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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inverse design cid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

NREL: Computational Science - Inverse Design  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Inverse Design Inverse Design The NREL Computational Science Center collaborates with the High Throughput and Inverse Band Structure (HT/IBS) Group within the Center for Inverse Design (CID) to research, design, and create materials with given target properties. The Center for Inverse Design is an Energy Frontier Research Center of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. To address a crucial scientific grand challenge, the Center is pursuing a new approach to material science. Rather than using the conventional direct approach ("Given the structure, find the electronic properties"), we are using a "materials by inverse design" approach ("Given the desired property, find the structure"). Illustration of a blue arrow pointing to a graphic with three curved lines that represent an electronic structure and blue arrow pointing to a red and blue balls that represent an atomic configuration.

2

Transformation inverse design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new technique for the design of transformation-optics devices based on large-scale optimization to achieve the optimal effective isotropic dielectric materials within prescribed index bounds, which is ...

Liu, David

3

Central Internet Database (CID) About the CID  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Home > About the CID Home > About the CID Central Internet Database CID Photo Banner About CID Overview Since its public release in 2000, the Central Internet Database (CID) has provided users with Department of Energy (DOE) waste management, cleanup, and facility information. The 2008 update of the CID is the first comprehensive update of the CID since its initial release. Several changes have been made in this new version of the CID. Most importantly the number and types of reports has been changed to reflect current DOE data collection. Also, in an effort to reduce redundancy with other DOE data reporting systems, the CID now directs users to other systems for radioactive waste information. Users will still be able to access the more detailed radioactive waste and contaminated media data previously featured in the CID by using the Archived Reports menu.

4

CID Standard Reports  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

CID Reports > Standard CID Reports > Standard Reports Central Internet Database CID Photo Banner Standard Reports Radioactive Waste WIMS-1: WASTE STREAM DISPOSITION FORECAST REPORT Adobe PDF Document Detailed waste stream disposition report by reporting site and disposition site that provides forecasted waste disposition volumes. Go directly to WIMS Exit CID Website to generate custom reports. Although WIMS Exit CID Website is a public site you will need to register and provide contact information the first time you enter WIMS Exit CID Website . Contaminated Groundwater GW-1: CONTAMINATED GROUNDWATER REPORTS A link to the DOE Groundwater Database web site. This site provides detailed information about groundwater plumes at DOE sites. Information includes contaminants, hydrogeology, and cleanup technologies.

5

Central Internet Database (CID)  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

RADCM-13 Reports Central Internet Database CID Photo Banner RADCM-13 Archived Reports By State California Adobe PDF Document Colorado Adobe PDF Document Idaho Adobe PDF Document...

6

Central Internet Database (CID)  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

CID Reports > Archived CID Reports > Archived Reports Central Internet Database CID Photo Banner Archived Reports The reports in the Archived Reports section of the CID are based on the FY 2001 EM Corporate Database (except the Buried TRU Report). The EM Corporate database stores information on radioactive waste, contaminated media, and spent nuclear fuel by identifying "streams" of material. A "stream" is defined as a group of materials, media, or waste having similar origins or management requirements. Radioactive waste, contaminated media, or spent nuclear fuel may be part of more than one "stream" from the time it is generated to the time it is permanently disposed, depending on the physical location or the management activity it is undergoing. The CID retains the "stream" concept as part of its data structure.

7

Central Internet Database (CID) Home  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Banner Welcome to the updated Central Internet Database (CID) The CID is a gateway to waste management and facility information from current and archived Department of Energy...

8

Designing Optimal Spectral Filters for Inverse Problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spectral filtering suppresses the amplification of errors when computing solutions to ill-posed inverse problems; however, selecting good regularization parameters is often expensive. In many applications, data are available from calibration experiments. ... Keywords: Bayes risk, Bayesian risk, Tikhonov, Wiener filter, empirical risk, filtering, ill-posed problem, image deblurring, machine learning, optimal design, optimal filtering, regularization, singular value decomposition, stochastic programming

Julianne Chung; Matthias Chung; Dianne P. O'Leary

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Central Internet Database (CID) Reports  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Home > CID Reports Home > CID Reports Central Internet Database CID Photo Banner Reports The CID offers a choice of standard and archived reports. Standard reports are based on the most recently available DOE data related to the information requirements specified in the Settlement Agreement. Report categories include: Radioactive Waste Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste Facilities Non-Radioactive Hazardous Waste Toxic Release Inventory Waste The standard reports menu includes reports generated directly by the CID and reports generated by other systems. The CID generated reports allow users to select criteria to customize the report output. For the most current radioactive waste reports, CID users are directed to the Waste Information Management System (WIMS) Exit CID Website . WIMS provides radioactive waste disposition reports and disposition maps. While WIMS is a public site, you need to register and provide contact information the first time you enter WIMS.

10

Inverse Design: Playing "Jeopardy" in Materials Science (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'Inverse Design: Playing 'Jeopardy' in Materials Science' was submitted by the Center for Inverse Design (CID) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CID, an EFRC directed by Bill Tumas at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from five institutions: NREL (lead), Northwestern University, University of Colorado, Stanford University, and Oregon State University. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Inverse Design is 'to replace trial-and-error methods used in the development of materials for solar energy conversion with an inverse design approach powered by theory and computation.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, metamaterial, defects, spin dynamics, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, and defect tolerant materials.

Alex Zunger (former Director, Center for Inverse Design); Tumas, Bill (Director, Center for Inverse Design); CID Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Integrated Forward Simulation and Inverse Design of Materials - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 18, 2007 ... Topic Title: Webcast: Integrated Forward Simulation and Inverse Design of ... Industry/University Cooperative Research Center for Computational ... (Materials Computation and Simulation Environment) project at PSU and the...

12

Central Internet Database (CID) PEIS Settlement Information  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

About the CID > PEIS About the CID > PEIS Settlement Agreement Information Requirements Central Internet Database CID Photo Banner PEIS Settlement Agreement Information Requirements Information Categories: Contaminated environmental media, contaminated facilities, and waste managed by the DOE Environmental Management (EM) program Contaminated facilities and waste generated or managed by the DOE Offices of Defense Programs (DP) Exit CID Website , Science (SC) Exit CID Website , and Nuclear Energy (NE) Exit CID Website . DOE-managed domestic/foreign research reactor spent nuclear fuel (spent fuel from commercial reactors is excluded ). Sites governed by Section 151(b) of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act (NWPA)* Adobe PDF Document Exit CID Website , as amended, upon the transfer of those sites to DOE ownership.

13

CID  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Outreach Activities Business Development Information Management Environmental Safety & Health Facilities Management Maintenance - Facilities Maintenance - General Utilities...

14

Central Internet Database (CID) Glossary  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Glossary Glossary Central Internet Database CID Photo Banner Glossary # | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z # 11e(2) Byproduct Material Tailings or waste produced by the extraction or concentration of uranium or thorium from any ore processed primarily for its source material (i.e., uranium or thorium) content. This excludes underground ores depleted by uranium solution extraction operations (in situ leaching) that continue to remain underground. 11e(2) byproduct material is defined by law under Section 11e(2) of the Atomic Energy Act as amended by Title II of the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978. A Active Facility A facility that is being used to conduct DOE missions and has not yet been transferred to the Office of Environmental Management (EM) for management and/or cleanup.

15

CID | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

CID Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications Contact BES Home Centers CID Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds...

16

Central Internet Database (CID) Contact Us  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Contact Us Central Internet Database CID Photo Banner Contact Us DOE Contact: Doug Tonkay Phone: (301) 903-7212 Email: douglas.tonkay@em.doe.gov Last ReviewedUpdated 3252011...

17

Central Internet Database (CID) Related Links  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Related Links Related Links Central Internet Database CID Photo Banner Links to Waste and Materials Disposition Information Below is a collection of reports and links to various documents that provide information related to waste and material disposition. While most of these are directly related to the Department of Energy's waste management activities, some links include information from the commercial sector. Some of the information provides an historical context for current waste disposition alternatives. To view PDF documents, please ensure Adobe Reader is installed on your computer, it is available to download here Exit CID Website . Waste Volume Related Databases For DOE/EM waste and material stream data: Waste Information Management System (WIMS) provided by Florida International University Exit CID Website

18

Integrating Forward Simulation and Inverse Design of Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TMS Student Member price: 79.00. Product In Stock. Description Presented by: Zi -Kui Liu, Director Center for Computational Materials Design, The Pennsylvania...

19

Photonic Design: From Fundamental Solar Cell Physics to Computational Inverse Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Photonic innovation is becoming ever more important in the modern world. Optical systems are dominating shorter and shorter communications distances, LED's are rapidly emerging for a variety of applications, and solar cells show potential to be a mainstream technology in the energy space. The need for novel, energy-efficient photonic and optoelectronic devices will only increase. This work unites fundamental physics and a novel computational inverse design approach towards such innovation. The first half of the dissertation is devoted to the physics of high-efficiency solar cells. As solar cells approach fundamental efficiency limits, their internal physics transforms. Photonic considerations, instead of electronic ones, are the key to reaching the highest voltages and efficiencies. Proper photon management led to Alta Device's recent dramatic increase of the solar cell efficiency record to 28.3%. Moreover, approaching the Shockley-Queisser limit for any solar cell technology will require light extraction to ...

Miller, Owen D

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Practical use of three-dimensional inverse method for compressor blade design  

SciTech Connect

The practical utility of a three-dimensional inverse viscous method is demonstrated by carrying out a design modification of a first-stage rotor in an industrial compressor. In this design modification study, the goal is to improve the efficiency of the original blade while retaining its overall aerodynamic, structural, and manufacturing characteristics. By employing a simple modification to the blade pressure loading distribution (which is the prescribed flow quantity in this inverse method), the modified blade geometry is predicted to perform better than the original design over a wide range of operating points, including an improvement in choke margin.

Damle, S.; Dang, T. [Syracuse Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Mechanical, Aerospace and Mfg. Engineering; Stringham, J.; Razinsky, E. [Solar Turbines, Inc., San Diego, CA (United States)

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inverse design cid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Advanced 3D inverse method for designing turbomachine blades  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To meet the goal of 60% plant-cycle efficiency or better set in the ATS Program for baseload utility scale power generation, several critical technologies need to be developed. One such need is the improvement of component efficiencies. This work addresses the issue of improving the performance of turbo-machine components in gas turbines through the development of an advanced three-dimensional and viscous blade design system. This technology is needed to replace some elements in current design systems that are based on outdated technology.

Dang, T. [Syracuse Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Mechanical/Aerospace/Manufacturing Engineering

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

22

Designing cyclic pressure pulsing in naturally fractured reservoirs using an inverse looking recurrent neural network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, an inverse looking approach is presented to efficiently design cyclic pressure pulsing (huff 'n' puff) with N"2 and CO"2, which is an effective improved oil recovery method in naturally fractured reservoirs. A numerical flow simulation ... Keywords: Big Andy Field, CO2, Cyclic pressure pulsing, Huff 'n' puff, N2, Recurrent neural networks

E. Artun; T. Ertekin; R. Watson; B. Miller

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Central Internet Database (CID) Data Dictionary  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Archived Data Dictionary Archived Data Dictionary Central Internet Database CID Photo Banner Archived Data Dictionary A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z Data Element Name Definition A Annual Stream Disposition Quantity* EM Corp - The quantity of material or waste dispositioned for the stream during a specified year or range of years. Annual Stream Inventory Quantity* EM Corp - The amount of waste, media or SNF in the stream that is or will be stored as of a particular year or range of years. Annual Stream Source Quantity* EM Corp - The amount of waste, media or SNF in the stream that is or will be generated new, generated as process outputs (secondary), or added through a receipt from another DOE or non-DOE site, in a particular year or range of years.

24

Central Internet Database (CID) Data Dictionary  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Data Dictionary Data Dictionary Central Internet Database CID Photo Banner Data Dictionary A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z Data Element Name Definition A Annual Disposition WIMS - Planned disposition quantity (total volume of container, as disposed, in m3) reported for each year: FY08 through FY50. B C Chemical Name TRI - (Form R - Part II - Section 1.2) The name of the toxic chemical that has been released and/or transferred during the reporting year. Listed toxic chemicals are those chemicals on the list in Committee Print Number 99-169 of the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works, titled "Toxic Chemicals Subject to Section 313 of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act of 1986" (42 U.S.C. 11023). Currently, there are over 600 toxic chemicals included on the list subject to reporting.

25

CID Gas Recovery Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CID Gas Recovery Biomass Facility CID Gas Recovery Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name CID Gas Recovery Biomass Facility Facility CID Gas Recovery Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Cook County, Illinois Coordinates 41.7376587°, -87.697554° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.7376587,"lon":-87.697554,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

26

Design of semiconductor heterostructures with preset electron reflectance by inverse scattering techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the application of the inverse scattering method to the design of semiconductor heterostructures having a preset dependence of the (conduction) electrons' reflectance on the energy. The electron dynamics are described by either the effective mass Schr\\"odinger, or by the (variable mass) BenDaniel and Duke equations. The problem of phase (re)construction for the complex transmission and reflection coefficients is solved by a combination of Pad\\'e approximant techniques, obtaining reference solutions with simple analytic properties. Reflectance-preserving transformations allow bound state and reflection resonance management. The inverse scattering problem for the Schroedinger equation is solved using an algebraic approach due to Sabatier. This solution can be mapped unitarily onto a family of BenDaniel and Duke type equations. The boundary value problem for the nonlinear equation which determines the mapping is discussed in some detail. The chemical concentration profile of heterostructures whose self consistent potential yields the desired reflectance is solved completely in the case of Schroedinger dynamics and approximately for Ben-Daniel and Duke dynamics. The Appendix contains a brief digest of results from scattering and inverse scattering theory for the one-dimensional Schroedinger equation which are used in the paper.

Daniel Bessis; G. Andrei Mezincescu

1999-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

27

Inverse optimal design of the radiant heating in materials processing and manufacturing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Combined convective, conductive, and radiative heat transfer is analyzed during heating of a continuously moving load in the industrial radiant oven. A transient, quasi-three-dimensional model of heat transfer between a continuous load of parts moving inside an oven on a conveyor belt at a constant speed and an array of radiant heaters/burners placed inside the furnace enclosure is developed. The model accounts for radiative exchange between the heaters and the load, the conduction in the load, and convective heat transfer between the moving load and oven environment. The thermal model developed has been used to construct a general framework for an inverse optimal design of an industrial oven as an example. In particular, the procedure based on the Levenberg-Marquardt nonlinear least squares optimization algorithm has been developed to obtain the optimal temperatures of the heaters/burners that need to be specified to achieve a prescribed temperature distribution of the surface of a load. The results of calculations for several sample cases are reported to illustrate the capabilities of the procedure developed for the optimal inverse design of an industrial radiant oven.

Fedorov, A.G.; Lee, K.H.; Viskanta, R. [Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)] [Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Adaptive fuzzy model based inverse controller design using BB-BC optimization algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of inverse system model as a controller might be an efficient way in controlling non-linear systems. It is also a known fact that fuzzy logic modeling is a powerful tool in representing nonlinear systems. Therefore, inverse fuzzy model can be ... Keywords: Big Bang-Big Crunch optimization, Fuzzy logic controller, Fuzzy model inversion, Heat transfer process, Inverse model based control, pH process

Tufan Kumbasar; Ibrahim Eksin; Mujde Guzelkaya; Engin Yesil

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Appearance, temperature, and NO{sub x} emission of two inverse diffusion flames with different port design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments were carried out to investigate the appearance, temperature distribution, and NO{sub x} emission index of two inverse diffusion flames, one with circumferentially arranged ports (CAPs) and the other with co-axial (CoA) jets, both burning LPG with 70% butane and 30% propane. Flame appearances were investigated first with a fixed fueling rate at different airflow rates equivalent to air jet Reynolds numbers (Re) of 1000 to 4500; and then at a fixed airflow rate with different fueling rates equivalent to overall equivalence ratios (F) of 1.0 to 2.0. The CAP flame is found to consist of two zones: a lower entrainment zone and an upper mixing and combustion zone. The CoA flame in most cases is similar to a diffusion flame. The two-zone structure can be observed only at Re larger than 2500. The temperature distributions of the flames are similar at overall equivalence ratios of 1.0 and 1.2 for Re=2500, except that the corresponding CoA flame is longer. The flame temperature is higher in the CAP flame than the CoA flame at higher overall equivalence ratios. A measurement of centerline oxygen concentrations shows that the oxygen concentration reaches a minimum value at a flame height of 50 mm in the CAP flame but decreases more gradually in the CoA flame. It can be concluded that there is more intense air-fuel mixing in a CAP flame than the CoA flame. Investigation of the emission index of NO{sub x} (EINO{sub x}) for both flames at Re=2500 and overall equivalence ratios of 1.0 to 6.0 reveals that the EINO{sub x} curve of each flame is bell-shaped, with a maximum value of 3.2 g/kg at F=1.2 for the CAP flame and 3 g/kg at F=2.2 for the CoA flame.

Sze, L.K.; Cheung, C.S.; Leung, C.W. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong (China)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

A budget of inversions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two problems of inversion are considered. First are the inverses in a stand ard circle of curves based on two fixed points, i.e., Circles of Apollonius, Conic Sections and Ovals of Cassini; then the inverses of lines not passing through the center of ... Keywords: Circles of Apollonius, City block metric, Conies, Inversion, Ovals of Cassini

J. A. Nickel

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

The inverse crime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The inverse crime occurs when the same (or very nearly the same) theoretical ingredients are employed to synthesize as well as to invert data in an inverse problem. This act has been qualified as trivial and therefore to be avoided by Colton and Kress.

Armand Wirgin

2004-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

32

Inverse Problems in Heat Transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This chapter presents a stochastic modeling and statistical inference approach to the solution of inverse problems in thermal transport systems. Of particular interest is the inverse heat conduction problem (IHCP) of estimating an unknown boundary heat flux in a conducting solid given temperature data within the domain. Even though deterministic sequential and whole time domain estimation methods have been applied with success over the years for the solution of such problems, we herein introduce stochastic approaches to representing and solving the IHCP. As most engineering systems and processes operate in an uncertain environment, it becomes increasingly important to address their analysis and inverse design in a stochastic manner using statistical data-driven prior and concurrent information on the system response. Recent advances in spectral stochastic modeling, computational Bayesian and spatial statistics enable complete and e#cient solution procedures to such problems. Two distinct approaches to the IHCP are presented in this chapter one based on spectral stochastic modeling and the other on Bayesian inference. Although these techniques are discussed in the context of the IHCP, the methodologies presented are general and applicable to design and estimation problems in other more complex problems in thermal transport systems including problems in the presence of convection, radiation and conduction. 1

Nicholas Zabaras

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Piecewise Potential Vorticity Inversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The treatment of the potential vorticity (PV) distribution as a composite of individual perturbations is central to the diagnostic and conceptual utility of PV. Nonlinearity in the inversion operator for Ertel's potential vorticity renders ...

Christopher A. Davis

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

The Magnetotelluric Inverse Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

15721592. Banks, R. , 1969: Geomagnetic variations and theThe inverse problem in geomagnetic induction. Z. Geophys. ,sound inferences from geomagnetic sounding, doi:10.1016/j.

Medin, Ashley E

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

The magnetotelluric inverse problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

15721592. Banks, R. , 1969: Geomagnetic variations and theThe inverse problem in geomagnetic induction. Z. Geophys. ,sound inferences from geomagnetic sounding, doi:10.1016/j.

Medin, Ashley E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Inverse Lighting for Photography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a technique for improving photographs using inverse lighting, a new process based on algorithms developed in computer graphics for computing the reflection of light in 3D space. From a photograph and a 3D surface model for the object pictured, inverse lighting estimates the directional distribution of the incident light. We then use this information to process the photograph digitally to alter the lighting on the object. Inverse lighting is a specific example of the general idea of inverse rendering. This refers to the practice of using the methods of computer graphics, which normally are used to render images from scene information, to infer scene information from images. Our system uses physically based rendering technology to construct a linear least squares system that we solve to find the lighting. As an application, the results are then used to simulate a change in the incident light in the photograph. An implementation is described that uses 3D models from a laser...

Stephen R. Marschner; Donald P. Greenberg

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Generalized Inverse Seesaws  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The seesaw mechanism can be generalized to a Type-III variant and a quintuplet variant. We present two models that provide analogous generalizations of the inverse seesaw mechanism. The first model employs a fermion triplet F ~ (1,3,0) and requires no additional multiplets or parameters relative to the standard inverse seesaw. We argue that, from a bottom-up perspective, there appears to be no particular reason to preference the usual scenario over this variant. The second model employs a fermion quintuplet F ~ (1,5,0) and requires an additional scalar S ~ (1,4,1). We also show that minimal inverse seesaws with even larger fermionic representations are not expected to realize naturally small neutrino masses.

Law, Sandy S C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Generalized Inverse Seesaws  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The seesaw mechanism can be generalized to a Type-III variant and a quintuplet variant. We present two models that provide analogous generalizations of the inverse seesaw mechanism. The first model employs a fermion triplet F ~ (1,3,0) and requires no additional multiplets or parameters relative to the standard inverse seesaw. We argue that, from a bottom-up perspective, there appears to be no particular reason to preference the usual scenario over this variant. The second model employs a fermion quintuplet F ~ (1,5,0) and requires an additional scalar S ~ (1,4,1). We also show that minimal inverse seesaws with even larger fermionic representations are not expected to realize naturally small neutrino masses.

Sandy S. C. Law; Kristian L. McDonald

2013-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

39

Why inverse document frequency?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inverse Document Frequency (IDF) is a popular measure of a word's importance. The IDF invariably appears in a host of heuristic measures used in information retrieval. However, so far the IDF has itself been a heuristic. In this paper, we show IDF to ...

Kishore Papineni

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Performance characteristics of automotive engines in the United States. Second Series, Report No. 2: 1976 Chevrolet, 305 CID (5. 0 liters), 2V. Interim report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Experimental data were obtained in dynamometer tests of a 1976 Chevrolet 305-CID V-8 engine to determine fuel consumption and emissions (hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen) at steady-state engine-operating modes. The objective of the program is to obtain engine-performance data for estimating emissions and fuel economy for varied engine service and duty. The intent of the work is to provide basic engine characteristic data required as input for engineering calculations involving ground transportation.

Chamberlain, T.W.; Koehler, D.E.; Stamper, K.R.; Marshall, W.F.

1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inverse design cid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

A Bernoulli Inverse Method for Determining the Ocean Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new inverse method for finding the large-scale ocean circulation is described. Unlike most previous methods it uses no horizontal gradient information, and is designed for widely spaced data. The method assumes that density, (linear) potential ...

Peter D. Killworth

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Efficient scalable VLSI architecture for Montgomery inversion in GF(p)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The multiplicative inversion operation is a fundamental computation in several cryptographic applications. In this work, we propose a scalable VLSI hardware to compute the Montgomery modular inverse in GF(p). We suggest a new correction phase ... Keywords: Montgomery inverse, elliptic curve cryptography, scalable hardware design

Adnan Abdul-Aziz Gutub; Alexandre Ferreira Tenca

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Inverse Fusion PCR Cloning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inverse fusion PCR cloning (IFPC) is an easy, PCR based three-step cloning method that allows the seamless and directional insertion of PCR products into virtually all plasmids, this with a free choice of the insertion site. The PCR-derived inserts contain a vector-complementary 59-end that allows a fusion with the vector by an overlap extension PCR, and the resulting amplified insert-vector fusions are then circularized by ligation prior transformation. A minimal amount of starting material is needed and experimental steps are reduced. Untreated circular plasmid, or alternatively bacteria containing the plasmid, can be used as templates for the insertion, and clean-up of the insert fragment is not urgently required. The whole cloning procedure can be performed within a minimal hands-on time and results in the generation of hundreds to ten-thousands of positive colonies, with a minimal background.

Markus Spiliotis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Inverse problem for Bremsstrahlung radiation  

SciTech Connect

For certain predominantly one-dimensional distribution functions, an analytic inversion has been found which yields the velocity distribution of superthermal electrons given their Bremsstrahlung radiation. 5 refs.

Voss, K.E.; Fisch, N.J.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Starter systems designed for efficient air/gas comsumption  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines engine starting systems designed by Pow-R-Quik. Pow-R-Quik's most recent product line includes several models that are designed to start most diesel and natural gas engines. Pow-R-Quick also offers air starting systems for a wide range of gas turbine applications. The model DS16, air or gas starter, is designed for engines with a displacement up to 500 cid diesel and up to 1000 cid natural gas. The DS60 model is also an air or gas operated starter with specially designed heavy duty bearings for maximum performance. To prove out starter durability and performance, Pow-R-Quik has installed three fully instrumented diesel engine test cells. The number of starts that can be achieved ranges from zero to 99,000. The system can be set to regulate the air for low or high pressure starts, control the lubricant, etc.

Not Available

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Do Box Inverse Models Work?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performance of a box inverse model is tested using output from a near-eddy-resolving numerical model. Conservation equations are written in isopycnal layers for three properties: mass, heat, and salt anomaly. If the equations are free of ...

Peter C. McIntosh; Stephen R. Rintoul

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Refactoring Composite to Visitor and Inverse Transformation in Java  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe how to use refactoring tools to transform a Java program conforming to the Composite design pattern into a program conforming to the Visitor design pattern with the same external behavior. We also describe the inverse transformation. We use the refactoring tools provided by IntelliJ IDEA and Eclipse.

Ajouli, Akram

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Design  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Design Design of a Multithreaded Barnes-Hut Algorithm for Multicore Clusters Technical Report Junchao Zhang and Babak Behzad Department of Computer Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign {jczhang, bbehza2}@illinois.edu Marc Snir Department of Computer Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and MCS Division, Argonne National Laboratory snir@anl.gov Abstract We describe in this paper an implementation of the Barnes-Hut al- gorithm on multicore clusters. Based on a partitioned global ad- dress space (PGAS) library, the design integrates intranode mul- tithreading and internode one-sided communication, exemplifying a PGAS + X programming style. Within a node, the computation is decomposed into tasks (subtasks), and multitasking is used to hide network latency. We study the tradeoffs between locality in private caches and locality in shared caches

49

Multiphase inverse modeling: An Overview  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Inverse modeling is a technique to derive model-related parameters from a variety of observations made on hydrogeologic systems, from small-scale laboratory experiments to field tests to long-term geothermal reservoir responses. If properly chosen, these observations contain information about the system behavior that is relevant to the performance of a geothermal field. Estimating model-related parameters and reducing their uncertainty is an important step in model development, because errors in the parameters constitute a major source of prediction errors. This paper contains an overview of inverse modeling applications using the ITOUGH2 code, demonstrating the possibilities and limitations of a formalized approach to the parameter estimation problem.

Finsterle, S.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Inverse scattering problem with isobars  

SciTech Connect

The inverse scattering problem is solved for a covariant, isobar-dominated scattering amplitude (including inelasticity). Application is made to the ..pi..N P/sub 33/ channel, with the ..pi..N ..delta.. vertex function and isobar bare mass as results.

Londergan, J.T.; Moniz, E.J.

1977-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Stress inversion using slip tendency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The in situ stress state is an important controlling factor for the slip behavior of faults and fractures in the earth's crust and hence for the productivity of faulted and fractured hydrocarbon reservoirs. Current methods for stress tensor estimation ... Keywords: Slip tendency, Stress inversion, Stress tensor, Structural geology

John M. McFarland; Alan P. Morris; David A. Ferrill

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Molecular pulses: Population inversion with positively chirped short pulses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular pulses: Population inversion with positively chirped short pulses Jianshu Cao of molecular systems can be achieved with intense positively chirped broadband laser pulses. To provide and a four-level model is designed to demonstrate for molecular systems the correlation between the sign

Cao, Jianshu

53

Optimal Design of Electrical Machines: Mathematical Programming ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the same problem of the design of an electrical machine without slot. ... tion, inverse problem, design, electrical machine ..... trade-off situation arises.

54

ANALYSIS OF SULFONATES IN AQUEOUS SAMPLES BY ION-PAIR LC/ESI-MS/MS WITH IN-SOURCE CID FOR ADDUCT PEAK ELIMINATION  

SciTech Connect

Determination of low-molecular-weight organic sulfonates (e.g. taurine and cysteic acid) in aqueous solutions is important in many applications of biological, environmental and pharmaceutical sciences. These compounds are difficult to be determined by commonly used reversed-phase liquid chromatographic separation combined with UV-Visible detection because of their high solubility and the lack chromophoric moieties. Here the authors report a method combining ion-pair liquid chromatography and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (IPLC/ESI-MS/MS)for determining sulfonates. The ability of low-molecular-weight sulfonates to form ion-pairs with quaternary ammonium cations in aqueous solutions allowed LC separation with a C{sub 18} column. Detection of the sulfonates was accomplished with ESI-MS that lends a universal mode of mass detection for polar, water soluble compounds. An in-source collision induced dissociation (CID) was applied to eliminate the adduct peaks in mass spectra. Characteristic marker ions showed in the second stage mass spectra lent a method for identifying sulfonates.

OUYANG,S.; VAIRAVAMURTHY,M.A.

1999-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

55

Development of an adaptive fuzzy logic-based inverse dynamic model for laser cladding process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The precision, performance, and robustness of model-based controllers depend, to a large extent, on the accuracy of the inverse dynamic model which is incorporated in the design of the controller. Due to complex nature of the laser cladding process and ... Keywords: Adaptive fuzzy modelling, Fuzzy c-means clustering, Inverse dynamic, Laser cladding

Meysar Zeinali; Amir Khajepour

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Temperature Inversions in the Subarctic North Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrographic data from the World Ocean Database 2001 and Argo profiling floats were analyzed to study temperature inversions in the subarctic North Pacific Ocean. The frequency distribution of temperature inversions [F(t-inv)] at a resolution of ...

Hiromichi Ueno; Ichiro Yasuda

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

The inversion algorithm for digital simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The inversion algorithm is an event-driven algorithm, whose performance rivals or exceeds that of levelized compiled code simulation, even at activity rates of 50% or more. The inversion algorithm has several unique features, the most remarkable of which ...

P. M. Maurer

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Generalized inversion and theory of agree  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis I examine some of the fundamental questions surrounding inversion structures. I first provide an analysis of Locative Inversion. I show that the mixed A- and A- syntactic behavior of the fronted PP in English ...

Wu, Hsiao-hung Iris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Numerical Transform Inversion Using Gaussian Quadrature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical inversion of Laplace transforms is a powerful tool in computational probability. It greatly enhances the applicability of stochastic models in many fields. In this article we present a simple Laplace transform inversion algorithm that can compute ...

Peter Den Iseger

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Theoretical analysis of inverse weibull distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study we present the theoretical analysis of Inverse weibull distribution. This paper presents the flexibility of the Inverse weibull distribution that approaches to different distributions. Here we compare the relevant parameters such as shape, ... Keywords: graphically analysis, inverse weibull distribution, simulation analysis

M. Shuaib Khan; G. R. Pasha; Ahmed Hesham Pasha

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inverse design cid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Three-Dimensional Inversion of Magnetotelluric Data on a PC,...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

additional parameters solved in the inversion. Initial inversion results for the Coso data set qualitatively resemble previous models from 2-D inversion stitches and from massively...

62

Statistical Inference in Inverse Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inverse problems have gained popularity in statistical research recently. This dissertation consists of two statistical inverse problems: a Bayesian approach to detection of small low emission sources on a large random background, and parameter estimation methods for partial differential equation (PDE) models. Source detection problem arises, for instance, in some homeland security applications. We address the problem of detecting presence and location of a small low emission source inside an object, when the background noise dominates. The goal is to reach the signal-to-noise ratio levels on the order of 10^-3. We develop a Bayesian approach to this problem in two-dimension. The method allows inference not only about the existence of the source, but also about its location. We derive Bayes factors for model selection and estimation of location based on Markov chain Monte Carlo simulation. A simulation study shows that with sufficiently high total emission level, our method can effectively locate the source. Differential equation (DE) models are widely used to model dynamic processes in many fields. The forward problem of solving equations for given parameters that define the DEs has been extensively studied in the past. However, the inverse problem of estimating parameters based on observed state variables is relatively sparse in the statistical literature, and this is especially the case for PDE models. We propose two joint modeling schemes to solve for constant parameters in PDEs: a parameter cascading method and a Bayesian treatment. In both methods, the unknown functions are expressed via basis function expansion. For the parameter cascading method, we develop the algorithm to estimate the parameters and derive a sandwich estimator of the covariance matrix. For the Bayesian method, we develop the joint model for data and the PDE, and describe how the Markov chain Monte Carlo technique is employed to make posterior inference. A straightforward two-stage method is to first fit the data and then to estimate parameters by the least square principle. The three approaches are illustrated using simulated examples and compared via simulation studies. Simulation results show that the proposed methods outperform the two-stage method.

Xun, Xiaolei

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Laser Extinction in Laminar Inverse Diffusion Flames  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diagnostics, Chapter 9: Laser-Induced Incandescence,Laser Extinction in Laminar Inverse Diffusion Flames WesternFoundation, Arlington, VA Laser Extinction in Laminar

Macko, Kevin; Mikofski, Mark A; Fernandez-Pello, Carlos; Blevins, Linda G; Davis, Ronald W.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Approximation of Bayesian Inverse Problems for PDEs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inverse problems are often ill posed, with solutions that depend sensitively on data. In any numerical approach to the solution of such problems, regularization of some form is needed to counteract the resulting instability. This paper is based on an ... Keywords: Bayesian, Markov chain-Monte Carlo, Stokes flow, data assimilation, inverse problem

S. L. Cotter; M. Dashti; A. M. Stuart

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Department of Mathematics Analysis Inverse Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

McLaughlin In this talk we report the application of level-set techniques for reservoir facies for data inversion in reservoir modeling, Inverse Problems, 25 (2009), 035006. [4] M. A. Iglesias and D. McLaughlin.40­14.05 Anastasia Cornelio (Modena, Italy) Regularized Nonlinear Least Squares Methods for Hit Position

Hofmann, Bernd

66

Positive and inverse isotope effect on superconductivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article improves the BCS theory to include the inverse isotope effect on superconductivity. An affective model can be deduced from the model including electron-phonon interactions, and the phonon-induced attraction is simply and clearly explained on the electron Green function. The focus of this work is on how the positive or inverse isotope effect occurs in superconductors.

Tian De Cao

2009-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

67

Inverse Raman effect: applications and detection techniques  

SciTech Connect

The processes underlying the inverse Raman effect are qualitatively described by comparing it to the more familiar phenomena of conventional and stimulated Raman scattering. An experession is derived for the inverse Raman absorption coefficient, and its relationship to the stimulated Raman gain is obtained. The power requirements of the two fields are examined qualitatively and quantitatively. The assumption that the inverse Raman absorption coefficient is constant over the interaction length is examined. Advantages of the technique are discussed and a brief survey of reported studies is presented.

Hughes, L.J. Jr.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Inverse hyperbolic problems and optical black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we give a more geometrical formulation of the main theorem in [E1] on the inverse problem for the second order hyperbolic equation of general form with coefficients independent of the time variable. We apply this theorem to the inverse problem for the equation of the propagation of light in a moving medium (the Gordon equation). Then we study the existence of black and white holes for the general hyperbolic and for the Gordon equation and we discuss the impact of this phenomenon on the inverse problems.

Gregory Eskin

2008-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

69

Inversion-free, noiseless Raman echoes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using double optical Raman rephasing, an inversion-free resonant Raman echo is studied in an inhomogeneously broadened spin ensemble of a solid medium, where the Raman optical field-excited spin coherence has a frozen propagation vector. Unlike photon echoes whose quantum memory application is strictly limited due to \\pi rephasing pulse-induced population inversion causing quantum noises, the optical Raman field-excited spin echo is inherently silent owing to the frozen propagation vector. Thus, the doubly rephased Raman echo can be directly applied for quantum interface in a population inversion-free environment.

Byoung S. Ham

2011-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

70

The distribution of inversion lengths in bacteria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The distribution of the lengths of genomic segments inverted during the evolutionary divergence of two species cannot be inferred directly from the output of genome rearrangement algorithms, due to the rapid loss of signal from all but the shortest inversions. ...

David Sankoff; Jean-Franois Lefebvre; Elisabeth Tillier; Adrian Maler; Nadia El-Mabrouk

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Instrumentation and algorithms for electrostatic inverse problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes tracking objects with low-level electric fields. A physical model is presented that describes the important interactions and the required mathematical inversions. Sophisticated hardware used to perform ...

Strachan, John Paul, 1978-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Efficient Inverse Modeling of Barotropic Ocean Tides  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A computationally efficient relocatable system for generalized inverse (GI) modeling of barotropic ocean tides is described. The GI penalty functional is minimized using a representer method, which requires repeated solution of the forward and ...

Gary D. Egbert; Svetlana Y. Erofeeva

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Potential Vorticity Inversion on a Hemisphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several different kinds of accurate potential vorticity (PV) inversion operators, and the associated balanced models, are tested for the shallow water equations on a hemisphere in an attempt to approach the ultimate limitations of the balance, ...

Michael E. McIntyre; Warwick A. Norton

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

A fluorophosphate-based inverse Keggin structure  

SciTech Connect

An unusual PFO(3)(2-)-templated "inverse Keggin" polyanion, [Mo(12)O(46)(PF)(4)](4-), has been isolated from the degradation reaction of an {Mo(132)}-type Keplerate to [PMo(12)O(40)](3-) by [Cu(MeCN)(4)](PF(6)) in acetonitrile. (31)P-NMR studies suggest a structure-directing role for [Cu(MeCN)(4)](+) in the formation of the highly unusual all-inorganic inverse Keggin structure.

Fielden, John; Quasdorf, Kyle; Cronin, Leroy; Kogerler, Paul

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

75

Tritium management in fusion synfuel designs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Two blanket types are being studied: a lithium-sodium pool boiler and a lithium-oxide- or lithium-sodium pool boiler and a lithium-oxide- or aluminate-microsphere moving bed. For each, a wide variety of current technology was considered in handling the tritium. Here, we show the pool boiler with the sulfur-iodine thermochemical cycle first developed and now being piloted by the General Atomic Company. The tritium (T/sub 2/) will be generated in the lithium-sodium mixture where the concentration is approx. 10 ppM and held constant by a scavenging system consisting mainly of permeators. An intermediate sodium loop carries the blanket heat to the thermochemical cycle, and the T/sub 2/ in this loop is held to 1 ppM by a similar scavenging system. With this design, we have maintained blanket inventory at 1 kg of tritium, kept thermochemical cycle losses to 5 Ci/d and environmental loss to 10 Ci/d, and held total plant risk inventory at 7 kg tritium.

Galloway, T.R.

1980-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

76

Iterative inverse kinematics with manipulator configuration control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method, termed the offset modification method (OM method), for solving the manipulator inverse kinematics problem is presented. The OM method works by modifying the link offset values of a manipulator until it is possible to derive closed-form inverse kinematics equations for the resulting manipulator (termed the model manipulator). This procedure allows one to derive a set of three nonlinear equations in three unknowns that, when numerically solved, give an inverse kinematics solution for the original manipulator. The OM method can be applied to manipulators with any number of degrees of freedom, as long as the manipulator satisfies a given set of conditions (Theorem 1). The OM method is tested on a 6-degree-of-freedom manipulator that has no known closed-form inverse kinematics equations. It is shown that the OM method is applicable to real-time manipulator control, can be used to guarantee convergence to a desired endpoint position and orientation (if it exists), and allows one to directly choose which inverse kinematics solution the algorithm will converge to (as specified in the model manipulator closed-form inverse kinematics equations). Applications of the method to other 6-DOF manipulator geometries and to redundant manipulators (i.e. greater than 6 DOF geometries) are discussed.

Grudic, G.Z.; Lawrence, P.D. [Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada). Dept. of Electrical Engineering] [Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

A GPU-COMPUTING APPROACH TO SOLAR STOKES PROFILE INVERSION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new computational approach to the inversion of solar photospheric Stokes polarization profiles, under the Milne-Eddington model, for vector magnetography. Our code, named GENESIS, employs multi-threaded parallel-processing techniques to harness the computing power of graphics processing units (GPUs), along with algorithms designed to exploit the inherent parallelism of the Stokes inversion problem. Using a genetic algorithm (GA) engineered specifically for use with a GPU, we produce full-disk maps of the photospheric vector magnetic field from polarized spectral line observations recorded by the Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun (SOLIS) Vector Spectromagnetograph (VSM) instrument. We show the advantages of pairing a population-parallel GA with data-parallel GPU-computing techniques, and present an overview of the Stokes inversion problem, including a description of our adaptation to the GPU-computing paradigm. Full-disk vector magnetograms derived by this method are shown using SOLIS/VSM data observed on 2008 March 28 at 15:45 UT.

Harker, Brian J. [National Solar Observatory, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Mighell, Kenneth J., E-mail: bharker@nso.edu, E-mail: mighell@noao.edu [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States)

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

78

Three-dimensional induced polarization data inversion for complex resistivity  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The conductive and capacitive material properties of the subsurface can be quantified through the frequency-dependent complex resistivity. However, the routine three-dimensional (3D) interpretation of voluminous induced polarization (IP) data sets still poses a challenge due to large computational demands and solution nonuniqueness. We have developed a flexible methodology for 3D (spectral) IP data inversion. Our inversion algorithm is adapted from a frequency-domain electromagnetic (EM) inversion method primarily developed for large-scale hydrocarbon and geothermal energy exploration purposes. The method has proven to be efficient by implementing the nonlinear conjugate gradient method with hierarchical parallelism and by using an optimal finite-difference forward modeling mesh design scheme. The method allows for a large range of survey scales, providing a tool for both exploration and environmental applications. We experimented with an image focusing technique to improve the poor depth resolution of surface data sets with small survey spreads. The algorithm's underlying forward modeling operator properly accounts for EM coupling effects; thus, traditionally used EM coupling correction procedures are not needed. The methodology was applied to both synthetic and field data. We tested the benefit of directly inverting EM coupling contaminated data using a synthetic large-scale exploration data set. Afterward, we further tested the monitoring capability of our method by inverting time-lapse data from an environmental remediation experiment near Rifle, Colorado. Similar trends observed in both our solution and another 2D inversion were in accordance with previous findings about the IP effects due to subsurface microbial activity.

Commer, M.; Newman, G.A.; Williams, K.H.; Hubbard, S.S.

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

79

The LLNL/UCLA high gradient inverse free electron laser  

SciTech Connect

We describe the Inverse Free Electron Accelerator currently under construction at Lawrence Livermore National Lab. Upon completion of this accelerator, high brightness electrons generated in the photoinjector blowout regime and accelerated to 50 MeV by S-band accelerating sections will interact with > 4 TW peak power Ti:Sapphire laser in a highly tapered 50 cm undulator and experience an acceleration gradient of > 200 MeV/m. We present the final design of the accelerator as well as the results of start-to-end simulations investigating preservation of beam quality and tolerances involved with this accelerator.

Moody, J. T.; Musumeci, P.; Anderson, G.; Anderson, S.; Betts, S.; Fisher, S.; Gibson, D.; Tremaine, A.; Wu, S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, UCLA, Los Angeles California, 90095 (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

80

Work-efficient matrix inversion in polylogarithmic time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an algorithm for matrix inversion that combines the practical requirement of an optimal number of arithmetic operations and the theoretical goal of a polylogarithmic critical path length. The algorithm reduces inversion to matrix multiplication. ... Keywords: linear algebra, matrix inversion, newton approximation, numerics, parallel algorithms, polylogarithmic time, strassen's inversion algorithm

Peter Sanders, Jochen Speck, Raoul Steffen

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inverse design cid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

"Sousveillance": inverse surveillance in multimedia imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is a personal narrative that began 30 years ago as a childhood hobby, of wearing and implanting various sensors, effectors, and multimedia computation in order to re-define personal space and modify sensory perception computationally. This work ... Keywords: computer mediated reality, cyborglog, equiveillance, eyetap, inverse surveillance, sousveillance, surveillance, weblog

Steve Mann

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Arctic Inversion Strength in Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent work indicates that climate models have a positive bias in the strength of the wintertime low-level temperature inversion over the high-latitude Northern Hemisphere. It has been argued this bias leads to underestimates of the Arctics ...

Brian Medeiros; Clara Deser; Robert A. Tomas; Jennifer E. Kay

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

A search for inverse fission of uranium  

SciTech Connect

There is a long-term interest in running the fission reaction backward, i.e., studying the 'inverse fission' of uranium. The recent availability of beams of n-rich fission fragments has stimulated interest in this endeavor. The purpose is to search for inverse fission in the reactions {sup 124,132}Sn + {sup 100}Mo. In the {sup 124}Sn + {sup 100}Mo reaction, evaporation residues were searched for using in-beam detection of evaporation residues, in-beam {alpha} spectroscopy, and post-irradiation {alpha} spectroscopy, while in the {sup 132}Sn + {sup 100}Mo reaction, the evaporation residue {sup 230}U was searched for using post-irradiation {alpha} spectroscopy. No evidence for the occurrence of the inverse fission reactions was found. The upper-limit cross section for the latter reaction is {approx}550 {mu}b, while the experimental upper-limit cross section for the former reaction is about 21{sup -21}{sup +38} nb. The intensity of suitable radioactive beams is not high enough at present to detect inverse fission. For the {sup 124}Sn + {sup 100}Mo reaction, the observed upper limits are below the estimates of current models for these reactions, probably due to fusion hindrance.

Yanez, R [Oregon State University, Corvallis; Loveland, Walter [Oregon State University; Beckerman, J. [Oregon State University, Corvallis; Leonard, M. [Oregon State University, Corvallis; Pettersson, G. [Oregon State University, Corvallis; Gross, Carl J [ORNL; Shapira, Dan [ORNL; Liang, J Felix [ORNL; Kohley, Zachary W [ORNL; Varner Jr, Robert L [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Inverse Problems in Classical and Quantum Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The subject of this thesis is in the area of Applied Mathematics known as Inverse Problems. Inverse problems are those where a set of measured data is analysed in order to get as much information as possible on a model which is assumed to represent a system in the real world. We study two inverse problems in the fields of classical and quantum physics: QCD condensates from tau-decay data and the inverse conductivity problem. We use a functional method which allows us to extract within rather general assumptions phenomenological parameters of QCD (the condensates) from a comparison of the time-like experimental data with asymptotic space-like results from theory. The price to be paid for the generality of assumptions is relatively large errors in the values of the extracted parameters. Although we do not claim that our method is superior to other approaches, we hope that our results lend additional confidence to the numerical results obtained with the help of methods based on QCD sum rules. In this thesis, als...

Almasy, Andrea A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Inverse Problems in Classical and Quantum Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The subject of this thesis is in the area of Applied Mathematics known as Inverse Problems. Inverse problems are those where a set of measured data is analysed in order to get as much information as possible on a model which is assumed to represent a system in the real world. We study two inverse problems in the fields of classical and quantum physics: QCD condensates from tau-decay data and the inverse conductivity problem. We use a functional method which allows us to extract within rather general assumptions phenomenological parameters of QCD (the condensates) from a comparison of the time-like experimental data with asymptotic space-like results from theory. The price to be paid for the generality of assumptions is relatively large errors in the values of the extracted parameters. Although we do not claim that our method is superior to other approaches, we hope that our results lend additional confidence to the numerical results obtained with the help of methods based on QCD sum rules. In this thesis, also two approaches of EIT image reconstruction are proposed. The first is based on reformulating the inverse problem in terms of integral equations. This method uses only a single set of measurements for the reconstruction. The second approach is an algorithm based on linearisation which uses more then one set of measurements. A promising result is that one can qualitatively reconstruct the conductivity inside the cross-section of a human chest. Even though the human volunteer is neither two-dimensional nor circular, such reconstructions can be useful in medical applications: monitoring for lung problems such as accumulating fluid or a collapsed lung and noninvasive monitoring of heart function and blood flow.

Andrea A. Almasy

2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

86

Importance of Elevation and Temperature Inversions for the Interpretation  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Importance of Elevation and Temperature Inversions for the Interpretation Importance of Elevation and Temperature Inversions for the Interpretation of Thermal Infrared Satellite Images Used in Geothermal Exploration Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Importance of Elevation and Temperature Inversions for the Interpretation of Thermal Infrared Satellite Images Used in Geothermal Exploration Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Examples of nighttime temperature inversions are shown in thermal infrared satellite images collected over the Coso geothermal field in eastern California. Temperature-elevation plots show the normal trend of temperature decrease with elevation, on which temperature inversions appear superimposed as opposite trends. Such inversions are common and they should

87

Hardware generation of arbitrary random number distributions from uniform distributions via the inversion method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an automated methodology for producing hardware-based random number generator (RNG) designs for arbitrary distributions using the inverse cumulative distribution function (ICDF). The ICDF is evaluated via piecewise polynomial approximation ... Keywords: Chebyshev approximation and theory, algorithms implemented in hardware, automatic synthesis, computer arithmetic, elementary function approximation, error analysis, gate arrays, piecewise polynomial approximation

Ray C. C. Cheung; Dong-U Lee; Wayne Luk; John D. Villasenor

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Optical inverse-square displacement sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention comprises an optical displacement sensor that uses the inverse-square attenuation of light reflected from a diffused surface to calculate the distance from the sensor to the reflecting surface. Light emerging from an optical fiber or the like is directed onto the surface whose distance is to be measured. The intensity I of reflected light is angle dependent, but within a sufficiently small solid angle it falls off as the inverse square of the distance from the surface. At least a pair of optical detectors are mounted to detect the reflected light within the small solid angle, their ends being at different distances R and R + [Delta]R from the surface. The distance R can then be found in terms of the ratio of the intensity measurements and the separation length as given in an equation. 10 figs.

Howe, R.D.; Kychakoff, G.

1989-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

89

Optical inverse-square displacement sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention comprises an optical displacement sensor that uses the inverse-square attenuation of light reflected from a diffused surface to calculate the distance from the sensor to the reflecting surface. Light emerging from an optical fiber or the like is directed onto the surface whose distance is to be measured. The intensity I of reflected light is angle dependent, but within a sufficiently small solid angle it falls off as the inverse square of the distance from the surface. At least a pair of optical detectors are mounted to detect the reflected light within the small solid angle, their ends being at different distances R and R+.DELTA.R from the surface. The distance R can then be found in terms of the ratio of the intensity measurements and the separation length as ##EQU1##

Howe, Robert D. (San Mateo County, CA); Kychakoff, George (King County, WA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

High-Inversion Fog Episodes in Central California  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The meteorological conditions associated with the high-inversion fog episode on 2328 December 1978 near Chico, California, are described. In general, the meteorological conditions throughout the fog and inversion layers were characterized by ...

Stephen Holets; Robert N. Swanson

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Waves on a Marine Inversion Undergoing Mountain Leeside Wind Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inland penetration of a shallow layer of marine air is a common occurrence along the coast of southern California. The marine air generally is confined to the coastal basin by surrounding mountains and a capping inversion. Air above the inversion ...

William T. Sommers

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Error Budget of Inverse Box Models: The North Atlantic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Linear inverse box models based on hydrographic data are widely used to estimate the ocean circulation and associated transports of heat and of other important quantities. The inverse method permits calculation of a circulation that is consistent ...

Alexandre Ganachaud

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Antarctic Low-Tropospheric Humidity Inversions: 10-Yr Climatology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Humidity inversions are nearly permanently present in the coastal Antarctic atmosphere. This is shown based on an investigation of statistical characteristics of humidity inversions at 11 Antarctic coastal stations using radiosonde data from the ...

Tiina Nygrd; Teresa Valkonen; Timo Vihma

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Wrist-Partitioned Inverse Kinematic Accelerations and Manipulator Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An efficient algorithm is presented for the calculation of the inverse kinematic accelerations for a 6 degree-of-freedom manipulator with a spherical wrist. The inverse kinematic calculation is shown to work synergistically ...

Hollerbach, John M.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Computationally efficient Bayesian inference for inverse problems.  

SciTech Connect

Bayesian statistics provides a foundation for inference from noisy and incomplete data, a natural mechanism for regularization in the form of prior information, and a quantitative assessment of uncertainty in the inferred results. Inverse problems - representing indirect estimation of model parameters, inputs, or structural components - can be fruitfully cast in this framework. Complex and computationally intensive forward models arising in physical applications, however, can render a Bayesian approach prohibitive. This difficulty is compounded by high-dimensional model spaces, as when the unknown is a spatiotemporal field. We present new algorithmic developments for Bayesian inference in this context, showing strong connections with the forward propagation of uncertainty. In particular, we introduce a stochastic spectral formulation that dramatically accelerates the Bayesian solution of inverse problems via rapid evaluation of a surrogate posterior. We also explore dimensionality reduction for the inference of spatiotemporal fields, using truncated spectral representations of Gaussian process priors. These new approaches are demonstrated on scalar transport problems arising in contaminant source inversion and in the inference of inhomogeneous material or transport properties. We also present a Bayesian framework for parameter estimation in stochastic models, where intrinsic stochasticity may be intermingled with observational noise. Evaluation of a likelihood function may not be analytically tractable in these cases, and thus several alternative Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) schemes, operating on the product space of the observations and the parameters, are introduced.

Marzouk, Youssef M.; Najm, Habib N.; Rahn, Larry A.

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Modeling Direct and Inverse Problems in Ferritic Heat-Exchanger ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Data Analytics for Materials Science and Manufacturing. Presentation Title, Modeling Direct and Inverse Problems in Ferritic Heat- Exchanger Tubes.

97

Control of a high beta maneuvering reentry vehicle using dynamic inversion.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The design of flight control systems for high performance maneuvering reentry vehicles presents a significant challenge to the control systems designer. These vehicles typically have a much higher ballistic coefficient than crewed vehicles like as the Space Shuttle or proposed crew return vehicles such as the X-38. Moreover, the missions of high performance vehicles usually require a steeper reentry flight path angle, followed by a pull-out into level flight. These vehicles then must transit the entire atmosphere and robustly perform the maneuvers required for the mission. The vehicles must also be flown with small static margins in order to perform the required maneuvers, which can result in highly nonlinear aerodynamic characteristics that frequently transition from being aerodynamically stable to unstable as angle of attack increases. The control system design technique of dynamic inversion has been applied successfully to both high performance aircraft and low beta reentry vehicles. The objective of this study was to explore the application of this technique to high performance maneuvering reentry vehicles, including the basic derivation of the dynamic inversion technique, followed by the extension of that technique to the use of tabular trim aerodynamic models in the controller. The dynamic inversion equations are developed for high performance vehicles and augmented to allow the selection of a desired response for the control system. A six degree of freedom simulation is used to evaluate the performance of the dynamic inversion approach, and results for both nominal and off nominal aerodynamic characteristics are presented.

Watts, Alfred Chapman

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Photonic Design: From Fundamental Solar Cell Physics to Computational Inverse Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of state-of-the-art photovoltaic cells, Progress ineffective way. Photovoltaic cells are the most promisingthe absorptivity of photovoltaic cell: the material absorp-

Miller, Owen Dennis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Analysis of boiling experiment using inverse modeling  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Numerical predictions of geothermal reservoir behavior strongly depend on the assumed steam-water relative permeabilities, which are difficult and time-consuming to measure in the laboratory. This paper describes the esti- mation of the parameters of the relative per- meability and capillary pressure functions by automatically matching simulation results to data from a transient boiling experiment performed on a Berea sandstone. A sensitivity analysis reveals the strong dependence of the observed system behavior on effects such as heat transfer from the heater to the core, as well as heat losses through the insulation. Parameters of three conceptual models were estimated by inverse modeling. Each calibra- tion yields consistent effective steam perme- abilities, but the shape of the liquid relative permeability remains ambiguous.

Finsterle, S.; Guerrero, M.; Satik, C.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

The twin bilinear diffie-Hellman inversion problem and applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a new computational problem and call it the twin bilinear Diffie-Hellman inversion (BDHI) problem. Inspired by the technique proposed by Cash, Kiltz and Shoup, we have developed a new trapdoor test which enables us to prove that the twin BDHI ... Keywords: bilinear diffie-Hellman inversion problem, identity-based encryption, identity-based key encapsulation, trapdoor test, twin bilinear diffie-Hellman inversion problem

Yu Chen; Liqun Chen

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inverse design cid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of production-related subsidence at the Dixie Valley geothermal field Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference...

102

Importance of Elevation and Temperature Inversions for the Interpretat...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Importance of Elevation and Temperature Inversions for the Interpretation of Thermal Infrared Satellite Images Used in Geothermal Exploration Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL...

103

Documentation and analysis of the Schlumberger interactive 1-D inversion program slumb  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This computer program is designed to accept field data from a Schlumberger resistivity array and invert it in terms of a one-dimensional layered geoelectrical model. Because the inverse problem is non-linear, an initial guess model is required. This input model can be obtained by traditional curve matching, or by repeated use of a forward algorithm. This program was written in FORTRAN V and developed on a UNIVAC 1108 computer.

Sandberg, S.

1979-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Joint inversion of AVA data for elastic parameters by bootstrapping  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A joint inversion method is developed to estimate the elastic constants of two elastic, homogeneous, isotropic media separated by a flat horizontal boundary. The method jointly uses P and S-converted wave reflection amplitude-versus-angle (AVA) data ... Keywords: AVA, Bootstrapping, Elastic parameters, Joint inversion, Zoeppritz equations

Hlya Kurt

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Parallel implementation of stochastic inversion of seismic tomography data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper parallel implementation of stochastic inversion of seismic tomography data was presented. Classical approach to travel time tomography assumes straight line of seismic rays between sources and receives points and isotropy of geological ... Keywords: inverse problem, master-slave paradigm, seismic anisotropy, seismic tomography

Maciej Dwornik; Anna Pi?ta

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Distribution et association des inversions chromosomiques dans trois populations naturelles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, one on each of the major autosome arms, are cosmopolitan. The Tunisian popu- lation shows the greatest distribution of cosmopolitan inversions between individuals of the French population is observed in the Tunisian lines. Linkage disequilibrium exists between pair of cosmopolitan inversions of the #12;second

Recanati, Catherine

107

Parallel algorithms for solution of air pollution inverse problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Parallelization of Marchuk's method for solution of inverse problems based on adjoint equations and dual representation of contaminant concentration functional is considered here. There are N individual adjoint equations independently solved at each ... Keywords: air pollution, domain decomposition, functional decomposition, inverse problems, parallel algorithms

Alexander Starchenko; Elena Panasenko

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Inverse Modelling of the Kawerau Geothermal Reservoir, NZ  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this paper we describe an existing model of the Kawerau geothermal field and attempts to improve this model using inverse modeling techniques. A match of model results to natural state temperatures and pressures at three reference depths are presented. These are used to form and ''objective function'' to be minimized by inverse modeling.

White, S.P.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Inverse problem of time-dependent heat sources numerical reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract: This work studies the inverse problem of reconstructing a time-dependent heat source in the heat conduction equation using the temperature measurement specified at an internal point. Problems of this type have important applications in several ... Keywords: 35R30, 49J20, Green function, Heat source, Inverse problem, Landweber iteration, Numerical results

Liu Yang; Mehdi Dehghan; Jian-Ning Yu; Guan-Wei Luo

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Advanced algorithms for coupled and inverse problems in electrical engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents some theoretical and numerical problems that arise in the analysis of coupled electromagnetic-thermal problems, and inverse problems in electromagnetic devices. The principal objective of the paper is to describe some computational ... Keywords: coupled fields, finite element method, inverse problems

Ion Crstea

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Aerosol Size Distributions from Genetic Inversion of Polar Nephelometer Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that genetic inversions can be used to recover lognormal aerosol size distributions from multiangle optical scattering cross-section data measured by a polar nephelometer at a wavelength of 0.532 ?m. The inversions can also be used to ...

B. R. Lienert; J. N. Porter; S. K. Sharma

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Central Internet Database (CID) What's New  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

features many changes and updates including: A new web interface. Updated radioactive waste, spent nuclear fuel, high-level radioactive waste, facility, pollution prevention, and...

113

Malicious interface design: exploiting the user  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an ideal world, interface design is the art and science of helping users accomplish tasks in a timely, efficient, and pleasurable manner. This paper studies the inverse situation, the vast emergence of deliberately constructed malicious interfaces ... Keywords: adversarial interface design, design principles, evil interfaces, malicious interfaces, web usability guidelines

Gregory Conti; Edward Sobiesk

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of production-related subsidence at the Dixie Valley geothermal field Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of production-related subsidence at the Dixie Valley geothermal field Authors Bill Foxall and D. W. Vasco Published Journal Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 2008 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of production-related subsidence at the Dixie Valley geothermal field Citation Bill Foxall,D. W. Vasco. 2008. Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of production-related subsidence at the Dixie

115

Linearized Functional Minimization for Inverse Modeling  

SciTech Connect

Heterogeneous aquifers typically consist of multiple lithofacies, whose spatial arrangement significantly affects flow and transport. The estimation of these lithofacies is complicated by the scarcity of data and by the lack of a clear correlation between identifiable geologic indicators and attributes. We introduce a new inverse-modeling approach to estimate both the spatial extent of hydrofacies and their properties from sparse measurements of hydraulic conductivity and hydraulic head. Our approach is to minimize a functional defined on the vectors of values of hydraulic conductivity and hydraulic head fields defined on regular grids at a user-determined resolution. This functional is constructed to (i) enforce the relationship between conductivity and heads provided by the groundwater flow equation, (ii) penalize deviations of the reconstructed fields from measurements where they are available, and (iii) penalize reconstructed fields that are not piece-wise smooth. We develop an iterative solver for this functional that exploits a local linearization of the mapping from conductivity to head. This approach provides a computationally efficient algorithm that rapidly converges to a solution. A series of numerical experiments demonstrates the robustness of our approach.

Wohlberg, Brendt [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tartakovsky, Daniel M. [University of California, San Diego; Dentz, Marco [Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, Barcelona, Spain

2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

116

Study of atomic physics and population inversions with plasma focus  

SciTech Connect

The plasma focus can be used to generate high temperature and high density plasmas. Neon-like plasmas have previously been studied in Z-pinches and laser produced plasmas as sources for XUV and x-ray lasers. The plasma focus provides a simple and inexpensive source for studying atomic physics of highly ionized atoms. A detailed understanding of atomic physics at high temperatures, densities, and megagauss magnetic fields is necessary for possible x-ray laser designs. Methods that are generally used for obtaining population inversions include collisional ionization of the inner shells of multi-electron atoms and ions, photoexcitation, and electron collisional excitation of ions, collisional combination of ions, and atom-ion resonant charge exchange. We will discuss some possible experiments to help understand the atomic physics under the above condition. Some ideas and calculations will be given to show the feasibility of doing atomic physics relating to x-ray lasers with a plasma focus. 13 refs., 2 figs.

Oona, H.; Hodgdon, M.L.; Rickel, D.G.; Freeman, B.L.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Entropy-Bayesian Inversion of Time-Lapse Tomographic GPR data for Monitoring Dielectric Permittivity and Soil Moisture Variations  

SciTech Connect

In this study, we evaluate the possibility of monitoring soil moisture variation using tomographic ground penetrating radar travel time data through Bayesian inversion, which is integrated with entropy memory function and pilot point concepts, as well as efficient sampling approaches. It is critical to accurately estimate soil moisture content and variations in vadose zone studies. Many studies have illustrated the promise and value of GPR tomographic data for estimating soil moisture and associated changes, however, challenges still exist in the inversion of GPR tomographic data in a manner that quantifies input and predictive uncertainty, incorporates multiple data types, handles non-uniqueness and nonlinearity, and honors time-lapse tomograms collected in a series. To address these challenges, we develop a minimum relative entropy (MRE)-Bayesian based inverse modeling framework that non-subjectively defines prior probabilities, incorporates information from multiple sources, and quantifies uncertainty. The framework enables us to estimate dielectric permittivity at pilot point locations distributed within the tomogram, as well as the spatial correlation range. In the inversion framework, MRE is first used to derive prior probability distribution functions (pdfs) of dielectric permittivity based on prior information obtained from a straight-ray GPR inversion. The probability distributions are then sampled using a Quasi-Monte Carlo (QMC) approach, and the sample sets provide inputs to a sequential Gaussian simulation (SGSim) algorithm that constructs a highly resolved permittivity/velocity field for evaluation with a curved-ray GPR forward model. The likelihood functions are computed as a function of misfits, and posterior pdfs are constructed using a Gaussian kernel. Inversion of subsequent time-lapse datasets combines the Bayesian estimates from the previous inversion (as a memory function) with new data. The memory function and pilot point design takes advantage of the spatial-temporal correlation of the state variables. We first apply the inversion framework to a static synthetic example and then to a time-lapse GPR tomographic dataset collected during a dynamic experiment conducted at the Hanford Site in Richland, WA. We demonstrate that the MRE-Bayesian inversion enables us to merge various data types, quantify uncertainty, evaluate nonlinear models, and produce more detailed and better resolved estimates than straight-ray based inversion; therefore, it has the potential to improve estimates of inter-wellbore dielectric permittivity and soil moisture content and to monitor their temporal dynamics more accurately.

Hou, Z; Terry, N; Hubbard, S S; Csatho, B

2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

118

Entropy-Bayesian Inversion of Time-Lapse Tomographic GPR data for Monitoring Dielectric Permittivity and Soil Moisture Variations  

SciTech Connect

In this study, we evaluate the possibility of monitoring soil moisture variation using tomographic ground penetrating radar travel time data through Bayesian inversion, which is integrated with entropy memory function and pilot point concepts, as well as efficient sampling approaches. It is critical to accurately estimate soil moisture content and variations in vadose zone studies. Many studies have illustrated the promise and value of GPR tomographic data for estimating soil moisture and associated changes, however, challenges still exist in the inversion of GPR tomographic data in a manner that quantifies input and predictive uncertainty, incorporates multiple data types, handles non-uniqueness and nonlinearity, and honors time-lapse tomograms collected in a series. To address these challenges, we develop a minimum relative entropy (MRE)-Bayesian based inverse modeling framework that non-subjectively defines prior probabilities, incorporates information from multiple sources, and quantifies uncertainty. The framework enables us to estimate dielectric permittivity at pilot point locations distributed within the tomogram, as well as the spatial correlation range. In the inversion framework, MRE is first used to derive prior probability density functions (pdfs) of dielectric permittivity based on prior information obtained from a straight-ray GPR inversion. The probability distributions are then sampled using a Quasi-Monte Carlo (QMC) approach, and the sample sets provide inputs to a sequential Gaussian simulation (SGSIM) algorithm that constructs a highly resolved permittivity/velocity field for evaluation with a curved-ray GPR forward model. The likelihood functions are computed as a function of misfits, and posterior pdfs are constructed using a Gaussian kernel. Inversion of subsequent time-lapse datasets combines the Bayesian estimates from the previous inversion (as a memory function) with new data. The memory function and pilot point design takes advantage of the spatial-temporal correlation of the state variables. We first apply the inversion framework to a static synthetic example and then to a time-lapse GPR tomographic dataset collected during a dynamic experiment conducted at the Hanford Site in Richland, WA. We demonstrate that the MRE-Bayesian inversion enables us to merge various data types, quantify uncertainty, evaluate nonlinear models, and produce more detailed and better resolved estimates than straight-ray based inversion; therefore, it has the potential to improve estimates of inter-wellbore dielectric permittivity and soil moisture content and to monitor their temporal dynamics more accurately.

Hou, Zhangshuan; Terry, Neil C.; Hubbard, Susan S.

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

119

New inversion methods for the Lorentz Integral Transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Lorentz Integral Transform approach allows microscopic calculations of electromagnetic reaction cross sections without explicit knowledge of final state wave functions. The necessary inversion of the transform has to be treated with great care, since it constitutes a so-called ill-posed problem. In this work new inversion techniques for the Lorentz Integral Transform are introduced. It is shown that they all contain a regularization scheme, which is necessary to overcome the ill-posed problem. In addition it is illustrated that the new techniques have a much broader range of application than the present standard inversion method of the Lorentz Integral Transform.

Diego Andreasi; Winfried Leidemann; Christoph Reiss; Michael Schwamb

2005-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

120

A simulation tool for the study of symmetric inversions in bacterial genomes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the tool SIB that simulates genomic inversions in bacterial chromosomes. The tool simulates symmetric inversions but allows the appearance of nonsymmetric inversions by simulating small syntenic blocks frequently observed on bacterial genome ...

Ulisses Dias; Zanoni Dias; Joo C. Setubal

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inverse design cid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

On the inverse problem of entropy maximizations (Corresp.)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The inverse isoperimetric problem of the entropy functional is considered in this Correspondence. This problem can be stated as follows: Given a known probability density function (pdf), what prior constraints are needed in order for this pdf to be the ...

J. Noonan; N. Tzannes; T. Costello

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Modeling and inversion of self-potential data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation presents data processing techniques relevant to the acquisition, modeling, and inversion of self-potential data. The primary goal is to facilitate the interpretation of self-potentials in terms of the ...

Minsley, Burke J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Inversion Breakup in Small Rocky Mountain and Alpine Basins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Comparisons are made between the postsunrise breakup of temperature inversions in two similar closed basins in very different climate settings, one in the eastern Alps and one in the Rocky Mountains. The small, high-altitude, limestone sinkholes ...

C. David Whiteman; Bernhard Pospichal; Stefan Eisenbach; Philipp Weihs; Craig B. Clements; Reinhold Steinacker; Erich Mursch-Radlgruber; Manfred Dorninger

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Inversion of Marine Radar Images for Surface Wave Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method to estimate sea surface elevation maps from marine radar image sequences is presented. This method is the extension of an existing inverse modeling technique to derive wave spectra from marine radar images, which assumes linear wave ...

JosC. Nieto Borge; Germn Rodrguez Rodrguez; Katrin Hessner; Paloma Izquierdo Gonzlez

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Global Datasets of Rooting Zone Depth Inferred from Inverse Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two inverse methods are applied to a land surface model to infer global patterns of the hydrologically active depth of the vegetation's rooting zone. The first method is based on the assumption that vegetation is optimally adapted to its ...

Axel Kleidon

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Simulations of Trade Wind Cumuli under a Strong Inversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fifth intercomparison of the Global Water and Energy Experiment Cloud System Studies Working Group 1 is used as a vehicle for better understanding the dynamics of trade wind cumuli capped by a strong inversion. The basis of the ...

Bjorn Stevens; Andrew S. Ackerman; Bruce A. Albrecht; Andrew R. Brown; Andreas Chlond; Joan Cuxart; Peter G. Duynkerke; David C. Lewellen; Malcolm K. Macvean; Roel A. J. Neggers; Enrique Snchez; A. Pier Siebesma; David E. Stevens

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Row-Action Inversion of the BarrickWeber Equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The BarrickWeber equations describe the interaction of radar signals with the dynamic ocean surface, and so provide a mathematical basis for oceanic remote sensing. This report considers the inversion of these equations with several of the row-...

J. J. Green; L. R. Wyatt

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Forecasting Pacific SSTs: Linear Inverse Model Predictions of the PDO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A linear inverse model (LIM) is used to predict Pacific (30S60N) sea surface temperature anomalies (SSTAs), including the Pacific decadal oscillation (PDO). The LIM is derived from the observed simultaneous and lagged covariance statistics of ...

Michael A. Alexander; Ludmila Matrosova; Ccile Penland; James D. Scott; Ping Chang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Dynamical Adjustment of the Trade Wind Inversion Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In schematic northsouth cross sections the trade inversion layer is often depicted as sloping upward as air flows toward the intertropical convergence zone. This conceptual view is consistent with purely thermodynamic boundary-layer models, ...

Wayne H. Schubert; Paul E. Ciesielski; Chungu Lu; Richard H. Johnson

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

A Particle Filter for Inverse Lagrangian Prediction Problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors present a numerical method for the inverse Lagrangian prediction problem, which addresses retrospective estimation of drifter trajectories through a turbulent flow, given their final positions and some knowledge of the flow field. Of ...

T. Mike Chin; Arthur J. Mariano

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Forward and inverse metabolic engineering strategies for improving polyhydroxybyrate production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forward metabolic engineering (FME) is a rational approach to cellular engineering, relying on an understanding of the entire metabolic network to direct perturbations for phenotype improvement. Conversely, inverse metabolic ...

Tyo, Keith E. J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Inverse Optimization: An Application to the Capacitated Plant Location Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inverse optimization refers to the fact that each time a Lagrangean derived from a given mathematical programming problem is solved, it produces an optimal solution to some problem with a different right hand side. This ...

Bitran, Gabriel R.

133

The Inverse Ocean Modeling System. Part I: Implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Inverse Ocean Modeling (IOM) system constructs and runs weak-constraint, four-dimensional variational data assimilation (W4DVAR) for any dynamical model and any observing array. The dynamics and the observing algorithms may be nonlinear but ...

A. F. Bennett; B. S. Chua; B. L. Pflaum; M. Erwig; Z. Fu; R. D. Loft; J. C. Muccino

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Bayesian inverse problems with Monte Carlo forward models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The full application of Bayesian inference to inverse problems requires exploration of a posterior distribution that typically does not possess a standard form. In this context, Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods are ...

Bal, Guillaume

135

The Inverse Ocean Modeling System. Part II: Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Inverse Ocean Modeling (IOM) System is a modular system for constructing and running weak-constraint four-dimensional variational data assimilation (W4DVAR) for any linear or nonlinear functionally smooth dynamical model and observing array. ...

J. C. Muccino; H. Luo; H. G. Arango; D. Haidvogel; J. C. Levin; A. F. Bennett; B. S. Chua; G. D. Egbert; B. D. Cornuelle; A. J. Miller; E. Di Lorenzo; A. M. Moore; E. D. Zaron

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Maps and inverse maps in open quantum dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two kinds of maps that describe evolution of states of a subsystem coming from dynamics described by a unitary operator for a larger system, maps defined for fixed mean values and maps defined for fixed correlations, are found to be quite different for the same unitary dynamics in the same situation in the larger system. An affine form is used for both kinds of maps to find necessary and sufficient conditions for inverse maps. All the different maps with the same homogeneous part in their affine forms have inverses if and only if the homogeneous part does. Some of these maps are completely positive; others are not, but the homogeneous part is always completely positive. The conditions for an inverse are the same for maps that are not completely positive as for maps that are. For maps defined for fixed mean values, the homogeneous part depends only on the unitary operator for the dynamics of the larger system, not on any state or mean values or correlations. Necessary and sufficient conditions for an inverse are stated several different ways: in terms of the maps of matrices, basis matrices, density matrices, or mean values. The inverse maps are generally not tied to the dynamics the way the maps forward are. A trace-preserving completely positive map that is unital cannot have an inverse that is obtained from any dynamics described by any unitary operator for any states of a larger system.

Jordan, Thomas F., E-mail: tjordan@d.umn.ed [Physics Department, University of Minnesota, Duluth, MN 55812 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

137

Delivery Massager: A tool for propagating seismic inversion information into reservoir models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce a new open-source program for transforming inversion data from the open-source Delivery seismic inversion software to industry-standard cornerpoint grid formats suitable for reservoir modelling and flow simulations. The seismic inversion ... Keywords: Bayesian, Cornerpoint grid, Downscaling, Geostatistics, Inversion, Open-source, Seismic, Shared earth model, Stochastic

James Gunning; Michael E. Glinsky; Chris White

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

A Target-Oriented Magnetotelluric Inversion Approach For Characterizing The  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Target-Oriented Magnetotelluric Inversion Approach For Characterizing The Target-Oriented Magnetotelluric Inversion Approach For Characterizing The Low Enthalpy Gross Schonebeck Geothermal Reservoir Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Target-Oriented Magnetotelluric Inversion Approach For Characterizing The Low Enthalpy Gross Schonebeck Geothermal Reservoir Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Electrical conductivity is a key parameter for the exploration and characterization of geothermal reservoirs as hot mineralized formation water of active geothermal areas usually exhibits significantly higher conductivity than the surrounding host rock. Here we present results of a magnetotelluric (MT) exploration experiment carried out in the vicinity of the Gross Schonebeck geothermal test site in Northern Germany, where a

139

Development of inverse modeling techniques for geothermal applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have developed inverse modeling capabilities for the non-isothermal, multiphase, multicomponent numerical simulator TOUGH2 to facilitate automatic history matching and parameter estimation based on data obtained during testing and exploitation of geothermal fields. The TOUGH2 code allows one to estimate TOUGH2 input parameters based on any type of observation for which a corresponding simulation output can be calculated. In addition, a detailed residual and error analysis is performed, and the uncertainty of model predictions can be evaluated. One of the advantages of inverse modeling is that it overcomes the time and labor intensive tedium of trial- and error model calibration. Furthermore, the estimated parameters refer directly to the numerical model used for the subsequent predictions and optimization studies. This paper describes the methodology of inverse modeling and demonstrates an application of the method to data from a synthetic geothermal reservoir. We also illustrate its use for the optimization of fluid reinjection into a partly depleted reservoir.

Finsterle, S.; Pruess, K.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Stochastic spectral methods for efficient Bayesian solution of inverse problems  

SciTech Connect

We present a reformulation of the Bayesian approach to inverse problems, that seeks to accelerate Bayesian inference by using polynomial chaos (PC) expansions to represent random variables. Evaluation of integrals over the unknown parameter space is recast, more efficiently, as Monte Carlo sampling of the random variables underlying the PC expansion. We evaluate the utility of this technique on a transient diffusion problem arising in contaminant source inversion. The accuracy of posterior estimates is examined with respect to the order of the PC representation, the choice of PC basis, and the decomposition of the support of the prior. The computational cost of the new scheme shows significant gains over direct sampling.

Marzouk, Youssef M. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA 94551 (United States)]. E-mail: ymarz@alum.mit.edu; Najm, Habib N. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA 94551 (United States)]. E-mail: hnnajm@sandia.gov; Rahn, Larry A. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA 94551 (United States)]. E-mail: rahn@sandia.gov

2007-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inverse design cid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Stochastic spectral methods for efficient Bayesian solution of inverse problems.  

SciTech Connect

We present a reformulation of the Bayesian approach to inverse problems, that seeks to accelerate Bayesian inference by using polynomial chaos (PC) expansions to represent random variables. Evaluation of integrals over the unknown parameter space is recast, more efficiently, as Monte Carlo sampling of the random variables underlying the PC expansion. We evaluate the utility of this technique on a transient diffusion problem arising in contaminant source inversion. The accuracy of posterior estimates is examined with respect to the order of the PC representation, the choice of PC basis, and the decomposition of the support of the prior. The computational cost of the new scheme shows significant gains over direct sampling.

Marzouk, Youssef M.; Najm, Habib N.; Rahn, Larry A.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

3D porosity prediction from seismic inversion and neural networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we address the problem of transforming seismic reflection data into an intrinsic rock property model. Specifically, we present an application of a methodology that allows interpreters to obtain effective porosity 3D maps from post-stack ... Keywords: Feed-forward neural network, Matlab, Reservoir characterization, Seismic inversion

Emilson Pereira Leite; Alexandre Campane Vidal

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Inversion of Newberry Volcano high-resolution traveltime residuals  

SciTech Connect

Inversion of the 1984 traveltime data from the array at Newberry Crater was accomplished using a variant of the method presented by Aki and others (1973). Five-hundred-sixty-five traveltime observations for Pg and a deeper reflection, weighted by their variance estimates, were included in the inversion. Azimuths from receiver-to-source range from 80 to 280. The initial-velocity model for the inversion has four layers. The top layer, starting at the surface and extending to an elevation of 1300 meters above sea level, had a P-velocity of 2.5 km/s. There are three layers below this one, each 1500-m thick, with P-velocities of 4.0, 4.6, and 5.2 km/s. The predominant feature in the inversion result in the upper two layers (surface to 200-m below sea level), is the ring of high velocities coincident with the caldera ring-fracture system. This high-velocity ring is up to 11% faster than the average for these two layers. In these layers velocities are a few percent slower than average in the center of the caldera and range from 5 to 10% slower outside the caldera to the south, east, and north. In the third layer (-200 to 1700 m elevation), the magnitude of the high-velocity anomaly around the ring-fracture system is reduced, but the bin in the center of the caldera is nearly 9% slower than the layer average.

Stauber, D.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Ph.D.Thesis Binary inversion of gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ph.D.Thesis Binary inversion of gravity data for salt imaging Richard A. Krahenbuhl Center for Gravity, Electrical & Magnetic Studies Colorado School of Mines Department of Geophysics Colorado School of gravity data for salt imaging Richard A. Krahenbuhl Center for Gravity, Electrical & Magnetic Studies

145

Adaptive and reverse adaptive responses for chromosomal inversions...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a response which can protect from inversion induction within four hours of high dose irradiation. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0.01 1 1000 1000+0.01 1000+1 Dose (mGy) M e a n in v e r s io n fr...

146

Intelligent seismic inversion workflow for high-resolution reservoir characterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Developing a geological model is the first and a very important step during the reservoir simulation and modeling process. The geological model usually represents our best interpretation of the reservoir characteristics that extends beyond the well where ... Keywords: Buffalo Valley Field, Neural networks, Reservoir characterization, Seismic inversion

E. Artun; S. Mohaghegh

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Move-to-Front, Distance Coding, and Inversion Frequencies revisited  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Move-to-Front, Distance Coding and Inversion Frequencies are three simple and effective techniques used to process the output of the Burrows-Wheeler Transform. In this paper we provide the first complete comparative analyses of these techniques, establishing ... Keywords: Burrows-Wheeler Transform, Data Compression, Empirical entropy

Travis Gagie; Giovanni Manzini

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

On a class of inverse electrostatic and elasticity problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the inverse electrostatic and elasticity problems associated with Poisson and Navier equations. The uniqueness of solutions of these problems is proved for piecewise constant electric charge and internal stress distributions having a checkered structure: they are constant on rectangular blocks. Such distributions appear naturally in practical applications. We also discuss computational challenges arising in the numerical implementation of our method.

Andrei Artemev; Leonid Parnovski; Iosif Polterovich

2012-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

149

DYNAMIC INVERSE PROBLEM IN A WEAKLY LATERALLY INHOMOGENEOUS MEDIUM.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the earth's crust which contain gas, oil or other minerals as well as determination of their physical costs and outcomes in exploitation. In practice, in e.g. oil exploration and seismology this inverse applications, a pure layered structure occurs rare. However, in many cases in seismology and oil exploration

150

Sensitivity study on hydraulic well testing inversion using simulated annealing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

For environmental remediation, management of nuclear waste disposal, or geothermal reservoir engineering, it is very important to evaluate the permeabilities, spacing, and sizes of the subsurface fractures which control ground water flow. Cluster variable aperture (CVA) simulated annealing has been used as an inversion technique to construct fluid flow models of fractured formations based on transient pressure data from hydraulic tests. A two-dimensional fracture network system is represented as a filled regular lattice of fracture elements. The algorithm iteratively changes an aperture of cluster of fracture elements, which are chosen randomly from a list of discrete apertures, to improve the match to observed pressure transients. The size of the clusters is held constant throughout the iterations. Sensitivity studies using simple fracture models with eight wells show that, in general, it is necessary to conduct interference tests using at least three different wells as pumping well in order to reconstruct the fracture network with a transmissivity contrast of one order of magnitude, particularly when the cluster size is not known a priori. Because hydraulic inversion is inherently non-unique, it is important to utilize additional information. The authors investigated the relationship between the scale of heterogeneity and the optimum cluster size (and its shape) to enhance the reliability and convergence of the inversion. It appears that the cluster size corresponding to about 20--40 % of the practical range of the spatial correlation is optimal. Inversion results of the Raymond test site data are also presented and the practical range of spatial correlation is evaluated to be about 5--10 m from the optimal cluster size in the inversion.

Nakao, Shinsuke; Najita, J.; Karasaki, Kenzi

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Application of inverse modeling to geothermal reservoir simulation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The authors have developed inverse modeling capabilities for the non-isothermal, multiphase, multicomponent numerical simulator TOUGH2 to facilitate automatic history matching and parameter estimation based on data obtained during testing and exploitation of geothermal fields.The ITOUGH2 code allows one to estimate TOUGH2 input parameters based on any type of observation for which a corresponding simulation output can be calculated. Furthermore, a detailed residual and error analysis is performed, and the uncertainty of model predictions can be evaluated. Automatic history matching using ITOUGH2 is robust and efficient so that model parameters affecting geothermal field performance can reliably be estimated based on a variety of field measurements such as pressures, temperatures, flow rates, and enthalpies. The paper describes the methodology of inverse modeling and provides a detailed discussion of sample problems to demonstrate the application of the method to data from geothermal reservoirs.

Finsterle, S.; Pruess, K. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Earth Sciences Div.; Bullivant, D.P.; O`Sullivan, M.J. [Univ. of Auckland (New Zealand). Dept. of Engineering Science

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Radiative inverse seesaw neutrino mass and dark matter  

SciTech Connect

Seesaw mechanism provides a natural explanation of light neutrino masses through suppression of heavy seesaw scale. In inverse seesaw models the seesaw scale can be much lower than that in the usual seesaw models. If terms inducing seesaw masses are further induced by loop corrections, the seesaw scale can be lowered to be in the range probed by experiments at the LHC without fine tuning. This talk, presented by X-G He, discuss models constructed in a recent preprint by us (arxiv:201207.6308) in which neutrino masses are generated at two loop level through inverse seesaw mechanism. These models also naturally have dark matter candidates. Although the recent data from Xenon100 put stringent constraint on the models, they can be consistent with data on neutrino masses, mixing, dark matter relic density and direct detection.

Guo Gang [INPAC, Department of Physics and Shanghai Key Laboratory for Particle Physics and Cosmology Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai (China); He Xiaogang [INPAC, Department of Physics and Shanghai Key Laboratory for Particle Physics and Cosmology Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai (China) and Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, and NCTS, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Li Guannan [INPAC, Department of Physics and Shanghai Key Laboratory for Particle Physics and Cosmology Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, Taiwan (China)

2013-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

153

Inverse variational problem for non-standard Lagrangians  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The non-standard Lagrangians (NSLs) for dissipative-like dynamical systems were introduced in an ad hoc fashion rather than being derived from the solution of the inverse problem of variational calculus. We begin with the first integral of the equation of motion and solve the associated inverse problem to obtain some of the existing results for NSLs. In addition, we provide a number of alternative Lagrangian representations. The case studies envisaged by us include (i) the usual modified Emden-type equation, (ii) Emden-type equation with dissipative term quadratic in velocity and (iii) Lokta-Volterra model. We point out that our method is quite general for applications to other physical systems.

Aparna Saha; B Talukdar

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

154

The use of Bayesian inversion to resolve plasma equilibrium  

SciTech Connect

Recently, Bayesian probability theory has been used at a number of experiments to fold uncertainties and interdependencies in the diagnostic data and forward models, together with prior knowledge of the state of the plasma, to increase accuracy of inferred physics variables. A new probabilistic framework, MINERVA, based on Bayesian graphical models, has been used at JET and W7-AS to yield predictions of internal magnetic structure. A feature of the framework is the Bayesian inversion for poloidal magnetic flux without the need for an explicit equilibrium assumption. Building on this, we discuss results from a new project to develop Bayesian inversion tools that aim to (1) distinguish between competing equilibrium theories, which capture different physics, using the MAST spherical tokamak, and (2) test the predictions of MHD theory, particularly mode structure, using the H-1 Heliac. Specifically, we report on correction of the motional Stark effect, pickup coils, flux-loop constrained Bayesian inferred equilibrium for varying toroidal flux.

Hole, M. J.; Nessi, G. von; Pretty, D.; Howard, J.; Blackwell, B. [Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, ACT 0200 (Australia); Svensson, J. [Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Teilinstitut Greifswald D17491 (Germany); Appel, L. C. [Euratom/CCFE, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxon OX143DB (United Kingdom)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

155

Effects of Inversion Height and Surface Heat Flux on Downslope Windstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simulations are presented focusing on the role of temperature inversions in controlling the formation and strength of downslope wind storms. Three mechanisms are examined depending on the relative height of the inversion with respect to the ...

Craig M. Smith; Eric D. Skyllingstad

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Skill in an Inversion Solution: CONVEX-91 Hydrographic Results Compared with ADCP Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper demonstrates skill in simple linear inversion solutions in two ways: first, qualitatively, by showing that the inversion method can put in place a known feature of the deep circulation of the study region when initialized with ...

Sheldon Bacon

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Analysis of the Impact of Model Nonlinearities in Inverse Problem Solving  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the relationship between nonlinear model properties and inverse problem solutions is analyzed using a numerical technique based on the inverse problem theory formulated by Mosegaard and Tarantola. According to this theory, the ...

T. Vukicevic; D. Posselt

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Parameterization of Inversion Breakup in Idealized Valleys. Part II: Thermodynamic Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple thermodynamic parameterization based on a modified version of the Whiteman and McKee inversion destruction model is presented to simulate the evolution of vertical temperature structure during the inversion breakup period in idealized ...

N. M. Zoumakis; G. A. Efstathiou

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Data Assimilation and Inverse Methods in Terms of a Probabilistic Formulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The weak constraint inverse for nonlinear dynamical models is discussed and derived in term of a probabilistic formulation. The well-known result that for Gaussian error statistics the minimum of the weak constraint inverse is equal to the ...

Peter Jan van Leeuwen; Geir Evensen

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Parameterization of Inversion Breakup in Idealized Valleys. Part I: The Adjustable Model Parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The factors that affect the atmospheric energy budget approach used in the thermodynamic valley inversion destruction model of Whiteman and McKee are investigated theoretically. The height at which the sinking inversion top meets the rising ...

N. M. Zoumakis; G. A. Efstathiou

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inverse design cid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Simulated synchrotron and Inverse Compton emission from Pulsar Wind Nebulae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a complete set of diagnostic tools aimed at reproducing synthetic non-thermal (synchrotron and/or Inverse Compton, IC) emissivity, integrated flux energy, polarization and spectral index simulated maps in comparison to observations. The time dependent relativistic magnetohydrodynamic (RMHD) equations are solved with a shock capturing code together with the evolution of the maximum particles energy. Applications to Pulsar Wind Nebulae (PWNe) are shown.

Volpi, Delia; Amato, Elena; Bucciantini, Niccolo

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

The Inverse Problem of Remote Neutrino Diagnostics of Intrareactor Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the well-known experimental data the inverse problem of neutrino diagnostics of reactor core is considered. The solution of this problem makes it possible to determine distantly the current value of nuclear density of each nuclear fuel components with known accuracy and also opens up the possibility for the development of neutrino online technology of temporal evolution of nuclear fuel isotopic structure and reactor power.

V. D. Rusov; T. N. Zelentsova; V. A. Tarasov; D. A. Litvinov

2004-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

163

Bayesian Uncertainty Quantification for Large Scale Spatial Inverse Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We considered a Bayesian approach to nonlinear inverse problems in which the unknown quantity is a high dimension spatial field. The Bayesian approach contains a natural mechanism for regularization in the form of prior information, can incorporate information from heterogeneous sources and provides a quantitative assessment of uncertainty in the inverse solution. The Bayesian setting casts the inverse solution as a posterior probability distribution over the model parameters. Karhunen-Lo'eve expansion and Discrete Cosine transform were used for dimension reduction of the random spatial field. Furthermore, we used a hierarchical Bayes model to inject multiscale data in the modeling framework. In this Bayesian framework, we have shown that this inverse problem is well-posed by proving that the posterior measure is Lipschitz continuous with respect to the data in total variation norm. The need for multiple evaluations of the forward model on a high dimension spatial field (e.g. in the context of MCMC) together with the high dimensionality of the posterior, results in many computation challenges. We developed two-stage reversible jump MCMC method which has the ability to screen the bad proposals in the first inexpensive stage. Channelized spatial fields were represented by facies boundaries and variogram-based spatial fields within each facies. Using level-set based approach, the shape of the channel boundaries was updated with dynamic data using a Bayesian hierarchical model where the number of points representing the channel boundaries is assumed to be unknown. Statistical emulators on a large scale spatial field were introduced to avoid the expensive likelihood calculation, which contains the forward simulator, at each iteration of the MCMC step. To build the emulator, the original spatial field was represented by a low dimensional parameterization using Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT), then the Bayesian approach to multivariate adaptive regression spline (BMARS) was used to emulate the simulator. Various numerical results were presented by analyzing simulated as well as real data.

Mondal, Anirban

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Survey design strategies for linearized nonlinear inversion Andrew Curtis and Carl Spencer, Schlumberger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

given all possible prior models (e.g., Ford et al., 1989, Atkinson & Donev 1992, Maurer and Boerner 1998 are the only measures considered. REFERENCES Atkinson, A. C., and Donev, A. N., 1992, Optimum experi- mental

165

Toward the Quantum Design of Multichannel Systems (The Inverse Problem Approach)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The multichannel generalization of the theory of spectral, scattering and decay control is presented. New universal algorithms of construction of complex quantum systems with given properties are suggested. Particularly, transformations of interaction matrices leading to the concentration of waves in a chosen partial channel and spatial localization are shown. The limiting instructive cases illustrating different phenomena which occur with the combination of 'incompatible' properties are considered. For example, the scattering solutions with different resonance widths at the same energy for the same interaction are revealed. Analogously, a 'paradoxical' coexistence of both strong reflection and absolute transparency is explained. The case of the violation of 'natural' asymptotic behavior of partial wave function is demonstrated : it has a greater damping decrement for the channel with a lower threshold. Peculiarities of the multichannel periodic structures, bound states embedded into continuum, resonance tunneling and degeneracy of states are described.

V. M. Chabanov; B. N. Zakhariev; I. V. Amirkhanov

2001-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

166

Toward the Quantum Design of Multichannel Systems (The Inverse Problem Approach)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The multichannel generalization of the theory of spectral, scattering and decay control is presented. New universal algorithms of construction of complex quantum systems with given properties are suggested. Particularly, transformations of interaction matrices leading to the concentration of waves in a chosen partial channel and spatial localization are shown. The limiting instructive cases illustrating different phenomena which occur with the combination of 'incompatible' properties are considered. For example, the scattering solutions with different resonance widths at the same energy for the same interaction are revealed. Analogously, a 'paradoxical' coexistence of both strong reflection and absolute transparency is explained. The case of the violation of 'natural' asymptotic behavior of partial wave function is demonstrated : it has a greater damping decrement for the channel with a lower threshold. Peculiarities of the multichannel periodic structures, bound states embedded into continuum, resonance tunn...

Chabanov, V M; Amirkhanov, I V

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

The application research of compound control based on the fuzzy neural network inverse method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Through the study of the boiler-turbine coordination and control network, this paper analysis the difficulties of the inverse system analytical method in practical use. A structure and learning method with close to the dynamic inverse system capacity ... Keywords: compound control, decoupling control instruction, inverse system, neural network

Qingli Wang; Yuanwei Jing; Lifu Wang; Zhi Kong

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Inversion of Robin coefficient by a spectral stochastic finite element approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates a variational approach to the nonlinear stochastic inverse problem of probabilistically calibrating the Robin coefficient from boundary measurements for the steady-state heat conduction. The problem is formulated into an optimization ... Keywords: Conjugate gradient method, Robin inverse problem, Spectral stochastic finite element method, Stochastic inverse problems, Uncertainty quantification

Bangti Jin; Jun Zou

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Meta-design: design for designers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One fundamental challenge for the design of the interactive systems of the future is to invent and design environments and cultures in which humans can express themselves and engage in personally meaningful activities. Unfortunately, a large number of ... Keywords: consumer and designer mindsets, designing out of the box, domain-oriented design environments, evolutionary growth, impact of new media on design, open evolvable systems, open source, reseeding model, seeding, underdesigned systems

Gerhard Fischer; Eric Scharff

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Mesozoic tectonic inversion in the Neuquen Basin of west-central Argentina  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mesozoic tectonic inversion in the Neuquen Basin of west-central Argentina produced two main fault systems: (1) deep faults that affected basement and syn-rift strata where preexisting faults were selectively reactivated during inversion based on their length and (2) shallow faults that affected post-rift and syn-inversion strata. Normal faults formed at high angle to the reactivated half-graben bounding fault as a result of hangingwall expansion and internal deformation as it accommodated to the shape of the curved footwall during oblique inversion. Contraction during inversion was initially accommodated by folding and internal deformation of syn-rift sedimentary wedges, followed by displacement along half-graben bounding faults. We suspect that late during inversion the weight of the overburden inhibited additional fault displacement and folding became the shortening-accommodating mechanism. A Middle Jurassic inversion event produced synchronous uplift of inversion structures across the central Neuquen Basin. Later inversion events (during Late Jurassic, Early Cretaceous, and Late Cretaceous time) produced an "inversion front" that advanced north of the Huincul Arch. Synchroneity of fault reactivation during the Callovian inversion event may be related to efficient stress transmission north of the Huincul Arch, probably due to easy reactivation of low-dip listric fault segments. This required little strain accumulation along "proximal" inversion structures before shortening was transferred to more distal structures. Later inversion events found harderto- reactivate fault segments, resulting in proximal structures undergoing significant inversion before transferring shortening. The time between the end of rifting and the different inversion events may have affected inversion. Lithosphere was probably thermally weakened at the onset of the initial Callovian inversion phase, allowing stress transmission over a large distance from the Huincul Arch and causing synchronous inversion across the basin. Later inversion affected a colder and more viscous lithosphere. Significant strain needed to accumulate along proximal inversion structures before shortening was transferred to more distal parts of the basin. Timing of inversion events along the central Neuquen Basin suggest a megaregional control by right-lateral displacement motion along the Gastre Fault Zone, an intracontinental megashear zone thought to have been active prior to and during the opening of the South Atlantic Ocean.

Grimaldi Castro, Gabriel Orlando

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Positive design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article is focused on the changes needed in design to create positive solutions for all involved in design processes. It draws upon the rich discussion and discourse from a conference focused on positive design involving managers, designers, and ...

Jurgen Faust

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Identifying Isotropic Events Using a Regional Moment Tensor Inversion  

SciTech Connect

We calculate the deviatoric and isotropic source components for 17 explosions at the Nevada Test Site, as well as 12 earthquakes and 3 collapses in the surrounding region of the western US, using a regional time-domain full waveform inversion for the complete moment tensor. The events separate into specific populations according to their deviation from a pure double-couple and ratio of isotropic to deviatoric energy. The separation allows for anomalous event identification and discrimination between explosions, earthquakes, and collapses. Confidence regions of the model parameters are estimated from the data misfit by assuming normally distributed parameter values. We investigate the sensitivity of the resolved parameters of an explosion to imperfect Earth models, inaccurate event depths, and data with low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) assuming a reasonable azimuthal distribution of stations. In the band of interest (0.02-0.10 Hz) the source-type calculated from complete moment tensor inversion is insensitive to velocity models perturbations that cause less than a half-cycle shift (<5 sec) in arrival time error if shifting of the waveforms is allowed. The explosion source-type is insensitive to an incorrect depth assumption (for a true depth of 1 km), and the goodness-of-fit of the inversion result cannot be used to resolve the true depth of the explosion. Noise degrades the explosive character of the result, and a good fit and accurate result are obtained when the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is greater than 5. We assess the depth and frequency dependence upon the resolved explosive moment. As the depth decreases from 1 km to 200 m, the isotropic moment is no longer accurately resolved and is in error between 50-200%. However, even at the most shallow depth the resultant moment tensor is dominated by the explosive component when the data have a good SNR.

Ford, S R; Dreger, D S; Walter, W R

2008-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

173

Matrix Inversion Lemma and Information Filter Mohammad Emtiyaz Khan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Matrix Inversion Lemma and Information Filter Mohammad Emtiyaz Khan Honeywell Technology Solutions) zt+1|t = (I -JtBT t )A-T t zt|t, Zt+1|t = (I -JtBT t )St (8) where St = A-T t P-1 t|t A-1 t and Jt = StBt(BT t StBt +Q-1 t )-1. The Kalman gain is given as Kt = Zt|tCT t R-1 t . For detailed proof see

Mitchell, Ian

174

Inverse problems for symmetric matrices with a submatrix constraint  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with the following problems: Problem I(a). Given a full column rank matrix X@?R^n^x^p and symmetric matrices B@?R^p^x^p and A"0@?R^r^x^r, find an nxn symmetric matrix A such thatX^TAX=B,A([1,r])=A"0, where A([1,r]) is the rxr ... Keywords: Canonical correlation decomposition, Generalized singular value decomposition, Inverse problem, Least-squares solution, Optimal approximation, Symmetric matrix

Yongxin Yuan; Hua Dai

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Gravitational radiation from primordial helical inverse cascade magnetohydrodynamic turbulence  

SciTech Connect

We consider the generation of gravitational waves by primordial helical inverse-cascade magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence produced by bubble collisions at the electroweak phase transition. We extend the previous study 1 by considering both currently discussed models of MHD turbulence. For popular electroweak phase transition parameter values, the generated gravitational wave spectrum is only weakly dependent on the MHD turbulence model. Compared with the unmagnetized electroweak phase transition case, the spectrum of MHD-turbulence-generated gravitational waves peaks at lower frequency with larger amplitude and can be detected by the proposed Laser Interferometer Space Antenna.

Kahniashvili, Tina [Department of Physics, Kansas State University, 116 Cardwell Hall, Manhattan, Kansas 66506 (United States); Department of Physics, Laurentian University, Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury, ON P3E 2C6 (Canada); National Astrophysical Observatory, Ilia Chavchavadze State University, 2A Kazbegi Ave, Tbilisi, GE-0160 (Georgia); Campanelli, Leonardo [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); INFN - Sezione di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Gogoberidze, Grigol [Department of Physics, Kansas State University, 116 Cardwell Hall, Manhattan, Kansas 66506 (United States); National Astrophysical Observatory, Ilia Chavchavadze State University, 2A Kazbegi Ave, Tbilisi, GE-0160 (Georgia); Centre for Plasma Astrophysics, K.U. Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200B, 3001 Leuven (Belgium); Maravin, Yurii; Ratra, Bharat [Department of Physics, Kansas State University, 116 Cardwell Hall, Manhattan, Kansas 66506 (United States)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

176

The Network Simulator NS-2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The model was designed to be relatively extensible. Glossary. BS: Base Station. CID: Connection Identifier. CS: Convergence Sublayer. ...

2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

177

Application Of 3D Inversion To Magnetotelluric Data In The Ogiri Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Of 3D Inversion To Magnetotelluric Data In The Ogiri Geothermal Of 3D Inversion To Magnetotelluric Data In The Ogiri Geothermal Area, Japan Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Application Of 3D Inversion To Magnetotelluric Data In The Ogiri Geothermal Area, Japan Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: A stable inversion technique has been developed for threedimensional (3D) interpretation of magnetotelluric (MT) data. The inversion method is based on the Gauss-Newton (linearized least-squares) method with smoothness regularization. Static shifts are also treated as unknown parameters in the inversion. The forward modeling is done by using the staggered-grid finite difference method. A Bayesian criterion ABIC is applied to searching for the optimum trade-off among the minimization of

178

Issues in development of simultaneous forward-inverse metamodels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Metamodels provide estimates of simulation outputs as a function of design parameters. Often in the design of a system or product, one has performance targets in mind, and would like to identify system design parameters that would yield the target performance ...

Russell R. Barton

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Fast full-wave seismic inversion using source encoding.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Full Wavefield Seismic Inversion (FWI) estimates a subsurface elastic model by iteratively minimizing the difference between observed and simulated data. This process is extremely compute intensive, with a cost on the order of at least hundreds of prestack reverse time migrations. For time-domain and Krylov-based frequency-domain FWI, the cost of FWI is proportional to the number of seismic sources inverted. We have found that the cost of FWI can be significantly reduced by applying it to data processed by encoding and summing individual source gathers, and by changing the encoding functions between iterations. The encoding step forms a single gather from many input source gathers. This gather represents data that would have been acquired from a spatially distributed set of sources operating simultaneously with different source signatures. We demonstrate, using synthetic data, significant cost reduction by applying FWI to encoded simultaneous-source data.

Ho Cha, Young (ExxonMobil); Baumstein, Anatoly (ExxonMobil); Lee, Sunwoong (ExxonMobil); Hinkley, David (ExxonMobil); Anderson, John E. (ExxonMobil); Neelamani, Ramesh (ExxonMobil); Krebs, Jerome R. (ExxonMobil); Lacasse, Martin-Daniel (ExxonMobil)

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Chirped pulse inverse free-electron laser vacuum accelerator  

SciTech Connect

A chirped pulse inverse free-electron laser (IFEL) vacuum accelerator for high gradient laser acceleration in vacuum. By the use of an ultrashort (femtosecond), ultrahigh intensity chirped laser pulse both the IFEL interaction bandwidth and accelerating gradient are increased, thus yielding large gains in a compact system. In addition, the IFEL resonance condition can be maintained throughout the interaction region by using a chirped drive laser wave. In addition, diffraction can be alleviated by taking advantage of the laser optical bandwidth with negative dispersion focusing optics to produce a chromatic line focus. The combination of these features results in a compact, efficient vacuum laser accelerator which finds many applications including high energy physics, compact table-top laser accelerator for medical imaging and therapy, material science, and basic physics.

Hartemann, Frederic V. (Dublin, CA); Baldis, Hector A. (Pleasanton, CA); Landahl, Eric C. (Walnut Creek, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inverse design cid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Unified Dark Energy-Dark Matter model with Inverse Quintessence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a model where both dark energy and dark matter originate from the coupling of a scalar field with a non-conventional kinetic term to, both, a metric measure and a non-metric measure. An interacting dark energy/dark matter scenario can be obtained by introducing an additional scalar that can produce non constant vacuum energy and associated variations in dark matter. The phenomenology is most interesting when the kinetic term of the additional scalar field is ghost-type, since in this case the dark energy vanishes in the early universe and then grows with time. This constitutes an "inverse quintessence scenario", where the universe starts from a zero vacuum energy density state, instead of approaching it in the future.

Stefano Ansoldi; Eduardo I. Guendelman

2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

182

INVERSIONS FOR AVERAGE SUPERGRANULAR FLOWS USING FINITE-FREQUENCY KERNELS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

I analyze the maps recording the travel-time shifts caused by averaged plasma anomalies under an 'average supergranule', constructed by means of statistical averaging over 5582 individual supergranules with large divergence signals detected in two months of Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager Dopplergrams. By utilizing a three-dimensional validated time-distance inversion code, I measure a peak vertical velocity of 117 {+-} 2 m s{sup -1} at depths around 1.2 Mm in the center of the supergranule and a root-mean-square vertical velocity of 21 m s{sup -1} over the area of the supergranule. A discrepancy between this measurement and the measured surface vertical velocity (a few m s{sup -1}) can be explained by the existence of the large-amplitude vertical flow under the surface of supergranules with large divergence signals, recently suggested by Duvall and Hanasoge.

Svanda, Michal, E-mail: michal@astronomie.cz [Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (v.v.i.), Fricova 298, CZ-25165 Ondrejov (Czech Republic)

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

183

Inverse Faraday Effect with Linearly Polarized Laser Pulses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The inverse Faraday effect is usually associated with circularly polarized radiation; here, we show that it can also occur for linearly polarized radiation. The quasistatic axial magnetic field generated by a laser propagating in plasma can be calculated by considering both the spin and the orbital angular momenta of the laser pulse. A net spin is present when the radiation is circularly polarized and a net orbital angular momentum is present if there is any deviation from perfect rotational symmetry. The orbital angular momentum gives an additional contribution to the axial magnetic field that can enhance or reduce the effect usually attributed to circular polarization and strongly depends on the intensity profile of the Laguerre-Gaussian modes involving the azimuthal and radial mode numbers.

Ali, S. [Instituto de Plasmas e Fusao Nuclear--Laboratorio Associado, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Avenida Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); National Centre for Physics, Shahdra Valley Road, Quaid-i-Azam University Campus, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan); Davies, J. R.; Mendonca, J. T. [Instituto de Plasmas e Fusao Nuclear-Laboratorio Associado, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Avenida Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)

2010-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

184

Soliton Solutions with Real Poles in the Alekseev formulation of the Inverse-Scattering method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new approach to the inverse-scattering technique of Alekseev is presented which permits real-pole soliton solutions of the Ernst equations to be considered. This is achieved by adopting distinct real poles in the scattering matrix and its inverse. For the case in which the electromagnetic field vanishes, some explicit solutions are given using a Minkowski seed metric. The relation with the corresponding soliton solutions that can be constructed using the Belinskii-Zakharov inverse-scattering technique is determined.

S. Micciche; J. B. Griffiths

1999-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

185

On inverse problems in electromagnetic field in classical mechanics at fixed energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider inverse scattering and inverse boundary value problems at sufficiently large and fixed energy for the multidimensional relativistic and nonrelativistic Newton equations in a static external electromagnetic field $(V,B)$, $V\\in C^2,$ $B\\in C^1$ in classical mechanics. Developing the approach going back to Gerver-Nadirashvili 1983's work on an inverse problem of mechanics, we obtain, in particular, theorems of uniqueness.

Alexandre Jollivet

2007-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

186

Absolutely and uniformly convergent iterative approach to inverse scattering with an infinite radius of convergence  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and system for solving the inverse acoustic scattering problem using an iterative approach with consideration of half-off-shell transition matrix elements (near-field) information, where the Volterra inverse series correctly predicts the first two moments of the interaction, while the Fredholm inverse series is correct only for the first moment and that the Volterra approach provides a method for exactly obtaining interactions which can be written as a sum of delta functions.

Kouri, Donald J. (Houston, TX); Vijay, Amrendra (Houston, TX); Zhang, Haiyan (Houston, TX); Zhang, Jingfeng (Houston, TX); Hoffman, David K. (Ames, IA)

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Spherical Resorcinol-Formaldehyde Synthesis by Inverse Suspension Polymerization  

SciTech Connect

Base catalyzed sol-gel polycondensation of resorcinol (1,3-dihydroxybenzene) with formaldehyde by inverse suspension polymerization leads to the formation of uniform, highly cross-linked, translucent, spherical gels, which have increased selectivity and capacity for cesium ion removal from high alkaline solutions. Because of its high selectivity for cesium ion, resorcinol-formaldehyde (R-F) resins are being considered for process scale column radioactive cesium removal by ion-exchange at the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP), which is now under construction at the Hanford site. Other specialty resins such as Superlig{reg_sign} 644 have been ground and sieved and column tested for process scale radioactive cesium removal but show high pressure drops across the resin bed during transition from column regeneration to loading and elution. Furthermore, van Deemter considerations indicate better displacement column chromatography by the use of spherical particle beads rather than irregularly shaped ground or granular particles. In our studies batch contact equilibrium experiments using a high alkaline simulant show a definite increase in cesium loading onto spherical R-F resin. Distribution coefficient (Kd) values ranged from 777 to 429 mL/g in the presence of 0.1M and 0.7M potassium ions, respectively. Though other techniques for making R-F resins have been employed, to our knowledge no one has made spherical R-F resins by inverse suspension polymerization. Moreover, in this study we discuss the data comparisons to known algebraic isotherms used to evaluate ion-exchange resins for WTP plant scale cesium removal operations.

Ray, Robert J.; Scrivens, Walter A.; Nash, Charles

2005-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

188

Atmospheric Inverse Estimates of Methane Emissions from Central California  

SciTech Connect

Methane mixing ratios measured at a tall-tower are compared to model predictions to estimate surface emissions of CH{sub 4} in Central California for October-December 2007 using an inverse technique. Predicted CH{sub 4} mixing ratios are calculated based on spatially resolved a priori CH{sub 4} emissions and simulated atmospheric trajectories. The atmospheric trajectories, along with surface footprints, are computed using the Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) coupled to the Stochastic Time-Inverted Lagrangian Transport (STILT) model. An uncertainty analysis is performed to provide quantitative uncertainties in estimated CH{sub 4} emissions. Three inverse model estimates of CH{sub 4} emissions are reported. First, linear regressions of modeled and measured CH{sub 4} mixing ratios obtain slopes of 0.73 {+-} 0.11 and 1.09 {+-} 0.14 using California specific and Edgar 3.2 emission maps respectively, suggesting that actual CH{sub 4} emissions were about 37 {+-} 21% higher than California specific inventory estimates. Second, a Bayesian 'source' analysis suggests that livestock emissions are 63 {+-} 22% higher than the a priori estimates. Third, a Bayesian 'region' analysis is carried out for CH{sub 4} emissions from 13 sub-regions, which shows that inventory CH{sub 4} emissions from the Central Valley are underestimated and uncertainties in CH{sub 4} emissions are reduced for sub-regions near the tower site, yielding best estimates of flux from those regions consistent with 'source' analysis results. The uncertainty reductions for regions near the tower indicate that a regional network of measurements will be necessary to provide accurate estimates of surface CH{sub 4} emissions for multiple regions.

Zhao, Chuanfeng; Andrews, Arlyn E.; Bianco, Laura; Eluszkiewicz, Janusz; Hirsch, Adam; MacDonald, Clinton; Nehrkorn, Thomas; Fischer, Marc L.

2008-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

189

2D Joint Inversion Of Dc And Scalar Audio-Magnetotelluric Data...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

D Joint Inversion Of Dc And Scalar Audio-Magnetotelluric Data In The Evaluation Of Low Enthalpy Geothermal Fields Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home...

190

The inverse kinetics method and PID compensation of the Annular Core Research Reactor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis explores the development of a model describing the Annular Core Research Reactor (ACRR), the application of the inverse kinetics method to calculate the (more)

Garnas, Benjamin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Inverse beta decay reaction in $^{232}$Th and $^{233}$U fission antineutrino flux  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy spectra of antineutrinos coming from $^{232}$Th and $^{233}$U neutron-induced fission are calculated, relevant inverse beta decay $\\bar{{\

G. Domogatski; V. Kopeikin; L. Mikaelyan; V. Sinev

2004-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

192

Optimizing Nuclear Reaction Analysis (NRA) using Bayesian Experimental Design  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear Reaction Analysis with {sup 3}He holds the promise to measure Deuterium depth profiles up to large depths. However, the extraction of the depth profile from the measured data is an ill-posed inversion problem. Here we demonstrate how Bayesian Experimental Design can be used to optimize the number of measurements as well as the measurement energies to maximize the information gain. Comparison of the inversion properties of the optimized design with standard settings reveals huge possible gains. Application of the posterior sampling method allows to optimize the experimental settings interactively during the measurement process.

Toussaint, Udo von; Schwarz-Selinger, Thomas; Gori, Silvio [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstrasse 2 85748 Garching (Germany)

2008-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

193

Low-Level Inversions over the Tropical PacificThermodynamic Structure of the Boundary Layer and the Above-Inversion Moisture Structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structure of the boundary layer over a broad region of the equatorial Pacific is studied using dropwinsonde measurements made in January, February, May and June of 1979. Low-level inversions of sufficient strength to inhibit deep convection ...

Kevin A. Kloesel; Bruce A. Albrecht

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Creating bio-inspired hierarchical 3D-2D photonic stacks via planar lithography on self-assembled inverse opals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Structural hierarchy and complex 3D architecture are characteristics of biological photonic designs that are challenging to reproduce in synthetic materials. Top-down lithography allows for designer patterning of arbitrary shapes, but is largely restricted to planar 2D structures. Self-assembly techniques facilitate easy fabrication of 3D photonic crystals, but controllable defect-integration is difficult. In this paper we combine the advantages of top-down and bottom-up fabrication, developing two techniques to deposit 2D-lithographically-patterned planar layers on top of or in between inverse-opal 3D photonic crystals and creating hierarchical structures that resemble the architecture of the bright green wing scales of the butterfly, Parides sesostris. These fabrication procedures, combining advantages of both top-down and bottom-up fabrication, may prove useful in the development of omnidirectional coloration elements and 3D-2D photonic crystal devices.

Ian B. Burgess; Joanna Aizenberg; Marko Loncar

2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

195

Behavioral design to model a reactive decision of an expert in geothermal wells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Software design based on agents represents a new perspective for computer science and more specifically, for Artificial Intelligence. It is a new theory that has innovated the analysis, design and implementation of system software. The design of agents ... Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Autonomous action, Behavioral analysis, Cognitive models, Geothermal wells, Inverse problem, Multi-agent architecture, Reactive agents, Subjective domain, Temperature formation

Ana Lilia Laureano-Cruces; Gilberto Espinosa-Paredes

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Analytical inverse model for post-event attribution of plutonium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An integral part of deterring nuclear terrorism is the swift attribution of any event to a particular state or organization. By quickly being able to identify the responsible party after a nuclear event, appropriate people may be held accountable for their actions. Currently, there is a system in place to determine the origin of nuclear devices and materials from post-event data; however, the system requires significant time to produce an answer within acceptable error margins. Described here is a deterministic approach derived from first principles to solve the inverse problem. The derivation starts with the basic change rate equation and ends in relationships for important nuclear concentrations and device yield. This results in a computationally efficient and timely method for producing an estimate of the material attributes. This estimate can then be used as a starting point for other more detailed methods and reduce the overall computation time of the post-event forensics. This work focused on a specific type of nuclear event: a plutonium improvised nuclear device (IND) explosion. From post-event isotopic ratios, this method determines the devices pre-event isotopic concentrations of special nuclear material. From the original isotopic concentrations, the field of possible origins for the nuclear material is narrowed. In this scenario, knowing where the nuclear material did not originate is as important as knowing where it did. The derived methodology was tested using several cases of interest including simplified and realistic cases. For the simplistic cases, only two isotopes comprised the material being fissioned. In the realistic cases, both Weapons Grade and Reactor Grade plutonium were used to cover the spectrum of possible fissile material to be used by terrorists. The methodology performed very well over the desired energy range. Errors were under two percent from the expected values for all yields under 50 kT. In the realistic cases, competing reactions caused an increase in error; however, these stayed under five percent. As expected, with an increased yield, the error continued to rise, but these errors increased linearly. A sensitivity analysis was performed on the methodology to determine the impact of uncertainty in various physical constants. The result was that the inverse methodology is not overly sensitive to perturbations in these constants.

Miller, James Christopher

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Javascript Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From the Publisher:JavaScript Design shows designers how to create interactive JavaScript applications for the Web. It provides detailed descriptions of:JavaScript structures, statements and objectsUsing JavaScript to create different ...

Bill B. Sanders

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Drum type fossil fueled power plant control based on fuzzy inverse MIMO model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a new fuzzy controller is proposed based on inverse model of boiler-turbine system. Gain scheduling scheme is used to keep feedback rule as close as possible to optimal condition while generating plant Input/Output data. Interaction between ... Keywords: ANFIS, drum type fossil fueled power plant (FFPP), interaction, inverse model control, nonlinear model, robustness

Ali Ghaffari; Mansour Nikkhah Bahrami; Hesam Parsa

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Normal Inverse Gaussian Error Distributions Applied for the Positioning of Petroleum Wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Normal Inverse Gaussian Error Distributions Applied for the Positioning of Petroleum Wells Tony In this paper we present a new statistical model for the positioning of petroleum wells using magnetic of a well. The normal inverse Gaussian gives a more realistic fit to the magnetic observatory data than

Eidsvik, Jo

200

The inverse scattering problem for a discrete Sturm-Liouville equation on the line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the inverse scattering problem for a discrete Sturm-Liouville equation on the entire line with coefficients that stabilize to zero in one direction. We derive a necessary and a sufficient condition on the scattering data so that the inverse problem is uniquely solvable. Bibliography: 23 titles.

Khanmamedov, Agil Kh [Baku State University, Baku (Azerbaijan)

2011-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inverse design cid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

An Analytical Model of the Diurnal Oscillation of the Inversion Base Due to the Sea Breeze  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The diurnal oscillation of the height of the inversion due to the sea breeze is studied analytically by use of a linear model. The base of the inversion over the sea moved downward during daytime and upward during nighttime. Over the land the ...

Yizhak Feliks

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Circulation within the Ocean Storms Area Located in the Northeast Pacific Ocean Determined by Inverse Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An inverse model was applied to hydrographic data obtained from a cruise in the autumn of 1987 in a small area (300 250 km) in the northeast Pacific Ocean. The inverse model used geostrophy and a linear ?-plane vorticity equation as dynamical ...

R. J. Matear

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Generation of pornographic blacklist and its incremental update using an inverse chi-square based method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presented an inverse chi-square based web content classification system that works along with an incremental update mechanism for incremental generation of pornographic blacklist. The proposed system, as indicated from the experimental results, ... Keywords: Incremental update, Inverse chi-square function, Pornographic blacklist, Web content classification

Lung-Hao Lee; Cheng-Jye Luh

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Gravity inversion using a binary formulation Richard A. Krahenbuhl* and Yaoguo Li  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gravity inversion using a binary formulation Richard A. Krahenbuhl* and Yaoguo Li Gravity contrast that gives rise to zero gravity response on the surface. As a result, part of the salt structure structure using gravity data can be divided into two general categories. The first are interface inversions

205

Stability estimates for the inverse boundary value problem by partial Cauchy data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we study the inverse conductivity problem with partial data in dimension $n\\geq 3$. We derive stability estimates for this inverse problem if the conductivity has $C^{1,\\sigma}(\\bar\\Omega)\\cap H^{3/2+\\sigma}(\\Omega)$ regularity for $0<\\sigma<1$.

Ru-Yu Lai

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

206

Dimensionality reduction and polynomial chaos acceleration of Bayesian inference in inverse problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a Bayesian approach to nonlinear inverse problems in which the unknown quantity is a spatial or temporal field, endowed with a hierarchical Gaussian process prior. Computational challenges in this construction arise from the need for repeated ... Keywords: Bayesian inference, Dimensionality reduction, Galerkin projection, Gaussian processes, Inverse problems, Karhunen-Love expansion, Markov chain Monte Carlo, Polynomial chaos, RKHS

Youssef M. Marzouk; Habib N. Najm

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

A 3-D gravity inversion tool based on exploration of model possibilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A computational tool for the development and implementation of a recently published method of 3-D (three dimensional) inversion for gravity data is presented. This method seeks to determine the geometry of an indefinite number of anomalous bodies with ... Keywords: anomalous density contrast, gravity anomaly, gravity inversion, model exploration, three-dimensional models

Antonio G. Camacho; Fuensanta G. Montesinos; Ricardo Vieira

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

On inverse problems for the multidimensional relativistic Newton equation at fixed energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider inverse scattering and inverse boundary value problems at sufficiently large and fixed energy for the multidimensional relativistic Newton equation with an external potential $V$, $V\\in C^2$. Using known results, we obtain, in particular, theorems of uniqueness.

Alexandre Jollivet

2006-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

209

New Systolic Architectures for Inversion and Division in GF(2^m)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AbstractWe present two systolic architectures for inversion and division in GF(2^m)based on a modified extended Euclidean algorithm. Our architectures are similar to those proposed by others in that they consist of two-dimensional arrays of computing ... Keywords: Finite fields, field arithmetic, inversion, division, systolic, extended Euclidean algorithm.

Zhiyuan Yan; Dilip V. Sarwate

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

A modified Tikhonov regularization method for a spherically symmetric three-dimensional inverse heat conduction problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with a spherically symmetric three-dimensional inverse heat conduction problem of determining the internal surface temperature distribution of a hollow sphere from the measured data at a fixed location inside it. This is an ill-posed ... Keywords: Error estimate, Ill-posed problem, Regularization, Spherically symmetric inverse heat conduction problem

Wei Cheng; Chu-Li Fu; Zhi Qian

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Significant Inversions and Rapid In Situ Cooling at a Well-Sited Oklahoma Mesonet Station  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The El Reno Oklahoma Mesonet (ELRE) site is one of a few Oklahoma Mesonet sites that has measured inversions of 10C or greater between 1.5 and 9 m. Historical analyses revealed that strong inversions at ELRE have occurred because of rapid ...

Eric D. Hunt; Jeffrey B. Basara; Cynthia R. Morgan

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Experimental design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Maximizing data information requires careful selection, termed design, of the points at which data are observed. Experimental design is reviewed here for broad classes of data collection and analysis problems, including: fractioning techniques ... Keywords: Key Design Issues in Data Mining, Science and Technology, Statistical Fundamentals

J. P. Morgan; Xinwei Deng

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Restarted inverse Born series for the Schrdinger problem with discrete internal measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Convergence and stability results for the inverse Born series [Moskow and Schotland, Inverse Problems, 24:065005, 2008] are generalized to mappings between Banach spaces. We show that by restarting the inverse Born series one obtains a class of iterative methods containing the Gauss-Newton and Chebyshev-Halley methods. We use the generalized inverse Born series results to show convergence of the inverse Born series for the Schr\\"odinger problem with discrete internal measurements. In this problem, the Schr\\"odinger potential is to be recovered from a few measurements of solutions to the Schr\\"odinger equation resulting from a few different source terms. An application of this method to a problem related to transient hydraulic tomography is given, where the source terms model injection and measurement wells.

Patrick Bardsley; Fernando Guevara Vasquez

2013-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

214

Solving Inverse Detection Problems Using Passive Radiation Signatures  

SciTech Connect

The ability to reconstruct an unknown radioactive object based on its passive gamma-ray and neutron signatures is very important in homeland security applications. Often in the analysis of unknown radioactive objects, for simplicity or speed or because there is no other information, they are modeled as spherically symmetric regardless of their actual geometry. In these presentation we discuss the accuracy and implications of this approximation for decay gamma rays and for neutron-induced gamma rays. We discuss an extension of spherical raytracing (for uncollided fluxes) that allows it to be used when the exterior shielding is flat or cylindrical. We revisit some early results in boundary perturbation theory, showing that the Roussopolos estimate is the correct one to use when the quantity of interest is the flux or leakage on the boundary. We apply boundary perturbation theory to problems in which spherically symmetric systems are perturbed in asymmetric nonspherical ways. We apply mesh adaptive direct search (MADS) algorithms to object reconstructions. We present a benchmark test set that may be used to quantitatively evaluate inverse detection methods.

Favorite, Jeffrey A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Armstrong, Jerawan C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Vaquer, Pablo A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

215

Inverse Kriging to Enhance Spatial Resolution of Imagery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a unique approach to image resolution enhancement, inverse kriging (IK), which takes advantage of the spatial relationship between high- and low-resolution images within an area of overlap. Once established, this mathematical relationship then can be applied across the entire low-resolution image to significantly sharpen the image. The mathematical relationship uses the spatial correlations within the low-resolution image and between the low and high spatial-resolution imagery. Two of the most important requirements of the technique are that the images be co-registered well within the resolution of the larger pixels and that the spatial structure of the training area (where the spatial correlation statistics are compared) is similar to the structure of the remaining image area where it will be applied. Testing was performed using same-sensor and multi-sensor imagery. We show results that indicate that the method does improve the low spatial-resolution imagery. The selection of a training area spatial structure similar to the area being processed is important, as areas with different spatial structure (e.g., vegetation versus buildings and roads) will produce poor results. Comparisons with bilinear interpolation demonstrate that IK could be used as an improved interpolation tool, for example, in the image-registration process.

Petrie, Gregg M. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Heasler, Patrick G. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Perry, Eileen M. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Thompson, Sandra E. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Daly, Don S. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB))

2002-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

216

Development of an Inverse Algorithm for Resonance Inspection  

SciTech Connect

Resonance inspection (RI), which employs the natural frequency spectra shift between the good and the anomalous part populations to detect defects, is a non-destructive evaluation (NDE) technique with many advantages such as low inspection cost, high testing speed, and broad applicability to structures with complex geometry compared to other contemporary NDE methods. It has already been widely used in the automobile industry for quality inspections of safety critical parts. Unlike some conventionally used NDE methods, the current RI technology is unable to provide details, i.e. location, dimension, or types, of the flaws for the discrepant parts. Such limitation severely hinders its wide spread applications and further development. In this study, an inverse RI algorithm based on maximum correlation function is proposed to quantify the location and size of flaws for a discrepant part. A dog-bone shaped stainless steel sample with and without controlled flaws are used for algorithm development and validation. The results show that multiple flaws can be accurately pinpointed back using the algorithms developed, and the prediction accuracy decreases with increasing flaw numbers and decreasing distance between flaws.

Lai, Canhai; Xu, Wei; Sun, Xin

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Inverse Compton X-ray signature of AGN feedback  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bright AGN frequently show ultra-fast outflows (UFOs) with outflow velocities vout ! 0.1c. These outflows may be the source of AGN feedback on their host galaxies sought by galaxy formation modellers. The exact effect of the outflows on the ambient galaxy gas strongly depends on whether the shocked UFOs cool rapidly or not. This in turn depends on whether the shocked electrons share the same temperature as ions (one temperature regime; 1T) or decouple (2T), as has been recently suggested. Here we calculate the Inverse Compton spectrum emitted by such shocks, finding a broad feature potentially detectable either in mid-to-high energy X-rays (1T case) or only in the soft X-rays (2T). We argue that current observations of AGN do not seem to show evidence for the 1T component, while the limits on the 2T emission are far weaker. This suggests that UFOs are in the energy-driven regime outside the central few pc, and must pump considerable amounts of not only momentum but also energy into the ambient gas. We encoura...

Bourne, Martin A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

An Aerodynamic Design Technique For Optimizing Fan Blade Spacing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INTRODUCTION Aerodynamic shape optimization involves designing the most efficient shapes of bodies that move through fluids. An optimization algorithm perturbs the shape of an airfoil until it finds the shape which best exhibits a given design objective. For an inverse design technique, this objective is a prescribed aerodynamic distribution, usually the surface pressure distribution. Liebeck pressure distributions [1], for example, have been demonstrated to generate airfoils with high lift to drag ratios. When designing fans, consideration must be given not only to the shape of the fan blades, but also to the distance separating the fan blades. This spacing is defined by the pitch/chord ratio t/l, where the pitch, t, is the distance between fan blades, and the chord, l, is the length of each fan blade. In this work, an inverse algorithm is developed, then used to design fan blade shapes and to find the optimal blade spacing.

T. Rogalsky; R.W. Derksen; Rt N; Rt N; S. Kocabiyik

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Designing Creativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Is it possible to design for creativity? This is one of the most important research questions in AI and Design. This paper raises the question whether automated software agent design can be creative. Not only is the artefact dynamic in the sense that it adapts to its environment, it is also autonomous: an agent decides on its own when to be modified and by whom. An agent's functionality may evolve beyond the expectations of its designers and/or users resulting in very new, unique artefacts. Is this type of design creative? Is the process creative? The result? 1.

Frances M. T. Brazier; Niek J. E. Wijngaards

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Effects of burial history, rock ductility and recovery magnitude on inversion of normal faulted strata  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inversion of normal faults at different burial depths is studied using physical models constructed with rock and deformed at confining pressure. Models consist of a 1 cm thick limestone layer above a fault dipping 70 in a rigid medium, and are subjected to a two-stage deformation path of layer-parallel extension followed by coaxial contraction. To investigate the effects of burial depth and relative ductility on kinematics of inversion, five model suites were run in which confining pressure and recovery magnitudes were varied. In all models, a normal fault forms in the limestone during extension. Subsequent inversion is accommodated in the limestone by reverse slip on the normal fault, creation and movement along new reverse faults, and distributed fracturing and folding. The relative contribution of these mechanisms depends on the relative ductility of the rock and magnitude of inversion. Reverse slip on the normal fault and distributed fracturing occur during early stages of inversion and new reverse faults form at intermediate stages. During late stage inversion, strata with low mean ductility shorten primarily by reverse slip on the pre-existing normal fault, whereas strata with high mean ductility shorten by continued slip on reverse faults. Evidence for inversion is provided by superposed fracture fabrics in the footwall at early stages (100% recovery). This change in fracture fabric during inversion could lead to an overpressured footwall in natural inversion structures. Reverse reactivation of the normal faults may occur during coaxial contraction even though such faults are unfavorably oriented assuming typical rock friction behavior and a homogeneous stress state. Localized reverse slip on normal faults is favored when strata display low ductility and less favored when strata work-harden during extension, however, the models show that the final inversion geometry is dependent on the ductility during both phases of deformation. Even a fault that is work-hardened during extension can reactivate if the ductility during contraction is low enough.

Kuhle, Nathan John

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inverse design cid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

LENDA, a Low Energy Neutron Detector Array for experiments with radioactive beams in inverse kinematics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Low Energy Neutron Detector Array (LENDA) is a neutron time-of-flight (TOF) spectrometer developed at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab- oratory (NSCL) for use in inverse kinematics experiments with rare isotope beams. Its design has been motivated by the need to study the spin-isospin response of unstable nuclei using (p, n) charge-exchange reactions at intermediate energies (> 100 MeV/u). It can be used, however, for any reaction study that involves emission of low energy neutrons (150 keV - 10 MeV). The array consists of 24 plastic scintillator bars and is capable of registering the recoiling neutron energy and angle with high detection efficiency. The neutron energy is determined by the time-of-flight technique, while the position of interaction is deduced using the timing and energy information from the two photomultipliers of each bar. A simple test setup utilizing radioactive sources has been used to characterize the array. Results of test measurements are compared with simulations. A neutron energy threshold of 20 % for neutrons below 4 MeV have been obtained.

G. Perdikakis; M. Sasano; Sam M. Austin; D. Bazin; C. Caesar; S. Cannon; J. M. Deaven; H. J. Doster; C. J. Guess; G. W. Hitt; J. Marks; R. Meharchand; D. T. Nguyen; D. Peterman; A. Prinke; M. Scott; Y. Shimbara; K. Thorne; L. Valdez; R. G. T. Zegers

2011-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

222

Hierarchical probing for estimating the trace of the matrix inverse on toroidal lattices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The standard approach for computing the trace of the inverse of a very large, sparse matrix $A$ is to view the trace as the mean value of matrix quadratures, and use the Monte Carlo algorithm to estimate it. This approach is heavily used in our motivating application of Lattice QCD. Often, the elements of $A^{-1}$ display certain decay properties away from the non zero structure of $A$, but random vectors cannot exploit this induced structure of $A^{-1}$. Probing is a technique that, given a sparsity pattern of $A$, discovers elements of $A$ through matrix-vector multiplications with specially designed vectors. In the case of $A^{-1}$, the pattern is obtained by distance-$k$ coloring of the graph of $A$. For sufficiently large $k$, the method produces accurate trace estimates but the cost of producing the colorings becomes prohibitively expensive. More importantly, it is difficult to search for an optimal $k$ value, since none of the work for prior choices of $k$ can be reused.

Andreas Stathopoulos; Jesse Laeuchli; Kostas Orginos

2013-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

223

Acceleration of electrons using an inverse free electron laser auto- accelerator  

SciTech Connect

We present data from our study of a device known as the inverse free electron laser. First, numerical simulations were performed to optimize the design parameters for an experiment that accelerates electrons in the presence of an undulator by stimulated absorption of radiation. The Columbia free electron laser (FEL) was configured as an auto-accelerator (IFELA) system; high power (MW`s) FEL radiation at {approximately}1.65 mm is developed along the first section of an undulator inside a quasi-optical resonator. The electron beam then traverses a second section of undulator where a fraction of the electrons is accelerated by stimulated absorption of the 1.65 mm wavelength power developed in the first undulator section. The second undulator section has very low gain and does not generate power on its own. We have found that as much as 60% of the power generated in the first section can be absorbed in the second section, providing that the initial electron energy is chosen correctly with respect to the parameters chosen for the first and second undulators. An electron momentum spectrometer is used to monitor the distribution of electron energies as the electrons exit the IFELA. We have found; using our experimental parameters, that roughly 10% of the electrons are accelerated to energies as high as 1100 keV, in accordance with predictions from the numerical model. The appearance of high energy electrons is correlated with the abrupt absorption of millimeter power. The autoaccelerator configuration is used because there is no intense source of coherent power at the 1.65 mm design wavelength other than the FEL.

Wernick, I.K.; Marshall, T.C.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Acceleration of electrons using an inverse free electron laser auto- accelerator  

SciTech Connect

We present data from our study of a device known as the inverse free electron laser. First, numerical simulations were performed to optimize the design parameters for an experiment that accelerates electrons in the presence of an undulator by stimulated absorption of radiation. The Columbia free electron laser (FEL) was configured as an auto-accelerator (IFELA) system; high power (MW's) FEL radiation at {approximately}1.65 mm is developed along the first section of an undulator inside a quasi-optical resonator. The electron beam then traverses a second section of undulator where a fraction of the electrons is accelerated by stimulated absorption of the 1.65 mm wavelength power developed in the first undulator section. The second undulator section has very low gain and does not generate power on its own. We have found that as much as 60% of the power generated in the first section can be absorbed in the second section, providing that the initial electron energy is chosen correctly with respect to the parameters chosen for the first and second undulators. An electron momentum spectrometer is used to monitor the distribution of electron energies as the electrons exit the IFELA. We have found; using our experimental parameters, that roughly 10% of the electrons are accelerated to energies as high as 1100 keV, in accordance with predictions from the numerical model. The appearance of high energy electrons is correlated with the abrupt absorption of millimeter power. The autoaccelerator configuration is used because there is no intense source of coherent power at the 1.65 mm design wavelength other than the FEL.

Wernick, I.K.; Marshall, T.C.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Efficient Inversion of Multi-frequency and Multi-source Electromagnetic Data: Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BES grant DE-FG02-06ER15819 supported efforts at Oregon State University (OSU) to develop improved inversion methods for 3D subsurface electromagnetic (EM) imaging. Three interrelated activities have been supported by this grant, and its predecessor (DE-FG02-06ER15818): (1) collaboration with a former student of the PI, Dr. Weerachai Siripunvaraporn (now Professor at Mahidol University in Bangkok, Thailand) on developing and refining inversion methods for 3D Magnetotelluric (MT) data . (2) Development at Oregon State University of a new modular system of computer codes for EM inversion, and initial testing and application of this inversion on several large field data sets. (3) Research on more efficient approaches to multi-transmitter EM inverse problems, to optimize use of expensive data sensitivity calculations needed for gradient based inversion schemes. The last of these activities was the main motivation for this research project, but the first two activities were important enabling steps that produced useful products and results in their own right, including freely avaialable software for 3D inversion of EM geophysical data.

Gary D. Egbert

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

226

1 Lossy Electric Transmission Line Soft Fault Diagnosis: an Inverse Scattering Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AbstractIn this paper, the diagnosis of soft faults in lossy electric transmission lines is studied through the inverse scattering approach. The considered soft faults are modeled as continuous spatial variations of distributed characteristic parameters of transmission lines. The diagnosis of such faults from reflection and transmission coefficients measured at the ends of a line can be formulated as an inverse problem. The relationship between this inverse problem and the inverse scattering theory has been studied by Jaulent in 1982 through transformations from the telegraphers equations of transmission lines to Zakharov-Shabat equations. The present paper clarifies and completes the computation of the theoretic scattering data required by the inverse scattering transform from the practically measured engineering scattering data. The inverse scattering method is then applied to numerically simulated lossy transmission lines to confirm the feasibility of the studied approach to soft fault diagnosis. Index Termsinverse scattering, lossy transmission line, soft fault diagnosis, telegraphers equations, Zakharov-Shabat equations. I.

Huaibin Tang; Qinghua Zhang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

IOP PUBLISHING INVERSE PROBLEMS Inverse Problems 24 (2008) 025016 (14pp) doi:10.1088/0266-5611/24/2/025016  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. It is an established branch of statistics (Atkinson and Donev 1992, P´azman 1986), but has not yet been widely applied A C and Donev A N 1992 Optimum Experimental Designs (Oxford: Oxford University Press) Chaloner K

228

Anomaly-free perturbations with inverse-volume and holonomy corrections in Loop Quantum Cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article addresses the issue of the closure of the algebra of constraints for generic (cosmological) perturbations when taking into account simultaneously the two main corrections of effective loop quantum cosmology, namely the holonomy and the inverse-volume terms. Previous works on either the holonomy or the inverse volume case are reviewed and generalized. In the inverse-volume case, we point out new possibilities. An anomaly-free solution including both corrections is found for perturbations, and the corresponding equations of motion are derived.

Thomas Cailleteau; Linda Linsefors; Aurelien Barrau

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

229

A genetic algorithm approach to a neural-network-based inverse kinematics solution of robotic manipulators based on error minimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The solution of the inverse kinematics problem is fundamental in robot control. Many traditional inverse kinematics problem solutions, such as the geometric, iterative, and algebraic approaches, are inadequate for redundant robots. Recently, much attention ... Keywords: 6-Degree-of-freedom robot, Elman networks, Genetic algorithms, Inverse kinematics problem, Neural networks, Robotics

Ra?It KKer

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Design Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Design Design Specifications Services Overview ECS Audio/Video Conferencing Fasterdata IPv6 Network Network Performance Tools (perfSONAR) ESnet OID Registry PGP Key Service Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) OSCARS Case Study Documentation User Manual FAQ Design Specifications Functional Specifications Notifications Publications Authorization Policy Default Attributes Message Security Clients For Developers Interfaces Links Hardware Requirements DOE Grids Service Transition Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Design Specifications OSCARS Reservation Manager - Design Specifications Year 3 Update (DRAFT) David Robertson, Chin Guok

231

El Cid de las Mocedades El tema de esta ponencia ser una interpretacin histrica del Cid de las  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reconocimiento por su parte del señorío del rey el que éste fuese armado (v. 645-656): E sopo lo el rey moro Et quando lo sopo Rodrigo Caualgo muy priuado. entre dia & noche açamora es llegado al rey se omjllo

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

232

Stochastic noise characteristics in matrix inversion tomosynthesis (MITS)  

SciTech Connect

Matrix inversion tomosynthesis (MITS) uses known imaging geometry and linear systems theory to deterministically separate in-plane detail from residual tomographic blur in a set of conventional tomosynthesis (''shift-and-add'') planes. A previous investigation explored the effect of scan angle (ANG), number of projections (N), and number of reconstructed planes (NP) on the MITS impulse response and modulation transfer function characteristics, and concluded that ANG=20 deg., N=71, and NP=69 is the optimal MITS imaging technique for chest imaging on our prototype tomosynthesis system. This article examines the effect of ANG, N, and NP on the MITS exposure-normalized noise power spectra (ENNPS) and seeks to confirm that the imaging parameters selected previously by an analysis of the MITS impulse response also yield reasonable stochastic properties in MITS reconstructed planes. ENNPS curves were generated for experimentally acquired mean-subtracted projection images, conventional tomosynthesis planes, and MITS planes with varying combinations of the parameters ANG, N, and NP. Image data were collected using a prototype tomosynthesis system, with 11.4 cm acrylic placed near the image receptor to produce lung-equivalent beam hardening and scattered radiation. Ten identically acquired tomosynthesis data sets (realizations) were collected for each selected technique and used to generate ensemble mean images that were subtracted from individual image realizations prior to noise power spectra (NPS) estimation. NPS curves were normalized to account for differences in entrance exposure (as measured with an ion chamber), yielding estimates of the ENNPS for each technique. Results suggest that mid- and high-frequency noise in MITS planes is fairly equivalent in magnitude to noise in conventional tomosynthesis planes, but low-frequency noise is amplified in the most anterior and posterior reconstruction planes. Selecting the largest available number of projections (N=71) does not incur any appreciable additive electronic noise penalty compared to using fewer projections for roughly equivalent cumulative exposure. Stochastic noise is minimized by maximizing N and NP but increases with increasing ANG. The noise trend results for NP and ANG are contrary to what would be predicted by simply considering the MITS matrix conditioning and likely result from the interplay between noise correlation and the polarity of the MITS filters. From this study, the authors conclude that the previously determined optimal MITS imaging strategy based on impulse response considerations produces somewhat suboptimal stochastic noise characteristics, but is probably still the best technique for MITS imaging of the chest.

Godfrey, Devon J.; McAdams, H. P.; Dobbins, James T. III [Department of Radiology, Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, DUMC 3295, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States); Department of Radiology, Duke Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, DUMC 3308, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States); Department of Radiology and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, 2424 Erwin Rd., Suite 302, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

2D Joint Inversion Of Dc And Scalar Audio-Magnetotelluric Data In The  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Joint Inversion Of Dc And Scalar Audio-Magnetotelluric Data In The Joint Inversion Of Dc And Scalar Audio-Magnetotelluric Data In The Evaluation Of Low Enthalpy Geothermal Fields Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: 2D Joint Inversion Of DC And Scalar Audio-Magnetotelluric Data In The Evaluation Of Low Enthalpy Geothermal Fields Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Audio-magnetotelluric (AMT) and resistivity (dc) surveys are often used in environmental, hydrological and geothermal evaluation. The separate interpretation of those geophysical data sets assuming two-dimensional models frequently produces ambiguous results. The joint inversion of AMT and dc data is advocated by several authors as an efficient method for reducing the ambiguity inherent to each of those

234

Peak Tracking by Simultaneous Inversion: Toward a One-Step Acoustic Tomography Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of geophysical observing techniques, including ocean acoustic tomography, obtain sequences of records of which the observed relative maxima (peaks) are used to infer properties of the system via inversions. Traditionally, these peaks ...

Uwe Send

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Prediction of Tropical Atlantic Sea Surface Temperatures Using Linear Inverse Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The predictability of tropical Atlantic sea surface temperature on seasonal to interannual timescales by linear inverse modeling is quantified. The authors find that predictability of Caribbean Sea and north tropical Atlantic sea surface ...

Ccile Penland; Ludmila Matrosova

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

A survey of current issues in inverse problem theory as applied to thermal wave imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recovery of optical and thermal property depth profiles using thermal waves relies directly on the application of inverse problem theory to the photothermal data. A general strategy for assessing and interrelating existing works in the field is presented.

J. F. Power

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

The Structure of the Marine inversion Layer off the Central California Coast: Mesoscale Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data collected on board an instrumented aircraft during the Marine Atmospheric Boundary Layer Experiments, West Coast (MABLES WC) field study are examined. The data were collected at several levels in the marine and inversion layers approximately ...

Alison F. C. Bridger; William C. Brick; Peter F. Lester

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Drainage Flow Characteristics and Inversion Breakup in Two Alberta Mountain Valleys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind and temperature profiles and corresponding acoustic sounder data collected in September 1982 are presented for nocturnal drainage flow and inversion breakup in two Alberta mountain valleys. The results show that the diurnal amplitude of ...

Steven K. Sakiyama

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Chemical Source Inversion Using Assimilated Constituent Observations in an Idealized Two-Dimensional System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A source inversion technique for chemical constituents is presented that uses assimilated constituent observations rather than directly using the observations. The method is tested with a simple model problem, which is a two-dimensional Fourier...

Andrew Tangborn; Robert Cooper; Steven Pawson; Zhibin Sun

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

A Rate Equation for the Inversion Height in a Nocturnal Boundary Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The application of a self-similar profile in the integration of the temperature equation across the stable boundary layer leads to a rate equation for the inversion height. An analytic solution of the resulting equation is derived. Its behavior ...

F. T. M. Nieuwstadt

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inverse design cid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Multifrequency and multistatic inverse synthetic aperture radar, with application to FM passive radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the imaging of a moving target using a multifrequency and multistatic radar consisting in one receiver and several narrowband transmitters. Considering two hypotheses about the studied target, we derive two multistatic inverse synthetic ...

Guillaume Ginolhac; Franoise Schmitt; Franck Daout; Philippe Forster

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Inverse Analysis Adjustment of the SOC AirSea Flux Climatology Using Ocean Heat Transport Constraints  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results are presented from a linear inverse analysis of the Southampton Oceanography Centre (SOC) airsea flux climatology using 10 hydrographic ocean heat transport constraints distributed throughout the Atlantic and North Pacific Oceans. A ...

Jeremy P. Grist; Simon A. Josey

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Note on the Use of the Inverse Gaussian Distribution for Wind Energy Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The inverse Gaussian distribution is suggested as an alternative to the three-parameter Weibull distribution for the description of wind speed data with low frequencies of low speeds. A comparison of the two distributions indicates a region of ...

W. E. Bardsley

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Non-linear inversion modeling for Ultrasound Computer Tomography: transition from soft to hard tissues imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-linear inversion modeling for Ultrasound Computer Tomography: transition from soft to hard, the tomographic procedure used is adapted to broadband data acquired in scattering configurations while, Iterative Approximation, Soft Tissues Imaging, Hard Tissues Imaging, Breast, Bones 1. INTRODUCTION

245

Breakup of Temperature Inversions in Deep Mountain Valleys: Part II. Thermodynamic Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A thermodynamic model is developed to simulate the evolution of vertical temperature structure during the breakup of nocturnal temperature inversions in mountain valleys. The primary inputs to the model are the valley floor width, sidewall ...

C. David Whiteman; Thomas B. McKee

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Estimation of Meridional Heat Flux in the North Atlantic by Inverse Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrographic sections spanning the Atlantic Ocean at 24, 36 and 48N are used to make an estimate of meridional heat flux in the ocean. An inverse method provides reference level velocities for geostrophic calculations, consistent with ...

Dean Roemmich

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Resolution Dependence of the Tropopause Inversion Layer in an Idealized Model for Upper-Tropospheric Anticyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This note investigates the dependence of the extratropical tropopause inversion layer (TIL) on numerical resolution in an idealized modeling framework. Axisymmetric upper-tropospheric anticyclones are constructed by specifying potential vorticity ...

Andreas Mller; Volkmar Wirth

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Inverse Parameter Estimation of the Turbulent Surface Layer from Single-Level Data and Surface Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple inverse parameter estimation method is used in a practical diagnostic approach to obtain the surface roughness lengths and surface resistance parameters from a chi-square cost function containing measurements of wind speed and air ...

P. Martano

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

The General Circulation and Meridional Heat Transport of the Subtropical South Atlantic Determined by Inverse Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using hydrographic data of the IGY and METEOR expeditions, the inverse method of Wunsch (1978) has been applied to the subtropical South Atlantic Ocean to determine its general circulation and meridional heat transport. The method is based on the ...

Lee-Lueng Fu

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

RETRIEVAL OF ATMOSPHERIC INVERSIONS USING GEOSTATIONARY HIGH-SPECTRAL-RESOLUTION SOUNDER RADIANCE INFORMATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P5.38 RETRIEVAL OF ATMOSPHERIC INVERSIONS USING GEOSTATIONARY HIGH-SPECTRAL- RESOLUTION SOUNDER RADIANCE INFORMATION Jun Li Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS) University and possible fog formation, numerical model initialization, and sounding retrieval. High- spectral

Li, Jun

251

Wintertime Evolution of the Temperature Inversion in the Colorado Plateau Basin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Colorado Plateau, surrounded by a ring of mountains, has the meteorological characteristics of a basin. Deep, persistent potential temperature inversions form in this basin in winter. The formation, maintenance, and dissipation of these ...

C. David Whiteman; Xindi Bian; Shiyuan Zhong

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

An Assessment of the Differential Inversion Method for Remote Sounding of Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have explored the applicability of the differential inversion (DI) method to temperature retrievals in both clear and cloudy atmospheres using red satellite data. The main theme of the DI is that the local Planck intensity can be exactly ...

S. C. Ou; K. N. Liou; J. F. King

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Dimensionality reduction and polynomial chaos acceleration of Bayesian inference in inverse problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a Bayesian approach to nonlinear inverse problems in which the unknown quantity is a spatial or temporal field, endowed with a hierarchical Gaussian process prior. Computational challenges in this construction ...

Marzouk, Youssef M.

254

In Situ Observations of Kelvin-Helmholtz Waves along a Frontal Inversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An unusual set of observations of amplifying Kelvin-Helmholtz waves along a New England coastal front inversion is presented and compared to linear theory. The waves were observed by instrumented aircraft traversing the coastal front at various ...

John W. Nielsen

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Effect of Varied Air Flow on Flame Structure of Laminar Inverse Diffusion Flames  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D.A. , Combustion and Flame, 111:185, Table 1 IDF OperatingEffect of Varied Air Flow on Flame Structure ofLaminar Inverse Diffusion Flames Western States Section/

Mikofski, Mark A; Williams, Timothy C; Shaddix, Christopher R; Blevins, Linda G

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Laplace Transform Inversion and Passage-Time Distributions in Markov Processes Peter G. Harrison  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by inspection, e.g. for a single Erlang distribution, the most common approach to deriving distributions in the time domain from transforms is by numerical inversion, see for example Davies and Martin (1979), Abate

Imperial College, London

257

A Look at the Surface-Based Temperature Inversion on the Antarctic Plateau  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data from radiosondes, towers, and a thermistor string are used to characterize the temperature inversion at two stations: the Amundsen-Scott Station at the South Pole, and the somewhat higher and colder Dome C Station at a lower latitude.

Stephen R. Hudson; Richard E. Brandt

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

A Closed Form Solution for Inverse Kinematics of Robot Manipulator with Redundancy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A closed form equation for inverse kinematics of manipulator with redundancy is derived, using the Lagrangian multiplier method. The proposed equation is proved to provide the exact equilibrium state for the resolved ...

Chang, Pyung H.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Characterization of polycrystals with elongated duplex microstructure by inversion of ultrasonic backscattering data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this letter a simple analytical ultrasonic backscattering model is proposed for determination of characteristic microstructural scales in polycrystalline materials with elongated grains. The inversion methodology for microstructural parameters is based on backscattering coefficient ratios measured in different propagation directions. The ultrasonic backscattering measurements were performed on a Ti alloy sample with a duplex microstructure and the model was applied to experimental data inversion to size the material microtexture.

Lobkis, O. I.; Rokhlin, S. I. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Edison Joining Technology Center, Ohio State University, 1248 Arthur E. Adams Dr., Columbus, Ohio 43221 (United States)

2010-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

260

Engitectural Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traditionally, Architecture and Engineering have been disciplines practiced exclusive of one another's input and collaboration. This seemingly awkward custom is due in part to tradition and to the two distinct perspectives each discipline has concerning the function of a building and it's many components. In the past, collaboration on a project generally occurred out of necessity, and can usually be attributed to a system and design integration problems. In most instances, these issues are related to the mechanical systems of building, and in a hot and humid climate the issues are magnified. Therefore, this paper will discuss the concepts and merits of a new design process called: Engitectural Design. Engitectural Design is the concept of blending the many design and aesthetic concerns of architecture with the more technical aspects of engineering, especially in the area of mechanical HVAC systems. The use of this new design procedure will reduce, if not eliminate, current problems with clearances, mechanical room size and optimal area selection. Merely incorporating the mechanical needs of a building during the schematic phase will reduce communication problems that cause the above mentioned problems, and thus optimize the system. This paper will address the mutual concerns of both professions as it pertains to materials, lighting, surface finishes, passive and active solar and the use of landscaping, focusing on the benefits of mutual agreement in a hot and humid climate. To be successful, the collaboration must begin in pre-design and continue through project completion. During initial implementation of Engitectural Design, a fm can expect each phase of a project to take longer than usual. Lack of established relationships, poor communication and professional territorial rights will exist in the beginning. However, over time a fm can expect a time reduction due to fewer revisions and the elimination of duplicated work. As it pertains to today's more advanced HVAC systems, this new cooperation and understanding of the needs within disciplines will yield a more effective and efficient operating unit for today's hot and humid environment.

Gagliardi, D. R.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inverse design cid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Design and development of an automotive organic Rankine-cycle powerplant with a reciprocating expander. Final report. Volume II. Detailed discussion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Work performed for the design and development of an organic Rankine-cycle engine for automobile propulsion is reported. An automotive power plant using an organic Rankine-cycle system with a reciprocating expander has been designed, built, and tested on an engine dynamometer in a preprototype configuration. The system is designed to provide performance approximately equivalent to that of a 351-CID internal combustion engine in the reference car, a 1972 Ford Galaxie 500. A description of the preprototype system, major components, and results from component and system testing are presented. The fuel economy based on steady-state measurements is estimated to be 10.2 mpg over the federal driving cycle with a maximum of 16 mpg at 30 mph. Projections of steady-state emission measurements show compliance with the 1970 Clean Air Act standards for 1978 vehicle emissions. The levels for unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and oxides of nitrogen were 41 percent, 6 percent, and 69 percent of the standards, respectively. At the conclusion of the preprototype phase of the program, a prototype design effort was initiated to upgrade and improve the performance of the preprototype system. The reference vehicle for this prototype design is a compact car in the weight class of a 1974 Ford Pinto. The results of this design study, including performance projections, are also presented.

Not Available

1977-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Space design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Space stations, Moon bases and Mars bases are artificial habitats intended to support human life in extreme conditions. Their purpose is to pursue human progress and to gain knowledge and experience of the environment surrounding our planet. This research ... Keywords: Human factors, Interior design, Space habitability, Sustainability, Vision

Irene Lia Schlacht; Henrik Birke

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Joint inversion of marine seismic AVA and CSEM data using statistical rock-physics models and Markov random fields: Stochastic inversion of AVA and CSEM data  

SciTech Connect

Joint inversion of seismic AVA and CSEM data requires rock-physics relationships to link seismic attributes to electrical properties. Ideally, we can connect them through reservoir parameters (e.g., porosity and water saturation) by developing physical-based models, such as Gassmanns equations and Archies law, using nearby borehole logs. This could be difficult in the exploration stage because information available is typically insufficient for choosing suitable rock-physics models and for subsequently obtaining reliable estimates of the associated parameters. The use of improper rock-physics models and the inaccuracy of the estimates of model parameters may cause misleading inversion results. Conversely, it is easy to derive statistical relationships among seismic and electrical attributes and reservoir parameters from distant borehole logs. In this study, we develop a Bayesian model to jointly invert seismic AVA and CSEM data for reservoir parameter estimation using statistical rock-physics models; the spatial dependence of geophysical and reservoir parameters are carried out by lithotypes through Markov random fields. We apply the developed model to a synthetic case, which simulates a CO{sub 2} monitoring application. We derive statistical rock-physics relations from borehole logs at one location and estimate seismic P- and S-wave velocity ratio, acoustic impedance, density, electrical resistivity, lithotypes, porosity, and water saturation at three different locations by conditioning to seismic AVA and CSEM data. Comparison of the inversion results with their corresponding true values shows that the correlation-based statistical rock-physics models provide significant information for improving the joint inversion results.

Chen, J.; Hoversten, G.M.

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

264

Three-Dimensional Inversion of Magnetotelluric Data on a PC, Methodology  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dimensional Inversion of Magnetotelluric Data on a PC, Methodology Dimensional Inversion of Magnetotelluric Data on a PC, Methodology and Applications to the Coso Geothermal Field Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Three-Dimensional Inversion of Magnetotelluric Data on a PC, Methodology and Applications to the Coso Geothermal Field Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: We describe here efforts in technology development to invert magnetotelluric (MT) data collected in geothermal settings for three-dimensional resistivity models using desktop PC's or small clusters. A finite difference scheme is utilized for the forward problem, with various options to compute the parameter Jacobians, and parameter step estimates are defined using an explicit Gauss-Newton step. The paper

265

A modified R1 X R1 method for helioseismic rotation inversions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an efficient method for two dimensional inversions for the solar rotation rate using the Subtractive Optimally Localized Averages (SOLA) method and a modification of the R1 X R1 technique proposed by Sekii (1993). The SOLA method is based on explicit construction of averaging kernels similar to the Backus-Gilbert method. The versatility and reliability of the SOLA method in reproducing a target form for the averaging kernel, in combination with the idea of the R1 X R1 decomposition, results in a computationally very efficient inversion algorithm. This is particularly important for full 2-D inversions of helioseismic data in which the number of modes runs into at least tens of thousands.

F. P. Pijpers; M. J. Thompson

1995-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

266

High-Power Laser Pulse Recirculation for Inverse Compton Scattering-Produced Gamma-Rays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inverse Compton scattering of high-power laser pulses on relativistic electron bunches represents an attractive method for high-brightness, quasi-monoenergetic {gamma}-ray production. The efficiency of {gamma}-ray generation via inverse Compton scattering is severely constrained by the small Thomson scattering cross section. Furthermore, repetition rates of high-energy short-pulse lasers are poorly matched with those available from electron accelerators, resulting in low repetition rates for generated {gamma}-rays. Laser recirculation has been proposed as a method to address those limitations, but has been limited to only small pulse energies and peak powers. Here we propose and experimentally demonstrate an alternative method for laser pulse recirculation that is uniquely capable of recirculating short pulses with energies exceeding 1 J. Inverse Compton scattering of recirculated Joule-level laser pulses has a potential to produce unprecedented peak and average {gamma}-ray brightness in the next generation of sources.

Jovanovic, I; Shverdin, M; Gibson, D; Brown, C

2007-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

267

Structure of the murine constitutive androstane receptor complexed to androstenol: a molecular basis for inverse agonism  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nuclear receptor CAR is a xenobiotic responsive transcription factor that plays a central role in the clearance of drugs and bilirubin while promoting cocaine and acetaminophen toxicity. In addition, CAR has established a 'reverse' paradigm of nuclear receptor action where the receptor is active in the absence of ligand and inactive when bound to inverse agonists. We now report the crystal structure of murine CAR bound to the inverse agonist androstenol. Androstenol binds within the ligand binding pocket, but unlike many nuclear receptor ligands, it makes no contacts with helix H12/AF2. The transition from constitutive to basal activity (androstenol bound) appears to be associated with a ligand-induced kink between helices H10 and H11. This disrupts the previously predicted salt bridge that locks H12 in the transcriptionally active conformation. This mechanism of inverse agonism is distinct from traditional nuclear receptor antagonists thereby offering a new approach to receptor modulation.

Shan, L.; Vincent, J.; Brunzelle, J.S.; Dussault, I.; Lin, M.; Ianculescu, I.; Sherman, M.A.; Forman, B.M.; Fernandez, E. (Tennesse)

2010-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

268

Imaging earth's interior: Tomographic inversions for mantle P-wave velocity structure  

SciTech Connect

A formalism is developed for the tomographic inversion of seismic travel time residuals. The travel time equations are solved both simultaneously, for velocity model terms and corrections to the source locations, and progressively, for each set of terms in succession. The methods differ primarily in their treatment of source mislocation terms. Additionally, the system of equations is solved directly, neglecting source terms. The efficacy of the algorithms is explored with synthetic data as we perform simulations of the general procedure used to produce tomographic images of Earth's mantle from global earthquake data. The patterns of seismic heterogeneity in the mantle that would be returned reliably by a tomographic inversion are investigated. We construct synthetic data sets based on real ray sampling of the mantle by introducing spherical harmonic patterns of velocity heterogeneity and perform inversions of the synthetic data.

Pulliam, R.J.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Validation of Inverse Methods Applied to Forensic Analysis of Spent Fuel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inverse depletion/decay methods are useful tools for application to nuclear forensics. Previously, inverse methods were applied to the generic case of predicting the burnup, initial enrichment, and cooling time for selected spent nuclear fuels based on measured actinide and fission product concentrations. These existing measurements were not developed or optimized for use by these inverse techniques, and hence previous work demonstrated the prediction of only the fuel burnup, initial enrichment, and cooling time. Previously, nine spent fuel samples from an online data compilation were randomly selected for study. This work set out to demonstrate the full prediction capabilities using measured isotopic data, but with a more deliberate selection of fuel samples. The current approach is to evaluate nuclides within the same element to see if complementary information can be obtained in addition to the reactor burnup, enrichment, and cooling. Specifically, the reactor power and the fuel irradiation time values are desired to achieve the maximum prediction capabilities of these techniques.

Broadhead, Bryan L [ORNL; Weber, Charles F [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Inverse Free Electron Laser Heater for the LCLS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) free electron laser employs an RF photocathode gun that yields a 1nC bunch a few picoseconds long, which must be further compressed to yield the high current required for Self Amplified Spontaneous Emission (SASE) gain. The electron beam from the RF photocathode gun is quite sensitive to microbunching instabilities such as coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) in the compressor chicanes and longitudinal space charge (LSC) in the linac. These effects can be Landau damped by adding energy spread to the electron bunch prior to compression. They propose to do this by co-propagating an infrared laser beam with the electron bunch in an undulator in the LCLS injector beamline. The undulator is placed in a four bend magnet chicane to allow the Ir laser beam to propagate colinearly with the e-beam while it oscillates in the undulator. The IR laser beam is derived from the photocathode gun drive laser, so the two beams are synchronized. Simulations presented elsewhere in these proceedings show that the laser interaction damps the microbunching instabilities to a very great extent. This paper is a description of the design of the laser heater.

Bentson, L.D.; Bolton, P.; Carr, R.; Dowell, D.; Emma, P.; Gilevich, S.; Huang, Z.; Welch, J.J.; Wu, J.; /SLAC

2005-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

271

Ionic correlations at the nanoscale: inversion of selectivity in a bio-nanochannel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Here we show, combining a simulation and theoretical study, that electrostatic correlations typical of multivalent ions can reverse the selectivity of a biological nanochannel. Our results provide a physical mechanism for a new, experimentally observed phenomenon, namely the inversion of the selectivity of a bacterial porin (the E. Coli OmpF) in presence of divalent and trivalent cations. Also, the differences and similarities between the driving force for this phenomenon and other similar nano and micro-escale electrokinetic effects (e.g. inversion of streaming current in silica nanochannels) are explored.

Marcel Aguilella-Arzo; Carles Calero; Jordi Faraudo

2010-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

272

On the ``inverse'' isotope effect in organic superconductors: New findings and implications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The inverse deuterium isotope effect, previously found in K-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}CU(NCS){sub 2}, is also found in two other BEDT-TTF-based superconductors with different packing motifs and different types of anions. Remarkably, the magnitude of the isotope shift is essentially identical in all three superconductors, ca. +0.26 {+-} 0.06 K. These results, when taken together with the recent results of Lang et al. on the uniaxial pressure derivatives of T{sub c}, suggest that the inverse isotope effect may not have a direct relationship to the pairing mechanism but instead is a reflection of the change in the internal lattice pressure.

Kini, A. M.; Schlueter, J. A.; Ward, B. H.; Geiser, U. W.; Wang, H. H.

2000-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

273

Statistical method for resolving the photon-photoelectron-counting inversion problem  

SciTech Connect

A statistical inversion method is proposed for the photon-photoelectron-counting statistics in quantum key distribution experiment. With the statistical viewpoint, this problem is equivalent to the parameter estimation for an infinite binomial mixture model. The coarse-graining idea and Bayesian methods are applied to deal with this ill-posed problem, which is a good simple example to show the successful application of the statistical methods to the inverse problem. Numerical results show the applicability of the proposed strategy. The coarse-graining idea for the infinite mixture models should be general to be used in the future.

Wu Jinlong [LMAM and School of Mathematical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Li Tiejun, E-mail: tieli@pku.edu.c [LMAM and School of Mathematical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Peng, Xiang, E-mail: xiangpeng@pku.edu.c [CREAM Group, State Key Laboratory of Advanced Optical Communication Systems and Networks (Peking University) and Institute of Quantum Electronics, School of Electronics Engineering and Computer Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Guo Hong, E-mail: hongguo@pku.edu.c [CREAM Group, State Key Laboratory of Advanced Optical Communication Systems and Networks (Peking University) and Institute of Quantum Electronics, School of Electronics Engineering and Computer Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Thermal-hydraulic aspects of flow inversion in a research reactor  

SciTech Connect

PARET, a neutronics and thermal-hydraulics computer code, has been modified to account for natural convection in a reactor core. The code was then used to analyze the flow inversion that occurs in a reactor with heat removal by forced convection in the downward direction after a pump failure. Typical results are shown for a number of parameters. Research reactors normally operating much above ten MW are predicted to experience nucleate boiling in the event of a flow inversion. Comparison with experimental results from the Belgian BR2 reactor indicated general agreement although nucleate boiling that was analytically predicted was not noted in the BR2 data.

Smith, R.S.; Woodruff, W.L.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Mechanical Design  

SciTech Connect

The particle beam of the SXR (soft x-ray) beam line in the LCLS (Linac Coherent Light Source) has a high intensity in order to penetrate through samples at the atomic level. However, the intensity is so high that many experiments fail because of severe damage. To correct this issue, attenuators are put into the beam line to reduce this intensity to a level suitable for experimentation. Attenuation is defined as 'the gradual loss in intensity of any flux through a medium' by [1]. It is found that Beryllium and Boron Carbide can survive the intensity of the beam. At very thin films, both of these materials work very well as filters for reducing the beam intensity. Using a total of 12 filters, the first 9 being made of Beryllium and the rest made of Boron Carbide, the beam's energy range of photons can be attenuated between 800 eV and 9000 eV. The design of the filters allows attenuation for different beam intensities so that experiments can obtain different intensities from the beam if desired. The step of attenuation varies, but is relative to the thickness of the filter as a power function of 2. A relationship for this is f(n) = x{sub 0}2{sup n} where n is the step of attenuation desired and x{sub 0} is the initial thickness of the material. To allow for this desired variation, a mechanism must be designed within the test chamber. This is visualized using a 3D computer aided design modeling tool known as Solid Edge.

2010-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

276

Inverse Beta Decay in a Nonequilibrium Antineutrino Flux from a Nuclear Reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The evolution of the reactor antineutrino spectrum toward equilibrium above the inverse beta-decay threshold during the reactor operating period and the decay of residual antineutrino radiation after reactor shutdown are considered. It is found that, under certain conditions, these processes can play a significant role in experiments seeking neutrino oscillations.

V. I. Kopeikin; L. A. Mikaelyan; V. V. Sinev

2001-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

277

A Brief Comment on Post inversion formula for the Laplace transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we comment the Post inversion formula for Laplace transform, and its possible application to the branch of Analytic Number theory (Arithmetical functions, RH and PNT), involving a condition in the form of iterated limit to calculate the Riemann Hypothesis.

Jose Javier Garcia MOreta

2006-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

278

From the Spectrum to Inflation: An Inverse Formula for the General Slow-Roll Spectrum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a general inverse formula for extracting inflationary parameters from the observed power spectrum of cosmological perturbations. Under the general slowroll scheme, which helps to probe the properties of inflation in a model independent way, we invert the leading order, single field, power spectrum formula. We also give some physically interesting examples to demonstrate its wide applicability and illuminate its properties.

Minu Joy; Ewan D. Stewart; Jinn-ouk Gong Hyun-chul Lee

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Retrieval Property of Associative Memory Based on Inverse Function Delayed Neural Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Self-connection can enlarge the memory capacity of an associative memory based on the neural network. However, the basin size of the embedded memory state shrinks. The problem of basin size is related to undesirable stable states which are spurious. ... Keywords: associative memory, inverse function delayed model, retrieval dynamics, basin of attraction, negative resistance

Hongge Li; Yoshihiro Hayakawa; Koji Nakajima

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Validation of statistical estimation of transmission loss in the presence of geoacoustic inversion uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, these sampled parameters are mapped to the transmission loss domain where a full multidimensional probability, exhaustive grid sampling was used to obtain the geoacoustic uncertainties and map these to the TL domainValidation of statistical estimation of transmission loss in the presence of geoacoustic inversion

Buckingham, Michael

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281

Water Mass Conversion, Fluxes, and Mixing in the Scotia Sea Diagnosed by an Inverse Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An inverse box model of the Scotia Sea is constructed using hydrographic, tracer, and velocity data collected along the rim of the basin during the Antarctic Large-Scale Box Analysis and the Role of the Scotia Sea (ALBATROSS) cruise. The model ...

Alberto C. Naveira Garabato; David P. Stevens; Karen J. Heywood

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Lossy Electric Transmission Line Soft Fault Diagnosis: an Inverse Scattering Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Lossy Electric Transmission Line Soft Fault Diagnosis: an Inverse Scattering Approach Huaibin diagnosis is the reflectometry, which consists in analyzing the reflection and the transmission of electric Tang and Qinghua Zhang Abstract--In this paper, the diagnosis of soft faults in lossy electric

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

283

Method of sampling certain probability densities without inversion of their distribution functions  

SciTech Connect

A Monte Carlo device is described which bypasses the inversion x = p/sup -1/(r) involved in directly sampling the distribution P(x) of a stochastic variable x with given density p(x). The method is practical for all linear and a broad class of quadratic densities. (auth)

Everett, C.J.; Cashwell, E.D.; Turner, G.D.

1973-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

IMPROVED SEARCH OF PRINCIPAL COMPONENT ANALYSIS DATABASES FOR SPECTRO-POLARIMETRIC INVERSION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a simple technique for the acceleration of spectro-polarimetric inversions based on principal component analysis (PCA) of Stokes profiles. This technique involves the indexing of the database models based on the sign of the projections (PCA coefficients) of the first few relevant orders of principal components of the four Stokes parameters. In this way, each model in the database can be attributed a distinctive binary number of 2{sup 4n} bits, where n is the number of PCA orders used for the indexing. Each of these binary numbers (indices) identifies a group of ''compatible'' models for the inversion of a given set of observed Stokes profiles sharing the same index. The complete set of the binary numbers so constructed evidently determines a partition of the database. The search of the database for the PCA inversion of spectro-polarimetric data can profit greatly from this indexing. In practical cases it becomes possible to approach the ideal acceleration factor of 2{sup 4n} as compared to the systematic search of a non-indexed database for a traditional PCA inversion. This indexing method relies on the existence of a physical meaning in the sign of the PCA coefficients of a model. For this reason, the presence of model ambiguities and of spectro-polarimetric noise in the observations limits in practice the number n of relevant PCA orders that can be used for the indexing.

Casini, R.; Lites, B. W. [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307-3000 (United States); Ramos, A. Asensio [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, c/Via Lactea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Ariste, A. Lopez [THEMIS, CNRS UPS 853, c/Via Lactea s/n, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

285

Preparations for a high gradient inverse free electron laser experiment at Brookhaven national laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Preparations for an inverse free electron laser experiment at Brookhaven National Laboratory's Accelerator Test Facilty are presented. Details of the experimental setup including beam and laser transport optics are first discussed. Next, the driving laser pulse structure is investigated and initial diagnostics are explored and compared to simulations. Finally, planned improvements to the experimental setup are discussed.

Duris, J.; Li, R. K.; Musumeci, P.; Sakai, Y.; Threlkeld, E.; Williams, O.; Fedurin, M.; Kusche, K.; Pogorelsky, I.; Polyanskiy, M.; Yakimenko, V. [UCLA Department of Physics and Astronomy, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Accelerator Test Facility, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, 11973 (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

286

Remote sensing of breaking wave phase speeds with application to non-linear depth inversions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Remote sensing of breaking wave phase speeds with application to non-linear depth inversions high-resolution remote sensing video and surface elevation records from fixed, in-situ wave gages. Wave phase speeds are extracted from the remote sensing data using a feature tracking technique, and local

Haller, Merrick

287

Convectivc Elements in the Marine Atmospheric Boundary Layer. Part II: Entrainment at the Capping Inversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data from two aircraft flights in the marine atmospheric boundary layer are analyzed in an investigation of entrainment processes at the top of the well-mixed layer. Both days had strong wind shear across the inversion, which is reflected in the ...

Siri Jodha Singh Khalsa; Gary K. Greenhut

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Stability analysis for the generalized Cohen-Grossberg neural networks with inverse Lipschitz neuron activations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, by using nonsmooth analysis approach, linear matrix inequality (LMI) technique, topological degree theory and Lyapunov-Krasovskii function method, the issue of global exponential stability is investigated for a class of generalized Cohen-Grossberg ... Keywords: Cohen-Grossberg neural networks, Global exponential stability, Inverse Lipschitz neuron activations, Linear matrix inequality, Nonsmooth behaved functions, Topological degree theory

Xiaobing Nie; Jinde Cao

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Low-Level Temperature Inversions of the Eurasian Arctic and Comparisons with Soviet Drifting Station Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seasonal and regional variations in characteristics of the Arctic low-level temperature inversion are examined using up to 12 years of twice-daily rawinsonde data from 31 inland and coastal sites of the Eurasian Arctic and a total of nearly six ...

Mark C. Serreze; Russell C. Schnell; Jonathan D. Kahl

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Hysteresis Modeling and Inverse Feedforward Control of an AFM Piezoelectric Scanner Based on Nano Images  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hysteresis Modeling and Inverse Feedforward Control of an AFM Piezoelectric Scanner Based on Nano of micro/nano technology. As a critical part of AFM system, the piezoelectric scanner exists many defects in this paper possess a good performance for AFM nano imaging. Index Terms-- Hysteresis modeling, feedforward

Li, Yangmin

291

SelInv---An Algorithm for Selected Inversion of a Sparse Symmetric Matrix  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe an efficient implementation of an algorithm for computing selected elements of a general sparse symmetric matrix A that can be decomposed as A = LDLT, where L is lower triangular and D is diagonal. Our implementation, ... Keywords: Electronic structure calculation, elimination tree, selected inversion, sparse LDLT factorization, supernodes

Lin Lin; Chao Yang; Juan C. Meza; Jianfeng Lu; Lexing Ying; Weinan E

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

On parameterization of the inverse problem for estimating aquifer properties using tracer data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for estimating aquifer properties using tracer data, Water Resour. Res., 48, W06535, doi:10.1029/2011WR011203. 1. However, the calibration of distributed ground- water models based on limited measurements is generally or smoothing in the property of interest, to make underdetermined inverse problems well posed [Yeh, 1986

Hubbard, Susan

293

Multi-dimensional electromagnetic modeling and inversion with application to near-surface earth investigations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrical conductivity of the earth provides information about porosity, water saturation, salinity, clay content, and organic matter that cannot be duplicated by other geophysical methods of investigation. However, there is a complex relationship between ... Keywords: Electrical conductivity, Electromagnetics, Geophysics, Inversion, Modeling

Louise Pellerin; Philip E. Wannamaker

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

An integrated reception?plate inverse?force structure?borne noise source characterization test method.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An integrated reception?plate inverse?force method for vibration power and force transmitted from a mounted vibration source measurement has been prototyped and evaluated. The tests developed data to aid in understanding the repeatability and reproducibility of the method

Kevin H. Lai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Exponential instability in the inverse scattering problem on the energy interval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the inverse scattering problem on the energy interval in three dimensions. We are focused on stability and instability questions for this problem. In particular, we prove an exponential instability estimate which shows optimality of the logarithmic stability result of [Stefanov, 1990] (up to the value of the exponent).

Isaev, Mikhail

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Open-Ocean Modeling as an Inverse Problem: The Primitive Equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ill-posedness of regional primitive equation models is examined, using a regional shallow-water model. The ill-posedness is resolved by reformulation as a least-squares inverse problem, in the sense that the Euler-Lagrange or variational ...

Andrew F. Bennett; Boon S. Chua

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

1 Inverse Beta Decay in a Nonequilibrium Antineutrino Flux from a Nuclear Reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The evolution of the reactor antineutrino spectrum toward equilibrium above the inverse beta-decay threshold during the reactor operating period and the decay of residual ?e, radiation after reactor shutdown are considered. It is found that, under certain conditions, these processes can play a significant role in experiments seeking neutrino oscillations. 1.

V. I. Kopeikin A; L. A. Mikaelyan A; V. V. Sinev A

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Structural fabric of the Palisades Monocline: a study of positive inversion, Grand Canyon, Arizona  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A field study of positive inversion is conducted to describe associated structural fabrics and to infer kinematic development of the Palisades Monocline, Grand Canyon, Arizona. These features are then compared to sand, clay and solid rock models of positive inversion to test model results and improve understanding of inversion processes. The N40W 90 oriented Palisades fault underlying the monocline has experienced northeast-southwest Precambrian extension and subsequent northeastsouthwest Laramide contraction. The magnitude of inversion is estimated to be 25% based on vertical offset across the fault, although this does not account for flexure or horizontal shortening. The preferred N50W 90 joint and vein orientation and N50W 68 NE and SW conjugate normal faults are consistent with the Palisades fault and northeastsouthwest extension. The N45E 90 joint orientation and approximately N40W 28 NE and SW conjugate thrust faults are consistent with northeast-southwest contraction. The deformation is characterized by three domains across the fault zone: 1) the hanging wall, 2) the footwall, and 3) an interior, fault-bounded zone between the hanging wall and footwall. Extensional features are preserved and dominate the hanging wall, contractional features define footwall deformation, and the interior, fault-bounded zone is marked by the co-existence of extensional and contractional features. Extension caused a master normal fault and hanging wall roll-over with distributed joints, veinsand normal faults. During inversion, contraction induced reverse reactivation of existing hanging wall faults, footwall folding and footwall thrust-faulting. Precambrian normal slip along the master normal fault and subsequent Laramide reverse slip along the new footwall bounding fault created an uplifted domain of relatively oldest strata between the hanging wall and footwall. Physical models of co-axial inversion suggest consistent development of the three domains of deformation described at the Palisades fault, however the models often require magnitudes of inversion greater than 50%. Although vertical block motion during horizontal compression is not predicted directly by the Mohr-Coulomb criterion, physical models and analytical solutions (incorporating Mohr- Coulomb criterion) suggest maximum stress trajectories and near vertical failure above high angle basement faults that compare favorably with the Palisades fault zone.

Orofino, James Cory

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Final Report: Detection and Characterization of Underground Facilities by Stochastic Inversion and Modeling of Data from the New Generation of Synthetic Aperture Satellites  

SciTech Connect

Many clandestine development and production activities can be conducted underground to evade surveillance. The purpose of the study reported here was to develop a technique to detect underground facilities by broad-area search and then to characterize the facilities by inversion of the collected data. This would enable constraints to be placed on the types of activities that would be feasible at each underground site, providing a basis the design of targeted surveillance and analysis for more complete characterization. Excavation of underground cavities causes deformation in the host material and overburden that produces displacements at the ground surface. Such displacements are often measurable by a variety of surveying or geodetic techniques. One measurement technique, Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR), uses data from satellite-borne (or airborne) synthetic aperture radars (SARs) and so is ideal for detecting and measuring surface displacements in denied access regions. Depending on the radar frequency and the acquisition mode and the surface conditions, displacement maps derived from SAR interferograms can provide millimeter- to centimeter-level measurement accuracy on regional and local scales at spatial resolution of {approx}1-10 m. Relatively low-resolution ({approx}20 m, say) maps covering large regions can be used for broad-area detection, while finer resolutions ({approx}1 m) can be used to image details of displacement fields over targeted small areas. Surface displacements are generally expected to be largest during or a relatively short time after active excavation, but, depending on the material properties, measurable displacement may continue at a decreasing rate for a considerable time after completion. For a given excavated volume in a given geological setting, the amplitude of the surface displacements decreases as the depth of excavation increases, while the area of the discernable displacement pattern increases. Therefore, the ability to detect evidence for an underground facility using InSAR depends on the displacement sensitivity and spatial resolution of the interferogram, as well as on the size and depth of the facility and the time since its completion. The methodology development described in this report focuses on the exploitation of synthetic aperture radar data that are available commercially from a number of satellite missions. Development of the method involves three components: (1) Evaluation of the capability of InSAR to detect and characterize underground facilities ; (2) inversion of InSAR data to infer the location, depth, shape and volume of a subsurface facility; and (3) evaluation and selection of suitable geomechanical forward models to use in the inversion. We adapted LLNL's general-purpose Bayesian Markov Chain-Monte Carlo procedure, the 'Stochastic Engine' (SE), to carry out inversions to characterize subsurface void geometries. The SE performs forward simulations for a large number of trial source models to identify the set of models that are consistent with the observations and prior constraints. The inverse solution produced by this kind of stochastic method is a posterior probability density function (pdf) over alternative models, which forms an appropriate input to risk-based decision analyses to evaluate subsequent response strategies. One major advantage of a stochastic inversion approach is its ability to deal with complex, non-linear forward models employing empirical, analytical or numerical methods. However, while a geomechanical model must incorporate adequate physics to enable sufficiently accurate prediction of surface displacements, it must also be computationally fast enough to render the large number of forward realizations needed in stochastic inversion feasible. This latter requirement prompted us first to investigate computationally efficient empirical relations and closed-form analytical solutions. However, our evaluation revealed severe limitations in the ability of existing empirical and analytical forms to predict deformations from undergro

Foxall, W; Cunningham, C; Mellors, R; Templeton, D; Dyer, K; White, J

2012-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

300

The way of the termite: a theoretically grounded approach to the design of e-learning environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an argument for a design paradigm for e-learning environments that cater for the needs of diverse learners using social navigation and signposts. The argument begins with transactional distance theory, which predicts an inverse ... Keywords: design, e-learning, emergence, learning transactions, online learning, self-organisation, signposts, social navigation, stigmergy, systems theory, transactional control, transactional distance, web based communities

Jon Dron

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inverse design cid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Design method for turbomachine blades with finite thickness by the circulation method  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a procedure to extend a recently developed three-dimensional inverse method for infinitely thin blades to handle blades with finite thickness. In this inverse method, the prescribed quantities are the blade pressure loading and the blade thickness distributions, and the calculated quantity is the blade mean camber line. The method is formulated in the fully inverse mode whereby the blade shape is determined iteratively using the flow-tangency condition along the blade surfaces. Design calculations are presented for an inlet guide vane, an impulse turbine blade, and a compressor blade in the two-dimensional inviscid- and incompressible-flow limit. Consistency checks are carried out for these design calculations using a panel analysis method and the analytical solution for the Gostelow profile.

Jiang, J.; Dang, T. [Syracuse Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Mechanical, Aerospace and Manufacturing Engineering

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Estimation of in-situ petrophysical properties from wireline formation tester and induction logging measurements: A joint inversion approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

measurements: A joint inversion approach Faruk O. Alpak a, , Carlos Torres-Verdín a , Tarek M. Habashy b noise-free and noise-contaminated synthetic data. Joint inversion results provide a quantitative proof of measure- ments is jointly inverted to yield saturation-dependent functions. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

303

User manual for INVICE 0.1-beta : a computer code for inverse analysis of isentropic compression experiments.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

INVICE (INVerse analysis of Isentropic Compression Experiments) is a FORTRAN computer code that implements the inverse finite-difference method to analyze velocity data from isentropic compression experiments. This report gives a brief description of the methods used and the options available in the first beta version of the code, as well as instructions for using the code.

Davis, Jean-Paul

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Feedback and imitation by a caregiver guides a virtual infant to learn native phonemes and the skill of speech inversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite large-scale research, development of robust machines for imitation and inversion of human speech into articulatory movements has remained an unsolved problem. We propose a set of principles that can partially explain real infants' speech acquisition ... Keywords: ATP, Articulatory modeling, CG, CM, Caregiver feedback, DM, IM, Imitation, Language acquisition, LeVI, MFCC, Phonetic learning, Speech inversion, VQ

Heikki Rasilo, Okko RSNen, Unto K. Laine

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

High-resolution geostatistical inversion of a seismic data set acquired in a Gulf of Mexico gas reservoir.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-resolution geostatistical inversion of a seismic data set acquired in a Gulf of Mexico gas, UNOCAL Corporation Summary Geostatistical inversion is applied on a Gulf-of-Mexico, 3D post-stack seismic in this paper is located in the Gulf of Mexico, off the coast of Louisiana. Existing development wells reach two

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

306

DESIGN STUDY OF PORTABLE THERMOELECTRIC NUCLEAR SYSTEMS  

SciTech Connect

Design studies were performed and costs were estimated for an air transportable, 10 Mw(t), pressurized light water thermal circulation reactor, combined with a direct conversion thermoelectric generator and static electrical inversion equipment. This TCR-TE'' concept appears to have potential for ultimate use as a remote unmanned power station. Based on an extrapolation of present reactor technology and on assumed thermoelectric materials properties forecasted to January 1, 1963, a net a-c electrical output of 315 Kw is estimated, assuming the use of 80 deg F local water for cooling purposes. An alternate concept using 80 deg F air for cooling produces 271 Kw, net. These electrical output figures can be improved significantly through a recommended research and development effort. The design and construction of a prototype plant is also recommended. (auth)

Chajson, L.; DelCampo, A.R.; Kellogg, H.B. et al

1961-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Design Scenarios: Enabling transparent parametric design spaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel methodology called Design Scenarios (DSs) intended for use in conceptual design of buildings. DS enables multidisciplinary design teams to streamline the requirements definition, alternative generation, analysis, and decision-making ... Keywords: Conceptual design, Design spaces, Ontology, Parametric modeling, Process mapping, Requirements modeling

Victor Gane; John Haymaker

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Comparing radiative and recoil corrections in neutron beta-decay and inverse beta-decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The inverse $\\beta$-decay reaction, anti-nu_e + p --> e^+ + n, for low-energy anti-neutrinos coming from nuclear reactors is of great current interest in connection with high-precision measurements of the neutrino mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$. We have previously derived analytic expressions, up to next-to-leading order in heavy-baryon chiral perturbation theory, for the radiative corrections (RCs) and the nucleon-recoil corrections both for this reaction and for the related neutron $\\beta$-decay process. We investigate here the numerical consequences of these analytic expressions. We show that the recoil corrections are small for neutron $\\beta$-decay, but for inverse $\\beta$-decay, the recoil corrections are comparable in size to the RCs for typical energies of reactor anti-neutrinos, and they have opposite signs. It turns out that the RCs and the recoil corrections exhibit very different dependences on the neutrino energy.

Raha, U; Kubodera, K

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

3-D Inversion Of Borehole-To-Surface Electrical Data Using A  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » 3-D Inversion Of Borehole-To-Surface Electrical Data Using A Back-Propagation Neural Network Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: 3-D Inversion Of Borehole-To-Surface Electrical Data Using A Back-Propagation Neural Network Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The "fluid-flow tomography", an advanced technique for geoelectrical survey based on the conventional mise-a-la-masse measurement, has been developed by Exploration Geophysics Laboratory at the Kyushu University. This technique is proposed to monitor fluid-flow behavior

310

Enhanced mu-e conversion in nuclei in the inverse seesaw model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate nuclear mu-e conversion in the framework of an effective Lagrangian arising from the inverse seesaw model of neutrino masses. We consider lepton flavour violation interactions that arise from short range (non-photonic) as well as long range (photonic) contributions. Upper bounds for the LFV parameters characterizing mu-e conversion are derived in the inverse seesaw model Lagrangian using the available limits on the mu-e conversion branching ratio, as well as the expected sensitivities of upcoming experiments. We comment on the relative importance of these two types of contributions and their relationship with the measured solar neutrino mixing angle theta_12 and the dependence on theta_13. Finally we show how the LFV mu-e conversion and the mu -> e gamma rates are strongly correlated in this model.

F. Deppisch; T. S. Kosmas; J. W. F. Valle

2005-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

311

Internal wave inversions for one year of PioneerHawaii ATOC transmissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ATOC experiment transmitted 75?Hz signals from Pioneer Seamount off the coast of California to a vertical line array (VLA) off Hawaii. The combination of VLA and long?range propagation provides the opportunity to perform mode?based internal wave tomography. Each arrival is mode?filtered and the statistics of the mode arrivals are tabulated. These individual mode arrival time (centroid) and spread are then compared with calculated mode statistics from broadband PE modeling of the propagation path. In this manner a statistically robust inversion for the internal wave strength is performed. The weakness of the inversion is the sensitivity to the bottom scattering near the source. Results for one year of data will be presented for two different bottom types. The long?scale time series may indicate possible sources of internal waves in the ocean. Small time scale variations may be attributable to internal tides. a)The ATOC Group: A. B. Baggeroer

Kevin D. Heaney; ATOC Group

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Combining asteroid models derived by lightcurve inversion with asteroidal occultation silhouettes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asteroid sizes can be directly measured by observing occultations of stars by asteroids. When there are enough observations across the path of the shadow, the asteroid's projected silhouette can be reconstructed. Asteroid shape models derived from photometry by the lightcurve inversion method enable us to predict the orientation of an asteroid for the time of occultation. By scaling the shape model to fit the occultation chords, we can determine the asteroid size with a relative accuracy of typically ~ 10%. We combine shape and spin state models of 44 asteroids (14 of them are new or updated models) with the available occultation data to derive asteroid effective diameters. In many cases, occultations allow us to reject one of two possible pole solutions that were derived from photometry. We show that by combining results obtained from lightcurve inversion with occultation timings, we can obtain unique physical models of asteroids.

Durech, Josef; Herald, David; Dunham, David; Timerson, Brad; Hanus, Josef; Frappa, Eric; Talbot, John; Hayamizu, Tsutomu; Warner, Brian D; Pilcher, Frederick; Galad, Adrian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Coevolution of inverse cascade and nonlinear heat front in shear flows of strongly coupled Yukawa liquids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, we report on the development and propagation of a nonlinear heat front in parallel shear flows of a strongly coupled Yukawa liquid. At a given coupling strength, a subsonic shear profile is superposed on an equilibrated Yukawa liquid and Kelvin Helmholtz (KH) instability is observed. Coherent vortices are seen to emerge towards the nonlinear regime of the instability. It is seen that while inverse cascade leads to a continuous transfer of flow energy towards the largest scales, there is also a simultaneous transfer of flow energy into the thermal velocities of grains at the smallest scale. The latter is an effect of velocity shear and thus leads to the generation of a nonlinear heat front. In the linear regime, the heat front is seen to propagate at speed much lesser than the adiabatic sound speed of the liquid. Spatio-temporal growth of this heat front occurs concurrently with the inverse cascade of KH modes.

Ashwin, J.; Ganesh, R. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428, Gujarat (India)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

314

Experimental Observation of the Inverse Spin Hall Effect at Room Temperature  

SciTech Connect

We observe the inverse spin Hall effect in a two-dimensional electron gas confined in Al-GaAs/InGaAs quantum wells. Specifically, they find that an inhomogeneous spin density induced by the optical injection gives rise to an electric current transverse to both the spin polarization and its gradient. The spin Hall conductivity can be inferred from such a measurement through the Einstein relation and the onsager relation, and is found to have the order of magnitude of 0.5(e{sup 2}/h). The observation is made at the room temperature and in samples with macroscopic sizes, suggesting that the inverse spin Hall effects is a robust macroscopic transport phenomenon.

Liu, Baoli; Shi, Junren; Wang, Wenxin; Zhao, Hongming; Li, Dafang; /Beijing, Inst. Phys.; Zhang, Shoucheng; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Xue, Qikun; Chen, Dongmin; /Beijing, Inst. Phys.

2010-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

315

SOUND-SPEED INVERSION OF THE SUN USING A NONLOCAL STATISTICAL CONVECTION THEORY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Helioseismic inversions reveal a major discrepancy in sound speed between the Sun and the standard solar model just below the base of the solar convection zone. We demonstrate that this discrepancy is caused by the inherent shortcomings of the local mixing-length theory adopted in the standard solar model. Using a self-consistent nonlocal convection theory, we construct an envelope model of the Sun for sound-speed inversion. Our solar model has a very smooth transition from the convective envelope to the radiative interior, and the convective energy flux changes sign crossing the boundaries of the convection zone. It shows evident improvement over the standard solar model, with a significant reduction in the discrepancy in sound speed between the Sun and local convection models.

Zhang Chunguang; Deng Licai [Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China); Xiong Darun [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China); Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jorgen, E-mail: cgzhang@nao.cas.cn [Stellar Astrophysics Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Strategy for the inversion of Hinode spectropolarimetric measurements in the quiet Sun  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we propose an inversion strategy for the analysis of spectropolarimetric measurements taken by {\\em Hinode} in the quiet Sun. The spectropolarimeter of the Solar Optical Telescope aboard {\\em Hinode} records the Stokes spectra of the \\ion{Fe}{i} line pair at 630.2 nm with unprecendented angular resolution, high spectral resolution, and high sensitivity. We discuss the need to consider a {\\em local} stray-light contamination to account for the effects of telescope diffraction. The strategy is applied to observations of a wide quiet Sun area at disk center. Using these data we examine the influence of noise and initial guess models in the inversion results. Our analysis yields the distributions of magnetic field strengths and stray-light factors. They show that quiet Sun internetwork regions consist mainly of hG fields with stray-light contaminations of about 0.8.

D. Orozco Suarez; L. R. Bellot Rubio; J. C. del Toro Iniesta; S. Tsuneta; B. W. Lites; K. Ichimoto; Y. Katsukawa; S. Nagata; T. Shimizu; R. A. Shine; Y. Suematsu; T. D. Tarbell; A. M. Title

2007-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

317

Universal inverse power-law distribution for temperature and rainfall in the UK region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Meteorological parameters, such as temperature, rainfall, pressure etc., exhibit selfsimilar space-time fractal fluctuations generic to dynamical systems in nature such as fluid flows, spread of forest fires, earthquakes, etc. The power spectra of fractal fluctuations display inverse power-law form signifying long-range correlations. The author has developed a general systems theory which predicts universal inverse power-law form incorporating the golden mean for the fractal fluctuations of all size scales, i.e., small, large and extreme values. The model predicted distribution is in close agreement with observed fractal fluctuations in the historic month-wise temperature (maximum and minimum) and rainfall in the UK region. The present study suggests that fractal fluctuations result from the superimposition of an eddy continuum fluctuations. The observed extreme values result from superimposition of maxima (or minima) of dominant eddies (waves) in the eddy continuum.

A. M. Selvam

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

318

Comparing radiative and recoil corrections in neutron beta-decay and inverse beta-decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The inverse $\\beta$-decay reaction, anti-nu_e + p --> e^+ + n, for low-energy anti-neutrinos coming from nuclear reactors is of great current interest in connection with high-precision measurements of the neutrino mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$. We have previously derived analytic expressions, up to next-to-leading order in heavy-baryon chiral perturbation theory, for the radiative corrections (RCs) and the nucleon-recoil corrections both for this reaction and for the related neutron $\\beta$-decay process. We investigate here the numerical consequences of these analytic expressions. We show that the recoil corrections are small for neutron $\\beta$-decay, but for inverse $\\beta$-decay, the recoil corrections are comparable in size to the RCs for typical energies of reactor anti-neutrinos, and they have opposite signs. It turns out that the RCs and the recoil corrections exhibit very different dependences on the neutrino energy.

U. Raha; F. Myhrer; K. Kubodera

2012-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

319

Inverse Load Calculation of Wind Turbine Support Structures - A Numerical Verification Using the Comprehensive Simulation Code FAST: Preprint (Revised)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Physically measuring the dynamic responses of wind turbine support structures enables the calculation of the applied loads using an inverse procedure. In this process, inverse means deriving the inputs/forces from the outputs/responses. This paper presents results of a numerical verification of such an inverse load calculation. For this verification, the comprehensive simulation code FAST is used. FAST accounts for the coupled dynamics of wind inflow, aerodynamics, elasticity and turbine controls. Simulations are run using a 5-MW onshore wind turbine model with a tubular tower. Both the applied loads due to the instantaneous wind field and the resulting system responses are known from the simulations. Using the system responses as inputs to the inverse calculation, the applied loads are calculated, which in this case are the rotor thrust forces. These forces are compared to the rotor thrust forces known from the FAST simulations. The results of these comparisons are presented to assess the accuracy of the inverse calculation. To study the influences of turbine controls, load cases in normal operation between cut-in and rated wind speed, near rated wind speed and between rated and cut-out wind speed are chosen. The presented study shows that the inverse load calculation is capable of computing very good estimates of the rotor thrust. The accuracy of the inverse calculation does not depend on the control activity of the wind turbine.

Pahn, T.; Jonkman, J.; Rolges, R.; Robertson, A.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Final Report: Improved Site Characterization And Storage Prediction Through Stochastic Inversion Of Time-Lapse Geophysical And Geochemical Data  

SciTech Connect

During the last months of this project, our project activities have concentrated on four areas: (1) performing a stochastic inversion of pattern 16 seismic data to deduce reservoir bulk/shear moduli and density; the need for this inversion was not anticipated in the original scope of work, (2) performing a stochastic inversion of pattern 16 seismic data to deduce reservoir porosity and permeability, (3) complete the software needed to perform geochemical inversions and (4) use the software to perform stochastic inversion of aqueous chemistry data to deduce mineral volume fractions. This report builds on work described in progress reports previously submitted (Ramirez et al., 2009, 2010, 2011 - reports fulfilled the requirements of deliverables D1-D4) and fulfills deliverable D5: Field-based single-pattern simulations work product. The main challenge with our stochastic inversion approach is its large computational expense, even for single reservoir patterns. We dedicated a significant level of effort to improve computational efficiency but inversions involving multiple patterns were still intractable by project's end. As a result, we were unable to fulfill Deliverable D6: Field-based multi-pattern simulations work product.

Ramirez, A; Mcnab, W; Hao, Y; White, D; Johnson, J

2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inverse design cid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Three-dimensional gravity modeling and focusing inversion using rectangular meshes.  

SciTech Connect

Rectangular grid cells are commonly used for the geophysical modeling of gravity anomalies, owing to their flexibility in constructing complex models. The straightforward handling of cubic cells in gravity inversion algorithms allows for a flexible imposition of model regularization constraints, which are generally essential in the inversion of static potential field data. The first part of this paper provides a review of commonly used expressions for calculating the gravity of a right polygonal prism, both for gravity and gradiometry, where the formulas of Plouff and Forsberg are adapted. The formulas can be cast into general forms practical for implementation. In the second part, a weighting scheme for resolution enhancement at depth is presented. Modelling the earth using highly digitized meshes, depth weighting schemes are typically applied to the model objective functional, subject to minimizing the data misfit. The scheme proposed here involves a non-linear conjugate gradient inversion scheme with a weighting function applied to the non-linear conjugate gradient scheme's gradient vector of the objective functional. The low depth resolution due to the quick decay of the gravity kernel functions is counteracted by suppressing the search directions in the parameter space that would lead to near-surface concentrations of gravity anomalies. Further, a density parameter transformation function enabling the imposition of lower and upper bounding constraints is employed. Using synthetic data from models of varying complexity and a field data set, it is demonstrated that, given an adequate depth weighting function, the gravity inversion in the transform space can recover geologically meaningful models requiring a minimum of prior information and user interaction.

Commer, M.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Extended Grimus-Stockinger theorem and inverse square law violation in quantum field theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study higher-order corrections to the Grimus-Stockinger theorem dealing with the large-distance asymptotic behavior of the wave-packet modified neutrino propagator within the framework of field-theoretical description of the neutrino oscillation phenomenon. We discuss the possibility that these corrections are responsible for breakdown of the classical inverse-square law (ISL) at the macroscopic distances. In particular the ISL violation can be an explanation of the well-known reactor antineutrino anomaly.

Naumov, Vadim A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Extended Grimus-Stockinger theorem and inverse square law violation in quantum field theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study higher-order corrections to the Grimus-Stockinger theorem dealing with the large-distance asymptotic behavior of the wave-packet modified neutrino propagator within the framework of field-theoretical description of the neutrino oscillation phenomenon. We discuss the possibility that these corrections are responsible for breakdown of the classical inverse-square law (ISL) at the macroscopic distances. In particular the ISL violation can be an explanation of the well-known reactor antineutrino anomaly.

Vadim A. Naumov; Dmitry S. Shkirmanov

2013-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

324

Inverse spectral problems for energy-dependent Sturm-Liouville equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the inverse spectral problem of reconstructing energy-dependent Sturm-Liouville equations from their Dirichlet spectra and sequences of the norming constants. For the class of problems under consideration, we give a complete description of the corresponding spectral data, suggest a reconstruction algorithm, and establish uniqueness of reconstruction. The approach is based on connection between spectral problems for energy-dependent Sturm-Liouville equations and for Dirac operators of special form.

Hryniv, Rostyslav

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Inverse scattering at fixed energy for the multidimensional Newton equation in short range radial potentials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the inverse scattering problem at fixed and sufficiently large energy for the nonrelativistic and relativistic Newton equation in $\\R^n$, $n \\ge 2$, with a smooth and short range electromagnetic field $(V,B)$. Using results of [Firsov, 1953] or [Keller-Kay-Shmoys, 1956] we obtain a uniqueness result when $B$ is assumed to be zero in a neighborhood of infinity and $V$ is assumed to be spherically symmetric in a neighborhood of infinity.

Alexandre Jollivet

2012-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

326

TIME-LAPSE SEISMIC MODELING & INVERSION OF CO2 SATURATION FOR SEQUESTRATION AND ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY  

SciTech Connect

Injection of carbon dioxide (CO2) into subsurface aquifers for geologic storage/sequestration, and into subsurface hydrocarbon reservoirs for enhanced oil recovery, has become an important topic to the nation because of growing concerns related to global warming and energy security. In this project we developed new ways to predict and quantify the effects of CO2 on seismic data recorded over porous reservoir/aquifer rock systems. This effort involved the research and development of new technology to: (1) Quantitatively model the rock physics effects of CO2 injection in porous saline and oil/brine reservoirs (both miscible and immiscible). (2) Quantitatively model the seismic response to CO2 injection (both miscible and immiscible) from well logs (1D). (3) Perform quantitative inversions of time-lapse 4D seismic data to estimate injected CO2 distributions within subsurface reservoirs and aquifers. This work has resulted in an improved ability to remotely monitor the injected CO2 for safe storage and enhanced hydrocarbon recovery, predict the effects of CO2 on time-lapse seismic data, and estimate injected CO2 saturation distributions in subsurface aquifers/reservoirs. We applied our inversion methodology to a 3D time-lapse seismic dataset from the Sleipner CO2 sequestration project, Norwegian North Sea. We measured changes in the seismic amplitude and traveltime at the top of the Sleipner sandstone reservoir and used these time-lapse seismic attributes in the inversion. Maps of CO2 thickness and its standard deviation were generated for the topmost layer. From this information, we estimated that 7.4% of the total CO2 injected over a five-year period had reached the top of the reservoir. This inversion approach could also be applied to the remaining levels within the anomalous zone to obtain an estimate of the total CO2 injected.

Mark A. Meadows

2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

327

Robust inverse scattering full waveform seismic tomography for imaging complex structure  

SciTech Connect

Seismic tomography becomes important tool recently for imaging complex subsurface. It is well known that imaging complex rich fault zone is difficult. In this paper, The application of time domain inverse scattering wave tomography to image the complex fault zone would be shown on this paper, especially an efficient time domain inverse scattering tomography and their run in cluster parallel computer which has been developed. This algorithm is purely based on scattering theory through solving Lippmann Schwienger integral by using Born's approximation. In this paper, it is shown the robustness of this algorithm especially in avoiding the inversion trapped in local minimum to reach global minimum. A large data are solved by windowing and blocking technique of memory as well as computation. Parameter of windowing computation is based on shot gather's aperture. This windowing technique reduces memory as well as computation significantly. This parallel algorithm is done by means cluster system of 120 processors from 20 nodes of AMD Phenom II. Benchmarking of this algorithm is done by means Marmoussi model which can be representative of complex rich fault area. It is shown that the proposed method can image clearly the rich fault and complex zone in Marmoussi model even though the initial model is quite far from the true model. Therefore, this method can be as one of solution to image the very complex mode.

Nurhandoko, Bagus Endar B.; Sukmana, Indriani; Wibowo, Satryo; Deny, Agus; Kurniadi, Rizal; Widowati, Sri; Mubarok, Syahrul; Susilowati; Kaswandhi [Wave Inversion and Subsurface Fluid Imaging Research (WISFIR) Lab., Complex System Research Division, Physics Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung. and Rock Fluid Imaging Lab., Rock Physics and Cluster C (Indonesia); Rock Fluid Imaging Lab., Rock Physics and Cluster Computing Center, Bandung (Indonesia); Physics Department of Institut Teknologi Bandung (Indonesia); Rock Fluid Imaging Lab., Rock Physics and Cluster Computing Center, Bandung, Indonesia and Institut Teknologi Telkom, Bandung (Indonesia); Rock Fluid Imaging Lab., Rock Physics and Cluster Computing Center, Bandung (Indonesia)

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

328

Tutorial Design Windows - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tutorial Design Windows: Activity 2: Activity 2 Design Window Return to tutorial. Exercise 1: Exercise 1 Design Window Return to exercises. Exercise 2: Exercise ...

329

Simplicity in interaction design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Attaining simplicity is a key challenge in interaction design. Our approach relies on a minimalist design exercise to explore the communication capacity for interaction components. This approach results in expressive design solutions, useful perspectives ... Keywords: expressiveness, interface design, simplicity, usability

Angela Chang; James Gouldstone; Jamie Zigelbaum; Hiroshi Ishii

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

On Computation of the Design Function Gradient for the Sensor-Location Problem in Variational Data Assimilation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The optimal sensor-location problem is considered in the framework of variational data assimilation for a large-scale dynamical model governed by partial differential equations. This problem is formulated as an optimization problem for the design function ... Keywords: Lanczos method, design function gradient, large-scale flow models, limited-memory inverse Hessian, optimal experiment design, sensor-location problem, variational data assimilation

I. Yu. Gejadze; V. Shutyaev

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

A Numerical Study of Inversion-Layer Breakup and the Effects of Topographic Shading in Idealized Valleys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical simulations of inversion-layer breakup in idealized steep valleys are performed using the Advanced Regional Prediction System (ARPS) to investigate the effects of valley width and depth, and topographic shade. Simulations of the diurnal ...

Augustin Colette; Fotini Katopodes Chow; Robert L. Street

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

A Direct Inverse Method for Inferring Open Boundary Conditions of a Finite-Element Linear Harmonic Ocean Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A direct inverse method is presented for inferring numerical model open boundary conditions from interior observational data. The dynamical context of the method is the frequency-domain 3D linear shallow water equations. A set of weight matrices ...

Zhigang Xu

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

The Subpolar Front of the Japan/East Sea. Part II: Inverse Method for Determining the Frontal Vertical Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An inverse method for inferring vertical velocities from high-resolution hydrographic/velocity surveys is formulated and applied to observations collected at the subpolar front of the Japan/East Sea (JES) taken during several cold-air outbreaks. ...

Leif N. Thomas; Craig M. Lee; Yutaka Yoshikawa

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

The North Atlantic Circulation in the Early 1980s-An Estimate from Inversion of a Finite-Difference Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A finite-difference model of the North Atlantic is constructed for the purpose Of making an estimate of the circulation through an inverse calculation. The database is eclectic, and includes hydrography, oxygen, nutrients current meter and float ...

Franoise Martel; Carl Wunsch

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Multidataset Study of Optimal Parameter and Uncertainty Estimation of a Land Surface Model with Bayesian Stochastic Inversion and Multicriteria Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study evaluates the ability of Bayesian stochastic inversion (BSI) and multicriteria (MC) methods to search for the optimal parameter sets of the Chameleon Surface Model (CHASM) using prescribed forcing to simulate observed sensible and ...

Youlong Xia; Mrinal K. Sen; Charles S. Jackson; Paul L. Stoffa

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Decadal Predictability of the Atlantic Ocean in a Coupled GCM: Forecast Skill and Optimal Perturbations Using Linear Inverse Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The decadal predictability of three-dimensional Atlantic Ocean anomalies is examined in a coupled global climate model [the third climate configuration of the Met Office Unified Model (HadCM3)] using a linear inverse modeling (LIM) approach. It ...

Ed Hawkins; Rowan Sutton

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Pilot Study of Methods to Decrease Measurement Errors of Tropospheric Inversions by Ground-Based Microwave Radiometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results of radiometer temperature profile simulations are analyzed in order to examine the hypothesis that knowledge of temperature inversion parameters obtained from other instruments would substantially improve the accuracy of radiometric ...

Patricia A. Miller; Michael J. Falls

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Mesoscale (50100 km) Circulations Revealed by Inverse and Classical Analysis of the JASIN Hydrographic Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inverse analysis (Wunsch, 1978) has been applied to two 10-day surveys of an area 15 km consisting of nearly 100 CTD stations, in order to determine the velocity field with a horizontal resolution of 45 km.

R. T. Pollard

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

The Morning Inversion Near the Ground and Its Daytime Transition at Two Rural Sites in the Carolinas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Six years of tower data from two dissimilar sites in the eastern piedmont of the Carolinas are analyzed to yield a selective climatology of the lower portion of the morning inversion. Its transition to daytime conditions is then described and ...

Allen J. Riordan; Jerry M. Davis; Raymond B. Kiess

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Wind Tunnel Study of Turbulent Flow Structure in the Convective Boundary Layer Capped by a Temperature Inversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments on simulating the atmospheric convective boundary layer (CBL), capped by a temperature inversion and affected by surface shear, were carried out in the thermally stratified wind tunnel of the Institute of Hydrology and Water Resources,...

Evgeni Fedorovich; Rolf Kaiser; Matthias Rau; Erich Plate

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inverse design cid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Application of a Direct Inverse Data Assimilation Method to the M2 Tide on the Newfoundland and Southern Labrador Shelves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The barotropic M2 tide over the Newfoundland and southern Labrador Shelves and adjacent deep ocean is studied using a linear harmonic finite-element model and a newly developed direct inverse method for data assimilation. The dataset includes ...

Zhigang Xu; Ross M. Hendry; John W. Loder

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Fast MCMC sampling for sparse Bayesian inference in high-dimensional inverse problems using L1-type priors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sparsity has become a key concept for solving of high-dimensional inverse problems using variational regularization techniques. Recently, using similar sparsity-constraints in the Bayesian framework for inverse problems by encoding them in the prior distribution has attracted attention. Important questions about the relation between regularization theory and Bayesian inference still need to be addressed when using sparsity promoting inversion. A practical obstacle for these examinations is the lack of fast posterior sampling algorithms for sparse, high-dimensional Bayesian inversion: Accessing the full range of Bayesian inference methods requires being able to draw samples from the posterior probability distribution in a fast and efficient way. The most commonly applied Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) sampling algorithms for this purpose are Metropolis-Hastings (MH) schemes. However, we demonstrate in this article that for sparse priors relying on L1-norms, their efficiency dramatically decreases when the lev...

Lucka, Felix

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Rapid and Efficient cDNA Library Screening by Self-Ligation of Inverse PCR Products (SLIP)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an arrayed cDNA library by PCR. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA,polymerase chain reaction (RTPCR) as a sensitive and rapidA.Y. (2003) Use of inverse PCR to clone cDNA ends. Methods

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Use of a Neurovariational Inversion for Retrieving Oceanic and Atmospheric Constituents from Ocean Color Imagery: A Feasibility Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a neurovariational method for inverting satellite ocean-color signals. The method is based on a combination of neural networks and classical variational inversion. The radiative transfer equations are modeled by neural ...

C. Jamet; S. Thiria; C. Moulin; M. Crepon

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Timing and Tectonic implications of basin inversion in the Nam Con Son Basin and adjacent areas, southern South China Sea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Nam Con Son (NCS) Basin, located offshore of SE Vietnam, is one of several Tertiary rift basins that formed during initial Eocene(?)-Oligocene rifting. Following cessation of rifting at the end of Oligocene time, these basins were subjected to spatially and temporally variable, complex inversion events during Miocene time. Fault orientations on inversion structures in the West Natuna Basin and the Western NCSB closely parallel the western side of the Natuna Arch, which may have served as a regional "buttress" where stress was concentrated and strain was deflected from Early to Late Miocene time. Early to Middle Miocene basin inversion across the Western NCSB was coincident with the most intense phase of basin inversion in the West Natuna and Malay basins. Contraction in the Western NCS, West Natuna, and Malay basins was accommodated through reactivation of major basin-bounding fault systems that resulted in asymmetric fault-bend folding of syn- and early post-rift strata. Inversion of western Sunda Shelf basins progressed from the West Natuna and Western Nam Con Son basins into the southern Malay Basin from Early to Middle Miocene time. The most intense inversion was recorded in the West Natuna Basin during Early Miocene time with regional uplift of the southern Malay and West Natuna basins during Middle Miocene time. Whereas both the Eastern and Western NCS sub-basins experienced fault reactivation during Miocene time, the timing and styles of inversion are different. Unlike the Western NCSB, the Eastern NCSB experienced only mild positive reactivation of pre-existing synthetic and antithetic hanging-wall faults, causing simple amplification of pre-existing rollover in the hanging-wall fill during Middle Miocene time. Basin inversion of the West Natuna, Western Nam Con Son, and Malay basins is attributed to collision-induced clockwise rotation of Borneo and the attached, rigid Natuna Arch and Natuna Basement Ridge, beginning during Early Miocene time. This accounts for: 1) the south to north progression of inversion from Early to Late Miocene time, 2) magnitudes of inversion documented within each basin, 3) the suggested NW-SE orientation of []?,4) the approximately N-S azimuth of compression that caused observed styles of inversion to form.

Olson, Christopher Charles

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Acoustic impedance inversion of the Lower Permian carbonate buildups in the Permian Basin, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbonate reservoirs are usually diffcult to map and identify in seismic sections due to their complex structure, lithology and diagenetic frabrics. The Midland Basin, located in the Permian Basin of West Texas, is an excellent example of these complex carbonate structures. In order to obtain a better characterization and imaging of the carbonate buildups, an acoustic impedance inversion is proposed here. The resolution of the acoustic impedance is the same as the input seismic data, which is greatly improved with the addition of the low frequency content extracted from well data. From the broadband volume, high resolution maps of acoustic impedance distributions were obtained, and therefore the locations of carbonate buildups were easily determined. A correlation between acoustic impedance and porosity extracted from well data shows that areas with high acoustic impedance were correlated with low porosity values, whereas high porosities were located in areas of low acoustic impedance. Theoretical analyses were performed using the time-average equation and the Gassmann equation. These theoretical models helped to understand how porosity distributions affect acoustic impedance. Both equations predicted a decrease in acoustic impedance as porosity increases. Inversion results showed that average porosity values are 5% [plus or minus] 5%, typical for densely cemented rocks. Previous studies done in the study area indicate that grains are moderately to well-sorted. This suggests that time-average approximation will overestimate porosity values and the Gassmann approach better predicts the measured data. A comparison between measured data and the Gassmann equation suggests that rocks with low porosities (less than 5%) tend to have high acoustic impedance values. On the other hand, rocks with higher porosities (5% to 10%) have lower acoustic impedance values. The inversion performed on well data also shows that the ?uid bulk modulus for currently producing wells is lower than in non-productive wells, (wells with low production rates for brine and hydrocarbons), which is consistent with pore ?uids containing a larger concentration of oil. The acoustic impedance inversion was demonstrated to be a robust technique for mapping complex structures and estimating porosities as well. However, it is not capable of differentiating different types of carbonate buildups and their origin.

Pablo, Buenafama Aleman

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Final Version: Orbital Specificity in the Unoccupied States of UO2 from Resonant Inverse Photoelectron Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

One of the crucial questions of all actinide electronic structure determinations is the issue of 5f versus 6d character and the distribution of these components across the density of states. Here, a break-though experiment is discussed, which has allowed the direct determination of the U5f and U6d contributions to the unoccupied density of states (UDOS) in Uranium Dioxide. A novel Resonant Inverse Photoelectron (RIPES) and X-ray Emission Spectroscopy (XES) investigation of UO{sub 2} is presented. It is shown that the U5f and U6d components are isolated and identified unambiguously.

Tobin, J G; Yu, S W

2012-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

348

Holistic ship design optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ship design is a complex endeavor requiring the successful coordination of many disciplines, of both technical and non-technical nature, and of individual experts to arrive at valuable design solutions. Inherently coupled with the design process is design ... Keywords: Enhanced survivability, Genetic algorithms, Holistic ship design, Minimization of resistance and wash, Multi-objective optimization

Apostolos Papanikolaou

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Whither design space?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Design space exploration is a long-standing focus in computational design research. Its three main threads are accounts of designer action, development of strategies for amplification of designer action in exploration, and discovery of computational ... Keywords: Design Space Exploration, Knowledge Representation, Search, State Space, Typed Feature Structures

Robert F. Woodbury; Andrew L. Burrow

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

COLLECTIVE EVIDENCE FOR INVERSE COMPTON EMISSION FROM EXTERNAL PHOTONS IN HIGH-POWER BLAZARS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the first collective evidence that Fermi-detected jets of high kinetic power (L{sub kin}) are dominated by inverse Compton emission from upscattered external photons. Using a sample with a broad range in orientation angle, including radio galaxies and blazars, we find that very high power sources (L{sub kin} > 10{sup 45.5} erg s{sup -1}) show a significant increase in the ratio of inverse Compton to synchrotron power (Compton dominance) with decreasing orientation angle, as measured by the radio core dominance and confirmed by the distribution of superluminal speeds. This increase is consistent with beaming expectations for external Compton (EC) emission, but not for synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) emission. For the lowest power jets (L{sub kin} < 10{sup 43.5} erg s{sup -1}), no trend between Compton and radio core dominance is found, consistent with SSC. Importantly, the EC trend is not seen for moderately high power flat spectrum radio quasars with strong external photon fields. Coupled with the evidence that jet power is linked to the jet speed, this finding suggests that external photon fields become the dominant source of seed photons in the jet comoving frame only for the faster and therefore more powerful jets.

Meyer, Eileen T.; Fossati, Giovanni [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005 (United States); Georganopoulos, Markos [Department of Physics, Joint Center for Astrophysics, University of Maryland Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250 (United States); Lister, Matthew L. [Department of Physics, Purdue University, 525 Northwestern Avenue, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States)

2012-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

351

The Inverse-Compton And Extragalactic Components Of The Diffuse Gamma-Ray Emission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present spectra of the inverse-Compton and extragalactic components of the high-energy gamma-radiation based on an analysis of the emission at high galactic latitudes ($\\vert$b$\\vert$ $\\geq$ $30\\deg$). We correlate the gamma-ray intensity with a model consisting of an isotropic component, a component proportional to the 408 MHz synchrotron radiation, and a component proportional to atomic hydrogen (H I) column density with different emissivities in eight galactic octants. The spectrum of gamma-radiation that is correlated with the H I column density indicates that this component originates in cosmic-ray/matter interactions. The cosmic-ray electrons which produce the 408 MHz radio continuum emission also produce gamma-radiation through inverse-Compton interactions with interstellar photons. By correlating the gamma-radiation with the 408 MHz continuum, we measure the spectrum and absolute intensity of the IC emission. The isotropic component gives us the spectrum and intensity of the extragalactic gamma-radiation. We discuss interpretation of the extragalactic spectrum.

Andrew Chen; Joseph Dwyer; Philip Kaaret

1995-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

352

The inverse conjecture for the Gowers norm over finite fields via the correspondence principle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The inverse conjecture for the Gowers norms $U^d(V)$ for finite-dimensional vector spaces $V$ over a finite field $\\F$ asserts, roughly speaking, that a bounded function $f$ has large Gowers norm $\\|f\\|_{U^d(V)}$ if and only if it correlates with a phase polynomial $\\phi = e_\\F(P)$ of degree at most $d-1$, thus $P: V \\to \\F$ is a polynomial of degree at most $d-1$. In this paper, we develop a variant of the Furstenberg correspondence principle which allows us to establish this conjecture in the large characteristic case $\\charac(F) \\geq d$ from an ergodic theory counterpart, which was recently established by Bergelson and the authors. In low characteristic we obtain a partial result, in which the phase polynomial $\\phi$ is allowed to be of some larger degree $C(d)$. The full inverse conjecture remains open in low characteristic; the counterexamples by Lovett-Meshulam-Samorodnitsky or Green-Tao in this setting can be avoided by a slight reformulation of the conjecture.

Tao, Terence

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Solar control design package  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Information used in the evaluation of design of Solar Control's solar heating and cooling system controller and the Solarstat is presented. System performance specifications, design data brochures, and detailed design drawings are presented.

Not Available

1978-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Computation & design for nanophotonics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The versatility of computational design as an alternative to design by nanofabrication has made computers a reliable design tool in nanophotonics. Given that almost any 2d pattern can be fabricated at infrared length scales, ...

Oskooi, Ardavan F

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Robust Optimization of Nanometer SRAM Designs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technology scaling has been the most obvious choice of designers and chip manufacturing companies to improve the performance of analog and digital circuits. With the ever shrinking technological node, process variations can no longer be ignored and play a significant role in determining the performance of nanoscaled devices. By choosing a worst case design methodology, circuit designers have been very munificent with the design parameters chosen, often manifesting in pessimistic designs with significant area overheads. Significant work has been done in estimating the impact of intra-die process variations on circuit performance, pertinently, noise margin and standby leakage power, for fixed transistor channel dimensions. However, for an optimal, high yield, SRAM cell design, it is absolutely imperative to analyze the impact of process variations at every design point, especially, since the distribution of process variations is a statistically varying parameter and has an inverse correlation with the area of the MOS transistor. Furthermore, the first order analytical models used for optimization of SRAM memories are not as accurate and the impact of voltage and its inclusion as an input, along with other design parameters, is often ignored. In this thesis, the performance parameters of a nano-scaled 6-T SRAM cell are modeled as an accurate, yield aware, empirical polynomial predictor, in the presence of intra-die process variations. The estimated empirical models are used in a constrained non-linear, robust optimization framework to design an SRAM cell, for a 45 nm CMOS technology, having optimal performance, according to bounds specified for the circuit performance parameters, with the objective of minimizing on-chip area. This statistically aware technique provides a more realistic design methodology to study the trade off between performance parameters of the SRAM. Furthermore, a dual optimization approach is followed by considering SRAM power supply and wordline voltages as additional input parameters, to simultaneously tune the design parameters, ensuring a high yield and considerable area reduction. In addition, the cell level optimization framework is extended to the system level optimization of caches, under both cell level and system level performance constraints.

Dayal, Akshit

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Passive Solar Design  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The difference between a passive solar home and a conventional home is design. Passive solar homes and other buildings are designed to take advantage of the local climate.

357

Seismic Imaging and Inversion: Application of Linear Theory (2012), Cambridge University Press, co-authored with Bob Stolt  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extracting information from seismic data requires knowledge of seismic wave propagation and reflection. The commonly used method involves solving linearly for a reflectivity at every point within the Earth, but this book follows an alternative approach which invokes inverse scattering theory. By developing the theory of seismic imaging from basic principles, the authors relate the different models of seismic propagation, reflection and imaging - thus providing links to reflectivity-based imaging on the one hand and to nonlinear seismic inversion on the other. The comprehensive and physically complete linear imaging foundation developed presents new results at the leading edge of seismic processing for target location and identification. This book serves as a fundamental guide to seismic imaging principles and algorithms and their foundation in inverse scattering theory and is a valuable resource for working geoscientists, scientific programmers and theoretical physicists.

Weglein, Arthur B.; Stolt, Bob H.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

DOE handbook: Design considerations  

SciTech Connect

The Design Considerations Handbook includes information and suggestions for the design of systems typical to nuclear facilities, information specific to various types of special facilities, and information useful to various design disciplines. The handbook is presented in two parts. Part 1, which addresses design considerations, includes two sections. The first addresses the design of systems typically used in nuclear facilities to control radiation or radioactive materials. Specifically, this part addresses the design of confinement systems and radiation protection and effluent monitoring systems. The second section of Part 1 addresses the design of special facilities (i.e., specific types of nonreactor nuclear facilities). The specific design considerations provided in this section were developed from review of DOE 6430.1A and are supplemented with specific suggestions and considerations from designers with experience designing and operating such facilities. Part 2 of the Design Considerations Handbook describes good practices and design principles that should be considered in specific design disciplines, such as mechanical systems and electrical systems. These good practices are based on specific experiences in the design of nuclear facilities by design engineers with related experience. This part of the Design Considerations Handbook contains five sections, each of which applies to a particular engineering discipline.

NONE

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Inverse modeling of CO2 sources and sinks using satellite observations of CO2 from TES and surface flask measurements  

SciTech Connect

We infer CO2 surface fluxes using satellite observations of mid-tropospheric CO2 from the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) and measurements of CO2 from surface flasks in a time-independent inversion analysis based on the GEOS-Chem model. Using TES CO2 observations over oceans, spanning 40 S 40 N, we find that the horizontal and vertical coverage of the TES and flask data are complementary. This complementarity is demonstrated by combining the datasets in a joint inversion, which provides better constraints than from either dataset alone, when a posteriori CO2 distributions are evaluated against independent ship and aircraft CO2 data. In particular, the joint inversion offers improved constraints in the tropics where surface measurements are sparse, such as the tropical forests of South America. Aggregating the annual surface-to-atmosphere fluxes from the joint inversion for the year 2006 yields 1.13 0.21 PgC for the global ocean, 2.77 0.20 PgC for the global land biosphere and 3.90 0.29 PgC for the total global natural flux (defined as the sum of all biospheric, oceanic, and biomass burning contributions but excluding CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion). These global ocean and global land fluxes are shown to be near the median of the broad range of values from other inversion results for 2006. To achieve these results, a bias in TES CO2 in the Southern Hemisphere was assessed and corrected using aircraft flask data, and we demonstrate that our results have low sensitivity to variations in the bias correction approach. Overall, this analysis suggests that future carbon data assimilation systems can benefit by integrating in situ and satellite observations of CO2 and that the vertical information provided by satellite observations of mid-tropospheric CO2 combined with measurements of surface CO2, provides an important additional constraint for flux inversions.

Nassar, Ray [University of Toronto; Jones, DBA [University of Toronto; Kulawik, SS [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA; Worden, JR [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA; Bowman, K [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA; Andres, Robert Joseph [ORNL; Suntharalingam, P [University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom; Chen, j. [University of Toronto; Brenninkmeijer, CAM [Max Planck Institut fur Chemie, Mainz; Schuck, TJ [Max Planck Institut fur Chemie, Mainz; Conway, T.J. [NOAA, Boulder, CO; Worthy, DE [Environment Canada

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Inverse Transformation Optics and Reflection Analysis for Two-Dimensional Finite Embedded Coordinate Transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inverse transformation optics is introduced, and used to calculate the boundary reflection of a two-dimensional (2D) finite embedded coordinate transformation which is discontinuous at the boundary. For an electromagnetic excitation of particular polarization, many pairs of original medium (in a virtual space) and transformation function can give exactly the same anisotropic medium through a conventional procedure of transformation optics. Non-uniqueness of these pairs is then exploited for the analysis and calculation of the boundary reflection. The reflection at the boundary of the anisotropic transformation medium (associated with vacuum in the virtual space) is converted to the simple reflection between two isotropic media in a virtual space by a new transformation continuous at the boundary. A necessary condition for reflectionless boundary of finite embedded coordinate transformation is found as a special case. The theory is verified numerically with the finite element method.

Zhang, Pu; He, Sailing

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inverse design cid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

The d-bar approach to approximate inverse scattering at fixed energy in three dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop the d-bar approach to inverse scattering at fixed energy in dimensions $d\\ge 3$ of [Beals, Coifman 1985] and [Henkin, Novikov 1987]. As a result we propose a stable method for nonlinear approximate finding a potential $v$ from its scattering amplitude $f$ at fixed energy $E>0$ in dimension $d=3$. In particular, in three dimensions we stably reconstruct n-times smooth potential $v$ with sufficient decay at infinity, $n>3$, from its scattering amplitude $f$ at fixed energy $E$ up to $O(E^{-(n-3-\\epsilon)/2})$ in the uniform norm as $E\\to +\\infty$ for any fixed arbitrary small $\\epsilon >0$ (that is with almost the same decay rate of the error for $E\\to +\\infty$ as in the linearized case near zero potential).

Roman Novikov

2005-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

362

Nonradiating and minimum energy sources and their fields: Generalized source inversion theory and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AbstractA new general framework for characterizing scalar and electromagnetic (EM) nonradiating (NR) and minimum energy (ME) sources and their fields is developed that is of interest for both radiation and source reconstruction problems. NR sources are characterized in connection with the concept of reciprocity as nonreceptors. Localized ME sources are shown to be free fields truncated within the sources support. A new source analysis tool is developed that is based on the decomposition of a source and its field into their radiating and NR components. The individual radiating and reactive energy roles of the radiating and NR parts of a source are characterized. The general theory is illustrated with a time-harmonic EM example. Index TermsInverse problems.

Edwin A. Marengo; Richard W. Ziolkowski

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Analysis and solution of the ill-posed inverse heat conduction problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The inverse conduction problem arises when experimental measurements are taken in the interior of a body, and it is desired to calculate temperature and heat flux values on the surface. The problem is shown to be ill-posed, as the solution exhibits unstable dependence on the given data functions. A special solution procedure is developed for the one-dimensional case which replaces the heat conduction equation with an approximating hyperbolic equation. If viewed from a new perspective, where the roles of the spatial and time variables are interchanged, then an initial value problem for the damped wave equation is obtained. Since this formulation is well-posed, both analytic and numerical solution procedures are readily available. Sample calculations confirm that this approach produces consistent, reliable results for both linear and nonlinear problems.

Weber, C.F.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Measurement of Inverse Pion Photoproduction at Energies Spanning the N(1440) Resonance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Differential cross sections for the process pi^- p -> gamma n have been measured at Brookhaven National Laboratory's Alternating Gradient Synchrotron with the Crystal Ball multiphoton spectrometer. Measurements were made at 18 pion momenta from 238 to 748 MeV/c, corresponding to E_gamma for the inverse reaction from 285 to 769 MeV. The data have been used to evaluate the gamma n multipoles in the vicinity of the N(1440) resonance. We compare our data and multipoles to previous determinations. A new three-parameter SAID fit yields 36 +/- 7 (GeV)^-1/2 X 10^-3 for the A^n_1/2 amplitude of the P_11.

A. Shafi; S. Prakhov; I. I. Strakovsky; W. J. Briscoe; B. M. K. Nefkens; C. E. Allgower; R. A. Arndt; V. Bekrenev; C. Bennhold; M. Clajus; J. R. Comfort; K. Craig; D. Grosnick; D. Isenhower; N. Knecht; D. D. Koetke; A. Kulbardis; N. Kozlenko; S. Kruglov; G. Lolos; I. Lopatin; D. M. Manley; R. Manweiler; A. Marusic; S. McDonald; J. Olmsted; Z. Papandreou; D. Peaslee; N. Phaisangittisaku; J. W. Price; A. F. Ramirez; M. Sadler; H. Spinka; T. D. S. Stanislaus; A. Starostin; H. M. Staudenmaier; I. Supek; W. B. Tippens; R. L. Workman

2004-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

365

Inverse beta decay reaction in 232 Th and 233 U fission antineutrino flux  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy spectra of antineutrinos coming from 232 Th and 233 U neutroninduced fission are calculated, relevant inverse beta decay ?e + p ? n+e + positron spectra and total cross sections are found. This study is stimulated by a hypothesis that a self-sustained nuclear chain reaction is burning at the center of the Earth (Georeactor). The Georeactor, according to the author of this idea, provides energy necessary to sustain the Earths magnetic field. The Georeactors nuclear fuel is 235 U and, probably, 232 Th and 233 U. Results of present study may appear to be useful in future experiments aimed to test the Georector hypothesis and to estimate its fuel components as a part of developments in geophysics and astrophysics based on observations of low energy antineutrinos in Nature.

G. Domogatski; V. Kopeikin; L. Mikaelyan; V. Sinev

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

New technique for phase shift analysis: multi-energy solution of inverse scattering problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate a new approach to the analysis of extensive multi-energy data. For the case of d + He-4, we produce a phase shift analysis covering for the energy range 3 to 11 MeV. The key idea is the use of iterative perturbative data-to-potential inversion which can produce potentials which reproduce the data simultaneously over a range of energies. It thus effectively regularizes the extraction of phase shifts from diverse, incomplete and possibly somewhat contradictory data sets. In doing so, it will provide guidance to experimentalists as to what further measurements should be made. This study is limited to vector spin observables and spin-orbit interactions. We discuss alternative ways in which the theory can be implemented and which provide insight into the ambiguity problems. We compare the extrapolation of these solutions to other energies. Majorana terms are presented for each potential component.

S. G. Cooper; V. I. Kukulin; R. S. Mackintosh; E. V. Kuznetsova

1998-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

367

IBIS: An inverse geometry Brillouin inelastic neutron spectrometer for the SNS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The high power target station at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) currently has about 20 completed neutron scattering instruments. With a broad coverage of the momentum transfer (Q)-energy (E) space, these instruments serve an extensive user community. In an effort to further expand the scientific capabilities of the SNS instrument suites, we propose a low background, inverse geometry Brillouin inelastic spectrometer for the SNS which will expand the Q-E coverage of the current instrument suite and facilitate the study of inelastic and quasi-elastic scatterings at low Q values. The possible location for the proposed instrument is either beamline 8 which views the decoupled water moderator, or beamline 14A, which views a cold, coupled super critical hydrogen moderator. The instrument parameters, optimizations, and performances at these two beamline locations are discussed.

Zhao, Jinkui [ORNL; Wildgruber, Christoph U [ORNL; Robertson, Lee [ORNL; Herwig, Kenneth W [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Systematic method of generating new integrable systems via inverse Miura maps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We provide a new natural interpretation of the Lax representation for an integrable system; that is, the spectral problem is the linearized form of a Miura transformation between the original system and a modified version of it. On the basis of this interpretation, we formulate a systematic method of identifying modified integrable systems that can be mapped to a given integrable system by Miura transformations. Thus, this method can be used to generate new integrable systems from known systems through inverse Miura maps; it can be applied to both continuous and discrete systems in 1 + 1 dimensions as well as in 2 + 1 dimensions. The effectiveness of the method is illustrated using examples such as the nonlinear Schroedinger (NLS) system, the Zakharov-Ito system (two-component KdV), the three-wave interaction system, the Yajima-Oikawa system, the Ablowitz-Ladik lattice (integrable space-discrete NLS), and two (2 + 1)-dimensional NLS systems.

Tsuchida, Takayuki [Okayama Institute for Quantum Physics, Kyoyama 1-9-1, Okayama 700-0015 (Japan)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

Deficit of reactor antineutrinos at distances smaller than 100 m and inverse beta-decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyse a change of a deficit of reactor antineutrinos at distances smaller than 100 m by changing the lifetime of the neutron from tau_n = 885.7 s to tau_n = 879.6 s, calculated for the axial coupling constants lambda = - 1.2694 and lambda = - 1.2750, respectively, in order to get a result corresponding the new world average value tau_n = 880.1(1.1) s. We calculate the angular distribution and cross section for the inverse beta-decay, taking into account the contributions of the "weak magnetism" and the neutron recoil to next-to-leading order in the large baryon mass expansion and the radiative corrections of order alpha/\\pi ~ 10^(-3), calculated to leading order in the large baryon mass expansion. We obtain an increase of a deficit of reactor antineutrinos in of about 0.734%.

A. N. Ivanov; R. Hollwieser; N. I. Troitskaya; M. Wellenzohn; O. M. Zherebtsov; A. P. Serebrov

2013-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

370

Designing decommissioning into new reactor designs  

SciTech Connect

One of the lessons learned from decommissioning of existing reactors has been that decommissioning was not given much thought when these reactors were designed some three or four decades ago. Recently, the nuclear power has seen a worldwide resurgence and many new advanced reactor designs are either on the market or nearing design completion. Most of these designs are evolutionary in nature and build on the existing and proven technologies. They also incorporate many improvements and take advantage of the substantial operating experience. Nevertheless, by and large, the main factors driving the design of new reactors are the safety features, safeguards considerations, and the economic factors. With a large decommissioning experience that already exists in the nuclear industry, and with average decommissioning costs at around six hundred million dollars for each reactor in today's dollars, it is necessary that decommissioning factors also be considered as a part of the early design effort. Even though decommissioning may be sixty years down the road from the time they go on line, it is only prudent that new designs be optimized for eventual decommissioning, along with the other major considerations. (authors)

Devgun, J.S.; CHMM, Ph.D. [Nuclear Power Technologies, Sargent and Lundy LLC, Chicago, IL (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Radiological design guide  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this design guide is to provide radiological safety requirements, standards, and information necessary for designing facilities that will operate without unacceptable risk to personnel, the public, or the environment as required by the US Department of Energy (DOE). This design guide, together with WHC-CM-4-29, Nuclear Criticality Safety, WHC-CM-4-46, Nonreactor Facility Safety Analysis, and WHC-CM-7-5, Environmental Compliance, covers the radiation safety design requirements at Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC). This design guide applies to the design of all new facilities. The WHC organization with line responsibility for design shall determine to what extent this design guide shall apply to the modifications to existing facilities. In making this determination, consideration shall include a cost versus benefit study. Specifically, facilities that store, handle, or process radioactive materials will be covered. This design guide replaces WHC-CM-4-9 and is designated a living document. This design guide is intended for design purposes only. Design criteria are different from operational criteria and often more stringent. Criteria that might be acceptable for operations might not be adequate for design.

Evans, R.A.

1994-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

372

An Inverse Model for Seasonal Circulation over the Southern Brazilian Shelf: Near-Surface Velocity from the Heat Budget  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An inverse model was developed of the seasonal upper-layer circulation in the region adjacent to the coast of southern Brazil between 30 and 35S, 50 and 55W near the boundary of the BrazilMalvinas confluence. In this region there are no in ...

Peter O. Zavialov; Renato D. Ghisolfi; Carlos A. E. Garcia

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Inverse Modeling of the Action-Balance Equation. Part I: Source Expansion and Adjoint-Model Equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper a series of numerical experiments is defined to explore the inverse modeling of the action-balance equation governing the evolution of the surface gravity wave field, using the adjoint data-assimation model-optimization procedure of ...

R. L. Snyder; L. M. Lawson; R. B. Long

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

The inverse scattering problem at fixed energy based on the Marchenko equation for an auxiliary Sturm-Liouville operator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new approach is proposed to the solution of the quantum mechanical inverse scattering problem at fixed energy. The method relates the fixed energy phase shifts to those arising in an auxiliary Sturm-Liouville problem via the interpolation theory of the Weyl-Titchmarsh m-function. Then a Marchenko equation is solved to obtain the potential.

Palmai, Tamas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Post-breakup tectonics in southeast Brazil from thermochronological data and combined inverse-forward thermal history modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Post-breakup tectonics in southeast Brazil from thermochronological data and combined inverse November 2012. [1] The continental margin of southeast Brazil is elevated. Onshore Tertiary basins and Late with Andean tectonics and those in NE Brazil leads us to assume a plate-wide compressional stress

376

Large-scale 3D inversion of marine magnetotelluric data: Case study from the Gemini prospect, Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

collected by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography SIO in the Gemini prospect, Gulf of MexicoLarge-scale 3D inversion of marine magnetotelluric data: Case study from the Gemini prospect, Gulf of Mexico Michael S. Zhdanov1 , Le Wan1 , Alexander Gribenko1 , Martin Cuma1 , Kerry Key2 , and Steven

Constable, Steve

377

3D Inversion of Time Domain Data with application to San Nicolas Napier , Oldenburg , Haber , and Shekhtman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electromagnetic data collected in a field survey can be inverted to recover a 3D distribution of elec- trical grid where E is defined on cell faces and H is defined on cell edges. The electric field is decomposed3D Inversion of Time Domain Data with application to San Nicolas Napier , Oldenburg , Haber

Oldenburg, Douglas W.

378

Conceptual Safety Design RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Conceptual Safety Design (CSD) Review Module (RM) is a tool that assists DOE federal project review teams in evaluating the adequacy of the Conceptual Safety Design work, processes and...

379

Final Design RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Final Design (FD) Review Module (RM) is a tool that assists Department of Energy (DOE) federal project review teams in evaluating the technical sufficiency of the final design prior to CD-3...

380

Preliminary Safety Design RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Preliminary Safety Design (PSD) Review Module (RM) is a tool that assists DOE federal project review teams in evaluating the adequacy of the Preliminary Safety Design work, processes and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inverse design cid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Energy design for architects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book contains techniques for energy efficiency in architectural design. Many aspects are covered including: cost; comfort and health; energy use; the design process; and analytical techniques. 202 figs. (JF)

Shaw, A. (ed.)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Design of intelligent interiors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ubiquitous computing is transforming interior design by allowing utilities, goods and information to be delivered where and when we need them. How will new information technologies impact the design of interior spaces? ...

Bonanni, Leonardo Amerigo, 1977-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Seismic Design Expectations Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Seismic Design Expectations Report (SDER) is a tool that assists DOE federal project review teams in evaluating the technical sufficiency of the project seismic design activities prior to...

384

Investigations in Pyranometer Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three approaches to the design of total (global) solar pyranometers that employ new technologies and materials of manufacture are described. The pyranometers are designed to meet or exceed the requirements for high quality instruments as ...

D. J. Beaubien; A. Bisberg; A. F. Beaubien

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

On the dosimetric effect and reduction of inverse consistency and transitivity errors in deformable image registration for dose accumulation  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Deformable image registration (DIR) is necessary for accurate dose accumulation between multiple radiotherapy image sets. DIR algorithms can suffer from inverse and transitivity inconsistencies. When using deformation vector fields (DVFs) that exhibit inverse-inconsistency and are nontransitive, dose accumulation on a given image set via different image pathways will lead to different accumulated doses. The purpose of this study was to investigate the dosimetric effect of and propose a postprocessing solution to reduce inverse consistency and transitivity errors. Methods: Four MVCT images and four phases of a lung 4DCT, each with an associated calculated dose, were selected for analysis. DVFs between all four images in each data set were created using the Fast Symmetric Demons algorithm. Dose was accumulated on the fourth image in each set using DIR via two different image pathways. The two accumulated doses on the fourth image were compared. The inverse consistency and transitivity errors in the DVFs were then reduced. The dose accumulation was repeated using the processed DVFs, the results of which were compared with the accumulated dose from the original DVFs. To evaluate the influence of the postprocessing technique on DVF accuracy, the original and processed DVF accuracy was evaluated on the lung 4DCT data on which anatomical landmarks had been identified by an expert. Results: Dose accumulation to the same image via different image pathways resulted in two different accumulated dose results. After the inverse consistency errors were reduced, the difference between the accumulated doses diminished. The difference was further reduced after reducing the transitivity errors. The postprocessing technique had minimal effect on the accuracy of the DVF for the lung 4DCT images. Conclusions: This study shows that inverse consistency and transitivity errors in DIR have a significant dosimetric effect in dose accumulation; Depending on the image pathway taken to accumulate the dose, different results may be obtained. A postprocessing technique that reduces inverse consistency and transitivity error is presented, which allows for consistent dose accumulation regardless of the image pathway followed.

Bender, Edward T.; Hardcastle, Nicholas; Tome, Wolfgang A. [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53792 (United States); Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53792 and Centre for Medical Radiation Physics, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales 2522 (Australia); Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53792 (United States); Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53792 (United States); Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53792 and Centre for Medical Radiation Physics, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales 2522 (Australia)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

386

Inversion of field-scale partitioning tracer response for characterizing oil saturation distribution: a streamline approach.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Identifying distribution of remaining oil in the reservoir is vital for evaluation of existing waterflood, design of tertiary recovery projects, and location of infill drilling (more)

Iliassov, Pavel Alexandrovich

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Furnace Design and Operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...S. Lampman, Energy-Efficient Heat-Treating Furnace Design and Operation, Heat Treating, Vol 4, ASM Handbook, ASM International,

388

Participation in design things  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the design of things. This is done in an attempt to conceptually explore some of the political and practical challenges to participatory design today. Which things, and which participants? The perspective is strategic and conceptual. ... Keywords: design, object, participation, public, thing, use

Pelle Ehn

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Wet Stacks Design Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The expense of fluegas reheat has led to increased application of less expensive wet stacks downstream of wet FGD (flue gas desulfurization) systems. Good data is necessary to properly design the wet stack system or serious problems can occur. This design guide summarizes all the latest information and provides guidance on developing detailed design specifications.

1997-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

390

Three-dimensional tracking of cardiac catheters using an inverse geometry x-ray fluoroscopy system  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Scanning beam digital x-ray (SBDX) is an inverse geometry fluoroscopic system with high dose efficiency and the ability to perform continuous real-time tomosynthesis at multiple planes. This study describes a tomosynthesis-based method for 3D tracking of high-contrast objects and present the first experimental investigation of cardiac catheter tracking using a prototype SBDX system. Methods: The 3D tracking algorithm utilizes the stack of regularly spaced tomosynthetic planes that are generated by SBDX after each frame period (15 frames/s). Gradient-filtered versions of the image planes are generated, the filtered images are segmented into object regions, and then a 3D coordinate is calculated for each object region. Two phantom studies of tracking performance were conducted. In the first study, an ablation catheter in a chest phantom was imaged as it was pulled along a 3D trajectory defined by a catheter sheath (10, 25, and 50 mm/s pullback speeds). SBDX tip tracking coordinates were compared to the 3D trajectory of the sheath as determined from a CT scan of the phantom after the registration of the SBDX and CT coordinate systems. In the second study, frame-to-frame tracking precision was measured for six different catheter configurations as a function of image noise level (662-7625 photons/mm{sup 2} mean detected x-ray fluence at isocenter). Results: During catheter pullbacks, the 3D distance between the tracked catheter tip and the sheath centerline was 1.0{+-}0.8 mm (mean {+-}one standard deviation). The electrode to centerline distances were comparable to the diameter of the catheter tip (2.3 mm), the confining sheath (4 mm outside diameter), and the estimated SBDX-to-CT registration error ({+-}0.7 mm). The tip position was localized for all 332 image frames analyzed and 83% of tracked positions were inside the 3D sheath volume derived from CT. The pullback speeds derived from the catheter trajectories were within 5% of the programed pullback speeds. The tracking precision of ablation and diagnostic catheter tips ranged from {+-}0.2 mm at the highest image fluence to {+-}0.9 mm at the lowest fluence. Tracking precision depended on image fluence, the size of the tracked catheter electrode, and the contrast of the electrode. Conclusions: High speed multiplanar tomosynthesis with an inverse geometry x-ray fluoroscopy system enables 3D tracking of multiple high-contrast objects at the rate of fluoroscopic imaging. The SBDX system is capable of tracking electrodes in standard cardiac catheters with approximately 1 mm accuracy and precision.

Speidel, Michael A.; Tomkowiak, Michael T.; Raval, Amish N.; Van Lysel, Michael S. [Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53705 (United States); Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53705 (United States); Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53792 (United States); Department of Medicine and Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53792 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

391

Organ sample generator for expected treatment dose construction and adaptive inverse planning optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To create an organ sample generator (OSG) for expected treatment dose construction and adaptive inverse planning optimization. The OSG generates random samples of organs of interest from a distribution obeying the patient specific organ variation probability density function (PDF) during the course of adaptive radiotherapy. Methods: Principle component analysis (PCA) and a time-varying least-squares regression (LSR) method were used on patient specific geometric variations of organs of interest manifested on multiple daily volumetric images obtained during the treatment course. The construction of the OSG includes the determination of eigenvectors of the organ variation using PCA, and the determination of the corresponding coefficients using time-varying LSR. The coefficients can be either random variables or random functions of the elapsed treatment days depending on the characteristics of organ variation as a stationary or a nonstationary random process. The LSR method with time-varying weighting parameters was applied to the precollected daily volumetric images to determine the function form of the coefficients. Eleven h and n cancer patients with 30 daily cone beam CT images each were included in the evaluation of the OSG. The evaluation was performed using a total of 18 organs of interest, including 15 organs at risk and 3 targets. Results: Geometric variations of organs of interest during h and n cancer radiotherapy can be represented using the first 3 {approx} 4 eigenvectors. These eigenvectors were variable during treatment, and need to be updated using new daily images obtained during the treatment course. The OSG generates random samples of organs of interest from the estimated organ variation PDF of the individual. The accuracy of the estimated PDF can be improved recursively using extra daily image feedback during the treatment course. The average deviations in the estimation of the mean and standard deviation of the organ variation PDF for h and n cancer radiotherapy were less than 2 and 1 mm, respectively, for most organs after the second week of treatment. After the first three weeks of treatment, the mean discrepancy of the dose estimation accuracy was within 1% for most of organs, the corresponding standard deviation was within 2.5% for parotids, the brain stem and the cochleae, and within 1% for other organs. Conclusions: A patient specific OSG is feasible and can be used to generate random samples of organs of interest for the expected treatment dose construction and adaptive inverse planning. The accuracy of the OSG can be improved continuously and recursively during the adaptive treatment course using daily volumetric image feedback.

Nie Xiaobo; Liang Jian; Yan Di [Department of Radiation Oncology, Beaumont Health System, Royal Oak, Michigan 48073 (United States)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

392

Estimating Bacteria Emissions from Inversion of Atmospheric Transport: Sensitivity to Modelled Particle Characteristics  

SciTech Connect

Model-simulated transport of atmospheric trace components can be combined with observed concentrations to obtain estimates of ground-based sources using various inversion techniques. These approaches have been applied in the past primarily to obtain source estimates for long-lived trace gases such as CO2. We consider the application of similar techniques to source estimation for atmospheric aerosols, by using as a case study the estimation of bacteria emissions from different ecosystem regions in the global atmospheric chemistry and climate model ECHAM5/MESSy-Atmospheric Chemistry (EMAC). Simulated particle concentrations in the tropopause region and at high latitudes, as well as transport of particles to tundra and land ice regions are shown to be highly sensitive to scavenging in mixed-phase clouds, which is poorly characterized in most global climate models. This may be a critical uncertainty in correctly simulating the transport of aerosol particles to the Arctic. Source estimation via Monte Carlo Markov Chain is applied to a suite of sensitivity simulations and the global mean emissions are estimated. We present an analysis of the partitioning of uncertainties in the global mean emissions that are attributable to particle size, CCN activity, the ice nucleation scavenging ratios for mixed-phase and cold clouds, and measurement error. Uncertainty due to CCN activity or to a 1 um error in particle size is typically between 10% and 40% of the uncertainty due to data uncertainty, as measured by the 5%-ile to 95%-ile range of the Monte Carlo ensemble. Uncertainty attributable to the ice nucleation scavenging ratio in mized-phase clouds is as high as 10% to 20% of the data uncertainty. Taken together, the four model 20 parameters examined contribute about half as much to the uncertainty in the estimated emissions as do the measurements. This was a surprisingly large contribution from model uncertainty in light of the substantial data uncertainty, which ranges from 81% to 870% for each of ten ecosystems for this case study. The effects of these and other model parameters in contributing to the uncertainties in the transport of atmospheric aerosol particles should be treated explicitly and systematically in both forward and inverse modelling studies.

Burrows, Susannah M.; Rayner, Perter; Butler, T.; Lawrence, M.

2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

393

Dosimetric aspects of inverse-planned modulated-arc total-body irradiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To develop optimal beam parameters and to verify the dosimetric aspects of the recently developed modulated-arc total-body irradiation (MATBI) technique, which delivers an inverse-planned dose to the entire body using gantry rotation. Methods: The patient is positioned prone and supine underneath the gantry at about 2 m source-to-surface distance (SSD). Then, up to 28 beams irradiate the patient from different gantry angles. Based on full-body computed-tomography (CT) images of the patient, the weight of each beam is optimized, using inverse planning, to create a uniform body dose. This study investigates how to best simulate patients and the ideal beam setup parameters, such as field size, number of beams, and beam geometry, for treatment time and dose homogeneity. In addition, three anthropomorphic water phantoms were constructed and utilized to verify the accuracy of dose delivery, with both diode array and ion chamber measurements. Furthermore, to improve the accuracy of the new technique, a beam model is created specifically for the extended-SSD positioning for MATBI. Results: Low dose CT scans can be utilized for dose calculations without affecting the accuracy. The largest field size of 40 Multiplication-Sign 40 cm{sup 2} was found to deliver the most uniform dose in the least amount of time. Moreover, a higher number of beams improves dose homogeneity. The average dose discrepancy between ion chamber measurements and extended-SSD beam model calculations was 1.2%, with the largest discrepancy being 3.2%. This average dose discrepancy was 1.4% with the standard beam model for delivery at isocenter. Conclusions: The optimum beam setup parameters, regarding dose uniformity and treatment duration, are laid out for modulated-arc TBI. In addition, the presented dose measurements show that these treatments can be delivered accurately. These measurements also indicated that a new beam model did not significantly improve the accuracy of dose calculations. The optimum beam setup parameters along with the measurements performed to ensure accurate dose delivery serve as a useful guide for the clinical implementation of MATBI.

Held, Mareike; Kirby, Neil; Morin, Olivier; Pouliot, Jean [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California San Francisco, California 94143-1708 (United States)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

394

Joint stochastic inversion of 3D pre-stack seismic data and well logs for high-resolution reservoir characterization and petrophysical modeling: application to deepwater hydrocarbon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Joint stochastic inversion of 3D pre-stack seismic data and well logs for high-resolution reservoir describes a novel algorithm for the joint stochastic inversion of well logs and multiple angle stacks, and M50, with M-40 being the reservoir with the highest hydrocarbon production. M-10 M-40 M-50 #12;Joint

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

395

Fabrication of inverse micro/nano pyramid structures using soft UV-NIL and wet chemical methods for residual layer removal and Si-etching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study we present a novel and simple fabrication method for micro- and nano-scale inverse pyramidal structures by a combination of soft UV-NIL and wet chemical etchings. The unique feature of our method is the absence of a RIE process, which is ... Keywords: Micro/nano inverse pyramids, Nanoimprint, Residual layer etching with wet chemical

J. W. Kim, U. Plachetka, C. Moormann, H. Kurz

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Attached sunspace design analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An introduction to new design analysis information for attached sunspaces is presented. The 28 sunspace reference designs are described. Note is taken of those designs (the semi-enclosed geometries) analyzed more recently than the previously published reports. The role of sensitivity studies is discussed, and some sample plots of sunspace performance sensitivity to key design parameters are presented. The monthly solar load ratio (SLR) correlations are reviewed with emphasis on the modified SLR used in the sunspace analysis. The application of the sunspace SLR correlations to monthly design analysis is outlined.

Jones, R.W.; McFarland, R.D.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Final Beamline Design Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Final Beamline Design Report Final Beamline Design Report Guidelines and Review Criteria (SCD 1.20.95) 6.0 Final Beamline Design Report (FDR) Overview The Final Beamline Design Report is part of the Advanced Photon Source (APS) beamline review process and should be planned for when approximately 90% of the total beamline design has been completed. Fifteen copies of the FDR are to be submitted to the APS Users Office. Approval of the Collaborative Access Team's (CAT) designs described in the report is required prior to installation of beamline components in the APS Experiment Hall. Components that have a long lead time for design or procurement can be reviewed separately from the remainder of the beamline, but enough information must be provided so that the reviewer can understand the

398

Visualization Design Environment  

SciTech Connect

Improvements in the performance and capabilities of computer software and hardware system, combined with advances in Internet technologies, have spurred innovative developments in the area of modeling, simulation and visualization. These developments combine to make it possible to create an environment where engineers can design, prototype, analyze, and visualize components in virtual space, saving the time and expenses incurred during numerous design and prototyping iterations. The Visualization Design Centers located at Sandia National Laboratories are facilities built specifically to promote the ''design by team'' concept. This report focuses on designing, developing and deploying this environment by detailing the design of the facility, software infrastructure and hardware systems that comprise this new visualization design environment and describes case studies that document successful application of this environment.

Pomplun, A.R.; Templet, G.J.; Jortner, J.N.; Friesen, J.A.; Schwegel, J.; Hughes, K.R.

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

The Building Design Advisor  

SciTech Connect

The Building Design Advisor (BDA) is a software environment that supports the integrated use of multiple analysis and visualization tools throughout the building design process, from the initial, schematic design phases to the detailed specification of building components and systems. Based on a comprehensive design theory, the BDA uses an object-oriented representation of the building and its context, and acts as a data manager and process controller to allow building designers to quickly navigate through the multitude of descriptive and performance parameters addressed by the analysis and visualization tools linked to the BDA. Through the Browser the user can edit the values of input parameters and select any number of input and/or output parameters for display in the Decision Desktop. The Desktop allows building designers to compare multiple design alternatives with respect to any number of parameters addressed by the tools linked to the BDA.

Papamichael, K.; LaPorta, J.; Chauvet, H.; Collins, D.; Trzcinski, T.; Thorpe, J.; Selkowitz, S.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Test of J-matrix inverse scattering potentials on electromagnetic reactions of few-nucleon systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The J-matrix inverse scattering nucleon-nucleon potentials (JISP), describing both two-nucleon data and bound and resonant states of light nuclei to high accuracy, are tested on the total photoabsorption cross sections of Deuteron, Triton, 3He and 4He. The calculations in the three- and four-body systems are carried out via the Lorentz integral transform method and the hyperspherical harmonics (HH) technique. To this end the HH formalism has been adapted to accommodate non-local potentials. The cross sections calculated with the JISP are compared to those obtained with more traditional realistic interactions, which include two- and three-nucleon forces. While the results of the two kinds of potential models do not differ significantly at lower energies, beyond the resonance peak they show fairly large discrepancies, which increase with the nuclear mass. We argue that these discrepancies may be due to a probably incorrect long range behavior of the JISP, since the one pion exchange is not manifestly implemented there.

Nir Barnea; Winfried Leidemann; Giuseppina Orlandini

2006-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inverse design cid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Accelerating Atomic Orbital-based Electronic Structure Calculation via Pole Expansion plus Selected Inversion  

SciTech Connect

We describe how to apply the recently developed pole expansion plus selected inversion (PEpSI) technique to Kohn-Sham density function theory (DFT) electronic structure calculations that are based on atomic orbital discretization. We give analytic expressions for evaluating charge density, total energy, Helmholtz free energy and atomic forces without using the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the Kohn-Sham Hamiltonian. We also show how to update the chemical potential without using Kohn-Sham eigenvalues. The advantage of using PEpSI is that it has a much lower computational complexity than that associated with the matrix diagonalization procedure. We demonstrate the performance gain by comparing the timing of PEpSI with that of diagonalization on insulating and metallic nanotubes. For these quasi-1D systems, the complexity of PEpSI is linear with respect to the number of atoms. This linear scaling can be observed in our computational experiments when the number of atoms in a nanotube is larger than a few hundreds. Both the wall clock time and the memory requirement of PEpSI is modest. This makes it even possible to perform Kohn-Sham DFT calculations for 10,000-atom nanotubes on a single processor. We also show that the use of PEpSI does not lead to loss of accuracy required in a practical DFT calculation.

Lin, Lin; Chen, Mohan; Yang, Chao; He, Lixin

2012-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

402

Light and Superlight Sterile Neutrinos in the Minimal Radiative Inverse Seesaw Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore the possibility of light and superlight sterile neutrinos in the recently proposed Minimal Radiative Inverse Seesaw extension of the Standard Model for neutrino masses, in which all existing neutrino data can be explained. In particular, we discuss two benchmark scenarios with one of the three sterile neutrino states in the keV-range, having very small mixing with the active neutrinos to account for the Dark Matter in the Universe, while (i) the other two light sterile neutrino states could be in the eV-range, possessing a nonzero mixing with the active states as required to explain the LSND+MiniBooNE+reactor neutrino data, or (ii) one of the light sterile states is in the eV-range, whereas the second one could be superlight and almost mass-degenerate with the solar neutrinos. Such superlight sterile neutrinos could give rise to potentially observable effects in future neutrino oscillation experiments and may also offer a possible explanation for the extra radiation observed in the Universe.

P. S. Bhupal Dev; Apostolos Pilaftsis

2012-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

403

Influence of sky radiance measurement errors on inversion-retrieved aerosol properties  

SciTech Connect

Remote sensing of the atmospheric aerosol is a well-established technique that is currently used for routine monitoring of this atmospheric component, both from ground-based and satellite. The AERONET program, initiated in the 90's, is the most extended network and the data provided are currently used by a wide community of users for aerosol characterization, satellite and model validation and synergetic use with other instrumentation (lidar, in-situ, etc.). Aerosol properties are derived within the network from measurements made by ground-based Sun-sky scanning radiometers. Sky radiances are acquired in two geometries: almucantar and principal plane. Discrepancies in the products obtained following both geometries have been observed and the main aim of this work is to determine if they could be justified by measurement errors. Three systematic errors have been analyzed in order to quantify the effects on the inversion-derived aerosol properties: calibration, pointing accuracy and finite field of view. Simulations have shown that typical uncertainty in the analyzed quantities (5% in calibration, 0.2 Degree-Sign in pointing and 1.2 Degree-Sign field of view) yields to errors in the retrieved parameters that vary depending on the aerosol type and geometry. While calibration and pointing errors have relevant impact on the products, the finite field of view does not produce notable differences.

Torres, B.; Toledano, C.; Cachorro, V. E.; Bennouna, Y. S.; Fuertes, D.; Gonzalez, R.; Frutos, A. M. de [Atmospheric Optics Group (GOA), University of Valladolid, Valladolid (Spain); Berjon, A. J. [Izana Atmospheric Research Center, Meteorological State Agency of Spain (AEMET), Sta. Cruz de Tenerife (Spain); Dubovik, O.; Goloub, P.; Podvin, T.; Blarel, L. [Laboratory of Atmospheric Optics, Universite Lille 1, Villeneuve d'Ascq (France)

2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

404

Massively parallel solution of the inverse scattering problem for integrated circuit quality control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors developed and implemented a highly parallel computational algorithm for solution of the inverse scattering problem generated when an integrated circuit is illuminated by laser. The method was used as part of a system to measure diffraction grating line widths on specially fabricated test wafers and the results of the computational analysis were compared with more traditional line-width measurement techniques. The authors found they were able to measure the line width of singly periodic and doubly periodic diffraction gratings (i.e. 2D and 3D gratings respectively) with accuracy comparable to the best available experimental techniques. They demonstrated that their parallel code is highly scalable, achieving a scaled parallel efficiency of 90% or more on typical problems running on 1024 processors. They also made substantial improvements to the algorithmics and their original implementation of Rigorous Coupled Waveform Analysis, the underlying computational technique. These resulted in computational speed-ups of two orders of magnitude in some test problems. By combining these algorithmic improvements with parallelism the authors achieve speedups of between a few thousand and hundreds of thousands over the original engineering code. This made the laser diffraction measurement technique practical.

Leland, R.W.; Draper, B.L. [Sandia National Labs., NM (United States); Naqvi, S.; Minhas, B. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States). Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences Dept.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Inverse modeling and forecasting for the exploitation of the Pauzhetsky geothermal field, Kamchatka, Russia  

SciTech Connect

A three-dimensional numerical model of the Pauzhetsky geothermal field has been developed based on a conceptual hydrogeological model of the system. It extends over a 13.6-km2 area and includes three layers: (1) a base layer with inflow; (2) a geothermal reservoir; and (3) an upper layer with discharge and recharge/infiltration areas. Using the computer program iTOUGH2 (Finsterle, 2004), the model is calibrated to a total of 13,675 calibration points, combining natural-state and 1960-2006 exploitation data. The principal model parameters identified and estimated by inverse modeling include the fracture permeability and fracture porosity of the geothermal reservoir, the initial natural upflow rate, the base-layer porosity, and the permeabilities of the infiltration zones. Heat and mass balances derived from the calibrated model helped identify the sources of the geothermal reserves in the field. With the addition of five makeup wells, simulation forecasts for the 2007-2032 period predict a sustainable average steam production of 29 kg/s, which is sufficient to maintain the generation of 6.8 MWe at the Pauzhetsky power plant.

Finsterle, Stefan; Kiryukhin, A.V.; Asaulova, N.P.; Finsterle, S.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

A UNIFIED APPROACH TO THE HELIOSEISMIC INVERSION PROBLEM OF THE SOLAR MERIDIONAL FLOW FROM GLOBAL OSCILLATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements from tracers and local helioseismology indicate the existence of a meridional flow in the Sun with strength in the order of 15 m s{sup -1} near the solar surface. Different attempts were made to obtain information on the flow profile at depths up to 20 Mm below the solar surface. We propose a method using global helioseismic Doppler measurements with the prospect of inferring the meridional flow profile at greater depths. Our approach is based on the perturbation of the p-mode eigenfunctions of a solar model due to the presence of a flow. The distortion of the oscillation eigenfunctions is manifested in the mixing of p-modes, which may be measured from global solar oscillation time series. As a new helioseismic measurement quantity, we propose amplitude ratios between oscillations in the Fourier domain. We relate this quantity to the meridional flow and unify the concepts presented here for an inversion procedure to infer the meridional flow from global solar oscillations.

Schad, A.; Timmer, J. [Freiburg Center for Data Analysis and Modeling (FDM), 79104 Freiburg (Germany); Roth, M. [Kiepenheuer-Institut fuer Sonnenphysik (KIS), 79104 Freiburg (Germany)

2011-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

407

Dimensionality reduction and polynomial chaos acceleration of Bayesian inference in inverse problems  

SciTech Connect

We consider a Bayesian approach to nonlinear inverse problems in which the unknown quantity is a spatial or temporal field, endowed with a hierarchical Gaussian process prior. Computational challenges in this construction arise from the need for repeated evaluations of the forward model (e.g., in the context of Markov chain Monte Carlo) and are compounded by high dimensionality of the posterior. We address these challenges by introducing truncated Karhunen-Loeve expansions, based on the prior distribution, to efficiently parameterize the unknown field and to specify a stochastic forward problem whose solution captures that of the deterministic forward model over the support of the prior. We seek a solution of this problem using Galerkin projection on a polynomial chaos basis, and use the solution to construct a reduced-dimensionality surrogate posterior density that is inexpensive to evaluate. We demonstrate the formulation on a transient diffusion equation with prescribed source terms, inferring the spatially-varying diffusivity of the medium from limited and noisy data.

Marzouk, Youssef M. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)], E-mail: ymarz@mit.edu; Najm, Habib N. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA 94551 (United States)], E-mail: hnnajm@sandia.gov

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

(ANTI)PETER Principle - Discrete (INVERSE) Logistic Equation with Imprecisely Estimated and Stimulated Carrying Capacity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we consider the Peter principle and anti-Peter principle as the discrete logistic and discrete inverse logistic equation. Especially we discuss imprecisely estimated (by hierarchical control mechanism) carrying capacity, i.e. boundary (in)competence level of a hierarchy member. It implies that Peter principle holds two sub-principles. In the first one objective boundary competence level is increased for estimation error. In the second one objective boundary competence level is decreased for estimation error. Similarly, anti-Peter principle holds two sub-principles too. All this implies that paradoxical situations that follow from Peter and anti-Peter principle can be simply removed by decrease of the error of hierarchical (social) control. Also we discuss cases by Peter principle when error of the boundary competence level by estimation grows up. (Then, in fact, there is no estimation error but stimulation of the boundary level by control mechanism.) By first Peter sub-principle it implies anarchy in the social structure or, correspondingly, cancer in the biology and medicine, schizophrenia in the psychology and inflation in the economy. By second Peter sub-principle it implies a totalitary social structure (dictature or caste regime) or multiplex sclerosis and other autoimmune diseases in biology and medicine, servile mentality or low value complex in psychology and depression by hyperactive political influences in economy. Finally, monotonus changes of the stimulated part of boundary level cause corresponding phase transitions discussed on the example of the introspection in the psychology.

V. Pankovic; M. Krmar; R. Glavatovic

2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

409

Polarity inversion of N-face GaN using an aluminum oxide interlayer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The polarity of GaN grown by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy was inverted from N-face to Ga-face by inserting a composite AlN/aluminum oxide (AlO{sub x}) interlayer structure at the inversion interface. The change in polarity was verified in situ by reflection high energy electron diffraction via intensity transients and postgrowth surface reconstructions, and ex situ by convergent beam electron diffraction and etch studies in an aqueous potassium hydroxide solution. The inverted materials showed smooth surfaces and good electrical properties. AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors fabricated on the inverted epilayers showed good dc and high frequency performance. A current-gain cutoff frequency (f{sub T}) of 21 GHz and maximum oscillation frequency (f{sub max}) of 61 GHz were measured in devices with a gate length of 0.7 {mu}m. These data compare favorably to those of Ga-face AlGaN/GaN devices with a similar structure grown on Si-face SiC substrates.

Wong, Man Hoi; Mishra, Umesh K. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-9560 (United States); Wu, Feng; Speck, James S. [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-5050 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

410

Space Inversion of Spinors Revisited: A Possible Explanation of Chiral Behavior in Weak Interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate a model in which spinors are considered as being embedded within the Clifford algebra that operates on them. In Minkowski space $M_{1,3}$, we have four independent 4-component spinors, each living in a different minimal left ideal of $Cl(1,3)$. We show that under space inversion, a spinor of one left ideal transforms into a spinor of another left ideal. This brings novel insight to the role of chirality in weak interactions. We demonstrate the latter role by considering an action for a generalized spinor field $\\psi^{\\alpha i}$ that has not only a spinor index $\\alpha$ but also an extra index $i$ running over four ideals. The covariant derivative of $\\psi^{\\alpha i}$ contains the generalized spin connection, the extra components of which are interpreted as the SU(2) gauge fields of weak interactions and their generalization. We thus arrive at a system that is left-right symmetric due to the presence of a "parallel sector", postulated a long time ago, that contains mirror particles coupled to mirror SU(2) gauge fields.

Matej Pavsic

2010-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

411

Building Design | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Design Design Building Design October 16, 2013 - 4:41pm Addthis Planning, Programming & Budgeting Building Design Project Construction Integrating renewable energy within Federal new construction or major renovations is critical at each phase of the design process. This overview covers considerations for renewable energy in the design phases of a construction project, including choosing the design team, the design team charrette, preliminary design, schematic design, design development, and construction documents. Information on this page introduces each of the design phases and provides a link to deeper-level information. Key Actions in Building Design Require specific renewable energy experience and skills for design team. Prioritize energy-related program

412

Central ballast tanker design  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to present the CENTRAL BALLAST TANKER Design. This design is intended to reduce the volume of oil spilled from tankers by giving the crew a tanker properly designed and equipped to allow large quantities of oil from ruptured tank(s) to flow safely to a fully-inerted central ballast tank. In addition to reducing the volume of oil spilled, the design also addresses many of the shortcomings of the DOUBLE HULL DESIGN which are increasingly becoming a concern. The following is a brief review of the development of the CENTRAL BALLAST TANKER. The simple operational features, stability, low cost and ease of maintenance of the single hull tanker were important and can be retained with the CENTRAL BALLAST DESIGN.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Pre-physical data base design heuristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: data base, data base design, data base management, data model, denormalization, design improvement, design refinement, physical design, system design

Narciso Cerpa

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Dwell on Design [Dispatches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

use, and urban design. Toyota USA, Inc. , provided majorE)MergingThoughts The support from Toyota was par- ticularlyyears. For companies like Toyota, this transformation to a

Sullivan, Lisa

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

PREFACE THE DESIGN MANUAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

developed and adopted a series of documents that describe the codes, standards, details, products, and practices to be followed by Architect/Engineers (A/Es). These documents apply to all design of construction at all facilities on property owned by the Authority. Facilities constructed or modified on the site occupied by the National Air and Space Museum located at Washington Dulles International Airport are exempt from the requirements of the Authority Design Manual. The Design Manual has been developed to assist Architects/Engineers (A/Es) in understanding the practices and policies that must be incorporated into each project. The Design Manual contains a number of specific requirements that must be followed on all projects, as described above. These can be either Authority contracted projects, Authority direct-constructed projects, and tenant contracted projects. APPLICABILITY OF THE DESIGN MANUAL The requirements for design and construction incorporated into the Design Manual and Supporting Volumes are regulations approved by the Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority Board of Directors and shall be considered contract requirements for all A/Es who are performing services under contract to the Authority. Although A/Es who are under contract to tenants of the Authority may not be working under contract provisions that make compliance with these requirements mandatory, the Authority reserves the right, as Owner of all airport facilities, and land on which tenant buildings are constructed, to reject any design or work that does not comply with the requirements of the Design Manual and its

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Interior Design Sample Occupations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Companies Historic Preservation Agencies Hospitals Interior Design Firms/Studios Hotel Chains Cost Estimator Architect Manufacturer's Representative Schools Television and Motion Picture Studios Theatres Utilities

Ronquist, Fredrik

417

The LCLS Design Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

R-593 April 2002 UC-414 Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) Conceptual Design Report Published April 2002 Prepared for the Department of Energy under contract number...

418

Combined Borehole Seismic and Electromagnetic Inversion For High-Resolution Petrophysical Assessment Of Hydocarbon Reservoirs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the work performed between January 2005 and December 2007, under DOE research contract DE-FC26-04NT15507. The project is was performed by the Center for Petroleum and Geosystems Engineering of The University of Texas at Austin and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory under the auspices of the National Energy Technology Office (NETL) and the Strategic Center for Natural Gas and Oil (SCNGO). During the three-year project, we developed new methods to combine borehole sonic and electromagnetic (EM) measurements for the improved assessment of elastic and petrophysical properties of rock formations penetrated by a well. Sonic measurements consisted of full waveform acoustic amplitudes acquired with monopole and dipole sources, whereas EM measurements consisted of frequency-domain voltages acquired with multi-coil induction systems. The combination of sonic and EM measurements permitted the joint estimation of elastic and petrophysical properties in the presence of mud-filtrate invasion. It was conclusively shown that the combined interpretation of sonic and EM measurements reduced non-uniqueness in the estimation of elastic and petrophysical properties and improved the spatial resolution of the estimations compared to estimations yielded separately from the two types of measurements. Moreover, this approach enabled the assessment of dynamic petrophysical properties such as permeability, as it incorporated the physics of mud-filtrate invasion in the interpretation of the measurements. The first part of the project considered the development of fast and reliable numerical algorithms to simulate borehole sonic waveforms in 2D, 3D, and radial 1D media. Such algorithms were subsequently used in the quantitative estimation of elastic properties jointly from borehole sonic and EM measurements. In the second part of the project we developed a new algorithm to estimate water saturation, porosity, and dry-rock elastic moduli jointly from borehole sonic and EM measurements. This algorithm assumed radial 1D variations of fluid saturation due to mud-filtrate invasion. Subsequently, we adapted the estimation method to interpret borehole field measurements acquired in both a shaly-sand sedimentary sequence and a tight-gas sandstone formation. In the two cases, we simulated the process of mud-filtrate invasion and concomitantly honored sonic and EM measurements. We produced reliable estimates of permeability and dry-rock moduli that were successfully validated with rock-core measurements. Finally, we introduced a new stochastic inversion procedure to estimate elastic, electrical, and petrophysical properties of layered media jointly from waveform sonic and frequency-domain EM measurements. The procedure was based on Bayesian statistical inversion and delivered estimates of uncertainty under various forms of a-priori information about the unknown properties. Tests on realistic synthetic models confirmed the reliability of this procedure to estimate elastic and petrophysical properties jointly from sonic and EM measurements. Several extended abstracts and conference presentations stemmed from this project, including 2 SEG extended abstracts, 1 SPE extended abstract, and 2 SPWLA extended abstracts. Some of these extended abstracts have been submitted for publication in peer-reviewed journals.

Carlos Torres-Verdin; G. Michael Hoversten; Ki Ha Lee; Gregory Newman; Kurt Nihei

2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

419

Energy exchange between a laser beam and charged particles using inverse transition radiation and method for its use  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for exchanging energy between relativistic charged particles and laser radiation using inverse diffraction radiation or inverse transition radiation. The beam of laser light is directed onto a particle beam by means of two optical elements which have apertures or foils through which the particle beam passes. The two apertures or foils are spaced by a predetermined distance of separation and the angle of interaction between the laser beam and the particle beam is set at a specific angle. The separation and angle are a function of the wavelength of the laser light and the relativistic energy of the particle beam. In a diffraction embodiment, the interaction between the laser and particle beams is determined by the diffraction effect due to the apertures in the optical elements. In a transition embodiment, the interaction between the laser and particle beams is determined by the transition effect due to pieces of foil placed in the particle beam path.

Kimura, Wayne D. (Bellevue, WA); Romea, Richard D. (Seattle, WA); Steinhauer, Loren C. (Bothell, WA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Kinetics of an Inverse Temperature Transition Process and Its Application on Supported Lipid Bilayer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation focuses on the study of inverse temperature transition processes of the poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) and the elastin-like polypeptides (ELPs). A novel temperature jump microfluidic system is introduced and this system shows the ability to measure the kinetics of the PNIPAM and the ELPs collapse without a heat transfer problem. The conformational change of the ELPs during the phase transition process is utilized as a nanoscale protein filter to modulate ligandreceptor binding events on supported lipid bilayers (SLBs). This research study is divided into three main parts. The first part is the development of the temperature jump microfluidics. The kinetics of PNIPAM collapse is used as a model system to show the capability of this new device to measure millisecond time scale phase transition processes. The effects of salts on the kinetics of PNIPAM collapse are also shown in this part. To our knowledge, this is the first study which shows the effects of salts on PNIPAM collapse kinetics. The second part of this research is the application of the novel temperature jump microfluidics. The hydrophobic collapse of ELPs composed of identical sequence but different chain length is investigated. By controlling the molecular weight of the ELPs, the thermodynamic contributions from intermolecular hydrophobic interactions, and intramolecular hydrophobic interactions could be calculated individually for this unique system. The third part is the application of the phase transition property of ELPs. The ELPs are conjugated on the surface of the SLBs as a nanoscale protein filter. The conformation of the ELPs can be modulated by ionic strength of the buffer solution or ambient temperature. The ELPs conjugated SLBs platform showed the ability to block IgG binding to biotin conjugated on the SLBs when the ELPs were in the extended coil state and open the access for protein to bind to biotin in compact globule conformation.

Chang, Chin-Yuan

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

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421

Carbon flow and ecosystem dynamics in the Mississippi River plume described by inverse analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Planktonic ecosystem dynamics in the buoyant Mississippi River plume were investigated using inverse analysis, a technique that incorporates data describing ecosystem processes and calculates rates of unknown trophic flows and sedimentation in the plume ecosystem. The waters receiving the Mississippi River were divided into four subregions connected by water flow to discretize the gradient of ecosystem properties as river water mixed with ocean water. Each subregion was represented by eight interconnected compartments that were linked to adjacent subregions by advective carbon flow. Models were produced for 4 seasons. Solutions for three seasons (spring, summer, and fall) showed a small region of net autotrophy associated with mid-salinity waters (15-29 psu), surrounded by a larger region of net heterotrophic waters where production did not meet respiratory carbon demand. In addition to moving more than 20% of total plume primary productivity out of the study region, westward water flow moved excess organic carbon from autotrophic regions to heterotrophic regions. In contrast, the winter result indicated a plume that was net-heterotrophic in all 4 subregions with high aerobic bacterial respiration and relatively low primary production that did not meet respiratory demand. Inputs of riverine DOC and carbon from resuspended sediments were required to make up the deficit. Sedimentation of organic carbon was linked to primary production in the mid-salinity regions of the plume, with strongest sedimentation from the productive mid-salinity regions during most of the year. Sedimentation was enhanced beneath less productive, higher salinity areas, due to inputs of organic carbon advected from mid-salinity regions. During winter organic carbon sedimentation was calculated to be zero. The models indicated that a dynamic relationship between primary production and sedimentation exists and provide a good starting point for future development of models which directly address the relationships between nutrient inputs, primary production, sedimentation, and hypoxia in the economically and environmental important regions of the Louisiana Shelf.

Breed, Greg Allen

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

High quality copy number and genotype data from FFPE samples using Molecular Inversion Probe (MIP) microarrays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A major challenge facing DNA copy number (CN) studies of tumors is that most banked samples with extensive clinical follow-up information are Formalin-Fixed Paraffin Embedded (FFPE). DNA from FFPE samples generally underperforms or suffers high failure rates compared to fresh frozen samples because of DNA degradation and cross-linking during FFPE fixation and processing. As FFPE protocols may vary widely between labs and samples may be stored for decades at room temperature, an ideal FFPE CN technology should work on diverse sample sets. Molecular Inversion Probe (MIP) technology has been applied successfully to obtain high quality CN and genotype data from cell line and frozen tumor DNA. Since the MIP probes require only a small ({approx}40 bp) target binding site, we reasoned they may be well suited to assess degraded FFPE DNA. We assessed CN with a MIP panel of 50,000 markers in 93 FFPE tumor samples from 7 diverse collections. For 38 FFPE samples from three collections we were also able to asses CN in matched fresh frozen tumor tissue. Using an input of 37 ng genomic DNA, we generated high quality CN data with MIP technology in 88% of FFPE samples from seven diverse collections. When matched fresh frozen tissue was available, the performance of FFPE DNA was comparable to that of DNA obtained from matched frozen tumor (genotype concordance averaged 99.9%), with only a modest loss in performance in FFPE. MIP technology can be used to generate high quality CN and genotype data in FFPE as well as fresh frozen samples.

Wang, Yuker; Carlton, Victoria E.H.; Karlin-Neumann, George; Sapolsky, Ronald; Zhang, Li; Moorhead, Martin; Wang, Zhigang C.; Richardson, Andrea L.; Warren, Robert; Walther, Axel; Bondy, Melissa; Sahin, Aysegul; Krahe, Ralf; Tuna, Musaffe; Thompson, Patricia A.; Spellman, Paul T.; Gray, Joe W.; Mills, Gordon B.; Faham, Malek

2009-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

423

Industrial experience with design patterns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A design pattern is a particular prose form of recording design information such that designs which have worked well in the past can be applied again in similar situations in the future. The availability of a collection of design patterns can help both ... Keywords: best practices, design information recording, design patterns, design reuse, industrial experience, information sharing, software architecture documentation, software reusability, system documentation

Kent Beck; Ron Crocker; Gerard Meszaros; John Vlissides; James O. Coplien; Lutz Dominick; Frances Paulisch

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

A practical generative design method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A generative CAD based design exploration method is proposed. It is suitable for complex multi-criteria design problems where important performance criteria are uncomputable. The method is based on building a genotype of the design within a history based ... Keywords: Computer aided conceptual design, Evolutionary design, Generative design, Parametric design

Sivam Krish

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Patient-Specific Monte Carlo-Based Dose-Kernel Approach for Inverse Planning in Afterloading Brachytherapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Brachytherapy planning software relies on the Task Group report 43 dosimetry formalism. This formalism, based on a water approximation, neglects various heterogeneous materials present during treatment. Various studies have suggested that these heterogeneities should be taken into account to improve the treatment quality. The present study sought to demonstrate the feasibility of incorporating Monte Carlo (MC) dosimetry within an inverse planning algorithm to improve the dose conformity and increase the treatment quality. Methods and Materials: The method was based on precalculated dose kernels in full patient geometries, representing the dose distribution of a brachytherapy source at a single dwell position using MC simulations and the Geant4 toolkit. These dose kernels are used by the inverse planning by simulated annealing tool to produce a fast MC-based plan. A test was performed for an interstitial brachytherapy breast treatment using two different high-dose-rate brachytherapy sources: the microSelectron iridium-192 source and the electronic brachytherapy source Axxent operating at 50 kVp. Results: A research version of the inverse planning by simulated annealing algorithm was combined with MC to provide a method to fully account for the heterogeneities in dose optimization, using the MC method. The effect of the water approximation was found to depend on photon energy, with greater dose attenuation for the lower energies of the Axxent source compared with iridium-192. For the latter, an underdosage of 5.1% for the dose received by 90% of the clinical target volume was found. Conclusion: A new method to optimize afterloading brachytherapy plans that uses MC dosimetric information was developed. Including computed tomography-based information in MC dosimetry in the inverse planning process was shown to take into account the full range of scatter and heterogeneity conditions. This led to significant dose differences compared with the Task Group report 43 approach for the Axxent source.

D'Amours, Michel [Departement de Radio-Oncologie et Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie de l'Universite Laval, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, QC (Canada); Department of Physics, Physics Engineering, and Optics, Universite Laval, Quebec, QC (Canada); Pouliot, Jean [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA (United States); Dagnault, Anne [Departement de Radio-Oncologie et Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie de l'Universite Laval, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, QC (Canada); Verhaegen, Frank [Department of Radiation Oncology, Maastro Clinic, GROW Research Institute, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht (Netherlands); Department of Oncology, McGill University, Montreal, QC (Canada); Beaulieu, Luc, E-mail: beaulieu@phy.ulaval.ca [Departement de Radio-Oncologie et Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie de l'Universite Laval, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec, QC (Canada); Department of Physics, Physics Engineering, and Optics, Universite Laval, Quebec, QC (Canada)

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

STEAM GENERATOR PRELIMINARY DESIGN  

SciTech Connect

A conceptual study on design of sodium-cooled reactor steam generators was conducted. Included is a detailed description of the preliminary design and analysis, based on the use of known materials and existing methods of fabrication. (See also APAE-41 Vols. I and III.) (J.R.D.)

1959-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

427

Blocking response surface designs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design of experiments involving more than one blocking factor and quantitative explanatory variables is discussed, the focus being on two key aspects of blocked response surface designs: optimality and orthogonality. First, conditions for orthogonally ... Keywords: D-optimality, Exchange algorithm, Fixed blocks, Orthogonality, Random blocks

P. Goos; A. N. Donev

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Energy and lighting design  

SciTech Connect

A detailed examination of the current energy conservation practices for lighting systems is presented. This first part of a two-part presentation covers the following: energy and lighting design; lighting and energy standards; lighting efficiency factors; light control and photometrics; lighting and the architectural interior; luminaire impact on the environment; basic design techniques; the lighting power budget; and conservation through control.

Helms, R.N.

1979-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Reading context in design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study explores how, in the process of design, the reading of an existing order in the organizing features of a setting potentiates form. For this purpose, a design exercise on a site in the city of Jaipur in India has ...

Agrawal, Vivek

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Designing creative artificial systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Can artificial systems be creative? Can they be designed to be creative on their own? What are the requirements of such creative artificial systems? To be able to support humans who are expected to deliver creative solutions, or to automate part of their ... Keywords: Agent, Creativity, Design, Interactivity, Learning, Self-Organization

Pieter H. G. Van Langen; Niek J. E. Wijngaards; Frances M. T. Brazier

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Graphite design handbook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objectives of the Graphite Design Handbook (GDH) are to provide and maintain a single source of graphite properties and phenomenological model of mechanical behavior to be used for design of MHTGR graphite components of the Reactor System, namely, core support, permanent side reflector, hexagonal reflector elements, and prismatic fuel elements; to provide a single source of data and material models for use in MHTGR graphite component design, performance, and safety analyses; to present properties and equations representing material models in a form which can be directly used by the designer or analyst without the need for interpretation and is compatible with analytical methods and structural criteria used in the MHTGR project, and to control the properties and material models used in the MHTGR design and analysis to proper Quality Assurance standards and project requirements. The reference graphite in the reactor internal components is the nuclear grade 2020. There are two subgrades of interest, the cylinder nuclear grade and the large rectangular nuclear grade. The large rectangular nuclear grade is molded in large rectangular blocks. It is the reference material for the permanent side reflector and the central column support structure. The cylindrical nuclear grade is isostatically pressed and is intended for use as the core support component. This report gives the design properties for both H-451 and 2020 graphite as they apply to their respective criteria. The properties are presented in a form for design, performance, and safety calculations that define or validate the component design. 103 refs., 20 figs., 19 tabs.

Ho, F.H.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Architectural design for reliability  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Design-for-reliability concepts can be applied to the products of the construction industry, which includes buildings, bridges, transportation systems, dams, and other structures. The application of a systems approach to designing in reliability emphasizes the importance of incorporating uncertainty in the analyses, the benefits of optimization analyses, and the importance of integrating reliability, safety, and security. 4 refs., 3 figs.

Cranwell, R.M.; Hunter, R.L.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Cyclopentacorannulene: {pi}-facial stereoselective deuterogenation and determination of the bowl-to-bowl inversion barrier for a constrained buckybowl  

SciTech Connect

Attachment of an ethane or ethylene unit to the rim of corannulene produced relatively rigid bowls of dihydrocyclopenta- and cyclopentacorannulene, respectively. In contrast to the parent corannulenes, their inversion barriers are too high to be determined by the NMR coalescence methods. Due to the significant curvature of cyclopentacorannulene, deuterogenation is {pi}-facial specific; both heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysis lead exclusively to exo-dideuteriocyclopentacorannulene 2a. Equilibration of the endo- and exo-isotopomers allowed the determination of {Delta}G{sup {dagger}} at 27.61-27.67 kcal/mol over the temperature range 52.1-99.3{degree}C and the estimation of {Delta}H{sup {dagger}} (27.3{+-}0.7 kcal/mol) and {Delta}S{sup {dagger}} (-1.1{+-}0.2 eu) for the bowl-to-bowl inversion. The inversion barrier calculated at the HF/6-31G{sup *}//3-21G level (25.9 kcal/mol) compares well with the experimental result. 20 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Sygula, A.; Abdourazak, A.H.; Rabideau, P.W. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)] [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

1996-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

434

Carbon sequestration monitoring with acoustic double-difference waveform inversion: A case study on SACROC walkaway VSP data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geological carbon sequestration involves large-scale injection of carbon dioxide into underground geologic formations and is considered as a potential approach for mitigating global warming. Changes in reservoir properties resulting from the CO{sub 2} injection and migration can be characterized using waveform inversions of time-lapse seismic data. The conventional approach for analysis using waveform tomography is to take the difference of the images obtained using baseline and subsequent time-lapse datasets that are inverted independently. By contrast, double-difference waveform inversion uses timelapse seismic datasets to jointly invert for reservoir changes. We apply this method to a field time-lapse walkaway VSP data set acquired in 2008 and 2009 for monitoring CO{sub 2} injection at an enhanced oil recovery field at SACROC, Texas. The double-difference waveform inversion gives a cleaner and more easily interpreted image of reservoir changes, as compared to that obtained with the conventional scheme. Our results from the applicatoin of acoustic double-difference waveform tomography shows some zones with decreased P-wave velocity within the reservoir due to CO{sub 2} injection and migration.

Huang, Lianjie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fehler, Michael [MIT; Malcolm, Alison [MIT; Yang, Di [MIT

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Energy manager design for microgrids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Manager Design for Microgrids Hillier, F. , and G.Energy Manager Design for Microgrids Appendix A: Smart*DER:Manager Design for Microgrids Prepared for the California

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Life-Changing Drug Design  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

facilities are aimed at designing more effective drugs with fewer side effects. Life-Changing Drug Design One notable example is vemurafenib, a drug designed by...

437

FATIGUE DESIGN CURVES FOR  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

FATIGUE DESIGN CURVES FATIGUE DESIGN CURVES FOR 6061-T6 ALUMINUM* G . T . Yahr Engineering Technology Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-8051 ABSTRACT A request has been made to the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Committee that 6061-T6 aluminum be approved for use in the construction of Class 1 welded nuclear vessels so it can be used for the pressure vessel of the Advanced Neutron Source research reactor. Fatigue design curves with and without mean stress effects have been proposed. A knock-down factor of two is applied to the design curve for evaluation of welds. The basis of the curves is explained. The fatigue design curves are compared to fatigue data from base metal and weldments. DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States

438

Beyond Design Basis Events  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beyond Design Basis Events Beyond Design Basis Events Following the March 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant accident in Japan, DOE embarked upon several initiatives to investigate the safety posture of its nuclear facilities relative to beyond design basis events (BDBEs). These initiatives included issuing Safety Bulletin 2011-01, Events Beyond Design Safety Basis Analysis, and conducting two DOE nuclear safety workshops. DOE also issued two reports documenting the results of these initiatives: Review of Requirements and Capabilities for Analyzing and Responding to BDBEs, August 2011, and Report to the Secretary of Energy on Beyond Design Basis Event Pilot Evaluations, Results and Recommendations for Improvements to Enhance Nuclear Safety at DOE Nuclear Facilities, January 2013.

439

Final Design RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Final Design Review Module Final Design Review Module March 2010 CD-0 [This Rev Design Re O 0 view Module w eview of the OR OFFICE OF C CD-1 was used to dev R U 233 Dispo F ENVIRO Standard R Fin Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M velop the Revie osition Project ONMENTAL Review Plan al Design view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 ew Plan for 90% in 2009. Lesso Module.] L MANAGE n (SRP) n e pplicability D-3 % Design Revi ons learned hav EMENT CD-4 iew of SWPF i ve been incorpo Post Ope in 2008 and for orated in the R eration r 60% Review Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively.

440

Beam director design report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A design and fabrication effort for a beam director is documented. The conceptual design provides for the beam to pass first through a bending and focusing system (or ''achromat''), through a second achromat, through an air-to-vacuum interface (the ''beam window''), and finally through the vernier steering system. Following an initial concept study for a beam director, a prototype permanent magnet 30/sup 0/ beam-bending achromat and prototype vernier steering magnet were designed and built. In volume II, copies are included of the funding instruments, requests for quotations, purchase orders, a complete set of as-built drawings, magnetic measurement reports, the concept design report, and the final report on the design and fabrication project. (LEW)

Younger, F.C.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inverse design cid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Cooperative Modeling and Design History Tracking Using Design Tracking Matrix  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis suggests a new framework for cooperative modeling which supports concurrency design protocol with a design history tracking function. The proposed framework allows designers to work together while eliminating design conflicts and redundancies, and preventing infeasible designs. This framework provides methods to track optimal design path and redundant design history in the overall design process. This cooperative modeling architecture consists of a modeling server and voxel-based multi-client design tool. Design change among server and multiple clients are executed using the proposed concurrency design protocol. The design steps are tracked and analyzed using Design Tracking Graph and Design Tracking Matrix (DTM), which provide a design data exchange algorithm allowing seamless integration of design modifications between participating designers. This framework can be used for effective cooperative modeling, and helps identify and eliminate conflicts and minimize delay. The proposed algorithm supports effective cooperative design functions. First, it provides a method to obtain the optimal design path which can be stored in a design library and utilized in the future design. Second, it helps capture modeling pattern which can be used for analyzing designer's performance. Finally, obtained redundancies can be used to evaluate designer?s design efficiency.

Kim, Jonghyun

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Over-Ocean Rainfall Retrieval from Multisensor Data of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission. Part I: Design and Evaluation of Inversion Databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new methodology for the combination of active and passive microwave measurements for near-surface precipitation retrieval from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) data was developed. The approach consists of a stand-alone passive ...

Peter Bauer

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Joint inversion of P-and SV-wave traveltime error to esimate anisotropy: a CFP approach Robert J. Ferguson, Jackson School of Geosciences, Department of Geological Sciences, University of Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Joint inversion of P- and SV-wave traveltime error to esimate anisotropy: a CFP approach Robert J. For stability, joint inversion P- and SV-data is employed and, as pure SV-data are relatively rare, the use of mode-converted (PSV) data to represent SV in the joint inversion is suggested. Analytic and synthetic

Ferguson, Robert J.

444

The Design Procedure Language Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This manual describes the Design Procedure Language (DPL) for LSI design. DPL creates and maintains a representation of a design in a hierarchically organized, object-oriented LISP data-base. Designing in DPL involves ...

Batali, John

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Passive solar design handbook  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Passive Solar Design Handbook, Volume Three updates Volume Two by presenting extensive new data on the optimum mix of conservation and solar direct gain, sunspaces, thermal storage walls, and solar radiation. The direct gain, thermal storage wall, and solar radiation data are greatly expanded relative to the Volume 2 coverage. The needed flexibility to analyze a variety of system designs is accommodated by the large number of reference designs to be encompassed - 94 in contrast to 6 in Volume two - and the large amount of sensitivity data for direct gain and sunspace systems - approximately 1100 separate curves.

Jones, R.W.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Rampressor Turbine Design  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The design of a unique gas turbine engine is presented. The first Rampressor Turbine engine rig will be a configuration where the Rampressor rotor is integrated into an existing industrial gas turbine engine. The Rampressor rotor compresses air which is burned in a traditional stationary combustion system in order to increase the enthalpy of the compressed air. The combustion products are then expanded through a conventional gas turbine which provides both compressor and electrical power. This in turn produces shaft torque, which drives a generator to provide electricity. The design and the associated design process of such an engine are discussed in this report.

Ramgen Power Systems

2003-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

447

Infrastructure for Integrated Electronics Design & ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Infrastructure for Integrated Electronics Design & Manufacturing (IIEDM) Project. ... designed to support distributed supply chain integration and e ...

2010-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

448

Static and dynamic pressure prediction for prosthetic socket fitting assessment utilising an inverse problem approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Objective: It has been recognised in a review of the developments of lower-limb prosthetic socket fitting processes that the future demands new tools to aid in socket fitting. This paper presents the results of research to design and clinically test ... Keywords: Artificial neural networks, Pressure measurement, Prosthetic, Rehabilitation, Trans-tibial

Philip Sewell; Siamak Noroozi; John Vinney; Ramin Amali; Stephen Andrews

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

2003 CBECS Sample Design  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Technical Information > Sample Design Technical Information > Sample Design How the Survey Was Conducted 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey: Sample Design Introduction The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) is conducted quadrennially by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide basic statistical information about energy consumption and expenditures in U.S. commercial buildings and information about energy-related characteristics of these buildings. The survey is based upon a sample of commercial buildings selected according to the sample design requirements described below. A “building,” as opposed to an “establishment,” is the basic unit of analysis for the CBECS because the building is the energy-consuming unit. The 2003 CBECS was the eighth survey conducted since 1979

450

Nuclear Facility Design  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Design Design FUNCTIONAL AREA GOAL: Headquarters and Field organizations and their contractors ensure that nuclear facilities are designed to assure adequate protection for the public, workers, and the environment from nuclear hazards. REQUIREMENTS:  10 CFR 830.120  10 CFR 830 subpart B  DOE O 413.3  DOE O 420.1B  DOE O 414.1C  DOE O 226.1  DOE M 426.1  DEAR 970-5404-2 Guidance:  DOE G 420.1-1  Project Management Practices, Integrated Quality ( Rev E, June 2003)  DOE Implementation Plan for DNSB Recommendation 2004-2 Performance Objective 1: Contractor Program Documentation Contracts between and the contractors who operate nuclear facilities contain adequate requirements concerning the conduct of nuclear facility safety design for nuclear facility capital projects and major modifications and the

451

Design considerations for MRAM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

MRAM (magnetic random access memory) technology, based on the use of magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) as memory elements, is a potentially fast nonvolatile memory technology with very high write endurance. This paper is an overview of MRAM design considerations. ...

T. M. Maffitt; J. K. DeBrosse; J. A. Gabric; E. T. Gow; M. C. Lamorey; J. S. Parenteau; D. R. Willmott; M. A. Wood; W. J. Gallagher

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Design of nanomanufacturing systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over 100 years of manufacturing knowledge and experience are available to a design engineer when considering the integration of a machine tool enabling macro-scale processes (milling, turning, welding, water-jet cutting) ...

Slocum, Alexander Henry, Jr

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Service oriented architectural design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose Architectural Design Rewriting (ADR), an approach to formalise the development and reconfiguration of software architectures based on term-rewriting. An architectural style consists of a set of architectural elements and operations called ...

R. Bruni; A. Lluch Lafuente; U. Montanari; E. Tuosto

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Safety Design Strategy RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The SDS Review Module (RM) is a tool that assists DOE federal project review teams in evaluating the adequacy of the conceptual safety design strategy documentation package (Conceptual Safety...

455

Conceptual Design RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Review Module is a tool that assists Department of Energy (DOE) federal project review teams in evaluating the adequacy of the conceptual design package prior to CD-1 approval. It focuses on...

456

DESIGN [fabrication] BUILD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DESIGN [fabrication] BUILD proposes a new relationship among the architect, homeowner, and fabricator/assembler through the use of parametric software in order to create a truly customizable prefabricated home. This ...

Rader, Nicolas Glen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Design and Drafting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prototyping -- Desktop 3D Printing The Design & Drafting Group has an Objet30 Pro 3D printer that provides the accuracy and versatility of a high-end rapid prototyping machine...

458

Expert assistants for design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two expert programs currently under development at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, PROCON and the Designer's Apprentice, are briefly described. Both codes define interface to simulations that provide a wide variety of information about the performance of complex devices. (BCS)

Aldridge, J.; Cerutti, J.; Draisin, W.; Steuerwalt, M.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Neighborhood design for Cambridge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines the problem of modest high-density low-rise housing design for a site in Cambridge, Massachusetts. It considers first the general changes in housing demand and the housing industry which have made it ...

Reynolds, Margaret (Margaret Philpott Ray), 1953-

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Alternative energy design toolkit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis concerns the concepts, structure, and applications of the Alternative Energy Design Toolkit. The toolkit is aimed to provide a widely accessible, easy to use, flexible, yet powerful modeling environment for ...

Sukkasi, Sittha

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "inverse design cid" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Designing building skins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis involves framing criteria and discerning issues to be considered in the design of building skins in an urban environment. The 'information age' has paradoxically seen the demise of the facade as an important ...

Desai, Arjun

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

The Ohio Valley Wave-Merger Cyclogenesis Event of 2526 January 1978. Part II: Diagnosis Using Quasigeostrophic Potential Vorticity Inversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamical interactions between precursor disturbances during the wave-merger cyclogenesis event of 2526 January 1978 over eastern North America are diagnosed using quasigeostrophic potential vorticity (QGPV) inversion. This case is ...

Gregory J. Hakim; Daniel Keyser; Lance F. Bosart

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

The Improved Initialization Inversion Method: A High Resolution Physical Method for Temperature Retrievals from Satellites of the TIROS-N Series  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Improved lnitialization Inversion (3I) procedure is a physico-statistical algorithm for retrieving meteorological parameters from TIROS-N satellite data at a special resolution of 100 100 km. This procedure accounts for the physics of the ...

A. Chedin; N. A. Scott; C. Wahiche; P. Moulinier

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Studies of the Marine Inversion Over the San Francisco Bay Area A Summary of the Work of Albert Miller, 19611978  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During his tenure in the Meteorology Department at San Jose State University (19611978), Professor Albert Miller conducted extensive field investigations of the marine inversion over the San Francisco Bay Area. Measurements were made with ...

Peter F. Lester

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Advanced Energy Design Guides  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

One way to influence above-code One way to influence above-code exemplary energy performance in commercial buildings is to provide architects, engineers, and other design practitioners prescriptive guidance that indicates, measure by measure, how to do it. To this end, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) actively supports development of a series of AEDGs- publications designed to provide recommendations for achieving 30 to 50

466

Designing Competitive Electricity Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This volume contains papers that were discussed at the first workshop on Markets for Electricity: Economics and Technology (MEET) held at Stanford University on March 7-8, 1997. The workshop's focus was how to design competitive electricity markets in an industry undergoing rapid changes in both economics and technology. The intended audience includes policy makers, policy-oriented academics, and corporate leaders. Chapters include: Introduction: Economic and Technological Principles in Designing Power M...

1998-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

467

AETR NUCLEAR MOCKUP DESIGN  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Engineering Test Reactor (AETR) nuclear mockup is designed to be a flexible, inexpensive developmental facility which duplicates the reactor portion of the AETR and which would be used to verify the operation of reactor controls. The mockup would also furnish measurements of temperature and void coefficients, flux shapes, and critical mass, and facilitate a reliable AETR design in a minimum time, and with minimum development cost. For even greater usefulness, the mockup is also designed for use in conjunction with an operating AETR to check the reactivity of experiments and fuel assemblies, and for other annular core reactor development purposes. In these respects, the mockup design embodies the concepts for a very low power nuclear auxiliary outlined in an earlier report. Detail design was limited to the reactor assembly and control systems and it is assumed that a simple building with supporting facilities may be readily supplied by private industry or the AEC. Results of negotiations with potential vendors and fabricators, a description of the facility components, and design drawings suitable for contractor use are presented. Preliminary quotations from fabricators and suppliers indicate that the facility can be in operation within an eight month period at a total cost not exceeding

Leonard, B.H.; Bertelson, P.C.; Kornfeld, M.J.; Wade, E.E.

1959-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Engine performance test of the 1975 GM 140-CID. Interim report, August--September 1975  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An engine test of the 1975 GM 140 cubic-inch-displacement, 4-cylinder engine was performed to determine its steady-state fuel consumption and emissions (HC, CO, and NO/sub x/) maps. The data acquired are summarized.

Marshall, W.F.; Stamper, K.R.

1976-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Design documentation: Krypton encapsulation preconceptual design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

US EPA regulations limit the release of Krypton-85 to the environment from commercial facilities after January 1, 1983. In order to comply with these regulations, Krypton-85, which would be released during reprocessing of commercial nuclear fuel, must be collected and stored. Technology currently exists for separation of krypton from other inert gases, and for its storage as a compressed gas in steel cylinders. The requirements, which would be imposed for 100-year storage of Krypton-85, have led to development of processes for encapsulation of krypton within a stable solid matrix. The objective of this effort was to provide preconceptual engineering designs, technical evaluations, and life cycle costing data for comparison of two alternate candidate processes for encapsulation of Krypton-85. This report has been prepared by The Ralph M. Parsons Company for the US Department of Energy.

Knecht, D.A. [Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Silo Storage Preconceptual Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) has a need to develop and field a low-cost option for the long-term storage of a variety of radiological material. The storage options primary requirement is to provide both environmental and physical protection of the materials. Design criteria for this effort require a low initial cost and minimum maintenance over a 50-year design life. In 1999, Argonne National Laboratory-West was tasked with developing a dry silo storage option for the BN-350 Spent Fuel in Aktau Kazakhstan. Argons design consisted of a carbon steel cylinder approximately 16 ft long, 18 in. outside diameter and 0.375 in. wall thickness. The carbon steel silo was protected from corrosion by a duplex coating system consisting of zinc and epoxy. Although the study indicated that the duplex coating design would provide a design life well in excess of the required 50 years, the review board was concerned because of the novelty of the design and the lack of historical use. In 2012, NNSA tasked Idaho National Laboratory (INL) with reinvestigating the silo storage concept and development of alternative corrosion protection strategies. The 2012 study, Silo Storage Concepts, Cathodic Protection Options Study (INL/EST-12-26627), concludes that the option which best fits the design criterion is a passive cathotic protection scheme, consisting of a carbon steel tube coated with zinc or a zinc-aluminum alloy encapsulated in either concrete or a cement grout. The hot dipped zinc coating option was considered most efficient, but the flame-sprayed option could be used if a thicker zinc coating was determined to be necessary.

Stephanie L. Austad; Patrick W. Bragassa; Kevin M Croft; David S Ferguson; Scott C Gladson; Annette L Shafer; John H Weathersby

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Advanced Design Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ARIES-CS project was a multi-year multi-institutional pro ject to assess the feasibility of a compact stellarator as a fusion power plant. The work herein describes efforts to help design one aspect of the device, the divertor, which is responsible for the removal of particle and heat flux from the system, acting as the first point of contact between the magnetically confined hot plasma and the outside world. Specifically, its location and topology are explored, extending previous work on the sub ject. An optimized design is determined for the thermal particle flux using a suite of 3D stellarator design codes which trace magnetic field lines from just inside the confined plasma edge to their strike points on divertor plates. These divertor plates are specified with a newly developed plate design code. It is found that a satisfactory thermal design exists which maintains the plate temperature and heat load distribution below tolerable engineering limits. The design is unique, including a toroidal taper on the outboard plates which was found to be important to our results. The maximum thermal heat flux for the final design was 3.61 M W/m2 and the maximum peaking factor was 10.3, below prescribed limits of 10 M W/m2 and 15.6, respectively. The median length of field lines reaching the plates is about 250 m and their average angle of inclination to the surface is 2? . Finally, an analysis of the fast alphas, resulting from fusion in the core, which escape the plasma was performed. A method is developed for obtaining the mapping from magnetic coordinates to real-space coordinates for the ARIES-CS. This allows the alpha exit locations to be identified in real space for the first time. These were then traced using the field line algorithm as well as a guiding center routine accounting for their mass, charge, and specific direction and energy. Results show that the current design is inadequate for accommodating the alpha heat flux, capturing at most 1/3 of lost alphas. However the distribution of the alphas on the device first wall indicates that a viable solution likely exists. It is noted that future designs must be sought which specifically address the fusion alphas through an integrated approach involving physics and engineering teams.

Steiner, Don [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Generalized chloride mass balance: Forward and inverse solutions for one-dimensional tracer convection under transient flux  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Forward and inverse solutions are provided for analysis of inert tracer profiles resulting from one-dimensional convective transport under fluxes which vary with time and space separately. The developments are displayed as an extension of conventional chloride mass balance (CMB) techniques to account for transient as well as space-dependent water fluxes. The conventional chloride mass balance has been used over two decades to estimate recharge over large time scales in arid environments. In this mass balance approach, the chloride concentration in the pore water, originating from atmospheric fallout, is inversely proportional to the flux of water through the sediments. The CMB method is especially applicable to arid and semi-arid regions where evapotranspirative enrichment of the pore water produces a distinct chloride profile in the unsaturated zone. The solutions presented allow incorporation of transient fluxes and boundary conditions in CMB analysis, and allow analysis of tracer profile data which is not constant with depth below extraction zone in terms of a rational water transport model. A closed-form inverse solution is derived which shows uniqueness of model parameter and boundary condition (including paleoprecipitation) estimation, for the specified flow model. Recent expressions of the conventional chloride mass balance technique are derived from the general model presented here; the conventional CMB is shown to be fully compatible with this transient flow model and it requires the steady-state assumption on chloride mass deposition only (and not on water fluxes or boundary conditions). The solutions and results are demonstrated on chloride profile data from west central New Mexico.

Ginn, T.R.; Murphy, E.M.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Inverse Bremsstrahlung Stabilization of Noise in the Generation of Ultra-short Intense Pulses by Backward Raman Amplification  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Inverse bremsstrahlung absorption of the pump laser beam in a backward Raman amplifier over the round-trip light transit time through the sub-critical density plasma can more than double the electron temperature of the plasma and produce time-varying axial temperature gradients. The resulting increased Landau damping of the plasma wave and detuning of the resonance can act to stabilize the pump against unwanted amplification of Langmuir noise without disrupting nonlinear amplification of the femtosecond seed pulse. Because the heating rate increases with the charge state Z, only low-Z plasmas (hydrogen, helium, or helium-hydrogen mixtures) will maintain a low enough temperature for efficient operation.

Richard L. Berger; Daniel S. Clark Andrei Solodov; Ernest J. Valeo; Nathaniel J. Fisch

2003-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

474

An iterative procedure to obtain inverse response functions for thick-target correction of measured charged-particle spectra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new method for correcting charged-particle spectra for thick target effects is described. Starting with a trial function, inverse response functions are found by an iterative procedure. The variances corresponding to the measured spectrum are treated similiarly and in parallel. Oscillations of the solution are avoided by rebinning the data to finer bins during a correction iteration and back to the original or wider binning after each iteration. This thick-target correction method has been used for data obtained with the MEDLEY facility at the The Svedberg Laboratory, Uppsala, Sweden, and is here presented in detail and demonstrated for two test cases.

S. Pomp; U. Tippawan

2006-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

475

Safety Design Strategy RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Safety Design Strategy Review Module Safety Design Strategy Review Module March 2010 OFFICE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT Standard Review Plan (SRP) Safety Design Strategy (SDS) Review Module Critical Decision (CD) Applicability CD-0 CD-1 CD-2 CD-3 CD-4 Post Operation March 2010 Standard Review Plan, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

476

Watermark Designs, Ltd.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Watermark Designs, Ltd. Watermark Designs, Ltd. (Showerheads) Issued: May 29,2012 BEFORE THE U.S. DEI 1 ARTMENT OF ENERGY WASHINGTON, D.C. 20585 ) ) ) ) ) ORDER Case Number: 2011-SW-2908 By the General Counsel, U.S. Department of Energy: I. In this Order, I adopt the attached Compromise Agreement entered into between the U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") and Watermark Designs, Ltd. ("Respondent"). The Compromise Agreement resolves the case initiated against Respondent pursuant to I 0 C.F.R. § 429.122 by Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty, alleging that Respondent distributed in commerce in the United States the Waterfall or Deluge Spout showerhead, basic model SH-FAL90, which failed to meet the applicable standard for water usage. See 10 C.F.R. § 430.32(p).

477

Preliminary Safety Design RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Preliminary Safety Design Review Module Preliminary Safety Design Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF Pr C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R reliminar Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan ry Safety view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) y Design e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

478

Seismic Design Expectations Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Seismic Design Expectations Report Seismic Design Expectations Report March 2010 CD- This Rev of th Se -0 view Module w he overall Cons OFFICE O eismic De C CD-1 was used to dev struction Projec inco OF ENVIRO Standard esign Exp Critical Deci CD-2 M velop the Revie ct Review cond orporated in the ONMENTA Review Pla pectation ision (CD) A C March 2010 ew Plan for the ducted in 2009 e current versio AL MANAG an (SRP) ns Report Applicability D-3 e Oak Ridge Bl 9. Lessons lear on of the Modu GEMENT t (SDER) CD-4 ldg. 3019 60% rned from this r ule. ) Post Ope design review review have be eration w as part een Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental

479

Conceptual Safety Design RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Conceptual Safety Design Review Module Conceptual Safety Design Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF C C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R Conceptua Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan al Safety view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) y Design e pplicability D-3 EMENT CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital

480

OOTW Force Design Tools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents refined requirements for tools to aid the process of force design in Operations Other Than War (OOTWs). It recommends actions for the creation of one tool and work on other tools relating to mission planning. It also identifies the governmental agencies and commands with interests in each tool, from whom should come the user advisory groups overseeing the respective tool development activities. The understanding of OOTWs and their analytical support requirements has matured to the point where action can be taken in three areas: force design, collaborative analysis, and impact analysis. While the nature of the action and the length of time before complete results can be expected depends on the area, in each case the action should begin immediately. Force design for OOTWs is not a technically difficult process. Like force design for combat operations, it is a process of matching the capabilities of forces against the specified and implied tasks of the operation, considering the constraints of logistics, transport and force availabilities. However, there is a critical difference that restricts the usefulness of combat force design tools for OOTWs: the combat tools are built to infer non-combat capability requirements from combat capability requirements and cannot reverse the direction of the inference, as is required for OOTWs. Recently, OOTWs have played a larger role in force assessment, system effectiveness and tradeoff analysis, and concept and doctrine development and analysis. In the first Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR), each of the Services created its own OOTW force design tool. Unfortunately, the tools address different parts of the problem and do not coordinate the use of competing capabilities. These tools satisfied the immediate requirements of the QDR, but do not provide a long-term cost-effective solution.

Bell, R.E.; Hartley, D.S.III; Packard, S.L.

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

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