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1

Introduction: Twenty Years of ACCESS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vision of future priorities in transportation research ands 20th Transportation Center. A year ago, UCTCís future, and

Cervero, Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Introductions  

Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player. Introductions presented by Chad Riggs

3

INTRODUCTION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION SECTION 1 1-1 1.0 INTRODUCTION On December 7, 2012, Cameron LNG, LLC (Cameron LNG) filed an application with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (Commission or FERC) pursuant to Section 3(a) of the Natural Gas Act (NGA) and Part 153 of the Commission's regulations. Cameron LNG requests authorization to site, construct, and operate liquefaction and export facilities adjacent to

4

Introduction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Introduction Introduction After the Office of Environmental Management (EM) completes environmental cleanup at a site which continues to have a Department of Energy (DOE) mission, EM transfers responsibility for any long-term stewardship (LTS) activities to the Landlord Program Secretarial Office (LPSO). LPSOs for current on-going mission sites include the Office of Science (SC), Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), and the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). The LPSO includes the LTS as part of the site's mission. When the mission ends, the DOE Office of Legacy Management (LM) assumes responsibility for the LTS. Such sites are called closure sites. At both on-going mission sites and closure sites, if residual hazards

5

Introduction  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9) 9) Release date: March 2009 Next release date: March 2010 Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2009 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2. Macroeconomic Activity Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 3. International Energy Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 4. Residential Demand Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 5. Commercial Demand Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 6. Industrial Demand Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 7. Transportation Demand Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 8. Electricity Market Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 9. Oil and Gas Supply Module. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 10. Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 11. Petroleum Market Module

6

Introduction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Report of the Building Energy Efficiency Subcommittee Report of the Building Energy Efficiency Subcommittee to the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board November 6, 2012 Dr. J. Michael McQuade Matthew Rogers Dr. Arthur Rosenfeld Dr. Maxine Savitz Steven Westly (Chair) 2 Table of Contents Executive Summary...................................................................................3 Primary Recommendations..........................................................................5 Introduction and Methodology.....................................................................7 Section 1: Current and planned DOE activities related to building energy efficiency......8

7

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1¬†¬†¬†Chronological list of developments in the use of materials...iron China 224 B.C. Colossus of Rhodes destroyed Greece 200‚??300 A.D. Use of mercury in gilding (amalgam gilding) Roman world 1200‚??1450 A.D. Introduction of cast iron (exact date and place unknown) Europe Circa 1122 A.D. Theophilus's On Divers Arts : the first

8

Introduction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Draft Report to Congress on NIST Activities in Support of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 December ??, 2008 2 Executive Summary 3 Introduction Revitalizing the electric power grid has become one of our Nation's top priorities, promising to reduce our dependence on oil and to meet the anticipated 1.1% annual increase in demand for electricity 1 . In his New Energy for America plan, President-elect Obama calls for increased investment in the next generation power grid, referred to as the Smart Grid, to help reach the ambitious goals of ensuring that renewable sources provide 10% of our electricity by 2012 and 25% by 2025; and that 1 million Plug-In Hybrid cars are on the roads by 2015. As the Nation's measurement and standards institute, NIST is making a unique contribution to

9

Introduction  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Introduction This report presents the major assumptions of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) used to generate the projections in the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 [1] (AEO2012), including general features of the model structure, assumptions concerning energy markets, and the key input data and parameters that are the most significant in formulating the model results. Detailed documentation of the modeling system is available in a series of documentation reports [2]. The National Energy Modeling System The projections in AEO2012 are generated using the NEMS, developed and maintained by the Office of Energy Analysis (OEA) of the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). In addition to its use in developing the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) projections, NEMS is also used to complete analytical studies for the U.S. Congress, the Executive Office

10

Introduction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- 1 - Revision 3 Tribal Discussions on Implementation of the Section 180(c) Grant Program Annotated Outline and Appendices January 19, 2006 Preliminary Draft - For Discussion Purposes Only - 2 - Revision 3 INTRODUCTION The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) seeks increased input from Tribal nations and tribal groups regarding the design of the Section 180(c) financial assistance program. The attached annotated outline and discussion papers serve as a communication tool to aid the discussions between DOE and Tribal nations and groups. The papers define the key issues and will be updated regularly to reflect key aspects of the discussions and the resulting changes to the Section 180(c) program. DOE staff will use the information

11

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How will we interact with our computational environments in the next 10 years? If the past is to be any indication of the future, our hands will remain restricted to a keyboard and our eyes will remain focused on a desktop display. It is true that progress ...

Christopher Jaynes; Robert Collins

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Introduction  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 1 (AEO2006), including general features of the model structure, assumptions concerning energy markets, and the key input data and parameters that are most significant in formulating the model results. Detailed documentation of the modeling system is available in a series of documentation reports. 2 A synopsis of NEMS, the model components, and the interrelationships of the modules is presented in The National Energy Modeling System: An Overview 3 , which is updated once every few years. The National Energy Modeling System The projections in the AEO2006 were produced with the National Energy Modeling System. NEMS is developed and maintained by the Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide projections of domestic energy-economy markets in the long term and

13

Fuel Cell Technologies Program Multi-Year Research, Development and Demonstration (MYRDD) Plan - Section 1.0: Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Introduction Introduction Multi-Year Research, Development and Demonstration Plan Page 1 - 1 Multi-Year Research, Development and Demonstration Plan Page 1 - 1 1.0 Introduction The U. S. Department of Energy's (DOE's or the Department's) hydrogen and fuel cell efforts are part of a broad portfolio of activities to build a competitive and sustainable clean energy economy to secure the nation's energy future. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions 80 percent by 2050 1 and eliminating dependence on imported fuel will require the use of diverse domestic energy sources and advanced fuels and technologies in all sectors of the economy. Achieving these goals requires a robust, comprehensive research and development (R&D) portfolio that balances short-term

14

Evaluation of an Experimental Re-introduction of Sockeye Salmon into Skaha Lake; Year 1 of 3, 2000 Technical Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Historical records indicate that sockeye salmon were once found in most of the lakes in the Okanagan River Basin. Currently, the only sockeye population within the Okanagan River Basin is found in Osoyoos Lake. Abundance of this stock has declined significantly in the last fifty years. The Okanagan Nation and tribes in the U.S. have proposed re-introducing the species into Okanagan Lake, which has a large rearing capacity. However, assessing the potential benefits and risks associated with a reintroduction of sockeye salmon into Okanagan Lake is difficult because of uncertainties about factors that determine production of Okanagan sockeye, and potential interactions with other species in Okanagan Lake. Associated with this proposal are the potential risks of re-introduction of sockeye salmon into Okanagan Lake. One of these is the effects of sockeye on the resident Okanagan Lake kokanee population, which has declined significantly in the past several years because of habitat loss due to human encroachment, competition with introduced mysid shrimp, and the reduction of biological productivity in the lake as municipalities have moved to more complete effluent treatment. Another concern is the possibility of the transmission of diseases that are currently not found in Okanagan and Skaha lakes from re-introduced sockeye to resident fish. An additional concern is the risk that exotic species (e.g. tench, largemouth bass), that have become established in southern Okanagan Lakes (principally as a result of purposeful introductions in the US Columbia/Okanagan river system), may be able to extend their range to Skaha and Okanagan Lakes, through fish ladders provided at the outlets of Vaseaux (McIntyre Dam) and Skaha Lakes (Okanagan Falls Dam), for natural upstream migration of sockeye. A transboundary multi-agency workshop was hosted in November of 1997 to discuss the potential risks and benefits of reintroducing sockeye salmon into Okanagan Lake. These discussions were summarized into a Draft Action Plan that recommended that sockeye be re-introduced to Skaha Lake as an experimental management strategy to resolve some of these uncertainties (Peters et al. 1998). The purpose of this project is to assess the risks and benefits of an experimental reintroduction of sockeye salmon into Skaha Lake. The assessment will be accomplished by completing the following six objectives over three years: (1) Disease Risk Assessment; (2) Exotic species Re-introduction risk Assessment; (3) Inventory of Existing Habitat and Opportunities for Habitat Enhancement; (4) Development of a life-cycle model of Okanagan salmonids, including interaction with resident kokanee; (5) Development of an experimental design and; (6) Finalize a plan for experimental re-introduction of sockeye salmon into Skaha Lake and associated monitoring programs.

Hammell, Larry (University of Prince Edward Island, Atlantic Veterinary College, Charlottetown, PE, Canada); Machin, Deanna; Long, Karilyn (Okanagan National Fisheries Commission, Westbank, BC, Canada)

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Abstract Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fraction using the UFO-TDMA A method for detecting the presence of organic fraction in nucleation mode sized

P. Vaattovaara; M. Ršsšnen; T. KŁhn; J. Joutsensaari; A. Laaksonen; Tables Figures

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Evaluation of an Experimental Re-introduction of Sockeye Salmon into Skaha Lake; Year 2 of 3, 2001 Technical Report.  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the findings from YEAR 2 of a three-year disease risk assessment. The Okanagan Nation Fisheries Commission (ONFC) and the Colville Confederated Tribes (CCT) are investigating the risks involved in re-introducing sockeye salmon into Skaha Lake, part of their historical range (Ernst and Vedan 2000). The disease risk assessment compares the disease and infection status of fish above and below McIntyre Dam (the present limit of sockeye migration). The disease agents identified that are of a particular concern are: infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV), infectious haematopoietic necrosis virus type 2 (IHNV type2), erythrocytic inclusion body syndrome virus (EIBSV), the whirling disease agent (Myxobolus cerebralis), and the ceratomyxosis agent (Ceratomyxa shasta).

Fisher, Christopher (Colville Confederated Tribes, Omak Community Center, Omak, WA); Machin, Deanna; Wright, Howie (Okanagan National Fisheries Commission, Westbank, BC, Canada)

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Time Series of Daily Averaged Cloud Fractions over Landfast First-Year Sea Ice from Multiple Data Sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The time series of daily averaged cloud fractions (CFs) collected from different platformsótwo Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instruments on Terra and Aqua satellites, the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP)...

Xin Jin; John M. Hanesiak; David G. Barber

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

1. Introduction  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

1. Introduction Background The principal focus of this report is to provide accurate annual estimates of U.S. proved reserves of crude oil, natural gas, and natural ...

19

An Introduction to Particulate Matter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Fiscal Year 2014. Title An Introduction to Particulate Matter Publication Type Book Chapter Year of Publication 2009 Authors Prisco, Joe, Rich Hill, Pam Lembke, D. Moore,...

20

Introduction | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Introduction 2INTRODUCTION.pdf More Documents & Publications 1. INTRODUCTION SC Introduction to Risk Management Microsoft Word - Cross Reference Matrix...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "introduction year fractional" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Transmission INTRODUCTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transmission INTRODUCTION An electrical power system requires constant, second by second, balancing to maintain control over the transmission system can result in failure of the entire electrical system of supply, demand, and transmission capability. Transmission system operators are primarily responsible

22

Introduction A  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Introduction Introduction A merica has the technological capacity to change its energy future. There is no reason, for example, why our nation must continue following a path of rising oil imports when billions of barrels of crude oil remain in domestic oil fields. There is no reason why we cannot continue to use our abundant supplies of high-value, low-cost coal when we have the scientific know-how to remove virtually all of its pollutants and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. There is no reason why we cannot turn increasingly to clean-burning natural gas and tap the huge supplies we know exist within our borders. We remain a nation rich in the fuels that have powered economic growth. Today 85 percent of the energy we use to heat our homes and businesses, generate our electricity, and fuel our vehicles comes from coal,

23

GLODAP Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Introduction Introduction Overview The GLobal Ocean Data Analysis Project (GLODAP) is a cooperative effort to coordinate global synthesis projects funded through the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the National Science Foundation (NSF) as part of the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study - Synthesis and Modeling Project (JGOFS-SMP). Cruises conducted as part of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE), JGOFS, and the NOAA Ocean-Atmosphere Exchange Study (OACES) over the decade of the 1990s have created an oceanographic database of unparalleled quality and quantity. These data provide an important asset to the scientific community investigating carbon cycling in the oceans. The central objective of this project is to generate a unified data set to help determine the global distributions of both natural and anthropogenic inorganic carbon, including radiocarbon. These estimates provide an important benchmark against which future observational studies will be compared. They also provide tools for the direct evaluation of numerical ocean carbon models.

24

Metrics White Paper Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metrics White Paper March 2010 Introduction Through the years, Unidata has conducted metrics, strategic partners, presentations, scientific papers, budgets, proposals, and other instances where or tools from Unidata's web site. Determining the classification of data to be captured, ad hoc committees

25

GEOLOGY, April 2010 315 INTRODUCTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GEOLOGY, April 2010 315 INTRODUCTION The redox evolution of the oceans through Earth history shaped; Erbacher et al., 2005). In this study we use variations in the isotope composition of U, a trace element and Palmer, 1991). As recently observed, the burial of U into sediments is associated with isotope fraction

Pross, Jörg

26

1. INTRODUCTION | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

INTRODUCTION 1. INTRODUCTION 1. INTRODUCTION More Documents & Publications Introduction SC Introduction to Risk Management Microsoft Word - Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc...

27

Chapter 1. Introduction  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. Introduction 1. Introduction Chapter 1. Introduction Household Vehicles Energy Consumption 1994 reports on the results of the 1994 Residential Transportation Energy Consumption Survey (RTECS). The RTECS is a national sample survey that has been conducted every 3 years since 1985. For the 1994 survey, more than 3,000 households that own or use some 6,000 vehicles provided information to describe vehicle stock, vehicle-miles traveled, energy end-use consumption, and energy expenditures for personal vehicles. The survey results represent the characteristics of the 84.9 million households that used or had access to vehicles in 1994 nationwide. (An additional 12 million households neither owned nor had access to vehicles during the survey year.) To be included in the RTECS survey, vehicles must be either owned or used by household members on a regular basis for personal transportation, or owned by a company rather than a household, but kept at home, regularly available for the use of household members. Most vehicles included in the RTECS are classified as "light- duty vehicles" (weighing less than 8,500 pounds). However, the RTECS also includes a very small number of "other" vehicles, such as motor homes and larger trucks that are available for personal use.

28

Introduction to MEAG Power  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Introduction to MEAG Power Introduction to MEAG Power Southeastern Federal Power Alliance Meeting October 9, 2013 Municipal Electric Authority of Georgia ‚Ė† Joint Action Agency ‚ĒÄ Formed in 1975 ‚ĒÄ Owns and operates electric generation and transmission facilities ‚ĒÄ Provides bulk electric power to 48 cities and 1 county in the State of Georgia ‚Ė† All 49 Participants have reaffirmed 50-year power sales extensions ‚Ė† Take-or-pay contracts with participants are court validated contracts with a General Obligation pledge from each city ‚Ė† Generation ownership interest in 10 generating units and a transmission system ‚ĒÄ 2,069 MW generating capacity online ‚ĒÄ 500 MW Plant Vogtle Units 3 & 4 under development ‚Ė† Schedules the output from the SEPA contracts for the 49 members

29

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

1 1 YEAR 2011 Males 18 Females 23 YEAR 2011 SES 2 EJ/EK 2 NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) 35 NU (Tech/Admin Support) 2 YEAR 2011 American Indian Male 1 American Indian Female 2 African American Male 3 African American Female 9 Asian Male 0 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 2 Hispanic Female 6 White Male 12 White Female 6 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for Information Management & Chief Information Officer, NA-IM As of Sep 24, 2011 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER 18 43.9% 23 56.1% Gender Males Females 4.9% 4.9% 85.4% 4.9% Pay Plan SES EJ/EK NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) NU (Tech/Admin Support) 2.4% 4.9% 7.3% 22.0% 0.0% 0.0% 4.9% 14.6% 29.3% 14.6% Race and Gender American Indian Male American Indian Female African American Male African American Female Asian Male Asian Female Hispanic Male

30

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

4 4 YEAR 2011 Males 21 Females 23 YEAR 2011 SES 3 EJ/EK 1 EN 03 1 NN (Engineering) 3 NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) 31 NU (Tech/Admin Support) 5 YEAR 2011 American Indian Male 0 American Indian Female 0 African American Male 1 African American Female 2 Asian Male 1 Asian Female 1 Hispanic Male 6 Hispanic Female 10 White Male 13 White Female 10 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Office of General Counsel, NA-GC As of Sep 24, 2011 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER 21 47.7% 23 52.3% Gender Males Females 6.8% 2.3% 2.3% 6.8% 70.5% 11.4% Pay Plan SES EJ/EK EN 03 NN (Engineering) NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) NU (Tech/Admin Support) 0.0% 0.0% 2.3% 4.5% 2.3% 2.3% 13.6% 22.7% 29.5% 22.7% Race and Gender American Indian Male American Indian Female African American Male African American Female Asian Male Asian Female Hispanic Male

31

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

6 6 YEAR 2011 Males 7 Females 9 YEAR 2011 SES 1 NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) 9 GS 15 2 GS 13 2 GS 12 1 GS 11 1 YEAR 2011 American Indian Male 0 American Indian Female 0 African American Male 1 African American Female 3 Asian Male 1 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 1 Hispanic Female 0 White Male 4 White Female 6 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator of External Affairs, NA-EA As of Sep 24, 2011 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER 7 43.8% 9 56.3% Gender Males Females 6.3% 56.3% 12.5% 12.5% 6.3% 6.3% Pay Plan SES NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) GS 15 GS 13 GS 12 GS 11 0.0% 0.0% 6.3% 18.8% 6.3% 0.0% 6.3% 0.0% 25.0% 37.5% Race and Gender American Indian Male American Indian Female African American Male African American Female Asian Male Asian Female Hispanic Male Hispanic Female White Male White Female FY11 Workforce Diversity

32

YEAR  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

40 40 YEAR 2011 Males 68 Females 72 YEAR 2011 SES 5 EJ/EK 1 NN (Engineering) 16 NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) 115 NU (Tech/Admin Support) 3 YEAR 2011 American Indian Male 1 American Indian Female 2 African American Male 3 African American Female 7 Asian Male 4 Asian Female 0 Hispanic Male 25 Hispanic Female 26 White Male 35 White Female 37 DIVERSITY Workforce Diversity Associate Administrator for Acquistion & Project Management, NA-APM As of Sep 24, 2011 PAY PLAN TOTAL WORKFORCE GENDER 68 48.6% 72 51.4% Gender Males Females 3.6% 0.7% 11.4% 82.1% 2.1% Pay Plan SES EJ/EK NN (Engineering) NQ (Prof/Tech/Admin) NU (Tech/Admin Support) 0.7% 1.4% 2.1% 5.0% 2.9% 0.0% 17.9% 18.6% 25.0% 26.4% Race and Gender American Indian Male American Indian Female African American Male African American Female Asian Male

33

Introduction Windows and Precomputation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Windows and Precomputation Linear Combinations and Joint Expansions Endomorphisms;Introduction Windows and Precomputation Linear Combinations and Joint Expansions Endomorphisms and Complex Bases Outline 1 Introduction 2 Windows and Precomputation 3 Linear Combinations and Joint Expansions 4

34

Years  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Technology in and Technology in the National Interest 60 Years of Excellence Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory FY 2012 Annual Report About the Cover: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) engineers Chris Spadaccini (left) and Eric Duoss are shown experimenting with direct ink-writing to create micro- to macroscale structures with extreme precision. The Laboratory is advancing this process and other additive manufacturing technologies to develop new materials with extraordinary properties for use in a wide range of national-security and other applications. About the Laboratory: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory was founded in 1952 to enhance the security of the United States by advancing nuclear weapons science and technology. With a talented and dedicated workforce and

35

Introduction Alcator C-Mod  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Introduction Introduction Alcator C-Mod is the high-field, high-density divertor tokamak in the world fusion program. The overall theme of the Alcator program is Compact high-performance divertor tokamak research to establish the plasma physics and plasma engineering necessary for an ignited tokamak experiment and for attractive fusion reactors The Alcator C-Mod research program is organized along two parallel, complementary paths: Advanced Tokamak quasi-steady state configurations with high bootstrap cur- rent fraction and RF current and flow profile control; High field high pressure regimes providing the physics basis for the compact, high field approach to ignition. Unique aspects of the Alcator C-Mod facility provide the logical foundations for the sci- entific areas of emphasis in our research endeavors to answer key outstanding questions in the development of practical fusion

36

Introduction Around the year 1500, discoveries by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that are expensive to produce should be more honest than those that are cheap (Tinbergen 1953 in Bedini et al.63

37

Introduction to Neutrino Physics  

SciTech Connect

I present a basic introduction to the physics of the neutrino, with emphasis on experimental results and developments.

Linares, Edgar Casimiro [Division de Ciencias e Ingenierias Campus Leon, Loma del Bosque 103 Col. Lomas del Campestre, C.P. 37150 Leon (Mexico) and Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas Medioambientales y Tecnologicas, Av. Complutense, 22, C.P. 28040, Madrid (Spain)

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

38

INTRODUCTION 1.1 Motivation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and distribution of electric power to end users have been historically viewed as the functions of a natural an incredible expansion, with electricity demand growing at rates of approximately 7% each year. Economies1 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Motivation The electricity utility industry, the last major regulated

Gross, George

39

Demand Forecast INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Demand Forecast INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY A 20-year forecast of electricity demand is a required of any forecast of electricity demand and developing ways to reduce the risk of planning errors that could arise from this and other uncertainties in the planning process. Electricity demand is forecast

40

Weather at Sierra Negra: 7.3-year statistics and a new method to estimate the temporal fraction of cloud cover  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sierra Negra, one of the highest peaks in central Mexico, is the site of the Large Millimeter Telescope. We describe the first results of a comprehensive analysis of the weather data measured in situ from October 2000 to February 2008 to be used as a reference for future activity in the site. We compare the data from two different stations at the summit considering the accuracy of both instruments. We analysed the diurnal, seasonal and annual cycles for all the parameters. The thermal stability is remarkably good, crucial for a good performance of the telescopes. From the solar radiation data we developed a new method to estimate the fraction of time when the sky is clear of clouds. We show that our measurements are consistent with a warm standard atmosphere model. The conditions at the site are benign and stable given its altitude, showing that Sierra Negra is a extremely good site for millimeter and high energy observations.

Carrasco, E; Avila, R; Gutiťrrez, C; Avilťs, J L; Reyes, J; Meza, J; Yam, O

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "introduction year fractional" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Brand Guidelines Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Introduction The new Joint Genome Institute logo takes an evolutionary step into the future, while staying true to the strength of its past. It possesses smooth, flowing lines...

42

ACHRE Report: Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Introduction: Contents The Atomic Century Before the Atomic Age: "Shadow Pictures," Radioisotopes, and the Beginnings of Human Radiation Experimentation The Manhattan Project: A...

43

Introduction The Energy . . .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction HP Model The Energy . . . 3D Version Home Page Title Page Page 1 of 7 Go Back Full Worcester Polytechnic Institute #12;Introduction HP Model The Energy . . . 3D Version Home Page Title Page Model The Energy . . . 3D Version Home Page Title Page Page 3 of 7 Go Back Full Screen Close Quit ·First

Servatius, Brigitte

44

DATA SHARING WORKBOOK Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DATA SHARING WORKBOOK · Introduction · Protecting the Rights and Privacy of Human Subjects · Protecting Proprietary Data · Examples of Data Sharing o Data Archives o Federated Data Systems o Data ______________________________________________________________________________ INTRODUCTION Scientists working in many different areas are already sharing their data through a variety

Bandettini, Peter A.

45

Video Stores: Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal, and a former video manager of Kim's Mediapolis inMEDIA FELDS J O U R N A L Video Stores Introduction Jeffa specific media space: the video rental store. We were

Scheible, Jeff; Neves, Joshua

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Evolution strategies: basic introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This tutorial gives a basic introduction to evolution strategies, a class of evolutionary algorithms. Key features such as mutation, recombination and selection operators are explained, and specifically the concept of self-adaptation of strategy parameters ... Keywords: evolution strategies

Thomas Bšck

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Introduction to Classification  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 This briefing provides an introduction to classified information. 2 Introduction to Classified Information April 2013 3 What is classification? Ôāß Classification is how we identify certain information that needs to be protected in the interest of national security. Ôāß DOE has a formal process for classifying and declassifying information, documents, and materials. 4 Restricted Data (RD) Formerly Restricted Data (FRD) What information is classified? Atomic Energy Act Implemented by 10 CFR part 1045 Executive Order 13526 Implemented by 32 CFR part 2001 National Security Information (NSI) 5 Transclassified Foreign Nuclear Information (TFNI) Authority Classified Information Category 6 Restricted Data Ôāß The Atomic Energy Act defines "Restricted

48

Black holes 1. Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Black holes 1. Introduction What is a black hole? Roughly it can be described as a region that nothing can escape from it. Light falling into a black hole cannot escape from it. It is called `black' because it does not reflect anything. Since nothing can escape from it, it means that a black hole

Glass, Ian S.

49

MORGAN MEYER 1. INTRODUCTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MORGAN MEYER 1. INTRODUCTION Most articles on garage biology and do-it-yourself (DIY) biology-it-yourself practices (see also Shove et al., 2007: 41-68). This article presents three sites of DIY practices in DIY biology. Associations like DIYbio are today present in many countries across the globe

50

INTRODUCTION TO THE MECHANICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INTRODUCTION TO THE MECHANICS OF A CONTINUOUS MEDIUM Lawrence E. Malvern Professor of Mechanics princi- ples common to all branches of solid and fluid mechanics, designed to appeal to the intuition science. The book arose from the need to provide a general preparation in contin- uum mechanics

Kaminski, Edouard

51

QUICK QUANTUM MECHANICS ---Introduction ---  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

QUICK QUANTUM MECHANICS --- Introduction --- The following notes are intended to be a supplement to your study of Liboff's ``Introductory Quantum Mechanics.'' They are not an alternative! My purpose here of Classical Mechanics After Newton found his equations of motion, physicists knew they would have to wait

Jackson, Andrew D.

52

Introduction to Transportation Planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction to Transportation Planning CMP 4710/6710 Fall 2012 3 Credit Hours Room: ARCH 229 on a Saturday night, transportation is not an objective in and of itself, but a means to carry out the functions of daily living (i.e., it's a "derived good"). As a consequence, the transportation systems we build

Tipple, Brett

53

SOLAR STILLS: INTRODUCTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLAR STILLS: INTRODUCTION: Distillation of brackish or saline water is a good method to obtain, and are not feasible for large fresh water demands. Therefore, solar desalination is an attractive alternative because consumption. WORKING PRINCIPLE OF SOLAR DESALINATION: The solar still is an airtight basin, usually

Ramu, Palaniappan

54

Waste Sorting Activity Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Waste Sorting Activity Introduction: This waste sorting game was originally designed to be one have completed the waste sorting activity quickly, no team was able to complete the waste sorting task who were unfamiliar with Dalhousie's waste management system. Goals: The primary goal of the activity

Beaumont, Christopher

55

Introduction to information visualisation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is a short introduction to information visualisation, which is increasingly important in many fields as information expands faster than our ability to comprehend it. Visualisation makes data easier to understand through direct sensory experience ... Keywords: HCI, human-computer interaction, information visualisation, visual analytics

Alan Dix

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Computer Use Regulation Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computer Use Regulation #12;Introduction · The following training materials will reference the contents of the Computer Use Regulations, but should not serve as a substitute for reading the actual responsibilities NCSU employees have under the regulations. · North Carolina State University's computer networks

Liu, Paul

57

Introduction to Solidia Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Utilization of CO Utilization of CO 2 in High Performance Building and Infrastructure Products DE-FE0004222 Dr. Richard Riman Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Carbon Storage R&D Project Review Meeting Developing the Technologies and Building the Infrastructure for CO2 Storage August 21-23, 2012 2 1. Quick Introduction 2. Progress on DE-FE0004222 3. Progress toward commercialization Presentation Outline 3 1. Quick Introduction 4 Solidia offers a low-cost inorganic material manufactured using a scalable and energy efficient process. Its properties can be controlled to engineer outstanding performance for a broad spectrum of building material applications. Our Technology Enables production of versatile building and construction materials

58

Introduction to PGAS Tutorial  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PGAS Languages PGAS Languages Introduction to PGAS Languages | Tags: Programming Models Introduction Partitioned Global Address Space Languages (PGAS) provide a parallel programming model based on the assumption that the global memory adress space is logically partitioned with a portion of the memory being assigned to a specific processor. Two common PGAS languages are Unified Parallel C (UPC) and Co-array Fortran (CAF). The first implementation of this tutorial is based on UPC and CAF. This tutorial assumes that you have some familiarity with UNIX, text editors and compiling programs from source code. It contains some material from the SC11 Tutorial, Intro to PGAS (UPC and CAF) and Hybrid for Multicore Programming, by Alice Koniges (LBL-NERSC), Katherine Yelick (LBL-NERSC), Rolf Rabenseifner (HLRS), Reinhold Bader(Leibniz Supercomputer

59

introduction.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

10) 10) Release date:April 2010 Next release date: April 2011 Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2010 [PAGE LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY] 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2. Macroeconomic Activity Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 3. International Energy Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 4. Residential Demand Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 5. Commercial Demand Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 6. Industrial Demand Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 7. Transportation Demand Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 8. Electricity Market Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 9. Oil and Gas Supply Module. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 10. Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module

60

PHEV Market Introduction Workshop Summary Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Market Introduction Study Workshop was attended by approximately forty representatives from various stakeholder organizations. The event took place at the Hotel Helix in Washington, D.C. on December 1-2, 2008. The purpose of this workshop was to follow-up last year s PHEV Value Proposition Study, which showed that indeed, a viable and even thriving market for these vehicles can exist by the year 2030. This workshop aimed to identify immediate action items that need to be undertaken to achieve a successful market introduction and ensuing large market share of PHEVs in the U.S. automotive fleet.

Weber, Adrienne M [ORNL; Sikes, Karen R [ORNL

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "introduction year fractional" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Introduction to multifractional spacetimes  

SciTech Connect

We informally review the construction of spacetime geometries with multifractal and, more generally, multiscale properties. Based on fractional calculus, these continuous spacetimes have their dimension changing with the scale; they display discrete symmetries in the ultraviolet and ordinary Poincare symmetries in the infrared. Under certain reasonable assumptions, field theories (including gravity) on multifractional geometries are generally argued to be perturbatively renormalizable. We also sketch the relation with other field theories of quantum gravity based on the renormalization group.

Calcagni, Gianluca [Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute), Am Muehlenberg 1, D-14476 Golm, Germany and Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, IEM-CSIC, Serrano 121, 28006 Madrid (Spain)

2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

62

Introduction to High Performance Computing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Introduction to High Performance Computing Introduction to High Performance Computing June 10, 2013 Photo on 7 30 12 at 7.10 AM Downloads Download File Gerber-HPC-2.pdf...

63

Introduction to Renewable Energy Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to Renewable to Renewable Energy Technology A YEAR-LONG SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY COURSE by Matthew A. Brown Lakewood High School Lakewood, CO Lakewood High School Red Rocks Community College Smart Energy Living Alliance Metro Denver WIRED Initiative Introduction Page i-i Revision date: 6/1/08 This curriculum is a partnership between: Lakewood High School Matthew Brown, maabrown@jeffco.k12.co.us Suzanne McClung, smcclung@jeffco.k12.co.us 9700 W. 8th Ave., Lakewood, CO 80215 303.982.7096 lakewood-web.jeffco.k12.co.us Red Rocks Community College Cathy Rock, cathy.rock@rrcc.edu 13300 West Sixth Ave., Lakewood, CO 80228 303.914.6513 www.rrcc.edu Smart Energy Living Alliance 21600 W. Colfax Ave, Suite B-450, Lakewood, CO 80215 303.216.2026 www.SmartEnergyLiving.org With funding from: Metro Denver WIRED Initiative

64

Fermilab An Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

! ! An Introduction ! Herman B. White Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory June 4, 2013 Summer Student Lecture Series Let's talk about the Universe Fermilab: A Little Past, An active Present, An Outstanding Future Particle physics on the Prairie What you will hear this Summer The Adventure Outline What is the Universe made of? What are the smallest things we can study? X Ray machine atom 1 100 1 100 1 100 1 nucleus n * p n * p Electron Quark higher beam particle energy = smaller size you can see 0.000000000000000001 m nano nano meter Everything that we can see is made of electrons, and smaller particles. ! ! Quarks Fermilab: A Great Past, An active Present, An Outstanding Future Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory advances the understanding of the fundamental nature of matter

65

Chapter 1 Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

years could include developing updated performance data for the enzymatic conversion of corn stover to ethanol; implementing a corn stover-to-ethanol conversion demonstration...

66

POLICY OPTIONS FOR FCV MARKET INTRODUCTION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

G. Duleep G. Duleep Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. www.eea-inc.com POLICY OPTIONS FOR FCV MARKET INTRODUCTION Prepared for: Hydrogen 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis Meeting Introduction Phases Phase 1 - sales of few hundred FCVs per year. Cost of vehicles will be 5 x over average vehicle and refueling infrastructure will be in an urban area. Phase 2 - ten to twenty thousand FCVs per model and one/two models per major manufacturer. Cost of vehicles will be 2 x over average vehicle, and urban and limited regional refueling infrastructure. Phase 3 - Mass market introduction, FCV cost at 1.1 to 1.2 x. Good regional refueling and limited city pair refueling sites. Policies for Phase 1 Vehicles will not be sold commercially but leased to select fleets and owners. Government fleet buy-

67

Introduction to information extraction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, analysts have been confronted with the increasing availability of on‐line sources of information in the form of natural‐language texts. This increased accessibility of textual information has led to a corresponding interest ...

Douglas E. Appelt

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

web identity standards introduction .............................................................................................................87  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

web identity standards sectionten 86 contents introduction............................................................................................................... 89-90 tagline and the web .................................................................................................91 tagline and the web: improper use

Mullins, Dyche

69

NETL: Gasifipedia - Introduction to Gasification  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasification Introduction Gasification is a technological process that uses heat, pressure, steam, and often oxygen to convert any carbonaceous (carbon-based) raw material into...

70

INTRODUCTION PART I 11 Introduction Part I Solid State NMR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10 PART I #12;INTRODUCTION ­ PART I 11 Introduction Part I ­ Solid State NMR OVERVIEW Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy can provide atomic-resolution structures of biological molecules. The exact resonance frequency depends on the chemical environment of each spins, as a result the NMR

Watts, Anthony

71

Introduction to Color Superconductivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At high nuclear density and small temperature, due to the asymptotic freedom property of Quantum ChromoDynamics and to the existence of an attractive channel in the color interaction, diquark condensates might be formed. Since these condensates break the color gauge symmetry, this phenomenon has the name of color superconductivity. In the last few years this has become a very active field of research. While a direct experimental test is still missing, color superconductivity might have implications in astrophysics because for some compact stars, e.g. pulsars, the baryon densities necessary for color superconductivity can probably be reached.

G. Nardulli

2006-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

72

Introduction to repowering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gas turbine repowering has been a part of the power industry since the early 1980s. In some of the industrialized nations, many electric generating plants are now over 30 years old. These plants are still functioning, but they are among the last to be dispatched, since efficiency is low and cost of per kilowatt of electricity is high. Many of these plants are direct-fired facilities which are candidates for some form of repowering; i.e., replacement of the heat source (boiler) with a gas turbine and HRSG, or installation of a gas turbine/HRSG as an additional heat source. Repowering can also be applied to nuclear facilities, with a series of gas turbines replacing the reactor. This has been less common so far than repowering of direct-fired plants, but may become more common in the next century, as nuclear plants reach retirement age. This paper discusses briefly the types of repowering, and repowering advantages. 1 fig.

NONE

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Document Number Q0029500 Introduction  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Introduction Introduction 1.0 Introduction This Remedial Investigation (RI) AddendumRocused Feasibility Study (FFS) report updates the 1998 final RI and presents the results of a FFS conducted for Operable Unit (OU) 111, contaminated surface water and ground water, of the Monticello Mill Tailings Site (MMTS). These documents are combined to promote better reference between the updated RI information and the remedy comparisons of the FFS. This document is prepared by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Grand Junction, Colorado, to fulfill its obligations under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) and Executive Order 12580, "Superfund Implementation." The information presented in this report will be the

74

TRENDS: METHANE EMISSIONS - INTRODUCTION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Of the total direct radiative forcing of long-lived greenhouse gases (2.45 Of the total direct radiative forcing of long-lived greenhouse gases (2.45 Wm-2), almost 20% is attributable to methane (CH4), according to the 1995 report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 1995). Since the mid-1700s, the atmospheric concentration of methane has increased by about 145% (IPCC 1995). Thus, an understanding of the various sources of methane is important. Atmospheric methane is produced both from natural sources (e.g., wetlands) and from human activities (see global methane cycle, from Professor W.S. Reeburgh at the University of California Irvine). Total sources of methane to the atmosphere for the period 1980-1990 were about 535 (range of 410-660) Tg (1 Teragram = 1 million metric tons) CH4 per year, of which 160 (110-210) Tg CH4/yr were from natural sources and 375 (300-450) Tg CH4/yr

75

Quantum Espresso Quick Start Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum Espresso Quick Start Introduction Quantum Espresso (http://www.quantum properties eg., phonon dispersion, NMR shifts and band structure to name a few. Quantum Espresso is available. Matter 21, 395502 (2009). Online Guide for QE : http://www.quantum

Bj√łrnstad, Ottar Nordal

76

Classical Quark Models: An Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an elementary introduction to some of the quark models used to understand the properties of light mesons and baryons. These lectures are intended for both theoretical and experimental graduate students beginning their study of the strong interaction.

A. W. Thomas; S. V. Wright

1998-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

77

Symmetric continued fractions  

SciTech Connect

Explicit formulae for continued fractions with symmetric patterns in their partial quotients are constructed in the field of formal power series. Similar to the work of Cohn in 1996, which generalized the so-called folding lemma to {kappa}-fold symmetry, the notion of {kappa}-duplicating symmetric continued fractions is investigated using a modification of the 1995 technique due to Clemens, Merrill and Roeder.

Panprasitwech, Oranit [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, King Mongkut' s University of Technology Thonburi, Bangkok 10140 (Thailand); Laohakosol, Vichian [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900 (Thailand); Chaichana, Tuangrat [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330 (Thailand)

2010-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

78

CDIAC::Carbon Emission::Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Introduction Introduction Each year the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) generates estimates of carbon releases from fossil-fuel consumption and cement production. Emissions from fossil-fuel burning represent the largest anthropogenic source of carbon to the atmosphere and are an important contributor to elevated atmospheric CO2 levels. CDIAC produces annual fossil-fuel CO2 emission time series at global and national scales and these time series serve as building blocks for other data products including gridded (1 x 1) emission time series. Details regarding the methods used to produce these time series and data products may be found on the CDIAC website. This new interface allows users to query, visualize, and download the latest CDIAC fossil-fuel CO2 emission estimates. In the future, additional

79

A discrete fractional random transform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a discrete fractional random transform based on a generalization of the discrete fractional Fourier transform with an intrinsic randomness. Such discrete fractional random transform inheres excellent mathematical properties of the fractional Fourier transform along with some fantastic features of its own. As a primary application, the discrete fractional random transform has been used for image encryption and decryption.

Zhengjun Liu; Haifa Zhao; Shutian Liu

2006-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

80

Introduction and Background Recent years have seen a substantial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Atmospheric Administration | National Marine Fisheries Service Update on NOAA Spending Plan to Support* $ 761K NEPA document development $ 491K $ 520K Dockside Monitoring $ 1.5M $ 660K At-Sea Monitors.0M $ 6.0M NMFS Costs Science (e.g., socio-economic research, $ 511K discard analysis) Data mgt

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "introduction year fractional" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

INTRODUCTION In their 400 million year evolutionary history, elasmobranch fishes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Light was provided by a red-blue light emitting diode (LED) array, and ambient CO # partial pressure (Ca

Kajiura, Stephen

82

Introduction to Solar Photon Conversion  

SciTech Connect

The efficient and cost-effective direct conversion of solar photons into solar electricity and solar fuels is one of the most important scientific and technological challenges of this century. It is estimated that at least 20 terawatts of carbon-free energy (1 and 1/2 times the total amount of all forms of energy consumed today globally), in the form of electricity and liquid and gaseous fuels, will be required by 2050 in order to avoid the most serious consequences of global climate change and to ensure adequate global energy supply that will avoid economic chaos. But in order for solar energy to contribute a major fraction of future carbon-free energy supplies, it must be priced competitively with, or perhaps even be less costly than, energy from fossil fuels and nuclear power as well as other renewable energy resources. The challenge of delivering very low-cost solar fuels and electricity will require groundbreaking advances in both fundamental and applied science. This Thematic Issue on Solar Photon Conversion will provide a review by leading researchers on the present status and prognosis of the science and technology of direct solar photoconversion to electricity and fuels. The topics covered include advanced and novel concepts for low-cost photovoltaic (PV) energy based on chemistry (dye-sensitized photoelectrodes, organic and molecular PV, multiple exciton generation in quantum dots, singlet fission), solar water splitting, redox catalysis for water oxidation and reduction, the role of nanoscience and nanocrystals in solar photoconversion, photoelectrochemical energy conversion, and photoinduced electron transfer. The direct conversion of solar photons to electricity via photovoltaic (PV) cells is a vital present-day commercial industry, with PV module production growing at about 75%/year over the past 3 years. However, the total installed yearly averaged energy capacity at the end of 2009 was about 7 GW-year (0.2% of global electricity usage). Thus, there is potential for the PV industry to grow enormously in the future (by factors of 100-300) in order for it to provide a significant fraction of total global electricity needs (currently about 3.5 TW). Such growth will be greatly facilitated by, and probably even require, major advances in the conversion efficiency and cost reduction for PV cells and modules; such advances will depend upon advances in PV science and technology, and these approaches are discussed in this Thematic Issue. Industrial and domestic electricity utilization accounts for only about 30% of the total energy consumed globally. Most ({approx}70%) of our energy consumption is in the form of liquid and gaseous fuels. Presently, solar-derived fuels are produced from biomass (labeled as biofuels) and are generated through biological photosynthesis. The global production of liquid biofuels in 2009 was about 1.6 million barrels/day, equivalent to a yearly output of about 2.5 EJ (about 1.3% of global liquid fuel utilization). The direct conversion of solar photons to fuels produces high-energy chemical products that are labeled as solar fuels; these can be produced through nonbiological approaches, generally called artificial photosynthesis. The feedstocks for artificial photosynthesis are H{sub 2}O and CO{sub 2}, either reacting as coupled oxidation-reduction reactions, as in biological photosynthesis, or by first splitting H{sub 2}O into H{sub 2} and O{sub 2} and then reacting the solar H{sub 2} with CO{sub 2} (or CO produced from CO2) in a second step to produce fuels through various well-known chemical routes involving syngas, water gas shift, and alcohol synthesis; in some applications, the generated solar H{sub 2} itself can be used as an excellent gaseous fuel, for example, in fuel cells. But at the present time, there is no solar fuels industry. Much research and development are required to create a solar fuels industry, and this Thematic Issue presents several reviews on the relevant solar fuels science and technology. The first three manuscripts relate to the daunting problem of producing

Nozik, A.; Miller, J.

2010-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

83

Introduction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MELCOR-Gap Analysis MELCOR-Gap Analysis Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board Recommendation 2002-1 Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan Commitment 4.2.1.3: Software Quality Assurance Improvement Plan: MELCOR Gap Analysis Final Report U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environment, Safety and Health 1000 Independence Ave., S.W. Washington, DC 20585-2040 May 2004 MELCOR Gap Analysis May 2004 Final Report INTENTIONALLY BLANK ii MELCOR Gap Analysis May 2004 Final Report FOREWORD This report documents the outcome of an evaluation of the Software Quality Assurance (SQA) attributes of the MELCOR computer code for leak path factor applications, relative to established software requirements. This evaluation, a "gap analysis," is performed to meet Commitment 4.2.1.3 of the

84

Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Multicomponent Seismic Attributes, Multicomponent Seismic Attributes, New Rock Physics Models, and In Situ Data to Estimate Gas-Hydrate Concentrations in Deep-Water, Near-Seafloor Strata of the Gulf of Mexico REPORT DELIVERABLE: TASK 8 (Select Rock Physics Model) Reporting Period Start Date: 1 March 2006 Reporting Period End Date: 31 August 2007 Principal Investigators: Bob A. Hardage Paul E. Murray Diana C. Sava Report Date: 17 July 2007 DOE Award DE-FC26-05NT42667 Submitting Organization: Bureau of Economic Geology The University of Texas at Austin University Station, Box X Austin, TX 78713-8924 Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency

85

Introduction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric Transmission in the West Electric Transmission in the West Planning Ôā∑ Siting Ôā∑ Issues February 7, 2012 2 Ôāß What does Transmission Look Like? Ôāß Why is Transmission Important? Ôāß Transmission Planning Ôāß Transmission Siting Ôāß Select Transmission Issues Ôāß References Presentation Content ¬© 2010 ICF International. All rights reserved. What does Transmission Look Like? ¬© 2010 ICF International. All rights reserved. WHAT DOES ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION LOOK LIKE 4 Ôāß Provide affordable/reliable electricity Ôāß Implement public policies - Renewable energy (RPS, PTC, ITC) Why is Transmission Important? ¬© 2010 ICF International. All rights reserved. Renewable Portfolio Standards WHY IS TRANSMISSION IMPORTANT 5 Transmission Planning ¬© 2010 ICF International. All rights reserved.

86

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bioinformatics and computational biology will enable breakthroughs in basic biological research and improvements in the prevention, treatment, and cure of diseases.

Craig A. Stewart

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...1 . Of these higher-density alternatives, only depleted uranium, tungsten, and tantalum are practical for most commercial applications. Tantalum is discussed in the Section "Refractory Metals and Alloys" in this Handbook. The remainder of this section will discuss the most

88

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...material cost compared to aluminum and magnesium Fuel economy improvement through weight reduction...

89

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...and piping for storage and transportation of liquefied natural gas, superconducting systems in power transmissions,

90

INTRODUCTION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... meters are approved to very tight tolerances on ... Liquids and Liquefied Natural Gas, Water, Water. ... from use in applications with tighter tolerances until ...

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

91

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1¬†¬†¬†Electrochemical series, alphabetic...Bi 2 O 4 +4H + +2 e - ‚?? 2BiO + +2H 2 O 1.59 BiO + +2H + +3 e - ‚?? Bi+H 2 O 0.32 BiOCl+2H + +3 e - ‚?? Bi+Cl - +H 2 O 0.1583 BiOOH+H 2 O+3 e - ‚?? Bi+3OH - -0.46 Br 2 (aq)+2 e - ‚?? 2Br - 1.087 Br 2 (l)+2 e - ‚?? 2Br - 1.065 HBrO+H + + e - ‚?? Br 2 +H 2 O 1.59 HBrO+H + +2 e - ‚?? Br - +H 2 O 1.33 2HBrO+2H +...

92

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1¬†¬†¬†History of cermet product development and marketing...Ta, Ti)C-(Ni, Mo, Co) Kentanium Kennametal 1952‚??1954 TiC-(steel, Mo) Ferro-TiC Sintercast (Chromalloy) 1960 TiC-(Ni, Mo) ‚?¶ Ford Motor Company 1970 Ti(C, N)-(Ni, Mo) Experimental alloys Technical University Vienna 1974 (Ti, Mo) (C, N)-(Ni, Mo) Spinodal Alloy Teledyne Firth Sterling 1975 TiC-TiN-WC-Mo...

93

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1¬†¬†¬†History of cermet product development and marketing...Ta, Ti) C-(Ni, Mo, Co) Kentanium Kennametal 1952‚??1954 TiC-(steel, Mo) Ferro-TiC Sintercast (Chromalloy) 1960 TiC-(Ni, Mo) ‚?¶ Ford Motor Company 1970 Ti(C, N)-(Ni, Mo) Experimental alloys Technical University Vienna 1974 (Ti,Mo) (C,N)-(Ni,Mo) Spinodal Alloy Teledyne Firth Sterling 1975 TiC-TiN-WC-Mo 2...

94

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Figure: ...Fig. 2 Offshore performance cruising monohull ( Pinta ). Courtesy of Martin Yachts, New Zealand...

95

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... deemed necessary to evaluate a belt profiling feature in ... a 10:1 ratio based on the size, loading and speed of ... Similar or the same type of load cell or ...

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

96

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...James A. Rossow Wyman-Gordon Company C.P. Royer Exxon Production Research Company Mamdouh M. Salama Conoco Inc. Norman L. Samways Association of Iron and Steel Engineers Gregory D. Sander Ring Screw Works J.A. Schmidt Joseph T. Ryerson and Sons, Inc. Michael Schmidt Carpenter Technology Corporation W....

97

Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charles Charles E. Wyman 1,2 1 Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Center for Environmental Research and Technology, University of California, Riverside, USA 2 BioEnergy Science Center, Oak Ridge, USA Welcome to "Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for Biological and Chemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals." This book provides insights into thermochemical preparation of cellulosic biomass such as wood, grass, and agricultural and forestry residues for aqueous conversion to fuels and chemicals as well as economic and analysis information that is broadly applicable to a wide range of aqueous biomass opera- tions. Historically, acid catalyzed hydrolysis of biomass goes back to the early nineteenth century [1], when the emphasis was on aqueous-processing of biomass in concentrated acid or dilute acid at higher tempera- ture to break down cellulose

98

INTRODUCTION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

200 200 Risk Characterization for Ecological Risk Assessment of Contaminated Sites This document has been approved by the K-25 Site Technical Information Office for release to the public. Date: ES/ER/TM-200 Risk Characterization for Ecological Risk Assessment of Contaminated Sites G. W. Suter II Date Issued-October 1996 Prepared by the Environmental Restoration Risk Assessment Program Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc. Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management under budget and reporting code EW 20 LOCKHEED MARTIN ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC. managing the Environmental Management Activities at the Oak Ridge K-25 Site Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant Oak Ridge National Laboratory

99

Introduction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-- -- September 2005 1 What's Happening in EM? Ella McNeil Office of Transportation, EM-11 TEC -- September 2005 2 Cleanup and waste disposition continue. . . * Continuing progress toward site closures * Disposition of "orphan" or special waste streams are some of the remaining obstacles to closure * Working with sites to develop comprehensive lists of these streams and to identify needed treatment and disposal options * Identification of disposal facility - commercial or Federal * Ability to continue to accelerate cleanup is directly dependent on the ability to ship and dispose of waste safely TEC -- September 2005 3 Current DOE/EM Waste Management Policy * LLW and MLLW: * If practical, disposal at generation site * If on-site disposal not available, then disposal at another

100

Introduction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EnerNOC, Inc. ("EnerNOC") is pleased to provide these comments to the Department of Energy in response to the Request for Information "Policy and Logistical Challenges to Smart Grid Implementation." EnerNOC is a leading provider of demand response and energy efficiency solutions to utilities, Independent System Operators ("ISOs") and customers in the commercial, industrial and institutional ("CI&I") sectors. EnerNOC uses near real-time data collected from

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prospect Manager Prospect Manager ProspectManager is a perl script that utilizes Perl/Tk to allow the user to interface with the standard Prospect tools in a GUI interface. It can be found in the bin directory of the prospect installization. It can be called by the command: prospect_manager.pl You set the sequence file to work with, and the basic options, such as which database to thread aginst, the number of CPUs to use, and the type of threading to be used. There are a number of envirormental varibles that need to be set up in order for Prospect Manager to correctly find the tools that it needs. These enviromental varibles can be setup in the shell initialization script, or in the entry lines in Prospect Manager after the program has been launched. The main window The following need to be set for Prospect Manager to work correctly:

102

Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diffusion Driven Desalination Process Diffusion Driven Desalination Process James F. Klausner, Mohamed Darwish, and Renwei Mei University of Florida Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Gainesville, Florida 32611 Abstract An innovative diffusion driven desalination (DDD) process is presented, and its performance based on thermodynamic considerations is thoroughly explored. The desalination is driven by water vapor saturating dry air flowing through a diffusion tower. Liquid water is condensed out of the air/vapor mixture in a direct contact condenser. The desalination process is suitable for operation at low temperatures and may be driven by waste heat with low thermodynamic availability. It is demonstrated that the DDD process can yield a fresh water production efficiency of 8% with an energy consumption

103

Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Phoenix, Arizona. The energy use was Phoenix, Arizona. The energy use was calculated for many window design variations including 5 orientations, 3 glazing areas, 5 shading types, and 20 window Key Issues Orientation: Homes with windows facing predominately north use less energy than homes facing east, south, or west. With high-performance windows and shading strategies, these differences can be considerably less. Window Area: Energy use increases with window area using windows with clear and high-solar-gain glazing. With high-performance windows, energy use may not increase at all when using a larger window area. Shading Condition: On north-facing homes, shading devices will have little impact. On south-facing homes, overhangs can be effective to block the hot summer sun. Shading devices have less impact when using high-

104

Introduction  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

REALTIME MONITORING OF PIPELINES FOR REALTIME MONITORING OF PIPELINES FOR THIRD-PARTY CONTACT SEMI-ANNUAL TECHNICAL PROGRESS REPORT NO. 2 April 1, 2004-September 30, 2004 Principal Authors Gary L. Burkhardt, Staff Scientist Alfred E. Crouch, Staff Engineer Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-03NT41878 Southwest Research Institute ¬ģ Project 14.10211 Submitting Organization Sensor Systems and NDE Technology Department Applied Physics Division Southwest Research Institute 6220 Culebra Road San Antonio, Texas 78238 Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Lab 3610 Collins Ferry Road Morgantown, West Virginia 26507-0880 October 2004 - ii - DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor

105

Introduction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 1 Transportation Communications Ella McNeil Transportation Emergency Preparedness Program Office of Transportation, EM-11 Figure 1. Responders participate in a TEPP exercise. Figure 1. Responders participate in a TEPP exercise. April 2005 2 Definition of Communication * Function: noun the act or process of transmitting information (ideas, attitudes, emotions, or objective behavior) * exchange of information between individuals through a common system of signs, symbols, or behavior * personal rapport April 2005 3 Hazard Communication -- The backbone of emergency response, and response begins with identification: * Hazard markings, labels and placards are a common approach to warning the public of hazards that may be encountered. April 2005 4 Hazard Communication. . .

106

Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Washington, DC. The energy use was Washington, DC. The energy use was calculated for many window design variations including 5 orientations, 3 glazing areas, 5 shading types, and 20 window Key Issues Orientation: Homes with windows facing predominately south use less energy than homes facing north, east, or west. With high-performance windows and shading strategies, these differences can be considerably less. Window Area: Energy use increases with window area using windows with clear glazing. With high-performance windows, energy use may not increase at all when using a larger window area. Shading Condition: On south-facing homes, overhangs can be effective to block the hot summer sun while allowing for passive solar gain in winter months. Shading devices have less impact when using high-performance windows with low-

107

Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Use of Coal Utilization Use of Coal Utilization By-products and Technology Trends Summary The availability of affordable energy will continue to be essential to our Nation's economic strength. At present over half of the electrical energy demand in the United States is met by the combustion of coal and the reliability of low cost coal-fired power has been a significant factor in our Nation's economic growth and development. Demand for electricity is expected to increase steadily throughout the future, and coal will continue to play a significant role in meeting this demand. However, the contribution of coal to the Nation's energy mix, and the overall cost of electricity, will increasingly depend on our ability to find economical ways to reduce or eliminate any potential adverse environmental impacts associated with the disposal and utilization of coal

108

Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mixed-phase clouds, such as those found in the Arctic have presented quite a challenge to the modeling com- munity. Without modification, models have struggled to maintain the delicate balance between liquid and ice that must exist in order to maintain these clouds for ex- tended time periods, as they are observed in the atmo- sphere. In conjunction with the ARM Cloud Modeling

109

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...S. Chumbley Ames Laboratory Carl Czajkowski Brookhaven National Laboratory Daniel R. Danks Danks Tribological Services Daniel P. Dennies The Boeing Company Bill Dobson Binary Egnineering Associates,

110

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...furnaces derive their energy from combustion of fossil fuels or from electric power. The choice of which

111

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...J.D. Poindexter, Corrosion Inhibitors for Crude Oil Refineries, Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection, Vol 13A, ASM Handbook, ASM International, 2003, p 887‚??890...

112

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Melt loss and themal efficiency of electric and gas reverberatory furnaces...than the listed

113

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...M. Baker New Age Industries, Inc. Charles E. Bates Southern Research Institute Bruce A. Becherer Teledyne Vasco Corporation Tom Bell University of Birmingham Eugene L. Bird Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc. Bruce L. Bramfitt Bethlehem Steel Corporation Robert L. Brennan E.F. Houghton & Company...

114

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...parameter In natural logarithm (base e ) LNG liquefied natural gas log common logarithm (base 10) LPG liquefied petroleum gas LSI large-scale integrated (circuit) LT long transverse (direction) LTE local thermodynamic equilibrium LTS low-temperature sensitization LVDT linear variable...

115

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...parameter ln natural logarithm (base e ) LNG liquefied natural gas log common logarithm (base 10) LPCVD low pressure chemical vapor deposition LT long transverse (direction) m meter M f temperature at which martensite formation

116

INTRODUCTION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

animal species is one of the most complicated and interesting biological phenomena, and fish migration is no exception. Fish migration may vary significantly, depending on the...

117

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Commonly used cobalt alloys and their biomedical applications...rod, wire Wrought CoCrMo alloy 3, wrought CoCrMo gas atomized and

118

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1¬†¬†¬†Thermophysical property data required for metal casting...‚?ĘHeat capacity Conductivity Latent heat of fusion Liquidus and solidus Effective design for: Riser ‚?ĘChill ‚?ĘInsulation Solidification direction Solidification shrinkage Porosity Hot

119

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1¬†¬†¬†Thermophysical property data required for metal casting...‚?ĘHeat capacity Conductivity Latent heat of fusion Liquidus and solidus Effective design for: Riser Chill Insulation Solidification direction Solidification shrinkage Porosity Hot spots Mold core chill Mass transfer (fluid flow) Temperature dependent Viscosity Surface tension Density Effective...

120

Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

membranes 4. Pressure swing absorption of CO 2 for post low- temperature shift reactor gas using membrane contactors containing ionic liquids, dendrimers etc. 5. Other...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "introduction year fractional" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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121

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Major applications of metal powders...brass Cutting tools Tungsten, cobalt Filters (liquids, gases) Bronze, nickel, stainless steel, superalloys, titanium Flame cutting and scarfing Iron, aluminum Fluids for magnetic clutches Stainless steel (magnetic) Friction material Copper, tin, zinc, iron, lead, graphite Gas engine exhaust...

122

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Major markets for metal castings...castings Motor vehicles Farm equipment Engines Refrigeration and heating Construction machinery Valves Soil pipe Pumps and compressors Pressure pipe Other major markets include machine tools, mechanical power transmission

123

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...that may result in deterioration are: Energy (solar radiation, heat and temperature variation, nuclear

124

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1¬†¬†¬†Nitric acid nomenclature...42¬į baum√© 67% (American Chemical Society, ACS, grade) Chemically pure (CP) or reagent grade 43¬į baum√© 70.3% Strong or concentrated acid 95‚??99% White fuming nitric acid (WFNA) 95‚??99%<0.5% NO x Red fuming nitric acid (RFNA) 95‚??99%+NO x 6‚??30% Inhibited RFNA 98% plus 15% H 2 SO 4 Source: Ref 1...

125

Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optical Engineering Press, Bellingham, WA. 2001 R.A. Thomas, The thermography monitoring handbook. Coxmoor Publishing, Oxford, UK. 1999. G.C. Holst, Common sense approach to...

126

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...otherwise inaccessible areas Image sensors for remote sensing or for the development of permanent

127

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...structures High-power search radar aerials Overhead walkways Railroad overhead line support columns Electrification masts Tower cranes Traffic island posts Street and bridge railings On a smaller scale, aluminum-zinc TSCs have been successfully used

128

Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

78589929394 5 I 4 41 6S 79 87 92 g; 97 99 99 93 6 I 4 41 ttl 00 00 93 97 99 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 99 99 99 7 I 4 lJ.1 (Xl 00 Ell g;...

129

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The submitter believes that test weight tolerances are too tight for field operation ... new technology, if you plot the dielectric constant of wet sand as a ...

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

130

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Thermal conductivity of selected metals and alloys...of selected metals and alloys Metal or alloy Thermal conductivity near room

131

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Density of metals and alloys...Table 1 Density of metals and alloys Metal or alloy UNS number Density g/cm 3 lb/in. 3 Aluminum and aluminum

132

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Density of metals and alloys...Table 1 Density of metals and alloys Metal or alloy Density g/cm 3 lb/in. 3 Aluminum and aluminum

133

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Zn (Zinc) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, Alloy Phase Diagrams, Vol 3, ASM Handbook, ASM International,

134

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...U (Uranium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, Alloy Phase Diagrams, Vol 3, ASM Handbook, ASM International,

135

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

..., ASM International, 2006, p 499‚??500ASM Handbook, Vol 13C, Corrosion: Environments and IndustriesCorrosion and Erosion of Ash-Handling

136

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...is limited by the refractory walls. However, the energy efficiency of the crucible furnace can be low (7 to 19%), with over 60% of the heat loss attributed to radiation (Ref 1). Without proper care, the life of the crucible furnace may be short. Temperature control may also be difficult....

137

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Functional requirements in design...analysis Failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) Safety analysis Design process/configuration Probabilistic or deterministic statistical approach Stress or load considerations Restrictions on size, weight, or volume Service hazards, such as cyclic loading or aggressive environment Failure anticipation...

138

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Base, supplementary, and derived SI units...steradian sr Magnetic flux density tesla T Molar energy joule per mole J/mol Molar entropy joule per mole kelvin J/mol · K Derived units Molar heat capacity joule per mole kelvin J/mol · K Absorbed does gray Gy Moment of force newton meter N · m Acceleration meter per second squared m/s 2 Permeability...

139

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Electronic structure methods (density functional theory, quantum chemistry)...electronic

140

Introduction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MACCS2 (radiological dispersionconsequence analysis), and MELCOR (leak path factor analysis), were designated by DOE for the toolbox (DOEEH, 2003). It is found that this...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "introduction year fractional" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1¬†¬†¬†Fundamental physical constants...Ō? 5.670400 (40) √? 10 -8 W m -2 K -4 Standard gravity (gravitational acceleration) g 9.80665 (exact) m ¬∑ s -2 Energy equivalent, thermochemical calorie cal 4.184 (exact) J Absolute temperature T 0 ¬įC 273.150 ¬Ī 0.010 K (a) The number in parenthesis is the estimated one-standard-deviation uncertainty in...

142

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...used for domestic or industrial applications Nuclear and fossil fuel power plant components (both rotating

143

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...rate DBTT ductile-brittle transition temperature dc direct current diam diameter DIC differential interference contrast dm decimeter DPH diamond pyramid hardness (Vickers hardness) DT dynamic tear (test) DWTT drop-weight tear test e natural log base, 2.71828; electron E energy; modulus of...

144

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402-9325 Metric Editorial Guide, 4th ed. (revised), 1985,

145

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402-9325 Metric Editorial Guide, 5th ed. (revised), 1993,

146

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods, 2nd ed., Parts I to VII, U.S. Department of Health, Education and

147

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Corrosion form and mechanism Atmospheric corrosion, underdeposit attack Material Coated carbon steel Product form Oil storage tank...

148

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...temperature LDPE low-density polyethylene LEED low-energy electron diffraction ln natural logarithm (base e ) log common logarithm (base 10) LPCVD low-pressure chemical vapor deposition LSI large-scale integrated (circuit) LT long transverse (direction) m meter m constant shear, or frictional...

149

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...oils Nonengine lubricants are subcategorized as: Transmission fluids (automatic, manual, and power) Power steering fluids Shock absorber fluids Gear oils (automotive and industrial) Hydraulic fluids (tractor and industrial) Metalworking fluids Miscellaneous industrial oils Greases...

150

Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Nepal, the disciplines are not; for close to three decadGs Nepal was a happy hunting ground for scores of foreign anthropologists and the occasional sociologist. Their numbers and activities have continued to increase at an exponential rate. Every now...

Fisher, James F

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Mines Bruce Sutherland Westaim Corporation Rajiv Tandon Phillips Origen Powder Metallurgy Pierre Taubenblat Promet Associates Mark Thomason Sinterite Furnace Division Gasbarre Products Inc. Juan Trasorras Federal Mogul Yves Trudel Quebec Metal Powders Limited John Tundermann Inco Alloys International...

152

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1¬†¬†¬†Direct rapid tooling techniques...systems DTM Helisys Stratatys Z Corp. Machine price ([dollar]) 100,000 300,000 120,000 75,000 60,000 Max. part size (in.) 20√?20√?24 15√?17√?18 32√?22√?20 24√?24√?24 8√?10√?8 Software Maestro/JR Proprietary LOMSlice Quickslice Model File formats STL STL STL STL STL, SLC Layer thickness (mm) 0.15 0.0762‚??0.508...

153

Introduction  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

represented. Natural gas resources are divided into known producing plays, known developing plays, and undiscovered plays in high-permeability carbonate and sandstone,...

154

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...A general survey of a fatigue prediction scenario is given in Fig. 1. It illustrates that design includes

155

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Application Percentage Industrial equipment Chemical and power engineering 34 Food and beverage industry 18 Transportation 9 Architecture 5 Consumer goods Domestic appliances, household utensils 28 Small electrical and electronic appliances 6...

156

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...of applications for automobiles, machinery, appliances, aircraft, consumer items, electrical instruments, and other manufactured products. The parts produced by powder metallurgy (P/M) methods can also be unique and innovative. As a small sample of various applications, this appendix illustrates some...

157

Introduction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

environmental cleanup at a site which continues to have a Department of Energy (DOE) mission, EM transfers responsibility for any long-term stewardship (LTS) activities to...

158

INTRODUCTION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The 12 test rocks consisted of a sample from a fully crushed granite material taken from a commercial quarry that was prepared in sizes ranging ...

2007-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

159

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... ASF (MS container for wma, and wmv), 14. DVR-MS (MS container based upon ASF), 15. RMVB RealNetworks, 16. RM (Realmedia), 17. ...

2012-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

160

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...cm centimeter cal calorie d day eV electron volt F farad ft foot g gram G gauss Gy gray GHz gigahertz h hour Hz hertz in. inch J joule K Kelvin kbar kilobar keV kiloelectron volt kg kilogram kHz kilohertz kPa kilopascal ksi kips (1000 lb) per square inch kV kilovolt kW kilowatt L liter lb pound m...

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161

Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the projects awarded in each of the five categories is found in Section II of this report. Hydrogen-from-Coal Projects Awarded by the Office of Fossil Energy In FY 2005 the...

162

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Examples include automotive radiators, solar heating panels, communications cable, and electrical connectors.

163

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Engineering problems addressed by the finite element method...Flow velocity Boundary flow Corrosion Anode consumption rate Electropotential Crack propagation Strain energy release rate Stress Acoustic noise Sound pressure level Velocity...

164

INTRODUCTION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 5. Life history parameters used to estimate PRGs for wildlife . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

165

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Engineering methods for surface hardening of steels...Boriding Titanium-carbon diffusion Toyota diffusion process Selective hardening methods: Flame hardening Induction hardening Laser hardening Electron beam hardening Ion implantation Selective carburizing and nitriding Use of arc lamps...

166

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Application of anodic oxide films on aluminum...Corrosion resistance Aircraft, vehicle, boat, train, architecture,

167

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 5¬†¬†¬†Friction coefficient data for miscellaneous materials...‚?¶ 30 Hickory wood, waxed Snow UnSp ‚?¶ 0.14 35 Ice Bronze UnSp ‚?¶ 0.02 35 Ebonite UnSp ‚?¶ 0.02 35 Ice UnSp 0.05‚??0.15 ‚?¶ 35 Ice UnSp ‚?¶ 0.02 35 Ice FOF >0.01 >0.01 32 Leather Metal (clean) UnSp 0.6 ‚?¶ 30 Metal Glass (clean) UnSp 0.5‚??0.7 ‚?¶ 30 Mica (cleaved) Mica (cleaved) UnSp 1.0 ‚?¶ 30 Mica (contaminated)...

168

Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

removable ore bodies for in-situ leaching, creation of underground zones of fractured oil shale for in-situ retorting, and formation of underground natural gas and petroleum...

169

INTRODUCTION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hot Exhaust Cooled Exhaust Water Recovery Oxygen Reformate Stream Steam Reformer SOFC Condenser CATHODE ANODE CO2 Scrubber Heat to Reformer Cathode Cooler Scrubber Cooler Oxygen...

170

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... from a manufacturer of automobile wiper blades that had a ... be the length of the blade itself; the ... system and time for manufacturing and distribution. ...

2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

171

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

..."Nonferrous Metals‚??A Variety of Possibilities Dictionary of Metals (2012) including a Metals History Timeline...

172

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Hanak's ďmultiple-sample concept.Ē ' Today the sample ... Table 1. Multi- dimensional Parameter Space for ... see Figure 1) consisting of PS blended ...

2003-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

173

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Th (Thorium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, Alloy Phase Diagrams, Vol 3, ASM Handbook, ASM International,

174

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...T.C. Fowler, Value Analysis in Materials Selection and Design, Materials Selection and Design, Vol 20, ASM Handbook,

175

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Group Joseph Foster Texas A&M University Kenneth Fowler Panametrics, Inc. E.M. Franklin Argonne National

176

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...e ) ln linear-elastic fracture mechanics LEFM light-emitting diode LED length-to-diameter ratio L / D life cycle analysis (or assessment) LCA pound-force lbf pound lb length L liter; longitudinal direction; liquid L mean free path; length l kilowatt kW kilovolt kV kips (1000 lb) per square inch ksi kilopascal kPa...

177

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...e ) ln linear-elastic fracture mechanics LEFM light-emitting diode LED length-to-diameter ratio L/D life cycle analysis (or assessment) LCA pound-force lbf pound lb length L liter; longitudinal direction; liquid L mean free path; length l kilowatt kW kilovolt kV kips (1000 lb) per square inch ksi kilopascal kPa...

178

INTRODUCTION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... members and relevant TCs, in particular TC 2, TC 9, TC 9/SC 3 and ... requested that the 14 th Conference consider this opinion in the budget for the ...

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

179

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...emitted into the environment from combustion of fossil fuels in the United States are shown in Table 1. These include many of the metals most abundant in particulates in ambient air. The only metals or metal-like elements that may be emitted in gaseous discharges in measurable concentrations are...

180

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Designations and general electrical applications for elastomers...used for potting of electrical connectors EPR R Ethylene-propylene Good general-purpose electrical properties EPT R Ethyl-propylene terpolymer Good general-purpose electrical properties Hypalon (HYP) CSM Chlorosulfonated polyethylene Not outstanding electrically Silicone SIL Polysiloxane Among the best...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "introduction year fractional" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...(see the articles ‚??Corrosion in Petroleum Production Operations,‚?Ě and ‚??External Corrosion of

182

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...R.L. Martin, Corrosion Inhibitors for Oil and Gas Production, Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection, Vol 13A, ASM Handbook, ASM International, 2003, p 878‚??886...

183

INTRODUCTION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

12427382 Organics 950107 Organics 24307264 Organics 150505 Organics 78488 Organics DEF 57837191 Organics 126987 Organics Methacrylonitrile 10265926 Organics TAMARON...

184

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Dauskardt University of California D.R. Diercks Argonne National Laboratory S.L. Draper NASA Lewis Research

185

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...W. Bray Reynolds Metals Company M.B. Brodsky Argonne National Laboratory Terrence K. Brog Coors Ceramics

186

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Commercial applications of refractory metals and alloys by industry...Rhenium, W-Re Process industries Heating and cooling coils Tantalum, Ta-Nb Shell and tube heat exchangers Tantalum Condensers Tantalum Tantalum-clad steel vessels Tantalum Distillation towers Tantalum Valves for hot sulfuric acid service Molybdenum, tantalum, Ta-Nb Expansion joints (bellows) Tantalum...

187

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...R.D. Blaugher, High-Temperature Superconductors for Wires and TapesSuperconducting Materials, Vol 2, ASM Handbook,

188

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...SPC. The whole area of design of experiments (DOE) is becoming important as the interactions within the forming process are detailed and studied. Many of the more difficult forming problems result from the interaction of two or more interactive variables. Identification of these interactive...

189

Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gene-Specific Fragments for Microarrays. In "Currents in Computational Molecular Biology", edited by S. Miyano, R. Shamir and T. Takagi. Universal Academy Press, Inc. Tokyo,...

190

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...thermal design Potential elimination of heat pipes Low cost, net-shape fabrication processes Potential cost reductions...

191

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1¬†¬†¬†Applications for tantalum equipment...Both reflux and product condensers Chloral HCl absorption Chemical HCl absorbers Recovery of by-product HCl Chlorine Brine cooling Chemical Heat exchangers ‚?¶ Chloroacetic acid HCl absorption Chemical HCl absorbers Recovery of by-product HCl Chlorobenzene, also monochloro-benzene and paradichloro-benzene...

192

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Welcome to the Conference on Visualization and Data Analysis (VDA) 2011. The scope of VDA covers all topics and areas of data visualization and visual analytics. Since the first VDA conference in 1994, the annual event has grown steadily into a major venue for visualization researchers and practitioners from around the world to present their work and share their experiences.

Park, Jinah; Hao, Ming; Wong, Pak C.; Chen, Chaomei

2011-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

193

Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for a given energy function with any combination of the following terms: (1) mutation energy (including position-specific score matrix derived from multiple-sequence...

194

Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

39 37 Nigeria 50 86 87 87 85 South Africa 50 35 39 40 40 Other Africa 542 47 45 45 42 Greece 276 51 51 50 49 United Kingdom 140 61 63 61 60 Germany 262 47 49 50 53 Italy 106 34 39...

195

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1¬†¬†¬†Historical overview of high-frequency welding of pipe and tubing...of approximately 100 kHz. 1990‚??Solid-state inverter power

196

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Medical device applications for stainless steels...Cardiac pacemaker housing Hermetic packaging of electronics and power source: welded

197

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Materials information needs by industrial groupings...X X X X X X X X Transportation X X X X X X X X X Power generation X X X X X X X X Aerospace X X X X X X X X X X X X Defense X X X X X X X X X X X X Chemical X X X X X X X Oil and gas X X X X X Electronics and communication X X X X X X Materials producers X X X X X X X X X X X X Consumer products X X X...

198

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Elements of a comprehensive metallography laboratory safety plan...storage Material Safety Data Sheet management Labeling/storage 3. Laboratory standard operating procedures Handling chemicals Mixing chemicals Rules Hygiene 4. Employee health and exposure Personal protective equipment Monitoring of exposure levels Medical evaluations Additional protections...

199

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... cement chemistry notation is: C = CaO, S = SiO 2 , and H = H 2 O), with the hyphens denoting a varying C/S ratio non-stoichiometric compound. ...

2004-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

200

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Classification of techniques for measuring residual stress...stress A-1 Stress relaxation techniques using electric and mechanical strain

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "introduction year fractional" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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201

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... New York, NY 10004. ... Lighter and propane torch fuel, flints, pipe cleaners, etc. ... 1. Recognize that inspectors are enforcing a federal, state or local law ...

2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

202

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   U.S. markets for ceramic-matrix composites...10.0 20.0 14.0 Total 135.0 200.0 400.0 14.5 All dollar values are in 1993 U.S. dollars. AAGR, annual average growth

203

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...reported annual direct corrosion costs of [dollar]8.3 billion (Ref 2). Those costs included [dollar]3.8 billion

204

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1981, p. 71. ... This evaluation does not certify that any of the ... of the SmartGate TrialĒ, Proceedings of the ...

2010-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

205

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Donald W. Benjamin AlliedSignal Aerospace L. Keith Bennett Alon Processing Inc. Alan Blair AT&T Bell Laboratories Andrew Bloyce University of Birmingham James Brock Olin Corporation Robert R. Brookshire Brushtronics Engineering Eric W. Brooman Concurrent Technologies Corporation Franz R....

206

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook - Introduction  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Introduction Introduction Assumption to the Annual Energy Outlook Introduction This report presents the major assumptions of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) used to generate the projections in the Annual Energy Outlook 20041 (AEO2004), including general features of the model structure, assumptions concerning energy markets, and the key input data and parameters that are most significant in formulating the model results. Detailed documentation of the modeling system is available in a series of documentation reports.2 A synopsis of NEMS, the model components, and the interrelationships of the modules is presented in The National Energy Modeling System: An Overview3, which is updated once every two years. The National Energy Modeling System The projections in the AEO2004 were produced with the National Energy Modeling System. NEMS is developed and maintained by the Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide projections of domestic energy-economy markets in the midterm time period and perform policy analyses requested by decisionmakers in the U.S. Congress, the Administration, including DOE Program Offices, and other government agencies.

207

Practical introduction of thorium fuel cycles  

SciTech Connect

The pracitcal introduction of throrium fuel cycles implies that thorium fuel cycles compete economically with uranium fuel cycles in economic nuclear power plants. In this study the reactor types under consideration are light water reactors (LWRs), heavy water reactors (HWRs), high-temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGRs), and fast breeder reactors (FBRs). On the basis that once-through fuel cycles will be used almost exclusively for the next 20 or 25 years, introduction of economic thorium fuel cycles appears best accomplished by commercial introduction of HTGRs. As the price of natural uranium increases, along with commercialization of fuel recycle, there will be increasing incentive to utilize thorium fuel cycles in heavy water reactors and light water reactors as well as in HTGRs. After FBRs and fuel recycle are commercialized, use of thorium fuel cycles in the blanket of FBRs appears advantageous when fast breeder reactors and thermal reactors operate in a symbiosis mode (i.e., where /sup 233/U bred in the blanket of a fast breeder reactor is utilized as fissile fuel in thermal converter reactors).

Kasten, P.R.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Void fraction system computer software design description  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document describes the software that controls the void fraction instrument. The format of the document may differ from typical Software Design Reports because it was created with a graphical programming language. Hardware is described in Section 2. The purpose of this document is describe the software, so the hardware description is brief. Software is described in Section 3. LabVIEW was used to develop the viscometer software, so Section 3 begins with an introduction to LabVIEW. This is followed by a description of the main program. Finally each Westinghouse developed subVI (sub program) is discussed.

Gimera, M.

1995-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

209

Managing IT Projects An Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Order data Project >2M 15/05/2012 Benefits: reduce costs Project >2M - Excel-like interfaceManaging IT Projects An Introduction Jean-Louis Binot 15/05/2012 Jean-Louis Binot #12;IT Applications and IT Projects2 Why Project Management ?1 Agenda Challenges of IT Projects3 IT Project Life Cycle

Wolper, Pierre

210

SCIENCE AND IMPLEMENTATION PLAN Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SCIENCE AND IMPLEMENTATION PLAN Introduction The cross-cutting review of science and research undertaken by the Government in 2000 identified e-Science as one of three priority research areas, allocating the new industries of the future. The Science Budget defines e-Science as 'science increasingly done

Brierley, Andrew

211

SCIENCE, OPTICS & YOU GUIDEBOOK INTRODUCTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SCIENCE, OPTICS & YOU GUIDEBOOK - i - INTRODUCTION WHAT IS SCIENCE, 0PTICS & YOU? The Science, Optics and You Guidebook is made up as follows: Science, Optics and You is a standards-based interdisciplinary science curriculum package for elementary students and teachers through which they can explore

Weston, Ken

212

TEX-A-SYST: Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tex-A-Syst is a series of publications to help rural residents assess the risk of ground water pollution and understand practices that can protect ground water. This introduction covers the characteristics of aquifers and explains how to conduct soil and geologic assessments.

Harris, Bill L.; Hoffman, D.; Mazac Jr., F. J.

1997-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

213

Ris Energy Report 3 Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5.6 Ris√ł Energy Report 3 Introduction "Hydrogen infrastructure" refers to the physical links-distance pipelines, transport by road, rail and water, large hydrogen storage facilities and filling stations. Hydrogen as an energy carrier has the potential to replace almost all of the fuels in use today. Large

214

Ris Energy Report 3 Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4 Ris√ł Energy Report 3 Introduction Hydrogen used as an energy carrier may not solve all our energy problems related to security of supply, climate change and environmental degradation, but hydrogen energy the production, storage, distribution, conver- sion and end-use of hydrogen in both transport and stationary

215

Dutch Book Arguments 1. Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dutch Book Arguments Alan H√°jek 1. Introduction Beliefs come in varying degrees. I am more, or credences, with numerical values. Dutch Book arguments purport to show that there are rational principles that putatively govern rational subjective probabilities. Dutch Book arguments assume

Fitelson, Branden

216

(continued on page 4) Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Survey (USGS). Two separate film formats were acquired, including black-and-white aerial photography Survey The tradition of systematic collection of federal aerial photography has been maintained(continued on page 4) Introduction First-time statewide coverage of vertical aerial photography

Frank, Thomas D.

217

Appendix A: Fuel Price Forecast Introduction..................................................................................................................................... 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix A: Fuel Price Forecast Introduction................................................................................................................................. 3 Price Forecasts............................................................................................................................... 12 Oil Price Forecast Range

218

Introduction to 'Make' NERSC Tutorial  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

'Make' 'Make' Introduction to 'Make' Introduction The UNIX make utility facilitates the creation and maintenance of executable programs from source code. make keeps track of the commands needed to build the code and when changes are made to a source file, recompiles only the necessary files. make creates and updates programs with a minimum of effort. A small initial investment of time is needed to set up make for a given software project, but afterward, recompiling and linking is done consistently and quickly by typing one command: make, instead of issuing many complicated command lines that invoke the compiler and linker. This tutorial will introduce the simple usage of the make utility with the goal of building an executable program from a series of source code files.

219

Clean fractionation of biomass  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) Alternative Feedstocks (AF) program is forging new links between the agricultural community and the chemicals industry through support of research and development (R & D) that uses `green` feedstocks to produce chemicals. The program promotes cost-effective industrial use of renewable biomass as feedstocks to manufacture high-volume chemical building blocks. Industrial commercialization of such processes would stimulate the agricultural sector by increasing the demand of agricultural and forestry commodities. New alternatives for American industry may lie in the nation`s forests and fields. The AF program is conducting ongoing research on a clean fractionation process. This project is designed to convert biomass into materials that can be used for chemical processes and products. Clean fractionation separates a single feedstock into individual components cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin.

Not Available

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Introduction to Loop Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The questions I have been asked during the 5th International School on Field Theory and Gravitation, have compelled me to give an account of the premises that I consider important for a beginner's approach to Loop Quantum Gravity. After a description of some general arguments and an introduction to the canonical theory of gravity, I review the background independent approach to quantum gravity, giving only a brief survey of Loop Quantum Gravity.

Mercuri, Simone

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "introduction year fractional" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Introduction to Loop Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The questions I have been asked during the 5th International School on Field Theory and Gravitation, have compelled me to give an account of the premises that I consider important for a beginner's approach to Loop Quantum Gravity. After a description of some general arguments and an introduction to the canonical theory of gravity, I review the background independent approach to quantum gravity, giving only a brief survey of Loop Quantum Gravity.

Simone Mercuri

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

222

Introduction to production cost models 1.0 Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(t) is total maintenance costs in year t. · O(t) is the cost associated with outages. and the overbar in (1 · I(t) is total investment costs at year t · S(t) is total salvage value of retired plants at year t (and for all plants still in operation at year T). · F(t) is total fuel costs in year t. · M

McCalley, James D.

223

Using Fractional Numbers of . . .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the design parameters in closed queueing networks is Np, the number of customers of class p. It has been assumed that Np must be an integer. However, integer choices will usually not achieve the target throughput for each class simultaneously. We use Mean Value Analysis with the Schweitzer-Bard approximation and nonlinear programming to determine the value of Np needed to achieve the production targets exactly, although the values of Np may be fractional. We interpret these values to represent the average number of customers of each class in the network. We implement a control rule to achieve these averages and verify our approach through simulation.

Rajan Suri; Rahul Shinde; Mary Vernon

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Fractional channel multichannel analyzer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multichannel analyzer incorporating the features of the present invention obtains the effect of fractional channels thus greatly reducing the number of actual channels necessary to record complex line spectra. This is accomplished by using an analog-to-digital converter in the asynchronous mode, i.e., the gate pulse from the pulse height-to-pulse width converter is not synchronized with the signal from a clock oscillator. This saves power and reduces the number of components required on the board to achieve the effect of radically expanding the number of channels without changing the circuit board. 9 figs.

Brackenbush, L.W.; Anderson, G.A.

1994-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

225

Introduction to High Performance Computing Using GPUs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HPC Using GPUs Introduction to High Performance Computing Using GPUs July 11, 2013 NERSC, NVIDIA, and The Portland Group will present a one-day workshop "Introduction to High...

226

An Introduction to Synchronous Grammars David Chiang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Introduction to Synchronous Grammars David Chiang 21 June 2006 1 Introduction Synchronous International Workshop on Parsing Technologies (IWPT), pages 66­77, 2001. [3] David Chiang. A hierarchical

Chiang, David

227

SMART GRID: an introduction. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SMART GRID: an introduction. SMART GRID: an introduction. Our nation's electric power infrastructure that has served us so well for so long - also known as "the grid" - is rapidly...

228

Trends in Commercial Buildings--Introduction  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Commercial > Commercial Buildings Home > Special Home > Commercial > Commercial Buildings Home > Special Reports > Trends in Commercial Buildings Trends: Buildings and Floorspace Energy Consumption and Energy Sources Overview: The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) Trends in the Commercial Buildings Sector Since 1978, the Energy Information Administration has collected basic statistical information from three of the major end-use sectors¬ó residential, and industrial¬ó periodic energy consumption surveys. Each survey is a snapshot of how energy is used in the year of the survey; the series of surveys in each sector reveals the trends in energy use for the sector. Introduction The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) collects data from a sample of buildings representative of the commercial buildings

229

Introduction Sitewide Categorical Exclusion for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 SWCX for Disconnection of Utilities- 7 SWCX for Disconnection of Utilities- Revision 0 Introduction Sitewide Categorical Exclusion for Disconnection of Utilities As defined in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Richland Operations Office Integrated Management System Procedure, NEPA Analysis at Harford, a sitewide categorical exclusion is: An application of DOE categorical exclusions described in 10 CFR 1021, Appendices A and B, which may apply to Hanford Site proposed actions (activities) that are "sitewide" in nature and extent, which the cognizant DOE Hanford NCO has determined fit within the scope (i.e., same nature and intent, and of the same or lesser scope) of DOE categorical exclusions described in 10 CFR 1021 P.1..ppendices A and B. The cognizant DOE Hanford NCO may issue specific sitev1ide

230

Introduction Sitewide Categorical Exclusion for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 SWCX for Removal of Asbestos from Buildings- 6 SWCX for Removal of Asbestos from Buildings- Revision 0 Introduction Sitewide Categorical Exclusion for Removal of Asbestos from Buildings As defined in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Richland Operations Office Integrated Management System Procedure, NEPA Analysis at Hanford, a sitewide categorical exclusion is: An application of DOE categorical exclusions described in 10 CFR 1021, Appendices A and B, which may apply to Hanford Site proposed actions (activities) that are "sitewide" in nature and extent, which the cognizant DOE Hanford NCO has determined fit within the scope (i.e., same nature and intent, and of the same or lesser scope) of DOE categorical exclusions described in 10 CFR 1021 Appendices A and B. The cognizant DOE Hanford NCO may issue specific sitewide

231

SC Introduction to Risk Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OF OF SCIENCE Office of Science Risk Management November 4, 2009 Ray Won Office of Project Assessment Office of Science, U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science, U.S. Department of Energy http://www.science.doe.gov/opa/ 2 AGENDA AGENDA Wednesday, November 4, 2009, Building 2714, Oak Ridge 2:15 p.m. Introduction to SC Risk Management 2:25 p.m. Spallation Neutron Source 2:40 p.m. ORNL Risk Management Process 2:55 p.m. National Synchrotron Light Source II 3:10 p.m. Questions 3:30 p.m. End OFFICE OF SCIENCE 3 DOE Organization DOE Organization OFFICE OF SCIENCE Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Office of the Under Secretary for Nuclear Security/ Administrator for National Nuclear Security Administration Thomas P. D'Agostino Chief of Staff *The Deputy Secretary also serves as the Chief Operating Officer.

232

Introduction Sitewide Categorical Exclusion for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 SWCX for Demolition and Disposal of Buildings- 3 SWCX for Demolition and Disposal of Buildings- Revision 0 Introduction Sitewide Categorical Exclusion for Demolition and Disposal of Buildings As defined in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Richland Operations Office Integrated J\1anagement System Procedure, NEPA Analysis at Hanford, a sitewide categorical exclusion is: An application of DOE categorical exclusions described in 10 CPR 1021, Appendices A and B, which may apply to Hanford Site proposed actions (activities) that are "sitewide" in nature and extent, which the cognizant DOE Hanford NCO has determined fit within the scope (i.e., same nature and intent, and of the same or lesser scope) of DOE categorical exclusions described in 1 0 CPR 1021 Appendices A and B. The cognizant DOE Hanford NCO may issue specific sitewide

233

NIST: Methane Symmetry Operations - Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to his attention several years ago contemporary extra-spectroscopic interest in the vibration-rotation energy levels of ... Fox, K. and Ozier, I., J. Chem. ...

234

FRACTIONAL PACKING OF T-JOINS 1. Introduction We present a ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Edmonds & Johnson [5] proved that if A is a matrix whose rows are the incidence ... The algorithm of Edmonds & Johnson can be modified to produce this.

235

Fundamentals of Biomass Pretreatment by Fractionation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fundamentals of Biomass Pretreatment by Fractionation Poulomi Sannigrahi 1,2 and Arthur J. Ragauskas 1,2,3 1 BioEnergy Science Center, Oak Ridge, USA 2 Institute of Paper Science and Technology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA 3 School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA 10.1 Introduction With the rise in global energy demand and environmental concerns about the use of fossil fuels, the need for rapid development of alternative fuels from sustainable, non-food sources is now well acknowledged. The effective utilization of low-cost high-volume agricultural and forest biomass for the production of transporta- tion fuels and bio-based materials will play a vital role in addressing this concern [1]. The processing of lignocellulosic biomass, especially from mixed agricultural and forest sources with varying composition,

236

The fractional symmetric rigid rotor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on the Riemann fractional derivative the Casimir operators and multipletts for the fractional extension of the rotation group SO(n) are calculated algebraically. The spectrum of the corresponding fractional symmetric rigid rotor is discussed. It is shown, that the rotational, vibrational and $\\gamma$-unstable limits of the standard geometric collective models are particular limits of this spectrum. A comparison with the ground state band spectra of nuclei shows an agreement with experimental data better than 2%. The derived results indicate, that the fractional symmetric rigid rotor is an appropriate tool for a description of low energy nuclear excitations.

Richard Herrmann

2006-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

237

Federal Energy Management Program Year in Review 2008  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Year in Review 2008 Federal Energy Management Program Federal Energy Management Program Year in Review 2008 Table of Contents Introduction 1 Project Transaction Services 2 Applied...

238

SC Introduction to Risk Management | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

are here Home SC Introduction to Risk Management SC Introduction to Risk Management SC Introduction to Risk Management More Documents & Publications LPP Risk Management Plan...

239

Microsoft Word - Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Microsoft Word - Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc Microsoft Word - Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc Microsoft Word - Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc More...

240

Microsoft Word - Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc Microsoft Word - Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc Microsoft Word - Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc More Documents &...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "introduction year fractional" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Textbook: Introduction to Materials Science for Engineers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 10, 2007 ... CITATION: Shackelford, J. F. Introduction to Materials Science for Engineers. 5th Edition, New York: Prentice Hall, Inc., 2000.

242

COURSE NOTES: Introduction to Nuclear and Radiochemistry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 19, 2007 ... Citation: F. Kinard, "Chem 528/678 Introduction to Nuclear and Radiochemistry," College of Charleston, 2001. Access Course Edited: 7/2/2008†...

243

Energy Efficiency Report: Chapter 1: Introduction  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

1. Introduction. Measuring Energy Efficiency in the United States Economy: A Beginning is a unique publication of the Energy Information Administration (EIA).

244

Introduction to Computational Materials Science and Engineering ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Introduction to Computational Materials Science and Engineering Tools. Short Course. July 11-12, 2013 ē Salt Lake Marriott Downtown at City Creek ē Salt Lake

245

Introduction to Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Intro Chem and MatSci Apps Introduction to Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications June 26, 2012 L ast edited: 2013-05-28 15:53:12...

246

TUTORIALS: Introduction to Conventional Transmission Electron ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 2, 2008 ... The link provided accesses the web site for the text, Introduction to Conventional Transmission Electron Microscopy by Marc DeGraef. The site†...

247

Materials for Nuclear Power Ė A Brief Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 10, 2007 ... A brief introduction to the effects of irradiation on materials for the nuclear power industry. PDF article includes figures and useful links.

248

Introduction Catalog of Undergraduate Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Wellness Housing and Residential Life Information Services Parking Student Activities Student Life States. Active for the past 100 years, this private, voluntary system of self-examination and peer review university-related activities without any such discrimination. Failure to fulfill these obligations may

Zeng, Yong - Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Missouri

249

An introduction to ROC analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) graphs are useful for organizing classifiers and visualizing their performance. ROC graphs are commonly used in medical decision making, and in recent years have been used increasingly in machine learning and ... Keywords: Classifier evaluation, Evaluation metrics, ROC analysis

Tom Fawcett

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

A Holographic Fractional Topological Insulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give a holographic realization of the recently proposed low energy effective action describing a fractional topological insulator. In particular we verify that the surface of this hypothetical material supports a fractional quantum Hall current corresponding to half that of a Laughlin state.

Carlos Hoyos-Badajoz; Kristan Jensen; Andreas Karch

2010-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

251

Clean Fractionation: Technology Available for Licensing  

an eicient biomass pretreatment processóclean fractionation. Description . Clean fractionation is a process for upgrading biomass feedstocks for a

252

Introduction to Biological Inspiration for Intelligent Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper serves as a short introduction for the special PerMIS session on Biological Inspiration (BI) for Intelligent Systems. The paper is organized into 4 parts. Part 1 provides a brief introduction to the idea and history of bio-inspiration for ... Keywords: biological inspiration, developmental robotics, dual cognitive systems, intelligent systems

Gary Berg-Cross

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Sulfur distribution in the oil fractions obtained by thermal cracking of Jordanian El-Lajjun oil Shale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the thermal cracking process of the El-Lujjan oil shale showed that the yield of oil was around 12 wt of the boiling point for different distillate fractions. Sulfur in Jordanian oil shale was found to be mainly the dominant phases in these fractions. q 2005 Published by Elsevier Ltd. 1. Introduction Oil shale

Shawabkeh, Reyad A.

254

Introduction: U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2012 Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Report | 1 Introduction The fiscal year (FY) 2012 U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies...

255

Aspects of superconductivity and fractionalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since their discovery in mid 80's, a complete theory of high temperature superconductors is yet to take its final shape. Theory of fractionalization attempts to explain the phenomenon by assuming that the electron is split ...

Raut, Dinesh V

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Commercial SNF Accident Release Fractions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this analysis is to specify and document the total and respirable fractions for radioactive materials that could be potentially released from an accident at the repository involving commercial spent nuclear fuel (SNF) in a dry environment. The total and respirable release fractions are used to support the preclosure licensing basis for the repository. The total release fraction is defined as the fraction of total commercial SNF assembly inventory, typically expressed as an activity inventory (e.g., curies), of a given radionuclide that is released to the environment from a waste form. Radionuclides are released from the inside of breached fuel rods (or pins) and from the detachment of radioactive material (crud) from the outside surfaces of fuel rods and other components of fuel assemblies. The total release fraction accounts for several mechanisms that tend to retain, retard, or diminish the amount of radionuclides that are available for transport to dose receptors or otherwise can be shown to reduce exposure of receptors to radiological releases. The total release fraction includes a fraction of airborne material that is respirable and could result in inhalation doses; this subset of the total release fraction is referred to as the respirable release fraction. Accidents may involve waste forms characterized as: (1) bare unconfined intact fuel assemblies, (2) confined intact fuel assemblies, or (3) canistered failed commercial SNF. Confined intact commercial SNF assemblies at the repository are contained in shipping casks, canisters, or waste packages. Four categories of failed commercial SNF are identified: (1) mechanically and cladding-penetration damaged commercial SNF, (2) consolidated/reconstituted assemblies, (3) fuel rods, pieces, and debris, and (4) nonfuel components. It is assumed that failed commercial SNF is placed into waste packages with a mesh screen at each end (CRWMS M&O 1999). In contrast to bare unconfined fuel assemblies, the container that confines the fuel assemblies could provide an additional barrier for diminishing the total release fraction should the fuel rod cladding breach during an accident. This analysis, however, does not take credit for the additional barrier and establishes only the total release fractions for bare unconfined intact commercial SNF assemblies, which may be conservatively applied to confined intact commercial I SNF assemblies.

J. Schulz

2004-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

257

Unified Fractional Kinetic Equation and a Fractional Diffusion Equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In earlier papers Saxena et al. (2002, 2003) derived the solutions of a number of fractional kinetic equations in terms of generalized Mittag-Leffler functions which extended the work of Haubold and Mathai (2000). The object of the present paper is to investigate the solution of a unified form of fractional kinetic equation in which the free term contains any integrable function f(t), which provides the unification and extension of the results given earlier recently by Saxena et al. (2002, 2003). The solution has been developed in terms of the Wright function in a closed form by the method of Laplace transform. Further we derive a closed-form solution of a fractional diffusion equation. The asymptotic expansion of the derived solution with respect to the space variable is also discussed. The results obtained are in a form suitable for numerical computation.

R. K. Saxena; A. M. Mathai; H. J. Haubold

2004-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

258

Introduction to Crystallography | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Jump to Lectures: Jump to Lectures: Introduction Crystals Symmetry and Point Groups Plane and Space Groups Diffraction Reciprocal Space Reciprocal Space 2 Structure Factors Fourier Transforms Data Collection Structure Solutions Refinement and Interpretation Rietveld Synchrotrons and Neutrons Introduction to Crystallography This web page contains 15 lectures and handout notes given by Dr. Cora Lind for her Chem 4980/6850/8850: X-ray Crystallography course at the University of Toledo (Ohio). The preparation of these lectures was in part supported by National Science Foundation CAREER award DMR-0545517. Thanks to Prof. Lind and the University of Toledo Department of Chemistry for permission to post these videos and notes. All lecture notes are in PDF format. Lecture 1: Introduction Slides: Introduction [condensed version] This lecture introduces

259

Introduction to Framework | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Introduction to Framework Introduction to Framework (Redirected from Introduction to Methodology) Jump to: navigation, search Stage 1 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other

260

EDITORIAL HPJ SPECIAL ISSUE INTRODUCTION  

SciTech Connect

Radioecology is the study of the fate and transport and potential effects of radionuclides and associated contaminants in the environment. In short, it is the science that describes the fundamental connection between environmental health and human health risks. As such, radioecology can and has provided the credible, consistent and defensible basis for the successful and cost-effective environmental cleanup and closure of nuclear production and waste sites. In addition, radioecology also provides the technical basis for making timely and reliable decisions on cleanup in the aftermath of nuclear incidents such as Chernobyl and Fukushima. The 1986 Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) accident resulted in catastrophic health, social, and economic consequences in many countries, predominantly, Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia. The extent of radioactive contamination, levels and forms of contamination, and diversity of the ecosystems affected by the accident did not have any precedent and provided unique opportunities for environmental scientists around the world. Following the natural course of their development, populations of species and their communities found themselves in conditions of chronic radiation exposure that exceeded the natural background by factors of hundreds and thousands. Anything similar would have been extremely difficult if not impossible to recreate in a scientific laboratory. Consequently, since the first few years after the accident, many teams of scientists have visited the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone (ChEZ). The knowledge gained by studying the consequences of this accident has tremendous importance. The concept of an international research and technical center to address the problems involving nuclear and radiological accidents became a reality with the establishment of the International Chernobyl Center (ICC). In May 1995, the US and Ukraine signed a Protocol of Intent on establishment of the ICC, and the government of Ukraine appealed to the international scientific community to support ICC and join its activities (Chernobyl Center 2006). In December 1995, a memorandum of understanding (MOU) on the ChNPP closure was signed by the government of Ukraine, all of the G7 governments, and the European Commission. The ICC foundation was considered critical to ensure the safe decommissioning of the ChNPP reactor units and improvement of the safety of the Chernobyl Containment Shelter. On the 10th anniversary of the Chernobyl accident (26 April 1996), Mr. Viktor Yushchenko, the President of Ukraine, issued a decree to establish the Chernobyl Center for Nuclear Safety, Radioactive Waste and Radioecology (Chernobyl Center). On the same day, a MOU involving the US participation in Chernobyl Center activities was signed by the US and Ukraine (Chernobyl Center 2006). In July 1998, the US and Ukraine signed an agreement to establish the International Radioecology Laboratory (IRL) as part of the Chernobyl Center. The creation of IRL was a logical continuation of previous programs to conduct scientific research in radioecology and provide Ukraine and the rest of the world with the necessary infrastructure and scientific basis to conduct research in radioecology, radiobiology, dosimetry, and environmental protection in the ChEZ (Chernobyl Center 2006). A recent collaborative effort with IRL has been implemented through a project titled 'Long-term impacts from radiation/contamination within the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone' (Farfan et al. 2008; Gerdes et al. 2009; Marra et al. 2010). This collaboration had the following objectives: (1) Assess the long-term impacts to the environment from radiation exposure within the ChEZ; (2) Provide information on remediation guidelines and ecological risk assessment within radioactively contaminated territories based on the results of long-term field monitoring, analytical measurements, and numerical modeling of soils and groundwater radioactive contamination; and (3) Recommend the development and testing of effective cleanup technologies to reduce environmental and health risks. Based o

Farfan, E.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

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261

Coordinating Interstate ElectricTransmission Siting: An Introduction to the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Coordinating Interstate ElectricTransmission Siting: An Coordinating Interstate ElectricTransmission Siting: An Introduction to the Debate Coordinating Interstate ElectricTransmission Siting: An Introduction to the Debate In recent years, experts have started drawing att ention to the need to improve the system that transmits electricity from power plants to demand centers. Congestion on existing lines, increased energy demand that suggests a need for new electric transmission and the challenge of connecting renewable energy sources to load centers highlight some needs that could be underserved by the existing system in the near future. While improved demand-side management (including energy effi ciency and demand response), bett er utilization of the existing transmission grid, and other strategies (such as distributed

262

Introduction Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in emissions of anthropogenic VOC or a 35% reduction in NOx, for models for several regions in the U.S. (listed(ppb) reduced NOx reduced VOC Figure 2.1. Predicted reductions in ozone in response to a percent reduction), and predicted reductions in response to the same percent reduction in emissions of anthropogenic NOx (green

Groningen, Rijksuniversiteit

263

Introduction Computational Efficiency Electricity Portfolio Planning Electricity Portfolios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Computational Efficiency Electricity Portfolio Planning Electricity Portfolios 2009/11/30­12/01 István Maros Electricity Portfolio #12;Introduction Computational Efficiency Electricity Portfolio Outline 1 Introduction 2 Computational Efficiency 3 Electricity Portfolio Approximate

264

The Smart Grid: An Introduction | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Smart Grid: An Introduction The Smart Grid: An Introduction The Smart Grid: An Introduction. How a smarter grid works as an enabling engine for our economy, our environment and...

265

Introduction to Framework | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Introduction to Framework Introduction to Framework Jump to: navigation, search Stage 1 LEDS Home Introduction to Framework Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities Develop_BAU Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions Begin execution of implementation plans 1.0. Organizing the LEDS Process 1.1. Institutional Structure for LEDS 1.2. Workplan to Develop the LEDS 1.3. Roles and responsibilities to develop LEDS 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other economic and resource data as needed for LEDS development

266

Cool Roofs: An Introduction | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Roofs: An Introduction Roofs: An Introduction Cool Roofs: An Introduction August 9, 2010 - 4:43pm Addthis Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Lately, I've been hearing a lot about cool roof technologies, so I welcomed the chance to learn more at a recent seminar. Cool roofs, also referred to as white roofs, have special coatings that reflect sunlight and emit heat more efficiently than traditional roofs, keeping them cooler in the sun. Cool roofing technologies can be implemented quickly and at a relatively low cost, making it the fastest growing sector of the building industry. U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu is among the many cool roof enthusiasts. The Secretary recently announced plans to install cool roofs

267

Systems Analysis Workshop Welcome & Introductions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE Hydrogen Program DOE Hydrogen Program Systems Analysis Workshop Systems Analysis Workshop Welcome & Introductions Welcome & Introductions Washington D.C. 28-29 Jul 04 Dale Gardner Systems Integration 2 Systems Analysis Workshop Administrative Items Elevators Glass Doors - NREL sign Large Conf Room Elevators Glass Doors - NREL sign Large Conf Room M W Kitchenette Copier/Fax Wanda 202-646-5278/5050 202-646-7790 fax Visitor Offices Restrooms 3 Systems Analysis Workshop Agenda Wednesday, 28 July Welcome & Introduction Dale Gardner 8:00 - 8:10 Role of Analysis in the Hydrogen Program Steve Chalk 8:10 - 8:30 NRC Analysis Recommendations Bob Hirsch 8:30 - 9:00 Systems Analysis Workshop (SAW) Purpose Dale Gardner 9:00 - 9:45 Break 9:45 - 10:00 Capability Briefings Participants 10:00 - 12:00

268

Introduction to Hydrogen for Code Officials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Welcome to the U.S. Department of Energy's Welcome to the U.S. Department of Energy's Introduction to Hydrogen for Code Officials U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen Program www.hydrogen.energy.gov 2 Welcome to the U.S. Department of Energy's Introduction to Hydrogen for Code Officials The information presented here is intended to help code officials understand the basics about hydrogen and fuel cell technologies, how these technologies are applied, and their applicable codes and standards. 3 Welcome to the U.S. Department of Energy's Introduction to Hydrogen for Code Officials This course was developed to help code officials- * Understand the basic properties of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies * Be familiar with fuel cell applications * Know where to find codes and standards applicable to hydrogen technologies

269

Cool Roofs: An Introduction | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cool Roofs: An Introduction Cool Roofs: An Introduction Cool Roofs: An Introduction August 9, 2010 - 4:43pm Addthis Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Lately, I've been hearing a lot about cool roof technologies, so I welcomed the chance to learn more at a recent seminar. Cool roofs, also referred to as white roofs, have special coatings that reflect sunlight and emit heat more efficiently than traditional roofs, keeping them cooler in the sun. Cool roofing technologies can be implemented quickly and at a relatively low cost, making it the fastest growing sector of the building industry. U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu is among the many cool roof enthusiasts. The Secretary recently announced plans to install cool roofs

270

An informal introduction to parallel processors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the summer of 1992, I had the opportunity to participate in a Faculty Research Program at Argonne National Laboratory. During that time I came in contact with some developments in computer science that were unfamiliar to me as a mathematician. Since most mathematicians have some exposure to computers, but certainly are not computer scientists, I felt it was appropriate to write a paper summarizing my introduction to parallel processing. This paper is not meant to be a full explanation of the topic, but an informal introduction for the ``mathematical layman.``

Hopkins, K.W. [Southwest Baptist Univ., Bolivar, MO (United States)

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

An informal introduction to program transformation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the summer of 1992, I had the opportunity to participate in a Faculty Research Program, at Argonne National Laboratory. During that time I came in contact with some developments in computer science that were unfamiliar to me as a mathematician. Since most mathematicians have some exposure to computers, but certainly are not computer scientists, I felt it was appropriate to write a paper summarizing my introduction to program transformation. This paper is not meant to be a full explanation of the topic, but an informal introduction for the ``mathematical layman.``

Hopkins, K.W. [Southwest Baptist Univ., Bolivar, MO (United States)

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Federal Energy Management Program Year in Review 2009  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FEMP YEaR in REviEw 2009 Year in Review 2009 Federal Energy Management Program YEar in rEviEw 2009 Table of Contents Introduction 2 Project Transaction Services 3 Applied...

273

Federal Energy Management Program Year in Review 2007  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Year in Review 2007 YEAR IN REVIEW 2007 FEdERAl ENERgY MANAgEMENt PRogRAM 2007 Federal Energy Management Program Year in Review 2007 Table of Contents Introduction 1 Technical...

274

Federal Energy Management Program Year in Review 2006  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Year in Review 2006 Federal energy ManageMent PrograM year In reVIeW 2006 2006 Federal Energy Management Program Year in Review 2006 Table of Contents Introduction 1 Technical...

275

Introduction to Renewable Energy Technologies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Introduction to Renewable Energy Technologies Introduction to Renewable Energy Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Introduction to Renewable Energy Technologies Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Energy Sector: Energy Topics: Technology characterizations Resource Type: Webinar, Training materials Website: www1.eere.energy.gov/femp/technologies/multimedia_presentation.html Introduction to Renewable Energy Technologies Screenshot References: Introduction to Renewable Energy Technologies[1] Logo: Introduction to Renewable Energy Technologies The Introduction to Renewable Energy Technologies webinar provides an overview of renewable energy technologies available to help Federal facilities meet their renewable energy goals. Description "The Introduction to Renewable Energy Technologies webinar provides an

276

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd Edition Chapter 1 Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Biodiesel Handbook, 2nd Edition Chapter 1 Introduction Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Biofuels - Bioproducts eChapters Press † Downloadable pdf of Chapter 1 Introduction from ...

277

Junior Solar Sprint - An Introduction to Building a Model Solar...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Revised 82301 An Introduction to Building a Model Solar Car Student Guide for the Junior Solar Sprint Competition Produced by: Krisztina Holly and Akhil Madhani 2 Introduction...

278

Fractional reaction-diffusion equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a series of papers, Saxena, Mathai, and Haubold (2002, 2004a, 2004b) derived solutions of a number of fractional kinetic equations in terms of generalized Mittag-Leffler functions which provide the extension of the work of Haubold and Mathai (1995, 2000). The subject of the present paper is to investigate the solution of a fractional reaction-diffusion equation. The results derived are of general nature and include the results reported earlier by many authors, notably by Jespersen, Metzler, and Fogedby (1999) for anomalous diffusion and del-Castillo-Negrete, Carreras, and Lynch (2003) for reaction-diffusion systems with L\\'evy flights. The solution has been developed in terms of the H-function in a compact form with the help of Laplace and Fourier transforms. Most of the results obtained are in a form suitable for numerical computation.

R. K. Saxena; A. M. Mathai; H. J. Haubold

2006-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

279

MAGNETIC EXPERIMENTS1,2 INTRODUCTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

APPENDIX 47 APPENDIX MAGNETIC EXPERIMENTS1,2 INTRODUCTION As noted in the Handbook for Shipboard. It has frequently been suggested that the repeated banging of the APC bar- rel as it passes up the pipe, the core is in the magnetic field of the APC barrel and the field of the drill pipe that leaks through

280

Geography 477 Introduction to Remote Sensing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geography 477 Introduction to Remote Sensing www.sdal.uiuc.edu Dr. Tom Frank 321 Davenport Hall tdfrank@uiuc.edu 333-7248 #12;Remotely-sensed images of light reflected or emitted from the earth of the earth's environments #12;Remote sensing is the science or art of deriving information about an object

Frank, Thomas D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "introduction year fractional" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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281

Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 1 Chapter 1 Introduction #12;Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 2 Overview · Remote sensing: definition. · Remote sensing versus photogrammetry. · Elements of remote sensing. · Key;Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 3 Overview · Acquisition platforms: ­ Historical overview. ­ Terrestrial

Habib, Ayman

282

Introduction to Hydrogen Safety for First Responders  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This article is intended to inform firefighters about a new web-based training course called "Introduction to Hydrogen Safety for First Responders." It provides a very brief overview of the course contents, the web address to access the online course, where to get CDs and hard copies of the course, and who to contact for further information.

Fassbender, Linda L.; Akers, Bret M.; Cooper, Christy

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

1093. Science case 3.1 Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1093. Science case 3.1 Introduction When the development of the OWL concept started in 1997, its size was set to the rather overwhelming 100-m diameter in order to be able to reach three main science of earth-like planets around other stars. These science cases were supported by qualitative

Liske, Jochen

284

Introduction to the physics of Higgs bosons  

SciTech Connect

A basic introduction to the physics of the Standard Model Higgs boson is given. We discuss Higgs boson production in e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} and hadronic collisions and survey search techniques at future accelerators. The Higgs bosons of the minimal SUSY model are briefly considered. Indirect limits from triviality arguments, vacuum stability and precision measurements at LEP are also presented.

Dawson, S.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Technical Analysis Toolkit 7.1 Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

management, data manipulation, auto data loading system, technical analysis and trading performance analysis.2 A typical user profile #12;126 7 Technical Analysis Toolkit 7.2.1.1 Create New Users To start usingChapter 7 Technical Analysis Toolkit 7.1 Introduction We present in this chapter some basic

Benmei, Chen

286

Introduction to Composites Get the knowledge to advance in Composites.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, composite level, introduction to Mil-HDBK 17 Prerequisite: Undergraduate degree in a technical field

Alabama in Huntsville, University of

287

120 Years of Accelerators that Heal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The discovery of X rays was made possible by the intelligent use of the best accelerator of the time. Since then, the development of particle accelerators has been at the root of both fundamental discoveries in physics and unforeseeable medical applications. The lecture will describe the major steps in this 120-year history of diagnostics and tumour therapy. † The first attempts to heal tumours with X rays were made only one month after RŲntgenís discovery, but the understanding of the mechanisms by which the radiation kills the cells and the introduction of dose fractionation took much longer. The use of X rays in diagnostics developed much faster and its benefits were very visible during the First World War. Today no tumour could be treated and no patient could be operated without a CT scan, which employs an X ray tube that is not very different from the one introduced by William Coolidge in 1912. † On the particle therapy frontier, more sophisticated and larger pa...

CERN. Geneva

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Environmental Legislation 1.0 Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, inorganic arsenic, and coke oven emissions. This was a fraction of the total, and EPA's inability to list.obtaining additional allowances; 3.installing "scrubbers" (Flue gas desulfurization is a post combustion in the form of acid rain. About 66% produced by coal-fired power plants (natural gas combustion emits no SO2

McCalley, James D.

289

Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003 - Introduction  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Introduction Introduction The Energy Information Administration conducts the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) to collect information on energy-related building characteristics and types and amounts of energy consumed in commercial buildings in the United States. In 2003, CBECS reports that commercial buildings: total nearly 4.9 million buildings comprise more than 71.6 billion square feet of floorspace consumed more than 6,500 trillion Btu of energy, with electricity accounting for 55 percent and natural gas 32 percent (Figure 1) consumed 36 percent of energy for space heating and 21 percent for lighting (Figure 2) The CBECS is a national-level sample survey conducted quadrennially of buildings greater than 1,000 square feet in size that devote more than 50

290

Introduction to Renewable Energy Project Finance Structures  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Introduction to Renewable Introduction to Renewable Energy Project Finance Structures Jason Coughlin Jason.Coughlin@nrel.gov October 3rd, 2012 2 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov Project Finance Structures * Why is this topic relevant? - Increase your understanding of the project finance process with a "behind the scenes" look at common structures used when financing renewable energy projects with a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA). - Introduce terminology. - Project finance structures can influence certain terms in the PPA. - May need to novate contracts, provide consent and/or agree to assignment of documents given that ownership can change over the life of the project. 3 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov Existing Resources

291

Introduction to Renewable Energy Project Finance Structures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Introduction to Renewable Introduction to Renewable Energy Project Finance Structures Jason Coughlin Jason.Coughlin@nrel.gov October 3rd, 2012 2 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov Project Finance Structures * Why is this topic relevant? - Increase your understanding of the project finance process with a "behind the scenes" look at common structures used when financing renewable energy projects with a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA). - Introduce terminology. - Project finance structures can influence certain terms in the PPA. - May need to novate contracts, provide consent and/or agree to assignment of documents given that ownership can change over the life of the project. 3 | FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM femp.energy.gov Existing Resources

292

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Introduction  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Introduction Introduction Lighting is a major consumer of electricity in commercial buildings and a target for energy savings through use of energy-efficient light sources along with other advanced lighting technologies. The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) collects information on types of lighting equipment, the amount of floorspace that is lit, and the percentage of floorspace lit by each type. In addition, CBECS data are used to model end-use consumption, including energy consumed for lighting in commercial buildings. CBECS building characteristics data can answer a wide range of questions about lighting from the most basic, "How many buildings are lit?" to more detailed questions such as, "How many office buildings have compact

293

Sample introduction apparatus for a flow cytometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sample introduction system for a flow cytometer allows easy change of sample containers such as test tubes and facilitates use in high pressure environments. The sample container includes a cap having a pressure supply chamber and a sample container attachment cavity. A sample container may be automatically positioned into the attachment cavity so as to sealably engage the end of the sample container as its outer surface. This positioning may be accomplished through some sample introduction mechanism. To facilitate cleaning HPLC tubing and fittings may be used in a manner which facilitates removable of the entire tubing from both the nozzle container and other sample container cap to permit its replacement to avoid contamination. The sample container support may include horizontal stops which loosely limit the movement of the sample container and thus avoid further stresses upon it.

Van den Engh, Ger (Seattle, WA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Sample introduction system for a flow cytometer  

SciTech Connect

A sample introduction system for a flow cytometer allows easy change of sample containers such as test tubes and facilitates use in high pressure environments. The sample container includes a cap having a pressure supply chamber and a sample container attachment cavity. A sample container may be automatically positioned into the attachment cavity so as to sealably engage the end of the sample container as its outer surface. This positioning may be accomplished through some sample introduction mechanism. To facilitate cleaning, HPLC tubing and fittings may be used in a manner which facilitates removing of the entire tubing from both the nozzle container and other sample container cap to permit its replacement to avoid contamination. The sample container support may include horizontal stops which loosely limit the movement of the sample container and thus avoid further stresses upon it.

Van den Engh, Ger (Seattle, WA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Sample introduction system for a flow cytometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sample introduction system for a flow cytometer allows easy change of sample containers such as test tubes and facilitates use in high pressure environments. The sample container includes a cap having a pressure supply chamber and a sample container attachment cavity. A sample container may be automatically positioned into the attachment cavity so as to sealably engage the end of the sample container as its outer surface. This positioning may be accomplished through some sample introduction mechanism. To facilitate cleaning, HPLC tubing and fittings may be used in a manner which facilitates removing of the entire tubing from both the nozzle container and other sample container cap to permit its replacement to avoid contamination. The sample container support may include horizontal stops which loosely limit the movement of the sample container and thus avoid further stresses upon it. 3 figs.

Engh, G. van den

1997-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

296

Sample introduction apparatus for a flow cytometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sample introduction system for a flow cytometer allows easy change of sample containers such as test tubes and facilitates use in high pressure environments. The sample container includes a cap having a pressure supply chamber and a sample container attachment cavity. A sample container may be automatically positioned into the attachment cavity so as to sealably engage the end of the sample container as its outer surface. This positioning may be accomplished through some sample introduction mechanism. To facilitate cleaning HPLC tubing and fittings may be used in a manner which facilitates removable of the entire tubing from both the nozzle container and other sample container cap to permit its replacement to avoid contamination. The sample container support may include horizontal stops which loosely limit the movement of the sample container and thus avoid further stresses upon it. 3 figs.

Van den Engh, G.

1998-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

297

THE COLOUR GLASS CONDENSATE: AN INTRODUCTION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In these lectures, the authors develop the theory of the Colour Glass Condensate. This is the matter made of gluons in the high density environment characteristic of deep inelastic scattering or hadron-hadron collisions at very high energy. The lectures are self contained and comprehensive. They start with a phenomenological introduction, develop the theory of classical gluon fields appropriate for the Colour Glass, and end with a derivation and discussion of the renormalization group equations which determine this effective theory.

IANCU,E.; LEONIDOV,A.; MCLERRAN,L.

2001-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

298

Fractionally total colouring Gn,p  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the fractional total chromatic number of G"n","p as p varies from 0 to 1. We also present an algorithm that computes the fractional total chromatic number of a random graph in polynomial expected time. Keywords: Fractional total colouring, Graph colouring, Random graphs

Conor Meagher; Bruce Reed

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Fractional oscillator process with two indices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a new fractional oscillator process which can be obtained as solution of a stochastic differential equation with two fractional orders. Basic properties such as fractal dimension and short range dependence of the process are studied by considering the asymptotic properties of its covariance function. The fluctuation--dissipation relation of the process is investigated. The fractional oscillator process can be regarded as one-dimensional fractional Euclidean Klein-Gordon field, which can be obtained by applying the Parisi-Wu stochastic quantization method to a nonlocal Euclidean action. The Casimir energy associated with the fractional field at positive temperature is calculated by using the zeta function regularization technique.

S. C. Lim; L. P. Teo

2008-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

300

Introduction to Hydrogen for Code Officials | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Introduction to Hydrogen for Code Officials Introduction to Hydrogen for Code Officials Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Introduction to Hydrogen for Code Officials Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Energy, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Hydrogen Resource Type: Training materials Cost: Free Language: English Introduction to Hydrogen for Code Officials Screenshot References: Introduction to Hydrogen for Code Officials[1] "The Department of Energy's Introduction to Hydrogen for Code Officials online training course provides an overview of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies, how these technologies are used in real-world applications, and references for related codes and standards. The course consists of four modules:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "introduction year fractional" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Some aspects of color superconductivity: an introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A pedagogical introduction to color superconductivity in the weak coupling limit is given. The focus is on the basic tools of thermal field theory necessary to compute observables of color superconductivity. The rich symmetry structure and symmetry breaking patterns are analyzed on the basis of the Anderson-Higgs mechanism. Some techniques can also be applied for computing neutrino processes in compact stars. As an example, we show how to obtain the neutrino emissivity for Urca processes in neutron stars by computing the polarization tensor of the W-boson. We also illustrate how a spin-1 color superconducting phase generates an anisotropic neutrino emissions in compact stars.

Qun Wang

2009-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

302

Introduction to the Strategic Environmental Assessment System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Strategic Environmental Assessment System (SEAS) is an integrated set of computer programs and associated data bases used to project and analyze national and regional environmental trends. The two major users of SEAS are the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). These agencies use SEAS to project the likely emissions of key pollutants given specific assumptions concerning environmental regulations, future levels of energy supply, and economic activity. This introduction to SEAS discusses how the model has been used in specific applications, the general model structure, the data base, and the available documentation.

Narkus-Kramer, M.; Rebibo, K.; Borko, B.; Dossani, N.; Hutchison, R.; Smith, B.; Weiss, A.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

The Antioxidant Vitamins C & EChapter 9 Vitamin E: An Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Antioxidant Vitamins C & E Chapter 9 Vitamin E: An Introduction Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 9 Vitamin E: An Introduction from ...

304

Introduction to Sustainability, Climate Change and Greenhouse Gas ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 25, 2008 ... Introduction to Sustainability, Climate Change and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reductions Knowledge Package by Halvor Kvande†...

305

Annual Report of the EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Programme 2007/08 2 General Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of coal, and equal to the UK's per capita electricity consumption for 30 years. Figure 2.2: Half a bath and increasing industrialisation, the world is desperate for large amounts of energy generated without greenhouse Introduction 2.1 FUSION ENERGY RESEARCH 2.1.1 FUSION FOR ENERGY PRODUCTION Fusion is the fundamental energy

306

Annual Report of the EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Programme 2012/13 2 General Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of coal, and equal to the UK's per capita electricity consumption for 30 years. Figure 2.2: Half a bath). With climate change and the need for increasing energy resources moving to the top of the world's governmental Introduction 2.1 FUSION ENERGY RESEARCH 2.1.1 FUSION FOR ENERGY PRODUCTION Fusion is the fundamental energy

307

Annual Report of the EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Programme 2008/09 2 General Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of coal, and equal to the UK's per capita electricity consumption for 30 years. Figure 2.2: Half a bath in MAST (right) With climate change and the need for increasing energy resources moving to the top Introduction 2.1 FUSION ENERGY RESEARCH 2.1.1 FUSION FOR ENERGY PRODUCTION Fusion is the fundamental energy

308

Annual Report of the EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Programme 2011/12 2 General Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of coal, and equal to the UK's per capita electricity consumption for 30 years. Figure 2.2: Half a bath). With climate change and the need for increasing energy resources moving to the top of the world's governmental Introduction 2.1 FUSION ENERGY RESEARCH 2.1.1 FUSION FOR ENERGY PRODUCTION Fusion is the fundamental energy

309

Annual Report of the EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Programme 2009/10 2 General Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of coal, and equal to the UK's per capita electricity consumption for 30 years. Figure 2.2: Half a bath) With climate change and the need for increasing energy resources moving to the top of the world's governmental Introduction 2.1 FUSION ENERGY RESEARCH 2.1.1 FUSION FOR ENERGY PRODUCTION Fusion is the fundamental energy

310

Introduction to the Geant4 Simulation toolkit  

SciTech Connect

Geant4 is a Monte Carlo simulation Toolkit, describing the interactions of particles with matter. Geant4 is widely used in radiation physics research, from High Energy Physics, to medical physics and space science, thanks to its sophisticated physics component, coupled with advanced functionality in geometry description. Geant4 is widely used at the Centre for Medical Radiation Physics (CMRP), at the University of Wollongong, to characterise and optimise novel detector concepts, radiotherapy treatments, and imaging solutions. This lecture consists of an introduction to Monte Carlo method, and to Geant4. Particular attention will be devoted to the Geant4 physics component, and to the physics models describing electromagnetic and hadronic physics interactions. The second part of the lecture will be focused on the methodology to adopt to develop a Geant4 simulation application.

Guatelli, S.; Cutajar, D.; Rosenfeld, A. B. [Centre for Medical Radiation Physics (CMRP), University of Wollongong, Northfields Avenue, Wollongong, NSW, 2522 (Australia); Oborn, B. [Ilawarra Cancer Care Centre (ICCC), Wollongong Hospital, Crown Street, Wollongong, NSW, 2500 (Australia); Centre for Medical Radiation Physics (CMRP), University of Wollongong, Northfields Avenue, Wollongong, NSW, 2522 (Australia)

2011-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

311

Validation of MODIS-Retrieved Cloud Fractions Using Whole Sky Imager Measurements at the Three ARM Sites  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MODIS-Retrieved Cloud Fractions Using MODIS-Retrieved Cloud Fractions Using Whole Sky Imager Measurements at the Three ARM Sites Z. Li, M. C. Cribb, and F.-L. Chang Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center University of Maryland College Park, Maryland A. P. Trishchenko Canada Centre for Remote Sensing Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Introduction Given the importance of clouds in modulating the surface energy budget, it is critical to obtain accurate estimates of their fractional amount in the atmospheric column for use in modeling studies. Satellite remote sensing of cloud properties such as cloud amount has the advantage of providing global coverage on a regular basis. Ground-based surveys of cloud fraction offer a practical database for use in determining the accuracy of these remotely sensed estimates of cloud fraction on a regional scale.

312

Continued fraction as a discrete nonlinear transform  

SciTech Connect

The connection between a Taylor series and a continued fraction involves a nonlinear relation between the Taylor coefficients [l brace][ital a][sub [ital n

Bender, C.M. (Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130 (United States)); Milton, K.A. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States))

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Accelerator dynamics of a fractional kicked rotor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that the Weyl fractional derivative can quantize an open system. A fractional kicked rotor is studied in the framework of the fractional Schrodinger equation. The system is described by the non-Hermitian Hamiltonian by virtue of the Weyl fractional derivative. Violation of space symmetry leads to acceleration of the orbital momentum. Quantum localization saturates this acceleration, such that the average value of the orbital momentum can be a direct current and the system behaves like a ratchet. The classical counterpart is a nonlinear kicked rotor with absorbing boundary conditions.

A. Iomin

2006-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

314

Hydrolysis and fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass ...  

A multi-function process is described for the hydrolysis and fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass to separate hemicellulosic sugars from other bio ...

315

The Smart Grid: An Introduction | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Smart Grid: An Introduction Smart Grid: An Introduction Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: The Smart Grid: An Introduction Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Energy Sector: Energy Phase: Create a Vision, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan Resource Type: Guide/manual User Interface: Website Website: www.oe.energy.gov/SmartGridIntroduction.htm Cost: Free Logo: The Smart Grid: An Introduction The Smart Grid: An Introduction is a Department of Energy publication that explains what the smart grid is, and explores challenges, opportunities, and the need for smart grid implementation. Overview The Smart Grid: An Introduction is a Department of Energy publication that explains what the smart grid is, and explores challenges, opportunities,

316

Void Fraction Instrument operation and maintenance manual  

SciTech Connect

This Operations and Maintenance Manual (O&MM) addresses riser installation, equipment and personnel hazards, operating instructions, calibration, maintenance, removal, and other pertinent information necessary to safely operate and store the Void Fraction Instrument. Final decontamination and decommissioning of the Void Fraction Instrument are not covered in this document.

Borgonovi, G.; Stokes, T.I.; Pearce, K.L.; Martin, J.D.; Gimera, M.; Graves, D.B.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Time fractional development of quantum systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the effect of time fractionalization on the development of quantum systems is taken under consideration by making use of fractional calculus. In this context, a Mittag-Leffler function is introduced as an important mathematical tool in the generalization of the evolution operator. In order to investigate the time fractional evolution of the quantum (nano) systems, time fractional forms of motion are obtained for a Schroedinger equation and a Heisenberg equation. As an application of the concomitant formalism, the wave functions, energy eigenvalues, and probability densities of the potential well and harmonic oscillator are time fractionally obtained via the fractional derivative order {alpha}, which is a measure of the fractality of time. In the case {alpha}=1, where time becomes homogenous and continuous, traditional physical conclusions are recovered. Since energy and time are conjugate to each other, the fractional derivative order {alpha} is relevant to time. It is understood that the fractionalization of time gives rise to energy fluctuations of the quantum (nano) systems.

Ertik, Hueseyin; Demirhan, Dogan; Sirin, Hueseyin; Bueyuekkilic, Fevzi [Department of Physics, Science Faculty, Ege University, Bornova, Izmir 35100 (Turkey)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

318

Airborne release fractions/rates and respirable fractions for nonreactor nuclear facilities. Volume 2, Appendices  

SciTech Connect

This document contains compiled data from the DOE Handbook on Airborne Release Fractions/Rates and Respirable Fractions for Nonreactor Nuclear facilities. Source data and example facilities utilized, such as the Plutonium Recovery Facility, are included.

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Introduction: Ontologies, Semantic Technologies, and Intelligence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years ontologies and semantic technologies more generally have begun to be applied to assist the intelligence community, for information integration, information-sharing, decision-support, and in many other applications. This chapter introduces ...

Terry Janssen; Leo Obrst; Werner Ceusters

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Examination of sharing fractions for prices and quantities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When the Household Model of Energy (HOME) and Commercial Sector Energy Model (CSEM) are run as modules in the Intermediate Future Forecasting System (IFFS), the interfacing variables (prices and consumption of fuels) have to be adjusted to their aggregated regional levels. Both HOME and CSEM operate at a level of 4 Census Regions whereas IFFS uses 10 federal Regions. This makes it necessary to aggregate the prices provided by IFFS to the 4 Census Regions and to disaggregate the sectoral consumption values calculated by HOME and CSEM to the 10 federal Regions. An examination of the historical fractions for consumption levels and prices by fuels and sectors (residential and commercial) was performed to substantiate the assumption that changes of these fractions over time are not significant. This assumption is presently employed in both HOME and CSEM. The fractions which are presently used were calculated for each fuel based on the consumption data for the year 1980. These fractions, once evaluated, are used for sharing both prices and consumption throughout the forecasting period.

Meyer, M.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "introduction year fractional" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Introduction In recent years, many of the genes that are involved in early  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). Factors required for outgrowth of the limb have also been identified (Lewandoski et al., 2000; Min et al

Capecchi, Mario R.

322

Numerical Modelling of Geothermal Systems a Short Introduction | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Numerical Modelling of Geothermal Systems a Short Introduction Numerical Modelling of Geothermal Systems a Short Introduction Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library General: Numerical Modelling of Geothermal Systems a Short Introduction Authors Mauro Cacace, Björn Onno Kaiser and Yvonne Cherubini Published Helmholtz Association, The date "N/A" was not understood.The date "N/A" was not understood. DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Numerical Modelling of Geothermal Systems a Short Introduction Citation Mauro Cacace,Björn Onno Kaiser,Yvonne Cherubini. N/A. Numerical Modelling of Geothermal Systems a Short Introduction. N/A. Helmholtz Association. N/Ap. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Numerical_Modelling_of_Geothermal_Systems_a_Short_Introduction&oldid=688986"

323

Introduction to Measurement & Verification for DOE Super ESPC Projects  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Introduction to M&V Introduction to M&V Introduction to Measurement & Verification for DOE Super ESPC Projects June 2007 Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy This document was developed for the U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program by Nexant, Inc., and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. This document is posted on FEMP's web site at http://www1.eere.energy.gov/femp/financing/superespcs_mvresources.html. Introduction to M&V Contents WHY MEASURE AND VERIFY? .................................................................................... 1 OVERVIEW OF M&V ...................................................................................................... 1

324

Introduction to Integrating Renewable Energy into Federal Construction |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Introduction to Integrating Renewable Energy into Federal Introduction to Integrating Renewable Energy into Federal Construction Introduction to Integrating Renewable Energy into Federal Construction October 16, 2013 - 4:50pm Addthis The introduction to this guide outlines key topics that led to the development of the Guide to Integrating Renewable Energy into Federal Construction. It discusses: Benefits of Renewable Energy Use: Renewable energy technologies have wide ranging benefits, including economic development and job creation, national security, price stability and environmental improvement. Meeting Federal Renewable Energy Requirements: A range of legislation and executive orders have stipulated wide-ranging renewable energy requirements and goals that apply to new construction and major renovation projects.

325

An Introduction to Computer Security: the NIST Handbook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An Introduction to Computer Security: the NIST Handbook Keywords: computer security, contingency planning, cryptography, guidance, information assurance, risk management, security audit, security controls, security policy

Barbara Guttman; Edward A. Roback

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Environment, Health, & Safety Training Program EOC-011 An Introduction...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8.5.11 Environment, Health, & Safety Training Program EOC-011 An Introduction to the National Response Framework (FEMA ICS-800.b) COURSE SYLLABUS Subject Category: Emergency...

327

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 1: Introduction ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 1: Introduction Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings...

328

Materials for Nuclear Power: A Brief Introduction - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 12, 2007 ... CITATION: Osman, T. M., "Materials for Nuclear Power: A Brief Introduction", Materials Technology@TMS, February 2007. Last Updated:†...

329

1. Introduction - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration Energy Policy Act Transportation Study: Interim Report on Natural Gas Flows and Rates 1 1. Introduction This is the ...

330

Introduction and Fundamentals: Course on Advances in Radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INTRODUCTION AMD FUNDAMENTALS: Course on Advances inUSA "Conception, my boy, fundamental brain work, is whatthat a lecture on "fundamentals" is perhaps inconsistent

Thomas, Ralph H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Introduction SCADA Security for Managers and Operators | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

To establish a National capability to support industry and government in addressing control system cyber security and vulnerabilities in the energy sector Introduction SCADA...

332

13.400 Introduction to Naval Architecture, Fall 2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction to principles of naval architecture, ship geometry, hydrostatics, calculation and drawing of curves of form, intact and damaged stability, hull structure strength calculations and ship resistance. Projects ...

Herbein, David

333

Successful Introduction of an Emergency Department Electronic Heal th Record  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction of an Emergency Department Electronic HealthHospital, Department of Emergency MedicinePark Ridge,10.5811/westjem.2012.1.11564 Our emergency department had

Propp, Douglas A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Chapter 10 Conclusion 10.1 Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cost of energy on the Islands from imported diesel fuel is high by world standards, and the cost of diesel-generated electricity is particularly high. Technical and economic analyses of energy options that maximises or minimises solar gain according to the season of the year. The Islands have reliable wind

335

Edge Excitations in Fractional Chern Insulators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent theoretical works have demonstrated the realization of fractional quantum anomalous Hall states (also called fractional Chern insulators) in topological flat band lattice models without an external magnetic field. Such newly proposed lattice systems play a vital role to obtain a large class of fractional topological phases. Here we report the exact numerical studies of edge excitations for such systems in a disk geometry loaded with hard-core bosons, which will serve as a more viable experimental probe for such topologically ordered states. We find convincing numerical evidence of a series of edge excitations characterized by the chiral Luttinger liquid theory for the bosonic fractional Chern insulators in both the honeycomb disk Haldane model and the kagom\\'{e}-lattice disk model. We further verify these current-carrying chiral edge states by inserting a central flux to test their compressibility.

Wei-Wei Luo; Wen-Chao Chen; Yi-Fei Wang; Chang-De Gong

2013-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

336

Bio-oil fractionation and condensation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of fractionating bio-oil vapors which involves providing bio-oil vapors comprising bio-oil constituents is described. The bio-oil vapors are cooled in a first stage which comprises a condenser having passages for the bio-oil separated by a heat conducting wall from passages for a coolant. The coolant in the condenser of the first stage is maintained at a substantially constant temperature, set at a temperature in the range of 75 to 100.degree. C., to condense a first liquid fraction of liquefied bio-oil constituents in the condenser of the first stage. The first liquid fraction of liquified bio-oil constituents from the condenser in the first stage is collected. Also described are steps for subsequently recovering further liquid fractions of liquefied bio-oil constituents. Particular compositions of bio-oil condensation products are also described.

Brown, Robert C; Jones, Samuel T; Pollard, Anthony

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

337

QUANTIFICATION OF PHASE FRACTION AND AMORPHOUS ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Results for a sample consisting of nearly equal mass fractions of Al2O3, CaF2, and ZnO, along with values reported by the other round-robin ...

2001-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

338

FRACTIONATION OF LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS FOR FUEL-GRADE ETHANOL PRODUCTION  

SciTech Connect

PureVision Technology, Inc. (PureVision) of Fort Lupton, Colorado is developing a process for the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into fuel-grade ethanol and specialty chemicals in order to enhance national energy security, rural economies, and environmental quality. Lignocellulosic-containing plants are those types of biomass that include wood, agricultural residues, and paper wastes. Lignocellulose is composed of the biopolymers cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. Cellulose, a polymer of glucose, is the component in lignocellulose that has potential for the production of fuel-grade ethanol by direct fermentation of the glucose. However, enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulose and raw cellulose into glucose is hindered by the presence of lignin. The cellulase enzyme, which hydrolyzes cellulose to glucose, becomes irreversibly bound to lignin. This requires using the enzyme in reagent quantities rather than in catalytic concentration. The extensive use of this enzyme is expensive and adversely affects the economics of ethanol production. PureVision has approached this problem by developing a biomass fractionator to pretreat the lignocellulose to yield a highly pure cellulose fraction. The biomass fractionator is based on sequentially treating the biomass with hot water, hot alkaline solutions, and polishing the cellulose fraction with a wet alkaline oxidation step. In September 2001 PureVision and Western Research Institute (WRI) initiated a jointly sponsored research project with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to evaluate their pretreatment technology, develop an understanding of the chemistry, and provide the data required to design and fabricate a one- to two-ton/day pilot-scale unit. The efforts during the first year of this program completed the design, fabrication, and shakedown of a bench-scale reactor system and evaluated the fractionation of corn stover. The results from the evaluation of corn stover have shown that water hydrolysis prior to alkaline hydrolysis may be beneficial in removing hemicellulose and lignin from the feedstock. In addition, alkaline hydrolysis has been shown to remove a significant portion of the hemicellulose and lignin. The resulting cellulose can be exposed to a finishing step with wet alkaline oxidation to remove the remaining lignin. The final product is a highly pure cellulose fraction containing less than 1% of the native lignin with an overall yield in excess of 85% of the native cellulose. This report summarizes the results from the first year's effort to move the technology to commercialization.

F.D. Guffey; R.C. Wingerson

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

The jamming scenario - an introduction and outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The jamming scenario of disordered media, formulated about 10 years ago, has in recent years been advanced by analyzing model systems of granular media. This has led to various new concepts that are increasingly being explored in in a variety of systems. This chapter contains an introductory review of these recent developments and provides an outlook on their applicability to different physical systems and on future directions. The first part of the paper is devoted to an overview of the findings for model systems of frictionless spheres, focussing on the excess of low-frequency modes as the jamming point is approached. Particular attention is paid to a discussion of the cross-over frequency and length scales that govern this approach. We then discuss the effects of particle asphericity and static friction, the applicability to bubble models for wet foams in which the friction is dynamic, the dynamical arrest in colloids, and the implications for molecular glasses.

Andrea J. Liu; Sidney R. Nagel; Wim van Saarloos; Matthieu Wyart

2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

340

Maximizing Tumor Immunity With Fractionated Radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Technologic advances have led to increased clinical use of higher-sized fractions of radiation dose and higher total doses. How these modify the pathways involved in tumor cell death, normal tissue response, and signaling to the immune system has been inadequately explored. Here we ask how radiation dose and fraction size affect antitumor immunity, the suppression thereof, and how this might relate to tumor control. Methods and Materials: Mice bearing B16-OVA murine melanoma were treated with up to 15 Gy radiation given in various-size fractions, and tumor growth followed. The tumor-specific immune response in the spleen was assessed by interferon-{gamma} enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assay with ovalbumin (OVA) as the surrogate tumor antigen and the contribution of regulatory T cells (Tregs) determined by the proportion of CD4{sup +}CD25{sup hi}Foxp3{sup +} T cells. Results: After single doses, tumor control increased with the size of radiation dose, as did the number of tumor-reactive T cells. This was offset at the highest dose by an increase in Treg representation. Fractionated treatment with medium-size radiation doses of 7.5 Gy/fraction gave the best tumor control and tumor immunity while maintaining low Treg numbers. Conclusions: Radiation can be an immune adjuvant, but the response varies with the size of dose per fraction. The ultimate challenge is to optimally integrate cancer immunotherapy into radiation therapy.

Schaue, Doerthe, E-mail: dschaue@mednet.ucla.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Ratikan, Josephine A.; Iwamoto, Keisuke S.; McBride, William H. [Department of Radiation Oncology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "introduction year fractional" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Introduction of New Technologies to Competing Industrial Customers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivated by several examples from industry, such as the introduction of a biotechnology-based process innovation in nylon manufacturing, we consider a technology provider that develops and introduces innovations to a market of industrial customers---original ... Keywords: business-to-business, game theory, industrial customers, industrial markets, multistage game, technology adoption, technology introduction

Sanjiv Erat; Stylianos Kavadias

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

CE 336 Introduction to Structural Engineering (formerly Structural Mechanics I)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

structures using classical and matrix methods; introduction to analysis software, structural design concepts Structures Structural Loads Natural Hazards Structural Performance---Sensors---IT Safety and Risk Analysis to Matrix Methods Displacement Methods Analysis Software Dec. 1 Dec. 6 Introduction to Structural Design

343

Supplement V.F: Packages For Introduction to Java Programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. · To protect classes. Packages provide protection so that the protected members of the classes are accessible of the package name and the file system directory structure. For the package named com.prenhall.mypackage, youSupplement V.F: Packages For Introduction to Java Programming By Y. Daniel Liang 1 Introduction

Liang, Y. Daniel

344

Computer assisted decision making for new product introduction investments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Business strategy is currently largely defined by the way that an organisation interacts with its stanapproach for supporting new product introduction (NPI) investments. The proposed methodology combines the existing concepts of directional policy matrix ... Keywords: Decision support, Fuzzy expert system, New product introduction, Real options

A. Tiwari; K. Vergidis; Y. Kuo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Statement from Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman on the Introduction of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the the Introduction of Legislation to Expand the SPR Statement from Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman on the Introduction of Legislation to Expand the SPR May 21, 2007 - 1:24pm Addthis "I commend Senator Thad Cochran and Congressmen Ralph Hall, Joe Barton, Nick Lampson, and Chip Pickering for introducing legislation today to increase the capacity of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve to 1.5 billion barrels. This will further protect America against severe disruptions to our oil supply by increasing the Reserve over the next 20 years to hold over three months of net import protection. Expanding the Strategic Petroleum Reserve will ensure adequate supplies of fuel to citizens across the country in case of supply disruption." "In his State of the Union Address earlier this year, President Bush called

346

The U.S. aviation system to the year 2000  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction: 1.1 The Future of the Aviation System. It is nothing if not presumptuous to look ahead twenty years in any phase of human activity. This seems particularly true in civil aviation where the certificated airlines ...

Ausrotas, Raymond A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case Study) (Webinar) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Introduction to Small-Scale Photovoltaic Systems (Including RETScreen Case Study) (Webinar) Focus Area: Solar Topics: Market Analysis Website: www.leonardo-energy.org/webinar-introduction-small-scale-photovoltaic- Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/introduction-small-scale-photovoltaic Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Project Development This video teaches the viewer about photovoltaic arrays and RETscreen's photovoltaic module, which can be used to project the cost and production of an array. An example case study was

348

x1 WINDOWS INTRODUCTION * 1. Introduction. This file describes the major windows of the program (the on*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

x1 WINDOWS INTRODUCTION * * 1 1. Introduction. This file describes the major windows of the program (the on* *es that the use perceives as such), namely the main window (of which there is just one) and the diagram a* *nd picture windows

van Leeuwen, Marc

349

On sampling fractions and electron shower shapes  

SciTech Connect

We study the usage of various definitions of sampling fractions in understanding electron shower shapes in a sampling multilayer electromagnetic calorimeter. We show that the sampling fractions obtained by the conventional definition (I) of (average observed energy in layer)/(average deposited energy in layer) will not give the best energy resolution for the calorimeter. The reason for this is shown to be the presence of layer by layer correlations in an electromagnetic shower. The best resolution is obtained by minimizing the deviation from the total input energy using a least squares algorithm. The 'sampling fractions' obtained by this method (II) are shown to give the best resolution for overall energy. We further show that the method (II) sampling fractions are obtained by summing the columns of a non-local {lambda} tensor that incorporates the correlations. We establish that the sampling fractions (II) cannot be used to predict the layer by layer energies and that one needs to employ the full {lambda} tensor for this purpose. This effect is again a result of the correlations.

Peryshkin, Alexander; Raja, Rajendran; /Fermilab

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Carbon isotope fractionation in protoplanetary disks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the gas-phase and grain-surface chemistry in the inner 30 AU of a typical protoplanetary disk using a new model which calculates the gas temperature by solving the gas heating and cooling balance and which has an improved treatment of the UV radiation field. We discuss inner-disk chemistry in general, obtaining excellent agreement with recent observations which have probed the material in the inner regions of protoplanetary disks. We also apply our model to study the isotopic fractionation of carbon. Results show that the fractionation ratio, 12C/13C, of the system varies with radius and height in the disk. Different behaviour is seen in the fractionation of different species. We compare our results with 12C/13C ratios in the Solar System comets, and find a stark contrast, indicative of reprocessing.

Woods, Paul M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Carbon isotope fractionation in protoplanetary disks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the gas-phase and grain-surface chemistry in the inner 30 AU of a typical protoplanetary disk using a new model which calculates the gas temperature by solving the gas heating and cooling balance and which has an improved treatment of the UV radiation field. We discuss inner-disk chemistry in general, obtaining excellent agreement with recent observations which have probed the material in the inner regions of protoplanetary disks. We also apply our model to study the isotopic fractionation of carbon. Results show that the fractionation ratio, 12C/13C, of the system varies with radius and height in the disk. Different behaviour is seen in the fractionation of different species. We compare our results with 12C/13C ratios in the Solar System comets, and find a stark contrast, indicative of reprocessing.

Paul M. Woods; Karen Willacy

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Low or High Fractionation Dose {beta}-Radiotherapy for Pterygium? A Randomized Clinical Trial  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Postoperative adjuvant treatment using {beta}-radiotherapy (RT) is a proven technique for reducing the recurrence of pterygium. A randomized trial was conducted to determine whether a low fractionation dose of 2 Gy within 10 fractions would provide local control similar to that after a high fractionation dose of 5 Gy within 7 fractions for surgically resected pterygium. Methods: A randomized trial was conducted in 200 patients (216 pterygia) between February 2006 and July 2007. Only patients with fresh pterygium resected using a bare sclera method and given RT within 3 days were included. Postoperative RT was delivered using a strontium-90 eye applicator. The pterygia were randomly treated using either 5 Gy within 7 fractions (Group 1) or 2 Gy within 10 fractions (Group 2). The local control rate was calculated from the date of surgery. Results: Of the 216 pterygia included, 112 were allocated to Group 1 and 104 to Group 2. The 3-year local control rate for Groups 1 and 2 was 93.8% and 92.3%, respectively (p = .616). A statistically significant difference for cosmetic effect (p = .034), photophobia (p = .02), irritation (p = .001), and scleromalacia (p = .017) was noted in favor of Group 2. Conclusions: No better local control rate for postoperative pterygium was obtained using high-dose fractionation vs. low-dose fractionation. However, a low-dose fractionation schedule produced better cosmetic effects and resulted in fewer symptoms than high-dose fractionation. Moreover, pterygia can be safely treated in terms of local recurrence using RT schedules with a biologic effective dose of 24-52.5 Gy{sub 10.}.

Viani, Gustavo Arruda, E-mail: gusviani@gmail.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, Marilia Medicine School, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); De Fendi, Ligia Issa; Fonseca, Ellen Carrara [Department of Ophthalmology, Marilia Medicine School, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Stefano, Eduardo Jose [Department of Radiation Oncology, Marilia Medicine School, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

22.01 Introduction to Ionizing Radiation, Fall 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction to basic properties of ionizing radiations and their uses in medicine, industry, science, and environmental studies. Discusses natural and man-made radiation sources, energy deposition and dose calculations, ...

Coderre, Jeffrey A.

354

Small Wind Guidebook/Introduction | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Introduction Introduction < Small Wind Guidebook Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF WIND ENERGY STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT & OUTREACHSmall Wind Guidebook Home WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical for Me? * What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? * What Are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System? * What Do Wind Systems Cost? * Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support? * How Much Energy Will My System Generate? * Is There Enough Wind on My Site? * How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine? * Can I Connect My System to the Utility Grid? * Can I Go Off-Grid? * State Information Portal * Glossary of Terms * For More Information Introduction Can I use wind energy to power my home? This question is being asked across

355

Community Energy Planning A Guide for Communities Volume 1 - Introduction |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Guide for Communities Volume 1 - Introduction Guide for Communities Volume 1 - Introduction Jump to: navigation, search Name Community Energy Planning A Guide for Communities Volume 1 - Introduction Agency/Company /Organization Natural Resources Canada Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Land Use, Non-renewable Energy, People and Policy, Transportation, Renewable Energy Phase Create a Vision, Prepare a Plan Resource Type Guide/manual Availability Free, publically available Website http://www.thesolarvillage.com References Community Energy Planning A Guide for Communities Volume 1 - Introduction[1] Overview This report discusses the concept of Community Energy Planning and its relationship with existing planning processes in Canada. The report also discusses the idea of sustainability and how it is applicable at the

356

Webinar: Introduction to Pre-engineered Metal Building Envelope  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Webinar: Introduction to Pre-engineered Metal Building Envelope Webinar: Introduction to Pre-engineered Metal Building Envelope Commissioning Webinar: Introduction to Pre-engineered Metal Building Envelope Commissioning November 22, 2013 1:00PM EST The metal building industry produces more than 50% of all new low-rise nonresidential construction in the United States. These buildings serve many different end uses, including commercial, industrial, institutional, and educational applications. In this introduction to commissioning for building envelopes, participants will learn about the benefits of pre-engineered metal building envelope commissioning, stakeholders and participants, current guidelines and standards related to commissioning and envelope-specific commissioning tests. The information in this webinar will also be widely applicable to

357

Building Energy Codes 101: An Introduction | Building Energy Codes Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Codes 101: An Introduction Codes 101: An Introduction In order to provide a basic introduction to the varied and complex issues associated with building energy codes, the U.S. Department of Energy's Building Energy Codes Program, with valued assistance from the International Codes Council and ASHRAE, has prepared Building Energy Codes 101: An Introduction. This guide is designed to speak to a broad audience with an interest in building energy efficiency, including state energy officials, architects, engineers, designers, and members of the public. Publication Date: Wednesday, February 17, 2010 BECP_Building Energy Codes 101_February2010_v00.pdf Document Details Last Name: Britt Initials: M Affiliation: PNNL Document Number: PNNL-70586 Focus: Adoption Code Development Compliance Building Type:

358

Web Publishing with Plone: A User's Introduction to the Plone...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Web Publishing with Plone: A User's Introduction to the Plone Content Management System Speaker(s): Daniel Fuller Date: May 29, 2009 - 3:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar HostPoint...

359

Introduction In 2008, Texas Transportation Commission Chair Deirdre Delisi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

report by providing an enhanced analysis of the current and future state of the Texas transportationIntroduction In 2008, Texas Transportation Commission Chair Deirdre Delisi appointed members leaders was to provide an independent, authoritative assessment of the state's transportation

360

i4Energy-An Introduction and Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

i4Energy-An Introduction and Overview Speaker(s): Paul Wright Date: October 31, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Mary Ann Piette i4Energy is a...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "introduction year fractional" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

1 Introduction to Information Retrieval 2 Information Retrieval Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Introduction to Information Retrieval 2 Information Retrieval Models Mounia Lalmas Yahoo! Research Barcelona Information Retrieval Summer School 2011 Bangalore, India Mounia Lalmas (Yahoo! Research and evaluation (INEX) Quantum theory to model interactive information retrieval Aggregated search Bridging

Lalmas, Mounia

362

REFERENCE: The Blue Planet An Introduction to Earth System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REFERENCE: The Blue Planet An Introduction to Earth System Science. Brian J. Skinner and Barbara Glacier E. Piedmont Glaciers #12;A. Cirque glaciers occupies a bowl shape depression on a mountainside

Gilbes, Fernando

363

Fractional Quantization of the Hall Effect  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

The Fractional Quantum Hall Effect is caused by the condensation of a two-dimensional electron gas in a strong magnetic field into a new type of macroscopic ground state, the elementary excitations of which are fermions of charge 1/m, where m is an odd integer. A mathematical description is presented.

Laughlin, R. B.

1984-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

364

Void fraction instrument acceptance test procedure  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This acceptance test procedure (ATP) was written to test the void fraction instrument (VFI) and verify that the unit is ready for field service. The procedure verifies that the mechanical and electrical features (not specifically addressed in the software ATP) and software alarms are operating as designed.

Pearce, K.L.

1994-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

365

A Lyapunov approach to the stability of fractional differential equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lyapunov stability of fractional differential equations is addressed in this paper. The key concept is the frequency distributed fractional integrator model, which is the basis for a global state space model of FDEs. Two approaches are presented: the ... Keywords: Fractional differential equations, Fractional integrator, Lyapunov stability, Nonlinear FDEs, State space models

J. C. Trigeassou; N. Maamri; J. Sabatier; A. Oustaloup

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Global attractors for parabolic problems in fractional power spaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: cooperative systems, fractional power spaces, global attractors, reaction-diffusion equations, thin domains

Alexandre Nolasco De Carvalho; Josť Gaspar Ruas-Filho

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Clean Fractionation: Technology Available for Licensing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Clean Fractionation Clean Fractionation National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Offi ce of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. NREL/FS-7A1-43959 * October 2008 Printed with a renewable-source ink on paper containing at least 50% wastepaper, including 10% postconsumer waste. You'll find more technologies available for licensing on the NREL Technology Transfer Web site at www.nrel.gov/technologytransfer/. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future Biorefinery production costs are driven Insolubles Wash Cellulose pulp Lignocellulosic feedstock Solubles

368

Methods And Apparatus For Acoustic Fiber Fractionation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and apparatus for acoustic fiber fractionation using a plane ultrasonic wave field interacting with water suspended fibers circulating in a channel flow using acoustic radiation forces to separate fibers into two or more fractions based on fiber radius, with applications of the separation concept in the pulp and paper industry. The continuous process relies on the use of a wall-mounted, rectangular cross-section piezoelectric ceramic transducer to selectively deflect flowing fibers as they penetrate the ultrasonic field. The described embodiment uses a transducer frequency of approximately 150 kHz. Depending upon the amount of dissolved gas in water, separation is obtained using a standing or a traveling wave field.

Brodeur, Pierre (Smyrna, GA)

1999-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

369

AHP gives NGL fractionation energy savings  

SciTech Connect

Absorption heat pumping (AHP) offers a highly economic and widely applicable avenue to process heat integration and heat recovery in natural gas liquid (NGL) fractionation plants. Economically priced equipment is now available for any required capacity rating. Installations are increasing. In conventional heat pumping, heat at a low temperature is supplied to an evaporator, causing a liquid to boil at low pressure. This low pressure vapor is compressed. The high pressure vapor condenses, giving up latent heat at a high temperature. The difference between the heat supply temperature and heat delivery temperature is the ''lift'' furnished by the heat pump. Existing NGL fractionation plants offer highly economic opportunities for retrofit AHP applications. Designers of new plants can exploit AHP technology to further economic advantage.

Davidson, W.F.; Erickson, D.C.

1985-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

370

Radiotherapy Dose Fractionation under Parameter Uncertainty  

SciTech Connect

In radiotherapy, radiation is directed to damage a tumor while avoiding surrounding healthy tissue. Tradeoffs ensue because dose cannot be exactly shaped to the tumor. It is particularly important to ensure that sensitive biological structures near the tumor are not damaged more than a certain amount. Biological tissue is known to have a nonlinear response to incident radiation. The linear quadratic dose response model, which requires the specification of two clinically and experimentally observed response coefficients, is commonly used to model this effect. This model yields an optimization problem giving two different types of optimal dose sequences (fractionation schedules). Which fractionation schedule is preferred depends on the response coefficients. These coefficients are uncertainly known and may differ from patient to patient. Because of this not only the expected outcomes but also the uncertainty around these outcomes are important, and it might not be prudent to select the strategy with the best expected outcome.

Davison, Matt [Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario (Canada); Department of Statistical and Actuarial Science, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario (Canada); Ivey School of Business, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario (Canada); Kim, Daero [Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario (Canada); Keller, Harald [Department Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

371

Pyrolysis of shale oil residual fractions  

SciTech Connect

The freezing point of JP-5, the Navy jet fuel, has been related to the n-alkane content, specifically n-hexadecane. In general, jet fuels from shale oil have the highest n-alkanes. The formation of n-alkanes in the jet fuel distillation range can be explained if large n-alkanes are present in the crude oil source. Quantities of large n-alkanes are insufficient, however, to explain the amounts found - up to 37% n-alkanes in the jet fuel range. Other possible precursors to small straight chain molecules are substituted cyclic compounds. Attack in the side chain obviously afford a path to an n-alkane. Aromatic hydrocarbons, esters, acids, amines, and ethers also have the potential to form n-alkanes if an unbranched alkyl chain is present in the molecule. Investigations showed that the best yield of the JP-5 cut comes at different times for the various fractions, but a time in the 60 to 120 min range would appear to be the optimum time for good yield at 450/sup 0/C. The longer time would be preferred with respect to lower potential n-alkane yield. None of the fractions gave n-alkane yields approaching the 37% amount found in the Shale-I JP-5. A temperature different than the 450/sup 0/C used here might affect the conversion percentage. Further the combined saturate, aromatic, and polar fractions may interact under pyrolysis conditions to give higher potential n-alkane yields than the fractions stressed independently.

Hazlett, R.N.; Beal, E.; Vetter, T.; Sonntag, R.; Moniz, W.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Fractional Quantum Hall States in Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We quantum mechanically analyze the fractional quantum Hall effect in graphene. This will be done by building the corresponding states in terms of a potential governing the interactions and discussing other issues. More precisely, we consider a system of particles in the presence of an external magnetic field and take into account of a specific interaction that captures the basic features of the Laughlin series \

Ahmed Jellal; Bellati Malika

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

373

Solutions of the Fractional Reaction Equation and the Fractional Diffusion Equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In view of the role of reaction equations in physical problems, the authors derive the explicit solution of a fractional reaction equation of general character, that unifies and extends earlier results. Further, an alternative shorter method based on a result developed by the authors is given to derive the solution of a fractional diffusion equation. Fox functions and Mittag-Leffler functions are used for closed-form representations of the solutions of the respective differential equations.

R. K. Saxena; A. M. Mathai; H. J. Haubold

2010-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

374

Introduction to the Oak Ridge Reservation 1-1 1. Introduction to the Oak Ridge Reservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's wartime name was "Clinton Engineering Works." The workers' city, named Oak Ridge, was established facilities built at Hanford, Washington. Two years after World War II ended, Oak Ridge was shifted to undertake some of the most complex work in the department, and there is more to come as ORO advances public

Pennycook, Steve

375

Introduction to the Oak Ridge Reservation 1-1 1. Introduction to the Oak Ridge Reservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's wartime name was "Clinton Engineering Works." The workers' city, named Oak Ridge, was established facilities built at Hanford, Washington. Two years after World War II ended, Oak Ridge was shifted within DOE that works in partnership with the U.S. Department of Defense and the other components

Pennycook, Steve

376

Introduction to the Oak Ridge Reservation 1-1 1. Introduction to the Oak Ridge Reservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that produced materials for the first atomic bombs. The reservation's role has evolved over the years Reservation Annual Site Environmental Report and supporting data are available at http, Environment, Safety and Health Reporting, for an annual summary of environmental data to characterize

Pennycook, Steve

377

Iron isotopic fractionation during continental weathering  

SciTech Connect

The biological activity on continents and the oxygen content of the atmosphere determine the chemical pathways through which Fe is processed at the Earth's surface. Experiments have shown that the relevant chemical pathways fractionate Fe isotopes. Measurements of soils, streams, and deep-sea clay indicate that the {sup 56}Fe/{sup 54}Fe ratio ({delta}{sup 56}Fe relative to igneous rocks) varies from +1{per_thousand} for weathering residues like soils and clays, to -3{per_thousand} for dissolved Fe in streams. These measurements confirm that weathering processes produce substantial fractionation of Fe isotopes in the modern oxidizing Earth surface environment. The results imply that biologically-mediated processes, which preferentially mobilize light Fe isotopes, are critical to Fe chemistry in weathering environments, and that the {delta}{sup 56}Fe of marine dissolved Fe should be variable and negative. Diagenetic reduction of Fe in marine sediments may also be a significant component of the global Fe isotope cycle. Iron isotopes provide a tracer for the influence of biological activity and oxygen in weathering processes through Earth history. Iron isotopic fractionation during weathering may have been smaller or absent in an oxygen-poor environment such as that of the early Precambrian Earth.

Fantle, Matthew S.; DePaolo, Donald J.

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Measurement of tau lepton branching fractions  

SciTech Connect

We present {tau}{sup {minus}} lepton branching fraction measurements based on data from the TPC/Two-Gamma detector at PEP. Using a sample of{tau}{sup {minus}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}}K{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}} events, we examine the resonance structure of the K{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}} system and obtain the first measurements of branching fractions for {tau}{sup {minus}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}}K{sub 1}{sup {minus}}(1270) and {tau}{sup {minus}} {yields} {nu}{sub {tau}}K{sub 1}{sup {minus}}(1400). We also describe a complete set of branching fraction measurements in which all the decays of the {tau}{sup {minus}} lepton are separated into classes defined by the identities of the charged particles and an estimate of the number of neutrals. This is the first such global measurement with decay classes defined by the four possible charged particle species, e, {mu}, {pi}, and K.

Nicol, N.A.

1993-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

379

Experiences from Introduction of Ethanol Buses and Ethanol Fuel Station |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Experiences from Introduction of Ethanol Buses and Ethanol Fuel Station Experiences from Introduction of Ethanol Buses and Ethanol Fuel Station Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Experiences from Introduction of Ethanol Buses and Ethanol Fuel Station Agency/Company /Organization: BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency Topics: Best Practices Website: www.best-europe.org/upload/BEST_documents/info_documents/Best%20report Ethanol buses were demonstrated within BioEthanol for Sustainable Transport (BEST). This report describes the problems at the sites and how they were solved. The aim of the report is to guide other local transport authorities on how to deal with the questions raised when a bus demonstration begins. How to Use This Tool This tool is most helpful when using these strategies:

380

Microsoft Word - Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cross Reference Matrix Introduction Cross Reference Matrix Introduction This cross-reference matrix is intended to provide NRC reviewers with an aid to show where Yucca Mountain Review Plan (YMRP) (NUREG-1804) acceptance criteria as well as 10 CFR Part 63 regulations are addressed within the Yucca Mountain Repository License Application. This matrix does not assert compliance with 10 CFR Part 63 or the YMRP; it is provided as an aid to reviewers. The information contained in this matrix is generally repeated in tables at the introduction to each chapter or section of the License Application, as appropriate. The YMRP acceptance criteria are also listed within the relevant subsections of the License Application, typically at the fourth level headings, to aid reviewers. The portions of 10 CFR Part 63 that are not required to be addressed in

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "introduction year fractional" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

An introduction to electrical resistivity in geophysics | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

An introduction to electrical resistivity in geophysics An introduction to electrical resistivity in geophysics Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: An introduction to electrical resistivity in geophysics Abstract Physicists are finding that the skills they have learned in their training may be applied to areas beyond traditional physics topics. One such field is that of geophysics. This paper presents the electrical resistivity component of an undergraduate geophysics course at Radford University. It is taught from a physics perspective, yet the application of the theory to the real world is the overriding goal. The concepts involved in electrical resistivity studies are first discussed in a general sense, and then they are studied through the application of the relevant electromagnetic theory.

382

Conceptual Models of Geothermal Systems - Introduction | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Conceptual Models of Geothermal Systems - Introduction Conceptual Models of Geothermal Systems - Introduction Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Conceptual Models of Geothermal Systems - Introduction Abstract The key to the successful exploration, development (incl. drilling) and utilization of any type of geothermal system is a clear definition and understanding of the nature and characteristics of the system in question. This is best achieved through the development of a conceptual model of the system, which is a descriptive or qualitative model incorporating, and unifying, the essential physical features of the system. Conceptual models are mainly based on analysis of geological and geophysical information, temperature and pressure data, information on reservoir properties as well

383

Updating the Electric Grid: An Introduction to Non-Transmission  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Updating the Electric Grid: An Introduction to Non-Transmission Updating the Electric Grid: An Introduction to Non-Transmission Alternatives for Policymakers Updating the Electric Grid: An Introduction to Non-Transmission Alternatives for Policymakers Throughout the United States a consensus has emerged that an improved transmission system is in the interest of the country as a whole.1 However, decisions to implement new transmission lines may face significant cost, environmental, and public acceptance barriers which delay implementation of needed transmission improvements. As State decision makers consider transmission investments, it may be important to account for Non-Transmission Alternatives (NTA). NTAs are programs and technologies that complement and improve operation of existing transmission systems that individually or in combination defer or eliminate the need for upgrades to

384

Introduction to NABI and Asset Building in Native Communities Webinar |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Introduction to NABI and Asset Building in Native Communities Introduction to NABI and Asset Building in Native Communities Webinar Introduction to NABI and Asset Building in Native Communities Webinar May 23, 2013 2:00PM EDT Webinar The Administration for Children and Families Office of Community Services and Administration for Native Americans invite you to participate in two pre-application webinars introducing the 2013 Native Asset Building Initiative (NABI) funding opportunity. During these webinars, you will learn: Details of the 2013 NABI funding opportunity, including application requirements and how to leverage additional funding Proven strategies to strengthen financial literacy and wealth creation among low-income Native populations How to design and manage a successful asset building project in a Native community.

385

Updating the Electric Grid: An Introduction to Non-Transmission  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Updating the Electric Grid: An Introduction to Non-Transmission Updating the Electric Grid: An Introduction to Non-Transmission Alternatives for Policymakers Updating the Electric Grid: An Introduction to Non-Transmission Alternatives for Policymakers Throughout the United States a consensus has emerged that an improved transmission system is in the interest of the country as a whole.1 However, decisions to implement new transmission lines may face significant cost, environmental, and public acceptance barriers which delay implementation of needed transmission improvements. As State decision makers consider transmission investments, it may be important to account for Non-Transmission Alternatives (NTA). NTAs are programs and technologies that complement and improve operation of existing transmission systems that individually or in combination defer or eliminate the need for upgrades to

386

From Classical To Quantum Gravity: Introduction to Loop Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an introduction to the canonical quantization of gravity performed in loop quantum gravity, based on lectures held at the 3rd quantum geometry and quantum gravity school in Zakopane in 2011. A special feature of this introduction is the inclusion of new proposals for coupling matter to gravity that can be used to deparametrize the theory, thus making its dynamics more tractable. The classical and quantum aspects of these new proposals are explained alongside the standard quantization of vacuum general relativity in loop quantum gravity.

Giesel, Kristina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Fractionated Stereotactic Radiotherapy in Patients With Optic Nerve Sheath Meningioma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (SFRT) in the treatment of optic nerve sheath meningioma (ONSM). Methods and Materials: Between 1993 and 2005, 109 patients (113 eyes) with primary (n = 37) or secondary (n = 76) ONSM were treated according to a prospective protocol with SFRT to a median dose of 54 Gy. All patients underwent radiographic, ophthalmologic, and endocrine analysis before and after SFRT. Radiographic response, visual control, and late side effects were endpoints of the analysis. Results: Median time to last clinical, radiographic, and ophthalmologic follow up was 30.2 months (n = 113), 42.7 months (n = 108), and 53.7 months (n = 91), respectively. Regression of the tumor was observed in 5 eyes and progression in 4 eyes, whereas 104 remained stable. Visual acuity improved in 12, deteriorated in 11, and remained stable in 68 eyes. Mean visual field defects reduced from 33.6% (n = 90) to 17.8% (n = 56) in ipsilateral and from 10% (n = 94) to 6.7% (n = 62) in contralateral eyes. Ocular motility improved in 23, remained stable in 65, and deteriorated in 3 eyes. Radiographic tumor control was 100% at 3 years and 98% at 5 years. Visual acuity was preserved in 94.8% after 3 years and in 90.9% after 5 years. Endocrine function was normal in 90.8% after 3 years and in 81.3% after 5 years. Conclusions: SFRT represents a highly effective treatment for ONSM. Interdisciplinary counseling of the patients is recommended. Because of the high rate of preservation of visual acuity we consider SFRT the standard approach for the treatment of ONSM. Prolonged observation is warranted to more accurately assess late visual impairment. Moderate de-escalation of the radiation dose might improve the preservation of visual acuity and pituitary gland function.

Paulsen, Frank, E-mail: frank.paulsen@med.uni-tuebingen.de [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen (Germany); Doerr, Stefan [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen (Germany); Wilhelm, Helmut [Department of Ophthalmology, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen (Germany); Becker, Gerd [Department of Radiation Oncology, Klinik am Eichert, Goeppingen (Germany); Bamberg, Michael [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen (Germany); Classen, Johannes [Department of Radiation Oncology, St. Vincentius-Kliniken, Karlsruhe (Germany)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Optimizing injected solvent fraction in stratified reservoirs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Waterflooding has become standard practice for extending the productive life of many solution gas drive reservoirs, but has the disadvantage of leaving a substantial residual oil volume in the reservoir. Solvent flooding has been offered as a method whereby oil may be completely displaced from the reservoir, leaving no residual volume. Field results have demonstrated that solvent floods suffer from early solvent breakthrough and considerable oil by-passing owing to high solvent mobility. The injection of both water and solvent has been demonstrated to offer advantages. Water partially mitigates both the adverse mobility and high cost of solvent floods, while solvent mobilizes oil which would be left in the reservoir by water alone. The process is equally applicable to reservoirs currently at residual oil saturation (tertiary floods) and to reservoirs at maximum oil saturation (secondary floods). In stratified reservoirs high permeability layers may be preferentially swept by solvent floods, while low permeability layers may be scarcely swept at all. Presence or absence of transverse communication between layers can modify overall sweep efficiency. This work is a study of water-solvent injection in stratified reservoirs based on computer simulation results. Fractional oil recovery as a function of injected solvent fraction, permeability contrast between layers, initial oil saturation, and presence or absence of transverse communication between strata has been determined. Results are presented as a series of optimization curves. Permeability contrast between layers is shown to be the dominant control on fractional oil recovery. Transverse communicating reservoirs are shown to require a higher solvent-water ratio in order to attain recoveries comparable to transverse noncommunicating reservoirs. In actual field projects, water and solvent are injected alternately as discrete slugs. This process is known as "WAG" for "water-alternating-gas". In the simulations used in this study, continuous water-solvent injection at a fixed fraction rather than true WAG was employed. It is demonstrated that the two methods give equivalent results. In summary, this work is the first comprehensive study of the behavior of stratified reservoirs undergoing water-solvent injection.

Moon, Gary Michael

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Motility fractionation of bacteria by centrifugation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Centrifugation is a widespread laboratory technique used to separate mixtures into fractions characterized by a specific size, weight or density. We demonstrate that centrifugation can be also used to separate swimming cells having different motility. To do this we study self-propelled bacteria under the influence of an external centrifugal field. Using dynamic image correlation spectroscopy we measure the spatially resolved motility of bacteria after centrifugation. A significant gradient in swimming-speeds is observed for increasing centrifugal speeds. Our results can be reproduced by a model that treats bacteria as "hot" colloidal particles having a diffusion coefficient that depends on the swimming speed.

Claudio Maggi; Alessia Lepore; Jacopo Solari; Alessandro Rizzo; Roberto Di Leonardo

2013-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

390

Hydrolysis and fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multi-function process is described for the hydrolysis and fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass to separate hemicellulosic sugars from other biomass components such as extractives and proteins; a portion of the solubilized lignin; cellulose; glucose derived from cellulose; and insoluble lignin from said biomass comprising one or more of the following: optionally, as function 1, introducing a dilute acid of pH 1.0-5.0 into a continual shrinking bed reactor containing a lignocellulosic biomass material at a temperature of about 94 to about 160.degree. C. for a period of about 10 to about 120 minutes at a volumetric flow rate of about 1 to about 5 reactor volumes to effect solubilization of extractives, lignin, and protein by keeping the solid to liquid ratio constant throughout the solubilization process; as function 2, introducing a dilute acid of pH 1.0-5.0, either as virgin acid or an acidic stream from another function, into a continual shrinking bed reactor containing either fresh biomass or the partially fractionated lignocellulosic biomass material from function 1 at a temperature of about 94-220.degree. C. for a period of about 10 to about 60 minutes at a volumetric flow rate of about 1 to about 5 reactor volumes to effect solubilization of hemicellulosic sugars, semisoluble sugars and other compounds, and amorphous glucans by keeping the solid to liquid ratio constant throughout the solubilization process; as function 3, optionally, introducing a dilute acid of pH 1.0-5.0 either as virgin acid or an acidic stream from another function, into a continual shrinking bed reactor containing the partially fractionated lignocellulosic biomass material from function 2 at a temperature of about 180-280.degree. C. for a period of about 10 to about 60 minutes at a volumetric flow rate of 1 to about 5 reactor volumes to effect solubilization of cellulosic sugars by keeping the solid to liquid ratio constant throughout the solubilization process; and as function 4, optionally, introducing a dilute acid of pH 1.0-5.0 either as virgin acid or an acidic stream from another function, into a continual shrinking bed reactor containing the partially fractionated lignocellulosic biomass material from function 3 at a temperature of about 180-280.degree. C. for a period of about 10 to about 60 minutes at a volumetric flow rate of about 1 to about 5 reactor volumes to effect solubilization of cellulosic sugars by keeping the solid to liquid ratio constant throughout the solubilization process.

Torget, Robert W. (Littleton, CO); Padukone, Nandan (Denver, CO); Hatzis, Christos (Denver, CO); Wyman, Charles E. (Lakewood, CO)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Polyfunctional catalyst for processiing benzene fractions  

SciTech Connect

A by-product of the coke industry is a raw benzene fraction benzene- 1 which may serve as for catalytic processes. The paper reports a study on the influence of the composition and temperatures on the activity and selectivity of NiO-V{sub 2}O{sub 6}-MoO{sub 3}/{gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalysts and the corresponding binary and tertiary subsystems are studied by a pulse method in model reactions; the hydrodealkylating of toluene and the hydrodesulfurizing of thioprhene. The optimal catalyst composition is established. The new catalyst is compared with industrial catalysts.

G. Byakov; B.D. Zubitskii; B.G. Tryasunov; I.Ya. Petrov [Kuznetsk Basin State Technical University, Kemerovo (Russian Federation)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

392

ETHOGRAM FOR THE GLOSSY BLACK-COCKATOO INTRODUCTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

44 CHAPTER 3 ETHOGRAM FOR THE GLOSSY BLACK-COCKATOO INTRODUCTION The purpose of this chapter is to record the available descriptive information on the glossy black-cockatoo's species-typical behavior. The glossy black-cockatoos did not land on the ground except to drink, and in one case to tend a fledgling

Pepper, John

393

Radically New Product Introduction Using On-line Auctions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rapid technological innovation and changing market expectations in electronic commerce are pushing companies to develop strategies for radically new products. Fast and unbiased new marketing research methods are needed to reduce the associated risks. ... Keywords: Full Revelation, Marketing Research, New Product Introduction, On-Line Auctions

Xianjun Geng; Maxwell B. Stinchcombe; Andrew B. Whinston

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

The safe use of low temperature liquefied gases 1. Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(5-10%) but the others are odourless. Liquefied gases ­ oxygen, nitrogen, argon, helium and carbonCare with cryogenics The safe use of low temperature liquefied gases #12;Index 1. Introduction 1.1 Objective 1.2 Gases considered and typical uses 2. Properties of low temperature liquefied atmospheric gases

Martin, Ralph R.

395

File:WSR flowchart-introduction.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WSR flowchart-introduction.pdf WSR flowchart-introduction.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage File:WSR flowchart-introduction.pdf Size of this preview: 463 √ó 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 √ó 600 pixels. Full resolution ‚Äé(1,275 √ó 1,650 pixels, file size: 16 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 09:33, 22 October 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 09:33, 22 October 2012 1,275 √ó 1,650 (16 KB) Dklein2012 (Talk | contribs) You cannot overwrite this file. Edit this file using an external application (See the setup instructions for more information) File usage There are no pages that link to this file. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=File:WSR_flowchart-introduction.pdf&oldid=527277

396

Lecture 9-10 Introduction to energy & environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_energy_consumption_per_capita (2004, source Wikipedia) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_energy_consumption_per_capita #12;The world at night: lightingLecture 9-10 HAS222d-09 Introduction to energy & environment Air pollution #12;applying flux

397

1 INTRODUCTION Stressing brittle rocks leads to the development of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-dependent creep driven by stress corrosion and subcritical crack growth (Lockner, 1998). This creep strongly1 INTRODUCTION Stressing brittle rocks leads to the development of distributed damage long before, 1994, Lyakhovsky et al. 1997; Lockner, 1998). Further, the stress-induced damage may facilitate time

Ze'ev, Reches

398

INTRODUCTION Neural intermediate filaments (NIF) containing one or more of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INTRODUCTION Neural intermediate filaments (NIF) containing one or more of five different types, NIF possess common structural features, including a conserved alpha-helical central rod domain of NIF in the presence of NF-L (Zackroff et al., 1982; Hisanaga and Hirokawa, 1988; Balin and Lee, 1991

Goldman, Robert D.

399

1 INTRODUCTION Modern nuclear reactor concepts make use of pas-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 INTRODUCTION Modern nuclear reactor concepts make use of pas- sive safety features (Fong et al systems in advanced nuclear reactors; in (Cardoso et al. 2008), Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs: Special Issue "Natural Circulation in Nuclear Reactor Systems", Hindawi Publishing Corpo- ration, Paper

400

1 INTRODUCTION Appalachian coal recovered during mining fre-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 INTRODUCTION Appalachian coal recovered during mining fre- quently contains diluting material be re- moved in order to produce a marketable product. This is compounded by the fact that current coal- ground room-and-pillar or longwall coal production do not allow for the separation of waste during coal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "introduction year fractional" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

CHAPTER 2 SOFTWARE PROJECT PLANNING 2.1 Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are available for constructing process models and estimating software project costs. Project planning tools10 CHAPTER 2 SOFTWARE PROJECT PLANNING 2.1 Introduction This chapter describes the domain of software project planning in order to understand its characteristics and assess what considerations

O'Connor, Rory

402

Introduction Direct seeding, also known as direct sowing, is  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Direct seeding, also known as direct sowing, is an ancient method of woodland that control of competing vegetation is essential for successful tree establishment using direct sowing. Hand, Willoughby (2002) suggests total overall herbicide inputs may be lower in direct seeded woodland due

403

ENGO 435 Remote Sensing LAB 1: INTRODUCTION TO REMOTE SENSING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENGO 435 ­ Remote Sensing Fall 2003 LAB 1: INTRODUCTION TO REMOTE SENSING Due: By 4:30 pm on September 30th Objectives: To familiarize you with: Remote sensing resources on the Internet. Some remote (Metadata). Part A: Remote Sensing Resources There is a wealth of remote sensing information and data

Habib, Ayman

404

Remote Sensing ENGO 435 Introduction to Remote Sensing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Remote Sensing ENGO 435 Introduction to Remote Sensing Fall 2003 #12;2 Remote Sensing ENGO 435://www.geomatics.ucalgar.ca/~habib/courses.html #12;3 Remote Sensing ENGO 435 Grading Scheme · Lab Assignments (5 labs): (25% of Total Grade will be reduced by 10% per day for each day overdue. #12;4 Remote Sensing ENGO 435 Programming & Software

Habib, Ayman

405

Lab 11: Flooding I ---Understanding the Workings of Streams Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Lab 11: Flooding I --- Understanding the Workings of Streams Introduction Floods their activities to the natural flooding cycles of the rivers and coasts they lived beside. Still, humans have, this distance can be significantly longer that the straight-line distance separating two points. All other

Chen, Po

406

Introduction to Special Edition on University Nonproliferation Education and Training  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction to Special Edition on University Nonproliferation Education and Training PNNL-SA-50159 Nonproliferation, like many aspects of security, has not played out as many expected following the end of the cold destruction has introduced an element of uncertainty into nonproliferation that is unprecedented. Another

407

INTRODUCTION The Paleogene primate record from Indo-Pakistan is  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INTRODUCTION The Paleogene primate record from Indo-Pakistan is scanty, but the list was recently expanded by the recovery of several new Oligocene taxa from Pakistan (Marivaux et al., 2001, 2005). From consisting mostly of single crowns from north- -ern Pakistan (Russell and Gingerich,1980, 1987, Thewissen et

Thewissen, J. G. M. "Hans"

408

Introduction Application of numerical models of ground water flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Application of numerical models of ground water flow almost always involves some sort (Yeh 1986; Poeter and Hill 1997; Hill et al. 1998). Other data beside hydraulic head have been used in calibration of ground water models, including rates of ground water exchange with streams and other surface

Saiers, James

409

1. INTRODUCTION Global biomass and soil carbon estimate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. INTRODUCTION Global biomass and soil carbon estimate Sahoko Yui and Sonia Yeh Institute peatland carbon data. 2. FOREST BIOMASS CARBON Table 1: Reclassification of Land Cover Types IGBP RFS 2 is to create spatially explicit global database of biomass and soil carbon stock and the emission factors

California at Davis, University of

410

OFFSHORE WIND FARM LAYOUT OPTIMIZATION (OWFLO) PROJECT: AN INTRODUCTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

No complete mathematical model of offshore wind farm O&M costs has been found in the literature. Many studies expensive components of an offshore wind farm. Support structure, O&M, and wake models have been discussedOFFSHORE WIND FARM LAYOUT OPTIMIZATION (OWFLO) PROJECT: AN INTRODUCTION C. N. Elkinton* , J. F

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

411

An introduction to R Course in Practical Microarray  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to efficiently produce, load and keep consistent software libraries from (many) different sources / authors oAn introduction to R Course in Practical Microarray Analysis Heidelberg 23.-27.9.2002 Wolfgang;R, S and S-plus S: an interactive environment for data analysis developed at Bell Laboratories since

Dai, Yang

412

INTRODUCTION The Great Basin Center for Geothermal Energy (GBCGE)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in part- nership with U.S. industry to establish geothermal energy as a sustainable, environmentally sound, economically competitive contributor to energy supply in the western United States by (1) providing neededINTRODUCTION The Great Basin Center for Geothermal Energy (GBCGE) was established at the University

Arehart, Greg B.

413

Ris Energy Report 5 Innovation in energy technologies 21 Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ris√ł Energy Report 5 Innovation in energy technologies 21 5 Introduction Innovation in energy in clean-energy research at the Us Department of Energy [1]. The European Union in its seventh Framework Pro- gramme is expected to increase energy R&D budgets, not only for reasons of energy and climate

414

ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN HOMES: AN INTRODUCTION AND STUDY PROPOSAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN HOMES: AN INTRODUCTION AND STUDY PROPOSAL MAY 2, 2006 PREPARED BY MEMBERS;Weiss Urban Livability Fellowship Report ­ 1 ­ Energy Efficiency Overview and Case Study ENERGY EFFICIENCY: AN OVERVIEW In homes across the country, energy is wasted prolifically. In the winter, heat wafts

Crews, Stephen

415

Energy Demand Modelling Introduction to the PhD project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Demand Modelling Introduction to the PhD project Erika Zvingilaite Ris√ł DTU System Analysis for optimization of energy systems Environmental effects Global externalities cost of CO2 Future scenarios for the Nordic energy systems 2010, 2020, 2030, 2040, 2050 (energy-production, consumption, emissions, net costs

416

1. Introduction The equilibrium temperature and pressure of a gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a storage tank of known, and essentially fixed, volume can be used to calculate consumption. Equations1. Introduction The equilibrium temperature and pressure of a gas before and after usage within of state for calculating the thermodynamic properties generally provide the pres- sure as a function

Magee, Joseph W.

417

1 INTRODUCTION Renewable energy is getting more and more im-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 INTRODUCTION Renewable energy is getting more and more im- portant as a solution for the climate); these two issues mine the reliability of the renewable energy. In this work, we deal with the first one of the energy source (the amount of energy daily available can vary a lot from one season to another at the same

418

INTRODUCTION In order to allow intelligent power control and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

will complement and draw on the contributions of the SGIP's Smart Grid Architecture Committee (SGAC). #12;Figure 3 components. Each organization must develop a security architecture for each Smart Grid information system Introduction to NISTIR 7628 Guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber Security The Smart Grid

Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

419

Process for stabilization of coal liquid fractions  

SciTech Connect

Coal liquid fractions to be used as fuels are stabilized against gum formation and viscosity increases during storage, permitting the fuel to be burned as is, without further expensive treatments to remove gums or gum-forming materials. Stabilization is accomplished by addition of cyclohexanol or other simple inexpensive secondary and tertiary alcohols, secondary and tertiary amines, and ketones to such coal liquids at levels of 5-25% by weight with respect to the coal liquid being treated. Cyclohexanol is a particularly effective and cost-efficient stabilizer. Other stabilizers are isopropanol, diphenylmethanol, tertiary butanol, dipropylamine, triethylamine, diphenylamine, ethylmethylketone, cyclohexanone, methylphenylketone, and benzophenone. Experimental data indicate that stabilization is achieved by breaking hydrogen bonds between phenols in the coal liquid, thereby preventing or retarding oxidative coupling. In addition, it has been found that coal liquid fractions stabilized according to the invention can be mixed with petroleum-derived liquid fuels to produce mixtures in which gum deposition is prevented or reduced relative to similar mixtures not containing stabilizer.

Davies, Geoffrey (Boston, MA); El-Toukhy, Ahmed (Alexandria, EG)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Fractionating Recalcitrant Lignocellulose at Modest Reaction Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effectively releasing the locked polysaccharides from recalcitrant lignocellulose to fermentable sugars is among the greatest technical and economic barriers to the realization of lignocellulose biorefineries because leading lignocellulose pre-treatment technologies suffer from low sugar yields, and/or severe reaction conditions, and/or high cellulase use, narrow substrate applicability, and high capital investment, etc. A new lignocellulose pre-treatment featuring modest reaction conditions (50 C and atmospheric pressure) was demonstrated to fractionate lignocellulose to amorphous cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, and acetic acid by using a non-volatile cellulose solvent (concentrated phosphoric acid), a highly volatile organic solvent (acetone), and water. The highest sugar yields after enzymatic hydrolysis were attributed to no sugar degradation during the fractionation and the highest enzymatic cellulose digestibility ({approx}97% in 24 h) during the hydrolysis step at the enzyme loading of 15 filter paper units of cellulase and 60 IU of beta-glucosidase per gram of glucan. Isolation of high-value lignocellulose components (lignin, acetic acid, and hemicellulose) would greatly increase potential revenues of a lignocellulose biorefinery.

Zhang, Y.-H. Percival [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Ding, Shi-You [National Energy Renewable Laboratory; Mielenz, Jonathan R [ORNL; Cui, Jing-Biao [Dartmouth College; Elander, Richard T. [Dartmouth College; Laser, Mark [Dartmouth College; Himmel, Michael [ORNL; McMillan, James R. [National Energy Renewable Laboratory; Lynd, L. [Dartmouth College

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "introduction year fractional" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Tank SY-101 void fraction instrument functional design criteria  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document presents the functional design criteria for design, analysis, fabrication, testing, and installation of a void fraction instrument for Tank SY-101. This instrument will measure the void fraction in the waste in Tank SY-101 at various elevations.

McWethy, L.M.

1994-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

422

IntroductionIntroduction The use of small scale vertical axis wind turbinesThe use of small scale vertical axis wind turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IntroductionIntroduction The use of small scale vertical axis wind turbinesThe use of small scale vertical axis wind turbines (VAWT) is being studied at McMaster University using(VAWT) is being studied

Tullis, Stephen

423

5.3.3.4. Fractional factorial designs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Full factorial experiments can require many runs, The ASQC (1983) Glossary & Tables for Statistical Quality Control defines fractional factorial ...

2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

424

Self-similarity in financial markets: A fractionally integrated approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study discussed the self-similar processes using the fractionally integrated methodology in three selected global financial equity markets. Under the heavy-tailed assumption, the symmetric and asymmetric fractionally integrated time varying volatility ... Keywords: Econophysics, Financial time series, Fractionally integrated model, Long memory process, Self-similarity

Chin Wen Cheong

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Some Applications of the Fractional Poisson Probability Distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical and mathematical applications of fractional Poisson probability distribution have been presented. As a physical application, a new family of quantum coherent states has been introduced and studied. As mathematical applications, we have discovered and developed the fractional generalization of Bell polynomials, Bell numbers, and Stirling numbers. Appearance of fractional Bell polynomials is natural if one evaluates the diagonal matrix element of the evolution operator in the basis of newly introduced quantum coherent states. Fractional Stirling numbers of the second kind have been applied to evaluate skewness and kurtosis of the fractional Poisson probability distribution function. A new representation of Bernoulli numbers in terms of fractional Stirling numbers of the second kind has been obtained. A representation of Schlafli polynomials in terms of fractional Stirling numbers of the second kind has been found. A new representations of Mittag-Leffler function involving fractional Bell polynomials and fractional Stirling numbers of the second kind have been discovered. Fractional Stirling numbers of the first kind have been introduced and studied. Two new polynomial sequences associated with fractional Poisson probability distribution have been launched and explored. The relationship between new polynomials and the orthogonal Charlier polynomials has also been investigated. In the limit case when the fractional Poisson probability distribution becomes the Poisson probability distribution, all of the above listed developments and implementations turn into the well-known results of quantum optics, the theory of combinatorial numbers and the theory of orthogonal polynomials of discrete variable.

Nick Laskin

2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

426

1 EIND 371 Introduction to CIM Fall 2011 I&ME 371 Syllabus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 EIND 371 ­ Introduction to CIM ­ Fall 2011 I&ME 371 Syllabus Introduction to Computer Integrated of their proposed solutions to open-ended problems. #12;2 EIND 371 ­ Introduction to CIM ­ Fall 2011 Rules: 1 to the scale below. #12;3 EIND 371 ­ Introduction to CIM ­ Fall 2011 If the average class grade

Dyer, Bill

427

Fractional cut: Improved recursive bisection placement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present improvements to recursive bisection based placement. In contrast to prior work, our horizontal cut lines are not restricted to row boundaries; this avoids a ďnarrow regionĒ problem. To support these new cut line positions, a dynamic programming based legalization algorithm has been developed. The combination of these has improved the stability and lowered the wire lengths produced by our Feng Shui placement tool. On benchmarks derived from industry partitioning examples, our results are close to those of the annealing based tool Dragon, while taking only a fraction of the run time. On synthetic benchmarks, our wire lengths are nearly 23 % better than those of Dragon. For both benchmark suites, our results are substantially better than those of the recursive bisection based tool Capo and the analytic placement tool Kraftwerk. 1.

Ameya Agnihotri; Mehmet Can; Yildiz Ateen; Khatkhate Ajita; Mathur Satoshi; Ono Patrick; H. Madden

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

ABJ Fractional Brane from ABJM Wilson Loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new Fermi gas formalism for the ABJ matrix model. This formulation takes a form that identifies the effect of the fractional M2-brane in the ABJ matrix model as that of a composite Wilson loop operator in the corresponding ABJM matrix model. Using this formalism, we study the phase dependence of the ABJ partition function numerically and find a simple rule for it. We further compute first few exact values at some coupling constants. Fitting these exact values against the expected form of the grand potential we can write down the grand potential with exact coefficients. The results at various coupling constants enable us to conjecture an explicit form of the grand potential for general coupling constants. This matches with a natural generalization of the perturbative sum, worldsheet instantons and bound states from the ABJM matrix model, but contains a minor difference in the membrane instantons.

Sho Matsumoto; Sanefumi Moriyama

2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

429

Fractional diffusion modeling of ion channel gating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An anomalous diffusion model for ion channel gating is put forward. This modeling scheme is able to describe the non-exponential, power-law like gating behavior of residence time intervals in several types of ion channels. Our scheme presents a generalization of the discrete diffusion model by Millhauser, Salpeter and Oswald [Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 85, 1503 (1988)] to the case of a continuous, anomalously slow conformational diffusion. The corresponding generalization is derived from a continuous time random walk composed of nearest neighbor jumps which in the scaling limit results in a fractional diffusion equation. The studied model contains three parameters only: the mean residence time, a characteristic time of conformational diffusion, and the index of subdiffusion. A tractable analytical expression for the characteristic function of the residence time distribution (RTD) is obtained. In the limiting case of normal diffusion a prior result of Goychuk and Hanggi [Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99, 3552 (20...

Goychuk, I; Goychuk, Igor; Hanggi, Peter

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

The National Energy Modeling System: An Overview 1998 - Introduction  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION blueball.gif (205 bytes) Purpose of NEMS blueball.gif (205 bytes) Representations of Energy Market blueball.gif (205 bytes) Technology Representation blueball.gif (205 bytes) External Availability The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer-based, energy-economy modeling system of U.S. energy markets for the midterm period through 2020. NEMS projects the production, imports, conversion, consumption, and prices of energy, subject to assumptions on macroeconomic and financial factors, world energy markets, resource availability and costs, behavioral and technological choice criteria, cost and performance characteristics of energy technologies, and demographics. NEMS was designed and implemented by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the U.S.

431

Introduction to Tc/I in Hanford Flowsheet  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Introduction to Tc/I in Hanford Introduction to Tc/I in Hanford Flowsheet Gary Smith Office of Waste Processing (EM-31) November 18, 2010 2 Rough Flowsheet Diagram Tank Farm Evaporator Pretreatment Evaporator IDF ETF HLW LAW Vit Secondary SBS WESP Melter Supplemental ? Repository Secondary -Caustic Scrub (LAW Vit) -HEPA Filters -Carbon Beds -Silver Mordenite (HLW Vit) -Other operating wastes Recycle Options * Continuous recycle of the SBS/WESP bottoms from LAW vitrification are assumed in baseline - could consider purges and breaking of the recycle loop (e.g., off-gas scrub sent to secondary waste treatment, portions diverted to HLW vitrification facility, or supplemental LAW treatment) * WTP mass balance assumes no recycle from supplemental treatment - many estimates have been made on the impacts of scrub solution recycle if

432

Introduction to Distributed Generation and the CERTS Microgrid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Introduction to Distributed Generation and the CERTS Microgrid Introduction to Distributed Generation and the CERTS Microgrid Speaker(s): Chris Marnay Date: December 3, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Kristina LaCommare This is a first in a series of at least 5 seminars around the winter break to survey Distributed Energy Resources (DER) research questions and various Berkeley capabilities available to address them. The electricity industry in industrialized countries may be about to reverse a century long trend towards ever larger scale, ever more centrally controlled power systems. The emergence of technologies that are competitive at small scales, close to loads, in large part because of the opportunities created to capture waste heat and locally control power quality might signal a radical

433

The Dirac equation in Rindler space: A pedagogical introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A pedagogical introduction to the Dirac equation for massive particles in Rindler space is presented. The spin connection coefficients are explicitly derived using techniques from general relativity. We then apply the Lagrange-Green identity to greatly simplify calculation of the inner products needed to normalize the states. Finally, the Bogolubov coefficients relating the Rindler and Minkowski modes are derived in an intuitive manner. These derivations are useful for students interested in learning about quantum field theory in a curved space-time.

David McMahon; Paul M. Alsing; Pedro Embid

2006-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

434

EIA - Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2009 - Introduction  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Introduction Introduction Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Introduction This report presents the major assumptions of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) used to generate the projections in the Annual Energy Outlook 2009 (AEO2009),1 including general features of the model structure, assumptions concerning energy markets, and the key input data and parameters that are the most significant in formulating the model results. Detailed documentation of the modeling system is available in a series of documentation reports.2 The National Energy Modeling System The projections in the AEO2009 were produced with the NEMS, which is developed and maintained by the Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide projections of domestic energy-economy markets in the long term and perform policy analyses requested by decisionmakers in the White House, U.S. Congress, offices within the Department of Energy, including DOE Program Offices, and other government agencies. The Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) projections are also used by analysts and planners in other government agencies and outside organizations.

435

EIA - Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2010 - Introduction  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Introduction Introduction Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2010 Introduction This report presents the major assumptions of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) used to generate the projections in the Annual Energy Outlook 2010 [1] (AEO2010), including general features of the model structure, assumptions concerning energy markets, and the key input data and parameters that are the most significant in formulating the model results. Detailed documentation of the modeling system is available in a series of documentation reports [2]. The National Energy Modeling System The projections in the AEO2010 were produced with the NEMS, which is developed and maintained by the Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide projections of domestic energy-economy markets in the long term and perform policy analyses requested by decisionmakers in the White House, U.S. Congress, offices within the Department of Energy, including DOE Program Offices, and other government agencies. The Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) projections are also used by analysts and planners in other government agencies and outside organizations.

436

EIA - Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2008 - Introduction  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Introduction Introduction Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2008 Introduction This report presents the major assumptions of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) used to generate the projections in the Annual Energy Outlook 20081 (AEO2008), including general features of the model structure, assumptions concerning energy markets, and the key input data and parameters that are the most significant in formulating the model results. Detailed documentation of the modeling system is available in a series of documentation reports.2 The National Energy Modeling System The projections in the AEO2008 were produced with the NEMS, which is developed and maintained by the Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide projections of domestic energy-economy markets in the long term and perform policy analyses requested by decisionmakers in the White House, U.S. Congress, offices within the Department of Energy, including DOE Program Offices, and other government agencies. The AEO projections are also used by analysts and planners in other government agencies and outside organizations.

437

EIA - The National Energy Modeling System: An Overview 2003-Introduction  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Introduction Introduction The National Energy Modeling System: An Overview 2003 Introduction The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer-based, energy-economy modeling system of U.S. energy markets for the midterm period through 2025. NEMS projects the production, imports, conversion, consumption, and prices of energy, subject to assumptions on macroeconomic and financial factors, world energy markets, resource availability and costs, behavioral and technological choice criteria, cost and performance characteristics of energy technologies, and demographics. NEMS was designed and implemented by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The National Energy Modeling System: An Overview 2003 presents an overview of the structure and methodology of NEMS and each of its components. This chapter provides a description of the design and objectives of the system, followed by a chapter on the overall modeling structure and solution algorithm. The remainder of the report summarizes the methodology and scope of the component modules of NEMS. The model descriptions are intended for readers familiar with terminology from economics, operations research, and energy modeling. More detailed model documentation reports for all the NEMS modules are also available from EIA (Appendix, ¬ďBibliography¬Ē).

438

Introduction to structural failure modes for nuclear power facilities  

SciTech Connect

This introduction provides a background of the evaluation methods for earthquakes larger than design basis. Seismic probabilistic risk assessment (SPRA) and seismic margin assessment (SMA) methods are introduced to the reader. The basic parameters used to define seismic capacity for each method are explained. The objectives of both evaluation methods and how they can be used to evaluate the adequacy of a seismic design are discussed. General issues related to computing seismic capacity are reviewed relative to SPRA and SMA. Four companion papers presented in the journal following this introduction discuss the types of information (i.e., dynamic tests, earthquake experience, and analytical data) that are used to determine the real capacity of structures and equipment in nuclear power plants to resist earthquakes. The motivation for discussing these three types of information is presented as an introduction to these papers that following in this journal edition. The purpose of the present paper is to lay the groundwork and provide motivation for these papers.

Reed, J.W. (Jack R. Benjamin and Associates, Inc., Mountain View, CA (United States)); Gurbuz, O. (Bechtel Corp., Norwalk, CA (United States))

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Fractional Calculus in Hydrologic Modeling: A Numerical Perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fractional derivatives can be viewed either as a handy extension of classical calculus or, more deeply, as mathematical operators defined by natural phenomena. This follows the view that the diffusion equation is defined as the governing equation of a Brownian motion. In this paper, we emphasize that fractional derivatives come from the governing equations of stable Levy motion, and that fractional integration is the corresponding inverse operator. Fractional integration, and its multi-dimensional extensions derived in this way, are intimately tied to fractional Brownian (and Levy) motions and noises. By following these general principles, we discuss the Eulerian and Lagrangian numerical solutions to fractional partial differential equations, and Eulerian methods for stochastic integrals. These numerical approximations illuminate the essential nature of the fractional calculus.

David A. Benson; Mark M. Meerschaert; Jordan Revielle

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 4,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 4, January 2003 Daniel A year of a multi-year remote sensing study in the Denver area. The remote sensor used in this study channel was somewhat significant. #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the Denver Area: Year 4 2 INTRODUCTION

Denver, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "introduction year fractional" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Airborne Release Fractions/Rates and Respirable Fractions for Nonreactor Nuclear Facilities, Volume 1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TS NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-HDBK-3010-94 December 1994 Reaffirmed 2013 DOE HANDBOOK AIRBORNE RELEASE FRACTIONS/RATES AND RESPIRABLE FRACTIONS FOR NONREACTOR NUCLEAR FACILITIES Volume I - Analysis of Experimental Data U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; (615) 576-8401. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 487-4650.

442

Airborne Release Fractions/Rates and Respirable Fractions for Nonreactor Nuclear Facilities, Volume II  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TS NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-HDBK-3010-94 December 1994 Reaffirmed 2013 DOE HANDBOOK AIRBORNE RELEASE FRACTIONS/RATES AND RESPIRABLE FRACTIONS FOR NONREACTOR NUCLEAR FACILITIES Volume II - Appendices U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; (615) 576-8401. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 487-4650. Order No. DE95004711 DOE-HDBK-3010-94

443

Fractionalization of Interstitials in Curved Colloidal Crystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding the out-of equilibrium behaviour of point defects in crystals, yields insights into the nature and fragility of the ordered state, as well as being of great practical importance. In some rare cases defects are spontaneously healed - a one-dimensional crystal formed by a line of identical charged particles, for example, can accommodate an interstitial (extra particle) by a re-adjusting all particle positions to even out the spacing. In sharp contrast, particles organized into a perfect hexagonal crystal in the plane cannot accommodate an interstitial by a simple re-adjustment of the particle spacing - the interstitial remains instead trapped between lattice sites and diffuses by hopping, leaving the crystal permanently defected. Here we report on the behavior of interstitials in colloidal crystals on curved surfaces. Using optical tweezers operated independently of three dimensional imaging, we insert a colloidal interstitial in a lattice of similar particles on flat and curved (positively and negatively) oil-glycerol interfaces and image the ensuing dynamics. We find that, unlike in flat space, the curved crystals self-heal through a collective rearrangement that re-distributes the increased density associated with the interstitial. The self-healing process can be interpreted in terms of an out of equilibrium interaction of topological defects with each other and with the underlying curvature. Our observations suggest the existence of "particle fractionalization" on curved surface crystals.

William T. M. Irvine; Mark J. Bowick; Paul M. Chaikin

2013-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

444

Microsoft Word - S08237_FY11 Year-End AST  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2011 Year-End Summary Report September 2011 LMS/ESL/S08237 ESL-RPT-2011-04 This page intentionally left blank LMS/ESL/S08237 ESL-RPT-2011-04 Applied Science and Technology Task Order Fiscal Year 2011 Year-End Summary Report September 2011 This page intentionally left blank U.S. Department of Energy Applied Science and Technology Task Order FY 2011 Year-End Summary Report September 2011 Doc. No. S08237 Page i Contents Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................. iii 1.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................1

445

Power-law Spatial Dispersion from Fractional Liouville Equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A microscopic model in the framework of fractional kinetics to describe spatial dispersion of power-law type is suggested. The Liouville equation with the Caputo fractional derivatives is used to obtain the power-law dependence of the absolute permittivity on the wave vector. The fractional differential equations for electrostatic potential in the media with power-law spatial dispersion are derived. The particular solutions of these equations for the electric potential of point charge in this media are considered.

Vasily E. Tarasov

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

446

Renewables Portfolio Standards: A Factual Introduction toExperience from the United States  

SciTech Connect

Renewables portfolio standards (RPS) have--since the late 1990s--proliferated at the state level in the United States. What began as a policy idea minted in California and first described in detail in the pages of the 'Electricity Journal' FPT has emerged as an important driver for renewable energy capacity additions in the United States. Over the years, articles in the 'Electricity Journal' have explored the RPS in more detail, identifying both its strengths and weaknesses. The present article provides an introduction to the history, concept, and design of the RPS, reviews early experience with the policy as applied at the state level, and provides a brief overview of Federal RPS proposals to date and the possible relationship between Federal and state RPS policies. Our purpose is to offer a factual introduction to the RPS, as applied and considered in the U.S. Though elements of state RPS design are summarized here, other publications provide a more thorough review of design lessons that emerge from that experience. In addition, the present article does not describe the results of economic analyses of Federal RPS proposals, though we do cite many of the analyses conducted by the U.S. DOE's Energy Information Administration (EIA).

Wiser, R.; Namovicz, C.; Gielecki, M.; Smith, R.

2007-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

447

Quantitative Determination of Twin Volume Fraction in TWIP Steels ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By using a newly developed low-accelerating-voltage high-resolution EBSD technique, the nanotwin volume fraction can be quantitatively determined, leading†...

448

Long-Range Transport and Global Fractionation of Persistent Organic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Long-Range Transport and Global Fractionation of Persistent Organic Pollutants: Insights from Multimedia Modeling Studies Speaker(s): Martin Scheringer Date: July 10, 2003 -...

449

EIA-800 WEEKLY REFINERY AND FRACTIONATOR REPORT INSTRUCTIONS  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA-800, Weekly Refinery and Fractionator Report Page 3 Crude Oil (Code 050) Report all refinery input of domestic and foreign crude oil (including ...

450

Study of the Relationship between Twin Boundary Fraction and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The twin boundary fraction, given as multiples of random distribution (MRD), ... Strain Gradient and Degradation in Magnetic Properties: Focus Transformer Steel.

451

9 Effect of press nip geometry on density 9.1 Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

including it would increase the void fraction available to flow inside the fibres by decreasing the void dewatering model distinguishes between the void fraction available to flow in the inter-fibre pore space and the void fraction available to flow in the intra-fibre pore space. These void fractions are limited

Groningen, Rijksuniversiteit

452

Introduction THE YERINGTON DISTRICT, Nevada, contains porphyry Cu(Mo),  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. This is necessarily a brief progress re- port drawn from 35 years of geologic research sponsored by the Anaconda

Barton, Mark D.

453

NETL: SECA - A Primer on SOFC Technology - Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) A Primer on SOFC Technology Table of Contents Introduction Principles of Operation Cell, Stack, and Module Description SOFC Power Systems Summary & Conclusions Introduction A fuel cell converts the chemical energy stored in gaseous fuel (e.g., H2, CO, CH4, etc.) to DC electricity and thermal energy. The cell consists of a positive electrode (cathode or air electrode), a negative electrode (anode or fuel electrode), and an electrolyte, sandwiched between the two electrodes. The electrodes are electronic (e-) conductors, and the electrolyte is an ionic conductor, but not a conductor of electrons. (As discussed in a later section, an interconnect is required when two or more cells are to be connected in electrical series.) Fuel cells are named after their electrolyte material, the selection of which will dictate the cell operating temperature. Two common, low temperature fuel cells are the Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM), which operates at ~100¬įC, and the Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell (PAFC), which operates at ~200¬įC. The PEM and PAFC electrolytes conduct the hydrogen ion (H+).

454

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2000 - Introduction  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Introduction Introduction This paper presents the major assumptions of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) used to generate the projections in the Annual Energy Outlook 20001 (AEO2000), including general features of the model structure, assumptions concerning energy markets, and the key input data and parameters that are most significant in formulating the model results. Detailed documentation of the modeling system is available in a series of documentation reports.2 A synopsis of NEMS, the model components, and the interrelationships of the modules is presented in The National Energy Modeling System: An Overview.3 The National Energy Modeling System The projections in the AEO2000 were produced with the National Energy Modeling System. NEMS is developed and maintained by the Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide projections of domestic energy-economy markets in the midterm time period and perform policy analyses requested by decisionmakers and analysts in the U.S. Congress, the Department of Energy’s Office of Policy, other DOE offices, and other government agencies.

455

Report on Competitive Sourcing Results Fiscal Year 2005  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 April 2006 Executive Office of the President Office of Management and Budget Table of Contents Executive Summary ...................................................................................................1 Introduction ................................................................................................................3 Part I. FY 2005 activities and three-year trends .......................................................3 A. Use of competition............................................................................................3 1. Level of competition ......................................................................................3 2. Activities competed........................................................................................9

456

3 Year Review of Genetics White Paper Wellcome Trust Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3 Year Review of Genetics White Paper Wellcome Trust Response 1 November 2006 Introduction 1 since publication of the 2003 Genetics White Paper (the White Paper). Key areas for improvement. However, one area that was not mentioned in the original White Paper that could have a major impact

Rambaut, Andrew

457

Introduction to the Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) Webinar, January 15, 2009  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Jim Quinn Jim Quinn Industrial Technologies Program U.S. Department of Energy Introduction to the Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) Webinar January 15, 2009 2 U.S. Industry and Energy Use R&D Program Technology Delivery Partnerships Energy Management Approach Opportunities Outline 3 Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) Mission Improve national energy security, climate, environment, and economic competitiveness by transforming the way U.S. industry uses energy. 4 Industry: Key to U.S. Economic & Energy Security U.S. manufacturing sector * Consumes more energy than any other economic sector (~32 quads) * Produces about 1,670 MMT CO 2 per year from energy use * Makes highest contribution to GDP (12%) * Produces nearly a quarter of world manufacturing output * Supplies >60% of US exports, worth $50

458

A Brief Introduction to the Color Glass Condensate and the Glasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I provide a brief introduction to the theoretical ideas and phenomenological motivation for the Color Glass Condensate and the Glasma

Larry McLerran

2008-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

459

The discrete fractional random cosine and sine transforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on the discrete fractional random transform (DFRNT), we present the discrete fractional random cosine and sine transforms (DFRNCT and DFRNST). We demonstrate that the DFRNCT and DFRNST can be regarded as special kinds of DFRNT and thus their mathematical properties are inherited from the DFRNT. Numeral results of DFRNCT and DFRNST for one and two dimensional functions have been given.

Zhengjun Liu; Qing Guo; Shutian Liu

2006-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

460

Fractional dynamics and MDS visualization of earthquake phenomena  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper analyses earthquake data in the perspective of dynamical systems and fractional calculus (FC). This new standpoint uses Multidimensional Scaling (MDS) as a powerful clustering and visualization tool. FC extends the concepts of integrals and ... Keywords: Correlation indices, Fractional calculus, Multidimensional scaling, Seismic events

AntůNio M. Lopes, J. A. Tenreiro Machado, C. M. A. Pinto, A. M. S. F. Galhano

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "introduction year fractional" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

A Note Basis Properties for Fractional Hydrogen Atom Equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, spectral analysis of fractional Sturm Liouville problem defined on (0,1], having the singularity of type at zero and research the fundamental properties of the eigenfunctions and eigenvalues for the operator. We show that the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of the problem are real and orthogonal, respectively. Furthermore,we give some important theorems and lemmas for fractional hydrogen atom equation.

E. Bas; F. Metin

2013-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

462

Robert B. Laughlin and the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Robert B. Laughlin and the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect Robert B. Laughlin and the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect Resources with Additional Information Robert B. Laughlin Photo Courtesy of LLNL Robert B. Laughlin shared the 1998 Nobel Prize in Physics with Horst L. Störmer and Daniel C. Tsui for 'their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations'. ' ... [I]n 1982 ... Störmer and Tsui discovered the effect. In 1983, Laughlin, then at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, provided the theoretical explanation of the effect in terms of fractionally charged particles. It was a "confluence of things from engineering that prepared me for understanding the fractional quantum Hall effect and coming up with an explanation," Laughlin said during a television interview at Stanford. ...

463

Introduction Multi-Year Research, Development and Demonstration Plan Page 1 -1Multi-Year Research, Development and Demonstration Plan Page 1 -1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. These activities include cost-shared, public-private partnerships to address the high-risk, critical technology

464

Warren T. Wood, L. Dale Bibee, Edward F. Braithwaite Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deployment of a Deep-water Seafloor Sound Source Deployment of a Deep-water Seafloor Sound Source Warren T. Wood, L. Dale Bibee, Edward F. Braithwaite Introduction With funding from DOE-NETL, the Naval Research Laboratory's deep-towed acoustic geophysics system (DTAGS) was outfitted to be set directly on the seafloor with the intent of more efficiently generating shear wave energy in the seafloor. We altered the existing DTAGS by adding a releasable landing shoe, and a geophone array that used existing data telemetry. The modified system was deployed in March of 2010 in about 900m of water near the site of the University of Mississippi's gas hydrate observatory in lease block

465

Portsmouth DUF6 Conversion Final EIS - Chapter 1: Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Portsmouth DUF Portsmouth DUF 6 Conversion Final EIS 1 INTRODUCTION Over the last five decades, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has enriched large quantities of uranium for nuclear applications by means of gaseous diffusion. This enrichment has taken place at three DOE sites located at Paducah, Kentucky; Portsmouth, Ohio; and the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP, formerly known as the K-25 site) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee (Figure 1-1). "Depleted" uranium hexafluoride (commonly referred to as DUF 6 ) is a product of this process. It is being stored at the three sites. The total DUF 6 inventory at the three sites weighs approximately 700,000 metric tons (t) (770,000 short tons [tons]) 1 and is stored in about 60,000 steel cylinders. This document is a site-specific

466

Introduction to Khovanov Homologies. II. Reduced Jones superpolynomials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A second part of detailed elementary introduction into Khovanov homologies. This part is devoted to reduced Jones superpolynomials. The story is still about a hypercube of resolutions of a link diagram. Each resolution is a collection of non-intersecting cycles, and one associates a 2-dimensional vector space with each cycle. Reduced superpolynomial arises when for all cycles, containing a "marked" edge of the link diagram, the vector space is reduced to 1-dimensional. The rest remains the same. Edges of the hypercube are associated with cut-and-join operators, acting on the cycles. Superpartners of these operators can be combined into differentials of a complex, and superpolynomial is the Poincare polynomial of this complex. HOMFLY polynomials are practically the same in reduced and unreduced case, but superpolynomials are essentially different, already in the simplest examples of trefoil and figure-eight knot.

Dolotin, V

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Introduction - Strong interaction in the nuclear medium: new trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent achievements in nuclear forces theory open new perspectives for the next decade of low energy nuclear physics, bringing together people from very different communities. Although many developments remain to be done, the possibility to directly use QCD to describe nuclear system is a major challenge that is within reach. In this introduction to the 2009 International Joliot-Curie School (EJC2009), new trends in the strong nuclear interaction are summarized starting from quarks and ending with finite or infinite nuclear systems. At different energy scales, selected new concepts and ideas have been discussed in a rather simple way. Recent advances in the theory of nuclear forces, thanks to chiral perturbation and effective field theories, have led to a new generation of strong nuclear interaction particularly suited to low energy nuclear physics. The interesting aspects of new interactions compared to conventional forces are underlined. Recent achievements in ab initio theories that directly start from the...

Lacroix, Denis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Updating the Electric Grid: An Introduction to Non-Transmission  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Updating the Electric Grid: Updating the Electric Grid: An Introduction to Non-Transmission Alternatives for Policymakers Prepared by The National Council on Electricity Policy September 2009 NATIONAL COUNCIL ON ELECTRICITY POLICY MEMBER ORGANIZATIONS The National Council on Electricity Policy (National Council) is a unique venture between the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC), the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO), the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL), National Association of Clean Air Agencies (NACAA) and the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices (NGA). The National Council also includes participation by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the U.S. Environment Protection Agency (EPA). Established in

469

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 1999 - Introduction  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

link.gif (1946 bytes) link.gif (1946 bytes) bullet1.gif (843 bytes) Assumptions to the AEO99 bullet1.gif (843 bytes) Supplemental Tables to the AEO99 bullet1.gif (843 bytes) To Forecasting Home Page bullet1.gif (843 bytes) EIA Homepage introduction.gif (4117 bytes) This paper presents the major assumptions of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) used to generate the projections in the Annual Energy Outlook 19991 (AEO99), including general features of the model structure, assumptions concerning energy markets, and the key input data and parameters that are most significant in formulating the model results. Detailed documentation of the modeling system is available in a series of documentation reports.2 A synopsis of NEMS, the model components, and the interrelationships of the modules is presented in The National Energy Modeling System: An Overview.3

470

Chapter 1 - Introduction and Statement of Purpose and Need  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1-1 1-1 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION AND STATEMENT OF PURPOSE AND NEED The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing to construct and operate an Actinide Chemistry and Repository Science Laboratory (ACRSL) to support chemical research activities related to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) near Carlsbad, New Mexico. The laboratory would be located on New Mexico State University property adjacent to the existing Carlsbad Environmental Monitoring and Research Center (CEMRC) in Carlsbad, New Mexico. Figure 1-1 shows the locations of the CEMRC and WIPP sites and the community of Los Alamos within the state of New Mexico. DOE has prepared this environmental assessment (EA) to assess the potential environmental impacts associated with the proposed laboratory and reasonable alternatives. The EA was prepared pursuant to the National

471

U. S, Sovernment purposes. Introduction Quadrupole Magnet Measurements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

he submitted manuscript has been authored he submitted manuscript has been authored by a contractor of the U. S. Government under· :;ontrae! No. W-31-109-ENG-38. Accordingly, the U. S. Government retains a nonexclusive, royalty·free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this c0ntribution, or allow others to do so, for U. S, Sovernment purposes. Introduction Quadrupole Magnet Measurements S.H.Kim lS- 166 This note describes a rotating coil probe of "radial-winding geometry· for the measurements of the magnetic center, quadrupole fields and multipole coefficients of quadrupole magnets. The active length of the coil is longer than the magnet length, so that all the measurements will be integrated values along the longitudinal direction of the magnets. Errors of the

472

HCEI Road Map and Introduction and Overview 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Edition Edition Introduction & Overview HCEI Road Map 12% 10% 8% 6% 4% 2% 0% 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 *Estimated HAWAII ENERGY COSTS BY PERCENT GDP 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% Hawaii Alaska Florida Lousiana Kentucky Montana Source: FIA 906 January - June 2010 PETROLEUM DEPENDENCE FOR ELECTRICITY TOP SIX STATES 0% Hawaii is the most petroleum-dependent state in the U.S. As a result, we have America's highest energy prices. Energy costs are 10% of our gross State product. Roughly 96% of the $4 billion we spend on petroleum not only leaves the State, but goes to countries in Asia and Africa. Hawaii's economic vitality is reduced by approximately $2.75 for every dollar that leaves our islands. This is a result of a multiplier effect that impacts

473

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2002 - Introduction  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Introduction This report presents the major assumptions of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) used to generate the projections in the Annual Energy Outlook 20021 (AEO2002), including general features of the model structure, assumptions concerning energy markets, and the key input data and parameters that are most significant in formulating the model results. Detailed documentation of the modeling system is available in a series of documentation reports.2 A synopsis of NEMS, the model components, and the interrelationships of the modules is presented in The National Energy Modeling System: An Overview.3 The National Energy Modeling System The projections in the AEO2002 were produced with the National Energy Modeling System. NEMS is developed and maintained by the Office of

474

Re: A BILATERAL DOE LABORATORY UTILIZATION AGREEMENT INTRODUCTION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Washington, DC 20585 Washington, DC 20585 Date: April (J 2010 Re: A BILATERAL DOE LABORATORY UTILIZATION AGREEMENT INTRODUCTION DOE encourages the collaboration between DOE Laboratories in order to further programmatic goals. This includes exchanging personnel between DOE laboratories to utilize the unique facilities of a particular Laboratory. There has been confusion and inconsistencies on what types of agreements, if any, that may be executed between two DOE laboratories. For example, some labs may not require any agreement while other labs have required agreements with indemnity or over-reaching intellectual property rights. THE AGREEMENT To promote a consistent approach to such collaboration, and after consultation with the laboratories we have developed the attached Bilateral DOE Laboratory Utilization Agreement

475

Introduction to Neutron and X-Ray Scattering  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scattering Studies of Thin Scattering Studies of Thin Polymer Films Introduction to Neutron and X-Ray Scattering Sunil K. Sinha UCSD/LANL Acknowledgements: Prof. R.Pynn( Indiana U.) Prof. M.Tolan (U. Dortmund) Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen 1845-1923 1895: Discovery of X-Rays 1901 W. C. Röntgen in Physics for the discovery of x-rays. 1914 M. von Laue in Physics for x-ray diffraction from crystals. 1915 W. H. Bragg and W. L. Bragg in Physics for crystal structure determination. 1917 C. G. Barkla in Physics for characteristic radiation of elements. 1924 K. M. G. Siegbahn in Physics for x-ray spectroscopy. 1927 A. H. Compton in Physics for scattering of x-rays by electrons. 1936 P. Debye in Chemistry for diffraction of x-rays and electrons in gases.

476

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2001 - Introduction  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Outlook2001 Outlook2001 Supplemental Data to the AEO2001 NEMS Conference To Forecasting Home Page EIA Homepage Introduction This report presents the major assumptions of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) used to generate the projections in the Annual Energy Outlook 20011 (AEO2001), including general features of the model structure, assumptions concerning energy markets, and the key input data and parameters that are most significant in formulating the model results. Detailed documentation of the modeling system is available in a series of documentation reports.2 A synopsis of NEMS, the model components, and the interrelationships of the modules is presented in The National Energy Modeling System: An Overview.3 The National Energy Modeling System The projections in the AEO2001 were produced with the National Energy

477

experience with the introduction of a pressure regulator system in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

of electrical energy and 3.656 million Gcal of thermal energy per year, with specific ..... pants in the Wholesale Market (established by the deputy execu-.

478

2009 Reporting Year  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

FRS Accumu- Book Value Year End Year's Foot Line # Gross Lated DD&A Net Additions DD&A of Disposals Other Balance Additions Other note Petroleum: A BCD E F G H IJ

479

Solid-State Lighting: April 2007 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

April 2007 Solid-State Lighting April 2007 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: April 2007 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: April 2007 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: April 2007 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: April 2007 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: April 2007 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: April 2007 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on

480

Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2011 Solid-State Lighting 2011 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: 2011 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "introduction year fractional" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Solid-State Lighting: July 2008 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

July 2008 Solid-State Lighting July 2008 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: July 2008 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: July 2008 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: July 2008 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: July 2008 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: July 2008 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: July 2008 Solid-State Lighting Market Introduction Workshop Materials on

482

Preliminary Results of Fractionated Stereotactic Radiotherapy After Cyst Drainage for Craniopharyngioma in Adults  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To retrospectively evaluate the effectiveness of fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) for craniopharyngioma. Methods and Materials: Between 1999 and 2005, 16 patients with craniopharyngioma were referred to Tokyo Medical University Hospital. They received FSRT alone after histologic confirmation by needle biopsy and underwent cyst drainage via endoscopy. The median prescription dose fraction was 30 Gy in six fractions. All patients except 1 were followed up until December 2009 or death. Results: The median follow-up period was 52 months (range, 4-117 months). Of the 17 patients, 3 experienced recurrence 4 to 71 months after FSRT. The 3-year local control rate was 82.4%. One patient died of thyroid cancer, and the 3-year survival rate was 94.1%. Eight patients had improved visual fields at a median of 2.5 months after FSRT, but hormonal functions did not improve in any patient. Conclusions: FSRT after cyst drainage seems to be safe and effective for patients with craniopharyngiomas, and it may be a safe alternative to surgery.

Kanesaka, Naoto, E-mail: kaneka@tokyo-med.ac.jp [Department of Radiology, Tokyo Medical University Hospital, Tokyo (Japan); Mikami, Ryuji; Nakayama, Hidetsugu; Nogi, Sachika; Tajima, Yu [Department of Radiology, Tokyo Medical University Hospital, Tokyo (Japan); Nakajima, Nobuyuki; Wada, Jun; Miki, Tamotsu; Haraoka, Jou [Department of Neurosurgery, Tokyo Medical University Hospital, Tokyo (Japan); Okubo, Mitsuru [Department of Radiology, Tokyo Medical University Hachioji Medical Center, Tokyo (Japan); Sugahara, Shinji [Department of Radiology, Tokyo Medical University Ibaraki Medical Center, Tokyo (Japan); Tokuuye, Koichi [Department of Radiology, Tokyo Medical University Hospital, Tokyo (Japan)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

483

Improved control strategies correct main fractionator operating problems  

SciTech Connect

Heat and mass balance control of refinery main fractionators can be improved through simple process design changes. Metering flows of internal reflux streams improves unit operability and controllability. Modifying the process system design to measure small internal reflux flow is another inexpensive way to control main fractionators. Three case histories show how simple design changes in refinery main fractionators can solve advanced control problems, thus changing product yields and improving refinery economics. The three cases are a delayed coker, a crude unit, and a FCC unit.

Golden, S.W. [Process Consulting Services Inc., Dallas, TX (United States)

1995-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

484

MIT Plasma Science & Fusion Center: research>alcator>introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

C-Mod Five Year Plan (2009-2013) Budget Planning Presentations C-Mod Graduate Student Research Alcator DX White Paper (Bibliography) X-Point Target Divertor in Alcator DX...

485

Simulation-based optimization: practical introduction to simulation optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The merging of optimization and simulation technologies has seen a rapid growth in recent years. A Google search on "Simulation Optimization" returns more than six thousand pages where this phrase appears. The content of these pages ranges from articles, ...

Jay April; Fred Glover; James P. Kelly; Manuel Laguna

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Maximum Likelihood Estimation Using Parallel Computing: An Introduction to MPI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The computational difficulty of econometric problems has increased dramatically in recent years as econometricians examine more complicated models and utilize more sophisticated estimation techniques. Many problems in econometrics are `embarrassingly ... Keywords: MPI, maximum likelihood estimation, parallel computing, parallel programming

Christopher A. Swann

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Imaging fractional incompressible stripes in integer quantum Hall systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transport experiments provide conflicting evidence on the possible existence of fractional order within integer quantum Hall systems. In fact integer edge states sometimes behave as monolithic objects with no inner structure, while other experiments clearly highlight the role of fractional substructures. Recently developed low-temperature scanning probe techniques offer today an opportunity for a deeper-than-ever investigation of spatial features of such edge systems. Here we use scanning gate microscopy and demonstrate that fractional features were unambiguously observed in every integer quantum Hall constriction studied. We present also an experimental estimate of the width of the fractional incompressible stripes corresponding to filling factors 1/3, 2/5, 3/5, and 2/3. Our results compare well with predictions of the edge-reconstruction theory.

Nicola Paradiso; Stefan Heun; Stefano Roddaro; Lucia Sorba; Fabio Beltram; Giorgio Biasiol; L. N. Pfeiffer; K. W. West

2012-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

488

Dynamic optimization of fractionation schedules in radiation therapy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we investigate the improvement in treatment effectiveness when dynamically optimizing the fractionation scheme in radiation therapy. In the first part of the thesis, we consider delivering a different dose ...

Ramakrishnan, Jagdish

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Mercury Isotope Fractionation by Environmental Transport and Transformation Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

isotope fractionation in fossil hydrothermal systems. Geology,isotopes: Evaporation, chemical diffusion and Soret diffusion. Chemical Geology,isotope records of atmospheric and riverine pollution from two major European heavy metal refineries. Chemical Geology,

Koster van Groos, Paul Gijsbert

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Thomson scattering diagnostic for the measurement of ion species fraction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simultaneous Thomson scattering measurements of collective electron-plasma and ion-acoustic fluctuations have been utilized to determine ion species fraction from laser produced CH plasmas. The CH{sub 2} foil is heated with 10 laser beams, 500 J per beam, at the Omega Laser facility. Thomson scattering measurements are made 4 mm from the foil surface using a 30 J 2{omega} probe laser with a 1 ns pulse length. Using a series of target shots the plasma evolution is measured from 2.5 ns to 9 ns after the rise of the heater beams. Measuring the electron density and temperature from the electron-plasma fluctuations constrains the fit of the two-ion species theoretical form factor for the ion feature such that the ion temperature, plasma flow velocity and ion species fraction are determined. The ion species fraction is determined to an accuracy of {+-}0.06 in species fraction.

Ross, J S; Park, H S; Amendt, A; Divol, L; Kugland, N L; Rozmus, W; Glenzer, S H

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Estimating Rainfall in the Tropics Using the Fractional Time Raining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationship between the fractional time raining and tropical rainfall amount is investigated using raingage data and a point process model of tropical rainfall. Both the strength and the nature of the relationship are dependent upon the ...

Mark L. Morrissey; Witold F. Krajewski; Michael J. McPhaden

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Introduction - Strong interaction in the nuclear medium: new trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent achievements in nuclear forces theory open new perspectives for the next decade of low energy nuclear physics, bringing together people from very different communities. Although many developments remain to be done, the possibility to directly use QCD to describe nuclear system is a major challenge that is within reach. In this introduction to the 2009 International Joliot-Curie School (EJC2009), new trends in the strong nuclear interaction are summarized starting from quarks and ending with finite or infinite nuclear systems. At different energy scales, selected new concepts and ideas have been discussed in a rather simple way. Recent advances in the theory of nuclear forces, thanks to chiral perturbation and effective field theories, have led to a new generation of strong nuclear interaction particularly suited to low energy nuclear physics. The interesting aspects of new interactions compared to conventional forces are underlined. Recent achievements in ab initio theories that directly start from the bare nucleon-nucleon interaction and their key role to understand the three-body force are illustrated. Finally, future perspectives for standard nuclear physics theories, namely Shell Model and Energy Density Functional, are discussed.

Denis Lacroix

2010-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

493

An Introduction to the Heavy Quark Effective Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

These lecture notes begin with a brief survey of the physics of heavy quark systems. This discusion motivates the introduction of the Heavy Quark Effective theory (HQET) which captures a great deal of the intuition developed. A derivation of the HQET from QCD is presented as well as an analysis of its special properties. The effective theory can be seen to amount to a one-dimensional field theory in the quark sector. The heavy quark flavour- and spin- symmetry of the effective lagrangian is an offspring of this. Other topics covered include the question of covariance of the theory, the construction of interpolating fields for the heavy hadron states, the application of LSZ reduction theorems to determine the (reduced) number of form factors in flavour changing transitions, a complete verification of Luke's theorem, plus the matching conditions between QCD and the HQET beyond tree level. These are an expanded version of lectures presented during the Trieste 1994 Summer school on High Energy physics.

F. Hussain; G. Thompson

1995-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

494

Introduction to the Biological Monitoring and Abatement Program  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides an introduction to a long-term biological monitoring program and the Environmental Management special issue titled Long-term Biological Monitoring of an Impaired Stream: Implications for Environmental Management. The Biological Monitoring and Abatement Program, or BMAP, was implemented to assess biological impairment downstream of U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) facilities in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, beginning in 1985. Several of the unique aspects of the program include its long-term consistent sampling, a focus on evaluating the effectiveness of specific facility abatement and remedial actions, and the use of quantitative sampling protocols using a multidisciplinary approach. This paper describes the need and importance of long-term watershed-based biological monitoring strategies, in particular for addressing long-term stewardship goals at DOE sites, and provides a summary of the BMAP's objectives, spatial and temporal extent, and overall focus. The primary components of the biological monitoring program for East Fork Poplar Creek in Oak Ridge, Tennessee are introduced, as are the additional 9 papers in this Environmental Management special issue.

Peterson, Mark J [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Method for facilitating the introduction of material into cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is a method for creating a localized disruption within a boundary of a cell or structure by exposing a boundary of a cell or structure to a set of energetically charged particles while regulating the energy of the charged particles so that the charged particles have an amount of kinetic energy sufficient to create a localized disruption within an area of the boundary of the cell or structure, then upon creation of the localized disruption, the amount of kinetic energy decreases to an amount insufficient to create further damage within the cell or structure beyond the boundary. The present invention is also a method for facilitating the introduction of a material into a cell or structure using the same methodology then further exciting the area of the boundary of the cell or structure where the localized disruption was created so to create a localized temporary opening within the boundary then further introducing the material through the temporary opening into the cell or structure.

Holcomb, David E. (Oak Ridge, TN); McKnight, Timothy E. (Greenback, TN)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Aerospace nuclear safety: An introduction and historical overview  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides an introduction and overview on the topical area of aerospace nuclear safety. Emphasis is on the history of the use of nuclear power sources in space, operational experience with these nuclear sources, a review of previous accidents associated with both U.S. and Russian launches, and the safety issues associated with the entire life cycle of space reactors. There are several potential missions to include near earth orbit, orbit-raising, lunar bases, and propulsion to such solar system locations as Mars, which are suitable for the use of space reactors. The process by which approval is obtained to launch these nuclear materials to space is also presented as well as the role of nuclear safety policy and requirements in a space program using nuclear power sources. Important differences in safety concerns for the Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTGs) now used, and space reactors are presented. The role and purpose of independent safety evaluation and assessment in ensuring safe launch and operation is also discussed. In summary, this paper provides the requisite framework in this topical area for the remaining papers of this session.

Lee, J.H.; Buden, D.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Introduction to the Theory of Neural Computation - Bibliography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction to the Theory of Neural Computation by John Hertz, Anders Krogh, and Richard Palmer (Addison-Wesley, 1991) Addison-Wesley holds the copyright on this material, but gives permission for free individual use. This does not cover any form of redistribution for sale or profit. Contact Addison-Wesley directly (e-mail D4065@applelink.apple.com) for more information. The book itself may be ordered directly from Addison-Wesley in the U.S. at 1--800--447--2226 (toll-free) or by mail from Addison-Wesley, The Advanced Book Program, 350 Bridge Parkway, Suite 209, Redwood City, CA 94065, U.S.A. The price is $29.95 paperbound (ISBN 0--201--51560--1) or $44.25 hardbound (ISBN 0--201--50395--6). Please quote the ISBN in your order and add local sales tax plus $2.00 (in the U.S.) or $5.00 (overseas airmail) for shipping and handling charges. Abu-Mostafa, Y.S. (1989). The Vapnik-Chervonenkis Dimension: Information versus Complexity in

John Hertz; Anders Krogh; Richard Palmer

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Welcome Remarks and Introduction from the DOE Under Secretary for Science, Steve Koonin (2011 EFRC Summit)  

SciTech Connect

In this video the DOE Under Secretary for Science, Steve Koonin, opened the 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum with welcoming remarks and an introduction of the keynote address. The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss "Science for our Nation's Energy Future." In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several ďgrand challengesĒ and use-inspired ďbasic research needsĒ recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate research that transforms the future of energy and the environment.

Koonin, Steve

2011-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

499

The fractional volatility model: An agent-based interpretation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on criteria of mathematical simplicity and consistency with empirical market data, a model with volatility driven by fractional noise has been constructed which provides a fairly accurate mathematical parametrization of the data. Here, some features of the model are discussed and, using agent-based models, one tries to find which agent strategies and (or) properties of the financial institutions might be responsible for the features of the fractional volatility model.

Mendes, R Vilela

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Atmospheric Mercury Deposition during the Last 270 Years: A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that were placed in an oven at 50 ¬įC overnight to ensure complete oxidation of all mercury species. Analysis requiring pollutant scrubbers that also likely remove a fraction of the Hg in flue gases. If so, the resultsAtmospheric Mercury Deposition during the Last 270 Years: A Glacial Ice Core Record of Natural