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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "investigate non-targeted effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Investigation of non-targeted effects of low dose ionizing radiation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investigation of non-targeted effects of low dose ionizing radiation on the mammary gland utilizing three-dimensional culture models of mammary cells derived from mouse strains...

2

Investigation of non-targeted effects of low dose ionizing radiation on the mammary gland  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

non-targeted effects of low dose ionizing radiation on the mammary gland non-targeted effects of low dose ionizing radiation on the mammary gland utilizing three-dimensional culture models of mammary cells derived from mouse strains that differ in susceptibility to tumorigenesis Joni D. Mott, Antoine M. Snijders, Alvin Lo, Dinah Levy-Groesser, Bahram Parvin, Andrew J. Wyrobek, Jian-Hua Mao, and Mina J. Bissell Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley CA 94720 Goal: Within the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's SFA, Project 2, our studies focus on utilizing three dimensional (3D) cell culture models as surrogates for in vivo studies to determine how low doses of ionizing radiation influence mammary gland tissue architecture and how this may relate both to tumor progression and/or adaptive response.

3

The influence of telomerase on induction and repair of targeted and non-targeted radiation effects.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The main aim of the project is to investigate the role of the telomere/telomerase system in the bystander effect. Pilot experiments were carried out… (more)

Nuta, Otilia, (Thesis)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Non-Targeted Effects of Low Dose Ionizing Radiation Act Via TGFβ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

effect that mediates microenvironment composition. TGF is activated in mouse mammary gland following whole body exposure to doses of as low as 0.1 Gy and persists in the stroma...

5

Non-targeted effects of ionising radiation (NOTE) … a new European Integrated project, 2006-2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

targeted effects of ionising radiation (NOTE) - targeted effects of ionising radiation (NOTE) - a new European Integrated project, 2006-2010 Sisko Salomaa 1 , Eric G. Wright 2 , Guido Hildebrandt 3 , Munira Kadhim 4 , Mark P. Little 5 , Kevin M. Prise 6 , and Oleg V. Belyakov 1 1 Research and Environmental Surveillance, STUK - Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Helsinki FI-00881, Finland 2 University of Dundee, Division of Pathology and Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Pathology Laboratories, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee DD1 9SY, Scotland, UK 3 Department of Radiotherapy and Radiooncology, University of Leipzig, Leipzig 04103, Germany 4 MRC Radiation and Genome Stability Unit, Harwell, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 ORD, UK 5 Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine,

6

Preliminary Investigation into the Effect of Green Compact ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 1, 2007 ... Preliminary Investigation into the Effect of Green Compact Microstructural Design on the Density of Combustion Synthesized Aluminide ...

7

Investigation of 3-D Heat Transfer Effects in Fenestration Products.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??ABSTRACT INVESTIGATION OF 3-D HEAT TRANSFER EFFECTS IN FENESTRATION PRODUCTS SEPTEMBER 2010 SNEH KUMAR B. TECH., INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, CHENNAI INDIA M.S.M.E., UNIVERSITY OF… (more)

Kumar, Sneh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Experimental investigation of film cooling effectiveness on gas turbine blades  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The hot gas temperature in gas turbine engines is far above the permissible metal temperatures. Advanced cooling technologies must be applied to cool the blades, so they can withstand the extreme conditions. Film cooling is widely used in modern high temperature and high pressure blades as an active cooling scheme. In this study, the film cooling effectiveness in different regions of gas turbine blades was investigated with various film hole/slot configurations and mainstream flow conditions. The study consisted of four parts: 1) effect of upstream wake on blade surface film cooling, 2) effect of upstream vortex on platform purge flow cooling, 3) influence of hole shape and angle on leading edge film cooling and 4) slot film cooling on trailing edge. Pressure sensitive paint (PSP) technique was used to get the conduction-free film cooling effectiveness distribution. For the blade surface film cooling, the effectiveness from axial shaped holes and compound angle shaped holes were examined. Results showed that the compound angle shaped holes offer better film effectiveness than the axial shaped holes. The upstream stationary wakes have detrimental effect on film effectiveness in certain wake rod phase positions. For platform purge flow cooling, the stator-rotor gap was simulated by a typical labyrinth-like seal. Delta wings were used to generate vortex and modeled the passage vortex generated by the upstream vanes. Results showed that the upstream vortex reduces the film cooling effectiveness on the platform. For the leading edge film cooling, two film cooling designs, each with four film cooling hole configurations, were investigated. Results showed that the shaped holes provide higher film cooling effectiveness than the cylindrical holes at higher average blowing ratios. In the same range of average blowing ratio, the radial angle holes produce better effectiveness than the compound angle holes. The seven-row design results in much higher effectiveness than the three-row design. For the trailing edge slot cooling, the effect of slot lip thickness on film effectiveness under the two mainstream conditions was investigated. Results showed thinner lips offer higher effectiveness. The film effectiveness on the slots reduces when the incoming mainstream boundary layer thickness decreases.

Gao, Zhihong

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Investigation of Laser Peening Effects on Hydrogen Charged Stainless Steels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hydrogen-rich environments such as fuel cell reactors can exhibit damage caused by hydrogen permeation in the form of corrosion cracking by lowering tensile strength and decreasing material ductility. Coatings and liners have been investigated, but there were few shot-peening or laser peening studies referenced in the literature with respect to preventing hydrogen embrittlement. The surface compressive residual stress induced by laser peening had shown success in preventing stress corrosion cracking (SCC) for stainless steels in power plants. The question arose if the residual stresses induced by laser peening could delay the effects of hydrogen in a material. This study investigated the effect of laser peening on hydrogen penetration into metal alloys. Three areas were studied: laser peening, hydrogenation, and hydrogen detection. This study demonstrated that laser peening does not reduce the hydrogen permeation into a stainless steel surface nor does it prevent hydrogen embrittlement. The effect of laser peening to reduce hydrogen-assisted fatigue was unclear.

Zaleski, T M

2008-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

10

An Investigation of the effect of graphite degradation on irreversible  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Investigation of the effect of graphite degradation on irreversible An Investigation of the effect of graphite degradation on irreversible capacity in lithium-ion cells. Title An Investigation of the effect of graphite degradation on irreversible capacity in lithium-ion cells. Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2008 Authors Hardwick, Laurence J., Marek Marcinek, Leanne Beer, John B. Kerr, and Robert Kostecki Journal Electrochemical Society Volume 155 Start Page A442 Issue 6 Pagination A442-A447 Keywords chromatography, electrochemical electrodes, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, Fourier transform spectra, graphite, infrared spectra, lithium, mass spectra, Raman spectra, scanning electron microscopy, secondary cells, sputtering, surface structure Abstract The effect of surface structural damage on graphitic anodes, commonly observed in tested Li-ion cells, was investigated. Similar surface structural disorder was artificially induced in Mag-10 synthetic graphite anodes using argon-ion sputtering. Raman microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller measurements confirmed that Ar-ion sputtered Mag-10 electrodes display a similar degree of surface degradation as the anodes from tested Li-ion cells. Artificially modified Mag-10 anodes showed double the irreversible charge capacity during the first formation cycle compared to fresh unaltered anodes. Impedance spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy on surface-modified graphite anodes indicated the formation of a thicker and slightly more resistive solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer. Gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy analysis of solvent extracts from the electrodes detected the presence of new compounds with Mw on the order of 1600gmol-1 for the surface-modified electrode with no evidence of elevated Mw species for the unmodified electrode. The structural disorder induced in the graphite during long-term cycling may be responsible for the slow and continuous SEI layer reformation, and consequently, the loss of reversible capacity due to the shift of lithium inventory in cycled Li-ion cells.

11

Experimental Investigation of Film Cooling Effectiveness on Gas Turbine Blades  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High turbine inlet temperature becomes necessary for increasing thermal efficiency of modern gas turbines. To prevent failure of turbine components, advance cooling technologies have been applied to different portions of turbine blades. The detailed film cooling effectiveness distributions along a rotor blade has been studied under combined effects of upstream trailing edge unsteady wake with coolant ejection by the pressure sensitive paint (PSP). The experiment is conducted in a low speed wind tunnel with a five blade linear cascade and exit Reynolds number is 370,000. The density ratios for both blade and trailing edge coolant ejection range from 1.5 to 2.0. Blade blowing ratios are 0.5 and 1.0 on suction surface and 1.0 and 2.0 on pressure surface. Trailing edge jet blowing ratio and Strouhal number are 1.0 and 0.12, respectively. Results show the unsteady wake reduces overall effectiveness. However, the unsteady wake with trailing edge coolant ejection enhances overall effectiveness. Results also show that the overall effectiveness increases by using heavier coolant for ejection and blade film cooling. Leading edge film cooling has been investigated using PSP. There are two test models: seven and three-row of film holes for simulating vane and blade, respectively. Four film holes’ configurations are used for both models: radial angle cylindrical holes, compound angle cylindrical holes, radial angle shaped holes, and compound angle shaped holes. Density ratios are 1.0 to 2.0 while blowing ratios are 0.5 to 1.5. Experiments were conducted in a low speed wind tunnel with Reynolds number 100,900. The turbulence intensity near test model is about 7%. The results show the shaped holes have overall higher effectiveness than cylindrical holes for both designs. As increasing density ratio, density effect on shaped holes becomes evident. Radial angle holes perform better than compound angle holes as increasing blowing and density ratios. Increasing density ratio generally increases overall effectiveness for all configurations and blowing ratios. One exception occurs for compound angle and radial angle shaped hole of three-row design at lower blowing ratio. Effectiveness along stagnation row reduces as increasing density ratio due to coolant jet with insufficient momentum caused by heavier density coolant, shaped hole, and stagnation row.

Li, Shiou-Jiuan

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Field site investigation: Effect of mine seismicity on groundwater hydrology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of a field investigation on the groundwater-hydrologic effect of mining-induced earthquakes are presented in this report. The investigation was conducted at the Lucky Friday Mine, a silver-lead-zinc mine in the Coeur d`Alene Mining District of Idaho. The groundwater pressure in sections of three fracture zones beneath the water table was monitored over a 24-mo period. The fracture zones were accessed through a 360-m-long inclined borehole, drilled from the 5,700 level station of the mine. The magnitude, source location, and associated ground motions of mining-induced seismic events were also monitored during the same period, using an existing seismic instrumentation network for the mine, augmented with additional instruments installed specifically for the project by the center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses (CNWRA). More than 50 seismic events of Richter magnitude 1.0 or larger occurred during the monitoring period. Several of these events caused the groundwater pressure to increase, whereas a few caused it to decrease. Generally, the groundwater pressure increased as the magnitude of seismic event increased; for an event of a given magnitude, the groundwater pressure increased by a smaller amount as the distance of the observation point from the source of the event increased. The data was examined using regression analysis. Based on these results, it is suggested that the effect of earthquakes on groundwater flow may be better understood through mechanistic modeling. The mechanical processes and material behavior that would need to be incorporated in such a model are examined. They include a description of the effect of stress change on the permeability and water storage capacity of a fracture rock mass; transient fluid flow; and the generation and transmission of seismic waves through the rock mass.

Ofoegbu, G.I.; Hsiung, S.; Chowdhury, A.H. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States). Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses; Philip, J. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Friction microprobe investigation of particle layer effects on sliding friction  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Interfacial particles (third-bodies), resulting from wear or external contamination, can alter and even dominate the frictional behavior of solid-solid sliding in the absence of effective particle removal processes (e.g., lubricant flow). A unique friction microprobe, developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, was used to conduct fine- scale friction studies using 1.0 mm diameter stainless steel spheres sliding on several sizes of loose layers of fine aluminum oxide powders on both aluminum and alumina surfaces. Conventional, pin-on-disk experiments were conducted to compare behavior with the friction microprobe results. The behavior of the relatively thick particle layers was found to be independent of the nature of underlying substrate, substantiating previous work by other investigators. The time-dependent behavior of friction, for a spherical macrocontact starting from rest, could generally be represented by a series of five rather distinct phases involving static compression, slider breakaway, transition to steady state, and dynamic layer instability. A friction model for the steady state condition, which incorporates lamellar powder layer behavior, is described.

Blau, P.J.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Investigation of the Effects of Solidification Rate and Melt Hydrogen ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DRI Carburization in the Reduction and Transition Zones of a Shaft Furnace MIDREX Type · Effect of Casting Speed on Temperature Difference between ...

15

Investigation of proximity effects in electron microscopy and lithography  

SciTech Connect

A fundamental challenge in lithographic and microscopic techniques employing focused electron beams are so-called proximity effects due to unintended electron emission and scattering in the sample. Herein, we apply a method that allows for visualizing electron induced surface modifications on a SiN substrate covered with a thin native oxide layer by means of iron deposits. Conventional wisdom holds that by using thin membranes proximity effects can be effectively reduced. We demonstrate that, contrary to the expectation, these can be indeed larger on a 200 nm SiN-membrane than on the respective bulk substrate due to charging effects.

Walz, M.-M.; Vollnhals, F.; Rietzler, F.; Schirmer, M.; Steinrueck, H.-P.; Marbach, H.

2012-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

16

INVESTIGATION OF STRETCH AND CURVATURE EFFECTS ON FLAMES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Flame response on curvature is very important for understanding and predicting of both laminar and turbulent combustion. In this work, curvature effects on flames are… (more)

Wang, Peiyong

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Combustion Effects Investigation at the Martin Lake Station  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One key to improving the availability of coal-fired plants is an improved understanding of the impact of combustion conditions on deposit formation on furnace walls. This report builds on a previously developed model of a unit at the Martin Lake Generating Station to investigate the conditions contributing to excessive slagging at the plant.

2009-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

18

An investigation of real gas effects in supercritical CO? compressors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a comprehensive assessment of real gas effects on the performance and matching of centrifugal compressors operating with CO2 at supercritical conditions. The analytical framework combines first principles ...

Baltadjiev, Nikola D. (Nikola Dimitrov)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Investigation into the effect of transformer oil on polymers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several thermoplastics and an epoxy were exposed to a variety of conditions to determine the effect of chemical environment on the materials. Weight gain measurements of the samples were made after exposure to low humidity, ambient air, 90 C air, ambient transformer oil, and 90 C transformer oil. Two materials that performed well in these tests were polyetherimide (Ultem) and amine cured bisphenol-A epoxy. It was found that Noryl, a thermoplastic combination of high impact polystyrene and polyphenyleneoxide, was unsuitable for use in transformer oil, as it suffered substantial physical degradation. Polystyrene and high impact polystyrene (rubber modified polystyrene) performed poorly in both ambient and 90{degree} transformer oil tests, with the rubber modified material exhibiting a much greater weight gain. Both high and low density polyethylene also showed large weight gains in hot transformer oil.

Frost, N.E.; McGrath, P.B. [Clarkson Univ., Potsdam, NY (United States); Burns, C.W. [Niagara Mohawk Power Corp., Syracuse, NY (United States)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Pesticide impact on non-target wildlife in irrigated crops: simulated impact of cholinesterase-inhibiting pesticides on white-winged doves in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I present a simulation model that should be a useful tool for risk assessment of the impact of insecticide inhibitors of cholinesterase (ChE) applied in irrigated agricultural fields on non-target wildlife. I developed the model as a compartment model based on difference equations (��t = 1 hour) and programmed with Stella�® VII software. Conceptually the model is compartmentalized into six submodels describing the dynamics of (1) insecticide application, (2) insecticide movement into floodable soil, (3) irrigation and rain, (4) insecticide dissolution in water, (5) foraging and insecticide intake from water, and (6) ChE inhibition and recovery. To demonstrate application of the model, I simulate historical, current, and â��worst-caseâ� scenarios, that examined the impact of ChE-inhibiting insecticides on white-winged doves (WWDO - Zenaida asiatica) in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas (LRGV), USA. To my knowledge, there are no field data verifying that the cause of ChE deprivation in WWDO is due to the ingestion of ChE-inhibiting insecticide residues dissolved in drinking water. I parameterized the model to represent a system composed of fields of cotton, sorghum, corn, citrus, and brushland that encompasses the activity range of a WWDO in the LRGV. I simulated situations representing the typical scenario of WWDO using irrigated crop fields in the absence and in the presence of rain. I also simulated â��worst caseâ� scenarios in which methyl parathion was applied at high rates and high frequency. Based on results of the simulations, I conclude that it is unlikely that WWDO are seriously exposed to ChE-inhibiting insecticides by drinking contaminated water. Only in rare cases, for example, when a rain event occurs just after the application of insecticides, are levels of ChE inhibition likely to approach diagnostic levels (20 %). The present simulation model should be a useful tool to predict the effect of ChE-inhibiting insecticides on the ChE activity of different species that drink contaminated water from irrigated agricultural fields. It should be particularly useful in identifying specific situations in which the juxtaposition of environmental conditions and management schemes could result in a high risk to non-target wildlife.

Pisani, Jorge Marcelo

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "investigate non-targeted effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Preliminary Investigations of the Effect of Particle Size and Tip Size ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Preliminary Investigations of the Effect of Particle Size and Tip Size in the Current Activated Tip-Based Sintering (CATS) of Nickel Powder ...

22

Using ex vivo organ culture models as surrogates to investigate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ex vivo organ culture models as surrogates to investigate ex vivo organ culture models as surrogates to investigate morphological and functional differences of mammary glands derived from mouse strains that differ in cancer susceptibility to understand the underlying mechanisms of radiation sensitivity or resistance Alvin Lo Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Abstract Goal: Within the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory’s Low Dose SFA, as part of Project 2, we are using a systems genetics approach to determine the contribution of non-targeted and targeted radiation effects for risk of mammary carcinogenesis. The goal of this work is to characterize the mammary gland of the parental mouse strains, and the F1 and F2 generations used in these studies with respect to tissue architecture and morphogenesis

23

An Investigation of Terrain Effects on the Mesoscale Spectrum of Atmospheric Motions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind and temperature data collected on commercial aircraft during the Global Atmospheric Sampling Program (GASP) are used to investigate the effects of underlying terrain on mesoscale variability, and the observational results are interpreted ...

G. D. Nastrom; D. C. Fritts; K. S. Gage

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Experimental Investigation of Size Effects on the Thermal Conductivity of Silicon-Germanium Alloy Thin Films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We experimentally investigate the role of size effects and boundary scattering on the thermal conductivity of silicon-germanium alloys. The thermal conductivities of a series of epitaxially grown Si[subscript 1-x] Ge[subscript ...

Cheaito, Ramez

25

Large-Eddy Simulations of Trade Wind Cumuli: Investigation of Aerosol Indirect Effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of aerosol on warm trade cumulus clouds are investigated using a large-eddy simulation with size-resolved cloud microphysics. It is shown that, as expected, increases in aerosols cause a reduction in precipitation and an increase in ...

Huiwen Xue; Graham Feingold

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Computational modeling and experimental investigation of effects of compositional elements on interface and design aesthetics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article describes computational modeling and two corresponding experimental investigations of the effects of symmetry, balance and quantity of construction elements on interface aesthetic judgments. In the first experiment, 30 black and white geometric ... Keywords: Aesthetics, Balance, Display evaluation, Engineering aesthetics, Symmetry

Michael Bauerly; Yili Liu

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Numerical Investigation of Wall Temperature and Entropy Layer Effects on Double Wedge Shock /  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical Investigation of Wall Temperature and Entropy Layer Effects on Double Wedge Shock of a strongly curved shock in front of the leading edge causing a layer of high-temperature and high the separation shock, reaching a plateau value which is only slightly affected by the increasing wall temperature

28

New PANDA Tests to Investigate Effects of Light Gases on Passive Safety Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The large- scale thermal-hydraulic PANDA facility (located at PSI in Switzerland), has been used over the last few years for investigating different passive decay- heat removal systems and containment phenomena for the next generation of light water reactors (Simplified Boiling Water Reactor: SBWR; European Simplified Boiling Water Reactor: ESBWR; Siedewasserreaktor: SWR-1000). Currently, as part of the European Commission 5. EURATOM Framework Programme project 'Testing and Enhanced Modelling of Passive Evolutionary Systems Technology for Containment Cooling' (TEMPEST), a new series of tests is being planned in the PANDA facility to experimentally investigate the distribution of non-condensable gases inside the containment and their effect on the performance of the 'Passive Containment Cooling System' (PCCS). Hydrogen release caused by the metal-water reaction in the case of a postulated severe accident will be simulated in PANDA by injecting helium into the reactor pressure vessel. In order to provide suitable data for Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) code assessment and improvement, the instrumentation in PANDA has been upgraded for the new tests. In the present paper, a detailed discussion is given of the new PANDA tests to be performed to investigate the effects of light gas on passive safety systems. The tests are scheduled for the first half of the year 2002. (authors)

Paladino, D.; Auban, O.; Candreia, P.; Huggenberger, M.; Strassberger, H.J. [Laboratory for Thermal-Hydraulics, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Soot microphysical effects on liquid clouds, a multi-model investigation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Soot microphysical effects on liquid clouds, a multi-model investigation Soot microphysical effects on liquid clouds, a multi-model investigation Title Soot microphysical effects on liquid clouds, a multi-model investigation Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors Koch, Dorothy M., Yves Balkanski, Susanne E. Bauer, Richard C. Easter, Sylvaine Ferrachat, Steven J. Ghan, Corinna Hoose, Trond Iversen, Alf Kirkevåg, Jon E. Kristjánsson, Xiaohong Liu, Ulrike Lohmann, Surabi Menon, Johannes Quaas, Michael Schulz, Øyvind Seland, Toshihiko Takemura, and N. Yan Journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Volume 11 Pagination 1051-1064 Abstract We use global models to explore the microphysical effects of carbonaceous aerosols on liquid clouds. Although absorption of solar radiation by soot warms the atmosphere, soot may cause climate cooling due to its contribution to cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) and therefore cloud brightness. Six global models conducted three soot experiments; four of the models had detailed aerosol microphysical schemes. The average cloud radiative response to biofuel soot (black and organic carbon), including both indirect and semi-direct effects, is -0.11 Wm-2, comparable in size but opposite in sign to the respective direct effect. In a more idealized fossil fuel black carbon experiment, some models calculated a positive cloud response because soot provides a deposition sink for sulfuric and nitric acids and secondary organics, decreasing nucleation and evolution of viable CCN. Biofuel soot particles were also typically assumed to be larger and more hygroscopic than for fossil fuel soot and therefore caused more negative forcing, as also found in previous studies. Diesel soot (black and organic carbon) experiments had relatively smaller cloud impacts with five of the models <±0.06 Wm-2 from clouds. The results are subject to the caveats that variability among models, and regional and interrannual variability for each model, are large. This comparison together with previously published results stresses the need to further constrain aerosol microphysical schemes. The non-linearities resulting from the competition of opposing effects on the CCN population make it difficult to extrapolate from idealized experiments to likely impacts of realistic potential emission changes.

30

Investigation of the Noncondensable Effect and the Operational Modes of the Passive Condenser System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An experimental study is performed to investigate the effect of noncondensable gas in a passive condenser system. A vertical condenser tube is submerged in a water pool where the heat transferred from the condenser tube is removed through boiling. Data are obtained for three operational modes of the passive condenser. Degradation of the condensation with noncondensable gas is investigated. The condensation heat transfer rate is enhanced by increasing the inlet steam flow rate and the system pressure. For the condenser submerged in a saturated water pool, strong primary pressure dependency is observed. A boundary layer-based condensation model and a simple condensation model with the interfacial friction factor correlation are developed. The model predictions are compared with the pure steam data, and the agreement is satisfactory.

Oh, Seungmin; Revankar, Shripad T. [Purdue University (United States)

2005-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

31

Experimental investigation of turbine blade platform film cooling and rotational effect on trailing edge internal cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present work has been an experimental investigation to evaluate the applicability of gas turbine cooling technology. With the temperature of the mainstream gas entering the turbine elevated above the melting temperature of the metal components, these components must be cooled, so they can withstand prolonged exposure to the mainstream gas. Both external and internal cooling techniques have been studied as a means to increase the life of turbine components. Detailed film cooling effectiveness distributions have been obtained on the turbine blade platform with a variety of cooling configurations. Because the newly developed pressure sensitive paint (PSP) technique has proven to be the most suitable technique for measuring the film effectiveness, it was applied to a variety of platform seal configurations and discrete film flows. From the measurements it was shown advanced seals provide more uniform protection through the passage with less potential for ingestion of the hot mainstream gases into the engine cavity. In addition to protecting the outer surface of the turbine components, via film cooling, heat can also be removed from the components internally. Because the turbine blades are rotating within the engine, it is important to consider the effect of rotation on the heat transfer enhancement within the airfoil cooling channels. Through this experimental investigation, the heat transfer enhancement has been measured in narrow, rectangular channels with various turbulators. The present experimental investigation has shown the turbulators, coupled with the rotation induced Coriolis and buoyancy forces, result in non-uniform levels of heat transfer enhancement in the cooling channels. Advanced turbulator configurations can be used to provide increased heat transfer enhancement. Although these designs result in increased frictional losses, the benefit of the heat transfer enhancement outweighs the frictional losses.

Wright, Lesley Mae

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Theoretical investigation of phase-controlled bias effect in capacitively coupled plasma discharges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We theoretically investigated the effect of phase difference between powered electrodes in capacitively coupled plasma (CCP) discharges. Previous experimental result has shown that the plasma potential could be controlled by using a phase-shift controller in CCP discharges. In this work, based on the previously developed radio frequency sheath models, we developed a circuit model to self-consistently determine the bias voltage from the plasma parameters. Results show that the present theoretical model explains the experimental results quite well and there is an optimum value of the phase difference for which the V{sub dc}/V{sub pp} ratio becomes a minimum.

Kwon, Deuk-Chul; Yoon, Jung-Sik [Convergence Plasma Research Center, National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

33

Investigation of Aerosol Indirect Effects on Simulated Flash-flood Heavy Rainfall over Korea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates aerosol indirect effects on the development of heavy rainfall near Seoul, South Korea, on 12 July 2006, focusing on precipitation amount. The impact of the aerosol concentration on simulated precipitation is evaluated by varying the initial cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) number concentration in the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Double-Moment 6-class (WDM6) microphysics scheme. The simulations are performed under clean, semi-polluted, and polluted conditions. Detailed analysis of the physical processes that are responsible for surface precipitation, including moisture and cloud microphysical budgets shows enhanced ice-phase processes to be the primary driver of increased surface precipitation under the semi-polluted condition. Under the polluted condition, suppressed autoconversion and the enhanced evaporation of rain cause surface precipitation to decrease. To investigate the role of environmental conditions on precipitation response under different aerosol number concentrations, a set of sensitivity experiments are conducted with a 5 % decrease in relative humidity at the initial time, relative to the base simulations. Results show ice-phase processes having small sensitivity to CCN number concentration, compared with the base simulations. Surface precipitation responds differently to CCN number concentration under the lower humidity initial condition, being greatest under the clean condition, followed by the semi-polluted and polluted conditions.

Lim, Kyo-Sun; Hong, Songyou

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

An Investigation of the Effect of After-Action Reviews on Teams' Performance-Efficacy Relationships  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance and efficacy are reciprocally causal; however, the effect of performance on subsequent perceptions of efficacy has received little attention, especially in the context of team training. In addition, the moderating effect of feedback accuracy on the relationship between team performance and team-efficacy is largely unexplored. As such, the objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between team performance and team-efficacy in the context of after-action reviews (AARs). Specifically, this study examined the conjoint influence of (a) the accuracy of performance feedback available to trainees during AARs, and (b) time on the predictive validity of team performance on team-efficacy. Data were obtained from 492 undergraduate students assigned to 123 teams in a 5 hr team training protocol using a 3 (training condition: non-AAR, versus subjective AAR, versus objective AAR) x 3 (sessions) repeated measures design. Contrary to the first set of hypotheses, the positive relationship between performance and efficacy was strongest for teams trained without AARs and weakest for teams trained using subjective AARs. Although team-efficacy was predicted more strongly by more proximal team performance than by more distal team performance, this pattern of results was found only for teams trained either without AARs or with objective AARs. The predictive validity of performance on efficacy decreased as performance episodes became more proximal among teams trained using subjective AARs. Finally, within-team agreement of team-efficacy ratings decreased over time for teams that engaged in AARs and remained constant over time for teams that did not engage in AARs. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed. It is anticipated that this research will provide insight into the roles of feedback accuracy and time in the performance-efficacy relationship and provide guidance to researchers and practitioners in effectively integrating AAR design characteristics into team training environments.

Schurig, Ira

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

A Numerical Investigation of the Effects of Timing of Diabatic Processes in the Coastal Cyclogenesis of GALE IOP 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensitivity of coastal cyclogenesis to the effects of timing of diabatic processes is investigated using the Naval Research Laboratory mesoscale model. Numerical experiments were conducted to examine the sensitivity of the intensification and ...

Teddy R. Holt; Simon W. Chang

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Investigation of moisture effects on interfacial properties of an epoxy matrix composite by dynamic mechanical analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The interfacial properties of polymer matrix composites are critical to the retention of the mechanical properties of the composites in a wet environment. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of moisture on the interfacial properties of glass bead-epoxy composites by measuring mechanical properties obtained through dynamic mechanical testing. The viscoelastic material properties of glass bead-composites, including glassy and rubbery moduli and the loss tangent (tanb) were measured. In order to characterize the relationship between dynamic mechanical properties and interfacial structure, composites with different interfacial structures were tested and the results were compared. The different interfacial structures are created by treating or not treating the glass beads with a silane coupling agent before the production of the composites. The plain epoxy matrix was also tested. The sorption behavior of the specimens was monitored by recording the percent weight gain of the water uptake periodically. In general, the measured properties reflect the effect of moisture on the properties of matrix, composites, and interphase. For the plain matrix, moisture reduces Tg, by about 15,,C, and reduces tans at Tg. These are all characteristic of plasticization of the matrix. The effects of water on composites strongly depend on the interfacial structure of the composites. The interphase with silane coupling agent provides better interfacial adhesion, thus improving stress transfer between matrix and reinforcement. The silane also reduces the mobility of the epoxy network near the glass surface. This hypothesis was supported by the greater E', higher Ea. and smaller tans at Tg for silane-treated composite compared to corresponding properties for the untreated composite. Water seems to weaken the interfacial strength of composites since water reduces the rubbery modulus of the composites but not of the plain matrix. Water reduces the interfacial bond strength less for silane-treated composites than for untreated composites. In addition, composites with poorer interfacial bond strength showed larger "additional" tan8 peaks next to the (X-transition. If we assume that poor interfacial bond strength leads to more interfacial cracks or voids, then the tans spectrum may be useful for characterizing the extent of cracking.

Wang, Jo-Yu

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Experimental Investigation of the Effect of Initial Conditions on Rayleigh-Taylor Instability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental study of the effect of initial conditions on the development of Rayleigh Taylor Instabilities (RTI) at low Atwood numbers (order of 10-4) was performed in the water channel facility at TAMU. Initial conditions of the flow were generated using a controllable, highly reliable Servo motor. The uniqueness of the study is the system’s capability of generating the required initial conditions precisely as compared to the previous endeavors. Backlit photography was used for imaging and ensemble averaging of the images was performed to study mixing width characteristics in different regimes of evolution of Rayleigh-Taylor Instability (RTI). High-speed imaging of the flows was performed to provide insights into the growth of bubble and spikes in the linear and non-linear regime of instability development. RTI are observed in astrophysics, geophysics and in many instances in nature. The vital role of RTI in the feasibility and efficiency of the Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) experiment warrants a comprehensive study of the effect of mixing characteristics of RTI and its dependence on defining parameters. With this broader objective in perspective, the objectives of this present investigation were mainly threefold: First was the validation of the novel setup of the Water channel system. Towards this objective, validation of Servo motor, splitter plate thickness effects, density and temperature measurements and single-mode experiments were performed. The second objective was to study the mixing and growth characteristics of binary and multi-mode initial perturbations seeking an explanation of behavior of the resultant flow structures by performing the first ever set of such highly controlled experiments. The first-ever set of experiments with highly controlled multi-mode initial conditions was performed. The final objective of this study was to measure and compare the bubble and spike velocities with single-mode initial conditions with existing analytical models. The data derived from these experiments would qualitatively and quantitatively enhance the understanding of dependence of mixing width on parametric initial conditions. The knowledge would contribute towards a generalized theory for RTI mixing with specified dependence on various parameters, which has a wide range of applications. The system setup was validated to provide a reliable platform for the novel multi-modal experiments to be performed in the future. It was observed that the ensemble averaged mixing width of the binary system does not vary significantly with the phase-difference between the modes of a binary mode initial condition experiment, whereas it varies with the amplitudes of the component modes. In the exponential and non-linear regimes of evolution, growth rates of multi-mode perturbations were found to be higher than the component modes, whereas saturation growth rates correspond to the dominant wavelength. Quadratic saturation growth rate constants, alpha were found to be about 0.07 ± 0.01 for binary and multi modes whereas single-mode data measured alpha about 0.06 ± 0.01. High-speed imaging was performed to measure bubble and spike amplitudes to obtain velocities and growth rates. It was concluded that higher temporal and spatial resolution was required for accurate measurement. The knowledge gained from the above study will facilitate a better understanding of the physics underlying Rayleigh-Taylor instability. The results of this study will also help validating numerical models for simulation of this instability, thereby providing predictive capability for more complex configurations.

Kuchibhatla, Sarat Chandra

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Investigating the Effects of Radiation on Phosphonium-Based Ionic Liquids.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents work on the understanding of the effects of ionizing radiation on phosphonium-based ionic liquids (ILs). The capability of ILs to dissolve a… (more)

Howett, Susan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Investigation of ELM [edge localized mode] Dynamics with the Resonant Magnetic Perturbation Effects  

SciTech Connect

Topics covered are: anomalous transport and E Ã? B flow shear effects in the H-mode pedestal; RMP (resonant magnetic perturbation) effects in NSTX discharges; development of a scaling of H-mode pedestal in tokamak plasmas with type I ELMs (edge localized modes); and divertor heat load studies.

Alexei Y. Pankin; Arnold H. Kritz

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

40

A Numerical Investigation of the Effects of Dry Air Aloft on Deep Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-dimensional cloud model was used to investigate the sensitivity of deep convective storms to dry air above the cloud base. In simulations of both quasi-linear convective systems and supercells, dry air aloft was found to reduce the ...

Richard P. James; Paul M. Markowski

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "investigate non-targeted effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

252 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 23, NO. 1, JANUARY 2008 Investigations of Temperature Effects on the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

252 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 23, NO. 1, JANUARY 2008 Investigations of Temperature Effects on the Dielectric Response Measurements of Transformer Oil-Paper Insulation System Tapan K. Saha, in both time and fre- quency domains, are currently widely used by power utilities for assessment

Saha, Tapan Kumar

42

Investigation of the Effect of In-Situ Catalyst on the Steam Hydrogasification of Biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Promotion of iron-group catalysts by a calcium salt inet al. , Effects of metal catalysts on CO 2 gasificationbiomass tars with iron oxide catalysts, Fuel, 2008, 87, 451-

FAN, XIN

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Do Photovoltaic Energy Systems Effect Residential Selling Prices? Results from a California Statewide Investigation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

has an effect on the sale price of PV homes (i.e. a fixedadjusted selling prices between PV and non-PV homes dividedIf differences in selling prices exist between PV and non-PV

Hoen, Ben

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Experimental and theoretical investigation of the effects of low-frequency sonophoresis on transdermal drug transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transdermal drug delivery offers many advantages over traditional drug administration methods such as injections and oral delivery, including increased patient compliance, and avoiding first-pass effects. However, due to ...

Tang, Hua, 1972-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Investigation of the effects of long-duration exposure on active optical system components (S0050)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of long duration space exposure on the relevant performance parameters of lasers, radiation detectors, and selected optical components, was determined. The results and implications of the measurements indicating real or suspected degradation mechanisms were evaluated and guidelines, based on these results, for selection and use of components for space electro-optical systems are established.

Blue, M.D.; Gallagher, J.J.; Shackelford, R.G.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Investigation of possible csr induced energy spread effects with the A0 photoinjector bunch compressor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The bunch compressor of the A0 Photoinjector at Fermilab was removed this past spring to install a transverse to longitudinal emittance exchange experiment. Prior to its removal questions arose about the possibility of observing the effects of Coherent Synchrotron Radiation on the compressed beam. The energy spread of the beam with and without compression was measured to observe any changes. Various beam charges were used to look for square law effects associated with CSR. No direct observation of CSR in the compressor was attempted because the design of the vacuum chamber did not allow it. In this paper we report the results of these experiments and comparison with simulations using ASTRA and CSRTrack. The results are also compared with analytical approximations.

Fliller, R.P., III; Edwards, H.; Kazakevich, G.; Thurman-Keup, R.M.; Ruan, J.; /Fermilab

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Investigation of the Effects of Biodiesel-based Na on Emissions Control Components  

SciTech Connect

A single-cylinder diesel engine was used to investigate the impact of biodiesel-based Na on emissions control components using specially blended 20% biodiesel fuel (B20). The emissions control components investigated were a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC), a Cu-zeolite-based NH{sub 3}-SCR (selective catalytic reduction) catalyst, and a diesel particulate filter (DPF). Both light-duty vehicle, DOC-SCR-DPF, and heavy-duty vehicle, DOC-DPF-SCR, emissions control configurations were employed. The accelerated Na aging is achieved by introducing elevated Na levels in the fuel, to represent full useful life exposure, and periodically increasing the exhaust temperature to replicate DPF regeneration. To assess the validity of the implemented accelerated Na aging protocol, engine-aged lean NO{sub x} traps (LNTs), DOCs and DPFs are also evaluated. To fully characterize the impact on the catalytic activity the LNT, DOC and SCR catalysts were evaluated using a bench flow reactor. The evaluation of the aged DOC samples and LNT show little to no deactivation as a result of Na contamination. However, the SCR in the light-duty configuration (DOC-SCR-DPF) was severely affected by Na contamination, especially when NO was the only fed NO{sub x} source. In the heavy-duty configuration (DOC-DPF-SCR), no impact is observed in the SCR NO{sub x} reduction activity. Electron probe micro-analysis (EPMA) reveals that Na contamination on the LNT, DOC, and SCR samples is present throughout the length of the catalysts with a higher concentration on the washcoat surface. In both the long-term engine-aged DPF and the accelerated Na-aged DPFs, there is significant Na ash present in the upstream channels; however, in the engine-aged sample lube oil-based ash is the predominant constituent.

Brookshear, D. William [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Nguyen, Ke [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Toops, Todd J [ORNL; Bunting, Bruce G [ORNL; Howe, Janet E [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Investigation of the 1999 Kocaeli Turkey Earthquake: Effects on Power and Industrial Facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On August 17, 1999, a magnitude MW 7.4 earthquake struck the city of Izmit in the province of Kocaeli in western Turkey, causing over 20,000 buildings to collapse, killing 17,000 people, injuring 44,000, and causing an estimated economic loss of 16 billion dollars. This report summarizes the performance of electric power generation and transmission facilities during and after the earthquake. The document summarizes earthquake effects on a large inventory of structures and equipment relevant to the electr...

2001-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

49

Investigation about the effects of exterior surface paint color on temperature development in aboveground pipeline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A practical analytical model for predicting temperature development of incompressible flow inside an aboveground pipeline has been constructed and presented in this research work. The outer surface of the pipeline is exposed to solar radiation and wind stream. The radiation heat exchange with ambient is also taken into account. The effects of exterior surface paint color represented by emissivity and absorptivity, have been studied. The model has been developed to study crude oil flow temperature development through a specific pipeline. The results obtained by the model show that the bulk temperature inclined to a limiting value in some distance which affected mainly by Reynolds numbers. It is found that emissivity and absorptivity of surface are predominant parameters in temperature development in an aboveground pipeline flow which can increase or decrease pipe surface and fluid temperature especially for low Reynolds number flow. Based on the results which indicated significantly of exterior surface paint color, one should choose the paint color by considering its effects on temperature development. (author)

Farzaneh-Gord, Mahmood; Rasekh, Alireza; Nabati, Amin; Saadat, Morteza [Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

50

Investigation on a summer operation effect of a district energy system at Kitakyushu science research city  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In Kitakyushu Science and Research Park, a new district energy system has been introduced. In this study, we chose this system as a case study and have carried out an analysis on the efficiency of the power generation and heat release utilization of the fuel cell and gas engine in summer by using the recorded data. The results can be summarized as follows; (1) Although the power generation efficiencies of the gas engine and fuel cell are a little bit lower than the standard designated value, they are almost running at stable condition. (2) The collected heat energy is lower than the designated value. The heat release utilization, which is used for cooling and hot water, is fairly low. Considering the efficient use of energy, it is a key to have a good use of heat release when we introduce a district energy system. (3) The discarded heat energy of the system is very big in this investigation when evaluating the system as a whole. It is fundamental to the future of energy conservation to use primary energy more efficiently.

Gao, Weijun; Zhou, Nan; Nishida, Masaru; Sagara, Noriyasu; Ryu, Yuji; Ojima, Toshio

2004-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

51

Investigation of elevated temperature aging effects on lithium-ion cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Electrical and chemical measurements have been made on 18650-size lithium-ion cells that have been exposed to calendar and cycle life aging at temperatures up to 70 C. Aging times ranged from 2 weeks at the highest temperature to several months under more moderate conditions. After aging, the impedance behavior of the cells was reversed from that found originally, with lower impedance at low state of charge and the total impedance was significantly increased. Investigations using a reference electrode showed that these changes are primarily due to the behavior of the cathode. Measurements of cell impedance as a function of cell voltage reveal a pronounced minimum in the total impedance at approximately 40--50% state-of-charge (SOC). Chemical analysis data are presented to support the SOC assignments for aged and unaged cells. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) data have been recorded at several intermediate states of charge to construct the impedance vs. open circuit voltage curve for the cell. This information has not previously been available for the LiNi{sub 0.85}Co{sub 0.15}O{sub 2} cathode material. Structural and chemical analysis information obtained from cell components removed during postmortems will also be discussed in order to reveal the true state of charge of the cathode and to develop a more complete lithium inventory for the cell.

JUNGST,RUDOLPH G.; NAGASUBRAMANIAN,GANESAN; INGERSOLL,DAVID

2000-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

52

Using ex vivo organ culture models as surrogates to investigate morphological and functional differences of mammary glands derived from mouse strains that differ in cancer susceptibility to understand the underlying mechanisms of radiation sensitivity or resistance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ex vivo organ culture models as surrogates to investigate morphological and functional ex vivo organ culture models as surrogates to investigate morphological and functional differences of mammary glands derived from mouse strains that differ in cancer susceptibility to understand the underlying mechanisms of radiation sensitivity or resistance Alvin Lo, Joni D. Mott, Jian-Hua Mao, and Mina J. Bissell Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley CA 94720 Goal: Within the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Low Dose SFA, as part of Project 2, we are using a systems genetics approach to determine the contribution of non-targeted and targeted radiation effects for risk of mammary carcinogenesis. The goal of this work is to characterize the mammary gland of the parental mouse strains, and the F1 and F2 generations used in these studies with respect to tissue

53

An investigation of effects of flow conditioning on straight tube Coriolis meter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coriolis meter, despite being very accurate in single phase conditions, fails to accurately measure two-phase flows. It poses a complex fluid-structure interaction problem in case of two-phase operation; there is a scarcity of theoretical models available to predict the errors reported by Coriolis meter in aforementioned conditions, hence the need for experimental research. Experiments are conducted in both single and two-phase flow conditions. Meter accuracy is excellent in single phase conditions and no significant effect is observed on use of flow conditioners, namely inlet swirl and inline mixer. Operational two-phase envelope is determined through experiments at different flowrates. Flow conditioners are used to study the effect of phase segregation and homogenization on accuracy of the meter. Testing is done to cover two-phase flows from both extreme ends, namely aerated liquids and wet gas. Use of flow conditioners show slight improvement in meter accuracy on use of inline mixer, and reduction in accuracy in case of inlet swirl, when both former and latter are compared to results obtained from experiments with no flow conditioners. The difference in accuracies between results with flow conditioner and without flow conditioners is attributed to relative motion between the phases, which is more in case of inlet swirl, due to larger bubble sizes. Flow conditioners show an insignificant effect on meter accuracy during wet gas tests. The reason proposed is annular flow regime, which is not highly affected by flow conditioners. Single phase tests demonstrate that Coriolis meter gives accurate measurement even in presence of severe flow disturbances. There is no need for flow conditioning before the meter to obtain accurate readings from it, which would be the case in other metering technologies like orifice and turbine. In two phase flows, the meter reports negative errors, which is consistent with previous experimental works available in literature. Use of flow conditioners clearly affects the reading of the meter in aerated liquids. This phenomenon can be used to get fairly accurate estimate of flow rate in low gas volume fraction liquid flows.

Shukla, Shashank

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

A preliminary investigation of the effects of environmentally assisted cracking on natural gas transmission pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Concepts for the development of a model to predict natural gas transmission pipeline lifetime in a corrosive environment are constructed. Primarily, the effects of environmentally assisted cracking (EAC) are explored. Tensile test specimens from a sample of API 5L X-52 pipeline were tested in a simulated groundwater solution and subsequently analyzed. The results suggested that the simulated environment ultimately reduced the ductility of the test specimens; however, no evidence of ??classical?? stress corrosion crack morphology was discovered. However, corrosion pits up to 0.75 mm (0.03 in) were revealed during metallographic analysis. A Marin factor analogy and an energy method concept are suggested and explored. Ultimately, the test data set was too small for the results to be of any directly applicable significance.

Curbo, Jason Wayne

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

An investigation of the effect of spacing of practice on the performance-efficacy relationship  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of the current study was to investigate the relationship between training performance and self–efficacy using a longitudinal design (approximately 11 weeks) in the context of massed and distributed practice. Limited attention in the training performance and efficacy literature has been paid to the spacing of practice (massed and distributed). However, it is conceivable that both the spacing of practice as well as the time frames over which it operates could influence the performance and efficacy relationship. Based on the practice schedule (massed versus distributed) and longitudinal study design, it was posited that the nature of the performance and efficacy relationship is likely to be quite different during two phases of learning (acquisition and reacquisition). Data were obtained from 198 undergraduate students over an 11–week training protocol using a 2 (distributed versus massed acquisition) × 2 (distributed versus massed reacquisition) × 16 (session) mixed design. Contrary to the first set of hypotheses, results indicated that the performance and efficacy relationship did not vary as a function of practice protocols (massed versus distributed) during acquisition and reacquisition. Also, no support was found for the hypothesis that the performance and efficacy relationship will vary as a function of whether the practice condition during acquisition is the same or different from the practice condition during reacquisition such that the relationships will be stronger when the practice condition is the same as opposed to when it is different. However, support was found for the hypothesis that when past performance is controlled the unique contribution of self–efficacy to subsequent task performance will be attenuated. Implications of these findings for research on the performance and efficacy relationship and training practice are discussed.

Bhupatkar, Alok Ashutosh

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Investigation of H2 Concentration and Combustion Instability Effects on the Kinetics of Strained Syngas Flames  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The flame extinction limits of syngas (H{sub 2}-CO) flames were measured using a twin-flame-counter-flow burner. Plots of Extinction limits vs. global stretch rates were generated at different mixture compositions and an extrapolation method was used to calculate the flame extinction limit corresponding to an experimentally unattainable zero-stretch condition. The zero-stretch extinction limit of H{sub 2}-CO mixtures decreases (from rich to lean) with the increase in H{sub 2} concentration in the mixture. The average difference between the measured flame extinction limit and the Le Chatelier's calculation is around {approx} 7%. The measured OH{sup -} chemiluminescent data indicates that regardless of mixture compositions the OH radical concentration reduces (within the experimental uncertainties) to an extinction value prior to the flame extinction. Flame extinction limits of H{sub 2}-CO mixtures measured in a flat-flame burner configuration also show a similar relation. Additionally, the measured laminar flame velocity close to the extinction indicates that regardless of fuel composition the premixed flame of hydrogen fuel blends extinguishes when the mixture laminar flame velocity falls below a critical value. The critical laminar flame velocity at extinction for H{sub 2}-CO premixed flames (measured in the flat flame burner configuration) is found to be 3.77({+-}0.38) cm/s. An externally perturbed H{sub 2}-CO twin flame was not experimentally achievable for the mixture conditions used in the present investigation. A slightest perturbation in the flow-field distorts the H{sub 2}-CO twin-flame. The flame becomes highly unstable with the introduction of an externally excited flow oscillation.

Ahsan R. Choudhuri

2006-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

57

An investigation of the effectiveness of anhydrous mud acid to remove damage in sandstone formations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of this experimental research was to determine the reactivity of anhydrous mud acid with clay minerals present in sandstone formations and its ability to remove damage in sandstone acidizing. Berea core flood experiments were conducted with a mixture of carbon dioxide, hydrogen chloride and hydrogen fluoride. These tests were carried out with oven dried cores and cores at irreducible water saturation. Anhydrous mud acid appears to be reactive with all the cores tested. However, it does not have the ability to reduce damage as hoped. The aqueous phase is required to transport the products of the reaction. To confirm this, other tests with a mixture of 75% C02 and 25% aqueous acid by volume were done and again found to be reactive with the cores tested but were unable to remove the products of the reactions. Salt water afterflushes were done on these cores and the dissolved material was able to be transported out of the core. Therefore, it appears aqueous acid is required in an amount greater than 25% by volume to remove damage effectively in sandstone mud acidizing treatments utilizing C02 as a conjugate fluid.

Haase, Dalan David

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Investigation to Discover Most Effective Method of Teaching Target Costing to Construction-Minded Individuals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The construction industry is in the midst of a progressive change in the way projects unfold from design and development to closeout and maintenance. There is a greater demand on contractors to build projects faster, with higher quality and an increased level of detail, while keeping costs lower than ever. Therefore, to meet such demands contractors must turn to an alternative approach of improving product and process with target costing. However, the adoption of target costing by the construction industry has been slow due to limitations in user understanding of the system. The objective of this paper is to identify an effective approach for teaching target costing to construction-focused individuals, by establishing improved user understanding with visual aids, and by determining if user comprehension is influenced by the complexity of the visual supports provided in the lessons. The study challenged the long-implied assumption that the construction community is composed of visual learners, while also differentiating between the levels of success for supporting figures based upon their degree of detail. Results of this study will provide the basis for the development of target costing material that is designed specifically for use in the education of construction industry professionals in Target Cost Estimating.

Hullum, Joshua James

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Computational Investigation of Glycosylation Effects on a Family 1 Carbohydrate-Binding Module  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Carbohydrate-binding modules (CBMs) are ubiquitous components of glycoside hydrolases, which degrade polysaccharides in nature. CBMs target specific polysaccharides, and CBM binding affinity to cellulose is known to be proportional to cellulase activity, such that increasing binding affinity is an important component of performance improvement. To ascertain the impact of protein and glycan engineering on CBM binding, we use molecular simulation to quantify cellulose binding of a natively glycosylated Family 1 CBM. To validate our approach, we first examine aromatic-carbohydrate interactions on binding, and our predictions are consistent with previous experiments, showing that a tyrosine to tryptophan mutation yields a 2-fold improvement in binding affinity. We then demonstrate that enhanced binding of 3-6-fold over a nonglycosylated CBM is achieved by the addition of a single, native mannose or a mannose dimer, respectively, which has not been considered previously. Furthermore, we show that the addition of a single, artificial glycan on the anterior of the CBM, with the native, posterior glycans also present, can have a dramatic impact on binding affinity in our model, increasing it up to 140-fold relative to the nonglycosylated CBM. These results suggest new directions in protein engineering, in that modifying glycosylation patterns via heterologous expression, manipulation of culture conditions, or introduction of artificial glycosylation sites, can alter CBM binding affinity to carbohydrates and may thus be a general strategy to enhance cellulase performance. Our results also suggest that CBM binding studies should consider the effects of glycosylation on binding and function.

Taylor, C. B.; Talib, M. F.; McCabe, C.; Bu, L.; Adney, W. S.; Himmel, M. E.; Crowley, M. F.; Beckham, G. T.

2012-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

60

Investigation of the effect of gel residue on hydraulic fracture conductivity using dynamic fracture conductivity test  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The key to producing gas from tight gas reservoirs is to create a long, highly conductive flow path, via the placement of a hydraulic fracture, to stimulate flow from the reservoir to the wellbore. Viscous fluid is used to transport proppant into the fracture. However, these same viscous fluids need to break to a thin fluid after the treatment is over so that the fracture fluid can be cleaned up. In shallower, lower temperature (less than 250°F) reservoirs, the choice of a fracture fluid is very critical to the success of the treatment. Current hydraulic fracturing methods in unconventional tight gas reservoirs have been developed largely through ad-hoc application of low-cost water fracs, with little optimization of the process. It seems clear that some of the standard tests and models are missing some of the physics of the fracturing process in low-permeability environments. A series of the extensive laboratory "dynamic fracture conductivity" tests have been conducted. Dynamic fracture conductivity is created when proppant slurry is pumped into a hydraulic fracture in low permeability rock. Unlike conventional fracture conductivity tests in which proppant is loaded into the fracture artificially, we pump proppant/ fracturing fluid slurries into a fracture cell, dynamically placing the proppant just as it occurs in the field. Test results indicate that increasing gel concentration decreases retained fracture conductivity for a constant gas flow rate and decreasing gas flow rate decreases retained fracture conductivity. Without breaker, the damaging effect of viscous hydraulic fracturing fluids on the conductivity of proppant packs is significant at temperature of 150°F. Static conductivity testing results in higher retained fracture conductivity when compared to dynamic conductivity testing.

Marpaung, Fivman

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "investigate non-targeted effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Investigation of the effect of gel residue on hydraulic fracture conductivity using dynamic fracture conductivity test  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The key to producing gas from tight gas reservoirs is to create a long, highly conductive flow path, via the placement of a hydraulic fracture, to stimulate flow from the reservoir to the wellbore. Viscous fluid is used to transport proppant into the fracture. However, these same viscous fluids need to break to a thin fluid after the treatment is over so that the fracture fluid can be cleaned up. In shallower, lower temperature (less than 250oF) reservoirs, the choice of a fracture fluid is very critical to the success of the treatment. Current hydraulic fracturing methods in unconventional tight gas reservoirs have been developed largely through ad-hoc application of low-cost water fracs, with little optimization of the process. It seems clear that some of the standard tests and models are missing some of the physics of the fracturing process in low-permeability environments. A series of the extensive laboratory “dynamic fracture conductivity” tests have been conducted. Dynamic fracture conductivity is created when proppant slurry is pumped into a hydraulic fracture in low permeability rock. Unlike conventional fracture conductivity tests in which proppant is loaded into the fracture artificially, we pump proppant/ fracturing fluid slurries into a fracture cell, dynamically placing the proppant just as it occurs in the field. Test results indicate that increasing gel concentration decreases retained fracture conductivity for a constant gas flow rate and decreasing gas flow rate decreases retained fracture conductivity. Without breaker, the damaging effect of viscous hydraulic fracturing fluids on the conductivity of proppant packs is significant at temperature of 150oF. Static conductivity testing results in higher retained fracture conductivity when compared to dynamic conductivity testing.

Marpaung, Fivman

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Internal Electric Field Investigations of a Cadmium Zinc Telluride Detector Using Synchrotron X-ray Mapping and Pockels Effect Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) has remained a major focus of research due to its promising application as a room-temperature nuclear radiation detector material. Among the several parameters that substantially affect the detectors' performance, an important one is the distribution of the internal electric field. Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) employed synchrotron x-ray microscale mapping and measurements of the Pockels effect to investigate the distribution of the internal electric field in a CZT strip detector. Direct evidence that dislocations can distort the internal electric field of the detector was obtained. Furthermore, it was found that 'star' defects in the CZT crystal, possibly ascribed to dislocation loop punching, cause charge trapping.

Yang, G.; Bolotnikov, A; Camarda, G; Cui, Y; Hossain, A; Yao, H; James, R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Preliminary investigation of actinide and xenon reactivity effects in accelerator transmutation of waste high-flux systems  

SciTech Connect

The possibility of an unstable positive reactivity growth in an accelerator transmutation of waste (ATW)-type high-flux system is investigated. While it has always been clear that xenon is an important actor in the reactivity response of a system to flux changes, it has been suggested that in very high thermal flux transuranic burning systems, a positive, unstable reactivity growth could be caused by the actinides alone. Initial system reactivity response to flux changes caused by the actinides and xenon are investigated separately. The maximum change in reactivity after a flux change caused by the effect of the changing quantities of actinides is generally at least two orders of magnitude smaller than either the positive or negative reactivity effect associated with xenon after a shutdown or startup. In any transient flux event, the reactivity response of the system to xenon will generally occlude the response caused by the actinides. The capabilities and applications of both the current actinide model and the xenon model are discussed. Finally, the need for a complete dynamic model for the high-flux fluid-fueled ATW system is addressed.

Olson, K.R.; Henderson, D.L. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Engineering Physics; Woosley, M.L. Jr. [Univ. of virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Nuclear Engineering; Sailor, W.C. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Effect of Ce composition on the structural and electronic characteristics of some metal hydride electrodes: A XANES and EXAFS investigation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Substitution of the B component in the prototype AB{sub 5} type (LaNi{sub 5}) metal hydride alloys have resulted in their increased acceptance as anodes for rechargeable alkaline batteries. Recently substitution of the A component (La) for imparting properties such as increased corrosion resistance has received attention. This investigation deals with the role of Ce as a substituent for the La and its effect in terms of corrosion resistance. The alloys chosen have the general composition of La{sub x}Ce{sub 1-x}B{sub 5} (x = 1, 0.8, 0.5 and 0.25) where B is Ni{sub 3.55}CO{sub 0.75}Mn{sub 0.4}Al{sub 0.3} together with alloys containing the mischmetal (Mm) as the A component (both synthetic and commercial). Electrochemical cycling results show that Ce lowers the capacity loss in the alloys and that this effect is not a simple function of the extent of lattice expansion during hydriding as was previously suggested. Correlation of the electrochemical and XAS results show that capacity loss is directly related to the extent of Ni corrosion. Effect of Ce substitution seems to result in a stable Ce oxide hydroxide coating which imparts the corrosion resistance.

Mukerjee, S.; McBreen, J.; Reilly, J.J.; Johnson, J.R.; Adzic, G. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Kumar, M.P.S.; Zhang, W.; Srinivasan, S. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Center for Electrochemical Systems and Hydrogen Research

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

65

Mechanistic investigations of condensed-phase energetic-material decomposition processes using the kinetic deuterium isotope effect  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The condensed phase kinetic deuterium isotope effect (KDIE) approach directly reveals the rate-controlling mechanistic step that ultimately determines the rate at which energy is released by an energetic material's thermochemical decomposition process. This paper reviews the KDIE concept and discusses previous condensed phase KDIE mechanistic investigations conducted during the thermochemical decomposition process of various nitroaromatic (TNT, HNBB, TATB) and nitramine (HMX, RDX) compounds using isothermal DSC and TGA analyses. Isothermal DSC evaluation methods used for obtaining an energetic compound's KDIE and in determining its rate-controlling step are outlined, and the possible dependence of the rate-limiting step on a energetic compound's physical state during the thermochemical decomposition process is considered.

Shackelford, S.A.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Investigation of the effect of welding parameters on weld quality of plasma arc keyhole welding of structural steels  

SciTech Connect

In the present investigation, the individual and interactive effects of the main welding parameters on weld quality of plasma arc keyhole welding of conventional structural steel, high strength microalloyed steel and strong formable microalloyed steel have been examined using welding of butt joints with a square groove in various welding positions, and welding of joint roots with a single-V-groove and the root face in the flat position. The most important welding parameters are welding current, welding speed and welding gases, especially plasma gas flow rate. Welding parameter combinations producing the best quality welds are presented. It is shown that it is possible to achieve defect-free high-quality welds with good strength and toughness properties, but the allowable range of variation of welding parameters, especially for the highest weld quality, is narrow. An argonhydrogen mixture for the plasma gas together with argon as shielding and backing gases give the best results with respect to weld quality.

Martikainen, J.K.; Moisio, T.J.I. (Lappeenranta Univ. of Technology, Lappeenranta (Finland). Welding Technology Lab.)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Experimental investigation of size effect on thermal conductivity for ultra-thin amorphous poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An investigation was conducted to determine whether a “size effect” phenomenon for one particular thermophysical property, thermal conductivity, actually exists for amorphous poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) films with thicknesses ranging from 40 nm to 2 ?m. This was done by using a non-contact, non-invasive, in-situ Transient Thermo-Reflectance (TTR) laser based technique. The results demonstrated that the intrinsic thermal conductivity of a 40 nm PMMA film deposited on native oxide of silicon increases by a factor of three over bulk PMMA values, and a distinct increase in the thermal conductivity of PMMA film was observed in ultra-thin (sub 100 nm) films. This confirmed the importance of film thickness for the through-plane thermal conductivity value of PMMA film on native oxide of silicon.

Kim, Ick Chan

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Numerical investigation of the ion temperature effect in magnetized plasma sheath with two species of positive ions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of ion temperature, magnitude of magnetic field and its orientation on a magnetized plasma sheath consisting of electrons and two species of positive ions are investigated. Using three-fluid hydrodynamic model and some dimensionless variables, the dimensionless equations are obtained and solved numerically. It is found that with the increase of the ion temperature and magnetic field strength there is a significant change in ion densities and energies in the sheath. It is also noticed that increase of magnetic field angle enhances the ion density near the sheath edge for a constant ion temperature. With increase in ion temperature and magnetic field angle, the lighter ion density near the sheath edge enhances and reverses for the heavier ion species.

Shaw, A. K.; Goswami, K. S.; Saikia, B. J. [Centre of Plasma Physics-Institute for Plasma Research, Sonapur-782 402, Guwahati, Kamrup (M) (India); Kar, S. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar-382 428, Gujarat (India)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

69

Experiments to investigate the effect of flight path on direct containment heating (DCH) in the Surtsey test facility  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of the Limited Flight Path (LFP) test series was to investigate the effect of reactor subcompartment flight path length on direct containment heating (DCH). The test series consisted of eight experiments with nominal flight paths of 1, 2, or 8 m. A thermitically generated mixture of iron, chromium, and alumina simulated the corium melt of a severe reactor accident. After thermite ignition, superheated steam forcibly ejected the molten debris into a 1:10 linear scale the model of a dry reactor cavity. The blowdown steam entrained the molten debris and dispersed it into the Surtsey vessel. The vessel pressure, gas temperature, debris temperature, hydrogen produced by steam/metal reactions, debris velocity, mass dispersed into the Surtsey vessel, and debris particle size were measured for each experiment. The measured peak pressure for each experiment was normalized by the total amount of energy introduced into the Surtsey vessel; the normalized pressures increased with lengthened flight path. The debris temperature at the cavity exit was about 2320 K. Gas grab samples indicated that steam in the cavity reacted rapidly to form hydrogen, so the driving gas was a mixture of steam and hydrogen. These experiments indicate that debris may be trapped in reactor subcompartments and thus will not efficiently transfer heat to gas in the upper dome of a containment building. The effect of deentrainment by reactor subcompartments may significantly reduce the peak containment load in a severe reactor accident. 8 refs., 49 figs., 6 tabs.

Allen, M.D.; Pilch, M.; Griffith, R.O. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)); Nichols, R.T. (Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States))

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

An investigation of the effect of pore scale flow on average geochemical reaction rates using direct numerical simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The scale-dependence of geochemical reaction rates hinders their use in continuum scale models intended for the interpretation and prediction of chemical fate and transport in subsurface environments such as those considered for geologic sequestration of CO{sub 2}. Processes that take place at the pore scale, especially those involving mass transport limitations to reactive surfaces, may contribute to the discrepancy commonly observed between laboratory-determined and continuum-scale or field rates. Here, the dependence of mineral dissolution rates on the pore structure of the porous media is investigated by means of pore scale modeling of flow and multicomponent reactive transport. The pore scale model is comprised of high performance simulation tools and algorithms for incompressible flow and conservative transport combined with a general-purpose multicomponent geochemical reaction code. The model performs direct numerical simulation of reactive transport based on an operator-splitting approach to coupling transport and reactions. The approach is validated with a Poiseuille flow single-pore experiment and verified with an equivalent 1D continuum-scale model of a capillary tube packed with calcite spheres. Using the case of calcite dissolution as an example, the high resolution model is used to demonstrate that non-uniformity in the flow field at the pore scale has the effect of decreasing the overall reactivity of the system, even when systems with identical reactive surface area are considered. The effect becomes more pronounced as the heterogeneity of the reactive grain packing increases, particularly where the flow slows sufficiently such that the solution approaches equilibrium locally and the average rate becomes transport-limited.

Rafa, S. Molins; Trebotich, D.; Steefel, C. I.; Shen, C.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

The effect of Ru and Sn additions to Pt on the electrocatalysis of methanol oxidation: An in situ XAS investigation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Elements such as Ru and Sn used as ad-atoms or as alloying elements are known to enhance methanol oxidation reaction (MOR). Ru, both as alloying element as well as upd deposited on Pt/C is widely acknowledged for enhancing MOR. Sn on the other hand is more controversial, with evidence indicating enhancements for MOR when present as upd layer and marginally effective when present as an alloying element. In situ XAS is used to investigate some of these inconsistencies in the electrocatalysis of MOR. Results indicate that alloying Sn with Pt (Pt{sub 3}Sn primary phase) causes partial filling of the Pt 5 d-band vacancies and increase in the Pt-Pt bond distances which is directly opposite to a similar situation with Ru. Upd Sn however does not perturb Pt structurally or electronically. Ru and Sn (both as alloying element and as upd ad-layer) are associated with oxygenated species, the nature and strength of the Ru. and Sn - oxygen interactions are potential dependent. Hence alloying with Sn renders Pt surface unfavorable for methanol adsorption in contrast to alloying with Ru. Both Ru and Sn however promote MOR via their ability to nucleate oxygenated species on their surface at lower potentials as compared to pure Pt.

Mukerjee, S.; McBreen, J.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Investigating the effectiveness of many-core network processors for high performance cyber protection systems. Part I, FY2011.  

SciTech Connect

This report documents our first year efforts to address the use of many-core processors for high performance cyber protection. As the demands grow for higher bandwidth (beyond 1 Gbits/sec) on network connections, the need to provide faster and more efficient solution to cyber security grows. Fortunately, in recent years, the development of many-core network processors have seen increased interest. Prior working experiences with many-core processors have led us to investigate its effectiveness for cyber protection tools, with particular emphasis on high performance firewalls. Although advanced algorithms for smarter cyber protection of high-speed network traffic are being developed, these advanced analysis techniques require significantly more computational capabilities than static techniques. Moreover, many locations where cyber protections are deployed have limited power, space and cooling resources. This makes the use of traditionally large computing systems impractical for the front-end systems that process large network streams; hence, the drive for this study which could potentially yield a highly reconfigurable and rapidly scalable solution.

Wheeler, Kyle Bruce; Naegle, John Hunt; Wright, Brian J.; Benner, Robert E., Jr.; Shelburg, Jeffrey Scott; Pearson, David Benjamin; Johnson, Joshua Alan; Onunkwo, Uzoma A.; Zage, David John; Patel, Jay S.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Comprehensive Investigation of the Uranium-Zirconium Alloy System: Thermophysical Properties, Phase Characterization and Ion Implantation Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Uranium-zirconium (U-Zr) alloys comprise a class of metallic nuclear fuel that is regularly considered for application in fast nuclear energy systems. The U-10wt%Zr alloy has been demonstrated to very high burnup without cladding breach in the Experimental Breeder Reactor-II (EBR-II). This was accomplished by successfully accommodating gaseous fission products with low smear density fuel and an enlarged cladding plenum. Fission gas swelling behavior of the fuel has been experimentally revealed to be significantly affected by the temperature gradient within a fuel pin and the multiple phase morphologies that exist across the fuel pin. However, the phase effects on swelling behavior have not been yet fully accounted for in existing fuel performance models which tend to assume the fuel exists as a homogeneous single phase medium across the entire fuel pin. Phase effects on gas bubble nucleation and growth in the alloy were investigated using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). To achieve this end, a comprehensive examination of the alloy system was carried out. This included the fabrication of uranium alloys containing 0.1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 wt% zirconium by melt-casting. These alloys were characterized using electron probe micro-analysis (EPMA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Once the alloys were satisfactorily characterized, selected U-Zr alloys were irradiated with 140 keV He^(+) ions at fluences ranging from 1 × 10^(14) to 5 × 10^(16) ions/cm^(2). Metallographic and micro-chemical analysis of the alloys indicated that annealing at 600 °C equilibrates the alloys within 168 h to have stable ?-U and ?-UZr_(2) phase morphologies. This was in contrast to some reported data that showed kinetically sluggish ?-UZr_(2) phase formation. Phase transformation temperatures and enthalpies were measured using DSC-TGA for each of the alloys. Measured temperatures from different time annealed alloys have shown consistent matches with most of the features in the current U-Zr phase diagram which further augmented the EPMA observed microstructural equilibrium. Nevertheless, quantitative transformation enthalpy analysis also suggests potential errors in the existing U-Zr binary phase diagram. More specifically, the (?-U, ?2) phase region does not appear to be present in Zr-rich (> 15 wt%) U-Zr alloys and so further investigation may be required. To prepare TEM specimens, characterized U-Zr alloys were mechanically thinned to a thickness of ~150 ?m, and then electropolished using a 5% perchloric acid/95% methanol electrolyte. Uranium-rich phase was preferentially thinned in two phase alloys, giving saw-tooth shaped perforated boundaries; the alloy images were very clear and alloy characterization was accomplished. During in-situ heating U-10Zr and U-20Zr alloys up to 810 °C, selected area diffraction (SAD) patterns were observed as the structure evolved up to ~690 °C and the expected ?-U ? ?-U phase transformation at 662 °C was never observed. For the temperature range of the (?-U, ?2) phase region, phase transformation driven diffusion was observed as uranium moved into Zr-rich phase matrix in U-20Zr alloy; this was noted as nonuniform bridging of adjacent phase lamellae in the alloy. From the irradiation tests, nano-scale voids were discovered to be evenly distributed over several micrometers in U-40Zr alloys. For the alloys irradiated at the fluences of 1 × 10^(16) and 5 × 10^(16) ions/cm^(2), estimated void densities were proportional to the irradiation doses, (250 ± 40) and (1460 ± 30) /?m^(2), while void sizes were fairly constant, (6.0 ± 1.5) and (5.2 ± 1.2) nm, respectively. Measured data could be foundational inputs to the further development of a semi-empirical metal fuel performance model.

Ahn, Sangjoon

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

An Investigation with a General Circulation Model of the Climatic Effects of Cloud Albedo Changes Caused by Atmospheric Pollution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hemispheric general circulation model, with fixed zonally averaged cloud cover, was used to investigate the climatic impact of increased albedo of low-level clouds caused by atmospheric pollution. The albedo of these clouds was increased from ...

B. G. Hunt

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Investigating the effects of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments on inputs to coal-fired power plants.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation examines the effects of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) on inputs to coal-fired power plants. The 1990 CAAA established a system… (more)

Lange, Ian

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: 2011 Current Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investigation of non-targeted effects of low dose ionizing radiation on the mammary gland utilizing three-dimensional culture models of mammary cells derived from mouse strains...

77

A Three-Dimensional Radiative Transfer Model to Investigate the Solar Radiation within a Cloudy Atmosphere. Part I: Spatial Effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new Monte Carlo–based three-dimensional (3D) radiative transfer model of high spectral and spatial resolution is presented. It is used to investigate the difference in broadband solar radiation absorption, top-of-the-atmosphere upwelling, and ...

William O’Hirok; Catherine Gautier

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

A Three-Dimensional Radiative Transfer Model to Investigate the Solar Radiation within a Cloudy Atmosphere. Part II: Spectral Effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this second part of a two-part paper, the spectral response of the interaction between gases, cloud droplets, and solar radiation is investigated using a Monte Carlo-based three-dimensional (3D) radiative transfer model with a spectral ...

William O’Hirok; Catherine Gautier

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Investigation of the effect of a circular patch of vegetation on turbulence generation and sediment deposition using four case studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study describes the spatial distribution of sediment deposition in the wake of a circular patch of model vegetation and the effect of the patch on turbulence and mean flow. Two difference types pf vegetation were used ...

Ortiz, Alejandra C

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Effects of Mountain Uplift on East Asian Summer Climate Investigated by a Coupled Atmosphere–Ocean GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To study the effects of progressive mountain uplift on East Asian summer climate, a series of coupled general circulation model (CGCM) experiments were performed. Eight different mountain heights were used: 0% (no mountain), 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, ...

Akio Kitoh

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

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81

Investigation of the internal electric field in cadmium zinc telluride detectors using the Pockels effect and the analysis of charge transients  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Pockels electro-optic effect can be used to investigate the internal electric field in cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) single crystals that are used to fabricate room temperature x and gamma radiation detectors. An agreement is found between the electric field mapping obtained from Pockels effect images and the measurements of charge transients generated by alpha particles. The Pockels effect images of a CZT detector along two mutually perpendicular directions are used to optimize the detector response in a dual anode configuration, a device in which the symmetry of the internal electric field with respect to the anode strips is of critical importance. The Pockels effect is also used to map the electric field in a CZT detector with dual anodes and an attempt is made to find a correlation with the simulated electric potential in such detectors. Finally, the stress-induced birefringence effects seen in the Pockels images are presented and discussed.

Groza, Michael; Cui Yunlong; Buliga, Vladimir; Guo, Mingsheng; Coca, Constantine; Burger, Arnold [Department of Physics, Fisk University, 1000 17th Ave., Nashville, Tennessee 37208 (United States); Krawczynski, Henric; Garson, Alfred III; Martin, Jerrad W.; Lee, Kuen; Li Qiang; Beilicke, Matthias [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Washington University in St. Louis, 1 Brookings Dr., CB 1105, St. Louis, Missouri 61130 (United States)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

82

Investigation of effective parameters on the traverse of root of the gas turbine blade by design of experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Creep feed grinding is widely used in manufacturing suppe-ralloy materials. The main objectives of this research deal with the influences of major process parameters and their interactions of creep feed grinding process such as wheel speed, workpiece ... Keywords: analysis of variance, creep feed grinding, interactive effect, regression, traverse

A. R. Fazeli Nahrekhalaji

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

The evaluation of environmental effects in toughened ceramics for advanced heat engines investigation of selected SiC and Si sub 3 N sub 4 ceramics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The primary focus of this project is an investigation of the effects of environment on the mechanical behavior of commercially available ceramic materials being considered for use in heat engines. Based on results from an earlier study, three materials, two Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} and one SiC, were selected for further characterization and evaluation. Microstructure, chemistry, physical characteristics, and mechanical properties at 25{degree}C and 1450{degree}C were investigated. 25 refs., 32 figs., 27 tabs.

Hecht, N.L.; Graves, G.A.; McCullum, D.E.; Berens, A.P.; Goodrich, S.; Wolf, J.D.; Hoenigman, J.R.; Yaney, P.; Grant, D.; Hilton, S. (Dayton Univ., OH (USA). Research Inst.)

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Final Technical Report: First Principles Investigations for the Ensemble Effects of PdAu and PtAu Bimetallic Nanocatalysts  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Bimetallic surfaces with tunable chemical properties have attracted broad attention in recent years due to their ample potential for heterogeneous catalysis applications. The local chemical properties of constituents are strongly altered from their parent metals by 'ligand effect', a term encompassing the influences of charge transfer, orbital rehybridization and lattice strain. In comparison to the aforementioned, the 'ensemble effect' associated with particular arrangements of the active constituents have received much less attention, despite their notable importance towards the determination of reactivity and selectivity of bimetallic catalysts. We performed theoretical studies for understanding the ensemble effects on bimetallic catalysis: (i) simulations for the formation of different ensembles on PdAu and PtAu nanoclusters; (ii) studies of the size, shape, and substrate dependence of their electronic properties; and (iii) simulations for model reactions such as CO oxidation, methanol, ethylene and water dehydrogenation on PdAu and PtAu nanoclusters. In close collaboration with leading experimental groups, our theoretical research elucidated the fundamentals of Au based bimetallic nanocatalysts.

Ruqian Wu

2012-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

85

Computational Investigation of FeS2 Surfaces and Prediction of Effects of Sulfur Environment on Stabilities  

SciTech Connect

Density functional theory calculations were employed to investigate the (001), (210), (III), and (110) surfaces of, F~S2' The surface free ene:gies were calculated in equilibrium with a sulfur environment using firstpnnclples based thermodynamics approach. Surfaces that feature metal atoms in their outermost layer are predicted to be higher m energy. Wlthm the studied subset of (I x I) terminations, the stoichiometric (001) surface termmated by a layer of sulfur atoms is the most stable for sulfur-lean condition. For increasingly sulfur-nch enVIronment, two structures were found to have notably lower surface energies compared to others. They have (210) and (Ill) orientation, both terminated by layers of sulfur. Interestingly, these surfaces are nonstoichiometric exhibiting an excess of sulfur atoms.

Alfonso, D.R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Mechanistic relationships of the decomposition process to combustion and explosion events from kinetic deuterium-isotope-effect investigations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The condensed-phase kinetic deuterium isotope effect (KDIE) approach directly determines the overall rate-controlling mechanistic step of an energetic material's complex thermochemical decomposition process. This second paper discusses extending the KDIE approach into progressively more drastic high temperature/pressure/rate regimes encountered with pyrolytic decomposition/deflagration, combustion, thermal explosion, and detonation incidents in order to determine the rate-controlling step of each. This rate-controlling step provides a common basis for comparing the mechanistic similarities or differences among these high energy incidents; and possible relationships between the thermochemical decomposition process and higher order combustion or explosion incidents are described for HMX, RDX, TATB, and TNT. The KDIE determined rate-controlling step between a pure nitramine compound and a formulated energetic material also is compared.

Shackelford, S.A.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Experimental investigation of pressure and blockage effects on combustion limits in H{sub 2}-air-steam mixtures  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Experiments with hydrogen-air-steam mixtures, such as those found within a containment system following a reactor accident, were conducted in the Heated Detonation Tube (43 cm diameter and 12 m long) to determine the region of benign combustion; i.e., the region between the flammability limits and the deflagration-to-detonation transition limits. Obstacles were used to accelerate the flame; these include 30% blockage ratio annular rings, and alternate rings and disks of 60% blockage ratio. The initial conditions were 110 {degree}C and one or three atmospheres pressure. A benign burning region exists for rich mixtures, but is generally smaller than for lean mixtures. Effects of the different obstacles and of the different pressures are discussed.

Sherman, M.P.; Berman, M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Beyer, R.F. [Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (US)

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Investigating the Influence of the Added Mass Effect to Marine Hydrokinetic Horizontal-Axis Turbines Using a General Dynamic Wake Wind Turbine Code  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investigating the Influence of Investigating the Influence of the Added Mass Effect to Marine Hydrokinetic Horizontal-Axis Turbines Using a General Dynamic Wake Wind Turbine Code D.C. Maniaci Pennsylvania State University Y. Li National Renewable Energy Laboratory Presented at the Oceans 11 Conference Kona, Hawaii September 19-21, 2011 Conference Paper NREL/CP-5000-52306 October 2011 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and Alliance retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes.

89

Ne{sup +} ion sputtering effect on amorphous Ga-In-Zn-O thin-film surface investigated by high-resolution XPS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of Ne{sup +} ion sputtering on amorphous Ga-In-Zn-O (a-GIZO) thin films was investigated by using surface-sensitive, synchrotron-radiation-based, high-resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). a-GIZO thin films having different compositions (Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3}:In{sub 2}O{sub 3}:ZnO = 1:1:1, 2:2:1, 3:2:1, 4:2:1) were investigated. It was found out that the amounts of the In and Zn contents relative to that of Ga decreased noticeably after sufficient sputtering, and that there occurred a subgap state above the valence band maximum and metallic states at the In 3d and 4d core levels as well as at the Fermi edge.

Kang, Se-Jun; Lee, Mi Ji [Department of Physics, POSTECH, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Baik, Jae Yoon; Kim, Hyeong-Do; Thakur, Anup [Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, POSTECH, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Shin, Hyun-Joon [Department of Physics, POSTECH, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, POSTECH, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Chung, JaeGwan; Lee, Eunha; Lee, Jaecheol; Lee, JaeHak [A E Group, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Yongin-si 440-712 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

90

Investigation of the Effect of Non-Darcy Flow and Multi-Phase Flow on the Productivity of Hydraulically Fractured Gas Wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydraulic fracturing has recently been the completion of choice for most tight gas bearing formations. It has proven successful to produce these formations in a commercial manner. However, some considerations have to be taken into account to design an optimum stimulation treatment that leads to the maximum possible productivity. These considerations include, but not limited to, non-Darcy flow and multiphase flow effects inside the fracture. These effects reduce the fracture conductivity significantly. Failing to account for that results in overestimating the deliverability of the well and, consequently, to designing a fracture treatment that is not optimum. In this work a thorough investigation of non-Darcy flow and multi-phase flow effects on the productivity of hydraulically fractured wells is conducted and an optimum fracture design is proposed for a tight gas formation in south Texas using the Unified Fracture Design (UFD) Technique to compensate for the mentioned effects by calculating the effective fracture permeability in an iterative way. Incorporating non-Darcy effects results in an optimum fracture that is shorter and wider than the fracture when only Darcy calculations are considered. That leads to a loss of production of 5, 18 percent due to dry and multiphase non-Darcy flow effects respectively. A comparison between the UFD and 3D simulators is also done to point out the differences in terms of methodology and results. Since UFD incorporated the maximum dimensionless productivity index in the fracture dimensions design, unlike 3D simulators, it can be concluded that using UFD to design the fracture treatment and then use the most important fracture parameters outputs (half length and CfDopt) as inputs in the simulators is a recommended approach.

Alarbi, Nasraldin Abdulslam A.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Experimental Investigation of the Effect Of Zeolite Coating Thickness on the Performance of a Novel Zeolite-Water Adsorption Heat Pump Module  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A novel zeolite-water absorption heat pump module comprising an adsorber, an evaporator and a condenser heat exchanger as well as a module non-return valve in a hermetically sealed vessel is introduced. The investigated adsorber heat exchanger is an extruded aluminum finned-tube heat exchanger coated with AQSOA-Z02 zeolite of Mitsubishi Plastics Incorporation (MPI). The effect of the Zeolite layer thickness (300 and 500 micrometers) on the performance of the heat pump module has been experimentally investigated under different operating conditions related to floor heating systems in Middle Europe. A coefficient of performance (COP) of 1.18 has been measured with the 300 micrometers coated adsorber at a return temperature of 35 C, increasing 1.23 at a return temperature of 25 C. With the 500 micrometer coated adsorber, the measured COPs have been enhanced to 1.27 and 1.35, respectively. This enhancement has been attributed to the increase of the ration between zeolite and heat exchanger heat capacities.

Dawoud, B.; Hofle, P.; Chmielewski, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Preliminary investigation of the effects of coal-water slurry fuels on the combustion in GE coal fueled diesel engine (Task 1. 1. 2. 2. 1, Fuels)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In prior work with the coal fired diesel research engine, a necessity to determine the sensitivity of the engine to a wider range of fuels was resolved and included in the R and D Test Plan submitted on 2/9/89. In general, the economic viability and universal acceptance of the commercial engine will be a factor of its ability to tolerate the widest range of source fuels with minimal fuel beneficiation. As detailed in the R and D Test Plan, a preliminary investigation on the effects of coal-water slurry (CWS) fuels on the combustion in a GE single cylinder test engine was conducted. The following conclusions are obtained from this investigation. All the test CWS fuels were successfully burned in the GE engine combustion system. They include: 3 to 15 microns mean particle size; 0.7 to 2.8% ash level; KY Blue Gem and PA Mariana bituminous coal, WY Kemmer and Spring Creek Sub-Bituminous coal; coal beneficiated with physical and chemical processes; two kinds of additives for OTISCA CWS; and burnout is not effected by ash or particle size within the test range. For each kind of CWS fuel, the detail design parameters of the fuel injection system has to be compatible. With sufficiently high fuel injection pressure, the 3 micron mean particle size OTISCA fuel burns faster than the 5 micron ones. For OTISCA fuel, the burn rate using Ammonium Lignosulfonate as additive is faster than using Ammonium Condensed Naphthalene Sulfonate. Appendices contain data on heat release, fuel characterization reports from two laboratories, general engine test data, and particulate size distribution. 3 refs.

Not Available

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Experimental Investigation of the Effects of Fuel Characteristics on High Efficiency Clean Combustion (HECC) in a Light-Duty Diesel Engine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An experimental study was performed to understand fuel property effects on low temperature combustion (LTC) processes in a light-duty diesel engine. These types of combustion modes are often collectively referred to as high efficiency clean combustion (HECC). A statistically designed set of research fuels, the Fuels for Advanced Combustion Engines (FACE), were used for this study. Engine conditions consistent with low speed cruise (1500 rpm, 2.6 bar BMEP) were chosen for investigating fuel property effects on HECC operation in a GM 1.9-L common rail diesel engine. The FACE fuel matrix includes nine combinations of fuel properties including cetane number (30 to 55), aromatic contents (20 to 45 %), and 90 % distillation temperature (270 to 340 C). HECC operation was achieved with high levels of EGR and adjusting injection parameters, e.g. higher fuel rail pressure and single injection event, which is also known as Premixed Charge Compression Ignition (PCCI) combustion. Engine performance, pollutant emissions, and details of the combustion process are discussed in this paper. Cetane number was found to significantly affect the combustion process with variations in the start of injection (SOI) timing, which revealed that the ranges of SOI timing for HECC operation and the PM emission levels were distinctively different between high cetane number (55) and low cetane number fuels (30). Low cetane number fuels showed comparable levels of regulated gas emissions with high cetane number fuels and had an advantage in PM emissions.

Cho, Kukwon [ORNL; Han, Manbae [ORNL; Wagner, Robert M [ORNL; Sluder, Scott [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Incident Investigation and Reporting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents a model procedure for incident investigations based on an examination of programs at fourteen utilities believed to have good and effective procedures. The model was compiled by an expert who also drew on materials from other industries. An outline presents the basic procedure while the main text discusses in more detail alternate methods that may be preferable for a specific utility.

2003-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

95

An experimental and numerical investigation on the influence of external gas recirculation on the HCCI autoignition process in an engine: Thermal, diluting, and chemical effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to contribute to the solution of controlling the autoignition in a homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine, parameters linked to external gas recirculation (EGR) seem to be of particular interest. Experiments performed with EGR present some difficulties in interpreting results using only the diluting and thermal aspect of EGR. Lately, the chemical aspect of EGR is taken more into consideration, because this aspect causes a complex interaction with the dilution and thermal aspects of EGR. This paper studies the influence of EGR on the autoignition process and particularly the chemical aspect of EGR. The diluents present in EGR are simulated by N{sub 2} and CO{sub 2}, with dilution factors going from 0 to 46 vol%. For the chemically active species that could be present in EGR, the species CO, NO, and CH{sub 2}O are used. The initial concentration in the inlet mixture of CO and NO is varied between 0 and 170 ppm, while that of CH{sub 2}O alters between 0 and 1400 ppm. For the investigation of the effect of the chemical species on the autoignition, a fixed dilution factor of 23 vol% and a fixed EGR temperature of 70 C are maintained. The inlet temperature is held at 70 C, the equivalence ratios between 0.29 and 0.41, and the compression ratio at 10.2. The fuels used for the autoignition are n-heptane and PRF40. It appeared that CO, in the investigated domain, did not influence the ignition delays, while NO had two different effects. At concentrations up until 45 ppm, NO advanced the ignition delays for the PRF40 and at higher concentrations, the ignition delayed. The influence of NO on the autoignition of n-heptane seemed to be insignificant, probably due to the higher burn rate of n-heptane. CH{sub 2}O seemed to delay the ignition. The results suggested that especially the formation of OH radicals or their consumption by the chemical additives determines how the reactivity of the autoignition changed. (author)

Machrafi, Hatim; Cavadias, Simeon [UPMC Universite Paris 06, LGPPTS, Ecole Nationale Superieure de Chimie de Paris, 11, rue de Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris (France); UPMC Universite Paris 06, FRT, Institut Jean Le Rond D'Alembert, 2, place de la Gare de Ceinture, 78210 St Cyr l'Ecole (France); Guibert, Philippe [UPMC Universite Paris 06, FRT, Institut Jean Le Rond D'Alembert, 2, place de la Gare de Ceinture, 78210 St Cyr l'Ecole (France)

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

96

Evaluation of ANSI N42-17A by investigating the effects of temperature and humidity on the response of radiological instruments  

SciTech Connect

The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) N42.17A-1989 standard`s performance criteria and test methods has been evaluated by investigating the effects of temperature and humidity on the response of 105 portable direct-reading radiological instruments (45 beta-gamma survey meters, 32 neutron rem meters, 1O alpha contamination and 18 tritium-in-air monitors). The US Department of Energy (DOE) mandates the use of ANSI standards for the calibration and performance testing of radiological instruments, and requires that instruments be appropriate for existing environmental conditions. Random tests conducted in an environmental chamber determined the effects of temperatures ranging from {minus}10{degree}C to 50{degree}C and humidity at levels of 40% RH and 95% RH on the response of a cross section of instruments used in routine health physics operations at Los Alamos. The following instruments were tested: Eberline RO-2 and RO-C ionization chambers, Eberline E-530 survey meter with the Model HP-C stainless steel Geiger-Muller (G) wall probe, Eberline PIC-6A and PIC-6B ion chambers, Eberline ESP-1 survey meter with the Model HP-260 pancake G detector, Ludlum 3 survey meter with the Model 44-6 stainless steel G wall probe, Eberline ESP-1, ESP-2 and PAR-4 survey meters with the neutron rem detector, Health Physics Instruments 2080 survey meter with the moderator detector, Ludlum 139 survey meter with the Model 43-32 air-proportional alpha detector, and the Overhoff 394-C, Johnston J-111 and J-110 tritium monitors. Experimental results encompass 1128 temperature tests (1269-hours exposure in the chamber) and 735 humidity tests (1890-hours exposure in the chamber). The study shows the standard`s test requirement for temperature at or near the extreme conditions, and the standard`s test requirement for humidity at 95% RH may be too restrictive for instruments used in the work environment.

Clement, R.S.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Experimental investigation into the effect of reformer gas addition on flame speed and flame front propagation in premixed, homogeneous charge gasoline engines  

SciTech Connect

The effect of reformer gas addition to gasoline in internal combustion engines is assessed based on in-cylinder measurement techniques. These include ion sensors, an optical spark plug and heat release analysis from the cylinder pressure. A detailed analysis of these measurements is presented, giving insight into the combustion process and into the energy release. The flame front shape and propagation in the combustion chamber are reconstructed and the flame speed is estimated. The laminar flame speed has been observed to increase linearly with the energy fraction of reformer gas in the fuel blend. From pure gasoline to pure reformer gas the laminar flame speed increases by a factor of 4.4. The relative increase in the turbulent flame speed is lower. These results confirm what can be observed from the heat release analysis, that reformer gas addition mainly shortens the first phase of the combustion process. Different reformer gas compositions were tested, varying the ratio of hydrogen to inert species. Finally, flame propagation and flame speed at EGR-burn limit and at lean-burn limit are investigated. (author)

Conte, Enrico; Boulouchos, Konstantinos [Aerothermochemistry and Combustion Systems Laboratory (LAV), ETH Zurich, CH-8092 (Switzerland)

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

98

Investigation on the effects of ultra-high pressure and temperature on the rheological properties of oil-based drilling fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Designing a fit-for-purpose drilling fluid for high-pressure, high-temperature (HP/HT) operations is one of the greatest technological challenges facing the oil and gas industry today. Typically, a drilling fluid is subjected to increasing temperature and pressure with depth. While higher temperature decreases the drilling fluid’s viscosity due to thermal expansion, increased pressure increases its viscosity by compression. Under these extreme conditions, well control issues become more complicated and can easily be masked by methane and hydrogen sulfide solubility in oil-base fluids frequently used in HP/HT operations. Also current logging tools are at best not reliable since the anticipated bottom-hole temperature is often well above their operating limit. The Literature shows limited experimental data on drilling fluid properties beyond 350°F and 20,000 psig. The practice of extrapolation of fluid properties at some moderate level to extreme-HP/HT (XHP/HT) conditions is obsolete and could result in significant inaccuracies in hydraulics models. This research is focused on developing a methodology for testing drilling fluids at XHP/HT conditions using an automated viscometer. This state-of-the-art viscometer is capable of accurately measuring drilling fluids properties up to 600°F and 40,000 psig. A series of factorial experiments were performed on typical XHP/HT oil-based drilling fluids to investigate their change in rheology at these extreme conditions (200 to 600°F and 15,000 to 40,000 psig). Detailed statistical analyses involving: analysis of variance, hypothesis testing, evaluation of residuals and multiple linear regression are implemented using data from the laboratory experiments. I have developed the FluidStats program as an effective statistical tool for characterizing drilling fluids at XHP/HT conditions using factorial experiments. Results from the experiments show that different drilling fluids disintegrate at different temperatures depending on their composition (i.e. weighting agent, additives, oil/water ratio etc). The combined pressure-temperature effect on viscosity is complex. At high thresholds, the temperature effect is observed to be more dominant while the pressure effect is more pronounced at low temperatures. This research is vital because statistics show that well control incident rates for non- HP/HT wells range between 4% to 5% whereas for HP/HT wells, it is as high as 100% to 200%. It is pertinent to note that over 50% of the world’s proven oil and gas reserves lie below 14,000 ft subsea according to the Minerals Management Service (MMS). Thus drilling in HP/HT environment is fast becoming a common place especially in the Gulf of Mexico (GOM) where HP/HT resistant drilling fluids are increasingly being used to ensure safe and successful operations.

Ibeh, Chijioke Stanley

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Experimental Investigation on the Effects of Coolant Concentration on Sub-Cooled Boiling and Crud Deposition on Reactor Cladding at Prototypical PWR Operating Conditions  

SciTech Connect

Increasing demand for energy necessitates nuclear power units to increase power limits. This implies significant changes in the design of the core of the nuclear power units, therefore providing better performance and safety in operations. A major hindrance to the increase of nuclear reactor performance especially in Pressurized Deionized water Reactors (PWR) is Axial Offset Anomaly (AOA)--the unexpected change in the core axial power distribution during operation from the predicted distribution. This problem is thought to be occur because of precipitation and deposition of lithiated compounds like boric acid (H{sub 2}BO{sub 3}) and lithium metaborate (LiBO{sub 2}) on the fuel rod cladding. Deposited boron absorbs neutrons thereby affecting the total power distribution inside the reactor. AOA is thought to occur when there is sufficient build-up of crud deposits on the cladding during subcooled nucleate boiling. Predicting AOA is difficult as there is very little information regarding the heat and mass transfer during subcooled nucleate boiling. An experimental investigation was conducted to study the heat transfer characteristics during subcooled nucleate boiling at prototypical PWR conditions. Pool boiling tests were conducted with varying concentrations of lithium metaborate (LiBO{sub 2}) and boric acid (H{sub 2}BO{sub 3}) solutions in deionized water. The experimental data collected includes the effect of coolant concentration, subcooling, system pressure and heat flux on pool the boiling heat transfer coefficient. The analysis of particulate deposits formed on the fuel cladding surface during subcooled nucleate boiling was also performed. The results indicate that the pool boiling heat transfer coefficient degrades in the presence of boric acid and lithium metaborate compared to pure deionized water due to lesser nucleation. The pool boiling heat transfer coefficients decreased by about 24% for 5000 ppm concentrated boric acid solution and by 27% for 5000 ppm lithium metaborate solution respectively at the saturation temperature for 1000 psi (68.9 bar) coolant pressure. Boiling tests also revealed the formation of fine deposits of boron and lithium on the cladding surface which degraded the heat transfer rates. The boron and lithium metaborate precipitates after a 5 day test at 5000 ppm concentration and 1000 psi (68.9 bar) operating pressure reduced the heat transfer rate 21% and 30%, respectively for the two solutions.

Schultis, J., Kenneth; Fenton, Donald, L.

2006-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

100

Sliding wear behaviour of eutectic Al-Si alloy under lubricated conditions: An investigation on the effect of ethanol (E85) addition.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Bio-fuels such as E85 (85% ethanol and 15% gasoline) are clean and cost effective alternative fuel sources. Their effects on the tribological performance of the… (more)

Francis, Victor

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "investigate non-targeted effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Investigating the Effect of Seasonal Plant Growth and Development in Three-Dimensional Atmospheric Simulations. Part I: Simulation of Surface Fluxes over the Growing Season  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors examine the effect of seasonal crop development and growth on the warm-season mesoscale heat, moisture, and momentum fluxes over the central Great Plains region of North America. The effect of crop growth and development on the ...

Elena A. Tsvetsinskaya; Linda O. Mearns; William E. Easterling

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Asian monsoon and the Indian Ocean dipole25,26 Models have been used to investigate the regional effect of varying  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asian monsoon and the Indian Ocean dipole25,26 . Models have been used to investigate the regional with consequences for the monsoon7,8,28 . Although models investi- gate the contrast between `off' and `on' ITF5

Burgess, Neil

103

Investigation of hydrodynamics of a dual fluidized bed biomass steam gasifier using a cold model: The effect of fluidising agent on gasification performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investigation of hydrodynamics of a dual fluidized bed biomass steam gasifier using a cold model) biomass steam gasifiers are able to produce gas with low tar and high hydrogen contents and have shown a promising potential for converting the biomass to hydrogen-rich syngas. The DFB gasifier system

Hickman, Mark

104

Investigating the Effect of Seasonal Plant Growth and Development in Three-Dimensional Atmospheric Simulations. Part II: Atmospheric Response to Crop Growth and Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors examine the effect of seasonal crop development and growth on the atmospheric boundary layer in the warm season over the central Great Plains region of North America. They introduced daily crop development and growth functions into ...

Elena A. Tsvetsinskaya; Linda O. Mearns; William E. Easterling

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Ultrasonic mitigation investigation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The suggestion was made that the introduction of ultrasound into Tank 101-SY might serve to release the hydrogen bubbles trapped in the slurry. This would cause a continuous release of bubbles and thereby prevent the turnover phenomenon. Two major considerations were (1) the method for delivering the energy into the slurry and (2) the effective volume of action. In this study, we attached the former by designing and testing a liquid-filled waveguide and radiator, and the latter by making ultrasonic property measurements on synthetic waste. Our conclusion is that ultrasonic mitigation may not be feasible, primarily because of the very high attenuation (1000 to 50000 dB/m) factor to 10 to 30 kHz. Such a high attenuation would restrict the action volume to such a low value as to make the method impractical. Further investigations are recommended to identify the cause of this effect and determine if this same effect will be seen in real 101-SY waste.

Hildebrand, B.P.; Shepard, C.L.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Investigation of Effects of Coal and Biomass Contaminants on the Performance of Water-Gas-Shift and Fischer-Tropsch Catalysts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effects of Coal Effects of Coal and Biomass Contaminants on the Performance of Water-Gas-Shift and Fischer-Tropsch Catalysts Background Coal-Biomass-to-Liquids (CBTL) processes gasify coal, biomass, and mixtures of coal/ biomass to produce synthesis gas (syngas) that can be converted to liquid hydrocarbon fuels. Positive benefits of these processes include the use of feedstocks from domestic sources and lower greenhouse gas production than can be achieved from using conventional petroleum-based fuels. However, syngas generated by coal and biomass co-gasification contains a myriad of trace contaminants that may poison the water- gas-shift (WGS) and Fischer-Tropsch (FT) catalysts used in the gas-to-liquid processes. While the effect of coal contaminants on FT processes is well studied, more research

107

Co-Investigators:  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our Interdisciplinary Science investigation addresses the primary biogeochemical cycles of planet Earth and considers, in particular, how they are being changed by humans. The efforts focus on the cycles of water, carbon, nitrogen, and selected trace gases. Process-based models are developed as modules, in concert with database management techniques which synthesize the in-situ and remote sensing data needed to characterize regional and global scales. Models of the Earth's biogeochemical cycles are a central theme. They provide a rigorous means for developing quantitative projections of the interactions of atmospheric composition, climate, terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, ocean circulation and sea level, and the effects of human activities. The family of models being developed in this investigation provide the predictive link between the physical and biological Earth system and the human dimensions of global change. The long-term goal of our IDS research is to understand the primary biogeochemical cycles of the planet, the nature of the coupling between the Biogeochemical Subsystem and the Physical-Climate Subsystem, and the characteristics of the human forcing of the Biogeochemical Subsystem and hydrological cycle. Our strategy is to study how element cycles function in natural systems where perturbations in biogeochemical states are driven primarily by climate variability

John D. Aber; William R. Emanuel; Leonard A. Fisk; Barrett N. Rock; David L. Skole

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Accident Investigation Handbook  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Improvement (HPI). The recommended techniques apply equally well to DOE Federal-led accident investigations conducted under DOE Order (O) 225.1B, Accident Investigations,...

109

Investigation of the Effect of I-ZnO Window Layer on the Device Performance of the Cd-Free CIGS Based Solar Cells (Poster)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This research work focuses on preparing Cd-free CIGS based solar cells with intrinsic high resistivity ZnO (I-ZnO) films deposited by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) technique at different deposition substrate temperature and I-ZnO film thickness, and the effect of the prior treatment of CIGS films by ammonium hydroxide (NH4OH) diluted solution on the device performance.

Hasoon, F. S.; al-Thani, H. A.; Li, X.; Kanevce, A.; Perkins, C.; Asher, S.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Investigation of the Effect of I-ZnO Window Layer on the Device Performance of the Cd-Free CIGS Based Solar Cells: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper focuses on preparing Cd-free, CIGS-based solar cells with intrinsic high resistivity ZnO (I-ZnO) films deposited by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) technique at different deposition substrate temperature and I-ZnO film thickness, and the effect of the prior treatment of CIGS films by ammonium hydroxide (NH4OH) diluted solution on the device performance.

Hasoon, F. S.; Al-Thani, H. A.; Li, X.; Kanevce, A.; Perkins, C.; Asher, S.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Investigation of the effect of coal particle sizes on the interfacial and rheological properties of coal-water slurry fuels: Final report, July 1, 1994-June 30, 1996  

SciTech Connect

The scope of the project is two fold: (1) examining particle size effect on interfacial properties of CWS fuels by measuring static and dynamic surface tension properties of specially prepared CWS samples containing different ranges of coal particle sizes, and (2) studying the effect of particle size on CWS atomization characteristics by measuring mean diameters of several different CWS sprays generated by sonic air blasting. The results show that both static and dynamic surface tensions decrease with increasing coal particle size and mean droplet diameter of CW-S sprays also decreases with increasing coal particle size. Based on the experimental evidence we conjecture that three different energies are competing in slurry atomization: (1) the internal capillary holding between particles and water, (2) the interfacial surface tensile energy at the slurry surface contacting air, and (3) the external air blast shear energy acting against the former two energies. The internal capillary holding force decreases with increasing particle size. This force is believed to play a major role in determining the effect of particle size on CWS atomization.

Kihm, K.D.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECTS OF ULTRASONIC VIBRATION ON BURNOUT HEAT FLUX WITH BOILING WATER. Final Summary Report, October 3, 1960-July 31, 1961  

SciTech Connect

Experimental results were obtained on the effect of an ultrasonic field on the burnout heat flux for water flowing at atmospheric pressure, through an annular flow channel formed by a 1/4-in.-diameter electrically heated tube and a concentric glass tube of 3/4-in. ID. The active length of the central heating element was 5 1/2 in. The ultrasonic transducer, which was operated at 25,000 cps and a maximum electrical input of 300 watts, was located at the inlet end of the flow channel. The ultrasonic waves were propagated in the water in the direction of flow and thus parallel to the surface of the heating element. Burnout conditions covered channel inlet flows from 1.61 to 6.25 ft/sec and subcooling from 16 to 28 deg F. No effect of the ultrasonic field on the burnout heat flux or on the visible boiling phenomena at burnout conditions was detectable. During boiling at heat fluxes well below burnout, the effect of the ultrasonic field was a reduction in the diameter of the envelope of bubble activity surrounding the heating element. Visual inspectibn appeared to show that this reduction was associated with a smaller average bubble size and a greater frequency of bubble formation. However, all evidence of the presence of the ultrasonic field vanished as the flow velocity increased or as the heat flux increased to the burnout level. (auth)

Romie, F.E.; Aronson, C.A.

1961-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

113

Investigating the Influence of the Added Mass Effect to Marine Hydrokinetic Horizontal-Axis Turbines Using a General Dynamic Wake Wind Turbine Code  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes a recent study to investigate the applicability of a horizontal-axis wind turbine (HAWT) structural dynamics and unsteady aerodynamics analysis program (FAST and AeroDyn respectively) to modeling the forces on marine hydrokinetic (MHK) turbines. This paper summarizes the added mass model that has been added to AeroDyn. The added mass model only includes flow acceleration perpendicular to the rotor disc, and ignores added mass forces caused by blade deflection. A model of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) Unsteady Aerodynamics Experiment (UAE) Phase VI wind turbine was analyzed using FAST and AeroDyn with sea water conditions and the new added mass model. The results of this analysis exhibited a 3.6% change in thrust for a rapid pitch case and a slight change in amplitude and phase of thrust for a case with 30{sup o} of yaw.

Maniaci, D. C.; Li, Y.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Investigating the Influence of the Added Mass Effect to Marine Hydrokinetic Horizontal-Axis Turbines Using a General Dynamic Wake Wind Turbine Code: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes a recent study to investigate the applicability of a horizontal-axis wind turbine (HAWT) structural dynamics and unsteady aerodynamics analysis program (FAST and AeroDyn respectively) to modeling the forces on marine hydrokinetic (MHK) turbines. It summarizes the added mass model that has been added to AeroDyn. The added mass model only includes flow acceleration perpendicular to the rotor disc, and ignores added mass forces caused by blade deflection. A model of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) Unsteady Aerodynamics Experiment (UAE) Phase VI wind turbine was analyzed using FAST and AeroDyn with sea water conditions and the new added mass model. The results of this analysis exhibited a 3.6% change in thrust for a rapid pitch case and a slight change in amplitude and phase of thrust for a case with 30 degrees of yaw.

Maniaci, D. C.; Li, Y.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Investigations | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investigations Investigations Investigations Investigations The Office of Investigations performs investigations into allegations of fraud, waste, and abuse in programs and operations of the Department, NNSA and FERC. Priority is given to investigations of suspected violations of criminal and civil statutes, as well as serious administrative misconduct. Particular focus is placed on the prevention and detection of contract and grant fraud; environmental, health and safety violations; computer crimes; and issues that reflect on the integrity and credibility of Department officials. Suspected criminal and civil violations are reported promptly to the Department of Justice for prosecutive consideration. Potential outcomes from such referrals include declination or acceptance for further action,

116

Using Carbon-14 Isotope Tracing to Investigate Molecular Structure Effects of the Oxygenate Dibutyl Maleate on Soot Emissions from a DI Diesel Engine  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The effect of oxygenate molecular structure on soot emissions from a DI diesel engine was examined using carbon-14 ({sup 14}C) isotope tracing. Carbon atoms in three distinct chemical structures within the diesel oxygenate dibutyl maleate (DBM) were labeled with {sup 14}C. The {sup 14}C from the labeled DBM was then detected in engine-out particulate matter (PM), in-cylinder deposits, and CO{sub 2} emissions using accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). The results indicate that molecular structure plays an important role in determining whether a specific carbon atom either does or does not form soot. Chemical-kinetic modeling results indicate that structures that produce CO{sub 2} directly from the fuel are less effective at reducing soot than structures that produce CO before producing CO{sub 2}. Because they can follow individual carbon atoms through a real combustion process, {sup 14}C isotope tracing studies help strengthen the connection between actual engine emissions and chemical-kinetic models of combustion and soot formation/oxidation processes.

Buchholz, B A; Mueller, C J; Upatnieks, A; Martin, G C; Pitz, W J; Westbrook, C K

2004-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

117

Condensed-phase kinetic deuterium isotope effects in high-energy phenomena: Mechanistic investigations and relationships. Technical report, January 1975-December 1989  

SciTech Connect

The rate-controlling mechanistic step of an energetic material's condensed phase thermochemical decomposition process is determined directly using the kinetic deuterium isotope effect (KDIE) approach. The KDIE is used with isothermal DSC and isothermal TGA analyses of TNT, HNBB, TATB, RDX, HMX, and their deuterium labeled analogs. The decomposition processes' rate-controlling step possibly can change as the energetic material physical state varies. The condensed phase KDIE approach that determines the rate-controlling mechanistic step in a slow thermochemical decomposition process, can be extended into the progressively more drastic high energy regimes encountered with the rapid pyrolytic decomposition/deflagration process, plus the higher temperature/pressure combustion, thermal explosion, and detonation events. The KDIE determined mechanistic relationships between the slow thermochemical decomposition process and more hostile high energy events are individually described for HMX, RDX, TATB, and TNT.

Shackelford, S.A.

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

An in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy investigation of the effect of Sn additions to carbon-supported Pt electrocatalysts: Part 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon-supported platinum (Pt/C) with an adsorbed layer of underpotential deposited (upd) Sn is a much better catalyst for the methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) than a carbon-supported platinum-tin (PtSn/C) alloy. In situ X-ray absorption (XAS) was used to determine the differences in the effects that the two methods of Sn addition have on the electronic properties and the structural properties of the catalyst. X-ray diffraction and XAS at the Pt L{sub 3} and L{sub 2} edges indicate that the PtSn/C catalyst has a Pt{sub 3}Sn L1{sub 2} structure, and alloying with Sn causes partial filling of the Pt d band vacancies and an increase in the Pt-Pt bond distance from 2.77 to 2.8 {angstrom}. However, upd Sn does not perturb Pt structurally or electronically. XAS at the Sn K edge indicates that both the upd Sn on Pt/C and the surface Sn on PtSn/C are associated with oxygenated species at all potentials, and that the nature and strength of the Sn-O bonds are potential dependent. The differences in the activity of the two catalysts for the MOR are due to the effects of alloying on the Pt electronic structure that inhibit the ability of the Pt to adsorb methanol and dissociate C-H bonds. The ability of PtSn/C to adsorb oxygen at low potentials enhances its activity for CO oxidation.

Mukerjee, S.; McBreen, J. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). Dept. of Applied Science

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Investigation of H{sub 2}O and CO{sub 2} reforming and partial oxidation of methane: catalytic effects of coal char and coal ash  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methane reforming and partial oxidation was studied to evaluate the catalytic effects of coal chars and coal ashes on methane (CH{sub 4}) conversion, sum selectivity (the sum of H{sub 2} and CO), and ratio selectivity (the ratio of H{sub 2}/CO) in an atmospheric fluidized bed. The kinetics study presented the possibility of CH{sub 4} reforming and partial oxidation with a favorable H{sub 2}/CO ratio, greater than 5. The higher H{sub 2}/CO ratio in CH{sub 4} reforming and the partial-oxidation process can reduce the consumption of CH{sub 4} needed to adjust the H{sub 2}/CO ratio during combined coal gasification and methane reforming. Coal ashes failed to be good candidates of catalysts on CH{sub 4} reforming and partial oxidation because of their very low specific surface area available for catalytic reactions. However, coal chars presented very promising catalytic performance on CH{sub 4} reforming and partial oxidation because of their larger specific surface area. In this study, no other constituents in coal fly ash or special surface properties of coal chars were correlated with the enhanced methane-conversion efficiency. It seems that the specific surface area is only variable in controlling methane-conversion efficiency. 16 refs., 9 figs.

Hongcang Zhou; Yan Cao; Houyin Zhao; Hongying Liu; Wei-Ping Pan [Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY (United States). Institute for Combustion Science and Environmental Technology

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

120

Functioning, Item Response TheoryImplicit Theories and Beta Change in Longitudinal Evaluations of Training Effectiveness: An Investigation Using Item Response Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Golembiewski, Billingsly, and Yeager (1976) conceptualized three distinct types of change that might result from development interventions, called alpha, beta, and gamma change. Recent research has found that beta and gamma change do occur as hypothesized, but the phenomena are somewhat infrequent and the precise conditions under which they occur have not been established. This study used confirmatory factor analysis and item response theory to identify gamma and beta change on a multidimensional, multisource managerial performance appraisal instrument and to examine relations among the change types, training program content, and raters' implicit theories of performance. Results suggested that coverage in training was a necessary but not sufficient condition for beta and gamma change to occur. Further, although gamma change was detected only in the trainee group, beta change was detected in self-ratings from trainees and in ratings collected from their superiors. Because trainees ' superiors were involved in post-training follow-up, this finding was interpreted as a possible diffusion of treatments effect (Campbell & Stanley, 1963). Contrary to expectations, there were no interpretable relations between raters' implicit theories of performance and either of the change types. Perhaps relatedly, more implicit theory change was detected among individuals providing observer ratings than in the trainees

S. Bartholomew Craig; Robert J. Harvey (chair; Kevin D. Carlson; John Donovan; Roseanne J. Foti; Neil M. A. Hauenstein; S. Bartholomew Craig

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "investigate non-targeted effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

FAQs - NIST WTC Investigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The agency received $16 million for the investigation in September 2002 from the federal government's fiscal year 2002 supplemental appropriation ...

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

122

Textile - Compressor Trip Investigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents the investigation of an 800 HP, 4160 volt compressor that has been tripping off at a textile manufacturing facility.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

123

Investigation of DNP mechanisms : the solid effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic Nuclear Polarization (DNP) enhances signal to noise in NMR experiments, by transferring the large electron Boltzmann polarization to nuclear polarization, via application of pulsed or continuous-wave microwave ...

Smith, Albert Andrew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Investigator Title Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Principal Investigator Title Technology Sector State Funds Expended Cost Share Expended Jobs,000 1 Schanbacher, Floyd Development and Commercialization of an integrated Biomass to Electricity Funds Expended Cost Share Expended Jobs Created Average Salary Leverage: Federal $ Leverage: State

125

Investigation into the effects of trace coal syn gas species on the performance of solid oxide fuel cell anodes, PhD. thesis, Russ College of Engineering and Technology of Ohio University  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Coal is the United States’ most widely used fossil fuel for the production of electric power. Coal’s availability and cost dictates that it will be used for many years to come in the United States for power production. As a result of the environmental impact of burning coal for power production more efficient and environmentally benign power production processes using coal are sought. Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) combined with gasification technologies represent a potential methodology to produce electric power using coal in a much more efficient and cleaner manner. It has been shown in the past that trace species contained in coal, such as sulfur, severely degrade the performance of solid oxide fuel cells rendering them useless. Coal derived syngas cleanup technologies have been developed that efficiently remove sulfur to levels that do not cause any performance losses in solid oxide fuel cells. The ability of these systems to clean other trace species contained in syngas is not known nor is the effect of these trace species on the performance of solid oxide fuel cells. This works presents the thermodynamic and diffusion transport simulations that were combined with experimental testing to evaluate the effects of the trace species on the performance of solid oxide fuel cells. The results show that some trace species contained in coal will interact with the SOFC anode. In addition to the transport and thermodynamic simulations that were completed experimental tests were completed investigating the effect of HCl and AsH3 on the performance of SOFCs.

Trembly, J.P.

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Accident Investigation Handbook  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SENSI NOT MEAS UREMENT TIVE D DOE-HDBK-1 1208-2012 July 2012 DOE E HA ANDBOOK K Ac ccide ent and d Op pera ational Sa afety y An naly ysis Volume e I: Ac ccide ent A Analy ysis Tec chniq ques U.S. Depar rtmen nt of En nergy Was shingto on, D.C C. 205 85 DOE-HDBK-1208-2012 INTRODUCTION - HANDBOOK APPLICATION AND SCOPE Accident Investigations (AI) and Operational Safety Reviews (OSR) are valuable for evaluating technical issues, safety management systems and human performance and environmental conditions to prevent accidents, through a process of continuous organizational learning. This Handbook brings together the strengths of the experiences gained in conducting Department of Energy (DOE) accident investigations over the past many years. That experience encourages us

127

Electrical Resistance Investigation of Cotton Fabrics After Treating ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Electrical Resistance Investigation of Cotton Fabrics After ... the Piezodielectric Effect of Carbon Fiber Sulphoaluminate Cement Composites.

128

T Plant Cell Investigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Waste Management Project within Fluor Hanford performed an initial investigation of the current and historical contents of 221-T (T Plant Canyon) process cells. This Phase I report is intended to be followed by a final, more detailed, Phase II report. This information has been gathered in order to help reduce uncertainties and future surprises regarding cell contents during future work in and around T Plant process cells. The information was obtained from available documentation and was compiled into a database that is included in the report. Resolution of any apparently conflicting information was not a part of the Phase I effort. No information has been found to date that would indicate there could be a significant unexpected hazard in any of the process cells.

HLADEK, K.L.

2001-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

129

Aquifer stability investigations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The study of compressed air energy storage (CAES) in porous rock reservoirs is carried out within the Reservoir Stability Studies Program at Pacific Northwest Laboratory. The goal of the study is to establish criteria for long-term stability of aquifer CAES reservoirs. These criteria are intended to be guidelines and check lists that utilities and architect-engineering firms may use to evaluate reservoir stability at candidate CAES sites. These criteria will be quantitative where possible, qualitative where necessary, and will provide a focal point for CAES relevant geotechnical knowledge, whether developed within this study or available from petroleum, mining or other geotechnical practices using rock materials. The Reservoir Stability Studies Program had four major activities: a state-of-the-art survey to establish preliminary stability criteria and identify areas requiring research and development; numerical modeling; laboratory testing to provide data for use in numerical models and to investigate fundamental rock mechanics, thermal, fluid, and geochemical response of aquifer materials; and field studies to verify the feasibility of air injection and recovery under CAES conditions in an aquifer, to validate and refine the stability criteria, and to evaluate the accuracy and adequacy of the numerical and experimental methodologies developed in previous work. Three phases of study, including preliminary criteria formulation, numerical model development, and experimental assessment of CAES reservoir materials have been completed. Present activity consists of construction and operation of the aquifer field test, and associated numerical and experimental work in support of that activity. Work is presently planned to be complete by 1983 at the end of the field test. At that time the final stability criteria for aquifers will be issued. Attached here also are preliminary criteria for aquifers.

Allen, R.D.; Doherty, T.J.

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Investigation of the Effect of Functional Group Substitutions on the Gas-Phase Electron Affinities and Ionization Energies of Room-Temperature Ionic Liquids Ions using Density Functional Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cathodic and anodic stabilities of room-temperature ionic liquids (ILs) are important factors in their applications in electrochemical devices. In this work, we investigated the electron affinities of cations and ...

Ong, Shyue Ping

131

Criminal Investigator | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Criminal Investigator Criminal Investigator Criminal Investigator Special Agent Responsibilities The Office of Investigations conducts investigations of DOE personnel, contractors, and others receiving DOE funds concerning alleged violations of law that impact DOE programs, operations, facilities, and personnel. Examples of issues investigated by the OIG include soliciting and/or accepting a bribe, overcharging the Government on contracts and grants, providing false data and information, supplying defective or inferior products, committing environmental violations, theft and/or destruction of government property, misuse of Government computers, serious employee misconduct, and ethical and conflict of interest violations. As a Special Agent, you will have authority to conduct criminal, civil, and

132

NIST's World Trade Center Investigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The agency received $16 million for the investigation in September 2002 from the fiscal year 2002 supplemental appropriation. ...

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

133

C7: Investigation on the Dielectric Response of PLZT Ferroelectric ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A8: Microstructural Investigation of Nano-Calcium Phosphates Doped with Fluoride Ions .... D7: Surfactant Structure–property Relationship: Effect of Polypropylene ... E4: The Effect of Monobutyl Ether Ethylene Glycol on the Conductivity and ...

134

J46: Preliminary Investigations of the Precipitation Hardening Alloy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A8: Microstructural Investigation of Nano-Calcium Phosphates Doped with Fluoride Ions .... D7: Surfactant Structure–property Relationship: Effect of Polypropylene ... E4: The Effect of Monobutyl Ether Ethylene Glycol on the Conductivity and ...

135

Tribochemical investigation of microelectronic materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To achieve efficient planarization with reduced device dimensions in integrated circuits, a better understanding of the physics, chemistry, and the complex interplay involved in chemical mechanical planarization (CMP) is needed. The CMP process takes place at the interface of the pad and wafer in the presence of the fluid slurry medium. The hardness of Cu is significantly less than the slurry abrasive particles which are usually alumina or silica. It has been accepted that a surface layer can protect the Cu surface from scratching during CMP. Four competing mechanisms in materials removal have been reported: the chemical dissolution of Cu, the mechanical removal through slurry abrasives, the formation of thin layer of Cu oxide and the sweeping surface material by slurry flow. Despite the previous investigation of Cu removal, the electrochemical properties of Cu surface layer is yet to be understood. The motivation of this research was to understand the fundamental aspects of removal mechanisms in terms of electrochemical interactions, chemical dissolution, mechanical wear, and factors affecting planarization. Since one of the major requirements in CMP is to have a high surface finish, i.e., low surface roughness, optimization of the surface finish in reference to various parameters was emphasized. Three approaches were used in this research: in situ measurement of material removal, exploration of the electropotential activation and passivation at the copper surface and modeling of the synergistic electrochemical-mechanical interactions on the copper surface. In this research, copper polishing experiments were conducted using a table top tribometer. A potentiostat was coupled with this tribometer. This combination enabled the evaluation of important variables such as applied pressure, polishing speed, slurry chemistry, pH, materials, and applied DC potential. Experiments were designed to understand the combined and individual effect of electrochemical interactions as well as mechanical impact during polishing. Extensive surface characterization was performed with AFM, SEM, TEM and XPS. An innovative method for direct material removal measurement on the nanometer scale was developed and used. Experimental observations were compared with the theoretically calculated material removal rate values. The synergistic effect of all of the components of the process, which result in a better quality surface finish was quantitatively evaluated for the first time. Impressed potential during CMP proved to be a controlling parameter in the material removal mechanism. Using the experimental results, a model was developed, which provided a practical insight into the CMP process. The research is expected to help with electrochemical material removal in copper planarization with low-k dielectrics.

Kulkarni, Milind Sudhakar

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Field investigation of keyblock stability  

SciTech Connect

Discontinuities in a rock mass can intersect an excavation surface to form discrete blocks (keyblocks) which can be unstable. This engineering problem is divided into two parts: block identification, and evaluation of block stability. One stable keyblock and thirteen fallen keyblocks were observed in field investigations at the Nevada Test Site. Nine blocks were measured in detail sufficient to allow back-analysis of their stability. Measurements included block geometry, and discontinuity roughness and compressive strength. Back-analysis correctly predicted stability or failure in all but two cases. These two exceptions involved situations that violated the stress assumptions of the stability calculations. Keyblock faces correlated well with known joint set orientations. The effect of tunnel orientation on keyblock frequency was apparent. Back-analysis of physical models successfully predicted block pullout force for two-dimensional models of unit thickness. Two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) analytic models for the stability of simple pyramidal keyblocks were examined. Calculated stability is greater for 3D analyses than for 2D analyses. Calculated keyblock stability increases with larger in situ stress magnitudes, larger lateral stress ratios, and larger shear strengths. Discontinuity stiffness controls block displacement more strongly than it does stability itself. Large keyblocks are less stable than small ones, and stability increases as blocks become more slender. Rock mass temperature decreases reduce the confining stress magnitudes and can lead to failure. The pattern of stresses affecting each block face explains conceptually the occurrence of pyramidal keyblocks that are truncated near their apex.

Yow, J.L. Jr.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Investigations Memorandum | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

25, 2006 Investigation of Allegations Involving False Statements and False Claims at the Yucca Mountain Project In March 2005, senior Department o Energy officials were alerted to...

138

NEHRP - Post-Earthquake Investigations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... ASCE) policies and procedures for conducting post-disaster ... experts to collect data from the event. ... of earthquake-related investigations prepared by ...

139

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Using a Low LET Electron Microbeam to  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a Low LET Electron Microbeam to Investigate Non-Targeted Effects of a Low LET Electron Microbeam to Investigate Non-Targeted Effects of Low Dose Radiation William F. Morgan Radiation Oncology Research Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Why this Project? To examine genomic instability and bystander effects as non-targeted effects associated with low dose radiation exposure. Project Goals To provides a robust, reliable, highly sensitive assay for detecting delayed events occurring in cells exposed to low doses of ionizing radiation. Experimental Approach To mimic radiation damage from gamma and x-ray sources, a low-LET electron microbeam that generates energetic electrons has been designed such that high-energy electrons deposit energy in a pre-selected subset of cells leaving neighboring cells unirradiated. Using a novel green fluorescence gene (GFP) reporter assay, a high through

140

Machine Shop Investigates PQ Issues  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI performed a power quality (PQ) audit to harden a machine shop against PQ-related issues. EPRI engineers investigated the various origins of existing PQ disturbances as well as the susceptibility of the plant equipment to these disturbances. This case study reports the findings of this detailed investigation.

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "investigate non-targeted effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The Salt Defense Disposal Investigations (SDDI)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Salt Defense Disposal Investigations (SDDI) Salt Defense Disposal Investigations (SDDI) will utilize a newly mined Underground Research Lab (URL) in WIPP to perform a cost effective, proof-of-principle field test of the emplacement of heat-generating radioactive waste and validate modeling efforts. The goals of the SDDI Thermal Test are to: * Demonstrate a proof-of-principle concept for in-drift disposal in salt. * Investigate, in a specific emplacement concept, the response of the salt to heat. * Develop a full-scale response for run-of- mine (ROM) salt. * Develop a validated coupled process model for disposal of heat-generating wastes in salt. * Evaluate the environmental conditions of the

142

Stable isotope investigations of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stable isotope ratio measurements for carbon (C) and chlorine (Cl) can be used to elucidate the processes affecting transformation and transportation of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons (CAHs) in the environment. Methods recently developed in our laboratory for isotopic analysis of CAHs have been applied to laboratory measurements of the kinetic isotope effects associated with aerobic degradation of dichloromethane (DCM) and with both anaerobic and aerobic cometabolic degradation of trichlomethene (TCE) in batch and column microbial cultures. These experimental determinations of fractionation factors are crucial for understanding the behavior of CAHs in complex natural systems, where the extent of biotransformation can be masked by dispersion and volatilization. We have also performed laboratory investigations of kinetic isotope effects accompanying evaporation of CAHs, as well as field investigations of natural attenuation and in situ remediation of CAHs in a number of contaminated shallow aquifers at sites operated by the federal government and the private sector.

Abrajano, T.; Heraty, L. J.; Holt, B. D.; Huang, L.; Sturchio, N. C.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Cooperative autonomy for contact investigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Autonomous surface and underwater vehicles present a safe and low-cost solution for various contact investigation tasks, such as harbor surveillance for potentially threatening small craft or submarines. Since such a task ...

Schmidt, Henrik

144

Investigation of microalgae cultivation and anaerobic codigestion of algae and sewage sludge for wastewater treatment facilities.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The main goals of this research are to investigate the anaerobic digestibility of algae and to investigate the effects of growth media on the growth… (more)

Wang, Meng

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Agriculture - Noise and shocking investigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents an investigation of noise and shocking from the telephone line at a horse farm. The investigation revealed that the noise was caused by an arching connection and vegetation along the fence. Also the charger's grounding system was not installed properly. Recommendations were made to the customer to reinstall the charger's ground system to manufacturer's specification and use an AM radio to find the loose connection along the fence.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

146

Hurricane Katrina Wind Investigation Report  

SciTech Connect

This investigation of roof damage caused by Hurricane Katrina is a joint effort of the Roofing Industry Committee on Weather Issues, Inc. (RICOWI) and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory/U.S. Department of Energy (ORNL/DOE). The Wind Investigation Program (WIP) was initiated in 1996. Hurricane damage that met the criteria of a major windstorm event did not materialize until Hurricanes Charley and Ivan occurred in August 2004. Hurricane Katrina presented a third opportunity for a wind damage investigation in August 29, 2005. The major objectives of the WIP are as follows: (1) to investigate the field performance of roofing assemblies after major wind events; (2) to factually describe roofing assembly performance and modes of failure; and (3) to formally report results of the investigations and damage modes for substantial wind speeds The goal of the WIP is to perform unbiased, detailed investigations by credible personnel from the roofing industry, the insurance industry, and academia. Data from these investigations will, it is hoped, lead to overall improvement in roofing products, systems, roofing application, and durability and a reduction in losses, which may lead to lower overall costs to the public. This report documents the results of an extensive and well-planned investigative effort. The following program changes were implemented as a result of the lessons learned during the Hurricane Charley and Ivan investigations: (1) A logistics team was deployed to damage areas immediately following landfall; (2) Aerial surveillance--imperative to target wind damage areas--was conducted; (3) Investigation teams were in place within 8 days; (4) Teams collected more detailed data; and (5) Teams took improved photographs and completed more detailed photo logs. Participating associations reviewed the results and lessons learned from the previous investigations and many have taken the following actions: (1) Moved forward with recommendations for new installation procedures; (2) Updated and improved application guidelines and manuals from associations and manufacturers; (3) Launched certified product installer programs; and (4) Submitted building code changes to improve product installation. Estimated wind speeds at the damage locations came from simulated hurricane models prepared by Applied Research Associates of Raleigh, North Carolina. A dynamic hurricane wind field model was calibrated to actual wind speeds measured at 12 inland and offshore stations. The maximum estimated peak gust wind speeds in Katrina were in the 120-130 mph range. Hurricane Katrina made landfall near Grand Isle, Louisiana, and traveled almost due north across the city of New Orleans. Hurricane winds hammered the coastline from Houma, Louisiana, to Pensacola, Florida. The severe flooding problems in New Orleans made it almost impossible for the investigating teams to function inside the city. Thus the WIP investigations were all conducted in areas east of the city. The six teams covered the coastal areas from Bay Saint Louis, Mississippi, on the west to Pascagoula, Mississippi, on the east. Six teams involving a total of 25 persons documented damage to both low slope and steep slope roofing systems. The teams collected specific information on each building examined, including type of structure (use or occupancy), wall construction, roof type, roof slope, building dimensions, roof deck, insulation, construction, and method of roof attachment. In addition, the teams noted terrain exposure and the estimated wind speeds at the building site from the Katrina wind speed map. With each team member assigned a specific duty, they described the damage in detail and illustrated important features with numerous color photos. Where possible, the points of damage initiation were identified and damage propagation described. Because the wind speeds in Katrina at landfall, where the investigations took place, were less than code-specified design speeds, one would expect roof damage to be minimal. One team speculated that damage to all roofs in the area they examined was les

Desjarlais, A. O.

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

147

Use of the Journal Citation Reports for serials management in research libraries: An investigation of the effect of self-citation on journal rankings in library and information science and genetics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article explores the use of the Institute for Scientific Information’s Journal Citation Reports (JCR) for journal management in academic libraries. The advantages and disadvantages to using JCR citation data for journal management are outlined, and a literature review summarizes reported uses of these data by libraries and scholars. This study researches the impact of journal self-citation on JCR rankings of library and information science (LIS) and genetics journals. The 1994 rankings by impact factor and total citations received were recalculated with journal self-citations removed; then the recalculated rankings were compared to the original rankings to analyze the effect of self-citations. It is concluded that librarians can use JCR data without correcting for journal self-citation, although self-citations do exert a major effect on the rankings for a small number of journals. t is unnecessary to state that management of serials has been one of the largest challenges confronting academic libraries in the past decade. A growing number of university libraries are using Journal Citation Reports (JCR) data to help reach difficult serials collection management decisions, whereas scholars use the data for journal ranking and other research purposes. There is an underlying

Thomas E. Nisonger

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Investigation of the viability and cost effectiveness of solid fuel gasifiers close coupled to internal combustion engines for 200 kWe power generation. Technical progress report No. 9  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The viability and cost effectiveness of a 200 kWe engine generator unit fueled by a direct coupled, solid fuel gasifier were studied. Recent literature describing gasifier technology was obtained and personal visits were made to test facility sites and engine manufacturing plants to discuss the subject with researchers and engineers. Two prototype units were inspected, one of which was in partial operation. This report presents a brief discussion of fuel and gasifier technology, gas treatment (clean up) for engine use, engine use technology, other uses for gasifiers, the viability of close coupled units, and an estimate of cost effectiveness. Present small experimental gasifier systems perform as expected and have served to demonstrate the technology. Typically they operate with fuel species which are present and collected on the site of a processing plant. Certain needed development efforts are discussed. Also, fuel must be available at low cost and even then electric power produced in this way is unlikely to be competitive economically where utility poles are available. (LTN)

Mingle, J. G.; Junge, D. C.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Investigating Ultrasonic Diffraction Grating Spectroscopy and ...  

Investigating Ultrasonic Diffraction Grating Spectroscopy and Reflection Techniques for Characterization Slurry Properties Investigating Ultrasonic Diffraction Grating

150

NPP Principal Investigators and Reviewers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Principal Investigators and Reviewers Principal Investigators and Reviewers Where possible, the original principal investigator or his/her successor has been contacted to review the net primary productivity (NPP) data and documentation. All those who have assisted with the development of the ORNL DAAC NPP database by contributing or reviewing its contents are gratefully acknowledged. The following list is not comprehensive; there are many others who have provided additional data or useful feedback on the format and structure of the database, but we can at least acknowledge the following persons: Grassland Sites: Bill Lauenroth, Colorado State University, USA billl@cnr.colostate.edu Bill Parton, Colorado State University, USA billp@nrel.colostate.edu Pablo Roset, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina blopas@ifeva.edu.ar

151

100 Areas CERCLA ecological investigations  

SciTech Connect

This document reports the results of the field terrestrial ecological investigations conducted by Westinghouse Hanford Company during fiscal years 1991 and 1992 at operable units 100-FR-3, 100-HR-3, 100-NR-2, 100-KR-4, and 100-BC-5. The tasks reported here are part of the Remedial Investigations conducted in support of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 studies for the 100 Areas. These ecological investigations provide (1) a description of the flora and fauna associated with the 100 Areas operable units, emphasizing potential pathways for contaminants and species that have been given special status under existing state and/or federal laws, and (2) an evaluation of existing concentrations of heavy metals and radionuclides in biota associated with the 100 Areas operable units.

Landeen, D.S.; Sackschewsky, M.R.; Weiss, S.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Investigations into the effects of environmental and physical variables on the growth of natural and transplanted populations of Ruppia maritima L. s.l. in the Galveston Bay System, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of sixteen environmental and physical variables on the growth of six natural populations and on the establishment and growth of transplanted populations of widgeon grass, Ruppia maritima L. s.l., were evaluated in the Galveston Bay System, Texas. Growth differences in natural populations among different basin morphologies and tidal regimes were examined. Sediment texture influenced the percent cover of widgeon grass the greatest of the variables studied. High silt content and low sand content in the sediments resulted in greater percent cover of widgeon grass than sediments with low silt and high sand content. Water temperature significantly influenced the stem lengths of widgeon grass; warm temperatures stimulated longer plant lengths, while cold water temperatures resulted in reduced stem lengths. Marshes and tidal habitats exhibited perennial growth patterns of widgeon grass as compared to annual growth patterns found in ponds, lakes, and semitidal habitats. Ponds, lakes, and semitidal habitats generally had significantly higher percent cover and stem lengths than marshes and tidal habitats; except in periods of drought. The effects of sixteen environmental and physical variables on the growth and establishment of transplanted widgeon grass, Ruppia maritima L. s.l., in the Galveston Bay System, were analyzed. Growth differences between different transplant spacings (1 meter, 0.5 meters and 0.25 meters) also were studied. Various fetch distances had the greatest significant influence on the establishment and growth of transplanted widgeon grass. Greater fetch distances resulted in reduced growth of transplants due to increased wave action that the transplants were subjected to. There was no significant difference in widgeon grass growth among the transplant spacings. In conclusion, I found that widgeon grass can be successfully transplanted onto submerged bare sediments in areas of low fetch distances. Transplanting widgeon grass into internal open water areas designed with low fetch distances in saltmarsh restoration projects can increase habitat diversity and function. Efforts should concentrate on designing suitable habitat into restoration plans rather than transplanting large quantities of plant material.

Schubert, William James

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Using a Low LET Electron Microbeam to  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using a Low LET Electron Microbeam to Investigate Non-Targeted Using a Low LET Electron Microbeam to Investigate Non-Targeted Effects of Low Dose Radiation Authors: William F. Morgan1 and Marianne B. Sowa2 Institutions: 1Radiation Oncology Research Laboratory, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland; 2Chemical Structure and Dynamics, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland Washington We have recently installed a low-linear energy transfer (LET) electron microbeam that generates energetic electrons to mimic radiation damage from gamma- and x-ray sources. It has been designed such that high-energy electrons deposit energy in a pre-selected subset of cells, leaving neighboring cells unirradiated (Figure 1). In this way it is possible to examine non-targeted effects associated with low dose radiation exposure,

154

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: DOE Lowdose Radiation Program Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using a Low LET Electron Microbeam to Investigate Non-Targeted Using a Low LET Electron Microbeam to Investigate Non-Targeted Effects of Low Dose Radiation. Authors: William F. Morgan1 and Marianne B. Sowa2 Institutions: 1Radiation Oncology Research Laboratory, University of Maryland, Baltimore MD 21201 2 Chemical Structure and Dynamics, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA 99352 We have recently installed a low LET electron microbeam that generates energetic electrons to mimic radiation damage from gamma and x-ray sources. It has been designed such that high-energy electrons deposit energy in a pre-selected subset of cells leaving neighboring cells unirradiated (Figure 1). In this way it is possible to examine non-targeted effects associated with low dose radiation exposure including induced genomic instability and

155

Investigation of the effect of intra-molecular interactions on the gas-phase conformation of peptides as probed by ion mobility-mass spectrometry, gas-phase hydrogen/deuterium exchange, and molecular mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ion mobility-mass spectrometry (IM-MS), gas-phase hydrogen/deuterium (H/D) exchange ion molecule reactions and molecular modeling provide complimentary information and are used here for the characterization of peptide ion structure, including fine structure detail (i.e., cation-? interactions, ?-turns, and charge solvation interactions). IM-MS experiments performed on tyrosine containing tripeptides show that the collision cross-sections of sodiated, potassiated and doubly sodiated species of gly-gly-tyr are smaller than that of the protonated species, while the cesiated and doubly cesiated species are larger. Conversely, all of the alkali-adducted species of try-gly-gly have collision cross-sections that are larger than that of the protonated species. The protonated and alkali metal ion adducted (Na+, K+ and Cs+) species of bradykinin and bradykinin fragments 1-5, 1-6, 1-7, 1-8, 2-7, 5-9 and 2-9 were also studied using IM-MS and the alkali metal ion adducts of these species were found to have cross-sections very close to those of the protonated species. Additionally, multiple peak features observed in the ATDs of protonated bradykinin fragments 1-5, 1-6 and 1-7 are conserved upon alkali metal ion adduction. It was observed from gas-phase H/D ion molecule reactions that alkali adducted species exchange slower and to a lesser extent than protonated species in the tyrosine- and arginine-containing peptides. Experimental and computational results are discussed in terms of peptide ion structure, specifically the intra-molecular interactions present how those interactions change upon alkali salt adduction, as well as with the sequence of the peptide. Additionally, IM-MS data suggests the presence of a compact conformation of bradykinin fragment 1-5 (RPPGF) when starting from organic solvent conditions. As water is added stepwise to methanolic solutions, a more extended conformation is populated. When the starting solution is composed of ?90% water, two distinct mobility profiles are observed as well as a shoulder, indicating the presence of three gas-phase conformations for RPPGF. Gas-phase H/D exchange of [M+H]+ ions prepared from aqueous solvents show a bi-exponential decay, whereas samples prepared from organic solvents show a single exponential decay. The effect of solvent on gas-phase peptide ion structure, i.e., solution-phase memory effects, is discussed and gas-phase structures are compared to know solution-phase structures.

Sawyer, Holly Ann

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Principal Investigator First Name College  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The project costs requested in this application are necessary to perform the grant activities and have beenMail Stop Principal Investigator First Name College Employment Type Project Approval Form Office Person #1 Project Information Project Title Project Budget Email Fax Telephone Zip Code Street Address

Snider, Barry B.

157

AMIE (ARM MJO Investigation Experiment):  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 AMIE (ARM MJO Investigation Experiment): Observations of the Madden-Julian Oscillation for Modeling Studies Science Plan ARM Climate Research Facility Tropical Western Pacific Manus Site October 2011-March 2012 C Long Principal Investigator A DelGenio P May W Gustafson S McFarlane R Houze P Minnis C Jakob C Schumacher M Jensen A Vogelmann S Klein Y Wang L Ruby Leung X Wu X Liu S Xie E Luke March 2010 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S Government Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed,

158

ARM - Principal Investigator Data Products  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govDataPI Data Products govDataPI Data Products Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send PI Data Products These data sets have been made available by ARM principal investigators (PI) or by others for use by the scientific community through the ARM Data Archive. These data are value-added products to particular ARM data sets or are derived research data of value to ARM science. To submit your own value-added data set, go to Data Product Registration and Submission. Using your Archive account, these data are freely available. First time users of the Archive will need to create a new account by completing a relatively short form asking for contact information-accounts are activated right away. Product Name Investigator Sites Start End

159

ARM MJO Investigation Experiment on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 ARM MJO Investigation Experiment on Gan Island (AMIE-Gan) Science Plan October 2011-March 2012 C Long Principal Investigator A Del Genio P May M Deng S McFarlane X Fu P Minnis W Gustafson C Schumacher R Houze A Vogelmann C Jakob Y Wang M Jensen P Webster R Johnson S Xie X Liu C Zhang E Luke April 2011 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights.

160

AMIE (ACRF MJO Investigation Experiment)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AMIE AMIE (ACRF MJO Investigation Experiment) Planning Meeting AMIE Science Steering Committee Chuck Long, Tony DelGenio, Bill Gustafson, Bob Houze, Mike Jensen, Steve Klein, Ruby Leung, Xaihong Liu, Ed Luke, Peter May, Sally McFarlane, Pat Minnis, Courtney Schumacher, Andy Vogelmann, Yi Wang, Xiaoqing Wu, Shaohong Xie Agenda * Proposal due May 1 !!!!!! * Primary purpose of this meeting is discussions and planning in support of

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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Investigation of a regenerative damping concept  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a justification for the study of regenerative damping, a general statement of the regenerative damping problem, and a detailed analysis of a specific proposed solution to the regenerative damping problem. Improvement in the efficiency of many physical systems is realized by the incorporation of regenerative devices, and all devices which dissipate power are candidates for investigation as regenerative systems. The viscous damper is a dissipative device which may be suitable for energy regeneration and is therefore investigated as such. Regenerative damping involves storing the power normally dissipated by a passive viscous damper. This task is accomplished by constructing a system which connects an energy storing device to the device being damped. The connecting system must efficiently transfer power from the device being damped to the storage device while simultaneously meeting the operating impedance of the storage device and producing a desired damping impedance. Many physical systems can accomplish this task, and the variable linear transmission is proposed for further investigation. Mathematical, graphical, and computer models are constructed to study the variable linear transmission. These models directly indicate the control strategies necessary to operate the device as a regenerative damper. Studies of kinematic performance and efficiency of the proposed damper indicate that a strong connection exists between the goodness of the performance of the proposed device as a damper and its efficiency. Both of these issues are directly related to the strategy used in the active control of the device.Results indicate that in its ideal state, the proposed damper exactly solves the problem of regenerative damping. For the non-ideal operation of the device, which includes the effects of system actuation dynamics, the performance looks promising but will require more investigation into optimal control strategies. Overall, the prospects for realizing regenerative damping are shown to be positive, and further investigation of this subject is encouraged.

Fodor, Michael Glenn

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

W-67: Investigating Strain-Induced Martensitic Transformation in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this regard, we investigated the strain-induced martensitic transformation of .... W-43: Existence of Niobium in Ductile Iron and Its Effect on the Morphology of ... Sensing Characteristics of Nanocrystalline Tin Oxide Through Fabrication of ...

163

Investigation of Piloting Aids for Manual Control of Hypersonic Maneuvers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An investigation of piloting aids designed to provide precise maneuver control for an air-breathing hypersonic vehicle is described. Stringent constraints and nonintuitive high-speed flight effects associated with maneuvering in the hypersonic regime ...

Raney David L.; Phillips Michael R.; Jr Lee H. Person

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Investigations of the Origin and Effect of Anomalous Rafting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

grit blasting or shot peening before the coating process. This pro- cedure will probably cause plastic deformation of a surface layer. 531. It has to be noted that  ...

165

Investigation on Formation Mechanism of Non-Anode Effect Related ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NAE-PFC will emit when there is not enough alumina under some or other anode's ... PFC and CO2 Emissions from an Australian Aluminium Smelter Using  ...

166

SMUD's Summer Solutions Study: An Investigation of the Effects...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynamic Pricing, and Thermostat Automation on Residential Energy Conservation and Demand Response Speaker(s): Karen Herter Date: February 10, 2012 - 12:00pm Location:...

167

Experimental Investigation on Anisotropic Effective Thermal Conductivity of Pebble Bed  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computational Tools, Modeling & Validation / Proceedings of the Nineteenth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (TOFE) (Part 2)

Takehiko Yokomine

168

Laboratory investigations of effective flow behavior in unsaturated heterogeneous sands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Priority List NRC U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission NUREG U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Wildenschild, Dorthe

169

Atomistic Methods for the Investigation of Radiation Effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results will illustrate those aspects of radiation damage production that are unique to iron as well as those that are more generic. A comparison between the  ...

170

A Microstructural Investigation on the Effect of Cold Work on ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Crack Growth Rates of Irradiated Commercial Stainless Steels in BWR and PWR ... Detailed Root Cause Analysis of SG Tube ODSCC Indications within the Tube Sheets of NPP Biblis Unit A .... Radiation Damage in Fe-C-Met Model Alloys ... Stress Corrosion Cracking Behavior near the Fusion Boundary of Dissimilar Weld

171

Lidar investigation of atmosphere effect on a wind turbine wake  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An experimental study of the spatial wind structure in the vicinity of a wind turbine by a NOAA coherent Doppler lidar has been conducted. It has been found out that a working wind turbine generates a wake with the maximum velocity deficit varying ...

I. N. Smalikho; V. A. Banakh; Y. L. Pichugina; W. A. Brewer; R. M. Banta; J. K. Lundquist; N. D. Kelley

172

Investigation of Effect of Zr Allotropic Transformation on Interdiffusion ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pair Distribution Function Analysis of Irradiated Cladding and Duct Reactor ... for Primary Coolant Pipe of Nuclear Power Plants and Its Influence on Localized ... Changes and Corrosion Resistance of Ti-5Ta-2Nb/304L SS Explosive Clads in ...

173

Lidar Investigation of Atmosphere Effect on a Wind Turbine Wake  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An experimental study of the spatial wind structure in the vicinity of a wind turbine by a NOAA coherent Doppler lidar has been conducted. It was found that a working wind turbine generates a wake with the maximum velocity deficit varying from 27% ...

I. N. Smalikho; V. A. Banakh; Y. L. Pichugina; W. A. Brewer; R. M. Banta; J. K. Lundquist; N. D. Kelley

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Empirical investigation towards the effectiveness of Test First programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Test First (TF) programming, which is based on an iterative process of ''setting up test cases, implementing the functionality, and having all test cases passed'', has been put forward for decades, however knowledge of the evidence of the Test First ... Keywords: Agile methods, Empirical software engineering, Programming paradigms, Software engineering process, Software testing, Testing strategies

Liang Huang; Mike Holcombe

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

LLNL-CONF-482708 Investigation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2708 2708 Investigation of Stimulation-Response Relationships for Complex Fracture Systems in Enhanced Geothermal Reservoirs P. Fu, S. M. Johnson, C. R. Carrigan May 5, 2011 35th Annual Meeting of the Geothermal Resources Council San Diego, CA, United States October 23, 2011 through October 26, 2011 Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC, nor any of their employees makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein

176

Investigation of global Alfven instabilities in TFTR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Toroidal Alfven Eigenmodes (TAE) were excited by the energetic neutral beam ions tangentially injected into TFTR plasmas at low magnetic field such that the injection velocities were comparable to the Alfven speed. The modes were identified by measurements from Mirnov coils and beam emission spectroscopy (BES). TAE modes appear in bursts whose repetition rate increases with beam power. The neutron emission rate exhibits sawtooth-like behavior and the crashes always coincide with TAE bursts. This indicates ejection of fast ions from the plasma until these modes are stabilized. The dynamics of growth and stabilization was investigated at various plasma current and magnetic field. The results indicate that the instability can effectively clamp the number of energetic ions in the plasma. The observed instability threshold is discussed in the light of recent theories. In addition to these TAE modes, intermittent oscillations at three times the fundamental TAE frequency were observed by Mirnov coils, but no corresponding signal was found in BES. It appears that these high frequency oscillations do not have direct effect on the plasma neutron source strength.

Wong, K.L.; Paul, S.F.; Fredrickson, E.D.; Nazikian, R.; Park, H.K.; Bell, M.; Bretz, N.L.; Budny, R.; Cheng, C.Z.; Cohen, S.; Hammett, G.W.; Jobes, F.C.; Johnson, L.; Meade, D.M.; Medley, S.S.; Mueller, D.; Nagayama, Y.; Owens, D.K.; Synakowski, E.J. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Plasma Physics Lab.; Durst, R.; Fonck, R.J. [Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI (United States); Roberts, D.R. [Texas Univ., Austin, TX (United States); Sabbagh, S. [Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

NIST Highlight about investigating nanoscale pattern shape ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST researchers validate new method for investigating nanoscale pattern shape evolution. NIST researchers successfully ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

178

Metal Detectives: New Book Details Titanic Investigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Metal Detectives: New Book Details Titanic Investigation. For Immediate Release: April 15, 2008. ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

179

Thermodynamic Investigation of Crystalline Thorium Selenite ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Thermodynamic Investigation of Crystalline Thorium Selenite Monohydrate VP NesterenkoC,S Belarusian National ...

2006-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

180

Surveillance Guide - OPS 9.6 Investigation of Abnormal Events  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

INVESTIGATION OF ABNORMAL EVENTS INVESTIGATION OF ABNORMAL EVENTS 1.0 Objective The objective of this surveillance is to verify that contractor personnel are effectively investigating abnormal events. The activities included in this surveillance provide a basis for determining whether the contractor has implemented a thorough review process to identify, investigate, and resolve abnormal events. The surveillance also provides a basis for ensuring that applicable DOE requirements are implemented. 2.0 References 2.1 DOE 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities 2.2 DOE-STD-1045-93, Guide To Good Practices for Notifications and Investigations of Abnormal Events 2.3 DOE 232.1A, Occurrence Reporting and Processing of Operations Information 3.0 Requirements Implemented

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "investigate non-targeted effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

An Audio-Magnetotelluric Investigation In Terceira Island (Azores) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Audio-Magnetotelluric Investigation In Terceira Island (Azores) Audio-Magnetotelluric Investigation In Terceira Island (Azores) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Audio-Magnetotelluric Investigation In Terceira Island (Azores) Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Ten audio-magnetotelluric soundings have been carried out along a profile crossing the Serra do Cume caldera in the eastern part of the Terceira Island (Azores). The main objectives of this investigation were to detect geoelectrical features related with tectonic structures and to characterize regional hydrological and hydrothermal aspects mainly those related to geothermal fluid dynamics. Three-dimensional numerical investigation showed that the data acquired at periods shorter than 1 s are not significantly affected by ocean effect. The data was analysed using the

182

Wood Pulp Digetster Wall Corrosion Investigation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The modeling of the flow in a wood pulp digester is but one component of the investigation of the corrosion of digesters. This report describes the development of a Near-Wall-Model (NWM) that is intended to couple with a CFD model that determines the flow, heat, and chemical species transport and reaction within the bulk flow of a digester. Lubrication theory approximations were chosen from which to develop a model that could determine the flow conditions within a thin layer near the vessel wall using information from the interior conditions provided by a CFD calculation of the complete digester. The other conditions will be determined by coupled solutions of the wood chip, heat, and chemical species transport and chemical reactions. The NWM was to couple with a digester performance code in an iterative fashion to provide more detailed information about the conditions within the NW region. Process Simulations, Ltd (PSL) is developing the digester performance code. This more detailed (and perhaps more accurate) information from the NWM was to provide an estimate of the conditions that could aggravate the corrosion at the wall. It is intended that this combined tool (NWM-PSL) could be used to understand conditions at/near the wall in order to develop methods to reduce the corrosion. However, development and testing of the NWM flow model took longer than anticipated and the other developments (energy and species transport, chemical reactions and linking with the PSL code) were not completed. The development and testing of the NWM are described in this report. In addition, the investigation of the potential effects of a clear layer (layer reduced in concentration of wood chips) near the wall is reported in Appendix D. The existence of a clear layer was found to enhance the flow near the wall.

Giles, GE

2003-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

183

Investigation of coal structure. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A better understanding of coal structure is the first step toward more effective utilization of the most abundant hydrocarbon resource. Detailed characterization of coal structure is very difficult, even with today`s highly developed analytical techniques. This is primarily due to the amorphous nature of these high-molecular-weight mixtures. Coal has a polymeric character and has been popularly represented as a three-dimensional cross-linked network. There is, however, little or no information which positively verifies this model. The principal objective of this research was to further investigate the physical structure of coal and to determine the extent to which coal molecules may be covalently cross-linked and/or physically associated. Two common characterization methods, swellability and extractability, were used. A technique modifying the conventional swelling procedure was established to better determine network or associated model conformation. A new method for evaluating coal swelling involving laser scattering has also been developed. The charge-transfer interaction is relatively strong in high-volatile bituminous coal. Soaking in the presence of electron donors and acceptors proved effective for solubilizing the coal, but temperatures in excess of 200 C were required. More than 70 wt% of the coal was readily extracted with pyridine after soaking. Associative/dissociative equilibria of coal molecules were observed during soaking. From these results, the associated model has gained credibility over the network model as the representative structure of coal. Significant portions of coal molecules are unquestionably physically associated, but the overall extent is not known at this time.

Nishioka, Masaharu

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Evaluating Design Elements in Corrosion Failure Investigations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accident Investigation and Materials Failure Analysis at the Transportation Safety ... Experimental Technique to Conduct Thermal Shock Test on Refractories ...

185

Towards Sustainable Material Usage: Investigating Limits to ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Towards Sustainable Material Usage: Investigating Limits to ... secondary resources decreases energy consumption; this energy advantage ...

186

Investigation of Enhanced Heat Transfer Coefficient with an Electrostatic Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some major contributors to efficiency loss in a fossil or nuclear plant are associated with nucleation of moisture from superheated steam, formation and release of liquid films on turbine surfaces, and the flow and condensation of moist steam into the turbine exhaust and condenser. This report investigates the possible effect of an electrostatic charge on these processes and therefore on heat transfer.

2004-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

187

GIS as an investigative tool| Groundwater contamination and private wells in Guilford County, North Carolina.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The purpose of this research is twofold: (1) to demonstrate the effectiveness of GIS and spatial analysis as a tool for investigating groundwater contamination;… (more)

Wolfe, Kathleen M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

OPS 9.6 Investigation of Abnormal Events 8/24/98  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The objective of this surveillance is to verify that contractor personnel are effectively investigating abnormal events.  The activities included in this surveillance provide a basis for...

189

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Investigation of the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investigation of the impact of aerosols on clouds during the 2003 Aerosol Investigation of the impact of aerosols on clouds during the 2003 Aerosol IOP at the SGP Guo, Huan University of Michigan Aerosol-cloud interaction, that is, the aerosol indirect effect (AIE), is one of the largest uncertainties in the estimation of the aerosol radiative forcing. IPCC (2001) estimated the aerosol forcing ranging from 0 to -4.8W/m^2. So it is very important to investigate and understand the impact of the aerosol on the cloud optical, microphysical and macrophysical properties. The Active Tracer High-resolution Atmospheric Model (ATHAM) is used as a cloud resolving model to examine the effect of aerosols on clouds. In the simulation of the Second Aerosol Characterization Experiment (ACE-2), ATHAM was generally able to reproduce the observed cloud

190

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Investigating Failure in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investigating Failure in Polymer-Electrolyte Fuel Cells Investigating Failure in Polymer-Electrolyte Fuel Cells Project Summary Full Title: Investigating Failure in Polymer-Electrolyte Fuel Cells Project ID: 175 Principal Investigator: John Newman Brief Description: The goal of this project is to understand and mitigate fuel cell failure mechanisms. Keywords: Fuel cell, modeling Purpose This project is conducting fundamental studies of fuel cell failure mechanisms. This includes experiments aimed at meeting the DOE operation and survivability targets at low and subzero temperatures, as well as development of mathematical models and fundamental experiments to improve performance and design against failure phenomena. Performer Principal Investigator: John Newman Organization: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

191

Counter-Top Thermoacoustic Refrigerator- An Experimental Investigation  

SciTech Connect

Thermoacoustic phenomenon is a new alternative refrigeration technology. Though design and fabrication is complex for getting the desired effect, it is environmentally friendly and successful system showed that it is relatively easy to run compared to the traditional vapor compression refrigeration system. Currently, theories supporting the thermoacoustic refrigeration systems are yet to be comprehensive to make them commercially viable. Theoretical, experimental, and numerical studies are being done to address the thermodynamics-acoustics interactions. In this study, experimental investigations were completed to test the feasibility of the practical use of a thermoacoustic refrigerator in its counter-top form for future specific application. The system was designed and fabricated based on linear acoustic theory. Acoustic power was given by a loud speaker and thermoacoustic effects were measured in terms of the cooling effects produced at resonanance. Investigations showed that discrepancies between designed and working resonance frequency exist. Thermoacoutic cooling improved at a certain frequency, achieved when the working frequency was varied away from the design frequency. A cooling effect of 4.8 K below the ambient temperature of 23.3 deg. C was obtained from the counter-top thermoacoustic system. This system uses no refrigerants and no compressor to generate the cooling effect, a potential to be further investigated for a practical system.

Anwar, Mahmood; Ghazali, Normah Mohd [Department of Thermo-Fluids, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Skudai 81310, Johor (Malaysia)

2010-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

192

Before the House Subcommittee on Investigations & Oversight ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

& Oversight - Committee on Science, Space, and Technology Before the House Subcommittee on Investigations & Oversight - Committee on Science, Space, and Technology Testimony of...

193

Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Preliminary investigations of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GEOTHERMAL TECHNOLOGIES LEGACY COLLECTION - Sponsored by OSTI -- Preliminary investigations of the thermal energy grid concept Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ |...

194

Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Laboratory investigation of...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Laboratory investigation of steam adsorption in geothermal reservoir rocks Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us | Admin Log On HomeBasic...

195

Investigation of Solution Combustion Synthesis and Precipitation ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Investigation of Solution Combustion Synthesis and Precipitation Synthesis Conditions on TiO2 and ZnO Nanopowder Characteristics

196

Early Science Program Investigators Meeting | Argonne Leadership...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

through ambitious scientific computations enabled by the ALCF's Early Science Program (ESP). Investigators from each of the 16 ESP projects will overview their simulation...

197

Investigation of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde sampling rate...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

formaldehyde and acetaldehyde sampling rate and ozone interference for passive deployment of Waters Sep-Pak XPoSure samplers Title Investigation of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde...

198

NERSC Allocations: For Principal Investigators and Managers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Allocations NERSC Allocations: for Principal Investigators and Account Managers Allocations Overview and Eligibility A researcher may apply for an allocation of NERSC resources if...

199

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Investigation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investigation of high ice supersaturation in cirrus clouds using ARM data and an explicit cloud model Comstock, Jennifer Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Lin, Ruei-Fong NASA...

200

Computational and Experimental Investigations into Aerospace Plasmas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Investigations into two different fields of plasma research are presented here. These include the study of ion engine performance and the use of plasma discharges… (more)

Bennett, William Thomas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "investigate non-targeted effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Electrical Resistivity Investigation of Gas Hydrate Distribution...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 Electrical Resistivity Investigation of Gas Hydrate Distribution in the Mississippi Canyon Block 118, Gulf of Mexico Submitted by: Baylor University One Bear Place, Box 97354...

202

Electrical Resistivity Investigation of Gas Hydrate Distribution...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

January 1 - March 31, 2011 Electrical Resistivity Investigation of Gas Hydrate Distribution in the Mississippi Canyon Block 118, Gulf of Mexico Submitted by: Baylor University One...

203

Electrical Resistivity Investigation of Gas Hydrate Distribution...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

09 Electrical Resistivity Investigation of Gas Hydrate Distribution in the Mississippi Canyon Block 118, Gulf of Mexico Submitted by: Baylor University One Bear Place, Box 97354...

204

Electrical Resistivity Investigation of Gas Hydrate Distribution...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

January 1 - March 31, 2012 Electrical Resistivity Investigation of Gas Hydrate Distribution in the Mississippi Canyon Block 118, Gulf of Mexico Submitted by: Baylor University One...

205

Electrical Resistivity Investigation of Gas Hydrate Distribution...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

April 1 - June 30, 2011 Electrical Resistivity Investigation of Gas Hydrate Distribution in the Mississippi Canyon Block 118, Gulf of Mexico Submitted by: Baylor University One...

206

Electrical Resistivity Investigation of Gas Hydrate Distribution...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

July 1 - September 30, 2011 Electrical Resistivity Investigation of Gas Hydrate Distribution in the Mississippi Canyon Block 118, Gulf of Mexico Submitted by: Baylor University One...

207

Accident Investigation Report Plutonium Contamination in the...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accident Investigation Report Plutonium Contamination in the Zero Power Physics Reactor Facility at the Idaho National Laboratory, November 8, 2011 January 2012 Disclaimer...

208

Investigator Manual Version 3.0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investigator Manual Version 3.0 January 2013 Human Subjects Protection Program The University;Investigator Manual Version 3.0: 01/2013 Page 2 of 70 ©2009 Huron Consulting Services, LLC. Huron Consulting Manual Version 3.0: 01/2013 Page 3 of 70 ©2009 Huron Consulting Services, LLC. Huron Consulting Group Use

Arizona, University of

209

Microdosimetric investigations at the fast neutron therapy facility at Fermilab  

SciTech Connect

Microdosimetry was used to investigate three issues at the neutron therapy facility (NTF) at Fermilab. Firstly, the conversion factor from absorbed dose in A-150 tissue equivalent plastic to absorbed dose in ICRU tissue was determined. For this, the effective neutron kerma factor ratios, i.e., oxygen tissue equivalent plastic and carbon to A-150 tissue equivalent plastic, were measured in the neutron beam. An A-150 tissue equivalent plastic to ICRU tissue absorbed dose conversion factor of 0.92 {+-} 0.04 was determined. Secondly, variations in the radiobiological effectiveness (RBE) in the beam were mapped by determining variations in two related quantities, e{sup *} and R, with field size and depth in tissue. Maximal variation in e{sup *} and R of 9% and 15% respectively were determined. Lastly, the feasibility of utilizing the boron neutron capture reaction on boron-10 to selectively enhance the tumor dose in the NTF beam was investigated.

Langen, K.M.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

DOE Investigates Possible Air Conditioner Efficiency Violations |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Investigates Possible Air Conditioner Efficiency Violations Investigates Possible Air Conditioner Efficiency Violations DOE Investigates Possible Air Conditioner Efficiency Violations February 15, 2012 - 5:13pm Addthis The Department of Energy's Office of Enforcement is committed to its compliance enforcement responsibilities with regard to federal energy conservation standards and ensuring that all those subject to the requirements are treated fairly and equally. Today, the Office of Enforcement issued a series of subpoenas as part of an investigation to determine whether manufacturers of split-system air conditioners are making and distributing in the U.S. condensing units that do not meet the current 13 SEER (Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio) federal energy conservation standard, which has been the standard since 2006.

211

Nine Steps of a Failure Investigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Field investigation kit contents...Be careful about color. Known color chart, white piece of paper, etc. Kodak grey or color chart, Ace Hardware paint

212

INVESTIGATION OF BULK POWER ERCOT (Texas)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INVESTIGATION OF BULK POWER MARKETS ERCOT (Texas) November 1, 2000 The analyses and conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2 A. Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2 B. The 1995 Texas Electricity Restructuring Statute

Laughlin, Robert B.

213

Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy Investigations of Complex...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy Investigations of Complex Oxides Monday, May 23, 2011 - 3:30pm SSRL Conference room 137-322 Professor Tom Vogt, NanoCenter & Department of...

214

The Fundamentals of Forensic Investigation Procedures Guidebook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

No reference or guideline for the practice of or procedure for analyzing equipment failures and accidents involving electric utility distribution systems has been available until publication of "The Fundamentals of Forensic Investigation Procedures Guidebook."

2003-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

215

Investigation on digitized RF transport over fiber.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Finally, the thesis investigates the power consumptions and energy-saving potentials of the fiber-wireless integration techniques. A mathematical model for estimating the base station power consumption… (more)

Yang, Yizhuo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Investigation of asymmetric plasma blob dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dynamics of asymmetric blobs is investigated in the Versatile Toroidal Facility (VTF) at MIT. Blobs are local regions of enhanced plasma density. Blobs are relevant to several areas of physics research, including fusion ...

Soane, Alexander (Alexander Visotsky)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECTS OFINVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECTS OF FENESTRATION SYSTEMS ON THEFENESTRATION SYSTEMS ON THE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for various framing options applied toied to minor windows for the building located in Washington, DC:minor windows for the building located in Washington, DC: minor windows windows Building description Floor area: ~220,000Floor area: ~220,000 sfsf Window area: ~50,000sfWindow area: ~50,000sf

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

218

2008 Rosalind Franklin Young Investigator Award  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The 2008 3-Way Meeting The 2008 3-Way Meeting In R&D, Super X-rays Mark Many Spots A New Gas Loading System for Diamond Anvil Cells at GSECARS Sidorowicz Named "Supervisor of the Year" SESS 2007: The School for Environmental Sciences with Synchrotrons APS News Archives: 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed 2008 Rosalind Franklin Young Investigator Award APRIL 24, 2008 Bookmark and Share Oleg Shpyrko The Advanced Photon Source (APS) Users Organization has named Oleg G. Shpyrko of the University of California, San Diego, as the recipient of the 2008 Rosalind Franklin Young Investigator Award. The award recognizes an important technical or scientific accomplishment by a young investigator that depended on, or is beneficial to, the APS. Shpyrko will receive the

219

Geothermal Energy Resource Investigations, Chocolate Mountains Aerial  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Investigations, Chocolate Mountains Aerial Investigations, Chocolate Mountains Aerial Gunnery Range, Imperial Valley, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Geothermal Energy Resource Investigations, Chocolate Mountains Aerial Gunnery Range, Imperial Valley, California Details Activities (5) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The US Navy's Geothermal Program Office (GPO), has conducted geothermal exploration in the Chocolate Mountains Aerial Gunnery Range (CMAGR) since the mid-1970s. At this time, the focus of the GPO had been on the area to the east of the Hot Mineral Spa KGRA, Glamis and areas within the Chocolate Mountains themselves. Using potential field geophysics, mercury surveys and geologic mapping to identify potential anomalies related to recent hydrothermal activity. After a brief hiatus starting in

220

APSUO Announces Rosalind Franklin Young Investigator Award  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

APSUO Announces Rosalind Franklin Young Investigator Award APSUO Announces Rosalind Franklin Young Investigator Award In conjunction with the Advanced Photon Source (APS), the APS Users Organization (APSUO) has established the APSUO Rosalind Franklin Young Investigator Award. The nomination deadline for this award is March 15, 2004. The award will be presented at the 2004 Users Meeting for the Advanced Photon Source, held at Argonne on May 3-6, 2004. Rosalind Franklin Born in 1920, Rosalind Franklin graduated from Cambridge University in 1941 in time to focus on a wartime problem: the composition of coal and charcoal and how to use them most efficiently. She published five papers on the subject before she was 26 years old, work that is still quoted today, and helped launch the field of high-strength carbon fibers. When Franklin had

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "investigate non-targeted effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

New statistical methods for investigating submarine pockmarks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the applicability of some novel spatial analysis techniques, developed for studies of astrophysical datasets, to the analysis of spatial point data in sedimentary basins. The techniques are evaluated and compared with standard methods ... Keywords: Pockmarks, Spatial distribution, Statistical methods

Annabel Cartwright; Jennifer Moss; Joe Cartwright

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Stability of Java interfaces: a preliminary investigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The attribute of stability is regarded by some as an important attribute of software. Some claims regarding software design quality imply that what are called interfaces in Java are stable. This paper introduces some new metrics for investigating ... Keywords: java interface, software metrics, stability

Jonathan Chow; Ewan Tempero

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

A LABORATORY INVESTIGATION OF STEAM ADSORPTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A LABORATORY INVESTIGATION OF STEAM ADSORPTION IN GEOTHERMAL RESERVOIR ROCKS OF STANFORD UNIVERSITY, if any, liquid. Yet to satisfy material bal- ance constraints, another phase besides steam must be present. If steam adsorption occurring in significant amounts is not accounted for, the reserves

Stanford University

224

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Marianne B. Sowa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Marianne B. Sowa Marianne B. Sowa PNNL - Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Funded Projects A Mechanistic Study of the Radiation Quality Dependence of Bystander Effects in Human Cells Technical Abstracts 2006 Workshop: Using a Low-LET Electron Microbeam to Investigate Non-Targeted Effects of Low Dose Radiation. Sowa, M.B., Goetz, W., Baulch, J., and Morgan, W.F. Morphological Changes in a 3D Mammary Model Following Exposure to Low Dose, Low-LET Radiation Opresko, L.K., Chrisler, W., Emory, K., Arthurs, B., and Sowa, M.B. 2005 Workshops: Using a Low LET Electron Microbeam to Investigate Non-Targeted Effects of Low Dose Radiation Morgan, W.F. and Sowa, M.B. Publications Perrine, K.A., Lamarche, B.L., Hopkins, D.F., Budge, S.E., Opresko, L.K., Wiley, H.S., and Sowa, M.B. (2007). High speed method for in situ

225

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: William F. Morgan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

William F. Morgan William F. Morgan Pacific Northwest National Laboratory PO Box 999 Richland, Washington About this Project Projects Using a Low LET Electron Microbeam to Investigate Non-Targeted Effects of Low Dose Radiation. Optimizing the Scientific, Regulatory, and Societal Impact of the DOE Low Dose Radiation Research Program A Mechanistic Study of the Radiation Quality Dependence of Bystander Effects in Human Cells. Genetic Factors Affecting Susceptibility to Low-Dose Radiation Mechanisms of Adaptive Responses and Genomic Instability Induced by Low Dose/ Low Dose Rate Radiation Technical Abstracts 2006 Workshop: Using a Low-LET Electron Microbeam to Investigate Non-Targeted Effects of Low Dose Radiation Sowa, M.B., Goetz, W., Baulch, J., and Morgan, W.F. Genetic Factors Affecting Susceptibility to Low-Dose Radiation

226

Solid waste management and health effects.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This report investigates possible health effects due to improper disposal of waste and the awareness within a community. The aim was also to investigate… (more)

Selin, Emma

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Investigation Letter Report: I11IG002 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Letter Report: I11IG002 Letter Report: I11IG002 Investigation Letter Report: I11IG002 August 17, 2011 Impact of Copper Thefts on the Department of Energy A series of news articles during the last several months have reported increased thefts of copper nationally, including several that have interrupted electrical distribution and telephone service in communities across the country. The Department of Energy's laboratories, environmental remediation sites, generating stations and other facilities have not been immune to this problem. Over the last few years, the Office of Inspector General (OIG) has successfully investigated numerous reports of copper thefts from Department sites nationwide. The OIG believes that there are several practical, cost-effective steps that the Department can

228

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Investigation of Ice  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investigation of Ice Crystal Shapes Using Multi-resolution Techniques Investigation of Ice Crystal Shapes Using Multi-resolution Techniques McFarquhar, Greg University of Illinois Better knowledge of small-scale features from ice crystals are needed to determine their effects on radiation and hence to improve the treatment of clouds in climate models. With the Cloud Particle Imager (CPI) it is now possible to capture ice crystal images with 2.3 μm resolution and 256 gray scales of illumination, providing an unprecedented wealth of information to utilize in the ongoing quest to understand the small scale structure of ice crystals. In this study, we applied wavelet and fractal analysis to CPI images of ice crystals collected in cirrus by the University of North Dakota Citation during the Intensive Observation Period at the Southern

229

Investigations into methane accumulation in coal storage silos  

SciTech Connect

The ventilation systems of coal storage silos are normally capable of rapidly dispersing any accumulations of methane in the atmosphere above the coal pile surface. However, the results of an investigation which is presented in this report show that hazardous concentrations of methane can accumulate within the coal pile. Methane trapped within the coal pile is released into the atmosphere of the loading gallery when coal is discharged from a silo. If the methane released is of a flammable concentration it is necessary to ventilate the gallery to reduce the risk of an ignition. This report proposes a simple test, which, after further investigations may prove to be an effective method to calculate gallery ventilation requirements.

Kolada, R.J.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Studies of Bystander Effects in 3-D Tissue Systems Using a Low-LET Microbeam  

SciTech Connect

It is now accepted that biological effects may occur in cells that were not themselves traversed by ionizing radiation but are close to those that were. Little is known about the mechanism underlying such a bystander effect, although cell-to-cell communication is thought to be important. Previous work demonstrated a significant bystander effect for clonogenic survival and oncogenic transformation in C3H 10T(1/2) cells. Additional studies were undertaken to assess the importance of the degree of cell-to-cell contact at the time of irradiation on the magnitude of this bystander effect by varying the cell density. When 10% of cells were exposed to a range of 2-12 alpha particles, a significantly greater number of cells were inactivated when cells were irradiated at high density than at low density. In addition, the oncogenic transformation frequency was significantly higher in high-density cultures. These results suggest that when a cell is hit by radiation, the transmission of the bystander signal through cell-to-cell contact is an important mediator of the effect, implicating the involvement of intracellular communication through gap junctions. Additional studies to address the relationship between the bystander effect and the adaptive response were undertaken. A novel apparatus, where targeted and non-targeted cells were grown in close proximity, was used to investigate these. It was further examined whether a bystander effect or an adaptive response could be induced by a factor(s) present in the supernatants of cells exposed to a high or low dose of X-rays, respectively. When non-hit cells were co-cultured for 24 h with cells irradiated with 5 Gy alpha-particles, a significant increase in both cell killing and oncogenic transformation frequency was observed. If these cells were treated with 2 cGy X-rays 5 h before co-culture with irradiated cells, approximately 95% of the bystander effect was cancelled out. A 2.5-fold decrease in the oncogenic transformation frequency was also observed. When cells were cultured in medium donated from cells exposed to 5 Gy X-rays, a significant bystander effect was observed for clonogenic survival. When cells were cultured for 5 h with supernatant from donor cells exposed to 2 cGy and were then irradiated with 4 Gy X-rays, they failed to show an increase in survival compared with cells directly irradiated with 4 Gy. However, a twofold reduction in the oncogenic transformation frequency was seen. An adaptive dose of X-rays cancelled out the majority of the bystander effect produced by alpha-particles. For oncogenic transformation, but not cell survival, radioadaption can occur in unirradiated cells via a transmissible factor(s). A pilot study was undertaken to observe the bystander effect in a realistic multicellular three-dimensional morphology. We found bystander responses in a three-dimensional, normal human-tissue system. Endpoints were induction of micronucleated and apoptotic cells. A charged-particle microbeam was used, allowing irradiation of cells in defined locations in the tissue yet guaranteeing that no cells located more than a few micrometers away receive any radiation exposure. Unirradiated cells up to 1 mm distant from irradiated cells showed a significant enhancement in effect over background, with an average increase in effect of 1.7-fold for micronuclei and 2.8-fold for apoptosis. The surprisingly long range of bystander signals in human tissue suggests that bystander responses may be important in extrapolating radiation risk estimates from epidemiologically accessible doses down to very low doses where nonhit bystander cells will predominate. Finally, it would be of great benefit to develop a reproducible tissue system suitable for critical radiobiological assays. We have developed a reliable protocol to harvest cells from tissue samples and to investigate the damage induced on a single cell basis. In order to result in a valid tool for bystander experiments, the method focuses on processing and analyzing radiation damage in individual cells as a function of their rela

Brenner, David J.

2009-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

231

An Investigation of Omega Windfinding Accuracy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The major sources of error in Omega-derived wind estimates are examined and illustrated. Sample dropwindsondes and local Omega signals are used to illustrate the effects of several types of phase propagation anomalies. A stationary test sonde and ...

James L. Franklin; Paul R. Julian

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

ARM Madden-Julian Oscillation Investigation Experiment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Madden-Julian Oscillation Investigation Experiment Madden-Julian Oscillation Investigation Experiment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

233

Investigating Inflation Persistence in the ACF Domain ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper investigates inflation persistence in a panel of 20 OECD economies by means of the sample AutoCorrelation Functions (ACFs). We find that the inflation empirical ACFs display a common behavior across countries, characterized by long-lasting fluctuations around a potentially time-varying mean. Recent contributions in the macroeconomic literature on heterogeneity in price setting and aggregation offer theoretical support to our findings. Moreover, the empirical ACFs are well approximated by a nonlinear and long memory time series process (ACT) which improves over standard linear autoregressive processes. This improvement is robust to variations of the investigated sample. Using the estimated parameters of the ACT functional form as a measure of inflation persistence, we find a negative correlation between persistence and inflation targeting. JEL classification: E50, C22.

Giovanni Caggiano; Efrem Castelnuovo

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Investigation of New Families of HTSC Compounds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The discovery of the new family of copper-oxide superconductors has opened an area of exciting new materials science with enormous potential for practical developments in technology and engineering. However, this should not stop the search for new higher temperature or higher current carrying superconductors. This project investigated the doping of copper chloride to achieve superconductivity. Discovery of new families of superconductors may provide us with more power applications.

1995-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

235

Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investigating Extreme Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects Print Wednesday, 28 July 2010 00:00 Since the 1970s, the semiconductor industry has strived to shrink the cost and size of circuit patterns printed onto computer chips in accordance with Moore's law, doubling the number of transistors on a computer's central processing unit (CPU) every two years. The introduction of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, printing chips using 13-nm-wavelength light, opens the way to future generations of smaller, faster, and cheaper semiconductors. EUV lithography relies on specialized lenses made of curved mirrors with reflective coatings called multilayers to print patterns with high resolution. One special flat mirror called a mask is particularly sensitive to even the smallest imperfections. To better detect and characterize mask defects, scientists at Berkeley Lab worked with SEMATECH, an international semiconductor industry consortium, to create a unique Fresnel zone-plate microscope on Advanced Light Source Beamline 11.3.2 called the SEMATECH Berkeley Actinic Inspection Tool (AIT).

236

Clean slate corrective action investigation plan  

SciTech Connect

The Clean Slate sites discussed in this report are situated in the central portion of the Tonopah Test Range (TTR), north of the Nevada Test Site (NTS) on the northwest portion of the Nellis Air Force Range (NAFR) which is approximately 390 kilometers (km) (240 miles [mi]) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. These sites were the locations for three of the four Operation Roller Coaster experiments. These experiments evaluated the dispersal of plutonium in the environment from the chemical explosion of a plutonium-bearing device. Although it was not a nuclear explosion, Operation Roller Coaster created some surface contamination which is now the subject of a corrective action strategy being implemented by the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project (NV ERP) for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Corrective Action Investigation (CAI) activities will be conducted at three of the Operation Roller Coaster sites. These are Clean Slate 1 (CS-1), Clean Slate 2 (CS-2), and Clean Slate 3 (CS-3) sites, which are located on the TTR. The document that provides or references all of the specific information relative to the various investigative processes is called the Corrective Action Investigation Plan (CAIP). This CAIP has been prepared for the DOE Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV) by IT Corporation (IT).

NONE

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Investigation of Structural and Electronic Properties of Graphene Oxide  

SciTech Connect

The local atomic structure of graphene oxide has been probed using synchrotron radiations. Detailed investigations of recently proposed simplistic model of graphene oxide using x-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy have been performed. X-ray diffraction measurements and calculations indicate loss of coherence between graphene-like layers. However, larger in-plane structural coherence is understood to be present. Selected area electron diffraction measurements indicate the presence of graphitic regions in graphene oxide which is expected to produce interesting confinement effects in graphene oxide which could be important for the development of tunable electronic and photonic devices.

S Saxena; T Tyson; S Shukla; E Negusse; H Chen; J Bai

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

238

Investigations of the cascade of Langmuir wave turbulence over HAARP Observatory in Gakona, Alaska  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates the cascade lines from Langmuir wave turbulence as a result of Parametric Decay Instability (PDI) in the ionosphere. This effect is studied using a high-frequency (HF) heater located at the NSF/DoD ...

Burton, Laura M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Investigation of optical methods for hydroyield measurements  

SciTech Connect

Two fiber optic techniques, the Linear Resistive Ladder (LRL) and the piezo-driven LED arrangement, were investigated and successfully demonstrated in the laboratory to be capable of being used for hydroyield measurements. Prototype linear arrangements for each of the above methods were constructed and placed in a designed UGT. The piezo-driven LED method appears very attractive as it showed the potential for becoming an all passive, non-intrusive'' treaty verification method capable of functioning at stress levels ranging from less than 1Kbar to 100 Kbars. Other optical methods using fiber optics for detection mechanisms and signal transmissions were also conceptually examined. 11 figs.

Charest, J.A.; Lynch, C.S. (Dynasen, Inc., Goleta, CA (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Investigation of restricted baby Skyrme models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A restriction of the baby Skyrme model consisting of the quartic and potential terms only is investigated in detail for a wide range of potentials. Further, its properties are compared with those of the corresponding full baby Skyrme models. We find that topological (charge) as well as geometrical (nucleus/shell shape) features of baby Skyrmions are captured already by the soliton solutions of the restricted model. Further, we find a coincidence between the compact or noncompact nature of solitons in the restricted model, on the one hand, and the existence or nonexistence of multi-Skyrmions in the full baby Skyrme model, on the other hand.

Adam, C. [Departamento de Fisica de Particulas, Universidad de Santiago, and Instituto Galego de Fisica de Altas Enerxias (IGFAE) E-15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Romanczukiewicz, T.; Wereszczynski, A. [Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, Krakow (Poland); Sanchez-Guillen, J. [Departamento de Fisica de Particulas, Universidad de Santiago, and Instituto Galego de Fisica de Altas Enerxias (IGFAE) E-15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "investigate non-targeted effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Investigation of restricted baby Skyrme models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A restriction of the baby Skyrme model consisting of the quartic and potential terms only is investigated in detail for a wide range of potentials. Further, its properties are compared with those of the corresponding full baby Skyrme models. We find that topological (charge) as well as geometrical (nucleus/shell shape) features of baby skyrmions are captured already by the soliton solutions of the restricted model. Further, we find a coincidence between the compact or non-compact nature of solitons in the restricted model, on the one hand, and the existence or non-existence of multi-skyrmions in the full baby Skyrme model, on the other hand.

Adam, C; Sanchez-Guillen, J; Wereszczynski, A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Microdosimetric investigations at the Fast Neutron Therapy Facility at Fermilab  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microdosimetry was used to investigate three issues at the neutron therapy facility (NTF) at Fermilab. Firstly, the conversion factor from absorbed dose in A-150 tissue equivalent plastic to absorbed dose in ICRU tissue was determined. For this, the effective neutron kerma factor ratios, i.e. oxygen tissue equivalent plastic and carbon to A-150 tissue equivalent plastic, were measured in the neutron beam. An A-150 tissue equivalent plastic to ICRU tissue absorbed dose conversion factor of 0.92 {+-} 0.04 determined. Secondly, variations in the radiobiological effectiveness (RBE) in the beam were mapped by determining variations in two related quantities, e{sup *} and R, with field size and depth in tissue. Maximal variation in e{sup *} and R of 9% and 15% respectively were determined. Lastly, the feasibility of utilizing the boron neutron capture reaction on boron-10 to selectively enhance the tumor dose in the NTF beam was investigated. In the unmodified beam, a negligible enhancement for a 50 ppm boron loading was measured. To boost the boron dose enhancement to 3% it was necessary to change the primary proton energy from 66 MeV and to filter the beam by 90 mm of tungsten.

Langen, K.M.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

243

Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects Print Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects Print Since the 1970s, the semiconductor industry has strived to shrink the cost and size of circuit patterns printed onto computer chips in accordance with Moore's law, doubling the number of transistors on a computer's central processing unit (CPU) every two years. The introduction of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, printing chips using 13-nm-wavelength light, opens the way to future generations of smaller, faster, and cheaper semiconductors. EUV lithography relies on specialized lenses made of curved mirrors with reflective coatings called multilayers to print patterns with high resolution. One special flat mirror called a mask is particularly sensitive to even the smallest imperfections. To better detect and characterize mask defects, scientists at Berkeley Lab worked with SEMATECH, an international semiconductor industry consortium, to create a unique Fresnel zone-plate microscope on Advanced Light Source Beamline 11.3.2 called the SEMATECH Berkeley Actinic Inspection Tool (AIT).

244

Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects Print Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects Print Since the 1970s, the semiconductor industry has strived to shrink the cost and size of circuit patterns printed onto computer chips in accordance with Moore's law, doubling the number of transistors on a computer's central processing unit (CPU) every two years. The introduction of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, printing chips using 13-nm-wavelength light, opens the way to future generations of smaller, faster, and cheaper semiconductors. EUV lithography relies on specialized lenses made of curved mirrors with reflective coatings called multilayers to print patterns with high resolution. One special flat mirror called a mask is particularly sensitive to even the smallest imperfections. To better detect and characterize mask defects, scientists at Berkeley Lab worked with SEMATECH, an international semiconductor industry consortium, to create a unique Fresnel zone-plate microscope on Advanced Light Source Beamline 11.3.2 called the SEMATECH Berkeley Actinic Inspection Tool (AIT).

245

(90377) SEDNA: INVESTIGATION OF SURFACE COMPOSITIONAL VARIATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dwarf planet (90377) Sedna is one of the most remote solar system objects accessible to investigations. To better constrain its surface composition and to investigate the possible heterogeneity of the surface of Sedna, several observations have been carried out at ESO-VLT with the powerful spectrometer SINFONI observing simultaneously the H and K bands. The analyzed spectra (obtained in 2005, 2007, and 2008) show a non-uniform spectral signature, particularly in the K band. Spectral modeling using the Shkuratov radiative transfer code for surface scattering has been performed using the various sets of data, including previous observations at visible wavelengths and photometry at 3.6 and 4.5 {mu}m by the Spitzer Space Telescope. The visible and near-infrared spectra can be modeled with organic materials (triton and titan tholin), serpentine, and H{sub 2}O ice in fairly significant amounts, and CH{sub 4}, N{sub 2}, and C{sub 2}H{sub 6} in varying trace amounts. One of the spectra obtained in 2005 October shows a different signature in the K band and is best modeled with CH{sub 3}OH in place of CH{sub 4}, with reduced amounts of serpentine and with the addition of olivine. The compositional surface heterogeneity can give input on the past history as well clues to the origin of this peculiar, distant object.

Barucci, M. A.; De Bergh, C.; Merlin, F. [LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon Cedex (France); Morea Dalle Ore, C.; Cruikshank, D. [NASA Ames Research Centerg, Moffett Field, CA 94035-1000 (United States); Alvarez-Candal, A.; Dumas, C., E-mail: antonella.barucci@obspm.f [ESO, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura Casilla 19001, Santiago 19 (Chile)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

246

Laboratory Investigations of Low-Swirl Injectors Operating With Syngases  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investigations of Low-Swirl Injectors Operating With Syngases Investigations of Low-Swirl Injectors Operating With Syngases Title Laboratory Investigations of Low-Swirl Injectors Operating With Syngases Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2008 Authors Cheng, Robert K., and David Littlejohn Journal Proceedings of the Combustion Institute Type of Article Conference Paper: ASME Turbo Expo 2008: Power for Land Sea and Air Abstract The low-swirl injector (LSI) is a lean premixed combustion technology that has the potential for adaptation to fuel-flexible gas turbines operating on a variety of fuels. The objective of this study is to gain a fundamental understanding of the effect of syngas on the LSI flame behavior, the emissions and the flowfield characteristics for its adaptation to the combustion turbines in IGCC clean coal power plants. The experiments were conducted in two facilities. Open laboratory flames generated by a full size (6.35 cm) LSI were used to investigate the lean-blow off limits, emissions, and the flowfield characteristics. Verification of syngas operation at elevated temperatures and pressures were performed with a reduced scale (2.54 cm) LSI in a small pressurized combustion channel. The results show that the basic LSI design is amenable to burning syngases with up to 60% H2. Syngases with high H2 concentration have lower lean blow-off limits. From PIV measurements, the flowfield similarity behavior and the turbulent flame speeds of syngases flames are consistent with those observed in hydrocarbon and pure or diluted hydrogen flames. The NOx emissions from syngas flames show log-linear dependency on the adiabatic flame temperature and are comparable to those reported for the gaseous fuels reported previously. Successful firing of the reduced-scale LSI at 330 < T < 446o F and 8 atm verified the operability of this concept at gas turbine conditions.

247

Salmon Site Remedial Investigation Report, Exhibit 5  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Salmon Site Remedial Investigation Report provides the results of activities initiated by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to determine if contamination at the Salmon Site poses a current or future risk to human health and the environment. These results were used to develop and evaluate a range of risk-based remedial alternatives. Located in Lamar County, Mississippi, the Salmon Site was used by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (predecessor to the DOE) between 1964 and 1970 for two nuclear and two gas explosions conducted deep underground in a salt dome. The testing resulted in the release of radionuclides into the salt dome. During reentry drilling and other site activities, liquid and solid wastes containing radioactivity were generated resulting in surface soil and groundwater contamination. Most of the waste and contaminated soil and water were disposed of in 1993 during site restoration either in the cavities left by the tests or in an injection well. Other radioactive wastes were transported to the Nevada Test Site for disposal. Nonradioactive wastes were disposed of in pits at the site and capped with clean soil and graded. The preliminary investigation showed residual contamination in the Surface Ground Zero mud pits below the water table. Remedial investigations results concluded the contaminant concentrations detected present no significant risk to existing and/or future land users, if surface institutional controls and subsurface restrictions are maintained. Recent sampling results determined no significant contamination in the surface or shallow subsurface. The test cavity resulting from the experiments is contaminated and cannot be economically remediated with existing technologies. The ecological sampling did not detect biological uptake of contaminants in the plants or animals sampled. Based on the current use of the Salmon Site, the following remedial actions were identified to protect both human health and the environment: (1) the installation of a water supply system that will provide potable water to the site and residence in the proximity to the site; (2) continued maintenance of surface institutional controls and subsurface restrictions; and (3) continue to implement the long-term hydrologic monitoring program. The Salmon Site will be relinquished the State of Mississippi as mandated by Public Law 104-201-September 23, 1996, to be used as a demonstration forest/wildlife refuge. Should the land use change in the future and/or monitoring information indicates a change in the site conditions, the DOE will reassess the risk impacts to human health and the environment.

USDOE /NV

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Spectroscopic investigation of nitrogen doped graphene  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current research efforts are aimed at controlling the electronic properties via doping graphene. Previously, dopant-induced changes in the Fermi velocity were observed to result in an effectively downshifted Raman peak below the G Prime -band for n-doped carbon nanotubes. However, in the case of N-doped graphene, we find that several Raman features vary depending upon both dopant concentration and its bonding environment. For instance, only pyridinic/pyrrolic dopants were observed to result in intense D/D Prime -bands with a concomitant downshift in the G Prime -band. Here, we correlate x-ray photoelectron measurements with Raman spectra to elucidate effects of dopant bonding configuration on vibrational properties of graphene.

Podila, R.; Spear, J. T. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634 (United States); Chacon-Torres, J.; Pichler, T.; Ayala, P. [Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna, Strudlhofgasse 4, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Rao, A. M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634 (United States); Center for Optical Materials Science and Technology, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634 (United States)

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

249

Art Scene Investigation: Picasso goes Nanotech  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Linda Young of APS Elected Vice Chair of DAMOP Linda Young of APS Elected Vice Chair of DAMOP Moffat of BioCARS and U. of C. Receives 2011 ACA Patterson Award Argonne's Fenter Wins Warren Award for X-ray Diffraction Studies Lahsen Assoufid Elected a Fellow of SPIE 2011 Arthur H. Compton Award Announced by APSUO APS News Archives: 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed Art Scene Investigation: Picasso goes Nanotech AUGUST 8, 2011 Bookmark and Share Beamline scientist Volker Rose (Argonne National Laboratory) inside the control room [of the nanoprobe x-ray beamline at the APS]. At right, tools of the trade, and our Picasso sample (try to spot the almost invisible white paint chip hanging in the circular hole!) From the Art Institute of Chicago ARTicle blog entry by Francesca Casadio,

250

Numerical Investigations of Kuiper Belt Binaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observations of the Kuiper Belt indicate that a larger than expected percentage of KBO's (approximately 8 out of 500) are in binary pairs. The formation and survival of such objects presents a conundrum [1]. Two competing theories have been postulated to try to solve this problem. One entails the physical collision of bodies [2] while the other utilizes dynamical friction or a third body to dissipate excess momentum and energy from the system [3]. Although in general known binaries tend to differ significantly in mass, such as seen in the Earth-Moon or asteroid binary systems [4], Kuiper binaries discovered to date tend to instead be of similar size [5, 6]. This paper investigates the stability, development and lifetimes for Kuiper Belt binaries by tracking their orbital dynamics and subsequent evolution. Section two details the numerical model while Section three discusses the initial conditions. Finally, in Section four the results are discussed with Section five containing the conclusions.

R. C. Nazzario; T. W. Hyde

2005-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

251

Investigation of flow characteristics of gas turbines  

SciTech Connect

Measurements carried out in the process of assimilation of gas turbine (GT) plants of 16 different types in starting and working conditions to estimate the operational conditions and characteristics of the main elements (in particular of the turbines) have created a basis for generaliztion of flow characteristics of different turbines and for extending them to a wider range of operational conditions. The studies showed that: flow characteristics of the investigated turbines, independently of the number of stages and the degree of reaction, are described by the elliptic flowrate equation; throughput of similar turbines, i.e., of turbines formed of stages with high reaction, which have low design degrees of expansion, can be determined with satisfactory accuracy by the unique function of the degree of expansion; and in operating the gas turbine plants considerable changes in throughput of the turbines are possible.

Ol' khovskii, G.G.; Ol' khovskaya, N.I.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Susanville Geothermal Investigations, California, Special Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report documents the investigations by the Bureau of Reclamation and others of the geothermal resource potential of the Susanville-Honey Lake Valley area, California, made during 1975 and the early part of 1976. Included are discussions on the nature of the resource and the analyses of the data gathered. Susanville is located in northeastern California about 210 miles (330 kilometers) northeast of San Francisco. The purpose of the study was to appraise the geothermal resources in the Susanville-Honey Lake area within the constraints of limited funds and available personnel. The main thrust of the studies consisted of: gathering and analyzing existing data; conducting and evaluating an electrical resistivity survey and an aerial thermal infrared survey; and drilling and logging of temperature gradient holes. The heat flow or energy potential of the resource was not determined.

none

1976-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

MAGIC: Marine ARM GPCI Investigation of Clouds  

SciTech Connect

The second Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Mobile Facility (AMF2) will be deployed aboard the Horizon Lines cargo container ship merchant vessel (M/V) Spirit for MAGIC, the Marine ARM GPCI1 Investigation of Clouds. The Spirit will traverse the route between Los Angeles, California, and Honolulu, Hawaii, from October 2012 through September 2013 (except for a few months in the middle of this time period when the ship will be in dry dock). During this field campaign, AMF2 will observe and characterize the properties of clouds and precipitation, aerosols, and atmospheric radiation; standard meteorological and oceanographic variables; and atmospheric structure. There will also be two intensive observational periods (IOPs), one in January 2013 and one in July 2013, during which more detailed measurements of the atmospheric structure will be made.

Lewis, ER; Wiscombe, WJ; Albrecht, BA; Bland, GL; Flagg, CN; Klein, SA; Kollias, P; Mace, G; Reynolds, RM; Schwartz, SE; Siebesma, AP; Teixeira, J; Wood, R; Zhang, M

2012-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

254

POLAR Investigation of the Sun - POLARIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The POLAR Investigation of the Sun (POLARIS) mission uses a combination of a gravity assist and solar sail propulsion to place a spacecraft in a 0.48 AU circular orbit around the Sun with an inclination of 75 degrees with respect to solar equator. This challenging orbit is made possible by the challenging development of solar sail propulsion. This first extended view of the high-latitude regions of the Sun will enable crucial observations not possible from the ecliptic viewpoint or from Solar Orbiter. While Solar Orbiter would give the first glimpse of the high latitude magnetic field and flows to probe the solar dynamo, it does not have sufficient viewing of the polar regions to achieve POLARIS' primary objective : determining the relation between the magnetism and dynamics of the Sun's polar regions and the solar cycle.

T. Appourchaux; P. Liewer; M. Watt; D. Alexander; V. Andretta; F. Auchere; P. D'Arrigo; J. Ayon; T. Corbard; S. Fineschi; W. Finsterle; L. Floyd; G. Garbe; L. Gizon; D. Hassler; L. Harra; A. Kosovichev; J. Leibacher; M. Leipold; N. Murphy; M. Maksimovic; V. Martinez-Pillet; B. S. A. Matthews; R. Mewaldt; D. Moses; J. Newmark; S. Regnier; W. Schmutz; D. Socker; D. Spadaro; M. Stuttard; C. Trosseille; R. Ulrich; M. Velli; A. Vourlidas; C. R. Wimmer-Schweingruber; T. Zurbuchen

2008-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

255

Weapons test seismic investigations at Yucca Mountain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Yucca Mountain, located on and adjacent to the Nevada Test Site, is being characterized as part of an ongoing effort to identify a potential high-level nuclear waste repository. This site will be subjected to seismic ground motions induced by underground nuclear explosions. A knowledge of expected ground motion levels from these tests will enable the designers to provide for the necessary structural support in the designs of the various components of the repository. The primary objective of the Weapons Test Seismic Investigation project is to develop a method to predict the ground motions expected at the repository site as a result of future weapons tests. This paper summarizes the data base presently assembled for the Yucca Mountain Project, characteristics of expected ground motions, and characterization of the two-dimensional seismic properties along paths between Yucca Mountain and the testing areas of the Nevada Test Site.

Phillips, J.S.; Shephard, L.E.; Walck, M.C.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

An investigation into Facebook friend grouping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. With increasingly large friend networks, Facebook users may be losing sight of exactly with whom they are sharing content they post to Facebook. When Facebook released a new privacy interface in summer 2010 they simplified privacy controls; however, group-based permissions remain at the core of fine-grained privacy control. In order to use these fine-grained controls, users must be able to accurately and usefully specify friend groups. In a series of 46 semi-structured interviews, we investigated how participants group their online friends using four different grouping methods. Our results show that these different mechanisms alter the strategies and groups that users create, that groups created a priori need further refinement before they can adequately address privacy decisions, and that users are adapting their online behavior to avoid the need to specify groups in the current Facebook interface. We conclude with several recommendations that would allow users improved group-based access control.

Patrick Gage Kelley; Robin Brewer; Yael Mayer; Lorrie Faith Cranor; Norman Sadeh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

TMI-2 Vessel Investigation Project integration report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2) Vessel Investigation Project (VIP) was an international effort that was sponsored by the Nuclear Energy Agency of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. The primary objectives of the VIP were to extract and examine samples from the lower head and to evaluate the potential modes of failure and the margin of structural integrity that remained in the TMI-2 reactor vessel during the accident. This report presents a summary of the major findings and conclusions that were developed from research during the VIP. Results from the various elements of the project are integrated to form a cohesive understanding of the vessel`s condition after the accident.

Wolf, J. R.; Rempe, J. L.; Stickler, L. A.; Korth, G. E.; Diercks, D. R.; Neimark, L. A.; Akers, D W; Schuetz, B. K.; Shearer, T L; Chavez, S. A.; Thinnes, G. L.; Witt, R. J.; Corradini, M L; Kos, J. A. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Investigations into coal coprocessing and coal liquefaction  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The conversion of coal to liquid suitable as feedstock to a petroleum refinery is dependent upon several process variables. These variables include temperature, pressure, coal rank, catalyst type, nature of the feed to the reactor, type of process, etc. Western Research Institute (WRI) has initiated a research program in the area of coal liquefaction to address the impact of some of these variables upon the yield and quality of the coal-derived liquid. The principal goal of this research is to improve the efficiency of the coal liquefaction process. Two different approaches are currently being investigated. These include the coprocessing of a heavy liquid, such as crude oil, and coal using a dispersed catalyst and the direct liquefaction of coal using a supported catalyst. Another important consideration in coal liquefaction is the utilization of hydrogen, including both externally- and internally-supplied hydrogen. Because the incorporation of externally-supplied hydrogen during conversion of this very aromatic fossil fuel to, for example, transportation fuels is very expensive, improved utilization of internally-supplied hydrogen can lead to reducing processing costs. The objectives of this investigation, which is Task 3.3.4, Coal Coprocessing, of the 1991--1992 Annual Research Plan, are: (1) to evaluate coal/oil pretreatment conditions that are expected to improve the liquid yield through more efficient dispersion of an oil-soluble, iron-based catalyst, (2) to characterize the coke deposits on novel, supported catalysts after coal liquefaction experiments and to correlate the carbon skeletal structure parameters of the coke deposit with catalyst performance as measured by coal liquefaction product yield, and (3) to determine the modes of hydrogen utilization during coal liquefaction and coprocessing. Experimental results are discussed in this report.

Guffey, F.D.; Netzel, D.A.; Miknis, F.P.; Thomas, K.P. [Western Research Inst., Laramie, WY (United States); Zhang, Tiejun; Haynes, H.W. Jr. [Wyoming Univ., Laramie, WY (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Vehicle Transient Air Conditioning Analysis: Model Development& System Optimization Investigations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has developed a transient air conditioning (A/C) system model using SINDA/FLUINT analysis software. It captures all the relevant physics of transient A/C system performance, including two-phase flow effects in the evaporator and condenser, system mass effects, air side heat transfer on the condenser/evaporator, vehicle speed effects, temperature-dependent properties, and integration with a simplified cabin thermal model. It has demonstrated robust and powerful system design optimization capabilities. Single-variable and multiple variable design optimizations have been performed and are presented. Various system performance parameters can be optimized, including system COP, cabin cool-down time, and system heat load capacity. This work presents this new transient A/C system analysis and optimization tool and shows some high-level system design conclusions reached to date. The work focuses on R-134a A/C systems, but future efforts will modify the model to investigate the transient performance of alternative refrigerant systems such as carbon dioxide systems. NREL is integrating its transient air conditioning model into NRELs ADVISOR vehicle system analysis software, with the objective of simultaneously optimizing A/C system designs within the overall vehicle design optimization.

Hendricks, T. J.

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Wind-electric ice making investigation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The village power group at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has been researching the most practical and cost-effective means for producing ice from off-grid wind-electric power systems since 1993. The first phase of the project demonstrated that commercial vapor-compression ice makers could operate effectively when powered by a variable speed permanent magnet wind generator. In the second phase of the project, steady-state and dynamic numerical models of these systems were developed and experimentally validated. The third phase of the project was thorough steady-state and dynamic testing of a commercial 1.1 ton ice maker unit powered by a commercial 12 kW wind turbine alternator on an NREL dynamometer test stand. With the data from phases 1--3 an economic feasibility analysis was performed. It is hoped that continued development, and eventually commercialization, of this concept will take place in the private sector in the form of small business partnerships.

Holz, R.; Drouilhet, S.; Gevorgian, V.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

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261

Welcome to Early Science Program Investigators Meeting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Early Science Program Early Science Program Investigators Meeting Timothy J . W illiams Argonne L eadership C ompu2ng F acility 2 At Argonne, Safety is First! § In c ase o f a n e mergency o r i njury, d ial 9 11 f rom t he building p hones, o r d ial 6 30---252---1911 f rom c ell p hones. § Fire: A lways b e a ware o f t he n earest e xit. - If t he b uilding a larms s ound, e vacuate t he b uilding a nd p roceed t o the r eloca9on a rea ( building 2 13). - If a s ite---wide a larm s ounds, f ollow t he d irec9ons i ssued o ver t he public a nnouncement s ystem. § Tornado: I n t he e vent o f a t ornado, a t one a nd announcement will come from the public announcement s ystem. S eek s helter i mmediately i n t he nearest s tairwell. § Smoking i n n ot p ermiLed i n b uilding 2 40. S moking i s permiLed o nly i n t he d esignated

262

Salmon Site Remedial Investigation Report - Volume I  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

494-VOL I/REV 1 494-VOL I/REV 1 U.S. Department of Energy Nevada Operations Office E nv i r onm ent al R es t or at i on D i v i s i on N ev ada E nv i r onm ent al R es t or at i on Pr oj ect S al m on S i t e R em edi al Inv es t i gat i on R epor t Vol u m e I R ev i s i on N o. : 1 S ept em ber 1999 Approved for public release; further dissemination unlimited. This page intentionally left blank DOE/NV--494-VOL I/REV 1 SALMON SITE REMEDIAL INVESTIGATION REPORT DOE Nevada Operations Office Las Vegas, Nevada Revision No.: 1 September 1999 Approved for public release; further dissemination unlimited. Available to the public from - U.S. Department of Commerce National Technical Information Service 5285 Port Royal Road Springfield, VA 22161 (703) 487-4650 Available electronically at http://www.doe.gov/bridge. Available to U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors in paper from -

263

Investigating isomorphs with the topological cluster classification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Isomorphs are lines in the density-temperature plane of certain "strongly-correlating" or "Roskilde simple" liquids where two-point structure and dynamics have been shown to be close to identical up to a scale transformation. Here we consider such a liquid, a Lennard-Jones glassformer, and investigate the behavior along isomorphs of higher-order structural and dynamical correlations. We then consider an inverse power law reference system mapped to the Lennard-Jones system [Pedersen et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 157801 (2010)]. Using the topological cluster classification to identify higher-order structures, in both systems we find bicapped square anti-prisms, which are known to be a locally favored structure in the Lennard-Jones glassformer. The population of these locally favored structures is up to 80% higher in the Lennard-Jones system than the equivalent inverse power law system. The structural relaxation time of the two systems, on the other hand, is almost identical, and the four-point dynamical susceptibility is marginally higher in the inverse power law system. Upon cooling the lifetime of the locally favored structures in the Lennard-Jones system are up to 40% higher relative to the reference system.

Alex Malins; Jens Eggers; C. Patrick Royall

2013-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

264

Hazardous waste site investigations: Towards better decisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Life Sciences Symposia series is conducted under the Associate Director for Environmental, Life, and Social Sciences. This series began in 1978 and it provides a forum to discuss subjects of interest to the US Department of Energy, the scientific community, and the public. The Tenth ORNL Life Sciences Symposium focused on key aspects of measurements made at hazardous waste sites and their impact on the decision-making process. In particular, the symposium was concerned with how field measurements could be improved to provide greater quality and quantity of data at less cost and in less time. Presentations and papers presented in this publication provide a critical review of the current status in their respective areas of interest. An effort has been made to identify existing deficiencies, future directions, and needed research. Experts were brought together to present data on the state-of-the-art hazardous waste site investigations in four major areas: Individual projects are processed separately for the databases.

Gammage, R.B.; Berven, B.A. [eds.] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

265

Investigating Dark Energy with Black Hole Binaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The accelerated expansion of the universe is ascribed to the existence of dark energy. Black holes accretion of dark energy induces a mass change proportional to the energy density and pressure of the background dark energy fluid. The time scale during which the mass of black holes changes considerably is too long relative to the age of the universe, thus beyond detection possibilities. We propose to take advantage of the modified black hole masses for exploring the equation of state $w[z]$ of dark energy, by investigating the evolution of supermassive black hole binaries on a dark energy background. Deriving the signatures of dark energy accretion on the evolution of binaries, we find that dark energy imprints on the emitted gravitational radiation and on the changes in the orbital radius of the binary can be within detection limits for certain supermassive black hole binaries. In this talk I describe how binaries can provide a useful tool in obtaining complementary information on the nature of dark energy, based on the work done with A.Kelleher.

Laura Mersini-Houghton; Adam Kelleher

2009-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

266

Emulating a million machines to investigate botnets.  

SciTech Connect

Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories in Livermore, California are creating what is in effect a vast digital petridish able to hold one million operating systems at once in an effort to study the behavior of rogue programs known as botnets. Botnets are used extensively by malicious computer hackers to steal computing power fron Internet-connected computers. The hackers harness the stolen resources into a scattered but powerful computer that can be used to send spam, execute phishing, scams or steal digital information. These remote-controlled 'distributed computers' are difficult to observe and track. Botnets may take over parts of tens of thousands or in some cases even millions of computers, making them among the world's most powerful computers for some applications.

Rudish, Donald W.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Chemical ecology investigations at the Geysers, California  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A chemical aquatic ecology program currently in progress at the Geysers geothermal field in Northern California is described. The ultimate objective of the program is to assess the long-term ecosystem effects of development-related effluents to the aquatic environment. The first phase was designed to: (1) identify partitioning and transport in water and sediment of a wide range of elemental constituents, and (2) to determine the degree of impact of geothermal development in an area where a natural background of thermal tributaries and abandoned mercury mine tailings exist. Selected constituents such as ammonia, boron, sulfate and potassium are shown to be enriched in both natural geothermal waters and in cooling tower waters and emissions. Analyses implicate geothermal units as significant contributors of aquatic input. The most probable transport process is cooling tower drift.

Ireland, R.R.; Carter, J.L.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

An experimental investigation into oil mist lubrication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil mist lubrication offers many advantages over sump lubrication. Unfortunately, mist lubrication generates sub-micrometer sized aerosol particles (fines) that escape from the oil mist lubrication system. These particles are an environmental hazard. There can be a two-pronged approach to the present problem. The first method is to develop a suitable blend that reduces the number of 'fine' particles. Experiments are designed to identify the effect of the additives and the temperature of the lube oil in the generator. The best performing lube oil formulations are identified based on performance at different bearing speeds and the temperature of the lube oil in the generator. The second approach is based on the design of a better bearing casing to maximize collection efficiency. An attempt is made to study collection efficiency using dimensional analysis. The non-dimensional numbers are identified and their validity is analyzed. Alternatively, a boundary value problem based on continuum mechanics is partially formulated for future study.

Kannan, Krishna

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Numerical investigation of recirculation in the UTSI MHD combustor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Numerical studies were carried out to investigate the gross structure of flow in cylindrical combustors. The combustor configurations studied are variations of a working design used at the University of Tennessee Space Institute to burn pulverized coal at temperatures in excess of 3000K for generation of a plasma feeding a magnetohydrodynamic channel. The numerical studies were conducted for an isothermal fluid; the main objective of the calculations was to study the effect of the oxidant injection pattern on the gross structure of recirculating flows within the combustor. The calculations illustrate the basic features of the flow in combustors of this type and suggest implications for the injection of coal and oxidizer in this type of combustor.

Schulz, R.J.; Lee, J.J.; Giel, T.V. Jr.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

A DFT investigation of methanolysis and hydrolysis of triacetin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thermodynamic and kinetic aspects of the methanolysis and hydrolysis reactions of glycerol triacetate or triacetin, a model triacylglycerol compound, were investigated by using Density Functional Theory (DFT) at the B3LYP/6-31++G(d,p) level of calculation. Twelve elementary steps of triacetin methanolysis were studied under acid-catalyzed and base-catalyzed conditions. The mechanism of acid-catalyzed methanolysis reaction which has not been reported yet for any esters was proposed. The effects of substitution, methanolysis/hydrolysis position, solvent and face of nucleophilic attack on the free energy of reaction and activation energy were examined. The prediction confirmed the facile position at the middle position of glycerol observed by NMR techniques. The calculated activation energy and the trends of those factors agree with existing experimental observations in biodiesel production.

Limpanuparb, Taweetham; Tantirungrotechai, Yuthana; 10.1016/j.theochem.2010.05.022

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Investigation of the heat pipe arrays for convective electronic cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A combined experimental and analytical investigation was conducted to evaluate a heat pipe convective cooling device consisting of sixteen small copper/water heat pipes mounted vertically in a 4x4 array 25.4 mm square. The analytical portion of the investigation focused on determination of the maximum heat transport capacity and the resistance of the individual heat pipes. The resistance of each beat pipe was found to be 2.51 K/Watt, or more than 3 times smaller than the resistance produced by a solid copper rod with the same dimensions. The maximum predicted heat rejection for the module was over 50 Watts, or a power density in excess of 7.75 Watts/CM2. In the experimental portion of the investigation, two different modules were tested. The first module utilized ten circular aluminum fins mounted on the condenser end of each heat pipe to enhance heat rejection, while the second contained only the sixteen copper/water heat pipes. The effects of flow velocity, input power, and base plate temperature on the overall thermal resistance and the heat rejection capacity were determined, as well as the pressure drop resulting from each module. The finned heat pipe array was found to have a lower overall thermal resistance and thus, a higher heat rejection capacity, but also resulted in a significantly larger pressure drop than the array without fins. The results of the heat pipe array experiments were also compared with experimental and empirical results obtained from flow over a flat plate 25.4 mm square.

Howard, Alicia Ann Harris

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Investigation of breached depleted UF sub 6 cylinders  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In June 1990, during a three-site inspection of cylinders being used for long-term storage of solid depleted UF{sub 6}, two 14-ton cylinders at Portsmouth, Ohio, were discovered with holes in the barrel section of the cylinders. An investigation team was immediately formed to determine the cause of the failures and their impact on future storage procedures and to recommend corrective actions. Subsequent investigation showed that the failures most probably resulted from mechanical damage that occurred at the time that the cylinders had been placed in the storage yard. In both cylinders evidence pointed to the impact of a lifting lug of an adjacent cylinder near the front stiffening ring, where deflection of cylinder could occur only by tearing the cylinder. The impacts appear to have punctured the cylinders and thereby set up corrosion processes that greatly extended the openings in the wall and obliterated the original crack. Fortunately, the reaction products formed by this process were relatively protective and prevented any large-scale loss of uranium. The main factors that precipitated the failures were inadequate spacing between cylinders and deviations in the orientations of lifting lugs from their intended horizontal position. After reviewing the causes and effects of the failures, the team's principal recommendation for remedial action concerned improved cylinder handling and inspection procedures. Design modifications and supplementary mechanical tests were also recommended to improve the cylinder containment integrity during the stacking operation. 4 refs., 2 figs.

DeVan, J.H.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Before House Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations - Committee...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

House Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations - Committee on Energy and Commerce Before House Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations - Committee on Energy and Commerce...

274

House Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Energy and Commerce House Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Energy and Commerce April 20, 2007 -...

275

Before The Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations - House...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations - House Committee on Energy and Commerce Before The Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations - House Committee on Energy and...

276

Before the House Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oversight and Investigations Before the House Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations Testimony of Jonathan Silver, Executive Director Loan Programs Office, U.S. Department of...

277

Before the House Science and Technology Subcommittee on Investigations...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

on Investigations and Oversight Before the House Science and Technology Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight Before the House Science and Technology Subcommittee on...

278

Before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations - House...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oversight and Investigations - House Committee on Energy and Commerce Before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations - House Committee on Energy and Commerce Testimony of...

279

Testimony Before the House Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

House Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations - Committee on Energy and Commerce Testimony Before the House Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations - Committee on Energy...

280

Web Based Course: SAF-230DE, Accident Investigation Overview...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Web Based Course: SAF-230DE, Accident Investigation Overview Promotional Video Web Based Course: SAF-230DE, Accident Investigation Overview Promotional Video September 20, 2013 -...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "investigate non-targeted effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Investigations of silica alcogel aging using coherent light  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investigations of silica alcogel aging using coherent light Title Investigations of silica alcogel aging using coherent light Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication...

282

Low Dose Investigator one of Canada's Top 40  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low Dose Investigator one of Canada's Top 40 Olga Kovalchuk Congratulations to Low Dose Radiation Research Program investigator Olga Kovalchuk on being named one of "Canada's Top...

283

Geology and Groundwater Investigation Many Devils Wash, Shiprock...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Geology and Groundwater Investigation Many Devils Wash, Shiprock Site, New Mexico Geology and Groundwater Investigation Many Devils Wash, Shiprock Site, New Mexico Geology and...

284

Investigation of Neptunium Precipitator Cleanout Options  

SciTech Connect

Oxalate precipitation followed by filtration is used to prepare plutonium oxalate. Historically, plutonium oxalate has tended to accumulate in the precipitation tanks. These solids are periodically removed by flushing with concentrated (64 percent) nitric acid. The same precipitation tanks will now be used in the processing of neptunium. Literature values indicate that neptunium oxalate may not be as soluble as plutonium oxalate in nitric acid. Although a wide variety of options is available to improve neptunium oxalate solubility for precipitator flushing, most of these options are not practical for use. Many of these options require the use of incompatible or difficult to handle chemicals. Other options would require expensive equipment modifications or are likely to lead to product contamination. Based on review of literature and experimental results, the two best options for flushing the precipitator are (1) 64 percent nitric acid and (2) addition of sodium permanganate follow ed by sodium nitrite. Nitric acid is the easiest option to implement. It is already used in the facility and will not lead to product contamination. Experimental results indicate that neptunium oxalate can be dissolved in concentrated nitric acid (64 percent) at 60 degree C to a concentration of 2.6 to 5.6 grams of Np/liter after at least three hours of heating. A lower concentration (1.1 grams of Np/liter) was measured at 60 degree C after less than two hours of heating. These concentrations are acceptable for flushing if precipitator holdup is low (approximately 100-250 grams), but a second method is required for effective flushing if precipitator holdup is high (approximately 2 kilograms). The most effective method for obtaining higher neptunium concentrations is the use of sodium permanganate followed by the addition of sodium nitrite. There is concern that residual manganese from these flushes could impact product purity. Gas generation during permanganate addition is also a concern. Experimental results indicate that a solubility of at least 40 grams of Np/liter can be obtained using permanganate at ambient temperature, although it is expected that even higher neptunium concentrations can be achieved.

Hill, B.C.

2003-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

285

PRISE: petroleum resource investigation summary and evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As conventional resources are depleted, unconventional gas (UG: gas from tight sands, coal beds, and shale) resources are becoming increasingly important to U.S and world energy supply. The volume of UG resources is generally unknown in most international basins. However, in 25 mature U.S. basins, UG resources have been produced for decades and are well characterized in the petroleum literature. The objective of this work was to develop a method for estimating recoverable UG resources in target, or exploratory, basins. The method was based on quantitative relations between known conventional and unconventional hydrocarbon resource types in mature U.S. basins. To develop the methodology to estimate resource volumes, we used data from the U.S. Geological Survey, Potential Gas Committee, Energy Information Administration, National Petroleum Council, and Gas Technology Institute to evaluate relations among hydrocarbon resource types in the Appalachian, Black Warrior, Greater Green River, Illinois, San Juan, Uinta-Piceance, and Wind River basins. We chose these seven basins because they are mature basins for both conventional and unconventional oil and gas production. We assumed that a seven basin study would be sufficient for preliminary gas resource analysis and assessment of the new methodology. We developed a methodology we call PRISE, which uses software that investigates relationships among data published for both conventional and unconventional resources in the seven mature U.S. basins. PRISE was used to predict recoverable UG resources for target basins, on the basis of their known conventional resources. Input data for PRISE were cumulative production, proved reserves, growth, and undiscovered resources. We used published data to compare cumulative technically recoverable resources for each basin. For the seven basins studied, we found that 10% of the recoverable hydrocarbon resources are conventional oil and gas, and 90% are from unconventional resources. PRISE may be used to estimate the volume of hydrocarbon resources in any basin worldwide and, hopefully, assist early economic and development planning. PRISE methodology for estimating UG resources should be further tested in diverse sedimentary basin types.

Old, Sara

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Carbon dioxide and climate: the greenhouse effect. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Natural Resources, Agriculture Research and Environment and the Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight of the Committee on Science and Technology, US House of Representatives, Ninety-Seventh Congress, Second Session, March 25, 1982  

SciTech Connect

Dr. Melvin Calvin of the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratories, James Hansen of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, George Kukla of the Lamon-Doherty Geological Observatory, and James Kane and Frederick Koomanoff of DOE testified at a one-day hearing on the environmental impacts from the buildup of atmospheric carbon dioxide. The testimony focused on the greenhouse effect and its potential for disrupting the world environment. Witnesses presented data which underscore the need for continued research, but which the Reagan administration has reduced in its budget cuts. (DCK)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Investigations of Biomass Pretreatment and Submerged Fixed-bed Fermentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To improve the MixAlco process and biomass pretreatment, five studies were conducted. Three studies related to fermentation, whereas the other two investigated the effectiveness of shock tube pretreatment (STP) coupled with oxidative lime pretreatment (OLP). In the first study, the constant-selectivity assumption used in the continuum particle distribution model (CPDM) was determined to be invalid. During a 32-day batch fermentation, selectivity increased from 0.10 to 0.40 g acid/g non-acid volatile solid (NAVS) digested. Future revisions to CPDM should incorporate a non-constant selectivity term. In the second study, a revised procedure was developed to provide a more accurate determination of moisture content. Conventional drying at 105 degrees C allowed product acids to vaporize with water, which introduced errors. Using the revised procedure, calcium hydroxide or sodium hydroxide was added to samples at a concentration of 0.01 g base/g sample, which retained acids in the sample. The mass of additional retained material closely matched that of the additional retained acid. Three related studies involving biomass pretreatment were performed. In the first, recommended parameters for pretreating sugarcane bagasse with OLP and STP were determined. Recommended OLP parameters were 130 degrees C, 6.9-bar O2, and 2-h duration. The effects of solids concentration, liquid fill volume, particle size, type of shotgun shell, number of shocks, and pretreatment order were investigated. Liquid fill volume, particle size, type of shotgun shell, and pretreatment order were significant variables, whereas solids concentration and number of shocks were not. Recommended OLP parameters were used as a basis for an additional experiment. To simulate industrial-scale pile fermentation, fixed-bed batch fermentation of OLP + STP sugarcane bagasse was performed in 1-L PVC fermentors. Rubber mulch was used as a structural support material to prevent filter plugging, which had been reported in previous work. After 42 d, acid concentration reached 8 g/L with yield approximately 0.1 g acid/g NAVS fed. Poor fermentation performance was caused by short solid-liquid contact time and poor pH control. A third biomass pretreatment experiment investigated the potential of pretreated corn stover as a potential ruminant feed. Five samples (raw, OLP, STP, OLP + STP, and STP + OLP) were analyzed for composition and in vitro digestibility. STP followed by OLP increased neutral detergent fiber (NDF) digestibility from 49.3 to 79.0 g NDF digested/100 g NDF fed. On an organic matter basis, STP + OLP corn stover plus water-soluble extractives had a total digestible nutrients (TDN) of 74.9, nearly reaching corn grain at 88.1.

Meysing, Daniel

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Investigating a model of optimised AGN feedback  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feedback heating from AGN in massive galaxies and galaxy clusters can be thought of as a naturally occurring control system which plays a significant role in regulating both star formation rates and the X-ray luminosity of the surrounding hot gas. In the simplest case, negative feedback can be viewed as a system response that is `optimised' to minimise deviations from equilibrium, such that the system rapidly evolves towards a steady state. However, a general solution of this form appears to be incompatible with radio observations which indicate intermittent AGN outbursts. Here, we explore an energetically favourable scenario in which feedback is required to both balance X-ray gas cooling, and minimise the sum of the energy radiated by the gas and the energy injected by the AGN. This specification is equivalent to ensuring that AGN heating balances the X-ray gas cooling with minimum black hole growth. It is shown that minimum energy heating occurs in discrete events, and not at a continuous, constant level. Furthermore, systems with stronger feedback experience proportionally more powerful heating events, but correspondingly smaller duty cycles. Interpreting observations from this perspective would imply that stronger feedback occurs in less massive objects - elliptical galaxies, rather than galaxy clusters. One direct consequence of this effect would be that AGN heating events are sufficiently powerful to expel hot gas from the gravitational potential of a galaxy, but not a galaxy cluster, which is consistent with theoretical explanations for the steepening of the L_X-T relation at temperatures below 1-2 keV.

Edward C. D. Pope

2011-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

289

Experimental Investigation of Natural Convection in Trombe Wall Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, experiments with a passive solar building with Trombe wall in the north cold climate are carried out and discussed, and the natural convection heat transfer process has been investigated. The relativity of the factors affecting indoor air temperature is analyzed with the stepwise regression method. The results indicate that thermo-circulation induced by the stack effect is the dominant factor. The natural convection in the channel is fairly complex; it changes from the laminar flow to the turbulent flow and the turbulent flow covers at least half the height of massive wall during the normal circulation. The flow in the channel is considered as natural convection between vertical plates. Analyzing the natural convection heat transfer process with the Rayleigh number and the mean Nusselt number, the thermo-circulation can be divided into three periods in the daytime: coast up, maintenance and weaken. During the maintenance period, the changes of the solar radiation intensity and surface temperatures have little effect on Nu number.

Chen, B.; Zhao, J.; Chen, C.; Zhuang, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Feasibility investigation of the giromill for generation of electrical power  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The cyclogiro computer program, obtained from Prof. H. C. Larsen of the United States Air Force Institute of Technology, was modified to incorporate computation of blade loads for the normal operating and gust loading conditions. The program was also changed to allow computation of the effects of smoothing the blade rock angles in the region where they experienced large oscillations due to passing through a vortex shed by the previous blade. Using this program the various effects of rotor geometric parameters were investigated. Giromill configuration design concepts were explored. A baseline concept was adopted having an upper structural triangular tower extending through the lower support tower and supported by two main rotor bearings. Twenty-one different Giromill systems covering a power range of 120, 500 and 1500 kW were then synthesized. These were structurally analyzed and sized. An automatic electronic control concept built around existing equipment and employing state of the art techniques was developed. Preliminary cost estimates for generating electrical power from the Giromill systems were completed. Cost estimating relationships of the major items of equipment were formulated. 10 references. (auth)

Brulle, R.V.

1975-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Investigations into High Temperature Components and Packaging  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to document the work that was performed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in support of the development of high temperature power electronics and components with monies remaining from the Semikron High Temperature Inverter Project managed by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). High temperature electronic components are needed to allow inverters to operate in more extreme operating conditions as required in advanced traction drive applications. The trend to try to eliminate secondary cooling loops and utilize the internal combustion (IC) cooling system, which operates with approximately 105 C water/ethylene glycol coolant at the output of the radiator, is necessary to further reduce vehicle costs and weight. The activity documented in this report includes development and testing of high temperature components, activities in support of high temperature testing, an assessment of several component packaging methods, and how elevated operating temperatures would impact their reliability. This report is organized with testing of new high temperature capacitors in Section 2 and testing of new 150 C junction temperature trench insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBTs) in Section 3. Section 4 addresses some operational OPAL-GT information, which was necessary for developing module level tests. Section 5 summarizes calibration of equipment needed for the high temperature testing. Section 6 details some additional work that was funded on silicon carbide (SiC) device testing for high temperature use, and Section 7 is the complete text of a report funded from this effort summarizing packaging methods and their reliability issues for use in high temperature power electronics. Components were tested to evaluate the performance characteristics of the component at different operating temperatures. The temperature of the component is determined by the ambient temperature (i.e., temperature surrounding the device) plus the temperature increase inside the device due the internal heat that is generated due to conduction and switching losses. Capacitors and high current switches that are reliable and meet performance specifications over an increased temperature range are necessary to realize electronics needed for hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs), fuel cell (FC) and plug-in HEVs (PHEVs). In addition to individual component level testing, it is necessary to evaluate and perform long term module level testing to ascertain the effects of high temperature operation on power electronics.

Marlino, L.D.; Seiber, L.E.; Scudiere, M.B.; M.S. Chinthavali, M.S.; McCluskey, F.P.

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

292

Investigation of modified speciation for enhanced control of mercury  

SciTech Connect

The control of hazardous air pollutant (HAP) emissions was addressed in Title III of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, which provided an initial list of 189 elements and compounds of concern. The combustion of coal has the potential to produce a number of those species, either directly as a result of the trace elements found in coal, or as products of chemical reactions occurring in combustion. However, field studies conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), and others have shown that the actual emissions are very low and that effective particulate-matter capture can control most of the inorganic species. The most significant exception is mercury, which has also been singled out for particular regulatory attention because of its behavior in the environment (bioaccumulation) and the potential for deleterious health effects. In anticipation of possible regulations regarding mercury emissions, research efforts sponsored by DOE, EPRI, and others are investigating the risks posed by mercury emissions, improved techniques for measuring those emissions, and possible control measures. The focus in the control research is on techniques that can be used in conjunction with existing flue-gas-cleanup (FGC) systems in order to minimize additional capital costs and operational complexity. The very small amount of mercury (on the order of a few micrograms per cubic meter) in flue gas, its occurrence in several chemical forms that vary from system to system, the very low solubility of the elemental form, and the fact that it is usually in the vapor phase combine to make the achievement of cost-effective control a challenging task.

Livengood, C.D.; Mendelsohn, M.H.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

SAF-230DE - Web Based Course: Accident Investigation Overview | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SAF-230DE - Web Based Course: Accident Investigation Overview SAF-230DE - Web Based Course: Accident Investigation Overview SAF-230DE - Web Based Course: Accident Investigation Overview September 18, 2013 - 10:52am Addthis SAF-230DE - Web Based Course: Accident Investigation Overview The Office of Health Safety and Security (HSS) National Training Center (NTC) in collaboration with the HSS Accident Investigation Program (HS-24) has developed and released a course that provides an overview of the fundamentals of accident investigation. This course is intended to meet the every five year refresher training requirement for DOE Federal Accident Investigators under DOE Order 225.1B "Accident Investigations", and serves as an orientation to other DOE Federal Accident Investigation Board Members who need a basic knowledge of

294

Investigation of residential central air conditioning load shapes in NEMS  

SciTech Connect

This memo explains what Berkeley Lab has learned about how the residential central air-conditioning (CAC) end use is represented in the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). NEMS is an energy model maintained by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) that is routinely used in analysis of energy efficiency standards for residential appliances. As part of analyzing utility and environmental impacts related to the federal rulemaking for residential CAC, lower-than-expected peak utility results prompted Berkeley Lab to investigate the input load shapes that characterize the peaky CAC end use and the submodule that treats load demand response. Investigations enabled a through understanding of the methodology by which hourly load profiles are input to the model and how the model is structured to respond to peak demand. Notably, it was discovered that NEMS was using an October-peaking load shape to represent residential space cooling, which suppressed peak effects to levels lower than expected. An apparent scaling down of the annual load within the load-demand submodule was found, another significant suppressor of the peak impacts. EIA promptly responded to Berkeley Lab's discoveries by updating numerous load shapes for the AEO2002 version of NEMS; EIA is still studying the scaling issue. As a result of this work, it was concluded that Berkeley Lab's customary end-use decrement approach was the most defensible way for Berkeley Lab to perform the recent CAC utility impact analysis. This approach was applied in conjunction with the updated AEO2002 load shapes to perform last year's published rulemaking analysis. Berkeley Lab experimented with several alternative approaches, including modifying the CAC efficiency level, but determined that these did not sufficiently improve the robustness of the method or results to warrant their implementation. Work in this area will continue in preparation for upcoming rulemakings for the other peak coincident end uses, commercial air conditioning and distribution transformers.

Hamachi LaCommare, Kristina; Marnay, Chris; Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Rosenquist, Greg; Osborn, Julie

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

DOE Closes Investigation of Arcelik's Blomberg Refrigerator | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Arcelik's Blomberg Refrigerator Arcelik's Blomberg Refrigerator DOE Closes Investigation of Arcelik's Blomberg Refrigerator September 1, 2010 - 4:37pm Addthis The Department of Energy has closed its investigation into the energy efficiency of Arcelik's Blomberg refrigerator-freezer model # BRFB1450. The Department opened this investigation based on a complaint. DOE subpoenaed information from Arcelik, reviewed Arcelik's response, and performed its own testing of this model. Based on our investigation and test results, DOE has determined this model to be compliant with federal energy conservation standards. Notice of Compliance Determination Addthis Related Articles DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations DOE Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator

296

DOE Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator DOE Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator July 8, 2010 - 3:12pm Addthis The Department of Energy has closed its investigation into the energy efficiency of Whirlpool's Maytag refrigerator-freezer model "MSD2578VE." The Department opened this investigation and requested testing data from Whirlpool based on a complaint (April 12, 2010, "DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations"). After reviewing the data and testing this model, the Department has found the model to be compliant with the applicable efficiency standards and has closed the investigation. The Department takes credible allegations seriously and will continue to initiate investigations on products that are

297

Experimental investigation of aerosol deposition on slot-and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Experimental investigation of aerosol deposition on slot-and joint-type leaks Title Experimental investigation of aerosol deposition on slot-and joint-type leaks Publication Type...

298

Investigation of particle isolation in Li-ion battery electrodes...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investigation of particle isolation in Li-ion battery electrodes using 7Li NMR spectroscopy Title Investigation of particle isolation in Li-ion battery electrodes using 7Li NMR...

299

An Investigation of Turbulence Generation Mechanisms above Deep Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An investigation of the generation of turbulence above deep convection is presented. This investigation is motivated by an encounter between a commercial passenger aircraft and severe turbulence above a developing thunderstorm near Dickinson, ...

Todd P. Lane; Robert D. Sharman; Terry L. Clark; Hsiao-Ming Hsu

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Accident Investigation and Materials Failure Analysis at the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Both are independent federal agencies charged with investigating transportation accidents in all modes, including aviation, railroad, highway, marine, pipeline, ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "investigate non-targeted effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Technical Root Cause Investigation of Localized Corrosion in Wet ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evaluating Design Elements in Corrosion Failure Investigations ... Experimental Technique to Conduct Thermal Shock Test on Refractories Using Steel Blocks.

302

An Examination of Failure Modes and Investigation Techniques in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accident Investigation and Materials Failure Analysis at the Transportation Safety ... Experimental Technique to Conduct Thermal Shock Test on Refractories ...

303

Investigation of Solutions to Reduce Fluoride Emissions from Anode ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2011 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Aluminum Reduction Technology. Presentation Title, Investigation of ...

304

Thermodynamic investigations and modeling of copper and iron ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experimentally determined thermochemical and thermodynamic data are key input data for the thermodynamic optimization. For the experimental investigations, ...

305

An Investigation of Wire Breaks Created during Copper Wire ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2010. Symposium, Failure Analysis and Prevention. Presentation Title, An Investigation of Wire ...

306

DOE O 225.1B, Accident Investigations  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This Order prescribes organizational responsibilities, authorities, and requirements for conducting investigations of certain accidents occurring at DOE sites, ...

2011-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

307

Investigation of Residential Central Air Conditioning Load Shapes in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-52235 Investigation of Residential Central Air Conditioning Load Shapes in NEMS Kristina Laboratory is an equal opportunity employer. #12;#12;LBNL-52235 Investigation of Residential Central Air;#12;Investigation of Residential Central Air Conditioning Load Shapes in NEMS i Table of Contents Acronyms

308

Investigation of a sulfur reduction technique for mild gasification char  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The object of this program is to investigate the desulfurization of mild gasification char using hydrogen/methane mixtures in a laboratory-scale experimental study. In the first year of the two- year program, char is being treated with mixtures of H{sub 2} and CH{sub 4} at temperatures of 1100{degrees}C to 1550{degrees}F and pressures of 50 to 100 psig. The effects of temperature, pressure, residence time, gas velocity, and gas composition on sulfur removal and carbon gasification are being determined. The batch experiments are being performed in a nominal 2-inch-ID stainless-steel, batch, fluidized-bed reactor. The char to be desulfurized was produced by the IGT mild gasification process research unit (PRU) in a recently completed DOE/METC-sponsored technology development program. The parent coal was Illinois No. 6 from a preparation plant, and the char from the selected test contains 4.58 wt% sulfur. In the first quarter, we have obtained and prepared a char for the desulfurization tests. Ultimate and proximate analyses were performed on this char, and its pore size distribution and surface area were determined. Also this quarter, the fluidized-bed reactor system was constructed and equipped with high pressure mass flow controllers and a high pressure sintered metal filter to remove fines from the effluent gas stream.

Knight, R.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Investigation of passive cooling for hot-humid climates. Progress report No. 3  

SciTech Connect

Work on getting the Brookhaven National Laboratories computer program for modeling ground coil performance operational is described. Arrangements made to sink two 40 ft vertical wells for soil temperature measurements are described. Methods for evaluating the effect of pipe diameter, length, spacing, and material were investigated. Calculation results are shown. (MHR)

Akridge, J M

1980-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

310

A Statistical Investigation of the Sensitivity of Ensemble-Based Kalman Filters to Covariance Filtering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the effects of spatial filtering on the ensemble-based estimate of the background error covariance matrix in an ensemble-based Kalman filter (EnKF). In particular, a novel kernel smoothing method with variable bandwidth is ...

Mikyoung Jun; Istvan Szunyogh; Marc G. Genton; Fuqing Zhang; Craig H. Bishop

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Investigation of Two-Layer Photodetectors for YSNR10 Improvement in Submicron Pixels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

kernel, or to expand the kernel by adding more white pixels - a RGBnW configuration [e.g., 14 of this work. D. Effect of White Pixels As discussed above, white pixels are sometimes added to RGB pixels cameras. This paper reports on the exploratory theoretical investigation of 2L photodetectors

Fossum, Eric R.

312

A Wind Tunnel Investigation on the Riming of Snowflakes. Part I: Porous Disks and Large Stellars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of porosity on the accretional growth characteristics of ice crystal aggregates (snowflakes) are investigated by riming circular disks of ice in a cloud tunnel. Twelve disk models were used, sized 5 to 6 mm and 10 to 11 mm in diameter,...

Jeffrey K. Lew; Derek C. Montague; Hans R. Pruppacher; Roy M. Rasmussen

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Hydrogen Composite Tank Program Principal Investigator: Dr. Neel Sirosh, Director of Fuel Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Composite Tank Program Principal Investigator: Dr. Neel Sirosh, Director of Fuel Storage-effective and efficient high-pressure hydrogen storage systems. World's premier automotive OEMs developing fuel cell vehicles have demonstrated significant interest in compressed hydrogen storage systems developed

314

Investigation of post-annealing indium tin oxide for future electro-optical device application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nanostructure transformation associated with electro-optical properties via post-annealing of indium tin oxide film (ITO) is investigated by increasing post-annealing temperature in ambient oxygen. Although oxygen vacancy and activation Sn ions contribute ... Keywords: Burstein-Moss effect, indium tin oxide film (ITO), oxygen vacancy, photoluminescence, post-annealing

Ching-Yuan Ho; Tse-Yi Tu; Chun-Chieh Wang; Yuan Kang

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Numerical Investigation of Interaction Between Hydraulic Fractures and Natural Fractures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydraulic fracturing of a naturally-fractured reservoir is a challenge for industry, as fractures can have complex growth patterns when propagating in systems of natural fractures in the reservoir. Fracture propagation near a natural fracture (NF) considering interaction between a hydraulic fracture (HF) and a pre-existing NF, has been investigated comprehensively using a two dimensional Displacement Discontinuity Method (DDM) Model in this thesis. The rock is first considered as an elastic impermeable medium (with no leakoff), and then the effects of pore pressure change as a result of leakoff of fracturing fluid are considered. A uniform pressure fluid model and a Newtonian fluid flow model are used to calculate the fluid flow, fluid pressure and width distribution along the fracture. Joint elements are implemented to describe different NF contact modes (stick, slip, and open mode). The structural criterion is used for predicting the direction and mode of fracture propagation. The numerical model was used to first examine the mechanical response of the NF to predict potential reactivation of the NF and the resultant probable location for fracture re-initiation. Results demonstrate that: 1) Before the HF reaches a NF, the possibility of fracture re-initiation across the NF and with an offset is enhanced when the NF has weaker interfaces; 2) During the stage of fluid infiltration along the NF, a maximum tensile stress peak can be generated at the end of the opening zone along the NF ahead of the fluid front; 3) Poroelastic effects, arising from fluid diffusion into the rock deformation can induce closure and compressive stress at the center of the NF ahead of the HF tip before HF arrival. Upon coalescence when fluid flows along the NF, the poroelastic effects tend to reduce the value of the HF aperture and this decreases the tension peak and the possibility of fracture re-initiation with time. Next, HF trajectories near a NF were examined prior to coalesce with the NF using different joint, rock and fluid properties. Our analysis shows that: 1) Hydraulic fracture trajectories near a NF may bend and deviate from the direction of the maximum horizontal stress when using a joint model that includes initial joint deformation; 2) Hydraulic fractures propagating with higher injection rate or fracturing fluid of higher viscosity propagate longer distance when turning to the direction of maximum horizontal stress; 3) Fracture trajectories are less dependent on injection rate or fluid viscosity when using a joint model that includes initial joint deformation; whereas, they are more dominated by injection rate and fluid viscosity when using a joint model that excludes initial joint deformation.

Xue, Wenxu

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Essays in Financial Econometric Investigations of Farmland Valuations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation consists of three essays wherein tools of financial econometrics are used to study the three aspects of farmland valuation puzzle: short-term boom-bust cycles, overpricing of farmland, and inconclusive effects of direct government payments. Essay I addresses the causes of unexplained short-term boom-bust cycles in farmland values in a dynamic land pricing model (DLPM). The analysis finds that gross return rate of farmland asset decreases as the farmland asset level increases, and that the diminishing return function of farmland asset contributes to the boom-bust cycles in farmland values. Furthermore, it is mathematically proved that land values are potentially unstable under diminishing return functions. We also find that intertemporal elasticity of substitution, risk aversion, and transaction costs are important determinants of farmland asset values. Essay II examines the apparent overpricing of farmland by decomposing the forecast error variance of farmland prices into forward looking and backward looking components. The analysis finds that in the short run, the forward looking Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) portion of the forecast errors are significantly higher in a boom or bust stage than in a stable stage. This shows that the farmland market absorbs economic information in a discriminative manner according to the stability of the market, and the market (and actors therein) responds to new information gradually as suggested by the theory. This helps to explain the overpricing of farmland, but this explanation works primarily in the short run. Finally, essay III investigates the duel effects of direct government payments and climate change on farmland values. This study uses a smooth coefficient semi-parametric panel data model. The analysis finds that land valuation is affected by climate change and government payments, both through discounted revenues and through effects on the risk aversion of land owners. This essay shows that including heterogeneous risk aversion is an efficient way to mitigate the impacts of misspecifications in a DLPM, and that precipitation is a good explanatory variable. In particular, precipitation affects land values in a bimodal manner, indicating that farmland prices could have multiple peaks in precipitation due to adaption through crop selection and technology alternation.

Xu, Jin

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

LM Conducts Groundwater and Soil Investigation at Riverton, Wyoming, in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Conducts Groundwater and Soil Investigation at Riverton, Conducts Groundwater and Soil Investigation at Riverton, Wyoming, in Response to 2010 Flood LM Conducts Groundwater and Soil Investigation at Riverton, Wyoming, in Response to 2010 Flood October 16, 2012 - 10:50am Addthis LM Conducts Groundwater and Soil Investigation at Riverton, Wyoming, in Response to 2010 Flood LM Conducts Groundwater and Soil Investigation at Riverton, Wyoming, in Response to 2010 Flood LM Conducts Groundwater and Soil Investigation at Riverton, Wyoming, in Response to 2010 Flood LM Conducts Groundwater and Soil Investigation at Riverton, Wyoming, in Response to 2010 Flood What does this project do? Goal 1. Protect human health and the environment A team representing two Federal agencies-U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management and U.S. Geological Survey-is evaluating

318

Investigation Report: I04RL003 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Investigation Report: I04RL003 Investigation Report: I04RL003 Investigation Report: I04RL003 June 1, 2004 Investigation of Allegations Involving Occupational Medical Services and Tank Farm Vapor Exposures at the Hanford Site On February 24, 2004, you requested that the Office of Inspector General (OIG) conduct an investigation of activities associated with the provision of occupational medical services to U.S. Department of Energy and contractor employees at the Hanford Site. In response to your request, OIG Special Agents initiated and investigation into specific events and incidents involving alleged criminal misconduct. Investigation Report: I04RL003 More Documents & Publications Gregory H. Friedman: Before the United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources Audit Report: OAS-L-04-14

319

George Gollin, Investigation of TESLA Damping Ring Kickers using the A0 Photoinjector Beam 1 Investigation of TESLA Damping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

George Gollin, Investigation of TESLA Damping Ring Kickers using the A0 Photoinjector Beam 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. .. . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . IPhysicsP Illinois Investigation of TESLA Damping Ring Kickers using the A0 Photoinjector Beam George, Investigation of TESLA Damping Ring Kickers using the A0 Photoinjector Beam 2

Gollin, George

320

Remedial investigation report for J-Field, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland. Volume 1: Remedial investigation results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of the remedial investigation (RI) conducted at J-Field in the Edgewood Area of Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG), a U.S. Army installation located in Harford County, Maryland. Since 1917, activities in the Edgewood Area have included the development, manufacture, and testing of chemical agents and munitions and the subsequent destruction of these materials at J-Field by open burning and open detonation. These activities have raised concerns about environmental contamination at J-Field. This RI was conducted by the Environmental Conservation and Restoration Division, Directorate of Safety, Health and Environmental Division of APG, pursuant to requirements outlined under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, as amended (CERCLA). The RI was accomplished according to the procedures developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA 1988). The RI provides a comprehensive evaluation of the site conditions, nature of contaminants present, extent of contamination, potential release mechanisms and migration pathways, affected populations, and risks to human health and the environment. This information will be used as the basis for the design and implementation of remedial actions to be performed during the remedial action phase, which will follow the feasibility study (FS) for J-Field.

Yuen, C. R.; Martino, L. E.; Biang, R. P.; Chang, Y. S.; Dolak, D.; Van Lonkhuyzen, R. A.; Patton, T. L.; Prasad, S.; Quinn, J.; Rosenblatt, D. H.; Vercellone, J.; Wang, Y. Y.

2000-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "investigate non-targeted effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Do Photovoltaic Energy Systems Effect Residential Selling Prices? Results from a California Statewide Investigation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DO PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY SYSTEMS AFFECT RESIDENTIAL SELLINGopportunity employer. DO PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY SYSTEMS AFFECThave sold with photovoltaic (PV) energy systems installed at

Hoen, Ben

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Negation in context : electrophysiological and behavioral investigations of negation effects in discourse processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

zéro. In Mélanges de linguistique offerts à Charles Bally (pp. 74-84). Prague: Cercle Linguistique de Prague. Jakobson,Travaux du Cercle Linguistique de Prague, Trubetzkoy, N. (

Staab, Jenny

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Dissolved Nutrient Retention Dynamics in River Networks: A Modeling Investigation of Transient Flow and Scale Effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we use a dynamic network flow model, coupled with a transient storage zone biogeochemical model, to simulate dissolved nutrient removal processes at the channel network scale. We have explored several scenarios in respect of the combination of rainfall variability, and the biological and geomorphic characteristics of the catchment, to understand the dominant controls on removal and delivery of dissolved nutrients (e.g., nitrate). These model-based theoretical analyses suggested that while nutrient removal efficiency is lower during flood events compared to during baseflow periods, flood events contribute significantly to bulk nutrient removal, whereas bulk removal during baseflow periods is less. This is due to the fact that nutrient supply is larger during flood events; this trend is even stronger in large rivers. However, the efficiency of removal during both periods decreases in larger rivers, however, due to (i) increasing flow velocities and thus decreasing residence time, and (ii) increasing flow depth, and thus decreasing nutrient uptake rates. Besides nutrient removal processes can be divided into two parts: in the main channel and in the hyporheic transient storage zone. When assessing their relative contributions the size of the transient storage zone is a dominant control, followed by uptake rates in the main channel and in the transient storage zone. Increasing size of the transient storage zone with downstream distance affects the relative contributions to nutrient removal of the water column and the transient storage zone, which also impacts the way nutrient removal rates scale with increasing size of rivers. Intra-annual hydrologic variability has a significant impact on removal rates at all scales: the more variable the streamflow is, compared to mean discharge, the less nutrient is removed in the channel network. A scale-independent first order uptake coefficient, ke, estimated from model simulations, is highly dependent on the relative size of the transient storage zone and how it changes in the downstream direction, as well as the nature of hydrologic variability.

Ye, Sheng; Covino, Timothy P.; Sivapalan, Murugesu; Basu, Nandita; Li, Hongyi; Wang, Shaowen

2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

324

Investigation of shear lag effect in high-rise buildings with diagrid system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the recent years, there have been many new skyscrapers built which soar into new heights. The most efficient building system for high-rises has been the framed tube system. However, the framed tube building suffers from ...

Leonard, Johan, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

MECHANISTIC INVESTIGATION OF RUBBER-BRASS ADHESION: EFFECT OF FORMULATION INGREDIENTS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??It is very customary to use adhesion-promoting resins in the belt compounds’ formulation to enhance the adhesion between rubber and brass-coated steel cords. Conventionally, two-component… (more)

PATIL, PANKAJ Y.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

A metabolomic investigation of the effects of vitamin E supplementation in humans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). Gelatine capsules containing 400 mg of natural (RRR) alpha- tocopheryl acetate (purity 98.9%) in vitamin E-stripped corn oil were purchased from Eurocaps Ltd. (Gwent, UK). Human study For this study 10 male subjects were recruited from within the University... in nutrition: a metabolomics case study. Br J Nutr 2007, 98:1–14. 28. Han X, Gross RW: Shotgun lipidomics: electrospray ionization mass spectrometric analysis and quantitation of cellular lipidomes directly from crude extracts of biological samples. Mass...

Wong, Max; Lodge, John K

2012-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

327

ELSEVIER Tectonophysics 295 (1998) 245257 Investigating the effect of mechanical discontinuities on joint spacing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on joint spacing Jason C. Ruf 1 , Kelly A. Rust, Terry Engelder * Department of Geosciences Abstract In rocks without systematic mechanical discontinuities (e.g., granite), joint spacing follows an approximately log-normal frequency distribution (i.e., the distribution has a kurtosis near zero). Joint spacing

Engelder, Terry

328

Do Photovoltaic Energy Systems Effect Residential Selling Prices? Results from a California Statewide Investigation.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An increasing number of homes in the U.S. have sold with photovoltaic (PV) energy systems installed at the time of sale, yet relatively little research exists that provides estimates of the marginal impacts of those PV systems on home sale prices. This research analyzes a large dataset of California homes that sold from 2000 through mid-2009 with PV installed. We find strong evidence that homes with PV systems sold for a premium over comparable homes without PV systems during this time frame. Estimates for this premium expressed in dollars per watt of installed PV range, from roughly $4 to $6.4/watt across the full dataset, to approximately $2.3/watt for new homes, to more than $6/watt for existing homes. A number of ideas for further research are suggested.

Hoen, Ben; Cappers, Pete; Wiser, Ryan; Thayer, Mark

2011-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

329

Empirical investigation of the effect of amenities and other factors on business location decisions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impacts that risk perceptions have on those deciding whether to locate a business activity in an area likely to host a nuclear waste facility have become an important consideration in analyses that deal with choosing a site for nuclear waste facilities. This report presents empirical evidence on the importance of environmental amenities and disamenities in business location decisions gathered from surveys and interviews of owners and managers of manufacturing and producer service establishments in Colorado and Utah. Results show that amenities are a much more important consideration for producer service establishments than for manufacturing establishments. Policies of host communities to offset the loss of business establishments that could result from risk perceptions associated with nuclear waste facilities should therefore take into account how sensitive the business activities that are present or likely to locate in the area are to environmental amenities.

Calzonetti, F.J. [West Virginia Univ., Morgantown, WV (United States); Allison, T. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Assessment and Information Sciences Div.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Investigation of Internal Cleaning Effects in Two-Phase Gas-Liquid Flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pressure waves in a gas-liquid medium with a stratifiedDynamics of Gas and Vapor-Liquid Media, Energoatomizdat,the pressure waves in a gas liquid medium with a stratified

Garg, Saurabh; Dornfeld, David; Klaus Berger

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF TEMPERATURE EFFECTS DURING THE INJECTION OF CARBON DIOXIDE INTO BRINE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

project (cf. Sec. 3). The CO2 is assumed to move away from the injection well in a radially sym- metric illustrating saturations. Also two observation wells 50 m and 100 m away from the injection point are shown. The temperatures at the first observation well (50 m distance from the injection point, right underneath

Cirpka, Olaf Arie

332

Negation in context : electrophysiological and behavioral investigations of negation effects in discourse processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1b. The first row shows averages and standard deviations (in1a. The first row shows averages and standard deviations (in1b. The first row shows averages and standard deviations (in

Staab, Jenny

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Investigation of the Effect of In-Situ Catalyst on the Steam Hydrogasification of Biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biopower - Logging - Anaerobic digestion - Heat - Wood,offensive odors. Anaerobic digestion is widely usedstabilization. Anaerobic digestion uses microorganisms to

FAN, XIN

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Investigation of EPS Characteristics and their Effects on Waste Activated Sludge Digestion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be accomplished through use of aerobic or anaerobic self digestion, but choice of digestion type in practice to predict aerobic and anaerobic digestion potential. Future Work: · The anaerobic reactors are still running sludge. It performs only slightly better than the unsonicated sludge in anaerobic digestion

Mountziaris, T. J.

335

Investigation of the Effect of In-Situ Catalyst on the Steam Hydrogasification of Biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

derived from biomass, including biogas, biodiesel, ethanol,in the absence of oxygen environment to produce biogas.The biogas generated from anaerobic digestion of biosolids

FAN, XIN

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Investigations of Temperature Effects on NOAA's Next Generation Water Level Measurement System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration collects tide and water-level data by using an acoustic tide gauge in its Next Generation Water Level Measurement System (NGWLMS). The elevation of the water is calculated from the round-trip ...

David L. Portep; H. H. Shih

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Investigation of the Effect of In-Situ Catalyst on the Steam Hydrogasification of Biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biomass, including biogas, biodiesel, ethanol, methanol,vegetable oil. For example, biodiesel can be produced fromTransesterification - Biodiesel Figure 1.1 Conversion of

FAN, XIN

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Experimental investigation of the effect of increasing the temperature on ASP flooding.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Chemical EOR processes such as polymer flooding and surfactant polymer flooding must be designed and implemented in an economically attractive manner to be perceived as… (more)

Walker, Dustin Luke

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Investigation of Effect of Phosphorus Impurity on Ni-YSZ Anode by ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fracture Toughness Evaluation of Polymeric Materials for Wind Turbine Blades ... Hot Section Corrosion Issues in Microturbines Operating on B100 Bio-Diesel.

340

Investigation of the Effect of In-Situ Catalyst on the Steam Hydrogasification of Biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

metal catalysts on CO 2 gasification reactivity of biomassfeasibility of biomass gasification for power generation,et al. , Biomass gasification in a circulating fluidized

FAN, XIN

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "investigate non-targeted effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Experimental investigation effects of blend hazelnut oil on compression ignition engine performance characteristics and emission  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Studies on alternative fuels are important due to the worldwide depletion and accelerated exploitation of oil reserves. In this study

Ibrahim Can

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Investigation of the Effect of In-Situ Catalyst on the Steam Hydrogasification of Biomass.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The gasification of biomass is potentially an efficient and economically viable technology to assist in reducing the global dependence on fossil fuels and carbon dioxide… (more)

FAN, XIN

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Investigation of the Effect of In-Situ Catalyst on the Steam Hydrogasification of Biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A. , Foscolo, P.U. , Steam-gasification of biomass in aand iron salt mixtures for steam- char gasification, Fuel,112. Liu, Z. , Zhu, H. , Steam gasification of coal char

FAN, XIN

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Investigation of the Effect of In-Situ Catalyst on the Steam Hydrogasification of Biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fluidised bed biomass gasifier, Fuel, 2007, 86, 1417-1429.utilizing a down draft gasifier, Biomass and Bioenergy,fixed bed and fluidized bed gasifier, Biomass and Bioenergy,

FAN, XIN

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

R&D Technical Report P3-053/TR An Investigation into the Effects of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to be elevated above normal levels. Phosphogypsum used to be #12;Summary 16 discharged from this site as liquid

346

Investigating Time-Scale Effects on Reference Evapotranspiration from Epan Data in North China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reference evapotranspiration (ETo) and pan evaporation (Epan) are key parameters in hydrological and meteorological studies. The authors’ objectives were to evaluate the ratio of ETo to Epan (kp) at daily and monthly scales and to predict average ...

Yi Li; Robert Horton; Tusheng Ren; Chunyan Chen

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Investigation of the Effect of In-Situ Catalyst on the Steam Hydrogasification of Biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CO 2 gasification reactivity of biomass char, Biotechnologyand economic feasibility of biomass gasification for powerLi, X.T. , et al. , Biomass gasification in a circulating

FAN, XIN

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Investigation of the Effect of In-Situ Catalyst on the Steam Hydrogasification of Biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood, paper mills - Hydrolysis/ Fermentation - Electricity Agricultural Thermal/chemical Biofuels - Grains - Combustion -

FAN, XIN

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Investigations of Radiation Damage Effects on ITER Structural and Plasma-Facing Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technical Paper / First Joint ITER-IAEA Technical Meeting on Analysis of ITER Materials and Technologies

A. I. Ryazanov; V. S. Koidan; B. I. Khripunov; S. T. Latushkin; V. B. Petrov; L. S. Danelyan; E. V. Semenov; V. N. Unezhev

350

Investigation of the Effect of In-Situ Catalyst on the Steam Hydrogasification of Biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. , Pyrolysis of pine wood in a slowly heating fixed-bedheating rate, some destruction and deep opening in the char structure were observed compared with the original wood

FAN, XIN

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Investigation of the Effect of In-Situ Catalyst on the Steam Hydrogasification of Biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

industry: the Technical feasibility of a billion-ton annual supply, U.S. Department of Energy,supply for a bioenergy and bioproducts industry, U.S. Department of Energy,

FAN, XIN

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Investigation of the Effect of In-Situ Catalyst on the Steam Hydrogasification of Biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conversion Biomass Energy Forestry Biochemical Biopower - Logging - Anaerobic digestion - Heat - Wood, paper mills - Hydrolysis/ Fermentation - Electricity Agricultural Thermal/chemical

FAN, XIN

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

An experimental and computational investigation of shock effects in monocrystalline copper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

strain rate hardening, heat conduction out of the band, andstrain rate hardening, heat conduction out of the band, andregion. This is called heat conduction. Radiation is the

Cao, Buyang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Thermocapillary Effects in Thin Liquid Layers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Thin liquid layers have been proposed for heat extraction and protection of the solid surfaces of divertors in magnetic fusion reactors. A number of conceptual… (more)

Koehler, Timothy P.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Investigation of radial wire arrays for inertial confinement fusion and radiation effects science.  

SciTech Connect

Radial wire arrays provide an alternative x-ray source for Z-pinch driven Inertial Confinement Fusion. These arrays, where wires are positioned radially outwards from a central cathode to a concentric anode, have the potential to drive a more compact ICF hohlraum. A number of experiments were performed on the 7MA Saturn Generator. These experiments studied a number of potential risks in scaling radial wire arrays up from the 1MA level, where they have been shown to provide similar x-ray outputs to larger diameter cylindrical arrays, to the higher current levels required for ICF. Data indicates that at 7MA radial arrays can obtain higher power densities than cylindrical wire arrays, so may be of use for x-ray driven ICF on future facilities. Even at the 7MA level, data using Saturn's short pulse mode indicates that a radial array should be able to drive a compact hohlraum to temperatures {approx}92eV, which may be of interest for opacity experiments. These arrays are also shown to have applications to jet production for laboratory astrophysics. MHD simulations require additional physics to match the observed behavior.

Serrano, Jason Dimitri; Bland, Simon Nicholas (Imperial College, London); McBride, Ryan D.; Chittenden, Jeremy Paul (Imperial College, London); Suzuki-Vidal, Francisco Andres (Imperial College, London); Jennings, Christopher A.; Hall, Gareth Neville (Imperial College, London); Ampleford, David J.; Peyton, Bradley Philip; Lebedev, Sergey V. (Imperial College, London); Cleveland, Monica; Rogers, Thomas John; Cuneo, Michael Edward; Coverdale, Christine Anne; Jones, Brent Manley; Jones, Michael C.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

An experimental and computational investigation of shock effects in monocrystalline copper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pressure, velocity, and heat transfer process, etc. It isbe classified as heat transfer processes, because only thesebeen done on the heat transfer process during the dynamic

Cao, Buyang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Investigating asparagine-linked glycosylation substrate : specificity and effects on protein folding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

N-linked glycosylation is a ubiquitous form of protein modification whereby a preassembled oligosaccharide is covalently attached the asparagine side chain of an acceptor protein. This process involves numerous enzymes, ...

Chen, Mark M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Investigation of the Effect of In-Situ Catalyst on the Steam Hydrogasification of Biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Billion-ton update: Biomass supply for a bioenergy andfor Agriculture Biomass Feedstock Supply in the UnitedUtilization of biomass for the supply of energy carriers,

FAN, XIN

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Investigating the effects of business process orientation on organizational innovation performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Business process orientation (BPO) supports business process management by reorienting employees' focus from functional performance to customer value adding. While it is generally believed that BPO improves various aspects of organizational performance, ... Keywords: Business process orientation, Cross-functional integration, Customer integration, Employee innovativeness, Organizational innovation performance

Jing Tang, L. G. Pee, Junichi Iijima

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Investigation of the Effect of In-Situ Catalyst on the Steam Hydrogasification of Biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gupta, A.K. , Hydrogen and syngas production from sewageProduction of hydrogen-rich syngas from steam gasificationgrasses - Gasification - Syngas - Animal manure - Direct

FAN, XIN

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "investigate non-targeted effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

DOE Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator DOE Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator July 8, 2010 - 3:12pm Addthis The Department of Energy has closed its investigation into the energy efficiency of Whirlpool's Maytag refrigerator-freezer model "MSD2578VE." The Department opened this investigation and requested testing data from Whirlpool based on a complaint (April 12, 2010, "DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations"). After reviewing the data and testing this model, the Department has found the model to be compliant with the applicable efficiency standards and has closed the investigation. The Department takes credible allegations seriously and will continue to initiate investigations on products that are

362

Investigations of the Biological Roles of Substituted Cyclohexadienes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years there have been two cycloterpenals, molecules consisting of a cyclohexadienal core, isolated from nature. Cyclocitral, the condensation product of citral, has been isolated from the North Sea bryozoans Flustra foliacea. In the human eyes, cycloretinal has been isolated and is a toxic by product of the vision cycle. This retinal dimer is believed to contribute to age related macular degeneration, the leading cause of blindness in the elderly. In 1992, it was discovered that if [beta]-ionylideneacetaldehyde was incubated with beta-lactoglobulin ([beta]-LG), the principal whey protein in dairy milk, that it would mediate the formation of cyclo-[beta]-ional. No follow up studies were performed on this protein mediated reaction or what biological activities these cycloterpenals may possess. This dissertation investigates the biological roles of substituted cyclohexadienes including cycloterpenals and cyclohexadiene enaminonitriles. To mimic the protein mediated reaction, we developed a synthetic procedure to produce a wide array of cycloterpenal by utilizing L-proline. Over 100 cycloterpenals were synthesized and screened for their biological activities against an array of cell based screens. The phenotypic effects of these cycloterpenals were screened against a PC12 assay where dramatic effects were observed on neurite outgrowth. During the synthesis of starting materials for the production of our cycloterpenal library, it was discovered that if excess base was added to the Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons reaction between a methyl-ketone and diethyl-(cyanomethyl)-phosphonate, conversion of the [alpha]-[beta]-unsaturated nitrile into an enaminonitrile was observed. This new synthetic procedure was optimized to generate a library of enaminonitriles as well as their quinazoline derivatives. The work within also includes the investigation of the [beta]-LG mediated reaction formation of cycloterpenals with natural and unnatural [beta]-methyl aldehydes. We were able to demonstrate that [beta]-LG could mediate the conversion of [alpha],[beta]-unsaturated aldehydes into their corresponding cycloterpenal. In vitro analysis was also performed with store bought milks and the [beta]-LG present was able to mediate the formation of cyclocitral. An in vivo experiment was also performed by utilizing New Zealand White rabbits to demonstrate the formation of cycloretinal within the blood stream by feeding a source of [beta]-LG with retinal. Interestingly, in human blood, [beta]-LG is present at concentrations of 0.7-1.2 g/dL. The protein has been identified within drusen pigments and lipofuscin granules that accumulate in the retina of macular degeneration patients. As humans do not produce beta-lactoglobulin, the source of this protein is from milk and milk products. With these experiments, we clearly demonstrate that under the appropriate conditions, cycloretinal can be produced with [beta]-LG. We have clearly established a direct link between [beta]-LG chemistry and age-related macular degeneration.

Bench, Bennie John

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Investigating Childhood Overweight and Obesity in Rural Settings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Children’s risk for overweight and obesity is particularly high in rural areas of the United States. Many health, psychosocial, and economic consequences are associated with childhood overweight and obesity, which concerns health researchers and professionals. But how and why might rural children be more at risk for being overweight and obese? This dissertation investigates childhood overweight and obesity in rural settings through three separate studies. First, a systematic literature review was conducted to identify determinants and mechanisms of childhood obesity-related behaviors that are specific to rural locations. The findings from the review show that lack of health resources and poverty within the rural environment may impact children’s social environment and individual factors. However, results are inconclusive and there continues to be a lack of studies focusing on linking environmental influence with individual factors. Second, a meta-analysis of current research evidence was conducted to assess the efficacy of rural interventions designed to reduce childhood overweight and obesity. Results showed that interventions have been efficacious yet modest, with a mean effect size of 0.18. Moderating variables were also examined. Mean intervention effect size was moderated by children’s age and intervention duration. Last, secondary data were used to examine the association between rural food stores and availability and affordability of fresh fruits and vegetables. A multilevel analytical approach was used to determine if rural location was associated with availability and affordability of fresh fruits and vegetables. After controlling for other variables, results showed that rural location was not associated with fruit and vegetable availability and affordability. The findings from this dissertation suggest that the area of rural childhood overweight and obesity remains understudied. More research is needed in order to understand the mechanisms of social ecological influences on diet, physical activity, and childhood overweight and obesity. This area of research, however, is rife with opportunities for public health education and promotion. Public health educators can help promote and advocate for environmental conditions that support healthy lifestyles.

Serrano, Katrina 1983-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Investigation into the feasibility of alternative plutonium shipping forms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), operated for the Department of Energy by the Battelle Memorial Institute, is conducting a study for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission on the feasibility of altering current plutonium shipping forms to reduce or eliminate the airborne dispersibility of PuO/sub 2/ which might occur during a shipping accident. Plutonium used for fuel fabrication is currently shipped as a PuO/sub 2/ powder with a significant fraction in the respirable size range. If the high-strength container is breached due to stresses imposed during a transportation accident, the PuO/sub 2/ powder could be subject to airborne dispersion. The available information indicated that a potential accident involving fire accompanied by crush/impact forces would lead to failure of current surface shipping containers (no assumptions were made on the possibility of such a severe accident). Criteria were defined for an alternate shipping form to mitigate the effects of such an accident. Candidate techniques and materials were evaluated as alternate shipping forms by a task team consisting of personnel from PNL and Rockwell Hanford Operations (RHO). At this time, the most promising candidate for an alternate plutonium shipping form appears to be pressing PuO/sub 2/ into unsintered (green) pellets. These green pellets satisfy the criteria for a less dispersible form without requiring significant process changes. Discussions of all candidates considered are contained in a series of appendices. Recommendations for further investigations of the applicability of green pellets as an alternate shipping form are given, including the need for a cost-benefit study.

Mishima, J.; Lindsey, C.G.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Investigation of a Hybrid Cutting Tool Design for Shearing ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Investigation of a Hybrid Cutting Tool Design for Shearing Operations of ... Challenges in Applying Diamond Coatings to Carbide Twist Drills.

366

A New Apparatus For Long-Term Petrophysical Investigations On...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

system allows investigations with highly saline formation fluids. Rock permeability, electrical conductivity as well as compressional- and shear-wave velocities can be...

367

Market fit, market orientation, and business performance : an empirical investigation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis investigated the congruence of an organisation to its intended target markets. It was hypothesised that the internal activities of an organisation are, potentially,… (more)

Taghian, Mehdi.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

The investigation of the market disequilibrium in the stock market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis investigated stock market disequilibrium focusing on two topics: the impact of multiple market makers on the market disequilibrium at the market microstructure level,… (more)

Park, Jin Suk

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Hydrogeologic investigation of Coso Hot Springs, Inyo County, California.  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrogeologic investigation of Coso Hot Springs, Inyo County, California. Hydrogeologic investigation of Coso Hot Springs, Inyo County, California. Final report October 1977--January 1978 Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Hydrogeologic investigation of Coso Hot Springs, Inyo County, California. Final report October 1977--January 1978 Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: This investigation included: review of existing geologic, geophysical, and hydrologic information; field examination of geologic rock units and springs and other features of hydrologic significance and sampling of waters for chemical analysis; determination of the local Coso Hot Springs and regional groundwater hydrology, including consideration of recharge, discharge, movement, and water quality; and determination of the

370

Investigation on Modified Humic Substances Based Binders for Iron ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Investigation on Modified Humic Substances Based Binders for Iron ... An Electron Microscopy Study of Nanoscale Surface and Sub-Surface ...

371

A Numerical Investigation of a Thermodielectric Power Generation System .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The performance of a novel micro-thermodielectric power generation device (MTDPG) was investigated in order to determine if thermodielectric power generation can compete with current portable… (more)

Sklar, Akiva A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

The Flip Side: An Investigation into the Depersonalization of Communication.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The author investigated the depersonalization of student communication in grades six through twelve. The Flip Side Survey was run to focus in on whether or… (more)

Myer, Eileen S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Before the House Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Oversight Committee on Science, Space and Technology Before the House Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight Committee on Science, Space and Technology Before the House...

374

Microstructure Investigation of Mg-10Gd-1La Containing Alloys ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Microstructure Investigation of Mg-10Gd-1La Containing Alloys Subjected to Fatigue Deformation. Author(s), Chamini Lakshi Mendis, Petra ...

375

Calorimetric Investigation of the Lithium–Manganese–Oxygen ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Calorimetric Investigation of the Lithium–Manganese–Oxygen Cathode Material System for Lithium Ion Batteries. Author(s), Damian M. Cupid, ...

376

Making Controlled Experimentation More Informative in Inquiry Investigations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

learners to conduct virtual investigations about complexconduct their experiments, the software logs the investigationinvestigations and how students use dynamic visualization tools to conduct

McElhaney, Kevin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Internet- versus Telephone-based Local Outbreak Investigations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compared 5 locally conducted, Internet-based outbreak investigations with 5 telephone-based investigations. Internet-based surveys required less completion time, and response rates were similar for both investigation methods. Participant satisfaction with Internet-based surveys was high. Although the Internet has been increasingly used in epidemiologic research, its use for investigation of infectious disease outbreaks has been less frequently described. Most reports of Internet-based outbreak investigations have described large, single outbreaks conducted by national or state public health agencies. Examples of reported Internet-based outbreak investigations include a communitywide norovirus outbreak in Finland, a communitywide Cryptosporidium outbreak in Kansas, a multistate Salmonella outbreak, and a conjunctivitis outbreak at a university (1–4). These reports noted several advantages of Internet use, including reductions in resource use, workload, and time required for survey completion and data entry (1–4). However, these advantages are not generally quantified in outbreak reports. Moreover, Internetbased outbreak investigations are seldom reported from the local health department level, where resources are often constrained compared with those of state and national agencies. We offer an analysis of several small Internetbased outbreak investigations conducted at the local level. We describe response rates to Internet-based surveys with and without telephone follow-up, the time needed to complete Internet-based outbreak surveys in comparison with traditional telephone surveys, participant satisfaction with Internet-based surveys, and differences in Internet-based outbreak investigations based on the respondents ’ setting: professional versus household.

Tista S. Ghosh; Jennifer L. Patnaik; Nisha B. Alden; Richard L. Vogt

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

A software framework for simulation-based scientific investigations .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis provides a design and development of a software architecture and programming framework that enables domain-oriented scientific investigations to be more easily developed and… (more)

Salman, Adnan M., 1965-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Laboratory Investigation of an Ultralow NOx  

1115 Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Volume 29, 2002/pp. 1115–1121 LABORATORY INVESTIGATION OF AN ULTRALOW NO x PREMIXED COMBUSTION CONCEPT ...

380

Investigation on the Correlation of Sulfur, Chlorine, Silicon and the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seven coal samples from coal basins of China, were investigated to identify the ... The results indicated that the most of mercury existed in coal as bound-state ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "investigate non-targeted effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

An Integrated Mapping And Remote Sensing Investigation Of The...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

And Remote Sensing Investigation Of The Structural Control For Fumarole Location In The Eburru Volcanic Complex, Kenya Rift Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal...

382

An investigation of the Dixie Valley geothermal field, Nevada...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2007 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for An investigation of the Dixie Valley geothermal field, Nevada, using...

383

NBS-GCR-79-188 AN INVESTIGATION OF FIRE ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. NBS-GCR-79-188 AN INVESTIGATION OF FIRE IMPINGEMENT ON A HORIZONTAL CEILING HZ You AND GM FAETH OCTOBER 1978 ...

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

384

Geothermal investigations in Idaho. Part 1. Geochemistry and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in Idaho. Part 1. Geochemistry and geologic setting of selected thermal waters Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Geothermal investigations in...

385

The investigation of anomalous magnetization in the Raft River...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

anomalous magnetization in the Raft River valley, Idaho Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: The investigation of anomalous...

386

Investigating science teachers' beliefs about science and science teaching.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purposes of this quantitative, descriptive study were to investigate Saudi science teachers' beliefs about science and science teaching, and to determine how do Saudi… (more)

AL-Abdulkareem, Saleh A. M., 1965-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Investigation of SGP Atmospheric Moisture Budget for CLASIC ?...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of a recently completed investigation of the moisture budget over the Midwestern Corn Belt (Zangvil et al. 2001, 2004) This study will be expanded with * Extended seasons...

388

Heat Exchangers Fouling and Corrosion-A Detailed Investigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Aluminum Smelter Waste Heat Recovery Plant (Heat Exchangers Fouling and Corrosion-A Detailed Investigation). Author(s), Hadi Fanisalek, ...

389

Investigation of Powder Metallurgy Titanium Matrix Composites by ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Investigation of Powder Metallurgy Titanium Matrix Composites by Planetary Ball-milling of Ti Powder Dispersed with Vapour Grown Carbon ...

390

Before House Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations - Committee...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Commerce Before House Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations - Committee on Energy and Commerce By: Gil Vega, Associate Chief Information Officer for Cybersecurity...

391

Nuclear Magnetism and Superconductivity: Investigations on Lithium and Rhodium.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis describes low temperature experiments on lithium. The experiments concentrate on investigating low temperature phase transitions of two subsystems in this metal: its nuclear… (more)

Juntunen, Kirsi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Nuclear magnetism and superconductivity : investigations on lithium and rhodium.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis describes low temperature experiments on lithium. The experiments concentrate on investigating low temperature phase transitions of two subsystems in this metal: its nuclear… (more)

Juntunen, Kirsi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Microstructural Investigation of D2 Tool Steel during Rapid ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Preliminary Investigations in Current-Activated Tip-Based Sintering (CATS): Modeling and Experiments · Process Simulation of Cold Pressing and Sintering of ...

394

Investigation of 5 MOL% YSZ Electrolyte for SOFC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Investigation of 5 MOL% YSZ Electrolyte for SOFC. Author(s), Nilufer Evcimen, Ahmet Ekerim. On-Site Speaker (Planned), Nilufer Evcimen.

395

Experimental Investigation of Local Displacement Speeds of Wrinkled...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

simulation models and flame stretch theory. Lean and rich methane-air, and lean propane-air flames were investigated to assess stable and unstable preferential diffusion...

396

Investigation of Dithiolenes for Propylene/Propane Membrane Separations .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Polyimide membranes containing nickel dithiolenes were investigated for the separation of propylene and propane. Permeation and sorption experiments were conducted as well thermal property analyses.… (more)

Sejour, Hensley

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

A Preliminary Resistivity Investigation (Ves) Of The Langada...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Resistivity Investigation (Ves) Of The Langada Hot Springs Area In Northern Greece Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A...

398

Microstructural Investigation of Nano-Calcium Phosphates Doped ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Microstructural Investigation of Nano-Calcium Phosphates Doped with Fluoride Ions. Author(s), Aydin Tahmasebifar, Zafer Evis, Serap ...

399

Studies on the Effects of Inorganic Salts on Biochemical Treatment ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effects of two inorganic salts (sodium chloride and sodium sulphate) on biochemical ... Numerical Investigation of Heat Transfer Characteristics in Microwave ...

400

Effects of Segregation in Nickel-Base Superalloys: Dendritic Stresses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

formation was investigated using scanning electron microscopy. (SEM), their effect on dislocation mobility by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Figure 1 .

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "investigate non-targeted effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

INVESTIGATION OF THE THERMODYNAMICS GOVERNING METAL HYDRIDE SYNTHESIS IN THE MOLTEN STATE PROCESS.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex metal hydrides have been synthesized for hydrogen storage through a new synthetic technique utilizing high hydrogen overpressure at elevated temperatures (molten state processing). This synthesis technique holds the potential of fusing different complex hydrides at elevated temperatures and pressures to form new species with enhanced hydrogen storage properties. Formation of these compounds is driven by thermodynamic and kinetic considerations. We report on investigations of the thermodynamics. Novel synthetic complexes were formed, structurally characterized, and their hydrogen desorption properties investigated. The effectiveness of the molten state process is compared with mechanicosynthetic ball milling.

Stowe, A; Polly Berseth, P; Ragaiy Zidan, R; Donald Anton, D

2007-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

402

InvestigationOrganizer: The development and testing of a Web-based tool to support mishap investigations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT 1 InvestigationOrganizer (IO) is a collaborative web-based system designed to support the conduct of mishap investigations. IO provides a common repository for a wide range of mishap related information, and allows investigators to make explicit, shared, and meaningful links between evidence, causal models, findings and recommendations. It integrates the functionality of a database, a common document repository, a semantic knowledge network, a rule-based inference engine, and causal modeling and visualization. Thus far, IO has been used to support four mishap investigations within NASA, ranging from a small property damage case to the loss of the Space Shuttle Columbia. This paper describes how the functionality of IO supports mishap investigations and the lessons learned from the experience of supporting two of the NASA mishap investigations: the Columbia

Robert E. Carvalho; James Williams; Ian Sturken; Richard Keller

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

An empirical investigation of virtual Interaction in supporting learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research investigates "virtual interaction," a special type of interaction between a learner and a rich media representation of an instructor. Guided by the Technology Mediated Learning (TML) research framework, the research investigates the impacts ... Keywords: e-learning, question answering, technology mediated learning (TML), virtual interaction

Jinwei Cao; Janna M. Crews; Ming Lin; Judee K. Burgoon; Jay F. Nunamaker, Jr.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

An Empirical Investigation of the Determinants of Asymmetric Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and worldwide slowdown of production. A primary concern, given the lengthy downward trend, is that the priceAn Empirical Investigation of the Determinants of Asymmetric Pricing Marc Remer August 2, 2010 Abstract This paper empirically investigates the cause of asymmetric pricing: retail prices responding

Niebur, Ernst

405

Investigation of the Brazil Current front variability from altimeter data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investigation of the Brazil Current front variability from altimeter data Gustavo J. Goni Atlantic, Brazil Abstract. The southwestern Atlantic Ocean is characterized by the confluence of the Brazil in conjunction with a two-layer dynamical ocean scheme to monitor the Brazil Current front and to investigate its

406

Translation Effects on Simulated Tornadoes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simulation of tornadoes translating over the ground was carried out in a modified Ward simulator. The purpose was to investigate the effects of translation on tornado dynamics. The results are as follows:

Chris J. Diamond; Eugene M. Wilkins

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Integral Effects of Deep Convection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The large-scale, integral effect of convective elements (plumes) constituting an open-ocean chimney is investigated both theoretically and with a plume-resolving numerical model. The authors consider an initially homogeneous “patch” of ocean of ...

Uwe Send; John Marshall

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

DOE Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator DOE Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator November 9, 2010 - 7:30pm Addthis The Department of Energy has closed its investigation into the energy efficiency of Viking Range Corporation's refrigerator-freezer model VCSB542. The Department initiated this investigation in response to allegations that the model failed to meet federal energy efficiency standards. After reviewing data provided by Viking for this model, the Department issued a testing demand on June 16, 2010 and initially tested four units, one of which was defective and replaced by a fifth unit. The test results showed that two Viking units failed the federal energy standard for maximum energy use, while two passed. Because of the wide variation in the

409

An investigation of the Dixie Valley geothermal field, Nevada, using  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

investigation of the Dixie Valley geothermal field, Nevada, using investigation of the Dixie Valley geothermal field, Nevada, using temporal moment analysis of tracer tests Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: An investigation of the Dixie Valley geothermal field, Nevada, using temporal moment analysis of tracer tests Author Marshall J. Reed Conference Proceedings, 32nd Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering; Stanford University; 2007 Published Publisher Not Provided, 2007 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for An investigation of the Dixie Valley geothermal field, Nevada, using temporal moment analysis of tracer tests Citation Marshall J. Reed. 2007. An investigation of the Dixie Valley geothermal field, Nevada, using temporal moment analysis of tracer tests. In:

410

John C. Layton: Before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Subcommittee on Oversight and the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations Commerce Committee U.S. House of Representatives John C. Layton: Before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations Commerce Committee U.S. House of Representatives October 9, 1997 Before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations Commerce Committee U.S. House of Representatives Statement of John C. Layton, Inspector General Department of Energy Testify on the DOE management of its laboratories. Statement of John C. Layton Inspector General Department of Energy Before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations Commerce Committee U.S. House of Representatives, Statement of John C. Layton Inspector General Department of Energy Before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations Commerce Committee U.S.

411

Independent Oversight Investigation, Hanford Site - April 2004 | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Investigation, Hanford Site - April 2004 Investigation, Hanford Site - April 2004 Independent Oversight Investigation, Hanford Site - April 2004 April 2004 Investigation of Worker Vapor Exposure and Occupational Medicine Program Allegations at the Hanford Site At the direction of the Secretary of Energy, the Office of Independent Oversight and Performance Assurance (OA) conducted an investigation of selected aspects of worker safety and health systems at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site in February-April 2004. In February 2004, the Secretary of Energy directed OA to evaluate recent allegations of deficient safety and medical practices and to assess past practices and current operations to determine whether additional actions are needed to ensure a safe work environment at the Hanford Site.

412

Energy Department Closes Buy American Investigation into Lighting Sales |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Department Closes Buy American Investigation into Lighting Energy Department Closes Buy American Investigation into Lighting Sales Energy Department Closes Buy American Investigation into Lighting Sales September 10, 2010 - 4:56pm Addthis Today, the Department of Energy formally closed its investigation into whether sales to recipients of the Department's Energy Efficiency Community Block Grants by two California companies, US Lighting Tech and American Induction Technologies, Inc., complied with the Buy American provisions of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). As part of its investigation, the Department engaged a lighting industry expert who reviewed data submitted by the two companies and made site visits to inspect the companies' manufacturing processes. The Department has concluded that the sales were consistent with ARRA's Buy American

413

Property:Geothermal/OtherPrincipalInvestigator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OtherPrincipalInvestigator OtherPrincipalInvestigator Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Geothermal/OtherPrincipalInvestigator Property Type String Description Other Principal Investigators Subproperties This property has the following 2 subproperties: A A Geothermal District-Heating System and Alternative Energy Research Park on the NM Tech Campus Geothermal Project D Development of Chemical Model to Predict the Interactions between Supercritical CO2 and Fluid, Rocks in EGS Reservoirs Geothermal Project Pages using the property "Geothermal/OtherPrincipalInvestigator" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A A 3D-3C Reflection Seismic Survey and Data Integration to Identify the Seismic Response of Fractures and Permeable Zones Over a Known Geothermal Resource at Soda Lake, Churchill Co., NV Geothermal Project + John Louie, University of Nevada and Lisa Shevenell, University of Nevada +

414

Energy Department Closes Buy American Investigation into Lighting Sales |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Department Closes Buy American Investigation into Lighting Energy Department Closes Buy American Investigation into Lighting Sales Energy Department Closes Buy American Investigation into Lighting Sales September 10, 2010 - 4:56pm Addthis Today, the Department of Energy formally closed its investigation into whether sales to recipients of the Department's Energy Efficiency Community Block Grants by two California companies, US Lighting Tech and American Induction Technologies, Inc., complied with the Buy American provisions of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). As part of its investigation, the Department engaged a lighting industry expert who reviewed data submitted by the two companies and made site visits to inspect the companies' manufacturing processes. The Department has concluded that the sales were consistent with ARRA's Buy American

415

Accident Investigation at the Idaho National Laboratory Engineering  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accident Investigation at the Idaho National Laboratory Engineering Accident Investigation at the Idaho National Laboratory Engineering Demonstration Facility, February 2013 Accident Investigation at the Idaho National Laboratory Engineering Demonstration Facility, February 2013 On Monday, February 12, 2013, a principal investigator at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Engineering Demonstration Facility (IEDF) was testing the system configuration of experimental process involving liquid sodium carbonate. An unanticipated event occurred that resulted in the ejection of the 900° C liquid sodium carbonate from the system. The ejected liquid came into contact with the principal investigator and caused multiple second and third degree burn injuries to approximately 10 percent of his body. The Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) Site Lead for

416

Second experiments in the robotic investigation of life in the Atacama Desert of Chile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Atacama Desert of northern Chile may be the most lifeless place on Earth, yet microorganisms do survive in some areas. The distribution and diversity of life in the Atacama remains unexplored and is the focus of the Life in the Atacama project. To conduct this investigation, survey traverses across the desert with biologic and geologic instruments will allow us to create biogeographic maps. We accomplish these surveys with an autonomous astrobiology rover. In this paper we motivate the Life in the Atacama project and report on the second of three field seasons of scientific investigation and technical experiments in Chile. We describe the rover, instruments, algorithms and assess intermediate results. These results provide insight into the design of an effective robotic astrobiologist for future planetary investigations and into the best methods to conduct astrobiologic surveys. 1

David Wettergreen; Nathalie Cabrol; Vijayakumar Baskaran; Francisco Calderón; Paul Tompkins; Daniel Villa; Chris Williams; Michael Wagner

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Theoretical investigation of selected trace elements in coal gasification plants. Final report Mar 78-Nov 79  

SciTech Connect

The report gives results of a theoretical investigation of the disposition of five volatile trace elements (arsenic, boron, lead, selenium, and mercury) in SNG-producing coal gasification plants. Three coal gasification processes (dry-bottom Lurgi, Koppers-Totzek, and HYGAS) were investigated to examine the possible effects of gasifier operation conditions on the speciation of the volatile trace elements. Results of this investigation suggest that none of the trace elements considered in this study will be present in the product SNG from a coal gasification plant, but will be removed from the fuel gas by various unit operations. Results also suggest that speciation of these volatile trace elements is not significantly affected by gasifier conditions.

Hill, A.H.; Anderson, G.L.; Fleming, D.K.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

NETL: C&CBTL - Investigation of Coal-Biomass Catalytic Gasification Using  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coal/Biomass Feed and Gasification Coal/Biomass Feed and Gasification Investigation of Coal-Biomass Catalytic Gasification Using Experiments, Reaction Kinetics and Computational Fluid Dynamics Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Project Number: FE0005476 Project Description The objectives of the proposed study are to obtain experimental reactor data and develop kinetic rate expressions for pyrolysis and char gasification for the coal-biomass blends under conditions free from transport limitations, to develop a detailed understanding of the effect of pyrolysis conditions on the porous char structure, to build mathematical models that combine true kinetic rate expressions with transport models for predicting gasification behavior for a broad range of pressures and temperatures, and to investigate the physical and chemical parameters that might lead to synergistic effects in coal-biomass blends gasification.

419

BP-5 Remedial Investigation Slug-Test Characterization Results for Well 699-52-55A  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory conducted slug-test characterization at the final, completed BP-5 Remedial Investigation well 699-52-55A near the 200-East Area at the Hanford Site on April 22, 2008. The slug-test characterization was in support of the BP-5 Remedial Investigation. The portion of the unconfined aquifer tested is composed of sediments of the lower Ringold Formation and the underlying Elephant Mountain basalt flowtop. The basalt flowtop unit was included as part of the effective test-interval length for the slug-test analysis because the flowtop unit is hydraulically communicative with the unconfined aquifer. Estimates of hydraulic conductivity for the effective test-interval length represent composite values for the lower Ringold Formation and the underlying Elephant Mountain basalt flow top.

Newcomer, Darrell R.

2008-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

420

The investigation of anomalous magnetization in the Raft River valley,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

investigation of anomalous magnetization in the Raft River valley, investigation of anomalous magnetization in the Raft River valley, Idaho Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: The investigation of anomalous magnetization in the Raft River valley, Idaho Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Cassia County Idaho; clastic sediments; economic geology; exploration; geophysical methods; geophysical surveys; geothermal energy; gravel; ground methods; Idaho; isothermal remanent magnetization; magnetic anomalies; magnetic methods; magnetic properties; magnetic susceptibility; magnetization; paleomagnetism; Raft River basin; remanent magnetization; sediments; surveys; United States Author(s): Anderson, L.A.; Mabey, D.R. Published: Abstracts - Society of Exploration Geophysicists International

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "investigate non-targeted effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Before the House Subcommittee on Investigations & Oversight - Committee on  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

& Oversight - & Oversight - Committee on Science, Space, and Technology Before the House Subcommittee on Investigations & Oversight - Committee on Science, Space, and Technology Testimony of Kathleen Hogan, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency Before the House Subcommittee on Investigations & Oversight - Committee on Science, Space, and Technology 5-8-12_Kathleen_Hogan_FT.pdf More Documents & Publications Before the House Subcommittee on Energy and Power and Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations - Committee on Energy and Commerce Notice of proposed rulemaking, Energy Efficiency and Sustainable Design Standards for New Federal Buildings, 75 Fed. Reg. 29,933 (May 28, 2010) 2010 DOE Strategic Sustainability Performance Plan - Report to the White

422

Final Report Limited Soil Investigation of Project Chariot Test Holes  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Limited Soil Investigation of Project Limited Soil Investigation of Project Chariot Test Holes Cape Thompson, Alaska December 2010 Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Alaska District Post Office Box 6898 Elmendorf AFB, Alaska 99506-6898 Contract W911KB-08-D-0003 Task Order 12, Mod 001 Prepared by Fairbanks Environmental Services 3538 International Street Fairbanks, Alaska 99701 (907) 452-1006 FES Project No. 5012-06 Final Report Limited Soil Investigation of Project Chariot Test Holes, Cape Thompson, Alaska Fairbanks Environmental Services 5012-06 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Number EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1.0 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................... 1-1

423

Microsoft Word - S04816_InvestigationPlan.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

New Brunswick, New Jersey, Site New Brunswick, New Jersey, Site Investigation Plan to Identify Potential Radiological Contamination in a Sanitary Sewer December 2008 LMS/NBL/S04816 This page intentionally left blank New Brunswick, New Jersey, Site Investigation Plan to Identify Potential Radiological Contamination in a Sanitary Sewer December 2008 This page intentionally left blank U.S. Department of Energy Investigation Plan to Identify Contamination in a Sanitary Sewer December 2008 Doc. No. S0481600 Page i Contents 1.0 Background ......................................................................................................................... 1 2.0 Objectives of This Study.....................................................................................................

424

Summary of 1991--1992 misadministration event investigations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Investigation team composed of representatives of the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL), the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and subcontracts investigated and analyzed seven misadministration events selected by the NRC concerning medical radioisotopes. Each team was led by an INEL member and depending on the nature of the event, included three or more team members with appropriate expertise in radiation oncology, medical physics, nuclear medicine technology, risk analysis, and human factors. The investigations focused on causes of the event, consequences, mitigating actions, and corrective actions. The major findings are described in this report.

Ostrom, L.T.; Leahy, T.J.; Novack, S.D. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Microfluidic Investigation of Tracer Dye Diffusion in Alumina Nanofluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanofluids, a new class of fluids engineered by suspending nanometer-sized particles in a host liquid, are offered as a new strategy in order to improve heat and mass transfer efficiency. My research was motivated by previous exciting studies on enhanced mass diffusion and the possibility of tailoring mass transport by direct manipulation of molecular diffusion. Therefore, a microfluidic approach capable of directly probing tracer diffusion between nanoparticle-laden fluid streams was developed. Under conditions matching previously reported studies, strong complexation interactions between the dye and nanoparticles at the interface between fluid streams was observed. When the tracer dye and surfactant were carefully chosen to minimize the collective effects of the interactions, no significant change in tracer dye diffusivity was observed in the presence of nanoparticles. Next, adapting tracer dyes for studies involving colloidal nanomaterials was explored. Addition of these charged tracers poses a myriad of challenges because of their propensity to disrupt the delicate balance among physicochemical interactions governing suspension stability. Here it was shown how important it is to select the compatible combinations of dye, nanoparticle, and stabilizing surfactant to overcome these limitations in low volume fraction (< 1 vol%) aqueous suspensions of Al2O3 nanoparticles. A microfluidic system was applied as a stability probe that unexpectedly revealed how rapid aggregation could be readily triggered in the presence of local chemical gradients. Suspension stability was also assessed in conjunction with coordinated measurements of zeta potential, steady shear viscosity and bulk thermal conductivity. These studies also guided our efforts to prepare new refrigerant formulations containing dispersed nanomaterials, including graphene nanosheets, carbon nanotubes and metal oxide and nitride. The influence of key parameters such as particle type, size and volume fraction on the suspension's thermal conductivity was investigated using a standard protocol. Our findings showed that thermal conductivity values of carbon nanotube and graphene nanosheet suspensions were higher than TiO2 nanoparticles, despite some nanoparticles with large particle sizes provided noticeable thermal conductivity enhancements. Significantly, the graphene containing suspensions uniquely matched the thermal conductivity enhancements attained in nanotube suspensions without accompanying viscosity, thus making them an attractive new coolant for demanding applications such as electronics and reactor cooling.

Ozturk, Serdar 1979-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Investigations of MACCS2 for LANL Dispersion Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Investigations of MACCS2 Investigations of MACCS2 Investigations of MACCS2 Investigations of MACCS2 for LANL Dispersion Analysis p y DOE Workshop Germantown, MD Raymond F. Sartor, Ph.D. Safety Basis Technical Services June 5-6, 2012 Safety Basis - Technical Services Los Alamos National Laboratory Operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC for NNSA U N C L A S S I F I E D Basic Equation for Ground-Level Release Basic Equation for Ground-Level Release                                                

427

Agencies complete comprehensive investigation for radioactive and hazardous  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Printer-friendly icon Printer-Friendly June 29, 2007 Agencies complete comprehensive investigation for radioactive and hazardous waste landfill; agree to extend document submittal milestone The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Idaho Department of Environmental Quality (IDEQ), and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have completed a CERCLA (Superfund) Remedial Investigation and Baseline Risk Assessment and Feasibility Study of a radioactive and hazardous waste landfill at the U.S. Department of Energy�s Idaho Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC). The results of these investigations are found in two documents: the Remedial Investigation and Baseline Risk Assessment for Operable Unit 7-13/-14 and the Feasibility Study for Operable Unit 7-13/-14. Both documents are available in the Administrative Record at http://ar.inel.gov/. The documents are also available at the INL Technical Library in Idaho Falls and Boise State University�s Albertsons Library.

428

DOE Opens Investigation into Alleged Lighting Efficiency Violations |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Opens Investigation into Alleged Lighting Efficiency Violations Opens Investigation into Alleged Lighting Efficiency Violations DOE Opens Investigation into Alleged Lighting Efficiency Violations March 24, 2010 - 4:36pm Addthis Today, the U.S. Department of Energy announced it had issued subpoenas to three companies who were identified as selling certain torchiere lamps that failed to meet federal energy efficiency standards. Under the subpoenas, Target Corporation, Adesso, Inc. and Habitex Corporation are required to submit detailed information about the design of these products and how the companies marketed and sold them in the U.S. These investigations are part of the ongoing efforts at the Department of Energy and across the Obama Administration to strengthen and enforce federal energy efficiency standards that will save money for consumers and

429

Enforcement Guidance Supplement 98-01: Duration of Investigations Conducted  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Duration of Investigations Duration of Investigations Conducted Pursuant to 10 CFR 820.21; Purpose of Transcript Requirements Set Forth in 10 CFR 820.10 (d) Enforcement Guidance Supplement 98-01: Duration of Investigations Conducted Pursuant to 10 CFR 820.21; Purpose of Transcript Requirements Set Forth in 10 CFR 820.10 (d) The DOE Enforcement Handbook (1087-95) provides the Office of Enforcement and lnvestigation with the opportunity to issue interim clarifying guidance occasionally with respect to the processes to be used in this office (see Section 1.3- Interim Enforcement Guidance). In particular, it is important to assist contractors and others on the relationships between the requirements of Part 820 and the Enforcement Policy, 10 CFR 820, Appendix A. Enforcement Guidance Supplement 98-01: Duration of Investigations Conducted

430

Enforcement Guidance Supplement 98-01:Duration of Investigations Conducted  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Enforcement Guidance Supplement 98-01:Duration of Investigations Enforcement Guidance Supplement 98-01:Duration of Investigations Conducted Pursuant to 10 CFR 820.21; Purpose of Transcript Requirements Set Forth in 10 CFR 820.10 (d) Enforcement Guidance Supplement 98-01:Duration of Investigations Conducted Pursuant to 10 CFR 820.21; Purpose of Transcript Requirements Set Forth in 10 CFR 820.10 (d) The DOE Enforcement Handbook (1087-95) provides the Office of Enforcement and Investigation with the opportunity to issue interim clarifying guidance occasionally with respect to the processes to be used in this office (see Section 1.3- Interim Enforcement Guidance). In particular, it is important to assist contractors and others on the relationships between the requirements of Part 820 and the Enforcement Policy, 10 CFR 820, Appendix

431

Department of Energy Opens Appliance Standards Investigation for Certain  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy Opens Appliance Standards Investigation for Department of Energy Opens Appliance Standards Investigation for Certain Air Con International Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Department of Energy Opens Appliance Standards Investigation for Certain Air Con International Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps March 26, 2010 - 6:55pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy announced today that it has opened an investigation to determine whether certain air conditioners and heat pump products manufactured by Air Con International comply with federal energy efficiency standards. The subpoena issued on Wednesday requires Air Con to submit detailed information about the energy consumption of its products and how Air Con marketed and sold them in the U.S. This action follows similar subpoenas issued earlier in the week for

432

An Investigation of the Equatorial Orographic–Dynamic Mechanism  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A barotropic model over an equatorial beta-plane is used to investigate the response when a uniform zonal current crosses an isolated hypothetical mountain centered at the equator. The bounded derivative initialization method is applied to ...

Fredrick H. M. Semazzi

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

An Investigation of Instantaneous Diffusion and Concentration Fluctuations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Instantaneous plume behavior is investigated via experimental and modeling results from a recent field campaign. The data consist of wind velocity and concentration measurements collected 700 m from a point source of sulfur hexafluoride during ...

Holly Peterson; Brian Lamb

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Department of Energy Opens Investigation into Alleged Lighting Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Opens Investigation into Alleged Lighting Opens Investigation into Alleged Lighting Efficiency Violations Department of Energy Opens Investigation into Alleged Lighting Efficiency Violations March 24, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Today, the U.S. Department of Energy announced it had issued subpoenas to three companies who were identified as selling certain torchiere lamps that failed to meet federal energy efficiency standards. Under the subpoenas, Target Corporation, Adesso, Inc. and Habitex Corporation are required to submit detailed information about the design of these products and how the companies marketed and sold them in the U.S. These investigations are part of the ongoing efforts at the Department of Energy and across the Obama Administration to strengthen and enforce federal energy efficiency standards that will save money for consumers and

435

Gregory H. Friedman: Before the Subcommittee on Investigations and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Investigations and Investigations and Oversight Committee on Science, Space, and Technology U.S. House of Representatives Gregory H. Friedman: Before the Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight Committee on Science, Space, and Technology U.S. House of Representatives November 30, 2011 Before the Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight Committee on Science, Space, and Technology U.S. House of Representatives Statement of Gregory H. Friedman, Inspector General, U.S. Department of Energy I appreciate the opportunity to testify today at your request on the work of the Office of Inspector General (OIG) concerning the Department of Energy's (Department) activities related to the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act). The intent of the Recovery Act was

436

Department of Energy Opens Appliance Standards Investigation for Certain  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy Opens Appliance Standards Investigation for Department of Energy Opens Appliance Standards Investigation for Certain Air Con International Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Department of Energy Opens Appliance Standards Investigation for Certain Air Con International Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps March 26, 2010 - 6:55pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy announced today that it has opened an investigation to determine whether certain air conditioners and heat pump products manufactured by Air Con International comply with federal energy efficiency standards. The subpoena issued on Wednesday requires Air Con to submit detailed information about the energy consumption of its products and how Air Con marketed and sold them in the U.S. This action follows similar subpoenas issued earlier in the week for

437

Pre-Investigation Geological Appraisal Of Geothermal Fields | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pre-Investigation Geological Appraisal Of Geothermal Fields Pre-Investigation Geological Appraisal Of Geothermal Fields Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Pre-Investigation Geological Appraisal Of Geothermal Fields Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: In recent years there has been interest in the possibility of generating electricity from geothermal steam in many countries. The initial stage is the preliminary evaluation of geothermal resources and, apart from economic considerations, the problem is essentially geological. This paper deals with the factors involved in the selection of areas that warrant expenditure on investigation and development. Preferred requirements in geothermal fields for power generation are temperatures above 200°C and permeable aquifers or zones within 2000 m from the surface. The existence

438

DOE Closes Investigation into Alleged Lighting Efficiency Violations |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Closes Investigation into Alleged Lighting Efficiency DOE Closes Investigation into Alleged Lighting Efficiency Violations DOE Closes Investigation into Alleged Lighting Efficiency Violations April 16, 2010 - 10:39am Addthis The U.S. Department of Energy has closed its investigation into the energy efficiency of lighting products manufactured by Habitex Corporation and sold under the Target and Adesso brand names based on test data provided by the companies. The Department requested information from the three companies last month in response to a complaint that these products did not meet the Department's energy efficiency standards for torchieres. Responding promptly to the Department's inquiry, the companies provided test data showing that these products did not meet the Energy Policy and Conservation Act's definition of torchiere and, as a result, did not

439

Accident Investigation of the Fall Injury at the Savannah River...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management Accident Investigation Report Fall Injury Accident at the Savannah River Site on July 1, 2011 August 8, 2011 Disclaimer...

440

APPLICATION FOR NUCLEAR SUBSTANCE USER PERMIT 1. a) Principal Investigator: ________________________  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

APPLICATION FOR NUCLEAR SUBSTANCE USER PERMIT 1. a) Principal Investigator-Mail: ____________________________________ 2. Previous experience in nuclear substance work by applicant: ________________________________________________________________________ 3. List all rooms where nuclear substances will be used or stored

Beaumont, Christopher

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "investigate non-targeted effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

A Numerical Investigation of New England Coastal Frontogenesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-dimensional, primitive equation, boundary-layer model is used to investigate wintertime mesoscale frontogenesis along the New England coast. Some features included in the model are a terrain-following coordinate system to study the ...

Robert J. Ballentine

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Investigation-Derived Waste Management Plan. Revision 2  

SciTech Connect

SRS has implemented a comprehensive environmental program to maintain compliance with environmental regulations and mitigate impacts to the environment. One element of the environmental program is the investigation of inactive waste units. Environmental Investigation-Derived Waste (IDW). IDW may include purge water , soil cuttings, drilling fluids, well pumping test and development water, decontamination solutions, contaminated equipment, and personal protection equipment (PPE). In cases where investigations confirm the presence of contamination and the IDW contains waste constituents in concentrations high enough to be of environmental or health concern, special management procedures are warranted. This IDW Management Plan describes specific SRS initiatives for IDW management. The goal is the development of a plan for prudent management of IDW from environmental investigations that is protective of human health and the environment.

Molen, G.

1995-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

443

A Numerical Investigation of Mixed-Layer Dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structure of the stratified turbulent upper mixed layer of the ocean has been numerically investigated by using the turbulence closure model of Gibson and Launder, under the action of an impulsive wind stress ?0 and zero surface heat flux. ...

Pijush K. Kundu

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

An Investigation of Flow Regimes Affecting the Mexico City Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) is used to investigate the detailed mesoscale flow structure over the Mexico City region for a 3-day period in February 1991. The model simulation is compared with rawinsonde and tethersonde profile ...

James E. Bossert

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Light trapping limits in plasmonic solar cells: an analytical investigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analytically investigate the light trapping performance in plasmonic solar cells with Si/metallic structures. We consider absorption enhancements for surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) at planar Si/metal interfaces and ...

Sheng, Xing

446

Upscale Evolution of MCSs: Doppler Radar Analysis and Analytical Investigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of two small mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) in northeastern Colorado is investigated via dual-Doppler radar analysis. The first system developed from several initially isolated cumulonimbi, which gradually coalesced into a ...

Ray L. McAnelly; Jason E. Nachamkin; William R. Cotton; Melville E. Nicholls

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Investigation of polarization anisotropy in individual porous silicon nanoparticles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Polarization anisotropy is investigated in single porous silicon nanoparticles containing multiple chromophores. Two forms of nanoparticle samples are studied; low current density (LCD) and high current density (HCD). Photoluminescence measurements reveal ... Keywords: Anisotropy, Photoluminescence, Polarization, Porous silicon, Silicon nanocrystal

Daniel J. Gargas; Donald J. Sirbuly; Michael D. Mason; Paul J. Carson; Steven K. Buratto

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Black Carbon Soot Impact on Snow Albedo: A Laboratory Investigation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Black Carbon Soot Impact on Snow Albedo: A Laboratory Investigation Speaker(s): Odelle Hadley Date: August 13, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3075 This presentation examines the...

449

Laboratory Investigations in Support of Carbon Dioxide-Limestone...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MA 01854 617-253-6595 eeadams@mit.edu Laboratory InvestIgatIons In support of Carbon DIoxIDe-LImestone sequestratIon In the oCean Background Many approaches have been proposed...

450

Fuel Cells Vehicle Systems Analysis (Fuel Cell Freeze Investigation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Presentation on Fuel Cells Vehicle Systems Analysis (Fuel Cell Freeze Investigation) for the 2005 Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologies Program Annual Review held in Arlington, Virginia on May 23-26, 2005.

Pesaran, A.; Kim, G.; Markel, T.; Wipke, K.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

NETL: Investigation on Flame Characteristics and Burner Operability...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oxy-Combustion CO2 Emissions Control Investigation on Flame Characteristics and Burner Operability Issues of Oxy-Fuel Combustion Project No.: DE-FE0002402 NETL has partnered with...

452

Experiments to investigate direct containment heating phenomena with scaled models of the Surry Nuclear Power Plant  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Containment Technology Test Facility (CTTF) and the Surtsey Test Facility at Sandia National Laboratories are used to perform scaled experiments that simulate High Pressure Melt Ejection accidents in a nuclear power plant (NPP). These experiments are designed to investigate the effects of direct containment heating (DCH) phenomena on the containment load. High-temperature, chemically reactive melt (thermite) is ejected by high-pressure steam into a scale model of a reactor cavity. Debris is entrained by the steam blowdown into a containment model where specific phenomena, such as the effect of subcompartment structures, prototypic air/steam/hydrogen atmospheres, and hydrogen generation and combustion, can be studied. Four Integral Effects Tests (IETs) have been performed with scale models of the Surry NPP to investigate DCH phenomena. The 1/61{sup th} scale Integral Effects Tests (IET-9, IET-10, and IET-11) were conducted in CTRF, which is a 1/6{sup th} scale model of the Surry reactor containment building (RCB). The 1/10{sup th} scale IET test (IET-12) was performed in the Surtsey vessel, which had been configured as a 1/10{sup th} scale Surry RCB. Scale models were constructed in each of the facilities of the Surry structures, including the reactor pressure vessel, reactor support skirt, control rod drive missile shield, biological shield wall, cavity, instrument tunnel, residual heat removal platform and heat exchangers, seal table room and seal table, operating deck, and crane wall. This report describes these experiments and gives the results.

Blanchat, T.K.; Allen, M.D.; Pilch, M.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Nichols, R.T. [Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Investigation of test methods, material properties, and processes for solar-cell encapsulants. Annual report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Potentially useful low cost encapsulation materials are evaluated. The goal of the program is to identify, evaluate, test, and recommend encapsulant materials and processes for the production of cost-effective, long life solar cell modules. Technical investigations have concerned the development of advanced cure chemistries for lamination type pottants, the continued evaluation of soil resistant surface treatments, and the results of an accelerated aging test program for the comparison of material stabilities. Experiments are underway to assess the durability and cost effectiveness of coatings for protection of steel. Investigations are continuing with commercial maintenance coatings based on fluorocarbon and silicone-alkyd chemistries. Experiments were conducted to determine the effectiveness of occlusive coatings for wood products such as hard-board. An experimental program continued to determine the usefulness of soil resistant coatings. Primers were evaluated for effectiveness in bonding candidate pottants to outer covers, glass and substate materials. A program of accelerated aging and life predictive strategies is being conducted and data are reported for sunlamp exposure and thermal aging. Supporting activities are also discussed briefly. (LEW)

Willis, P. B.; Baum, B.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Final work plan for targeted investigation at Hilton, Kansas.  

SciTech Connect

This Work Plan outlines the scope of a targeted investigation to update the status of carbon tetrachloride contamination in groundwater associated with grain storage operations at Hilton, Kansas. The Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC), an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), operated a grain storage facility in Hilton during the 1950s and 1960s. At the time of the CCC/USDA operation in Hilton, grain storage facilities (CCC/USDA and private) were located along the both sides of the former Union Pacific railroad tracks (Figure 1.1). The main grain storage structures were on or near the railroad right-of-way. The proposed targeted investigation, to be conducted by Argonne National Laboratory on the behalf of CCC/USDA, will supplement Argonne's Phase I and Phase II investigations in 1996-1997. The earlier investigations erroneously focused on an area east of the railroad property where the CCC/USDA did not operate, specifically on a private grain storage facility. In addition, the investigation was limited in scope, because access to railroad property was denied (Argonne 1997a,b). The hydrogeologic system at Hilton is potentially complex.

LaFreniere, L. M.; Environmental Science Division

2007-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

455

Applying a Modified Triad Approach to Investigate Wastewater lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Approximately 20 miles of wastewater lines are below grade at an active military Base. This piping network feeds or fed domestic or industrial wastewater treatment plants on the Base. Past wastewater line investigations indicated potential contaminant releases to soil and groundwater. Further environmental assessment was recommended to characterize the lines because of possible releases. A Remedial Investigation (RI) using random sampling or use of sampling points spaced at predetermined distances along the entire length of the wastewater lines, however, would be inefficient and cost prohibitive. To accomplish RI goals efficiently and within budget, a modified Triad approach was used to design a defensible sampling and analysis plan and perform the investigation. The RI task was successfully executed and resulted in a reduced fieldwork schedule, and sampling and analytical costs. Results indicated that no major releases occurred at the biased sampling points. It was reasonably extrapolated that since releases did not occur at the most likely locations, then the entire length of a particular wastewater line segment was unlikely to have contaminated soil or groundwater and was recommended for no further action. A determination of no further action was recommended for the majority of the waste lines after completing the investigation. The modified Triad approach was successful and a similar approach could be applied to investigate wastewater lines on other United States Department of Defense or Department of Energy facilities. (authors)

Pawlowicz, R.; Urizar, L. [Bechtel National, Inc., 1230 Columbia St., Suite 400, San Diego, CA 92101 (United States); Blanchard, S. [Brown and Caldwell, 9665 Chesapeake Drive, Suite 201, San Diego, CA 92123 (United States); Jacobsen, K. [Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Southwest 1220 Pacific Highway, San Diego, CA 92132 (United States); Scholfield, J. [EarthTech, 841 Bishop St., Suite 500, Honolulu, HI 96813 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Investigation of ecosystems impacts from geothermal development in Imperial Valley, California  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A summary of three years of field ecological investigation in Imperial Valley Environmental Program is presented. The potential terrestrial habitat impacts of geothermal development are discussed for shorebirds and waterfowl habitat, the endangered clapper rail, powerline corridors, noise effects, animal trace element burdens, and the desert community. Aquatic habitats are discussed in terms of Salton Sea salinity, effects of geothermal brine discharges to the Salton Sea, trace element baselines, and potential toxicity of brine spills in freshwater. Studies of impacts on agriculture involved brine movement in soil, release of trace metals, trace element baselines in soil and plants, water requirements of crops, and H{sub 2}S effects on crop production in the presence of CO{sub 2} and ozone.

Shinn, J.H.; Ireland, R.R.; Kercher, J.R.; Koranda, J.J.; Tompkins, G.A.

1979-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

457

NIST World Trade Center Investigation Team Calls for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The standards for estimating the load effects of ... prototype structures and estimating wind loads for tall ... spaces and higher threat profiles of particular ...

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

458

Investigation of "Sick" Residential and Workplace Buildings using...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the software are employed to minimize sources of bias, confounding, and effect modification. The data are analyzed in comparison to a control population using multivariate...

459

Kootenai River White Sturgeon Investigations, 1995 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study was designed to monitor and evaluate the effect of the augmented release of water above minimal flow by Libby Dam for white sturgeon spawning and recruitment.

Paragamian, Vaughn L.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Investigation of carbon residue from pyrolyzed scrap tires.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The objectives of this study are: (1) Blending the Conrad residue with coal-derived pitches and its effect on the pitch properties. (2) The activation of… (more)

Bandlamudi, Bhagat Chandra.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "investigate non-targeted effects" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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461

Investigation of the dog and mouse tissue archives using complementary...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1952 and 1991 beagle dog experiments were carried out and the effects of external irradiation with Cobalt-60 were the main focus of this study. Numerous different 'standard'...

462

An Investigation of Microstructure and HAZ Microfissuring of Cast ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bristol Aerospace Ltd., Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Abstract. The effect of microstructure on the HAZ of cast a.lloy 7 18 has been examined in this study.

463

Investigation of the Mechanisms of Air Electrode Delamination in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, High temperature steam electrolysis offers high efficiency and the potential for cost-effective and large scale production of hydrogen through the  ...

464

The Investigation of Minor Element Additions on Oxide Filtering and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

USA. Summary. Effects of minor element additions on filtering were studied ... demand. An understanding of the phenomena involved in the filtering process.

465

Theoretical Investigation on Interplay of Defect Clusters and Fission ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A prominent effect of the self-defect clusters in bulk matrix on the thermodynamic behavior of fission gases is found, a thermodynamic competition between the ...

466

Atomic Scale Investigation of Classical and Non-Classical Gamma ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Direct experimental atomic scale evidence for such a mechanism will be ... Thermo-Kinetic Computer Simulation of Precipitation and Age-Hardening Effect in ...

467

Atomic Scale Investigation on Precipitates in High Carbon Bearing ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3 Dimensional Atom Probe analyses show concentration and distribution of ... The Effects of Nb and V Microalloying on Hardenability and Age Hardening in ...

468

Investigation on the Heat Treatment Process of Forged Crank Throw ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

And, from the heat transfer analysis for several types of crank throws, cost effective heat treatment process could be established. Proceedings Inclusion?

469

EXPERIMENTAL AND NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION ON PYROELECTRIC ENERGY SCAVENGING.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Pyroelectric energy scavenging is the process of converting wasted energy from a system to power another one, based on the pyroelectric effect of piezoelectric materials.… (more)

Xie, Jingsi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations April 12, 2010 - 7:27pm Addthis The Department of Energy has issued one subpoena and two data requests to three companies in response to allegations that the companies are selling refrigerator-freezers that failed to meet federal energy efficiency standards. Under the subpoena, Arçelik A.S, a Turkish Company is required to submit detailed information about the design, marketing and U.S. sales of its Blomberg brand refrigerator-freezer, model "BRFB1450." The Department also requested testing data from Whirlpool Corporation and Viking Range Corporation for two refrigerator-freezers that the companies

471

DOE Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

into Energy Efficiency of Viking into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator DOE Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator November 9, 2010 - 7:30pm Addthis The Department of Energy has closed its investigation into the energy efficiency of Viking Range Corporation's refrigerator-freezer model VCSB542. The Department initiated this investigation in response to allegations that the model failed to meet federal energy efficiency standards. After reviewing data provided by Viking for this model, the Department issued a testing demand on June 16, 2010 and initially tested four units, one of which was defective and replaced by a fifth unit. The test results showed that two Viking units failed the federal energy standard for maximum energy use, while two passed. Because of the wide variation in the

472

A Preliminary Resistivity Investigation (Ves) Of The Langada Hot Springs  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Preliminary Resistivity Investigation (Ves) Of The Langada Hot Springs Preliminary Resistivity Investigation (Ves) Of The Langada Hot Springs Area In Northern Greece Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Preliminary Resistivity Investigation (Ves) Of The Langada Hot Springs Area In Northern Greece Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: In total 24 direct current resistivity soundings were carried out during the preliminary stages of a geothermal exploration survey of the Langada hot springs area (northern Greece). The analysis of the data revealed a horst-type morphology striking NW-SE. Correlation between the location of hot springs, successful drill holes and the basement (horst) indicates that the sector of geothermal interest is concentrated along the major axis of the horst mapped. The horst type geothermal structure fits in

473

Investigation of tearing instability phenomena in ASTM A106 steel  

SciTech Connect

An experimental investigation was performed to evaluate tearing instability theory by varying the applied tearing modulus, T/sub applied/, so that fracture instability would be initiated at various levels of stable crack extension. This is an extension of past investigations of tearing instability theory in that crack extension was monitored continuously using the dc potential drop technique, enabling the applied and material tearing moduli to be calculated at the point of instability. The results of this investigation indicate that, in most cases, fracture instability occurred when the difference between the applied and material tearing moduli was on the order of 10%. Variations in the load versus displacement records of the specimens near maximum load due to local instabilities and friction in the load train precluded measurement of a smooth applied tearing modulus curve.

Link, R.E.; Hays, R.A.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations April 12, 2010 - 7:27pm Addthis The Department of Energy has issued one subpoena and two data requests to three companies in response to allegations that the companies are selling refrigerator-freezers that failed to meet federal energy efficiency standards. Under the subpoena, Arçelik A.S, a Turkish Company is required to submit detailed information about the design, marketing and U.S. sales of its Blomberg brand refrigerator-freezer, model "BRFB1450." The Department also requested testing data from Whirlpool Corporation and Viking Range Corporation for two refrigerator-freezers that the companies

475

Geothermal investigations in Idaho. Part 1. Geochemistry and geologic  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

investigations in Idaho. Part 1. Geochemistry and geologic investigations in Idaho. Part 1. Geochemistry and geologic setting of selected thermal waters Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Geothermal investigations in Idaho. Part 1. Geochemistry and geologic setting of selected thermal waters Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: At least 380 hot springs and wells are known to occur throughout the central and southern parts of Idaho. One hundred twenty-four of these were inventoried as a part of the study reported on herein. At the spring vents and wells visited, the thermal waters flow from rocks ranging in age from Precambrian to Holocene and from a wide range of rock types-igneous, metamorphic, and both consolidated and unconsolidated sediments. Twenty-eight of the sites visited occur on or near fault zones while a

476

Structural investigations at the Coso geothermal area using remote sensing  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

investigations at the Coso geothermal area using remote sensing investigations at the Coso geothermal area using remote sensing information, Inyo County, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Structural investigations at the Coso geothermal area using remote sensing information, Inyo County, California Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Remote sensing studies have been made in and adjacent to the Coso geothermal field using TM FCC satellite imagery, 1:100,000 scale, US Geological Survey orthophotos, 1:24,OOO scale, and proprietary black-and-white photography by California Energy Company, Inc., at various scales including black-and-white positive film transparencies at a scale of 1:6,000. These studies have been made in an attempt to understand the complex geology seen on the surface and to try to improve the method of

477

House Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

House Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee House Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Energy and Commerce House Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Energy and Commerce April 20, 2007 - 12:36pm Addthis Statement of Secretary Samuel Bodman Chairman Stupak, Congressman Whitfield, and Members of the Subcommittee, I'm pleased to appear before you to discuss what I consider to be one of the most pressing management issues confronting the Department of Energy (DOE). Since coming to the Department, one of my top goals has been to institute a safer, more secure work environment across the DOE complex. And I have meant this to include physical safety and security as well as cyber security. I want to be absolutely clear here: the protection of sensitive information is essential to our ability to meet our mission as a

478

GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION CHEVRON GULF OF MEXICO GAS HYDRATES JIP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION CHEVRON GULF OF MEXICO GAS HYDRATES JIP BLOCKS 13 AND 14, ATWATER VALLEY AREA BLOCK 151, KEATHLEY CANYON AREA GULF OF MEXICO RESULTS OF CORE SAMPLE ANALYSIS, STANDARD AND ADVANCED LABORATORY TESTING Report No. 0201-5081 CHEVRON TEXACO ENERGY TECHNOLOGY COMPANY Houston, Texas FUGRO-McCLELLAND MARINE GEOSCIENCES, INC. P. O. Box 740010, Houston, Texas 77274, Phone: 713-369-5600, Fax: 713-369-5570 GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION CHEVRON GULF OF MEXICO GAS HYDRATES JIP BLOCKS 13 AND 14, ATWATER VALLEY AREA BLOCK 151, KEATHLEY CANYON AREA GULF OF MEXICO RESULTS OF CORE SAMPLE ANALYSIS, STANDARD AND ADVANCED LABORATORY TESTING REPORT NO. 0201-5081 Client: ChevronTexaco Energy Technology Company 1500 Louisiana St. Houston, Tx 77002

479

Chemical And Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal Faults In Utah Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Chemical And Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal Faults In Utah Details Activities (3) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Thermal springs associated with normal faults in Utah have been analyzed for major cations and anions, and oxygen and hydrogen isotopes. Springs with measured temperatures averaging greater than 40°C are characterized by Na + K- and SO4 + Cl-rich waters containing 103 to 104 mg/l of dissolved solids. Lower temperature springs, averaging less than 40°C, are more enriched in Ca + Mg relative to Na + K. Chemical variations monitored through time in selected thermal springs are probably produced by

480