equipments. These two separate systems waste vast amounts of heat and result in individual efficiencies of about 35%. Cogeneration is the sequential production of power (electrical or mechanical) and thermal energy (process steam, hot/chilled water) from a single power source; the reject heat of one process issued as input into the subsequent process. Cogeneration increases the efficiency of these stand-alone systems by producing these two products sequentially at one location using a small additional amount of fuel, rendering the system efficiency greater than 70%. This report discusses cogeneration technologies as applied to wood fuel fired system.

Vasenda, S.K.; Hassler, C.C.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Assessment of the Technical Potential for Micro-Cogeneration in Small Commerical Buildings across the United States: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an assessment of the technical potential for micro-cogeneration in small commercial buildings throughout the United States. The cogeneration devices are simulated with the computer program EnergyPlus using models developed by Annex 42, a working group of the International Energy Agency's Energy Efficiency in Buildings and Community Systems (IEA/ECBCS). Although the Annex 42 models were developed for residential applications, this study applies them to small commercial buildings, assumed to have a total floor area of 500 m2 or less. The potential for micro-cogeneration is examined for the entire existing stock of small U.S. commercial buildings using a bottom-up method based on 1,236 EnergyPlus models.

Griffith, B.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

DOE/EA-1605: Environmental Assessment for Biomass Cogeneration and Heating Facilities at the Savannah River Site (August 2008)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

605 605 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR BIOMASS COGENERATION AND HEATING FACILITIES AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE AUGUST 2008 U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY SAVANNAH RIVER OPERATIONS OFFICE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE DOE/EA-1605 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR BIOMASS COGENERATION AND HEATING FACILITIES AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE AUGUST 2008 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY SAVANNAH RIVER OPERATIONS OFFICE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE This page intentionally left blank - i - TABLE OF CONTENTS Page 1.0 INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................1 1.1 Background and Proposed Action ...............................................................1 1.2 Purpose and Need ........................................................................................4

217

Cogeneration and Small Power Production Quarterly Report to the California Public Utilities Commission First Quarter 1984  

SciTech Connect

At the end of the First Quarter of 1984, the number of signed contracts and letter agreements for cogeneration and small power production projects was 322, with a total estimated nominal capacity of 2,643 MW. Of these totals, 215 projects, capable of producing 640 MW, are operational. A map indicating the location of operational facilities under contract with PG and E is provided. Developers of cogeneration, solid waste, or biomass projects had signed 110 contracts with a potential of 1,467 MW. In total, 114 contracts and letter agreements had been signed with projects capable of producing 1,508 MW. PG and E also had under active discussion 35 cogeneration projects that could generate a total of 425 MW to 467 MW, and 11 solid waste or biomass projects with a potential of 94 MW to 114 MW. One contract had been signed for a geothermal project, capable of producing 80 MW. There were 7 solar projects with signed contracts and a potential of 37 MW, as well as 5 solar projects under active discussion for 31 MW. Wind farm projects under contract numbered 32, with a generating capability of 848 MW. Also, discussions were being conducted with 18 wind farm projects, totaling 490 MW. There were 101 wind projects of 100 kW or less with signed contracts and a potential of 1 MW, as well as 6 other small wind projects under active discussion. There were 64 hydroelectric projects with signed contracts and a potential of 148 MW, as well as 75 projects under active discussion for 316 MW. In addition, there were 31 hydroelectric projects, with a nominal capacity of 187 MW, that Pg and E was planning to construct.

None

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Cogeneration and Small Power Production Quarterly Report to the California Public Utilities Commission Fourth Quarter 1983  

SciTech Connect

At the end of 1983, the number of signed contracts and letter agreements for cogeneration and small power production projects was 305, with a total estimated nominal capacity of 2,389 MW. Of these totals, 202 projects, capable of producing 566 MW, are operational (Table A). A map indicating the location of operational facilities under contract with PG and E is provided as Figure A. Developers of cogeneration, solid waste, or biomass projects had signed 101 contracts with a potential of 1,408 MW. In total, 106 contracts and letter agreements had been signed with projects capable of producing 1,479 MW. PG and E also had under active discussion 29 cogeneration projects that could generate a total of 402 MW to 444 MW, and 13 solid waste or biomass projects with a potential of 84 MW to 89 MW. One contract had been signed for a geothermal project, capable of producing 80 MW. There were 7 solar projects with signed contracts and a potential of 37 MW, as well as 3 solar projects under active discussion for 31 MW. Wind farm projects under contract numbered 28, with a generating capability of 618 MW. Also, discussions were being conducted with 14 wind farm projects, totaling 365 MW. There were 100 wind projects of 100 kW or less with signed contracts and a potential of 1 MW, as well as 8 other small wind projects under active discussion. There were 59 hydroelectric projects with signed contracts and a potential of 146 MW, as well as 72 projects under active discussion for 169 MW. In addition, there were 31 hydroelectric projects, with a nominal capacity of 185 MW, that PG and E was planning to construct. Table B displays the above information. In tabular form, in Appendix A, are status reports of the projects as of December 31, 1983.

None

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Advanced cogeneration and absorption chillers potential for service to Navy bases. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The US military uses millions of Btu`s of thermal energy to heat, cool and deliver process thermal energy to buildings on military bases, much of which is transmitted through a pipeline system incorporating thousands of miles of pipe. Much of this pipeline system is in disrepair and is nearing the end of its useful life, and the boilers which supply it are old and often inefficient. In 1993, Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) proposed to SERDP a three-year effort to develop advanced systems of coupled diesel cogenerators and absorption chillers which would be particularly useful in providing a continuation of the services now provided by increasingly antiquated district systems. In mid-February, 1995, BNL learned that all subsequent funding for our program had been canceled. BNL staff continued to develop the Program Plan and to adhere to the requirements of the Execution Plan, but began to look for ways in which the work could be made relevant to Navy and DoD energy needs even without the extensive development plan formerly envisioned. The entire program was therefore re-oriented to look for ways in which small scale cogeneration and absorption chilling technologies, available through procurement rather than development, could provide some solutions to the problem of deteriorated district heating systems. The result is, we believe, a striking new approach to the provision of building services on military bases: in many cases, serious study should be made of the possibility that the old district heating system should be removed or abandoned, and small-scale cogenerators and absorption chillers should be installed in each building. In the remainder of this Summary, we develop the rationale behind this concept and summarize our findings concerning the conditions under which this course of action would be advisable and the economic benefits which will accrue if it is followed. The details are developed in the succeeding sections of the report.

Andrews, J.W.; Butcher, T.A.; Leigh, R.W.; McDonald, R.J.; Pierce, B.L.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Project financing for cogeneration and other large-scale energy efficient improvements  

SciTech Connect

Financing for the installation of cogeneration systems is outlined. A feasibility study must consider completion risks, operating risks, marketing risks, management risks, political/regulatory risks, and financing risks--all of which are specified. After the risks are allocated, the question becomes, ''Where will the capital come from.'' Limited or non-recourse ''project financing'' is considered. Transfer of tax benefits through leasing, third party ownership, and insurance are also discussed. As the cost for arranging project financing is high (it can amount to several hundred thousand dollars), a project should be several million dollars in size to justify the incurred expense.

Weinress, J.B.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ipt sri cogeneration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Design and Economic Evaluation of Thermionic Cogeneration in a Chlorine-Caustic Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-callsti~ plant with therm ion ie Cl)gf~neration. Thermion i.e combustors replace the exi.sting hllrners of the boilers uSI!d to raise stp.am for th(~ evaporators, Rnd are capable of generating approximately 2.6 MW of de power. This satisfies about 5 percent... BURNER BOILER AUX I ..> BUS AND SWITCH GEAR THERMIONIC COMBUSTOR CELL f--- ROOM TO EVAPORATORS BOILER F==:> Figure 1. Block Diagram of Cogeneration System D STANDBY CELL ROOMS EVAPORATORS THEAMtOMC MODULES Figure 2. Schematic Layout...

Miskolezy, G.; Morgan, D.; Turner, R.

222

Cogeneration and Small Power Production Quarterly Report to the California Public Utilities Commission. Second Quarter 1984  

SciTech Connect

At the end of the Second Quarter of 1984, the number of signed contracts and letter agreements for cogeneration and small power production projects was 334, with total estimated nominal capacity of 2,876 MW. Of these totals, 232 projects, capable of producing 678 MW, are operational (Table A). A map indicating the location of operational facilities under contract with PG and E is provided as Figure A. Developers of cogeneration projects had signed 80 contracts with a potential of 1,161 MW. Thirty-three contracts had been signed for solid waste/biomass projects for a total of 298 MW. In total, 118 contracts and letter agreements had been signed with cogeneration, solid waste, and biomass projects capable of producing 1,545 MW. PG and E also had under active discussion 46 cogeneration projects that could generate a total of 688 MW to 770 MW, and 13 solid waste or biomass projects with a potential of 119 MW to 139 MW. One contract had been signed for a geothermal project, capable of producing 80 MW. Two geothermal projects were under active discussion for a total of 2 MW. There were 8 solar projects with signed contracts and a potential of 37 MW, as well as 4 solar projects under active discussion for 31 MW. Wind farm projects under contract numbered 34, with a generating capability of 1,042 MW, Also, discussions were being conducted with 23 wind farm projects, totaling 597 MW. There were 100 wind projects of 100 kW or less with signed contracts and a potential of 1 MW, as well as 7 other small wind projects under active discussion. There were 71 hydroelectric projects with signed contracts and a potential of 151 MW, as well as 76 projects under active discussion for 505 MW. In addition, there were 18 hydroelectric projects, with a nominal capacity of 193 MW, that PG and E was planning to construct. Table B displays the above information. Appendix A displays in tabular form the status reports of the projects as of June 30, 1984.

None

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Improving the Thermal Output Availability of Reciprocating Engine Cogeneration Systems by Mechanical Vapor Compression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LOW?PRESSURE I WASTE STEAM r ... IMPROVING THE THERMAL OUTPUT AVAILABILITY OF RECIPROCATING ENGINE COGENERATION SYSTEMS BY MECHANICAL VAPOR COMPRESSION F.E. Becker and F.A. DiBella Tecogen, Inc., a Subsidiary of Thermo El~ctron Corporation...-user with electric power and process heat that is totally in the form of high-pressure steam. Current recipro cating engine systems can now provide only low pressure steam or hot water from the engine jacket, and this often is not needed or not the most appro...

Becker, F. E.; DiBella, F. A.; Lamphere, F.

224

Gas-fueled cogeneration for supermarkets. Phase 1 final report, March-December 1984  

SciTech Connect

Supermarkets offer a unique application for a packaged cogeneration system because of the large and continuous need for shaft power to drive refrigeration compressors. Waste heat from the engine can be used efficiently to drive an absorption chiller for additional refrigeration capacity, and to provide space and water heating. In Phase I of this project, such a system was designed and analyzed. The analysis first considered several alternate configurations. Based on these results, the optimized system was then considered for five different geographic locations. In general it was found that a payback of three years or less could be achieved.

Walker, D.H.; Krepchin, I.P.; Poulin, E.C.; Demler, R.L.; Hynek, S.J.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

250 MW single train CFB cogeneration facility. Annual report, October 1993--September 1994  

SciTech Connect

This Technical Progress Report (Draft) is submitted pursuant to the Terms and Conditions of Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC21-90MC27403 between the Department of Energy (Morgantown Energy Technology Center) and York County Energy Partners, L.P. a wholly owned project company of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. covering the period from January 1994 to the present for the York County Energy Partners CFB Cogeneration Project. The Technical Progress Report summarizes the work performed during the most recent year of the Cooperative Agreement including technical and scientific results.

NONE

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Technical and economic analysis of different cogeneration systems for energy production from biomass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper compares the results of a techno-economic performance analysis of seven plants for energy production from biomass with the aim of identifying the most effective solution. Small (?250 KWe) and micro (?100 KWe) size plants were investigated: 50 kWe diesel internal combustion engine coupled with a gasifier and 35 kWe Stirling engine coupled with a gasifier with an overall efficiency of 41.1% and 87.5% respectively, two biomass cogenerators, one of 25 kWe and the other of 100 kWe, 250 kWe Otto internal combustion engine coupled with a gasifier and 250 kWe diesel internal combustion engine coupled with a gasifier and 238 kWe biomass ORC plant. The technical analysis provided calculations for specific biomass consumption, electricity generation, heat produced and overall system efficiency. The economic evaluation was carried on through a discounted cash flow analysis. Data were provided by literature, analysis of case study at Italian and European level, and directly by the manufacturers of cogeneration systems. The results showed that a combined heat and power (CHP) generator is the best solution because it is economically viable with a high NPV and a PBP of five years and also technically performing with a global efficiency of 78.2% and a low biomass consumption.

Giancarlo Giacchetta; Mariella Leporini; Barbara Marchetti

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Performance investigation of a cogeneration plant with the efficient and compact heat recovery system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the performance investigation of a cogeneration plant equipped with an efficient waste heat recovery system. The proposed cogeneration system produces four types of useful energy namely: (i) electricity (ii) steam (iii) cooling and (iv) dehumidification. The proposed plant comprises a Capstone C30 micro-turbine which generates 24 kW of electricity a compact and efficient waste heat recovery system and a host of waste heat activated devices namely (i) a steam generator (ii) an absorption chiller (iii) an adsorption chiller and (iv) a multi-bed desiccant dehumidifier. The numerical analysis for the host of waste heat recovery system and thermally activated devices using FORTRAN power station linked to powerful IMSL library is performed to investigate the performance of the overall system. A set of experiments both part load and full load of micro-turbine is conducted to examine the electricity generation and the exhaust gas temperature. It is observed that energy utilization factor (EUF) could achieve as high as 70% while Fuel Energy Saving Ratio (FESR) is found to be 28%.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

JV 38-APPLICATION OF COFIRING AND COGENERATION FOR SOUTH DAKOTA SOYBEAN PROCESSORS  

SciTech Connect

Cogeneration of heat and electricity is being considered by the South Dakota Soybean Processors for its facility in Volga, South Dakota, and a new facility to be located in Brewster, Minnesota. The Energy & Environmental Research Center has completed a feasibility study, with 40% funding provided from the U.S. Department of Energy's Jointly Sponsored Research Program to determine the potential application of firing biomass fuels combined with coal and comparative economics of natural gas-fired turbines. Various biomass fuels are available at each location. The most promising options based on availability are as follows. The economic impact of firing 25% biomass with coal can increase return on investment by 0.5 to 1.5 years when compared to firing natural gas. The results of the comparative economics suggest that a fluidized-bed cogeneration system will have the best economic performance. Installation for the Brewster site is recommended based on natural gas prices not dropping below a $4.00/MMBtu annual average delivered cost. Installation at the Volga site is only recommended if natural gas prices substantially increase to $5.00/MMBtu on average. A 1- to 2-year time frame will be needed for permitting and equipment procurement.

Darren D. Schmidt

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Economic analysis of coal-fired cogeneration plants for Air Force bases  

SciTech Connect

The Defense Appropriations Act of 1986 requires the Department of Defense to use an additional 1,600,000 tons/year of coal at their US facilities by 1995 and also states that the most economical fuel should be used at each facility. In a previous study of Air Force heating plants burning gas or oil, Oak Ridge National Laboratory found that only a small fraction of this target 1,600,000 tons/year could be achieved by converting the plants where coal is economically viable. To identify projects that would use greater amounts of coal, the economic benefits of installing coal-fired cogeneration plants at 7 candidate Air Force bases were examined in this study. A life-cycle cost analysis was performed that included two types of financing (Air Force and private) and three levels of energy escalation for a total of six economic scenarios. Hill, McGuire, and Plattsburgh Air Force Bases were identified as the facilities with the best potential for coal-fired cogeneration, but the actual cost savings will depend strongly on how the projects are financed and to a lesser extent on future energy escalation rates. 10 refs., 11 figs., 27 tabs.

Holcomb, R.S.; Griffin, F.P.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Sycamore Cogeneration Company Box 80598, Bakersfield, CA 93380 (661) 615-4630 Neil E. Burgess, Executive Director  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Kern County, California. The facility consists of four (4) 75 MW (nominal) natural-gas fired General of the combustion gas turbine units at Sycamore Cogeneration Company in an extended startup mode. The petition Electric Frame 7EA combustion turbines equipped with enhanced Dry Low NOx (DLN1 +) combustors, four (4

231

High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Program. Modular HTGR systems design and cost summary. [Methane reforming; steam cycle-cogeneration  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a summary description of the preconceptual design and energy product costs of the modular High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (HTGR). The reactor system was studied for two applications: (1) reforming of methane to produce synthesis gas and (2) steam cycle/cogeneration to produce process steam and electricity.

Not Available

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Simulation of the SRI International test Gun-27 using the PAGOSA code  

SciTech Connect

SRI International conducted a set of impact tests with flat disks hitting water-filled chemical submunitions. One of these tests, called Gun-27, involved a 595 gram disk hitting the side of a submunition at 200 m/s. This test was simulated using the PAGOSA code with a materials model that was a good overall match to the data, and with a sequence of five mesh sizes. It was found that when a mesh was used which had at least five cells across the wall of the submunition, PAGOSA was able to provide reasonably satisfactory agreement with the test results, except for the partial fracture of a welded joint. One feature of the test that was reproduced very well by the simulation that used the finest mesh was the fracture of the diaphragm around its edge. Results are compared for all five simulations so that trends can be seen.

Jacoby, J.J.

1997-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

233

International technology transfer and its impact on innovation enhancement for firms based in Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents research findings from industrial firms based in Sri Lanka who need to acquire new technologies from the external environment in order to compete and upgrade their innovation capabilities. We analyse some of the key challenges faced by the recipients of knowledge in international technology transfer projects from the perspective of technology receiver firms based in a developing country. Through this technology transfer process the receiver firms attempt to utilise knowledge, from the technology senders based in advanced countries, in order to help them upgrade their innovation capabilities. This upgrading process involves overcoming some challenges related to training provision, human resources, language barriers, complexity of transfer process, and recipient's lack of absorptive capacity. We present a number of important managerial implications, especially relevant for technology receivers in developing countries.

Khaleel Malik; Vathsala Wickramasinghe

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Municipal solid waste management in the Southern Province of Sri Lanka: Problems, issues and challenges  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the problems, issues and challenges faced by Sri Lanka based on the outcome of a recent study conducted in the country's Southern Province. The study consists of a public survey, discussions with local authority staff involved in waste management, discussions with Provincial Council and Government officials, dialogue with local politicians, review of documents and field observations. The study revealed that only 24% of the households have access to waste collection and that in rural areas it was less than 2%. A substantial number of households in areas without waste collection expect local authorities to collect their waste. The study also showed that most sites in the province are under capacity to handle any increased demand. Urgent and immediate improvement of the waste disposal sites is necessary to meet the current demand for improved waste collection. The study also revealed that there is a high willingness of people for home composting.

Vidanaarachchi, Chandana K. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Vic. 3010 (Australia)]. E-mail: c.vidanaarachchi@civenv.unimelb.edu.au; Yuen, Samuel T.S. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Vic. 3010 (Australia); Pilapitiya, Sumith [World Bank (Colombo Office), P.O. Box 1761, Colombo 3 (Sri Lanka)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Corporate social responsibility reporting: a survey of listed Sri Lankan companies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper aims to collect and document evidence on the corporate social responsibility reporting practices in Sri Lanka. Data is gathered from public reports and questionnaires. A content analysis and a comparison between adopters and non-adopter on selected profitability aspects and company size are carried out. The level of the CSR reporting is not satisfactory while large firms tend to engage in CSR than other firms. The adopters are significantly different from the non-adopters with respect to return on total assets, return on equity, MCAP and revenue but not with respect to profit for the year, EPS and total assets. General perception of the CEOs is supportive for the CSR engagement.

A.A.J. Fernando; I.M. Pandey

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Feasibility Study on the Use of a Solar Thermoelectric Cogenerator Comprising a Thermoelectric Module and Evacuated Tubular Collector with Parabolic Trough Concentrator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have designed a new solar thermoelectric cogeneration system consisting of an evacuated tubular solar collector (ETSC) with a parabolic trough concentrator (PTC) and thermoelectric modules (TEMs) to supply ...

L. Miao; M. Zhang; S. Tanemura; T. Tanaka; Y. P. Kang…

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Development status of coal-fired gas heaters for Brayton-cycle cogeneration systems  

SciTech Connect

Under contract from the Department of Energy, Rocketdyne is developing the technology of coal-fired gas heaters for utilization in Brayton-cycle cogeneration systems. The program encompasses both atmospheric fluidized bed and pulverized coal combustion systems; and it is directed toward the development of gas heater systems capable of delivering high pressure air or helium at 1550 F, when employing metallic heat exchangers, and 1750 F, when employing ceramic heat exchangers. This paper reports on the development status of the program, with discussions of the completed ''screening'' corrosion/erosion tests of candidate heat exchanger materials, a description and summary of the operating experience with the 6- by 6-foot AFB test facility and a projection of the potential for relatively near term commercialization of such heater systems.

Gunn, S.V.; McCarthy, J.R.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Thermoeconomic optimization of sensible heat thermal storage for cogenerated waste-to-energy recovery  

SciTech Connect

This paper investigates the feasibility of employing thermal storage for cogenerated waste-to-energy recovery such as using mass-burning water-wall incinerators and topping steam turbines. Sensible thermal storage is considered in rectangular cross-sectioned channels through which is passed unused process steam at 1,307 kPa/250 C (175 psig/482 F) during the storage period and feedwater at 1,307 kPa/102 C (175 psig/216 F) during the recovery period. In determining the optimum storage configuration, it is found that the economic feasibility is a function of mass and specific heat of the material and surface area of the channel as well as cost of material and fabrication. Economic considerations included typical cash flows of capital charges, energy revenues, operation and maintenance, and income taxes. Cast concrete is determined to be a potentially attractive storage medium.

Abdul-Razzak, H.A. [Texas A and M Univ., Kingsville, TX (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering; Porter, R.W. [Illinois Inst. of Tech., chicago, IL (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Energy, environmental, health and cost benefits of cogeneration from fossil fuels and nuclear energy using the electrical utility facilities of a province  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method is investigated for increasing the utilization efficiency of energy resources and reducing environmental emissions, focusing on utility-scale cogeneration and the contributions of nuclear energy. A case study is presented for Ontario using the nuclear and fossil facilities of the main provincial electrical utility. Implementation of utility-based cogeneration in Ontario or a region with a similar energy system and attributes is seen to be able to reduce significantly annual and cumulative uranium and fossil fuel use and related emissions, provide economic benefits for the province and its electrical utility, and substitute nuclear energy for fossil fuels. The reduced emissions of greenhouse gases are significant, and indicate that utility-based cogeneration can contribute notably to efforts to combat climate change. Ontario and other regions with similar energy systems and characteristics would benefit from working with the regional electrical utilities and other relevant parties to implementing cogeneration in a careful and optimal manner. Implementation decisions need to balance the interests of the stakeholders when determining which cogeneration options to adopt and barriers to regional utility-based cogeneration need to be overcome.

Marc A. Rosen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Cogeneration and Small Power Production Quarterly Report to the California Public Utilities Commission Second Quarter 1983  

SciTech Connect

In the Second Quarter of 1983, the number of signed contracts and committed projects rose from 223 to 240, with a total estimated nominal capacity of these projects of 1,449 MW. Of this nominal capacity, about 361 MW is operational, and the balance is under contract for development. A map indicating the location of currently operating facilities is provided as Figure A. Of the 240 signed contracts and committed projects, 75 were cogeneration, solid waste, or biomass projects with a potential of 740 MW. PG and E also had under active discussion 32 cogeneration projects that could generate a total of 858 MW to 921 MW, and 10 solid waste/biomass projects with a potential of 113 MW to 121 MW. Two contracts have been signed with geothermal projects, capable of producing 83 MW. There are 6 solar projects with signed contracts and a potential of 36 MW, as well as another solar project under active discussion for 30 MW. Wind farm projects under contract number 19, with a generating capability of 471 MW. Also, discussions are being conducted with 12 wind farm projects, totaling 273 to 278 MW. There are 89 wind projects of 100 kW or less with signed contracts and a potential of almost 1 MW, as well as 10 other projects under active discussion. There are 47 hydroelectric projects with signed contracts and a potential of 110 MW, as well as 65 projects under active discussion for 175 MW. In addition, there are 30 hydroelectric projects, with a nominal capacity of 291 MW, that PG and E is constructing or planning to construct. Table A displays the above information. In tabular form, in Appendix A, are status reports of the projects as of June 30, 1983.

None

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ipt sri cogeneration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Cogeneration and Small Power Production Quarterly Report to the California Public Utilities Commission Third Quarter 1983  

SciTech Connect

In the Third Quarter of 1983, the number of signed contracts and committed projects rose from 240 to 258, with a total estimated nominal capacity of these projects of 1,547 MW. Of this nominal capacity, about 416 MW is operational, and the balance is under contract for development. A map indicating the location of operational facilities under contract with PG and E is provided. Of the 258 signed contracts and committed projects, 83 were cogeneration, solid waste, or biomass projects with a potential of 779 MW. PG and E also had under active discussion 38 cogeneration projects that could generate a total of 797 MW to 848 MW, and 19 solid waste/biomass projects with a potential of 152 MW to 159 MW. Two contracts have been signed with geothermal projects, capable of producing 83 MW. There are 6 solar projects with signed contracts and a potential of 36 MW, as well as 3 solar projects under active discussion for 31 MW. Wind farm projects under contract number 21, with a generating capability of 528 MW. Also, discussions are being conducted with 17 wind farm projects, totaling 257 to 262 MW. There are 94 wind projects of 100 kW or less with signed contracts and a potential of almost 1 MW, as well as 8 other small wind projects under active discussion. There are 50 hydroelectric projects with signed contracts and a potential of 112 MW, as well as 67 projects under active discussion for 175 MW. In addition, there are 31 hydroelectric projects, with a nominal capacity of 185 MW, that PG and E is planning to construct.

None

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Eco-operation of co-generation systems optimized by environmental load value  

SciTech Connect

In this paper the authors introduce a life cycle assessment scheme with the aid of the environmental load value (ELV) as a numerical measure to estimate the quantitative load of any industrial activity on the environment. The value is calculated from the total summation of the respective environmental load indexes through the life cycle activity from cradle to grave. An algorithm and a software using a combined simplex and branch-bound technique are accomplished to give the numerical ELV and its optimization. This ELV scheme is applied to co-generation energy systems consisting of gas turbines, waste-heat boilers, auxiliary boilers, steam turbines, electricity operated turbo refrigerators, steam absorption refrigerators and heat exchangers, which can be easily set up on the computer display in an ICON and Q and A style, including various kinds of parameters. The two kinds of environmental loads respecting the fossil fuel depletion and the CO{sub 2} global warming due to electricity generation from power stations in Japan are chosen as the ELV criterion. The ELV optimization is calculated corresponding to the hourly energy demands for electricity, air cooling, air heating, and hot water from a district consisting eight office buildings and four hotels. As a result, the ELV scheme constructed here is found to be an attractive and powerful tool to quantitatively estimate the LCA environmental loads of any industrial activity like co-generation energy systems and to propose the eco-operation of the industrial activity of interest. The cost estimation can be made as well.

Kato, Seizo; Nomura, Nobukazu; Maruyama, Naoki

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

York County Energy Partners CFB Cogeneration Project. Annual report, [September 30, 1992--September 30, 1993  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy, under the Clean Coal Technology program, proposes to provide cost-shared financial assistance for the construction of a utility-scale circulating fluidized bed technology cogeneration facility by York County Energy Partners, L.P (YCEP). YCEP, a project company of ir Products and Chemicals, Inc., would design, construct and operate a 250 megawatt (gross) coal-fired cogeneration facility on a 38-acre parcel in North Codorus Township, York County, Pennsylvania. The facility would be located adjacent to the P. H. Glatfelter Company paper mill, the proposed steam host. Electricity would be delivered to Metropolitan Edison Company. The facility would demonstrate new technology designed to greatly increase energy efficiency and reduce air pollutant emissions over current generally available commercial technology which utilizes coal fuel. The facility would include a single train circulating fluidized bed boiler, a pollution control train consisting of limestone injection for reducing emissions of sulfur dioxide by greater than 92 percent, selective non-catalytic reduction for reducing emissions of nitrogen oxides, and a fabric filter (baghouse) for reducing emissions of particulates. Section II of this report provides a general description of the facility. Section III describes the site specifics associated with the facility when it was proposed to be located in West Manchester Township. After the Cooperative Agreement was signed, YCEP decided to move the proposed site to North Codorus Township. The reasons for the move and the site specifics of that site are detailed in Section IV. This section of the report also provides detailed descriptions of several key pieces of equipment. The circulating fluidized bed boiler (CFB), its design scale-up and testing is given particular emphasis.

Not Available

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Relationships between characteristics of contact farmers and follower farmers in the training and visit system of agricultural extension: Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a person's attractiveness he may be avoided (Lerner and Agar, 1972; Novok and Lerner, 1968). Certain conditions under which s1milar others are sought for aff1liations in experimental settings have been reported by Miller and Suls (1977). According... EXTENSION: SRI LANKA A Thesis by MALWATTAGE WIJAYA A. P. JAYATILAKA Approved as to style and content by: airman of Comm' e Member M c. ~ Mem er He of Oepartment May 1982 ABSTRACT Relationsh1ps Between Characteristics of Contact Farmers...

Jayatilaka, Malwattage Wijaya A. P.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Bridgman Growth of Large SrI2:Eu2+ Single Crystals: A High-performance Scintillator for Radiation Detection Applications  

SciTech Connect

Single-crystal strontium iodide (SrI2) doped with relatively high levels (e.g., 3 - 6 %) of Eu2+ exhibits characteristics that make this material superior, in a number of respects, to other scintillators that are currently used for radiation detection. Specifically, SrI2:Eu2+ has a light yield that is significantly higher than LaBr3:Ce3+ -a currently employed commercial high-performance scintillator. Additionally, SrI2:Eu2+ is characterized by an energy resolution as high as 2.6% at the 137Cs gamma-ray energy of 662 keV, and there is no radioactive component in SrI2:Eu2+ - unlike LaBr3:Ce3+ that contains 138La. The Ce3+-doped LaBr3 decay time is, however, faster (30 nsec) than the 1.2 sec decay time of SrI2:Eu2+. Due to the relatively low melting point of strontium iodide (~515 oC), crystal growth can be carried out in quartz crucibles by the vertical Bridgman technique. Materials-processing and crystal-growth techniques that are specific to the Bridgman growth of europium-doped strontium iodide scintillators are described here. These techniques include the use of a porous quartz frit to physically filter the molten salt from a quartz antechamber into the Bridgman growth crucible and the use of a bent or bulb grain selector design to suppress multiple grain growth. Single crystals of SrI2:Eu2+ scintillators with good optical quality and scintillation characteristics have been grown in sizes up to 5.0 cm in diameter by applying these techniques. Other aspects of the SrI2:Eu2+ crystal-growth methods and of the still unresolved crystal-growth issues are described here.

Boatner, Lynn A [ORNL; Ramey, Joanne Oxendine [ORNL; Kolopus, James A [ORNL; Hawrami, Rastgo [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Higgins, William [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Van Loef, Edgar [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Glodo, J. [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Shah, Kanai [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Bhattacharya, P. [Fisk University, Nashville, TN; Tupitsyn, E [Fisk University, Nashville, TN; Groza, Michael [Fisk University, Nashville, TN; Burger, Arnold [Fisk University, Nashville, TN

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

A Comprehensive Study on Phytoextractive Potential of Sri Lankan Mustard (Brassica  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—Heavy metal pollution is an environmental concern. Phytoremediation is a low-cost, environmental-friendly approach to solve this problem. Mustard has the potential in reducing heavy metal contents in soils. Among mustard (Brassica juncea (L.) Czern & Coss) genotypes in Sri Lanka, accessions 7788, 8831 and 5088 give significantly a high yield. Therefore, present study was conducted to quantify the phytoextractive potential among these local mustard accessions and to assess the interaction of heavy metals, Pb, Co, Mn on phytoextraction. A pot experiment was designed with acid washed sand (quartz) and a series of heavy metal solutions of 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 µg/g. Experiment was carried out with factorial experimental design. Mustard accessions were tolerant to heavy metals and could be successfully used in removal of Pb, Co and Mn and they are capable of accumulating significant quantities of heavy metals in vegetative and reproductive organs. The order of the accumulative potential of Pb, Co and Mn in mustard accessions is, root> shoot>seed. Keywords—Brassica juncea, heavy metal hyper-accumulation, phytoremediation T I.

Juncea (l. Czern; Coss Genotypes; S. Somaratne; S. R. Weerakoon

247

CTSRDDr Peter G. Neumann (SRI) and Dr Robert N. M. Watson (Cambridge) Jonathan Anderson, Ross Anderson, David Chisnall, Nirav Dave, Brooks Davis, Rance DeLong, Khilan Gudka, Steven Hand, Asif Khan, Myron King, Ben Laurie,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Saidi, Muhammad Shahbaz, Stacey Son, Richard Uhler, Jonathan Woodruff, Bjoern A. Zeeb Approved N. M. Watson Dr Michael Roe Dr Hassen Saidi Mr Rance DeLong Mr Jonathan Woodruff Mr Stacey Son Adams (DARPA), Rance DeLong (LynuxWorks), Jeremy Epstein (SRI), Hassen Saidi (SRI) Mr Brooks Davis Dr

Neumann, Peter G.

248

Exergy analysis of a cogeneration system through Artificial Neural Network (ANN) method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main objective of this study is to apply the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) method to a cogeneration system, located in Izmir, Turkey, for exergetic evaluation purposes. The data used are based on the actual operational conditions and the results obtained from this system, which was exergetically analysed by the authors. It consists of three turbines with a total capacity of 13 MW, six spray dryers and two heat exchangers. A comparison between the exergy destruction values obtained from exergy analysis calculations and the ANN method is made. Fast ANN (FANN) package (library) has been chosen as an ANN application to implement into the C+ + code named CogeNNExT, which has been written and developed by the authors. From the single output of the ANN (FANN) results, the main exergy destruction rate with 60.96 MW in the exergetic analysis is found to be 61.001 MW with an error of 0.075%. From the two outputs of another ANN result, the mean input and output exergy values are found with errors of 0.438% and 2.211%, respectively.

Yilmaz Yoru; T. Hikmet Karakoc; Arif Hepbasli

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Engineering/design of a co-generation waste-to-energy facility  

SciTech Connect

Five hundred fifteen thousand tons of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is being generated every day in America. At present 68% of this trash is dumped into landfill operations. As the amount of garbage is increasing daily, the amount of land reserved for landfills is diminishing rapidly. With the sentiment of the public that you produce it, you keep it, the import-export of waste between the counties and states for the landfills, no longer appears to be feasible, especially when combined with expensive disposal costs. One method of reducing the quantity of waste sent to landfills is through the use of waste-to-energy facilities - the technology of resource recovery - the technology of today INCINERATION. All cogeneration projects are not alike. This paper examines several aspects of the electrical system of a particular municipal solid waste-to-energy project at Charleston, S.C. which includes plant auxiliary loads as well as a utility interconnection through a step-up transformer.

Bajaj, K.S.; Virgilio, R.J. (Foster Wheeler USA Corp., Clinton, NJ (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Steam Cycle/Cogeneration Lead Project strategy plan  

SciTech Connect

The strategy for developing the HTGR system and introducing it into the energy marketplace is based on using the most developed technology path to establish a HTGR-Steam Cycle/Cogeneration (SC/C) Lead Project. Given the status of the HTGR-SC/C technology, a Lead Plant could be completed and operational by the mid 1990s. While there is remaining design and technology development that must be accomplished to fulfill technical and licensing requirements for a Lead Project commitment, the major barriers to the realization a HTGR-SC/C Lead Project are institutional in nature, e.g. Project organization and management, vendor/supplier development, cost/risk sharing between the public and private sector, and Project financing. These problems are further exacerbated by the overall pervading issues of economic and regulatory instability that presently confront the utility and nuclear industries. This document addresses the major institutional issues associated with the HTGR-SC/C Lead Project and provides a starting point for discussions between prospective Lead Project participants toward the realization of such a Project.

None

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Cogeneration of electricity and refrigeration by work-expanding pipeline gas  

SciTech Connect

The process for the cogeneration of electricity and commercially saleable refrigeration by expanding pressurized pipeline gas with the performance of work is described which comprises: injecting methanol into the pipeline gas; passing the pipeline gas containing the methanol through a turbo-expander coupled to an electrical generator to reduce the pressure of the pipeline gas at least 100 psi but not reducing the pressure enough to drop the temperature of the resulting cold expanded gas below about - 100/sup 0/F; separating aqueous methanol condensate from the cold expanded gas and introducing the condensate into a distillation column for separation into discard water and recycle methanol for injection into the pipeline gas; recovering the saleable refrigeration from the cold expanded gas; adding reboiler heat to the distillation column in an amount required to warm the expanded gas after the recovery of the saleable refrigeration therefrom to a predetermined temperature above 32/sup 0/F; and passing the expanded gas after the recovery of the saleable refrigeration therefrom in heat exchange with methanol vapor rising to the top of the distillation column to condense the methanol vapor so that liquid methanol is obtained partly for reflux in the distillation column and partly for the recycle methanol and simultaneously the expanded gas is warmed to the predetermined temperature above 32/sup 0/F.

Markbreiter, S.J.; Dessanti, D.J.

1987-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

252

Cogeneration system with low NO sub x combustion of fuel gas  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a cogeneration system for the production of electricity and refrigeration with low NO{sub x} combustion of fuel gas supplied at a high pressure. It comprises a heat exchanger to heat the fuel gas at high pressure; a turbo-expander connected to receive and expand the heated fuel gas from the heat exchanger; a centrifugal compressor driven by the turbo-expander the compressor being the refrigerant compressor of a refrigeration system; a porous fiber burner connected to receive the expanded fuel gas from the turbo-expander together with the requisite combustion air; a high-pressure steam boiler heated by the combustion of the expanded fuel gas on the outer surface of the porous fiber burner, the boiler being connected to pass the resulting flue gas with low NO{sub x} content through the heat exchanger to heat the fuel gas at high pressure; a steam turbine connected to receive and expand highpressure steam from the boiler and to return expanded and condensed steam to the boiler; and an electric generator driven by the steam turbine.

Garbo, P.W.

1991-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

253

Theoretical study on a novel ammonia–water cogeneration system with adjustable cooling to power ratios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A novel ammonia–water cogeneration system with adjustable cooling to power ratios is proposed and investigated. In the combined system, a modified Kalina subcycle and an ammonia absorption cooling subcycle are interconnected by mixers, splitters, absorbers and heat exchangers. The proposed system can adjust its cooling to power ratios from the separate mode without splitting/mixing processes in the two subcycles to the combined operation modes which can produce different ratios of cooling and power. Simulation analysis is conducted to investigate the effects of operation parameter on system performance. The results indicate that the combined system efficiency can reach the maximum values of 37.79% as SR1 (split ratio 1) is equal to 1. Compared with the separate system, the combined efficiency and COP values of the proposed system can increase by 6.6% and 100% with the same heat input, respectively. In addition, the cooling to power ratios of the proposed system can be adjusted in the range of 1.8–3.6 under the given operating conditions.

Zeting Yu; Jitian Han; Hai Liu; Hongxia Zhao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Energy recovery and cogeneration from an existing municipal incinerator: Phase IIA progress report on final design  

SciTech Connect

A feasibility study was prepared on energy recovery and cogeneration from and existing municipal incinerator in Wayne County, Michigan. The mechanical, electrical, structural, and instruments an controls equipment designs were established in sufficient depth to arrive at a construction cost estimate. The designs are described. All of the flue gas generated from each incinerator is directed into a waste heat boiler that will generate steam. A waste heat boiler will be provided for each of the three incinerators. Steam from these waste heat boilers will supply energy to two turbine-generators, which, in turn, will supply auxiliary power to the incinerator plant; the balance of the power will be sold to Detroit Edison Company (DEC). Exhaust steam from each turbine will be directed into a surface condenser operating under vacuum. The water to be supplied to each condenser will be recirculated water that has been cooled by means of a cooling tower. Other cooling water that could be subjected to oil contamination will be supplied from a separate recirculating water system. The water in this system will be cooled by an evaporative condenser. The main steam, boiler feedwater, and condensate systems will be similar to those used in central power stations. Flow diagrams for all systems, together with heat balances, electrical one-line diagrams, and plant layouts, are included in the Appendix. Also included in the Appendix are instruments and controls logic diagrams. (MCW)

Not Available

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

EARLY ENTRANCE CO-PRODUCTION PLANT - DECENTRALIZED GASIFICATION COGENERATION TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND STEAM FROM AVAILABLE FEEDSTOCKS  

SciTech Connect

Waste Processors Management, Inc. (WMPI), along with its subcontractors Texaco Power & Gasification (now ChevronTexaco), SASOL Technology Ltd., and Nexant Inc. entered into a Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-00NT40693 with the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to assess the technoeconomic viability of building an Early Entrance Co-Production Plant (EECP) in the United States to produce ultra clean Fischer-Tropsch (FT) transportation fuels with either power or steam as the major co-product. The EECP design includes recovery and gasification of low-cost coal waste (culm) from physical coal cleaning operations and will assess blends of the culm with coal or petroleum coke. The project has three phases. Phase I is the concept definition and engineering feasibility study to identify areas of technical, environmental and financial risk. Phase II is an experimental testing program designed to validate the coal waste mixture gasification performance. Phase III updates the original EECP design based on results from Phase II, to prepare a preliminary engineering design package and financial plan for obtaining private funding to build a 5,000 barrel per day (BPD) coal gasification/liquefaction plant next to an existing co-generation plant in Gilberton, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania. The current report covers the period performance from July 1, 2002 through September 30, 2002.

Unknown

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Record of Decision for the Electrical Interconnection of the BP Cherry Point Cogeneration Project (DOE/EIS-0349) (11/10/04)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BP Cherry Poi BP Cherry Poi nt Cogeneration Project DECISION The Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) has decided to implement the proposed action identified in the BP Cherry Point Cogeneration Project Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) (DOE/EIS-0349, August 2004). Under the proposed action, Bonneville will offer contract terms for interconnection of the BP Cherry Point Cogeneration Project (Project) with the Federal Columbia River Transmission System (FCRTS), as requested by BP West Coast Products, LLC (BP) and proposed in the FEIS. The proposed Project involves constructing and operating a new 720-megawatt (MW) natural gas-fired, combined-cycle power generation facility at a 265-acre site adjacent to BP's existing Cherry Point Refinery between Ferndale and

257

Development of a cogenerating thermophotovoltaic powered combination hot water heater/hydronic boiler  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A cogenerating thermophotovoltaic (TPV) device for hot water hydronic space heating and electric power generation was developed designed fabricated and tested under a Department of Energy contracted program. The device utilizes a cylindrical ytterbia superemissive ceramic fiber burner (SCFB) and is designed for a nominal capacity of 80 kBtu/hr. The burner is fired with premixed natural gas and air. Narrow band emission from the SCFB is converted to electricity by single crystal silicon (Si) photovoltaic (PV) arrays arranged concentrically around the burner. A three-way mixing valve is used to direct heated water to either the portable water storage tank radiant baseboard heaters or both. As part of this program QGI developed a microprocessor-based control system to address the safety issues as well as photovoltaic power management. Flame sensing is accomplished via the photovoltaics a technology borrowed from QGI’s Quantum Control™ safety shut-off system. Device testing demonstrated a nominal photovoltaic power output of 200 W. Power consumed during steady state operation was 33 W with power drawn from the combustion air blower hydronic system pump three-way switching valve and the control system resulting in a net power surplus of 142 W. Power drawn during the ignition sequence was 55 W and a battery recharge time of 1 minute 30 seconds was recorded. System efficiency was measured and found to be more than 83%. Pollutant emissions at determined operating conditions were below the South Coast Air Quality Management District’s (California) limit of 40 ng/J for NOx and carbon monoxide emissions were measured at less than 50 dppm.

Aleksandr S. Kushch; Steven M. Skinner; Richard Brennan; Pedro A. Sarmiento

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Batteries and fuel cell research Sri Narayan worked for 20 years at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) where he led the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Batteries and fuel cell research Sri Narayan worked for 20 years at NASA's Jet Propulsion California Los Angeles, CA 90089-1661 The USC Power Research Workshop, November 18, 2011 Batteries and Fuel Laboratory (JPL) where he led the fuel cell research activities for over 15 years and also headed

Levi, Anthony F. J.

259

Cogeneration and Small Power Production Quarterly Report to the California Public Utilities Commission Third Quarter - September 1982  

SciTech Connect

In the Third Quarter of 1982, the number of signed contracts and committed projects rose from 148 to 173, with a total estimated nominal capacity of these projects of 922 MW. Of this nominal capacity, about 168 MW is operational, and the balance is under contract for development. Of the 173 signed contracts and committed projects, 61 were cogeneration and solid waste projects with a potential of 643 MW. PG and E also had under active discussion 28 cogeneration projects that could generate a total of 968 MW to 1,049 MW, and 10 solid waste projects with a potential of 90 MW to 95 MW. Wind projects under contract number 84, with a generating capability of 85 MW. Also, discussions are being conducted with 17 wind projects, totaling 83 MW. There are 23 hydroelectric projects with signed contracts and a potential of 95 MW, as well as 63 projects under active discussion for 169 MW. In addition, there are 25 hydroelectric projects, with a nominal capacity of 278 MW, that PG and E is constructing or planning to construct. Five contracts have been signed with projects, using other types of electric power generation, capable of producing 100 MW.

None

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Demonstration of an on-site PAFC cogeneration system with waste heat utilization by a new gas absorption chiller  

SciTech Connect

Analysis and cost reduction of fuel cells is being promoted to achieve commercial on-site phosphoric acid fuel cells (on-site FC). However, for such cells to be effectively utilized, a cogeneration system designed to use the heat generated must be developed at low cost. Room heating and hot-water supply are the most simple and efficient uses of the waste heat of fuel cells. However, due to the short room-heating period of about 4 months in most areas in Japan, the sites having demand for waste heat of fuel cells throughout the year will be limited to hotels and hospitals Tokyo Gas has therefore been developing an on-site FC and the technology to utilize tile waste heat of fuel cells for room cooling by means of an absorption refrigerator. The paper describes the results of fuel cell cogeneration tests conducted on a double effect gas absorption chiller heater with auxiliary waste heat recovery (WGAR) that Tokyo Gas developed in its Energy Technology Research Laboratory.

Urata, Tatsuo [Tokyo Gas Company, LTD, Tokyo (Japan)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

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261

Dynamic performance estimation of small-scale solar cogeneration with an organic Rankine cycle using a scroll expander  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Small-scale solar thermal cogeneration shows promise as an effective way to get increased benefit out of a given solar availability, since it does not waste potential during summer after the water capacity is heated. In this paper a scroll expander is tested in a small organic Rankine cycle (ORC) and used to calibrate a static expander model. Validation of the scroll expander model shows agreement generally within 10% for the shaft power, 5% for the rotational speed and 6 K for the exhaust temperature, with some outliers at very low pressure ratios. This calibrated model is then incorporated into a larger dynamic model of a solar thermal cogeneration system, designed for some larger dwelling unit or small commercial establishment that requires a larger volume of hot water. An annual simulation is conducted using a collector area of 50 m2, and the scroll expander shows a maximum isentropic efficiency of 59% while the ORC efficiency is 3.47%. The total energy produced is 1710 kWh and the hot water available is on average 2540 L/day. The maximum instantaneous power that can be produced by the system is 676 W, and it is possible to shift the time period that the system is producing power to match the peak demand period by adjusting the solar store volume.

B. Twomey; P.A. Jacobs; H. Gurgenci

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Absorption chiller optimization and integration for cogeneration and engine-chiller systems. Phase 1 - design. Topical report, April 1985-July 1986  

SciTech Connect

A market study indicates a significant market potential for small commercial cogeneration (50-500 kW) over the next 20 years. The potential exists for 1500 installations per year, 80% of those would be a system composed of Engine-Generator and Heat Recovery Unit with the remainder requiring the addition of an Absorption Chiller. A preliminary design for an advanced Heat Recovery Unit (HRU) was completed. The unit incorporates the capability of supplementary firing of the exhaust gas from the new generation of natural gas fired lean burn reciprocating engines being developed for cogeneration applications. This gives the Heat Recovery Unit greater flexibility in following the thermal load requirements of the building. An applications and design criteria analysis indicated that this was a significant feature for the HRU as it can replace a standard auxiliary boiler thus affording significant savings to the building owner. A design for an advanced absorption chiller was reached which is 15% lower in cost yet 9% more efficient than current off-the-shelf units. A packaged cogeneration system cost and design analysis indicates that a nominal 254 kW cogeneration system incorporating advanced components and packaging concepts can achieve a selling price of less than $880/kW and $700/kW with and without an absorption chiller.

Kubasco, A.J.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Allocating resources and products in multi-hybrid multi-cogeneration: What fractions of heat and power are renewable in hybrid fossil-solar CHP?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A general method for the allocation of resources and products in multi-resource/multi-product facilities is developed with particular reference to the important two-resource/two-product case of hybrid fossil & solar/heat & power cogeneration. For a realistic case study, we show how the method allows to assess what fractions of the power and heat should be considered as produced from the solar resource and hence identified as renewable. In the present scenario where the hybridization of fossil power plants by solar-integration is gaining increasing attention, such assessment is of great importance in the fair and balanced development of local energy policies based on granting incentives to renewables resources. The paper extends to the case of two-resource/two-product hybrid cogeneration, as well as to general multi-resource/multi-generation, three of the allocation methods already available for single-resource/two-product cogeneration and for two-resource/single-product hybrid facilities, namely, the ExRR (Exergy-based Reversible-Reference) method, the SRSPR (Single Resource Separate Production Reference) method, and the STALPR (Self-Tuned-Average-Local-Productions-Reference) method. For the case study considered we show that, unless the SRSPR reference efficiencies are constantly updated, the differences between the STALPR and SRSPR methods become important as hybrid and cogeneration plants take up large shares of the local energy production portfolio.

Gian Paolo Beretta; Paolo Iora; Ahmed F. Ghoniem

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Local government guide to the emerging technologies of cogeneration and photovoltaics. Energy technology report of the energy task force of the urban consortium  

SciTech Connect

An overview of cogeneration and photovoltaics systems is presented to provide local government managers a basic understanding of the technologies. Issues and considerations associated with applications are presented. Discussions cover installation and maintenance requirements, equipment availability, costs, and risks/benefits. Data describing demonstration sites and contacts for further information are provided. (MCW)

None

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

EARLY ENTRANCE CO-PRODUCTION PLANT - DECENTRALIZED GASIFICATION COGENERATION TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND STEAM FROM AVAILABLE FEEDSTOCKS  

SciTech Connect

Waste Processors Management, Inc. (WMPI), along with its subcontractors Texaco Power & Gasification (now ChevronTexaco), SASOL Technology Ltd., and Nexant Inc. entered into a Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-00NT40693 with the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to assess the techno-economic viability of building an Early Entrance Co-Production Plant (EECP) in the United States to produce ultra clean Fischer-Tropsch (FT) transportation fuels with either power or steam as the major co-product. The EECP design includes recovery and gasification of low-cost coal waste (culm) from physical coal cleaning operations and will assess blends of the culm with coal or petroleum coke. The project has three phases. Phase I is the concept definition and engineering feasibility study to identify areas of technical, environmental and financial risk. Phase II is an experimental testing program designed to validate the coal waste mixture gasification performance. Phase III updates the original EECP design based on results from Phase II, to prepare a preliminary engineering design package and financial plan for obtaining private funding to build a 5,000 barrel per day (BPD) coal gasification/liquefaction plant next to an existing co-generation plant in Gilberton, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania. The current report covers the period performance from July 1, 2003 through September 30, 2003. The DOE/WMPI Cooperative Agreement was modified on May 2003 to expand the project team to include Shell Global Solutions, U.S. and Uhde GmbH as the engineering contractor. The addition of Shell and Uhde strengthen both the technical capability and financing ability of the project. Uhde, as the prime EPC contractor, has the responsibility to develop a LSTK (lump sum turnkey) engineering design package for the EECP leading to the eventual detailed engineering, construction and operation of the proposed concept. Major technical activities during the reporting period include: (1) finalizing contractual agreements between DOE, Uhde and other technology providers, focusing on intellectual-property-right issues, (2) Uhde's preparation of a LSTK project execution plan and other project engineering procedural documents, and (3) Uhde's preliminary project technical concept assessment and trade-off evaluations.

John W. Rich

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

High performance steam development. Final report, Phase No. 3: 1500{degree}F steam plant for industrial cogeneration prototype development tests  

SciTech Connect

As a key part of DOE`s and industry`s R&D efforts to improve the efficiency, cost, and emissions of power generation, a prototype High Performance Steam System (HPSS) has been designed, built, and demonstrated. The world`s highest temperature ASME Section I coded power plant successfully completed over 100 hours of development tests at 1500{degrees}F and 1500 psig on a 56,000 pound per hour steam generator, control valve and topping turbine at an output power of 5500 hp. This development advances the HPSS to 400{degrees}F higher steam temperature than the current best technology being installed around the world. Higher cycle temperatures produce higher conversion efficiencies and since steam is used to produce the large majority of the world`s power, the authors expect HPSS developments will have a major impact on electric power production and cogeneration in the twenty-first century. Coal fueled steam plants now produce the majority of the United States electric power. Cogeneration and reduced costs and availability of natural gas have now made gas turbines using Heat Recovery Steam Generators (HRSG`s) and combined cycles for cogeneration and power generation the lowest cost producer of electric power in the United States. These gas fueled combined cycles also have major benefits in reducing emissions while reducing the cost of electricity. Development of HPSS technology can significantly improve the efficiency of cogeneration, steam plants, and combined cycles. Figure 2 is a TS diagram that shows the HPSS has twice the energy available from each pound of steam when expanding from 1500{degrees}F and 1500 psia to 165 psia (150 psig, a common cogeneration process steam pressure). This report describes the prototype component and system design, and results of the 100-hour laboratory tests. The next phase of the program consists of building up the steam turbine into a generator set, and installing the power plant at an industrial site for extended operation.

Duffy, T.; Schneider, P.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

The potential of GHG emission savings for programmatic CDM by municipal solid waste composting in the Western Province - Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Western Province (WP) of Sri Lanka, as the most populated province in the country is burdened with a high level of municipal solid waste generation. Out of the 48 administrative local authorities within the WP, only 16 local authorities are practicing municipal solid waste composting. All other local authorities are practicing the most common method of MSW disposal; open dumping. The study was aimed at finding the potential of green house gas emission savings by municipal solid waste composting according to Programmatic Clean Development Mechanism in 32 local authorities of the WP which are not currently practicing MSW composting in order to quantify the certified emission reduction. The daily collection rate of municipal solid waste in the entire WP is around 2,000 tons per day. Biodegradable portion dominates the bulk of municipal solid waste in WP as about 76.30%. There is potential of claiming 231 certified emission reductions annually with regard to MSW composting within the WP.

V.K.D.H. Kariyakarawana; N.J.G.J. Bandara; S. Leelarathne

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Prediction of ungauged river basin for hydropower potential and flood risk mitigation: a case study at Gin River, Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A hydrologic study was performed for ungauged river basin of Sri Lanka to examine synthetic discharge relations. Rainfall-runoff relationships were used for identifying hydrological conditions of the Gin River basin. The peak discharge achieves within 4.74 hours from the onset of the rainstorm and 11.95 hours take to reach its normal discharge conditions. Stream frequency of the Gin River is 4.56 junctions/km² while the channel slope gradient is 7.90 m/km. The regional coefficient of the catchment is 0.00296. Higher stream frequency and gentle channel slope were identified as flood triggering factors of the basin. Mini-hydropower systems were recognised as the most applicable and economical flood controlling hydraulic structures. Also, it can be utilised as a reliable energy source (8,630.0 kW).

A.S. Ratnayake; A. Pitawala

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Impact on energy requirements and emissions of heat pumps and micro-cogenerators participating in demand side management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The potential impacts of participating in demand side management (DSM) on the performance of air source heat pumps (ASHP) and micro-combined heat and power (mCHP) units are considered by this study. As significant consumers and generators of electricity at the distribution level, large numbers of heat pumps and micro-cogenerators would provide considerable scope for participation in DSM systems. However, it is possible that operating regimes which are optimised for grid considerations will not achieve the maximum performance that is possible from the units. Modelling has been conducted to investigate the significance of this effect, considering the case where local distribution constraints are the main driver for demand side interventions. A model of domestic electrical demand has been adapted to consider a neighbourhood of 128 dwellings in order to identify when interventions are necessary. This has been combined with dynamic models of two combustion engine micro-cogenerators, a solid oxide fuel cell micro-cogenerator and two ASHPs. A simple thermal model of each building is combined with a range of user preferences in order to determine the preferred operating profiles of the heating units. The DSM scheme analysed here is likely to have minimal impact on the emissions and energy requirements associated with each heating unit. Its effect is similar to that which occurs without DSM if the control system gain is relaxed such that equivalent thermal comfort is achieved. DSM can reduce the peak electrical demand of the neighbourhood. However, in the scenarios investigated, it is unlikely that the peaks can be reduced sufficiently such that they do not exceed the capacity of the local distribution transformer if \\{ASHPs\\} are used in all dwellings. By using a combination of mCHP units with ASHPs, it is possible to supply heating to all dwellings without exceeding this capacity. In this case, the use of DSM can increase the ratio of \\{ASHPs\\} used. In the context of a low carbon grid electricity supply, this will reduce the average carbon emissions associated with the neighbourhood.

Samuel J.G. Cooper; Geoffrey P. Hammond; Marcelle C. McManus; John G. Rogers

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Efficiency and Emissions Study of a Residential Micro-cogeneration System based on a Modified Stirling Engine and Fuelled by a Wood Derived Fas Pyrolysis Liquid-ethanol Blend.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A residential micro-cogeneration system based on a Stirling engine unit was modified to operate with wood derived fast pyrolysis liquid (bio-oil)-ethanol blend. A pilot stabilized… (more)

Khan, Umer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Coal combustion and cogeneration at New York Institute of Technology, Central Islip campus. Final report. [NYIT CI campus  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this project is to study the technical and economic feasibility of conversion to coal with possible implementation of cogeneration at the central power plant of the New York Institute of Technology Central Islip (NYIT CI) campus. The existing facility contains five moderate pressure (155 psig) 60,000 pph boilers installed in 1953-1954 which were originally designed for coal firing. Among the several systems assessed, three potential projects were identified as having economic merit and conceptual designs for their implementation were developed. The final decision as to which should be pursued must await a final determination of environmental issues related to sulfur dioxide emissions and manufacturer recommendations on the ability to reconvert one of the existing boilers back to coal. The three projects, in order of economic merit, are as follows: (1) reconversion of one of the existing 60,000 pph stoker boilers back to firing coal; (2) installation of a new 60,000 pph stoker fired, high pressure coal boiler with a 2300 kW backpressure steam turbine, the turbine to provide some cogeneration capability. Compliance, low sulfur, coal is to be burned; (3) installation of a new 50,000 pph, low pressure, firetube, fluidized bed combustion (FBC), boiler burning high sulfur coal but including sulfur dioxide capture. The first two projects are predicated on the burning of a compliance, low sulfur, coal. This may be allowed under ''grandfather'' clauses in the regulations that permit such burning in boilers that once fired coal. If not permitted, the installation of the low pressure FBC boiler would be the only remaining viable coal conversion option. Though it has a smaller payback, it still provides significant savings to the college.

Not Available

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Exergoeconomic analysis of high concentration photovoltaic thermal co-generation system for space cooling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper provides an exergetic analysis of a 10 MW high concentration photovoltaic thermal (HCPVT) power plant case study located in Hammam Bou Hadjar, Algeria. The novel HCPVT multi-energy carrier plant converts 25% of the direct normal irradiance (DNI) into electrical energy and 62.5% to low grade heat for a combined efficiency of 87.5%. The HCPVT system employs a point focus dish concentrator with a cooled PV receiver module. The novel “hot-water” cooling approach is used for energy reuse purposes and is enabled by our state-of-the-art substrate integrated micro-cooling technology. The high performance cooler of the receiver with a thermal resistance of <0.12 cm2 K/W enables the receiver module to handle concentrations of up to 5000 suns. In the present study, a concentration of 2000 suns allows using coolant fluid temperatures of up to 80 °C. This key innovation ensures reliable operation of the triple junction PV (3JPV) cells used and also allows heat recovery for utilization in other thermal applications such as space cooling, heating, and desalination. Within this context, an exergoeconomics analysis of photovoltaic thermal co-generation for space cooling is presented in this manuscript. The valuation method presented here for the HCPVT multi-energy carrier plant comprises both the technical and economic perspectives. The proposed model determines how the cost structure is evolving in four different scenarios by quantifying the potential thermal energy demand in Hammam Bou Hadjar. The model pins down the influence of technical details such as the exergetic efficiency to the economic value of the otherwise wasted heat. The thermal energy reuse boosts the power station?s overall yield, reduces total average costs and optimizes power supply as fixed capital is deployed more efficiently. It is observed that even though potential cooling demand can be substantial (19,490 MWh per household), prices for cooling should be 3 times lower than those of electricity in Algeria (18 USD/MWh) to be competitive. This implies a need to reach economies of scale in the production of individual key components of the HCPVT system. The net present value (NPV) is calculated taking growth rates and the system?s modular efficiencies into account, discounted over 25 years. Scenario 1 shows that even though Algeria currently has no market for thermal energy, a break-even quantity (49,728 MWh) can be deduced by taking into account the relation between fixed costs and the marginal profit. Scenario 2 focuses on the national growth rate needed to break even, i.e. +10.92%. Scenario 3 illustrates thermal price variations given an increase in the Coefficient of Performance (COP) of a thermally driven adsorption chiller after year 10. In this case, the price for cooling will decrease from 18 USD/MWh to 14 USD/MWh. Finally, scenario 4 depicts Hammam Bou Hadjar?s potential cooling demand per household and the growth rate needed to break even if a market for heat would exist.

Veronica Garcia-Heller; Stephan Paredes; Chin Lee Ong; Patrick Ruch; Bruno Michel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

The development and validation of the Peradeniya Depression Scale (PDS)—A culturally relevant tool for screening of depression in Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Background Cultural factors may influence the manner in which a given population interprets and conceptualizes their experience of depression. The aim of this study is to validate the Peradeniya Depression Scale (PDS), a locally created, culturally relevant tool for detection of depression in Sri Lanka. Method Fifty currently depressed patients (diagnosed via the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders) and 50 (non-depressed) controls were administered the PDS. Results At a score of 10/25 the PDS showed a sensitivity 88.5% and specificity of 85.0% with regards to the detection of depression. Culturally appropriate statements, which referred to international criteria of depression and somatic symptoms, showed significantly higher odds of being positive in depressed patients compared to controls. Limitations The PDS was validated among an outpatient population presenting to a psychiatry clinic in a government hospital in Peradeniya, Sri Lanka. While this is fairly representative of patients presenting to government hospital clinics in this country, further multi-centre studies in different areas of the country maybe useful. Conclusion The PDS is the first screening tool for depression developed and validated in Sri Lanka, written in Sinhalese, taking into account cultural expressions and idioms of the illness. It shows satisfactory sensitivity and specificity as a screening tool for depression. The findings also suggest that it maybe worthwhile for Asian countries to consider adopting scales which are based on internationally accepted diagnostic criteria for depression, but which incorporate expressions that are more appropriate to their own culture and language.

D.R.R. Abeyasinghe; S. Tennakoon; T.N. Rajapakse

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

DOE/EA-1605: Finding of No Significant Impact for the Environmental Assessment for Biomass Cogeneration and Heating Facilities at the Savannah River Site (August 2008)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biomass Cogeneration and Heating Facilities at the Savannah River Site Agency: U.S. Department of Energy Action: Finding of No Significant Impact Summary: The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an environmental assessment (EA) (DOE/EA-1605) to analyze the potential environmental impacts of the proposed construction and operation of new biomass cogeneration and heating facilities located at the Savannah River Site (SRS). The draft EA was made available to the States of South Carolina and Georgia, and to the public, for a 30-day comment period. Based on the analyses in the EA, DOE has determined that the proposed action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Therefore, the

275

Development of a dry low-NOx gas turbine combustor for a natural-gas fueled 2MW co-generation system  

SciTech Connect

A dry low-NOx gas turbine combustor has been developed for natural-gas fueled co-generation systems in the power range of 1--4MW. The combustor. called the Double Swirler Combustor, uses the lean premixed combustion to reduce NOx emission. The combustor is characterized by two staged lean premixed combustion with two coaxial annular burners and a simple fuel control system without the complex variable geometry. Substantially low NOx level has been achieved to meet the strict NOx regulation to co-generation systems in Japan. High combustion efficiency has been obtained for a wide operating range. In 1994, Tokyo Gas and Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries initiated a collaborative program to develop a natural-gas fueled low NOx gas turbine engine for new 2MW class co-generation system, named IM270. The Double Swirler Combustor, originally developed by Tokyo Gas, was introduced into the natural gas fueled version of the IM270. Engine test of the first production unit was successfully conducted to confirm substantially low NOx level of less than 15 ppm (O{sub 2} = 16%) with the output power of more than 2MW. Test for the durability and the reliability of the system is being conducted at Tokyo Gas Negishi LNG Terminal in Kanagawa, Japan and successful results have been so far obtained.

Mori, Masaaki; Sato, Hiroshi

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Theorising the ‘human subject’ in biomedical research: International clinical trials and bioethics discourses in contemporary Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The global spread of clinical trials activity is accompanied by a parallel growth in research governance and human subject protection. In this paper we analyse how dominant ideas of the ‘human subject’ in clinical trials are played out in countries that are deemed to be scientifically under-developed. Specifically, we show how rhetorics of individualism, rationality and autonomy implicit in international ethical guidelines governing human subject research are operationalised and localised. We give insights into the ways in which new knowledge forms become embedded in practice. Using the recent upsurge in clinical trials in Sri Lanka as a case study, based on interviews with 23 doctors and researchers carried out during ethnographic fieldwork between 2008-2009, this article explores the tensions that arise for doctors involved with the promotion of bioethics and the attempts to bring local research governance up to international standards. The doctors and researchers intercept, interpret and critique the notions of human subject implicit in new forms of research governance. From their accounts we have identified two concerns. The first is a critique of dominant ideas of the ‘human subject’ that is informed by ideas of patiency rooted in paternalistic notions of the doctor-patient relationship. Second, ‘human subjects’ are seen as gendered, and located within family relationships. Both of these bring into question the research subjects’ ability to give informed consent and compromise the ideal of an autonomous subject.

Salla Sariola; Bob Simpson

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

EARLY ENTRANCE CO-PRODUCTION PLANT-DECENTRALIZED GASIFICATION COGENERATION TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND STEAM FROM AVAILABLE FEEDSTOCKS  

SciTech Connect

Waste Processors Management, Inc. (WMPI), along with its subcontractors entered into a Cooperative Agreement with the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to assess the techno-economic viability of building an Early Entrance Co-Production Plant (EECP) in the US to produce ultra clean Fischer-Tropsch (FT) transportation fuels with either power or steam as the major co-product. The EECP design includes recovery and gasification of low-cost coal waste (culm) from physical coal cleaning operations and will assess blends of the culm with coal or petroleum coke. The project has three phases. Phase 1 is the concept definition and engineering feasibility study to identify areas of technical, environmental and financial risk. Phase 2 is an experimental testing program designed to validate the coal waste mixture gasification performance. Phase 3 updates the original EECP design based on results from Phase 2, to prepare a preliminary engineering design package and financial plan for obtaining private funding to build a 5,000 barrel per day (BPD) coal gasification/liquefaction plant next to an existing co-generation plant in Gilberton, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania. The current report covers the period performance from April 1, 2002 through June 30, 2002.

Unknown

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Proposal of a novel multifunctional energy system for cogeneration of coke, hydrogen, and power - article no. 052001  

SciTech Connect

This paper proposes a novel multifunctional energy system (MES), which cogenerates coke, hydrogen, and power, through the use of coal and coke oven gas (COG). In this system, a new type of coke oven, firing coal instead of COG as heating resource for coking, is adopted. The COG rich in H{sub 2} is sent to a pressure swing adsorption (PSA) unit to separate about 80% of hydrogen first, and then the PSA purge gas is fed to a combined cycle as fuel. The new system combines the chemical processes and power generation system, along with the integration of chemical conversion and thermal energy utilization. In this manner, both the chemical energy of fuel and thermal energy can be used more effectively. With the same inputs of fuel and the same output of coking heat, the new system can produce about 65% more hydrogen than that of individual systems. As a result, the thermal efficiency of the new system is about 70%, and the exergy efficiency is about 66%. Compared with individual systems, the primary energy saving ratio can reach as high as 12.5%. Based on the graphical exergy analyses, we disclose that the integration of synthetic utilization of COG and coal plays a significant role in decreasing the exergy destruction of the MES system. The promising results obtained may lead to a clean coal technology that will utilize COG and coal more efficiently and economically.

Jin, H.G.; Sun, S.; Han, W.; Gao, L. [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

279

EARLY ENTRANCE CO-PRODUCTION PLANT--DECENTRALIZED GASIFICATION COGENERATION TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND STEAM FROM AVAILABLE FEEDSTOCKS  

SciTech Connect

Waste Processors Management, Inc. (WMPI), along with its subcontractors Texaco Power and Gasification (now ChevronTexaco), SASOL Technology Ltd., and Nexant Inc. entered into a Cooperative Agreement with the USDOE, National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to assess the techno-economic viability of building an Early Entrance Co-Production Plant (EECP) in the US to produce ultra clean Fischer-Tropsch (FT) transportation fuels with either power or steam as the major co--product. The EECP design includes recovery and gasification of low-cost coal waste (culm) from physical coal cleaning operations and will assess blends of the culm with coal or petroleum coke. The project has three phases: Phase 1 is the concept definition and engineering feasibility study to identify areas of technical, environmental and financial risk. Phase 2 is an experimental testing program designed to validate the coal waste mixture gasification performance. Phase 3 updates the original EECP design based on results from Phase 2, to prepare a preliminary engineering design package and financial plan for obtaining private funding to build a 5,000 barrel per day (BPD) coal gasification/liquefaction plant next to an existing co-generation plant in Gilberton, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania. The current report is WMPI's third quarterly technical progress report. It covers the period performance from October 1, 2001 through December 31, 2001.

John W. Rich

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Cogeneration of substitute natural gas and power from coal by moderate recycle of the chemical unconverted gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The thermodynamic analysis and the coupling and optimization between chemical synthesis and power generation in a polygeneration system are presented. Unlike full conversion of syngas into chemicals in the traditional SNG (synthetic natural gas) production system, by moderate conversion the sharp increase in energy consumption for SNG synthesis can be avoided in the new system. Also, by recovering the chemical unconverted gas for combined cycle, electricity is cogenerated efficiently. Results show that the overall efficiency of the novel system can be as high as 59%–65%. And compared to single production systems, the (energy saving ratio) ESR of the new system is over 11.0% and the energy consumption for SNG production can be decreased by around 12%. Sensitivity analysis shows that an optimized conversion ratio of SNG, (chemicals to power output ratio) CPOR, recycle ratio of the unconverted gas Ru, and pressure ratio of gas turbine can lead to the maximum of ESR. Abolishing the syngas composition adjustment and improving the inlet temperature of gas turbine both can help to enhance the system efficiency. Under low Ru, improving the H2/CO mole ratio in the syngas helps to improve system efficiency, while under high Ru, an optimized H2/CO can lead to the maximum of ESR.

Sheng Li; Hongguang Jin; Lin Gao

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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281

Development of a micro-cogeneration laboratory and testing of a natural gas CHP unit based on PEM fuel cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work discusses the design and the development of a Laboratory of Micro-Cogeneration (LMC) at Politecnico di Milano. The LMC laboratory is a unique structure devoted to small-scale power generation, with the main goals of testing and improving the performance of systems that produce or utilize electric and thermal (hot and/or cold) power in a very general sense, spanning from combined heat and power (CHP) units to heaters, from absorption chillers to heat pumps, but also able to perform tests on fuel processors and electrolyzers. The laboratory features a supply of natural gas as well as H2 and O2 from a high pressure electrolyzer and of CO, CO2 and N2 from bottles, permitting to carry out experiments with simulated synthesis fuels. The maximum allowable electrical power produced, exported to the grid or to an electronic loadbank, or consumed by the system under test is 100 kW; maximum allowable thermal power is roughly 200 kW with variable temperature water circuits (from chilled water up to a 150 °C at 8 bar superheated water loop). This work outlines also the instruments used for on-line recording of thermodynamic properties, emissions and power, aiming at monitoring and reconstructing mass and energy balances. One of the first experimental campaign has been carried out on a CHP system based on polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEM), a promising candidate for distributed CHP thanks to low pollutant emissions and good efficiency, rapid startup and flexibility, although affected by a rather complex fuel processing section to provide the appropriate fuel to the PEM. This work presents the experimental analysis of a 20 kW prototype PEM CHP system complete of natural gas processor. The prototype is operated at LMC to characterize the processing section and the thermodynamic performances of the overall system. Despite its non-optimized layout, the unit has shown encouraging total efficiency (76%) and primary energy saving index (6%).

S. Campanari; G. Valenti; E. Macchi; G. Lozza; N. Ravidà

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Forensic analyses of explosion debris from the January 2, 1992 Pd/D{sub 2}O electrochemistry incident at SRI International  

SciTech Connect

The January 2, 1992 explosion in an electrochemistry laboratory at SRI International (SRI) resulted in the death of scientist Andrew Riley, and gained some notoriety due to its association with experimental work in the controversial field of cold fusion research. Selected components of explosion debris were subjected to forensic analyses at LLNL to elucidate potential causes of, or contributing factors to, the explosion. Interrogation of the debris by LLNL encompassed nuclear, chemical, physical, and materials investigations. Nuclear studies for the determination of tritium and neutron-activation products in stainless steel and brass were negative. No evidence of signature species indicative of orthodox nuclear events was detected. The inorganic and particulate analyses were likewise negative with respect to residues of unexpected chemical species. Such target compounds included conventional explosives, accelerants, propellants, or any exceptional industrial chemicals. The GC-MS analyses of trace organic components in the explosion debris provided perhaps the most interesting results obtained at LLNL. Although no evidence of organic explosives, oxidizers, or other unusual compounds was detected, the presence of a hydrocarbon oil in the interior of the electrochemical cell was established. It is likely that its source was lubricating fluid from the machining of the metal cell components. If residues of organic oils are present during electrolysis experiments, the potential exists for an explosive reaction in the increasingly enriched oxygen atmosphere within the headspace of a metal cell.

Andresen, B.; Whipple, R.; Vandervoort, D.; Grant, P.

1992-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

283

Development of efficiency-enhanced cogeneration system utilizing high-temperature exhaust-gas from a regenerative thermal oxidizer for waste volatile-organic-compound gases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed a gas-turbine cogeneration system that makes effective use of the calorific value of the volatile organic compound (VOC) gases exhausted during production processes at a manufacturing plant. The system utilizes the high-temperature exhaust-gas from the regenerative thermal oxidizer (RTO) which is used for incinerating VOC gases. The high-temperature exhaust gas is employed to resuperheat the steam injected into the gasturbine. The steam-injection temperature raised in this way increases the heat input, resulting in the improved efficiency of the gas-turbine. Based on the actual operation of the system, we obtained the following results: • Operation with the steam-injection temperature at 300 °C (45 °C resuperheated from 255 °C) increased the efficiency of the gasturbine by 0.7%. • The system can enhance the efficiency by 1.3% when the steam-injection temperature is elevated to 340 °C (85 °C resuperheated). In this case, up to 6.6 million yen of the total energy cost and 400 tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions can be reduced annually. • A gas-turbine cogeneration and RTO system can reduce energy consumption by 23% and CO2 emission by 30.1% at the plant.

Masaaki Bannai; Akira Houkabe; Masahiko Furukawa; Takao Kashiwagi; Atsushi Akisawa; Takuya Yoshida; Hiroyuki Yamada

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Initial Package Design Concepts Integrated Product Team (IPT) Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

Initially, the question of transporting TRU waste to WIPP was raised as part of the EM Integration activities. The issue was re-examined as part of the system-wide view to re-engineer the TRU waste program. Consequently, the National Transportation Program and the National TRU Waste Program, in a cooperative effort, made a commitment to EM-20 to examine the feasibility of using rail to transport TRU waste material to WIPP. In December of 1999 Mr. Philip Altomare assembled a team of subject matter experts (SME) to define initial concepts for a Type B package capable of shipping TRU waste by rail (see Attachment 1 for a list of team members). This same team of experts also provided input to a preliminary study to determine if shipping TRU waste by rail could offer cost savings or other significant advantages over the current mode of operation using TRUPACT-II packages loaded on truck. As part of the analysis, the team also identified barriers to implementing rail shipments to WIPP and outlined a path forward. This report documents the findings of the study and its initial set of recommendations. As the study progressed, it was expanded to include new packages for truck as well as rail in recognition of the benefits of shipping large boxes and contaminated equipment.

Moss, J.; Luke, Dale Elden

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Micro gas turbine cogeneration system with latent heat storage at the University: Part III: Temperature control schedule  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The latent heat storage system is a novel heat storage system. At the University under service conditions, it was demonstrated with a micro gas turbine (MGT) cogeneration system (CGS). Expanding the latent heat storage system into new applications is expected to save energy economically with high density energy storage and reduce exhaust emissions and reduce operational costs. This is the first demonstration of using a latent heat storage system with CGS under service condition and its characteristics are very important. In Part I, a fixed operating schedule of the system was planned and demonstrated at the University. The charge/discharge cycles of the latent heat storage system were repeated for 407 times. The energy flow test of the system shows the importance of the heat release source and total system design. In Part II, an irregular charge case of the latent heat storage system was discussed when the prime mover of the system was operated at a part load and thermal priority mode. A highly sophisticated system design that solves these problems was necessary for extending the applications of the latent heat storage system. In Part III, a temperature control schedule of the system was demonstrated during winter mornings using a new programmable logic controller (PLC). Using a fixed schedule, the MGT-CGS with latent heat storage reduced the CO2 emission when the energy utilization factor was above 50%. The temperature control schedule was considered to be better than the fixed schedule, both in terms of the operational efficiency of the overall system and CO2 reduction. The temperature control schedule was executed using an empirical formula for the temperature rise in a classroom. The restriction on the operation time by the contract with the gas supplier and the low heating capacity of the CGS affected the heating time and temperature rise. The temperature rise in the classroom was almost proportional to the integrated temperature difference across the hot water header of the heating system. On cold days, the rate of temperature rise produced by the CGS was very slow, therefore, additional heat supplied by the original boiler was used to increase the temperature rise. If larger latent heat storage systems will be developed in future, it will be expected that the temperature of the classrooms are kept more comfortable with less energy consumptions and lower CO2 emission.

Osamu Kurata; Norihiko Iki; Takayuki Matsunuma; Tetsuhiko Maeda; Satoshi Hirano; Katsuhiko Kadoguchi; Hiromi Takeuchi; Hiro Yoshida

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

SRI-CAT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A.P.J. Stampfl Synchrotron x-ray microdiffraction diagnostics of multilayer optoelectronic devices Z. Cai, W. Rodrigues, P. Ilinski, D. Legnini, B. Lai, W. Yun, E.D. Isaacs,...

287

SRI2007 Conference - Schedule  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Registration Abstract Submission Proceedings Manuscript Review Conference Schedule Poster Session Satellite Workshops Conference Committee Accommodations Vendors Travel tips...

288

Carbon footprint reduction: a critical study of rubber production in small and medium scale enterprises in Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In response to the winds of change world over, as a result of rapid advance in science and technology, it has strengthened the Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs) to exert themselves as engines of their economy in the sphere of production as a whole economy as well as increase of production and competition in the market. This situation is augmented as a result of consumer demand. Its impact is such that we discern a rapid increase of population, urbanization, social mobility and transition with vigorous competition. Looking at opportunities to maximize production to satisfy customer needs, \\{SMEs\\} do not consider the factors that affect environment during manufacturing process, selling and distribution and consumption stages. Considering the magnitude of the excessive toxic effect on the bio-sphere and in order to protect the natural environment for the sustenance and conservation of organisms, it is imperative for all the parties concerned to take up responsibility to include carbon footprint mitigating measures during industrial processes. Available literature revealed that different types of systems have been set up to minimize carbon footprint by the industry at both national and international levels, but still there are issues on identifying carbon footprint usage and emission levels along with implementation systems/methodologies introduced. Researchers identified energy consumption being largely associated at the rubber mill and emissions are extraordinarily connected to productivity of kW/H of energy consumption. In order to carry out research goal barriers in implementing energy-efficient carbon footprint minimization measures, responses to one hundred questionnaires were collected from rubber product manufacturing \\{SMEs\\} registered under the Ministry of Industry and Commerce, Sri Lanka. Twenty five unstructured interviews were conducted with relevant professionals in order to ascertain their opinion. There are vital findings in this research — mainly the correlation of factors affecting relationship on minimizing energy efficient carbon footprint effects which will phase-in obliging emphasis on policy makers to rethink their planning. This was proved by using the fishbone model. Major barriers were identified by using content analysis of respondents. In order to identify the CO2 emission level, the researcher examined the calculation model developed from the results to quantify carbon emission level from the three rubber-band manufacturing factories that were selected as case study domains. Case-studies revealed the overall emissions from the production of rubber band amounting to 1.16, 1.53 and 1.23 ton CO2-eq/ton product respectively. These findings could be directly benefited by any country where rubber production is being put into practice; in order to identify factors that would minimize global warming potentials of rubber manufacturing SMEs, by the application of cleaner manufacturing model to achieve sustainable production.

Sampath P. Dayaratne; Kennedy D. Gunawardana

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Techno-economic performance and cost reduction potential for the substitute/synthetic natural gas and power cogeneration plant with CO2 capture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The cogeneration of substitute/synthetic natural gas (SNG) and power from coal based plants with CO2 capture is an effective way to improve energy efficiency and to reduce CO2 emissions. In this paper, we evaluate the techno-economic performance of a SNG and power cogeneration technology with CO2 capture. Current localization level (the cost difference of a technology in different nations and districts) of each subunit of this technology is analyzed. The cost reduction potential of this technology is also predicted, and the role of technology localization and efficiency upgrade in cost reduction is investigated based on a range of learning rates and different coal prices from 90$/t to 150$/t. Results show that the unit investment of this cogeneration technology presented in our previous paper is around 1700$/kW currently and the investment of SNG synthesis, coal gasification and combined cycle unit comprises over 60% of the total investment. The equivalent SNG production cost is quite sensitive to coal prices and ranges from 0.15 to 0.50$/Nm3. Through localization, the unit investment of this technology can be decreased by 30% currently. The key technologies including coal gasification, SNG synthesis and high performance gas turbine need further localization because of their relatively low current localization levels and big localization potential. Through cost learning, the future investment of the technology can be decreased to 700–1100$/kW, which may be competitive with the unit investment of IGCC technology with CO2 capture and even may be lower than that of the pulverized coal power plant with CO2 capture. Technology localization and efficiency upgrade will play important roles in cost reduction, which can contribute 300–500$/kW and 125–225$/kW to cost reduction, respectively. The results presented in this paper indicate that the coal to SNG and power technology with CO2 capture is a promising and competitive option for energy saving and CO2 abatement, and can be a support for policy making, technology options etc.

Sheng Li; Hongguang Jin; Lin Gao; Xiaosong Zhang; Xiaozhou Ji

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Cogeneration Rangan Banerjee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with extraction 10 Back Pressure Turbine Condensing Turbine 3 Condensing Power Plant 0 DecreasingX #12;Steam. The boiler efficiency is 90%. The power requirement of the industry is 2.5 MW. Evaluate the viability of using a high pressure boiler generating steam at 50 bar 400° C and a back pressure turbine #12;C GT GAS

Banerjee, Rangan

291

Cogeneration - A Utility Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are discussed from a utility perspective as how they influence utility participation in future projects. The avoided cost methodology is examined, and these payments for sale of energy to the utility are compared with utility industrial rates. In addition...

Williams, M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Baytown Cogeneration Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Complex. Small sales of electricity are possible in winter months. The new Cogen Unit allowed the complex to shutdown three inefficient, 1960’s vintage, steam and electricity generators to improve steam and power generation efficiency and to reduce...

Lorenz, M. G.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Cogeneration in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to dispatch the QF b) The reliability of the QF c) The terms of any legally enforceable obligations, especially the duration of the obligation d) The ability to coordinate scheduled outages of the QF with the utility 3. The relationship...'s power. The quality of firmness of a QF's power refers to the degree to which the capacity offered by the QF is an equivalent quality substitute for the utility's own generation or firm purchased power. Under the principles of economic dispatch...

Halicki, T.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Thin film battery/fuel cell power generation system. Topical report covering Task 5: the design, cost and benefit of an industrial cogeneration system, using a high-temperature solid-oxide-electrolyte (HTSOE) fuel-cell generator  

SciTech Connect

A literature search and review of the studies analyzing the relationship between thermal and electrical energy demand for various industries and applications resulted in several applications affording reasonable correlation to the thermal and electrical output of the HTSOE fuel cell. One of the best matches was in the aluminum industry, specifically, the Reynolds Aluminum Production Complex near Corpus Christi, Texas. Therefore, a preliminary design of three variations of a cogeneration system for this plant was effected. The designs were not optimized, nor were alternate methods of providing energy compared with the HTSOE cogeneration systems. The designs were developed to the extent necessary to determine technical practicality and economic viability, when compared with alternate conventional fuel (gas and electric) prices in the year 1990.

Not Available

1981-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

295

Potentials for reductions of carbon dioxide emissions of the industrial sector in transitional economies -- A case study of implementation of absorption chiller and co-generation  

SciTech Connect

Central and East European (CEE) countries together with former USSR emitted about 25 percent of the world carbon dioxide emissions, predominantly because of high energy intensity of their industries and dependence on coal. The paper focuses on technologies which would reduce the need for fossil fuel burning by improving energy efficiency in industry. In the process industry, heat demand is usually met by combustion of fossil fuels, cold is produced with electricity. Technical potentials of absorption chillers (AC) and co-generation in the process industry as well as their market penetration potentials are analyses for Slovenia, one of the fastest transforming CEE economies. Technical potentials are not necessarily realized in production. New technology employment in firms depends on several factors. This paper first summarizes the existing models explaining adoption of technology by firms. Then, it focuses selectively on the impact of macro economic and institutional factors and points out which policy instruments could facilitate faster diffusion of the technologies and thereby reduction of energy related carbon dioxide emissions in the industrial sector.

Remec, J. [Univ. of Ljubljana (Slovenia). Faculty of Mechanical Engineering; Dolsak, N. [Univ. of Ljubljana (Slovenia). Faculty of Economics]|[Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States). School of Public and Environmental Affairs

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Effects of environmental factors on the conversion efficiency of solar thermoelectric co-generators comprising parabola trough collectors and thermoelectric modules without evacuated tubular collector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Solar thermoelectric co-generators (STECGs) are an attractive means of supplying electric power and heat simultaneously and economically. Here we examine the effects of environmental factors on the conversion efficiencies of a new type of STECG comprising parabolic trough concentrators and thermoelectric modules (TEMs). Each TEM array was bonded with a solar selective absorber plate and directly positioned on the focal axis of the parabolic concentrator. Glass tubular collectors were not used to encase the TEMs. Although this makes the overall system simpler, the environmental effects become significant. Simulations show that the performance of such a system strongly depends on ambient conditions such as solar insolation, atmospheric temperature and wind velocity. As each of these factors increases, the thermal losses of the STECG system also increase, resulting in reduced solar conversion efficiency, despite the increased radiation absorption. However, the impact of these factors is relatively complicated. Although the electrical efficiency of the system increases with increasing solar insolation, it decreases with increasing ambient temperature and wind velocity. These results serve as a useful guide to the selection and installation of STECGs, particularly in Guangzhou or similar climate region.

Chao Li; Ming Zhang; Lei Miao; Jianhua Zhou; Yi Pu Kang; C.A.J. Fisher; Kaoru Ohno; Yang Shen; Hong Lin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Results of heat tests of the TGE-435 main boiler in the PGU-190/220 combined-cycle plant of the Tyumen' TETs-2 cogeneration plant  

SciTech Connect

Special features of operation of a boiler operating as a combined-cycle plant and having its own furnace and burner unit are descried. The flow of flue gases on the boiler is increased due to feeding of exhaust gases of the GTU into the furnace, which intensifies the convective heat exchange. In addition, it is not necessary to preheat air in the convective heating surfaces (the boiler has no air preheater). The convective heating surfaces of the boiler are used for heating the feed water, thus replacing the regeneration extractions of the steam turbine (HPP are absent in the circuit) and partially replacing the preheating of condensate (the LPP in the circuit of the unit are combined with preheaters of delivery water). Regeneration of the steam turbine is primarily used for the district cogeneration heating purposes. The furnace and burner unit of the exhaust-heat boiler (which is a new engineering solution for the given project) ensures utilization of not only the heat of the exhaust gases of the GTU but also of their excess volume, because the latter contains up to 15% oxygen that oxidizes the combustion process in the boiler. Thus, the gas temperature at the inlet to the boiler amounts to 580{sup o}C at an excess air factor a = 3.50; at the outlet these parameters are utilized to T{sub out} = 139{sup o}C and a{sub out} = 1.17. The proportions of the GTU/boiler loads that can actually be organized at the generating unit (and have been checked by testing) are presented and the proportions of loads recommended for the most efficient operation of the boiler are determined. The performance characteristics of the boiler are presented for various proportions of GTU/boiler loads. The operating conditions of the superheater and of the convective trailing heating surfaces are presented as well as the ecological parameters of the generating unit.

A.V. Kurochkin; A.L. Kovalenko; V.G. Kozlov; A.I. Krivobok [Engineering Center of the Ural Power Industry (Russian Federation)

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

298

Exergy analysis and the energy saving mechanism for coal to synthetic/substitute natural gas and power cogeneration system without and with CO2 capture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The energy saving mechanism and the potential of efficiency improvement for coal to synthetic/substitute natural gas and power plant with different schemes and CO2 capture is disclosed through exergy analysis, and the effects of key parameters on exergy losses and system performance are investigated. Scheme A represents the system without CO2 capture but with a full syngas component adjustment and partial recycle of the chemical unconverted gas, Scheme B represents the system without CO2 capture and syngas component adjustment but with partial recycle of the chemical unconverted gas, and Scheme C represents the SNG and power cogeneration with CO2 capture and partial recycle of the chemical unconverted gas but without syngas component adjustment. Results show that the exergy efficiencies of Scheme A, B and C range from 56% to 62%, 57% to 67%, 52% to 62%, respectively. Coal gasification, water–gas-shift process, SNG methanation, and fuel combustion in combined cycle are identified as the main sources of exergy losses. Compared with Scheme A, the exergy efficiency of Scheme B is higher due to the avoidance of exergy losses from syngas adjustment. Scheme C is less energy efficient than Scheme B because of the CO2 capture. Compared with single product systems, the total exergy input of Scheme A, B and C can be reduced by 7.0–11.0%, 14.0–19.0%, 15.0–21.0%, respectively assuming the same product output. The chemical to power output ratio (CPOR) will impact the exergy losses of the whole plant greatly. For all schemes, with the increasing CPOR, the exergy losses for chemical synthesis island will increase whereas the exergy losses for power island will decrease. Especially high CPOR will cause sharp exergy losses of chemical synthesis island. The coupling between exergy losses for chemical synthesis and power islands leads to an optimal CPOR making the total exergy losses of the plant minimal and the system efficiency maximized. The results presented in this paper can help to confirm the potential of system integration and can be a guide for system integration.

Sheng Li; Hongguang Jin; Lin Gao; Xiaosong Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

SRI2007 Conference - Manuscript Review  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Instructions to Referees Selected referees (referee list will be posted at the conference) are requested to pick up manuscripts at the editorial office beginning Thursday, April...

300

SRI2007 Conference - Contact Information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contact Information For further information about the conference, please click on the following link. E-mail Ms. Lee Ann Murphey or contact Ms. Lee Ann Murphey CAMDLSU 6980...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ipt sri cogeneration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

SRI2007 Conference - Local Attractions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fine Baton Rouge restaurant tradition with this classic American eatery. Enjoy fresh seafood, steaks, chops, gumbo and frosty cocktails while enjoying the scenery and fountains...

302

WESEP 594 Seminar Sri Sritharan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research · Anything else? #12;My Research program (2000 to 2009) #12;My Involvement in Wind Energy · Wind? · My Background · Education · Work Experience · History at ISU Jan. 2000 to present Teaching Service Energy initiative (http://www.engineering.iastate.edu/wei) · Design of Tall Towers Must withstand large

McCalley, James D.

303

The Economics of Cogeneration Selection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To Process 444.5 MMbtu/hr Power Requirements 0.0 MW therefore, have some~at January 1, 1986 10.00 2.00 700 7.00 46.00 8.00 400.00 200.00 387.79 120.00 /I Equipment Description Fuel Flow StmTrb . Power Net Power FCTP DeRR Delta DCRR 1983....76) (24.35) (47.11) ITC 3.77 3.77 Depreciation: ACRS/SL 7.07 10.36 9.89 9.89 9.89 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 47.11 Normal Taxes @ 46.00 '1'0 3.06 2.08 2.78 3.29 -- -- -- - 3.84 8.98 9.61 -- - 10.28 11.00 11.77 66.69 - Net Cash Row After Tax '($22...

Fisk, R. W.; Hall, E. W.; Sweeney, J. H.

304

Why Cogeneration Development Projects Fail  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the particip8llts. Keep in mind the developllent problems listed below are all based on actual experiences. Sane were encountered by my company, Ebasco, some by others. The names of the developers and the projects have been concealed to protect...

Greenwood, R. W.

305

Financing Co-generation Projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

profit generated by energy intensive industries will not be sufficient to provide the capital required for both normal business expansion and energy conservation projects. Debt financing for energy saving equipment will adversely impact balance sheet...

Young, R.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Cogeneration Economics and Financial Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with construction beginning in early 1983. An inflation rate of 5 per ent per year was assumed for all non fuel/ energy related factors (labor, oper ting and maintenance costs, etc.). Fuel prices were escalated at 1 percent above the inflation rate; electrical... sector accounts for almost 40 percent of the nation's energy consumption. With energy prices having escalated dramatically over the past decade (see Figure 1), industry has implemented a wide variety of conservation measures ranging from better...

Kusik, C. L.; Golden, W. J.; Fox, L. K.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

International Conference Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation SRI `94  

SciTech Connect

This report contains abstracts for the international conference on Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation at Brookhaven National Laboratory.

Not Available

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

www.igert.neu.edu SRI SRIDHAR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Label Antibody Endosome Buffering Agent HIV TAT Peptide pDNA or Oligonu cleotide Multi TO DESTROY TUMOR CELLS #12;www.igert.neu.edu PEG Spacer TAT Y pH-Sensitive Fluorescent Label Radioactive

Sridhar, Srinivas

309

SriKantha Neyeda Ragam: Bhavapriya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

")?] ; ; ; P ,d N ; N | S , s ; ; ; ; ; ; || - Paa -- kaa - ri nu tha - - - - -- ns nd pm- P ,d N ; N | S , s ; dn S , p dn S || - Paa -- kaa - ri nu tha - - - - -- , s nd pm- P ,d N ; N | S , s ; S , r G ; R || - Paa -- kaa - ri nu tha - Nee - - vaa - ri S , n d p - P ,d N ; N | S , s ; S , r G ; R || Ba -la

Kalyanaraman, Shivkumar

310

Cogeneration Development and Market Potential in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Management of District Heating Systems in Urban Areas—Aof Con- struction," District Heating, Vol. 42, N o . 1, pp.size of boilers used for district heating and accordingly,

Yang, F.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Cogenerating Photovoltaic and Thermal Solar Collector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cell, 25% max ­ Steam power plant, 50% max · Data Centers in the U.S. ­ Demand increases as internet.2% of the nations electricity consumption · Load equivalent to 5 1000 MW power plants · Over 2.2 billion dollars applications #12;First Prototype Spring 2008 #12;#12;Experimental Results · Thermal power generated ­ 1.4 KW

Su, Xiao

312

The Onsite Fuel Cell Cogeneration System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

specifications. The thermal energy is used to maintain the operating temperature of the power plant components and to supply usable heat to the customer. Steam is recovered for use in the fuel-processing section. PARTICIPANTS' ACTIVITIES The gas 37...-grade heat up to 250 0 F. During the operation of each unit, detailed data collection allowed the comparison of measured to predicted efficiency. Using hourly simulations, these analyses indicated that 75 percent of the power plants met or exceeded...

Woods, R. R.; Cuttica, J. J.; Trimble, K. A.

313

Cogeneration Development and Market Potential in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A significant change i n biogas development is the recentwere supplied w i t h biogas fuel b y large-scale digestoro n y u a n to large-scale biogas digestor plants w h i c h

Yang, F.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Design and Evaluation of Alternative Cogeneration Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

requirenent is l.6xl06Ib(hand the electrical requirenent (princi pally for pumping) is 30-50 MW (Tables 5 & 6). Table 5 tlllOCO SITE DATA Sou'H tEIITR.L Tu.s GlMIll. UlC.n..: tU L P_R AUO L'GHT IIrILITY ~"'Y: TAR OS I.,.,.. 2 APIl PaooucT: S... requirenent is l.6xl06Ib(hand the electrical requirenent (princi pally for pumping) is 30-50 MW (Tables 5 & 6). Table 5 tlllOCO SITE DATA Sou'H tEIITR.L Tu.s GlMIll. UlC.n..: tU L P_R AUO L'GHT IIrILITY ~"'Y: TAR OS I.,.,.. 2 APIl PaooucT: S...

Mauro, R. L.; Hu, S. D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

HL&P/Du Pont Cogeneration Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Supplementary fireable HRSG's provide additional supply reliability for the steam host. Electricity from the project is delivered into HL&P's System through a new 138 KY substation. Such an arrangement offers Du Pont a significant cost saving opportunity as less...

Vadie, H. H.

2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

316

Energy & Environmental Benefits from Steam & Electricity Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the electricity required by TEX and sells excess power to wholesale customers in the region. It provides a large portion of TEX steam requirements, with sufficient reliability such that TEX decommissioned its coal-fired powerhouse and reduced operations...

Ratheal, R.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Petroleum Coke: A Viable Fuel for Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; buy sulfur dioxide credits on the open market; install FGD; or switch to clean coal technology such as circulating fluidized bed combustion and gasification. Current trends in utility modernization are to utilize new clean coal technologies..., such as fluidized bed combustion or gasification, and install FGD technology. Regardless of which modernization method is used, it will feature high-sulfur fuel capability. In summary, public utilities are looking at low-sulfur fuel as a means to comply...

Dymond, R. E.

318

CHP/Cogeneration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

description List of CHPCogeneration Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCHPCogeneration&oldid267149" Category: Articles with outstanding TODO tasks...

319

Cogeneration Development and Market Potential in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

p l y currently meeting demand, coal prices are expected toassociated w i t h coal prices and sup- p l y is related toto international coal prices, Chinese coal is cheap. Retail

Yang, F.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Energy Conservation Through Industrial Cogeneration Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Typical Axial Turbine SATURN 800 kW CENTAUR 2700 kW MARS 7400 kW Figure 3. Solar Gas Turbine Generator Sets 23 ESL-IE-79-04-03 Proceedings from the First Industrial Energy Technology Conference Houston, TX, April 22-25, 1979 Exhaust Heat Utilization... temperatures below the dew point) 612,500 = $383/kW 1600 ? Net fuel rate (from Figure 4) = 6524 Btu/kWh ? Maintenance cost = $0.0018/kWh ? Cost of Electricity Generated 6 = (6524) (2.85 -;"-10 ) + 0.0018 0.20/kWh ? Saving/Kilowatt Hour: 0...

Solt, J. C.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ipt sri cogeneration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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321

Cogeneration with Thermionics and Electrochemical Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

con verters (6) and more recently with flame fired converters (7). This test consisted of four, nominal 25-mm-diameter hemispher ical silicon carbide-tungsten converters mounted in an array as shown in Figure 3. the thermionic converter section... the proper emitter and collector tem peratures. depending on the emi tter and temperature. The efficiency, present day operating converters ically 10 percent. by the burner. The tungsten emitting sur face, protected on the flame side by sili con carbide...

Miskolczy, G.; Goodale, D.; Huffman, F.; Morgan, D.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Solar Reflectance Index (SRI) Calculation Worksheet SRI-WS Computer Generated Form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Zone: Building Type: Residential Nonresidential Project Name: Project Address: Roofing Products (Cool Roof) Roofing products with high solar reflectance and thermal emittance are referred to as "Cool Roof required to provide air conditioning. The benefit of a high reflectance surface is obvious: while dark

323

Microsoft Word - 3m TGM _SRI_07_v4.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

core threshold without resorting to second order light which we demonstrate for Gd doped HfO 2 . PACS: 79.60.Ai, 68.55.Ln, 29.40.Wk, 81.05.J Key words: oxide dielectric layers,...

324

Shock wave facilities at Pulter Laboratory of SRI international  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Shock wave research in the Poulter Laboratory covers two broad areas: dynamic material response and dynamic structural response. Workers in both areas use common facilities. The Laboratory has several guns and the facilities to perform various types of high explosive loading experiments. The use of these facilities and experimental techniques is illustrated with examples from research projects.

W. J. Murri

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Emerging Hubs: South Korea, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, and Bahrain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A crosscutting analysis of the six case studies and an examination of key issues and challenges related to education hub development are the focus of this chapter. The key themes for the comparative analysis i...

Lois Dou; Jane Knight

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Financial liberalisation in Sri Lanka: an econometric analysis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examines the impact of financial liberalisation on macroeconomic issues such as saving, investment, financial performance, financial sector widening, gross domestic product, and the… (more)

Paudel, Ramsh Chandra

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Pahimaam Sri Raja Rajeshwari Ragam: Janaranjani (29 janya)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Krupaakari Shankari 1. P ; ; M mmR R ; | R S R G ; - gm pm R || Paa - hi maam- Shri- Ra - ja Raa - je- - - shwa S ; ; ; ; ; ; S | S ; RS R ; G M || ri - - - - - - Kru paa- kari Shan ka ri 2. P ; ; md pmR R ; | R S R G ; - gm pm R || Paa - hi maam- Shri- Ra - ja Raa - je- - - shwa S ; ; ; ; ; ; R | S D Pmd pm

Kalyanaraman, Shivkumar

328

Integrated: Enhanced Geospatial Toolkit for Sri Lanka from NREL...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Data: The existing annual wind resource dataset has been expanded to include average wind speed and power for each month, annual average Weibull K shape parameter, annual...

329

Cogeneration Waste Heat Recovery at a Coke Calcining Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hard surface overlays on their impellers and scrolls to prevent erosion. The use of linings was selected after a comprehensive study was performed investi gating the expected wear on unlined equipment, additional cost of linings, frequency of main... is provided fr the pump discharge head r for of the bypass steam e tering carbon steel steam sal s line line of the refine is feet long. The st am is metered by a primary venturi flow nozzle, essure transmitters, and temperature elements ne r...

Coles, R. L.

330

Application of Thermal Storage, Peak Shaving and Cogeneration for Hospitals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy costs of hospitals can be managed by employing various strategies to control peak electrical demand (KW) while at the same time providing additional security of operation in the event that an equipment failure or a disruption of power from...

McClure, J. D.; Estes, J. M.; Estes, M. C.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Thermoelectrics Combined with Solar Concentration for Electrical and Thermal Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a steam turbine achieves roughly 25% efficiency. Point focuscan run a steam turbine at 35-50% efficiency, with plenty ofturbines. Typical engines can produce 100’s of megawatts of power, with efficiencies

Jackson, Philip Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Fundamentals of a Third-Party Cogeneration Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Base data from which the savings will be measured. This is usually a historical average of fuel and electrical costs adjusted, if necessary. to the present operating conditions. o Calculation of savings. The procedures for determining the revenues... and procedures formalized for the initial project. This can lead to honest misunderstandings and delays. Also, the utility is highly aware of precedent and sometimes treats any concession as being lost forever. Therefore. the utility can be hesitant on any...

Grantham, F.; Stovall, D.

333

Thermoelectrics Combined with Solar Concentration for Electrical and Thermal Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a heat engine, such as a steam turbine or sterling enginethese concentrations, a steam turbine achieves roughly 25%ratio can run a steam turbine at 35-50% efficiency, with

Jackson, Philip Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Optimum Operation of In-Plant Cogeneration Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and their parent company, ICI PLC, have developed and applied systems to achieve these optimization objectives. Both on-line and off-line systems have been installed. These systems can solve the optimization problem quickly and in real time, yielding... profit margins are among the factors that have forced Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI PLC) to improve the operating economics of their existing chemical plants. The company has tackled this problem by coupling commercial and cost information...

Craw, I. A.; Foster, D.; Reidy, K. D.

335

Computer Techniques for Cogeneration Plant Design and Testing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/HR 15000.0 9 429J~ .9 150.0 J72.9 1196.9 lP STEAM IN;. PRESS. PSIG 250.0 10 38JOI. 6 265.0 460.0 12J5.5 LP STEAM INJ. TEMP. OEGF - 460.0 11 .0 .0 .0 .0 LP IURBINE FIRIHG TEMP oEGR 1870.0 12 60000.0 665 0 750 0 1375.6 POWER OUTPUT XW 373B1.2 13 .0....7 207.7 ?XHAU5 T CO2 1 WT. .0426 18 114952.6 20.0 70.0 38.0 UHAUSI H2O 1 WI. .0900 19 JOODO.O 265.0 460.0 12J5.5 DHAUST 02 1 WI. .1572 20 .0 .0 .0 .0 UNAUSI S02 1 WI. .0000 21 2579J80.0 .0 100.0 68.0 EXHAUST H2 1 Wr. .7201 22 4293~. 8 165 .0 J...

Stewart, J. C.

336

Thermoelectrics Combined with Solar Concentration for Electrical and Thermal Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since the ceramic wafers have a high thermal conductivity,easily altered ceramic blocks all had a thermal conductivityCeramics. Available Online: http://www.dynacer.com/thermal_

Jackson, Philip Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Cogeneration Partnerships -- A "Win-Win" Approach for All Parties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and perhaps compressed air) to manufacturing businesses operating within a specific geographic area. Some non-manufacturing facilities in the same area may also be served. The ""energy products"" would be supplied via a local District Energy piping network...

Steigelmann, W.; Campbell, V.

338

Thermoelectrics Combined with Solar Concentration for Electrical and Thermal Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for efficient energy production. Solar thermal plants, suchenergy production. It would require a substantial amount of land usage to install enough solar

Jackson, Philip Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Applying fuel cells to data centers for power and cogeneration.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Data center space and power densities are increasing as today’s society becomes more dependent on computer systems for processing and storing data. Most existing data… (more)

Carlson, Amy L.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Combined Cycles and Cogeneration - An Alternative for the Process Industries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SYSTEM Gasification Numerous programs are underway for gasification of solid fuels and heavy oils and it is among these systems that many feel medium Btu gas will be pro duced for use in combined cycle systems. Many of the problems now facing... the gasification approach are economic in nature caused by the compe titive costs of gas and oil. In addition, in areas lacking a coal infrastructure, extraordinary costs still exist in the early years. FIG. 13 INTEGRATED INTERMEDIATE Btu GASIFICATION CYCLE...

Harkins, H. L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ipt sri cogeneration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Efficiency Analysis of Natural Gas Residential Micro-cogeneration Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The systems feature different energy conversion technologies: Stirling engine (WhisperGen), spark-ignition internal combustion (IC) engine (FreeWatt), and polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) (EBARA Ballard). ... The Stirling engine is the least expensive that requires the least maintenance. ... Experimental Determination of the Efficiency and Emissions of a Residential Microcogeneration System Based on a Stirling Engine and Fueled by Diesel and Ethanol ...

Amir A. Aliabadi; Murray J. Thomson; James S. Wallace

2010-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

342

Thermoelectrics Combined with Solar Concentration for Electrical and Thermal Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity, such as steam engines or gas turbines. Typicalsystems, a sterling engine or steam turbine is typicallysuch as a steam turbine or sterling engine connected to an

Jackson, Philip Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

A Feasibility Study of Fuel Cell Cogeneration in Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

% based on the HHV of the fuel. Four primary types of fuel cells have thus far emerged. They are classified by the type of electrolyte: Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC), Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell (PAFC), Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC... Electrolyte PEMFC 80-1OO?C ion exchange membrane PAFC 150-220?C phosphoric acid MCFC 600-700?C molten carbonate SOFC 650-1000?C solid metal oxide T bl 3 E .. a e mISSIOn and sound pressure levels of PC25C (ONSI Corp., 1995) Emissions at 200 kW California...

Phelps, S. B.; Kissock, J. K.

344

Power and Hydrogen Co-generation from Biogas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Furthermore, the Piedmont Regional framework is very oriented toward clean transport, in both the public sector (the GTT public transportation fleet has a multitude of natural gas-fueled buses) and the private one (FIAT has decided on methane cars as a market target in the short term, and Centro Ricerche FIAT has already developed several generations of H2-fueled car prototypes). ... The first configuration (A in Figure 1) requires less water and air, produces a higher amount of hydrogen, but has a lower power generation at the turbine. ... Cannock landfill gas powering a small tubular solid oxide fuel cell - a case study ...

Samir Bensaid; Nunzio Russo; Debora Fino

2010-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

345

Industrial waste heat recovery and cogeneration involving organic Rankine cycles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes a systematic approach for energy integration involving waste heat recovery through an organic Rankine cycle (ORC). The proposed approach is based...

César Giovani Gutiérrez-Arriaga…

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Thermoelectrics Combined with Solar Concentration for Electrical and Thermal Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

756 13. Richmond, P. E. The Peltier effect. 1966 Phys. Educ.5 2.1.2. Peltier Effect ……………………….……………………… 6 2.1.3.the Seebeck Effect, Peltier Effect, and Thomson Effect,

Jackson, Philip Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Cogeneration System Size Optimization Constant Capacity and Constant Demand Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

known to the observer. Hence, the elements of W consists of the totality of outcomes that we associate with the states of nature Wj' Four basic outcomes are defined by the following relations: 1) Pc > Pd 2) Pc Hd 4) Hc Hd Where... and heat demand-there exist the following states of nature Wj: WI Hc > Hd and Pc > Pd w2 Hc > Hd and Pc Hd and Pc > Pd w4 Hc Hd and Pc < Pd where heat and electricity demands are expressed in power unit, i.e kWt and kWe, respectively...

Wong-Kcomt, J. B.; Turner, W. C.

348

Thermoelectrics Combined with Solar Concentration for Electrical and Thermal Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

13 2.2.2. Solar Thermal Versus Photovoltaic ..…………..…………doi:10.1038/nmat2090. 17. Solar Thermal Technology on anFigure 2.5: An eSolar solar thermal system in Burbank,

Jackson, Philip Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Thermoelectrics Combined with Solar Concentration for Electrical and Thermal Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the thermoelectric module, and the water cooling tubes. Tothermoelectric module, combined with the thermal power transferred by the water cooling

Jackson, Philip Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Thermoelectrics Combined with Solar Concentration for Electrical and Thermal Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

US energy flow trends for 2009. performed in 2002, energy usageU.S. Census Bureau has observed an average growth of 3 million people per year), energy usage

Jackson, Philip Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Comparative study of power and water cogeneration systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The performance of three combined systems using reverse osmosis to produce drinkable water and a Rankine cycle which produces mechanical power have been analyzed and compared. The RO subsystem incorporates a power recovery unit (a hydraulic turbine in the first two cases and a pressure exchange unit in the third case). The coupling between the RO and Rankine subsystems is only mechanical in the first case (the Rankine cycle provides mechanical power to the pumps of the RO subsystem), while in the two other cases the coupling is both mechanical and thermal (the heat rejected by the condenser of the Rankine cycle is transferred to the seawater). The minimum values of the Rankine cycle mass ratio for the three systems and the maximum operating temperature for the two last systems have been established. Energy and exergy efficiencies are also compared for identical entering parameters.

N. Bouzayani; N. Galanis; J. Orfi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Operating and Maintaining a 465MW Cogeneration Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was designed with the dispatching capability to operate as an integral part of the State electrical network and continue to provide steam to the chemical plant over the required range of 500,000 lb/hr (63 kg/s) to 1,150,000 lb/hr (145 kg/s). The steam flow... boilers. In operating as an integral part of the stat wide utility system, the plant has at times been dispatched by the electric companies to 45 percent (225~~) of design capacity. To accomplish this dispatching, deliver the required process steam...

Theisen, R. E.

353

The Effect of Variable Quality Fuels on Cogeneration Plant Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on system economic evaluation. The effects of the range of heating values, quantity delivered, process heat to power requirement and use of supplemental fuel will be illustrated and described. The relative economics of alternatives for a specific... and oil energy used by u. S. utilities and equivalent to 40% of the coal energy they consume. Since waste materials must be col lected and concentrated for disposal, this material can become a significant and viable energy source for valuable power...

Ahner, D. J.; Oliva, J. J.

354

Natural Gas Procurement Challenges for a Project Financed Cogeneration Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

these criteria as inconsistent with UCC project economics and normal procurement practice. A. TERM OF CONTRACT The trend in the industry was strongly moving away from long term fixed price contracts. Natural Gas prices had moved steadily upward through..., by 1986? the problem of long term take or pay contracts in the Industry was overwhelming. Most producers had written some contracts at very low prices that had not expired while consumers were replacing contract written at high prices. However...

Good, R. L.; Calvert, T. B.; Pavlish, B. A.

355

Technical and economic evaluations of cogeneration systems using computer simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

price increases over the next 25 years, which are more punitive than a constant escalation of 5'/o per year. For Texas ARM University, several sizes of gas turbines were modeled. However, none seemed feasible for meeting the current electric and steam.... system size without older gas turbine. . . . . . . NPV vs. gas price escalation with lines of constant electrical NPV vs 'lo change in O&M and Capital expenses. Page . . . . 2 13 . , 18 24 . ?60 . . 61 , , 64 . . 65 . . . 67 68 73 . . 74...

Fennell, Steven Rush

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

356

Advanced coal-fueled industrial cogeneration gas turbine system  

SciTech Connect

This report covers the activity during the period from 2 June 1991 to 1 June 1992. The major areas of work include: the combustor sub-scale and full size testing, cleanup, coal fuel specification and processing, the Hot End Simulation rig and design of the engine parts required for use with the coal-fueled combustor island. To date Solar has demonstrated: Stable and efficient combustion burning coal-water mixtures using the Two Stage Slagging Combustor; Molten slag removal of over 97% using the slagging primary and the particulate removal impact separator; and on-site preparation of CWM is feasible. During the past year the following tasks were completed: The feasibility of on-site CWM preparation was demonstrated on the subscale TSSC. A water-cooled impactor was evaluated on the subscale TSSC; three tests were completed on the full size TSSC, the last one incorporating the PRIS; a total of 27 hours of operation on CWM at design temperature were accumulated using candle filters supplied by Refraction through Industrial Pump Filter; a target fuel specification was established and a fuel cost model developed which can identify sensitivities of specification parameters; analyses of the effects of slag on refractory materials were conducted; and modifications continued on the Hot End Simulation Rig to allow extended test times.

LeCren, R.T.; Cowell, L.H.; Galica, M.A.; Stephenson, M.D.; When, C.S.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Chapter 11 - Co-Generation by Ethanol Fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Steam reforming of ethanol using plate-type alumite catalysts was performed at atmospheric pressure in the temperature range of 300–600°C under space velocity of 50,000 h?1 with the objective of developing a high-performance proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) systems. Alumite catalyst, which is prepared by anodic oxidation of aluminum plate, is advantageous for endothermic steam reforming reactions because of its excellent thermal conductivity. The method to increase durability of the alumite catalysts by preventing carbon formation was studied. The addition of Pt to Ni2Ce2 catalyst leads to satisfactory results in daily start and stop (DSS) tests with 20 cycles, and the conversion of ethanol is maintained at 100% with no observed depletion of the catalyst.

Hideo Kameyama

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Ecatepec Cogeneration Project, Mexico City. Final report. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

;Table of Contents: Introduction; Task 1 - System Selection and Interconnection; Task 2 - Economic and Financial Analysis; Task 3 - Environmental Issues, Permits, and Compliance; Task 4 - Preliminary Engineering Scope Book; Task 5 - Criteria for and Selection of EPC Contractor; Task 6 - Implement Financing Plan/Prepare Offering Memorandum; Appendices (Invoice History; Capital Cost Estimates; SEMIP Application; Application Supplement List; Development Agreement; CFE/LyFC Pricing Methodology; EPC Bid Specifications and Drawings; Environmental Information for Permits).

NONE

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Mexico's open door to cogeneration and independent power  

SciTech Connect

The Mexican Government recently reformed its laws governing the generation of electric energy. Notwithstanding its Constitutional monopoly on electric power service, the Mexican government authorized domestic and foreign firms to generate power for (1) private consumption, (2) for sale to the Commission Federal de Electricidad (CFE), and (3) for export. This restructuring of the generation of electric power in Mexico has far-reaching implications both for Mexican consumers and for firms desiring to tap the increasing demand for electric power in Mexico. To place this important legislative and political event in its proper historical context, Part 1 of this article provides a brief overview of the development of the electricity industry in Mexico over the past century. Part 2 of the article describes and analyzes the 1992 Amendment to the Law on the Public Service of Electric Power and its implementing regulations. Finally, Part 3 discusses the significance of the 1992 Amendment for American utility and independent power companies, especially in light of the passage by the US Congress of the Energy Policy Act of 1992.

Mathis, J.P. (Hogan Hartson, Washington, DC (United States)); Escobedo, M.S. (Noriega y Escobedo, Mexico City (Mexico))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Rankine and Brayton Cycle Cogeneration for Glass Melting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rankine cycle, b) an organic Rankine cycle, c) an indirectly heated positive pressure Brayton cycle and d) a directly heated subatmospheric Brayton cycle. For the specified flue gas temperatures considered, the organic Rankine cycle produced the most...

Hnat, J. G.; Patten, J. S.; Sheth, P. R.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ipt sri cogeneration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Chapter 6 - Alternative valorization routes (refinery, cogeneration, and rerefining residue)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Waste oil valorization in a refinery must be considered only after having done a complete feasibility evaluation. Wherever the waste oil is introduced, it should not modify the properties of the refinery products, or the normal operations or functions of the rerefining units. Most oil refineries are complex industrial sites characterized by a very large treated tonnage, a permanent operation of a continuous flow of products from desalination and atmospheric distillation upstream to the storage of finished products downstream passing through all the intermediate refining steps, and the necessity of adapting the units' operating conditions to the treated crude to maintain a good level of quality for the finished products. Other priorities include the need to increase the severity of operating conditions of hydrotreatment to produce gasoline, kerosene, and diesel oil from direct distillation or from thermal or catalytic cracking to comply with the standards for sulfur and aromatic compounds. These constraints provide a better understanding of the importance of alternative valorization routes.

François Audibert

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Cogeneration and Distributed Generation1 This appendix describes cogeneration and distributed generating resources. Also provided is an  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reinforcement, remote loads more economically served by small-scale generation than by distribution system. · Reliability upgrade for systems susceptible to outages. · Alternative to the expansion of transmission

363

Smartphone Security Limitations: Conflicting Traditions Nathaniel Husted  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International, Menlo Park saidi@csl.sri.com Ashish Gehani Computer Science Labratory SRI International, Menlo

Stehr, Mark-Oliver

364

Identification of the 2-Methylcitrate Pathway Involved in the Catabolism of Propionate in the Polyhydroxyalkanoate-Producing Strain Burkholderia sacchari IPT101T and Analysis of a Mutant Accumulating a Copolyester with Higher 3-Hydroxyvalerate Content  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil Burkholderia sacchari...polyesters as carbon and energy storage compounds from renewable carbon sources. The...can be obtained from renewable resources, commercial...sugarcane plantation in Brazil, and a polyphasic...

C. O. Brämer; L. F. Silva; J. G. C. Gomez; H. Priefert; A. Steinbüchel

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Past, Current and Future Trends in Tobacco Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden SwitzerlandSpain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden SwitzerlandSpain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland

Guindon, G. Emmanuel; Boisclair, David

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Microsoft Word - Sri_Lanka_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lanka Lanka Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, DNI-method, GHI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The

367

SRY represses a negative regulator of male development. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ligand interaction demonstrated in Brassica self-incompatibility Noni (V.E.) Franklin-Tong There are very few. The self-incompatibility (SI) system, which involves the recognition and rejection of `self' pollen) in most plants (Fig. 1). Self-incompatibility (SI) is one of the most widespread of mechanisms used

Bhattacharyya, Madan Kumar

368

From Kovils to Devales: Patronage and "Influence" at Buddhist and Hindu Temples in Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

evidence of South Indian influence and points out numerousrhetoric of “South Indian influence”—his point about theof South Indian presence, the moldings point to a local

Meegama, Sujatha Arundathi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

The Indian Ocean tsunami of December 26, 2004: observations in Sri Lanka and Thailand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

On December 26, 2004 a great earthquake (M W 9.3) occurred off the western coast of Sumatra triggering a series of tsunami waves that propagated across the Indian Ocean causing damage and life los...

T. Rossetto; N. Peiris; A. Pomonis; S. M. Wilkinson; D. Del Re; R. Koo…

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Modelling energy-economy interactions in small developing countries : a case study of Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report is addressed at modelling energy-economy interactions in small developing countries, those with populations less than 20 million or so and where neither the industrial or energy sectors are dominant. The overall ...

Blitzer, Charles R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Feasibility of an appliance energy testing and labeling program for Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U.S. DOE, must satisfy the AHAM pull down testUS DOE, ANSI/AHAM HRF-1-1998 uses door openings for variableenergy consumption ref. ANSI/AHAM HRF-1-1998 seems to be

Biermayer, Peter; Busch, John; Hakim, Sajid; Turiel, Issac; du Pont, Peter; Stone, Chris

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

On P vs. NP and Geometric Complexity Theory Dedicated to Sri Ramakrishna  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. It is generally believed that resolution of this self referential paradox is the root di#culty underneath this problem; cf. the survey [2] and the references therein. A formal strategy of GCT to resolve this self, that are easy to verify and construct. Section 2 explains in what sense an explicit proof resolves the self

Mulmuley, Ketan

373

On P vs. NP and Geometric Complexity Theory Dedicated to Sri Ramakrishna  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

problems focussing on its main complexity theoretic results. These are: (1) two concrete lower bounds. determinant problems, (2) the Flip Theorem, which formalizes the self referential paradox in the P vs. NP. determinant problems into subproblems without self referen- tial difficulty, consisting of positivity

Mulmuley, Ketan

374

U-Sries Disequilibra in Soils, Pena Blanca Natural Analog, Chihuahua, Mexico  

SciTech Connect

The Nopal I uranium deposit located in the Sierra Pena Blanca, Mexico. The deposit was mined in the early 1980s, and ore was stockpiled close by. This stockpile area was cleared and is now referred to as the Prior High Grade Stockpile (PHGS). Some of the high-grade boulders from the site rolled downhill when it was cleared in the 1990s. For this study soil samples were collected from the alluvium surrounding and underlying one of these boulders. A bulk sample of the boulder was also collected. Because the Prior High Grade Stockpile had no ore prior to the 1980s a maximum residence time for the boulder is about 25 years, this also means that the soil was at background as well. The purpose of this study is to characterize the transport of uranium series radionuclides from ore to the soil. Transport is characterized by determining the activities of individual radionuclides and daughter to parent ratios. Isotopes of the uranium series decay chain detected include {sup 210}Pb, {sup 234}U, {sup 230}Th, {sup 226}Ra, {sup 214}Pb, and {sup 214}Bi. Peak areas for each isotope are determined using gamma-ray spectroscopy with a Canberra Ge (Li) detector and GENIE 2000 software. The boulder sample is close to secular equilibrium when compared to the standard BL-5 (Beaver Lodge Uraninite from Canada). Results for the soils, however, indicate that some daughter/parent pairs are in secular disequilibrium. These daughter/parent (D/P) ratios include {sup 230}Th/{sup 234}U, which is greater than unity, {sup 226}Ra/{sup 230}Th, which is also greater than unity, and {sup 210}Pb/{sup 214}Bi, which is less than unity. The gamma-ray spectrum for organic material lacks {sup 230}Th peaks, but contains {sup 234}U and {sup 226}Ra, indicating that plants preferentially incorporate {sup 226}Ra. Our results, combined with previous studies require multistage history of mobilization of the uranium series radionuclides. Earlier studies at the ore zone could limit the time span for mobilization only to a few thousand years. The contribution of this study is that the short residence time of the ore at the Prior High Grade Stockpile requires a time span for mobilization of 20-30 years.

D. French; E. Anthony; P. Goodell

2006-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

375

From Kovils to Devales: Patronage and "Influence" at Buddhist and Hindu Temples in Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anniversary of the University of Groningen, 5-8 March 1989.Groningen Oriental Studies Vol. VI, edited by HansBakker. 219-233. Groningen: E. Forsten, 1992. Paranavitana,

Meegama, Sujatha Arundathi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Effect of SRI methods on water use, NPS pollution discharge, and GHG emission in Korean trials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A field experiment with a locally-bred Japonica rice cultivar was conducted in 2011 to measure the effect of paddy irrigation management in Korea on rice yield, water use, NPS pollution discharge, and greenhouse ...

Joongdae Choi; Gunyeob Kim; Woonji Park; Minhwan Shin…

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Drivers of Green Market Orientation of the Hotel Sector in Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Literature has identified drivers that induce firms to adopt green marketing initiatives. However, it is significant to specifically identify the drivers of green marketing initiatives in the hospitality indus...

G. D. Samarasinghe; F. J. Ahsan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Easy e-Money Syndrome: Challenges of Risk Management in Credit Card Industry in Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of plastic money as a value of the currency is transferred from the credit of the buyer or the beneficiary through cyber space. The volume of utilizing credit cards and the risk incurred, has consi...

A. R. Waidyalankara; Helan Gamage

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

When Relief Comes from a Different Culture: Sri Lanka’s Experience of the Asian Tsunami  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many disasters involve international assistance and bring together different cultures that might otherwise have limited or difficult interactions. The ethical issues raised by disasters can be seen from differ...

Athula Sumathipala

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Collective trauma in northern Sri Lanka: a qualitative psychosocial-ecological study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Complex situations that follow war and natural disasters have a psychosocial impact on not only the individual but also on the family, community and society. Just as the mental health effects on the individual...

Daya Somasundaram

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ipt sri cogeneration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Mapping mental health finances in Ghana, Uganda, Sri Lanka, India and Lao PDR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Limited evidence about mental health finances in low and middle-income countries is a key challenge to mental health care policy initiatives. This study aimed to map mental health finances in Ghana, Uganda, In...

Shoba Raja; Sarah K Wood; Victoria de Menil…

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Evaluation of Large Volume SrI2(Eu) Scintillator Detectors  

SciTech Connect

There is an ever increasing demand for gamma-ray detectors which can achieve good energy resolution, high detection efficiency, and room-temperature operation. We are working to address each of these requirements through the development of large volume SrI{sub 2}(Eu) scintillator detectors. In this work, we have evaluated a variety of SrI{sub 2} crystals with volumes >10 cm{sup 3}. The goal of this research was to examine the causes of energy resolution degradation for larger detectors and to determine what can be done to mitigate these effects. Testing both packaged and unpackaged detectors, we have consistently achieved better resolution with the packaged detectors. Using a collimated gamma-ray source, it was determined that better energy resolution for the packaged detectors is correlated with better light collection uniformity. A number of packaged detectors were fabricated and tested and the best spectroscopic performance was achieved for a 3% Eu doped crystal with an energy resolution of 2.93% FWHM at 662keV. Simulations of SrI{sub 2}(Eu) crystals were also performed to better understand the light transport physics in scintillators and are reported. This study has important implications for the development of SrI{sub 2}(Eu) detectors for national security purposes.

Sturm, B W; Cherepy, N J; Drury, O B; Thelin, P A; Fisher, S E; Magyar, A F; Payne, S A; Burger, A; Boatner, L A; Ramey, J O; Shah, K S; Hawrami, R

2010-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

383

The SRI/OGI 2006 Spoken Term Detection System Dimitra Vergyri1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Broadcast News (BN), Conversational Tele- phone Speech (CTS), and Conference Meetings (MTG). The system created and digitally stored daily. Since information processing has become a primary eco- nomic activity: indexing and searching. The au- dio data is processed once during the indexing phase, without knowledge

Shafran, Izhak

384

The energy sector in Sri Lanka is currently a hotbed of activity and change. A reform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the new reformed electricity struc- ture, private sector power developers will attempt to recover is underway in the power sector, and the debt-ridden state-owned electricity utility - the Ceylon Electricity of the electricity sector in this small island country in South Asia. The country's current installed power capacity

Kammen, Daniel M.

385

Income inequality, welfare and poverty in a developing economy with applications to Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper explores how the behaviour of welfare, income inequality and poverty changes during the course of a country's economic development. the analysis is based on Kuznet's model of sectorial dualism. The ...

N. Kakwani

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Income Inequality, Welfare and Poverty in a Developing Economy with Applications to Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper explores how the behaviour of welfare, income inequality and poverty changes during the course of a country’s economic development. The analysis is based on Kuznet’s model of sectorial dualism. The ...

N. Kakwani

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

High energy resolution inelastic x-ray scattering at the SRI-CAT  

SciTech Connect

This report is a combination of vugraphs and two papers. The vugraphs give information on the beamline at the APS for IXS and the science addressable by IXS. They also cover the 10 milli-eV resolution spectrometer and the 200 milli-eV resolution spectrometer. The first paper covers the performance of the focusing Ge(444) backscattering analyzers for the inelastic x-ray scattering. The second paper discusses inelastic x-ray scattering from TiC and Ti single crystals.

Macrander, A.T.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

A feasibility study of Increasing Small Scale Solar Power in Sri Lanka.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The following report is conducted as a feasibility study, aimed to objectively uncover the advantages and challenges of increasing the amount of small scale… (more)

Hagmar, Hannes

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Thailand's downstream projects proliferate  

SciTech Connect

Thailand continues to press expansion and modernization of its downstream sector. Among recent developments: Construction of an olefins unit at Thailand's second major petrochemical complex and a worldscale aromatics unit in Thailand is threatened by rising costs. Thailand's National Petrochemical Corp (NPC) let a 9 billion yen contract to Mitsui Engineering and Shipbuilding Co. and C. Itoh and Co. for a dual fuel cogeneration power plant at its Mab Ta Phud, Rayong province, petrochemical complex. Financing is in place to flash a green light for a $530 million Belgian-Thai joint venture sponsoring a worldscale polyvinyl chloride/vinyl chloride monomer plant in Thailand. Work is more than 50% complete on the $345 million second phase expansion of Thai Oil's Sri Racha refinery in Chon Buri province. Petroleum Authority of Thailand (PTT) endorsed a plan to install two more natural gas processing plants in Thailand to meet rapidly growing domestic demand for petroleum gas.

Not Available

1991-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

390

Coyote Springs Cogeneration Project - Final Environmental Impact Statement and Record of Decision (DOE/EIS-0201)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(152K) (152K) 1. 2. 3. S.l S.2 S.3 S.4 S.5 S.6 S.7 Table of Contents Page Purpose and Need ...................................................................................................................... S-1 Proposed Action ............................................................................................................................ S-2 No Action Alternative .................................................................................................................... S-2 Affected Environment .................................................................................................................... S-3 Environmental Consequences ........................................................................................................ S-6

391

Record of Decision: York County Energy Partners Cogeneration Facility, York County, Pennsylvania  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

37 37 Federal Register / Vol. 60, No. 161 / Monday, August 21, 1995 / Notices the 6-acre parcel for sale on a competitive basis to the private sector for industrial development similar to that in the surrounding Fort Holabird Industrial Park. It is anticipated up to three industrial/manufacturing operations could be located on the property, associated parking facilities, and infrastructure. Access to the facility would be through the Fort Holabird Industrial Park on South Road. Alternative 2 is to offer the 6-acre parcel for sale on a competitive bid basis to the private sector for development into a low density housing (4 units per acre) development, similar to that adjacent to the site. Under this alternative, approximately 24 homes and associated infrastructure would be

392

The Current and Future Marketplace for Waste-To-Energy Cogeneration Facilities in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

control systems. The more sophisticated control systems provide plant operators with ~tate-of-the-art monitoring and control capabilities. It also appears that fluidized bed incineration tech nology will find wider ap"lication within the waste...

Jacobs, S.

393

Co-generation of electricity and heat from combustion of wood powder utilizing thermophotovoltaic conversion  

SciTech Connect

The development of a thermophotovoltaic converter that uses combustion of wood powder as energy source has started with development of the combustion source. During the last few months, we have constructed and tested a feeding mechanism and a combustion chamber that seem very promising. We manage to keep a 10 kW flame steadily burning for several minutes at the time, generating a temperature exceeding 1400 K. The plans for continued development of this and other components of the converter are discussed in the paper. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

Broman, L. [Solar Energy Research Center, University College of Falun/Borlaenge, P.O. Box 10044, S-781 10 Borlaenge, Sweden, Phone +46 2437 3747, fax 3750, e-mail lbratt.hfb.se (Sweden); Marks, J. [Department of Operational Efficiency, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences S-776 98 Garpenberg, Sweden, Phone +46 2252 6068, fax 2162 (Sweden)

1995-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

394

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmospheric fluidized-bed cogeneration...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mathematics 34 Reproducedwith pennissionfrom ElsevierPergamon Biomass and Bioenerg..' Vol: 10, :os 2-3, pp..149-l66, 1996 Summary: ) in Chicago, with which extensive...

395

Production Cost Modeling of Cogenerators in an Interconnected Electric Supply System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Optimal State Electricity Supply System in Texas (OSEST) research project is part of the continuing Public Utility Commission of Texas (PUCT) effort to identify possible improvements in the production, transmission, and use of electricity...

Ragsdale, K.

396

Combined heat and power (CHP or cogeneration) for saving energy and carbon in commercial buildings  

SciTech Connect

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) systems simultaneously deliver electric, thermal and mechanical energy services and thus use fuel very efficiently. Today's small-scale CHP systems already provide heat, cooling and electricity at nearly twice the fuel efficiency of heat and power based on power remote plants and onsite hot water and space heating. In this paper, the authors have refined and extended the assessments of small-scale building CHP previously done by the authors. They estimate the energy and carbon savings for existing small-scale CHP technology such as reciprocating engines and two promising new CHP technologies--microturbines and fuel cells--for commercial buildings. In 2010 the authors estimate that small-scale CHP will emit 14--65% less carbon than separate heat and power (SHP) depending on the technologies compared. They estimate that these technologies in commercial buildings could save nearly two-thirds of a quadrillion Btu's of energy and 23 million tonnes of carbon.

Kaarsberg, T.; Fiskum, R.; Romm, J.; Rosenfeld, A.; Koomey, J.; Teagan, W.P.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Coyote Springs Cogeneration Project, Morrow County, Oregon: Draft Environmental Impact Statement.  

SciTech Connect

BPA is considering whether to transfer (wheel) electrical power from a proposed privately-owned, combustion-turbine electrical generation plant in Oregon. The plant would be fired by natural gas and would use combined-cycle technology to generate up to 440 average megawatts (aMW) of energy. The plant would be developed, owned, and operated by Portland General Electric Company (PGE). The project would be built in eastern Oregon, just east of the City of Boardman in Morrow County. The proposed plant would be built on a site within the Port of Morrow Industrial Park. The proposed use for the site is consistent with the County land use plan. Building the transmission line needed to interconnect the power plant to BPA`s transmission system would require a variance from Morrow County. BPA would transfer power from the plant to its McNary-Slatt 500-kV transmission line. PGE would pay BPA for wheeling services. Key environmental concerns identified in the scoping process and evaluated in the draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) include these potential impacts: (1) air quality impacts, such as emissions and their contributions to the {open_quotes}greenhouse{close_quotes} effect; (2) health and safety impacts, such as effects of electric and magnetic fields, (3) noise impacts, (4) farmland impacts, (5) water vapor impacts to transportation, (6) economic development and employment impacts, (7) visual impacts, (8) consistency with local comprehensive plans, and (9) water quality and supply impacts, such as the amount of wastewater discharged, and the source and amount of water required to operate the plant. These and other issues are discussed in the DEIS. The proposed project includes features designed to reduce environmental impacts. Based on studies completed for the DEIS, adverse environmental impacts associated with the proposed project were identified, and no evidence emerged to suggest that the proposed action is controversial.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Control Engineering Practice 10 (2002) 615624 Stabilizer design for industrial co-generation systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, whose quantity (measured by its flow rate) and quality (measured by its pressure and temperature) play boilers, three CO-type boilers and two once-through steam generators (OTSG). The header system includes receives steam from the boiler system and then distributes the steam for three different usages: (i

Marquez, Horacio J.

399

Are distributed energy technologies a viable alternative for institutional settings? : lessons from MIT Cogeneration Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the last decades, distributed energy (DE) resources received considerable attention and support because of the confluence of technology development - particularly gas turbines - and deregulation - which would allow ...

Tapia-Ahumada, Karen de los Angeles

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Sweet-Talking the Climate? Evaluating Sugar Mill Cogeneration and Climate Change Financing in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

some argue that climate projects have the potential to design,  projects  that  bring  about  climate  benefits support  climate  change  mitigation  in  India,  projects 

Ranganathan, Malini; Haya, Barbara; Kirpekar, Sujit

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ipt sri cogeneration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Energy Conservation and Cogeneration in Bottom-of-the-Barrel Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Also many of today's crudes are heavier and contain more sulfur and metals than crudes available five or ten years ago and, therefore, are available at a lower cost than lighter crudes. Most of these heavier crudes require either the addition...

Fleming, J. B.; Chang, C. P.; Pierce, V. E.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Cogeneration in the U.S. : an economic and technical analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traditionally, only space heating and transportation have consumed more fuel than industrial process steam generation. Several recent studies have examined electricity and industrial steam supply and have recommended ...

Pickel, Frederick H.

403

The adoption of cogeneration in the Japanese manufacturing sector: technological, economic and institutional determinants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Combined heat and power (CHP) has been identified by the Second and Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change as a powerful carbon abating technology. In this paper, we review trends and overall changes in power generation technologies insofar as these affect industrial CHP in Japan; we also propose an empirical model for the analysis of CHP adoption based on time series cross-sectional (panel) data. This is followed by a discussion on current energy policy targets towards CHP and the changes in steam capacity (process heat) that have occurred during the period 1985-1998. Site information on 1500 CHP sites was gathered and combined with industrial statistics for a 14 year span during which Japanese power markets underwent deregulation. Based on the panel regression, we found that an increase in the probabilities of installing new CHP will be linked with a unit increase in purchased power, industrial production and consumption of self-generated power, while a unit increase in non-CHP boiler steam capacity will decrease the probability of adding CHP for the 7 industries. The fixed effects model showed that CHP faces increasing returns to scale over the period 1985-1998. Empirical work on CHP on cross sectional studies carried elsewhere confirms some of our findings. Additionally, it is found that adoptions of CHP are linked to the small to medium size industrial plants since the latter account for the mass of steam capacity retired.

David Bonilla; Atsushi Akisawa; Takao Kashiwagi

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Combined Heat and Power (CHP), also known as cogeneration, is the concurrent production of electricity or  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

movers or technology types, which include: Reciprocating Engines Combustion or Gas Turbines Steam systems can provide the following products: Electricity Direct mechanical drive Steam or hot water, integrated systems that consist of various components ranging from prime mover (heat engine), generator

405

Backpressure Steam Cogeneration: A History and Review of the "Cheapest Power You'll Never Buy"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The use of backpressure steam turbines to make low-cost electricity is a well established technology with a long and illustrious history and a value that became lost as industry switched from home-grown power generation to centralized utility power...

Geoffroy-Michaels, E.

406

SEP Success Story: Biomass Burner Cogenerates Jobs and Electricity from Lumber Mill Waste  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A dedicated group of small business owners are using a $771,000 Recovery Act grant from the Energy Department’s State Energy Program and $4 million from the U.S. Forest Service to purchase the shuttered Springdale Lumber timber mill and install a combined heat and power (CHP) system. Learn more.

407

Key technologies and the implementation of wind, PV and storage co-generation monitoring system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At present, some achievements and application practices have been realized in renewable energy generation monitoring. Reference [8, 9] analyzes the technical requirements about wind power integrating into the gri...

Xianliang TENG; Zonghe GAO; Yingyuan ZHANG…

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Municipal District Heating and Cooling Co-generation System Feasibility Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In summer absorption refrigerating machines provide cold water using excess heat from municipal thermoelectric power plant through district heating pipelines, which reduces peak electric load from electricity networks in summer. The paper simulates...

Zhang, W.; Guan, W.; Pan, Y.; Ding, G.; Song, X.; Zhang, Y.; Li, Y.; Wei, H.; He, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

A novel 2kWe biomass-organic rankine cycle micro cogeneration system.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Energy is potentially at the hub of modern civilization and right from Industrial Revolution, technology has refined and redefined the way we use energy; but… (more)

Daminabo, Ferdinand Frank Oko

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Commercialization of coal-fired diesel engines for cogeneration and non-utility power markets  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of this METC project is to established practical, durable components compatible with clean coal slurry fuel and capable of low emissions. The components will be integrated into a coal power system for a 100-hr proof-of-concept test. The goal of this program is to advance the stationary coal-fueled diesel engine to the next plateau of technological readiness, and thus provide the springboard to commercialization.

Wilson, R.P.; Rao, K.; Benedek, K.R.; Itse, D.; Parkinson, J.; Kimberley, J.; Balles, E.N.; Benson, C.E.; Smith, C.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Commercialization of coal-fired diesel engines for cogeneration and non-utility power markets  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of this METC project is to established practical, durable components compatible with clean coal slurry fuel and capable of low emissions. The components will be integrated into a coal power system for a 100-hr proof-of-concept test. The goal of this program is to advance the stationary coal-fueled diesel engine to the next plateau of technological readiness, and thus provide the springboard to commercialization.

Wilson, R.P.; Rao, K.; Benedek, K.R.; Itse, D.; Parkinson, J.; Kimberley, J.; Balles, E.N.; Benson, C.E.; Smith, C.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

412

High Energy Utilization, Co-Generation Nuclear power Plants With Static Energy Conversion  

SciTech Connect

In addition to being cost effective, very small nuclear power plants with static energy conversion could meet the needs and the energy mix in underdeveloped countries and remote communities, which may include electricity, residential and industrial space heating, seawater desalination, and/or high temperature process heat or steam for industrial uses. These plants are also an attractive option in naval, marine, and undersea applications, when the absence of a sound signature is highly desirable. An Analysis is performed of Gas Cooled Reactor (CGR) and Liquid Metal Cooled Reactor (LMR), very small nuclear power plants with static energy conversion, using a combination of options. These include Alkali Metal Thermal-to-Electric Converters (AMTECs) and both single segment and segmented thermoelectric converters. The total energy utilization of these plants exceeds 88%. It includes the fraction of the reactor's thermal power converted into electricity and delivered to the Grid at 6.6 kVA and those used for residential and industrial space heating at {approx}370 K, seawater desalination at 400 K, and/or high temperature process heat or steam at {approx}850 K. In addition to its inherently high reliability, modularity, low maintenance and redundancy, static energy conversion used in the present study could deliver electricity to the Grid at a net efficiency of 29.5%. A LMR plant delivers 2-3 times the fraction of the reactor thermal power converted into electricity in a GCR plant, but could not provide for both seawater desalination and high temperature process heat/steam concurrently, which is possible in GCR plants. The fraction of the reactor's thermal power used for non-electrical power generation in a GCR plant is {approx} 10 - 15% higher than in a LMR plant. (authors)

El-Genk, Mohamed S.; Tournier, Jean-Michel P. [Institute for Space and Nuclear Power Studies and Chemical and Nuclear Engineering Department, The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

The Design and Development of An Externally Fired Steam Injected Gas Turbine for Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-04-86 Proceedings from the Third Industrial Energy Technology Conference Houston, TX, April 26-29, 1981 CONCEPT FEASIBILITY AND PROBLEM AREAS Based on the test runs, it is felt that the concept is technica11 y feasible. The turbine was made to self sustain though.... These calculations show the speed required for self sustaining conditions to be ob This paper is based on a research project cu tained. These calcu lations resul ted in the curves rently being conducted by Boyce Engineering Inte presented in Figure 18...

Boyce, M. P.; Meher-Homji, C.; Ford, D.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced technology cogeneration Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to provide... , and net metering technology is available. The ... Source: California Energy Commission Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 2 The Potential...

415

Constructing the Russian combined-cycle cogeneration plant and mastering its operation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main results obtained from the development, construction, mastering, and operation of the PGU-450T combined-cycle power plant are described.

P. A. Berezinets; V. M. Grinenko; I. V. Dolinin; V. N. Kondrat’ev…

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Use of High Temperature Electrochemical Cells for Co-Generation of Chemicals and Electricity  

SciTech Connect

In this project, two key issues were addressed to show the feasibility of electrochemical partial oxidation (EPOx) in a SOFC. First, it was demonstrated that SOFCs can reliably operate directly with natural gas. These results are relevant to both direct-natural-gas SOFCs, where the aim is solely electrical power generation, and to EPOx. Second, it must be shown that SOFCs can work effectively as partial oxidation reactors, i.e, that they can provide high conversion efficiency of natural gas to syngas. The results of this study in both these areas look extremely promising. The main results are summarized briefly: (1) Stability and coke-free direct-methane SOFC operation is promoted by the addition of a thin porous inert barrier layer to the anode and the addition of small amounts of CO{sub 2} or air to the fuel stream; (2) Modeling results readily explained these improvements by a change in the gas composition at the Ni-YSZ anode to a non-coking condition; (3) The operation range for coke-free operation is greatly increased by using a cell geometry with a thin Ni-YSZ anode active layer on an inert porous ceramic support, i.e., (Sr,La)TiO{sub 3} or partially-stabilized zirconia (in segmented-in-series arrays); (4) Ethane and propane components in natural gas greatly increase coking both on the SOFC anode and on gas-feed tubes, but this can be mitigated by preferentially oxidizing these components prior to introduction into the fuel cell, the addition of a small amount of air to the fuel, and/or the use of ceramic-supported SOFC; (5) While a minimum SOFC current density was generally required to prevent coking, current interruptions of up to 8 minutes yielded only slight anode coking that caused no permanent damage and was completely reversible when the cell current was resumed; (6) Stable direct-methane SOFC operation was demonstrated under EPOx conditions in a 350 h test; (7) EPOx operation was demonstrated at 750 C that yielded 0.9 W/cm{sup 2} and a syngas production rate of 30 sccm/cm{sup 2}, and the reaction product composition was close to the equilibrium prediction during the early stages of cell testing; (8) The methane conversion to syngas continuously decreased during the first 100 h of cell testing, even though the cell electrical characteristics did not change, due to a steady decrease in the reforming activity of Ni-YSZ anodes; (9) The stability of methane conversion was substantially improved via the addition of a more stable reforming catalyst to the SOFC anode; (10) Modeling results indicated that a SOFC with anode barrier provides similar non-coking performance as an internal reforming SOFC, and provides a simpler approach with no need for a high-temperature exhaust-gas recycle pump; (11) Since there is little or no heat produced in the EPOx reaction, overall efficiency of the SOFC operated in this mode can, in theory, approach 100%; and (12) The combined value of the electricity and syngas produced allows the EPOx generator to be economically viable at a >2x higher cost/kW than a conventional SOFC.

Scott Barnett

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

417

Modeling and Control of Co-generation Power Plants: A Hybrid System Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cycle is driven by some fossil fuel (usually natural gas) and produces electric power via expansion of the gas turbine and generates both electricity and steam for the industrial processes. Clearly, the liberalization of the energy market has promoted the need of operating CCPPs in the most efficient way

Ferrari-Trecate, Giancarlo

418

Simulation and optimization of cogeneration power plant operation using an Energy Optimization Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . 44 Significance of the work General procedures. MAVM for boiler ?11 . . 44 . . 45 . . 46 V OPTIMIZATION ALGORITHM RESEARCH 75 Introduction Equal incremental cost load dispatching Example of equal incremental cost load dispatching...) equipment models. 90 90 91 VII CASE STUDIES . . . . . . 93 Case study I: Power plant operational cost savings potential evaluation . . . . . . 93 Case study 2: Impact of basic utility rates on power plant load dispatching . 97 VIII SUMMARY...

Zhou, Jijun

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Computer-Aided Design Reveals Potential of Gas Turbine Cogeneration in Chemical and Petrochemical Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UN(, RAil U\\/ : ,~, ~. I I V> z. _I 'io~ , a.0llt I I~ 5>-c I I ~ I 0 z. _I 'io~ , a.0llt I I~ 5>-c I I ~ I 0

Nanny, M. D.; Koeroghlian, M. M.; Baker, W. J.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Cogeneration System Analysis Summary Reports for Austin State Hospital, Austin, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and 1.3 MW. For at least one scenario of fuel price escalation, a larger size (1.3 MW) would be preferred based upon this analysis, if no standby power charges occurred. The gas turbine system could be installed at one of various sites at the hospital... cost escalation above inflation, the 1.0 MW (1000kW) system shows an NPV from 1.0 million dollars to 1.8 million dollars depending on the standby charge. The other curve shown in each graph is for the case when the escalation rates for electricity...

Turner, W. D.; Murphy, W. E.; Hartman, R.; Heffington, W. M.; Bolander, J. N.; Propp, A. D.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ipt sri cogeneration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Sensitivity Analysis of Factors Effecting the Financial Viability of Cogeneration Projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

demand and an energy charge? Is the price based on PURPA? What is the projected rate of increase in the price of electricity? Does the term of the electric contract extend throughout the period of repayment of the financing? o Projected operating... costs reasonable? Is there a fixed price contract for the construction of the project? What party is responsible for paying construction over-runs? o Permits Have all required permits and licenses necessary to construct and operate the Project...

Clunie, J. F.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Selection of Optimal Heating Structures for Modernization of Coal-Fired Power Stations to Cogeneration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter presents the methodology of analyzing the technical and economic efficiency of conversion of conventional coal-fired electric power stations to: (a)...

Ryszard Bartnik; Zbigniew Buryn

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Advanced coal-fueled industrial cogeneration gas turbine system. Annual report, June 1991--June 1992  

SciTech Connect

This report covers the activity during the period from 2 June 1991 to 1 June 1992. The major areas of work include: the combustor sub-scale and full size testing, cleanup, coal fuel specification and processing, the Hot End Simulation rig and design of the engine parts required for use with the coal-fueled combustor island. To date Solar has demonstrated: Stable and efficient combustion burning coal-water mixtures using the Two Stage Slagging Combustor; Molten slag removal of over 97% using the slagging primary and the particulate removal impact separator; and on-site preparation of CWM is feasible. During the past year the following tasks were completed: The feasibility of on-site CWM preparation was demonstrated on the subscale TSSC. A water-cooled impactor was evaluated on the subscale TSSC; three tests were completed on the full size TSSC, the last one incorporating the PRIS; a total of 27 hours of operation on CWM at design temperature were accumulated using candle filters supplied by Refraction through Industrial Pump & Filter; a target fuel specification was established and a fuel cost model developed which can identify sensitivities of specification parameters; analyses of the effects of slag on refractory materials were conducted; and modifications continued on the Hot End Simulation Rig to allow extended test times.

LeCren, R.T.; Cowell, L.H.; Galica, M.A.; Stephenson, M.D.; When, C.S.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

The Potential of Distributed Cogeneration in Commercial Sites in the Greater Vancouver  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

turbine - CCGT). This study examines one possibility from these recent trends in technological development-site, heating boiler) and another combustion technology to produce electricity (an off-site, combined cycle gas in order to honor commitments under the Kyoto Protocol, an international agreement to reduce greenhouse gas

425

New Hydrodesulfurization Catalyst for Petroleum-Fed Fuel Cell Vehicles and Cogenerations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Petroleum fractions are hydrodesulfurized using conventional Co(Ni)?Mo/Al2O3 catalysts in the refinery; however, gasoline or kerosene still contains 30?70 wt ppm of residual sulfur. ... Therefore, CDSC-2 is considered as operable for 1 year sufficiently under the practical LHSV (0.25 h-1). ...

Kinya Tawara; Takeshi Nishimura; Hikoichi Iwanami; Tokuyoshi Nishimoto; Takashi Hasuike

2001-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

426

Communication protocols, queuing and scheduling delay analysis in CANDU SCWR hydrogen co-generation model.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Industrial dynamical, Networked Control Systems (NCSs) are controlled over a communication network. We study a continuous-time CANada Deuterium Uranium-Super Critical Water Reactor (CANDU-SCWR) hydrogen plant… (more)

Ahmed, Fayyaz

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Iron-Air Rechargeable Battery for Grid-Scale Energy Storage - Sri Narayan, USC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Storage Storage Lead: University of Southern California, Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute Sub-Awardee: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology ARPA-E GRIDS Program Advantages of the Iron-Air Battery * Extremely Low Cost Materials * Environmentally friendly * Abundant raw materials all over the world * High Theoretical Specific Energy, 764 Wh/kg * Iron electrode is robust to cycling Desired Characteristic State-of-Art Performance Target Round trip energy efficiency 50% 80% Cycle life, cycles 1000-2000 5000 Year Key Milestones & Deliverables Year 1 *Complete design of iron electrode *Demonstrate feasibility bi-functional air electrode materials Year 2 *Complete selection of additives and catalysts *Complete characterization of CO

428

Field Survey of Tsunami Effects in Sri Lanka due to the Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake of December 26, 2004  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The December 26, 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake that registered a...M w) of 9.1 was one of the largest earthquakes in the world since 1900. The devastating tsunami that resulted from this earthquak...

Shusaku Inoue; Anil C. Wijeyewickrema…

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Field Survey of Tsunami Effects in Sri Lanka due to the Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake of December 26, 2004  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The December 26, 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake that registered a...M w ) of 9.1 was one of the largest earthquakes in the world since 1900. The devastating tsu...

Shusaku Inoue; Anil C. Wijeyewickrema; Hiroyuki Matsumoto…

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

A study of the factors affecting the sustainability of community managed rural water supply schemes in Sri Lanka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Disparities in water supply coverage in urban and rural areas are high in developing countries, with rural coverage being much lower. The inability of governments to provide the service because of resource constraints, and ...

Amerasinghe, Nishanthi Manjula

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

CLASSIFICAES DOS EXAMES, SRIES E CLASSIFICAO FINAL N Nome Exame 1 2 3 4 5 6 Mdia srie Mdia final  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

43872 RODRIGO DELGADO 10 15 15 16 7.7 10 43894 JOÃ?O MIGUEL FERREIRA ANTUNES 11 18 15 5.5 10 45103 BRUNO MIGUEL CARDOSO CHEGANÃ?AS 14 15 17 13 16 18 15 15.7 14 45140 FILIPE MIGUEL FRASQUILHO VARANDA 15 18 17 16 JOSÃ? VALENTE TORMENTA DOS SANTOS 14 18 15 16 16 16 16 16.2 15 46446 ANA RITA HENRIQUES HONÃ?RIO 15 16 17

Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

432

Establishment of a quality system at the Nuclear Analytical Laboratories of the Atomic Energy Authority, Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A quality system according to the requirements of ISO/ ... at the Nuclear Analytical Laboratories of the Atomic Energy Authority, which has received appreciation from International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) ins...

M. C. Shirani Seneviratne

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Landscape-based conservation approaches in the developing world : the case for managed elephant ranges in Sri Lanka.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??While establishing protected areas (PAs) has helped conserve the Earth?s diminishing biodiversity, the ?traditional? view of conservation underlying this approach? perceiving nature as static, and… (more)

Kalpage, Sanjay

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Optimization of the performance ofdown-draft biomass gasifier installedat National Engineering Research &Development (NERD) Centre ofSri Lanka.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Using biomass gasification to produce combustible gas is one of the promising sustainable energy optionsavailable for many countries. At present, a few small scale… (more)

Gunarathne, Duleeka

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Secondary state formation during the early iron age on the island of Sri Lanka : the evolution of a periphery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

socio-political and economic process during early historica major socio- economic and political process that isthe socio-economic and political process in the hinterlands.

Karunaratne, Priyantha Padmalal

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

English in South Asia – Ambinormative Orientations and the Role of Corpora: The State of the Debate in Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In South Asia, just as in all other postcolonial contexts with emergent institutionalised second-language varieties of English, speakers’ orientations towards standards and their attitudes to norms represent a...

Joybrato Mukherjee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Advanced hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis due to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in Sri Lankan children: a preliminary report  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common chronic liver diseases and may progress to advanced hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis in some patients. Cirrhosis due to NAFLD is considered extr...

S. Rajindrajith; A. S. Dassanayake; J. Hewavisenthi…

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Interested Parties FROM: Christina Snow, Compliance Office SUBJECT: Midway Sunset Cogeneration Company (85, 2010, the Midway Sunset Cogeneration Company (MSCC) filed a petition with the California Energy Commission requesting to modify the Midway Sunset Cogeneration Project. The 225-megawatt project

439

United States Industrial Sector Energy End Use Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuel Conventional Boiler Use CHP and/or Cogeneration ProcessFuel Conventional Boiler Use CHP and/or Cogeneration ProcessFuel Conventional Boiler Use CHP and/or Cogeneration Process

Shehabi, Arman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Enduring Stockpile CMM Shell Inspection Plan (U)  

SciTech Connect

The slides are intended to serve as a high level summary of the CMM Shell Inspection Plan as presented to Pu Sustainment Legacy Pit Production IPT.

Montano, Joshua D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Flores, Randy A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ipt sri cogeneration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

" Row: NAICS Codes;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Number of Establishments by Usage of Cogeneration Technologies, 2010;" " Level: National Data; " " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Usage within Cogeneration Technologies;" " Unit:...

442

" Row: NAICS Codes;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Number of Establishments by Usage of Cogeneration Technologies, 2002; " " Level: National Data; " " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Usage within Cogeneration Technologies;" " Unit:...

443

Achieving Sustainability inCalifornia’s CentralValley  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and clean-burning agricultural waste cogeneration as ansuch as clean-burning agricultural waste cogeneration,tion and clean-burning agricultural waste cogenera- tion as

Lubell, Mark; Beheim, Bret; Hillis, Vicken; Handy, Susan L.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scale Thermal Energy Storage for Cogeneration and Solarsolar captors, thermal effluents, low cost energy duringSeale Thermal Energy Storage for Cogeneration and Solar

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Using A High-Temperature Hydrogen Co-Generation Reactor To Optimize Both Economic and Environmental Performance  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports the analysis of outcomes for a 3000 MWt HTGR plant, given price and cost assumptions, and determines what level of hydrogen and electricity production would optimize the plant economically and environmentally (carbon reduction). Coupling nuclear power with hydrogen production could fundamentally alter the character of the nuclear industry and nuclear technology’s development path. For this to happen, the hydrogen economy will have to be realized, and a new generation of reactors technically suitable to co-production of hydrogen with electric power must be developed and proven. The paper shows that the tradeoff between producing hydrogen through steam methane reformation and producing electricity is disproportionate and would require significant price increases for electricity to change the outcomes. It also found that estimate of shadow values for carbon credits was in the range now under discussion.

Weimar, Mark R.; Wood, Thomas W.; Reichmuth, Barbara A.; Johnson, Wayne L.

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Techno-Economic Analysis of Coal-Based Hydrogen and Electricity Cogeneration Processes with CO2 Capture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The baseline coal gasification process and the novel membrane and syngas chemical-looping processes are evaluated. ... burner ...

Fanxing Li; Liang Zeng; Liang-Shih Fan

2010-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

447

Western Regional Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement: Rulemaking for Small Power Production and Cogeneration Facilities - Exemptions for Geothermal Facilities  

SciTech Connect

Section 643 of the Energy Security Act of 1980 directed the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to develop rules to further encourage geothermal development by Small Power Production Facilities. This rule amends rules previously established in Dockets No. RM79-54 and 55 under Section 201 and 210 of the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA). The analysis shows that the rules are expected to stimulate the development of up to 1,200 MW of capacity for electrical generation from geothermal facilities by 1995--1,110 MW more than predicted in the original PURPA EIS. This Final Supplemental EIS to the DEIS, issued by FERC in June 1980, forecasts likely near term development and analyzes environmental effects anticipated to occur due to development of geothermal resources in the Western United States as a result of this additional rulemaking.

Heinemann, Jack M.; Nalder, Nan; Berger, Glen

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

R&D Research/Demonstration Greenhouse Using Methane Gas from a Landfill for Co-Generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A research/demonstration greenhouse for the production of greenhouse tomatoes using the single truss tomato production ... from landfills or other sources for heating and lighting to maximize crop production whil...

William J. Roberts

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Towards a desalination initiative using cogeneration with an advanced reactor type and uranium recovered from Moroccan phosphoric acid production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Morocco is known to be among the first few countries to produce phosphate and phosphoric acid. Moroccan phosphate contains substantial amounts of uranium. This uranium can be recovered from the phosphate ore as a by-product during the production of phosphoric acid. Uranium extraction processes linked with phosphoric acid fabrication have been used industrially in some countries. This is done mainly by solvent extraction. Although, the present price of uranium is low in the international market, such uranium recovery could be considered as a side product of phosphoric acid production. The price of uranium has a very small impact on the cost of nuclear energy obtained from it. This paper focuses on the extraction of uranium salt from phosphate rock. If uranium is recovered in Morocco in the proposed manner, it could serve as feed for a number of nuclear power plants. The natural uranium product would have to be either enriched or blended as mixed-oxide fuel to manufacture adequate nuclear fuel. Part of this fuel would feed a desalination initiative using a high temperature reactor of the new generation, chosen for its intrinsic safety, sturdiness, ease of maintenance, thermodynamic characteristics and long fuel life between reloads, that is, good economy. ?n international cooperation based on commercial contract schemes would concern: the general project and uranium extraction; uranium enrichment and fuel fabrication services; the nuclear power plant; and the desalination plant. This paper presents the overall feasibility of the general project with some quantitative preliminary figures and cost estimates.

Michel Lung; Abdelaali Kossir; Driss Msatef

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

H[sub 2]/Cl[sub 2] fuel cells for power and HCl production - chemical cogeneration  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fuel cell for the electrolytic production of hydrogen chloride and the generation of electric energy from hydrogen and chlorine gas is disclosed. In typical application, the fuel cell operates from the hydrogen and chlorine gas generated by a chlorine electrolysis generator. The hydrogen chloride output is used to maintain acidity in the anode compartment of the electrolysis cells, and the electric energy provided from the fuel cell is used to power a portion of the electrolysis cells in the chlorine generator or for other chlorine generator electric demands. The fuel cell itself is typically formed by a passage for the flow of hydrogen chloride or hydrogen chloride and sodium chloride electrolyte between anode and cathode gas diffusion electrodes. 3 figures.

Gelb, A.H.

1991-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

451

H.sub.2 /C.sub.12 fuel cells for power and HCl production - chemical cogeneration  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fuel cell for the electrolytic production of hydrogen chloride and the generation of electric energy from hydrogen and chlorine gas is disclosed. In typical application, the fuel cell operates from the hydrogen and chlorine gas generated by a chlorine electrolysis generator. The hydrogen chloride output is used to maintain acidity in the anode compartment of the electrolysis cells, and the electric energy provided from the fuel cell is used to power a portion of the electrolysis cells in the chlorine generator or for other chlorine generator electric demands. The fuel cell itself is typically formed by a passage for the flow of hydrogen chloride or hydrogen chloride and sodium chloride electrolyte between anode and cathode gas diffusion electrodes, the HCl increa This invention was made with Government support under Contract No. DE-AC02-86ER80366 with the Department of Energy and the United States Government has certain rights thereto.

Gelb, Alan H. (Boston, MA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

www.jatit.org ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE BASED TUNING OF SVC CONTROLLER FOR CO-GENERATED POWER SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The gain of SVC depends upon the type of reactive power load for optimum performance. As the load and input wind power conditions are variable, the gain setting of SVC needs to be adjusted or tuned. In this paper, an ANN based approach has been used to tune the gain parameters of the SVC controller over a wide range of load characteristics. The multi-layer feed-forward ANN tool with the error backpropagation training method is employed. Loads have been taken as the function of voltage. Analytical techniques have mostly been based on impedance load reduced network models, which suffer from several disadvantages, including inadequate load representation and lack of structural integrity. The ability of ANNs to spontaneously learn from examples, reason over inexact and fuzzy data and provide adequate and quick responses to new information not previously stored in memory has generated high performance dynamical system with unprecedented robustness. ANNs models have been developed for different hybrid power system configurations for tuning the proportional-integral controller for SVC. Transient responses of different autonomous configurations show that SVC controller with its gained tuned by the ANNs provide optimum system performance for a variety of loads.

Vinod Kumar

453

An Integrated Approach to Evaluating the Technical and Commercial Options for Cogeneration Facilities in the Process Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, economic and financial considerations, as well as to the determination of the appropriate degree of thermal integration of the power and process subsystems. An overview of steam and gas turbine cycle options for process/power integration typical...

Cooke, D. H.; McCue, R. H.

454

Society to 2050 AD: Anthropological Forecasts Extrapolating Correlates of Modernization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden SyriaAfrica Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden SyriaAfrica Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Syria

Denton, Trevor

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Genetic and Environmental Sources of Variation in Heart Rate Response to Infused Nicotine in Twins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Fontana Life Sciences Division, SRI International, Menlo Park, California 94025...Life Sciences Division, SRI International, 333 Ravenswood Avenue, Menlo...Life Sciences Division, SRI International, Menlo Park, California 94025...

Gary E. Swan; Christina N. Lessov-Schlaggar; Ruth E. Krasnow; Kirk C. Wilhelmsen; Peyton Jacob III; and Neal L. Benowitz

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Selective Down-Regulation of Integrin Receptors in Spheroids of Squamous Cell Carcinoma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Center for Health Sciences, SRI International, 333 Ravenswood Avenue, Menlo...Center for Health Sciences, SRI International, Menlo Park, California...Center for Health Sciences at SRI International (Menlo Park, CA) and the...

Nahid S. Waleh; John Gallo; Tandora D. Grant; Brian J. Murphy; Randall H. Kramer; and Robert M. Sutherland

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Biodiversity conservation and agricultural sustainability: towards a new paradigm of ‘ecoagriculture’ landscapes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...August 2004. Battaramulla, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute...report 1 2003Battaramulla, Sri Lanka:International Water Management Institute...paper 7. Battaramulla, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Abstract 724: Selective ?2-adrenergic receptor agonists inhibit the proliferation of 1321N1 astrocytoma cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Liu Lidia Sambucetti Lucia Beviglia SRI International, Menlo Park, CA. More predictive...and predict clinical response. At SRI we have developed highly innovative...ductal carcinoma breast cancer (SRI-B1) with high growth rate demonstrated...

Irving W. Wainer; Lawrence Toll; Lucita Jimenez; Willma Polgar; Carol Green; Jason Gow; Kathleen O'Loughlin; and Michel Bernier

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

459

14010651-6226-5013-257-124-6 AUTRES AFFECTATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ArgentineArgentine Gabon Zimbawe Sri LankaSri Lanka BRÃ?SIL ColombieColombie Togo Inde SyrieSyrie Gabon Togo

460

14010651-6226-5013-257-124-6 OTHER ALLOCATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FRENCH POLYNESIA BOLIVIABOLIVIA Gabon Zimbawe Sri LankaSri Lanka ArgentinaArgentina ColombieColombia Togo IndiaIndia Gabon Togo Guadeloupe Zimbawe EGYPTEGYPT TUNISIATUNISIAMOROCCOMOROCCO SENEGALSENEGAL

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ipt sri cogeneration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

University of Southern California Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Malhotra, SRI International "A Zero-CO2 Emitting Process for Converting Coal to Liquids" 10:15-10:35 Sri R

Rohs, Remo

462

yale environmental news winter 2008 vol. 13, no. 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cogeneration plant at the medical center; the adoption of sustainable building design and construction

463

Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Appendix I: Generating Resources -Background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

...................................................................................... 10 Transmission to access remote resources.................................................................................................................... 51 Waste Heat Energy Recovery Cogeneration

464

Energy-conservation-investment decision making in developing countries: A review of project implementation in industry. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Despite recent efforts in a number of developing countries to promote energy conservation (EC) and efficiency, only a fraction of EC potential has been captured, especially for projects that require significant investments. The document analyzes EC efforts in 11 countries where energy audit and/or feasibility study programs have been carried out (Bangladesh, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Pakistan, Panama, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka), covering some 1,500 EC projects involving 242 industrial companies. Cost and length of payback seem to be the determining factors for companies considering EC measures; no-cost or low-cost projects with paybacks of less than a year (such as power factor improvement projects) had the highest rate of implementation, while expensive, complicated projects (e.g., cogeneration or fuel substitution projects) were most often rejected. The document concludes, however, that the rate of implementation of EC programs has been quite high, and recommends that inexpensive, short-term projects be featured in future EC programs and increased levels of TA and financial assistance be made available to companies implementing long-term EC measures.

Not Available

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Student Name: ______________________________ Birthdate (MM/DD/YY): ____________ PART I SCREENING: Please answer the following questions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland

466

S o u t h P a c i f i c O c e a n P a c i f i c  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thailand Tanzania Tajikistan Syria Switz. Sweden Swaziland Suriname Sudan Sri Lanka Spain South Africa

Hart, Gus

467

HIGH RISK COUNTRIES Afghanistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Sri Lanka St. Vincent & the Grenadines Sudan Suriname

Duchowski, Andrew T.

468

P E R F O R M I N G A R T S M A N A G E M E N T 0 2 / 2 0 1 1 S o u t h P a c i f i c O c e a n  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tonga Togo Thailand Tanzania Tajikistan Syria Switz. Sweden Swaziland Suriname Sudan Sri Lanka Spain

Hart, Gus

469

License Exceptions Supplement No. 1 to Part 740 page 1 Export Administration Regulations September 28, 2001  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Islands Somalia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Surinam Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Taiwan Tanzania Thailand

Bernstein, Daniel

470

Countries with Estimated or Reported Tuberculosis Incidence, 2009 "High Incidence" areas are defined as areas with reported or estimated incidence of 20 cases per 100,000  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

China India Namibia Sri Lanka Colombia Indonesia Nepal Sudan Comoros Iraq Nicaragua Suriname Congo Japan

Myers, Lawrence C.

471

University Health Service, University of Rochester LIST OF COUNTRIES For the Tuberculin Skin Test (PPD)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Somalia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand

Mahon, Bradford Z.

472

TUBERCULOSIS (TB) SCREENING QUESTIONNAIRE (REQUIRED) PLEASE PRINT -This section to be completed by student  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland

Almor, Amit

473

Please answer all of the following questions: 1. Have you ever had close contact with persons known or suspected to have active TB? o Yes o No  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland

Rhode Island, University of

474

Homogeneity as an Advantage: It Takes a Community to Protect an Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Steven Dawson, Patrick Lincoln, Hassen Saidi SRI International Jim Thornton, Glenn Durfee, Peter Kwan

Briesemeister, Linda

475

IntrusionTolerant Group Management in Enclaves DSN'01, G oteborg, Sweden, July 2001  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Avenue, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA fbruno,saidi,victoriag@sdl.sri.com Abstract Groupware applications

Dutertre, Bruno

476

Novel Transcriptional Targets of the SRY-HMG Box Transcription Factor SOX4 Link Its Expression to the Development of Small Cell Lung Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...approach for interpreting genome-wide expression profiles.Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2005;102:15545-50. 29. Bergsland M , Werme M, Malewicz M, Perlmann T Muhr J.The establishment of neuronal properties is controlled by Sox4 and Sox11.Genes Dev 2006...

Sandra D. Castillo; Ander Matheu; Niccolo Mariani; Julian Carretero; Fernando Lopez-Rios; Robin Lovell-Badge; Montse Sanchez-Cespedes

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

The Wilms' tumor gene WT1 can regulate genes involved in sex determination and differentiation: SRY, Müllerian-inhibiting substance, and the androgen receptor.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cell tumors and in two of the Lcydig cell 2712 WTI IN GRANULOSA CELL AND OTHER TUMORS Fig. \\.WTI and/)5.? RNAexpression of 13 SCS tumors...RNA. Reverse Iranscriplase PCR with the two WTI intronic primers OSCAR-2 and OSCAR-3 shows...

R Shimamura; G C Fraizer; J Trapman; Lau YfC; G F Saunders

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

"No God and no Norway": collective resource loss among members of Tamil NGO's in Norway during and after the last phase of the civil war in Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Studies on the mental health of refugees have tended to focus upon the impact of traumatic experiences in the country of origin, and acculturation processes in exile. The effects of crises in the country of or...

Eugene Guribye

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Strengthening University-Industry Linkage in Developing Countries through International Cooperation: Case of Sri Lanka through Cooperation of Toyohashi University of Technology, Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper aims at highlighting the importance & the role of the University-Industry linkage in fostering the development of engineering education in developing countries. International cooperation is employed as ...

H. Homma; N. Ikeda; R.A. Attalage

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Left Perspectives of the Sri Lankan Conflict: The Role of Ethnicity in the Governments of the United Front (1970-77) and the People's Alliance (1994-2001)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

77) and the People’s Alliance (1994-2001) A thesis submitted77) and the People’s Alliance (1994-2001) by Devaka Ramesh77) and the People's Alliance (1994-2001). In particular, it

Gunawardena, Devaka Ramesh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ipt sri cogeneration" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Environmental impact of geopressure - geothermal cogeneration facility on wetland resources and socioeconomic characteristics in Louisiana Gulf Coast region. Final report, October 10, 1983-September 31, 1984  

SciTech Connect

Baseline data relevant to air quality are presented. The following are also included: geology and resource assessment, design well prospects in southwestern Louisiana, water quality monitoring, chemical analysis subsidence, microseismicity, geopressure-geothermal subsidence modeling, models of compaction and subsidence, sampling handling and preparation, brine chemistry, wetland resources, socioeconomic characteristics, impacts on wetlands, salinity, toxic metals, non-metal toxicants, temperature, subsidence, and socioeconomic impacts. (MHR)

Smalley, A.M.; Saleh, F.M.S.; Fontenot, M.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Integrated Production of Organomineral Biofertiliser (BIOFOM®) Using By-products from the Sugar and Ethanol Agro-industry, Associated with the Cogeneration of Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For a technical–economic evaluation of the proposed solution, a case study was carried out for an ethanol producing mill equipped to produce power by...1). Table 1 ...

José Luiz Olivério; Fernando C. Boscariol; Paulo E. Mantelatto…

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Co-generation of electricity and chemicals from propane fuel in solid oxide fuel cells with anode containing nano-bimetallic catalyst  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) produced from hydrocarbon in SOFCs. PAHs containing a benzene ring usually occur in oil, coal, and tar, PAHs are typically liquids at ambient temperature and pressure which make them convenient for capture

Frenkel, Anatoly

484

The cogeneration steam turbine of the T-63/76-8.8 type for a series of PGU-300 combined cycle power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes in detail the design of the T-63/76–8.8 steam turbine manufactured by Ural Turbine Works (refurbished significantly), its electrohydraulic control and protection system made according to the ...

A. Ye. Valamin; A. Yu. Kultyshev; V. N. Bilan; A. A. Goldberg…

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Website Interaction Satisfaction: A Reassessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......2001), or focused on site technology (primarily navigability...Orsini S., Opwos K. Intranet satisfaction questionnaire...user satisfaction with the Intranet. Comput. Hum. Behav...Internet-Related Program Technology (IPT) and Advertising......

Dana-Nicoleta Lascu; Kenneth E. Clow

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Integrated Project Team Guide for Formation and Implementation  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The guide provides detailed guidance of the preferred processes to form and implement an Integrated Project Team (IPT) in support of proper project execution as prescribed in DOE O 413.3B.

2012-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

487

STATE OF CALIFORNIA -NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Crockett A CALIFORNIA LIMITED ) Cogeneration Project to Allow PARTNERSHIP ) Installation of Electric Motor to modify the Crockett Cogeneration Project by installing electric motor-driven natural gas compression

488

Potentials and policy implications of energy and material efficiency improvement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

clinker cooler, use of waste fuels, dry-suspension preheater kilns Dry precalciner kilns, blended cements, cogeneration, high-temperature

Worrell, Ernst; Levine, Mark; Price, Lynn; Martin, Nathan; van den Broek, Richard; Block, Kornelis

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Guide to Combined Heat and Power Systems for Boiler Owners and Operators, July 2004  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This guide presents useful information for evaluating the viability of cogeneration for new or existing ICI boiler installations.

490

September 2, 2011 Competence Center for Sustainable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for optimisation and certifying of energy consumption Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) co-generation process for waste

Noé, Reinhold

491

DISTRIBUTED ENERGY SYSTEMS IN CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE: A PRELIMINARY REPORT, VOLUME I  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

District Heating Solar Industrial Process Heat and Cogeneration Other Solar Technologies HYDROELECTRIC AND PUMPED STORAGE RESOURCES GEOTHERMAL

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

STATE OF CALIFORNIA THE RESOURCES AGENCY GRAY DAVIS, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Development Commission In the Matter of: ) Docket No. 85-AFC-3C ) Order No. 07-0926- Midway Sunset Cogeneration Company ) MIDWAY SUNSET COGENERATION ) ORDER APPROVING a Petition PROJECT ) to Increase Ammonia Slip ) The Midway Sunset Cogeneration Company (MSCC), the owner/operator of the Midway Sunset

493

STATE OF CALIFORNIA THE RESOURCES AGENCY JERRY BROWN, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FROM: Christina Snow, Compliance Office SUBJECT: Midway Sunset Cogeneration Company (85-AFC-3C) Staff Analysis of Proposed Modification On October 25, 2010, the Midway Sunset Cogeneration Company (MSCC) filed a petition with the California Energy Commission requesting to modify the Midway Sunset Cogeneration Project

494

" Row: NAICS Codes;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. Number of Establishments by Usage of Cogeneration Technologies, 1998;" 2. Number of Establishments by Usage of Cogeneration Technologies, 1998;" " Level: National Data; " " Row: NAICS Codes;" " Column: Usage within Cogeneration Technologies;" " Unit: Establishment Counts." ,,,"Establishments" " "," ",,"with Any"," Steam Turbines","Supplied","by Either","Conventional","Combustion","Turbines"," "," "," ","Internal","Combustion","Engines"," Steam Turbines","Supplied","by Heat"," ",," "

495

Where Have Rich Vlosky's Graduate Students Ended Up? September 22, 2014  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Dissertation Title: MARKETING FOREST-BASED ECOTOURISM IN SRI LANKA: PREDICTING THE ECOTOURISM BEHAVIOR-TRIP AND EXTERNAL INFORMATION SEARCH BEHAVIORS AND STRATEGIES ON FOREST-BASED ECOTOURISM TRAVEL DECISIONS IN SRI

496

Dielectric Actuation of Polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M. Wissler, An arm wrestling robot driven by dielectricrobot built by SRI International; (b) a cell stretcher; (c) an arm-robot built by SRI International; (b) a cell stretcher; (c) an arm-

Niu, Xiaofan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

IRD/T. Jaffr IRD/M.Dukhan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PERUPERU FRENCH POLYNESIA FRENCH POLYNESIA BOLIVIABOLIVIA Gabon Zimbawe Sri LankaSri Lanka ArgentinaArgentina ColombieColombia Togo IndiaIndia Gabon Togo Guadeloupe Zimbawe EGYPTEGYPT TUNISIATUNISIAMOROCCOMOROCCO

498

Tsunami science before and beyond Boxing Day 2004  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...tsunami destruction in Sri Lanka. EOS. 86, 301-304...hazard mitigation. Proc. International Tsunami Symposium International Union of Geodesy and...SynolakisObservations by the International Tsunami Survey Team in Sri Lanka. Science. 308...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Accelerating introduction of new vaccines: barriers to introduction and lessons learned from the recent Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine experience  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and policy staff within the Sri Lankan government facilitated...Another example comes from Sri Lanka, where shortly after...communities, vaccine manufacturers, international agencies, donors and more...organization & administration International Cooperation Public-Private...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Evaluation of the Carcinogenicity of Chemicals: A Review of the Monograph Program of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (1971 to 1977)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Carsten Alt 1 Nathan Collins 1 Lidia Sambucetti 1 1SRI International, Menlo Park, CA. Multiple myeloma (MM) is a...the development of therapeutic agents for MM. At SRI International, we have developed an antiestrogen, SR16388...

Lorenzo Tomatis; Claus Agthe; Helmut Bartsch; James Huff; Ruggero Montesano; Rodolfo Saracci; Ernest Walker; and Julian Wilbourn

1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z