Sample records for invades kuwait saudis

  1. The monetary approach to the balance of payments: The case of the oil-based, small, open, developing economies of Libya, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buzakuk, M.R.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explores the determinants of foreign reserves flow in light of the oil-based small open economies of Libya, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia. The period of study encompasses the major oil price increases of the 1970s and early 1980s, which had led to the huge transfers of foreign exchanges towards these, among other, developing economies. The framework of analysis is basically a monetary approach to the balance of payments. This study is of both a theoretical and empirical nature. It utilizes the monetary forces in the domestic money market to derive a basic balance of payments (BOP) equation that explains the monetary nature of the balance of payments. The study found that the data from those countries support the monetary relationships as hypothesized by the monetary approach, especially the negative one-to-one relation between domestic credit (DC) and the BOP. Results from the simultaneous estimations of the BOP and DC reported better estimates than the single-equation model. Findings from the reaction function indicated that the monetary authorities of these oil-based economies were actively sterilizing the effect of foreign reserve flows. Findings supported the integrated market hypothesis in Kuwait and Libya, but not in the Saudi case.

  2. Saudi Arabia Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates Oman China Turkmenistan Turkey Tajikistan United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar Uzbekistan Eritrea Bahrain 02858 00707 #12;Iran Saudi Arabia Oman Pakistan AfghanistanIraq Yemen United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar

  3. Saudi Aramco describes crisis oil flow hike

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    On Aug. 2, 1990, Iraqi forces invaded Kuwait and triggered one of the most severe crises in the world's oil supplies since World War II. Within a few days of the invasion, Iraqi and Kuwaiti oil exports were embargoed, and almost 4.6 million b/d oil of production was removed from world markets. This shortfall amounted to about 20% of total Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries production at the time and could have proven disastrous to the world's industrial and financial well-being. However, there was no disruption to the major economies of the world. This paper reports that the primary reason for the cushioning of this impact was the massive expansion in production undertaken by Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco).

  4. Kuwait poised for massive well kill effort

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that full scale efforts to extinguish Kuwait's oil well fires are to begin. The campaign to combat history's worst oil fires, originally expected to begin in mid-March, has been hamstrung by logistical problems, including delays in equipment deliveries caused by damage to Kuwait's infrastructure. Meantime, production from a key field off Kuwait--largely unaffected by the war--is expected to resume in May, but Kuwaiti oil exports will still be hindered by damaged onshore facilities. In addition, Kuwait is lining up equipment and personnel to restore production from its heavily damaged oil fields. Elsewhere in the Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia reports progress in combating history's worst oil spills but acknowledges a continuing threat.

  5. Kuwait: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that the major event in Kuwait today is the ongoing effort to control blowouts stemming from Iraqi demolition of oil wells and producing facilities last February. A total of 732 wells---about two- thirds of all wells in Kuwait---were blown up. All but 80 caught on fire.

  6. Kuwait; The blowouts are history

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on the capping of oil well blowouts in Kuwait. It reports on how access to the wells was gained, the well kill methods used, and future work that must be done in order to restore productivity.

  7. Water demand management in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milutinovic, Milan, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kuwait is an arid country located in the Middle East, with limited access to water resources. Yet water demand per capita is much higher than in other countries in the world, estimated to be around 450 L/capita/day. There ...

  8. How postcapping put Kuwait`s wells back onstream

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, D. [ABB Vetco Gray Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In late february 1991, the retreating Iraqi army blew up, or otherwise caused to blowout, some 700 wells in Kuwait. Between March and November, all of the fires were extinguished and the wells were capped. Work began in July 1991 to recomplete the damaged wells with replaced or reworked tubulars and well heads so that production could be resumed. Except for some of the earlier-capped wells into which cement was pumped, thus requiring more extensive downhole work, many of the damaged wells, particularly in Burgan field, were put back into production mode by the procedure described here, which became known as postcapping. This paper describes the equipment and techniques used in postcapping damaged wellheads.

  9. Daylighting systems for the Kuwait National Museum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahn, Byoungsoo

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Daylight has a deteriorating effect on the museum objects. For this reason, usually museums totally block the daylight. This research is the part of restoration works of Kuwait National Museum (KNM), which was destroyed during the Gulf War in 1990...

  10. The hydrometeorology of Kuwait : characterization and modeling of rainfall distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcella, Marc Pace

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents a comprehensive study on the hydrometeorology of Kuwait. The spatial, seasonal, and inter annual variability of Kuwait rainfall is discussed based on rain gauge and satellite datasets. It is found that ...

  11. Kuwait summons more fire fighting teams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Kuwait is calling in more muscle to help kill its wild wells. This paper reports on the latest action in Kuwait, the leasing of well control contracts to Abel Engineering/Well Control Inc., Houston, and China Petroleum Engineering Construction Co. (CPEC). Abel is the sixth North American well control company called to the scene, while CPEC is the first summoned from the East. In addition, the service responsible for combating well fires and blowouts in the U.S.S.R.'s Azerbaijan oil fields signed an agreement with Kuwait's government, apparently involving a contract valued at more than $100 million, to extinguish fires at 150 Kuwaiti wells, reported Eastern Bloc Energy, a publication of Eastern Bloc Research Ltd., Newton Kyme, U.K. More help likely is on the way.

  12. Kuwait pressing toward preinvasion oil production capacity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tippee, B.

    1993-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Oil field reconstruction is shifting focus in Kuwait as the country races toward prewar production capacity of 2 million b/d. Oil flow last month reached 1.7 million b/d, thanks largely to a massive workover program that has accomplished about as much as it can. By midyear, most of the 19 rigs in Kuwait will be drilling rather than working over wells vandalized by retreating Iraqi troops in February 1991. Seventeen gathering centers are at work, with capacities totaling 2.4 million b/d, according to state-owned Kuwait Oil Co. (KOC). This article describes current work, the production infrastructure, facilities strategy, oil recovery, well repairs, a horizontal pilot project, the drilling program, the constant reminders of war, and heightened tensions.

  13. Minimizing casing corrosion in Kuwait oil fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agiza, M.N.; Awar, S.A.

    1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Corrosion in production strings is a well known problem in Kuwait oil fields. Failure to remedy the affected wells results mainly in undesirable dump flooding of the oil reservoirs, or in oil seepage and hydrocarbon contamination in shallow water bearing strata. Any of these situations (unless properly handled) leads to a disastrous waste of oil resources. This study discusses casing leaks in Kuwait oil fields, the nature of the formations opposite the leaks and their contained fluids, and the field measures that can be adopted in order to avoid casing leak problems.

  14. Political Advertising in Kuwait A Functional Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    Political Advertising in Kuwait A Functional Analysis Jasem Alqaseer Abstract: Most political (Kaid, 2006). In general, political advertising studies focused on the content of political advertising especially on the subject of issues vs. images in advertising. In addition, many studies of political

  15. Quality in Saudi advertising design.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alzahrani, Mojib Othman

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This research investigates reasons for differences in quality between advertisements created by local and international advertising agencies operating in Saudi Arabia. It focuses on the… (more)

  16. Ecological disaster in Kuwait; A burning question

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wray, T.K. (Waste Away Services, Perrysburg, OH (US))

    1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Six million barrels of oil are going up in smoke each day in Kuwait, dumping 3.7 million pounds of toxic gases, soot, and smoke - including cancer-causing compounds - into the air each hour. This paper reports that the prognosis for the situation is dim. Even as specialized firefighting companies from the United States and Canada began arriving in Kuwait in March, oil officials there predicted dousing the fires would take at least two years and pumping up oil production to pre-war levels would take between five and 10 years. An oil well fire is a disaster. The effect on the ozone, the ecology, the marine life is massive. We aren't even breathing air here, we're just breathing smog.

  17. Case histories of temperature surveys in Kuwait

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gupta, B.S.

    1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most crude produced in Kuwait is from naturally flowing wells. Casing, tubing, and cement in these wells remain unchanged after completion. This study discusses the major application of temperature surveys in indicating fluid movement both inside and behind the production string, hence locating any holes in the casing. Some significant cases of temperature anomalies are examined qualitatively, and suggestions are made for a more quantitative interpretation of temperature profiles. 9 refs.

  18. Saudi MTBE project revived

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Alujain Corp., a member of the Xenel group of Saudi Arabia, is going ahead with plans to build an 800,000-m.t./year methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) plant. Bechtel has been appointed project manager for the plant, which will be owned by a new company, National Fuel Additives (Tahseen). Bechtel will help evaluate proposals already submitted for the lump sum turnkey job.

  19. Seismicity and Improved Velocity Structure in Kuwait

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gok, R M; Rodgers, A J; Al-Enezi, A

    2006-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The Kuwait National Seismic Network (KNSN) began operation in 1997 and consists of nine three-component stations (eight short-period and one broadband) and is operated by the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research. Although the region is largely believed to be aseismic, considerable local seismicity is recorded by KNSN. Seismic events in Kuwait are clustered in two main groups, one in the south and another in the north. The KNSN station distribution is able to capture the southern cluster within the footprint of the network but the northern cluster is poorly covered. Events tend to occur at depths ranging from the free surface to about 20 km. Events in the northern cluster tend to be deeper than those in south, however this might be an artifact of the station coverage. We analyzed KNSN recordings of nearly 200 local events to improve understanding of seismic events and crustal structure in Kuwait, performing several analyses with increasing complexity. First, we obtained an optimized one-dimensional (1D) velocity model for the entire region using the reported KNSN arrival times and routine locations. The resulting model is consistent with a recently obtained model from the joint inversion of receiver functions and surface wave group velocities. Crustal structure is capped by the thick ({approx} 7 km) sedimentary rocks of the Arabian Platform underlain by normal velocities for stable continental crust. Our new model has a crustal thickness of 44 km, constrained by an independent study of receiver functions and surface wave group velocities by Pasyanos et al (2006). Locations and depths of events after relocation with the new model are broadly consistent with those reported by KISR, although a few events move more than a few kilometers. We then used a double-difference tomography technique (tomoDD) to jointly locate the events and estimate three-dimensional (3D) velocity structure. TomoDD is based on hypoDD relocation algorithm and it makes use of both absolute and relative arrival times. We obtained {approx}1500 absolute P and S arrival times and {approx}3200 P and S wave arrival time differences. Event locations do not change greatly when 3D velocity structure is included. Three-dimensional velocity structure, where resolvable, does not differ greatly from our optimized 1D model, indicating that the improved 1D model is adequate for routine event location. Finally, we calculated moment magnitudes, MW, for nearly 155 events using the coda magnitude technique of Mayeda et al., (2003). The fact that most of the relocated events occur below the known sedimentary structures extending to 7 km suggests that they are tectonic in origin. Shallow events within the sedimentary crust in the (southern) Minagish region may be related to oil field activities, although the current study cannot unambiguously determine the source of current seismicity in Kuwait. The improved velocity model reduces the scatter of travel time residuals relative to the locations reported in the KNSN bulletin and may be used for ground motion prediction and hazard estimate studies in Kuwait.

  20. Improving Operational Strategies of an Institutional Building in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ragom, F.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Building and Energy Technologies Department (BET) of the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research has pledged to achieve 10% reduction in buildings energy consumption by the year 2005. Working in line with the Kuwaiti government that highly...

  1. Analysis of sustainable water supply options for Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murtaugh, Katharine A. (Katharine Ann)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis considers several options for improving the sustainability of Kuwait's water supply system. The country currently relies heavily on desalination and brackish groundwater extraction. The options considered for ...

  2. Physical properties of soils contaminated by oil lakes, Kuwait

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohammad, A.S. [Kuwait Univ., Safat (Kuwait); Wahba, S.A.; Al-Khatieb, S.O. [Arabian Gulf Univ. (Bahrain)

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In preparation for a marine assault by the coalition forces, the Iraqi Army heavily mined Kuwait`s coastal zone and the oil fields. Over a million mines were placed on the Kuwait soil. Burning of 732 oil wells in the State of Kuwait due to the Iraqi invasion caused damages which had direct and indirect effect on environment. A total of 20-22 million barrels of spilled crude oil were collected in natural desert depressions and drainage network which formed more than 300 oil lakes. The total area covered with oil reached 49 km{sup 2}. More than 375 trenches revealed the existence of hard, massive caliche (CaCO{sub 3}) subsoil which prevent leached oil from reaching deeper horizons, and limited the maximum depth of penetration to 1.75 m. Total volume of soil contaminated reached 22,652,500 m{sup 3} is still causing environmental problems and needs an urgent cleaning and rehabilitation. Kuwait Oil Company has recovered approximately 21 million barrels from the oil lakes since the liberation of Kuwait. In our examined representative soil profiles the oil penetration was not deeper than 45 cm. Infiltration rate, soil permeability, grain size distribution, aggregates formation and water holding capacity were assessed. 15 refs., 5 figs., 5 tabs.

  3. Social and Economic Challenges of Implementing Sustainable Materials on Buildings in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Foraih, R.; Al-Fahad, F.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    building in Kuwait to become a sustainable green building. LEED is still relatively new in Kuwait and the Gulf region, therefore, when certifying an existing governmental building, difficultly is faced with obtaining complete building owners, building upper...

  4. Characterizing Surface Temperature and Clarity of Kuwait's Seawaters Using Remotely Sensed Measurements and GIS Analyses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsahli, Mohammad M. M.

    2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Kuwait sea surface temperature (SST) and water clarity are important water characteristics that influence the entire Kuwait coastal ecosystem. The aim of this project was to study the spatial and temporal distributions of ...

  5. Impact of Kuwait`s oil-fire smoke cloud on the sky of Bahrain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alnaser, W.E. [Univ. of Bahrain (Bahrain)] [Univ. of Bahrain (Bahrain)

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of the Kuwaiti oil well fires of 1991 on the atmospheric parameters of Bahrain (approximately 600 km southeast of Kuwait) were observed. Solar radiation, optical thickness, ultraviolet radiation, horizontal visibility, temperature, and solar spectral distribution were measured for 1991 and compared to the long-term values of 1985-1990. The relative monthly solar radiation in Bahrain was reduced by 8% (February) when 50 oil wells were burning and reduced further to 20% when 470 oil wells were on fire (April-July). In November 1991, when there were 12 oil wells burning, the recorded solar radiation became nearly equal to the long-term average. The monthly average daily optical thickness, {tau}, for the direct or beam solar radiation was calculated. The values of {tau} were found to be larger in 1991 than the average for the years 1985-1990 by nearly 58% during June and returned to normal in October (after nearly all the oil well fires were extinguished). The clear and smoked sky solar spectra distribution were detected before and during the burning of the Kuwait oil wells. Large absorption of the solar radiation was noticed on the 2nd and 3rd of March, 1991. The daily average infrared radiation during 1990 was found to be 6700.4 Whm{sup -2} and shifted to 9182.1 Whm{sup -2} in 1991. Comparison was also made between 1990 and 1991 data of the global solar radiation and the temperature. 13 refs., 12 figs., 1 tab.

  6. Ground level concentration of sulfur dioxide at Kuwait`s major population centers during the oil-field fires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Ajmi, D.N.; Marmoush, Y.R. [Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (Kuwait)] [Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (Kuwait)

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the Iraqi occupation, Kuwait`s oil wells were ignited. the fires were damaging to the country`s oil resources and air quality. The impact of the oil-field fires on the air quality was studied to determine the level of exposure to pollutants in major population centers. The period of July-September 1991 was selected for examination. A mathematical model was used to compute the ground-level concentration isopleths. The results of these computations are supported by significant concentrations measured and reported by the Environmental Protection Council, Kuwait. The ground-level concentrations of sulfur dioxide in the major population centers, whether measure or estimated, were less than the ambient standards of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency`s air pollution index. The dispersive characteristics were classified according to wind conditions. The results of this assessment provide historical data on Kuwait`s oil fires and may be useful in assessing risks resulting from this catastrophe. 6 refs., 10 fig., 2 tab.

  7. Corporate Social Responsibility in Saudi Arabia.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gravem, Ole Magnus Berlin

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Abstrakt Oppgaven utforsker forstĺelsen av bedriftenes samfunnsansvar (CSR) i Saudi Arabia og sammenligner denne forstĺelsen med den internasjonale diskursen av samme felt. For ĺ definere… (more)

  8. MEW Efforts in Reducing Electricity and Water Consumption in Government and Private Sectors in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Tayar, I.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Engineers, membership No. 1715. MEW EFFORTS IN REDUCING ELECTRICITY AND WATER CONSUMPTION IN GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE SECTORS IN KUWAIT Eng. Iqbal Al-Tayar Manager ? Technical Supervision Department Planning and Training Sector Ministry... of Electricity & Water (MEW) - Kuwait Historical Background - Electricity ? In 1913, the first electric machine was installed in Kuwait to operate 400 lambs for Al-Saif Palace. ? In 1934, two electric generators were installed with a total capacity of 60 k...

  9. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria iraq kuwait Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 To: All SEVIS Users Date: May 5, 2011 Summary: , Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Egypt, Eritrea, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya Source: Capecchi,...

  10. Secondary imbibition in NAPL-invaded mixed-wet sediments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patzek, Tadeusz W.

    Secondary imbibition in NAPL-invaded mixed-wet sediments Ahmed Al-Futaisia,b , Tad W. Patzekb to study the spontaneous and forced secondary imbibition of a NAPL-invaded sediment, as in the displacement-wet sediment, i.e., the receding contact angles are very small. However, depending on the surface mineralogy

  11. ORIGINAL PAPER Chinook salmon invade southern South America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, Mart

    ORIGINAL PAPER Chinook salmon invade southern South America Cristia´n Correa � Mart R. Gross We document the invasion of Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) to southern South America. This is the first anadromous salmon species to have invaded such a large range in South America, and it raises many

  12. Saudi Aramco | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant ofRichardton AbbeyA Jump to: navigation, searchSaudi Aramco Jump

  13. Saudi arabia to inject funds into ITFC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    "Saudi Arabian will infuse the Islamic Trade Financing Corporation (ITFC) with SR112.5 million ($30 million). The money will come from the General Investment fund." (1 page)

  14. Saudi Aramco Gas Operations Energy Efficiency Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Dossary, F. S.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Saudi Aramco Gas Operations (GO) created energy efficiency strategies for its 5-year business plan (2011-2015), supported by a unique energy efficiency program, to reduce GO energy intensity by 26% by 2015. The program generated an energy savings...

  15. Architecting the Saudi solar manufacturing : using Enterprise Architecture Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsultan, Bassel F. (Bassel Fahad)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The demand for Saudi oil is increasing locally and internationally, and being one of the major oil exporters in the world, the government of Saudi Arabia needs to balance between local consumption and international demand. ...

  16. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Assessment of Rainfall Augmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Submitted to The Presidency of Meteorology and Environment (PME) Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Through WeatherKingdom of Saudi Arabia Assessment of Rainfall Augmentation 2009 Spring Field Season Final Report performance was very good during the spring 2009 IOP conducted in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Very good instrument

  17. Trace gas measurements in the Kuwait oil fire smoke plume

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luke, W.T.; Kok, G.L.; Schillawski, R.D.; Zimmerman, P.R.; Greenberg, J.P.; Kadavanich, M. [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)

    1992-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors report trace gas measurements made both inside and outside the Kuwait oil-fire smoke plume during a flight of an instrumented research aircraft on May 30, 1991. Concentrations of SO{sub 2}, CO, and NO{sub x} averaged vertically and horizontally throughout the plume 80 km downwind of Kuwait City were 106, 127, and 9.1 parts per billion by volume (ppbv), respectively, above background concentrations. With the exception of SO{sub 2}, trace gas concentrations were far below typical US urban levels and primary national ambient air quality standards. Ambient ozone was titrated by NO in the dark, dense core of the smoke plume close to the fires, and photochemical ozone production was limited to the diffuse edge of the plume. Photochemical O{sub 3} production was noted throughout the plume at a distance of 160 km downwind of Kuwait City, and averaged 2.3 ppbv per hour during the first 3 hours of transport. Little additional photochemical production was noted at a downwind range of 340 km. The fluxes of sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, and reactive nitrogen from the roughly 520 fires still burning on May 30, 1991 are estimated at 1.4 x 10{sup 7} kg SO{sub 2}/d, 6.9 x 10{sup 6} kg CO/d, and 2.7 x 10{sup 5} kg N/d, respectively. Generally low concentrations of CO and NO{sub x} indicate that the combustion was efficient and occurred at low temperatures. Low total nonmethane hydrocarbon concentrations suggest that the volatile components of the petroleum were burned efficiently. 37 refs., 4 figs., 4 tabs.

  18. State of Kuwait Ministry of Oil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende NewSowitec do Brasil Energia AlternativasState of Kuwait

  19. U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Kuwait | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment of Dept. of Energy, Office of Civil Rights,Efficiencyto VisitKuwait

  20. Effect of oil pollution on fresh groundwater in Kuwait

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Sulaimi, J.; Viswanathan, M.N.; Szekely, F. [Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Safat (Kuwait)

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Massive oil fires in Kuwait were the aftermath of the Gulf War. This resulted in the pollution of air, water, and soil, the magnitude of which is unparalleled in the history of mankind. Oil fires damaged several oil well heads, resulting in the flow of oil, forming large oil lakes. Products of combustion from oil well fires deposited over large areas. Infiltrating rainwater, leaching out contaminants from oil lakes and products of combustion at ground surface, can reach the water table and contaminate the groundwater. Field investigations, supported by laboratory studies and mathematical models, show that infiltration of oil from oil lakes will be limited to a depth of about 2 m from ground surface. Preliminary mathematical models showed that contaminated rainwater can infiltrate and reach the water table within a period of three to four days, particularly at the Raudhatain and Umm Al-Aish regions. These are the only regions in Kuwait where fresh groundwater exists. After reaching the water table, the lateral movement of contaminants is expected to be very slow under prevailing hydraulic gradients. Groundwater monitoring at the above regions during 1992 showed minor levels of vanadium, nickel, and total hydrocarbons at certain wells. Since average annual rainfall in the region is only 120 mm/yr, groundwater contamination due to the infiltration of contaminated rainwater is expected to be a long-term one. 13 refs., 15 figs., 2 tabs.

  1. Chemical and physical properties of emissions from Kuwait oil fires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stevens, R.; Pinto, J.; Mamane, Y.; Ondov, J.; Abdulraheem, M.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    After the Iraqi retreat from Kuwait in 1991, airborne sampling was conducted in the oil fire plumes near Kuwait City and ground-level samples were taken of the air within the city. For the airborne sampling, a versatile air pollution sampler was used to determine the SO(2), elemental concentrations, the aerosol mass loadings and SO4(2-) and NO3(1-) concentrations. Striking differences between the black and white plumes were associated with high concentrations of NaCl and CaCl(2) measured in the white plumes and large numbers of carbon chain agglomerates in the black plumes. For the ground-based measurements, an annular denuder system was used to determine levels of SO(2), SO4(2-), trace elements, and mass loadings. Certain pollutant levels rose in the city during inversion conditions, when winds were too weak to continue moving the combustion products directly to the Persian Gulf, and the increased levels of Pb and certain trace elements were comparable to those in other large urban areas in Europe.

  2. Everything depends on the Saudis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sauer, J.W. (Conoco Inc., Houston, TX (US))

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that oil markets are at their lowest level in 18 months, since before the Persian Gulf crisis. What is remarkable is that the world oil industry is producing essentially at capacity, yet OPEC shows no sign of taking advantage of this situation to drive up prices. Rather, commodity market forces are quickly exploiting any short-term surplus or shortage, and the oil market is exposed to continuing price volatility. Oil market uncertainties - the return of Iraqi and Kuwaiti production, prospects for exports from former Soviet republics, and the fragility of economic recovery - appear bigger than normal and threaten to oversupply markets in the spring when oil demand declines seasonally. The downward trend in world oil prices that began in November may continue into the second quarter of 1992. However, by the second half an economic recovery may be underway. If that happens, demand should grow and the market firm. At any rate, prices in 1992 may be more stable than commonly expected, because Saudi Arabia does not seem to want prices much above or below 1991 levels. That would be a range of $20 - $21 for WTI.

  3. Weevils successfully destroy acres of lake-invading plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    28 tx H2O Fall 2012 Story by Kathy Wythe Through a statewide giant salvinia management program, a weevil that feeds exclusively on giant salvinia successfully destroyed about #28;#18;#29; acres of the invasive plant on B.A. Steinhagen Lake...Life Extension Service and Texas Weevils successfully destroy acres of lake-invading plant A&M AgriLife Research are working in Texas to control giant salvinia, a free-#23;oating aquatic fern native to South America. #31;e plant has invaded #28;#14; Texas...

  4. Implementation of Simple Measures for Savings Water and Energy Consumption in Kuwait Government Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albaharani, H.; Al-Mulla, A.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper gives in details the efforts made by the Public Services Department (PSD) to reduce water and energy consumptions in the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labour's (MOSAL) buildings in Kuwait. PSD manages around 125 buildings distributed...

  5. International project finance : the case of Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Jassar, Sulaiman Ahmed

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the record of the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development (KFAED) in light of changing fashions regarding the proper role and management of such funds in the development finance process. The key ...

  6. Lake Wauburg Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United

  7. Pool Party TheELIWeekly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Dominican Republic Ecuador Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Nigeria Pakistan Qatar Saudi Arabia Senegal

  8. Halloween Birthdays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Korea Kuwait Libya Oman Paraguay Qatar Saudi Arabia Taiwan Turkey UAE Venezuela The Weekly Newsletter

  9. Ozone chemistry in the smoke from the Kuwait oil fires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Herring, J.A.; Hobbs, P.V. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)

    1992-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Ozone depletion occurred in the core of the plume of smoke from the Kuwait oil fires within 100 km of the fires, primarily in regions where NO{sub x} concentrations were high and ultraviolet flux was near zero. Rapid conversion of NO to NO{sub 2} can explain almost all of the ozone loss. Ozone was produced in diffuse regions of the plume, where the ultraviolet flux was higher than in the core. However, due to the relatively high ratio of nonmethane hydrocarbons to NO{sub x}, ozone production was slow. Since ozone was produced in a much larger volume than it was depleted, the plume as a whole was a source of ozone on a regional scale. 27 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  10. Ecology and Restoration of Invaded Ecosystems FOR 4934 (3 credits)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slatton, Clint

    Ecology and Restoration of Invaded Ecosystems FOR 4934 (3 credits) Spring 2014 Course Description This advanced ecosystem management course will begin with an overview of the ecological basis for plant in ecology and applied plant science, graduate students in the Masters of Science, Ecological Restoration

  11. Ecology and Restoration of Invaded Ecosystems FOR 6934 (3 credits)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    Ecology and Restoration of Invaded Ecosystems FOR 6934 (3 credits) Spring 2014 Course Description This advanced ecosystem management course will begin with an overview of the ecological basis for plant in ecology and applied plant science, graduate students in the Masters of Science, Ecological Restoration

  12. Port employment in eastern Saudi Arabia: problems and prospects.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Nughimshi, Abdullah M

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Social, cultural and economic influences have combined to create a shortage of national manpower in Saudi Arabia. This study aims to investigate the extent of… (more)

  13. area saudi arabia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Saudi Arabia Hotel Industry CiteSeer Summary: Abstract The costs of resources and impacts of waste could obviously affect the revenue, public image and environmental...

  14. NASA Remote Sensing Validation Data: Saudi Arabia

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Myers, Daryl R. (NREL); Al-Abbadi,Naif (King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Energy Research Institite); Wilcox, Steve (NREL)

    Since 1995, the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have co-operated to establish a 12 station network of high quality solar radiation monitoring installations across the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. NREL and KACST realized the value of accurate surface solar radiation flux measurements for validation of satellite derived surface and atmospheric solar radiation flux measurements, and is making this data available to support validation of satellite data products related to the NASA Mission to Planet Earth component of the Earth Science Enterprise Earth Observing System (EOS) project to evaluate long term climate trends based on measuements from EOS Terra Platforms. A CIMEL 8 channel sunphotometer for measuring aerosol optical depth at 6 wavelengths and total column water has been deployed at the Solar Village station since February 24, 1999. [Taken from http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/new_data/Saudi_Arabia/

  15. The education of women in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quintanilla, Linda Jean

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    conscious of its position of religious leadership among Islamic nations. This position is reinforced annually, as millions of Muslims undertake the ~ha , or pilgrimage, to Mecca. Saudi Arabia is especially sensitive to any charges of deviating from... traditional Islamic beliefs. Such criticism has come from the Shiite regime in Iran under Ayatullah Ruhullan Khomeini. Khomeini has been vocal in urging Muslims to revolt against "unrighteous" governments. (6) As a consequence, Islamic nations with sizable...

  16. Studies of the Kuwait oil fire plume during midsummer 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daum, P.H.; Al-Sunaid, A.; Busness, K.M.; Hales, J.M.; Mazurek, M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

    1993-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports aircraft observations of the Kuwait oil fire plume conducted during the period July 31-August 17, 1991. During this study the plume was transported almost exclusively to the south of Kuwait over the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Peninsula. The plume base was generally found to be well above the surface, in some cases as high as 1-2 km; plume tops did not exceed 5 km. Aerosol mass (based on measured aerosol constituents) in the central section of the plume, ca. 150-200 km downwind of the source region, was found to be >500 {mu}g/m{sup 3}, with number densities in the size range (approximate) 0.2 < d < 3 {mu}m (where d is diameter) as high as 30,000/cm{sup 3}. The aerosol was composed of (in order of approximate contribution to mass) inorganic salts, elemental carbon, and organic carbon. Sodium chloride constituted a surprisingly large component of the soluble inorganic mass. The aerosol particles appeared to function as good cloud condensation nuclei, with a large fraction of accumulation mode particles (by number) activated at a supersaturation of 0.6%. Under conditions in which the plume was relatively compact, transmittance of solar radiation to the surface was only 10-20%. Plume albedo was observed to be as low as 2-3% close to the source region, consistent with the high elemental-carbon concentrations present in the plume. Trace gas concentrations were consistent with fuel composition and with current knowledge of atmospheric chemical processes. Sulfur dioxide concentrations close to the source region were found to be as high as 300-400 ppb. The emissions factor for S (expressed as a percentage) was estimated to be 1.8%, which is consistent with estimates of a fuel sulfur content of 2-2.5%. SO{sub 2} was found to be only slowly oxidized (<1%/h). Nitrogen oxide concentrations were found to be quite low (<50 ppb near the source, decreasing to 1-2 ppb well downwind), which is consistent with a crude oil nitrogen source. 32 refs., 15 figs., 7 tabs.

  17. Chemical composition of emissions from the Kuwait oil fires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferek, R.J.; Hobbs, P.V.; Herring, J.A. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Laursen, K.K. [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States); Weiss, R.E. [Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology, Beaverton, OR (United States); Rasmussen, R.A. [Radiance Research, Inc., Seattle, WA (United States)

    1992-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Airborne measurements in the smoke from the Kuwait oil fires in May and June 1991 indicate that the combined oil and gas emissions were equivalent to the consumption of about 4.6 million barrels of oil per day. The combustion was relatively efficient, with about 96% of the fuel carbon burned emitted as CO{sub 2}. Particulate smoke emissions averaged 2% of the fuel burned, of which about 20% was soot. About two-thirds of the mass of the smoke was accounted for by salt, soot, and sulfate. The salt most likely originated from oil field brines, which were ejected from the wells along with the oil. The salt accounts for the fact that many of the plumes were white. SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x} were removed from the smoke at rates of about 6 and 22% per hour, respectively. The high salt and sulfate contents explain why a large fraction of the particles in the smoke were efficient cloud condensation nuclei. 14 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  18. Taking stock of Saddam's fiery legacy in Kuwait

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffman, M.

    1991-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Six months after Saddam Hussein's torching of more than 700 Kuwaiti oil wells, health officials, meteorologists, and environmental experts convened during mid-August in Cambridge, Massachusetts, to assess the impact of the fires. The soot cloud produced by the fires hasn't produced a nuclear winter, nor are the carbon dioxide and other gases released going to have an appreciable effect on global warming, although regional weather changes are possible. So far adverse health effects from the heavy pall of pollution caused by the fires have been surprisingly mild. This isn't to say that premature deaths will not occur, but many scientists had feared much worse. Nevertheless, all researchers concede that the data for this particular conclusion are still preliminary, and they expressed concerns that health problems may worsen in the coming months. Most of the health effects are expected in a region blanketed by a plume of smoke 800 to 1,000 kilometers long. The average concentrations of the primary pollutants it contains, carbon-based particles and sulfur dioxide, are similar to those in any large urban center. Still, the oil fires increase the pollution burden on Kuwait, which already had a problem with particulates in the air, and some epidemiologists expect that the extra pollutants will take their toll.

  19. Optical extinction of smoke from the Kuwait oil fires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weiss, R.E. [Radiance Research, Inc., Seattle, WA (United States); Hobbs, P.V. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)

    1992-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Aircraft-based measurements of optical extinction, optical scattering, and particle mass concentrations were obtained in the smoke from the Kuwait oil fires during May and June 1991. These measurements were used to derive optical absorption, single-scattering albedo ({anti {omega}}), specific absorption and the amount of soot in the smoke. Measurements were made in smoke from individual oil wells, pool fires and in composite smoke plumes. The value of {anti {omega}} for smoke from the individual fires was either 0.35-0.4 (for the black smoke) or 0.85-0.95 (for the white smoke). For the aged composite plume from all of the fires, {anti {omega}} ranged from 0.52 to 0.6. The specific absorption of the composite smoke varied from about 2 m{sup 2} g{sup {minus}1} near the fires to about 1.5 m{sup 2} g{sup {minus}1} well downwind. 8 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  20. Green Classroom: Daylighting-conscious Design for Kuwait Autism Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdullah Al-mohaisen; Omar Khattab

    Consideration to the natural elements, such as daylighting, at the earliest in the architectural design process is suggested by many as necessary for sustainable buildings. The implementation of a successful daylighting strategy in the design of buildings improves spatial quality and saves energy required, otherwise, for artificial lighting. Daylighting becomes a design mandate in the case of certain spaces; e.g. classrooms in educational buildings. Many researchers have indicated a correlation between the way classrooms are designed and students ' performance. This paper discusses a case study of the environmental design of Kuwait Autism Centre that adopted the provision of adequate daylighting in educational spaces as a major design focus. An extensive daylighting evaluation was conducted on all educational facilities of the proposed conceptual design of the centre. The recommendations from the evaluation were implemented in the design development stages. Earlier conceptual design drawings as well as the final designs are described. The paper summarises the daylighting design recommendations and explains the daylighting simulation process and analysis for decision making in design. Additionally it shows the annual energy savings as a result of the daylighting-conscious design of the classrooms.

  1. Greater Burgan of Kuwait: world's second largest oil field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Youash, Y.Y.

    1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Greater Burgan (Main burgan, Magwa, and Ahmadi) field is located in the Arabian Platform geologic province and the stable shelf tectonic environment of the Mesopotamian geosyncline, a sedimentary basin extending from the Arabian shield on the west to the complexly folded and faulted Zagros Mountains on the east. The structural development in Cretaceous time represents a major anticlinorium bounded by a basin to the west and a synclinorium to the east. Greater Burgan is located within this anticlinorium. The field consists of three dome structures 25 km wide and 65 km long with gentle dips of only few degrees. Faults have little throw and did not contribute to the trapping mechanism. The structural deformation may have been caused by halokinetic movements and most likely by basement block faulting that may have started in the Paleozoic. Greater Burgan was discovered in 1938. All production during the last 40 years has been by its natural pressure. Although natural gas injection has been carried out for some time, no waterflooding has been initiated yet. Recoverable reserves of the field are 87 billion bbl of oil. During the last 5 years giant reserves have been added in this field from the deeper strata of Jurassic age. Several deep wells have been drilled to the Permian for the purpose of discovering gas. So far, no Permian gas has been found in Kuwait. The Permian is 25,000 ft deep, and it is unlikely gas will be found there in the future. However, the potential of the Jurassic reservoirs will be a major target in the future. Also, there is a great possibility of discovering oil in stratigraphic traps, as several producing strata in the nearby fields pinch out on the flanks of this giant structure. Enhanced oil recovery should add significant reserves in the future.

  2. Saudi Electricity Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant ofRichardton AbbeyA Jump to: navigation, searchSaudi Aramco

  3. NNSA Signs Memorandum with Kuwait to Increase Cooperation on Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Thomas D'Agostino

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On June 23, 2010, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) signed a Memorandum of Cooperation on nuclear safeguards and other nonproliferation topics with the Kuwait National Nuclear Energy Committee (KNNEC). NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino and KNNEC's Secretary General, Dr. Ahmad Bishara, signed the memorandum at a ceremony at U.S. Department of Energy headquarters in Washington.

  4. Recommendations for Future Research in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Recommendations for Future Research in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia David J. Delene Atmospheric Sciences Department University of North Dakota #12;Motivation for Weather Modification Research Water Resource Stresses Severe Weather Hazards Inadvertent Weather Modification New Observational, Computational

  5. King Fahd University of Petroleum & Dhahran -Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almulhem, Ahmad

    King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals Dhahran - Saudi Arabia Faculty Promotion Regulations of the individual's academic accomplishments and achivements. King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM considered in promotion. The university shall use the promotion process to encourage academic excellence

  6. Support for court-yard houses : Riyad, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbar, Jamel A

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this report is to explore the application of the support concept in the Saudi Arabian context, as a result of the author's interest in the concept of user participation. To do so, the following steps were ...

  7. Another Viewpoint (AVP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuma, Elias H

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the oil wells and installations in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait andKuwait, or simply assure relatively cheap supplies of oil? Some of these objectives, if well

  8. Sustainable water resources development in Kuwait : an integrated approach with comparative analysis of the case of Singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nazerali, Nasruddin A

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis assesses the water resource status of Kuwait and Singapore, both countries considered as water scarce. The institutional aspect of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) efforts in both countries is closely ...

  9. An examination of the perceived need and recommended body of knowledge for architectural internship programs in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdullah, Mohammad

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    AN EXAMINATION OF THE PERCEIVED NEED AND RECOMMENDED BODY OF KNOWLEDGE FOR ARCHITECTURAL INTERNSHIP PROGRAMS IN KUWAIT A Dissertation by MOHAMMAD ABDULLAH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A... INTERNSHIP PROGRAMS IN KUWAIT A Dissertation by MOHAMMAD ABDULLAH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Chair...

  10. Trajectory Analysis of Saudi Arabian Dust Storms 1 Michael Notaro 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    1 Trajectory Analysis of Saudi Arabian Dust Storms 1 2 Michael-Atmospheres 11 12 Abstract 13 14 Temporal and spatial characteristics of Saudi, are investigated using station and gridded weather 16 observations and remotely

  11. From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela: Energy Resources, Market Factors & ConflictsEnergy Resources, Market Factors & Conflicts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela: Energy Resources, Market Factors & ConflictsEnergy Resources, or in U.S. relations with Venezuela, Russia, China, Saudi Arabia, Israel and Nigeria? We will analyze

  12. Impact of Alien Plant Invaders on Pollination Networks in Two Archipelagos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Traveset, Anna

    Impact of Alien Plant Invaders on Pollination Networks in Two Archipelagos Benigno Padro´ n1-modal) networks. We focus on the invader Opuntia spp., a cosmopolitan alien cactus. We compare two island systems. Citation: Padro´n B, Traveset A, Biedenweg T, Di´az D, Nogales M, et al. (2009) Impact of Alien Plant

  13. The acoustical performance of mosques' main prayer hall geometry in the eastern province, Saudi arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    arabia H. Hossam Eldien and H. Al Qahtani Dammam Univ., P O Box 2397, 31451 Dammam, Saudi Arabia hany

  14. Emission factors for particles, elemental carbon, and trace gases from the Kuwait oil fires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laursen, K.K.; Ferek, R.J.; Hobbs, P.V. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Rasmussen, R.A. [Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology, Beaverton, OR (United States)

    1992-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Emission factors are presented for particles, elemental carbon (i.e., soot), total organic carbon in particles and vapor, and for various trace gases from the 1991 Kuwait oil fires. Particle emissions accounted for {approximately} 2% of the fuel burned. In general, soot emission factors were substantially lower than those used in recent {open_quotes}nuclear winter{close_quotes} calculations. Differences in the emissions and appearances of some of the individual fires are discussed. Carbon budget data for the composite plumes from the Kuwait fires are summarized; most of the burned carbon in the plumes was in the form of CO{sub 2}. Fluxes are presented for several combustion products. 26 refs., 1 fig., 5 tabs.

  15. Assessment of damage to the desert surfaces of Kuwait due to the Gulf War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Baz, F. (Boston Univ., MA (United States). Center for Remote Sensing); Al-Ajmi, D. (Kuwait Inst. for Scientific Research (Kuwait). Environmental and Earth Sciences Div.)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a preliminary report on a joint research project by Boston University and the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research that commenced in April 1992. The project aim is to establish the extent and nature of environmental damage to the desert surface and coastal zone of Kuwait due to the Gulf War and its aftermath. Change detection image enhancement techniques were employed to enhance environmental change by comparison of Landsat Thematic Mapper images obtained before the wars and after the cessation of the oil and well fires. Higher resolution SPOT images were also utilized to evaluate the nature of the environmental damage to specific areas. The most prominent changes were due to: (1) the deposition of oil and course-grained soot on the desert surface as a result of oil rain'' from the plume that emanated from the oil well fires; (2) the formation of hundreds of oil lakes, from oil seepage at the damaged oil well heads; (3) the mobilization of sand and dust and (4) the pollution of segments of the coastal zone by the deposition of oil from several oil spills. Interpretation of satellite image data are checked in the field to confirm the observations, and to assess the nature of the damage. Final results will be utilized in establishing the needs for remedial action to counteract the harmful effects of the various types of damage to the environment of Kuwait.

  16. Measurement of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations in the plume of Kuwait oil well fires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olsen, K.B.; Wright, C.W.; Veverka, C. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Ball, J.C. [Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, MI (United States). Scientific Research Lab.; Stevens, R. [US Environmental Protection Agency (United States). Atmospheric Research and Exposure Assessment Lab.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Following their retreat from Kuwait during February and March of 1991, the Iraqi Army set fire to over 500 oil wells dispersed throughout the Kuwait oil fields. During the period of sampling from July to August 1991, it was estimated that between 3.29 {times} 10{sup 6} barrels per day of crude oil were combusted. The resulting fires produced several plumes of black and white smoke that coalesced to form a composite ``super`` plume. Because these fires were uncontrolled, significant quantities of organic materials were dispersed into the atmosphere and drifted throughout the Middle East. The organic particulants associated with the plume of the oil well fires had a potential to be rich in polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) compounds. Based on the extreme mutagenic and carcinogenic activities of PAHs found in laboratory testing, a serious health threat to the population of that region potentially existed. Furthermore, the Kuwait oil fire plumes represented a unique opportunity to study the atmospheric chemistry associated with PAHs in the plume. If samples were collected near the plume source and from the plume many kilometers downwind from the source, comparisons could be made to better understand atmospheric reactions associated with particle-bound and gas-phase PAHs. To help answer health-related concerns and to better understand the fate and transport of PAHs in an atmospheric environment, a sampling and analysis program was developed.

  17. E-Print Network 3.0 - alien plant invaders Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alien plant invaders Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 5) Management a) How big of a problem is...

  18. Gamification to Improve Adherence to Diabeteic Treatment in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gamification to Improve Adherence to Diabeteic Treatment in Saudi Arabia Alaa Abdullah Al, proposes the first Arabic system for managing diabetes using gamification. Keywords-component; Diabetes; Gamification; Self-Care; e- Healthcare I. INTRODUCTION Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common illnesses

  19. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE IN THE KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Zaid, Ahmad Abdulaziz

    2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    , Companies Act's provisions which describe the function, effect, scope and what they fall short of by themselves and/or within other rules forming the system of corporate governance in Saudi Arabia. In addition, there has been little to no treatment...

  20. Renewable Energy Scenarios for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    Renewable Energy Scenarios for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Yasser Al-Saleh, Paul Upham and Khaleel Malik October 2008 Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research Working Paper 125 #12;Renewable Energy compromising those of future generations. Renewable energy technologies, in particular, are becoming

  1. KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & MINERALS Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

    Rocks By Dr. Sidqi A. Abu-Khamsin Professor, Department of Petroleum Engineering © Copyright by Dr;1. INTRODUCTION 1.1: The nature of petroleum All chemical compounds found in nature are classified as eitherKING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & MINERALS Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Basic Properties of Reservoir

  2. Middle Cretaceous (Cenomanian Ostracoda from the Wasia Formation of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Furiah, A. A. F.

    1983-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    producers of oil in of wells from which ostracodes were recovered. Fig. 1. Location 38° 39° 2 The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions—Paper 108 Bahrain, Kuwait, and Iraq. (For more strat- igraphic details see Powers and other, 1966; Powers... producers of oil in of wells from which ostracodes were recovered. Fig. 1. Location 38° 39° 2 The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions—Paper 108 Bahrain, Kuwait, and Iraq. (For more strat- igraphic details see Powers and other, 1966; Powers...

  3. Radiative effects of the smoke clouds from the Kuwait oil fires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pilewskie, P.; Valero, F.P.J. [NASA/Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA (United States)

    1992-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The radiative effects of the smoke from the Kuwait oil fires were assessed by measuring downwelling and upwelling solar flux, as well as spectral solar extinction beneath, above, and within the smoke plume. Seven radiation flight missions were undertaken between May 16 and June 2, 1991, to characterize the plume between the source region in Kuwait and approximately 200 km south, near Manama, Bahrain. The authors present results from one flight representative of conditions of the composite plume. On May 18, 1991, in a homogeneous, well-mixed region of smoke approximately 100 km downstream of the fires, visible optical depths as high as 2 were measured, at which time transmission to the surface was 8%, while 78% of the solar radiation was absorbed by the smoke. The calculated instantaneous heating rate inside the plume reached 24 K/d. While these effects are probably typical of those regions in the Persian Gulf area directly covered by the smoke, there is no evidence to suggest significant climatic effects in other regions. 13 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  4. Geological model of the Jurassic section in the State of Kuwait

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yousif, S.; Nouman, G.

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Until the end of the seventies, the knowledge of Jurassic Geology in the State of Kuwait was very limited, since only one deep well was drilled and bottomed in the Triassic sediments. Few scattered wells partially penetrated the Jurassic sequence. During the eighties, appreciable number of wells were drilled through the Jurassic, and added a remarkable volume of information. consequently it was necessary to analyze the new data, in order to try to construct a geological model for the Jurassic in the State of Kuwait. This paper includes a number of isopach maps explaining the Jurassic depositional basin which also helps in trying to explain the Jurassic basin in the Arabian Gulf basin. Structural evolution of the Jurassic sequence indicated an inversion of relief when compared with the Cretaceous sequence. In fact, the main Cretaceous arches were sites of sedimentation troughs during the Jurassic period. This fact marks a revolution in the concepts for the Jurassic oil exploration. One of the very effective methods of the definition of the Jurassic structures is the isopaching of the Gotnia Formation. Najmah, Sargelu and Marrat Formations include the main Jurassic reservoirs which were detected as a result of the exploration activities during the eighties. Selective stratigraphic and structural cross sections have been prepared to demonstrate and explain the nature of the Jurassic sediments.

  5. Soils and agricultural development in the region of Al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Jerash, Mohammed Abdullah

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The process of agricultural development and its related problems is. a serious economic difficulty facing the developing countries throughout the world. In Saudi Arabia such… (more)

  6. The participation of women in Saudi Arabia's economy: Obstacles and prospects.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Dehailan, Salman Saleh

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Low female labour force participation has been one of the main characteristics of the Saudi labour market over the last fifty years. This study is… (more)

  7. Identification of Business Opportunities within the solar industry for Saudi Arabian Companies.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Retana Herrera, Julio

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?? This master thesis report presents a prefeasibility analysis for a Saudi Company to enter the solar industry.Section one of this report illustrates the value… (more)

  8. Saudi-Arabias forverrede forhold til Iran etter 2011. : En konsekvens av řkte indre spenninger?.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grimsrud, Siri

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Helt siden den islamske revolusjonen i Iran i 1979 har relasjonen mellom Saudi-Arabia og Iran vćrt preget av spenning. Begge landene řnsker, ved ĺ spre… (more)

  9. Implementation of Smart Operation Strategies for Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems for Ministries Complex in the State of Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Mulla, A.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Al-Nakib, D.; Ishaqali, H.

    The smart operation strategies were implemented for Air-Conditioning (A/C) and lighting systems to reduce the national load at Ministries Complex (MC) in the state of Kuwait. The A/C system in MC is a district cooling system that comprises of 8...

  10. Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar PowerstoriesNrelPartnerTypePonsa, Mallorca: Energy ResourcesSaudi Aramco Mobile

  11. Dhahran, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/CuriumSunwaysDatang ChifengDhahran, Saudi Arabia: Energy

  12. Assessing temporal and spatial variations in atmospheric dust over Saudi Arabia through satellite, radiometric, and station data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    1 Assessing temporal and spatial variations in atmospheric dust over Saudi Arabia through satellite Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia #12;2 Abstract1 Temporal and spatial variations in atmospheric dust over Saudi Arabia are studied for 2000-20102 using satellite and ground-based Aerosol Optical

  13. Neutral zone: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on the Neutral Zone between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, much in the news during the Gulf war, that returned to production in June when offshore output resumed at a rate of 100,000 bpd. By this month, offshore production should have attained near its pre-war level of 250,000 bpd. Because of war damage onshore, production will not be restarted onshore for some time. Neutral Zone oil is jointly owned by Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. Texaco's Getty unit operates some 900 mostly pumping wells in South Umm Gudair, Wafra and South Fawaris onshore fields. However, only about 50 were producing 130,000 bpd last August when Iraqis invaded. Japan's Arabian Oil Co. operates 165 wells-all flowing-in offshore Khafji, Hout and Lulu fields that have a maximum productive capacity of about 300,000 bpd.

  14. AUSTRALIA BELGIUM CHINA FRANCE GERMANY HONG KONG SAR INDONESIA (ASSOCIATED OFFICE) ITALY JAPAN PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES

  15. Enclosed and open spaces in the arid region-Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Talib, K.; Al-Zamil, A.A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Study of the enclosed (sheltered) and open (unsheltered) spaces in two tradiational and three-contemporary settlements in Saudi Arabia - comparative analysis of micro climatic conditions - solar exposure - analysis of the differences in the design approaches of the old and new ''modern'' developments - recommendations for the appropriate approach to the design of enclosed and open spaces in the arid regions of Saudi Arabia.

  16. Influence of mineralogy on swelling and consolidation of soils in eastern Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Influence of mineralogy on swelling and consolidation of soils in eastern Saudi Arabia Shahid Azam Saudi Arabia. Mineralogical evolution and engineering behaviour of such soils are governed by local investigations, this paper discusses the influence of mineralogy on swelling and consolidation of expansive clay

  17. Comparing methods for measuring the rate of spread of invading populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liebhold, Andrew

    with known theoretical spread rates over a hypothetical region where a set of sampling points are distributed as well as the shape of the invaded area and then compare how different spread rate measurement methods biology, and in particular on the factors influencing spread into new environments (Sharov et al. 1999

  18. Invadable Self-Assembly: Combining Robustness with Efficiency Ho-Lin Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goel, Ashish

    Invadable Self-Assembly: Combining Robustness with Efficiency Ho-Lin Chen Stanford University Qi California Pablo Moisset de Espan´es ¶ University of Southern California Abstract DNA self-assembly. In nature, DNA self-assembly is often equipped with explicit mechanisms for both error prevention and error

  19. For the past 26 years, robots have invaded Caltech each spring to battle for their makers'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the "placebos," robots designed by the teaching assistants and used to round out a bracket when there was an oddFor the past 26 years, robots have invaded Caltech each spring to battle for their makers' bragging teams of undergrads competed in an "extreme recy- cling" challenge that pitted pairs of robotic vehicles

  20. Predicting Incursion of Plant Invaders into Kruger National Park, South Africa: The Interplay of General

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KratochvĂ­l, Lukas

    Predicting Incursion of Plant Invaders into Kruger National Park, South Africa: The Interplay, South African National Parks, Skukuza, South Africa, 4 Centre for Invasion Biology, Department of Botany and Zoology, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa, 5 Department of Plant Science, University

  1. Chain-aggregate aerosols in smoke from the Kuwait oil fires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weiss, R.E. [Radiance Research, Inc., Seattle, WA (United States); Kapustin, V.N. [Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Hobbs, P.V. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)

    1992-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrooptical scattering was used to detect aggregated particle chains in the smoke from the Kuwait oil fires. Nonsphericity was detected by the change in light scattering brought about by induced alignment of particles when subjected to a pulsed, bipolar electric field. Measured parameters included the steady state enhancement of light scattering for complete orientation of the particles, and the rotational diffusion constant, calculated from the time required for the particles to relax to a random orientation after the electric field was removed. Chain aggregates of soot formed within seconds of combustion for those fires producing black smoke. These aggregates agglomerated to some extent in the smoke near the fires, but then remained relatively unchanged for several hours of travel downwind. Very little nonsphericity was detected for particles in the plume of white smoke, which consisted primarily of salt brine products emitted along with the oil. 10 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  2. An approach to predict tarmat breakdown in Minagish Reservoir in Kuwait

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osman, M.E.

    1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Minagish Oolite reservoir, Minagish Field in Kuwait is characterized by tarmat presence at the oil-water contact. A water flooding project is planned for the reservoir. This paper discusses the possibility of tarmat break-down upon water injection below it. It was found that differential pressure at tarmat would be mainly due to water injection and that differential pressure due to oil production would be negligible. This paper suggests a technique to predict tarmat break-down time, response time at the nearest producer or observation well and the time at which water injection should be switched from below tarmat to above it. Also, the technique could be used to predict the differential pressure at tarmat anywhere in the reservoir.

  3. Variable-base heating and cooling degree-day data for 24 Saudi Arabian cities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Homoud, M.S. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia). Dept. of Architectural Engineering

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Degree-day data are fundamental for simplified energy calculations. For Saudi Arabia the data necessary for simplified energy analysis are lacking, and the need of designers, engineers, and researchers in the building sector for such data as heating and cooling degree-days is growing. Weather data are available for many Saudi cities but not in a format usable by building designers and engineers. This paper presents variable-base heating and cooling degree-days is growing. Weather data are available for many Saudi cities but not in a format usable by building designers and engineers. This paper presents variable-base heating and cooling degree-day data for 24 Saudi locations based on long-term monthly average temperatures. These data will be of great help in performing simplified energy calculations for Saudi buildings.

  4. Petroleum prices and profits in the 90 days following the invasion of Kuwait

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For the third in the past 20 years the world has experienced an interruption in the flow of oil from the Persian Gulf. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990, and shut down of Kuwait oil production capacity followed by the United Nations boycott of Iraqi oil removed 8 percent of the world's oil supply. The result was a sharp increase in the process of crude oil and petroleum products. These events raised numerous questions about the performance of energy markets and energy firms. This report supplies a first answer for some of those questions. At the time this report was prepared the invasion has been in effect for 90 days. Not all the data is available to fully answer every question. Some issues can only be completely resolved after more time has passed in which the invasion and its effects have had an opportunity to be fully assimilated. This report was specifically requested by W. Henson Moore, Deputy Secretary of Energy as a way of supplying the American public with what could be said about the current situation. Rumors abound and mixconceptions have proliferated. This report strives to give a proper perspective on some of the more vexing issues which the invasion produced. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) has addressed many questions in this report. By the way of summary these are the 10 most most frequently asked questions and EIA's quick answers. The page references tell the reader where to look in the report for further explanation. These are not the only issues addressed and EIA hopes that readers will be able to satisfy their curiosity about their own questions within the pages of this report.

  5. A passive solar test facility for Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woods, P.K.

    1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A passive solar test facility has been designed for Dammam, Saudi Arabia. It will be located on the campus of King Faisal University, adjacent to the Persian Gulf. This maritime desert climate is terribly sevre, and one for which it is a formidable challenge to design a year around thermally efficient building. This facility incorporates seven different passive strategies: proper orientation, operable shading for windows, flow-through ventilation, externally insulated thermal mass, wind tower with direct evaporative cooling, indirect evaporative cooling through a double shell, and solar water heating. Construction should begin in June of 1983. Upon completion, the building will be monitored for at least two years.

  6. Operational results from the Saudi Solar Village Photovoltaic power system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huraib, F.; Al-Sani, A.; Khoshami, B.H.

    1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The world's largest photovoltaic power system was carried into the operation phase a few months ago. This system was developed and fabricated in the United States and it is providing electrical energy to three remote villages in Saudi Arabia. The facility includes a 350 kW photovoltaic array, 1-MW diesel powered generator, 1100 kWH lead acid batteries, a 300 KVA inverter and a solar weather data monitoring station. The photovoltaic power system is capable of completely automatic operation. It is designed to operate in stand-alone and cogeneration modes of operation.

  7. Sale of US military aircraft to Saudi Arabia. Master`s thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bents, E.R.

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The end of the Cold War in the late 1980s resulted in a gigantic downsizing and consolidation of America`s defense industries, as domestic demand plummeted and the volume of international arms trading fell. However, in total world arms exports the United States exports more arms than any other nation. The country of Saudi Arabia has been the destination of a disproportionate amount of these weapons. The following account is an examination of the US military aerospace industry, the world military aerospace market, US government policy concerning arms exports, and the Saudi aerospace market. Each of these entities profoundly impacts US-Saudi military aerospace commerce. By individually analyzing the above factors, it will be demonstrated that the supply relationship between the US and Saudi Arabia is dependent on the convergence of several long standing and deep seated aspirations on the part of the three major players: the US Aerospace Industry, the US Government, and the Saudi Government. The US military aerospace industry`s exports are critical to ensure its independent survival, help fund crucial RD programs, and maintain a viable defense high tech industrial base in the U.S. In addition, it wishes to exert a military presence in the Gulf area and nurture relations with Saudi Arabia in particular, as the world`s leading oil producer. The Saudi government requires a military defense anchored in high tech aerospace systems, as well as a dependable and capable military ally such as the US.

  8. Composition analyses of size-resolved aerosol samples taken from aircraft downwind of Kuwait, Spring 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cahill, T.A.; Wilkinson, K. [Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States); Schnell, R. [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)

    1992-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Analyses are reported for eight aerosol samples taken from the National Center for Atmospheric Research Electra typically 200 to 250 km downwind of Kuwait between May 19 and June 1, 1991. Aerosols were separated into fine (D{sub p} < 2.5 {mu}m) and coarse (2.5 < D{sub p} 10 {mu}m) particles for optical, gravimetric, X ray and nuclear analyses, yielding information on the morphology, mass, and composition of aerosols downwind of Kuwait. The mass of coarse aerosols ranged between 60 and 1971 {mu}g/m{sup 3} and, while dominated by soil derived aerosols, contained considerable content of sulfates and salt (NaCl) and soot in the form of fluffy agglomerates. The mass of fine aerosols varied between 70 and 785 {mu}g/m{sup 3}, of which about 70% was accounted for via compositional analyses performed in vacuum. While most components varied greatly from flight to flight, organic matter and fine soils each accounted for about 1/4 of the fine mass, while salt and sulfates contributed about 10% and 7%, respectively. The Cl/S ratios were remarkably constant, 2.4 {+-} 1.2 for coarse particles and 2.0 {+-} 0.2 for fine particles, with one flight deleted in each case. Vanadium, when observed, ranged from 9 to 27 ng/m{sup 3}, while nickel ranged from 5 to 25 ng/m{sup 3}. In fact, fine sulfates, vanadium, and nickel occurred in levels typical of Los Angeles, California, during summer 1986. The V/Ni ratio, 1.7 {+-} 0.4, was very similar to the ratios measured in fine particles from combusted Kuwaiti oil, 1.4 {+-} 0.9. Bromine, copper, zinc, and arsenic/lead were also observed at levels between 2 and 190 ng/m{sup 3}. The presence of massive amounts of fine, typically alkaline soils in the Kuwaiti smoke plumes significantly modified their behavior and probably mitigated their impacts, locally and globally. 16 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.

  9. Airborne dust in Saudi Arabia : source areas, entrainment, simulation and composition.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alharbi, Badr Hadhidh A

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Spatial and temporal characteristics of dust storm activity in Saudi Arabia has been established using coarse-particle (PM10) dust concentrations recorded by the KACST monitoring network… (more)

  10. The lifestyle and health of Saudi women with special reference to type 2 diabetes mellitus.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Bannay, Hana

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Although the health of Saudi women has been severely compromised by lifestyle-related conditions like Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM), this topic has been understudied particularly… (more)

  11. Renewable success : development of good architecture in the case of Arriyadh Development Authority, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alkhabbaz, Mohammed H

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ArRiyadh Development Authority (ADA) is an unusual city development authority within the Saudi Arabian government hierarchy. Part of its responsibilities is coordinating and overseeing the design and building of buildings ...

  12. Aggregate model and analysis of the energy dynamics in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ahmed, Khalid A. (Khalid Abdulrahim)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is facing a crisis in the near future centered on increasing energy consumption. Today, the kingdom consumes approximately 1/3 of its oil production. If no action is taken and the kingdom continues ...

  13. The meeting point : rethinking public space in the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abuzeid, Reem

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Can urban intervention affect social behaviors within a city? And if so, what happens when that city is partial to cultural restrictions? The target in question here is the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The dilemma is that ...

  14. Bionomics of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the province of Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doha, Said Abdallah; Samy, Abdallah Mohammed

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The bionomics of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) were studied for two successive years (January 1996-December 1997) at 12 collecting stations representing six sectors of the province of Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia. The predominant species...

  15. MOTIVATION AND ATTITUDE OF SAUDI UNIVERSITY'S LEARNERS OF ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makrami, Barakat Humoud

    2010-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examined the affective factors that intervene in learning English as a Foreign Language (EFL), either for Specific Purposes (ESP) or General Purposes (EGP), for Saudi university students, and how these affective ...

  16. Stakeholder value network analysis for the energy system of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alonso, Francisco J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Saudi Arabia is experiencing a considerable escalation in its consumption of electricity, provoked by economic progress and population increase. Such an escalation threatens the economic output of the Kingdom: more oil and ...

  17. E-Print Network 3.0 - alriyadh region saudi Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Linguistics Summary: Jordan, Al-Riyadh from Saudi Arabia, and Al-Youm Al-Sabe' from Egypt.4 The common dialects in those... and television program recordings. Al-Youm News...

  18. Daily dispersion model calculations of the Kuwait oil fire smoke plume

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ellis, J.S.; Foster, C.S.; Foster, K.T.; Sullivan, T.J. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)); Baskett, R.L.; Nasstrom, J.S.; Schalk, W.W. III (EG and G Energy Measurements, Inc., Pleasanton, CA (United States)); Greenly, G.D. (IT Corp., Irvine, CA (United States))

    1992-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (ARAC) provided daily forecasts of the position and spatial character of the Kuwait oil fire smoke plume to the NSF-coordinated research aircraft missions in the Persian Gulf. ARAC also provided daily plume dispersion products to various nations in the Persian Gulf region under the auspices of the World Meteorological Organization for a period of nearly 5 months. Forecasted three dimensional winds were provided to ARAC from the US Air Force Global Weather Central's Relocatable Wind Model (RWM). The RWM winds were spaced approximately 90 km in the horizontal and were located at the surface, 1000 ft., 2000 ft, 5000 ft and every 5000 ft up to 30,000 ft elevation. The forecast periods were 0, 6, 24, and 36 hours from both 0000 and 1200 UTC. A wind field model (MATHEW) corrected for terrain influences on the wind. The smoke plume was dispersed using a three dimensional particle-in-cell code (ADPIC) with buoyant plume rise capability. Multiple source locations were used to represent the burning oil fields. Improved estimates of the source term and emission factors for the smoke were incorporated into the ADPIC calculations as the field measurement data were made available.

  19. Daily dispersion model calculations of the Kuwait oil fire smoke plume

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ellis, J.S.; Foster, C.S.; Foster, K.T.; Sullivan, T.J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Baskett, R.L.; Nasstrom, J.S.; Schalk, W.W. III [EG and G Energy Measurements, Inc., Pleasanton, CA (United States); Greenly, G.D. [IT Corp., Irvine, CA (United States)

    1992-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (ARAC) provided daily forecasts of the position and spatial character of the Kuwait oil fire smoke plume to the NSF-coordinated research aircraft missions in the Persian Gulf. ARAC also provided daily plume dispersion products to various nations in the Persian Gulf region under the auspices of the World Meteorological Organization for a period of nearly 5 months. Forecasted three dimensional winds were provided to ARAC from the US Air Force Global Weather Central`s Relocatable Wind Model (RWM). The RWM winds were spaced approximately 90 km in the horizontal and were located at the surface, 1000 ft., 2000 ft, 5000 ft and every 5000 ft up to 30,000 ft elevation. The forecast periods were 0, 6, 24, and 36 hours from both 0000 and 1200 UTC. A wind field model (MATHEW) corrected for terrain influences on the wind. The smoke plume was dispersed using a three dimensional particle-in-cell code (ADPIC) with buoyant plume rise capability. Multiple source locations were used to represent the burning oil fields. Improved estimates of the source term and emission factors for the smoke were incorporated into the ADPIC calculations as the field measurement data were made available.

  20. Dynamical and radiative response to the massive injection of aerosol from Kuwait oil burning fires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferretti, R.; Visconti, G. [Univ. L`Aquila (Italy)

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of the injection of large amount of soot comparable to that produced in the burning of oil wells in Kuwait were studied using a 2-D mesoscale model. During the three day numerical simulation the ground-atmosphere system appears to be strongly perturbed. A surface cooling is produced in the first two days above and downwind of the sources. The cooling, between -10 C over the desert and -0.5 C over the sea is dependent on the surface characteristics. The temperature decrease at the ground results in a stratified troposphere which inhibits convection and perturbs the normal diurnal variability of the boundary layer while the upper levels are driven by the radiative warming of the aerosol layer. In this region after few hours the simulation produces a warming of 0.8 C reaching a maximum of 6 C is after 60 hours. During the last 2 days of simulation the long wave radiation emitted by the low altitude atmospheric layers contribute to mitigate the surface cooling. A detailed discussion of the radiative and the dynamical interactions is given and it is shown that beside the specific interest in the short term effects these results may be useful to parameterize the smoke source for a General Circulation Model (GCM) simulation.

  1. Sustainable Architectural Applications in the Gulf States-Post Occupancy Evaluation Case Study of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, H.; Alfalah, G.

    of the assembly tools and the surfaces of sunlight collection (12). Region Winter (December, January, February) Summer (June, July, August) maximum minimum maximum minimum Northern region 15 ? C -3 ? C 38 ? C 23 ? C The Western coastal region... that invite us to stop and review the value of the sustainable architecture in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. (3) Above all, the Saudi Government has made great efforts and attempts to support and encourage this design schema in the Kingdom of Saudi...

  2. The Social Media Effect on the Families of the Saudi Society from the Perspective of the Youth.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsharkh, Yousef Naser

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This social media network (SMN) study regarding youth of Saudi Arabia, focused on the effect of the SMN on youth with their families and their… (more)

  3. Assessment of the histopathological lesions and chemical analysis of feral cats to the smoke from the Kuwait oil fires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moeller, R.B. Jr.; Dick, E.J.; Pletcher, J.M. [Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC (United States)] [and others

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Twenty-six adult or subadult feral cats were collected from Kuwait approximately 8 months after the ignition of the Kuwait oil wells. These animals were obtained from two sources: 12 animals from Kuwait City, a relatively smoke-free area, and 14 from the city of Ahmadi, an area with heavy smoke. Animals were euthanized and a complete set of tissues consisting of all major organs was taken for histopathology. Samples of lung, liver, kidney, urine, and blood were also taken for toxicology. Histopathological lesions observed in the lung were mild accumulations of anthracotic pigment in the lungs of 17 cats. Hyperplasia of the bronchial and bronchiolar gland in 8 cats, and smooth muscle hyperplasia of bronchioles in 14 cats. Tracheal gland hyperplasia was observed in 7 cats, and minimal squamous metaplasia of the tracheal mucosa in 17 cats, Laryngeal lesions consisted of submucosal gland hyperplasia in 2 cats and squamous metaplasia of the mucosa in 5 cats. Hyperplasia of the nasal submucosal glands was observed in 6 animals. The pharyngeal mucosa as well as other organs and organ systems were normal in all cats. Atomic absorption analysis for 11 metals was performed; vanadium and nickel levels (two metals that were present in the smoke from the oil fires) are not indicative of substantial exposure to the oil fires. Based on the histopathological findings and toxicological analysis, it is felt that inhalation of air contaminated with smoke from the oil fires had little or no long-term effect on the animals examined. 36 refs., 3 figs., 7 tabs.

  4. Assessment of the histopathological lesions and chemical analysis of feral cats to the smoke from Kuwait oil fires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moeller, R.B.; Kalasinsky, V.F.; Razzaque, M.; Centeno, J.A.; Dick, E.J.

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Twenty-six adult or subadult feral cats were collected from Kuwait approximately 8 months after the ignition of the Kuwait oil wells. These animals were obtained from two sources: 12 animals from Kuwait City, a relatively Co smoke-free area, and 14 from the city of Alimadi, an area with heavy smoke. Animals were euthanized and a complete set of tissues consisting of all 0 major organs was taken for histopathology. Samples of lung, liver, kidney, urine, and blood were also taken for toxicology. Histopathological lesions observed in the lung were mild accumulations of anthracotic pigment in the lungs of 17 cats. Hyperplasia of the bronchial and bronchiolar gland in 8 cats, and smooth muscle hyperplasia of bronchioles in 14 cats. Iracheal gland hyperplasia was observed in 7 cats, and minimal squamous metaplasia of the tracheal mucosa in 17 cats, Laryngeal lesions consisted of submucosal gland hyperplasia in 2 cats and squamous metaplasia of the mucosa in 5 cats. Hyperplasia of the nasal submucosal glands was observed in 6 animals. The pharyngeal mucosa as well as other organs and organ systems (a) were normal in all cats. Atomic absorption analysis for 11 metals was performed; vanadium and nickel levels (two metals that were present in the smoke from the oil fires) are not indicative of substantial exposure to the oil fires. Based on the histopathological findings and toxicological analysis, it is felt that inhalation of air contaminated with smoke from the oil fires had little or no long-term effect on the animals examined.

  5. Model for electric energy consumption in eastern Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Garni, A.Z.; Al-Nassar, Y.N.; Zubair, S.M.; Al-Shehri, A. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrical energy consumption in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia is modeled as a function of weather data, global solar radiation, population, and gross domestic product per capita. Five years of data have been used to develop the energy consumption model. Variable selection in the regression model is carried out by using the general stepping-regression technique. Model adequacy is determined from a residual analysis technique. Model validation aims to determine if the model will function successfully in its intended operating field. In this regard, new energy consumption data for a sixth year are collected, and the results predicted by the regression model are compared with the new data set. Finally, the sensitivity of the model is examined. It is found that the model is strongly influenced by the ambient temperature.

  6. Pacific Northwest Laboratory Gulfstream I measurements of the Kuwait oil-fire plume, July--August 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Busness, K.M.; Hales, J.M.; Hannigan, R.V.; Thorp, J.M.; Tomich, S.D.; Warren, M.J. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)); Al-Sunaid, A.A. (Saudi ARAMCO, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)); Daum, P.H.; Mazurek, M. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States))

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1991, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted a series of aircraft measurements to determine pollutant and radiative properties of the smoke plume from oil fires in Kuwait. This work was sponsored by the US Department emanating of Energy, in cooperation with several other agencies as part of an extensive effort coordinated by the World Meteorological Organization, to obtain a comprehensive data set to assess the characteristics of the plume and its environmental impact. This report describes field measurement activities and introduces the various data collected, but provides only limited analyses of these data. Results of further data analyses will be presented in subsequent open-literature publications.

  7. An evaluation of acid frac/matrix stimulation of a tight limestone formation in exploratory wells in Kuwait

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, J.R.

    1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the advent of Kuwait's intensive exploratory activities to locate and test deeper geologic structures, tighter and very low porosity limestone formations were progressively encountered. Most of these hydrocarbon bearing formations initially appeared to be very stubborn and hardly indicated any fluid influx into the well-bore. In certain cases the hydrostatic head was nearly completely removed by unloading the well practically down to perforations, thereby creating optimum draw-down but it either resulted in poor inflow or none at all. In the absence of currently available chemicals, equipment, job design engineering and better understanding of tight carbonate formations and their responses to various acid formulations, some of these could have slipped into unattractive categories. With the implementation of specially designed matrix and acid-frac treatments, these formation have, however, been unmasked and turned out to be highly potential finds now. This paper basically outlines the salient features of theoretical and operational aspects of stimulating and testing some of the very low porosity hard limestone formations in Kuwait recently.

  8. SOLERAS - Solar Controlled Environment Agriculture Project. Final report, Volume 4. Saudi Engineering Solar Energy Applications System Design Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Literature summarizing a study on the Saudi Arabian solar controlled environment agriculture system is presented. Specifications and performance requirements for the system components are revealed. Detailed performance and cost analyses are used to determine the optimum design. A preliminary design of an engineering field test is included. Some weather data are provided for Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. (BCS)

  9. Final Report for Annex II--Assessment of Solar Radiation Resources In Saudi Arabia, 1998-2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Myers, D. R.; Wilcox, S. M.; Marion, W. F.; Al-Abbadi, N. M.; Mahfoodh, M.; Al-Otaibi, Z.

    2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Final Report for Annex II - Assessment of Solar Radiation Resources in Saudi Arabia 1998-2000 summarizes the accomplishment of work performed, results achieved, and products produced under Annex II, a project established under the Agreement for Cooperation in the Field of Renewable Energy Research and Development between the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United States. The report covers work and accomplishments from January 1998 to December 2000. A previous progress report, Progress Report for Annex II - Assessment of Solar Radiation Resources in Saudi Arabia 1993-1997, NREL/TP-560-29374, summarizes earlier work and technical transfer of information under the project. The work was performed in at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado, at the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and at selected weather stations of the Saudi Meteorological and Environmental Protection Administration (MEPA).

  10. Naturalized plants have smaller genomes than their non-invading relatives: a flow cytometric analysis of the Czech alien flora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KratochvĂ­l, Lukas

    analysis of the Czech alien flora Naturalizované rostliny mají mensí genom nez neinvadující druhy than their non-invading relatives: a flow cytometric analysis of the Czech alien flora. ­ Preslia 82 in 93 alien species naturalized in the Czech Republic, belonging to 32 families, by using flow cytometry

  11. When fish die, bacteria or the enzymes they produce invade the flesh of fish. This process produces toxic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michel, Howard E.

    ABSTRACT When fish die, bacteria or the enzymes they produce invade the flesh of fish. This process produces toxic compounds in the fish and the fish becomes spoiled. Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy neural network (ANN) for the development of an ANN based FT-IR Screening System for fish

  12. Volunteer Day Countries Represented

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Haiti Iran Korea Kuwait Russia Saudi Arabia Spain Taiwan Turkey Venezuela Vietnam Manners and Culture Q's warm-weather fashion, and we have a lot of warm w

  13. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. c Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  14. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emirates. b Includes Algeria, Angola (January 2007-present), Ecuador (1983-1992), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and...

  15. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    No data reported. W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  16. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 3 Free on Board. See Glossary. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates....

  17. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

  18. Table 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

  19. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes Algeria,...

  20. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

  1. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. 1 Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. 2 Includes Algeria,...

  2. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes Algeria,...

  3. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

  4. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    W Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. a Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. b Includes...

  5. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of individual company data. a Free on Board. See Glossary. b Includes Baharain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. c Includes...

  6. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of individual company data. (1) Free on Board. See Glossary. (2) Includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. (3) Includes Algeria,...

  7. Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  8. Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-5.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  9. Enhanced Operation Strategies for Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems Toward Peak Power Reduction for an Office Building in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alghimlas, F.; Al-Mulla, A.; Maheshwari, G.P.; Al-Nakib, D.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Enhanced?Operation?Strategies?for?Air? Conditioning?and?Lighting? Systems?Toward?Peak?Power?Reduction? for?an?Office?Building?in?Kuwait F. Alghimlas A. Al-Mulla G.P. Maheshwari D. Al-Nakib Building and Energy Technologies Department...?Increase?in?Power?and?Energy? 6160 6450 6750 7250 7480 7750 8400 8900 9070 9710 27.0 27.5 29.3 31.1 33.1 35.6 37.9 41.6 42.6 45.2 25 30 35 40 45 50 5500 6500 7500 8500 9500 10500 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Y e a r l y E...

  10. Increased frequencies of sister chromatid exchanges (SCE) in peripheral blood lymphocytes of U.S. troops deployed in Kuwait

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDiarmid, M.A. Kolodner, K. [John Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States); Scott, B.G. [Army Environmental Hygiene Agency, Aberdeen, MD (United States)] [and others

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Concern over potential exposure of U.S. troops to genotoxic emissions generated in oil well fires prompted a Biologic Surveillance Initiative to examine levels of genetic damage in a cohort of troops deployed in Kuwait. Blood was drawn from members of the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment on June 6, 1991 while they were stationed in Germany (PRE, n=61), on August 11, 1991 after being deployed in Kuwait (DURING, n=51) and again on October 10, 1991 after returning to Germany (POST, n=36). Cells were cultured for 68-72 hours in RPMI 1640 medium supplemented with 15% fetal bovine serum, 1% phytohemagglutinin and 10 {mu}g/ml 5-bromo-2`-deoxyuridine. Metaphase cells were prepared by standard techniques and stained with Hoechst 33258 plus Giemsa to visualize SCE. Whenever possible, a total of 25 well-spread and well-stained cells were evaluated for each individual. Only 26 soldiers had values available for all three sampling points. Data on 50 soldiers was available for PRE and DURING sampling while data on 35 samples was available for a PRE vs POST comparison. The average frequency of SCE/cell increased from 4.33 {plus_minus} 0.53 in the PRE samples to 5.12 {plus_minus} 0.64 in the DURING samples to 5.28 {plus_minus} 0.72 in the POST samples. The PRE values were significantly different from both the DURING and POST values (p<0.001) using the paired t-test. While these results suggest that this cohort was potentially exposed to genotoxic materials, the source of the exposure(s) is presently not known.

  11. Role of Aramco in Saudi Arabian development: a case study of dependent development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rawls, L.W.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has proceeded along the path toward development while in a dependent relationship with the Arabian American Oil Company, Aramco. Development in a given country is defined as the process by which the living standards of the people who live in that country are raised. That process includes the development of physical and human infrastructure, economic growth, distribution of resources, and the maturation of society (including its ability to weather crisis, whether it be social or economic). Though it is by no means exhaustive on the subject of development in Saudi Arabia, this study focuses on Aramco's involvement in the socio-economic elements of development in Saudi Arabia, as these are the direct impacts of development upon which the Saudi five-year development plans focus. Employing the theoretical framework of dependent development as adapted by Timothy Luke to the OPEC countries' development experience in the international energy regime, this study serves in part as an in-depth case study of Luke's thesis.

  12. Energy Expenditure and Water Flux of Ruppell's Foxes in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Jos. B.

    . Introduction The environments of hot deserts can include periods of high ambient air temperature (Ta479 Energy Expenditure and Water Flux of Ru¨ppell's Foxes in Saudi Arabia Joseph B. Williams1 and total evaporative water loss (TEWL), parameters mea- sured in the laboratory, and a reduced field

  13. SOLERAS - Saudi University Solar Cooling Laboratories Project. Final report, project summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Proposals for research on solar cooling are presented for four Saudi Arabian universities. The universities are the University of Petroleum and Minerals in Dhahran, King Saud University in Riyadh, King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah, and King Faisal University in Dammam. Topics researched include the Rankine cycle, passive solar cooling systems, a solar-powered lithium bromide-water absorption machine and a photovoltaic-powered thermoelectric cooling machine. (BCS)

  14. The Shia/Sunni Cold War: A US Strategy and Saudi Illusion Back in February, Iran's president, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, claimed that the United

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinke, Dietmar

    The Shia/Sunni Cold War: A US Strategy and Saudi Illusion Back in February, Iran's president portion of the higher ground. Of all the regional powers, Iran has contributed least, rhetorically sectarianism. By whipping up fear of Iran on the back of an energised Shia revival, the Saudis justify

  15. Lead and chromium concentrations in the potable water of the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hassan, H.M.A.; Mustafa, H.T.; Rihan, T.I. (King Faisal Univ., Dammam (Saudi Arabia))

    1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The World Health Organization (WHO) and United States Public Health Service (USPHS) standards for drinking water recommend an upper limit concentration of 0.05 mg/L for both lead and chromium. The authors studied the cadmium and zinc concentrations in the potable water of the Eastern Province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. They report here the results of the study of lead and chromium concentrations in the potable water of the same area to provide a more complete profile of the levels of heavy metals in the potable water of the Eastern Province.

  16. U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Saudi Arabia | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment of Dept. of Energy, Office of Civil Rights,EfficiencytoSaudi Arabia

  17. Alien plants in urban nature reserves: from red-list species to future invaders? 27 Alien plants in urban nature reserves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KratochvĂ­l, Lukas

    Alien plants in urban nature reserves: from red-list species to future invaders? 27 Alien plants 2011 Citation: JarosĂ­k V, Pysek P, KadlecT (2011) Alien plants in urban nature reserves: from red in these protected areas are complicated by high proportions of alien species. We examined which environmental

  18. Florida Sea Grant College Program http://www.flseagrant.org SGEF155 March 2009 rev. CAN WE STOP "KILLER ALGAE" FROM INVADING FLORIDA?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    STOP "KILLER ALGAE" FROM INVADING FLORIDA? by Charles Jacoby 1 and Linda Walters 2 What is "killer algae"? The Mediterranean strain of Caulerpa taxifolia earned the name "killer algae" because of its devastating effects on the Mediterranean coast. The story of this algae or seaweed represents one of the best

  19. A survey of intention to leave, job stress, burnout and job satisfaction among nurses employed in the Ha'il region's hospitals in Saudi Arabia.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsaqri, S

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Nurses in Saudi Arabia, as in other Arabian Gulf countries, may be nationals or non-nationals. Frequently, non-national nurses predominate in a workplace, and as they… (more)

  20. Neo-Rentier Theory: The Case of Saudi Arabia (1950-2000) Global dependence on oil has not only radically transformed our economies, but also

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hille, Sander

    Neo-Rentier Theory: The Case of Saudi Arabia (1950-2000) Global dependence on oil has not only radically transformed our economies, but also altered domestic and international politics of consuming

  1. The development of contemporary housing in Saudi Arabia (1950-1983) : a study in cross-cultural influence under conditions of rapid change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fadan, Yousef M. (Yousef Mohammed)

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study provides a framework for understanding the circumstances associated with the introduction of modern housing concepts and techniques to Saudi Arabia. The analysis and discussion of the relevant cultural influences ...

  2. LEVEL OF HIGH-SENSITIVITY C-REACTIVE PROTEIN IN SAUDI PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC STABLE CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J Ayub; Med Coll Abbottabad; Syed Shahid Habib

    Background: Inflammatory biomarker high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) is an independent predictor of future cardiovascular events and it predicts risk of incident hypertension and diabetes. The aim of this study was to determine the serum levels of the circulating acute-phase reactant high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) in Saudi patients with chronic stable Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). Methods: This cross

  3. A13B-0215: Case study of the 9 April 2009 `brown' cloud: Observations of unusually high cloud droplet concentrations in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene, University of North Dakota (delene@aero.und.edu; http://aerosol.atmos.und.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    ' cloud: Observations of unusually high cloud droplet concentrations in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene accumulation on the unprotected leading edge of the aircraft's wing during the 9 April 2009 research in Saudi diameters compared to a normal cell. Cloud base CCN measurements in Saudi Arabia are variable with some

  4. Case study of the 9 April 2009 `brown' cloud: Observations and modeling of convective clouds in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene and Jeffrey S Tilley, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    was funded by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia through a contract with Weather Modification Inc (WMI). We also in Saudi Arabia, David J Delene and Jeffrey S Tilley, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND Terry Krauss, Weather Modification, Inc., Fargo, ND ` Introduction Photographs of ice accumulation

  5. Exposure to particle-bound polyaromatic hydrocarbons in the Al-Mansoria residential area during the Kuwait oil fires. A qualitative appraisal of the adsorption role

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Yakoob, S.N.; Abdal, Y. (Kuwait Inst. for Scientific Research (Kuwait)); Nasrallah, H. (College of Health Sciences, Kuwait (Kuwait)); Al-Majed, N. (Ministry of Public Health, Kuwait (Kuwait))

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High ambient levels of inhalable particulate matter (PM[sub 10]) were detected in residential areas during the oil well burning in Kuwait (February-November 1991). Because inhalation exposures to PM[sub 10] were significant (data on PAH quantification are scarce), it became possible to describe the exposure to PM[sub 10]-associated PAHs of alternative courses of events, such as PAH-particle interaction mechanisms. Depending on particle adsorption characteristics (affinity and site availability), it is concluded that, contrary to what is currently believed, low levels of ambient PM[sub 10] levels did not indicate low PAH exposures in Al-Mansoria residential area during May 10-31, 1991. Due to the frequent presence of dust particles in the ambient air caused by the heavy dust fallout in Al-Mansoria (average > 65 tons/km[sup 2]) during May, 1991, the predicted patterns can be explained by two hypothesized mechanisms. The first is a two-step process: loss of PAHs from low affinity sites and reabsorption onto stronger affinity ones leading to low surface coverage at high PM[sub 10] concentrations. The second involves dilution of PAH-containing soot with aeolian particles. Both events can lead to low ambient PAHs at high PM[sub 10] levels or high ambient PAHs at low PM[sub 10] levels. 27 refs., 12 refs., 2 tabs.

  6. NIOSH testimony on Kuwait before the subcommittee on hospitals and health care, committee on veterans' affairs by J. S. Andrews, September 16, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The testimony summarizes potential adverse health effects related to service in the Persian Gulf as presented by the Department of Health and Human Services. An estimated 9,000 workers from 43 different countries battled the burning oil wells in Kuwait from February 1991 through early November 1991 when the last was capped. Exposures and health effects in US military personnel, Kuwaiti citizens, and fire fighters were described. The hazards to the soldiers were largely dependent on the concentration of the pollutants in the air near the camps. Fortunately, the plume from the fires rose up to 10,000 and 12,000 feet, mixed with the air and then dispersed for several thousand miles downwind over a period of several weeks. The particles and gases contained in the plume were diluted as the plume travelled. Even so, some minor respiratory problems were present among the soldiers. Some of the hydrocarbons measured at low concentrations have been shown to produce cancer in laboratory animals only when present at higher levels of exposure. Based on the exposure information gathered, the author concludes that there will not likely be a detectable increase in lung cancer in Gulf War Veterans as a result of the oil well fires.

  7. Cadmium and zinc concentrations in the potable water of the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mustafa, H.T.; Hassan, H.M.A.; Abo-Melha, A.; Rihan, T.I.

    1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of acute cadmium poisoning on humans are very serious. Among them are hypertension, cardiovascular disorders, kidney damage and destruction of red blood cells and testicular tissues. It is believed that much of the physiological action of cadmium is due to its replacement of zinc in some enzymes thereby impairing its catalytic activity. Previous studies on rats indicated that the dietary level of zinc can influence susceptibility to cadmium. The Eastern Province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is undergoing extensive industrialization, crude oil exploration, production, processing and exportation. All of these are sources of trace heavy metal pollution. It is inhabited by a population where private and public water wells, particularly in the rural areas, are in most cases the major source of potable water. This paper deals with the determination of cadmium and zinc concentration in the potable water of the Eastern Province in order to generate baseline data to enable the medically qualified members of the research team to study the possible relationship between these two ions and cardiovascular morbidity in the population consuming this water.

  8. Electromagnetic interference from transmission lines located in central region of Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Arainy, A.A.; Malik, N.H.; Abdul-Aal, L.N.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by transmission lines operating in the Central Region of Saudi Arabia. These lines have operating voltages of 132, 230 and 380 kV and are located in a hot, dry arid desert land where precipitaton is very low. Measurements of typical EMI characteristics such as frequency spectrum, lateral profile and statistical variation are performed for each type of line and results are analyzed. It is found that general noise characteristic of these lines are similar to those reported in the literature for other lines which are located in relatively wet environment. The results further show that if operating gradients are low, the increase of EMI due to rain is lower than 20 dB value usually observed. The presence of sand and dust storms does not increase EMI level in any appreciable manner. The fair weather EMI level of these lines can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by using the CIGRE formula. Results are also presented for power line carrier related EMI.

  9. Electromagnetic interference from transmission lines located in central region of Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Arainy, A.A.; Malik, N.H.; Abdul-Aal, L.N.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by transmission lines operating in the Central Region of Saudi Arabia. These lines have operating voltages of 132, 230 and 380 kV and are located in a hot, dry arid desert land where precipitation is very low. Measurements of typical EMI characteristics such as frequency spectrum, lateral profile and statistical variation are performed for each type of line and results are analyzed. It is found that general noise characteristic of these lines are similar to those reported in the literature for other lines which are located in relatively wet environment. The results further show that if operating gradients are low, the increase of EMI due to rain is lower than 20 dB value usually observed. The presence of sand and dust storms does not increase EMI level in any appreciable manner. The fair weather EMI level of these lines can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by using the CIGRE formula. Results are also presented for power line carrier related EMI.

  10. Regression analysis of residential air-conditioning energy consumption at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abdel-Nabi, D.Y.; Zubair, S.M.; Abdelrahman, M.A.; Bahel, V. (Energy Systems Group, Div. of Energy Resources, Research Inst., King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (SA))

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The energy consumption of a house air conditioner located at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, is modeled as a function of weather parameters and total (global) solar radiation on a horizontal surface. The selection of effective parameters that significantly influence energy consumption is carried out using general stepping regression methods. The problem of collinearity between the regressors is also investigated. The final model involves parameters of total solar radiation on a horizontal surface, wind speed, and temperature difference between the indoor and outdoor condition. However, the model coefficients are functions of relative humidity and/or temperature difference between the indoor and outdoor condition. Model adequacy is examined by the residual analysis technique. Model validation is carried out by the data-splitting technique. The sensitivity of the model indicates that relative humidity and temperature difference strongly influence the cooling energy consumption. It was found that an increase in relative humidity from 20% to 100% can cause a 100% increase in cooling energy consumption during the high cooling season.

  11. The status and prospective of environmental radiation monitoring stations in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Kheliewi, Abdullah S. [National Center for Radiation Protection, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, 11442 Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Holzheimer, Clous [ENVINET GmbH, Environmental Radiation Detection, Hans-Pinsel-Straße 4, 85540 Haar (Munich) (Germany)

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of nuclear technology requires an environmental monitoring program to ensure the safety of the environment, and to protect people from the hazards of radioactive materials, and nuclear accidents. Nuclear accidents are unique, for they incur effects that surpass international frontiers, and can even have a long lasting impact on Earth. Such was the case of the Chernobyl accident in the Ukraine on April 6, 1986. For that purpose, international and national efforts come together to observe for any nuclear or radioactive accident. Many states, including Saudi Arabia which oversees the operation of the National Radiation, Environmental and Early Monitoring Stations, The Radiation Monitoring Stations(RMS’s) are currently scattered across 35 cities in the country,. These locations are evaluated based on various technological criteria such as border cities, cities of high population density, wind direction, etc. For new nuclear power plants hovering around, it is strongly recommended to increase the number of radiation monitoring stations to warn against any threat that may arise from a nuclear leak or accident and to improve the performance of the existing RMS’s. SARA (Spectroscopic Monitoring Station for air) should be implemented due to the high sensitivity to artificial radiation, automatic isotope identification, free of maintenance, and fully independent due to solar power supply (incl. battery backup) and wireless communication (GPRS)

  12. NONLINEARITY AND MARKET EFFICIENCY IN GCC STOCK MARKETS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alharbi, Abdullah M. H.

    2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    ): Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), using three robust and highly regarded nonlinearity tests. In addition, the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) was tested in this dissertation for the GCC stock markets using...

  13. 2, 129164, 2005 The circulation of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Countries bordering the Persian Gulf are the15 United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, and is surrounded by most of the Earth's deserts. The most known weather phenomenon in the Persian Gulf

  14. Hassan B. Diab Vice President,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihadeh, Alan

    EGYPT IRAQ JORDAN KUWAIT LEBANON OMAN QATAR SAUDI ARABIA SUDAN SYRIA UNITED ARAB EMIRATES WEST BANK SYRIA UNITED ARAB EMIRATES WEST BANK YEMEN 2008-09 Annual Activity Report #12;2 Acknowledgement The 2008

  15. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Pickford, P.J.

    1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1983 totaled 4,275,054,000 bbl (an average rate of 11,712,476 BOPD), down 3.7% from the revised total of 4,440,841,000 bbl produced in 1982. Iran, Kuwait, the Kuwait-Saudi Arabia Divided Neutral Zone, and Oman had significant increases. Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Abu Dhabi had significant decreases. 8 figures, 9 tables.

  16. DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mustafa, M. Tahir

    University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 361 Oct: Department of Mathematics, Hafr Al-Batin Community College, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, P of Mathematical Sciences, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia, Email

  17. DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mustafa, M. Tahir

    University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 360 Oct: Department of Mathematics, Hafr Al-Batin Community College, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, P of Mathematical Sciences, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia, Email

  18. Kuwait City, Kuwait: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories on climateJuno Beach, Florida:KenyonKosciusko County Rural E Name

  19. Research Article Evaluation of changes in the Kuwaiti prawn fishery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yong

    . Introduction Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990. The Iraqis released 6­8 million barrels of crude oil into the Arabian and 500 km of coastline were covered by oil (Al-Yamani et al., 1993). The Iraqis also set 604 of Kuwait's oil wells on fire (Al-Awadi, 1992). The oil well fires lasted for eight months, and the conse- quent

  20. Corresponding author: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, P.O. Box 2020, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 0096638602305, Fax: 0096638604447,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    Corresponding author: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, P.O. Box 2020, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 0096638602305, Fax: 0096638604447, Email: menamul@kfupm.edu.sa; dr.mehossain@gmail.com SPE 149094 Use of the Memory

  1. MS Degree in Mechanical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, April 2006. Grade Point Average 3.34/4.00. MS Thesis on "The Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, John M.

    EDUCATION · MS Degree in Mechanical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals/Lab Engineer, The Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates · May 2006 June 2012: Core Analysis Engineer, Research Institute, Center for Petroleum and Minerals, KFUPM, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia · February

  2. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

    1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1985 totaled 3,837,580,000 bbl (an average rate of 10,513,917 BOPD), down 2.2% from the revised 1984 total of 3,924,034,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Dubai, Oman, and Syria had significant increases; Kuwait, Kuwait-Saudi Arabia Divided Neutral Zone, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar had significant decreases. New fields went on production in Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Oman, and Syria. In North Yemen, the first ever oil production in that country was nearing the start-up stage at year end. 9 figures, 9 tables.

  3. Middle East: Iran isn't missed much

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A concerted effort to further develop productive capacity is evident in most Middle Eastern Countries, through exploration, field development, and secondary recovery. Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Abu Dhabi all plan expanded petroleum industry programs in 1980. Oil production in Saudi Arabia through the first one-half of 1980 averaged 9.5 million bpd, and the Saudis are proceeding with the large-scale associated gas utilization and industrialization program. Iraq's near-term interest is in development of the Majnoon Discovery. Abu Dhabi is continuing efforts to complete development of a giant offshore field and finalize an onshore/offshore associated gas utilization facility. Only Iran and Kuwait are expected to be relatively inactive in petroleum programs during the remainder of 1980. Individual country reports are presented for Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Iran, Kuwait, the Divided Neutral Zone, Qatar, Oman, Bahrain, Syria, Turkey, Israel, Jordan, South Yemen, and Yemen Arab Republic.

  4. Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O. (Mobil Oil Corp., New York, NY); Mason, J.F.; Hatch, G.C.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1980 totaled 6,747,719,000 bbl or an average rate of 18,436,390,000 bbl/d, down 13.9% from 1979. Increases were in Saudi Arabia and Syria. Significant decreases occurred in Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, and Turkey. New discoveries were made in Abu Dhabi, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Sharjah, and Oman. New areas were explored in Bahrain, Oman, Syria, and Yemen. 9 figures, 16 tables.

  5. INAMO #47 GolfStaaten-Gulf countries (Artikel * 2006) Beaugrand, Claire Nationalitt und Migration in den Golfstaaten

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    started to flock first to Bahrain where oil export began as early as in 1934, then Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, published in "INAMO 47 (2006) 10-14" #12;2 issue of oil revenues' distribution, affected the forms of movement control that were opted for, as well as the types of nationality issues that derived from it

  6. Petrochemical industry in the Middle East: current status, uncertainties, global impact

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The situation and perspective of the petrochemical industry in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, IR Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, the UAE, SP Libyan AJ, Algeria, and Egypt are reviewed. Special attention is given to the budgetary constraints, foreign partners, the costs, the markets, and the impact of falling oil prices.

  7. Paintball Summer Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Highlights · Paintball · Summer Weather · Birthdays · Manners TheELIWeekly Paintball! Come out France Iraq Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Netherlands Niger Peru Qatar Saudi Arabia Spain Taiwan Thailand Turkey United States Venezuela Summer Weather Safety We've come to realize in the past that not all

  8. Ocean Sci., 2, 2741, 2006 www.ocean-sci.net/2/27/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of United Arab Emirates is a major driver of this baroclinic circulation. 1 Introduction The Persian Gulf bordering the Per- sian Gulf are the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait and Iraq (Emery, 1956). Extensive shallow regions, United Arab Emirates

  9. Technical matters The practice and politics of geo-referencing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    , Energy & Resources Group 2010 Association of American Geographers Annual Meeting #12;Laos? China Google, China, South Korea, Japan, Saudi Arabia Kuwait and other nations have been buying and leasing huge version of the 19th-century scramble for Africa."1 "A new geopolitics of hunger" 2 1. The Guardian UK, 22

  10. Kuwait: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429 ThrottledInformation Kumasi Institute of Technology andKurt J

  11. Kuwait Petroleum Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place:Keystone Clean Air JumpMaine. ItsKun Renewables Jump

  12. Why do Invasive Species Successfully Establish & Invade?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    coming from? #12;At Risk: Ecosystems with scarce resources · If resources are limited, native species survive #12;Empty niche hypothesis #12;Empty niche hypothesis RESOURCES #12;What resources do species need? #12;Plant Resources #12;Resource supply Resourceusage Resource supply & demand Few extra resources

  13. Perennial Pepperweed (Lepidium latifolium): Properties of Invaded

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Katharyn

    of alterations that can result. For example, a nonnative genotype of Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud

  14. Essays on Forecasting and Hedging Models in the Oil Market and Causality Analysis in the Korean Stock Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Hankyeung

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    (Angola), Oriente (Ecuador), Iran Heavy (Islamic Republic of Iran), Basra Light (Iraq), Kuwait Export (Kuwait), Es Sider (Libya), Bonny Light (Nigeria), Qatar Marine (Qatar), Arab Light (Saudi Arabia), Murban (UAE) and Merey (Venezuela). OPEC collects...-1 and 5-3-2, may also be utilized for crack spread margins. Especially, the 2-1-1 crack spread, signifying that two barrels of crude yield a barrel each of gasoline and heating oil, is a better description of the case of heavy crude oils like OPEC basket...

  15. Oil flow resumes in war torn onshore Neutral Zone

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Oil production has resumed in the war ravaged onshore fields of the Neutral Zone between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait 1 year after the end of Persian Gulf War. Initial production of about 40,000 b/d is expected to rise to 60,000 b/d by year end. This paper reports that prior to the January-February 1991 war to oust occupying Iraqi military forces from Kuwait, the Neutral Zone's Wafra, South Umm Gudair, and South Fuwaris onshore fields produced about 135,000 b/d.

  16. The Global Impact of the Systemic Economies and MENA Business Cycles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cashin, Paul; Mohaddes, Kamiar; Raissi, Mehdi

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, and Spain. The time series data for the GCC block and the Euro Area block are constructed as cross-sectionally weighted averages of the domestic variables (described in detail below), using Purchasing Power... Systemic Countries Other Oil Exporters Algeria#3; China Canada GCC Countries Euro Area Ecuador#3; Bahrain#3; Austria Indonesia Kuwait#3; Belgium Mexico Oman#3; Finland Nigeria#3; Qatar#3; France Norway Saudi Arabia Germany Venezuela#3; UAE#3; Italy Iran#3...

  17. The life cycle assessment of concrete manufacturing in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El Mostafa, Mayce (Mayce A.)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Concrete is the second most widely used material in the world after water. Annually 9,120 million tons of concrete are produced, which is an equivalent of 1.3 tons of concrete per individual. As the world's primary ...

  18. Energy Conservation Program in Kuwait: A Local Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajiah, A. E.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    consumer of electricity and it accounts for nearly 75% of nation’s peak power demand and over 50% of annual energy consumption. However, the building owners/users are not concerned, as the highly subsidized electricity by the government is available... power demand and over 50% of annual energy consumption. The Ministry of Energy has to meet the growing demand for electricity by building new power plants that require high investments. This paper highlights the advancement in the Energy Conservation...

  19. Conceptual Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) terminal design for Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aljeeran, Fares

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    containment systems (Pepper and Shah 2004) ..............................................5 6. Single containment tanks (UH IELE 2003b).........................................................................5 7. Double containment tanks (UH IELE 2003b...)........................................................................7 8. Full containment tanks (UH IELE 2003b).............................................................................7 9. Underground LNG storage tank (UH IELE 2003b)...............................................................7 10. Three...

  20. Invited Invaders: Beetles used sucessfully in biological control of saltcedar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?produced one of the worst ecological disasters in the recorded history of the region [western United States],? according to a #25;#24;#24;#24; review of the problem by Dr. Jack DeLoach, an ARS entomologist in Temple, and other scientists involved... Knutson, Texas AgriLife Extension Service entomologist at the Texas AgriLife Research and Extension Center at Dallas, released #16;#18; Crete (Greece) beetles at a research site along Beals Creek near Big Spring in West Texas. Over the summer...

  1. Invited Invaders: Beetles used successfully in biological control of saltcedar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?produced one of the worst ecological disasters in the recorded history of the region [western United States],? according to a #25;#24;#24;#24; review of the problem by Dr. Jack DeLoach, an ARS entomologist in Temple, and other scientists involved... Knutson, Texas AgriLife Extension Service entomologist at the Texas AgriLife Research and Extension Center at Dallas, released #16;#18; Crete (Greece) beetles at a research site along Beals Creek near Big Spring in West Texas. Over the summer...

  2. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Solar Radiation Atlas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NREL

    1998-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This atlas provides a record of monthly mean solar radiation generated by a Climatological Solar Radiation model, using quasi-climatological inputs of cloud cover, aerosol optical depth, precipitable water vapor, ozone, surface albedo, and atmospheric pressure.

  3. Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar PowerstoriesNrelPartnerTypePonsa, Mallorca: Energy Resources

  4. The Gulf War and the environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Baz, F. (ed.) (Boston Univ., MA (United States). Center for Remote Sensing); Makharita, R.M. (ed.) (World Bank, Washington, DC (United States))

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Gulf War inflicted dramatic environmental damage upon the fragile desert and shore environments of Kuwait and northeastern Saudi Arabia. Coastal and marine environments experienced oil spills of more than 8 million barrels, which killed wildlife and damaged the fishing industry. In inland Kuwait, hundreds of oil lakes are scattered across the desert surface: these lakes emit noxious gases, drown insects and birds, and may seep to pollute groundwater. Exploding and burning oil wells released soot particles, oil droplets, and noxious chemicals into the atmosphere, spreading air pollution, acid rain, and respiratory problems. Military diggings, constructions, and vehicles have destroyed much of the desert pavement, resulting in increased dust storms and large, moving dunes.

  5. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

    1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1986 totaled 4,493,973,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,312,254 BOPD), up 22.3% from the revised 1985 total of 3,673,729,000 bbl. Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Abu Dhabi, and Oman had significant increased; Iran was the only Middle East country with a significant decrease. New fields went on production in Oman and Yemen Arab Republic, and significant discoveries were reported in Iraq, Yemen Arab Republic, Oman, and Syria. However, exploration was generally down in most countries. Exploration and production operations continued to be affected by war in Iraq and Iran. 8 figures, 7 tables.

  6. Stability versus Sustainability: Energy Policy in the Gulf Monarchies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krane, Jim

    2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

      could  meet  peak  summer  air  conditioning demand (Kaminska 2012).  In  recent years, Saudi Arabia has been unable  to  meet  summer  electricity  demand  without  importing  heavy  fuel  oil  and  diesel  feedstock  (Pamuk and Choo 2012).  In  Kuwait... ,  domestic  burning  of  crude  oil,  diesel,  and  heavy  fuel  oil  is  already  reducing  exports and state income. Fuel consumption in power generation was equivalent to 12% of  the country’s oil production in 2010. This figure is expected to rise to 21...

  7. Numerical analysis of the laterally loaded piles in the Kuwait offshore environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Obaid, Y.F.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An attempt is made to present an automated analysis of laterally loaded piles using subgrade reaction theory and the P-delta curves governing the soil properties. The finite difference method is applied in establishing the governing equations. The pile response is obtained using the boundary conditions improved by Newtonian method. Results obtained are forces, moments, deflections and soil reactions for various depths of strata in which such piles exist. Based on these results future recommendations are made.

  8. Re-examination of the current architectural curriculum at Kuwait University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdullah, Mohammad

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and society in general. Architectural education is in desperate need of change and improvement, primarily through reforming the heart of the architectural education--its curriculum. This study reviews the existing program of the Department of Architecture...

  9. The Influence of Air-Conditioning Efficiency in the Peak Load Demand for Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, A. A.; Maheshwari, G. P.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A model co-relating the peak load demand of a utility with the allowable power rating (PR) of air-conditioning (AC) systems has been developed in this paper through a well defined methodology. The model is capable to predict the extent of allowable...

  10. Radiological Conditions in Areas of Kuwait with Residues of Depleted Uranium RADIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    unknown authors

    Under the terms of Article III of its Statute, the IAEA is authorized to establish standards of safety for protection against ionizing radiation and to provide for the application of these standards to peaceful nuclear activities. The regulatory related publications by means of which the IAEA establishes safety standards and measures are issued in the IAEA Safety Standards Series. This series covers nuclear safety, radiation safety, transport safety and waste safety, and also general safety (that is, of relevance in two or more of the four areas), and the categories within it are Safety Fundamentals, Safety Requirements and Safety Guides. Safety Fundamentals (blue lettering) present basic objectives, concepts and principles of safety and protection in the development and application of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. Safety Requirements (red lettering) establish the requirements that must be met to ensure safety. These requirements, which are expressed as ‘shall ’ statements, are governed by the objectives and principles presented in the Safety Fundamentals. Safety Guides (green lettering) recommend actions, conditions or procedures for meeting safety requirements. Recommendations in Safety Guides are expressed as ‘should ’ statements, with the implication that it is necessary to take the measures recommended or equivalent alternative measures to comply with the requirements. The IAEA’s safety standards are not legally binding on Member States but may be adopted by them, at their own discretion, for use in national regulations in respect of their own activities. The standards are binding on the IAEA in relation to its own operations and on States in relation to operations assisted by the IAEA. Information on the IAEA’s safety standards programme (including editions in languages other than English) is available at the IAEA Internet site www.iaea.org/ns/coordinet

  11. E-Print Network 3.0 - al-sulaibiya field kuwait Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    fr Mathematik, Universitt Wien Collection: Mathematics 14 Women in Physics in Egypt and the Arab World Karimat ElSayed Summary: to show the percentage of women in physics...

  12. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman Meets with U.S. Troops in Kuwait |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from the Gridwise Global1WasteRecovery ActResilienceReliability |LaureatesinDepartment

  13. Out of Africa & into the Sunshine State : tracking an exotic invader

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weeks, Erin Maureen

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the story of an invasive species and one man's quest to eradicate it. The Nile monitor lizard (Varanus niloticus), smaller cousin of the famed Komodo dragon, grows into six feet of carnivorous, ill-tempered muscle. ...

  14. Emerging and opportunistic diseases are caused by a microorganism invading a new

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gomulkiewicz, Richard

    the pathogenic lifestyle might become self-sustainable), which we believe is the most common outcome. The source populations are self-sustaining, and sink habitats, where populations can be maintained continu- ously only is true in sources. For example, populations of an annual phlox plant in loose sandy loam are self-sustaining

  15. abha saudi arabia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in vertical sequence, were used to give reliable interpretation of depositional environment and local... Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah 1991-01-01 51 Abiotic Soil Factors...

  16. arabia saudi biological: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in vertical sequence, were used to give reliable interpretation of depositional environment and local... Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah 1991-01-01 51 Abiotic Soil Factors...

  17. version 25Apr11b From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    . We examine issues of oil and natural gas price levels, volatility, financial speculation in futures of this course, students will understand the role of oil in the geo-strategy of especially the U.S., China, OPEC. They will understand the natural-resource and political-economic constraints underlying contemporary energy geo

  18. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar PowerstoriesNrelPartnerType Jump to:CoStrategies(Redirected fromResourceArabia:

  19. Yanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende NewSowitec doWinvest Financing

  20. Readout of Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September 15,2015 | DepartmentLoansDepartmentDepartment of Energy Energy

  1. Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September2-SCORECARD-01-24-13 Page 1to Launch NewBiorefinery

  2. OLCF Researcher to Work with Clean Combustion Center at Saudi...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with Engine Knock Research Researchers at the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology Clean Combustion Research Center and ORNL are using supercomputer simulations...

  3. Architectural Academic Tourism: Saudi Chronicles or Social Mobility for Women through Architectural Design and Education in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jann, Marga

    2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    to learn, though for many (some brides and mothers from a very early age) the experience was more an opportunity to socialize outside the home. During the (ongoing) MERS epidemic, students who had been seriously ill with fever and cough refused to get... .g. mechanical respiration) would actually go to the hospital, and with antibiotics readily available over-the-counter, people self-treated for cough, fever and/or pneumonia. Typically no one stayed home to protect others from infection unless they were truly...

  4. Global simulations of smoke from Kuwaiti oil fires and possible effects on climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C.; Kao, C.Y.J.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Los Alamos Global Climate Model has bee used to simulate the global evolution of the Kuwaiti oil fire smoke and its potential effects on the climate. The initial simulations were done shortly before the fires were lit in January 1991. They indicated that such an event would not result in a Mini Nuclear Winter'' as some people were suggesting. Further simulations during the year suggested that the smoke could be responsible for subtle regional climate changes in the spring such as a 5 degree centigrade decrease in the surface temperature in Kuwait, a 10% decrease in precipitation in Saudi Arabia and a 10% increase in precipitation in the Tibetan Plateau region. These results are in qualitative agreement with the observations this year.

  5. Middle East: Slow year on the Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article surveys the petroleum outlook in the Middle East area. Observations include: Saudi Arabia's money crunch continues to keep the lid on exploration, production work; Abu Dhabi has also curtailed operations because of low oil prices, reduced budgets; Followup drilling has been disappointing around recent gas strikes in Sharjah, Dubai; Oman's aggressive EandP program will result in a 30% drilling increase this year; Kuwait isn't slowing down its development of light oil either; the goal is 40 new wells; Iran and Iraq are still boosting export capacities despite attacks on oil facilities; North Yemen's Alief field is a major find. Numerous structures remain to be drilled; Syria, Bahrain have development projects underway. Turkey is attracting U.S. majors.

  6. Global simulations of smoke from Kuwaiti oil fires and possible effects on climate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C.; Kao, C.Y.J.

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Los Alamos Global Climate Model has bee used to simulate the global evolution of the Kuwaiti oil fire smoke and its potential effects on the climate. The initial simulations were done shortly before the fires were lit in January 1991. They indicated that such an event would not result in a ``Mini Nuclear Winter`` as some people were suggesting. Further simulations during the year suggested that the smoke could be responsible for subtle regional climate changes in the spring such as a 5 degree centigrade decrease in the surface temperature in Kuwait, a 10% decrease in precipitation in Saudi Arabia and a 10% increase in precipitation in the Tibetan Plateau region. These results are in qualitative agreement with the observations this year.

  7. The post-war Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tempest, P.

    1992-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The Middle East remains today the global energy fulcrum. One year after the Persian Gulf war, the region is in greater turmoil and political uncertainty than it has known in modern times. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and subsequent external military intervention forced neighboring states to question the need for a foreign military presence in the future. The rift between the secular revolutionary states in the region led by Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Algeria, and Syria and the traditional monarchy of Saudi Arabia and the emirates of the gulf has widened. Egypt provides, at present, an uncomfortable bridge. The balance of political forces may be shifting. This paper attempts to answer the following questions: Where will we see the new leadership in the Middle East Will it again play a role through the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and determination of the oil price in shaping the structure of global energy supply and demand

  8. New constraints in absorptive capacity and the optimum rate of petroleum output

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Mallakh, R

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Economic policy in four oil-producing countries is analyzed within a framework that combines a qualitative assessment of the policy-making process with an empirical formulation based on historical and current trends in these countries. The concept of absorptive capacity is used to analyze the optimum rates of petroleum production in Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. A control solution with an econometric model is developed which is then modified for alternative development strategies based on analysis of factors influencing production decisions. The study shows the consistencies and inconsistencies between the goals of economic growth, oil production, and exports, and the constraints on economic development. Simulation experiments incorporated a number of the constraints on absorptive capacity. Impact of other constraints such as income distribution and political stability is considered qualitatively. (DLC)

  9. Trade balance instability and the optimal exchange rate regime: The case of OPEC countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aljerrah, M.A.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The OPEC members have experienced wide fluctuations in their trade balances. This can be attributed to several factors: (1) heavy dependence of national income and export earnings on a single primary export-oil; (2) instability of price and world demand for oil; and (3) the exchange rate regime practiced in recent years. An exchange rate policy can be used to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance, given the changes in exchange rates of major international currencies. The purpose of this study is two fold; first, examine the effects of fluctuations in trade balance on the OPEC economies, and second, propose appropriate exchange rate regime for selected OPEC members. The study is divided into two parts. The first part demonstrates the impact of trade balance changes on national income and other macroeconomic variables using a Keynesian framework. The second part involves using conventional trade models to search for the appropriate exchange rate regime to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance of each selective country. The study's findings are: first, fluctuations in trade balances had negative effects on the economics of Algeria, Kuwait, Libya, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Second, the current exchange rate regime of no sample country is optimal in minimizing trade balance fluctuations. Third, in contrast to expectations, U.S. dollar peg did not stabilize the trade balance of any OPEC member. Finally, the results show that the sample OPEC economies could have enjoyed faster - though with different degree - economic growth if they had pegged their currencies to the derived optimal exchange rate regime. These optimal exchange rate regimes are: the SDR for Algeria and the United Arab Emirates, the purchasing power parity for Libya and Saudi Arabia, and the real Yen for Kuwait.

  10. Hydrogeophysical methods for analyzing aquifer storage and recovery systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minsley, B.J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1995. Hydrogeology of the Dammam formation in Umm GudairGeology and hydrogeology of the Dammam formation in Kuwait.freshwater storage in the Dammam formation, Kuwait. Arabian

  11. SOVEREIGN WEALTH FUNDS AND NATIONAL SECURITY: THE GREAT TRADEOFF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COHEN, BENJAMIN J

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kuwait’s pioneering Investment Authority was deliberately designed to provide for the day when the Emirate’s oil wells

  12. Impact of oil revenues on foreign policy: a comparative analysis of Iran and Kuwait, 1974-1978

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kavoossi, M.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study compares the pattern of investment and expenditure of oil revenues to discern the existence of common and divergent elements in the policies of these Persian Gulf members of OPEC: one small Arab country, and one large non-Arab country with basic human and technical infrastructure. The study specifically surveys the utilization of oil revenues for the purchase of arms and technology, and for foreign aid programs. Externally, the economic upsurge during this period generated a new quasi-independent economic and political foreign policy. This quasi-independence is reflected, in part, by the ability to choose partners and allies without fearing financial reprisal from the major and super powers; by greater self reliance and greater freedom of action and the ability to impose their will; by their ability to exert integrative or disintegrative economic pressure on alliances and pursue conflict or cooperation with other nations; and finally by their potential ability to draw other states into regional conflicts and to influence the global balance of power. The study views oil as the overriding factor, among multiple operative factors in determinants of foreign policy in this strategically crucial region. Oil contributes not only as a substantial part of the gross national product, but also provides the bulk of the nation's export and foreign exchange revenues needed for import. As such, its influence dwarfs the importance of non-oil trade.

  13. Evading/Invading History: Adolescent Preoccupations with Reality, the Historical Present and Popular Culture in Spanish GenX Narratives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norberg, Paul G.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the fictional characters, Jimmy el Pincho, his attention ispart in his murder known as Jimmy El Pincho Bernstein. Theconcerning Dutch Schultz and Jimmy el Pincho are all told

  14. Evading/Invading History: Adolescent Preoccupations with Reality, the Historical Present and Popular Culture in Spanish GenX Narratives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norberg, Paul G.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ha sido igual que una peli porno” (78). Comparing their acty eso hacían los chicos del porno. Y se me fijó una obsesiónal contrario de lo que el porno me había hecho creer, las

  15. 1www.aquaticinvaders.org Aquatic Invaders Volume 17 Number 3 Vol.17, No.3, July-September 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Fanslow DL, Foley AJ III, Lang GA, Eadie BJ, Quigley MA. 2006. Continued disappearance of the benthic. Eadie 1 and Michael A. Quigley 1 1 Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, NOAA; 2205

  16. Volunteer Day Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    when you signed in: Benin Brazil Burkina Faso China Colombia Honduras Japan Jordan Korea Kuwait Libya

  17. Thursday, February 9, 2012 ODU MODEL UN SOCIETY HOSTING 35TH ANNUAL HIGH SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and missions in Afghanistan, Botswana, the former Czechoslovakia, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Italy, Kuwait, Libya

  18. La Chua Trail Immunization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mair, Bernard A.

    China Colombia Costa Rica Ecuador France Greece India Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Qatar Russia

  19. Per Diem (US$)/ (Akashi) 297

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Jordan) (Amman) 182 135 (Kuwait) 339 (Bahrain) 226 (Qatar) 187 (United Arab Emirates) (Abu Dhabi) 206

  20. Smokes from the oil fires following the Gulf War: A review and new perspectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radke, L.F.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Emissions resulting from the oil fires in Kuwait and environmental effects from those emissions are described.

  1. This paper was prepared for presentation at the 2005 SPE Technical Symposium of Saudi Arabia Section held in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, 14-16 May 2005.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    produced water handling and disposal issues. The increased water-oil ratio also presents productivity problems ; many wells will die prematurely due to increased water holdup. The produced water management will save many producing wells from dying prematurely and save millions of dollars in produced water

  2. Impact of Thermally Insulated Floors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alghimlas, F.; Omar, E. A.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Measures for their Implementation in Kuwait (DOE-1), Volume 2: Development of Typical Meteorological Year for Kuwait (Element 2, Sub-element 6). Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research Report No. KISR5857, Kuwait. 2000. ... Department of Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research for revision of the code this paper analyzes the effect of using un-insulated floors on the peak cooling demand and energy consumption of a middle income residential private villa and a one- bedroom...

  3. Customer behaviour towards internet banking: a study of the dormant users of Saudi Arabia .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AlMohaimmeed, Bader M

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Technology acceptance, especially internet banking acceptance has become a vital issue in the business world today. A number of studies agree on the importance of… (more)

  4. The use of the internet among EFL teachers at the Colleges of Technology in Saudi Arabia.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Asmari, Ali M.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Because of its far reaching impact on many aspects and functions of educational institutions and its potential benefits for educators, the Internet has been the… (more)

  5. Lean Production Using Modular Construction: Study of the Ministry of Education's Projects in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alshayeb, Mohammed Jawad

    2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    of the University of Dammam (King Faisal University) where my engineering knowledge and basic understanding was formed. Special thanks to Professor Yousef Alohali for his guidance and support during my undergraduate education as well as during the completion...

  6. Developing a classroom science enrichment programme for gifted primary school boys in Saudi Arabia.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alarfaj, Abdulhamid

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Enrichment is one of the important educational facilities that are provided for gifted students. However, the research on gifted enrichment programmes still requires further exploration… (more)

  7. Using Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) to Resolve the Major Construction Project Delay Causes in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alkhalid, Khalid Abdullah

    2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) has gained attention in the United States and Europe as an effective delivery method for construction projects. The aim of this research paper is to determine the major causes of delay in ...

  8. al-qassim saudi arabia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in vertical sequence, were used to give reliable interpretation of depositional environment and local... Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah 1991-01-01 51 Abiotic Soil Factors...

  9. al-hassa saudi arabia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in vertical sequence, were used to give reliable interpretation of depositional environment and local... Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah 1991-01-01 51 Abiotic Soil Factors...

  10. ENROLLED WSU INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS 1 Albania 1 35 Jamaica 2 69 Saudi Arabia 75

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Republic 1 53 New Zealand 2 87 United Arab Emirates 6 20 Dominican Republic 3 54 Nigeria 5 88 United

  11. Nesting Biology of the Leafcutting Bee Megachile minutissima (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) in Central Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alqarni, Abdulaziz S.; Hannan, Mohammed A.; Gonzalez, Victor H.; Engel, Michael S.

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The leafcutting bee Megachile (Eutricharaea) minutissima Radoszkowski is a widely distributed species in the Middle East and a promising pollinator of alfalfa. We provide information on the nest architecture, foraging behavior, phenology, and host...

  12. A Crude Threat :The Limits of an Iranian Missile Campaign against Saudi Arabian Oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Itzkowitz Shifrinson, Joshua

    The United States and its Persian Gulf allies have been increasingly concerned with the growing size and complexity of Iran's ballistic missile programs. At a time when the United States and its allies remain locked in a ...

  13. E-Print Network 3.0 - adult saudi patients Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    holding recovery area. Both the inpatient... and outpatient populations are served from pediatric to adult. Within their role, the Radiology ... Source: Duke University, Center...

  14. Industrial experience at the Arabian American Oil Company in Saudi Arabia: an internship report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akkad, Ruwaid Ahmed, 1943-

    2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Limitations ....... ..46 b. Determination of Optimum Circulating Rate-.- 47 c. Determination of Pressure Available to the Bit .................................... ..50 d. Selection of Nozzle Combinations ........ .51 e. Weight on the Bit and Rotary Speed... to the operational nature of the work and partly due to the shortage of engineering manpower. As a result, the work was generally assigned on the basis of an engineer per rig(s), an engineer per field(s), or an engineer per area(s). This report, therefore...

  15. Construction management and its application to the delivery of the Lamar Towers in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassouf, Ronald Elie

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Construction Management (CM) is becoming the delivery method of choice for constructing complicated projects. Previously, the most common method to employ was the General Contracting method, where the contractor and designer ...

  16. Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    proportional to carbon emissions. Human Development Index (GDPcapita, education level, health care, etc.) vs. Electricity Use United States U.S. must reduce carbon emissions by...

  17. Reservoir characteristics of the Devonian Jauf Formation in Shedgum area, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Duaiji, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Detrital grains were classified as quartz (monocrystalline), feldspar, rock fragments (mostly polycrystalline quartz), others (includes heavy minerals, opaques, and mica), and matrix. Detrital grain compositions were then normalized to one hundred... percent. Cements were considered as the percent of the bulk composition. Mean grain size was determined from long axis measurements of 100 monocrystalline quartz grains in each thin section. The maximum grain size, and standard deviation were used...

  18. Urban dwelling environments in rapidly growing cities : case study, Unayzah, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alohali, Yousef Nasser

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study is concerned with two critical issues: a) the housing situation of middle income groups; b) the use of land in new developments. A tentative planning model for urban land development and a survey of existing ...

  19. Societal and technical issues in the industrial development of Saudi Arabia and Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundukulam, Vibin A. (Vibin Anto)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sustained industrial development in developing nations has been an impetus for economic growth and technological advancements for the past several decades, in addition to being a major contributor to poverty reduction. ...

  20. Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F S i DOE Tribal Leader Forum

  1. Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office0-72.pdfGeorgeDoesn't32 Master EM ManagementWe at NAPA share withPublicSpring 2015

  2. Meeting Our Partners in Saudi Arabia and U.S. Military Forces in Bahrain |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen OwnedofDepartment ofJared Temanson -ofMarc Morial -ThisMedgate,Department of

  3. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende New Energy Co Ltd Jump to:Kenersys India Pvt LtdKhmer

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - asthenosphere beneath saudi Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of 60 km beneath... the hotspot and that asthenospheric flow beneath the Eifel is a passive response to plate motion. A 410 km... ABSTRACT We review evidence for plumelike...

  5. Oil and gas development in Middle East in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.; Phillips, C.B.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1987 totaled an estimated 4,500,500,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,330,137 b/d), up slightly from the revised 1986 total of 4,478,972,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic had significant increases; Kuwait and Saudi Arabia had significant decreases. Production was established for the first time in People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. New fields went on production in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, and Syria, and significant oil discoveries were reported in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic. The level of exploration increased in 1987 with new concessions awarded in some countries, drilling and seismic activities on the increase, new regions in mature areas explored for the first time, and significant reserve additions reported in new and old permits. The Iraq-Iran war still had a negative impact in some regions of the Middle East, particularly in and around the Gulf. 11 figs., 4 tabs.

  6. CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  7. The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

  8. World crude output overcomes Persian Gulf disruption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several OPEC producers made good on their promises to replace 2.7 MMbpd of oil exports that vanished from the world market after Iraq took over Kuwait. Even more incredibly, they accomplished this while a breathtaking 1.2- MMbopd reduction in Soviet output took place during the course of 1991. After Abu Dhabi, Indonesia, Iran, Libya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela turned the taps wide open, their combined output rose 2.95 MMbopd. Put together with a 282,000-bopd increase by Norway and contributions from smaller producers, this enabled world oil production to remain within 400,000 bopd of its 1990 level. The 60.5-MMbopd average was off by just 0.7%. This paper reports that improvement took place in five of eight regions. Largest increases were in Western Europe and Africa. Greatest reductions occurred in Eastern Europe and the Middle East. Fifteen nations produced 1 MMbopd or more last year, compared with 17 during 1990.

  9. Need for refining capacity creates opportunities for producers in Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ali, M.S.S. (Bahrain National Oil Co., Awali (Bahrain))

    1994-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Oil industry interest in refining has revived in the past few years in response to rising oil consumption. The trend creates opportunities, for countries in the Middle East, which do not own refining assets nearly in proportion to their crude oil reserved. By closing this gap between reserves and refining capacity, the countries can ease some of the instability now characteristic of the oil market. Some major oil producing countries have begun to move downstream. During the 1980s, Venezuela, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Libya, and other members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries acquired refining assets through direct total purchase or joint ventures. Nevertheless, the oil industry remains largely unintegrated, with the Middle East holding two thirds of worldwide oil reserves but only a small share downstream. As worldwide refining capacity swings from a period of surplus toward one in which the need for new capacity will be built. The paper discusses background of the situation, shrinking surplus, investment requirements, sources of capital, and shipping concerns.

  10. Middle East crisis and US energy policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The worldwide embargo of oil from Iraq and Kuwait imposed following Iraq's Aug. 2 takeover of its neighbor cut world oil supply by an estimated 4.3 million barrels per day--7 percent of world production. Other major oil producers, notably Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Venezuela, are stepping up their production and are expected to make up for most of the shortfall--at least for awhile. As a result, the International Energy Agency, the 21-member agency set up in the 1970s to respond to such emergencies, expects world oil supplies to be adequate through October. But two factors complicate matters in the long run: the drawdown of inventories in August that cut out a cushion that could have been used later and the use now of excess OPEC production capacity that was expected to be used this winter. The result is that the increase in cold weather demand could bring on a 3 million bpd shortage this winter, which would push prices higher.

  11. CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  12. Tectonic synthesis of the northern Arabian platform

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Everett, J.R.; Russell, O.R.; Stasxkowski, R.J.; Loyd, S.P.; Tabbutt, V.M. (Earth Satellite Corp., Chevy Chase, MD (USA)); Dolan, P.; Stein, A. (Dolan and Associates, Richmond (England)); Scott, J. (Petroleum Geological Analysis, Ltd., Reading (England))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The creation and destruction of Tethys oceans from the early Mesozoic to the present has created a complex suture zone along the Zagros/Bitlus trend. The fundamental interactions are between the Arabian and Euasian plates, but several microplates trapped between the major plates further complicate the tectonic fabric of the region. On the west, the Arabian plate slides past the African plate and the Sinai microplate along the Levant fault. The Palmyrides are related to a bend in this plate boundary and are not an offset extension of the Syrian arc. As Arabia penetrates Eurasia the Anatolian block is escaping to the west along the northern (right-lateral) and eastern (left-lateral) faults. Convergence of the Eurasian and Arabian plates resulted in ophiolite abduction (Late Cretaceous), followed by continent-continent collision (Miocene to present). The zone of collision is marked by the Bitlis-Zagrosa suture. Structural features associated with the collision include overthrusting, impactogens, and complexly folded and faulted mountain systems. Intensity and complexity of structuring decreases southward into open long-wavelength folds on the Arabian Platform. The fortuitous combination of rich source rocks, abundant reservoir rocks with primary and fracture porosity, and numerous trapping structures make this an extraordinary prolific hydrocarbon province. A structural and lithologic interpretation of 53 contiguous Landsat Multispectral Scanner scenes covering all of Syria, Iraq, and Kuwait, and portions of Turkey, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, and Saudi Arabia has provided insights into the tectonic history of this area and its hydrocarbon accumulation.

  13. Redesign of Electrical Installations to Maximize the Use of Photo Voltaic (PV) Cells at the End Use of Consumers in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alatrash, J.; Mhaisen, N.; Ismail, Z.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) Photovoltaic PV 2010 1900 2 20 Photovoltaic PV2020 900 2 20 Table 2 gives the current price of Photovoltaic for Crystalline Silicon and Thin Films/Concentrators, while the price will be much reduced in the year 2020 as a result of using Thin Films... system was to meet a maximum demand load of 9710 MW in the year 2008, then the cost of one KW load was 19 475 /9710= 2005 US$/KW. By comparing this cost with the expected PV Photovoltaic in 2010 -given in Table 2 ? it is seems that the conventional...

  14. Economic interests in the domestic politics of war : evidence from U.S. decisions to go to war with Iraq in 1991 and 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seljan, Samuel Sierra

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    percent of the world’s oil reserves, additional leverage inin size. Kuwait’s oil reserves, while relatively large, onlyto offset Iraqi Proven oil reserves figures from Humphreys

  15. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Figure 5. Monthly oil production for Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait,day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq Kuwait Figure 6.and the peak in U.S. oil production account for the broad

  16. Prof. Cauligi (Raghu) Raghavendra Vice Dean for Global Academic Initiatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Chongwu

    and Turkey ­ DEN Opportunities: Kuwait Oil Company, Aviation Safety in IFEZ, Korea, PEMEX and UNAM in Mexico

  17. Wald L., Baleynaud J.-M., 1999. Observing air quality over the city of Nantes by means of Landsat thermal infrared data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 20, 5, 947-959.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    oil wells in Kuwait were set on fire. As a result smoke plumes have obscured the sky south of Kuwait. As an example, the relative monthly solar radiation in Bahrain, 600 km south-east of Kuwait, was reduced by upto

  18. Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kuwait, Middle East, oil and gas fields, oil refinery, oil waste, oil well,Equipment Kuwait Oil Co. 1991. Mideast well fire, oil spillKuwait, Persian Gulf, Saudia Arabia, Oil spill, cleanup, oil spills, crude, oil spill incidents, oil spills-pipeline, warfare, oil skimmers, oil wells,

  19. Building for Oil: Corporate Colonialism, Nationalism and Urban Modernity in Ahmadi, 1946-1992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alissa, Reem IR

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mythmaking on the Saudi Oil Frontier (Stanford: Stanfordthe Al-Sabah, and Oil, A British Academy PostdoctoralMythmaking on the Saudi Oil Frontier. Stanford, California:

  20. E-Print Network 3.0 - arab emirates evaluation Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    emirates evaluation Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab...

  1. Web-based gis and public participation:an aid to widening female participation in revitalizing outdoor recreational facilities in saudi arabia. a case study in jeddah, saudi arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daghistani, Farouk

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    and employing an Internet / GIS participatory approach can facilitate (without conflicting with the local conservative cultural norms) women’s participation in the municipal decision making process of the neighborhood’s outdoor recreational facilities. The goal...

  2. Selection of structural systems and materials: minimizing lateral drift and cost of tall buildings in Saudi Arabia.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ALShamrani, Othman Subhi

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This thesis proposes procedures and guidelines for selection of optimum structural systems and materials in two stages. Stage one is based on a list of… (more)

  3. Application of Well-Based Surrogate Reservoir Models (SRMs) to Two Offshore Fields in Saudi Arabia, Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    SPE 153845 Application of Well-Based Surrogate Reservoir Models (SRMs) to Two Offshore Fields for presentation at the SPE Western North American Regional Meeting held in Bakersfield, California, USA, 19, the pressure and saturation changes at each grid block. Well-based SRM is based on the pattern recognition

  4. Straddler-based Gender Reform in Saudi Arabia: The Case of Jeddah Chamber of Commerce and Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Katherine

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Globalization in the Arab Middle East: Gender, Economyand Globalization in the Arab Middle East: Gender, Economy

  5. The Effect of Mediated Glosses on Vocabulary Retention and Reading Comprehension with English Language Learners in Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Ghafli, Mansour Hussain

    2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    audio, text, and picture glosses (M=9.72) had higher comprehension scores than the text-based group (M=8.35), F (2,218) =3.07, p<.05. Those who received the audio, text, and picture gloss (M=3.88) agreed that "Online texts are better than paper...

  6. The Influence of Mathematics Teachers' Knowledge in Technology, Pedagogy and Content (TPACK) on their Teaching Effectiveness in Saudi Public Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alshehri, Khaled Abdullah

    2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Alayafi, Dr. Ahamed Abdullah Alshehri, Mr. Faisal Abdulrahman Alshehri, Maj. Saeed Abdullah Alshehri, Mr. Mohammed Ali Alshehri, Mr. Hatem Abdullah Alshehri, Mr. Nasser Ali Alshehri, Mr. Ahamed Ibrahim Alshehri, Mr. Salem Ibrahim Alshehri, Ms. Fatimah...

  7. Oil, politics, society and the state in the middle east: Enduring authoritarianism in Iran and Saudi Arabia.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martorell, Benjamin E

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?? This thesis examines the relationship between oil and the persistence of authoritarianism in the Middle East. Specifically, it analyzes and critiques the rentier state… (more)

  8. An application of cost-benefit analysis to the Al-Qateef, Saudi Arabia, water management project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thenayan, Abdullah T

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    ! VJa i!;e . ". v~11 or e, Y, ro~, i o ~ '!. " 'r . n~= . = La, i 'i. g . i;. . ' & - ( ':n&' t I:eric! ~i&-. 0 'l l ". ": ~ . : ' . t C C'!2 '. " FF Ps . , = i'urpc se o L i!2 9 t'll v T. e I, I? Ct. lc' 0 us' Lo L. E. - '(?'mi cf 2I At ai? 1 p...?u!cd for the ircreasc- product. This defic-. 'cncy is sl?ac. :d ly 31' siudic - ?adP o!I the cc ntry [12, 16. , j6, 1-". , 33, 3S] . i'?:2 fci!: r: to consicier the dern" nr! sir!e in a11: hcse stud!Cs s. erne frow t! . ?Pet tbs' chase studies ale ! ai nly conce...

  9. Selected References Arnetz BB, Templin T, Saudi W, Jamil H. Obstructive sleep apnea, PTSD and health in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cinabro, David

    mental health: mediating effect of organizational efficiency. J Occup Environ Med, Lichtenberg P, Luborsky M, Arnetz BB. Organizational climate determinants of resident, Lucas T, Arnetz JE. Organizational climate, occupational stress, and employee

  10. LINEAR AND NON-LINEAR TECHNIQUES FOR ESTIMATING THE MONEY DEMAND FUNCTION: THE CASE OF SAUDI ARABIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsahafi, Mamdooh

    2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    aggregates). The first approach is the conventional way, which is based on empirical literature where non-oil GDP is used as a measure for income. The second approach is the consumer demand approach to money demand. This approach emphasizes the use...

  11. D-SPARQ: Distributed, Scalable and Efficient RDF Query Engine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hitzler, Pascal

    of Dammam, Saudi Arabia. University of New South Wales, High Street, Kensington, NSW, Australia 2052. ssakr

  12. Static Analysis and Clustering of Malware Applying Text Based Search Mudhi Aljamea', Vida Ghanaei, Costas S. Iliopoulos', Richard E Overill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Overill, Richard E.

    of Dammam, Saudi ArabiaÂą Department of Mathematics & Statistics, University of Western Australia, Australia

  13. International Opportunities.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Jim

    contact Jon Inegbedion: Libya, Egypt, Turkey, Iraq, Iran Rami Al Mousa: Jordan, Bahrain, Saudi, Qatar

  14. ernational Multi-Co s, Signals &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, India, Iraq, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Oman, Romania, Saudi Arabia

  15. Leak Testing the DMT Cloud Condensation Nuclei Counter for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Saudi Arabia field project was funded by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia through a contract with Weather housing. Don't try to tighten the metal fitting on the pump housing. #12;Hard Places to Find Leaks Saudi Operator Manual Rev D page 45. March 22, 2009 Saudi Arabia Down to 450 mb, climb to 500 mb took 311 seconds

  16. 9 April 2009 Case Study: Current Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Saudi Arabia field project was funded by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia through a contract with Weather Radar Display Riyadh Saudi Arabia 9 April 2009 13:19:40 Aircraft Track #12;9 April 2009 Flight Liquid water content equivalent (1 Hz data) at 18,000 ft measured by 2-DC probe on a research flight in Saudi

  17. Im Rahmen der Vorlesung Bank-und Kapitalmarktrecht veranstaltet der Lehrstuhl fr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubart, Christoph

    Papua New Guinea Saudi Arabia Singapore Spain Sweden United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States

  18. Global Report International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    - lic of Palau, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, United

  19. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kuwait, Madagascar, Montenegro, Myanmar, Niger, Norway,Luxembourg Malta Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway PolandLuxembourg Malta Monaco 7 Montenegro Netherlands Norway

  20. The role of aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) in sustainbility.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AlRukaibi, Duaij

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Kuwait is an arid country situated at the head of the Arabian Gulf and its water resources can be classified into three significant types: (1)… (more)

  1. air museum regional: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the smallest influence of fossil Krakauer, Nir Y. 50 Daylighting systems for the Kuwait National Museum Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: Daylight in Museums...

  2. Essays on the politics of regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weymouth, Stephen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iran Israel Jamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait KyrgyzHungary Tajikistan Romania Kazakhstan Senegal Czech RepublicBosnia and Herzegovina Kazakhstan Turkey Poland Belarus

  3. Stumbling Toward Capitalism: The State, Global Production Networks, and the Unexpected Emergence of China's Independent Auto Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Crystal Whai-ku

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brazil, Ecuador, Ghana, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkmenistan,shares are concentrated in Kazakhstan, Sudan, Venezuela, andIraq, Kuwait, Libya and Kazakhstan (Jiang and Sinton 2011:

  4. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guyana Indonesia Jordan Kazakhstan Kyrgyz Republic Laoof Iraq Jamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Macedonia, FYR MaldivesJamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea Kuwait Kyrgyz

  5. IS OPEC'S ALLOCATION OF CRUDE OIL PRODUCTION EFFICIENT? (Bachelor Thesis in Economics); IS OPEC?S ALLOCATION OF CRUDE OIL PRODUCTION EFFICIENT? (Bachelor Thesis in Economics).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ud din, Fateh; hazar, Hazal

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?? The foundation of OPEC (Organization of Oil Exporting Countries) was laid in the early 1960?s by the five major oil exporters, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait,… (more)

  6. http://onlinex.mit.edu/bigdata Registrations by Country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Daniel

    Cyprus Kazakstan Portugal Ukraine Czech Republic Kenya Puerto Rico United Arab Emirates Denmark Kuwait Qatar United Kingdom Ecuador Latvia Republic of Korea United States Vietnam #12;http

  7. E-Print Network 3.0 - agroforest sulawesi indonesia Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    - Aceh, Papua, Central Sulawesi, Maluku Kenya Kuwait Liberia Myanmar (former Burma) Nepal Nigeria... Former USSR - Azerbaijan Kyrgystan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Guatemala Guyana...

  8. Demand and Price Uncertainty: Rational Habits in International Gasoline Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, K. Rebecca

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sterner. 1991. Analysing gasoline demand elasticities: A2011. Measuring global gasoline and diesel price and incomeMutairi. 1995. Demand for gasoline in Kuwait: An empirical

  9. E-Print Network 3.0 - arab emirates 4-7 Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: OF AMERICA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO KUWAIT UNITED ARAB EMIRATES GUAM BAHRAIN NETHERLAND ANTILLES QATAR U.S. VIRGIN... ISLANDS (MALVINAS) LUXEMBOURG UNITED STATES OF AMERICA...

  10. E-Print Network 3.0 - arab emirates united Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: OF AMERICA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO KUWAIT UNITED ARAB EMIRATES GUAM BAHRAIN NETHERLAND ANTILLES QATAR U.S. VIRGIN... ISLANDS (MALVINAS) LUXEMBOURG UNITED STATES OF AMERICA...

  11. E-Print Network 3.0 - ain-united arab emirates Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: OF AMERICA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO KUWAIT UNITED ARAB EMIRATES GUAM BAHRAIN NETHERLAND ANTILLES QATAR U.S. VIRGIN... ISLANDS (MALVINAS) LUXEMBOURG UNITED STATES OF AMERICA...

  12. E-Print Network 3.0 - arab emirates earthquakes Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: OF AMERICA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO KUWAIT UNITED ARAB EMIRATES GUAM BAHRAIN NETHERLAND ANTILLES QATAR U.S. VIRGIN... ISLANDS (MALVINAS) LUXEMBOURG UNITED STATES OF AMERICA...

  13. Underwriter Medical Insurance Al Rajhi Company for Cooperative Insurance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omar, Mohammad H.

    and Dammam with a plan to open more offices in different cities in Saudi Arabia. About the Company See more

  14. Marginal Cost of Steam and Power from Cogeneration Systems Using a Rational Value-Allocation Procedure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumana, J. D.; Al-Gwaiz, M. M.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -Gwaiz, BS EE Energy Conservation Engineer Saudi Aramco, Ras Tanura, Saudi Arabia majid.gwaiz@aramco.com ABSTRACT The problem of pricing steam and power from cogeneration systems has confounded engineers, economists, and accountants for a very... MARGINAL COST OF STEAM AND POWER FROM COGENERATION SYSTEMS USING A RATIONAL VALUE-ALLOCATION PROCEDURE Jimmy D Kumana, MS ChE Energy Conservation Specialist Saudi Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia jimmy.kumana@aramco.com Majid M Al...

  15. Paintball Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Korea Libya Niger Peru Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Spain Sri Lanka Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine UAE United

  16. Zong-Liang Yang CV Page 1 of 39 Curriculum Vitae for Dr. Zong-Liang Yang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    within China. NOAA/National Weather Service Office of Hydrologic Development (OHD) Hydrology Graduate Resources in Saudi Arabia,

  17. Paper Preview Paper Number 63180-MS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

    Preconditioning Authors M.A. Aggour, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals; M.A. Al-Muhareb, Saudi Aramco

  18. Follow Up for Emergency Department Patients After Intravenous Contrast and Risk of Nephropathy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions. J Am Collfollowing percutaneous coronary intervention. Saudi J Kidneyafter percutaneous coronary intervention: development and

  19. Case study of the 9 April 2009 `brown' cloud: Observations of Unusually High Cloud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Saudi Arabia field project was funded by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia through a contract with Weather Concentrations in Saudi Arabia David J. Delene Atmospheric Sciences Department University of North Dakota #12;Research Motivation for Weather Modification Water Resource Stresses Severe Weather Hazards Inadvertent

  20. A41E-0166: Measurements of the Statistical Relationship between Cloud Base Aerosols and Cloud Droplet Concentrations David J Delene, University of North Dakota (delene@aero.und.edu; http://aerosol.atmos.und.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    in Saudi Arabia, North Dakota and Mali are analyzed to determine the relationship of below cloud base during the 2007 rainy season in Mali were generally lower than in North Dakota and Saudi Arabia or dust. Saudi Arabia has high aerosol concentration, lots of dust (> 1 µm), and higher cloud droplet

  1. DR. DAVID J. DELENE ASSISTANT RESEARCH PROFESSOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    Zealand, West Africa and Saudi Arabia. RESEARCH INTERESTS: Atmospheric aerosols, cloud physics, weather: Current Research Projects Weather Modification Research in Saudi Arabia The project's goal is to access the microphysics of precipitation formation in the Saudi Arabia region. Airborne measurements of aerosol and cloud

  2. SOLERAS - Saudi University Solar Cooling Laboratories Project: King Faisal University. Design analysis study. Volume 1. Design review report, data acquisition plan and experimental plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Four preliminary passive solar dwelling design concepts were developed based upon previously established climatic design criteria and an identification of applicable passive cooling strategies was made. These were quantitatively compared for their thermal performance based upon a computer program. The selected concept was optimized and preliminary construction drawings and details were submitted for review by SOLERAS. This report deals with the further refinement and development of the design concept and improvements of the performance of the selected passive elements. The final design has been detailed for actual construction and monitoring at the King Faisal University Dammam Campus. In addition this report addresses the comparative evaluation of the previous design concepts utilizing more rigorous computer simulation methods.

  3. ATTITUDES OF FEMALE FACULTY TOWARD THE USE OF COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES AND THE BARRIERS THAT LIMIT THEIR USE OF TECHNOLOGIES IN GIRLS COLLEGES IN SAUDI ARABIA.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almuqayteeb, Taghreed Abdulaziz

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?? The purpose of this study was to examine female faculty members use of computer technologies, their attitudes toward computers, the factors that best predict… (more)

  4. Measuring Compensation from Credit Reporting Damage: A Comparison of Islamic, Saudi, and American Law in Light of Credit Information Reporting Acts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alhaidary, Mansour

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Although there was a simple way to practice credit reporting in the past, in its organized and developed form credit reporting is considered new to international society in general. The first act to regulate credit reporting ...

  5. DHAHRAN 31261 SAUDI ARABIA www.kfupm.edu.sa/math/ E-mail: mathdept@kfupm.edu.sa King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joarder, Anwar H

    University of Petroleum & Minerals DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES Technical Report Series TR 359 Oct@fiu.edu and Anwar H. Joarder Department of Mathematical Sciences King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

  6. Integrated Core-based Sequence Stratigraphy, Chemostratigraphy and Diagenesis of the Lower Cretaceous (Barremian–Aptian), Biyadh and Shu'aiba Formations, a Giant Oil Field, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alghamdi, Nasser Mohammad S.

    2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This study provides the most updated stratigraphic, depositional and diagenetic histories of the Early Cretaceous Biyadh and Shu'aiba formations. Carbon isotope data were integrated with core descriptions and well logs to define the age model beyond...

  7. Ian Duggan: Research Interests Invasion Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waikato, University of

    .g., hydroelectricity dams, water supply reservoirs and retired quarries) are commonly preferentially invaded over

  8. Kuwaiti oil sector shows more signs of recovery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that Kuwait's oil sector continues to show signs of recovery from the Persian Gulf war. On Mar. 23 Kuwait Petroleum Co. (KPC) loaded the country's first shipment of liquefied petroleum gas for export since the Iraqi invasion in August 1990. In addition, the first shipment of Kuwaiti crude recovered from giant oil lakes formed by hundreds of wild wells sabotaged in the war was to arrive by tanker in Naples, Italy, late last month. The tanker is carrying 210,000 bbl of crude. However, the project to clean up the lakes and recover more oil, undertaken by Bechtel Corp. with Kuwait Oil Co. (KOC), has reached a stand still.

  9. Oil/gas separator for installation at burning wells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alonso, C.T.; Bender, D.A.; Bowman, B.R. [and others

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    An oil/gas separator is disclosed that can be utilized to return the burning wells in Kuwait to production. Advantageously, a crane is used to install the separator at a safe distance from the well. The gas from the well is burned off at the site, and the oil is immediately pumped into Kuwait`s oil gathering system. Diverters inside the separator prevent the oil jet coming out of the well from reaching the top vents where the gas is burned. The oil falls back down, and is pumped from an annular oil catcher at the bottom of the separator, or from the concrete cellar surrounding the well.

  10. Applications of COSMIC to Meteorology and Climate Richard A. Anthes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the response of the global atmosphere to regional events such as volcanic eruptions, the Kuwait oil fires and physical adjustment mechanisms, the wind fields as well. These improved analyses and forecasts will provide

  11. THE HUMAN ANIMAL Unlearning what nature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starks, Philip

    on the Iraqi border in 1991 precisely because Kuwait had oil that Iraq coveted. But knowing that war common triggers are the desires or needs for territory, resources, or mates. Ants are a well

  12. 9 0 A S T R O N O M Y N O W / J U N 2 0 0 2 he current debate over missile defence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Saddam Hussein, who set fire to the oil wells in Kuwait and caused an environmental disaster hazardous for peaceful as well as military purposes. Every bit of debris in orbit higher than about 800 km

  13. Use of Plant Toom Logbook Data to Establish Performance of a Cooling Production System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajiah, A. E.; Maheshwari, G. P.; ElSherbini, A. I.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and applies the same for an office building in Kuwait. Data collected between March and October 2004 were analyzed. Inadequate control of supply water temperature and low chiller loading were identified as the key parameters leading to inefficiency of cooling...

  14. arabian persian gulf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Myre, Peggy Lynne 2012-06-07 108 This paper provides the first estimates of SGD to the Kuwait coastline in the Arabian Gulf. Seawater evaporation leads to density driven exchange...

  15. I J S U

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    of Kuwait, the 1990 amendments to the Clean Air Act, the December 1989 crisis in heating oil markets, the 20th anniversary of Earth Day, concerns about global climate change,...

  16. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    per day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq KuwaitEIA Table 1.2, “OPEC Crude Oil Production (Excluding Lease2008, from EIA, “Crude Oil Production. ” Figure 16. U.S.

  17. Improving the Water Efficiency of Cooling Production System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maheshwari, G.; Al-Hadban, Y.; Al-Taqi, H. H.; Alasseri, R.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For most of the time, cooling towers (CTs) of cooling systems operate under partial load conditions and by regulating the air circulation with a variable frequency drive (VFD), significant reduction in the fan power can be achieved. In Kuwait...

  18. Importance of Design Conditions for Sizing Air-Conditioning Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaban, N.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Suri, R. K.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The proposed design conditions specific to the location and the application are drastically different than currently used single design conditions for all application and locations. Cooling load estimates fro two building located in Kuwait have been analyzed...

  19. Smart Operations of Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems in a Government Buildings for Peak Power Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Hadban, Y.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Al-Nakib, D.; Al-Mulla, A.; Alasseri, R.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the achievements of implementing smart operations strategies for air-conditioning (A/C) and lighting systems in Justice Palace Complex (JPC), Kuwait during the summer 2007. The peak load of this building was 3700 k...

  20. Positive pressure induced channeled suction cups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Shannon X. (Shannon Xuan)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Leaking in water pipe is a critical issue in Middle Eastern countries such as Kuwait where water is scarce. In-pipe robots can be dispatched to discover the network and inspect the inner surface of the pipe. This thesis ...

  1. University Health Center Name The University of Georgia UGA ID # 81

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissinger, Jessica

    incidence rates of > 20 cases per 100,000 population. University Health Center review Date Page 2 Republic Republic of Korea Nigeria Suriname Armenia Ecuador Kuwait Niue Swaziland Azerbaijan Egypt

  2. Be Careful What You Wish For: Some thoughts on maximizing value from your simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    and the world needs. · Helping achieve higher yield potential through plant biotechnology · Enabling better Petrochemical Company K.S.C · JV: The Kuwait Olefins Company K.S.C. · JV: The SCG-Dow Group · JV: Sadara: EQUATE Petrochemical Company K.S.C · JV: The SCG-Dow Group · JV: The Kuwait Olefins Company K.S.C 7 ® #12

  3. E-Print Network 3.0 - asmara district eritrea Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1, 2011) Summary: Colombia East Timor Eritrea Ethiopia Haiti Iran Iraq - Kurdish Region Ivory Coast Lebanon Libya Saudi Source: Warkentin, Ian G. - Department of Biology, Memorial...

  4. APPLYING A PV GRID-TIED SYSTEM IN INDUSTRIAL SECTOR WITH PAYBACK REDUCTION: A CASE STUDY IN K.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oweedha, Wayel

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The key to creating clean energy is to use renewable energy sources. Saudi Arabia has an abundance of solar radiation due to its geographical location;… (more)

  5. Fractures of the Dammam Dome Carbonate Outcrops: Their Characterization, Development, and Implications for Subsurface Reservoirs.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Fahmi, Mohammed M

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The exposed Tertiary carbonates of the Dammam Dome present an opportunity to study fractures in outcrops within the oil-producing region of Eastern Saudi Arabia. The… (more)

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - arab gulf journal Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rights... in the Gulf: Saudi Arabia, Oman, Yemen, Saqi Books: London, 2005, 192 p. Political Parties and Organizations... in Yemen, 1948-1993 (in Arabic), The Athawabit Book...

  7. E-Print Network 3.0 - arabia clinical variables Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology Case Conference Summary: , Japan, Korea, Romania and Saudi Arabia. The University of Florida Department of Clinical and Health......

  8. Generated using version 3.1.2 of the official AMS LATEX template An empirical relation between U.S. tornado activity and monthly1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sobel, Adam

    Change Research, Department of Meteorology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia ADAM H. SOBEL #12;1. Introduction27 Identifying environmental "ingredients" for severe weather and tornadic storms

  9. International Conference of Modeling, Optimization and Simulation -MOSIM'12 June 06-08, 2012 Bordeaux -France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Industrial Engineering Department College of Engineering King SAUD University Kingdom of Saudi Arabia services, such as bad weather, absence of personnel, traffic congestion, accidents, etc. These disturbances

  10. 4593.ps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    tions of generalized differentiation in variational analysis widely used in the ... Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia (boris@math.wayne.edu).

  11. Impact of EGR on Soot Nanostructure and Reactivity

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and Mineral Sciences The Pennsylvania State University Sponsors: National Science Foundation National Energy Technology Laboratory Saudi Ministry of Education The Energy...

  12. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    regressions on family ties Croatia Algeria Finland SwedenCzech Republic Bulgaria Croatia Algeria Saudi Arabia CzechSweden Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Germany Netherlands Denmark

  13. Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ugwuibe, Cynthia

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Global Pension Reserve Oil Saudi Arabia SAMA Foreign n/aWelfare Pension Fund Reserve Oil Qatar Qatar Investmentand the General Reserve Fund) Oil & Gas Russia National

  14. Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitt Bonn Institut fr Politische Wissenschaft und Soziologie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Sven Oliver

    globale Entwicklung. Ein Positionspapier des BMZ. Bonn 2004. The policy paper of the Federal Ministry: China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Thailand, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, South Africa, Argentina

  15. Mapping Metageographies: The Cartographic Invention of Italy and the Mediterranean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    della Dora, Veronica

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Finally, they invaded Egypt. However, when the EmperorsArmenia, Assyria, Arabia and Egypt have come under Roman

  16. Plant height and evolutionary games Daniel S. Falster and Mark Westoby

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    that cannot be invaded is called an evolutionarily stable strategy (ESS or ESS mixture). So an ESS (if one

  17. Ecological resilience is the amount of change required to transform a system from the current state, maintained by one set

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Acacia 20% mesquite-huisache; 40% total Tallgrasses Sinton, TX Harris Ranch Grassland invaded by Prosopis

  18. Costs of living for juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in an increasingly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olden, Julian D.

    and invaded world Lauren M. Kuehne, Julian D. Olden, and Jeffrey J. Duda Abstract: Rapid environmental change

  19. Fracture Detection and Water Sweep Characterization Using Single-well Imaging, Vertical Seismic Profiling and Cross-dipole Methods in Tight and Super-k Zones, Haradh II, Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aljeshi, Hussain Abdulhadi A.

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    sustain the targeted oil production rates and they die much sooner than expected when water enters the wells. The study attempted to identify fracture systems and their role in the irregular water sweep. Single-well acoustic migration imaging (SWI...

  20. *Corresponding authors: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, College of Engineering Science, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, KFUPM Box: 2020, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 0096638602305 (O), Fax: 0096638604447.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    friendly technologies and products. For any new technology or product, the current R&D trend is toward agencies throughout the world it is very important to look back to the drilling fluid technology.mehossain@gmail.com SPE -153676 STATE OF THE ART AND FUTURE TREND OF DRILLING FLUID: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY Adeleye Sanmi

  1. Corresponding author: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, P.O. Box 2020, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 0096638602305, Fax: 0096638604447,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    friendly technologies and products. For any new technology or product, the current R&D trend is toward agencies throughout the world, it is very important to look back to the drilling fluid technology, Fax: 0096638604447, Email: menamul@kfupm.edu.sa; dr.mehossain@gmail.com SPE 149555 Drilling Fluid

  2. Rheological Investigation of the Influence of Acrylate Polymers on the Modification of Asphalt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hussein, Ibnelwaleed A.

    of Chemical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia 2 Department of Civil Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia, increasing traffic volume, high traffic load, and weather accelerate the pavement deterioration.2 So, asphalt

  3. Modeling and Forecasting Electric Daily Peak Loads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdel-Aal, Radwan E.

    -Aal Department of Computer Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Address for corresponding author: Dr. R. E. Abdel-Aal P. O. Box 1759 KFUPM Dhahran 31261 Saudi Arabia e, These techniques have limited accuracy because they ignore important weather effects, are time consuming, require

  4. Improving Electric Load Forecasts Using Network Committees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdel-Aal, Radwan E.

    , King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia Address for corresponding author: Dr. R. E. Abdel-Aal P. O. Box 1759 KFUPM Dhahran 31261 Saudi Arabia e-mail: radwan load and weather data at power utilities has encouraged the use of data-based machine learning modeling

  5. Hourly Temperature Forecasting Using Abductive Networks R. E. Abdel-Aal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdel-Aal, Radwan E.

    , Saudi Arabia Abstract: Hourly temperature forecasts are important for electrical load forecasting temperatures, Artificial intelligence. Dr. R. E. Abdel-Aal, P. O. Box 1759, KFUPM, Dhahran 31261 Saudi Arabia e appropriate actions such as spraying protective fungicides (Francis, 2000; Kim et al., 2002). Road weather

  6. Cloud Properties and Precipitation Formation Processes Observed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delene, David J.

    of spring time precipitation that develops in the Riyadh, Saudi Arabia region. · What are the cloud properties for developing cloud in the Riyadh, Saudi Arabia region. Research Objective #12;#12;Quality is based on calibration conducted by Kelly bosch and Dennis Afseth at Weather Modification Inc. (WMI) on 22

  7. King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ghadhban, Samir

    is generating electrical power in (13.8KV) according to system demands and to deliver the generated power..................................................................................................2 Saudi Electricity Company................................................................ 3 to take summer training in one of the industrial companies. I did my summer training in Saudi Electricity

  8. Proceedings of the Eighth International On Agglutinated Foraminifera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminski, Michael A.

    and designate lectotypes and report the current status of other type specimens (lectotypes and neotypes University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran, 31261, Saudi Arabia and Sorin Filipescu Department of Geology University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran. 31261, Saudi Arabia; e-mail: kaminski@kfupm.edu.sa 2. Department

  9. ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and Northern Saudi Arabia in Wadi Kareim and Wadi Mobarak in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and the Nuwaybah formation in NW Saudi and extends from Egypt, Israel, and Jordan to Ethiopia and Yemen. The ANS (Fig. 1a) developed during

  10. Oil/gas separator for installation at burning wells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Alonso, C.T.; Bender, D.A.; Bowman, B.R.; Burnham, A.K.; Chesnut, D.A.; Comfort, W.J. III; Guymon, L.G.; Henning, C.D.; Pedersen, K.B.; Sefcik, J.A.; Smith, J.A.; Strauch, M.S.

    1993-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    An oil/gas separator is disclosed that can be utilized to return the burning wells in Kuwait to production. Advantageously, a crane is used to install the separator at a safe distance from the well. The gas from the well is burned off at the site, and the oil is immediately pumped into Kuwait's oil gathering system. Diverters inside the separator prevent the oil jet coming out of the well from reaching the top vents where the gas is burned. The oil falls back down, and is pumped from an annular oil catcher at the bottom of the separator, or from the concrete cellar surrounding the well.

  11. Oil/gas separator for installation at burning wells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Alonso, Carol T. (Orinda, CA); Bender, Donald A. (Dublin, CA); Bowman, Barry R. (Livermore, CA); Burnham, Alan K. (Livermore, CA); Chesnut, Dwayne A. (Pleasanton, CA); Comfort, III, William J. (Livermore, CA); Guymon, Lloyd G. (Livermore, CA); Henning, Carl D. (Livermore, CA); Pedersen, Knud B. (Livermore, CA); Sefcik, Joseph A. (Tracy, CA); Smith, Joseph A. (Livermore, CA); Strauch, Mark S. (Livermore, CA)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An oil/gas separator is disclosed that can be utilized to return the burning wells in Kuwait to production. Advantageously, a crane is used to install the separator at a safe distance from the well. The gas from the well is burned off at the site, and the oil is immediately pumped into Kuwait's oil gathering system. Diverters inside the separator prevent the oil jet coming out of the well from reaching the top vents where the gas is burned. The oil falls back down, and is pumped from an annular oil catcher at the bottom of the separator, or from the concrete cellar surrounding the well.

  12. Fact #836: September 1, Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    per day) Year Non-OPEC Countries OPEC Countries Total Percent OPEC Canada Mexico Russia Other Non-OPEC Nigeria Saudi Arabia Venezuela Other OPEC Countries 1960 0.12 0.02 0.00...

  13. E-Print Network 3.0 - arabia senegal sudan Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Country: Alumni Country: Alumni Country: Alumni Summary: Austria 31 Guatemala 8 Russia 14 Bahamas 13 Haiti 4 Rwanda 1 Bangladesh 17 Honduras 3 Saudi Arabia 13... Barbados 3...

  14. Baseballs and Barrels: World Statistics Day | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    titles than the National League? Yes. Does Saudi Arabia produce more crude oil than Russia? No. How do I know? Statistics. The month of October not only marks the beginning of...

  15. Field scale history matching and assisted history matching using streamline simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kharghoria, Arun

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, we apply the streamline-based production data integration method to condition a multimillion cell geologic model to historical production response for a giant Saudi Arabian reservoir. The field has been under peripheral water...

  16. Essays in oil, conflict, and the development of resource-rich countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peck, Jennifer Randolph

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines three topics in the political economy of global oil markets and the development of resource-rich countries. The first chapter examines the effect of Saudi Arabia's crude pricing policies on the political ...

  17. Mixed semidefinite and second-order cone optimization approach for the Hankel matrix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Homidan, Suliman

    alternating projection method will be reported. 1 Department of Mathematics, Dammam Teachers' College, P.O. Box 14262, Dammam 31424, SAUDI ARABIA mmogib@awalnet.net.sa 2 Department of Mathematical Sciences

  18. The Relationship of Student Dispositions and Teacher Characteristics with the Mathematics Achievement of Students in Lebanon and Six Arab Countries in TIMSS 2007.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younes, Rayya

    2013-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    . The second study examines the mathematics performance in TIMSS 2007 of 8th grade students in seven Arab countries: Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Tunisia. The effects of positive affect towards mathematics, valuing mathematics, self...

  19. Revue de presse ANGLAIS Semaine du 28 fvrier au 06 mars 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rennes, Université de

    Guardian Weekly Inside the 4 March edition (by Abby Deveney) : Saudis seek to avert 'day of rage' as Libya the word out from Libya (by Jim Giles and Jacob Aron) : Machine translation can take you so far

  20. 3596 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 13, NO. 7, JULY 2014 Optimal Mobile Content Downloading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng

    University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia (e-mail: sqc@ecs.soton.ac.uk). Color versions of one or more data traffics delivered by mobile service providers, such as weather forecasts, multimedia newspapers

  1. E-Print Network 3.0 - asthmatic children undergoing Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and inhaler... for asthmatic children in primary care. Are we following guidelines? Saudi Med J 2003;24 : 507-511 10 Jong - Van... for the treatment of asthma in childhood....

  2. D A R G A N M . W . F R I E R S O N D E P A R T M E N T O F A T M O S P H E R I C S C I E N C E S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frierson, Dargan

    Orleans weather, condensation causes drinks to heat up twice as fast compared with a dry climate at the same temperature How about the most humid place on Earth? #12;Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Humidity of 35 g

  3. The spectral distribution of solar ultraviolet radiation at the ground

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albar, O.F.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements of spectral UV irradiance were made at Sutton Bonington and other sites in Saudi Arabia using a spectroradiometric system developed in this study. On clear days a linear relation between the logarithm of global irradiance I[sub [lambda

  4. Advanced Review Indices for monitoring changes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Center of Excellence for Climate Change Research, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia 6 Royal weather observations that answers questions concerning extremes that affect many human and natural systems

  5. Ferry-Based Linear Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jie

    Applications of WSNsApplications of WSNs Applications for WSNs: · Weather monitoring · Security and tactical pipelines. Desalinated water. Saudi Arabia: 3,800 Km. Oil, Gas, and Water Pipeline UseOil, Gas, and Water

  6. Oldest and Largest The Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MIT's Oldest and Largest Newspaper The Weather Today: Clear skies, 45°F (70C) Tonight: Clear, cool Eilts, former U.S. Ambassador to Saudi Arabia and Egypt and Professor Emeritus of Inter- national

  7. Stoch PDE: Anal Comp (2014) 2:233261 DOI 10.1007/s40072-014-0028-4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Andrew

    University of Science and Technology, Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia e-mail: kody.law@kaust.edu.sa 123 #12 currently gives the most accurate global short term weather forecasts available [16] and this is arguably

  8. CP ROAD MAP Mix Design & Analysis Track

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    & reinforcing steel. . . The "Resistance to severe weathering and sulfate waters is determined largely Beams: 764, 7-d ­ Avg. 601 psi 28-d ­ Avg. 734 psi #12;SAUDI ARABIA - 1970 · $660 million headquarters

  9. This content has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text. Download details

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Andrew

    and Engineering Division, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal 23955-6900, Kingdom of Saudi with data. The algorithm is used in oceanography, oil reservoir simulation and weather prediction [4

  10. Education at AUB: the Importance of Fallibility Opening Ceremony

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihadeh, Alan

    that have been with us for years. We look ahead to the expected cycle of classes, cooler fall weather to Saudi Arabia, where I met many alumni from the Eastern Provinces and from Jeddah, who shared with me

  11. RTE.ie News Sport Business Entertainment Television Radio RT Aertel Performing Groups RT Guide About Mobile Edition Fashion Food Motors Jobs Travel Property Shop Weather Live TV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sóbester, András

    About Mobile Edition Fashion Food Motors Jobs Travel Property Shop Weather Live TV Search Search Web of the Middle East, particularly the likes of Saudi Arabia, the picture we get in our heads is one

  12. Lifting and Transport of Saharan Dust J.R. Banks1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    , in the north-west of Saudi Arabia. The vertical wind velocity profile is on the right. Figure 3: Distribution-dimensional model is driven by meteorological data from the European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasting

  13. REVIEW ARTICLE Innovations in agronomy for food legumes. A review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and extreme weather. This review examines recent innovations in cultivation technology for the major food.O. Box 2460, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia Agron. Sustain. Dev. (2012) 32:45­64 DOI 10.1007/s13593

  14. Zong-Liang Yang CV Page 1 of 37 Curriculum Vitae for Dr. Zong-Liang Yang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    and Technology), Potential Effects of Global Warming on Hydrology and Water Resources in Saudi Arabia, $157 for Global Change, Parameterization of Snow Cover Fraction in Climate and Weather Prediction Models, $376

  15. Sugata Sanyal A tallish man in his 40's sitting on the little shadow of a makeshift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanyal, Sugata

    his weathered hand above his black dry eyes, used mainly to keep watch on goats, to examine whether. On asking, he explained that he is going to take another flight from Mumbai to Riyadh in Saudi Arabia

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - arabia sudan syrian Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    closer to the Syrian border.) Syria and the Sudan stood against the War. Sunni Jordan, Egypt... with the modern Middle East. Neither Iran nor Saudi Arabia epitomise the rivalry of...

  17. Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ugwuibe, Cynthia

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Botswana East Timor Mexico Saudi Arabia Oil Oil State OilFund of Mexico Public Investment Fund Oil Oil Trinidad &New Land Grant Mexico Permanent Fund) Savings* Oil and other

  18. Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ugwuibe, Cynthia

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New Land Grant Mexico Permanent Fund) Savings* Oil and otherBotswana East Timor Mexico Saudi Arabia Oil Oil State OilSavings Oil and other non-commodity sources New Mexico State

  19. Table 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    OPEC Algeria Canada Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC a Total OPEC b 1978 ... 14.93 14.41 14.65...

  20. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    b Total OPEC c Non OPEC Angola Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1983 ... 28.14 - 25.20 29.81 27.53 29.91 21.48 27.70 28.46...

  1. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    OPEC Algeria Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC b Total OPEC c 1978 ... 14.12 13.61 13.24 14.05...

  2. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    OPEC b Non OPEC Angola Canada Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1983 ... 29.31 25.63 - 25.78 30.85 29.27 30.87 22.94 29.37...

  3. E-Print Network 3.0 - ailanthus altissima swingle Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    early invaders of old fields in our study area. Rates... preferences for red maple, white ash, and Ailanthus over white pine. Predation rates on small seedlings were... were...

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - ailanthus excelsa roxb Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    early invaders of old fields in our study area. Rates... preferences for red maple, white ash, and Ailanthus over white pine. Predation rates on small seedlings were... were...

  5. A Spectrum Of Potentially Diamondiferous Lamproites And Minettes...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    fluids derived from the magmas themselves, from carbonatite-like fluids, and perhaps from coking of the invaded coal seams. Minor crystal fractionation within sills as little as...

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - anthracis genome organization Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for the first time that B. anthracis efficiently invades human brain Source: Doran, Kelly - Department of Biology, San Diego State University Collection: Biology and Medicine 2...

  7. E-Print Network 3.0 - anthracis thymidylate kinase Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for the first time that B. anthracis efficiently invades human brain Source: Doran, Kelly - Department of Biology, San Diego State University Collection: Biology and Medicine 3...

  8. E-Print Network 3.0 - artemia franciscana encysted Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2008 The Authors Summary: American brine shrimp Artemia franciscana is one such alien invader in hyper-saline water ecosystems... grouping within the diversity of A....

  9. E-Print Network 3.0 - artemia franciscana kellog Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2008 The Authors Summary: American brine shrimp Artemia franciscana is one such alien invader in hyper-saline water ecosystems... grouping within the diversity of A....

  10. E-Print Network 3.0 - artemia franciscana enriquecidos Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2008 The Authors Summary: American brine shrimp Artemia franciscana is one such alien invader in hyper-saline water ecosystems... grouping within the diversity of A....

  11. E-Print Network 3.0 - artemia franciscana strains Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2008 The Authors Summary: American brine shrimp Artemia franciscana is one such alien invader in hyper-saline water ecosystems... an important food source for aquatic birds...

  12. E-Print Network 3.0 - ameliorates chondrocyte apoptosis Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    proliferate and further differ- entiate into a hypertrophic... , and induce osteo- blast differentiation. These osteoblasts invade the cartilage, replace the chondrocytes...

  13. Population genetics of the invasive plant species Impatiens glandulifera in Southern Finland.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marton, Ana-Maria

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Biological invasions affect biodiversity worldwide, and, consequently, the invaded ecosystems may suffer from significant losses in economic and cultural values. Impatiens glandulifera Royle (Balsaminaceae) is… (more)

  14. ???/ Otaku / Geek

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morikawa, Kaichir?

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of otaku culture and anime fandom in the 1980s. Lupin thehairdos, invade their fandom, destroying it as a haven. In

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - aboveground biota implications Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    biota increases the success of invading Source: Rogers, William E. - Department of Ecosystem Science and Management, Texas A&M University; Siemann, Evan - Department of Ecology...

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - aquatic animal health Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Accomplishments in Research Species of plants or animals not native to a particular... ecosystem can have harmful effects when they "invade" the new envi- ronment. Aquatic...

  17. Timeline of Events: 1938-1950 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Truman instructs the Atomic Energy Commission to expedite development of a thermonuclear weapon. June 25, 1950 North Korea invades South Korea. The Korean War begins....

  18. Roberto Arlt or the Subversion of Order: Confession, Madness and Modernity in Argentina in the 1920's and 1930's.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saslow, Paula Sozzi

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    mientras que para Zola la ciencia invade su terreno comoa las matemáticas como una ciencia inútil y yuxtaponiéndolaso las mentiras de la ciencia. (LL 27) Es paradójicamente a

  19. Black Gold Rush in the Near East: A Century of Oil Relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooley, Chelsea

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Administration, “US Imports by Country of Origin,” Energy Information Administration, http://tonto.eia.doe.gov. 31. Saudi Aramco 32. Bronson, 163. 33. Department of State, “Background Note: Iraq,” US Department of State, http://www.state.gov 34... Administration, “US Imports by Country of Origin,” Energy Information Administration, http://tonto.eia.doe.gov. 42. Bronson, 21. ? 64 BIBLIOGRAPHY Blanchard, Christopher M. “Saudi Arabia: Background and US Relations.” Department of State...

  20. Testing and Evaluation of a Power Factor Correction for Power-Savings Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alotaibi, A.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was then reduced from 13.9 to 3.0 kVAR (kilo volts amps reactive), the apparent power was decreased from 17.5 to 11.0 kVA (kilo volts amps). and the current was reduced from 23.4 to 14.5 amps. The Ministry of Electricity & Water (MEW) in Kuwait is expected...

  1. A Concept from a Concern: THE ARCTIC EMERGENCY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuligowski, Bob

    oil well fires in Kuwait) WHAT IS THE ISSUE? #12;0000 - 4 MANY RELEVANT AND RECENT NEWS STORIES (particularly if oil is involved) What happens in (or near) one country could well generate a response from well fill that role in several countries, not just his own (recall `Red' Adair, the Texan, who put out

  2. Transcript of Wilkerson interview Col Lawrence Wilkerson, the chief of staff to former US Secretary of State Colin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colquhoun, David

    to sit in Kuwait until the military forces had moved into Baghdad, and then going to Baghdad and other with some oil-field fires, put Ahmed Chalabi or some other similar Iraqi in charge and leave correct in assuming that? Well in the two decision-making processes into which I had the most insight

  3. Drilling continues upward momentum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moritis, G.

    1990-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses how the drilling recovery that began during the second half of 1989 is continuing into 1990. On top of this, the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait has caused disarray in oil markets, driving up oil prices, and disrupting access to oil supplies. Potentially, this upheaval could lead to an upward spike in worldwide drilling activity.

  4. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, 0099-2240/00/$04.00 0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Thomas K.

    California shrub rhizospheres, as well as two tree-colonizing Rhizobium strains (ATCC 10320 and ATCC 35645 aromatic hydrocarbons (4) and 2,5-dichloro- benzoate (5). In Kuwait, many crop species have been shown to grow in soil containing up to 10% crude oil by weight and to cleanse the rhizosphere of the crude oil

  5. A study on the temporal and spatial variability of absorbing aerosols using Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , individual events, such as the Kuwait oil fire and Australian smoke plum, are isolated in individual higher cycle in the two data sets shows that the cycles agree very well both globally and regionally dust and biomass burning source regions, as well as dust transport. Finally, we find that large

  6. National Center for Atmospheric Research annual report, fiscal year 1991. Report for 1 October 1990-30 September 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warner, L.

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) annual report for fiscal year 1991 is presented. NCAR's projects for the period included investigations of air pollution from the oil well fires in Kuwait, a solar eclipse, thunderstorms in central Florida, the El Nino current, greenhouse processes, and upper atmosphere phenomena.

  7. Smart Operations of Air-Conditioning and Lighting Systems in Government Buildings for Peak Power Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Hadban, Y.; Maheshwari, G. P.; Al-Nakib, D.; Al-Mulla, A.; Alasseri, R.

    During the summer 2007 smart operation strategies for air-conditioning (A/C) and lighting systems were developed and tested in a number of governmental buildings in Kuwait as one of the solutions to reduce the national peak demand for electrical...

  8. Conceptual Framework for the Use of Fish Parasites as Bioindicators of Acute and Chronic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kane, Andrew S.

    Environmental Perturbation After the 2010 Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico 1Auburn University: Yucatan, Gulf of Mexico- exploratory oil well Ixtoc explodes, sinks (10.8, 5%) March 24th, 1989: Prince: Gulf of Mexico- oil tanker Megaborg fire (378, 189%) January 21st, 1991: Kuwait- Gulf War I, Iraqi

  9. OPEOLUWA ARIWODOLA PROFs. WALTER & CAPUTO 05/08/2008. PAPER 3.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Frederick M.

    05/08/2008. PAPER 3. Aliens had invaded the Earth and contaminated the oceans and other water bodies. Moreover, these men gave birth to sterile males who were also susceptible to the control of these aliens these invaders. Before they poisoned the Earth's water bodies, these aliens had managed to disarm all nuclear

  10. Newsinperspective THESE aliens we'd rather not

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    Newsinperspective Upfront­ THESE aliens we'd rather not hear from, but they're invading our, alien species are stowing away on container ships and wrecking marine habitats worldwide. The first that alien species have invaded 84 per cent of the world's coastlines and that four-fifths of the aliens

  11. BIO 432 Practice for Quiz 1, 2 Part a. A forager searches an environment where two prey types are ran-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caraco, Thomas

    , since 6 > 4. Therefore, rare B can invade common A. Pure A is not an ESS. Better response to pure B is A, since 4 > 3. Therefore, rare A can invade common B. Pure B is not an ESS. 2 Ă? 2 payoff matrix must have an ESS; larger matrix may lack an ESS. Here, ESS must be mixed. Let p represent the frequency

  12. science for a changing world U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    in Hawaii and West Coast offshore islands. Aquatic invaders impose high economic and environmental costs and montane ecosystems may seem resistant to plant and animal invaders, we now know that ex- otic species have United States. Islands in the Incoming Tide Introduction of invasive plant and animal species threat- ens

  13. Annual Logging Symposium, June 21-24, 2009 IMPROVING THE ASSESSMENT OF RESIDUAL HYDROCARBON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-VerdĂ­n, Carlos

    of tight-gas sand reservoirs invaded with water-base mud (WBM) and oil-bearing reservoirs invaded with oil on the porosity, permeability, and wettability of the rock, a significant portion of the original oil in place permeability curves until achieving a good agreement between simulated and measured neu- tron and density logs

  14. Reproductive Biology ofReproductive Biology of Invasive SpeciesInvasive Species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cruzan, Mitchell B.

    ).(tree of heaven). Needs pollinators.Needs pollinators. Self incompatibilitySelf incompatibility -- Tamarix).Baker's rule (Baker 1955). 100% of invaders in South Africa self100% of invaders in South Africa self.Mating systems. Usually selfUsually self--compatible or asexual reproduction.compatible or asexual reproduction

  15. Inflatable kill packers used in working over Kuwaiti wells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, D. (Baker Oil Tools, Houston, TX (US)); Conover, G. (Baker Service Tools, Houston, TX (US))

    1992-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on inflatable packers which are being used with great success in post-well capping workover operations in Kuwait oil fields. In mid-January, about one kill packer was being run per day. Use is expected to increase in March when a second post-capping crew arrives. Of several thousand unconventional ideas submitted to Kuwait Oil Co. (KOC) for controlling the well fires left in the aftermath of lst year's Gulf War, only about a dozen were actually used. Inflatable kill packers, designed and manufactured by Baker Service Tools and marketed by Baker Oil Tools, were one of the ideas that proved effective. The kill packers are modifications of Baker's inflatable packers that have successfully been used in capping producers on many blowouts throughout the world, including the Piper Alpha disaster in the North Sea and the Saga blowout offshore Norway.

  16. Oil spills - increasing US dependence on oil imports heightens risks to environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1992-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Calamitous oil spills in recent years have focused attention on the devastation the world`s leading energy source can wreak on the environment. In Alaska, the 1989 grounding of the supertanker Exxon Valdez in Prince William Sound caused the worst U.S. oil spill ever and promoted Congress to pass stringent oil-pollution legislation. In the Persian Gulf, {open_quotes}eco-terroism{close_quotes} committed by Iraqi forces during the gulf war left hundreds of wells burning and oil free-flowing out of Kuwait`s refineries and oil-shipping terminals. With the United States and much of the global community increasingly dependent on petroleum moved by supertankers, oil spills will continue to threaten the environment for the foreseeable future.

  17. Nuclear winter from gulf war discounted

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marshall, E.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Would a major conflagration in Kuwait's oil fields trigger a climate catastrophe akin to the 'nuclear winter' that got so much attention in the 1980s This question prompted a variety of opinions. The British Meteorological Office and researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory concluded that the effect of smoke from major oil fires in Kuwait on global temperatures is likely to be small; however, the obscuration of sunlight might significantly reduce surface temperatures locally. Michael MacCracken, leader of the researchers at Livermore, predicts that the worst plausible oil fires in the Gulf would produce a cloud of pollution about as severe as that found on a bad day at the Los Angeles airport. The results of some mathematical modeling by the Livermore research group are reported.

  18. NASA technology applications team. Applications of aerospace technology. Annual Report, Oct. 1990 - Sep. 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Discussed here are the activities of the Research Triangle Institute (RTI) Technology Applications Team for the period 1 October 1990 through 30 September 1991. Topics researched include automated data acquisition and analysis of highway pavement cracking, thermal insulation for refrigerators, the containment of paint removed from steel structures, improved technologies for Kuwait oil well control, sprayed zinc coatings for corrosion control of reinforcing steel in bridges, and the monitoring and life support of medically fragile children in the educational setting.

  19. A Methodology For Calculating Integrated NOx Emissions Reductions from Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE/RE) Programs Across State Agencies in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Liu, Z.; Baltazar, J. C.; Mukopadhyay. J; Marshall, K.; Gilman, D.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.; Montgomery, C.; McKelvy, K.; Reid, V.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Analysis of Texas Code Adoption Analysis: Lighting Requirment, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), U.S.D.O.E., Washington, D.C. Bryant, J., Degelman, L., Turner, D. 2004. ?Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy Impact in the Texas Emissions... of Texas Code Adoption Analysis: Lighting Requirment, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), U.S.D.O.E., Washington, D.C. ESL-IC-10-10-58 Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26...

  20. Economy key to 1992 U. S. oil, gas demand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beck, R.J.

    1992-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides a forecast US oil and gas markets and industry in 1992. An end to economic recession in the U.S. will boost petroleum demand modestly in 1992 after 2 years of decline. U.S. production will resume its slide after a fractional increase in 1991. Drilling in the U.S. will set a record low. Worldwide, the key questions are economic growth and export volumes from Iraq, Kuwait, and former Soviet republics.

  1. Feedstock Economics for Global Steam Crackers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCormack, G.; Pavone, T.

    , butane, wide range naphtha, and atmospheric gas oil. The 10 regions considered in the study are the US Gulf Coast, Brazil, Western Canada, China, Indonesia, Japan, Saudi Arabia, 54 South Korea, Taiwan. and West Ger-many. lhe business climate... fabricated, while those in Saudi Arabia have a hJgh cont~nt of foreign shop fabrication into modules, and local assembly of the various modules. Location Factor Country 0.85 South k'orea 0.90 Taiwan 0.96 West Germany 1.00 US Gulf Coast 1.12 Japan...

  2. Feasibility of waterflooding Soku E7000 gas-condensate reservoir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ajayi, Arashi

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . To achieve this recovery, the reservoir should return to natural depletion after four years of water injection, before water invades the producing wells. Factors that affect the effectiveness of water injection in this reservoir include aquifer strength...

  3. Insufficient TLR Activation Contributes to the Slow Development of CD8 T Cell Responses in Trypanosoma cruzi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Given these characteristics of the response, we propose that T. cruzi is a stealth invader, largely is the primary culprit. Materials and Methods Mice, parasites, and infections C57BL/6J (B6) mice (CD45.2) were

  4. A newsletter for commercial vegetable growers prepared by the Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service November 5, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    in Indiana. The brown marmorated stink bug (marmorated means "having a marbled or streaked appearance can be a pest in two ways. First, it can invade houses in the fall, much like the dreaded multicolored

  5. S-nitrosothiols and reactive oxygen species in plant disease resistance and development 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brzezek, Kerstin

    2014-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Nitric oxide (NO) as well as reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in defence signalling in plants. After successful recognition of an invading pathogen, an increase in ROS occurs, the ’oxidative burst’; ...

  6. Rekindling the flame: reconstructing a fire history for Peters Mountain, Giles County, Virginia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoss, Jennifer Ann

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Beginning in the late 1930s, fire exclusion has drastically altered the vegetation dynamics of the southern Appalachian Mountains. Extremely low fire frequency has allowed for more shade-tolerant species to invade once predominantly open forests...

  7. Persuasion's empire : French imperial reformism, 1763-1801

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donath, Christian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Juan. 2007. Napoleon’s Egypt: Invading the Middle East.the French Occupation of Egypt (1798-1801). ” MLN 118 (4):Marsot. 2003. Napoleon in Egypt. Ithaca Press. Bjřrneboe,

  8. Occupation, Dispersal, and Economic Impact of Major Invasive Plant Species in Southern U.S. Forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hsiao-Hsuan

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Invasive alien plants have impacted southern U.S. forests. This study focuses on quantifying current distribution, rate of dispersals, and economic losses caused by four major invaders — Chinese tallow (Triadica sebifera (L.) Small), Chinese Privet...

  9. Earwigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mott, Dale; Jackman, John A.

    2004-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Earwigs are abundant throughout Texas and can be a nuisance when they invade homes or damage plants. This publication explains the biology and habits of earwigs and offers three ways to control them: sanitation, mechanical means and chemical methods....

  10. P:\\DECISION\\psh-12-0106.wpd

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    4. In 2007, the individual was charged with Harassment, Assault and Invading the Use of a Cell Phone to Call 911. These charges arose from the individual's separation, and eventual...

  11. 2001 Blackwell Science Ltd. http://www.blackwell-science.com/ddi 1 ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Mark A.

    ', `recovery', or `secondary'. A very different pattern is revealed by a review of the bibliographies of recent `invasive' or `invader', while 52 included the word `succession', `recovery' or `secondary'. Perusals

  12. A KIR B centromeric region present in Africans but not Europeans protects pregnant women from pre-eclampsia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nakimuli, Annettee; Chazara, Olympe; Hiby, Susan E.; Farrell, Lydia; Tukwasibwe, Stephen; Jayaraman, Jyothi; Traherne, James A.; Trowsdale, John; Colucci, Francesco; Lougee, Emma; Vaughan, Robert W.; Elliott, Alison M.; Byamugisha, Josaphat; Kaleebu, Pontiano; Mirembe, Florence; Nemat-Gorgani, Neda; Parham, Peter; Norman, Paul J.; Moffett, Ashley

    2015-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    syndrome arising from defective placentation. Controlling pla- centation are maternal natural killer cells that use killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) to recognize the fetal HLA-C molecules on invading trophoblast. We analysed genetic polymor...

  13. We develop a procedure to simulate and detect the spatial distribution of mud-filtrate invasion in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-VerdĂ­n, Carlos

    of reservoirs. Accurate determination of in-situ formation resistivity as a direct measure of initial oil to a waterflood. Consequently, the invaded zone resistivity, xoR remains a direct indicator of residual oil

  14. Numerical Simulation of Mud-Filtrate Invasion in Horizontal Wells and Sensitivity Analysis of Array Induction Tools1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-VerdĂ­n, Carlos

    assess- ment of reservoirs. Accurate determination of in-situ forma- tion resistivity as a direct measure be regarded as analogous to a waterflood. Consequently, the invaded zone resistivity, Rxo remains a direct

  15. Antibody Multispecificity Mediated by Conformational

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tawfik, Dan S.

    repertoire of antibodies can bind and thereby protect against an almost infinite diversity of invad- ing be bypassed when antibod- ies raised against pathogenic antigens pro- miscuously bind self

  16. Quantitative analysis of the T cell receptor signaling network in response to altered peptide ligands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wille, Lucia

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding the adaptive immune system poses a great conceptual challenge. It has evolved to respond to foreign invaders with exquisite sensitivity and selectivity. In particular, the T cell branch of the immune system ...

  17. Received 28 Apr 2013 | Accepted 9 Sep 2013 | Published 15 Oct 2013 Earthworms facilitate carbon sequestration through

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neher, Deborah A.

    carbon sequestration through unequal amplification of carbon stabilization compared with mineralization carbon would entirely reflect the earthworms' contribution to net carbon sequestration. We show how two widespread earthworm invaders affect net carbon sequestration through impacts on the balance of carbon

  18. Ohio State Colleges/Units Involved College of Arts and Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    Affairs Community Partners Involved Indian Universities: Aligarh Muslim University Delhi University Saudi Arabian universities Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative Award Project: STEM Education members. For the project, the OSU partnership with Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) in India received one

  19. Marine and Hydrokinetic (MHK) Technology Development Risk Management...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    1800-111-42436 POLAND 00-800-1213476 PORTUGAL 8008-14928 ROMANIA 40-31-630-01-38 RUSSIA 8-10-8002-5594011 SAUDI ARABIA 800-8-110062 SINGAPORE 65-6517-0502 800-120-5213 SLOVAK...

  20. SOLAR DESALINATION John H. Lienhard,1,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lienhard V, John H.

    CHAPTER 9 SOLAR DESALINATION John H. Lienhard,1, Mohamed A. Antar,2 Amy Bilton,1 Julian Blanco,3, Saudi Arabia 3 Plataforma Solar de Almeria, Carretera de Senes s/n, 04200 Tabernas (Almeria), Spain 4 supply infrastructure are inadequate, fossil energy costs may be high whereas solar energy is abundant

  1. CHOI ET AL. VOL. 8 ' NO. 7 ' 74517457 ' 2014 www.acsnano.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    Chemical Society Supercapacitors of Nanocrystalline MetalĂ?Organic Frameworks Kyung Min Choi,, Hyung Mo 34464, Saudi Arabia E lectrochemical capacitors, also known as supercapacitors, represent an impor- tant such as activated carbon are commercial supercapacitors that operate by storing charge on electrochemical double

  2. A Novel Anaerobic Electrochemical Membrane Bioreactor (AnEMBR) with Conductive Hollow-fiber Membrane for Treatment of Low-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -6 By excluding oxygen from the system and applying an additional voltage to the circuit, hydrogen is evolved and Engineering Division, Water Desalination and Reuse Center, Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Advanced Membranes and Porous Materials Research Center, Thuwal 23955

  3. Environmental Impact on Chemical/Oil Spill in the Persian Gulf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Peter C.

    and continuous. In contrast the winds in winter are often associated with synoptic weather systems, and breaks in the northern half of the Gulf, appears to set up coastal current regimes along both the Saudi (downwelling sank in bad weather. A

  4. Space Math http://spacemath.gsfc.nasa.gov A supplementary collection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    geology in Maine and Saudi Arabia; chemistry at Oak Hill High School and Unity College (both in Maine Ring Spitzer: Weather on a New Planet LRO: Water on the Moon Spitzer: A Model for Planet Osiris 1.5.1 1

  5. Int J Biometeorol (1993) 37:96-100 ,,.==,oo= R|tx___ /7/7/~J.....~of llJl~Ll d~__..//_~

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pielke, Roger A.

    : Halophytes - Effect on weather; arid region climate modification; irrigation - Effect on weather; vegetation - Effect on weather; Deliberate climate modi- fication by vegetation Introduction Salt-tolerant vegetation in the Saudi peninsula (Hicks et al. 1992), was chosen for analysis. This brief paper examines the expected

  6. The influence of inter-annually varying albedo on regional climate and drought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Jason

    albedo data is used to update the lower boundary condition of the Weather Research and Forecasting, Saudi Arabia 123 Clim Dyn (2014) 42:787­803 DOI 10.1007/s00382-013-1790-0 #12;exchanges within the Earth system. Of particular interest is the influence that these interactions have on weather and climate

  7. Facing Our Reality David Ostermeier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Matthew

    , Lebanon, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Syria,Yemen Asia: China, India, South Korea Africa: Morocco; Scientists suggest 35 M tons is a safe level Corral reefs & Marine ecosystems Increases in severe weather Changing global weather patterns Early springtime snow melt & snowmelt decline (18%/decade vs 11 percent

  8. Lifting and Transport of Saharan Dust J.R. Banks1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    , in the steady state. Conditions are at 12.00 on 16/5/2006, at 38.25°E, 28.125°N, in the north-west of Saudi by meteorological data from the European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasting (ECMWF) operational data set

  9. SOLERAS - Photovoltaic Power Systems Project. Rural solar applications. Final report: project summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Saudi Solar Village Project photovoltaic system is described, consisting of 160 arrays, a computerized control system, 1100 kW of electrical storage in lead-acid batteries, and an automatic weather data gathering system. Satisfactory overall system performance is reported. Performance degradation due to dust on the array lenses was determined. Field operational problems are discussed. (LEW)

  10. CLIMATE RESEARCH Vol. 56: 131145, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Jason

    and Engineering Division, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia ABSTRACT is downscaled using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) regional climate model (RCM) to medium (50 km · Weather Research and Forecasting · WRF · Precipitation Resale or republication not permitted without

  11. COMPARING PERFORMANCE OF SOLARGIS AND SUNY SATELLITE MODELS USING MONTHLY AND DAILY AEROSOL DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perez, Richard R.

    (European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecast) introduced a first version of the new aerosol database BSRN SolarGIS 30.91 34.78 2004/03-2006/06 Solar Village Saudi Arabia BSRN 24.91 46.41 2000

  12. Volume 131, Number 41 tech.mit.edu Friday, September 30, 2011 Oldest and Largest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WEATHER, p. 2 SECTIONS World & Nation 2 Opinion 4 Arts 12 Fun Pages 13 SportsRESS IN SAUdI ARAbIA? Believe it or not, there is a precedent for it OPINION, p. 4 AbANdON PAkISTAN Pakistan

  13. Examination of multi-perturbation methods for ensemble prediction of the MJO during boreal summer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, In-Sik

    )/Madden­Julian oscillation (MJO), by recognition of its influence on the variability of the climate and the weather (Kessler University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia 123 Clim Dyn DOI 10.1007/s00382-013-1819-4 #12;beginning of the forecast

  14. 30 November 2007 Where do we come from... -Robert Hack -Delft 1 Where do we come from and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hack, Robert

    Bahrain-Saudi Causeway Off/onshore pile foundations in soil and rock (geology, properties, and engineering weathered to soil, which could be at any depth (engineering and properties) #12;30 November 2007 Where do we properties, shear strength, weathering) ·Uncertainty ·Geo-informatics (modelling, identification) ·Numerical

  15. CONCURRENCY AND COMPUTATION: PRACTICE AND EXPERIENCE Concurrency Computat.: Pract. Exper. 2013; 25:18161842

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melbourne, University of

    Science, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia 3Information Engineering Laboratory Calculate Moisture Convergence Calculate Visibility Calculate Turbulence Numerical Weather Prediction Model Visualize Weather Information Task 1 Task 2 Task 4 Task 5Task 3 Task 7 Task 6 Task 8 Radar Data Satellite

  16. The Impact of Observed Vegetation Changes on LandAtmosphere Feedbacks During Drought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Jason

    Water Desalination and Reuse Centre, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi conditions of the advanced research Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model to assess the influence. 2010). Some changes in the climate and extreme weather events in Australia have been attributed

  17. Passive solar heating and analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, R.W.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Passive solar heating experience and analysis techniques are reviewed with emphasis on annual auxiliary heat requirement. The role of analysis in the design of passive solar buildings is discussed. Selected results for existing systems are presented for locations in Saudi Arabia and climatically similar locations in the US. Advanced systems in the research stage are described.

  18. IMPROVING SANDSTONE MATRIX STIMULATION OF OIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

    IMPROVING SANDSTONE MATRIX STIMULATION OF OIL WELLS BY GAS PRECONDITIONING M. A. Aggour, M. Al, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia ABSTRACT Experience has shown that for sandstone formations, oil wells respond to matrix acidizing in a different manner as compared to gas wells. For oil wells, the improvement

  19. Int. J. Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2014 115 Copyright 2014 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    Int. J. Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2014 115 Copyright © 2014 Inderscience fields in Saudi Arabia', Int. J. Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp.115­131. Biographical economic recovery of oil and gas from a reservoir. The purpose of reservoir management is to control

  20. 2014 RICE ALLIANCE ENERGY & CLEAN TECHNOLOGY VENTURE FORUM PARTICIPATING SPEAKERS & INVESTORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014 RICE ALLIANCE ENERGY & CLEAN TECHNOLOGY VENTURE FORUM PARTICIPATING SPEAKERS & INVESTORS Louis for full-scale commercialization. #12;2014 RICE ALLIANCE ENERGY & CLEAN TECHNOLOGY VENTURE FORUM Albanese Investment Manager Louis Albanese is an investment manager at Saudi Aramco Energy Ventures (SAEV

  1. Office of the Vice President, Research Simcoe Hall, Room 109, 27 King's College Circle, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1A1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yu

    Investigator grants from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (Saudi Arabia) for his work. In 2000, Biox Corporation, a U of T spin- off, was formed. Taking technology developed by Chemical Engineering Professor David Boocock, Biox produces biodiesel from waste animal fats, using a process

  2. B-spline neural networks based PID controller for Hammerstein systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng

    B-spline neural networks based PID controller for Hammerstein systems X. Hong1 , S. Iplikci2 S, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia. Abstract. A new PID tuning and controller of a PID controller together with a correction term. In order to update the control signal, the multi- step

  3. 4th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computing (UCC 2011)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    Zealand, Pakistan, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Taiwan, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, and Vietnam. After peer-reviewing all the submissions, the Program, and United States. The three invited speakers are: Professor Manish Parashar (Rutgers: The State University

  4. Attacking Tor through Unpopular Ports Muhammad Aliyu Sulaiman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almulhem, Ahmad

    Department King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Dhahran, Saudi Arabia muhalisu@kfupm.edu.sa Sami Zhioua Information and Computer Science Department King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Dhahran of relays (Tor node and Tor relay are used interchangeably in this paper). No one of these The authors would

  5. On Reducing the Complexity of Tone-Reservation Based PAPR Reduction Schemes by Compressive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Naffouri, Tareq Y.

    Eprahim B. Al-Safadi Department of Electrical Engineering King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals P Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Abstract--In this paper, we describe uses recent advances in reconstruction of sparse signals from rank-deficient projections using convex

  6. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 260 (2003) 6069 Magnetic properties of praseodymium ions in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mekki, Abdelkarim

    of Physics, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia b Department acquired at different temperatures have been fitted with a Brillouin function by refining the number of Pr3 (for Pr2O3), Na2CO3 (for Na2O) and SiO2. Calculated amounts of these powders were mixed and melted

  7. Cambridge's Science Magazine produced in association with Saliva's Secrets . Aubrey de Grey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Appetite Control . Biofuels . Science and the Web Hydrogen Economy The Future of Fuel Hydrogen Economy Sun, Sea and Science in Saudi Arabia Insight into Hydrogen Power Sense about Science When Art Meets and science. This issue's Focus gives an excellent overview of hydrogen as a source of energy, not only

  8. Impact of Branching on the UV Degradation of metallocene LLDPE Ibnelwaleed A. Hussein1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hussein, Ibnelwaleed A.

    Impact of Branching on the UV Degradation of metallocene LLDPE Ibnelwaleed A. Hussein1 *, Ayuba A & Petrochemicals, KFUPM, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Abstract The effect of UV degradation on metallocene linear low by Mechanical, FTIR and GPC testings. This paper addresses the structural modifications due to UV degradation

  9. THE EFFECT OF PRESSURE ON OXIDATION KINETICS OF TAR FROM A TARMAT RESERVOIR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

    -Khamsin Department of Petroleum Engineering King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia the optimum solvent slug was injected #12;in portions alternating with hot water. The economics of the process, however, are yet to be evaluated by a field test. It is expected, though, that well-bore heat losses would

  10. (This is a sample cover image for this issue. The actual cover is not yet available at this time.) This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    Sustainable technology Environmental impact Limitations of current technology Date palm a b s t r a c of spill control. This research reviews the limitations and environmental impact of existing cleanup, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 10 December 2011 Received

  11. When will states talk? Predicting the initiation of conflict management in interstate crises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bragg, Belinda Lesley

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    ,rawnutngagements.o weparatehisactorsromsuccess isesslear,owever.sheftcitedxamplef ietnamemonstrates,ackofission clarityreatesncertaintyinermsfothxecut ionndesults.othfactors,tsrgued 9SpecificallythecasesofLebanon,1984;Panama...),theGulfWar(beforeandafterthegroundwaragainstIraq), SaudiArabia(aftertheJune1996bombinginDhahran),Lebanon(Afterthe1983bombingoftheMarine barracks)andBosnia(FebMar1998). 21 depressublicupport.olsti,uotinglifford, rovidesnecdotalupportorhe influencefhiseliefntheohnsondministrat ion...

  12. U.S. Department of the Interior November 2013 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (t/yr) at its 270,000-t/yr Hannibal smelter. A decision by the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio/yr smelter in Ras al Khair, Saudi Arabia. Potline instability was cited as the reason for the shutdown least efficient smelters in Russia, citing high costs. The Ural, Volgograd, and Volkhov smelters were

  13. Brandeis University International Student & Scholar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    India 56 India 28 Taiwan 20 Canada 12 Saudi Arabia 19 Vietnam 11 Israel 16 Turkey 10 Germany Singapore 6 Ghana 10 Top 10 Countries for Scholars P.R. China 49 India 26 Israel 20 Germany 17 Canada 13 Finance 33 81 114 Genetic Counseling 3 2 5 General Studies/Undeclared 251 251 Health Policy / Management 7

  14. Engi 9614: Renewable Energy and Resource Conservation, Assignment #1, Oct. 4th 2013, "Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coles, Cynthia

    and compressed air energy systems would be potential systems because in Figure 2 it is shown that they are large of energy storage systems for storing electricity from renewable energy sources in Saudi Arabia" 1. 150 109 better storage systems to make better use of renewable energy options and we need to use renewable energy

  15. Efficient Computation of Clipped Voronoi Diagram for Mesh Generation Dong-Ming Yana,b,c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , 54600, Villers les Nancy, France cGeometric Modeling and Scientific Visualization Center, KAUST, Thuwal 23955-6900, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia dMicrosoft Research Asia, Building 2, No. 5 Danling Street, Haidian widely used in various fields, especially in computer graphics and geometry computing. For a set

  16. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Shayea, Naser Abdul-Rahman

    and environmental factors. The problem manifests itself in the non- linear deformation of soil under mechanical & Minerals, Saudi Arabia PROOFS Determination of parameters for a hyperbolic model of soils from the eastern geotechnical problems using ®nite element methods requires the implementation of a non- linear model for soil

  17. The first oil price explosion 1971-1974

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adelman, Morris Albert

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 1970 price of Saudi Light crude was $1.21, of which 89 cents was excise tax. By end-1974, the price was about $11, of which 30-50 cents was a fee paid to the former owners, now operators. The detailed history of the ...

  18. DOI:01.IJCOM.02.03. ACEEE Int. J. on Communication, Vol. 02, No. 03, Nov2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , Saudi Arabia ntayem@pmu.edu.sa Abstract ­ In this paper, a new algorithm for a high resolution Direction in two steps. In the first step, the received signals data is decomposed in a Toeplitz form using) for the covariance matrix or singular value decomposition (SVD) for the data matrix; using EVD or SVD requires much

  19. OGEP 2010-161 Uncertainly Analysis of Archie's Parameters Determination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

    University, Yemen This paper was prepared for presentation at the 2nd Saudi Meeting on Oil and Natural Gas Exploration and Production Technologies (OGEP 2010) held at the King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals of hydrocarbon saturation is the vital parameter in oil reserve calculation processes. Archie's formula

  20. Defining the Proton Topology of the Zr6Based Metal-Organic Framework NU-1000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,16-19 heavy metal capture,20,21 sensing,12 ionic conductivity,22 toxic industrial chemical capture,23Defining the Proton Topology of the Zr6Based Metal-Organic Framework NU-1000 Nora Planas,, Joseph E of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia *S Supporting Information ABSTRACT: Metal