Schubert, Wayne H.
THESIS STEADY-STATE CIRCULATIONS FORCED BY DIABATIC HEATING AND WIND STRESS IN THE INTERTROPICAL-STATE CIRCULATIONS FORCED BY DIABATIC HEATING AND WIND STRESS IN THE INTERTROPICAL CONVERGENCE ZONE A number. The model is forced by prescribed diabatic heating and boundary layer wind stress curl. The circulations
Wave Patterns and Southern Hemisphere Convergence Zones
Ramotowski, Michelle R.
2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z
Data from satellites and reanalysis products are analyzed to study the behavior of wave trains in the three major Southern Hemisphere Convergences zones: the South Pacific, the South Atlantic, and the South Indian. Using ...
Diurnal cycle of the Intertropical Convergence Zone in the east Pacific
Bain, C. L; Magnusdottir, G.; Smyth, P.; Stern, H.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
fall over the tropical Pacific ocean during August 1979,the tropical Pacific and Atlantic oceans, J. Clim. , 17,systems over the west Pacific Ocean had two peaks, one at
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitĂ© de
on the Earth's surface and its geographical distribution is of prime importance for numerous solar-3027" DOI : 10.1080/01431161.2012.756598 #12;2 energy systems for heating and electrical power generation satisfactory for Europe, including Madeira Island (Aculinin 2008; Blanc et al. 2011; LefĂ¨vre et al. 2007
60 Scientific American, March 2011 Twas the abrupt sputter and stop of the boat's inboard engine at
Sachs, Julian P.
,theband couldshiftnorthbyfivedegrees by2100,dryingoutfarmlandformil- lionsofpeopleinEcuador,Colombia andelsewhere as the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). Any change in the earth's temperature, as a result of incoming solar
Why does continental convergence stop
Hynes, A.
1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Convergence between India and Asia slowed at 45 Ma when they collided, but continues today. This requires that substantial proportions of the Indian and/or Asian lithospheric mantle are still being subducted. The resulting slab-pull is probably comparable with that from complete lithospheric slabs and may promote continued continental convergence even after collision. Since descending lithospheric slabs are present at all collision zones at the time of collision such continued convergence may be general after continental collisions. It may cease only when there is a major (global) plate reorganization which results in new forces on the convergent continents that may counteract the slab-pull. These inferences may be tested on the late Paleozoic collision between Gondwanaland and Laurasia. This is generally considered to have been complete by mid-Permian time (250 Ma). However, this may be only the time of docking of Gondwanaland with North America, not that of the cessation of convergence. Paleomagnetic polar-wander paths for the Gondwanide continents exhibit consistently greater latitudinal shifts from 250 Ma to 200 Ma than those of Laurasia when corrected for post-Triassic drift, suggesting that convergence continued through late Permian well into the Triassic. It may have been accommodated by crustal thickening under what is now the US Coastal Plain, or by strike-slip faulting. Convergence may have ceased only when Pangea began to fragment again, in which case the cause for its cessation may be related to the cause of continental fragmentation.
Wave Patterns and Southern Hemisphere Convergence Zones
Ramotowski, Michelle R.
2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z
). .......................................................................................................... 54 5.2 Screenshots from a movie - PV, TCW streamers and waves piling up in the South Pacific. ........................................................................................ 56 5.3 Level plots and cross sections of atmospheric... 1984 to an idealized 9-layer GCM model and a 2-level primitive equation model. It was found that a packet may persist for more than one whole trip around the globe, and that multiple packets may be present at one time. These long-lived wave packets...
The Indian Ocean Experiment: Widespread Air Pollution from South and Southeast Asia
Dickerson, Russell R.
Indian Ocean towards the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone at about 6o S. We show that especially biofuel air quality (3-5). In rural residential areas, notably in India, the burning of biofuels, such as wood
Granite ascent and emplacement during contractional deformation in convergent orogens
Solar, Gary S.
Granite ascent and emplacement during contractional deformation in convergent orogens MICHAEL BROWN of granite melt through the crust in convergent orogens. During contractional deformation, ÂŻow of melt to weakly discordant irregular granite sheets occur in zones of higher strain, which suggests percolative
Statistical Convergence and Convergence in Statistics
Mark Burgin; Oktay Duman
2006-12-07T23:59:59.000Z
Statistical convergence was introduced in connection with problems of series summation. The main idea of the statistical convergence of a sequence l is that the majority of elements from l converge and we do not care what is going on with other elements. We show (Section 2) that being mathematically formalized the concept of statistical convergence is directly connected to convergence of such statistical characteristics as the mean and standard deviation. At the same time, it known that sequences that come from real life sources, such as measurement and computation, do not allow, in a general case, to test whether they converge or statistically converge in the strict mathematical sense. To overcome limitations induced by vagueness and uncertainty of real life data, neoclassical analysis has been developed. It extends the scope and results of the classical mathematical analysis by applying fuzzy logic to conventional mathematical objects, such as functions, sequences, and series. The goal of this work is the further development of neoclassical analysis. This allows us to reflect and model vagueness and uncertainty of our knowledge, which results from imprecision of measurement and inaccuracy of computation. In the context on the theory of fuzzy limits, we develop the structure of statistical fuzzy convergence and study its properties.
to become an internationally recognized powerhouse in a converged biotech world. CONTACT Dr. Stan Shapson- edge computer technology to acquire, analyze, and store vast amounts of data. IBM Canada provides
Corrado, Luisa; Weeks, Melvyn
2011-01-26T23:59:59.000Z
In many applications common in testing for convergence the number of cross-sectional units is large and the number of time periods are few. In these situations tests which are founded upon an omnibus null hypothesis are characterised by a number...
Convergent Evolution in Livebearing Fishes
Troendle, Nicholas
2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
CONVERGENT EVOLUTION IN LIVEBEARING FISHES A Thesis by NICHOLAS JOSEPH TROENDLE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 2012 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences Convergent Evolution in Livebearing Fishes Copyright 2012 Nicholas Joseph Troendle CONVERGENT EVOLUTION IN LIVEBEARING...
STRICTLY CONVERGENT ANALYTIC STRUCTURES 1 ...
2015-02-03T23:59:59.000Z
We study a new notion of strictly convergent analytic structure (consisting of .... the solutions of certain systems of equations may have power series solutions ...
Convergence of the k-Means Minimization Problem using -Convergence
Theil, Florian
Convergence of the k-Means Minimization Problem using -Convergence Matthew Thorpe1 , Florian Theil1-ES, Luton, LU1 3PG, United Kingdom Abstract The k-means method is an iterative clustering algorithm which space as the observed data. By relaxing this requirement, it is possible to apply the k-means method
VARIATIONAL CONVERGENCE OF BIFUNCTIONS: MOTIVATING ...
2011-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
Jan 28, 2011 ... Page 1 ... can be re-cast as finding the maxinf-points of such bifunctions. ... examples deserves a much more comprehensive analysis than what is possible to include in ..... convergence of the maxinf-points, under ancillary tightness, it now ..... (?,0) of the truncated problem don't converge to a solution of the.
2001 TRAFFIC ZONE BOUNDARIES Zone Numbers
Toronto, University of
2001 TRAFFIC ZONE BOUNDARIES Zone Numbers & Detailed Definitions #12;2001 TRAFFIC ZONE BOUNDARIES of Toronto Joint Program in Transportation January 2003 #12;PREFACE This report presents the 2001 traffic zone numbers by local municipalities in the 2001 TTS survey area. The second part presents detailed
Laat, Jos de
at the InterTropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). The marked tracer study suggests that biofuel use the globe where biofuel use and biomass burning contribute so much to the CO mixing ratios. In general, most is the dominant CO source at middle and high northern latitudes, whereas biofuel use and biomass burning are major
Evolution of the Southeast Pacific ITCZ in Boreal Spring as viewed from SSM/I and SSM/T-2
Serke, David John
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
SSM/I and SSM/T-2 microwave radiances are used to document the evolution of the Southern Intertropical Convergence Zone (SITCZ) during Boreal Spring. Combining the SSM/1's Total Precipitable Water (TPW) product with SST for 1993-1995, a Moisture...
Enterprise Zone Incentives (Florida)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Enterprise Zone Incentives encourage business growth within certain geographic areas targeted for economic revitalization. Businesses which create jobs within a designated zone are eligible for...
Gravitational `Convergence' and Cluster Masses
Tom Broadhurst
1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Two colour photometry of the cluster A1689 reveals a `relative magnification-bias' between lensed blue and red background galaxies, arising from a dependence of the faint galaxy count-slope on colour. The colour distribution is skewed blueward of the far field, allowing us to measure the cluster magnification and to understand the notorious blueness of large arcs. We show that the magnification information can be combined with the usual image distortion measurements to isolate the local `convergence' component of lensing and hence derive the projected mass. This is achieved through a simple local relation between the convergence and the observables, which can be applied generally over the surface a cluster. In the weak lensing limit, the convergence reduces to a dependence on the magnification alone, so that in the outskirts of clusters the surface-density of matter is obtained directly from the surface-density of background galaxies. Hence, useful lensing work requires colour information but not necessarily good seeing. Interestingly, convergence varies slowly at high redshift, saturating at a level depending on the Horizon distance, allowing a useful model-independent measurement of the Global Geometry.
Exponential convergence with adaptive Monte Carlo
Booth, T.E.
1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
For over a decade, it has been known that exponential convergence on discrete transport problems was possible using adaptive Monte Carlo techniques. Now, exponential convergence has been empirically demonstrated on a spatially continuous problem.
Optimization Online - Faster convergence rates of relaxed ...
Damek Davis
2014-07-19T23:59:59.000Z
Jul 19, 2014 ... Faster convergence rates of relaxed Peaceman-Rachford and ADMM under regularity assumptions. Damek Davis (damek ***at*** ...
An investigation of convergence pressure methods
Wattenbarger, Robert Chick
1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and subsequent phase behavior calculations, various physical properties of each component are needed. Table 1 lists the physical properties of each of the pure components found in the reservoir fluids. The physical properties of the C7+ must be found..., the pressure at which the K-curves appear to converge to unity is called the apparent convergence pressure. Unless stated otherwise, the convergence pressure of a system implies its apparent convergence pressure. For an N-component, two phase system at a...
Not Excavated (still on site) As All data Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4
.12 11.68 10.29 AL: 50 xrf_allzones_20060810 Page 1 of 174notx summary #12;Mo All data Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone.35 2.36 2.37 U95: 57.95 62.41 60.56 51.63 70.50 U99: 58.98 64.27 62.34 52.75 74.38 AL: 550 xrf99: 12.48 AL: xrf_allzones_20060810 Page 3 of 174x summary #12;Mo All data Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone
Network Connectivity and Price Convergency: Gas Pipeline Deregulation
De Vany, Arthur; Walls, W. David
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Convergence: Gas Pipeline Deregulation Arthur De Vany W.Price Convergence: Gas Pipeline Deregulation Arthur De Vany
Alternative Energy Zone (Ohio)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Ohio's Alternative Energy Zones are made possible through Ohio's Senate Bill 232, which reduced taxes on alternative energy projects. The Alternative Energy Zones are designated on a county-by...
Systematically Accelerated Convergence of Path Integrals
Bogojevic, A.; Balaz, A.; Belic, A. [Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 57, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro)
2005-05-13T23:59:59.000Z
We present a new analytical method that systematically improves the convergence of path integrals of a generic N-fold discretized theory. Using it we calculate the effective actions S{sup (p)} for p{<=}9, which lead to the same continuum amplitudes as the starting action, but that converge to that continuum limit as 1/N{sup p}. We checked this derived speedup in convergence by performing Monte Carlo simulations on several different models.
Convergence Rates with Inexact Nonexpansive Operators
Jingwei Liang
2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z
Apr 18, 2014 ... Abstract: In this paper, we present a convergence rate analysis for the inexact Krasnosel'ski{\\u{\\i}}-Mann iteration built from nonexpansive ...
Contraction & Convergence: UK carbon emissions and the
Watson, Andrew
the EU's emissions trading scheme will do little to mitigate carbon emissions 4) Aviation growth must emissions. Keywords Contraction & Convergence; aviation; emissions trading; passengers; carbon dioxide #12
Convergence Estimates of Multilevel Additive and Multiplicative ...
2005-04-06T23:59:59.000Z
Dec 7, 1993 ... P. Grisvard. Elliptic Problems in Nonsmooth Domains. Pitman, Boston, 1985. J. Mandel. Multigrid convergence for non-symmetric and indefinite ...
Asymptotic Convergence Analysis for Distributional Robust ...
2013-05-02T23:59:59.000Z
May 2, 2013 ... the true distribution may adequately address the risk from the ...... them and present a quantitative convergence analysis of PN to P under total.
A SECOND DERIVATIVE SQP METHOD : LOCAL CONVERGENCE ...
2008-12-28T23:59:59.000Z
Although we established global convergence of the algorithm, we did not discuss ...... is bounded and {xk} belongs to the compact set B, we may pass to a further ...
CONVERGENT SDP-RELAXATIONS IN POLYNOMIAL ...
2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z
Apr 12, 2006 ... We consider a polynomial programming problem P on a compact ... proved in Schweighofer [17], convergence to a global minimizer of P (if ...
Renewable Energy Renaissance Zones
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
For the purposes of renaissance zone designation, “renewable energy facility” means a facility that creates energy, fuels, or chemicals directly from the wind, the sun, trees, grasses, biosolids,...
Renaissance Zones (North Dakota)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Renaissance Zones allow qualifying businesses and individuals to claim one or more tax incentives for purchasing, leasing, or making improvements to real property located in a North Dakota...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Educational Zone Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us HomeBasic Search About Publications Advanced Search New Hot Docs News Related Links...
Dialect Contact, Convergence, and Maintenance in Oregon Athabaskan
Spence, Justin
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Contact, Convergence, and Maintenance in Oregon AthabaskanContact, Convergence, and Maintenance in Oregon Athabaskan Jcases of dialect maintenance presented in §5 show that not
ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CONVERGENCE RATES OF ...
Q-rates in terms of the di erential properties of v and in terms of the ... schemes of this kind is to assure that they converge at a provably fast rate to a point.
Queen Anne's County- Solar Zoning
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Queen Anne's County zoning code allows for ground mounted solar arrays in areas zoned as "open space," "agricultural," and "countryside" districts.
Opportunity and Enterprise Zones (Oklahoma)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Opportunity and Enterprise Zones provide enhanced financial incentives for businesses located in such zones aimed at stimulating economic expansion in rural and disadvantaged communities...
Keystone Opportunity Zones (Pennsylvania)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Keystone Opportunity Zones allows businesses located within designated areas to qualify for a tax exemption, deduction, credit, or abatement of state and local taxes such as sales and use tax,...
Streamside Management Zones (Montana)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This chapter sets streamside management zones as encompassing a strip at least 50 feet wide on each side of a stream, lake, or other body of water, measured from the ordinary high-water mark, and...
Math 241: Fourier series: details and convergence University of Pennsylvania
DeTurck, Dennis
Math 241: Fourier series: details and convergence D. DeTurck University of Pennsylvania October 15, 2012 D. DeTurck Math 241 002 2012C: Fourier series 1 / 22 #12;Fourier series We've been using Fourier questions: Â· Do Fourier series converge? Â· What do they converge to? Do they converge to the functions we
Bryan, M. P.; Rough, S. L.; Wilson, D. I.
2014-08-23T23:59:59.000Z
, or alternatively lubricate the shear flow of MCC par- ticles in the convergent zone. The force reduction could also be attributed to increased water availability in the MCC-graphite matrix. As the graphite particles do not ab- sorb water (in contrast to MCC... the walls of the simulation geometry and towards the convergent and corner regions. References [1] P. Forzatti, D. Ballardini, L. Sighicelli, Preparation and char- acterization of extruded monolithic ceramic catalysts, Catal- ysis Today 41 (1-3) (1998) 87...
Energy Systems Integration A Convergence of Ideas
Energy Systems Integration A Convergence of Ideas July 2012 Ben Kroposki, Bobi Garrett, Stuart Macmillan, Brent Rice, and Connie Komomua National Renewable Energy Laboratory Mark O'Malley University of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy
IMPROVING THE APPROXIMATION AND CONVERGENCE CAPABILITIES OF
Yeung, Dit-Yan
Âdimensional data. Projection pursuit learning (PPL) formulates PPR in a neural network framework. One major difference between PPR and PPL is that the smoothers in PPR are nonparametric, whereas those in PPL are based known, we demonstrate that PPL networks do not have the universal approximation and strong convergence
www.VadoseZoneJournal.org Vadose Zone Journal
Vrugt, Jasper A.
, biofuels, sustainability, and nanotechnology. Since its inception, Vadose Zone Journal has grown tre, multicomponent (reactive) transport modeling, radionuclide transport, multiphase flow, recharge in arid transport, remote sensing of vadose zone properties, hillslope hydrology, gas diffusion, environmental
Tadi?, Vladislav B
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper considers the asymptotic properties of the recursive maximum likelihood estimation in hidden Markov models. The paper is focused on the asymptotic behavior of the log-likelihood function and on the point-convergence and convergence rate of the recursive maximum likelihood estimator. Using the principle of analytical continuation, the analyticity of the asymptotic log-likelihood function is shown for analytically parameterized hidden Markov models. Relying on this fact and some results from differential geometry (Lojasiewicz inequality), the almost sure point-convergence of the recursive maximum likelihood algorithm is demonstrated, and relatively tight bounds on the convergence rate are derived. As opposed to the existing result on the asymptotic behavior of maximum likelihood estimation in hidden Markov models, the results of this paper are obtained without assuming that the log-likelihood function has an isolated maximum at which the Hessian is strictly negative definite.
EnginEEring ZonE "The Engineering Zone
Tobar, Michael
EnginEEring ZonE "The Engineering Zone will push the limits in collaborative learning and research, and empower people to change the world. "Winthrop Professor John Dell Dean, Faculty of Engineering, Computing and Mathematics #12;2 | nEw CEntury Campaign Â EnginEEring ZonE #12;nEw CEntury Campaign Â EnginEEring ZonE | 3
Eastern margin variability of the South Pacific Convergence Zone Benjamin R. Lintner1
Lintner, Benjamin Richard
intensity associated with increased moisture near the mean eastern SPCZ margin and an eastward displacement a spurious ``double ITCZ'' [Zhang, 2001]. Such behavior may stem from deficiencies in ocean: Scientific programme overview, 2006, available at http://www.eol. ucar.edu/projects/vocals]. [3] Regionally
Virtual Reality as a Support Tool for Ergonomic Style Convergence
Virtual Reality as a Support Tool for Ergonomic Style Convergence Multidisciplinary Interaction and this paper presents a case study: the design of a support tool for ergonomic-style convergence. Categories
A CONVERGENT EXPLICIT GROUNDWATER MODEL Victor M. Ponce
Ponce, V. Miguel
A CONVERGENT EXPLICIT GROUNDWATER MODEL Victor M. Ponce Professor, Department of Civil Works, Ankara, Turkey. ABSTRACT: A groundwater model is developed by using an explicit formulation groundwater flow with excellent stability, convergence, and mass-conservation properties. 1 #12;INTRODUCTION
The Enterprise Zone (Rhode Island)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Enterprise Zone offers tax incentives to business expanding their workforce by 5% at facilities in designated enterprise zones. The tax credit is equal to 50% of the annual wages paid to a new...
Radiant zone heated particulate filter
Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI
2011-12-27T23:59:59.000Z
A system includes a particulate matter (PM) filter including an upstream end for receiving exhaust gas and a downstream end. A radiant zoned heater includes N zones, where N is an integer greater than one, wherein each of the N zones includes M sub-zones, where M is an integer greater than or equal to one. A control module selectively activates at least a selected one of the N zones to initiate regeneration in downstream portions of the PM filter from the one of the N zones, restricts exhaust gas flow in a portion of the PM filter that corresponds to the selected one of the N zones, and deactivates non-selected ones of the N zones.
Optimization Online - Convergence analysis of sampling-based ...
Vincent Guigues
2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z
Aug 19, 2014 ... Convergence analysis of sampling-based decomposition methods for risk-averse multistage stochastic convex programs.
Optimization Online - Convergence Analysis of Primal-Dual Based ...
Wenyi Tian
2014-09-24T23:59:59.000Z
Sep 24, 2014 ... Convergence Analysis of Primal-Dual Based Methods for Total Variation Minimization with Finite Element Approximation.
On the convergence of the expected improvement algorithm
Vazquez, Emmanuel
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This note deals with the convergence of the Expected Improvement (EI) algorithm. Several interesting open problems raised.
Faybishenko, Boris A.
2005-10-25T23:59:59.000Z
A Vadose Zone Water Fluxmeter (WFM) or Direct Measurement WFM provides direct measurement of unsaturated water flow in the vadose zone. The fluxmeter is a cylindrical device that fits in a borehole or can be installed near the surface, or in pits, or in pile structures. The fluxmeter is primarily a combination of tensiometers and a porous element or plate in a water cell that is used for water injection or extraction under field conditions. The same water pressure measured outside and inside of the soil sheltered by the lower cylinder of the fluxmeter indicates that the water flux through the lower cylinder is similar to the water flux in the surrounding soil. The fluxmeter provides direct measurement of the water flow rate in the unsaturated soils and then determines the water flux, i.e. the water flow rate per unit area.
Convergence Speed of GARCH Option Price to Diffusion Option Price
Wang, Yazhen
Convergence Speed of GARCH Option Price to Diffusion Option Price Jin-Chuan Duan National constructed GARCH model will weakly converge to a bi- variate diffusion. Naturally the European option price under the GARCH model will also converge to its bivariate diffusion counterpart. This paper investigates
CONVERGENCE PROPERTIES OF NONLINEAR CONJUGATE GRADIENT METHODS1
Yuan, Ya-xiang
CONVERGENCE PROPERTIES OF NONLINEAR CONJUGATE GRADIENT METHODS1 Yuhong Dai2 , Jiye Han3 , Guanghui contributions on convergence studies of conjugate gradient methods have been made by Gilbert and Nocedal [6 for ensuring the global convergence of conjugate gradient methods. This paper shows that the sufficient descent
Web 2.0 and Geospatial Convergence
Zeiss, Geoff
2007-11-14T23:59:59.000Z
© 2005 Autodesk 1 Web 2.0 and Geospatial Convergence Geoff Zeiss, Director of Technology 6th Annual GIS Day @ KU Symposium © 2005 Autodesk 2 Worldwide Challenges © 2005 Autodesk 3 Global Climate Change The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided... is Developing New Technologies © 2005 Autodesk 14 Location-enabling IT GIS Ge ne ral IT Ge ne ral IT Ge osp ati al en ab led 2005 / 2006 Examples: Web search, RDBMS, CAD, architectural design, engineering, … © 2005 Autodesk 15 Open Standards October 2007...
Numerical Analysis of Spherically Convergent Rayleigh-Taylor Experiments
Galmiche, D.; Cherfils, C.; Glendinning, S.G.; Remington, B.A.; Richard, A.
2000-05-17T23:59:59.000Z
In the frame of a CEA/US DOE collaboration, radiation driven spherically convergent experiments were performed on the Nova laser in order m measure the Rayleigh-Taylor growth at the ablation front. Numerical simulations using the 2D Lagrangian code FCI2 have correctly reproduced experiments in moderate convergent geometry. [C. Cherfils et al., PRL 83, 5507 (1999)]. Experiments have addressed convergence ratios up to 4 by considering larger capsules, larger hohlraum and longer laser pulses [S.G. Glendinning et al., to be published in Physics of Plasmas]. Numerical analysis of these high convergence implosions is presented, and the effect of convergence on the Rayleigh-Taylor growth is investigated.
abnormal resistive zones: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
NO PRINTING ZONE NO PRINTING ZONE NO PRINTING ZONE NO PRINTING ZONE Kainen, Paul C. 11 Seismic Amplitude Versus Offset (AVO) Character of Geopressured Transition Zones Geosciences...
Klebanoff, Leonard E. (Dublin, CA)
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A seal assembly that provides a means for establishing multiple pressure zones within a system. The seal assembly combines a plate extending from the inner wall of a housing or inner enclosure that intersects with and is immersed in the fluid contained in a well formed in a tray contained within the enclosure. The fluid is a low vapor pressure oil, chemically inert and oxidation resistant. The use of a fluid as the sealing component provides a seal that is self-healing and mechanically robust not subject to normal mechanical wear, breakage, and formation of cracks or pinholes and decouples external mechanical vibrations from internal structural members.
Saturated Zone Colloid Transport
H. S. Viswanathan
2004-10-07T23:59:59.000Z
This scientific analysis provides retardation factors for colloids transporting in the saturated zone (SZ) and the unsaturated zone (UZ). These retardation factors represent the reversible chemical and physical filtration of colloids in the SZ. The value of the colloid retardation factor, R{sub col} is dependent on several factors, such as colloid size, colloid type, and geochemical conditions (e.g., pH, Eh, and ionic strength). These factors are folded into the distributions of R{sub col} that have been developed from field and experimental data collected under varying geochemical conditions with different colloid types and sizes. Attachment rate constants, k{sub att}, and detachment rate constants, k{sub det}, of colloids to the fracture surface have been measured for the fractured volcanics, and separate R{sub col} uncertainty distributions have been developed for attachment and detachment to clastic material and mineral grains in the alluvium. Radionuclides such as plutonium and americium sorb mostly (90 to 99 percent) irreversibly to colloids (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170025], Section 6.3.3.2). The colloid retardation factors developed in this analysis are needed to simulate the transport of radionuclides that are irreversibly sorbed onto colloids; this transport is discussed in the model report ''Site-Scale Saturated Zone Transport'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170036]). Although it is not exclusive to any particular radionuclide release scenario, this scientific analysis especially addresses those scenarios pertaining to evidence from waste-degradation experiments, which indicate that plutonium and americium may be irreversibly attached to colloids for the time scales of interest. A section of this report will also discuss the validity of using microspheres as analogs to colloids in some of the lab and field experiments used to obtain the colloid retardation factors. In addition, a small fraction of colloids travels with the groundwater without any significant retardation. Radionuclides irreversibly sorbed onto this fraction of colloids also transport without retardation. The transport times for these radionuclides will be the same as those for nonsorbing radionuclides. The fraction of nonretarding colloids developed in this analysis report is used in the abstraction of SZ and UZ transport models in support of the total system performance assessment (TSPA) for the license application (LA). This analysis report uses input from two Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) analysis reports. This analysis uses the assumption from ''Waste Form and In-Drift Colloids-Associated Radionuclide Concentrations: Abstraction and Summary'' that plutonium and americium are irreversibly sorbed to colloids generated by the waste degradation processes (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170025]). In addition, interpretations from RELAP analyses from ''Saturated Zone In-Situ Testing'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170010]) are used to develop the retardation factor distributions in this analysis.
Cubature on Wiener Space: Pathwise Convergence
Bayer, Christian, E-mail: christian.bayer@wias-berlin.de; Friz, Peter K., E-mail: friz@math.tu-berlin.de [WIAS Berlin (Germany)
2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
Cubature on Wiener space (Lyons and Victoir in Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A 460(2041):169-198, 2004) provides a powerful alternative to Monte Carlo simulation for the integration of certain functionals on Wiener space. More specifically, and in the language of mathematical finance, cubature allows for fast computation of European option prices in generic diffusion models.We give a random walk interpretation of cubature and similar (e.g. the Ninomiya-Victoir) weak approximation schemes. By using rough path analysis, we are able to establish weak convergence for general path-dependent option prices.
Contaminants in Vadose Zone Environments
Wellman, Dawn M.; Freshley, Mark D.; Johnson, Timothy C.; Miracle, Ann L.
2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Contaminants in vadose zone environments pose a long-term source and threat to groundwater resources, human health, and the environment. Several technical, regulatory, and policy challenges and opportunities are associated with contamination in vadose zone environments, particularly in remediation. In this special issue, ten papers present novel approaches to characterize, monitor, remediate, and predict the transport and fate of contaminants in vadose zone environments.
Western Renewable Energy Zones (Presentation)
Hein, J.
2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
This presentation summarizes recent developments and trends pertaining to competitive renewable energy zones, transmission planning and the integration of renewable generation resources.
Convergence and Rate of Convergence of A Manifold-Based Dimension Reduction Algorithm
Huo, Xiaoming
of a particular manifold- based learning algorithm: LTSA [12]. The main technical tool is the perturbation analysis on the linear invariant subspace that corresponds to the solution of LTSA. We derive the upper bound for errors under the worst case for LTSA; it naturally leads to a convergence result. We
Tobin, John (Bethel Park, PA)
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A sampling apparatus is provided which comprises a sampler for sampling air in the breathing zone of a wearer of the apparatus and a support for the sampler preferably in the form of a pair of eyeglasses. The sampler comprises a sampling assembly supported on the frame of the eyeglasses and including a pair of sample transport tubes which are suspended, in use, centrally of the frame so as to be disposed on opposite sides of the nose of the wearer and which each include an inlet therein that, in use, is disposed adjacent to a respective nostril of the nose of the wearer. A filter holder connected to sample transport tubes supports a removable filter for filtering out particulate material in the air sampled by the apparatus. The sample apparatus is connected to a pump for drawing air into the apparatus through the tube inlets so that the air passes through the filter.
Tobin, J.
1989-08-22T23:59:59.000Z
A sampling apparatus is presented which comprises a sampler for sampling air in the breathing zone of a wearer of the apparatus and a support for the sampler preferably in the form of a pair of eyeglasses. The sampler comprises a sampling assembly supported on the frame of the eyeglasses and including a pair of sample transport tubes which are suspended, in use, centrally of the frame so as to be disposed on opposite sides of the nose of the wearer and which each include an inlet therein that, in use, is disposed adjacent to a respective nostril of the nose of the wearer. A filter holder connected to sample transport tubes supports a removable filter for filtering out particulate material in the air sampled by the apparatus. The sample apparatus is connected to a pump for drawing air into the apparatus through the tube inlets so that the air passes through the filter.
convergence of string-averaging projection schemes for inconsistent ...
2003-08-04T23:59:59.000Z
Aug 4, 2003 ... Revised: May 25, 2003. Final Revision: August 4 .... theory, and by Bauschke, Matouaskov? and Reich [5] who discuss convergence in Hilbert ...
University of California Shared Image Collections: Convergence and Expansion
Zentall, Lena; Burns, Maureen
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
sharing ARTstor hosted collections. For more information onProject and the digital collections they support, seeof California Shared Image Collections: Convergence and
Hydrogen and electricity: Parallels, interactions,and convergence
Yang, Christopher
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
evolution with the electricity sector and lays out some ofinteraction with the electricity sector because of thefuel and stationary electricity sectors will converge and
Optimization Online - Convergence rate analysis of the forward ...
Damek Davis
2014-10-09T23:59:59.000Z
Oct 9, 2014 ... Convergence rate analysis of the forward-Douglas-Rachford splitting scheme. Damek Davis (Damek ***at*** math.ucla.edu). Abstract: Operator ...
About the Convergence of Parametric Sum of Squares Relaxations
2012-07-06T23:59:59.000Z
Jul 6, 2012 ... k (p) converges uniformly to f?(p) over a compact semi-algebraic set P. ..... Jacek Bochnak, Michel Coste, and Marie-Françoise Roy.
A globally and superlinearly convergent trust-region SQP method ...
2007-07-20T23:59:59.000Z
global and superlinear convergence property of the proposed method is shown. ..... uous on the compact set, there exists an integer L < ? such that we can find ...
Zone refining of plutonium metal
Blau, M.S.
1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
The zone refining process was applied to Pu metal containing known amounts of impurities. Rod specimens of plutonium metal were melted into and contained in tantalum boats, each of which was passed horizontally through a three-turn, high-frequency coil in such a manner as to cause a narrow molten zone to pass through the Pu metal rod 10 times. The impurity elements Co, Cr, Fe, Ni, Np, U were found to move in the same direction as the molten zone as predicted by binary phase diagrams. The elements Al, Am, and Ga moved in the opposite direction of the molten zone as predicted by binary phase diagrams. As the impurity alloy was zone refined, {delta}-phase plutonium metal crystals were produced. The first few zone refining passes were more effective than each later pass because an oxide layer formed on the rod surface. There was no clear evidence of better impurity movement at the slower zone refining speed. Also, constant or variable coil power appeared to have no effect on impurity movement during a single run (10 passes). This experiment was the first step to developing a zone refining process for plutonium metal.
3, 335364, 2006 Hyporheic zone
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
HESSD 3, 335364, 2006 Hyporheic zone dynamics E. Hoehn and O. A. Cirpka Title Page Abstract dynamics in two alluvial flood plains of the Southern Alps using water temperature and tracers E. Hoehn: E. Hoehn (hoehn@eawag.ch) 335 #12;HESSD 3, 335364, 2006 Hyporheic zone dynamics E. Hoehn and O. A
Cooperative target convergence using multiple agents
Kwok, K.S.; Driessen, B.J.
1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
This work considers the problem of causing multiple (100`s) autonomous mobile robots to converge to a target and provides a follow-the-leader approach to the problem. Each robot has only a limited-range sensor for sending the target and also larger but also limited-range robot-to-robot communication capability. Because of the small amount of information available to the robots, a practical approach to improve convergence to the target is to have a robot follow the robot with the best quality of information. Specifically, each robot emits a signal that informs in-range robots what its status is. A robot has a status value of 0 if it is itself in range of the target. A robot has a status of 1 if it is not in range of the target but is in communication range of a robot that is in range of the target. A robot has a status of 2 if it is not in range of the target but is within range of another robot that has status 1, and so on. Of all the mobile robots that any given robot is in range of, it follows the one with the best status. The emergent behavior is the ant-like trails of robots following each other toward the target. If the robot is not in range of another robot that is either in range of the target or following another robot, the robot will assign-1 to its quality-of-information, and will execute an exhaustive search. The exhaustive search will continue until it encounters either the target or another robot with a nonnegative quality-of-information. The quality of information approach was extended to the case where each robot only has two-bit signals informing it of distance to in-range robots.
Convergence Speed of GARCH Option Price to Diffusion Option Price
Chaudhuri, Sanjay
Convergence Speed of GARCH Option Price to Diffusion Option Price Jin-Chuan Duan, Yazhen Wang that as the time interval between two consecutive observations shrinks to zero, a properly constructed GARCH model will weakly converge to a bivariate diffusion. Naturally the European option price under the GARCH model
On convergence and restart conditions for a nonlinear conjugate
Neumaier, Arnold
On convergence and restart conditions for a nonlinear conjugate gradient method Arnold Neumaier version of the conjugate gradient method derived here in terms of minimizing the effect of zigzagging, and are applied in Section 4 to provide global convergence of a new version of the conjugate gradient method
QUADRATIC CONVERGENCE FOR VALUING AMERICAN OPTIONS USING A PENALTY METHOD
Forsyth, Peter A.
QUADRATIC CONVERGENCE FOR VALUING AMERICAN OPTIONS USING A PENALTY METHOD P.A. FORSYTH AND K.R. VETZAL Abstract. The convergence of a penalty method for solving the discrete regularized American option valuation problem is studied. Sufficient conditions are derived which both guarantee conver- gence
PLM: Fast Convergence for Cumulative Layered Multicast Transmission Schemes
Legout, Arnaud
PLM: Fast Convergence for Cumulative Layered Multicast Transmission Schemes A. Legout and E. W- ticast congestion control protocol (called PLM) for audio/video and file transfer applications based PLM for a large variety of scenarios and show that it converges fast to the optimal link utilization
IMPROVED CONVERGENCE PROPERTIES OF THE LIN-FUKUSHIMA-REGULARIZATION METHOD
Kanzow, Christian
IMPROVED CONVERGENCE PROPERTIES OF THE LIN-FUKUSHIMA-REGULARIZATION METHOD FOR MATHEMATICAL@mathematik.uni-wuerzburg.de September 2, 2010 Dedicated to Masao Fukushima, in great respect, on the occasion of his 60th birthday. 1 with complementarity constraints (MPCC) introduced by Gui-Hua Lin and Masao Fukushima. Existing convergence results
Convergence Tests for the Hamiltonian Particle-Mesh
Al Hanbali, Ahmad
. The Hamiltonian particle-mesh method (HPM) 4. Test: Burgers' solution to the SWE 5. Test: Iacono solution to the SWE Bremen 2008 Page 2 of 18 #12;Introduction & Motivation Why looking at convergence aspects of HPM, not really documented: - Order of accuracy? - Restrictions in choice HPM parameters to assure convergence
Sandia National Laboratories: critical marginal ice zone
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
marginal ice zone NASA Award for Marginal Ice Zone Observations and Process Experiment (MIZOPEX) On February 24, 2015, in Analysis, Climate, Modeling & Analysis, Monitoring, News,...
Changes in Japanese Corporate Law and Governance: Revisiting the Convergence Debate
Shishido, Zenichi
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of Path Dependence in Corporate Governance and Ownership.Convergence in Corporate Governance and Its Implicatins.2001). Globalizing Corporate Governance: Convergence of Form
Kirchhoff integrals and Fresnel zones Ludek Klimes
Cerveny, Vlastislav
Kirchhoff integrals and Fresnel zones LudĹ¸ek KlimeĹ¸s Department of Geophysics, Charles University of discrete values necessary for the numerical quadraÂ ture. The Fresnel zones are then derived as the minimum of Fresnel zones is purely local, independent of the reference travel times. The definition of Fresnel zones
Global convergence of sequential injective algorithm for weakly ...
2015-03-16T23:59:59.000Z
Hk} converging to H uniformly?1 over any bounded subset of D. We can ... Step 1 If H(wk) = 0, then terminate and output wk as a solution. ..... Mr1 Mr2 ··· Mrr. ?.
CONVERGENCE OF DERIVATIVE APPROXIMATIONS IN THE INVERSE CONDUCTIVITY PROBLEM
Wade, Gordon
., Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH, 43403Â0221 1 #12; CONVERGENCE OF FRECH ' ET DERIVATIVES of steadyÂstate voltage potential and current density at the boundary @\\Omega from one or more (say, m â?? 1
Convergent SDP-relaxations in polynomial optimization with sparsity
Jean B. Lasserre
2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z
Apr 12, 2006 ... ... P on a compact basic semi-algebraic set K described by m polynomial ... [9] is that we prove convergence to the global optimum of P when ...
Origin of Entropy Convergence in Hydrophobic Hydration and Protein Folding
Garde, S.; Hummer, G.; Garcia, A.E.; Paulaitis, M.E.; Pratt, L.R. [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); [Center for Molecular and Engineering Thermodynamics, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States); [Department of Chemical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States)
1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
An information theory model of hydrophobic effects is used to construct a molecular explanation why hydrophobic solvation entropies of protein unfolding measured by high sensitivity calorimetry converge to zero at a common convergence temperature. The entropy convergence follows directly from the weak temperature dependence of occupancy fluctuations {l_angle}{delta}{ital n}{sup 2}{r_angle} for molecular-scale volumes in water. The macroscopic expression of the contrasting entropic behavior of water relative to common organic solvents is the {ital relative} temperature insensitivity of the water isothermal compressibility compared to hydrocarbon liquids. The information theory model used provides a quantitative description of small molecule hydration and, in addition, predicts that the value of the entropy at convergence is slightly {ital negative}. Interpretations of entropic contributions to protein folding should account for this result. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}
Middle Paleozoic convergent orogenic belts in western Inner Mongolia (China)
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Middle Paleozoic convergent orogenic belts in western Inner Mongolia (China): framework, kinematics recognized in western Inner Mongolia (China), including, from south to north: North China Craton (NCC), Southern Orogenic Belt (SOB), Hunshandake Block (HB), Northern Orogenic Belt (NOB), South Mongolia
Evolution of moisture convergence in a mesoscale convective complex
Bercherer, John Phillip
1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Committee: Dr. Keuneth C. Brundidge Two separate Mesoscale Convective Complexes (MCCs) were investigated to determine if a characteristic surface moisture convergence (MC) signature existed on the mesoscale during their lifecycle. The first storm (Case 1... convergence, a bandpass filtering technique was utilized. It was found that MC could identify the general area of initial thunderstorm activity 2 h prior to its development for both cases. During the initial development stage of Case 1, advection...
A Core Equilibrium Convergence in a Public Goods Economy
Allouch, N
A core-equilibrium convergence in a public goods economy? Nizar Allouch Queen Mary University of London School of Economics and Finance n.allouch@qmul.ac.uk April 15, 2010 Abstract This paper shows a core-equilibrium convergence in a public goods... economy where consumers’ preferences display warm glow effects. We demonstrate that if each consumer becomes satiated to other con- sumers’ provision, then as the economy grows large the core shrinks to the set of Edgeworth allocations. Moreover, we show...
A technique for accelerating the convergence of restarted GMRES
Baker, A H; Jessup, E R; Manteuffel, T
2004-03-09T23:59:59.000Z
We have observed that the residual vectors at the end of each restart cycle of restarted GMRES often alternate direction in a cyclic fashion, thereby slowing convergence. We present a new technique for accelerating the convergence of restarted GMRES by disrupting this alternating pattern. The new algorithm resembles a full conjugate gradient method with polynomial preconditioning, and its implementation requires minimal changes to the standard restarted GMRES algorithm.
Tadic, Vladislav B
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The asymptotic behavior of stochastic gradient algorithms is studied. Relying on some results of differential geometry (Lojasiewicz gradient inequality), the almost sure point-convergence is demonstrated and relatively tight almost sure bounds on the convergence rate are derived. In sharp contrast to all exiting result of this kind, the asymptotic results obtained here do not require the objective function (associated with the stochastic gradient search) to have an isolated minimum at which the Hessian of the objective function is strictly positive definite. Using the obtained results, the asymptotic behavior of recursive prediction error identification methods is analyzed. The convergence and convergence rate of supervised learning algorithms are also studied relying on these results.
Flat plate puncture test convergence study.
Snow, Spencer (Idaho National Laboratories); Ammerman, Douglas James; Molitoris, David (Westinghouse); Tso, Chi-Fung (ARUP); Yaksh, Mike (NAC International)
2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
The ASME Task Group on Computational Mechanics for Explicit Dynamics is investigating the types of finite element models needed to accurately solve various problems that occur frequently in cask design. One type of problem is the 1-meter impact onto a puncture spike. The work described in this paper considers this impact for a relatively thin-walled shell, represented as a flat plate. The effects of mesh refinement, friction coefficient, material models, and finite element code will be discussed. The actual punch, as defined in the transport regulations, is 15 cm in diameter with a corner radius of no more than 6 mm. The punch used in the initial part of this study has the same diameter, but has a corner radius of 25 mm. This more rounded punch was used to allow convergence of the solution with a coarser mesh. A future task will be to investigate the effect of having a punch with a smaller corner radius. The 25-cm thick type 304 stainless steel plate that represents the cask wall is 1 meter in diameter and has added mass on the edge to represent the remainder of the cask. The amount of added mass to use was calculated using Nelm's equation, an empirically derived relationship between weight, wall thickness, and ultimate strength that prevents punch through. The outer edge of the plate is restrained so that it can only move in the direction parallel to the axis of the punch. Results that are compared include the deflection at the edge of the plate, the deflection at the center of the plate, the plastic strains at radius r=50 cm and r=100 cm , and qualitatively, the distribution of plastic strains. The strains of interest are those on the surface of the plate, not the integration point strains. Because cask designers are using analyses of this type to determine if shell will puncture, a failure theory, including the effect of the tri-axial nature of the stress state, is also discussed. The results of this study will help to determine what constitutes an adequate finite element model for analyzing the puncture hypothetical accident.
Overlap zoned electrically heated particulate filter
Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI; Chapman, Mark R [Brighton, MI
2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z
A system includes a particulate matter (PM) filter that includes an upstream end for receiving exhaust gas and a downstream end. A zoned heater is arranged spaced from the upstream end and comprises N zones, where N is an integer greater than one, wherein each of the N zones comprises M sub-zones, where M is an integer greater than or equal to one, and wherein the N zones and the M sub-zones are arranged in P layers, where P is an integer greater than one. A control module selectively activates at least a selected one of the N zones to initiate regeneration in downstream portions of the PM filter from the one of the N zones and deactivates non-selected ones of the N zones.
Zone refining of plutonium metal
NONE
1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this study was to investigate zone refining techniques for the purification of plutonium metal. The redistribution of 10 impurity elements from zone melting was examined. Four tantalum boats were loaded with plutonium impurity alloy, placed in a vacuum furnace, heated to 700{degrees}C, and held at temperature for one hour. Ten passes were made with each boat. Metallographic and chemical analyses performed on the plutonium rods showed that, after 10 passes, moderate movement of certain elements were achieved. Molten zone speeds of 1 or 2 inches per hour had no effect on impurity element movement. Likewise, the application of constant or variable power had no effect on impurity movement. The study implies that development of a zone refining process to purify plutonium is feasible. Development of a process will be hampered by two factors: (1) the effect on impurity element redistribution of the oxide layer formed on the exposed surface of the material is not understood, and (2) the tantalum container material is not inert in the presence of plutonium. Cold boat studies are planned, with higher temperature and vacuum levels, to determine the effect on these factors. 5 refs., 1 tab., 5 figs.
Renewable Energy Generation Zone Property Tax Abatement
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Local areas in Mimssouri can be designated as Renewable Energy Generation Zones and receive property tax abatements as part of the Enhanced Enterprise Zone program. Legislation (H.B. 737) enacted...
Enterprise Zone Sales Tax Exemption (Kansas)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Enterprise Zone Sales Tax Exemption offers businesses located in such economic development zones a 100 percent sales tax exemption on the purchase of labor and materials to construct or remodel...
Statewide Empire Zone Program (New York)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Business that do not meet the requirements for standard financing, but are in need of capital, may qualify for NYBDC’s Statewide Empire Zone Program. The Statewide Zone Capital Corporation (SZCC),...
Local Option- Rural Renewable Energy Development Zones
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Cities, counties, or several contiguous counties in Oregon can set up Rural Renewable Energy Development Zones. The zone can only cover territory outside of the urban growth boundary of any large...
Keystone Innovation Zone Tax Credit Program (Pennsylvania)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Keystone Innovation Zone Tax Credit Program provides tax credits to companies less than eight years old who operate within designated innovation zones. A total pool of $25 million in tax...
Virginia Enterprise Zone Job Creation Grant (Virginia)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Virginia Enterprise Zone Job Creation Grant provides cash grants to businesses located in Enterprise zones that create permanent new jobs over a four-job threshold. State incentives are...
Santa Clara County- Zoning Ordinance (California)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Santa Clara County's Zoning Ordinance includes standards for wind and solar structures for residential, agricultural, and commercial uses.
Combustion Air Zone (CAZ) Best Practices | Department of Energy
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Combustion Air Zone (CAZ) Best Practices Combustion Air Zone (CAZ) Best Practices Combustion Air Zone (CAZ) Best Practices Webinar. Presentation More Documents & Publications...
Global transition zone tomography Jeroen Ritsema1
Ritsema, Jeroen
Global transition zone tomography Jeroen Ritsema1 and Hendrik Jan van Heijst Seismological on accurate models of seismic velocity variation in the upper mantle transition zone (4001000 km depth. Such data provide new global transition zone constraints. We combined more than a million measurements
Eastern Energy Zones Mapping Tool
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Eastern Interconnection States’ Planning Council (EISPC) has released the Energy Zones (EZ) Mapping Tool, a free, web-based interactive tool that will help states and other stakeholders in the Eastern Interconnection identify geographic areas suitable for the development of clean energy resources (natural gas, sequestration or utilitization locations for C02 from coal, nuclear, and renewable) which can potentially provide significant amounts of new electric power generation.
A stable, rapidly converging conjugate gradient method for energy minimization
Watowich, S.J.; Meyer, E.S.; Hagstrom, R.; Josephs, R.
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We apply Shanno's conjugate gradient algorithm to the problem of minimizing the potential energy function associated with molecular mechanical calculations. Shanno's algorithm is stable with respect to roundoff errors and inexact line searches and converges rapidly to a minimum. Equally important, this algorithm can improve the rate of convergence to a minimum by a factor of 5 relative to Fletcher-Reeves or Polak-Ribiere minimizers when used within the molecular mechanics package AMBER. Comparable improvements are found for a limited number of simulations when the Polak-Ribiere direction vector is incorporated into the Shanno algorithm. 24 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.
Numerical Convergence Properties of Option Pricing PDEs with Uncertain Volatility
Forsyth, Peter A.
is then simply the cost of this hedge. The principal source of risk is the price of the underlying assetNumerical Convergence Properties of Option Pricing PDEs with Uncertain Volatility D. M. Pooley , P, 2001 Abstract The pricing equations derived from uncertain volatility models in finance are often cast
Convergence Properties of the KMeans L'eon Bottou
Bottou, LĂ©on
Convergence Properties of the KÂMeans Algorithms L'eon Bottou Neuristique, 28 rue des Petites properties of the well known KÂMeans clustering algorithm. The KÂMeans algorithm can be deÂ scribed either threshold case. We show that the KÂMeans algorithm actually minimizes the quantization error using the very
Local Convergence Rates of Simple Evolutionary Algorithms with Cauchy Mutations
Rudolph, Günter
with con- tinuous variables is the normal distribution however other distributions, especially some versions of the multivariate Cauchy distribution, have recently gained increased popularity in practical applications. Here the extent to which Cauchy mutation distributions maya ect the local convergence behavior
A convergent adaptive method for elliptic eigenvalue problems
problems, nuclear reactor criticality and the modelling of photonic band gap materials, to name but three the computed eigenfunction has high oscillation. The error analysis extends the theory of convergence eigenfunction. (Measures of "data oscillation" appear in the theory of adpativity for boundary value problems (e
Efficiency Impact of Convergence Bidding on the California Electricity Market
Oren, Shmuel S.
Efficiency Impact of Convergence Bidding on the California Electricity Market Ruoyang Li · Alva J test for market efficiency by assessing the performance of trading strategies from the perspective of the time-varying forward premium. Our backtesting results cast doubt on the efficiency of the CAISO
Accelerated Particle Electrophoretic Motion and Separation in Converging-Diverging
Xuan, Xiangchun "Schwann"
Accelerated Particle Electrophoretic Motion and Separation in Converging-Diverging Microchannels of Toronto, 5 King's College Road, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 3G8 Accelerated particle electrophoretic. The accelerated particle elec- trophoretic separation is highly desirable in on-chip flow cytometry and high
Combined Finite Element --Finite Volume Method ( Convergence Analysis )
Magdeburg, Universität
Combined Finite Element -- Finite Volume Method ( Convergence Analysis ) M'aria Luk idea is to combine finite volume and finite element methods in an appropriate way. Thus nonlinear grid. Diffusion terms are discretized by the conforming piecewise linear finite element method
Convergence theorems for measures with values in Riesz spaces
Candeloro, Domenico
b = i=1 ai,(i), for some ININ . A sequence (rn)n in R is said to be (D)-convergent to r R (and is said to be weakly -distributive if for every (D)-sequence (ai,l)i,l we have: ININ i=1 ai,(i) = 0. From
Convergence and Complexity Analysis of Turbo Demodulation with Turbo Decoding
Brest, UniversitĂ© de
Convergence and Complexity Analysis of Turbo Demodulation with Turbo Decoding Salim Haddad, Amer (BICM) with different modulation orders and Turbo Codes with various code rates are frequently adopted-ID schemes was replaced by a turbo code, only a small gain of 0.1 dB was observed. This result makes BICM
CONVERGENCE PROPERTIES OF THE INEXACT LIN-FUKUSHIMA RELAXATION METHOD
Kanzow, Christian
CONVERGENCE PROPERTIES OF THE INEXACT LIN-FUKUSHIMA RELAXATION METHOD FOR MATHEMATICAL PROGRAMS@mathematik.uni-wuerzburg.de schwartz@mathematik.uni-wuerzburg.de March 11, 2013 Dedicated to Masao Fukushima, in great respect that the smooth relaxation method by Lin and Fukushima [Annals of Operations Research 133, 2005, pp. 63Â84] still
Convergence of Autonomous Mobile Robots With Inaccurate Sensors and Movements
Cohen, Reuven
Convergence of Autonomous Mobile Robots With Inaccurate Sensors and Movements (Extended abstract, that robot movements are accurate, and that internal calcula- tions performed by the robots on (real concentrates on the ability of robot systems with inaccurate sensors, movements and calcu- lations to carry out
Convergence of Autonomous Mobile Robots With Inaccurate Sensors and Movements
Cohen, Reuven
Convergence of Autonomous Mobile Robots With Inaccurate Sensors and Movements Reuven Cohen David, that robot movements are accurate, and that internal calculations performed by the robots on (real concentrates on the ability of robot systems with inaccurate sensors, movements and calculations to carry out
Accommodation Zone | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlinPapersWindey Wind6:00-06:00About OpenEIAccionaAccommodation Zone Jump
Melt generation in the Earth's mantle at Convergent Plate Margins
Till, Christy B
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The five geologic studies presented in this thesis document how the recycling of tectonic plates at subduction zones has a profound effect on the melting behavior of the Earth's mantle. Two experimental studies (Chapters ...
Unified communications : convergence of platforms and strategies of two software vendors
Hydari, Muhammad Zia
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Unified Communications: Convergence of Platforms and Strategies of Two Software Vendors by Muhammad Zia Hydari ABSTRACT Unified communication (UC) is the convergence of various modes of communication - voice telephony, ...
Johnson Jr.,, Ray
Training & Technology Solutions Queens College ~ Office of Converging Technologies ~ Training & Technology Solutions 718-997-4875 ~ training@qc.cuny.edu ~ I-Bldg 214 Advisor Center Navigation: Login #12;Training & Technology Solutions Queens College ~ Office of Converging Technologies ~ Training
Refraction of shear zones in granular materials
Tamas Unger
2007-01-08T23:59:59.000Z
We study strain localization in slow shear flow focusing on layered granular materials. A heretofore unknown effect is presented here. We show that shear zones are refracted at material interfaces in analogy with refraction of light beams in optics. This phenomenon can be obtained as a consequence of a recent variational model of shear zones. The predictions of the model are tested and confirmed by 3D discrete element simulations. We found that shear zones follow Snell's law of light refraction.
Sandia National Laboratories: Marginal Ice Zone Observations...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Marginal Ice Zone Observations and Processes Experiment mission Sierra Unmanned Aerial Vehicle to Begin Flights Over Arctic Sea Ice On July 25, 2013, in Climate, Customers &...
Enterprise Zone Retraining Credit Program (South Carolina)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Enterprise Zone Retraining Credit Program is a discretionary incentive that helps existing industries maintain their competitive edge and retain their existing workforce by allowing them to...
Maricopa County- Renewable Energy Systems Zoning Ordinance
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Maricopa County Zoning Ordinance contains provisions for siting renewable energy systems. The ordinance defines renewable energy as "energy derived primarily from sources other than fossil...
The Ohio Enterprise Zone program (Ohio)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Ohio Enterprise Zone program is an economic development tool administered by municipal and county governments that provides real and personal property tax exemptions to businesses making...
CONVERGENCE OF THE HAMILTONIAN PARTICLE-MESH METHOD FOR BAROTROPIC FLUID FLOW
Oliver, Marcel
AND MARCEL OLIVER Abstract. We prove convergence of the Hamiltonian Particle-Mesh (HPM) method, initially, and a StrangFix condition of order 3 for the local par- tition of unity kernel, the HPM method converges limiting case of the HPM algorithm and we find that the respective rates of convergence are comparable
Simulation and Analysis of Converging Shock Wave Test Problems
Ramsey, Scott D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shashkov, Mikhail J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z
Results and analysis pertaining to the simulation of the Guderley converging shock wave test problem (and associated code verification hydrodynamics test problems involving converging shock waves) in the LANL ASC radiation-hydrodynamics code xRAGE are presented. One-dimensional (1D) spherical and two-dimensional (2D) axi-symmetric geometric setups are utilized and evaluated in this study, as is an instantiation of the xRAGE adaptive mesh refinement capability. For the 2D simulations, a 'Surrogate Guderley' test problem is developed and used to obviate subtleties inherent to the true Guderley solution's initialization on a square grid, while still maintaining a high degree of fidelity to the original problem, and minimally straining the general credibility of associated analysis and conclusions.
Bottom and Charm Mass Determinations with a Convergence Test
Dehnadi, Bahman; Mateu, Vicent
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present new determinations of the MS-bar charm quark mass using relativistic QCD sum rules at O(alpha_s^3) from the moments of the vector and the pseudoscalar current correlators. We use available experimental measurements from e+e- collisions and lattice simulation results, respectively. Our analysis of the theoretical uncertainties is based on different implementations of the perturbative series and on independent variations of the renormalization scales for the mass and the strong coupling. Taking into account the resulting set of series to estimate perturbative uncertainties is crucial, since some ways to treat the perturbative expansion can exhibit extraordinarily small scale dependence when the two scales are set equal. As an additional refinement, we address the issue that double scale variation could overestimate the perturbative uncertainties. We supplement the analysis with a test that quantifies the convergence rate of each perturbative series by a single number. We find that this convergence te...
On distribution and almost convergence of bounded sequences
Chao You; Bao Qi Feng
2008-05-26T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we give the concepts of properly distributed and simply distributed sequences, and prove that they are almost convergent. Basing on these, we review the work of Feng and Li [Feng, B. Q. and Li, J. L., Some estimations of Banach limits, J. Math. Anal. Appl. 323(2006) No. 1, 481-496. MR2262220 46B45 (46A45).], which is shown to be a special case of our generalized theory.
The analysis of convergence for four adaptive filtering algorithms
Sohn, Won
1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
. The Relation Between AREs of Estimators and Detectors . 29 IV THE ANALYSIS OF THE LMS AI, GORITHM AND ITS FAMILY 31 V A. General Case B. Same Steady-state MSE SIMULATION OF ADAPTIVE FILTERING ALGORITHMS . 42 VI A. Simulation Model 1. Adaptive... Equalization 2. System Identification B. Learning Curves of Adaptive Filtering Algorithms 1. Same Steady-state MSE . 2. Same Speed of Convergence. . . . . . . . . . C. Simulation Results for the ARE 1. Same Steady-state MSE . . 2. Same Speed...
The Hubble series: Convergence properties and redshift variables
Celine Cattoen; Matt Visser
2007-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
In cosmography, cosmokinetics, and cosmology it is quite common to encounter physical quantities expanded as a Taylor series in the cosmological redshift z. Perhaps the most well-known exemplar of this phenomenon is the Hubble relation between distance and redshift. However, we now have considerable high-z data available, for instance we have supernova data at least back to redshift z=1.75. This opens up the theoretical question as to whether or not the Hubble series (or more generally any series expansion based on the z-redshift) actually converges for large redshift? Based on a combination of mathematical and physical reasoning, we argue that the radius of convergence of any series expansion in z is less than or equal to 1, and that z-based expansions must break down for z>1, corresponding to a universe less than half its current size. Furthermore, we shall argue on theoretical grounds for the utility of an improved parameterization y=z/(1+z). In terms of the y-redshift we again argue that the radius of convergence of any series expansion in y is less than or equal to 1, so that y-based expansions are likely to be good all the way back to the big bang y=1, but that y-based expansions must break down for y<-1, now corresponding to a universe more than twice its current size.
DARK ENERGY FROM THE LOG-TRANSFORMED CONVERGENCE FIELD
Seo, Hee-Jong [Berkeley Center for Cosmological Physics, LBL and Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Sato, Masanori [Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan); Takada, Masahiro [Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (IPMU), University of Tokyo, Chiba 277-8582 (Japan); Dodelson, Scott, E-mail: hee-jongseo@lbl.gov [Center for Particle Astrophysics, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL 60510 (United States)
2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z
A logarithmic transform of the convergence field improves 'the information content', i.e., the overall precision associated with the measurement of the amplitude of the convergence power spectrum, by improving the covariance matrix properties. The translation of this improvement in the information content to that in cosmological parameters, such as those associated with dark energy, requires knowing the sensitivity of the log-transformed field to those cosmological parameters. In this paper, we use N-body simulations with ray tracing to generate convergence fields at multiple source redshifts as a function of cosmology. The gain in information associated with the log-transformed field does lead to tighter constraints on dark energy parameters, but only if shape noise is neglected. The presence of shape noise quickly diminishes the advantage of the log-mapping, more quickly than we would expect based on the information content. With or without shape noise, using a larger pixel size allows for a more efficient log-transformation.
Reference Phase of Fresnel Zone Plates
G. W. Webb
2003-02-28T23:59:59.000Z
The standard zone plate assumes that the shortest ray connecting a radiation source and a detection point has a phase of 0 deg thereby defining a reference phase. Here we examine the experimental consequences of varying this reference phase from 0 deg to 360 deg. It is concluded that reference phase is an intrinsic and useful property of zone plates.
Treating tar sands formations with karsted zones
Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX); Karanikas, John Michael (Houston, TX)
2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z
Methods for treating a tar sands formation are described herein. The tar sands formation may have one or more karsted zones. Methods may include providing heat from one or more heaters to one or more karsted zones of the tar sands formation to mobilize fluids in the formation. At least some of the mobilized fluids may be produced from the formation.
Mobile machine hazardous working zone warning system
Schiffbauer, W.H.; Ganoe, C.W.
1999-08-17T23:59:59.000Z
A warning system is provided for a mobile working machine to alert an individual of a potentially dangerous condition in the event the individual strays into a hazardous working zone of the machine. The warning system includes a transmitter mounted on the machine and operable to generate a uniform magnetic field projecting beyond an outer periphery of the machine in defining a hazardous working zone around the machine during operation. A receiver, carried by the individual and activated by the magnetic field, provides an alarm signal to alert the individual when he enters the hazardous working zone of the machine. 3 figs.
Mixing zones in magnetized differentially rotating stars
V. Urpin
2005-09-29T23:59:59.000Z
We study the secular instability of magnetized differentially rotating radiative zones taking account of viscosity and magnetic and thermal diffusivities. The considered instability generalizes the well-known Goldreich-Schubert-Fricke instability for the case of a sufficiently strong magnetic field. In magnetized stars, instability can lead to a formation of non-spherical unstable zones where weak turbulence mixes the material between the surface and interiors. Such unstable zones can manifest themselves by a non-spherical distribution of abundance anormalies on the stellar surface.
Mobile machine hazardous working zone warning system
Schiffbauer, William H. (Connellsville, PA); Ganoe, Carl W. (Pittsburgh, PA)
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A warning system is provided for a mobile working machine to alert an individual of a potentially dangerous condition in the event the individual strays into a hazardous working zone of the machine. The warning system includes a transmitter mounted on the machine and operable to generate a uniform magnetic field projecting beyond an outer periphery of the machine in defining a hazardous working zone around the machine during operation thereof. A receiver, carried by the individual and activated by the magnetic field, provides an alarm signal to alert the individual when he enters the hazardous working zone of the machine.
Convergence of Ginzburg-Landau functionals in 3-d superconductivity
Sisto Baldo; Robert L. Jerrard; Giandomenico Orlandi; Mete Soner
2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we consider the asymptotic behavior of the Ginzburg- Landau model for superconductivity in 3-d, in various energy regimes. We rigorously derive, through an analysis via {\\Gamma}-convergence, a reduced model for the vortex density, and we deduce a curvature equation for the vortex lines. In a companion paper, we describe further applications to superconductivity and superfluidity, such as general expressions for the first critical magnetic field H_{c1}, and the critical angular velocity of rotating Bose-Einstein condensates.
Convergent synthesis of proteins by kinetically controlled ligation
Kent, Stephen (Chicago, IL); Pentelute, Brad (Chicago, IL); Bang, Duhee (Boston, MA); Johnson, Erik (Chicago, IL); Durek, Thomas (Chicago, IL)
2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z
The present invention concerns methods and compositions for synthesizing a polypeptide using kinetically controlled reactions involving fragments of the polypeptide for a fully convergent process. In more specific embodiments, a ligation involves reacting a first peptide having a protected cysteyl group at its N-terminal and a phenylthioester at its C-terminal with a second peptide having a cysteine residue at its N-termini and a thioester at its C-termini to form a ligation product. Subsequent reactions may involve deprotecting the cysteyl group of the resulting ligation product and/or converting the thioester into a thiophenylester.
Emission Zone Control in Blue Organic Electrophosphorescent Devices...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Zone Control in Blue Organic Electrophosphorescent Devices Through Chemical Modification of Host Materials . Emission Zone Control in Blue Organic Electrophosphorescent Devices...
Modeling-Computer Simulations At Central Nevada Seismic Zone...
Modeling-Computer Simulations At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Biasi, Et Al., 2009) Exploration Activity Details Location Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region...
Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...
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More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 4A Baltimore, Maryland Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative...
Paesaggio ed economia delle zone rurali Tiziano Tempesta
Tempesta, Tiziano
Paesaggio ed economia delle zone rurali Tiziano Tempesta Dipartimento Territorio e Sistemi Agroforestali Universitŕ di Padova Estratto da : Tempesta T. (2012), Paesaggio ed economia delle zone rurali
Development of Characterization Technology for Fault Zone Hydrology
Karasaki, Kenzi
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
TECHNOLOGY FOR FAULT ZONE HYDROLOGY Kenzi Karasaki Lawrencefor characterizing the hydrology of fault zones, recognizingstructure of faults to hydrology, that it still may be
Geographic Information System At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone...
Zone Region (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Geographic Information System Activity...
Geodetic Survey At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Blewitt...
Zone Region (Blewitt Et Al, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Geodetic Survey Activity Date...
Compound and Elemental Analysis At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone...
Zone Region (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Compound and Elemental Analysis...
Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone...
Zone Region (Biasi, Et Al., 2008) Exploration Activity Details Location Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring Activity...
Field Mapping At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Blewitt...
Zone Region (Blewitt Et Al, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Field Mapping Activity Date Usefulness...
AltaRock Energy Announces Successful Multiple-Zone Stimulation...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Announces Successful Multiple-Zone Stimulation of Well at the Newberry Enhanced Geothermal Systems Demonstration AltaRock Energy Announces Successful Multiple-Zone Stimulation...
Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
akfairbankspre1980v1-47-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska Reference Buildings by Climate Zone...
Vadose Zone Soil Moisture Wicking Using Super Absorbent Polymers...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Vadose Zone Soil Moisture Wicking Using Super Absorbent Polymers. Vadose Zone Soil Moisture Wicking Using Super Absorbent Polymers. Abstract: Super-absorbent polymers (SAPs) have...
Perched-Water Analysis Related to Deep Vadose Zone Contaminant...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Perched-Water Analysis Related to Deep Vadose Zone Contaminant Transport and Impact to Groundwater. Perched-Water Analysis Related to Deep Vadose Zone Contaminant Transport and...
DOE New Madrid Seismic Zone Electric Utility Workshop Summary...
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
New Madrid Seismic Zone Electric Utility Workshop Summary Report - August 2010 DOE New Madrid Seismic Zone Electric Utility Workshop Summary Report - August 2010 The DOE New Madrid...
Compound and Elemental Analysis At Central Nevada Seismic Zone...
Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Compound and Elemental...
Pine Tree Development Zones Program (Maine)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Pine Tree Development Zones program offers eligible businesses the chance to reduce, and sometimes eliminate, state taxes for up to ten years. There is a statutory requirement of hiring a...
Innovation and Success in Planning and Zoning
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Planning and Zoning July 24, 2013 Why we're here: The Big Picture 2 SunShot Initiative SunShot Initiative 6kWh without subsidy 75% cost reduction by the end of the decade Price...
Microbial oceanography of anoxic oxygen minimum zones
Ulloa, Osvaldo
Vast expanses of oxygen-deficient and nitrite-rich water define the major oxygen minimum zones (OMZs) of the global ocean. They support diverse microbial communities that influence the nitrogen economy of the oceans, ...
Kentucky Economic Opportunity Zone Program (KEOZ) (Kentucky)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Kentucky Economic Opportunity Zone Program (KEOZ) focuses on the development of areas with high unemployment and poverty levels. The program provides an income tax credit of up to 100% of the...
Vadose Zone Transport Field Study: Status Report
Gee, Glendon W.; Ward, Anderson L.
2001-11-30T23:59:59.000Z
Studies were initiated at the Hanford Site to evaluate the process controlling the transport of fluids in the vadose zone and to develop a reliable database upon which vadose-zone transport models can be calibrated. These models are needed to evaluate contaminant migration through the vadose zone to underlying groundwaters at Hanford. A study site that had previously been extensively characterized using geophysical monitoring techniques was selected in the 200 E Area. Techniques used previously included neutron probe for water content, spectral gamma logging for radionuclide tracers, and gamma scattering for wet bulk density. Building on the characterization efforts of the past 20 years, the site was instrumented to facilitate the comparison of nine vadose-zone characterization methods: advanced tensiometers, neutron probe, electrical resistance tomography (ERT), high-resolution resistivity (HRR), electromagnetic induction imaging (EMI), cross-borehole radar (XBR), and cross-borehole seismic (XBS). Soil coring was used to obtain soil samples for analyzing ionic and isotopic tracers.
Zone heated diesel particulate filter electrical connection
Gonze, Eugene V. (Pinckney, MI); Paratore, Jr., Michael J. (Howell, MI)
2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z
An electrical connection system for a particulate filter is provided. The system includes: a particulate filter (PF) disposed within an outer shell wherein the PF is segmented into a plurality of heating zones; an outer mat disposed between the particulate filter and the outer shell; an electrical connector coupled to the outer shell of the PF; and a plurality of printed circuit connections that extend along the outer surface of the PF from the electrical connector to the plurality of heating zones.
Treating nahcolite containing formations and saline zones
Vinegar, Harold J
2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z
A method for treating a nahcolite containing subsurface formation includes removing water from a saline zone in or near the formation. The removed water is heated using a steam and electricity cogeneration facility. The heated water is provided to the nahcolite containing formation. A fluid is produced from the nahcolite containing formation. The fluid includes at least some dissolved nahcolite. At least some of the fluid is provided to the saline zone.
Zone methods and the fermion sign problem
Dean Lee
2002-09-03T23:59:59.000Z
We review a recently proposed approach to the problem of alternating signs for fermionic many body Monte Carlo simulations in finite temperature simulations. We derive an estimate for fermion wandering lengths and introduce the notion of permutation zones, special regions of the lattice where identical fermions may interchange and outside of which they may not. Using successively larger permutation zones, one can extrapolate to obtain thermodynamic observables in regimes where direct simulation is impossible.
On the ergodic convergence rates of a first-order primal-dual algorithm
Antonin Chambolle
2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z
Sep 9, 2014 ... On the ergodic convergence rates of a first-order primal-dual algorithm. Antonin Chambolle (antonin.chambolle ***at*** cmap.polytechnique.fr)
A Vitali-like Convergence Theorem For Generalized Analytic functions Sequence And Its Application
Mingchun Xu
2015-01-20T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, the Vitali-like convergence theorem is established. As its application we complete the proof of the Riemann Hypothesis.
FRESNEL-ZONE MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS OF A DUAL-
Collings, Iain B.
FRESNEL-ZONE MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS OF A DUAL- POLARIZED METEOROLOGICAL RADAR ANTENNA D.B. HaymanBi gain Horizontal and vertical polarizations #12;Range Length 4 m9 2 3 4 = D Fresnel Zone Criterion Data Corrected Fresnel Zone Data Aperture Data Far Field Data Raw Fresnel Zone Data Mask D+2 Fourier
On the Convergence Speed of Turbo Demodulation with Turbo Decoding
Haddad, Salim; Jezequel, Michel
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Iterative processing is widely adopted nowadays in modern wireless receivers for advanced channel codes like turbo and LDPC codes. Extension of this principle with an additional iterative feedback loop to the demapping function has proven to provide substantial error performance gain. However, the adoption of iterative demodulation with turbo decoding is constrained by the additional implied implementation complexity, heavily impacting latency and power consumption. In this paper, we analyze the convergence speed of these combined two iterative processes in order to determine the exact required number of iterations at each level. Extrinsic information transfer (EXIT) charts are used for a thorough analysis at different modulation orders and code rates. An original iteration scheduling is proposed reducing two demapping iterations with reasonable performance loss of less than 0.15 dB. Analyzing and normalizing the computational and memory access complexity, which directly impact latency and power consumption, ...
Zoned electrical heater arranged in spaced relationship from particulate filter
Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI
2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
A system comprises a particulate matter (PM) filter that comprises an upstream end for receiving exhaust gas and a downstream end. A zoned heater is arranged spaced from the upstream end and comprises N zones, where N is an integer greater than one, wherein each of the N zones comprises M sub-zones, where M is an integer greater than one. A control module selectively activates at least a selected one of the N zones to initiate regeneration in downstream portions of the PM filter from the one of the N zones and deactivates non-selected ones of the N zones.
ON HYDRODYNAMIC MOTIONS IN DEAD ZONES
Oishi, Jeffrey S. [Department of Astronomy, 601 Campbell Hall, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States); Mac Low, Mordecai-Mark, E-mail: jsoishi@astro.berkeley.ed, E-mail: mordecai@amnh.or [Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, 79th Street at Central Park West, New York, NY 10024-5192 (United States)
2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate fluid motions near the midplane of vertically stratified accretion disks with highly resistive midplanes. In such disks, the magnetorotational instability drives turbulence in thin layers surrounding a resistive, stable dead zone. The turbulent layers in turn drive motions in the dead zone. We examine the properties of these motions using three-dimensional, stratified, local, shearing-box, non-ideal, magnetohydrodynamical simulations. Although the turbulence in the active zones provides a source of vorticity to the midplane, no evidence for coherent vortices is found in our simulations. It appears that this is because of strong vertical oscillations in the dead zone. By analyzing time series of azimuthally averaged flow quantities, we identify an axisymmetric wave mode particular to models with dead zones. This mode is reduced in amplitude, but not suppressed entirely, by changing the equation of state from isothermal to ideal. These waves are too low frequency to affect sedimentation of dust to the midplane, but may have significance for the gravitational stability of the resulting midplane dust layers.
Evolution of shear zones in granular materials
Balazs Szabo; Janos Torok; Ellak Somfai; Sandra Wegner; Ralf Stannarius; Axel Bose; Georg Rose; Frank Angenstein; Tamas Borzsonyi
2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z
The evolution of wide shear zones (or shear bands) was investigated experimentally and numerically for quasistatic dry granular flows in split bottom shear cells. We compare the behavior of materials consisting of beads, irregular grains (e.g. sand) and elongated particles. Shearing an initially random sample, the zone width was found to significantly decrease in the first stage of the process. The characteristic shear strain associated with this decrease is about unity and it is systematically increasing with shape anisotropy, i.e. when the grain shape changes from spherical to irregular (e.g. sand) and becomes elongated (pegs). The strongly decreasing tendency of the zone width is followed by a slight increase which is more pronounced for rod like particles than for grains with smaller shape anisotropy (beads or irregular particles). The evolution of the zone width is connected to shear induced density change and for nonspherical particles it also involves grain reorientation effects. The final zone width is significantly smaller for irregular grains than for spherical beads.
The influence of small stresses on the dynamics of glaciers and subduction zones
Walter, Jacob Ineman
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
in the Mexican subduction zone, Geofisica Internacional 49Mexican subduction zone, Geofisica Internacional 49 Klein,
Wenji, G.; Ling, C.; Dongdong, L.; Mei, S.; Li, Z.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In northern China, there are a large number of space buildings divided in inner zone and exterior zone based on usage requirements. The exterior zone needs to be heated in winter and cooled in summer, while the inner zone needs to be cooled both...
CONVERGENCE AND ENERGY CONSERVATION OF THE STRANG TIME-SPLITTING HERMITE SPECTRAL METHOD FOR
Caliari, Marco
CONVERGENCE AND ENERGY CONSERVATION OF THE STRANG TIME-SPLITTING HERMITE SPECTRAL METHOD type time-splitting Hermite spectral method; furthermore, we study the energy conservation of the time. Introduction. In the present paper, we study the convergence behaviour and energy conservation of time
Convergence Time of Power-Control Dynamics Johannes Dams Martin Hoefer Thomas Kesselheim
Convergence Time of Power-Control Dynamics Johannes Dams Martin Hoefer Thomas Kesselheim April 20, 2011 Abstract We study two (classes of) distributed algorithms for power control in a general model for power control using regret learning algorithms and iterative discretization. While the exact convergence
Optimal control of the convergence time in the HegselmannKrause Sascha Kurz
Kurz, Sascha
, HegselmannKrause model, convergence time, optimal control MSC: 39A60, 37N35, 91D10, 93C55 Abstract We study the optimal control problem of minimizing the convergence time in the discrete Hegselmann Krause model at the problem of controlling or steering an instance of an opinion dynamics system towards a desired state, see
Shell-instability generated waves by low energy electrons on converging magnetic field lines
California at Berkeley, University of
Shell-instability generated waves by low energy electrons on converging magnetic field lines D of observations of such shell type distributions having positive slope in velocity space at low energies, about 10Â´creÂ´au (2006), Shell-instability generated waves by low energy electrons on converging magnetic field lines
Plasma transport in a converging magnetic field with applications to helicon plasma thrusters
Choueiri, Edgar
.1, which represents a new design criteria for helicon plasma thrusters. I. Introduction ElectrodelessPlasma transport in a converging magnetic field with applications to helicon plasma thrusters IEPC University, Princeton, New Jersey, 08540, USA Plasma transport in the convergent magnetic field region
Johnson Jr.,, Ray
Training & Technology Solutions Queens College ~ Office of Converging Technologies ~ Training & Technology Solutions 718-997-4875 ~ training@qc.cuny.edu ~ I-Bldg 214 CUNYfirst Faculty Center Navigation;Training & Technology Solutions Queens College ~ Office of Converging Technologies ~ Training & Technology
CCCP Algorithms to Minimize the Bethe and Kikuchi Free Energies: Convergent
Yuille, Alan L.
CCCP Algorithms to Minimize the Bethe and Kikuchi Free Energies: Convergent Alternatives to Belief to extrema of the Bethe or Kikuchi free energies and hence are alternatives to belief propagation. Belief introduces a class of discrete iterative algorithms which are provably convergent alternatives to belief
A NONLINEAR CONJUGATE GRADIENT METHOD WITH A STRONG GLOBAL CONVERGENCE PROPERTY
Yuan, Ya-xiang
A NONLINEAR CONJUGATE GRADIENT METHOD WITH A STRONG GLOBAL CONVERGENCE PROPERTY Y. H. DAI AND Y182 Abstract. Conjugate gradient methods are widely used for unconstrained optimization, especially large scale gradient methods. This paper presents a new version of the conjugate gradient method, which converges
Comparison of the Leakage Characteristics of the Straight Annular and Convergent Seals
Ustun, Serafettin
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
independent analysis) ........ 17 Fig. 7 Comparison of the standard k-? and enhanced wall treatment models (convergent seal, Cex=0.1 mm) ..................................................................... 19 Fig. 8 Comparison of the standard k...-? and enhanced wall treatment models (straight annular seal, Cex=0.1 mm) ............................................................... 20 Fig. 9 Pressure contours for the convergent and straight annular seals (rotor wall, 20,200 rpm...
Convergence of the Approximation Scheme to American Option Pricing via the Discrete Morse Semiflow
Ishii, Katsuyuki, E-mail: ishii@maritime.kobe-u.ac.jp [Kobe University, Graduate School of Maritime Sciences (Japan); Omata, Seiro, E-mail: omata@kenroku.kanazawa-u.ac.jp [Kanazawa University, School of Mathematics and Physics, Institute of Science and Engineering (Japan)
2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the approximation scheme to the American call option via the discrete Morse semiflow, which is a minimizing scheme of a time semi-discretized variational functional. In this paper we obtain a rate of convergence of approximate solutions and the convergence of approximate free boundaries. We mainly apply the theory of variational inequalities and that of viscosity solutions to prove our results.
Convergent Anycast: A Low Duty-Cycle MAC Layer for Sensor Networks
Sinha, Prasun
a convergent wakeup protocol, called Convergent-MAC or CMAC, to distributedly determine their wakeup schedules and latency for CMAC are comparable to 802.11 based protocols, while using 88.5% lower energy during event-to-reach areas. Hazardous envi- ronments often pose challenges to the deployer if sen- sors run out of battery
Schofield, Jeremy
Quantum free-energy differences from nonequilibrium path integrals. II. Convergence properties July 2008; published 2 October 2008 Nonequilibrium path-integral methods for computing quantum free-energy with the purpose of establishing the convergence properties of the work distribution and free energy as the number
On the superlinear local convergence of a filter-SQP method
2002-10-24T23:59:59.000Z
Key words. nonlinear programming, superlinear convergence, global .... To ensure global convergence, filter methods evaluate the quality of a search direction ... Since a local solution Żx of (P) minimizes f locally under the constraint h(x)=0, ... Enter restoration phase to find a point xk acceptable to the filter Fk such that.
Convergence in higher mean of a random Schroedinger to a linear Boltzmann evolution
Thomas Chen
2006-05-16T23:59:59.000Z
We study the macroscopic scaling and weak coupling limit for a random Schroedinger equation on Z^3. We prove that the Wigner transforms of a large class of "macroscopic" solutions converge in r-th mean to solutions of a linear Boltzmann equation, for any finite value of r in R_+. This extends previous results where convergence in expectation was established.
A Local Convergence Theory of a Filter Line Search Method for ...
In this paper the theory of local convergence for a class of line search filter type ..... As for proving global convergence, we use the terminology first introduced in ... We do this by exiting the algorithm temporarily and enter into a feasibility.
PLM: Fast Convergence for Cumulative Layered Multicast Transmission Schemes (extended version)
Legout, Arnaud
PLM: Fast Convergence for Cumulative Layered Multicast Transmission Schemes (extended version) A the properties of a new multicast congestion control protocol (called PLM) for audio/video and file transfer. We evaluated PLM for a large variety of scenarios and show that it converges fast to the optimal link
Legout, Arnaud
PLM: Fast Convergence for Cumulative Layered Multicast Transmission Schemes (extended version the properties of a new multicast congestion control protocol (called PLM) for audio/video and file transfer. We evaluated PLM for a large variety of scenarios and show that it converges fast to the optimal link
Understanding Convergence Concepts: a Visual-Minded and Graphical Simulation-Based Approach
Biau, GĂ©rard
Guidelines for Under- graduate Programs in Statistical Science by the American Statistical Association in probability, almost sure convergence, convergence in law and in r-th mean using a visual by a frequency. An R package is available on CRAN which reproduces all the experiments done in this paper. KEY
Fluidized bed boiler convective zone tube replacement
Not Available
1991-03-21T23:59:59.000Z
A major problem with the Georgetown University Atomspheric-Pressure, Fluidized-Bed Combustor-Boiler (GU AFBC) experienced during the first six years of operation was tube erosion. Previous corrective measures for in-bed tube erosion appeared to be effective, but excessive wear of the convective zone tubes was still occurring, and the entire heat transfer tube bundle in the boiler required replacement. In the planned project,the eroded tubes would be replaced, and the convective zone modified to eliminate the problem. Progress is discussed.
Contractive Interference Functions and Rates of Convergence of Distributed Power Control Laws
Johansson, Hamid Reza Feyzmahdavian 'and' Mikael
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The standard interference functions introduced by Yates have been very influential on the analysis and design of distributed power control laws. While powerful and versatile, the framework has some drawbacks: the existence of fixed-points has to be established separately, and no guarantees are given on the rate of convergence of the iterates. This paper introduces contractive interference functions, a slight reformulation of the standard interference functions that guarantees the existence and uniqueness of fixed-points along with geometric convergence. We show that many power control laws from the literature are contractive and derive, sometimes for the first time, analytical convergence rate estimates for these algorithms. We also prove that contractive interference functions converge when executed totally asynchronously and, under the assumption that the communication delay is bounded, derive an explicit bound on the convergence time penalty due to increased delay. Finally, we demonstrate that although all...
Wilde, Juray de [Laboratorium voor Petrochemische Techniek, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281, Blok S5, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium) and Fluid Mechanics Laboratory, Department of Fluid, Heat and Combustion Mechanics, Ghent University, St.-Pietersnieuwstraat 41, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium)]. E-mail: Guray.Marin@UGent.be; Vierendeels, Jan [Fluid Mechanics Laboratory, Department of Fluid, Heat and Combustion Mechanics, Ghent University, St.-Pietersnieuwstraat 41, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Heynderickx, Geraldine J. [Laboratorium voor Petrochemische Techniek, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281, Blok S5, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Marin, Guy B. [Laboratorium voor Petrochemische Techniek, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281, Blok S5, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium)
2005-07-20T23:59:59.000Z
Simultaneous solution algorithms for Eulerian-Eulerian gas-solid flow models are presented and their stability analyzed. The integration algorithms are based on dual-time stepping with fourth-order Runge-Kutta in pseudo-time. The domain is solved point or plane wise. The discretization of the inviscid terms is based on a low-Mach limit of the multi-phase preconditioned advection upstream splitting method (MP-AUSMP). The numerical stability of the simultaneous solution algorithms is analyzed in 2D with the Fourier method. Stability results are compared with the convergence behaviour of 3D riser simulations. The impact of the grid aspect ratio, preconditioning, artificial dissipation, and the treatment of the source terms is investigated. A particular advantage of the simultaneous solution algorithms is that they allow a fully implicit treatment of the source terms which are of crucial importance for the Eulerian-Eulerian gas-solid flow models and their solution. The numerical stability of the optimal simultaneous solution algorithm is analyzed for different solids volume fractions and gas-solid slip velocities. Furthermore, the effect of the grid resolution on the convergence behaviour and the simulation results is investigated. Finally, simulations of the bottom zone of a pilot-scale riser with a side solids inlet are experimentally validated.
Testing Many-Worlds Quantum Theory By Measuring Pattern Convergence Rates
Frank J. Tipler
2008-09-25T23:59:59.000Z
The Born Interpretation of the wave function gives only the relative frequencies as the number of observations approaches infinity. Using the Many-Worlds Interpretation of quantum mechanics, specifically the fact that there must exist other versions of ourselves in the multiverse, I show that the observed frequencies should approach the Born frequencies as 1/N, where N is the number of observations. In the body of the paper I state this convergence rate precisely as AN EASILY TESTABLE FORMULA. We can therefore test the central claim of the MWI by measuring the convergence rate to the final Born frequency. Conversely, the MWI allows us to calculate this convergence rate.
Arbanas, Goran [ORNL] [ORNL; Dunn, Michael E [ORNL] [ORNL; Larson, Nancy M [ORNL] [ORNL; Leal, Luiz C [ORNL] [ORNL; Williams, Mark L [ORNL] [ORNL
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Convergence properties of Legendre expansion of a Doppler-broadened double-differential elastic neutron scattering cross section of {sup 238}U near the 6.67 eV resonance at temperature 10{sup 3} K are studied. A variance of Legendre expansion from a reference Monte Carlo computation is used as a measure of convergence and is computed for as many as 15 terms in the Legendre expansion. When the outgoing energy equals the incoming energy, it is found that the Legendre expansion converges very slowly. Therefore, a supplementary method of computing many higher-order terms is suggested and employed for this special case.
anatolian fault zone: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
across the Mudurnu segment of the North Anatolian Fault Zone (NAFZ) in northwestern Turkey Ben-Zion, Yehuda 2 Velocity contrast across the 1944 rupture zone of the North...
oZONE Faculty and Staff Enrolling Students
Oklahoma, University of
oZONE Faculty and Staff Enrolling Students Log in to ozone.ou.edu. Click the Advising tab. Please lecture schedule CRN Course Reference Number In oZONE the Registration Add Errors will display one
Agricultural Zoning as a Farmland Protection Tool in Georgia
Rosemond, Amy Daum
Agricultural Zoning as a Farmland Protection Tool in Georgia Prepared by: Emily Franzen, Staff Attorney UGA River Basin Center 706-583-0282 emilyf@uga.edu Table of Contents Introduction to Agricultural Exclusive Agricultural Zoning
Incentive zoning and environmental quality in Boston's Fenway neighborhood
DeFlorio, Joshua (Joshua C.)
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A density bonus, also called incentive zoning, is a conditional liberalization of zoning regulations, allowing a real estate development to exceed as-of-right density limits in exchange for the in-kind provision or purchase ...
oZONE Faculty and Staff Exporting and Importing Grades
Oklahoma, University of
oZONE Faculty and Staff Exporting and Importing Grades Exporting/Importing Grades in oZONE The new - Log in to ozone.ou.edu using your OU Net ID (4+4) as you would in any other OU system. Click Importing Grades from a Exported oZONE template If you exported a course template from the oZONE grading
Geothermometry At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Shevenell...
ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermometry At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Shevenell & De Rocher, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location...
Geographic Information System At Central Nevada Seismic Zone...
Home Exploration Activity: Geographic Information System At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Central Nevada...
Radiative precursors driven by converging blast waves in noble gases
Burdiak, G. C.; Lebedev, S. V.; Harvey-Thompson, A. J.; Swadling, G. F.; Suzuki-Vidal, F.; Hall, G. N.; Khoory, E.; Pickworth, L.; Bland, S. N.; Grouchy, P. de; Skidmore, J.; Suttle, L.; Bennett, M.; Niasse, N. P. L. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London SW7 2BW (United Kingdom)] [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London SW7 2BW (United Kingdom); Williams, R. J. R. [Atomic Weapons Establishment, Aldermaston RG7 4PR (United Kingdom)] [Atomic Weapons Establishment, Aldermaston RG7 4PR (United Kingdom); Blesener, K.; Atoyan, L.; Cahill, A.; Hoyt, C.; Potter, W. [Laboratory of Plasma Studies, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States)] [Laboratory of Plasma Studies, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); and others
2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
A detailed study of the radiative precursor that develops ahead of converging blast waves in gas-filled cylindrical liner z-pinch experiments is presented. The experiment is capable of magnetically driving 20?km s{sup ?1} blast waves through gases of densities of the order 10{sup ?5} g cm{sup ?3} (see Burdiak et al. [High Energy Density Phys. 9(1), 52–62 (2013)] for a thorough description). Data were collected for Ne, Ar, and Xe gas-fills. The geometry of the setup allows a determination of the plasma parameters both in the precursor and across the shock, along a nominally uniform line of sight that is perpendicular to the propagation of the shock waves. Radiation from the shock was able to excite NeI, ArII, and XeII/XeIII precursor spectral features. It is shown that the combination of interferometry and optical spectroscopy data is inconsistent with upstream plasmas being in LTE. Specifically, electron density gradients do not correspond to any apparent temperature change in the emission spectra. Experimental data are compared to 1D radiation hydrodynamics HELIOS-CR simulations and to PrismSPECT atomic physics calculations to assist in a physical interpretation of the observations. We show that upstream plasma is likely in the process of being radiatively heated and that the emission from a small percentage of ionised atoms within a cool background plasma dominates the emission spectra. Experiments were carried out on the MAGPIE and COBRA pulsed-power facilities at Imperial College London and Cornell University, respectively.
Demonstration of 12 nm resolution Fresnel zone plate lens based soft x-ray microscopy
Chao, W.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of 12 nm Resolution Fresnel Zone Plate Lens based Soft X-raynanofabrication process for Fresnel zone plate lenses. Theoptical performance of Fresnel zone plate lens based imaging
Radioactive waste disposal in thick unsaturated zones
Winograd, I.J.
1981-06-26T23:59:59.000Z
Portions of the Great Basin are undergoing crustal extension and have unsaturated zones as much as 600 meters thick. These areas contain multiple natural barriers capable of isolating solidified toxic wastes from the biosphere for tens of thousands to perhaps hundreds of thousands of years. An example of the potential utilization of such arid zone environments for toxic waste isolation is the burial of transuranic radioactive wastes at relatively shallow depths (15 to 100 meters) in Sedan Crater, Yucca Flat, Nevada. The volume of this man-made crater is several times that of the projected volume of such wastes to the year 2000. Disposal in Sedan Crater could be accomplished at a savings on the order of $0.5 billion, in comparison with current schemes for burial of such wastes in mined repositories at depths of 600 to 900 meters, and with an apparently equal likelihood of waste isolation from the biosphere. 4 figures.
Permutation zones and the fermion sign problem
Dean Lee
2002-10-22T23:59:59.000Z
We present a new approach to the problem of alternating signs for fermionic many body Monte Carlo simulations. We demonstrate that the exchange of identical fermions is typically short-ranged even when the underlying physics is dominated by long distance correlations. We show that the exchange process has a maximum characteristic range of sqrt[2*(1-f)*beta*h] lattice sites, where beta is the inverse temperature, h is the hopping parameter, and f is the filling fraction. We introduce the notion of permutation zones, special regions of the lattice where identical fermions may interchange and outside of which they may not. Using successively larger permutation zones, one can extrapolate to obtain thermodynamic observables in regimes where direct simulation is impossible.
Vadose Zone Transport Field Study: Summary Report
Ward, Andy L.; Conrad, Mark E.; Daily, William D.; Fink, James B.; Freedman, Vicky L.; Gee, Glendon W.; Hoversten, Gary M.; Keller, Jason M.; Majer, Ernest L.; Murray, Christopher J.; White, Mark D.; Yabusaki, Steven B.; Zhang, Z. F.
2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z
From FY 2000 through FY 2003, a series of vadose zone transport field experiments were conducted as part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Groundwater/Vadose Zone Integration Project Science and Technology Project, now known as the Remediation and Closure Science Project, and managed by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The series of experiments included two major field campaigns, one at a 299-E24-11 injection test site near PUREX and a second at a clastic dike site off Army Loop Road. The goals of these experiments were to improve our understanding of vadose zone transport processes; to develop data sets to validate and calibrate vadose zone flow and transport models; and to identify advanced monitoring techniques useful for evaluating flow-and-transport mechanisms and delineating contaminant plumes in the vadose zone at the Hanford Site. This report summarizes the key findings from the field studies and demonstrates how data collected from these studies are being used to improve conceptual models and develop numerical models of flow and transport in Hanford’s vadose zone. Results of these tests have led to a better understanding of the vadose zone. Fine-scale geologic heterogeneities, including grain fabric and lamination, were observed to have a strong effect on the large-scale behavior of contaminant plumes, primarily through increased lateral spreading resulting from anisotropy. Conceptual models have been updated to include lateral spreading and numerical models of unsaturated flow and transport have revised accordingly. A new robust model based on the concept of a connectivity tensor was developed to describe saturation-dependent anisotropy in strongly heterogeneous soils and has been incorporated into PNNL’s Subsurface Transport Over Multiple Phases (STOMP) simulator. Application to field-scale transport problems have led to a better understanding plume behavior at a number of sites where lateral spreading may have dominated waste migration (e.g. BC Cribs and Trenches). The improved models have been also coupled with inverse models and newly-developed parameter scaling techniques to allow estimation of field-scale and effective transport parameters for the vadose zone. The development and utility of pedotransfer functions for describing fine-scale hydrogeochemical heterogeneity and for incorporating this heterogeneity into reactive transport models was explored. An approach based on grain-size statistics appears feasible and has been used to describe heterogeneity in hydraulic properties and sorption properties, such as the cation exchange capacity and the specific surface area of Hanford sediments. This work has also led to the development of inverse modeling capabilities for time-dependent, subsurface, reactive transport with transient flow fields using an automated optimization algorithm. In addition, a number of geophysical techniques investigated for their potential to provide detailed information on the subtle changes in lithology and bedding surfaces; plume delineation, leak detection. High-resolution resistivity is now being used for detecting saline plumes at several waste sites at Hanford, including tank farms. Results from the field studies and associated analysis have appeared in more than 46 publications generated over the past 4 years. These publications include test plans and status reports, in addition to numerous technical notes and peer reviewed papers.
Surf zone eddies coupled with rip current morphology
Kirby, James T.
Surf zone eddies coupled with rip current morphology Jamie H. MacMahan Oceanography Department. Thornton, and T. P. Stanton (2004), Surf zone eddies coupled with rip current morphology, J. Geophys. Res) surf zone eddies (SZEs) were observed on a beach composed of shore-connected shoals with quasi
oZONE Faculty and Staff Course Overrides
Oklahoma, University of
oZONE Faculty and Staff Course Overrides and the Registration Add Errors They Resolve Departments of the overrides within the registration component of oZONE. We have, however, retained a few instances where some. There is also a link to this document on the Student Training and Instructions page in the oZONE info site
Form-based zoning : what place is this code?
Mehta, Shilpa, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Form-based zoning is a relatively recent innovation in zoning reform. Many cities in the U.S. have adopted form-based codes in lieu of or as a supplement to conventional zoning and many more are in the process of studying ...
Diffraction theory for azimuthally structured Fresnel zone plate
Jahns, Jürgen
Diffraction theory for azimuthally structured Fresnel zone plate Thordis Vierke and Jürgen Jahns A conventional Fresnel zone plate (FZP) consists of concentric rings with an alternating binary transmission of zero and one. In an azimuthally structured Fresnel zone plate (aFZP), the light transmission
Comprehensive focusing analysis of various Fresnel zone plates
Jahns, Jürgen
Comprehensive focusing analysis of various Fresnel zone plates Qing Cao and Ju¨rgen Jahns Optische and the linear superposition principle, of the focusing performances of various Fresnel zone plates. Many similarity between Fresnel zone plates and multilevel diffractive lenses, most of the obtained results
Modified Fresnel zone plates that produce sharp Gaussian focal spots
Jahns, Jürgen
Modified Fresnel zone plates that produce sharp Gaussian focal spots Qing Cao and Ju¨rgen Jahns Fresnel zone plate that can produce an approximate Gaussian focal spot is proposed for the focusing of 7.7 nm can be produced by a modified Fresnel zone plate with a minimum structure size of 30 nm
a bStomach Lung cell zone Clara cell
Krasnow, Mark A.
a bStomach Lung Chief-cell zone Stem-cell zone Mucus- cell zone Clara cell Tracheal airway Basal independent studies show that, if push comes to shove, differentiated cells of the stomach and lung can act and the other by Stange et al.2 published in Cell, find that followingdepletionofstemcellsinthestomach or lung
Diesel particulate filter with zoned resistive heater
Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI
2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z
A diesel particulate filter assembly comprises a diesel particulate filter (DPF) and a heater assembly. The DPF filters a particulate from exhaust produced by an engine. The heater assembly has a first metallic layer that is applied to the DPF, a resistive layer that is applied to the first metallic layer, and a second metallic layer that is applied to the resistive layer. The second metallic layer is etched to form a plurality of zones.
Capillary zone electrophoresis-mass spectrometer interface
D'Silva, Arthur (Ames, IA)
1996-08-06T23:59:59.000Z
A device for providing equal electrical potential between two loci unconnected by solid or liquid electrical conducts is provided. The device comprises a first electrical conducting terminal, a second electrical conducting terminal connected to the first terminal by a rigid dielectric structure, and an electrically conducting gas contacting the first and second terminals. This device is particularly suitable for application in the electrospray ionization interface between a capillary zone electrophoresis apparatus and a mass spectrometer.
Movement of VOCs through the vadose zone
Patel, Pinakin K.
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
chapter provides a summary and suggestions regarding applications and future modifications of this work. CHAPTER II LITERATURE REVIEW This chapter reviews the literature related to gaseous transport processes in the vadose zone. The first section... with both, analytical solutions and experimental results. While other numerical approaches are available, the method of characteristics appears to be one of the best and most general numerical methods for solving the transport equation. B. Diffusion...
Capillary zone electrophoresis-mass spectrometer interface
D`Silva, A.
1996-08-06T23:59:59.000Z
A device for providing equal electrical potential between two loci unconnected by solid or liquid electrical conductors is provided. The device comprises a first electrical conducting terminal, a second electrical conducting terminal connected to the first terminal by a rigid dielectric structure, and an electrically conducting gas contacting the first and second terminals. This device is particularly suitable for application in the electrospray ionization interface between a capillary zone electrophoresis apparatus and a mass spectrometer. 1 fig.
An upper bound on the convergence rate of uplink power control in DS-CDMA systems
Chen, Minghua; Tse, David
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
7 for all time slot m, implying power control convergenceA framework for uplink power control in cellular radiofor the closed-loop power control in time slot m. Therefore,
Howarth, D.
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Why, despite considerable convergence in the economic policy preferences and policies of the mainstream Left (principally Socialist Party) and Right, did economic policy remained a major subject of debate during the 2002 ...
Moore, Vernon Michael
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Delamination of the lower crust and lithospheric mantle has occurred in several orogens during convergence, most notably the Alps and Pyrenees. The factors responsible for initiating the delamination are not clear. Some workers suggest...
For immediate release --October 1, 2014 New media practices converge across disciplines
Hossain, Shahadat
For immediate release -- October 1, 2014 New media practices converge across disciplines Students entering the field of new media might not be aware of all the ways new media tools are being used across disciplines
Convergence analysis of a CMFD method based on generalized equivalence theory
Xu, Y. [Argonne National Laboratory, Bldg. 208, 9700 South Case Ave., Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Downar, T. [Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, Univ. of Michigan, 2355 Bonisteel Blvd, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2104 (United States)
2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
CMFD acceleration methods have been successful in reducing the computational burden for steady-state and transient reactor calculations. However, recent work on a complex coupled code BWR ATWS event has exposed possible issues with the stability of the CMFD method when standard CMFD methods are used. During the simulation of the ATWS boron injection event in the BWR, the PARCS code failed to converge with the existing CMFD method. A new CMFD method based on generalized equivalence theory was developed and the PARCS solution converged for the same ATWS event. This paper presents the new method and a detailed analytic and numerical convergence analysis. The results show that the new CMFD converges for all possible cross sections combinations anticipated in Light Water Reactor simulation and unlike existing CMFD methods, it is very robust even when the initial guess is far from final true solution. (authors)
Distribution of Energy and Convergence to Equilibria in Extended Dissipative Systems
Gallay, Thierry
Distribution of Energy and Convergence to Equilibria in Extended Dissipative Systems Thierry Gallay Institut Fourier Universitâ??e de Grenoble & CNRS BP 74 38402 SaintÂMartinÂd'Hâ??eres, France Thierry.Gallay
Distribution of Energy and Convergence to Equilibria in Extended Dissipative Systems
Gallay, Thierry
Distribution of Energy and Convergence to Equilibria in Extended Dissipative Systems Thierry Gallay Institut Fourier UniversitÂ´e de Grenoble & CNRS BP 74 38402 Saint-Martin-d'H`eres, France Thierry.Gallay
The Pugh Controlled Convergence Method: Model-Based Evaluation and Implications for Design Theory
Wijnia, Ype
This paper evaluates the Pugh Controlled Convergence method and its relationship to recent developments in design theory. Computer executable models are proposed simulating a team of people involved in iterated cycles of ...
The management of transmedia production in an era of media and digital convergence
Merkin, Andrew D. (Andrew David)
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
As the digital and media convergence era hits its full stride and media companies struggle to maintain profitability in sectors of the entertainment industry, the production of transmedia experiences is becoming more ...
Global convergence of the Heavy-ball method for convex optimization
2014-12-20T23:59:59.000Z
iterates converges to the optimum at a rate of O(1/k) where k is the number of ...... M. R. Hestenes and E. Stiefel, Methods of conjugate gradients for solving linear ...
Bustamante, David Anthony
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
CONVERGENCE OF PENALTY AND AUGMENTED LAGRANGIAN FORMULATIONS IN THE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF NONLINEAR MULTIBODY SYSTEMS A Thesis DAVID ANTHONY BUSTAMANTE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of ~R OF SCIENCE December 1992 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering CONVERGENCE OF PENALTY AND AUGMENTED LAGRANGIAN FORMULATIONS IN THE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF NONLINEAR MULTIBODY SYSTEMS A Thesis by DAVID ANTHONY BUSTAMANTE...
Basic Fourier series: convergence on and outside the q-linear grid
J. L. Cardoso
2006-05-30T23:59:59.000Z
A q-type Holder condition on a function f is given in order to establish (uniform) convergence of the corresponding basic Fourier series S_q[f] to the function itself, on the set of points of the q-linear grid. Furthermore, by adding others conditions, one guaranties the (uniform) convergence of S_q[f] to f on and "outside" the set points of the q-linear grid.
SATURATED ZONE IN-SITU TESTING
P.W. REIMUS
2004-11-08T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this scientific analysis is to document the results and interpretations of field experiments that test and validate conceptual flow and radionuclide transport models in the saturated zone (SZ) near Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The test interpretations provide estimates of flow and transport parameters used in the development of parameter distributions for total system performance assessment (TSPA) calculations. These parameter distributions are documented in ''Site-Scale Saturated Zone Flow Model (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170037]), Site-Scale Saturated Zone Transport'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170036]), Saturated Zone Colloid Transport (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170006]), and ''Saturated Zone Flow and Transport Model Abstraction'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170042]). Specifically, this scientific analysis contributes the following to the assessment of the capability of the SZ to serve as part of a natural barrier for waste isolation for the Yucca Mountain repository system: (1) The bases for selection of conceptual flow and transport models in the saturated volcanics and the saturated alluvium located near Yucca Mountain. (2) Results and interpretations of hydraulic and tracer tests conducted in saturated fractured volcanics at the C-wells complex near Yucca Mountain. The test interpretations include estimates of hydraulic conductivities, anisotropy in hydraulic conductivity, storativities, total porosities, effective porosities, longitudinal dispersivities, matrix diffusion mass transfer coefficients, matrix diffusion coefficients, fracture apertures, and colloid transport parameters. (3) Results and interpretations of hydraulic and tracer tests conducted in saturated alluvium at the Alluvial Testing Complex (ATC) located at the southwestern corner of the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The test interpretations include estimates of hydraulic conductivities, storativities, total porosities, effective porosities, longitudinal dispersivities, matrix diffusion mass transfer coefficients, and colloid transport parameters. (4) Comparisons of sorption parameter estimates for a reactive solute tracer (lithium ion) derived from the C-wells field tracer tests and laboratory tests using C-wells core samples. (5) Sorption parameter estimates for lithium ion derived from laboratory tests using alluvium samples from ATC well NC-EWDP-19D. These estimates will allow a comparison of laboratory- and field-derived sorption parameters to be made in saturated alluvium if cross-hole tracer tests are conducted at the ATC.
Damped reaction field method and the accelerated convergence of the real space Ewald summation
Victor H. Elvira; Luis G. MacDowell
2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we study a general theoretical framework which allows to approximate the real space Ewald sum by means of effective force shifted screened potentials, together with a self term. Using this strategy it is possible to generalize the reaction field method, as a means to approximate the real space Ewald sum. We show that this method exhibits faster convergence of the Coulomb energy than several schemes proposed recently in the literature while enjoying a much more sound and clear electrostatic significance. In terms of the damping parameter of the screened potential, we are able to identify two clearly distinct regimes of convergence. Firstly, a reaction field regime corresponding to the limit of small screening, where effective pair potentials converge faster than the Ewald sum. Secondly, an Ewald regime, where the plain real space Ewald sum converges faster. Tuning the screening parameter for optimal convergence occurs essentially at the crossover. The implication is that effective pair potentials are an alternative to the Ewald sum only in those cases where optimization of the convergence error is not possible.
Hydrodynamic force characteristics in the splash zone
Daliri, M.R.; Haritos, N. [Univ. of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria (Australia). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering
1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
A comprehensive experimental study concerned with the hydrodynamic force characteristics of both rigid and compliant surface piercing cylinders, with a major focus on the local nature of these characteristics as realized in the splash zone and in the fully submerged zone immediately below this region, has been in progress at the University of Melbourne for the last three years. This paper concentrates on a portion of this study associated with uni-directional regular wave inputs with wave steepness (H/{lambda}) in the range 0.0005--0.1580 and Keulegan-Carpenter (KC) numbers in the range 2--15 which encompasses inertia force dominant (KC<5) to drag force significant conditions (5
GridZone | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJump to:Information 9297484Â°,GreylockGridWiseGridZone
Wetlands and Riparian Zones | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri GlobalJump to:Westwood Renewables Jump to: navigation,Riparian Zones
Deep Vadose Zone | Department of Energy
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,39732 DOE F 243.2Dashboards DashboardsDeep Vadose Zone Deep Vadose
ZipZone Technologies | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin: EnergyWyandanch,Eaga Solar LtdZhonghuiteZim'sZipZone
Pellet Zone Ltd | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian,Parle Biscuits PvtPawPearland,Peekskill,Pellet Zone Ltd
Leeuw, Goverdina Anna Maria de
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
arc. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. , 105, 369–380. Carr, M. J. ,to degassing. J. Petrol. , 36, 1633–1646. Dixon, J. E. ,and solubility models. J. Petrol. , 36, 1607–1631. Doremus,
Microbial metatranscriptomics in a permanent marine oxygen minimum zone
Stewart, Frank J.
Simultaneous characterization of taxonomic composition, metabolic gene content and gene expression in marine oxygen minimum zones (OMZs) has potential to broaden perspectives on the microbial and biogeochemical dynamics ...
Modeling-Computer Simulations At Central Nevada Seismic Zone...
Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References J. W....
Modeling-Computer Simulations At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone...
navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Biasi, Et Al., 2009) Exploration...
Modeling-Computer Simulations At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone...
navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Pritchett, 2004) Exploration...
Alteration And Geochemical Zoning In Bodie Bluff, Bodie Mining...
Alteration And Geochemical Zoning In Bodie Bluff, Bodie Mining District, Eastern California Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article:...
andean subduction zone: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Because subduction zones generate the largest earthquakes, seismic hazard assessment relies on understanding the degree to which slow earthquakes reduce the energy...
Trace Element Geochemical Zoning in the Roosevelt Hot Springs...
Capuano. 1980. Trace Element Geochemical Zoning in the Roosevelt Hot Springs Thermal Area, Utah. In: Transactions. GRC Annual Meeting; 09091980; Salt Lake City, UT. Salt...
Innovation and Success in Planning and Zoning | Department of...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
summarizes several successful initiatives to implement solar-friendly planes and zoning codes. webinar072413planningzoning.pdf More Documents & Publications...
Production from multiple zones of a tar sands formation
Karanikas, John Michael; Vinegar, Harold J
2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z
A method for treating a tar sands formation includes providing heat to at least part of a hydrocarbon layer in the formation from a plurality of heaters located in the formation. The heat is allowed to transfer from the heaters to at least a portion of the formation. Fluids are produced from the formation through at least one production well that is located in at least two zones in the formation. The first zone has an initial permeability of at least 1 darcy. The second zone has an initial of at most 0.1 darcy. The two zones are separated by a substantially impermeable barrier.
Shear zone refraction and deflection in layered granular materials
Tamas Borzsonyi; Tamas Unger; Balazs Szabo
2009-12-09T23:59:59.000Z
Refraction and deflection of shear zones in layered granular materials was studied experimentally and numerically. We show, that (i) according to a recent theoretical prediction [T. Unger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 018301 (2007)] shear zones refract in layered systems in analogy with light refraction, (ii) zone refraction obeys Snell's law known from geometric optics and (iii) under natural pressure conditions (i.e. in the presence of gravity) the zone can also be deflected by the interface so that the deformation of the high friction material is avoided.
Field Mapping At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Shevenell...
Region (Shevenell, Et Al., 2008) Exploration Activity Details Location Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Field Mapping Activity Date Usefulness...
Geothermometry At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Shevenell...
(Shevenell & De Rocher, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Geothermometry Activity Date Usefulness...
Refraction Survey At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Heimgartner...
Region (Heimgartner, Et Al., 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Refraction Survey Activity Date...
Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
minneapolispre1980v1-47-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 6A Minneapolis, Minnesota Reference Buildings by...
affected zone southern: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
to mylonites. The sampled peridotites therefore represent Stern, Robert J. 6 Wind speed influence on phytoplankton bloom dynamics in the Southern Ocean Marginal Ice Zone...
Fracture toughness and process zone kinetics in amorphous polymers
Kim, A.
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Usually, a process (deformation) zone is formed ahead of a crack as a response to the stress concentration in ductile materials. Then the crack initiation and propagation are inseparable from the evolution of the process zone accompanying the crack. Thus the kinetics of process zone evolution is closely coupled with the time dependency of fracture. In this study, we report the effects of weathering, scale and loading rate on fracture toughness parameters, and the kinetics of process zone evolution. We also propose a kinetic equation for process zone as a basis for modeling of the time dependency of polycarbonate fracture. Since the well-known Griffith's criterion is usually implemented for characterization of brittle fracture, we have reviewed the applicability of the conventional toughness parameter to characterization of brittle polymers. After that we applied the developed experimental and analytical technique to polycarbonate which possesses ductility and thus does not obey the conventional fracture toughness characterization requirements. The fracture toughness analysis leads to recognition of the important role of process zone evolution in fracture phenomena. As result, one of the main topics of the present work is the experimental and theoretical studies of the process zone kinetics. The kinetic equation is derived following the first principle of thermodynamics of irreversible processes. It provides a master curve for the process zone evolution for various initial conditions. The kinetic equation for the evolution of the process zone in polycarbonate is the main achievement of the thesis. The results provide the basis for mathematical modeling of time dependency of fracture.
Eastern Energy Zones Mapping Tool Now Available | Department...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
Addthis The Eastern Interconnection States' Planning Council (EISPC) has released the Energy Zones (EZ) Mapping Tool, a free, web-based interactive tool that will help states...
Stress and fault rock controls on fault zone hydrology, Coso...
rock controls on fault zone hydrology, Coso geothermal field, CA Abstract In crystalline rock of the Coso Geothermal Field, CA, fractures are the primary source of permeability....
Geodetic Survey At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Blewitt...
ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geodetic Survey At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Blewitt Et Al, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Central...
Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring At Central Nevada Seismic Zone...
Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Biasi, Et Al., 2009) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring At...
Geodetic Survey At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Blewitt...
Blewitt, Et Al., 2003) Exploration Activity Details Location Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Geodetic Survey Activity Date Usefulness useful...
Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring At Central Nevada Seismic Zone...
navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Biasi, Et Al., 2008) Exploration...
Field Mapping At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Blewitt...
Region (Blewitt, Et Al., 2003) Exploration Activity Details Location Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Field Mapping Activity Date Usefulness...
Geographic Information System At Central Nevada Seismic Zone...
Home Exploration Activity: Geographic Information System At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2005 - 2) Exploration Activity Details Location...
Field Mapping At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Shevenell...
Shevenell, Et Al., 2008) Exploration Activity Details Location Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Field Mapping Activity Date Usefulness could be...
Geographic Information System At Central Nevada Seismic Zone...
Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Geographic Information System Activity Date Usefulness useful regional reconnaissance DOE-funding Unknown...
Refraction Survey At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Heimgartner...
Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Heimgartner, Et Al., 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Refraction Survey At Central...
Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone...
navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Teleseismic-Seismic Monitoring At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Biasi, Et Al., 2009) Exploration...
arid vadose zone: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
XI, Universit de 13 Uniform and Preferential Flow Mechanisms in the Vadose Zone Environmental Management and Restoration Websites Summary: . Both types of flow occur...
GROUNDWATER NITRATE REMOVAL CAPACITY OF RIPARIAN ZONES IN
Gold, Art
, and 3 in Urban watersheds to study denitrification capacity. Mini-piezometers were installed at eachGROUNDWATER NITRATE REMOVAL CAPACITY OF RIPARIAN ZONES IN URBANIZING WATERSHEDS BY TARA KIMBERLY and geomorphology of riparian zones, potentially changing riparian groundwater denitrification capacity. Little work
Wireless Sensor Networks Routing over Zones Kamal Beydoun, Violeta Felea
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Wireless Sensor Networks Routing over Zones Kamal Beydoun, Violeta Felea Laboratory of Computer univ-fcomte dot fr Abstract--In this paper, we propose a routing protocol for wireless sensor networks to determine a lower bound for the number of zones. Index Terms--wireless sensor networks, hierarchical routing
abscission zone cells: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
ZONE Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: N O P R I N TI N G Z O N E N O P R I N TI N G Z O N E N O P R I N TI N G Z O N E NO PRINTING ZONE NO...
Two-zone countercurrent smelter system and process
Cox, James H. (Toronto, CA); Fruehan, Richard J. (Murrysville, PA); Elliott, deceased, John F. (late of Winchester, MA)
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A process for continuously smelting iron ore by use of coal to yield molten iron or semi-steel is disclosed. The process comprises the steps of establishing a melt covered by slag; inducing the slag and the molten iron to flow countercurrently to one another, toward opposite ends of the smelter; maintaining iron oxide-reducing conditions in that zone of the smelter towards which the slag flows; maintaining carbon-oxidizing conditions in that zone of the smelter towards which the molten iron flows; continuously or semicontinuously tapping the slag from the reducing zone end of the smelter; continuously or semicontinuously tapping the molten iron from the oxidizing zone end of the smelter; and adding to both zones iron ore, coal, oxygen, and flux at addition rates sufficient to keep the molten iron in the reducing zone substantially saturated with carbon, maintain in the slag being tapped an FeO content of about 5 weight percent or less, and maintain in the molten iron being tapped a carbon content of about 0.5 to 5 weight percent. A slag dam preferably is included in the smelter, to impede the backflow of the slag from the reducing zone to the oxidizing zone. A metal bath dam with one or more flow-through portals also is preferably used, submerged below the slag dam, to impede the backflow of the hot metal.
Two-zone countercurrent smelter system and process
Cox, J.H.; Fruehan, R.J.; Elliott, J.F.
1995-01-03T23:59:59.000Z
A process for continuously smelting iron ore by use of coal to yield molten iron or semi-steel is disclosed. The process comprises the steps of establishing a melt covered by slag; inducing the slag and the molten iron to flow countercurrently to one another, toward opposite ends of the smelter; maintaining iron oxide-reducing conditions in that zone of the smelter towards which the slag flows; maintaining carbon-oxidizing conditions in that zone of the smelter towards which the molten iron flows; continuously or semicontinuously tapping the slag from the reducing zone end of the smelter; continuously or semicontinuously tapping the molten iron from the oxidizing zone end of the smelter; and adding to both zones iron ore, coal, oxygen, and flux at addition rates sufficient to keep the molten iron in the reducing zone substantially saturated with carbon, maintain in the slag being tapped an FeO content of about 5 weight percent or less, and maintain in the molten iron being tapped a carbon content of about 0.5 to 5 weight percent. A slag dam preferably is included in the smelter, to impede the backflow of the slag from the reducing zone to the oxidizing zone. A metal bath dam with one or more flow-through portals also is preferably used, submerged below the slag dam, to impede the backflow of the hot metal. 8 figures.
Significance of Soft Zone Sediments at the SRS
Aadland, R.K.
2000-02-03T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this report is to provide information on the origin, extent and stability of ''soft zones'' in the carbonate bearing strata at the Savannah River Site (SRS). As part of this study, a comprehensive historical compendium of how soft zones have been addressed during the past 47 years at SRS is reviewed.
High gain photoconductive semiconductor switch having tailored doping profile zones
Baca, Albert G. (Albuquerque, NM); Loubriel, Guillermo M. (Albuquerque, NM); Mar, Alan (Albuquerque, NM); Zutavern, Fred J (Albuquerque, NM); Hjalmarson, Harold P. (Albuquerque, NM); Allerman, Andrew A. (Albuquerque, NM); Zipperian, Thomas E. (Edgewood, NM); O'Malley, Martin W. (Edgewood, NM); Helgeson, Wesley D. (Albuquerque, NM); Denison, Gary J. (Sandia Park, NM); Brown, Darwin J. (Albuquerque, NM); Sullivan, Charles T. (Albuquerque, NM); Hou, Hong Q. (Albuquerque, NM)
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A photoconductive semiconductor switch with tailored doping profile zones beneath and extending laterally from the electrical contacts to the device. The zones are of sufficient depth and lateral extent to isolate the contacts from damage caused by the high current filaments that are created in the device when it is turned on. The zones may be formed by etching depressions into the substrate, then conducting epitaxial regrowth in the depressions with material of the desired doping profile. They may be formed by surface epitaxy. They may also be formed by deep diffusion processes. The zones act to reduce the energy density at the contacts by suppressing collective impact ionization and formation of filaments near the contact and by reducing current intensity at the contact through enhanced current spreading within the zones.
Enrichment strategies and convergence properties of the XFEM for hydraulic fracture problems
Peirce, Anthony
Enrichment strategies and convergence properties of the XFEM for hydraulic fracture problems Finite Ele- ment Method (XFEM) for modeling hydraulic fractures (HF), two classes of boundary value energy, is not suitable for modeling hydraulic fractures in which the uid and the fracture fronts
Convergence of Bio Info Nano Eco: Global Public Goods and Economic Growth
Datta, Shoumen
2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z
This article is about convergence and why not. How about a ride to space in an elevator? Why not? A single nanotube could stretch from earth to the stratosphere and be able to support its own weight. This fact spurred NASA ...
Efficient basis for the Dicke Model I: theory and convergence in energy
Miguel Angel Bastarrachea-Magnani; Jorge G. Hirsch
2013-12-06T23:59:59.000Z
An extended bosonic coherent basis has been shown by Chen to provide numerically exact solutions of the finite-size Dicke model. The advantages in employing this basis, as compared with the photon number (Fock) basis, are exhibited to be valid for a large region of the Hamiltonian parameter space by analyzing the converged values of the ground state energy.
Why Don`t We See Poverty Convergence? Martin Ravallion1
Krivobokova, Tatyana
Why Don`t We See Poverty Convergence? Martin Ravallion1 Development Research Group, World Bank 1818 an adverse effect on consumption growth of high initial poverty incidence at a given initial mean. A high incidence of poverty also entails a lower subsequent rate of progress against poverty at any given growth
A globally convergent method for finding all steady-state solutions of distillation columns
Neumaier, Arnold
A globally convergent method for finding all steady-state solutions of distillation columns Ali distillation column with 7 steady-states show the robustness of the method. No published software known to the steady-state model of distillation columns as it returns the original system as a single large block
Lusaka, Zambia, during SAFARI-2000: Convergence of local and imported ozone pollution
Thompson, Anne
Lusaka, Zambia, during SAFARI-2000: Convergence of local and imported ozone pollution Anne M activities lead to intense smoke haze and ozone formation. The first ozone soundings in the heart surface ozone was over 90 ppbv and column tropospheric ozone exceeded 50 DU. These values are higher than
Convergence and divergence testing theory and applications by Integration at a point
Chelton D. Evans; William K. Pattinson
2015-03-03T23:59:59.000Z
Integration at a point is a new kind of integration derived from integration over an interval in infinitesimal and infinity domains which are spaces larger than the reals. Consider a continuous monotonic divergent function that is continually increasing. Apply the fundamental theorem of calculus. The integral is a difference of the function integrated at the end points. If one of these point integrals is much-greater-than the other in magnitude delete it by non-reversible arithmetic. We call this type of integration "convergence sums" because our primary application is a theory for the determination of convergence and divergence of sums and integrals. The theory is far-reaching. It reforms known convergence tests and arrangement theorems, and it connects integration and series switching between the different forms. By separating the finite and infinite domains, the mathematics is more naturally considered, and is a problem reduction. In this endeavour we rediscover and reform the "boundary test" which we believe to be the boundary between convergence and divergence: the boundary is represented as an infinite class of generalized p-series functions. All this is derived from extending du Bois-Reymond's theory with gossamer numbers and function comparison algebra.
Almost Optimal Convergence of the Point Vortex Method for Vortex Sheets using Numerical Filtering
Soatto, Stefano
method was used by Krasny to eliminate this spurious growth of roundoff error and accurately compute for the discretized BirkhoffRott equation with Krasny filtering and simulated roundoff error. The convergence as the effects of Krasny filtering, are precisely estimated. The technique of proof applies directly to other ill
Linden, H.R.
1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
The economically recoverable natural gas resource base continues to grow as a result of exploration and production technology advances, and improvements in gas storage and delivery. As a result, the convergence of the electric power and gas industries and the parallel development of distributed generation will benefit consumers and minimize environmental impacts cost-effectively.
Time-optimal monotonic convergent algorithms for the control of spin systems
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Time-optimal monotonic convergent algorithms for the control of spin systems M. Lapert1 , J The optimal control of quantum systems is a long-standing goal [13] which remains very attractive both from to optimize both the control duration and the laser fluence. A standard algorithm designs a control field
Mojzsis, Stephen J.
Rayleigh-Taylor instability, lithospheric dynamics, surface topography at convergent mountain belts; accepted 25 April 2013; published 24 May 2013. [1] Surface topography and associated gravity anomalies of surface topography, with negative (positive) free-air anomalies over regions of descent (ascent
Statistical properties of the convergence due to weak gravitational lensing by non-linear structures
P. Valageas
2000-05-12T23:59:59.000Z
Density fluctuations in the matter distribution lead to distortions of the images of distant galaxies through weak gravitational lensing effects. This provides an efficient probe of the cosmological parameters and of the density field. In this article, we investigate the statistical properties of the convergence due to weak gravitational lensing by non-linear structures (i.e. we consider small angular windows $\\theta \\la 1'$). Previous studies have shown how to relate the second and third order moments of the convergence to those of the density contrast while models based on the Press-Schechter prescription provide an estimate of the tail of $P(\\kappa)$. Here we present a method to obtain an estimate of the full p.d.f. of the convergence $P(\\kappa)$. It is based on a realistic description of the density field which applies to overdense as well as underdense regions. We show that our predictions agree very well with the results of N-body simulations for the convergence. This could allow one to derive the cosmological parameters $(\\Omega_m,\\Omega_{\\Lambda})$ as well as the full p.d.f. $P(\\delta_R)$ of the density contrast itself in the non-linear regime from observations. Hence this gives a very powerfull tool to constrain scenarios of structure formation.
A CONVERGENT ADAPTIVE FINITE ELEMENT METHOD FOR AN OPTIMAL DESIGN PROBLEM
Bartels, Soeren
of given geometry and unknown distribution of two materials of prescribed amounts is one model example in topology optimisation. It eventually leads to a degenerated convex minimisation problem. The numerical to refine everywhere. Its convergence proof is therefore based on energy estimates and some refined
Johnson Jr.,, Ray
Training & Technology Solutions Queens College ~ Office of Converging Technologies ~ Training & Technology Solutions 718-997-4875 ~ training@qc.cuny.edu ~ I-Bldg 214 How to Pay Your Tuition Using E be navigated to your Student Center page. John Smith 23145678 John's Student Center #12;Training & Technology
Johnson Jr.,, Ray
Training & Technology Solutions Queens College ~ Office of Converging Technologies ~ Training & Technology Solutions 718-997-4875 ~ training@qc.cuny.edu ~ I-Bldg 214 DegreeWorks 4.09 Student Manual Degree is the same account you used when applying to Queens College. #12;Training & Technology Solutions Queens
Johnson Jr.,, Ray
Training & Technology Solutions Queens College ~ Office of Converging Technologies ~ Training & Technology Solutions 718-997-4875 ~ training@qc.cuny.edu ~ I-Bldg 214 How To Navigate the Finance Section the payment history) · Pending Financial Aid #12;Training & Technology Solutions Queens College ~ Office
ON THE SELF-TUNING REGULATOR AND A PRIORI ELS CONVERGENCE.
Moore, John Barratt
control theory development following on from the self-tuning-regulator (STR) algorithms of Astran design and some subsequent "direct" adaptive control algorithms is that only the minimum varianceON THE SELF-TUNING REGULATOR AND A PRIORI ELS CONVERGENCE. John B. Moore* and Robert R. Bitmead
Convergent Decomposition Solvers for Tree-reweighted Free Energies Jeremy Jancsary Gerald Matz
Convergent Decomposition Solvers for Tree-reweighted Free Energies Jeremy Jancsary Gerald Matz of tree- reweighted free energies for the purpose of obtaining approximate marginal probabil- ities given to the method by showing that it can be understood to min- imize the so-called Bethe free energy
Division of IT Convergence Engineering Optimal Demand-Side Energy Management Under
Boutaba, Raouf
Division of IT Convergence Engineering Optimal Demand-Side Energy Management Under Real-time Demand of appliance specific adapters. Designed and implemented GHS Modeled the demand-side energy management problem (NP-hard) Designed a scheduling algorithm for demand side energy management Showed that our
Convergence of Three-term Conjugate Gradient Methods Y. H. Dai and Y. Yuan
Yuan, Ya-xiang
Convergence of Three-term Conjugate Gradient Methods Y. H. Dai and Y. Yuan State Key Laboratory@lsec.cc.ac.cn, yyx@lsec.cc.ac.cn Abstract This paper studies the three-term conjugate gradient method for unconstrained opti- mization. The method includes the classical (two-term) conjugate gradient method
Convergent evolution of behavior in an adaptive radiation of Hawaiian web-building spiders
Blackledge, Todd
Convergent evolution of behavior in an adaptive radiation of Hawaiian web-building spiders Todd A independently evolve webs with similar architectures. Tetragnatha spiders are the only nocturnal orb- weaving-occur within mesic and wet forest habitats on each of the main islands. Therefore, comparison of web
ASC Report No. 24/2013 Quasi-optimal convergence rates for
Melenk, Jens Markus
-order finite elements in Rd are H1 -stable 20/2013 Markus Faustmann, Jens Markus Melenk, Dirk Praetorius H. In the framework of h-adaptive finite element methods (AFEM) for second order el- liptic PDEs, algorithmsASC Report No. 24/2013 Quasi-optimal convergence rates for adaptive boundary element methods
CONVERGENCE ANALYSIS OF A QUADRATURE FINITE ELEMENT GALERKIN SCHEME FOR A BIHARMONIC PROBLEM
Aitbayev, Rakhim
of the quadrature problem with an orthogonal spline collocation problem. Key words: biharmonic problem, finite elements, Galerkin method, Gaussian quadrature, orthogonal spline collocation AMS subject classificationCONVERGENCE ANALYSIS OF A QUADRATURE FINITE ELEMENT GALERKIN SCHEME FOR A BIHARMONIC PROBLEM RAKHIM
Mesh independent convergence of modified inexact Newton methods for second order nonlinear problems
Kim, Taejong
2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z
of the number of unknowns for problems with higher order nonlinearities. To do this, we are required to first, set up the problem on a scale of Hilbert spaces, and second, to devise a special iterative technique which converges in a higher order Sobolev norm, i.e...
Pfeifer, Holger
Cyclical adjustment, capital-labor substitution and total factor productivity convergence East integration and massive help from the Federal Government East German productivity catching up faded out in the nineties. This paper presents panel-data estimates of the productivity adjustment based on a production
Molecular Evolutionary Convergence of the Flight Muscle Protein Arthrin in Diptera and Hemiptera
Mayhew, Peter
Molecular Evolutionary Convergence of the Flight Muscle Protein Arthrin in Diptera and Hemiptera in the Hemiptera. However, the presence of arthrin does not correlate with any observed common features of flight Drosophila melanogaster (Diptera) and Lethocerus griseus (Hemiptera) using mass spectrometry. In both species
Prefrontal involvement in the regulation of emotion: convergence of rat and human studies
Quirk, Gregory J.
experiments designed to bridge human and rodent models of emotion regulation. Addresses 1 Department of prefrontal involvement of emotion regula- tion using rat and human models, and suggest future experimentsPrefrontal involvement in the regulation of emotion: convergence of rat and human studies Gregory J
Integrating human and robot decision-making dynamics with feedback: Models and convergence analysis
Leonard, Naomi
, a well-studied decision-making task in behavioral experiments. The human subject chooses between two structures, the behavioral experiments show convergence to suboptimal choices. We propose a human- supervised and the kinds of decisions humans make in psychology experiments. We consider a class of sequential binary
Optimal convergence analysis for the eXtended Finite Element Serge Nicaise 1
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Optimal convergence analysis for the eXtended Finite Element Method Serge Nicaise 1 , Yves Renard 2Xtended Finite Element Method (Xfem), namely the Xfem with a cut-off function and the stan- dard Xfem finite element method, error estimates, stress intensity factors. 1 Introduction Inspired by the Pufem
CONVERGENCE AND STABILITY IN UPSCALING OF FLOW WITH INERTIA FROM PORESCALE TO MESOSCALE
Peszynska, Malgorzata
CONVERGENCE AND STABILITY IN UPSCALING OF FLOW WITH INERTIA FROM PORESCALE TO MESOSCALE MAl with inertia from porescale (microscale) to Darcy scale (lab scale, mesoscale). In particular, we solve Navier-Darcy model with inertia at mesoscale. 1. Introduction. In [1] we presented a proof-of-concept algorithm
Avouac, Jean-Philippe
Convergence rate across the Nepal Himalaya and interseismic coupling on the Main Himalayan Thrust the Nepal Himalaya using GPS times series from 30 stations in Nepal and southern Tibet, in addition and eastern Nepal and 20.5 Ć 1 mm/yr in western Nepal. The moment deficit due to locking of the MHT
On the rate of convergence of the Hamiltonian particle-mesh method
Oliver, Marcel
. The Hamiltonian Particle-Mesh (HPM) method is a particle-in-cell method for compressible fluid flow with Hamiltonian structure. We present a numer- ical short-time study of the rate of convergence of HPM in terms available theoretical estimates. Our results indicate that HPM performs best when the number of particles
Deficiencies in Vadose Zone Understanding at the INEEL
Wood, Thomas Ronald; Bates, Dona Louise; Bishop, Carolyn Wagoner; Heard, Robert Eugene; Hubbell, Joel Michael; Hull, Laurence Charles; Lehman, Richard Michael; Magnuson, Swen O; Mattson, Earl Douglas; Mccarthy, James Michael; Porro, Indrek; Ritter, Paul David; Roddy, Michael Scott; Singler, Robert Edward; Smith, Richard Paul
2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Subsurface contamination in the vadose zone, that portion of the subsurface pathway between land surface and an underlying aquifer, poses environmental problems at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) in eastern Idaho and across the U.S. Department of Energy complex. Assessing potential adverse impacts from these contaminated sites requires an understanding of the mechanisms controlling contaminant transport. Currently, vadose zone experts at the INEEL cannot with confidence predict the movement of water and contaminants in the complex, heterogeneous, fractured subsurface at the INEEL, especially within the vadose zone. In the draft version (Revision 1) of the Vadose Zone Deficiencies document, deficiencies in scientific understanding of flow and transport processes in the vadose zone at the INEEL were identified and grouped into 13 categories and recommendations were provided to address each of the deficiencies. The draft document provided the basis for an INEEL Vadose Zone Workshop that was conducted October 20 and 21, 1999, in Idaho Falls, Idaho. The workshop was conducted to group and rank the previously identified deficiencies and for the subsequent development of science plans to address the deficiencies that limit reliable predictions of water and contaminant movement in the subsurface. The workshop participants, comprising INEEL and scientists and project managers and non-INEEL scientists knowledgeable about the vadose zone, developed science- and technology-based recommendations derived through a series of technical sessions at the workshop. In this document, the final version of the Vadose Zone Deficiencies document, the draft document has been incorporated, largely intact, as well as the results from the workshop. The workshop participants grouped the deficiencies in vadose zone understanding at the INEEL into seven categories. These seven categories will be the focus areas of five science plans that are being developed to address the deficiencies. This document lays the foundation for the INEEL Site-wide vadose zone roadmap.
SATURATED ZONE FLOW AND TRANSPORT MODEL ABSTRACTION
B.W. ARNOLD
2004-10-27T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of the saturated zone (SZ) flow and transport model abstraction task is to provide radionuclide-transport simulation results for use in the total system performance assessment (TSPA) for license application (LA) calculations. This task includes assessment of uncertainty in parameters that pertain to both groundwater flow and radionuclide transport in the models used for this purpose. This model report documents the following: (1) The SZ transport abstraction model, which consists of a set of radionuclide breakthrough curves at the accessible environment for use in the TSPA-LA simulations of radionuclide releases into the biosphere. These radionuclide breakthrough curves contain information on radionuclide-transport times through the SZ. (2) The SZ one-dimensional (I-D) transport model, which is incorporated in the TSPA-LA model to simulate the transport, decay, and ingrowth of radionuclide decay chains in the SZ. (3) The analysis of uncertainty in groundwater-flow and radionuclide-transport input parameters for the SZ transport abstraction model and the SZ 1-D transport model. (4) The analysis of the background concentration of alpha-emitting species in the groundwater of the SZ.
Vadose zone drilling at the NTS
Efurd, D.W.
1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Yucca Mountain Project has an opportunity to evaluate possible mobilization and transport of radioactive materials away from the storage horizon in the proposed repository. One scenario by which such transport could occur involves water leaving the storage area and carrying radioactive particulates of colloidal size. The colloids could move along the gas-liquid interface in partially filled fractures within the vadose zone. It should be possible to check the reality of this proposed scenario by examining ``anthropogenic analogs`` of the repository. These are sites of nuclear tests conducted in unsaturated tuff at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). We propose to drill under one or more such sites to determine if radionuclides have moved from their original confinement in the puddle- glass at the bottom of the cavity. This document examines the characteristics of an ideal test site for such a study, suggests several possible locations that have some of the desired characteristics, and recommends one of these sites for the proposed drilling.
Characterization of Persistent Volatile Contaminant Sources in the Vadose Zone
Carroll, Kenneth C.; Truex, Michael J.; Brusseau, Mark L.; Parker, Kyle R.; Mackley, Rob D.; Rohay, Virginia J.
2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
Remediation activities over time will alter the subsurface distribution of contaminants and likely create significant changes in the source-zone architecture. A field method was demonstrated for use of data collected from multiple individual soil vapor extraction (SVE) system well tests to locate and characterize the distribution of persistent VOC sources in the vadose zone. Operational data collected at the Department of Energy’s Hanford site were used to examine source zone alteration over time due to SVE operation and to illustrate the source-zone characterization approach. Individual well test results confirmed a heterogeneous distribution of permeability and contaminant mass discharge throughout the vadose zone. The trends in mass discharge and concentration were analyzed to determine the location and extent of the primary source zone within a lower-permeability unit at the site. This information is useful to evaluate the performance of SVE operations, and support decisions concerning system alteration or closure based on risk assessments of the impact of vadose-zone sources on groundwater contamination or vapor intrusion.
Revised process for work zone decision-making based on quantitative performance measures
Hartmann, Thomas Wayne
2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
Work zones create one of the most challenging environments for drivers. Implementing work zones on urban freeways creates many issues, especially with respect to mobility. Decisions made regarding the work zone should be informed by quantitative...
Powell, Warren B.
. Multistage stochastic programming, cutting planes, sam- pling, convergence with probability one. 1 Convergent Cutting-Plane and Partial-Sampling Algorithm for Multistage Stochastic Linear Programs for multistage stochastic linear programs with recourse where random quantities in different stages
Electrically heated particulate filter with zoned exhaust flow control
Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI
2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z
A system includes a particulate matter (PM) filter that includes X zones. An electrical heater includes Y heater segments that are associated with respective ones of the X zones. The electrical heater is arranged upstream from and proximate with the PM filter. A valve assembly includes Z sections that are associated with respective ones of the X zones. A control module adjusts flow through each of the Z sections during regeneration of the PM filter via control of the valve assembly. X, Y and Z are integers.
Confined zone dispersion project. Final technical report
NONE
1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report describes the performance of the confined zone dispersion (CZD) flue gas desulfurization (FGD) system in removing sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) from flue gas in the coal-fired boiler. The CZD-FGD system, installed at Pennsylvania Electric Company`s (Penelec`s) Seward Power Station, was designed to remove 50% of the SO{sub 2} from one-half of Unit No. 5`s flue gas when the boiler is fired with 1.5% sulfur coal. Section 1 discusses the significance of CZD, the purpose of this report, the history of the project, and the role of DOE in the project, describes the project organization, and lists the six design areas involving proprietary information. Section 2 presents project location, objectives, and phases, and discusses the test program. Section 3 explains the process flow diagram, piping and instrumentation diagrams and operating controls, site plan, equipment layouts, and process equipment. Section 4 provides an integrated discussion of all the test results obtained during the test program, backed by tabulations and graphics. Section 5 describes the testing failures and corrective actions taken. Section 6, reliability/availability/maintainability analysis data of major equipment, covers the following systems: atomizing, sootblowing, lime, flue gas, and controls and instrumentation. Section 7 summarizes the capital cost requirements for the Seward CZD demonstration unit and discusses the capital and operating costs of installing the process at plants with various unit capacities. Section 8 discusses plans to continue the CZD demonstration to achieve longer term continuous operation at SO{sub 2} removals of 50%. Section 9 presents the principal findings of the CZD demonstration and recommends additional testing.
The Viability of Sustainable, Self-Propping Shear Zones in Ehanced...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Self-Propping Shear Zones in Ehanced Geothermal Systems: Measurement of Reaction Rates at Elevated Temperatures The Viability of Sustainable, Self-Propping Shear Zones in...
Mills, Andrew D
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Colorado: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/SR-Decisions in the Western Renewable Energy Zone Initiative.Finn, J. 2009. Western Renewable Energy Zones, Phase 1: QRA
Human dimensions perspectives on the impacts of coastal zone marine renewable energy
Pomeroy, Caroline; Conway, Flaxen; Hall-Arber, Madeleine
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
coastal zone marine renewable energy generation. REFERENCESOuter Continental Shelf Renewable Energy Space-Use ConflictsOF COASTAL ZONE MARINE RENEWABLE ENERGY Caroline Pomeroy,
Reaction zones and their structure in MILD combustion
Minamoto, Y.; Swaminathan, N.; Cant, R. S.; Leung, T.
2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z
¨nning & Wu¨nning, 1997; Cavaliere & de Joannon, 2004; Medwell, 2007). Thus, MILD combustor design is not constrained by the requirements of recirculation zones or flame holders, which is advantageous for high-speed combustion. Furthermore, MILD conditions...
Nitrous Oxide Production in the Gulf of Mexico Hypoxic Zone
Visser, Lindsey A.
2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
The Gulf of Mexico hypoxic zone is created by strong persistent water stratification and nutrient loading from the Mississippi River which fuels primary production and bacterial decomposition. The Texas-Louisiana shelf ...
Controls on earthquake rupture and triggering mechanisms in subduction zones
Llenos, Andrea Lesley
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Large earthquake rupture and triggering mechanisms that drive seismicity in subduction zones are investigated in this thesis using a combination of earthquake observations, statistical and physical modeling. A comparison ...
A micromechanical model for a viscoelastic cohesive zone
Searcy, Chad Randall, 1972-
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A micromechanical model for a viscoelastic cohesive aphics. zone is formulated herein. Care has been taken in the construction of a physically-based continuum mechanics model of the damaged region ahead of the crack tip. The homogenization...
A Gas-Fired Heat Pipe Zone Heater
Winn, C. B.; Burns, P.; Guire, J.
1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A gas-fired vented zone heater has recently been developed by the Altar Corporation for Colorado State University (CSU) under a Gas Research Institute (GRI) contract. The unit war developed for auxiliary heating applications in passive solar...
Oklahoma Local Development and Enterprise Zone Incentive Leverage Act (Oklahoma)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Oklahoma Local Development and Enterprise Zone Incentive Leverage Act provides funding for local units of government to match local tax revenue dedicated to support a project located in an...
Shaping urban form without zoning: a case study of houston
Qian, Zhu
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
, civic and private organizations such as super neighborhoods and homeowner associations fill the gaps left by the lack of land use zoning. These two aspects contribute to land use planning and urban form of the city. Houston presents a contradiction...
Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
A Baltimore, Maryland Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 4A Baltimore, Maryland In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view...
Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
A Chicago, Illinois Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 5A Chicago, Illinois In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the...
Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...
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B Helena, Montana Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 6B Helena, Montana In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the...
Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...
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B Boulder, Colorado Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 5B Boulder, Colorado In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the...
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1A Miami, Florida Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 1A Miami, Florida In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the...
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7 Duluth, Minnesota Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 7 Duluth, Minnesota In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the...
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B Phoenix, Arizona Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 2B Phoenix, Arizona In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the...
Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...
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B Las Vegas, Nevada Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3B Las Vegas, Nevada In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the...
Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...
B Los Angeles, California Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3B Los Angeles, California In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can...
Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...
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C San Francisco, California Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3C San Francisco, California In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can...
Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...
A Atlanta, Georgia Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3A Atlanta, Georgia In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the...
Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...
A Houston, Texas Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 2A Houston, Texas In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the...
Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
C Seattle, Washington Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 4C Seattle, Washington In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view...
A Simple Technique for Islanding Detection with Negligible Nondetection Zone
Kirtley Jr, James L.
Although active islanding detection techniques have smaller nondetection zones than passive techniques, active methods could degrade the system power quality and are not as simple and easy to implement as passive methods. ...
Hydrological and Oceanographic Considerations for Integrated Coastal Zone Management
sustainable economic development. This study aims to support environmental management at the scaleHydrological and Oceanographic Considerations for Integrated Coastal Zone Management in Southern reduce soil fertility in the uplands and nega- tively affect mangrove, seagrass, and coral reef
Mate Choice, Genetic Variation, and Population Structure in Hybrid Zones
Culumber, Zachary Wyatt
2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
informative single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in one mitochondrial and three nuclear intron loci, I show that hybrid zones occur in replicated fashion in multiple stream reaches along a gradient from high to low elevation. Tests of FIS and linkage...
Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
new2004v1.35.0.zip refbldg3ausagaatlantanew2004v1-47-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3A Atlanta, Georgia...
Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
new2004v1.35.0.zip refbldg1ausaflmiaminew2004v1-47-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 1A Miami, Florida...
Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
new2004v1.35.0.zip refbldg2ausatxhoustonnew2004v1-47-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 2A Houston, Texas...
arid zones: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
vadose zones in arid regions. 1. Bridget R. Scanlon; Scott W. Tyler; Peter J. Wierenga 1997-01-01 13 DRAINAGE EXPERIENCES IN ARID AND SEMI-ARID REGIONS EXPRIENCES DE DRAINAGE...
arid zone exploratory: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
vadose zones in arid regions. 1. Bridget R. Scanlon; Scott W. Tyler; Peter J. Wierenga 1997-01-01 14 DRAINAGE EXPERIENCES IN ARID AND SEMI-ARID REGIONS EXPRIENCES DE DRAINAGE...
Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Vegetation-Kill Zones Around The...
Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Vegetation-Kill Zones Around The Resurgent Dome Of Long Valley...
A Gas-Fired Heat Pipe Zone Heater
Winn, C. B.; Burns, P.; Guire, J.
1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A gas-fired vented zone heater has recently been developed by the Altar Corporation for Colorado State University (CSU) under a Gas Research Institute (GRI) contract. The unit war developed for auxiliary heating applications in passive solar...
Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
B Albuquerque, New Mexico Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 4B Albuquerque, New Mexico In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can...
Development of Hydrologic Characterization Technology of Fault Zones
Karasaki, Kenzi; Onishi, Tiemi; Wu, Yu-Shu
2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z
Through an extensive literature survey we find that there is very limited amount of work on fault zone hydrology, particularly in the field using borehole testing. The common elements of a fault include a core, and damage zones. The core usually acts as a barrier to the flow across it, whereas the damage zone controls the flow either parallel to the strike or dip of a fault. In most of cases the damage zone isthe one that is controlling the flow in the fault zone and the surroundings. The permeability of damage zone is in the range of two to three orders of magnitude higher than the protolith. The fault core can have permeability up to seven orders of magnitude lower than the damage zone. The fault types (normal, reverse, and strike-slip) by themselves do not appear to be a clear classifier of the hydrology of fault zones. However, there still remains a possibility that other additional geologic attributes and scaling relationships can be used to predict or bracket the range of hydrologic behavior of fault zones. AMT (Audio frequency Magneto Telluric) and seismic reflection techniques are often used to locate faults. Geochemical signatures and temperature distributions are often used to identify flow domains and/or directions. ALSM (Airborne Laser Swath Mapping) or LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) method may prove to be a powerful tool for identifying lineaments in place of the traditional photogrammetry. Nonetheless not much work has been done to characterize the hydrologic properties of faults by directly testing them using pump tests. There are some uncertainties involved in analyzing pressure transients of pump tests: both low permeability and high permeability faults exhibit similar pressure responses. A physically based conceptual and numerical model is presented for simulating fluid and heat flow and solute transport through fractured fault zones using a multiple-continuum medium approach. Data from the Horonobe URL site are analyzed to demonstrate the proposed approach and to examine the flow direction and magnitude on both sides of a suspected fault. We describe a strategy for effective characterization of fault zone hydrology. We recommend conducting a long term pump test followed by a long term buildup test. We do not recommend isolating the borehole into too many intervals. We do recommend ensuring durability and redundancy for long term monitoring.
A convergence study for SPDEs using combined Polynomial Chaos and Dynamically-Orthogonal schemes
Choi, Minseok [Division of Applied Mathematics, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912 (United States)] [Division of Applied Mathematics, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912 (United States); Sapsis, Themistoklis P. [Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, NY 10012 (United States)] [Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, NY 10012 (United States); Karniadakis, George Em, E-mail: george_karniadakis@brown.edu [Division of Applied Mathematics, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912 (United States)
2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study the convergence properties of the recently developed Dynamically Orthogonal (DO) field equations [1] in comparison with the Polynomial Chaos (PC) method. To this end, we consider a series of one-dimensional prototype SPDEs, whose solution can be expressed analytically, and which are associated with both linear (advection equation) and nonlinear (Burgers equation) problems with excitations that lead to unimodal and strongly bi-modal distributions. We also propose a hybrid approach to tackle the singular limit of the DO equations for the case of deterministic initial conditions. The results reveal that the DO method converges exponentially fast with respect to the number of modes (for the problems considered) giving same levels of computational accuracy comparable with the PC method but (in many cases) with substantially smaller computational cost compared to stochastic collocation, especially when the involved parametric space is high-dimensional.
Jian Jinbao, E-mail: jianjb@gxu.edu.cn; Li Jianling; Mo Xingde [College of Mathematics and Information Science, Guangxi University, Nanning, Guangxi 530004 (China)
2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
This paper discusses a kind of optimization problem with linear complementarity constraints, and presents a sequential quadratic programming (SQP) algorithm for solving a stationary point of the problem. The algorithm is a modification of the SQP algorithm proposed by Fukushima et al. [Computational Optimization and Applications, 10 (1998),5-34], and is based on a reformulation of complementarity condition as a system of linear equations. At each iteration, one quadratic programming and one system of equations needs to be solved, and a curve search is used to yield the step size. Under some appropriate assumptions, including the lower-level strict complementarity, but without the upper-level strict complementarity for the inequality constraints, the algorithm is proved to possess strong convergence and superlinear convergence. Some preliminary numerical results are reported.
Possible solar cycle variations in the convection zone
Sarbani Basu; H. M. Antia
2000-01-26T23:59:59.000Z
Using data from the Global Oscillations Network Group (GONG) that covers the period from 1995 to 1998 we study the change in frequencies of solar oscillations with solar activity. From these frequencies we attempt to determine any possible variation in solar structure with solar activity. We do not find any evidence of a change in the convection zone depth or extent of overshoot below the convection zone during the solar cycle.
Two experiments for measuring specific viscoelastic cohesive zone parameters
Williams, Justin Joel
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
CHAPTER III ESEM EXPERIMENTS The second experiment was designed to perform the same kind of test as the first, but be conducted inside an Environmental Scanning Electron Microscope (ESEM) and produces images of much smaller cohesive zones and fibrils... experiments, only on a much smaller scale. Some materials have cohesive zones small enough to require the use of electron microscopy. Unfortunately, samples are preparation intensive for S E M tests. For this thesis it was decided to use the Environmental...
Mechanical properties and fabric of the Punchbowl fault zone, California
Chester, Frederick Michael
1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
MECHANICAL PROPERIIES AND FABRIC OF THE PUiVCHBOlv'L FAULT ZONE, CALIFORNIA A Thesis by FREDERICK MICHAEL CHESTER Subm-', tted to the Graduate College of Texas ABM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1983 Major Subject: Geology MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND FABRIC OF THE PUNCHBOWL FAULT ZONE, CALIFORNIA A Thesis by FREDERICK MICHAEL CHESTER Approved as to sty1e and content by: on . . an airman o ommittee) Me1vin edman...
Varying heating in dawsonite zones in hydrocarbon containing formations
Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX); Xie, Xueying (Houston, TX); Miller, David Scott (Katy, TX)
2009-07-07T23:59:59.000Z
A method for treating an oil shale formation comprising dawsonite includes assessing a dawsonite composition of one or more zones in the formation. Heat from one or more heaters is provided to the formation such that different amounts of heat are provided to zones with different dawsonite compositions. The provided heat is allowed to transfer from the heaters to the formation. Fluids are produced from the formation.
Method for processing seismic data to identify anomalous absorption zones
Taner, M. Turhan
2006-01-03T23:59:59.000Z
A method is disclosed for identifying zones anomalously absorptive of seismic energy. The method includes jointly time-frequency decomposing seismic traces, low frequency bandpass filtering the decomposed traces to determine a general trend of mean frequency and bandwidth of the seismic traces, and high frequency bandpass filtering the decomposed traces to determine local variations in the mean frequency and bandwidth of the seismic traces. Anomalous zones are determined where there is difference between the general trend and the local variations.
Saturated Zone In-Situ Testing
P. W. Reimus; M. J. Umari
2003-12-23T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this scientific analysis is to document the results and interpretations of field experiments that have been conducted to test and validate conceptual flow and radionuclide transport models in the saturated zone (SZ) near Yucca Mountain. The test interpretations provide estimates of flow and transport parameters that are used in the development of parameter distributions for Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) calculations. These parameter distributions are documented in the revisions to the SZ flow model report (BSC 2003 [ 162649]), the SZ transport model report (BSC 2003 [ 162419]), the SZ colloid transport report (BSC 2003 [162729]), and the SZ transport model abstraction report (BSC 2003 [1648701]). Specifically, this scientific analysis report provides the following information that contributes to the assessment of the capability of the SZ to serve as a barrier for waste isolation for the Yucca Mountain repository system: (1) The bases for selection of conceptual flow and transport models in the saturated volcanics and the saturated alluvium located near Yucca Mountain. (2) Results and interpretations of hydraulic and tracer tests conducted in saturated fractured volcanics at the C-wells complex near Yucca Mountain. The test interpretations include estimates of hydraulic conductivities, anisotropy in hydraulic conductivity, storativities, total porosities, effective porosities, longitudinal dispersivities, matrix diffusion mass transfer coefficients, matrix diffusion coefficients, fracture apertures, and colloid transport parameters. (3) Results and interpretations of hydraulic and tracer tests conducted in saturated alluvium at the Alluvium Testing Complex (ATC), which is located at the southwestern corner of the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The test interpretations include estimates of hydraulic conductivities, storativities, total porosities, effective porosities, longitudinal dispersivities, matrix diffusion mass transfer coefficients, and colloid transport parameters. (4) Comparisons of sorption parameter estimates for a reactive solute tracer (lithium ion) derived from both the C-wells field tracer tests and laboratory tests using C-wells core samples. (5) Sorption parameter estimates for lithium ion derived from laboratory tests using alluvium samples from NC-EWDP-19D1 (one of the wells at the ATC) so that a comparison of laboratory- and field-derived sorption parameters can be made in saturated alluvium if cross-hole tracer tests are conducted at the ATC.
Steiman-Cameron, Thomas Y.; Durisen, Richard H.; Michael, Scott; McConnell, Caitlin R. [Astronomy Department, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405 (United States); Boley, Aaron C., E-mail: tomsc@astro.indiana.edu, E-mail: durisen@astro.indiana.edu, E-mail: scamicha@astro.indiana.edu, E-mail: carmccon@indiana.edu, E-mail: aaron.boley@gmail.com [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States)
2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z
We conduct a convergence study of a protoplanetary disk subject to gravitational instabilities (GIs) at a time of approximate balance between heating produced by the GIs and radiative cooling governed by realistic dust opacities. We examine cooling times, characterize GI-driven spiral waves and their resultant gravitational torques, and evaluate how accurately mass transport can be represented by an {alpha}-disk formulation. Four simulations, identical except for azimuthal resolution, are conducted with a grid-based three-dimensional hydrodynamics code. There are two regions in which behaviors differ as resolution increases. The inner region, which contains 75% of the disk mass and is optically thick, has long cooling times and is well converged in terms of various measures of structure and mass transport for the three highest resolutions. The longest cooling times coincide with radii where the Toomre Q has its minimum value. Torques are dominated in this region by two- and three-armed spirals. The effective {alpha} arising from gravitational stresses is typically a few Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -3} and is only roughly consistent with local balance of heating and cooling when time-averaged over many dynamic times and a wide range of radii. On the other hand, the outer disk region, which is mostly optically thin, has relatively short cooling times and does not show convergence as resolution increases. Treatment of unstable disks with optical depths near unity with realistic radiative transport is a difficult numerical problem requiring further study. We discuss possible implications of our results for numerical convergence of fragmentation criteria in disk simulations.
Convergent method of and apparatus for distributed control of robotic systems using fuzzy logic
Feddema, John T. (Albuquerque, NM); Driessen, Brian J. (Albuquerque, NM); Kwok, Kwan S. (Albuquerque, NM)
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A decentralized fuzzy logic control system for one vehicle or for multiple robotic vehicles provides a way to control each vehicle to converge on a goal without collisions between vehicles or collisions with other obstacles, in the presence of noisy input measurements and a limited amount of compute-power and memory on board each robotic vehicle. The fuzzy controller demonstrates improved robustness to noise relative to an exact controller.
Chaotic wave functions and exponential convergence of low-lying energy eigenvalues
Mihai Horoi; Alexander Volya; Vladimir Zelevinsky
1998-06-04T23:59:59.000Z
We suggest that low-lying eigenvalues of realistic quantum many-body hamiltonians, given, as in the nuclear shell model, by large matrices, can be calculated, instead of the full diagonalization, by the diagonalization of small truncated matrices with the exponential extrapolation of the results. We show numerical data confirming this conjecture. We argue that the exponential convergence in an appropriate basis may be a generic feature of complicated ("chaotic") systems where the wave functions are localized in this basis.
Fenner, Marsha W; Kunin, Victor; Raes, Jeroen; Harris, J. Kirk; Spear, John R.; Walker, Jeffrey J.; Ivanova, Natalia; Mering, Christian von; Bebout, Brad M.; Pace, Norman R.; Bork, Peer; Hugenholtz, Philip
2008-04-30T23:59:59.000Z
To investigate the extent of genetic stratification in structured microbial communities, we compared the metagenomes of 10 successive layers of a phylogenetically complex hypersaline mat from Guerrero Negro, Mexico. We found pronounced millimeter-scale genetic gradients that are consistent with the physicochemical profile of the mat. Despite these gradients, all layers displayed near identical and acid-shifted isoelectric point profiles due to a molecular convergence of amino acid usage indicating that hypersalinity enforces an overriding selective pressure on the mat community.
Bauer, T. H.; Wigeland, R. A.
1999-12-08T23:59:59.000Z
Fundamental physics issues facing development of fusion power on a small-scale are assessed with emphasis on the idea of Inertial Electrostatic Confinement (IEC). The authors propose a new concept of accelerator-driven IEC fusion, termed Converging Beam Inertial Electrostatic Confinement (CB-IEC). CB-IEC offers a number of innovative features that make it an attractive pathway toward resolving fundamental physics issues and assessing the ultimate viability of the IEC concept for power generation.
Algebras with convergent star products and their representations in Hilbert spaces
Soloviev, M. A. [I. E. Tamm Department of Theoretical Physics, P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Leninsky prospect 53, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)] [I. E. Tamm Department of Theoretical Physics, P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Leninsky prospect 53, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)
2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study star product algebras of analytic functions for which the power series defining the products converge absolutely. Such algebras arise naturally in deformation quantization theory and in noncommutative quantum field theory. We consider different star products in a unifying way and present results on the structure and basic properties of these algebras, which are useful for applications. Special attention is given to the Hilbert space representation of the algebras and to the exact description of their corresponding operator algebras.
Moore, Vernon Michael
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
with depth in various crustal provinces based on P-wave velocity data. 53 11 Geotherms for continental lithosphere with a 30. 5 km thick crust. . . 12 Net buoyant mass within the lithosphere for various geotherms. . . . . 56 13 Net buoyant mass... continental margins are not the cause of delamination and wedge development because both margins are likely to be irregular. Instead, the over-riding plate is proposed to thicken during convergence, thus reducing the geotherm and increasing and deepening...
Convergence and adiabatic elimination for a driven dissipative quantum harmonic oscillator
Rémi Azouit; Alain Sarlette; Pierre Rouchon
2015-03-21T23:59:59.000Z
We prove that a harmonic oscillator driven by Lindblad dynamics where the typical drive and loss channels are two-photon processes instead of single-photon ones, converges to a protected subspace spanned by two coherent states of opposite amplitude. We then characterize the slow dynamics induced by a perturbative single-photon loss on this protected subspace, by performing adiabatic elimination in the Lindbladian dynamics.
First high-convergence cryogenic implosion in a near-vacuum hohlraum
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Berzak Hopkins, L.? F. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Meezan, N.? B. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Le Pape, S. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Divol, L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Mackinnon, A.? J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Ho, D.? D. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Hohenberger, M. [Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States); Jones, O.? S. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Kyrala, G. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Milovich, J.? L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Pak, A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Ralph, J.? E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Ross, J.? S. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Benedetti, L.? R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Biener, J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Bionta, R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Bond, E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Bradley, D. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Caggiano, J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Callahan, D. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Cerjan, C. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Church, J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Clark, D. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Döppner, T. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Dylla-Spears, R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Eckart, M. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Edgell, D. [Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States); Field, J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Fittinghoff, D.? N. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Gatu Johnson, M. [MIT (Massachusetts Inst. of Technology), Cambridge, MA (United States); Grim, G. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Guler, N. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Haan, S. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Hamza, A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Hartouni, E.? P. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Hatarik, R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Herrmann, H.? W. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Hinkel, D. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Hoover, D. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); Huang, H. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); Izumi, N. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Khan, S. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Kozioziemski, B. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Kroll, J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Ma, T. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); MacPhee, A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); McNaney, J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Merrill, F. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Moody, J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Nikroo, A. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Recent experiments on the National Ignition Facility [M. J. Edwards et al., Phys. Plasmas 20, 070501 (2013)] demonstrate that utilizing a near-vacuum hohlraum (low pressure gas-filled) is a viable option for high convergence cryogenic deuterium-tritium (DT) layered capsule implosions. This is made possible by using a dense ablator (high-density carbon), which shortens the drive duration needed to achieve high convergence: a measured 40% higher hohlraum efficiency than typical gas-filled hohlraums, which requires less laser energy going into the hohlraum, and an observed better symmetry control than anticipated by standard hydrodynamics simulations. The first series of near-vacuum hohlraum experiments culminated in a 6.8 ns, 1.2 MJ laser pulse driving a 2-shock, high adiabat (? ~ 3.5) cryogenic DT layered high density carbon capsule. This resulted in one of the best performances so far on the NIF relative to laser energy, with a measured primary neutron yield of 1.8 X 10ą? neutrons, with 20% calculated alpha heating at convergence ~27X.
Converged accelerated finite difference scheme for the multigroup neutron diffusion equation
Terranova, N.; Mostacci, D. [DIENCA - Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica Nucleare e del Controllo Ambientale, Universita Alma Mater Studiorum, Bologna (Italy); Ganapol, B. D. [Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Arizona, Tucson AZ (United States)
2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Computer codes involving neutron transport theory for nuclear engineering applications always require verification to assess improvement. Generally, analytical and semi-analytical benchmarks are desirable, since they are capable of high precision solutions to provide accurate standards of comparison. However, these benchmarks often involve relatively simple problems, usually assuming a certain degree of abstract modeling. In the present work, we show how semi-analytical equivalent benchmarks can be numerically generated using convergence acceleration. Specifically, we investigate the error behavior of a 1D spatial finite difference scheme for the multigroup (MG) steady-state neutron diffusion equation in plane geometry. Since solutions depending on subsequent discretization can be envisioned as terms of an infinite sequence converging to the true solution, extrapolation methods can accelerate an iterative process to obtain the limit before numerical instability sets in. The obtained results have been compared to the analytical solution to the 1D multigroup diffusion equation when available, using FORTRAN as the computational language. Finally, a slowing down problem has been solved using a cascading source update, showing how a finite difference scheme performs for ultra-fine groups (104 groups) in a reasonable computational time using convergence acceleration. (authors)
First high-convergence cryogenic implosion in a near-vacuum hohlraum
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Berzak Hopkins, L.? F.; Meezan, N.? B.; Le Pape, S.; Divol, L.; Mackinnon, A.? J.; Ho, D.? D.; Hohenberger, M.; Jones, O.? S.; Kyrala, G.; Milovich, J.? L.; et al
2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Recent experiments on the National Ignition Facility [M. J. Edwards et al., Phys. Plasmas 20, 070501 (2013)] demonstrate that utilizing a near-vacuum hohlraum (low pressure gas-filled) is a viable option for high convergence cryogenic deuterium-tritium (DT) layered capsule implosions. This is made possible by using a dense ablator (high-density carbon), which shortens the drive duration needed to achieve high convergence: a measured 40% higher hohlraum efficiency than typical gas-filled hohlraums, which requires less laser energy going into the hohlraum, and an observed better symmetry control than anticipated by standard hydrodynamics simulations. The first series of near-vacuum hohlraum experiments culminated inmore »a 6.8 ns, 1.2 MJ laser pulse driving a 2-shock, high adiabat (? ~ 3.5) cryogenic DT layered high density carbon capsule. This resulted in one of the best performances so far on the NIF relative to laser energy, with a measured primary neutron yield of 1.8 X 10ą? neutrons, with 20% calculated alpha heating at convergence ~27X.« less
The ignition of carbon detonations via converging shock waves in white dwarfs
Shen, Ken J. [Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Astrophysics Center, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Bildsten, Lars, E-mail: kenshen@astro.berkeley.edu, E-mail: bildsten@kitp.ucsb.edu [Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics and Department of Physics, Kohn Hall, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States)
2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z
The progenitor channel responsible for the majority of Type Ia supernovae is still uncertain. One emergent scenario involves the detonation of a He-rich layer surrounding a C/O white dwarf, which sends a shock wave into the core. The quasi-spherical shock wave converges and strengthens at an off-center location, forming a second, C-burning, detonation that disrupts the whole star. In this paper, we examine this second detonation of the double detonation scenario using a combination of analytic and numeric techniques. We perform a spatially resolved study of the imploding shock wave and outgoing detonation and calculate the critical imploding shock strengths needed to achieve a core C detonation. We find that He detonations in recent two-dimensional simulations yield converging shock waves that are strong enough to ignite C detonations in high-mass C/O cores, with the caveat that a truly robust answer requires multi-dimensional detonation initiation calculations. We also find that convergence-driven detonations in low-mass C/O cores and in O/Ne cores are harder to achieve and are perhaps unrealized in standard binary evolution.
Convergence of Weighted Min-Sum Decoding Via Dynamic Programming on Trees
Jian, Yung-Yih
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Applying the max-product (and belief-propagation) algorithms to loopy graphs is now quite popular for best assignment problems. This is largely due to their low computational complexity and impressive performance in practice. Still, there is no general understanding of the conditions required for convergence and/or the optimality of converged solutions. This paper presents an analysis of both attenuated max-product (AMP) decoding and weighted min-sum (WMS) decoding for LDPC codes which guarantees convergence to a fixed point when a weight parameter, {\\beta}, is sufficiently small. It also shows that, if the fixed point satisfies some consistency conditions, then it must be both the linear-programming (LP) and maximum-likelihood (ML) solution. For (dv,dc)-regular LDPC codes, the weight must satisfy {\\beta}(dv-1) \\leq 1 whereas the results proposed by Frey and Koetter require instead that {\\beta}(dv-1)(dc-1) 1 is also given. Finally, connections are explored with recent work by Arora et al. on the threshold of...
McNear, Veronica Ann
2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z
. By using these images along with average lightning, rainfall, and reflectivity for a large Houston-centered domain, it was possible to discern a correlation between low-level convergence and convection. Also, past findings of enhancement in lightning...
Cramton, Peter C.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper compares market designs intended to solve the resource adequacy (RA) problem, and finds that, in spite of rivalrous claims, the most advanced designs have nearly converged. The original dichotomy between approaches ...
Bailey, Elizabeth A
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Rapid India-Asia convergence has led to a major continental collision and formation of the Himalayas, the highest mountain range on Earth. Knowledge of the paleolatitude of the Kohistan-Ladakh Arc (KLA), an intermediate ...
PĂ©rez-Cruz, Fernando
i # R d and y i # {Â±1}, and a transformation to a feature space #(Â·) # H. The SVC minimizes: L P (w, b) = 1 2 #w# 2 + C n # i=1 L(u i ) with respect to w and b, where u i = 1 - y i (# T (x i )w + b: L # P (w, b) = 1 2 #w# 2 + C n # i=1 # #L(u k i ) + dL(u) du # # # # # u k i [u i - u k i
A regenerative multiple zone model for HCCI combustion
Hamosfakidis, Vasileios; Im, Hong G.; Assanis, Dennis N. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)
2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
A new conserved scalar approach, the so-called regenerative multiple zone (RMZ) model, is introduced to simulate combustion in homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engines with significant products of combustion. In this approach, two conserved scalars are introduced, the mixture fraction Z and the initial exhaust gas fraction J, to determine uniquely the state of the reactive system as a function of the two conserved scalars and time. For the numerical solution of the HCCI combustion, the conserved scalar plane is divided into different zones, which represent homogeneous reactors with constant initial exhaust gas level. Particularly, the zones are created based on the distribution of the initial exhaust gases and are mixed and regenerated at every time step during combustion in order to account for the history effects which are due to the finite rate chemistry. A proper methodology to create and initialize the new zones during the combustion, the so-called zone creation strategy (ZCS), is also proposed. For validation, the RMZ model is implemented in the 2DRD code, which is a computational fluid dynamics code that solves the governing equations for a two-dimensional reaction-diffusion problem. Initially, the consistency of the new model is validated in a one-dimensional reaction-diffusion (RD) case. Subsequently, the necessity for a proper zone creation strategy is demonstrated by a two-dimensional RD case. Next, a parametric study is performed to investigate the sensitivity of the new model on the maximum number of zones that is used. Finally, the limitations as well as the advantages of the RMZ model are discussed. (author)
DYES AS TRACERS FOR VADOSE ZONE HYDROLOGY Markus Flury and Nu Nu Wai
Flury, Markus
in the subsurface. Groundwater contamination often originates in the va- dose zone. Agrochemicals applied
Nanofocusing of soft X-ray laser pulses with Fresnel zone plate and its applications
x Nanofocusing of soft X-ray laser pulses with Fresnel zone plate and its applications 699220056 #12;#12;i keep the faith #12;ii 200 0.16 (Fresnel zone plate) X 100.3 ................................................ 37 40 #12;1 1.1 NA X X (Fresnel zone plate) X (Fresnel zone plate) X #12;2 1
Diffraction theory for azimuthally structured Fresnel zone plate Thordis Vierke and Jurgen Jahns
Jahns, Jürgen
Diffraction theory for azimuthally structured Fresnel zone plate Thordis Vierke and J¨urgen Jahns on the classical Fresnel zone plate (FZP) [1]. A simple FZP consists of alternating opaque and transparent rings Fresnel zone plate but to add bridges that hold the zones in place [4], see Fig. 1 right. We refer
Idaho National Laboratory Vadose Zone Research Park Geohydrological Monitoring Results
Kristine Baker
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Vadose zone lithology, hydrological characterization of interbed sediments, and hydrological data from subsurface monitoring of Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center wastewater infiltration are presented. Three-dimensional subsurface lithology of the vadose zone beneath the Vadose Zone Research Park is represented in a 2 dimensional (2 D) diagram showing interpolated lithology between monitoring wells. Laboratory-measured values for saturated hydraulic conductivity and porosity are given for three major interbeds, denoted as the B BC interbed (20 to 35 m bls), the C D interbed (40 to 45 m bls), and the DE 1 2 interbed (55 to 65 m bls), along with an overall physical description of the sediments and geologic depositional environments. Pre-operational pore water pressure conditions are presented to show the presence and location of perched water zones before pond discharge at the New Percolation Ponds. Subsurface infiltration conditions during initial high-volume discharge are presented to show water arrival times and arrival sequences. Steady-state conditions are then presented to show formation and locations of perched water zones and recharge sources after several months of discharge to the New Percolation Ponds.
Reflection and Exclusion of Shear Zones in Inhomogeneous Granular Materials
Tamas Borzsonyi; Tamas Unger; Balazs Szabo; Sandra Wegner; Frank Angenstein; Ralf Stannarius
2011-08-17T23:59:59.000Z
Shear localization in granular materials is studied experimentally and numerically. The system consists of two material layers with different effective frictions. The presence of the material interface leads to a special type of "total internal reflection" of the shear zone. In a wide range of configurations the reflection is characterized by a fixed angle which is analogous to the critical angle of refraction in optics. The zone leaves and reenters the high friction region at this critical angle and in between it stays near the interface in the low friction region. The formalism describing the geometry of the shear zones and that of refracted and reflected light beams is very similar. For the internal visualization of shear localization two independent experimental techniques were used (i) excavation and (ii) Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
Vadose Zone Transport Field Study: FY 2002 Status Report
Ward, Anderson L.; Gee, Glendon W.; Zhang, Z. F.; Keller, Jason M.
2003-01-02T23:59:59.000Z
This work reported here is part of the U. S. Department of Energy’s Science and Technology Initiative to develop improved conceptual models of flow and transport in the vadose zone, particularly for the Hanford Site, Washington. The National Academy of Sciences has identified significant knowledge gaps in conceptual model development as one reason for discovery of subsurface contamination in unexpected places. Inadequate conceptualizations limits, not only the understanding of long-term fate and transport, but also the selection and design of remediation technologies. Current conceptual models are limited partly because they do not account for the random heterogeneity that occurs under the extremes of very nonlinear flow behavior typical of the Hanford vadose zone. A major improvement in conceptual modeling of the Hanford vadose zone includes a better understanding and description of soil anisotropy, a property that appears to control much of the subsurface flow and transport in layered sediments at the Hanford Site.
CONVERGENT FLOWS AND LOW-VELOCITY SHOCKS IN DR21(OH)
Csengeri, T. [Max Planck Institute for Radioastronomy, Auf dem Huegel 69, 53121 Bonn (Germany); Bontemps, S. [OASU/LAB-UMR5804, CNRS, Universite Bordeaux 1, 33270 Floirac (France); Schneider, N.; Motte, F. [Laboratoire AIM Paris Saclay, CEA-INSU/CNRS-Universite Paris Diderot, IRFU/SAp CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Gueth, F. [IRAM, 300 rue de la piscine, 38406, Saint Martin d'Heres (France); Hora, J. L., E-mail: ctimea@mpifr-bonn.mpg.de [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, MS-65, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)
2011-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
DR21(OH) is a pc-scale massive, {approx}7000 M{sub sun} clump hosting three massive dense cores (MDCs) at an early stage of their evolution. We present a high angular resolution mosaic, covering {approx}70'' x 100'', with the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer at 3 mm to trace the dust continuum emission and the N{sub 2}H{sup +} (J = 1-0) and CH{sub 3}CN (J = 5-4) molecular emission. The cold, dense gas traced by the compact emission in N{sub 2}H{sup +} is associated with the three MDCs and shows several velocity components toward each MDC. These velocity components reveal local shears in the velocity fields which are best interpreted as convergent flows. Moreover, we report the detection of weak extended emission from CH{sub 3}CN at the position of the N{sub 2}H{sup +} velocity shears. We propose that this extended CH{sub 3}CN emission is tracing warm gas associated with the low-velocity shocks expected at the location of convergence of the flows where velocity shears are observed. This is the first detection of low-velocity shocks associated with small (subparsec) scale convergent flows which are proposed to be at the origin of the densest structures and of the formation of (high-mass) stars. In addition, we propose that MDCs may be active sites of star formation for more than a crossing time as they continuously receive material from larger scale flows as suggested by the global picture of dynamical, gravity-driven evolution of massive clumps which is favored by the present observations.
Application of convergence acceleration to the reactor kinetic equations: A comparative study
Picca, P.; Furfaro, R. [Department of Systems and Industrial Engineering, University of Arizona, P.O. Box 210020, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Ganapol, B. D. [Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Arizona, P.O. Box 210119, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)
2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
This presentation provides a comparison of two methodologies for the solution of reactor kinetic equations, namely for a standard finite difference and a semi-analytical approach. The above-mentioned methods are implemented in a convergence acceleration framework to enhance their efficiency and a comparative study is reported to verify whether it is more convenient to use a rudimentary but fast algorithm (finite difference) with respect to the more refined but computationally intense approach of the semi-analytical method. Performance on several test cases from the literature are compared. (authors)
A focusable, convergent fast-electron beam from ultra-high-intensity laser-solid interactions
Scott, R H H
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A novel scheme for the creation of a convergent, or focussing, fast-electron beam generated from ultra-high-intensity laser-solid interactions is described. Self-consistent particle-in-cell simulations are used to demonstrate the efficacy of this scheme in two dimensions. It is shown that a beam of fast-electrons of energy 500 keV - 3 MeV propagates within a solid-density plasma, focussing at depth. The depth of focus of the fast-electron beam is controlled via the target dimensions and focussing optics.
Time-optimal monotonic convergent algorithms for the control of quantum systems
M. Lapert; J. Salomon; D. Sugny
2012-03-11T23:59:59.000Z
We present a new formulation of monotonically convergent algorithms which allows to optimize both the control duration and the field fluence. A standard algorithm designs a control field of fixed duration which both brings the system close to the target state and minimizes its fluence, whereas here we include in addition the optimization of the duration in the cost functional. We apply this new algorithm to the control of spin systems in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. We show how to implement CNOT gates in systems of two and four coupled spins.
Convergence analysis of the B\\"ol-Reese discrete model for rubber
Alicandro, Roberto; Gloria, Antoine
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In a recent work, B\\"ol and Reese have introduced a discrete model for polymer networks by means of a finite element modeling. They have also provided a comparison with real experiments. A key parameter of their model is the size h of the finite element mesh, that is meant to be small in practice. The aim of the present work is to study the asymptotic behaviour (and the convergence of the finite element method) when the meshsize goes to zero. In particular, we address the properties satisfied by the model at the limit, depending on the properties of the mesh.
Convergence analysis of the Böl-Reese discrete model for rubber
Roberto Alicandro; Marco Cicalese; Antoine Gloria
2007-08-13T23:59:59.000Z
In a recent work, B\\"ol and Reese have introduced a discrete model for polymer networks by means of a finite element modeling. They have also provided a comparison with real experiments. A key parameter of their model is the size h of the finite element mesh, that is meant to be small in practice. The aim of the present work is to study the asymptotic behaviour (and the convergence of the finite element method) when the meshsize goes to zero. In particular, we address the properties satisfied by the model at the limit, depending on the properties of the mesh.
Harmonic Crystals in the Half-Space, I. Convergence to Equilibrium
T. V. Dudnikova
2009-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the dynamics of a harmonic crystal in the half-space with zero boundary condition. It is assumed that the initial date is a random function with zero mean, finite mean energy density which also satisfies a mixing condition of Rosenblatt or Ibragimov type. We study the distribution $\\mu_t$ of the solution at time $t\\in\\R$. The main result is the convergence of $\\mu_t$ to a Gaussian measure as $t\\to\\infty$ which is time stationary with a covariance inherited from the initial (in general, non-Gaussian) measure.
Interactive display system having a scaled virtual target zone
Veligdan, James T.; DeSanto, Leonard
2006-06-13T23:59:59.000Z
A display system includes a waveguide optical panel having an inlet face and an opposite outlet face. A projector and imaging device cooperate with the panel for projecting a video image thereon. An optical detector bridges at least a portion of the waveguides for detecting a location on the outlet face within a target zone of an inbound light spot. A controller is operatively coupled to the imaging device and detector for displaying a cursor on the outlet face corresponding with the detected location of the spot within the target zone.
Shaping state and time-dependent convergence rates in non-linear control and observer design
Winfried Lohmiller; Jean-Jacques E. Slotine
2010-04-17T23:59:59.000Z
This paper derives for non-linear, time-varying and feedback linearizable systems simple controller designs to achieve specified state-and timedependent complex convergence rates. This approach can be regarded as a general gain-scheduling technique with global exponential stability guarantee. Typical applications include the transonic control of an aircraft with strongly Mach or time-dependent eigenvalues or the state-dependent complex eigenvalue placement of the inverted pendulum. As a generalization of the LTI Luenberger observer a dual observer design technique is derived for a broad set of non-linear and time-varying systems, where so far straightforward observer techniques were not known. The resulting observer design is illustrated for non-linear chemical plants, the Van-der-Pol oscillator, the discrete logarithmic map series prediction and the lighthouse navigation problem. These results [23] allow one to shape globally the state- and time-dependent convergence behaviour ideally suited to the non-linear or time-varying system. The technique can also be used to provide analytic robustness guarantees against modelling uncertainties. The derivations are based on non-linear contraction theory [18], a comparatively recent dynamic system analysis tool whose results will be reviewed and extended.
Gong, Munan
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate prestellar core formation and accretion based on three-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations. Our simulations represent local $\\sim 1$pc regions within giant molecular clouds where a supersonic turbulent flow converges, triggering star formation in the post-shock layer. We include turbulence and self-gravity, applying sink particle techniques, and explore a range of inflow Mach number ${\\cal M}=2-16$. Two sets of cores are identified and compared: $t_1$-cores are identified of a time snapshot in each simulation, representing dense structures in a single cloud map; $t_\\mathrm{coll}$-cores are identified at their individual time of collapse, representing the initial mass reservoir for accretion. We find that cores and filaments form and evolve at the same time. At the stage of core collapse, there is a well-defined, converged characteristic mass for isothermal fragmentation that is comparable to the critical Bonner-Ebert mass at the post-shock pressure. The core mass functions (CMFs) of $t_\\mathrm...
An effective dimensional inspection method based on zone fitting
Pendse, Nachiket Vishwas
2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z
transformation that places the set of points in the zone is modeled as a nonlinear optimization problem. The algorithm is employed to find the form tolerance of 2-D (line, circle) as well as 3-D geometries (cylinder). It is also used to propose an inspection...
NOAAINMFS Developments NOAA Raises Coastal Zone Management Status
attention on the coastal zone for deepwater ports, floating nuclear power plants, and offshore oil and gas to eight vessels supplying three processing plants, with a total output of around 1.2 million pounds of the deep-sea red crab, and declining consumer buying power, make the fu- ture for the red crab market
Experimental and simulation studies of zone isolation in horizontal wells
Tan, Joo Sitt
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
into the problem zone may be calculated by knowing the duration of injection before the formation gel sets. Simulation results show that relatively high injection rates (10-30 gal/min) for low viscosity gel (1-5 cp) are obtained with a pressure differential of 50...
Effects of remediation amendments on vadose zone microorganisms
Miller, Hannah M.; Tilton, Fred A.
2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z
Surfactant-based foam delivery technology has been studied to remediate Hanford 200 area deep vadose zone sediment. However, the surfactants and remediation amendments have an unknown effect on indigenous subsurface microorganisms. Microbial populations are important factors to consider in remediation efforts due to their potential to alter soil geochemistry. This project focuses on measuring microbial metabolic responses to remediation amendments in batch and column studies using Deep Vadose Zone Sediments. Initial studies of the microbes from Hanford 200 area deep vadose zone sediment showed surfactants sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) and remediation amendment calcium polysulfide (CPS) had no affect on microbial growth using BiologTM Ecoplates. To move towards a more realistic field analog, soil columns were packed with Hanford 200 Area sediment. Once microbial growth in the column was verified by observing growth of the effluent solution on tryptic soy agar plates, remedial surfactants were injected into the columns, and the resulting metabolic diversity was measured. Results suggest surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) stimulates microbial growth. The soil columns were also visualized using X-ray microtomography to inspect soil packing and possibly probe for evidence of biofilms. Overall, BiologTM Ecoplates provide a rapid assay to predict effects of remediation amendments on Hanford 200 area deep vadose zone microorganisms.
Identifying fracture zones in the Austin Chalk using seismic attributes
Bafia, Daniel Joseph
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
. After studying various attributes, it was determined that there is no direct evidence of these fracture zones, but areas that are more prone to fracturing can be deduced from lithology. "Clean chalk, or areas that lack shale interbeds, is more brittle...
Archived Reference Climate Zone: 3B Los Angeles, California
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.
Archived Reference Climate Zone: 3B Los Angeles, California
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.
Archived Reference Climate Zone: 3B Las Vegas, Nevada
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.
Archived Reference Climate Zone: 3B Las Vegas, Nevada
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.
Archived Reference Climate Zone: TMY2 Weather Data
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.
Archived Reference Climate Zone: TMY2 Weather Data
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.
Seismic Imaging of Transition Zone Discontinuities Suggests Hot
Rhoads, James
inconclusive. To investigate pertinent thermal anomalies, we imaged with inverse scattering of SS waves interior concerns mantle plumes, and as the archetype for plume-related hotspot activity, Hawaii has long upwelling from a thermal boundary near the base of the transition zone (11) and shallow-mantle processes (12
Deciding Timed Bisimulation for Timed Automata Using Zone Valuation Graph
Prasad, Sanjiva
Deciding Timed Bisimulation for Timed Automata Using Zone Valuation Graph Shibashis Guha, Chinmay was first proved to be decidable for timed automata by Cerans using a product construction method on region graph. Several other methods have been proposed in the literature since then for decid- ing timed
Identifying fracture zones in the Austin Chalk using seismic attributes
Bafia, Daniel Joseph
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
. After studying various attributes, it was determined that there is no direct evidence of these fracture zones, but areas that are more prone to fracturing can be deduced from lithology. "Clean chalk, or areas that lack shale interbeds, is more brittle...
www.VadoseZoneJournal.org Soil Architecture and
Wildenschild, Dorthe
www.VadoseZoneJournal.org Soil Architecture and Physicochemical Func ons: An Introduc on Soils func engineers with the best educa on possible. The 16 papers in this special sec on on soil architecture measurement, visualiza on, and modeling of soil structure (architecture) and physical, chemical
Spectroscopic Evidence for Uranium Bearing Precipitates in Vadose Zone
Northwest Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99352 Uranium (U) solid-state speciation in vadose zone sediments of past nuclear fuel fabrication processes, uranium (U) has been recognized as one of the most widespreadHanfordsitesthatreceivedU-containingwastesduring its mission of Pu production between 1940 and 1990. Unirradiated fuel rod wastes were disposed
Archived Reference Climate Zone: 2A Houston, Texas
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.
Archived Reference Climate Zone: 2A Houston, Texas
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.
Capture zone design for a contaminated shallow unconfined aquifer
Cann, Eric Roy
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
from the early 1950's to 1987. The extent of the ground water contamination has impacted City of Austin properties, private residential areas, and is migrating towards the Colorado River to the South. A capture zone is proposed to stop the contaminants...
air pollution zones: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
air pollution zones First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Environmental Pollution Air...
Hall, Sharon J.
(6) Planing and flour mills, industrial steam laundries, ice manufacturing and cold storage, chemical and Light Industrial Â·Multifamily Residential zones as buffers between homogeneous, racially+ : distancing of Phoenecian suburbs from expanding industry and problems of CBD; Boosterism thrives Â·Onset
Boullier The fault zone geology 1 Fault zone geology: lessons from drilling through the Nojima and 1
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitĂ© de
drilling through the Nojima and 1 Chelungpu faults 2 3 Anne-Marie Boullier 4-Marie.Boullier@obs.ujf-grenoble.fr 8 9 Abstract 10 Several drilling projects have been conducted through significant topics 32 for future research, one of which was "fault zone drilling
Boullier The fault zone geology 1 Fault zone geology: lessons from drilling through the Nojima and 1
Boyer, Edmond
drilling through the Nojima and 1 Chelungpu faults 2 3 Anne-Marie Boullier 4-Marie.Boullier@obs.ujf-grenoble.fr 8 9 Abstract 10 Several drilling projects have been conducted through was "fault zone drilling combined with surface-based 33 geophysical and geological
Jie Liao; Yeping Li
2015-01-24T23:59:59.000Z
In the paper, we consider a multi-dimensional bipolar hydrodynamic model from semiconductor devices and plasmas. This system takes the form of Euler-Poisson with electric field and frictional damping added to the momentum equations. We show the global existence and $L^{p}$ convergence rates of planar diffusion waves for multi-dimensional bipolar Euler-Poisson systems when the initial data are near the planar diffusive waves. A frequency decomposition and approximate Green function based on delicate energy method are used to get the optimal decay rates of the planar diffusion waves. To our knowledge, the $L^p(p\\in[2,+\\infty])$-convergence rate of planar waves improves the previous results about the $L^2$-convergence rates.
Gao, Yanhong; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Salathe, E.; Dominguez, Francina; Nijssen, Bart; Lettenmaier, D. P.
2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z
The water cycle of the southwestern United States (SW) is dominated by winter storms that maintain a positive annual net precipitation. Analysis of the control and future climate from four pairs of regional and global climate models (RCMs and GCMs) shows that the RCMs simulate a higher fraction of transient eddy moisture fluxes because the hydrodynamic instabilities associated with flow over complex terrain are better resolved. Under global warming, this enables the RCMs to capture the response of transient eddies to increased atmospheric stability that allows more moisture to converge on the windward side of the mountains by blocking. As a result, RCMs simulate enhanced transient eddy moisture convergence in the SW compared to GCMs, although both robustly simulate drying due to enhanced moisture divergence by the divergent mean flow in a warmer climate. This enhanced convergence leads to reduced susceptibility to hydrological change in the RCMs compared to GCMs.
Improved convergence of chiral effective field theory for {sup 1}S{sub 0} of NN scattering
Long, Bingwei [Sichuan University, JLAB
2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
It is argued that the fine-tuning due to the unnaturally large, generalized effective range in the {sup 1}S{sub 0} channel of NN scattering must be incorporated in order for one to obtain satisfactory convergence for chiral effective field theory. Without the proposition of perturbative one-pion exchange, an effective field theory with the spin-0, isospin-1 dibaryon is developed to account for this fine-tuning, and is demonstrated up to O(Q) where the leading irreducible two-pion exchange arises. The approach shown in the paper results in rapid convergence of the {sup 1}S{sub 0} partial-wave amplitude.
A nanomechanical investigation of the crack tip process zone of marble
Brooks, Zenzile (Zenzile Z.)
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This study explores the interaction between crack initiation and nanomechanical properties in the crack tip process zone (zone of microcracking at the tip of a propagating crack) of a brittle geomaterial. Samples of Carrara ...
"Table HC9.5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Climate Zone...
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Climate Zone, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Climate Zone1" ,,"Less than 2,000 CDD and --",,,,"2,000 CDD or More and Less than 4,000...
Deep Vadose Zone–Applied Field Research Initiative Fiscal Year 2012 Annual Report
Wellman, Dawn M.; Truex, Michael J.; Johnson, Timothy C.; Bunn, Amoret L.; Golovich, Elizabeth C.
2013-03-14T23:59:59.000Z
This annual report describes the background of the Deep Vadose Zone-Applied Field Research Initiative, and some of the programmatic approaches and transformational technologies in groundwater and deep vadose zone remediation developed during fiscal year 2012.
Savage, Heather M.; Brodsky, Emily E.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
E. McCallum (1999), Reservoir damage around faults: OutcropSkar (2005), Controls on damage zone asymmetry of a normal2007), The evolution of the damage zone with fault growth in
"Table HC9.10 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Climate Zone...
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site
0 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Climate Zone, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Climate Zone1" ,,"Less than 2,000 CDD and --",,,,"2,000 CDD or More and Less than 4,000...
Trapping capacity of fault zones, downdip Yegua Formation, Texas Gulf Coast basin
Hintz, Jena Christine
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The homogenization of sediment from shearing forms traps in both the hanging wall and footwall due to capillary pressure differences. The sheared zone associated with large faults can form traps. Sheared zones associated ...
Leow, Woei Ling, 1977-
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Occupancy-moderated zonal space-conditioning (OZS) refers to the partitioning of a residence into different zones and independently operating the space-conditioning equipment of each zone based on its occupancy. OZS remains ...
M. Lapert; R. Tehini; G. Turinici; D. Sugny
2009-05-29T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the optimal control of quantum systems interacting non-linearly with an electromagnetic field. We propose new monotonically convergent algorithms to solve the optimal equations. The monotonic behavior of the algorithm is ensured by a non-standard choice of the cost which is not quadratic in the field. These algorithms can be constructed for pure and mixed-state quantum systems. The efficiency of the method is shown numerically on molecular orientation with a non-linearity of order 3 in the field. Discretizing the amplitude and the phase of the Fourier transform of the optimal field, we show that the optimal solution can be well-approximated by pulses that could be implemented experimentally.
Optimal Lyapunov quantum control on two-level systems: convergence and extended techniques
L. C. Wang; S. C. Hou; X. X. Yi; Daoyi Dong; Ian R. Petersen
2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z
Taking a two-level system as an example, we show that a strong control field may enhance the efficiency of optimal Lyapunov quantum control in [Hou et al., Phys. Rev. A \\textbf{86}, 022321 (2012)] but could decrease its control fidelity. A relationship between the strength of the control field and the control fidelity is established. An extended technique, which combines free evolution and external control, is proposed to improve the control fidelity. We analytically demonstrate that the extended technique can be used to design a control law for steering a two-level system exactly to the target state. In such a way, the convergence of the extended optimal Lyapunov quantum control can be guaranteed.
The Mayer series of the Lennard-Jones gas: improved bounds for the convergence radius
Bernardo N. B. de Lima; Aldo Procacci
2014-08-04T23:59:59.000Z
We provide a lower bound for the convergence radius of the Mayer series of the Lennard-Jones gas which strongly improves on the classical bound obtained by Penrose and Ruelle 1963. To obtain this result we use an alternative estimate recently proposed by Morais et al. (J. Stat. Phys. 2014) for a restricted class of stable and tempered pair potentials (namely those which can be written as the sum of a non-negative potential plus an absolutely integrable and stable potential) combined with a method developed by Locatelli and Schoen (J. Glob. Optim. 2002) for establishing a lower bound for the minimal interatomic distance between particles interacting via a Morse potential in a cluster of minimum-energy configurations.
Extreme-UV lithography vacuum chamber zone seal
Haney, Steven J. (Tracy, CA); Herron, Donald Joe (Manteca, CA); Klebanoff, Leonard E. (San Ramon, CA); Replogle, William C. (Livermore, CA)
2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
Control of particle contamination on the reticle and carbon contamination of optical surfaces in photolithography systems can be achieved by the establishment of multiple pressure zones in the photolithography systems. The different zones will enclose the reticle, projection optics, wafer, and other components of system. The system includes a vacuum apparatus that includes: a housing defining a vacuum chamber; one or more metrology trays situated within the vacuum chamber each of which is supported by at least one support member, wherein the tray separates the vacuum chamber into a various compartments that are maintained at different pressures; and conductance seal devices for adjoining the perimeter of each tray to an inner surface of the housing wherein the tray is decoupled from vibrations emanating from the inner surface of the housing.
Extreme-UV lithography vacuum chamber zone seal
Haney, Steven J. (Tracy, CA); Herron, Donald Joe (Manteca, CA); Klebanoff, Leonard E. (San Ramon, CA); Replogle, William C. (Livermore, CA)
2003-04-08T23:59:59.000Z
Control of particle contamination on the reticle and carbon contamination of optical surfaces in photolithography systems can be achieved by the establishment of multiple pressure zones in the photolithography systems. The different zones will enclose the reticle, projection optics, wafer, and other components of system. The system includes a vacuum apparatus that includes: a housing defining a vacuum chamber; one or more metrology trays situated within the vacuum chamber each of which is supported by at least one support member, wherein the tray separates the vacuum chamber into a various compartments that are maintained at different pressures; and conductance seal devices for adjoining the perimeter of each tray to an inner surface of the housing wherein the tray is decoupled from vibrations emanating from the inner surface of the housing.
Extreme-UV lithography vacuum chamber zone seal
Haney, Steven J. (Tracy, CA); Herron, Donald Joe (Manteca, CA); Klebanoff, Leonard E. (San Ramon, CA); Replogle, William C. (Livermore, CA)
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Control of particle contamination on the reticle and carbon contamination of optical surfaces in photolithography systems can be achieved by the establishment of multiple pressure zones in the photolithography systems. The different zones will enclose the reticle, projection optics, wafer, and other components of system. The system includes a vacuum apparatus that includes: a housing defining a vacuum chamber; one or more metrology trays situated within the vacuum chamber each of which is supported by at least one support member, wherein the tray separates the vacuum chamber into a various compartments that are maintained at different pressures; and conductance seal devices for adjoining the perimeter of each tray to an inner surface of the housing wherein the tray is decoupled from vibrations emanating from the inner surface of the housing.
Diamagnetic pumping near the base of a stellar convection zone
L. L. Kitchatinov; G. Rüdiger
2008-02-18T23:59:59.000Z
The property of inhomogeneous turbulence in conducting fluids to expel large-scale magnetic fields in the direction of decreasing turbulence intensity is shown as important for the magnetic field dynamics near the base of a stellar convection zone. The downward diamagnetic pumping confines a fossil internal magnetic field in the radiative core so that the field geometry is appropriate for formation of the solar tachocline. For the stars of solar age, the diamagnetic confinement is efficient only if the ratio of turbulent magnetic diffusivity of the convection zone to the (microscopic or turbulent) diffusivity of the radiative interiour is larger than 10^5. Confinement in younger stars require still larger diffusivity ratio. The observation of persistent magnetic structures on young solar-type stars can thus provide evidences for the nonexistence of tachoclines in stellar interiors and on the level of turbulence in radiative cores.
Stramski, Dariusz
Characterization of the solar light field within the ocean mesopelagic zone based on radiative light field Apparent optical properties Mesopelagic zone Radiative transfer modeling a b s t r a c t The solar light field within the ocean from the sea surface to the bottom of the mesopelagic zone
STATE OF CALIFORNIA CONSTANT VOLUME SINGLE ZONE UNITARY AIR CONDITIONER AND HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
STATE OF CALIFORNIA CONSTANT VOLUME SINGLE ZONE UNITARY AIR CONDITIONER AND HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS CEC Volume Single Zone Unitary Air Conditioner and Heat Pump Systems (Page 1 of 4) Project Name CONSTANT VOLUME SINGLE ZONE UNITARY AIR CONDITIONER AND HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS CEC-MECH-3A (Revised 08
Can the transition zone test the Plate and Plume hypotheses? Gillian R. Foulger
Foulger, G. R.
Can the transition zone test the Plate and Plume hypotheses? Gillian R. Foulger Dept. Earth wave-speed anomalies above, within and below the transition zone. The Plate model, in contrast and on into the transition zone, but rarely, if ever, deeper and through the 660-km discontinuity. The 410-km discontinuity
Down the retirement risk zone with gun and camera Geoffrey Kingston
Blennerhassett, Peter
for negotiating the risk zone.1 Fortunately, economic logic comes to the rescue. Early retirement is particularly1 Down the retirement risk zone with gun and camera Geoffrey Kingston Lance Fisher Department;2 Abstract The retirement risk zone represents a fragile period in the financial life cycle of people
IEA BESTEST Multi-Zone Non-Airflow In-Depth Diagnostic Cases: Preprint
Neymark, J.; Judkoff, R.; Alexander, D.; Felsmann, C.; Strachan, P.; Wijsman, A.
2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper documents a set of in-depth diagnostic test cases for multi-zone heat transfer models that do not include the heat and mass transfer effects of airflow between zones. The multi-zone non-airflow test cases represent an extension to IEA BESTEST (Judkoff and Neymark 1995a).
Defining the Fresnel zone for broadband radiation Jeremy Pearce and Daniel Mittleman*
Mittleman, Daniel
Defining the Fresnel zone for broadband radiation Jeremy Pearce and Daniel Mittleman* Department of the Fresnel zone is central to many areas of imaging. In tomographic imaging, the transverse spatial resolution can be limited by the size of the first Fresnel zone, usually defined only for monochromatic
Volume Fresnel zone plates fabricated by femtosecond laser direct writing Pornsak Srisungsitthisunti
Xu, Xianfan
Volume Fresnel zone plates fabricated by femtosecond laser direct writing Pornsak October 2006; accepted 29 November 2006; published online 2 January 2007 In this letter, volume Fresnel. A volume zone plate consists of a number of layers of Fresnel zone plates designed to focus light together
Accurate and fast simulation of Fresnel zone plates and multi-level diffractive lenses
Jahns, Jürgen
Accurate and fast simulation of Fresnel zone plates and multi-level diffractive lenses Qing Cao, such as various Fresnel zone plates [1, 2] and muti-level diffractive lenses [3], can be used for focusing and fast simulation of various Fresnel zone plates and multi-level diffractive lenses. As two tests, we
FRESNEL-ZONE MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS OF A DUAL-POLARIZED METEOROLOGICAL RADAR ANTENNA
Collings, Iain B.
FRESNEL-ZONE MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS OF A DUAL- POLARIZED METEOROLOGICAL RADAR ANTENNA D.B. Hayman Fresnel-zone holographic technique was used to obtain the radiation pattern for the upgraded antenna in the measurement of this antenna and the analysis of the results. Keywords: Antenna measurements, Fresnel zone
Modified Fresnel zone plates with sharp Gaussian focal spots Qing Cao and Jurgen Jahns
Jahns, Jürgen
Modified Fresnel zone plates with sharp Gaussian focal spots Qing Cao and J¨urgen Jahns Traditional Fresnel zone plates (TFZPs) and photon sieves [1, 2, 3] can be used for the focusing and imaging of soft x.e. a modified Fresnel zone plate, MFZP) can realized the same functions as a photon sieve. In particular, we
Scanning microscopy using a short-focal-length Fresnel zone plate
Scanning microscopy using a short-focal-length Fresnel zone plate Ethan Schonbrun,* Winnie N. Ye demonstrate a form of scanning microscopy using a short-focal-length Fresnel zone plate and a low-NA relay. In this scheme, parallel scanning microscopy using a Fresnel zone-plate array would require only a single spatial
Modified composite Fresnel zone plates with high numerical apertures Qing Cao and Jurgen Jahns
Jahns, Jürgen
Modified composite Fresnel zone plates with high numerical apertures Qing Cao and J¨urgen Jahns Traditional Fresnel zone plates (TFZPs) can be used for the focusing and imaging of soft x-rays and EUV proposed the modified Fresnel zone plates that can produce sharp Gaussian focal spots (we call them
Zone heated inlet ignited diesel particulate filter regeneration
Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI; Ament, Frank [Troy, MI
2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z
An exhaust system that processes exhaust generated by an engine is provided. The system includes: a particulate filter (PF) that is disposed downstream of the engine and that filters particulates from the exhaust; and a grid that includes electrically resistive material that is segmented by non-conductive material into a plurality of zones and wherein the grid is applied to an exterior upstream surface of the PF.
Enrichment Zoning Options for the Small Nuclear Rocket Engine (SNRE)
Bruce G. Schnitzler; Stanley K. Borowski
2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Advancement of U.S. scientific, security, and economic interests through a robust space exploration program requires high performance propulsion systems to support a variety of robotic and crewed missions beyond low Earth orbit. In NASA’s recent Mars Design Reference Architecture (DRA) 5.0 study (NASA-SP-2009-566, July 2009), nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP) was again selected over chemical propulsion as the preferred in-space transportation system option because of its high thrust and high specific impulse (-900 s) capability, increased tolerance to payload mass growth and architecture changes, and lower total initial mass in low Earth orbit. An extensive nuclear thermal rocket technology development effort was conducted from 1955-1973 under the Rover/NERVA Program. The Small Nuclear Rocket Engine (SNRE) was the last engine design studied by the Los Alamos National Laboratory during the program. At the time, this engine was a state-of-the-art design incorporating lessons learned from the very successful technology development program. Past activities at the NASA Glenn Research Center have included development of highly detailed MCNP Monte Carlo transport models of the SNRE and other small engine designs. Preliminary core configurations typically employ fuel elements with fixed fuel composition and fissile material enrichment. Uniform fuel loadings result in undesirable radial power and temperature profiles in the engines. Engine performance can be improved by some combination of propellant flow control at the fuel element level and by varying the fuel composition. Enrichment zoning at the fuel element level with lower enrichments in the higher power elements at the core center and on the core periphery is particularly effective. Power flattening by enrichment zoning typically results in more uniform propellant exit temperatures and improved engine performance. For the SNRE, element enrichment zoning provided very flat radial power profiles with 551 of the 564 fuel elements within 1% of the average element power. Results for this and alternate enrichment zoning options for the SNRE are compared.
Motorist understanding of alternative construction work zone signing
Ogden, Michael Anthony
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of this report. Previous research has documented motorist misinterpretation of construction work zone signing. Two previous studies were used to identify the four study signs for this project. These four signs were: 1) The Advance Road Construction Sign, 2.... More than five hundred motorists were surveyed for this research project. An additional sample of twenty-five transportation professionals were surveyed to gain further insight on the current signs and their alternatives. The results were compared...
1999 vadose zone monitoring plan and guidance for subsequent years
Horton, D.G.; Reidel, S.P.; Last, G.V.
1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
The US Department of Energy`s Hanford Site has the most diverse and largest amounts of radioactive waste in the US. The majority of the liquid waste was disposed to the soil column where much of it remains today. This document provides the rationale and general framework for vadose zone monitoring at cribs, ditches, trenches and other disposal facilities to detect new sources of contamination and track the movement of existing contamination in the vadose zone for the protection of groundwater. The document provides guidance for subsequent site-specific vadose zone monitoring plans and includes a brief description of past vadose monitoring activities (Chapter 3); the results of the Data Quality Objective process used for this plan (Chapter 4); a prioritization of liquid waste disposal sites for vadose monitoring (Chapter 5 and Appendix B); a general Monitoring and Analysis Plan (Chapter 6); a general Quality Assurance Project Plan (Appendix A), and a description of vadose monitoring activities planned for FY 1999 (Appendix C).
Efficient small-scale dynamo in solar convection zone
Hotta, H; Yokoyama, T
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate small-scale dynamo action in the solar convection zone through a series of high resolution MHD simulations in a local Cartesian domain with 1$R_\\odot$ (solar radius) of horizontal extent and a radial extent from 0.715 to 0.96$R_\\odot$. The dependence of the solution on resolution and diffusivity is studied. For a grid spacing of less than 350 km, the root mean square magnetic field strength near the base of the convection zone reaches 95% of the equipartition field strength (i.e. magnetic and kinetic energy are comparable). For these solutions the Lorentz force feedback on the convection velocity is found to be significant. The velocity near the base of the convection zone is reduced to 50% of the hydrodynamic one. In spite of a significant decrease of the convection velocity, the reduction in the enthalpy flux is relatively small, since the magnetic field also suppresses the horizontal mixing of the entropy between up- and downflow regions. This effect increases the amplitude of the entropy pe...
GAMMA-CONVERGENCE AND THE EMERGENCE OF VORTICES FOR GINZBURG-LANDAU ON THIN SHELLS AND MANIFOLDS
Sternberg, Peter
-Landau energy in the presence of an applied magnetic field when the superconducting sample occupies a thin neighborhood of a bounded, closed manifold in R3 . We establish -convergence to a reduced Ginzburg-Landau model critical points when the manifold M is a simply connected surface of revolution and the applied field
Andrew, Lachlan
MaxNet: Faster Flow Control Convergence Bartek P. Wydrowski, Lachlan L. H. Andrew, Iven M. Y of Melbourne, Vic, 3010, Australia Ph. +61 3 8344 3816 Fax. +61 3 8344 6678 Abstract. MaxNet is a distributed generates the congestion signal that controls the source rate. This is unlike SumNet networks
Convergence Analysis of On-Policy LSPI for Multi-Dimensional Continuous State and Action-Space
Powell, Warren B.
of energy such as electricity, oil and natural gas. We seek to 1 #12;determine the allocation ut usingConvergence Analysis of On-Policy LSPI for Multi-Dimensional Continuous State and Action-Space MDPs exactly. We use the concept of the post-decision state variable to eliminate the expectation inside
Qiu, Bo
Boundary Layer Convergence Induced by Strong Winds across a Midlatitude SST Front* THOMAS in an idealized, dry, two- dimensional configuration, for winds crossing from cold to warm SST and from warm to cold SST. For strong cross-front winds, O(10 m s21 ), changes in the turbulent mixing and MABL depth
Plotkin, Joshua B.
Center for Bioinformatics, which provide a focus for genomics and computational biology on the PennGenomics and Computational Biology lie at the center of a rapid convergence of biomedical research in genomics, as well as computational activities in bioinformatics. Students and faculty in Penn's Genomics
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Spatial and temporal distribution of Cu-Au-Mo ore deposits along the western Tethyan convergent systems and subduction dynamics are still partly unclear. Along the western Tethyan convergent margin Paleocene phase characterized by a copper mineralization within the Balkan chain and in the Kaçkar mountains
Ulukus, Sennur
14, 2003 Probability One Convergence in Joint Stochastic Power Control and Blind MMSE Interference implementation of standard power control al- gorithms in wireless communications. It is shown that, under a set of general assumptions, the stochas- tic power control algorithm converges to the compo- nentwise smallest
TĂąma, Miroslav
's law and the continuity equation is solved. MixedÂhybrid finite element formulation based on general residual method Rate of convergence Asymptotic convergence factor 1. Introduction The potential flow of polluted groundwater in porous media is usually modelled by a mixed or mixedÂhybrid formulations which
School of Materials Science and Engineering, State Key Lab for Materials Processing and Die & Mold Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China; Department of Physics, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720, USA; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, California 94720, USA; Yang, Yuchen; Liu, Jason; Liu, Lin; Anders, André
2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z
Past research has revealed the propagation of dense, asymmetric ionization zones in both high and low current magnetron discharges. Here we report about the direction reversal of ionization zone propagation as observed with fast cameras. At high currents, zones move in the E B direction with velocities of 103 to 104 m/s. However at lower currents, ionization zones are observed to move in the opposite, the -E B direction, with velocities ~;; 103 m/s. It is proposed that the direction reversal is associated with the local balance of ionization and supply of neutrals in the ionization zone.
Method for continuously recovering metals using a dual zone chemical reactor
Bronson, Mark C. (Livermore, CA)
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A dual zone chemical reactor continuously processes metal-containing materials while regenerating and circulating a liquid carrier. The starting materials are fed into a first reaction zone of a vessel containing a molten salt carrier. The starting materials react to form a metal product and a by-product that dissolves in the molten salt that flows to a second reaction zone in the reaction vessel. The second reaction zone is partitioned from, but in fluid communication with, the first reaction zone. The liquid carrier continuously circulates along a pathway between the first reaction zone and the second reaction zone. A reactive gas is introduced into the second reaction zone to react with the reaction by-product to generate the molten salt. The metal product, the gaseous waste products, and the excess liquid carrier are removed without interrupting the operation of the reactor. The design of the dual zone reactor can be adapted to combine a plurality of liquid carrier regeneration zones in a multiple dual zone chemical reactor for production scale processing.
Method for continuously recovering metals using a dual zone chemical reactor
Bronson, M.C.
1995-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
A dual zone chemical reactor continuously processes metal-containing materials while regenerating and circulating a liquid carrier. The starting materials are fed into a first reaction zone of a vessel containing a molten salt carrier. The starting materials react to form a metal product and a by-product that dissolves in the molten salt that flows to a second reaction zone in the reaction vessel. The second reaction zone is partitioned from, but in fluid communication with, the first reaction zone. The liquid carrier continuously circulates along a pathway between the first reaction zone and the second reaction zone. A reactive gas is introduced into the second reaction zone to react with the reaction by-product to generate the molten salt. The metal product, the gaseous waste products, and the excess liquid carrier are removed without interrupting the operation of the reactor. The design of the dual zone reactor can be adapted to combine a plurality of liquid carrier regeneration zones in a multiple dual zone chemical reactor for production scale processing. 6 figs.
Theodore Yaotsu Wu
2007-12-29T23:59:59.000Z
This study is on Cauchy's function $f(z)$ and its integral, $J[f(z)]\\equiv (2\\pi i)^{-1}\\oint_C f(t)dt/(t-z)$ taken along a closed simple contour $C$, in regard to their comprehensive properties over the entire $z=x+iy$ plane consisted of the open domain ${\\cal D}^+$ bounded by $C$ and the open domain ${\\cal D}^-$ outside $C$. (i) With $f(z)$ assumed to be $C^n$ ($n$ times continuously differentiable) $\\forall z\\in {\\cal D}^+$ and in a neighborhood of $C$, $f(z)$ and its derivatives $f^{(n)}(z)$ are proved uniformly continuous in the closed domain $\\bar{{\\cal D}^+}=[\\cal D^++C]$. (ii) Under this new assumption, integral $J[f(z)]$ and its derivatives $J_n[f(z)]=d^n J[f(z)]/dz^n$ are proved to converge uniformly in $\\bar{{\\cal D}^+}$, thereby rendering the integral formula valid over the entire $z$-plane. (iii) The same claims (as for $f(z)$ and $J[f(z)]$) are shown extended to hold for the complement function $F(z)$, defined to be $C^n \\forall z\\in \\bar{{\\cal D}^-}=[\\cal D^-+C]$, in $\\bar{{\\cal D}^-}$. (iv) Further, the singularity distribution of $f(z)$ in ${\\cal D}^-$ (existing unless $f(z)\\equiv$ const.in the $z$-plane) is elucidated by considering the direct problem exemplified with several typical singularities prescribed in ${\\cal D}^-$. (v) The uniform convergence theorems for $f(z)$ and $F(z)$ shown for contour $C$ of arbitrary shape are adapted to apply to special domains in the upper or lower half $z$-planes and those inside and outside the unit circle $|z|=1$ to achieve the generalized Hilbert transforms for these cases. (vi) Finally, an unsolved inverse problem to determine all the singularities of Cauchy function $f(z)$ in domain ${\\cal D}^-$ is presented for resolution as a conjecture.
Wireless zoned particulate matter filter regeneration control system
Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI; Kirby, Kevin W [Calabasas Hills, CA; Phelps, Amanda [Malibu, CA
2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z
An assembly includes a particulate matter (PM) filter that comprises an upstream end for receiving exhaust gas, a downstream end and multiple zones. An absorbing layer absorbs microwave energy in one of N frequency ranges and is arranged with the upstream end. N is an integer. A frequency selective filter has M frequency selective segments and receives microwave energy in the N frequency ranges. M is an integer. One of the M frequency selective segments permits passage of the microwave energy in one of the N frequency ranges and does not permit passage of microwave energy in the other of the N frequency ranges.
Denazification in the American Zone of Germany, 1945-1948
McHenry, Richard Lee
1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
in the form JCS 1067/7 was sent to General Ezsen- hower in Europe to become the guiding document of the U. S. zone of Germany. Notes 1. Harlod Zink, American Militar Government in German (New York, 1947), 19-20, 42. 2. U. S. Senate, Mor enthau Diar... PHASE OF DENAZIFICATION The "Directive to the Commander in Chief of United States Forces of Occupation" arrived at General Eisen- hower's headquarters during the last weeks of combat in Europe. It was immediately forwarded to Lt. General Lucius D...
Property:Buildings/ModelClimateZone | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,Pillar GroupInformationInformationYearConstruction1 JumpModelClimateZone
Central Plateau Groundwater and Deep Vadose Zone Strategy
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced. C o w l i t z C oCNMSStaff HighlightGroundwater Vadose Zone
Mechanisms for the convergence of time-parallelized, parareal turbulent plasma simulations
Reynolds-Barredo, J. [University of Alaska; University Carlos III de Madrid; Newman, David E [University of Alaska; Sanchez, R. [Universidad Carlos III, Madrid, Spain; Samaddar, D. [ITER Organization, Saint Paul Lez Durance, France; Berry, Lee A [ORNL; Elwasif, Wael R [ORNL
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Parareal is a recent algorithm able to parallelize the time dimension in spite of its sequential nature. It has been applied to several linear and nonlinear problems and, very recently, to a simulation of fully-developed, two-dimensional drift wave turbulence. The mere fact that parareal works in such a turbulent regime is in itself somewhat unexpected, due to the characteristic sensitivity of turbulence to any change in initial conditions. This fundamental property of any turbulent system should render the iterative correction procedure characteristic of the parareal method inoperative, but this seems not to be the case. In addition, the choices that must be made to implement parareal (division of the temporal domain, election of the coarse solver and so on) are currently made using trial-and-error approaches. Here, we identify the mechanisms responsible for the convergence of parareal of these simulations of drift wave turbulence. We also investigate which conditions these mechanisms impose on any successful parareal implementation. The results reported here should be useful to guide future implementations of parareal within the much wider context of fully-developed fluid and plasma turbulent simulations.
Club Convergence of House Prices: Evidence from China's Ten Key Cities
Meng, Hao; Zhou, Wei-Xing
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The latest global financial tsunami and its follow-up global economic recession has uncovered the crucial impact of housing markets on financial and economic systems. The Chinese stock market experienced a markedly fall during the global financial tsunami and China's economy has also slowed down by about 2\\%-3\\% when measured in GDP. Nevertheless, the housing markets in diverse Chinese cities seemed to continue the almost nonstop mania for more than ten years. However, the structure and dynamics of the Chinese housing market are less studied. Here we perform an extensive study of the Chinese housing market by analyzing ten representative key cities based on both linear and nonlinear econophysical and econometric methods. We identify a common collective driving force which accounts for 96.5\\% of the house price growth, indicating very high systemic risk in the Chinese housing market. The ten key cities can be categorized into clubs and the house prices of the cities in the same club exhibit an evident converge...
Nguyen Trung Thŕnh; Larisa Beilina; Michael V. Klibanov; Michael A. Fiddy
2014-06-13T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the problem of imaging of objects buried under the ground using backscattering experimental time dependent measurements generated by a single point source or one incident plane wave. In particular, we estimate dielectric constants of those objects using the globally convergent inverse algorithm of Beilina and Klibanov. Our algorithm is tested on experimental data collected using a microwave scattering facility at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. There are two main challenges working with this type of experimental data: (i) there is a huge misfit between these data and computationally simulated data, and (ii) the signals scattered from the targets may overlap with and be dominated by the reflection from the ground's surface. To overcome these two challenges, we propose new data preprocessing steps to make the experimental data to be approximately the same as the simulated ones, as well as to remove the reflection from the ground's surface. Results of total 25 data sets of both non blind and blind targets indicate a good accuracy.
Ren, W.; Lan, M.; Hao, Y.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The hot summer and cold winter zone is a transition zone between the cold zone and hot zone, sweltering in summer and chilly in winter, of which climate is worse. In recent years, with people's raised requirements on indoor living environments...
Outdoor Lighting Zones Adjustments to Default Outdoor Lighting Zones A local Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) may officially adopt changes to the default Outdoor Lighting Zone designation of an area the proposed change. For example, the AHJ may determine areas where Outdoor Lighting Zone 4 is applicable
Development of Characterization Technology for Fault Zone Hydrology
Karasaki, Kenzi; Onishi, Tiemi; Gasperikova, Erika; Goto, Junichi; Tsuchi, Hiroyuki; Miwa, Tadashi; Ueta, Keiichi; Kiho, Kenzo; MIyakawa, Kimio
2010-08-06T23:59:59.000Z
Several deep trenches were cut, and a number of geophysical surveys were conducted across the Wildcat Fault in the hills east of Berkeley, California. The Wildcat Fault is believed to be a strike-slip fault and a member of the Hayward Fault System, with over 10 km of displacement. So far, three boreholes of ~;; 150m deep have been core-drilled and borehole geophysical logs were conducted. The rocks are extensively sheared and fractured; gouges were observed at several depths and a thick cataclasitic zone was also observed. While confirming some earlier, published conclusions from shallow observations about Wildcat, some unexpected findings were encountered. Preliminary analysis indicates that Wildcat near the field site consists of multiple faults. The hydraulic test data suggest the dual properties of the hydrologic structure of the fault zone. A fourth borehole is planned to penetrate the main fault believed to lie in-between the holes. The main philosophy behind our approach for the hydrologic characterization of such a complex fractured system is to let the system take its own average and monitor a long term behavior instead of collecting a multitude of data at small length and time scales, or at a discrete fracture scale and to ?up-scale,? which is extremely tenuous.
Discovery of Highly Obscured Galaxies in the Zone of Avoidance
F. R. Marleau; A. Noriega-Crespo; R. Paladini; D. Clancy; S. Carey; S. Shenoy; K. E. Kraemer; T. Kuchar; D. R. Mizuno; S. Price
2008-05-16T23:59:59.000Z
We report the discovery of twenty-five previously unknown galaxies in the Zone of Avoidance. Our systematic search for extended extra-galactic sources in the GLIMPSE and MIPSGAL mid-infrared surveys of the Galactic plane has revealed two overdensities of these sources, located around l ~ 47 and 55 degrees and |b| less than 1 degree in the Sagitta-Aquila region. These overdensities are consistent with the local large-scale structure found at similar Galactic longitude and extending from |b| ~ 4 to 40 degrees. We show that the infrared spectral energy distribution of these sources is indeed consistent with those of normal galaxies. Photometric estimates of their redshift indicate that the majority of these galaxies are found in the redshift range z = 0.01 - 0.05, with one source located at z = 0.07. Comparison with known sources in the local Universe reveals that these galaxies are located at similar overdensities in redshift space. These new galaxies are the first evidence of a bridge linking the large-scale structure between both sides of the Galactic plane at very low Galactic latitude and clearly demonstrate the feasibility of detecting galaxies in the Zone of Avoidance using mid-to-far infrared surveys.
Finite element analysis of heat transport in a hydrothermal zone
Bixler, N.E.; Carrigan, C.R.
1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Two-phase heat transport in the vicinity of a heated, subsurface zone is important for evaluation of nuclear waste repository design and estimation of geothermal energy recovery, as well as prediction of magma solidification rates. Finite element analyses of steady, two-phase, heat and mass transport have been performed to determine the relative importance of conduction and convection in a permeable medium adjacent to a hot, impermeable, vertical surface. The model includes the effects of liquid flow due to capillarity and buoyancy and vapor flow due to pressure gradients. Change of phase, with its associated latent heat effects, is also modeled. The mechanism of capillarity allows for the presence of two-phase zones, where both liquid and vapor can coexist, which has not been considered in previous investigations. The numerical method employs the standard Galerkin/finite element method, using eight-node, subparametric or isoparametric quadrilateral elements. In order to handle the extreme nonlinearities inherent in two-phase, nonisothermal, porous-flow problems, steady-state results are computed by integrating transients out to a long time (a method that is highly robust).
Caroline Gollub; Markus Kowalewski; Regina de Vivie-Riedle
2008-01-25T23:59:59.000Z
We present a modified optimal control scheme based on the Krotov method, which allows for strict limitations on the spectrum of the optimized laser fields, without losing monotonic convergence of the algorithm. The method guarantees a close link to learning loop control experiments and is demonstrated for the challenging control of non-resonant Raman transitions, which are used to implement a set of global quantum gates for molecular vibrational qubits.
Bixler, Nathan E.; Osborn, Douglas M.; Sallaberry, Cedric Jean-Marie; Eckert-Gallup, Aubrey Celia; Mattie, Patrick D.; Ghosh, S. Tina
2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper describes the convergence of MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System, Version 2 (MACCS2) probabilistic results of offsite consequences for the uncertainty analysis of the State-of-the-Art Reactor Consequence Analyses (SOARCA) unmitigated long-term station blackout scenario at the Peach Bottom Atomic Power Station. The consequence metrics evaluated are individual latent-cancer fatality (LCF) risk and individual early fatality risk. Consequence results are presented as conditional risk (i.e., assuming the accident occurs, risk per event) to individuals of the public as a result of the accident. In order to verify convergence for this uncertainty analysis, as recommended by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards, a ‘high’ source term from the original population of Monte Carlo runs has been selected to be used for: (1) a study of the distribution of consequence results stemming solely from epistemic uncertainty in the MACCS2 parameters (i.e., separating the effect from the source term uncertainty), and (2) a comparison between Simple Random Sampling (SRS) and Latin Hypercube Sampling (LHS) in order to validate the original results obtained with LHS. Three replicates (each using a different random seed) of size 1,000 each using LHS and another set of three replicates of size 1,000 using SRS are analyzed. The results show that the LCF risk results are well converged with either LHS or SRS sampling. The early fatality risk results are less well converged at radial distances beyond 2 miles, and this is expected due to the sparse data (predominance of “zero” results).
Technical Report IDSIA-09-01 15 August 2001 16 January 2003 Convergence and Loss Bounds for
Schmidhuber, Juergen
Technical Report IDSIA-09-01 15 August 2001 Â 16 January 2003 Convergence and Loss Bounds is al- lowed to choose an action yt based on x1...xt-1 and receives loss xtyt if xt is the next symbol and the total loss L of is bounded in terms of the total loss LÂµ of Âµ. It is shown that L is bounded
Variable power distribution for zoned regeneration of an electrically heated particulate filter
Bhatia, Garima [Bangalore, IN; Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI
2012-04-03T23:59:59.000Z
A system includes a particulate matter (PM) filter with multiple zones, an electric heater and a control module. The electrical heater includes heater segments, which each correspond with a respective one of the zones. The electrical heater is arranged upstream from and is proximate with the PM filter. The control module selectively applies a first energy level to a first one of the zones via a first one of the heater segments to initiate regeneration in the first zone. The control module also selectively applies a second energy level that is less than the first energy level to a second one of the zones via a second one of the heater segments to initiate regeneration in the second zone.
Analytical Derivation of Three Dimensional Vorticity Function for wave breaking in Surf Zone
Dutta, R
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this report, Mathematical model for generalized nonlinear three dimensional wave breaking equations was de- veloped analytically using fully nonlinear extended Boussinesq equations to encompass rotational dynamics in wave breaking zone. The three dimensional equations for vorticity distributions are developed from Reynold based stress equations. Vorticity transport equations are also developed for wave breaking zone. This equations are basic model tools for numerical simulation of surf zone to explain wave breaking phenomena. The model reproduces most of the dynamics in the surf zone. Non linearity for wave height predictions is also shown close to the breaking both in shoaling as well as surf zone. Keyword Wave breaking, Boussinesq equation, shallow water, surf zone. PACS : 47.32-y
Fast convergence of imaginary time evolution tensor network algorithms by recycling the environment
Ho N. Phien; Ian P. McCulloch; Guifré Vidal
2015-03-28T23:59:59.000Z
We propose an environment recycling scheme to speed up a class of tensor network algorithms that produce an approximation to the ground state of a local Hamiltonian by simulating an evolution in imaginary time. Specifically, we consider the time-evolving block decimation (TEBD) algorithm applied to infinite systems in 1D and 2D, where the ground state is encoded, respectively, in a matrix product state (MPS) and in a projected entangled-pair state (PEPS). An important ingredient of the TEBD algorithm (and a main computational bottleneck, especially with PEPS in 2D) is the computation of the so-called environment, which is used to determine how to optimally truncate the bond indices of the tensor network so that their dimension is kept constant. In current algorithms, the environment is computed at each step of the imaginary time evolution, to account for the changes that the time evolution introduces in the many-body state represented by the tensor network. Our key insight is that close to convergence, most of the changes in the environment are due to a change in the choice of gauge in the bond indices of the tensor network, and not in the many-body state. Indeed, a consistent choice of gauge in the bond indices confirms that the environment is essentially the same over many time steps and can thus be re-used, leading to very substantial computational savings. We demonstrate the resulting approach in 1D and 2D by computing the ground state of the quantum Ising model in a transverse magnetic field.
Upper Devonian and Lower Mississippian conodont zones in Montana, Wyoming, and South Dakota
Klapper, G.
1966-05-23T23:59:59.000Z
of the Cheiloceras-Stufe in New York are the same as HASS ' lower Gassaway faunal zone in its New York occurrence, with the exception of the South Wales Member of the Perrysburg Formation. The upper Gassaway fau- nal zone of the Chattanooga Shale (51, p. 22... of the Cheiloceras-Stufe in New York are the same as HASS ' lower Gassaway faunal zone in its New York occurrence, with the exception of the South Wales Member of the Perrysburg Formation. The upper Gassaway fau- nal zone of the Chattanooga Shale (51, p. 22...
Mills, Andrew
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Colorado: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. http://Colorado: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NREL/SR-550-Finn, J. 2009. Western Renewable Energy Zones, Phase 1: QRA
Human dimensions perspectives on the impacts of coastal zone marine renewable energy
Pomeroy, Caroline; Conway, Flaxen; Hall-Arber, Madeleine
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
between offshore renewable energy and existing uses on thecoastal zone marine renewable energy generation. REFERENCESOuter Continental Shelf Renewable Energy Space-Use Conflicts
Influence of raised floor on zone design cooling load in commercial buildings.
Schiavon, Stefano; Lee, Kwang Ho; Bauman, Fred; Webster, Tom
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A future study will analyze the difference in zone coolingcooling load for a UFAD system was not included because the topic will be covered in a future
County Planning, Zoning, and Recreation on Natural Streams and Waterways (Missouri)
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This legislation contains provisions pertaining to local planning and zoning issues, particularly regarding sites adjacent to natural streams and waterways. Certain counties are authorized to form...