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Liu, David
We present a new technique for the design of transformation-optics devices based on large-scale optimization to achieve the optimal effective isotropic dielectric materials within prescribed index bounds, which is ...
Center for Inverse Design: About the Center for Inverse Design
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Alex Zunger (former Director, Center for Inverse Design); Tumas, Bill (Director, Center for Inverse Design); CID Staff
2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z
'Inverse Design: Playing 'Jeopardy' in Materials Science' was submitted by the Center for Inverse Design (CID) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CID, an EFRC directed by Bill Tumas at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from five institutions: NREL (lead), Northwestern University, University of Colorado, Stanford University, and Oregon State University. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Inverse Design is 'to replace trial-and-error methods used in the development of materials for solar energy conversion with an inverse design approach powered by theory and computation.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, metamaterial, defects, spin dynamics, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, and defect tolerant materials.
Center for Inverse Design: Staff Biographies
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Inverse transonic wing design on a vector processer
Anderson, William Kyle
1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of the flowfield, the new airfoil shape could be calculated from continuity considerations. perhaps the most recent method developed for transonic w' ng design was presented in 1981 by Shanker . This technique is a full potential method which utilizes.... Carlson An inverse transoric wing design method suitable for use on a vec- tor processer is presented. This method is based on the three dimen- sional, full potential flow equation written in conservation fc m. The technique for calculating the airfoil...
Evolving Design Rules for the Inverse Granular Packing Problem
Marc Z. Miskin; Heinrich M. Jaeger
2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z
If a collection of identical particles is poured into a container, different shapes will fill to different densities. But what is the shape that fills a container as close as possible to a pre-specified, desired density? We demonstrate a solution to this inverse-packing problem by framing it in the context of artificial evolution. By representing shapes as bonded spheres, we show how shapes may be mutated, simulated, and selected to produce particularly dense or loose packing aggregates, both with and without friction. Moreover, we show how motifs emerge linking these shapes together. The result is a set of design rules that function as an effective solution to the inverse packing problem for given packing procedures and boundary conditions. Finally, we show that these results are verified by experiments on 3D-printed prototypes used to make packings in the real world.
Center for Inverse Design: Principal Investigators in the Center for
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Center for Inverse Design: Research Thrusts and Subtasks
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Comparison of methods for inverse design of radiant enclosures.
Franca, Francis (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil); Larsen, Marvin Elwood; Howell, John R. (University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX); Daun, Kyle (National Research Council of Canada Laboratory, Ottawa, Canada); Leduc, Guillaume (Laboratoire d< U+2019> EnergÔetique, UniversitÔe Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France)
2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
A particular inverse design problem is proposed as a benchmark for comparison of five solution techniques used in design of enclosures with radiating sources. The enclosure is three-dimensional and includes some surfaces that are diffuse and others that are specular diffuse. Two aspect ratios are treated. The problem is completely described, and solutions are presented as obtained by the Tikhonov method, truncated singular value decomposition, conjugate gradient regularization, quasi-Newton minimization, and simulated annealing. All of the solutions use a common set of exchange factors computed by Monte Carlo, and smoothed by a constrained maximum likelihood estimation technique that imposes conservation, reciprocity, and non-negativity. Solutions obtained by the various methods are presented and compared, and the relative advantages and disadvantages of these methods are summarized.
Advanced inverse techniques for the design of directional solidi cation processes
Zabaras, Nicholas J.
Advanced inverse techniques for the design of directional solidi cation processes Nicholas Zabaras methodologies for thermal process design can be developed using inverse problem theory. Such techniques the problem of designing the mold cooling/heating conditions such that stable solidi cation growth is obtained
Performance of CID camera X-ray imagers at NIF in a harsh neutron environment
Palmer, N. E. [LLNL; Schneider, M. B. [LLNL; Bell, P. M. [LLNL; Piston, K. W. [LLNL; Moody, J. D. [LLNL; James, D. L. [LLNL; Ness, R. A. [LLNL; Haugh, M. J. [NSTec; Lee, J. J. [NSTec; Romano, E. D. [NSTec
2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Charge-injection devices (CIDs) are solid-state 2D imaging sensors similar to CCDs, but their distinct architecture makes CIDs more resistant to ionizing radiation.1–3 CID cameras have been used extensively for X-ray imaging at the OMEGA Laser Facility4,5 with neutron fluences at the sensor approaching 109 n/cm2 (DT, 14 MeV). A CID Camera X-ray Imager (CCXI) system has been designed and implemented at NIF that can be used as a rad-hard electronic-readout alternative for time-integrated X-ray imaging. This paper describes the design and implementation of the system, calibration of the sensor for X-rays in the 3 – 14 keV energy range, and preliminary data acquired on NIF shots over a range of neutron yields. The upper limit of neutron fluence at which CCXI can acquire useable images is ~ 108 n/cm2 and there are noise problems that need further improvement, but the sensor has proven to be very robust in surviving high yield shots (~ 1014 DT neutrons) with minimal damage.
Inverse-design and optimization methods for centrifugal pump impellers
Twente, Universiteit
to be incompressible. As such, these methods are applicable to pumps, fans and hydraulic turbines. Furthermore details can lead to large changes in performance, like resulting head, efficiency and cavitation as input and the flow field and the performance are obtained as a result. In contrast, for an inverse
Center for Inverse Design poster for EFRC Summit, May 2011
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Photonic Design: From Fundamental Solar Cell Physics to Computational Inverse Design
Miller, Owen D
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Photonic innovation is becoming ever more important in the modern world. Optical systems are dominating shorter and shorter communications distances, LED's are rapidly emerging for a variety of applications, and solar cells show potential to be a mainstream technology in the energy space. The need for novel, energy-efficient photonic and optoelectronic devices will only increase. This work unites fundamental physics and a novel computational inverse design approach towards such innovation. The first half of the dissertation is devoted to the physics of high-efficiency solar cells. As solar cells approach fundamental efficiency limits, their internal physics transforms. Photonic considerations, instead of electronic ones, are the key to reaching the highest voltages and efficiencies. Proper photon management led to Alta Device's recent dramatic increase of the solar cell efficiency record to 28.3%. Moreover, approaching the Shockley-Queisser limit for any solar cell technology will require light extraction to ...
Direct Wing Design and Inverse Airfoil Identification with the Nonlinear Weissinger Method
Ranneberg, Maximilian
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A vortex-lattice method for wing aerodynamics that uses nonlinear airfoil data is presented. Two applications of this procedure are presented: Direct Design of a Flying Wing and Inverse Identification from wind tunnel measurements with low-aspect ratio wings. A Newton method is employed, which not only allows very fast solutions to the nonlinear equations but enables the calculation of static and dynamic stability and control derivatives without further cost.
Altman, Michael Darren
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis presents the development and application of several computational techniques to aid in the design and analysis of small molecules and peptides that bind to protein targets. First, an inverse small-molecule ...
Effectiveness of CID, HCD, and ETD with FT MS/MS for degradomic...
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of fragmentation methods namely CID-, HCD-, and ETD for FT MSMS analysis of human blood plasma peptidomic peptides. The peptidomic peptides were able to be identified from...
Chen, Qingyan "Yan"
use efficiency are three important29 indices for heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC1 Inverse Design Methods for Indoor Ventilation Systems Using1 CFD-Based Multi equilibrium and require ventilation rates of12 a space to design ventilation systems for the space
Ratcliff, Robert R.
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
as weak or nonexistent shock waves, a slowly increasing adverse pressure gradient to limit boundary layer separation, a center of pressure loca, tion giving a desirable pitch- ing moment, or an efficient spanwise loa. ding. The designer may also use wind...-tunnel tests of successful airfoils as an aid in picking a desirable pressure distribution. The direct-inverse technique has been successfully used in stretched and sheared Carte- sian coordinate systems' ' '' and most recently by Gaily ' in a curvilinear...
Design of Radiant Enclosures using Inverse and Non-linear Programming Techniques
Morton, David
vector x 2nd -order radiosity sensitivity vector #12;4 Greek Symbols k Step size ij Blockage factor Vector of design parameters (heater settings) #12;5 1. INTRODUCTION The design of radiant enclosures is to irradiate a design surface with heater surfaces located elsewhere in the enclosure. For example, the design
Inverse Design of High-Absorption Thin-Film Photovoltaic Materials
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Center for Inverse Design: Inverse Design Approach
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Design of digital circuits using inverse-mode cascode SiGe HBTs for single event upset mitigation.
Thrivikraman, Tushar K. (Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA); Phillips, Stanley D. (Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA); Dodd, Paul Emerson; Cressler, John D. (Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA); Marshall, Paul W. (Consultant to NASA, Brookneal, VA); Vizkelethy, Gyorgy; Marshall, Cheryl (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD); Wilcox, Edward (Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA)
2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report on the design and measured results of a new SiGe HBT radiation hardening by design technique called the 'inverse-mode cascode' (IMC). A third-generation SiGe HBT IMC device was tested in a time resolved ion beam induced charge collection (TRIBICC) system, and was found to have over a 75% reduction in peak current transients with the use of an n-Tiedown on the IMC sub-collector node. Digital shift registers in a 1st-generation SiGe HBT technology were designed and measured under a heavy-ion beam, and shown to increase the LET threshold over standard npn only shift registers. Using the CREME96 tool, the expected orbital bit-errors/day were simulated to be approximately 70% lower with the IMC shift register. These measured results help demonstrate the efficacy of using the IMC device as a low-cost means for improving the SEE radiation hardness of SiGe HBT technology without increasing area or power.
Inverse Problems, Design and Optimization Symposium (IPDO-2013) Albi, France, June 26-28, 2013
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
OPTIMAL DESIGN OF ENERGY PRODUCTION AND STORAGE SYSTEMS IN BUILDINGS Aurélie Chabaud a,b , Julien Eynard a is being deregulated and decentralized energy production systems become more and more popular. That is why equipped with energy production and storage systems [8,9]. The impact of local energy production on
Spectral imaging with a cid camera. Final report, 4 February 1982-14 September 1984
Tarbell, T.D.
1985-03-22T23:59:59.000Z
This report describes a program of spectral imaging observations of the solar atmosphere using the Sacromento Peak Vacuum Tower Telescope. The observations were obtained with Lockheed instruments including: an active tilt mirror for image motion compensation; polarization analyzer; narrowband tunable birefringent filter; photoelectric cid array camera; digital video image processor; and a microcomputer controller. Five observing runs were made, three of them with the entire system in operation. The images obtained were processed to measure magnetic and velocity fields in the solar photosphere with very high spatial resolution - 0.5 arcseconds on the best frames. Sets of these images have been studied to address three scientific problems; (1) The relationship among small magnetic flux tubes, downdrafts and granulation; (2) The puzzling flux changes in isolated magnetic features in a decaying active region; (3) The temporal power spectrum of the magnetogram signal in isolated flux tubes. Examples of the narrowband images are included in the report, along with abstracts and manuscripts of papers, resulting from this research.
Fast methods for inverse wave scattering problems
Lee, Jung Hoon, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Inverse wave scattering problems arise in many applications including computerized/diffraction tomography, seismology, diffraction/holographic grating design, object identification from radar singals, and semiconductor ...
Sze, L.K.; Cheung, C.S.; Leung, C.W. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong (China)
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Experiments were carried out to investigate the appearance, temperature distribution, and NO{sub x} emission index of two inverse diffusion flames, one with circumferentially arranged ports (CAPs) and the other with co-axial (CoA) jets, both burning LPG with 70% butane and 30% propane. Flame appearances were investigated first with a fixed fueling rate at different airflow rates equivalent to air jet Reynolds numbers (Re) of 1000 to 4500; and then at a fixed airflow rate with different fueling rates equivalent to overall equivalence ratios (F) of 1.0 to 2.0. The CAP flame is found to consist of two zones: a lower entrainment zone and an upper mixing and combustion zone. The CoA flame in most cases is similar to a diffusion flame. The two-zone structure can be observed only at Re larger than 2500. The temperature distributions of the flames are similar at overall equivalence ratios of 1.0 and 1.2 for Re=2500, except that the corresponding CoA flame is longer. The flame temperature is higher in the CAP flame than the CoA flame at higher overall equivalence ratios. A measurement of centerline oxygen concentrations shows that the oxygen concentration reaches a minimum value at a flame height of 50 mm in the CAP flame but decreases more gradually in the CoA flame. It can be concluded that there is more intense air-fuel mixing in a CAP flame than the CoA flame. Investigation of the emission index of NO{sub x} (EINO{sub x}) for both flames at Re=2500 and overall equivalence ratios of 1.0 to 6.0 reveals that the EINO{sub x} curve of each flame is bell-shaped, with a maximum value of 3.2 g/kg at F=1.2 for the CAP flame and 3 g/kg at F=2.2 for the CoA flame.
CID-miRNA: A web server for prediction of novel miRNA precursors in human genome
Tyagi, Sonika; Vaz, Candida [Centre for Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, School of Information Technology, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Mehrauli Road, New Delhi 110067 (India); Gupta, Vipin; Bhatia, Rohit [Department of Computer Sciences, Netaji Subhash Institute of Technology, New Delhi (India); Maheshwari, Sachin [Department of Computer Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi (India); Srinivasan, Ashwin [IBM Research Lab, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi (India); Bhattacharya, Alok [Centre for Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, School of Information Technology, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Mehrauli Road, New Delhi 110067 (India); School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi (India)], E-mail: alok.bhattacharya@gmail.com
2008-08-08T23:59:59.000Z
microRNAs (miRNA) are a class of non-protein coding functional RNAs that are thought to regulate expression of target genes by direct interaction with mRNAs. miRNAs have been identified through both experimental and computational methods in a variety of eukaryotic organisms. Though these approaches have been partially successful, there is a need to develop more tools for detection of these RNAs as they are also thought to be present in abundance in many genomes. In this report we describe a tool and a web server, named CID-miRNA, for identification of miRNA precursors in a given DNA sequence, utilising secondary structure-based filtering systems and an algorithm based on stochastic context free grammar trained on human miRNAs. CID-miRNA analyses a given sequence using a web interface, for presence of putative miRNA precursors and the generated output lists all the potential regions that can form miRNA-like structures. It can also scan large genomic sequences for the presence of potential miRNA precursors in its stand-alone form. The web server can be accessed at (http://mirna.jnu.ac.in/cidmirna/)
Wysocki, Vicki H.
Implementation of low-energy surface-induced dissociation (eV SID) and high-energy collision is that the instrument implements both high-energy collision-induced dissociation (keV CID) and low-energy surface energy expression, E mv2 /2. As pointed out in the foreword to Cotter's book on TOF mass spectrometry [1
Center for Inverse Design: Publications
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Center for Inverse Design: Publications
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Oldenburg, Douglas W.
UBC Geophysical InversionFacility Modelling and Inversion of EMI data collected over magnetic soils of EMI data acquired at sites with magnetic soils Â· Geophysical Proveouts Â· Geonics EM63 Data Â· First model parameters: Â· Location Â· Orientation Â· Polarizabilities 4 #12;UBC Geophysical Inversion Facility
Center for Inverse Design: Modality 1 - Inverse Band Structure
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Torres-VerdÃn, Carlos
Torres-VerdÃn b , Abdolhamid Hadibeik b , Kamy Sepehrnoori b a ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company Design of Experiment DoE petrophysics well logging reservoir simulation Laboratory measurements of relative permeability curves from resistivity logs (Ramakrishnan and Wilkinson, 1999; Zeybek et al., 2004
Global optimization in inverse problem of scatterometry
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
Global optimization in inverse problem of scatterometry Lekbir Afraites1,2 Jerome Hazard3 Patrick as a parametric optimization problem using the Least Square criterion. In this work, a design procedure for global robust optimization is developed using Kriging and global optimization approaches. Robustness
Application of robust and inverse optimization in transportation
Nguyen, Thai Dung
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the use of inverse and robust optimization to address two problems in transportation: finding the travel times and designing a transportation network. We assume that users choose the route selfishly and the flow ...
Pointwise Fourier Inversion: a Wave Equation Approach
Pointwise Fourier Inversion: a Wave Equation Approach Mark A. Pinsky1 Michael E. Taylor2. A general criterion for pointwise Fourier inversion 2. Pointwise Fourier inversion on Rn (n = 3) 3. Fourier inversion on R2 4. Fourier inversion on Rn (general n) 5. Fourier inversion on spheres 6. Fourier inversion
INVERSE PROTEIN FOLDING, HIERARCHICAL OPTIMISATION
Halligan, Daniel
INVERSE PROTEIN FOLDING, HIERARCHICAL OPTIMISATION AND TIE KNOTS Thomas M. A. Fink st. john Introduction 3 1.1 Inverse Protein Folding 3 1.2 Hierarchical Optimisation 5 1.3 Tie Knots 6 1.4 Schematic Organisation 6 1.5 Publications 9 2 Protein Folding, Inverse Protein Folding and Energy Landscapes 10 2
7, 1043910465, 2007 Mesoscale inversion
Boyer, Edmond
ACPD 7, 1043910465, 2007 Mesoscale inversion T. Lauvaux et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction Discussions Mesoscale inversion: first results from the CERES campaign with synthetic data T. Lauvaux 1,2 , M.lauvaux@lsce.ipsl.fr) 10439 #12;ACPD 7, 1043910465, 2007 Mesoscale inversion T. Lauvaux et al. Title Page Abstract
Inverse Design Summer School brochure, Sept 2011
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Center for Inverse Design: Need Help?
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Center for Inverse Design Home Page
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Robust inversion, dimensionality reduction, and randomized sampling
Aleksandr Aravkin
2011-11-17T23:59:59.000Z
Nov 17, 2011 ... Keywords: inverse problems, seismic inversion, stochastic optimization, robust estimation. Category 1: Nonlinear Optimization. Category 2: ...
Stochastic Joint Inversion for Integrated Data Interpretation...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Stochastic Joint Inversion for Integrated Data Interpretation in Geothermal Exploration Stochastic Joint Inversion for Integrated Data Interpretation in Geothermal Exploration...
Pointwise Fourier Inversion: a Wave Equation Approach
Pointwise Fourier Inversion: a Wave Equation Approach Mark A. Pinsky 1 Michael E. Taylor 2. A general criterion for pointwise Fourier inversion 2. Pointwise Fourier inversion on R n (n = 3) 3. Fourier inversion on R 2 4. Fourier inversion on R n (general n) 5. Fourier inversion on spheres 6. Fourier
Inverse free-electron laser accelerator
Pellegrini, C.; Campisi, R.
1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We first describe the basic physical properties of an inverse free-electron laser and make an estimate of the order of magnitude of the accelerating field obtainable with such a system; then apply the general ideas to the design of an actual device and through this example we give a more accurate evaluation of the fundamental as well as the technical limitations that this acceleration scheme imposes.
Modelling approach for the Simulation-Based Preliminary Design of Power Transmissions
Boyer, Edmond
). Keywords: ball-screw, flight control, inverse simulation, model based design, Modelica, modelling
Inverse problem for Bremsstrahlung radiation
Voss, K.E.; Fisch, N.J.
1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
For certain predominantly one-dimensional distribution functions, an analytic inversion has been found which yields the velocity distribution of superthermal electrons given their Bremsstrahlung radiation. 5 refs.
Inverse Problems in Transport Theory
The inverse scattering problem for (2.1) is the following: Does S determine ...... J. Voigt, Spectral properties of the neutron transport equation, J. Math. Anal. Appl.
Requirements and Designs for Mars Rover RTGs
Schock, Alfred; Shirbacheh, M; Sankarankandath, V
2012-01-19T23:59:59.000Z
The current-generation RTGs (both GPHS and MOD) are designed for operation in a vacuum environment. The multifoil thermal insulation used in those RTGs only functions well in a good vacuum. Current RTGs are designed to operate with an inert cover gas before launch, and to be vented to space vacuum after launch. Both RTGs are sealed with a large number of metallic C-rings. Those seals are adequate for retaining the inert-gas overpressure during short-term launch operations, but would not be adequate to prevent intrusion of the Martian atmospheric gases during long-term operations there. Therefore, for the Mars Rover application, those RTGs just be modified to prevent the buildup of significant pressures of Mars atmosphere or of helium (from alpha decay of the fuel). In addition, a Mars Rover RTG needs to withstand a long-term dynamic environment that is much more severe than that seen by an RTG on an orbiting spacecraft or on a stationary planetary lander. This paper describes a typical Rover mission, its requirements, the environment it imposes on the RTG, and a design approach for making the RTG operable in such an environment. Specific RTG designs for various thermoelectric element alternatives are presented.; Reference CID #9268 and CID #9276.
RNAiFold: A web server for RNA inverse folding and molecular Juan Antonio Garcia-Martin, Peter Clote
Clote, Peter
RNAiFold: A web server for RNA inverse folding and molecular design Juan Antonio Garcia title: RNAiFold web server Key words: RNA, inverse folding, molecular design, synthetic biology, RNA to the 21st century. In this paper, we describe a new web server to support in silico RNA molecular design
Center for Inverse Design: Organization of the Center for Inverse Design
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The Phase Inversion-based Coal-CO2 Slurry (PHICCOS) Feeding System
The Phase Inversion-based Coal-CO2 Slurry (PHICCOS) Feeding System: Design, Coupled Multiscale. Commercially available feeding systems are based on coal-water slurry or lock hoppers. The earlier penalizes coal feeding system. The proposed Phase Inversion-based Coal-CO2 Slurry (PHICCOS) feeding system uses
PROGRESS ON A NEW EXPERIMENTAL TEST OF THE GRAVITATIONAL INVERSE-SQUARE LAW
Newman, Riley D.
1 PROGRESS ON A NEW EXPERIMENTAL TEST OF THE GRAVITATIONAL INVERSE-SQUARE LAW R.M. BONICALZI, P from an oscillating torsion-pendulum experiment searching for gravitational inverse square law Relativity, i.e. Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation. The experiment reported here is designed
Inversion of the star transform
Fan Zhao; John C. Schotland; Vadim A. Markel
2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z
We define the star transform as a generalization of the broken ray transform introduced by us in previous work. The advantages of using the star transform include the possibility to reconstruct the absorption and the scattering coefficients of the medium separately and simultaneously (from the same data) and the possibility to utilize scattered radiation which, in the case of the conventional X-ray tomography, is discarded. In this paper, we derive the star transform from physical principles, discuss its mathematical properties and analyze numerical stability of inversion. In particular, it is shown that stable inversion of the star transform can be obtained only for configurations involving odd number of rays. Several computationally-efficient inversion algorithms are derived and tested numerically.
Tritium management in fusion synfuel designs
Galloway, T.R.
1980-04-25T23:59:59.000Z
Two blanket types are being studied: a lithium-sodium pool boiler and a lithium-oxide- or lithium-sodium pool boiler and a lithium-oxide- or aluminate-microsphere moving bed. For each, a wide variety of current technology was considered in handling the tritium. Here, we show the pool boiler with the sulfur-iodine thermochemical cycle first developed and now being piloted by the General Atomic Company. The tritium (T/sub 2/) will be generated in the lithium-sodium mixture where the concentration is approx. 10 ppM and held constant by a scavenging system consisting mainly of permeators. An intermediate sodium loop carries the blanket heat to the thermochemical cycle, and the T/sub 2/ in this loop is held to 1 ppM by a similar scavenging system. With this design, we have maintained blanket inventory at 1 kg of tritium, kept thermochemical cycle losses to 5 Ci/d and environmental loss to 10 Ci/d, and held total plant risk inventory at 7 kg tritium.
Fractional Inversion in Krylov Space
B. Bunk
1998-05-28T23:59:59.000Z
The fractional inverse $M^{-\\gamma}$ (real $\\gamma >0$) of a matrix $M$ is expanded in a series of Gegenbauer polynomials. If the spectrum of $M$ is confined to an ellipse not including the origin, convergence is exponential, with the same rate as for Chebyshev inversion. The approximants can be improved recursively and lead to an iterative solver for $M^\\gamma x = b$ in Krylov space. In case of $\\gamma = 1/2$, the expansion is in terms of Legendre polynomials, and rigorous bounds for the truncation error are derived.
Inverse Temperature-Dependent Pathway of Cellulose Decrystallization...
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Inverse Temperature-Dependent Pathway of Cellulose Decrystallization in Trifluoroacetic Acid. Inverse Temperature-Dependent Pathway of Cellulose Decrystallization in...
A study of generalized inverses
McKinney, Nancy Lee
1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
APPENDIX A A FORTRAN IV COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR CALCULATING THE GENERALIZED INVERSE OF A MATRIX. VITA PAGE 17 17 23 32 35 38 38 46 53 53 53 59 65 68 71 92 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE 1 Least-Square Solution. . 2 Specific Least... are as follows. We extend the definition of a diagonaL matrix to all mxn matrices. We call an mxn matrix D a diagonal matrix of d. = 0 ij for i P j, i = l, . . . , m and j = l, . . . , n. Thus the only entries in D that may be nonzero are the d, i = I...
High dimensional linear inverse modelling
Cooper, Fenwick C
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce and demonstrate two linear inverse modelling methods for systems of stochastic ODE's with accuracy that is independent of the dimensionality (number of elements) of the state vector representing the system in question. Truncation of the state space is not required. Instead we rely on the principle that perturbations decay with distance or the fact that for many systems, the state of each data point is only determined at an instant by itself and its neighbours. We further show that all necessary calculations, as well as numerical integration of the resulting linear stochastic system, require computational time and memory proportional to the dimensionality of the state vector.
EDDY CURRENT INVERSION AND ESTIMATION METRICS FOR EVALUATING THERMAL BARRIER COATINGS
Sabbagh, Harold A.; Murphy, R. Kim; Sabbagh, Elias H. [Victor Technologies LLC, Bloomington, IN 47401 (United States); Knopp, Jeremy S. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433 (United States); Aldrin, John C. [Computational Tools, Gurnee, IL 60031 (United States); Nyenhuis, John [Dept. of Electric Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN (United States)
2010-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, sophisticated eddy-current techniques incorporating model-based inverse methods were successfully demonstrated to measure the thickness and remaining-life of high-temperature coatings. To further assure the performance of these inverse methods, several estimation metrics including Fisher Information, Cramer-Rao Lower Bound (CRLB), covariance, and singular value decomposition (SVD) are introduced. The connections and utility of these metrics are illustrated in the design of eddy current methods for estimating layer thickness, conductivity and probe liftoff.
Inverse operator representations of quantum phase
G. M. Saxena
2008-03-14T23:59:59.000Z
We define quantum phase in terms of inverses of annihilation and creation operators. We show that like Susskind - Glogower phase operators, the measured phase operators and the unitary phase operators can be defined in terms of the inverse operators. However, for the unitary phase operator the Hilbert space includes the negative energy states. The quantum phase in inverse operator representation may find the applications in the field of quantum optics particularly in the squeezed states.
Linear conic optimization for inverse optimal control
Edouard Pauwels
2014-11-05T23:59:59.000Z
Nov 5, 2014 ... Abstract: We address the inverse problem of Lagrangian identification based on trajectories in the context of nonlinear optimal control.
INVERSE SCATTERING OF SEISMIC DATA WITH THE ...
1910-61-22T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the inverse scattering of seismic reflection data making use of the generalized Radon transform. Through an extension, the relevant transform attains ...
Inverse hydrochemical models of aqueous extracts tests
Zheng, L.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Samper, J. , Yang, C. , Montenegro, L. , 2003. Users ManualSamper, J. , Vázquez, A. , Montenegro, L. , 2005. Inverse563. Samper, J. , Zhang, G. , Montenegro, L. , 2006. Coupled
A typology of Bantu subject inversion
Marten, Lutz; van der Wal, Jenneke
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
generalisations are drawn. For example, languages with instrument inversion or with patient inversion always have locative inversion (but not vice versa), or if a language has at least one inversion construction, it always has at least either default agreement... ): (36) Se-tulo seo ba-sadi ba-se-rek-ile-ng kajeno … [Sesotho] 7-chair REL7 2-woman SM2-OM7-buy-PRF-REL today ‘The chair which the women bought today …’ (37) Mbatya dza-va-ka-son-er-a va-kadzi [Shona] 10.clothes REL10-SM2...
Summarizing and Mining Inverse Distributions on Data Streams via Dynamic Inverse Sampling
Cormode, Graham
Summarizing and Mining Inverse Distributions on Data Streams via Dynamic Inverse Sampling Graham data stream management systems approach this problem by sum- marizing and mining the distributions for summariz- ing and mining inverse distributions of data streams: they rely on a novel technique to maintain
Inverse free electron laser accelerator for advanced light sources
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Duris, J. P.; Musumeci, P.; Li, R. K.
2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the inverse free electron laser (IFEL) scheme as a compact high gradient accelerator solution for driving advanced light sources such as a soft x-ray free electron laser amplifier or an inverse Compton scattering based gamma-ray source. In particular, we present a series of new developments aimed at improving the design of future IFEL accelerators. These include a new procedure to optimize the choice of the undulator tapering, a new concept for prebunching which greatly improves the fraction of trapped particles and the final energy spread, and a self-consistent study of beam loading effects which leads to an energy-efficient high laser-to-beam power conversion.
Shot level parallelization of a seismic inversion code using PVM
Versteeg, R.J.; Gockenback, M.; Symes, W.W. [Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States); Kern, M. [Inria, Le Chesnay (France)
1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents experience with parallelization using PVM of DSO, a seismic inversion code developed in The Rice Inversion Project. It focuses on one aspect: trying to run efficiently on a cluster of 4 workstations. The authors use a coarse grain parallelism in which they dynamically distribute the shots over the available machines in the cluster. The modeling and migration of their code is parallelized very effectively by this strategy; they have reached a overall performance of 104 Mflops using a configuration of one manager with 3 workers, a speedup of 2.4 versus the serial version, which according to Amdahl`s law is optimal given the current design of their code. Further speedup is currently limited by the non parallelized part of their code optimization, linear algebra and i(o).
Compact x-ray source based on burst-mode inverse Compton scattering at 100 kHz
Bessuille, J.
A design for a compact x-ray light source (CXLS) with flux and brilliance orders of magnitude beyond existing laboratory scale sources is presented. The source is based on inverse Compton scattering of a high brightness ...
Positive and inverse isotope effect on superconductivity
Tian De Cao
2009-09-04T23:59:59.000Z
This article improves the BCS theory to include the inverse isotope effect on superconductivity. An affective model can be deduced from the model including electron-phonon interactions, and the phonon-induced attraction is simply and clearly explained on the electron Green function. The focus of this work is on how the positive or inverse isotope effect occurs in superconductors.
Reservoir Characterization Using Intelligent Seismic Inversion
Mohaghegh, Shahab
reservoir performance. Field Development #12;- Issues about the data and problems regarding data analysis characterization studies. - Inverse modeling of reservoir properties from the seismic data is known as seismic inversion. SEISMIC LOGS #12;1. Does a relationship exist between seismic data and reservoir characteristics
Center for Inverse Design: Partner Institutions in the Center for Inverse
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWPSuccess StoriesFebruaryMetalControl
Center for Inverse Design: Collaboration Tool for the Center for Inverse
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMForms About Batteriesmetal-organic frameworks EFRC 1001
acoustic impedance inversion: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Topic Index 1 ACOUSTIC IMPEDANCE INVERSION FOR STATIC AND DYNAMIC CHARACTERIZATION OF A CO2 EOR PROJECT, Fossil Fuels Websites Summary: ACOUSTIC IMPEDANCE INVERSION FOR STATIC...
Local Uniqueness for the Fixed Energy Fixed Angle Inverse Problem ...
Abstract. We prove local uniqueness for the inverse problem in obstacle scattering at a fixed energy and fixed incident angle. We consider the inverse problem of ...
Joint inversion of electrical and seismic data for Fracture char...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Joint inversion of electrical and seismic data for Fracture char. and Imaging of Fluid Flow in Geothermal Systems Joint inversion of electrical and seismic data for Fracture char....
Three-dimensional induced polarization data inversion for complex resistivity
Commer, M.; Newman, G.A.; Williams, K.H.; Hubbard, S.S.
2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
The conductive and capacitive material properties of the subsurface can be quantified through the frequency-dependent complex resistivity. However, the routine three-dimensional (3D) interpretation of voluminous induced polarization (IP) data sets still poses a challenge due to large computational demands and solution nonuniqueness. We have developed a flexible methodology for 3D (spectral) IP data inversion. Our inversion algorithm is adapted from a frequency-domain electromagnetic (EM) inversion method primarily developed for large-scale hydrocarbon and geothermal energy exploration purposes. The method has proven to be efficient by implementing the nonlinear conjugate gradient method with hierarchical parallelism and by using an optimal finite-difference forward modeling mesh design scheme. The method allows for a large range of survey scales, providing a tool for both exploration and environmental applications. We experimented with an image focusing technique to improve the poor depth resolution of surface data sets with small survey spreads. The algorithm's underlying forward modeling operator properly accounts for EM coupling effects; thus, traditionally used EM coupling correction procedures are not needed. The methodology was applied to both synthetic and field data. We tested the benefit of directly inverting EM coupling contaminated data using a synthetic large-scale exploration data set. Afterward, we further tested the monitoring capability of our method by inverting time-lapse data from an environmental remediation experiment near Rifle, Colorado. Similar trends observed in both our solution and another 2D inversion were in accordance with previous findings about the IP effects due to subsurface microbial activity.
Hybrid Motion Control combining Inverse Kinematics and Inverse Dynamics Controllers
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
environments provides the possibility to explore novel solutions for designing virtual characters interacting research. Most of the contributions have addressed the control of articulated figures using robotics Trajectories End-effector Trajectories (XS , S , S) T XT Cartesian Space Physics Modeling Virtual Performer
Center for Inverse Design Highlight: Iron Chalcogenide PV Absorbers
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWPSuccess StoriesFebruaryMetalControl SystemLightWhite
Center for Inverse Design: EFRC Researchers in Focus (Text Version)
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWPSuccess StoriesFebruaryMetalControl SystemLightWhiteEFRC Researchers
Center for Inverse Design: Lost SharePoint Password?
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWPSuccess StoriesFebruaryMetalControl SystemLightWhiteEFRC
Center for Inverse Design: Modality 3 - Discovery of Missing Materials
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced. C o w l i t z C o .FornlA SeriesNanocrystalNewsMPA-CINT3:
Center for Inverse Design: EFRC Researchers in Focus
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMForms About Batteriesmetal-organic frameworks EFRC 1001EFRC Researchers
Self-Inverse Interleavers for Turbo Codes
Sakzad, Amin; Panario, Daniel; Eshghi, Nasim
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this work we introduce and study a set of new interleavers based on permutation polynomials and functions with known inverses over a finite field $\\mathbb{F}_q$ for using in turbo code structures. We use Monomial, Dickson, M\\"{o}bius and R\\'edei functions in order to get new interleavers. In addition we employ Skolem sequences in order to find new interleavers with known cycle structure. As a byproduct we give an exact formula for the inverse of every R\\'edei function. The cycle structure of R\\'edei functions are also investigated. Finally, self-inverse versions of permutation functions are used to construct interleavers. These interleavers are their own de-interleavers and are useful for turbo coding and turbo decoding. Experiments carried out for self-inverse interleavers constructed using these kind of permutation polynomials and functions show excellent agreement with our theoretical results.
Inverse problem for incremental synchrotron radiation
Fisch, N.J.
1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Significantly more information is available from synchrotron emission from a plasma when the plasma is purposefully disturbed. An inverse problem, to deduce properties of the disturbance given time-dependent radiation data, is proposed. The fast time response of radiation detectors is fully exploited by this approach. A special case of interest, perpendicular observation of a steady-state plasma, lends itself to an analytic inversion.
A fluorophosphate-based inverse Keggin structure
Fielden, John; Quasdorf, Kyle; Cronin, Leroy; Kogerler, Paul
2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z
An unusual PFO(3)(2-)-templated "inverse Keggin" polyanion, [Mo(12)O(46)(PF)(4)](4-), has been isolated from the degradation reaction of an {Mo(132)}-type Keplerate to [PMo(12)O(40)](3-) by [Cu(MeCN)(4)](PF(6)) in acetonitrile. (31)P-NMR studies suggest a structure-directing role for [Cu(MeCN)(4)](+) in the formation of the highly unusual all-inorganic inverse Keggin structure.
INVERSE-SQUARE LAW TESTS 1 TESTS OF THE GRAVITATIONAL
Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group
INVERSE-SQUARE LAW TESTS 1 TESTS OF THE GRAVITATIONAL INVERSE-SQUARE LAW E.G.Adelberger, B-1560 KEYWORDS: gravitation, experimental tests of inverse-square law, quantum gravity, extra dimensions ABSTRACT: We review recent experimental tests of the gravitational inverse-square law, and the wide variety
Hellebrand, Sybille
instruments. Design and analysis of reliable and computationally effective mathematical solution methods on computational methods for inverse problems in imaging is held at University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio campus in the fields of mathematics, physics or engineering with an interest towards inverse problems. The school
2001 -4380 -0 Aerospace EngineeringIto, Ward, and Valasek ROBUST DYNAMIC INVERSION
Valasek, John
2001 - 4380 - 0 Aerospace EngineeringIto, Ward, and Valasek ROBUST DYNAMIC INVERSION CONTROLLER DESIGN FOR THE X-38 AIAA-2001-4380 Dai Ito, Dr. Donald T. Ward, and Dr. John Valasek Aerospace Engineering AIAA GN&C Conference, Montreal, Canada 9 August 2001 #12;2001 - 4380 - 1 Aerospace Engineering
Analysis on the Inverse problem Statistical analysis of the inverse problem
regression This is a non-linear regression model. Assumption : we have equal variance measurement errors and trigonometric forms. #12;Analysis on the Inverse problem Introduction Non-linear regression This is a non-linear on the Inverse problem Introduction Linear and non-linear regression Examples : Linear model y = 0 + 1x + 2x2 y
A reservoir for inverse power law decoherence of a qubit
Filippo Giraldi; Francesco Petruccione
2011-01-24T23:59:59.000Z
The exact dynamics of a Jaynes-Cummings model for a qubit interacting with a continuous distribution of bosons, characterized by a special form of the spectral density, is evaluated analytically. The special reservoir is designed to induce anomalous decoherence, resulting in an inverse power law relaxation, of power 3/2, over an evaluated long time scale. If compared to the exponential-like relaxation obtained from the original Jaynes-Cummings model for Lorentzian-type spectral density functions, decoherence is strongly suppressed. The special reservoir exhibits an upper band edge frequency coinciding with the qubit transition frequency. Known theoretical models of photonic band gap media suitable for the realization of the designed reservoir are proposed.
A reservoir for inverse power law decoherence of a qubit
Giraldi, Filippo
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The exact dynamics of a Jaynes-Cummings model for a qubit interacting with a continuous distribution of bosons, characterized by a special form of the spectral density, is evaluated analytically. The special reservoir is designed to induce anomalous decoherence, resulting in an inverse power law relaxation, of power $3/2$, over an evaluated long time scale. If compared to the exponential-like relaxation obtained from the original Jaynes-Cummings model for Lorentzian-type spectral density functions, decoherence is strongly suppressed. The special reservoir exhibits an upper band edge frequency coinciding with the qubit transition frequency. Known theoretical models of photonic band gap media suitable for the realization of the designed reservoir are proposed.
Inversions in astronomy and the SOLA method
F. P. Pijpers
1995-06-14T23:59:59.000Z
This paper was presented at the Institute for Mathematics and its Applications workshop "Inverse problems in wave propagation" and will appear in the series IMA volumes (Springer). A brief overview of applications of inversions within astronomy is presented and also an inventory of techniques commonly in use. Most of this paper is focussed on the method of Subtractive Optimally Localized Averages (SOLA) which is an adaptation of the Backus and Gilbert method. This method was originally developed for use in helioseismology where the Backus and Gilbert method is computationally too slow. Since then it has also been applied to the problem of reverberation mapping of active galactic nuclei and the differences between this inverse problem and the ones of helioseismology are also discussed.
Error handling strategies in multiphase inverse modeling
Finsterle, S.; Zhang, Y.
2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Parameter estimation by inverse modeling involves the repeated evaluation of a function of residuals. These residuals represent both errors in the model and errors in the data. In practical applications of inverse modeling of multiphase flow and transport, the error structure of the final residuals often significantly deviates from the statistical assumptions that underlie standard maximum likelihood estimation using the least-squares method. Large random or systematic errors are likely to lead to convergence problems, biased parameter estimates, misleading uncertainty measures, or poor predictive capabilities of the calibrated model. The multiphase inverse modeling code iTOUGH2 supports strategies that identify and mitigate the impact of systematic or non-normal error structures. We discuss these approaches and provide an overview of the error handling features implemented in iTOUGH2.
Lagaris, Isaac
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
on the solution of the one-dimensional single channel inverse scattering is proposed for the design of quantum; Inverse scattering 1. Introduction The inverse scattering problem on the line [14] was the subject scattering techniques in one dimension has been made despite their huge prospects in a variety of fields
Dynamic Behavior of Multiple Inversions Senior Thesis
Popovic, Jovan
Dynamic Behavior of Multiple Inversions Ilya Baran Senior Thesis Boston University Academy Under functions. To iterate a function means to compose it with itself multiple times. Unless stated otherwise, we a circle centered at O with radius r is a point A 0 on the ray \\Gamma! OA such that OA r = r OA 0 (see
2, 413445, 2008 Surface inversion on
Boyer, Edmond
variations in surface flow velocity and topography along a flow line on ice streams and ice sheets of spatial variations in basal topography and basal slipperiness on surface data can be accurately separatedTCD 2, 413445, 2008 Surface inversion on ice streams G. H. Gudmundsson and M. Raymond Title Page
Wavelet Decomposition Approaches to Statistical Inverse Problems
Abramovich, Felix
Wavelet Decomposition Approaches to Statistical Inverse Problems BY F. ABRAMOVICH Department alternative is the waveletÂvaguelette decomposition method, based on the expansion of the unknown in wavelet series. In the vagueletteÂwavelet decomposition method proposed here, the observed data are expanded
INVERSION FOR APPLIED GEOPHYSICS: A TUTORIAL
Oldenburg, Douglas W.
INVERSION FOR APPLIED GEOPHYSICS: A TUTORIAL Douglas W. Oldenburg* and Yaoguo Li** * UBC-Geophysical, V6T 1Z4 ** Department of Geophysics, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado, 80401 INTRODUCTION Throughout this book there are numerous cases where geophysics has been used to help solve practical
Inverse Problems for Fractional Diffusion Equations
Zuo, Lihua
2013-06-21T23:59:59.000Z
and preliminaries in Section 1 and 2, in the third section we consider our first inverse boundary problem. This is where an unknown boundary condition is to be determined from overposed data in a time- fractional diffusion equation. Based upon the fundamental...
Focusing Inversion of Electroencephalography and Magnetoencephalography Data
Utah, University of
or magnetic #12;eld recorded outside of the head. In this paper, we present a new minimization technique to the inverse bioelectric and biomagnetic #12;eld problems are functional brain studies and clinical diagnosis of neural disease, such as epilepsy. In functional brain studies, sensory signals stimulate the subject
Approximating Human Reaching Volumes Using Inverse Kinematics
Rodríguez, Inmaculada
of reach: standing reach, which is useful in computer animation where virtual humans have to interact. Introduction Virtual Humans are a valuable medium for gaining knowledge and understanding about the human bodyApproximating Human Reaching Volumes Using Inverse Kinematics I. Rodrígueza , M. Peinadoa , R
Inverse Modeling for Coastal Seawater Intrusion
PolitÃ¨cnica de Catalunya, Universitat
, USA) #12;INTRODUCTION Â· Inverse modeling Â standard tool for groundwater modeling Â uncommonD3D.1 Â 2D and 3D finite-element code for simulating variable-density groundwater problems Â· UCODE 3 and given time (i.e. at one observation location) on one of the parameters in the groundwater model
The inverse problems of wing panel manufacture processes
Oleinikov, A. I., E-mail: a.i.oleinikov@mail.ru [Komsomolsk-on-Amur State Technical University, Lenina prospect 27, Komsomolsk-on-Amur, 681013, Russian Federation, and Institute of Machinery and Metallurgy Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Metallurgov Street 1, Komsomolsk-on-Am (Russian Federation); Bormotin, K. S., E-mail: cvmi@knastu.ru [Komsomolsk-on-Amur State Technical University, Lenina prospect 27, Komsomolsk-on-Amur, 681013, Russian Federation (Russian Federation)
2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z
It is shown that inverse problems of steady-state creep bending of plates in both the geometrically linear and nonlinear formulations can be represented in a variational formulation. Steady-state values of the obtained functionals corresponding to the solutions of the problems of inelastic deformation and springback are determined by applying a finite element procedure to the functionals. Optimal laws of creep deformation are formulated using the criterion of minimizing damage in the functionals of the inverse problems. The formulated problems are reduced to the problems solved by the finite element method using MSC.Marc software. Currently, forming of light metals poses tremendous challenges due to their low ductility at room temperature and their unusual deformation characteristics at hot-cold work: strong asymmetry between tensile and compressive behavior, and a very pronounced anisotropy. We used the constitutive models of steady-state creep of initially transverse isotropy structural materials the kind of the stress state has influence. The paper gives basics of the developed computer-aided system of design, modeling, and electronic simulation targeting the processes of manufacture of wing integral panels. The modeling results can be used to calculate the die tooling, determine the panel processibility, and control panel rejection in the course of forming.
Inverse modeling of partitioning interwell tracer tests: A streamline approach
Datta-Gupta, Akhil
computations, inverse modeling 1. Introduction [2] It is recognized that the presence of nonaqueous phaseInverse modeling of partitioning interwell tracer tests: A streamline approach Akhil Datta orders of magnitude. INDEX TERMS: 1832 Hydrology: Groundwater transport; 1829 Hydrology: Groundwater
Subject Inversion in French. The Limits of Information Structure
Boyer, Edmond
Marie Lit. the book that has written Marie b. Presentative inversion [pres-inv]: Alors entra un soldat
Inverse time-of-flight spectrometer for beam plasma research
Yushkov, Yu. G., E-mail: yuyushkov@gmail.com; Zolotukhin, D. B.; Tyunkov, A. V. [Tomsk State University of Control Systems and Radioelectronics, 40 Lenin Ave., Tomsk 634050 (Russian Federation); Oks, E. M. [Tomsk State University of Control Systems and Radioelectronics, 40 Lenin Ave., Tomsk 634050 (Russian Federation); Institute of High Current Electronics SB RAS, 2/3, Akademichesky Ave., Tomsk 634055 (Russian Federation); Savkin, K. P. [Institute of High Current Electronics SB RAS, 2/3, Akademichesky Ave., Tomsk 634055 (Russian Federation)
2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
The paper describes the design and principle of operation of an inverse time-of-flight spectrometer for research in the plasma produced by an electron beam in the forevacuum pressure range (5–20 Pa). In the spectrometer, the deflecting plates as well as the drift tube and the primary ion beam measuring system are at high potential with respect to ground. This provides the possibility to measure the mass-charge constitution of the plasma created by a continuous electron beam with a current of up to 300 mA and electron energy of up to 20 keV at forevacuum pressures in the chamber placed at ground potential. Research results on the mass-charge state of the beam plasma are presented and analyzed.
Fractal Inverse Problem: Approximation Formulation and Differential Methods
GuÃ©rin, Eric
Fractal Inverse Problem: Approximation Formulation and Differential Methods Â´Eric GuÂ´erin1 Introduction 1.1 Fractal Inverse Problem The fractal inverse problem is an important research area with a great number of potential application fields. It consists in finding a fractal model or code that generates
Parallel matrix inversion for the revised simplex method -A study
Hall, Julian
Parallel matrix inversion for the revised simplex method - A study Julian Hall School of Mathematics University of Edinburgh June 15th 2006 Parallel matrix inversion for the revised simplex method - a study #12;Overview · Nature of the challenge of matrix inversion for the revised simplex method #12
Parallel matrix inversion for the revised simplex method -A study
Hall, Julian
Parallel matrix inversion for the revised simplex method - A study Julian Hall School of Mathematics University of Edinburgh June 15th 2006 Parallel matrix inversion for the revised simplex method - a study #12;Overview · Nature of the challenge of matrix inversion for the revised simplex method
Experimental Observation of Femtosecond Electron Beam Microbunching by Inverse
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Experimental Observation of Femtosecond Electron Beam Microbunching by Inverse FreeElectronLaser scale of ß 2.5 ¯m by an Inverse Free Electron Laser (IFEL) accelerator was observed. The optimum Cerenkov accelerator (ICA)[5], inverse free electron laser (IFEL) [6] and plasma laser accelerators [7, 8
LITHOLOGY-FLUID INVERSION FROM PRESTACK SEISMIC DATA
Eidsvik, Jo
LITHOLOGY-FLUID INVERSION FROM PRESTACK SEISMIC DATA MARIT ULVMOEN Department of Mathematical of the study is on lithology-fluid inversion from prestack seismic data in a 3D reservoir. The inversion relates the lithology-fluid classes to elastic variables and the seismic data, and it follows the lines
Equation of state and helioseismic inversions
Sarbani Basu; J. Christensen-Dalsgaard
1997-02-19T23:59:59.000Z
Inversions to determine the squared isothermal sound speed and density within the Sun often use the helium abundance Y as the second parameter. This requires the explicit use of the equation of state (EOS), thus potentially leading to systematic errors in the results if the equations of state of the reference model and the Sun are not the same. We demonstrate how this potential error can be suppressed. We also show that it is possible to invert for the intrinsic difference in the adiabatic exponent Gamma_1 between two equations of state. When applied to solar data such inversion rules out the EFF equation of state completely, while with existing data it is difficult to distinguish between other equations of state.
The Product Form of the Inverse
Ward, Everett Bascomb
1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
the equations as follows: 19 s(1) X2 = El A2, or 0 0 1 2 1 1 0 0 0 1 v = Lo, 3, 0], and E (&) 2 1 0 0 0 ? 0 1 3 I 0 0 1 the inverse A2 of the new matrix A2 is computed. as follows: A -1 Es(2)A -1 Es(2)Es(1) 2 2 1 2 1 or ? -1 A2 1 0 0 0 ? 0.... column vector v of the elementary matrix E 3 is given by the equation of (2, 16 i as v = [-l, p, 2j, 1 1 thus Es{3) 3 0 -1 1 1 0 1 2 Therefore, the inverse A of A is computed by the equation -1 of (2. 10) as follows: A-1 = A -1 ? Es( A -1 Es(3...
Regularity of mappings inverse to Sobolev mappings
Vodop'yanov, Sergei K [S.L. Sobolev Institute for Mathematics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)
2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z
For homeomorphisms {phi}:{Omega}{yields}{Omega}' on Euclidean domains in R{sup n}, n{>=}2, necessary and sufficient conditions ensuring that the inverse mapping belongs to a Sobolev class are investigated. The result obtained is used to describe a new two-index scale of homeomorphisms in some Sobolev class such that their inverses also form a two-index scale of mappings, in another Sobolev class. This scale involves quasiconformal mappings and also homeomorphisms in the Sobolev class W{sup 1}{sub n-1} such that rankD{phi}(x){<=}n-2 almost everywhere on the zero set of the Jacobian det D{phi}(x). Bibliography: 65 titles.
Seismic velocity inversion by differential semblance optimization
Gockenbach, M.; Symes, W.; Tapia, R.
1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
Differential Semblance Optimization (DSO) is a novel way of approaching certain inverse problems that arise in exploration seismology. The standard method of formulating these inverse problems -- Output Least-Squares (OLS) -- leads to a highly nonconvex objective function and therefore to a global optimization problem. The OLS problem can be rewritten as a partially linear least-squares problem with linear constraints, with the DSO objective function derived from the quadratic penalty function for this problem. It is shown that, because of the nature of the operators in this problem, the penalty function leads to a globalization procedure: for suitably small values of the penalty parameter, the global minimum of the DSO objective function can be found using local optimization techniques. There is then a path of minimizers, parameterized by the penalty constant, leading to the solution of the OLS problem.
Computationally efficient Bayesian inference for inverse problems.
Marzouk, Youssef M.; Najm, Habib N.; Rahn, Larry A.
2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
Bayesian statistics provides a foundation for inference from noisy and incomplete data, a natural mechanism for regularization in the form of prior information, and a quantitative assessment of uncertainty in the inferred results. Inverse problems - representing indirect estimation of model parameters, inputs, or structural components - can be fruitfully cast in this framework. Complex and computationally intensive forward models arising in physical applications, however, can render a Bayesian approach prohibitive. This difficulty is compounded by high-dimensional model spaces, as when the unknown is a spatiotemporal field. We present new algorithmic developments for Bayesian inference in this context, showing strong connections with the forward propagation of uncertainty. In particular, we introduce a stochastic spectral formulation that dramatically accelerates the Bayesian solution of inverse problems via rapid evaluation of a surrogate posterior. We also explore dimensionality reduction for the inference of spatiotemporal fields, using truncated spectral representations of Gaussian process priors. These new approaches are demonstrated on scalar transport problems arising in contaminant source inversion and in the inference of inhomogeneous material or transport properties. We also present a Bayesian framework for parameter estimation in stochastic models, where intrinsic stochasticity may be intermingled with observational noise. Evaluation of a likelihood function may not be analytically tractable in these cases, and thus several alternative Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) schemes, operating on the product space of the observations and the parameters, are introduced.
Inverse hydrochemical models of aqueous extracts tests
Zheng, L.; Samper, J.; Montenegro, L.
2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
Aqueous extract test is a laboratory technique commonly used to measure the amount of soluble salts of a soil sample after adding a known mass of distilled water. Measured aqueous extract data have to be re-interpreted in order to infer porewater chemical composition of the sample because porewater chemistry changes significantly due to dilution and chemical reactions which take place during extraction. Here we present an inverse hydrochemical model to estimate porewater chemical composition from measured water content, aqueous extract, and mineralogical data. The model accounts for acid-base, redox, aqueous complexation, mineral dissolution/precipitation, gas dissolution/ex-solution, cation exchange and surface complexation reactions, of which are assumed to take place at local equilibrium. It has been solved with INVERSE-CORE{sup 2D} and been tested with bentonite samples taken from FEBEX (Full-scale Engineered Barrier EXperiment) in situ test. The inverse model reproduces most of the measured aqueous data except bicarbonate and provides an effective, flexible and comprehensive method to estimate porewater chemical composition of clays. Main uncertainties are related to kinetic calcite dissolution and variations in CO2(g) pressure.
Use of the Inverse Approach for the Manufacture and Decoration of Food Cans
Duffett, G.A.; Forgas, A.; Neamtu, L. [Quantech ATZ, Barcelona (Spain); Naceur, H.; Batoz, J.L.; Guo, Y.Q. [Divergent Consultants, Centre de Transfert, Compiegne (France)
2005-08-05T23:59:59.000Z
Innovation is a key objective in the metal packaging industry in order to produce new concepts, designs, shapes and printing. Simulation technology now allows both the can design as well as the manufacturing process to be carefully analysed before any physical prototypes or dies have been manufactured. These simulations are traditionally carried out using incremental simulation methodologies. However, much information may also be attained by using the inverse approach: the initial blank format for the can body as well as its lid may be optimised much faster, the actual decoration of the can may be evaluated and even calculated when deformation printing techniques are utilised. This paper presents some of the technical details relating to the inverse approach employed in Stampack to carry out simulations important for the manufacture of food cans that are shown via industrial.
Kent, B.; Garvey, C.J.; Cookson, D.; Bryant, G.; (Aust.Synch.); (ANSTO); (RMIT)
2009-01-05T23:59:59.000Z
The inverse hexagonal to inverse ribbon phase transition in a mixed phosphatidylcholine-phosphatidylethanolamine system at low hydration is studied using small and wide angle X-ray scattering. It is found that the structural parameters of the inverse hexagonal phase are independent of temperature. By contrast the length of each ribbon of the inverse ribbon phase increases continuously with decreasing temperature over a range of 50 C. At low temperatures the inverse ribbon phase is observed to have a transition to a gel lamellar phase, with no intermediate fluid lamellar phase. This phase transition is confirmed by differential scanning calorimetry.
Elber, Ron
A brief description of the protein-folding and inverse-folding problems is provided. Design of energy are applied to estimate the sequence capacity of all known protein folds, and to compute the evolutionary for recognition of protein folds, and conclude with an application to protein evolution, studying the sequence
Our On-Its-Head-and-In-Your-Dreams Approach Leads to Clean Energy
Kazmerski, Lawrence; Gwinner, Don; Hicks, Al
2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z
Representing the Center for Inverse Design (CID), this document is one of the entries in the Ten Hundred and One Word Challenge. As part of the challenge, the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers were invited to represent their science in images, cartoons, photos, words and original paintings, but any descriptions or words could only use the 1000 most commonly used words in the English language, with the addition of one word important to each of the EFRCs and the mission of DOE: energy. The mission of the CID is to revolutionize the discovery of new materials by design with tailored properties through the development and application of a novel inverse design approach powered by theory guiding experiment with an initial focus on solar energy conversion.
Photonic Design: From Fundamental Solar Cell Physics to Computational Inverse Design
Miller, Owen Dennis
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
to increase the photovoltaic efficiency by capturing sub-between photovoltaic quantum efficiency and electrolu-Nozik, “Solar conversion efficiency of photovoltaic and pho-
Photonic Design: From Fundamental Solar Cell Physics to Computational Inverse Design
Miller, Owen Dennis
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Surface Textures for Sub-Wavelength Solar Cells 7.1 Problemhigh-efficiency III-V cells,” Solar Cells, vol. 30, pp. 337–Limit 4 Analysis of next-generation solar cells 4.1 Carrier
Photonic Design: From Fundamental Solar Cell Physics to Computational Inverse Design
Miller, Owen Dennis
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
efficiency tables (Version 39),” Progress in Photovoltaics:efficiency tables (Version 36),” Progress in Photovoltaics:efficiency tables (Version 31),” Progress in Photovoltaics:
Photonic Design: From Fundamental Solar Cell Physics to Computational Inverse Design
Miller, Owen Dennis
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of state-of-the-art photovoltaic cells,” Progress ineffective way. Photovoltaic cells are the most promisingthe absorptivity of photovoltaic cell: the material absorp-
Photonic Design: From Fundamental Solar Cell Physics to Computational Inverse Design
Miller, Owen Dennis
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
V OC ), and (b) short-circuit current (J SC ), as a functionalmost the same short-circuit current as the other twoV OC , but not on short-circuit current, J SC , for a 3µm
Photonic Design: From Fundamental Solar Cell Physics to Computational Inverse Design
Miller, Owen Dennis
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Niels Bohr The power output of a solar cell is given by itssolar cell is determined entirely by those two factors. However, the power output
Center for Inverse Design: Modality 2 - Design of Materials with Targeted
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced. C o w l i t z C o .FornlA SeriesNanocrystalNewsMPA-CINT
Importance of Elevation and Temperature Inversions for the Interpretat...
Importance of Elevation and Temperature Inversions for the Interpretation of Thermal Infrared Satellite Images Used in Geothermal Exploration Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI...
Advanced Imaging and Ultra-fast Material Probing With Inverse...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Imaging and Ultra-fast Material Probing With Inverse Compton Scattering A proposal to the Brookhaven Accelerator Test Facility Gerard Andonian, Alberto Bacci, Ubaldo...
A Target-Oriented Magnetotelluric Inversion Approach For Characterizin...
to establish an in situ laboratory to investigate the potential for geothermal energy production. Classical 2-D smooth inversion of the MT data, recorded along two profiles,...
High Gradient Inverse Free Electron Laser (IFEL) Accelerator
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Gradient High energy gain Inverse Free Electron Laser P. Musumeci UCLA Department of Physics and Astronomy On Behalf of the RUBICON collaboration ATF user meeting, BNL, October 6...
Three-Dimensional Inversion of Magnetotelluric Data on a PC,...
Coso Geothermal Field Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Proceedings: Three-Dimensional Inversion of Magnetotelluric Data on a PC,...
Joint inversion of electrical and seismic data for Fracture char...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Joint inversion of electrical and seismic data for Fracture char. and Imaging of Fluid Flow in Geothermal Systems Michael Batzle, PI Colorado School of Mines Track Name: Fluid...
Potential inversion with subbarrier fusion data revisited
K. Hagino; Y. Watanabe
2007-06-18T23:59:59.000Z
We invert experimental data for heavy-ion fusion reactions at energies well below the Coulomb barrier in order to directly determine the internucleus potential between the colliding nuclei. In contrast to the previous applications of the inversion formula, we explicitly take into account the effect of channel couplings on fusion reactions, by assuming that fusion cross sections at deep subbarrier energies are governed by the lowest barrier in the barrier distribution. We apply this procedure to the $^{16}$O +$^{144}$Sm and $^{16}$O +$^{208}$Pb reactions, and find that the inverted internucleus potential are much thicker than phenomenological potentials. A relation to the steep fall-off phenomenon of fusion cross sections recently found at deep subbarrier energies is also discussed.
Supersymmetric inversion of effective-range expansions
Bikashkali Midya; Jérémie Evrard; Sylvain Abramowicz; O. L. Ramírez Suárez; Jean-Marc Sparenberg
2015-05-26T23:59:59.000Z
A complete and consistent inversion technique is proposed to derive an accurate interaction potential from an effective-range function for a given partial wave in the neutral case. First, the effective-range function is Taylor or Pad\\'e expanded, which allows high precision fitting of the experimental scattering phase shifts with a minimal number of parameters on a large energy range. Second, the corresponding poles of the scattering matrix are extracted in the complex wave-number plane. Third, the interaction potential is constructed with supersymmetric transformations of the radial Schr\\"odinger equation. As an illustration, the method is applied to the experimental phase shifts of the neutron-proton elastic scattering in the $^1S_0$ and $^1D_2$ channels on the $[0-350]$ MeV laboratory energy interval.
Supersymmetric inversion of effective-range expansions
Midya, Bikashkali; Abramowicz, Sylvain; Suárez, O L Ramírez; Sparenberg, Jean-Marc
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A complete and consistent inversion technique is proposed to derive an accurate interaction potential from an effective-range function for a given partial wave in the neutral case. First, the effective-range function is Taylor or Pad\\'e expanded, which allows high precision fitting of the experimental scattering phase shifts with a minimal number of parameters on a large energy range. Second, the corresponding poles of the scattering matrix are extracted in the complex wave-number plane. Third, the interaction potential is constructed with supersymmetric transformations of the radial Schr\\"odinger equation. As an illustration, the method is applied to the experimental phase shifts of the neutron-proton elastic scattering in the $^1S_0$ and $^1D_2$ channels on the $[0-350]$ MeV laboratory energy interval.
Supersymmetric inversion of effective-range expansions
Bikashkali Midya; Jérémie Evrard; Sylvain Abramowicz; O. L. Ramírez Suárez; Jean-Marc Sparenberg
2015-01-16T23:59:59.000Z
A complete and consistent inversion technique is proposed to derive an accurate interaction potential from an effective-range function for a given partial wave in the neutral case. First, the effective-range function is Taylor or Pad\\'e expanded, which allows high precision fitting of the experimental scattering phase shifts with a minimal number of parameters on a large energy range. Second, the corresponding poles of the scattering matrix are extracted in the complex wave-number plane. Third, the interaction potential is constructed with supersymmetric transformations of the radial Schr\\"odinger equation. As an illustration, the method is applied to the experimental phase shifts of the neutron-proton elastic scattering in the $^1S_0$ and $^1D_2$ channels on the $[0-350]$ MeV laboratory energy interval.
Inverse Vernier Effects in Coupled Lasers
Ge, Li
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this report we study the Vernier effect in coupled laser systems consisting of two cavities. We show that depending on the nature of their coupling, not only can the "supermodes" formed at the overlapping resonances of the coupled cavities have the lowest thresholds and lase first as previously suggested, leading to a manifestation of the typical Vernier effect now in an active system; these supermodes can also have increased thresholds and are hence suppressed, which can be viewed as an inverse Vernier effect. We attribute this effect to detuning-dependent Q-spoiling, and it can lead to an increased free spectrum range and possibly single-mode lasing, which may explain the experimental findings of several previous work. We illustrate this effect using two coupled micro-ring cavities and a micro-ring cavity coupled to a slab cavity, and we discuss its relation to the existence of exceptional points in coupled lasers.
Optical Aharonov-Bohm effect: an inverse hyperbolic problems approach
Gregory Eskin
2007-10-18T23:59:59.000Z
We describe the general setting for the optical Aharonov-Bohm effect based on the inverse problem of the identification of the coefficients of the governing hyperbolic equation by the boundary measurements. We interpret the inverse problem result as a possibility in principle to detect the optical Aharonov-Bohm effect by the boundary measurements.
Constrained Inverse Volume Rendering for Planetary Nebulae Marcus Magnor
Utah, University of
Inverse Volume Rendering I.4.m [Image Processing and Computer Vision]: Miscellaneous--Volumetric Modeling that we are observing 2D projections of 3D volumes of glowing gas, the actual spatial struc- ture of PNeConstrained Inverse Volume Rendering for Planetary Nebulae Marcus Magnor MPI Informatik, Germany
Anomalous Phase Inversion in Polymer Blends Prepared by Cryogenic Mechanical
, as well as interpenetrating and bicontinu- ous networks.7,8 Phase inversion occurs when the mi- norityAnomalous Phase Inversion in Polymer Blends Prepared by Cryogenic Mechanical Alloying Archie P strategies for producing highly dis- persed multicomponent polymer blends. By their very nature
Wavelet based inversion of gravity data Fabio Boschetti
Boschetti, Fabio
1 Wavelet based inversion of gravity data Fabio Boschetti CSIRO Exploration & Mining and Australian Running Heading: Wavelet based inversion of gravity data #12;2 ABSTRACT The Green's function of the Poisson equation, and its spatial derivatives, lead to a family of wavelets specifically tailored
Inverse Modelling in Geology by Interactive Evolutionary Computation
Boschetti, Fabio
Inverse Modelling in Geology by Interactive Evolutionary Computation Chris Wijns a,b,, Fabio of geological processes, in the absence of established numerical criteria to act as inversion targets, requires evolutionary computation provides for the inclusion of qualitative geological expertise within a rigorous
Inversed Temperature Dependence Aware Clock Skew Scheduling for Sequential
Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar
Inversed Temperature Dependence Aware Clock Skew Scheduling for Sequential Circuits Jieyi Long}@eecs.northwestern.edu Abstract -- We present an Inversed Temperature Dependence (ITD) aware clock skew scheduling framework, we propose an algorithm for synergistic temperature aware clock skew scheduling and dual
Hyperparameter estimation for uncertainty quantification in mesoscale carbon dioxide inversions
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Hyperparameter estimation for uncertainty quantification in mesoscale carbon dioxide inversions-validation (GCV) and x2 test are compared for the first time under a realistic setting in a mesoscale CO2 estimation, uncertainty quantification, mesoscale carbon dioxide inversions 1. Introduction The atmosphere
THE FUKUSHIMA INVERSE PROBLEM Marta Martinez-Camara, Ivan Dokmanic,
Vetterli, Martin
THE FUKUSHIMA INVERSE PROBLEM Marta Martinez-Camara, Ivan Dokmani´c, Juri Ranieri, Robin Scheibler material was released from Fukushima in March 2011 is crucial to understand the scope of the consequences regular- ization that solves the Fukushima inverse problem blindly. Together with the atmospheric
Lithology-Fluid Inversion based on Prestack Seismic Data
Eidsvik, Jo
Lithology-Fluid Inversion based on Prestack Seismic Data Marit Ulvmoen Summary The focus of the study is on lithology-fluid inversion from prestack seismic data. The target zone is a 3D reservoir model. The likelihood model relates the lithology-fluid classes to elastic variables and the seismic
Computationally Efficient Regularized Inversion for Highly Parameterized MODFLOW Models
Barrash, Warren
. INTRODUCTION The inverse problem in groundwater modeling is generally ill-posed and non-unique. The typical geological heterogeneity has not been possible in common groundwater modeling practice. The principal reasons-Marquardt methods, and (3) lack of experience within the groundwater modeling community with regularized inversion
INVERSE SCATTERING PROBLEMS WITH MULTI-FREQUENCIES ...
2015-01-25T23:59:59.000Z
as location, geometry, or material property, from knowledge of the scattered field ... areas such as radar and sonar (e.g., stealth aircraft design and submarine ...
Membrane filtration studies of inversely soluble model metalworking fluids
Misra, S.K.; Skoeld, R.O. [Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Gothenburg (Sweden)] [Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Gothenburg (Sweden)
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Model metalworking fluids, characterized by phase separation of functional components at elevated temperatures, were studied. Results of membrane filtration experiments with three oils of differing chemical nature confirm the feasibility of specific removal of finely dispersed contaminant oils without the simultaneous loss of active components from adequately formulated fluids. Prerequisites are that membrane materials and pore sizes be suitably chosen and that operating temperatures be kept below the cloud point of the least soluble component. The most suitable filter in the present study was a hydrophilic regenerated cellulose membrane with a NMWL of 100,000 dalton. Complete oil removal was attained if membrane pore sizes did not exceed 0.1 {micro}m. It was also found that intrinsically water-soluble boundary lubricants of the polyglycol ether type are retained by membranes in the presence of PPG-1800, which serves as a precipitation promoter above the cloud point. This is of considerable practical importance since it offers the possibility of designing water-soluble boundary lubrication and extreme pressure additives which are activated by the presence of an inversely soluble component above its cloud point. The latter compound also acts as the principal hydrodynamic lubricant of the present model formulations. The usefulness of a new analytical tool for the rapid acquisition and imaging of data pertinent to changes in molecular aggregation and phase conditions was demonstrated.
Adaptive dynamic inversion of nonlinear systems subjected to control saturation constraints
Tandale, Monish Deepak
2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z
The adaptive dynamic inversion control methodology uses dynamic inversion to calculate the control, and adaptation to compensate for the errors in the inversion due to model uncertainties. Traditionally, adaptive control assumes full authority...
Inversion of TEM sounding data using the steepest descent and the conjugate gradients methods
Alsabti, Abdallah S
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this study, the inversion of TEM sounding is investigated. I solved the over-determined and the under-determined inversion problems using the steepest descent and the conjugate gradients methods. The study depends on results from the inversion...
Sunspot umbra atmosphere from full Stokes inversion
Wenzel, R; Fluri, D M; Arnaud, J; Sainz-Dalda, A
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Sunspots are prominent manifestations of the solar cycle and provide key constraints for understanding its operation. Also, knowing internal structure of sunspots allows us to gain insights on the energy transport in strong magnetic fields and, thus, on the processes inside the convection zone, where solar magnetic fields are generated and amplified before emerging at the surface on various scales, even during solar minima. In this paper, we present results of a spectropolarimetric analysis of a sunspot observed during the declining phase of the solar cycle 23. By inversion of full Stokes spectra observed in several spectral regions in the optical at the THEMIS facility we infer the height dependence of physical quantities such as the temperature and the magnetic field strength for different sunspot regions. The simultaneous use of atomic (Fe{\\sc i} 5250.2 and 5250.6 \\AA) and highly temperature sensitive molecular (TiO 7055 \\AA and MgH 5200 \\AA) lines allow us to improve a model of the sunspot umbra.
Conceptual aircraft dynamics from inverse aircraft modeling
Ziegler, Gregory E
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis presents a method of construe' ting a nonlinear dynamics model of a theoretical aircraft from the nonlinear batch simulation of an existing aircrew This method provides control law designers with a method of fabricating nonlinear models...
Moho topography beneath the Corinth Rift area (Greece) from inversion of gravity data
Demouchy, Sylvie
Moho topography beneath the Corinth Rift area (Greece) from inversion of gravity data C. Tiberi,1 to Miocene lithospheric instabilities. Key words: boudinage, continental rifts, gravity inversion, Greece
Time-lapse Joint Inversion of Geophysical Data and its Applications...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Time-lapse Joint Inversion of Geophysical Data and its Applications to Geothermal Prospecting Time-lapse Joint Inversion of Geophysical Data and its Applications to Geothermal...
Inverse Cascade Regime in Shell Models of 2-Dimensional Turbulence
Thomas Gilbert; Victor S. L'vov; Anna Pomyalov; Itamar Procaccia
2002-01-13T23:59:59.000Z
We consider shell models that display an inverse energy cascade similar to 2-dimensional turbulence (together with a direct cascade of an enstrophy-like invariant). Previous attempts to construct such models ended negatively, stating that shell models give rise to a "quasi-equilibrium" situation with equipartition of the energy among the shells. We show analytically that the quasi-equilibrium state predicts its own disappearance upon changing the model parameters in favor of the establishment of an inverse cascade regime with K41 scaling. The latter regime is found where predicted, offering a useful model to study inverse cascades.
Three-dimensional geologic structures from inversion of gravity anomalies
Hinson, Charles Alvin
1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
. Parameters used were: Zo=7 km, R=l gm/cm , fr=0. 09 km-', fz=0. 125 km iterations=6 and final rms difference was 7. 6 10-4 km. . 42 12 Inversion Model 1. Parameters used were p = 0. 1 gm/cms, zo = 5. 4 km, f& = 0. 045 and fz = 0. 095. Contours... are in kilometers relative to sea level 56 13 Inversion Model 2. Parameters used were p = 0. 1 gm/cm zo = 5. 4 km, fq = 0. 001 and fz = 0. 002. Contours are in kilometers relative to sea level 58 14 Gravity difference between the anomaly produced by Inversion...
Mesh Puppetry: Cascading Optimization of Mesh Deformation with Inverse Kinematics
Desbrun, Mathieu
approach builds upon traditional rigging by optimizing skeleton position and vertex weights. Keywords: Mesh deformation, nonlinear optimization, inverse kinematics, geometry processing. 1 Introduction. To allow for more global and complex deforma- tion, many authors proposed to cast mesh deformation
Engineering the initial state in broadband population inversion
Bo Y. Chang; Sheokmin Shin; Ignacio R. Sola
2015-03-03T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum systems with sublevel structures prevent full population inversion from one manifold of sublevels to the other using strong ultrafast resonant pulses. In this work we explain the mechanism by which this population transfer is blocked. We then develop a novel concept of geometric control, assuming full or partial coherent manipulation within the manifolds and show that by preparing specific coherent superpositions in the initial manifold, full population inversion or full population blockade, {\\it i.e} laser-induced transparency, can be achieved. In particular, by parallel population transfer we show how population inversion between the manifolds can be obtained with minimal pulse area. As the number of sublevels increases, population inversion can overcome the pulse area theorem at the expense of full control over the initial manifold of sublevels.
Nonlinear Adaptive Dynamic Inversion Control for Hypersonic Vehicles
Rollins, Elizabeth
2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z
-of-attack and sideslip angle. To prevent undesirable inlet unstart events, the nonlinear adaptive dynamic inversion control architecture is given the ability to enforce state constraints. Because several phenomena can cause inlet unstarts, the control architecture also...
LINEARIZING NON-LINEAR INVERSE PROBLEMS AND AN ...
to show uniqueness and Hölder stability for the inverse backscattering ...... that if we replace uT by u on the r.h.s. above, we get the “distorted harmonic wave”.
Microsoft PowerPoint - High Gradient Inverse Free Electron Laser...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Hi h G di t Hi h i High Gradient High energy gain Inverse Free Electron Laser at BNL P. Musumeci UCLA Department of Physics and Astronomy ATF user meeting April 2-3 2009 Outline...
Strategies for Spectral Profile Inversion using Artificial Neural Networks
H. Socas-Navarro
2004-10-23T23:59:59.000Z
This paper explores three different strategies for the inversion of spectral lines (and their Stokes profiles) using artificial neural networks. It is shown that a straightforward approach in which the network is trained with synthetic spectra from a simplified model leads to considerable errors in the inversion of real observations. This problem can be overcome in at least two different ways that are studied here in detail. The first method makes use of an additional pre-processing auto-associative neural network to project the observed profile into the theoretical model subspace. The second method considers a suitable regularization of the neural network used for the inversion. These new techniques are shown to be robust and reliable when applied to the inversion of both synthetic and observed data, with errors typically below $\\sim$100 G.
Modeling and inversion of self-potential data
Minsley, Burke J
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation presents data processing techniques relevant to the acquisition, modeling, and inversion of self-potential data. The primary goal is to facilitate the interpretation of self-potentials in terms of the ...
The Focused Inverse Method for Linear Logic Kaustuv Chaudhuri
Chaudhuri, Kaustuv
The Focused Inverse Method for Linear Logic Kaustuv Chaudhuri CMU-CS-06-162 December 4, 2006 Mellon University, or any other entity. Copyright c 2006 Kaustuv Chaudhuri #12;Abstract Linear logic
Inverse Optimization: An Application to the Capacitated Plant Location Problem
Bitran, Gabriel R.
Inverse optimization refers to the fact that each time a Lagrangean derived from a given mathematical programming problem is solved, it produces an optimal solution to some problem with a different right hand side. This ...
Tests of the Gravitational Inverse-Square Law
E. G. Adelberger; B. R. Heckel; A. E. Nelson
2003-07-22T23:59:59.000Z
We review recent experimental tests of the gravitational inverse-square law and the wide variety of theoretical considerations that suggest the law may break down in experimentally accessible regions.
COLLOQUIUM: Seismic Imaging and Inversion Based on Spectral-Element...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
February 6, 2013, 4:15pm to 5:30pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium COLLOQUIUM: Seismic Imaging and Inversion Based on Spectral-Element and Adjoint Methods Professor Jeroen Tromp Princeton...
Scaling and Inverse Scaling in Anisotropic Bootstrap percolation
Aernout C. D. van Enter
2015-02-03T23:59:59.000Z
In bootstrap percolation it is known that the critical percolation threshold tends to converge slowly to zero with increasing system size, or, inversely, the critical size diverges fast when the percolation probability goes to zero. To obtain higher-order terms (that is, sharp and sharper thresholds) for the percolation threshold in general is a hard question. In the case of two-dimensional anisotropic models, sometimes correction terms can be obtained from inversion in a relatively simple manner.
Maps and inverse maps in open quantum dynamics
Thomas F. Jordan
2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z
Two kinds of maps that describe evolution of states of a subsystem coming from dynamics described by a unitary operator for a larger system, maps defined for fixed mean values and maps defined for fixed correlations, are found to be quite different for the same unitary dynamics in the same situation in the larger system. An affine form is used for both kinds of maps to find necessary and sufficient conditions for inverse maps. All the different maps with the same homogeneous part in their affine forms have inverses if and only if the homogeneous part does. Some of these maps are completely positive; others are not, but the homogeneous part is always completely positive. The conditions for an inverse are the same for maps that are not completely positive as for maps that are. For maps defined for fixed mean values, the homogeneous part depends only on the unitary operator for the dynamics of the larger system, not on any state or mean values or correlations. Necessary and sufficient conditions for an inverse are stated several different ways: in terms of the maps of matrices, basis matrices, density matrices, or mean values. The inverse maps are generally not tied to the dynamics the way the maps forward are. A trace-preserving completely positive map that is unital can not have an inverse that is obtained from any dynamics described by any unitary operator for any states of a larger system.
Inverse problem for bremsstrahlung radiation K. E. Voss and N. J. Fisch
, an analytic inversion has been found that yields the velocity distribution of superthermal electrons given
Inversion of TEM sounding data using the steepest descent and the conjugate gradients methods
Alsabti, Abdallah S
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
-determined problem, the inversion for layer thicknesses proved to be very reliable. I suggested a strategy to use both inversion types in mapping horizontal layers. The under-determined problem was solved by a regularized inversion. A total of 48 inversion runs...
INVERSE SPECTRAL AND SCATTERING THEORY FOR THE HALF-LINE LEFT DEFINITE
INVERSE SPECTRAL AND SCATTERING THEORY FOR THE HALF-LINE LEFT DEFINITE STURM-LIOUVILLE PROBLEM C will prove some uniqueness results for inverse spec- tral theory and inverse scattering for the left definite is via the inverse spectral theory for the left definite problem, which also is not very well developed
Oldenburg, Douglas W.
this problem we design a methodology for inverting magnetic data for subsurface magnetization, as opposed to magnetic susceptibility. Our approach contains flexibility to obtain different types of magnetization3D magnetic inversion for total magnetization in areas with complicated remanence Peter G. Leli
On the computational complexity of sequence design problems
Hart, W.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Algorithms and Discrete Mathematics Dept.
1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
Inverse protein folding concerns the identification of an amino acid sequence that folds to a given structure. Sequence design problems attempt to avoid the apparent difficulty of inverse protein folding by defining an energy that can be minimized to find protein-like sequences. The authors evaluate the practical relevance of two sequence design problems by analyzing their computation complexity. They show that the canonical method of sequence design is intractable, and describe approximation algorithms for this problem. The authors also describe an efficient algorithm that exactly solves the grand canonical method. The analysis shows how sequence design problems can fail to reduce the difficulty of the inverse protein folding problem, and highlights the need to analyze these problems to evaluate their practical relevance.
On the computational complexity of sequence design problems
Hart, W.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Inverse protein folding concerns the identification of an amino acid sequence that folds to a given structure. Sequence design problems attempt to avoid the apparant difficulty of inverse protein folding by defining an energy that can be minimized to find protein-like sequences. We evaluate the practical relevance of two sequence design problems by analyzing their computational complexity. We show that the canonical method of sequence design is intractable and describe approximation algorithms for this problem. We also describe an efficient algorithm that exactly solves the grand canonical method. Our analysis shows how sequence design problems can fail to reduce the difficulty of the inverse protein folding problem and highlights the need to analyze these problems to evaluate their practical relevance. 10 refs., 8 figs.
Image Appraisal for 2D and 3D Electromagnetic Inversion
Alumbaugh, D.L.; Newman, G.A.
1999-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
Linearized methods are presented for appraising image resolution and parameter accuracy in images generated with two and three dimensional non-linear electromagnetic inversion schemes. When direct matrix inversion is employed, the model resolution and posterior model covariance matrices can be directly calculated. A method to examine how the horizontal and vertical resolution varies spatially within the electromagnetic property image is developed by examining the columns of the model resolution matrix. Plotting the square root of the diagonal of the model covariance matrix yields an estimate of how errors in the inversion process such as data noise and incorrect a priori assumptions about the imaged model map into parameter error. This type of image is shown to be useful in analyzing spatial variations in the image sensitivity to the data. A method is analyzed for statistically estimating the model covariance matrix when the conjugate gradient method is employed rather than a direct inversion technique (for example in 3D inversion). A method for calculating individual columns of the model resolution matrix using the conjugate gradient method is also developed. Examples of the image analysis techniques are provided on 2D and 3D synthetic cross well EM data sets, as well as a field data set collected at the Lost Hills Oil Field in Central California.
Temperature inversion in long-range interacting systems
Teles, Tarcisio N; Casetti, Lapo
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Temperature inversions occur in nature, e.g., in the solar corona and in interstellar molecular clouds: somewhat counterintuitively, denser parts of the system are colder than dilute ones. We propose a simple and appealing mechanism to spontaneously generate temperature inversions in systems with long-range interactions, by preparing them in inhomogeneous thermal equilibrium states and then applying an impulsive perturbation. In similar situations, short-range systems would typically relax to another thermal equilibrium, with uniform temperature profile. By contrast, in long-range systems, the interplay between wave-particle interaction and spatial inhomogeneity drives the system to nonequilibrium stationary states that generically exhibit temperature inversion. Our work underlines the crucial role the range of interparticle interaction plays in determining the nature of steady states attained when macroscopic systems are brought out of thermal equilibrium.
Parameterization of geophysical inversion model using particle clustering
Yang, Dikun
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents a new method of constructing physical models in a geophysical inverse problem, when there are only a few possible physical property values in the model and they are reasonably known but the geometry of the target is sought. The model consists of a fixed background and many small "particles" as building blocks that float around in the background to resemble the target by clustering. This approach contrasts the conventional geometric inversions requiring the target to be regularly shaped bodies, since here the geometry of the target can be arbitrary and does not need to be known beforehand. Because of the lack of resolution in the data, the particles may not necessarily cluster when recovering compact targets. A model norm, called distribution norm, is introduced to quantify the spread of particles and incorporated into the objective function to encourage further clustering of the particles. As proof of concept, 1D magnetotelluric inversion is used as example. My experiments reveal that the ...
Lepton Number Violation within the Conformal Inverse Seesaw
Humbert, Pascal; Patra, Sudhanwa; Smirnov, Juri
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a novel framework within the conformal inverse seesaw scheme allowing large lepton number violation while the neutrino mass formula is still governed by the low-scale inverse seesaw mechanism. This model includes new contributions to rare low-energy lepton number violating processes like neutrinoless double beta decay. We find that the lifetime for this rare process due to heavy sterile neutrinos can saturate current experimental limits. The characteristic collider signature of the present conformal inverse seesaw scheme includes, same-sign dilepton plus two jets and same-sign dilepton plus four jets. Finally, we comment on the testability of the model at the Large Hadron Collider since there are new scalars, new fermions and an extra neutral gauge boson with masses around few 100 GeV to few TeV.
Sideband generation of transient lasing without population inversion
Luqi Yuan; Da-Wei Wang; Christopher O'Brien; Anatoly A. Svidzinsky; Marlan O. Scully
2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z
We suggest a method to generate coherent short pulses by generating a frequency comb using lasing without inversion in the transient regime. We use a universal method to study the propagation of a pulse in various spectral regions through an active medium that is strongly driven on a low-frequency transition on a time scale shorter than the decoherence time. The results show gain on the sidebands at different modes can be produced even if there is no initial population inversion prepared. Besides the production of ultra-short pulse this frequency comb may have applications towards making short-wavelength or Tera-hertz lasers.
Goldman, S.P.; Chen, J.Z.; Battista, J.J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada); Department of Medical Biophysics and Department of Oncology, University of Western Ontario and London Regional Cancer Program, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario N6A 4L6 (Canada)
2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
A fast optimization algorithm is very important for inverse planning of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), and for adaptive radiotherapy of the future. Conventional numerical search algorithms such as the conjugate gradient search, with positive beam weight constraints, generally require numerous iterations and may produce suboptimal dose results due to trapping in local minima. A direct solution of the inverse problem using conventional quadratic objective functions without positive beam constraints is more efficient but will result in unrealistic negative beam weights. We present here a direct solution of the inverse problem that does not yield unphysical negative beam weights. The objective function for the optimization of a large number of beamlets is reformulated such that the optimization problem is reduced to a linear set of equations. The optimal set of intensities is found through a matrix inversion, and negative beamlet intensities are avoided without the need for externally imposed ad-hoc constraints. The method has been demonstrated with a test phantom and a few clinical radiotherapy cases, using primary dose calculations. We achieve highly conformal primary dose distributions with very rapid optimization times. Typical optimization times for a single anatomical slice (two dimensional) (head and neck) using a LAPACK matrix inversion routine in a single processor desktop computer, are: 0.03 s for 500 beamlets; 0.28 s for 1000 beamlets; 3.1 s for 2000 beamlets; and 12 s for 3000 beamlets. Clinical implementation will require the additional time of a one-time precomputation of scattered radiation for all beamlets, but will not impact the optimization speed. In conclusion, the new method provides a fast and robust technique to find a global minimum that yields excellent results for the inverse planning of IMRT.
Mesh Puppetry: Cascading Optimization of Mesh Deformation with Inverse Kinematics
Zhou, Kun
approach builds upon traditional rigging by optimizing skeleton position and vertex weights. Keywords: Mesh deformation, nonlinear optimization, inverse kinematics, geometry processing. 1 Introduction,mathieu}@caltech.edu Figure 1: Armadillo Olympics: The Armadillo model (top left) can be deformed to take various sport poses
Directional Wetting in Anisotropic Inverse Opals Katherine R. Phillips,
Aizenberg, Joanna
the nano- to microscale voids. Here, we investigate how liquid wetting in highly ordered inverse opals template of colloidal particles. This highly ordered structure acts as a photonic crystal, strongly or not a given liquid will fill the structure spontaneously upon contact. Using alkylchlorosi- lanes,18 silica
Inverse Marx modulators for self-biasing klystron depressed collectors
Kemp, Mark A. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (SLAC), Menlo Park, CA (United States)
2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z
A novel pulsed depressed collector biasing scheme is proposed. This topology feeds forward energy recovered during one RF pulse for use on the following RF pulse. The presented ''inverse'' Marx charges biasing capacitors in series, and discharges them in parallel. Simulations are shown along with experimental demonstration on a 62kW klystron.
The Laplace Transform 1 Laplace transform and inverse transform
Yengulalp, Lynne
The Laplace Transform Name: 1 Laplace transform and inverse transform Definition. Let f(t) be a function defined for t 0. Then the integral L {f(t)} = 0 e-st f(t)dt is said to be the Laplace transform of f provided the integral converges. Fill in the following Laplace transforms. L {tn } = L {eat } = L
Nuclear applications of inverse scattering, present ... and future?
R. S. Mackintosh
2005-10-03T23:59:59.000Z
There now exists a practical method (IP) for the routine inversion of $S$-matrix elements to produce the corresponding potential. It can be applied to spin-1/2 and spin-1 projectiles. We survey the ways that IP inversion can be applied in nuclear physics by inverting $S_{lj}$ derived from theory or from experiment. The IP inversion method can be extended to invert $S_{lj}(E)$ over a range of energies to produce a potential $V(r,E) + \\vect{l}\\vdot\\gvect{\\sigma} V_{\\rm ls}(r,E)$. It also yields parity-dependent potentials between pairs of light nuclei and can be convoluted with a direct search on the $S$-matrix to produce `direct data $\\to V$ inversion'. The last is an economical alternative form of optical model search to fit many observables (e.g. for polarized deuterons) for many energies, producing an energy-dependent potential with many parameters (e.g. $T_{\\rm R}$ for deuterons).
Humanoid Walking Robot: Modeling, Inverse Dynamics, and Gain Scheduling Control
Williams II, Robert L.
and Robert L. Williams II Department of Mechanical Engineering Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 Revised trajectories, recorded from real human walking cycle data. Kinematic and dynamic analysis is discussed. This analysis is accompanied by a comparison with available experimental data. Finally, an inverse plant
APPROXIMATE INVERSE PRECONDITIONING FOR THE CONJUGATE GRADIENT METHOD
Tùma, Miroslav
APPROXIMATE INVERSE PRECONDITIONING FOR THE CONJUGATE GRADIENT METHOD ON A VECTOR COMPUTER Michele definite matrix, by the preconditioned conjugate gradient method (PCG) (see, e.g., [4]). It is well of the conjugate gradient method reduces to computing a matrix vector product with G, an operation which offers
DISCRIMINATION AND CLASSIFICATION OF UXO USING MAGNETOMETRY: INVERSION AND ERROR
Sambridge, Malcolm
DISCRIMINATION AND CLASSIFICATION OF UXO USING MAGNETOMETRY: INVERSION AND ERROR ANALYSIS USING for the different solutions didn't even overlap. Introduction A discrimination and classification strategy ambiguity and possible remanent magnetization the recovered dipole moment is compared to a library
Inversion of Hydrological Tracer Test Data Using TomogrpahicConstraints
Linde, Niklas; Finsterle, Stefan; Hubbard, Susan
2004-11-11T23:59:59.000Z
A reasonable description of the hydraulic conductivity structure is a prerequisite for modeling contaminant transport. However, formulations of hydrogeological inverse problems utilizing hydrogeological data only often fail to reliably resolve features at a resolution required for accurately predicting transport. Incorporation of geophysical data into the inverse problem offers the potential to increase this resolution. In this study, we invert hydrological tracer test data using the shape and relative magnitude variations derived from geophysical tomographic data to regionalize a hydrogeological inverse problem in order to estimate the hydraulic conductivity structure. Our approach does not require that the petrophysical relationship be known a-priori, but that it is linear and stationary within each geophysical anomaly. However, tomograms are imperfect models of geophysical properties and geophysical properties are not necessarily strongly linked to hydraulic conductivity. Therefore, we focus on synthetic examples where the correlation between radar velocity and hydraulic conductivity, as well as the geophysical data acquisition errors, are varied in order to assess what aspects of the hydraulic conductivity structure we can expect to resolve under different conditions. The results indicate that regularization of the tracer inversion procedure using geophysical data improves estimates of hydraulic conductivity. We find that even under conditions of corrupted geophysical data, we can accurately estimate the effective hydraulic conductivity and areas of high and low hydraulic conductivity. However, given imperfect geophysical data, our results suggest that we cannot expect accurate estimates of the variability of the hydraulic conductivity structure.
Optimization Methods in Direct and Inverse Alexander G. Ramm1
Optimization Methods in Direct and Inverse Scattering Alexander G. Ramm1 and Semion Gutman2 1- mization problem, and solved by the Hybrid Stochastic-Deterministic minimization algorithm. A similar for the case of spherically symmetric potentials and fixed-energy phase shifts as the scattering data
On nonsingular potentials of Cox-Thompson inversion scheme
Tamas Palmai; Barnabas Apagyi
2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z
We establish a condition for obtaining nonsingular potentials using the Cox-Thompson inverse scattering method with one phase shift. The anomalous singularities of the potentials are avoided by maintaining unique solutions of the underlying Regge-Newton integral equation for the transformation kernel. As a by-product, new inequality sequences of zeros of Bessel functions are discovered.
The Inverse Kinetics Method and PID Compensation of the
The Inverse Kinetics Method and PID Compensation of the Annular Core Research Reactor by Benjamin Kinetics Method and PID Compensation of the Annular Core Research Reactor by Benjamin Garnas ABSTRACT Kinetics Method and PID Compensation of the Annular Core Research Reactor by Benjamin Garnas B.S. General
A family of inversion formulas in Thermoacoustic Tomography
Nguyen, Linh V
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a family of closed form inversion formulas in thermoacoustic tomography in the case of a constant sound speed. The formulas are presented in both time-domain and frequency-domain versions. As special cases, they imply most of the previously known filtered backprojection type formulas.
Shape Reconstruction of Inverse Medium Scattering for the ...
2011-11-03T23:59:59.000Z
In practice, it is convenient to reduce the problem to a bounded domain by ... The well-posedness of the direct scattering is proved, and important energy. 2 .... The proof is completed by combining (2.6) and (2.4). Remark 2.1. .... It is essential for the success and efficiency of the inverse obstacle scattering to have a good and.
Inverse diffusion from knowledge of power densities Guillaume Bal
Bal, Guillaume
asymptotic expansions and (Fourier) transformation, this allow us to construct the power density) provides access to the power density H(x) = (x)|u|2 (x) for all x inside the domain of interestInverse diffusion from knowledge of power densities Guillaume Bal , Eric Bonnetier , Fran
Nonlinear Fourier Analysis The Direct & Inverse Scattering Transforms
Christov, Ivan C.
Nonlinear Fourier Analysis The Direct & Inverse Scattering Transforms for the Kortewegde Vries by ONR/NRL funding. Nonlinear Fourier Analysis p.1/15 #12;Background & Introduction (I) 1895: Korteweg equations known as the Scattering Transform. Nonlinear Fourier Analysis p.2/15 #12;Background
Assessing streamaquifer interactions through inverse modeling of flow routing q
Szilagyi, Jozsef
Assessing streamÂaquifer interactions through inverse modeling of flow routing q Jozsef Szilagyi a and Nieber, 1977; Troch et al., 1993; Brutsaert and Lopez, 1998; Szilagyi et al., 1998; Par- lange et al., 2001; Szilagyi, 2003a). Knowledge of this inter- action between streamflow and groundwater during flood
INVERSION OF CONVERTED-WAVE SEISMIC DATA FOR RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION
INVERSION OF CONVERTED-WAVE SEISMIC DATA FOR RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AT RULISON FIELD, COLORADO Basin of northwest Colorado. The reservoir consists of lenticular fluvial sands, shales, and coals of magnitude lower than the seismic resolution which is 105 ft. The sandstone reservoirs are the primary target
Using Expert Knowledge in Solving the Seismic Inverse Problem ?
Ward, Karen
practical applications, it it important to solve the seismic inverse problem, i.e., to measure seismic exhausted. Even under the best conservation policies, there is (and there will be) a constant need to find that there are resources such as minerals at a certain location is to actually drill a borehole and analyze the materials
Interpreting Helioseismic Structure Inversion Results of Solar Active Regions
Chia-Hsien Lin; Sarbani Basu; Linghuai Li
2008-09-08T23:59:59.000Z
Helioseismic techniques such as ring-diagram analysis have often been used to determine the subsurface structural differences between solar active and quiet regions. Results obtained by inverting the frequency differences between the regions are usually interpreted as the sound-speed differences between them. These in turn are used as a measure of temperature and magnetic-field strength differences between the two regions. In this paper we first show that the "sound-speed" difference obtained from inversions is actually a combination of sound-speed difference and a magnetic component. Hence, the inversion result is not directly related to the thermal structure. Next, using solar models that include magnetic fields, we develop a formulation to use the inversion results to infer the differences in the magnetic and thermal structures between active and quiet regions. We then apply our technique to existing structure inversion results for different pairs of active and quiet regions. We find that the effect of magnetic fields is strongest in a shallow region above 0.985R_sun and that the strengths of magnetic-field effects at the surface and in the deeper (r < 0.98R_sun) layers are inversely related, i.e., the stronger the surface magnetic field the smaller the magnetic effects in the deeper layers, and vice versa. We also find that the magnetic effects in the deeper layers are the strongest in the quiet regions, consistent with the fact that these are basically regions with weakest magnetic fields at the surface. Because the quiet regions were selected to precede or follow their companion active regions, the results could have implications about the evolution of magnetic fields under active regions.
Inverse Process Analysis for the Acquisition of Thermophysical Data
Jay Frankel (UTK); Adrian Sabau (UTK)
2004-10-31T23:59:59.000Z
One of the main barriers in the analysis and design of materials processing and industrial applications is the lack of accurate experimental data on the thermophysical properties of materials. To date, the measurement of most of these high-temperature thermophysical properties has often been plagued by temperature lags that are inherent in measurement techniques. These lags can be accounted for with the appropriate mathematical models, reflecting the experimental apparatus and sample region, in order to deduce the desired measurement as a function of true sample temperature. Differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) measurements are routinely used to determine enthalpies of phase change, phase transition temperatures, glass transition temperatures, and heat capacities. In the aluminum, steel, and metal casting industries, predicting the formation of defects such as shrinkage voids, microporosity, and macrosegregation is limited by the data available on fraction solid and density evolution during solidification. Dilatometer measurements are routinely used to determine the density of a sample at various temperatures. An accurate determination of the thermophysical properties of materials is needed to achieve accuracy in the numerical simulations used to improve or design new material processes. In most of the instruments used to measure properties, the temperature is changed according to instrument controllers and there is a nonhomogeneous temperature distribution within the instrument. Additionally, the sample temperature cannot be measured directly: temperature data are collected from a thermocouple that is placed at a different location than that of the sample, thus introducing a time lag. The goal of this project was to extend the utility, quality and accuracy of two types of commercial instruments -a DSC and a dilatometer - used for thermophysical property measurements in high-temperature environments. In particular, the quantification of solid fraction and density during solidification was deemed of critical importance. To accomplish this project goal, we redesigned sample holders and developed inverse mathematical methods to account for system lags. The desired property could then be correlated to the proper sample temperature. For the NETZSCH DSC 404C instrument with a high-accuracy heat capacity sensor, a mathematical model was developed by assuming that each component was isothermal and that the heat transfer among components occurred by conduction and radiation. Model parameters included effective conduction time constants and radiation time constants. Several model cases were investigated to assess the effect of heat transfer interactions. New features that have not been considered in previous DSC models were included in the present study. These new features included (a) considering the sensor platform, (b) accounting for the heat loss through the stem, and (c) considering the lag between furnace temperature and set point temperature. Comparisons with experimental results showed that temperature lags in heat flux DSC instruments could be determined by performing a heat transfer analysis based on a comprehensive model. The proposed mathematical model yielded accurate results over a wide temperature range during heating and cooling regimes. The induced thermal lag in the Theta Industries dual push-rod horizontal dilatometer is apparent owing to the distance of the thermocouple from the actual sample. In a near steady-state mode of operation, this apparent problem is minimal. However, in a transient situation, where the density is varying as a function of time, the temperature output from the remote temperature sensor must be adjusted in order to reflect the sample temperature. The conventional push-rod dilatometer insert was modified significantly to allow an accurate correlation of the measured density to the predicted sample temperature of alloys in the phase-change regime. This new configuration made use of a standard furnace assembly; however, the specimen was symmetrically encased in a well-instrumented cylind
METAMODELS AS INPUT OF AN OPTIMIZATION ALGORITHM FOR SOLVING AN INVERSE EDDY CURRENT TESTING PROBLEM
Boyer, Edmond
METAMODELS AS INPUT OF AN OPTIMIZATION ALGORITHM FOR SOLVING AN INVERSE EDDY CURRENT TESTING-Curie, 91192 Gif-sur-Yvette, France Abstract A new mean of solution of eddy current testing (ECT) inverse
Inverse Compton scattering from plasma mirror experiment Hai-En Tsai, Joseph Shaw, Xiaoming Wang
Shvets, Gennady
Inverse Compton scattering from plasma mirror experiment Hai-En Tsai, Joseph Shaw, Xiaoming Wang 1 experiment, we tried to generate inverse Compton x-ray by reflecting driving pulse from plasma mirrors
Mesozoic tectonic inversion in the Neuquen Basin of west-central Argentina
Grimaldi Castro, Gabriel Orlando
2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z
Mesozoic tectonic inversion in the Neuquen Basin of west-central Argentina produced two main fault systems: (1) deep faults that affected basement and syn-rift strata where preexisting faults were selectively reactivated during inversion based...
Structural fabric of the Palisades Monocline: a study of positive inversion, Grand Canyon, Arizona
Orofino, James Cory
2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z
of positive inversion to test model results and improve understanding of inversion processes. The N40W 90 oriented Palisades fault underlying the monocline has experienced northeast-southwest Precambrian extension and subsequent northeastsouthwest Laramide...
An Inverse Finite Element Analysis and A Parametric Study of Small Punch Tests
Xu, Zhenzhen
2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
the effects of SPT parameters including friction coefficient, punch head diameter, sample thickness, specimen scale and boundary conditions. The proposed inverse finite element (FE) method improves the accuracy of existing inverse FE methods...
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Non-linear inversion modeling for Ultrasound Computer Tomography: transition from soft to hard Marseille cedex 20, France ABSTRACT Ultrasound Computer Tomography (UCT) is an imaging technique which has experiments. Keyword: Ultrasound Computer Tomography, Inverse Born Approximation, Elliptical Projection
An Inverse Finite Element Analysis and A Parametric Study of Small Punch Tests
Xu, Zhenzhen
2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
the effects of SPT parameters including friction coefficient, punch head diameter, sample thickness, specimen scale and boundary conditions. The proposed inverse finite element (FE) method improves the accuracy of existing inverse FE methods...
Direct Reservoir Parameter Estimation Using Joint Inversion of Marine Seismic AVA & CSEM Data
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
estimation of reservoir parameters from geophysical data isthe seismic data fit at times below the reservoir. InversionReservoir Parameter Estimation Using Joint Inversion of Marine Seismic AVA & CSEM Data
Linninger, Andreas A.
-integrated prefractionating columns. Our employed inverse design procedure enables the systematic design of physically process design with ecological or energy targets.1,2 Distillation is arguably the most significant suggested.412 For example, thermally coupled distillation columns known as Petlyuk configurations13 only
Giles, Mike
, and its inverse erfinv(x) are a standard part of libraries such as Intel's MKL, AMD's ACML and NVIDIA
OBSERBATION OF HIGH INTENSITY X-RAYS IN INVERSE COMPTON SCATTERING EXPERIMENT
OBSERBATION OF HIGH INTENSITY X-RAYS IN INVERSE COMPTON SCATTERING EXPERIMENT S. Kashiwagi, M the first results of high intensity x-ray generation using Inverse Laser Compton scattering. This experiment Synchrotron Source (LSS). It is based on inverse Compton scattering via interaction between pulsed high power
EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF AXISYMMETRIC INSTABILITY OF INVERSE DEE AND SQUARE TOKAMAK EQUILIBRIA
Sprott, Julien Clinton
EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF AXISYMMETRIC INSTABILITY OF INVERSE DEE AND SQUARE TOKAMAK EQUILIBRIA COO Study ofAxi.symmetric !nsta bUity of Inverse Dee and Square Tokamak Equilibria B. Lipschultz, S as a function of time in a tokamak with a 4-null poloidal d ivertor. Inverse dee equilibria are observed
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Lipase hydration state in the gas phase: Sorption isotherm measurements and inverse gas Rochelle, Cedex 01, France. Keywords: Water, Lipase, Adsorption, Inverse Gas Chromatography, Solid/Gas@univ-lr.fr Fax : +33 5 46 45 82 65 Abbreviations: IGC, Inverse Gas Chromatography aW, water thermodynamic
Radiative inverse seesaw neutrino mass and dark matter
Guo Gang [INPAC, Department of Physics and Shanghai Key Laboratory for Particle Physics and Cosmology Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai (China); He Xiaogang [INPAC, Department of Physics and Shanghai Key Laboratory for Particle Physics and Cosmology Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai (China) and Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, and NCTS, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Li Guannan [INPAC, Department of Physics and Shanghai Key Laboratory for Particle Physics and Cosmology Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, Taiwan (China)
2013-05-23T23:59:59.000Z
Seesaw mechanism provides a natural explanation of light neutrino masses through suppression of heavy seesaw scale. In inverse seesaw models the seesaw scale can be much lower than that in the usual seesaw models. If terms inducing seesaw masses are further induced by loop corrections, the seesaw scale can be lowered to be in the range probed by experiments at the LHC without fine tuning. This talk, presented by X-G He, discuss models constructed in a recent preprint by us (arxiv:201207.6308) in which neutrino masses are generated at two loop level through inverse seesaw mechanism. These models also naturally have dark matter candidates. Although the recent data from Xenon100 put stringent constraint on the models, they can be consistent with data on neutrino masses, mixing, dark matter relic density and direct detection.
Magnetic catalysis and inverse magnetic catalysis in QCD
Niklas Mueller; Jan M. Pawlowski
2015-02-27T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the effects of strong magnetic fields on the QCD phase structure at vanishing density by solving the gluon and quark gap equations, and by studying the dynamics of the quark scattering with the four-fermi coupling. The chiral crossover temperature as well as the chiral condensate are computed. For asymptotically large magnetic fields we find magnetic catalysis, while we find inverse magnetic catalysis for intermediate magnetic fields. Moreover, for large magnetic fields the chiral phase transition for massless quarks turns into a crossover. The underlying mechanisms are then investigated analytically within a few simplifications of the full numerical analysis. We find that a combination of gluon screening effects and the weakening of the strong coupling is responsible for the phenomenon of inverse catalysis. In turn, the magnetic catalysis at large magnetic field is already indicated by simple arguments based on dimensionality.
Combined approach to the inverse protein folding problem. Final report
Ruben A. Abagyan
2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
The main scientific contribution of the project ''Combined approach to the inverse protein folding problem'' submitted in 1996 and funded by the Department of Energy in 1997 is the formulation and development of the idea of the multilink recognition method for identification of functional and structural homologues of newly discovered genes. This idea became very popular after they first announced it and used it in prediction of the threading targets for the CASP2 competition (Critical Assessment of Structure Prediction).
MFR PAPER 1033 Research determin es fatty aCid
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Improving Collision Induced Dissociation (CID), High Energy Collision...
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In this work we describe how peptide high-precision fragments measured with Fourier transform mass spectrometry can provide a powerful discriminative capability to...
CID Gas Recovery Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information
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CID | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)
Office of Science (SC) Website
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Haber, Eldad
2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z
The focus of research was: Developing adaptive mesh for the solution of Maxwell's equations; Developing a parallel framework for time dependent inverse Maxwell's equations; Developing multilevel methods for optimization problems with inequal- ity constraints; A new inversion code for inverse Maxwell's equations in the 0th frequency (DC resistivity); A new inversion code for inverse Maxwell's equations in low frequency regime. Although the research concentrated on electromagnetic forward and in- verse problems the results of the research was applied to the problem of image registration.
Level-set, penalization and cartesian meshes: A paradigm for inverse problems and optimal design
Bruneau, Charles-Henri
of their engines, are required to look for aerodynamic ways to re- duce oil consumption, particularly through Bordeaux, IMB and INRIA Futurs, MC2, CNRS UMR 5251, 351 Cours de la Libération, Talence F-33405, France b Université du Sud Toulon Var, Imath, Avenue de l'Université, BP20132 La Garde Cedex F-83957, France a r t i c
Experience of light : the use of an inverse method and a genetic algorithm in daylight design
Chutarat, Acharawan
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Integration of daylight availability in time and architectural space is a critical element in achieving optimal comfort and productivity, as well as in minimizing energy consumption. In recent years, there has been an ...
Experimental Design and Inverse Problems in Plant Biological , H.T. Banks
crop models, such as the Aquacrop model [15] and decision support system for agrotechnology transfer growth and crop yield. We use a dynamical system model proposed by Zhu., et al. [16], which describes with this dynamical system mathematical model and a statistical model to describe the observation process
Inverse Problems, Design and Optimization Symposium (IPDO-2013) Albi, France, June 26-28, 2013
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
and flexible strategies are needed to increase the use of biomass in Europe [4]. Thermal energy storage by 2020, the European Union counts on biomass to impact on final heat energy consumption. Using biomass of biomass affirmed that biomass for heating and power applications can reduce such emissions by 55 to 98
Center for Inverse Design Highlight: Anomalous Surface Conductivity in In2O3 Transparent Conductors
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Center for Inverse Design Highlight: Enabling Practical p-Type Doping in Oxide Spinels
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWPSuccess StoriesFebruaryMetalControl SystemLightWhite LightPractical
Inverse Design of Mn-based ternary p-type wide-gap oxides
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes | NationalCurriculum Introduction toLucas MaltaCenter for
Inverse Design of Mn-based ternary p-type wide-gap oxides
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes | NationalCurriculum Introduction toLucas MaltaCenter forused
Kowalsky, M.B.; Birkholzer, J.; Peterson, J.; Finsterle, S.; Mukhopadhya y, S.; Tsang, Y.T.
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
first step toward comprehensive inversion of the heater testfirst step toward a full inversion of the heater test data,
Identifying Isotropic Events Using a Regional Moment Tensor Inversion
Ford, S R; Dreger, D S; Walter, W R
2008-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate the deviatoric and isotropic source components for 17 explosions at the Nevada Test Site, as well as 12 earthquakes and 3 collapses in the surrounding region of the western US, using a regional time-domain full waveform inversion for the complete moment tensor. The events separate into specific populations according to their deviation from a pure double-couple and ratio of isotropic to deviatoric energy. The separation allows for anomalous event identification and discrimination between explosions, earthquakes, and collapses. Confidence regions of the model parameters are estimated from the data misfit by assuming normally distributed parameter values. We investigate the sensitivity of the resolved parameters of an explosion to imperfect Earth models, inaccurate event depths, and data with low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) assuming a reasonable azimuthal distribution of stations. In the band of interest (0.02-0.10 Hz) the source-type calculated from complete moment tensor inversion is insensitive to velocity models perturbations that cause less than a half-cycle shift (<5 sec) in arrival time error if shifting of the waveforms is allowed. The explosion source-type is insensitive to an incorrect depth assumption (for a true depth of 1 km), and the goodness-of-fit of the inversion result cannot be used to resolve the true depth of the explosion. Noise degrades the explosive character of the result, and a good fit and accurate result are obtained when the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is greater than 5. We assess the depth and frequency dependence upon the resolved explosive moment. As the depth decreases from 1 km to 200 m, the isotropic moment is no longer accurately resolved and is in error between 50-200%. However, even at the most shallow depth the resultant moment tensor is dominated by the explosive component when the data have a good SNR.
Identifying isotropic events using a regional moment tensor inversion
Ford, S R; Dreger, D S; Walter, W R
2008-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
The deviatoric and isotropic source components for 17 explosions at the Nevada Test Site, as well as 12 earthquakes and 3 collapses in the surrounding region of the western US, are calculated using a regional time-domain full waveform inversion for the complete moment tensor. The events separate into specific populations according to their deviation from a pure double-couple and ratio of isotropic to deviatoric energy. The separation allows for anomalous event identification and discrimination between explosions, earthquakes, and collapses. Confidence regions of the model parameters are estimated from the data misfit by assuming normally distributed parameter values. We investigate the sensitivity of the resolved parameters of an explosion to imperfect Earth models, inaccurate event depths, and data with a low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) assuming a reasonable azimuthal distribution of stations. In the band of interest (0.02-0.10 Hz) the source-type calculated from complete moment tensor inversion is insensitive to velocity models perturbations that cause less than a half-cycle shift (<5 sec) in arrival time error if shifting of the waveforms is allowed. The explosion source-type is insensitive to an incorrect depth assumption (for a true depth of 1 km), but the goodness-of-fit of the inversion result cannot be used to resolve the true depth of the explosion. Noise degrades the explosive character of the result, and a good fit and accurate result are obtained when the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is greater than 5. We assess the depth and frequency dependence upon the resolved explosive moment. As the depth decreases from 1 km to 200 m, the isotropic moment is no longer accurately resolved and is in error between 50-200%. However, even at the most shallow depth the resultant moment tensor is dominated by the explosive component when the data has a good SNR. The sensitivity investigation is extended via the introduction of the network sensitivity solution, which takes into account the unique station distribution, frequency band, and SNR of a given test scenario. An example of this analysis is presented for the North Korea test, which shows that in order to constrain the explosive component one needs a certain station configuration. In the future we will analyze the bias in the source-type parameters due to error in the Green's function by incorporating a suite of suitable velocity models in the inversion.
The equivalence of inverse Compton scattering and the undulator concept
Ng, K.Y,; /Fermilab
2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Inverse Compton scattering is a method to produce very high frequency photon beam. However, the production mechanism can also be viewed as a undulator emission. This is because the electron sees electric and magnetic fields of the incident laser beam and is driven into transverse oscillatory motion in exactly the same way when the electron passes through a undulator consisting of alternating magnetic field. This note gives a detailed examination of the similarity about the two views. Equivalent undulator parameters are derived for the incident laser beam, as well as the differential cross section of photon emission.
Proton inelastic scattering on {sup 56}Ni in inverse kinematics
Kraus, G.; Egelhof, P.; Fischer, C.; Geissel, H.; Himmler, A.; Nickel, F.; Muenzenberg, G.; Schwab, W.; Weiss, A. [GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Chulkov, L.; Golovkov, M.; Ogloblin, A. [I.V. Kurchatov Inst., Moscow (Russian Federation); Friese, J.; Gillitzer, A.; Koerner, H.J.; Peter, M. [TU, Munich (Germany); Henning, W.; Schiffer, J.P. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Kratz, J.V. [Univ. of Mainz (Germany)
1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
Inelastic proton scattering to the first excited 2{sup +} state at 2.701 MeV in doubly magic {sup 56}Ni was studied at 101 MeV/u in inverse kinematics. The radioactive {sup 56}Ni ion beam was obtained from the SIS heavy ion synchrotron at GSI Darmstadt via fragmentation of a {sup 58}Ni beam, and separation by the fragment separator (FRS). A value B(E2, 0{sup +} {yields} 2{sup +}) = 600 {+-} 120 e{sup 2} fm{sup 4} was obtained which corresponds to a deformation parameter {beta} ({sup 56}Ni) = 0.173 {+-} 0.017.
A Double Cryptography Using The Smarandache Keedwell Cross Inverse Quasigroup
Temitope Gbolahan Jaiyeola
2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z
The present study further strengthens the use of the Keedwell CIPQ against attack on a system by the use of the Smarandache Keedwell CIPQ for cryptography in a similar spirit in which the cross inverse property has been used by Keedwell. This is done as follows. By constructing two S-isotopic S-quasigroups(loops) $U$ and $V$ such that their Smarandache automorphism groups are not trivial, it is shown that $U$ is a SCIPQ(SCIPL) if and only if $V$ is a SCIPQ(SCIPL). Explanations and procedures are given on how these SCIPQs can be used to double encrypt information.
Optical inverse Compton emission from clusters of galaxies
Yamazaki, Ryo
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Shocks around clusters of galaxies accelerate electrons which upscatter the Cosmic Microwave Background photons to higher-energies. We use an analytical model to calculate this inverse Compton (IC) emission, taking into account the effects of additional energy losses via synchrotron and Coulomb scattering. We find that the surface brightness of the optical IC emission increases with redshift and halo mass. The IC emission surface brightness, 32--34~mag~arcsec$^{-2}$, for massive clusters is potentially detectable by the newly developed Dragonfly Telephoto Array.
Sneutrino inflation in supersymmetric B - L with inverse seesaw
Khalil, Shaaban; Sil, Arunansu [Centre for Theoretical Physics, Zewail City of Science and Technology, Sheikh Zayed, 12588, Giza (Egypt); Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, 11566 (Egypt); Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati, Assam 781039 (India)
2012-07-27T23:59:59.000Z
We have shown that inflation in the supersymmetric B - L extension of the Standard Model can be realized where one of the associated right-handed sneutrinos can provide a non-trivial inflationary trajectory at tree level (hence breaking B - L during inflation). As soon as the inflation ends, the right-handed sneutrino falls into the supersymmetric vacuum, with a vanishing vacuum expectation value, so that B - L symmetry is restored. The B - L gauge symmetry will be radiatively broken at a TeV scale and light neutrino masses are generated through the inverse seesaw mechanism.
Seismic Attenuation Inversion with t* Using tstarTomog.
Preston, Leiph
2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Seismic attenuation is defined as the loss of the seismic wave amplitude as the wave propagates excluding losses strictly due to geometric spreading. Information gleaned from seismic waves can be utilized to solve for the attenuation properties of the earth. One method of solving for earth attenuation properties is called t*. This report will start by introducing the basic theory behind t* and delve into inverse theory as it pertains to how the algorithm called tstarTomog inverts for attenuation properties using t* observations. This report also describes how to use the tstarTomog package to go from observed data to a 3-D model of attenuation structure in the earth.
Modified Inverse First Order Reliability Method (I-FORM) for Predicting Extreme Sea States.
Eckert-Gallup, Aubrey Celia; Sallaberry, Cedric Jean-Marie; Dallman, Ann Renee; Neary, Vincent Sinclair
2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Environmental contours describing extreme sea states are generated as the input for numerical or physical model simulation s as a part of the stand ard current practice for designing marine structure s to survive extreme sea states. Such environmental contours are characterized by combinations of significant wave height ( ) and energy period ( ) values calculated for a given recurrence interval using a set of data based on hindcast simulations or buoy observations over a sufficient period of record. The use of the inverse first - order reliability method (IFORM) i s standard design practice for generating environmental contours. In this paper, the traditional appli cation of the IFORM to generating environmental contours representing extreme sea states is described in detail and its merits and drawbacks are assessed. The application of additional methods for analyzing sea state data including the use of principal component analysis (PCA) to create an uncorrelated representation of the data under consideration is proposed. A reexamination of the components of the IFORM application to the problem at hand including the use of new distribution fitting techniques are shown to contribute to the development of more accurate a nd reasonable representations of extreme sea states for use in survivability analysis for marine struc tures. Keywords: In verse FORM, Principal Component Analysis , Environmental Contours, Extreme Sea State Characteri zation, Wave Energy Converters
Hinnell, A.C.; Ferre, T.P.A.; Vrugt, J.A.; Huisman, J.A.; Moysey, S.; Rings, J.; Kowalsky, M.B.
2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
There is increasing interest in the use of multiple measurement types, including indirect (geophysical) methods, to constrain hydrologic interpretations. To date, most examples integrating geophysical measurements in hydrology have followed a three-step, uncoupled inverse approach. This approach begins with independent geophysical inversion to infer the spatial and/or temporal distribution of a geophysical property (e.g. electrical conductivity). The geophysical property is then converted to a hydrologic property (e.g. water content) through a petrophysical relation. The inferred hydrologic property is then used either independently or together with direct hydrologic observations to constrain a hydrologic inversion. We present an alternative approach, coupled inversion, which relies on direct coupling of hydrologic models and geophysical models during inversion. We compare the abilities of coupled and uncoupled inversion using a synthetic example where surface-based electrical conductivity surveys are used to monitor one-dimensional infiltration and redistribution.
Solution accelerators for large scale 3D electromagnetic inverse problems
Newman, Gregory A.; Boggs, Paul T.
2004-04-05T23:59:59.000Z
We provide a framework for preconditioning nonlinear 3D electromagnetic inverse scattering problems using nonlinear conjugate gradient (NLCG) and limited memory (LM) quasi-Newton methods. Key to our approach is the use of an approximate adjoint method that allows for an economical approximation of the Hessian that is updated at each inversion iteration. Using this approximate Hessian as a preconditoner, we show that the preconditioned NLCG iteration converges significantly faster than the non-preconditioned iteration, as well as converging to a data misfit level below that observed for the non-preconditioned method. Similar conclusions are also observed for the LM iteration; preconditioned with the approximate Hessian, the LM iteration converges faster than the non-preconditioned version. At this time, however, we see little difference between the convergence performance of the preconditioned LM scheme and the preconditioned NLCG scheme. A possible reason for this outcome is the behavior of the line search within the LM iteration. It was anticipated that, near convergence, a step size of one would be approached, but what was observed, instead, were step lengths that were nowhere near one. We provide some insights into the reasons for this behavior and suggest further research that may improve the performance of the LM methods.
Kouri, Donald J. (Houston, TX); Vijay, Amrendra (Houston, TX); Zhang, Haiyan (Houston, TX); Zhang, Jingfeng (Houston, TX); Hoffman, David K. (Ames, IA)
2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
A method and system for solving the inverse acoustic scattering problem using an iterative approach with consideration of half-off-shell transition matrix elements (near-field) information, where the Volterra inverse series correctly predicts the first two moments of the interaction, while the Fredholm inverse series is correct only for the first moment and that the Volterra approach provides a method for exactly obtaining interactions which can be written as a sum of delta functions.
The inverse conductivity problem with power densities in dimension n2
François Monard, Guillaume Bal
2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z
Jun 19, 2012 ... The inverse conductivity problem with power densities in dimension n ? 2. François Monard Guillaume Bal. Dept. of Applied Physics and ...
Partitioned Waveform Inversion Applied to Eurasia and Northern Africa
bedle, H; Matzel, E; Flanagan, M
2006-07-27T23:59:59.000Z
This report summarizes the data analysis achieved during Heather Bedle's eleven-week Technical Scholar internship at Lawrence Livermore National Labs during the early summer 2006. The work completed during this internship resulted in constraints on the crustal and upper mantle S-velocity structure in Northern Africa, the Mediterranean, the Middle East, and Europe, through the fitting of regional waveform data. This data extends current raypath coverage and will be included in a joint inversion along with data from surface wave group velocity measurements, S and P teleseismic arrival time data, and receiver function data to create an improved velocity model of the upper mantle in this region. The tectonic structure of the North African/Mediterranean/Europe/Middle Eastern study region is extremely heterogeneous. This region consists of, among others, stable cratons and platforms such as the West Africa Craton, and Baltica in Northern Europe; oceanic subduction zones throughout the Mediterranean Sea where the African and Eurasian plate collide; regions of continental collision as the Arabian Plate moves northward into the Turkish Plate; and rifting in the Red Sea, separating the Arabian and Nubian shields. With such diverse tectonic structures, many of the waveforms were difficult to fit. This is not unexpected as the waveforms are fit using an averaged structure. In many cases the raypaths encounter several tectonic features, complicating the waveform, and making it hard for the software to converge on a 1D average structure. Overall, the quality of the waveform data was average, with roughly 30% of the waveforms being discarded due to excessive noise that interfered with the frequency ranges of interest. An inversion for the 3D S-velocity structure of this region was also performed following the methodology of Partitioned Waveform Inversion (Nolet, 1990; Van der Lee and Nolet, 1997). The addition of the newly fit waveforms drastically extends the range of the model. The model now extends as far east in Africa to cover Chad and Niger, and reaches south to cover Zambia. The model is also stretched eastward to cover the eastern half of India, and northward to cover the southern portion of Scandinavia.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Pablant, N. A.; Bell, R. E.; Bitter, M.; Delgado-Aparicio, L.; Hill, K. W.; Lazerson, S.; Morita, S.
2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Accurate tomographic inversion is important for diagnostic systems on stellarators and tokamaks which rely on measurements of line integrated emission spectra. A tomographic inversion technique based on spline optimization with enforcement of constraints is described that can produce unique and physically relevant inversions even in situations with noisy or incomplete input data. This inversion technique is routinely used in the analysis of data from the x-ray imaging crystal spectrometer (XICS) installed at LHD. The XICS diagnostic records a 1D image of line integrated emission spectra from impurities in the plasma. Through the use of Doppler spectroscopy and tomographic inversion, XICSmore »can provide pro#12;file measurements of the local emissivity, temperature and plasma flow. Tomographic inversion requires the assumption that these measured quantities are flux surface functions, and that a known plasma equilibrium reconstruction is available. In the case of low signal levels or partial spatial coverage of the plasma cross-section, standard inversion techniques utilizing matrix inversion and linear-regularization often cannot produce unique and physically relevant solutions. The addition of physical constraints, such as parameter ranges, derivative directions, and boundary conditions, allow for unique solutions to be reliably found. The constrained inversion technique described here utilizes a modifi#12;ed Levenberg-Marquardt optimization scheme, which introduces a condition avoidance mechanism by selective reduction of search directions. The constrained inversion technique also allows for the addition of more complicated parameter dependencies, for example geometrical dependence of the emissivity due to asymmetries in the plasma density arising from fast rotation. The accuracy of this constrained inversion technique is discussed, with an emphasis on its applicability to systems with limited plasma coverage.« less
Pablant, N. A.; Bell, R. E.; Bitter, M.; Delgado-Aparicio, L.; Hill, K. W.; Lazerson, S. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States); Morita, S. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292, Gifu (Japan)
2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
Accurate tomographic inversion is important for diagnostic systems on stellarators and tokamaks which rely on measurements of line integrated emission spectra. A tomographic inversion technique based on spline optimization with enforcement of constraints is described that can produce unique and physically relevant inversions even in situations with noisy or incomplete input data. This inversion technique is routinely used in the analysis of data from the x-ray imaging crystal spectrometer (XICS) installed at the Large Helical Device. The XICS diagnostic records a 1D image of line integrated emission spectra from impurities in the plasma. Through the use of Doppler spectroscopy and tomographic inversion, XICS can provide profile measurements of the local emissivity, temperature, and plasma flow. Tomographic inversion requires the assumption that these measured quantities are flux surface functions, and that a known plasma equilibrium reconstruction is available. In the case of low signal levels or partial spatial coverage of the plasma cross-section, standard inversion techniques utilizing matrix inversion and linear-regularization often cannot produce unique and physically relevant solutions. The addition of physical constraints, such as parameter ranges, derivative directions, and boundary conditions, allow for unique solutions to be reliably found. The constrained inversion technique described here utilizes a modified Levenberg-Marquardt optimization scheme, which introduces a condition avoidance mechanism by selective reduction of search directions. The constrained inversion technique also allows for the addition of more complicated parameter dependencies, for example, geometrical dependence of the emissivity due to asymmetries in the plasma density arising from fast rotation. The accuracy of this constrained inversion technique is discussed, with an emphasis on its applicability to systems with limited plasma coverage.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Pablant, N. A. [PPPL; Bell, R. E. [PPPL; Bitter, M. [PPPL; Delgado-Aparicio, L. [PPPL; Hill, K. W. [PPPL; Lazerson, S. [PPPL; Morita, S. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292, Gifu, Japan
2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Accurate tomographic inversion is important for diagnostic systems on stellarators and tokamaks which rely on measurements of line integrated emission spectra. A tomographic inversion technique based on spline optimization with enforcement of constraints is described that can produce unique and physically relevant inversions even in situations with noisy or incomplete input data. This inversion technique is routinely used in the analysis of data from the x-ray imaging crystal spectrometer (XICS) installed at LHD. The XICS diagnostic records a 1D image of line integrated emission spectra from impurities in the plasma. Through the use of Doppler spectroscopy and tomographic inversion, XICS can provide pro#12;file measurements of the local emissivity, temperature and plasma flow. Tomographic inversion requires the assumption that these measured quantities are flux surface functions, and that a known plasma equilibrium reconstruction is available. In the case of low signal levels or partial spatial coverage of the plasma cross-section, standard inversion techniques utilizing matrix inversion and linear-regularization often cannot produce unique and physically relevant solutions. The addition of physical constraints, such as parameter ranges, derivative directions, and boundary conditions, allow for unique solutions to be reliably found. The constrained inversion technique described here utilizes a modifi#12;ed Levenberg-Marquardt optimization scheme, which introduces a condition avoidance mechanism by selective reduction of search directions. The constrained inversion technique also allows for the addition of more complicated parameter dependencies, for example geometrical dependence of the emissivity due to asymmetries in the plasma density arising from fast rotation. The accuracy of this constrained inversion technique is discussed, with an emphasis on its applicability to systems with limited plasma coverage.
Spontaneous generation of local CP violation and inverse magnetic catalysis
Lang Yu; Hao Liu; Mei Huang
2014-09-14T23:59:59.000Z
In the chiral symmetric phase, the polarized instanton--anti-instanton molecule pairing induces a nontrivial repulsive interaction in the iso-scalar axial-vector channel. As a consequence, one unusual property is observed that in the chiral restoration phase, there is a first order phase transition for the spontaneous generation of local CP violation and chiral imbalance. Furthermore, it is found that external magnetic fields will lower the critical temperature for the local CP-odd phase transition and catalyze the chiral imbalance, which destroys the chiral condensate with pairing quarks between different chiralities. A reasonable strength of the repulsive interaction in the iso-scalar axial-vector channel can naturally explain the inverse magnetic catalysis around the critical temperature under external magnetic fields.
Chirped pulse inverse free-electron laser vacuum accelerator
Hartemann, Frederic V. (Dublin, CA); Baldis, Hector A. (Pleasanton, CA); Landahl, Eric C. (Walnut Creek, CA)
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A chirped pulse inverse free-electron laser (IFEL) vacuum accelerator for high gradient laser acceleration in vacuum. By the use of an ultrashort (femtosecond), ultrahigh intensity chirped laser pulse both the IFEL interaction bandwidth and accelerating gradient are increased, thus yielding large gains in a compact system. In addition, the IFEL resonance condition can be maintained throughout the interaction region by using a chirped drive laser wave. In addition, diffraction can be alleviated by taking advantage of the laser optical bandwidth with negative dispersion focusing optics to produce a chromatic line focus. The combination of these features results in a compact, efficient vacuum laser accelerator which finds many applications including high energy physics, compact table-top laser accelerator for medical imaging and therapy, material science, and basic physics.
Progress in relativistic gravitational theory using the inverse scattering method
G. Neugebauer; R. Meinel
2003-04-23T23:59:59.000Z
The increasing interest in compact astrophysical objects (neutron stars, binaries, galactic black holes) has stimulated the search for rigorous methods, which allow a systematic general relativistic description of such objects. This paper is meant to demonstrate the use of the inverse scattering method, which allows, in particular cases, the treatment of rotating body problems. The idea is to replace the investigation of the matter region of a rotating body by the formulation of boundary values along the surface of the body. In this way we construct solutions describing rotating black holes and disks of dust ("galaxies"). Physical properties of the solutions and consequences of the approach are discussed. Among other things, the balance problem for two black holes can be tackled.
Axion Like Particles and the Inverse Seesaw Mechanism
Carvajal, C D R; Nishi, C C; Sánchez-Vega, B L
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Light pseudoscalars known as axion like particles (ALPs) may be behind physical phenomena like the Universe transparency to ultra-energetic photons, the soft $\\gamma$-ray excess from the Coma cluster, and the 3.5 keV line. We explore the connection of these particles with the inverse seesaw (ISS) mechanism for neutrino mass generation. We propose a very restrictive setting where the scalar field hosting the ALP is also responsible for generating the ISS mass scales through its vacuum expectation value on gravity induced nonrenormalizable operators. A discrete gauge symmetry protects the theory from the appearance of overly strong gravitational effects and discrete anomaly cancellation imposes strong constraints on the order of the group. The anomalous U$(1)$ symmetry leading to the ALP is an extended lepton number and the protective discrete symmetry can be always chosen as a subgroup of a combination of the lepton number and the baryon number.
Zeroth-order inversion of transient head observations
Vasco, D.W.
2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
A high-frequency, asymptotic solution for transient head,appropriate for a medium containing smoothly varying heterogeneity,provides a basis for efficient inverse modeling. The semi analyticsolution is trajectory based, akin to ray methods used in modeling wavepropagation, and may be constructed by post processing the output of anumerical simulator. For high frequencies, the amplitude sensitivities,the relationship between changes in flow properties and changes in headampliude, are dominated by the phase term which may be computed directlyfrom the output of the simulator. Thus, transient head waveforms may beinverted with little more computation than is required to invert arrivaltimes. An applicatino to synthetic head values indicates that thetechnique can be used to improve the fit to waveforms. An application totransient head data from the Migration experiment in Switzerland revealsa narrow, high conductivity pathway within a 0.5 m thick zone offracturing.
Source-independent full waveform inversion of seismic data
Lee, Ki Ha
2006-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
A set of seismic trace data is collected in an input data set that is first Fourier transformed in its entirety into the frequency domain. A normalized wavefield is obtained for each trace of the input data set in the frequency domain. Normalization is done with respect to the frequency response of a reference trace selected from the set of seismic trace data. The normalized wavefield is source independent, complex, and dimensionless. The normalized wavefield is shown to be uniquely defined as the normalized impulse response, provided that a certain condition is met for the source. This property allows construction of the inversion algorithm disclosed herein, without any source or source coupling information. The algorithm minimizes the error between data normalized wavefield and the model normalized wavefield. The methodology is applicable to any 3-D seismic problem, and damping may be easily included in the process.
Atmospheric Inverse Estimates of Methane Emissions from Central California
Zhao, Chuanfeng; Andrews, Arlyn E.; Bianco, Laura; Eluszkiewicz, Janusz; Hirsch, Adam; MacDonald, Clinton; Nehrkorn, Thomas; Fischer, Marc L.
2008-11-21T23:59:59.000Z
Methane mixing ratios measured at a tall-tower are compared to model predictions to estimate surface emissions of CH{sub 4} in Central California for October-December 2007 using an inverse technique. Predicted CH{sub 4} mixing ratios are calculated based on spatially resolved a priori CH{sub 4} emissions and simulated atmospheric trajectories. The atmospheric trajectories, along with surface footprints, are computed using the Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) coupled to the Stochastic Time-Inverted Lagrangian Transport (STILT) model. An uncertainty analysis is performed to provide quantitative uncertainties in estimated CH{sub 4} emissions. Three inverse model estimates of CH{sub 4} emissions are reported. First, linear regressions of modeled and measured CH{sub 4} mixing ratios obtain slopes of 0.73 {+-} 0.11 and 1.09 {+-} 0.14 using California specific and Edgar 3.2 emission maps respectively, suggesting that actual CH{sub 4} emissions were about 37 {+-} 21% higher than California specific inventory estimates. Second, a Bayesian 'source' analysis suggests that livestock emissions are 63 {+-} 22% higher than the a priori estimates. Third, a Bayesian 'region' analysis is carried out for CH{sub 4} emissions from 13 sub-regions, which shows that inventory CH{sub 4} emissions from the Central Valley are underestimated and uncertainties in CH{sub 4} emissions are reduced for sub-regions near the tower site, yielding best estimates of flux from those regions consistent with 'source' analysis results. The uncertainty reductions for regions near the tower indicate that a regional network of measurements will be necessary to provide accurate estimates of surface CH{sub 4} emissions for multiple regions.
Spherical Resorcinol-Formaldehyde Synthesis by Inverse Suspension Polymerization
Ray, Robert J.; Scrivens, Walter A.; Nash, Charles
2005-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
Base catalyzed sol-gel polycondensation of resorcinol (1,3-dihydroxybenzene) with formaldehyde by inverse suspension polymerization leads to the formation of uniform, highly cross-linked, translucent, spherical gels, which have increased selectivity and capacity for cesium ion removal from high alkaline solutions. Because of its high selectivity for cesium ion, resorcinol-formaldehyde (R-F) resins are being considered for process scale column radioactive cesium removal by ion-exchange at the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP), which is now under construction at the Hanford site. Other specialty resins such as Superlig{reg_sign} 644 have been ground and sieved and column tested for process scale radioactive cesium removal but show high pressure drops across the resin bed during transition from column regeneration to loading and elution. Furthermore, van Deemter considerations indicate better displacement column chromatography by the use of spherical particle beads rather than irregularly shaped ground or granular particles. In our studies batch contact equilibrium experiments using a high alkaline simulant show a definite increase in cesium loading onto spherical R-F resin. Distribution coefficient (Kd) values ranged from 777 to 429 mL/g in the presence of 0.1M and 0.7M potassium ions, respectively. Though other techniques for making R-F resins have been employed, to our knowledge no one has made spherical R-F resins by inverse suspension polymerization. Moreover, in this study we discuss the data comparisons to known algebraic isotherms used to evaluate ion-exchange resins for WTP plant scale cesium removal operations.
Radial Inflow Gas Turbine Flow Path Design
Samip Shah; Gaurang Chaudhri; Digvijay Kulshreshtha; S. A. Channiwalla
Abstract:- A new method for radial inflow gas turbine flow paths design based on a unique integrated conceptual design environment AxSTREAM is presented in this paper. This integrated environment is a seamless and swift processing scheme that incorporates stages aerodynamic analysis and preliminary design/sizing based on the one dimensional method. The environment makes possible to find number of different designs with inverse task solver, basing on initially specified boundary conditions, closing conditions and design variables. Design space explorer provides easy and visual comparison for range of obtained design in customizable coordinate axes. Solution filtering on different parameters, such as meridional and axial dimensions, maximal blades weight, saving the time to choose from thousands obtained solutions the only one right design. Flexibility of presented approach allows to built-up complete gas turbine flow path from consequence of individual elements: stationary and rotating elements, ducts, heat exchangers, and analyze it in common environment. Complete control of all aspects of aerodynamic flow path quality, structural reliability, and integral performances on design and offdesign conditions is performing throughout all design process. This gives full interaction between user and system for immediate correction and enhancement of current design data using various optimization capabilities to feel the impact of changes on each design step. Integrated system AxSTREAM significantly shortening the design cycle time from initial machine concept to finalized design with all offdesign performances details. The design process is demonstrated for a 25kW radial inflow gas turbine. Keywords:- Radial Inflow Turbine, Performance Maps, AxSTREAM I.
An Inverse Problem for Toeplitz Matrices and the Synthesis of Discrete Transmission Lines
Allen, Jont
An Inverse Problem for Toeplitz Matrices and the Synthesis of Discrete Transmission Lines Russel E and inverse problems for a transmission line which consists of piecewise constant components. Knowing the impulse response of the transmission line, we can calculate the capaci- tance taper of the line, and vice
Inversion in indirect optimal control: constrained and unconstrained F. Chaplais and N. Petit
Abstract-- This paper focuses on using non linear inversion in optimal control problems. This technique, we address the case of linear systems with a control affine cost to be minimized under inputInversion in indirect optimal control: constrained and unconstrained cases F. Chaplais and N. Petit
Weighted Radon transforms for which the Chang approximate inversion formula is precise
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Weighted Radon transforms for which the Chang approximate inversion formula is precise R.G. Novikov formula is precise. Some subsequent results, including the Cormack type inversion for these transforms, are also given. 1.Introduction We consider the weighted ray transformation PW defined by the formula PW f
Eddy-current interaction with an ideal crack. II. The inverse problem John FL Bowler
Bowler, John R.
Eddy-current interaction with an ideal crack. II. The inverse problem John FL Bowler The University 1994) Eddy-current inversion is the process whereby the geometry of a flaw in a metal is derived from eddy-current probe impedance measurements. The approach is based on an optimization scheme that seeks
Theory of eddy current inversion Stephen:J. Nortona) and John FL Bowler
Bowler, John R.
Theory of eddy current inversion Stephen:J. Nortona) and John FL Bowler University of Surrey) The inverse eddy current problem can be described as the task of reconstructing an unknown distribution of electrical conductivity from eddy-current probe impedance measurements recorded as a function of probe
On an inverse problem: Recovery of non-smooth solutions to backward heat equation
Daripa, Prabir
On an inverse problem: Recovery of non-smooth solutions to backward heat equation Fabien Ternat 2011 Accepted 2 November 2011 Available online 11 November 2011 Keywords: Heat equation Inverse problem and CrankNicolson schemes and applied successfully to solve for smooth solutions of backward heat equation
Oldenburg, Douglas W.
Geophysical inversion in an integrated mineral exploration program: examples from the San NicolÂ´as deposit Nigel Phillips and Douglas W. Oldenburg, UBC-Geophysical Inversion Facility, University of British of the subsurface from surface geophysical data, coupled with an increasing need to explore for minerals
Adjoint Inverse Modeling of Black Carbon During ACE-A. Hakami 1
Sandu, Adrian
in northeast China and Japan are increased. 1 #12;Introduction Black (or elemental) carbon (BC) is the mainAdjoint Inverse Modeling of Black Carbon During ACE- Asia A. Hakami 1 , D. K. Henze 1 , J. H model is used for inverse modeling of black carbon during ACE- Asia. We use the 4D-Var approach
On the Inversion of Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficients for Speech Enhancement Applications
De Leon, Phillip
On the Inversion of Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficients for Speech Enhancement Applications Laura E recognition system. The use of GMMs for speech enhancement applications has only recently been proposed present a means to invert MFCCs for use in speech enhancement applications. Results for cepstral inversion
An Ankle-Foot Prosthesis Emulator with Control of Plantarflexion and Inversion-Eversion Torques
Collins, Steven H.
An Ankle-Foot Prosthesis Emulator with Control of Plantarflexion and Inversion-Eversion Torques-foot prosthesis with two independently-actuated toes that are coordinated to provide plantarflexion and inversion prosthesis features. A similar morphology may be effective for autonomous devices. I. INTRODUCTION Robotic
GEOPHYSICAL INVERSION IN AN INTEGRATED EXPLORATION PROGRAM: EXAMPLES FROM THE SAN NICOL AS DEPOSIT
Oldenburg, Douglas W.
GEOPHYSICAL INVERSION IN AN INTEGRATED EXPLORATION PROGRAM: EXAMPLES FROM THE SAN NICOL Â´AS DEPOSIT information to the explorationist. This thesis examines the role geophysical inversion can assume in an integrated explo- ration program, and the impact it can have on the results. As an example, geophysical data
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
User Simulation in Dialogue Systems using Inverse Reinforcement Learning Senthilkumar Chandramohan based on Inverse Reinforcement Learning (IRL). The task of building the user simulator is perceived is an expensive process. User simulators aim at simulating human users in order to generate synthetic data
Renaut, Rosemary
at the electrodeelectrolyte interfaces of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) is investigated physically using Electrochemical describe the performance of a solid oxide fuel cell requires the solution of an inverse problem. TwoStability and error analysis of the polarization estimation inverse problem for solid oxide fuel
Volume Currents in Forward and Inverse MEG Simulations Using Realistic Head Models
Utah, University of
Volume Currents in Forward and Inverse MEG Simulations Using Realistic Head Models Robert Van of magnetoencephalographic (MEG) forward or inverse sim- ulations in realistic head models. We verify the accuracy, in an inhomogeneous, non-spherical realistic head model, the magnetic field normal to the MEG detector due to volume
Volume Currents in Forward and Inverse MEG Simulations Using Realistic Head Models
Utah, University of
Volume Currents in Forward and Inverse MEG Simulations Using Realistic Head Models Robert Van of magnetoencephalographic (MEG) forward or inverse sim ulations in realistic head models. We verify the accuracy, in an inhomogeneous, nonspherical realistic head model, the magnetic field normal to the MEG detector due to volume
A Gibbs sampler for inequality-constrained geostatistical interpolation and inverse modeling
Michalak, Anna M.
A Gibbs sampler for inequality-constrained geostatistical interpolation and inverse modeling Anna M. M. (2008), A Gibbs sampler for inequality-constrained geostatistical interpolation and inverse to inequality-constrained data and parameters. The approach is to be applicable with any variogram or covariance
Miga, Michael I.
A finite element inverse analysis to assess functional improvement during the fracture healing architecture on the FEA estimated material property metric. The finite element model inverse analysis developed i n f o Article history: Accepted 2 September 2009 Keywords: Fracture healing Finite element
Combined giant inverse and normal magnetocaloric effect for room-temperature magnetic cooling
Zexian, Cao
In the last two decades, magnetic refrigeration has been demonstrated as a very promising alternativeCombined giant inverse and normal magnetocaloric effect for room-temperature magnetic cooling Report, we report on the observation of a giant positive inverse magnetic entropy change about 28.6 J K-1
Geostatistical inverse modeling of transient pumping tests using temporal moments of drawdown
Cirpka, Olaf Arie
Geostatistical inverse modeling of transient pumping tests using temporal moments of drawdown Wei 2004; revised 22 April 2005; accepted 3 May 2005; published 2 August 2005. [1] Pumping tests belong from transient pumping tests using the quasi-linear geostatistical approach of inverse modeling
SO2 emissions and lifetimes: Estimates from inverse modeling using in situ and global, spacebased
Martin, Randall
SO2 emissions and lifetimes: Estimates from inverse modeling using in situ and global, spacebased 18 March 2011. [1] Topdown constraints on global sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions are inferred through of GEOSChem for inversion of SO2 columns to emissions. The seasonal mean SO2 lifetime calculated with the GEOS
Petrophysical inversion of borehole array-induction logs: Part I --Numerical examples
Torres-Verdín, Carlos
to mud-filtrate invasion. We use a rigorous formulation to account for the physics of fluid displacement in porous media resulting from water-base mud filtrate invading hydrocarbon- bearing rock formations inversion experiments using noisy synthetic wireline logs. The inversion requires a priori knowledge
Louis, Sushil J.
Seismic Velocity Inversion with Genetic Algorithms Sushil J. Louis Qinxue Chen Satish to compute travel times for seismic waves. However, in practice, we have to solve the inverse problem: travel synthetic seismic models shows that large population sizes are crit- ical to generating good seismic
MA692: Inverse Scattering Problems for Wave Propagation
2013-08-19T23:59:59.000Z
inhomogeneity, such as location, geometry, or material property, from a ... stealth aircraft design and submarine detection), geophysical exploration (e.g., oil and ...
Self-annihilation of inversion domains by high energy defects in III-Nitrides
Koukoula, T.; Kioseoglou, J., E-mail: sifisl@auth.gr; Kehagias, Th.; Komninou, Ph. [Department of Physics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR-54124 Thessaloniki (Greece); Ajagunna, A. O.; Georgakilas, A. [Microelectronics Research Group, IESL, FORTH, P.O. Box 1385, GR-71110 Heraklion, Crete, Greece and Department of Physics, University of Crete, P.O. Box 2208, GR-71003 Heraklion, Crete (Greece)
2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z
Low-defect density InN films were grown on Si(111) by molecular beam epitaxy over an ?1??m thick GaN/AlN buffer/nucleation layer. Electron microscopy observations revealed the presence of inverse polarity domains propagating across the GaN layer and terminating at the sharp GaN/InN (0001{sup ¯}) interface, whereas no inversion domains were detected in InN. The systematic annihilation of GaN inversion domains at the GaN/InN interface is explained in terms of indium incorporation on the Ga-terminated inversion domains forming a metal bonded In-Ga bilayer, a structural instability known as the basal inversion domain boundary, during the initial stages of InN growth on GaN.
G. Perdikakis; M. Sasano; Sam M. Austin; D. Bazin; C. Caesar; S. Cannon; J. M. Deaven; H. J. Doster; C. J. Guess; G. W. Hitt; J. Marks; R. Meharchand; D. T. Nguyen; D. Peterman; A. Prinke; M. Scott; Y. Shimbara; K. Thorne; L. Valdez; R. G. T. Zegers
2012-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
The Low Energy Neutron Detector Array (LENDA) is a neutron time-of-flight (TOF) spectrometer developed at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab- oratory (NSCL) for use in inverse kinematics experiments with rare isotope beams. Its design has been motivated by the need to study the spin-isospin response of unstable nuclei using (p, n) charge-exchange reactions at intermediate energies (> 100 MeV/u). It can be used, however, for any reaction study that involves emission of low energy neutrons (150 keV - 10 MeV). The array consists of 24 plastic scintillator bars and is capable of registering the recoiling neutron energy and angle with high detection efficiency. The neutron energy is determined by the time-of-flight technique, while the position of interaction is deduced using the timing and energy information from the two photomultipliers of each bar. A simple test setup utilizing radioactive sources has been used to characterize the array. Results of test measurements are compared with simulations. A neutron energy threshold of efficiency > 20 % for neutrons below 4 MeV have been obtained.
Acceleration of electrons using an inverse free electron laser auto- accelerator
Wernick, I.K.; Marshall, T.C.
1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present data from our study of a device known as the inverse free electron laser. First, numerical simulations were performed to optimize the design parameters for an experiment that accelerates electrons in the presence of an undulator by stimulated absorption of radiation. The Columbia free electron laser (FEL) was configured as an auto-accelerator (IFELA) system; high power (MW`s) FEL radiation at {approximately}1.65 mm is developed along the first section of an undulator inside a quasi-optical resonator. The electron beam then traverses a second section of undulator where a fraction of the electrons is accelerated by stimulated absorption of the 1.65 mm wavelength power developed in the first undulator section. The second undulator section has very low gain and does not generate power on its own. We have found that as much as 60% of the power generated in the first section can be absorbed in the second section, providing that the initial electron energy is chosen correctly with respect to the parameters chosen for the first and second undulators. An electron momentum spectrometer is used to monitor the distribution of electron energies as the electrons exit the IFELA. We have found; using our experimental parameters, that roughly 10% of the electrons are accelerated to energies as high as 1100 keV, in accordance with predictions from the numerical model. The appearance of high energy electrons is correlated with the abrupt absorption of millimeter power. The autoaccelerator configuration is used because there is no intense source of coherent power at the 1.65 mm design wavelength other than the FEL.
Acceleration of electrons using an inverse free electron laser auto- accelerator
Wernick, I.K.; Marshall, T.C.
1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present data from our study of a device known as the inverse free electron laser. First, numerical simulations were performed to optimize the design parameters for an experiment that accelerates electrons in the presence of an undulator by stimulated absorption of radiation. The Columbia free electron laser (FEL) was configured as an auto-accelerator (IFELA) system; high power (MW's) FEL radiation at {approximately}1.65 mm is developed along the first section of an undulator inside a quasi-optical resonator. The electron beam then traverses a second section of undulator where a fraction of the electrons is accelerated by stimulated absorption of the 1.65 mm wavelength power developed in the first undulator section. The second undulator section has very low gain and does not generate power on its own. We have found that as much as 60% of the power generated in the first section can be absorbed in the second section, providing that the initial electron energy is chosen correctly with respect to the parameters chosen for the first and second undulators. An electron momentum spectrometer is used to monitor the distribution of electron energies as the electrons exit the IFELA. We have found; using our experimental parameters, that roughly 10% of the electrons are accelerated to energies as high as 1100 keV, in accordance with predictions from the numerical model. The appearance of high energy electrons is correlated with the abrupt absorption of millimeter power. The autoaccelerator configuration is used because there is no intense source of coherent power at the 1.65 mm design wavelength other than the FEL.
Numerical design of a transonic airfoil having a Stratford pressure recovery
Rocholl, Bruce Martin
1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
, TRANDES, for engineering applications. By ut1lizing TRANDES for both the design phase and the following extensive analysis, the features of the inverse approach to the a 1rfoil design problem were investigated. Finally, a second airfoil was designed... surface lift region contributes significantly to the total section lift, and these ai rfoils show a delay in drag rise Mach number of approximately 0. 1 over the NACA 6-series airfoils. Recently, a family of high lift, low drag airfoils employing...
Direct Reservoir Parameter Estimation Using Joint Inversion ofMarine Seismic AVA&CSEM Data
Hoversten, G. Michael; Cassassuce, Florence; Gasperikova, Erika; Newman,Gregory A.; Rubin, Yoram; Zhangshuan, Hou; Vasco, Don
2005-01-12T23:59:59.000Z
A new joint inversion algorithm to directly estimate reservoir parameters is described. This algorithm combines seismic amplitude versus angle (AVA) and marine controlled source electromagnetic (CSEM) data. The rock-properties model needed to link the geophysical parameters to the reservoir parameters is described. Errors in the rock-properties model parameters, measured in percent, introduce errors of comparable size in the joint inversion reservoir parameter estimates. Tests of the concept on synthetic one-dimensional models demonstrate improved fluid saturation and porosity estimates for joint AVA-CSEM data inversion (compared to AVA or CSEM inversion alone). Comparing inversions of AVA, CSEM, and joint AVA-CSEM data over the North Sea Troll field, at a location with well control, shows that the joint inversion produces estimated gas saturation, oil saturation and porosity that is closest (as measured by the RMS difference, L1 norm of the difference, and net over the interval) to the logged values whereas CSEM inversion provides the closest estimates of water saturation.
Direct and Inverse Cascades in the Wind-Driven Sea
Zakharov, Vladimir E
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We offer a new form for the S(nl) term in the Hasselmann kinetic equation for squared wave amplitudes of wind-driven gravity wave. This form of S(nl) makes possible to rewrite in differential form the conservation laws for energy, momentum, and wave action, and introduce their fluxes by a natural way. We show that the stationary kinetic equation has a family of exact Kolmogorov-type solutions governed by the fluxes of motion constants: wave action, energy, and momentum. The simple "local" model for S(nl) term that is equivalent to the "diffusion approximation" is studied in details. In this case, Kolmogorov spectra are found in the explicit form. We show that a general solution of the stationary kinetic equation behind the spectral peak is described by the Kolmogorov-type solution with frequency-dependent fluxes. The domains of "inverse cascade" and "direct cascade" can be separated by natural way. The spectrum in the universal domain is close to $\\omega^{-4}$.
New advances in three-dimensional controlled-sourceelectromagnetic inversion
Commer, Michael; Newman, Gregory A.
2007-05-19T23:59:59.000Z
New techniques for improving both the computational andimaging performance of the three dimensional (3D) electromagnetic inverseproblem are presented. A non-linear conjugate gradient algorithm is theframework of the inversion scheme. Full wave equation modelling forcontrolled sources is utilized for data simulation along with anefficient gradient computation approach for the model update. Improvingthe modelling efficiency of the 3D finite difference method involves theseparation of the potentially large modelling mesh, defining the set ofmodel parameters, from the computational finite difference meshes usedfor field simulation. Grid spacings and thus overall grid sizes can bereduced and optimized according to source frequencies and source-receiveroffsets of a given input data set. Further computational efficiency isobtained by combining different levels of parallelization. While theparallel scheme allows for an arbitrarily large number of parallel tasks,the relative amount of message passing is kept constant. Imageenhancement is achieved by model parameter transformation functions,which enforce bounded conductivity parameters and thus prevent parameterovershoots. Further, a remedy for treating distorted data within theinversion process is presented. Data distortions simulated here includepositioning errors and a highly conductive overburden, hiding the desiredtarget signal. The methods are demonstrated using both synthetic andfield data.
Solving Inverse Detection Problems Using Passive Radiation Signatures
Favorite, Jeffrey A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Armstrong, Jerawan C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Vaquer, Pablo A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
The ability to reconstruct an unknown radioactive object based on its passive gamma-ray and neutron signatures is very important in homeland security applications. Often in the analysis of unknown radioactive objects, for simplicity or speed or because there is no other information, they are modeled as spherically symmetric regardless of their actual geometry. In these presentation we discuss the accuracy and implications of this approximation for decay gamma rays and for neutron-induced gamma rays. We discuss an extension of spherical raytracing (for uncollided fluxes) that allows it to be used when the exterior shielding is flat or cylindrical. We revisit some early results in boundary perturbation theory, showing that the Roussopolos estimate is the correct one to use when the quantity of interest is the flux or leakage on the boundary. We apply boundary perturbation theory to problems in which spherically symmetric systems are perturbed in asymmetric nonspherical ways. We apply mesh adaptive direct search (MADS) algorithms to object reconstructions. We present a benchmark test set that may be used to quantitatively evaluate inverse detection methods.
Attractive Inverse Square Potential, U(1) Gauge, and Winding Transitions
Cristiano Nisoli; Alan. R. Bishop
2014-10-18T23:59:59.000Z
The inverse square potential arises in a variety of different quantum phenomena, yet notoriously it must be handled with care: it suffers from pathologies rooted in the mathematical foundations of quantum mechanics. We show that its recently studied conformality-breaking corresponds to an infinitely smooth winding-unwinding topological transition for the {\\it classical} statistical mechanics of a one-dimensional system: this describes the the tangling/untangling of floppy polymers under a biasing torque. When the ratio between torque and temperature exceeds a critical value the polymer undergoes tangled oscillations, with an extensive winding number. At lower torque or higher temperature the winding number per unit length is zero. Approaching criticality, the correlation length of the order parameter---the extensive winding number---follows a Kosterlitz-Thouless type law. The model is described by the Wilson line of a (0+1) $U(1)$ gauge theory, and applies to the tangling/untangling of floppy polymers and to the winding/diffusing kinetics in diffusion-convection-reactions.
A quantitative study of the low-level inversion in interior Alaska
Adamowicz, Peter Michael
1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
conditions for the study periods c. Synoptic situation for the study periods 12 12 15 5. THE ENERGY BUDGET OF THE INVERSION LAYER a. The budget equation b. Radiation theory and procedure 29 29 32 1. The radiation budget equation 2. Effect of cloud... is an important thermal process and subsidence is an important mechanical process. Examples of these different types of inversions are pre- sented in Fig. 1, which is modified from a discussion by Petterssen (1956). Fig. 1 A is a typical radiation inversion...
Manuel, Lance
On Assessing the Accuracy of Offshore Wind Turbine Reliability-Based Design Loads from to derive design loads for an active stall-regulated offshore wind turbine. Two different Danish offshore contour method; wind turbine; offshore; reliability. INTRODUCTION Inverse reliability techniques
Rayleigh scattering and nonlinear inversion of elastic waves
Gritto, R.
1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Rayleigh scattering of elastic waves by an inclusion is investigated and the limitations determined. In the near field of the inhomogeneity, the scattered waves are up to a factor of 300 stronger than in the far field, excluding the application of the far field Rayleigh approximation for this range. The investigation of the relative error as a function of parameter perturbation shows a range of applicability broader than previously assumed, with errors of 37% and 17% for perturbations of {minus}100% and +100%, respectively. The validity range for the Rayleigh limit is controlled by large inequalities, and therefore, the exact limit is determined as a function of various parameter configurations, resulting in surprisingly high values of up to k{sub p}R = 0.9. The nonlinear scattering problem can be solved by inverting for equivalent source terms (moments) of the scatterer, before the elastic parameters are determined. The nonlinear dependence between the moments and the elastic parameters reveals a strong asymmetry around the origin, which will produce different results for weak scattering approximations depending on the sign of the anomaly. Numerical modeling of cross hole situations shows that near field terms are important to yield correct estimates of the inhomogeneities in the vicinity of the receivers, while a few well positioned sources and receivers considerably increase the angular coverage, and thus the model resolution of the inversion parameters. The pattern of scattered energy by an inhomogeneity is complicated and varies depending on the object, the wavelength of the incident wave, and the elastic parameters involved. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the direction of scattered amplitudes to determine the best survey geometry.
Wang, Kun; Anis, Fatima; Li, Cuiping; Duric, Neb; Anastasio, Mark A
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Ultrasound computed tomography (USCT) holds great promise for improving the detection and management of breast cancer. Because they are based on the acoustic wave equation, waveform inversion-based reconstruction methods can produce images that possess improved spatial resolution properties over those produced by ray-based methods. However, waveform inversion methods are computationally demanding and have not been applied widely in USCT breast imaging. In this work, source encoding concepts are employed to develop an accelerated USCT reconstruction method that circumvents the large computational burden of conventional waveform inversion methods. This method, referred to as the waveform inversion with source encoding (WISE) method, encodes the measurement data using a random encoding vector and determines an estimate of the sound speed distribution by solving a stochastic optimization problem by use of a stochastic gradient descent algorithm. Both computer-simulation and experimental phantom studies are conduc...
Palacios Serrano, Diego G
2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
Seismic inversion approach has been applied with a moderate success in some siliciclastic reservoirs in Oriente Basin characterized by their prominent lateral facies variations. Different types of facies with different ...
Mesozoic tectonic inversion in the Neuquen Basin of west-central Argentina
Grimaldi Castro, Gabriel Orlando
2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z
Mesozoic tectonic inversion in the Neuquen Basin of west-central Argentina produced two main fault systems: (1) deep faults that affected basement and syn-rift strata where preexisting faults were selectively reactivated ...
Estimation of Impedance Using Seismic Reflection Data Based on Transdimensional Inversion
Dadi, Sireesh
2014-04-23T23:59:59.000Z
Deterministic seismic inversion can obtain optimal results when there is a linear relationship between data and model parameters during local optimization (single optimum solution). For nonlinear geophysical problems and in the presence of multiple...
3-D Inversion Of Borehole-To-Surface Electrical Data Using A...
Neural Network Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: 3-D Inversion Of Borehole-To-Surface Electrical Data Using A...
Kitaura, F S
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We address the inverse problem of cosmic large-scale structure reconstruction from a Bayesian perspective. For a linear data model, a number of known and novel reconstruction schemes, which differ in terms of the underlying signal prior, data likelihood, and numerical inverse extra-regularization schemes are derived and classified. The Bayesian methodology presented in this paper tries to unify and extend the following methods: Wiener-filtering, Tikhonov regularization, Ridge regression, Maximum Entropy, and inverse regularization techniques. The inverse techniques considered here are the asymptotic regularization, the Jacobi, Steepest Descent, Newton-Raphson, Landweber-Fridman, and both linear and non-linear Krylov methods based on Fletcher-Reeves, Polak-Ribiere, and Hestenes-Stiefel Conjugate Gradients. The structures of the up-to-date highest-performing algorithms are presented, based on an operator scheme, which permits one to exploit the power of fast Fourier transforms. Using such an implementation of t...
Watanabe, Shingo
2013-08-26T23:59:59.000Z
localization method to improve data assimilation performance while capturing geologic continuities that affect the flow dynamics and preserving model variability among the ensemble of models. For the streamline-based inversion method, we derived saturation...
Inversion of tracer test data using tomographic constraints Niklas Linde,1,2
Hubbard, Susan
Inversion of tracer test data using tomographic constraints Niklas Linde,1,2 Stefan Finsterle,3 be limited to field sites where this condition is partially or fully satisfied. Citation: Linde, N., S
Lin, Lin
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
plus selected inversion (PEpSI) technique to Kohn-ShamThe advantage of using PEpSI is that it has a much lowercomparing the timing of PEpSI with that of diago- nalization
Kuhle, Nathan John
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Inversion of normal faults at different burial depths is studied using physical models constructed with rock and deformed at confining pressure. Models consist of a 1 cm thick limestone layer above a fault dipping 70° in a rigid medium...
Comprehensive inverse modeling for the study of carrier transport models in sub-50nm MOSFETs
Djomehri, Ihsan Jahed, 1976-
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Direct quantitative 2-D characterization of sub-50 nm MOSFETs continues to be elusive. This research develops a comprehensive indirect inverse modeling technique for extracting 2-D device topology using combined log(I)-V ...
Sapphire decomposition and inversion domains in N-polar aluminum nitride
Hussey, Lindsay, E-mail: lkhussey@ncsu.edu; White, Ryan M.; Kirste, Ronny; Bryan, Isaac; Guo, Wei; Osterman, Katherine; Haidet, Brian; Bryan, Zachary; Bobea, Milena; Collazo, Ramón; Sitar, Zlatko [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-7919 (United States); Mita, Seiji [HexaTech, Inc., 991 Aviation Pkwy, Suite 800, Morrisville, North Carolina 27560 (United States)
2014-01-20T23:59:59.000Z
Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques and potassium hydroxide (KOH) etching confirmed that inversion domains in the N-polar AlN grown on c-plane sapphire were due to the decomposition of sapphire in the presence of hydrogen. The inversion domains were found to correspond to voids at the AlN and sapphire interface, and transmission electron microscopy results showed a V-shaped, columnar inversion domain with staggered domain boundary sidewalls. Voids were also observed in the simultaneously grown Al-polar AlN, however no inversion domains were present. The polarity of AlN grown above the decomposed regions of the sapphire substrate was confirmed to be Al-polar by KOH etching and TEM.
The disordered inverse opal architecture validates the theoretical model that predicts the diffusion, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. 15013 Denver West Parkway | Golden, CO 80401 | 303
Mass, heat and nutrient fluxes in the Atlantic Ocean determined by inverse methods
Rintoul, Stephen R. (Stephen Rich)
1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Inverse methods are applied to historical hydrographic data to address two aspects of the general circulation of the Atlantic Ocean. The method allows conservation statements for mass and other properties, along with a ...
Locatelli, R.
A modelling experiment has been conceived to assess the impact of transport model errors on methane emissions estimated in an atmospheric inversion system. Synthetic methane observations, obtained from 10 different model ...
Nitrous oxide emissions 1999 to 2009 from a global atmospheric inversion
Thompson, R. L.
N[subscript 2]O surface fluxes were estimated for 1999 to 2009 using a time-dependent Bayesian inversion technique. Observations were drawn from 5 different networks, incorporating 59 surface sites and a number of ship-based ...
Carbon flow and ecosystem dynamics in the Mississippi River plume described by inverse analysis
Breed, Greg Allen
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2002 Major Subject: Oceanography CARBON FLOW AND ECOSYSTEM DYNAMICS IN THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER PLUME DESCRIBED BY INVERSE ANALYSIS A Thesis by GREG ALLEN BREED Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial... of Department) December 2002 Major Sublect: Oceanography ABSTRACT Carbon Flow and Ecosystem Dynamics in the Mississippi River Plume Described by Inverse Analysis. (December 2002) Greg Allen Breed, B. S. , University of Minnesota Chair of Advisory...
Phillips, Mike Randall
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A PARALLEL SOLUTION OF THE INVERSE PROBLEM ASSOCIATED WITH A HYPERBOLIC PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION A Thesis by MIKE RANDALL PHILLIPS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1993 Major Subject: Computer Science A PARALLEL SOLUTION OF THE INVERSE PROBLEM ASSOCIATED WITH A HYPERBOLIC PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION A Thesis by MIKE RANDALL PHILLIPS Approved as to style...
Development of a Cox-Thompson inverse scattering method to charged particles
Tamas Palmai; Barnabas Apagyi; Werner Scheid
2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z
A Cox-Thompson fixed-energy quantum inverse scattering method is developed further to treat long-range Coulomb interaction. Depending on the reference potentials chosen, two methods have been formulated which produce inverse potentials with singular or finite value at the origin. Based on the quality of reproduction of input experimental phase shifts, it is guessed that the p-alpha interaction possesses an interesting repulsive hard core.
A Unified Approach to Various Techniques for the Nonuniqueness of the Inverse Gravimetric Problem
Âposed inverse problem is the inversion of New- ton's Law of Gravitation V (y) = B D(x) |x - y| dx , where V is the gravitational potential, which is given, for example at the Earth's surface or at satellite height, is the gravitational constant, B is the closed unit ball, and D L2(B) is the unknown mass density function. The first
The Quasi-Reversibility Method for the Thermoacoustic Tomography and a Coefficient Inverse Problem
Klibanov, Michael V; Nechaev, Dmitriy V; Kuzhuget, Andrey V
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An inverse problem of the determination of an initial condition in a hyperbolic equation from the lateral Cauchy data is considered. This problem has applications to the thermoacoustic tomography, as well as to linearized coefficient inverse problems of acoustics and electromagnetics. A new version of the quasi-reversibility method is described. This version requires a new Lipschitz stability estimate, which is obtained via the Carleman estimate. Numerical results are presented.
The Quasi-Reversibility Method for the Thermoacoustic Tomography and a Coefficient Inverse Problem
Michael V Klibanov; Sergey I Kabanikhin; Dmitriy V Nechaev; Andrey V Kuzhuget
2007-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
An inverse problem of the determination of an initial condition in a hyperbolic equation from the lateral Cauchy data is considered. This problem has applications to the thermoacoustic tomography, as well as to linearized coefficient inverse problems of acoustics and electromagnetics. A new version of the quasi-reversibility method is described. This version requires a new Lipschitz stability estimate, which is obtained via the Carleman estimate. Numerical results are presented.
Schuh, Andrew E.; Lauvaux, Thomas; West, Tristram O.; Denning, A.; Davis, Kenneth J.; Miles, Natasha; Richardson, S. J.; Uliasz, Marek; Lokupitiya, Erandathie; Cooley, Dan; Andrews, Arlyn; Ogle, Stephen
2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
An intensive regional research campaign was conducted by the North American Carbon Program (NACP) in 2005 to study the carbon cycle of the highly productive agricultural regions of the Midwestern United States. Forty-_ve di_erent associated projects were spawned across _ve U.S. agencies over the course of nearly a decade involving hundreds of researchers. The primary objective of the project was to investigate the ability of atmospheric inversion techniques to use highly calibrated CO2 mixing ratio data to estimate CO2 exchange over the major croplands of the U.S. Statistics from densely monitored crop production, consisting primarily corn and soybeans, provided the backbone of a well-studied\\bottom up"flux estimate that was used to evaluate the atmospheric inversion results. Three different inversion systems, representing spatial scales varying from high resolution mesoscale, to continental, to global, coupled to different transport models and optimization techniques were compared to the bottom up" inventory estimates. The mean annual CO2-C sink for 2007 from the inversion systems ranged from 120 TgC to 170 TgC, when viewed across a wide variety of inversion setups, with the best" point estimates ranging from 145 TgC to 155 TgC. Inversion-based mean C sink estimates were generally slightly stronger, but statistically indistinguishable,from the inventory estimate whose mean C sink was 135 TgC. The inversion results showed temporal correlations at seasonal lengths while week to week correlations remained low. Comparisons were made between atmospheric transport yields of the two regional inversion systems, which despite having different influence footprints in space and time due to differences in underlying transport models and external forcings, showed similarity when aggregated in space and time.
Bruce A. Bassett; David Parkinson; Robert C. Nichol
2005-07-05T23:59:59.000Z
We highlight the flexibility of the IPSO experiment-design framework by contrasting its application to CMB, weak lensing and redshift surveys. We illustrate the latter with a 10 parameter MCMC D-optimisation of a dark energy redshift survey. When averaged over a standard dark energy model space the resulting optimal survey typically has only one or two redshift bins, located at zoptimisation we show how the statistical power of such surveys is significantly enhanced. Experiment design is aided by the richness of the figure of merit landscape which means one can impose secondary optimisation criteria at little cost. For example, one may choose either to maximally test a single model (such as \\Lambda CDM) or to get the most general model-independent constraints possible (e.g. on a whole space of dark energy models). Such freedom points to a future where cosmological experiments become increasingly specialised and optimisation increasingly important.
Spatially-Variant Tikhonov Regularization for Double-Difference Waveform Inversion
Lin, Youzuo [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Huang, Lianjie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zhang, Zhigang [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Double-difference waveform inversion is a potential tool for quantitative monitoring for geologic carbon storage. It jointly inverts time-lapse seismic data for changes in reservoir geophysical properties. Due to the ill-posedness of waveform inversion, it is a great challenge to obtain reservoir changes accurately and efficiently, particularly when using time-lapse seismic reflection data. Regularization techniques can be utilized to address the issue of ill-posedness. The regularization parameter controls the smoothness of inversion results. A constant regularization parameter is normally used in waveform inversion, and an optimal regularization parameter has to be selected. The resulting inversion results are a trade off among regions with different smoothness or noise levels; therefore the images are either over regularized in some regions while under regularized in the others. In this paper, we employ a spatially-variant parameter in the Tikhonov regularization scheme used in double-difference waveform tomography to improve the inversion accuracy and robustness. We compare the results obtained using a spatially-variant parameter with those obtained using a constant regularization parameter and those produced without any regularization. We observe that, utilizing a spatially-variant regularization scheme, the target regions are well reconstructed while the noise is reduced in the other regions. We show that the spatially-variant regularization scheme provides the flexibility to regularize local regions based on the a priori information without increasing computational costs and the computer memory requirement.
Williams II, Robert L.
1 Copyright © 2009 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical of the power of computers (as PCs were on the rise) to solve linear equations via standard matrix methods;2 Copyright © 2009 by ASME 2. FOUR-BAR MECHANISM INVERSE DYNAMICS MATRIX METHOD For each moving link we can
Three-dimensional electromagnetic modeling and inversion on massively parallel computers
Newman, G.A.; Alumbaugh, D.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Geophysics Dept.
1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report has demonstrated techniques that can be used to construct solutions to the 3-D electromagnetic inverse problem using full wave equation modeling. To this point great progress has been made in developing an inverse solution using the method of conjugate gradients which employs a 3-D finite difference solver to construct model sensitivities and predicted data. The forward modeling code has been developed to incorporate absorbing boundary conditions for high frequency solutions (radar), as well as complex electrical properties, including electrical conductivity, dielectric permittivity and magnetic permeability. In addition both forward and inverse codes have been ported to a massively parallel computer architecture which allows for more realistic solutions that can be achieved with serial machines. While the inversion code has been demonstrated on field data collected at the Richmond field site, techniques for appraising the quality of the reconstructions still need to be developed. Here it is suggested that rather than employing direct matrix inversion to construct the model covariance matrix which would be impossible because of the size of the problem, one can linearize about the 3-D model achieved in the inverse and use Monte-Carlo simulations to construct it. Using these appraisal and construction tools, it is now necessary to demonstrate 3-D inversion for a variety of EM data sets that span the frequency range from induction sounding to radar: below 100 kHz to 100 MHz. Appraised 3-D images of the earth`s electrical properties can provide researchers opportunities to infer the flow paths, flow rates and perhaps the chemistry of fluids in geologic mediums. It also offers a means to study the frequency dependence behavior of the properties in situ. This is of significant relevance to the Department of Energy, paramount to characterizing and monitoring of environmental waste sites and oil and gas exploration.
Mernild, Sebastian Haugard [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Liston, Glen [COLORADO STATE UNIV.
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In many applications, a realistic description of air temperature inversions is essential for accurate snow and glacier ice melt, and glacier mass-balance simulations. A physically based snow-evolution modeling system (SnowModel) was used to simulate eight years (1998/99 to 2005/06) of snow accumulation and snow and glacier ice ablation from numerous small coastal marginal glaciers on the SW-part of Ammassalik Island in SE Greenland. These glaciers are regularly influenced by inversions and sea breezes associated with the adjacent relatively low temperature and frequently ice-choked fjords and ocean. To account for the influence of these inversions on the spatiotemporal variation of air temperature and snow and glacier melt rates, temperature inversion routines were added to MircoMet, the meteorological distribution sub-model used in SnowModel. The inversions were observed and modeled to occur during 84% of the simulation period. Modeled inversions were defined not to occur during days with strong winds and high precipitation rates due to the potential of inversion break-up. Field observations showed inversions to extend from sea level to approximately 300 m a.s.l., and this inversion level was prescribed in the model simulations. Simulations with and without the inversion routines were compared. The inversion model produced air temperature distributions with warmer lower elevation areas and cooler higher elevation areas than without inversion routines due to the use of cold sea-breeze base temperature data from underneath the inversion. This yielded an up to 2 weeks earlier snowmelt in the lower areas and up to 1 to 3 weeks later snowmelt in the higher elevation areas of the simulation domain. Averaged mean annual modeled surface mass-balance for all glaciers (mainly located above the inversion layer) was -720 {+-} 620 mm w.eq. y{sup -1} for inversion simulations, and -880 {+-} 620 mm w.eq. y{sup -1} without the inversion routines, a difference of 160 mm w.eq. y{sup -1}. The annual glacier loss for the two simulations was 50.7 x 10{sup 6} m{sup 3} y{sup -1} and 64.4 x 10{sup 6} m{sup 3} y{sup -1} for all glaciers - a difference of {approx}21%. The average equilibrium line altitude (ELA) for all glaciers in the simulation domain was located at 875 m a.s.l. and at 900 m a.s.l. for simulations with or without inversion routines, respectively.
Interlocked optimization and fast gradient algorithm for a seismic inverse problem
Metivier, Ludovic, E-mail: ludovic.metivier@gmail.com [LAGA, Universite Paris XIII, 99 Avenue Jean-Baptiste Clement, 93000 Epinay-Villetaneuse (France)
2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z
Highlights: {yields} A 2D extension of the 1D nonlinear inversion of well-seismic data is given. {yields} Appropriate regularization yields a well-determined large scale inverse problem. {yields} An interlocked optimization loop acts as an efficient preconditioner. {yields} The adjoint state method is used to compute the misfit function gradient. {yields} Domain decomposition method yields an efficient parallel implementation. - Abstract: We give a nonlinear inverse method for seismic data recorded in a well from sources at several offsets from the borehole in a 2D acoustic framework. Given the velocity field, approximate values of the impedance are recovered. This is a 2D extension of the 1D inversion of vertical seismic profiles . The inverse problem generates a large scale undetermined ill-conditioned problem. Appropriate regularization terms render the problem well-determined. An interlocked optimization algorithm yields an efficient preconditioning. A gradient algorithm based on the adjoint state method and domain decomposition gives a fast parallel numerical method. For a realistic test case, convergence is attained in an acceptable time with 128 processors.
Simulation studies of the three-phase inverse dual converter
Arvind, Jayanthi
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Ehsani and Kustom and are presented in their book [7]. The IDC circuit proposed by Ehsani et al [6] also uses thyristors in a multi-stage configuration in order to enhance power handling capability The single-phase IDC was designed and analyzed using... frequencies. A proof-of-principle circuit was also built to illustrate the operation of a single-phase IDC experimentally [6]. The basic circuit diagram of the single phase IDC is shown in Fig. 1, where, V? is the input source voltage, Ls is the source...
Shan, L.; Vincent, J.; Brunzelle, J.S.; Dussault, I.; Lin, M.; Ianculescu, I.; Sherman, M.A.; Forman, B.M.; Fernandez, E. (Tennesse)
2010-03-08T23:59:59.000Z
The nuclear receptor CAR is a xenobiotic responsive transcription factor that plays a central role in the clearance of drugs and bilirubin while promoting cocaine and acetaminophen toxicity. In addition, CAR has established a 'reverse' paradigm of nuclear receptor action where the receptor is active in the absence of ligand and inactive when bound to inverse agonists. We now report the crystal structure of murine CAR bound to the inverse agonist androstenol. Androstenol binds within the ligand binding pocket, but unlike many nuclear receptor ligands, it makes no contacts with helix H12/AF2. The transition from constitutive to basal activity (androstenol bound) appears to be associated with a ligand-induced kink between helices H10 and H11. This disrupts the previously predicted salt bridge that locks H12 in the transcriptionally active conformation. This mechanism of inverse agonism is distinct from traditional nuclear receptor antagonists thereby offering a new approach to receptor modulation.
Gehre, Matthias, E-mail: mgehre@math.uni-bremen.de [Center for Industrial Mathematics, University of Bremen, Bremen D-28344 (Germany)] [Center for Industrial Mathematics, University of Bremen, Bremen D-28344 (Germany); Jin, Bangti, E-mail: bangti.jin@gmail.com [Department of Mathematics, University of California, Riverside, University Ave. 900, Riverside, CA 92521 (United States)] [Department of Mathematics, University of California, Riverside, University Ave. 900, Riverside, CA 92521 (United States)
2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we study a fast approximate inference method based on expectation propagation for exploring the posterior probability distribution arising from the Bayesian formulation of nonlinear inverse problems. It is capable of efficiently delivering reliable estimates of the posterior mean and covariance, thereby providing an inverse solution together with quantified uncertainties. Some theoretical properties of the iterative algorithm are discussed, and the efficient implementation for an important class of problems of projection type is described. The method is illustrated with one typical nonlinear inverse problem, electrical impedance tomography with complete electrode model, under sparsity constraints. Numerical results for real experimental data are presented, and compared with that by Markov chain Monte Carlo. The results indicate that the method is accurate and computationally very efficient.
SREELS analysis of oxygen-rich inversion domain boundaries in aluminum nitride
Bruley, J.; Zhao, J.C.; Notis, M.R. [Lehigh Univ. Bethlehem, PA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Westwood, A.D. [IBM T.J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY (United States); Youngman, R.A. [Carborundum Co., Phoenix, AZ (United States)
1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Spatially resolved electron energy loss spectroscopy analysis has been conducted on planar inversion domain boundaries in aluminum nitride. The defects were found to contain 1.5 monolayers of oxygen, in agreement with the most recent structural model of Westwood. From variations in near-edge structure, the local atomic environments of both oxygen and aluminum are compared with {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, {gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and {gamma}-AlON standards. Based upon this study the structure of the inversion domain boundary is found to resemble that of the cubic {gamma}-AlON spinel, and eliminates from consideration those structural models based upon {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. Furthermore, quantification of the shape resonances provided Al-O bond-length data from the inversion domain boundary interface. These distances closely agree with the Youngman Model that has recently been further refined by Westwood et al.
Zhu, Lin; Gong, Huili; Gable, Carl; Teatini, Pietro
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Understanding the heterogeneity arising from the complex architecture of sedimentary sequences in alluvial fans is challenging. This paper develops a statistical inverse framework in a multi-zone transition probability approach for characterizing the heterogeneity in alluvial fans. An analytical solution of the transition probability matrix is used to define the statistical relationships among different hydrofacies and their mean lengths, integral scales, and volumetric proportions. A statistical inversion is conducted to identify the multi-zone transition probability models and estimate the optimal statistical parameters using the modified Gauss-Newton-Levenberg-Marquardt method. The Jacobian matrix is computed by the sensitivity equation method, which results in an accurate inverse solution with quantification of parameter uncertainty. We use the Chaobai River alluvial fan in the Beijing Plain, China, as an example for elucidating the methodology of alluvial fan characterization. The alluvial fan is divided...
Experimental validation of GADRAS's coupled neutron-photon inverse radiation transport solver.
Mattingly, John K.; Mitchell, Dean James; Harding, Lee T.
2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Sandia National Laboratories has developed an inverse radiation transport solver that applies nonlinear regression to coupled neutron-photon deterministic transport models. The inverse solver uses nonlinear regression to fit a radiation transport model to gamma spectrometry and neutron multiplicity counting measurements. The subject of this paper is the experimental validation of that solver. This paper describes a series of experiments conducted with a 4.5 kg sphere of {alpha}-phase, weapons-grade plutonium. The source was measured bare and reflected by high-density polyethylene (HDPE) spherical shells with total thicknesses between 1.27 and 15.24 cm. Neutron and photon emissions from the source were measured using three instruments: a gross neutron counter, a portable neutron multiplicity counter, and a high-resolution gamma spectrometer. These measurements were used as input to the inverse radiation transport solver to evaluate the solver's ability to correctly infer the configuration of the source from its measured radiation signatures.
Foxall, W; Cunningham, C; Mellors, R; Templeton, D; Dyer, K; White, J
2012-02-27T23:59:59.000Z
Many clandestine development and production activities can be conducted underground to evade surveillance. The purpose of the study reported here was to develop a technique to detect underground facilities by broad-area search and then to characterize the facilities by inversion of the collected data. This would enable constraints to be placed on the types of activities that would be feasible at each underground site, providing a basis the design of targeted surveillance and analysis for more complete characterization. Excavation of underground cavities causes deformation in the host material and overburden that produces displacements at the ground surface. Such displacements are often measurable by a variety of surveying or geodetic techniques. One measurement technique, Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR), uses data from satellite-borne (or airborne) synthetic aperture radars (SARs) and so is ideal for detecting and measuring surface displacements in denied access regions. Depending on the radar frequency and the acquisition mode and the surface conditions, displacement maps derived from SAR interferograms can provide millimeter- to centimeter-level measurement accuracy on regional and local scales at spatial resolution of {approx}1-10 m. Relatively low-resolution ({approx}20 m, say) maps covering large regions can be used for broad-area detection, while finer resolutions ({approx}1 m) can be used to image details of displacement fields over targeted small areas. Surface displacements are generally expected to be largest during or a relatively short time after active excavation, but, depending on the material properties, measurable displacement may continue at a decreasing rate for a considerable time after completion. For a given excavated volume in a given geological setting, the amplitude of the surface displacements decreases as the depth of excavation increases, while the area of the discernable displacement pattern increases. Therefore, the ability to detect evidence for an underground facility using InSAR depends on the displacement sensitivity and spatial resolution of the interferogram, as well as on the size and depth of the facility and the time since its completion. The methodology development described in this report focuses on the exploitation of synthetic aperture radar data that are available commercially from a number of satellite missions. Development of the method involves three components: (1) Evaluation of the capability of InSAR to detect and characterize underground facilities ; (2) inversion of InSAR data to infer the location, depth, shape and volume of a subsurface facility; and (3) evaluation and selection of suitable geomechanical forward models to use in the inversion. We adapted LLNL's general-purpose Bayesian Markov Chain-Monte Carlo procedure, the 'Stochastic Engine' (SE), to carry out inversions to characterize subsurface void geometries. The SE performs forward simulations for a large number of trial source models to identify the set of models that are consistent with the observations and prior constraints. The inverse solution produced by this kind of stochastic method is a posterior probability density function (pdf) over alternative models, which forms an appropriate input to risk-based decision analyses to evaluate subsequent response strategies. One major advantage of a stochastic inversion approach is its ability to deal with complex, non-linear forward models employing empirical, analytical or numerical methods. However, while a geomechanical model must incorporate adequate physics to enable sufficiently accurate prediction of surface displacements, it must also be computationally fast enough to render the large number of forward realizations needed in stochastic inversion feasible. This latter requirement prompted us first to investigate computationally efficient empirical relations and closed-form analytical solutions. However, our evaluation revealed severe limitations in the ability of existing empirical and analytical forms to predict deformations from undergro
Chen, J.; Hoversten, G.M.
2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
Joint inversion of seismic AVA and CSEM data requires rock-physics relationships to link seismic attributes to electrical properties. Ideally, we can connect them through reservoir parameters (e.g., porosity and water saturation) by developing physical-based models, such as Gassmann’s equations and Archie’s law, using nearby borehole logs. This could be difficult in the exploration stage because information available is typically insufficient for choosing suitable rock-physics models and for subsequently obtaining reliable estimates of the associated parameters. The use of improper rock-physics models and the inaccuracy of the estimates of model parameters may cause misleading inversion results. Conversely, it is easy to derive statistical relationships among seismic and electrical attributes and reservoir parameters from distant borehole logs. In this study, we develop a Bayesian model to jointly invert seismic AVA and CSEM data for reservoir parameter estimation using statistical rock-physics models; the spatial dependence of geophysical and reservoir parameters are carried out by lithotypes through Markov random fields. We apply the developed model to a synthetic case, which simulates a CO{sub 2} monitoring application. We derive statistical rock-physics relations from borehole logs at one location and estimate seismic P- and S-wave velocity ratio, acoustic impedance, density, electrical resistivity, lithotypes, porosity, and water saturation at three different locations by conditioning to seismic AVA and CSEM data. Comparison of the inversion results with their corresponding true values shows that the correlation-based statistical rock-physics models provide significant information for improving the joint inversion results.
Numerical solution of 2-D nonlinear inverse heat conduction problems using finite-element techniques
Khachfe, R.A.; Jarny, Y.
2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
A general method is presented for solving different classes of nonlinear inverse heat conduction problems (IHCP) for two-dimensional, arbitrarily shaped bodies. It is based on the systematic use of a finite-element library. It is shown that, following this approach, the conjugate gradient method can be easily implemented. The method offers a very wide field of practical applications in inverse thermal analysis, while reducing very significantly the amount of work which remains specific for each particular IHPC. Two numerical experiments illustrate the influence of data errors and the iterative regularization principle.
Biondini, Gino [Department of Mathematics, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14260 (United States)] [Department of Mathematics, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14260 (United States); Kova?i?, Gregor [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180 (United States)] [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180 (United States)
2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
The inverse scattering transform for the focusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation with non-zero boundary conditions at infinity is presented, including the determination of the analyticity of the scattering eigenfunctions, the introduction of the appropriate Riemann surface and uniformization variable, the symmetries, discrete spectrum, asymptotics, trace formulae and the so-called theta condition, and the formulation of the inverse problem in terms of a Riemann-Hilbert problem. In addition, the general behavior of the soliton solutions is discussed, as well as the reductions to all special cases previously discussed in the literature.
Analysis of forward and inverse problems in chemical dynamics and spectroscopy
Rabitz, H. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
The overall scope of this research concerns the development and application of forward and inverse analysis tools for problems in chemical dynamics and chemical kinetics. The chemical dynamics work is specifically associated with relating features in potential surfaces and resultant dynamical behavior. The analogous inverse research aims to provide stable algorithms for extracting potential surfaces from laboratory data. In the case of chemical kinetics, the focus is on the development of systematic means to reduce the complexity of chemical kinetic models. Recent progress in these directions is summarized below.
Statistical method for resolving the photon-photoelectron-counting inversion problem
Wu Jinlong [LMAM and School of Mathematical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Li Tiejun, E-mail: tieli@pku.edu.c [LMAM and School of Mathematical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Peng, Xiang, E-mail: xiangpeng@pku.edu.c [CREAM Group, State Key Laboratory of Advanced Optical Communication Systems and Networks (Peking University) and Institute of Quantum Electronics, School of Electronics Engineering and Computer Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Guo Hong, E-mail: hongguo@pku.edu.c [CREAM Group, State Key Laboratory of Advanced Optical Communication Systems and Networks (Peking University) and Institute of Quantum Electronics, School of Electronics Engineering and Computer Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)
2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
A statistical inversion method is proposed for the photon-photoelectron-counting statistics in quantum key distribution experiment. With the statistical viewpoint, this problem is equivalent to the parameter estimation for an infinite binomial mixture model. The coarse-graining idea and Bayesian methods are applied to deal with this ill-posed problem, which is a good simple example to show the successful application of the statistical methods to the inverse problem. Numerical results show the applicability of the proposed strategy. The coarse-graining idea for the infinite mixture models should be general to be used in the future.
Tests of the Gravitational Inverse-Square Law below the Dark-Energy Length Scale
D. J. Kapner; T. S. Cook; E. G. Adelberger; J. H. Gundlach; B. R. Heckel; C. D. Hoyle; H. E. Swanson
2006-11-14T23:59:59.000Z
We conducted three torsion-balance experiments to test the gravitational inverse-square law at separations between 9.53 mm and 55 micrometers, probing distances less than the dark-energy length scale $\\lambda_{\\rm d}=\\sqrt[4]{\\hbar c/\\rho_{\\rm d}}\\approx 85 \\mu$m. We find with 95% confidence that the inverse-square law holds ($|\\alpha| \\leq 1$) down to a length scale $\\lambda = 56 \\mu$m and that an extra dimension must have a size $R \\leq 44 \\mu$m.
Botero, Cristina, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The continuous conveying of a solid feedstock like pulverized coal into a pressurized environment is a challenging task required in multiple industrial processes. Plants based on pressurized, entrained-flow gasifiers (EFG) ...
Sóbester, András
6/10/12 The use of acoustic inversion to estimate the bubble size distribution in pipelines 1 address ... yes . . . The use of acoustic inversion to estimate the bubble size distribution in pipelines devised a new method to more accurately measure gas bubbles in pipelines. The ability to measure gas
Davis, Jean-Paul
2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
INVICE (INVerse analysis of Isentropic Compression Experiments) is a FORTRAN computer code that implements the inverse finite-difference method to analyze velocity data from isentropic compression experiments. This report gives a brief description of the methods used and the options available in the first beta version of the code, as well as instructions for using the code.
Pedicini, Marco
the protein fold via NMR constraints. In collaboration with the CERM (Centre for Magnetic Resonance problems. #12;Florence, 28/02/2011: Two applied inverse problems: The problem of protein folding 2 H CCN) Backbone #12;Florence, 28/02/2011: Two applied inverse problems: The problem of protein folding 3 Genoma
Abstract--In this work, we first introduced a reorganized form of the Novikov's inversion formula) applying the reorganized Novikov's formula. Numerical evaluations demonstrated its computational efficiency the attenuated Radon transform (AtRT). A closed- form inversion formula for parallel-beam (PB) geometry
Stability of the numerical method of solving the 3D inverse scattering problem with fixed- energy Collections Journals About Contact us My IOPscience #12;Inverse Problems 6 (1990) L7-LI2. Printed in the UK with fixed-energy data A G Ramm Mathematics Department, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
Boyer, Edmond
1 Gravity inversion, AMS and geochronological investigations of syntectonic granitic plutons gravity inversion does not show any evidence of rooting of the granites along the SHF. Therefore, despite tectonic framework rather than local faulting as a factor controlling pluton emplacement. Keywords: granite
Marschner, Steve
Presented at the IS&T/SID Fifth Color Imaging Conference, November 1997 Inverse Lighting, New York Abstract We introduce a technique for improving photographs using inverse lighting, a new process based on algorithms develÂ oped in computer graphics for computing the reflection of light in 3D
K-space reconstruction of magnetic resonance inverse imaging (K-InI) of human visuomotor systems
MRI InI Visual MRI Neuroimaging K-InI Inverse solution MEG EEG Electroencephalography channels of a radio-frequency coil array, magnetic resonance inverse imaging (InI) can achieve ultra. Mathematically, the InI reconstruction is a generalization of parallel MRI (pMRI), which includes image space
Wang, Liqiang
Rapid 3D Seismic Source Inversion Using Windows Azure and Amazon EC2 Vedaprakash Subramanian seismic source inversion on both cluster (specif- ically, MPI-based) and cloud computing (specifically to seismic source in- version is feasible and has its advantages. In addition, we notice that both cluster
Torres-VerdÃn, Carlos
High-resolution geostatistical inversion of a seismic data set acquired in a Gulf of Mexico gas, UNOCAL Corporation Summary Geostatistical inversion is applied on a Gulf-of-Mexico, 3D post-stack seismic in this paper is located in the Gulf of Mexico, off the coast of Louisiana. Existing development wells reach two
Krakauer, Nir Y.
Influence of reduced carbon emissions and oxidation on the distribution of atmospheric CO2 carbon emission and oxidation processes in deriving inversion estimates of CO2 surface fluxes. Citation carbon emissions and oxidation on the distribution of atmospheric CO2: Implications for inversion
ACOUSTIC IMPEDANCE INVERSION FOR STATIC AND DYNAMIC CHARACTERIZATION OF A CO2 EOR PROJECT,
ACOUSTIC IMPEDANCE INVERSION FOR STATIC AND DYNAMIC CHARACTERIZATION OF A CO2 EOR PROJECT, POSTLE of the CO2 flood performance at Postle field. The use of traditional P-wave reflectivity data correlate to the roll-out of the CO2 flood program from south to north. When interpreted in conjunction
Current Distribution Models for the Earth's Main Magnetic Field: A Discrete Inverse Theory Approach
Sewards, Terence V
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Current source models for the Earth's main geomagnetic field are calculated employing conventional discrete inverse theory methods. Source structures are spherical surfaces placed at the surface of the Earth's core, and at the surface of the Earth. The data set consists of measurements taken by the MAGSAT satellite in 1979. The resulting current distributions are discussed in relation to dipole and current loop models.
Inverse optimization techniques for targeted self-assembly Salvatore Torquato*ab
Torquato, Salvatore
that we have devised to optimize interaction potentials in soft matter systems that correspond to stable may represent entirely new structural motifs. Soft matter systems, such as colloids and polymers 2009 DOI: 10.1039/b814211b This article reviews recent inverse statistical-mechanical methodologies
COMPRESSIVE INVERSE SCATTERING I. HIGH FREQUENCY SIMO/MISO AND MIMO MEASUREMENTS
Fannjiang, Albert
COMPRESSIVE INVERSE SCATTERING I. HIGH FREQUENCY SIMO/MISO AND MIMO MEASUREMENTS ALBERT C), multiple-input-single-output (MISO) or multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) measurements is analyzed of the data either with the MIMO measurement for the Born scattering or with the SIMO/MISO measurement
van Milligen, Boudewijn
1 Computer Physics Communications 66(1991) 243-258 Function parametrization: a fast inverse mapping (FP) is a method to invert computer models that map physical parameters describing the state that requires little computing time to evaluate. The major advantages of FP over other analysis methods are
6.6 Solute Transport During Variably Saturated Flow--Inverse Methods
Flury, Markus
6.6 Solute Transport During Variably Saturated Flow-- Inverse Methods JIÃ?Ã SIMÃ¦NEK AND MARTINUS TH.6.2). In separate lines of research, solute transport parameters are often obtained from column experiments assuming curves. Obtaining solute transport pa- rameters for conditions for which no analytical solutions exist
Sufficient reductions in regressions with elliptically contoured1 inverse predictors2
Bura, Efstathia
for21 the regression of Y on X comprises of a linear and a non-linear component.22 1 Introduction23 There are two general approaches based on inverse regression for estimating the linear sufficient9 reductions with18 parameters (µY , ) and density gY , there is no linear non-trivial sufficient reduction except
Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.
Evaluating atmospheric CO2 inversions at multiple scales over a highly inventoried agricultural the results to an inventory of CO2 fluxes. Statistics from densely monitored crop production, consisting primarily of corn and soybeans, provided the backbone of a well studied bottom-up inventory flux estimate
Inverse modeling of European CH4 emissions 20012006 P. Bergamaschi,1
Haak, Hein
for the total anthropogenic emissions from NWE are 21% higher compared to the EDGARv4.0 emission inventory us from verifying (or falsifying) the bottomup inventories in a strict sense. Sensitivity studies bottomup inventories, a further sensitivity inversion without this a priori information results in very
On an inverse problem: the recovery of non-smooth solutions to backward heat equation
Daripa, Prabir
On an inverse problem: the recovery of non-smooth solutions to backward heat equation Fabien Ternat solu- tions of backward heat equation. In this paper, we test the viability of using these techniques to recover non-smooth solutions of backward heat equation. In particular, we numerically integrate
Regional NO2 emission inversion through four-dimensional variational approach using
Sandu, Adrian
Regional NO2 emission inversion through four-dimensional variational approach using SCIAMACHY CHartographY) satellite observa- tions. In this paper, the NOx emission scaling factors applied over 2001 Na- tional Emissions Inventory(NEI) are estimated through a four-dimensional variational (4D-Var) approach
Inversion tectonics during continental rifting: The Turkana Cenozoic rifted zone, northern Kenya
Brest, UniversitÃ© de
Inversion tectonics during continental rifting: The Turkana Cenozoic rifted zone, northern Kenya B of inverted deformation within Miocene-Recent basins of the Turkana rift (northern Kenya) in the eastern: The Turkana Cenozoic rifted zone, northern Kenya, Tectonics, 24, TC2002, doi:10.1029/2004TC001637. 1
Inverse Modeling Using a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) for Personalized Daylight Harvesting
Agogino, Alice M.
Inverse Modeling Using a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) for Personalized Daylight Harvesting Ryan: predictive: daylight harvesting: piecewise linear regression: building energy efficiency Abstract: Smart light levels, discretized by sub-hourly sun angles. Applied on two days of daylight and ten days
Rheology of welding: inversion of field constraints James K. Russell*, Steven L. Quane
Russell, Kelly
Rheology of welding: inversion of field constraints James K. Russell*, Steven L. Quane Igneous the mechanisms and rheological behaviour of pyroclastic deposits during welding and compaction are poorly are constrained by physical property distributions in welded ignimbrite. Physical properties of samples from a 20
Inversion of wurtzite GaN(0001) by exposure to V. Ramachandran and R. M. Feenstra
Feenstra, Randall
1 Inversion of wurtzite GaN(0001) by exposure to magnesium V. Ramachandran and R. M. Feenstra 15213 Abstract Magnesium incorporation during the molecular beam epitaxy growth of wurtzite GaN is found important. Most devices are built on the polar basal plane of wurtzite GaN, and the characteristics
WAVELET BASED INVERSION OF POTENTIAL FIELD DATA Registration number F035
Boschetti, Fabio
WAVELET BASED INVERSION OF POTENTIAL FIELD DATA Registration number F035 F. Boschetti, P. Hornby@ned.dem.csiro.au ABSTRACT By analysing potential field data in the wavelet domain and performing a multi scale edge importantly, with the use of an appropriate wavelet, defined by the physics of the problem, information about
The $B-L$ Supersymmetric Standard Model with Inverse Seesaw at the Large Hadron Collider
Khalil, S
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We review the TeV scale $B-L$ extension of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (BLSSM) where an inverse seesaw mechanism of light neutrino mass generation is naturally implemented and concentrate on its hallmark manifestations at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC).
An inversion formula for transport equation in 3-dimensions using several complex variable analysis
Seyed Majid Saberi Fathi
2015-03-18T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, the photon stationary transport equation has been extended from $\\mathbb{R}^3$ to $\\mathbb{C}^3$. A solution of the inverse problem is obtained on a hyper-sphere and a hyper-cylinder as X-ray and Radon transform, respectively. We show that these results can be transformed into each other and they agree with known results.
IMPROVED SEARCH OF PRINCIPAL COMPONENT ANALYSIS DATABASES FOR SPECTRO-POLARIMETRIC INVERSION
Casini, R.; Lites, B. W. [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307-3000 (United States); Ramos, A. Asensio [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, c/Via Lactea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Ariste, A. Lopez [THEMIS, CNRS UPS 853, c/Via Lactea s/n, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)
2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z
We describe a simple technique for the acceleration of spectro-polarimetric inversions based on principal component analysis (PCA) of Stokes profiles. This technique involves the indexing of the database models based on the sign of the projections (PCA coefficients) of the first few relevant orders of principal components of the four Stokes parameters. In this way, each model in the database can be attributed a distinctive binary number of 2{sup 4n} bits, where n is the number of PCA orders used for the indexing. Each of these binary numbers (indices) identifies a group of ''compatible'' models for the inversion of a given set of observed Stokes profiles sharing the same index. The complete set of the binary numbers so constructed evidently determines a partition of the database. The search of the database for the PCA inversion of spectro-polarimetric data can profit greatly from this indexing. In practical cases it becomes possible to approach the ideal acceleration factor of 2{sup 4n} as compared to the systematic search of a non-indexed database for a traditional PCA inversion. This indexing method relies on the existence of a physical meaning in the sign of the PCA coefficients of a model. For this reason, the presence of model ambiguities and of spectro-polarimetric noise in the observations limits in practice the number n of relevant PCA orders that can be used for the indexing.
DeLucia, Evan H.
Sustainability of terrestrial carbon sequestration: A case study in Duke Forest with inversion of terrestrial carbon (C) sequestration is critical for the success of any policies geared toward stabilizing. Ellsworth, A. Finzi, J. Lichter, and W. H. Schlesinger, Sustainability of terrestrial carbon sequestration
Selection of desired dynamics for Dynamic Inversion controlled re-entry vehicles
Georgie, Jennifer Anne
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
the dynamic inversion inner-loop to provide closed-loop stability. The resulting closed-loop performance is then evaluated in the time domain, in terms of singular values in the frequency domain, a quadratic cost, and a passenger ride comfort index. A set...
Inverse Beta Decay in a Nonequilibrium Antineutrino Flux from a Nuclear Reactor
V. I. Kopeikin; L. A. Mikaelyan; V. V. Sinev
2001-10-23T23:59:59.000Z
The evolution of the reactor antineutrino spectrum toward equilibrium above the inverse beta-decay threshold during the reactor operating period and the decay of residual antineutrino radiation after reactor shutdown are considered. It is found that, under certain conditions, these processes can play a significant role in experiments seeking neutrino oscillations.
Topological insulators with inversion symmetry Liang Fu and C. L. Kane
Kane, Charles
Topological insulators with inversion symmetry Liang Fu and C. L. Kane Department of Physics; revised manuscript received 17 January 2007; published 2 July 2007 Topological insulators are materials insulators. This distinction is characterized by Z2 topological invariants, which characterize the ground
INVERSE PROBLEMS FOR A CLASS OF MEASURE DEPENDENT DYNAMICAL H. T. BANKS
of polymers and rubber, and polarization in dielectric materials. We develop an inverse problem framework pathways for virus production. These delays represent lags between acute infection of cells and the initiation of vi- ral production as well as between productive acute infection and chronic infection (e
Nonlinear inverse problem for a model of ion-exchange filter: numerical recovery of parameters
) and pressure (15 MPa) of hot steam [2]. Some units are made of cheap corrosion and heat-resistant steel which1 Nonlinear inverse problem for a model of ion-exchange filter: numerical recovery of parameters]. Power-generating units of TPP operate under severe corrosive conditions: high temperature (515 - 530°C
Duris, J.; Li, R. K.; Musumeci, P.; Sakai, Y.; Threlkeld, E.; Williams, O.; Fedurin, M.; Kusche, K.; Pogorelsky, I.; Polyanskiy, M.; Yakimenko, V. [UCLA Department of Physics and Astronomy, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Accelerator Test Facility, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, 11973 (United States)
2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z
Preparations for an inverse free electron laser experiment at Brookhaven National Laboratory's Accelerator Test Facilty are presented. Details of the experimental setup including beam and laser transport optics are first discussed. Next, the driving laser pulse structure is investigated and initial diagnostics are explored and compared to simulations. Finally, planned improvements to the experimental setup are discussed.
Physical mechanism of reectance inversion in hydrogen gas sensor with Pd/PVDF structures
Mandelis, Andreas
, and industrial sectors. As part of the infrastructure of hydrogen-based technologies, the development of reliablePhysical mechanism of re¯ectance inversion in hydrogen gas sensor with Pd/PVDF structures Chinhua in thin-®lm Pd on polyvinylidene ¯uoride (PVDF) optical hydrogen sensor structures (Pd/PVDF) upon exposure
Sailhac, Pascal
1 Estimating aquifer hydraulic properties from the inversion of surface 2 Streaming Potential (SP with the geometry of the water table. It follows that 11 SP measurements can be used to estimate aquifer hydraulic and found that we 14 are able to estimate the hydraulic conductivity and the depth 15 and the thickness
Utah, University of
Volume Currents in Forward and Inverse Magnetoencephalographic Simulations Using Realistic Head of magnetoencephalographic MEG forward or in- verse simulations in realistic head models. We verify the accu- racy of our, in an inhomoge- neous, nonspherical realistic head model, the magnetic field normal to the MEG detector due
Simplified solutions of the Cox-Thompson inverse scattering method at fixed energy
Tamas Palmai; Miklos Horvath; Barnabas Apagyi
2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z
Simplified solutions of the Cox-Thompson inverse quantum scattering method at fixed energy are derived if a finite number of partial waves with only even or odd angular momenta contribute to the scattering process. Based on new formulae various approximate methods are introduced which also prove applicable to the generic scattering events.
Late-to Post-Cretaceous Inversion of the British Isles Tectonic Stylolites at Flamborough Head
Guo, Zaoyang
not much is known about younger inversion events in the UK. Industrial: A lot of the oil and gas traps. Geology 36(11), 839-842. Koehn, D., Renard, F., Toussaint, R., Passchier, C.W. (2007) Growth of stylolite at Flamborough Head, U.K. Journal of Structural Geology 16, 97-107. Application procedure and deadlines
AN INVERSE MID-HIGH FREQUENCY ENERGY METHOD : FORMULATION AND APPLICATIONS
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
and Vibration (ICSV17), Cairo, Egypt, 18-22 July 2010 intensity vectors indicating the energy flowAN INVERSE MID-HIGH FREQUENCY ENERGY METHOD : FORMULATION AND APPLICATIONS O. Bareille, M, avenue Guy de Collongue, 69134 Ecully cedex - France, e-mail: olivier.bareille@ec-lyon.fr An energy
Using inverse-weighting in cost-eectiveness analysis with censored data
Lin, Danyu
Using inverse-weighting in cost-e¡ectiveness analysis with censored data AR Willan Program-weighting is used for censored cost and quality of life data. The methods are illustrated in an example using patient-level cost data in addition to effectiveness outcomes in randomized clinical trials. As a result
Coutinho, Alvaro L. G. A.
the viscoelastic parameters; 3D FEM analysis using High Performance Computing (parallel and vector features) to run Performance Computing. E. M. R. Fairbairn, E. Goulart, A. L. G. A. Coutinho, N. F. F. Ebecken COPPEDurability Assessment of an Arch Dam using Inverse Analysis with Neural Networks and High
DIRECT AND INVERSE MEDIUM SCATTERING IN A 3D HOMOGENEOUS PLANAR WAVEGUIDE
Boyer, Edmond
GINTIDES, AND ARMIN LECHLEITER Abstract. Time-harmonic acoustic waves in an ocean of finite height of bounded penetrable scatterers. More important, we propose the Factorization method for solving inverse for the propagation of time-harmonic acoustic waves in the ocean [1,7,27,29]. In this model, waves traveling inside
Temperature inversion on the surface of externally heated optically thick multigrain dust clouds
Dejan Vinkovic
2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
It was recently discovered that the temperature in the surface layer of externally heated optically thick gray dust clouds increases with the optical depth for some distance from the surface, as opposed to the normal decrease in temperature with distance in the rest of the cloud. This temperature inversion is a result of efficient absorption of diffuse flux from the cloud interior by the surface dust exposed to the external radiation. A micron or bigger size grains experience this effect when the external flux is of stellar spectrum. We explore what happens to the effect when dust is a mixture of grain sizes (multigrain). Two possible boundary conditions are considered: i) a constant external flux without constrains on the dust temperature, and ii) the maximum dust temperature set to the sublimation temperature. We find that the first condition allows small grains to completely suppress the temperature inversion of big grains if the overall opacity is dominated by small grains. The second condition enables big grains to maintain the inversion even when they are a minor contributor to the opacity. In reality, the choice of boundary condition depends on the dust dynamics. When applied to the physics of protoplanetary disks, the temperature inversion leads to a previously unrecognized disk structure where optically thin dust can exist inside the dust destruction radius of an optically thick disk. We conclude that the transition between the dusty disk and the gaseous inner clearing is not a sharp edge, but rather a large optically thin region.
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Figure 5 : Inversed attenuation tomography The Fresnel volume thus defined, also called Fréchet system with the LSQR algorithm : Because the size of the Fresnel volume thus defined is dependent propose to compute the Fresnel weights for a monochromatic wave, increasing its frequency at each step
Inverse electronic scattering from shifted projections within the Fresnel-Kirchhoff formalism
Mayer, Alexandre
Inverse electronic scattering from shifted projections within the Fresnel-Kirchhoff formalism A is that of Fresnel-Kirchhoff, which describes the sample as a two-dimensional mask. By processing simultaneously-dimensional nanometric sample that is observed in Fresnel conditions with an electron energy of 40 eV. The parameters
Simultaneous Inversion of Production Data and Seismic Attributes: Application to a Synthetic
Boyer, Edmond
nouvelles DOI: 10.2516/ogst/2012004 Monitoring of CO2 Sequestration and Hydrocarbon Production M and to build reliable numerical models for representing these formations. This concern recently motivated the development of dedicated inversion or matching techniques for identifying models consistent with all collected
Inverse Modeling and Animation of Growing Single-stemmed Trees at Interactive Rates
Linsen, Lars
residents. Benefits include energy savings, air pol- lutant uptake, CO2 sequestration, storm-water runoffInverse Modeling and Animation of Growing Single-stemmed Trees at Interactive Rates Steffen Rudnick species may best fit a particular environment. The models used for the animation must conform to real
Concrete calcium leaching at variable temperature: experimental data and numerical model inverse
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
, concrete porous solution is very basic (pH around 13) and several ionic species are highly concentrated [1Concrete calcium leaching at variable temperature: experimental data and numerical model inverse/DSU/SSIAD/BERIS, Fontenay-aux-Roses, France Abstract A simplified model for calcium leaching in concrete is presented
The "Inverse CSI Effect": Evidence from E-crime Data Richard E Overill
Overill, Richard E.
reported that in a private conversation in July 2011 Lord Justice Leveson claimed to have coined the term Effect" which ex- amines how an actual or potential criminal might be expected to react to the CSI Effect of cyber-criminals. If the proposed Inverse CSI Effect were indeed operative in the cyber domain, causing
Menut, Laurent
Inverse modeling of surface emissions for local pollution: A new methodology applied to academic; (2) LISA Creteil France Needs: Optimize surface emissions using daily recorded ozone and NOX by PRIMEQUAL2, program of the french ministry of environment Firstguess emissions inventory for the Paris
Near-field inverse scattering and image Images, projections, tomographs, reconstructions.
scanning tunnelling microscopy," Journ. Opt.A: Pure and Appl. Opt. 4 S140-S144 (2002) P Scott Carney Â· Diffractive elements http://optics.beckman.uiuc.edu P Scott Carney #12;References P Scott Carney and John C Schotland,"Inverse scattering for near-field microscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2798 (2000). P Scott Carney
Knowles, Ian W.
Inverse groundwater modelling in the Willunga Basin, South Australia Ian Knowles & Michael Teubner flow, based on a functional minimization technique, has been used to calibrate a groundwater flow model is the location of extensive viticulture, irrigated primarily by groundwater, the levels and quality of which have
Particle Physics Implications of a Recent Test of the Gravitational Inverse Square Law
E. G. Adelberger; B. R. Heckel; S. Hoedl; C. D. Hoyle; D. J. Kapner; A. Upadhye
2007-02-07T23:59:59.000Z
We use data from our recent search for violations of the gravitational inverse-square law to constrain dilaton, radion and chameleon exchange forces as well as arbitrary vector or scalar interactions. We test the interpretation of the PVLAS effect and a conjectured ``fat graviton'' scenario and constrain the $\\gamma_5$ couplings of pseuodscalar bosons and arbitrary power-law interactions.
A sliced inverse regression approach for data stream Marie Chavent1,2
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
regression model involving a common EDR (Effective Dimension Reduction) direction is assumed in each block consists of pooling all the observed blocks and estimating the EDR direction by the SIR (Sliced Inverse.e., drift in the EDR direction or aberrant blocks in the data stream. In a simulation study, we illustrate
A sliced inverse regression approach for data stream Marie Chavent1,2
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
regression model involving a common EDR (Effective Dimension Reduction) direction is assumed in each block consists of pooling all the observed blocks and estimating the EDR direction by the SIR (Sliced Inverse. A graphical tool is also provided in order to detect changes in the underlying model, i.e., drift in the EDR
Seismic Velocity Inversion with Genetic Algorithms Sushil J. Louis Qinxue Chen
Louis, Sushil J.
Seismic Velocity Inversion with Genetic Algorithms Sushil J. Louis Qinxue Chen Genetic AdaptiveÂsurface models from seismic travelÂtime data. Given a subÂsurface model, the physics of wave propagation through refractive media can be used to compute travel times for seismic waves. HowÂ ever, in practice, we have
Second-order adjoint state methods for Full Waveform Inversion June 25, 2013
of Gauss-Newton method compared to the steepest descent one in a canonical application. Hu et al. (2011 propose an efficient matrix-free Hessian- vector formalism, that should allow to tackle Gauss-Newton (GN of the interest of accounting for the exact Hessian in the inversion process. The final aim is to tackle Gauss
A NONLINEAR INVERSE SCALE SPACE METHOD FOR A CONVEX MULTIPLICATIVE NOISE MODEL
Soatto, Stefano
AND STANLEY OSHER Abstract. We are motivated by a recently developed nonlinear inverse scale space method to an iterative regularization method based on the Bregman distance in [21], motivated by Meyer's analysis in [19 (). In order to preserve the texture information Meyer suggested a modified variational problem using the space
Petrophysical inversion of borehole array-induction logs: Part II --Field data examples
Torres-Verdín, Carlos
Petrophysical inversion of borehole array-induction logs: Part II -- Field data examples Carlos with over 30,000 wells Sorenson, 2005 . Reservoir flow units consist of rela- tively thin 210 m marine carbonates along with fine-grained clastics and shales. The penetrated thickness of the formation in the two
Sun, Yu; Hou, Zhangshuan; Huang, Maoyi; Tian, Fuqiang; Leung, Lai-Yung R.
2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z
This study demonstrates the possibility of inverting hydrologic parameters using surface flux and runoff observations in version 4 of the Community Land Model (CLM4). Previous studies showed that surface flux and runoff calculations are sensitive to major hydrologic parameters in CLM4 over different watersheds, and illustrated the necessity and possibility of parameter calibration. Two inversion strategies, the deterministic least-square fitting and stochastic Markov-Chain Monte-Carlo (MCMC) - Bayesian inversion approaches, are evaluated by applying them to CLM4 at selected sites. The unknowns to be estimated include surface and subsurface runoff generation parameters and vadose zone soil water parameters. We find that using model parameters calibrated by the least-square fitting provides little improvements in the model simulations but the sampling-based stochastic inversion approaches are consistent - as more information comes in, the predictive intervals of the calibrated parameters become narrower and the misfits between the calculated and observed responses decrease. In general, parameters that are identified to be significant through sensitivity analyses and statistical tests are better calibrated than those with weak or nonlinear impacts on flux or runoff observations. Temporal resolution of observations has larger impacts on the results of inverse modeling using heat flux data than runoff data. Soil and vegetation cover have important impacts on parameter sensitivities, leading to the different patterns of posterior distributions of parameters at different sites. Overall, the MCMC-Bayesian inversion approach effectively and reliably improves the simulation of CLM under different climates and environmental conditions. Bayesian model averaging of the posterior estimates with different reference acceptance probabilities can smooth the posterior distribution and provide more reliable parameter estimates, but at the expense of wider uncertainty bounds.
F. S. Kitaura; T. A. Ensslin
2009-11-06T23:59:59.000Z
We address the inverse problem of cosmic large-scale structure reconstruction from a Bayesian perspective. For a linear data model, a number of known and novel reconstruction schemes, which differ in terms of the underlying signal prior, data likelihood, and numerical inverse extra-regularization schemes are derived and classified. The Bayesian methodology presented in this paper tries to unify and extend the following methods: Wiener-filtering, Tikhonov regularization, Ridge regression, Maximum Entropy, and inverse regularization techniques. The inverse techniques considered here are the asymptotic regularization, the Jacobi, Steepest Descent, Newton-Raphson, Landweber-Fridman, and both linear and non-linear Krylov methods based on Fletcher-Reeves, Polak-Ribiere, and Hestenes-Stiefel Conjugate Gradients. The structures of the up-to-date highest-performing algorithms are presented, based on an operator scheme, which permits one to exploit the power of fast Fourier transforms. Using such an implementation of the generalized Wiener-filter in the novel ARGO-software package, the different numerical schemes are benchmarked with 1-, 2-, and 3-dimensional problems including structured white and Poissonian noise, data windowing and blurring effects. A novel numerical Krylov scheme is shown to be superior in terms of performance and fidelity. These fast inverse methods ultimately will enable the application of sampling techniques to explore complex joint posterior distributions. We outline how the space of the dark-matter density field, the peculiar velocity field, and the power spectrum can jointly be investigated by a Gibbs-sampling process. Such a method can be applied for the redshift distortions correction of the observed galaxies and for time-reversal reconstructions of the initial density field.
Milutinovi?, A. [Institute of Physics, University of Belgrade, Pregrevica 118, Zemun, Belgrade (Serbia); Lazarevi?, Z., E-mail: lzorica@yahoo.com [Institute of Physics, University of Belgrade, Pregrevica 118, Zemun, Belgrade (Serbia); Jovaleki?, ?. [Institute for Multidisciplinary Research, University of Belgrade, Belgrade (Serbia); Kuryliszyn-Kudelska, I. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Rom?evi?, M.; Kosti?, S.; Rom?evi?, N. [Institute of Physics, University of Belgrade, Pregrevica 118, Zemun, Belgrade (Serbia)
2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Nano powder of ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} prepared by a soft mechanochemical route after 18 h milling. • Phase formation controlled by XRD, Raman spectroscopy and magnetic measurements. • Size, strain and cation inversion degree determined by Rietveld refinement. • We were able to estimate the degree of inversion at most 0.348 and 0.4. • Obtained extremely high values of saturation magnetizations at T = 4.5 K. - Abstract: Two zinc ferrite nanoparticle materials were prepared by the same method – soft mechanochemical synthesis, but starting from different powder mixtures: (1) Zn(OH){sub 2}/?-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} and (2) Zn(OH){sub 2}/Fe(OH){sub 3}. In both cases a single phase system was obtained after 18 h of milling. The progress of the synthesis was controlled by X-ray diffractometry (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, TEM and magnetic measurements. Analysis of the XRD patterns by Rietveld refinement allowed determination of the cation inversion degree for both obtained single phase ZnFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} samples. The sample obtained from mixture (1) has the cation inversion degree 0.3482 and the sample obtained from mixture (2) 0.400. Magnetization measurements were confirmed that the degrees of the inversion were well estimated. Comparison with published data shows that used method of synthesis gives nano powder samples with extremely high values of saturation magnetizations: sample (1) 78.3 emu g{sup ?1} and sample (2) 91.5 emu g{sup ?1} at T = 4.5 K.
Single- and coupled-channel radial inverse scattering with supersymmetric transformations
Daniel Baye; Jean-Marc Sparenberg; Andrey M Pupasov-Maksimov; Boris F Samsonov
2014-06-13T23:59:59.000Z
The present status of the coupled-channel inverse-scattering method with supersymmetric transformations is reviewed. We first revisit in a pedagogical way the single-channel case, where the supersymmetric approach is shown to provide a complete solution to the inverse-scattering problem. A special emphasis is put on the differences between conservative and non-conservative transformations. In particular, we show that for the zero initial potential, a non-conservative transformation is always equivalent to a pair of conservative transformations. These single-channel results are illustrated on the inversion of the neutron-proton triplet eigenphase shifts for the S and D waves. We then summarize and extend our previous works on the coupled-channel case and stress remaining difficulties and open questions. We mostly concentrate on two-channel examples to illustrate general principles while keeping mathematics as simple as possible. In particular, we discuss the difference between the equal-threshold and different-threshold problems. For equal thresholds, conservative transformations can provide non-diagonal Jost and scattering matrices. Iterations of such transformations are shown to lead to practical algorithms for inversion. A convenient technique where the mixing parameter is fitted independently of the eigenphases is developed with iterations of pairs of conjugate transformations and applied to the neutron-proton triplet S-D scattering matrix, for which exactly-solvable matrix potential models are constructed. For different thresholds, conservative transformations do not seem to be able to provide a non-trivial coupling between channels. In contrast, a single non-conservative transformation can generate coupled-channel potentials starting from the zero potential and is a promising first step towards a full solution to the coupled-channel inverse problem with threshold differences.
Al-doped ZnO inverse opal networks as efficient electron collectors in BiVO4 photoanodes for solar
Steiner, Ullrich
Al-doped ZnO inverse opal networks as efficient electron collectors in BiVO4 photoanodes for solar-doped ZnO inverse opal network is introduced into a BiVO4 photoanode. The conductive inverse opal network of photogenerated charge carriers limits the performance of photoelectrodes for solar water splitting. To reduce
Linde, Niklas; Tryggvason, Ari; Peterson, John; Hubbard, Susan
2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
The structural approach to joint inversion, entailing common boundaries or gradients, offers a flexible way to invert diverse types of surface-based and/or crosshole geophysical data. The cross-gradients function has been introduced as a means to construct models in which spatial changes in two models are parallel or anti-parallel. Inversion methods that use such structural constraints also provide estimates of non-linear and non-unique field-scale relationships between model parameters. Here, we invert jointly crosshole radar and seismic traveltimes for structurally similar models using an iterative non-linear traveltime tomography algorithm. Application of the inversion scheme to synthetic data demonstrates that it better resolves lithological boundaries than the individual inversions. Tests of the scheme on observed radar and seismic data acquired within a shallow aquifer illustrate that the resultant models have improved correlations with flowmeter data than with models based on individual inversions. The highest correlation with the flowmeter data is obtained when the joint inversion is combined with a stochastic regularization operator, where the vertical integral scale is estimated from the flowmeter data. Point-spread functions shows that the most significant resolution improvements of the joint inversion is in the horizontal direction.
Ramirez, A; Mcnab, W; Hao, Y; White, D; Johnson, J
2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z
During the last months of this project, our project activities have concentrated on four areas: (1) performing a stochastic inversion of pattern 16 seismic data to deduce reservoir bulk/shear moduli and density; the need for this inversion was not anticipated in the original scope of work, (2) performing a stochastic inversion of pattern 16 seismic data to deduce reservoir porosity and permeability, (3) complete the software needed to perform geochemical inversions and (4) use the software to perform stochastic inversion of aqueous chemistry data to deduce mineral volume fractions. This report builds on work described in progress reports previously submitted (Ramirez et al., 2009, 2010, 2011 - reports fulfilled the requirements of deliverables D1-D4) and fulfills deliverable D5: Field-based single-pattern simulations work product. The main challenge with our stochastic inversion approach is its large computational expense, even for single reservoir patterns. We dedicated a significant level of effort to improve computational efficiency but inversions involving multiple patterns were still intractable by project's end. As a result, we were unable to fulfill Deliverable D6: Field-based multi-pattern simulations work product.
Pahn, T.; Jonkman, J.; Rolges, R.; Robertson, A.
2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Physically measuring the dynamic responses of wind turbine support structures enables the calculation of the applied loads using an inverse procedure. In this process, inverse means deriving the inputs/forces from the outputs/responses. This paper presents results of a numerical verification of such an inverse load calculation. For this verification, the comprehensive simulation code FAST is used. FAST accounts for the coupled dynamics of wind inflow, aerodynamics, elasticity and turbine controls. Simulations are run using a 5-MW onshore wind turbine model with a tubular tower. Both the applied loads due to the instantaneous wind field and the resulting system responses are known from the simulations. Using the system responses as inputs to the inverse calculation, the applied loads are calculated, which in this case are the rotor thrust forces. These forces are compared to the rotor thrust forces known from the FAST simulations. The results of these comparisons are presented to assess the accuracy of the inverse calculation. To study the influences of turbine controls, load cases in normal operation between cut-in and rated wind speed, near rated wind speed and between rated and cut-out wind speed are chosen. The presented study shows that the inverse load calculation is capable of computing very good estimates of the rotor thrust. The accuracy of the inverse calculation does not depend on the control activity of the wind turbine.
Computation & design for nanophotonics
Oskooi, Ardavan F
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The versatility of computational design as an alternative to design by nanofabrication has made computers a reliable design tool in nanophotonics. Given that almost any 2d pattern can be fabricated at infrared length scales, ...
Comparing radiative and recoil corrections in neutron beta-decay and inverse beta-decay
U. Raha; F. Myhrer; K. Kubodera
2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z
The inverse $\\beta$-decay reaction, anti-nu_e + p --> e^+ + n, for low-energy anti-neutrinos coming from nuclear reactors is of great current interest in connection with high-precision measurements of the neutrino mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$. We have previously derived analytic expressions, up to next-to-leading order in heavy-baryon chiral perturbation theory, for the radiative corrections (RCs) and the nucleon-recoil corrections both for this reaction and for the related neutron $\\beta$-decay process. We investigate here the numerical consequences of these analytic expressions. We show that the recoil corrections are small for neutron $\\beta$-decay, but for inverse $\\beta$-decay, the recoil corrections are comparable in size to the RCs for typical energies of reactor anti-neutrinos, and they have opposite signs. It turns out that the RCs and the recoil corrections exhibit very different dependences on the neutrino energy.
SOLA inversions for the core structure of solar-type stars
Sarbani Basu; J. Christensen-Dalsgaard; M. J. Thompson
2001-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
The Subtractive Optimally Localized Averages (SOLA) method, developed and extensively used in helioseismology, is applied to artificial data to obtain measures of the sound speed inside a solar-type star. In contrast to inversion methods which fit models to some aspect of the data, methods such as SOLA provide an honest assessment of what can truly be resolved using seismic data, without introducing additional assumptions such as that the space of admissible stellar models is small. The resulting measures obtained from SOLA inversion can subsequently be used to eliminate putative stellar models. Here we present results of experiments to test the reliability of SOLA inferences using solar models and models of solar-type stars.
Testing the inversion of asteroids' Gaia photometry combined with ground-based observations
Santana-Ros, T; Micha?owski, T; Tanga, P; Cellino, A
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We investigated the reliability of the genetic algorithm which will be used to invert the photometric measurements of asteroids collected by the European Space Agency Gaia mission. To do that, we performed several sets of simulations for 10 000 asteroids having different spin axis orientations, rotational periods and shapes. The observational epochs used for each simulation were extracted from the Gaia mission simulator developed at the Observatoire de la C\\^{o}te d'Azur, while the brightness was generated using a Z-buffer standard graphic method. We also explored the influence on the inversion results of contaminating the data set with Gaussian noise with different $\\sigma$ values. The research enabled us to determine a correlation between the reliability of the inversion method and the asteroid's pole latitude. In particular, the results are biased for asteroids having quasi-spherical shapes and low pole latitudes. This effect is caused by the low lightcurve amplitude observed under such circumstances, as t...
SOUND-SPEED INVERSION OF THE SUN USING A NONLOCAL STATISTICAL CONVECTION THEORY
Zhang Chunguang; Deng Licai [Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China); Xiong Darun [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China); Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jorgen, E-mail: cgzhang@nao.cas.cn [Stellar Astrophysics Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)
2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Helioseismic inversions reveal a major discrepancy in sound speed between the Sun and the standard solar model just below the base of the solar convection zone. We demonstrate that this discrepancy is caused by the inherent shortcomings of the local mixing-length theory adopted in the standard solar model. Using a self-consistent nonlocal convection theory, we construct an envelope model of the Sun for sound-speed inversion. Our solar model has a very smooth transition from the convective envelope to the radiative interior, and the convective energy flux changes sign crossing the boundaries of the convection zone. It shows evident improvement over the standard solar model, with a significant reduction in the discrepancy in sound speed between the Sun and local convection models.
Rao-Blackwellised Interacting Markov Chain Monte Carlo for Electromagnetic Scattering Inversion
Giraud, François
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The following electromagnetism (EM) inverse problem is addressed. It consists in estimating local radioelectric properties of materials recovering an object from the global EM scattering measurement, at various incidences and wave frequencies. This large scale ill-posed inverse problem is explored by an intensive exploitation of an efficient 2D Maxwell solver, distributed on High Performance Computing (HPC) machines. Applied to a large training data set, a statistical analysis reduces the problem to a simpler probabilistic metamodel, on which Bayesian inference can be performed. Considering the radioelectric properties as a dynamic stochastic process, evolving in function of the frequency, it is shown how advanced Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods, called Sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) or interacting particles, can provide estimations of the EM properties of each material, and their associated uncertainties.
Building accurate initial models using gain functions for waveform inversion in the Laplace domain
Wansoo Ha; Changsoo Shin
2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z
We suggest an initial model building technique using time gain functions in the Laplace domain. Applying the gain expressed as a power of time is equivalent to taking the partial derivative of the Laplace-domain wavefield with respect to a damping constant. We construct an objective function, which minimizes the logarithmic differences between the gained field data and the partial derivative of the modeled data with respect to the damping constant. We calculate the modeled wavefield, the partial derivative wavefield, and the gradient direction in the Laplace domain using the analytic Green's function starting from a constant velocity model. This is an efficient method to generate an accurate initial model for a following Laplace-domain inversion. Numerical examples using two marine field datasets confirm that a starting model updated once from a scratch using the gradient direction calculated with the proposed method can be successfully used for a subsequent Laplace-domain inversion.
Strategy for the inversion of Hinode spectropolarimetric measurements in the quiet Sun
D. Orozco Suarez; L. R. Bellot Rubio; J. C. del Toro Iniesta; S. Tsuneta; B. W. Lites; K. Ichimoto; Y. Katsukawa; S. Nagata; T. Shimizu; R. A. Shine; Y. Suematsu; T. D. Tarbell; A. M. Title
2007-09-13T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we propose an inversion strategy for the analysis of spectropolarimetric measurements taken by {\\em Hinode} in the quiet Sun. The spectropolarimeter of the Solar Optical Telescope aboard {\\em Hinode} records the Stokes spectra of the \\ion{Fe}{i} line pair at 630.2 nm with unprecendented angular resolution, high spectral resolution, and high sensitivity. We discuss the need to consider a {\\em local} stray-light contamination to account for the effects of telescope diffraction. The strategy is applied to observations of a wide quiet Sun area at disk center. Using these data we examine the influence of noise and initial guess models in the inversion results. Our analysis yields the distributions of magnetic field strengths and stray-light factors. They show that quiet Sun internetwork regions consist mainly of hG fields with stray-light contaminations of about 0.8.
Ash plume properties retrieved from infrared images: a forward and inverse modeling approach
Cerminara, Matteo; Valade, Sébastien; Harris, Andrew J L
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a coupled fluid-dynamic and electromagnetic model for volcanic ash plumes. In a forward approach, the model is able to simulate the plume dynamics from prescribed input flow conditions and generate the corresponding synthetic thermal infrared (TIR) image, allowing a comparison with field-based observations. An inversion procedure is then developed to retrieve ash plume properties from TIR images. The adopted fluid-dynamic model is based on a one-dimensional, stationary description of a self-similar (top-hat) turbulent plume, for which an asymptotic analytical solution is obtained. The electromagnetic emission/absorption model is based on the Schwarzschild's equation and on Mie's theory for disperse particles, assuming that particles are coarser than the radiation wavelength and neglecting scattering. [...] Application of the inversion procedure to an ash plume at Santiaguito volcano (Guatemala) has allowed us to retrieve the main plume input parameters, namely the initial radius $b_0$, velocity $U_...
Inverse scattering J-matrix approach to nucleon-nucleus scattering and the shell model
A. M. Shirokov; A. I. Mazur; J. P. Vary; E. A. Mazur
2008-10-06T23:59:59.000Z
The $J$-matrix inverse scattering approach can be used as an alternative to a conventional $R$-matrix in analyzing scattering phase shifts and extracting resonance energies and widths from experimental data. A great advantage of the $J$-matrix is that it provides eigenstates directly related to the ones obtained in the shell model in a given model space and with a given value of the oscillator spacing $\\hbar\\Omega$. This relationship is of a particular interest in the cases when a many-body system does not have a resonant state or the resonance is broad and its energy can differ significantly from the shell model eigenstate. We discuss the $J$-matrix inverse scattering technique, extend it for the case of charged colliding particles and apply it to the analysis of $n\\alpha$ and $p\\alpha$ scattering. The results are compared with the No-core Shell Model calculations of $^5$He and $^5$Li.
Spectroscopy of Double-Beta and Inverse-Beta Decays from 100Mo for Neutrinos
H. Ejiri; J. Engel; R. Hazama; P. Krastev; N. Kudomi; R. G. H. Robertson
2000-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Spectroscopic studies of two beta-rays from 100Mo are shown to be of potential interest for investigating both the Majorana neutrino mass by neutrinoless double beta-decay and low energy solar neutrino's by inverse beta-decay. With a multi-ton 100Mo detector, coincidence studies of correlated beta-beta from neutrinoless double beta-decay, together with the large Q value, permit identification of the neutrino-mass term with a sensitivity of ~ 0.03 eV. Correlation studies of the inverse beta and the successive beta-decay of 100Tc, together with the large capture rates for low energy solar neutrino's, make it possible to detect in realtime individual low energy solar neutrino in the same detector.
Experimental Observation of the Inverse Spin Hall Effect at Room Temperature
Liu, Baoli; Shi, Junren; Wang, Wenxin; Zhao, Hongming; Li, Dafang; /Beijing, Inst. Phys.; Zhang, Shoucheng; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Xue, Qikun; Chen, Dongmin; /Beijing, Inst. Phys.
2010-03-16T23:59:59.000Z
We observe the inverse spin Hall effect in a two-dimensional electron gas confined in Al-GaAs/InGaAs quantum wells. Specifically, they find that an inhomogeneous spin density induced by the optical injection gives rise to an electric current transverse to both the spin polarization and its gradient. The spin Hall conductivity can be inferred from such a measurement through the Einstein relation and the onsager relation, and is found to have the order of magnitude of 0.5(e{sup 2}/h). The observation is made at the room temperature and in samples with macroscopic sizes, suggesting that the inverse spin Hall effects is a robust macroscopic transport phenomenon.
Alexandre Jollivet
2013-06-16T23:59:59.000Z
We define scattering data for the Newton equation in a potential $V\\in C^2(\\R^n,\\R)$, $n\\ge2$, that decays at infinity like $r^{-\\alpha}$ for some $\\alpha\\in (0,1]$. We provide estimates on the scattering solutions and scattering data and we prove, in particular, that the scattering data at high energies uniquely determine the short range part of the potential up to the knowledge of the long range tail of the potential. The Born approximation at fixed energy of the scattering data is also considered. We then change the definition of the scattering data to study inverse scattering in other asymptotic regimes. These results were obtained by developing the inverse scattering approach of [Novikov, 1999].
Ram Lal Awasthi; M. K. Parida; Sudhanwa Patra
2013-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
In the inverse seesaw extension of the standard model, supersymmetric or non-supersymmetric, while the light left-handed neutrinos are Majorana, the heavy right-handed neutrinos are pseudo-Dirac fermions. We show how one of these latter category of particles can contribute quite significantly to neutrinoless double beta decay. The neutrino virtuality momentum is found to play a crucial role in the non-standard contributions leading to the prediction of the pseudo-Dirac fermion mass in the range of $120\\, {MeV}-500\\, {MeV}$. When the Dirac neutrino mass matrix in the inverse seesaw formula is similar to the up-quark mass matrix, characteristic of high scale quark-lepton symmetric origin, the predicted branching ratios for lepton flavor violating decays are also found to be closer to the accessible range of ongoing experiments.
Pragmatic SAE procedure in the Schrodinger equation for the inverse-square-like potentials
Nadareishvili, Teimuraz
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Self-Adjoint Extension in the Schrodinger equation for potentials behaved as an attractive inverse square at the origin is critically reviewed. Original results are also presented. It is shown that the additional non-regular solutions must be retained for definite interval of parameters, which requires a necessity of performing a Self-Adjoint Extension (SAE) procedure of radial Hamiltonian.The Pragmatic approach is used and some of its consequences are considered for wide class of transitive potentials. Our consideration is based on the established earlier by us a boundary condition for the radial wave function and the corresponding consequences are derived. Various relevant applications are presented as well. They are: inverse square potential in the Schrodinger equation is solved when the additional non-regular solution is retained. Valence electron model and the Klein-Gordon equation with the Coulomb potential is considered and the hydrino -like levels are discussed.
Pragmatic SAE procedure in the Schrodinger equation for the inverse-square-like potentials
Teimuraz Nadareishvili; Anzor Khelashvili
2012-10-14T23:59:59.000Z
The Self-Adjoint Extension in the Schrodinger equation for potentials behaved as an attractive inverse square at the origin is critically reviewed. Original results are also presented. It is shown that the additional non-regular solutions must be retained for definite interval of parameters, which requires a necessity of performing a Self-Adjoint Extension (SAE) procedure of radial Hamiltonian.The Pragmatic approach is used and some of its consequences are considered for wide class of transitive potentials. Our consideration is based on the established earlier by us a boundary condition for the radial wave function and the corresponding consequences are derived. Various relevant applications are presented as well. They are: inverse square potential in the Schrodinger equation is solved when the additional non-regular solution is retained. Valence electron model and the Klein-Gordon equation with the Coulomb potential is considered and the hydrino -like levels are discussed.
Impeded inverse energy transfer in the Charney--Hasegawa--Mima model of quasi-geostrophic flows
Chuong V. Tran; David G. Dritschel
2005-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
The behaviour of turbulent flows within the single-layer quasi-geostrophic (Charney--Hasegawa--Mima) model is shown to be strongly dependent on the Rossby deformation wavenumber $\\lambda$ (or free-surface elasticity). Herein, we derive a bound on the inverse energy transfer, specifically on the growth rate $\\d\\ell/\\dt$ of the characteristic length scale $\\ell$ representing the energy centroid. It is found that $\\d\\ell/\\dt\\le2\
New inverse quasifission mechanism to produce neutron-rich transfermium nuclei
Kedziora, David J. [Department of Nuclear Physics, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200 (Australia); Simenel, Cedric [Department of Nuclear Physics, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200 (Australia); CEA, Centre de Saclay, IRFU/Service de Physique Nucleaire, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
Based on time-dependent Hartree-Fock theory, a new inverse quasifission mechanism is proposed to produce neutron-rich transfermium nuclei in the collision of prolate deformed actinides. Calculations show that the collision of the tip of one nucleus with the side of the other results in a nucleon flux toward the latter. The roles of nucleon evaporation and impact parameter, as well as collision time, are discussed.
Saha, Debajyoti, E-mail: debajyoti.saha@saha.ac.in; Kumar Shaw, Pankaj; Janaki, M. S.; Sekar Iyengar, A. N.; Ghosh, Sabuj; Mitra, Vramori, E-mail: vramorimitra@yahoo.com; Michael Wharton, Alpha [Plasma Physics Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF, Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700064 (India)] [Plasma Physics Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF, Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700064 (India)
2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
Order-chaos-order was observed in the relaxation oscillations of a glow discharge plasma with variation in the discharge voltage. The first transition exhibits an inverse homoclinic bifurcation followed by a homoclinic bifurcation in the second transition. For the two regimes of observations, a detailed analysis of correlation dimension, Lyapunov exponent, and Renyi entropy was carried out to explore the complex dynamics of the system.
Alloatti, L.; Lauermann, M.; Koos, C.; Freude, W. [Institutes IPQ and IMT, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe 76131 (Germany)] [Institutes IPQ and IMT, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe 76131 (Germany); Sürgers, C. [Physikalisches Institut and DFG-Center for Functional Nanostructures, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, P. O. Box 6980, Karlsruhe 76049 (Germany)] [Physikalisches Institut and DFG-Center for Functional Nanostructures, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, P. O. Box 6980, Karlsruhe 76049 (Germany); Leuthold, J. [Institutes IPQ and IMT, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe 76131 (Germany) [Institutes IPQ and IMT, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe 76131 (Germany); Institute of Electromagnetic Fields (IFH), ETH Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland)
2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z
We determine the optical losses in gate-induced charge accumulation/inversion layers at a Si/SiO{sub 2} interface. Comparison between gate-induced charge layers and ion-implanted thin silicon films having an identical sheet resistance shows that optical losses can be significantly lower for gate-induced layers. For a given sheet resistance, holes produce higher optical loss than electrons. Measurements have been performed at ? = 1550 nm.
Three-dimensional gravity modeling and focusing inversion using rectangular meshes.
Commer, M.
2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Rectangular grid cells are commonly used for the geophysical modeling of gravity anomalies, owing to their flexibility in constructing complex models. The straightforward handling of cubic cells in gravity inversion algorithms allows for a flexible imposition of model regularization constraints, which are generally essential in the inversion of static potential field data. The first part of this paper provides a review of commonly used expressions for calculating the gravity of a right polygonal prism, both for gravity and gradiometry, where the formulas of Plouff and Forsberg are adapted. The formulas can be cast into general forms practical for implementation. In the second part, a weighting scheme for resolution enhancement at depth is presented. Modelling the earth using highly digitized meshes, depth weighting schemes are typically applied to the model objective functional, subject to minimizing the data misfit. The scheme proposed here involves a non-linear conjugate gradient inversion scheme with a weighting function applied to the non-linear conjugate gradient scheme's gradient vector of the objective functional. The low depth resolution due to the quick decay of the gravity kernel functions is counteracted by suppressing the search directions in the parameter space that would lead to near-surface concentrations of gravity anomalies. Further, a density parameter transformation function enabling the imposition of lower and upper bounding constraints is employed. Using synthetic data from models of varying complexity and a field data set, it is demonstrated that, given an adequate depth weighting function, the gravity inversion in the transform space can recover geologically meaningful models requiring a minimum of prior information and user interaction.
Inverse fixed energy scattering problem for the two-dimensional nonlinear Schroedinger operator
Georgios Fotopoulos; Valery Serov
2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
This work studies the direct and inverse fixed energy scattering problem for two-dimensional Schroedinger equation with rather general nonlinear index of refraction. In particular, using the Born approximation we prove that all singularities of the unknown compactly supported potential from $L^2$-space can be obtained uniquely by the scattering data with fixed positive energy. The proof is based on the new estimates for the Faddeev-Green's function in $L^\\infty$-space.
Observation of an Inverse Energy Cascade in Developed Acoustic Turbulence in Superfluid Helium
A. N. Ganshin; V. B. Efimov; G. V. Kolmakov; L. P. Mezhov-Deglin; P. V. E. McClintock
2009-01-27T23:59:59.000Z
We report observation of an inverse energy cascade in second sound acoustic turbulence in He II. Its onset occurs above a critical driving energy and it is accompanied by giant waves that constitute an acoustic analogue of the rogue waves that occasionally appear on the surface of the ocean. The theory of the phenomenon is developed and shown to be in good agreement with the experiments.
Observation of transient gain without population inversion in a laser-cooled rubidium lambda system
S. R. de Echaniz; Andrew D. Greentree; A. V. Durrant; D. M. Segal; J. P. Marangos; J. A. Vaccaro
2001-05-17T23:59:59.000Z
We have observed clear Rabi oscillations of a weak probe in a strongly driven three-level lambda system in laser-cooled rubidium for the first time. When the coupling field is non-adiabatically switched on using a Pockels cell, transient probe gain without population inversion is obtained in the presence of uncoupled absorptions. Our results are supported by three-state computations.
A Turbulent Constitutive Law for the Two-Dimensional Inverse Energy Cascade
Gregory L. Eyink
2005-12-10T23:59:59.000Z
We develop a fundamental approach to a turbulent constitutive law for the 2D inverse cascade, based upon a convergent multi-scale gradient (MSG) expansion. To first order in gradients we find that the turbulent stress generated by small-scale eddies is proportional not to strain but instead to `skew-strain,' i.e. the strain tensor rotated by $45^\\circ.$ The skew-strain from a given scale of motion makes no contribution to energy flux across eddies at that scale, so that the inverse cascade cannot be strongly scale-local. We show that this conclusion extends a result of Kraichnan for spectral transfer and is due to absence of vortex-stretching in 2D. This `weakly local' mechanism of inverse cascade requires a relative rotation between the principal directions of strain at different scales and we argue for this using both the dynamical equations of motion and also a heuristic model of `thinning' of small-scale vortices by an imposed large-scale strain. Carrying out our expansion to second-order in gradients, we find two additional terms in the stress that can contribute to energy cascade. The first is a Newtonian stress with an `eddy-viscosity' due to differential strain-rotation, and the second is a tensile stress exerted along vorticity contour-lines. The latter was anticipated by Kraichnan for a very special model situation of small-scale vortex wave-packets in a uniform strain field. We prove a proportionality in 2D between the mean rates of differential strain-rotation and of vorticity-gradient stretching, analogous to a similar relation of Betchov for 3D. According to this result the second-order stresses will also contribute to inverse cascade when, as is plausible, vorticity contour-lines lengthen on average by turbulent advection.
Iliassov, Pavel Alexandrovich
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
INVERSION OF FIELD-SCALE PARTITIONING TRACER RESPONSE FOR CHARACTERIZING OIL SATURATION DISTRIBUTION: A STREAMLINE APPROACH A Thesis by PAVEL ALEXANDROVICH ILIASSOV Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... A Thesis by PAVEL ALEXANDROVICH ILIASSOV Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: c 4- Akhil Datta-Gupta (Chair of Committee...
Franta, G.; Baylin, F.; Crowther, R.; Dubin, F.; Grace, A., Griffith, J.W.; Holtz, M.; Kutscher, C.; Nordham, D.; Selkowitz, S.; Villecco, M.
1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
This Solar Design Workbook presents solar building design applications for commercial buildir^s. The book is divided into four sections. The first section describes the variety of solar applications in buildings including conservation aspects, solar fundamentals, passive systems, active systems, daylighting, and other solar options. Solar system design evaluation techniques including considerations for building energy requirements, passive systems, active systems, and economics are presented in Section II. The third section attempts to assist the designer in the building design process for energy conservation and solar applications including options and considerations for pre-design, design, and post-design phases. The information required for the solar design proee^ has not been fully developed at this time. Therefore, Section III is incomplete, but an overview of the considerations with some of the design proces elements is presented. Section IV illustrates ease studies that utilize solar applications in the building design.
Inverse-Compton Emission from Clusters of Galaxies: Predictions for ASTRO-H
Bartels, Richard; Ando, Shin'ichiro
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The intra-cluster medium of several galaxy clusters hosts large-scale regions of diffuse synchrotron radio emission, known as radio halos and relics, which demonstrate the presence of magnetic fields and relativistic electrons in clusters. These relativistic electrons should also emit X-rays through inverse-Compton scattering off of cosmic microwave background photons. The detection of such a non-thermal X-ray component, together with the radio measurement, would permit to clearly separate the magnetic field from the relativistic electron distribution as the inverse-Compton emission is independent from the magnetic field in the cluster. However, non-thermal X-rays have not been conclusively detected from any cluster of galaxies so far. In this paper, for the first time, we model the synchrotron and inverse-Compton emission of all clusters hosting radio halos and relics for which the spectral index can be determined. We provide constraints on the volume-average magnetic field by comparing with current X-ray me...
Dirk Veestraeten
2015-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
The Laplace transforms of the transition probability density and distribution functions for the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process contain the product of two parabolic cylinder functions, namely D_{v}(x)D_{v}(y) and D_{v}(x)D_{v-1}(y), respectively. The inverse transforms of these products have as yet not been documented. However, the transition density and distribution functions can be obtained by alternatively applying Doob's transform to the Kolmogorov equation and casting the problem in terms of Brownian motion. Linking the resulting transition density and distribution functions to their Laplace transforms then specifies the inverse transforms to the aforementioned products of parabolic cylinder functions. These two results, the recurrence relation of the parabolic cylinder function and the properties of the Laplace transform then enable the calculation of inverse transforms also for countless other combinations in the orders of the parabolic cylinder functions such as D_{v}(x)D_{v-2}(y), D_{v+1}(x)D_{v-1}(y) and D_{v}(x)D_{v-3}(y).
Method for the preparation of metal colloids in inverse micelles and product preferred by the method
Wilcoxon, Jess P. (Albuquerque, NM)
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A method is provided for preparing catalytic elemental metal colloidal particles (e.g. gold, palladium, silver, rhodium, iridium, nickel, iron, platinum, molybdenum) or colloidal alloy particles (silver/iridium or platinum/gold). A homogeneous inverse micelle solution of a metal salt is first formed in a metal-salt solvent comprised of a surfactant (e.g. a nonionic or cationic surfactant) and an organic solvent. The size and number of inverse micelles is controlled by the proportions of the surfactant and the solvent. Then, the metal salt is reduced (by chemical reduction or by a pulsed or continuous wave UV laser) to colloidal particles of elemental metal. After their formation, the colloidal metal particles can be stabilized by reaction with materials that permanently add surface stabilizing groups to the surface of the colloidal metal particles. The sizes of the colloidal elemental metal particles and their size distribution is determined by the size and number of the inverse micelles. A second salt can be added with further reduction to form the colloidal alloy particles. After the colloidal elemental metal particles are formed, the homogeneous solution distributes to two phases, one phase rich in colloidal elemental metal particles and the other phase rich in surfactant. The colloidal elemental metal particles from one phase can be dried to form a powder useful as a catalyst. Surfactant can be recovered and recycled from the phase rich in surfactant.
Chen, Jinsong
Joint stochastic inversion of geophysical data for reservoir parameter estimation Jinsong Chen the stochastic framework, both reservoir parameters and geophysical attributes at unsampled locations. Introduction Conventional methods for reservoir parameter estimation using multiple sources of geophysical data
Yang, Di
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Changes in reservoir properties resulting from extracting hydrocarbons and injecting fluid are critical to optimize production. These properties can be characterized using waveform inversions of time-lapse seismic data. ...
Adamski, Mark Robert
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Inverse analytical techniques were used to model solute distributions and determine transport parameters for two flow systems in the Yakima Basalt subgroup at the Hanford Site in Washington state. Previous studies of these flow systems used...
Torres-Verdín, Carlos
-filtrate invasion and formation test. A fully implicit finite- difference black-oil reservoir simulator with brine phenomena in porous media can be coupled through fluid saturation equations. Thus, a multi-physics inversion
Stohl, A.
A new analytical inversion method has been developed to determine the regional and global emissions of long-lived atmospheric trace gases. It exploits in situ measurement data from three global networks and builds on ...
Yedavalli, Rama K.
commands, no explicit parametric stability robustness margins are provided. A static approach to online. Dynamic inversion control laws require the use of a control mixer or control surface allocation algorithm
DOE handbook: Design considerations
NONE
1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Design Considerations Handbook includes information and suggestions for the design of systems typical to nuclear facilities, information specific to various types of special facilities, and information useful to various design disciplines. The handbook is presented in two parts. Part 1, which addresses design considerations, includes two sections. The first addresses the design of systems typically used in nuclear facilities to control radiation or radioactive materials. Specifically, this part addresses the design of confinement systems and radiation protection and effluent monitoring systems. The second section of Part 1 addresses the design of special facilities (i.e., specific types of nonreactor nuclear facilities). The specific design considerations provided in this section were developed from review of DOE 6430.1A and are supplemented with specific suggestions and considerations from designers with experience designing and operating such facilities. Part 2 of the Design Considerations Handbook describes good practices and design principles that should be considered in specific design disciplines, such as mechanical systems and electrical systems. These good practices are based on specific experiences in the design of nuclear facilities by design engineers with related experience. This part of the Design Considerations Handbook contains five sections, each of which applies to a particular engineering discipline.
High Frequency Inversion Capacitance Measurements for 6H-SiC n-MOS Capacitors from 450 to 600 C
Ghosh, Ruby N.
High Frequency Inversion Capacitance Measurements for 6H-SiC n-MOS Capacitors from 450 to 600 °C inversion capacitance due to thermal generation of holes in 6H-SiC n-MOS capacitors between 450 and 600 °C to thermal generation of holes in 6H-SiC n-MOS capacitors between 450 and 600 °C. In order to ensure
Moriarty, Thomas D.
1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
in partial fidfillment of thc requirements for the degree of XIAS IER OF SOIL'NGF. December l988 iviajor Subject: Geophysics ES'I'llvlATION Ol' THV. DIIIECTION OF' RElvIANENT MACNETIZATION: AN INVERSE METHOD DSINC 'THE PIIASV. SPECTRIIM OV A MAGNETIC... ot Department) December 1988 ABSTRACT Estimation of Direction of Remanent Magnetization: An Inverse Method Using th~ Phase Spectrum ot a. Magnetic Anomaly. (December 1988) Thomas Daniel Moriarty, B. S. , Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Co...
Locomotive design and construction /
Maris, James Clyde.
1919-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
gear design, Stephenson valve gear design, errors in link motion, setting Y/alschaert valve gear, setting Stephenson valve gear. Locomotive Cylinders 94 Design and Manufacture. Pistons and Piston Rods 98 Crossheads 103 Locomotive Guide Bars 107... Driving Boxes 109 Locomotive Frames 113 Connecting and Side Rods 115 Crank Pins and Axles 119 Throttles, Dry Pipes, and Steam Passages 121 Reversing Links 124 Jig Design for Locomotive Parts 127 Forge Block Design for Forging Locomotive Parts 130...
Sellers, David; Friedman, Hannah; Haasl, Tudi; Bourassa, Norman; Piette, Mary Ann
2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
The ''Control System Design Guide'' (Design Guide) provides methods and recommendations for the control system design process and control point selection and installation. Control systems are often the most problematic system in a building. A good design process that takes into account maintenance, operation, and commissioning can lead to a smoothly operating and efficient building. To this end, the Design Guide provides a toolbox of templates for improving control system design and specification. HVAC designers are the primary audience for the Design Guide. The control design process it presents will help produce well-designed control systems that achieve efficient and robust operation. The spreadsheet examples for control valve schedules, damper schedules, and points lists can streamline the use of the control system design concepts set forth in the Design Guide by providing convenient starting points from which designers can build. Although each reader brings their own unique questions to the text, the Design Guide contains information that designers, commissioning providers, operators, and owners will find useful.
Designing Asynchronous Microprocessors Design Process Overview
Martin, Alain
) Parallel CHP Parallel CHP Sequential CHP informal translation ISA process decomposition process decomposition compilation #15; Design process is a sequence of provably correct transformations. #15; First CHP the CHP decomposition. #15; The design style tends to em- phasize concurrency issues. 2 #12; Sequential
ERISII Initial Design Document I . Design Goals
Wiederhold, Gio
ERISII Initial Design Document I . Design Goals The goals behind the ERISII system are to present the directions of I*3 technology in general. In the first half of this document, we will examine the particular thee primary prototype will be used by environmental restoration managers, while being flexible enough
Extreme-Scale UQ for Bayesian Inverse Problems Governed by PDEs
Sminchisescu, Cristian
, control of carbon sequestration processes, management of the nuclear fuel cycle, design of new nano
Final Design Completion The Comprehensive Final Design Review1
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
a complete and satisfactory design basis for the system design. FMEAs should be performed and documented
Designing decommissioning into new reactor designs
Devgun, J.S.; CHMM, Ph.D. [Nuclear Power Technologies, Sargent and Lundy LLC, Chicago, IL (United States)
2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
One of the lessons learned from decommissioning of existing reactors has been that decommissioning was not given much thought when these reactors were designed some three or four decades ago. Recently, the nuclear power has seen a worldwide resurgence and many new advanced reactor designs are either on the market or nearing design completion. Most of these designs are evolutionary in nature and build on the existing and proven technologies. They also incorporate many improvements and take advantage of the substantial operating experience. Nevertheless, by and large, the main factors driving the design of new reactors are the safety features, safeguards considerations, and the economic factors. With a large decommissioning experience that already exists in the nuclear industry, and with average decommissioning costs at around six hundred million dollars for each reactor in today's dollars, it is necessary that decommissioning factors also be considered as a part of the early design effort. Even though decommissioning may be sixty years down the road from the time they go on line, it is only prudent that new designs be optimized for eventual decommissioning, along with the other major considerations. (authors)
Sharing tacit design knowledge in a distributed design environment
Woo, Jeong-Han
2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
investigates the impact of tacit design knowledge on design performance in a distributed design environment supported by CMC software. The software was developed and tested in three design studios in which design students sought advice from experts in remote...
HIGH-ENERGY EMISSION OF GRB 130427A: EVIDENCE FOR INVERSE COMPTON RADIATION
Fan, Yi-Zhong; Zhang, Fu-Wen; He, Hao-Ning; Zhou, Bei; Yang, Rui-Zhi; Jin, Zhi-Ping; Wei, Da-Ming [Key Laboratory of Dark Matter and Space Astronomy, Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China); Tam, P. H. T. [Institute of Astronomy and Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Liang, Yun-Feng, E-mail: yzfan@pmo.ac.cn, E-mail: fwzhang@pmo.ac.cn, E-mail: dmwei@pmo.ac.cn [Department of Physics, Guangxi University, Guangxi 530004 (China)
2013-10-20T23:59:59.000Z
A nearby superluminous burst GRB 130427A was simultaneously detected by six ?-ray space telescopes (Swift, the Fermi GLAST Burst Monitor (GBM)/Large Area Telescope, Konus-Wind, SPI-ACS/INTEGRAL, AGILE, and RHESSI) and by three RAPTOR full-sky persistent monitors. The isotropic ?-ray energy release is ?10{sup 54} erg, rendering it the most powerful explosion among gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) with a redshift z ? 0.5. The emission above 100 MeV lasted about one day, and four photons are at energies greater than 40 GeV. We show that the count rate of 100 MeV-100 GeV emission may be mainly accounted for by the forward shock synchrotron radiation and the inverse Compton radiation likely dominates at GeV-TeV energies. In particular, an inverse Compton radiation origin is favored for the ?(95.3, 47.3, 41.4, 38.5, 32) GeV photons arriving at t ? (243, 256.3, 610.6, 3409.8, 34366.2) s after the trigger of Fermi-GBM. Interestingly, the external inverse Compton scattering of the prompt emission (the second episode, i.e., t ? 120-260 s) by the forward-shock-accelerated electrons is expected to produce a few ?-rays at energies above 10 GeV, while five were detected in the same time interval. A possible unified model for the prompt soft ?-ray, optical, and GeV emission of GRB 130427A, GRB 080319B, and GRB 090902B is outlined. Implications of the null detection of >1 TeV neutrinos from GRB 130427A by IceCube are discussed.
Generalized Uncertainty Quantification for Linear Inverse Problems in X-ray Imaging
Fowler, Michael James
2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z
In industrial and engineering applications, X-ray radiography has attained wide use as a data collection protocol for the assessment of material properties in cases where direct observation is not possible. The direct measurement of nuclear materials, particularly when they are under explosive or implosive loading, is not feasible, and radiography can serve as a useful tool for obtaining indirect measurements. In such experiments, high energy X-rays are pulsed through a scene containing material of interest, and a detector records a radiograph by measuring the radiation that is not attenuated in the scene. One approach to the analysis of these radiographs is to model the imaging system as an operator that acts upon the object being imaged to produce a radiograph. In this model, the goal is to solve an inverse problem to reconstruct the values of interest in the object, which are typically material properties such as density or areal density. The primary objective in this work is to provide quantitative solutions with uncertainty estimates for three separate applications in X-ray radiography: deconvolution, Abel inversion, and radiation spot shape reconstruction. For each problem, we introduce a new hierarchical Bayesian model for determining a posterior distribution on the unknowns and develop efficient Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods for sampling from the posterior. A Poisson likelihood, based on a noise model for photon counts at the detector, is combined with a prior tailored to each application: an edge-localizing prior for deconvolution; a smoothing prior with non-negativity constraints for spot reconstruction; and a full covariance sampling prior based on a Wishart hyperprior for Abel inversion. After developing our methods in a general setting, we demonstrate each model on both synthetically generated datasets, including those from a well known radiation transport code, and real high energy radiographs taken at two U. S. Department of Energy laboratories.
A study of temperature inversions over selected stations in Texas and Louisiana
Parker, Truman
1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
. J I"'erii = r ) May Io6j A Study of Temperature Inversions Over Selected Stations in Texs, s and Louisiana (May 1967) Truman Parker, B. A. , Texas AEcM University B. S. , University of Washington Directed by: Prof. J. F. Griffiths..., but are also si gnificantly more requent and persistent. From the standpo' nt of stability, the coastal area, seems to have the greatest potential for air pollution. ACFJviOWLEDGNEiUTS Sincere appreci atio. . is expressed o Professor John F. Griffiths...
Interpreting Ulysses data using inverse scattering theory: Oblique Alfv\\'en waves
Wheeler, Harry R; Hamilton, R L
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Solitary wave structures observed by the Ulysses spacecraft in the solar wind were analyzed using both inverse scattering theory as well as direct numerical integration of the derivative nonlinear Schr\\"odinger (DNLS) equation. Several of these structures were found to be consistent with soliton solutions of the DNLS equation. Such solitary structures have been commonly observed in the space plasma environment and may, in fact, be long-lived solitons. While the generation of these solitons may be due to an instability mechanism, e.g., the mirror instability, they may be observable far from the source region due to their coherent nature.
Structure analysis of single- and multi-frequency subspace migrations in inverse scattering problems
Young Deuk Jo; Young Mi Kwon; Joo Young Huh; Won-Kwang Park
2013-01-09T23:59:59.000Z
In this literature, we carefully investigate the structure of single- and multi-frequency imaging functions, that are usually employed in inverse scattering problems. Based on patterns of the singular vectors of the Multi-Static Response (MSR) matrix, we establish a relationship between imaging functions and the Bessel function. This relationship indicates certain properties of imaging functions and the reason behind enhancement in the imaging performance by multiple frequencies. Several numerical simulations with a large amount of noisy data are performed in order to support our investigation.
Inversion of Robin coefficient by a spectral stochastic finite element approach
Jin Bangti [Department of Mathematics, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong (China)], E-mail: kimbtsing@yahoo.com.cn; Zou Jun [Department of Mathematics, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong (China)], E-mail: zou@math.cuhk.edu.hk
2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper investigates a variational approach to the nonlinear stochastic inverse problem of probabilistically calibrating the Robin coefficient from boundary measurements for the steady-state heat conduction. The problem is formulated into an optimization problem, and mathematical properties relevant to its numerical computations are investigated. The spectral stochastic finite element method using polynomial chaos is utilized for the discretization of the optimization problem, and its convergence is analyzed. The nonlinear conjugate gradient method is derived for the optimization system. Numerical results for several two-dimensional problems are presented to illustrate the accuracy and efficiency of the stochastic finite element method.
Aircraft control using nonlinear dynamic inversion in conjunction with adaptive robust control
Fisher, James Robert
2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
on the scheduling parameters [1, 2]. Dynamic Inversion may also be used to schedule control actions. The dynamics of an aircraft can be represented by the following dynamic differential equation: ? = f (x;t;G)+g(x;t;G)u x 2 Rn?1; u 2 Rp?1; (p > n) (II.1) The vector... x represents aircraft states and u represents a vector of control inputs. Only the case where p > n will be considered, although many aircraft have p = n or even p < n. The vector G consists of measurements including flight condition and states which...
TeV-scale gauged B-L symmetry with inverse seesaw mechanism
Khalil, Shaaban [Center for Theoretical Physics at the British University in Egypt, Sherouk City, Cairo 11837 (Egypt) and Department of Mathematics, Ain Shams University, Faculty of Science, Cairo, 11566 (Egypt)
2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a modified version of the TeV-scale B-L extension of the standard model, where neutrino masses are generated through the inverse seesaw mechanism. We show that heavy neutrinos in this model can be accessible via clean signals at the LHC. The search for the extra gauge boson Z{sub B-L}{sup '} through the decay into dileptons or two dileptons plus missing energy is studied. We also show that the B-L extra Higgs boson can be directly probed at the LHC via a clean dilepton and missing energy signal.
High-resolution inverse Raman and resonant-wave-mixing spectroscopy
Rahn, L.A. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA (United States)
1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
These research activities consist of high-resolution inverse Raman spectroscopy (IRS) and resonant wave-mixing spectroscopy to support the development of nonlinear-optical techniques for temperature and concentration measurements in combustion research. Objectives of this work include development of spectral models of important molecular species needed to perform coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) measurements and the investigation of new nonlinear-optical processes as potential diagnostic techniques. Some of the techniques being investigated include frequency-degenerate and nearly frequency-degenerate resonant four-wave-mixing (DFWM and NDFWM), and resonant multi-wave mixing (RMWM).
Inverse spin Hall effect induced by spin pumping into semiconducting ZnO
Lee, Jung-Chuan [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Huang, Leng-Wei [Graduate Institute of Applied Physics, National Chengchi University, Taipei 11605, Taiwan (China); Hung, Dung-Shing, E-mail: dshung@mail.mcu.edu.tw [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Department of Information and Telecommunications Engineering, Ming Chuan University, Taipei 111, Taiwan (China); Chiang, Tung-Han [Department of Physics, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan (China); Huang, J. C. A., E-mail: jcahuang@mail.ncku.edu.tw [Department of Physics, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan (China); Advanced Optoelectronic Technology Center, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan (China); Liang, Jun-Zhi [Advanced Optoelectronic Technology Center, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan (China); Department of Physics, Fu Jen Catholic University, Taipei 242, Taiwan (China); Lee, Shang-Fan, E-mail: leesf@phys.sinica.edu.tw [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Graduate Institute of Applied Physics, National Chengchi University, Taipei 11605, Taiwan (China)
2014-02-03T23:59:59.000Z
The inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE) of n-type semiconductor ZnO thin films with weak spin-orbit coupling has been observed by utilizing the spin pumping method. In the ferromagnetic resonance condition, the spin pumping driven by the dynamical exchange interaction of a permalloy film injects a pure spin current into the adjacent ZnO layer. This spin current gives rise to a DC voltage through the ISHE in the ZnO layer, and the DC voltage is proportional to the microwave excitation power. The effect is sizeable even when the spin backflow is considered.
Study of nuclei in the vicinity of the "Island of Inversion" through fusion-evaporation reaction
R. Chakrabarti; S. Mukhopadhyay Krishichayan; A. Chakraborty; A. Ghosh; S. Ray; S. S. Ghugre; A. K. Sinha; L. Chaturvedi; A. Y. Deo; I. Mazumdar; P. K. Joshi; R. Palit; Z. Naik; S. Kumar; N. Madhavan; R. P. Singh; S. Muralithar; B. K. Yogi; U. Garg
2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z
We report the first observation of high-spin states in nuclei in the vicinity of the "island of inversion", populated via the 18O+18O fusion reaction at an incident beam energy of 34 MeV. The fusion reaction mechanism circumvents the limitations of non-equilibrated reactions used to populate these nuclei. Detailed spin-parity measurements in these difficult to populate nuclei have been possible from the observed coincidence anisotropy and the linear polarization measurements. The spectroscopy of 33,34P and 33S is presented in detail along with the results of calculations within the shell model framework.
Inverse diffraction for the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly in the Solar Dynamics Observatory
Torre, Gabriele; Benvenuto, Federico; Massone, Anna Maria; Piana, Michele
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Atmospheric Imaging Assembly in the Solar Dynamics Observatory provides full Sun images every 1 seconds in each of 7 Extreme Ultraviolet passbands. However, for a significant amount of these images, saturation affects their most intense core, preventing scientists from a full exploitation of their physical meaning. In this paper we describe a mathematical and automatic procedure for the recovery of information in the primary saturation region based on a correlation/inversion analysis of the diffraction pattern associated to the telescope observations. Further, we suggest an interpolation-based method for determining the image background that allows the recovery of information also in the region of secondary saturation (blooming).
Sub-mm tests of the gravitational inverse-square law
E. G. Adelberger
2002-02-02T23:59:59.000Z
Sub-mm tests of the gravitational inverse-square law are interesting from several quite different perspectives. This paper discusses work by the Eot-Wash group performed since the publication of our initial result in February 2001. We find no evidence for short-range Yukawa interactions. Our results provide an upper limit of 200 micrometers on the size of the largest ``extra'' dimension, and for the unification scenario with 2 large extra dimensions, set an upper limit of 150 micrometers on the size of those dimensions.
Dirac or inverse seesaw neutrino masses with B – L gauge symmetry and S? flavor symmetry
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Ma, Ernest; Srivastava, Rahul
2015-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
Many studies have been made on extensions of the standard model with B – L gauge symmetry. The addition of three singlet (right-handed) neutrinos renders it anomaly-free. It has always been assumed that the spontaneous breaking of B – L is accomplished by a singlet scalar field carrying two units of B – L charge. This results in a very natural implementation of the Majorana seesaw mechanism for neutrinos. However, there exists in fact another simple anomaly-free solution which allows Dirac or inverse seesaw neutrino masses. We show for the first time these new possibilities and discuss an application tomore »neutrino mixing with S? flavor symmetry.« less
Shaw, A. (ed.)
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This book contains techniques for energy efficiency in architectural design. Many aspects are covered including: cost; comfort and health; energy use; the design process; and analytical techniques. 202 figs. (JF)
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
For Designated Team Leader Each user project is coordinated by a Designated Team Leader (DTL) who may also be the Principal Investigator (PI). The DTL must provide details of all...
Design of intelligent interiors
Bonanni, Leonardo Amerigo, 1977-
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Ubiquitous computing is transforming interior design by allowing utilities, goods and information to be delivered where and when we need them. How will new information technologies impact the design of interior spaces? ...
Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]
1997-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
This chapter addresses translating the user-oriented functional design specifications into a set of technical, computer-oriented system design specifications; and designing the data structure and processes to the level of detail necessary to plan and execute the Programming and Installation Stages.
Pavement Thickness Design Parameter
Pavement Thickness Design Parameter Impacts 2012 Municipal Streets Seminar November 14, 2012 Paul D. Wiegand, P.E. #12;Pavement Thickness Design · How do cities decide how thick to build their pavements;Pavement Thickness Design · Correct answer A data-based analysis! · Doesn't have to be difficult and time
Koppenberger, Peter K.
2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
, and provide two driver sections to allow for dual shock capability. The tube was designed to accommodate a 2.5 MACH shockwave, and incorporated a factor of safety of 3 in the design. A modular approach to design was followed to allow further diversification...
ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN CONSULTANTS + LIGHTING DESIGNERS | atelierten.com Sustainable Design
Massachusetts at Amherst, University of
-fitting of renewable energy systems or other technologies. Create a high-performance, energy efficient, thermally Strategies · Proposed Design & Alternate Energy Efficiency Measures · Earth Duct analysis · High Performance zero energy, carbon, and water performance. · Improve campus connectivity and exemplify best practices
Carmody, John [Center for Sustainable Building Research, University of Minnesota; Mosiman, Garrett [Center for Sustainable Building Research, University of Minnesota; Handeen, Daniel [Center for Sustainable Building Research, University of Minnesota; Huelman, Patrick [Cold Climate Housing Program, University of Minnesota; Christian, Jeffery [Oak Ridge National Laboratory
2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this handbook is to provide information that will enable designers, builders, and homeowners to understand foundation design problems and solutions. The foundation of a house is a somewhat invisible and sometimes ignored component of the building. It is increasingly evident, however, that attention to good foundation design and construction has significant benefits to the homeowner and the builder, and can avoid some serious future problems. Good foundation design and construction practice means not only insulating to save energy, but also providing effective structural design as well as moisture, termite, and radon control techniques where appropriate.
Attached sunspace design analysis
Jones, R.W.; McFarland, R.D.
1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An introduction to new design analysis information for attached sunspaces is presented. The 28 sunspace reference designs are described. Note is taken of those designs (the semi-enclosed geometries) analyzed more recently than the previously published reports. The role of sensitivity studies is discussed, and some sample plots of sunspace performance sensitivity to key design parameters are presented. The monthly solar load ratio (SLR) correlations are reviewed with emphasis on the modified SLR used in the sunspace analysis. The application of the sunspace SLR correlations to monthly design analysis is outlined.
Mills, R L; Mayo, R M; Nansteel, M; Dhandapani, B; Phillips, J; Phillips, Jonathan
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
It was demonstrated that low pressure (~0.2 Torr) water vapor plasmas generated in a 10 mm inner diameter quartz tube with an Evenson microwave cavity show at least two features which are not explained by conventional plasma models. First, significant (> 0.25 nm) hydrogen Balmer_ line broadening, of constant width, up to 5 cm from the microwave coupler was recorded. Only hydrogen, and not oxygen, showed significant line broadening. This feature, observed previously in hydrogen-containing mixed gas plasmas generated with high voltage dc and rf discharges was explained by some researchers to result from acceleration of hydrogen ions near the cathode. This explanation cannot apply to the line broadening observed in the (electrodeless) microwave plasmas generated in this work, particularly at distances as great as 5 cm from the microwave coupler. Second, inversion of the line intensities of both the Lyman and Balmer series, again, at distances up to 5 cm from the coupler, were observed. The line inversion suggest...
Inverse transport problem solvers based on regularized and compressive sensing techniques
Cheng, Y.; Cao, L.; Wu, H.; Zhang, H. [School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong Univ., Xianning West Road No.28, Xi'an, Shaanxi, 710049 (China)
2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
According to the direct exposure measurements from flash radiographic image, regularized-based method and compressive sensing (CS)-based method for inverse transport equation are presented. The linear absorption coefficients and interface locations of objects are reconstructed directly at the same time. With a large number of measurements, least-square method is utilized to complete the reconstruction. Owing to the ill-posedness of the inverse problems, regularized algorithm is employed. Tikhonov method is applied with an appropriate posterior regularization parameter to get a meaningful solution. However, it's always very costly to obtain enough measurements. With limited measurements, CS sparse reconstruction technique Orthogonal Matching Pursuit (OMP) is applied to obtain the sparse coefficients by solving an optimization problem. This paper constructs and takes the forward projection matrix rather than Gauss matrix as measurement matrix. In the CS-based algorithm, Fourier expansion and wavelet expansion are adopted to convert an underdetermined system to a well-posed system. Simulations and numerical results of regularized method with appropriate regularization parameter and that of CS-based agree well with the reference value, furthermore, both methods avoid amplifying the noise. (authors)
Full-waveform inversion in the time domain with an energy-weighted gradient
Zhang, Zhigang [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Huang, Lianjie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lin, Youzuo [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
When applying full-waveform inversion to surface seismic reflection data, one difficulty is that the deep region of the model is usually not reconstructed as well as the shallow region. We develop an energy-weighted gradient method for the time-domain full-waveform inversion to accelerate the convergence rate and improve reconstruction of the entire model without increasing the computational cost. Three different methods can alleviate the problem of poor reconstruction in the deep region of the model: the layer stripping, depth-weighting and pseudo-Hessian schemes. The first two approaches need to subjectively choose stripping depths and weighting functions. The third one scales the gradient with only the forward propagation wavefields from sources. However, the Hessian depends on wavefields from both sources and receivers. Our new energy-weighted method makes use of the energies of both forward and backward propagated wavefields from sources and receivers as weights to compute the gradient. We compare the reconstruction of our new method with those of the conjugate gradient and pseudo-Hessian methods, and demonstrate that our new method significantly improves the reconstruction of both the shallow and deep regions of the model.
Inverse neutrinoless double beta decay revisited: Neutrinos, Higgs triplets, and a muon collider
Rodejohann, Werner [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Postfach 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg (Germany)
2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
We revisit the process of inverse neutrinoless double beta decay (e{sup -}e{sup -{yields}}W{sup -}W{sup -}) at future linear colliders. The cases of Majorana neutrino and Higgs triplet exchange are considered. We also discuss the processes e{sup -{mu}-{yields}}W{sup -}W{sup -} and {mu}{sup -{mu}-{yields}}W{sup -}W{sup -}, which are motivated by the possibility of muon colliders. For heavy neutrino exchange, we show that masses up to 10{sup 6} (10{sup 5}) GeV could be probed for ee and e{mu} machines, respectively. The stringent limits for mixing of heavy neutrinos with muons render {mu}{sup -{mu}-{yields}}W{sup -}W{sup -} less promising, even though this process is not constrained by limits from neutrinoless double beta decay. If Higgs triplets are responsible for inverse neutrinoless double beta decay, observable signals are only possible if a very narrow resonance is met. We also consider unitarity aspects of the process in case both Higgs triplets and neutrinos are exchanged. An exact seesaw relation connecting low energy data with heavy neutrino and triplet parameters is found.
Vasco, D.W.; Ferretti, Alessandro; Novali, Fabrizio
2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
Transient pressure variations within a reservoir can be treated as a propagating front and analyzed using an asymptotic formulation. From this perspective one can define a pressure 'arrival time' and formulate solutions along trajectories, in the manner of ray theory. We combine this methodology and a technique for mapping overburden deformation into reservoir volume change as a means to estimate reservoir flow properties, such as permeability. Given the entire 'travel time' or phase field, obtained from the deformation data, we can construct the trajectories directly, there-by linearizing the inverse problem. A numerical study indicates that, using this approach, we can infer large-scale variations in flow properties. In an application to Interferometric Synthetic Aperture (InSAR) observations associated with a CO{sub 2} injection at the Krechba field, Algeria, we image pressure propagation to the northwest. An inversion for flow properties indicates a linear trend of high permeability. The high permeability correlates with a northwest trending fault on the flank of the anticline which defines the field.
SciTech Connect: Performance of CID camera X-ray imagers at NIF...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
for Inertial Confinement Fusion II; Journal Volume: 8850; Conference: SPIE 2013 Optics + Photonics, August 25-29, 2013, San Diego, CA Research Org: Nevada Test SiteNational...
Spring 2005 IEM 5990, 352, CID#18361 RFID Applications in Manufacturing Systems
Bukkapatnam, Satish T.S.
to the various aspects of manufacturing systems. The focus will be on studying the data management, abstraction monitoring systems with nonlinear dynamic systems theory--for improving quality and integrity Machine Condition Energy System Condition Automobile Condition 1-2 Weeks V. Middleware and Other Issues 1
A 1GMACS/mW MIXED-SIGNAL DIFFERENTIAL-CHARGE CID/DRAM PROCESSOR
Genov, Roman
matrix multiplication using internally analog fine-grain parallel computing, for real-time linearW of power. 1. Introduction Real-time computing of linear transforms on a battery- powered mobile platform contains a fine-grain parallel computational array, achieving a com- putational throughput of 1.1 GMACS
Improving CID, HCD, and ETD FT MS/MS degradome-peptidome identificatio...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Abstract: The peptidome (i.e. processed and degraded forms of proteins) of e.g. blood can potentially provide insights into disease processes, as well as a source of...
Design Space Exploration of Parameterized Systems using Design of Experiments
Sheldon, David
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
is known as a full factorial design: --- (A off, B off, Cknown as fractional factorial design involving experimentsetc. ) of the full factorial design. Numerous fractional
Anti-site disorder and improved functionality of Mn?NiX (X = Al, Ga, In, Sn) inverse Heusler alloys
Paul, Souvik; Kundu, Ashis; Ghosh, Subhradip, E-mail: subhra@iitg.ernet.in [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, Assam 781039 (India); Sanyal, Biplab [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516, 75120 Uppsala (Sweden)
2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z
Recent first-principles calculations have predicted Mn?NiX (X = Al, Ga, In, Sn) alloys to be magnetic shape memory alloys. Moreover, experiments on Mn?NiGa and Mn?NiSn suggest that the alloys deviate from the perfect inverse Heusler arrangement and that there is chemical disorder at the sublattices with tetrahedral symmetry. In this work, we investigate the effects of such chemical disorder on phase stabilities and magnetic properties using first-principles electronic structure methods. We find that except Mn?NiAl, all other alloys show signatures of martensitic transformations in presence of anti-site disorder at the sublattices with tetrahedral symmetry. This improves the possibilities of realizing martensitic transformations at relatively low fields and the possibilities of obtaining significantly large inverse magneto-caloric effects, in comparison to perfect inverse Heusler arrangement of atoms. We analyze the origin of such improvements in functional properties by investigating electronic structures and magnetic exchange interactions.
Tamas Palmai; Miklos Horvath; Barnabas Apagyi
2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z
Solution of the Cox-Thompson inverse scattering problem at fixed energy [1,2,3] is reformulated resulting in semi-analytic equations. The new set of equations for the normalization constants and the nonphysical (shifted) angular momenta are free of matrix inversion operations. This simplification is a result of treating only the input phase shifts of partial waves of a given parity. Therefore, the proposed method can be applied for identical particle scattering of the bosonic type (or for certain cases of identical fermionic scattering). The new formulae are expected to be numerically more efficient than the previous ones. Based on the semi-analytic equations an approximate method is proposed for the generic inverse scattering problem, when partial waves of arbitrary parity are considered.
Weglein, Arthur B.; Stolt, Bob H.
2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Extracting information from seismic data requires knowledge of seismic wave propagation and reflection. The commonly used method involves solving linearly for a reflectivity at every point within the Earth, but this book follows an alternative approach which invokes inverse scattering theory. By developing the theory of seismic imaging from basic principles, the authors relate the different models of seismic propagation, reflection and imaging - thus providing links to reflectivity-based imaging on the one hand and to nonlinear seismic inversion on the other. The comprehensive and physically complete linear imaging foundation developed presents new results at the leading edge of seismic processing for target location and identification. This book serves as a fundamental guide to seismic imaging principles and algorithms and their foundation in inverse scattering theory and is a valuable resource for working geoscientists, scientific programmers and theoretical physicists.
Krainev, M B
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the long-term behavior of the solar and heliospheric parameters and the GCR intensity in the periods of high solar activity and the inversions of heliospheric magnetic field (HMF). The classification of the HMF polarity structures and the meaning of the HMF inversion are discussed. The procedure is considered how to use the known HMF polarity distribution for the GCR intensity modeling during the periods of high solar activity. We also briefly discuss the development and the nearest future of the sunspot activity and the GCR intensity in the current unusual solar cycle 24.
SU-E-J-161: Inverse Problems for Optical Parameters in Laser Induced Thermal Therapy
Fahrenholtz, SJ; Stafford, RJ; Fuentes, DT [UT MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); UT Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Houston, TX (United States)
2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: Magnetic resonance-guided laser-induced thermal therapy (MRgLITT) is investigated as a neurosurgical intervention for oncological applications throughout the body by active post market studies. Real-time MR temperature imaging is used to monitor ablative thermal delivery in the clinic. Additionally, brain MRgLITT could improve through effective planning for laser fiber's placement. Mathematical bioheat models have been extensively investigated but require reliable patient specific physical parameter data, e.g. optical parameters. This abstract applies an inverse problem algorithm to characterize optical parameter data obtained from previous MRgLITT interventions. Methods: The implemented inverse problem has three primary components: a parameter-space search algorithm, a physics model, and training data. First, the parameter-space search algorithm uses a gradient-based quasi-Newton method to optimize the effective optical attenuation coefficient, ?-eff. A parameter reduction reduces the amount of optical parameter-space the algorithm must search. Second, the physics model is a simplified bioheat model for homogeneous tissue where closed-form Green's functions represent the exact solution. Third, the training data was temperature imaging data from 23 MRgLITT oncological brain ablations (980 nm wavelength) from seven different patients. Results: To three significant figures, the descriptive statistics for ?-eff were 1470 m{sup ?1} mean, 1360 m{sup ?1} median, 369 m{sup ?1} standard deviation, 933 m{sup ?1} minimum and 2260 m{sup ?1} maximum. The standard deviation normalized by the mean was 25.0%. The inverse problem took <30 minutes to optimize all 23 datasets. Conclusion: As expected, the inferred average is biased by underlying physics model. However, the standard deviation normalized by the mean is smaller than literature values and indicates an increased precision in the characterization of the optical parameters needed to plan MRgLITT procedures. This investigation demonstrates the potential for the optimization and validation of more sophisticated bioheat models that incorporate the uncertainty of the data into the predictions, e.g. stochastic finite element methods.
Race to Zero Design Competition Webinar: Housing Design Best...
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Race to Zero Design Competition Webinar: Housing Design Best Practices Race to Zero Design Competition Webinar: Housing Design Best Practices November 18, 2014 1:00PM to 2:30PM EST...