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Sample records for inuktitut inupiaq iranian

  1. Iranian Women, Iranian Cinema: Negotiating with Ideology and Tradition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moradiyan Rizi, Najmeh

    2015-04-01

    the constitution of religion and tradition. In recent years, however, the new generation of Iranian women is negotiating the notions of femininity, sexuality, and modernity in Iran’s society. Along with this negotiation, Iranian cinema, as the visual showcase...

  2. A concise review of the Iranian calendar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Heydari-Malayeri

    2004-10-21

    We present a general description of the Iranian calendar and Nowruz, which starts at the precise instant when the Sun coincides with the vernal equinox. Although the paper aims at the basic astronomical elements of the calendar, historical aspects are not ignored. Using the ephemeris provided by the French Institut de Mecanique Celeste et de Calcul des Ephemerides (IMCCE) for the period A.D. -4000 to +2500, we discuss the various definitions of the year and show that the Iranian calendar is based upon the vernal-equinox year and not on the ``tropical year'' of 365.2422 days formulated by researchers in the field of celestial mechanics. Neglecting the short-term fluctuations, the mean length of the Iranian year at the present epoch is 365.2424 solar days, corresponding to the mean interval between two successive passages of the Sun through the vernal equinox. There is now a widely spread confusion between the "tropical" and vernal-equinox years, leading to the erroneous value of 365.2422 days often given for the mean interval between two successive passages of the Sun through the vernal equinox. We also analyze the intercalation system of the Iranian calendar, which is based on a 33-year cycle, and point out the astronomical foundation of this cycle created by the famous Iranian mathematician, astronomer, and poet Omar Khayyam.

  3. Identifying the Strength of Iranian Opposition Groups 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnes, Riley; Davis, Stephen; Enderle, Dori; Jacobs, Matt; Joost, Laura; Perkins, Mike; Snodgrass, Steven; Stone, Nathanael; Woolfolk, Melisa

    2011-01-01

    the Iranian regime retains a strong grip on power, using both the threat of US intervention and domestic support for its nuclear program to rally support for the government. Unlike recent revolutions in the Arab world, the opposition stands little chance...

  4. HIV trend among Iranian prisoners in 1990s and 2000s; Analysis of aggregated data from HIV sentinel sero-surveys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haghdoost, Ali-Akbar; Mirzazadeh, Ali; Shokoohi, Mostafa; Sedaghat, Abbas; Gouya, Mohammad

    2013-01-01

    transmission among Iranian prisoners: initial support fortrend among Iranian prisoners in 1990s and 2000s; analysisthe HIV trend among Iranian prisoners. Method: Overall, we

  5. National Iranian Oil Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to: navigation, searchsourceEnergyTexas:NGEN8ModelingGypsumNationalIranian

  6. Colourful presence : an analysis of the evolution in the representation of women in Iranian cinema since the 1990s 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghorbankarimi, Maryam

    2012-11-27

    This dissertation analyzes the change in the representation of women in Iranian cinema since the 1990s and investigates the motives behind it by looking at the overall history of Iranian cinema and those active in its production. Iranian cinema...

  7. U.S. Strategic Options towards Iran: Understanding the U.S.–Iranian Relations through Iranian Domestic Politics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abernathy, Jacob; Blanco, David; Kingsley, Marlee; Kramer, Michael; Lopacka, Karolina; Mauel, Heather; Peacock, Mike; Stotts, Katherine; Varela, Marques; Young, Krysten

    2014-01-01

    Abernathy, David Blanco, Marlee Kingsley, Michael Kramer, Karolina ?opacka, Heather Mauel, Michael Peacock, Katherine Stotts, Marques Varela, and Krysten Young Advisor: Dr. Mohammad A. Tabaar U.S. STRATEGIC OPTIONS TOWARDS IRAN: UNDERSTANDING U....S. – IRANIAN RELATIONS THROUGH IRANIAN DOMESTIC POLITICS April 25, 2014 The George H.W. Bush School of Government and Public Service Texas A&M University Jacob Abernathy, David Blanco, Marlee Kingsley, Michael Kramer, Karolina Lopacka...

  8. Iranian Long Spouted Vessels of the Third and Second Millennium BCE: Contextualizing an Enigmatic Vessel 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cromartie, Amy

    2014-01-01

    Long Spouted Vessels of the Third and SecondContextualizing an Enigmatic Vessel Reflective Essay By Amylong spouted Iranian bronze vessel from the third millennium

  9. Iranian-Israeli tensions: Could war engulf the By JOHN LANTIGUA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    is energy- related, Israel and international inspectors suspect the Iranians are developing nuclear weapons in the region currently with nuclear weapons capacity," he said. "By Iran developing nuclear weapons, that could

  10. Body Beautiful: Making the Figure of Women in Film, Contemplation on the Iranian New-Wave Cinema of the Past Decade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahrokhi, Sholeh

    2009-01-01

    on the Iranian New-Wave Cinema of the Past Decade Abstract:in the contemporary Iranian cinema, with intended audiencesdecade? How does the new wave cinema in post-revolution Iran

  11. Antineutrino monitoring for the Iranian heavy water reactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eric Christensen; Patrick Huber; Patrick Jaffke; Thomas Shea

    2014-03-27

    In this note we discuss the potential application of antineutrino monitoring to the Iranian heavy water reactor at Arak, the IR-40, as a non-proliferation measure. We demonstrate that an above ground detector positioned right outside the IR-40 reactor building could meet and in some cases significantly exceed the verification goals identified by IAEA for plutonium production or diversion from declared inventories. In addition to monitoring the reactor during operation, observing antineutrino emissions from long-lived fission products could also allow monitoring the reactor when it is shutdown. Antineutrino monitoring could also be used to distinguish different levels of fuel enrichment. Most importantly, these capabilities would not require a complete reactor operational history and could provide a means to re-establish continuity of knowledge in safeguards conclusions should this become necessary.

  12. Body Beautiful: Making the Figure of Women in Film, Contemplation on the Iranian New-Wave Cinema of the Past Decade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahrokhi, Sholeh

    2009-01-01

    In this light, the evolving cinematic body of work that hasIranian woman resurface in cinematic productions, as a signwoman emerges through the cinematic production of beauty,

  13. “I Don’t Want to Grow Old and Weak Like You!”: Conceptions of Idealized Masculinity in Pre- and Post-Revolutionary Iranian Cinema

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ale-Ebrahim, Benjamin

    2015-10-01

    dynamics in a predominantly gender-segregated country like Iran. While most literature on the subject of gender in Iranian cinema focuses on women, little has been written explicitly about men and masculinity. This paper will attempt to close some...

  14. Iranian Dialectology and Dialectometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cathcart, Chundra Aroor

    2015-01-01

    to the same irregular x-prothesis as MP x¯ ayag, NP x¯ aya ‘with Cockney-style prothesis) • Pth ¯ewiž ‘any’, Bal hi??-¯sporadic “Cockney-style” prothesis) 1 5. MP -¯?g > NP -¯? ,

  15. Impacts of oil disturbances: lessons from experience. [1973-1974 Oil Crisis; 1978-1979 Iranian Revolution; 1980-1981 Iran-Iraq War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curlee, T R

    1983-01-01

    An analysis of the impacts of previous oil distrubances can be used to suggest the impacts of future oil disturbances. This paper reviews how the 1973-1974 Oil Crisis, the 1978-1979 Iranian Revolution, and the 1980-1981 Iran-Iraq War impacted the US and world oil markets. Various measures of impacts are considered, such as impacts on physical flows of crude and products, crude and product price changes on the US and world markets, impacts on stocks of crude and products, and impacts on refiners' inputs and outputs. Various macroeconomic indicators, such as gross national product, inflation rates, and unemployment, are also considered. Of particular interest in this study are the impacts that oil disturbances have had (and could have) on the availabilities of particular crude types and the abilities of US refiners to process crudes of various types in the short run. In addition, this paper reviews how the actions of the consuming countries and the major oil companies affected the impacts of past disturbances. The paper briefly discusses the likely causes and impacts of future oil distrubances and summarizes the lessons to be learned from past reactions to oil disturbances.

  16. Oil Exports and the Iranian Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esfahani, H. S.; Mohaddes, K.; Pesaran, M. Hashem

    in oil exploration and extraction technologies. Figure 1: Oil export revenues to income ratios for major oil exporters 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1980 1987 1994 2001 2008 Saudi Arabia Iran Norway Venezuela Kuwait UAE Qatar Libya Nigeria Algeria Russia... . As Figure 1 shows most other OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) member countries such as Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Nigeria, Algeria, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait, and a few countries outside OPEC such as Norway and Russia have similar...

  17. Iranian Economy in the Twentieth Century: A Global Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esfahani, H. S.; Pesaran, M. Hashem

    : Chapter 6, Table 5). There was virtually no direct trade with the United States, Japan, or Germany, which later became major trade partners for Iran. However, part of the exports to Russia may have passed on to the rest of Europe or other countries... turbulence and, ultimately, disorder (Banani, 1961). Britain and Russia, two major imperial powers at the time, took advantage of the situation and increased their intervention in Iran, further deteriorating the political and economic conditions...

  18. The second specimen of the Iranian Eirenis rechingeri EISELT, 1971

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Arjan, in the Zagros Mountains, West of Shiraz, Fars province, southern Iran, on the basis of a single male specimen

  19. Availability and Price of Non-Iranian Petroleum - Energy Information

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry Natural Gas ReservesAlabamaAboutTotal Energy Glossary

  20. Political Attitudes and Patterns of Political Participation of Iranian Americans in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zahedi, Dariush

    2008-01-01

    is seeking to build nuclear weapons. Among religious groups,Iran is seeking to build nuclear weapons, 21% disagree (10%negotiate with Iran on nuclear weapons. Socio-Economic

  1. A Crude Threat :The Limits of an Iranian Missile Campaign against Saudi Arabian Oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Itzkowitz Shifrinson, Joshua

    The United States and its Persian Gulf allies have been increasingly concerned with the growing size and complexity of Iran's ballistic missile programs. At a time when the United States and its allies remain locked in a ...

  2. Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in the Shaping of the Egyptian, Iranian, and Turkish Regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandil, Hazem Khaled

    2012-01-01

    on the Liquidation of Feudalism),” in Al-Tali’ah 3 (3): 124-economic enticements. Under feudalism, military commandersafter eradicating feudalism and manipulative capitalism,

  3. Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in the Shaping of the Egyptian, Iranian, and Turkish Regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandil, Hazem Khaled

    2012-01-01

    was trying to enhance Egypt’s power in war rather than justRamsis. 2009. Egypt’s Political Economy: Power Relations inthat there was a power vacuum in Egypt and that none of the

  4. The Iranian Legacy in the 2011 Egyptian Revolution: Military Endurance and US Foreign Policy Priorities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alimagham, Pouya

    2013-01-01

    Egyptian military to power in Egypt and its proximity to thematter of the military’s power in Egypt highlights the corereal center of power in Egypt. ” Every Egyptian president

  5. Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in the Shaping of the Egyptian, Iranian, and Turkish Regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandil, Hazem Khaled

    2012-01-01

    addition to oil and gas fields, rents in Egypt were derivedtime, Egypt had lost $714 million for selling its gas fornatural gas needs at a discount price, at a time when Egypt

  6. One Hundred Years of Oil Income and the Iranian Economy: A Curse or a Blessing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaddes, Kamiar; Pesaran, M. Hashem

    2012-01-17

    Shell, 6 percent to Compagnie Française des Pétroles (CFP), with the remaining 40 percent to be split equally between ?ve American companies (Exxon, Gulf Oil, Mobil, Socony, and Standard Oil of California). Under the new agreement Iran would share...

  7. Constitutionalism and the Republic: Understanding Iranian Constitutional Development from 1906 to 1989

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radd, Benjamin

    2015-01-01

    in the Ottoman Empire, Iran, and Russia, 1905-1908."  Amir.   After Khomeini: Iran under his successors. OxfordThe Islamic revolution in Iran. Oxford University Press,

  8. Political Attitudes and Patterns of Political Participation of Iranian Americans in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zahedi, Dariush

    2008-01-01

    US should remove economic sanctions against Iran, 13% are ofoil targets, 25% think UN sanctions on gasoline should beUS should remove economic sanctions against Iran, 13% are of

  9. Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in the Shaping of the Egyptian, Iranian, and Turkish Regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandil, Hazem Khaled

    2012-01-01

    New History of U.S. National Security Policy Since World WarThe Evolution of the National Security State: Ubiquitous andNew History of U.S. National Security Policy Since World War

  10. Political Attitudes and Patterns of Political Participation of Iranian Americans in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zahedi, Dariush

    2008-01-01

    Los Angeles Area 65%, Jewish respondents 51%) still favorLos Angeles Area 65%, Jewish respondents 51%) still favor

  11. Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in the Shaping of the Egyptian, Iranian, and Turkish Regimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandil, Hazem Khaled

    2012-01-01

    1905 and 1917), Germany, Hungary, and Turkey (1918), and theempires (Turkey, Iran, Japan, and Germany), armies formedTurkey scrambled once more for Anglo-American support. Still, it refused to declare war on Germany

  12. Towards a Systematic Threat Modeling Approach for Cyber-physical Systems Goncalo Martins1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.

    that targeted nuclear centrifuges at the Iranian uranium enrichment plant [1]. In this attack, a worm

  13. Taxonomy for Description of Cross-Domain Attacks on CPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.

    . This attack has reportedly damaged over 1000 centrifuges at an Iranian uranium enrichment plant [1]. Multiple

  14. The Transnational Transformation of Architecture Practice: Iranian architects in the new geography of professional authority, 1945-2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roudbari, Shawhin

    2013-01-01

    of knowledge production and consumption in ways (discussedand the production and consumption of expert knowledge. Withof that mode of production and consumption of knowledge that

  15. Validation of the Persian Version of the 8-Item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) in Iranian Hypertensive Patients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    of hypertension in Iran: second National Surveillance ofMedical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran Cardiovascular Researchof Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran Private Practice, Zahedan

  16. Iranian Journal of Science & Technology, Transaction A, Vol. 32, No. A3 Printed in the Islamic Republic of Iran, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Peter K.N.

    Republic of Iran, 2008 © Shiraz University DOSE RESPONSE OF IRRADIATED XRCT RADIOCHROMIC FILM* M. J. BUTSON

  17. Transitions in domestic architecture and home culture in twentieth century Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karimi, Z. Pamela (Zahra Pamela)

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation explores the transformation of the Iranian home in twentieth century Iran. While surveying the socio political underpinnings and aesthetic ends of domesticity in Iranian culture from the early twentieth ...

  18. Coups, Corporations, and Classified Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaplan, Ethan; Dube, Arindrajit; Naidu, Suresh

    2008-01-01

    Oil Company (now British Petroleum), United Fruit (nowIranian is now called British Petroleum. The United Fruit

  19. || Submitted to: Iranian Economy at a Crossroads || University of Southern California || 17-19 September 2009 || Draft Do not cite without author's permission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    with petroleum underlie, define and constrain the U.S.- Iran conflict and that similar interests underlay the U.S.-British...................................................................................................................................7 British and U.S. neo-colonial-era oil interests in Iran://TomOD.com. 2 Iraqi "weapons of mass destruction" and "links to Al Qaeda" were given as rationales for the U.S.-British

  20. Body Beautiful: Making the Figure of Women in Film, Contemplation on the Iranian New-Wave Cinema of the Past Decade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahrokhi, Sholeh

    2009-01-01

    made a concerted effort to casting the “natural” face. Theexpressed their awareness for casting a “believable” femaleselective approach to casting women in the primary roles.

  1. Proceedings of the 17th Iranian Conference of Biomedical Engineering (ICBME2010), 3-4 November 2010 978-1-4244-7484-4/10/$26.00 2010 IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daume III, Hal

    the relative discriminative power of individual attributes. Cases were selected on the basis of a postoperative in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Shobeir Fakhraei1,2 shobeir@wayne.edu 1. Dept. of Computer Science Wayne State. of Radiology Henry Ford Health System Detroit, MI, USA Kost Elisevich4 nskoe@neuro.hfh.edu 3. CIPCE, School

  2. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    impact demand for petroleum products. Together with robust levels of current global crude oil production, and the potential for additional Iranian exports in 2016, oil prices...

  3. The Modern Face of Honor Killing: Factors, Legal Issues, and Policy Recommendations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vitoshka, Diana Y

    2010-01-01

    politicians defend 'honour' murder." Iranian and Kurdishr=1>. Lee, Cynthia. Murder and the Reasonable Man: Passion3. A Pattern of Behavior: Murder Falling Outside of Legal

  4. Jasmine Diaz Dr. Susan Morse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Kieron

    went into exile in Egypt and the devoted Muslim leader Ayatollah Khomeini assumed power, reinstalling: The Function of Persepolis in the Iranian Diaspora In the 1970's a great power struggle began in Iran, leading to a profusion of civil unrest and mass emigration. In 1941 Iranian monarch Reza Shah, was removed from power

  5. Fighting Iran with Trade Sanctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhala, Raj

    2014-01-01

    Prohibitions against Iranian Energy Sector ........................ 314 1. Prohibition Against Helping Iran Produce Refined Petroleum Products ................................................................................ 315 2. Prohibition Against... ................................................... 338 X. PHASE 10: 2013 DEFENSE ACT TIGHTENING ENERGY, SHIPPING, AND FINANCIAL SANCTIONS, PLUS SHIPBUILDING, PORT, AND PRECIOUS METAL SANCTIONS ...... 339 A. Novel Link Between Iranian Human Rights Abuses and American National Security...

  6. Landmarks of the Persian Renaissance : monumental funerary architecture in Iran and Central Asia in the tenth and eleventh centuries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michailidis, Melanie

    2007-01-01

    This dissertation investigates the sudden proliferation of mausolea in Iran and Central Asia in the tenth and eleventh centuries and how their patrons, who were secular rulers of Iranian descent, drew on the pre-Islamic ...

  7. TMSUI: A Trust Management Scheme of USB Storage Devices for Industrial Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    , which attacked Iranian nuclear power plant, and the latest Havex, which could shut down the nationwide Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team (ICS-CERT) of US Department Homeland Security [19] and China

  8. Building to power : architecture of Tehran 1921-1941

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marefat, Mina

    1988-01-01

    Between 1921 and 1941, Reza Shah Pahlavi orchestrated the transformation of Tehran from a traditional Iranian Islamic city into a modern capital. The urban grid, public spaces, state institutions and housing typologies ...

  9. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY Int. J. Climatol. 24: 16711694 (2004)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Jason

    2004-01-01

    Crescent and Zagros Mountains, where it is strongly influenced by a plateau circulation above the Iranian the local climates. Orographic precipitation in the Taurus and Zagros Mountains supplies the flow

  10. Persian address pronouns and politeness in interaction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nanbakhsh, Golnaz

    2011-11-23

    In this thesis, I aim to investigate the variation of Persian pronominal address system and politeness strategies in contemporary Iranian society from a quantitative and qualitative sociolinguistic perspective. I focus ...

  11. INDELIBLY DAVIS:  A Quarter-Century of UC Davis Stories...and Backstories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanderhoef, Larry N

    2015-01-01

    withdrew shortly after. Neither Nebraska nor Syra- cuse wasnew developments. Second, neither the dean nor the direc-in the world, he says. Neither do Iranians support Al-Queda

  12. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    China made an Iranian oil investment valued at $70 billion.across Iran, China’s oil investment may exceed $100 billionthese involving investment in oil and gas, really undermine

  13. Feasibility of Application of Modern Methods of Construction in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hashemi, Arman; Noguchi, Masa; Altan, Hasim

    2015-01-01

    Various plans and policies have been adopted by the Iranian Government to address the housing shortages in Iran. Some of these policies have been successful and some have failed dramatically deteriorating the housing conditions. Technology transfer...

  14. ‘I am the brave hero and this land is mine’: popular music and youth identity in post-revolutionary Iran 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steward, Theresa Parvin

    2013-10-02

    Over the past decade, popular music in Iran has steadily gained recognition beyond its borders. The Western media has increasingly provided an idealised and romanticised view of music-making in the Iranian underground. ...

  15. Groundwater depletion in the Middle East from GRACE with implications for transboundary water management in the Tigris-Euphrates-Western Iran region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voss, Katalyn A; Famiglietti, James S; Lo, MinHui; de Linage, Caroline; Rodell, Matthew; Swenson, Sean C

    2013-01-01

    in Marand Plain, Northwest Iran, Iranian Int. J. Sci. , 6(2008), Land subsidence in Iran caused by wide- spread waterTigris-Euphrates-Western Iran region, Water Resour. Res. ,

  16. Imagining the Modern: An Occidentalist Perception and Representation of Farangi Architecture and Urbanism in 19th-Century Persian Travel Diaries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vahdat Zad, Vahid

    2014-06-04

    This study explores the inception of modernity in Iran by examining how the built environment was perceived and represented by Iranian travelers visiting Europe in the mid-19th century. Recent scholarship on modernity ...

  17. Brandeis University History current number of majors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickey, Timothy J.

    : China and the Industrial revolution," "Hitler's Europe in Film" and "the American Century: the U courses include "the Iranian revolution: from monarchy to the Islamic republic," "Silk, Silver and Slaves

  18. Construction of history : Mohammad-Reza Shah revivalism, nationalism, and monumental architecture of Tehran, 1951-1979

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Der-Grigorian, Talin, 1972-

    1998-01-01

    This Master's thesis focuses on modem Iranian national/revival architecture under the Pahlavi royal dynasty, in particular the reigning period of Mohammad-Reza Shah. I analyze and interpret three specific monuments: the ...

  19. A global perspective on energy markets and economic integration.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, Arnold Barry

    2006-04-01

    What will be the effect of Iraqi domestic instability on Iraqi oil production Negotiations for Iranian nuclear technology on Iranian oil supplies Saudi commitment to expanded oil production President Putin's policies on Russian oil and natural gas supplies President Chavez's policies on Venezuelan oil supplies Instability in Nigeria Higher oil prices on world economic growth Effect of economic growth on oil demand in China, India, U.S., etc. Higher oil prices on non-OPEC oil supplies

  20. Testing Hypotheses of Vicariance in the Agamid Lizard Laudakia caucasia from Mountain Ranges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schulte, Jim

    NOTE Testing Hypotheses of Vicariance in the Agamid Lizard Laudakia caucasia from Mountain Ranges- ing Iranian plates on which the L. caucasia species group is endemic, producing mountain barriers Sea; (3) the Kopet-Dagh and Balkhan mountains of Turkmenistan and northeast Iran rise to the east

  1. A COOLING SYSTEM FOR BUIDINGS USING WIND ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A COOLING SYSTEM FOR BUIDINGS USING WIND ENERGY Hamid Daiyan Islamic Azad University - Semnan Branch, Iran hamid.daiyan@semnaniau.ac.ir Abstract In Iranian historical architecture wind tower is used for cooling and ventilation. Wind tower is a tall structure that stands on building. Wind tower is used

  2. Huber, Shocked, DRAFT for Env. Politics Workshop, 10/14/11, Berkeley, CA Page 1 Shocked: "Energy Crisis" and Neoliberal Transformation in the 1970s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Whendee

    "more fuel at lower prices, and a higher speed and load limits."5 Equally frustrated over gasoline" (341).3 In the wake of the Iranian revolution and ensuing gasoline shortage, what one columnist called truckers who converged on the Five Points intersection in Levittown (which contained 4 gasoline stations

  3. COMPARISONS OF THE KINEMATICS AND DEEP STRUCTURES OF THE ZAGROS AND HIMALAYA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    Click Here for Full Article COMPARISONS OF THE KINEMATICS AND DEEP STRUCTURES OF THE ZAGROS of deformation of the Hima- laya and the adjacent Tibetan Plateau with those of the Zagros and Iranian Plateau not yet developed in the Zagros, where collision is more recent and Arabia penetrates into Eurasia more

  4. REVIEW OF CHAPTER 23: OLD MOSSY AND THE STRUGGLE FOR IRAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    REVIEW OF CHAPTER 23: OLD MOSSY AND THE STRUGGLE FOR IRAN Chapter review broken out to assert his authority. Implications for Iran's oil. Along with his attempt to extend his political control, he sought to readjust the financial ties between Iran and the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, in a similar

  5. Visit in Iran from August 23 to September 6, 2003 Michel Waldschmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    Visit in Iran from August 23 to September 6, 2003 by Michel Waldschmidt Introduction. In August of Mathematicians). There I met the representatives of Iran, Dr Mehdi Behzad, President of the Iranian Mathematical to Iran to go there. She helped me to contact the Director of this institute, Professor Youssef Sobuti

  6. NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 10 | JULY 2014 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 465 Science diplomacy in Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    in Iran Warren E. Pickett, Anthony J. Leggett and Paul C. W. Chu Iranian scientists are growing increasingly isolated because of political tensions between Iran and the West. We attempt to alleviate been unwelcome during most of the ensuing 35 years. The strained political relationship between Iran

  7. VOLUME 14 NUMBER 1 A Newsletter from the Friends of The Jepson Herbarium Continued on page 2.Continued on page 5.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    following the election of Iranian President Kha- tami. Fosiee's seemingly audacious bid to have a group and Dr. Norris collect bryophytes near Semnan. With advances in technology, data- base structure, and our of the large amounts of new data that are being generated on California plants. The Online Interchange Many

  8. On the origin and spread of horse domestication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warmuth, Vera

    2012-04-10

    BP, and the Central Zagros Mountains between 9900 and 9500 cal BP (Zeder & Hesse 2000). Further support for a domestication origin of goats in Eastern Anatolia comes from the high prevalence of a certain mtDNA haplogroup (haplogroup A) in wild... domestication in the Central Zagros Mountains, Naderi et al. (2008) found a genetic signal of a population expansion in bezoar of the C haplogroup, which likely originated in the region comprising the Southern Zagros Mountains and the Central Iranian Plateau...

  9. Iran`s petroleum policy: Current trends and the future outlook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pezeshki, S.; Fesharaki, F.

    1994-12-01

    The Iranian economy and political situation have undergone radical changes since the 1979 Islamic revolution. The excesses of the early years of the revolution have gradually given way to moderation and a more pragmatic economic policy--based on the principles of the free market. The petroleum policy, as a subset of the economic policies, has been somewhat affected by the political and economic developments in Iran. The petroleum policy has changed from a position of no foreign participation to a position that includes a desire for foreign participation, the text of a model contract, and an attempt to introduce new technologies in the upstream sector. This report provides an overview of the key issues facing the Iranian oil industry and the economic context in which the oil industry is operating in Iran. It describes the evolution of policies meant to move the oil industry toward the free market; it discusses Iran`s oil trading partners, the outlook for refining and project investments, and current and likely future developments in the natural gas and petrochemical sectors. In short, the report provides an up-to-date assessment of the Iranian petroleum sector and its likely evolution in the future.

  10. Newsfront 28 May - 3 June 2007, Issue 18

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    as an attempt to defuse the crisis over the Islamic republic’s refusal to scrap uranium enrichment. Also Friday, U.N. experts inspected a key Iranian nuclear facility, days after the U.N. atomic watchdog agency reported that its knowledge of the country... Poudel. The shocking defeat was all the more humiliating for Koirala as he could not engineer victory of his ‘choice’ this time like he managed to ensure victory of Ambika Basnet as Chairperson of Nepal Mahila Sangh, the party’s women’s wing, last month...

  11. Security implications of the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hajjar, S.G.

    1998-12-17

    The author argues that the Arab-Israeli conflict, the Iran-Iraq rivalry, and the lack of progress in the peace process are strong incentives for nations in the region to acquire weapons of mass destruction (WMD). He documents Israeli, Iranian, and Arab WMD programs and capabilities, referencing use of WMD in the region. He discusses the reasons why the major regional powers seek WMD capabilities and examines the nature of the proliferation dynamic as well as nonproliferation and counterproliferation approaches applicable to the region. The author offers several recommendations designed to strengthen these efforts and deal more effectively with causes of proliferation.

  12. First Report of Leishmania tropica from a Classical Focus of L. major in North-Sinai, Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shehata, Magdi G.; Samy, Abdallah Mohammed; Doha, Said Abdallah; Fahmy, Adel R.; Kaldas, Rania M.; Furman, Barry D.; Villinski, Jeffrey T.

    2009-08-01

    ., 81(2), 2009, pp. 213–218 Copyright © 2009 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 213 * Address correspondence to Jeffrey T. Villinski, Vector Biology Research Program, U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3, PSC 452 Box 141, FPO AE... with an Iranian isolate, and were significantly divergent from two geographically proximate strains from Israel (GenBank accession nos. EU683617 and EU683618). 34 Although this finding could be used to support the first sce- nario, the high intra...

  13. Crustal structure along geotransect Baghdad-Dohuk, northern Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Saigh, N.H. (Mosul Univ. (Iraq)); Namik, I.; Hameed, I.A.

    1990-06-01

    Seismic reflection data correlated to five exploration wells along with geological, gravity, and magnetic data are used to construct the subsurface structure along an approximately 100 km wide corridor that traverses central Iraq in a SE-NW direction for a distance of about 500 km from Baghdad in the central part of Iraq to Dohuk near the Turkish border. This transect is one of few such transects that represents the Iraqi contribution to the Global Geoscience Transects (GGT) project. A strong reflector has been identified at a depth of about 10- 13 km. This reflector is believed to be the top surface of the crystalline basement. This seismic evidence finds support in the interpretation of gravity and magnetic data. The crystalline basement becomes shallower as the authors approach the Turkish border, until about 100 km from the border, and then becomes deeper again to subduct under the Anadolian plate. In central Iraq the basement also becomes deeper as they approach the Iranian border to subduct under the Iranian plate. It appears that the thickness of the crust varies between 35.5 km in the central part of Iraq and about 30.5 km near the Turkish border.

  14. Status of Iran's nuclear program and negotiations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, David

    2014-05-09

    Iran's nuclear program poses immense challenges to international security. Its gas centrifuge program has grown dramatically in the last several years, bringing Iran close to a point where it could produce highly enriched uranium in secret or declared gas centrifuge plants before its breakout would be discovered and stopped. To reduce the risk posed by Iran's nuclear program, the P5+1 have negotiated with Iran short term limits on the most dangerous aspects of its nuclear programs and is negotiating long-term arrangements that can provide assurance that Iran will not build nuclear weapons. These long-term arrangements need to include a far more limited and transparent Iranian nuclear program. In advance of arriving at a long-term arrangement, the IAEA will need to resolve its concerns about the alleged past and possibly on-going military dimensions of Iran's nuclear program.

  15. Assessment of effective parameters on dilution using approximate reasoning methods in longwall mining method, Iran coal mines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owladeghaffari, H; Saeedi, G H R

    2008-01-01

    Approximately more than 90% of all coal production in Iranian underground mines is derived directly longwall mining method. Out of seam dilution is one of the essential problems in these mines. Therefore the dilution can impose the additional cost of mining and milling. As a result, recognition of the effective parameters on the dilution has a remarkable role in industry. In this way, this paper has analyzed the influence of 13 parameters (attributed variables) versus the decision attribute (dilution value), so that using two approximate reasoning methods, namely Rough Set Theory (RST) and Self Organizing Neuro- Fuzzy Inference System (SONFIS) the best rules on our collected data sets has been extracted. The other benefit of later methods is to predict new unknown cases. So, the reduced sets (reducts) by RST have been obtained. Therefore the emerged results by utilizing mentioned methods shows that the high sensitive variables are thickness of layer, length of stope, rate of advance, number of miners, type of...

  16. Design issues concerning Iran`s Bushehr nuclear power plant VVER-1000 conversion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carson, C.F.

    1996-12-31

    On January 8, 1995, the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) signed a contract for $800 million with the Russian Federation Ministry for Atomic Energy (Minatom) to complete Bushehr nuclear power plant (BNPP) unit 1. The agreement called for a Russian VVER-1000/320 pressurized water reactor (PWR) to be successfully installed into the existing German-built BNPP facilities in 5 yr. System design differences, bomb damage, and environmental exposure are key issues with which Minatom must contend in order to fulfill the contract. The AEOI under the Shah of Iran envisioned Bushehr as the first of many nuclear power plants, with Iran achieving 24 GW(electric) by 1993 and 34 GW(electric) by 2000. Kraftwerk Union AG (KWU) began construction of the two-unit plant near the Persian Gulf town of Halileh in 1975. Unit 1 was {approx}80% complete and unit 2 was {approx}50% complete when construction was interrupted by the 1979 Iranian Islamic revolution. Despite repeated AEOI attempts to lure KWU and other companies back to Iran to complete the plant, Western concerns about nuclear proliferation in Iran and repeated bombings of the plant during the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq war dissuaded Germany from resuming construction.

  17. Probing the Local Bubble with Diffuse Interstellar Bands (DIBs)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Loon, Jacco Th; Javadi, Atefeh; Bailey, Mandy; Khosroshahi, Habib

    2015-01-01

    The Sun lies in the middle of an enormous cavity of a million degree gas, known as the Local Bubble. The Local Bubble is surrounded by a wall of denser neutral and ionized gas. The Local Bubble extends around 100 pc in the plane of Galaxy and hundreds of parsecs vertically, but absorption-line surveys of neutral sodium and singly-ionized calcium have revealed a highly irregular structure and the presence of neutral clouds within an otherwise tenuous and hot gas. We have undertaken an all-sky, European-Iranian survey of the Local Bubble in the absorption of a number of diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) to offer a novel view of our neighbourhood. Our dedicated campaigns with ESO's New Technology Telescope and the ING's Isaac Newton Telescope comprise high signal-to-noise, medium-resolution spectra, concentrating on the 5780 and 5797 \\AA\\ bands which trace ionized/irradiated and neutral/shielded environments, respectively; their carriers are unknown but likely to be large carbonaceous molecules. With about 660 s...

  18. Discrimination Analysis of Earthquakes and Man-Made Events Using ARMA Coefficients Determination by Artificial Neural Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    AllamehZadeh, Mostafa, E-mail: dibaparima@yahoo.com [International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2011-12-15

    A Quadratic Neural Networks (QNNs) model has been developed for identifying seismic source classification problem at regional distances using ARMA coefficients determination by Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs). We have devised a supervised neural system to discriminate between earthquakes and chemical explosions with filter coefficients obtained by windowed P-wave phase spectra (15 s). First, we preprocess the recording's signals to cancel out instrumental and attenuation site effects and obtain a compact representation of seismic records. Second, we use a QNNs system to obtain ARMA coefficients for feature extraction in the discrimination problem. The derived coefficients are then applied to the neural system to train and classification. In this study, we explore the possibility of using single station three-component (3C) covariance matrix traces from a priori-known explosion sites (learning) for automatically recognizing subsequent explosions from the same site. The results have shown that this feature extraction gives the best classifier for seismic signals and performs significantly better than other classification methods. The events have been tested, which include 36 chemical explosions at the Semipalatinsk test site in Kazakhstan and 61 earthquakes (mb = 5.0-6.5) recorded by the Iranian National Seismic Network (INSN). The 100% correct decisions were obtained between site explosions and some of non-site events. The above approach to event discrimination is very flexible as we can combine several 3C stations.

  19. Investigation of Deterioration Behavior of Hysteretic Loops in Nonlinear Static Procedure Analysis of Concrete Structures with Shear Walls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghodrati Amiri, G. [Center of Excellence for Fundamental Studies in Structural Engineering, College of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak, Tehran 16846 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Amidi, S. [College of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Khorasani, M. [College of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2008-07-08

    In the recent years, scientists developed the seismic rehabilitation of structures and their view points were changed from sufficient strength to the performance of structures (Performance Base Design) to prepare a safe design. Nonlinear Static Procedure analysis (NSP) or pushover analysis is a new method that is chosen for its speed and simplicity in calculations. 'Seismic Rehabilitation Code for Existing Buildings' and FEMA 356 considered this method. Result of this analysis is a target displacement that is the base of the performance and rehabilitation procedure of the structures. Exact recognition of that displacement could develop the workability of pushover analysis. In these days, Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis (NDP) is only method can exactly apply the seismic ground motions. In this case because it consumes time, costs very high and is more difficult than other methods, is not applicable as much as NSP. A coefficient used in NSP for determining the target displacement is C2 (Stiffness and Strength Degradations Coefficient) and is applicable for correcting the errors due to eliminating the stiffness and strength degradations in hysteretic loops. In this study it has been tried to analysis three concrete frames with shear walls by several accelerations that scaled according to FEMA 273 and FEMA 356. These structures were designed with Iranian 2800 standard (vers.3). Finally after the analyzing by pushover method and comparison results with dynamic analysis, calculated C2 was comprised with values in rehabilitation codes.

  20. Environmental impact of alternative fuel on Tehran air pollution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebtekar, T. [Univ. of Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of). College of Engineering

    1995-12-31

    Seventy percent of the air pollution in the city of Tehran stems from mobile sources, and in comparison with other major cities of the world, Iran`s capital experiences one of the most polluted metropolitan areas. There exists a surplus of liquid petroleum gas (LPG) in the Persian Gulf and Iranian market, in addition, Iran possesses the second largest reservoir of natural gas in the world. These alternative energy resources create a favorable potential fuel for city of Tehran. Experiments carried out in Tehran indicate that in converting the taxis from gasoline to a dual fuel (LPG/gasoline) car or to a dual fuel natural gas vehicle (NGV) reduce all major pollutants (CO, HC, NOX, Pb) substantially. Following the author`s recommendation, the number of LPG dispensing units in gas stations are increasing and the number of dual fuel taxis amount to several thousands in the metropolitan area. The conversion of diesel buses in the Tehran Public Transportation Corporation to natural gas (NGV) has been recommended by the author and vast experimental works are underway at the present time.

  1. Case Study: Iran, Islam, the NPT, and the Bomb

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saunders, E .

    2011-04-01

    The goals of this case study are: (1) To examine the correlation between Iran's nuclear program and clerical statements; (2) To evaluate the importance of these statements; (3) To understand the relationship between policy and fatwas (Islamic decrees); (4) To address the issue of a 'nuclear fatwa'; and (5) To examine how, if at all, Sharia (Islamic law) has influenced Iran's actions or inactions with respect to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and Iran's adherence to its IAEA Safeguards Agreements and the Additional Protocol. The Islamic Republic of Iran (hereinafter Iran) is one of two theocracies in the world, the second being Vatican City. Iran's government derives its constitutional, moral, and political legitimacy from Islam. As a result of this theocratic culture, rules are set and interpreted with a much different calibrator than that of the Western world. Islam affects all aspects of Iranian life. This is further complicated by the fact that Islam is not a nationalistic faith, in that many people all over the world believe in and adhere to Islamic principles. As a result, a political system that derives much of its fervor from being nationalistic is caught between two worlds, one within the land boundaries of Iran and the other within a faith that transcends boundaries. Thus, any understanding of Islamic law must first be understood within this delicate balance of nationalism and transcendence. Iran has found itself on the international stage concerning its nuclear program. Because Iran is a theocratic state, it is imperative to examine its political moves, speeches, rights, and obligations through the lens of Islam. This study will examine how Islam plays a role in Iran's dealing with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), its understanding of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), including parties obligations under Safeguards Agreements and the Additional Protocol, and also provide a recommendation on how to move forward in dealings with Iran based in part on an understanding of Islamic principles.

  2. Profiteering on the Iran-Iraq war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brzoska, M.

    1987-06-01

    The military gear delivered from the US in the Iran-contra affair represents only a minor portion of arms sales to the combatants in the Iraq-Iran war. That war has now lasted more than six years and has deeply influenced the international arms market. Occurring during a period when other demand for arms has been relatively low, the war has nourished new suppliers and has revived both the legal and illegal private arms market. The erratic behavior of the USSR and the US, until recently by far the most important arms suppliers to the Third World, has pushed Iran and Iraq toward more commercially oriented sources, including many in the Third World. Both countries have had ample supplies of weapons during the war, and these weapons have served their purpose. Mainly because of its duration, the war already ranks third among post-World War II wars - after the Vietnam war and the Biafra war - in battlefield victims, with 300,000-500,000 casualties. The economic cost has risen to nearly $500 billion in weapons, destruction, and lost income. While it is hard to see anything but losers on the battlefield, the arms traffickers are profiting. Total Iranian arms imports since August 1980 have been higher than $10 billion, while Iraq has imported more than $30 billion worth. It is difficult to know whether making arms more difficult to obtain would have stopped the war, but judging from other recent wars, such as those between India and Pakistan, between Uganda and Tanzania, and in the Middle East, it seems likely that hostilities could have been stopped long ago. 12 references.