Sample records for inuktitut inupiaq iranian

  1. Identifying the Strength of Iranian Opposition Groups 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnes, Riley; Davis, Stephen; Enderle, Dori; Jacobs, Matt; Joost, Laura; Perkins, Mike; Snodgrass, Steven; Stone, Nathanael; Woolfolk, Melisa

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Angry about the results of the 2009 elections, the Iranian opposition took to the streets, coordinating widespread protests to challenge the authority of the regime in Tehran. The protests hampered, but did not stop, the ...

  2. ELT in Iranian high schools in Iran, Malaysia and Japan 131 ELT in Iranian high schools in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    ELT in Iranian high schools in Iran, Malaysia and Japan 131 ELT in Iranian high schools in Iran teachers using prescribed textbooks at Iranian high schools in Iran, Japan and Malaysia. Based on my own testing instruments, influence how teachers use these textbooks. In Iran, the highly standardized national

  3. Identifying the Strength of Iranian Opposition Groups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnes, Riley; Davis, Stephen; Enderle, Dori; Jacobs, Matt; Joost, Laura; Perkins, Mike; Snodgrass, Steven; Stone, Nathanael; Woolfolk, Melisa

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Iranian regime retains a strong grip on power, using both the threat of US intervention and domestic support for its nuclear program to rally support for the government. Unlike recent revolutions in the Arab world, the opposition stands little chance...

  4. National Iranian Oil Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose BendMiasoleTremor(Question)8/14/2007NCPV JumpHydropowerIranian Oil

  5. Iranian Economy in the Twentieth Century: A Global Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esfahani, H S; Pesaran, M Hashem

    Iranian Economy in the Twentieth Century: A Global Perspective* Hadi Salehi Esfahani, University of Illinois and M. Hashem Pesaran, University of Cambridge and USC March 2008 Abstract This paper examines the economic transformation of Iran... in a global context through the Twentieth Century. At the start of that century, the Iranian economy had long remained stagnant, poor, and largely agrarian, with a marginal role in the world economy. By the turn of 21st century, Iran had transformed...

  6. Antineutrino monitoring for the Iranian heavy water reactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eric Christensen; Patrick Huber; Patrick Jaffke; Thomas Shea

    2014-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    In this note we discuss the potential application of antineutrino monitoring to the Iranian heavy water reactor at Arak, the IR-40, as a non-proliferation measure. We demonstrate that an above ground detector positioned right outside the IR-40 reactor building could meet and in some cases significantly exceed the verification goals identified by IAEA for plutonium production or diversion from declared inventories. In addition to monitoring the reactor during operation, observing antineutrino emissions from long-lived fission products could also allow monitoring the reactor when it is shutdown. Antineutrino monitoring could also be used to distinguish different levels of fuel enrichment. Most importantly, these capabilities would not require a complete reactor operational history and could provide a means to re-establish continuity of knowledge in safeguards conclusions should this become necessary.

  7. Iranian-Israeli tensions: Could war engulf the By JOHN LANTIGUA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belogay, Eugene A.

    is energy- related, Israel and international inspectors suspect the Iranians are developing nuclear weapons of China and Russia in the region. Elections are due in the U.S., Israel and Iran in the next two years change the entire political equation. Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Jordan would follow - the domino effect

  8. New Species of Aphanius (Teleostei, Cyprinodontidae) from Isfahan Province of Iran and a Reanalysis of Other Iranian Species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hrbek, Tomas - Department of Biology, Universidad de Puerto Rico

    New Species of Aphanius (Teleostei, Cyprinodontidae) from Isfahan Province of Iran and a Reanalysis isfahanensis, is described from the Isfahan basin of Iran. It is distinguished from the other Iranian species in Iran. THE extant and extinct species of the killifish genus Aphanius Nardo, 1827 (Cyprinodon- tiformes

  9. Impacts of oil disturbances: lessons from experience. [1973-1974 Oil Crisis; 1978-1979 Iranian Revolution; 1980-1981 Iran-Iraq War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curlee, T R

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An analysis of the impacts of previous oil distrubances can be used to suggest the impacts of future oil disturbances. This paper reviews how the 1973-1974 Oil Crisis, the 1978-1979 Iranian Revolution, and the 1980-1981 Iran-Iraq War impacted the US and world oil markets. Various measures of impacts are considered, such as impacts on physical flows of crude and products, crude and product price changes on the US and world markets, impacts on stocks of crude and products, and impacts on refiners' inputs and outputs. Various macroeconomic indicators, such as gross national product, inflation rates, and unemployment, are also considered. Of particular interest in this study are the impacts that oil disturbances have had (and could have) on the availabilities of particular crude types and the abilities of US refiners to process crudes of various types in the short run. In addition, this paper reviews how the actions of the consuming countries and the major oil companies affected the impacts of past disturbances. The paper briefly discusses the likely causes and impacts of future oil distrubances and summarizes the lessons to be learned from past reactions to oil disturbances.

  10. KIR gene content diversity in four Iranian populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashouri, Elham; Farjadian, Shirin; Reed, Elaine F.; Ghaderi, Abbas; Rajalingam, Raja

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Par NY SpI Gre InP Tri Pak Mez Vie Tha Fin SpC Bas Wic AuATok Tokelau, Ton Tongan, Mez Mestizo, Bri British Caucasian,

  11. Availability and Price of Non-Iranian Petroleum - Energy Information

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin:Deployment ActivitiesAge Refining Air1,D O E / EYear

  12. U.S. Strategic Options towards Iran: Understanding the U.S.–Iranian Relations through Iranian Domestic Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abernathy, Jacob; Blanco, David; Kingsley, Marlee; Kramer, Michael; Lopacka, Karolina; Mauel, Heather; Peacock, Mike; Stotts, Katherine; Varela, Marques; Young, Krysten

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ongoing nuclear negotiations between the P5+1 and Iran have made greater progress on more substantial issues than any previous talks. This report argues that Iran’s unprecedented willingness to negotiate is strongly influenced by two factors: a...

  13. U.S. Strategic Options towards Iran: Understanding the U.S.–Iranian Relations through Iranian Domestic Politics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abernathy, Jacob; Blanco, David; Kingsley, Marlee; Kramer, Michael; Lopacka, Karolina; Mauel, Heather; Peacock, Mike; Stotts, Katherine; Varela, Marques; Young, Krysten

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    factional convergences to work with Iran on shared foreign policy objectives. 8 Deborah Amos, “Iran’s Culture Wars: Who’s Winning These Days,” NPR, April 12, 2014, http://www.npr.org/blogs/parallels/2014/04/12/301777901/irans...

  14. 46 | NewScientist | 14 July 2007 www.newscientist.com Earlier this year an Iranian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valero-Cuevas, Francisco

    such as nuclear power plants, was shaped by three accidents: Three Mile Island, the Bhopal chemical plant in 1984 in Bushehr and elsewhere. The biggest nuclear threat from Iran is not from an attack but from an accident, he and other plants. My career, which has focused on the safety of complex technological systems

  15. Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in the Shaping of the Egyptian, Iranian, and Turkish Regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandil, Hazem Khaled

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    became involved in land reclamation, housing, the nationalagriculture produce), and land reclamation (of over 50,000includes construction, land reclamation, agro-industries,

  16. Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in the Shaping of the Egyptian, Iranian, and Turkish Regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandil, Hazem Khaled

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the Liquidation of Feudalism),” in Al-Tali’ah 3 (3): 124-economic enticements. Under feudalism, military commandersafter eradicating feudalism and manipulative capitalism,

  17. Hemicalcin, anew toxinfromthe Iranian scorpionHemiscorpius lepturus which isactive on ryanodine-sensitiveCa2+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    . Biotechnology Department, Institute Pasteur of Iran, PO Box13164, Tehran-Iran. Department of VM: Molecular Cellulaire, Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble Cedex 09, France. Razi/G), 26 (T/A) and 28 (P/I/A). In spite of these differences, hemicalcin remains active on ryanodine

  18. Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in the Shaping of the Egyptian, Iranian, and Turkish Regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandil, Hazem Khaled

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Egypt when Donald Kendall (Pepsi-Cola chairman, and a friendpublic sector affiliate of Pepsi Cola for L.E. 131 millionto the global conglomerate of Pepsi Cola. Four years later,

  19. The Iranian Legacy in the 2011 Egyptian Revolution: Military Endurance and US Foreign Policy Priorities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alimagham, Pouya

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    muslim -brotherhood/. 55 “Egypt govt to outlaw establishmentno to ‘Khomeini rule’ in Egypt,” Associated Foreign Press,http://www.juancole.com/2011/02/why-egypt-2011- is-not-iran-

  20. Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in the Shaping of the Egyptian, Iranian, and Turkish Regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandil, Hazem Khaled

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Political Development in Egypt, Algeria, and Turkey.Perlmutter, Amos. 1974. Egypt: The Praetorian State. NewProlegomena). Alexandria, Egypt: Dar Ibn Khaldun. Janowitz,

  1. Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in the Shaping of the Egyptian, Iranian, and Turkish Regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandil, Hazem Khaled

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a time when Egypt was in dire need for energy and cash. InEgypt would supply Israel with two million tons of energyEgypt’s last war and that the army should now direct its energy

  2. Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in the Shaping of the Egyptian, Iranian, and Turkish Regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandil, Hazem Khaled

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    independent republics in Kurdistan and Azerbaijan to secureand their allies in Kurdistan and Azerbaijan, the two

  3. Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in the Shaping of the Egyptian, Iranian, and Turkish Regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandil, Hazem Khaled

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    s longstanding desire to buy any weapons he could afford,presented a list of weapons he planned to buy for about $10

  4. A Crude Threat :The Limits of an Iranian Missile Campaign against Saudi Arabian Oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Itzkowitz Shifrinson, Joshua

    The United States and its Persian Gulf allies have been increasingly concerned with the growing size and complexity of Iran's ballistic missile programs. At a time when the United States and its allies remain locked in a ...

  5. ISRAEL JOURNAL OF ENTOMOLOGY, Vol. 37, 2007, pp. 287298 Anochetus bytinskii, a new ant species from Israel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villemant, Claire

    East localities to date: A. evansi Crawley, endemic to Iranian Kurdistan (Brown, 1978); A. ghilianii

  6. Iranian Journal of Physics Research, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2008 Pacifying the Fermi-liquid: battling the devious fermion signs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krüger, Frank

    theory'[11] revolution that started in the 1970's in high energy physics, and is still in the process, Supersymmetry. 1. Introduction Since the last twenty years or so a serious intellectual crisis has developed crisis in science is actually the best one can hope for -it should not be confused with an economic

  7. Transitions in domestic architecture and home culture in twentieth century Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karimi, Z. Pamela (Zahra Pamela)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation explores the transformation of the Iranian home in twentieth century Iran. While surveying the socio political underpinnings and aesthetic ends of domesticity in Iranian culture from the early twentieth ...

  8. || Submitted to: Iranian Economy at a Crossroads || University of Southern California || 17-19 September 2009 || Draft Do not cite without author's permission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    ...............................................................................................................................................12 Basis of two OPEC factions and two U.S. policies

  9. argonne heavy water reactor: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Thomas Shea 2014-03-27 2 Antineutrino monitoring for the Iranian heavy water reactor CERN Preprints Summary: In this note we discuss the potential application of antineutrino...

  10. !"#"$%&'&'()*+,#,)-'.)/'0&$+'%"'#-1) 2"$3+$%-'4")+3)*+'0"'5+'-1)-'.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    /8%3*9-:;%%2=?@@% =% Source: EIA. http://www.eia.doe.gov/oog/info/gdu/gasdiesel.asp #12;78/8%3*9-:;%%2=?@@% A% Iranian

  11. Aspect and Argument Licensing in Neo-Aramaic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalin, Laura Mennen

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Neo-Aramaic dialect of Kurdistan: Texts, grammar, andlanguages from di?erent communities in Turkish Kurdistan,Iraqi Kurdistan, Iranian Azerbaijan, and Ira- nian

  12. Ghandi & Lin 1 Do Iran's Buy-Back Service Contracts Lead to Optimal Production?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    Ghandi & Lin 1 Do Iran's Buy-Back Service Contracts Lead to Optimal Production? The Case of Soroosh Exploration through a buy-back service contract. In particular, we examine the National Iranian Oil Company. Keywords: dynamic optimal oil production, buy-back service contract, National Iranian Oil Company

  13. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China made an Iranian oil investment valued at $70 billion.across Iran, China’s oil investment may exceed $100 billionthese involving investment in oil and gas, really undermine

  14. Stable isotope geochemistry of sulfur bearing minerals and clay mineralogy of some soils and sediments in Loot Desert, central Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Stable isotope geochemistry of sulfur bearing minerals and clay mineralogy of some soils Keywords: Sulfur geochemistry Gypsum crystallization water Clay mineralogy Palygorskite Iranian soils Loot technique and clay mineralogy were studied in different landforms in Loot Desert, central Iran. Four

  15. CURRICULUM VITAE NAME: Ali A. Nowroozi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darby, Dennis

    and Fuel Department. Directing Uranium exploration program in Iran, ne and advanced subjects in physical geology, seismology, seismic exploration, geophysical exploration, marine risks. Development of Iranian licensing procedures. 1979-1981 D. Vice President in charge of Exploration

  16. Enhancing Residential Building Operation through its Envelope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vazifeshenas, Y.; Sajjadi, H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study heat loss is evaluated with the modeling software of Iranian Construction Engineering Organization, for both with and without insulation in the building. Of course the evaluation is in accordance with the laws of this organization...

  17. Building to power : architecture of Tehran 1921-1941

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marefat, Mina

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Between 1921 and 1941, Reza Shah Pahlavi orchestrated the transformation of Tehran from a traditional Iranian Islamic city into a modern capital. The urban grid, public spaces, state institutions and housing typologies ...

  18. Construction of history : Mohammad-Reza Shah revivalism, nationalism, and monumental architecture of Tehran, 1951-1979

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Der-Grigorian, Talin, 1972-

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Master's thesis focuses on modem Iranian national/revival architecture under the Pahlavi royal dynasty, in particular the reigning period of Mohammad-Reza Shah. I analyze and interpret three specific monuments: the ...

  19. Landmarks of the Persian Renaissance : monumental funerary architecture in Iran and Central Asia in the tenth and eleventh centuries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michailidis, Melanie

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation investigates the sudden proliferation of mausolea in Iran and Central Asia in the tenth and eleventh centuries and how their patrons, who were secular rulers of Iranian descent, drew on the pre-Islamic ...

  20. ‘I am the brave hero and this land is mine’: popular music and youth identity in post-revolutionary Iran 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steward, Theresa Parvin

    2013-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past decade, popular music in Iran has steadily gained recognition beyond its borders. The Western media has increasingly provided an idealised and romanticised view of music-making in the Iranian underground. ...

  1. Groundwater depletion in the Middle East from GRACE with implications for transboundary water management in the Tigris-Euphrates-Western Iran region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voss, Katalyn A; Famiglietti, James S; Lo, MinHui; de Linage, Caroline; Rodell, Matthew; Swenson, Sean C

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in Marand Plain, Northwest Iran, Iranian Int. J. Sci. , 6(2008), Land subsidence in Iran caused by wide- spread waterTigris-Euphrates-Western Iran region, Water Resour. Res. ,

  2. A global perspective on energy markets and economic integration.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, Arnold Barry

    2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    What will be the effect of Iraqi domestic instability on Iraqi oil production Negotiations for Iranian nuclear technology on Iranian oil supplies Saudi commitment to expanded oil production President Putin's policies on Russian oil and natural gas supplies President Chavez's policies on Venezuelan oil supplies Instability in Nigeria Higher oil prices on world economic growth Effect of economic growth on oil demand in China, India, U.S., etc. Higher oil prices on non-OPEC oil supplies

  3. The Economic Legacy of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    The Economic Legacy of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad Prof. Nader Habibi Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Iran's sixth and working-class Iranians. His campaign promises regarding redistributing wealth, enlarging economic, during his two terms in office, Ahmadinejad indeed implemented a number of important economic reforms

  4. Huber, Shocked, DRAFT for Env. Politics Workshop, 10/14/11, Berkeley, CA Page 1 Shocked: "Energy Crisis" and Neoliberal Transformation in the 1970s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Whendee

    "more fuel at lower prices, and a higher speed and load limits."5 Equally frustrated over gasoline" (341).3 In the wake of the Iranian revolution and ensuing gasoline shortage, what one columnist called truckers who converged on the Five Points intersection in Levittown (which contained 4 gasoline stations

  5. Help those most in need Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger Support Concern Worldwide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avron, Joseph

    crimes' 15:51 UN kicks Jewish, Iranian groups out of Durban II 17:03 Gaza's hobbled power plant makes not be possible without the talented, 20-year-old problem-solvers. Israel owes its status as a high-tech power:37 Israelis in Europe warned of Hezbollah kidnap threat 22:14 Iran slams UN for silence on Israel's 'abhorrent

  6. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Seventh of Tir N 13 Islamic Republic of Iran Abadan Oil Refining Company Abadan Oil Refining Co. N 14) Ltd PetroIran PEDCO National Iranian Oil Company - PEDCO M,N 8 United Arab Emirates Qualitest FZE N / 32 #12;12 Islamic Republic of Iran 7th of Tir 7th of Tir Complex 7th of Tir Industrial Complex 7th

  7. A survey of intrusion detection in wireless network applications Robert Mitchell, Ing-Ray Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ing-Ray

    tool that can defend against the real-world cyber attacks threatening critical systems. These attacks include the Stuxnet attack on Iranian engineering facilities [1,2], proof of concept attacks on insulin pumps [3] and cardiac devices [4], the DoS attack on a German power grid opera- tor [5

  8. Instructions for use Energy Crisis as Global Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tachizawa, Kazuya

    because of political changes in energy-supplying Mideast countries. In 1978 the Iranian revolutionInstructions for use #12;Energy Crisis as Global Problem - 165 - Energy Crisis as Global Problem NAKAMURA Kenichi 1. The Energy Crisis · Floating on a Sea of Oil At night the Japanese islands sparkle

  9. REVIEW OF CHAPTER 23: OLD MOSSY AND THE STRUGGLE FOR IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    REVIEW OF CHAPTER 23: OLD MOSSY AND THE STRUGGLE FOR IRAN Chapter review broken out to assert his authority. Implications for Iran's oil. Along with his attempt to extend his political control, he sought to readjust the financial ties between Iran and the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, in a similar

  10. To appear in Proceedings of the 3rd USENIX Workshop on Free and Open Communications on the Internet, August 2013. Internet Censorship in Iran: A First Look

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    , August 2013. Internet Censorship in Iran: A First Look Simurgh Aryan Aryan Censorship Project aryan censorship in Iran based on network measurements conducted from a major Iranian ISP during the lead up Introduction Iran is known as one of the leading suppressors of Internet freedom. Reporters Without Borders

  11. Visit in Iran from August 23 to September 6, 2003 Michel Waldschmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    Visit in Iran from August 23 to September 6, 2003 by Michel Waldschmidt Introduction. In August of Mathematicians). There I met the representatives of Iran, Dr Mehdi Behzad, President of the Iranian Mathematical to Iran to go there. She helped me to contact the Director of this institute, Professor Youssef Sobuti

  12. NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 10 | JULY 2014 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 465 Science diplomacy in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    in Iran Warren E. Pickett, Anthony J. Leggett and Paul C. W. Chu Iranian scientists are growing increasingly isolated because of political tensions between Iran and the West. We attempt to alleviate been unwelcome during most of the ensuing 35 years. The strained political relationship between Iran

  13. IRAN UNDER MONGOL DOMINATION The effectiveness and failings of a dual administrative system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    IRAN UNDER MONGOL DOMINATION The effectiveness and failings of a dual administrative system Denise, as countries with a long sedentary tradition, such as China and Iran, were made subject to a single people of the steppes for over a century.4 THE CONQUEST OF THE IRANIAN LANDS Iran had suffered other major invasions

  14. 11:05 --IN THE SHADOW OF WORLD WAR II Erika Jerwick, Ethiopia, Italy, and the Politics of Race: 1896-1941

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    Women Soldiers in the American Civil War Benjamin Fox, U.S. Foreign Policy and the Iranian Revolution 9 of Federalist Imagery in 19th Century Argentina Lara Finkbeiner, The Hypocrisy of "Humanitarianism": Contradictions between Policy and Rhetoric on Slavery in Nineteenth-Century French Senegal 10:15--REFRESHMENTS 10

  15. Iran`s petroleum policy: Current trends and the future outlook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pezeshki, S.; Fesharaki, F.

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Iranian economy and political situation have undergone radical changes since the 1979 Islamic revolution. The excesses of the early years of the revolution have gradually given way to moderation and a more pragmatic economic policy--based on the principles of the free market. The petroleum policy, as a subset of the economic policies, has been somewhat affected by the political and economic developments in Iran. The petroleum policy has changed from a position of no foreign participation to a position that includes a desire for foreign participation, the text of a model contract, and an attempt to introduce new technologies in the upstream sector. This report provides an overview of the key issues facing the Iranian oil industry and the economic context in which the oil industry is operating in Iran. It describes the evolution of policies meant to move the oil industry toward the free market; it discusses Iran`s oil trading partners, the outlook for refining and project investments, and current and likely future developments in the natural gas and petrochemical sectors. In short, the report provides an up-to-date assessment of the Iranian petroleum sector and its likely evolution in the future.

  16. A conceptual national plan for outdoor recreation in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saaidi-Ashtiani, Hossein

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , the construction of Amir Kab1r (Karaj), Shahbanou Farah (Sef1d Rud) Mohammad Reza Shah (Dez) and Faranhnaz (Latian) dams have resulted in the creation of four large artificial lakes. Th1s in turn has led to the activities of water skiing and boating in Iran... is humid and subtrop1cal in character, while the interior deserts have hot dry summers and cold dry winters. TABLE 2 IRANIAN DANS AND CAPACITIES Name of Dam Reservoir ca acit million cu. m. A) 8) Dams already built Mohammad Reza Shah Empress Farah...

  17. A review of "Literature as Communication: The Foundations of Mediating Criticism and Mediating Criticism: Literary Education Humanized." by Roger D. Sell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alan Rudrum

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    literature to students for whom English is not their first language. He will surely read with inter- est Azar Nafisi?s recent Reading Lolita in Tehran, which recounts how Lolita becomes a quite different book when read by a Muslim for whom the girl... is not under-age, since in the Iranian version of Islamic law, girls can be given in marriage at the age of nine. To the more pious Muslim student, it is obvious that Lolita is a harlot who has seduced Humbert into sin. Nafisi records an encounter...

  18. State & Federal Initiatives Energy and Waste- The Landmark Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island Energy Savings Performance Contract

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leach, M. D.

    programs since the late 1970's due to the oil embargo of 1973-74. Federal energy management programs were further strengthened by the natural gas shortages of 1977-78 and heightened by the Iranian hostage crisis in 1979. These programs and/or tax... of Liberty and Ellis Island National Monument are perhaps the most visible Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPC) performed in the U.S. to date simply because of the international notoriety of the facilities themselves. While the technologies...

  19. Progress through Dispute: The Caspian Oil Power Struggle and Its Effects on Central Asian Cooperation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cristin Perry, Natalie

    2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    shores on the Caspian seem to hold less oil and natural gas reserves than the other four littoral states,” (Bahgat, 2007, p. 163). Since the Iranian economy is less than stable at the moment, and one effect of this is a strong determination on the part... has also joined the TANAP pipeline bandwagon and is ready to invest in building materials and start the proposal process, regarding specifics in transport and delivery. This pipeline will transport gas from Azerbaijan to Turkey through the Turkish...

  20. National Labs Use OpenEI to Showcase Capabilities | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose BendMiasoleTremor(Question)8/14/2007NCPV JumpHydropowerIranian

  1. Assessment of effective parameters on dilution using approximate reasoning methods in longwall mining method, Iran coal mines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owladeghaffari, H; Saeedi, G H R

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Approximately more than 90% of all coal production in Iranian underground mines is derived directly longwall mining method. Out of seam dilution is one of the essential problems in these mines. Therefore the dilution can impose the additional cost of mining and milling. As a result, recognition of the effective parameters on the dilution has a remarkable role in industry. In this way, this paper has analyzed the influence of 13 parameters (attributed variables) versus the decision attribute (dilution value), so that using two approximate reasoning methods, namely Rough Set Theory (RST) and Self Organizing Neuro- Fuzzy Inference System (SONFIS) the best rules on our collected data sets has been extracted. The other benefit of later methods is to predict new unknown cases. So, the reduced sets (reducts) by RST have been obtained. Therefore the emerged results by utilizing mentioned methods shows that the high sensitive variables are thickness of layer, length of stope, rate of advance, number of miners, type of...

  2. Status of Iran's nuclear program and negotiations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, David [President, Institute for Science and International Security (ISIS), 236 Massachusetts Avenue, NE 305, Washington, DC 20002 (United States)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Iran's nuclear program poses immense challenges to international security. Its gas centrifuge program has grown dramatically in the last several years, bringing Iran close to a point where it could produce highly enriched uranium in secret or declared gas centrifuge plants before its breakout would be discovered and stopped. To reduce the risk posed by Iran's nuclear program, the P5+1 have negotiated with Iran short term limits on the most dangerous aspects of its nuclear programs and is negotiating long-term arrangements that can provide assurance that Iran will not build nuclear weapons. These long-term arrangements need to include a far more limited and transparent Iranian nuclear program. In advance of arriving at a long-term arrangement, the IAEA will need to resolve its concerns about the alleged past and possibly on-going military dimensions of Iran's nuclear program.

  3. Emergency planning for the Persian Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Teller, E.

    1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This was a talk given by Edward Teller for the LAMPF Users Group, Inc. The subjects discussed included: the SALT Treaty, military strengths of the USSR and USA, civil defense preparedness, the present Iranian-Afghanistan situations, and the possibility that the USSR will gain control of the mid-east oil industry. He suggested the following possibilities in preparing for the latter situation: the synthesis of oil from wood; the use of Alaskan coal by coal-slurry transport; the use of metha-coal; the use of in-situ coal gasification; the use of wind power; and the use of nuclear power. Several innovations currently underway in the state of Washington under the direction of Governor Dixie Lee Ray are pointed out. (DC)

  4. Evolution of a genetic disease in an ethnic isolate:. beta. -Thalassemia in the Jews of Kurdistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rund, D.; Cohen, T.; Filon, D.; Rachmilewitz, E.; Oppenheim, A. (Hadassah Univ. Hospital, Jerusalem (Israel)); Dowling, C.E.; Warren T.C.; Kazazian, H.H. Jr. (Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD (United States)); Barak, I. (Kaplan Hospital, Rehovot (Israel))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    {beta}-Thalassemia is a hereditary disease caused by any of 90 different point mutations in the {beta}-globin gene. Specific populations generally carry a small number of mutations, the most common of which are those that are widely distributed regionally. The present study constitutes an extensive molecular characterization of this disease in a small, highly inbred ethnic group with a high incidence of {beta}-thalassemia-the Jews of Kurdistan. An unusual mutational diversity was observed. In 42 sibships 13 different mutations were identified, of which 3 are newly discovered. Four of the mutations are unique to Kurdish Jews and have not been discovered in any other population. A fifth was found outside Kurdish Jews only in an Iranian from Khuzistan, a region bordering Kurdistan. Two-thirds of the mutant chromosomes carry the mutations unique to Kurdish Jews. The authors traced the origin of the mutations to specific geographic regions within Kurdistan. This information, supported by haplotype analysis, suggests that thalassemia in central Kurdistan (northern Iraq) has evolved primarily from multiple mutational events. They conclude that several evolutionary mechanisms contributed to the evolution of {beta}-thalassemia in this small ethnic isolate.

  5. Discrimination Analysis of Earthquakes and Man-Made Events Using ARMA Coefficients Determination by Artificial Neural Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    AllamehZadeh, Mostafa, E-mail: dibaparima@yahoo.com [International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A Quadratic Neural Networks (QNNs) model has been developed for identifying seismic source classification problem at regional distances using ARMA coefficients determination by Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs). We have devised a supervised neural system to discriminate between earthquakes and chemical explosions with filter coefficients obtained by windowed P-wave phase spectra (15 s). First, we preprocess the recording's signals to cancel out instrumental and attenuation site effects and obtain a compact representation of seismic records. Second, we use a QNNs system to obtain ARMA coefficients for feature extraction in the discrimination problem. The derived coefficients are then applied to the neural system to train and classification. In this study, we explore the possibility of using single station three-component (3C) covariance matrix traces from a priori-known explosion sites (learning) for automatically recognizing subsequent explosions from the same site. The results have shown that this feature extraction gives the best classifier for seismic signals and performs significantly better than other classification methods. The events have been tested, which include 36 chemical explosions at the Semipalatinsk test site in Kazakhstan and 61 earthquakes (mb = 5.0-6.5) recorded by the Iranian National Seismic Network (INSN). The 100% correct decisions were obtained between site explosions and some of non-site events. The above approach to event discrimination is very flexible as we can combine several 3C stations.

  6. World petroleum resources and reserves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riva, J.P. Jr.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Up to 1965 the world produced and consumed only 10% of the oil available on this planet; between 1965 and 2040 we will use up 80% of the remaining reserves, leaving only 10% of the resource for the years to follow. Clearly, the epoch of petroleum is a transitory one. Nevertheless, petroleum is at present the most important component of the energy base supporting the industrialized world. This book describes and analyzes the geological basis for the current world petroleum situation. Mr. Riva exaplains the formation and accumulation of conventional and unconventional oil and gas, methods used by geologists in search for petroleum and petroleum-containing basins, and techniques for petroleum production. He then discusses the uneven distribution of the world's oil, focusing on the Arabian-Iranian basin, which contains half of the world's known recoverable reserves, and examines the petroleum prospects in several distinctly different areas of the world. The United States is presented as an example of an area in general decline already exhaustively explored. In contrast, the case study of the Soviet petroleum industry and a geological assessment of Soviet production prospects show a region at the peak of its oil production, with its decline about to begin. He chooses Indonesia as the focus for a typical Southeast Asian petroleum history and develops a profile of Mexico's petroleum situation as an example of an area with increasing production potential. Mr. Riva concludes with an assessment of the prospects for future world petroleum discoveries and a geologically based estimate of the earth's total original stock of recoverable petroleum.

  7. Case Study: Iran, Islam, the NPT, and the Bomb

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saunders, E .

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goals of this case study are: (1) To examine the correlation between Iran's nuclear program and clerical statements; (2) To evaluate the importance of these statements; (3) To understand the relationship between policy and fatwas (Islamic decrees); (4) To address the issue of a 'nuclear fatwa'; and (5) To examine how, if at all, Sharia (Islamic law) has influenced Iran's actions or inactions with respect to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and Iran's adherence to its IAEA Safeguards Agreements and the Additional Protocol. The Islamic Republic of Iran (hereinafter Iran) is one of two theocracies in the world, the second being Vatican City. Iran's government derives its constitutional, moral, and political legitimacy from Islam. As a result of this theocratic culture, rules are set and interpreted with a much different calibrator than that of the Western world. Islam affects all aspects of Iranian life. This is further complicated by the fact that Islam is not a nationalistic faith, in that many people all over the world believe in and adhere to Islamic principles. As a result, a political system that derives much of its fervor from being nationalistic is caught between two worlds, one within the land boundaries of Iran and the other within a faith that transcends boundaries. Thus, any understanding of Islamic law must first be understood within this delicate balance of nationalism and transcendence. Iran has found itself on the international stage concerning its nuclear program. Because Iran is a theocratic state, it is imperative to examine its political moves, speeches, rights, and obligations through the lens of Islam. This study will examine how Islam plays a role in Iran's dealing with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), its understanding of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), including parties obligations under Safeguards Agreements and the Additional Protocol, and also provide a recommendation on how to move forward in dealings with Iran based in part on an understanding of Islamic principles.

  8. Ground Truth, Magnitude Calibration and Regional Phase Propagation and Detection in the Middle East and Horn of Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nyblade, A; Brazier, R; Adams, A; Park, Y; Rodgers, A; Al-Amri, A

    2007-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In this project, we are exploiting several seismic data sets to improve U.S. operational capabilities to monitor for low yield nuclear tests across the Middle East (including the Iranian Plateau, Zagros Mountains, Arabian Peninsula, Turkish Plateau, Gulf of Aqaba, Dead Sea Rift) and the Horn of Africa (including the northern part of the East African Rift, Afar Depression, southern Red Sea and Gulf of Aden). The data sets are being used to perform three related tasks. (1) We are determining moment tensors, moment magnitudes and source depths for regional events in the magnitude 3.0 to 6.0 range. (2) These events are being used to characterize high-frequency (0.5-16 Hz) regional phase attenuation and detection thresholds, especially from events in Iran recorded at stations across the Arabian Peninsula. (3) We are collecting location ground truth at GT5 (local) and GT20 (regional) levels for seismic events with M > 2.5, including source geometry information and source depths. Towards meeting these objectives, seismograms from earthquakes in the Zagros Mountains recorded at regional distances have been inverted for moment tensors, which have then been used to create synthetic seismograms to determine the source depths of the earthquakes via waveform matching. The source depths have been confirmed by modeling teleseismic depth phases recorded on GSN and IMS stations. Early studies of the distribution of seismicity in the Zagros region found evidence for earthquakes in the upper mantle. But subsequent relocations of teleseismic earthquakes suggest that source depths are generally much shallower, lying mainly within the upper crust. All of the regional events studied so far nucleated within the upper crust, and most of the events have thrust mechanisms. The source mechanisms for these events are being used to characterize high-frequency (0.5-16 Hz) regional phase attenuation and detection thresholds for broadband seismic stations in the Arabian Peninsula, including IMS stations and stations belonging to the Saudi Arabian National Digital Seismic Network. To improve event locations, source mechanisms and attenuation estimates, new regional P and S wave velocity models of the upper mantle under the Arabian Peninsula have also been developed using data from teleseismic events recorded at stations within the Arabian Peninsula and Horn of Africa. These models show slower-than-average velocities within the lithospheric mantle under the entire Arabian Shield. However, at sublithospheric mantle depths, the low velocity region appears to be localized beneath the western side of the Arabian Shield.