Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

RHIC | Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites

Brookhaven National Laboratory Brookhaven National Laboratory search U.S. Department of Energy logo Home RHIC Science News Images Videos For Scientists Björn Schenke 490th Brookhaven Lecture, 12/18 Join Björn Schenke of Brookhaven Lab's Physics Department for the 490th Brookhaven Lecture, titled 'The Shape and Flow of Heavy Ion Collisions,' on Wednesday, Dec. 18, at 4 p.m. in Berkner Hall. droplets Tiny Drops of Hot Quark Soup-How Small Can They Be? New analyses indicate that collisions of small particles with large gold nuclei at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider may be serving up miniscule servings of hot quark-gluon plasma. RHIC Physics RHIC is the first machine in the world capable of colliding ions as heavy as gold. The Spin Puzzle RHIC is the world's only machine capable of colliding beams of polarized

2

RHIC | Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider Photo of LINAC The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is a world-class particle accelerator at Brookhaven National Laboratory where physicists are exploring the most fundamental forces and properties of matter and the early universe. RHIC accelerates beams of particles (e.g., the nuclei of heavy atoms such as gold) to nearly the speed of light, and smashes them together to recreate a state of matter thought to have existed immediately after the Big Bang some 13.8 billion years ago. STAR and PHENIX, two large detectors located around the 2.4-mile-circumference accelerator, take "snapshots" of these collisions to reveal a glimpse of the basic constituents of visible matter, quarks and gluons. Understanding matter at

3

RHIC | Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

breakthrough accelerator could collide electrons with heavy ions or protons at nearly the speed of light to create "snapshots" of the force binding all visible matter. Accelerator...

4

RHIC | Electron-Ion Collider  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

particle accelerator could collide electrons with heavy ions or protons at nearly the speed of light to create rapid-fire, high-resolution "snapshots" of the force binding all...

5

RHIC | Physics of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Physics of RHIC Physicists from around the world are using the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider to explore some of Nature's most basic -- and intriguing -- ingredients and...

6

Brookhaven National Laboratory The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) An Exciting Beginning and a Compelling Future At the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), a world-class particle accelerator at Brookhaven National Laboratory, physicists are exploring the most fundamental forces and properties of matter and the early universe, with important implications for our understanding of the world around us. Operated with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science, the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), was designed to recreate a state of matter thought to have existed immediately after the Big Bang some 13 billion years ago, and to investigate how the proton gets its spin and intrinsic magnetism from its quark and gluon constituents. Large detectors located

7

The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) - the nation's only remaining  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collider (RHIC) - the nation's only remaining Collider (RHIC) - the nation's only remaining particle collider, located at Brookhaven National Laboratory - has made a series of landmark discoveries and continuing breakthroughs in science and technology. One major accomplishment has been RHIC's ability to recreate and study in detail a type of matter that last existed at the beginning of the universe to better understand the strongest force in nature - the force that holds together the fundamental particles that make up 99 percent of visible matter in the universe today, everything from stars to planets to people. In addition to giving us a new way to explore and understand the nature of the early universe and the force that holds together ordinary matter, research at RHIC has revealed stunning

8

Interaction region design for a RHIC-based medium-energy electron-ion collider  

SciTech Connect

As a first step in a staged approach towards a RHIC-based electron-ion collider, installation of a 4 GeV energy-recovery linac (ERL) in one of the RHIC interaction regions is currently under investigation. To minimize costs, the interaction region of this collider has to use the present RHIC magnets for focusing of the high-energy ion beam. Meanwhile, electron low-beta focusing needs to be added in the limited space available between the existing separator dipoles. We discuss the challenges and present the current design status of this e-A interaction region.

Montag,C.; Beebe-Wang, J.

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

9

Home of eRHIC: the Electron-Ion-Collider at BNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron Ion Collider (EIC) Project Web Page Electron Ion Collider (EIC) Project Web Page This webpage is perpetually under construction October 26, 2007 (Maintained by Abhay Deshpande) A high luminosity polarized e-p/He and unpolarized e-A collider to study the hyperfine structure of the nucleon including (spin and flavor) and to explore nuclear matter at high parton densities. EIC Collaboration WebPage EIC Meeting at SBU, December 7-8, 2007 The most recent meeting: EICC meeting at MIT, May 2007 A Joint EIC2006 (Third Electron Ion Collider) and Hot-QCD Workshop hosted by BNL, July 17-22, 2006 eRHIC Related Papers and other Material White Papers & other information and documents for NSAC Long Range Planning 2007 Study of fundamental structure of matter with an electron-ion collider, A.

10

eRHIC Design Study: An Electron-Ion Collider at BNL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document presents BNL's plan for an electron-ion collider, eRHIC, a major new research tool that builds on the existing RHIC facility to advance the long-term vision for Nuclear Physics to discover and understand the emergent phenomena of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), the fundamental theory of the strong interaction that binds the atomic nucleus. We describe the scientific requirements for such a facility, following up on the community wide 2012 white paper, "Electron-Ion Collider: the Next QCD Frontier", and present a design concept that incorporates new, innovative accelerator techniques to provide a cost-effective upgrade of RHIC with polarized electron beams colliding with the full array of RHIC hadron beams. The new facility will deliver electron-nucleon luminosity of $\\sim10^{33} cm^{-2}sec^{-1}$ for collisions of 15.9 GeV polarized electrons on either 250 GeV polarized protons or 100 GeV/u heavy ion beams. The facility will also be capable of providing an electron beam energy of 21.2 GeV, at reduced luminosity. We discuss the on-going R\\&D effort to realize the project, and present key detector requirements and design ideas for an experimental program capable of making the "golden measurements" called for in the EIC-White Paper.

E. C. Aschenauer; M. D. Baker; A. Bazilevsky; K. Boyle; S. Belomestnykh; I. Ben-Zvi; S. Brooks; C. Brutus; T. Burton; S. Fazio; A. Fedotov; D. Gassner; Y. Hao; Y. Jing; D. Kayran; A. Kiselev; M. A. C. Lamont; J. -H. Lee; V. N. Litvinenko; C. Liu; T. Ludlam; G. Mahler; G. McIntyre; W. Meng; F. Meot; T. Miller; M. Minty; B. Parker; I. Pinayev; V. Ptitsyn; T. Roser; M. Stratmann; E. Sichtermann; J. Skaritka; O. Tchoubar; P. Thieberger; T. Toll; D. Trbojevic; N. Tsoupas; J. Tuozzolo; T. Ullrich; E. Wang; G. Wang; Q. Wu; W. Xu; L. Zheng

2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

11

Ion Colliders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-energy ion colliders are large research tools in nuclear physics to study the Quark-Gluon-Plasma (QGP). The range of collision energy and high luminosity are important design and operational considerations. The experiments also expect flexibility with frequent changes in the collision energy, detector fields, and ion species. Ion species range from protons, including polarized protons in RHIC, to heavy nuclei like gold, lead and uranium. Asymmetric collision combinations (e.g. protons against heavy ions) are also essential. For the creation, acceleration, and storage of bright intense ion beams, limits are set by space charge, charge change, and intrabeam scattering effects, as well as beam losses due to a variety of other phenomena. Currently, there are two operating ion colliders, the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at BNL, and the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN.

Fischer, W

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Proceedings of the third workshop on experiments and detectors for a relativistic heavy ion collider (RHIC)  

SciTech Connect

This report contains papers on the following topics: the RHIC Project; summary of the working group on calorimetry; J//Psi/ measurements in heavy ion collisions at CERN; QCD jets at RHIC; tracking and particle identification; a 4..pi.. tracking spectrometer for RHIC; Bose-Einstein measurements at RHIC in light of new data; summary of working group on read-out electronics; data acquisition for RHIC; summary of the working group on detector simulation; B-physics at RHIC; and CP violation revisited at BNL, B-physics at RHIC.

Shivakumar, B.; Vincent, P.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) cryogenic system at Brookhaven National Laboratory: Review of the modifications and upgrades since 2002 and planned improvements.  

SciTech Connect

Brookhaven National Laboratory continues its multi-year program to improve the operational efficiency, reliability, and stability of the cryogenic system, which also resulted in an improved beam availability of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). This paper summarizes the work and changes made after each phase over the past four years to the present, as well as proposed future improvements. Power usage dropped from an initial 9.4 MW to the present 5.1 MW and is expected to drop below 5 MW after the completion of the remaining proposed improvements. The work proceeded in phases, balancing the Collider's schedule of operation, time required for the modifications and budget constraints. The main changes include process control, compressor oil removal and management, elimination of the use of cold compressors and two liquid-helium storage tanks, insulation of the third liquid-helium storage tank, compressor-bypass flow reduction and the addition of a load turbine (Joule-Thomson ex

Than, R.; Tuozzolo, Joseph; Sidi-Yekhlef, Ahmed; Ganni, Venkatarao; Knudsen, Peter; Arenius, Dana

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Ion optics of RHIC EBIS  

SciTech Connect

RHIC EBIS has been commissioned to operate as a versatile ion source on RHIC injection facility supplying ion species from He to Au for Booster. Except for light gaseous elements RHIC EBIS employs ion injection from several external primary ion sources. With electrostatic optics fast switching from one ion species to another can be done on a pulse to pulse mode. The design of an ion optical structure and the results of simulations for different ion species are presented. In the choice of optical elements special attention was paid to spherical aberrations for high-current space charge dominated ion beams. The combination of a gridded lens and a magnet lens in LEBT provides flexibility of optical control for a wide range of ion species to satisfy acceptance parameters of RFQ. The results of ion transmission measurements are presented.

Pikin, A.; Alessi, J.; Beebe, E.; Kponou, A.; Okamura, M.; Raparia, D.; Ritter, J.; Tan, Y.; Kuznetsov, G.

2011-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

15

The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) Refrigerator System at Brookhaven National Laboratory: Phase III of the System Performance and Operations Upgrades for 2006  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An ongoing program at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) consists of improving the efficiency of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) cryogenic system and reducing its power consumption. Phase I and II of the program addressed plant operational improvements and modifications that resulted in substantial operational cost reduction and improved system reliability and stability and a compressor input power reduction of 2 MW has been demonstrated. Phase III now under way consists of plans for further increasing the efficiency of the plant by adding a load wet turbo?expander and its associated heat exchangers at the low temperature end of the plant. This additional stage of cooling at the coldest level will further reduce the required compressor flow and therefore compressor power input. This paper presents the results of the plant characterization as it is operating presently as well as the results of the plant simulations of the various planned upgrades for the plant. The immediate upgrade includes the changes associated with the load expander. The subsequent upgrade will involve the resizing of expander 5 and 6 to increase their efficiencies. The paper summarizes the expected improvement in the plant efficiency and the overall reduction in the compressor power.

A. Sidi?Yekhlef; R. Than; J. Tuozzolo; V. Ganni; P. Knudsen; D. Arenius

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Configuration Manual Polarized Proton Collider at RHIC  

SciTech Connect

In this report we present our design to accelerate and store polarized protons in RHIC, with the level of polarization, luminosity, and control of systematic errors required by the approved RHIC spin physics program. We provide an overview of the physics to be studied using RHIC with polarized proton beams, and a brief description of the accelerator systems required for the project.

Roser T.; Alekseev& #44; I.; Allgower& #44; C.; Bai& #44; M.; Batygin& #44; Y.; et al

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Microsoft Word - 2003-0820 RHIC collider projections.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RHIC Collider Projections (FY2004 - FY2008) RHIC Collider Projections (FY2004 - FY2008) Thomas Roser, Wolfram Fischer Last update: August 20, 2003 This note discusses in Part I possible operating modes for the RHIC Run-4 (FY2004) running period including constraints from cryogenic cool-down, machine set-up and beam commissioning. In Part II a 5-year projection is given for gold-gold and polarized proton collisions. Part I - Run-4 Projections Cryogenic operation - After the summer shutdown the two RHIC rings will be at room temperature. They will be first brought to liquid nitrogen temperature, in about 10 days. Then, two weeks will be required to cool down to 4 Kelvin. At the end of the run, one week of refrigerator operation is required for the warm-up to 80 Kelvin. Running modes - A number of running modes are considered in RHIC, such as Au-Au

18

Five Years of Tracking Heavy Ion Collisions at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Five years have passed since the first collisions of Au nuclei at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) on Long Island. With nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energies of up to sqrt(s_NN)=200GeV RHIC provides the highest energy heavy ion collisions at any existing collider. To study the dynamics of nuclear matter at extreme temperatures and pressures hundreds of produced particles need to be tracked and identified, which provides a sizable challenge to the four experiments. This article tries to summarize these first years of RHIC operation from the detector point of view and give a glimpse at the future of the accelerator and its experiments.

A. Franz

2006-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

19

Heavy Ion Collisions at RHIC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

at Heavy Ion Colliders at Heavy Ion Colliders Theory Drivers & View from LHC Urs Achim Wiedemann CERN PH-TH NSAC Implementation Subcommittee Hearings 7 September 2012 Heavy Ion Physics - Main Tools of Theorists Understanding properties of hot and dense matter from the elementary interactions in QCD High Energy Physics String Theory Computational Physics Fluid Dynamics Dissipative fluid dynamic description * Based on: E-p conservation: 2 nd law of thermodynamics: * Sensitive to properties of matter that are calculated from first principles in quantum field theory - EOS: and sound velocity - transport coefficients: shear , bulk viscosity, conductivities ...

20

Core - Corona Model analysis of the Low Energy Beam Scan at RHIC (Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider) in Brookhaven (USA)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The centrality dependence of spectra of identified particles in collisions between ultrarelativistic heavy ions with a center of mass energy ($\\sqrt{s}$) of 39 and 11.5 $AGeV$ is analyzed in the core - corona model. We show that at these energies the spectra can be well understood assuming that they are composed of two components whose relative fraction depends on the centrality of the interaction: The core component which describes an equilibrated quark gluon plasma and the corona component which is caused by nucleons close to the surface of the interaction zone which scatter only once and which is identical to that observed in proton-proton collisions. The success of this approach at 39 and 11.5 $AGeV$ shows that the physics does not change between this energy and $\\sqrt{s}=200~ AGeV$ for which this model has been developed (Aichelin 2008). This presents circumstantial evidence that a quark gluon plasma is also created at center of mass energies as low as 11.5 $AGeV$.

M. Gemard; J. Aichelin

2014-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

SETUP AND PERFORMANCE OF THE RHIC INJECTOR ACCELERATORS FOR THE 2007 RUN WITH GOLD IONS  

SciTech Connect

Gold ions for the 2007 run of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) are accelerated in the Tandem, Booster and AGS prior to injection into RHIC. The setup and performance of this chain of accelerators is reviewed with a focus on improvements in the quality of beam delivered to RHIC. In particular, more uniform stripping foils between Booster and AGS7 and a new bunch merging scheme in AGS have provided beam bunches with reduced longitudinal emittance for RHIC.

GARDNER,C.; AHRENS, L.; ALESSI, J.; BENJAMIN, J.; BLASKIEWICZ, M.; ET AL.

2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

22

Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider | The Case for Continuing Operations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Case for Continuing RHIC Operations The Case for Continuing RHIC Operations The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) - the nation's only remaining particle collider, located at Brookhaven National Laboratory - has made a series of landmark discoveries and continuing breakthroughs in science and technology. One major accomplishment has been RHIC's ability to recreate and study in detail a type of matter that last existed at the beginning of the universe to better understand the strongest force in nature - the force that holds together the fundamental particles that make up 99 percent of visible matter in the universe today, everything from stars to planets to people. In addition to giving us a new way to explore and understand the nature of the early universe and the force that holds together ordinary matter, research at RHIC has revealed stunning

23

Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider managed for the U.S. Department of Energy by Brookhaven Science Associates, founded by Stony Brook University and Battelle. managed for the U.S. Department of Energy by Brookhaven Science Associates, a company founded by Stony Brook University and Battelle 07/07 Brookhaven National Laboratory Funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Brookhaven National Laboratory is a multipurpose research institution located on a 5,300-acre site on Long Island, New York. Six Nobel Prize-winning discoveries have been made at Brookhaven Lab. The Laboratory operates large-scale scientific facilities and performs research in physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, applied science, and

24

Heavy ion physics at BNL, the AGS and RHIC  

SciTech Connect

The advent of heavy ion acceleration with the AGS at Brookhaven National Laboratory in 1986 and the proposed Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) for 1990 brings us into a temperature and density regime well above anything yet produced and into a time domain of the early universe of 10/sup -13/-10/sup -6/ seconds. The physics of high energy heavy ions range from the more traditional nuclear physics to the formation of new forms of matter. Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) is the latest, and as of yet, the most successful theory to describe the interaction of quarks and gluons. The nature of the confinement of the quarks and gluons under extremes of temperature and density is one of the compelling reasons for this new physics program at BNL. There are reasons to believe that with collisions of heavy nuclei at energies in the 10 to 100 GeV/amu range a very large volume of approx. 10 fm/sup 3/ would be heated to 200-300 MeV and/or acquire a sufficient quark density (5-10 times normal baryon density) so that the entire contents of the volume would be deconfined and the quarks and gluons would form a plasma. The kinematic region for the extant machines and the proposed RHIC are shown. At AGS energies the baryons in colliding nuclei bring each other to rest, yielding fragmentation regions of high baryon density. These are the regions in which supernorvae and neutrons stars exist. For energies much higher, such as in RHIC, nuclei are transparent to each other and one can form a central region of almost zero baryon density, mostly pions, and very high temperature. This is the region of the early universe and the quark-gluon plasma. Design parameters and cost of the RHIC are discussed.

Lowenstein, D.I.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Highly Polarized Ion Sources for Electron Ion Colliders (EIC)  

SciTech Connect

The operation of the RHIC facility at BNL and the Electron Ion Colliders (EIC) under development at Jefferson Laboratory and BNL need high brightness ion beams with the highest polarization. Charge exchange injection into a storage ring or synchrotron and Siberian snakes have the potential to handle the needed polarized beam currents, but first the ion sources must create beams with the highest possible polarization to maximize collider productivity, which is proportional to a high power of the polarization. We are developing one universal H-/D- ion source design which will synthesize the most advanced developments in the field of polarized ion sources to provide high current, high brightness, ion beams with greater than 90% polarization, good lifetime, high reliability, and good power efficiency. The new source will be an advanced version of an atomic beam polarized ion source (ABPIS) with resonant charge exchange ionization by negative ions. An integrated ABPIS design will be prepared based on new materials and an optimized magnetic focusing system. Polarized atomic and ion beam formation, extraction, and transport for the new source will be computer simulated.

V.G. Dudnikov, R.P. Johnson, Y.S. Derbenev, Y. Zhang

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Dynamical heavy-quark recombination and the nonphotonic single-electron puzzle at energies available at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC)  

SciTech Connect

We show that the single, nonphotonic electron nuclear modification factor R{sub AA}{sup e} is affected by the thermal enhancement of the heavy-baryon-to-heavy-meson ratio in relativistic heavy-ion collisions with respect to proton-proton collisions. We make use of the dynamical quark recombination model to compute such a ratio and show that this produces a sizable suppression factor for R{sub AA}{sup e} at intermediate transverse momenta. We argue that this suppression factor needs to be considered, in addition to the energy loss contribution, in calculations of R{sub AA}{sup e}.

Ayala, Alejandro [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-543, Mexico Distrito Federal 04510 (Mexico); Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, CBPF, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, 22290-180 Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Magnin, J. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, CBPF, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, 22290-180 Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Montano, Luis Manuel [Centro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Apartado Postal 14-740, Mexico Distrito Federal 07000 (Mexico); Sanchez, G. Toledo [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 20-364, Mexico Distrito Federal 01000 (Mexico)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

27

Coordinating the 2009 RHIC Run  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Physicists working at the Brookhaven National Lab's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) are exploring the puzzle of proton spin as they begin taking data during the 2009 RHIC run. For the first time, RHIC is running at a record energy of 500 giga-elect

Brookhaven Lab - Mei Bai

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

28

RHIC | Accelerator Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RHIC Accelerators RHIC Accelerators The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider complex is actually composed of a long "chain" of particle accelerators Heavy ions begin their travels in the Electron Beam Ion Source accelerator (1). The ions then travel to the small, circular Booster (3) where, with each pass, they are accelerated to higher energy. From the Booster, ions travel to the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (4), which then injects the beams via a beamline (5) into the two rings of RHIC (6). In RHIC, the beams get a final accelerator "kick up" in energy from radio waves. Once accelerated, the ions can "orbit" inside the rings for hours. RHIC can also conduct colliding-beam experiments with polarized protons. These are first accelerated in the Linac (2), and further in the Booster (3), AGS (4), and

29

Colliding Nuclei at High Energy  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Physicist Peter Steinberg explains what happens when atomic nucleii travelling at close to the speed of light smash together in Brookhaven Lab's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC).

Brookhaven Lab

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

30

What's the matter at RHIC?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I present here a concise review of the experimental results obtained at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), which shed light on the hot and dense quark gluon matter produced at these high temperature and density conditions.

Raphael Granier de Cassagnac

2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

31

Recombinant Science: The Birth of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (431st Brookhaven Lecture)  

SciTech Connect

As part of the celebration of Brookhaven Lab's 60th anniversary, Robert P. Crease, the Chair of the Philosophy Department at Stony Brook University and BNL's historian, will present the second of two talks on the Lab's history. In "Recombinant Science: The Birth of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider," Dr. Crease will focus on the creation of the world's most powerful colliding accelerator for nuclear physics. Known as RHIC, the collider, as Dr. Crease will recount, was formally proposed in 1984, received initial construction funding from the U.S. Department of Energy in 1991, and started operating in 2000. In 2005, the discovery at RHIC of the world's most perfect liquid, a state of matter that last existed just moments after the Big Bang, was announced, and, since then, this perfect liquid of quarks and gluons has been the subject of intense study.

Crease, Robert P. (Ph.D, Department of Philosophy, Stony Brook University) [Ph.D, Department of Philosophy, Stony Brook University

2007-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

32

RHIC - Exploring the Universe Within  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A guided tour of Brookhaven's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) conducted by past Laboratory Director John Marburger. RHIC is a world-class scientific research facility that began operation in 2000, following 10 years of development and construction. Hundreds of physicists from around the world use RHIC to study what the universe may have looked like in the first few moments after its creation. RHIC drives two intersecting beams of gold ions head-on, in a subatomic collision. What physicists learn from these collisions may help us understand more about why the physical world works the way it does, from the smallest subatomic particles, to the largest stars.

BNL

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Review of heavy ion collider proposals  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we review proposals for heavy-ion colliders generated during the last few years for several national laboratories. The proposals span over a large range of energy and luminosity to accommodate the experimental needs of both the nuclear and the high-energy physicists. We report also briefly efforts in the same field happening in Europe.

Ruggiero, A.G.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

QGP viscosity at RHIC and the LHC - a 2012 status report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article, we briefly review the recent progress related to extracting the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) specific shear viscosity from the flow data measured at Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) and the Large Hadron Collider (LHC).

Huichao Song

2012-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

35

Electron Ion Collider: The Next QCD Frontier  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ion Collider: Ion Collider: The Next QCD Frontier Understanding the glue that binds us all Electron Ion Collider: The Next QCD Frontier Understanding the glue that binds us all BNL-98815-2012-JA JLAB-PHY-12-1652 arXiv:1212.1701 Authors A. Accardi 14,28 , J. L. Albacete 16 , M. Anselmino 29 , N. Armesto 36 , E. C. Aschenauer 3,† , A. Bacchetta 35 , D. Boer 33 , W. Brooks 37,† , T. Burton 3 , N.-B. Chang 23 , W.-T. Deng 13,23 , A. Deshpande 25,∗,† , M. Diehl 11,† , A. Dumitru 2 , R. Dupr´ e 7 , R. Ent 28,‡ , S. Fazio 3 , H. Gao 12,† , V. Guzey 28 , H. Hakobyan 37 , Y. Hao 3 , D. Hasch 15 , R. Holt 1,† , T. Horn 5,† , M. Huang 23 , A. Hutton 28,† , C. Hyde 20 , J. Jalilian-Marian 2 , S. Klein 17 , B. Kopeliovich 37 , Y. Kovchegov 19,† , K. Kumar 24,† , K. Kumeriˇ cki 40 , M. A. C. Lamont 3 , T. Lappi 34 , J.-H. Lee 3 , Y. Lee 3 , E. M. Levin 26,37 , F.-L. Lin 28 , V. Litvinenko 3 , T. W. Ludlam 3,‡ , C. Marquet

36

Future of Jets, Heavy Flavor, and EM Probes at RHIC and RHIC II  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exciting results from the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) have been presented at this Workshop. However, fundamental questions remain to be addressed in the future regarding whether the system is deconfined, chiral symmetry is restored, a color glass condensate exists in the initial state, and how the system evolves through eventual hadronization. Jets, heavy flavors and electromagnetic probes are sensitive to the initial high density stage of RHIC collisions, and should provide new insight. Significant additional capabilities will be added with a luminosity upgrade of RHIC (to RHIC II), upgrades of present detectors and a possible, new comprehensive detector at RHIC II.

John W. Harris

2005-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

37

RHIC | New Areas of Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Area of Physics A New Area of Physics RHIC has created a new state of hot, dense matter out of the quarks and gluons that are the basic particles of atomic nuclei, but it is a state quite different and even more remarkable than had been predicted. Instead of behaving like a gas of free quarks and gluons, as was expected, the matter created in RHIC's heavy ion collisions is more like a liquid. Quarks Gluons and quarks Ions Ions about to collide Impact Just after collision Perfect Liquid The "perfect" liquid hot matter Hot Nuclear Matter A review article in the journal Science describes groundbreaking discoveries that have emerged from RHIC, synergies with the heavy-ion program at the Large Hadron Collider, and the compelling questions that will drive this research forward on both sides of the Atlantic.

38

RHIC The Perfect Liquid  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Evidence to date suggests that gold-gold collisions the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at Brookhaven are indeed creating a new state of hot, dense matter, but one quite different and even more remarkable than had been predicted. Instead of behaving like a gas of free quarks and gluons, as was expected, the matter created in RHIC's heavy ion collisions appears to be more like a "perfect" liquid.

BNL

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

The Science Case for An Electron-Ion Collider: The Next QCD Frontier  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Case for Case for An Electron-Ion Collider: The Next QCD Frontier Jianwei Qiu Brookhaven National Laboratory NSAC Subcommittee Meeting on Scientific Facilities February 15-16, 2013 for both BNL and JLab EIC efforts, ... 1 White Paper for the Electron-Ion Collider ELIC (JLab) eRHIC (BNL) 2 arXiv:1212.1701 Community effort and commitment Ten-week program (9/13-11/19, 2010) at Institute for Nuclear Theory (INT Report: arXiv:1108.1713v2, 500+ pages)  Many workshops on EIC physics: 3  Commitment from BNL and JLab:  EICAC - jointly by BNL and JLab  BNL EIC Task force (https://wiki.bnl.gov/eic/index.php/Main_Page)  EIC@JLab (https://eic.jlab.org/wiki/index.php/Main_Page)  Detector R&D (https://wiki.bnl.gov/conferences/index.php/EIC_R%25D)

40

Measurements of phi meson production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions at RHIC  

SciTech Connect

We present results for the measurement of {phi} meson production via its charged kaon decay channel {phi} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -} in Au + Au collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 62.4, 130, and 200 GeV, and in p + p and d + Au collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 200 GeV from the STAR experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The midrapidity (|y| < 0.5) {phi} meson transverse momentum (p{sub T}) spectra in central Au + Au collisions are found to be well described by a single exponential distribution. On the other hand, the p{sub T} spectra from p + p, d + Au and peripheral Au + Au collisions show power-law tails at intermediate and high p{sub T} and are described better by Levy distributions. The constant {phi}/K{sup -} yield ratio vs beam species, collision centrality and colliding energy is in contradiction with expectations from models having kaon coalescence as the dominant mechanism for {phi} production at RHIC. The {Omega}/{phi} yield ratio as a function of p{sub T} is consistent with a model based on the recombination of thermal s quarks up to p{sub T} {approx} 4 GeV/c, but disagrees at higher transverse momenta. The measured nuclear modification factor, R{sub dAu}, for the {phi} meson increases above unity at intermediate p{sub T}, similar to that for pions and protons, while R{sub AA} is suppressed due to the energy loss effect in central Au + Au collisions. Number of constituent quark scaling of both R{sub cp} and v{sub 2} for the {phi} meson with respect to other hadrons in Au + Au collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 200 GeV at intermediate p{sub T} is observed. These observations support quark coalescence as being the dominant mechanism of hadronization in the intermediate p{sub T} region at RHIC.

STAR Coll

2009-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

RHIC | Spin Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Spin Physics Spin Physics RHIC is the world's only machine capable of colliding high-energy beams of polarized protons, and is a unique tool for exploring the puzzle of the proton's 'missing' spin. In addition to colliding heavy ions, RHIC is able to collide single protons. While these collisions don't produce quark-gluon plasma, they're interesting to physicists for other reasons. Scientists want to know more about a property of particles called 'spin'. Spin is the direction a particle is spinning around an axis as it travels -- just like the Earth spins on its axis as it travels around the sun. Each proton has a specific spin, which helps give it a characteristic magnetic property. spin In this picture of a proton-proton collision, the spin of the particles is shown as arrows circling the spherical particles. The red and green

42

RHIC Newsroom  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Feature Stories Feature Stories Björn Schenke 490th Brookhaven Lecture, 12/18 December 13, 2013 Join Björn Schenke of Brookhaven Lab's Physics Department for the 490th Brookhaven Lecture, titled 'The Shape and Flow of Heavy Ion Collisions,' on Wednesday, Dec. 18, at 4 p.m. in Berkner Hall. droplets Tiny Drops of Hot Quark Soup-How Small Can They Be? December 06, 2013 New analyses indicate that collisions of small particles with large gold nuclei at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider may be serving up miniscule servings of hot quark-gluon plasma. Lokesh Kumar RHIC Physics Feeds Future High-Tech Workforce: Lokesh Kumar November 06, 2013 Search for "critical point" in early universe matter continues...from India. LHC magnets Backup Magnets Ready to Ship to LHC September 30, 2013

43

Science for the Future of RHIC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

77334-2006-IR 77334-2006-IR Future Science at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider December 30, 2006 Summary of the 2004 - 2005 RHIC II Science Working Groups 1 2 Table of contents 1. Overview 4 2. Summary of the first 5 years at RHIC 9 2..1. Heavy ion physics 9 2..2. Spin physics 18 3. The RHIC facility - evolution and future 22 4. Fundamental questions for the next ten years at RHIC 25 4.1. What are the phases of QCD matter? 25 4.2. What is the wave function of a heavy nucleus. 26 4.3. What is the wave function of the proton? 26 4.4. What is the nature of non-equilibrium processes in a fundamental theory? 27 5. The future physics program at RHIC 28 5.1. Equation of state and the QCD phase diagram 29 5.1.1. Dynamical considerations 29

44

FEL potential of eRHIC  

SciTech Connect

Brookhaven National Laboratory plans to build a 5-to-30 GeV energy-recovery linac (ERL) for its future electron-ion collider, eRHIC. In past few months, the Laboratory turned its attention to the potential of this unique machine for free electron lasers (FELS), which we initially assessed earlier. In this paper, we present our current vision of a possible FEL farm, and of narrow-band FEL-oscillators driven by this accelerator. eRHIC, the proposed electron-ion collider at BNL, takes advantage of the existing Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) complex. Plans call for adding a six-pass super-conducting (SRF) ERL to this complex to collide polarized- and unpolarized- electron beams with heavy ions (with energies up to 130 GeV per nucleon) and with polarized protons (with energies up to 325 GeV). RHIC, with a circumference of 3.834 km, has three-fold symmetry and six straight sections each {approx} 250 m long. Two of these straight sections will accommodate 703-MHz SRF linacs. The maximum energy of the electron beam in eRHIC will be reached in stages, from 5 GeV to 30 GeV, by increasing the lengths of its SRF linacs. We plan to install at the start the six-pass magnetic system with small gap magnets. The structure of the eRHIC's electron beam will be identical with that of its hadron beam, viz., 166 bunches will be filled, reserving about a one-microsecond gap for the abort kicker. With modest modifications, we can assure that eRHIC's ERL will become an excellent driver for continuous wave (CW) FELs (see Fig.1). The eRHIC's beam structure will support the operation of several such FELs in parasitic mode.

Litvinenko, V.N.; Ben-Zvi, I.; Hao, Y.; Kao, C-C.; Kayran, D.; Murphy, J.B.; Ptitsyn, V.; Trbojevic, D.; Tsoupas, N.

2010-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

45

PREVENTING POLLUTION USING ISO 14001 AT A PARTICLE ACCELERATOR THE RELATIVISTIC HEAVY ION COLLIDER PROJECT.  

SciTech Connect

In early 1997 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) discovered that the spent fuel pool of their High Flux Beam Reactor was leaking tritium into the groundwater. Community members, activist groups, politicians and regulators were outraged with the poor environmental management practices at BNL. The reactor was shut down and the Department of Energy (DOE) terminated the contract with the existing Management Company. At this same time, a major new scientific facility, the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), was nearing the end of construction and readying for commissioning. Although environmental considerations had been incorporated into the design of the facility; some interested parties were skeptical that this new facility would not cause significant environmental impacts. RHIC management recognized that the future of its operation was dependent on preventing pollution and allaying concerns of its stakeholders. Although never done at a DOE National Laboratory before Brookhaven Science Associates, the new management firm, committed to implementing an Environmental Management System (EMS) and RHIC managers volunteered to deploy it within their facility on an extremely aggressive schedule. Several of these IS0 requirements contribute directly to preventing pollution, an area where particular emphasis was placed. This paper describes how Brookhaven used the following key IS0 14001 elements to institutionalize Pollution Prevention concepts: Environmental Policy, Aspects, Objectives and Targets, Environmental Management Program, Structure and Responsibility, Operational Controls, Training, and Management Review. In addition, examples of implementation at the RHIC Project illustrate how BNL's premiere facility was able to demonstrate to interested parties that care had been taken to implement technological and administrative controls to minimize environmental impacts, while at the same time reduce the applicability of regulatory requirements to their operations.

BRIGGS,S.L.K.; MUSOLINO,S.V.

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Hydrodynamics at RHIC -- how well does it work, where and how does it break down?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I review the successes and limitations of the ideal fluid dynamic model in describing hadron emission spectra from Au+Au collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC).

Ulrich W. Heinz

2004-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

47

Decoupling correction system in RHIC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A global linear decoupling in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is going to be performed with the three families of skew quadrupoles. The operating horizontal and vertical betatron tunes in the RHIC will be separated by one unit ?x=28.19 and ?y=29.18. The linear coupling is corrected by minimizing the tune splitting ???the off diagonal matrix m (defined by Edwards and Teng). The skew quadrupole correction system is located close to each of the six interaction regions. A detail study of the system is presented by the use of the TEAPOT accelerator physics code.

D. Trbojevic; S. Tepikian; S. Peggs

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Decoupling correction system in RHIC  

SciTech Connect

A global linear decoupling in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is going to be performed with the three families of skew quadrupoles. The operating horizontal and vertical betatron tunes in the RHIC will be separated by one unit v{sub x}=28.19 and v{sub y}=29.18. The linear coupling is corrected by minimizing the tune splitting Dn-the off diagonal matrix m. The skew quadrupole correction system is located close to the each of the six interaction regions. A detail study of the system is presented by the use of the TEAPOT accelerator physics code.

Trbojevic, D.; Tepikian, S.; Peggs, S.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

49

Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider Funding Agencies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Funding Agencies Funding Agencies In addition to the operations funding received from the Office of Nuclear Physics within the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science, RHIC experiments receive funding from a variety of sources PHENIX U.S. National Science Foundation Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan Japan Society for the Promotion of Science National Council for Scientific and Technological Development, Brazil Research Supporting Foundation of the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil National Natural Science Foundation of China National Institute of Nuclear Physics and Particle Physics of the National Center for Scientific Research of France Atomic Energy Commission of France ARMINES (France) Federal Ministry of Education and Research of Germany

50

The Electron Beam Ion Source (EBIS)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Brookhaven National Lab has successfully developed a new pre-injector system, called the Electron Beam Ion Source, for the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and NASA Space Radiation Laboratory science programs. The first of several planned improvemen

Brookhaven Lab

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

51

The Electron Beam Ion Source (EBIS)  

SciTech Connect

Brookhaven National Lab has successfully developed a new pre-injector system, called the Electron Beam Ion Source, for the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and NASA Space Radiation Laboratory science programs. The first of several planned improvemen

Brookhaven Lab

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

52

Collider-Accelerator Department  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RHIC Tunnel and Magnets RHIC Tunnel and Magnets RHIC Tunnel and Magnets AGS Tunnel and Magnets NSRL Beamline RF Kicker Snake 200-MeV LINAC AGS Cold Snake Magnet About the Collider-Accelerator Department The mission of the Collider-Accelerator Department is to develop, improve and operate the suite of particle / heavy ion accelerators used to carry out the program of accelerator-based experiments at BNL; to support the experimental program including design, construction and operation of the beam transports to the experiments plus support of detector and research needs of the experiments; to design and construct new accelerator facilities in support of the BNL and national missions. The C-A Department supports an international user community of over 1500 scientists. The department performs all these functions in an environmentally responsible and safe manner under a rigorous conduct of operations approach.

53

RHIC | NSAC Recommendations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Excerpts from the "Report to NSAC on Implementing the 2007 Long Range Excerpts from the "Report to NSAC on Implementing the 2007 Long Range Plan" The full report of a Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) subcommittee charged with making recommendations for the field of nuclear physics under constrained budget scenarios and the "transmittal letter" delivering this report from NSAC to the Department of Energy and the National Science Foundation are now available online. Background on the task facing the subcommittee and documents presenting the scientific and economic impact of the research program at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at DOE's Brookhaven National Laboratory, one of three facilities described in detail in the report, can be found on the RHIC website here. What follows are direct quotes taken from the report that help to describe the

54

Experience with split transition lattices at RHIC  

SciTech Connect

During the acceleration process, heavy ion beams in RHIC cross the transition energy. When RHIC was colliding deuterons and gold ions during Run-8, lattices with different integer tunes were used for the two rings. This resulted in the two rings crossing transition at different times, which proved beneficial for the 'Yellow' ring, the RF system of which is slaved to the 'Blue' ring. For the symmetric gold-gold run in FY2010, lattices with different transition energies but equal tunes were implemented. We report the optics design concept as well as operational experience with this configuration.

Montag, C.; Tepikian, S.; Blaskiewicz, M.; Brennan, J.M.

2010-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

55

Ion injection from LEBT to RHIC EBIS Alexander Pikin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

space of ion beam with Iion=50.0 µA, Eion=21.0 keV. #12;Output ion beam X-X' and Y-Y' inside DT 12 -0.00 3.00 4.00 X (mm) Y(mrad) Y Xf' Yf' Y_sim Fig. 5. Final phase space of ion beam with Iion=1.0 m_ion_extr = U_cath-7.0 kV U_ion_lens = -42.0 kV U_adaptor = +8.0 kV U_grid= -2.0 kV Au+1, I_ion=50.0 mkA E

56

RHIC | Booster Synchrotron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Booster Synchrotron Booster Synchrotron Construction of the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) Booster was begun in 1986 and completed in 1991. The Booster is less than one quarter the size of the AGS. It is used to preaccelerate particles entering the AGS ring, increasing the intensity of the proton beams generated by the AGS. The Booster also plays an important role in the operation of the Relatavistic Heavy Ion Collider by accepting heavy ions from EBIS or protons from the 200-million electron volt (MeV) Linac. It then feeds them to the AGS for further acceleration and delivery to RHIC. After the installation of the heavy-ion transfer line in 1986, the AGS was capable of accelerating ions up to silicon with its atomic mass of 28. However, due to its superior vacuum, the Booster makes it possible for the AGS to

57

GLOBAL DECOUPLING ON THE RHIC RAMP.  

SciTech Connect

The global betatron decoupling on the ramp is an important issue for the operation of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), especially in the RHIC polarized proton (pp) run. To avoid the major betatron and spin resonances on the ramp, the betatron tunes are constrained. And the rms value of the vertical closed orbit should be smaller than 0.5mm. Both require the global coupling on the ramp to be well corrected. Several ramp decoupling schemes were found and tested at RHIC, like N-turn map decoupling, three-ramp correction, coupling amplitude modulation, and coupling phase modulation. In this article, the principles of these methods are shortly reviewed and compared. Among them, coupling angle modulation is a robust and fast one. It has been applied to the global decoupling in the routine RHIC operation.

LUO, Y.; CAMERON, P.; DELLA PENNA, A.; FISCHER, W.; ET AL.

2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

58

Modeling RHIC using the standard machine formal accelerator description  

SciTech Connect

The Standard Machine Format (SMF) is a structured description of accelerator lattices which supports both the hierarchy of beam lines and generic lattice objects as well as those deviations (field errors, alignment efforts, etc.) associated with each component of the as-installed machine. In this paper we discuss the use of SMF to describe the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) as well as the ancillary data structures (such as field quality measurements) that are necessarily incorporated into the RHIC SMF model. Future applications of SMF are outlined, including its use in the RHIC operational environment.

Pilat, F.; Trahern, C.G.; Wei, J. [and others

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

OPTIMIZATION OF THE PARAMETERS IN THE RHIC SINGLE CRYSTAL HEAVY ION COLLIMATION.  

SciTech Connect

In the framework of the project to design and test a collimation system prototype using bent channeling crystal for cleaning of the RHIC heavy ion beam halo, we have studied the optimal length and bending angle of a silicon (110) single crystal proposed to be a primary element situated upstream of the traditional heavy amorphous collimator. Besides the matters of the channeling and collimation efficiency, we also looked into the impact the crystal may have on the non-channeled particles that go on circulating in the ring, so as to reduce the momentum offset of the particles scattered of the crystal.

BIRYUKOV,V.M.; CHESNOKOV,Y.A.; KOTOV,V.I.; TRBOJEVIC,D.; STEVENS,A.

1999-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

60

PRESSURE OSCILLATION IN RHIC CRYOGENIC SYSTEM.  

SciTech Connect

HORIZONTAL BEAM VIBRATION AROUND 10HZ IN THE RELATIVISTIC HEAVY ION COLLIDER (RHIC) HAVE BEEN IDENTIFIED AND THE POSSIBLE SOURCES TO CAUSE THIS VIBRATION HAVE BEEN INVESTIGATED. TO DETERMINE THE HETIUM PRESSURE OSCILLATIONS AS A POSSIBLE PRIMARY VIBRATION SOURCE, HELIUM PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS WERE CARRIED OUT IN THE FIVE CRYOGENIC TRANSFER LINES AT 2 VALVE BOXES AND 6 LEAD PORTS AT 2 TRIPLET CRYOSTAT FOR BOTH MAGNET RINGS. ADDITIONALLY, COLD MA...

JIA,L.MONTAG,C.TALLERICO,T.HIRZEL,W.NICOLETTI,A.

2003-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Feasibility study of a laser ion source for primary ion injection into the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider electron beam ion sourcea...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Collider electron beam ion sourcea... Takeshi Kanesue Department of Applied Quantum Physics and Nuclear Okamura Collider-Accelerator Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973, USA are in the vacuum of about 10-4 Pa and are isolated from the rest of the beam line to allow the extraction of ions

62

OVERVIEW OF THE RHIC INSERTION REGION, SEXTUPOLE, AND SNAKE POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS.  

SciTech Connect

The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) was commissioned in 1999 and 2000. RHIC requires power supplies to supply currents to highly inductive superconducting magnets. The RHIC Insertion Region (IR) contains many shunt power supplies to trim the current of different magnet elements in a large superconducting magnet circuit. There are a total of 237 Insertion Region power supplies in both RHIC rings. RHIC also requires sextupole power supplies. One sextupole power supply is connected across 12 sextupole magnets. There are a total of 24 sextupole power supplies in both rings. Snake magnets are also a part of the RHIC ring, and these snake magnets also require power supplies. There shall be a total of 24 snake power supplies in both rings. Power supply technology, connections, control systems and interfacing with the Quench Protection System will be presented.

BRUNO,D.; ENG,W.; GANETIS,G.; LAMBIASE,R.F.; SANDBERG,J.

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

63

RHIC II Science Working Groups  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Workshops Workshops The series of RHIC II Science Workshops began in November 2004, at which time seven Working Groups were initiated. These groups met in workshops through 2005, with the purpose of providing an organized forum for the community to address and describe quantitatively the most important science issues for the proposed RHIC II luminosity upgrade, and corresponding detector upgrades. Each Working Group was led by three convenors representing theory and experiment, and each has produced a detailed report (except for the "New Directions" group, which provided a sounding board and input to the other groups). The Working Group reports are linked below. The summary "white paper" document, "Future Science at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider" (PDF), is based on these reports, and was prepared by a Writing Committee that included at least one convenor from each of the Working Groups.

64

Decoupling correction system in RHIC  

SciTech Connect

A global linear decoupling in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is going to be performed with the three families of skew quadrupoles. The operating horizontal and vertical betatron tunes in the RHIC will be separated by one unit [nu][sub x]=28.19 and [nu][sub y]=29.18. The linear coupling is corrected by minimizing the tune splitting [Delta][nu]-the off diagonal matrix [bold m] (defined by Edwards and Teng). The skew quadrupole correction system is located close to each of the six interaction regions. A detail study of the system is presented by the use of the TEAPOT accelerator physics code. [copyright] 1994 American Institute of Physics

Trbojevic, D.; Tepikian, S.; Peggs, S. (Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States))

1994-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

65

Workshop on the RHIC performance  

SciTech Connect

The most recent conceptual design manual for the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven was published in May 1986 (BNL 51932). The purpose of this workshop was to review the design specifications in this RHIC reference manual, and to discuss in detail possible improvements in machine performance by addressing four main areas. These areas are beam-beam interactions, stochastic cooling, rf and bunch instabilities. The contents of this proceedings are as follows. Following an overview of the workshop, in which the motivation and goals are discussed in detail, transcripts of the first day talks are given. Many of these transcripts are copies of the original transparencies presented at the meeting. The following four sections contain contributed papers, that resulted from discussions at the workshop within each of the four working groups. In addition, there is a group summary for each of the four working groups at the beginning of each section. Finally, a list of participants is given.

Khiari, F.; Milutinovic, J.; Ratti, A.; Rhoades-Brown, M.J. (eds.)

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Study of the Fundamental Structure of Matter with an Electron-Ion Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an overview of the scientific opportunities that would be offered by a high-energy electron-ion collider. We discuss the relevant physics of polarized and unpolarized electron-proton collisions and of electron-nucleus collisions. We also describe the current accelerator and detector plans for a future electron-ion collider.

Abhay Deshpande; Richard Milner; Raju Venugopalan; Werner Vogelsang

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

67

RHIC stochastic cooling motion control  

SciTech Connect

Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) beams are subject to Intra-Beam Scattering (IBS) that causes an emittance growth in all three-phase space planes. The only way to increase integrated luminosity is to counteract IBS with cooling during RHIC stores. A stochastic cooling system for this purpose has been developed, it includes moveable pick-ups and kickers in the collider that require precise motion control mechanics, drives and controllers. Since these moving parts can limit the beam path aperture, accuracy and reliability is important. Servo, stepper, and DC motors are used to provide actuation solutions for position control. The choice of motion stage, drive motor type, and controls are based on needs defined by the variety of mechanical specifications, the unique performance requirements, and the special needs required for remote operations in an accelerator environment. In this report we will describe the remote motion control related beam line hardware, position transducers, rack electronics, and software developed for the RHIC stochastic cooling pick-ups and kickers.

Gassner, D.; DeSanto, L.; Olsen, R.H.; Fu, W.; Brennan, J.M.; Liaw, CJ; Bellavia, S.; Brodowski, J.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

68

RHIC Videos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Brookhaven National Laboratory Brookhaven National Laboratory search U.S. Department of Energy logo Home RHIC Science News Images Videos For Scientists RHIC Videos Other Videos 401 LHC magnets Backup Magnets Ready to Ship to LHC Physicists and engineers in Brookhaven National Laboratory's Superconducting Magnet Division are in the final stages of assembling "replacement" magnets for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at Europe's CERN laboratory. 398 Photo of Milind Diwan Why Particle Physics Matters: Milind Diwan Particle physicists dedicate their lives to understanding the fundamental nature of energy, matter, space and time. Why do they do it? Symmetry magazine asked some of them to explain: Why does particle physics matter? 399 Photo of Elizabeth Worcester Why Particle Physics Matters: Elizabeth Worcester

69

Electron Ion Collider: The Next QCD Frontier Understanding  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron Electron Ion Collider: The Next QCD Frontier Understanding the glue that binds us all White Paper Writing Committee Elke C. Aschenauer Brookhaven National Laboratory William Brooks Universidad T´ ecnica Federico Santa Maria Abhay Deshpande 1 Stony Brook University Markus Diehl Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY Haiyan Gao Duke University Roy Holt Argonne National Laboratory Tanja Horn The Catholic University of America Andrew Hutton Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility Yuri Kovchegov The Ohio State University Krishna Kumar University of Massachusetts, Amherst Zein-Eddine Meziani 1 Temple University Alfred Mueller Columbia University Jianwei Qiu 1 Brookhaven National Laboratory Michael Ramsey-Musolf University of Wisconsin Thomas Roser Brookhaven National Laboratory 1 Co-Editor 1 Franck Sabati´ e Commissariat ` a l' ´ Energie Atomique-Saclay

70

Strangelet Search at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider  

SciTech Connect

We have searched for strangelets in a triggered sample of 61 million central (top 4percent) Au+Au collisions at sqrt sNN = 200 GeV near beam rapidities at the STAR solenoidal tracker detector at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. We have sensitivity to metastable strangelets with lifetimes of order>_0.1 ns, in contrast to limits over ten times longer in BNL Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) studies and longer still at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS). Upper limits of a few 10-6 to 10-7 per central Au+Au collision are set for strangelets with mass>~;;30 GeV/c2.

Ritter, Ha

2005-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

71

The Future of Hard and Electromagnetic Probes at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Potential near- and long-term physics opportunities with jets, heavy flavors and electromagnetic probes at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) are presented. Much new physics remains to be unveiled using these probes, due to their sensitivity to the initial high density stage of RHIC collisions, when quark-gluon plasma (QGP) formation is expected. Additional physics will include addressing deconfinement, chiral symmetry restoration, properties of the strongly-coupled QGP and a possible weakly-interacting QGP, color glass condensate in the initial state, and hadronization. To fully realize the physics prospects of the RHIC energy regime, new detector components must be added to existing experiments, the RHIC machine luminosity upgraded, and a possible new detector with significantly extended coverage and capabilities added.

John W. Harris

2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

72

MACHINE PROTECTION SYSTEM FOR CONCURRENT OPERATION OF RHIC AND BLIP.  

SciTech Connect

The Brookhaven 200MeV linac is a multipurpose machine used to inject low intensity polarized protons for RHIC (Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider), as well as to inject high intensity protons to BLIP (Brookhaven Linac Isotope Producer), a medical isotope production facility. If high intensity protons were injected to RHIC by mistake, administrative radiation limits could be exceeded or sensitive electronics could be damaged. In the past, the changeover from polarized proton to high intensity proton operation has been a lengthy process, thereby never allowing the two programs to run simultaneously. To remedy this situation and allow concurrent operation of RHIC and BLIP, an active interlock system has been designed to monitor current levels in the AGS using two current transformers with fail safe circuitry and associated electronics to inhibit beam to RHIC if high intensity currents are detected.

WILINSKI, M.; BELLAVIA, S.; GLENN, J.W.; MAUSNER, L.F.; UNGER, K.L.

2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

73

Design of Electron and Ion Crabbing Cavities for an Electron-Ion Collider  

SciTech Connect

Beyond the 12 GeV upgrade at the Jefferson Lab a Medium Energy Electron-Ion Collider (MEIC) has been considered. In order to achieve the desired high luminosities at the Interaction Points (IP), the use of crabbing cavities is under study. In this work, we will present to-date designs of superconducting cavities, considered for crabbing both ion and electron bunches. A discussion of properties such as peak surface fields and higher-order mode separation will be presented. Keywords: super conducting, deflecting cavity, crab cavity.

Alejandro Castilla Loeza, Geoffrey Krafft, Jean Delayen

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

RHIC POWER SUPPLIES-FAILURE STATISTICS FOR RUNS 4, 5, AND 6  

SciTech Connect

The two rings in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RFIIC) require a total of 933 power supplies to supply current to highly inductive superconducting magnets. Failure statistics for the RHIC power supplies will be failure associated with the CEPS group's responsibilities. presented for the last three RHIC runs. The failures of the power supplies will be analyzed. The statistics associated with the power supply failures will be presented. Comparisons of the failure statistics for the last three RHIC runs will be shown. Improvements that have increased power supply availability will be discussed.

BRUNO,D.; GANETIS, G.; SANDBERG, J.; LOUIE, W.; HEPPNER, G.; SCHULTHEISS, C.

2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

75

Improvement plans for the RHIC/AGS on-line model environments  

SciTech Connect

The on-line models for Relativistic Ion Collider (RHIC) and the RHIC pre-injectors (the AGS and the AGS Booster) can be thought of as containing our best collective knowledge of these accelerators. As we improve these on-line models we are building the framework to have a sophisticated model-based controls system. Currently the RHIC on-line model is an integral part of the controls system, providing the interface for tune control, chromaticity control, and non-linear chromaticity control. What we discuss in this paper is our vision of the future of the on-line model environment for RHIC and the RHIC preinjectors. Although these on-line models are primarily used as Courant-Snyder parameter calculators using live machine settings, we envision expanding these environments to encompass many other problem domains.

Brown,K.A.; Ahrens, L.; Beebe-Wang, J.; Morris, J.; Nemesure, S.; Robert-Demolaize, G.; Satogata, T.; Schoefer, V.; Tepikian, S.

2009-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

76

Heavy ion beam loss mechanisms at an electron-ion collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are currently several proposals to build a high-luminosity electron-ion collider, to study the spin structure of matter and measure parton densities in heavy nuclei, and to search for gluon saturation and new phenomena like the colored glass condensate. These measurements require operation with heavy-nuclei. We calculate the cross-sections for two important processes that will affect accelerator and detector operations: bound-free pair production, and Coulomb excitation of the nuclei. Both of these reactions have large cross-sections, 28-56 mb, which can lead to beam ion losses, produce beams of particles with altered charge:mass ratio, and produce a large flux of neutrons in zero degree calorimeters. The loss of beam particles limits the sustainable electron-ion luminosity to levels of several times $10^{32}/$cm$^2$/s.

Spencer R. Klein

2014-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

77

Strongly interacting matter at RHIC: experimental highlights  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent experimental results obtained at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) will be discussed. Investigations of different nucleus-nucleus collisions in recent years focus on two main tasks, namely, the detailed study of sQGP properties and the exploration of the QCD phase diagram. Results at top RHIC energy provide important information about event shapes as well as transport and thermodynamic properties of the hot medium for various flavors. Heavy-ion collisions are a unique tool for the study of topological properties of theory. Experimental results obtained for discrete QCD symmetries at finite temperatures are discussed. These results confirm indirectly the topologically non-trivial structure of the QCD vacuum. Most results obtained during phase-I of the RHIC beam energy scan (BES) program show smooth behavior vs initial energy. However, certain results suggest the transition in the domain of dominance of hadronic degrees of freedom at center-of-mass energies between 10-20 GeV. Future developments and more precise studies of features of the QCD phase diagram in the framework of phase-II of RHIC BES will be briefly discussed.

V. A. Okorokov

2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

78

Comparison of accelerator codes for a RHIC (Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider) lattice  

SciTech Connect

We present the results of comparison of performances of several tracking or/and analysis codes. The basic purpose of this program was to assess reliability and accuracy of these codes, i.e., to determine the so-called ''error bars'' for the predicted values of tunes and other lattice functions as a minimum and, if possible, to discover potential difficulties with underlying physical models in these codes, inadequate algorithms, residual bugs and the like. Not only have we been able to determine the error bars, which for instance for the tunes at dp/p = +1% are ..delta nu../sub xi/ = 0.0027, ..delta nu../sub y/ = 0.0010, but also our program has brought about improvements of several codes. 8 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

Milutinovic, J.; Ruggiero, A.G.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Preservation and control of the proton and deuteron polarizations in the proposed electron-ion collider at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

We propose a scheme of preserving the proton and deuteron beam polarizations during acceleration and storage in the proposed electron-ion collider at Jefferson Lab. This scheme allows one to provide both the longitudinal and transverse polarization orientations of the proton and deuteron beams at the interaction points of the figure-8 ion collider ring. We discuss questions of matching the polarization direction at all stages of the beam transport including the pre-booster, large booster and ion collider ring.

Kondratenko, Anatoliy [Scientific and Technical Laboratory Zaryad, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Derbenev, Yaroslav S. [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States); Filatov, Yury [Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudny (Russian Federation); Lin, Fanglei [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States); Morozov, Vasiliy [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States); Kondratenko, M. A. [Scientific and Technical Laboratory Zaryad, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Zhang, Yuhong [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

RHIC Mid-Term Strategic Plan: 2006-2011  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mid-Term Strategic Plan: 2006-2011 Mid-Term Strategic Plan: 2006-2011 For the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider At Brookhaven National Laboratory Prepared by Brookhaven National Laboratory With the RHIC Scientific Community For the U.S. Department of Energy February 14, 2006 1 Table of Contents 1. Introduction............................................................... 3 1.1 BNL's vision for RHIC 1.2 Mid-Term strategy - motivation and overview 2. The science case for the future ....................................... 9 2.1 Discoveries in the first five years 2.2 Implications for the future program at RHIC 2.3 Exploring QCD matter 2.4 Gluon saturation 2.5 The spin structure of the nucleon 2.6 Physics goals for the mid-term 3. The mid-term run plan: 2006 - 2011................................ 24

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Design of the Proposed Low Energy Ion Collider Ring at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

The polarized Medium energy Electron-Ion Collider (MEIC) envisioned at Jefferson Lab will cover a range of center-of-mass energies up to 65 GeV. The present MEIC design could also allow the accommodation of low energy electron-ion collisions (LEIC) for additional science reach. This paper presents the first design of the low energy ion collider ring which is converted from the large ion booster of MEIC. It can reach up to 25 GeV energy for protons and equivalent ion energies of the same magnetic rigidity. An interaction region and an electron cooler designed for MEIC are integrated into the low energy collider ring, in addition to other required new elements including crab cavities and ion spin rotators, for later reuse in MEIC itself. A pair of vertical chicanes which brings the low energy ion beams to the plane of the electron ring and back to the low energy ion ring are also part of the design.

Nissen, Edward W. [JLAB; Lin, Fanglei [JLAB; Morozov, Vasiliy [JLAB; Zhang, Yuhong [JLAB

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Gatling gun: high average polarized current injector for eRHIC  

SciTech Connect

This idea was originally developed in 2001 for, at that time, an ERL-based (and later recirculating-ring) electron-ion collider at JLab. Naturally the same idea is applicable for any gun requiring current exceeding capability of a single cathode. ERL-based eRHIC is one of such cases. This note related to eRHIC was prepared at Duke University in February 2003. In many case photo-injectors can have a limited average current - it is especially true about polarized photo-guns. It is know that e-RHIC requires average polarized electron current well above currently demonstrated by photo-injectors - hence combining currents from multiple guns is can be useful option for eRHIC.

Litvinenko, V.N.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

LEIC - A Polarized Low Energy Electron-ion Collider at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

A polarized electron-ion collider is envisioned as the future nuclear science program at JLab beyond the 12 GeV CEBAF. Presently, a medium energy collider (MEIC) is set as an immediate goal with options for a future energy upgrade. A comprehensive design report for MEIC has been released recently. The MEIC facility could also accommodate electron and proton/ion collisions in a low CM energy range, covering proton energies from 10 to 25 GeV and ion energies with a similar magnetic rigidity, for additional science reach. In this paper, we present a conceptual design of this low energy collider, LEIC, showing its luminosity can reach above 10{sup 33} cm{sup -2}s{sup -1}. The design specifies that the large booster of the MEIC is converted to a low energy ion collider ring with an interaction region and an electron cooler integrated into it. The design provides options for either sharing the detector with the MEIC or a dedicated low energy detector in a third collision point, with advantages of either a minimum cost or extra detection parallel to the MEIC operation, respectively. The LEIC could be positioned as the first and low cost phase of a multi-stage approach to realize the full MEIC.

Derbenev, Yaroslav S. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Hutton, Andrew M. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Krafft, Geoffrey A. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Li, Rui [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Lin, Fanglei [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Morozov, Vasiliy [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Nissen, Edward W. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Yunn, Byung C. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Zhang, He [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Sullivan, Michael K. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Zhang, Yuhong [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States)

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

CONTROLS AND DIAGNOSTICS FOR THE HIGH CURRENT ELECTRON BEAM ION SOURCE AT BNL *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONTROLS AND DIAGNOSTICS FOR THE HIGH CURRENT ELECTRON BEAM ION SOURCE AT BNL * E. Beebe, J Test Stand (EBTS), is a full electron beam power, half ion trap length prototype for an Electron Beam Ion Source (EBIS) that could meet requirements for the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC

85

Strongly interacting matter at RHIC: experimental highlights  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent experimental results obtained at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) will be discussed. Investigations of different nucleus-nucleus collisions in recent years focus on two main tasks, namely, the detailed study of sQGP properties and the exploration of the QCD phase diagram. Results at top RHIC energy provide important information about event shapes as well as transport and thermodynamic properties of the hot medium for various flavors. Heavy-ion collisions are a unique tool for the study of topological properties of theory. Experimental results obtained for discrete QCD symmetries at finite temperatures are discussed. These results confirm indirectly the topologically non-trivial structure of the QCD vacuum. Most results obtained during phase-I of the RHIC beam energy scan (BES) program show smooth behavior vs initial energy. However, certain results suggest the transition in the domain of dominance of hadronic degrees of freedom at center-of-mass energies between 10-20 GeV. Future developments...

Okorokov, V A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Fluctuations as probe of the QCD phase transition and freeze-out in heavy ion collisions at LHC and RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the relevance of higher order moments of net baryon number fluctuations for the analysis of freeze-out and critical conditions in heavy ion collisions at LHC and RHIC. Using properties of O(4) scaling functions, we discuss the generic structure of these higher moments at vanishing baryon chemical potential and apply chiral model calculations to explore their properties at non-zero baryon chemical potential. We show that the ratios of the sixth to second and eighth to second order moments of the net baryon number fluctuations change rapidly in the transition region of the QCD phase diagram. Already at vanishing baryon chemical potential they deviate considerably from the predictions of the hadron resonance gas model which reproduce the second to fourth order moments of the net proton number fluctuations at RHIC. We point out that the sixth order moments of baryon number and electric charge fluctuations remain negative at the chiral transition temperature. Thus, they offer the possibility to probe the proximity of the thermal freeze-out to the crossover line.

B. Friman; F. Karsch; K. Redlich; V. Skokov

2011-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

87

Stochastic cooling in RHIC  

SciTech Connect

The full 6-dimensional [x,x'; y,y'; z,z'] stochastic cooling system for RHIC was completed and operational for the FY12 Uranium-Uranium collider run. Cooling enhances the integrated luminosity of the Uranium collisions by a factor of 5, primarily by reducing the transverse emittances but also by cooling in the longitudinal plane to preserve the bunch length. The components have been deployed incrementally over the past several runs, beginning with longitudinal cooling, then cooling in the vertical planes but multiplexed between the Yellow and Blue rings, next cooling both rings simultaneously in vertical (the horizontal plane was cooled by betatron coupling), and now simultaneous horizontal cooling has been commissioned. The system operated between 5 and 9 GHz and with 3 x 10{sup 8} Uranium ions per bunch and produces a cooling half-time of approximately 20 minutes. The ultimate emittance is determined by the balance between cooling and emittance growth from Intra-Beam Scattering. Specific details of the apparatus and mathematical techniques for calculating its performance have been published elsewhere. Here we report on: the method of operation, results with beam, and comparison of results to simulations.

Brennan J. M.; Blaskiewicz, M.; Mernick, K.

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

88

RHIC chromatic correction system  

SciTech Connect

The chromaticity correction system, including the nonliner correction, for the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is presented. Expected multipoles in the superconducting magnets have shown the the octupole and decapole might be large enough to reduce the momentum aperture and introduce undesirable nonlinear chromatic behavior of the machine. Simulations of these conditions have been performed with the accelerator physics tracking code TEAPOT. The chromatic dependence curves were obtained by the least square fitting. A correction to the first and the second order terms were applied by using two sextupole and two octupole circuits. The decapole correction system has been applied to correct for the third order dependence on momentum. The long term tracking studies at injection did not include the decapole correction. The studies showed that the octupole correction system significantly improves the dynamical aperture at the injection. The decapole system would not be necessary at commissioning of the machine but the correction magnets will be available. At the top energy, as to be expected, the low beta quadrupoles are the dominant source of the nonlinear momentum dependence. [copyright] 1994 American Institute of Physics

Trbojevic, D.; Wei, J.; Tepikian, S.; Peggs, S.; Dell, G.F.; Satogata, T. (Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States))

1994-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

89

RHIC chromatic correction system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The chromaticity correction system including the nonliner correction for the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is presented. Expected multipoles in the superconducting magnets have shown the the octupole and decapole might be large enough to reduce the momentum aperture and introduce undesirable nonlinear chromatic behavior of the machine. Simulations of these conditions have been performed with the accelerator physics tracking code TEAPOT. The chromatic dependence curves were obtained by the least square fitting. A correction to the first and the second order terms were applied by using two sextupole and two octupole circuits. The decapole correction system has been applied to correct for the third order dependence on momentum. The long term tracking studies at injection did not include the decapole correction. The studies showed that the octupole correction system significantly improves the dynamical aperture at the injection. The decapole system would not be necessary at commissioning of the machine but the correction magnets will be available. At the top energy as to be expected the low beta quadrupoles are the dominant source of the nonlinear momentum dependence.

D. Trbojevic; J. Wei; S. Tepikian; S. Peggs; G. F. Dell; T. Satogata

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

RHIC chromatic correction system  

SciTech Connect

The chromaticity correction system, including the nonlinear correction, for the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is presented. Expected multipoles in the superconducting magnets have shown that the octupole and decapole might be large enough to reduce the momentum aperture and introduce undesirable nonlinear chromatic behavior of the machine. Simulations of these conditions have been performed with the accelerator physics tracking code TEAPOT. The chromatic dependence curves were obtained by the least square fitting. A correction to the first and the second order terms were applied by using two sextupole and two octupole circuits. The decapole correction system has been applied to correct for the third order dependence on momentum. The long term tracking studies at injection did not include the decapole correction. The studies showed that the octupole correction system significantly improves the dynamical aperture at the injection. The decapole system would not be necessary at commissioning of the machine but the correction magnets will be available. At the top energy, as to be expected, the low beta quadrupoles are the dominant source of the nonlinear momentum dependence.

Trbojevic, D.; Wei, J.; Tepikian, S.; Peggs, S.; Dell, F.; Satogata, T.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

91

RHIC | Booster Synchrotron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron Beam Ion Source Photo of LINAC The Brookhaven Collider-Accelerator Department, with the support of DOE's Office of Nuclear Physics, has successfully developed a new...

92

PHENIX Conceptual Design Report. An experiment to be performed at the Brookhaven National Laboratory Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider  

SciTech Connect

The PHENIX Conceptual Design Report (CDR) describes the detector design of the PHENIX experiment for Day-1 operation at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The CDR presents the physics capabilities, technical details, cost estimate, construction schedule, funding profile, management structure, and possible upgrade paths of the PHENIX experiment. The primary goals of the PHENIX experiment are to detect the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) and to measure its properties. Many of the potential signatures for the QGP are measured as a function of a well-defined common variable to see if any or all of these signatures show a simultaneous anomaly due to the formation of the QGP. In addition, basic quantum chromodynamics phenomena, collision dynamics, and thermodynamic features of the initial states of the collision are studied. To achieve these goals, the PHENIX experiment measures lepton pairs (dielectrons and dimuons) to study various properties of vector mesons, such as the mass, the width, and the degree of yield suppression due to the formation of the QGP. The effect of thermal radiation on the continuum is studied in different regions of rapidity and mass. The e{mu} coincidence is measured to study charm production, and aids in understanding the shape of the continuum dilepton spectrum. Photons are measured to study direct emission of single photons and to study {pi}{sup 0} and {eta} production. Charged hadrons are identified to study the spectrum shape, production of antinuclei, the {phi} meson (via K{sup +}K{sup {minus}} decay), jets, and two-boson correlations. The measurements are made down to small cross sections to allow the study of high p{sub T} spectra, and J/{psi} and {Upsilon} production. The PHENIX collaboration consists of over 300 scientists, engineers, and graduate students from 43 institutions in 10 countries. This large international collaboration is supported by US resources and significant foreign resources.

Not Available

1993-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

93

C-A/AP/#245 Electron gun for RHIC EBIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C-A/AP/#245 July 2006 Electron gun for RHIC EBIS Alexander Pikin Collider-Accelerator Department Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, NY 11973 #12;Electron gun for RHIC EBIS Alexander Pikin 1. Introduction The method of forming the electron beam in a new gun for RHIC EBIS is the same as is being used for a Test

94

Measurements of phi meson production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Vasilevski,13 A. N. Vasiliev,32 F. Videbaek,3 S. E. Vigdor,16 Y. P. Viyogi,14 S. Vokal,12 S. A. Voloshin,49 M. Wada,42 W. T. Waggoner,10 F. Wang,33 G. Wang,6 J. S. Wang,21 Q. Wang,33 X. Wang,43 X. L. Wang,38 Y. Wang,43 J. C. Webb,45 G. D. Westfall,25 C...

Abelev, B. I.; Aggarwal, M. M.; Ahammed, Z.; Anderson, B. D.; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G. S.; Bai, Y.; Balewski, J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, L. S.; Baudot, J.; Baumgart, S.; Beavis, D. R.; Bellwied, R.; Benedosso, F.; Betts, R. R.; Bhardwaj, S.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, A. K.; Bichsel, H.; Bielcik, J.; Bielcikova, J.; Biritz, B.; Bland, L. C.; Blyth, S. -L; Bombara, M.; Bonner, B. E.; Botje, M.; Bouchet, J.; Braidot, E.; Brandin, A. V.; Bruna, E.; Bueltmann, S.; Burton, T. P.; Bystersky, M.; Cai, X. Z.; Caines, H.; Sanchez, M. Calderon de la Barca; Callner, J.; Catu, O.; Cebra, D.; Cendejas, R.; Cervantes, M. C.; Chajecki, Z.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, H. F.; Chen, J. H.; Chen, J. Y.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Choi, K. E.; Christie, W.; Chung, S. U.; Clarke, R. F.; Codrington, M. J. M.; Coffin, J. P.; Cormier, T. M.; Cosentino, M. R.; Cramer, J. G.; Crawford, H. J.; Das, D.; Dash, S.; Daugherity, M.; De Silva, C.; Dedovich, T. G.; DePhillips, M.; Derevschikov, A. A.; de Souza, R. Derradi; Didenko, L.; Djawotho, P.; Dogra, S. M.; Dong, X.; Drachenberg, J. L.; Draper, J. E.; Du, F.; Dunlop, J. C.; Mazumdar, M. R. Dutta; Edwards, W. R.; Efimov, L. G.; Elhalhuli, E.; Elnimr, M.; Emelianov, V.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Estienne, M.; Eun, L.; Fachini, P.; Fatemi, R.; Fedorisin, J.; Feng, A.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fine, V.; Fisyak, Y.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Gaillard, L.; Gangadharan, D. R.; Ganti, M. S.; Garcia-Solis, E.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gorbunov, Y. N.; Gordon, A.; Grebenyuk, O.; Grosnick, D.; Grube, B.; Guertin, S. M.; Guimaraes, K. S. F. F.; Gupta, A.; Gupta, N.; Guryn, W.; Haag, B.; Hallman, T. J.; Hamed, A.; Harris, J. W.; He, W.; Heinz, M.; Heppelmann, S.; Hippolyte, B.; Hirsch, A.; Hoffman, A. M.; Hoffmann, G. W.; Hofman, D. J.; Hollis, R. S.; Huang, H. Z.; Humanic, T. J.; Igo, G.; Iordanova, A.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, W. W.; Jakl, P.; Jin, F.; Jones, P. G.; Joseph, J.; Judd, E. G.; Kabana, S.; Kajimoto, K.; Kang, K.; Kapitan, J.; Kaplan, M.; Keane, D.; Kechechyan, A.; Kettler, D.; Khodyrev, V. Yu; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Klein, S. R.; Knospe, A. G.; Kocoloski, A.; Koetke, D. D.; Kopytine, M.; Kotchenda, L.; Kouchpil, V.; Kravtsov, P.; Kravtsov, V. I.; Krueger, K.; Krus, M.; Kuhn, C.; Kumar, L.; Kurnadi, P.; Lamont, M. A. C.; Landgraf, J. M.; LaPointe, S.; Lauret, J.; Lebedev, A.; Lednicky, R.; Lee, C. -H; LeVine, M. J.; Li, C.; Li, Y.; Lin, G.; Lin, X.; Lindenbaum, S. J.; Lisa, M. A.; Liu, F.; Liu, H.; Liu, J.; Liu, L.; Ljubicic, T.; Llope, W. J.; Longacre, R. S.; Love, W. A.; Lu, Y.; Ludlam, T.; Lynn, D.; Ma, G. L.; Ma, J. G.; Ma, Y. G.; Mahapatra, D. P.; Majka, R.; Mall, M. I.; Mangotra, L. K.; Manweiler, R.; Margetis, S.; Markert, C.; Matis, H. S.; Matulenko, Yu A.; McShane, T. S.; Meschanin, A.; Millane, J.; Miller, M. L.; Minaev, N. G.; Mioduszewski, Saskia; Mischke, A.; Mitchell, J.; Mohanty, B.; Morozov, D. A.; Munhoz, M. G.; Nandi, B. K.; Nattrass, C.; Nayak, T. K.; Nelson, J. M.; Nepali, C.; Netrakanti, P. K.; Ng, M. J.; Nogach, L. V.; Nurushev, S. B.; Odyniec, G.; Ogawa, A.; Okada, H.; Okorokov, V.; Olson, D.; Pachr, M.; Page, B. S.; Pal, S. K.; Pandit, Y.; Panebratsev, Y.; Pawlak, T.; Peitzmann, T.; Perevoztchikov, V.; Perkins, C.; Peryt, W.; Phatak, S. C.; Planinic, M.; Pluta, J.; Poljak, N.; Poskanzer, A. M.; Potukuchi, B. V. K. S.; Prindle, D.; Pruneau, C.; Pruthi, N. K.; Putschke, J.; Raniwala, R.; Raniwala, S.; Ray, R. L.; Reed, R.; Ridiger, A.; Ritter, H. G.; Roberts, J. B.; Rogachevskiy, O. V.; Romero, J. L.; Rose, A.; Roy, C.; Ruan, L.; Russcher, M. J.; Rykov, V.; Sahoo, R.; Sakrejda, I.; Sakuma, T.; Salur, S.; Sandweiss, J.; Sarsour, M.; Schambach, J.; Scharenberg, R. P.; Schmitz, N.; Seger, J.; Selyuzhenkov, I.; Seyboth, P.; Shabetai, A.; Shahaliev, E.; Shao, M.; Sharma, M.; Shi, S. S.; Shi, X. -H; Sichtermann, E. P.; Simon, F.; Singaraju, R. N.; Skoby, M. J.; Smirnov, N.; Snellings, R.; Sorensen, P.; Sowinski, J.; Spinka, H. M.; Srivastava, B.; Stadnik, A.; Stanislaus, T. D. S.; Staszak, D.; Strikhanov, M.; Stringfellow, B.; Suaide, A. A. P.; Suarez, M. C.; Subba, N. L.; Sumbera, M.; Sun, X. M.; Sun, Y.; Sun, Z.; Surrow, B.; Symons, T. J. M.; de Toledo, A. Szanto; Takahashi, J.; Tang, A. H.; Tang, Z.; Tarnowsky, T.; Thein, D.; Thomas, J. H.; Tian, J.; Timmins, A. R.; Timoshenko, S.; Tlusty; Tokarev, M.; Trainor, T. A.; Tram, V. N.; Trattner, A. L.; Trentalange, S.; Tribble, Robert E.; Tsai, O. D.; Ulery, J.; Ullrich, T.; Underwood, D. G.; Van Buren, G.; van Leeuwen, M.; Vander Molen, A. M.; Vanfossen, J. A.; Varma, R., Jr.; Vasconcelos, G. M. S.; Vasilevski, I. M.; Vasiliev, A. N.; Videbaek, F.; Vigdor, S. E.; Viyogi, Y. P.; Vokal, S.; Voloshin, S. A.; Wada, M.; Waggoner, W. T.; Wang, F.; Wang, G.; Wang, J. S.; Wang, Q.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Transverse energy and charged particle production in heavy-ion collisions: From RHIC to LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the charged particle and transverse energy production mechanism from AGS, SPS, RHIC to LHC energies in the framework of nucleon and quark participants. At RHIC and LHC energies, the number of nucleons-normalized charged particle and transverse energy density in pseudorapidity, which shows a monotonic rise with centrality, turns out to be an almost centrality independent scaling behaviour when normalized to the number of participant quarks. A universal function which is a combination of logarithmic and power-law, describes well the charged particle and transverse energy production both at nucleon and quark participant level for the whole range of collision energies. Energy dependent production mechanisms are discussed both for nucleonic and partonic level. Predictions are made for the pseudorapidity densities of transverse energy, charged particle multiplicity and their ratio (the barometric observable, $\\frac{dE_{\\rm{T}}/d\\eta}{dN_{\\rm{ch}}/d\\eta} ~\\equiv \\frac{E_{\\rm{T}}}{N_{\\rm{ch}}}$) at mid-rapidity for Pb+Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm{NN}}}=5.5$ TeV. A comparison with models based on gluon saturation and statistical hadron gas is made for the energy dependence of $\\frac{E_{\\rm{T}}}{N_{\\rm{ch}}}$.

Raghunath Sahoo; Aditya Nath Mishra

2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

96

Superconducting RF systems for eRHIC  

SciTech Connect

The proposed electron-hadron collider eRHIC will consist of a six-pass 30-GeV electron Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) and one of RHIC storage rings operating with energy up to 250 GeV. The collider design extensively utilizes superconducting RF (SRF) technology in both electron and hadron parts. This paper describes various SRF systems, their requirements and parameters.

Belomestnykh S.; Ben-Zvi, I.; Brutus, J.C.; Hahn, H. et al

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

97

Calculation of synchrotron radiation from high intensity electron beam at eRHIC  

SciTech Connect

The Electron-Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (eRHIC) at Brookhaven National Lab is an upgrade project for the existing RHIC. A 30 GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) will provide a high charge and high quality electron beam to collide with proton and ion beams. This will improve the luminosity by at least 2 orders of magnitude. The synchrotron radiation (SR) from the bending magnets and strong quadrupoles for such an intense beam could be penetrating the vacuum chamber and producing hazards to electronic devices and undesired background for detectors. In this paper, we calculate the SR spectral intensity, power density distributions and heat load on the chamber wall. We suggest the wall thickness required to stop the SR and estimate spectral characteristics of the residual and scattered background radiation outside the chamber.

Jing Y.; Chubar, O.; Litvinenko, V.

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

98

The Design of a Large Booster Ring for the Medium Energy Electron-Ion Collider at Jlab  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we present the current design of the large booster ring for the Medium energy Electron-Ion Collider at Jefferson Lab. The booster ring takes 3 GeV protons or ions of equivalent rigidity from a pre-booster ring, and accelerates them to 20 GeV for protons or equivalent energy for light to heavy ions before sending them to the ion collider ring. The present design calls for a figure-8 shape of the ring for superior preservation of ion polarization. The ring is made of warm magnets and shares a tunnel with the two collider rings. Acceleration is achieved by warm RF systems. The linear optics has been designed with the transition energy above the highest beam energy in the ring so crossing of transition energy will be avoided. Preliminary beam dynamics studies including chromaticity compensation are presented in this paper.

Edward Nissen, Todd Satogata, Yuhong Zhang

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Effect of 3D Polarization profiles on polarization measurements and colliding beam experiments  

SciTech Connect

The development of polarization profiles are the primary reason for the loss of average polarization. Polarization profiles have been parametrized with a Gaussian distribution. We derive the effect of 3-dimensional polarization profiles on the measured polarization in polarimeters, as well as the observed polarization and the figure of merit in single and double spin experiments. Examples from RHIC are provided. The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is the only collider of spin polarized protons. During beam acceleration and storage profiles of the polarization P develop, which affect the polarization measured in a polarimeter, and the polarization and figure of merit (FOM) in colliding beam experiments. We calculate these for profiles in all dimensions, and give examples for RHIC. Like in RHIC we call the two colliding beams Blue and Yellow. We use the overbar to designate intensity-weighted averages in polarimeters (e.g. {bar P}), and angle brackets to designate luminosity-weighted averages in colliding beam experiments (e.g.

).

Fischer, W.; Bazilevsky, A.

2011-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

100

MEASUREMENT OF ION BEAM FROM LASER ION SOURCE FOR RHIC Takeshi Kanesue, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan Jun Tamura, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8550, Japan Radiation Laboratory [1]. The low charge state, low emittance and high ion yield laser ion source (LIS

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

ACHROMATIC LOW-BETA INTERACTION REGION DESIGN FOR AN ELECTRON-ION COLLIDER  

SciTech Connect

An achromatic Interaction Region (IR) design concept is presented with an emphasis on its application at an electron-ion collider. A specially-designed symmetric Chromaticity Compensation Block (CCB) induces an angle spread in the passing beam such that it cancels the chromatic kick of the final focusing quadrupoles. Two such CCB's placed symmetrically around an interaction point (IP) allow simultaneous compensation of the 1st-order chromaticities and chromatic beam smear at the IP without inducing significant 2nd-order aberrations. Special attention is paid to the difference in the electron and ion IR design requirements. We discuss geometric matching of the electron and ion IR footprints. We investigate limitations on the momentum acceptance in this IR design.

Vasiliy Morozov, Yaroslav Derbenev

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

The effects of the RHIC E-lenses magnetic structure layout on the proton beam trajectory  

SciTech Connect

We are designing two electron lenses (E-lens) to compensate for the large beam-beam tune spread from proton-proton interactions at IP6 and IP8 in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). They will be installed in RHIC IR10. First, the layout of these two E-lenses is introduced. Then the effects of e-lenses on proton beam are discussed. For example, the transverse fields of the e-lens bending solenoids and the fringe field of the main solenoids will shift the proton beam. For the effects of the e-lens on proton beam trajectory, we calculate the transverse kicks that the proton beam receives in the electron lens via Opera at first. Then, after incorporating the simplified E-lens lattice in the RHIC lattice, we obtain the closed orbit effect with the Simtrack Code.

Gu, X.; Pikin, A.; Luo, Y.; Okamura, M.; Fischer, W.; Gupta, R.; Hock, J.; Raparia, D.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

103

Has the QCD Critical Point Been Signaled by Observations at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider?  

SciTech Connect

The shear viscosity to entropy ratio ({eta}/s) is estimated for the hot and dense QCD matter created in Au+Au collisions at BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider ({radical}(s{sub NN})=200 GeV). A very low value is found; {eta}/s{approx}0.1, which is close to the conjectured lower bound (1/4{pi}). It is argued that such a low value is indicative of thermodynamic trajectories for the decaying matter which lie close to the QCD critical end point.

Lacey, Roy A.; Ajitanand, N. N.; Alexander, J. M.; Chung, P.; Holzmann, W. G.; Issah, M.; Taranenko, A. [Department of Chemistry, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3400 (United States); Danielewicz, P. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824-1321 (United States); Stoecker, Horst [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitaet D60438 Frankfurt (Germany)

2007-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

104

Electron cloud observations and cures in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Since 2001, the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider has experienced electron cloud effects, some of which have limited the beam intensity. These include dynamic pressure rises (including pressure instabilities), tune shifts, a reduction of the instability threshold for bunches crossing the transition energy, and possibly incoherent emittance growth. We summarize the main observations in operation and dedicated experiments as well as countermeasures including baking, nonevaporable getter coated warm beam pipes, solenoids, bunch patterns, antigrazing rings, prepumped cold beam pipes, scrubbing, and operation with long bunches.

W. Fischer, M. Blaskiewicz, J. M. Brennan, H. Huang, H.-C. Hseuh, V. Ptitsyn, T. Roser, P. Thieberger, D. Trbojevic, J. Wei, S. Y. Zhang, and U. Iriso

2008-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

105

STAR Highlights on Heavy Ion Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RHIC-STAR is a mid-rapidity collider experiment for studying high energy nuclear collisions. The main physics goals of STAR experiment are 1) studying the properties of the strongly coupled Quark Gluon Plasma, 2) explore the QCD phase diagram structure. In these proceedings, we will review the recent results of heavy ion physics at STAR.

Shusu Shi

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

106

ELECTRON POLARIZATION IN THE MEDIUM-ENERGY ELECTRON-ION COLLIDER AT JLAB  

SciTech Connect

A key feature of the Medium-energy Electron-Ion Collider (MEIC) at Jefferson Lab is high polarization (over 80%) of the electron beam at all collision points for the particle physics program. The equilibrium electron polarization is arranged to be vertical in the arcs of the figure-8 collider ring of the MEIC and anti-parallel to the arc dipole magnetic fields, in order to take advantage of the preservation of polarization by the Sokolov-Ternov (S-T) effect. Longitudinal polarization is achieved at collision points by utilizing energy-independent universal spin rotators each of which consists of a set of solenoids and dipoles placed at the end of an arc. The equilibrium beam polarization and its lifetime depend on competition between the S-T effect and radiative depolarization. The latter must be suppressed by spin matching. This paper reports on investigations of polarization in the MEIC electron collider ring and a preliminary estimate of beam polarization from calculations using the code SLICK.

Fanglei Lin, Yaroslav Derbenev, Vasiliy Morozov, Yuhong Zhang, Desmond Barber

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Tests of an RF Dipole Crabbing Cavity for an Electron-Ion Collider  

SciTech Connect

On the scheme of developing a medium energy electron-ion collider (MEIC) at Jefferson Lab, we have designed a compact superconducting rf dipole cavity at 750 MHz to crab both electron and ion bunches and increase luminosities at the interaction points (IP) of the machine. Following the design optimization and characterization of the electromagnetic properties such as peak surface fields and shunt impedance, along with field nonuniformities, multipole components content, higher order modes (HOM) and multipacting, a prototype cavity was built by Niowave Inc. The 750 MHz prototype crab cavity has been tested at 4 K and is ready for re-testing at 4 K and 2 K at Jefferson Lab. In this paper we present the detailed results of the rf tests performed on the 750 MHz crab cavity prototype.

Castilla Loeza, Alejandro [ODU, JLAB; Delayen, Jean R. [ODU, JLAB

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

RHIC & AGS Userscenter;User Facilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

User Facilities User Facilities Experimenters work at one of five user facilities. The largest of these facilities is the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), others include the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron facility (AGS), the Tandem Van de Graaff, the Accelerator Test Facility (ATF), and the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory (NSRL). See also: National User Facility Organization (NUFO). Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) Brookhaven's newest user facility, the ATF is a proposal driven Program Committee reviewed Users' Facility dedicated for long-term R&D in Physics of Beams. Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) Since 1960, the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) has been one of the world's premiere particle accelerators, well known for the three Nobel Prizes won as a result of research performed there.

109

Probing the Quark Sea and Gluons: the Electron-Ion Collider Projects  

SciTech Connect

EIC is the generic name for the nuclear science-driven Electron-Ion Collider presently considered in the US. Such an EIC would be the worlds first polarized electron-proton collider, and the worlds first e-A collider. Very little remains known about the dynamical basis of the structure of hadrons and nuclei in terms of the fundamental quarks and gluons of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). A large community effort to sharpen a compelling nuclear science case for an EIC occurred during a ten-week program taking place at the Institute for Nuclear Theory (INT) in Seattle from September 13 to November 19, 2010. The critical capabilities of a stage-I EIC are a range in center-of-mass energies from 20 to 70 GeV and variable, full polarization of electrons and light ions (the latter both longitudinal and transverse), ion species up to A=200 or so, multiple interaction regions, and a high luminosity of about 10{sup 34} electron-nucleons per cm{sup 2} and per second. The physics program of such a stage-I EIC encompass inclusive measurements (ep/A{yields}e'+X), which require detection of the scattered lepon and/or the full scattered hadronic debris with high precision, semi-inclusive processes (ep/A{yields}e'+h+X), which require detection in coincidence with the scattered lepton of at least one (current or target region) hadron; and exclusive processes (ep/A{yields}e'+N'/A'+{gamma}/m), which require detection of all particles in the reaction. The main science themes of an EIC are to i) map the spin and spatial structure of quarks and gluons in nucleons, ii) discover the collective effects of gluons in atomic nuclei, and (iii) understand the emergence of hadronic matter from color charge. In addition, there are opportunities at an EIC for fundamental symmetry and nucleon structure measurements using the electroweak probe. To truly make headway to image the sea quarks and gluons in nucleons and nuclei, the EIC needs high luminosity over a range of energies as more exclusive scattering probabilities are small, and any integrated detector/interaction region design needs to provide uniform coverage to detect spectator and diffractive products. This is because e-p and even more e-A colliders have a large fraction of their science related to what happens to the nucleon or ion beams. As a result, the philosophy of integration of complex detectors into an extended interaction region faces challenging constraints. Designs feature crossing angles between the protons or heavy ions during collisions with electrons, to remove potential problems for the detector induced by synchrotron radiation. Designs allocate quite some detector space before the final-focus ion quads, at the cost of luminosity, given that uniform detection coverage is a must for deep exclusive and diffractive processes. The integrated EIC detector/interaction region design at JLab focused on establishing full acceptance for such processes over a wide range of proton energies (20-100 GeV) with well achievable interaction region magnets. The detector design at BNL uses the higher ion beam energies to achieve good detection efficiency for instance for protons following a DVCS reaction, for proton beam energies starting from 100 GeV. Following a recommendation of the 2007 US Nuclear Science Long-Range Planning effort, the DOE Office of Nuclear Physics (DOE/NP) has allocated accelerator R&D funds to lay the foundation for a polarized EIC. BNL, in association with JLab and DOE/NP, has also established a generic detector R&D program to address the scientific requirements for measurements at a future EIC.

Rolf Ent

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

A study of betatron and momentum collimators in RHIC  

SciTech Connect

Two separate accelerator rings in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) will provide collisions between equal and unequal heavy ion species up to the gold ions, including the two polarized proton beams. There are six interaction points with two regions with {beta}* = 1--2 m occupied by the large detectors PHENIX and STAR. The transverse and longitudinal emittances of the gold ions are expected to double in size between one to two hours due to intra-beam scattering which may lead to transverse beam loss. Primary betatron collimators are positioned in the ring where the betatron functions have large values to allow efficient removal of particles with large betatron amplitudes. In this report the authors investigated distributions and losses coming from the out-scattered particles from the primary collimators, as well as the best positions for the secondary momentum and betatron collimators. Additional studies of the detector background due to beam halo and other details about the collimation in RHIC are reported elsewhere, while more information about the momentum collimation was previously reported in Momentum Collimation at Q9 by S. Peggs and G.F. Dell.

Trbojevic, D.; Stevens, A.J.; Harrison, M.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

High-intensity polarized H-(proton), deuteron and 3He++ion source development at BNL.  

SciTech Connect

New techniques for the production of polarized electron, H{sup -} (proton), D (D+) and {sup 3}H{sup ++} ion beams are discussed. Feasibility studies of these techniques are in progress at BNL. An Optically Pumped Polarized H{sup -} Ion Source (OPPIS) delivers beam for polarization studies in RHIC. The polarized deuteron beam will be required for the deuteron Electron Dipole Moment (EDM) experiment, and the {sup 3}H{sup ++} ion beam is a part of the experimental program for the future eRHIC (Electron Ion) collider.

Zelenski,A.

2008-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

112

An electromagnetic calorimeter for the solenoidal tracker at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider  

SciTech Connect

In this document, we outline a proposal to the National Science Foundation (NSF) for the construction of an electromagnetic calorimeter for STAR that fulfills these requirements. This proposal creates the opportunity for the NSF to make a major impact on the experimental program at RHIC by providing a crucial, but defensibly omitted, component of the STAR experiment as approved.

Westfall, G.D.; Llope, W.J. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States); Underwood, D.G. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)] [and others

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Bound-free pair production cross section in heavy-ion colliders from the equivalent photon approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exact calculations of the electron-positron pair production by a single photon in the Coulomb field of a nucleus with simultaneous capture of the electron into the K-shell are discussed for different nuclear charges. Using the equivalent photon method of Weizsaecker and Williams, a simple expression for the bound-free production of electron-positron pairs by colliding very-high-energy fully stripped heavy ions is derived for nuclei of arbitrary charge.

Andreas Aste

2008-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

114

Global Observables at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Main characteristics of the charged particle dN_ch/deta and transverse energy dE_T/deta production measured in Heavy Ion collisions at RHIC energies are presented in this article. Transformation of the pseudo-rapidity shape, relation to the incident energy and centrality profile are described in a systematic way. Centrality profile is shown to be closely bound to the number of nucleons participating in the collisions, at the same time an alternative approach to study the centrality behavior is also discussed.

A. Milov

2006-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

115

Study of electromagnetic dissociation of heavy nuclei at the relativistic heavy ion collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Finally the ZDCs should be able to withstand a radiation dose of 10s rad. , which is the expected exposure during several years of RHIC operation. Polymethyl-methacrylate (PMMA) is not a particularly radiation tolerant plastic. It is known to lose... material (PMMA plastic). In order to rnaxinuze effectiveness of light collection by fibers whole sandwich-like con- struction is tilted at 45 angle. The ZDCs are segmented longitudmally into the three modules, each 2 nuclear lengths thick...

Makeev, Andrei

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Laser ion source with solenoid for Brookhaven National Laboratory-electron beam ion source  

SciTech Connect

The electron beam ion source (EBIS) preinjector at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) is a new heavy ion-preinjector for relativistic heavy ion collider (RHIC) and NASA Space Radiation Laboratory (NSRL). Laser ion source (LIS) is a primary ion source provider for the BNL-EBIS. LIS with solenoid at the plasma drift section can realize the low peak current ({approx}100 {mu}A) with high charge ({approx}10 nC) which is the BNL-EBIS requirement. The gap between two solenoids does not cause serious plasma current decay, which helps us to make up the BNL-EBIS beamline.

Kondo, K.; Okamura, M. [Collider-Accelerator Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, New York (United States); Yamamoto, T. [Cooperative Major in Nuclear Energy, Waseda University, Tokyo (Japan); Sekine, M. [Department of Nuclear Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo (Japan)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

117

Laser ion source with solenoid for Brookhaven National Laboratory-electron beam ion source  

SciTech Connect

The electron beam ion source (EBIS) preinjector at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) is a new heavy ion-preinjector for relativistic heavy ion collider (RHIC) and NASA Space Radiation Laboratory (NSRL). Laser ion source (LIS) is a primary ion source provider for the BNL-EBIS. LIS with solenoid at the plasma drift section can realize the low peak current ({approx}100 {micro}A) with high charge ({approx}10 nC) which is the BNL-EBIS requirement. The gap between two solenoids does not cause serious plasma current decay, which helps us to make up the BNL-EBIS beamline.

Kondo K.; Yamamoto, T.; Sekine, M.; Okamura, M.

2012-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

118

SAFETY ENGINEERING FOR THE RELATIVISTIC HEAVY ION COLLIDER AT THE BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY.  

SciTech Connect

THERE ARE ONLY A FEW OTHER HIGH ENERGY PARTICLE ACCELERATORS LIKE RHIC IN THE WORLD. THEREFORE, THE DESIGNERS OF THE MACHINE DO NOT ALWAYS HAVE CONSENSUS DESIGN STANDARDS AND REGULATORY GUIDANCE AVAILABLE TO ESTABLISH THE ENGINEERING PARAMETERS FOR SAFETY. SOME OF THE AREAS WHERE STANDARDS ARE NOT AVAILABLE RELATE TO THE CRYOGENIC SYSTEM, CONTAINMENT OF LARGE VOLUMES OF FLAMMABLE GAS IN FRAGILE VESSELS IN THE EXPERIMENTAL APPARATUS AND MITIGATION OF A DESIGN BASIS ACCIDENT WITH A STORED PARTICLE BEAM. UNIQUE BUT EQUIVALENT SAFETY ENGINEERING MUST BE DETERMINED. SPECIAL DESIGN CRITERIA FOR PROMPT RADIATION WERE DEVELOPED TO PROVIDE GUIDANCE FOR THE DESIGN OF RADIATION SHIELDING.

MUSOLINO,S.V.

1999-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

119

Anisotropic Flow from RHIC to the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anisotropic flow is recognized as one of the main observables providing information on the early stage of a heavy-ion collision. At RHIC the large observed anisotropic flow and its successful description by ideal hydrodynamics is considered evidence for an early onset of thermalization and almost ideal fluid properties of the produced strongly coupled Quark Gluon Plasma. This write-up discusses some key RHIC anisotropic flow measurements and for anisotropic flow at the LHC some predictions.

Raimond Snellings

2006-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

120

Electromagnetic Measurements at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electromagnetic Measurements at RHIC Hideki Hamagaki Center for Nuclear Study University of Tokyo #12;2/10/2005 "Electromagnetic measurements at RHIC"@ICPAQGP 05 Hideki Hamagaki 2 Prologue · EM probe and where they are produced; #12;2/10/2005 "Electromagnetic measurements at RHIC"@ICPAQGP 05 Hideki Hamagaki

Hamagaki, Hideki

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Electromagnetic Measurements at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electromagnetic Measurements at RHIC Hideki Hamagaki Center for Nuclear Study Graduate School of Science the University of Tokyo #12;2006/06/29 "Electromagnetic measurements at RHIC"@ATHIC 2006 Hideki;2006/06/29 "Electromagnetic measurements at RHIC"@ATHIC 2006 Hideki Hamagaki 3 Prologue ­ scope of EM measurements · EM

Hamagaki, Hideki

122

Results from PHENIX at RHIC with Implications for LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article is based on my Proceedings for the 47th Course of the International School of Subnuclear Physics on the Most Unexpected at LHC and the Status of High Energy Frontier, Erice, Sicily, Italy, 2009. Results from the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) in nucleus-nucleus and proton-proton collisions at c.m. energy $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV are presented in the context of the methods of single and two-particle inclusive reactions which were used in the discovery of hard-scattering in p-p collisions at the CERN ISR in the 1970's. These techniques are used at RHIC in A+A collisions because of the huge combinatoric background from the large particle multiplicity. Topics include $J/\\Psi$ suppression, jet quenching in the dense medium (sQGP) as observed with $\\pi^0$ at large transverse momentum, thermal photons, collective flow, two-particle correlations, suppression of heavy quarks at large $p_T$ and its possible relation to Higgs searches at the LHC. The differences and similarities of the measurements in p-p and A+A collisions are presented. The two discussion sessions which followed the lectures on which this article is based are included at the end.

M. J. Tannenbaum

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

123

Significant in-medium {eta}{sup '} mass reduction in {radical}(s{sub NN}) = 200 GeV Au+Au collisions at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider  

SciTech Connect

In high-energy heavy ion collisions a hot and dense medium is formed, where the U{sub A}(1) or chiral symmetry may temporarily be restored. As a consequence, the mass of the {eta}{sup '}(958) mesons may be reduced to its quark model value, and the abundance of {eta}{sup '} mesons at low p{sub T} may be enhanced by more than a factor of 10. The intercept parameter {lambda}{sub *} of the charged pion Bose Einstein correlations provides a sensitive observable of the possibly enhanced {eta}{sup '} abundance. We have analyzed {lambda}{sub *}(m{sub T}) data from {radical}(s{sub N{sub N}})=200 GeV central Au+Au reactions measured at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), using extensive Monte Carlo simulations based on six popular models for hadronic multiplicities. Based on the combined STAR and PHENIX data set, and on various systematic investigations of resonance multiplicities and model parameters, we conclude that in {radical}(s{sub N{sub N}})=200 GeV central Au+Au reactions the mass of the {eta}{sup '} meson is reduced by {Delta}m{sub {eta}}{sup '*}>200 MeV, at the 99.9% confidence level in the considered model class. Such a significant {eta}{sup '} mass modification may indicate the restoration of the U{sub A}(1) symmetry in a hot and dense hadronic matter and the return of the ninth ''prodigal'' Goldstone boson. A similar analysis of NA44 S+Pb data at top CERN Super Proton Synchroton (SPS) energies showed no significant in-medium {eta}{sup '} mass modification.

Vertesi, R.; Sziklai, J. [MTA KFKI RMKI, H-1515 Budapest 114, P.O. Box 49 (Hungary); Csoergo, T. [Department of Physics, Harvard University, 17 Oxford St, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); MTA KFKI RMKI, H-1515 Budapest 114, P.O. Box 49 (Hungary)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

124

Simulations for preliminary design of a multi-cathode DC electron gun for eRHIC  

SciTech Connect

The proposed electron ion collider, eRHIC, requires a large average polarized electron current of 50 mA, which is more than 20 times higher than the present experimental output of a single, highly polarized electron source, based on cesiated super-lattice GaAs. To meet eRHIC's requirement for current, we designed a multicathode DC electron gun for injection. The twenty-four GaAs cathodes emit electrons in sequence, then are combined on axis by a rotating field (or 'funnelled'). In addition to its ultra-high vacuum requirements, the multicathode DC electron gun will place high demand on the electric field symmetry, the magnetic field shielding, and on preventing arcing. In this paper, we discuss our results from a 3D simulation of the latest model for this gun. The findings will guide the actual design in future. Their preliminary design of a multi-cathode electron source for eRHIC demonstrated tolerable fields and reasonable results in both field and particle simulations.

Wu, Q.; Ben-Zvi, I.; Chang, X.; Skaritka, J.

2010-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

125

Hadronic resonance production in d+Au collisions at root S(NN) = 200 GeV measured at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tracker at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider). The masses and widths of these resonances are studied as a function of transverse momentum p(T). We observe that the resonance spectra follow a generalized scaling law with the transverse mass m...

Abelev, B. I.; Aggarwal, M. M.; Ahammed, Z.; Anderson, B. D.; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G. S.; Bai, Y.; Balewski, J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, L. S.; Baudot, J.; Baumgart, S.; Beavis, D. R.; Bellwied, R.; Benedosso, F.; Betts, R. R.; Bhardwaj, S.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, A. K.; Bichsel, H.; Bielcik, J.; Bielcikova, J.; Biritz, B.; Bland, L. C.; Bombara, M.; Bonner, B. E.; Botje, M.; Bouchet, J.; Braidot, E.; Brandin, A. V.; Bruna; Bueltmann, S.; Burton, T. P.; Bystersky, M.; Cai, X. Z.; Caines, H.; Sanchez, M. Calderon de la Barca; Callner, J.; Catu, O.; Cebra, D.; Cendejas, R.; Cervantes, M. C.; Chajecki, Z.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopdhyay, S.; Chen, H. F.; Chen, J. H.; Chen, J. Y.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Choi, K. E.; Christie, W.; Chung, S. U.; Clarke, R. F.; Codrington, M. J. M.; Coffin, J. P.; Cormier, T. M.; Cosentino, M. R.; Cramer, J. G.; Crawford, H. J.; Das, D.; Dash, S.; Daugherity, M.; De Silva, C.; Dedovich, T. G.; DePhillips, M.; Derevschikov, A. A.; de Souza, R. Derradi; Didenko, L.; Djawotho, P.; Dogra, S. M.; Dong, X.; Drachenberg, J. L.; Draper, J. E.; Du, F.; Dunlop, J. C.; Mazumdar, M. R. Dutta; Edwards, W. R.; Efimov, L. G.; Elhalhuli, E.; Elnimr, M.; Emelianov, V.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Estienne, M.; Eun, L.; Fachini, P.; Fatemi, R.; Fedorisin, J.; Feng, A.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fine, V.; Fisyak, Y.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Gaillard, L.; Gangaharan, D. R.; Ganti, M. S.; Garcia-Solis, E.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gorbunov, Y. N.; Gordon, A.; Grebenyuk, O.; Grosnick, D.; Grube, B.; Guertin, S. M.; Guimaraes, K. S. F. F.; Gupta, A.; Gupta, N.; Guryn, W.; Haag, B.; Hallman, T. J.; Hamed, A.; Harris, J. W.; He, W.; Heinz, M.; Hepplemann, S.; Hippolyte, B.; Hirsch, A.; Hoffman, A. M.; Hoffmann, G. W.; Hofman, D. J.; Hollis, R. S.; Huang, H. Z.; Humanic, T. J.; Igo, G.; Iordanova, A.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, W. W.; Jakl, P.; Jin, F.; Jones, P. G.; Joseph, J.; Judd, E. G.; Kabana, S.; Kajimoto, K.; Kang, K.; Kapitan, J.; Kaplan, M.; Keane, D.; Kechechyan, A.; Kettler, D.; Khodyrev, V. Yu; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Klein, S. R.; Knospe, A. G.; Kocoloski, A.; Koetke, D. D.; Kopytine, M.; Kotchenda, L.; Kouchpil, V.; Kravtsov, P.; Kravtsov, V. I.; Krueger, K.; Krus, M.; Kuhn, C.; Kumar, L.; Kurnadi, P.; Lamont, M. A. C.; Landgraf, J. M.; LaPointe, S.; Lauret, J.; Lebedev, A.; Lednicky, R.; Lee, C. -H; LeVine, M. J.; Li, C.; Li, Y.; Lin, G.; Lin, X.; Lindenbaum, S. J.; Lisa, M. A.; Liu, F.; Liu, H.; Liu, J.; Liu, L.; Ljubicic, T.; Llope, W. J.; Longacre, R. S.; Love, W. A.; Lu, Y.; Ludlam, T.; Lynn, D.; Ma, G. L.; Ma, Y. G.; Mahapatra, D. P.; Majka, R.; Mall, M. I.; Mangotra, L. K.; Manweiler, R.; Margetis, S.; Markert, C.; Matis, H. S.; Matulenko, Yu A.; McShane, T. S.; Meschanin, A.; Millane, J.; Miller, M. L.; Minaev, N. G.; Mioduszewski, Saskia; Mischke, A.; Mishra, D. K.; Mitchell, J.; Mohanty, B.; Morozov, D. A.; Munhoz, M. G.; Nandi, B. K.; Nattrass, C.; Nayak, T. K.; Nelson, J. M.; Nepali, C.; Netrakanti, P. K.; Ng, M. J.; Nogach, L. V.; Nurushev, S. B.; Odyniec, G.; Ogawa, A.; Okada, H.; Okorokov, V.; Olson, D.; Pachr, M.; Page, B. S.; Pal, S. K.; Pandit, Y.; Panebratsev, Y.; Pawlak, T.; Peitzmann, T.; Perevoztchikov, V.; Perkins, C.; Peryt, W.; Phatak, S. C.; Planinic, M.; Pluta, J.; Poljak, N.; Poskanzer, A. M.; Potukuchi, B. V. K. S.; Prindle, D.; Pruneau, C.; Pruthi, N. K.; Putschke, J.; Raniwala, R.; Raniwala, S.; Ray, R. L.; Reed, R.; Ridiger, A.; Ritter, H. G.; Roberts, J. B.; Rogachevskiy, O. V.; Romero, J. L.; Rose, A.; Roy, C.; Ruan, L.; Russcher, M. J.; Rykov, V.; Sahoo, R.; Sakrejda, I.; Sakuma, T.; Salur, S.; Sandweiss, J.; Sarsour, M.; Schambach, J.; Scharenberg, R. P.; Schmitz, N.; Seger, J.; Selyuzhenkov, I.; Seyboth, P.; Shabetai, A.; Shahaliev, E.; Shao, M.; Sharma, M.; Shi, S. S.; Shi, X-H; Sichtermann, E. P.; Simon, F.; Singaraju, R. N.; Skoby, M. J.; Smirnov, N.; Snellings, R.; Sorensen, P.; Sowinski, J.; Spinka, H. M.; Srivastava, B.; Stadnik, A.; Stanislaus, T. D. S.; Staszak, D.; Strikhanov, M.; Stringfellow, B.; Suaide, A. A. P.; Suarez, M. C.; Subba, N. L.; Sumbera, M.; Sun, X. M.; Sun, Y.; Sun, Z.; Surrow, B.; Symons, T. J. M.; deToledo, A. Szanto; Takahashi, J.; Tang, A. H.; Tang, Z.; Tarnowsky, T.; Thein, D.; Thomas, J. H.; Tian, J.; Timmins, A. R.; Timoshenko, S.; Tlusty; Tokarev, M.; Trainor, T. A.; Tram, V. N.; Trattner, A. L.; Trentalange, S.; Tribble, Robert E.; Tsai, O. D.; Ulery, J.; Ullrich, T.; Underwood, D. G.; Van Buren, G.; van Leeuwen, M.; Molen, A. M. Vander; Vanfossen, J. A., Jr.; Varma, R.; Vasconcelos, G. M. S.; Vasilevski, I. M.; Vasiliev, A. N.; Videbaek, F.; Vigdor, S. E.; Viyogi, Y. P.; Vokal, S.; Voloshin, S. A.; Wada, M.; Waggoner, W. T.; Wang, F.; Wang, G.; Wang, J. S.; Wang, Q.; Wang, X.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

RHIC | Image Library  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

arrow See the RHIC collection on Flickr | Note: to see photo descriptions, click "show info" in the player window after pressing play....

127

RHIC | PHENIX Detector  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The PHENIX Detector The PHENIX detector records many different particles emerging from RHIC collisions, including photons, electrons, muons, and quark-containing particles called...

128

System-size independence of directed flow at the RelativisticHeavy-Ion Collider  

SciTech Connect

We measure directed flow (v{sub 1}) for charged particles in Au + Au and Cu + Cu collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 200 GeV and 62.4 GeV, as a function of pseudorapidity ({eta}), transverse momentum (p{sub t}) and collision centrality, based on data from the STAR experiment. We find that the directed flow depends on the incident energy but, contrary to all available model implementations, not on the size of the colliding system at a given centrality. We extend the validity of the limiting fragmentation concept to v{sub 1} in different collision systems, and investigate possible explanations for the observed sign change in v{sub 1}(p{sub t}).

STAR Coll

2008-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

129

UPGRADING RHIC FOR HIGHER LUMINOSITY* W. MacKay  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Harrison, J. Kewisch, S. Peggs, T. Roser, D. Trbojevic, BNL, USA V. Parkhomchuk, BINP, Russia Abstract While RHIC has only just started running for its heavy ion physics program,...

130

A Harmonic Kicker Scheme for the Circulator Cooler Ring in the Proposed Medium Energy Electron-Ion Collider  

SciTech Connect

The current electron cooler design for the proposed Medium Energy Electron-Ion collider (MEIC) at Jefferson Lab utilizes a circulator ring for reuse of the cooling electron bunch up to 100 times to cool the ion beams. This cooler requires a fast kicker system for injecting and extracting individual bunches in the circulator ring. Such a kicker must work at a high repetition rate, up to 7.5 to 75 MHz depending on the number of turns in the recirculator ring. It also must have a very short rise and fall time (of order of 1 ns) such that it will kick an individual bunch without disturbing the others in the ring. Both requirements are orders of magnitude beyond the present state-of-the-art as well as the goals of other on-going kicker R&D programs such as that for the ILC damping rings. In this paper we report a scheme of creating this fast, high repetition rate kicker by combining RF waveforms at multiple frequencies to create a kicker waveform that will, for example, kick every eleventh bunch while leaving the other ten unperturbed. We also present a possible implementation of this scheme as well as discuss its limitations.

Nissen, Edward W.; Hutton, Andrew M.; Kimber, Andrew J.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Inside RHIC | Submission Guidelines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Submission Guidelines Submission Guidelines "Inside RHIC" is an online publication covering news and views of the RHIC and AGS program at Brookhaven National Laboratory at the level of engineers and students. The RHIC AGS Users Group is sponsoring this effort, and we have tried to cover the breadth of the efforts at RHIC, from physics results to machine and detector development. The articles are relatively short and not so technical; a few hundred words are enough. It is a web publication, so length is not critical, but it is better to be concise. If you write an article for RHIC News, here's what is needed: The text of the article (a plain ASCII text file is adequate, even preferable, although we can deal with almost any format) The first few sentences (maybe 100 words) should summarize the point

132

RHIC | Black Holes?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Black Holes at RHIC? Black Holes at RHIC? Before RHIC began operations in 2000, some were concerned that it would produce black holes that would threaten the earth. Here's why those concerns were unfounded. Committee Review of Speculative "Disaster Scenarios" at RHIC In July 1999, Brookhaven Lab Director John Marburger convened a committee of distinguished physicists to write a comprehensive report on the arguments that address the safety of speculative disaster scenarios at RHIC. The scenarios are: Creation of a black hole that would "eat" ordinary matter. Initiation of a transition to a new, more stable universe. Formation of a "strangelet" that would convert ordinary matter to a new form. jaffee "We conclude that there are no credible mechanisms for catastrophic

133

Soft Physics from RHIC to LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The RHIC program was intended to identify and study the quark-gluon plasma formed in the collision of heavy nuclei. The discovery of the "perfect liquid" is an essential step towards the understanding of the medium formed in these collisions. Much of data relevant to this was provided by the study of "soft" observables, which involve many particles of low momentum produced in nearly every event, rather than high momentum particles produced in rare events. The main results related to soft physics at RHIC are discussed, as well as their implications for the physics of the LHC heavy ion program.

Peter Steinberg

2009-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

134

Open heavy flavor production at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study of heavy flavor production in relativistic heavy ion collisions is an extreme experimental challenge but provides important information on the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP) created in Au+Au collisions at RHIC. Heavy-quarks are believed to be produced in the initial stages of the collision, and are essential on the understanding of parton energy loss in the dense medium created in such environment. Moreover, heavy-quarks can help to investigate fundamental properties of QCD in elementary p+p collisions. In this work we review recent results on heavy flavor production and their interaction with the hot and dense medium at RHIC.

A. A. P. Suaide

2007-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

135

Proceedings of RIKEN BNL Resarch Center Workshop: Fluctuations, Correlations and RHIC Low Energy Runs  

SciTech Connect

Most of our visible universe is made up of hadronic matter. Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) is the theory of strong interaction that describes the hadronic matter. However, QCD predicts that at high enough temperatures and/or densities ordinary hadronic matter ceases to exist and a new form of matter is created, the so-called Quark Gluon Plasma (QGP). Non-perturbative lattice QCD simulations shows that for high temperature and small densities the transition from the hadronic to the QCD matter is not an actual phase transition, rather it takes place via a rapid crossover. On the other hand, it is generally believed that at zero temperature and high densities such a transition is an actual first order phase transition. Thus, in the temperature-density phase diagram of QCD, the first order phase transition line emanating from the zero temperature high density region ends at some higher temperature where the transition becomes a crossover. The point at which the first order transition line turns into a crossover is a second order phase transition point belonging to three dimensional Ising universality class. This point is known as the QCD Critical End Point (CEP). For the last couple of years the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory has been performing experiments at lower energies in search of the elusive QCD CEP. In general critical behaviors are manifested through appearance of long range correlations and increasing fluctuations associated with the presence of mass-less modes in the vicinity of a second order phase transition. Experimental signatures of the CEP are likely to be found in observables related to fluctuations and correlations. Thus, one of the major focuses of the RHIC low energy scan program is to measure various experimental observables connected to fluctuations and correlations. On the other hand, with the start of the RHIC low energy scan program, a flurry of activities are taking place to provide solid theoretical background for the search of the CEP using observables related to fluctuations and correlations. While new data are pouring in from the RHIC low energy scan program, many recent advances have also been made in the phenomenological and lattice gauge theory sides in order to have a better theoretical understanding of the wealth of new data. This workshop tried to create a synergy between the experimental, phenomenological and lattice QCD aspects of the fluctuation and correlation related studies of the RHIC low energy scan program. The workshop brought together all the leading experts from related fields under the same forum to share new ideas among themselves in order to streamline the continuing search of CEP in the RHIC low energy scan program.

Karsch, F.; Kojo, T.; Mukherjee, S.; Stephanov, M.; Xu, N.

2011-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

136

RHIC Superconducting Accelerator and Electron Cooling Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organization Chart (PDF) Organization Chart (PDF) Accelerator R&D Division eRHIC R&D Energy Recovery Linac Photocathode R&D Superconducting RF Electron Cooling LARP Center for Accelerator Science and Education C-AD Accelerator R&D Division Superconducting RF Group Group Headed By: Sergey Belomestnykh This web site presents information on the Superconducting Accelerator and RHIC Electron Cooling Group, which is in the Accelerator R&D Division of the Collider-Accelerator Department of Brookhaven National Laboratory. Work is supported mainly by the Division of Nuclear Physics of the US Department of Energy. Upcoming Events: TBD Most recent events: 56 MHz 2nd External Review, March 8-9, 2011 External Review of the Energy Recovery Linac, February 17-18, 2010. Report of the Review Committee

137

Cryogenic systems for proof of the principle experiment of coherent electron cooling at RHIC  

SciTech Connect

The Coherent electron Cooling (CeC) Proof of Principle (PoP) experiment is proposed to be installed in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) to demonstrate proton and ion beam cooling with this new technique that may increase the beam luminosity in certain cases, by as much as tenfold. Within the scope of this project, a 112 MHz, 2MeV Superconducting Radio Frequency (SRF) electron gun and a 704 MHz 20MeV 5-cell SRF cavity will be installed at IP2 in the RHIC ring. The superconducting RF electron gun will be cooled in a liquid helium bath at 4.4 K. The 704 MHz 5-cell SRF cavity will be cooled in a super-fluid helium bath at 2.0 K. This paper discusses the cryogenic systems designed for both cavities. For the 112 MHz cavity cryogenic system, a condenser/boiler heat exchanger is used to isolate the cavity helium bath from pressure pulses and microphonics noise sources. For the 704 MHz 5-cell SRF cavity, a heat exchanger is also used to isolate the SRF cavity helium bath from noise sources in the sub-atmospheric pumping system operating at room temperature. Detailed designs, thermal analyses and discussions for both systems will be presented in this paper.

Huang, Yuenian; Belomestnykh, Sergey; Brutus, Jean Clifford; Lederle, Dewey; Orfin, Paul; Skaritka, John; Soria, Victor; Tallerico, Thomas; Than, Roberto [Collider Accelerator Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (United States)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

138

An update on the developmental status of the Spin-Light Polarimeter for the Electron Ion Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Precision experiments in the parity violating electron scattering (PVES) sector is one the leading methods to probe physics beyond the standard model (SM). A large part of the physics program being envisioned for future facilities such as the Electron Ion Collider (EIC) includes searching for physics beyond SM. Here, we present a novel technique which uses spacial asymmetry of synchrotron radiation produced by an electron beam passing through a wiggler magnet to trace the changes in beam polarization. Such a relative polarimeter could be vital if the goal of <0.5% polarimetry is to be achieved at EIC. In this paper, we update the discussion on the development of this technique supported by a Geant4 simulation. The polarimeter apparatus along with the underlying basic ideas are briefly introduced. As a part of the simulation, the effects of electron beam current and beam energy were studied which were found to be manageable over a wide range of electron beam energies and beam currents. It was found that such a relative polarimeter works best in the 4-20 GeV regime.

Prajwal Mohanmurthy; Dipangkar Dutta

2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

139

RHIC News Archives  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Features Archive Features Archive 490th Brookhaven Lecture, 12/18 December 13, 2013 Tiny Drops of Hot Quark Soup-How Small Can They Be? December 06, 2013 RHIC Physics Feeds Future High-Tech Workforce: Lokesh Kumar November 06, 2013 Backup Magnets Ready to Ship to LHC September 30, 2013 Supercomputing the Transition from Ordinary to Extraordinary Forms of Matter September 18, 2013 Why Particle Physics Matters August 30, 2013 Hot Topics for Hot Nuclear Physics August 07, 2013 Calibrators from Deep Space Tune High-Tech Earthbound Physics Experiments July 31, 2013 Young Scientist Prize for Nuclear Physics June 17, 2013 RHIC's Perfect Liquid a Study in Perfection June 17, 2013 RHIC Physics Feeds Future High-Tech Workforce: Alan Hoffman, Mike Miller & Adam Kocoloski June 11, 2013 RHIC Physics Feeds Future High-Tech Workforce: Johan Gonzalez

140

PROCEEDINGS OF THE SECOND WORKSHOP ON EXPERIMENTS AND DETECTORS FOR A RELATIVISTIC HEAVY ION COLLIDER (RHIC), LAWRENCE BERKELEY LABORATORY, MAY 25-29, 1987  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

costs do not include the usual EDIA and contingency nor thecosts do not include the usual EDIA and contingency nor the

Ritter, Hans Georg

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The Shape and Flow of Heavy Ion Collisions (490th Brookhaven Lecture)  

SciTech Connect

The sun cant do it, but colossal machines like the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven Lab and Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in Europe sure can. Quarks and gluons make up protons and neutrons found in the nucleus of every atom in the universe. At heavy ion colliders like RHIC and the LHC, scientists can create matter more than 100,000 times hotter than the center of the sunso hot that protons and neutrons melt into a plasma of quarks and gluons. The particle collisions and emerging quark-gluon plasma hold keys to understanding how these fundamental particles interact with each other, which helps explain how everything is held togetherfrom atomic nuclei to human beings to the biggest starshow all matter has mass, and what the universe looked like microseconds after the Big Bang. Dr. Schenke discusses theory that details the shape and structure of heavy ion collisions. He will also explain how this theory and data from experiments at RHIC and the LHC are being used to determine properties of the quark-gluon plasma.

Schenke, Bjoern [BNL Physics Department

2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

142

Charmed hadron production at low transverse momentum in Au+Au collisions at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report measurements of charmed hadron production from hadronic ($D^{0}\\rightarrow K\\pi$) and semileptonic ($\\mu$ and $e$) decays in 200 GeV Au+Au collisions at RHIC. Analysis of the spectra indicates that charmed hadrons have a different radial flow pattern from light or multi-strange hadrons. Charm cross sections at mid-rapidity are extracted by combining the three independent measurements, covering the transverse momentum range that contributes to $\\sim$90% of the integrated cross section. The cross sections scale with number of binary collisions of the initial nucleons, a signature of charm production exclusively at the initial impact of colliding heavy ions. The implications for charm quark interaction and thermalization in the strongly interacting matter are discussed.

B. I. Abelev

2008-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

143

NSAC_RHICII-eRHIC_2-11-03.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

II/eRHICWhite Paper II/eRHICWhite Paper Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, NY 11973 Submitted to the NSAC Future Facilities Subcommittee February 15, 2003 Lattice Results Neutron Star 1 RHIC II/eRHIC White Paper Submitted to the NSAC Sub-Committee on Future Facilities By T. Hallman, T. Kirk, T. Roser, BNL and R.G. Milner, MIT February 15, 2003 Executive Summary We present here, two stages in the evolution of RHIC: 1) provision of a 10X luminosity upgrade to the machine and its two large detectors to exploit the new realm of QCD phenomena revealed by the present high-energy, heavy ion physics investigations (RHIC II); 2) construction of a 10 GeV electron ring and a new experimental detector to provide electron-heavy ion collisions to explore a whole new class of high-

144

Electromagnetic interactions at RHIC and LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At LHC energies the Lorentz factor will be 3400 for the Pb + Pb collisions and the electromagnetic interactions will play important roles. Cross sections for the electromagnetic particle productions are very large and can not be ignored for the lifetimes of the beams and background. In this article, we are going to study some of the electromagnetic processes at RHIC and LHC and show the cross section calculations of the electron-positron pair production with the giant dipole resonance of the ions.

M. C. Guclu

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

145

Parton Collectivity from RHIC to the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anisotropic flow is recognized as one of the main observables providing information on the early dynamics in heavy-ion collisions. The large elliptic flow observed at RHIC is considered to be evidence for almost perfect liquid behavior of the strongly coupled Quark Gluon Plasma produced in the collisions. In this report we review our current understanding of this new state of matter and investigate the predictions for anisotropic flow at the LHC.

Raimond Snellings

2009-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

146

RHIC | Black Holes?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Black Holes at RHIC? Black Holes at RHIC? Further discussion by Physicist Dmitri Kharzeev on why RHIC cannot produce a real gravitational black hole Black holes are among the most mysterious objects in the universe. The gravitational field of a black hole is so strong that Einstein's general relativity tells us that nothing, not even light, can escape from the black hole's interior. However, in 1974 physicist Stephen Hawking demonstrated that black holes must emit radiation once the quantum effects are included. According to quantum mechanics, the physical vacuum is bubbling with short-lived virtual particle-antiparticle pairs. Creation of a particle-antiparticle pair from the vacuum conflicts with energy conservation, but energy need not be conserved at short times in quantum mechanics, according to Heisenberg's

147

RHIC BEAM ABORT KICKER POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM COMMISSIONING EXPERIENCE AND REMAINING ISSUES.  

SciTech Connect

The RHIC Beam Abort Kicker Power Supply Systems commissioning experience and the remaining issues will be reported in this paper. The RHIC Blue Ring Beam Abort Kicker Power Supply System initial commissioning took place in June 1999. Its identical system in Yellow Ring was brought on line during Spring 2000. Each of the RHIC Beam Abort Kicker Power Supply Systems consists of five high voltage modulators and subsystems. These systems are critical devices for RHIC machine protection and environmental protection. They are required to be effective, reliable and operating with sufficient redundancy to safely abort the beam to its beam dump at the end of accumulation or at any time when they are commanded. To deflect 66 GeV ion beam to the beam absorbers, the RHIC Beam Abort Kicker Power Supply Systems were operated at 22 kV level. The RHIC 2000 commissioning run was very successful.

ZHANG,W.; AHRENS,L.A.; MI,J.; OERTER,B.; SANDERS,R.; SANDBERG,J.

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

148

THE TWO STAGE CRYSTAL COLLIMATOR FOR RHIC.  

SciTech Connect

The use of a two stage crystal collimation system in the RHIC yellow ring is examined. The system includes a copper beam scraper and a bent silicon crystal. While scrapers were installed in both of the RHIC rings before the year 2000 run, the crystal is installed for the 2001 run in one ring only, forming a two stage collimation system there. We present simulations of the expected channeling through the bent silicon crystal for both protons and gold ions with various beam parameters. This gives a picture of the particle losses around the ring, and the expected channeling efficiency. These results are then used to optimize the beam parameters in the area of the crystal to obtain maximum channeling efficiency, minimize out-scattering in the secondary collimator, and reduce beam halo.

FLILLER, R.P. III; DREES, A.; GASSNER, D.; HAMMONS, L.; MCINTYRE, G.; TRBOJEVIC, D.; BIRYUKOV, V.; CHESNOKOV, Y.; TEREKHOV, V.

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

149

The Case for Continuing RHIC Operations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 Drafted by Steve Vigdor Revised with extensive feedback from RHIC user and support community 9/2/2012 The Case for Continuing RHIC Operations 1 The Case for Continuing RHIC Operations Table of Contents 1. The Case in a Nutshell ........................................................................................................................... 2 2. Hot QCD Matter: RHIC's Intellectual Challenges and Greatest Hits To Date ....................................... 4 3. Recent Breakthroughs and RHIC's Versatility Inform the Path Forward .............................................. 5 4. Unanticipated Intellectual Connections ............................................................................................. 16 5. Cold QCD Matter Studies at RHIC ....................................................................................................... 18

150

RHIC II Science Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Working Groups and Convenors Working Groups and Convenors The purpose of these Working Groups is to provide an organized way for the community to refine the science agenda for the RHIC II upgrades, and make a compelling case for these upgrades to the broad nuclear physics community. A document summarizing the Working Group results, with a sharp focus on the science case for RHIC II, will be produced early in 2006. Electromagnetic Probes Convenors: Ralf Rapp, Zhangbu Xu, Gabor David Email list info Website Heavy Flavor Convenors: Ramona Vogt, Thomas Ullrich, Tony Frawley Email list info Website High pT Convenors: Denes Molnar, Saskia Mioduszewski, Kirill Filimonov Internal working group web page Email list info Equation of State Convenors: Steffen Bass, Julia Velkovska, Helen Caines Email list info

151

X-Ray Entangled Photon Production in Collisions of Laser Beams with Relativistic Ions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A method is suggested to produce, with the help of colliding laser photons with bunches of relativistic ions having two energy levels, both intense beams of monochromatic polarized X-ray fluorescence photons and significant number of X-ray entangled photons, via double Doppler transformation. Nonlinear susceptibility of the ions, the cross section and the rate of production of such photons at RHIC are estimated. Such beams of X-ray photons can be detected and applied to solve various problems, in a manner similar to the usage of optical photons.

K. A. Ispirian; M. K. Ispiryan

2010-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

152

Particle production at RHIC energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents recent results from the BRAHMS experiment at RHIC; including results on particle production in rapidity space extending from y=0 to y ~ 3 and on the transverse momentum distribution of fully identified charged particles. These results were obtained from the 5% most central Au-Au collisions recorded during RHIC Run-2 at sqrt{s_{NN}} = 200 GeV.

R. Debbe; for the BRAHMS collaboration

2003-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

153

RAMP MANAGEMENT IN RHIC.  

SciTech Connect

In RHIC, magnets and RF cavities are controlled by Wave Form Generators (WFGs), simple real time computers which generate the set points. The WFGs are programmed to change set points from one state to another in a synchronized way. Such transition is called a ''Ramp'' and consists of a sequence of ''stepping stones'' which contain the set point of every WFG controlled device at a point in time. An appropriate interpolation defines the set points between these stepping stones. This report describes the implementation of the ramp system. The user interface, tools to create and modify ramps, interaction with modeling tools and measurements and correction programs are discussed.

KEWISCH,J.; VAN ZEIJTS,J.; PEGGS,S.; SATOGATA,T.

1999-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

154

Bulk viscosity, chemical equilibration and flow at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the effects of bulk viscosity on p_T spectra and elliptic flow in heavy ion collisions at RHIC. We argue that direct effect of the bulk viscosity on the evolution of the velocity field is small, but corrections to the freezeout distributions can be significant. These effects are dominated by chemical non-equilibration in the hadronic phase. We show that a non-zero bulk viscosity in the range $\\zeta/s \\lsim 0.05$ improves the description of spectra and flow at RHIC.

Thomas Schaefer; Kevin Dusling

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

155

Proceedings of RIKEN BNL Research Center workwhop on RHIC spin  

SciTech Connect

This RHIC Spin Workshop is the 1999 annual meeting of the RHIC Spin Collaboration, and the second to be hosted at Brookhaven and sponsored by the RIKEN BNL Research Center. The previous meetings were at Brookhaven (1998), Marseille (1996), MIT in 1995, Argonne 1994, Tucson in 1991, and the Polarized Collider Workshop at Penn State in 1990. As noted last year, the Center provides a home for combined work on spin by theorists, experimenters, and accelerator physicists. This proceedings, as last year, is a compilation of 1 page summaries and 5 selected transparencies for each speaker. It is designed to be available soon after the workshop is completed. Speakers are welcome to include web or other references for additional material. The RHIC spin program and RHIC are rapidly becoming reality. RHIC has completed its first commissioning run, as described here by Steve Peggs. The first Siberian Snake for spin has been completed and is being installed in RHIC. A new polarized source from KEK and Triumf with over 1 milliampere of polarized H{sup minus} is being installed, described by Anatoli Zelenski. They have had a successful test of a new polarimeter for RHIC, described by Kazu Kurita and Haixin Huang. Spin commissioning is expected next spring (2000), and the first physics run for spin is anticipated for spring 2001. The purpose of the workshop is to get everyone together about once per year and discuss goals of the spin program, progress, problems, and new ideas. They also have many separate regular forums on spin. There are spin discussion sessions every Tuesday, now organized by Naohito Saito and Werner Vogelsang. The spin discussion schedule and copies of presentations are posted on http://riksg01.rhic.bnl.gov/rsc. Speakers and other spinners are encouraged to come to BNL and to lead a discussion on your favorite idea. They also have regular polarimeter and snake meetings on alternate Thursdays, led by Bill McGahern, the lead engineer for the accelerator spin effort (Thomas Roser is the spokesperson). Waldo Mackay, the Project Manager for spin, leads a weekly accelerator meeting on spin issues on Wednesdays. Finally, Phenix, STAR, and the pp2pp Collaboration have regular collaboration meetings including spin, and spin working groups.

SOFFER,J.

1999-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

156

RHIC Project | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RHIC Project RHIC Project The Superconducting Magnet Division supplied 1740 magnetic elements, in 888 cryostats, for the RHIC facility at BNL. Of these, 780 magnetic elements were manufactured by Northrop-Grumman (Bethpage, NY) and 360 were made by Everson Electric (Bethlehem, PA). The magnets made in industry used designs developed at BNL. The first cooldown of the magnets for the RHIC engineering run was in 1999. Since then, the magnets have operated very reliably. arc dipole coil and yoke Arc dipole coil and yoke, with magnetic flux lines The magnets provide modest field (3.45 Teslas in the arc dipoles) in a cost-effective design. Key features in the principal bending and focusing magnets include the use of NbTi Rutherford cable, a single-layer coil, and cold iron as both yoke and collar. The magnets operate in forced-flow

157

Muon Collider  

SciTech Connect

Parameters are given of muon colliders with center of mass energies of 1.5 and 3 TeV. Pion production is from protons on a mercury target. Capture, decay, and phase rotation yields bunch trains of both muon signs. Six dimensional cooling reduces the emittances until the trains are merged into single bunches, one of each sign. Further cooling in 6 dimensions is then applied, followed by final transverse cooling in 50 T solenoids. After acceleration the muons enter the collider ring. Ongoing R&D is discussed.

Palmer, R.

2009-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

158

Brookhaven and the Large Hadron Collider  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Brookhaven & the Large Hadron Collider Brookhaven & the Large Hadron Collider Home News Brookhaven & ATLAS ATLAS ATLAS Calorimeter ATLAS Muon Spectrometer Construction Computing Upgrades RHIC & LHC Education LHC tunnel ATLAS detector ATLAS detector RACF BNL built superconducting magnets Brookhaven & the LHC The world's most powerful particle accelerator, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in Switzerland, powers unprecedented explorations of the deepest mysteries of the universe. In addition to serving as the U.S. host laboratory for the ATLAS experiment at the LHC, Brookhaven National Lab plays multiple roles in this international collaboration, from construction and project management to data storage and distribution. ATLAS rendering Brookhaven and ATLAS Brookhaven physicists and engineers are participating in one of the most

159

RHIC Machine/Detector Planning Meetings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RHIC Machine/Detector Planning Meeting RHIC Machine/Detector Planning Meeting RHIC STAR PHENIX RHIC STAR PHENIX BNL Home Page C-AD Home Page C-AD ES&F Division BNL Physics Department RHIC Run History Super Conducting Magnet Division Run 14 Scheduling Physicist Home Page NPP PAC Run 13 Recommendations CAD Power Run 11-Run 13 Off-line CNI Polarization Results APEX for Run 13 RHIC Machine/Detector Meetings for Run 12 FY02-Present C-AD Energy Use Plots Cryo Power Run 11-Run 13 H-jet Target Results APEX Nov. 19-20, 2012 Workshop for Run 13 RHIC Run 13 Run Home Page (pp) FY10-Present BNL Energy Use Plot Cryo Temperatures Latest Luminosity Plots BNL Current Energy Use (BNL Intranet only and requires password) RHIC Retreat 2012

160

Photoproduction at RHIC and the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photon Collisions at the LHC, April 22-25, 2008, CERN. H.at RHIC and the LHC The IceCube Collaboration This work wasPhotoproduction at RHIC and the LHC Spencer R. Klein Nuclear

Klein, Spencer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Net-proton measurements at RHIC and the QCD phase diagram  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two measurements related to the proton and anti-proton production near midrapidity in center of mass energies of 7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, 39, 62.4 and 200 GeV Au+Au collisions using the STAR detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) are discussed. At intermediate impact parameters the slope parameter of the directed flow versus rapidity (dv1/dy) for the net-protons shows a non-monotonic variation as a function of the beam energy. This non-monotonic variation is characterized by the presence of a minimum in dv1/dy between 11.5 and 19.6 GeV and a change in the sign of dv1/dy twice between 7.7 and 39 GeV. At small impact parameters the product of the moments of net-proton distribution, kurtosis x variance and skewness x standard deviation are observed to be significantly below the corresponding measurements at large impact parameter collisions for 19.6 and 27 GeV. The kurtosis x variance and skewness x standard deviation at these beam energies deviate from the expectations from Poisson statistics and that from a Hadron Resonance Gas model. Both these measurements have implications towards the understanding of the QCD phase structures, the first order phase transition and the critical point in the high baryonic chemical potential region of the phase diagram.

Bedangadas Mohanty

2014-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

162

Viscosity and boost invariance at RHIC and LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the longitudinal hydrodynamic evolution of the fireball created in a relativistic heavy-ion collision. Nonzero shear viscosity reduces the colling rate of the system and hinders the acceleration of the longitudinal flow. As a consequence, the initial energy density needed to reproduce the experimental data at RHIC energies is significantly reduced. At LHC energies, we expect that shear viscosity helps to conserve a Bjorken plateau in the rapidity distributions during the expansion.

Piotr Bozek

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

163

A hardware overview of the RHIC LLRF platform  

SciTech Connect

The RHIC Low Level RF (LLRF) platform is a flexible, modular system designed around a carrier board with six XMC daughter sites. The carrier board features a Xilinx FPGA with an embedded, hard core Power PC that is remotely reconfigurable. It serves as a front end computer (FEC) that interfaces with the RHIC control system. The carrier provides high speed serial data paths to each daughter site and between daughter sites as well as four generic external fiber optic links. It also distributes low noise clocks and serial data links to all daughter sites and monitors temperature, voltage and current. To date, two XMC cards have been designed: a four channel high speed ADC and a four channel high speed DAC. The new LLRF hardware was used to replace the old RHIC LLRF system for the 2009 run. For the 2010 run, the RHIC RF system operation was dramatically changed with the introduction of accelerating both beams in a new, common cavity instead of each ring having independent cavities. The flexibility of the new system was beneficial in allowing the low level system to be adapted to support this new configuration. This hardware was also used in 2009 to provide LLRF for the newly commissioned Electron Beam Ion Source.

Hayes, T.; Smith, K.S.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

164

Cryogenic sub-system for the 56 MHz SRF storage cavity for RHIC  

SciTech Connect

A 56 MHz Superconducting RF Storage Cavity is being constructed for the RHIC collider. This cavity is a quarter wave resonator that will be operated in a liquid helium bath at 4.4 K. The cavity requires an extremely quiet environment to maintain its operating frequency. The cavity, besides being engineered for a mechanically quiet system, also requires a quiet cryogenic system. The helium is taken from RHIC's main helium supply header at 3.5 atm, 5.3K at a phase separator tank. The boil-off is sent back to the RHIC refrigeration system to recover the cooling. To acoustically separate the RHIC helium supply and return lines, a condenser/boiler heat exchanger condenses the helium vapor generated in the RF cavity bath. A system description and operating parameters are given about the cryogen delivery system. The 56 MHz superconducting storage RF cavity project is making progress. The cryogenic system design is in its final stage. The helium supply lines have been tapped into the RHIC helium distribution lines. The plate-and-fin heat exchanger design is near completion and specification will be sent out for bid soon. The cold helium vapor heating system design will start soon as well. A booster compressor specification is underway. The first phase separator and transfer line design work is near completion and will be sent out for bid soon.

Huang, Y.; Than, R.; Orfin, P.; Lederle, D.; Tallerico, T.; Masi L.; Talty, P.; Zhang, Y.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

165

Transverse Energy Production at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the mechanism of transverse energy (E_T) production in Au+Au collisions at RHIC. The time evolution starting from the initial energy loss to the final E_T production is closely examined in transport models. The relationship between the experimentally measured E_T distribution and the maximum energy density achieved is discussed.

Qun Li; Yang Pang; Nu Xu

1999-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

166

RHIC | Scientist and Collaborator Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AGS Users Center RHICAGS Users Executive Committee Collider-Accelerator Department RHICATLAS Computing Facility RIKEN BNL Research Center BNL Nuclear & Particle Physics...

167

Muon Collider Progress: Accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A N. V. Mokhov et al. , Muon Collider Interaction RegionR. B. Palmer et al. , Muon Colliders, in the 9th AdvancedB. Palmer and R. Fernow, Muon Collider Final Cooling in 30

Zisman, Michael S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Coherent Electromagnetic Heavy Ion Reactions: (1) Exact Treatment of Pair Production and Ionization; (2) Mutual Coulomb Dissociation  

SciTech Connect

Some recent theoretical results on coherent electromagnetic processes in ultrarelativistic heavy ion reactions are surveyed. In ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions, Coulomb induced cross sections are huge, much larger than geometric. For the RHIC case of 100 GeV x 100 GeV colliding gold ions the predicted cross section for bound-electron positron pairs is about 110 barns. The corresponding cross section for continuum electron-positron pairs has recently been recalculated to be 34,000 barns, consistent with the result of the classic formula of Landau and Lifshitz. The cross section for Coulomb dissociation of the nucleus is about 95 barns, and the cross section for ionization of a single electron on one of the ions is about 100,000 barns.

Baltz, A. J.

1999-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

169

A NEW GENERATION OF EBIS: HIGH CURRENT DEVICES FOR ACCELERATORS AND COLLIDERS*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A NEW GENERATION OF EBIS: HIGH CURRENT DEVICES FOR ACCELERATORS AND COLLIDERS* E. Beebe, J. Alessi of magnitude compared to fixed target operation of existing accelerators.[1] RHIC, for example, requires 3.4x10 20 times higher than electron beams utilized in devices at accelerators at Dubna, Saclay

170

What do we learn from Resonance Production in Heavy Ion Collisions?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Resonances with their short life time and strong coupling to the dense and hot medium are suggested as a signature of the early stage of the fireball created in a heavy ion collision \\cite{rap00,lut01,lut02}. The comparison of resonances with different lifetimes and quark contents may give information about time evolution and density and temperature of during the expanding of fireball medium. Resonances in elementary reactions have been measured since 1960. Resonance production in elementary collisions compared with heavy ion collisions where we expect to create a hot and dense medium may show the direct of influence of the medium on the resonances. This paper shows a selection of the recent resonance measurements from SPS and RHIC heavy ion colliders.

Christina Markert

2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

171

Heavy Ion Collisions at the LHC - Last Call for Predictions  

SciTech Connect

In August 2006, the CERN Theory Unit announced to restructure its visitor program and to create a 'CERN Theory Institute', where 1-3 month long specific programs can take place. The first such Institute was held from 14 May to 10 June 2007, focusing on 'Heavy Ion Collisions at the LHC - Last Call for Predictions'. It brought together close to 100 scientists working on the theory of ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions. The aim of this workshop was to review and document the status of expectations and predictions for the heavy ion program at the Large Hadron Collider LHC before its start. LHC will explore heavy ion collisions at {approx} 30 times higher center of mass energy than explored previously at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider RHIC. So, on the one hand, the charge of this workshop provided a natural forum for the exchange of the most recent ideas, and allowed to monitor how the understanding of heavy ion collisions has evolved in recent years with the data from RHIC, and with the preparation of the LHC experimental program. On the other hand, the workshop aimed at a documentation which helps to distinguish pre- from post-dictions. An analogous documentation of the 'Last Call for Predictions' [1] was prepared prior to the start of the heavy-ion program at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider RHIC, and it proved useful in the subsequent discussion and interpretation of RHIC data. The present write-up is the documentation of predictions for the LHC heavy ion program, received or presented during the CERN TH Institute. The set-up of the CERN TH Institute allowed us to aim for the wide-most coverage of predictions. There were more than 100 presentations and discussions during the workshop. Moreover, those unable to attend could still participate by submitting predictions in written form during the workshop. This followed the spirit that everybody interested in making a prediction had the right to be heard. To arrive at a concise document, we required that each prediction should be summarized on at most two pages, and that predictions should be presented, whenever possible, in figures which display measurable quantities. Full model descriptions were not accepted--the authors were encouraged to indicate the relevant references for the interested reader. Participants had the possibility to submit multiple contributions on different topics, but it was part of the subsequent editing process to ensure that predictions on neighboring topics were merged wherever possible. The contributions summarized here are organized in several sections,--though some of them contain material related with more than one section--roughly by going from low transverse momentum to high transverse momentum and from abundant to rare measurements. In the low transverse momentum regime, we start with predictions on multiplicity distributions, azimuthal asymmetries in particle production and hadronic flavor observables, followed by correlation and fluctuation measurements. The contributions on hard probes at the LHC start with predictions for single inclusive high transverse momentum spectra, and jets, followed by heavy quark and quarkonium measurements, leptonic probes and photons. A final section 'Others' encompasses those predictions which do not fall naturally within one of the above-mentioned categories, or discuss the more speculative phenomena that may be explored at the LHC.

Armesto, N; Borghini, N; Jeon, S; Wiedemann, U A; Abreu, S; Akkelin, V; Alam, J; Albacete, J L; Andronic, A; Antonuv, D; Arleo, F; Armesto, N; Arsene, I C; Barnafoldi, G G; Barrette, J; Bauchle, B; Becattini, F; Betz, B; Bleicher, M; Bluhm, M; Boer, D; Bopp, F W; Braun-Munzinger, P; Bravina, L; Busza, W; Cacciari, M; Capella, A; Casalderrey-Solana, J; Chatterjee, R; Chen, L; Cleymans, J; Cole, B A; delValle, Z C; Csernai, L P; Cunqueiro, L; Dainese, A; de Deus, J D; Ding, H; Djordjevic, M; Drescher, H; Dremin, I M; Dumitru, A; El, A; Engel, R; d'Enterria, D; Eskola, K J; Fai, G; Ferreiro, E G; Fries, R J; Frodermann, E; Fujii, H; Gale, C; Gelis, F; Goncalves, V P; Greco, V; Gyulassy, M; van Hees, H; Heinz, U; Honkanen, H; Horowitz, W A; Iancu, E; Ingelman, G; Jalilian-Marian, J; Jeon, S; Kaidalov, A B; Kampfer, B; Kang, Z; Karpenko, I A; Kestin, G; Kharzeev, D; Ko, C M; Koch, B; Kopeliovich, B; Kozlov, M; Kraus, I; Kuznetsova, I; Lee, S H; Lednicky, R; Letessier, J; Levin, E; Li, B; Lin, Z; Liu, H; Liu, W; Loizides, C; Lokhtin, I P; Machado, M T; Malinina, L V; Managadze, A M; Mangano, M L; Mannarelli, M; Manuel, C; Martinez, G; Milhano, J G; Mocsy, A; Molnar, D; Nardi, M; Nayak, J K; Niemi, H; Oeschler, H; Ollitrault, J; Paic, G; Pajares, C; Pantuev, V S; Papp, G; Peressounko, D; Petreczky, P; Petrushanko, S V; Piccinini, F; Pierog, T; Pirner, H J; Porteboeuf, S; Potashnikova, I; Qin, G Y; Qiu, J; Rafelski, J; Rajagopal, K; Ranft, J; Rapp, R; Rasanen, S S; Rathsman, J; Rau, P; Redlich, K; Renk, T; Rezaeian, A H; Rischke, D; Roesler, S; Ruppert, J; Ruuskanen, P V; Salgado, C A; Sapeta, S; Sarcevic, I; Sarkar, S; Sarycheva, L I; Schmidt, I; Shoski, A I; Sinha, B; Sinyukov, Y M; Snigirev, A M; Srivastava, D K; Stachel, J; Stasto, A; Stocker, H; Teplov, C Y; Thews, R L; Torrieri, G; Pop, V T; Triantafyllopoulos, D N; Tuchin, K L; Turbide, S; Tywoniuk, K; Utermann, A; Venugopalan, R; Vitev, I; Vogt, R; Wang, E; Wang, X N; Werner, K; Wessels, E; Wheaton, S; Wicks, S; Wiedemann, U A; Wolschin, G; Xiao, B; Xu, Z; Yasui, S; Zabrodin, E; Zapp, K; Zhang, B

2008-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

172

Quadrupole beam-based alignment in the RHIC interaction regions  

SciTech Connect

Continued beam-based alignment (BBA) efforts have provided significant benefit to both heavy ion and polarized proton operations at RHIC. Recent studies demonstrated previously unknown systematic beam position monitor (BPM) offset errors and produced accurate measurements of individual BPM offsets in the experiment interaction regions. Here we describe the algorithm used to collect and analyze data during the 2010 and early 2011 RHIC runs and the results of these measurements. BBA data has been collected over the past two runs for all three of the active experimental IRs at RHIC, updating results from the 2005 run which were taken with incorrectly installed offsets. The technique was successfully applied to expose a systematic misuse of the BPM survey offsets in the control system. This is likely to benefit polarized proton operations as polarization transmission through acceleration ramps depends on RMS orbit control in the arcs, but a quantitative understanding of its impact is still under active investigation. Data taking is ongoing as are refinements to the BBA technique aimed at reducing systematic errors and properly accounting for dispersive effects. Further development may focus on non-triplet BPMs such as those located near snakes, or arc quadrupoles that do not have individually shunted power supplies (a prerequisite for the current method) and as such, will require a modified procedure.

Ziegler, J.; Satogata, T.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

173

Center of mass energy and system-size dependence of photon production at forward rapidity at RHIC  

SciTech Connect

We present the multiplicity and pseudorapidity distributions of photons produced in Au+Au and Cu+Cu collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 62.4 and 200 GeV. The photons are measured in the region -3.7 < {eta} < -2.3 using the photon multiplicity detector in the STAR experiment at RHIC. The number of photons produced per average number of participating nucleon pairs increases with the beam energy and is independent of the collision centrality. For collisions with similar average numbers of participating nucleons the photon multiplicities are observed to be similar for Au+Au and Cu+Cu collisions at a given beam energy. The ratios of the number of charged particles to photons in the measured pseudorapidity range are found to be 1.4 {+-} 0.1 and 1.2 {+-} 0.1 for {radical}s{sub NN} = 62.4 GeV and 200 GeV, respectively. The energy dependence of this ratio could reflect varying contributions from baryons to charged particles, while mesons are the dominant contributors to photon production in the given kinematic region. The photon pseudorapidity distributions normalized by average number of participating nucleon pairs, when plotted as a function of {eta} - ybeam, are found to follow a longitudinal scaling independent of centrality and colliding ion species at both beam energies.

STAR Collaboration; Abelev, Betty

2010-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

174

Magnet coils for RHIC EBIS Alexander Pikin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnet coils for RHIC EBIS Alexander Pikin RHIC EBIS magnet coils are used for providing magnetic for magnet lens coil, which is 1% during 1 ms). 1. Electron gun magnet coil. This coil is used for generating the magnetic field in an electron gun region to provide the proper conditions for electron beam forming

175

About the RHIC II Working Groups  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About the Working Groups About the Working Groups The BNL Physics Department is organizing a series of meetings among theorists and experimenters from throughout the interested scientific community to focus on the central questions that will drive the next phase of RHIC physics. The November 2004 workshop was a kick-off meeting, to collect ideas and topics for future workshops, and assemble community-wide working groups. At the November workshop we had an extensive discussion of how the RHIC community should best organize itself to refine the science agenda for the next phase of RHIC research, to fully understand the science drivers for the RHIC II upgrades, and make a compelling scientific case for these upgrades to the broader nuclear physics community and to the young generation of RHIC scientists.

176

Imaging of granular sources in high energy heavy ion collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the source imaging for a granular pion-emitting source model in high energy heavy ion collisions. The two-pion source functions of the granular sources exhibit a two-tiered structure. Using a parametrized formula of granular two-pion source function, we examine the two-tiered structure of the source functions for the imaging data of Au+Au collisions at Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) and Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). We find that the imaging technique introduced by Brown and Danielewicz is suitable for probing the granular structure of the sources. Our data-fitting results indicate that there is not visible granularity for the sources at AGS energies. However, the data for the RHIC collisions with the selections of $40 < {\\rm centrality} < 90%$ and $0.20

Zhi-Tao Yang; Wei-Ning Zhang; Lei Huo; Jing-Bo Zhang

2008-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

177

System size and energy dependence of $?$ meson production at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a system size and energy dependence of $\\phi$ meson production in Cu+Cu and Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=62.4 GeV and 200 GeV measured by the STAR experiment at RHIC. We find that the number of participant scaled $\\phi$ meson yields in heavy ion collisions over that of p+p collisions are larger than 1 and increase with collision energy. We compare the results with those of open-strange particles and discuss the physics implication.

J. H. Chen

2008-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

178

What can we learn from hydrodynamic analysis at RHIC?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We can establish a new picture, the perfect fluid sQGP core and the dissipative hadronic corona, of the space-time evolution of produced matter in relativistic heavy ion collisions at RHIC. It is also shown that the picture works well also in the forward rapidity region through an analysis based on a new class of the hydro-kinetic model and that this is a manifestation of rapid increase of entropy density in the vicinity of QCD critical temperature, namely deconfinement.

Tetsufumi Hirano

2005-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

179

RHIC DETECTOR ADVISORY COMMITTEE Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RHIC RHIC DETECTOR ADVISORY COMMITTEE Report of Review on Nov. 22, 2003 at BNL 1. Introduction The committee, consisting of Peter Braun-Munzinger (chair), Russell Betts, Carl Haber, Berndt Mueller, Rick Van Berg, and Jerry Va'vra 1 , met for the second time on Nov. 22, 2003 at BNL, chiefly to evaluate proposals by the STAR collaboration on their "MRPC TOF Detector" and by the PHENIX collaboration on their "Si-Tracker". Brief reports were also heard on the progress of the various R&D efforts in STAR and PHENIX but time was too short to make a detailed assessment of those. This report will hence concentrate on the main proposals. At the end we will make some remarks on the status of R&D in general and on some technical aspects we heard in the open session. 2. STAR MRPC TOF Detector The development of a detailed proposal for a TOF in STAR, based on the MRPC tech- nology, is

180

What are the degrees of freedom in the partonic fluid at RHIC ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent RHIC data show evidence of multiple hadron production mechanisms in heavy ion collisions compared to simple fragmentation in vacuum. I will review the measurements of collective flow, high momentum quenching, and two particle angular correlations to show that neither thermal production nor string fragmentation can describe the abundances, the angular distributions or the kinematic properties of all hadrons produced at RHIC. The proposed new hadronization mechanisms not only serve as evidence for a deconfined partonic phase of matter, but also for strong coupling of the degrees of freedom in the deconfined phase. I will point out a surprising lack of flavor dependence in these properties at RHIC, though, which might have to lead to further revisions of our understanding of the relevant degrees of freedom in the partonic phase and during the hadronization process.

Rene Bellwied

2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The Muon Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

11] D. Summers et al. , Muon Acceleration to 750 GeV in theThe muon collider M. S. Zisman * Lawrence Berkeley Nationalnew type of accelerator, the muon collider. This accelerator

Zisman, Michael S.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

The Muon Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

11] D. Summers et al. , Muon Acceleration to 750 GeV in theThe muon collider M. S. Zisman * Lawrence Berkeley Nationalnew type of accelerator, the muon collider. This accelerator

Zisman, Michael S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Steffen A. Bass CTEQ 2004 Summer School #1 Dynamic Modeling of RHIC CollisionsDynamic Modeling of RHIC Collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear MatterCompressing and Heating Nuclear Matter accelerate and collide two heavy atomic nuclei: hybrid approaches #12;Steffen A. Bass CTEQ 2004 Summer School #2 Why do Heavy-Ion Physics? ·QCD Vacuum ·Bulk Properties of Nuclear Matter ·Early Universe #12;Steffen A. Bass CTEQ 2004 Summer School #3 QCD

Bass, Steffen A.

184

Muon collider gains momentum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... , US scientists staked their claim in a daring new venture: the world's first muon collider. The collider could overtake two more-mature concepts, each of which plan to ... expected to achieve. They are now trying to rally enthusiasm for a collider that smashes muons, a particle that is about 200 times more massive than the electron. ...

Eric Hand

2009-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

185

Photon collider Higgs factories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The discovery of the Higgs boson (and still nothing else) have triggered appearance of many proposals of Higgs factories for precision measurement of the Higgs properties. Among them there are several projects of photon colliders (PC) without e+e- in addition to PLC based on e+e- linear colliders ILC and CLIC. In this paper, following a brief discussion of Higgs factories physics program I give an overview of photon colliders based on linear colliders ILC and CLIC, and of the recently proposed photon-collider Higgs factories with no e+e- collision option based on recirculation linacs in ring tunnels.

V. I. Telnov

2014-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

186

PROCEEDINGS OF RIKEN BNL RESEARCH CENTER, RHIC SPIN COLLABORATION MEETING VI, VOLUME 36.  

SciTech Connect

The sixth meeting of the RHIC Spin Collaboration (RSC) took place on October 1, 2001 at Brookhaven National Laboratory. RHIC is now in its second year of operation for physics production and the first polarized proton collision run at {radical}s=200 GeV is expected to start in eight weeks. The RSC has developed a plan for this coming run through two previous meetings, RHIC Spin Physics III (August 3, 2000) and IV (October 13-14, 2000). We requested the following: two weeks of polarized proton studies in AGS, three weeks of polarized collider commissioning, and five weeks of polarized proton physics run. As a result, we have obtained all we asked and the above plans are implemented in the current operation schedule. The focus of the present meeting was to bring all involved in the RHIC Spin activities up-to-date on the progress of machine development, theory issues, and experimental issues. This meeting was right after the Program Advisory Committee (PAC) meeting and it started with the comments on the PAC discussion by Gerry Bunce, who was informed about the PAC deliberations by Tom Kirk. The PAC was fully supportive to complete the proposed spin program within the currently available budget for RHIC run 2 operations. Gerry further explained the expected luminosity to be {integral} Ldt = 0.5 pb{sup -1} per week, reflecting the current machine status. The introductory session also had a talk from Werner Vogelsang that reviewed the progress in perturbative QCD theory focused on spin effects.

BLAND,L.; SAITO,N.

2001-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

187

PERFORMANCE OF THE RHIC IPM.  

SciTech Connect

Four ionization beam profile monitors (IPM's) are in RHIC to measure vertical and horizontal profiles in the two rings. Each IPM collects and measures the distribution of electrons in the beamline resulting from residual gas ionization during bunch passage. The IPM's performed well during the 1999 commissioning run and early in the 2000 run. However as the bunch intensity increased there was a beam-induced ringing that increased in amplitude until it saturated the amplifiers and made the IPM's unusable. Near the end of the run the cause of the ringing was found and one IPM was fixed. At the start of the 2001 run all four IPM have EM1 shielding installed.

CONNOLLY,R.; CAMERON,P.; MICHNOFF,R.; TEPIKIAN,S.

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

188

Viscosity at RHIC: Theory and Practice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrodynamic behavior and the associated discussions of viscosity at RHIC has inspired a r enaissance in modeling viscous hydrodynamics. An explanation of Israel-Stewart hydrodynamics is presented here, with an emphasis on the tangible benefits compared to Navier Stokes.

Scott Pratt

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Summary of the RHIC Retreat 2007  

SciTech Connect

The RHIC Retreat 2007 took place on July 16-17 2007 at the Foxwoods Resort in CT, about 3 weeks after the end of the RHIC Run-7. The goal of the Retreat is traditionally to plan the upcoming run in the light of the results from the previous one, by providing a snapshot of the present understanding of the machine and a forum for free and frank discussion. A particular attention was paid to the challenge of increasing the time at store, and the related issue of system reliability. An interesting Session covered all new developments aimed to improve the machine performance and luminosity. In Section 2 we summarize the results from Run-7 for RHIC and the injectors and discuss the present objectives of the RHIC program and performance. Sections 3-6 are summaries of the Retreat sessions focused on preparation for deuteron gold and polarized protons, respectively, machine availability and new developments.

Pilat,F.; Gardner, C.; Montag, C.; Roser, T.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Heavy-quark probes of the quark-gluon plasma and interpretation of recent data taken at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermalization and collective flow of charm (c) and bottom (b) quarks in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions are evaluated based on elastic parton rescattering in an expanding quark-gluon plasma (QGP). We show that resonant interactions in a...

van Hees, H.; Greco, V.; Rapp, Ralf.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Perturbative and nonperturbative EM lepton pair production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions  

SciTech Connect

In this talk, the authors focus on electromagnetic dilepton production from the QED-vacuum in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. Heavy ions in relativistic motion generate strong time-dependent EM fields with large Fourier components which give rise to sizable pair production. There are several motivations for this study: Lepton pair production by hadronic (Drell-Yan) processes has been widely discussed as a possible signature of the quark-gluon plasma formation. The dominant background will come from electromagnetic sources and could even mask the signals from the plasma phase. Electromagnetically produced lepton pairs also impose severe constraints on the design of relativistic heavy-ion colliders such as RHIC and LHC. In addition to the free pair production discussed above, pair-production with capture of the negatively charged lepton into a bound state is also possible. This change of the charge state of the ions is the leading mechanism for beam loss of relativistic colliders. Accurate predictions of the cross section for this process are important because the cross section increases with energy.

Oberacker, V.E.; Wells, J.C.; Umar, A.S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)]|[Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Strayer, M.R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

192

PHENIX EXPERIMENT AT RHIC: DECADAL PLAN 2004-2013  

SciTech Connect

The PHENIX Collaboration has developed a plan for the detailed investigation of quantum chromodynamics in the next decade. The demonstrated capabilities of the PHENIX experiment to measure rare processes in hadronic, leptonic and photonic channels, in combination with RHIC's unparalleled flexibility as a hadronic collider, provides a physics program of extraordinary breadth and depth. A superlative set of measurements to elucidate the states of both hot and cold nuclear matter, and to measure the spin structure of the proton has been identified. The components of this plan include: (1) Definitive measurements that will establish the nature of the matter created in nucleus+nucleus collisions, that will determine if the description of such matter as a quark-gluon plasma is appropriate, and that will quantify both the equilibrium and non-equilibrium features of the produced medium. (2) Precision measurements of the gluon structure of the proton, and of the spin structure of the gluon and sea-quark distributions of the proton via polarized proton+proton collisions. (3) Determination of the gluon distribution in cold nuclear matter using proton+nucleus collisions. Each of these fundamental fields of investigation will be addressed through a program of correlated measurements in some or all of the following channels: (1) Particle production at high transverse momentum, studied via single particle inclusive measurements of identified charged and neutral hadrons, multi-particle correlations and jet production. (2) Direct photon, photon+jet and virtual photon production. (3) Light and heavy vector mesons. (4) Heavy flavor production. These measurements, together with the established PHENIX abilities to identify hadrons at low transverse momentum, to perform detailed centrality selections, and to monitor polarization and luminosity with high precision create a superb opportunity for performing world-class science with PHENIX for the next decade. A portion of this program is achievable using the present capabilities of PHENIX experimental apparatus, but the physics reach is considerably extended and the program made even more compelling by a proposed set of upgrades which include: (1) An aerogel and time-of-flight system to provide complete {pi}/K/p separation for momenta up to 10 GeV/c. (2) A vertex detector to detect displaced vertices from the decay of mesons containing charm or bottom quarks. (3) A hadron-blind detector to detect and track electrons near the vertex. (4) A micro-TPC to extend the range of PHENIX tracking in azimuth and pseudo-rapidity. (5) A forward detector upgrade for an improved muon trigger to preserve sensitivity at the highest projected RHIC luminosities. (6) A forward calorimeter to provide photon+jet studies over a wide kinematic range. The success of the proposed program is contingent upon several factors external to PHENIX. Implementation of the upgrades is predicated on the availability of R&D funds to develop the required detector technologies on a timely, and in some cases urgent, basis. The necessity for such funding, and the physics merit of the proposed PHENIX program, has been endorsed in the first meeting of BNL's Detector Advisory Committee in December, 2002. Progress towards the physics goals depends in an essential way on the development of the design values for RHIC luminosity, polarization and availability. An analysis based on the guidance from the Collider Accelerator Department indicates that moderate increases in the yearly running time lead to very considerable increases in progress toward the enunciated goals. Efficient access to the rarest probes in the proposed program is achieved via the order-of-magnitude increase in luminosity provided by RHIC-II.

ZAJC,W.ET. AL.

2003-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

193

Muon Muon Collider: Feasibility Study  

SciTech Connect

A feasibility study is presented of a 2 + 2 TeV muon collider with a luminosity of L = 10{sup 35} cm{sup -2}s{sup -1}. The resulting design is not optimized for performance, and certainly not for cost; however, it does suffice - we believe - to allow us to make a credible case, that a muon collider is a serious possibility for particle physics and, therefore, worthy of R and D support so that the reality of, and interest in, a muon collider can be better assayed. The goal of this support would be to completely assess the physics potential and to evaluate the cost and development of the necessary technology. The muon collider complex consists of components which first produce copious pions, then capture the pions and the resulting muons from their decay; this is followed by an ionization cooling channel to reduce the longitudinal and transverse emittance of the muon beam. The next stage is to accelerate the muons and, finally, inject them into a collider ring wich has a small beta function at the colliding point. This is the first attempt at a point design and it will require further study and optimization. Experimental work will be needed to verify the validity of diverse crucial elements in the design. Muons because of their large mass compared to an electron, do not produce significant synchrotron radiation. As a result there is negligible beamstrahlung and high energy collisions are not limited by this phenomena. In addition, muons can be accelerated in circular devices which will be considerably smaller than two full-energy linacs as required in an e{sup +} - e{sup -} collider. A hadron collider would require a CM energy 5 to 10 times higher than 4 TeV to have an equivalent energy reach. Since the accelerator size is limited by the strength of bending magnets, the hadron collider for the same physics reach would have to be much larger than the muon collider. In addition, muon collisions should be cleaner than hadron collisions. There are many detailed particle reactions which are open to a muon collider and the physics of such reactions - what one learns and the necessary luminosity to see interesting events - are described in detail. Most of the physics accesible to an e{sup +} - e{sup -} collider could be studied in a muon collider. In addition the production of Higgs bosons in the s-channel will allow the measurement of Higgs masses and total widths to high precision; likewise, t{bar t} and W{sup +}W{sup -} threshold studies would yield m{sub t} and m{sub w} to great accuracy. These reactions are at low center of mass energy (if the MSSM is correct) and the luminosity and {Delta}p/p of the beams required for these measurements is detailed in the Physics Chapter. On the other hand, at 2 + 2 TeV, a luminosity of L {approx} 10{sup 35} cm{sup -2}s{sup -1} is desirable for studies such as, the scattering of longitudinal W bosons or the production of heavy scalar particles. Not explored in this work, but worth noting, are the opportunities for muon-proton and muon-heavy ion collisions as well as the enormous richness of such a facility for fixed target physics provided by the intense beams of neutrinos, muons, pions, kaons, antiprotons and spallation neutrons. To see all the interesting physics described herein requires a careful study of the operation of a detector in the very large background. Three sources of background have been identified. The first is from any halo accompanying the muon beams in the collider ring. Very carefully prepared beams will have to be injected and maintained. The second is due to the fact that on average 35% of the muon energy appears in its decay electron. The energy of the electron subsequently is converted into EM showers either from the synchrotron radiation they emit in the collider magnetic field or from direct collision with the surrounding material. The decays that occur as the beams traverse the low beta insert are of particular concern for detector backgrounds. A third source of background is e{sup +} - e{sup -} pair creation from {mu}{sup +} - {mu}{sup -} interaction. Studies of

Gallardo, J.C.; Palmer, R.B.; /Brookhaven; Tollestrup, A.V.; /Fermilab; Sessler, A.M.; /LBL, Berkeley; Skrinsky, A.N.; /Novosibirsk, IYF; Ankenbrandt, C.; Geer, S.; Griffin, J.; Johnstone, C.; Lebrun, P.; McInturff, A.; Mills, Frederick E.; Mokhov, N.; Moretti, A.; Neuffer, D.; Ng, K.Y.; Noble, R.; Novitski, I.; Popovic, M.; Qian, C.; Van Ginneken, A. /Fermilab /Brookhaven /Wisconsin U., Madison /Tel Aviv U. /Indiana U. /UCLA /LBL, Berkeley /SLAC /Argonne /Sobolev IM, Novosibirsk /UC, Davis /Munich, Tech. U. /Virginia U. /KEK, Tsukuba /DESY /Novosibirsk, IYF /Jefferson Lab /Mississippi U. /SUNY, Stony Brook /MIT /Columbia U. /Fairfield U. /UC, Berkeley; ,

2012-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

194

SLAC linear collider  

SciTech Connect

A brief description of the proposed SLAC Linear Collider is given. This machine would investigate the possibilities and limitations of Linear Colliders while at the same time producing thousands of Z/sup 0/ particles per day for the study of the weak interactions.

Hollebeek, R.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Experimental Results on p(d)+A Collisions at RHIC and the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent experimental results at both the LHC and RHIC show evidence for hydrodynamic behavior in proton-nucleus and deuteron- nucleus collisions (p+A). This unexpected finding has prompted new measurements in p+A collisions in order to understand whether similar matter is created in A+A and p+A collisions or whether some another explanation is needed. In this proceedings, we will discuss the new experimental data and its interpretation within the context of heavy ion collisions.

Anne M. Sickles

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Papers on Muon Colliders  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnets for Muon Collider and Neutrino Storage Ring Magnets for Muon Collider and Neutrino Storage Ring (and Open Midplane Dipole for LARP): R. Gupta, et al., "High Field HTS Solenoid for a Muon Collider – Demonstrations, Challenges and Strategies, MT23, July 2013", presented at MT23, (talk) R. Weggel et al., "Open Midplane Dipoles for Muon Collider", 2011 Particle Accelerator Conference, New York (POSTER).. R. Gupta, M. Anerella, A. Ghosh, H. Kirk, R. Palmer, S. Plate, W. Sampson, Y. Shiroyanagi, P. Wanderer, B. Brandt, D. Cline, A. Garren, J. Kolonko, R. Scanlan, R. Weggel, "High field HTS R&D solenoid for muon collider", 2010 Applied Superconductivity Conference, Washington, DC, August 2010 >> Y. Shiroyanagi, W. Sampson, A. Ghosh, R. Gupta, "The Construction and

197

RHIC BPM SYSTEM MODIFICATIONS AND PERFORMANCE.  

SciTech Connect

The RHIC beam position monitor (BPM) system provides independent average orbit and turn-by-turn (TBT) position measurements. In each ring, there are 162 measurement locations per plane (horizontal and vertical) for a total of 648 BPM planes in the RHIC machine. During 2003 and 2004 shutdowns, BPM processing electronics were moved from the RHIC tunnel to controls alcoves to reduce radiation impact, and the analog signal paths of several dozen modules were modified to eliminate gain-switching relays and improve signal stability. This paper presents results of improved system performance, including stability for interaction region beam-based alignment efforts. We also summarize performance of recently-added DSP profile scan capability, and improved million-turn TBT acquisition channels for 10 Hz triplet vibration, nonlinear dynamics, and echo studies.

SATOGATA, T.; CALAGA, R.; CAMERON, P.; ET AL.

2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

198

Dilepton Production at Fermilab and RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Some recent results from several fixed-target dimuon production experiments at Fermilab are presented. In particular, we discuss the use of Drell-Yan data to determine the flavor structure of the nucleon sea, as well as to deduce the energy-loss of partons traversing nuclear medium. Future dilepton experiments at RHIC could shed more light on the flavor asymmetry and possible charge-symmetry-violation of the nucleon sea. Clear evidence for scaling violation in the Drell-Yan process could also be revealed at RHIC.

J. C. Peng; P. L. McGaughey; J. M. Moss

1999-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

199

Direct photon production at RHIC and LHC energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Direct photon spectra and elliptic flow v2 in heavy-ion collisions at RHIC and LHC energies are investigated within a relativistic transport approach incorporating both hadronic and partonic phases - the Parton-Hadron-String Dynamics (PHSD). The results suggest that a large v2 of the direct photons - as observed by the PHENIX Collaboration - signals a significant contribution of photons produced in interactions of secondary mesons and baryons in the late stages of the collision. In order to further differentiate the origin of the direct photon azimuthal asymmetry, we compare our predictions for the centrality dependence of the direct photon yield to the recent measurements by the PHENIX Collaboration and provide predictions for Pb+Pb collisions at LHC energies with respect to the direct photon spectra and v2(pT) for 0-40% centrality.

Linnyk, O; Cassing, W

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Strangeness production in small and large collisions systems at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present measurements of strange and multi-strange hadrons in p+p collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$= 200 GeV measured by STAR. We will compare these preliminary results to leading-order (LO) and next-to-leading order (NLO) perturbative QCD models widely believed to describe the production mechanisms. In particular we will point out recent changes of the model calculations which improve the agreement with our data significantly and will discuss the physics consequences. In larger collision systems, produced with heavy ions at RHIC, we observe the centrality dependence of strange and multi-strange particle production. The non-linear dependency between (anti)-hyperon yields and the system size \\Npart seems to indicate that the correlation volume does not scale exactly with \\Npart in contradiction to previous assumptions by thermal models.

Mark Heinz

2006-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory P.O. Box 5000, Upton NY 11973 631 344-2345 www.bnl.gov The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory · P.O. Box 5000, Upton NY 11973 RHIC colli- sions -- including photons, electrons, muons, and quark- containing particles -- using large steel magnets that surround the collision zone. · Photons, electrons, and muons are not affected

202

muon Collider Notes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Muon Collider Notes Muon Collider Notes MC-001 D. Neuffer, "Colliding Muon Beams at 90 GeV" Fermilab Note FN-319, July 1979. MC-002 D. Neuffer, "Principles and Applications of Muon Cooling" Proc. of the 12th International Conf. on High-Energy Accelerators, p. 481, 1983. MC-003 V.V. Parkhomchuk and A.N. Skrinsky, "Ionization Cooling: Physics and Applications" Proc. of the 12th International Conf. on High-Energy Accelerators, p. 485, 1983. MC-004 E.A. Perevedentsev and A.N. Skrinsky, "On the Proton Klystron" Proc. of the 12th International Conf. on High-Energy Accelerators, p. 508, 1983. MC-005 D. Neuffer, "Principles and Applications of Muon Cooling" Particle Accelerators, Vol. 14, p. 75, 1983. MC-006 D. Neuffer, "Multi-TeV Muon Colliders" Proc. of the Advanced

203

Towards a Muon Collider  

SciTech Connect

A multi TeV Muon Collider is required for the full coverage of Terascale physics. The physics potential for a Muon Collider at {approx}3 TeV and integrated luminosity of 1 ab{sup -1} is outstanding. Particularly strong cases can be made if the new physics is SUSY or new strong dynamics. Furthermore, a staged Muon Collider can provide a Neutrino Factory to fully disentangle neutrino physics. If a narrow s-channel resonance state exists in the multi-TeV region, the physics program at a Muon Collider could begin with less than 10{sup 31} cm{sup -2} s{sup -1} luminosity. Detailed studies of the physics case for a 1.5-4 TeV Muon Collider are just beginning. The goals of such studies are to: (1) identify benchmark physics processes; (2) study the physics dependence on beam parameters; (3) estimate detector backgrounds; and (4) compare the physics potential of a Muon Collider with those of the ILC, CLIC and upgrades to the LHC.

Eichten, E.; /Fermilab

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Central collisions of heavy ions  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the activities of the Heavy Ion Physics Group at the University of California, Riverside from October 1, 1990 to September 30, 1991. During this period, our program focuses on particle production at AGS energies, and correlation studies at the Bevalac in nucleus central collisions. We participated in the preparation of letters of intent for two RHIC experiments -- the OASIS proposal and the Di-Muon proposal -- and worked on two RHIC R D efforts -- a silicon strip detector project and a muon-identifier project. A small fraction of time was also devoted to physics programs outside the realm of heavy ion reactions by several individuals.

Fung, Sun-yiu.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

405th Brookhaven Lecture  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

"E-RHIC - Future Electron-Ion Collider at BNL. While RHIC scientists continue their quest to look deep into nuclear phenomena resulting from collisions of ion beams and beams of polarized protons, new design work is under way for a possible extension of RHIC to include e-RHIC, a 10-billion electron volt, high-intensity polarized proton beam.

Vadim Ptitsyn

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Particle Production in High-energy Heavy-ion Collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Particle production mechanisms in high-energy heavy-ion collisions are reviewed in connection with recent experimental data from RHIC. Implications on mini-jet production, parton saturation and jet quenching are discussed.

Xin-Nian Wang

2001-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

207

Development of ion injection into the BNL test electron beam ion source using a prototype low energy beam transfer switchyard and a hollow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of ion injection into the BNL test electron beam ion source using a prototype low-to-pulse basis, the BNL RHIC electron beam ion source EBIS will use injection of primary "seed" ions from energy beam transfer switchyard and a hollow cathode ion source ,,abstract...a...,b... E. N. Beebe, J. G

208

Rapidity Dependence of Elliptic Flow at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The measured elliptic flow (v2) of identified particles as a function of pT and centrality at RHIC suggests the created medium in Au+Au collisions achieves early local thermal equilibrium that is followed by hydrodynamic expansion. It is not known if the eta dependence on v2 is a general feature of elliptic flow or reflects other changes in the particle spectra in going from mid-rapidity to foward rapidities. The BRAHMS experiment provides a unique capability compared to the other RHIC experiments to measure v2 for identified particles over a wide rapidity range. From Run 4 Au+Au collision at sqrt{s_{NN}} = 200GeV, identified elliptic flow is studied using the BRAHMS spectrometers, which cover 0

Erik Johnson

2006-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

209

Azimuthal Jet Tomography at RHIC and LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A generic jet-energy loss model that is coupled to state-of-the-art hydrodynamic fields and interpolates between a wide class of running coupling pQCD-based and AdS/CFT-inspired models is compared to recent data on the azimuthal and transverse momentum dependence of high-pT pion nuclear modification factors and high-pT elliptic flow measured at RHIC and LHC. We find that RHIC data are surprisingly consistent with various scenarios considered. However, extrapolations to LHC energies favor running coupling pQCD-based models of jet-energy loss. While conformal holographic models are shown to be inconsistent with data, recent non-conformal generalizations of AdS holography may provide an alternative description.

Barbara Betz; Miklos Gyulassy

2014-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

210

Applying Effective Theories to Collider Phenomenology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theories to Collider Phenomenology by Grigol GagikovichTheories to Collider Phenomenology Copyright 2010 by GrigolTheories to Collider Phenomenology by Grigol Gagikovich

Ovanesyan, Grigol

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Source of second order chromaticity in RHIC  

SciTech Connect

In this note we will answer the following questions: (1) what is the source of second order chromaticities in RHIC? (2) what is the dependence of second order chromaticity on the on-momentum {beta}-beat? (3) what is the dependence of second order chromaticity on {beta}* at IP6 and IP8? To answer these questions, we use the perturbation theory to numerically calculate the contributions of each quadrupole and sextupole to the first, second, and third order chromaticities.

Luo, Y.; Gu, X.; Fischer, W.; Trbojevic, D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

ELECTRON CLOUD OBSERVATIONS AND CURES IN RHIC  

SciTech Connect

Since 2001 RHIC has experienced electron cloud effects, which have limited the beam intensity. These include dynamic pressure rises - including pressure instabilities, tune shifts, a reduction of the stability threshold for bunches crossing the transition energy, and possibly incoherent emittance growth. We summarize the main observations in operation and dedicated experiments, as well as countermeasures including baking, NEG coated warm beam pipes, solenoids, bunch patterns, anti-grazing rings, pre-pumped cold beam pipes, scrubbing, and operation with long bunches.

FISCHER,W.; BLASKIEWICZ, M.; HUANG, H.; HSEUH, H.C.; ET AL.

2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

213

Analysis of RHIC beam dump pre-fires  

SciTech Connect

It has been speculated that the beam may cause instability of the RHIC Beam Abort Kickers. In this study, we explore the available data of past beam operations, the device history of key modulator components, and the radiation patterns to examine the correlations. The RHIC beam abort kicker system was designed and built in the 90's. Over last decade, we have made many improvements to bring the RHIC beam abort kicker system to a stable operational state. However, the challenge continues. We present the analysis of the pre-fire, an unrequested discharge of kicker, issues which relates to the RHIC machine safety and operational stability.

Zhang, W.; Ahrens, L.; Fischer, W.; Hahn, H.; Mi, J.; Sandberg, J.; Tan, Y.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

214

The Muon Collider  

SciTech Connect

We describe the scientific motivation for a new type of accelerator, the muon collider. This accelerator would permit an energy-frontier scientific program and yet would fit on the site of an existing laboratory. Such a device is quite challenging, and requires a substantial R&D program. After describing the ingredients of the facility, the ongoing R&D activities of the Muon Accelerator Program are discussed. A possible U.S. scenario that could lead to a muon collider at Fermilab is briefly mentioned.

Zisman, Michael S

2010-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

215

Dark matter at colliders  

SciTech Connect

We show that colliders can impose strong constraints on dark matter. We take an effective field theory approach where dark matter couples to quarks and gluons through high dimensional operators. We discuss limits on interactions of dark matter and hadronic matter from the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). For spin-independent scattering, the LHC limits are stronger than those from direct detection experiments for light WIMPs. For spin-dependent scattering, the LHC sets better limits over much of parameter space.

Yu Haibo [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109 (United States)

2013-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

216

Beam physics in future electron hadron colliders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-energy electron-hadron collisions could support a rich research programme in particle and nuclear physics. Several future projects are being proposed around the world, in particular eRHIC at BNL, MEIC at TJNAF in the US, and LHeC at CERN in Europe. This paper will highlight some of the accelerator physics issues, and describe related technical developments and challenges for these machines. In particular, optics design and beam dynamics studies are discussed, including longitudinal phase space manipulation, coherent synchrotron radiation, beam-beam kink instability, ion effects, as well as mitigation measures for beam break up and for space-charge induced emittance growth, all of which could limit the machine performance. Finally, first steps are presented towards an LHeC R&D facility, which should investigate relevant beam-physics processes.

Valloni, A; Klein, M; Schulte, D; Zimmermann, F

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

E-Print Network 3.0 - all-ferrite rhic injection Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RHIC Brookhaven National Laboratory Summary: routinely provide a beam of 0.7x1011 bunch intensity with 50% polarization at RHIC injection energy... Demonstrated the capability of...

218

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture rhic arc Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerator and RHIC Electron Cooling Group Collection: Physics 4 Annual DOENuclear Physics Review of RHIC Science and Technology, Vladimir Litvinenko, July 25, 2006...

219

The Large Hadron Collider  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...fully from the space available in...the machine construction. The superconducting...for a single sector, the whole...therefore, as the heating increases...was made, a sector was powered...is a slight heating during ramp...Collider. | The construction of the Large...the limited space available in...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

The Electron-Ion Collider Science Case  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For the first time, physicists are in the position to precisely study a fully relativistic quantum field theory: Quantum ChromoDynamics (QCD). QCD is a central element of the Standard Model and provides the theoretical framework for understanding the strong interaction. This demands a powerful new electron microscope to probe the virtual particles of QCD. Ab initio calculations using lattice gauge theory on the world's most powerful supercomputers are essential for comparison with the data. The new accelerator and computing techniques demand aggressive development of challenging, innovative technologies.

Richard G. Milner

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Physics Reach at Future Colliders  

SciTech Connect

The physics reach at future colliders is discussed, with focus on the Higgs sector. First we present the Standard Model and some results obtained at the existing high-energy hadron collider, Tevatron, together with the corresponding expectations for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), which starts operating in 2008. Then we discuss important low energy measurements: the anomalous magnetic moment for muon and the leptonic B-decay together with b{yields}s{gamma}. Finally the potential of the planned e{sup +}e{sup -} International Linear Collider (ILC) and its possible option Photon Linear Collider (PLC), e{gamma} and {gamma}{gamma}, is shortly presented.

Krawczyk, Maria [Institute of Theoretical Physics, University of Warsaw, ul. Hoz-dota 69, 00-681 Warsaw (Poland); CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)

2007-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

222

The RHIC SPIN Program: Achievements and Future Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time and again, spin has been a key element in the exploration of fundamental physics. Spin-dependent observables have often revealed deficits in the assumed theoretical framework and have led to novel developments and concepts. Spin is exploited in many parity-violating experiments searching for physics beyond the Standard Model or studying the nature of nucleon-nucleon forces. The RHIC spin program plays a special role in this grand scheme: it uses spin to study how a complex many-body system such as the proton arises from the dynamics of QCD. Many exciting results from RHIC spin have emerged to date, most of them from RHIC running after the 2007 Long Range Plan. In this document we present highlights from the RHIC program to date and lay out the roadmap for the significant advances that are possible with future RHIC running.

Elke-Caroline Aschenauer; Alexander Bazilevsky; Markus Diehl; James Drachenberg; Kjeld Oleg Eyser; Renee Fatemi; Carl Gagliardi; Zhongbo Kang; Yuri V. Kovchegov; John Lajoie; Jeong-Hun Lee; Emanuele-R. Nocera; Daniel Pitonyak; Alexei Prokudin; Rodolfo Sassot; Ralf Seidl; Ernst Sichtermann; Matt Sievert; Bernd Surrow; Marco Stratmann; Werner Vogelsang; Anselm Vossen; Scott W. Wissink; Feng Yuan

2015-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

223

The RHIC SPIN Program: Achievements and Future Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time and again, spin has been a key element in the exploration of fundamental physics. Spin-dependent observables have often revealed deficits in the assumed theoretical framework and have led to novel developments and concepts. Spin is exploited in many parity-violating experiments searching for physics beyond the Standard Model or studying the nature of nucleon-nucleon forces. The RHIC spin program plays a special role in this grand scheme: it uses spin to study how a complex many-body system such as the proton arises from the dynamics of QCD. Many exciting results from RHIC spin have emerged to date, most of them from RHIC running after the 2007 Long Range Plan. In this document we present highlights from the RHIC program to date and lay out the roadmap for the significant advances that are possible with future RHIC running.

Aschenauer, Elke-Caroline; Diehl, Markus; Drachenberg, James; Eyser, Kjeld Oleg; Fatemi, Renee; Gagliardi, Carl; Kang, Zhongbo; Kovchegov, Yuri; Lajoie, John; Lee, Jeong-Hun; Nocera, Emanuele-R; Pitonyak, Daniel; Prokudin, Alexei; Sassot, Rodolfo; Seidl, Ralf; Sichtermann, Ernst; Sievert, Matt; Surrow, Bernd; Stratmann, Marco; Vogelsang, Werner; Vossen, Anselm; Wissink, Scott W; Yuan, Feng

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

TWO-PHOTON PHYSICS IN NUCLEUS-NUCLEUS COLLISIONS AT RHIC.  

SciTech Connect

Ultra-relativistic heavy-ions carry strong electromagnetic and nuclear fields. Interactions between these fields in peripheral nucleus-nucleus collisions can probe many interesting physics topics. This presentation will focus on coherent two-photon and photonuclear processes at RHIC. The rates for these interactions will be high. The coherent coupling of all the protons in the nucleus enhances the equivalent photon flux by a factor Z{sup 2} up to an energy of {approx} 3 GeV. The plans for studying coherent interactions with the STAR experiment will be discussed. Experimental techniques for separating signal from background will be presented.

NYSTRAND,J.

1998-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

225

Construction progress of the RHIC electron lenses  

SciTech Connect

In polarized proton operation the RHIC performance is limited by the head-on beam-beam effect. To overcome this limitation two electron lenses are under construction. We give an overview of the construction progress. Guns, collectors and the warm electron beam transport solenoids with their power supplies have been constructed. The superconducting solenoids that guide the electron beam during the interaction with the proton beam are near completion. A test stand has been set up to verify the performance of the gun, collector and some of the instrumentation. The infrastructure is being prepared for installation, and simulations continue to optimize the performance.

Fischer W.; Altinbas, Z.; Anerella, M.; Beebe, E.; et al

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

226

Muon Collider Progress: Accelerators  

SciTech Connect

A muon collider would be a powerful tool for exploring the energy-frontier with leptons, and would complement the studies now under way at the LHC. Such a device would offer several important benefits. Muons, like electrons, are point particles so the full center-of-mass energy is available for particle production. Moreover, on account of their higher mass, muons give rise to very little synchrotron radiation and produce very little beamstrahlung. The first feature permits the use of a circular collider that can make efficient use of the expensive rf system and whose footprint is compatible with an existing laboratory site. The second feature leads to a relatively narrow energy spread at the collision point. Designing an accelerator complex for a muon collider is a challenging task. Firstly, the muons are produced as a tertiary beam, so a high-power proton beam and a target that can withstand it are needed to provide the required luminosity of ~1 10{sup 34} cm{sup 2}s{sup 1}. Secondly, the beam is initially produced with a large 6D phase space, which necessitates a scheme for reducing the muon beam emittance (cooling). Finally, the muon has a short lifetime so all beam manipulations must be done very rapidly. The Muon Accelerator Program, led by Fermilab and including a number of U.S. national laboratories and universities, has undertaken design and R&D activities aimed toward the eventual construction of a muon collider. Design features of such a facility and the supporting R&D program are described.

Zisman, Michael S.

2011-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

227

muon_collider  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

muon_collider muon_collider muon_collider FridayMeetings MCTFmeetings MondayMeetings prstab texput.log #prstab.tex# last.kumac prstab.ps arxiv.tar.gz prstab.tar.gz referee_response_II.pdf prstab.pdf prstab.aux prstab.dvi prstab.end prstab.log prstab.tex prstab.tex~ accel-010307-f03.eps accel-010307-f28.eps old conclusions.tex higgsfact.tex introduction.tex mice.tex neufact.tex physics.tex prstab.tex r_and_d.tex authors_merged.tex buncher.tex temp.prt last.kumacold ringfig.eps MICE-fig.ps chgr_norm.ps chgr_merit.ps temp.csh temp.prt~ xupdn-a-model-view-iron5.eps site1-Layout1.eps rla2.eps phaserot.eps mole-hill.eps intoap.eps emit.eps cavity.eps allcount.eps MICE-88MHz-cooling.eps changes hh_ha_susy_rtsscan.eps letter_plots.eps scott33.eps scott32b.eps scott32a.eps MICE-200MHz-long.eps MICE-resolution.eps dipole_fields.eps

228

Exploring the Universe Within  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

A guided tour of Brookhaven's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) conducted by past Laboratory Director John Marburger. RHIC is a world-class scientific research facility that began operation in 2000, following 10 years of development and construction.

John Marburger

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

229

Proceedings of RIKEN BNL Research Center Workshop: Brookhaven Summer Program on Quarkonium Production in Elementary and Heavy Ion Collisions  

SciTech Connect

Understanding the structure of the hadron is of fundamental importance in subatomic physics. Production of heavy quarkonia is arguably one of the most fascinating subjects in strong interaction physics. It offers unique perspectives into the formation of QCD bound states. Heavy quarkonia are among the most studied particles both theoretically and experimentally. They have been, and continue to be, the focus of measurements in all high energy colliders around the world. Because of their distinct multiple mass scales, heavy quarkonia were suggested as a probe of the hot quark-gluon matter produced in heavy-ion collisions; and their production has been one of the main subjects of the experimental heavy-ion programs at the SPS and RHIC. However, since the discovery of J/psi at Brookhaven National Laboratory and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory over 36 years ago, theorists still have not been able to fully understand the production mechanism of heavy quarkonia, although major progresses have been made in recent years. With this in mind, a two-week program on quarkonium production was organized at BNL on June 6-17, 2011. Many new experimental data from LHC and from RHIC were presented during the program, including results from the LHC heavy ion run. To analyze and correctly interpret these measurements, and in order to quantify properties of the hot matter produced in heavy-ion collisions, it is necessary to improve our theoretical understanding of quarkonium production. Therefore, a wide range of theoretical aspects on the production mechanism in the vacuum as well as in cold nuclear and hot quark-gluon medium were discussed during the program from the controlled calculations in QCD and its effective theories such as NRQCD to various models, and to the first principle lattice calculation. The scientific program was divided into three major scientific parts: basic production mechanism for heavy quarkonium in vacuum or in high energy elementary collisions; the formation of quarkonium in nuclear medium as well as the strong interacting quark-gluon matter produced in heavy ion collisions; and heavy quarkonium properties from the first principle lattice calculations. The heavy quarkonium production at a future Electron-Ion Collider (EIC) was also discussed at the meeting. The highlight of the meeting was the apparent success of the NRQCD approach at next-to-leading order in the description of the quarkonium production in proton-proton, electron-proton and electron positron collisions. Still many questions remain open in lattice calculations of in-medium quarkonium properties and in the area of cold nuclear matter effects.

Dumitru, A.; Lourenco, C.; Petreczky, P.; Qiu, J., Ruan, L.

2011-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

230

Report on CLAS12 Software Workshop Broad view of the state-of-the-art in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, RHIC and Atlas Computing Facility Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC). Formation of quark Ernst, Director, RHIC and Atlas Computing Facility Data Formats CLAS Collaboration Meeting, June 17 Michael Ernst, Director, RHIC and Atlas Computing Facility Parallel processing. Done with athenaMP. Single

Gilfoyle, Jerry

231

Symmetric Achromatic Low-Beta Collider Interaction Region Design Concept  

SciTech Connect

We present a new symmetry-based concept for an achromatic low-beta collider interaction region design. A specially-designed symmetric Chromaticity Compensation Block (CCB) induces an angle spread in the passing beam such that it cancels the chromatic kick of the final focusing quadrupoles. Two such CCB?s placed symmetrically around an interaction point allow simultaneous compensation of the 1st-order chromaticities and chromatic beam smear at the IP without inducing significant 2nd-order aberrations. We first develop an analytic description of this approach and explicitly formulate 2nd-order aberration compensation conditions at the interaction point. The concept is next applied to develop an interaction region design for the ion collider ring of an electron-ion collider. We numerically evaluate performance of the design in terms of momentum acceptance and dynamic aperture. The advantages of the new concept are illustrated by comparing it to the conventional distributed-sextupole chromaticity compensation scheme.

Morozov, Vasiliy S. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Derbenev, Yaroslav S. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Lin, Fanglei [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Johnson, Rolland P. [Muons, Inc., Batavia, IL (United States)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

PROCEEDINGS OF RIKEN BNL RESEARCH CENTER WORKSHOP ON RHIC SPIN PHYSICS III AND IV, POLARIZED PARTONS AT HIGH Q2 REGION, AUGUST 3, 2000 AT BNL, OCTOBER 14, 2000 AT KYOTO UNIVERSITY.  

SciTech Connect

International workshop on II Polarized Partons at High Q2 region 11 was held at the Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan on October 13-14, 2000, as a satellite of the international conference ''SPIN 2000'' (Osaka, Japan, October 16-21,2000). This workshop was supported by RIKEN (The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research) and by Yukawa Institute. The scientific program was focused on the upcoming polarized collider RHIC. The workshop was also an annual meeting of RHIC Spin Collaboration (RSC). The number of participants was 55, including 28 foreign visitors and 8 foreign-resident Japanese participants, reflecting the international nature of the RHIC spin program. At the workshop there were 25 oral presentations in four sessions, (1) RHIC Spin Commissioning, (2) Polarized Partons, Present and Future, (3) New Ideas on Polarization Phenomena, (4) Strategy for the Coming Spin Running. In (1) the successful polarized proton commissioning and the readiness of the accelerator for the physics program impressed us. In (2) and (3) active discussions were made on the new structure function to be firstly measured at RHIC, and several new theoretical ideas were presented. In session (4) we have established a plan for the beam time requirement toward the first collision of polarized protons. These proceedings include the transparencies presented at the workshop. The discussion on ''Strategy for the Coming Spin Running'' was summarized by the chairman of the session, S. Vigdor and G. Bunce.

BUNCE, G.; VIGDOR, S.

2001-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

Muon colliders and neutrino factories  

SciTech Connect

Over the last decade there has been significant progress in developing the concepts and technologies needed to produce, capture and accelerate {Omicron}(10{sup 21}) muons/year. This development prepares the way for a new type of neutrino source (Neutrino Factory) and a new type of very high energy lepton-antilepton collider (Muon Collider). This article reviews the motivation, design and R&D for Neutrino Factories and Muon Colliders.

Geer, S.; /Fermilab

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Colliding neutrino beams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From several neutrino oscillation experiments, we understand now that neutrinos have mass. However, we really don't know what mechanism is responsible for producing this neutrino mass. Current or planned neutrino experiments utilize neutrino beams and long-baseline detectors to explore flavor mixing but do not address the question of the origin of neutrino mass. In order to answer that question, neutrino interactions need to be explored at much higher energies. This paper outlines a program to explore neutrinos and their interactions with various particles through a series of experiments involving colliding neutrino beams.

Reinhard Schwienhorst

2007-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

235

Production of bound {$?^{+}?^{-}$}-systems in relativistic heavy ion collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dimuonium (the bound system of two muons, $\\mu^+\\mu^-$-atom) has not been observed yet. In this paper we discuss the electromagnetic production of dimuonium at RHIC and LHC in relativistic heavy ion collisions. The production of parastates is analyzed in the equivalent photon approximation. For the treatment of orthostates, we develop a three photon formalism. We determine the production rates at RHIC and LHC with an accuracy of a few percent and discuss problems related to the observation of dimuonium.

I. F. Ginzburg; U. D. Jentschura; S. G. Karshenboim; F. Krauss; V. G. Serbo; G. Soff

1998-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

236

Cold nuclear matter effects on the color singlet J/psi production in d-Au collisions at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use a Modified DKLMT model (called M-DKLMT model) to study the cold nuclear matter (CNM) effects on the color singlet J/psi production in d-Au collisions at RHIC. The cold nuclear effect of dipole-nucleus interactions has been investigated by introducing a nuclear geometric effect function f({\\xi}) to study the nuclear geometry distribution effect in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. The dependencies of nuclear modification factors (RdA) on rapidity and centrality are studied and compared to experimental data. It is found that the M-DKLMT model can well describe the experimental results at both forward- and mid-rapidity regions in d-Au collisions at RHIC.

Zefang Jiang; Shengqin Feng; Zhongbao Yin; Yafei Shi; Xianbao Yuan

2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

237

Cold nuclear matter effects on the color singlet J/psi production in d-Au collisions at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use a Modified DKLMT model (called M-DKLMT model) to study the cold nuclear matter (CNM) effects on the color singlet J/psi production in dAu collisions at RHIC. The cold nuclear effect of dipole-nucleus interactions has been investigated by introducing a nuclear geometric effect function f({\\xi}) to study the nuclear geometry distribution effect in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. The dependencies of nuclear modification factors (RdA) on rapidity and centrality are studied and compared to experimental data. It is found that the M-DKLMT model can well describe the experimental results at both forward- and mid-rapidity regions in dAu collisions at RHIC.

Zefang Jiang; Shengqin Feng; Zhongbao Yin; Yafei Shi; Xianbao Yuan

2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

238

Pion spectra and HBT radii at RHIC and LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe RHIC pion data in central A+A collisions and make predictions for LHC based on hydro-kinetic model, describing continuous 4D particle emission, and initial conditions taken from Color Glass Condensate (CGC) model.

Yu. M. Sinyukov; S. V. Akkelin; Iu. A. Karpenko

2007-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

239

The RHIC Spin Program: Achievements and Future Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document summarizes recent achievements of the RHIC spin program and their impact on our understanding of the nucleon's spin structure, i.e. the individual parton (quark and gluon) contributions to the helicity structure of the nucleon and to understand the origin of the transverse spin phenomena. Open questions are identified and a suite of future measurements with polarized beams at RHIC to address them is laid out. Machine and detector requirements and upgrades are briefly discussed.

E. C. Aschenauer; A. Bazilevsky; K. Boyle; K. O. Eyser; R. Fatemi; C. Gagliardi; M. Grosse-Perdekamp; John Lajoie; Zhongbo Kang; Yuri Kovchegov; John Koster; Itaru Nakagawa; Rodolfo Sassot; Ralf Seidl; Ernst Sichtermann; Marco Stratmann; Werner Vogelsang; Anselm Vossen; Scott W. Wissink; Feng Yuan

2013-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

240

Incident Energy Dependence of pt Correlations at RHIC  

SciTech Connect

We present results for two-particle transverse momentum correlations, ({Delta}p{sub t,i}{Delta}p{sub t,j}), as a function of event centrality for Au+Au collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 20, 62, 130, and 200 GeV at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. We observe correlations decreasing with centrality that are similar at all four incident energies. The correlations multiplied by the multiplicity density increase with incident energy and the centrality dependence may show evidence of processes such as thermalization, jet production, or the saturation of transverse flow. The square root of the correlations divided by the event-wise average transverse momentum per event shows little or no beam energy dependence and generally agrees with previous measurements at the Super Proton Synchrotron.

Adams, J.; Aggarwal, M.M.; Ahammed, Z.; Amonett, J.; Anderson,B.D.; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G.S.; Badyal, S.K.; Bai, Y.; Balewski,J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, L.S.; Baudot, J.; Bekele, S.; Belaga, V.V.; Bellwied, R.; Berger, J.; Bezverkhny, B.I.; Bharadwaj, S.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, A.K.; Bhatia, V.S.; Bichsel, H.; Billmeier, A.; Bland, L.C.; Blyth, C.O.; Bonner, B.E.; Botje, M.; Boucham, A.; Brandin, A.V.; Bravar,A.; Bystersky, M.; Cadman, R.V.; Cai, X.Z.; Caines, H.; Calderon de laBarca Sanchez, M.; Castillo, J.; Cebra, D.; Chajecki, Z.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, H.F.; Chen, Y.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Christie, W.; Coffin, J.P.; Cormier, T.M.; Cramer, J.G.; Crawford, H.J.; Das, D.; Das, S.; de Moura, M.M.; Derevschikov, A.A.; Didenko, L.; Dietel, T.; Dogra, S.M.; Dong, W.J.; Dong, X.; Draper, J.E.; Du, F.; Dubey, A.K.; Dunin, V.B.; Dunlop, J.C.; Dutta Mazumdar, M.R.; Eckardt, V.; Edwards, W.R.; Efimov, L.G.; Emelianov, V.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Estienne, M.; Fachini, P.; Faivre, J.; Fatemi,R.; Fedorisin, J.; Filimonov, K.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fine, V.; Fisyak,Y.; Fomenko, K.; Fu, J.; Gagliardi, C.A.; Gaillard, L.; Gans, J.; Ganti,M.S.; Gaudichet, L.; Geurts, F.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gonzalez,J.E.; Grachov, O.; Grebenyuk, O.; Grosnick, D.; Guertin, S.M.; Guo, Y.; Gupta, A.; Gutierrez, T.D.; Hallman, T.J.; Hamed, A.; Hardtke, D.; Harris, J.W.; Heinz, M.; Henry, T.W.; Hepplemann, S.; Hippolyte, B.; Hirsch, A.; Hjort, E.; Hoffmann, G.W.; Huang, H.Z.; Huang, S.L.; Hughes,E.W.; Humanic, T.J.; Igo, G.; Ishihara, A.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, W.W.; Janik, M.; Jiang, H.; Jones, P.G.; Judd, E.G.; Kabana, S.; Kang, K.; Kaplan, M.; Keane, D.; Khodyrev, V.Yu.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Kislov,E.M.; Klay, J.; Klein, S.R.; Koetke, D.D.; Kollegger, T.; Kopytine, M.; Kotchenda, L.; Kramer, M.; Kravtsov, P.; Kravtsov, V.I.; Krueger, K.; Kuhn, C.; Kulikov, A.I.; Kumar, A.; Kutuev, R.Kh.; et al.

2005-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Muon Collider Overview: Progress and Future Plans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NATIONAL LABORATORY Muon Collider Overview: Progress andCBP Note-263 BNL- 65627 Muon Collider Overview: Progress and9] 5 REFERENCES [1] Status of the Muon Collider Research and

Palmer, R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Particle acceleration in the colliding winds binary WR140  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Massive WR+O star systems produce high-temperature, shock-heated plasma where the wind of the WR star and that of its binary companion collide - the wind-collision region (WCR). The WCR is a source of thermal (e.g. hard X-rays) and non-thermal (e.g. synchrotron) emission, the latter arising from electrons and ions accelerated to relativistic energies. These colliding wind binaries provide an excellent laboratory for the study of particle acceleration at higher mass, photon and magnetic energy densities than exist in SNRs. Recent models of the non-thermal emission from WR 140 have provided insight into this process.

J. M. Pittard; S. M. Dougherty

2007-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

243

Muon Collider design status  

SciTech Connect

Muon Collider (MC) - proposed by G.I. Budker and A.N. Skrinsky a few decades ago - is now considered as the most exciting option for the energy frontier machine in the post-LHC era. A national Muon Accelerator Program (MAP) is being formed in the USA with the ultimate goal of building a MC at the Fermilab site with c.o.m. energy in the range 1.5-3 TeV and luminosity of {approx} 1.5 {center_dot} 10{sup 34} cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}. As the first step on the way to MC it envisages construction of a Neutrino Factory (NF) for high-precision neutrino experiments. The baseline scheme of the NF-MC complex is presented and possible options for its main components are discussed.

Alexahin, Y.; /Fermilab

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Fermilab | Muon Collider | How Does a Muon Collider Work?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A muon collider complex would comprise several machines and many different A muon collider complex would comprise several machines and many different components. Scientists across the world are developing and testing them. View full graphic How Does a Muon Collider Work? A muon collider complex would comprise several machines and many different components. Scientists across the world are developing and testing them. Proton accelerator To create lots of muons, scientists use a high-intensity proton accelerator that steers protons into a target. The collisions create short-lived particles called pions. Within 50 meters the pions decay into muons and neutral particles called neutrinos. The muons have an energy of about 200 MeV. Capture cavities Magnets guide the muons into and through a set of radiofrequency cavities. The electric field inside the cavities increases the energy of slow muons

245

Hadron collider physics at UCR  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the research work in high energy physics by the group at the University of California, Riverside. Work has been divided between hadron collider physics and e{sup +}-e{sup {minus}} collider physics, and theoretical work. The hadron effort has been heavily involved in the startup activities of the D-Zero detector, commissioning and ongoing redesign. The lepton collider work has included work on TPC/2{gamma} at PEP and the OPAL detector at LEP, as well as efforts on hadron machines.

Kernan, A.; Shen, B.C.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

[New technology for linear colliders  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the following topics on research of microwave amplifiers for linear colliders: Context in current microwave technology development; gated field emission for microwave cathodes; cathode fabrication and tests; microwave cathode design using field emitters; and microwave localization.

McIntyre, P.M.

1992-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

247

EIS-0138: Superconducting Super Collider  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy developed this EIS to analyze the potential environmental impacts of constructing the Superconducting Super Collider, a large proton accelerator, at each of seven alternative locations.

248

Stable massive particles at colliders  

SciTech Connect

We review the theoretical motivations and experimental status of searches for stable massive particles (SMPs) which could be sufficiently long-lived as to be directly detected at collider experiments. The discovery of such particles would address a number of important questions in modern physics including the origin and composition of dark matter in the universe and the unification of the fundamental forces. This review describes the techniques used in SMP-searches at collider experiments and the limits so far obtained on the production of SMPs which possess various colour, electric and magnetic charge quantum numbers. We also describe theoretical scenarios which predict SMPs, the phenomenology needed to model their production at colliders and interactions with matter. In addition, the interplay between collider searches and open questions in cosmology such as dark matter composition are addressed.

Fairbairn, M.; /Stockholm U.; Kraan, A.C.; /Pennsylvania U.; Milstead, D.A.; /Stockholm U.; Sjostrand, T.; /Lund U.; Skands, P.; /Fermilab; Sloan, T.; /Lancaster U.; ,

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

The viscosity of quark-gluon plasma at RHIC and the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The specific shear viscosity (eta/s)_QGP of quark-gluon plasma (QGP) can be extracted from elliptic flow data in heavy-ion collisions by comparing them with the dynamical model VISHNU which couples a viscous fluid dynamic description of the QGP with a microscopic kinetic description of the late hadronic rescattering and freeze-out stage. A robust method for fixing (eta/s)_QGP from the collision centrality dependence of the eccentricity-scaled charged hadron elliptic flow is presented. The systematic uncertainties associated with this extraction method are discussed, with specific attention to our presently restricted knowledge of initial conditions. With the (eta/s)_QGP extracted in this way, VISHNU yields an excellent description of all soft-hadron data from Au+Au collisions at top RHIC energy. Extrapolations to Pb+Pb collisions at the LHC, using both a purely hydrodynamic approach and VISHNU, are presented and compared with recent experimental results from the ALICE Collaboration. The LHC data are again well described by VISHNU, with the same (eta/s)_QGP value as at RHIC energies.

Ulrich W. Heinz; Chun Shen; Huichao Song

2011-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

250

Discover Brookhaven  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RHIC Serves as World's First & Only Collider RHIC Serves as World's First & Only Collider of Polarized Protons for 'Spin' Physics As the world's first and only collider of spin-polarized protons, the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider is being employed to investigate a fundamental question about an important particle and a universal property: What is responsible for the "spin," or intrinsic angular momentum, of the proton? While data from this spring's run are being analyzed, unexpected results from RHIC's first spin-physics run are generating great interest. by Marsha Belford FOR THE SECOND TIME SINCE ITS COMMISSIONING IN 2000 as the world's highest energy, heavy-ion collider, the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) took a break from colliding gold ions in the attempt to recreate the conditions of the early universe - to serve again as the world's first and only collider of spin-polarized protons.

251

Central collisions of heavy ions  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the activities of the Heavy Ion Physics Group at the University of California, Riverside from October 1, 1991 to September 30, 1992. During this period, the program focused on particle production at AGS energies, and correlation studies at the Bevalac in nucleus-nucleus central collisions. As part of the PHENIX collaboration, contributions were made to the Preliminary Conceptual Design Report (pCDR), and work on a RHIC silicon microstrip detector R D project was performed.

Fung, Sun-yiu.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Opportunities for Drell-Yan Physics at RHIC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proceedings Information for Proceedings Information for Speakers Accommodations Directions to Event Local Weather Visiting Brookhaven Disclaimer Event Date May 11-13, 2011 Event Location Brookhaven National Laboratory Physics Building Bldg 510 Large Seminar Room Upton, NY 11973 USA Directions Event Coordinator Susan Foster Bus: 631-344-5864 Fax: 631-344-2562 Email: sfoster@bnl.gov Opportunities for Drell-Yan Physics at RHIC Motivation Drell-Yan (DY) physics gives the unique opportunity to study the parton structure of nucleons in an experimentally and theoretically clean way. With the availability of polarized proton collisions and d+Au collisions RHIC provides a unique opportunity world wide to address several fundamental questions in QCD, i.e. parton saturation, universality of transverse momentum distributions. A DY program at RHIC is tied closely to

253

THE RHIC/AGS ONLINE MODEL ENVIRONMENT: DESIGN AND OVERVIEW.  

SciTech Connect

An integrated online modeling environment is currently under development for use by AGS and RHIC physicists and commissioners. This environment combines the modeling efforts of both groups in a CDEV [1] client-server design, providing access to expected machine optics and physics parameters based on live and design machine settings. An abstract modeling interface has been designed as a set of adapters [2] around core computational modeling engines such as MAD and UAL/Teapot++ [3]. This approach allows us to leverage existing survey, lattice, and magnet infrastructure, as well as easily incorporate new model engine developments. This paper describes the architecture of the RHIC/AGS modeling environment, including the application interface through CDEV and general tools for graphical interaction with the model using Tcl/Tk. Separate papers at this conference address the specifics of implementation and modeling experience for AGS and RHIC.

SATOGATA,T.; BROWN,K.; PILAT,F.; TAFTI,A.A.; TEPIKIAN,S.; VAN ZEIJTS,J.

1999-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

254

Heavy-ion collisions at the LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A new era in the study of high-energy nuclear collisions began when the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) provided the first collisions of lead nuclei in late 2010. In the first three years of operation the ALICE, ATLAS and CMS experiments each collected PbPbdata samples of more than 50 ? b ? 1 at s NN = 2.76 TeV , exceeding the previously studied collision energies by more than an order of magnitude. These data have provided new insights into the properties of QCD matter under extreme conditions, with extensive measurements of soft particle production and newly accessible hard probes of the hot and dense medium. In this review, we provide a comprehensive overview of the results obtained in heavy-ion collisions at the LHC so far, with particular emphasis on the complementary nature of the observations by the three experiments. In particular, the combination of ALICEs strengths at hadron identification, the strengths of ATLAS and CMS to make precise measurements of high p T probes, and the resourceful measurements of collective flow by all of the experiments have provided a rich and diverse dataset in only a few years. While the basic paradigm established at RHIC that of a hot, dense medium that flows with a viscosity to shear-entropy ratio near the predicted lower bound, and which degrades the energy of probes, such as jets, heavy-flavours and J / ? is confirmed at the LHC, the new data suggest many new avenues for extracting its properties in detail.

G. Roland; K. afa?k; P. Steinberg

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

System size and energy dependence of high pT hadron production measured with PHENIX experiment at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PHENIX has measured high transverse momentum (pT) identified hadrons in different collision species and energies in the last five RHIC runs. The systematic study of the high pT hadron production provides an idea on interaction of hard scattered partons and the matter created in relativistic heavy ion collision. The eta/pi0 ratio is measured in Au+Au collisions, which gives a hint on the system thermalization and particle production. A future measurement of hadron and photon measurement is discussed.

Takao Sakaguchi

2007-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

256

Selected Experimental Highlights from Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nucleus-nucleus collisions at RHIC produce high temperature and high energy density matter which exhibits partonic degrees of freedom. We will discuss measurements of nuclear modification factors for light hadrons and non-photonic electrons from heavy quark decays, which reflect the flavor dependence of energy loss of high momentum partons traversing the dense QCD medium. The hadronization of bulk partonic matter exhibits collectivity in effective partonic degrees of freedom. Nuclear collisions at RHIC provide an intriguing environment, where many constituent quark ingredients are readily available for possible formation of exotic particles through quark coalescences or recombinations.

Huan Z. Huang

2006-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

257

Chromatic analysis and possible local chromatic correction in RHIC  

SciTech Connect

In this article we will answer the following questions for the RHIC polarized proton (p-p) and Au-Au run lattices: (1) what are the sources of second order chromaticities? (2) what is the dependence of second order chromaticity on the on-momentum {beta}-beat? (3) what is the dependence of second order chromaticity on {beta}* at IP6 and IP8? To answer these questions, we use the perturbation theory to numerically calculate the contributions of each quadrupole and sextupole to the first, second, and third order chromaticities. Possible local methods to reduce chromatic effects in RHIC ring are shortly discussed.

Luo, Y.; Fischer, W.; Gu, X.; Trbojevic, D.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

258

An alternative model of jet suppression at RHIC energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a simple Glauber-type mechanism for suppression of jet production up to transverse momenta of about 10 GeV/c at RHIC. For processes in this kinematic region, the formation time is smaller than the interval between two successive hard partonic collisions and the subsequent collision influences the jet production. Number of jets then roughly scales with the number of participants. Proportionality to the number of binary collisions is recovered for very high transverse momenta. The model predicts suppression of jet production in d+Au collisions at RHIC.

Roman Lietava; Jan Pisut; Neva Pisutova; Boris Tomasik

2003-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

259

MEASURED TRANSVERSE COUPLING IMPEDANCE OF RHIC INJECTION AND ABORT KICKERS.  

SciTech Connect

Concerns regarding possible transverse instabilities in RHIC and the SNS pointed to the need for measurements of the transverse coupling impedance of ring components. The impedance of the RHIC injection and abort kicker was measured using the conventional method based on the S{sub 21} forward transmission coefficient. A commercial 450 {Omega} twin-wire Lecher line were used and the data was interpreted via the log-formula. All measurements, were performed in test stands fully representing operational conditions including pulsed power supplies and connecting cables. The measured values for the transverse coupling impedance in kick direction and perpendicular to it are comparable in magnitude, but differ from Handbook predictions.

HAHN,H.; DAVINO,D.

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

260

Cold matter effects and quarkonium production at RHIC and LHC  

SciTech Connect

In this work we investigate two cold matter effects in J/{Psi} and {Upsilon} production in nuclear collisions at RHIC and LHC, namely the shadowing effect and nuclear absorption. We characterize these effects by estimating the rapidity dependence of some nuclear ratios in pA and AA collisions at RHIC and LHC, R{sub pA} = d{sigma}{sub pA}(J/{Psi},{Upsilon})/Ad{sigma}{sub pp}(J/{Psi},{Upsilon}) and R{sub AA} = d{sigma}{sub AA}(J/{Psi},{Upsilon})/A{sup 2}d{sigma}{sub pp}(J/{Psi},{Upsilon}).

Dos Santos, G. S.; Mariotto, C. B. [Instituto de Matematica, Estatistica e Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Caixa Postal 474, CEP 96203-900, Rio Grande, RS (Brazil); Goncalves, V. P. [Instituto de Fisica e Matematica, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Caixa Postal 354, CEP 96010-090, Pelotas, RS (Brazil)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Bulk viscosity-driven suppression of shear viscosity effects on the flow harmonics at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The interplay between shear and bulk viscosities on the flow harmonics, $v_n$'s, at RHIC is investigated using the newly developed relativistic 2+1 hydrodynamical code v-USPhydro that includes bulk and shear viscosity effects both in the hydrodynamic evolution and also at freeze-out. While shear viscosity is known to attenuate the flow harmonics, we find that the inclusion of bulk viscosity decreases the shear viscosity-induced suppression of the flow harmonics bringing them closer to their values in ideal hydrodynamical calculations. Depending on the value of the bulk viscosity to entropy density ratio, $\\zeta/s$, in the quark-gluon plasma, the bulk viscosity-driven suppression of shear viscosity effects on the flow harmonics may require a re-evaluation of the previous estimates of the shear viscosity to entropy density ratio, $\\eta/s$, of the quark-gluon plasma previously extracted by comparing hydrodynamic calculations to heavy ion data.

J. Noronha-Hostler; J. Noronha; F. Grassi

2014-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

262

Hard and soft probe - medium interactions in a 3D hydro+micro approach at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We utilize a 3D hybrid hydro+micro model for a comprehensive and consistent description of soft and hard particle production in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions at RHIC. In the soft sector we focus on the dynamics of (multi-)strange baryons, where a clear strangeness dependence of their collision rates and freeze-out is observed. In the hard sector we study the radiative energy loss of hard partons in a soft medium in the multiple soft scattering approximation. While the nuclear suppression factor $R_{AA}$ does not reflect the high quality of the medium description (except in a reduced systematic uncertainty in extracting the quenching power of the medium), the hydrodynamical model also allows to study different centralities and in particular the angular variation of $R_{AA}$ with respect to the reaction plane, allowing for a controlled variation of the in-medium path-length.

Bass, S A; Ruppert, J; Nonaka, C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Energy and System Size Dependence of Strangeness Production from SPS to RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strange particle production is an important experimental observable that allows the study of the strongly interacting matter created in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. The STAR experiment at RHIC has a unique capability of measuring identified strange particles over a wide range of acceptance providing a rich set of data to perform a systematic study. In addition to the data from Au+Au collisions, strange particles from p+p and d+Au collisions are also available for comparison and normalization. A new set of data from Cu+Cu reactions at 62 GeV and 200 GeV provides the chance to compare the system size dependence observed in Au+Au collisions with this smaller system size. In addition to the comparison of the yields, a statistical thermal model was used to extract freeze-out characteristics for the different system sizes and collision energies.

Jun Takahashi; for the STAR collaboration

2007-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

264

Hadron Production in Heavy Ion Collisions  

SciTech Connect

Heavy ion collisions are an ideal tool to explore the QCD phase diagram. The goal is to study the equation of state (EOS) and to search for possible in-medium modifications of hadrons. By varying the collision energy a variety of regimes with their specific physics interest can be studied. At energies of a few GeV per nucleon, the regime where experiments were performed first at the Berkeley Bevalac and later at the Schwer-Ionen-Synchrotron (SIS) at GSI in Darmstadt, we study the equation of state of dense nuclear matter and try to identify in-medium modifications of hadrons. Towards higher energies, the regime of the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) at the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), the Super-Proton Synchrotron (SPS) at CERN, and the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at BNL, we expect to produce a new state of matter, the Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP). The physics goal is to identify the QGP and to study its properties. By varying the energy, different forms of matter are produced. At low energies we study dense nuclear matter, similar to the type of matter neutron stars are made of. As the energy is increased the main constituents of the matter will change. Baryon excitations will become more prevalent (resonance matter). Eventually we produce deconfined partonic matter that is thought to be in the core of neutron stars and that existed in the early universe. At low energies a great variety of collective effects is observed and a rather good understanding of the particle production has been achieved, especially that of the most abundantly produced pions and kaons. Many observations can be interpreted as time-ordered emission of various particle species. It is possible to determine, albeit model dependent, the equation of state of nuclear matter. We also have seen indications, that the kaon mass, especially the mass of the K{sup +}, might be modified by the medium created in heavy ion collisions. At AGS energies and above, emphasis shifts towards different aspects. Lattice QCD calculations predict the transition between a Quark-Gluon Plasma and a hadronic state at a critical temperature, T{sub c}, of about 150 to 190 MeV at vanishing baryon density. The energy density at the transition point is about 1:0 GeV/fm{sup 3}. It is generally assumed that chiral symmetry restoration happens simultaneously. In the high-energy regime, especially at RHIC, a rich field of phenomena [3] has revealed itself. Hot and dense matter with very strong collectivity has been created. There are indications that collectivity develops at the parton level, i.e. at a very early stage of the collision, when the constituents are partons rather than hadrons. Signs of pressure driven collective effects are our main tool for the study of the EOS. There are also strong indications that in the presence of a medium hadronization occurs through the process of quark coalescence and not through quark fragmentation, the process dominant for high-energy p+p reactions. We limit this report to the study of hadrons emitted in heavy ion reactions. The report is divided into two parts. The first part describes the phenomena observed from hadrons produced at low energies, whereas the second part concentrates on the search for signs of a partonic state at high energies.

Ritter, Hans Georg; Xu, Nu

2009-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

265

Challenges in future linear colliders  

SciTech Connect

For decades, electron-positron colliders have been complementing proton-proton colliders. But the circular LEP, the largest e-e+ collider, represented an energy limit beyond which energy losses to synchrotron radiation necessitate moving to e-e+ linear colliders (LCs), thereby raising new challenges for accelerator builders. Japanese-American, German, and European collaborations have presented options for the Future Linear Collider (FLC). Key accelerator issues for any FLC option are the achievement of high enough energy and luminosity. Damping rings, taking advantage of the phenomenon of synchrotron radiation, have been developed as the means for decreasing beam size, which is crucial for ensuring a sufficiently high rate of particle-particle collisions. Related challenges are alignment and stability in an environment where even minute ground motion can disrupt performance, and the ability to monitor beam size. The technical challenges exist within a wider context of socioeconomic and political challenges, likely necessitating continued development of international collaboration among parties involved in accelerator-based physics.

Swapan Chattopadhyay; Kaoru Yokoya

2002-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

266

Linear Collider Collaboration Tech Notes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6, 27/05/99 6, 27/05/99 Tolerances of Random RF Jitters in X-Band Main Linacs May 27, 1999 Kiyoshi KUBO KEK Tsukuba, Japan Abstract: Tracking simulations have been performed for the main linacs of an X-band linear collider. We discuss the choice of phase of the accelerating field relative to the bunches. The tolerances of the phase and the amplitude errors are studied. Tolerances of Random RF Jitters in X-Band Main Linacs K. Kubo, KEK Abstract Tracking simulations have been performed for main linacs of X-band linear collider. We discuss about choice of the phase of the accelerating field relative to the bunches. The tolerances of the phase and the amplitude errors are studied. 1 INTRODUCTION In order to preserve the low emittance through the main linacs of future linear colliders, various effects

267

BEAM-BASED MEASUREMENTS OF PERSISTENT CURRENT DECAY IN RHIC.  

SciTech Connect

The two RHIC rings are equipped with superconducting dipole magnets. At injection, induced persistent currents in these magnets lead to a sextupole component. As the persistent currents decay with time, the horizontal and vertical chromaticities change. From magnet measurements of persistent current decays, chromaticity changes in the machine are estimated and compared with chromaticity measurements.

FISCHER,W.; JAIN,A.; TEPIKIAN,S.

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

268

Critical Issues and MUON Colliders - A Summary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prospects for a High Energy Muon Collider Based On Electro-and understanding of high energy muon colliders, associatedyield of muons per electron, even at the optimum energy of

Chattopadhyay, S.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Muon Colliders: The Next Frontier  

SciTech Connect

Muon Colliders provide a path to the energy frontier in particle physics but have been regarded to be "at least 20 years away" for 20 years. I will review recent progress in design studies and hardware R&D and show that a Muon Collider can be established as a real option for the post-LHC era if the current vigorous R&D effort revitalized by the Muon Collider Task Force at Fermilab can be supported to its conclusion. All critical technologies are being addressed and no show-stoppers have emerged. Detector backgrounds have been studied in detail and appear to be manageable and the physics can be done with existing detector technology. A muon facility can be built through a staged scenario starting from a low-energy muon source with unprecedented intensity for exquisite reach for rare processes, followed by a Neutrino Factory with ultrapure neutrino beams with unparalleled sensitivity for disentangling neutrino mixing, leading to an energy frontier Muon Collider with excellent energy resolution.

Yagmur Tourun

2009-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

270

Exotic hadrons at hadron colliders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this proceeding, an overview of the recent progress of the exotic hadrons studies at hadron colliders is presented, including the experimental measurement results from CMS, LHCb, CDF and D0. The talk covers the physics properties study of X(3872); the search for Y(4140) state etc; the recent result of Z(4430); and also the extended study to bottomonium sector.

Ye Chen

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Muon Colliders: The Next Frontier  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Muon Colliders provide a path to the energy frontier in particle physics but have been regarded to be "at least 20 years away" for 20 years. I will review recent progress in design studies and hardware R&D and show that a Muon Collider can be established as a real option for the post-LHC era if the current vigorous R&D effort revitalized by the Muon Collider Task Force at Fermilab can be supported to its conclusion. All critical technologies are being addressed and no show-stoppers have emerged. Detector backgrounds have been studied in detail and appear to be manageable and the physics can be done with existing detector technology. A muon facility can be built through a staged scenario starting from a low-energy muon source with unprecedented intensity for exquisite reach for rare processes, followed by a Neutrino Factory with ultrapure neutrino beams with unparalleled sensitivity for disentangling neutrino mixing, leading to an energy frontier Muon Collider with excellent energy resolution.

Yagmur Tourun

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

272

From Neutrino Factory to Muon Collider  

SciTech Connect

Both Muon Colliders and Neutrino Factories require a muon source capable of producing and capturing {Omicron}(10{sup 21}) muons/year. This paper reviews the similarities and differences between Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider accelerator complexes, the ongoing R&D needed for a Muon Collider that goes beyond Neutrino Factory R&D, and some thoughts about how a Neutrino Factory on the CERN site might eventually be upgraded to a Muon Collider.

Geer, S.; /Fermilab

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Muon Collider Physics at Very High Energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Muon colliders might greatly extend the energy frontier of collider physics. One can contemplate circular colliders with center-of-mass energies in excess of 10 TeV. Some physics issues that might be relevant at such a machine are discussed.

M. S. Berger

2000-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

274

Test results of a combined distributed ion pump/non-evaporable getter pump design developed as a proposed alternative pumping system for the PEP-II asymmetric B-Factory collider  

SciTech Connect

The authors have built and tested an all-in-one combination plate-type distributed ion pump/non-evaporable getter pump design (DIP/NEG) considered as a proposed alternative pumping system for the PEP-II B-Factory High Energy Ring (HER). The DIP portion of the design used a Penning cell hole size of 12 mm in a mostly uniform magnetic field of 0.18 T. The NEG portion of the design used commercially available non-evaporable getter material type St-707{trademark}. A detailed description of the design is presented along with results of pumping speed measurements.

Holdener, F.; Behne, D.; Hathaway, D. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)] [and others

1995-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

275

Conventional power sources for colliders  

SciTech Connect

At SLAC we are developing high peak-power klystrons to explore the limits of use of conventional power sources in future linear colliders. In an experimental tube we have achieved 150 MW at 1 ..mu..sec pulse width at 2856 MHz. In production tubes for SLAC Linear Collider (SLC) we routinely achieve 67 MW at 3.5 ..mu..sec pulse width and 180 pps. Over 200 of the klystrons are in routine operation in SLC. An experimental klystron at 8.568 GHz is presently under construction with a design objective of 30 MW at 1 ..mu..sec. A program is starting on the relativistic klystron whose performance will be analyzed in the exploration of the limits of klystrons at very short pulse widths.

Allen, M.A.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

PERFORMANCE SUMMARY OF THE HELICAL MAGNETS FOR RHIC*  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

submitted at The Particle Accelerator Conference, Portland,OR, May 12-16, 2003 submitted at The Particle Accelerator Conference, Portland,OR, May 12-16, 2003 BNL-71398-2003-CP PERFORMANCE SUMMARY OF THE HELICAL MAGNETS FOR RHIC* E. Willen, M. Anerella, J. Escallier, G. Ganetis, A. Ghosh, R. Gupta, M. Harrison, A. Jain, W. MacKay, A. Marone, J. Muratore, S. Plate, R. Thomas, P. Wanderer and KC Wu, BNL, Upton, NY 11973, USA M. Okamura, RIKEN, Japan Abstract A series of four Snake and eight Rotator superconducting helical magnet assemblies has been built and installed in RHIC to control the polarization of protons during acceleration and storage in that machine. Each of these assemblies consists of four 2.4 m long dipole magnets in each of which the field rotates through 360 degrees along the magnet's length. The magnets were

277

QCD hydrodynamics for LHC and RHIC  

SciTech Connect

The realistic and detailed description of an energetic heavy ion reaction requires a Multi Module Model, where the different stages of the reaction are each described with a suitable theoretical approach. One fluid dynamical models provide an adequate and accurate description of the middle stages of the reaction. In addition, fluid dynamical calculations require initial and freeze out conditions. In this work we concentrate on the modeling of the initial stages of the reaction, before the local thermal equilibrium is achieved, and on the freeze out process. We discuss the possibility of the fast simultaneous hadronization and chemical freeze out of supercooled QGP, as a possible solution of the HBT 'puzzle'.

Csernai, L. P. (Lszl P.); Gorenste?n, M. I. (Mark Isaakovich); Magas, V. K.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

A STATE VARIABLE DESCRIPTION OF THE RHIC RF CONTROL LOOPS.  

SciTech Connect

The beam transfer function changes during the RHIC ramp. The response of the RF control loops changes as a result. A state-variable description of the beam and the RF control loops was developed. This description was used to generate a set of feedback matrices that keeps the response of the RF control loops constant during the ramp. This paper describes the state-variable description and its use in determining the K matrices.

SCHULTHEISS,C.; BRENNAN,J.M.

2002-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

279

NON-LINEAR MODELING OF THE RHIC INTERACTION REGIONS.  

SciTech Connect

For RHIC's collision lattices the dominant sources of transverse non-linearities are located in the interaction regions. The field quality is available for most of the magnets in the interaction regions from the magnetic measurements, or from extrapolations of these measurements. We discuss the implementation of these measurements in the MADX models of the Blue and the Yellow rings and their impact on beam stability.

TOMAS,R.FISCHER,W.JAIN,A.LUO,Y.PILAT,F.

2004-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

280

An approximately 4. pi. tracking magnetic spectrometer for RHIC  

SciTech Connect

A tracking magnetic spectrometer based on large Time Projection Chambers (TPC) is proposed to measure the momentum of charged particles emerging from the RHIC beam pipe at angles larger than four degrees and to identify the particle type for those beyond fifteen degrees with momenta up to 700 MeV/c, which is a large fraction of the final charged particles emitted by a low rapidity quark-gluon plasma.

Not Available

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

423rd Brookhaven Lecture  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Among other things, scientists at BNL's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) are studying a fundamental question of particle physics: What is responsible for proton "spin"? Physicist Mei Bai discusses this topic at the 423rd Brookhaven Lecture, "RHIC: The Worlds First High-Energy, Polarized-Proton Collider."

Mei Bai

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Recent RHIC in-situ coating technology developments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To rectify the problems of electron clouds observed in RHIC and unacceptable ohmic heating for superconducting magnets that can limit future machine upgrades, we started developing a robotic plasma deposition technique for $in-situ$ coating of the RHIC 316LN stainless steel cold bore tubes based on staged magnetrons mounted on a mobile mole for deposition of Cu followed by amorphous carbon (a-C) coating. The Cu coating reduces wall resistivity, while a-C has low SEY that suppresses electron cloud formation. Recent RF resistivity computations indicate that 10 {\\mu}m of Cu coating thickness is needed. But, Cu coatings thicker than 2 {\\mu}m can have grain structures that might have lower SEY like gold black. A 15-cm Cu cathode magnetron was designed and fabricated, after which, 30 cm long samples of RHIC cold bore tubes were coated with various OFHC copper thicknesses; room temperature RF resistivity measured. Rectangular stainless steel and SS discs were Cu coated. SEY of rectangular samples were measured at ro...

Hershcovitch, A; Brennan, J M; Chawla, A; Fischer, W; Liaw, C-J; Meng, W; Todd, R; Custer, A; Erickson, M; Jamshidi, N; Kobrin, P; Laping, R; Poole, H J; Jimenez, J M; Neupert, H; Taborelli, M; Yin-Vallgren, C; Sochugov, N

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Open standards for cascade models for RHIC: Volume 1. Proceedings of RIKEN BNL Research Center workshop  

SciTech Connect

It is widely recognized that cascade models are potentially effective and powerful tools for interpreting and predicting multi-particle observables in heavy ion physics. However, the lack of common standards, documentation, version control, and accessibility have made it difficult to apply objective scientific criteria for evaluating the many physical and algorithmic assumptions or even to reproduce some published results. The first RIKEN Research Center workshop was proposed by Yang Pang to address this problem by establishing open standards for original codes for applications to nuclear collisions at RHIC energies. The aim of this first workshop is: (1) to prepare a WWW depository site for original source codes and detailed documentation with examples; (2) to develop and perform standardized test for the models such as Lorentz invariance, kinetic theory comparisons, and thermodynamic simulations; (3) to publish a compilation of results of the above work in a journal e.g., ``Heavy Ion Physics``; and (4) to establish a policy statement on a set of minimal requirements for inclusion in the OSCAR-WWW depository.

NONE

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Constraining scenarios of the soft/hard transition for the pion electromagnetic form factor with expected data of 12-GeV Jefferson Lab experiments and of the Electron-Ion Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been shown previously [PRD 88 (2013) 093005, arXiv:1310.1770] that a non-perturbative relativistic constituent-quark model for the $\\pi$-meson electromagnetic form factor allows for a quantitative description of the soft/hard transition, resulting in the correct Quantum-Chromodynamical asymptotics, including normalization, from the low-energy data without further parameter tuning. This happens universally whenever the constituent-quark mass is switched off. The energy range where the transition happens is therefore determined by the quark-mass running at intermediate energies and is not tightly constrained theoretically. Here we consider possible ways to pin down this energy range with coming experimental data. We demonstrate that expected experimental uncertainties of the 12-GeV Jefferson-Lab data are larger than the span of predictions of the model, so these data might be used for testing the model but not for determination of the soft/hard transition scale. Contrary, the projected Electron-Ion Colli...

Troitsky, S V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Elliptic and triangular flow anisotropy in deuteron-gold collisions at sNN=200 GeV at RHIC and in proton-lead collisions at sNN=5.02 TeV at the LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study elliptic and triangular flow in the collisions of deuteron-gold nuclei at sNN=200GeV at RHIC and of proton-lead nuclei at sNN=5.02TeV at the LHC, utilizing (3+1)-dimensional ideal hydrodynamics for the dynamic evolution of the fireball and a Monte Carlo Glauber based energy deposition model for simulating the fluctuating initial conditions. Sizable values of elliptic and triangular flow are obtained for both colliding systems, and the results are consistent with PHENIX, ALICE, ATLAS, and CMS measurements. For these studied centralities, we find that the elliptic flow in proton-lead collisions is smaller than deuteron-gold collisions, while the triangular flows are comparable in both colliding systems. Our results indicate that the observed collective anisotropic flow in deuteron-gold and proton-lead collisions may be obtained from relativistic hydrodynamic evolution of the fireball with initial-state fluctuations.

Guang-You Qin and Berndt Mller

2014-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

286

Emission characteristics and dynamics of the stagnation layer in colliding laser produced plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Emission characteristics and dynamics of the stagnation layer in colliding laser produced plasmas P been investigated using time and space resolved optical emission spectroscopies and spectrally and angularly resolved fast imaging. The emission results highlight a difference in neutral atom and ion

Harilal, S. S.

287

Recent results on event-by-event fluctuations from the RHIC Beam Energy Scan program in the STAR experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Event-by-event fluctuations of global observables in relativistic heavy-ion collisions are studied as probes for the QCD phase transition and as tools to search for critical phenomena near the phase boundary. Dynamical fluctuations in mean transverse momentum, identified particle ratios and conserved quantities (such as net-charge, net-baryon) are expected to provide signatures of a de-confined state of matter. Non-monotonic behavior in the higher-moments of conserved quantities as a function of beam energy and collision centrality are proposed as signatures of the QCD critical point. To study the QCD phase transition and locate the critical point, the STAR experiment at RHIC has collected a large amount of data for Au+Au collisions from $\\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 7.7-200$~GeV in the RHIC Beam Energy Scan (BES) program. We present the recent beam energy scan results on dynamical fluctuations of particle ratios and two-particle transverse momentum correlations at mid-rapidity. Higher-moments of the net-charge and net-pr...

Sahoo, Nihar Ranjan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Recent results on event-by-event fluctuations from the RHIC Beam Energy Scan program in the STAR experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Event-by-event fluctuations of global observables in relativistic heavy-ion collisions are studied as probes for the QCD phase transition and as tools to search for critical phenomena near the phase boundary. Dynamical fluctuations in mean transverse momentum, identified particle ratios and conserved quantities (such as net-charge, net-baryon) are expected to provide signatures of a de-confined state of matter. Non-monotonic behavior in the higher-moments of conserved quantities as a function of beam energy and collision centrality are proposed as signatures of the QCD critical point. To study the QCD phase transition and locate the critical point, the STAR experiment at RHIC has collected a large amount of data for Au+Au collisions from $\\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 7.7-200$~GeV in the RHIC Beam Energy Scan (BES) program. We present the recent beam energy scan results on dynamical fluctuations of particle ratios and two-particle transverse momentum correlations at mid-rapidity. Higher-moments of the net-charge and net-proton multiplicity distributions as a function of beam energy will be presented. We give a summary of what has been learnt so far and future prospectives for the BES-II program.

Nihar Ranjan Sahoo

2014-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

289

International Workshop on Linear Colliders 2010  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

IWLC2010 International Workshop on Linear Colliders 2010ECFA-CLIC-ILC joint meeting: Monday 18 October - Friday 22 October 2010Venue: CERN and CICG (International Conference Centre Geneva, Switzerland)This year, the International Workshop on Linear Colliders organized by the European Committee for Future Accelerators (ECFA) will study the physics, detectors and accelerator complex of a linear collider covering both CLIC and ILC options.Contact Workshop SecretariatIWLC2010 is hostedby CERN

None

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

290

Simulation of jets at colliders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We review the development of the physics behind event generators during the last decade. After a more general description of parton showers, we focus mostly on the perturbative side of the simulations. Two newer developments of parton showers, as implemented in herwig++, are described in greater detail. Matching and merging of parton showers with fixed order computations are discussed. We describe some developments of multiple partonic interactions which are relevant for the simulation of jets from the underlying event, where the implementation in herwig++ is again taken as a generic example. Finally, we compare some event generator results to collider data from LEP and the LHC.

Stefan Gieseke

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Twistor Spinoffs for Collider Physics  

SciTech Connect

Finding the adding up of Feynman diagrams tedious? Hidden symmetries found in the sums of diagrams suggest there is a better way to predict the results of particle collisions - in the past two years, spin-offs of a new theory, known as the Twistor String Theory, have led to the development of efficient alternatives to Feynman diagrams which can be useful for work at the Tevatron, the LHC and for future research at the International Linear Collider. Come see what this 'twistor' is all about!

Dixon, Lance

2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

292

Subcritical Fission Reactor Based on Linear Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The beams of Linear Collider after main collision can be utilized to build an accelerator--driven sub--critical reactor.

I. F. Ginzburg

2005-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

293

Probing Higgs Boson Interactions At Future Colliders.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??We present in this thesis a detailed analysis of Higgs boson interactions at future colliders. In particular we examine, in a model independent way, the (more)

Biswal, Sudhansu Sekhar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

POLARIZED HYDROGEN JET TARGET FOR MEASUREMENT OF RHIC PROTON BEAM POLARIZATION.  

SciTech Connect

The performance and unique features of the RHIC polarized jet target and our solutions to the important design constraints imposed on the jet by the RHIC environment are described. The target polarization and thickness were measured to be 0.924 {+-} 2% and 1.3 {+-} 0.2 x 10{sup 12} atoms/cm{sup 2} respectively.

MAKDISI,Y.; WISE,T.; CHAPMAN,M.; GRAHAM,D.; KPONOU,A.; MAHLER,G.; MENG,W.; NASS,A.; RITTER,J.

2005-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

295

Fluctuations of Conserved Quantities in High Energy Nuclear Collisions at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluctuations of conserved quantities in heavy-ion collisions are used to probe the phase transition and the QCD critical point for the strongly interacting hot and dense nuclear matter. The STAR experiment has carried out moment analysis of net-proton (proxy for net-baryon (B)), net-kaon (proxy for net-strangeness (S)), and net-charge (Q). These measurements are important for understanding the quantum chromodynamics phase diagram. We present the analysis techniques used in the moment analysis by the STAR experiment and discuss the moments of net-proton and net-charge distributions from the first phase of the Beam Energy Scan program at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider.

Luo, Xiaofeng

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Central collisions of heavy ions. Progress report, October 1, 1990--September 31, 1991  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the activities of the Heavy Ion Physics Group at the University of California, Riverside from October 1, 1990 to September 30, 1991. During this period, our program focuses on particle production at AGS energies, and correlation studies at the Bevalac in nucleus central collisions. We participated in the preparation of letters of intent for two RHIC experiments -- the OASIS proposal and the Di-Muon proposal -- and worked on two RHIC R&D efforts -- a silicon strip detector project and a muon-identifier project. A small fraction of time was also devoted to physics programs outside the realm of heavy ion reactions by several individuals.

Fung, Sun-yiu

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

The Next Linear Collider Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

To use the left side navigation on this page, you will need to turn on To use the left side navigation on this page, you will need to turn on Javascript. You do not need JavaScript to use the text-based navigation bar at the bottom of the page. The Next Linear Collider at SLAC Navbar MISSION: Scientists expect research at this facility to answer fundamental questions about the behavior of matter and the origins of the Universe. NLC 8-Pack on the Drawing Board What's New In the Next Linear Collider: • NLC Newsletter October, 2001 • NLC Snowmass report 2001 • NLC All Hands Talk, August 2001 Upcoming Events: • Fall 2001 Working Sessions, Oct. 22-23, 2001 • Pulse Compression Workshop, Oct. 22-24, 2001 • Machine Advisory Committee Mtg., Oct. 24-26, 2001 • ISG-7 at KEK, Nov. 12-15, 2001 • LC' 02 at SLAC, Feb. 4-8, 2002 NLC Website Search: Entire SLAC Web | Help |

298

Hadron colliders (SSC/LHC)  

SciTech Connect

The nominal SSC and LHC designs should operate conservatively at luminosities up to 10{sup 33} cm{sup {minus}2} s{sup {minus}1}. This luminosity is dictated by the event rates that can be handled by the detectors. However, this limit is event dependent (e.g. it does not take much of a detector to detect the event pp {yields} elephant; all one needs is extremely high luminosity). As such, it is useful to explore the possibility of going beyond the 10{sup 33} cm{sup {minus}2} s{sup {minus}1} level. Such exploration will also improve the accelerator physics understanding of pp collider designs. If the detector limitations are removed, the first accelerator limits occur when the luminosity is at the level of 10{sup 34} cm{sup {minus}2}s{sup {minus}1}. These accelerator limits will first be reviewed. The authors will then continue on to explore even higher luminosity as the ultimate limit of pp colliders. Accelerator technologies needed to achieve this ultimate luminosity as well as the R and D needed to reach it are discussed.

Chao, A.W. [Superconducting Super Collider Lab., Dallas, TX (United States); Palmer, R.B. [Superconducting Super Collider Lab., Dallas, TX (United States); [Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, CA (United States); Evans, L.; Gareyte, J. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Siemann, R.H. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

299

Physics Program with Tagged Forward Protons at STAR/RHIC  

SciTech Connect

A new effort to explore the diffractive regime in polarized p+p collisions in a broad high energy range ( ?(s) = 200 - 500 GeV) has been initiated with the STAR detector at RHIC. Staged implementation of multiple Roman Pot stations for tagging the forward proton in the diffractive processes will enable searches for the centrally produced for the possible gluon bound state via double Pomeron exchange process and the theoretically expected Odderon state in QCD by studying spin-dependent elastic scattering in a wide t-range with polarized p+p.

Lee, J.H.; for the STAR Collaboration

2009-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

300

Research and Development of Future Muon Collider  

SciTech Connect

Muon collider is a considerable candidate of the next generation high-energy lepton collider machine. A novel accelerator technology must be developed to overcome several intrinsic issues of muon acceleration. Recent research and development of critical beam elements for a muon accelerator, especially muon beam phase space ionization cooling channel, are reviewed in this paper.

Yonehara, K.; /Fermilab

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The Large Hadron Collider - At Discover's Horizon | Online Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Hadron Collider The Large Hadron Collider The U.S. at the Large Hadron Collider LHC: The Guide Theories tested LHC Experiments The ATLAS Experiment The CMS Experiment The...

302

The U.S. Depar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4/11) 4/11) The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is designed to study matter as it existed fractions of a second after the birth of the universe - as a plasma of quarks and gluons, the fundamental components of matter. At RHIC, physicists accelerate and collide heavy ions (atoms of heavy elements stripped of their electrons) at high energies to mimic the hot, dense conditions of the early universe (250,000 times hotter than the center of the sun). Surprisingly, the data have revealed quark-gluon matter that behaves as a nearly-perfect liquid, rather than the predicted gas. RHIC physicists also accelerate and collide polarized protons to explore the mysterious internal

303

Transverse energy measurement in sqrt{s_{NN}} = 62.4 GeV Au+Au collisions at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transverse energy distributions ($E_{T}$) have been measured for Au + Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 62.4$ GeV by the STAR experiment at RHIC. They have been obtained from two measurements, the hadronic transverse energy ($E_{T}^{had}$) and the electromagnetic transverse energy($E_{T}^{em}$). $E_{T}^{had}$ has been measured from the tracks obtained by Time Projection Chamber (TPC) excluding the electrons and positrons. $E_{T}^{em}$ has been obtained by the STAR Barrel Electromagetic Calorimeter (BEMC) which measures the energy of electrons, positrons and photons. The measure of transverse energy gives an estimate of the energy density of the fireball produced in heavy ion collisions. $E_{T}$ per participant pair gives information about the production mechanism of particles.

Raghunath Sahoo; Subhasis Chattopadhaya; Alexandre A. P. Suaide; Marcia Maria de Moura; D. P. Mahapatra

2005-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

304

GPU-optimized Code for Long-term Simulations of Beam-beam Effects in Colliders  

SciTech Connect

We report on the development of the new code for long-term simulation of beam-beam effects in particle colliders. The underlying physical model relies on a matrix-based arbitrary-order symplectic particle tracking for beam transport and the Bassetti-Erskine approximation for beam-beam interaction. The computations are accelerated through a parallel implementation on a hybrid GPU/CPU platform. With the new code, a previously computationally prohibitive long-term simulations become tractable. We use the new code to model the proposed medium-energy electron-ion collider (MEIC) at Jefferson Lab.

Roblin, Yves [JLAB; Morozov, Vasiliy [JLAB; Terzic, Balsa [JLAB; Aturban, Mohamed A. [Old Dominion University; Ranjan, D. [Old Dominion University; Zubair, Mohammed [Old Dominion University

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Linear Collider Collaboration Tech Notes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NLC Home Page NLC Technical SLAC The LCC Tech Note series was started in July 1998 to document the JLC/NLC collaborative design effort. The notes are numbered sequentially and may also be given a SLAC, FNAL, LBNL, LLNL and/or KEK publication number. The LCC notes will be distributed through the Web in electronic form as PDF files -- the authors are responsible for keeping the original documents. Other document series are the NLC Notes that were started for the SLAC ZDR, the KEK ATF Notes, and at some future time there should be a series of Technical (NLD) Notes to document work on detector studies for the next-generation linear collider. LCC-0001 "Memorandum of Understanding between KEK and SLAC," 2/98. LCC-0002 "Transparencies and Summaries from the 1st ISG meeting: January 1998," G. Loew, ed., 2/98.

306

Instability of colliding metastable strings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The breaking of $U(1)_R$ symmetry plays a crucial role in modeling the breaking of supersymmetry (SUSY). In the models that possess both SUSY preserving and SUSY breaking vacua, tube-like cosmic strings called R-tubes, whose surfaces are constituted by domain walls interpolating a false and a true vacuum with some winding numbers, can exist. Their (in)stability can strongly constrain SUSY breaking models theirselves. In the present study, we investigate the dynamical (in)stability of two colliding metastable tube-like strings by field-theoretic simulations. From them, we find that the strings become unstable, depending on the relative collision angle and speed of two strings, and the false vacuum is eventually filled out by the true vacuum owing to rapid expansion of the strings or unstable bubbles created as remnants of the collision.

Takashi Hiramatsu; Minoru Eto; Kohei Kamada; Tatsuo Kobayashi; Yutaka Ookouchi

2013-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

307

MEASUREMENTS OF INTRA-BEAM SCATTERING GROWTH TIMES WITH GOLD BEAM BELOW TRANSITION IN RHIC.  

SciTech Connect

While RHIC is filled with beam, bunches are stored for up to several minutes at the injection energy before acceleration starts. In gold operation, the RHIC injection energy is below transition. A bunch length increase, and correspondingly an increase in the longitudinal emittance, can lead to particle loss during transition crossing and rebucketing into the storage buckets. The longitudinal growth of gold beams in RHIC at injection is dominated by intra-beam scattering. Measurements of longitudinal growth times are presented and compared with computations.

FISCHER,W.; BAI,M.; BLASKIEWICZ,M.; BRENNAN,J.M.; CAMERON,P.; CONNOLLY,R.; LEHRACH,A.; PARZEN,G.; TEPIKIAN,S.; ZENO,K.; VAN ZEIJTS,J.

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

308

The Large Hadron Electron Collider Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Conceptual Design Report (CDR) for the Large Hadron Electron Collider, the LHeC, is being prepared, to which an introduction was given for the plenary panel discussion on the future of deep inelastic scattering held at DIS09. This is briefly summarised here. The CDR will comprise designs of the ep/eA collider, based on ring and linear electron accelerators, of the interaction region, designed for simultaneous $ep$ and $pp$ operation, of a new, modular detector, and it will present basics on the physics motivation for a high luminous Tera scale electron-nucleon collider as a complement to the LHC.

Max Klein

2009-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

309

HEAVY ION PHYSICS WITH THE ATLAS DETECTOR.  

SciTech Connect

Soon after the LHC is commissioned with proton beams the ATLAS experiment will begin studies of Pb-Pb collisions with a center of mass energy of {radical}s{sub NN} = 5.5 TeV. The ATLAS program is a natural extension of measurements at RHIC in a direction that exploits the higher LHC energies and the superb ATLAS calorimeter and tracking coverage. At LHC energies, collisions will be produced with even higher energy density than observed at RHIC. The properties of the resulting hot medium can be studied with higher energy probes, which are more directly interpreted through modification of jet properties emerging from these collisions, for example. Other topics which are enabled by the 30-fold increase in center of mass energy include probing the partonic structure of nuclei with hard photoproduction (in UltraPeripheral collisions) and in p-Pb collisions. Here we report on evaluation of ATLAS capabilities for Heavy Ion Physics.

WHITE, S.

2005-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

310

Director's colloquium March 18 large hadron collider  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

talk about the most complex scientific instrument ever built-the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). March 10, 2010 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in...

311

PHYSICS AT HIGH LUMINOSITY MUON COLLIDERS AND A FACILITY OVERVIEW.  

SciTech Connect

Physics potentials at future colliders including high luminosity {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} colliders are discussed. Luminosity requirement, estimates for Muon collider energies of interest (0.1 TeV to 100 TeV) are calculated. Schematics and an overview of Muon Collider facility concept are also included.

PARSA,Z.

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Relativistic diffusion process and analysis of transverse momentum distributions observed at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large transverse momentum distributions of identified particles observed at RHIC are analyzed by a relativistic stochastic model in the three dimensional rapidity space. Temperature for inclusive reactions is estimated.

Naomichi Suzuki; Minoru Biyajima

2004-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

313

Partonic EoS in High-Energy Nuclear Collisions at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Partonic EoS in High-Energy Nuclear Collisions at RHIC Nu Xuproperties. In high-energy nuclear collisions, the term ?owthe early stage of high-energy nuclear collision, both the

Xu, Nu

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

The electromagnetic calorimeter for the solenoidal tracker at RHIC. A Conceptual Design Report  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the following on the electromagnetic calorimeter for the solenoidal tracker at RHIC: conceptual design; the physics of electromagnetic calorimetry in STAR; trigger capability; integration into STAR; and cost, schedule, manpower, and funding.

Beddo, M.E.; Bielick, E.; Dawson, J.W. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)] [and others; The STAR EMC Collaboration

1993-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

315

Exclusive processes in electron-ion collisions in the dipole formalism  

SciTech Connect

We compare the predictions of two saturation models for production of vector mesons and of photons in electron-ion collisions. The models considered are the b-CGC and the rcBK. The calculations were made in the kinematical range of the LHeC and of the future eRHIC.

Cazaroto, E. R.; Navarra, F. S. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, C.P. 66318, 05314-970 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Carvalho, F. [Departamento de Ciencias Exatas e da Terra, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Campus Diadema, Rua Prof. Artur Riedel, 275, Jd. Eldorado, 09972-270 Diadema, SP (Brazil); Goncalves, V. P. [Instituto de Fisica e Matematica, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Caixa Postal 354, 96010-900 Pelotas, RS (Brazil)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

316

Measurement of charged particle multiplicity distribution in Au + Au collisions up to 200 GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Au+Au collisions in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) herald a new era of opportunities for studying hadronic matter under conditions of high energy density and nucleon density. The theory of strong interactions, ...

Sarin, Pradeep, 1975-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

DOE Secretary Steven Chu has selected the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Bulletin DOE Secretary Steven Chu has selected the staff of the RHIC/ ATLAS Computing Facility of the ear- ly universe by collid- ing heavy ions such as gold -- and the ATLAS experiment, located

Johnson, Peter D.

318

Type B Accident Investigation Board Report of the Brookhaven National Laboratory Employee Injury at Building 1005H on October 9, 2009  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

On the afternoon of October 9, 2009, a Lead Rigger for Brookhaven Science Associates (BSA), LLC at the Brookhaven National laboratory (BNL) wasinjured while at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) Compressor Building 1005H.

319

Reaching Back Towards the Big Bang | U.S. DOE Office of Science...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

the collision of lead nuclei at 5.5 TeV per nucleon pair. This is 30 times the collision energy of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven, the only operating...

320

Review of polarized ion sources (invited)  

SciTech Connect

Recent progress in polarized ion sources development is reviewed. New techniques for production of polarized H{sup -} ion (proton), D{sup -} (D{sup +}), and {sup 3}He{sup ++} ion beams are discussed. Feasibility studies of these techniques are in progress at BNL and other laboratories. Polarized deuteron beams will be required for the polarization program at the Dubna Nuclotron and at the deuteron electric dipole moment experiment at BNL. Experiments with polarized {sup 3}He{sup ++} ion beams are a part of the experimental program at the future electron ion collider.

Zelenski, A. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

PHYSICAL REVIEW C 81, 044910 (2010) Production of exotic atoms at energies available at the CERN Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

one of the ions in the collider ("bound-free" pair production). In particular the process of pair several insights in the production mechanism which have not been explored in the literature. OurPHYSICAL REVIEW C 81, 044910 (2010) Production of exotic atoms at energies available at the CERN

Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

322

Ultraviolet energy dependence of particle production sources in relativistic heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy dependence of particle production sources in relativistic heavy-ion collisions is investigated from RHIC to LHC energies. Whereas charged-hadron production in the fragmentation sources follows a ln(s_NN/s_0) law, particle production in the mid-rapidity gluon-gluon source exhibits a much stronger dependence proportional to ln^3(s_NN/s_0), and becomes dominant between RHIC and LHC energies. The production of particles with pseudorapidities beyond the beam rapidity is also discussed.

Wolschin, Georg

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Femtoscopy in Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions: Two Decades of Progress  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analyses of two-particle correlations have provided the chief means for determining spatio-temporal characteristics of relativistic heavy ion collisions. We discuss the theoretical formalism behind these studies and the experimental methods used in carrying them out. Recent results from RHIC are put into context in a systematic review of correlation measurements performed over the past two decades. The current understanding of these results is discussed in terms of model comparisons and overall trends.

Mike Lisa; Scott Pratt; Ron Soltz; Urs Wiedemann

2005-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

324

Linear Collider Collaboration Tech Notes LCC-0100  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

100 100 August 2002 Systematic Ground Motion and Macroalignment for Linear Colliders Rainer Pitthan Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Stanford University Stanford, CA 94309, USA Abstract: Future colliders with their µm-range operational tolerances still need to be classically aligned to the 50 - 100 µm range, and kept there, over the km range. This requirement will not be a show-stopper, but not be trivial either. 50 µm movements over a betatron wavelength is a the range where systematic long term motions can prevent efficient operation. Systematic Ground Motion and Macro-Alignment for Linear Colliders Complete talk at: http://www-project.slac.stanford.edu/lc/wkshp/snowmass2001/t6/info/pitthan july

325

The Tevatron Hadron Collider: A short history  

SciTech Connect

The subject of this presentation was intended to cover the history of hadron colliders. However this broad topic is probably better left to historians. I will cover a much smaller portion of this subject and specialize my subject to the history of the Tevatron. As we will see, the Tevatron project is tightly entwined with the progress in collider technology. It occupies a unique place among accelerators in that it was the first to make use of superconducting magnets and indeed the basic design now forms a template for all machines using this technology. It was spawned in an incredibly productive era when new ideas were being generated almost monthly and it has matured into our highest energy collider complete with two large detectors that provide the major facility in the US for probing high Pt physics for the coming decade.

Tollestrup, A.V.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

The Quirky Collider Signals of Folded Supersymmetry  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the collider signals associated with scalar quirks ('squirks') in folded supersymmetric models. As opposed to regular superpartners in supersymmetric models these particles are uncolored, but are instead charged under a new confining group, leading to radically different collider signals. Due to the new strong dynamics, squirks that are pair produced do not hadronize separately, but rather form a highly excited bound state. The excited 'squirkonium' loses energy to radiation before annihilating back into Standard Model particles. We calculate the branching fractions into various channels for this process, which is prompt on collider time-scales. The most promising annihilation channel for discovery is W+photon which dominates for squirkonium near its ground state. We demonstrate the feasibility of the LHC search, showing that the mass peak is visible above the SM continuum background and estimate the discovery reach.

Burdman, Gustavo; Chacko, Z.; Goh, Hock-Seng; Harnik, Roni; Krenke, Christopher A.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Fermilab | Muon Collider | Reports and Papers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reports and Papers Reports and Papers Comprehensive Reports J. Gallardo, R. Palmer, A. Tollestrup, A. Sessler, A. Skrinsky et al., "μ+ μ- Collider: A Feasibility Study," DPF/DPB Summer Study on New Directions for High Energy Physics, Snow- mass, Colorado, 25 Jun - 12 Jul 1996, BNL - 52503, Fermilab - Conf - 96 - 092, LBNL - 38946, http://www.cap.bnl.gov/mumu/pubs/snowmass96.html C. Ankenbrandt et al.,"Status of muon collider research and development and future plans," Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 2 (1999) 081001, http://prst-ab.aps.org/abstract/PRSTAB/v2/i8/e081001 M. M. Alsharo'a et al., "Recent progress in neutrino factory and muon collider research within the Muon Collaboration," Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 6 (2003) 081001, http://prst-ab.aps.org/abstract/PRSTAB/v6/i8/e081001

328

The Next Linear Collider: NLC2001  

SciTech Connect

Recent studies in elementary particle physics have made the need for an e{sup +}e{sup -} linear collider able to reach energies of 500 GeV and above with high luminosity more compelling than ever [1]. Observations and measurements completed in the last five years at the SLC (SLAC), LEP (CERN), and the Tevatron (FNAL) can be explained only by the existence of at least one particle or interaction that has not yet been directly observed in experiment. The Higgs boson of the Standard Model could be that particle. The data point strongly to a mass for the Higgs boson that is just beyond the reach of existing colliders. This brings great urgency and excitement to the potential for discovery at the upgraded Tevatron early in this decade, and almost assures that later experiments at the LHC will find new physics. But the next generation of experiments to be mounted by the world-wide particle physics community must not only find this new physics, they must find out what it is. These experiments must also define the next important threshold in energy. The need is to understand physics at the TeV energy scale as well as the physics at the 100-GeV energy scale is now understood. This will require both the LHC and a companion linear electron-positron collider. A first Zeroth-Order Design Report (ZDR) [2] for a second-generation electron-positron linear collider, the Next Linear Collider (NLC), was published five years ago. The NLC design is based on a high-frequency room-temperature rf accelerator. Its goal is exploration of elementary particle physics at the TeV center-of-mass energy, while learning how to design and build colliders at still higher energies. Many advances in accelerator technologies and improvements in the design of the NLC have been made since 1996. This Report is a brief update of the ZDR.

D. Burke et al.

2002-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

329

Muon Collider: Plans, Progress and Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We in the physics community expect the LHC to uncover new physics in the next few years. The character and energy scale of the new physics remain unclear, but it is likely that data from the LHC will need to be complemented by information from a lepton collider which can provide for precise examination of new phenomena. We describe the concept, accelerator design, and detector R&D for a high energy Muon Collider as well as the challenges associated with the machine and its detector environment.

Lipton, Ronald

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Top quark studies at hadron colliders  

SciTech Connect

The techniques used to study top quarks at hadron colliders are presented. The analyses that discovered the top quark are described, with emphasis on the techniques used to tag b quark jets in candidate events. The most recent measurements of top quark properties by the CDF and DO Collaborations are reviewed, including the top quark cross section, mass, branching fractions, and production properties. Future top quark studies at hadron colliders are discussed, and predictions for event yields and uncertainties in the measurements of top quark properties are presented.

Sinervo, P.K. [Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

From Neutrino Factory to Muon Collider  

SciTech Connect

After summarizing the important commonalities between neutrino factories and muon colliders, the key differences are discussed. These include a much larger needed cooling factor ({approx}10{sup 6} in six-dimensional emittance), a smaller number of muon bunches (perhaps only one of each charge), and acceleration to much higher energy, implying significantly different technical choices for some of the cooling and acceleration subsystems. The final storage rings are also quite different. Nevertheless, a neutrino factory could serve as a key stepping stone on the path to a muon collider.

Kaplan, Daniel M. [Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL 60616 (United States)

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

332

Solenoid and monocusp ion source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ion source which generates hydrogen ions having high atomic purity incorporates a solenoidal permanent magnets to increase the electron path length. In a sealed envelope, electrons emitted from a cathode traverse the magnetic field lines of a solenoid and a monocusp magnet between the cathode and a reflector at the monocusp. As electrons collide with gas, the molecular gas forms a plasma. An anode grazes the outer boundary of the plasma. Molecular ions and high energy electrons remain substantially on the cathode side of the cusp, but as the ions and electrons are scattered to the aperture side of the cusp, additional collisions create atomic ions. The increased electron path length allows for smaller diameters and lower operating pressures.

Brainard, John Paul (Albuquerque, NM); Burns, Erskine John Thomas (Albuquerque, NM); Draper, Charles Hadley (Albuquerque, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Solenoid and monocusp ion source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ion source which generates hydrogen ions having high atomic purity incorporates a solenoidal permanent magnets to increase the electron path length. In a sealed envelope, electrons emitted from a cathode traverse the magnetic field lines of a solenoid and a monocusp magnet between the cathode and a reflector at the monocusp. As electrons collide with gas, the molecular gas forms a plasma. An anode grazes the outer boundary of the plasma. Molecular ions and high energy electrons remain substantially on the cathode side of the cusp, but as the ions and electrons are scattered to the aperture side of the cusp, additional collisions create atomic ions. The increased electron path length allows for smaller diameters and lower operating pressures. 6 figs.

Brainard, J.P.; Burns, E.J.T.; Draper, C.H.

1997-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

334

Conceptual design report for the Solenoidal Tracker at RHIC  

SciTech Connect

The Solenoidal Tracker At RHIC (STAR) will search for signatures of quark-gluon plasma (QGP) formation and investigate the behavior of strongly interacting matter at high energy density. The emphasis win be the correlation of many observables on an event-by-event basis. In the absence of definitive signatures for the QGP, it is imperative that such correlations be used to identify special events and possible signatures. This requires a flexible detection system that can simultaneously measure many experimental observables. The physics goals dictate the design of star and it's experiment. To meet the design criteria, tracking, momentum analysis, and particle identification of most of the charged particles at midrapidity are necessary. The tracking must operate in conditions at higher than the expected maximum charged particle multiplicities for central Au + Au collisions. Particle identification of pions/kaons for p < 0.7 GeV/c and kaons/protons for p < 1 GeV/c, as well as measurement of decay particles and reconstruction of secondary vertices will be possible. A two-track resolution of 2 cm at 2 m radial distance from, the interaction is expected. Momentum resolution of {Delta}p/p {approximately} 0.02 at p = 0.1 GeV/c is required to accomplish the physics, and,{Delta}p/p of several percent at p = 10 GeV/c is sufficient to accurately measure the rapidly failing spectra at high Pt and particles from mini-jets and jets.

Not Available

1992-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

335

Conceptual design report for the Solenoidal Tracker at RHIC  

SciTech Connect

The Solenoidal Tracker At RHIC (STAR) will search for signatures of quark-gluon plasma (QGP) formation and investigate the behavior of strongly interacting matter at high energy density. The emphasis win be the correlation of many observables on an event-by-event basis. In the absence of definitive signatures for the QGP, it is imperative that such correlations be used to identify special events and possible signatures. This requires a flexible detection system that can simultaneously measure many experimental observables. The physics goals dictate the design of star and it`s experiment. To meet the design criteria, tracking, momentum analysis, and particle identification of most of the charged particles at midrapidity are necessary. The tracking must operate in conditions at higher than the expected maximum charged particle multiplicities for central Au + Au collisions. Particle identification of pions/kaons for p < 0.7 GeV/c and kaons/protons for p < 1 GeV/c, as well as measurement of decay particles and reconstruction of secondary vertices will be possible. A two-track resolution of 2 cm at 2 m radial distance from, the interaction is expected. Momentum resolution of {Delta}p/p {approximately} 0.02 at p = 0.1 GeV/c is required to accomplish the physics, and,{Delta}p/p of several percent at p = 10 GeV/c is sufficient to accurately measure the rapidly failing spectra at high Pt and particles from mini-jets and jets.

The STAR Collaboration

1992-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

336

Beam optics and the pp2pp experiment at RHIC  

SciTech Connect

The newly installed forward detector system at the STAR experiment at RHIC measures small angle elastic and inelastic scattering of polarized protons on polarized protons. The detector system makes use of a pair of Roman Pot (RP) detectors, instrumented with silicon detectors, and located on either side of the STAR intersection region downstream of the DX and D0 dipoles and quadrupole triplets. The parallel to point optics is designed so that scattering angles are determined from position measurements at the RP's with small error. The RP setup allows measurement of position and angle for a subset of the scattered protons. With this position/angle correlations at the RP's can be compared with optics model predictions to get a measure of the accuracy of the quadrupole triplet current settings. The current in each quadrupole in the triplets is comprised of sums and differences of up to six power supplies and an overall 1% error in the triplet field strengths results in a 4% error in four-momentum transfer squared. This technique is also useful to check the polarity of the skew elements located in each quadrupole triplet. Results of the analysis will be presented.

Pile P. H.; Guryn, W.; Lee, J.H.; Tepikian, S.; Yip, K.

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

337

Non abelian hydrodynamics and heavy ion collisions  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the relativistic heavy ion collisions (RHIC) program is to create a state of matter where color degrees of freedom are deconfined. The dynamics of matter in this state, in spite of the complexities of quantum chromodynamics, is largely determined by the conservation laws of energy momentum and color currents. Therefore it is possible to describe its main features in hydrodynamic terms, the very short color neutralization time notwithstanding. In this lecture we shall give a simple derivation of the hydrodynamics of a color charged fluid, by generalizing the usual derivation of hydrodynamics from kinetic theory to the non abelian case.

Calzetta, E. [Departamento de Fsica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires and IFIBA, CONICET, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires 1428 (Argentina)

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

338

Quark-gluon plasma in the early Universe and in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions  

SciTech Connect

We briefly give an elementary introduction to the expansion of the Early Universe till when the phase transition of the quark-gluon plasma to a hadronic matter takes place. Then we describe some main element of the study of QGP by mean of ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions (uRHIC's)

Greco, V. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Catania, Catania, Italy and INFN - Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania (Italy)

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

339

PHYSICS WITH AND PHYSICS OF COLLIDING ELECTRON BEAMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contributed so much to the physics of colliding beams, theyto reap so little from the physics with colliding beams.Conference on High-Energy Physics, Vienna" September 1968 (

Pellegrini, Claudio

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Background Simulations for the International Linear Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on superconducting technology to collide bunches of electrons and positrons. The baseline configuration (about 31 km in a clean experimental environment with low backgrounds. The LHC will likely discover the Higgs boson accelerator directly. DESY FLC, 22603 Hamburg, Germany, adrian.vogel@desy.de 1 #12;Figure 1: Overall view

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Genesis of the Large Hadron Collider  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and beyond the discovery of the Higgs boson. organised and edited by John...and beyond the discovery of the Higgs boson . This paper describes the scientific...projects. Large Hadron Collider|Higgs boson|CERN| 1. Beginnings and background...

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Future Accelerators, Muon Colliders, and Neutrino Factories  

SciTech Connect

Particle physics is driven by five great topics. Neutrino oscillations and masses are now at the fore. The standard model with extensions to supersymmetry and a Higgs to generate mass explains much of the field. The origins of CP violation are not understood. The possibility of extra dimensions has raised tantalizing new questions. A fifth topic lurking in the background is the possibility of something totally different. Many of the questions raised by these topics require powerful new accelerators. It is not an overstatement to say that for some of the issues, the accelerator is almost the experiment. Indeed some of the questions require machines beyond our present capability. As this volume attests, there are parts of the particle physics program that have been significantly advanced without the use of accelerators such as the subject of neutrino oscillations and many aspects of the particle-cosmology interface. At this stage in the development of physics, both approaches are needed and important. This chapter first reviews the status of the great accelerator facilities now in operation or coming on within the decade. Next, midrange possibilities are discussed including linear colliders with the adjunct possibility of gamma-gamma colliders, muon colliders, with precursor neutrino factories, and very large hadron colliders. Finally visionary possibilities are considered including plasma and laser accelerators.

Richard A Carrigan, Jr.

2001-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

343

From the LHC to Future Colliders  

SciTech Connect

Discoveries at the LHC will soon set the physics agenda for future colliders. This report of a CERN Theory Institute includes the summaries of Working Groups that reviewed the physics goals and prospects of LHC running with 10 to 300 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity, of the proposed sLHC luminosity upgrade, of the ILC, of CLIC, of the LHeC and of a muon collider. The four Working Groups considered possible scenarios for the first 10 fb{sup -1} of data at the LHC in which (i) a state with properties that are compatible with a Higgs boson is discovered, (ii) no such state is discovered either because the Higgs properties are such that it is difficult to detect or because no Higgs boson exists, (iii) a missing-energy signal beyond the Standard Model is discovered as in some supersymmetric models, and (iv) some other exotic signature of new physics is discovered. In the contexts of these scenarios, theWorking Groups reviewed the capabilities of the future colliders to study in more detail whatever new physics may be discovered by the LHC. Their reports provide the particle physics community with some tools for reviewing the scientific priorities for future colliders after the LHC produces its first harvest of new physics from multi-TeV collisions.

De Roeck, A.; Ellis, J.; /CERN; Grojean, C.; Heinemeyer, S.; /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Jakobs, K.; /Freiburg U.; Weiglein, G.; /Durham U., IPPP; Azuelos, G.; /TRIUMF; Dawson, S.; /Brookhaven; Gripaios, B.; /CERN; Han, T.; /Wisconsin U., Madison; Hewett, J.; /SLAC; Lancaster, M.; /University Coll. London; Mariotti, C.; /INFN, Turin; Moortgat, F.; /Zurich, ETH; Moortgat-Pick, G.; /Durham U., IPPP; Polesello, G.; /INFN, Pavia; Riemann, S.; /DESY; Assamagan, K.; /Brookhaven; Bechtle, P.; /DESY; Carena, M.; /Fermilab; Chachamis, G.; /PSI, Villigen /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /INFN, Florence /Bonn U. /CERN /Bonn U. /Freiburg U. /Oxford U. /Louvain U., CP3 /Bangalore, Indian Inst. Sci. /INFN, Milan Bicocca /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /Frascati /Fermilab /Warsaw U. /Florida U. /Orsay, LAL /LPSC, Grenoble /Warsaw U. /Yale U. /Stockholm U., Math. Dept. /Durham U., IPPP /DESY /Rome U. /University Coll. London /UC, San Diego /Heidelberg U. /Florida State U. /SLAC /Durham U., IPPP /Southern Denmark U., CP3-Origins /McGill U. /Durham U., IPPP; /more authors.; ,

2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

344

410th Brookhaven Lecture  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

In a lecture titled "Hotter, Denser, Faster, Smaller...and Nearly Perfect: What's the Matter at RHIC?", Steinberg discusses the basic physics of the quark-gluon plasma and BNL's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, with a focus on several intriguing results from RHIC's recently ended PHOBOS experiment.

Peter Steinberg

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Towards a Future Linear Collider and The Linear Collider Studies at CERN  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

During the week 18-22 October, more than 400 physicists will meet at CERN and in the CICG (International Conference Centre Geneva) to review the global progress towards a future linear collider. The 2010 International Workshop on Linear Colliders will study the physics, detectors and accelerator complex of a linear collider covering both the CLIC and ILC options. Among the topics presented and discussed will be the progress towards the CLIC Conceptual Design Report in 2011, the ILC Technical Design Report in 2012, physics and detector studies linked to these reports, and an increasing numbers of common working group activities. The seminar will give an overview of these topics and also CERN?s linear collider studies, focusing on current activities and initial plans for the period 2011-16. n.b: The Council Chamber is also reserved for this colloquium with a live transmission from the Main Auditorium.

None

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

346

Effects of non-causal artifacts in a hadronic rescattering model for RHIC collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been shown that calculations based on a hadronic rescattering model agree reasonably well with experimental results from RHIC Au+Au collisions. Because of the large particle densities intrinsically present at the early time steps of Monte Carlo calculations attempting to model RHIC collisions undesirable artifacts resulting in non-causality may be present. The effects of such artifacts on observables calculated from the rescattering model are studied in the present work in two ways: 1) varying the time step and 2) using the subdivision method. It is shown that although non-causal artifacts are present in the rescattering model they have no appreciable effects on the calculated observables, thus strengthing the confidence in the results of this rescattering model for RHIC energies.

T. J. Humanic

2006-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

347

LASER-PLASMA-ACCELERATOR-BASED COLLIDERS C. B. Schroeder  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LASER-PLASMA-ACCELERATOR-BASED COLLIDERS C. B. Schroeder , E. Esarey, Cs. T´oth, C. G. R. Geddes-generation linear col- lider based on laser-plasma-accelerators are discussed, and a laser-plasma-accelerator gamma-gamma () collider is considered. An example of the parameters for a 0.5 TeV laser-plasma-accelerator collider

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

348

Elliptic Flow in Heavy-Ion Collisions from AGS to RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The integrated elliptic flow of charged particles, $v_2$(charged), and that of identified hadrons from Au+Au collisions are computed in a wide range of incident energies 2.7 GeV $\\le \\sqrt{s_{NN}}\\le$ 39 GeV. The simulations are performed within a three-fluid model employing three different equations of state (EoS's): a purely hadronic EoS and two versions of EoS involving the deconfinement transition--the first-order phase transition and a smooth crossover one. The present simulations demonstrate that $v_2$(charged) is insensitive to the EoS. All considered scenarios equally well reproduce recent STAR data on $v_2$(charged) for mid-central Au+Au collisions and properly describe its change of sign at the incident energy decrease below $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}\\approx$ 3.5 GeV. This good reproduction of $v_2$(charged) indicates that the viscosity is small even at low incident energies. The predicted integrated elliptic flow of various species exhibits a stronger dependence on the EoS. A noticeable sensitivity to the EoS ...

Ivanov, Yu B

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Study of Isospin Correlation in High Energy Heavy Ion Interactions with the RHIC PHENIX. Final Report  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the research work performed under the support of the DOE research grant E-FG02-97ER4108. The work is composed of three parts: (1) Visual analysis and quality control of the Micro Vertex Detector (MVD) of the PHENIX experiments carried out of Brookhaven National Laboratory. (2) Continuation of the data analysis of the EMU05/09/16 experiments for the study of the inclusive particle production spectra and multi-particle correlation. (3) Exploration of a new statistical means to study very high-multiplicity of nuclear-particle ensembles and its perspectives to apply to the higher energy experiments.

Takahashi, Y.

2003-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

350

PROCEEDINGS FROM RIKEN-BNL RESEARCH CENTER WORKSHOP: PARITY-VIOLATING SPIN ASYMMETRIES AT RHIC.  

SciTech Connect

The RHIC spin program is now fully underway. Several runs have been successfully completed and are producing exciting first results. Luminosity and polarization have improved remarkably and promising advances toward the higher RHIC energy of {radical}s = 500 GeV have been made. At this energy in particular, it will become possible to perform measurements of parity-violating spin asymmetries. Parity violation occurs in weak interactions, and in combination with the unique polarization capabilities at RHIC fascinating new opportunities arise. In particular, parity-violating single- and double-spin asymmetries give new insights into nucleon structure by allowing probes of up and down sea and anti-quark polarizations. Such measurements at RHIC are a DOE performance milestone for the year 2013 and are also supported by a very large effort from RIKEN. With transverse polarization, charged-current interactions may be sensitive to the Sivers effect. Parity-violating effects at RHIC have been proposed even as probes of physics beyond the Standard Model. With the era of measurements of parity-violating spin asymmetries at RHIC now rapidly approaching, we had proposed a small workshop that would bring together the main experts in both theory and experiment. We are very happy that this worked out. The whole workshop contained 17 formal talks, both experiment (10) and theory (7), and many fruitful discussions. The physics motivations for, the planned measurements were reviewed first. The RHIC machine prospects regarding polarized 500 GeV running were discussed, as well as the plans by the RHIC experiments for the vital upgrades of their detectors needed for the W physics program. We also had several talks on the topic of ''semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering'', which provides different access to related physics observables. On the theory side, new calculations were presented, for example in terms of QCD all-order resummations of perturbation theory. Also, new observables, such as jet and W+charrn final states and spin asymmetries in Z production, were proposed and discussed. All of the talks attracted much interest and initiated active discussions. This was a very successful workshop. It stimulated many discussions and new collaborations. We are grateful to all participants and speakers for coming to the Center, and for their excellent work. The support provided for this workshop by Dr. N. Samios and his RIKEN-BNL Research Center has been magnificent, and we are very grateful for it. We thank Brookhaven National Laboratory and the U.S. Department of Energy for providing the facilities to hold the workshop. Finally, sincere thanks go to Jane Lysik for her efficient work on organizing and running the workshop.

VOGELSANG,W.; PERDEKAMP, M.; SURROW, B.

2007-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

351

What do elliptic flow measurements tell us about the matter created in the little Bang at RHIC?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Elliptic flow measurements are presented and discussed with emphasis on the hydrodynamic character of the hot and dense QCD matter created in heavy ion collisions at RHIC. Predictions from perfect fluid hydrodynamics for the scaling of the elliptic flow coefficient $v_2$ with eccentricity, system size and transverse energy are validated. A universal scaling for the flow of both mesons and baryons is observed for a broad transverse kinetic energy range when quark number scaling is employed. This suggests a new state of nuclear matter at extremely high density and temperature whose primary constituents have the quantum numbers of quarks and anti-quarks in chemical equilibrium. The scaled flow is used to constrain estimates for several transport coefficients including the sound speed $c_s$, shear viscosity to entropy ratio $\\eta/s$, diffusion coefficient ($D_c$) and sound attenuation length ($\\Gamma$). The estimated value $\\eta/s \\sim 0.1$, is close to the absolute lower bound ($1/4\\pi$), and may signal thermodynamic trajectories for the decaying matter which lie close to the QCD critical end point.

Roy A. Lacey; Arkadij Taranenko

2006-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

352

Future high energy colliders symposium. Summary report  

SciTech Connect

A `Future High Energy Colliders` Symposium was held October 21-25, 1996 at the Institute for Theoretical Physics (ITP) in Santa Barbara. This was one of the 3 symposia hosted by the ITP and supported by its sponsor, the National Science Foundation, as part of a 5 month program on `New Ideas for Particle Accelerators`. The long term program and symposia were organized and coordinated by Dr. Zohreh Parsa of Brookhaven National Laboratory/ITP. The purpose of the symposium was to discuss the future direction of high energy physics by bringing together leaders from the theoretical, experimental and accelerator physics communities. Their talks provided personal perspectives on the physics objectives and the technology demands of future high energy colliders. Collectively, they formed a vision for where the field should be heading and how it might best reach its objectives.

Parsa, Z. [Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States). Institute for Theoretical Physics]|[Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, CA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

353

Fermilab collider run 1b accelerator performance  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the performance of Run 1b as of the end of July 1995. This run is the conclusion of Fermilab Collider Run 1, which consists of Run 1a (May 1992 - May 1993) and Run 1b (January 1994 - February 1996). Run 1b is characterized by being the first with the new 400 MeV Linac. At this time the run is not complete. Colliding beam physics is scheduled to resume after the summer 1995 shut down and continue until mid-February 1996. All of the operation to date is at a Tevatron energy of 900 GeV. This report emphasizes performance numbers and the various improvements made to systems to achieve this performance. It will only discuss the underlying physics to a limited extent. The report is divided into sections on: run statistics, I&C issues, proton source performance, antiproton source performance, main ring performance, Tevatron performance, and a summary.

Bharadwaj, V.; Halling, M.; Lucas, P.; McCrory, E.; Mishra, S.; Pruss, S.; Werkema, S.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Muon Collider Machine-Detector Interface  

SciTech Connect

In order to realize the high physics potential of a Muon Collider (MC) a high luminosity of {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}-collisions at the Interaction Point (IP) in the TeV range must be achieved ({approx}10{sup 34} cm{sup -2}s{sup -1}). To reach this goal, a number of demanding requirements on the collider optics and the IR hardware - arising from the short muon lifetime and from relatively large values of the transverse emittance and momentum spread in muon beams that can realistically be obtained with ionization cooling should be satisfied. These requirements are aggravated by limitations on the quadrupole gradients as well as by the necessity to protect superconducting magnets and collider detectors from muon decay products. The overall detector performance in this domain is strongly dependent on the background particle rates in various sub-detectors. The deleterious effects of the background and radiation environment produced by the beam in the ring are very important issues in the Interaction Region (IR), detector and Machine-Detector Interface (MDI) designs. This report is based on studies presented very recently.

Mokhov, Nikolai V.; /Fermilab

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Ig-0543.PDF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MARCH 2002 MARCH 2002 DOE/IG-0543 AUDIT REPORT RELATIVISTIC HEAVY ION COLLIDER PROJECT U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OFFICE OF AUDIT SERVICES MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman (Signed) Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Audit Report on "Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider Project" BACKGROUND The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), located at Brookhaven National Laboratory, is the world's newest and largest particle accelerator for nuclear physics research. RHIC was constructed between 1991 and 1999 at a reported cost of $617 million and is designed to enhance scientific exploration by advancing our understanding of the most basic constituents

356

Quenching of light hadrons at RHIC in a collisional energy loss scenario  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We evaluate the nuclear suppression factor, RAA(pT) for light hadrons by taking into account the collisional energy loss. Within the ambit of the present model we show that in the measured pT domain of RHIC the contribution from the elastic process has a sizable magnitude.

Pradip Roy; Jan-e Alam; Abhee K Dutt-Mazumder

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Analysis of a Possible 20A Electron Gun and Collector Design for the RHIC EBIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of a Possible 20A Electron Gun and Collector Design for the RHIC EBIS Alexander Pikin of electron beam generation with the gun immersed in a magnetic field and subsequent purely magnetic compression of the electron beam, it makes sense to develop the new electron gun with immersed cathode

358

The effect and correction of coupling generated by the RHIC triplet quadrupoles  

SciTech Connect

This study explores the possibility of operating the nominal RHIC coupling correction system in local decoupling mode, where a subset of skew quadrupoles are independently set by minimizing the coupling as locally measured by beam position monitors. The goal is to establish a correction procedure for the skew quadrupole errors in the interaction region triplets that does not rely on a priori knowledge of the individual errors. After a description of the present coupling correction scheme envisioned for RHIC, the basics of the local decoupling method will be briefly recalled in the context of its implementation in the TEAPOT simulation code as well as operationally. The method is then applied to the RHIC lattice: a series of simple tests establish that single triplet skew quadrupole errors can be corrected by local decoupling. More realistic correction schemes are then studied in order to correct distributed sources of skew quadrupole errors: the machine can be decoupled either by pure local decoupling or by a combination of global (minimum tune separation) and local decoupling. The different correction schemes are successively validated and evaluated by standard RHIC simulation runs with the complete set of errors and corrections. The different solutions and results are finally discussed together with their implications for the hardware.

Pilat, F.; Peggs, S.; Tepikian, S.; Trbojevic, D.; Wei, J.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Quenching of light hadrons at RHIC in a collisional energy loss scenario  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We evaluate the nuclear suppression factor, $R_{AA}(p_T)$ for light hadrons by taking into account the collisional energy loss. We show that in the measured $p_T$ domain of RHIC the elastic process is the dominant mechanism for the partonic energy loss.

Pradip Roy; Jan-e Alam; Abhee K. Dutt-Mazumder

2008-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

360

PROCEEDINGS OF RIKEN BNL RESEARCH CENTER WORKSHOP ENTITLED "ODDERON SEARCHES AT RHIC" (VOLUME 76)  

SciTech Connect

The Odderon, a charge-conjugation-odd partner of the Pomeron, has been a puzzle ever since its introduction in 1973. The Pomeron describes a colorless exchange with vacuum quantum numbers in the t-channel of hadronic scattering at high energies. The concept was originally formulated for the non-perturbative regime of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). In perturbation theory, the simplest picture of the Poineron is that of a two-gluon exchange process, whereas an Odderon can be thought of as an exchange of three gluons. Both the Pomeron and the Odderon are expected in QCD. However, while there exists plenty of experimental data that could be successfully described by Pomeron exchanges (for example in electron-proton and hadron-hadron scattering at high energies), no experimental sign of the Odderon has been observed. One of the very few hints so far is the difference in the diffractive minima of elastic proton-proton and proton-antiproton scattering measured at the ISR. The Odderon has recently received renewed attention by QCD researchers, mainly for the following two reasons. First of all, RHIC has entered the scene, offering exciting unique new opportunities for Odderon searches. RHIC provides collisions of nuclei at center-of-mass energies far exceeding those at all previous experiments. RHIC also provides collisions of protons of the highest center-of-mass energy, and in the interval, which has not been explored previously in p {bar p} collisions. In addition, it also has the unique feature of polarization for the proton beams, promising to become a crucial tool in Odderon searches. Indeed, theorists have proposed possible signatures of the Odderon in some spin asymmetries measurable at RHIC. Qualitatively unique signals should be seen in these observables if the Odderon coupling is large. Secondly, the Odderon has recently been shown to naturally emerge from the Color Glass Condensate (CGC), a theory for the high-energy asymptotics of QCD. It has been argued that saturation/CGC effects tend to decrease the Odderon intercept, possibly providing an explanation for the lack of experimental evidence for the Odderon so far. This has added further motivation for pursuing searches for the Odderon. During the workshop the status of the Odderon in QCD and its phenomenology were reviewed. The participants also agreed on the most promising observables for the Odderon search at RHIC, which we list. The conclusion of the workshop is that the best available setup to address experimental questions related to the search for the Odderon at RHIC is the proposed combination of STAR experiment and Roman pots of pp2pp experiment, described in the proposal ''Physics with Tagged Forward Protons with the STAR detector at RHIC''.

ORGANIZERS: GURYN, W.; KOVCHEGOV, Y.; VOGELSANG, W.; TRUEMAN, L.

2005-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Ion source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetic filter for an ion source reduces the production of undesired ion species and improves the ion beam quality. High-energy ionizing electrons are confined by the magnetic filter to an ion source region, where the high-energy electrons ionize gas molecules. One embodiment of the magnetic filter uses permanent magnets oriented to establish a magnetic field transverse to the direction of travel of ions from the ion source region to the ion extraction region. In another embodiment, low energy 16 eV electrons are injected into the ion source to dissociate gas molecules and undesired ion species into desired ion species.

Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA); Ehlers, Kenneth W. (Alamo, CA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Collaborating for a "Perfect" Scan of Nuclear Matter | Brookhaven and the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collaborating for a "Perfect" Scan of Nuclear Matter Collaborating for a "Perfect" Scan of Nuclear Matter RHIC & LHC The Perfect Liquid The Critical Point superconducting magnets Superconducting magnets of the Large Hadron Collider (left) and Brookhaven's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (right). As the finishing touches are put on the world's most powerful particle accelerator in Switzerland, and plans for others pop up across the globe, Brookhaven's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) continues to exploit its unique ability to explore the surprising features of matter bound by the strongest of Nature&'s forces. Although RHIC's overall mission is quite different from other machines on the horizon, new scientific facilities are incorporating heavy ion capabilities similar to RHIC. This healthy

363

HBT puzzle at RHIC AMPT model with String Melting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/RsideSmall radii Small duration time dt by Stephen Johnson at RWW02 One way out: Hydro Softest point in EOS Measured extensively in heavy ion collisions reasonably described by models (hydro-ph/01120062 recent hydro studies: #12;HIJING energy in strings(soft) and minijet partons(hard) ZPC (Zhang

Lin, Zi-wei

364

Present Status And Future Prospects Of Polarized Ion Sources  

SciTech Connect

Recent progress in polarized ion sources development is reviewed. New techniques for production of polarized H{sup -} ion (proton), D{sup -} (D{sup +}) and {sup 3}He{sup ++} ion beams are discussed. Feasibility studies of these techniques are in progress at BNL and other laboratories. Polarized deuteron beams will be required for the polarization program at the Dubna Nuclotron and at the deuteron Electric Dipole Moment experiment at BNL. Experiments with polarized {sup 3}He{sup ++} ion beams are a part of the experimental program at the future Electron Ion Collider.

Belov, A. [INR, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Zelenski, A. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (United States)

2009-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

365

EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF ION INJECTION INTO AN EXTENDED TRAP OF THE BNL EBIS.  

SciTech Connect

Experiments on the BNL EBIS Test Stand (EBTS) with the ion trap extending beyond the edges of the superconducting solenoid had the main goal to study ion trap operation with a trap length exceeding that of the normal EBTS trap. Preliminary results indicate that the ion trap with length 107 cm is stable and controllable in the same fashion as our normal 70 cm trap with a multiampere electron beam. EBTS operation with ion trap 145 cm long and with electron current up to 3 A in earlier experiments also was stable and yielded more ions than from the basic ''short'' trap. These results increased our confidence in operation of the proposed RHIC in a stable mode and in the correctness of linear scaling of ion intensity with the length of the ion trap.

PIKIN,A.; ALESSI,J.; BEEBE,E.; KPONOU,A.; PRELEC,K.

2001-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

366

Linear Collider Collaboration Tech Notes LCC-0108  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 8 TESLA 2002-10 CBP Tech Note-268 November 2002 Comparison of Emittance Tuning Simulations in the NLC and TESLA Damping Rings Andrej Wolski Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory University of California Berkeley, CA Winfried Decking Deutsches Elektron Synchrotron (DESY) Hamburg, Germany Abstract: Vertical emittance is a critical issue for future linear collider damping rings. Both NLC and TESLA specify vertical emittance of the order of a few picometers, below values currently achieved in any storage ring. Simulations show that algorithms based on correcting the closed orbit and the vertical dispersion can be effective in reducing the vertical emittance to the required levels, in the presence of a limited subset of

367

Linear Collider Collaboration Tech Notes LCC-0104  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 October 2002 Beamstrahlung Photon Load on the TESLA Extraction Septum Blade Andrei Seryi Stanford Linear Accelerator Center Stanford, CA 94309, USA Abstract: This note describes work performed in the framework of the International Linear Collider Technical Review Committee [1] to estimate the power load on the TESLA extraction septum blade due to beamstrahlung photons. It is shown, that under realistic conditions the photon load can be several orders of magnitude higher than what was estimated in the TESLA TDR [2] for the ideal Gaussian beams, potentially representing a serious limitation of the current design. Beamstrahlung Photon Load on the TESLA Extraction Septum Blade ANDREI SERYI STANFORD LINEAR

368

B Physics Theory for Hadron Colliders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A short overview of theoretical methods for B physics at hadron colliders is presented. The main emphasis is on the theory of two-body hadronic B decays, which provide a rich field of investigation in particular for the Tevatron and the LHC. The subject holds both interesting theoretical challenges as well as many opportunities for flavor studies and new physics tests. A brief review of the current status and recent developments is given. A few additional topics in B physics are also mentioned.

G. Buchalla

2008-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

369

Broader Impacts of the International Linear Collider  

SciTech Connect

Large-scale scientific endeavors such as the International Linear Collider Project can have a lasting impact on education and outreach to our society. The ILC will provide a discovery platform for frontier physical science and it will also provide a discovery platform for broader impacts and social science. The importance of Broader Impacts of Science in general and the ILC in particular are described. Additionally, a synopsis of education and outreach activities carried out as an integral part of the Snowmass ILC Workshop is provided.

Bardeen, M.; Ruchti, R.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Future high energy colliders. Formal report  

SciTech Connect

This Report includes copies of transparencies and notes from the presentations made at the Symposium on Future High Energy Colliders, October 21-25, 1996 at the Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara California, that was made available by the authors. Editing, reduction and changes to the authors contributions were made only to fulfill the printing and publication requirements. We would like to take this opportunity and thank the speakers for their informative presentations and for providing copies of their transparencies and notes for inclusion in this Report.

Parsa, Z. [ed.] [ed.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

371

LASER-PLASMA-ACCELERATOR-BASED GAMMA GAMMA COLLIDERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LASER-PLASMA-ACCELERATOR-BASED ?? COLLIDERS ? C. B.linear col- lider based on laser-plasma-accelerators arediscussed, and a laser-plasma-accelerator-based gamma-

Schroeder, C. B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

QCD Factorization for heavy quarkonium production at collider energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this talk, I briefly review several models of the heavy quarkonium production at collider energies, and discuss the status of QCD factorization for these production models.

Jian-Wei Qiu

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

373

Muon-Muon and Other High Energy Colliders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Before we discuss the muon collider in detail, it is useful to...(pp, $$p\\bar p$$ ), of lepton (e + e ...

R. B. Palmer; J. C. Gallardo

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Far Future Colliders and Required R&D Program  

SciTech Connect

Particle colliders for high energy physics have been in the forefront of scientific discoveries for more than half a century. The accelerator technology of the collider has progressed immensely, while the beam energy, luminosity, facility size and the cost have grown by several orders of magnitude. The method of colliding beams has not fully exhausted its potential but its pace of progress has greatly slowed down. In this paper we very briefly review the R&D toward near future colliders and make an attempt to look beyond the current horizon and outline the changes in the paradigm required for the next breakthroughs.

Shiltsev, V.; /Fermilab

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

The Very Large Hadron Collider: The farthest energy frontier  

SciTech Connect

The Very Large Hadron Collider (or Eloisatron) represents what may well be the final step on the energy frontier of accelerator-based high energy physics. While an extremely high luminosity proton collider at 100-200 TeV center of mass energy can probably be built in one step with LHC technology, that machine would cost more than what is presently politically acceptable. This talk summarizes the strategies of collider design including staged deployment, comparison with electron-positron colliders, opportunities for major innovation, and the technical challenges of reducing costs to manageable proportions. It also presents the priorities for relevant R and D for the next few years.

Barletta, William A.

2001-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

376

Muon Colliders: New Prospects for Precision Physics and the High Energy Frontier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An overview is given of muon collider technology and of the current status of the muon collider research program. The exciting potential of muon colliders for both neutrino physics and collider physics studies is then described and illustrated using self-consistent collider parameter sets at 0.1 TeV to 100 TeV center-of-mass energies.

Bruce J. King

1999-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

377

Trilepton Higgs boson signal at hadron colliders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most Higgs boson searches pursued at hadron colliders require Yukawa interactions either in the production or the decay of a Higgs boson. We propose a trilepton Higgs boson search based only upon the gauge interactions of the Higgs boson. This strategy can be utilized successfully for the standard model (SM) Higgs boson as well as nonstandard Higgs bosons which break electroweak symmetry but have little to do with fermion mass generation. The trileptons come from Wh production followed by Wh?WWW(*)?3l decays. A SM Higgs trilepton signal would be difficult to detect at the Fermilab Tevatron collider: with 100 fb-1 of data, only a 3? signal above background can be achieved after cuts if 140 GeVHiggs boson mass in the range 140185 (125200) GeV. Prospects for a trilepton Higgs boson discovery are greatly improved for models with nonstandard Higgs boson sectors where a Higgs boson couples preferentially to vector bosons rather than to fermions.

Howard Baer and James D. Wells

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Status and Promise of Particle Interferometry in Heavy-Ion Collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After five years of running at RHIC, and on the eve of the LHC heavy-ion program, we highlight the status of femtoscopic measurements. We emphasize the role interferometry plays in addressing fundamental questions about the state of matter created in such collisions, and present an enumerated list of measurements, analyses and calculations that are needed to advance the field in the coming years.

Selemon Bekele; Fabio Braghin; Zbigniew Chajecki; Paul Chung; John G. Cramer; Tamas Csorgo; Hans Eggers; Sean Gavin; Frederique Grassi; Yogiro Hama; Adam Kisiel; Che-Ming Ko; Tomoi Koide; Gastao Krein; Roy Lacey; Richard Lednicky; Michael A. Lisa; Wesley Metzger; Dariusz Miskowiec; Kenji Morita; Sandra S. Padula; Scott Pratt; Wei-Liang Qian; Vladislav Simak; Yuri Sinyukov; Michal Sumbera; Bernardo M. Tavares; Giuseppe Verde; Detlef Zschiesche

2007-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

379

Central collisions of heavy ions. Progress report, October 1, 1991--September 31, 1992  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the activities of the Heavy Ion Physics Group at the University of California, Riverside from October 1, 1991 to September 30, 1992. During this period, the program focused on particle production at AGS energies, and correlation studies at the Bevalac in nucleus-nucleus central collisions. As part of the PHENIX collaboration, contributions were made to the Preliminary Conceptual Design Report (pCDR), and work on a RHIC silicon microstrip detector R&D project was performed.

Fung, Sun-yiu

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Ion-molecule reactions and ion energies in a CF4 discharge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Absolute cross sections have been measured for reactants typically found in carbon tetrafluoride (CF4) discharges for collision energies below a few hundred electron volts. The reactions investigated include collision-induced dissociation and dissociative electron transfer reactions for CF3+ and F+ colliding with CF4, and collisional electron detachment for F- colliding with CF4. Also presented are measurements of energies and relative intensities of ions generated in dc Townsend CF4 discharges with E/N values ranging from 410-18?V m2 to 2510-18?V m2 [4 to 25 kTd]. Ion energy and ion intensity data for the Townsend discharges are analyzed in light of the measured cross sections.

B. L. Peko; I. V. Dyakov; R. L. Champion; M. V. V. S. Rao; J. K. Olthoff

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Possibilities for relativistic heavy ion collisions at Brookhaven  

SciTech Connect

Since 1980 there has been considerable interest at Brookhaven in exploiting the existence of the Colliding Beam Accelerator, CBA, earlier referred to as Isabelle, for the generation of heavy ion collisions at very high energies. The only requirement for a heavy ion collider would have been for an energy booster for the Tandem accelerator and a tunnel and magnet transport system to the AGS. For a few million dollars heavy ions up to nearly 200 GeV/amu could be collided with luminosities of 10/sup 27/ to 10/sup 28//cm/sup 2/ sec in experimental halls with ideal facilities for heavy ion physics studies. Although the CBA project has been stopped, it is still true that Brookhaven has in place enormous advantages for constructing a heavy ion collider. This paper describes a design that exploits those advantages. It uses the tunnel and other civil construction, the refrigerator, vacuum equipment, injection line components, and the magnet design for which there is expertise and a production facility in place. The result is a machine that appears quite different than would a machine designed from first principles without access to these resources but one which is of high performance and of very attractive cost.

Barton, M.O.; Hahn, H.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

What the inflaton might tell us about RHIC/LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Topical phenomena in high-energy physics related to collision experiments of heavy nuclei ("Little Bang") and early universe cosmology ("Big Bang") involve far-from-equilibrium dynamics described by quantum field theory. One example concerns the role of plasma instabilities for the process of thermalization in heavy-ion collisions. The reheating of the early universe after inflation may exhibit rather similar phenomena following a tachyonic or parametric resonance instability. Certain universal aspects associated to nonthermal fixed points even quantitatively agree, and considering these phenomena from a common perspective can be fruitful.

J. Berges

2008-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

383

RHIC 12x150A current lead temperature controller: design and implementation  

SciTech Connect

There are 60 12 x 150A current leads distributed in six RHIC service buildings; each lead delivers power supply current from room temperature to cryogenic temperature in RHIC. Due to the humid environment, condensation occurs frequently and ice forms quickly during operation, especially during an extensive storage period. These conditions generate warnings and alarms to which personnel must respond and establish temporary solutions to keep the machine operating. In here, we designed a temperature control system to avoid such situations. This paper discusses its design, implementation, and some results. There are six service buildings in the RHIC complex; each building has two valve boxes that transfer room-temperature current cables from the power supplies into superconducting leads, and then transport them into the RHIC tunnel. In there, the transition between the room-temperature lead into superconducting lead is critical and essential; smooth running during the physics store is crucial for the machine's continuing operation. One of the problems that often occurred previously was the icing of these current leads that could result in a potential leakage current onto ground, thereby preventing a continuous supply of physics store. Fig. 1 illustrates a typical example on a power lead. Among the modifications of the design of the valve box, we list below the new requirements for designing the temperature controller to prevent icing occurring: (1) Remotely control, monitor, and record each current lead's temperature in real time. Prevent icing or overheating of a power lead. (2) Include a temperature alarm for the high/low level threshold. In this paper we discuss the design, implementation, upgrades to, and operation of this new system.

Mi, C.; Seberg, S.; Ganetis, Hamdi, K.; Louie, W.; Heppner, G.; Jamilkowski, J.; Bruno, D.; DiLieto, A.; Sirio, C.; Tuozzolo, J.; Sandberg, J.; Unger, K.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

384

A bunch to bucket phase detector for the RHIC LLRF upgrade platform  

SciTech Connect

As part of the overall development effort for the RHIC LLRF Upgrade Platform [1,2,3], a generic four channel 16 bit Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) daughter module was developed to provide high speed, wide dynamic range digitizing and processing of signals from DC to several hundred megahertz. The first operational use of this card was to implement the bunch to bucket phase detector for the RHIC LLRF beam control feedback loops. This paper will describe the design and performance features of this daughter module as a bunch to bucket phase detector, and also provide an overview of its place within the overall LLRF platform architecture as a high performance digitizer and signal processing module suitable to a variety of applications. In modern digital control and signal processing systems, ADCs provide the interface between the analog and digital signal domains. Once digitized, signals are then typically processed using algorithms implemented in field programmable gate array (FPGA) logic, general purpose processors (GPPs), digital signal processors (DSPs) or a combination of these. For the recently developed and commissioned RHIC LLRF Upgrade Platform, we've developed a four channel ADC daughter module based on the Linear Technology LTC2209 16 bit, 160 MSPS ADC and the Xilinx V5FX70T FPGA. The module is designed to be relatively generic in application, and with minimal analog filtering on board, is capable of processing signals from DC to 500 MHz or more. The module's first application was to implement the bunch to bucket phase detector (BTB-PD) for the RHIC LLRF system. The same module also provides DC digitizing of analog processed BPM signals used by the LLRF system for radial feedback.

Smith, K.S.; Harvey, M.; Hayes, T.; Narayan, G.; Polizzo, S.; Severino, F.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

385

Detectors for Neutrino Physics at the First Muon Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider possible detector designs for short-baseline neutrino experiments using neutrino beams produced at the First Muon Collider complex. The high fluxes available at the muon collider make possible high statistics deep-inelastic scattering neutrino experiments with a low-mass target. A design of a low-energy neutrino oscillation experiment on the ``tabletop'' scale is also discussed.

Deborah A. Harris; Kevin S. McFarland

1998-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

386

Muon Front End for a Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Muon Front End for a Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider Chris Rogers, ASTeC, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory 15th January 2013 #12;High Energy Muon Facilities Growing interest in large, high energy muon facilities Neutrino Factory -> neutrino oscillations and Muon Collider -> energy frontier or Higgs factory

McDonald, Kirk

387

EIS-0138-S: Superconducting Super Collider, Supplemental, Waxahatchie, Texas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy developed this supplementary statement to analyze the environmental impacts of design modifications to the Superconducting Super Collider that were made following the publication of the Record of Decision that selected Ellis County, Texas, as the location of the laboratory facility. This statement supplements DOE/EIS-0138, Superconducting Super Collider.

388

Energy Content of Colliding Plane Waves using Approximate Noether Symmetries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is devoted to study the energy content of colliding plane waves using approximate Noether symmetries. For this purpose, we use approximate Lie symmetry method of Lagrangian for differential equations. We formulate the first-order perturbed Lagrangian for colliding plane electromagnetic and gravitational waves. It is shown that in both cases, there does not exist

M. Sharif; Saira Waheed

2011-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

389

Helmholtz Alliance Linear Collider Forum Proceedings of the Workshops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Helmholtz Alliance Linear Collider Forum Proceedings of the Workshops Hamburg, Munich, Hamburg 2010 of the Helmholtz Alliance Linear Collider Forum 2010­2012, Hamburg, M¨unchen, Hamburg, Germany Conference homepage, Internationales Congress Center, Dresden (at the 4th Annual Workshop of the Helmholtz Alliance `Physics

390

A New Class of RC4 Colliding Key Pairs with Greater Hamming Distance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we discovered a new class of colliding key pairs of RC4, namely ... discovery of RC4 colliding keys with hamming distance greater than one, that is, the colliding ... the probability of the existen...

Jiageng Chen; Atsuko Miyaji

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

A Proposal for the Muon Piston Calorimeter Extension (MPC-EX) to the PHENIX Experiment at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The PHENIX MPC-EX detector is a Si-W preshower extension to the existing PHENIX Muon Piston Calorimeters (MPC). The MPC-EX will consist of eight layers of alternating W absorber and Si mini-pad sensors and will be installed in time for RHIC Run-15. Covering a large pseudorapidity range, 3.1 80 GeV, a factor of four improvement over current capabilities. Not only will the MPC-EX strengthen PHENIX's existing forward neutral pion and jet measurements, it also provides the necessary neutral pion rejection to make a prompt photon measurement feasible in both p+A and p+p collisions. With this neutral pion rejection, prompt (direct + fragmentation) photon yields at high p_T, p_T > 3 GeV, can be statistically extracted using a double ratio method. In p+A collisions direct photons at forward rapidities are optimally sensitive to the gluon distribution because, unlike pions, direct photons are only produced by processes that are directly sensitive to the gluon distribution at leading order. A measurement of the forward prompt photon R_pA will cleanly access and greatly expand our understanding of the gluon nuclear parton distribution functions and provide important information about the initial state in heavy ion collisions. In transversely polarized p+p collisions the MPC-EX will make possible a measurement of the prompt photon single spin asymmetry A_N, and will help elucidate the correlation of valence partons in the proton with the proton spin.

S. Campbell; R. Hollis; A. Iordanova; E. Kistenev; X. Jiang; Y. Kwon; J. Lajoie; J. Perry; R. Seto; A. Sukhanov; A. Timilsina; for the PHENIX Collaboration

2013-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

392

Linear Collider Collaboration Tech Notes LCC-0109  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 9 TESLA 2002-11 CBP Tech Note-269 November 2002 Alignment Stability Models for Damping Rings Andrej Wolski Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory University of California Berkeley, CA Winfried Decking Deutsches Elektron Synchrotron (DESY) Hamburg, Germany Abstract: Linear collider damping rings are highly sensitive to magnet alignment. Emittance tuning simulations for current designs of damping rings for TESLA and NLC have given encouraging results, but depend on invasive measurements of dispersion. The frequency with which such measurements must be made is therefore an operational issue, and depends on the time stability of the alignment. In this note, we consider three effects that lead to misalignment and the need to retune the damping ring: (1)

393

Superconducting Magnet Technology for Future Hadron Colliders  

SciTech Connect

The application of superconducting magnets to large-scale particle accelerators was successfully demonstrated with the completion of the Tevatron at Fermilab in 1983. This machine, utilizing dipole magnets operating at 4.5 T, has been operating successfully for the past 12 years. This success was followed a few years later by HERA, an electron-proton collider that uses superconducting quadrupoles and dipoles of a design similar to those in the Tevatron. The next major project was the ill-fated SSC, which was cancelled in 1993. However, the SSC R&D effort did succeed in demonstrating the reliable operation of dipole magnets up to 6.6 T. The LHC, now under construction, pushes the ductile superconductor, NbTi, to its limit in dipoles designed to operate at fields of 8.6 T at 1.8 K. Several recent studies have addressed the issues involved in taking the next step beyond the LHC. The Division of Particles and Fields Workshop on Future Hadron Facilities in the U.S., held at Indiana U. in 1994, examined two possible facilities--a 2-TeV on 2-TeV collider and a 30-Tev on 30-Tev collider. The participants arrived at the following conclusions with regard to superconducting magnets: (1) Superconducting magnets are the enabling technology for high energy colliders. As such, the highest priority for the future of hadron facilities in the U.S. is the reassembly of a U.S. superconducting magnet R&D program. (2) emphasis on conductor development and new magnet designs; and (3) goals of such a program might be (a) the development of a 9-10 Tesla magnet based on NbTi technology; (b) the development of high quality quadrupoles with gradients in the range 250-300 T/m; and (c) initiation of R&D activities aimed at moving beyond the existing technology as appears to be required for the development of a magnet operating at 12-15 Tesla. In order to reach fields above 10 T, magnet designers must turn to new materials with higher critical fields than that of NbTi. Several candidate conductors exist; unfortunately, all of these new materials are brittle, and thus pose new challenges to the magnet designers. At the same time that the forces on the magnet windings are increasing due to the higher Lorentz force associated with the higher magnetic fields, the conductor tensile strain must be limited to less than about 0.5% to prevent damage to the brittle superconducting material. Also, coil fabrication methods must be changed. If the superconductor is in the reacted, or brittle, state, the coil winding procedure must be modified to prevent overstraining. If the alternative wind and react approach is used, new insulating materials must be used that can survive the high temperature reactions (650 to 800 C) necessary to form the superconducting compounds. The issues associated with high-field dipole magnets have been discussed at a number of workshops, including those at DESY in 1991 and LBL in 1992. These workshops were extremely useful in defining the problems and focusing the attention of both materials and magnet experts on high-field dipole magnets; however, since neither set of proceedings was published, the information is not readily available. More recently, a workshop was held in Erice, Italy, under the sponsorship of the Ettore Maiorana Center for Scientific Culture. This international workshop was attended by 20 scientists from Europe, Japan, and the U.S., and the summary of that work, which represents the most recent and thorough assessment of the status of high-field magnets for accelerator magnets, is presented.

Scanlan, R.M.; Barletta, W.A.; Dell'Orco, D.; McInturff, A.D.; Asner, A.; Collings, E.W.; Dahl, P.F.; Desportes, H.; Devred, A.; Garre, R.; Gregory, E.; Hassenzahl, W.; Lamm, M.; Larbalestier, D.; Leory, D.; McIntyre, P.; Miller, J.; Shintomi, T.; ten Kate, H.; Wipf, S.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Detectors for Linear Colliders: Calorimetry at a Future Electron-Positron Collider (3/4)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Calorimetry will play a central role in determining the physics reach at a future e+e- collider. The requirements for calorimetry place the emphasis on achieving an excellent jet energy resolution. The currently favoured option for calorimetry at a future e+e- collider is the concept of high granularity particle flow calorimetry. Here granularity and a high pattern recognition capability is more important than the single particle calorimetric response. In this lecture I will describe the recent progress in understanding the reach of high granularity particle flow calorimetry and the related R&D; efforts which concentrate on test beam demonstrations of the technological options for highly granular calorimeters. I will also discuss alternatives to particle flow, for example the technique of dual readout calorimetry.

None

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

395

TOP AND HIGGS PHYSICS AT THE HADRON COLLIDERS  

SciTech Connect

This review summarizes the recent results for top quark and Higgs boson measurements from experiments at Tevatron, a protonantiproton collider at a center-of-mass energy of ? s =1 . 96 TeV, and the Large Hadron Collider, a protonproton collider at a center- of-mass energy of ? s = 7 TeV. These results include the discovery of a Higgs-like boson and measurement of its various properties, and measurements in the top quark sector, e.g. top quark mass, spin, charge asymmetry and production of single top quark.

Jabeen, Shabnam

2013-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

396

Governance of the International Linear Collider Project  

SciTech Connect

Governance models for the International Linear Collider Project are examined in the light of experience from similar international projects around the world. Recommendations for one path which could be followed to realize the ILC successfully are outlined. The International Linear Collider (ILC) is a unique endeavour in particle physics; fully international from the outset, it has no 'host laboratory' to provide infrastructure and support. The realization of this project therefore presents unique challenges, in scientific, technical and political arenas. This document outlines the main questions that need to be answered if the ILC is to become a reality. It describes the methodology used to harness the wisdom displayed and lessons learned from current and previous large international projects. From this basis, it suggests both general principles and outlines a specific model to realize the ILC. It recognizes that there is no unique model for such a laboratory and that there are often several solutions to a particular problem. Nevertheless it proposes concrete solutions that the authors believe are currently the best choices in order to stimulate discussion and catalyze proposals as to how to bring the ILC project to fruition. The ILC Laboratory would be set up by international treaty and be governed by a strong Council to whom a Director General and an associated Directorate would report. Council would empower the Director General to give strong management to the project. It would take its decisions in a timely manner, giving appropriate weight to the financial contributions of the member states. The ILC Laboratory would be set up for a fixed term, capable of extension by agreement of all the partners. The construction of the machine would be based on a Work Breakdown Structure and value engineering and would have a common cash fund sufficiently large to allow the management flexibility to optimize the project's construction. Appropriate contingency, clearly apportioned at both a national and global level, is essential if the project is to be realised. Finally, models for running costs and decommissioning at the conclusion of the ILC project are proposed. This document represents an interim report of the bodies and individuals studying these questions inside the structure set up and supervised by the International Committee for Future Accelerators (ICFA). It represents a request for comment to the international community in all relevant disciplines, scientific, technical and most importantly, political. Many areas require further study and some, in particular the site selection process, have not yet progressed sufficiently to be addressed in detail in this document. Discussion raised by this document will be vital in framing the final proposals due to be published in 2012 in the Technical Design Report being prepared by the Global Design Effort of the ILC.

Foster, B.; /Oxford U.; Barish, B.; /Caltech; Delahaye, J.P.; /CERN; Dosselli, U.; /INFN, Padua; Elsen, E.; /DESY; Harrison, M.; /Brookhaven; Mnich, J.; /DESY; Paterson, J.M.; /SLAC; Richard, F.; /Orsay, LAL; Stapnes, S.; /CERN; Suzuki, A.; /KEK, Tsukuba; Wormser, G.; /Orsay, LAL; Yamada, S.; /KEK, Tsukuba

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

397

Phenomenology of the minimal $B-L$ Model: the Higgs sector at the Large Hadron Collider and future Linear Colliders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Thesis is devoted to the study of the phenomenology of the Higgs sector of the minimal $B-L$ extension of the Standard Model at present and future colliders. Firstly, the motivations that call for the minimal $B-L$ extension are summarised. In addition, the model is analysed in its salient parts. Moreover, a detailed review of the phenomenological allowed Higgs sector parameter space is given. Finally, a complete survey of the distinctive Higgs boson signatures of the model at both the Large Hadron Collider and the future linear colliders is presented.

Giovanni Marco Pruna

2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

398

The Next Linear Collider Klystron Development Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Klystrons capable of 75 MW output power at 11.4 GHz have been under development at SLAC for the last decade. The work has been part of the program to realize all the components necessary for the construction of the Next Linear Collider (NLC). The effort has produced a family of solenoid-focused 50 MW klystrons, which are currently powering a 0.5 GeV test accelerator at SLAC and several test stands, where high power components are evaluated and fundamental research is performed studying rf breakdown and dark current production. Continuing development has resulted in a Periodic Permanent Magnet (PPM) focused 50 MW klystron, tested at SLAC and subsequently contracted for manufacture by industry in England and Japan. A 75 MW version of that PPM klystron was built at SLAC and reached 75 MW, with 2.8 microsecond pulses. Based on this design, a prototype 75 MW klystron, designed for low-cost manufacture, is currently under development at SLAC, and will eventually be procured from industry in modest quantities for ad...

Jongewaard, E; Pearson, C; Phillips, R M; Sprehn, D; Vlieks, A E

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Weak Boson Emission in Hadron Collider Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The O(alpha) virtual weak radiative corrections to many hadron collider processes are known to become large and negative at high energies, due to the appearance of Sudakov-like logarithms. At the same order in perturbation theory, weak boson emission diagrams contribute. Since the W and Z bosons are massive, the O(alpha) virtual weak radiative corrections and the contributions from weak boson emission are separately finite. Thus, unlike in QED or QCD calculations, there is no technical reason for including gauge boson emission diagrams in calculations of electroweak radiative corrections. In most calculations of the O(alpha) electroweak radiative corrections, weak boson emission diagrams are therefore not taken into account. Another reason for not including these diagrams is that they lead to final states which differ from that of the original process. However, in experiment, one usually considers partially inclusive final states. Weak boson emission diagrams thus should be included in calculations of electroweak radiative corrections. In this paper, I examine the role of weak boson emission in those processes at the Fermilab Tevatron and the CERN LHC for which the one-loop electroweak radiative corrections are known to become large at high energies (inclusive jet, isolated photon, Z+1 jet, Drell-Yan, di-boson, t-bar t, and single top production). In general, I find that the cross section for weak boson emission is substantial at high energies and that weak boson emission and the O(alpha) virtual weak radiative corrections partially cancel.

U. Baur

2006-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

400

Cryogenics for the Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC), a 26.7 km circumference superconducting accelerator equipped with high-field magnets operating in superfluid helium below 1.9 K, has now fully entered construction at CERN, the European Laboratory for Particle Physics. The heart of the LHC cryogenic system is the quasi-isothermal magnet cooling scheme, in which flowing two-phase saturated superfluid helium removes the heat load from the 36'000 ton cold mass, immersed in some 400 m3 static pressurised superfluid helium. The LHC also makes use of supercritical helium for non-isothermal cooling of the beam screens which intercept most of the dynamic heat loads at higher temperature. Although not used in normal operation, liquid nitrogen will provide the source of refrigeration for precooling the machine. Refrigeration for the LHC is produced in eight large refrigerators, each with an equivalent capacity of about 18 kW at 4.5 K, completed by 1.8 K refrigeration units making use of several stages of hydrodynamic cold compressors. T...

Lebrun, P

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Cryogenics for the Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC), a 26.7 km circumference superconducting accelerator equipped with high-field magnets operating in superfluid helium below 1.9 K, has now fully entered construction at CERN, the European Laboratory for Particle Physics. The heart of the LHC cryogenic system is the quasi-isothermal magnet cooling scheme, in which flowing two-phase saturated superfluid helium removes the heat load from the 36000 ton cold mass, immersed in some 400 m/sup 3/ static pressurised superfluid helium. The LHC also makes use of supercritical helium for nonisothermal cooling of the beam screens which intercept most of the dynamic heat loads at higher temperature. Although not used in normal operation, liquid nitrogen will provide the source of refrigeration for precooling the machine. Refrigeration for the LHC is produced in eight large refrigerators, each with an equivalent capacity of about 18 kW at 4.5 K, completed by 1.8 K refrigeration units making use of several stages of hydrodynamic cold compressor...

Lebrun, P

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Jets in heavy ion collisions with ATLAS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy loss of high-p_T partons provides insight into the transport properties of the medium created in relativistic heavy ion collisions. Evidence for this energy loss was first experimentally established through observation of high-p_T hadron suppression at RHIC. More recently, measurements of fully reconstructed jets have been performed at the LHC. In this summary the latest experimental results from the ATLAS collaboration on jet suppression are presented. In particular the jet suppression in inclusive jet yields, path length dependence of the jet suppression, photon-jet and Z^0-jet correlations, heavy flavor suppression, and jet fragmentation are discussed. These results establish qualitative features of the jet quenching mechanism as experimental fact and provide constraints on models of jet energy loss.

Martin Spousta; for the ATLAS Collaboration

2012-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

403

Long-Range And Head-On Beam-Beam Compensation Studies in RHIC With Lessons for the LHC  

SciTech Connect

Long-range as well as head-on beam-beam effects are expected to limit the LHC performance with design parameters. They are are also important consideration for the LHC upgrades. To mitigate long-range effects, current carrying wires parallel to the beam were proposed. Two such wires are installed in RHIC where they allow studying the effect of strong long-range beam-beam effects, as well as the compensation of a single long-range interaction. The tests provide benchmark data for simulations and analytical treatments. Electron lenses were proposed for both RHIC and the LHC to reduce the head-on beam-beam effect. We present the experimental long-range beam-beam program at RHIC and report on head-on compensations studies based on simulations.

Fischer, W.; Luo, Y.; Abreu, N.; Calaga, R.; Montag, C.; Robert-Demolaize, G.; /Brookhaven; Dorda, U.; Koutchouk, J.P.; Sterbini, G.; Zimmermann, F.; /CERN; Kim, H.J.; Sen, T.; Shiltsev, V.; Valishev, A.; /Fermilab; Qiang, J.; /LBL, Berkeley; Kabel, A.; /SLAC

2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

404

First Beam for Large Hadron Collider | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Beam for Large Hadron Collider Beam for Large Hadron Collider First Beam for Large Hadron Collider September 10, 2008 - 3:20pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - An international collaboration of scientists today sent the first beam of protons zooming at nearly the speed of light around the world's most powerful particle accelerator-the Large Hadron Collider (LHC)-located at the CERN laboratory near Geneva, Switzerland. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) invested a total $531 million in the construction of the accelerator and its detectors, which scientists believe could help unlock extraordinary discoveries about the nature of the physical universe. Celebrations across the U.S. and around the world mark the LHC's first circulating beam, an occasion more than 15 years in the making. An

405

Neutrino alternatives for missing energy events at colliders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

If the dark matter consists of a weakly interacting massive particle, it can be produced and studied at future collider experiments like those at the LHC. The production of collider-stable weakly interacting massive particles is characterized by hard scattering events with large missing transverse energy. Here we emphasize and discuss the fact that the discovery of events inconsistent with the standard model with large missing transverse energy need not point to the existence of new, collider-stable particles. We explore an alternative explanation where the only sources of missing transverse energy are standard model neutrinos. We present concrete examples of such scenarios, focusing on supersymmetric models with R-parity violation. We also discuss means of differentiating neutrino missing energy signals from the production of new collider-stable particles. These include both model-dependent signals, such as particle tags and flavor counts, as well as model-independent tests that attempt to measure the missing particle mass.

Spencer Chang and Andr de Gouva

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

406

Beam Measurements on Argonne Linac for Collider Injector Design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 20 MeV electron linac at Argonne produces 5 1010 electrons in a single bunch. This amount of charge per bunch is required for the proposed single pass collider at SLAC. For this reason the characteristics o...

G. Mavrogenes; M. B. James; R. F. Koontz

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Global QCD Analysis and Collider Phenomenology--CTEQ  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An overview is given of recent progress on a variety of fronts in the global QCD analysis of the parton structure of the nucleon and its implication for collider phenomenology, carried out by various subgroups of the CTEQ collaboration.

Wu-Ki Tung; H. L. Lai; J. Pumplin; P. Nadolsky; C. -P. Yuan

2007-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

408

June 30, 2008: US portion of Large Hadron Collider completed  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

June 30, 2008The Department and the National Science Foundation announce that the U.S. contribution to the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) has been completed on budget and ahead of schedule. The LHC,...

409

Accelerator Physics of a Muon Collider Kirk T. McDonald  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.edu October 20, 1998 Seminar at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Muon Collider main page: http(Some) Accelerator Physics of a Muon Collider Kirk T. McDonald Princeton U. mcdonald@puphep.princeton.html Princeton Muon Collider page: http://puhep1.princeton.edu/mumu/ 1 #12; What is a Muon Collider

McDonald, Kirk

410

Accelerator Physics of a Muon Collider Kirk T. McDonald  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.edu October 20, 1998 Seminar at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Muon Collider main page: http(Some) Accelerator Physics of a Muon Collider Kirk T. McDonald Princeton U. mcdonald@puphep.princeton.html Princeton Muon Collider page: http://puhep1.princeton.edu/mumu/ 1 #12;What is a Muon Collider

McDonald, Kirk

411

Has the QCD Critical Point been Signaled by Observations at RHIC ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The shear viscosity to entropy ratio ($\\eta/s$) is estimated for the hot and dense QCD matter created in Au+Au collisions at RHIC ($\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV). A very low value is found $\\eta/s \\sim 0.1$, which is close to the absolute lower bound ($1/4\\pi$). It is argued that such a low value is indicative of thermodynamic trajectories for the decaying matter which lie close to the QCD critical end point.

Lacey, R A; Alexander, J M; Chung, P; Danielewicz, P; Holzmann, W G; Issah, M; Stcker, H; Taranenko, A; Lacey, Roy A.; Stocker, Horst

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Has the QCD Critical Point been Signaled by Observations at RHIC ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The shear viscosity to entropy ratio ($\\eta/s$) is estimated for the hot and dense QCD matter created in Au+Au collisions at RHIC ($\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV). A very low value is found $\\eta/s \\sim 0.1$, which is close to the conjectured lower bound ($1/4\\pi$). It is argued that such a low value is indicative of thermodynamic trajectories for the decaying matter which lie close to the QCD critical end point.

Roy A. Lacey; N. N. Ajitanand; J. M. Alexander; P. Chung; W. G. Holzmann; M. Issah; A. Taranenko; P. Danielewicz; Horst Stocker

2006-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

413

Proceedings of RIKEN BNL Research Center Workshop entitled Hydrodynamics in Heavy Ion Collisions and QCD Equation of State (Volume 88)  

SciTech Connect

The interpretation of relativistic heavy-ion collisions at RHIC energies with thermal concepts is largely based on the relative success of ideal (nondissipative) hydrodynamics. This approach can describe basic observables at RHIC, such as particle spectra and momentum anisotropies, fairly well. On the other hand, recent theoretical efforts indicate that dissipation can play a significant role. Ideally viscous hydrodynamic simulations would extract, if not only the equation of state, but also transport coefficients from RHIC data. There has been a lot of progress with solving relativistic viscous hydrodynamics. There are already large uncertainties in ideal hydrodynamics calculations, e.g., uncertainties associated with initial conditions, freezeout, and the simplified equations of state typically utilized. One of the most sensitive observables to the equation of state is the baryon momentum anisotropy, which is also affected by freezeout assumptions. Up-to-date results from lattice quantum chromodynamics on the transition temperature and equation of state with realistic quark masses are currently available. However, these have not yet been incorporated into the hydrodynamic calculations. Therefore, the RBRC workshop 'Hydrodynamics in Heavy Ion Collisions and QCD Equation of State' aimed at getting a better understanding of the theoretical frameworks for dissipation and near-equilibrium dynamics in heavy-ion collisions. The topics discussed during the workshop included techniques to solve the dynamical equations and examine the role of initial conditions and decoupling, as well as the role of the equation of state and transport coefficients in current simulations.

Karsch,F.; Kharzeev, D.; Molnar, K.; Petreczky, P.; Teaney, D.

2008-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

414

Fusion Reactions in Self-Colliding Orbits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A principle for a small nonplasma fusion device is proposed. Energetic ions are injected through the center of a Precetron-type magnetic field. An organized non-Maxwellian mixture ("migma") of particles having a central high-density region results. The collisions are predominantly head-on and Coulomb scattering effects significantly reduced. It is shown that the device can become critical, although, in the examples considered here, only at microwatt levels.

Bogdan C. Magli?; John P. Blewett; Anthony P. Colleraine; W. Craig Harrison

1971-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

415

On Field Emission in High Energy Colliders Initiated by a Relativistic Positively Charged Bunch of Particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design of the LHC and future colliders aims their operation with high intensity beams, with bunch population, $N_p$, of the order of $10^{11}$. This is dictated by a desire to study very rare processes with maximum data sample. HEP colliders are engineering structures of many kilometers in length, whose transverse compactness is achieved by the application of the superconducting technologies and limitations of cost. However the compactness of the structural elements conceals and potential danger for the stable work of the accelerator. This is because a high intensity beam of positively charged particles (protons, positrons, ions) creates around itself an electric self-field of very high intensity, $10^5 - 10^6$ V/cm. Being located near the conducting surfaces, at the distances of 1-20 mm away from them, the field of such bunches activates the field emission of electrons from the surface. These electrons, in addition to electrons from the ionization of residual gases, secondary electrons and electrons knocked out by synchrotron radiation, contribute to the development of a dense electron cloud in the transport line. The particles of the bunch, being scattered on the dense electron cloud with $N_e\\sim N_p$, leaves the beam and may cause noticeable damage. The paper presents an analysis of the conditions, under which the field emission in the LHC collimator system may become a serious problem. The analogous analysis of a prototype of the International Linear Collider (ILC) project, USLC, reveals that a noticeable field emission will accompany positron bunches on their entire path during acceleration.

B. B. Levchenko

2006-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

416

PROCEEDINGS OF RIKEN BNL RESEARCH CENTER WORKSHOP, RHIC SPIN PHYSICS V, VOLUME 32, FEBRUARY 21, 2001.  

SciTech Connect

The RIKEN BNL Research Center (RBRC) was established in April 1997 at Brookhaven National Laboratory. It is funded by the ''Rikagaku Kenkysho'' (RIKEN, The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research) of Japan. The Center is dedicated to the study of strong interactions, including spin physics, lattice QCD and RHIC physics through the nurturing of a new generation of young physicists. During the fast year, the Center had only a Theory Group. In the second year, an Experimental Group was also established at the Center. At present, there are seven Fellows and nine post dots in these two groups. During the third year, we started a new Tenure Track Strong Interaction Theory RHIC Physics Fellow Program, with six positions in the academic year 1999-2000; this program will increase to include eleven theorists in the next academic year, and, in the year after, also be extended to experimental physics. In addition, the Center has an active workshop program on strong interaction physics, about ten workshops a year, with each workshop focused on a specific physics problem. Each workshop speaker is encouraged to select few of the most important transparencies from his or her presentation, accompanied by a page of explanation. This material is collected at the end of the workshop by the organizer to form proceedings, which can therefore be available within a short time. The construction of a 0.6 teraflop parallel processor, which was begun at the Center on February 19, 1998, was completed on August 28, 1998.

BUNCE,G.; SAITO,N.; VIGDOR,S.; ROSER,T.; SPINKA,H.; ENYO,H.; BLAND,L.C.; GURYN,W.

2001-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

417

Studies and proposed changes to the RHIC p-Carbon polarimeters for the upcoming RUN-11  

SciTech Connect

The RHIC polarized proton complex utilizes polarimeters in each of the Blue and Yellow beams that measure the beam polarization through the p-Carbon elastic scattering process in the Coulomb Nuclear Interference kinematic region. This along with a Polarized Hydrogen Jet Target that utilizes the proton-proton elastic scattering process to first measure the analyzing power of the reaction and using the reverse process to measure the beam polarization. The latter is used to calibrate the p-Carbon polarimeters at the desired beam energy. In Run 9 RHIC ran with beams at center-of-mass energies of 200 and 500 GeV respectively. The higher beam intensities as well as the fact that the 250 GeV beam size is much smaller than that at 100 GeV resulted in significantly higher rates seen by the polarimeters and led to observed instability. In this paper, we will discuss the problems encountered and the tests that were carried out using the AGS as a proxy in an attempt to solve the problems and the path forward we took towards the upcoming polarized proton Run11.

Makdisi, Y.; Alekseev, I.; Aschenauer, E.; Atoian, G.; Bazilevsky, A.; Gill, R.; Huang, H.; Morozov, B.; Svirida, D.; Yip, K.; Zelenski, A.

2010-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

418

Bulk matter physics and its future at the Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurements at low transverse momentum will be performed at the LHC for studying particle production mechanisms in $pp$ and heavy-ion collisions. Some of the experimental capabilities for bulk matter physics are presented, focusing on tracking elements and particle identification. In order to anticipate the study of baryon production for both colliding systems at multi-TeV energies, measurements for identified species and recent model extrapolations are discussed. Several mechanisms are expected to compete for hadro-production in the low momentum region. For this reason, experimental observables that could be used for investigating multi-parton interactions and help understanding the "underlying event" content in the first $pp$ collisions at the LHC are also mentioned.

B. Hippolyte

2009-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

419

Beam-strahlung effects in e-p collider  

SciTech Connect

The electromagnetic fields produced by one beam in an interaction point of a colliding-beam facility cause to the emission of synchrotron radiation by the other beam. This effect, the beam strahlung, for the e+e/sup -/ colliders has been considered by several authors, and they have pointed out that the effect is very important consideration at very-high-energy e+e/sup -/ colliders. At the first glance, the beam-strahlung effect can play an important role in the e-p collision due to the fact that the circulating currents in the collider are much higher than those of the e+e/sup -/ machine. However the detailed study shows that is not the case because of the collision geometry involved. What follows in this note is the beam-strahlung derivations using the method previously used by Hofmann and Keil. The difference between this note and that of Hofman and Keil is that in the case of e+e/sup -/ collider, equal mass particles are involved in the consideration and, in the e-p case, the electrons radiate and the protons provide the electromagnetic fields.

Cho, Y.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Transverse beams stability studies at the Large Hadron Collider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A charged particle beam travelling at the speed of light produces large electromagnetic wake fields which, through interactions with its surroundings, act back on the particles in the beam. This coupled system may become unstable, resulting in a deterioration of the beam quality. Such effects play a major role in most existing storage rings, as they limit the maximum performance achievable. In a collider, the presence of a second beam significantly changes the dynamics, as the electromagnetic interactions of the two beams on each other are usually very strong and may, also, limit the collider performances. This thesis treats the coherent stability of the two beams in a circular collider, including the effects of the electromagnetic wake fields and of the beam-beam interactions, with particular emphasis on CERN's Large Hadron Collider. As opposed to other colliders, this machine features a large number of bunches per beam each experiencing multiple long-range and head-on beam-beam interactions. Existing models...

Buffat, Xavier; Pieloni, Tatiana

2015-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Charge Fluctuations as Thermometer for Heavy-Ion Collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a determination of freeze-out conditions in heavy-ion collisions based on ratios of cu- mulants of net electric charge fluctuations obtained from lattice QCD. These ratios can reliably be calculated for a wide range of chemical potential values by using a next-to-leading order Taylor series expansion around the limit of vanishing baryon, electric charge and strangeness chemical potentials. We first determine the strangeness and electric charge chemical potentials that characterize the conditions in heavy ion collisions at RHIC and LHC. We then show that a comparison of lattice QCD results for ratios of up to third order cumulants of electric charge fluctuations with experimental results allows us to extract the freeze-out baryon chemical potential and the freeze-out temperature. We apply our method to preliminary data of the STAR and PHENIX collaborations.

Wagner, Mathias

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Charge Fluctuations as Thermometer for Heavy-Ion Collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a determination of freeze-out conditions in heavy-ion collisions based on ratios of cu- mulants of net electric charge fluctuations obtained from lattice QCD. These ratios can reliably be calculated for a wide range of chemical potential values by using a next-to-leading order Taylor series expansion around the limit of vanishing baryon, electric charge and strangeness chemical potentials. We first determine the strangeness and electric charge chemical potentials that characterize the conditions in heavy ion collisions at RHIC and LHC. We then show that a comparison of lattice QCD results for ratios of up to third order cumulants of electric charge fluctuations with experimental results allows us to extract the freeze-out baryon chemical potential and the freeze-out temperature. We apply our method to preliminary data of the STAR and PHENIX collaborations.

Mathias Wagner

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

423

When Galaxies Collide: Ripples Indicate Recent Impact Close to Home |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

When Galaxies Collide: Ripples Indicate Recent Impact Close to Home When Galaxies Collide: Ripples Indicate Recent Impact Close to Home When Galaxies Collide: Ripples Indicate Recent Impact Close to Home June 28, 2012 - 11:16am Addthis This is a graphic representation of the Milky Way, the galaxy in which Earth is contained. Scientists know of more than 20 visible satellite galaxies that circle the center of the Milky Way, with masses ranging from one million to one billion solar masses. Occasionally, one of these orbiting galaxies pass through the Milky Way making waves for millennia. | Graphic courtesy of NASA This is a graphic representation of the Milky Way, the galaxy in which Earth is contained. Scientists know of more than 20 visible satellite galaxies that circle the center of the Milky Way, with masses ranging from

424

Taking the 'Large' out of Large Hadron Collider: Computational Breakthrough  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home » News & Publications » News » Science News » Taking the 'Large' out of Large Hadron Collider Taking the 'Large' out of Large Hadron Collider Computational breakthrough hastens modeling of 'tabletop accelerators' August 9, 2010 | Tags: Accelerator Science Contact: Margie Wylie | mwylie@lbl.gov | 510-486-7421 mori1 This 3D simulation shows how laser pulses create plasma wakes that propel electrons forward, much as a surfer is propelled forward by an ocean wave. Laser wakefield acceleration promises electron accelerators that are thousands of times more powerful than, yet a fraction the size of, conventional radio frequency devices. Particle accelerators like the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN are the big rock stars of high-energy physics-really big. The LHC cost nearly

425

When Galaxies Collide: Ripples Indicate Recent Impact Close to Home |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

When Galaxies Collide: Ripples Indicate Recent Impact Close to Home When Galaxies Collide: Ripples Indicate Recent Impact Close to Home When Galaxies Collide: Ripples Indicate Recent Impact Close to Home June 28, 2012 - 11:16am Addthis This is a graphic representation of the Milky Way, the galaxy in which Earth is contained. Scientists know of more than 20 visible satellite galaxies that circle the center of the Milky Way, with masses ranging from one million to one billion solar masses. Occasionally, one of these orbiting galaxies pass through the Milky Way making waves for millennia. | Graphic courtesy of NASA This is a graphic representation of the Milky Way, the galaxy in which Earth is contained. Scientists know of more than 20 visible satellite galaxies that circle the center of the Milky Way, with masses ranging from

426

Linear Collider Final Focus Magnet Construction | Superconducting Magnet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Linear Collider Final Focus Magnet Construction Linear Collider Final Focus Magnet Construction The final focus magnets for the International Linear Collider require very small quadrupoles be placed within the detector background field for both the entrance and exit beams. The use of superconducting magnets for this function provide solutions to several problems confronting the machine designers. One constraint is the operation within the 3 tesla detector field. The direct wind magnets are capable of operation without the use of magnetic materials in their construction, making them ideal for compact focussing solutions within detectors. The second constraint is the small physical size dictated by the crossing angle of the beams and proximity to the IR within the detector solenoid. The Direct Wind design does not require a collar to withstand Lorentz

427

Massive Stars in Colliding Wind Systems: the GLAST Perspective  

SciTech Connect

Colliding winds of massive stars in binary systems are considered as candidate sites of high-energy non-thermal photon emission. They are already among the suggested counterparts for a few individual unidentified EGRET sources, but may constitute a detectable source population for the GLAST observatory. The present work investigates such population study of massive colliding wind systems at high-energy gamma-rays. Based on the recent detailed model (Reimer et al. 2006) for non-thermal photon production in prime candidate systems, we unveil the expected characteristics of this source class in the observables accessible at LAT energies. Combining the broadband emission model with the presently cataloged distribution of such systems and their individual parameters allows us to conclude on the expected maximum number of LAT-detections among massive stars in colliding wind binary systems.

Reimer, Anita; Reimer, Olaf; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

428

PROCEEDINGS OF RIKEN BNL RESEARCH CENTER WORKSHOP, VOLUME 72, RHIC SPIN COLLABORATION MEETINGS XXXI, XXXII, XXXIII.  

SciTech Connect

The RIKEN BNL Research Center (RBRC) was established in April 1997 at Brookhaven National Laboratory. It is funded by the ''Rikagaku Kenkyusho'' (RIKEN, The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research) of Japan. The Center is dedicated to the study of strong interactions, including spin physics, lattice QCD, and RHIC physics through the nurturing of a new generation of young physicists. The RBRC has both a theory and experimental component. At present the theoretical group has 4 Fellows and 3 Research Associates as well as 11 RHIC Physics/University Fellows (academic year 2003-2004). To date there are approximately 30 graduates from the program of which 13 have attained tenure positions at major institutions worldwide. The experimental group is smaller and has 2 Fellows and 3 RHIC Physics/University Fellows and 3 Research Associates, and historically 6 individuals have attained permanent positions. Beginning in 2001 a new RIKEN Spin Program (RSP) category was implemented at RBRC. These appointments are joint positions of RBRC and RIKEN and include the following positions in theory and experiment: RSP Researchers, RSP Research Associates, and Young Researchers, who are mentored by senior RBRC Scientists. A number of RIKEN Jr. Research Associates and Visiting Scientists also contribute to the physics program at the Center. RBRC has an active workshop program on strong interaction physics with each workshop focused on a specific physics problem. Each workshop speaker is encouraged to select a few of the most important transparencies from his or her presentation, accompanied by a page of explanation. This material is collected at the end of the workshop by the organizer to form proceedings, which can therefore be available within a short time. To date there are seventy-two proceeding volumes available. The construction of a 0.6 teraflops parallel processor, dedicated to lattice QCD, begun at the Center on February 19, 1998, was completed on August 28, 1998 and is still operational. A 10 teraflops QCDOC computer in under construction and expected to be completed this year.

OGAWA, A.

2005-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

429

A concept of the photon collider beam dump  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photon beams at photon colliders are very narrow, powerful (10--15 MW) and cannot be spread by fast magnets (because photons are neutral). No material can withstand such energy density. For the ILC-based photon collider, we suggest using a 150 m long, pressurized (P ~ 4 atm) argon gas target in front of a water absorber which solves the overheating and mechanical stress problems. The neutron background at the interaction point is estimated and additionally suppressed using a 20 m long hydrogen gas target in front of the argon.

L. I. Shekhtman; V. I. Telnov

2014-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

430

Charge recombination in the muon collider cooling channel  

SciTech Connect

The final stage of the ionization cooling channel for the muon collider must transversely recombine the positively and negatively charged bunches into a single beam before the muons can be accelerated. It is particularly important to minimize any emittance growth in this system since no further cooling takes place before the bunches are collided. We have found that emittance growth could be minimized by using symmetric pairs of bent solenoids and careful matching. We show that a practical design can be found that has transmission {approx}99%, emittance growth less than 0.1%, and minimal dispersion in the recombined bunches.

Fernow, R. C.; Palmer, R. B. [Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

431

High Energy Colliders as Tools to Understand the Early Universe  

SciTech Connect

Cosmological observations have reached a new era of precision, and reveal many interesting and puzzling features of the Universe. I will briefly review two of the most exciting mysteries: the nature of the dark components of the Universe, and the origin of the asymmetry between matter and anti-matter. I will argue that our best hope of unraveling these questions will need to combine information from the heavens with measurements in the lab at high energy particle accelerators. The end of run II of the Tevatron, the up-coming Large Hadron Collider and proposed International Linear Collider all have great potential to help us answer these questions in the near future.

Tait, Tim (ANL) [ANL

2008-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

432

Optical data transmission at the superconducting super collider  

SciTech Connect

Digital and analog data transmissions via fiber optics for the Superconducting Super Collider have been investigated. The state of the art of optical transmitters, low loss fiber waveguides, receivers and associated electronics components are reviewed and summarized. Emphasis is placed on the effects of the radiation environment on the performance of an optical data transmission system components. Also, the performance of candidate components of the wide band digital and analog transmission systems intended for deployment of the Superconducting Super Collider Detector is discussed. 27 refs., 15 figs.

Leskovar, B.

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF): Data from B Hadrons Research  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF) is a Tevatron experiment at Fermilab. The Tevatron, a powerful particle accelerator, accelerates protons and antiprotons close to the speed of light, and then makes them collide head-on inside the CDF detector. The CDF detector is used to study the products of such collisions. The CDF Physics Group is organized into six working groups, each with a specific focus. The Bottom group studies the production and decay of B hadrons. Their public web page makes data and numerous figures available from both CDF Runs I and II.

434

Hunting the Quark Gluon Plasma ASSESSMENTS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hunting the Quark Gluon Plasma Hunting the Quark Gluon Plasma ASSESSMENTS BY THE EXPERIMENTAL COLLABORATIONS Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) * Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11974-5000 RESULTS FROM THE FIRST 3 YEARS AT RHIC managed for the U.S. Department of Energy by Brookhaven Science Associates, a company founded by Stony Brook University and Battelle April 18, 2005 BNL -73847-2005 Formal Report

435

Construction and Expected Performance of the Hadron Blind Detector for the PHENIX Experiment at RHIC  

SciTech Connect

A new hadron blind detector (HBD) for electron identification in high density hadron environment has been installed in the PHENIX experiment at RHIC in the fall of 2006. The HBD will identify low momentum electron-positron pairs to reduce the combinatorial background in the e{sup +}e{sup -} mass spectrum, mainly in the region below 1 GeV/c2. The HBD is a windowless proximity-focusing Cherenkov detector with a radiator length of 50 cm, a CsI photocathode and three layers of gas electron multipliers (GEM). Pure CF4 is used as a radiator and a detector gas. This proceeding describes the construction details and the expected performance of the HBD.

Milov, A. [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); Awes, Terry C [ORNL; Batsouli, Sotiria [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) & Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Cianciolo, Vince [ORNL; Efremenko, Yuri [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) & Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Read Jr, Kenneth F [ORNL; Silvermyr, David O [ORNL; Sorensen, Soren P [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Stankus, Paul W [ORNL; Young, Glenn R [ORNL; Zhang, Chun [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) & Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); PHENIX, Collaboration [The

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Recent Results from PHENIX Experiment at RHIC: Exploring the QCD Medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review some important results from the PHENIX experiment at RHIC. They were obtained in a unique environment for studying QCD bulk matter at temperatures and densities that sur- pass the limits where hadrons exist as individual entities, so raising to prominence the quark- gluon degrees of freedom. We present measurements of nuclear modification factors for neutral pions, light favors (strange hadrons), direct-photons and non-photonic electrons from decays of particles carrying charm or beauty quarks. We interpret the large suppression of hadron produc- tion at high transverse momenta as resulting from a large energy loss by the precursor parton on its path through the dense matter, primarily driven by gluon radiation. This dense QCD matter responds to energy loss in a pattern consistent with that expected from a hydrodynamic fluid. Further, its elliptic flow measurements suggest that the hadronization of bulk partonic matter exhibits collectivity with effective partonic degrees of freedom. The results are...

Nouicer, Rachid

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Simulation of the High-Pass Filter for 56MHz Cavity for RHIC  

SciTech Connect

The 56MHz Superconducting RF (SRF) cavity for RHIC places high demands High Order Mode (HOM) damping, as well as requiring a high field at gap with fundamental mode frequency. The damper of 56MHz cavity is designed to extract all modes to the resistance load outside, including the fundamental mode. Therefore, the circuit must incorporate a high-pass filter to reflect back the fundamental mode into the cavity. In this paper, we show the good frequency response map obtained from our filter's design. We extract a circuit diagram from the microwave elements that simulate well the frequency spectrum of the finalized filter. We also demonstrate that the power dissipation on the filter over its frequency range is small enough for cryogenic cooling.

Wu, Q.; Ben-Zvi, I.

2010-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

438

Jet absorption and corona effect at RHIC. Extracting collision geometry from experimental data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate a possible existence of a finite formation time of strongly interacting plasma in nuclear collisions at RHIC from recent experimental data. To show this, we use a simple model based on Monte Carlo simulation of nucleus-nucleus collisions with realistic nuclear density distribution. The most striking feature of the experimental data - an absence of absorption of high transverse momentum pions in the reaction plane direction for mid-peripheral collisions - points to the presence of a surface zone with no absorption and strong suppression in the inner core. A natural interpretation of such a zone could be the plasma formation time T~2-3 fm/c. The existence of a formation time could dramatically change our understanding of many experimentally observed features. With this assumption we describe the angular anisotropy of high transverse momentum pions with respect to the reaction plane and the centrality dependence of nuclear modification factor in Au+Au and Cu+Cu collisions.

V. S. Pantuev

2005-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

439

Diffractive production of charm quark/antiquark pairs at RHIC and LHC  

SciTech Connect

We have discussed single and central diffractive production of c(bar sign)c pairs in the Ingelman-Schlein model. In these calculations we have included diffractive parton distributions obtained by the H1 collaboration at HERA and absorption effects neglected in some early calculations in the literature. The absorption effects which are responsible for the naive Regge factorization breaking cause that the cross section for diffractive processes is much smaller than that for the fully inclusive case, but could be measured at RHIC and LHC by imposing special condition on rapidity gaps. We discuss also different approaches to diffractive production of heavy quark/antiquark [1, 2, 3]. The particular mechanism is similar to the diffractive dissociation of virtual photons into quarks, which drives diffractive deep inelastic production of charm in the low-mass diffraction, or large {beta}-region.

Luszczak, Marta [University of Rzeszow, PL-35-959 Rzeszow (Poland); Szczurek, Antoni [Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, PL-31-342 Cracow and University of Rzeszow, PL-35-959 Rzeszow (Poland)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

High-energy colliders and the rise of the standard model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... in 1983, by the UA1 and UA2 experiments at the 560640-GeV Super Proton Synchroton (SPS) protonantiproton collider at CERN a collider project that was conceived for ...

Terry Wyatt

2007-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

E-Print Network 3.0 - asymmetric colliding nuclei Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

colliding nuclei Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: asymmetric colliding nuclei Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 managed for the U.S....

442

MERCURY HANDLING FOR THE TARGET SYSTEM FOR A MUON COLLIDER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MERCURY HANDLING FOR THE TARGET SYSTEM FOR A MUON COLLIDER (IPAC12, WEPPD038) The target station a 15-20 T superconducting magnet. The target itself is a free mercury jet, moving at 20 m/s at an small angle to the magnetic axis, so as later to be collected in a mercury pool/beam dump. The replaceable

McDonald, Kirk

443

MERCURY HANDLING FOR THE TARGET SYSTEM FOR A MUON COLLIDER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MERCURY HANDLING FOR THE TARGET SYSTEM FOR A MUON COLLIDER Van Graves , ORNL, Oak Ridge, TN 37830 Factory is a free-stream mercury jet within a 20-T magnetic field being impacted by an 8-GeV proton beam. A pool of mercury serves as a receiving reservoir for the mercury and a dump for the unexpended proton

McDonald, Kirk

444

High-energy physics: New collider gets the nod  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... suggestion made was that member states might temporarily forgo about one half of a special rebate that has become payable this year with the accession to the organization of Spain. ... that has become payable this year with the accession to the organization of Spain. The rebate would instead be made upon the completion of LEP, CERN's electron-positron collider ...

Tim Beardsley

1983-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

445

LINEAR COLLIDER FINAL DOUBLET CONSIDERATIONS: ATF2 VIBRATION MEASUREMENTS*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LINEAR COLLIDER FINAL DOUBLET CONSIDERATIONS: ATF2 VIBRATION MEASUREMENTS* B. Bolzon# , N. Geffroy to measure medium frequency vibrations in vertical axis. First, ground motion was measured for 72 hours vibrations (with their supports) were measured to evaluate their rigidity. The correlation of QD0 and QF1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

446

PROTON BEAM REQUIREMENTS FOR A NEUTRINO FACTORY AND MUON COLLIDER  

SciTech Connect

Both a Neutrino Factory and a Muon Collider place stringent demands on the proton beam used to generate the desired beam of muons. Here we discuss the advantages and challenges of muon accelerators and the rationale behind the requirements on proton beam energy, intensity, bunch length, and repetition rate. Example proton driver configurations that have been considered in recent years are also briefly indicated.

Zisman, Michael S.

2009-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

447

AN INTENSE LOW ENERGY MUON SOURCE FOR THE MUON COLLIDER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN INTENSE LOW ENERGY MUON SOURCE FOR THE MUON COLLIDER D. Taqqu Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, CH Abstract A scheme for obtaining an intense source of low energy muons is described. It is based of the decay muons an intense intermediate energy muon beam is obtained. For the specific case of negative

McDonald, Kirk

448

VEPP-2000 COLLIDER CONTROL SYSTEM* A.Senchenko1,#  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Russia Abstract Electron-positron collider VEPP-2000 has been commissioned at Budker Institute of Nuclear of quadrupole. To avoid dispersion in the detectors, RF cavity and injection straights, a pair of dipoles families of sextupole magnets located in the technical straight section, where the dispersion is high

Kozak, Victor R.

449

Muon Collider R&D at Princeton Shoibal Chakravarty (graduate student)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Muon Collider R&D at Princeton Shoibal Chakravarty (graduate student) Hulya Guler (undergraduate) Changguo Lu Kirk McDonald Eric Prebys Sven Vahsen (graduate student) [Members of the Muon Collider Advisory Council Meeting Princeton Muon Collider page: http://puhep1.princeton.edu/mumu/ 1 #12; What

McDonald, Kirk

450

MUON COLLIDER PROGRESS Robert B. Palmer (BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MUON COLLIDER PROGRESS Robert B. Palmer (BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York) Abstract A complete scheme for muon production, cooling, ac- celeration and storage in a collider ring is presented. Pa- rameters for two muon colliders are given. Both start with pion production on a mercury target. A capture

McDonald, Kirk

451

Time evolution of colliding laser produced magnesium plasmas investigated using a pinhole camera  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

suitable conditions for x-ray amplification in a laser produced plasma.24 When two plasmas collide, variTime evolution of colliding laser produced magnesium plasmas investigated using a pinhole camera S for publication 14 February 2001 Time resolved studies of colliding laser produced magnesium plasmas are performed

Harilal, S. S.

452

Physics and Analysis at a Hadron Collider - An Introduction (1/3)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

This is the first lecture of three which together discuss the physics of hadron colliders with an emphasis on experimental techniques used for data analysis. This first lecture provides a brief introduction to hadron collider physics and collider detector experiments as well as offers some analysis guidelines. The lectures are aimed at graduate students.

None

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

453

Linear Collider Final Focus Magnet Construction | Superconducting Magnet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Single Strand Superconductor Windings Single Strand Superconductor Windings Initial direct wind quad coils were constructed using 13 mil diameter single strand wire. This wire provides the smallest coil patterns possible, with quad coils wound easily onto .75 inch (19mm) diameter support tubes. The 13mil diameter superconductor gives the smallest coils possible, the penalty being higher inductance and smaller transfer function, but allowing lower operational currents. long model magnet Figure 1 shows the first one foot long model magnet constructed using the 11 axis ultrasonic wiring machine with 13 mil superconducting wire, the same wire previously used for the 472 RHIC Corrector packages. Existing stock materials were used in the construction, and the coil pattern was not optimized for harmonics, but to put as many coil turns onto the tube as

454

Nuclear shadowing and prompt photons at relativistic hadron colliders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The production of prompt photons at high energies provides a direct probe of the dynamics of the strong interactions. In particular, one expect that it could be used to constrain the behavior of the nuclear gluon distribution in $pA$ and $AA$ collisions. In this letter we investigate the influence of nuclear effects in the production of prompt photons and estimate the transverse momentum dependence of the nuclear ratios $R_{pA} = {\\frac{d\\sigma (pA)}{dy d^2 p_T}} / A {\\frac{d\\sigma (pp)}{dy d^2 p_T}}$ and $R_{AA} = {\\frac{d\\sigma (AA)}{dy d^2 p_T}} / A^2 {\\frac{d\\sigma (pp)}{dy d^2 p_T}}$ at RHIC and LHC energies. We demonstrate that the study of these observables can be useful to determine the magnitude of the shadowing and antishadowing effects in the nuclear gluon distribution.

C. Brenner Mariotto; V. P. Goncalves

2008-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

455

Jet Reconstruction in Heavy Ion Collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurements of strong suppression of inclusive hadron distributions and di-hadron correlations at high $p_{T}$, while providing evidence for partonic energy loss, also suffer from geometric biases due to the competition of energy loss and fragmentation. The measurements of fully reconstructed jets is expected to lack these biases as the energy flow is measured independently of the fragmentation details. In this article, we review the recent results from the heavy ion collisions collected by the STAR experiment at RHIC on direct jet reconstruction utilizing the modern sequential recombination and cone jet reconstruction algorithms together with their background subtraction techniques. In order to assess the jet reconstruction biases a comparison with the jet cross section measurement in $\\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV p+p collisions scaled by the number of binary nucleon-nucleon collisions to account for nuclear geometric effects is performed. Comparison of the inclusive jet cross section obtained in central Au+Au events with that in $p+p$ collisions, published previously by STAR, suggests that unbiased jet reconstruction in the complex heavy ion environment indeed may be possible.

Sevil Salur

2009-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

456

Proceedings of the 1992 workshops on high-energy physics with colliding beams. Volume 1, Search for new phenomena at colliding-beam facilities  

SciTech Connect

This report contains brief papers and viewgraphs on high energy topics like: supersymmetry; new gauge bosons; and new high energy colliders.

Rogers, J. [ed.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

457

LINEAR COLLIDER PHYSICS RESOURCE BOOK FOR SNOWMASS 2001.  

SciTech Connect

The American particle physics community can look forward to a well-conceived and vital program of experimentation for the next ten years, using both colliders and fixed target beams to study a wide variety of pressing questions. Beyond 2010, these programs will be reaching the end of their expected lives. The CERN LHC will provide an experimental program of the first importance. But beyond the LHC, the American community needs a coherent plan. The Snowmass 2001 Workshop and the deliberations of the HEPAP subpanel offer a rare opportunity to engage the full community in planning our future for the next decade or more. A major accelerator project requires a decade from the beginning of an engineering design to the receipt of the first data. So it is now time to decide whether to begin a new accelerator project that will operate in the years soon after 2010. We believe that the world high-energy physics community needs such a project. With the great promise of discovery in physics at the next energy scale, and with the opportunity for the uncovering of profound insights, we cannot allow our field to contract to a single experimental program at a single laboratory in the world. We believe that an e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} linear collider is an excellent choice for the next major project in high-energy physics. Applying experimental techniques very different from those used at hadron colliders, an e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} linear collider will allow us to build on the discoveries made at the Tevatron and the LHC, and to add a level of precision and clarity that will be necessary to understand the physics of the next energy scale. It is not necessary to anticipate specific results from the hadron collider programs to argue for constructing an e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} linear collider; in any scenario that is now discussed, physics will benefit from the new information that e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} experiments can provide.

ABE,T.; DAWSON,S.; HEINEMEYER,S.; MARCIANO,W.; PAIGE,F.; TURCOT,A.S.; ET AL

2001-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

458

Local Measurement of NonClassical Ion Heating During Magnetic Reconnection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??enic flows [9]. In SSX (Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment), Alfv??enic ion jets correlated with reconnection, reconnection occurs when two spheromaks collide at a substantial fraction of the Alfv??en speed. Thus, e#ects such as compressional heating or conversion of the translational energy of the spheromaks could complicate

459

Local Measurement of Non-Classical Ion Heating During Magnetic Reconnection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

´enic flows [9]. In SSX (Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment), Alfv´enic ion jets correlated with reconnection, reconnection occurs when two spheromaks collide at a substantial fraction of the Alfv´en speed. Thus, effects such as compressional heating or conversion of the translational energy of the spheromaks could complicate

460

Low Energy Nuclear Structure from Ultra-relativistic Heavy-Light Ion collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The search for specific signals in ultra-relativistic heavy-light ion collisions addressing intrinsic geometric features of nuclei may open a new window to low energy nuclear structure. We discuss specifically the phenomenon of {\\alpha}-clustering in $^{12}$C when colliding with $^{208}$Pb at almost the speed of light.

Arriola, Enrique Ruiz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Low Energy Nuclear Structure from Ultra-relativistic Heavy-Light Ion collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The search for specific signals in ultra-relativistic heavy-light ion collisions addressing intrinsic geometric features of nuclei may open a new window to low energy nuclear structure. We discuss specifically the phenomenon of {\\alpha}-clustering in $^{12}$C when colliding with $^{208}$Pb at almost the speed of light.

Enrique Ruiz Arriola; Wojciech Broniowski

2014-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

462

Indications of Conical Emission of Charged Hadrons at the BNL Relativistic HeavyIon Collider  

SciTech Connect

Three-particle azimuthal correlation measurements with a high transverse momentum trigger particle are reported for pp, d + Au, and Au + Au collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 200 GeV by the STAR experiment. Dijet structures are observed in pp, d + Au and peripheral Au + Au collisions. An additional structure is observed in central Au + Au data, signaling conical emission of correlated charged hadrons. The conical emission angle is found to be {theta} = 1.37 {+-} 0.02(stat){sub -0.07}{sup +0.06}(syst), independent of p{sub {perpendicular}}.

STAR Coll

2009-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

463

R&D Toward a Neutrino Factory and Muon Collider  

SciTech Connect

There is considerable interest in the use of muon beams to create either an intense source of decay neutrinos aimed at a detector located 3000-7500 km away (a Neutrino Factory), or a Muon Collider that produces high-luminosity collisions at the energy frontier. R&D aimed at producing these facilities has been under way for more than 10 years. This paper will review experimental results from MuCool, MERIT, and MICE and indicate the extent to which they will provide proof-of-principle demonstrations of the key technologies required for a Neutrino Factory or Muon Collider. Progress in constructing components for the MICE experiment will also be described.

Zisman, Michael S

2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

464

Expectations for old and new physics at high energy colliders  

SciTech Connect

During the past year, the first data from the SPS collider at CERN have become available. The initial results are only a glimpse at a new energy regime and we can reasonably expect an increase in the extent of the data by a factor of 10/sup 4/ to 10/sup 5/. Moreover, within a few years, the Fermilab Tevatron Collider will be in operation with a center of mass energy nearly four times as great as that at CERN. Beyond these machines are other possibilities: a high luminosity pp machine at Brookhaven with a center of mass energy of 0.8 TeV; a p anti p or pp machine in the LEP tunnel at CERN; a desetron in the southwestern United States with many TeV in the center of mass. The purpose of these lectures is to provide an orientation for the wealth of data that these machines will provide.

Cahn, R.N.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Frictional Cooling Scheme for Use in a Muon Collider  

SciTech Connect

The Muon Group at the MPI for Physics, Munich is investigating frictional cooling as a fast muon-beam emittance reduction scheme for a muon collider. A new simulation package, CoolSim, based on Geant4 has been developed for the simulation of low-energy beam cooling. New physics processes for low energy muons and protons have been implemented in the Geant4 framework. The group's Frictional Cooling Demonstration experiment aims to verify the principle of the cooling scheme. For this purpose, a 10-cm-long cooling cell has been constructed to test simulation of the energy loss and scattering mechanisms at low energy. This paper contains an introduction to a muon-collider frictional cooling scheme and the status of the demonstration experiment.

Greenwald, Daniel; Caldwell, Allen [Max-Planck-Insitut fuer Physik, Foehringer Ring 6, 80805 Munich (Germany); Bao, Yu [Max-Planck-Insitut fuer Physik, Foehringer Ring 6, 80805 Munich (Germany); Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China)

2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

466

FAST ION STUDIES OF ION CYCLOTRON HEATING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FAST ION STUDIES OF ION CYCLOTRON HEATING IN THE PLT TOKAMAK Gregory Wayne Hammett;@1986 Gregory Wayne Hammett ALL RIGHTS RESERVED #12;Abstract Fast Ion Studies of Ion Cyclotron Heating about the physics of wave heating. Previous experiments have demonstrated that ion cyclotron heating

Hammett, Greg

467

Multiphase transport model for relativistic heavy ion collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of these results to experimental data, mainly from heavy ion collisions at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, are then made in order to extract information on the properties of the hot dense matter formed in these collisions. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.72... quark and a diquark with weights according to relations from the SU(6) quark model [71], and the diquark is then decomposed into two quarks. The quark and diquark masses are taken to be the same as in the PYTHIA program [59], e.g.,mu = 5.6,md = 9.9...

Lin, ZW; Ko, Che Ming; Li, Ba; Zhang, B.; Pal, S.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

secondary ion detection | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ion detection secondary ion detection Leads No leads are available at this time. Magnesium behavior and structural defects in Mg+ ion implanted silicon carbide. Abstract: As a...

469

Audit of controls over Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory subcontractor expenditures  

SciTech Connect

In January 1989 the Department of Energy contracted with Universities Research Association, Inc. to design, construct, manage, operate, and maintain the Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory. Through Fiscal Year 1992, costs for subcontractor goods and services accounted for about 75 percent of the Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory expenditures. The Office of Inspector General evaluated the adequacy of controls in place to ensure that subcontractor costs were reasonable, as required by the contract. The following conclusions were drawn from the audit. The Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory did not consistently exercise prudent business judgment in making subcontractor expenditures. As a result, $60 million in expenditures already made and $128 million planned with commercial subcontractors were, in the authors opinion, unnecessary, excessive, or represented uncontrolled growth. The audit also found inadequate justifications, accountability, and cost controls over $143 million in expenditures made and $47 million planned with other Department of Energy laboratories. Improvements were needed in subcontract administration and internal controls, including appropriate audit coverage of the subcontracts. In addition, Department of Energy guidance concerning procurement actions between the laboratories needed to be established.

Not Available

1993-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

470

Energy calibration at high-energy photon colliders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Calibration of the absolute energy scale at high-energy photon (gamma-gamma, gamma-electron) colliders is discussed. The luminosity spectrum at photon colliders is broad and has a rather sharp high-energy edge, which can be used, for example, to measure the mass of the Higgs boson in the process gamma-gamma to H or masses of charged scalars by observing the cross-section threshold. In addition to the precise knowledge of the edge energy of the luminosity spectrum, it is even more important to have a way to calibrate the absolute energy scale of the detector. At first sight, Compton scattering itself provides a unique way to determine the beam energies and produce particles of known energies that could be used for detector calibration. The energy scale is given by the electron mass m_e and laser photon energy \\omega_0. However, this does not work at realistic photon colliders due to large nonlinear effects in Compton scattering at the conversion region (\\xi^2 \\sim 0.3). It is argued that the process gamma-elec...

Telnov, V I

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Low-cost hadron colliders at Fermilab: A discussion paper  

SciTech Connect

New more economic approaches are required to continue the dramatic exponential rise in collider energies as represented by the well known Livingston plot. The old idea of low cost, low field iron dominated magnets in a small diameter pipe may become feasible in the next decade with dramatic recent advances in technology: (1) advanced tunneling technologies for small diameter, non human accessible tunnels, (2) accurate remote guidance systems for tunnel survey and boring machine steering, (3) high T{sub c} superconductors operating at liquid N{sub 2} or liquid H{sub 2} temperatures, (4) industrial applications of remote manipulation and robotics, (5) digitally multiplexed electronics to minimize cables, (6) achievement of high luminosities in p-p and p-{anti P} colliders. The goal of this paper is to stimulate continuing discussions on approaches to this new collider and to identify critical areas needing calculations, construction of models, proof of principle experiments, and full scale prototypes in order to determine feasibility and arrive at cost estimates.

Foster, G.W.; Malamud, E.

1996-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

472

Illuminating Dark Photons with High-Energy Colliders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-energy colliders offer a unique sensitivity to dark photons, the mediators of a broken dark U(1) gauge theory that kinetically mixes with the Standard Model (SM) hypercharge. Dark photons can be detected in the exotic decay of the 125 GeV Higgs boson, h -> Z Z_D -> 4l, and in Drell-Yan events, pp -> Z_D -> ll. If the dark U(1) is broken by a hidden-sector Higgs mechanism, then mixing between the dark and SM Higgs bosons also allows the exotic decay h -> Z_D Z_D -> 4l. We show that the 14 TeV LHC and a 100 TeV proton-proton collider provide powerful probes of both exotic Higgs decay channels. In the case of kinetic mixing alone, direct Drell-Yan production offers the best sensitivity to Z_D, and can probe epsilon >~ 9 x 10^(-4) (4 x 10^(-4)) at the HL-LHC (100 TeV pp collider). The exotic Higgs decay h -> Z Z_D offers slightly weaker sensitivity, but both measurements are necessary to distinguish the kinetically mixed dark photon from other scenarios. If Higgs mixing is also present, then the decay h -> Z...

Curtin, David; Gori, Stefania; Shelton, Jessie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

ACCELERATING POLARIZED PROTONS TO HIGH ENERGY.  

SciTech Connect

The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is designed to provide collisions of high energy polarized protons for the quest of understanding the proton spin structure. Polarized proton collisions at a beam energy of 100 GeV have been achieved in RHIC since 2001. Recently, polarized proton beam was accelerated to 250 GeV in RHIC for the first time. Unlike accelerating unpolarized protons, the challenge for achieving high energy polarized protons is to fight the various mechanisms in an accelerator that can lead to partial or total polarization loss due to the interaction of the spin vector with the magnetic fields. We report on the progress of the RHIC polarized proton program. We also present the strategies of how to preserve the polarization through the entire acceleration chain, i.e. a 200 MeV linear accelerator, the Booster, the AGS and RHIC.

BAI, M.; AHRENS, L.; ALEKSEEV, I.G.; ALESSI, J.; BEEBE-WANG, J.; BLASKIEWICZ, M.; BRAVAR, A.; BRENNAN, J.M.; BRUNO, D.; BUNCE, G.; ET AL.

2006-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

474

Audit Report: IG-0543 | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 Audit Report: IG-0543 March 6, 2002 Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider Project The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), located at Brookhaven National Laboratory, is the world's newest and largest particle accelerator for nuclear physics research. RHIC was constructed between 1991 and 1999 at a reported cost of $617 million and is designed to enhance scientific exploration by advancing our understanding of the most basic constituents that make up the matter in our universe. The accelerator features a pair of superconducting magnetic rings, 2.4 miles in circumference, which circulate beams of heavy ions in opposite directions at nearly the speed of light. Where the ions collide at crossing points around the rings, sophisticated detectors are used to help scientists gain insights into the

475

Tapered Six-Dimensional Cooling Channel for a Muon Collider  

SciTech Connect

A high-luminosity muon collider requires a reduction of the six-dimensional emittance of the captured muon beam by a factor of {approx} 10{sup 6}. Most of this cooling takes place in a dispersive channel that simultaneously reduces all six phase space dimensions. We describe a tapered 6D cooling channel that should meet the requirements of a muon collider. The parameters of the channel are given and preliminary simulations are shown of the expected performance. A complete scheme for cooling a muon beam sufficiently for use in a muon collider has been previously described. This scheme uses separate 6D ionization cooling channels for the two signs of the particle charge. In each, a channel first reduces the emittance of a train of muon bunches until they can be injected into a bunch-merging system. The single muon bunches, one of each sign, are then sent through a second tapered 6D cooling channel where the transverse emittance is reduced as much as possible and the longitudinal emittance is cooled to a value below that needed for the collider. The beam can then be recombined and sent through a final cooling channel using high-field solenoids that cools the transverse emittance to the required values for the collider while allowing the longitudinal emittance to grow. This paper mainly describes the design of the 6D cooling channel before bunch merging. Cooling efficiency is conveniently measured using a parameter Q, which is defined as the rate of change of 6D emittance divided by the rate of change of the number of muons in the beam. In a given lattice Q starts off small due to losses from initial matching, then rises to a large value (Q {approx} 15 is typical for the channels discussed here), and finally falls as the emittance of the beam approaches its equilibrium value. The idea for the 6D cooling channel described here originated with the RFOFO cooling ring. This design evolved into a helical channel referred to as a 'Guggenheim' in order to avoid serious problems with injection of large emittance beams. We found that good cooling efficiency requires that the channel be tapered. In that case when Q starts to fall off the lattice is modified to reduce the beta function. This ensures that the beam emittance is always large compared with the equilibrium emittance.

Palmer, R.B.; Fernow, R.C.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

476

Recent Results from PHENIX Experiment at RHIC: Exploring the QCD Medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review some important results from the PHENIX experiment at RHIC. They were obtained in a unique environment for studying QCD bulk matter at temperatures and densities that sur- pass the limits where hadrons exist as individual entities, so raising to prominence the quark- gluon degrees of freedom. We present measurements of nuclear modification factors for neutral pions, light favors (strange hadrons), direct-photons and non-photonic electrons from decays of particles carrying charm or beauty quarks. We interpret the large suppression of hadron produc- tion at high transverse momenta as resulting from a large energy loss by the precursor parton on its path through the dense matter, primarily driven by gluon radiation. This dense QCD matter responds to energy loss in a pattern consistent with that expected from a hydrodynamic fluid. Further, its elliptic flow measurements suggest that the hadronization of bulk partonic matter exhibits collectivity with effective partonic degrees of freedom. The results are shown as a function of transverse momentum, centrality in different collision systems and energies.

Rachid Nouicer; for the PHENIX Collaboration

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

477

Jet quenching effects on the direct, elliptic, and triangular flow at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we investigate how the energy and momentum deposited by partonic dijets in the quark-gluon plasma may affect the direct, elliptic and triangular flow of low (and intermediate) $p_T$ hadrons in central Au+Au collisions at RHIC. The dijets are modeled as external sources in the energy-momentum conservation equations for hydrodynamics, which are solved on an event-by-event basis within the ideal fluid approximation. We focus our investigation at mid-rapidity and solve the hydrodynamic equations imposing boost invariance. Differential anisotropic flow coefficients for $p_T \\gtrsim 1$ GeV are found to be significantly enhanced if the dijets deposit on average more than 12 GeV in the QGP (or more than 6 GeV per jet). Because this jet-induced extra anisotropic flow is not related to the fluctuations of the initial geometry of the collision, the correlation between the $v_2$ and $v_3$ coefficients and their corresponding eccentricities is considerably weakened. In addition, we argue that the extra amount of direct flow induced by dijets may be quantified by comparing the azimuthal dependence of dihadron correlations in dijet events with the corresponding quantity obtained in events without dijets. This comparison could be used to give a rough estimate of the magnitude of the effective coupling between the jets and the medium.

Rone P. G. Andrade; Jorge Noronha; Gabriel S. Denicol

2014-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

478

Jet quenching effects on the direct, elliptic, and triangular flow at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we investigate how the energy and momentum deposited by partonic dijets in the quark-gluon plasma may affect the direct, elliptic and triangular flow of low (and intermediate) $p_T$ hadrons in central Au+Au collisions at RHIC. The dijets are modeled as external sources in the energy-momentum conservation equations for hydrodynamics, which are solved on an event-by-event basis within the ideal fluid approximation. We focus our investigation at mid-rapidity and solve the hydrodynamic equations imposing boost invariance. Differential anisotropic flow coefficients for $p_T \\gtrsim 1$ GeV are found to be significantly enhanced if the dijets deposit on average more than 12 GeV in the QGP (or more than 6 GeV per jet). Because this jet-induced extra anisotropic flow is not related to the fluctuations of the initial geometry of the collision, the correlation between the $v_2$ and $v_3$ coefficients and their corresponding eccentricities is considerably weakened. In addition, we argue that the extra amoun...

Andrade, Rone P G; Denicol, Gabriel S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

BulletinVol. 64 -No. 27 August 6, 2010 The International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW),  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, and the ACF, the computing facility, also located at BNL, for the ATLAS, was recognized for his outstanding and inno- vative leadership of the RCF, the computing facility- jor computing effort will meet the world-class needs of RHIC and ATLAS. The RCF runs... See Michael

Ohta, Shigemi

480

Proposal for the addition of forward TOF rings to the STAR detector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

will be addressed during a beam energy scan planned for 2010 while the second can be addressed by colliding Uranium ions (238 92U) at RHIC. The Uranium nucleus is an oblate spheroid, so central U+U collisions can be very asymmetric. The conversion of that spatial asymmetry to momentum space can test the validity

Llope, William J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ion collider rhic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.