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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Shuttle Bus and Couriers | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shuttle Bus and Couriers Shuttle Bus and Couriers Shuttle Bus and Couriers Shuttle Bus Route and Schedule The DOE Shuttle Buses follow the same schedules between the two main Headquarters locations, Forrestal and Germantown. The buses start their routes at each Headquarters facility at the same times, see the schedule below. The subsequent stops at the other facilities are relative to the departure time of each route. Headquarters employees are reminded of the statutory provisions that authorize and limit the use of the shuttle bus service. Specific authority for the use of appropriated funds to pay for transportation for official purposes is contained in section 1344(a)(1) of Title 31, U.S. Code. Use of this transportation for any other purpose is inappropriate and against the

2

Intrastate Natural Gas Companies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SUMMARY: In this Final Rule, the Commission eliminates the semi-annual storage reporting requirements for Interstate and Intrastate Natural Gas Companies. The Commission finds that these particular reporting requirements are largely duplicative with other reporting requirements. EFFECTIVE DATE: This rule will become effective [insert date 60 days from publication in Federal Register].

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline Segment Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline Segment About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline Segment Overview Intrastate natural gas pipelines operate within State borders and link natural gas producers to local markets and to the interstate pipeline network. Approximately 29 percent of the total miles of natural gas pipeline in the U.S. are intrastate pipelines. Although an intrastate pipeline system is defined as one that operates totally within a State, an intrastate pipeline company may have operations in more than one State. As long as these operations are separate, that is, they do not physically interconnect, they are considered intrastate, and are not jurisdictional to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). More than 90 intrastate natural gas pipelines operate in the lower-48 States.

4

Intrastate Pipeline Safety (Minnesota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Intrastate Pipeline Safety (Minnesota) Intrastate Pipeline Safety (Minnesota) Intrastate Pipeline Safety (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Siting and Permitting These regulations provide standards for gas and liquid pipeline maintenance and operating procedures, per the Federal Hazardous Liquid and Natural Gas Pipeline Safety Acts, and give the commissioner of public safety the

5

Inspector General audit report on Transportation Safeguards Division courier work schedules and escort vehicle replacements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Office of Inspector General`s (OIG) April 1995 report found that couriers received too much overtime and incurred too much unproductive time. This finding occurred because the Transportation Safeguards Division (TSD) employed a traditional work schedule that did not meet the demands of the job. The report recommended implementing an alternative work schedule that corresponded more closely to the couriers` actual work requirements. Management agreed to conduct a comparative analysis of work schedules to evaluate potential savings. The objectives of this audit were to (1) follow up on actions taken as a result of the OIG`s previous report, (2) determine if courier work schedules are cost effective, and (3) determine the cost effectiveness of escort vehicle replacements. The authors recommend: (1) implementing an alternative work schedule for courier which would achieve savings in overtime and unproductive time, while efficiently and cost effectively fulfilling TSD`s mission; (2) reexamining and adjusting the staffing level of each courier section in relation to the workload requirements in the area; and (3) discontinuing payment for travel time between courier lodging and temporary duty stations. The Albuquerque Operations Office agreed with the auditor`s findings and recommendations.

NONE

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Water Quality Criteria for Intrastate, Interstate, and Coastal Water  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Quality Criteria for Intrastate, Interstate, and Coastal Quality Criteria for Intrastate, Interstate, and Coastal Water (Mississippi) Water Quality Criteria for Intrastate, Interstate, and Coastal Water (Mississippi) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Mississippi Program Type Environmental Regulations

7

Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Intrastate Regulatory Act (Florida) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transmission Pipeline Intrastate Regulatory Act Transmission Pipeline Intrastate Regulatory Act (Florida) Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Intrastate Regulatory Act (Florida) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Utility Program Info State Florida Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Florida Public Service Commission The regulation of natural gas intrastate transportation and sale is deemed to be an exercise of the police power of the state for the protection of the public welfare. The Public Service Commission is empowered to fix and regulate rates and services of natural gas transmission companies, including, without limitation, rules and regulations for determining the

8

,"U.S. Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline Systems"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline Systems" Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline Systems" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Intratstate Natural Gas Pipelines By Region",1,"Periodic",2007 ,"Release Date:","application/vnd.ms-excel" ,"Next Release Date:","application/vnd.ms-excel" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"Excel File Name:","PipeIntra.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/oil_gas/natural_gas/analysis_publications/ngpipeline/intrastate.html" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

9

Interstate and intrastate incidence of Oklahoma's severance tax on natural gas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two models, an intrastate model and an interstate model, are developed based on Shelton and Vogt's (1982) coal-severance tax model. Both models are based on a formal demand and supply framework which incorporated the most-important determinants of the demand for and the supply of natural gas. Two reduced-form equations derived from these models are estimated, using ordinary least-square techniques. About 91% of the Oklahoma severance-tax revenue collected from intrastate natural gas sales is paid by Oklahoma consumers; 9% is paid by producers and mineral-rights owners. Less than 9% of this portion of the tax may be exported. About 97% of the Oklahoma severance-tax revenue collected from interstate natural gas sales is paid by out-of-state consumers. Three percent of this tax revenue is paid by producers and mineral rights owners. Over 97% of this portion of the tax may be exported. Over one-half of the taxes collected in both markets may be exported to federal taxpayers through federal tax deductibility. Findings show a large portion of Oklahoma natural gas severance taxes levied on interstate sales may be exported. In this way, the severance tax meets the exportation criterion of a good tax.

Hsu, C.H.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Routing Policy System Replication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The RIPE database specifications and RPSL define languages used as the basis for representing information in a routing policy system. A repository for routing policy system information is known as a routing registry. A routing registry provides a means ...

C. Villamizar; C. Alaettinoglu; R. Govindan; D. Meyer

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Figures for CERN Courier  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collider (FMC), Next Muon Collider (NMC), Next Linear Collider (NLC), and Very Large Hadron Collider (VLHC). These are compared with the footprint of the LHC at CERN, and the...

12

CERN Courier Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the hadron-hadron collider energy frontier will be provided by the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC), a proton-proton collider with a center-of-mass energy of 14 TeV due to...

13

Whirlpool routing for mobility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the Whirlpool Routing Protocol (WARP), which efficiently routes data to a node moving within a static mesh. The key insight in WARP's design is that data traffic can use an existing routing gradient to efficiently probe the topology, repair ... Keywords: collection protocol, mobile routing, sensor network

Jung Woo Lee; Branislav Kusy; Tahir Azim; Basem Shihada; Philip Levis

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Routing Discussion Paper  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ROUTING ISSUES RELATED TO ROUTING ISSUES RELATED TO U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS TRANSPORTATION: DISCUSSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS PREPARED BY THE ROUTING TOPIC GROUP OF THE TRANSPORTATION EXTERNAL COORDINATION WORKING GROUP APRIL 1998 (a) Routing Issues Related to U.S. Department of Energy Radioactive Materials Transportation: Discussion and Recommendations Table of Contents I. Introduction ........................................................................................................................................ 1 II. Assumptions for Planning Purposes..................................................................................................... 1 III. The Current Routing Regulatory Structure and Its Implications...........................................................

15

Network Routing Capacity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We define the routing capacity of a network to be the supremum of all possible fractional message throughputs achievable by routing. We prove that the routing capacity of every network is achievable and rational, we present an algorithm for its computation, and we prove that every non-negative rational number is the routing capacity of some network. We also determine the routing capacity for various example networks. Finally, we discuss the extension of routing capacity to fractional coding solutions and show that the coding capacity of a network is independent of the alphabet used.

Jillian Cannons; Randall Dougherty; Christopher Freiling; Kenneth Zeger

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Rail Routing Criteria Selection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

File name 1 File name 1 Rail Routing: Using Decision Analysis to Evaluate Objectives Ruth F. Weiner, Sandia National Laboratories Steven Hamp, U. S. Department of Energy April 22, 2004 Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. TEC1 File name 2 Scoping the Problem * More than one rail route is available between any spent fuel site in the U. S. and Caliente, NV. * Routes differ in several parameters, like route length, track quality, urban areas transited, and so on. * Any particular route may not uniformly have more desirable parameters than another route; e.g. a shorter route may go through more urban centers.

17

Laboratory Shuttle Bus Routes: Blue Route  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Blue Route Map (On-Site/Off-Site) Blue Route Map (On-Site/Off-Site) Scroll down or click here for schedule ↓ Printable Map Blue Route map Blue Route Schedule Effective May 3, 2013 Text Box: BLUE SHUTTLE SCHEDULE BLUE Route # 65 DOWNHILL BART 65 UPHILL 62/66 1 6:20 AM 6:30 AM 6:40 AM 6:52 AM 2 6:30 AM 6:40 AM 6:50 AM 7:02 AM 3 6:40 AM 6:50 AM 7:00 AM 7:12 AM 4 6:50 AM 7:00 AM 7:10 AM 7:22 AM 1 7:04 AM 7:16 AM 7:28 AM 7:40 AM 2 7:16 AM 7:28 AM 7:40 AM 7:52 AM 3 7:28 AM 7:40 AM 7:52 AM 8:04 AM 4 7:40 AM 7:52 AM 8:04 AM 8:16 AM 1 7:52 AM 8:04 AM 8:16 AM 8:28 AM 2 8:04 AM 8:16 AM 8:28 AM 8:40 AM 3 8:16 AM 8:28 AM 8:40 AM 8:52 AM 4 8:28 AM 8:40 AM 8:52 AM 9:04 AM 1 8:40 AM 8:52 AM 9:04 AM 9:16 AM 2 8:52 AM 9:04 AM 9:16 AM 9:28 AM 3 9:04 AM 9:16 AM 9:28 AM 9:40 AM 4 9:16 AM 9:28 AM 9:40 AM 9:52 AM 1 9:28 AM 9:40 AM 9:52 AM 10:04 AM 2 9:40 AM 9:52 AM 10:04 AM 10:16 AM 3 9:52 AM 10:04 AM

18

Modeling Routing Overhead Generated by Wireless Reactive Routing Protocols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we have modeled the routing over- head generated by three reactive routing protocols; Ad-hoc On-demand Distance Vector (AODV), Dynamic Source Routing (DSR) and DYnamic MANET On-deman (DYMO). Routing performed by reactive protocols consists of two phases; route discovery and route maintenance. Total cost paid by a protocol for efficient routing is sum of the cost paid in the form of energy consumed and time spent. These protocols majorly focus on the optimization performed by expanding ring search algorithm to control the flooding generated by the mechanism of blind flooding. So, we have modeled the energy consumed and time spent per packet both for route discovery and route maintenance. The proposed framework is evaluated in NS-2 to compare performance of the chosen routing protocols.

Javaid, Nadeem; Javaid, Akmal; Malik, Shahzad A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Route guidance information for elderly passengers: route naming methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of bus route names on elderly transit riders' route-finding performance was investigated. A survey of public transit companies indicated that most identify routes with names and numbers, plus color coding, and that most route names correspond to the streets on which the routes travel or to the route's destinations. A survey of college undergraduate students indicated a preference for route names that included "North", "South", "East", or "West" to indicate the area of the city in which a route travels. The maps and timetables from the Vancouver, Washington bus system were used to test trip-planning performance; this system was selected because (1) its map and timetable package met many of the criteria in previous literature for ease of use and (2) Vancouver is an unfamiliar city to most residents of Bryan-College Station, Texas, where this study was conducted. Two versions of the materials were prepared; "North", "South", etc. were added to the bus route names in one version of the materials. Thirty-two Bryan-College Station residents, aged 55 years and older, were each given one version of the route guidance materials and asked to plan three trips on the bus using those materials. No significant difference in trip-planning accuracy or speed was realized between the two groups of test participants. Very few participants used route names to select the routes they needed, relying instead on route numbers and colors. On the questionnaire which followed the trip-planning exercise, participants ranked route names as the least helpful route-finding tool, below color coding and route numbers. Problems encountered by participants during the trip-planning process and their comments and suggestions indicate that color coding, map detail and the addition of map use examples and/or instructions may be important issues for future investigation.

Higgins, Laura Lynne

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) Model and Network Databases The Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) model is a geographic information system tool for modeling transportation routing. TRAGIS offers numerous options for route calculation

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Selfish Routing in Capacitated Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

According to Wardrop's first principle, agents in a congested network choose their routes selfishly, a behavior that is captured by the Nash equilibrium of the underlying ...

Correa, Jose R.

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

A scalable wireless routing protocol secure against route truncation attacks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless routing protocols allow transmitting nodes to have some knowledge of the topology in order to decide when to forward a packet (via broadcast) and when to drop it. Since a routing protocol forms the backbone of any network, it is a lucrative ...

Amitabh Saxena; Ben Soh

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Laboratory Shuttle Bus Routes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rear bike rack image Rear bike rack image The Laboratory provides shuttle bus services, contracted through MV Transportation Services. Routes run throughout its 200-acre facility, downtown Berkeley, local off-site facilities, UC Campus, Downtown Berkeley BART, and Rockridge BART stations. Shuttles offer free wifi onboard. Riders are asked to adhere to riding instructions. Active shuttle stops are marked with this sign: Bus sign image Shuttles run Monday through Friday, except Laboratory holidays. There is no weekend service. Special service for tours, group travel, etc. is available for a fee. All shuttles are equipped with Nextbus which uses GPS technology to enable riders to obtain real-time information on bus arrivals. Contact Bus Services at busservices@lbl.gov or 510-486-4165 to provide

24

Node-Capacitated Ring Routing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the node-capacitated routing problem in an undirected ring network along with its fractional relaxation, the node-capacitated multicommodity flow problem. For the feasibility problem, Farkas' lemma provides a characterization for general ... Keywords: half-integral flow, multicommodity flow, ring routing

AndrÁs Frank; Bruce Shepherd; Vivek Tandon; Zoltán Végh

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Autonomous routing algorithms for networks with wide-spread failures : a case for differential backlog routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the performance of a differential backlog routing algorithm in a network with random failures. Differential Backlog routing is a novel routing algorithm where packets are routed through multiple paths to their ...

Khan, Wajahat Faheem

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

NEPA Review Routing Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

South Composting Facility South Composting Facility Document Number: 300 Date of Routing: 12/01/2010 (after MJT review 11/30/2010) Name Reviewed Signature Forwarded To Forwarded Date /"'. Date Anne Theriault 12/01/2010 ~A~ """'S" VL'f Steve Ames 12/01/201 0 Steve Ames 12/01/2010 '-~~~J.A.Pt ~..vi Email MJT 12/01/2010 Steve Ames 12/01/2010 <::)f.~ a 1...,.. D .-s~ Jeff Christiansen 12/01 /2010 . / / / / Jeff Christiansen 12/01/2010 4H /""-. :.-- Mike Taylor 12/01 /2010 ,,, /?1. y L (J ,:2_ 12./:L/11? Nf"f..b5 W~J2k: ~f€\J£' 14rf11'5 JZ.. /z./to 'S r ,.:-. j ~-- .A .ItA ~ s I Z / ,£ / 11 fiA t K t.. T .A" I Ur I l / 1.../JC J /41('~ /2. !2../.e.. I It? P?2'. / / <;7/?;.,L::_

27

NEPA Review Routing Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Concrete Storage Yard Concrete Storage Yard Document Number: 301 Date of Routing: 12/01/2010 (after MJT review 11/30/2010) Name Reviewed Signature Forwarded To Forwarded Date Date Anne Theriault 12/01/2010 ~ ..... --1 .L - Steve Ames 12/01/2010 Steve Ames 12/01/2010 :"#-~- /2--........, Email MJT 12/01/2010 Steve Ames 12/01/2010 s.£~ ~~ Jeff Christiansen 12/01/2010 ~ / / Jeff Christiansen 12/01/2010 /7~ A"' A'"~ Mike Taylor 12/01/2010 ~~"'' 1-4'1''-..t:P~ JZ-/2.//C> AJ El'l>S t..Ji!) ~K tf7TIJ c ,t/rtf f ~ !:z..Lz_L/.o , r S·rP:IIE At11Ef' .~ { L/lt:- ~.a A\ lt"L"' 1A'l1Al I 1-- I 'f../ /0 _.., _, ---r79 '(_L47 /2--. 12-/.L I IP ~L"/Y~A sn:vc 19"1r5 12-/2//P

28

NEPA Review Routing Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North Composting Facility North Composting Facility Document Number: 299 Date of Routing: 12/01/2010 (after MJT review 11/30/2010) Name Reviewed Signature Forwarded To Forwarded Date ..... Date Anne Theriault 12/01/2010 tl-i.A 1 ../\ _/ ~ Steve Ames 12/01/2010 Steve Ames 12/01/2010 t.::}wtLA Email MJT 12/01/2010 Steve Ames 12/01/2010 .LZ..L.-1 Jeff Christiansen 12/01/2010 . ~ "/ / / Jeff Christiansen 12/01/2010 ,(J,U y n--(/' Mike Taylor 12/01/2010 '~"' --r7j I{ LLtJ I? JZ../2../!b Nr_4l./)5 w&ll. K .S T£ v C AIV\ cs 12../2.../ I 0 ( .e:.,~:,/t.; AM IF s I t-fi. /,,s (J.,..,.M ·/A,_r_, 7AYtoJ- IZ....(z../lq ~ .... / --r-?JY~e t<.j .z..j / e:> I#'~ y ../"'~--< 5Tt: \J C /1 J111 C 5 t<-./z_j/0

29

Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) to Spent Fuel Routing Analysis P. E. Johnson R.R. Rawl Oak Ridge National Laboratory TRAGIS is being used by...

30

Optimization Online - The Freight Train Routing Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 21, 2013 ... Abstract: We consider the following freight train routing problem (FTRP). Given is a transportation network with fixed routes for passenger trains ...

31

Selfish routing with side constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

seminal work of Roughgarden and Tardos [6] on the price of anarchy for selfish routing. Their model ... pay more than a certain amount for gas or tolls. So far ...

32

Modeling complexity of enterprise routing design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Enterprise networks often have complex routing designs given the need to meet a wide set of resiliency, security and routing policies. In this paper, we take the position that minimizing design complexity must be an explicit objective of routing design. ... Keywords: network complexity, routing design, top-down modeling

Xin Sun; Sanjay G. Rao; Geoffrey G. Xie

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Zonal Rumor Routing for Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Routing algorithms for wireless sensor networks are constrained by power, memory and computational resources. Rumor Routing algorithm for sensor networks spreads theinformation of an event to other nodes in the network, thus enabling queries to discover ... Keywords: Sensor Network, Routing, Wireless, Rumor Routing

Tarun Banka; Gagan Tandon; Anura P. Jayasumana

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Customized BGP Route Selection Using BGP/MPLS VPNs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Customized route selection mechanisms at ASBR Use Virtual Routing and Forwarding (VRF) instances to build

Bonaventure, Olivier

35

The Consistent Vehicle Routing Problem  

SciTech Connect

In the small package shipping industry (as in other industries), companies try to differentiate themselves by providing high levels of customer service. This can be accomplished in several ways, including online tracking of packages, ensuring on-time delivery, and offering residential pickups. Some companies want their drivers to develop relationships with customers on a route and have the same drivers visit the same customers at roughly the same time on each day that the customers need service. These service requirements, together with traditional constraints on vehicle capacity and route length, define a variant of the classical capacitated vehicle routing problem, which we call the consistent VRP (ConVRP). In this paper, we formulate the problem as a mixed-integer program and develop an algorithm to solve the ConVRP that is based on the record-to-record travel algorithm. We compare the performance of our algorithm to the optimal mixed-integer program solutions for a set of small problems and then apply our algorithm to five simulated data sets with 1,000 customers and a real-world data set with more than 3,700 customers. We provide a technique for generating ConVRP benchmark problems from vehicle routing problem instances given in the literature and provide our solutions to these instances. The solutions produced by our algorithm on all problems do a very good job of meeting customer service objectives with routes that have a low total travel time.

Groer, Christopher S [ORNL; Golden, Bruce [University of Maryland; Edward, Wasil [American University

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Adaptive Routing for Road Traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several technologies for motorists ease their travel on today's congested roads. However, these services aren't linked to each other and using them while driving can be dangerously distracting. This article reports on an integrated system that uses congestion ... Keywords: routing, congestion, Trafficmaster, GPS, GSM.

John Fawcett; Peter Robinson

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Fountain Valley Electric Carrier Route Vehicle Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

13 miles per test. The distance of the 36 route tests ranged from 4 to 34 miles. Both miles driven and State-of- Charge (SOC) data was collected for only 28 of the route tests....

38

NIRA : a new Internet routing architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(cont.) mechanism, a user only needs to know a small region of the Internet in order to select a route to reach a destination. In addition, a novel route representation and packet forwarding scheme is designed such that a ...

Yang, Xiaowei, 1974-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

A comparison of routing sets for robust network design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

compare the optimal capacity allocation costs for six routing sets: affine routing, ... made in the long term while the routing decisions depend on the realization of.

40

State space representation of routing flexibility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a state space representation for sequencing and routing flexibility in manufacturing systems. Routing flexibility is represented using five different stages as follows: (i) Precedence Graph of Operations; (ii) State Transition Graph ... Keywords: Flexible manufacturing systems, Routing flexibility, Sequencing flexibility, State space representation

Leonardo Rosa Rohde; Denis Borenstein

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Building programmable routing service for sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current routing services for sensor networks are application-specific. They are pre-configured into nodes, and thus have difficulty in adapting to different applications and network conditions. This paper describes a framework to build programmable routing ... Keywords: Energy saving, Parameterization, Programmable, Routing, Sensor networks

Yu He; Cauligi S. Raghavendra

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

A hierarchical model for BGP routing policies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BGP routing policies are mainly used by network operators to enforce business relationships between Autonomous Systems (AS), and to prefer some routes over others. In this paper, we propose a hierarchical policy model to express each policy at the most ... Keywords: bgp, network configuration, routing policies

Laurent Vanbever; Bruno Quoitin; Olivier Bonaventure

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Xl: an efficient network routing algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a new link-state routing algorithm called Approximate Link state (XL) aimed at increasing routing efficiency by suppressing updates from parts of the network. We prove that three simple criteria for update propagation are sufficient ... Keywords: link-state, routing protocol

Kirill Levchenko; Geoffrey M. Voelker; Ramamohan Paturi; Stefan Savage

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

On inferring and characterizing internet routing policies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Border Gateway Protocol allows Autonomous Systems (ASs) to apply diverse routing policies for selecting routes and for propagating reachability information to other ASs. Although a significant number of studies have been focused on the Internet topology, ... Keywords: BGP, routing policies, traffic engineering

Feng Wang; Lixin Gao

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

AN ITERATIVE ROUTE CONSTRUCTION AND IMPROVEMENT ALGORITHM FOR THE VEHICLE ROUTING PROBLEM WITH SOFT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

generalized costs Data: C : Set of customers to route (not including the depot 0v ) LLimit = initial number . The function k ( , )s R s orders the set of routes R from smallest to largest based on the number of customers per route and then returns a set of 1s routes with the least number of customers; e.g. k ( ,1)s R

Bertini, Robert L.

46

RAIL ROUTING PRACTICES AND PROPOSED ALTERNATIVES  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"Strawman" Report: "Strawman" Report: RAIL ROUTING PRACTICES AND PROPOSED ALTERNATIVES Number Section Comment Response RTG-1-AAR SECTION II Safeguards Routing Regulations, Para. 2 The NRC has identified five types of route characteristics that receive special consideration when NRC staff review routes for approval pursuant to 10 CFR 73: (1) routes through highly populated areas; (2) routes that would place the shipment or escort vehicle in a significantly disadvantageous position (for example, tunnels which would prevent the escort vehicle from maintaining continuous surveillance of the shipment vehicle); [Note this assumes a highway chase vehicle for rail. We expect security for rail shipments to be on the train with the shipment, and not a chase vehicle. Chase vehicles has their own inherent

47

Large Neighborhood Search for LNG Inventory Routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 3, 2012 ... Large Neighborhood Search for LNG Inventory Routing. Vikas Goel (vikas.goel ** *at*** exxonmobil.com) Kevin Furman (kevin.c.furman ***at*** ...

48

MIRPLib: A Maritime Inventory Routing Problem Library  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 28, 2013 ... Abstract: This paper presents a detailed description of a particular class of deterministic single product maritime inventory routing problems ...

49

UFO: A Resilient Layered Routing Architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conventional wisdom has held that routing protocols cannot achieve both scalability and high availability. Despite scaling relatively well, today’s Internet routing system does not react quickly to changing network conditions (e.g., link failures or excessive congestion). Overlay networks, on the other hand, can respond quickly to changing network conditions, but their reliance on aggressive probing does not scale to large topologies. The paper presents a layered routing architecture called UFO (Underlay Fused with Overlays), which achieves the best of both worlds by having the “underlay” provide explicit notification about network conditions to help improve the efficiency and scalability of routing overlays.

Yaping Zhu; Andy Bavier; Nick Feamster; Sampath Rangarajan; Jennifer Rexford

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Hierarchical Routing over Dynamic Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wireless network topologies change over time and maintaining routes requires frequent updates. Updates are costly in terms of consuming throughput available for data transmission, which is precious in wireless networks. In this paper, we ask whether there exist low-overhead schemes that produce low-stretch routes. This is studied by using the underlying geometric properties of the connectivity graph in wireless networks.

Tschopp, Dominique; Grossglauser, Matthias

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Best routes selection in international intermodal networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study focuses on one of the intermodal operational issues: how to select best routes for shipments through the international intermodal network. International intermodal routing is complicated by three important characteristics: (1) multiple objectives; ... Keywords: Economies of scale, Intermodal, Multicommodity, Multiobjective

Tsung-Sheng Chang

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

An autonomic routing framework for sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current routing services for sensor networks are often designed for specific applications and network conditions, thus have difficulty in adapting to application and network dynamics. This paper proposes an autonomic framework to promote the adaptivity ... Keywords: Autonomic routing, Feature functions, Monitoring policies, Sensor networks

Yu He; Cauligi S. Raghavendra; Steven Berson; Robert Braden

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Jumping ant routing algorithm for sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Enterprises that may rely on critical equipments which are constantly moving around, for example, hospitals - need to ensure they can know the current location of vital but mobile assets. Besides, the sensor node on each device should inform us whether ... Keywords: ARAMA (Ant Routing Algorithm for Mobile Ad-hoc Networks), Ad-hoc, JARA (Jumping Ant Routing Algorithm), MANET

Wei-Ming Chen; Chung-Sheng Li; Fu-Yu Chiang; Han-Chieh Chao

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Shortage leads to green route to olefins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new study examines a green route to glycerol via ultraviolet irradiation of fats and vegetable oils that may lead to a biobased source of acrylic acid and long-chain olefins. Shortage leads to green route to olefins Publications aocs articles bo

55

Understanding slow BGP routing table transfers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Researchers and network operators often say that BGP table transfers are slow. Despite this common knowledge, the reasons for slow BGP transfers are not well understood. This paper explains BGP table transfer delays by combining BGP messages collected ... Keywords: bgp, route propagation, routing convergence

Zied Ben Houidi; Mickael Meulle; Renata Teixeira

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Advanced Routing Worm and Its Security Challenges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most well-known worms, such as Code Red, Slammer, Blaster, and Sasser, infected vulnerable computers by scanning the entire IPv4 address space. In this article, the authors present an advanced worm called the "routing worm," which implements two new ... Keywords: Network security, modeling, routing worm

Cliff C. Zou; Don Towsley; Weibo Gong; Songlin Cai

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Cost of not splitting in routing: characterization and estimation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies the performance difference of joint routing and congestion control when either single-path routes or multipath routes are used. Our performance metric is the total utility achieved by jointly optimizing transmission rates using congestion ... Keywords: duality gap, multipath routing, performance gap, single-path routing, sparse representation, utility optimization

Meng Wang; Chee Wei Tan; Weiyu Xu; Ao Tang

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

All-to-all disjoint multipath routing using cycle embedding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we evaluate the performance of disjoint multipath routing approaches for all-to-all routing in packet-switched networks with respect to packet overhead, path length, and routing table size. We develop a novel approach based on cycle embedding ... Keywords: All-to-all routing, Cycle embedding, Disjoint multipath routing

Sandeep K. Ahuja; Srinivasan Ramasubramanian

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Highway and interline transportation routing models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The potential impacts associated with the transportation of hazardous materials are important issues to shippers, carriers, and the general public. Since transportation routes are a central characteristic in most of these issues, the prediction of likely routes is the first step toward the resolution of these issues. In addition, US Department of Transportation requirements (HM-164) mandate specific routes for shipments of highway controlled quantities of radioactive materials. In response to these needs, two routing models have been developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). These models have been designated by DOE`s Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management, Transportation Management Division (DOE/EM) as the official DOE routing models. Both models, HIGHWAY and INTERLINE, are described.

Joy, D.S.; Johnson, P.E.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Laboratory Shuttle Bus Routes: Potter St./JBEI Shuttle Bus Routes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Combined Routes & Schedules Blue Route Orange Route Rockridge Route Potter St./JBEI Route Combined Routes & Schedules Blue Route Orange Route Rockridge Route Potter St./JBEI Route Potter St./JBEI Map Scroll down or click here for schedule ↓ Printable Map | Printable Schedule Potter St/JBEI Route Potter St./JBEI Schedule Bus Service @ lbl.gov email link LBNL - POTTER ST/JBEI START - LBL STOP 65 CORY HALL SHATTUCK BART JCAP POTTER CFO JBEI SHATTUCK BART CORY HALL Depart on the 08's and 38's Depart on the 10's and 40's Depart on the 15's and 45's Depart on the 28's and 58's Depart on the 00's and 30's Depart on the 05's and 35's Depart on the 08's and 35's Depart on the 20's and 50's Depart on the 25's and 55's 1 8:08 AM 8:10 AM 8:15 AM 8:28 AM 8:30 AM 8:35 AM 8:38 AM 8:50 AM 8:55 AM 2 8:38 AM 8:40 AM 8:45 AM 8:58 AM 9:00 AM 9:05 AM 9:08 AM 9:20 AM 9:25 AM

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Improving the interaction between overlay routing and traffic engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Overlay routing has been successful as an incremental method to improve Internet routing by allowing its own users to select their logical routing. In the meantime, traffic engineering (TE) are being used to reduce the whole network cost by adapting ...

Gene Moo Lee; Taehwan Choi

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Routing Protocols and Concepts, CCNA Exploration Companion Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Routing Protocols and Concepts CCNA Exploration Companion Guide Routing Protocols and Concepts, CCNA Exploration Companion Guide is the official supplemental textbook for the Routing Protocols and Concepts course in the Cisco Networking Academy CCNA ...

Rick Graziani; Allan Johnson

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Proactive techniques for correct and predictable Internet routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Internet is composed of thousands of autonomous, competing networks that exchange reachability information using an interdomain routing protocol. Network operators must continually reconfigure the routing protocols to ...

Feamster, Nicholas G. (Nicholas Greer), 1979-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

DOE Office of Nuclear Energy Transportation Planning, Route Selection...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Nuclear Energy Transportation Planning, Route Selection, and Rail Issues DOE Office of Nuclear Energy Transportation Planning, Route Selection, and Rail Issues...

65

Global Routing in VLSI Design: Algorithms, Theory, and ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 15, 2010 ... The algorithm ensures that all routing demands are satisfied ...... does not lead to an increase in the maximum routing demand and in many.

66

Lagrangean Duality Applied on Vehicle Routing with Time Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 6, 2001 ... Lagrangean Duality Applied on Vehicle Routing with Time Windows ... with the Vehicle Routing Problem with Time Windows (VRPTW).

67

Evaluation of virtual routing appliances as routers virtual environment.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A virtual routing appliance is a system for the rapid, automated management and employment of virtual networks. Virtual routing appliances utilize virtual machines to enable… (more)

Al-Amoudi, Ahmed

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Slicing the Onion: Anonymous Routing Without PKI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed many proposals for anonymous routing in overlay peer-to-peer networks. The proposed protocols either expose the receiver and the message content, or require the overlay nodes to have public-private ...

Katti, Sachin

2005-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

69

DOE HQ Shuttle Bus Route and Schedule  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Shuttle Bus Route and Schedule Shuttle Bus Route and Schedule The DOE Shuttle Buses follow the same schedules between the two main Headquarters locations, Forrestal and Germantown. The buses start their routes at each Headquarters facility at the same times, see the schedule below. The subsequent stops at the other facilities are relative to the departure time of each route. Headquarters employees are reminded of the statutory provisions that authorize and limit the use of the shuttle bus service. Specific authority for the use of appropriated funds to pay for transportation for official purposes is contained in section 1344(a)(1) of Title 31, U.S. Code. Use of this transportation for any other purpose is

70

Energy Conversion Materials Through Chemical Synthesis Route  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conversion Materials Through Chemical Synthesis Route Speaker(s): Lionel Vayssieres Date: April 27, 2004 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint of Contact: Samuel Mao The...

71

Hybrid vehicle-centric route guidance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis proposes a hybrid route guidance system in which predictive guidance is generated in a centralized layer and revised in a reactive, decentralized layer that resides on-board the vehicle. This hybrid approach ...

Farver, Jennifer M. (Jennifer Margaret), 1976-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

The Price of Atomic Selfish Ring Routing?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

‡Institute of Applied Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 , ... The ring topology is a fundamental topology that is frequently encountered in ...... [9] A. Czumaj, Selfish routing on the Internet, in Handbook of Scheduling: ...

73

Dynamic vehicle routing for robotic networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed great advancements in the sciences and technology of autonomy, robotics and networking. This dissertation develops concepts and algorithms for dynamic vehicle routing (DVR), that is, for the ...

Pavone, Marco, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

A Periodic Inventory Routing Problem at a Supermarket Chain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Albert Heijn, BV, a supermarket chain in the Netherlands, faces a vehicle routing and delivery scheduling problem once every three to six months. Given hourly demand forecasts for each store, travel times and distances, cost parameters, and various transportation ... Keywords: Inventory: inventory routing, Networks, matchings: application to inventory routing, Transportation, vehicle routing: algorithm and implementation

Vishal Gaur; Marshall L. Fisher

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

A secure alternate path routing in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a secure alternate path routing in sensor networks. Our alternate path scheme makes the routing protocol resilient in the presence of malicious nodes that launch selective forwarding attacks. SeRINS (a Secure alternate path Routing ... Keywords: Secure routing, Sensor network security

Suk-Bok Lee; Yoon-Hwa Choi

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Towards a routing framework in ad hoc space networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A routing framework called Space Gateway Routing (SGR) is proposed for routing through Autonomous Regions (ARs) in ad hoc space networks. SGR has two integral parts: External SGR (ESGR) and Interior SGR (ISGR). ESGR ... Keywords: ad hoc networks, autonomous regions, contact allocation, data delivery, inter-region message scheduling, remote control messages, space communications, space gateway routing, space missions, space networks

Chao Chen; Zesheng Chen

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

A survey on secure multipath routing protocols in WSNs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Routing protocols in wireless sensor networks (WSN) have been substantially investigated by researches. Most state-of-the-art surveys have focused on reviewing the different routing schemes that have been proposed for WSN and classifying them based on ... Keywords: Multipath routing, Secure multipath routing, Security, Wireless sensor networks

Eliana Stavrou; Andreas Pitsillides

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

MANET Routing with Provably Low Complexity Through Constant Density Clustering and Route Request Broadcast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) are emerging as important components in critical and large-scale applications, it is crucial to develop MANET routing mechanisms with provably low complexity. In this paper, we give a tutorial overview of the efficient ... Keywords: 1-hop clustering, algorithm/protocol design and analysis, message complexity, routing protocol, scalability, time complexity, wireless mobile ad hoc network

Hyo-Sik Yang; Luke Ritchie; Andréa W. Richa; Martin Reisslein

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

An Indirect Route for Ethanol Production  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The ZeaChem indirect method is a radically new approach to producing fuel ethanol from renewable resources. Sugar and syngas processing platforms are combined in a novel way that allows all fractions of biomass feedstocks (e.g. carbohydrates, lignins, etc.) to contribute their energy directly into the ethanol product via fermentation and hydrogen based chemical process technologies. The goals of this project were: (1) Collect engineering data necessary for scale-up of the indirect route for ethanol production, and (2) Produce process and economic models to guide the development effort. Both goals were successfully accomplished. The projected economics of the Base Case developed in this work are comparable to today's corn based ethanol technology. Sensitivity analysis shows that significant improvements in economics for the indirect route would result if a biomass feedstock rather that starch hydrolyzate were used as the carbohydrate source. The energy ratio, defined as the ratio of green energy produced divided by the amount of fossil energy consumed, is projected to be 3.11 to 12.32 for the indirect route depending upon the details of implementation. Conventional technology has an energy ratio of 1.34, thus the indirect route will have a significant environmental advantage over today's technology. Energy savings of 7.48 trillion Btu/yr will result when 100 MMgal/yr (neat) of ethanol capacity via the indirect route is placed on-line by the year 2010.

Eggeman, T.; Verser, D.; Weber, E.

2005-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

80

An Indirect Route for Ethanol Production  

SciTech Connect

The ZeaChem indirect method is a radically new approach to producing fuel ethanol from renewable resources. Sugar and syngas processing platforms are combined in a novel way that allows all fractions of biomass feedstocks (e.g. carbohydrates, lignins, etc.) to contribute their energy directly into the ethanol product via fermentation and hydrogen based chemical process technologies. The goals of this project were: (1) Collect engineering data necessary for scale-up of the indirect route for ethanol production, and (2) Produce process and economic models to guide the development effort. Both goals were successfully accomplished. The projected economics of the Base Case developed in this work are comparable to today's corn based ethanol technology. Sensitivity analysis shows that significant improvements in economics for the indirect route would result if a biomass feedstock rather that starch hydrolyzate were used as the carbohydrate source. The energy ratio, defined as the ratio of green energy produced divided by the amount of fossil energy consumed, is projected to be 3.11 to 12.32 for the indirect route depending upon the details of implementation. Conventional technology has an energy ratio of 1.34, thus the indirect route will have a significant environmental advantage over today's technology. Energy savings of 7.48 trillion Btu/yr will result when 100 MMgal/yr (neat) of ethanol capacity via the indirect route is placed on-line by the year 2010.

Eggeman, T.; Verser, D.; Weber, E.

2005-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

NEPA COMPLIANCE SURVEY NEPA Review Routing Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NEPA Review Routing Form NEPA Review Routing Form A ::opy of Routing: ~ I~ I a() II Namo Roviowod Signature Date (~~ Thaf I CUt 1 -f CJ./ W./11 ~ A /rt ...... "" . A-~ r;;;;I £1 "3 7i7 .-J;_~~· ~~ / ' I" - 4 ' . # / . - . 1 ?9 '1' l p /=-- Z-4-11 ,_, y~ -- - - - - - - - - ~ L- ·~~ ,....... ,_ ,.,.. ....... , "'t _,.., , ....... '" / / /1 /7/1....., ,..I\. / / I F r-Q V C. .L> I \ I I ..... Forwarded Forwarded To Date i-t l.tlbrub ~ r:H:.. ~rrr

82

Task Routing for Prediction Tasks Haoqi Zhang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Harvard SEAS Microsoft Research Cambridge, MA 02138, USA Redmond, WA 98052, USA {hq, yiling, parkes, Economics, Theory Keywords Scoring rules, task routing, social networks 1. INTRODUCTION Organizations rely is crucial for the suc- cess of an organization. Accomplishing a task may require the expertise of multiple

Chen, Yiling

83

Route planning with flexible edge restrictions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we explore a new type of flexible shortest-path query, in which the query can be dynamically parameterized to constrain the type of edges that may be included in the resulting shortest path (e.g., find the shortest path in a road network ... Keywords: Contraction Hierarchies, edge restrictions, flexible scenario, route planning, shortest paths

Robert Geisberger; Michael N. Rice; Peter Sanders; Vassilis J. Tsotras

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Large neighborhood search for LNG inventory routing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is steadily becoming a common mode for commercializing natural gas. Due to the capital intensive nature of LNG projects, the optimal design of LNG supply chains is extremely important from a profitability perspective. Motivated ... Keywords: LNG, Liquefied natural gas, Maritime inventory routing, Ship schedule optimization

Vikas Goel; Kevin C. Furman; Jin-Hwa Song; Amr S. El-Bakry

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Policy-driven routing management using CIM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Policy-based network management is intended to provide a system-wide and unified view of the network and its services and applications. This includes the combined management of network services as different as security, QoS or routing. However, while ...

Félix J. García Clemente; Jesús D. Jiménez Re; Gregorio Martínez Pérez; Antonio F. Gómez Skarmeta

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Region growing for multi-route cuts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study a number of multi-route cut problems: given a graph G = (V, E) and connectivity thresholds k(u, v) on pairs of nodes, the goal is to find a minimum cost set of edges or vertices the removal of which ...

Siddharth Barman; Shuchi Chawla

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Mitigating attacks against virtual coordinate based routing in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Virtual coordinate system (VCS) based routing provides a practical, efficient and scalable means for point-to-point routing in wireless sensor networks. Several VCS-based routing protocols have been proposed in the last few years, all assuming that nodes ... Keywords: beacon vector routing, routing, secure beacon vector routing, security, sensor network routing, virtual coordinate system

Jing Dong; Kurt E. Ackermann; Brett Bavar; Cristina Nita-Rotaru

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Candidate sets for alternative routes in road networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a fast algorithm with preprocessing for computing multiple good alternative routes in road networks. Our approach is based on single via node routing on top of Contraction Hierarchies and achieves superior quality and efficiency compared to ...

Dennis Luxen; Dennis Schieferdecker

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

TEC Working Group Topic Groups Routing | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Routing Routing TEC Working Group Topic Groups Routing ROUTING The Routing Topic Group has been established to examine topics of interest and relevance concerning routing of shipments of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level radioactive waste (HLW) to a national repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada by highway, rail, and intermodal operations that could involve use of barges. Ultimately, the main goal for the topic group members will be to provide stakeholder perspectives and input to the Office of Logistics Management (OLM) in the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) for the identification of a national suite of routes to Yucca Mountain. The identification of a suite of routes will provide an advanced planning framework for State and Tribal

90

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print Wednesday, 24 February 2010 00:00 If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will...

91

Convergence of intra-domain routing with centralized control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The decentralized control scheme for routing in current IP networks has been questioned, and a centralized routing scheme has been proposed as an alternative. In this paper, we compare the convergence of centralized control scheme with decentralized ...

Jing Fu; Peter Sjödin; Gunnar Karlsson

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Load Profiling Based Routing for Guaranteed Bandwidth Flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. To support the stringent Quality of Service (QoS) requirements of real-time (e.g. audio/video) applications in integrated services networks, several routing algorithms that allow for the reservation of the needed bandwidth over a Virtual Circuit (VC), established on one of several candidate routes, have been proposed. Traditionally, such routing is done using the least-loaded concept, and thus results in balancing the load across the set of candidate routes. In this paper, we propose the use of load profiling as an attractive alternative to load balancing for routing guaranteed bandwidth VCs (flows). Load profiling techniques allow the distribution of "available" bandwidth across a set of candidate routes to match the characteristics of incoming VC QoS requests. We thoroughly characterize the performance of VC routing using load profiling and contrast it to routing using load balancing and load packing. We do so both analytically and via extensive simulations of multi-class traffic r...

Ibrahim Matta; Azer Bestavros; Marwan Krunz

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Application-Aware Deadlock-Free Oblivious Routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conventional oblivious routing algorithms are either not application-aware or assume that each flow has its own private channel to ensure deadlock avoidance. We present a framework for application-aware routing that assures ...

Kinsy, Michel Ako

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Some help on the way: opportunistic routing under uncertainty  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate opportunistic routing, centering on the recommendation of ideal diversions on trips to a primary destination when an unplanned waypoint, such as a rest stop or a refueling station, is desired. In the general case, an automated routing ... Keywords: information value, mixed-initiative, opportunistic routing

Eric Horvitz; John Krumm

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

A Heuristic for the Vehicle Routing Problem with Time Windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose a heuristic algorithm to solve the Vehicle Routing Problem with Time Windows. Its framework is a smart combination of three simple procedures: the classical k-opt exchanges improve the solution, an ad hoc procedure ... Keywords: heuristics, local search, routing, scheduling, vehicle routing with time windows

Roberto Cordone; Roberto Wolfler Calvo

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

A dynamic reconfigurable routing framework for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensornet deployments of the future are expected to deliver a multitude of services, ranging from reliable sensing, real time streams, mission critical support, network reprogramming and so on. Naturally, no one routing protocol can sufficiently cater ... Keywords: Dynamic routing, Multi-hop routing, Wireless sensor networks

Mukundan Venkataraman; Mainak Chatterjee; Kevin Kwiat

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Application-aware deadlock-free oblivious routing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conventional oblivious routing algorithms are either not application-aware or assume that each flow has its own private channel to ensure deadlock avoidance. We present a framework for application-aware routing that assures deadlock-freedom under one ... Keywords: oblivious routing, on-chip interconnection networks, systems-on-chip

Michel A. Kinsy; Myong Hyon Cho; Tina Wen; Edward Suh; Marten van Dijk; Srinivas Devadas

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

An iterative distributed algorithm for multi-constraint multicast routing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a group computation based distributed algorithm for solving the problem of multi-constraint multicast routing. This algorithm is fully distributed and can generate within acceptable time and message complexities a multicast ... Keywords: Distributed algorithm, Heuristic algorithm, Multicast, Multicast routing tree, Multiple constraints, NP-hardness, QoS, Routing protocol

Tzu-Lun Huang; D. T. Lee

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Map: medial axis based geometric routing in sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the challenging tasks in the deployment of dense wireless networks (like sensor networks) is in devising a routing scheme for node to node communication. Important consideration includes scalability, routing complexity, quality of communication ... Keywords: medial axis, routing, sensor networks, system design

Jehoshua Bruck; Jie Gao; Anxiao Jiang

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Efficient routing and conflict resolution in F and IADM networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper introduces a novel routing technique and a way to realize passable permutations in F and IADM redundant multistage interconnection networks. The simplicity of selecting alternate routes for a given source-destination pair is demonstrated by ... Keywords: F networks, redundant networks, fault tolerance, network topology, conflict resolution, IADM networks, routing, passable permutations, multistage interconnection networks, cycles

Anand; Agrawal; Kini

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Adaptive Path-Based Multicast on Wormhole-Routed Hypercubes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider path-based multicast on wormhole-routed hypercubes. A minimum set of routing restrictions is used as the base routing algorithm. To correctly perform multicast, we present the natural list to sort the destination nodes. It ...

Chien-Min Wang; Yomin Hou; Lih-Hsing Hsu

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Solar-aware Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar-aware Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Thiemo Voigt, Hartmut Ritter and Jochen Schiller energy sources such as solar power may provide unlimited energy resources to a changing subset these nodes is appealing. In this paper, we present solar-aware routing, a rout- ing protocol for wireless

103

End-to-end routing behavior in the internet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The large-scale behavior of routing in the Internet has gone virtually without any formal study, the exception being Chinoy's analysis of the dynamics of Internet routing information [Ch93]. We report on an analysis of 40,000 end-to-end route measurements ...

Vern Paxson

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

End-to-end routing behavior in the Internet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The large-scale behavior of routing in the Internet has gone virtually without any formal study, the exception being Chinoy's analysis of the dynamics of Internet routing information [Ch93]. We report on an analysis of 40,000 end-to-end route measurements ...

Vern Paxson

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Author's personal copy An iterative route construction and improvement algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Meeting CD ROM, Washington, DC, January 2009. . Fu, Z routing problem with soft time windows Miguel Andres Figliozzi * Department of Civil and Environmental routing Soft time windows Route construction and improvement algorithms a b s t r a c t The solution

Bertini, Robert L.

106

Going Bunkers: The Joint Route Selection and Refueling Problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Managing shipping vessel profitability is a central problem in marine transportation. We consider two commonly used types of vessels---“liners” (ships whose routes are fixed in advance) and “trampers” (ships for which future route ... Keywords: maritime transportation, refueling, routing, shipping, stochastic prices

Omar Besbes; Sergei Savin

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

A model of onion routing with provable anonymity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Onion routing is a scheme for anonymous communication that is designed for practical use. Until now, however, it has had no formal model and therefore no rigorous analysis of its anonymity guarantees. We give an IO-automata model of an onion-routing ... Keywords: anonymity, onion routing, privacy, security

Joan Feigenbaum; Aaron Johnson; Paul Syverson

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Statistical behaviors of mobile agents in network routing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile agent-based network routing is a new technique for routing in large-scale networks. An analysis of the searching activity and population growth of mobile agents is important for improving performance in agent-driven networks. In this paper, we ... Keywords: Mobile agents, Population distribution, Probability of success, Routing

Wenyu Qu; Keqiu Li; Masaru Kitsuregawa; Weilian Xue

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Energy Conversion Materials Through Chemical Synthesis Route  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conversion Materials Through Chemical Synthesis Route Conversion Materials Through Chemical Synthesis Route Speaker(s): Lionel Vayssieres Date: April 27, 2004 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Samuel Mao The ability to design anisotropic nanoparticles with tailored aspect ratio and to order them into large 3-D arrays is an important challenge that scientists have to face to create functionalized nanomaterials. Our approach to control the size and shape of nanoparticles as well as the overall texture of nanoparticulate thin films is to tune their direct aqueous hydrolysis-condensation growth onto substrates by monitoring the interfacial thermodynamics of nanocrystals as well as their kinetics of heteronucleation. Growing materials at very low interfacial tension, i.e. at thermodynamically stable conditions, allows the experimental control of

110

Routing Protocols to Maximize Battery Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we propose a routing protocol for wireless ad hoc networks whose nodes are largely battery powered. The battery capacity of the nodes is viewed as a common resource of the system and its use is to be optimized. Results from a previous study on battery management have shown that: (1) pulsed current discharge outperforms constant current discharge, (2) battery capacity can be improved by using a bursty discharge pattern due to charge recovery effects that take place during idle periods, (3) given a certain value of current drawn off the battery, higher current impulses degrade battery performance, even if the percentage of higher current impulses is relatively small. We develop a network protocol based on these findings. This protocol favors routes whose links have a low energy cost. We also distribute multihop traffic in a manner that allows all nodes a good chance to recover their battery energy reserve.

Carla F. Chiasserini; Ramesh R. Rao

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

QoS Routing in Smart Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Smart grid is an emerging technology which is able to control the power load via price signaling. The communication between the power supplier and power customers is a key issue in smart grid. Performance degradation like delay or outage may cause significant impact on the stability of the pricing based control and thus the reward of smart grid. Therefore, a QoS mechanism is proposed for the communication system in smart grid, which incorporates the derivation of QoS requirement and applies QoS routing in the communication network. For deriving the QoS requirement, the dynamics of power load and the load-price mapping are studied. The corresponding impacts of different QoS metrics like delay are analyzed. Then, the QoS is derived via an optimization problem that maximizes the total revenue. Based on the derived QoS requirement, a simple greedy QoS routing algorithm is proposed for the requirement of high speed routing in smart grid. It is also proven that the proposed greedy algorithm is a $K$-approximation. ...

Li, Husheng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

On-demand computation of policy based routes for large-scale network simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Routing table storage demands pose a significant obstacle for large-scale network simulation. On-demand computation of routes can alleviate those problems for models that do not require representation of routing dynamics. However, policy based routes, ...

Michael Liljenstam; David M. Nicol

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

On optimal TTL sequence-based route discovery in MANETs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In on-demand multi-hop routing protocols for MANETs such as DSR and AODV, a fundamental requirement for peer-to-peer connectivity is to discover routes to a remote node via flooding of route request messages. Historically, such floodings of requests have used a TTL (time-to-live) large enough to reach all nodes in the network to ensure successful route discovery in one round of flooding. Recently [1], it was shown that the generic minimal cost flooding search problem can be solved via a sequence of floodings with an optimally chosen set of TTLs. The theoretical result, when applied to DSR route discovery, does not take into account optimizations such as route caching and overhearing, which can significantly reduce the frequency and the propagation range of route discovery operations. Equally importantly, the impact of using a sequence of floodings on the packet delivery delay is not clear. In this paper, we study the impact of using the optimal TTL sequence-based route discovery on DSR routing performance. Our results show when caching and overhearing are considered, the route discovery enhanced by an optimal TTL sequence has very similar overhead but higher delay than the basic route discovery mechanism. 1

Dimitrios Koutsonikolas; Saumitra M. Das; Himabindu Pucha; Y. Charlie Hu

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

On Optimal TTL Sequence-Based Route Discovery in MANETs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In on-demand multi-hop routing protocols for MANETs such as DSR and AODV, a fundamental requirement for peer-to-peer connectivity is to discover routes to a remote node via flooding of route request messages. Historically, such floodings of requests have used a TTL (time-to-live) large enough to reach all nodes in the network to ensure successful route discovery in one round of flooding. Recently [1], it was shown that the generic minimal cost flooding search problem can be solved via a sequence of floodings with an optimally chosen set of TTLs. The theoretical result, when applied to DSR route discovery, does not take into account optimizations such as route caching and overhearing, which can significantly reduce the frequency and the propagation range of route discovery operations. Equally importantly, the impact of using a sequence of floodings on the packet delivery delay is not clear. In this paper, we study the impact of using the optimal TTL sequence-based route discovery on DSR routing performance. Our results show when caching and overhearing are considered, the route discovery enhanced by an optimal TTL sequence has very similar overhead but higher delay than the basic route discovery mechanism.

Dimitrios Koutsonikolas Saumitra; Dimitrios Koutsonikolas; Saumitra M. Das; Himabindu Pucha; Y. Charlie Hu

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Core location-aided cluster-based routing protocol for mobile ad hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Instead of blindly searching for a route in the entire network, the location-based routing protocol uses the location information of mobile nodes to confine routing space into a smaller range that reduces routing overhead and broadcast storm. In this ... Keywords: GPS, MANET, cluster-based routing, geocasting, routing protocol

Tzay-Farn Shih; Hsu-Chun Yen

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

InRout - A QoS aware route selection algorithm for industrial wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks are a key enabling technology for industrial monitoring applications where the use of wireless infrastructure allows high adaptivity and low cost in terms of installation and retrofitting. To facilitate the move from the current ... Keywords: IEEE 802.15.4, Industrial, Quality of service, Reinforcement learning, Routing, Wireless sensor networks (WSNs)

Berta Carballido Villaverde; Susan Rea; Dirk Pesch

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) User's Manual  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) model is used to calculate highway, rail, or waterway routes within the United States. TRAGIS is a client-server application with the user interface and map data files residing on the user's personal computer and the routing engine and network data files on a network server. The user's manual provides documentation on installation and the use of the many features of the model.

Johnson, PE

2003-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

118

A scalable virtual circuit routing scheme for ATM networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract: We present a scalable VC routing protocol based on the viewserver hierarchy. Each viewserver maintains a partial view of the network. By querying these viewservers, a source obtains a merged view that contains a path to the destination. The ... Keywords: ATM networks, asynchronous transfer mode, blocking probability, destination, packet switching networks, real-time workload, scalable VC routing protocol, scalable virtual circuit routing, setup request packet, simulation, source, storage, viewserver hierarchy

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

OSPF Routing with Optimal Oblivious Performance Ratio Under ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an accurate reflection of real world IP networks, not only because it considers the ... network resources by applying protocols that establish the routing paths, ac-.

120

Optimization Online - Efficient and Fair Routing for Mesh Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 8, 2010 ... The solution that minimizes the total energy spent by the whole ... We propose a distributed and online routing algorithm and compare it to an ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Flexible Solutions to Maritime Inventory Routing Problems with ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simulation study for a liquefied natural gas (LNG) ship routing problem with uncertainty in sailing time and production rate is presented in Halvorsen-Weare et al.

122

The robust vehicle routing problem with time windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 2, 2012 ... Abstract: This paper addresses the robust vehicle routing problem with time windows. We are motivated by a problem that arises in maritime ...

123

MAC and Routing Protocols for Mobile Underwater Acoustic Sensor Swarms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pressure Routing for Underwater Sensor Networks . . . . . .of Aloha Protocols for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks.Critical Applications in Underwater Sensor Networks. In

Noh, Young Tae

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Semantic Routed Network for Distributed Search Engines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Searching for textual information has become an important activity on the web. To satisfy the rising demand and user expectations, search systems should be fast, scalable and deliver relevant results. To decide which objects should be retrieved, search systems should compare holistic meanings of queries and text document objects, as perceived by humans. Existing techniques do not enable correct comparison of composite holistic meanings like: "evidences on role of DR2 gene in development of diabetes in Caucasian population", which is composed of multiple elementary meanings: "evidence", "DR2 gene", etc. Thus these techniques can not discern objects that have a common set of keywords but convey different meanings. Hence we need new methods to compare composite meanings for superior search quality. In distributed search engines, for scalability, speed and efficiency, index entries should be systematically distributed across multiple index-server nodes based on the meaning of the objects. Furthermore, queries should be selectively sent to those index nodes which have relevant entries. This requires an overlay Semantic Routed Network which will route messages, based on meaning. This network will consist of fast response networking appliances called semantic routers. These appliances need to: (a) carry out sophisticated meaning comparison computations at high speed; and (b) have the right kind of behavior to automatically organize an optimal index system. This dissertation presents the following artifacts that enable the above requirements: (1) An algebraic theory, a design of a data structure and related techniques to efficiently compare composite meanings. (2) Algorithms and accelerator architectures for high speed meaning comparisons inside semantic routers and index-server nodes. (3) An overlay network to deliver search queries to the index nodes based on meanings. (4) Algorithms to construct a self-organizing, distributed meaning based index system. The proposed techniques can compare composite meanings ~105 times faster than an equivalent software code and existing hardware designs. Whereas, the proposed index organization approach can lead to 33% savings in number of servers and power consumption in a model search engine having 700,000 servers. Therefore, using all these techniques, it is possible to design a Semantic Routed Network which has a potential to improve search results and response time, while saving resources.

Biswas, Amitava

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Hybrid Trust Model for Internet Routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The current Internet is based on a fundamental assumption of reliability and good intent among actors in the network. Unfortunately, unreliable and malicious behaviour is becoming a major obstacle for Internet communication. In order to improve the trustworthiness and reliability of the network infrastructure, we propose a novel trust model to be incorporated into BGP routing. In our approach, trust model is defined by combining voting and recommendation to direct trust estimation for neighbour routers located in different autonomous systems. We illustrate the impact of our approach with cases that demonstrate the indication of distrusted paths beyond the nearest neighbours and the detection of a distrusted neighbour advertising a trusted path. We simulated the impact of weighting voted and direct trust in a rectangular grid of 15*15 nodes (autonomous systems) with a randomly connected topology.

Rantala, Pekka; Isoaho, Jouni

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Eliminating livelock in flushable routing networks  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a method for livelock-free message routing is provided in a network of interconnected nodes that is flushable in time T. An input message processor generates sequences of at least N time intervals, each of duration T. An input register provides for receiving and holding each input message, where the message is assigned a priority state p during an nth one of the N time intervals. At each of the network nodes a message processor reads the assigned priority state and awards priority to messages with priority state (p-1) during an nth time interval and to messages with priority state p during an (n + 1)th time interval. The messages that are awarded priority are output on an output path toward the addressed output message processor. Thus, no message remains in the network for a time longer than T.

Faber, V.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

127

Exact Routing in Large Road Networks Using Contraction Hierarchies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Contraction hierarchies are a simple approach for fast routing in road networks. Our algorithm calculates exact shortest paths and handles road networks of whole continents. During a preprocessing step, we exploit the inherent hierarchical structure ... Keywords: algorithm engineering, route planning, shortest paths

Robert Geisberger; Peter Sanders; Dominik Schultes; Christian Vetter

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Review: Industrial aspects and literature survey: Fleet composition and routing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to describe industrial aspects of combined fleet composition and routing in maritime and road-based transportation, and to present the current status of research in the form of a comprehensive literature review. First, presents ... Keywords: Fleet composition, Fleet dimensioning, Fleet size and mix, Maritime transportation, Road-based transportation, Vehicle routing

Arild Hoff; Henrik Andersson; Marielle Christiansen; Geir Hasle; Arne Løkketangen

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Fair Coalitions for Power-Aware Routing in Wireless Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several power-aware routing schemes have been developed for wireless networks under the assumption that nodes are willing to sacrifice their power reserves in the interest of the network as a whole. But, in several applications of practical utility, ... Keywords: Wireless communication, algorithm design and analysis, energy-aware systems and routing.

Ratul K. Guha; Carl A. Gunter; Saswati Sarkar

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Designing optimal iBGP route-reflection topologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) is used today by all Autonomous Systems (AS) in the Internet. Inside each AS, iBGP sessions distribute the external routes among the routers. In large ASs, relying on a full-mesh of iBGP sessions between routers is not ... Keywords: BGP, iBGP topology design, optimization, route-reflection

Marc-Olivier Buob; Steve Uhlig; Mickael Meulle

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Routing algorithms for large scale wireless sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Routing in sensor networks is a challenging issue due to inherent constraints such as power, memory, and CPU processing capabilities. In this thesis, we assume an All to All communication mode in an N × N grid sensor network. We explore routing algorithms which load balance the network without compromising the shortest paths constrain. We analyzed the Servetto method and studied two routing strategies, namely Horizontal-Vertical routing and Zigzag routing. The problem is divided into two scenarios, one being the static case (without failed nodes), and the other being the dynamic case (with failed nodes). In static network case, we derived mathematical formulae representing the maximum and minimum loads on a sensor grid, when specific routing strategies are employed. We show improvement in performance in load balancing of the grid by using Horizontal-Vertical method instead of the existing Servetto method. In the dynamic network scenario, we compare the performance of routing strategies with respect to probability of failure of nodes in the grid network. We derived the formulae for the success-ratio, in specific strategies, when nodes fail with a probability of p in a predefined source-destination pair communication. We show that the Servetto method does not perform well in both scenarios. In addition, Hybrid strategy proposed does not perform well compared to the studied strategies. We support the derived formulae and the performance of the routing strategies with extensive simulations.

Nittala Venkata, Lakshmana Prasanth

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A PACKET SWITCHED ROUTING CHIP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monsoon is a parallel processing dataflow computer that will require a high bandwidth interconnection network. A packet switched routing chip (PaRC) is described that will be used as the basis of this network. PaRC is a 4 by 4 routing switch which has ...

C. F. Joerg

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Energy Efficient Routing in Ad Hoc Disaster Recovery Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

disaster site, the Wireless Emergency Response Team (WERT) attempted to locate survivors through signalsEnergy Efficient Routing in Ad Hoc Disaster Recovery Networks Gil Zussman and Adrian Segall. Keywords: Routing, Energy efficient, Energy conserving, Power aware, Disaster recovery networks, Ad hoc

Zussman, Gil

134

Wavelength routing of uniform instances in all-optical rings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the problem of routing uniform communication instances in switched optical rings that use wavelength-division multiplexing technology. A communication instance is called uniform if it consists exactly of all pairs of nodes in the graph whose ... Keywords: Edge load, Optical ring, Routing, Uniform instance, WDM, Wavelength index

Lata Narayanan; Jaroslav Opatrny

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Energy-Aware Routing in Wireless Ad-hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy-Aware Routing in Wireless Ad-hoc Networks Panagiotis C. Kokkinos Christos A. Papageorgiou Emmanouel A. Varvarigos Abstract In this work we study energy efficient routing strate- gies for wireless ad-hoc networks. In this kind of net- works, energy is a scarce resource and its conservation

Varvarigo, Emmanouel "Manos"

136

HLP: a next generation inter-domain routing protocol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is well-known that BGP, the current inter-domain routing protocol, has many deficiencies. This paper describes a hybrid link-state and path-vector protocol called HLP as an alternative to BGP that has vastly better scalability, isolation and convergence ... Keywords: BGP, convergence, inter-domain routing, scalability

Lakshminarayanan Subramanian; Matthew Caesar; Cheng Tien Ee; Mark Handley; Morley Mao; Scott Shenker; Ion Stoica

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Optimizing Ship Routing to Maximize Fleet Revenue at Danaos  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present an innovative toolkit that Danaos Corporation developed and deployed to optimize ship routing. Operations Research In Ship MAnagement ORISMA provides a clear answer to the conventional dilemma of least-cost voyage versus faster ... Keywords: cargo transport optimization, dynamic programming, maritime routing, voyage planning

Takis Varelas; Sofia Archontaki; John Dimotikalis; Osman Turan; Iraklis Lazakis; Orestis Varelas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Cluster based dynamic routing on powerline carrier network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Topology of power line carrier network (PLCN) is complex, fast changeable and its channel is time-variant. To enhance the availability and effectiveness of network communication, a cluster based dynamic routing algorithm (CBDR) is proposed in the paper. ... Keywords: cluster algorithm, dynamic route, powerline carrier network, tree-topology

Hong Li; Wang Kensheng; Li Shurong; Zou Weixia; Zhou Zheng

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Optimized query routing trees for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to process continuous queries over Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), sensors are typically organized in a Query Routing Tree (denoted as T) that provides each sensor with a path over which query results can be transmitted to the querying node. ... Keywords: Critical path method, Query routing trees, Sensor networks

Panayiotis Andreou; Demetrios Zeinalipour-Yazti; Andreas Pamboris; Panos K. Chrysanthis; George Samaras

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Optimum Ship Routing and It's Implementation on the Web  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optimum Ship Routing can be defined as "The selection of an optimum track for a transoceanic crossing by the application of long-range predictions of wind, waves and currents to the knowledge of how the routed vessel reacts to these variables". Generally, ...

Heeyong Lee; Gilyoung Kong; Sihwa Kim; Cholseong Kim; Jaechul Lee

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Focused beam routing protocol for underwater acoustic networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multi-hop transmission is considered for large coverage areas in bandwidth-limited underwater acoustic networks. In this paper, we present a scalable routing technique based on location information, and optimized for minimum energy per bit consumption. ... Keywords: power control, routing, underwater acoustic networks

Josep Miquel Jornet; Milica Stojanovic; Michele Zorzi

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Partitioning Routing Area into Zones with Distinct Pins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Topological routing has gained importance in state-of-the-art layout synthesis. This paper poses the problem of partitioning the routing area of a given placement into a minimum set of zones such that in each zone, no two pins belong to the same net. ...

K. Sinha; S. Sur-Kolay; B. B. Bhattacharya; P. S. Dasgupta

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

A case for bufferless routing in on-chip networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Buffers in on-chip networks consume significant energy, occupy chip area, and increase design complexity. In this paper, we make a case for a new approach to designing on-chip interconnection networks that eliminates the need for buffers for routing ... Keywords: memory systems, multi-core, on-chip networks, routing

Thomas Moscibroda; Onur Mutlu

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Worst-Case optimal and average-case efficient geometric ad-hoc routing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present GOAFR, a new geometric ad-hoc routing algorithm combining greedy and face routing. We evaluate this algorithm by both rigorous analysis and comprehensive simulation. GOAFR is the first ad-hoc algorithm to be both asymptotically ... Keywords: ad-hoc networks, face routing, geometric routing, network connectivity, performance, routing, simulation, wireless communication

Fabian Kuhn; Rogert Wattenhofer; Aaron Zollinger

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

DOE HQ Shuttle Bus Schedule and Route | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE HQ Shuttle Bus Schedule and Route DOE HQ Shuttle Bus Schedule and Route DOE HQ Shuttle Bus Schedule and Route The DOE Shuttle Buses follow the same schedules between the two main Headquarters locations, Forrestal and Germantown. The buses start their routes at each Headquarters facility at the same times, see the schedule below. The subsequent stops at the other facilities are relative to the departure time of each route. Headquarters employees are reminded of the statutory provisions that authorize and limit the use of the shuttle bus service. Specific authority for the use of appropriated funds to pay for transportation for official purposes is contained in section 1344(a)(1) of Title 31, U.S. Code. Use of this transportation for any other purpose is inappropriate and against the law.

146

Routing SCADA data through an enterprise WAN  

SciTech Connect

Houston Lighting and Power (HL and P) and many other large utilities have investigated substantial resources in developing integrated enterprise wide area networks (WANs). The WAN provides unprecedented opportunities for integrating information throughout the corporation, resulting in improved efficiency and reduced costs of operation. In contrast, present dedicated point-to-point SCADA data circuits from the energy management system (EMS) to remote terminal units (RTUs) are not currently integrated with the network, nor replicated in any offsite backup system. An integrated approach might integrate communications from selected RTUs over the WAN to a backup system or the EMS. Such an approach would potentially provide improved disaster recovery, more efficient use of communications, reduced maintenance costs, and improved availability of operational data. RTU data, however, is fundamentally different from most other WAN traffic in that it is critical to the moment-to-moment operation of the utility and consists of a large number of messages repeated frequently and continuously. There are valid concerns as to whether the stability, availability, and inherent latency of the WAN would be adequate to support operations of a backup or primary SCADA system. There are also concerns about the adverse effects that SCADA traffic might have on the WAN. These concerns led to the project featured in this article, which tested the operational suitability and effectiveness of routing SCADA data between selected RTUs and a central site on the WAN.

Flowers, T.; Houle, B. [Houston Lighting and Power, TX (United States); Retzer, J.; Ramanathan, R. [National Systems and Research, Camas, WA (United States)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

from Tucum Oil via an Alkaline Route  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. A simple, fast, and complete route for the production of methylic and ethylic biodiesel from tucum oil is described. Aliquots of the oil obtained directly from pressed tucum (pulp and almonds) were treated with potassium methoxide or ethoxide at 40 ? Cfor 40 min. The biodiesel form was removed from the reactor and washed with 0.1 M HCl aqueous solution. A simple distillation at 100 ? C was carried out in order to remove water and alcohol species from the biodiesel. The oxidative stability index was obtained for the tucum oil as well as the methylic and ethylic biodiesel at 6.13, 2.90, and 2.80 h, for storage times higher than 8 days. Quality control of the original oil and of the methylic and ethylic biodiesels, such as the amount of glycerin produced during the transesterification process, was accomplished by the TLC, GC-MS, and FT-IR techniques. The results obtained in this study indicate a potential biofuel production by simple treatment of tucum, an important Amazonian fruit. 1.

Characterization Of Methylic; Ethylic Biodiesels; Marcelo Firmino De Oliveira; Andressa Tironi Vieira; Antônio Carlos Ferreira Batista; Hugo De Souza Rodrigues; Nelson Ramos Stradiotto

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Modeling on quicksand: dealing with the scarcity of ground truth in interdomain routing data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Researchers studying the interdomain routing system, its properties and new protocols, face many challenges in performing realistic evaluations and simulations. Modeling decisions with respect to AS-level topology, routing policies and traffic matrices ... Keywords: bgp, interdomain routing, simulations

Phillipa Gill; Michael Schapira; Sharon Goldberg

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

A Set-Partitioning-Based Model for the Stochastic Vehicle Routing ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

where cost savings of roughly 5% are possible. ... and home heating oil. ... routes that minimizes the sum of the costs of the planned routes and the expected cost ...

150

Charting a New Carbon Route to Development | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Charting a New Carbon Route to Development Charting a New Carbon Route to Development Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Charting a New Carbon Route to Development Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Topics: Low emission development planning Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.beta.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/ourwork/environmentandenergy/fo Cost: Free Language: English Charting a New Carbon Route to Development Screenshot "UNDP recognizes the critical need to support developing country governments to build on their existing development strategies and coordination experiences (e.g., National Communications, National Adaptation Plan of Action, National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan, UN Development Assistance Framework, Country Assistance Strategy,

151

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance...

152

Cooperative game-based routing approach for wireless sensor network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aiming at the security and limited energy issues in wireless sensor network, this paper introduces a secure and energy-saving routing protocol based on cooperative game strategy. A novel incentive mechanism is proposed: all the nodes including the selfish ...

Fengyun Li; Guiran Chang; Lan Yao; Fuxiang Gao

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Aerosol Route Synthesis of Copper Oxide Nanoparticles Using ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Aerosol Route Synthesis of Copper Oxide Nanoparticles Using Copper Nitrate Solution ... Phase Transformation Hardening by Using High -Power Direct Diode Laser ... Defect Energetics and Fission Product Transport in ZrC.

154

Encoding network-constrained travel trajectories using routing algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study proposes a generic encoder for network-constrained travel trajectories, and it implements two encoders by combining the proposed generic encoder with two routing algorithms, which reduce the size of a travel trajectory's path along ...

Pablo Martinez Lerin; Daisuke Yamamoto; Naohisa Takahashi

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Implementation of a cluster based routing protocol for mobile networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We show the implementation and the simulation results of a hierarchical, cluster based routing protocol for mobile ad hoc networks using Parallel Virtual Machine (PVM). The network represented by a graph is partitioned into clusters by a graph ...

Geoffrey Marshall; Kayhan Erciyes

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

A comparison of routing sets for robust network design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

show that the optimal cost provided by volume routing is not less than the ... best case, we can estimate a set that contains most likely values for the demand.

157

Opportunistic routing in multi-hop wireless networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes ExOR, an integrated routing and MAC protocol for bulk transfers in multi-hop wireless networks. ExOR exploits the broadcast nature of radios by making forwarding decisions based on which nodes receive ...

Biswas, Sanjit Zubin

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Orthogonal Rendezvous Routing Protocol for Wireless Mesh Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Routing in multi-hop wireless networks involves the indirection from a persistent name (or ID) to a locator. Concepts such as coordinate space embedding help reduce the number and dynamism complexity of bindings and state ...

Cheng, Bow-Nan

159

Optimization Online - The Price of Atomic Selfish Ring Routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 27, 2008 ... The Price of Atomic Selfish Ring Routing. Bo Chen (b.chen ***at*** warwick.ac.uk ) Xujin Chen (xchen ***at*** amss.ac.cn) Xiaodong Hu (xdhu ...

160

Route-Based Control of Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Today's hybrid electric vehicle controls cannot always provide maximum fuel savings over all drive cycles. Route-based controls could improve HEV fuel efficiency by 2%-4% and help save nearly 6.5 million gallons of fuel annually.

Gonder, J. D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

The Robust Network Loading Problem with Static Routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(sk,tk) be a node pair and let dk = dsktk be the uncertain demand to be routed from .... maximum mismatch between capacities and demands, taking values in a.

162

Post-routing redundant via insertion with wire spreading capability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Redundant via insertion is a widely recommended technique to enhance the via yield and reliability. In this paper, the post-routing redundant via insertion problem is transformed to a mixed bipartite-conflict graph matching problem, and an efficient ...

Cheok-Kei Lei; Po-Yi Chiang; Yu-Min Lee

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

ExplicitRouteParam (GLASSHelp Version 2.0)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Methods inherited from class java.util.AbstractList. iterator, listIterator, listIterator. ... iterator, listIterator, listIterator. Constructor Detail. ExplicitRouteParam ...

2009-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

164

Routing with end-to-end QoS guarantees in broadband networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: QoS routing, constrained path optimization, hierarchical networks, rate-based schedulers, topology aggregation

Ariel Orda

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Message-driven based energy-efficient routing in heterogeneous delay-tolerant networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Delay-Tolerant Network (DTN) nodes are mostly energy-limited devices that run on battery power. DTN routing strategies on such resource-constrained nodes therefore need to be energy efficient. Contemporary routing protocols such as Two-Hop Routing (2HR) ... Keywords: dtn, energy efficiency, heterogeneity, performance modeling, routing

V. K. Chaithanya Manam; V. Mahendran; C. Siva Ram Murthy

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Dynamic routing with inaccurate link state information in integrated IP-over-WDM networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we investigate the problem of dynamically routing bandwidth-guaranteed label switched paths (LSPs) in integrated IP-over-wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) networks with inaccurate link state information. To select a good path, a routing ... Keywords: GMPLS, IP-over-WDM, Integrated routing, QoS routing, Uncertainty modeling

J. Li; G. Mohan; E. Cheng Tien; K. C. Chua

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Integrating service discovery with routing and session management for ad-hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose GSR: a new routing and session management protocol for ad-hoc networks as an integral part of a service discovery infrastructure. Traditional approaches place routing at a layer below service discovery. While this distinction ... Keywords: Ad-hoc networks, Routing, Service discovery, Service-centric routing, Session management

Dipanjan Chakraborty; Anupam Joshi; Yelena Yesha

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Routing Technique Based on Clustering for Data Duplication Prevention in Wireless Sensor Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wireless Sensor Networks is important to nodes energy consumption for long activity of sensor nodes because nodes that compose sensor network are small size, and battery capacity is limited. For energy consumption decrease of sensor nodes, sensor networks routing technique is divided by flat routing and hierarchical routing technique. Specially, hierarchical routing technique is energy efficient routing protocol to pare down energy consumption of whole sensor nodes and to scatter energy consumption of sensor nodes by forming cluster and communicating with cluster head. but though hierarchical routing technique based on clustering is advantage more than flat routing technique, this is not used for reason that is not realistic. The reason that is not realistic is because hierarchical routing technique does not consider data transmission radius of sensor node in actually. so this paper propose realistic routing technique base on clustering.

Kim, Boseung; Shin, Yongtae

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Ship routing and scheduling with cargo coupling and synchronization constraints  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to introduce and solve a planning problem faced by shipping companies operating in a special segment of tramp shipping called project shipping. Project shipping differs from other more traditional tramp segments because the ... Keywords: Path-flow, Ship routing and scheduling, Synchronization

Henrik Andersson; Jon M. Duesund; Kjetil Fagerholt

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Minimum power allocation for cooperative routing in multihop wireless networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the limited energy supplies of nodes, in many applications like wireless sensor networks, energy-efficiency is crucial for extending the lifetime of these networks. We study the routing problem for multihop wireless ad hoc networks based on cooperative ...

Behrouz Maham; Are Hjørungnes

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Energy-balanced cooperative routing in multihop wireless networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cooperative communication (CC) allows multiple nodes to simultaneously transmit the same packet to the receiver so that the combined signal at the receiver can be correctly decoded. Since the CC can reduce the transmission power and extend the transmission ... Keywords: Cooperative routing, Energy balancing, Multihop networks

Siyuan Chen; Yang Li; Minsu Huang; Ying Zhu; Yu Wang

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

BGP-lens: patterns and anomalies in internet routing updates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) is one of the fundamental computer communication protocols. Monitoring and mining BGP update messages can directly reveal the health and stability of Internet routing. Here we make two contributions: firstly we ... Keywords: BGP monitoring, anomalies, patterns, self-similarity

B. Aditya Prakash; Nicholas Valler; David Andersen; Michalis Faloutsos; Christos Faloutsos

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Power Savings in Packet Networks via Optimised Routing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the use of a gradient-based algorithm for Quality of Service (QoS) and power minimisation in wired networks to result on reduced energy consumption. Two distinct schemes, conventional shortest-path routing and an autonomic algorithm ... Keywords: QoS, computer networks, energy optimisation

Erol Gelenbe; Christina Morfopoulou

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

An Integrated Scenario-Based Approach for Robust Aircraft Routing ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

introduced a new algorithm to accurately calculate and minimize the cost of propagated .... allows an airline to incorporate historical primary delay information into the .... Maintenance feasible routings are represented as columns of an m × nR binary matrix ...... Transportation Research Board 87th Annual Meeting, 2008.

175

Energy Efficient Routing in Ad Hoc Disaster Recovery Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, during the rescue attempts in the World Trade Center disaster site, the Wireless Emergency Response TeamEnergy Efficient Routing in Ad Hoc Disaster Recovery Networks Gil Zussman and Adrian Segall, energy conserving, power aware, disaster recovery networks, ad hoc networks, smart badges, IEEE 802.15 1

Zussman, Gil

176

Maximizing Battery Life Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Maximizing Battery Life Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Weifa Liang Department of Computer Abstract--Most wireless ad hoc networks consist of mobile devices which operate on batteries. Power con, for an ad hoc network consisting of the same type of battery mobile nodes, two approximation algorithms

Liang, Weifa

177

Hierarchical-Battery Aware Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hierarchical-Battery Aware Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Ravi Musunuri Jorge A. Cobb monitoring applications. Pulsed battery discharge from the nodes prolongs the battery capacity as compared to constant discharge. Idle time between the pulses of discharge helps in recovering the discharged battery

Cobb, Jorge Arturo

178

Feedstock Routing in the ExxonMobil Downstream Sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ExxonMobil annually transports significant volumes of vacuum gas oil (VGO) from supply points in Europe to refineries in the United States. Optimizing these transportation costs by using modern mathematical programming technology can provide significant ... Keywords: inventory routing, maritime shipping, refinery feedstocks

Kevin C. Furman; Jin-Hwa Song; Gary R. Kocis; Michael K. McDonald; Philip H. Warrick

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Survey A survey of routing protocols for smart grid communications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the recent initiatives to upgrade the existing power grid to the Smart Grid (SG), there has been a significant interest in the design and development of an efficient communications infrastructure for connecting different components of the SG. In ... Keywords: HANs, NANs, Routing, Smart grid, Smart grid communications network, WANs

Nico Saputro; Kemal Akkaya; Suleyman Uludag

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Energy-Efficient Networking Energy-Aware Routing Protocol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from to a physical server in another DC, when, the second DC has access to the renewable energy sourcesEnergy-Efficient Networking Energy-Aware Routing Protocol Minimum Power Topology Energy-Aware Admission Control Management of Resources in the Liquid Network Summary Energy Efficient Protocols in Self

Tobagi, Fouad

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Transportation Network Routing Models RNL has a staff with extensive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis Geo-Spatial Information Tools Defense Transportation Energy Policy Analysis Environmental Policy is a representation of the North American railroad system that contains every active railroad route in the US, Canada are the effects of changes in transportation costs, demands, or policies? ORNL's Comparative Advantage

182

Moving routing protocols to the user space in MANET middleware  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET) middleware must be aware of the underlying multi-hop topology to self-adapt and to improve its communication efficiency. For this reason, many approaches rely on specific cross-layer communications to interact with the network ... Keywords: Group communication, Middleware, Mobile Ad Hoc Networks, Routing protocols

Pedro García López; Raúl Gracia Tinedo; Josep M. Banús Alsina

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Multi-VPN optimization for scalable routing via relaying  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Enterprise networks are increasingly adopting Layer-3 multiprotocol label switching (MPLS) virtual private network (VPN) technology to connect geographically disparate locations. The any-to-any direct connectivity model of this technology is causing ... Keywords: measurement, optimization, routing, virtual private network (VPN)

MohammadHossein Bateni; Alexandre Gerber; MohammadTaghi Hajiaghayi; Subhabrata Sen

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Group leader election under link-state routing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we place a long-established distributed computing problem in a new context. Specifically, the group leader election problem is studied ''inside the network,'' meaning that participants in the election process are network switches/routers, ... Keywords: Asynchronous transfer mode networks, Internet, Leader election, Link-state routing, Multicast communication

Y. Huang; P. K. Mckinley

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

A Mercurial Route to a Cobalt Dihydrogen Complex  

SciTech Connect

Recent results by Heinekey and co-workers provide evidence for an unusual route to a cobalt dihydrogen complex. This work was supported by the US Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences' Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

Bullock, R. Morris

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

186

Optimal Routing and Assignment of Consultants for Energy Education, Inc.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy Education, Inc. EEI, a US management consulting firm, specializes in implementing energy conservation programs for schools, universities, and large churches. Similar to many consulting firms, travel expenses are among its largest budget items. ... Keywords: cluster analysis, consulting, employee assignment, vehicle routing

Junfang Yu; Randy Hoff

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Towards adaptable ad hoc networks: the routing experience  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Network users not only demand new and versatile application support by the networks but they themselves are becoming part of the network (network routers, caches, processors, etc) by contributing their resources to it and being engaged in ad hoc networking ... Keywords: ad hoc, adaptability, autonomic, routing, wireless

Cesar A. Santivanez; Ioannis Stavrakakis

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Making link-state routing scale for ad hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we introduce a class of approaches that attempt to scale link-state routing by limiting the scope of link state update dissemination in space and over time. We present the first fundamental analysis of this generic class, which we call ...

César A. Santiváñez; Ram Ramanathan; Ioannis Stavrakakis

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Conflict-free container routing in mesh yard layouts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Container terminals play an important role in global cargo transportation and they have become an essential intermodal interface between the sea and the land. In the container terminal, the service area is often arranged into rectangular blocks, which ... Keywords: Conflict-free, Container, Mesh yard layout, Number theory, Routing algorithm, Time requirement

Jianyang Zeng; Wen-Jing Hsu

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

The Adversarial Route Analysis Tool: A Web Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Adversarial Route Analysis Tool is a type of Google maps for adversaries. It's a web-based Geospatial application similar to Google Maps. It helps the U.S. government plan operations that predict where an adversary might be. It's easily accessible and maintainble and it's simple to use without much training.

Casson, William H. Jr. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

191

Underwater wireless sensor networks: routing issues and future challenges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the advancements of acoustic modem technology that supports better data rates with reliable communications, current research focuses on algorithms those can support such technology in a better way. During the last two decades, many protocols suggested ... Keywords: acoustic communicaitons, intermettent networks, routing protocols, underwater sensor networks

Muhammad Ayaz; Azween Abdullah

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Autonomous mobile agent routing for efficient server resource allocation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mobile agents are becoming increasingly important in the highly distributed applications frameworks seen today. Their routing/dispatching from node to node is a very important issue as we need to safeguard application efficiency, achieve better load ... Keywords: Bounded rationality-Santa Fe Bar Problem, Efficient resource utilization, Mobile agents

Vasileios Baousis; Stathes Hadjiefthymiades; George Alyfantis; Lazaros Merakos

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

A PARALLEL INTEGER PROGRAMMING APPROACH TO GLOBAL ROUTING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and decomposition, GRIP demonstrates tremendous improvement in wirelength, with the same or lower usage in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Electrical and Computer PROGRAMMING APPROACH TO GLOBAL ROUTING Tai-Hsuan Wu Azadeh Davoodi, Assistant Professor, Electrical

Davoodi, Azadeh

194

The integrated production---inventory---distribution---routing problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The integration of production and distribution decisions presents a challenging problem for manufacturers trying to optimize their supply chain. At the planning level, the immediate goal is to coordinate production, inventory, and delivery to meet customer ... Keywords: Allocation model, Inventory, Lot-sizing, Production planning, Tabu search, Vehicle routing problem

Jonathan F. Bard; Narameth Nananukul

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

A novel droplet routing algorithm for digital microfluidic biochips  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the recent areas of research interest is the use of microfluidics for building up biochips, the digital microfluidic biochips (DMFB). This paper deals with a challenging problem related to the design of DMFB. Specifically the design problem considered ... Keywords: biochips, layout, microfluidics, placement and routing

Pranab Roy; Hafizur Rahaman; Parthasarathi Dasgupta

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Routing in sparse splitting optical networks with multicast traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we investigate the problem of Multicast Routing in Sparse Splitting Networks (MR-SSN). Given a network topology with the multicast capable nodes distributed uniformly throughout the network, and a multicast session, the MR-SSN problem ... Keywords: Steiner tree, Tabu search, light splitting, multicast, power issues

Shuguang Yan; Jitender S. Deogun; Maher Ali

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Localized power-aware routing in linear wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy-efficency is a key concern when designing protocols for wireless sensor networks (WSN). This is of particular importance in commercial applications where demonstrable return on investment is a crucial factor. One such commercial application that ... Keywords: energy efficiency, linear topology, localized protocol, routing, wireless sensor network

Marco Zimmerling; Waltenegus Dargie; Johnathan M. Reason

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Lifetime based routing algorithm in emergency object tracking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensor networks have many applications, a typical setting is in nature environment monitoring, such as forest fire, tsunami, and earthquake. In order to be easily deployed in this environment, sensor device is design to have small form factor, and as ... Keywords: betweenness, network model, object tracking, routing algorithm

Yihjia Tsai; Wenfa Huang; Chengchin Lin

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Semantic Web-Based Management of Routing Configurations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Today, network operators typically reason about network behaviour by observing the effects of a particular configuration in operation. This configuration process typically involves logging configuration changes and rolling back to a previous version ... Keywords: BGP, Conflict detection, Network management, Policy languages, Routing policy, Semantic web

Félix J. García Clemente; Jose M. Alcaraz Calero; Jorge Bernal Bernabé; Juan Manuel Marín Pérez; Gregorio Martínez Pérez; Antonio F. Gómez Skarmeta

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Optimal Routing and Scheduling in Multihop Wireless Renewable Energy Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimal Routing and Scheduling in Multihop Wireless Renewable Energy Networks MHR. Khouzani-constrained wireless ad-hoc networks where nodes are powered by renewable energy sources. We take into account the fact that renewable energy harvesting processes are unpredictable and stochastic in nature ­ typically depending

Sarkar, Saswati

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

A Co-optimization Routing Algorithm in Wireless Sensor Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The MACORA is presented to solve the collision between mobile agent and multicast suppression in channel competitive process. With two-layer graph model, the channel converter problem in the dual-channel wireless sensor networks can be simplified into ... Keywords: Co-optimization, Dual-channel, Mobile agent, Packet transmission, The optimal route Restoring, Wireless sensor networks

Ran Jin, Chunhai Kou, Ruijuan Liu, Yefeng Li

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Routing for power minimization in the speed scaling model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study network optimization that considers power minimization as an objective. Studies have shown that mechanisms such as speed scaling can significantly reduce the power consumption of telecommunication networks by matching the consumption of each ... Keywords: power saving, routing, speed scaling, wireline networks

Matthew Andrews; Antonio Fernández Anta; Lisa Zhang; Wenbo Zhao

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

A new hybrid traffic engineering routing algorithm for bandwidth guaranteed traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new hybrid traffic engineering routing algorithm for bandwidth guaranteed traffic. Former traffic engineering routing algorithms mainly optimize one of the three objectives: minimizing the hop count, balancing the load and minimizing ...

Zhaowei Meng; Jinshu Su; Stefano Avallone

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

An intelligent routing approach using genetic algorithms for quality graded network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intelligent routing in networks has opened up many challenges in modelling and methods, over the past decade. Many techniques do exist for routing on such an environment where path determination was carried out by advertisement, position and near-optimum ...

T.R. Gopalakrishnan Nair; Kavitha Sooda

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

S4: small state and small stretch routing protocol for large wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Routing protocols for wireless sensor networks must address the challenges of reliable packet delivery at increasingly large scale and highly constrained node resources. Attempts to limit node state can result in undesirable worst-case routing performance, ...

Yun Mao; Feng Wang; Lili Qiu; Simon S. Lam; Jonathan M. Smith

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Synchronization in Vehicle Routing---A Survey of VRPs with Multiple Synchronization Constraints  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a survey of vehicle routing problems with multiple synchronization constraints. These problems exhibit, in addition to the usual task covering constraints, further synchronization requirements between the vehicles, concerning spatial, ... Keywords: coordination, survey, synchronization, trailer, transshipment, vehicle routing

Michael Drexl

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

A Physically Based Runoff Routing Model for Land Surface and Earth System Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new physically based runoff routing model, called the Model for Scale Adaptive River Transport (MOSART), has been developed to be applicable across local, regional, and global scales. Within each spatial unit, surface runoff is first routed ...

Hongyi Li; Mark S. Wigmosta; Huan Wu; Maoyi Huang; Yinghai Ke; André M. Coleman; L. Ruby Leung

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

A Branch-and-Price Method for a Liquefied Natural Gas Inventory Routing Problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a maritime inventory routing problem in the liquefied natural gas (LNG) business, called the LNG inventory routing problem (LNG-IRP). Here, an actor is responsible for the routing of the fleet of special purpose ships, and the inventories ... Keywords: branch-and-price, column generation, maritime transportation

Roar Grønhaug; Marielle Christiansen; Guy Desaulniers; Jacques Desrosiers

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

A memetic algorithm for the multi-compartment vehicle routing problem with stochastic demands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The multi-compartment vehicle routing problem (MC-VRP) consists of designing transportation routes to satisfy the demands of a set of customers for several products that, because of incompatibility constraints, must be loaded in independent vehicle compartments. ... Keywords: Evolutionary algorithms, Memetic algorithms, Multi-compartment vehicle routing problem, Stochastic demands

Jorge E. Mendoza; Bruno Castanier; Christelle Guéret; Andrés L. Medaglia; Nubia Velasco

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

On energy efficiency of geographic opportunistic routing in lossy multihop wireless networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geographic opportunistic routing (GOR) is an emerging technique that can improve energy efficiency in lossy multihop wireless networks. GOR makes local routing decision by using nodes' location information, and exploits the broadcast nature and spatial ... Keywords: Energy efficiency, Geographic opportunistic routing, Multihop wireless networks

Kai Zeng; Jie Yang; Wenjing Lou

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

A web spatial decision support system for vehicle routing using Google Maps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents a user-friendly web-based spatial decision support system (wSDSS) aimed at generating optimized vehicle routes for multiple vehicle routing problems that involve serving the demand located along arcs of a transportation network. ... Keywords: Google MapsTM, Heuristics, Spatial decision support systems, Vehicle routing

Luís Santos; João Coutinho-Rodrigues; Carlos Henggeler Antunes

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

A prioritized battery-aware routing protocol for wireless ad hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is a challenge area in the field of ad hoc networks to support prioritized routing for time sensitive applications, such as multimedia communications, IP telephony and interactive games. However the existing protocols did not consider the special ... Keywords: battery models, battery-awareness, energy efficiency, prioritized routing, routing protocols, wireless ad hoc networks

Chi Ma; Yuanyuan Yang

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

A hybrid GA-TS algorithm for open vehicle routing optimization of coal mines material  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the open vehicle routing problem (OVRP), the objective is to minimize the number of vehicles and the total distance (or time) traveled. This study primarily focuses on solving an open vehicle routing problem (OVRP) by applying a novel hybrid genetic ... Keywords: Coal mine material, Genetic algorithms, Hybrid, Open vehicle routing problem, Optimize, Tabu search

Shiwei Yu; Chang Ding; Kejun Zhu

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Coverage preserved optimal routing protocol for improving the quality of service in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In wireless sensor network, there are many hurdles takes place in providing quality of service routing to a desired level. The majority of routing protocols in wireless sensor networks concentrates only on energy efficiency as a prime factor, and only ... Keywords: cluster-head, coverage, energy efficiency, lifetime, multi-path routing, quality of service, self-scheduling

B. Paramasivan; K. Mohaideen Pitchai; D. Usha; S. Radha Krishnan

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Transgenetic algorithm for the periodic mobile piston pump unit routing problem with continuous oil replenishment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports the application of a transgenetic algorithm to the periodic mobile piston pump unit routing problem with continuous oil replenishment, a complex problem that occurs in the exploitation of onshore oil fields. The transgenetic algorithms ... Keywords: continuous oil replenishment, evolutionary algorithm, mobile pumps, onshore oil fields, periodic mobile piston pump unit routing, piston pumps, routing, scheduling, transgenetic algorithms

Marco Cesar Goldbarg; Elizabeth Ferreira Gouvea Goldbarg; Herbert De Melo Duarte

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Revisiting routing control platforms with the eyes and muscles of software-defined networking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Prior work on centralized Routing Control Platform (RCP) has shown many benefits in flexible routing, enhanced security, and ISP connectivity management tasks. In this paper, we discuss RCPs in the context of OpenFlow/SDN, describing potential use cases ... Keywords: bgp, openflow, routing architecture, sdn, virtualization

Christian Esteve Rothenberg; Marcelo Ribeiro Nascimento; Marcos Rogerio Salvador; Carlos Nilton Araujo Corrêa; Sidney Cunha de Lucena; Robert Raszuk

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Solving vehicle routing problems using an enhanced clarke-wright algorithm: a case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A vehicle routing problem (VRP) is an optimization problem encountered in many applications some of them even not directly related to vehicle routing. For a given fleet of vehicles (or service personnel) the goal of a VRP is to seek delivering products ... Keywords: case study, decision support, savings algorithm, vehicle routing problem

Buyang Cao

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

The exact solution of several classes of inventory-routing problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to be competitive companies need to take advantage of synergistic interactions between different decision areas. Two of these are related to the distribution and inventory management processes. Inventory-Routing Problems (IRPs) arise when inventory ... Keywords: Branch-and-cut, Consistency, Inventory management, Inventory-routing, Multi-vehicle, Transshipment, Vehicle routing

Leandro C. Coelho; Gilbert Laporte

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

An ant swarm-inspired energy-aware routing protocol for wireless ad-hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Primitive routing protocols for ad-hoc networks are ''power hungry'' and can therefore consume considerable amount of the limited amount of battery power resident in the nodes. Thus, routing in ad-hoc networks is very much energy-constrained. Continuous ... Keywords: Ad-hoc networks, Ant colony optimization, Energy-efficiency, Performance evaluation, Routing, Simulation

Sudip Misra; Sanjay K. Dhurandher; Mohammad S. Obaidat; Pushkar Gupta; Karan Verma; Prayag Narula

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Development of trail network model and web-based bikeway routing service system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A trail network data model provides an infrastructure that can be used for non-motorized transportation analysis and decision making. In this paper, a trail network model, TNM, is discussed, and a web-based bikeway routing service system, BikerRouting, ... Keywords: bikeway routing, trail network model

Qifeng Lu; Stephen Sedlock

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Oblivious routing for fat-tree based system area networks with uncertain traffic demands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fat-tree based system area networks have been widely adopted in high performance computing clusters. In such systems, the routing is often deterministic and the traffic demand is usually uncertain and changing. In this paper, we study routing performance ... Keywords: fat-tree, oblivious routing, system area networks

Xin Yuan; Wickus Nienaber; Zhenhai Duan; Rami Melhem

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Adaptive and deadlock-free tree-based multicast routing for networks-on-chip  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the first synthesizable network-on-chip (NoC) based on a mesh topology, which supports adaptive and deadlock-free tree-based multicast routing without virtual channels. The deadlock-free routing algorithms for unicast and multicast ... Keywords: network-on-chip (NoC), synchronous parallel pipeline, tree-based multicast routing, wormhole packet switching

Faizal Arya Samman; Thomas Hollstein; Manfred Glesner

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Location-aware routing protocol with dynamic adaptation of request zone for mobile ad hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One possibility direction to assist routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET) is to use geographical location information provided by positioning devices such as global positioning systems (GPS). Instead of searching the route in the entire network blindly, ... Keywords: GPS, MANET, location-aware, position-based, routing protocol

Tzay-Farn Shih; Hsu-Chun Yen

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Invited Review: Industrial aspects and literature survey: Combined inventory management and routing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes industrial aspects of combined inventory management and routing in maritime and road-based transportation, and gives a classification and comprehensive literature review of the current state of the research. The literature is contrasted ... Keywords: Inventory management, Inventory routing, Vehicle routing

Henrik Andersson; Arild Hoff; Marielle Christiansen; Geir Hasle; Arne Løkketangen

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

A Novel Trust-Aware Geographical Routing Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks are vulnerable to a wide set of security attacks, including those targeting the routing protocol functionality. The applicability of legacy security solutions is disputable (if not infeasible), due to severe restrictions in node ... Keywords: Routing attacks, Secure routing, Security, Trust model, Wireless sensor networks

Theodore Zahariadis; Panagiotis Trakadas; Helen C. Leligou; Sotiris Maniatis; Panagiotis Karkazis

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Swarm intelligence based routing protocol for wireless sensor networks: Survey and future directions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Swarm intelligence is a relatively novel field. It addresses the study of the collective behaviors of systems made by many components that coordinate using decentralized controls and self-organization. A large part of the research in swarm intelligence ... Keywords: Ant colony routing, Bee-inspired routing, Routing protocols, Swarm intelligence, Wireless sensor networks

Muhammad Saleem; Gianni A. Di Caro; Muddassar Farooq

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

228

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

229

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

230

Energy-Efficient Cooperative Routing in BER Constrained Multihop Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract — Due to the limited energy supplies of nodes, in many applications like wireless sensor networks energy-efficiency is crucial for extending the lifetime of these networks. We study the routing problem for multihop wireless ad hoc networks based on cooperative transmission. The source node wants to transmit messages to a single destination. Other nodes in the network may operate as relay nodes. In this paper, we propose a cooperative multihop routing for the purpose of power savings, constrained on a required bit error rate (BER) at the destination. We derive analytical results for line and grid network topologies. It is shown that energy savings of 100 % are achievable in line and grid networks with a large number of nodes for BER =10 ?4 constraint at the destination. I.

Behrouz Maham; Mérouane Debbah; Are Hjørungnes

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

232

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

233

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

234

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

235

I/O Congestion Avoidance via Routing and Object Placement  

SciTech Connect

As storage systems get larger to meet the the demands of petascale systems, careful planning must be applied to avoid congestion points and extract the maximum performance. In addition, the large size of the data sets generated by such systems makes it desirable for all compute resources in a center to have common access to this data without needing to copy it to each machine. This paper describes a method of placing I/O close to the storage nodes to minimize contention on Cray's SeaStar2+ network, and extends it to a routed Lustre configuration to gain the same benefits when running against a center-wide file system. Our experiments show performance improvements for both direct attached and routed file systems.

Dillow, David A [ORNL; Shipman, Galen M [ORNL; Oral, H Sarp [ORNL; Zhang, Zhe [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Period doubling route to chaos in Taylor-Green dynamo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We perform spectral simulations of dynamo for magnetic Prandtl number of one with Taylor-Green forcing. We observe dynamo transition through a supercritical pitchfork bifurcation. Beyond the transition, the numerical simulations reveal complex dynamo states with windows of constant, periodic, quasiperiodic, and chaotic magnetic field configurations. For some forcing amplitudes, multiple attractors were obtained for different initial conditions. We show that one of the chaotic windows follows the period-doubling route to chaos.

R. Yadav; M. Chandra; M. K. Verma; S. Paul; P. Wahi

2010-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

237

Query Routing in Large-scale Digital Library Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modern digital libraries require user-friendly and yet responsive access to the rapidly growing, heterogeneous, and distributed collection of information sources. However, the increasing volume and diversity of digital information available online have led to a growing problem that conventional data management systems do not have, namely #nding which information sources out of many candidate choices are the most relevant to answer a given user query.We refer to this problem as the query routing problem.

Ling Liu

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nanoscale A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print Wednesday, 29 August 2012 00:00 Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs)-narrow conducting channels at the surfaces and interfaces of semiconductor materials-are the bedrock of conventional electronics. The startling 2004 discovery that such 2DEGs could be engineered at the interface between two insulating transition-metal oxides, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3, initiated a worldwide effort to harness the functionality of oxide materials for advanced electronic applications. Now, an international collaboration working at the ALS has shown that the interface is not required. Using only intense synchrotron light, the group has been able to create and control 2DEGs at the bare surfaces of the insulating oxides SrTiO3 and KTaO3. As well as suggesting a potential methodology to spatially pattern 2DEGs in a wide variety of complex oxides, this discovery opens a new avenue for spectroscopic investigation of these novel electronic systems.

239

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print Wednesday, 24 February 2010 00:00 If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

240

Landmark routing in ad hoc networks with mobile backbones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET) is usually assumed to be homogeneous, where each mobile node shares the same radio capacity. However, a homogeneous ad hoc network suffers from poor scalability. Recent research has demonstrated its performance bottleneck through both theoretical analysis and simulation experiments and testbed measurements. This is further exacerbated by heavy routing overhead of ad hoc routing protocols when the network size is large. In this paper, we present a design methodology to build a hierarchical large-scale ad hoc network using different types of radio capabilities at different layers. In such a structure, nodes are first dynamically grouped into multi-hop clusters. Each group elects a cluster-head to be a backbone node (BN). Then higher-level links are established to connect the BNs into a backbone network. Following this method recursively, a multilevel hierarchical network can be established. Three critical issues are addressed in this paper. We first analyze the optimal number of BNs for a layer in theory. Then, we propose a stable and light overhead clustering scheme to deploy the BNs. Finally LANMAR routing is extended to operate the physical hierarchy efficiently. We show that the Hierarchical LANMAR (H-LANMAR) can incorporate and efficiently utilize backbone links to reach remote destinations (thus reducing the hop distance). Simulation results using GloMoSim confirm that our proposed schemes achieve good performance.

Kaixin Xu; Xiaoyan Hong; Mario Gerla

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Network harness: bundles of routes in public transport networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public transport routes sharing the same grid of streets and tracks are often found to proceed in parallel along shorter or longer sequences of stations. Similar phenomena are observed in other networks built with space consuming links such as cables, vessels, pipes, neurons, etc. In the case of public transport networks (PTNs) this behavior may be easily worked out on the basis of sequences of stations serviced by each route. To quantify this behavior we use the recently introduced notion of network harness. It is described by the harness distribution P(r,s): the number of sequences of s consecutive stations that are serviced by r parallel routes. For certain PTNs that we have analyzed we observe that the harness distribution may be described by power laws. These power laws observed indicate a certain level of organization and planning which may be driven by the need to minimize the costs of infrastructure and secondly by the fact that points of interest tend to be clustered in certain locations of a city. T...

Berche, B; Holovatch, T

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Three-Dimenisional Routing in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Underwater sensor networks will find applications in oceanographic data collection, pollution monitoring, offshore exploration, disaster prevention, assisted navigation, and tactical surveillance applications. In this paper, the problem of data gathering in a 3D underwater acoustic sensor network is investigated at the network layer, by considering the interactions between the routing functions and the characteristics of the underwater channel. Two routing algorithms are proposed for delay-insensitive and delay-sensitive sensor network applications, respectively. The proposed distributed algorithm for delay-insensitive applications allows each node to select its next hop, with the objective of minimizing the energy consumption taking into account the varying condition of the underwater channel. A centralized algorithm for delay-sensitive routing in an underwater environment is proposed. The solution relies on topology information gathered by a surface station, which optimally configures the network paths. The proposed algorithms are shown to achieve the performance targets of the underwater environment by means of simulation. Categories and Subject Descriptors:

Dario Pompili; Tommaso Melodia

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Safe Routes to School Local School Project: A health evaluation at 10 low-income schools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Active Commuting to School Among US Adolescents.2004. Safe Routes to School: Practice and Promise. (DOT-HS-Director), Safe Routes to School National Partnership Design

Cooper, Jill F MSW; McMillan, Tracy MPH, PHD

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Transportation Routing Analysis Georgraphic Information System (WebTRAGIS) User's Manual  

SciTech Connect

In the early 1980s, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) developed two transportation routing models: HIGHWAY, which predicts truck transportation routes, and INTERLINE, which predicts rail transportation routes. Both of these models have been used by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) community for a variety of routing needs over the years. One of the primary uses of the models has been to determine population-density information, which is used as input for risk assessment with the RADTRAN model, which is available on the TRANSNET computer system. During the recent years, advances in the development of geographic information systems (GISs) have resulted in increased demands from the user community for a GIS version of the ORNL routing models. In April 1994, the DOE Transportation Management Division (EM-261) held a Baseline Requirements Assessment Session with transportation routing experts and users of the HIGHWAY and INTERLINE models. As a result of the session, the development of a new GIS routing model, Transportation Routing Analysis GIS (TRAGIS), was initiated. TRAGIS is a user-friendly, GIS-based transportation and analysis computer model. The older HIGHWAY and INTERLINE models are useful to calculate routes, but they cannot display a graphic of the calculated route. Consequently, many users have experienced difficulty determining the proper node for facilities and have been confused by or have misinterpreted the text-based listing from the older routing models. Some of the primary reasons for the development of TRAGIS are (a) to improve the ease of selecting locations for routing, (b) to graphically display the calculated route, and (c) to provide for additional geographic analysis of the route.

Michelhaugh, R.D.

2000-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

245

Retrieving and Routing Quantum Information in a Quantum Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In extant quantum secret sharing protocols, once the secret is shared in a quantum network (\\textsc{qnet}) it can not be retrieved back, even if the dealer wishes that her secret no longer be available in the network. For instance, if the dealer is part of two \\textsc{qnet}s, say $\\mathcal{Q}_1$ and $\\mathcal{Q}_2$ and subsequently finds that $\\mathcal{Q}_2$ is more reliable than $\\mathcal{Q}_1$, the dealer may wish to transfer all her secrets from $\\mathcal{Q}_1$ to $\\mathcal{Q}_2$. In this work we address this problem by designing a protocol that enables the source/dealer to bring back the information shared in the network, if desired. Unlike classical revocation, no-cloning-theorem automatically ensures that the secret is no longer shared in the network. The implications of our results are multi-fold. One interesting implication of our technique is the possibility of routing qubits in asynchronous \\textsc{qnets}. By asynchrony we mean that the requisite data/resources are intermittently available (but not necessarily simultaneously) in the \\textsc{qnet}. For example, we show that a source $S$ can send quantum information to a destination $R$ even though (a) $S$ and $R$ share no quantum resource, (b) $R$'s identity is {\\em unknown}\\/ to $S$ initially, (c) $S$ herself can be $R$ at a later date and/or in a different location to bequeath her information and (d) the path chosen for routing the secret may hit a dead-end due to resource constraints. Another implication of our technique is the possibility of using {\\em insecure}\\/ resources. For instance, it may safely store its private information with a neighboring organization without revealing data to the host and losing control over retrieving the data. Putting the two implications together, namely routing and secure storage, it is possible to envision applications like quantum mail (qmail) as an outsourced service.

Sk Sazim; Indranil Chakrabarty; Chiranjeevi Vanarasa; Kannan Srinathan

2013-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

246

Dual-hop LANs using station wavelength routing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract: In future WDM local area networks, the number of available wavelengths may initially be fairly modest. As a result, spatial reuse is required in order to obtain designs which will support a reasonable number of stations. A dual-hop architecture ... Keywords: ATM buffer/switch components, WDM local area networks, all-optical approaches, buffering stage, control strategies, dual-hop LAN, dual-hop architecture, electronic implementations, hybrid electro-optic designs, local optical network, multiple wavelength sharing, optical fibre LAN, spatial reuse, station wavelength routing, system performance, traffic models, wavelength agility

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

A strategy to reduce flooding in grid Fisheye State routing GFSR protocol with weighted rough set model using MANET  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mobile ad hoc networks consist of wireless hosts that may move often. Movement of host results to changes in path. The well-known Fisheye State Routing FSR protocol determines a route when no route exists or route breaks. To establish new path from ...

S. Nithya Rekha; C. Chandrasekar

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs)-narrow conducting channels at the surfaces and interfaces of semiconductor materials-are the bedrock of conventional electronics. The startling 2004 discovery that such 2DEGs could be engineered at the interface between two insulating transition-metal oxides, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3, initiated a worldwide effort to harness the functionality of oxide materials for advanced electronic applications. Now, an international collaboration working at the ALS has shown that the interface is not required. Using only intense synchrotron light, the group has been able to create and control 2DEGs at the bare surfaces of the insulating oxides SrTiO3 and KTaO3. As well as suggesting a potential methodology to spatially pattern 2DEGs in a wide variety of complex oxides, this discovery opens a new avenue for spectroscopic investigation of these novel electronic systems.

249

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs)-narrow conducting channels at the surfaces and interfaces of semiconductor materials-are the bedrock of conventional electronics. The startling 2004 discovery that such 2DEGs could be engineered at the interface between two insulating transition-metal oxides, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3, initiated a worldwide effort to harness the functionality of oxide materials for advanced electronic applications. Now, an international collaboration working at the ALS has shown that the interface is not required. Using only intense synchrotron light, the group has been able to create and control 2DEGs at the bare surfaces of the insulating oxides SrTiO3 and KTaO3. As well as suggesting a potential methodology to spatially pattern 2DEGs in a wide variety of complex oxides, this discovery opens a new avenue for spectroscopic investigation of these novel electronic systems.

250

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs)-narrow conducting channels at the surfaces and interfaces of semiconductor materials-are the bedrock of conventional electronics. The startling 2004 discovery that such 2DEGs could be engineered at the interface between two insulating transition-metal oxides, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3, initiated a worldwide effort to harness the functionality of oxide materials for advanced electronic applications. Now, an international collaboration working at the ALS has shown that the interface is not required. Using only intense synchrotron light, the group has been able to create and control 2DEGs at the bare surfaces of the insulating oxides SrTiO3 and KTaO3. As well as suggesting a potential methodology to spatially pattern 2DEGs in a wide variety of complex oxides, this discovery opens a new avenue for spectroscopic investigation of these novel electronic systems.

251

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs)-narrow conducting channels at the surfaces and interfaces of semiconductor materials-are the bedrock of conventional electronics. The startling 2004 discovery that such 2DEGs could be engineered at the interface between two insulating transition-metal oxides, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3, initiated a worldwide effort to harness the functionality of oxide materials for advanced electronic applications. Now, an international collaboration working at the ALS has shown that the interface is not required. Using only intense synchrotron light, the group has been able to create and control 2DEGs at the bare surfaces of the insulating oxides SrTiO3 and KTaO3. As well as suggesting a potential methodology to spatially pattern 2DEGs in a wide variety of complex oxides, this discovery opens a new avenue for spectroscopic investigation of these novel electronic systems.

252

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs)-narrow conducting channels at the surfaces and interfaces of semiconductor materials-are the bedrock of conventional electronics. The startling 2004 discovery that such 2DEGs could be engineered at the interface between two insulating transition-metal oxides, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3, initiated a worldwide effort to harness the functionality of oxide materials for advanced electronic applications. Now, an international collaboration working at the ALS has shown that the interface is not required. Using only intense synchrotron light, the group has been able to create and control 2DEGs at the bare surfaces of the insulating oxides SrTiO3 and KTaO3. As well as suggesting a potential methodology to spatially pattern 2DEGs in a wide variety of complex oxides, this discovery opens a new avenue for spectroscopic investigation of these novel electronic systems.

253

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs)-narrow conducting channels at the surfaces and interfaces of semiconductor materials-are the bedrock of conventional electronics. The startling 2004 discovery that such 2DEGs could be engineered at the interface between two insulating transition-metal oxides, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3, initiated a worldwide effort to harness the functionality of oxide materials for advanced electronic applications. Now, an international collaboration working at the ALS has shown that the interface is not required. Using only intense synchrotron light, the group has been able to create and control 2DEGs at the bare surfaces of the insulating oxides SrTiO3 and KTaO3. As well as suggesting a potential methodology to spatially pattern 2DEGs in a wide variety of complex oxides, this discovery opens a new avenue for spectroscopic investigation of these novel electronic systems.

254

Vehicle routing for the last mile of power system restoration  

SciTech Connect

This paper studied a novel problem in power system restoration: the Power Restoration Vehicle Routing Problem (PRVRP). The goal of PRVRPs is to decide how coordinate repair crews effectively in order to recover from blackouts as fast as possible after a disaster has occurred. PRVRPs are complex problems that combine vehicle routing and power restoration scheduling problems. The paper proposed a multi-stage optimization algorithm based on the idea of constraint injection that meets the aggressive runtime constraints necessary for disaster recovery. The algorithms were validated on benchmarks produced by the Los Alamos National Laboratory, using the infrastructure of the United States. The disaster scenarios were generated by state-of-the-art hurricane simulation tools similar to those used by the National Hurricane Center. Experimental results show that the constraint-injection algorithms can reduce the blackouts by 50% or more over field practices. Moreover, the results show that the constraint-injection algorithm using large neighborhood search over a blackbox simulator provide competitive quality and scales better than using a MIP solver on the subproblems.

Bent, Russell W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Coffrin, Carleton [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Van Hentenryck, Pascal [BROWN UNIV.

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

255

EA-0904: Access Road from State Route 240 to the 200 West Area Hanford  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: Access Road from State Route 240 to the 200 West Area 4: Access Road from State Route 240 to the 200 West Area Hanford Site, Richland, Washington EA-0904: Access Road from State Route 240 to the 200 West Area Hanford Site, Richland, Washington SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to construct an access road on the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Site in Richland, Washington, from State Route 240 to Beloit Avenue in the 200 West Area. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD March 10, 1994 EA-0904: Finding of No Significant Impact Access Road from State Route 240 to the 200 West Area Hanford Site, Richland, Washington March 10, 1994 EA-0904: Final Environmental Assessment Access Road from State Route 240 to the 200 West Area Hanford Site,

256

Comparison of Methanol Exposure Routes Reported to Texas Poison Control Centers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

school students in Texas: prevalence and characteristics ofExposure Routes Reported to Texas Poison Control Centersof methanol cases reported to Texas Poison Centers. Methods:

Givens, Melissa; Kalbfleisch, Kristine; Bryson, Scott

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Internet Routing Algorithms, Transmission and Time: Toward a Concept of Transmisive Control.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation develops the concept of transmissive control to explore the consequences of changes in Internet routing for communication online. Where transmission often denotes an… (more)

McKelvey, Fenwick Robert

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

A new hybrid computational intelligence algorithm for optimized vehicle routing applications in geographic information systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This project explores the application of two developing algorithmic paradigms from the field of computational intelligence towards optimized vehicle routing applications within geographic information systems… (more)

Rice, Michael Norris

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Mobile Ad Hoc Data Networks for Emergency Preparedness Telecommunications - Dynamic Power-Conscious Routing Concepts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this report, we focus on the Network Layer operation of routing and implications of power consumption for emergency MANETs. We discuss the bene#ts of power consciousness and conduct an initial investigation on the e#ects of energy-e#cient wireless routing in MANETs. We develop an initial dynamic power-conscious routing scheme #minimum power routing - MPR# that incorporates physical layer and link layer statistics to conservepower, while compensating for the propagation path loss, shadowing and fading e#ects, and interference environment at the intended receiver. The main idea of MPR is to select the path between a given source and destination that will require the least amount of total power expended, while still maintaining an acceptable signal-to-noise ratio #SNR# at each receiver. A #cost" function is assigned to every link re#ecting the transmitter power required to reliably communicate on that link. Routing decisions and cost updates are made based on feedback or information extracted from the received signal and special control packets. As an initial approach, we use the distributed Bellman-Ford algorithm to perform #shortest" path routing with the cost functions as the link distances. The resulting #shortest path" is the MPR path from a given source to a destination. We compare the performance of MPR to the common routing protocols of shortest distance routing with power control #SD-PC# and minimum hop routing with power control #MH-PC#, and present our preliminary results

Madhavi W. Subbarao

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

An Unlikely Route to Ferroelectricity | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How to Make a Splash How to Make a Splash Pressure-Tuning the Quantum Phase Transition in a Model 2-D Magnet Reappearing Superconductivity Surprises Scientists Manipulating Genes with Hidden TALENs A New Discovery Answers an Old Question Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed An Unlikely Route to Ferroelectricity MAY 16, 2012 Bookmark and Share Left side: The charge order configuration [after "N. Ikeda et al., Nature 436, 1136 (2005)"] with polar bilayers previously assumed for LuFe2O4. Right side: The refined LuFe2O4 monoclinic crystal structure containing charged bilayers. For both configurations, the Fe atoms are arranged in Fe/O bilayers separated by Lu single layers. The different Fe valances are

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Novel route to synthesize CuO nanoplatelets  

SciTech Connect

A new synthesis route to obtain high-purity cupric oxide, CuO, using the hydrothermal reaction of copper sulfide and a NaOH solution in an oxygen atmosphere has been developed. The synthesized products showed nanoplatelet-like morphologies with rectangular cross-sections and dimensions at the nanometric scale. Variations in the oxygen partial pressure and synthesis temperature produced changes in size and shape, being found that the proliferation of nanoplatelet structures occurred at 200 deg. C and 30 bar. - Graphical abstract: Transmission electron microscopy image of a CuO nanoplatelet. The inset is an electron diffraction pattern of this twined CuO nanoplatelet exhibiting a monoclinic crystal structure.

Zarate, R.A. [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Casilla 1280, Antofagasta (Chile)], E-mail: rzarate@ucn.cl; Hevia, F. [Departamento de Quimica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Casilla 1280, Antofagasta (Chile); Fuentes, S. [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Casilla 1280, Antofagasta (Chile); Fuenzalida, V.M. [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Fisicas y Matematicas, Universidad de Chile, Av. Blanco Encalada 2008, Santiago (Chile); Zuniga, A. [Departamento de Ingenieria Mecanica, Facultad de Ciencias Fisicas y Matematicas, Universidad de Chile, Beauchef 850, Santiago (Chile)

2007-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

262

Tuple spaces in hardware for accelerated implicit routing  

SciTech Connect

Organizing and optimizing data objects on networks with support for data migration and failing nodes is a complicated problem to handle as systems grow. The goal of this work is to demonstrate that high levels of speedup can be achieved by moving responsibility for finding, fetching, and staging data into an FPGA-based network card. We present a system for implicit routing of data via FPGA-based network cards. In this system, data structures are requested by name, and the network of FPGAs finds the data within the network and relays the structure to the requester. This is acheived through successive examination of hardware hash tables implemented in the FPGA. By avoiding software stacks between nodes, the data is quickly fetched entirely through FPGA-FPGA interaction. The performance of this system is orders of magnitude faster than software implementations due to the improved speed of the hash tables and lowered latency between the network nodes.

Baker, Zachary Kent [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tripp, Justin [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Opportunistic media access control and routing for delay-tolerant mobile ad hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In delay-tolerant mobile ad hoc networks, motion of network nodes, network sparsity and sporadic density can cause a lack of guaranteed connectivity. These networks experience significant link delay and their routing protocols must take a store-and-forward ... Keywords: Cross-layer adaptation design, Delay-tolerant network, Mobile ad hoc network, Opportunistic routing, Vehicular ad hoc network

Liang Dong

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Analyzing multi-hop routing feasibility for sensor data harvesting using mobile sinks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a modeling framework for characterizing the feasibility and impacts of multi-hop packet routing in sensor networks with mobile sinks. Data collection in sensor networks using mobile sinks has recently been investigated to improve ... Keywords: Mobile sinks, Multi-hop hop routing, Network Assisted Navigation, Network life, Sensor networks

Jayanthi Rao; Subir Biswas

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

An entropy-based stability qos routing with priority scheduler in MANET using fuzzy controllers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the dynamic nature of the network topology and restricted resources, quality of service (QoS) and stability routing in mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a challenging task. This paper presents an Entropy-based Stability QoS Routing with Priority ...

Baolin Sun; Chao Gui; Hua Chen; Yue Zeng

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Vessel routing and scheduling under uncertainty in the liquefied natural gas business  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas transformed into liquid state for the purpose of transportation mainly by specially built LNG vessels. This paper considers a real-life LNG ship routing and scheduling problem where a producer is responsible ... Keywords: Liquefied natural gas, Maritime transportation, Ship routing and scheduling, Simulation, Uncertainty

Elin E. Halvorsen-Weare; Kjetil Fagerholt; Mikael RöNnqvist

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

A construction and improvement heuristic for a liquefied natural gas inventory routing problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a large scale ship routing and inventory management problem for a producer and distributor of liquefied natural gas (LNG). The problem contains multiple products, inventory and berth capacity at the loading port and a heterogeneous fleet of ... Keywords: Heuristics, Inventory routing, Maritime transportation

Magnus Stålhane; Jørgen Glomvik Rakke; Christian Rørholt Moe; Henrik Andersson; Marielle Christiansen; Kjetil Fagerholt

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Model Integrating Fleet Design and Ship Routing Problems for Coal Shipping  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, an integrated optimization model is developed to improve the efficiency of coal shipping. The objective is (1) to determine the types of ships and the number of each type, (2) to optimize the ship routing, therefore, to minimize the total ... Keywords: coal shipping, fleet design, ship routing, tabu search

Qingcheng Zeng; Zhongzhen Yang

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Is there a route to a UK Feed in Tariff for renewable energy?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Is there a route to a UK Feed in Tariff for renewable energy? ICEPT Discussion Paper October 2010 University #12;2 Is there a route to a UK Feed in Tariff for renewable energy? Introduction This discussion paper is concerned with the potential to change the way the UK provides support for renewable energy

270

Performance evaluation of QoS-routing methods for IP-based multiservice networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides a performance analysis of lost/delayed traffic and control load for various quality of service (QoS)-routing methods, which control a network's response to traffic demands and other stimuli, such as traffic overloads, link failures, ... Keywords: Enhance network scalability, Performance analysis, QoS Routing, Traffic overload

Gerald R Ash

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Review: Unicast routing protocols for vehicular ad hoc networks: A critical comparison and classification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vehicular Ad hoc NETworks (VANETs) allow vehicles to form a self-organized network without the need for a permanent infrastructure. As a prerequisite to communication, an efficient route between network nodes must be established, and it must adapt to ... Keywords: Inter-vehicle communication, Mobile ad hoc network, Routing, VANET, Vehicular ad hoc networks

James Bernsen; D. Manivannan

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Scenario Tree-Based Heuristics for Stochastic Inventory-Routing Problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In vendor-managed inventory replenishment, the vendor decides when to make deliveries to customers, how much to deliver, and how to combine shipments using the available vehicles. This gives rise to the inventory-routing problem in which the goal is ... Keywords: heuristic, inventory routing, scenario, stochastic

Lars Magnus Hvattum; Arne Løkketangen; Gilbert Laporte

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

On False Data Injection Attacks against Distributed Energy Routing in Smart Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Smart Grid is a new type of energy-based cyber physical system (CPS) that will provide reliable, secure, and efficient energy transmission and distribution. The way to secure the distributed energy routing process that efficiently utilizes the distributed ... Keywords: Smart grid, Distributed energy routing, False data injection attacks, Energy distribution

Jie Lin; Wei Yu; Xinyu Yang; Guobin Xu; Wei Zhao

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

On the tour partitioning heuristic for the unit demand capacitated vehicle routing problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The tour partitioning heuristic for the vehicle routing problem assumes an unlimited supply of vehicles. If the number of vehicles is fixed, this heuristic may produce infeasible solutions. We modify the heuristic to guarantee feasibility in this situation ... Keywords: Analysis of algorithms, Heuristic algorithm, Vehicle routing problem

Herbert F. Lewis; Thomas R. Sexton

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

A Scalable and Reliable Multicast Routing Protocol for Ad-hoc Wireless Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multicasting is an essential service for ad-hoc wireless networks. In a multicasting environment with multiple senders, receivers or meeting members, traditional multicast routing protocols must pay great overhead for multiple multicast sessions. This ... Keywords: ad-hoc wireless networks, clustering, multicasting, routing, virtual backbone

C. R. Dow; J. H. Lin; K. T. Chen; S. C. Chen; S. F. Hwang

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optical networks are moving from opaque and translucent architectures towards all-optical (transparent) architectures. In translucent architectures a small amount of regeneration (e.g. optical-electronic-optical conversion) is available in the network. ... Keywords: Impairment aware RWA, Impairment constrained RWA, Impairment constraint-based routing, Optical network planning, Physical-layer impairments, Routing and wavelength assignment (RWA)

Siamak Azodolmolky; Miros?aw Klinkowski; Eva Marin; Davide Careglio; Josep Solé Pareta; Ioannis Tomkos

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Position-based cluster routing protocol for mobile ad hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some of the proposed mobile ad hoc network routing algorithms require maintaining a global network state at each node. The global state is always an approximation of the current network state due to the non-negligible delay of propagating local state. ... Keywords: GPS, QoS, mobile ad hoc network, multicasting, position-based routing protocol

Chao-Cheng Shih; Tzay-Farn Shih

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Useful-Skew Clock Routing with Gate Sizing for Low Power Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new problem formulation and algorithm of clock routing combined with gate sizing for minimizing total logic and clock power. Instead of zero-skew or assuming a fixed skew bound, we seek to produce useful skews in clock routing. ...

Joe Gufeng Xi; Wayne Wei-Ming Dai

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

A population-based local search for solving a bi-objective vehicle routing problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a population-based local search for solving a bi-objective vehicle routing problem. The objectives of the problem are minimization of the tour length and balancing the routes. The algorithm repeatedly generates a pool of good ...

Joseph M. Pasia; Karl F. Doerner; Richard F. Hartl; Marc Reimann

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Approximation Algorithms for Deadline-TSP and Vehicle Routing with Time-Windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Approximation Algorithms for Deadline-TSP and Vehicle Routing with Time-Windows Nikhil Bansal by their deadlines. We also consider the more general Vehicle Routing with Time- Windows problem, in which each node their "time-windows" [R(v), D(v)]. No good ap- proximations were known previously for these problems

Sheridan, Jennifer

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Author's personal copy The time dependent vehicle routing problem with time windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Author's personal copy The time dependent vehicle routing problem with time windows: Benchmark routing problems with hard or soft time windows without any alteration in its structure is presented of congested urban settings are proposed. Solution quality, time window pertur- bations, and computational time

Bertini, Robert L.

282

Particle Swarm Optimization for the Vehicle Routing Problem with Stochastic Demands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a new hybrid algorithmic approach based on Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) for successfully solving one of the most popular supply chain management problems, the Vehicle Routing Problem with Stochastic Demands (VRPSD). The VRPSD ... Keywords: Particle Swarm Optimization, Path relinking, Vehicle Routing Problem with Stochastic Demands

Yannis Marinakis; Georgia-Roumbini Iordanidou; Magdalene Marinaki

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Reoptimization Approaches for the Vehicle-Routing Problem with Stochastic Demands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the vehicle-routing problem with stochastic demands (VRPSD) under reoptimization. We develop and analyze a finite-horizon Markov decision process (MDP) formulation for the single-vehicle case and establish a partial characterization of the ... Keywords: application, dynamic programming, heuristics, network/graphs, stochastic demands, stochastic model, transportation, vehicle-routing problem

Nicola Secomandi; François Margot

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Expressing and processing complex preferences in route planning queries: Towards a fuzzy-set-based approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a contribution for a new generation of route planners able to deal with complex and sophisticated preferences. Fuzzy set theory is advocated as a framework for modelling preferences. First, a typology of user preferences that ... Keywords: Bipolarity, Fuzzy sets, Preferences, Route planning

A. Hadjali; A. Mokhtari; O. Pivert

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Complexity results on labeled shortest path problems from wireless routing metrics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Metrics to assess the cost of paths through networks are critical to ensuring the efficiency of network routing. This is particularly true in multi-radio multi-hop wireless networks. Effective metrics for these networks must measure the cost of a wireless ... Keywords: Approximation algorithms, Labeled paths, Shortest paths, Wireless routing metrics

Charles B. Ward; Nathan M. Wiegand

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Fast high-performance algorithms for multi-pin droplet routing in digital microfluidic biochips  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of microfluidics for building biochips is an emerging research area. A key challenge in this area is the droplet routing problem in the design of digital microfluidic biochips. It involves the scheduling of movement of a number of droplets in ... Keywords: algorithms, digital microfluidic biochips, droplet routing, microfluidics

Pranab Roy; Hafizur Rahaman; Parthasarathi Dasgupta

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Froms: A failure tolerant and mobility enabled multicast routing paradigm with reinforcement learning for WSNs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A growing class of wireless sensor network (WSN) applications require the use of sensed data inside the network at multiple, possibly mobile base stations. Standard WSN routing techniques that move data from multiple sources to a single, fixed base station ... Keywords: Energy-aware, Mobile sinks, Multicast, Node failures, Reinforcement learning, Routing, Sensor networks

Anna Förster; Amy L. Murphy

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

A Branch-Price-and-Cut Algorithm for Single-Product Maritime Inventory Routing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A branch-price-and-cut algorithm is developed for a complex maritime inventory-routing problem with varying storage capacities and production/consumption rates at facilities. The resulting mixed-integer pricing problem is solved exactly and efficiently ... Keywords: column generation, dynamic programming, integer programming, maritime inventory routing

Faramroze G. Engineer; Kevin C. Furman; George L. Nemhauser; Martin W. P. Savelsbergh; Jin-Hwa Song

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

ForPeerReview From vegetable oils to polyurethanes: synthetic routes to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From vegetable oils to polyurethanes: synthetic routes to polyols and main industrial products Myriam and main industrial products Most of biobased polyols for polyurethanes are synthesized from vegetable oils literature; focus on the industrial synthetic routes. Keywords: vegetable oils; biobased polyols

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

290

A Secure Energy Routing Mechanism for Sharing Renewable Energy in Smart Microgrid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Secure Energy Routing Mechanism for Sharing Renewable Energy in Smart Microgrid Ting Zhu Sheng and wind turbines on every house sharing renewable energy among houses. How to efficiently and optimally share energy is a challenging problem. In order to efficiently share renewable energy, routing protocols

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

291

Joint optimisation for power control, scheduling and routing algorithms in the infrastructure wireless mesh network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performance optimisation model for the IEEE 802.16 standard based wireless mesh network is presented and a joint optimisation method is proposed as the sub-optimal solution strategy, in which the power control, scheduling and routing algorithms ... Keywords: IEEE 80216, WMN, network throughput, performance optimisation, power control, routing, scheduling, simulation, wireless mesh networks, wireless networks

Mugen Peng; Yingjie Wang; Kun Wang; Wenbo Wang

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Unicast and multicast QoS routing with soft-constraint logic programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a formal model to represent and solve the unicast/multicast routing problem in networks with quality-of-service (QoS) requirements. To attain this, first we translate the network adapting it to a weighted graph (unicast) or and-or ... Keywords: Constraints, Quality of Service (QoS), constraint logic programming (CLP), preferences, routing, soft constraints

Stefano Bistarelli; Ugo Montanari; Francesca Rossi; Francesco Santini

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Energy-Aware Adaptive Routing for Large-Scale Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

range are optimized analytically. By adjoining cells around hot spots and hot routes in the network neighboring cells to form proactive zones around hot spots and hot routes while the rest of the network and facilitates the handling of heterogeneous traffic via cell combining. Furthermore, the optimal cell size

Tong, Lang

294

Integrated topology control and routing in wireless sensor networks for prolonged network lifetime  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study considers an integrated topology control and routing problem in wireless sensor networks (WSNs), which are employed to gather data via use of sensors with limited energy resources. We employ a hierarchical topology and routing structure with ... Keywords: Algorithms, Data gathering, Network design models, Wireless sensor networks

Halit íster; Hui Lin

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Revisiting fidelity: a case of elmore-based Y-routing trees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dominance of interconnect delay in VLSI circuit design is well-known. Construction of routing trees in recent times has to take care of the timing issues for faster design convergence. Thus there is immense scope of research in design and performance ... Keywords: Steiner trees, fidelity, rank correlation, routing

Tuhina Samanta; Prasun Ghosal; Hafizur Rahaman; Parthasarathi Dasgupta

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Routing Layer Support for Service Discovery in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Service discovery in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks is an essential process in order for these networks to be selfconfigurable. In this paper we argue that Service Discovery can be greatly enhanced in terms of efficiency (regarding service discoverability and energy consumption), by piggybacking service information in routing layer messages. Thus, a node requesting a service in addition to discovering that service, it is simultaneously informed of the route to the service provider.We extend the Zone Routing Protocol in order to encapsulate service information in its routing messages and through extensive simulations we prove the superiority of our routing layer-enhanced service discovery scheme against an application layer-based flooding scheme. I.

Christopher N. Ververidis; George C. Polyzos

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

UNDP-Charting a New Low-Carbon Route to Development | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » UNDP-Charting a New Low-Carbon Route to Development Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Charting a New Low-Carbon Route to Development Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme Topics: Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com//w/images/6/6c/Char Charting a New Low-Carbon Route to Development Screenshot References: Charting a New Low-Carbon Route to Development[1] Logo: Charting a New Low-Carbon Route to Development

298

Lessons Learned from a Regional Approach to Route Selection for Spent Nuclear Fuel Shipments to Yucca Mountain  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Midwestern Route Identification Project Midwestern Route Identification Project Sarah K. Wochos Policy Analyst Council of State Governments - Midwest Approach Why Regional? * States need to know the routes as soon as possible * Regions develop and use the criteria that is important to them * States have a better feel for routes that run through their jurisdictions * States felt that EIS routes were a poor starting point for discussions * Regional framework has worked well on other issues Why a Suite of Routes? * Better variety and thus perhaps better security? * Flexibility during construction, bad weather or special events * Inevitable further winnowing through national discussion Methodology Primary Factors - from U.S. DOT's Guidelines for Selecting Preferred Highway Routes for Highway Route Controlled Shipments of Radioactive Materials

299

Evaluating GCM Land Surface Hydrology Parameterizations by Computing River Discharges Using a Runoff Routing Model: Application to the Mississippi Basin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To relate general circulation model (GCM) hydrologic output to readily available river hydrographic data, a runoff routing scheme that routes gridded runoffs through regional- or continental-scale river drainage basins is developed. By following ...

G. E. Liston; Y. C. Sud; E. F. Wood

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

New routes for production of proton-rich Tc isotopes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Proton-rich Tc radionuclides have been identified as potential candidates for specific clinical and biological applications in the last decade. So far, these radionuclides have been produced either by proton-induced reaction on Mo targets or {alpha}-particle-induced reaction on Nb targets. This article lightens two heavy-ion-induced production routes of {sup 93,94,95,96}Tc radionuclides through {sup 7}Li+{sup nat}Zr and {sup 9}Be+{sup nat}Y reactions and provides important cross-sectional information in the projectile energy ranges 37-45 MeV and 30-48 MeV, respectively. Excitation functions of those reactions have been measured using the stacked-foil technique followed by the off-line {gamma}-spectrometric studies. Measured cross-sectional data have been interpreted comparing theoretical predictions of the two nuclear reaction model codes PACE-II and ALICE91. Experimental cross sections agreed with the theory. Measured production cross sections of {sup 94,95}Tc have been compared with those produced from the {alpha}+{sup 93}Nb reaction.

Maiti, Moumita; Lahiri, Susanta [Chemical Sciences Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF, Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700 064 (India)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

A new saving-based ant algorithm for the Vehicle Routing Problem with Simultaneous Pickup and Delivery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Vehicle Routing Problem with Pickup and Delivery (VRPPD) is a variant of the Vehicle Routing Problem where the vehicles are not only required to deliver goods but also to pick up some goods from the customers. Given a fleet of vehicles and a set ... Keywords: Ant Colony Optimization, Metaheuristics, Reverse logistics, Vehicle routing

Bülent Çatay

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

An accurate performance model of fully adaptive routing in wormhole-switched two-dimensional mesh multicomputers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerous analytical performance models have been proposed for deterministic wormhole-routed mesh networks while only a single model, to our best knowledge, has been suggested for fully adaptive wormhole routing in mesh interconnection networks. This ... Keywords: Adaptive wormhole routing, Analytical modeling, Interconnection network, Meshes, Multicomputer, Performance evaluation

H. Hashemi-Najafabadi; H. Sarbazi-Azad; P. Rajabzadeh

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Energy-efficient space-time coded cooperative routing in multihop wireless networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the limited energy supplies of nodes in many applications like wireless sensor networks, energy efficiency is crucial for extending the lifetime of these networks. This paper addresses the routing problem for outage-restricted multihop wireless ...

Behrouz Maham; Ravi Narasimhan; Are Hjørungnes

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Route 66, where are you? : four cities and the development of a shared cultural resource  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although small towns, rural areas, state organizations, and federal programs are all pursuing the redevelopment of the Route 66 corridor, this paper focuses on how four urban communities currently are engaging with this ...

Dodge, Anne Clayton

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Deconstructing internet paths: an approach for AS-level detour route discovery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detour paths provide overlay networks with improved performance and resilience. Finding good detour routes with methods that scale to millions of nodes is a challenging problem. We propose a novel approach for decentralised discovery of detour paths ...

Sing Wang Ho; Thom Haddow; Jonathan Ledlie; Moez Draief; Peter Pietzuch

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

A Computational Study into the Evolution of Dual-Route Dynamics for Affective Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The evolutionary justification by LeDoux (1996) for his dual-route model of fear processing was analyzed computationally by applying genetic algorithms to artificial neural networks. The evolution was simulated of a neural network controlling an agent ...

Paul Den Dulk; Bram T. Heerebout; R. Hans Phaf

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Load-Balancing Solutions for Static Routing Schemes in ATM Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present two different path ordering algorithms whose aim is balancing the load among network links when used in conjunction with static routing algorithms. Both algorithms have the same aim, but use different heuristics to obtain it.

C. Casetti; R. Lo Cigno; M. Mellia

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Transportation Center Seminar........ "Adaptive Routing in Stochastic Time-Dependent Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transportation Center Seminar........ "Adaptive Routing in Stochastic Time-Dependent Networks: Transportation Center, Chambers Hall Lower Level, 600 Foster St., Evanston Abstract Transportation systems networks with traveler information, with applications in intelligent transportation systems (ITS

Bustamante, Fabián E.

309

Robust Distributed Routing in Dynamical Networks - Part I: Locally Responsive Policies and Weak Resilience  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robustness of distributed routing policies is studied for dynamical networks, with respect to adversarial disturbances that reduce the link flow capacities. A dynamical network is modeled as a system of ordinary differential ...

Como, Giacomo

310

Energy-efficient routing protocol depending on dynamic message communication over wireless sensor network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose an energy-efficient routing mechanism for maintaining uniform distribution of each sensor's energy through shorter paths. We define two metrics – energy level and vector information. The energy level describes how much the energy ...

KwangKyum Lee; Yongtae Shin; Ara Khil

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Microsoft Word - Atlanta_Routing TG_TEC working session Feb 07...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

will be consolidation for routing. This decision in turn affects the amount of rolling stock to be purchased and the amount of shipments to be made. One member commented that as...

312

Building routing overlays in disrupted networks: inferring contacts in challenged sensor internetworks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current routing approaches in Delay-Tolerant Networks (DTNs) focus on the exchange of information across homogenous addressing domains without addressing DTNs constructed from a set of cooperating networks using different protocols and mobility models. ...

Edward J. Birrane III

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Does Ownership Affect the Variability of the Production Process? Evidence from International Courier Services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A firm often must ensure that products or services it produces match customer expectations. We define variability as any deviation in a production process yielding products or services whose attributes differ from the firm's stated target specifications. ... Keywords: contracting, governance, organizational choice, reliability, variability, variance

Chihmao Hsieh; Sérgio Giovanetti Lazzarini; Jackson A. Nickerson; Marcio Laurini

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Engineering Technical Training Module (ETTM) - Instrumentation Sensing, Line Routing, and Separation Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Engineering Technical Training Module (ETTM) – Instrumentation Sensing, Line Routing, and Separation, Version 1.0 is a computer-based training module that allows users to access training when desired and review it at their own pace.This course provides training for Power Plant Instrumentation Engineers on instrumentation sensing line devices, their functions, and recommended use in nuclear plants.  This module will familiarize the student with guidelines for routing and ...

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

315

E2XLRADR (Energy Efficient Cross Layer Routing Algorithm with Dynamic Retransmission for Wireless Sensor Networks)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main focus of this article is to achieve prolonged network lifetime with overall energy efficiency in wireless sensor networks through controlled utilization of limited energy. Major percentage of energy in wireless sensor network is consumed during routing from source to destination, retransmission of data on packet loss. For improvement, cross layered algorithm is proposed for routing and retransmission scheme. Simulation and results shows that this approach can save the overall energy consumption

Babulal, Kanojia Sindhuben; 10.5121/ijwmn.2010.2312

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Performance Enhanced AODV Routing Protocol Security in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the emergence of mobile ad-hoc networks, more users desire connectivity regardless of geographic location. MANETs are a promising technology in terms of the applications in the military, emergency situations, and general daily life activities. Various ... Keywords: Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing AODV, Black-hole Attack, Denial-of-Service Attack, Mobile Ad-hoc Networks MANETs, Routing Protocols

Raees Khan ShahSani, Muhammad Bakhsh, Amjad Mahmood

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

INTERLINE 5. 0 -- An expanded railroad routing model: Program description, methodology, and revised user's manual  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A rail routine model, INTERLINE, has been developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory to investigate potential routes for transporting radioactive materials. In Version 5.0, the INTERLINE routing algorithms have been enhanced to include the ability to predict alternative routes, barge routes, and population statistics for any route. The INTERLINE railroad network is essentially a computerized rail atlas describing the US railroad system. All rail lines, with the exception of industrial spurs, are included in the network. Inland waterways and deep water routes along with their interchange points with the US railroadsystem are also included. The network contains over 15,000 rail and barge segments (links) and over 13,000 stations, interchange points, ports, and other locations (nodes). The INTERLINE model has been converted to operate on an IBM-compatible personal computer. At least a 286 computer with a hard disk containing approximately 6 MB of free space is recommended. Enhanced program performance will be obtained by using arandom-access memory drive on a 386 or 486 computer.

Johnson, P.E.; Joy, D.S. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Clarke, D.B.; Jacobi, J.M. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Transportation Center)

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Analyzing the effect of routing protocols on media access control protocols in radio networks  

SciTech Connect

We study the effect of routing protocols on the performance of media access control (MAC) protocols in wireless radio networks. Three well known MAC protocols: 802.11, CSMA, and MACA are considered. Similarly three recently proposed routing protocols: AODV, DSR and LAR scheme 1 are considered. The experimental analysis was carried out using GloMoSim: a tool for simulating wireless networks. The main focus of our experiments was to study how the routing protocols affect the performance of the MAC protocols when the underlying network and traffic parameters are varied. The performance of the protocols was measured w.r.t. five important parameters: (i) number of received packets, (ii) average latency of each packet, (iii) throughput (iv) long term fairness and (v) number of control packets at the MAC layer level. Our results show that combinations of routing and MAC protocols yield varying performance under varying network topology and traffic situations. The result has an important implication; no combination of routing protocol and MAC protocol is the best over all situations. Also, the performance analysis of protocols at a given level in the protocol stack needs to be studied not locally in isolation but as a part of the complete protocol stack. A novel aspect of our work is the use of statistical technique, ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) to characterize the effect of routing protocols on MAC protocols. This technique is of independent interest and can be utilized in several other simulation and empirical studies.

Barrett, C. L. (Christopher L.); Drozda, M. (Martin); Marathe, A. (Achla); Marathe, M. V. (Madhav V.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Improving Performance of Cluster Based Routing Protocol using Cross-Layer Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main goal of routing protocol is to efficiency delivers data from source to destination. All routing protocols are the same in this goal, but the way they adopt to achieve it is different, so routing strategy has an egregious role on the performance of an ad hoc network. Most of routing protocols proposed for ad hoc networks have a flat structure. These protocols expand the control overhead packets to discover or maintain a route. On the other hand a number of hierarchical-based routing protocols have been developed, mostly are based on layered design. These protocols improve network performances especially when the network size grows up since details about remote portion of network can be handled in an aggregate manner. Although, there is another approach to design a protocol called cross-layer design. Using this approach information can exchange between different layer of protocol stack, result in optimizing network performances. In this paper, we intend to exert cross-layer design to optimize Cluster B...

Jahanbakhsh, Kazem

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Baseline requirements of the proposed action for the Transportation Management Division routing models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The potential impacts associated with the transportation of hazardous materials are important to shippers, carriers, and the general public. This is particularly true for shipments of radioactive material. The shippers are primarily concerned with safety, security, efficiency, and equipment requirements. The carriers are concerned with the potential impact that radioactive shipments may have on their operations--particularly if such materials are involved in an accident. The general public has also expressed concerns regarding the safety of transporting radioactive and other hazardous materials through their communities. Because transportation routes are a central concern in hazardous material transport, the prediction of likely routes is the first step toward resolution of these issues. In response to these routing needs, several models have been developed over the past fifteen years at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The HIGHWAY routing model is used to predict routes for truck transportation, the INTERLINE routing model is used to predict both rail and barge routes, and the AIRPORT locator model is used to determine airports with specified criteria near a specific location. As part of the ongoing improvement of the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Environmental Management Transportation Management Division`s (EM-261) computer systems and development efforts, a Baseline Requirements Assessment Session on the HIGHWAY, INTERLINE, and AIRPORT models was held at ORNL on April 27, 1994. The purpose of this meeting was to discuss the existing capabilities of the models and data bases and to review enhancements of the models and data bases to expand their usefulness. The results of the Baseline Requirements Assessment Section will be discussed in this report. The discussions pertaining to the different models are contained in separate sections.

Johnson, P.E.; Joy, D.S.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Microsoft Word - Atlanta_Routing TG_TEC working session Feb 07_final  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE TEC Routing Topic Group Working Session DOE TEC Routing Topic Group Working Session Thursday, February 1, 2007 Meeting Summary Mr. Jay Jones began the meeting with a welcome and introduction of the topic members, other participants, and support staff. Mr. Jones listed and reviewed all the documents and handouts sent to the topic group members before the meeting. The documents and hand outs included: 1. Task Plan- This document provides information on activities that the topic group may elect to focus on during the topic group's existence. This document can be revised by the topic group as necessary. 2. Description of Activities- This document is an outline of the work OCRWM anticipates will be undertaken by the topic group. 3. Agenda for Routing Topic Group working session

322

The Other Route to Biofuels | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

The Other Route to Biofuels The Other Route to Biofuels Discovery & Innovation Stories of Discovery & Innovation Brief Science Highlights SBIR/STTR Highlights Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 10.18.13 The Other Route to Biofuels Scientists identify key genes for increasing oil in plant leaves. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Using genomics, Brookhaven researchers found a means to significantly increase oils in plant leaves-which could greatly enhance the energy content of plants as biofuel feedstocks. Photo courtesy of iStockphoto Using genomics and a range of other techniques, Brookhaven researchers found a means to significantly increase oils in plant leaves-which

323

An attempt to explore the production routes of Astatine radionuclides: Theoretical approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to fulfil the recent thrust of Astatine radionuclides in the field of nuclear medicine various production routes have been explored in the present work. The possible production routes of $^{209-211}$At comprise both light and heavy ion induced reactions at the bombarding energy range starting from threshold to maximum 100 MeV energy. For this purpose, we have used the nuclear reaction model codes TALYS, ALICE91 and PACE-II. Excitation functions of those radionuclides, produced through various production routes, have been calculated using nuclear reaction model codes and compared with the available measured data. Contribution of various reaction mechanisms, like, direct, preequilibrium and equilibrium reactions, to the total reaction cross section has been studied using the codes. Result shows that equilibrium reaction mechanism dominates in all cases over other reaction mechanisms.

Maiti, Moumita

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

An attempt to explore the production routes of Astatine radionuclides: Theoretical approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to fulfil the recent thrust of Astatine radionuclides in the field of nuclear medicine various production routes have been explored in the present work. The possible production routes of $^{209-211}$At comprise both light and heavy ion induced reactions at the bombarding energy range starting from threshold to maximum 100 MeV energy. For this purpose, we have used the nuclear reaction model codes TALYS, ALICE91 and PACE-II. Excitation functions of those radionuclides, produced through various production routes, have been calculated using nuclear reaction model codes and compared with the available measured data. Contribution of various reaction mechanisms, like, direct, preequilibrium and equilibrium reactions, to the total reaction cross section has been studied using the codes. Result shows that equilibrium reaction mechanism dominates in all cases over other reaction mechanisms.

Moumita Maiti; Susanta Lahiri

2008-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

325

Scalable ant-based routing algorithm for ad-hoc networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ants-based routing algorithms have attracted the attention of researchers because they are more robust, reliable, and scalable than other conventional routing algorithms. Since they do not involve extra message exchanges to maintain paths when network topology changes, they are suitable for mobile ad-hoc networks where nodes move dynamically and topology changes frequently. As the number of nodes increases, however, the number of ants (i.e., mobile agents or control messages) also increases and it reduces the scalability of algorithms. In this paper, we propose a scalable ant-based routing algorithm that makes the overhead low while keeping paths short. Our algorithm uses a multistep TTL (Time To Live) scheme, an effective message migration scheme, and an efficient scheme for updating the probability of packet forwarding. Simulation experiments have confirmed that our proposed algorithm can establish shorter paths than the conventional ant-based algorithm with the same signaling overhead.

Yoshitaka Ohtaki; Naoki Wakamiya; Masayuki Murata; Makoto Imase

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Fear: A Fuzzy-based Energy-aware Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many energy-aware routing protocols have been proposed for wireless sensor networks. Most of them are only energy savers and do not take care about energy balancing. The energy saver protocols try to decrease the energy consumption of the network as a whole; however the energy manager protocols balance the energy consumption in the network to avoid network partitioning. This means that energy saver protocols are not necessarily energy balancing and vice versa. However, the lifetime of wireless sensor network is strictly depending on energy consumption; therefore, energy management is an essential task to be considered. This paper proposes an energy aware routing protocol, named FEAR, which considers energy balancing and energy saving. It finds a fair trade-off between energy balancing and energy saving by fuzzy set concept. FEAR routing protocol is simulated and evaluated by Glomosim simulator.

Ahvar, Ehsan; Piran, Mohammad Jalil

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Scalable and deterministic routing with guaranteed delivery in 3d wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Firstly, I have proposed a routing scheme for 3D wireless networks, which is based on Harmonic Volumetric Embedding (HVE). More specifically, my proposed solution is based on a unit tetrahedron cell (UTC) mesh structure. It is a one-to-one map that yields ...

Su Xia / Hongyi Wu, Miao Jin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

An improved ant colony optimization and its application to vehicle routing problem with time windows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ant colony optimization (ACO), inspired from the foraging behavior of ant species, is a swarm intelligence algorithm for solving hard combinatorial optimization problems. The algorithm, however, has the weaknesses of premature convergence and low ... Keywords: Ant colony optimization, Combinatorial optimization problems, Vehicle routing problem with time windows

Qiulei Ding; Xiangpei Hu; Lijun Sun; Yunzeng Wang

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Routing with Mutual Information Accumulation in Energy-Limited Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the same problem for the limited-energy case. We present an analysis based on counter examples, that showsRouting with Mutual Information Accumulation in Energy-Limited Wireless Networks Mahdi Shakiba-Herfeh Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering METU, Ankara, Turkey 06800 Email: mahdi

Uysal-Biyikoglu, Elif

330

Interference-aware cooperative QoS routing in multi-hop wireless networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cooperative communication is a new physical technology, which has the potential to improve QoS support for multi-hop wireless network. Existing works did not consider the interference effect among links while designing cooperative QoS routing. To overcome ...

Wei Feng, Jian Liu, Jiannong Cao, Liang Yang, Qin Xin

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

On the interdependence of routing and data compression in multi-hop sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a problem of broadcast communication in a multi-hop sensor network, in which samples of a random field are collected at each node of the network, and the goal is for all nodes to obtain an estimate of the entire field within a prescribed ... Keywords: cross-layer interactions, multi-hop networks, routing, sensor networks, source coding

Anna Scaglione; Sergio D. Servetto

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

On the optimality of field-line routing in massively dense wireless multi-hop networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the load balancing problem in large wireless multi-hop networks by applying the continuum approximation. The task is to find routes, geometric curves, such that the maximal traffic load in the network is minimized. In finite fixed networks, ... Keywords: Load balancing, Multi-path, Single-path, Wireless multi-hop network

Esa Hyytiä; Jorma Virtamo

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

A path-traceable query routing mechanism for search in unstructured peer-to-peer networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unstructured Peer-to-Peer (P2P) networks have become a very popular architecture for content distribution in large-scale and dynamic environments. Searching for content in unstructured P2P networks is a challenging task because the distribution of objects ... Keywords: Dynamic network, Network topologies, Peer-to-peer (P2P), Query routing

Ming Xu; Shuigeng Zhou; Jihong Guan; Xiaohua Hu

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

A tabu search algorithm for the split delivery vehicle routing problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the Split Delivery Vehicle Routing Problem (SDVRP) where a fleet of homogeneous vehicles has to serve a set of customers. Each customer can be visited more than once, contrary to what is usually assumed in the classical Vehicle Routing Problem (VRP) and the demand of each customer can be greater than the capacity of the vehicles. No constraint on the number of available vehicles is considered. There is a single depot for the vehicles and each vehicle has to start and end its tour at the depot. The objective is to find a set of vehicle routes that serve all the customers such that the sum of the quantity delivered in each tour does not exceed the capacity of the vehicles and the total distance travelled is minimized. The SDVRP has been introduced in the literature only few years ago by Dror and Trudeau (see [4] and [5]) who have considered the case where the demand of each customer is lower than the capacity of the vehicles. They have analyzed the savings generated by allowing split deliveries in a vehicle routing problem and they have presented a heuristic algorithm for the problem. They have also shown that when the distances satisfy the triangle inequality there exists an optimal solution for the SDVRP where no pair of tours have more than one customer in common. We study here the case where the capacity of the vehicles, as well as the demand of each

Claudia Archetti; Alain Hertz; M. Grazia Speranza

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

THE CARBON CYCLE FROM NORTH TO SOUTH ALONG THE GALATHEA 3 ROUTE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE CARBON CYCLE FROM NORTH TO SOUTH ALONG THE GALATHEA 3 ROUTE Merete Bruun Christiansen (1 in the Galathea 3 expedition. Among the larger projects is `The marine carbon cycle from north to south along in the global carbon cycle. The World's open oceans are considered to be net absorbers of carbon dioxide (CO2

336

Survey paper: A survey on routing algorithms for wireless Ad-Hoc and mesh networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless networking technology is evolving as an inexpensive alternative for building federated and community networks (relative to the traditional wired networking approach). Besides its cost-effectiveness, a wireless network brings operational efficiencies, ... Keywords: Ad-Hoc network, Multi-hop network, Routing algorithm, Wireless Mesh Network (WMN)

Eiman Alotaibi; Biswanath Mukherjee

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

SoMR: A scalable distributed QoS multicast routing protocol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many Internet multicast applications such as teleconferencing and remote diagnosis have Quality-of-Service (QoS) requirements. The requirements can be additive (end-to-end delay), multiplicative (loss rate), or of a bottleneck nature (bandwidth). Given ... Keywords: Delay constraint, Multicast routing, Quality of service

Shigang Chen; Yuval Shavitt

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Investigation of routes and funnels in protein folding by free energy functional methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investigation of routes and funnels in protein folding by free energy functional methods Steven S, and approved March 20, 2000 (received for review December 17, 1999) We use a free energy functional theory the free energy barrier to folding. Correlating stronger contact energies with entropically likely contacts

Plotkin, Steven S.

339

Characterizing large-scale routing anomalies: a case study of the china telecom incident  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

China Telecom's hijack of approximately 50,000 IP prefixes in April 2010 highlights the potential for traffic interception on the Internet. Indeed, the sensitive nature of the hijacked prefixes, including US government agencies, garnered a great deal ... Keywords: border gateway protocol, measurement, routing, security

Rahul Hiran, Niklas Carlsson, Phillipa Gill

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Routing in Cyber Physical Systems with Application for Voltage Control in Microgrids: A Hybrid System Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A key challenge of cyber physical system is how to design the communication system. In this paper, the framework of hybrid system which consists of both continuous and discrete system states is adopted for the communication system design, particularly ... Keywords: cyber physical system, hybrid systems, routing

Husheng Li; Robert C. Qiu; Zhiqiang Wu

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A unified framework for multipath routing for unicast and multicast traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the problem of load balancing the traffic from a set of unicast and multicast sessions. The problem is formulated as an optimization problem. However, we assume that the gradient of the network cost function is not available and needs to be ... Keywords: mathematical programming/optimization, multipath routing, network measurements

Tuna Güven; Richard J. La; Mark A. Shayman; Bobby Bhattacharjee

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Review: Review of multicast routing mechanisms in mobile ad hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Frequent interactions among the group members of distributed wireless network environment may be facilitated with the help of Mobile Ad Hoc NETworks (MANETs). Some of the group-oriented applications include disaster management, battlefields, audio/video ... Keywords: MANET, Multicast routing, Quality of service, Reliability

Rajashekhar C. Biradar; Sunilkumar S. Manvi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Parallel automated wire-routing with a number of competing processors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of the automated wire routing for VLSI and printed circuit board design is to connect a number of terminal pairs distributed throughout wiring plane with net paths which do not intersect each other. Although maze running and line search are ...

Yoshizo Takahashi; Shigetaka Sasaki

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Overhead energy considerations for efficient routing in wireless sensor networks q  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy is the most critical resource in the life of a wireless sensor node. Therefore, its usage must be optimized to maximize the network life. It is known that for higher path loss exponent values, utilizing shorter communication links reduces the transmitter energy, whenever the radio equipment has power adjustment capability. Although the transmitter energy is one of the major factors of total energy dissipation, neglecting the overhead energy could result in suboptimal energy usage. Routing algorithms should also be concerned about the overhead energy which is wasted at each hop of data transfer. In this paper, we investigate the use of multi-hop communication links and compare the amount of energy gain upon alternative routes using analytical techniques. We show that employing multi-hop links does not always result in energy gain, and try to quantify situations when it is advantageous. The analytical results are used in routing decisions and their effect in energy efficiency is validated using simulations. Moreover, we also quantify the gain achieved in terms of lifetime by considering overhead energy on power adjustable sensors for different environmental conditions. We show that the network lifetime can dramatically decrease, if the overhead energy component is neglected during routing decisions.

E. Ilker Oyman; Cem Ersoy

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Tier-Based Underwater Acoustic Routing for Applications with Reliability and Delay Constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tier-Based Underwater Acoustic Routing for Applications with Reliability and Delay Constraints Li for underwater sensor networks is still an open research problem because of the unique charac- teristics of the underwater acoustic communication channel such as limited bandwidth, high and variable propagation delays

Melodia, Tommaso

346

ADAPTIVE DYNAMIC ROUTING IN MOBILE WIRELESS AD HOC NETWORKS UTILIZING ON-LINE LINK LIFE ESTIMATES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ADAPTIVE DYNAMIC ROUTING IN MOBILE WIRELESS AD HOC NETWORKS UTILIZING ON-LINE LINK LIFE ESTIMATES of communication infrastructure and by the mobility of the hosts, which also act as routers [9]. Because of this varies widely with the age of the links, so the current duration of a link brings much more information

Baras, John S.

347

Multiple Phase Neighborhood Search-GRASP for the Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Greedy Randomized Adaptive Search Procedure (GRASP) has been proved to be a very efficient algorithm for the solution of the Traveling Salesman Problem. Also, it has been proved that expanding the local search with the use of two or more different local ... Keywords: Expanding Neighborhood Search, Greedy Randomized Adaptive Search Procedure, Langrangean Relaxation, Vehicle Routing Problem

Yannis Marinakis

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

A Local Metric for Geographic Routing with Power Control in Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

operating point of SNR that lies in the transitional region (where packet error rates are non state information. In particular, when electronic power is relatively low, the proposed algorithm can routing: the ratio of the product of the packet reception rate and distance improvement to the total power

Krishnamachari, Bhaskar

349

An evolutionary framework for routing protocol analysis in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are widely adopted for applications ranging from surveillance to environmental monitoring. While powerful and relatively inexpensive, they are subject to behavioural faults which make them unreliable. Due to the complex ... Keywords: anomaly detection, evolutionary algorithms, network efficiency, routing protocols, wireless sensor networks

Doina Bucur; Giovanni Iacca; Giovanni Squillero; Alberto Tonda

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Routing in Coloured Sparse Optical Tori by Using Balanced WDM and Network Sparseness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors present a WDM Wavelength-Division Multiplexing based all-optical network architecture, and study scheduled routing on it. Their architecture can be seen as a communication system of parallel multi-core computer or a large-scale high bandwidth ... Keywords: H-Relation, Optical Communication, Optical Torus, Parallel Random Access Machine PRAM Model, Wavelength-Division Multiplexing

Risto Honkanen; Ville Leppänen

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Self-Adjustable Trust-Based Energy Efficient Routing for Smart Grid Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Smart Grid is the trend of next generation electrical power system which makes the power grid intelligent and energy efficient. It requires high level of network reliability to support two-way communication among electrical services, electrical units ... Keywords: Smart Grid, wireless mesh network, trust-based geographical routing, vulnearabilities and attacks, energy efficiency

Ming Xiang; Quan Bai; William Liu

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Intractable Postpartum Hemorrhage Resulting from Uterine Artery Pseudoaneurysm: Superselective Arteriographic Embolization via the Collateral Route  

SciTech Connect

We present a patient with intractable postpartum hemorrhage resulting from uterine artery pseudoaneurysm despite bilateral hypogastric artery ligation who was successfully treated by an endovascular approach via the collateral route. Although there is a good argument for postponing surgery until transcatheter embolization has been attempted, this case shows that embolization can still be successful even if the iliac vessels have been ligated.

Doenmez, Halil, E-mail: hdonmez68@yahoo.com; Oztuerk, M. Halil; Guergen, Fatma; Soylu, Serra O.; Hekimoglu, Baki [S.B. Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Egitim ve Arastirma Hastanesi, Department of Radiology (Turkey)

2007-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

353

Integrated Google Maps and Smooth Street View Videos for Route Planning National Taiwan University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integrated Google Maps and Smooth Street View Videos for Route Planning Chi Peng National Taiwan that takes start and end points as the input, and will automatically connect to the Google Maps with Street a smooth scenic video from the starting point to the destination, which combines the Google Maps to provide

Ouhyoung, Ming

354

QoS and energy aware routing for real-time traffic in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks are being built to facilitate automated information gathering in military, industrial, environmental and surveillance applications. Many such applications of Sensor Networks require improved QoS (packet delivery within a defined ... Keywords: QoS routing, Real-Time communication, Sensor networks

Abinash Mahapatra; Kumar Anand; Dharma P. Agrawal

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

TwinRoute: Energy-Efficient Data Collection in Fixed Sensor Networks with Mobile Sinks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Collecting data from source sensor nodes to designated sinks is a common and challenging task in a wide spectrum of sensor network applications, ranging from animal monitoring to security surveillance. A number of approaches exploiting sink mobility ... Keywords: wireless sensor network, delay tolerant, dtn, mobile sink, reactive, proactive, routing protocol

Ricklef Wohlers; Niki Trigoni; Rui Zhang; Stephen Ellwood

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Co-utilization of biomass and natural gas: a new route for power productin from biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Co-utilization of biomass and natural gas: a new route for power productin from biomass production is proposed in which biomass energy is used to partially reform natural gas in gas turbines. As a result, part of the natural gas fuel supply can be replaced by biomass while keeping the biomass

Glineur, François

357

Network lifetime analytical model for node-disjoint multipath routing in wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of every sensor node in a sensor network is to send the sensed data in the phenomena to a sink node. The network lifetime is maximal, when the energy consumption of each node is uniform. Many routing protocols select an optimal path to ...

Shiva G. Murthy; R. J. D. Souza; G. Varaprasad

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Opportunistic routing in wireless sensor networks powered by ambient energy harvesting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy consumption is an important issue in the design of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) which typically rely on portable energy sources like batteries for power. Recent advances in ambient energy harvesting technologies have made it possible for sensor ... Keywords: Energy harvesting, Opportunistic routing, Wireless sensor networks

Zhi Ang Eu; Hwee-Pink Tan; Winston K. G. Seah

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Shipment partitioning and routing to minimize makespan in a transportation network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of partitioning and transporting a shipment of known size through an n-node public transportation network with known scheduled departure and arrival times and expected available capacities for each departure. The objective ... Keywords: Minimizing makespan, Partitioning, Vehicle routing

Anand S. Kunnathur; Udayan Nandkeolyar; Daowei Li

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

De ection routing in regular MNA topologies (As appeared in Journal of High Speed Networks)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

diagonals, one can reclaim any even number of spare ports between 2 and 128. These ports can be used \\forward" and \\backward" neighbors which are connected to it via microwave or laser channels. 3 Routing length of the shortest path between two switches. This measure (denoted by ALSP for brevity) is given

Gburzynski, Pawel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Evaluating the Overheads of Source-Directed Quality-of-Service Routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rexford ¡ Kang G. Shin Department of Electrical Engineering ¡ Network Mathematics Research network resource usage but effective path-selection schemes require the distribution of link-state in at the packet or cell level. Complementing these lower-level mechanisms, rout- ing and signalling protocols

Rexford, Jennifer

362

An Energy-Efficient Multipath Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

W.S. Wong Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of British Columbia proposed scheme has a higher node energy efficiency, lower average delay and control overhead than those usage of the shortest path in a certain level. The energy-aware routing is proposed in [3]. It uses lo

Wong, Vincent

363

Evaluating the Overheads of Source-Directed Quality-of-Service Routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rexfordz Kang G. Shiny y Department of Electrical Engineering z Network Mathematics Research and Computer-of-service (QoS) routing satisfiesapplication performance requirements and optimizes network resource usage management to coordinate resource sharing at the packet or cell level. Complementing these lower

Shaikh, Anees

364

Fast energy-aware OLSR routing in VANETs by means of a parallel evolutionary algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work tackles the problem of reducing the power consumption of the OLSR routing protocol in vehicular networks. Nowadays, energy-aware and green communication protocols are important research topics, specially when deploying wireless mobile networks. ... Keywords: Energy, Evolutionary algorithms, Parallelism, Vehicular networks

Jamal Toutouh, Sergio Nesmachnow, Enrique Alba

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

An intelligent compaction technique for pin constrained routing in cross referencing digital microfluidic biochips  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recent advances in microfluidic technology have resulted in the emergence of commercially successful lab-on-chip systems that manifested as applicable devices in the wide range of areas e.g. high-throughput DNA sequencing, immunoassays and clinical ... Keywords: algorithms, biochips, cross referencing, digital microfluidics, ewod, pin constraint, placement, routing, sample droplets

Pranab Roy; Rupam Bhattacharjee; Modud Sohid; Sudipta Chakraborty; Hafizur Rahaman; Parthasarathi Dasgupta

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Ant Colony Optimization Based Droplet Routing Technique in Digital Microfluidic Biochip  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Digital micro fluidic biochip $(DMFB)$ has gained much importance in recent times, which supports various on chip biological sample analysis. The analysis is performed on a two dimensional micro array. Significant researches are going on for high performance ... Keywords: Digital Microfluidic Biochip, ACO, Multi Objective Optimization, Droplet Routing Algorithm

Indrajit Pan; Parthasarathi Dasgupta; Hafizur Rahaman; Tuhina Samanta

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Two-level clustering-based techniques for intelligent droplet routing in digital microfluidic biochips  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current development of micro fabrication and microfluidic technology enables the digital microfluidic biochips (DMFB) to offer a platform for developing diagnostic applications with the advantages of portability, increased automation, low-power consumption, ... Keywords: Algorithms, Biochips, Clustering, Digital microfluidics, Droplet routing, EWOD, Placement

Pranab Roy; Hafizur Rahaman; Parthasarathi Dasgupta

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

A Group-Preferential Parallel-Routing Algorithm for Cross-Referencing Digital Microfluidic Biochips  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Present day Cross-referencing Biochip Technology for Digital Micro fluidic biochips (DMFB) scales down the number of pins per chip drastically, thereby reducing the costs of manufacturing and testing. However the issue of electrode interference poses ... Keywords: Digital microfluidics, Cross-referencing biochips, droplet routing, algorithms, pin clustering

Pranab Roy; Rajesh Mandal; Hafizur Rahaman; Parthasarathi Dasgupta

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Topology and routing optimization for congestion minimization in optical wireless networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optical wireless networks have appealing features such as very high broadband data rates and cost effectiveness. They represent a potential alternative to the last mile (first mile) wireless access problem. However, they are also highly vulnerable to ... Keywords: Mixed integer linear programming, Optical wireless, Routing, Survivable networks, Topology control

Iradj Ouveysi; Feng Shu; Wei Chen; Gangxiang Shen; Moshe Zukerman

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Comparing ingress and egress detection to secure interdomain routing: An experimental analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The global economy and society increasingly depends on computer networks linked together by the Internet. The importance of computer networks reaches far beyond the telecommunications sector since they have become a critical factor for many other crucial ... Keywords: BGP security, Inter-domain routing, adoption, policy

Christoph Goebel; Dirk Neumann; Ramayya Krishnan

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Post-routing redundant via insertion for yield/reliability improvement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reducing the yield loss due to via failure is one of the important problems in design for manufacturability. A well known and highly recommended method to improve via yield/reliability is to add redundant vias. In this paper we study the problem of post-routing ...

Kuang-Yao Lee; Ting-Chi Wang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Post-routing redundant via insertion and line end extension with via density consideration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Redundant via insertion and line end extension employed in the post-routing stage are two well known and highly recommended techniques to reduce yield loss due to via failure. However, if the amount of inserted redundant vias is not well controlled, ...

Kuang-Yao Lee; Ting-Chi Wang; Kai-Yuan Chao

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Optical Packet Routing in Distributed Grid Computing Architectures Odile Liboiron-Ladouceur and Keren Bergman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical Packet Routing in Distributed Grid Computing Architectures Odile Liboiron resources into a single focused application using an optical control plane. Large-scale distributed grid simple grid computing architecture that employs three 12x12 OPS networks based on the data vortex [2

Bergman, Keren

374

Fast-converging scheduling and routing algorithms for WiMAX mesh networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present fast converging algorithms that fit well WiMAX mesh networks. First, a centralized scheduling algorithm is presented. It calculates schedules by transforming the multi-hop tree into a single hop, and then repartitioning the ... Keywords: WiMAX, mesh networks, routing, scheduling

Salim Nahle; Naceur Malouch

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

On the Interactions Between Routing and Inventory-Management Policies in a One-Warehouse N-Retailer Distribution System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the interactions between routing and inventory-management decisions in a two-level supply chain consisting of a cross-docking warehouse and N retailers. Retailer demand is normally distributed and independent across retailers ... Keywords: inventory allocation, inventory replenishment, routing, supply chain

Leroy B. Schwarz; James E. Ward; Xin Zhai

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

A Heuristic Method for Co-optimization of Pin Assignment and Droplet Routing in Digital Microfluidic Biochip  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Design automation in Digital micro fluidic biochip is of immense importance in to days clinical diagnosis process. In this paper, we try to build a heuristic algorithm to simultaneously perform droplet routing and electrode actuation. The proposed method ... Keywords: Digital microfluidic biochip, Droplet routing, Pin assignment, Co-optimization heuristic

Ritwik Mukherjee; Hafizur Rahaman; Indrajit Banerjee; Tuhina Samanta; Parthasarathi Dasgupta

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Field Operations Program - U.S. Postal Service - Fountain Valley Electric Carrier Route Vehicle Testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The United States Postal Service (USPS) has ordered 500 light-duty electric carrier route vehicles (ECRV) mostly for their delivery carriers to use in several California locations. The 500 ECRVs have been defined as a demonstration fleet to support a decision of potentially ordering 5,500 additional ECRVs. Several different test methods are being used by the USPS to evaluate the 500-vehicle deployment. One of these test methods is the ECRV Customer Acceptance Test Program at Fountain Valley, California. Two newly manufactured ECRVs were delivered to the Fountain Valley Post Office and eighteen mail carriers primarily drove the ECRVs on ''park and loop'' mail delivery routes for a period of 2 days each. This ECRV testing consisted of 36 route tests, 18 tests per vehicle. The 18 mail carriers testing the ECRVs were surveyed for the opinions on the performance of the ECRVs. The U.S. Department of Energy, through its Field Operations Program, is supporting the USPS's ECRV testing activities both financially and with technical expertise. As part of this support, Field Operations Program personnel at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory have compiled this report based on the data generated by the USPS and its testing contractor (Ryerson, Master and Associates, Inc.) During the 36 route tests, the two test vehicles were driven a total of 474 miles, averaging 13 mile per test. The distance of the 36 route tests ranged from 4 to 34 miles. Both miles driven and State-of-Charge (SOC) data was collected for only 28 of the route tests. During these 28 tests, the ECRVs were driven a total of 447 miles. The SOC used during the 28 tests averaged a 41% decrease and the average distance driven was 16 miles. This suggests that a 16-mile route uses almost half of the ECRV's battery energy. The 18 carriers also rated 12 ECRV traits that included the physical design of the ECRVs as well as their performance. Based on a scale of 1 being the lowest and 5 being highest, or best, the overall average score for the ECRV was 4.3. The report also included individual comments from the ECRV drivers.

Francfort, J.E.

2002-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

378

Field Operations Program - US Postal Service Fountain Valley Electric Carrier Route Vehicle Testing  

SciTech Connect

The United States Postal Service (USPS) has ordered 500 light-duty electric carrier route vehicles (ECRV) mostly for their delivery carriers to use in several California locations. The 500 ECRVs have been defined as a demonstration fleet to support a decision of potentially ordering 5,500 additional ECRVs. Several different test methods are being used by the USPS to evaluate the 500-vehicle deployment. One of these test methods is the ECRV Customer Acceptance Test Program at Fountain Valley, California. Two newly manufactured ECRVs were delivered to the Fountain Valey Post Office and eighteen mail carriers primarily drove the ECRVs on "park and loop" mail delivery routes for a period of 2 days each. This ECRV testing consisted of 36 route tests, 18 tests per vehicle. The 18 mail carriers testing the ECRVs were surveyed for the opinions on the performance of the ECRVs. The U.S. Department of Energy, through its Field Operations Program, is supporting the USPS's ECRV testing activities both financially and with technical expertise. As part of this support, Field Operations Program personnel at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory have compiled this report based on the data generated by the USPS and its testing contractor (Ryerson, Master and Associates, Inc.) During the 36 route tests, the two test vehicles were driven a total of 474 miles, averaging 13 mile per test. The distance of the 36 route tests ranged from 4 to 34 miles. Both miles driven and State-of-Charge (SOC) data was collected for only 28 of the route tests. During these 28 tests, the ECRVs were driven a total of 447 miles. The SOC used during the 28 tests averaged a 41% decrease and the average distance driven was 16 miles. This suggests that a 16-mile route uses almost half of the ECRV's battery energy. The 18 carriers also rated 12 ECRV traits that included the physical design of the ECRVs as well as their performance. Based on a scale of 1 being the lowest and 5 being highest, or best, the overall average score for the ECRV was 4.3. The report also included individual comments from the ECRV drivers.

Francfort, James Edward

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Characterizing the Interaction Between Routing and MAC Protocols in Ad-Hoc Networks  

SciTech Connect

We empirically study the effect of mobility on the performance of protocols designed for wireless ad-hoc networks. An important objective is to study the interaction of the Routing and MAC layer protocols under different mobility parameters. We use three basic mobility models: grid mobility model, random waypoint model, and exponential correlated random model. The performance of protocols is measured in terms of (i) latency, (ii) throughput, (iii) number of packets received, (iv) long term fairness and (v) number of control packets at the MAC and routing layer level. Three different commonly studied routing protocols are used: AODV, DSR and LAR1. Similarly three well known MAC protocols are used: MACA, 802.1 1 and CSMA. Our main contribution is simulation based experiments coupled with rigorous statistical analysis to characterize the interaction of MAC layer protocols with routing layer protocols in ad-hoc networks. From the results, we can conclude the following: e No single MAC or Routing protocol dominated the other protocols in their class. Probably more interestingly, no MAURouting protocol combination was better than other combinations over all scenarios and response variables. 0 In general, it is not meaningful to speak about a MAC or a routing protocol in isolation. Presence of interaction leads to trade-offs between the amount of control packets generated by each layer. The results raise the possibility of improving the performance of a particular MAC layer protocol by using a cleverly designed routing protocol or vice-versa. Thus in order to improve the performanceof a communication network, it is important to study the entire protocol stack as a single algorithmic construct; optimizing individual layers in the seven layer OS1 stack will not yield performance improvements beyond a point. A methodological contribution of this paper is the use of statistical methods such as analysis of variance (ANOVA), to characterize the interaction between the protocols, mobility patterns and speed. Such methods allow us to analyze complicated experiments with large input space in a systematic manner.

Barrett, C. L. (Christopher L.); Drozda, M. (Martin); Marathe, A. (Achla); Marathe, M. V. (Madhav V.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Yucca Mountain transportation routes: Preliminary characterization and risk analysis; Volume 1, Research report  

SciTech Connect

In this study, rail and highway routes which may be used for shipments of high-level nuclear waste to a proposed repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada are characterized. This characterization facilitates three types of impact analysis: comparative study, limited worst-case assessment, and more sophisticated probabilistic risk assessment techniques. Data for relative and absolute impact measures are provided to support comparisons of routes based on selected characteristics. A worst-case scenario assessment is included to determine potentially critical and most likely places for accidents or incidents to occur. The assessment facilitated by the data in this study is limited because impact measures are restricted to the identification of potential areas or persons affected. No attempt is made to quantify the magnitude of these impacts. Most likely locations for accidents to occur are determined relative to other locations within the scope of this study. Independent factors and historical trends used to identify these likely locations are only proxies for accident probability.

Souleyrette, R.R. II; Sathisan, S.K.; di Bartolo, R. [Nevada Univ., Las Vegas, NV (United States). Transportation Research Center

1991-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Routing and packet scheduling for throughput maximization in ieee 802.16 mesh networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract — This paper considers the problem of maximizing the system throughput in IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks with mesh topology, and the following results are presented. We first consider a simplified linear network with only uplink traffic and provide an optimal scheduling algorithm and establish an analytical result on the length of the schedule. We then consider the problem of routing and packet scheduling in general topology, and show its NPcompleteness. We also provide an ILP formulation for this problem. Based on our optimal algorithm for linear networks, we propose algorithms that find routes and schedules of packet transmissions in general mesh topologies. The performance of our proposed algorithms is analyzed using the NS-2 simulator. The results show that the suggested algorithms perform significantly better than other existing algorithms.

Fanchun Jin; Amrinder Arora; Jinho Hwang; Hyeong-ah Choi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

A Comprehensive study of a New Multipath Energy Aware Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad-hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Maximizing network lifetime is a very challenging issue in routing protocol design for Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks (MANETs), since mobile nodes are powered by limited-capacity batteries. Furthermore, replacing or recharging batteries is often impossible in critical environments (e.g. battlefields, disaster areas, etc.) The proposed MEA-DSR (Multipath Energy-Aware on Demand Source Routing) protocol uses a load distribution policy in order to maximize network lifetime. The simulation results have shown the efficiency of the proposed protocol in comparison to DSR routing protocol in many difficult scenarios

Chettibi, Saloua

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Two-atom system as a nano-antenna for mode switching and light routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We determine how a system composed of two nonidentical two-level atoms with different resonance frequencies and different damping rates could work as a nano-antenna for controlled mode switching and light routing. We calculate the angular distribution of the emitted field detected in a far-field zone of the system including the direct interatomic interactions and arbitrary linear dimensions of the system. The calculation is carried out in terms of the symmetric and antisymmetric modes of the two atom system. We find that as long as the atoms are identical, the emission cannot be switched between the symmetric and antisymmetric modes. The switching may occur when the atoms are non-identical and the emission can then be routed to different modes by changing the relative ratio of the atomic frequencies, or damping rates or by a proper tuning of the laser frequency to the atomic resonance frequencies. It is shown that in the case of atoms of different resonance frequencies but equal damping rates, the light routing is independent of the frequency of the driving laser field. It depends only on the sign of the detuning between the atomic resonance frequencies. In the case of atoms of different damping rates, the emission can be switched between different modes by changing the laser frequency from the blue to red detuned from the atomic resonance. The effect of the interatomic interactions is also considered and it is found that in the case of unequal resonance frequencies of the atoms, the interactions slightly modify the visibility of the intensity pattern. The case of unequal damping rates of the atoms is affected rather more drastically, the light routing becoming asymmetric under the dipole-dipole interaction with the enhanced intensities of the modes turned towards the atom of smaller damping rate.

Vassilis E. Lembessis; Anwar Al Rsheed; Omar M. Aldossary; Zbigniew Ficek

2013-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

384

Crossing Active Faults on the Sakhalin II Onshore Pipeline Route: Pipeline Design and Risk Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Twin oil (20 and 24 inch) and gas (20 and 48 inch) pipeline systems stretching 800 km are being constructed to connect offshore hydrocarbon deposits from the Sakhalin II concession in the North to an LNG plant and oil export terminal in the South of Sakhalin island. The onshore pipeline route follows a regional fault zone and crosses individual active faults at 19 locations. Sakhalin Energy, Design and Construction companies took significant care to ensure the integrity of the pipelines, should large seismic induced ground movements occur during the Operational life of the facilities. Complex investigations including the identification of the active faults, their precise location, their particular displacement values and assessment of the fault kinematics were carried out to provide input data for unique design solutions. Lateral and reverse offset displacements of 5.5 and 4.5 m respectively were determined as the single-event values for the design level earthquake (DLE) - the 1000-year return period event. Within the constraints of a pipeline route largely fixed, the underground pipeline fault crossing design was developed to define the optimum routing which would minimize stresses and strain using linepipe materials which had been ordered prior to the completion of detailed design, and to specify requirements for pipe trenching shape, materials, drainage system, etc. Detailed Design was performed with due regard to actual topography and to avoid the possibility of the trenches freezing in winter, the implementation of specific drainage solutions and thermal protection measures.

Mattiozzi, Pierpaolo [Snamprogetti-Saipem, Via Toniolo, 1, 61032 Fano (Italy); Strom, Alexander [Institute of Geospheres Dynamics, Leninskiy Avenue, 38, Building 1, 119334, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

385

Crossing Active Faults on the Sakhalin II Onshore Pipeline Route: Analysis Methodology and Basic Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Twin oil (20 and 24 inch) and gas (20 and 48 inch) pipeline systems stretching 800 km are being constructed to connect offshore hydrocarbon deposits from the Sakhalin II concession in the North to an LNG plant and oil export terminal in the South of Sakhalin island. The onshore pipeline route follows a regional fault zone and crosses individual active faults at 19 locations. Sakhalin Energy, Design and Construction companies took significant care to ensure the integrity of the pipelines, should large seismic induced ground movements occur during the Operational life of the facilities. Complex investigations including the identification of the active faults, their precise location, their particular displacement values and assessment of the fault kinematics were carried out to provide input data for unique design solutions. Lateral and reverse offset displacements of 5.5 and 4.5 m respectively were determined as the single-event values for the design level earthquake (DLE)--the 1000-year return period event. Within the constraints of a pipeline route largely fixed, the underground pipeline fault crossing design was developed to define the optimum routing which would minimize stresses and strain using linepipe materials which had been ordered prior to the completion of detailed design, and to specify requirements for pipe trenching shape, materials, drainage system, etc. This Paper describes the steps followed to formulate the concept of the special trenches and the analytical characteristics of the Model.

Vitali, Luigino [Snamprogetti-Saipem, Via Toniolo, 1, 61032 Fano, Luigino (Italy); Mattiozzi, Pierpaolo [Snamprogetti-Saipem, Via Toniolo, 1, 61032 Fano (Italy)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

386

Routing Algorithms for Delay-insensitive and Delay-sensitive Applications in Underwater Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Underwater sensor networks consist of sensors and vehicles deployed to perform collaborative monitoring tasks over a given region. Underwater sensor networks will find applications in oceanographic data collection, pollution monitoring, offshore exploration, disaster prevention, assisted navigation, tactical surveillance, and mine reconnaissance. Underwater acoustic networking is the enabling technology for these applications. In this paper, an architecture for three-dimensional underwater sensor networks is considered, and a model characterizing the acoustic channel utilization efficiency is introduced, which allows investigating some fundamental characteristics of the underwater environment. In particular, the model allows setting the optimal packet size for underwater communications given monitored volume, density of the sensor network, and application requirements. Moreover, the problem of data gathering is investigated at the network layer by considering the cross-layer interactions between the routing functions and the characteristics of the underwater acoustic channel. Two distributed routing algorithms are introduced for delay-insensitive and delaysensitive applications. The proposed solutions allow each node to select its next hop, with the objective of minimizing the energy consumption taking the varying condition of the underwater channel and the different application requirements into account. The proposed routing solutions are shown to achieve the performance targets by means of simulation.

Dario Pompili; Tommaso Melodia; Ian F. Akyildiz

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Application of the New City-Suburban Heavy Vehicle Route (CSHVR) to Truck Emissions Characterization  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Speed-time and video data were tractor-trailers performing local deliveries in logged for Akron, OH. and Richmond, VA. in order to develop an emissions test schedule that represented real truck use. The data bank developed using these logging techniques was used to create a Yard cycle, a Freeway cycle and a City-Suburban cycle by the concatenation of microtrips. The City-Suburban driving cycle was converted to a driving route, in which the truck under test would perform at maximum acceleration during certain portions of the test schedule. This new route was used to characterize the emissions of a 1982 Ford tractor with a Cummins 14 liter, 350 hp engine and a 1998 International tractor with a Cummins 14 liter, 435 hp engine. Emissions levels were found to be repeatable with one driver and the drier-to-driver variation of NO{sub x} was under 4%, although the driver-to driver variations of CO and PM were higher. Emissions levels of NO{sub x} for the Ford tractor at a test weight of 46,400 lb. u sing the CSHVR were comparable with values obtained using the WVU 5 mile route and the EPA Urban Dynamometer Driving Schedule for Heavy Duty Vehicles (''Test D''). The PM missions were slightly higher for the CSHVR than the 5 mile route and Test D. The effect of test weight on emissions, in units of mass/distance, was assessed using the International tractor with the CSHVR at 26,000, 36,000 and 46,400 lb. test weights. Variation of all regulated exhaust emissions was small between test weights, although the CO{sub 2} level reflected the additional energy used at higher weights. The small variation in regulated emissions may be attributed to the fact that in all three cases, the route called for full power operation of the vehicle, and that PM puff associated with gear shifting would be similar. It is concluded that the CSHVR represents a useful and realistic test schedule for truck emissions characterization.

Nigel N. Clark; James J. Daley; Ralph D. Nine; Christopher M. Atkinson

1999-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

388

Greenland Freshwater Runoff. Part I: A Runoff Routing Model for Glaciated and Nonglaciated Landscapes (HydroFlow)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A gridded linear-reservoir runoff routing model (HydroFlow) was developed to simulate the linkages between runoff production from land-based snowmelt and icemelt processes and the associated freshwater fluxes to downstream areas and surrounding ...

Glen E. Liston; Sebastian H. Mernild

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

En Route to the Clinic: Diagnostic Sequencing Applications Using the Ion Torrent ( 7th Annual SFAF Meeting, 2012)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Donna Muzny on "En route to the clinic: Diagnostic sequencing applications using the Ion Torrent" at the 2012 Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future Meeting held June 5-7, 2012 in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Muzny, Donna [Baylor College of Medicine

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Performance of ad hoc networks with two-hop relay routing and limited packet lifetime (extended version)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a mobile ad hoc network consisting of three types of nodes (source, destination and relay nodes) and using the two-hop relay routing. This type of routing takes advantage of the mobility and the storage capacity of the nodes, called the relay ... Keywords: Delay tolerant network, Limited packet lifetime, Mobile ad hoc network, Mobility model, Performance analysis, Two-hop relay protocol

Ahmad Al Hanbali; Philippe Nain; Eitan Altman

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

INTERLINE 5.0 -- An expanded railroad routing model: Program description, methodology, and revised user`s manual  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A rail routine model, INTERLINE, has been developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory to investigate potential routes for transporting radioactive materials. In Version 5.0, the INTERLINE routing algorithms have been enhanced to include the ability to predict alternative routes, barge routes, and population statistics for any route. The INTERLINE railroad network is essentially a computerized rail atlas describing the US railroad system. All rail lines, with the exception of industrial spurs, are included in the network. Inland waterways and deep water routes along with their interchange points with the US railroadsystem are also included. The network contains over 15,000 rail and barge segments (links) and over 13,000 stations, interchange points, ports, and other locations (nodes). The INTERLINE model has been converted to operate on an IBM-compatible personal computer. At least a 286 computer with a hard disk containing approximately 6 MB of free space is recommended. Enhanced program performance will be obtained by using arandom-access memory drive on a 386 or 486 computer.

Johnson, P.E.; Joy, D.S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Clarke, D.B.; Jacobi, J.M. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Transportation Center

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Design and development of a vehicle routing system under capacity, time-windows and rush-order reloading considerations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this research is to present the design and development of a routing system, custom developed for a fence manufacturing company in the continental US. The objective of the routing module of the system is to generate least cost routes from the home-center of the company to a set of delivery locations. Routes are evolved for a set of customer locations based on the sales order information and are frequently modified to include rush orders. These routes are such that each delivery is made within a given time window. Further, total truckload of all delivery locations over any particular route is not allowed to exceed the weight and volume capacities of the truck. The basic system modules such as user interface functions and database are designed using MS Access 2000. An interface module to retrieve data from existing ERP system of the company is developed to import pick-ticket information. A customer inter-distance maintenance module is designed with the abilities of a learning tool to reduce information retrieval time between the routing system and the GIS server. The Graphical User Interface with various screen forms and printable reports is developed along with the routing module to achieve complete system functionality and to provide an efficient logistics solution. This problem, formulated as a mixed-integer program, is of particular interest due to its generality to model problem scenarios in the production shop such as job-shop scheduling, material handling, etc. This problem is coded and solved for instances with different input parameters using AMPL/CPLEX. Results of test runs for the company data show that the solution time increases exponentially with the number of customers. Hence, a heuristic approach is developed and implemented. Sample runs with small instances are solved for optimality using AMPL/CPLEX and are used to compare the performance of the heuristics. However, test runs solved using the heuristics for larger instances are compared with the manual routing costs. The comparison shows a considerable cost savings for heuristic solutions. Further, a what-if analysis module is implemented to aid the dispatcher in choosing input parameters based on sensitivity analysis. In conclusion, further improvement of the routing system and future research directions are proposed.

Easwaran, Gopalakrishnan

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Abstract Routing Challenges and Directions for Smart Objects in Future Internet of Things  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Future Internet of things will consist of smart objects that will form distributed and autonomous peripheral wireless networks near the user end. The distributed nature of smart object networks, also termed ad hoc networks, require novel cooperative effective and efficient protocols for dynamic environment. It is therefore very important to provide a unified flexible framework for Ad hoc smart object communication that will allow adaptive, hybrid routing in order to satisfy Ad hoc networking requirements as proposed by the Cognitive and Adaptive Module (CAM) in [15]. 1.

T. A. Ramrekha; E. Panaousis; C. Politis

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Modelling the Delay Distribution of Binary Spray and Wait Routing Protocol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article proposes a stochastic model to obtain the end-to-end delay law between two nodes of a Delay Tolerant Network (DTN). We focus on the commonly used Binary Spray and Wait (BSW) routing protocol and propose a model that can be applied to homogeneous or heterogeneous networks (i.e. when the inter-contact law parameter takes one or several values). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first model allowing to estimate the delay distribution of Binary Spray and Wait DTN protocol in heterogeneous networks. We first detail the model and propose a set of simulations to validate the theoretical results.

Diana, Rémi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Opportunistic Routing in Ad Hoc Networks: How many relays should there be? What rate should nodes use?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Opportunistic routing is a multi-hop routing scheme which allows for selection of the best immediately available relay. In blind opportunistic routing protocols, where transmitters blindly broadcast without knowledge of the surrounding nodes, two fundamental design parameters are the node transmission probability and the transmission spectral efficiency. In this paper these parameters are selected to maximize end-to-end performance, characterized by the product of transmitter density, hop distance and rate. Due to the intractability of the problem as stated, an approximation function is examined which proves reasonably accurate. Our results show how the above design parameters should be selected based on inherent system parameters such as the path loss exponent and the noise level.

Blomer, Joseph

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Microsoft Word - CX-Alvey-Fairview_VerizonFiberRouting_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9, 2011 9, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Shelley Fenton Realty Specialist - TERR-3 Proposed Action: Granting Verizon Wireless permission to route approximately 2900 feet of fiber across fee-owned land from McVay Highway to their existing equipment pad located at Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) tower 1/5 on the Alvey-Fairview transmission line. PP&A Project No.: 2013 Budget Information: N/A Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.7 Burying fiber optic cable. Adding fiber optic cable to transmission structures or burying fiber optic cable in existing transmission line rights-of-way. Location: Section 14; Township 18S; Range 3W - Willamette Meridian in Lane County,

397

Hypo-Steiner heuristic for multicast routing in all-optical WDM mesh networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In sparse light splitting all-optical WDM networks, the more destinations a light-tree can accommodate, the fewer light-trees andwavelengths amulticast session will require. In this article, a Hypo-Steiner light-tree algorithm (HSLT) is proposed to construct a HSLT light-tree to include as many destinations as possible. The upper bound cost of the light-trees built by HSLT is given as N(N -1)/2, where N is the number of nodes in the network. The analytical model proves that, under the same condition, more destinations could be held in a HSLT than a Member-Only (Zhang et al., J. Lightware Technol, 18(12), 1917-1927 2000.) light-tree. Extensive simulations not only validate the proof but also show that the proposed heuristic outperforms the existing multicast routing algorithms by a large margin in terms of link stress, throughput, and efficiency ofwavelength usage.

Zhou, Fen; Cousin, Bernard; 10.1007/s11107-010-0243-5

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Distance priority based multicast routing in WDM networks considering sparse light splitting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As we know, the member-only algorithm in provides the best links stress and wavelength usage for the construction of multicast light-trees in WDM networks with sparse splitting. However, the diameter of tree is too big and the average delay is also too large, which are intolerant for QoS required multimedia applications. In this paper, a distance priority based algorithm is proposed to build light-trees for multicast routing, where the Candidate Destinations and the Candidate Connectors are introduced. Simulations show the proposed algorithm is able to greatly reduce the diameter and average delay of the multicast tree (up to 51% and 50% respectively), while keep the same or get a slightly better link stress as well as the wavelength usage than the famous Member-Only algorithm.

Zhou, Fen; Cousin, Bernard; 10.1109/ICCS.2008.4737278

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Large area ceramic thin films on plastics: A versatile route via solution processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new general route for large area, submicron thick ceramic thin films (crystalline metal oxide thin films) on plastic substrates is presented, where the crystallization of films is guaranteed by a firing process. Gel films are deposited on silicon substrates with a release layer and fired to be ceramic films, followed by transferring onto plastic substrates using adhesives. The ceramic films thus fabricated on plastics exhibit a certain degree of flexibility, implying the possibility of the technique to be applied to high-throughput roll-to-roll processes. Using this technique, we successfully realized transparent anatase thin films that provide high optical reflectance and transparent indium tin oxide thin films that exhibit electrical conductivity on polycarbonate and acrylic resin substrates, respectively. Crystallographically oriented zinc oxide films and patterned zinc oxide films are also demonstrated to be realized on acrylic resin substrates.

Kozuka, H.; Yamano, A.; Uchiyama, H.; Takahashi, M. [Faculty of Chemistry, Materials and Bioengineering, Kansai University, 3-3-35 Yamate-cho, Suita, 564-8680 (Japan); Fukui, T.; Yoki, M.; Akase, T. [Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kansai University, 3-3-35 Yamate-cho, Suita, 564-8680 (Japan)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Distributed Power Flow Control: Distributed Power Flow Control using Smart Wires for Energy Routing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

GENI Project: Smart Wire Grid is developing a solution for controlling power flow within the electric grid to better manage unused and overall transmission capacity. The 300,000 miles of high-voltage transmission line in the U.S. today are congested and inefficient, with only around 50% of all transmission capacity utilized at any given time. Increased consumer demand should be met in part with more efficient and an economical power flow. Smart Wire Grid’s devices clamp onto existing transmission lines and control the flow of power within—much like how internet routers help allocate bandwidth throughout the web. Smart wires could support greater use of renewable energy by providing more consistent control over how that energy is routed within the grid on a real-time basis. This would lessen the concerns surrounding the grid’s inability to effectively store intermittent energy from renewables for later use.

None

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Crystal and Electronic Structures of Neptunium Nitrides Synthesized Using a Fluoride Route  

SciTech Connect

A low-temperature fluoride route was utilized to synthesize neptunium mononitride, NpN. Through the development of this process, two new neptunium nitride species, NpN{sub 2} and Np{sub 2}N{sub 3}, were identified. The NpN{sub 2} and Np{sub 2}N{sub 3} have crystal structures isomorphous to those of UN{sub 2} and U{sub 2}N{sub 3}, respectively. NpN{sub 2} crystallizes in a face-centered cubic CaF{sub 2}-type structure with a space group of Fm3m and a refined lattice parameter of 5.3236(1) {angstrom}. The Np{sub 2}N{sub 3} adopts the body-centered cubic Mn{sub 2}O{sub 3}-type structure with a space group of Ia{bar 3}. Its refined lattice parameter is 10.6513(4) {angstrom}. The NpN synthesis at temperatures {le} 900 C using the fluoride route discussed here was also demonstrated. Previous computational studies of the neptunium nitride system have focused exclusively on the NpN phase because no evidence was reported experimentally on the presence of NpN{sub x} systems. Here, the crystal structures of NpN{sub 2} and Np{sub 2}N{sub 3} are discussed for the first time, confirming the experimental results by density functional calculations (DFT). These DFT calculations were performed within the local-density approximation (LDA+U) and the generalized-gradient approximation (GGA+U) corrected with an effective Hubbard parameter to account for the strong on-site Coulomb repulsion between Np 5f electrons. The effects of the spin-orbit coupling in the GGA+U calculations have also been investigated for NpN{sub 2} and NpN.

Silva, G W Chinthaka M [ORNL; Weck, Dr. Phil F. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Eunja, Dr. Kim [University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Yeamans, Dr. Charles B. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Cerefice, Gary S. [University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Sattelberger, Alfred P [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Czerwinski, Ken R. [University of Nevada, Las Vegas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

A cross-layer optimization based integrated routing and grooming algorithm for green multi-granularity transport networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the development of IP networks and intelligent optical switch networks, the backbone network tends to be a multi-granularity transport one. In a multi-granularity transport network (MTN), due to the rapid growth of various applications, the scale ... Keywords: Biogeography-based optimization, Green integrated routing and grooming, Multi-granularity transport network, Multi-user QoS satisfaction degree

Xingwei Wang, Hui Cheng, Keqin Li, Jie Li, Jiajia Sun

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Catalysis Letters 59 (1999) 9394 93 Stepwise methane steam reforming: a route to CO-free hydrogen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Catalysis Letters 59 (1999) 93­94 93 Stepwise methane steam reforming: a route to CO-free hydrogen-free hydrogen. Keywords: methane decomposition, Ni/zirconia, steam gasification In order to utilize hydrogen of impurities, particularly carbon monoxide. Steam reforming, partial oxidation and au- tothermal reforming [1

Goodman, Wayne

404

A parallel implementation of Strassen's matrix multiplication algorithm for wormhole-routed all-port 2D torus networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new parallel implementation of Strassen's matrix multiplication algorithm is proposed for massively parallel supercomputers with 2D, all-port torus interconnection networks. The proposed algorithm employs a special conflict-free routing pattern for ... Keywords: 2D torus, Fast Matrix Multiplication, Parallel processing, Strassen's matrix multiplication, Torus interconnection networks

Cesur Baransel; Kayhan M. ?mre

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

On a joint temporal-spatial multi-channel assignment and routing scheme in resource-constrained wireless mesh networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Use of multiple orthogonal channels can significantly improve network throughput of multi-hop wireless mesh networks (WMNs). In these WMNs where multiple channels are available, channel assignment is done either in a centralized manner, which unfortunately ... Keywords: Channel assignment, Linear programming (LP), Routing, Spatial, Temporal, Throughput, Wireless mesh networks (WMNs)

Yan Jin; Weiping Wang; Yingtao Jiang; Mei Yang

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 12, NO. 4, AUGUST 2004 595 Independent Zone Routing: An Adaptive Hybrid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 12, NO. 4, AUGUST 2004 595 Independent Zone Routing received August 3, 2002; revised July 10, 2003; approved by IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING Editor N, this is in contradiction with the fact that all updates in the wireless communication en- vironment travel over the air

Haas, Zygmunt J.

407

A decision support system of vehicle routing and refueling for motor carriers with time-sensitive demands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Given the recent trend of raising fuel cost and the increased time-sensitiveness of shippers, an extensive pressure is placed on the motor-carrier industry to meet the time-constrained customer demands at minimum fuel cost. We propose a decision support ... Keywords: Decision support system, Fuel cost, Motor carriers, Optimization, Vehicle routing

Yoshinori Suzuki

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Rate-adaption channel assignment and routing algorithm for multi-channel wirelessMAN mesh networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless mesh networks provide an easy deployed and extensible solution to access Internet or communicate with each other for both enterprises and individuals. With the help of multi-channel and multi-radio, wireless mesh network can support more traffic ... Keywords: IEEE 802.16, channel assignment, rate-adaption, routing, wireless mesh network

Eric Hsiao-Kuang Wu; Wei-Li Chang; Hsuan-Hao Chan

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Impact of Spatial Filtering on the Least Cost Path Method: Selecting a High-Speed Rail Route for Ohio's 3-C Corridor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the face of renewed interest in High-Speed Rail (HSR) projects, Ohio is one of several states seeking federal funding to relieve pressure on aging, overburdened highway infrastructure by constructing passenger rail routes between major cities. This ... Keywords: 3-C Corridor, High-Speed Rail, Least Cost Path, Ohio Hub Project, Rail Routing

Amy E. Rock; Amanda Mullett; Saad Algharib; Jared Schaffer; Jay Lee

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Decision Level Data Fusion for Routing of Documents in the TREC3 Context: A Best Case Analysis of Worst Case Results.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decision Level Data Fusion for Routing of Documents in the TREC3 Context: A Best Case Analysis of decision level data fusion in the routing (filtering) task of the Text Retrieval Conference is summarized and analyzed. The relatively poor results of an approach in which a specific fusion rule was selected for each

411

Parking and routing information system phase 1 evaluation -- Individual evaluation test plans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A parking and routing information system (PARIS) is being designed and deployed at a test site on the Mountain Home Veterans Administration campus in Johnson City, Tennessee using three sensor technologies. The purpose of the PARIS project is to demonstrate innovative integration of vehicle sensing technologies with parking management strategies to improve mobility and relieve congestion associated with a growing medical/technology complex. This technical memorandum presents the four individual evaluation test plans, System Performance Individual Evaluation Test Plan, User Acceptance Individual Evaluation Test Plan, Institutional and Business Issues Individual Evaluation Test Plan, and Transportation Systems Individual Evaluation Test Plan, which were developed to support ORNL`s responsibilities and functions during the four studies. The plans define the level of effort required to satisfy the data collection, processing, and analysis requirements for the assessment of the system performance, user acceptance, institutional and business issues, and transportation systems components of the PARIS phase 1 evaluation. Each plan is divided into three subsections: executive summary, detailed study design, and study management.

Carter, R.J.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Magnetic hose: Routing and Long-distance Transportation of Magnetic Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetism is a fundamental interaction shaping our physical world, at the basis of technologies such as magnetic recording or energy generation. Unlike electromagnetic waves, which can be routed and transmitted with waveguides to long distances, magnetic fields rapidly decay with distance. Here we show the concept, design, and properties of a magnetic hose which enables to transfer the static magnetic field generated by a source to an arbitrary distance, and along any given trajectory. Using transformation optics, adapted to static magnetic fields, we first introduce an ideal scheme displaying the basic mechanism behind our proposal and allowing for a perfect transfer. Then we present a simplified approach, which allows to construct a magnetic hose using two available materials: a superconducting shell with a ferromagnetic core. Such a magnetic hose can guide and transport magnetic fields to large distances, unlike ferromagnets- the conventional existing method-, for which transmitted fields decay quickly with the ferromagnetic length. As a proof of pinciple experiment, we demonstrate the field transmission through superconducting-ferromagnetic hoses with lengths up to 140mm, which improve the transmission of an analogous ferromagnet by a 400% factor. Magnetic hoses may provide new solutions in enhancing spin couplings in all-magnetic logic schemes and in harnessing quantum systems by addressable magnetic fields, in the context of quantum information processing.

Carles Navau; Jordi Prat-Camps; Oriol Romero-Isart; J. Ignacio Cirac; Alvaro Sanchez

2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

413

Computational Investigations of Trichoderma Reesei Cel7A Suggest New Routes for Enzyme Activity Improvements  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Trichoderma reesei Family 7 cellulase (Cel7A) is a key industrial enzyme in the production of biofuels from lignocellulosic biomass. It is a multi-modular enzyme with a Family 1 carbohydrate-binding module, a flexible O-glycosylated linker, and a large catalytic domain. We have used simulation to elucidate new functions for the 3 sub-domains, which suggests new routes to increase the activity of this central enzyme. These findings include new roles for glycosylation, which we have shown can be used to tune the binding affinity. We have also examined the structures of the catalytically-active complex of Cel7A and its non-processive counterpart, Cel7B, engaged on cellulose, which suggests allosteric mechanisms involved in chain binding when these cellulases are complexed on cellulose. Our computational results also suggest that product inhibition varies significantly between Cel7A and Cel7B, and we offer a molecular-level explanation for this observation. Finally, we discuss simulations of the absolute and relative binding free energy of cellulose ligands and various mutations along the CD tunnel, which will affect processivity and the ability of Cel7A (and related enzymes) to digest cellulose. These results highlight new considerations in protein engineering for processive and non-processive cellulases for production of lignocellulosic biofuels.

Beckham, G. T.; Payne, C. M.; Bu, L.; Taylor, C. B.; McCabe, C.; Chu, J. W.; Himmel, M. E.; Crowley, M. F.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

A Game-Dynamic Model of Gas Transportation Routes and Its Application . . .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to study an optimal structure of a system of international gas pipelines competing for a gas market. We develop a game-dynamic model of the operation of several interacting gas pipeline projects with project owners acting as players in the game. The model treats the projects' commercialization times as major players' controls. Current quantities of gas supply are modeled as approximations to Nash equilibrium points in instantaneous "gas supply games", in which each player maximizes his/her current netprofit due to the sales of gas. We use the model to analyze the Turkish gas market, on which gas routes originating from Russia, Turkmenistan and Iran are competing. The analysis is carried out in three steps. At step 1, we model the operation of the pipelines as planned and estimate the associated profits. At step 2, we optimize individual projects, with respect to their profits, assuming that the other pipelines operate as planned. At step 3, we find numerical Nash equilibrium commercialization policies for the entire group of the pipelines. The simulations show the degrees to which the planned regimes are not optimal compared to the Nash equilibrium ones. Another observation is that in equilibrium regimes the pipelines are not always being run at their full capacities, which implies that the proposed pipeline capacities might not be optimal. The simulation results turn out to be moderately sensitive to changes in the discount rate and highly sensitive to changes in the price elasticity of gas demand.

Ger Klaassen; Ivan Matrosov; Alexander Roehrl; Alexander Tarasyev; Arkadii Kryazhimskii

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Author manuscript, published in "ChinaCom2008, Chine (2008)" Energy-Efficient Cooperative Routing in BER Constrained Multihop Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract — Due to the limited energy supplies of nodes, in many applications like wireless sensor networks energy-efficiency is crucial for extending the lifetime of these networks. We study the routing problem for multihop wireless ad hoc networks based on cooperative transmission. The source node wants to transmit messages to a single destination. Other nodes in the network may operate as relay nodes. In this paper, we propose a cooperative multihop routing for the purpose of power savings, constrained on a required bit error rate (BER) at the destination. We derive analytical results for line network topology. It is shown that energy savings of 100 % are achievable in line networks with a large number of nodes for BER = 10 ?4 constraint at the destination. I.

Behrouz Maham; Mérouane Debbah; Are Hjørungnes

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Method and apparatus for routing data in an inter-nodal communications lattice of a massively parallel computer system by dynamic global mapping of contended links  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A massively parallel nodal computer system periodically collects and broadcasts usage data for an internal communications network. A node sending data over the network makes a global routing determination using the network usage data. Preferably, network usage data comprises an N-bit usage value for each output buffer associated with a network link. An optimum routing is determined by summing the N-bit values associated with each link through which a data packet must pass, and comparing the sums associated with different possible routes.

Archer, Charles Jens (Rochester, MN); Musselman, Roy Glenn (Rochester, MN); Peters, Amanda (Rochester, MN); Pinnow, Kurt Walter (Rochester, MN); Swartz, Brent Allen (Chippewa Falls, WI); Wallenfelt, Brian Paul (Eden Prairie, MN)

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

417

Functional requirements of the borrow area and haul route for the Waste Area Grouping projects at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the mission and functional requirements for the development of a borrow area and the associated haul route to support closure and/or remediation of Waste Area Grouping (WAG) 6 and other WAGs at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. This document specifies the basic functional requirements that must be met by the borrow area and haul route developed to produce low-permeability soil for the covers or caps at WAG 6.

Miller, D.G.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

A New Energy Efficient Routing Algorithm Based on a New Cost Function in Wireless Ad hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wireless ad hoc networks are power constrained since nodes operate with limited battery energy. Thus, energy consumption is crucial in the design of new ad hoc routing protocols. In order to maximize the lifetime of ad hoc networks, traffic should be sent via a route that can be avoid nodes with low energy. In addition, considering that the nodes of ad hoc networks are mobile, it is possible that a created path is broken because of nodes mobility and establishment of a new path would be done again. This is because of sending additional control packets, accordingly, energy consumption increases. Also, it should avoid nodes which have more buffered packets. Maybe, because of long queue, some of these packets are dropped and transmitted again. This is the reason for wasting of energy. In this paper we propose a new energy efficient algorithm, that uses a new cost function and avoid nodes with characteristics which mentioned above. We show that this algorithm improves the network energy consumption by using this ...

Lotfi, Mehdi; Shahmirzadi, Majid Asadi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Enhancing I/O Throughput via Efficient Routing and Placement for Large-scale Parallel File Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As storage systems get larger to meet the demands of petascale systems, careful planning must be applied to avoid congestion points and extract the maximum performance. In addition, the large data sets generated by such systems makes it desirable for all compute resources to have common access to this data without needing to copy it to each machine. This paper describes a method of placing I/O close to the storage nodes to minimize contention on Cray s SeaStar2+ network, and extends it to a routed Lustre configuration to gain the same benefits when running against a center-wide file system. Our experiments using half of the resources of Spider the center-wide file system at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility show that I/O write bandwidth can be improved by up to 45% (from 71.9 to 104 GB/s) for a direct-attached configuration and by 137% (47.6 GB/s to 115 GB/s) for a routed configuration. We demonstrated up to 20.7% reduction in run-time for production scientific applications. With the full Spider system, we demonstrated over 240 GB/s of aggregate bandwidth using our techniques.

Dillow, David A [ORNL; Shipman, Galen M [ORNL; Oral, H Sarp [ORNL; Zhang, Zhe [ORNL; Kim, Youngjae [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Status Review of Wildlife Mitigation, Columbia Basin Hydroelectric Projects, Washington Facilities (Intrastate) Final Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report was prepared for BPA in fulfillment of section 1004 (b)(1) of the Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act of 1980, to review the status of past, present, and proposed future wildlife planning and mitigation program at existing hydroelectric projects in the Columbia River Basin. The project evaluations will form the basis for determining any needed remedial measures or additional project analysis. Projects addressed are: Merwin Dam; Swift Project; Yale Project; Cowlitz River; Boundary Dam; Box Canyon Dam; Lake Chelan; Condit Project; Enloe Project; Spokane River; Tumwater and Dryden Dam; Yakima; and Naches Project.

Howerton, Jack

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Results of the radiological survey at Essex Street and State Route 17 (MJ036), Maywood, New Jersey  

SciTech Connect

As a result of the Energy and Water Appropriations Act of Fiscal Year 1984, the property discussed in this report and properties in its vicinity contaminated with residues from the former Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) were included as a decontamination research and development project under the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. As part of this project, DOE is conducting radiological surveys in the vicinity of the site to identify properties contaminated with residues derived from the MCW. The principal radionuclide of concern is thorium-232. The radiological survey discussed in this report is part of that effort and was conducted, at the request of DOE, by members of the Measurement Applications and Development Group of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. A radiological survey of the commercial property at Essex Street and State Route 17, Maywood, New Jersey, was conducted during 1987. 4 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

Foley, R.D.; Crutcher, J.W.; Carrier, R.F.; Floyd, L.M.

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Synthesis and characterization of nano-structured TiB{sub 2} processed by milling assisted SHS route  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TiB{sub 2} was synthesized via milling assisted self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) route using TiO{sub 2}, H{sub 3}BO{sub 3} and Mg powders as starting materials. The milling products were compacted and subjected to a hot filament on their top to initiate SHS. Effects of the milling time and addition of NaCl as a process diluent on the phase composition and morphology of the products were investigated. X-ray diffraction analysis indicated the formation of nano-crystalline TiB{sub 2} with mean crystallite size of 31 nm after acid leaching process at room temperature. Addition of 2 mol of NaCl in the same sample decreases the mean crystallite size to 27 nm. SEM and TEM micrographs showed that the mean particle size of TiB{sub 2} decreased from 200 nm in the un-milled sample to about 50 nm in the 5-hour mechanically activated (MA) sample. - Graphical abstract: High purity nano particles of TiB{sub 2} were achieved after complete elimination of undesirable phases by acid leaching of MA-SHS product at ambient temperature. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Nano-structured pure TiB{sub 2} was synthesized by MA-SHS route. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The mean particle size of TiB{sub 2} phase was 50 nm. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Impurities were eliminated by leaching of the products at ambient temperature.

Nozari, A.; Ataie, A., E-mail: aataie@ut.ac.ir; Heshmati-Manesh, S.

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

423

Power efficiency of wavelength-routed optical NoC topologies for global connectivity of 3D multi-core processors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is still a significant gap between the optical network-on-chip (NoC) concept and a mature interconnect technology with practical relevance. Current research aims at bridging this gap by evolving basic optical components and by developing ad-hoc ... Keywords: optical networks-on-chip, wavelength-routed optical nocs

Luca Ramini; Davide Bertozzi

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

QoS-RRC: an overprovisioning-centric and load balance-aided solution for future internet QoS-oriented routing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The concepts and designs of 4WARD project for the Future Internet involve a clean-slate architecture with various networking innovations, including a new connectivity paradigm called Generic Path (GP). In GP architecture, several facilities are designed ... Keywords: Future internet, Multimedia, Over-provisioning, QoE, QoS routing

Augusto Neto; Leandro Freitas; Eduardo Cerqueira; Rui Aguiar; Danielo Gomes

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

vehicle routing problem (VRP) analyzed in this paper is neither dynamic nor stochastic since all the information related to the cus-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

numbers of customers, demands, and locations. This modeling environment can be used in transport of customers served and the number of routes needed. Approximations are tested in instances with different customer spatial distributions, demand levels, numbers of customers, and time windows. Regression results

Bertini, Robert L.

426

Zinc and Health: Current Status and Future Directions Zinc Transport in the Brain: Routes of Zinc Influx and Efflux in Neurons1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Zinc and Health: Current Status and Future Directions Zinc Transport in the Brain: Routes of Zinc and that mediate extracellular zinc toxicity and (3) a plasma membrane transporter potentially present in all of mechanism, is the transporter pathway. The kinetics of zinc uptake in cultured neurons under resting

427

Route-Specific Passage Proportions and Survival Rates for Fish Passing through John Day Dam, The Dalles Dam, and Bonneville Dam in 2010 and 2011  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report fulfills a request of the U.S. Army Engineer District, Portland, Oregon, to produce an interim report of estimates of route-specific fish passage proportions and survival rates for lower Columbia River dams in 2010 and 2011. The estimates are needed to update the Compass Model for the Columbia River Treaty and the new Biological Opinion before detail technical reports are published in late 2012. This report tabulates route-specific fish-passage proportions and survival rates for steelhead and Chinook salmon smolts passing through various sampled routes at John Day Dam, The Dalles Dam, and Bonneville Dam in 2010 and 2011. Results were compiled from analyses of data acquired in spring 2010 and 2011 studies that were specifically designed to estimate dam-passage and forebay-to-tailrace survival rates, travel time metrics, and spill passage efficiency, as stipulated by the 2008 Federal Columbia River Power System Biological Opinion and the Columbia Basin Fish Accords. The study designs allowed for estimation of route-specific fish passage proportions and survival rates as well as estimation of forebay-passage survival, all of which are summarized herein.

Ploskey, Gene R.; Weiland, Mark A.; Carlson, Thomas J.

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

428

Synthesis of high intrinsic loss power aqueous ferrofluids of iron oxide nanoparticles by citric acid-assisted hydrothermal-reduction route  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monodispersed aqueous ferrofluids of iron oxide nanoparticle were synthesized by hydrothermal-reduction route. They were characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning and transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering. The results showed that certain concentrations of citric acid (CA) are required to obtain only magnetic iron oxides with mean particle sizes around 8 nm. CA acts as a modulator and reducing agent in iron oxide formation which controls nanoparticle size. The XRD, magnetic and heating measurements showed that the temperature and time of hydrothermal reaction can affect the magnetic properties of obtained ferrofluids. The synthesized ferrofluids were stable at pH 7. Their mean hydrodynamic size was around 80 nm with polydispersity index (PDI) of 0.158. The calculated intrinsic loss power (ILP) was 9.4 nHm{sup 2}/kg. So this clean and cheap route is an efficient way to synthesize high ILP aqueous ferrofluids applicable in magnetic hyperthermia. - Graphical abstract: Monodispersed aqueous ferrofluids of iron oxide nanoparticles were synthesized by hydrothermal-reduction method with citric acid as reductant which is an efficient way to synthesize aqueous ferrofluids applicable in magnetic hyperthermia. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Aqueous iron oxide ferrofluids were synthesized by hydrothermal-reduction route. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Citric acid acted as reducing agent and surfactant in the route. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This is a facile, low energy and environmental friendly route. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The aqueous iron oxide ferrofluids were monodispersed and stable at pH of 7. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The calculated intrinsic loss power of the synthesized ferrofluids was very high.

Behdadfar, Behshid, E-mail: bbehdadfar@ma.iut.ac.ir [Department of Materials Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Kermanpur, Ahmad [Department of Materials Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Sadeghi-Aliabadi, Hojjat [School of Pharmacy, Isfahan Pharmaceutical Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Morales, Maria del Puerto [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, CSIC, Cantoblanco 28049, Madrid (Spain); Mozaffari, Morteza [Department of Physics, Razi University, Kermanshah (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

429

Effect of personal and situational variables on noise annoyance: With special reference to implications for en route noise. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Over 680 publications from 282 social surveys of residents' reactions to environmental noise have been examined to locate 495 published findings on 26 topics concerning non-noise explanations for residents' reactions to environmental noise. This report (1) tabulates the evidence on the 26 response topics, (2) identifies the 495 findings, and (3) discusses the implications for en route noise assessment. After controlling for noise level, over half of the social survey evidence indicates that noise annoyance is not strongly affected by any of the nine demographic variables examined (age, sex, social status, income, education, homeownership, type of dwelling, length of residence, or receipt of benefits from the noise source), but is positively associated with each of the five attitudinal variables examined (a fear of danger from the noise source, a sensitivity towards noise generally, the belief that the authorities can control the noise, the awareness of non-noise impacts of the source, and the belief that the noise source is not important).

Not Available

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Comparison of operational energy intensities and consumption of pipelines versus coastal tankers: US Gulf coast to northeast coast routes  

SciTech Connect

This report is a comparative analysis of operational energy intensities and consumption for pipeline shipments versus coastal tanker and tanker-barge movements of light petroleum products from the US Gulf Coast to US East Coast Mid-Atlantic states. It has been prepared for the Office of Transportation Programs of the US Department of Energy (DOE) as part of a project designed to develop energy conservation strategies in the areas of modal shifts and energy materials transport. It also answers an expressed interest of DOE's Office of Competition as to whether energy penalties are being paid in this region by the shipment of this oil by tanker rather than pipeline. Detailed estimates are made of the 1977 energy intensities (EIs) for tankers and the two major pipelines serving these routes; these are the Colonial pipeline (from Houston) and the Plantation pipeline (from Baton Rouge). Estimates of potential operational energy savings gained from diverting these shipments from tankers to pipelines are figured from these EIs plus 1977 tanker short-ton volumes for these products. Also estimated for these diversions are additional savings of petroleum available through shifts from the fuel oil used to power tankers, to the other energy sources used by pipelines (e.g., coal, which is burned by the utilities serving them). Table 1 indicates that these tanker volumes have been large and steady as a whole; however, individual origin ports have had substantial variations since the 1973 Arab oil embargo. Indirect energy requirements of the two modes are not included in this analysis because the methodology for calculating them is still an unresolved research area (e.g., diagreements exist as to how much supporting-infrastructure energy usage should be included for a mode).

Hooker, J.; Rose, A.B.; Bertram, K.M.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Do teachers differ by certification route? novice teachers' sense of self-efficacy, commitment to teaching, and preparedness to teach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alternative teacher certification (ATC) programs are one method created to help alleviate teacher shortages (Cox, Matthews, & Assoc, 2001; Hallinan & Khmelkov, 2001). While much debate has arisen over ATC programs, very few have empirically examined their impact on the teaching pool (Darling-Hammond, Berry, & Thoreson, 2001; Darling-Hammond, Chung, & Frelow, 2002; Goldhaber, 2000; Ingersoll, 1999; Shen, 1997, 1999). The present study was designed to explore differences by certification type and program characteristics based on novice teachers' demographics, educational attainment, sense of self-efficacy, and sense of preparedness to enter the classroom. Results from the present study suggest ATC programs are somewhat diversifying the teaching population by bringing in more minorities and science majors, but do not appear to be bringing in more experienced scientists and mathematicians nor do they appear to be alleviating the teacher shortage. In this sample, traditionally certified teachers felt better prepared than ATC teachers with the biggest differences on Promoting Student Learning. Regardless of certification route, prior classroom experience was a strong predictor of Overall Preparedness and a teacher's perception of his or her ability to be an effective teacher. For ATC teachers, a positive mentoring experience was a strong predictor of Overall Preparedness. The discussion of whether or not ATC programs should exist should now be replaced with a discussion of how to ensure that these programs produce better teachers and improve student learning. The underlying theme from the present study was that, in order to feel prepared and have high self-efficacy, novice teachers needed instruction in the majority of the components identified by research and by the National Commission on Teaching and America's Future (1996), including positive mentoring experiences, field based experiences, and curriculum based on child development, learning theory, cognition, motivation, and subject matter pedagogy. Results from the present study support the assertion that teacher preparation programs, program components, mentoring experiences, and field-based experiences do impact teacher effectiveness in the classroom.

Zientek, Linda Reichwein

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

PNNI Routing Interoperability Tests)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The individual tests are written in TCL. There is a one for one correspondence between the tests in TCL and the tests described ...

433

Route Type Determination Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

According to the 2009 National Household Travel Survey 44.4 percent of all miles travelled by Americans in 2009 (including airplanes, trains, boats, golf carts, subways, bikes, etc.) were travelled in cars. If vans, SUV's and pickup trucks are included, that level increases to 86 percent. We do a lot of travelling on the road in personal vehicles - it's important to be able to understand how we get there and how to rate the fuel economy of our trips. An essential part of this is knowing how to decide if a trip is a city or highway trip.

Brett Stone

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Controllable synthesis and growth mechanism of {alpha}-Co(OH){sub 2} nanorods and nanoplates by a facile solution-phase route  

SciTech Connect

A facile chemical precipitation route has been developed to control synthesis of {alpha}-cobalt hydroxide nanostructures with rod-like and plate-like morphologies. The {alpha}-Co(OH){sub 2} nanorods were achieved in large quantity when the experiments were carried out in the presence of a suitable shape-controlling reagent polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP), while the {alpha}-Co(OH){sub 2} nanoplates were obtained when the experiments were conducted in the absence of PVP, whilst keeping other experimental conditions constant. The chemical composition and morphologies of the as-prepared {alpha}-Co(OH){sub 2} nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The effect of polymer PVP on the morphologies of {alpha}-Co(OH){sub 2} nanoparticles were discussed in detail. The results indicated that PVP played a key role for the formation of {alpha}-Co(OH){sub 2} nanorods. The growth mechanism of the as-synthesized nanorods and nanoplates were discussed in detail based on the experimental results. A possible growth mechanism has been proposed to illustrate the growth of {alpha}-Co(OH){sub 2} nanorods. - Graphical abstract: A facile solution-phase route has been developed to synthesize {alpha}-Co(OH){sub 2} nanorods and nanoplates. The possible growth mechanism of nanorods and nanoplates was proposed. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A facile controllable route was described for {alpha}-Co(OH){sub 2} nanowires and nanoplates. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The {alpha}-Co(OH){sub 2} nanowires were achieved in the presence of shape controller PVP. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The {alpha}-Co(OH){sub 2} nanoplates were obtained in the absence of shape controller PVP. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The shape controller PVP played a key role in the formation of {alpha}-Co(OH){sub 2} nanowires.

Wang Wenzhong, E-mail: wzhwang@aphy.iphy.ac.cn [School of Science, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081 (China); Feng Kai; Wang Zhi; Ma Yunyan; Zhang Suyun; Liang Yujie [School of Science, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081 (China)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

435

A new continuous two-step molecular precursor route to rare-earth oxysulfides Ln{sub 2}O{sub 2}S  

SciTech Connect

A continuous two-step molecular precursor pathway is designed for the preparation of rare-earth oxysulfides Ln{sub 2}O{sub 2}S (Ln=Y, La, Pr, Nd, Sm-Lu). This new route involves a first oxidation step leading to the rare-earth oxysulfate Ln{sub 2}O{sub 2}SO{sub 4} which is subsequently reduced to the rare-earth oxysulfide Ln{sub 2}O{sub 2}S by switching to a H{sub 2}-Ar atmosphere. The whole process occurs at a temperature significantly lower than usual solid state synthesis (T{<=}650 Degree-Sign C) and avoids the use of dangerous sulfur-based gases, providing a convenient route to the synthesis of the entire series of Ln{sub 2}O{sub 2}S. The molecular precursors consist in heteroleptic dithiocarbamate complexes [Ln(Et{sub 2}dtc){sub 3}(phen)] and [Ln(Et{sub 2}dtc){sub 3}(bipy)] (Et{sub 2}dtc=N,N-diethyldithiocarbamate; phen=1,10-phenanthroline; bipy=2,2 Prime -bipyridine) and were synthesized by a new high yield and high purity synthesis route. The nature of the molecular precursor determines the minimum synthesis temperature and influences therefore the purity of the final Ln{sub 2}O{sub 2}S crystalline phase. - Graphical abstract: A continuous two-step molecular precursor pathway was designed for the preparation of rare-earth oxysulfides Ln{sub 2}O{sub 2}S (Ln=Y, La, Pr, Nd, Sm-Lu), starting from heteroleptic dithiocarbamate complexes. The influence of the nature of the molecular precursor on the minimum synthesis temperature and on the purity of the final Ln{sub 2}O{sub 2}S crystalline phase is discussed. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A new high yield and high purity synthesis route of rare earth dithiocarbamates is described. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer These compounds are used as precursors in a continuous process leading to rare-earth oxysulfides. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The oxysulfides are obtained under much more moderate conditions than previously described.

De Crom, N. [Institute of Condensed Matter and Nanosciences/MOST, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Place Louis Pasteur, 1, L4.01.03, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium); Devillers, M., E-mail: michel.devillers@uclouvain.be [Institute of Condensed Matter and Nanosciences/MOST, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Place Louis Pasteur, 1, L4.01.03, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

436

Hydrogen & Fuel Cells | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Substation Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Substation Construction Projects (Wisconsin) This page describes application requirements for all projects that involve the installation of an electricity transmission line or substation that also require either a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity (CPCN) or a Certificate of Authority (CA). Applications must include a discussion of general route impacts, distances to sensitive buildings, impacts on residences and commercial and industrial buildings, and impacts on public and tribal lands. October 16, 2013 Antidegredation Implementation Methods (Mississippi) This environmental regulation is an addition to the Water Quality Criteria for Intrastate, Interstate, and Coastal Water regulations. It separates

437

Eliminating livelock by assigning the same priority state to each message that is inputted into a flushable routing system during N time intervals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Livelock-free message routing is provided in a network of interconnected nodes that is flushable in time T. An input message processor generates sequences of at least N time intervals, each of duration T. An input register provides for receiving and holding each input message, where the message is assigned a priority state p during an nth one of the N time intervals. At each of the network nodes a message processor reads the assigned priority state and awards priority to messages with priority state (p-1) during an nth time interval and to messages with priority state p during an (n+1) th time interval. The messages that are awarded priority are output on an output path toward the addressed output message processor. Thus, no message remains in the network for a time longer than T.

Faber, Vance (Los Alamos, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

CO2 Capture from Coal-Fired Utility Generation Plant Exhausts and Sequestration by a Biomimetic Route Based on Enzymatic Catalysts-Current Status  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

from Coal-Fired Utility Generation Plant Exhausts, and from Coal-Fired Utility Generation Plant Exhausts, and Sequestration by a Biomimetic Route Based on Enzymatic Catalysis - Current Status Gillian M. Bond (gbond@nmt.edu; 505-835-5653) Margaret-Gail Medina (magail@nmt.edu; 505-835-5229) New Mexico Tech 801 Leroy Socorro, NM 87801 John Stringer (jstringe@epri.com; 650-855-2472) Electric Power Research Institute 3412 Hillview Avenue Palo Alto, CA 94304 F. Arzum Simsek-Ege (fatma.a.simsek-egel@intel.com; 505-893-8694) Intel Corporation Albuquerque, New Mexico Introduction A range of carbon management strategies will have to be implemented if meaningful reductions in CO 2 emissions are to be achieved in response to concerns about global climate change. It is becoming increasingly clear that some form or forms of carbon

439

Eliminating livelock by assigning the same priority state to each message that is input into a flushable routing system during N time intervals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Livelock-free message routing is provided in a network of interconnected nodes that is flushable in time T. An input message processor generates sequences of at least N time intervals, each of duration T. An input register provides for receiving and holding each input message, where the message is assigned a priority state p during an nth one of the N time intervals. At each of the network nodes a message processor reads the assigned priority state and awards priority to messages with priority state (p-1) during an nth time interval and to messages with priority state p during an (n+1) th time interval. The messages that are awarded priority are output on an output path toward the addressed output message processor. Thus, no message remains in the network for a time longer than T. 4 figures.

Faber, V.

1994-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

440

Submicrometer superconducting YBa sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub 6+x particles made by a low-temperature synthetic route  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evidence suggests that superconducting, orthorhombic YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} (x{ge}0.5) is always produced by oxidation of the oxygen-deficient, tetragonal form (x{le}0.5) of this phase (commonly referred to as 123). A synthetic route whereby solution-derived, carbon-free precursors are decomposed at 650{degrees} to 700{degrees}C in inert atmosphere to yield tetragonal 123 is now available. Appropriate precursors include hydrated oxides derived from the hydrolysis of organometallic solutions and aqueous solution-derived hyponitrites. Subsequent oxidation of the tetragonal phase at 400{degrees}C results in submicrometer particles of orthorhombic 123. Superconductivity ({Tc} onset {approx}87 K) has been confirmed in these materials by both Meissner effect and specific-heat measurements.

Horowitz, H.S.; McLain, S.J.; Sleight, A.W.; Druliner, J.D.; Gai, P.L.; VanKavelaar, M.J. (E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, Wilmington, DE (USA)); Wagner, J.L.; Biggs, B.D.; Poon, S.J. (Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville (USA))

1989-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

A general solution-chemistry route to the synthesis LiMPO{sub 4} (M=Mn, Fe, and Co) nanocrystals with [010] orientation for lithium ion batteries  

SciTech Connect

A general and efficient solvothermal strategy has been developed for the preparation of lithium transition metal phosphate microstructures (LiMnPO{sub 4}, LiFePO{sub 4}, and LiCoPO{sub 4}), employing ethanol as the solvent, LiI as the Li source, metal salts as the M sources, H{sub 3}PO{sub 4} as the phosphorus source, and poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) as the carbon source and template. This route features low cost, environmental benign, and one-step process for the cathode material production of Li-ion batteries without any complicated experimental setups and sophisticated operations. The as-synthesized LiMPO{sub 4} microstructures exhibit unique, well-shaped and favorable structures, which are self-assembled from microplates or microrods. The b axis is the preferred crystal growth orientation of the products, resulting in a shorter lithium ion diffusion path. The LiFePO{sub 4} microstructures show an excellent cycling stability without capacity fading up to 50 cycles when they are used as a cathode material in lithium-ion batteries. - Graphical abstract: A general and efficient solvothermal strategy has been developed for the preparation of lithium transition metal phosphate microstructures under solvothermal conditions in the presence of PVP. Highlights: > A general and efficient solvothermal strategy has been developed for the preparation of LiMPO{sub 4} microstructures. > This route features low cost, environmental benign, and one-step process. > The LiMPO{sub 4} microstructures exhibit unique, well-shaped, and favorable structures. > The LiFePO{sub 4} microstructures show an excellent cycling stability up to 50 cycles as a cathode material of lithium-ion batteries.

Su Jing [Key Laboratory of Cluster Science, Ministry of Education of China, Department of Chemistry, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China); Wei Bingqing; Rong Jiepeng [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States); Yin Wenyan; Ye Zhixia; Tian Xianqing; Ren Ling [Key Laboratory of Cluster Science, Ministry of Education of China, Department of Chemistry, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China); Cao Minhua, E-mail: caomh@bit.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Cluster Science, Ministry of Education of China, Department of Chemistry, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China); Hu Changwen [Key Laboratory of Cluster Science, Ministry of Education of China, Department of Chemistry, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

442

Developing health-based pre-planning clearance goals for airport remediation following a chemical terrorist attack: Decision criteria for multipathway exposure routes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the event of a chemical terrorist attack on a transportation hub, post-event remediation and restoration activities necessary to attain unrestricted facility re-use and re-entry could require hours to multiple days. While timeframes are dependent on numerous variables, a primary controlling factor is the level of pre-planning and decision-making completed prior to chemical release. What follows is the second of a two-part analysis identifying key considerations, critical information and decision criteria to facilitate post-attack and post-decontamination consequence management activities. Decision criteria analysis presented here provides first-time, open-literature documentation of multi-pathway, health-based remediation exposure guidelines for selected toxic industrial compounds, chemical warfare agents, and agent degradation products for pre-planning application in anticipation of a chemical terrorist attack. Guideline values are provided for inhalation and direct ocular vapor exposure routes as well as percutaneous vapor, surface contact, and ingestion. Target populations include various employees as well as transit passengers. This work has been performed as a national case study conducted in partnership with the Los Angeles International Airport and The Bradley International Terminal. All recommended guidelines have been selected for consistency with airport scenario release parameters of a one-time, short-duration, finite airborne release from a single source followed by compound-specific decontamination.

Watson, Annetta Paule [ORNL; Dolislager, Frederick [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Hall, Dr. Linda [ENVIRON International Corporation; Hauschild, Veronique [U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine; Raber, Ellen [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Love, Dr. Adam [Johnson Wright, Inc.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

A nitrilo-tri-acetic-acid/acetic acid route for the deposition of epitaxial cerium oxide films as high temperature superconductor buffer layers  

SciTech Connect

A water based cerium oxide precursor solution using nitrilo-tri-acetic-acid (NTA) and acetic acid as complexing agents is described in detail. This precursor solution is used for the deposition of epitaxial CeO{sub 2} layers on Ni-5at%W substrates by dip-coating. The influence of the complexation behavior on the formation of transparent, homogeneous solutions and gels has been studied. It is found that ethylenediamine plays an important role in the gelification. The growth conditions for cerium oxide films were Ar-5% gas processing atmosphere, a solution concentration level of 0.25 M, a dwell time of 60 min at 900 {sup o}C and 5-30 min at 1050 {sup o}C. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), pole figures and spectroscopic ellipsometry were used to characterize the CeO{sub 2} films with different thicknesses. Attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) was used to determine the carbon residue level in the surface of the cerium oxide film, which was found to be lower than 0.01%. Textured films with a thickness of 50 nm were obtained. - Graphical abstract: Study of the complexation and hydrolysis behavior of Ce{sup 4+} ions in the presence of nitrilo-tri-acetic acid and the subsequent development of an aqueous chemical solution deposition route suited for the processing of textured CeO{sub 2} buffer layers on Ni-W tapes.

Thuy, T.T.; Lommens, P.; Narayanan, V.; Van de Velde, N.; De Buysser, K.; Herman, G.G.; Cloet, V. [Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281 - S3, 9000 Gent (Belgium); Van Driessche, I., E-mail: Isabel.Vandriessche@UGent.b [Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281 - S3, 9000 Gent (Belgium)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

444

Route d’Arcachon, 33612,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Each week, progress is made in sequencing the genomes of species ranging from bacteria to humans. The genetic sequences of plant species such as Arabidopsis and rice have already been

Christophe Plomion; Janice Cooke; Tom Richardson; John Mackay; Gerald Tuskan; Cestas Cédex France

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Cooperative routing in wireless networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we study the problem of energy efficiency and reliability in wireless ad-hoc networks. First, we introduce the idea of wireless cooperation advantage. We formulate the problem of finding the minimum energy ...

Khandani, Amir E. (Amir Ehsan), 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Jeff Larkey: Route One Farms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Merrill, and this whole alternative energy program startedsprung up to do alternative energy Jeff Larkey installationsas well as the alternative energy program. I actually became

Farmer, Ellen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Jeff Larkey: Route One Farms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

my farm, no. Most of my compost is imported. I get it mostlyThere’s manure in the compost, as well as green wastereally super-good quality compost companies. That’s why I’m

Farmer, Ellen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

6Bone Backbone Routing Guidelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 6Bone is an Ipv6 testbed to assist in the evolution and deployment of IPv6. Because of this, it is important that the core backbone of the IPv6 network maintain stability, and that all operators have a common set of rules and guidelines by which ...

R. Rockell; R. Fink

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Manufacturing Routes for Metallic Foams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although an analysis by energy-dispersive x-ray analysis (EDX) yielded a ... well as general information on foams.20 There are two questions to be discussed in ... Beside some niche-market applications there is no real industrial application of ...

450

The Modern Energy Savings Route  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In most operations, cooling towers are not purposely overlooked by Plant Personnel. However, the lack of knowledge about their importance prevents energy managers from making intelligent, informed decisions. This paper will compare the various types of cooling towers in use. Their operational and energy usage considerations will be discussed with old and new techniques explained. Cooling towers represent the last link to the ultimate heat sink of the atmosphere. Their importance must be recognized in any viable energy management program.

Smith, M.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Jeff Larkey: Route One Farms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Bay Area. And then Coke Farms, who brokers my produce—talking about marketing. You said Coke Farms has a cooler.Larkey: Coke Farms has a cooler, and they not only broker,

Farmer, Ellen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Minimally Invasive Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Guided Free-Hand Aspiration of Symptomatic Nerve Route Compressing Lumbosacral Cysts Using a 1.0-Tesla Open Magnetic Resonance Imaging System  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate the feasibility of minimally invasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided free-hand aspiration of symptomatic nerve route compressing lumbosacral cysts in a 1.0-Tesla (T) open MRI system using a tailored interactive sequence. Materials and Methods: Eleven patients with MRI-evident symptomatic cysts in the lumbosacral region and possible nerve route compressing character were referred to a 1.0-T open MRI system. For MRI interventional cyst aspiration, an interactive sequence was used, allowing for near real-time position validation of the needle in any desired three-dimensional plane. Results: Seven of 11 cysts in the lumbosacral region were successfully aspirated (average 10.1 mm [SD {+-} 1.9]). After successful cyst aspiration, each patient reported speedy relief of initial symptoms. Average cyst size was 9.6 mm ({+-}2.6 mm). Four cysts (8.8 {+-} 3.8 mm) could not be aspirated. Conclusion: Open MRI systems with tailored interactive sequences have great potential for cyst aspiration in the lumbosacral region. The authors perceive major advantages of the MR-guided cyst aspiration in its minimally invasive character compared to direct and open surgical options along with consecutive less trauma, less stress, and also less side-effects for the patient.

Bucourt, Maximilian de, E-mail: mdb@charite.de; Streitparth, Florian, E-mail: florian.streitparth@charite.de; Collettini, Federico [Charite-University Medicine, Department of Radiology (Germany); Guettler, Felix [Jena University, Department of Radiology (Germany); Rathke, Hendrik; Lorenz, Britta; Rump, Jens; Hamm, Bernd [Charite-University Medicine, Department of Radiology (Germany); Teichgraeber, U. K. [Jena University, Department of Radiology (Germany)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

453

002alrpt  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TRANSPORTATION SAFEGUARDS TRANSPORTATION SAFEGUARDS DIVISION COURIER WORK SCHEDULES AND ESCORT VEHICLE REPLACEMENTS U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OFFICE OF AUDIT SERVICES DECEMBER 1998 WR-B-99-01 December 4, 1998 MEMORANDUM FOR THE MANAGER, ALBUQUERQUE OPERATIONS OFFICE FROM: Lawrence R. Ackerly Regional Manager, Western Regional Audit Office Office of Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION : Audit Report on "Transportation Safeguards Division Courier Work Schedules and Escort Vehicle Replacements" BACKGROUND The Office of Inspector General's (OIG) April 1995 report, Audit of Transportation Safeguards Division Couriers' Work Schedules, found that couriers received too much overtime and incurred too much

454

Exchange Visitors Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program Facility Operations Food Services Graphics Mail and Distribution Parking and Garage Photography Printing Recycling Safety and Health Shuttle Bus and Couriers Supply...

455

Shipping and Receiving | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program Facility Operations Food Services Graphics Mail and Distribution Parking and Garage Photography Printing Recycling Safety and Health Shuttle Bus and Couriers Supply...

456

Employee Services | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program Facility Operations Food Services Graphics Mail and Distribution Parking and Garage Photography Printing Recycling Safety and Health Shuttle Bus and Couriers Supply...

457

Mail and Distribution | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program Facility Operations Food Services Graphics Mail and Distribution Parking and Garage Photography Printing Recycling Safety and Health Shuttle Bus and Couriers Supply...

458

Graphics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Operations Food Services Graphics DOE Logo and Seal Mail and Distribution Parking and Garage Photography Printing Recycling Safety and Health Shuttle Bus and Couriers Supply...

459

“If Men Should Fight”: Dueling as Sectional Politics, 1850 – 1856  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PA) Chicago Daily Tribune (Chicago, IL) New Albany WeeklyLedger ( New Albany, IN) Wabash Courier (Terre Haute, IN)Advertiser (New York, NY) Albany Evening Journal (Albany,

Powers, Annie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Laboratory Shuttle Bus Routes: Instructions for Riders  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Instructions for Riders Instructions for Riders Shuttle stops are marked with this sign: Bus sign image Tips for riders: When you see a shuttle bus approaching WAVE AT THE DRIVER so the driver knows you want to board the bus For safety reasons, shuttle bus drivers can only pick-up and drop-off passengers at designated stops. Shuttle services are for Berkeley Lab employee and guest use only. All riders are required to show ID when boarding off-site buses. Acceptable ID's are: LBNL badge, UC Berkeley student and faculty ID badge, DOE badge, or UCOP badge. Guests are required to present a visitor bus pass, email, or permission from Lab host, written on official letterhead. See Site Access for more information. As you board, tell the driver the building number of your destination. The driver will be able to assist you with directions.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Sediment Routing in Channels Draining Disturbed Lands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1990), it may be possible to categorize armored andnot armored surfaces based on vlsual Inspectlon. Calculated

Dietrich, William E

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Nanomechanical Resonance Spectroscopy: A Novel Route to ...  

for a range of applications, from chemical sensing for ... and kinetic contributions to the vibrational energy of each mode. Nano Lett., Vol. 8, No. 9, 2008 2649.

463

River Network Routing on the NHDPlus Dataset  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mapped rivers and streams of the contiguous United States are available in a geographic information system (GIS) dataset called National Hydrography Dataset Plus (NHDPlus). This hydrographic dataset has about 3 million river and water body ...

Cédric H. David; David R. Maidment; Guo-Yue Niu; Zong-Liang Yang; Florence Habets; Victor Eijkhout

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Routing Statistics for Unqueued Banyan Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Banyan networks comprise a large class of networks that have been used for interconnection in large-scale multiprocessors and telephone switching systems. Regular variants of Banyan networks, such as delta and butterfly ...

Knight, Thomas F., Jr.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

MIRPLib: A Maritime Inventory Routing Problem Library  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

additional vessels can also be chartered on the spot market. A path-flow ...... On the other hand, if regional information is not specified in the problem, one can create an .... For a more detailed analysis of the tradeoff between speed ...... In Energy, Natural Resources and Environmental Economics, pages 427–439. Springer ...

466

Task Routing for Prediction Tasks Haoqi Zhang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Harvard SEAS Microsoft Research Cambridge, MA 02138, USA Redmond, WA 98052, USA {hq, yiling, parkes. INTRODUCTION Organizations rely on a mix of expertise and on means for identifying and harnessing expertise effectively is crucial for the success of an organization. Accomplishing a task may require the expertise

Chen, Yiling

467

Laboratory Shuttle Bus Routes: Instructions for Bicyclists  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Instructions for Bicyclists Instructions for Bicyclists Front bike rack image Rear bike rack image Front bike rack Rear bike rack Bicyclists are required to wear helmets while riding at the Berkeley Lab. LBNL buses are equipped with bicycle racks in the front and rear of the bus. Use bicycle rack at your own risk. Berkeley Lab does not assume liability for damage to your bicycle. If you experience difficulties, or notice the bicycle rack is not working properly, please notify the bus operator and/or contact the bus supervisor at 486-4165 or email busservices@lbl.gov and/or post your comments with specific information on the Operations Suggestion box. Loading a bicycle on the bus: Prepare your bicycle for loading by: removing water bottles, pumps and other loose items that could fall off while the bus is in motion.

468

SPECIALREPORT95-17 Northern Sea Route  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Devinder S. Sodhi June 1995 #12;Abstract Since the advent of steam power, icebreakers have been built Prepared for U.S. ARMY ENGINEER DISTRICT, ALASKA Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. US

469

Vehicle routing and staffing for sedan service  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

response to single a new input, this yields a system in which the car service ... throughout the scheduling day (continual), and on demand with 15-second.

470

Low temperature route to uranium nitride  

SciTech Connect

A method of preparing an actinide nitride fuel for nuclear reactors is provided. The method comprises the steps of a) providing at least one actinide oxide and optionally zirconium oxide; b) mixing the oxide with a source of hydrogen fluoride for a period of time and at a temperature sufficient to convert the oxide to a fluoride salt; c) heating the fluoride salt to remove water; d) heating the fluoride salt in a nitrogen atmosphere for a period of time and at a temperature sufficient to convert the fluorides to nitrides; and e) heating the nitrides under vacuum and/or inert atmosphere for a period of time sufficient to convert the nitrides to mononitrides.

Burrell, Anthony K. (Los Alamos, NM); Sattelberger, Alfred P. (Darien, IL); Yeamans, Charles (Berkeley, CA); Hartmann, Thomas (Idaho Falls, ID); Silva, G. W. Chinthaka (Las Vegas, NV); Cerefice, Gary (Henderson, NV); Czerwinski, Kenneth R. (Henderson, NV)

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Routing in heterogeneous wireless ad hoc networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wireless ad hoc networks are used in several applications ranging from infrastructure monitoring to providing Internet connectivity to remote locations. A common assumption about these networks is that the devices that ...

Cheekiralla, Sivaram M. S. L., 1980-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

African Climate Change: Taking the Shorter Route  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerous factors are associated with poverty and underdevelopment in Africa, including climate variability. Rainfall, and climate more generally, are implicated directly in the United Nations “Millennium Development Goals” to eradicate extreme ...

Richard Washington; Gillian Kay; Mike Harrison; Declan Conway; Emily Black; Andrew Challinor; David Grimes; Richard Jones; Andy Morse; Martin Todd

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Adaptive learning of semantic locations and routes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Adaptation of devices and applications based on contextual information has a great potential to enhance usability and mitigate the increasing complexity of mobile devices. An important topic in context-aware computing is to learn semantic locations and ...

Keshu Zhang; Haifeng Li; Kari Torkkola; Mike Gardner

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Transportation Routing Analysis...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

model can be used to complete the technoeconomic analysis of hydrogen delivery for the DOE Hydrogen Program by analyzing the highway transportation network to determine locations...

475

Adaptive learning of semantic locations and routes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Adaptation of devices and applications based on contextual information has a great potential to enhance usability and mitigate the increasing complexity of mobile devices. An important topic in context-aware computing is to learn semantic locations and ...

Keshu Zhang; Haifeng Li; Kari Torkkola; Mike Gardner

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Route profile analysis system and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for recording terrain profile information is disclosed. The system accurately senses incremental distances traveled by a vehicle along with vehicle inclination, recording both with elapsed time. The incremental distances can subsequently be differentiated with respect to time to obtain acceleration. The computer acceleration can then be used to correct the sensed inclination.

Mullenhoff, D.J.; Wilson, S.W.

1982-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

477

Ice Fall Doctors 5, Changing Route  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Base Camp. The recordings span a wide variety of topics from making and drinking chang to the work of Mount Everest's 'ice fall doctors'....

Loomis, Molly

478

Scalable Routes to Efficient Thermoelectric Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of this technology was for SnS 2 and SnSe 2 thin filmcoating [28]. There, 2mmol SnS 2 and 2mmol S was reacted indecomposed at 200°C to recover SnS 2 (and the decomposition

Feser, Joseph Patrick

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Large Neighborhood Search for LNG Inventory Routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural gas is expected to be the world's fastest growing fossil fuel with consumption increas- ing at an average rate of 1.6% per year from 2008 to 2035 [

480

Scalable Routes to Efficient Thermoelectric Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

extinction coefficient of CdTe, CdSe, and CdS nanocrystals,"contraction in free-standing CdSe nanocrystals," Appliedof manganese- doped CdSe nanocrystals," Journal of the

Feser, Joseph Patrick

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intrastate courier routes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

An economical route to high quality lubricants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current rends in the automotive and industrial markets toward more efficient engines, longer drain intervals, and lower emissions all contribute to placing increasingly stringent performance requirements on lubricants. The demand for higher quality synthetic and non-conventional basestocks is expected to grow at a much faster rate than that of conventional lube basestocks to meet these higher performance standards. Yukong Limited has developed a novel technology (the Yukong UCO Lube Process) for the economic production of high quality, high-viscosity-index lube basestocks from a fuels hydrocracker unconverted oil stream. A pilot plant based on this process has been producing oils for testing purposes since May 1994. A commercial facility designed to produce 3,500 BPD of VHVI lube basestocks cane on-stream at Yukong`s Ulsan refinery in October 1995. The Badger Technology Center of Raytheon Engineers and Constructors assisted Yukong during the development of the technology and prepared the basic process design package for the commercial facility. This paper presents process aspects of the technology and comparative data on investment and operating costs. Yukong lube basestock product properties and performance data are compared to basestocks produced by conventional means and by lube hydrocracking.

Andre, J.P. [Raytheon Engineers and Constructors, Inc., Cambridge, MA (United States); Hahn, S.K.; Kwon, S.H.; Min, W.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Route to direct multiphoton multiple ionization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address the concept of direct multiphoton multiple ionization in atoms exposed to intense, short-wavelength radiation and explore the conditions under which such processes dominate over the sequential. Their contribution is shown to be quite robust, even under intensity fluctuations and interaction volume integration, and reasonable agreement with experimental data is also found.

Lambropoulos, P. [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, FORTH, P.O. Box 1527, GR-71110 Heraklion (Greece); Department of Physics, University of Crete, P.O. Box 2208, GR-71003 Heraklion, Crete (Greece); Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Nikolopoulos, G. M. [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, FORTH, P.O. Box 1527, GR-71110 Heraklion (Greece); Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Papamihail, K. G. [Department of Physics, University of Crete, P.O. Box 2208, GR-71003 Heraklion, Crete (Greece)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

483

Liquid Silane Routes to Electronic Materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

New chemistries based upon liquid cyclohexasilane (Si{sub 6}H{sub 12} or CHS) have been used as precursors to silicon-containing electronic materials. Spin-coating of CHS-based inks with subsequent UV light and/or thermal treatment yielded amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) films. While initial ink chemistries gave a-Si:H with high resistivity (i.e., > 10{sup 6} {Omega}.cm), several doping strategies are under development to address this limitation. In this contribution, the current status of solution processed rectifying diodes and field effect transistors fabricated from CHS-based inks will be presented. Additionally, a new printing approach termed collimated aerosol beam direct write (CAB-DW{sup TM}) was developed that allows the deposition of printed Ag lines 5 {mu}m in width. A status update will be given where CHS-based inks have been used to CAB-DW silicon-based features with linewidths <10 {mu}m. Assuming silicon thin film materials with good electrical properties will be developed, there may be significant cost advantages associated with the ability to controllably deposit the semiconductor in a metered fashion.

Douglas L. Schulz; Xuliang Dai; Kendric J. Nelson; Konstantin Pokhodnya; Justin M. Hoey; Iskander S. Akhatov; Orven F. Swenson; Jeremiah Smith; John Lovaasen; Matt Robinson; Scott Payne; Philip R. Boudjouk

2008-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

484

Dynamics of spectral algorithms for distributed routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the past few decades distributed systems have evolved from man-made machines to organically changing social, economic and protein networks. This transition has been overwhelming in many ways at once. Dynamic, heterogeneous, ...

Maymounkov, Petar (Petar Borissov)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Static virtual channel allocation in oblivious routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most virtual channel routers have multiple virtual channels to mitigate the effects of head-of-line blocking. When there are more flows than virtual channels at a link, packets or flows must compete for channels, either ...

Shim, Keun Sup

486

Louisiana Profile - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Louisiana Quick Facts. The Henry Hub in Erath, Louisiana, is the interconnect for nine interstate and four intrastate pipelines that provide access to major markets ...

487

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Regional Overview and Links  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

based on data through 20072008 with selected updates Regional Overviews and Links to Pipeline Companies Through a series of interconnecting interstate and intrastate pipelines the...

488

Pipelines and Underground Gas Storage (Iowa) | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

These rules apply to intrastate transport of natural gas and other substances via pipeline, as well as underground gas storage facilities. The construction and operation of...

489

Electricity Merger Policy in the Shadow of Regulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

intrastate natural gas transport and storage in the region.and storage and balancing services are unbundled from other gas suppliers (notably Gas Natural),

Gilbert, Richard J; Newberry, David M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Pipeline Safety (South Dakota)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The South Dakota Pipeline Safety Program, administered by the Public Utilities Commission, is responsible for regulating hazardous gas intrastate pipelines. Relevant legislation and regulations...

491

Audit Report: WR-B-99-01 | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Audit Report: WR-B-99-01 December 4, 1998 Transportation Safeguards Division Courier Work Schedules and Escort Vehicle Replacements The Office of Inspector General's (OIG) April 1995 report, Audit of Transportation Safeguards Division Couriers' Work Schedules, found that couriers received too much overtime and incurred too much unproductive time. This finding occurred because the Transportation Safeguards Division (TSD) employed a traditional work schedule that did not meet the demands of the job. The report recommended implementing an alternative work schedule that corresponded more closely to the couriers' actual work requirements. Management agreed to conduct a comparative analysis of work schedules to evaluate potential savings. The objectives of this audit were to (1) follow

492

BWXT Pantex, LLC Route 726, Mt. Athos Road  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

9B. DATED (SEE E M 11) I 1 DE-ACO4-OOALO6020 10s. DATED (SEE ITEM 13) I . CONTRACT ID CODE PAGE I OF 2 PAGES 2. AMENDMENT/MODlFlCATlON NO. MO99 Offers must acknowledge receipt of this amendment priw to the hour and date specifid in the solicitation a s amended. by one of the fdlovving methods: (a) By completing Items 8 and 15, and returning - copies of the amendmmS (b) By acknwuledglng receipt of this amendment on each oopy of the offer submitted; or (c) By separate letttx or tdegram which includes a reference to the solicitation m d amendment n u m b . FAILURE OF YOUR ACKNOWLEDGMENT TO BE RECEIVED AT THE PLACE DESIGNATED FOR THE RECEIPT OF OFFERS PRIOR TO THE HOUR AND DATE SPECIFIED MAY RESULT IN REJECTION OF YOUR OFFER. If by virtue of this msndment yw desire to change an offa already submitted. such drmge

493

BWXT Pantex, LLC Route 726, Mt. Athos Road  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Sol-lClTATlONlMODlFlCATlON OF CONTRACT I Sol-lClTATlONlMODlFlCATlON OF CONTRACT I I . CONTRACT ID CODE PAGE I OF P PAGES 9B. DATED (SEE E M 11) 2. AMENDMENTIMODIFICATION NO. MI01 Offers must acknowledge receipt of this amendment prior to the hour and date specifmd in the solicitation as mended, by one of the following methods: (a) By completing Items 8 and 15, and returning - coples of the amendment; @) By acknowledging r d p t of this amendment on each copy of the offer submitted; or (c) By seperate letter or telegram whlch includes a refer- to the solicitation and mendmmt numbers. FAILURE OF YOUR ACKNOWLEDGMENT TO BE RECEIVED AT THE PLACE DESIGNATED FOR THE RECEIPT OF OFFERS PRIOR TO THE HOUR AND DATE SPECIFIED MAY RESULT IN REJECTION OF YOUR OFFER. If by virtus of this msndment you desire to change an offer drem-ly submitted, such change

494

Ambush avoidance in vehicle routing for valuable delivery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of an armored vehicle carrying a sum of money for deposit at one or more banks in a relatively stable urban

Bierlaire, Michel

495

Route to supersolidity for the extended Bose-Hubbard model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use the Gutzwiller ansatz and analyze the phase diagram of the extended Bose-Hubbard Hamiltonian with on-site (U) and nearest-neighbor (V) repulsions. For d-dimensional hypercubic lattices, when 2dVphase occupies small regions around the CDW insulators. However, when 2dV>U, in this Rapid Communication, we show that the ground state has only CDW insulators, and more importantly, the SS phase occupies a much larger region in the phase diagram, existing up to very large hopping values which could be orders of magnitude higher than that of the well-known case. In particular, the SS-superfluid phase boundary increases linearly as a function of hopping when 2dV > or approx. 1.5U, for which the prospects of observing the SS phase with dipolar Bose gases loaded into optical lattices is much higher.

Iskin, M. [Department of Physics, Koc University, Rumelifeneri Yolu, TR-34450 Sariyer, Istanbul (Turkey)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

496

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

scale is comparable to the electron wavelength). A multi-orbital two-dimensional electron gas created at the surface of transition-metal oxides, such as SrTiO3 and KTaO3, upon...

497

RoutingTG_ telecon 6 21 07_rev2.rtf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bailey ( CSG-NE), Jane Beetem (MO Dept. of Natural Resources), Barbara Byron (CA Energy Commission), Kurt Colborn (MHF), Matt Dennis (SNL), Scott Field (WIEB), Dan Fisher...

498

A GENETIC ALGORITHM WITH RANDOM KEYS FOR ROUTING ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 17, 2008 ... the huge capacity of optical fibers, as far as it permits the .... Noronha, Ribeiro, and Resende [22] studied algorithms and data structures for ... new copy is created in line 5 and added to set ? in line 6. The copy .... a 3 × 4 grid.

499

EFFICIENT AND FAIR ROUTING FOR MESH NETWORKS 1 ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apr 16, 2009 ... information to make use of the energy stored in each of the nodes effectively. .... The analysis that we propose applies to the OLPC project and to other ... around 13% of the total mobile phone market in the third quarter of.

500

BWXT Pantex, LLC Route 726, Mt. Athos Road  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

I I 1 CONTRACT ID CODE I I 9B. DATED (SEE ITEM 11) PAGE I OF 2 PAGES 10A. MODIFICATION OF CONTRACTIORDER NO. DE-AC04-00AL66620 1 1 1 0 B DATED (SEE ITEM 13) 2. AMENDMENTIMODIFICATION NO. M I 22 - . - extended. Offers must acknowledge receipt of this amendment prior to the hour and date specified in the solicitation as amended, by one of the following methods: (a) By completing Items 8 and 15, and returning - copies of the amendment; (b) By acknowledging receipt of this amendment on each copy of the offer submitted; or (c) By separate letter or telegram which includes a reference to the solicitation and amendment numbers. FAILURE OF YOUR ACKNOWLEDGMENT TO BE RECEIVED AT THE PLACE DESIGNATED FOR THE RECEIPT OF OFFERS PRIOR TO THE HOUR AND DATE SPECIFIED MAY RESULT IN REJECTION OF YOUR OFFER. If by virtue of this amendment you desire to change an offer already submitted, such