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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "invalid country code" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Energy Efficient Residential Building Code for Arab Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents an energy analysis to support the Egyptian efforts to develop a New Energy Code for New Residential Buildings in the Arab Countries. Also, the paper represents a brief summary of the code contents specially, the effectiveness...

Hanna, G. B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in India  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America. This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in India, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes in India, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial buildings in India.

Evans, Meredydd; Shui, Bin; Somasundaram, Sriram

2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

3

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Canada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America . This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Canada, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial and residential buildings in Canada.

Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd

2009-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

4

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in China, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope and HVAC) for commercial and residential buildings in China.

Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd; Lin, H.; Jiang, Wei; Liu, Bing; Song, Bo; Somasundaram, Sriram

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

5

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Australia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Australia, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial and residential buildings in Australia.

Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd; Somasundaram, Sriram

2009-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

6

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Japan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Japan, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial and residential buildings in Japan.

Evans, Meredydd; Shui, Bin; Takagi, T.

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

7

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Korea  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Korea, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial buildings in Korea.

Evans, Meredydd; McJeon, Haewon C.; Shui, Bin; Lee, Seung Eon

2009-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

8

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in U.S., including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial and residential buildings in the U.S.

Halverson, Mark A.; Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

9

T-603: Mac OS X Includes Some Invalid Comodo Certificates  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The operating system includes some invalid certificates. The vulnerability is due to the invalid certificates and not the operating system itself. Other browsers, applications, and operating systems are affected.

10

Update Invalid Reservation Points for Transmission Service Requests...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CommitteesTeams Customer Training Interconnection Notices Rates Standards of Conduct Tariff TF Web Based Training Update: Invalid Reservation Points for Transmission Service...

11

U-182: Microsoft Windows Includes Some Invalid Certificates  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The operating system includes some invalid intermediate certificates. The vulnerability is due to the certificate authorities and not the operating system itself.

12

An Examination of the Relationships Among Childhood Trauma, Emotional Invalidation, and Adult Dissociation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study examined the association between childhood trauma and adult dissociative tendencies through analyses of the mediating and moderating effects of emotional invalidation. Participants (N = 185, ages 17-24, 62.2% female) completed various...

Talbert, Christy Aleene

2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

13

Algorithms for Categorizing Multiprocessor Communication Under Invalidate and UpdateBased Coherence Protocols \\Lambda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of useless traffic entailed by each coherence protocol. Under an invalidate­based protocol, our algorithms and Technology---HighPerformance Computing, Software Science and Tech­ nology program, ARPA Order no. 8930 to intro­ duce useless communication due to a mismatch between the hardware unit of coherence and the data

Bianchini, Ricardo

14

Country 8+1+Area Code 8+011+Country  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Termination) 441 * $0.2300 Bhutan * 975 $0.7438 Bhutan (Mobile Termination) * 975 $0.7438 Bolivia * 591 $0.2500 Bolivia (Mobile Termination - 133, 144, 152, 159, 164, 166, 7, 9) * 591 $0.3700 Bosnia & Herzegovina * 387

15

Code Description Code Description  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Leave* 5127 Officials 5217 Faculty Sick Leave Payment 5124 Personal Service Contracts 5211 Research Services Contracts Scholarships & Fellowships Faculty Fringe Contract Services #12;Banner Account Code

16

Country Analysis Briefs  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

An ongoing compilation of country energy profiles. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) maintains Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries that are important to world energy markets, including members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major non-OPEC oil producers, major energy transit countries, major energy consumers, and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers.

2028-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Report on a workshop concerning code validation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design of wind turbine components is becoming more critical as turbines become lighter and more dynamically active. Computer codes that will reliably predict turbine dynamic response are, therefore, more necessary than before. However, predicting the dynamic response of very slender rotating structures that operate in turbulent winds is not a simple matter. Even so, codes for this purpose have been developed and tested in North America and in Europe, and it is important to disseminate information on this subject. The purpose of this workshop was to allow those involved in the wind energy industry in the US to assess the progress invalidation of the codes most commonly used for structural/aero-elastic wind turbine simulation. The theme of the workshop was, ``How do we know it`s right``? This was the question that participants were encouraged to ask themselves throughout the meeting in order to avoid the temptation of presenting information in a less-than-critical atmosphere. Other questions posed at the meeting are: What is the proof that the codes used can truthfully represent the field data? At what steps were the codes tested against known solutions, or against reliable field data? How should the designer or user validate results? What computer resources are needed? How do codes being used in Europe compare with those used in the US? How does the code used affect industry certification? What can be expected in the future?

none,

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Spinal codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spinal codes are a new class of rateless codes that enable wireless networks to cope with time-varying channel conditions in a natural way, without requiring any explicit bit rate selection. The key idea in the code is the ...

Perry, Jonathan, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Introduction to Algebraic Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

codes. Since the elementary coding theory is assumed to be of interest only to ... the algebraic codes, mainly BCH codes, Reed-Solomon codes and classical ...

20

Holographic codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There exists a remarkable four-qutrit state that carries absolute maximal entanglement in all its partitions. Employing this state, we construct a tensor network that delivers a holographic many body state, the H-code, where the physical properties of the boundary determine those of the bulk. This H-code is made of an even superposition of states whose relative Hamming distances are exponentially large with the size of the boundary. This property makes H-codes natural states for a quantum memory. H-codes exist on tori of definite sizes and get classified in three different sectors characterized by the sum of their qutrits on cycles wrapped through the boundaries of the system. We construct a parent Hamiltonian for the H-code which is highly non local and finally we compute the topological entanglement entropy of the H-code.

Latorre, Jose I

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "invalid country code" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Holographic codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There exists a remarkable four-qutrit state that carries absolute maximal entanglement in all its partitions. Employing this state, we construct a tensor network that delivers a holographic many body state, the H-code, where the physical properties of the boundary determine those of the bulk. This H-code is made of an even superposition of states whose relative Hamming distances are exponentially large with the size of the boundary. This property makes H-codes natural states for a quantum memory. H-codes exist on tori of definite sizes and get classified in three different sectors characterized by the sum of their qutrits on cycles wrapped through the boundaries of the system. We construct a parent Hamiltonian for the H-code which is highly non local and finally we compute the topological entanglement entropy of the H-code.

Jose I. Latorre; German Sierra

2015-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

22

Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume,234 0% 0% #12;Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel;Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume (liters

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

23

High Performance “Reach” Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jim Edelson New Buildings Institute A Growing Role for Codes and Stretch Codes in Utility Programs Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency November 9, 2011 ESL-KT-11-11-39 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 New Buildings Institute ESL..., Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 ?31? Flavors of Codes ? Building Codes Construction Codes Energy Codes Stretch or Reach Energy Codes Above-code programs Green or Sustainability Codes Model Codes ?Existing Building? Codes Outcome-Based Codes ESL-KT-11...

Edelson, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing Countries:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories on climateJunoMedanos EnergyM CommunicationsGDCMainsail

25

31Home Power #16 April/May 1990 Code Corner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ivilization is spreading throughout the country, and with it, the bureaucracy of building codes and electrical away from obstructions to maximize the collection of solar energy. In these locations they are good31Home Power #16 · April/May 1990 Code Corner PV that Meets the National Electric Code John Wiles

Johnson, Eric E.

26

Speech coding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Speech is the predominant means of communication between human beings and since the invention of the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876, speech services have remained to be the core service in almost all telecommunication systems. Original analog methods of telephony had the disadvantage of speech signal getting corrupted by noise, cross-talk and distortion Long haul transmissions which use repeaters to compensate for the loss in signal strength on transmission links also increase the associated noise and distortion. On the other hand digital transmission is relatively immune to noise, cross-talk and distortion primarily because of the capability to faithfully regenerate digital signal at each repeater purely based on a binary decision. Hence end-to-end performance of the digital link essentially becomes independent of the length and operating frequency bands of the link Hence from a transmission point of view digital transmission has been the preferred approach due to its higher immunity to noise. The need to carry digital speech became extremely important from a service provision point of view as well. Modem requirements have introduced the need for robust, flexible and secure services that can carry a multitude of signal types (such as voice, data and video) without a fundamental change in infrastructure. Such a requirement could not have been easily met without the advent of digital transmission systems, thereby requiring speech to be coded digitally. The term Speech Coding is often referred to techniques that represent or code speech signals either directly as a waveform or as a set of parameters by analyzing the speech signal. In either case, the codes are transmitted to the distant end where speech is reconstructed or synthesized using the received set of codes. A more generic term that is applicable to these techniques that is often interchangeably used with speech coding is the term voice coding. This term is more generic in the sense that the coding techniques are equally applicable to any voice signal whether or not it carries any intelligible information, as the term speech implies. Other terms that are commonly used are speech compression and voice compression since the fundamental idea behind speech coding is to reduce (compress) the transmission rate (or equivalently the bandwidth) And/or reduce storage requirements In this document the terms speech and voice shall be used interchangeably.

Ravishankar, C., Hughes Network Systems, Germantown, MD

1998-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

27

Country profile: Hungary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Country Profile: Hungary has been prepared as a background document for use by US Government agencies and US businesses interested in becoming involved with the new democracies of Eastern Europe as they pursue sustainable economic development. The focus of the Profile is on energy and highlights information on Hungary's energy supply, demand, and utilization. It identifies patterns of energy usage in the important economic sectors, especially industry, and provides a preliminary assessment for opportunities to improve efficiencies in energy production, distribution and use by introducing more efficient technologies. The use of more efficient technologies would have the added benefit of reducing the environmental impact which, although is not the focus of the report, is an issue that effects energy choices. The Profile also presents considerable economic information, primarily in the context of how economic restructuring may affect energy supply, demand, and the introduction of more efficient technologies.

Not Available

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Country profile: Hungary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Country Profile: Hungary has been prepared as a background document for use by US Government agencies and US businesses interested in becoming involved with the new democracies of Eastern Europe as they pursue sustainable economic development. The focus of the Profile is on energy and highlights information on Hungary`s energy supply, demand, and utilization. It identifies patterns of energy usage in the important economic sectors, especially industry, and provides a preliminary assessment for opportunities to improve efficiencies in energy production, distribution and use by introducing more efficient technologies. The use of more efficient technologies would have the added benefit of reducing the environmental impact which, although is not the focus of the report, is an issue that effects energy choices. The Profile also presents considerable economic information, primarily in the context of how economic restructuring may affect energy supply, demand, and the introduction of more efficient technologies.

Not Available

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Oil and gas field code master list 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Oil and Gas Field Code Master List 1997 is the sixteenth annual listing of all identified oil and gas fields in the US. It is updated with field information collected through October 1997. The purpose of this publication is to provide unique, standardized codes for identification of domestic fields. Use of these field codes fosters consistency of field identification by government and industry. As a result of their widespread adoption they have in effect become a national standard. The use of field names and codes listed in this publication is required on survey forms and other reports regarding field-specific data collected by EIA. There are 58,366 field records in this year`s FCML, 437 more than last year. The FCML includes: field records for each State and county in which a field resides; field records for each offshore area block in the Gulf of Mexico in which a field resides; field records for each alias field name (definition of alias is listed); fields crossing State boundaries that may be assigned different names by the respective State naming authorities. This report also contains an Invalid Field Record List of 4 records that have been removed from the FCML since last year`s report. These records were found to be either technically incorrect or to represent field names which were never recognized by State naming authorities.

NONE

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Generalized concatenated quantum codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the concept of generalized concatenated quantum codes. This generalized concatenation method provides a systematical way for constructing good quantum codes, both stabilizer codes and nonadditive codes. Using ...

Grassl, Markus

31

Concatenated Conjugate Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A conjugate code pair is defined as a pair of linear codes either of which contains the dual of the other. A conjugate code pair represents the essential structure of the corresponding Calderbank-Shor-Steane (CSS) quantum code. It is known that conjugate code pairs are applicable to (quantum) cryptography. We give a construction method for efficiently decodable conjugate code pairs.

Mitsuru Hamada

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

32

Homological stabilizer codes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we define homological stabilizer codes on qubits which encompass codes such as Kitaev's toric code and the topological color codes. These codes are defined solely by the graphs they reside on. This feature allows us to use properties of topological graph theory to determine the graphs which are suitable as homological stabilizer codes. We then show that all toric codes are equivalent to homological stabilizer codes on 4-valent graphs. We show that the topological color codes and toric codes correspond to two distinct classes of graphs. We define the notion of label set equivalencies and show that under a small set of constraints the only homological stabilizer codes without local logical operators are equivalent to Kitaev's toric code or to the topological color codes. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We show that Kitaev's toric codes are equivalent to homological stabilizer codes on 4-valent graphs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We show that toric codes and color codes correspond to homological stabilizer codes on distinct graphs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We find and classify all 2D homological stabilizer codes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We find optimal codes among the homological stabilizer codes.

Anderson, Jonas T., E-mail: jonastyleranderson@gmail.com

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

33

The chemical industry, by country  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of its ACHEMA coverage, Hydrocarbon Processing contacted executives of petrochemical/chemical industry trade associations in 11 countries, seeking views of on the state of the industry. These reports thus provide an added dimension to feature articles in this issue that focus on petrochemical/chemical-product supply/demand trends, economic forecasts, etc. The nations represented here were chosen for commentary because collectively they contain most of the world's petrochemical capacity. Space limitations prohibit the publishing of commentaries from all countries that have petrochemical/chemical capacity. The countries are: Belgium, China, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, The Netherlands, United Kingdom, and the United States.

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Hospital valuation in emerging countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Private health players in emerging countries have increased their presence and contributed to global health issues, but have been undervalued in financing. A variety of health players have evolved and hospitals have played ...

Segawa, Tsuyoshi, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Generalized Concatenation for Quantum Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show how good quantum error-correcting codes can be constructed using generalized concatenation. The inner codes are quantum codes, the outer codes can be linear or nonlinear classical codes. Many new good codes are ...

Grassl, Markus

36

Guam- Building Energy Code  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

NOTE: In September 2012, The Guam Building Code Council adopted the draft [http://www.guamenergy.com/outreach-education/guam-tropical-energy-code/ Guam Tropical Energy Code]. It must be adopted by...

37

Codeword Stabilized Quantum Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a unifying approach to quantum error correcting code design that encompasses additive (stabilizer) codes, as well as all known examples of nonadditive codes with good parameters. We use this framework to generate new codes with superior parameters to any previously known. In particular, we find ((10,18,3)) and ((10,20,3)) codes. We also show how to construct encoding circuits for all codes within our framework.

Andrew Cross; Graeme Smith; John A. Smolin; Bei Zeng

2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

38

Generalized Concatenated Quantum Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce the concept of generalized concatenated quantum codes. This generalized concatenation method provides a systematical way for constructing good quantum codes, both stabilizer codes and nonadditive codes. Using this method, we construct families of new single-error-correcting nonadditive quantum codes, in both binary and nonbinary cases, which not only outperform any stabilizer codes for finite block length, but also asymptotically achieve the quantum Hamming bound for large block length.

Markus Grassl; Peter Shor; Graeme Smith; John Smolin; Bei Zeng

2009-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

39

Encoding Subsystem Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we investigate the encoding of operator quantum error correcting codes i.e. subsystem codes. We show that encoding of subsystem codes can be reduced to encoding of a related stabilizer code making it possible to use all the known results on encoding of stabilizer codes. Along the way we also show how Clifford codes can be encoded. We also show that gauge qubits can be exploited to reduce the encoding complexity.

Pradeep Kiran Sarvepalli; Andreas Klappenecker

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

40

On optimal constacyclic codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we investigate the class of constacyclic codes, which is a natural generalization of the class of cyclic and negacyclic codes. This class of codes is interesting in the sense that it contains codes with good or even optimal parameters. In this light, we propose constructions of families of classical block and convolutional maximum-distance-separable (MDS) constacyclic codes, as well as families of asymmetric quantum MDS codes derived from (classical-block) constacyclic codes. These results are mainly derived from the investigation of suitable properties on cyclotomic cosets of these corresponding codes.

Giuliano G. La Guardia

2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "invalid country code" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The chemical industry, by country  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Beijing will be the site for the third ACHEMASIA, international petrochemical and chemical exhibition and conference, May 15--20, 1995. In preparation for this conference, Hydrocarbon Processing contacted executives of petrochemical/chemical industries and trade associations, seeking views on the state of the industry. The Asia-Pacific region is the center of new construction and expanded capacity and also a mixture of mature, developing and emerging petrochemical industries. Established countries must mold and grow with emerging economies as the newcomers access natural resources and develop their own petrochemical infrastructures. The following nation reports focus on product supply/demand trends, economic forecasts, new construction, etc. Space limitations prohibit publishing commentaries from all countries that have petrochemical/chemical capacity. Reports are published from the following countries: Australia, China, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Not Available

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Fayette Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fayette Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis Fayette Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis This is a document from the Fayette County Housing Consortium posted...

43

Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

At the fifth annual Renewable Energy Projects in Indian Country Conference, tribal leaders and professionals will discuss the significant opportunities for energy development in Indian Country, as...

44

Generalized Concatenation for Quantum Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show how good quantum error-correcting codes can be constructed using generalized concatenation. The inner codes are quantum codes, the outer codes can be linear or nonlinear classical codes. Many new good codes are found, including both stabilizer codes as well as so-called nonadditive codes.

Markus Grassl; Peter W. Shor; Bei Zeng

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

45

Country Scotland Type Single malt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Country Scotland Type Single malt Distillery Aberfeldy Region Highlands Age 12 years ABV 40% Cask, the perfume characteristics become more spicy, with a bitter hint of Seville oranges in a decidedly dry finish. Drying citrus/oak with a gentle spiciness, held in a warm embrace of cigar smoke, and a little vanilla

Izzard, Rob

46

Country Scotland Type Single malt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Country Scotland Type Single malt Distillery Jura Region Island Name Prophecy ABV 46 Cask French airport Notes Limited annual release: 10,000 bottles only. Nose Some peat, aniseed, oily, dry, pungent, dried hay, and anise round things out. Palate Smoky and dry, a muscular, powerful Jura with notes

Izzard, Rob

47

Country Energy Profile, South Africa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This country energy profile provides energy and economic information about South Africa. Areas covered include: Economics, demographics, and environment; Energy situation; Energy structure; Energy investment opportunities; Department of Energy (DOE) programs in South Africa; and a listing of International aid to South Africa.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Graph concatenation for quantum codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graphs are closely related to quantum error-correcting codes: every stabilizer code is locally equivalent to a graph code and every codeword stabilized code can be described by a graph and a classical code. For the ...

Beigi, Salman

49

CONCATENATED CODES BASED ON MULTIDIMENSIONAL PARITY-CHECK CODES AND TURBO CODES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONCATENATED CODES BASED ON MULTIDIMENSIONAL PARITY-CHECK CODES AND TURBO CODES John M. Shea, Florida Abstract--Turbo-codes provide communications near capac- ity when very large interleavers (and parity-check code can be used as an outer code with a turbo code as an inner code in a serial

Wong, Tan F.

50

Joint Source-Channel Coding via Turbo Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joint Source-Channel Coding via Turbo Codes by Guang-Chong Zhu A dissertation submitted coding. One of the most exciting break- throughs in channel coding is the invention of Turbo codes, whose- tigate three joint source-channel coding issues in the context of Turbo codes. In the #12;rst part

Alajaji, Fady

51

Unfolding the color code  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The topological color code and the toric code are two leading candidates for realizing fault-tolerant quantum computation. Here we show that the color code on a $d$-dimensional closed manifold is equivalent to multiple decoupled copies of the $d$-dimensional toric code up to local unitary transformations and adding or removing ancilla qubits. Our result not only generalizes the proven equivalence for $d=2$, but also provides an explicit recipe of how to decouple independent components of the color code, highlighting the importance of colorability in the construction of the code. Moreover, for the $d$-dimensional color code with $d+1$ boundaries of $d+1$ distinct colors, we find that the code is equivalent to multiple copies of the $d$-dimensional toric code which are attached along a $(d-1)$-dimensional boundary. In particular, for $d=2$, we show that the (triangular) color code with boundaries is equivalent to the (folded) toric code with boundaries. We also find that the $d$-dimensional toric code admits logical non-Pauli gates from the $d$-th level of the Clifford hierarchy, and thus saturates the bound by Bravyi and K\\"{o}nig. In particular, we show that the $d$-qubit control-$Z$ logical gate can be fault-tolerantly implemented on the stack of $d$ copies of the toric code by a local unitary transformation.

Aleksander Kubica; Beni Yoshida; Fernando Pastawski

2015-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

52

List decoding of subspace codes and rank-metric codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2.2.2 Koetter-Kschischang Codes . . . . . . . . . . . .of Subspace Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.1 OverviewList-decodable Codes of Arbitrary Dimension . . . . . . .

Mahdavifar, Hessam

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Building Energy Code  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Note: Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more...

54

Building Energy Code  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

''Note: Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For...

55

Model Building Energy Code  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

''Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more...

56

Compiling Codes on Euclid  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Compiling Codes Compiling Codes Overview Open Mpi is the the only MPI library available on Euclid. This implementation of MPI-2 is described at Open MPI: Open Source High...

57

Building Energy Code  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

''Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more...

58

Homological Product Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum codes with low-weight stabilizers known as LDPC codes have been actively studied recently due to their simple syndrome readout circuits and potential applications in fault-tolerant quantum computing. However, all families of quantum LDPC codes known to this date suffer from a poor distance scaling limited by the square-root of the code length. This is in a sharp contrast with the classical case where good families of LDPC codes are known that combine constant encoding rate and linear distance. Here we propose the first family of good quantum codes with low-weight stabilizers. The new codes have a constant encoding rate, linear distance, and stabilizers acting on at most $\\sqrt{n}$ qubits, where $n$ is the code length. For comparison, all previously known families of good quantum codes have stabilizers of linear weight. Our proof combines two techniques: randomized constructions of good quantum codes and the homological product operation from algebraic topology. We conjecture that similar methods can produce good stabilizer codes with stabilizer weight $n^a$ for any $a>0$. Finally, we apply the homological product to construct new small codes with low-weight stabilizers.

Sergey Bravyi; Matthew B. Hastings

2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

59

Sustainable Acquisition Coding System | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sustainable Acquisition Coding System Sustainable Acquisition Coding System Sustainable Acquisition Coding System Sustainable Acquisition Coding System More Documents &...

60

Understanding Perception Through Neural 'Codes'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Perception Through Neural ‘Codes’. In: Special Issue on “Perception Through Neural ‘Codes’. In: Special Issue on “Perception Through Neural ‘Codes’. In: Special Issue on “

Freeman, Walter J III

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "invalid country code" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Geospatial Toolkits and Resource Maps for Selected Countries from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

NREL developed the Geospatial Toolkit (GsT), a map-based software application that integrates resource data and geographic information systems (GIS) for integrated resource assessment. A variety of agencies within countries, along with global datasets, provided country-specific data. Originally developed in 2005, the Geospatial Toolkit was completely redesigned and re-released in November 2010 to provide a more modern, easier-to-use interface with considerably faster analytical querying capabilities. Toolkits are available for 21 countries and each one can be downloaded separately. The source code for the toolkit is also available. [Taken and edited from http://www.nrel.gov/international/geospatial_toolkits.html

62

Shortened Turbo Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simple arguments suggest that shortened codes must have distance properties equal to or better than those of their parent codes, and that they should be equally practical to decode. This relationship holds true in the case of low density generator codes and low density parity check codes. We investigate the properties of shortened turbo codes. I. Motivation for Shortening In our previous work on codes based on very sparse matrices we have observed that while codes with a low density generator matrix [1] are asymptotically bad, codes with a low density parity check matrix [2] are asymptotically good [3, 4, 5]. One way of viewing the relationship between low density generator matrix codes and low density parity check matrix codes is that one obtains a low density parity check matrix by taking the M \\Theta N parity check matrix [P IM ] of a (N; K) low density generator matrix code and chopping off its right-most M columns (where M = N \\Gamma K), to yield an M \\Theta K matrix [P], which...

David J.C. MacKay

63

Countries Gasoline Prices Including Taxes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOilCompanyexcluding taxes)Countries (U.S.

64

Code Red 2 kills off Code Red 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;#12;Code Red 2 kills off Code Red 1 Code Red 2 settles into weekly pattern Nimda enters the ecosystem Code Red 2 dies off as programmed CR 1 returns thanks to bad clocks #12;Code Red 2 dies off as programmed Nimda hums along, slowly cleaned up With its predator gone, Code Red 1 comes back, still

Paxson, Vern

65

The Kyoto Protocol and developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Under the Kyoto Protocol, the world's wealthier countries assumed binding commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement requires these countries to consider ways to minimize adverse effects on developing ...

Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D.

66

June federal court ruling invalidating the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Striking a Balance Between Energy and the Environment in the Columbia River Basin What's Inside NW that the proposed level of funding for energy conserva- tion is unlikely to achieve Bonneville's share and steelhead recovery. Recently the Coun- cil completed amending its fish and wild- life program with 58 plans

67

Mechanical code comparator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A new class of mechanical code comparators is described which have broad potential for application in safety, surety, and security applications. These devices can be implemented as micro-scale electromechanical systems that isolate a secure or otherwise controlled device until an access code is entered. This access code is converted into a series of mechanical inputs to the mechanical code comparator, which compares the access code to a pre-input combination, entered previously into the mechanical code comparator by an operator at the system security control point. These devices provide extremely high levels of robust security. Being totally mechanical in operation, an access control system properly based on such devices cannot be circumvented by software attack alone.

Peter, Frank J. (Albuquerque, NM); Dalton, Larry J. (Bernalillo, NM); Plummer, David W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Banner Index Codes The Index code is a data-entry shortcut for the Fund code, Org code, and Program code in Banner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Banner Index Codes The Index code is a data-entry shortcut for the Fund code, Org code, and Program code in Banner Finance (FO-P's). Implementation of the Index has greatly decreased data entry coding ­ Account (object) - Program (FOAP) code numbers on any of your accounting forms (Contracts, Purchase Orders

69

Graph Concatenation for Quantum Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graphs are closely related to quantum error-correcting codes: every stabilizer code is locally equivalent to a graph code, and every codeword stabilized code can be described by a graph and a classical code. For the construction of good quantum codes of relatively large block length, concatenated quantum codes and their generalizations play an important role. We develop a systematic method for constructing concatenated quantum codes based on "graph concatenation", where graphs representing the inner and outer codes are concatenated via a simple graph operation called "generalized local complementation." Our method applies to both binary and non-binary concatenated quantum codes as well as their generalizations.

Salman Beigi; Isaac Chuang; Markus Grassl; Peter Shor; Bei Zeng

2010-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

70

Reed-Muller Codes: Spherically-Punctured Codes and Decoding Algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Linear codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3.3 Code parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . .of linear codes . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 Reed-Muller

Kapralova, Olga

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Universal space-time codes from demultiplexed trellis codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and A. R. Calderbank, “Space-time codes for high data ratePerformance criteria and code construction,” IEEE Trans.of space–time trellis codes,” IEEE Trans. Commun. , vol. 51,

Kose, Cenk; Wesel, R D

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Relation Between Surface Codes and Hypermap-Homology Quantum Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, a new class of quantum codes based on hypermaps were proposed. These codes are obtained from embeddings of hypergraphs as opposed to surface codes which are obtained from the embeddings of graphs. It is natural to compare these two classes of codes and their relation to each other. In this context two related questions are addressed in this paper: Can the parameters of hypermap-homology codes be superior to those of surface codes and what is precisely the relation between these two classes of quantum codes? We show that a canonical hypermap code is identical to a surface code while a noncanonical hypermap code can be transformed to a surface code by CNOT gates alone. Our approach is constructive; we construct the related surface code and the transformation involving CNOT gates.

Pradeep Sarvepalli

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

73

Report number codes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication lists all report number codes processed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information. The report codes are substantially based on the American National Standards Institute, Standard Technical Report Number (STRN)-Format and Creation Z39.23-1983. The Standard Technical Report Number (STRN) provides one of the primary methods of identifying a specific technical report. The STRN consists of two parts: The report code and the sequential number. The report code identifies the issuing organization, a specific program, or a type of document. The sequential number, which is assigned in sequence by each report issuing entity, is not included in this publication. Part I of this compilation is alphabetized by report codes followed by issuing installations. Part II lists the issuing organization followed by the assigned report code(s). In both Parts I and II, the names of issuing organizations appear for the most part in the form used at the time the reports were issued. However, for some of the more prolific installations which have had name changes, all entries have been merged under the current name.

Nelson, R.N. (ed.)

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

SECURITY ANALYSIS OF PROPOSEDTRAVELTO SENSITIVE COUNTRIES | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

COUNTRIES More Documents & Publications 2014 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 6, Foreign Interaction PSH-12-0117 - In the matter of Personnel Security...

75

“Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

&8220;Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries: The development of hydropower on a sustainable basis has been an array of humanitarian and economic development,...

76

Quantum convolutional stabilizer codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

constructions of good quantum error-correcting codes were given by Steane [2] and Calderbank and Shor [3]. These codes protect the quantum information using additional qubits and make it possible to reverse the e®ects of the most likely errors. 10 Encouraged... is that accurate computation does not require perfect physical devices. B. Background The Żrst quantum error correcting codes were discovered independently by Shor [1] and Steane [2], as mentioned in the previous section. Shor proved that 9 qubits could be used...

Chinthamani, Neelima

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

77

Quantum stabilizer codes and beyond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The importance of quantum error correction in paving the way to build a practical quantum computer is no longer in doubt. This dissertation makes a threefold contribution to the mathematical theory of quantum error-correcting codes. Firstly, it extends the framework of an important class of quantum codes -- nonbinary stabilizer codes. It clarifies the connections of stabilizer codes to classical codes over quadratic extension fields, provides many new constructions of quantum codes, and develops further the theory of optimal quantum codes and punctured quantum codes. Secondly, it contributes to the theory of operator quantum error correcting codes also called as subsystem codes. These codes are expected to have efficient error recovery schemes than stabilizer codes. This dissertation develops a framework for study and analysis of subsystem codes using character theoretic methods. In particular, this work establishes a close link between subsystem codes and classical codes showing that the subsystem codes can be constructed from arbitrary classical codes. Thirdly, it seeks to exploit the knowledge of noise to design efficient quantum codes and considers more realistic channels than the commonly studied depolarizing channel. It gives systematic constructions of asymmetric quantum stabilizer codes that exploit the asymmetry of errors in certain quantum channels.

Pradeep Kiran Sarvepalli

2008-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

78

Unequal Error Protection Turbo Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unequal Error Protection Turbo Codes Diploma Thesis Neele von Deetzen Arbeitsbereich Nachrichtentechnik School of Engineering and Science Bremen, February 28th, 2005 #12;Unequal Error Protection Turbo Convolutional Codes / Turbo Codes 18 3.1 Structure

Henkel, Werner

79

Rateless Codes for AVC Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2004. [7] M. Luby, “LT codes,” in Proc. 43rd Ann. IEEE Symp.8] A. Shokrollahi, “Fountain codes,” in Proc. 41st AllertonChannel capacities for list codes,” J. Appl. Probabil. ,

Sarwate, A D; Gastpar, M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Climate Code Foundation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Code Foundation - who are we? A non-profit organisation founded in August 2010; our goal is to promote the public understanding of climate science, by increasing the visibility and clarity of the software used in climate science...

Barnes, Nick; Jones, David

2011-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "invalid country code" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

No Code: Null Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To continue the productive discussion of uninscribed artworks in Craig Dworkin’s No Medium, this report discusses, in detail, those computer programs that have no code, and are thus empty or null. Several specific examples ...

Montfort, Nick

2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

82

Quantum Error Correcting Subsystem Codes From Two Classical Linear Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The essential insight of quantum error correction was that quantum information can be protected by suitably encoding this quantum information across multiple independently erred quantum systems. Recently it was realized that, since the most general method for encoding quantum information is to encode it into a subsystem, there exists a novel form of quantum error correction beyond the traditional quantum error correcting subspace codes. These new quantum error correcting subsystem codes differ from subspace codes in that their quantum correcting routines can be considerably simpler than related subspace codes. Here we present a class of quantum error correcting subsystem codes constructed from two classical linear codes. These codes are the subsystem versions of the quantum error correcting subspace codes which are generalizations of Shor's original quantum error correcting subspace codes. For every Shor-type code, the codes we present give a considerable savings in the number of stabilizer measurements needed in their error recovery routines.

Dave Bacon; Andrea Casaccino

2006-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

83

Quantum error control codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

QUANTUM ERROR CONTROL CODES A Dissertation by SALAH ABDELHAMID AWAD ALY AHMED Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2008 Major... Subject: Computer Science QUANTUM ERROR CONTROL CODES A Dissertation by SALAH ABDELHAMID AWAD ALY AHMED Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY...

Abdelhamid Awad Aly Ahmed, Sala

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

84

Energy and Mineral Development in Indian Country  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation is hosting the Special Institute on Energy and Mineral Development in Indian Country. This two-day conference will cover laws, policies, and practices regarding natural resources development in Indian Country and how they've evolved in the recent years.

85

Colombia Country Assessment for Youth Development Accounts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Colombia Country Assessment for Youth Development Accounts By Rainier Masa Summary Colombia stands in Colombia, and managed to attract more savers than borrowers (CGAP, 1998; Wisniwski, 1999). It serves more, and Megabanco.5 Although microfinance has a strong presence in the country, Colombia remains the only important

Subramanian, Venkat

86

Thailand: Asia Pacific energy series: Country report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of our continuing assessment of the Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked upon country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each country within the region. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic situation and, when possible, of the political situation in the country under study. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, as much as possible, we have provided the latest available statistics---more often than not, from unpublished sources. Staff members have traveled extensively in the countries under review and have spoken to top policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but the latest thinking on energy issues in various countries. It is our hope that over the next few years these country studies can be updated and will provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. 48 refs., 23 figs., 56 tabs.

Fridley, D.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Nested Quantum Error Correction Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The theory of quantum error correction was established more than a decade ago as the primary tool for fighting decoherence in quantum information processing. Although great progress has already been made in this field, limited methods are available in constructing new quantum error correction codes from old codes. Here we exhibit a simple and general method to construct new quantum error correction codes by nesting certain quantum codes together. The problem of finding long quantum error correction codes is reduced to that of searching several short length quantum codes with certain properties. Our method works for all length and all distance codes, and is quite efficient to construct optimal or near optimal codes. Two main known methods in constructing new codes from old codes in quantum error-correction theory, the concatenating and pasting, can be understood in the framework of nested quantum error correction codes.

Zhuo Wang; Kai Sun; Hen Fan; Vlatko Vedral

2009-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

88

Code: A Lightweight and Flexible Mobile Code Toolkit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

evaluation of mobile code technology does not exist yet, some studies already evidenced that the powerful of client­server and mobile code in reducing the network traffic generated by management. The theoreticalŻCode: A Lightweight and Flexible Mobile Code Toolkit Gian Pietro Picco Dip. Automatica e

Picco, Gian Pietro

89

Clean development mechanism: Perspectives from developing countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper addresses the political acceptability and workability of CDM by and in developing countries. At COP-3 in Kyoto in 1997, the general position among developing countries changed from strong rejection of joint implementation to acceptance of CDM. The outgrowth of CDM from a proposal from Brazil to establish a Clean Development Fund gave developing countries a sense of ownership of the idea. More importantly, establishing support for sustainable development as a main goal for CDM overcame the resistance of many developing countries to accept a carbon trading mechanism. The official acceptance of CDM is not a guarantee of continued acceptance, however. Many developing countries expect CDM to facilitate a substantial transfer of technology and other resources to support economic growth. There is concern that Annex I countries may shift official development assistance into CDM in order to gain carbon credits, and that development priorities could suffer as a result. Some fear that private investments could be skewed toward projects that yield carbon credits. Developing country governments are wary regarding the strong role of the private sector envisioned for CDM. Increasing the awareness and capacity of the private sector in developing countries to initiate and implement CDM projects needs to be a high priority. While private sector partnerships will be the main vehicle for resource transfer in CDM, developing country governments want to play a strong role in overseeing and guiding the process so that it best serves their development goals. Most countries feel that establishment of criteria for sustainable development should be left to individual countries. A key issue is how CDM can best support the strengthening of local capacity to sustain and replicate projects that serve both climate change mitigation and sustainable development objectives.There is support among developing countries for commencing CDM as soon as possible. Since official commencement must await the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol, many developing countries support the establishment of an Interim Phase starting in 2000, with possible retroactive crediting once the Protocol enters into force.

Sari, Agus P.; Meyers, Stephen

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

MHD Generation Code  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A program to generate codes in Fortran and C of the full Magnetohydrodynamic equations is shown. The program used the free computer algebra system software REDUCE. This software has a package called EXCALC, which is an exterior calculus program. The advantage of this program is that it can be modified to include another complex metric or spacetime. The output of this program is modified by means of a LINUX script which creates a new REDUCE program to manipulate the MHD equations to obtain a code that can be used as a seed for a MHD code for numerical applications. As an example, we present part of output of our programs for Cartesian coordinates and how to do the discretization.

Frutos-Alfaro, Francisco

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Extended quantum color coding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The quantum color coding scheme proposed by Korff and Kempe [e-print quant-ph/0405086] is easily extended so that the color coding quantum system is allowed to be entangled with an extra auxiliary quantum system. It is shown that in the extended scheme we need only {approx}2{radical}(N) quantum colors to order N objects in large N limit, whereas {approx}N/e quantum colors are required in the original nonextended version. The maximum success probability has asymptotics expressed by the Tracy-Widom distribution of the largest eigenvalue of a random Gaussian unitary ensemble (GUE) matrix.

Hayashi, A.; Hashimoto, T.; Horibe, M. [Department of Applied Physics, Fukui University, Fukui 910-8507 (Japan)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Coding for Cooperative Communications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

develop and design practical coding strategies which perform very close to the infor- mation theoretic limits. The cooperative communication channels we consider are: (a) The Gaussian re- lay channel, (b) the quasi-static fading relay channel, (c... modulation. The CF strategy is implemented with low-density parity-check (LDPC) and irregular repeat- accumulate codes and is found to operate within 0.34 dB of the theoretical limit. For the quasi-static fading relay channel, we assume that no channel...

Uppal, Momin Ayub

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

93

The Determinants of Internal Migration in a Developing Country: Quantitative Evidence for Indonesia, 1930-200  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1   The determinants of internal migration in a developing country: quantitative evidence for Indonesia, 1930-2000 J. van Lottuma* and D. Marksb a Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure, Geography Department... : Internal Migration; Indonesia; Gravity Model; Policy; Development JEL codes: J61; J68; N15; O15 Abstract This study specifies and estimates a gravity model for inter-provincial migration in Indonesia. Using panel data for Indonesia’s 26 provinces...

van Lottum, J; Marks, D

94

Education and health care in developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis is a collection of three essays on education and health in developing countries. Chapter 1 shows that increasing perceived returns to education strengthens incentives for schooling when agents underestimate the ...

Nguyen, Trang V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

The Woodland Carbon Code  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Woodland Carbon Code While society must continue to make every effort to reduce greenhouse gas a role by removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The potential of woodlands to soak up carbon to help compensate for their carbon emissions. But before investing in such projects, people want to know

96

Course Code: Course Title  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- Frameworks; Decision Making Development life-cycle of a software system Bi-directional influence between-Critical Systems; Technology & Society. Brave New Worlds - Co-operative Computing; eLife. Learning OutcomesCourse Code: F29PD Course Title: Professional Development Course Co-ordinator: Sandy Jean

Painter, Kevin

97

Hydrogen Production CODES & STANDARDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogen Production DELIVERY FUEL CELLS STORAGE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY VALIDATION CODES & STANDARDS for 2010 · Reduce the cost of distributed production of hydrogen from natural gas and/or liquid fuels to $1 SYSTEMS INTEGRATION / ANALYSES SAFETY EDUCATION RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT Economy Pete Devlin #12;Hydrogen

98

Chaotic Turbo Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes a new class of codes, chaotic turbo codes. They were born from a symbiosis between a chaotical digital encoder and a turbo code. This paper investigates the most important properties of both chaotic digital encoders and turbo encoders in order to understand how the two complement each other. A Chaotic Turbo Encoder is then described and initial results will be presented. I. INTRODUCTION A chaotic digital encoder was defined for the first time in [1] as a non--linear digital filter with finite precision (8 bits) which behaves in a quasi--chaotic fashion, both with zero and nonzero input sequences. A simple chaotic encoder is shown in Figure 1 [1]. D Y k X k LCIRC D Figure 1: Chaotic Digital Encoder Mapper L L L L L L 1 The main features of chaotic digital encoders that are used in this paper are: # The system is digital which makes possible its integration with a turbo code. # The output of a chaotic digital encoder with arbitrary inputs has a broad...

S. Adrian Barbulescu; Andrew Guidi; Steven S. Pietrobon

99

Minor Codes Accounting 1100  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minor Codes Accounting 1100 Adult/Extension Education 1220 Aerospace Studies 1225 Agricultural Business Management 1250 Agricultural Mechanization and Business 1600 American Sign Language Studies 5650 and Policy 3790 Equine Business 4690 Film Studies 7756 Financial Management 3900 Food Science 4100 Forest

Bolding, M. Chad

100

Erasure Techniques in MRD codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This book is organized into six chapters. The first chapter introduces the basic algebraic structures essential to make this book a self contained one. Algebraic linear codes and their basic properties are discussed in chapter two. In chapter three the authors study the basic properties of erasure decoding in maximum rank distance codes. Some decoding techniques about MRD codes are described and discussed in chapter four of this book. Rank distance codes with complementary duals and MRD codes with complementary duals are introduced and their applications are discussed. Chapter five introduces the notion of integer rank distance codes. The final chapter introduces some concatenation techniques.

W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache; R. Sujatha; R. S. Raja Durai

2012-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "invalid country code" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Developed Countries' Imposed Standards on Trade of Agricultural Imports from Developing Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for cuts of meat, especially beef, is high and growing in developed countries around the world, and trade theory would predict a steady flow of exports from these countries to markets in the United States, the European Union, and elsewhere. Gaining... access to developed markets, however, is difficult and expensive, and for much of developing Africa has proved impossible to date. A primary barrier facing potential exporters is strict government policy in developed countries regarding food production...

Cabrera, Raul; Cochran, Matt; Dangelmayr, Lauren; D'Aguilar, Gavin; Lee, Jeongwoo; Speir, Ian; Weigand, Courtney

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

REDUCED-COMPLEXITY DECODING FOR CONCATENATED CODES BASED ON RECTANGULAR PARITY-CHECK CODES AND TURBO CODES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AND TURBO CODES John M. Shea and Tan F. Wong University of Florida Department of Electrical and Computer-check code (RPCC) with a turbo code. These concatenated codes are referred to as RPCC+turbo codes. RPCC+turbo codes have been shown to significantly outperform turbo codes in several scenarios [1],[2]. One

Wong, Tan F.

103

Adaptive code generators for tree coding of speech  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tree coding is a promising way of obtaining good performance for medium-to-low rate speech coding. The key part of a tree coder is the code generator which consists of a short-term predictor and a long-term predictor. The best predictor designed...

Dong, Hui

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Nevada Energy Code for Buildings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

''Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more...

105

Matlab-Kinect Interface Code  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This .zip file contains code and installation instructions for acquiring 3d arm movements in Matlab using the Microsoft Kinect 3d camera. The provided code has been validated in 32-bit and 64-bit Matlab with 32-bit and ...

Kowalski, Kevin

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

City of Austin- Zoning Code  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Zoning Code (Chapter 25-2) of the Austin City Code provides a height limitation exemption for solar installations. Solar installations may exceed the zoning district height limit by 15% or the...

107

Code of Practice Research Degrees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

........................................................................ 15 Section Ten: FacilitiesCode of Practice For Research Degrees 2014/15 #12;2 Contents Section One: Preface ­ the purpose of the Code........................................................ 3 Section Two: Context

Evans, Paul

108

HEALTH IN FRAGILE STATES COUNTRY CASE STUDY: NORTHERN UGANDA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HEALTH IN FRAGILE STATES COUNTRY CASE STUDY: NORTHERN UGANDA JUNE 2006 This publication COUNTRY CASE STUDY: NORTHERN UGANDA The authors' views expressed in this publication do not necessarily States, Country Case Study: Northern Uganda. Arlington, Virginia, USA: Basic Support

Scharfstein, Daniel

109

United Nations geothermal activities in developing countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The United Nations implements technical cooperation projects in developing countries through its Department of Technical Cooperation for Development (DTCD). The DTCD is mandated to explore for and develop natural resources (water, minerals, and relevant infrastructure) and energy - both conventional and new and renewable energy sources. To date, the United Nations has been involved in over 30 geothermal exploration projects (completed or underway) in 20 developing countries: 8 in Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar); 8 in Asia (China, India, Jordan, Philippines, Thailand); 9 in Latin America (Bolivia, Chile, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama) and 6 in Europe (Greece, Romania, Turkey, Yugoslavia). Today, the DTCD has seven UNDP geothermal projects in 6 developing countries. Four of these (Bolivia, China, Honduras, and Kenya) are major exploration projects whose formulation and execution has been possible thanks to the generous contributions under cost-sharing arrangements from the government of Italy. These four projects are summarized.

Beredjick, N.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

MELCOR computer code manuals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

MELCOR is a fully integrated, engineering-level computer code that models the progression of severe accidents in light water reactor nuclear power plants. MELCOR is being developed at Sandia National Laboratories for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission as a second-generation plant risk assessment tool and the successor to the Source Term Code Package. A broad spectrum of severe accident phenomena in both boiling and pressurized water reactors is treated in MELCOR in a unified framework. These include: thermal-hydraulic response in the reactor coolant system, reactor cavity, containment, and confinement buildings; core heatup, degradation, and relocation; core-concrete attack; hydrogen production, transport, and combustion; fission product release and transport; and the impact of engineered safety features on thermal-hydraulic and radionuclide behavior. Current uses of MELCOR include estimation of severe accident source terms and their sensitivities and uncertainties in a variety of applications. This publication of the MELCOR computer code manuals corresponds to MELCOR 1.8.3, released to users in August, 1994. Volume 1 contains a primer that describes MELCOR`s phenomenological scope, organization (by package), and documentation. The remainder of Volume 1 contains the MELCOR Users Guides, which provide the input instructions and guidelines for each package. Volume 2 contains the MELCOR Reference Manuals, which describe the phenomenological models that have been implemented in each package.

Summers, R.M.; Cole, R.K. Jr.; Smith, R.C.; Stuart, D.S.; Thompson, S.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hodge, S.A.; Hyman, C.R.; Sanders, R.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

What's coming in 2012 codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Administration Why Building Energy Codes Matter Why Building Energy Codes Matter ? Buildings account for 70% of electricity use ? Buildings account for 38% of CO2 emissions (Source: US Green Building Council) Residential Progress Commercial Progress... ? Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance ? Southwest Energy Efficiency Project Why Building Energy Codes Matter Why Building Energy Codes Matter ? Share of Energy Consumed by Major Sectors of the Economy (2010) Source: U.S. Energy Information...

Lacey, E

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Geothermal development opportunities in developing countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the proceedings of the Seminar on geothermal development opportunities in developing countries, sponsored by the Geothermal Division of the US Department of Energy and presented by the National Geothermal Association. The overall objectives of the seminar are: (1) Provide sufficient information to the attendees to encourage their interest in undertaking more geothermal projects within selected developing countries, and (2) Demonstrate the technological leadership of US technology and the depth of US industry experience and capabilities to best perform on these projects.

Kenkeremath, D.C.

1989-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

113

Energy Codes and Standards: Facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy codes and standards play a vital role in the marketplace by setting minimum requirements for energy-efficient design and construction. They outline uniform requirements for new buildings as well as additions and renovations. This article covers basic knowledge of codes and standards; development processes of each; adoption, implementation, and enforcement of energy codes and standards; and voluntary energy efficiency programs.

Bartlett, Rosemarie; Halverson, Mark A.; Shankle, Diana L.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Design of proximity detecting codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

class of codes called Proximity Detecting Codes can be used to overcome this problem associated with asynchronous channels. A t-proximity detecting (t-PD) code can detect when a received word is within distance t from the transmitted codeword, when using...

Perisetty, Srinivas

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Code for Hydrogen Hydrogen Pipeline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;2 Code for Hydrogen Pipelines Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop Augusta, Georgia August development · Charge from BPTCS to B31 Standards Committee for Hydrogen Piping/Pipeline code development · B31.12 Status & Structure · Hydrogen Pipeline issues · Research Needs · Where Do We Go From Here? #12;4 Code

116

PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF TURBO CODES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF TURBO CODES by Guangchong Zhu A project submitted to the Department named ``Turbo codes'' which claims an extraordinary performance with reasonable decoding complexity. In this project, we begin with a study on the structure and principle of Turbo codes. We then investigate

Alajaji, Fady

117

Travel Codes Traveler Is Employee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Travel Codes Traveler Is Employee: 64100-Domestic Travel 64150-Mileage 64200-International Travel Supplies & Expense Codes 71410-Office Supplies 71430-Lab/Research Supplies (dollar value of each item less Charges Equipment Codes 84320-Equipment (non-computer & peripherals) with a cost of $5,000.00 or more per

Arnold, Jonathan

118

asian developing countries: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Countries January 1991 Physics Websites Summary: Citation: U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Energy in Developing Countries, OTA-E-486: Energy and Technology in...

119

Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions of Over 300 Power Plants Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions of Over 300...

120

acid fortified countries: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the world's wealthier countries assumed binding commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement requires these countries to consider ways to minimize adverse...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "invalid country code" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Working in Indian Country: Building Successful Business Relationships...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Working in Indian Country: Building Successful Business Relationships with American Indian Tribes Workshop Working in Indian Country: Building Successful Business Relationships...

122

Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance's Building Energy Codes...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance's Building Energy Codes Project Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance's Building Energy Codes Project Building Codes Project for the 2013...

123

2013 Reporting Unit Codes | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2013 Reporting Unit Codes 2013 Reporting Unit Codes CFC Reporting Unit Codes 2013.pdf More Documents & Publications EA-0372: Final Environmental Assessment Alignment: Achieving...

124

Error Floors of LDPC Codes and Related Topics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2.2 LDPC Codes . . . . . . . .2.1 Binary Linear Block Codes . . . . . . .

Butler, Brian K.

125

Energy Codes at a Glance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Feeling dim from energy code confusion? Read on to give your inspections a charge. The U.S. Department of Energy’s Building Energy Codes Program addresses hundreds of inquiries from the energy codes community every year. This article offers clarification for topics of confusion submitted to BECP Technical Support of interest to electrical inspectors, focusing on the residential and commercial energy code requirements based on the most recently published 2006 International Energy Conservation Code® and ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA1 Standard 90.1-2004.

Cole, Pamala C.; Richman, Eric E.

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Policies for the 2011 Assessment of country  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This means huge investments, totalling 1.4% of global GDP per year by 2030, which will have to be madePolicies for the future 2011 Assessment of country energy and climate policies World Energy Council Project Partner OLIVER WYMAN #12;Officers of the World Energy Council Pierre Gadonneix Chair Abubakar

Kammen, Daniel M.

127

Mercury and the Gold Country Angler Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;#12;Mercury and the Gold Rush #12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;Gold Country Angler Survey A Pilot Study to Assess Mercury Exposure from Sport Fish Consumption in the Sierra Nevada Carrie Monohan, Ph.D. #12;Mercury and the Gold Rush Deer Creek 1908 Greenhorn Creek 2011 Mercury was used during

128

Payment list S.No Names Country  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Payment list S.No Names Country 1 A. Bueck Germany 2 A. Kronenburg Germany 3 Achintya Mukhopadhyay Chennai 4 Christoph Kirse Germany 5 Heiko Briesen Germany 6 Jitendra Kumar Germany 7 Mahesh V . Panchagnula Chennai 8 Marchisio, D. L. Italy 9 Markus Kraft UK 10 Martin. A. J. Hartig Germany 11 Menwer M

Srinivasan, N.

129

Wyner-Ziv coding based on TCQ and LDPC codes and extensions to multiterminal source coding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to approach the Wyner-Ziv distortion limit D??W Z(R), the trellis coded quantization (TCQ) technique is employed to quantize the source X, and irregular LDPC code is used to implement Slepian-Wolf coding of the quantized source input Q(X) given the side...

Yang, Yang

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Midwest Energy Codes Project  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F S i DOE TribaltheMy nameMid-LevelMidwest Energy Codes Project 2014

131

Quantum serial turbo-codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a theory of quantum serial turbo-codes, describe their iterative decoding algorithm, and study their performances numerically on a depolarization channel. Our construction offers several advantages over quantum LDPC codes. First, the Tanner graph used for decoding is free of 4-cycles that deteriorate the performances of iterative decoding. Secondly, the iterative decoder makes explicit use of the code's degeneracy. Finally, there is complete freedom in the code design in terms of length, rate, memory size, and interleaver choice. We define a quantum analogue of a state diagram that provides an efficient way to verify the properties of a quantum convolutional code, and in particular its recursiveness and the presence of catastrophic error propagation. We prove that all recursive quantum convolutional encoder have catastrophic error propagation. In our constructions, the convolutional codes have thus been chosen to be non-catastrophic and non-recursive. While the resulting families of turbo-codes have bounded minimum distance, from a pragmatic point of view the effective minimum distances of the codes that we have simulated are large enough not to degrade the iterative decoding performance up to reasonable word error rates and block sizes. With well chosen constituent convolutional codes, we observe an important reduction of the word error rate as the code length increases.

David Poulin; Jean-Pierre Tillich; Harold Ollivier

2009-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

132

Turbo and LDPC Codes: Implementation, Simulation,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Turbo and LDPC Codes: Implementation, Simulation, and Standardization June 7, 2006 Matthew/7/2006 Turbo and LDPC Codes 2/133 Tutorial Overview Channel capacity Convolutional codes ­ the MAP algorithm Turbo codes ­ Standard binary turbo codes: UMTS and cdma2000 ­ Duobinary CRSC turbo codes: DVB

Valenti, Matthew C.

133

Conjugate Codes and Applications to Cryptography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A conjugate code pair is defined as a pair of linear codes such that one contains the dual of the other. The conjugate code pair represents the essential structure of the corresponding Calderbank-Shor-Steane (CSS) quantum code. It is argued that conjugate code pairs are applicable to quantum cryptography in order to motivate studies on conjugate code pairs.

Mitsuru Hamada

2006-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

134

Proceedings of the OECD/CSNI workshop on transient thermal-hydraulic and neutronic codes requirements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a report on the CSNI Workshop on Transient Thermal-Hydraulic and Neutronic Codes Requirements held at Annapolis, Maryland, USA November 5-8, 1996. This experts` meeting consisted of 140 participants from 21 countries; 65 invited papers were presented. The meeting was divided into five areas: (1) current and prospective plans of thermal hydraulic codes development; (2) current and anticipated uses of thermal-hydraulic codes; (3) advances in modeling of thermal-hydraulic phenomena and associated additional experimental needs; (4) numerical methods in multi-phase flows; and (5) programming language, code architectures and user interfaces. The workshop consensus identified the following important action items to be addressed by the international community in order to maintain and improve the calculational capability: (a) preserve current code expertise and institutional memory, (b) preserve the ability to use the existing investment in plant transient analysis codes, (c) maintain essential experimental capabilities, (d) develop advanced measurement capabilities to support future code validation work, (e) integrate existing analytical capabilities so as to improve performance and reduce operating costs, (f) exploit the proven advances in code architecture, numerics, graphical user interfaces, and modularization in order to improve code performance and scrutibility, and (g) more effectively utilize user experience in modifying and improving the codes.

Ebert, D.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Adirondack North Country Association | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende NewSowitecAWS Ocean EnergyAdirondack North Country

136

DESIGNATED COUNTRIES (10/07/2008) This list of "Designated Countries" is a compilation of countries with which the United States has no diplomatic relations,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X ** TH Thailand X TW Taiwan X TC United Arab Emirates X VE Venezuela X VM Vietnam X YM Yemen X X ZI with which the United States has no diplomatic relations, countries determined by Department of State to support terrorism, countries under Sanction or Embargo by the United States and countries of Missile

Waliser, Duane E.

137

Clark County- Energy Conservation Code  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In September 2010, Clark County adopted Ordinance 3897, implementing the Southern Nevada version of the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code for both residential and commercial buildings...

138

Nonbinary Codeword Stabilized Quantum Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The codeword stabilized (CWS) quantum codes formalism presents a unifying approach to both additive and nonadditive quantum error-correcting codes (arXiv:0708.1021 [quant-ph]), but only for binary states. Here we generalize the CWS framework to the nonbinary case (of both prime and nonprime dimension) and map the search for nonbinary quantum codes to a corresponding search problem for classical nonbinary codes with specific error patterns. We show that while the additivity properties of nonbinary CWS codes are similar to the binary case, the structural properties of the nonbinary codes differ substantially from the binary case, even for prime dimensions. In particular, we identify specific structure patterns of stabilizer groups, based on which efficient constructions might be possible for codes that encode more dimensions than any stabilizer codes of the same length and distance; similar methods cannot be applied in the binary case. Understanding of these structural properties can help prune the search space and facilitate the identification of good nonbinary CWS codes.

Xie Chen; Bei Zeng; Isaac L. Chuang

2008-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

139

Marin County- Solar Access Code  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Marin County's Energy Conservation Code is designed to assure new subdivisions provide for future passive or natural heating or cooling opportunities in the subdivision to the extent feasible. ...

140

Quantum Quasi-Cyclic LDPC Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, a construction of a pair of "regular" quasi-cyclic LDPC codes as ingredient codes for a quantum error-correcting code is proposed. That is, we find quantum regular LDPC codes with various weight distributions. Furthermore our proposed codes have lots of variations for length, code rate. These codes are obtained by a descrete mathematical characterization for model matrices of quasi-cyclic LDPC codes. Our proposed codes achieve a bounded distance decoding (BDD) bound, or known as VG bound, and achieve a lower bound of the code length.

Manabu Hagiwara; Hideki Imai

2010-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "invalid country code" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Super Special Codes using Super Matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The new classes of super special codes are constructed in this book using the specially constructed super special vector spaces. These codes mainly use the super matrices. These codes can be realized as a special type of concatenated codes. This book has four chapters. In chapter one basic properties of codes and super matrices are given. A new type of super special vector space is constructed in chapter two of this book. Three new classes of super special codes namely, super special row code, super special column code and super special codes are introduced in chapter three. Applications of these codes are given in the final chapter.

W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache; K. Ilanthenral

2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

142

On the logical operators of quantum codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I show how applying a symplectic Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization to the normalizer of a quantum code gives a different way of determining the code's logical operators. This approach may be more natural in the setting where we produce a quantum code from classical codes because the generator matrices of the classical codes form the normalizer of the resulting quantum code. This technique is particularly useful in determining the logical operators of an entanglement-assisted code produced from two classical binary codes or from one classical quaternary code. Finally, this approach gives additional formulas for computing the amount of entanglement that an entanglement-assisted code requires.

Mark M. Wilde

2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

143

Rate-Adaptive Codes for Distributed Source Coding David Varodayan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S with respect to a channel code C. Upon receipt of the syndrome, the distributed source decoder can narrow down- proach with their DISCUS framework [7]. The distributed source encoder compresses X into its syndrome is an at- tractive solution. The encoder transmits a short syndrome based on an aggressive code

Girod, Bernd

144

FOUNDATION REVENUE OBJECT CODES LSU Foundation Revenue Object Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOUNDATION REVENUE OBJECT CODES 4 page 1 LSU Foundation Revenue Object Codes 0F00 Foundation - Balance Forward 0F01 Foundation - Other Contributions 0F02 Foundation - State of Louisiana 0F03 Foundation - Corporate Contributions 0F04 Foundation - Corporate Match Contributions 0F05 Foundation - Individual

Harms, Kyle E.

145

Non-Residential Energy Code National and Regional Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-Residential Energy Code Comparison National and Regional Codes David Baylon Mike Kennedy #12 2003 · ASHRAE 90.1 2001 & addenda · E-Benchmark Guidelines (NBI) #12;Approach · Comparison of the State;Approach (cont.) · Provisions compared ­ Lighting power ­ Lighting controls ­ Mechanical systems ­ Building

146

Building and Facility Codes Code Building Location Bldg # Coordinates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building and Facility Codes Code Building Location Bldg # Coordinates APM Applied Physics & Mathematics Building Muir 249 F7 ASANT Asante Hall Eleanor Roosevelt 446 F5 BIO Biology Building Muir 259 F7 BIRCH Birch Aquarium SIO 2300 S-D7 BONN Bonner Hall Revelle 131 G8 BSB Biomedical Sciences Building

Russell, Lynn

147

Space time coded code division multiplexing on SC140 DSP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aim of this research is to design a high data rate wireless communication system for multi-path fading channels. Code-division multiplexing is proposed as a modulation scheme for a space-time coded multiple antenna system that would guarantee...

Menon, Murali P

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

LFSC - Linac Feedback Simulation Code  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The computer program LFSC (Code>) is a numerical tool for simulation beam based feedback in high performance linacs. The code LFSC is based on the earlier version developed by a collective of authors at SLAC (L.Hendrickson, R. McEwen, T. Himel, H. Shoaee, S. Shah, P. Emma, P. Schultz) during 1990-2005. That code was successively used in simulation of SLC, TESLA, CLIC and NLC projects. It can simulate as pulse-to-pulse feedback on timescale corresponding to 5-100 Hz, as slower feedbacks, operating in the 0.1-1 Hz range in the Main Linac and Beam Delivery System. The code LFSC is running under Matlab for MS Windows operating system. It contains about 30,000 lines of source code in more than 260 subroutines. The code uses the LIAR ('Linear Accelerator Research code') for particle tracking under ground motion and technical noise perturbations. It uses the Guinea Pig code to simulate the luminosity performance. A set of input files includes the lattice description (XSIF format), and plane text files with numerical parameters, wake fields, ground motion data etc. The Matlab environment provides a flexible system for graphical output.

Ivanov, Valentin; /Fermilab

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Secure Symmetrical Multilevel Diversity Coding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Secure symmetrical multilevel diversity coding (S-SMDC) is a source coding problem, where a total of L - N discrete memoryless sources (S1,...,S_L-N) are to be encoded by a total of L encoders. This thesis considers a natural generalization of SMDC...

Li, Shuo

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

150

Stabilizer Codes over Frobenius Rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

now, the methods for quantum error correction were mainly based on quantum codes that rely on the arithmetic in finite fields. In contrast, this thesis aims to develop a basic framework for quantum error correcting codes over a class of rings known...

Nadella, Sushma

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

151

CODE OF PRACTICE HYDROGEN SULFIDE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CODE OF PRACTICE HYDROGEN SULFIDE 1 The following generic Code of Practice applies to all work areas within the University of Alberta that use hydrogen sulfide gas. It outlines responsibilities, safe procedure requirements. All work areas where hydrogen sulfide is used within the University of Alberta must

Machel, Hans

152

CODE OF PRACTICE HYDROGEN SULFIDE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CODE OF PRACTICE HYDROGEN SULFIDE Rev January 2013 1 The following generic Code of Practice applies to all work areas within the University of Alberta that use hydrogen sulfide gas or where hydrogen response procedure requirements. All work areas where hydrogen sulfide is used or may be present within

Machel, Hans

153

Clean Energy Producing and Exporting Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract KOUROS ATIGHETCHI BSc, MBA,PhD Student School of Business and Management , Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex UB8 3PH, UK atighetchi@gmail.com This paper presents a theoretical discussion of policy making in the energy... with it implications. ESL-IE-07-05-29 Proceedings from the Twenty-ninth Industrial Energy Technology Conference, New Orleans, LA, May 8-11, 2007. Finally, this model will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi...

Atighetchi, K.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Property:Project Country | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExploration Jump to:FieldProceduresFY Description Property Name Project Country

155

Weight Distribution of a Class of Binary Linear Block Codes Formed from RCPC Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

formed from convolutional codes,” IEEE Trans. Commun. , vol.terminated convolutional codes,” IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory,decoding of linear block codes and related soft- decision

Shen, Yushi Dr.; Cosman, Pamela C; Milstein, Laurence B

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Introduction Space Time Codes Space Time Coding with Feedback New Thoughts Summary Space-Time Coding for Multi-Antenna  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction Space Time Codes Space Time Coding with Feedback New Thoughts Summary Space 2007 #12;Introduction Space Time Codes Space Time Coding with Feedback New Thoughts Summary MIMO: Diversity vs Multiplexing Multiplexing Diversity Pictures taken from lectures notes on Space Time Coding

Veeravalli, Venugopal

157

Entanglement boosts quantum turbo codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the unexpected breakdowns in the existing theory of quantum serial turbo coding is that a quantum convolutional encoder cannot simultaneously be recursive and non-catastrophic. These properties are essential for a quantum turbo code to have an unbounded minimum distance and for its iterative decoding algorithm to converge, respectively. Here, we show that the entanglement-assisted paradigm gives a theoretical and practical "turbo boost" to these codes, in the sense that an entanglement-assisted quantum (EAQ) convolutional encoder can possess both of the aforementioned desirable properties, and simulation results indicate that entanglement-assisted turbo codes can operate reliably in a noise regime 5.5 dB beyond that of standard quantum turbo codes. Entanglement is the resource that enables a convolutional encoder to satisfy both properties because an encoder acting on only information qubits, classical bits, gauge qubits, and ancilla qubits cannot simultaneously satisfy them. We give several examples o...

Wilde, Mark M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Remarkable Degenerate Quantum Stabilizer Codes Derived from Duadic Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Good quantum codes, such as quantum MDS codes, are typically nondegenerate, meaning that errors of small weight require active error-correction, which is--paradoxically--itself prone to errors. Decoherence free subspaces, on the other hand, do not require active error correction, but perform poorly in terms of minimum distance. In this paper, examples of degenerate quantum codes are constructed that have better minimum distance than decoherence free subspaces and allow some errors of small weight that do not require active error correction. In particular, two new families of [[n,1,>= sqrt(n)

Salah A. Aly; Andreas Klappenecker; Pradeep Kiran Sarvepalli

2006-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

159

On Quantum and Classical BCH Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Classical BCH codes that contain their (Euclidean or Hermitian) dual codes can be used to construct quantum stabilizer codes; this correspondence studies the properties of such codes. It is shown that a BCH code of length n can contain its dual code only if its designed distance d=O(sqrt(n)), and the converse is proved in the case of narrow-sense codes. Furthermore, the dimension of narrow-sense BCH codes with small design distance is completely determined, and - consequently - the bounds on their minimum distance are improved. These results make it possible to determine the parameters of quantum BCH codes in terms of their design parameters.

Salah A. Aly; Andreas Klappenecker; Pradeep Kiran Sarvepalli

2006-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

160

San Francisco Building Code Amendments to the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Green Building Standards Code 2010 California Residential Code Operative date: January 1, 2011 #12;2 #121 2010 San Francisco Building Code Amendments to the 2010 California Building Code 2010 California;3 CHAPTER 1 SCOPE AND ADMINISTRATION DIVISION I CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATION No San Francisco Building Code

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "invalid country code" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Electricity reform in Chile : lessons for developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chile was the first country in the world to implement a comprehensive reform of its electricity sector in the recent period. Among developing countries only Argentina has had a comparably comprehensive and successful reform. ...

Pollitt, Michael G.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Electricity Reform in Argentina: Lessons for Developing Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Argentina was one of the first countries in the world to implement a comprehensivereform of its electricity sector in the recent period. Among developing countries onlyChile has had a comparably comprehensive and successful reform. This paper traces...

Pollitt, Michael G.

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

163

MICHIGAN TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY ARCHIVES COPPER COUNTRY HISTORICAL COLLECTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MICHIGAN TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY ARCHIVES AND COPPER COUNTRY HISTORICAL COLLECTION GENEALOGICAL & Copper Country Historical Collection J. Robert Van Pelt Library Michigan Technological University local high schools and Michigan Technological University, centennial books, and local history titles

164

Trade in waste among developed countries : evidence and origins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we examine the determinants of the international trade in waste between developed countries. Data from the 1980s suggest that while the trade in waste between developed and less developed countries has ...

Bernard, Andrew B.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Building technological capability within satellite programs in developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global participation in space activity is growing as satellite technology matures and spreads. Countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America are creating or reinvigorating national satellite programs. These countries are ...

Wood, Danielle Renee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

PROGRESS IN RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION - A MULTI COUNTRY PERSPECTIVE -  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conference, "New Energy Conservation Technologies", Berlin,IN RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION - A MULTI COUNTRYIN RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION - A MULTI COUNTRY

Schipper, Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Initial Evaluation of CDM-type Projects in Developing Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Development (DFID) for the benefit of developing countries. The views expressed are not necessarily those of the DFID.

Dr K. G; Begg Centre; Environmental Strategy

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Starting your career in Russia Country Guide for International Students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Starting your career in Russia Country Guide for International Students #12;Country profile Main country, Russia. You stand at the beginning of an exciting career, but what are the steps you need to take provides you with practical advice about returning to work in Russia, to help you make a successful start

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

169

Coal prospects and policies in IEA countries, 1983 review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This book reviews coal policies and prospects in IEA countries and major non-IEA coal exporting countries. It also considers demand, production, infrastructure, prices, and environment issues. The review also suggests ways to promote demand for coal as a way of improving energy security in IEA countries.

Not Available

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

IEA Bioenergy task 40 Country report for the Netherlands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 IEA Bioenergy task 40 ­ Country report for the Netherlands Update 2006 Martin Junginger Marc de-energy trade #12;IEA Bioenergy task 40 Country report for the Netherlands ­update 2006 i IEA Bioenergy Task 40 ­ Country report for the Netherlands Update 2006 Martin Junginger Marc de Wit André Faaij This study

171

Example of Environmental Restoration Code of Accounts  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This chapter describes the fundamental structure of an example remediation cost code system, lists and describes the Level 1 cost codes, and lists the Level 2 and Level 3 cost codes.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

172

DEPARTMENT CODE Department of Computer Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEPARTMENT CODE Department of Computer Science College of Natural Sciences Colorado State and Amendment of this Code 19 #12;1 MISSION AND OBJECTIVES 3 Preamble This Code of the Department of Computer

173

Arkansas Underground Injection Control Code (Arkansas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Arkansas Underground Injection Control Code (UIC code) is adopted pursuant to the provisions of the Arkansas Water and Air Pollution Control Act (Arkansas Code Annotated 8-5-11). It is the...

174

Entanglement-assisted codeword stabilized quantum codes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Entangled qubits can increase the capacity of quantum error-correcting codes based on stabilizer codes. In addition, by using entanglement quantum stabilizer codes can be construct from classical linear codes that do not satisfy the dual-containing constraint. We show that it is possible to construct both additive and nonadditive quantum codes using the codeword stabilized quantum code framework. Nonadditive codes may offer improved performance over the more common stabilizer codes. Like other entanglement-assisted codes, the encoding procedure acts only on the qubits on Alice's side, and only these qubits are assumed to pass through the channel. However, errors in the codeword stabilized quantum code framework give rise to effective Z errors on Bob's side. We use this scheme to construct entanglement-assisted nonadditive quantum codes, in particular, ((5,16,2;1)) and ((7,4,5;4)) codes.

Shin, Jeonghwan; Heo, Jun; Brun, Todd A. [School of Electrical Engineering, Korea University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Communication Sciences Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089 (United States)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

175

Entanglement-assisted codeword stabilized quantum codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Entangled qubit can increase the capacity of quantum error correcting codes based on stabilizer codes. In addition, by using entanglement quantum stabilizer codes can be construct from classical linear codes that do not satisfy the dual-containing constraint. We show that it is possible to construct both additive and non-additive quantum codes using the codeword stabilized quantum code framework. Nonadditive codes may offer improved performance over the more common sta- bilizer codes. Like other entanglement-assisted codes, the encoding procedure acts only the qubits on Alice's side, and only these qubits are assumed to pass through the channel. However, errors the codeword stabilized quantum code framework gives rise to effective Z errors on Bob side. We use this scheme to construct new entanglement-assisted non-additive quantum codes, in particular, ((5,16,2;1)) and ((7,4,5;4)) codes.

Jeonghwan Shin; Jun Heo; Todd A. Brun

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

176

STDS91.COD: Grief and Mourning Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conflict 2000 Age of Marriage, Females (code book variable87) N Code NA Meaning Missing data Scores range from 8.2 toGRIEF AND MOURNING CODES Paul C. Rosenblatt Department of

Rosenblatt, Paul C.; Walsh, R. Patricia; Jackson, Douglas A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

LDPC codes : structural analysis and decoding techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Low-Density Parity-Check Codes 2.1 Representation of LDPC4.2 Error Floors of LDPC Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .LP Decoding of LDPC Codes with Alternating Direction Method

Zhang, Xiaojie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Codes for the fast SSS QR eigens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fortran 90 codes (zip file); Matlab codes (zip file). Please email. A fast O(n^2) time QR eigensolver for companion matrices/polynomials. Fortran 90 codes (zip ...

179

Graphical models for coding and computation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

n, k, d ) linear code over F q , with generator matrix G andrepresents the generator matrix of a random linear code. Asrepresents the generator matrix of a random linear code. As

Santhi, Nandakishore

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Problems with packaged sources in foreign countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's (GTRI) Off-Site Source Recovery Project (OSRP), which is administered by the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), removes excess, unwanted, abandoned, or orphan radioactive sealed sources that pose a potential threat to national security, public health, and safety. In total, GTRI/OSRP has been able to recover more than 25,000 excess and unwanted sealed sources from over 825 sites. In addition to transuranic sources, the GTRI/OSRP mission now includes recovery of beta/gamma emitting sources, which are of concern to both the U.S. government and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). This paper provides a synopsis of cooperative efforts in foreign countries to remove excess and unwanted sealed sources by discussing three topical areas: (1) The Regional Partnership with the International Atomic Energy Agency; (2) Challenges in repatriating sealed sources; and (3) Options for repatriating sealed sources.

Abeyta, Cristy L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Matzke, James L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zarling, John [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tompkin, J. Andrew [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "invalid country code" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Budget/Object Codes -REVENUE Budget/Object Codes -REVENUE BUDGET/OBJECT BUDGET/OBJECT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Budget/Object Codes -REVENUE Budget/Object Codes - REVENUE BUDGET/OBJECT BUDGET/OBJECT BUDGET CODE DESCRIPTION BUDGET CODE DESCRIPTION 01 30 0101 On-Campus-Full Time 3001 Federal Program 0102 On APPROPRIATIONS #12;Budget/Object Codes -REVENUE Budget/Object Codes - REVENUE BUDGET/OBJECT BUDGET/OBJECT BUDGET

Selmic, Sandra

182

Codeword Stabilized Quantum Codes and Their Error Correction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5.1.4 Generic CWS codes . . . . . . . . . . .USt codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Quantum Codes 2.1 Notations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2

Li, Yunfan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Algebraic list-decoding of error-correcting codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solomon codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.2 Guruswami-Simple trivariate codes and theirdecoding . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.1 Code parameters and

Parvaresh, Farzad

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Gas Code of Conduct (Connecticut)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Gas Code of Conduct sets forth the standard of conduct for transactions, direct or indirect, between gas companies and their affiliates. The purpose of these regulations is to promote...

185

NFPA's Hydrogen Technologies Code Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article discusses the development of National Fire Protection Association 2 (NFPA), a comprehensive hydrogen safety code. It analyses the contents of this document with particular attention focused on new requirements for setting hydrogen storage systems. These new requirements use computational fluid dynamic modeling and risk assessment procedures to develop requirements that are based on both technical analyses and defined risk criteria. The intent is to develop requirements based on procedures that can be replicated based on the information provided in the code document. This code will require documentation of the modeling inputs and risk criteria and analyses in the supporting information. This article also includes a description of the codes and standards that address hydrogen technologies in general.

Rivkin, C. H.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Commercial Building Codes and Standards  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Once an energy-efficient technology or practice is widely available in the market, it can become the baseline of performance through building energy codes and equipment standards. The Building...

187

Optimization of the CMDFT Code  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report outlines the optimization of the CMDFT code by Xiaoguang Zhang during June-July 2006. The overall improvement in speed is nearly 40%. Possible further optimizatins are also discussed.

Zhang, Xiaoguang [ORNL; Kent, P. R. C. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Montana Coal Mining Code (Montana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Department of Labor and Industry is authorized to adopt rules pertaining to safety standards for all coal mines in the state. The Code requires coal mine operators to make an accurate map or...

189

Edge equilibrium code for tokamaks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The edge equilibrium code (EEC) described in this paper is developed for simulations of the near edge plasma using the finite element method. It solves the Grad-Shafranov equation in toroidal coordinate and uses adaptive grids aligned with magnetic field lines. Hermite finite elements are chosen for the numerical scheme. A fast Newton scheme which is the same as implemented in the equilibrium and stability code (ESC) is applied here to adjust the grids.

Li, Xujing [Institute of Computational Mathematics and Scientific/Engineering Computing, Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2719, Beijing 100190 (China)] [Institute of Computational Mathematics and Scientific/Engineering Computing, Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2719, Beijing 100190 (China); Zakharov, Leonid E. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Princeton, MS-27 P.O. Box 451, New Jersey (United States)] [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Princeton, MS-27 P.O. Box 451, New Jersey (United States); Drozdov, Vladimir V. [Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom)] [Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

190

Rotationally invariant multilevel block codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ROTATIONALLY INVARIANT MULTILEVEL BLOCK CODES A Thesis by ANITA KULANDAIVELU Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AfjrM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1993... Major Subject: Electrical Engineering ROTATIONALLY INVARIANT MULTILEVEL BLOCK CODES A Thesis by ANITA KULANDAIVELU Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved...

Kulandaivelu, Anita

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Quantum stabilizer codes and beyond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

QUANTUM STABILIZER CODES AND BEYOND A Dissertation by PRADEEP KIRAN SARVEPALLI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2008 Major... Subject: Computer Science QUANTUM STABILIZER CODES AND BEYOND A Dissertation by PRADEEP KIRAN SARVEPALLI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY...

Sarvepalli, Pradeep Kiran

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

192

Program School/ Career: Descripton ISIS Program Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Program School/ Career: Descripton ISIS Program Codes Program Career: Descripton College School;Program School/ Career: Descripton ISIS Program Codes Program Career: Descripton College School/ College 1

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

193

Building Energy Codes Collaborative Technical Assistance for...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance's Building Energy Codes Project Reducing Energy Demand in Buildings Through State Energy Codes...

194

Graphical Quantum Error-Correcting Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a purely graph-theoretical object, namely the coding clique, to construct quantum errorcorrecting codes. Almost all quantum codes constructed so far are stabilizer (additive) codes and the construction of nonadditive codes, which are potentially more efficient, is not as well understood as that of stabilizer codes. Our graphical approach provides a unified and classical way to construct both stabilizer and nonadditive codes. In particular we have explicitly constructed the optimal ((10,24,3)) code and a family of 1-error detecting nonadditive codes with the highest encoding rate so far. In the case of stabilizer codes a thorough search becomes tangible and we have classified all the extremal stabilizer codes up to 8 qubits.

Sixia Yu; Qing Chen; C. H. Oh

2007-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

195

Codeword stabilized quantum codes on subsystems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Codeword stabilized quantum codes provide a unified approach to constructing quantum error-correcting codes, including both additive and non-additive quantum codes. Standard codeword stabilized quantum codes encode quantum information into subspaces. The more general notion of encoding quantum information into a subsystem is known as an operator (or subsystem) quantum error correcting code. Most operator codes studied to date are based in the usual stabilizer formalism. We introduce operator quantum codes based on the codeword stabilized quantum code framework. Based on the necessary and sufficient conditions for operator quantum error correction, we derive a error correction condition for operator codeword stabilized quantum codes. Based on this condition, the word operators of a operator codeword stabilized quantum code are constructed from a set of classical binary errors induced by generators of the gauge group. We use this scheme to construct examples of both additive and non-additive codes that encode quantum information into a subsystem.

Jeonghwan Shin; Jun Heo; Todd A. Brun

2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

196

Radioactive waste management approaches for developed countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear power has demonstrated over the last 30 years its capacity to produce base-load electricity at a low, predictable and stable cost due to the very low economic dependence on the price of uranium. However the management of used nuclear fuel remains the “Achilles’ Heel” of this energy source since the storage of used nuclear fuel is increasing as evidenced by the following number with 2,000 tons of UNF produced each year by the 104 US nuclear reactor units which equates to a total of 62,000 spent fuel assemblies stored in dry cask and 88,000 stored in pools. Two options adopted by several countries will be presented. The first one adopted by Europe, Japan and Russia consists of recycling the used nuclear fuel after irradiation in a nuclear reactor. Ninety six percent of uranium and plutonium contained in the spent fuel could be reused to produce electricity and are worth recycling. The separation of uranium and plutonium from the wastes is realized through the industrial PUREX process so that they can be recycled for re-use in a nuclear reactor as a mixed oxide (MOX) fuel. The second option undertaken by Finland, Sweden and the United States implies the direct disposal of used nuclear fuel into a geologic formation. One has to remind that only 30% of the worldwide used nuclear fuel are currently recycled, the larger part being stored (70% in pool) waiting for scientific or political decisions. A third option is emerging with a closed fuel cycle which will improve the global sustainability of nuclear energy. This option will not only decrease the volume amount of nuclear waste but also the long-term radiotoxicity of the final waste, as well as improving the long-term safety and the heat-loading of the final repository. At the present time, numerous countries are focusing on the R&D recycling activities of the ultimate waste composed of fission products and minor actinides (americium and curium). Several new chemical extraction processes, such as TRUSPEAK, ALSEP, EXAM, or LUCA are pursued worldwide and their approaches will be highlighted.

Patricia Paviet-Hartmann; Anthony Hechanova; Catherine Riddle

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Energy Consumption of Minimum Energy Coding in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Consumption of Minimum Energy Coding in CDMA Wireless Sensor Networks Benigno Zurita Ares://www.ee.kth.se/control Abstract. A theoretical framework is proposed for accurate perfor- mance analysis of minimum energy coding energy consumption is analyzed for two coding schemes proposed in the literature: Minimum Energy coding

Johansson, Karl Henrik

198

Presented by Campus Services Object Code Classifications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Decrease expense from the wrong object code (From) Example: Expensed a service contract that covered 12

Stephens, Graeme L.

199

Michigan Technological University_010114 R 10/25/13 Group Number: 71571 Package Code(s): 040 045 Section Code(s): 4000 4200  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Section Code(s): 4000 4200 PPO - HuskyCare HDHP Benefits-at-a-Glance Michigan Technological University In% after deductible Maternity Services Provided by a Physician Prenatal and Postnatal Care Visits CoveredMichigan Technological University_010114 R 10/25/13 Group Number: 71571 Package Code(s): 040 045

200

A simple family of nonadditive quantum codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Most known quantum codes are additive, meaning the codespace can be described as the simultaneous eigenspace of an abelian subgroup of the Pauli group. While in some scenarios such codes are strictly suboptimal, very little is understood about how to construct nonadditive codes with good performance. Here we present a family of nonadditive quantum codes for all odd blocklengths, n, that has a particularly simple form. Our codes correct single qubit erasures while encoding a higher dimensional space than is possible with an additive code or, for n of 11 or greater, any previous codes.

John A. Smolin; Graeme Smith; Stephanie Wehner

2007-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "invalid country code" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Agency, Energy Policies of IEA Countries, Japan 1999Energy Agency, Energy Policies of IEA Countries, Germanyfrom IEA’s Energy Policies of IEA Countries Japan 1999

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Agency, Energy Policies of IEA Countries, Japan 1999Energy Agency, Energy Policies of IEA Countries, Germanyfrom IEA’s Energy Policies of IEA Countries Japan 1999

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Global Climate Change, Developing Countries and Transport Sector Options in South Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Global Climate Change: Developing Countries and Transporton Global Climate Change: Developing Countries and Transporton Global Climate Change: Developing Countries and Transport

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Parallization of Stellar Atmosphere Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parallel computing has turned out to be the enabling technology to solve complex physical systems. However, the transition from shared memory, vector computers to massively parallel, distributed memory systems and, recently, to hybrid systems poses new challenges to the scientist. We want to present a cook-book (with a very strong, personal bias) based on our experience with parallization of our existing codes. Some of the general tools and communication libraries are discussed. Our approach includes a mixture of algorithm, domain and physical module based parallization. The advantages, scalability and limitations of each are discussed at some examples. We want show that it becomes easier to write parallel code with increasing complexity of the physical problem making stellar atmosphere codes beyond the classical assumptions very suitable.

P. Hoeflich

2002-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

205

ASME Code Efforts Supporting HTGRs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1999, an international collaborative initiative for the development of advanced (Generation IV) reactors was started. The idea behind this effort was to bring nuclear energy closer to the needs of sustainability, to increase proliferation resistance, and to support concepts able to produce energy (both electricity and process heat) at competitive costs. The U.S. Department of Energy has supported this effort by pursuing the development of the Next Generation Nuclear Plant, a high temperature gas-cooled reactor. This support has included research and development of pertinent data, initial regulatory discussions, and engineering support of various codes and standards development. This report discusses the various applicable American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) codes and standards that are being developed to support these high temperature gascooled reactors during construction and operation. ASME is aggressively pursuing these codes and standards to support an international effort to build the next generation of advanced reactors so that all can benefit.

D.K. Morton

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

ASME Code Efforts Supporting HTGRs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1999, an international collaborative initiative for the development of advanced (Generation IV) reactors was started. The idea behind this effort was to bring nuclear energy closer to the needs of sustainability, to increase proliferation resistance, and to support concepts able to produce energy (both electricity and process heat) at competitive costs. The U.S. Department of Energy has supported this effort by pursuing the development of the Next Generation Nuclear Plant, a high temperature gas-cooled reactor. This support has included research and development of pertinent data, initial regulatory discussions, and engineering support of various codes and standards development. This report discusses the various applicable American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) codes and standards that are being developed to support these high temperature gascooled reactors during construction and operation. ASME is aggressively pursuing these codes and standards to support an international effort to build the next generation of advanced reactors so that all can benefit.

D.K. Morton

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Biofuel Feedstock Assessment For Selected Countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Findings from biofuel feedstock production assessments and projections of future supply are presented and discussed. The report aims to improve capabilities to assess the degree to which imported biofuel could contribute to meeting future U.S. targets to reduce dependence on imported oil. The study scope was focused to meet time and resource requirements. A screening process identified Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, India, Mexico, and the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) region for initial analysis, given their likely role in future feedstock supply relevant to U.S. markets. Supply curves for selected feedstocks in these countries are projected for 2012, 2017 and 2027. The supply functions, along with calculations to reflect estimated supplies available for export and/or biofuel production, were provided to DOE for use in a broader energy market allocation study. Potential cellulosic supplies from crop and forestry residues and perennials were also estimated for 2017 and 2027. The analysis identified capacity to potentially double or triple feedstock production by 2017 in some cases. A majority of supply growth is derived from increasing the area cultivated (especially sugarcane in Brazil). This is supplemented by improving yields and farming practices. Most future supplies of corn and wheat are projected to be allocated to food and feed. Larger shares of future supplies of sugarcane, soybean and palm oil production will be available for export or biofuel. National policies are catalyzing investments in biofuel industries to meet targets for fuel blending that generally fall in the 5-10% range. Social and environmental concerns associated with rapid expansion of feedstock production are considered. If the 2017 projected feedstock supply calculated as 'available' for export or biofuel were converted to fuel, it would represent the equivalent of about 38 billion gallons of gasoline. Sugarcane and bagasse dominate the available supply, representing 64% of the total. Among the nations studied, Brazil is the source of about two-thirds of available supplies, followed distantly by Argentina (12%), India and the CBI region.

Kline, Keith L [ORNL; Oladosu, Gbadebo A [ORNL; Wolfe, Amy K [ORNL; Perlack, Robert D [ORNL; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Biofuel Feedstock Assessment for Selected Countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Findings from biofuel feedstock production assessments and projections of future supply are presented and discussed. The report aims to improve capabilities to assess the degree to which imported biofuel could contribute to meeting future U.S. targets to reduce dependence on imported oil. The study scope was focused to meet time and resource requirements. A screening process identified Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, India, Mexico, and the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) region for initial analysis, given their likely role in future feedstock supply relevant to U.S. markets. Supply curves for selected feedstocks in these countries are projected for 2012, 2017 and 2027. The supply functions, along with calculations to reflect estimated supplies available for export and/or biofuel production, were provided to DOE for use in a broader energy market allocation study. Potential cellulosic supplies from crop and forestry residues and perennials were also estimated for 2017 and 2027. The analysis identified capacity to potentially double or triple feedstock production by 2017 in some cases. A majority of supply growth is derived from increasing the area cultivated (especially sugarcane in Brazil). This is supplemented by improving yields and farming practices. Most future supplies of corn and wheat are projected to be allocated to food and feed. Larger shares of future supplies of sugarcane, soybean and palm oil production will be available for export or biofuel. National policies are catalyzing investments in biofuel industries to meet targets for fuel blending that generally fall in the 5-10% range. Social and environmental concerns associated with rapid expansion of feedstock production are considered. If the 2017 projected feedstock supply calculated as ‘available’ for export or biofuel were converted to fuel, it would represent the equivalent of about 38 billion gallons of gasoline. Sugarcane and bagasse dominate the available supply, representing 64% of the total. Among the nations studied, Brazil is the source of about two-thirds of available supplies, followed distantly by Argentina (12%), India and the CBI region.

Kline, K.L.; Oladosu, G.A.; Wolfe, A.K.; Perlack, R.D.; Dale, V.H.

2008-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

209

THE GOVERNANCE OF CODE: CODE AS GOVERNANCE Serena Syme[1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the creation of information property. The establishment of a market involves the development of a bundle of rights that both create property and define the rules under which property-based transactions might occur, proprietary licenses, and the Uniform Computer Information Transactions Act (UCITA). The open code licenses

Camp, L. Jean

210

Validation issues for SSI codes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper describes the results of a recent work which was performed to verify computer code predictions in the SSI area. The first part of the paper is concerned with analytic solutions of the system response. The mathematical derivations are reasonably reduced by the use of relatively simple models which capture fundamental ingredients of the physics of the system motion while allowing for the response to be obtained analytically. Having established explicit forms of the system response, numerical solutions from three computer codes are presented in comparative format.

Philippacopoulos, A.J.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance and investment perspectives Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing...

212

DOE Announces Webinars on Climate Change Impacts and Indian Country...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

April 24: Live Webinar on Climate Change Impacts and Indian Country: Natural Resources and Agriculture Webinar Webinar Sponsors: White House Office of Public Engagement, White...

213

DOE Announces Webinars on Climate Change Impacts and Indian Country...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Impacts and Indian Country: Built Systems and Other Infrastructure Webinar sponsors: White House Office of Public Engagement, White House Council on Environmental Quality, and...

214

Country report on advertising and promotion bans - Croatia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Country report on advertising and promotion bans – Croatiaand promotion bans – Croatia Dr Vlasta Hrabak-Zerbajicbeen grown and consumed in Croatia. In the last century the

Hrabak-Zerbajic, Dr. Vlasta

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Finacial liberalisation and sustainable economic growth in ECOWAS countries .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The thesis examines the comprehensive relationship between all aspects of financial liberalisation and economic growth in three countries from the Economic Community of West African… (more)

Owusu, Erasmus Labri

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

EUCI Tribal and Indian Country Energy Development: Collaborating...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

The conference will focus on the fundamental concepts on how to network and collaborate in renewable energy such as solar, wind, biomass, and natural gas in Indian Country...

217

Profitable Biodiesel Potential from Increased Agricultural Yields Country Name  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Profitable Biodiesel Potential from Increased Agricultural Yields Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume (liters) Total Export Profits ($) HDI Rank GDP/ cap Corrupt Rank FDI

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

218

Turbo Codes are Low Density Parity Check Codes David J. C. MacKay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Turbo Codes are Low Density Parity Check Codes David J. C. MacKay July 8, 1998--- Draft 0.2, not for distribution! (First draft written July 5, 1998) Abstract Turbo codes and Gallager codes (also known as low note that the parity check matrix of a Turbo code can be written as low density parity check matrix

MacKay, David J.C.

219

IEEE VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE SPRING, 2003 1 Space-Time Block Coding applied to Turbo Coded  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE SPRING, 2003 1 Space-Time Block Coding applied to Turbo Coded and a Turbo Code (TC) as channel code. MC-CDMA is likely to be one of the most promising access technique. Then, since Turbo Coded MC-CDMA was demonstrated to be very efficient for a Single Input Single Output

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

220

Potential Job Creation in Minnesota as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "invalid country code" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Potential Job Creation in Nevada as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Potential Job Creation in Tennessee as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Potential Job Creation in Rhode Island as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

PAYMENT VOUCHER Vendor Code: L#  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PAYMENT VOUCHER Vendor Code: L# Vendor Name: Person Picking Up Check* Addrl: Mail Stop AddR: Check#/ DESCRIPTION(20) HumanSbjt Payments ORGN (4) 0000 OBJECT(2) 30 VENDOR INVOICE# (11) AMOUNT 100.00 SUB-OBJECT(2

Hemmers, Oliver

225

Project Juno Code of Practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Juno Code of Practice Institute of Physics Advancing women's careers in physics higher: Appointment, promotion and selection processes and procedures that encourage men and women to apply for academic posts at all levels. 2.1 Transparent processes and procedures 2.1.1 Ensure that selection criteria

Davies, Christopher

226

WESTERN MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY STUDENT CODE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WESTERN MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY STUDENT CODE Approved by The Western Michigan University Board Michigan University Kalamazoo, MI 49008 Effective August 2008 #12;A UNIVERSITY COMMUNITY IS... ...a for the Advancement of Teaching; Ernest L. Boyer (frwd.); Princeton, New Jersey; 1990 #12;WESTERN MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY

de Doncker, Elise

227

Free Energy Code Online Discussion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Free Energy Code Online Discussion for Building Department Personnel Join us for this FREE 90 by California utility customers under the auspices of the California Public Utilities Commission and in support -- availability subject to enrollment levels: Tuesday, October 1 ­ Click here to register Wednesday, October 2

228

Update Invalid Reservation Points for Transmission Service Requests on BPA  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism inS-4500II Field Emission SEM with EDAX (For3WebinarUpdate onNetwork -

229

Degenerate Quantum Codes for Pauli Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A striking feature of quantum error correcting codes is that they can sometimes be used to correct more errors than they can uniquely identify. Such degenerate codes have long been known, but have remained poorly understood. We provide a heuristic for designing degenerate quantum codes for high noise rates, which is applied to generate codes that can be used to communicate over almost any Pauli channel at rates that are impossible for a nondegenerate code. The gap between nondegenerate and degenerate code performance is quite large, in contrast to the tiny magnitude of the only previous demonstration of this effect. We also identify a channel for which none of our codes outperform the best nondegenerate code and show that it is nevertheless quite unlike any channel for which nondegenerate codes are known to be optimal.

Graeme Smith; John A. Smolin

2006-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

230

Mainstreaming Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Developing...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

developed countries. It also includes case studies of four developing countries-China,Egypt,India,and Mexico-and the state of California in the United States of America. It aims...

231

Code Booster Award-winning research on code optimization explores multicore computing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 2008 Code Booster Award-winning research on code optimization explores multicore computing paper exploring ways to make a popular scientific analysis code run smoothly on different types of multicore computers. SamuelWilliams,aresearcherfromBerkeleyLab'sComputational

Knowles, David William

232

Two-Layer Error Control Codes Combining Rectangular and Hamming Product Codes for Cache Error  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a novel two-layer error control code, combining error detection capability of rectangular codes and error correction capability of Hamming product codes in an efficient way, in order to increase cache error ...

Zhang, Meilin

233

Global Carbon Pricing Among Countries With Different Economic Prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

millions out of poverty. ETH Z¨urich, Centre for Energy Policy and Economics (CEPE), ZUE E1, ZGlobal Carbon Pricing Among Countries With Different Economic Prospects Florian Landis Thomas.cepe.ethz.ch #12;Global Carbon Pricing Among Countries With Different Economic Prospects Florian Landis Thomas

234

Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in OECD countries?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in OECD countries? Angela Luci, Olivier Thévenon 167 2010 #12;2 #12;3 Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in OECD countries.thevenon@ined.fr We examine how far changes in fertility trends are related to ongoing economic development in OECD

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

235

Assessing the Energy Costs of Computing Devices in Developing Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessing the Energy Costs of Computing Devices in Developing Countries K. Gopinath1 and Rahul to power these devices in developing countries. (2) the energy-efficient design of large information@gwu.edu Abstract Competition, technological developments, and economies of scale have together brought down

Simha, Rahul

236

New Technology, Human Capital and Growth for Developing Countries.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Technology, Human Capital and Growth for Developing Countries. Cuong Le Van, Manh-Hung Nguyen country with three sectors in economy: con- sumption goods, new technology, and education. Productivity of the con- sumption goods sector depends on new technology and skilled labor used for production of the new

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

237

Climate Change Uncertainty and Skepticism: A Cross-Country Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Change Uncertainty and Skepticism: A Cross-Country Analysis Skepticism about climate change for other countries. · Skepticism and uncertainty are related but different aspects of climate change perceptions. In the literature, skepticism often relates to whether people believe climate change is happening

Hall, Sharon J.

238

The energy situation in five Central American countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study describes the energy resources and the changes that have taken place in energy supply and demand in five Central American countries between 1970 and 1984. Economic changes are also reviewed because they influence and are affected by changes in the energy sector. The work was performed under the auspices of the US Agency for International Development. The Central American countries of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama are highly dependent on fuel wood as a source of energy, particularly in the residential sector. They also rely upon imported oil products to supply a growing modern sector. Most countries have significant hydroelectric and geothermal resources, and most countries produce a large portion of their electricity from hydroelectric projects. Demand for electricity has grown rapidly. Relative shares of primary versus secondary energy in the five countries vary significantly and strongly correlate with average per capita income. Consumption of secondary energy has declined during the recent economic recession suffered by the region.

Trocki, L.; Booth, S.R.; Umana Q, A.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Radioactive Waste Management in Non-Nuclear Countries - 13070  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper challenges internationally accepted concepts of dissemination of responsibilities between all stakeholders involved in national radioactive waste management infrastructure in the countries without nuclear power program. Mainly it concerns countries classified as class A and potentially B countries according to International Atomic Energy Agency. It will be shown that in such countries long term sustainability of national radioactive waste management infrastructure is very sensitive issue that can be addressed by involving regulatory body in more active way in the infrastructure. In that way countries can mitigate possible consequences on the very sensitive open market of radioactive waste management services, comprised mainly of radioactive waste generators, operators of end-life management facilities and regulatory body. (authors)

Kubelka, Dragan; Trifunovic, Dejan [SORNS, Frankopanska 11, HR-10000 Zagreb (Croatia)] [SORNS, Frankopanska 11, HR-10000 Zagreb (Croatia)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Bounds on Effective Hamiltonians for Stabilizer Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This manuscript introduces various notions of k-locality of stabilizer codes inherited from the associated stabilizer groups. A choice of generators for the group leads to a Hamiltonian with the code in its groundspace, while a Hamiltonian holding the code in its groundspace might be called effective if its locality is less than that of a natural choice of generators (or any choice). This paper establishes some conditions under which effective Hamiltonians for stabilizer codes do not exist. Our results simplify in the cases of Calderbank-Shor-Steane stabilizer codes and topologically-ordered stabilizer codes arising from surface cellulations.

Stephen S. Bullock; Dianne P. O'Leary

2008-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "invalid country code" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Quantum Stabilizer Codes Embedding Qubits Into Qudits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study, by means of the stabilizer formalism, a quantum error correcting code which is alternative to the standard block codes since it embeds a qubit into a qudit. The code exploits the non-commutative geometry of discrete phase space to protect the qubit against both amplitude and phase errors. The performance of such code is evaluated on Weyl channels by means of the entanglement fidelity as function of the error probability. A comparison with standard block codes, like five and seven qubit stabilizer codes, shows its superiority.

Carlo Cafaro; Federico Maiolini; Stefano Mancini

2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

242

Quantifying the Performance of Quantum Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the properties of error correcting codes for noise models in the presence of asymmetries and/or correlations by means of the entanglement fidelity and the code entropy. First, we consider a dephasing Markovian memory channel and characterize the performance of both a repetition code and an error avoiding code in terms of the entanglement fidelity. We also consider the concatenation of such codes and show that it is especially advantageous in the regime of partial correlations. Finally, we characterize the effectiveness of the codes and their concatenation by means of the code entropy and find, in particular, that the effort required for recovering such codes decreases when the error probability decreases and the memory parameter increases. Second, we consider both symmetric and asymmetric depolarizing noisy quantum memory channels and perform quantum error correction via the five qubit stabilizer code. We characterize this code by means of the entanglement fidelity and the code entropy as function of the asymmetric error probabilities and the degree of memory. Specifically, we uncover that while the asymmetry in the depolarizing errors does not affect the entanglement fidelity of the five qubit code, it becomes a relevant feature when the code entropy is used as a performance quantifier.

C. Cafaro; S. L'Innocente; C. Lupo; S. Mancini

2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

243

An implicit Smooth Particle Hydrodynamic code  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An implicit version of the Smooth Particle Hydrodynamic (SPH) code SPHINX has been written and is working. In conjunction with the SPHINX code the new implicit code models fluids and solids under a wide range of conditions. SPH codes are Lagrangian, meshless and use particles to model the fluids and solids. The implicit code makes use of the Krylov iterative techniques for solving large linear-systems and a Newton-Raphson method for non-linear corrections. It uses numerical derivatives to construct the Jacobian matrix. It uses sparse techniques to save on memory storage and to reduce the amount of computation. It is believed that this is the first implicit SPH code to use Newton-Krylov techniques, and is also the first implicit SPH code to model solids. A description of SPH and the techniques used in the implicit code are presented. Then, the results of a number of tests cases are discussed, which include a shock tube problem, a Rayleigh-Taylor problem, a breaking dam problem, and a single jet of gas problem. The results are shown to be in very good agreement with analytic solutions, experimental results, and the explicit SPHINX code. In the case of the single jet of gas case it has been demonstrated that the implicit code can do a problem in much shorter time than the explicit code. The problem was, however, very unphysical, but it does demonstrate the potential of the implicit code. It is a first step toward a useful implicit SPH code.

Charles E. Knapp

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

The ePLAS Code for Ignition Studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) presents unique opportunities for the extraction of clean energy from Fusion. Intense lasers and particle beams can create and interact with such plasmas, potentially yielding sufficient energy to satisfy all our national needs. However, few models are available to help aid the scientific community in the study and optimization of such interactions. This project enhanced and disseminated the computer code ePLAS for the early understanding and control of Ignition in ICF. ePLAS is a unique simulation code that tracks the transport of laser light to a target, the absorption of that light resulting in the generation and transport of hot electrons, and the heating and flow dynamics of the background plasma. It uses an implicit electromagnetic field-solving method to greatly reduce computing demands, so that useful target interaction studies can often be completed in 15 minutes on a portable 2.1 GHz PC. The code permits the rapid scoping of calculations for the optimization of laser target interactions aimed at fusion. Recent efforts have initiated the use of analytic equations of state (EOS), K-alpha image rendering graphics, allocatable memory for source-free usage, and adaption to the latest Mac and Linux Operating Systems. The speed and utility of ePLAS are unequaled in the ICF simulation community. This project evaluated the effects of its new EOSs on target heating, compared fluid and particle models for the ions, initiated the simultaneous use of both ion models in the code, and studied long time scale 500 ps hot electron deposition for shock ignition. ePLAS has been granted EAR99 export control status, permitting export without a license to most foreign countries. Beta-test versions of ePLAS have been granted to several Universities and Commercial users. The net Project was aimed at achieving early success in the laboratory ignition of thermonuclear targets and the mastery of controlled fusion power for the nation.

Mason, Rodney J

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

245

Visual analysis of code security  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To help increase the confidence that software is secure, researchers and vendors have developed different kinds of automated software security analysis tools. These tools analyze software for weaknesses and vulnerabilities, but the individual tools catch different vulnerabilities and produce voluminous data with many false positives. This paper describes a system that brings together the results of disparate software analysis tools into a visual environment to support the triage and exploration of code vulnerabilities. Our system allows software developers to explore vulnerability results to uncover hidden trends, triage the most important code weaknesses, and show who is responsible for introducing software vulnerabilities. By correlating and normalizing multiple software analysis tools' data, the overall vulnerability detection coverage of software is increased. A visual overview and powerful interaction allows the user to focus attention on the most pressing vulnerabilities within huge volumes of data, and streamlines the secure software development workflow through integration with development tools.

Goodall, John R [ORNL] [ORNL; Radwan, Hassan [Applied Visions, Inc.] [Applied Visions, Inc.; Halseth, Lenny [Applied Visions, Inc.] [Applied Visions, Inc.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

The EGS5 Code System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the nineteen years since EGS4 was released, it has been used in a wide variety of applications, particularly in medical physics, radiation measurement studies, and industrial development. Every new user and every new application bring new challenges for Monte Carlo code designers, and code refinements and bug fixes eventually result in a code that becomes difficult to maintain. Several of the code modifications represented significant advances in electron and photon transport physics, and required a more substantial invocation than code patching. Moreover, the arcane MORTRAN3[48] computer language of EGS4, was highest on the complaint list of the users of EGS4. The size of the EGS4 user base is difficult to measure, as there never existed a formal user registration process. However, some idea of the numbers may be gleaned from the number of EGS4 manuals that were produced and distributed at SLAC: almost three thousand. Consequently, the EGS5 project was undertaken. It was decided to employ the FORTRAN 77 compiler, yet include as much as possible, the structural beauty and power of MORTRAN3. This report consists of four chapters and several appendices. Chapter 1 is an introduction to EGS5 and to this report in general. We suggest that you read it. Chapter 2 is a major update of similar chapters in the old EGS4 report[126] (SLAC-265) and the old EGS3 report[61] (SLAC-210), in which all the details of the old physics (i.e., models which were carried over from EGS4) and the new physics are gathered together. The descriptions of the new physics are extensive, and not for the faint of heart. Detailed knowledge of the contents of Chapter 2 is not essential in order to use EGS, but sophisticated users should be aware of its contents. In particular, details of the restrictions on the range of applicability of EGS are dispersed throughout the chapter. First-time users of EGS should skip Chapter 2 and come back to it later if necessary. With the release of the EGS4 version, a deliberate attempt was made to present example problems in order to help the user ''get started'', and we follow that spirit in this report. A series of elementary tutorial user codes are presented in Chapter 3, with more sophisticated sample user codes described in Chapter 4. Novice EGS users will find it helpful to read through the initial sections of the EGS5 User Manual (provided in Appendix B of this report), proceeding then to work through the tutorials in Chapter 3. The User Manuals and other materials found in the appendices contain detailed flow charts, variable lists, and subprogram descriptions of EGS5 and PEGS. Included are step-by-step instructions for developing basic EGS5 user codes and for accessing all of the physics options available in EGS5 and PEGS. Once acquainted with the basic structure of EGS5, users should find the appendices the most frequently consulted sections of this report.

Hirayama, Hideo; Namito, Yoshihito; /KEK, Tsukuba; Bielajew, Alex F.; Wilderman, Scott J.; U., Michigan; Nelson, Walter R.; /SLAC

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

247

CBP PHASE I CODE INTEGRATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of the Cementitious Barriers Partnership (CBP) is to develop a reasonable and credible set of software tools to predict the structural, hydraulic, and chemical performance of cement barriers used in nuclear applications over extended time frames (greater than 100 years for operating facilities and greater than 1000 years for waste management). The simulation tools will be used to evaluate and predict the behavior of cementitious barriers used in near surface engineered waste disposal systems including waste forms, containment structures, entombments, and environmental remediation. These cementitious materials are exposed to dynamic environmental conditions that cause changes in material properties via (i) aging, (ii) chloride attack, (iii) sulfate attack, (iv) carbonation, (v) oxidation, and (vi) primary constituent leaching. A set of state-of-the-art software tools has been selected as a starting point to capture these important aging and degradation phenomena. Integration of existing software developed by the CBP partner organizations was determined to be the quickest method of meeting the CBP goal of providing a computational tool that improves the prediction of the long-term behavior of cementitious materials. These partner codes were selected based on their maturity and ability to address the problems outlined above. The GoldSim Monte Carlo simulation program (GTG 2010a, GTG 2010b) was chosen as the code integration platform (Brown & Flach 2009b). GoldSim (current Version 10.5) is a Windows based graphical object-oriented computer program that provides a flexible environment for model development (Brown & Flach 2009b). The linking of GoldSim to external codes has previously been successfully demonstrated (Eary 2007, Mattie et al. 2007). GoldSim is capable of performing deterministic and probabilistic simulations and of modeling radioactive decay and constituent transport. As part of the CBP project, a general Dynamic Link Library (DLL) interface was developed to link GoldSim with external codes (Smith III et al. 2010). The DLL uses a list of code inputs provided by GoldSim to create an input file for the external application, runs the external code, and returns a list of outputs (read from files created by the external application) back to GoldSim. In this way GoldSim provides: (1) a unified user interface to the applications, (2) the capability of coupling selected codes in a synergistic manner, and (3) the capability of performing probabilistic uncertainty analysis with the codes. GoldSim is made available by the GoldSim Technology Group as a free 'Player' version that allows running but not editing GoldSim models. The player version makes the software readily available to a wider community of users that would wish to use the CBP application but do not have a license for GoldSim.

Smith, F.; Brown, K.; Flach, G.; Sarkar, S.

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

248

Design of additive quantum codes via the code-word-stabilized framework  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider design of the quantum stabilizer codes via a two-step, low-complexity approach based on the framework of codeword-stabilized (CWS) codes. In this framework, each quantum CWS code can be specified by a graph and a binary code. For codes that can be obtained from a given graph, we give several upper bounds on the distance of a generic (additive or nonadditive) CWS code, and the lower Gilbert-Varshamov bound for the existence of additive CWS codes. We also consider additive cyclic CWS codes and show that these codes correspond to a previously unexplored class of single-generator cyclic stabilizer codes. We present several families of simple stabilizer codes with relatively good parameters.

Kovalev, Alexey A.; Pryadko, Leonid P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, California 92521 (United States); Dumer, Ilya [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California, Riverside, California 92521 (United States)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

249

Evolutionary approaches toward practical network coding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There have been numerous studies showing various benefits of network coding. However, in order to have network coding widely deployed in real networks, it is also important to show that the amount of overhead incurred by ...

Kim, Minkyu, 1976-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Reusing code by reasoning about its purpose  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When programmers face unfamiliar or challenging tasks, code written by others could give them inspiration or reusable pieces. But how can they find code appropriate for their goals? This thesis describes a programming ...

Arnold, Kenneth Charles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Efficient, transparent, and comprehensive runtime code manipulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis addresses the challenges of building a software system for general-purpose runtime code manipulation. Modern applications, with dynamically-loaded modules and dynamically-generated code, are assembled at runtime. ...

Bruening, Derek L. (Derek Lane), 1976-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Designing Distributed Applications with Mobile Code Paradigms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Designing Distributed Applications with Mobile Code Paradigms Antonio Carzaniga Politecnico di code, design paradigms, distributed applica­ tions. INTRODUCTION Distributed systems have been with the design of distributed applications, that aims at identifying the distributable components

Carzaniga, Antonio

253

Designing Distributed Applications with Mobile Code Paradigms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Designing Distributed Applications with Mobile Code Paradigms Antonio Carzaniga Politecnico di the selection of the correct paradigm for a given distributed application. Keywords Mobile code, design with the design of distributed applications, that aims at identifying the distributable components

Carzaniga, Antonio

254

Green Codes and Programs | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Green Codes and Programs Green Codes and Programs Blue version of the EERE PowerPoint template, for use with PowerPoint 2007. Transcript Presentation More Documents & Publications...

255

Quantum error-correcting codes and devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of forming quantum error-correcting codes by first forming a stabilizer for a Hilbert space. A quantum information processing device can be formed to implement such quantum codes.

Gottesman, Daniel (Los Alamos, NM)

2000-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

256

N. Mariana Islands- Building Energy Code  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

''Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more...

257

The College Station Residential Energy Compliance Code  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The City of College Station, Texas adopted a new residential Energy Compliance Code in January, 1988. The code, which strengthens compliance requirements in several areas, has received broadly based support and acceptance from all major constituent...

Claridge, D. E.; Schrock, D.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Arkansas Air Pollution Control Code (Arkansas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Arkansas Air Pollution Control code is adopted pursuant to Subchapter 2 of the Arkansas Water and Air Pollution Control Act (Arkansas Code Annotated 8-4-101). ) By authority of the same State...

259

Transforms for prediction residuals in video coding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Typically the same transform, the 2-D Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT), is used to compress both image intensities in image coding and prediction residuals in video coding. Major prediction residuals include the motion ...

Kam??l?, Fatih

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Medical imaging with coded apertures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Now algorithms were investigated for image reconstruction in emission tomography which could incorporate complex instrumental effects such as might be obtained with a coded aperture system. The investigation focused on possible uses of the wavelet transform to handle non-stationary instrumental effects and analytic continuation of the Radon transform to handle self-absorption. Neither investigation was completed during the funding period and whether such algorithms will be useful remains an open question.

Keto, E.; Libby, S.

1995-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "invalid country code" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Pakistan: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report summarizes the energy and economic situation in Pakistan.

Gazdar, M.N.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Indonesia: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy have covered Australia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report covers Indonesia. 37 refs., 36 figs., 64 tabs.

Prawiraatmadja, W.; Yamaguchi, N.; Breazeale, K.; Basari, S.R.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Code input alternatives John C. Wright  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Code input alternatives John C. Wright John Wright Oct 2009 ­ CSWIM Workshop@ORNL Extensible markup

Wright, John C.

264

San Francisco Building Code Amendments to the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 2010 San Francisco Building Code Amendments to the 2010 California Green Building Standards Code not pertain to energy) Operative date: January 1, 2011 #12;139 Chapter 13C GREEN BUILDING REQUIREMENTS shall be known as the California San Francisco Green Building Standards Code and may be cited

265

Ultra-narrow bandwidth voice coding  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system of removing excess information from a human speech signal and coding the remaining signal information, transmitting the coded signal, and reconstructing the coded signal. The system uses one or more EM wave sensors and one or more acoustic microphones to determine at least one characteristic of the human speech signal.

Holzrichter, John F. (Berkeley, CA); Ng, Lawrence C. (Danville, CA)

2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

266

CARD No. 23 Models and Computer Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CARD No. 23 Models and Computer Codes 23.A BACKGROUND Section 194.23 addresses the compliance criteria requirements for conceptual models and computer codes. Conceptual models capture a general (PA). The design of computer codes begins with the development of conceptual models. Conceptual models

267

STUDENT CONDUCT CODE REVIEW/DISCUSSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDENT CONDUCT CODE REVISION REVIEW/DISCUSSION Student Conduct Code Revision Workgroup #12;Agenda Introductions/Purpose History of the Student Conduct Code Revision Workgroup Highlights of the Draft Revision Introduction: Principles Promoting Student Responsibility Jurisdiction Conduct in Violation of Community

Fainman, Yeshaiahu

268

Using closures for code generation Marc Feeley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

which offers the advantages of an interpreter with the speed of compiled code. Code generation relies - environment (i.e. the set of current variable bindings). This operation is called closure. We speakUsing closures for code generation Marc Feeley Guy Lapalme D´epartement d'informatique et de

Feeley, Marc

269

A Turbo Code Tutorial William E. Ryan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Turbo Code Tutorial William E. Ryan New Mexico State University Box 30001 Dept. 3-O, Las Cruces, NM 88003 wryan@nmsu.edu Abstract| We give a tutorial exposition of turbo codes and the associated algorithms. Included are a simple derivation for the performance of turbo codes, and a straightforward

Shea, John M.

270

Homological Error Correction: Classical and Quantum Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We prove several theorems characterizing the existence of homological error correction codes both classically and quantumly. Not every classical code is homological, but we find a family of classical homological codes saturating the Hamming bound. In the quantum case, we show that for non-orientable surfaces it is impossible to construct homological codes based on qudits of dimension $D>2$, while for orientable surfaces with boundaries it is possible to construct them for arbitrary dimension $D$. We give a method to obtain planar homological codes based on the construction of quantum codes on compact surfaces without boundaries. We show how the original Shor's 9-qubit code can be visualized as a homological quantum code. We study the problem of constructing quantum codes with optimal encoding rate. In the particular case of toric codes we construct an optimal family and give an explicit proof of its optimality. For homological quantum codes on surfaces of arbitrary genus we also construct a family of codes asymptotically attaining the maximum possible encoding rate. We provide the tools of homology group theory for graphs embedded on surfaces in a self-contained manner.

H. Bombin; M. A. Martin-Delgado

2006-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

271

Cost Codes and the Work Breakdown Structure  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The chapter discusses the purpose of the work breakdown structure (WBS) and code of account (COA) cost code system, shows the purpose and fundamental structure of both the WBS and the cost code system, and explains the interface between the two systems.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

272

Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop: Code for Hydrogen Pipelines...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Working Group Workshop: Code for Hydrogen Pipelines Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop: Code for Hydrogen Pipelines Code for Hydrogen Piping and Pipelines. B31 Hydrogen...

273

State and Local Code Implementation: Northeast Region - 2014...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Local Code Implementation: South-central Region - 2014 BTO Peer Review Building Energy Codes Program - 2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy...

274

Technical Assistance: Increasing Code Compliance - 2014 BTO Peer...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Code Compliance - 2014 BTO Peer Review More Documents & Publications Building Energy Codes Program - 2014 BTO Peer Review Building Energy Codes Program Overview - 2014 BTO Peer...

275

Energy Codes and the Landlord-Tenant Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a Commercial Building Energy Code in Michigan,” Report PNNL-Grant Summaries,” 1999. Office of Codes and Standards. , “2004,” , “Building Energy Codes: An Introduction,” 2010.

Papineau, Maya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

The Cost of Enforcing Building Energy Codes: Phase 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

B. (2005). Residential Energy Code Evaluatinons: Review andProvidence, RI: Building Codes Assistance Project. ZING2007 Commercial Energy Code Compliance Study. Calgary, AB:

Williams, Alison

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Two-Level Nonregular Designs From Quaternary Linear Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Goethals, and related codes. IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory 40,Theory of Error-Correcting Codes. North- Holland, Amsterdam.1967). An optimum nonlinear code. Inform. Control 11, Sun,

Hongquan Xu; Alan Wong

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Stationary and Portable Fuel Cell Systems Codes and Standards...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Stationary and Portable Fuel Cell Systems Codes and Standards Citations Stationary and Portable Fuel Cell Systems Codes and Standards Citations This document lists codes and...

279

Webinar: Residential Energy Code Compliance | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Webinar: Residential Energy Code Compliance Webinar: Residential Energy Code Compliance View the Code Compliance Funding Opportunity video or see the slides below. This webinar...

280

Reducing Energy Demand in Buildings Through State Energy Codes...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Reducing Energy Demand in Buildings Through State Energy Codes Reducing Energy Demand in Buildings Through State Energy Codes Building Codes Project for the 2013 Building...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "invalid country code" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Hydrogen Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations Hydrogen Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations This document lists codes and standards typically used...

282

Performance of Turbo Coded WCDMA with Downlink Space Time Block Coding in Correlated Fading Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Performance of Turbo Coded WCDMA with Downlink Space Time Block Coding in Correlated Fading due to potential high data rate applications such as wireless internet access. Turbo codes. In this paper, we evaluate the performance of turbo coded WCDMA systems with downlink transmit diversity

Mandayam, Narayan

283

Code Generation on Steroids: Enhancing COTS Code Generators via Generative Aspects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Code Generation on Steroids: Enhancing COTS Code Generators via Generative Aspects Cody Henthorne tilevich@cs.vt.edu Abstract Commercial of-the-shelf (COTS) code generators have become an integral part of modern commercial software development. Programmers use code generators to facilitate many tedious

Ryder, Barbara G.

284

Absorbing Set Analysis of LDPC Codes and Read-Channel Quantization in Flash Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61 SCB codes for r = 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63 SCB codes for r =

Wang, Jiadong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Essays on banking and corporate finance in developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation consists of three essays that examine banking and corporate finance in developing countries. Specifically, it explores the theoretical and empirical implications of open capital markets, foreign bank ...

Gormley, Todd A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

What Polarized Country? Clean Energy -The Great Convener  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What Polarized Country? Clean Energy - The Great Convener Tuesday, October 2, 2012 11:30 a.m. - 1, vast agreement that we should champion clean energy and energy efficiency. Join us for an engaging

Hall, Sharon J.

287

Essays on household decision making in developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation contains three essays on household decision making in the areas of education and health in developing countries. The first chapter explores intra-household decision making in the context of conditional ...

Berry, James W. (James Wesley)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Strategic analysis of mobile money ventures in Developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mobile money services are spreading rapidly in many developed and developing countries across the world. Whereas in developed economies these new services are seen as a way to make current services more functional and ...

Caballero, Luis (Luis Alberto Caballero Parra)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Grant Researching and Proposal Writing in Indian Country Workshop  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Seminole Tribe of Florida Native Learning Center is excited to present its first Grant Researching and Proposal Writing in Indian Country Workshop. Whether you are a beginner, an expert, or...

290

The market for alfalfa seed in the country of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study develops a knowledge base of the market for alfalfa seed in the country of Mexico. The research findings and results of the study are intended to contribute toward the further understanding of the Mexican market for alfalfa seed...

Berentsen, Roberto, Jr

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Electricity Network Tariff Architectures: A Comparison of Four OECD Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The study is motivated by the question “what is the optimal tariff design?” While we do not offer an answer to this question, we use the different designs in four select countries to illuminate the issues involved in ...

Sakhrani, Vivek

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

A cross country analysis of electricity market reforms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

econometric model based on Poisson regression with cross-section data covering 51 US states, 13 Canada states and 51 other countries. The results show that both the background of the chairperson of electricity market regulatory agency when reforms started...

Erdogdu, Erkan

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

293

Understanding developing countries' capacities to negotiate effective trade agreements : Colombia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis explores the obstacles (the negotiation machinery, the asymmetric context of power and the international and domestic context) for developing countries in negotiating international trade agreements with the US. ...

Bonilla, Martha Isabel, 1965-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

OPEC Algeria Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC b Total OPEC c 1978 ... 14.12 13.61 13.24 14.05...

295

Bicycle-powered attachments : designing for developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are 550 million smallholder farmers around the world who earn less than $1/day who could benefit from pedal-powered attachments. This project discusses factors to consider in designing for developing countries and ...

Wu, Jodie (Jodie Z.)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

National Agenda for Hydrogen Codes and Standards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper provides an overview of hydrogen codes and standards with an emphasis on the national effort supported and managed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). With the help and cooperation of standards and model code development organizations, industry, and other interested parties, DOE has established a coordinated national agenda for hydrogen and fuel cell codes and standards. With the adoption of the Research, Development, and Demonstration Roadmap and with its implementation through the Codes and Standards Technical Team, DOE helps strengthen the scientific basis for requirements incorporated in codes and standards that, in turn, will facilitate international market receptivity for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies.

Blake, C.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Efficient Decoding of Topological Color Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Color codes are a class of topological quantum codes with a high error threshold and large set of transversal encoded gates, and are thus suitable for fault tolerant quantum computation in two-dimensional architectures. Recently, computationally efficient decoders for the color codes were proposed. We describe an alternate efficient iterative decoder for topological color codes, and apply it to the color code on hexagonal lattice embedded on a torus. In numerical simulations, we find an error threshold of 7.8% for independent dephasing and spin flip errors.

Pradeep Sarvepalli; Robert Raussendorf

2011-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

298

Data compression using inverted block codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fields 2. Minimum Distance and Error Correction 3. Matrix Notation for Codes 4. Cosets, Coset Leaders, and Maximum Likelihood Decoding C. Syndrome Decoding . D. Inversion of Codes E. Distortion Measure for Inverted Block Codes . F. Perfect Codes...+. The average distortion for block code C is found by averaging the word distortion measure of Equation 3. 3 over all codewords (n-tuples) x, so that p (C) = E[ (xlC)] = Q p(x)p. (?x). all x If the codewords are uniformly identically distributed, N...

McClellan, Stan

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

India: Asia-Pacific energy series country report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs of the East-West Center series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies provide an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. To the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics. Staff members have traveled extensively in-and at times have lived in-the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. Over the next few years these country studies can be updated and will provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. This India Asia-Pacific Energy Series Country Report is the follow-on to a study by Victor Lobo, Energy in India: The Oil Sector, which was published by the East-West Center in December 1989. The study focused on the petroleum industry, particularly refining, infrastructure, marketing and distribution, specifications of products, demand structure and pricing. This current study, must be seen as a supplement to our 1989 study and, as such, does not cover the petroleum sector in depth.

Gazdar, M.N.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Texas Energy Code Compliance Collaborative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 7 Source: ACEEE Building Energy Codes Program 2010 ESL-KT-13-12-29 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 Residential (Single Family Residences And Duplexes...CATEE 2013 December 18, 2013 ESL-KT-13-12-29 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 ? Member-based, non-profit organization ? The newest Regional Energy Efficiency Organization (REEO) ? Founded...

Herbert, C.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "invalid country code" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

GENII Code | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Subject: Guidance for natural gas as aGEA HonorsGENII Code GENII

302

code | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop,SaveWhiskey Flats GeothermalElectric Coop Home7 August, 2013code

303

Virtual Private Environments for Multiphysics Code Validation on Computing Grids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Virtual Private Environments for Multiphysics Code Validation on Computing Grids Toan Nguyen-based computing environments and deploys, tests and analyzes multiphysics codes. A second approach executes model coupling, error correlations, alert definitions, best usage practices, code verification and code

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

304

Decoding linear codes via optimization and graph-based techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2.2.1 Linear Codes on1.1.2 Graph-Based Codes 1.2 Dissertation Overview . . .versus the length of the code for (3,6)-regular LDPC codes (

Taghavi, Mohammad H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Prospects for the power sector in nine developing countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on information drawn primarily from official planning documents issued by national governments and/or utilities, the authors examined the outlook for the power sector in the year 2000 in nine countries: China, India, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, Argentina and Mexico. They found that the implicit rates of average annual growth of installed electric power capacity between 1991 and 2001 range from a low of 3.3% per year in Argentina to a high of 13.2% per year in Indonesia. In absolute terms, China and India account for the vast majority of the growth. The plans call for a shift in the generating mix towards coal in six of the countries, and continued strong reliance on coal in China and India. The use of natural gas is expected to increase substantially in a number of the countries. The historic movement away from oil continues, although some countries are maintaining dual-fuel capabilities. Plans call for considerable growth of nuclear power in South Korea and China and modest increases in India and Taiwan. The feasibility of the official plans varies among the countries. Lack of public capital is leading towards greater reliance on private sector participation in power projects in many of the countries. Environmental issues are becoming a more significant constraint than in the past, particularly in the case of large-scale hydropower projects. The financial and environmental constraints are leading to a rising interest in methods of improving the efficiency of electricity supply and end use. The scale of such activities is growing in most of the study countries.

Meyers, S.; Goldman, N.; Martin, N.; Friedmann, R.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

A Code Motion Framework for Global Instruction Scheduling ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the program; and a transformation step in which the code motion is performed along with compensation code placement and application of code optimizations enabled by code motion. The framework is powerful elimination and partial dead code elimination optimizations with the code motion transformations

Gupta, Rajiv

307

Binary Codes In this lesson, you will study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coded Decimal (BCD), Error detection codes, Character codes 2. Coding versus binary conversion. Binary Decimal (BCD) code which corresponds to the first 10 binary representations of the decimal digits 0-9. The BCD code requires 4 bits to represent the 10 decimal digits. Since 4 bits may have up to 16 different

Bouhraoua, Abdelhafid

308

Enforcing Building Energy Codes in China: Progress and Comparative Lessons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From 1995 to 2005, building energy use in China increased more rapidly than the world average. China has been adding 0.4 to 1.6 billion square meters of floor space annually , making it the world’s largest market for new construction. In fact, by 2020, China is expected to comprise half of all new construction. In response to this, China has begun to make important steps towards achieving building energy efficiency, including the implementation of building energy standards that requires new buildings to be 65% more efficient than buildings from the early 1980s. Making progress on reducing building energy use requires both a comprehensive code and a robust enforcement system. The latter – the enforcement system – is a particularly critical component for assuring that a building code has an effect. China has dramatically enhanced its enforcement system in the past two years, with more detailed requirements for ensuring enforcement and new penalties for non-compliance. We believe that the U.S. and other developed countries could benefit from learning about the multiple checks and the documentation required in China. Similarly, some of the more user-friendly enforcement approaches developed in the U.S. and elsewhere may be useful for China as it strives to improve enforcement in rural and smaller communities. In this article, we provide context to China’s building codes enforcement system by comparing it to the U.S. Among some of the enforcement mechanisms we look at are testing and rating procedures, compliance software, and training and public information.

Evans, Meredydd; Shui, Bin; Halverson, Mark A.; Delgado, Alison

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

309

Wire codes, magnetic fields, and childhood cancer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Childhood cancer has been modestly associated with wire codes, an exposure surrogate for power frequency magnetic fields, but less consistently with measured fields. The authors analyzed data on the population distribution of wire codes and their relationship with several measured magnetic field metrics. In a given geographic area, there is a marked trend for decreased prevalence from low to high wire code categories, but there are differences between areas. For average measured fields, there is a positive relationship between the mean of the distributions and wire codes but a large overlap among the categories. Better discrimination is obtained for the extremes of the measurement values when comparing the highest and the lowest wire code categories. Instability of measurements, intermittent fields, or other exposure conditions do not appear to provide a viable explanation for the differences between wire codes and magnetic fields with respect to the strength and consistency of their respective association with childhood cancer.

Kheifets, L.I.; Kavet, R.; Sussman, S.S. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)] [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

HERCULES: A Pattern Driven Code Transformation System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New parallel computers are emerging, but developing efficient scientific code for them remains difficult. A scientist must manage not only the science-domain complexity but also the performance-optimization complexity. HERCULES is a code transformation system designed to help the scientist to separate the two concerns, which improves code maintenance, and facilitates performance optimization. The system combines three technologies, code patterns, transformation scripts and compiler plugins, to provide the scientist with an environment to quickly implement code transformations that suit his needs. Unlike existing code optimization tools, HERCULES is unique in its focus on user-level accessibility. In this paper we discuss the design, implementation and an initial evaluation of HERCULES.

Kartsaklis, Christos [ORNL; Hernandez, Oscar R [ORNL; Hsu, Chung-Hsing [ORNL; Ilsche, Thomas [Technische Universitat Dresden; Joubert, Wayne [ORNL; Graham, Richard L [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Zebra: An advanced PWR lattice code  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents an overview of an advanced PWR lattice code ZEBRA developed at NECP laboratory in Xi'an Jiaotong Univ.. The multi-group cross-section library is generated from the ENDF/B-VII library by NJOY and the 361-group SHEM structure is employed. The resonance calculation module is developed based on sub-group method. The transport solver is Auto-MOC code, which is a self-developed code based on the Method of Characteristic and the customization of AutoCAD software. The whole code is well organized in a modular software structure. Some numerical results during the validation of the code demonstrate that this code has a good precision and a high efficiency. (authors)

Cao, L.; Wu, H.; Zheng, Y. [School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong Univ., No. 28, Xianning West Road, Xi'an, ShannXi, 710049 (China)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Analysis and Design of Tuned Turbo Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has been widely observed that there exists a fundamental trade-off between the minimum distance properties and the iterative decoding convergence behavior of turbo-like codes. While capacity achieving code ensembles typically are asymptotically bad in the sense that their minimum distance does not grow linearly with block length, and they therefore exhibit an error floor at moderate-to-high signal to noise ratios, asymptotically good codes usually converge further away from channel capacity. In this paper, we introduce the concept of tuned turbo codes, a family of asymptotically good hybrid concatenated code ensembles, where minimum distance growth rates, convergence thresholds, and code rates can be traded-off using two tuning parameters, {\\lambda} and {\\mu}. By decreasing {\\lambda}, the asymptotic minimum distance growth rate is reduced for the sake of improved iterative decoding convergence behavior, while increasing {\\lambda} raises the growth rate at the expense of worse convergence behavior, and thus...

Koller, Christian; Kliewer, Joerg; Vatta, Francesca; Zigangirov, Kamil S; Costello, Daniel J

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Building Energy Efficiency in India: Compliance Evaluation of Energy Conservation Building Code  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

India is experiencing unprecedented construction boom. The country doubled its floorspace between 2001 and 2005 and is expected to add 35 billion m2 of new buildings by 2050. Buildings account for 35% of total final energy consumption in India today, and building energy use is growing at 8% annually. Studies have shown that carbon policies will have little effect on reducing building energy demand. Chaturvedi et al. predicted that, if there is no specific sectoral policies to curb building energy use, final energy demand of the Indian building sector will grow over five times by the end of this century, driven by rapid income and population growth. The growing energy demand in buildings is accompanied by a transition from traditional biomass to commercial fuels, particularly an increase in electricity use. This also leads to a rapid increase in carbon emissions and aggravates power shortage in India. Growth in building energy use poses challenges to the Indian government. To curb energy consumption in buildings, the Indian government issued the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) in 2007, which applies to commercial buildings with a connected load of 100 kW or 120kVA. It is predicted that the implementation of ECBC can help save 25-40% of energy, compared to reference buildings without energy-efficiency measures. However, the impact of ECBC depends on the effectiveness of its enforcement and compliance. Currently, the majority of buildings in India are not ECBC-compliant. The United Nations Development Programme projected that code compliance in India would reach 35% by 2015 and 64% by 2017. Whether the projected targets can be achieved depends on how the code enforcement system is designed and implemented. Although the development of ECBC lies in the hands of the national government – the Bureau of Energy Efficiency under the Ministry of Power, the adoption and implementation of ECBC largely relies on state and local governments. Six years after ECBC’s enactment, only two states and one territory out of 35 Indian states and union territories formally adopted ECBC and six additional states are in the legislative process of approving ECBC. There are several barriers that slow down the process. First, stakeholders, such as architects, developers, and state and local governments, lack awareness of building energy efficiency, and do not have enough capacity and resources to implement ECBC. Second, institution for implementing ECBC is not set up yet; ECBC is not included in local building by-laws or incorporated into the building permit process. Third, there is not a systematic approach to measuring and verifying compliance and energy savings, and thus the market does not have enough confidence in ECBC. Energy codes achieve energy savings only when projects comply with codes, yet only few countries measure compliance consistently and periodic checks often indicate poor compliance in many jurisdictions. China and the U.S. appear to be two countries with comprehensive systems in code enforcement and compliance The United States recently developed methodologies measuring compliance with building energy codes at the state level. China has an annual survey investigating code compliance rate at the design and construction stages in major cities. Like many developing countries, India has only recently begun implementing an energy code and would benefit from international experience on code compliance. In this paper, we examine lessons learned from the U.S. and China on compliance assessment and how India can apply these lessons to develop its own compliance evaluation approach. This paper also provides policy suggestions to national, state, and local governments to improve compliance and speed up ECBC implementation.

Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd; Delgado, Alison

2014-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

314

Coding Theorems for "Turbo-Like" Codes Dariush Divsalar, Hui Jin, and Robert J. McEliece  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coding Theorems for "Turbo-Like" Codes Dariush Divsalar, Hui Jin, and Robert J. McEliece Jet call these systems "turbo-like" codes and they include as special cases both the classical turbo codes for turbo-like codes. 1. Introduction. The 1993 discovery of turbo codes by Berrou, Glavieux

Abu-Mostafa, Yaser S.

315

Material model library for explicit numerical codes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A material model logic structure has been developed which is useful for most explicit finite-difference and explicit finite-element Lagrange computer codes. This structure has been implemented and tested in the STEALTH codes to provide an example for researchers who wish to implement it in generically similar codes. In parallel with these models, material parameter libraries have been created for the implemented models for materials which are often needed in DoD applications.

Hofmann, R.; Dial, B.W.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

2-D color code quantum computation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe in detail how to perform universal fault-tolerant quantum computation on a 2-D color code, making use of only nearest neighbor interactions. Three defects (holes) in the code are used to represent logical qubits. Triple defect logical qubits are deformed into isolated triangular sections of color code to enable transversal implementation of all single logical qubit Clifford group gates. CNOT is implemented between pairs of triple defect logical qubits via braiding.

Austin G. Fowler

2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

317

Codes and Supersymmetry in One Dimension  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adinkras are diagrams that describe many useful supermultiplets in D=1 dimensions. We show that the topology of the Adinkra is uniquely determined by a doubly even code. Conversely, every doubly even code produces a possible topology of an Adinkra. A computation of doubly even codes results in an enumeration of these Adinkra topologies up to N=28, and for minimal supermultiplets, up to N=32.

C. F. Doran; M. G. Faux; S. J. Gates Jr.; T. Hübsch; K. M. Iga; G. D. Landweber; R. L. Miller

2011-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

318

Fact #836: September 1, Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

per day) Year Non-OPEC Countries OPEC Countries Total Percent OPEC Canada Mexico Russia Other Non-OPEC Nigeria Saudi Arabia Venezuela Other OPEC Countries 1960 0.12 0.02 0.00...

319

Alarm Code Request Office of Physical Security  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alarm Code Request Office of Physical Security 101 Campus Operations Bowling Green State University Bowling Green, Ohio 43403 (419) 3727661 lockalarm@bgsu.edu By signing this authorization

Moore, Paul A.

320

Energy Citations Database (ECD) - Widget Code  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Widget Inclusion Code