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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Dynamics of the Shallow Meridional Circulation around Intertropical Convergence Zones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The generally accepted view of the meridional circulation in the tropical east Pacific is that of a single deep overturning cell driven by deep convective heating in the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ), similar to the zonal mean Hadley ...

David S. Nolan; Chidong Zhang; Shu-hua Chen

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

The Structure and Energetics of the East Atlantic Intertropical Convergence Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rawinsonde and satellite data from GATE are used to construct composite analyses of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) of the summertime eastern Atlantic. The latitude of the ITCZ varies substantially with time, and the data are analyzed ...

William M. Frank

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Southward Intertropical Convergence Zone Shifts and Implications for an Atmospheric Bipolar Seesaw  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, southward intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) shifts are investigated in three different scenarios: Northern Hemispheric cooling, Southern Hemispheric warming, and a bipolar seesaw-like forcing that combines the latter two. The ...

Ivana Cvijanovic; Peter L. Langen; Eigil Kaas; Peter D. Ditlevsen

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Breakdown and Reformation of the Intertropical Convergence Zone in a Moist Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of moisture on the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) over the eastern Pacific on the synoptic time scale are investigated using an intermediate complexity atmospheric circulation model, the quasi-equilibrium tropical circulation ...

Chia-Chi Wang; Chia Chou; Wei-Liang Lee

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Evolution of the Lorenz Energy Cycle in the Intertropical Convergence Zone in the South American Sector of the Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) in the South American sector of the Atlantic Ocean is identified using outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) data in order to investigate the evolution of the Lorenz energy cycle in the region dominated by ...

Ligia A. Da Silva; Prakki Satyamurty

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Maintenance of the Intertropical Convergence Zones and the Large-Scale Tropical Circulation on a Water-covered Earth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How the surface boundary heating (sea surface temperature) and cumulus adjustment process affect the location, structure, energetics, and dynamics of the intertropical convergence zones (ITCZs) is investigated. A series of experiments is ...

Peter G. Hess; David S. Battisti; Philip J. Rasch

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Influence of the Extratropical Ocean Circulation on the Intertropical Convergence Zone in an Idealized Coupled General Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors present coupled model simulations in which the ocean's meridional overturning circulation (MOC) sets the zonal mean location of the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) in the hemisphere with deep-water production. They use a coarse-...

Neven S. Fu?kar; Shang-Ping Xie; Riccardo Farneti; Elizabeth A. Maroon; Dargan M. W. Frierson

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Cloud-Cluster-Scale Circulations and the Vorticity Budget of Synoptic-Scale Waves Over the Eastern Atlantic Intertropical Convergence Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Objectively analyzed upper-air winds over the intertropical convergence zone of the eastern tropical Atlantic are separated into components representing the mean flow, westward moving synoptic-scale waves and cloud-cluster-scale motions during ...

Steven K. Esbensen; Edward I. Tollerud; Jan-Hwa Chu

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Variability of the Intertropical Front (ITF) and Rainfall over the West African Sudan–Sahel Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Intertropical Front (ITF) is a fundamental feature of the atmospheric circulation over West Africa. It separates the wedge of warm moist southwesterly monsoon flow off the tropical Atlantic from much hotter and very dry northeasterly wind ...

M. Issa Lélé; Peter J. Lamb

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Origin of the South Pacific Convergence Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The importance of the presence of South America and Australia to the existence and orientation of the South Pacific Convergence Zone (SPCZ) during January is explored using the ECMWF T21 model. Each of the continents is removed from the model and ...

George N. Kiladis; Hans von Storch; Harryvan Loon

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

The Intertropical Convergence Zone in the South Atlantic and the Equatorial Cold Tongue  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent observations from the QuikSCAT and Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellites, as well as a longer record of Special Sensor Microwave Imager winds are used to investigate the existence and dynamics of a Southern Hemisphere partner to ...

Semyon A. Grodsky; James A. Carton

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

An Objective Method for the Identification of the Intertropical Convergence Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple objective method for delineation of the ITCZ from daily 2.5 degree data on satellite measured outgoing longwave radiation and albedo is described. The method involves identification of grid points with a large fraction of deep convective ...

Sulochana Gadgil; Asha Guruprasad

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Convective Forcing in the Intertropical Convergence Zone of the Eastern Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the goals of the East Pacific Investigation of Climate, year 2001 process study (EPIC2001), was to understand the mechanisms controlling the forcing of deep atmospheric convection over the tropical eastern Pacific. An intensive study was ...

David J. Raymond; G. B. Raga; Christopher S. Bretherton; John Molinari; Carlos López-Carrillo; Željka Fuchs

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

The South Pacific Convergence Zone (SPCZ): A Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The circulation features associated with the South Pacific convergence zone (SPCZ) and its accompanying cloud band are reviewed and discussed. The paper focuses on the following topics: location, structure, and characteristics of the SPCZ; ...

Dayton G. Vincent

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Mesoscale Convergence Zone Development in Northeastern Colorado under Southwest Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In July 1987 during the CINDE project, three similar mesoscale planetary boundary layer convergence zones were observed to form in northeastern Colorado near Denver under synoptic-scale southwesterly flow. A number of recent studies have ...

Wendy Schreiber-Abshire; Alfred R. Rodi

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Observations of the Effect of Rain Temperature on the Surface Heat Flux in the Intertropical Convergence Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thermohaline response of the ocean to a short (10 h) but intense (95 mm) nighttime rainfall event was observed during a transit through the ITCZ. Two CTD profiles and shipboard measurements of air–sea fluxes were consistent with the ...

P. Flament; M. Sawyer

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Study of the Dynamics of the Intertropical Convergence Zone with a Symmetric Version of the GLAS Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of some calculations with a zonally symmetric version of the Goddard Laboratory of Atmospheric Sciences (GLAS) climate model are described. The model was first used to study the nature of symmetric circulation in response to various ...

B. N. Goswami; J. Shukla; E. K. Schneider; Y. C. Sud

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

The South Indian Convergence Zone and Interannual Rainfall Variability over Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The South Indian convergence zone (SICZ) is identified in this paper as a region of enhanced precipitation extending off the southeast coast of southern Africa during austral summer. Unlike the South Pacific convergence zone, the SICZ is a land-...

Kerry H. Cook

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

A Methodology for Predicting the Puget Sound Convergence Zone and Its Associated Weather  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Puget Sound Convergence Zone (PSCZ) is a terrain-induced mesoscale phenomenon that occurs in western Washington and has a dramatic impact on local weather. This paper presents the operational forecasting techniques that are used at the ...

William M. Whitney; Robert L. Doherty; Bradley R. Colman

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Variability of the South Atlantic Convergence Zone Simulated by an Atmospheric General Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interannual and decadal variability of the South Atlantic convergence zone (SACZ) during austral summer [season January–February–March (JFM)] is investigated. An attempt is made to separate the forced variability from the internal variability. ...

Marcelo Barreiro; Ping Chang; R. Saravanan

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Mechanisms of Mid-Holocene Precipitation Change in the South Pacific Convergence Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The variability of the South Pacific convergence zone (SPCZ) during the mid-Holocene is investigated using models archived in the Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project Phase II (PMIP2) database. Relative to preindustrial conditions, mid-...

Damianos F. Mantsis; Benjamin R. Lintner; Anthony J. Broccoli; Myriam Khodri

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Submonthly Convective Variability over South America and the South Atlantic Convergence Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Relationships between deep convection over South America and the atmospheric circulation are examined, with emphasis on submonthly variations of the South Atlantic convergence zone (SACZ) during austral summer. Outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) ...

Brant Liebmann; George N. Kiladis; JoséA. Marengo; Tércio Ambrizzi; John D. Glick

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Measuring Upper Ocean Variability from an Array of Surface Moorings in the Subtropical Convergence Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of upper ocean variability were made in the subtropical convergence zone southwest of Bermuda from an array of five surface moorings set with spacings of 16 to 53 km. The intent was to observe oceanic fronts and to quantify the ...

Robert A. Weller; Daniel L. Rudnick; Nancy J. Pennington; Richard P. Trask; James R. Valdes

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Measuring Near-Surface Meteorology over the Ocean from an Array of Surface Moorings in the Subtropical Convergence Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An array of five surface moorings was set in the subtropical convergence zone southwest of Bermuda with spacings of 16 to 53 km. Meteorological instrumentation on each of the surface buoys recorded wind velocity, barometric pressure, solar ...

Robert A. Weller; Daniel L. Rudnick; Richard E. Payne; Jerome P. Dean; Nancy J. Pennington; Richard P. Trask

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Evaluation of the South Pacific Convergence Zone in IPCC AR4 Climate Model Simulations of the Twentieth Century  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding how the South Pacific convergence zone (SPCZ) may change in the future requires the use of global coupled atmosphere–ocean models. It is therefore important to evaluate the ability of such models to realistically simulate the SPCZ. ...

Josephine R. Brown; Scott B. Power; Francois P. Delage; Robert A. Colman; Aurel F. Moise; Bradley F. Murphy

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Circulation, moisture, and precipitation relationships along the South Pacific Convergence Zone in reanalyses and CMIP5 models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One theorized control on the position of the South Pacific Convergence Zone (SPCZ) is the amount of low-level inflow from the relatively dry southeastern Pacific basin. Building on the analysis of observed SPCZ-region synoptic scale variability by ...

Matthew J. Niznik; Benjamin R. Lintner

27

Mesoanalysis of Summertime Convergence Zones in Central and Eastern North Carolina  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is demonstrated that it is possible to perform informative mesoanalysis of summertime convergence boundaries in the southeastern United States by combining capabilities of the new WSR-88D Doppler radar with Geostationary Operational ...

Steven E. Koch; Charles A. Ray

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Snowfall Associated with a Terrain-Generated Convergence Zone during the Winter Icing and Storm Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Longmont anticyclone, a region of low-level anticyclonic turning and convergence during episodes of northerly winds along the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains, is documented for a snow event that occurred during the Winter Icing and Storms ...

Douglas A. Wesley; Roy M. Rasmussen; Ben C. Bernstein

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Large-Scale SST Variability in the Western North Atlantic Subtropical Convergence Zone during FASINEX. Part II: Upper Ocean Heat Balance and Frontogenesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We analyzed the influence of wind-deriven horizontal heat advection on the large-scale [O(1000) km wavelength] variability of both the upper-ocean mixed-layer heat content and the subtropical frontal zone (SFZ) within an 11° by 10° domain in the ...

George R. Halliwell Jr.; Peter Cornillon

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Doppler Radar Analysis of a Snake River Plain Convergence Event  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A convergence zone periodically forms in the Snake River plain (SRP) of eastern Idaho as a result of terrain-induced boundary layer flow under synoptic northwesterly flow at low and midlevels. Complex terrain in central and eastern Idaho is ...

Thomas A. Andretta; Dean S. Hazen

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

The Maintenance of an Equatorially Asymmetric State in a Hybrid Coupled GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ocean general circulation model is coupled with a simple atmosphere model to investigate the formation mechanism of the intertropical convergence zone in the eastern Pacific, which is observed in the Northern Hemisphere. The coupled model ...

Shang-Ping Xie

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Tracking and Mean Structure of Easterly Waves over the Intra-Americas Sea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Easterly waves (EWs) are prominent features of the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ), found in both the Atlantic and Pacific during the Northern Hemisphere summer and fall, where they commonly serve as precursors to hurricanes over both ...

Yolande L. Serra; George N. Kiladis; Kevin I. Hodges

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Relationships between Rain Characteristics and Environment. Part I: TRMM Precipitation Features and the Large-Scale Environment over the Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Differences in the characteristics of rain systems in the eastern Pacific (EP) intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) and the western Pacific (WP) warm pool are quantitatively examined in relation to the large-scale environment. This study mainly ...

Chie Yokoyama; Yukari N. Takayabu

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Dynamical Adjustment of the Trade Wind Inversion Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In schematic north–south cross sections the trade inversion layer is often depicted as sloping upward as air flows toward the intertropical convergence zone. This conceptual view is consistent with purely thermodynamic boundary-layer models, ...

Wayne H. Schubert; Paul E. Ciesielski; Chungu Lu; Richard H. Johnson

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

ARM Research In The Equatorial Western Pacific: A Decade And Counting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The tropical western Pacific (TWP) is an important climatic region. Strong solar heating, warm sea surface temperatures, and the annual progression of the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) across this region generate abundant convective systems, which ...

C. N. Long; S. A. McFarlane; A. Del Genio; P. Minnis; T. P. Ackerman; J. Mather; J. Comstock; G. G. Mace; M. Jensen; C. Jakob

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

The Interaction of Clouds and Dry Air in the Eastern Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud radar observations of eastern Pacific intertropical convergence zone cloud vertical structure are interpreted in light of soundings, 100-km-scale divergence profiles calculated from precipitation radar Doppler velocities, and surface rain ...

Paquita Zuidema; Brian Mapes; Jialin Lin; Chris Fairall; Gary Wick

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Observations of a Convectively Coupled Kelvin Wave in the Eastern Pacific ITCZ  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A case study of a convectively coupled Kelvin wave in the eastern Pacific intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) is presented, as observed during the 1997 Pan American Climate Studies (PACS) Tropical Eastern Pacific Process Study (TEPPS). The ...

Katherine H. Straub; George N. Kiladis

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Convection and Easterly Wave Structures Observed in the Eastern Pacific Warm Pool during EPIC-2001  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During September–October 2001, the East Pacific Investigation of Climate Processes in the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere System (EPIC-2001) intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) field campaign focused on studies of deep convection in the warm-pool ...

Walter A. Petersen; Robert Cifelli; Dennis J. Boccippio; Steven A. Rutledge; Chris Fairall

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Effects of Seasonal Solar Forcing on Latitudinal Asymmetry of the ITCZ  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coupled ocean-atmosphere model is used to investigate the effects of seasonal variation in solar radiation on the configuration of the intertropical convergence zone. The model maintains a Northern Hemispheric ITCZ under annual mean insolation, ...

Shang-Ping Xie

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Fractal Statistics of Cloud Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Landsat Multispectral Scanner (MSS) and Thematic Mapper (TM) data, with 80 and 30 m spatial resolution, respectively, have been employed to study the spatial structure of boundary-layer and intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) clouds. The ...

Robert F. Cahalan; Joachim H. Joseph

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Observations of Variability on Synoptic Timescales in the East Pacific ITCZ  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data obtained in the eastern Pacific intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) during the Tropical Eastern Pacific Process Study (TEPPS) show a 3–6-day variability. The NOAA ship Ronald H. Brown collected surface meteorological observations, C-band ...

Yolande L. Serra; Robert A. Houze Jr.

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Inertial Available Kinetic Energy and the Dynamics of Tropical Plume Formation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical plumes are identified in satellite data as elongated cloud bands originating from convective activity along the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ), often extending far into the subtropics and middle latitudes. Many previous studies ...

John R. Mecikalski; Gregory J. Tripoli

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Vertical Mixing in the Ocean and Its Impact on the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere System in the Eastern Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The zonal and meridional asymmetries in the eastern tropical Pacific (the eastern equatorial cold tongue and the northern intertropical convergence zone) are key aspects of the region that are strongly influenced by ocean–atmosphere interactions. ...

Kelvin J. Richards; Shang-Ping Xie; Toru Miyama

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Equatorial Asymmetry of the East Pacific ITCZ: Observational Constraints on the Underlying Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The equatorial asymmetry of the east Pacific intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) is explored on the basis of an ocean surface heat budget analysis carried out with a variety of satellite data products. The annual mean climatology of absorbed ...

Hirohiko Masunaga; Tristan S. L’Ecuyer

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Synoptic Wave Perturbations and Convective Systems over Equatorial Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spectral analysis of the outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) time series over equatorial Africa reveals large oscillations of the convection with periods of between 3 and 6 days. In March and April, when the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) ...

Hanh Nguyen; Jean-Philippe Duvel

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

ITCZ Breakdown in Three-Dimensional Flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) is observed to undulate and at times break down into a series of tropical disturbances in several days. Some of these disturbances may develop into tropical cyclones and move to higher latitudes, while ...

Chia-chi Wang; Gudrun Magnusdottir

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Genesis of Tropical Storm Eugene (2005) from Merging Vortices Associated with ITCZ Breakdowns. Part III: Sensitivity to Various Genesis Parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, a series of sensitivity simulations is performed to examine the processes leading to the genesis of Tropical Storm Eugene (2005) from merging vortices associated with the breakdowns of the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) over ...

Chanh Q. Kieu; Da-Lin Zhang

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Barotropic Aspects of ITCZ Breakdown  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In satellite images the ITCZ (intertropical convergence zone) is sometimes observed to undulate and break down into a series of tropical disturbances. Tropical cyclones may later develop within these disturbances and move into higher latitudes ...

Rosana Nieto Ferreira; Wayne H. Schubert

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Dynamics of the ITCZ–Equatorial Cold Tongue Complex and Causes of theLatitudinal Climate Asymmetry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coupled atmosphere–ocean–coastline model driven by solar radiation is advanced to understand the essential physics determining the annual cycle of the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ)–equatorial cold tongue (ECT) complex and associated ...

Bin Wang; Yuqing Wang

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Analogous Pacific and Atlantic Meridional Modes of Tropical Atmosphere–Ocean Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From observational analysis a Pacific mode of variability in the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ)/cold tongue region is identified that possesses characteristics and interpretation similar to the dominant “meridional” mode of interannual–...

John C. H. Chiang; Daniel J. Vimont

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Processes Controlling the Mean Tropical Pacific Precipitation Pattern. Part I: The Andes and the Eastern Pacific ITCZ  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The question of why the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) is generally north of the equator in the tropical Pacific is addressed. Experiments with an atmospheric general circulation model coupled to idealized representations of the ocean show ...

Ken Takahashi; David S. Battisti

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

A Satellite-derived Climatology of the ITCZ  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents fundamental climatological characteristics of the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) in a simple concise manner using the highly reflective cloud (HRC) dataset. This satellite-derived dataset uses both visible and infrared ...

Duane E. Waliser; Catherine Gautier

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

A Simple Model of Nonlinear Hadley Circulation with an ITCZ: Analytic and Numerical Solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simple analytic solutions are constructed for an axially symmetric, nonlinear, slightly viscous circulation in a Boussinesq atmosphere in the presence of intense convection at an intertropical convergence zone. The latitude–height extent of the ...

Ming Fang; Ka Kit Tung

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

The Southeast Pacific Warm Band and Double ITCZ  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The east Pacific double intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) in austral fall is investigated with particular focus on the growing processes of its Southern Hemisphere branch. Satellite measurements from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (...

Hirohiko Masunaga; Tristan S. L’Ecuyer

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Convective Entrainment and Large-Scale Organization of Tropical Precipitation: Sensitivity of the CNRM-CM5 Hierarchy of Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spurious double intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) is a systematic bias affecting state-of-the-art coupled general circulation models (GCMs). Modeling studies show that the ITCZ structure is very sensitive to moist convection ...

Boutheina Oueslati; Gilles Bellon

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Subduction Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Subduction Zone Subduction Zone Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Subduction Zone Dictionary.png Subduction Zone: A tectonic process in which one tectonic plate is forced beneath another and sinks into the mantle as the plates converge Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Tectonic Settings List of tectonic settings known to host modern geothermal systems: Extensional Tectonics Subduction Zone Rift Zone Hot Spot Non-Tectonic Strike-Slip A classic cartoon illustrating a typical simplified subduction zone. http://www.columbia.edu/~vjd1/subd_zone_basic.htm Subduction zones occur where one tectonic plate is pulled under another. Most often the subducting plate is oceanic crust and contains many hydrous minerals. As the oceanic plate subducts it dewaters into the mantle,

57

Mobile Integrated Profiler System (MIPS) Observations of Low-Level Convergent Boundaries during IHOP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Characteristics of convergent boundary zones (CBZs) sampled by the Mobile Integrated Profiling System (MIPS) during the 2002 International H2O Project (IHOP_2002) are presented. The MIPS sensors (915-MHz wind profiler, 12-channel microwave ...

Haldun Karan; Kevin Knupp

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Convergent ablator performance measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The velocity and remaining ablator mass of an imploding capsule are critical metrics for assessing the progress toward ignition of an inertially confined fusion experiment. These and other convergent ablator performance parameters have been measured using a single streaked x-ray radiograph. Traditional Abel inversion of such a radiograph is ill-posed since backlighter intensity profiles and x-ray attenuation by the ablated plasma are unknown. To address this we have developed a regularization technique which allows the ablator density profile {rho}(r) and effective backlighter profile I{sub 0}(y) at each time step to be uniquely determined subject to the constraints that {rho}(r) is localized in radius space and I{sub 0}(y) is delocalized in object space. Moments of {rho}(r) then provide the time-resolved areal density, mass, and average radius (and thus velocity) of the remaining ablator material. These results are combined in the spherical rocket model to determine the ablation pressure and mass ablation rate during the implosion. The technique has been validated on simulated radiographs of implosions at the National Ignition Facility [Miller et al., Nucl. Fusion 44, 228 (2004)] and implemented on experiments at the OMEGA laser facility [Boehly et al., Opt. Commun. 133, 495 (1997)].

Hicks, D. G.; Spears, B. K.; Braun, D. G.; Sorce, C. M.; Celliers, P. M.; Collins, G. W.; Landen, O. L. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Olson, R. E. [Sandia National Laboratory, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

59

A research analysis on the concept of converging technology and converging types of information technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The future technological revolution is expected to be led by converging technologies, having enormous effects on economic and industrial environments in the future. But there have been few attempts to make empirical approach to the concept of converging ... Keywords: converging technology roadmap, converging theory, converging type

K. H. Choi

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Cloud Computing Towards Technological Convergence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the popularization and improvement of social and industrial IT development, information appears to explosively increase, and people put much higher expectations on the services of computing, communication and network. Today's public communication ... Keywords: Architectural Strategies, Cloud Computing, Cloud Environments, Communication Network, Computing, Convergence

P. Sasikala

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Convergence of Singular Vectors toward Lyapunov Vectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The rate at which the leading singular vectors converge toward a single pattern for increasing optimization times is examined within the context of a T21 L3 quasigeostrophic model. As expected, the final-time backward singular vectors converge ...

Carolyn A. Reynolds; Ronald M. Errico

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Exponential convergence with adaptive Monte Carlo  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For over a decade, it has been known that exponential convergence on discrete transport problems was possible using adaptive Monte Carlo techniques. Now, exponential convergence has been empirically demonstrated on a spatially continuous problem.

Booth, T.E.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Dorchester County- Renewable Zoning  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Dorchester County zoning codes specifically permit solar arrays and small wind turbines in many zoning districts.

64

A GLOBALLY CONVERGENT MODIFIED CONJUGATE-GRADIENT ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this algorithm, a preconditioner is used to increase the rate of convergence when near a minimizer. We have found that though a majority of the unconstrained ...

65

Convergence and Perturbation Resilience of Dynamic String ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 1, 2012 ... Optimization Online. Convergence and Perturbation Resilience of Dynamic String-Averaging Projection Methods. Yair Censor(yair ***at*** ...

66

Convergence acceleration operator for multiobjective optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A convergence acceleration operator (CAO) is described which enhances the search capability and the speed of convergence of the host multiobjective optimization algorithm. The operator acts directly in the objective space to suggest improvements to solutions ... Keywords: evolutionary multiobjective optimization, neural networks

Salem F. Adra; Tony J. Dodd; Ian A. Griffin; Peter J. Fleming

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Student Zone  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Student Zone Student Zone Homework Helpers All About Atoms - Learn about the parts of the atom! Virginia State Standards of Learning Practice Tests - Practice taking the SOL tests! Subjects currently include algebra, math, science and technology. Table of Elements - Basic physical and historical information about the elements! [Printable Version] Questions and Answers - Have a question? Need an answer? Check here first! Glossary of Science Terms - Definitions of some of the terms used on this site. Jefferson Lab Virtual Tour - How do scientists explore inside atoms? Video Resources Frostbite Theater - Short science experiments using liquid nitrogen, static electricity and more! Physics Out Loud - Jefferson Lab scientists and other experts explain some of the common words and terms used in nuclear physics research.

68

Convergence of Corporate and Information Security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As physical and information security boundaries have become increasingly blurry many organizations are experiencing challenges with how to effectively and efficiently manage security within the corporate. There is no current standard or best practice offered by the security community regarding convergence; however many organizations such as the Alliance for Enterprise Security Risk Management (AESRM) offer some excellent suggestions for integrating a converged security program. This paper reports on how organizations have traditionally managed asset protection, why that is changing and how to establish convergence to optimize security value to the business within an enterprise.

Syed,; Donahue, Shannon E

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

ON THE CONVERGENCE OF DECOMPOSITION METHODS FOR ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As special cases, our results imply the almost-sure convergence of SDDP, CUPPS and ... the OSIRIS Department at EDF R&D, France. The authors also ...... A. B. Philpott, University of Auckland, Dept. of Engineering Science, New. Zealand.

70

Asymptotic Convergence Analysis for Distributional Robust ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 2, 2013 ... we can show HTV (PN ,P) converges to zero at an exponential rate with the increase of sample size. N. Corollary 4.1 Let ?j, j = 1,··· ,N be ...

71

The NIAC Convergence of Physical and Cyber Technbologies and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The NIAC Convergence of Physical and Cyber Technbologies and Related Security Management Challenges Working Group Final Report and Recommendations The NIAC Convergence of Physical...

72

Processes Controlling the Mean Tropical Pacific Precipitation Pattern. Part II: The SPCZ and the Southeast Pacific Dry Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nature of the South Pacific convergence zone (SPCZ) is addressed by focusing on the dry (and cool) zone bounded by it and the coast of South America through numerical experiments. As shown in a companion paper, this dry zone is due, to a ...

Ken Takahashi; David S. Battisti

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

The Origin of Monsoons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The monsoon is interpreted as an intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) substantially away (more than 10°) from the equator and the existence of the ITCZ does not have to rely on land–sea contrast. Land–sea contrast can provide a favorable ...

Winston C. Chao; Baode Chen

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Heat Budget of the Upper Ocean in the South-Central Equatorial Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The double intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) over the tropical Pacific, with a spurious band of maximum annual sea surface temperature (SST) south of the equator between 5°S and 10°S, is a chronic bias in coupled ocean–atmosphere models. This ...

Hailong Liu; Wuyin Lin; Minghua Zhang

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

On convergence of the Flint Hills series  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is not known whether the Flint Hills series $\\sum_{n=1}^{\\infty} \\frac{1}{n^3\\cdot\\sin(n)^2}$ converges. We show that this question is closely related to the irrationality measure of $\\pi$, denoted $\\mu(\\pi)$. In particular, convergence of the Flint Hills series would imply $\\mu(\\pi) \\leq 2.5$ which is much stronger than the best currently known upper bound $\\mu(\\pi)\\leq 7.6063...$. This result easily generalizes to series of the form $\\sum_{n=1}^{\\infty} \\frac{1}{n^u\\cdot |\\sin(n)|^v}$ where $u,v>0$. We use the currently known bound for $\\mu(\\pi)$ to derive conditions on $u$ and $v$ that guarantee convergence of such series.

Alekseyev, Max A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Technology Zones (Virginia)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Virginia’s 26 designated Technology Zones offer tax relief in the form of abatements, credits, deductions, deferrals, exemptions, or rebates. Local governments may designate technology zones to...

77

Topographically Forced Convergence in Western Washington State  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several times a year when the low-level winds from off the Pacific Ocean are within a narrow range of speed and direction, air passes both north and south of the Olympic Mountains of Washington State and is forced to converge in Puget Sound by ...

Clifford Mass

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Iterative Time Reversal with Tunable Convergence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose and test an iterative technique for improving the temporal focusing of a time reversal mirror. A single amplification parameter is introduced to tune the convergence of the iteration. The tunable iterative technique is validated by tests on an experimental electromagnetic time reversal mirror, as well as on a novel numerical model.

Biniyam Tesfaye Taddese; Thomas M. Antonsen; Edward Ott; Steven M. Anlage

2011-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

79

ON RATES OF CONVERGENCE FOR STOCHASTIC ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our focus is on rates of convergence of estimators of optimal solutions and ..... In preparation for that result, we state the following assumption, which is similar to ...... second problem is LandS, a modification of a simple problem in electrical ...

80

'Pirate' radio, convergence and reception in Zimbabwe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a qualitative research approach, this study examines the appropriation of digital technologies and their implications for the reception of the so-called 'pirate' radio in Zimbabwe. It specifically explores how the use of the Internet (and its associated ... Keywords: Convergence, Internet, Mobile phone, Oral tradition, Pirate radio, Reception, SMS, SW Radio Africa, Studio 7, Zimbabwe

Hayes Mawindi Mabweazara

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Energy Systems Integration: A Convergence of Ideas  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Integration Integration A Convergence of Ideas July 2012 Ben Kroposki, Bobi Garrett, Stuart Macmillan, Brent Rice, and Connie Komomua National Renewable Energy Laboratory Mark O'Malley University College Dublin Dan Zimmerle Colorado State University NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. 1 Energy Systems Integration A Convergence of Ideas Benjamin Kroposki, Bobi Garrett, Stuart Macmillan, Brent Rice, Connie Komomua National Renewable Energy Laboratory Mark O'Malley University College Dublin Dan Zimmerle Colorado State University Prepared under Task No. 2940.5017 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency

82

Attribution of Seasonal and Regional Changes in Arctic Moisture Convergence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spatial and temporal changes in high-latitude moisture convergence simulated by the National Center for Atmospheric Research Community Climate System Model, version 3 (CCSM3) are investigated. Moisture convergence is calculated using the ...

Natasa Skific; Jennifer A. Francis; John J. Cassano

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

MODIFIED ZONE METHOD CALCULATOR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Zone Method is recommended for R-value calculations in steel stud walls by the 1997 ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals ASHRAE 1997. The Modified Zone Method is similar to the...

84

Enterprise Zone Program (Illinois)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Enterprise Zone Program provides eligible businesses that relocate or expand to a designated zone with tax incentives such as: 1) an investment tax credit; 2) a job tax credit for each job...

85

Reinvestment Zones (Texas)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Reinvestment Zones a local economic development tool used by municipalities and counties throughout the state of Texas. These zones can be created for the purpose of granting local businesses ad...

86

ASHRAE Climate Zones | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ASHRAE Climate Zones Jump to: navigation, search Subtype A Subtype B Subtype C Climate Zone Number 1 Zone 1A Zone 1B NA Climate Zone Number 2 Zone 2A Zone 2B NA Climate Zone...

87

Convergence, electrostatic potential, and density measurements in a spherically convergent ion focus  

SciTech Connect

Unique measurements of the basic plasma-flow characteristics in a low pressure ({le}53 mPa H{sub 2}) spherically convergent ion focus are obtained using high-voltage ({le}5 kV) emissive and double probes. The radial plasma potential distribution agrees with a collisionless, recirculating, space-charge-limited current model. Flow convergence increases with voltage and neutral pressure and decreases with cathode grid wire spacing and current. Core radii within 4{endash}5 times the ideal geometric limit are measured, and the observed core sizes are consistent with predictions from a multipass orbit model which includes asymmetries in the accelerating potential well. A virtual anode is observed in the converged core region, and no evidence for multiple potential well structures in the core is found. Measurements of the core ion density (n{sub ic}{approximately}10{sup 15} m{sup {minus}3}) are consistent with simple flow convergence models. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Thorson, T.A.; Durst, R.D.; Fonck, R.J.; Wainwright, L.P. [University of Wisconsin---Madison, 1500 Engineering Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)] [University of Wisconsin---Madison, 1500 Engineering Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Global Convergence 1 On the Global Convergence of an SLP-Filter ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thi s paper s ho ws that the fi lter techni qu e doe s provide a m echani sm f or f orcing glo b al convergence w hen us ed in an appropriate w ay. To pre s ent thi s  ...

89

North Atlantic Oscillation Influence on Precipitation Variability around the Southeast African Convergence Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationship between the North Atlantic oscillation (NAO) and austral summer (December–February) rainfall variability over southeastern Africa is described. Thirty-one stations in 0°–16°S and 25°–40°E have statistically significant ...

Maurice J. McHugh; Jeffrey C. Rogers

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

The Subinertial Momentum Balance of the North Atlantic Subtropical Convergence Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The upper-ocean to forcing by pressure gradients and wind stress is examined using observations from the Frontal Air–Sea Interaction Experiment. A moored way acquired time series of winds. upper-ocean currents, temperatures, and salinities ...

Craig M. Lee; Charles C. Eriksen

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

The NIAC Convergence of Physical and Cyber Technbologies and Related  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The NIAC Convergence of Physical and Cyber Technbologies and The NIAC Convergence of Physical and Cyber Technbologies and Related Security Management Challenges Working Group Final Report and Recommendations The NIAC Convergence of Physical and Cyber Technbologies and Related Security Management Challenges Working Group Final Report and Recommendations The NIAC convened the Physical/Cyber Convergence Working Group (CWG), in October 2005, to investigate the ongoing convergence of physical and cyber technologies for Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) and process control systems and their consolidated network management. The Working Group convened a Study Group of subject matter experts to inform its work. The Working Group report informed the NIAC's deliberations. The NIAC Convergence of Physical and Cyber Technbologies and Related

92

Cross-border price convergence: the case of the MERCOSUR.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper empirically examines whether there is a tendency for trade-induced price convergence - in other words if price differences among city pairs separated by… (more)

Samaniego Ruiz Diaz, Adriana

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Optimization Online - Convergence of a Penalty Method for ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 2, 2002 ... ms.unimelb.edu.au) Daniel Ralph (danny.ralph ***at*** jims.cam.ac.uk). Abstract: We adapt the convergence analysis of smoothing (Fukushima ...

94

A Generalized Proximal Point Algorithm and its Convergence Rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 4, 2013 ... We establish the convergence rate of this generalized ...... [25] R. T. Rockafellar, Convex Analysis, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ,.

95

Convergence rate of inexact proximal point methods with relative ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 22, 2010 ... Global convergence rate results for the HPE method have been derived in [11] ...... Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1970. [17] R. T. ...

96

Network Connectivity and Price Convergency: Gas Pipeline Deregulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pipeline tariffs and gas prices were regulated (Mulherin,failed, in equMizing gas prices across the geographicallyNetwork Connectivity and Price Convergence: Gas Pipeline

De Vany, Arthur; Walls, W. David

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Geothermal: Educational Zone  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GEOTHERMAL TECHNOLOGIES LEGACY COLLECTION - Educational Zone Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us | Admin Log On HomeBasic Search About...

98

Renaissance Zones (North Dakota)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Renaissance Zones allow qualifying businesses and individuals to claim one or more tax incentives for purchasing, leasing, or making improvements to real property located in a North Dakota...

99

Convergence of normal form transformations: The role of symmetries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the convergence problem for coordinate transformations which take a given vector field into Poincar\\'e-Dulac normal form. We show that the presence of linear or nonlinear Lie point symmetries can guaranteee convergence of these normalizing transformations, in a number of scenarios. As an application, we consider a class of bifurcation problems.

G. Cicogna; S. Walcher

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

100

Provably convergent coordinate descent in statistical tomographic reconstruction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statistical tomographic reconstruction algorithms generally require the efficient optimization of a functional. A recent algorithm known as iterative coordinate descent with Newton-Raphson updates (ICD/NR) has been shown to be much more computationally efficient than indirect optimization approaches based on the EM algorithm. However, while the ICD/NR algorithm has experimentally been shown to converge stably, no theoretical proof of convergence is known. In this paper, we prove that a modified algorithm, which we call ICD functional substitution (ICD/FS), has guaranteed global convergence in addition to the computational efficiency of ICD/NR. The ICD/FS method works by approximating the log likelihood at each pixel by an alternative quadratic functional. Experimental results show that the convergence speed of the globally convergent algorithm is nearly identical to that of ICD/NR. 1.

Suhail Saquib; Jun Zheng; Charles A. Bouman; Ken D. Sauer

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Deep Vadose Zone  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Mission of the Deep Vadose Zone Applied Field Research Initiative is to protect water resources across the DOE complex over the long-term by developing effective solutions to solve DOE’s most...

102

Development Opportunity Zone Credit  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Development Opportunity Zone Credits incent new and expanding businesses in the Cities of Beloit, Janesville and Kenosha by providing non-refundable tax credits to assist with the creation and...

103

Keystone Opportunity Zones (Pennsylvania)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Keystone Opportunity Zones allows businesses located within designated areas to qualify for a tax exemption, deduction, credit, or abatement of state and local taxes such as sales and use tax,...

104

Queen Anne's County- Solar Zoning  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Queen Anne's County zoning code allows for ground mounted solar arrays in areas zoned as "open space," "agricultural," and "countryside" districts.

105

Modeling Tropical Convergence Based on the Moist Static Energy Budget  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vertically integrated moist static energy equation provides a convenient starting point for the construction of simple models of the time-mean low level convergence in the tropics. A vertically integrated measure of the moist static stability,...

J. David Neelin; Isaac M. Held

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Some sufficient conditions for subsequential convergence of a sequence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we give some sufficient conditions in terms of regularly generated sequences for a sequence to be subsequentially convergent. Keywords: General control modulo, Moderately oscillating sequence, Regularly generated sequence, Slowly oscillating sequence

ímit Totur; ?brahim Çanak

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Convergence of intra-domain routing with centralized control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The decentralized control scheme for routing in current IP networks has been questioned, and a centralized routing scheme has been proposed as an alternative. In this paper, we compare the convergence of centralized control scheme with decentralized ...

Jing Fu; Peter Sjödin; Gunnar Karlsson

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Eddies at the Subtropical Convergence South of Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A descriptive analysis of the occurrence and kinematics of mesoscale eddies at the subtropical convergence south of Africa is presented. Data used in this study include thermal infrared imagery from satellites since 1978 and a number of ...

J. R. E. Lutjeharms; H. R. Valentine

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Thermally Forced Surface Flow and Convergence Patterns over Northeast Colorado  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical model simulations have been performed with the Colorado State University mesoscale model to determine the regions of most likely occurrence of first cumulonimbus activity. It is shown that during the day, convergence along the eastern ...

Deborah J. Abbs; Roger A. Pielke

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Optimization Online - On Rates of Convergence for Stochastic ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apr 17, 2006 ... Our focus is on rates of convergence of estimators of optimal solutions and optimal values with respect to the sample size. This is a well-studied ...

111

convergence analysis of an interior-point method for mathematical ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PISCATAWAY, NJ 0885, .... converge to it at a quadratic rate. In this paper ..... penalt y parameter is nee d e d ), an d the rate o f con v ergence is qua d ratic . 11  ...

112

A Convergent Method for Solving the Balance Equation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A well known method for the solution of the balance equation is analyzed. It is shown that the method is convergent, provided that under-relaxation is used and that the approximate solutions satisfy the ellipticity criteria of the equation.

Trond Iversen; Thor Erik Nordeng

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

The Acceleration Field Associated with Vorticity Flux Convergence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that each term that represents vorticity flux convergence or divergence in the quasigeostrophic potential vorticity equation can be inverted to obtain fluid acceleration associated with that term, and the same can be obtained for the ...

Colin Y. Shen

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Relationships between Tidal Dynamics and Bathymetry in Strongly Convergent Estuaries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Localized analytical solutions are derived for the propagation of a single (predominant) tidal constituent in estuaries with strongly convergent triangular cross sections. The advective term is neglected, and the friction term is linearized. The ...

D. Prandle

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Reformulation of nonlinear integral magnetostatic equations for rapid iterative convergence  

SciTech Connect

The integral equations of magnetostatics, conventionally given in terms of the field variables M and H, are reformulated with M and B. Stability criteria and convergence rates of the eigenvectors of the linear iteration matrices are evaluated. The relaxation factor ..beta.. in the MH approach varies inversely with permeability ..mu.., and nonlinear problems with high permeability converge slowly. In contrast, MB iteration is stable for ..beta.. < 2, and nonlinear problems converge rapidly, at a rate essentially independent of ..mu... For a permeability of 10/sup 3/, the number of iterations is reduced by two orders of magnitude over the conventional method, and at higher permeabilities the reduction is proportionally greater. The dependence of MB convergence rate on ..beta.., degree of saturation, element aspect ratio, and problem size is found numerically. An analytical result for the MB convergence rate for small nonlinear problems is found to be accurate for ..beta..less than or equal to1.2. The results are generally valid for two- and three-dimensional integral methods and are independent of the particular discretization procedures used to compute the field matrix.

Bloomberg, D.S.; Castelli, V.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Accommodation Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Accommodation Zone Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Accommodation Zone Dictionary.png Accommodation Zone: Accommodation zones occur at fault intersections consisting of belts of interlocking, oppositely dipping normal faults. Multiple subsurface fault intersections in these zones are a favorable host for geothermal activity. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Controlling Structures List of controlling structures typically associated with geothermal systems: Major Normal Fault Termination of a Major Normal Fault Stepover or Relay Ramp in Normal Fault Zones

117

Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Climate Zones to Climate Zones to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education Climate-Specific Guidance Solution Center Partnerships Meetings Publications Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Challenge Home Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals

118

Rift Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rift Zone Rift Zone Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Rift Zone Dictionary.png Rift Zone: A divergent plate boundary within a continent Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Tectonic Settings List of tectonic settings known to host modern geothermal systems: Extensional Tectonics Subduction Zone Rift Zone Hot Spot Non-Tectonic Strike-Slip The Rio Grande Rift exemplifies rift zone tectonics - increased volcanic activity and the formation of graben structures (reference: science-art.com) Rift valleys occur at divergent plate boundaries, resulting in large graben structures and increased volcanism. The East African Rift is an example of a continental rift zone with increased volcanism, while the Atlantic's spreading Mid-Ocean Ridge is host to an enormous amount of geothermal

119

The Enterprise Zone (Rhode Island)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Enterprise Zone offers tax incentives to business expanding their workforce by 5% at facilities in designated enterprise zones. The tax credit is equal to 50% of the annual wages paid to a new...

120

Radiant zone heated particulate filter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system includes a particulate matter (PM) filter including an upstream end for receiving exhaust gas and a downstream end. A radiant zoned heater includes N zones, where N is an integer greater than one, wherein each of the N zones includes M sub-zones, where M is an integer greater than or equal to one. A control module selectively activates at least a selected one of the N zones to initiate regeneration in downstream portions of the PM filter from the one of the N zones, restricts exhaust gas flow in a portion of the PM filter that corresponds to the selected one of the N zones, and deactivates non-selected ones of the N zones.

Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI

2011-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

CO2 Emissions - Panama Canal Zone  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Panama Canal Zone Graphics CO2 Emissions from Panama Canal Zone Data graphic Data CO2 Emissions from Panama Canal Zone...

122

Transition Zone Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transition Zone Geothermal Region (Redirected from Transition Zone) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Transition Zone Geothermal Region edit Details...

123

Finite time convergent learning law for continuous neural networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the design of a discontinuous finite time convergent learning law for neural networks with continuous dynamics. The neural network was used here to obtain a non-parametric model for uncertain systems described by a set of ordinary ... Keywords: Discontinuous systems, Learning algorithms, Lyapunov method, Neural networks, Super-twisting

Isaac Chairez

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

BTU convergence spawning gas market opportunities in North America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The so-called BTU convergence of US electric power and natural gas sectors is spawning a boom in market opportunities in the US Northeast that ensures the region will be North America`s fastest growing gas market. That`s the view of Catherine Good Abbott, CEO of Columbia Gas Transmission Corp., who told a Ziff Energy conference in Calgary that US Northeast gas demand is expected to increase to almost 10 bcfd in 2000 and more than 12 bcfd in 2010 from about 8 bcfd in 1995 and only 3 bcfd in 1985. The fastest growth will be in the US Northeast`s electrical sector, where demand for gas is expected to double to 4 bcfd in 2010 from about 2 bcfd in 1995. In other presentations at the Ziff Energy conference, speakers voiced concerns about the complexity and speed of the BTU convergence phenomenon and offered assurances about the adequacy of gas supplies in North American to meet demand growth propelled by the BTU convergence boom. The paper discusses the gas demand being driven by power utilities, the BTU convergence outlook, electric power demand, Canadian production and supply, and the US overview.

NONE

1998-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

125

Convergence Characteristics of the Cumulant Expansion for Fourier Path Integrals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cumulant representation of the Fourier path integral method is examined to determine the asymptotic convergence characteristics of the imaginary-time density matrix with respect to the number of path variables $N$ included. It is proved that when the cumulant expansion is truncated at order $p$, the asymptotic convergence rate of the density matrix behaves like $N^{-(2p+1)}$. The complex algebra associated with the proof is simplified by introducing a diagrammatic representation of the contributing terms along with an associated linked-cluster theorem. The cumulant terms at each order are expanded in a series such that the the asymptotic convergence rate is maintained without the need to calculate the full cumulant at order $p$. Using this truncated expansion of each cumulant at order $p$, the numerical cost in developing Fourier path integral expressions having convergence order $N^{-(2p+1)}$ is shown to be approximately linear in the number of required potential energy evaluations making the method promising for actual numerical implementation.

Sharif D. Kunikeev; David L. Freeman; J. D. Doll

2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

126

Relations between divergence of multipliers and convergence to ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

line-search interior methods may converge to an infeasible point which is on. the boundary of ... direction that can be characterized in terms of the gradients of the equality. constraints and ..... since it does not enter the analysis. They prove that ...

127

Monotonically convergent optimization in quantum control using Krotov's method  

SciTech Connect

The non-linear optimization method developed by A. Konnov and V. Krotov [Autom. Remote Cont. (Engl. Transl.) 60, 1427 (1999)] has been used previously to extend the capabilities of optimal control theory from the linear to the non-linear Schroedinger equation [S. E. Sklarz and D. J. Tannor, Phys. Rev. A 66, 053619 (2002)]. Here we show that based on the Konnov-Krotov method, monotonically convergent algorithms are obtained for a large class of quantum control problems. It includes, in addition to nonlinear equations of motion, control problems that are characterized by non-unitary time evolution, nonlinear dependencies of the Hamiltonian on the control, time-dependent targets, and optimization functionals that depend to higher than second order on the time-evolving states. We furthermore show that the nonlinear (second order) contribution can be estimated either analytically or numerically, yielding readily applicable optimization algorithms. We demonstrate monotonic convergence for an optimization functional that is an eighth-degree polynomial in the states. For the ''standard'' quantum control problem of a convex final-time functional, linear equations of motion and linear dependency of the Hamiltonian on the field, the second-order contribution is not required for monotonic convergence but can be used to speed up convergence. We demonstrate this by comparing the performance of first- and second-order algorithms for two examples.

Reich, Daniel M.; Koch, Christiane P. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Freie Universitaet Berlin, Arnimallee 14, 14195 Berlin (Germany); Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Kassel, Heinrich-Plett-Str. 40, 34132 Kassel (Germany); Ndong, Mamadou [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Freie Universitaet Berlin, Arnimallee 14, 14195 Berlin (Germany)

2012-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

128

A convergent adaptive method for elliptic eigenvalue problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

problems, nuclear reactor criticality and the modelling of photonic band gap materials, to name but three the computed eigenfunction has high oscillation. The error analysis extends the theory of convergence eigenfunction. (Measures of "data oscillation" appear in the theory of adpativity for boundary value problems (e

129

Convergence properties of the local defect correction method for parabolic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Convergence properties of the local defect correction method for parabolic problems R. Minero , H for parabolic problems presented in [14]. We derive a general expression for the iteration matrix of the method, domain decomposition and regridding. In [14] LDC is generalized to solve parabolic partial differential

Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

130

PROVABLY CONVERGENT COORDINATE DESCENT IN STATISTICAL TOMOGRAPHIC RECONSTRUCTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

substitution (ICD/FS), has guaranteed global convergence in addition to the computational e#ciency of ICD/NR. The ICD/FS method works by approximating the log likelihood at each pixel by an alternative quadratic a modified ICD algorithm which we call ICD functional substitution (ICD/FS). The ICD/FS algorithm locally

131

PROVABLY CONVERGENT COORDINATE DESCENT IN STATISTICAL TOMOGRAPHIC RECONSTRUCTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

substitution (ICD/FS), has guaranteed global convergence in addition to the computational efficiency of ICD/NR. The ICD/FS method works by approximating the log likelihood at each pixel by an alternative quadratic a modified ICD algorithm which we call ICD functional substitution (ICD/FS). The ICD/FS algorithm locally

132

Computer simulations of exponentially convergent networks with large impulses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper demonstrates the use of a semi-discretization technique for obtaining a discrete-time analogue of an exponentially convergent network that is subject to impulses with large magnitude. Prior to implementing the analogue for computer simulations, ... Keywords: 39A12, 65Q05, 92B20, Discrete-time analogue, Exponential stability, Impulses, Semi-discretization

Sannay Mohamad

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Liquid zone seal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A seal assembly that provides a means for establishing multiple pressure zones within a system. The seal assembly combines a plate extending from the inner wall of a housing or inner enclosure that intersects with and is immersed in the fluid contained in a well formed in a tray contained within the enclosure. The fluid is a low vapor pressure oil, chemically inert and oxidation resistant. The use of a fluid as the sealing component provides a seal that is self-healing and mechanically robust not subject to normal mechanical wear, breakage, and formation of cracks or pinholes and decouples external mechanical vibrations from internal structural members.

Klebanoff, Leonard E. (Dublin, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Climate Zone 5C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone 5C Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 5 and Climate Zone Subtype C. Climate Zone...

135

Breathing zone air sampler  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sampling apparatus is provided which comprises a sampler for sampling air in the breathing zone of a wearer of the apparatus and a support for the sampler preferably in the form of a pair of eyeglasses. The sampler comprises a sampling assembly supported on the frame of the eyeglasses and including a pair of sample transport tubes which are suspended, in use, centrally of the frame so as to be disposed on opposite sides of the nose of the wearer and which each include an inlet therein that, in use, is disposed adjacent to a respective nostril of the nose of the wearer. A filter holder connected to sample transport tubes supports a removable filter for filtering out particulate material in the air sampled by the apparatus. The sample apparatus is connected to a pump for drawing air into the apparatus through the tube inlets so that the air passes through the filter.

Tobin, John (Bethel Park, PA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

A theoretical study on a convergence problem of nodal methods  

SciTech Connect

The effectiveness of modern nodal methods is largely due to its use of the information from the analytical flux solution inside a homogeneous node. As a result, the nodal coupling coefficients depend explicitly or implicitly on the evolving Eigen-value of a problem during its solution iteration process. This poses an inherently non-linear matrix Eigen-value iteration problem. This paper points out analytically that, whenever the half wave length of an evolving node interior analytic solution becomes smaller than the size of that node, this non-linear iteration problem can become inherently unstable and theoretically can always be non-convergent or converge to higher order harmonics. This phenomenon is confirmed, demonstrated and analyzed via the simplest 1-D problem solved by the simplest analytic nodal method, the Analytic Coarse Mesh Finite Difference (ACMFD, [1]) method. (authors)

Shaohong, Z.; Ziyong, L. [Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ., 1954 Hua Shan Road, Shanghai, 200030 (China); Chao, Y. A. [Westinghouse Electric Company, P. O. Box 355, Pittsburgh, PA 15230-0355 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Renewal convergence rates and correlation decay for homogeneous pinning models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A class of discrete renewal processes with super-exponentially decaying inter-arrival distributions coincides with the infinite volume limit of general homogeneous pinning models in their localized phase. Pinning models are statistical mechanics systems to which a lot of attention has been devoted both for their relevance for applications and because they are solvable models exhibiting a non-trivial phase transition. The spatial decay of correlations in these systems is directly mapped to the speed of convergence to equilibrium for the associated renewal processes. We show that close to criticality, under general assumptions, the correlation decay rate, or the renewal convergence rate, coincides with the inter-arrival decay rate. We also show that, in general, this is false away from criticality. Under a stronger assumption on the inter-arrival distribution we establish a local limit theorem, capturing thus the sharp asymptotic behavior of correlations.

Giacomin, Giambattista

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Renewal convergence rates and correlation decay for homogeneous pinning models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A class of discrete renewal processes with super-exponentially decaying inter-arrival distributions coincides with the infinite volume limit of general homogeneous pinning models in their localized phase. Pinning models are statistical mechanics systems to which a lot of attention has been devoted both for their relevance for applications and because they are solvable models exhibiting a non-trivial phase transition. The spatial decay of correlations in these systems is directly mapped to the speed of convergence to equilibrium for the associated renewal processes. We show that close to criticality, under general assumptions, the correlation decay rate, or the renewal convergence rate, coincides with the inter-arrival decay rate. We also show that, in general, this is false away from criticality. Under a stronger assumption on the inter-arrival distribution we establish a local limit theorem, capturing thus the sharp asymptotic behavior of correlations.

Giambattista Giacomin

2007-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

139

Multiple spherically converging shock waves in liquid deuterium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To achieve ignition, inertial confinement fusion target designs use a sequence of shocks to compress the target before it implodes. To minimize the entropy acquired by the fuel, the strength and timing of these shocks will be precisely set during a series of tuning experiments that adjust the laser pulse to achieve optimal conditions. We report measurements of the velocity and timing of multiple, converging shock waves inside spherical targets filled with liquid (cryogenic) deuterium. These experiments produced the highest reported shock velocity observed in liquid deuterium (U{sub s} = 135 km/s at {approx}25 Mb) and observed an increase in shock velocity due to spherical convergence. These direct-drive experiments are best simulated when hydrodynamic codes use a nonlocal model for the transport of absorbed laser energy from the coronal plasma to the ablation surface.

Boehly, T. R.; Goncharov, V. N.; Seka, W.; Hu, S. X.; Marozas, J. A. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14423-1299 (United States); Meyerhofer, D. D. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics and Departments of Mechanical Engineering and Physics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States); Celliers, P. M.; Hicks, D. G.; Barrios, M. A.; Fratanduono, D.; Collins, G. W. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

140

Simulation and Analysis of Converging Shock Wave Test Problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results and analysis pertaining to the simulation of the Guderley converging shock wave test problem (and associated code verification hydrodynamics test problems involving converging shock waves) in the LANL ASC radiation-hydrodynamics code xRAGE are presented. One-dimensional (1D) spherical and two-dimensional (2D) axi-symmetric geometric setups are utilized and evaluated in this study, as is an instantiation of the xRAGE adaptive mesh refinement capability. For the 2D simulations, a 'Surrogate Guderley' test problem is developed and used to obviate subtleties inherent to the true Guderley solution's initialization on a square grid, while still maintaining a high degree of fidelity to the original problem, and minimally straining the general credibility of associated analysis and conclusions.

Ramsey, Scott D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shashkov, Mikhail J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Interfacial Transition Zone Bibliography Database  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Saito, M., and Kawamura, M., Effect of Fly Ash and Slag on the Interfacial Zone Between Cement and Aggregate , in ACI SP 114: Fly Ash, Silica ...

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

142

Western Renewable Energy Zones (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation summarizes recent developments and trends pertaining to competitive renewable energy zones, transmission planning and the integration of renewable generation resources.

Hein, J.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

DOE Solar Decathlon: Comfort Zone  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Decathlon Comfort Zone Contest, teams design their houses to keep temperature and humidity steady, uniform, and comfortable. Full points are awarded for maintaining narrow...

144

On distribution and almost convergence of bounded sequences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we give the concepts of properly distributed and simply distributed sequences, and prove that they are almost convergent. Basing on these, we review the work of Feng and Li [Feng, B. Q. and Li, J. L., Some estimations of Banach limits, J. Math. Anal. Appl. 323(2006) No. 1, 481-496. MR2262220 46B45 (46A45).], which is shown to be a special case of our generalized theory.

Chao You; Bao Qi Feng

2008-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

145

Unified communications : convergence of platforms and strategies of two software vendors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unified Communications: Convergence of Platforms and Strategies of Two Software Vendors by Muhammad Zia Hydari ABSTRACT Unified communication (UC) is the convergence of various modes of communication - voice telephony, ...

Hydari, Muhammad Zia

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Local Linear Convergence of Approximate Projections onto Regularized Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The numerical properties of algorithms for finding the intersection of sets depend to some extent on the regularity of the sets, but even more importantly on the regularity of the intersection. The alternating projection algorithm of von Neumann has been shown to converge locally at a linear rate dependent on the regularity modulus of the intersection. In many applications, however, the sets in question come from inexact measurements that are matched to idealized models. It is unlikely that any such problems in applications will enjoy metrically regular intersection, let alone set intersection. We explore a regularization strategy that generates an intersection with the desired regularity properties. The regularization, however, can lead to a significant increase in computational complexity. In a further refinement, we investigate and prove linear convergence of an approximate alternating projection algorithm. The analysis provides a regularization strategy that fits naturally with many ill-posed inverse problems, and a mathematically sound stopping criterion for extrapolated, approximate algorithms. The theory is demonstrated on the phase retrieval problem with experimental data. The conventional early termination applied in practice to unregularized, consistent problems in diffraction imaging can be justified fully in the framework of this analysis providing, for the first time, proof of convergence of alternating approximate projections for finite dimensional, consistent phase retrieval problems.

D. Russell Luke

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

147

Melt generation in the Earth's mantle at Convergent Plate Margins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The five geologic studies presented in this thesis document how the recycling of tectonic plates at subduction zones has a profound effect on the melting behavior of the Earth's mantle. Two experimental studies (Chapters ...

Till, Christy B

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

IS THE TWO MICRON ALL SKY SURVEY CLUSTERING DIPOLE CONVERGENT?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a long-standing controversy about the convergence of the dipole moment of the galaxy angular distribution (the so-called clustering dipole). Is the dipole convergent at all, and if so, what is the scale of the convergence? We study the growth of the clustering dipole of galaxies as a function of the limiting flux of the sample from the Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS). Contrary to some earlier claims, we find that the dipole does not converge before the completeness limit of the 2MASS Extended Source Catalog, i.e., up to 13.5 mag in the near-infrared K{sub s} band (equivalent to an effective distance of 300 Mpc h{sup -1}). We compare the observed growth of the dipole with the theoretically expected, conditional one (i.e., given the velocity of the Local Group relative to the cosmic microwave background), for the {Lambda}CDM power spectrum and cosmological parameters constrained by the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe. The observed growth turns out to be within 1{sigma} confidence level of its theoretical counterpart once the proper observational window of the 2MASS flux-limited catalog is included. For a contrast, if the adopted window is a top hat, then the predicted dipole grows significantly faster and converges (within the errors) to its final value for a distance of about 300 Mpc h{sup -1}. By comparing the observational windows, we show that for a given flux limit and a corresponding distance limit, the 2MASS flux-weighted window passes less large-scale signal than the top-hat one. We conclude that the growth of the 2MASS dipole for effective distances greater than 200 Mpc h{sup -1} is only apparent. On the other hand, for a distance of 80 Mpc h{sup -1} (mean depth of the 2MASS Redshift Survey) and the {Lambda}CDM power spectrum, the true dipole is expected to reach only {approx}80% of its final value. Eventually, since for the window function of 2MASS the predicted growth is consistent with the observed one, we can compare the two to evaluate {beta} {identical_to} {Omega}{sub m}{sup 0.55}/b. The result is {beta} = 0.38 {+-} 0.04, which leads to an estimate of the density parameter {Omega}{sub m} = 0.20 {+-} 0.08.

Bilicki, Maciej; Chodorowski, Michal [Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Center, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Bartycka 18, 00-716, Warsaw (Poland); Jarrett, Thomas [Spitzer Science Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Mamon, Gary A., E-mail: bilicki@camk.edu.pl [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris - UMR 7095 CNRS and UPMC, 98 bis Bd Arago, F-75014 Paris (France)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Zone refining of plutonium metal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The zone refining process was applied to Pu metal containing known amounts of impurities. Rod specimens of plutonium metal were melted into and contained in tantalum boats, each of which was passed horizontally through a three-turn, high-frequency coil in such a manner as to cause a narrow molten zone to pass through the Pu metal rod 10 times. The impurity elements Co, Cr, Fe, Ni, Np, U were found to move in the same direction as the molten zone as predicted by binary phase diagrams. The elements Al, Am, and Ga moved in the opposite direction of the molten zone as predicted by binary phase diagrams. As the impurity alloy was zone refined, {delta}-phase plutonium metal crystals were produced. The first few zone refining passes were more effective than each later pass because an oxide layer formed on the rod surface. There was no clear evidence of better impurity movement at the slower zone refining speed. Also, constant or variable coil power appeared to have no effect on impurity movement during a single run (10 passes). This experiment was the first step to developing a zone refining process for plutonium metal.

Blau, M.S.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Airborne Pseudo-Dual-Doppler Analysis of a Rear-Inflow Jet and Deep Convergence Zone within a Supercell  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 22 May 1995, numerous thunderstorms, several of which produced large hail and small tornadoes, formed along a dryline in the central and northern Texas Panhandle. The only long-lasting, daytime, severe storms developed later, south of the ...

Howard B. Bluestein; Stephen G. Gaddy

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

The Role of Boundary-Layer Convergence Zones and Horizontal Rolls in the Initiation of Thunderstorms: A Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The initiation of thunderstorms is examined through a combined observational and modeling case study. The study is based on Doppler radar, aircraft, mesonet, balloon sounding, and profiler and photographic data from the Convection Initiation and ...

James W. Wilson; G. Brant Foote; N. Andrew Cr?ook; James C. Fankhauser; Charles G. Wade; John D. Tuttle; Cynthia K. Mueller; Steven K. Krueger

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Convergence of Ginzburg-Landau functionals in 3-d superconductivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we consider the asymptotic behavior of the Ginzburg- Landau model for superconductivity in 3-d, in various energy regimes. We rigorously derive, through an analysis via {\\Gamma}-convergence, a reduced model for the vortex density, and we deduce a curvature equation for the vortex lines. In a companion paper, we describe further applications to superconductivity and superfluidity, such as general expressions for the first critical magnetic field H_{c1}, and the critical angular velocity of rotating Bose-Einstein condensates.

Sisto Baldo; Robert L. Jerrard; Giandomenico Orlandi; Mete Soner

2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

153

Climate Zone 1B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 1 and Climate Zone Subtype B. Climate Zone 1B is defined as Dry with...

154

Climate Zone 8B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 8 and Climate Zone Subtype B. Climate Zone 8B is defined as Subarctic...

155

Climate Zones | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Buildings » Building America » Climate Zones Residential Buildings » Building America » Climate Zones Climate Zones Building America determines building practices based on climate zones to achieve the most energy savings in a home. This page offers some general guidelines on the definitions of the various climate regions based on heating degree-days, average temperatures, and precipitation. You can also view the Guide to Determining Climate Regions by County. Hot-Humid A hot-humid climate is generally defined as a region that receives more than 20 in. (50 cm) of annual precipitation and where one or both of the following occur: A 67°F (19.5°C) or higher wet bulb temperature for 3,000 or more hours during the warmest 6 consecutive months of the year; or A 73°F (23°C) or higher wet bulb temperature for 1,500 or more

156

Parallelizable Bayesian Tomography Algorithms with Rapid, Guaranteed Convergence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bayesian tomographic reconstruction algorithms generally require the efficient optimization of a functional of many variables. In this setting, as well as in many other optimization tasks, functional substitution (FS) has been widely applied to simplify each step of the iterative process. The function to be minimized is replaced locally by an approximation having a more easily manipulated form, e.g., quadratic, but which maintains sufficient similarity to descend the true functional while computing only the substitute. In this paper, we provide two new applications of FS methods in iterative coordinate descent for Bayesian tomography. The first is a modification of our coordinate descent algorithm with one-dimensional (1-D) Newton--Raphson approximations to an alternative quadratic which allows convergence to be proven easily. In simulations, we find essentially no difference in convergence speed between the two techniques. We also present a new algorithm which exploits the FS method to allow parallel updates of arbitrary sets of pixels using computations similar to iterative coordinate descent. The theoretical potential speed up of parallel implementations is nearly linear with the number of processors if communication costs are neglected.

Jun Zheng; Suhail S. Saquib; Ken Sauer; Charles A. Bouman

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Alternative Energy Zone (Ohio) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alternative Energy Zone (Ohio) Alternative Energy Zone (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Local Government StateProvincial Govt Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Water Home...

158

Transition Zone Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transition Zone Geothermal Region Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Transition Zone Geothermal Region edit Details Areas (5) Power Plants (0) Projects...

159

Table C10A. Consumption and Gross Energy Intensity by Climate Zone ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4 Zone 5 Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4 Zone 5 Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4 Zone 5 All Buildings ..... 1,086 1,929 1,243 1,386 879 11,529 ...

160

Category:ASHRAE Climate Zones | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ASHRAE Climate Zones ASHRAE Climate Zones Jump to: navigation, search Climate Zones defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standards. Pages in category "ASHRAE Climate Zones" The following 30 pages are in this category, out of 30 total. C Climate Zone 1A Climate Zone 1B Climate Zone 2A Climate Zone 2B Climate Zone 3A Climate Zone 3B Climate Zone 3C Climate Zone 4A Climate Zone 4B Climate Zone 4C C cont. Climate Zone 5A Climate Zone 5B Climate Zone 5C Climate Zone 6A Climate Zone 6B Climate Zone 7A Climate Zone 7B Climate Zone 8A Climate Zone 8B Climate Zone Number 1 C cont. Climate Zone Number 2 Climate Zone Number 3 Climate Zone Number 4 Climate Zone Number 5 Climate Zone Number 6 Climate Zone Number 7 Climate Zone Number 8 Climate Zone Subtype A Climate Zone Subtype B Climate Zone Subtype C Retrieved from

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

A very rapidly convergent product expansion for π - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BIT23 (1983), 538-540. SCIENTIFIC NOTES. A VERY RAPIDLY CONVERGENT PRODUCT. EXPANSION FOR rc. J. M. BORWEIN and P. B. BORWEIN.

162

On the O(1/t) convergence rate of the projection and contraction ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SIAM J. Control and Optimization 34, pp. 1814–1830, 1996. [19] K. Taji, M. Fukushima and I. Ibaraki, A globally convergent Newton mmethod for solving strongly.

163

A globally and R-linearly convergent hybrid HS and PRP method ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 28, 2011 ... used and converges globally and R-linearly for nonconvex functions with an ... where f : Rn ? R is continuously differentiable and its gradient is ...

164

Zone refining of plutonium metal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to investigate zone refining techniques for the purification of plutonium metal. The redistribution of 10 impurity elements from zone melting was examined. Four tantalum boats were loaded with plutonium impurity alloy, placed in a vacuum furnace, heated to 700{degrees}C, and held at temperature for one hour. Ten passes were made with each boat. Metallographic and chemical analyses performed on the plutonium rods showed that, after 10 passes, moderate movement of certain elements were achieved. Molten zone speeds of 1 or 2 inches per hour had no effect on impurity element movement. Likewise, the application of constant or variable power had no effect on impurity movement. The study implies that development of a zone refining process to purify plutonium is feasible. Development of a process will be hampered by two factors: (1) the effect on impurity element redistribution of the oxide layer formed on the exposed surface of the material is not understood, and (2) the tantalum container material is not inert in the presence of plutonium. Cold boat studies are planned, with higher temperature and vacuum levels, to determine the effect on these factors. 5 refs., 1 tab., 5 figs.

NONE

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Overlap zoned electrically heated particulate filter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system includes a particulate matter (PM) filter that includes an upstream end for receiving exhaust gas and a downstream end. A zoned heater is arranged spaced from the upstream end and comprises N zones, where N is an integer greater than one, wherein each of the N zones comprises M sub-zones, where M is an integer greater than or equal to one, and wherein the N zones and the M sub-zones are arranged in P layers, where P is an integer greater than one. A control module selectively activates at least a selected one of the N zones to initiate regeneration in downstream portions of the PM filter from the one of the N zones and deactivates non-selected ones of the N zones.

Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI; Chapman, Mark R [Brighton, MI

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

166

Socio-technical analysis of Korea's broadband convergence network: Big plans, big projects, big prospects?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this study is to investigate the policy objectives of the broadband convergence network (BcN) and the realization of objectives. The Korean government launched the BcN project with the objective of converting Korea into an information society ... Keywords: Broadband, Broadband convergence network, Socio-technical systems theory, South Korea

Dong-Hee Shin; Jaemin Jung

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Convergency analysis of the high-order mimetic finite difference method  

SciTech Connect

We prove second-order convergence of the conservative variable and its flux in the high-order MFD method. The convergence results are proved for unstructured polyhedral meshes and full tensor diffusion coefficients. For the case of non-constant coefficients, we also develop a new family of high-order MFD methods. Theoretical result are confirmed through numerical experiments.

Lipnikov, Konstantin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Veiga Da Beirao, L [UNIV DEGLI STUDI; Manzini, G [NON LANL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Voice and Data Network of Convergence and the Application of Voice over IP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper looks at emerging technologies for converging voice and data networks and telephony transport over a data network using Internet Protocols. Considered are the benefits and drivers for this convergence. The paper describes these new technologies, how they are being used, and their application to Sandia.

Eldridge, J.M.

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Convergent close-coupling calculations of positron-magnesium scattering  

SciTech Connect

The single-center convergent close-coupling method has been applied to positron-magnesium scattering at incident energies from 0.01 to 100 eV. Cross sections are presented for elastic scattering and excitation of 3 {sup 1}P, as well as for the total ionization and total scattering processes. We also provide an estimate of the positronium formation cross section. The results agree very well with the measurements of the total cross section by Stein et al. [Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 143, 68 (1998)], and consistent with the positronium formation measurements of Surdutovich et al. [Phys. Rev. A 68, 022709 (2003)] for positron energies above the ionization threshold. For energies below the positronium formation threshold (0.8 eV) we find a large P-wave resonance at 0.17 eV. A similar resonance behavior was found by Mitroy and Bromley [Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 173001 (2007)] at an energy of 0.1 eV.

Savage, Jeremy S.; Fursa, Dmitry V.; Bray, Igor [ARC Centre for Antimatter-Matter Studies, Curtin University of Technology, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845 (Australia)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

170

Enterprise Zone Program (Alabama) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alabama) Alabama) Enterprise Zone Program (Alabama) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Alabama Program Type Enterprise Zone Provider Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs The Enterprise Zone Program provides certain tax incentives to corporations, partnerships and proprietorships that locate or expand within designated Enterprise Zones. In addition to state-level tax incentives, businesses may also receive local tax and non-tax incentives for locating or expanding within a designated Enterprise Zone. Section 5 of the Alabama Enterprise Zone Program offers the following tax incentives: Credit based

171

Renewable Energy Renaissance Zones | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Renaissance Zones Renewable Energy Renaissance Zones Renewable Energy Renaissance Zones < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Local Government Savings Category Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Heating & Cooling Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Wind Maximum Rebate None Program Info Start Date 07/12/2006 State Michigan Program Type Industry Recruitment/Support Rebate Amount 100% abatement of Michigan Business Tax, state education tax, personal and real property taxes, and local income taxes Provider Michigan Economic Development Corporation In 2006, Michigan enacted legislation allowing for the creation of Renewable Energy Renaissance Zones (RERZ). Renaissance zones -- renewable energy renaissance zones are just one type -- offer significant tax

172

Enterprise Zone Program (Louisiana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Enterprise Zone Program (Louisiana) Enterprise Zone Program (Louisiana) Enterprise Zone Program (Louisiana) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Nonprofit Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Louisiana Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Enterprise Zone Provider Louisiana Economic Development The Enterprise Zone Program is a jobs incentive program providing Louisiana income and franchise tax credits to businesses hiring at least 35% of net, new jobs from targeted groups. Enterprise Zones (EZs) are areas with high unemployment, low income, or a high percentage of residents receiving some

173

Unsaturated Zone and Saturated Zone Transport Properties (U0100)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Analysis/Model Report (AMR) summarizes transport properties for the lower unsaturated zone hydrogeologic units and the saturated zone at Yucca Mountain and provides a summary of data from the Busted Butte Unsaturated Zone Transport Test (UZTT). The purpose of this report is to summarize the sorption and transport knowledge relevant to flow and transport in the units below Yucca Mountain and to provide backup documentation for the sorption parameters decided upon for each rock type. Because of the complexity of processes such as sorption, and because of the lack of direct data for many conditions that may be relevant for Yucca Mountain, data from systems outside of Yucca Mountain are also included. The data reported in this AMR will be used in Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) calculations and as general scientific support for various Process Model Reports (PMRs) requiring knowledge of the transport properties of different materials. This report provides, but is not limited to, sorption coefficients and other relevant thermodynamic and transport properties for the radioisotopes of concern, especially neptunium (Np), plutonium (Pu), Uranium (U), technetium (Tc), iodine (I), and selenium (Se). The unsaturated-zone (UZ) transport properties in the vitric Calico Hills (CHv) are discussed, as are colloidal transport data based on the Busted Butte UZTT, the saturated tuff, and alluvium. These values were determined through expert elicitation, direct measurements, and data analysis. The transport parameters include information on interactions of the fractures and matrix. In addition, core matrix permeability data from the Busted Butte UZTT are summarized by both percent alteration and dispersion.

J. Conca

2000-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

174

The Border Cities Enterprise Zone Program (Minnesota)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Border Cities Enterprise Zone Program provides business tax credits to businesses that invest, develop, expand, and create jobs in identified Border-Cities Enterprise Zones. Companies may be...

175

Enterprise Zone Real Property Investment Grant (Virginia)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Enterprise Zone Real Property Investment Grant provides qualified zone investors with cash grants for industrial, commercial or mixed use property. The grant is equal to 20% of the excess...

176

Enterprise Zone Sales Tax Exemption (Kansas)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Enterprise Zone Sales Tax Exemption offers businesses located in such economic development zones a 100 percent sales tax exemption on the purchase of labor and materials to construct or remodel...

177

Gulf of California Rift Zone Geothermal Region | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of California Rift Zone Geothermal Region (Redirected from Gulf of California Rift Zone) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Gulf of California Rift Zone...

178

Allegan County, Michigan ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Allegan County, Michigan ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Allegan County, Michigan ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

179

Becker County, Minnesota ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Becker County, Minnesota ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Becker County, Minnesota ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

180

Anchorage Borough, Alaska ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anchorage Borough, Alaska ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Anchorage Borough, Alaska ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Benton County, Tennessee ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tennessee ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Benton County, Tennessee ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number Climate...

182

Arapahoe County, Colorado ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Arapahoe County, Colorado ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Arapahoe County, Colorado ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

183

Alfalfa County, Oklahoma ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alfalfa County, Oklahoma ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Alfalfa County, Oklahoma ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

184

Augusta County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Augusta County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Augusta County, Virginia ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

185

Benton County, Minnesota ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Minnesota ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Benton County, Minnesota ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number Climate...

186

Barron County, Wisconsin ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Barron County, Wisconsin ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Barron County, Wisconsin ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

187

Bedford County, Tennessee ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bedford County, Tennessee ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Bedford County, Tennessee ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

188

Audrain County, Missouri ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Audrain County, Missouri ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Audrain County, Missouri ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

189

Anderson County, Kentucky ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anderson County, Kentucky ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Anderson County, Kentucky ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

190

Adams County, Pennsylvania ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pennsylvania ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Adams County, Pennsylvania ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number...

191

Ballard County, Kentucky ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ballard County, Kentucky ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Ballard County, Kentucky ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

192

Ashland County, Wisconsin ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ashland County, Wisconsin ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Ashland County, Wisconsin ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

193

Accomack County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Accomack County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Accomack County, Virginia ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

194

Benton County, Washington ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Washington ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Benton County, Washington ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number Climate...

195

Asotin County, Washington ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Asotin County, Washington ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Asotin County, Washington ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

196

Two-scale convergence for locally-periodic microstructures and homogenization of plywood structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The generalization of the notion of the two-scale convergence defined for periodic microstructures to the locally-periodic situation is the main aim of this article. The compactness theorem for the locally-periodic two-scale convergence is proven. Then, the locally-periodic two-scale convergence is applied to derive macroscopic equations for a linear elasticity problem defined in domains with locally-periodic and non-periodic plywood microstructures. The fully non-periodic microstructure is approximated by a locally-periodic domain, under regularity assumptions on the transformation matrix, described considered microstructures.

Ptashnyk, Mariya

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Property:ASHRAE 169 Climate Zone Subtype | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ASHRAE 169 Climate Zone Subtype ASHRAE 169 Climate Zone Subtype Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "ASHRAE 169 Climate Zone Subtype" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Abbeville County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Subtype A + Acadia Parish, Louisiana ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Subtype A + Accomack County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Subtype A + Ada County, Idaho ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Subtype B + Adair County, Iowa ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Subtype A + Adair County, Kentucky ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Subtype A + Adair County, Missouri ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Subtype A +

198

Property:ASHRAE 169 Climate Zone Number | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Number Number Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "ASHRAE 169 Climate Zone Number" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Abbeville County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 3 + Acadia Parish, Louisiana ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 2 + Accomack County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 4 + Ada County, Idaho ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 5 + Adair County, Iowa ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 5 + Adair County, Kentucky ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 4 + Adair County, Missouri ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 5 + Adair County, Oklahoma ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone + Climate Zone Number 3 +

199

Enterprise Zone Program (Georgia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Georgia) Georgia) Enterprise Zone Program (Georgia) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Georgia Program Type Enterprise Zone Personal Tax Incentives Property Tax Incentive Provider Georgia Department of Community Affairs The Enterprise Zone Program provides various tax incentives to businesses within designated underdeveloped zones in rural or urban areas. The State Enterprise Zone program intends to improve geographic areas within cities

200

Enterprise Zones (Iowa) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Zones (Iowa) Zones (Iowa) Enterprise Zones (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Iowa Program Type Enterprise Zone Industry Recruitment/Support Training/Technical Assistance Provider Iowa Economic Development Authority The Enterprise Zones Program is an incentive for business expansion designed to stimulate development by targeting economically distressed areas in Iowa. Through state and local tax incentives, businesses and developers are encouraged to make new investments, and create or retain

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Geothermal Lost Circulation Zone Mapping Tool  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lost circulation is an expensive and often encountered problem when drilling into geothermal formations. A method is needed to more accurately describe loss zones encountered during geothermal drilling to allow for more realistic testing since present testing techniques are inadequate. A Lost Circulation Zone Mapping Tool (LCZMT) is being developed that will quickly locate a loss zone and then provide a visual image of this zone as it intersects the wellbore. A modified Sandia high temperature Acoustic Borehole Televiewer should allow modeling of geothermal loss zones, which would in turn lead to testing that can be performed to evaluate lost circulation materials under simulated downhole conditions. 5 refs., 5 figs.

Bauman, T.J.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Zoned heating and air conditioning system  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a zoned heating and air conditioning system comprising: a central air handling system with an air heating means and an air cooling means and a blower connected to an air duct system; thermostats each have heating and cooling set points, respectively associated with and located in different zones of a building; dampers respectively associated with each building zone positioned in the air duct system. Each damper has an open position allowing air into the respective zone from the duct system and a closed position; relay means for connecting one thermostat to the air handling system upon a call for heating or cooling by one thermostat and disconnecting all other thermostats by connecting one thermostat's connections between the thermostat and air handling system. Only one thermostat is connected to the air handling system at a time and the relay means disconnects one thermostat from the air handling system after one thermostat is satisified; and damper actuating means for unlocking each damper in one building zone responsive actuated by a respective zone thermostat connected to the air handling system by the relay means. The damper actuates means including a damper solenoid for each damper located adjacent each damper and connected to a respective zone thermostat. It unlocks each damper in one building zone responsive to being actuated by the respective zone thermostat and unlocks the dampers in one building zone when one thermostat is actuated while preventing the dampers in another thermostat's building zone from unlocking.

Beachboard, S.A.

1987-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

203

Overview: Zoning for Small Wind Turbines  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Overview: Overview: Zoning for Small Wind Turbines Jim Green NREL ASES Small Wind Division Webinar January 17, 2008 2 Zoning Basics * Zoning is one form of land use law * Based on legal principle of "police power:" the power to regulate in order to promote the health, morals, safety, and general welfare of the community * Zoning authority originates from state laws called "zoning enabling legislation" - Standard Zoning Enabling Act, Dept. of Commerce, 1920s * Enabling legislation delegates land use authority to local jurisdictions, "Home Rule" - counties, parishes, boroughs, townships, municipalities, cities, villages, etc. 3 Zoning is Daunting * 3,034 counties (National Association of Counties) * 16,504 townships * 19,429 municipalities (National League of Cities)

204

Enhanced Enterprise Zones (Missouri) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Enhanced Enterprise Zones (Missouri) Enhanced Enterprise Zones (Missouri) Enhanced Enterprise Zones (Missouri) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Missouri Program Type Enterprise Zone Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Missouri Department of Economic Development Enhanced Enterprise Zones aim at attracting new businesses or promoting an expansion of existing business in Missouri Enhanced Enterprise Zone. Tax credits will be an amount authorized by DED, based on the state economic benefit, supported by the number of new jobs, wages and new capital investment that the project will create. To qualify, individual business eligibility will be determined by the zone, based on creation of

205

Energy Systems Integration: A Convergence of Ideas | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Systems Integration: A Convergence of Ideas Energy Systems Integration: A Convergence of Ideas Home > Groups > Energy Systems Integration Aaronbeach's picture Submitted by Aaronbeach(16) Member 8 August, 2012 - 11:44 NREL is exploring a unique system-of-systems concept to energy systems integration. This approach considers the relationships among electricity, thermal, and fuel systems and data and information networks to ensure optimal integration and interoperability across the entire energy system spectrum. Learn more about this new approach to energy systems integration, read Energy Systems Integration: A Convergence of Ideas PDF .Upload Files: application/pdf icon Energy Systems Integration: A Convergence of Ideas. Groups: Energy Systems Integration Login to post comments Comments Aaronbeach

206

Numerically Converged Solutions of the Global Primitive Equations for Testing the Dynamical Core of Atmospheric GCMs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solutions of the dry, adiabatic, primitive equations are computed, for the first time, to numerical convergence. These solutions consist of the short-time evolution of a slightly perturbed, baroclinically unstable, midlatitude jet, initially ...

L. M. Polvani; R. K. Scott; S. J. Thomas

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

A priori convergence of the Greedy algorithm for the parametrized reduced basis method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The convergence and efficiency of the reduced basis method used for the approximation of the solutions to a class of problems written as a parametrized PDE depends heavily on the choice of the elements that constitute the ...

Buffa, Annalisa

208

Exponential convergence to equilibrium for subcritical solutions of the Becker-Döring equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove that any subcritical solution to the Becker-D\\"{o}ring equations converges exponentially fast to the unique steady state with same mass. Our convergence result is quantitative and we show that the rate of exponential decay is governed by the spectral gap for the linearized equation, for which several bounds are provided. This improves the known convergence result by Jabin & Niethammer (see ref. [14]). Our approach is based on a careful spectral analysis of the linearized Becker-D\\"oring equation (which is new to our knowledge) in both a Hilbert setting and in certain weighted $\\ell^1$ spaces. This spectral analysis is then combined with uniform exponential moment bounds of solutions in order to obtain a convergence result for the nonlinear equation.

José A. Cañizo; Bertrand Lods

2012-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

209

The Pugh Controlled Convergence Method: Model-Based Evaluation and Implications for Design Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper evaluates the Pugh Controlled Convergence method and its relationship to recent developments in design theory. Computer executable models are proposed simulating a team of people involved in iterated cycles of ...

Wijnia, Ype

210

The Role of Offshore Convergence on Coastal Rainfall during TAMEX IOP 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of offshore convergence on the coastal rainfall maximum along the northwestern coast of Taiwan is analyzed based on TAMEX (Taiwan Area Mesoscale Experiment) data and numerical experiments using the fifth-generation Pennsylvania State ...

Hsi-Chyi Yeh; Yi-Leng Chen

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

The management of transmedia production in an era of media and digital convergence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the digital and media convergence era hits its full stride and media companies struggle to maintain profitability in sectors of the entertainment industry, the production of transmedia experiences is becoming more ...

Merkin, Andrew D. (Andrew David)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Thunderstorm Initiation, Organization, and Lifetime Associated with Florida Boundary Layer Convergence Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The initiation, organization, and longevity of thunderstorms associated with boundary layer convergence lines in the Cape Canaveral, Florida, vicinity are examined using data from the Convection and Precipitation/Electrification (CaPE) ...

James W. Wilson; Daniel L. Megenhardt

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Evaluation of model parameter convergence when using data assimilation for soil moisture estimation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data assimilation (DA) methods are commonly used for finding a compromise between imperfect observations and uncertain model predictions. The estimation of model states and parameters has been widely recognized, but the convergence of estimated ...

Gift Dumedah; Jeffrey P. Walker

214

A Numerical Case Study of Convection Initiation along Colliding Convergence Boundaries in Northeast Colorado  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical cloud model has been used to simulate convective storm development on 17 July 1987 in northeast Colorado. The study involves the simulation of convergence along atmospheric boundaries and the subsequent development of convection. The ...

Bruce D. Lee; Richard D. Farley; Mark R. Hjelmfelt

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Convergence analysis of a CMFD method based on generalized equivalence theory  

SciTech Connect

CMFD acceleration methods have been successful in reducing the computational burden for steady-state and transient reactor calculations. However, recent work on a complex coupled code BWR ATWS event has exposed possible issues with the stability of the CMFD method when standard CMFD methods are used. During the simulation of the ATWS boron injection event in the BWR, the PARCS code failed to converge with the existing CMFD method. A new CMFD method based on generalized equivalence theory was developed and the PARCS solution converged for the same ATWS event. This paper presents the new method and a detailed analytic and numerical convergence analysis. The results show that the new CMFD converges for all possible cross sections combinations anticipated in Light Water Reactor simulation and unlike existing CMFD methods, it is very robust even when the initial guess is far from final true solution. (authors)

Xu, Y. [Argonne National Laboratory, Bldg. 208, 9700 South Case Ave., Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Downar, T. [Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, Univ. of Michigan, 2355 Bonisteel Blvd, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2104 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Global convergence of diluted iterations in maximum-likelihood quantum tomography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we present an inexact stepsize selection for the Diluted R\\rho R algorithm, used to obtain the maximum likelihood estimate to the density matrix in quantum state tomography. We give a new interpretation for the diluted R\\rho R iterations that allows us to prove the global convergence under weaker assumptions. Thus, we propose a new algorithm which is globally convergent and suitable for practical implementation.

D. S. Gonçalves; M. A. Gomes-Ruggiero; C. Lavor

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

217

Property:Buildings/ModelClimateZone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ModelClimateZone ModelClimateZone Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. It links to pages that use the form Buildings Model. The allowed values for this property are: Climate Zone 1A Climate Zone 1B Climate Zone 2A Climate Zone 2B Climate Zone 3A Climate Zone 3B Climate Zone 3C Climate Zone 4A Climate Zone 4B Climate Zone 4C Climate Zone 5A Climate Zone 5B Climate Zone 5C Climate Zone 6A Climate Zone 6B Climate Zone 7A Climate Zone 7B Climate Zone 8A Climate Zone 8B Pages using the property "Buildings/ModelClimateZone" Showing 12 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + Climate Zone 5A + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load Baseline + Climate Zone 5A + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + Climate Zone 5A +

218

U.S. Climate Zones Map for Commercial Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Past Climate Zones U. S. Climate Zones for 1979-1999 CBECS: climate zone map Return to Climate Zones for 2003 CBECS Return to CBECS Home Page Note:Map updated with corrections,...

219

U.S. Climate Zones Map for Commercial Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Climate Zone U. S. Climate Zones for 2003 CBECS: climate zones map Note:Map updated with corrections, February 2012 Further Explanation on How Climate Zones are Defined...

220

Displacement Transfer Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Displacement Transfer Zone Displacement Transfer Zone Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Displacement Transfer Zone Dictionary.png Displacement Transfer Zone: Displacement transfer zones facilitate the transfer of strain between normal and strike-slip faults. Intersections between strike-slip faults in the Walker Lane and N- to NNE-striking normal faults commonly host geothermal systems, focused along the normal faults proximal to their dilational intersections with nearby strike-slip faults. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Controlling Structures List of controlling structures typically associated with geothermal systems: Major Normal Fault Termination of a Major Normal Fault Stepover or Relay Ramp in Normal Fault Zones Apex or Salient of Normal Fault

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Climate Zone 5A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zone 5A Zone 5A Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 5 and Climate Zone Subtype A. Climate Zone 5A is defined as Cool- Humid with IP Units 5400 < HDD65ºF ≤ 7200 and SI Units 3000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 4000 . The following places are categorized as class 5A climate zones: Adair County, Iowa Adair County, Missouri Adams County, Illinois Adams County, Indiana Adams County, Iowa Adams County, Nebraska Adams County, Pennsylvania Albany County, New York Allegan County, Michigan Alleghany County, North Carolina Allegheny County, Pennsylvania Allen County, Indiana Allen County, Ohio Andrew County, Missouri Antelope County, Nebraska Appanoose County, Iowa Armstrong County, Pennsylvania Arthur County, Nebraska

222

Climate Zone 5B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone 5B Climate Zone 5B Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 5 and Climate Zone Subtype B. Climate Zone 5B is defined as Dry with IP Units 5400 < HDD65ºF ≤ 7200 and SI Units 3000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 4000 . The following places are categorized as class 5B climate zones: Ada County, Idaho Adams County, Colorado Adams County, Washington Apache County, Arizona Arapahoe County, Colorado Asotin County, Washington Baker County, Oregon Beaver County, Utah Benewah County, Idaho Bent County, Colorado Benton County, Washington Boulder County, Colorado Broomfield County, Colorado Canyon County, Idaho Carson City County, Nevada Cassia County, Idaho Catron County, New Mexico Chelan County, Washington Cheyenne County, Colorado

223

Climate Zone Number 1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone Number 1 Climate Zone Number 1 Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard. Climate Zone Number 1 is defined as Very Hot - Humid(1A) with IP Units 9000 < CDD50ºF and SI Units 5000 < CDD10ºC Dry(1B) with IP Units 9000 < CDD50ºF and SI Units 5000 < CDD10ºC . The following places are categorized as class 1 climate zones: Broward County, Florida Hawaii County, Hawaii Honolulu County, Hawaii Kalawao County, Hawaii Kauai County, Hawaii Maui County, Hawaii Miami-Dade County, Florida Monroe County, Florida Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Climate_Zone_Number_1&oldid=21604" Category: ASHRAE Climate Zones What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

224

Enterprise Zone Program (Texas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Enterprise Zone Program (Texas) Enterprise Zone Program (Texas) Enterprise Zone Program (Texas) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Texas Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Enterprise Zone Provider Texas Wide Open for Business The Enterprise Zone Program eligible projects to apply for state sales and use tax refunds on purchases of all taxable items purchased for use at qualified business sites related to the project or activity. The level and amount of refund is related to the capital investment and jobs created at the qualified business site. In addition, local communities must offer incentives to participants under the enterprise zone program, such as tax

225

Climate Zone 3B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone 3B Climate Zone 3B Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 3 and Climate Zone Subtype B. Climate Zone 3B is defined as Dry with IP Units 4500 < CDD50ºF ≤ 6300 and SI Units 2500 < CDD10ºC < 3500 . The following places are categorized as class 3B climate zones: Andrews County, Texas Baylor County, Texas Borden County, Texas Brewster County, Texas Butte County, California Callahan County, Texas Chaves County, New Mexico Childress County, Texas Clark County, Nevada Cochise County, Arizona Coke County, Texas Coleman County, Texas Collingsworth County, Texas Colusa County, California Concho County, Texas Contra Costa County, California Cottle County, Texas Crane County, Texas Crockett County, Texas

226

Coastal Zone Management Act | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zone Management Act Zone Management Act Jump to: navigation, search Statute Name Coastal Zone Management Act Year 1972 Url [[File:|160px|link=]] Description The Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 (CZMA; Pub.L. 92-583, 86 Stat. 1280, enacted October 27, 1972, 16 U.S.C. §§ 1451-1464, Chapter 33) is an Act of Congress passed in 1972 to encourage coastal states to develop and implement coastal zone management plans (CZMPs). This act was established as a United States National policy to preserve, protect, develop, and where possible, restore or enhance, the resources of the Nation's coastal zone for this and succeeding generations. References Wikipedia[1] National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration[2] The U.S. Congress recognized the importance of meeting the challenge of

227

Climate Zone 2A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone 2A Climate Zone 2A Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 2 and Climate Zone Subtype A. Climate Zone 2A is defined as Hot - Humid with IP Units 6300 < CDD50ºF ≤ 9000 and SI Units 3500 < CDD10ºC ≤ 5000 . The following places are categorized as class 2A climate zones: Acadia Parish, Louisiana Alachua County, Florida Allen Parish, Louisiana Anderson County, Texas Angelina County, Texas Appling County, Georgia Aransas County, Texas Ascension Parish, Louisiana Assumption Parish, Louisiana Atascosa County, Texas Atkinson County, Georgia Austin County, Texas Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana Bacon County, Georgia Baker County, Florida Baker County, Georgia Baldwin County, Alabama Bastrop County, Texas

228

Enterprise Zone Incentives (Florida) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incentives (Florida) Incentives (Florida) Enterprise Zone Incentives (Florida) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fuel Distributor Industrial Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Florida Program Type Enterprise Zone Provider Florida Department of Economic Opportunity Enterprise Zone Incentives encourage business growth within certain geographic areas targeted for economic revitalization. Businesses which create jobs within a designated zone are eligible for several tax incentives, including sales and use tax credit, tax refunds for machinery or equipment, sales tax refund for building materials, and a sales tax exemption for electrical energy

229

Streamside Management Zones (Montana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Streamside Management Zones (Montana) Streamside Management Zones (Montana) Streamside Management Zones (Montana) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Montana Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation This chapter sets streamside management zones as encompassing a strip at

230

A Prognostic Relationship for Entrainment Zone Thickness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thickness of the entrainment zone at the top of the atmospheric mixed layer is analyzed using measurements made with a ground-based lidar during the BLX83 and CIRCE field programs. When the entrainment-zone depth normalized by mixed-layer ...

Eric Nelson; Roland Stull; Edwin Eloranta

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Climate Zone 7B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

B B Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 7 and Climate Zone Subtype B. Climate Zone 7A is defined as Very Cold with IP Units 9000 < HDD65ºF ≤ 12600 and SI Units 5000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 7000 . The following places are categorized as class 7B climate zones: Clear Creek County, Colorado Grand County, Colorado Gunnison County, Colorado Hinsdale County, Colorado Jackson County, Colorado Lake County, Colorado Lincoln County, Wyoming Mineral County, Colorado Park County, Colorado Pitkin County, Colorado Rio Grande County, Colorado Routt County, Colorado San Juan County, Colorado Sublette County, Wyoming Summit County, Colorado Teton County, Wyoming Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Climate_Zone_7B&oldid=2161

232

Applied Field Research Initiative Deep Vadose Zone  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Applied Field Research Initiative Applied Field Research Initiative Deep Vadose Zone Located on the Hanford Site in Richland, Washington, the Deep Vadose Zone Applied Field Research Initiative (DVZ AFRI) was established to protect water resources by addressing the challenge of preventing contamination in the deep vadose zone from reaching groundwater. Led by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, the Initiative is a collaborative effort that leverages Department of Energy (DOE) investments in basic science and applied research and the work of site contractors to address the complex deep vadose zone contamination challenges. Challenge Many vadose zone environments within the DOE complex consist of complex stratified layers of unconsolidated and water-unsaturated sediments that are, in many places, con-

233

Climate Zone 6B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Climate Zone 6B Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 6 and Climate Zone Subtype B. Climate Zone 6B is defined as Dry with IP Units 7200 < HDD65ºF ≤ 9000 and SI Units 4000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 5000 . The following places are categorized as class 6B climate zones: Adams County, Idaho Alamosa County, Colorado Albany County, Wyoming Alpine County, California Archuleta County, Colorado Bannock County, Idaho Bear Lake County, Idaho Beaverhead County, Montana Big Horn County, Montana Big Horn County, Wyoming

234

Climate Zone 4C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Climate Zone 4C Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 4 and Climate Zone Subtype C. Climate Zone 4C is defined as Mixed - Marine with IP Units 3600 < HDD65ºF ≤ 5400 and SI Units 2000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 3000 . The following places are categorized as class 4C climate zones: Benton County, Oregon Clackamas County, Oregon Clallam County, Washington Clark County, Washington Clatsop County, Oregon Columbia County, Oregon Coos County, Oregon Cowlitz County, Washington Curry County, Oregon Douglas County, Oregon

235

Converging sequences in the ab initio no-core shell model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate the existence of multiple converging sequences in the ab initio no-core shell model. By examining the underlying theory of effective operators, we expose the physical foundations for the alternative pathways to convergence. This leads us to propose a revised strategy for evaluating effective interactions for $A$-body calculations in restricted model spaces. We suggest that this strategy is particularly useful for applications to nuclear processes in which states of both parities are used simultaneously, such as for transition rates. We demonstrate the utility of our strategy with large-scale calculations in light nuclei.

C. Forssén; J. P. Vary; E. Caurier; P. Navrátil

2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

236

Category:County Climate Zones | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County Climate Zones County Climate Zones Jump to: navigation, search This category contains county climate zone information in the United States of America. Contents: Top - 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Pages in category "County Climate Zones" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 3,141 total. (previous 200) (next 200) A Abbeville County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Acadia Parish, Louisiana ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Accomack County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Ada County, Idaho ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Adair County, Iowa ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Adair County, Kentucky ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Adair County, Missouri ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Adair County, Oklahoma ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone

237

Distribution of Energy and Convergence to Equilibria in Extended Dissipative Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distribution of Energy and Convergence to Equilibria in Extended Dissipative Systems Thierry Gallay the energy density e # 0 satisfies an evolution law of the form # t e = div x f -d, where -f is the energy flux and d # 0 the energy dissipation rate. We also suppose that |f | 2 # b(e)d for some nonnegative

Gallay, Thierry

238

Distribution of Energy and Convergence to Equilibria in Extended Dissipative Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distribution of Energy and Convergence to Equilibria in Extended Dissipative Systems Thierry Gallay partial differential equa- tions on unbounded spatial domains. We consider systems for which the energy density e 0 satisfies an evolution law of the form te = divxf - d, where -f is the energy flux and d 0

Gallay, Thierry

239

Spike transmission on diverging/converging neural network and its implementation on a multilevel modeling platform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A multiple layers neural network characterized by diverging/converging projections between successive layers activated by an external spatio-temporal input pattern in presence of stochastic background activities was considered. In the previous studies ... Keywords: multilevel modeling, spatio-temporal firing patterns, synfire chain

Yoshiyuki Asai; Alessandro E. P. Villa

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Discrete dynamics of complex bodies with substructural dissipation: variational integrators and convergence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For the linearized setting of the dynamics of complex bodies we construct variational integrators and prove their convergence by making use of BV estimates on the rate fields. We allow for peculiar substructural inertia and internal dissipation, all accounted for by a d'Alembert-Lagrange-type principle.

Matteo Focardi; Paolo Maria Mariano

2008-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Finding research trend of convergence technology based on Korean R&D network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditionally, collaboration network or citation network is used to answer the old question how scientists or engineers interact with each other. This paper introduces a R&D network to make up the missing aspect of the traditional approaches about using ... Keywords: Convergence technology, Network construction, R&D, Social network

Jae Hoon Jin; Sang Chan Park; Chong Un Pyon

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

On the superlinear local convergence of a filter-SQP method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with penalty term. Instead, the the .... i?E?I. (yk)i?xxci(xk). To ensure global convergence, filter methods evaluate the quality of a search direction by using ... Enter restoration phase to find a point xk acceptable to the filter Fk such that. QP(

243

Novelty-Knowledge Alignment: A Theory of Design Convergence in Systems Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent research emphasizing the need for more business knowledge in information technology IT units and more technical knowledge in line functions largely overlooks the question of when maintaining either form of such "peripheral" knowledge-a ... Keywords: Design Convergence, Iteration, Novelty, Oscillations, Peripheral Knowledge, Systems Development

Amrit Tiwana

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Physical and Logical Security Convergence: Powered By Enterprise Security Management: Powered By Enterprise Security Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Government and companies have already invested hundreds of millions of dollars in the convergence of physical and logical security solutions, but there are no books on the topic.This book begins with an overall explanation of information security, ... Keywords: Computer Science, Security

Brian T. Contos; Steve Hunt; Colby Derodeff

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Convergence acceleration techniques in CAD systems for grounding analysis in layered soils  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by ground rods vertically thrusted in certain places of the substation site. Thus, when a fault conditionConvergence acceleration techniques in CAD systems for grounding analysis in layered soils I a numerical formulation based on the Boundary Element Method for the analysis of grounding systems embedded

Colominas, Ignasi

246

The Gel'fand-Levitan-Krein method and the globally convergent method for experimental data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of numerical performances of two methods for coefficient inverse problems is described. The first one is the classical Gel'fand-Levitan-Krein equation method, and the second one is the recently developed approximately globally convergent numerical method. This comparison is performed for both computationally simulated and experimental data.

Andrey L. Karchevsky; Michael V. Klibanov; Lam Nguyen; Natee Pantong; Anders Sullivan

2013-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

247

Efficient basis for the Dicke Model I: theory and convergence in energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An extended bosonic coherent basis has been shown by Chen to provide numerically exact solutions of the finite-size Dicke model. The advantages in employing this basis, as compared with the photon number (Fock) basis, are exhibited to be valid for a large region of the Hamiltonian parameter space by analyzing the converged values of the ground state energy.

Miguel Angel Bastarrachea-Magnani; Jorge G. Hirsch

2013-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

248

Convergence of Singular Limits for Multi-D Semilinear Hyperbolic Systems to Parabolic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Convergence of Singular Limits for Multi-D Semilinear Hyperbolic Systems to Parabolic Systems systems to parabolic systems. The singular limits are studied combining Tartar's and G#19;erard of the system. Key words and phrases: Hyperbolic systems, parabolic systems, pseudodi#11;erential oper- ators

249

Micro/Macro and Soft/Hard: Diverging and Converging Issues in the Physical and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 Micro/Macro and Soft/Hard: Diverging and Converging Issues in the Physical and Social Sciences 1 explanation. However, a nation, a region, a city, a village, or a neighborhood will hardly be able LEVELS OR WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE? In every living thing what we call the parts is so inseparable from

von Storch, Hans

250

A Numerical Study to Investigate the Relationship between Moisture Convergence Patterns and Orography in Central Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines small-scale orographic effects on atmospheric moisture convergence at the ridge–valley scale in the Grande de Santiago River basin in central Mexico during a major monsoon storm on 13–14 August 1999. The simulation was ...

S. Bhushan; A. P. Barros

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Fast-converging scheduling and routing algorithms for WiMAX mesh networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present fast converging algorithms that fit well WiMAX mesh networks. First, a centralized scheduling algorithm is presented. It calculates schedules by transforming the multi-hop tree into a single hop, and then repartitioning the ... Keywords: WiMAX, mesh networks, routing, scheduling

Salim Nahle; Naceur Malouch

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Convergence of Bio Info Nano Eco: Global Public Goods and Economic Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article is about convergence and why not. How about a ride to space in an elevator? Why not? A single nanotube could stretch from earth to the stratosphere and be able to support its own weight. This fact spurred NASA ...

Datta, Shoumen

2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

253

Climate Zone Number 7 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone Number 7 Climate Zone Number 7 Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard. Climate Zone Number 7 is defined as Very Cold with IP Units 9000 < HDD65ºF ≤ 12600 and SI Units 5000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 7000 . The following places are categorized as class 7 climate zones: Aitkin County, Minnesota Aleutians East Borough, Alaska Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska Anchorage Borough, Alaska Aroostook County, Maine Ashland County, Wisconsin Baraga County, Michigan Barnes County, North Dakota Bayfield County, Wisconsin Becker County, Minnesota Beltrami County, Minnesota Benson County, North Dakota Bottineau County, North Dakota Bristol Bay Borough, Alaska Burke County, North Dakota Burnett County, Wisconsin Carlton County, Minnesota Cass County, Minnesota

254

Climate Zone 4A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A A Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 4 and Climate Zone Subtype A. Climate Zone 4A is defined as Mixed - Humid with IP Units CDD50ºF ≤ 4500 AND 3600 < HDD65ºF ≤ 5400 and SI Units CDD10ºC ≤ 2500 AND HDD18ºC ≤ 3000 . The following places are categorized as class 4A climate zones: Accomack County, Virginia Adair County, Kentucky Adams County, Ohio Alamance County, North Carolina Albemarle County, Virginia Alexander County, Illinois Alexander County, North Carolina Alexandria County, Virginia Allegany County, Maryland Alleghany County, Virginia Allen County, Kansas Allen County, Kentucky Amelia County, Virginia Amherst County, Virginia Anderson County, Kansas Anderson County, Kentucky

255

Climate Zone 4B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

B B Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 4 and Climate Zone Subtype B. Climate Zone 4B is defined as Dry with IP Units CDD50ºF ≤ 4500 AND 3600 < HDD65ºF ≤ 5400 and SI Units CDD10ºC ≤ 2500 AND HDD18ºC ≤ 3000 . The following places are categorized as class 4B climate zones: Amador County, California Armstrong County, Texas Baca County, Colorado Bailey County, Texas Beaver County, Oklahoma Bernalillo County, New Mexico Briscoe County, Texas Calaveras County, California Carson County, Texas Castro County, Texas Cibola County, New Mexico Cimarron County, Oklahoma Cochran County, Texas Curry County, New Mexico Dallam County, Texas De Baca County, New Mexico Deaf Smith County, Texas

256

Climate Zone 6A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 6 and Climate Zone Subtype A. Climate Zone 6A is defined as Cold - Humid with IP Units 7200 < HDD65ºF ≤ 9000 and SI Units 4000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 5000 . The following places are categorized as class 6A climate zones: Adams County, North Dakota Adams County, Wisconsin Addison County, Vermont Alcona County, Michigan Alger County, Michigan Allamakee County, Iowa Allegany County, New York Alpena County, Michigan Androscoggin County, Maine Anoka County, Minnesota Antrim County, Michigan Arenac County, Michigan Aurora County, South Dakota Barron County, Wisconsin Beadle County, South Dakota Belknap County, New Hampshire Bennington County, Vermont

257

Climate Zone 3C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

C C Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 3 and Climate Zone Subtype C. Climate Zone 3C is defined as Warm - Marine with IP Units CDD50ºF ≤ 4500 AND HDD65ºF ≤ 3600 and SI Units CDD10ºC ≤ 2500 AND HDD18ºC ≤ 2000 . The following places are categorized as class 3C climate zones: Alameda County, California Marin County, California Mendocino County, California Monterey County, California Napa County, California San Benito County, California San Francisco County, California San Luis Obispo County, California San Mateo County, California Santa Barbara County, California Santa Clara County, California Santa Cruz County, California Sonoma County, California Ventura County, California

258

Climate Zone 3A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A A Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 3 and Climate Zone Subtype A. Climate Zone 3A is defined as Warm - Humid with IP Units 4500 < CDD50ºF ≤ 6300 and SI Units 2500 < CDD10ºC < 3500 . The following places are categorized as class 3A climate zones: Abbeville County, South Carolina Adair County, Oklahoma Adams County, Mississippi Aiken County, South Carolina Alcorn County, Mississippi Alfalfa County, Oklahoma Allendale County, South Carolina Amite County, Mississippi Anderson County, South Carolina Anson County, North Carolina Archer County, Texas Arkansas County, Arkansas Ashley County, Arkansas Atoka County, Oklahoma Attala County, Mississippi Autauga County, Alabama Baldwin County, Georgia

259

Observing Surf-Zone Dispersion with Drifters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surf-zone dispersion is studied using drifter observations collected within about 200 m of the shoreline (at depths of less than about 5 m) on a beach with approximately alongshore uniform bathymetry and waves. There were about 70 individual ...

Matthew Spydell; Falk Feddersen; R. T. Guza; W. E. Schmidt

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Microbial oceanography of anoxic oxygen minimum zones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vast expanses of oxygen-deficient and nitrite-rich water define the major oxygen minimum zones (OMZs) of the global ocean. They support diverse microbial communities that influence the nitrogen economy of the oceans, ...

Ulloa, Osvaldo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Pine Tree Development Zones Program (Maine)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Pine Tree Development Zones program offers eligible businesses the chance to reduce, and sometimes eliminate, state taxes for up to ten years. There is a statutory requirement of hiring a...

262

Climate Zone Number 8 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Climate Zone Number 8 Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE...

263

Climate Zone 1A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Climate Zone 1A Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE...

264

Seismic imaging of the mantle transition zone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we developed a generalized Radon transform of SS precursors for large-scale, high-resolution seismo-stratigraphy of the upper mantle transition zone. The generalized Radon transform (GRT) is based on the ...

Cao, Qin, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Climate Zone 2B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

B B Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard consisting of Climate Zone Number 2 and Climate Zone Subtype B. Climate Zone 2B is defined as Dry with IP Units 6300 < CDD50ºF ≤ 9000 and SI Units 3500 < CDD10ºC ≤ 5000 . The following places are categorized as class 2B climate zones: Bandera County, Texas Dimmit County, Texas Edwards County, Texas Frio County, Texas Imperial County, California Kinney County, Texas La Paz County, Arizona La Salle County, Texas Maricopa County, Arizona Maverick County, Texas Medina County, Texas Pima County, Arizona Pinal County, Arizona Real County, Texas Uvalde County, Texas Val Verde County, Texas Webb County, Texas Yuma County, Arizona Zapata County, Texas Zavala County, Texas Retrieved from

266

Definition: Accommodation Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Accommodation Zone Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Accommodation Zone Accommodation zones occur at fault intersections consisting of belts of interlocking, oppositely dipping normal faults. Multiple subsurface fault intersections in these zones are a favorable host for geothermal activity.[2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition References ↑ James E. Faulds,Nicholas H. Hinz,Mark F. Coolbaugh,Patricia H. Cashman,Christopher Kratt,Gregory Dering,Joel Edwards,Brett Mayhew,Holly McLachlan. 2011. Assessment of Favorable Structural Settings of Geothermal Systems in the Great Basin, Western USA. In: Transactions. GRC Anual Meeting; 2011/10/23; San Diego, CA. Davis, CA: Geothermal Resources

267

Unconditionally convergent nonlinear solver for hyperbolic conservation laws with S-shaped flux functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the convergence properties of implicit numerical solution algorithms for nonlinear hyperbolic transport problems. It is shown that the Newton-Raphson (NR) method converges for any time step size, if the flux function is convex, concave, or linear, which is, in general, the case for CFD problems. In some problems, e.g., multiphase flow in porous media, the nonlinear flux function is S-shaped (not uniformly convex or concave); as a result, a standard NR iteration can diverge for large time steps, even if an implicit discretization scheme is used to solve the nonlinear system of equations. In practice, when such convergence difficulties are encountered, the current time step is cut, previous iterations are discarded, a smaller time step size is tried, and the NR process is repeated. The criteria for time step cutting and selection are usually based on heuristics that limit the allowable change in the solution over a time step and/or NR iteration. Here, we propose a simple modification to the NR iteration scheme for conservation laws with S-shaped flux functions that converges for any time step size. The new scheme allows one to choose the time step size based on accuracy consideration only without worrying about the convergence behavior of the nonlinear solver. The proposed method can be implemented in an existing simulator, e.g., for CO{sub 2} sequestration or reservoir flow modeling, quite easily. The numerical analysis is confirmed with simulation studies using various test cases of nonlinear multiphase transport in porous media. The analysis and numerical experiments demonstrate that the modified scheme allows for the use of arbitrarily large time steps for this class of problems.

Jenny, Patrick [Institute of Fluid Dynamics, ETH Zurich, Sonneggstrasse 3, CH-8092 Zurich (Switzerland)], E-mail: jenny@ifd.mavt.ethz.ch; Tchelepi, Hamdi A. [Dept. of Energy Resources Engineering, Stanford University (United States); Lee, Seong H. [Chevron Company, 6001 Bollinger Canyon Rd., San Ramon, 94583-2324 CA (United States)

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Zone heated diesel particulate filter electrical connection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrical connection system for a particulate filter is provided. The system includes: a particulate filter (PF) disposed within an outer shell wherein the PF is segmented into a plurality of heating zones; an outer mat disposed between the particulate filter and the outer shell; an electrical connector coupled to the outer shell of the PF; and a plurality of printed circuit connections that extend along the outer surface of the PF from the electrical connector to the plurality of heating zones.

Gonze, Eugene V. (Pinckney, MI); Paratore, Jr., Michael J. (Howell, MI)

2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

269

U-PLANT GEOGRAPHIC ZONE CLEANUP PROTOTYPE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U Plant geographic zone (UPZ) occupies 0.83 square kilometers on the Hanford Site Central Plateau (200 Area). It encompasses the U Plant canyon (221-U Facility), ancillary facilities that supported the canyon, soil waste sites, and underground pipelines. The UPZ cleanup initiative coordinates the cleanup of the major facilities, ancillary facilities, waste sites, and contaminated pipelines (collectively identified as ''cleanup items'') within the geographic zone. The UPZ was selected as a geographic cleanup zone prototype for resolving regulatory, technical, and stakeholder issues and demonstrating cleanup methods for several reasons: most of the area is inactive, sufficient characterization information is available to support decisions, cleanup of the high-risk waste sites will help protect the groundwater, and the zone contains a representative cross-section of the types of cleanup actions that will be required in other geographic zones. The UPZ cleanup demonstrates the first of 22 integrated zone cleanup actions on the Hanford Site Central Plateau to address threats to groundwater, the environment, and human health. The UPZ contains more than 100 individual cleanup items. Cleanup actions in the zone will be undertaken using multiple regulatory processes and decision documents. Cleanup actions will include building demolition, waste site and pipeline excavation, and the construction of multiple, large engineered barriers. In some cases, different cleanup actions may be taken at item locations that are immediately adjacent to each other. The cleanup planning and field activities for each cleanup item must be undertaken in a coordinated and cohesive manner to ensure effective execution of the UPZ cleanup initiative. The UPZ zone cleanup implementation plan (ZCIP) was developed to address the need for a fundamental integration tool for UPZ cleanup. As UPZ cleanup planning and implementation moves forward, the ZCIP is intended to be a living document that will provide a focal point for integrating UPZ actions, including field cleanup activities, waste staging and handling, and post-cleanup monitoring and institutional controls.

ROMINE, L.D.

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Zone control system for energy conservation  

SciTech Connect

A zone control system adapted to control temperatures in a building is described having a temperature modifying plant to modify the temperature of a heat exchange medium, circulator means to circulate the medium, and flow control means to regulate the flow of the medium. The system includes zone thermostats with one thermostat per controlled zone, and with each thermostat including temperature responsive means and heat anticipator means to modify the temperature of the temperature responsive means; at least one of the flow control means per controlled zone, and each of the flow control means being capable of energizing the circulator means when the flow control means operates to permit circulation of the heat exchange medium; each zone thermostat including on-off timer means having normally open switch means, and further including intermediate on timer means having normally open switch means; first zone control circuit means including a temperature responsive means of the first thermostat, a heat anticipator means of the first thermostat, and circuit means with normally closed switch means capable of energizing a first flow control means to an open position upon the first thermostat calling for operation of the temperature modifying plant. The timer means of the first thermostat is actuated by the first thermostat calling for operation of the temperature modifying plant; a first of the on-off timer means operating its switch means to an on state after a fixed time interval to latch the first flow control means into an open condition; a first of the intermediate on timer means operating its switch means to an on state after a second fixed time interval to energize the modifying plant and complete a circuit to a secondary anticipation heater of a second zone thermostat capable of adding heat to the second zone thermostat; and the first on-off timer means maintaining its switch means closed.

Nelson, L.W.

1986-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

271

DEEP VADOSE ZONE TREATABILITY TEST PLAN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

{sm_bullet} Treatability test plan published in 2008 {sm_bullet} Outlines technology treatability activities for evaluating application of in situ technologies and surface barriers to deep vadose zone contamination (technetium and uranium) {sm_bullet} Key elements - Desiccation testing - Testing of gas-delivered reactants for in situ treatment of uranium - Evaluating surface barrier application to deep vadose zone - Evaluating in situ grouting and soil flushing

GB CHRONISTER; MJ TRUEX

2009-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

272

Treating nahcolite containing formations and saline zones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for treating a nahcolite containing subsurface formation includes removing water from a saline zone in or near the formation. The removed water is heated using a steam and electricity cogeneration facility. The heated water is provided to the nahcolite containing formation. A fluid is produced from the nahcolite containing formation. The fluid includes at least some dissolved nahcolite. At least some of the fluid is provided to the saline zone.

Vinegar, Harold J

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

273

Renewable Energy Generation Zone Property Tax Abatement | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Generation Zone Property Tax Abatement Renewable Energy Generation Zone Property Tax Abatement Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings For Bioenergy Biofuels Alternative Fuel...

274

Gulf of California Rift Zone Geothermal Region | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gulf of California Rift Zone Geothermal Region Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Gulf of California Rift Zone Geothermal Region edit Details Areas (15)...

275

Anderson County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anderson County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Anderson County, South Carolina ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

276

Androscoggin County, Maine ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Androscoggin County, Maine ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Androscoggin County, Maine ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

277

Bennington County, Vermont ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bennington County, Vermont ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Bennington County, Vermont ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

278

Abbeville County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Abbeville County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Abbeville County, South Carolina ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

279

Baltimore County, Maryland ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Baltimore County, Maryland ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Baltimore County, Maryland ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

280

Barnwell County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Barnwell County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Barnwell County, South Carolina ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Berkshire County, Massachusetts ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Berkshire County, Massachusetts ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Berkshire County, Massachusetts ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

282

Aleutians East Borough, Alaska ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aleutians East Borough, Alaska ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Aleutians East Borough, Alaska ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

283

Alexander County, North Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alexander County, North Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Alexander County, North Carolina ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

284

Albemarle County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Albemarle County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Albemarle County, Virginia ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

285

Berks County, Pennsylvania ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Berks County, Pennsylvania ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Berks County, Pennsylvania ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

286

Bayfield County, Wisconsin ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bayfield County, Wisconsin ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Bayfield County, Wisconsin ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

287

Alamance County, North Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alamance County, North Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Alamance County, North Carolina ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

288

Archuleta County, Colorado ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Archuleta County, Colorado ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Archuleta County, Colorado ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

289

Beauregard Parish, Louisiana ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Beauregard Parish, Louisiana ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Beauregard Parish, Louisiana ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

290

Allendale County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Allendale County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Allendale County, South Carolina ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

291

Baltimore City County, Maryland ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Baltimore City County, Maryland ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Baltimore City County, Maryland ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

292

Berkeley County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Berkeley County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Berkeley County, South Carolina ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

293

Alameda County, California ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Alameda County, California ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Alameda County,...

294

Bedford City County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bedford City County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Bedford City County, Virginia ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

295

Beaufort County, North Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

History Facebook icon Twitter icon Beaufort County, North Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Beaufort County, North...

296

Alleghany County, North Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alleghany County, North Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Alleghany County, North Carolina ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

297

Aitkin County, Minnesota ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Aitkin County, Minnesota ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Aitkin County, Minnesota...

298

Barbour County, West Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Barbour County, West Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Barbour County, West Virginia ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

299

Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

300

Beltrami County, Minnesota ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Beltrami County, Minnesota ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Beltrami County, Minnesota ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Belknap County, New Hampshire ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belknap County, New Hampshire ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Belknap County, New Hampshire ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

302

Bertie County, North Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bertie County, North Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Bertie County, North Carolina ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

303

Arlington County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Arlington County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Arlington County, Virginia ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

304

Bamberg County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bamberg County, South Carolina ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Bamberg County, South Carolina ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006...

305

Baoding High Tech Industry Development Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zone" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleBaodingHighTechIndustryDevelopmentZone&oldid342524" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies...

306

Pages that link to "Baoding High Tech Industry Development Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zone. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwikiSpecial:WhatLinksHereBaodingHighTechIndustryDevelopmentZone" Special pages About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Developer...

307

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

& Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 2A Houston, Texas Reference Buildings by Building Type: Small Hotel Reference Buildings by Climate Zone...

308

Variation in sericite composition from fracture zones within...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

zones of the crystalline basement contain coarse-grained relict muscovite, whereas rock alteration near fracture zones at temperatures > 150C is characterized by abundant...

309

Geographic Information System At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geographic Information System At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Exploration...

310

Geographic Information System At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geographic Information System At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2005 - 2) Exploration Activity Details Location Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal...

311

Details of U.S. Climate Zones:  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Details of U.S. Climate Zones Details of U.S. Climate Zones Details of U.S. Climate Zones: The CBECS climate zones are groups of climate divisions, as defined by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), which are regions within a state that are as climatically homogeneous as possible. Each NOAA climate division is placed into one of five CBECS climate zones based on its 30-year average heating degree-days (HDD) and cooling degree-days (CDD) for the period 1971 through 2000. (These climate zones have been updated for the 2003 CBECS. All previous CBECS used averages for the 45-year period from 1931 through 1975.) A HDD is a measure of how cold a location was over a period of time, relative to a base temperature (in CBECS, 65 degrees Fahrenheit). The heating degree-day is the difference between that day's average temperature and 65 degrees if the daily average is less than 65; it is zero if the daily average temperature is greater than or equal to 65. For example, if the average temperature for a given day is 40 degrees, then the heating degree-days for that single day equal 25. Heating degree-days for a year are the sum of the daily heating degree-days that year.

312

Monotone Domain Decomposition Iterative Method and its Convergence for a Nonlinear Integro-Differential Equation of Volterra Type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We apply the monotone domain decomposition iterative method to a nonlinear integro-differential equation of Volterra type and prove its convergence. To do this, by adding a term in both sides of the original equation we make a linear equation to get a monotone domain decomposition iterative scheme and prove the existence, uniqueness and convergence of iterative solutions.

Myong-Gil Rim; Dong-Hyok Kim

2013-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

313

Convergence of a two-layer scheme for equations of gas dynamics in Eulerian variables with geo-physical applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the convergence of a completely conservative, two-layer difference scheme for equations of gas dynamics in Eulerian variables. The convergence of the difference solution to the smooth solution of the original periodic Cauchy problem ... Keywords: Cauchy problem, Eulerian variables, difference scheme, partial differential equations, shallow water theory

F. Criado-Aldeanueva; F. Criado; G. Meladze

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Market Dynamics and Local Policy Choices for Converged Systems: Case Study of Integrated Telecommunication Design and Deployment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Researchers have cogently presented the technical case for converged telecommunications systems. However, it is not clear how market-based telecommunications providers and local communities are embracing this technical argument as they design and adopt ... Keywords: design, interoperability, policy, regulation, telecommunications convergence

Thomas A. Horan; Benjamin L. Schooley

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

The Effect of the South Pacific Convergence Zone on the Termination of El Niño Events and the Meridional Asymmetry of ENSO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During large El Niño events the westerly wind response to the eastern equatorial Pacific sea surface temperature anomalies (SSTAs) shifts southward during boreal winter and early spring, reaching latitudes of 5°–7°S. The resulting meridional ...

Shayne McGregor; Axel Timmermann; Niklas Schneider; Malte F. Stuecker; Matthew H. England

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Comments on “The South Indian Convergence Zone and Interannual Rainfall Variability over Southern Africa” and the Question of ENSO's Influence on Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observational and modeling studies have produced extensive evidence of a link between rainfall variability in southern Africa and the Pacific ENSO phenomenon, as well as a link with sea surface temperatures in the Indian and, to a lesser extent, ...

Sharon Nicholson

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Transport of Bottom Water in the Romanche Fracture Zone and the Chain Fracture Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two moored arrays deployed in the Romanche Fracture Zone and Chain Fracture Zone in the equatorial Atlantic Ocean provide two-year-long time series of current and temperature in the Lower North Atlantic Deep Water and the Antarctic Bottom Water. ...

Herlé Mercier; Kevin G. Speer

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Earthquake Patterns in Diverse Tectonic Zones of the Globe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fast ridge. * ‘‘western Aleutians’’ orogen: (4) Trench. * ‘‘geographic name like ‘‘Aleutian;’’ instead, each zone has a

Kagan, Y. Y.; Bird, P.; Jackson, D. D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

The Convergence of Environmental Issues„From Ecosystem Impacts to Technology Solutions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Convergence of Environmental Issues-From Convergence of Environmental Issues-From Ecosystem Impacts to Technology Solutions James Ekmann, Sarah Forbes, RJ James, Melissa Chan, and Peter Balash 1 Introduction Complex systems, including banking systems and electricity transmission and distribution, require careful long-term planning in order to prevent potential breakdowns. Any failure to operate as expected can have significant effect on the economy, environment, society, or a combination of all of three. These breakdowns may be because of an unforeseen inability to deal with new needs, or incompatibility with new technology. One notable recent breakdown in complex systems is the electricity blackout in the northeast U.S. during the summer of 2003. Another, much anticipated, near

320

Transportation and Electricity Convergence Session 2: National Lab Perspective (Sub-metering Hardware and Protocols)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transportation and Electricity Convergence Session 2: National Lab Perspective (Sub-metering Hardware and Protocols) 1912 2012 Theodore Bohn Argonne National Laboratory 4 th Annual Workshop Evs- Transportation and Electricity Convergence Houston, TX Nov 2, 2011 ANL Perspective: Standards are the common thread that enables interoperability of new technologies Detroit was the first American city to use electric taxi cabs, in 1914. Are Indoor/Outdoor Charge Ports New? Detroit's first electric taxi accumulated >46,000 miles first two years. 2 Outdoor Curb-Side Charging Port Indoor charging stations 3 Charging Levels/ Recharge Times (it depends)  AC Level 1 - 120 v/20A outlet (~1600W) - In most garages - Outlet capacity? - Dedicated outlet usually required

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Large-eddy simulations of Richtmyer-Meshkov instability in a converging geometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Richtmyer-Meshkov instability (RMI) refers to the baroclinic generation of vorticity at a perturbed density interface when impacted by a shock wave. It is often thought of as the impulsive limit of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability (RTI). The fluid dynamics video "large-eddy simulations (LES) of RMI in a converging geometry" shows the mixing of materials resulting from the interaction of an imploding cylindrical shock wave with a concentric perturbed interface that separates outside light gas from heavy gas (initially 5 times denser) inside a wedge. At the initial impact, the incident shock Mach number is either 1.3 or 2.0. The present canonical simulations support recent interests on compressible turbulent mixing in converging geometries relevant to both inertial confinement fusion and core-collapse supernovae dynamics.

Lombardini, Manuel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Preventing Premature Convergence in a Simple EDA Via Global Step Size Setting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When a simple real-valued estimation of distribution algorithm (EDA) with Gaussian model and maximum likelihood estimation of parameters is used, it converges prematurely even on the slope of the fitness function. The simplest way of preventing premature convergence by multiplying the variance estimate by a constant factor k each generation is studied. Recent works have shown that when increasing the dimensionality of the search space, such an algorithm becomes very quickly unable to traverse the slope and focus to the optimum at the same time. In this paper it is shown that when isotropic distributions with Gaussian or Cauchy distributed norms are used, the simple constant setting of k is able to ensure a reasonable behaviour of the EDA on the slope and in the valley of the fitness function at the same time.

Petr Posík

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Zoned electrical heater arranged in spaced relationship from particulate filter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system comprises a particulate matter (PM) filter that comprises an upstream end for receiving exhaust gas and a downstream end. A zoned heater is arranged spaced from the upstream end and comprises N zones, where N is an integer greater than one, wherein each of the N zones comprises M sub-zones, where M is an integer greater than one. A control module selectively activates at least a selected one of the N zones to initiate regeneration in downstream portions of the PM filter from the one of the N zones and deactivates non-selected ones of the N zones.

Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

324

Opportunity and Enterprise Zones (Oklahoma) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Opportunity and Enterprise Zones (Oklahoma) Opportunity and Enterprise Zones (Oklahoma) Opportunity and Enterprise Zones (Oklahoma) < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Retail Supplier Institutional Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Oklahoma Program Type Enterprise Zone Provider Oklahoma Department of Commerce Opportunity and Enterprise Zones provide enhanced financial incentives for businesses located in such zones aimed at stimulating economic expansion in rural and disadvantaged communities Opportunity Zones are those census

325

On convergence of the projective integration method for stiff ordinary differential equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a convergence proof of the projective integration method for a class of deterministic multi-dimensional multi-scale systems which are amenable to centre manifold theory. The error is shown to contain contributions associated with the numerical accuracy of the microsolver, the numerical accuracy of the macrosolver and the distance from the centre manifold caused by the combined effect of micro- and macrosolvers, respectively. We corroborate our results by numerical simulations.

John Maclean; Georg A. Gottwald

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

326

Definition: Displacement Transfer Zone | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Displacement Transfer Zone Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Displacement Transfer Zone Displacement transfer zones facilitate the transfer of strain between normal and strike-slip faults. Intersections between strike-slip faults in the Walker Lane and N- to NNE-striking normal faults commonly host geothermal systems, focused along the normal faults proximal to their dilational intersections with nearby strike-slip faults.[2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition References ↑ James E. Faulds,Nicholas H. Hinz,Mark F. Coolbaugh,Patricia H. Cashman,Christopher Kratt,Gregory Dering,Joel Edwards,Brett Mayhew,Holly McLachlan. 2011. Assessment of Favorable Structural Settings of Geothermal

327

Convergence of methods for coupling of microscopic and mesoscopic reaction-diffusion simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, three multiscale methods for coupling of mesoscopic (compartment-based) and microscopic (molecular-based) stochastic reaction-diffusion simulations are investigated. Two of the three methods that will be discussed in detail have been previously reported in the literature; the two-regime method (TRM) and the compartment-placement method (CPM). The third method that is introduced and analysed in this paper is the ghost cell method (GCM). Presented is a comparison of sources of error. The convergent properties of this error are studied as the time step $\\Delta t$ (for updating the molecular-based part of the model) approaches zero. It is found that the error behaviour depends on another fundamental computational parameter $h$, the compartment size in the mesoscopic part of the model. Two important limiting cases, which appear in applications, are considered: (i) \\Delta t approaches 0 and h is fixed; and (ii) \\Delta t approaches 0 and h approaches 0 such that \\Delta t/h^2 is fixed. The error for previously developed approaches (the TRM and CPM) converges to zero only in the limiting case (ii), but not in case (i). It is shown that the error of the GCM converges in the limiting case (i). Thus the GCM is superior to previous coupling techniques if the mesoscopic description is much coarser than the microscopic part of the model.

Mark B Flegg; Stefan Hellander; Radek Erban

2013-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

328

Comment on "Time Step Sensitivity of Nonlinear Atmospheric Models: Numerical Convergence, Truncation Error Growth, and Ensemble Design" Teixeira et al. (2007)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comment on "Time Step Sensitivity of Nonlinear Atmospheric Models: Numerical Convergence, Truncation Error Growth, and Ensemble Design" Teixeira et al.

Lun-Shin Yao; Dan Hughes

2007-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

329

Convergence of a Finite Volume Scheme for Gas Water Flow in a Multi-Dimensional Porous Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A classical model for water-gas flows in porous media is considered. The degenerate coupled system of equations obtained by mass conservation is usually approximated by finite volume schemes in the oil reservoir simulations. The convergence properties of these schemes are only known for incompressible fluids. This chapter deals with construction and convergence analysis of a finite volume scheme for compressible and immiscible flow in porous media. In comparison with incompressible fluid, compressible fluids requires more powerful techniques. We present a new result of convergence in a two or three dimensional porous medium and under the only modification that the density of gas depends on global pressure.

Bendahmane, Mostafa; Saad, Mazen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Mixing in the Romanche Fracture Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Romanche Fracture Zone is a major gap in the Mid-Atlantic Ridge at the equator, which is deep enough to allow significant eastward flows of Antarctic Bottom Water from the Brazil Basin to the Sierra Leone and Guinea Abyssal Plains. While ...

Bruno Ferron; Herlé Mercier; Kevin Speer; Ann Gargett; Kurt Polzin

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Injectivity Testing for Vapour Dominated Feed Zones  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wells with vapor dominated feed zones yield abnormal pressure data. This is caused by the condensation of vapor during water injection. A revised injectivity test procedure currently applied by PNOC at the Leyte Geothermal Power Project has improved the injectivity test results.

Clotworthy, A.W.; Hingoyon, C.S.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

A GPS-Tracked Surf Zone Drifter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A drifter designed to measure surf zone circulation has been developed and field tested. Drifter positions accurate to within a few meters are estimated in real time at 0.1 Hz using the global positioning system (GPS) and a shore-to-drifter radio ...

W. E. Schmidt; B. T. Woodward; K. S. Millikan; R. T. Guza; B. Raubenheimer; Steve Elgar

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

FREE ZONE Rb-276 Chiller Monitoring Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regulations prohibiting the production of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) have spurred the development of alternative refrigerants with similar thermodynamic properties and operating characteristics for use in large chiller systems. This study evaluates refrigerant FREE ZONE RB-276, a "drop in" replacement for R-12, which has been out of production since January 1, 1996.

1999-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

334

On the Spectral Convergence of the Supercompact Finite-Difference Schemes for the f-Plane Shallow-Water Equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the f-plane shallow-water equations, the convergence properties of the supercompact finite-difference method (SCFDM) are examined during the evolution of complex, nonlinear flows spawned by an unstable jet. The second-, fourth-, sixth-, and ...

S. Ghader; A. R. Mohebalhojeh; V. Esfahanian

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Eddy Heat Flux Convergence in the Troposphere and Its Effect on the Meridional Circulation and Ozone Distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study the vertical convergence of the eddy heat flux, found as a forcing term in the thermodynamic energy equation of the transformed Eulerian mean formulation, is estimated in the troposphere and in the lower stratosphere from ...

Wookap Choi; Douglas A. Rotman; Donald J. Wuebbles

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

The convergence of market designs for adequate generating capacity with special attention to the CAISO's resource adequacy problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper compares market designs intended to solve the resource adequacy (RA) problem, and finds that, in spite of rivalrous claims, the most advanced designs have nearly converged. The original dichotomy between approaches ...

Cramton, Peter C.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments The Deep Vadose Zone - Applied Field Research Initiative has partnered with the Vadose Zone Journal to bring together a special section of the recent issue (November 2012). The section was prepared in association with the Deep Vadose Zone - Applied Field Research Initiative-led symposium at the annual American Chemical Society meeting on "Understanding Behavior and Fate of Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments." The section consists of 12 papers which present novel approaches to characterize, monitor, remediate, and predict the transport and fate of contaminants in vadose zone environments, many of which highlight recent work at the Hanford site. Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments

338

Oil price, mean reversion and zone readjustments  

SciTech Connect

Observing OPEC`s short-term price-output ceiling behavior during the late 1980s and 1990s, one can conclude that it attempts to stabilize the market price within a range of its announced target price by controlling the output ceiling. If the price moves within four to five dollars below the target price, it usually reduces the output ceiling and assigns new quotas to its member countries to keep the price close to the target price. In reality, OPEC established a band for the market price positioned round the target price by basically choosing suitable upper and lower limits for the output or, at least in soft markets, it places tolerance zone below the target price in order to restrict the discrepancy between the market price and the target price. The lower limit is particularly needed because it sets a price floor and ensures that the market price stays above the significantly lower marginal cost of oil production. If the limits of these zones are backed by a perfectly credible intervention policy, they can generate an expectations process that should turn the market prices around even before any intervention takes place. While OPEC in some sense observes the target zones for its prices, those zones are neither well defined nor vigorously defended. It can not always or may not be willing to maintain the price within the limits of the desired zone by cutting the output ceiling; it must sometimes readjust the target price and output ceiling, and thus create a new target zone to reflect the market`s new fundamentals. This is particularly true now because OPEC is losing market share to the other oil producers and is contemplating to shift the current band. Actual readjustments in the target price can be so large, as in 1980 and 1985, that the newmarket price must jump as well. They can occur when both the market price is near the limits of the band as well as when it is inside the band but still further away from those limits.

Hammoudeh, S. [Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Velocity and Timing of Multiple Spherically Converging Shock Waves in Liquid Deuterium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fuel entropy and required drive energy for an inertial confinement fusion implosion are set by a sequence of shocks that must be precisely timed to achieve ignition. This Letter reports measurements of multiple spherical shock waves in liquid deuterium that facilitate timing inertial confinement fusion shocks to the required precision. These experiments produced the highest shock velocity observed in liquid deuterium (U{sub s}=135 km/s at {approx}2500 GPa) and also the first observation of convergence effects on the shock velocity. Simulations model the shock-timing results well when a nonlocal transport model is used in the coronal plasma.

Boehly, T. R.; Goncharov, V. N.; Seka, W.; Hu, S. X.; Marozas, J. A. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Barrios, M. A.; Celliers, P. M.; Hicks, D. G.; Collins, G. W. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); Meyerhofer, D. D. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Departments of Mechanical Engineering and Physics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States)

2011-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

340

Rate of convergence to equilibrium for the spatially homogeneous Boltzmann equation with hard potentials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For the spatially homogeneous Boltzmann equation with hard po- tentials and Grad's cutoff (e.g. hard spheres), we give quantitative estimates of exponential convergence to equilibrium, and we show that the rate of exponential decay is governed by the spectral gap for the linearized equation, on which we provide a lower bound. Our approach is based on establishing spectral gap-like estimates valid near the equilibrium, and then connecting the latter to the quantitative nonlinear theory. This leads us to an explicit study of the linearized Boltzmann collision operator in functional spaces larger than the usual linearization setting.

Clément Mouhot

2006-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A Convergent Coordination Chemistry-Based Approach to Dissymmetric Macrocyclic Cofacial Porphyrin Complexes  

SciTech Connect

We report a highly convergent and modular approach for the synthesis of dissymmetric cofacial porphyrin complexes, which is based upon the weak-link approach to supramolecular coordination chemistry. Specifically, we have utilized a halide-induced ligand rearrangement reaction, which is capable of providing heteroligated mixed-metal porphyrin complexes in quantitative yield. Significantly, the adoption of a coordination chemistry based approach for the synthesis of these complexes allows for facile in situ regulation of the porphyrin-porphyrin interactions through the addition of external chemical stimuli.

Oliveri, Christopher G.; Heo, Jungseok; Nguyen, SonBinh T.; Mirkin, Chad A.; Wawrzak, Zdzislaw (NWU)

2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

342

Problem of Vain Energy Consumption in a VAV Air Conditioning System Shared By an Inner Zone and Exterior Zone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In northern China, there are a large number of space buildings divided in inner zone and exterior zone based on usage requirements. The exterior zone needs to be heated in winter and cooled in summer, while the inner zone needs to be cooled both in winter and summer. Taking a practical project as example, this paper analyzes the energy consumption of a VAV air conditioning system that is shared by inner zone and exterior zone. The paper also points out the serious problem of useless energy consumption for this kind of system.

Wenji, G.; Ling, C.; Dongdong, L.; Mei, S.; Li, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Climate Zone Number 5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5 5 Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard. Climate Zone Number 5 is defined as Cool- Humid(5A) with IP Units 5400 < HDD65ºF ≤ 7200 and SI Units 3000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 4000 Dry(5B) with IP Units 5400 < HDD65ºF ≤ 7200 and SI Units 3000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 4000 Marine(5C) with IP Units 5400 < HDD65ºF ≤ 7200 and SI Units 3000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 4000 . The following places are categorized as class 5 climate zones: Ada County, Idaho Adair County, Iowa Adair County, Missouri Adams County, Colorado Adams County, Illinois Adams County, Indiana Adams County, Iowa Adams County, Nebraska Adams County, Pennsylvania Adams County, Washington Albany County, New York Allegan County, Michigan Alleghany County, North Carolina

344

Climate Zone Number 3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Number 3 Number 3 Jump to: navigation, search A type of climate defined in the ASHRAE 169-2006 standard. Climate Zone Number 3 is defined as Warm - Humid(3A) with IP Units 4500 < CDD50ºF ≤ 6300 and SI Units 2500 < CDD10ºC < 3500 Dry(3B) with IP Units 4500 < CDD50ºF ≤ 6300 and SI Units 2500 < CDD10ºC < 3500 Warm - Marine(3C) with IP Units CDD50ºF ≤ 4500 AND HDD65ºF ≤ 3600 and SI Units CDD10ºC ≤ 2500 AND HDD18ºC ≤ 2000 . The following places are categorized as class 3 climate zones: Abbeville County, South Carolina Adair County, Oklahoma Adams County, Mississippi Aiken County, South Carolina Alameda County, California Alcorn County, Mississippi Alfalfa County, Oklahoma Allendale County, South Carolina Amite County, Mississippi Anderson County, South Carolina

345

Vadose Zone Transport Field Study: Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

From FY 2000 through FY 2003, a series of vadose zone transport field experiments were conducted as part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Groundwater/Vadose Zone Integration Project Science and Technology Project, now known as the Remediation and Closure Science Project, and managed by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The series of experiments included two major field campaigns, one at a 299-E24-11 injection test site near PUREX and a second at a clastic dike site off Army Loop Road. The goals of these experiments were to improve our understanding of vadose zone transport processes; to develop data sets to validate and calibrate vadose zone flow and transport models; and to identify advanced monitoring techniques useful for evaluating flow-and-transport mechanisms and delineating contaminant plumes in the vadose zone at the Hanford Site. This report summarizes the key findings from the field studies and demonstrates how data collected from these studies are being used to improve conceptual models and develop numerical models of flow and transport in Hanford’s vadose zone. Results of these tests have led to a better understanding of the vadose zone. Fine-scale geologic heterogeneities, including grain fabric and lamination, were observed to have a strong effect on the large-scale behavior of contaminant plumes, primarily through increased lateral spreading resulting from anisotropy. Conceptual models have been updated to include lateral spreading and numerical models of unsaturated flow and transport have revised accordingly. A new robust model based on the concept of a connectivity tensor was developed to describe saturation-dependent anisotropy in strongly heterogeneous soils and has been incorporated into PNNL’s Subsurface Transport Over Multiple Phases (STOMP) simulator. Application to field-scale transport problems have led to a better understanding plume behavior at a number of sites where lateral spreading may have dominated waste migration (e.g. BC Cribs and Trenches). The improved models have been also coupled with inverse models and newly-developed parameter scaling techniques to allow estimation of field-scale and effective transport parameters for the vadose zone. The development and utility of pedotransfer functions for describing fine-scale hydrogeochemical heterogeneity and for incorporating this heterogeneity into reactive transport models was explored. An approach based on grain-size statistics appears feasible and has been used to describe heterogeneity in hydraulic properties and sorption properties, such as the cation exchange capacity and the specific surface area of Hanford sediments. This work has also led to the development of inverse modeling capabilities for time-dependent, subsurface, reactive transport with transient flow fields using an automated optimization algorithm. In addition, a number of geophysical techniques investigated for their potential to provide detailed information on the subtle changes in lithology and bedding surfaces; plume delineation, leak detection. High-resolution resistivity is now being used for detecting saline plumes at several waste sites at Hanford, including tank farms. Results from the field studies and associated analysis have appeared in more than 46 publications generated over the past 4 years. These publications include test plans and status reports, in addition to numerous technical notes and peer reviewed papers.

Ward, Andy L.; Conrad, Mark E.; Daily, William D.; Fink, James B.; Freedman, Vicky L.; Gee, Glendon W.; Hoversten, Gary M.; Keller, Jason M.; Majer, Ernest L.; Murray, Christopher J.; White, Mark D.; Yabusaki, Steven B.; Zhang, Z. F.

2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

346

Diesel particulate filter with zoned resistive heater  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A diesel particulate filter assembly comprises a diesel particulate filter (DPF) and a heater assembly. The DPF filters a particulate from exhaust produced by an engine. The heater assembly has a first metallic layer that is applied to the DPF, a resistive layer that is applied to the first metallic layer, and a second metallic layer that is applied to the resistive layer. The second metallic layer is etched to form a plurality of zones.

Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI

2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

347

The Ohio Enterprise Zone program (Ohio) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Zone program (Ohio) Zone program (Ohio) The Ohio Enterprise Zone program (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Fuel Distributor Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Ohio Program Type Enterprise Zone Property Tax Incentive Provider Ohio Development Services Agency The Ohio Enterprise Zone program is an economic development tool administered by municipal and county governments that provides real and personal property tax exemptions to businesses making investments in Ohio. In order to use the Enterprise Zone program, communities petition to the Ohio Department of Development for certification of a geographical zone with a contiguous boundary. Once a zone is certified, communities may enter

348

Virginia Enterprise Zone Job Creation Grant (Virginia) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Enterprise Zone Job Creation Grant (Virginia) Enterprise Zone Job Creation Grant (Virginia) Virginia Enterprise Zone Job Creation Grant (Virginia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Maximum Rebate $500 per position Program Info State Virginia Program Type Enterprise Zone Grant Program Provider Virginia Department of Housing and Community Development The Virginia Enterprise Zone Job Creation Grant provides cash grants to businesses located in Enterprise zones that create permanent new jobs over a four-job threshold. State incentives are available to businesses and zone investors who create jobs and invest in real property within the boundaries of enterprise zones. The positions must pay at least 175 percent of the

349

Beckham County, Oklahoma ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone Subtype Climate Zone Subtype A Start Date 2006-01-01 Source: ASHRAE 169 Standards http:www.ashrae.org Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleBeckham...

350

Adams County, Mississippi ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone Subtype Climate Zone Subtype A Start Date 2006-01-01 Source: ASHRAE 169 Standards http:www.ashrae.org Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleAdamsC...

351

Adams County, Washington ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone Subtype Climate Zone Subtype B Start Date 2006-01-01 Source: ASHRAE 169 Standards http:www.ashrae.org Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleAdamsC...

352

Appomattox County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone Subtype Climate Zone Subtype A Start Date 2006-01-01 Source: ASHRAE 169 Standards http:www.ashrae.org Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleAppomat...

353

Amite County, Mississippi ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone Subtype Climate Zone Subtype A Start Date 2006-01-01 Source: ASHRAE 169 Standards http:www.ashrae.org Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleAmiteC...

354

Amador County, California ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone Subtype Climate Zone Subtype B Start Date 2006-01-01 Source: ASHRAE 169 Standards http:www.ashrae.org Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleAmador...

355

Allegany County, Maryland ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone Subtype Climate Zone Subtype A Start Date 2006-01-01 Source: ASHRAE 169 Standards http:www.ashrae.org Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleAllegan...

356

Alleghany County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone Subtype Climate Zone Subtype A Start Date 2006-01-01 Source: ASHRAE 169 Standards http:www.ashrae.org Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleAllegha...

357

Arkansas County, Arkansas ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone Subtype Climate Zone Subtype A Start Date 2006-01-01 Source: ASHRAE 169 Standards http:www.ashrae.org Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleArkansa...

358

Antelope County, Nebraska ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone Subtype Climate Zone Subtype A Start Date 2006-01-01 Source: ASHRAE 169 Standards http:www.ashrae.org Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleAntelop...

359

Acadia Parish, Louisiana ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Zone Subtype Climate Zone Subtype A Start Date 2006-01-01 Source: ASHRAE 169 Standards http:www.ashrae.org Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleAcadia...

360

Incentive zoning and environmental quality in Boston's Fenway neighborhood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A density bonus, also called incentive zoning, is a conditional liberalization of zoning regulations, allowing a real estate development to exceed as-of-right density limits in exchange for the in-kind provision or purchase ...

DeFlorio, Joshua (Joshua C.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

A Narrow Clear Zone Over Florida and the Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A narrow cloud-free zone of large longitudinal extent was observed in visible and infrared satellite imagery on 21 September 1978. An attempt to explain the zone in terms of subsidence induced by a transverse frontal circulation is presented.

Andrew J. Negri; K. Robert Morris

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Buffer Zones Around Protected Areas: A Brief Literature Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1998). Environmental and social impact report the Bahamasclearly focused on the social impacts of buffer zones and

Martino, Diego

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Central Nevada Seismic Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Pritchett, 2004) Exploration...

364

Hybrid Technique in SCALE for Fission Source Convergence Applied to Used Nuclear Fuel Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The new hybrid SOURCE ConveRgence accelERator (SOURCERER) sequence in SCALE deterministically computes a fission distribution and uses it as the starting source in a Monte Carlo eigenvalue criticality calculation. In addition to taking the guesswork out of defining an appropriate, problem-dependent starting source, the more accurate starting source provided by the deterministic calculation decreases the probability of producing inaccurate tally estimates associated with undersampling problems caused by inadequate source convergence. Furthermore, SOURCERER can increase the efficiency of the overall simulation by decreasing the number of cycles that has to be skipped before the keff accumulation. SOURCERER was applied to a representative example for a used nuclear fuel cask utilized at the Maine Yankee storage site {Scaglione and Ilas}. Because of the time constraints of the Used Fuel Research, Development, and Demonstration project, it was found that using more than 30,000 neutrons per cycle will lead to inaccurate Monte Carlo calculation of keff due to the inevitable decrease in the number of skipped and active cycles used with this problem. For a fixed uncertainty objective and by using 30,000 neutron per cycle, the use of SOURCERER increased the efficiency of the keff calculation by 60%compared to a Monte Carlo calculation that used a starting source distributed uniformly in fissionable regions, even with the inclusion of the extra computational time required by the deterministic calculation. Additionally, the use of SOURCERER increased the reliability of keff calculation using any number of skipped cycles below 350.

Ibrahim, Ahmad M [ORNL; Peplow, Douglas E. [ORNL; Bekar, Kursat B [ORNL; Celik, Cihangir [ORNL; Scaglione, John M [ORNL; Ilas, Dan [ORNL; Wagner, John C [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Form-based zoning : what place is this code?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Form-based zoning is a relatively recent innovation in zoning reform. Many cities in the U.S. have adopted form-based codes in lieu of or as a supplement to conventional zoning and many more are in the process of studying ...

Mehta, Shilpa, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Zoning for Distributed Wind Power - Breaking Down Barriers: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Zoning regulations for the use of small wind turbines vary from state to state and from one local jurisdiction to the next. This paper examines the zoning experiences of small wind turbine owners, options for local actions, and examples of state and federal limited preemption of local zoning authority as a means of promoting the implementation of new technologies.

Green, J.; Sagrillo, M.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Adams County, Wisconsin ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wisconsin ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Adams County, Wisconsin ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number Climate...

368

Baraga County, Michigan ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Baraga County, Michigan ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Baraga County, Michigan ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

369

Berrien County, Georgia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Berrien County, Georgia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Berrien County, Georgia ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

370

Barbour County, Alabama ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Barbour County, Alabama ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Barbour County, Alabama ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

371

Banner County, Nebraska ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Banner County, Nebraska ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Banner County, Nebraska ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

372

Amelia County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Amelia County, Virginia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Amelia County, Virginia ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

373

Andrew County, Missouri ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Andrew County, Missouri ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Andrew County, Missouri ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

374

Aroostook County, Maine ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aroostook County, Maine ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Aroostook County, Maine ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

375

Baldwin County, Georgia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Baldwin County, Georgia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Baldwin County, Georgia ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

376

Alpena County, Michigan ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alpena County, Michigan ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Alpena County, Michigan ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

377

Alcona County, Michigan ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alcona County, Michigan ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Alcona County, Michigan ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

378

Demand Shifting with Thermal Mass in Large Commercial Buildings in a California Hot Climate Zone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a California Hot Climate Zone. California Energyin a California Hot Climate Zone Peng Xu & Rongxin Yin,conditions (California Climate Zones 2–4). However, this

Xu, Peng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Armstrong County, Texas ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Armstrong County, Texas ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Armstrong County, Texas ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

380

Atchison County, Kansas ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Atchison County, Kansas ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Atchison County, Kansas ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Addison County, Vermont ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Addison County, Vermont ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Addison County, Vermont ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

382

Antrim County, Michigan ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Antrim County, Michigan ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Antrim County, Michigan ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

383

Anoka County, Minnesota ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anoka County, Minnesota ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Anoka County, Minnesota ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

384

Alachua County, Florida ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alachua County, Florida ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Alachua County, Florida ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

385

Barton County, Missouri ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Barton County, Missouri ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Barton County, Missouri ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

386

Beaver County, Oklahoma ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Beaver County, Oklahoma ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Beaver County, Oklahoma ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone...

387

Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Biasi, Et Al., 2009) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Biasi, Et Al., 2009) Exploration Activity Details Location Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring Activity Date Usefulness useful regional reconnaissance DOE-funding Unknown References Glenn Biasi, Leiph Preston, Ileana Tibuleac (2009) Body Wave Tomography For Regional Scale Assessment Of Geothermal Indicators In The Western Great Basin Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Teleseismic-Seismic_Monitoring_At_Central_Nevada_Seismic_Zone_Region_(Biasi,_Et_Al.,_2009)&oldid=425640"

388

Job Opportunity Building Zones (JOBZ) Initiative (Minnesota) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Opportunity Building Zones (JOBZ) Initiative (Minnesota) Opportunity Building Zones (JOBZ) Initiative (Minnesota) Job Opportunity Building Zones (JOBZ) Initiative (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Minnesota's Job Opportunity Building Zones (JOBZ) Initiative state and local tax incentives to qualified companies that expand or relocate in targeted areas outside the Twin Cities metropolitan area. There are ten job zones with opportunities for manufacturing, value-added, or high-wage service businesses in over 300 communities. Qualifying businesses may be eligible for corporate franchise tax exemptions, income tax exemptions for

389

Solar access protection, energy policy and the zoning process  

SciTech Connect

It is suggested that existing zoning structures can be easily adapted to the role of solar access protection. The modification of conventional zoning, accomplished with newer land-use concepts, such as transferable development rights, will help to overcome its inherent weaknesses of lack of flexibility and potential inequity. When state and federal energy policies are considered in their proper perspective by zoning agencies, existing zoning structures can be implemented in a way that avoids any barriers to solar collector installations. In this way, the zoning process will be an extremely valuable aid to the encouragement, promotion, and protection of solar power installations, contributing directly toward the conservation of energy resources

Hirsen, J.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments April 11, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis The Deep Vadose Zone - Applied Field Research Initiative (DVZ-AFRI) partnered with the Vadose Zone Journal to create a special section of the journal's November 2012 issue. DVZ-AFRI conducted a symposium at the annual American Chemical Society meeting on "Understanding Behavior and Fate of Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments." They produced 12 papers that present novel approaches to characterize, monitor, remediate and predict the transport and fate of contaminants in vadose zone environments, many of which highlight recent work at the Hanford site. The publications can be accessed here. For more information, contact Skip Chamberlain with the EM's Office of Soil

391

Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region (Redirected from Walker-Lane Transition Zone) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Details Areas (37) Power Plants (15) Projects (10) Techniques (30) Map: {{{Name}}} The northern Walker Lane (NWL) is a structurally complex zone of transition between the Sierra Nevada/Great Valley microplate and the Basin and Range Province. It is a major right-lateral shear zone which has been defined on both physiographic and geologic grounds Evidence from seismic and geologic studies together indicate that this 100 km wide zone is actively deforming and accommodates 20% of the relative motion between the Pacific and North American plates. Block modeling of crustal deformation of the northern

392

Keystone Innovation Zone Tax Credit Program (Pennsylvania) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Innovation Zone Tax Credit Program (Pennsylvania) Innovation Zone Tax Credit Program (Pennsylvania) Keystone Innovation Zone Tax Credit Program (Pennsylvania) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Schools Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Pennsylvania Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Enterprise Zone Provider Department of Community and Economic Development The Keystone Innovation Zone Tax Credit Program provides tax credits to companies less than eight years old who operate within designated innovation zones. A total pool of $25 million in tax credits is available each year to businesses within these zones. A business can claim a tax credit up to 50% of the increase in gross revenues attributable to

393

Climate Zone Subtype A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Subtype A Subtype A Jump to: navigation, search Moist (A) definition-Locations that are not marine and not dry. The following places are categorized as subtype A climate zones: Abbeville County, South Carolina Acadia Parish, Louisiana Accomack County, Virginia Adair County, Iowa Adair County, Kentucky Adair County, Missouri Adair County, Oklahoma Adams County, Illinois Adams County, Indiana Adams County, Iowa Adams County, Mississippi Adams County, Nebraska Adams County, North Dakota Adams County, Ohio Adams County, Pennsylvania Adams County, Wisconsin Addison County, Vermont Aiken County, South Carolina Aitkin County, Minnesota Alachua County, Florida Alamance County, North Carolina Albany County, New York Albemarle County, Virginia Alcona County, Michigan Alcorn County, Mississippi

394

Moisture Flux Convergence in Regional and Global Climate Models: Implications for Droughts in the Southwestern United States Under Climate Change  

SciTech Connect

The water cycle of the southwestern United States (SW) is dominated by winter storms that maintain a positive annual net precipitation. Analysis of the control and future climate from four pairs of regional and global climate models (RCMs and GCMs) shows that the RCMs simulate a higher fraction of transient eddy moisture fluxes because the hydrodynamic instabilities associated with flow over complex terrain are better resolved. Under global warming, this enables the RCMs to capture the response of transient eddies to increased atmospheric stability that allows more moisture to converge on the windward side of the mountains by blocking. As a result, RCMs simulate enhanced transient eddy moisture convergence in the SW compared to GCMs, although both robustly simulate drying due to enhanced moisture divergence by the divergent mean flow in a warmer climate. This enhanced convergence leads to reduced susceptibility to hydrological change in the RCMs compared to GCMs.

Gao, Yanhong; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Salathe, E.; Dominguez, Francina; Nijssen, Bart; Lettenmaier, D. P.

2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

395

Convergence of clock processes on infinite graphs and aging in Bouchaud's asymmetric trap model on $\\Z^d$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using a method developed by Durrett and Resnick, [23], we establish general criteria for the convergence of properly rescaled clock processes of random dynamics in random environments on infinite graphs. This extends the results of Gayrard, [27], Bovier and Gayrard, [20], and Bovier, Gayrard, and Svejda, [21], and gives a unified framework for proving convergence of clock processes. As a first application we prove that Bouchaud's asymmetric trap model on $Z^d$ exhibits a normal aging behavior for all $d \\geq 2$. Namely, we show that certain two-time correlation functions, among which the classical probability to find the process at the same site at two time points, converge, as the age of the process diverges, to the distribution function of the arcsine law. As a byproduct we prove that the fractional kinetics process ages.

Véronique Gayrard; Adela Svejda

2013-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

396

Reconstruction of the refractive index from experimental backscattering data using a globally convergent inverse method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The problem to be studied in this work is within the context of coefficient identification problems for the wave equation. More precisely, we consider the problem of reconstruction of the refractive index (or equivalently, the dielectric constant) of an inhomogeneous medium using one backscattering boundary measurement. The goal of this paper is to analyze the performance of a globally convergent algorithm of Beilina and Klibanov on experimental data acquired in the Microwave Laboratory at University of North Carolina at Charlotte. The main challenge working with experimental data is the the huge misfit between these data and computationally simulated data. We present data pre-processing steps to make the former somehow look similar to the latter. Results of both non-blind and blind targets are shown indicating good reconstructions even for high contrasts between the targets and the background medium.

Nguyen Trung Thành; Larisa Beilina; Michael V. Klibanov; Michael A. Fiddy

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

397

Quantitative perturbative study of convergence to equilibrium for collisional kinetic models in the torus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For a general class of linear collisional kinetic models in the torus, including in particular the linearized Boltzmann equation for hard spheres, the linearized Landau equation with hard and moderately soft potentials and the semi-classical linearized fermionic and bosonic relaxation models, we prove explicit coercivity estimates on the associated integro-differential operator for some modified Sobolev norms. We deduce existence of classical solutions near equilibrium for the full non-linear models associated, with explicit regularity bounds, and we obtain explicit estimates on the rate of exponential convergence towards equilibrium in this perturbative setting. The proof are based on a linear energy method which combines the coercivity property of the collision operator in the velocity space with transport effects, in order to deduce coercivity estimates in the whole phase space.

Clément Mouhot; Lukas Neumann

2006-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

398

On the convergence of difference schemes for the equations of ocean dynamics  

SciTech Connect

The difference scheme which approximates the equations of large-scale ocean dynamics in a unit cube to the second degree in the space variables is investigated. It is shown that the solutions converge to the solution of the differential problem. Namely, under the assumption that the solution is sufficiently smooth it is proved that (max)/0{<=}m{<=}M||u(m{tau})-v{sup m}||=O({tau}+h{sup 3/2}), M{tau}=T, where ||{center_dot}|| is the grid L{sub 2}-norm with respect to the space variables, v is the solution of the grid problem, and u is the solution of the differential problem. Bibliography: 7 titles.

Drutsa, Alexey V; Kobel'kov, Georgii M

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

399

Divergent practice in a converging system? The case of EIA in France and the UK  

SciTech Connect

This paper seeks to clarify the harmonisation objective of the European Union (EU) Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directives and to highlight some of the implicit tensions and differing interpretations. It first provides an overview of Member States' (MSs) practice in EIA, in the context of the harmonisation objective, before focusing on the particular cases of the UK and France. The latter include studies of the legal context and practice of EIA. There are significant variations in legal harmonisation and in the 'spirit' of legislation and guidance, nor does the existence of common legal requirements necessarily equate with 'harmonised practice'. There are considerable variations in UK and French practice, reflecting a number of underlying factors--including attitude to the environment, institutional factors and the nature and perceptions of practitioners. Yet, while practice may be divergent, it may not be diverging, and recent actions such as the amended Directive are designed to encourage more convergence.

Glasson, John; Bellanger, Caroline

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Convergence analysis of a balalncing domain decomposition method for solving interior Helmholtz equations  

SciTech Connect

A variant of balancing domain decomposition method by constraints (BDDC) is proposed for solving a class of indefinite system of linear equations, which arises from the finite element discretization of the Helmholtz equation of time-harmonic wave propagation in a bounded interior domain. The proposed BDDC algorithm is closely related to the dual-primal finite element tearing and interconnecting algorithm for solving Helmholtz equations (FETI-DPH). Under the condition that the diameters of the subdomains are small enough, the rate of convergence is established which depends polylogarithmically on the dimension of the individual subdomain problems and which improves with the decrease of the subdomain diameters. These results are supported by numerical experiments of solving a Helmholtz equation on a two-dimensional square domain.

Li,Jing; Tu, Xuemin

2008-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Optimal Lyapunov quantum control on two-level systems: convergence and extended techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Taking a two-level system as an example, we show that a strong control field may enhance the efficiency of optimal Lyapunov quantum control in [Hou et al., Phys. Rev. A \\textbf{86}, 022321 (2012)] but could decrease its control fidelity. A relationship between the strength of the control field and the control fidelity is established. An extended technique, which combines free evolution and external control, is proposed to improve the control fidelity. We analytically demonstrate that the extended technique can be used to design a control law for steering a two-level system exactly to the target state. In such a way, the convergence of the extended optimal Lyapunov quantum control can be guaranteed.

L. C. Wang; S. C. Hou; X. X. Yi; Daoyi Dong; Ian R. Petersen

2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

402

Real space estimator for the weak lensing convergence from the CMB  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose an estimator defined in real space for the reconstruction of the weak lensing potential due to the intervening large scale structure from high resolution maps of the cosmic microwave background. This estimator was motivated as an alternative to the quadratic estimator in harmonic space to surpass the difficulties of the analysis of maps containing galactic cuts and point source excisions. Using maps synthesised by pixel remapping, we implement the estimator for two experiments, namely one in the absence and one in the presence of detector noise, and compare the reconstruction of the convergence field with that obtained with the quadratic estimator defined in harmonic space. We find good agreement between the input and the reconstructed power spectra using the proposed real space estimator. We discuss interesting features of the real space estimator and future extensions of this work.

Carvalho, C S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Spatially averaged heat flux and convergence measurements at the ARM regional flux experiment  

SciTech Connect

Cloud formation and its relation to climate change is the greatest weakness in current numerical climate models. Surface heat flux in some cases causes clouds to form and in other to dissipate and the differences between these cases are subtle enough to make parameterization difficult in a numerical model. One of the goals of the DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program is to make long term measurements at representative sites to improve radiation and cloud formation parameterization. This paper compares spatially averaged optical measurements of heat flux and convergence with a goal of determining how point measurements of heat fluxes scale up to the larger scale used for climate modeling. It was found that the various optical techniques used in this paper compared well with each other and with independent measurements. These results add confidence that spatially averaging optical techniques can be applied to transform point measurements to the larger scales needed for mesoscale and climate modeling. 10 refs., 6 figs. (MHB)

Porch, W.; Barnes, F.; Buchwald, M.; Clements, W.; Cooper, D.; Hoard, D. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)); Doran, C.; Hubbe, J.; Shaw, W. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)); Coulter, R.; Martin, T. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Kunkel, K. (Illinois State Water Survey, Champaign, IL (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

CONVERGENCE STUDIES OF MASS TRANSPORT IN DISKS WITH GRAVITATIONAL INSTABILITIES. I. THE CONSTANT COOLING TIME CASE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We conduct a convergence study of a protostellar disk, subject to a constant global cooling time and susceptible to gravitational instabilities (GIs), at a time when heating and cooling are roughly balanced. Our goal is to determine the gravitational torques produced by GIs, the level to which transport can be represented by a simple {alpha}-disk formulation, and to examine fragmentation criteria. Four simulations are conducted, identical except for the number of azimuthal computational grid points used. A Fourier decomposition of non-axisymmetric density structures in cos (m{phi}), sin (m{phi}) is performed to evaluate the amplitudes A{sub m} of these structures. The A{sub m} , gravitational torques, and the effective Shakura and Sunyaev {alpha} arising from gravitational stresses are determined for each resolution. We find nonzero A{sub m} for all m-values and that A{sub m} summed over all m is essentially independent of resolution. Because the number of measurable m-values is limited to half the number of azimuthal grid points, higher-resolution simulations have a larger fraction of their total amplitude in higher-order structures. These structures act more locally than lower-order structures. Therefore, as the resolution increases the total gravitational stress decreases as well, leading higher-resolution simulations to experience weaker average gravitational torques than lower-resolution simulations. The effective {alpha} also depends upon the magnitude of the stresses, thus {alpha}{sub eff} also decreases with increasing resolution. Our converged {alpha}{sub eff} is consistent with predictions from an analytic local theory for thin disks by Gammie, but only over many dynamic times when averaged over a substantial volume of the disk.

Michael, Scott; Steiman-Cameron, Thomas Y.; Durisen, Richard H. [Astronomy Department, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405 (United States); Boley, Aaron C., E-mail: scamicha@astro.indiana.edu, E-mail: tomsc@astro.indiana.edu, E-mail: durisen@astro.indiana.edu, E-mail: aaron.boley@gmail.com [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States)

2012-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

405

Benton County, Arkansas ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Arkansas ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Benton County, Arkansas ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number Climate Zone...

406

Allen County, Indiana ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Indiana ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Allen County, Indiana ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number Climate Zone...

407

Benton County, Missouri ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Missouri ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Benton County, Missouri ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number Climate Zone...

408

Adams County, Nebraska ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nebraska ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Adams County, Nebraska ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number Climate Zone...

409

Adair County, Iowa ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Iowa ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Adair County, Iowa ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number Climate Zone Number 5...

410

Adair County, Oklahoma ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oklahoma ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Adair County, Oklahoma ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number Climate Zone...

411

Adams County, Illinois ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Illinois ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Adams County, Illinois ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number Climate Zone...

412

Allen County, Kentucky ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kentucky ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Allen County, Kentucky ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number Climate Zone...

413

Benton County, Iowa ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Iowa ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Benton County, Iowa ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number Climate Zone Number...

414

Field evidence for strong chemical separation of contaminants in the Hanford Vadose Zone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemical Transport in the Hanford vadose zone Conrad et al.Chemical Transport in the Hanford vadose zone Conrad et al.Vadose Zone Pore Fluids at Hanford, Washington: Vadose Zone

Conrad, Mark E.; DePaolo, Donald J.; Maher, Katharine; Gee, Glendon W.; Ward, Anderson L.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Ada County, Idaho ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Idaho ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Jump to: navigation, search County Climate Zone Place Ada County, Idaho ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number Climate Zone Number 5...

416

Benewah County, Idaho ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Benewah County, Idaho ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number Climate Zone Number 5 Climate Zone Subtype Climate Zone Subtype B Start Date 2006-01-01 Source: ASHRAE 169...

417

Bannock County, Idaho ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bannock County, Idaho ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number Climate Zone Number 6 Climate Zone Subtype Climate Zone Subtype B Start Date 2006-01-01 Source: ASHRAE 169...

418

Bear Lake County, Idaho ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bear Lake County, Idaho ASHRAE Standard ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone Number Climate Zone Number 6 Climate Zone Subtype Climate Zone Subtype B Start Date 2006-01-01 Source: ASHRAE...

419

A globally convergent algorithm for the frequency sounding and Slichter-Langer-Tikhonov problem of electrical prospecting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper presents a globally convergent algorithm for solving coefficient inverse problems. Being rooted in the globally convergent numerical method (SIAM J. Sci. Comput., 31, No.1 (2008), pp. 478-509) for solving multidimensional coefficient inverse problems, it has two distinctive features: the new iterative and refinement procedures. These novelties enhance, sometimes significantly, both the spatial and contrast resolutions. The computational effectiveness of the proposed technique is demonstrated in numerical experiments with two applied coefficient inverse problems: electromagnetic or acoustic frequency sounding and electrical prospecting of layered media. The Slichter-Langer-Tikhonov formulation is exploited as a mathematical model of the latter.

Michael V. Klibanov; Alexandre Timonov

2013-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

420

NaturAnalogs for the Unsaturated Zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this Analysis/Model Report (AMR) is to document natural and anthropogenic (human-induced) analog sites and processes that are applicable to flow and transport processes expected to occur at the potential Yucca Mountain repository in order to build increased confidence in modeling processes of Unsaturated Zone (UZ) flow and transport. This AMR was prepared in accordance with ''AMR Development Plan for U0135, Natural Analogs for the UZ'' (CRWMS 1999a). Knowledge from analog sites and processes is used as corroborating information to test and build confidence in flow and transport models of Yucca Mountain, Nevada. This AMR supports the Unsaturated Zone (UZ) Flow and Transport Process Model Report (PMR) and the Yucca Mountain Site Description. The objectives of this AMR are to test and build confidence in the representation of UZ processes in numerical models utilized in the UZ Flow and Transport Model. This is accomplished by: (1) applying data from Boxy Canyon, Idaho in simulations of UZ flow using the same methodologies incorporated in the Yucca Mountain UZ Flow and Transport Model to assess the fracture-matrix interaction conceptual model; (2) Providing a preliminary basis for analysis of radionuclide transport at Pena Blanca, Mexico as an analog of radionuclide transport at Yucca Mountain; and (3) Synthesizing existing information from natural analog studies to provide corroborating evidence for representation of ambient and thermally coupled UZ flow and transport processes in the UZ Model.

A. Simmons; A. Unger; M. Murrell

2000-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

City of Los Angeles - Zoning Code | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Zoning Code Zoning Code City of Los Angeles - Zoning Code < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Program Info State California Program Type Solar/Wind Access Policy Provider Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Chapter I of Los Angeles' Municipal Code, Height of Building or Structures, provides an exemption for solar energy devices, or similar structures. They may be erected above the height limit specified in the district in which the property is located. In all zones, solar devices may exceed the roof surface by 3 feet even if the roof surface is at or above the allowable building height limit. In all zones except R1 and more restrictive zones,

422

City of Austin - Zoning Code | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

City of Austin - Zoning Code City of Austin - Zoning Code City of Austin - Zoning Code < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Fed. Government Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Other Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Texas Program Type Solar/Wind Access Policy The Zoning Code (Chapter 25-2) of the Austin City Code provides a height limitation exemption for solar installations. Solar installations may exceed the zoning district height limit by 15% or the amount necessary to comply with a federal or state regulation, whichever is greater. The Zoning Code also allows for preservation plan in historic districts to incorporate sustainability measures such as solar technologies and other energy

423

Small Wind Innovation Zone and Model Ordinance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Wind Innovation Zone and Model Ordinance Small Wind Innovation Zone and Model Ordinance Small Wind Innovation Zone and Model Ordinance < Back Eligibility Institutional Local Government Schools State Government Utility Savings Category Wind Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Iowa Program Type Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Provider Iowa League of Cities In May 2009, the Iowa legislature created the Small Wind Innovation Zone Program, which allows any city, county, or other political subdivision to create small wind innovation zones that promote small wind production. In order to qualify for the designation, the city must adopt the Small Wind Innovation Zone Model Ordinance and also establish an expedited approval process for small wind energy systems. System owners must also enter into a

424

Maryland Enterprise Zone Tax Credits (Maryland) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Maryland Enterprise Zone Tax Credits (Maryland) Maryland Enterprise Zone Tax Credits (Maryland) Maryland Enterprise Zone Tax Credits (Maryland) < Back Eligibility Commercial Developer Industrial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Maryland Program Type Enterprise Zone Provider Maryland Department of Business and Economic Development Businesses locating in a Maryland Enterprise Zone may be eligible for income tax and real property tax credits in return for job creation and investments. Businesses located in one of two focus areas are also be eligible for personal property tax credits. There are two forms of Enterprise Zone Tax Credits: (1) Ten-year credit against local real property taxes on a portion of real property improvements. The credit is

425

Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transition Zone Geothermal Region Transition Zone Geothermal Region Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Details Areas (37) Power Plants (15) Projects (10) Techniques (30) Map: {{{Name}}} The northern Walker Lane (NWL) is a structurally complex zone of transition between the Sierra Nevada/Great Valley microplate and the Basin and Range Province. It is a major right-lateral shear zone which has been defined on both physiographic and geologic grounds Evidence from seismic and geologic studies together indicate that this 100 km wide zone is actively deforming and accommodates 20% of the relative motion between the Pacific and North American plates. Block modeling of crustal deformation of the northern Walker Lane and Basin and Range from GPS velocities[1]

426

Oklahoma Local Development and Enterprise Zone Incentive Leverage Act  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Development and Enterprise Zone Incentive Leverage Local Development and Enterprise Zone Incentive Leverage Act (Oklahoma) Oklahoma Local Development and Enterprise Zone Incentive Leverage Act (Oklahoma) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Tribal Government Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Oklahoma Program Type Enterprise Zone Provider Commerce The Oklahoma Local Development and Enterprise Zone Incentive Leverage Act provides funding for local units of government to match local tax revenue dedicated to support a project located in an enterprise zone. No more than

427

Climate Zone Number 6 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6 is defined as 6 is defined as Cold - Humid(6A) with IP Units 7200 < HDD65ºF ≤ 9000 and SI Units 4000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 5000 Dry(6B) with IP Units 7200 < HDD65ºF ≤ 9000 and SI Units 4000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 5000 . The following places are categorized as class 6 climate zones: Adams County, Idaho Adams County, North Dakota Adams County, Wisconsin Addison County, Vermont Alamosa County, Colorado Albany County, Wyoming Alcona County, Michigan Alger County, Michigan Allamakee County, Iowa Allegany County, New York Alpena County, Michigan Alpine County, California Androscoggin County, Maine Anoka County, Minnesota Antrim County, Michigan Archuleta County, Colorado Arenac County, Michigan Aurora County, South Dakota Bannock County, Idaho Barron County, Wisconsin Beadle County, South Dakota

428

Climate Zone Subtype B | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

B B Jump to: navigation, search Dry (B) definition-Locations meeting the following criteria: not marine and P < 0.44 × (T - 19.5) [I-P units] P < 2.0 × (T + 7) [SI units] where P = annual precipitation in inches (cm) and T = annual mean temperature in °F (°C). The following places are categorized as subtype B climate zones: Ada County, Idaho Adams County, Colorado Adams County, Idaho Adams County, Washington Alamosa County, Colorado Albany County, Wyoming Alpine County, California Amador County, California Andrews County, Texas Apache County, Arizona Arapahoe County, Colorado Archuleta County, Colorado Armstrong County, Texas Asotin County, Washington Baca County, Colorado Bailey County, Texas Baker County, Oregon Bandera County, Texas Bannock County, Idaho

429

Near-field/altered-zone models report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy is studying Yucca Mountain as the possible site for the first underground repository for permanent disposal of spent fuel from commercial nuclear reactors as well as for other types high-level nuclear waste. Emplacement of high-level radioactive waste, especially commercial spent nuclear fuel (CSNF), in Yucca Mountain will release a large amount of heat into the rock above and below the repository. The heating rate will decrease with time, creating a thermal pulse. Over a period of several thousand years, the rock temperature will rise initially, then drop when the production of decay heat falls below the rate at which heat escapes from the hot zone. Besides raising the rock temperature, much of this heat will vaporize water, which will then condense in cooler regions. The condensate is likely to form a gravity-driven heat pipe above the repository, creating the possibility that water may drain back onto the waste packages (WPs) or that it may ''shed'' through the pillars between emplacement drifts. The long-term importance of these effects has been investigated through the development, testing, and application of thermohydrologic (TH) models. Other effects, such coupled chemical and mechanical processes, may also influence the movement of water above, within, and below the emplacement drifts. A recent report on thermally driven coupled processes (Hardin and Chesnut, 1997) provides a qualitative assessment of the probable significance of these processes for the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMSCP) and is the phenomenological framework for the present report. This report describes the conceptual and numerical models that have been developed to predict the thermal, mechanical, hydrologic, and chemical responses to the cumulative heat production of the potential host rock at Yucca Mountain. As proposed, the repository horizon will be situated within the Topopah Spring tuff, in the adjacent middle nonlithophysal and lower lithophysal units. These units are made up of moderately to densely welded, devitrified, fractured tuff. The rock's chemical composition is comparable to that of typical granite, but has textural features and mineralogical characteristics of large-scale, silicic volcanism. Because the repository horizon will be approximately 300 m below the ground surface and 200 m above the water table, the repository will be partially saturated. The welded tuff matrix in the host units is highly impermeable, but water and gas flow readily through fractures. The degree of fracturing in these units is highly variable, and the hydrologic significance of fracturing is an important aspect of site investigation. This report describes the characterization and modeling of a region around the potential repository--the altered zone--a region in which the temperature will be increased significantly by waste-generated heat. Numerical simulation has shown that, depending on the boundary conditions, rock properties, and repository design features incorporated in the models, the altered zone (AZ) may extend from the water table to the ground surface. This report also describes models of the near field, the region comprising the repository emplacement drifts and the surrounding rock, which are critical to the performance of engineered components. Investigations of near-field and altered-zone (NF/AZ) processes support the design of underground repository facilities and engineered barriers and also provide constraint data for probabilistic calculations of waste-isolation performance (i.e., performance assessment). The approach to investigation, which is an iterative process involving hypothesis testing and experimentation, has relied on conceptualizing engineered barriers and on performance analysis. This report is a collection, emphasizing conceptual and numerical models, of the recent results contributed from studies of NF/AZ processes and of quantitative measures of NF/AZ performance. The selection and presentation of contributions are intended to show the iterative development of understand

Hardin, E. L., LLNL

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

SITE-SCALE SATURATED ZONE TRANSPORT  

SciTech Connect

This work provides a site-scale transport model for calculating radionuclide transport in the saturated zone (SZ) at Yucca Mountain, for use in the abstractions model in support of ''Total System Performance Assessment for License Application'' (TSPA-LA). The purpose of this model report is to provide documentation for the components of the site-scale SZ transport model in accordance with administrative procedure AP-SIII.10Q, Models. The initial documentation of this model report was conducted under the ''Technical Work Plan For: Saturated Zone Flow and Transport Modeling and Testing'' (BSC 2003 [DIRS 163965]). The model report has been revised in accordance with the ''Technical Work Plan For: Natural System--Saturated Zone Analysis and Model Report Integration'', Section 2.1.1.4 (BSC 2004 [DIRS 171421]) to incorporate Regulatory Integration Team comments. All activities listed in the technical work plan that are appropriate to the transport model are documented in this report and are described in Section 2.1.1.4 (BSC 2004 [DIRS 171421]). This report documents: (1) the advection-dispersion transport model including matrix diffusion (Sections 6.3 and 6.4); (2) a description and validation of the transport model (Sections 6.3 and 7); (3) the numerical methods for simulating radionuclide transport (Section 6.4); (4) the parameters (sorption coefficient, Kd ) and their uncertainty distributions used for modeling radionuclide sorption (Appendices A and C); (5) the parameters used for modeling colloid-facilitated radionuclide transport (Table 4-1, Section 6.4.2.6, and Appendix B); and (6) alternative conceptual models and their dispositions (Section 6.6). The intended use of this model is to simulate transport in saturated fractured porous rock (double porosity) and alluvium. The particle-tracking method of simulating radionuclide transport is incorporated in the finite-volume heat and mass transfer numerical analysis (FEHM) computer code, (FEHM V2.20, STN: 10086-2.20-00) (LANL 2003 [DIRS 161725]) and is described in Section 6.4 of this report. FEHM is a three-dimensional (3-D), finite-volume, finite-element, heat and mass flow-and-transport code. This report documents the features and capabilities of the site-scale transport model for calculating radionuclide transport in the SZ at Yucca Mountain in support of the TSPA-LA. Correlative flow-model calculations using FEHM are carried out and documented in the model report ''Saturated Zone Site-Scale Flow Model'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170037]). The velocity fields are calculated by the flow model independent of the transport processes and supplied as a part of the output package from the flow model, which is then used as inputs to the transport model. Several SZ analysis model reports provide information and data needed as feed-ins for this report, and this report in turn provides technical product outputs that feed into other SZ reports. The details of inputs to the site-scale transport model are provided in Section 4.

S. KELLER

2004-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

431

Inflatable Evergreen Polar Zone Dome (EPZD) Settlements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sustaining human life at the Earth antipodal Polar Regions is very difficult especially during Winter when water-freezing air temperature, blizzards and whiteouts make normal human existence dangerous. To counter these environmental stresses, we offer the innovative artificial Evergreen Polar Zone Dome (EPZD), an inflated half-hemisphere with interiors continuously providing a Mediterranean Sea-like climate. The Evergreen EPZD structural theory is developed, substantiated by key computations that show it is possible for current building technology to construct and heat large enclosed volumes inexpensively. Specifically, a satisfactory result is reached by using sunlight reflectors and a special double thin film, which concentrates all available solar energy inside the EPZD while, at the same time markedly decreasing the heat loss to exterior Polar Region air. Someday a similar, but remarkably more technological, EPZD design may be employed at proposed Moon and Mars settlements. Key words: artificial hemisphere, inflatable film building, Polar Region homes, solar energy concentrator.

Alexander Bolonkin; Richard Cathcart

2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

432

Climate Zone Subtype C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

C C Jump to: navigation, search Marine (C) definition-Locations meeting all four criteria: 1. Mean temperature of coldest month between 27°F (-3°C) and 65°F (18°C) 2. Warmest month mean < 72°F (22°C) 3. At least four months with mean temperatures over 50°F (10°C) 4. Dry season in summer. The month with the heaviest precipitation in the cold season has at least three times as much precipitation as the month with the least precipitation in the rest of the year. The cold season is October through March in the Northern Hemisphere and April through September in the Southern Hemisphere. The following places are categorized as subtype C climate zones: Alameda County, California Benton County, Oregon Clackamas County, Oregon Clallam County, Washington Clark County, Washington

433

Climate Zone Number 2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2 is defined as 2 is defined as Hot - Humid(2A) with IP Units 6300 < CDD50ºF ≤ 9000 and SI Units 3500 < CDD10ºC ≤ 5000 Dry(2B) with IP Units 6300 < CDD50ºF ≤ 9000 and SI Units 3500 < CDD10ºC ≤ 5000 . The following places are categorized as class 2 climate zones: Acadia Parish, Louisiana Alachua County, Florida Allen Parish, Louisiana Anderson County, Texas Angelina County, Texas Appling County, Georgia Aransas County, Texas Ascension Parish, Louisiana Assumption Parish, Louisiana Atascosa County, Texas Atkinson County, Georgia Austin County, Texas Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana Bacon County, Georgia Baker County, Florida Baker County, Georgia Baldwin County, Alabama Bandera County, Texas Bastrop County, Texas Bay County, Florida Beauregard Parish, Louisiana Bee County, Texas

434

Mixing materials within zone boundaries using shape overlays  

SciTech Connect

Shape overlays provide a means of statically imposing a physical region containing specified material properties onto a zoned mesh. In the most general case, material interface boundaries are unrelated to mesh zone boundaries, causing zones to contain a mixture of materials, and the mesh itself is not uniform in physical space. We develop and apply an algorithm for shape overlays on nonorthogonal, nonuniform meshes in two dimensions. Examples of shape generation in a multiblock uid dynamics code are shown.

Grandy, J.

1997-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

435

Convergence of a Numerical Scheme for the Hamilton-Jacobi Equation: a New Approach with the Adjoint Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a numerical scheme for the one dimensional time dependent Hamilton-Jacobi equation in the periodic setting. We present a new and simple proof of the rate of convergence of the approximations based on the adjoint method recently introduced by Evans.

Cagnetti, Filippo; Tran, Hung V

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Fast track article: Looking ahead in pervasive computing: Challenges and opportunities in the era of cyber-physical convergence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The physical environment is becoming more and more saturated with computing and communication entities that interact among themselves, as well as with users: virtually everything will be enabled to source information and respond to appropriate stimuli. ... Keywords: Cyber-physical convergence, Cyber-world security, Data storage, Opportunistic networking and computing, Pervasive computing, Quality of Information, Self-*, Social networks, Wearable computing

Marco Conti; Sajal K. Das; Chatschik Bisdikian; Mohan Kumar; Lionel M. Ni; Andrea Passarella; George Roussos; Gerhard Tröster; Gene Tsudik; Franco Zambonelli

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Surface Wind Convergence as a Short-Term Predictor of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning at Kennedy Space Center  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-to-ground lightning is a significant forecast problem at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Florida. In this study, cloud-to-ground lightning is related in time and space to surface convergence for 244 days during the convective seasons of ...

Andrew I. Watson; Ronald L. Holle; Raúl E. López; Robert Ortiz; James R. Nicholson

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

On the Role of Sea Surface Temperature Gradients in Forcing Low-Level Winds and Convergence in the Tropics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We examine the importance of pressure gradients due to surface temperature gradients to low-level (p ? 700 mb) flow and convergence in the tropics over time scales 1 month. The latter plays a crucial role in determining the distribution of ...

Richard S. Lindzen; Sumant Nigam

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Mandatory Shoreland Zoning Act (Maine) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mandatory Shoreland Zoning Act (Maine) Mandatory Shoreland Zoning Act (Maine) Mandatory Shoreland Zoning Act (Maine) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Protection The Mandatory Shoreline Zoning Act functions as a directive for

440

Statewide Empire Zone Program (New York) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Statewide Empire Zone Program (New York) Statewide Empire Zone Program (New York) Statewide Empire Zone Program (New York) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools Systems Integrator Transportation Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New York Program Type Loan Program Provider New York Business Development Corporation Business that do not meet the requirements for standard financing, but are in need of capital, may qualify for NYBDC's Statewide Empire Zone

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Enterprise Zone Retraining Credit Program (South Carolina) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Retraining Credit Program (South Carolina) Retraining Credit Program (South Carolina) Enterprise Zone Retraining Credit Program (South Carolina) < Back Eligibility Commercial Agricultural Industrial Construction Installer/Contractor Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State South Carolina Program Type Enterprise Zone Training/Technical Assistance Provider South Carolina Department of Commerce The Enterprise Zone Retraining Credit Program is a discretionary incentive that helps existing industries maintain their competitive edge and retain their existing workforce by allowing them to claim a Retraining Credit for existing production employees. If approved for the Enterprise Zone

442

Kentucky Economic Opportunity Zone Program (KEOZ) (Kentucky) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Economic Opportunity Zone Program (KEOZ) (Kentucky) Economic Opportunity Zone Program (KEOZ) (Kentucky) Kentucky Economic Opportunity Zone Program (KEOZ) (Kentucky) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development Department of Financial Incentives The Kentucky Economic Opportunity Zone Program (KEOZ) focuses on the development of areas with high unemployment and poverty levels. The program provides an income tax credit of up to 100% of the Kentucky income tax liability on income generated by or arising out of the project. The approved company may require each qualified statewide employee, as

443

Energy Economic Zone Pilot Program (Florida) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Economic Zone Pilot Program (Florida) Energy Economic Zone Pilot Program (Florida) Energy Economic Zone Pilot Program (Florida) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Program Info State Florida Program Type Enterprise Zone Provider Florida Department of Economic Opportunity In the 2009 Legislative Session, the Florida Legislature established the

444

Thermal Waters Along The Konocti Bay Fault Zone, Lake County...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thermal Waters Along The Konocti Bay Fault Zone, Lake County, California- A Re-Evaluation Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Thermal...

445

Thermal Gradient Holes At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Thermal Gradient Holes At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Pritchett, 2004) Exploration...

446

Thermal Gradient Holes At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Thermal Gradient Holes At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Pritchett, 2004) Exploration...

447

Eastern Energy Zones Mapping Tool Now Available | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Addthis The Eastern Interconnection States' Planning Council (EISPC) has released the Energy Zones (EZ) Mapping Tool, a free, web-based interactive tool that will help states...

448

Trace Element Geochemical Zoning in the Roosevelt Hot Springs...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Element Geochemical Zoning in the Roosevelt Hot Springs Thermal Area, Utah Abstract Chemical interaction of thermal brines with reservoir rock in the Roosevelt Hot Springs...

449

Microbial metatranscriptomics in a permanent marine oxygen minimum zone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simultaneous characterization of taxonomic composition, metabolic gene content and gene expression in marine oxygen minimum zones (OMZs) has potential to broaden perspectives on the microbial and biogeochemical dynamics ...

Stewart, Frank J.

450

City of Austin - Zoning Code (Texas) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Code (Chapter 25-2) of the Austin City Code provides a height limitation exemption for solar installations. Solar installations may exceed the zoning district height limit by...

451

City of Austin - Zoning Code | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Code (Chapter 25-2) of the Austin City Code provides a height limitation exemption for solar installations. Solar installations may exceed the zoning district height limit by...

452

Prince George's County - Solar Zoning | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electricity Program Information Maryland Program Type Siting & Permitting Prince George's County has created special provisions for solar panels in their zoning codes. Maryland...

453

Gradient zone boundary control in salt gradient solar ponds  

SciTech Connect

A method and apparatus for suppressing zone boundary migration in a salt gradient solar pond includes extending perforated membranes across the pond at the boundaries, between the convective and non-convective zones, the perforations being small enough in size to prevent individual turbulence disturbances from penetrating the hole, but being large enough to allow easy molecular diffusion of salt thereby preventing the formation of convective zones in the gradient layer. The total area of the perforations is a sizable fraction of the membrane area to allow sufficient salt diffusion while preventing turbulent entrainment into the gradient zone.

Hull, John R. (Downers Grove, IL)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

U.S. Climate Zone Map - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Climate Zone Map Note: Cooling degree-days (CDD) and heating degree-days (HDD) are explained in the glossary.

455

DOE Solar Decathlon: 2005 Contests and Scoring - Comfort Zone  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

open. Tuskegee University incorporated a time-proven cooling strategy - a southern "dog trot" - to maximize natural ventilation. Solar Decathlon 2005 Comfort Zone (100 Points)...

456

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Central Nevada Seismic Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Biasi, Et Al., 2009) Exploration...

457

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Biasi, Et Al., 2009) Exploration...

458

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Pritchett, 2004) Exploration...

459

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Central Nevada Seismic Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2003) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity:...

460

Evaluation and performance prediction of cooling tower rain zones.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Cooling tower rain zone performance characteristics such as the loss coefficient and the Merkel number are evaluated and simulated. To this end the influence of… (more)

Pierce, Darren John

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "intertropical convergence zone" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Geographic Information System At Central Nevada Seismic Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geographic Information System At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Laney, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geographic...

462

Geographic Information System At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geographic Information System At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2003)...

463

Geographic Information System At Central Nevada Seismic Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geographic Information System At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Blewitt, Et Al., 2003) Exploration...

464

Geographic Information System At Central Nevada Seismic Zone...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geographic Information System At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2005 - 2)...

465

Production from multiple zones of a tar sands formation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for treating a tar sands formation includes providing heat to at least part of a hydrocarbon layer in the formation from a plurality of heaters located in the formation. The heat is allowed to transfer from the heaters to at least a portion of the formation. Fluids are produced from the formation through at least one production well that is located in at least two zones in the formation. The first zone has an initial permeability of at least 1 darcy. The second zone has an initial of at most 0.1 darcy. The two zones are separated by a substantially impermeable barrier.

Karanikas, John Michael; Vinegar, Harold J

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

466

Low-level convergence and its role in convective intensity and frequency over the Houston lightning and rainfall anomaly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An increase in the amount of lightning and rainfall over the Houston area, compared to the surrounding rural areas, has been well documented in previous studies. The placement of a Shared Mobile Atmospheric Research and Teaching Radar (SMART-R) in the Houston area during the summer season of 2005 presented a unique opportunity to investigate the role of boundary-layer convergence in modulating convective frequency and intensity and, thereby, likely causing the rainfall and lightning anomalies. The role of the urban heat island (UHI) and the sea-breeze, as a source of low-level convergence leading to enhanced convection over Houston, was examined. Hourly average dual-Doppler wind and convergence maps were created on 1 X 1 km grids for an eleven-week period. By using these images along with average lightning, rainfall, and reflectivity for a large Houston-centered domain, it was possible to discern a correlation between low-level convergence and convection. Also, past findings of enhancement in lightning and rainfall over Houston and downwind of Houston were validated. High convergence levels for the Houston area in the mid-morning were followed closely by a peak in convection in the early afternoon. The enhancement of rainfall and lightning over and downwind of downtown was found to be primarily from a large increase in frequency of deep convective events when compared to the surrounding domain. Also, it was found that UHI, rather than sea-breeze, was likely the primary causative mechanism in the development of convection over the Houston area because of the lack of deep convection in areas equally affected by the sea-breeze and the timing of the convection compared to time of peak sea-breeze. An area of weaker enhancement south of Houston, not discussed in previous studies, was found to be present, possibly from the interactions between the bay-breeze off of the Galveston Bay and the seabreeze.

McNear, Veronica Ann

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Velocity models, material balance and solution convergence in streamline-based simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis addresses two important issues related to streamline-based flow simulation. The first issue deals with velocity models, specifically, how to determine the velocity models in various geometries in 2D and 3D space, and how to draw streamlines and calculate time of flight in various gridblock systems. The present research builds on the previous work of Cordes and Kinzelbach, 1992. Transformations from the real space of {x,y,z} to the unit cube space of {?, ?, ?} have been extensively utilized to draw the streamlines in 2D and 3D corner point cell geometry and also to calculate the time of flight. The use of cell-averaged jacobian of the transformation, as is typically done in streamline simulators to determine the time of flight is investigated for its accuracy. The impact of cell skewness in time of flight calculations is also investigated. Our results indicate that the cell-averaged jacobian leads to incorrect time of flight. The second issue that is addressed is related to material balance error during streamline simulation. The material balance error is generated during the discretization of gridblock into streamtubes ([]-discretizations) and also during the saturation assignment to a streamline from the gridblock and vice versa ([]-discretizations). The behavior of the material balance error associated with []-discretizations is studied with respect to parameters like the selection of the gridblock and the number of streamlines in the gridblock. Furthermore, we also examine the behavior of the error associated with []-discretizations with respect to the size of the discretizations along a streamline. Our results show that the material balance error associated with []-discretizations converges slowly (with a slope of -1.0) in a gridblock, if it has a stagnation point. However, if the gridblock does not have any stagnation point in it, then the error converges faster (with a slope of -2.0). For the []-discretizations along a streamline, the L? and L[] Norm errors are shown to be inversely proportional to the number of []-discretizations. The L? Norm error is shown to be inversely proportional to the square root of the number of []-discretizations.

Sabir, Kamran

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Simulating the Upper Barren Zone and the Ore Zone tests performed with the EMC logging tool  

SciTech Connect

The primary purpose of the Multispectral Nuclear Logging project is to assess the effectiveness of applying nuclear borehole-logging techniques to the Department of Energy`s (DOE) Environmental Restoration (ER) program, adapt the technology to improve these capabilities, and transfer that technology to industry. The purpose of the Monte Carlo simulations using MCNP is to predict the minimum concentration levels for environmental contaminants that could be detected by Multispectral Logging (MSL). The Monte Carlo code used for this type of simulation, MCNP, should be benchmarked against experimental data to show that the user can accurately reproduce the proper gamma-ray spectrum. Experimental data was obtained from Westinghouse-Hanford Company using the Environmental Measurements Corp. (EMC) logging tool in the Upper Barren Zone (UBZ) and Ore Zone (OZ) calibration models at Grand Junction. This paper continues the discussion of benchmarking MCNP using the UBZ and OZ data.

Frankle, S.C.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Convergence for the Smart Grid -On the technology opportunities for Future Cyber-Physical Energy Systems, invited paper at New Research Directions for Future Cyber-Physical Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Convergence for the Smart Grid - On the technology opportunities for Future Cyber-Physical Energy Angeles, CA. 90095 http://winmec.ucla.edu Email:smartgrid@winmec.ucla.edu Convergence for the Smart Grid into what the Future / Smart Electric Grid should look like. For example the DOE has a vision for the Modern

California at Los Angeles, University of

470

Posters  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 Posters The Effects of Radiative Transfer in Maintaining the Indian Summer Monsoon M. J. Leach and S. Raman Department of Marine, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences North Carolina State University Raleigh, North Carolina Introduction Atmospheric radiative transfer is an important thermodynamic forcing for the Indian summer monsoon. The Indian summer monsoon is a component of a larger scale circulation system the principal components of which are the Hadley cell and the Walker Circulation. The Hadley cell is a thermally direct circulation that transports heat toward the poles. In the northern hemispheric summer, the ascending branch of the Hadley cell moves northward, driven by heating of the land masses. This ascending branch of the Hadley cell is commonly referred to as the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ).

471

ARM - Field Campaign - Year of Tropical Convection (YOTC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsYear of Tropical Convection (YOTC) govCampaignsYear of Tropical Convection (YOTC) Campaign Links Year of Tropical Convection Website Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Year of Tropical Convection (YOTC) 2008.05.01 - 2010.04.30 Lead Scientist : Sally McFarlane Description Example of a sonde profile available from the ARM Archive The realistic representation of tropical convection in global atmospheric models is a long-standing challenge for weather and global climate models. The lack of fundamental knowledge in this area causes difficulties in modeling and predicting prominent phenomena of the tropical atmosphere such as the inter-tropical convergence zone (ITCZ), El-Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO), monsoons, the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), tropical cyclones,

472

1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Observation of 4-5 Day Meridional Wind Observation of 4-5 Day Meridional Wind and Surface Stress Oscillations During Nauru99 A. A. Grachev and J. E. Hare University of Colorado Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado C. W. Fairall National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado Introduction The existence of the easterly wave disturbances in the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) has been recognized since early studies in the 1940s and 1950s (e.g., Riehl 1945). These synoptic-scale disturbances are westward propagating organized structures moving parallel to the equator. They are observed within the intertropical convergence zone (westward direction is associated with the trade

473

1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aerosol Forcing from the Indian Ocean Experiment Aerosol Forcing from the Indian Ocean Experiment and the ARM-SGP A. M. Vogelmann, V. Ramanathan, and S. K. Satheesh Center for Atmospheric Sciences & Center for Clouds, Chemistry and Climate Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego San Diego, California Introduction The tropical Indian Ocean provides an ideal and unique natural laboratory to observe and understand the role of anthropogenic aerosols in climate forcing. This region is probably the only place in the world where an intense source of anthropogenic aerosols, trace gases, and their reaction products (e.g., sulfates, ozone) from the northern hemisphere is directly connected to the pristine air of the southern hemisphere by a cross-equatorial monsoonal flow into the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ).

474

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility Annual Report 2006  

SciTech Connect

This annual report describes the purpose and structure of the ARM Climate Research Facility and ARM Science programs and presents key accomplishments in 2006. Noteworthy scientific and infrastructure accomplishments in 2006 include: • Collaborating with the Australian Bureau of Meteorology to lead the Tropical Warm Pool-International Cloud Experiment, a major international field campaign held in Darwin, Australia • Successfully deploying the ARM Mobile Facility in Niger, Africa • Developing the new ARM Aerial Vehicles Program (AVP) to provide airborne measurements • Publishing a new finding on the impacts of aerosols on surface energy budget in polar latitudes • Mitigating a long-standing double-Intertropical Convergence Zone problem in climate models using ARM data and a new cumulus parameterization scheme.

LR Roeder

2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

475

A Unifying Approach to Quaternion Adaptive Filtering: Addressing the Gradient and Convergence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A novel framework for a unifying treatment of quaternion valued adaptive filtering algorithms is introduced. This is achieved based on a rigorous account of quaternion differentiability, the proposed I-gradient, and the use of augmented quaternion statistics to account for real world data with noncircular probability distributions. We first provide an elegant solution for the calculation of the gradient of real functions of quaternion variables (typical cost function), an issue that has so far prevented systematic development of quaternion adaptive filters. This makes it possible to unify the class of existing and proposed quaternion least mean square (QLMS) algorithms, and to illuminate their structural similarity. Next, in order to cater for both circular and noncircular data, the class of widely linear QLMS (WL-QLMS) algorithms is introduced and the subsequent convergence analysis unifies the treatment of strictly linear and widely linear filters, for both proper and improper sources. It is also shown that the proposed class of HR gradients allows us to resolve the uncertainty owing to the noncommutativity of quaternion products, while the involution gradient (I-gradient) provides generic extensions of the corresponding real- and complex-valued adaptive algorithms, at a reduced computational cost. Simulations in both the strictly linear and widely linear setting support the approach.

Cyrus Jahanchahi; Danilo P. Mandic

2013-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

476

Relations between three-point configuration space shear and convergence statistics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the growing interest in and ability of using weak lensing studies to probe the non-Gaussian properties of the matter density field, there is an increasing need for the study of suitable statistical measures, e.g. shear three-point statistics. In this paper we establish the relations between the three-point configuration space shear and convergence statistics, which are an important missing link between different weak lensing three-point statistics and provide an alternative way of relating observation and theory. The method we use also allows us to derive the relations between other two- and three-point correlation functions. We show the consistency of the relations obtained with already established results and demonstrate how they can be evaluated numerically. As a direct application, we use these relations to formulate the condition for E/B-mode decomposition of lensing three-point statistics, which is the basis for constructing new three-point statistics which allow for exact E/B-mode separation. Our work applies also to other two-dimensional polarization fields such as that of the Cosmic Microwave Background.

X. Shi; P. Schneider; B. Joachimi

2011-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

477

Characterization of converging shock waves generated by underwater electrical wire array explosion  

SciTech Connect

Results of {approx}200 kbar pressure generation at 50 {mu}m distance from the implosion axis of the converging shock wave produced by an underwater electrical explosion of a cylindrical wire array are reported. The array was exploded using a submicrosecond high-current generator (stored energy of {approx}4.2 kJ, current amplitude of {approx}325 kA, rise time of {approx}1 {mu}s). Multiframe shadow imaging of the shock wave was used to determine its time of flight. These data were applied for calculating the pressure at the vicinity of the implosion axis using one dimensional hydrodynamic calculations and the Whitham approach. However, it was found that in the case of wire array radius {<=}5 mm, multiframe imaging cannot be used at the final stage of the shock wave implosion because of possible changes in the optical properties of the water. Optical and spectroscopic methods based on either the change in the refraction index of the optical fiber or spectroscopy of the plasma formed inside the capillary placed at the implosion axes were used for shock wave characterization. A satisfactory agreement was found between the results obtained by these methods.

Efimov, S.; Fedotov, A.; Gleizer, S.; Gurovich, V. Tz.; Bazalitski, G.; Krasik, Ya. E. [Department of Physics, Technion, 32000 Haifa (Israel)

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

478

Generation of a 400 GPa pressure in water using converging strong shock waves  

SciTech Connect

Results related to the generation of an extreme state of water with pressure up to (4.3 {+-} 0.2){center_dot}10{sup 11} Pa, density up to 4.2 {+-} 0.1 g/cm{sup 3}, and temperature up to 2.2 {+-} 0.1 eV in the vicinity of the implosion axis of a converging strong shock wave are reported. The shock wave was produced by the underwater electrical explosion of a cylindrical Cu wire array. A {approx}8 kJ pulse generator with a current amplitude {<=}550 kA and rise time of 350 ns was used to explode arrays having varying lengths, radii, and number of wires. Hydrodynamic numerical simulations coupled to the experimental data of the shock wave propagation in water, rate of energy deposition into the array, and light emission from the compressed water in the vicinity of the implosion axis were used to determine the pressure, density, and temperature profiles during the implosion. Results of a comparison between these parameters obtained with the SESAME and quantum molecular dynamics data bases of equation of state for water are reported as well. Also, the dependences of the maximal pressure in the vicinity of the implosion axes on the array radius and the deposited energy density per unit length are reported.

Fedotov-Gefen, A.; Efimov, S.; Gilburd, L.; Bazalitski, G.; Gurovich, V. Tz.; Krasik, Ya. E. [Physics Department, Technion, 32000 Haifa (Israel)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

479

FLUX EMERGENCE IN A MAGNETIZED CONVECTION ZONE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the influence of a dynamo magnetic field on the buoyant rise and emergence of twisted magnetic flux ropes and their influence on the global external magnetic field. We ran three-dimensional MHD numerical simulations using the ASH code (anelastic spherical harmonics) and analyzed the dynamical evolution of such buoyant flux ropes from the bottom of the convection zone until the post-emergence phases. The global nature of this model can only very crudely and inaccurately represent the local dynamics of the buoyant rise of the implanted magnetic structure, but nonetheless allows us to study the influence of global effects, such as self-consistently generated differential rotation and meridional circulation, and of Coriolis forces. Although motivated by the solar context, this model cannot be thought of as a realistic model of the rise of magnetic structures and their emergence in the Sun, where the local dynamics are completely different. The properties of initial phases of the buoyant rise are determined essentially by the flux-rope's properties and the convective flows and consequently are in good agreement with previous studies. However, the effects of the interaction of the background dynamo field become increasingly strong as the flux ropes evolve. During the buoyant rise across the convection zone, the flux-rope's magnetic field strength scales as B{proportional_to}{rho}{sup {alpha}}, with {alpha} {approx}current density is observed to precede flux emergence at all longitudes. The geometry, latitude, and relative orientation of the flux ropes with respect to the background magnetic field influences the resulting rise speeds, zonal flow amplitudes (which develop within the flux ropes), and the corresponding surface signatures. This influences the morphology, duration and amplitude of the surface shearing, and the Poynting flux associated with magnetic flux-rope emergence. The emerged magnetic flux influences the system's global polarity, leading in some cases to a polarity reversal while inhibiting the background dynamo from doing so in others. The emerged magnetic flux is slowly advected poleward while being diffused and assimilated by the background dynamo field.

Pinto, R. F.; Brun, A. S., E-mail: rui.pinto@cea.fr [Laboratoire AIM Paris-Saclay, CEA/Irfu Universite Paris-Diderot CNRS/INSU, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France)

2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

480

Two-zone countercurrent smelter system and process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for continuously smelting iron ore by use of coal to yield molten iron or semi-steel is disclosed. The process comprises the steps of establishing a melt covered by slag; inducing the slag and the molten iron to flow countercurrently to one another, toward opposite ends of the smelter; maintaining iron oxide-reducing conditions in that zone of the smelter towards which the slag flows; maintaining carbon-oxidizing conditions in that zone of the smelter towards which the molten iron flows; continuously or semicontinuously tapping the slag from the reducing zone end of the smelter; continuously or semicontinuously tapping the molten iron from the oxidizing zone end of the smelter; and adding to both zones iron ore, coal, oxygen, and flux at addition rates sufficient to keep the molten iron in the reducing zone substantially saturated with carbon, maintain in the slag being tapped an FeO content of about 5 weight percent or less, and maintain in the molten iron being tapped a carbon content of about 0.5 to 5 weight percent. A slag dam preferably is included in the smelter, to impede the backflow of the slag from the reducing zone to the oxidizing zone. A metal bath dam with one or more flow-through portals also is preferably used, submerged below the slag dam, to impede the backflow of the hot metal. 8 figures.

Cox, J.H.; Fruehan, R.J.; Elliott, J.F.

1995-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Partitioning Routing Area into Zones with Distinct Pins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Topological routing has gained importance in state-of-the-art layout synthesis. This paper poses the problem of partitioning the routing area of a given placement into a minimum set of zones such that in each zone, no two pins belong to the same net. ...

K. Sinha; S. Sur-Kolay; B. B. Bhattacharya; P. S. Dasgupta

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Significance of Soft Zone Sediments at the SRS  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to provide information on the origin, extent and stability of ''soft zones'' in the carbonate bearing strata at the Savannah River Site (SRS). As part of this study, a comprehensive historical compendium of how soft zones have been addressed during the past 47 years at SRS is reviewed.

Aadland, R.K.

2000-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

483

The Enterprise Zone Program (District of Columbia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Enterprise Zone Program (District of Columbia) The Enterprise Zone Program (District of Columbia) The Enterprise Zone Program (District of Columbia) < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Enterprise Zone Provider Office of the Deputy Mayor for Planning and Economic Development The Enterprise Zone Program offers the following tax incentives to businesses in certain District neighborhoods: Employee Tax Credits--up to $3000 for each full-time employee; Work Opportunity Credits--up to $2400 for each employee from targeted demographic groups; Welfare to Work Credits--up to $3500 and $5000 for the first and second years employment,

484

Geographic Information System At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2005 - 2) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geographic Information System At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2005 - 2) Exploration Activity Details Location Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Geographic Information System Activity Date Usefulness useful regional reconnaissance DOE-funding Unknown References Mark Coolbaugh, Richard Zehner, Corne Kreemer, David Blackwell, Gary Oppliger (2005) A Map Of Geothermal Potential For The Great Basin, Usa- Recognition Of Multiple Geothermal Environments Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Geographic_Information_System_At_Central_Nevada_Seismic_Zone_Region_(Coolbaugh,_Et_Al.,_2005_-_2)&oldid=401371

485

Solar-Powered, School-Zone Safety | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar-Powered, School-Zone Safety Solar-Powered, School-Zone Safety Solar-Powered, School-Zone Safety November 8, 2010 - 9:00am Addthis Solar-powered flashing LED beacons are making Bethany, OK, schoolchildren safer by reminding drivers to abide by posted school-zone speeds. | Photo Courtesy of Bethany, OK | Solar-powered flashing LED beacons are making Bethany, OK, schoolchildren safer by reminding drivers to abide by posted school-zone speeds. | Photo Courtesy of Bethany, OK | Joshua DeLung What does this project do? $207,225 Recovery Act grant helps install 47 flashing beacons at schools. $7,560 avoided electric-bill costs yearly through use of solar technology. 50,000-hour life on LED beacons flashing 3 hours daily, 180 days each year. Nothing grabs drivers' attention quite like flashing lights - luckily,

486

Data Acquisition-Manipulation At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2005 - 2) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Data Acquisition-Manipulation At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2005 - 2) Exploration Activity Details Location Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Data Acquisition-Manipulation Activity Date Usefulness useful regional reconnaissance DOE-funding Unknown References Mark Coolbaugh, Richard Zehner, Corne Kreemer, David Blackwell, Gary Oppliger (2005) A Map Of Geothermal Potential For The Great Basin, Usa- Recognition Of Multiple Geothermal Environments Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Data_Acquisition-Manipulation_At_Central_Nevada_Seismic_Zone_Region_(Coolbaugh,_Et_Al.,_2005_-_2)&oldid=401360"

487

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 8 Fairbanks,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Climate Zone and Representative City: 8 Climate Zone and Representative City: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included. refbldg_8a_usa_ak_fairbanks_post1980_v1.3_5.0.zip refbldg_8a_usa_ak_fairbanks_post1980_v1-4_7-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3A Atlanta, Georgia Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 6B Helena, Montana Reference Buildings by Building Type: Secondary school

488

Fluid Stratigraphy and Permeable Zones of the Coso Geothermal Reservoir |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stratigraphy and Permeable Zones of the Coso Geothermal Reservoir Stratigraphy and Permeable Zones of the Coso Geothermal Reservoir Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Fluid Stratigraphy and Permeable Zones of the Coso Geothermal Reservoir Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: A fence-diagram for the Coso geothermal reservoir is developed from Fluid Inclusion Stratigraphy (FIS) analyses. Fluid inclusion gas chemistry in well cuttings collected at 20 ft intervals is analyzed and plotted on well log diagrams. The working hypothesis is that select gaseous species and species ratios indicate areas of groundwater and reservoir fluid flow, fluid processes and reservoir seals. Boiling and condensate zones are distinguished. Permeable zones are indicated by a large change in

489

China-Low Carbon Development Zones | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China-Low Carbon Development Zones China-Low Carbon Development Zones Jump to: navigation, search Name China-Low Carbon Development Zones Agency/Company /Organization Third Generation Environmentalism (E3G) Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.chathamhouse.org.uk Country China UN Region Eastern Asia References Low Carbon Development Zones in China[1] Overview "Building on the successful work of the Interdependencies on Energy and Climate Security for China and Europe project, this 18 month project with E3G, the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) and the Chinese Energy Research Institute (ERI), will focus on four key areas - low carbon zones;

490

Empowerment Zone Tax Credit (Montana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Empowerment Zone Tax Credit (Montana) Empowerment Zone Tax Credit (Montana) Empowerment Zone Tax Credit (Montana) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Wind Home Weatherization Solar Program Info State Montana Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Montana Department of Revenue The Empowerment Zone Tax Credit allows for eligible businesses located in such zones a $500 credit against income tax liability for each qualifying employee the first year, $1,000 for the second year and $1,500 for the third year of employment. If the credit exceeds the taxpayers' income tax liability, the credit may be carried forward 7 years and carried back 3 years. In addition to the income tax credits, the employer is also entitled

491

Maricopa County - Renewable Energy Systems Zoning Ordinance | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Maricopa County - Renewable Energy Systems Zoning Ordinance Maricopa County - Renewable Energy Systems Zoning Ordinance Maricopa County - Renewable Energy Systems Zoning Ordinance < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Energy Sources Solar Heating & Cooling Water Heating Wind Other Program Info State Arizona Program Type Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Provider Maricopa County The Maricopa County Zoning Ordinance contains provisions for siting renewable energy systems. The ordinance defines renewable energy as "energy derived primarily from sources other than fossil fuels or nuclear fission." Renewable energy systems may be built in any zoning district within the county as long as certain siting requirements are met. Setbacks: Renewable energy systems must be set back at least 3 feet away

492

Refraction Survey At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Heimgartner, Et  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Refraction Survey At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Heimgartner, Et Refraction Survey At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Heimgartner, Et Al., 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Refraction Survey At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Heimgartner, Et Al., 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Refraction Survey Activity Date Usefulness useful regional reconnaissance DOE-funding Unknown References Michelle Heimgartner, James B. Scott, Weston Thelen, Christopher R. Lopez, John N. Louie (2005) Variable Crustal Thickness In The Western Great Basin- A Compilation Of Old And New Refraction Data Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Refraction_Survey_At_Central_Nevada_Seismic_Zone_Region_(Heimgartner,_Et_Al.,_2005)&oldid=401382

493

High gain photoconductive semiconductor switch having tailored doping profile zones  

SciTech Connect

A photoconductive semiconductor switch with tailored doping profile zones beneath and extending laterally from the electrical contacts to the device. The zones are of sufficient depth and lateral extent to isolate the contacts from damage caused by the high current filaments that are created in the device when it is turned on. The zones may be formed by etching depressions into the substrate, then conducting epitaxial regrowth in the depressions with material of the desired doping profile. They may be formed by surface epitaxy. They may also be formed by deep diffusion processes. The zones act to reduce the energy density at the contacts by suppressing collective impact ionization and formation of filaments near the contact and by reducing current intensity at the contact through enhanced current spreading within the zones.

Baca, Albert G. (Albuquerque, NM); Loubriel, Guillermo M. (Albuquerque, NM); Mar, Alan (Albuquerque, NM); Zutavern, Fred J (Albuquerque, NM); Hjalmarson, Harold P. (Albuquerque, NM); Allerman, Andrew A. (Albuquerque, NM); Zipperian, Thomas E. (Edgewood, NM); O' Malley, Martin W. (Edgewood, NM); Helgeson, Wesley D. (Albuquerque, NM); Denison, Gary J. (Sandia Park, NM); Brown, Darwin J. (Albuquerque, NM); Sullivan, Charles T. (Albuquerque, NM); Hou, Hong Q. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Solar-Powered, School-Zone Safety | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar-Powered, School-Zone Safety Solar-Powered, School-Zone Safety Solar-Powered, School-Zone Safety November 8, 2010 - 9:00am Addthis Solar-powered flashing LED beacons are making Bethany, OK, schoolchildren safer by reminding drivers to abide by posted school-zone speeds. | Photo Courtesy of Bethany, OK | Solar-powered flashing LED beacons are making Bethany, OK, schoolchildren safer by reminding drivers to abide by posted school-zone speeds. | Photo Courtesy of Bethany, OK | Joshua DeLung What does this project do? $207,225 Recovery Act grant helps install 47 flashing beacons at schools. $7,560 avoided electric-bill costs yearly through use of solar technology. 50,000-hour life on LED beacons flashing 3 hours daily, 180 days each year. Nothing grabs drivers' attention quite like flashing lights - luckily,

495

Urban Enterprise Zone Program (New Jersey) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Urban Enterprise Zone Program (New Jersey) Urban Enterprise Zone Program (New Jersey) Urban Enterprise Zone Program (New Jersey) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Enterprise Zone New Jersey's Urban Enterprise (UEZ) Program operates under the Department of Community Affairs. The UEZ Program exists to foster an economic climate that revitalizes designated urban communities and stimulates their growth by encouraging businesses to develop and create private sector jobs through public and private investment. Applicant businesses must be registered, located in one of the designated zones, be in tax compliance with the state, and certified by the Program.

496

Climate Zone Number 4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4 is defined as 4 is defined as Mixed - Humid(4A) with IP Units CDD50ºF ≤ 4500 AND 3600 < HDD65ºF ≤ 5400 and SI Units CDD10ºC ≤ 2500 AND HDD18ºC ≤ 3000 Dry(4B) with IP Units CDD50ºF ≤ 4500 AND 3600 < HDD65ºF ≤ 5400 and SI Units CDD10ºC ≤ 2500 AND HDD18ºC ≤ 3000 Mixed - Marine(4C) with IP Units 3600 < HDD65ºF ≤ 5400 and SI Units 2000 < HDD18ºC ≤ 3000 . The following places are categorized as class 4 climate zones: Accomack County, Virginia Adair County, Kentucky Adams County, Ohio Alamance County, North Carolina Albemarle County, Virginia Alexander County, Illinois Alexander County, North Carolina Alexandria County, Virginia Allegany County, Maryland Alleghany County, Virginia Allen County, Kansas Allen County, Kentucky Amador County, California

497

Saturated Zone Denitrification at California Dairies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Denitrification can effectively mitigate the problem of high nitrate concentrations in groundwater under dairy operations by reducing nitrate to N{sub 2} gas, at sites where biogeochemical conditions are favorable. We present results from field studies at central California dairies that document the occurrence of saturated-zone denitrification in shallow groundwater using biomolecular indicators, stable isotope compositions of nitrate, and measurements of dissolved excess N{sub 2} gas. Excess N{sub 2} concentrations provide a measure of the extent to which nitrate in groundwater has been partially or completely denitrified. Abundant excess N{sub 2} and young {sup 3}H/{sup 3}He apparent groundwater ages indicate high denitrification rates near manure lagoons where multiple lines of evidence indicate seepage of lagoon water into the groundwater system. Natural tracers of lagoon water include high chloride and dissolved organic carbon concentrations, distinctive trace organic compounds, and high groundwater {delta}{sup 18}O values (relative to other recharge sources). Proximal to the lagoons, NH{sub 4}{sup +} may be present in groundwater, but is strongly adsorbed on to sediment particles. Bubble formation in the lagoons causes the exsolution of other gases (N{sub 2}, Ar, Ne, He, etc.), which partition into the gas phase and strip the lagoon water of its dissolved gas load, providing a unique tracer of lagoon seepage in groundwater.

Singleton, M J; Esser, B K; Moran, J E; McNab, W W; Beller, H R

2006-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

498

Deficiencies in Vadose Zone Understanding at the INEEL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Subsurface contamination in the vadose zone, that portion of the subsurface pathway between land surface and an underlying aquifer, poses environmental problems at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) in eastern Idaho and across the U.S. Department of Energy complex. Assessing potential adverse impacts from these contaminated sites requires an understanding of the mechanisms controlling contaminant transport. Currently, vadose zone experts at the INEEL cannot with confidence predict the movement of water and contaminants in the complex, heterogeneous, fractured subsurface at the INEEL, especially within the vadose zone. In the draft version (Revision 1) of the Vadose Zone Deficiencies document, deficiencies in scientific understanding of flow and transport processes in the vadose zone at the INEEL were identified and grouped into 13 categories and recommendations were provided to address each of the deficiencies. The draft document provided the basis for an INEEL Vadose Zone Workshop that was conducted October 20 and 21, 1999, in Idaho Falls, Idaho. The workshop was conducted to group and rank the previously identified deficiencies and for the subsequent development of science plans to address the deficiencies that limit reliable predictions of water and contaminant movement in the subsurface. The workshop participants, comprising INEEL and scientists and project managers and non-INEEL scientists knowledgeable about the vadose zone, developed science- and technology-based recommendations derived through a series of technical sessions at the workshop. In this document, the final version of the Vadose Zone Deficiencies document, the draft document has been incorporated, largely intact, as well as the results from the workshop. The workshop participants grouped the deficiencies in vadose zone understanding at the INEEL into seven categories. These seven categories will be the focus areas of five science plans that are being developed to address the deficiencies. This document lays the foundation for the INEEL Site-wide vadose zone roadmap.

Wood, Thomas Ronald; Bates, Dona Louise; Bishop, Carolyn Wagoner; Heard, Robert Eugene; Hubbell, Joel Michael; Hull, Laurence Charles; Lehman, Richard Michael; Magnuson, Swen O; Mattson, Earl Douglas; Mccarthy, James Michael; Porro, Indrek; Ritter, Paul David; Roddy, Michael Scott; Singler, Robert Edward; Smith, Richard Paul

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

A MEASUREMENT OF THE CORRELATION OF GALAXY SURVEYS WITH CMB LENSING CONVERGENCE MAPS FROM THE SOUTH POLE TELESCOPE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We compare cosmic microwave background lensing convergence maps derived from South Pole Telescope (SPT) data with galaxy survey data from the Blanco Cosmology Survey, WISE, and a new large Spitzer/IRAC field designed to overlap with the SPT survey. Using optical and infrared catalogs covering between 17 and 68 deg{sup 2} of sky, we detect a correlation between the SPT convergence maps and each of the galaxy density maps at >4{sigma}, with zero correlation robustly ruled out in all cases. The amplitude and shape of the cross-power spectra are in good agreement with theoretical expectations and the measured galaxy bias is consistent with previous work. The detections reported here utilize a small fraction of the full 2500 deg{sup 2} SPT survey data and serve as both a proof of principle of the technique and an illustration of the potential of this emerging cosmological probe.

Bleem, L. E.; Becker, M. R.; Benson, B. A.; Carlstrom, J. E.; Chang, C. L.; Crawford, T. M.; Crites, A. T. [Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Van Engelen, A.; Holder, G. P.; De Haan, T.; Dobbs, M. A. [Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 Rue University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2T8 (Canada); Aird, K. A. [University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Armstrong, R. [National Center for Supercomputing Applications, University of Illinois, 1205 West Clark Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States); Ashby, M. L. N. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Biesiadzinski, T. [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, 450 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Brodwin, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri, 5110 Rockhill Road, Kansas City, MO 64110 (United States); Busha, M. T. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Zuerich, Zuerich (Switzerland); Cho, H. M. [NIST Quantum Devices Group, 325 Broadway, Mailcode 817.03, Boulder, CO 80305 (United States); Desai, S. [Department of Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet, Scheinerstr. 1, 81679 Muenchen (Germany); Dore, O. [Division of Physics, Mathematics, and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, MS 249-17, 1216 East California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); and others

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Estimating the Influence of Evaporation and Moisture-Flux Convergence upon Seasonal Precipitation Rates. Part II: An Analysis for North America Based upon the NCEP–DOE Reanalysis II Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a diagnostic metric—termed the local-convergence ratio—is used to analyze the contribution of evaporation and atmospheric moisture-flux convergence to model-based estimates of climatological precipitation over the North American ...

Bruce T. Anderson; Alex C. Ruane; John O. Roads; Masao Kanamitsu

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z