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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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1

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - States Dependent on Interstate  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

States Dependent on Interstate Pipelines States Dependent on Interstate Pipelines About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates States in grey which are at least 85% dependent on the interstate pipeline network for their natural gas supply are: New England - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont Southeast - Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee Northeast - Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, District of Columbia Midwest - Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin Central - Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska, South Dakota West - Arizona, California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Washington Interstate Natural Gas Supply Dependency, 2007 Map: Interstate Natural Gas Supply Dependency

2

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Interstate Pipelines Segment  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Home > Natural Gas > About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines > Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Segment About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through...

3

Natural Gas Compressor Stations on the Interstate Pipeline Network:Developments Since 1996  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This special report looks at the use of natural gas pipeline compressor stations on the interstate natural gas pipeline network that serves the lower 48 States. It examines the compression facilities added over the past 10 years and how the expansions have supported pipeline capacity growth intended to meet the increasing demand for natural gas.

Information Center

2007-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

4

California Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity Levels ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

PG&E Gas Transmission - NW Tuscarora Pipeline (Malin OR) 110 Mmcf/d 2,080 Mmcf/d Total Interstate Pipeline Capacity into California 7,435 Mmcf/d Net Natural Gas ...

5

Deliverability on the interstate natural gas pipeline system  

SciTech Connect

Deliverability on the Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline System examines the capability of the national pipeline grid to transport natural gas to various US markets. The report quantifies the capacity levels and utilization rates of major interstate pipeline companies in 1996 and the changes since 1990, as well as changes in markets and end-use consumption patterns. It also discusses the effects of proposed capacity expansions on capacity levels. The report consists of five chapters, several appendices, and a glossary. Chapter 1 discusses some of the operational and regulatory features of the US interstate pipeline system and how they affect overall system design, system utilization, and capacity expansions. Chapter 2 looks at how the exploration, development, and production of natural gas within North America is linked to the national pipeline grid. Chapter 3 examines the capability of the interstate natural gas pipeline network to link production areas to market areas, on the basis of capacity and usage levels along 10 corridors. The chapter also examines capacity expansions that have occurred since 1990 along each corridor and the potential impact of proposed new capacity. Chapter 4 discusses the last step in the transportation chain, that is, deliverability to the ultimate end user. Flow patterns into and out of each market region are discussed, as well as the movement of natural gas between States in each region. Chapter 5 examines how shippers reserve interstate pipeline capacity in the current transportation marketplace and how pipeline companies are handling the secondary market for short-term unused capacity. Four appendices provide supporting data and additional detail on the methodology used to estimate capacity. 32 figs., 15 tabs.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Interstate Natural Gas Pipelines (Iowa)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This statute confers upon the Utilities Board the authority to act as an agent of the federal government in determining pipeline company compliance with federal standards within the boundaries of...

7

Statistics of interstate natural gas pipeline companies, 1990  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents financial and operating information of all major interstate natural gas pipeline companies that operated in the United States during 1990. (VC)

Not Available

1992-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

8

Gas supplies of interstate natural gas pipeline companies, 1986  

SciTech Connect

The publication provides information on the total reserves, production, and deliverability capabilities of the 90 interstate pipeline companies. The gas supplies of interstate pipeline companies consist of the certificated, dedicated, recoverable, salable natural gas available from domestic in-the-ground reserves; gas purchased under contracts with other interstate pipeline companies; domestically produced coal gas, liquefied natural gas (LNG), and synthetic natural gas (SNG); and imported natural gas and LNG. The domestic in-the-ground reserves consist of company-owned reserves including natural gas in underground storage, reserves dedicated to or warranted under contracts with independent producers, and supplemental or short-term supplies purchased from independent producers and intrastate pipeline companies. To avoid duplicate reporting of domestic in-the-ground reserves, the volumes of gas under contract agreement between jurisdictional pipelines have been excluded in summarizing State and national reserves. Volumes contracted under agreements with foreign suppliers include pipeline imports from Canada and Mexico. 7 figs., 18 tabs.

Not Available

1987-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

9

Overview of interstate hydrogen pipeline systems.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The use of hydrogen in the energy sector of the United States is projected to increase significantly in the future. Current uses are predominantly in the petroleum refining sector, with hydrogen also being used in the manufacture of chemicals and other specialized products. Growth in hydrogen consumption is likely to appear in the refining sector, where greater quantities of hydrogen will be required as the quality of the raw crude decreases, and in the mining and processing of tar sands and other energy resources that are not currently used at a significant level. Furthermore, the use of hydrogen as a transportation fuel has been proposed both by automobile manufacturers and the federal government. Assuming that the use of hydrogen will significantly increase in the future, there would be a corresponding need to transport this material. A variety of production technologies are available for making hydrogen, and there are equally varied raw materials. Potential raw materials include natural gas, coal, nuclear fuel, and renewables such as solar, wind, or wave energy. As these raw materials are not uniformly distributed throughout the United States, it would be necessary to transport either the raw materials or the hydrogen long distances to the appropriate markets. While hydrogen may be transported in a number of possible forms, pipelines currently appear to be the most economical means of moving it in large quantities over great distances. One means of controlling hydrogen pipeline costs is to use common rights-of-way (ROWs) whenever feasible. For that reason, information on hydrogen pipelines is the focus of this document. Many of the features of hydrogen pipelines are similar to those of natural gas pipelines. Furthermore, as hydrogen pipeline networks expand, many of the same construction and operating features of natural gas networks would be replicated. As a result, the description of hydrogen pipelines will be very similar to that of natural gas pipelines. The following discussion will focus on the similarities and differences between the two pipeline networks. Hydrogen production is currently concentrated in refining centers along the Gulf Coast and in the Farm Belt. These locations have ready access to natural gas, which is used in the steam methane reduction process to make bulk hydrogen in this country. Production centers could possibly change to lie along coastlines, rivers, lakes, or rail lines, should nuclear power or coal become a significant energy source for hydrogen production processes. Should electrolysis become a dominant process for hydrogen production, water availability would be an additional factor in the location of production facilities. Once produced, hydrogen must be transported to markets. A key obstacle to making hydrogen fuel widely available is the scale of expansion needed to serve additional markets. Developing a hydrogen transmission and distribution infrastructure would be one of the challenges to be faced if the United States is to move toward a hydrogen economy. Initial uses of hydrogen are likely to involve a variety of transmission and distribution methods. Smaller users would probably use truck transport, with the hydrogen being in either the liquid or gaseous form. Larger users, however, would likely consider using pipelines. This option would require specially constructed pipelines and the associated infrastructure. Pipeline transmission of hydrogen dates back to late 1930s. These pipelines have generally operated at less than 1,000 pounds per square inch (psi), with a good safety record. Estimates of the existing hydrogen transmission system in the United States range from about 450 to 800 miles. Estimates for Europe range from about 700 to 1,100 miles (Mohipour et al. 2004; Amos 1998). These seemingly large ranges result from using differing criteria in determining pipeline distances. For example, some analysts consider only pipelines above a certain diameter as transmission lines. Others count only those pipelines that transport hydrogen from a producer to a customer (e.g., t

Gillette, J .L.; Kolpa, R. L

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline Segment Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline Segment About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline Segment Overview Intrastate natural gas pipelines operate within State borders and link natural gas producers to local markets and to the interstate pipeline network. Approximately 29 percent of the total miles of natural gas pipeline in the U.S. are intrastate pipelines. Although an intrastate pipeline system is defined as one that operates totally within a State, an intrastate pipeline company may have operations in more than one State. As long as these operations are separate, that is, they do not physically interconnect, they are considered intrastate, and are not jurisdictional to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). More than 90 intrastate natural gas pipelines operate in the lower-48 States.

11

Gas supplies of interstate natural gas pipeline companies 1985  

SciTech Connect

This publication provides information on the total reserves, production, and deliverability capabilities of the 91 interstate pipeline companies. The gas supplies of interstate pipeline companies consist of the certificated, dedicated, recoverable, salable natural gas available from domestic in-the-ground reserves; gas purchased under contracts with other interstate pipeline companies; domestically produced coal gas, liquefied natural gas (LNG), and synthetic natural gas (SNG); and imported natural gas and LNG. The domestic in-the-ground reserves consist of company owned reserves including natural gas in underground storage, reserves dedicated to or warranted under contracts with independent producers, and supplemental or short-term supplies purchased from independent producers and intrastate pipeline companies. To avoid duplicate reporting of domestic in-the-ground reserves, the volumes of gas under contract agreement between jurisdictional pipelines have been excluded in summarizing state and national reserves. Volumes contracted under agreements with foreign suppliers include pipeline imports from Canada and Mexico and LNG from Algeria. 7 figs., 18 tabs.

Not Available

1986-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

12

Gas supplies of interstate natural gas pipeline companies, 1984  

SciTech Connect

This publication provides information on the total reserves, production, and deliverability capabilities of 89 interstate pipeline companies. The gas supplies of interstate pipeline companies consist of the certificated, dedicated, recoverable, salable natural gas available from domestic in-the-ground reserves; gas purchased under contracts with other interstate pipeline companies; domestically produced coal gas, liquefied natural gas (LNG), and synthetic natural gas (SNG); and imported natural gas and LNG. The domestic in-the-ground reserves consist of company-owned reserves including natural gas in underground storage, reserves dedicated to or warranted under contracts with independent producers, and supplemental or short-term supplies purchased from independent producers and intrastate pipeline companies. To avoid duplicate reporting of domestic in-the-ground reserves, the volumes of gas under contract agreement between jurisdictional pipelines have been excluded in summarizing state and national reserves. Volumes contracted under agreements with foreign suppliers include pipeline imports from Canada and Mexico and LNG from Algeria. 8 figs., 18 tabs.

Price, R.

1985-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

13

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Largest Natural Gas Pipeline...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

through 20072008 with selected updates Thirty Largest U.S. Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Systems, 2008 (Ranked by system capacity) Pipeline Name Market Regions Served Primary...

14

Recent market activities of major interstate pipeline companies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In addition to analyzing trends in wellhead purchases over the past year, this study also presents information and analysis of natural gas purchases from other pipeline companies, and sales to several types of customers. Activities of 20 major interstate pipeline companies were analysed in response to market developments over the past 4 years and over the past year in particular. This study includes an analysis of trends in natural gas sales and of the effects of increasing prices since 1979. It includes separate analyses of direct industrial sales, sales to major pipeline companies, and other sales for resale, as well as analyses of the volumes transported for sale to others. It also reports on purchase patterns in general since 1979 and on purchase projection patterns for particular types of gas since 1981. The differing behavior of pipeline companies in purchasing high-cost gas in the current market is also analyzed. (PSB)

Not Available

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Combined Natural Gas Transportation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Combined Natural Gas Transportation Maps Combined Natural Gas Transportation Maps About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network Map of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network Major Natural Gas Supply Basins Relative to Natural Gas Pipeline Transportation Corridors Map of Major Natural Gas Supply Basins Relative to Natural Gas Pipeline Transportation Corridors see related text enlarge see related text enlarge U.S. Regional Breakdown Map of U.S. Regional Breakout States (in Grey) Highly Dependent on Interstate Pipelines for Natural Gas Supplies Map of States (in Grey) Highly Dependent on Interstate Pipelines for Natural Gas Supplies

16

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Largest Natural Gas Pipeline Systems  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Interstate Pipelines Table Interstate Pipelines Table About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Thirty Largest U.S. Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Systems, 2008 (Ranked by system capacity) Pipeline Name Market Regions Served Primary Supply Regions States in Which Pipeline Operates Transported in 2007 (million dekatherm)1 System Capacity (MMcf/d) 2 System Mileage Columbia Gas Transmission Co. Northeast Southwest, Appalachia DE, PA, MD, KY, NC, NJ, NY, OH, VA, WV 1,849 9,350 10,365 Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Co. Northeast, Southeast Southwest AL, GA, LA, MD, MS, NC, NY, SC, TX, VA, GM 2,670 8,466 10,450 Northern Natural Gas Co. Central, Midwest Southwest IA, IL, KS, NE, NM, OK, SD, TX, WI, GM 1,055 7,442 15,874 Texas Eastern Transmission Corp.

17

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Regional Overview and Links  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

based on data through 20072008 with selected updates Regional Overviews and Links to Pipeline Companies Through a series of interconnecting interstate and intrastate pipelines the...

18

Overview of the design, construction, and operation of interstate liquid petroleum pipelines.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. liquid petroleum pipeline industry is large, diverse, and vital to the nation's economy. Comprised of approximately 200,000 miles of pipe in all fifty states, liquid petroleum pipelines carried more than 40 million barrels per day, or 4 trillion barrel-miles, of crude oil and refined products during 2001. That represents about 17% of all freight transported in the United States, yet the cost of doing so amounted to only 2% of the nation's freight bill. Approximately 66% of domestic petroleum transport (by ton-mile) occurs by pipeline, with marine movements accounting for 28% and rail and truck transport making up the balance. In 2004, the movement of crude petroleum by domestic federally regulated pipelines amounted to 599.6 billion tonmiles, while that of petroleum products amounted to 315.9 billion ton-miles (AOPL 2006). As an illustration of the low cost of pipeline transportation, the cost to move a barrel of gasoline from Houston, Texas, to New York Harbor is only 3 cents per gallon, which is a small fraction of the cost of gasoline to consumers. Pipelines may be small or large, up to 48 inches in diameter. Nearly all of the mainline pipe is buried, but other pipeline components such as pump stations are above ground. Some lines are as short as a mile, while others may extend 1,000 miles or more. Some are very simple, connecting a single source to a single destination, while others are very complex, having many sources, destinations, and interconnections. Many pipelines cross one or more state boundaries (interstate), while some are located within a single state (intrastate), and still others operate on the Outer Continental Shelf and may or may not extend into one or more states. U.S. pipelines are located in coastal plains, deserts, Arctic tundra, mountains, and more than a mile beneath the water's surface of the Gulf of Mexico (Rabinow 2004; AOPL 2006). The network of crude oil pipelines in the United States is extensive. There are approximately 55,000 miles of crude oil trunk lines (usually 8 to 24 inches in diameter) in the United States that connect regional markets. The United States also has an estimated 30,000 to 40,000 miles of small gathering lines (usually 2 to 6 inches in diameter) located primarily in Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, and Wyoming, with small systems in a number of other oil producing states. These small lines gather the oil from many wells, both onshore and offshore, and connect to larger trunk lines measuring 8 to 24 inches in diameter. There are approximately 95,000 miles of refined products pipelines nationwide. Refined products pipelines are found in almost every state in the United States, with the exception of some New England states. These refined product pipelines vary in size from relatively small, 8- to 12-inch-diameter lines, to up to 42 inches in diameter. The overview of pipeline design, installation, and operation provided in the following sections is only a cursory treatment. Readers interested in more detailed discussions are invited to consult the myriad engineering publications available that provide such details. The two primary publications on which the following discussions are based are: Oil and Gas Pipeline Fundamentals (Kennedy 1993) and the Pipeline Rules of Thumb Handbook (McAllister 2002). Both are recommended references for additional reading for those requiring additional details. Websites maintained by various pipeline operators also can provide much useful information, as well as links to other sources of information. In particular, the website maintained by the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA) (http://www.eia.doe.gov) is recommended. An excellent bibliography on pipeline standards and practices, including special considerations for pipelines in Arctic climates, has been published jointly by librarians for the Alyeska Pipeline Service Company (operators of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System [TAPS]) and the Geophysical Institute/International Arctic Research Center, both located in Fairbanks (Barboza and Trebelhorn 2001)

Pharris, T. C.; Kolpa, R. L.

2008-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

19

Deliverability on the Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline System  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

pipeline companies are handling the secondary market for The overall scope and content of the report was ... Average Length of Long-Term Firm ...

20

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Natural Gas Pipeline Development &  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipelinesk > Development & Expansion Pipelinesk > Development & Expansion About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipeline Development and Expansion Timing | Determining Market Interest | Expansion Options | Obtaining Approval | Prefiling Process | Approval | Construction | Commissioning Timing and Steps for a New Project An interstate natural gas pipeline construction or expansion project takes an average of about three years from the time it is first announced until the new pipe is placed in service. The project can take longer if it encounters major environmental obstacles or public opposition. A pipeline development or expansion project involves several steps: Determining demand/market interest

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Regulatory Authorities  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Regulatory Authorities Regulatory Authorities About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates U.S. Natural Gas Regulatory Authorities Beginning | Regulations Today | Coordinating Agencies | Regulation of Mergers and Acquisitions Beginning of Industry Restructuring In April 1992, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) issued its Order 636 and transformed the interstate natural gas transportation segment of the industry forever. Under it, interstate natural gas pipeline companies were required to restructure their operations by November 1993 and split-off any non-regulated merchant (sales) functions from their regulated transportation functions. This new requirement meant that interstate natural gas pipeline companies were allowed to only transport natural gas for their customers. The restructuring process and subsequent operations have been supervised closely by FERC and have led to extensive changes throughout the interstate natural gas transportation segment which have impacted other segments of the industry as well.

22

PIPELINES AS COMMUNICATION NETWORK LINKS  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of an investigation into two methods of using the natural gas pipeline as a communication medium. The work addressed the need to develop secure system monitoring and control techniques between the field and control centers and to robotic devices in the pipeline. In the first method, the pipeline was treated as a microwave waveguide. In the second method, the pipe was treated as a leaky feeder or a multi-ground neutral and the signal was directly injected onto the metal pipe. These methods were tested on existing pipeline loops at UMR and Batelle. The results reported in this report indicate the feasibility of both methods. In addition, a few suitable communication link protocols for this network were analyzed.

Kelvin T. Erickson; Ann Miller; E. Keith Stanek; C.H. Wu; Shari Dunn-Norman

2005-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

23

PIPENETa wireless sensor network for pipeline monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

US water utilities are faced with mounting operational and maintenance costs as a result of aging pipeline infrastructures. Leaks and ruptures in water supply pipelines and blockages and overflow events in sewer collectors cost millions of dollars a ... Keywords: Intel mote platforms, pipeline monitoring, water supply systems, wireless sensor networks

Ivan Stoianov; Lama Nachman; Sam Madden; Timur Tokmouline

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Regional Overview and Links  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Overview and Links Overview and Links About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Regional Overviews and Links to Pipeline Companies Through a series of interconnecting interstate and intrastate pipelines the transportation of natural gas from one location to another within the United States has become a relatively seamless operation. While intrastate pipeline systems often transports natural gas from production areas directly to consumers in local markets, it is the interstate pipeline system's long-distance, high-capacity trunklines that supply most of the major natural gas markets in the United States. Of the six geographic regions defined in this analysis, the Southwest Region contains the largest number of individual natural gas pipeline systems (more than 90) and the highest level of pipeline mileage (over 106,000).

25

About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This information product provides the interested reader with a broad and non-technical overview of how the U.S. natural gas pipeline network operates, along with some insights into the many individual pipeline systems that make up the network. While the focus of the presentation is the transportation of natural gas over the interstate and intrastate pipeline systems, information on subjects related to pipeline development, such as system design and pipeline expansion, are also included.

Information Center

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Network Connectivity and Price Convergency: Gas Pipeline Deregulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pipeline tariffs and gas prices were regulated (Mulherin,failed, in equMizing gas prices across the geographicallyNetwork Connectivity and Price Convergence: Gas Pipeline

De Vany, Arthur; Walls, W. David

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Activity based scheduling simulator for product transport using pipeline networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oil companies often rely on scheduling algorithms to increase the throughput of oil derivatives and other products which are transported through pipeline networks. This work presents an architecture for a scheduling simulator for pipeline networks, and ...

Danilo Shibata; Daniel Alfenas; Ricardo Guiraldelli; Marcos R. Pereira-Barretto; Fernando Marcellino

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Natural Gas Pipeline Mileage...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Natural Gas > About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines > Natural Gas Pipeline Mileage by State About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through...

29

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Pipeline Capacity and Utilization  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline Utilization & Capacity Pipeline Utilization & Capacity About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity & Utilization Overview | Utilization Rates | Integration of Storage | Varying Rates of Utilization | Measures of Utilization Overview of Pipeline Utilization Natural gas pipeline companies prefer to operate their systems as close to full capacity as possible to maximize their revenues. However, the average utilization rate (flow relative to design capacity) of a natural gas pipeline system seldom reaches 100%. Factors that contribute to outages include: Scheduled or unscheduled maintenance Temporary decreases in market demand Weather-related limitations to operations

30

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network, 2009 The EIA has determined that the informational map displays here do not raise security concerns, based on the application of ...

31

Expansion of the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network:  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Expansion of the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network: Expansion of the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network: Additions in 2008 and Projects through 2011 This report examines new natural gas pipeline capacity added to the U.S. natural gas pipeline system during 2008. In addition, it discusses and analyzes proposed natural gas pipeline projects that may be developed between 2009 and 2011, and the market factors supporting these initiatives. Questions or comments on this article should be directed to Damien Gaul at damien.gaul@eia.doe.gov or (202) 586-2073. Robust construction of natural gas infrastructure in 2008 resulted in the completion of 84 pipeline projects in the lower 48 States, adding close to 4,000 miles of natural gas pipeline. These completions of new natural gas pipelines and expansions of existing pipelines in the United States

32

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Network Configuration & System Design  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Network Configuration & System Design Network Configuration & System Design About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Network Configuration and System Design Overview | Transmission/Storage | Design Criteria | Importance of Storage| Overall Pipeline System Configuration Overview A principal requirement of the natural gas transmission system is that it be capable of meeting the peak demand of its shippers who have contracts for firm service. To meet this requirement, the facilities developed by the natural gas transmission industry are a combination of transmission pipelines to bring the gas to the market areas and of underground natural gas storage sites and liquefied natural gas (LNG) peaking facilities located in the market areas.

33

Pipelined Encoding for Deterministic and Noisy Relay Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent coding strategies for deterministic and noisy relay networks are related to the pipelining of block Markov encoding. For deterministic networks, it is shown that pipelined encoding improves encoding delay, as opposed to end-to-end delay. For noisy networks, it is observed that decode-and-forward exhibits good rate scaling when the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) increases.

Kramer, Gerhard

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Transporting Natural Gas in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

8 LNG (liquefied natural gas) import facilities and 100 LNG peaking facilities (see map). Learn more about the natural gas pipeline network:

35

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Natural Gas Pipeline ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Natural Gas > About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines > U.S ... The EIA has determined that the informational map displays here do not raise security ...

36

The Oil Network in US:The Oil Network in US: A Closer Look at PipelinesA Closer Look at Pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Oil Network in US:The Oil Network in US: A Closer Look at PipelinesA Closer Look at Pipelines FinopFinop 341341 12/13/200612/13/2006 Tyler CarterTyler Carter MikeMike PescatorePescatore #12;History of Oil Network in USHistory of Oil Network in US Origin of pipelines:Origin of pipelines: WWII: Relied

Nagurney, Anna

37

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Depleted Reservoir ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates

38

Comparing Existing Pipeline Networks with the Potential Scale of Future U.S. CO2 Pipeline Networks  

SciTech Connect

There is growing interest regarding the potential size of a future U.S. dedicated CO2 pipeline infrastructure if carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) technologies are commercially deployed on a large scale. In trying to understand the potential scale of a future national CO2 pipeline network, comparisons are often made to the existing pipeline networks used to deliver natural gas and liquid hydrocarbons to markets within the U.S. This paper assesses the potential scale of the CO2 pipeline system needed under two hypothetical climate policies and compares this to the extant U.S. pipeline infrastructures used to deliver CO2 for enhanced oil recovery (EOR), and to move natural gas and liquid hydrocarbons from areas of production and importation to markets. The data presented here suggest that the need to increase the size of the existing dedicated CO2 pipeline system should not be seen as a significant obstacle for the commercial deployment of CCS technologies.

Dooley, James J.; Dahowski, Robert T.; Davidson, Casie L.

2008-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

39

Using Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Costs to Estimate Hydrogen Pipeline Costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Warren R. “U.S. interstate pipelines begin 1993 on upbeat. ”66. ? True, Warren R. “Current pipeline costs. ” Oil & GasWarren R. “U.S. interstate pipelines ran more efficiently in

Parker, Nathan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Underground Natural Gas Storage  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Storage Storage About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Underground Natural Gas Storage Overview | Regional Breakdowns Overview Underground natural gas storage provides pipelines, local distribution companies, producers, and pipeline shippers with an inventory management tool, seasonal supply backup, and access to natural gas needed to avoid imbalances between receipts and deliveries on a pipeline network. There are three principal types of underground storage sites used in the United States today. They are: · depleted natural gas or oil fields (326), · aquifers (43), or · salt caverns (31). In a few cases mine caverns have been used. Most underground storage facilities, 82 percent at the beginning of 2008, were created from reservoirs located in depleted natural gas production fields that were relatively easy to convert to storage service, and that were often close to consumption centers and existing natural gas pipeline systems.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Pipeline Construction Guidelines (Indiana)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This division of the Utility Regulatory Commission regulates the construction of any segment of an interstate pipeline on privately owned land in Indiana. The division has provisions for...

42

Mobile sensor network to monitor wastewater collection pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced pipeline monitoringDesign of mobile pipeline floating sensor “SewerSnortIllustration of mobile pipeline floating sensor monitoring

Lim, Jungsoo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Complexity analysis of pipeline mapping problems in distributed heterogeneous networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Largescale scientific applications require using various system resources to execute complex computing pipelines in distributed networks to support collaborative research. System resources are typically shared in the Internet or over dedicated connections based on their location, availability, capability, and capacity. Optimizing the network performance of computing pipelines in such distributed environments is critical to the success of these applications. We consider two types of largescale distributed applications: (1) interactive applications where a single dataset is sequentially processed along a pipeline; and (2) streaming applications where a series of datasets continuously flow through a pipeline. The computing pipelines of these applications consist of a number of modules executed in a linear order in network environments with heterogeneous resources under different constraints. Our goal is to find an efficient mapping scheme that allocates the modules of a pipeline to network nodes for minimum endtoend delay or maximum frame rate. We formulate the pipeline mappings in distributed environments as optimization problems and categorize them into six classes with different optimization goals and mapping constraints: (1) Minimum Endtoend Delay with No Node Reuse (MEDNNR), (2) Minimum Endtoend Delay with Contiguous Node Reuse (MEDCNR), (3) Minimum Endtoend Delay with Arbitrary Node Reuse (MEDANR), (4) Maximum Frame Rate with No Node Reuse or Share (MFRNNRS), (5) Maximum Frame Rate with Contiguous Node Reuse and Share (MFRCNRS), and (6) Maximum Frame Rate with Arbitrary Node Reuse and Share (MFRANRS). Here, 'contiguous node reuse' means that multiple contiguous modules along the pipeline may run on the same node and 'arbitrary node reuse' imposes no restriction on node reuse. Note that in interactive applications, a node can be reused but its resource is not shared. We prove that MEDANR is polynomially solvable and the rest are NP-complete. MEDANR, where either contiguous or noncontiguous modules in the pipeline can be mapped onto the same node, is essentially the Maximum n-hop Shortest Path problem, and can be solved using a dynamic programming method. In MEDNNR and MFRNNRS, any network node can be used only once, which requires selecting the same number of nodes for onetoone onto mapping. We show its NP-completeness by reducing from the Hamiltonian Path problem. Node reuse is allowed in MEDCNR, MFRCNRS and MFRANRS, which are similar to the Maximum n-hop Shortest Path problem that considers resource sharing. We prove their NP-completeness by reducing from the Disjoint-Connecting-Path Problem and Widest path with the Linear Capacity Constraints problem, respectively.

Lin, Ying [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Wu, Qishi [ORNL; Zhu, Mengxia [ORNL; Rao, Nageswara S [ORNL

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Midwest Region  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Pipelines in the Midwest Region Overview | Domestic Gas | Canadian Imports | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links. Overview Twenty-six interstate and at ...

45

Localized Pipeline Encroachment Detector System Using Sensor Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detection of encroachment on pipeline right-of-way is important for pipeline safety. An effective system can provide on-time warning while reducing the probability of false alarms. There are a number of industry and academic developments to tackle this problem. This thesis is the first to study the use of a wireless sensor network for pipeline right-of-way encroachment detection. In the proposed method, each sensor node in the network is responsible for detecting and transmitting vibration signals caused by encroachment activities to a base station (computer center). The base station monitors and analyzes the signals. If an encroachment activity is detected, the base station will send a warning signal. We describe such a platform with hardware configuration and software controls, and the results demonstrate that the platform is able to report our preliminary experiments in detecting digging activities by a tiller in the natural and automotive noise.

Ou, Xiaoxi 1986-

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Regional Definitions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Definitions Map Definitions Map About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Regional Definitions The regions defined in the above map are based upon the 10 Federal Regions of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The State groupings are as follows: Northeast Region - Federal Region 1: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Federal Region 2: New Jersey, and New York. Federal Region 3:Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. Southeast Region - Federal Region 4: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee. Midwest Region - Federal Region 5: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and

47

Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

This study assesses the potential to deliver hydrogen through the existing natural gas pipeline network as a hydrogen and natural gas mixture to defray the cost of building dedicated hydrogen pipeline

48

Survey Focal design issues affecting the deployment of wireless sensor networks for pipeline monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are a target technology for oil and gas pipeline monitoring because they offer benefits of low cost, ease of deployment and ability to cater for data acquisition at great spatial and temporal scales. In order for WSN to ... Keywords: Energy harvesting, Localization, Network reliability, Oil and gas pipeline monitoring, Power efficiency, Sensing modality, Wireless sensor networks

Gbenga Owojaiye; Yichuang Sun

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Model relaxations for the fuel cost minimization of steady-state gas pipeline networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural gas, driven by pressure, is transported through pipeline network systems. As the gas flows through the network, energy and pressure are lost due to both friction between the gas and the pipes' inner wall, and heat transfer between the gas and ... Keywords: Compressor stations, Lower bounds, Natural gas, Nonconvex objective, Pipelines, Steady state, Transmission networks

Suming Wu; R. Z. Ríos-Mercado; E. A. Boyd; L. R. Scott

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

An optimal leakage detection strategy for underground pipelines using magnetic induction-based sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is difficult to detect small leakages in underground pipelines with high accuracy and low-energy cost due to the inaccessible underground environments. To this end, the Magnetic Induction (MI)-based wireless sensor network for underground pipeline ... Keywords: deployment and activation of sensors, energy consumption, estimation accuracy, leakage detection and localization, underground pipelines

Xin Tan, Zhi Sun

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues  

SciTech Connect

The United States has 11 distinct natural gas pipeline corridors: five originate in the Southwest, four deliver natural gas from Canada, and two extend from the Rocky Mountain region. This study assesses the potential to deliver hydrogen through the existing natural gas pipeline network as a hydrogen and natural gas mixture to defray the cost of building dedicated hydrogen pipelines.

Melaina, M. W.; Antonia, O.; Penev, M.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

TASSEL 3.0 Universal Network Enabled Analysis Kit (UNEAK) pipeline documentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 TASSEL 3.0 Universal Network Enabled Analysis Kit (UNEAK) pipeline documentation Authors: Fei Lu.............................................................................................................................. 8 Introduction The UNEAK is the non-reference Genotyping by Sequencing (GBS) SNP calling pipeline the command line in the following format (Linux or Mac operating system; for Windows use run_pipeline

Buckler, Edward S.

53

Developing a PC-Based GIS for the North American Natural Gas Pipeline Network  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Natural Gas Pipeline Network (September 22-25, 1997)Conference of European StatisticiansBrighton, United KingdomAUTHOR: James Tobin

Information Center

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Mobile sensor network to monitor wastewater collection pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

we divide the pipeline in equal length segment(i.e. 10we divide the pipeline into segments with equal length (i.e.

Lim, Jungsoo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Generalized Natural Gas...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Gas based on data through 20072008 with selected updates Generalized Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity Design Schematic Generalized Natural Gas Pipeline Capcity Design Schematic...

56

Decision of optimal scheduling scheme for gas field pipeline network based on hybrid genetic algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mathematical model of optimal scheduling scheme for natural gas pipeline network is established, which takes minimal annual operating cost of compressor stations as objective function after comprehensively considering the resources of gas field, operating ... Keywords: differential evolution algorithm, genetic algorithm, natural gas pipeline network, optimization, scheduling scheme

Wu Liu; Min Li; Yi Liu; Yuan Xu; Xinglan Yang

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Technical-Economic Calculation of Gas Pipeline Network Based on Value Engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By technical-economic calculation of the gas pipeline network, the economic diameter can be determined and the project investment can be saved. According to the principle of value engineering, a mathematical model is constructed for technical-economic ... Keywords: value engineering, gas pipeline network, function analysis, technical-economic calculation

Liu Jiayou; Zhao Yanxin

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Major Natural Gas Transportation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Natural Gas Transportation Corridors Natural Gas Transportation Corridors About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Major Natural Gas Transportation Corridors Corridors from the Southwest | From Canada | From Rocky Mountain Area | Details about Transportation Corridors The national natural gas delivery network is intricate and expansive, but most of the major transportation routes can be broadly categorized into 11 distinct corridors or flow patterns. 5 major routes extend from the producing areas of the Southwest 4 routes enter the United States from Canada 2 originate in the Rocky Mountain area. A summary of the major corridors and links to details about each corridor are provided below. Corridors from the Southwest Region

59

Network Connectivity and Price Convergency: Gas Pipeline Deregulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 and length 2 between the vertices of the pipeline networkor.i length two’paths. By 1988, most of the pipelines werepipelines, the number of vertices connected by at l~ast one path of length

De Vany, Arthur; Walls, W. David

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Regional/State ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Salt Cavern Storage ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates

62

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Aquifer Storage Reservoir ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates

63

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Natural Gas Supply Basins ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates

64

Expansion of the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Additions in 2008 and Projects through 2011 - This report examines new natural gas pipeline capacity added to the U.S. natural gas pipeline system during 2008. In addition, it discusses and analyzes proposed natural gas pipeline projects that may be developed between 2009 and 2011, and the market factors supporting these initiatives.

Information Center

2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

65

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Natural Gas Imports/Exports Pipelines  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipelines Pipelines About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Import/Export Pipelines As of the close of 2008 the United States has 58 locations where natural gas can be exported or imported. 24 locations are for imports only 18 locations are for exports only 13 locations are for both imports and exports 8 locations are liquefied natural gas (LNG) import facilities Imported natural gas in 2007 represented almost 16 percent of the gas consumed in the United States annually, compared with 11 percent just 12 years ago. Forty-eight natural gas pipelines, representing approximately 28 billion cubic feet (Bcf) per day of capacity, import and export natural gas between the United States and Canada or Mexico.

66

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Natural Gas Transmission...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Transmission Path Diagram About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 20072008 with selected updates Natural Gas Transmission Path Natural...

67

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Natural Gas Market Centers...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Corridors, 2009 DCP DCP Midstream Partners LP; EPGT Enterprise Products Texas Pipeline Company. Note: The relative widths of the various transportation corridors are based...

68

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Region To Region System ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Natural Gas > About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines ... The EIA has determined that the informational map displays here do not raise security ...

69

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Natural Gas Import/Export ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Natural Gas > About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines > Natural ... The EIA has determined that the informational map displays here do not raise security ...

70

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Expansion Process Flow Diagram  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Natural Gas based on data through 20072008 with selected updates Development and Expansion Process For Natural Gas Pipeline Projects Figure showing the expansion process...

71

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Natural Gas Transportation...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Corridors > Major U.S. Natural Gas Transportation Corridors Map About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 20072008 with selected updates...

72

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Aquifer Storage Reservoir...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Aquifer Storage Reservoir Configuration About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 20072008 with selected updates Aquifer Underground...

73

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Depleted Reservoir Storage...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Depleted Reservoir Storage Configuration About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 20072008 with selected updates Depleted Production...

74

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Links to U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Links Links About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Links to U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Information - The links below will either direct the user to a narrative describing the system, a pipeline system map, a FERC prescribed "Informational Postings" page, or a FERC Tariff Sheet. Pipeline Name Type of System Regions of Operations Acadian Gas Pipeline System Intrastate Southwest Algonquin Gas Transmission Co Interstate Northeast Alliance Pipeline Co Interstate Central, Midwest Anaconda Pipeline System Gathering Gulf of Mexico ANR Pipeline Co Interstate Midwest ANR Storage Co Interstate Midwest Arkansas Oklahoma Gas Co Intrastate Southwest Arkansas Western Pipeline Co Intrastate

75

A Wireless Sensor Network for Pipeline Monitoring Ivan Stoianov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

operational and maintenance costs as a result of aging pipeline infrastructures. Leaks and ruptures in water is a non-trivial task, because of the scale and age of the pipeline infrastructure and lack of operational Tokmouline MIT CSAIL {smadden, timurt}@mit.edu ABSTRACT US water utilities are faced with mounting

76

Expansion and Change on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network 2002  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Expansion and Change on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network 2002 Expansion and Change on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network 2002 EIA Home > Natural Gas > Natural Gas Analysis Publications Expansion and Change on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network 2002 Printer-Friendly Version Expansion and Change on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network - 2002 Text Box: This special report looks at the level of new capacity added to the national natural gas pipeline network in 2002 and the current capability of that network to transport supplies from production areas to U.S. markets. In addition, it examines the amount of additional capacity proposed for development during the next several years and to what degree various proposed projects will improve the deliverability of natural gas to key market areas. Questions or comments on the contents of this article should be directed to James Tobin at james.tobin@eia.doe.gov or (202) 586-4835. james.tobin@eia.doe.gov

77

Comparing Existing Pipeline Networks with the Potential Scale of Future U.S. CO2 Pipeline Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is growing interest regarding the potential size of a future U.S. dedicated carbon dioxide (CO2) pipeline infrastructure if carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) technologies are commercially deployed on a large scale within the United States. This paper assesses the potential scale of the CO2 pipeline system needed under two hypothetical climate policies (so called WRE450 and WRE550 stabilization scenarios) and compares this to the extant U.S. pipeline infrastructures used to deliver CO2 for enhanced oil recovery (EOR), and to move natural gas and liquid hydrocarbons from areas of production and importation to markets. The analysis reveals that between 11,000 and 23,000 additional miles of dedicated CO2 pipeline might be needed in the U.S. before 2050 across these two cases. While that is a significant increase over the 3,900 miles that comprise the existing national CO2 pipeline infrastructure, it is critically important to realize that the demand for additional CO2 pipeline capacity will unfold relatively slowly and in a geographically dispersed manner as new dedicated CCS-enabled power plants and industrial facilities are brought online. During the period 2010-2030, the growth in the CO2 pipeline system is on the order of a few hundred to less than a thousand miles per year. In comparison during the period 1950-2000, the U.S. natural gas pipeline distribution system grew at rates that far exceed these projections in growth in a future dedicated CO2 pipeline system. This analysis indicates that the need to increase the size of the existing dedicated CO2 pipeline system should not be seen as a major obstacle for the commercial deployment of CCS technologies in the U.S. Nevertheless, there will undoubtedly be some associated regulatory and siting issues to work through but these issues should not be unmanageable based on the size of infrastructure requirements alone.

Dooley, James J.; Dahowski, Robert T.; Davidson, Casie L.

2009-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

78

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Southwest Region  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Southwest Region Southwest Region About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipelines in the Southwest Region Overview | Export Transportation | Intrastate | Connection to Gulf of Mexico | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links Overview Most of the major onshore interstate natural gas pipeline companies (see Table below) operating in the Southwest Region (Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas) are primarily exporters of the region's natural gas production to other parts of the country and Mexico, while an extensive Gulf of Mexico and intrastate natural gas pipeline network is the main conduit for deliveries within the region. More than 56,000 miles of natural gas pipeline on more than 66 intrastate natural gas pipeline systems (including offshore-to-onshore and offshore Gulf of Mexico pipelines) deliver natural gas to the region's local natural gas distribution companies and municipalities and to the many large industrial and electric power facilities located in the region.

79

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Natural Gas Supply Basins...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

with selected updates U.S. Natural Gas Supply Basins Relative to Major Natural Gas Pipeline Transportation Corridors, 2008 U.S. Natural Gas Transporation Corridors out of Major...

80

A micro-genetic algorithm for multi-objective scheduling of a real world pipeline network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The scheduling of activities to transport oil derivative products through a pipe network is a complex combinatorial problem that presents a hard computational solution. During the scheduling horizon, many batches are pumped from (or pass through) different ... Keywords: Micro-genetic algorithm, Multi-objective optimization, Pipeline network, Scheduling

Paulo Cesar Ribas; Lia Yamamoto; Helton Luis Polli; L. V. R. Arruda; Flavio Neves-Jr

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Transportation Process & Flow  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Process and Flow Process and Flow About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Transportation Process and Flow Overview | Gathering System | Processing Plant | Transmission Grid | Market Centers/Hubs | Underground Storage | Peak Shaving Overview Transporting natural gas from the wellhead to the final customer involves several physical transfers of custody and multiple processing steps. A natural gas pipeline system begins at the natural gas producing well or field. Once the gas leaves the producing well, a pipeline gathering system directs the flow either to a natural gas processing plant or directly to the mainline transmission grid, depending upon the initial quality of the wellhead product.

82

Estimated 2000 Interregional Pipeline Capacity and 1999 Average Flows  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... the nation's natural gas interstate pipeline infrastructure appears more than adequate to meet the differing regional market demand requirements that are likely ...

83

Natural gas pipeline technology overview.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The United States relies on natural gas for one-quarter of its energy needs. In 2001 alone, the nation consumed 21.5 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. A large portion of natural gas pipeline capacity within the United States is directed from major production areas in Texas and Louisiana, Wyoming, and other states to markets in the western, eastern, and midwestern regions of the country. In the past 10 years, increasing levels of gas from Canada have also been brought into these markets (EIA 2007). The United States has several major natural gas production basins and an extensive natural gas pipeline network, with almost 95% of U.S. natural gas imports coming from Canada. At present, the gas pipeline infrastructure is more developed between Canada and the United States than between Mexico and the United States. Gas flows from Canada to the United States through several major pipelines feeding U.S. markets in the Midwest, Northeast, Pacific Northwest, and California. Some key examples are the Alliance Pipeline, the Northern Border Pipeline, the Maritimes & Northeast Pipeline, the TransCanada Pipeline System, and Westcoast Energy pipelines. Major connections join Texas and northeastern Mexico, with additional connections to Arizona and between California and Baja California, Mexico (INGAA 2007). Of the natural gas consumed in the United States, 85% is produced domestically. Figure 1.1-1 shows the complex North American natural gas network. The pipeline transmission system--the 'interstate highway' for natural gas--consists of 180,000 miles of high-strength steel pipe varying in diameter, normally between 30 and 36 inches in diameter. The primary function of the transmission pipeline company is to move huge amounts of natural gas thousands of miles from producing regions to local natural gas utility delivery points. These delivery points, called 'city gate stations', are usually owned by distribution companies, although some are owned by transmission companies. Compressor stations at required distances boost the pressure that is lost through friction as the gas moves through the steel pipes (EPA 2000). The natural gas system is generally described in terms of production, processing and purification, transmission and storage, and distribution (NaturalGas.org 2004b). Figure 1.1-2 shows a schematic of the system through transmission. This report focuses on the transmission pipeline, compressor stations, and city gates.

Folga, S. M.; Decision and Information Sciences

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Northeast Region  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Northeast Region Northeast Region About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipelines in the Northeast Region Overview | Domestic Gas | Canadian Imports | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links Overview Twenty interstate natural gas pipeline systems operate within the Northeast Region (Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Virginia, and West Virginia). These interstate pipelines deliver natural gas to several intrastate natural gas pipelines and at least 50 local distribution companies in the region. In addition, they also serve large industrial concerns and, increasingly, natural gas fired electric power generation facilities.

85

The geological disasters defense expert system of the massive pipeline network SCADA system based on FNN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The SCADA system plays an important role in monitoring the long distance operation of mass pipeline network, which may experience huge damage due to landslides geological hazards. It is critical to detect the deformation and displacement of rock to forecast ... Keywords: FNN, SCADA system, TDR, expert system, geologic hazard

Xiedong Cao; Cundang Wei; Jie Li; Li Yang; Dan Zhang; Gang Tang

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

An analysis pipeline for the inferenceof protein-protein interaction networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an integrated platform that is used for the reconstruction and analysis of protein-protein interaction networks inferred from Mass Spectrometry (MS) bait-prey experiment data. At the heart of this pipeline is the Software Environment for Biological Network Inference (SEBINI), an interactive environment for the deployment and testing of network inference algorithms that use high-throughput data. Among the many algorithms available in SEBINI is the Bayesian Estimator of Probabilities of Protein-Protein Associations (BEPro3) algorithm, which is used to infer interaction networks from such MS affinity isolation data. For integration, comparison and analysis of the inferred protein-protein interactions with interaction evidence obtained from multiple public sources, the pipeline connects to the Collective Analysis of Biological Interaction Networks (CABIN) software. Incorporating BEPro3 into SEBINI and automatically feeding the resulting inferred network into CABIN, we have created a structured workflow for protein-protein network inference and supplemental analysis from sets of MS bait-prey experiments.

Taylor, Ronald C. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Singhal, Mudita [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Daly, Don S. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Gilmore, Jason [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Cannon, Bill [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Domico, Kelly [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); White, Amanda M. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Auberry, Deanna L [ORNL; Auberry, Kenneth J [ORNL; Hooker, Brian [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Hurst, Gregory {Greg} B [ORNL; McDermott, Jason [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); McDonald, W Hayes [ORNL; Pelletier, Dale A [ORNL; Schmoyer, Denise D [ORNL; Wiley, Steven [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

be introduced into the network. This would be an issue in cases where the hydrogen production system does not produce pure hydrogen. In most research programs, the focus of...

88

Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Blending Hydrogen into Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues M. W. Melaina, O. Antonia, and M. Penev Technical Report NREL/TP-5600-51995 March 2013 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues M. W. Melaina, O. Antonia, and M. Penev Prepared under Task No. HT12.2010 Technical Report NREL/TP-5600-51995 March 2013 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

89

SWATS: Wireless sensor networks for steamflood and waterflood pipeline monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

State-of-the-art anomaly detection systems deployed in oilfields are expensive, not scalable to a large number of sensors, require manual operation, and provide data with a long delay. To overcome these problems, we design a wireless sensor network system ...

Sunhee Yoon; Wei Ye; J. Heidemann; B. Littlefield; C. Shahabi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

A Computational Approach to the Real Option Management of Network Contracts for Natural Gas Pipeline Transport Capacity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Commodity merchants use real option models to manage their operations. A central element of such a model is its underlying operating policy. We focus on network contracts for the transport capacity of natural gas pipelines, specific energy conversion ... Keywords: Monte Carlo simulation, capacity valuation, commodity and energy conversion assets, energy-related operations, heuristics, math programming, natural gas pipelines, operations management practice, operations management/finance interface, petroleum/natural gas industries, real options, sensitivities, spread options

Nicola Secomandi; Mulan X. Wang

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Additions to Capacity on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network: 2005  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

percent increase in capacity additions (see percent increase in capacity additions (see Box, "Capacity Measures," p. 4). Indeed, less new natural gas pipeline mileage was added in 2005 than in any year during the past decade. 1 Energy Information Administration, Office of Oil and Gas, August 2006 1 In 2005, at least 31 natural gas pipeline projects of varying profiles 2 were completed in the lower 48 States and the Gulf of Mexico (Figure 3, Table 1). Of these, 15 were expansions (increases in capacity) on existing natural gas pipelines while the other 16 were 9 system extensions or laterals associated with existing natural gas pipelines, 5 new natural gas pipeline systems, and 2 oil pipeline conversions. Expenditures for natural gas pipeline development amounted to less than $1.3

92

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Southeast Region  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Southeast Region Southeast Region About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipelines in the Southeast Region Overview | Transportation to Atlantic & Gulf States | Gulf of Mexico Transportation Corridor | Transportation to the Northern Tier | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links Overview Twenty-three interstate, and at least eight intrastate, natural gas pipeline companies operate within the Southeast Region (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee). Fifteen of the twenty-one interstate natural gas pipelines originate in the Southwest Region and receive most of their supplies from the Gulf of Mexico or from the States of Texas and/or Louisiana.

93

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Central Region  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Central Region Central Region About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipelines in the Central Region Overview | Domestic Gas | Exports | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links Overview Twenty-two interstate and at least thirteen intrastate natural gas pipeline companies (see Table below) operate in the Central Region (Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming). Twelve interstate natural gas pipeline systems enter the region from the south and east while four enter from the north carrying Canadian supplies. The average utilization rates on those shipping Canadian natural gas tend to be higher than those carrying domestic supplies.

94

Additions to Capacity on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network: 2007  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Information Administration, Office of Oil and Gas, July 2008 1 U.S. natural gas pipeline construction activity accelerated in 2007 with capacity additions to the grid totaling nearly 14.9 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of daily deliverability (Figure 1). These additions were the largest of any year in the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) 10-year database of pipeline construction activity. The increased level of natural gas pipeline construction activity in 2007 conformed to a growth trend that began slowly in 2005 and intensified in 2006. In 2007, about 1,700 miles of pipeline were installed, which was greater than in any year since 2003 (Figure 2). The expansion cycle for natural gas pipeline construction is occurring at the same time as the development of the

95

Additions to Capacity on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network: 2007  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Information Administration, Office of Oil and Gas, July 2008 1 U.S. natural gas pipeline construction activity accelerated in 2007 with capacity additions to the grid totaling nearly 14.9 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of daily deliverability (Figure 1). These additions were the largest of any year in the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) 10-year database of pipeline construction activity. The increased level of natural gas pipeline construction activity in 2007 conformed to a growth trend that began slowly in 2005 and intensified in 2006. In 2007, about 1,700 miles of pipeline were installed, which was greater than in any year since 2003 (Figure 2). The expansion cycle for natural gas pipeline construction is occurring at the same time as the development of the

96

Corporate Realignments and Investments in the Interstate Natural Gas Transmission System  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Examines the financial characteristics of current ownership in the natural gas pipeline industry and of the major U.S. interstate pipeline companies that transported the bulk of the natural gas consumed in the United States between 1992 and 1997, focusing on 14 parent corporations. It also examines the near-term investment needs of the industry and the anticipated growth in demand for natural gas during the next decade.

Information Center

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Competition and Prices in the Deregulated Gas Pipeline Network: A Multivariate Cointegration Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of spot markets located on NGPL’s pipeline system in fiveI-Iouston/Katy Florida Gas NGPL Tennessee Texas EasternNorth Texas--Paahandle ANl~ NGPL Northern Panhandle Eastern

Walls, W. David

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Natural Gas Import/Export Locations  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipelines > Import/Export Location List Pipelines > Import/Export Location List About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Currently, there are 58 locations at which natural gas can be exported or imported into the United States, including 9 LNG (liquefied natural gas) facilities in the continental United States and Alaska (There is a tenth U.S. LNG import facility located in Puerto Rico). At 28 of these locations natural gas or LNG currently can only be imported; while at 17 they may only be exported (1 LNG export facility is located in Alaska). At 13 of the 58 locations natural gas may, and sometimes does, flow in both directions, although at each of these sites the flow is primarily either import or export.

99

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Western Region  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Western Region Western Region About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipelines in the Western Region Overview | Transportation South | Transportation North | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links Overview Ten interstate and nine intrastate natural gas pipeline companies provide transportation services to and within the Western Region (Arizona, California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington), the fewest number serving any region (see Table below). Slightly more than half the capacity entering the region is on natural gas pipeline systems that carry natural gas from the Rocky Mountain area and the Permian and San Juan basins. These latter systems enter the region at the New Mexico-Arizona and Nevada-Utah State lines. The rest of the capacity arrives on natural gas pipelines that access Canadian natural gas at the Idaho and Washington State border crossings with British Columbia, Canada.

100

Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the Northeast United States - November 2013 Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the Northeast United States - November 2013 In 2005-06, the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) conducted a study on the adequacy of interstate natural gas pipeline capacity serving the northeastern United States to meet natural gas demand in the event of a pipeline disruption. The study modeled gas demand for select market areas in the Northeast under a range of different weather conditions. The study then determined how interstate pipeline flow patterns could change in the event of a pipeline disruption to one or more of the pipelines serving the region in order to meet the gas demand. The results

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

In Natural Gas Pipelines, NIST Goes with the Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... flows from producers to consumers through a complex pipeline network totaling ... pressures an order of magnitude smaller than pipelines used in ...

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Pipeline Safety Program he Oak Ridge National  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

miles of natural gas and hazardous liquid pipelines. To assist PHMSA accomplish this mission, ORNL Analysis Transportation Decision Support Systems Transportation Network Routing Models Natural gas pipeline operators in accordance with the following Federal pipeline safety regulations 49 CFR 192 - Gas Pipelines

103

Interstate Mining Compact (Maryland) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Interstate Mining Compact (Maryland) Interstate Mining Compact (Maryland) < Back Eligibility Commercial Developer Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Maryland Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Interstate Mining Compact Commission This legislation authorizes the state's entrance into the Interstate Mining Compact, a multi-state governmental agency / organization that represents the natural resource and related environmental protection interests of its member states. Currently, 23 states are members to the compact, and 6 additional states are associate members. The compact is administered by the Interstate Mining Compact Commission, which does not possess regulatory

104

Pipeline Safety  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pipeline Safety. Summary: Our goal is to provide standard test methods and critical data to the pipeline industry to improve safety and reliability. ...

2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

105

A hybrid meta-heuristic approach for natural gas pipeline network optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose a hybrid heuristic solution procedure for fuel cost minimization on gas transmission systems with a cyclic network topology, that is, networks with at least one cycle containing two or more compressor station arcs. Our heuristic ... Keywords: dynamic programming, natural gas, non-convex problem, steady state, tabu search, transmission networks

Conrado Borraz-Sánchez; Roger Z. Ríos-Mercado

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Strategy for the Integration of Hydrogen as a Vehicle Fuel into the Existing Natural Gas Vehicle Fueling Infrastructure of the Interstate Clean Transportation Corridor Project: 22 April 2004--31 August 2005  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Evaluates opportunities to integrate hydrogen into the fueling stations of the Interstate Clean Transportation Corridor--an existing network of LNG fueling stations in California and Nevada.

Gladstein, Neandross and Associates

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Regional/State Underground Natural Gas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Regional/State Underground Natural Gas Storage Table Regional/State Underground Natural Gas Storage Table About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Regional Underground Natural Gas Storage, Close of 2007 Depleted-Reservoir Storage Aquifer Storage Salt-Cavern Storage Total Region/ State # of Sites Working Gas Capacity (Bcf) Daily Withdrawal Capability (MMcf) # of Sites Working Gas Capacity (Bcf) Daily Withdrawal Capability (MMcf) # of Sites Working Gas Capacity (Bcf) Daily Withdrawal Capability (MMcf) # of Sites Working Gas Capacity (Bcf) Daily Withdrawal Capability (MMcf) Central Region Colorado 8 42 1,088 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 42 1,088 Iowa 0 0 0 4 77 1,060 0 0 0 4 77 1,060

108

Emerging Issues for Interstate Transportation Market  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Emerging Issues for Interstate Transportation Market. ... How, when or will the pricing structure change from cost of service rates to market based rates?

109

Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (multi-state) Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (multi-state) Eligibility...

110

Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management (Multiple States) Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management (Multiple States)...

111

Atlantic Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Atlantic Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (South Carolina) Atlantic Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (South Carolina) Eligibility...

112

EAC Recommendations for DOE Action Regarding the CSG Interstate...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the CSG Interstate Transmission Siting Compact - June 6, 2013 EAC Recommendations for DOE Action Regarding the CSG Interstate Transmission Siting Compact - June 6, 2013 EAC...

113

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Other Agencies You are here Home Savings Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Alliant Energy Interstate Power and...

114

Deliverability on the Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline System  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Monthly May 1998 vii The following article is the Executive Summary from the recently published report Deliverability ...

115

Natural Gas Compressor Stations on the Interstate Pipeline ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

facilities, emergency shutdown systems, and an on-site computerized flow control and dispatch system that maintains the operational integrity of the ...

116

Pipeline Morphing and Virtual Pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pipeline morphing is a simple but effectivetechnique for reconfiguring pipelined FPGA designs at run time. By overlapping computation and reconfiguration, the latency associated with emptying and refilling a pipeline can be avoided. Weshowhow morphing can be applied to linear and mesh pipelines at both word-level and bit-level, and explain how this method can be implemented using Xilinx 6200 FPGAs. We also present an approach using morphing to map a large virtual pipeline onto a small physical pipeline, and the trade-offs involved are discussed.

W. Luk; N. Shirazi; S. R. Guo; P. Y. K. Cheung

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Economic Nonlinear Model Predictive Control for the Optimization of Gas Pipeline Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

% Electric power generation. Wide scope for optimization 1 Production - Well placement to maximize recovery, production scheduling. Transportation - Network design, compressor location, fuel usage minimization Market Electricity Pricing Electricity Pricing Compressors can run either by 7 Combustion of a part of the natural

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

118

Pipeline constraints in wholesale natural gas markets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Natural gas markets in the United States depend on an extensive network of pipelines to transport gas from production fields to end users. While these… (more)

Avalos, Roger George.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Natural Gas Pipeline and System Expansions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Monthly April 1997 vii This special report examines recent expansions to the North American natural gas pipeline network

120

Acoustic system for communication in pipelines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for communication in a pipe, or pipeline, or network of pipes containing a fluid. The system includes an encoding and transmitting sub-system connected to the pipe, or pipeline, or network of pipes that transmits a signal in the frequency range of 3-100 kHz into the pipe, or pipeline, or network of pipes containing a fluid, and a receiver and processor sub-system connected to the pipe, or pipeline, or network of pipes containing a fluid that receives said signal and uses said signal for a desired application.

Martin, II, Louis Peter (San Ramon, CA); Cooper, John F. (Oakland, CA)

2008-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF RISK FACTORS AFFECTING TRANSPORTATION OF NATURAL GAS USING PIPELINES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the United States today, there are thousands of miles, long grids and networks of pipelines conveying natural gas across the nation. Recent pipeline leaks… (more)

Uzoh, Chukwuma

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

3. Deliverability on the Interstate Network  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

nondiscriminatory transporters and mandated open access to ... independent operators are linked to natural gas ... occurred on the Texas Eastern Transmission system as

123

Competition in a Network of Markets: The Natural Gas Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Growth in Unbundled Natural Gas Transportation Services:Purchasesby Interstate Natural Gas Pipelines Companies,1987.U.S. GPO, 1988. . Natural Gas Monthly. WashingtonD.C. : U.S.

Walls, W. David

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin (Multiple States) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin (Multiple States) Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin (Multiple States) Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin (Multiple States) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin The Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin's (ICPRB) mission is to enhance, protect, and conserve the water and associated land resources of the Potomac River and its tributaries through regional and interstate

125

Pipeline ADC Design Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scaling vs. R. Figure 4.8 Pipeline ADC Structures. Figure2.4 A Pipelined ADC. Figure 3.1 Pipeline ADC Transfer Curve.Modes (b) data latency in pipeline ADC Figure 3.3 Detailed

Zhao, Hui

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

NIST MSQC Pipeline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST MSQC Pipeline. Software for Monitoring LC-MS Performance. ... Installation Instructions. 1. Download the latest NIST MSQC Pipeline release. ...

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

127

Western Interstate Nuclear Compact State Nuclear Policy (Multiple States) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Western Interstate Nuclear Compact State Nuclear Policy (Multiple Western Interstate Nuclear Compact State Nuclear Policy (Multiple States) Western Interstate Nuclear Compact State Nuclear Policy (Multiple States) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor Industrial Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Arizona Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Western Interstate Energy Board Legislation authorizes states' entrance into the Western Interstate Nuclear Compact, which aims to undertake the cooperation of participating states in

128

Report of the Committee on Oil Pipeline Regulation  

SciTech Connect

As described in this report, the past year has seen several significant developments in the field of oil pipeline regulation. Foremost among those developments was the passage of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 which, among other things, requires substantial reforms in the way that the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) regulates oil pipelines. Other 1992 legislative developments include the amendment and reauthorization of the Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Safety Act of 1979 (HLPSA). The amendments, implemented pursuant to the Pipeline Safety Act of 1992, impose additional pipeline inspection and reporting duties upon the Department of Transportation (DOT). On the administrative front, the FERC issued its Policy Statement on Incentive Regulation, which establishes an alternative to the traditional cost of service approach to setting rates for oil pipelines, as well as for natural gas pipelines and electric utilities that have market power. Finally, in two cases, Bonito Pipe Line Co. and Oxy Interstate Commerce Act (ICA) over oil pipelines operating on the outer Continental Shelf (OCS).

Not Available

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

"Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in "Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the Northeast United States" Report Now Available "Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the Northeast United States" Report Now Available November 27, 2013 - 3:13pm Addthis The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability has released its "Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the Northeast United States" report. The report is now available for downloading. In 2005-06, the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) conducted a study on the adequacy of interstate natural gas pipeline capacity serving the northeastern United States to meet natural gas demand in the event of a pipeline disruption. The study modeled gas demand for

130

Instrumented Pipeline Initiative  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes technical progress achieved during the cooperative agreement between Concurrent Technologies Corporation (CTC) and U.S. Department of Energy to address the need for a for low-cost monitoring and inspection sensor system as identified in the Department of Energy (DOE) National Gas Infrastructure Research & Development (R&D) Delivery Reliability Program Roadmap.. The Instrumented Pipeline Initiative (IPI) achieved the objective by researching technologies for the monitoring of pipeline delivery integrity, through a ubiquitous network of sensors and controllers to detect and diagnose incipient defects, leaks, and failures. This report is organized by tasks as detailed in the Statement of Project Objectives (SOPO). The sections all state the objective and approach before detailing results of work.

Thomas Piro; Michael Ream

2010-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

131

N11: Microbilogically Influenced Corrosion of Pipeline Steels used ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, During oil and gas operations, steel pipeline networks are subjected .... Numerical Modelling for Characterising the Flammability of Natural Fibre ...

132

EIA - Natural Gas Imports & Exports/Pipelines Data & Analysis  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Imports & Exports / Pipelines Imports & Exports / Pipelines U.S. Imports by Country Prices and volumes (monthly, annual). U.S. Exports by Country Prices and volumes (monthly, annual). U.S. Imports & Exports by State Prices and volumes (annual). U.S. Imports by Point of Entry Prices and volumes (annual). U.S. Exports by Point of Exit Prices and volumes (annual). International & Interstate Movements of Natural Gas Includes International and Interstate receipts, deliveries and net reciepts by State (annual). Natural Gas Weekly Update Analysis of current price, supply, and storage data; and a weather snapshot. Natural Gas Monthly U.S. production, supply, consumption, disposition, storage, imports, exports, and prices. Natural Gas Basics Analysis of Natural Gas Imports/Exports & Pipelines

133

Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Maryland) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Maryland) Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Maryland) Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Maryland) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Maryland Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission This legislation authorizes the State to join the Interstate Compact for the Conservation of Oil and Gas. The Compact is an agreement that has been entered into by 30 oil- and gas-producing states, as well as eight associate states and 10 international affiliates (including seven Canadian provinces). Members participate in the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact

134

An Oil Pipeline Design Problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a given set of offshore platforms and onshore wells producing known (or estimated) amounts of oil to be connected to a port. Connections may take place directly between platforms, well sites, and the port, or may go through connection points ... Keywords: Algorithms: interactive branch-and-bound with valid inequalities. industries, Applications: design problem-formulation and analysis. programming, Integer, Networks/graphs, Petroleum/natural gas: oil pipeline network design

Jack Brimberg; Pierre Hansen; Keh-Wei Lin; Nenad Mladenovic; Michèle Breton

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Analysis and optimization of gas pipeline networks and surface production facilities for the Waskom Field--Harrison County, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research has developed a computer simulation of the production facilities model of the Waskom Field in order to analyze existing and future production methods. The Waskom Field, located in East Texas, is a redeveloped reservoir sequence that produces primarily natural gas with minor amounts of oil and gas-condensate from the Upper and Lower Cotton Valley Sands as well as Sands in the Travis Peak sequence. The present gas production at Waskom Field averages about 12,000 Mcf/D. We have used data and the current production history to create a model of the surface production facilities, and we will simulate field performance by using a computer simulation package. In particular, all of the field facilities as well as the production history are included in these simulation Surface facilities for the Waskom field include pipelines of varying, sizes, separators, compressors, valves, and production manifolds. After creating and verifying the field model, we determined that the field possesses greater compressor capabilities than it requires. A simulation was performed where by the rental compressor in the Reuben Pierce lease was removed. The computer simulation showed that we can lower the last line pressure to 200 psig from 450 psig (which the operator was eventually able to negotiate) and the remaining compressors can sufficiently compress all of the gas currently produced in the field. Our few additional recommendations are to clean the separators, remove dual separator layouts, and remove several constricting valves that were identified from the simulation.

Pang, Jason Ui-Yong

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Interstate Mining Compact Commission (multi-state) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Interstate Mining Compact Commission (multi-state) Interstate Mining Compact Commission (multi-state) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Tribal Government Utility Program Info Start Date 1970 State Alabama Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Siting and Permitting Provider Interstate Mining Compact Commission The Interstate Mining Compact is a multi-state governmental agency / organization that represents the natural resource and related environmental protection interests of its member states. Currently, 23 states are members to the compact, and 6 additional states are associate members. The compact

137

Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Montana) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Montana) Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Montana) Eligibility Utility Commercial Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Construction MunicipalPublic Utility Rural Electric...

138

Pipeline Safety (Maryland)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Public Service Commission has the authority enact regulations pertaining to pipeline safety. These regulations address pipeline monitoring, inspections, enforcement, and penalties.

139

Pipeline Operations Program (Louisiana)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Pipeline Operations Program regulates the construction, acquisition, abandonment and interconnection of natural gas pipelines, as well as, the transportation and use of natural gas supplies.

140

Hydrogen Pipeline Safety  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... data, we can model the performance of pipeline materials and make predictions about the safe operating limits of pipelines carrying pressurized ...

2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Gas Pipeline Safety (Indiana)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This section establishes the Pipeline Safety Division within the Utility Regulatory Commission to administer federal pipeline safety standards and establish minimum state safety standards for...

142

Pipeline Safety (South Dakota)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The South Dakota Pipeline Safety Program, administered by the Public Utilities Commission, is responsible for regulating hazardous gas intrastate pipelines. Relevant legislation and regulations...

143

Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management (Multiple States) Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management (Multiple States) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Institutional Nonprofit Program Info Start Date 1981 State Alaska Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Northwest Interstate Compact The Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management, enacted in 1981, was ratified by Congress in 1985. The Compact is a cooperative effort of the party states to protect their citizens, and maintain and enhance economic viability, while sharing the responsibilities

144

Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Multiple States) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Multiple States) Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Multiple States) Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Multiple States) < Back Eligibility Commercial Developer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Utility Program Info State Alabama Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission assists member states efficiently maximize oil and natural gas resources through sound regulatory practices while protecting the nation's health, safety and the environment. The Commission serves as the collective voice of member governors on oil and gas issues and advocates states' rights to govern petroleum resources within their borders. The Commission formed the Geological CO2 Sequestration Task Force, which

145

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Program Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Construction Design & Remodeling Sealing Your Home Ventilation Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate Attic and Wall Insulation: $1000 Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount ENERGY STAR New Construction: $600-$3500/home Home Energy Audit: Free Boilers: $150 or $400 depending on AFUE Furnaces: $250 or $400 depending on AFUE Programmable Thermostats: $25

146

Water Quality Criteria for Intrastate, Interstate, and Coastal Water  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Quality Criteria for Intrastate, Interstate, and Coastal Quality Criteria for Intrastate, Interstate, and Coastal Water (Mississippi) Water Quality Criteria for Intrastate, Interstate, and Coastal Water (Mississippi) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Mississippi Program Type Environmental Regulations

147

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Construction Design & Remodeling Other Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Maximum Rebate See program web site Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom: Based on Annual Dollar Energy Savings New Construction: Varies widely

148

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs (Minnesota) Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Local Government Multi-Family Residential Retail Supplier State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Other Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Tank Water Heater: $50 Furnace: $250-$400 Boiler: $150 or $400 Programmable Thermostat: $25 Windows/Sash: $20 Custom: Based on Annual Energy Dollar Savings Provider

149

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Iowa) Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Construction Design & Remodeling Other Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Appliances & Electronics Maximum Rebate Insulation: $5000 (each type) Sealing: $1500 Multi-Family Insulation/Sealing: $5,000 Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom: Based on Annual Dollar Energy Savings

150

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Residential Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Residential Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Iowa) Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Appliances & Electronics Other Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Central Air Conditioners: $100 - $200 Air Source Heat Pumps: $100 - $400 Geothermal Heat Pumps: $300/ton + $50/EER/ton Fan Motors: $50/unit Programmable Thermostats: $25 Tank Water Heater: $50

151

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Program Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate Caulking/Weather Stripping: $200 Ceiling/Foundation/Wall Insulation: $750 Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Boilers: $150 - $400 Furnaces: $250 - $400 Efficient Fan Motor: $50 Programmable Thermostats: $25 Furnace or Boiler Clean and Tune: $30

152

Components in the Pipeline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scientists commonly describe their data processing systems metaphorically as software pipelines. These pipelines input one or more data sources and apply a sequence of processing steps to transform the data and create useful results. While conceptually simple, pipelines often adopt complex topologies and must meet stringent quality of service requirements that place stress on the software infrastructure used to construct the pipeline. In this paper we describe the MeDICi Integration Framework, which is a component-based framework for constructing complex software pipelines. The framework supports composing pipelines from distributed heterogeneous software components and provides mechanisms for controlling qualities of service to meet demanding performance, reliability and communication requirements.

Gorton, Ian; Wynne, Adam S.; Liu, Yan (Jenny); Yin, Jian

2011-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

153

Interstate Clean Transportation Corridor Project Under Way  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

rucks that travel in the western rucks that travel in the western United States will soon be able to operate clean-burning alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) along the Interstate Clean Transpor- tation Corridor (ICTC). The ICTC project is the first effort to develop clean transportation corridors to connect Los Angeles, San Bernar- dino, the San Joaquin Valley, Sacra- mento/San Francisco, Salt Lake City, Reno, and Las Vegas along routes 1-15, 1-80, and 1-5/CA-99. The ICTC team, headed by California- based Gladstein and Associates, plans to have commitments by early 1997 for 10 to 15 fueling sites located approximately 180 miles apart. These sites will serve 250 new heavy-duty AFVs and 500 local delivery vehicles. Their fuels will displace 4.7 million gallons of petroleum and mitigate more than

154

Gas Pipelines:- long, thin, bombs?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Gas Pipelines:- long, thin, bombs? Gas pipelines attract substantial reseach to improve safety and cut costs. They operate ...

155

H. R. 2092(Report No. 99-121, Parts I, II, and III): a bill to amend the Natural Gas Pipeline Safety Act of 1968 and the Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Safety Act of 1979 to authorize appropriations for fiscal years 1986 and 1987, and for other purposes. Introduced in the House of Representatives, Nineth-Ninth Congress, First Session, April 17, 1985  

SciTech Connect

Parts I, II, and III of the House report amend the Natural Gas Pipeline Safety Act of 1968 and the Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Safety Act of 1979 to preclude discriminatory tax treatment by states and local governments imposing an overvalued assessment against interstate gas transmission for ad valorem taxes. The amendment clarifies assessment terms and stipulates that federal courts may intervene if tax assessments exceed five per cent of true market value. The bill also authorizes the fiscal year 1986 and 1987 appropriations.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Budget Permits (Michigan) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Budget Permits (Michigan) Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Budget Permits (Michigan) Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Budget Permits (Michigan) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Michigan Program Type Siting and Permitting Michigan implements the federal requirements of the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) through state regulations. Michigan's Rule 821 requires subject sources to obtain and operate in compliance with a CAIR Annual NOx Budget

157

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric)...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Amount 1,500 - 25,000 Provider Customer Service Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy), in conjunction with Wells Fargo Bank, offers a low-interest loan for residential,...

158

Interstate Power and Light Co (Minnesota) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interstate Power and Light Co (Minnesota) Interstate Power and Light Co (Minnesota) Jump to: navigation, search Name Interstate Power and Light Co Place Minnesota Utility Id 9417 References Energy Information Administration.[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Residential: $0.1060/kWh Commercial: $0.0969/kWh Industrial: $0.0757/kWh The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data for Interstate Power and Light Co (Minnesota). Month RES REV (THOUSAND $) RES SALES (MWH) RES CONS COM REV (THOUSAND $) COM SALES (MWH) COM CONS IND_REV (THOUSAND $) IND SALES (MWH) IND CONS OTH REV (THOUSAND $) OTH SALES (MWH) OTH CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND $) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS

159

Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) - Farm Equipment Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) - Farm Equipment Energy Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) - Farm Equipment Energy Efficiency Incentives Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) - Farm Equipment Energy Efficiency Incentives < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Cooling Construction Commercial Weatherization Manufacturing Maximum Rebate Contact Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Farm Energy Audit: Free Automatic Milker Takeoffs: $5/cow Dairy Scroll Compressor: $250 Heat Reclaimers: $5/cow Milk Precooler: $3.40/cow Variable Speed Drives for Dairy Vacuum Pumps: $5/cow Motors: Up to $1080 Variable Frequency Drives: $30/HP

160

Atlantic Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (South  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Atlantic Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact Atlantic Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (South Carolina) Atlantic Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (South Carolina) < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Program Info Start Date 1986 State South Carolina Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Atlantic Compact Commission The Atlantic (Northeast) Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact is a cooperative effort to plan, regulate, and administer the disposal of low-level radioactive waste in the region. The states of Connecticut, New Jersey, and South Carolina are party to this compact

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Comments of the Western Interstate Energy Board's High-Level...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Counsel's Notice of Inquiry concerning the preparation of a report to Congress on the Price-Anderson Act. Comments of the Western Interstate Energy Board's High-Level Radioactive...

162

California Natural Gas Interstate Receipts (Million Cubic Feet...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Receipts (Million Cubic Feet) California Natural Gas Interstate Receipts (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's...

163

California Natural Gas Interstate Deliveries to All States (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Deliveries to All States (Million Cubic Feet) California Natural Gas Interstate Deliveries to All States (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

164

New Hampshire International and Interstate Movements of Natural ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Vermont : 1989-1998: International & Interstate Deliveries (To) 104,713: 154,268: 115,474: 126,880: 132,564: 152,537: 1988-2011: International Deliveries : 0: 64: 0 ...

165

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light- New Home Construction Incentives  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Interstate Power and Light's New Home Program gives incentives to builders and contractors who build energy efficient homes. A base rebate is available to those customers that make the minimum...

166

Figure 14. Net interstate movements, imports, and exports of...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

United States, 2012 (million cubic feet) TrinidadTobago India Trinidad Tobago Yemen Brazil Interstate Movements Not Shown on Map From Volume To From Volume To CT RI TN FL MA CT...

167

New Mexico Natural Gas Interstate Receipts (Million Cubic Feet...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Receipts (Million Cubic Feet) New Mexico Natural Gas Interstate Receipts (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's...

168

New Mexico Natural Gas Interstate Deliveries (Million Cubic Feet...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Deliveries (Million Cubic Feet) New Mexico Natural Gas Interstate Deliveries (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

169

Keystone XL pipeline update  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Questions have been raised recently about the Keystone XL pipeline project, so we wanted to make some points clear.

170

Mapping hidden water pipelines using a mobile sensor droplet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents several extensions to our previous work on the PipeProbe system, a mobile sensor system for identifying the spatial topology of hidden water pipelines (i.e., non-moldable pipes such as copper and PVC) behind walls or under floors ... Keywords: Wireless sensor networks, constraint satisfaction, mapping water pipeline, sensor inference

Ted Tsung-Te Lai; Wei-Ju Chen; Yu-Han Tiffany Chen; Polly Huang; Hao-Hau Chu

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Energy-efficient pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the design of energy-efficient pipelines for asynchronous VLSI architectures. To maximize throughput in asynchronous pipelines it is often necessary to insert buffer stages, increasing the energy overhead. Instead of optimizing pipelines for minimum energy or maximum throughput, we consider a joint energy-time metric of the form ? ?,where?is the energy per operation and ? is the time per operation. We show that pipelines optimized for the ? ? energy-time metric may need fewer buffer stages and we give bounds when such stages can be removed. We present several common asynchronous pipeline structures and their energy-time optimized solutions. 1.

John Teifel; David Fang; David Biermann; Clint Kelly; Rajit Manohar

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

PipeProbe: a mobile sensor droplet for mapping hidden pipeline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents PipeProbe, a mobile sensor system for determining the spatial topology of hidden water pipelines behind walls. PipeProbe works by dropping a tiny wireless sensor capsule into the source of the water pipelines. As the PipeProbe capsule ... Keywords: constraint satisfaction, mapping water pipeline, sensor inference, wireless sensor networks

Tsung-te (Ted) Lai; Yu-han (Tiffany) Chen; Polly Huang; Hao-hua Chu

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Major Changes in Natural Gas Pipeline Transportation Capacity, 1998-2008  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This presentation graphically illustrates the areas of major growth on the national natural gas pipeline transmission network between 1998 and the end of 2008.

Information Center

2008-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

174

Pipeline transportation and underground storage are vital and complementary components of the U  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Additions to Capacity on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network: 2005 Additions to Capacity on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network: 2005 This report examines the amount of new natural gas pipeline capacity added to the U.S. natural gas pipeline system during 2005 and the areas of the country where those additions were concentrated. In addition, it discusses and analyzes proposed natural gas pipeline projects that may be developed between 2006 and 2008 and the market factors supporting these initiatives. Questions or comments on the contents of this article should be directed to James Tobin at james.tobin@eia.doe.gov or (202) 586-4835. The addition to natural gas pipeline capacity in 2005 exceeded that of 2004 (Figure 1) although fewer miles of pipeline were installed (Figure 2). Miles of new natural gas pipeline (1,152) were 21 percent less than in 2004, even

175

Modeling and synthesis of asynchronous pipelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a set of modeling rules and a synthesis method for the design of asynchronous pipelines. To keep the circuit area and power dissipation of the asynchronous control network small, the proposed approach avoids the conventional syntaxdirected ... Keywords: asynchronous, low power

Chong-Fatt Law; Bah-Hwee Gwee; Joseph S. Chang

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

The Noao Newfirm Pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The NOAO NEWFIRM Pipeline produces instrumentally calibrated data products and data quality measurements from all exposures taken with the NOAO Extremely Wide-Field Infrared Imager (NEWFIRM) at the KPNO Mayall 4-meter telescope. We describe the distributed nature of the NEWFIRM Pipeline, the calibration data that are applied, the data quality metadata that are derived, and the data products that are delivered by the NEWFIRM Pipeline.

Swaters, R A; Dickinson, M E

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Product Pipeline Reports Tutorial  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Home > Petroleum > Petroleum Survey Forms> Petroleum Survey Forms Tutorial Product Pipeline Reports Tutorial Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player....

178

Liquefaction and Pipeline Costs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

factors add 20 percent to liquefaction plant total installed cost 6 Distribution Pipeline Costs Collected historical Oil & Gas Journal data, and surveyed for current urban and...

179

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - Residential Renewable Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - Residential Renewable Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - Residential Renewable Energy Rebates Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - Residential Renewable Energy Rebates < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate Solar Thermal Water Heater: $750 Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Efficient Solar PV: $1.25/kWh x estimated first year output Standard Solar PV: $0.75/kWh x estimated first year output Energy Efficient Wind: $0.75/kWh x estimated first year output Standard Wind: 0.25/kWh x estimated first year output Solar Thermal Water Heater (electric): $0.35 x annual kWh savings Solar Thermal Water Heater (natural gas): $2.50 x annual therm savings

180

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - Business and Farm Renewable  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - Business and Farm Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - Business and Farm Renewable Energy Rebates Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - Business and Farm Renewable Energy Rebates < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Maximum Rebate Energy Efficient Wind: $35,000 Standard Wind: $30,000 Energy Efficient PV: $25,000 Standard PV: $20,000 Biomass: $500,000 Anaerobic Digester: $200,000 Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Efficient Wind: $0.75/kWh Standard Wind: $0.25/kWh Energy Efficient PV: $1/kWh Standard PV: $0.50/kWh Biomass: 50% of system cost Anaerobic Digester: 50% of system cost Provider Alliant Energy The Alliant Energy Renewable Cash-Back Rewards program offers rebates for

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Coordinating Interstate ElectricTransmission Siting: An Introduction to the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Coordinating Interstate ElectricTransmission Siting: An Coordinating Interstate ElectricTransmission Siting: An Introduction to the Debate Coordinating Interstate ElectricTransmission Siting: An Introduction to the Debate In recent years, experts have started drawing att ention to the need to improve the system that transmits electricity from power plants to demand centers. Congestion on existing lines, increased energy demand that suggests a need for new electric transmission and the challenge of connecting renewable energy sources to load centers highlight some needs that could be underserved by the existing system in the near future. While improved demand-side management (including energy effi ciency and demand response), bett er utilization of the existing transmission grid, and other strategies (such as distributed

182

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - New Home Construction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - New Home Construction Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - New Home Construction Incentives Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - New Home Construction Incentives < Back Eligibility Construction Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Construction Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Builder Option Package: Up to $2,000 Advanced Builder Option Package: Up to $2,800 Energy Star Qualified Home: Up to $3,500 Multi-Family Incentives: See program web site Provider

183

Pipeline under construction Sea Proposed/planned pipeline Possible ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Arab Gas Pipeline Maghreb-Europe GME Shah-Deniz Statfjord Ormen Lange TrollTTrollroll ... Greece-Italy Interconnector Turkey-Greece Interconnector South Caucasus Pipeline

184

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Local Government Nonprofit Retail Supplier State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Home Weatherization Windows, Doors, & Skylights Commercial Weatherization Construction Design & Remodeling Water Heating Maximum Rebate See program web site Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount New Construction: Varies, see program web site Custom: Based on Annual Dollar Energy Savings

185

Aspen Pipeline | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

| Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Aspen Pipeline Jump to: navigation, search Name Aspen Pipeline Place Houston, Texas Zip 77057...

186

Natural Gas Pipeline Safety (Kansas)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This article states minimum safety standards for the transportation of natural gas by pipeline and reporting requirements for operators of pipelines.

187

Questions and Issues on Hydrogen Pipelines: Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Issues on Hydrogen Issues on Hydrogen Pipelines Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen Doe Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Meeting August 31, 2005 Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen --- 2 Copyright: Air Liquide Pipeline Inventory Breakdown by gases 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 KM N2 2956 km O2 3447 km H2 1736 km CO/Syngas 61 km TOTAL 8200 km Pipeline Inventory 2004 Asie Pacific America Europe Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen --- 3 Copyright: Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen --- 4 Copyright: 3. Special structures River Crossings (culvert): 6 (Rhein, Ruhr, Rhein-Herne-Kanal) River crossing (on bridge): 1 (Rhein-Herne-Kanal) Motorway Crossings: 26 Overground Pipelines: approx 21 km Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen --- 5 Copyright: 5. Mining areas Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen --- 6 Copyright: France & Netherlands

188

Software design for panoramic astronomical pipeline processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the software requirement and design specifications for all-sky panoramic astronomical pipelines. The described software aims to meet the specific needs of super-wide angle optics, and includes cosmic-ray hit rejection, image compression, star recognition, sky opacity analysis, transient detection and a web server allowing access to real-time and archived data. The presented software is being regularly used for the pipeline processing of 11 all-sky cameras located in some of the world's premier observatories. We encourage all-sky camera operators to use our software and/or our hosting services and become part of the global Night Sky Live network.

Lior Shamir; Robert J. Nemiroff; David O. Torrey; Wellesley E. Pereira

2005-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

189

The Hunter Valley Access Undertaking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

  13  FERC  staff  play  a  similar  role  with  respect  to  rate  applications  by  interstate  pipeline  and  transmission networks in the US. (Littlechild 2011)  EPRG No.1206...

Bordignon, Stephen; Littlechild, Stephen

2012-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

190

BP and Hydrogen Pipelines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BP and Hydrogen Pipelines BP and Hydrogen Pipelines DOE Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop August 30-31, 2005 Gary P. Yoho, P.E. i l i * Green corporate philosophy and senior management commitment * Reduced greenhouse gas emissions nine years ahead of target * Alternatives to oil are a big part of BP' including natural gas, LNG, solar and hydrogen * Hydrogen Bus Project won Australia' prestigious environmental award * UK partnership opened the first hydrogen demonstration refueling station * Two hydrogen pipelines in Houston area BP Env ronmenta Comm tment s portfolio, s most BP' * li l " li i i * i l pl i i * Li l li l * " i i l i 2 i i ll i i l pl ifi i * 8" ly idl i i l s Hydrogen Pipelines Two nes, on y a brand new 12 ne s act ve Connect Houston area chem ca ant w th a ref nery nes come off a p

191

Status of Natural Gas Pipeline System Capacity Entering the 2000-2001 Heating Season  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This special report looks at the capabilities of the national natural gas pipeline network in 2000 and provides an assessment of the current levels of available capacity to transport supplies from production areas to markets throughout the United States during the upcoming heating season. It also examines how completion of currently planned expansion projects and proposed new pipelines would affect the network.

Information Center

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Look at Western Natural Gas Infrastructure During the Recent El Paso Pipeline Disruption, A  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This special report looks at the capabilities of the national natural gas pipeline network in 2000 and provides an assessment of the current levels of available capacity to transport supplies from production areas to markets throughout the United States during the upcoming heating season. It also examines how completion of currently planned expansion projects and proposed new pipelines would affect the network.

Information Center

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

An observational Study of the “Interstate 5” Dust Storm Case  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 29 November 1991 a series of collisions involving 164 vehicles occurred on Interstate 5 in the San Joaquin Valley in California in a dust storm that reduced the visibility to near zero. The accompanying high surface winds are hypothesized to ...

Patricia M. Pauley; Nancy L. Baker; Edward H. Barker

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Spatial network modeling for databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spatial networks like transportation, power, and pipeline networks are a ubiquitous spatial concept in everyday life and play an important role for navigational and routing purposes. Database support for large spatial networks in order to represent, ...

Virupaksha Kanjilal; Markus Schneider

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

GAS PIPELINE PIGABILITY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In-line inspection equipment is commonly used to examine a large portion of the long distance transmission pipeline system that transports natural gas from well gathering points to local distribution companies. A piece of equipment that is inserted into a pipeline and driven by product flow is called a ''pig''. Using this term as a base, a set of terms has evolved. Pigs that are equipped with sensors and data recording devices are called ''intelligent pigs''. Pipelines that cannot be inspected using intelligent pigs are deemed ''unpigable''. But many factors affect the passage of a pig through a pipeline, or the ''pigability''. The pigability pipeline extend well beyond the basic need for a long round hole with a means to enter and exit. An accurate assessment of pigability includes consideration of pipeline length, attributes, pressure, flow rate, deformation, cleanliness, and other factors as well as the availability of inspection technology. All factors must be considered when assessing the appropriateness of ILI to assess specific pipeline threats.

Ted Clark; Bruce Nestleroth

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Composites Technology for Hydrogen Pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Composites Technology for Hydrogen Pipelines Barton Smith, Barbara Frame, Larry Anovitz and Cliff Eberle Oak Ridge National Laboratory Pipeline Working Group MeetingPipeline Working Group Meeting Aiken;Composites Technology for Hydrogen Pipelines Fiber-reinforced polymer pipe Project Overview: Investigate

197

Code for Hydrogen Hydrogen Pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;2 Code for Hydrogen Pipelines Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop Augusta, Georgia August development · Charge from BPTCS to B31 Standards Committee for Hydrogen Piping/Pipeline code development · B31.12 Status & Structure · Hydrogen Pipeline issues · Research Needs · Where Do We Go From Here? #12;4 Code

198

DOE Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DOE Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop August 31, 2005 Augusta, Georgia #12;Hydrogen Pipeline Experience Presented By: LeRoy H. Remp Lead Project Manager Pipeline Projects #12;ppt00 3 Hydrogen Pipeline and the customer. #12;ppt00 4 Pipeline Photos #12;ppt00 5 Pipeline Photos #12;ppt00 6 Pipeline Photos #12;ppt00 7

199

Hydrogen Pipeline Discussion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

praxair.com praxair.com Copyright © 2003, Praxair Technology, Inc. All rights reserved. Hydrogen Pipeline Discussion BY Robert Zawierucha, Kang Xu and Gary Koeppel PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY CENTER TONAWANDA, NEW YORK DOE Hydrogen Pipeline Workshop Augusta, GA August 2005 2 Introduction Regulatory and technical groups that impact hydrogen and hydrogen systems ASME, DOE, DOT etc, Compressed Gas Association activities ASTM TG G1.06.08 Hydrogen pipelines and CGA-5.6 Selected experience and guidance Summary and recommendations 3 CGA Publications Pertinent to Hydrogen G-5: Hydrogen G-5.3: Commodity Specification for Hydrogen G-5.4: Standard for Hydrogen Piping at Consumer Locations G-5.5: Hydrogen Vent Systems G-5.6: Hydrogen Pipeline Systems (IGC Doc 121/04/E) G-5.7: Carbon Monoxide and Syngas

200

Highly Pipelined Asynchronous FPGAs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the design of a high-performance, highly pipelined asynchronous FPGA. We describe a very ne-grain pipelined logic block and routing interconnect architecture, and show how asynchronous logic can eciently take advantage of this large amount of pipelining. Our FPGA, which does not use a clock to sequence computations, automatically \\selfpipelines " its logic without the designer needing to be explicitly aware of all pipelining details. This property makes our FPGA ideal for throughput-intensive applications and we require minimal place and route support to achieve good performance. Benchmark circuits taken from both the asynchronous and clocked design communities yield throughputs in the neighborhood of 300-400 MHz in a TSMC 0.25m process and 500-700 MHz in a TSMC 0.18m process.

John Teifel; Rajit Manohar

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Synchronous interlocked pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a circuit environment that is becoming increasingly sensitive to dynamic power dissipation and noise, and where cycle time available for control decisions continues to decrease, locality principles are becoming paramount in controlling advancement of data through pipelined systems. Achieving fine grained power down and progressive pipeline stalls at the local stage level is therefore becoming increasingly important to enable lower dynamic power consumption while keeping introduced switching noise under control as well as avoiding global distribution of timing critical stall signals. It has long been known that the interlocking properties of asynchronous pipelined systems have a potential to provide such benefits. However, it has not been understood how such interlocking can be achieved in synchronous pipelines. This paper

Hans M. Jacobson; Prabhakar N. Kudva; Pradip Bose; Peter W. Cook; Stanley E. Schuster

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Capturing Latino Students in the Academic Pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Latino Educational Pipeline Why Latino Students are atSTUDENTS IN THE ACADEMIC PIPELINE CAPTURING LATINO STUDENTSIN THE ACADEMIC PIPELINE Patricia Gcindara, Editor Katherine

Gándara, Patricia; Larson, Katherine; Mehan, Hugh; Rumberger, Russell

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Synchronous Interlocked Pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a circuit environment that is becoming increasingly sensitive to dynamic power dissipation and noise, and where cycle time available for control decisions continues to decrease, locality principles are becoming paramount in controlling advancement of data through pipelined systems. Achieving fine grained power down and progressive pipeline stalls at the local stage level is therefore becoming increasingly important to enable lower dynamic power consumption while keeping introduced switching noise under control as well as avoiding global distribution of timing critical stall signals.

Hans Jacobson Prabhakar; Hans M. Jacobson; Prabhakar N. Kudva; Pradip Bose; Peter W. Cook; Stanley E. Schuster; Eric G. Mercer; Chris J. Myers

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Capability Brief_Pipeline Safety Program.pub  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Safety Program Safety Program Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT-Battelle, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract number DE-AC05-00OR22725 Research Areas Freight Flows Passenger Flows Supply Chain Efficiency Transportation: Energy Environment Safety Security Vehicle Technologies Capabilities Brief T he Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) provides specialized engineering and technical support to the U.S. Department of Transportation's Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA). As a federal regulatory authority with jurisdiction over pipeline safety, PHMSA is responsible for ensuring the safe, reliable, and environmentally sound operation of the nation's network of natural gas and hazardous liquid pipelines. To

205

Total Crude by Pipeline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product: Total Crude by All Transport Methods Domestic Crude by All Transport Methods Foreign Crude by All Transport Methods Total Crude by Pipeline Domestic Crude by Pipeline Foreign Crude by Pipeline Total Crude by Tanker Domestic Crude by Tanker Foreign Crude by Tanker Total Crude by Barge Domestic Crude by Barge Foreign Crude by Barge Total Crude by Tank Cars (Rail) Domestic Crude by Tank Cars (Rail) Foreign Crude by Tank Cars (Rail) Total Crude by Trucks Domestic Crude by Trucks Foreign Crude by Trucks Period: Product: Total Crude by All Transport Methods Domestic Crude by All Transport Methods Foreign Crude by All Transport Methods Total Crude by Pipeline Domestic Crude by Pipeline Foreign Crude by Pipeline Total Crude by Tanker Domestic Crude by Tanker Foreign Crude by Tanker Total Crude by Barge Domestic Crude by Barge Foreign Crude by Barge Total Crude by Tank Cars (Rail) Domestic Crude by Tank Cars (Rail) Foreign Crude by Tank Cars (Rail) Total Crude by Trucks Domestic Crude by Trucks Foreign Crude by Trucks Period: Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View

206

Feasibility study of Northeast Thailand Gas Pipeline Project. Final report. Part 3. Gas transmission pipeline. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The volume is the third part of a three part report submitted to the Petroleum Authority of Thailand. Part III examines the feasibility of constructing a gas pipeline from the Nam Phong gas field in the northeast region to the existing natural gas pipeline network in the central region. It contains information concerning the system analysis, route investigation and selection, the order of magnitude cost estimate and the economic and financial analysis.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Interstate Power and Light Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interstate Power and Light Co Interstate Power and Light Co Address 200 1st Street Southeast Place Cedar Rapids, Iowa Zip 52401 Website www.alliantenergy.com/ind Utility Id 9417 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Buying Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 100 Residential Residential

208

Section 4.1 Flows You are designing an oil pipeline. The pipeline is to have a pumping station p and a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

restriction on the size of underground pipes. Thus, the amount of oil we can pump on any section allows. Also, all intermediate stations can only pump out as much oil as they receive. We now formulateChapter 4 Networks Section 4.1 Flows You are designing an oil pipeline. The pipeline is to have

Gould, Ron

209

Section 4.1 Flows You are designing an oil pipeline. The pipeline is to have a pumping station p and a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

restriction on the size of underground pipes. Thus, the amount of oil we can pump on any section, all intermediate stations can only pump out as much oil as they receive. We now formulate our problemChapter 4 Networks Section 4.1 Flows You are designing an oil pipeline. The pipeline is to have

Gould, Ron

210

Interstate Renewable Energy Council IREC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interstate Renewable Energy Council IREC Interstate Renewable Energy Council IREC Jump to: navigation, search Name Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) Place Latham, New York Zip 12110-1156 Sector Renewable Energy Product US non-profit organisation with mission of accelerating the sustainable utilization of renewable energy sources and technologies in and through state and local government and community activities. Coordinates 39.098856°, -83.247057° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.098856,"lon":-83.247057,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

211

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric) - Low Interest  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric) - Low Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric) - Low Interest Energy Efficiency Loan Program Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric) - Low Interest Energy Efficiency Loan Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Local Government Nonprofit Residential State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Appliances & Electronics Other Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Home Weatherization Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate $25,000 Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Loan Program Rebate Amount $1,500 - $25,000 Provider Customer Service Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy), in conjunction with Wells

212

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas)- Residential Energy Efficiency Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) offers residential energy efficiency rebates to Iowa customers for a variety of home upgrades. Rebates are available for certain heating, insulation,...

213

Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (multi-state)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact is administered by the Compact Commission. The Compact provides for rotating responsibility for the region's low-level...

214

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric)- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Iowa)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) offers residential energy efficiency rebates and incentives for Iowa customers for a variety of technologies. Rebates are available for certain HVAC...

215

EAC Recommendations for DOE Action Regarding the CSG Interstate Transmission Siting Compact- June 6, 2013  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

EAC Recommendations for DOE Action Regarding the CSG Interstate Transmission Siting Compact, approved at the June 5-6, 2013 EAC Meeting.

216

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric)- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Minnesota)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) offers a number of energy efficiency rebates for Minnesota residential customers which implement HVAC, lighting, appliance, window, insulation and water...

217

The vascular flora of Breaks Interstate Park, Pike County, Kentucky, and Dickenson County, Virginia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The vascular flora of Breaks Interstate Park was documented during two growing seasons, 2008 and 2009; with supplemental collections made in 2010 and 2011. The… (more)

Clark, Julie Bennett

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas)- Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs (Minnesota)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Alliant Energy - Interstate Power and Light (IPL) offers rebates for high efficiency equipment for commercial customers. Rebates are available for windows/sashes, programmable thermostats, water...

219

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric)- Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Alliant Energy - Interstate Power and Light (IPL) offers rebates for high efficiency equipment for commercial customers. Rebates are available for high efficiency lighting equipment, occupancy...

220

Pipeline Setback Ordinance (Minnesota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Savings Pipeline Setback Ordinance (Minnesota) Pipeline Setback Ordinance (Minnesota) Eligibility...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Dataplot Commands for Alaska Pipeline Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dataplot Commands for Alaska Pipeline Case Study. Set Software Options and Get Started, . . Starting Alaska Pipeline Calibration Case Study . . ...

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

222

Collaborative Visualization and the Analysis Pipeline | Argonne...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science & Engineering Applications Collaborative Visualization and the Analysis Pipeline Collaborative Visualization and the Analysis Pipeline Integration of Access Grid and...

223

Operation chaining asynchronous pipelined circuits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We define operation chaining (op-chaining) as an optimization problem to determine the optimal pipeline depth for balancing performance against energy demands in pipelined asynchronous designs. Since there are no clock period requirements, asynchronous ...

Girish Venkataramani; Seth C. Goldstein

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Network  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

network - launched in November 2012. The network was built in collaboration with Internet2, an advanced network, which connects the nation's research universities. Leveraging...

225

Using Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Costs to Estimate Hydrogen Pipeline Costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cost dependent on pipeline length and diameter against thedescribe with only the pipeline length and diameter. Labordescribed by the pipeline diameter and length alone. In some

Parker, Nathan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

A hybrid model for a multiproduct pipeline planning and scheduling problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Brazilian petrobras is one of the world largest oil companies. Recurrently, it faces a very difficult planning and scheduling problem: how to operate a large pipeline network in order to adequately transport oil derivatives and biofuels from refineries ... Keywords: Constraints, Oil pipeline, Scheduling

Tony Minoru Lopes; Andre Augusto Ciré; Cid Carvalho Souza; Arnaldo Vieira Moura

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Failure analysis expert system for onshore pipelines. Part-II: End-User interface and algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to develop a Failure Analysis Expert System (FAES), with application for onshore pipeline transporting oil and gas products, the work was split in two parts. Previously failure database and knowledge acquisition method were described in the ... Keywords: Artificial neural network, Expert system, Failure analysis, Knowledge acquisition, Onshore pipelines

V. Castellanos; A. Albiter; P. Hernández; G. Barrera

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Causes of Pipeline Failures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Types of defects that can cause pipeline failures...pipe body Mechanical damage Environmental causes Corrosion (external or internal) Hydrogen-stress cracking External stress corrosion cracking Internal sulfide-stress cracking Hydrogen blistering Fatigue Miscellaneous causes Secondary loads Weldments to pipe surface Wrinkle bends Internal combustion...

229

New Materials for Hydrogen Pipelines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OAK OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY New Materials for Hydrogen Pipelines New Materials for Hydrogen Pipelines Barton Smith, Barbara Frame, Cliff Eberle, Larry Anovitz, James Blencoe and Tim Armstrong Oak Ridge National Laboratory Jimmy Mays University of Tennessee, Knoxville Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Meeting August 30-31, 2005 Augusta, Georgia 2 OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Overview Overview - - Barriers and Technical Targets Barriers and Technical Targets * Barriers to Hydrogen Delivery - Existing steel pipelines are subject to hydrogen embrittlement and are inadequate for widespread H 2 distribution. - Current joining technology (welding) for steel pipelines is major cost factor and can exacerbate hydrogen embrittlement issues.

230

[Interstate Clean Transportation]. Final Report for FG02-99EE50591  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Interstate Clean Transportation (ICTC) purpose is to develop a public-private partnership dedicated to accelerating the market penetration of clean, alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) in interstate goods movement. In order to foster project development, the ICTC activity sought to increase awareness of heavy-duty AFVs among truck fleet operators.

Wendt, Lee

2002-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

231

The SINFONI pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The SINFONI data reduction pipeline, as part of the ESO-VLT Data Flow System, provides recipes for Paranal Science Operations, and for Data Flow Operations at Garching headquarters. At Paranal, it is used for the quick-look data evaluation. For Data Flow Operations, it fulfills several functions: creating master calibrations; monitoring instrument health and data quality; and reducing science data for delivery to service mode users. The pipeline is available to the science community for reprocessing data with personalised reduction strategies and parameters. The pipeline recipes can be executed either with EsoRex at the command line level or through the Gasgano graphical user interface. The recipes are implemented with the ESO Common Pipeline Library (CPL). SINFONI is the Spectrograph for INtegral Field Observations in the Near Infrared (1.1-2.45 um) at the ESO-VLT. SINFONI was developed and build by ESO and MPE in collaboration with NOVA. It consists of the SPIFFI integral field spectrograph and an adaptive optics module which allows diffraction limited and seeing limited observations. The image slicer of SPIFFI chops the SINFONI field of view on the sky in 32 slices which are re-arranged to a pseudo slit. The latter is dispersed by one of the four possible gratings (J, H, K, H+K). The detector thus sees a spatial dimension (along the pseudo-slit) and a spectral dimension. We describe in this paper the main data reduction procedures of the SINFONI pipeline, which is based on SPRED - the SPIFFI data reduction software developed by MPE, and the most recent developments after more than a year of SINFONI operations.

Andrea Modigliani; Wolfgang Hummel; Roberto Abuter; Paola Amico; Pascal Ballester; Richard Davies; Christophe Dumas; Mattew Horrobin; Mark Neeser; Markus Kissler-Patig; Michele Peron; Juha Rehunanen; Juergen Schreiber; Thomas Szeifert

2007-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

232

Enhancing protection for unusually sensitive ecological areas from pipeline releases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ECOLOGICAL AREAS FROM PIPELINE RELEASES Christina Sames;Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, DPS-10/ 400 7thof a hazardous liquid pipeline accident. Pipeline operators

Sames, Christina; Fink, Dennis

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Renewable Energy and the Clean Air Interstate Rule  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Joe Bryson Joe Bryson US Environmental Protection Agency Climate Protection Partnerships Division January 12, 2006 bryson.joe@epa.gov (202) 343-9631 Renewable Energy and the Clean Air Interstate Rule My Perspective Where I Sit: Climate Change Protection Division * Energy STAR products, buildings, and homes * Green Power Partnership * CHP Partnership * Climate Leaders * EPA-State Partnerships on Clean Energy and Utility Regulation Who I Coordinate with: Clean Air Markets Division * Responsible for the design, analysis, and implementation of EPA's cap and trade programs for SO2, NOx, and Hg Information from Two Views Environmental Regulatory Perspective Renewable Energy Perspective Environmental Regulatory Perspective States have full authority and flexibility to allocate NOx

234

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric) - Farm  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gas and Electric) - Farm Gas and Electric) - Farm Equipment Energy Efficiency Incentives Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric) - Farm Equipment Energy Efficiency Incentives < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Home Weatherization Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Program Info Start Date 1/1/2012 State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Audit: Free Clothes Washer: $100 Refrigerator Replacement: $50 Dishwasher Replacement: $20 Freezer: $25 Room Air Conditioner: $25 Water Heater: $50 Electric Heat Pump Water Heaters: $100 Circulating Fans: $25 - $75

235

Colorado's Prospects for Interstate Commerce in Renewable Power  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Colorado has more renewable energy potential than it is ever likely to need for its own in-state electricity consumption. Such abundance may suggest an opportunity for the state to sell renewable power elsewhere, but Colorado faces considerable competition from other western states that may have better resources and easier access to key markets on the West Coast. This report examines factors that will be important to the development of interstate commerce for electricity generated from renewable resources. It examines market fundamentals in a regional context, and then looks at the implications for Colorado.

Hurlbut, D. J.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Adaptive noise cancellation schemes for magnetic flux leakage signals obtained from gas pipeline inspection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nondestructive evaluation of the gas pipeline system is most commonly performed using magnetic flux leakage (MFL) techniques. A major segment of this network employs seamless pipes. The data obtained From MFL inspection of seamless pipes is contaminated ...

M. Afzal; R. Polikar; L. Udpa; S. Udpa

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop: Code for Hydrogen Pipelines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Code for Hydrogen Code for Hydrogen Pipelines Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop Augusta, Georgia August 31, 2005 Louis Hayden, PE Chair ASME B31.12 3 Presentation Outline * Approval for new code development * Charge from BPTCS to B31 Standards Committee for Hydrogen Piping/Pipeline code development * B31.12 Status & Structure * Hydrogen Pipeline issues * Research Needs * Where Do We Go From Here? 4 Code for Hydrogen Piping and Pipelines * B31 Hydrogen Section Committee to develop a new code for H 2 piping and pipelines - Include requirements specific to H 2 service for power, process, transportation, distribution, commercial, and residential applications - Balance reference and incorporation of applicable sections of B31.1, B31.3 and B31.8 - Have separate parts for industrial, commercial/residential

238

U.S. Natural Gas Interstate Receipts (Million Cubic Feet)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Receipts (Million Cubic Feet) Receipts (Million Cubic Feet) U.S. Natural Gas Interstate Receipts (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 50,697,415 1990's 51,022,894 49,708,414 52,574,795 52,674,053 57,969,941 61,167,051 62,953,877 61,199,549 55,139,674 57,323,473 2000's 58,570,289 65,774,849 63,389,468 65,793,961 64,423,388 63,027,775 61,863,323 66,858,134 70,305,954 72,022,602 2010's 74,778,078 74,661,629 70,195,553 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: U.S. International and Interstate Movements of Natural Gas by State

239

Pipeline corridors through wetlands  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents preliminary findings from six vegetational surveys of gas pipeline rights-of-way (ROW) through wetlands and quantifies the impacts of a 20-year-old pipeline ROW through a boreal forest wetland. Six sites of various ages were surveyed in ecosystems ranging from coastal marsh to forested wetland. At all sites except one, both the number and the percentage of wetland species on the Row approximated or exceeded those in the adjacent natural area. The boreal forest study showed that (1) adjacent natural wetland areas were not altered in type; (2) water sheet flow restriction had been reversed by nature; (3) no nonnative plant species invaded the natural area; (4) three-quarters of the ROW area was a wetland, and (5) the ROW increased diversity.

Zimmerman, R.E.; Wilkey, P.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Isaacson, H.R. [Gas Research Institute (United States)

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Pipeline corridors through wetlands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents preliminary findings from six vegetational surveys of gas pipeline rights-of-way (ROW) through wetlands and quantifies the impacts of a 20-year-old pipeline ROW through a boreal forest wetland. Six sites of various ages were surveyed in ecosystems ranging from coastal marsh to forested wetland. At all sites except one, both the number and the percentage of wetland species on the Row approximated or exceeded those in the adjacent natural area. The boreal forest study showed that (1) adjacent natural wetland areas were not altered in type; (2) water sheet flow restriction had been reversed by nature; (3) no nonnative plant species invaded the natural area; (4) three-quarters of the ROW area was a wetland, and (5) the ROW increased diversity.

Zimmerman, R.E.; Wilkey, P.L. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Isaacson, H.R. (Gas Research Institute (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Pipelines (Minnesota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pipelines (Minnesota) Pipelines (Minnesota) Pipelines (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Siting and Permitting This section regulates pipelines that are used to carry natural or synthetic gas at a pressure of more than 90 pounds per square inch, along with pipelines used to carry petroleum products and coal. Special rules apply to pipelines used to carry natural gas at a pressure of more than 125

242

Natural Gas Pipeline & Distribution Use  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Data Series: Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Volumes Delivered to Consumers Volumes Delivered to Residential...

243

ORNL Genome Analysis Pipeline - Eukaryotic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grail (Microbial Gene Prediction System Internet Link) GrailEXP Genome Analysis Pipeline DomainParser PROSPECT (PROtein Structure Prediction and Evaluation Computer...

244

BENCHMARKING EMERGING PIPELINE INSPECTION TECHNOLOGIES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FINAL REPORT Benchmarking Emerging Pipeline Inspection Technologies To Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) DE-AP26-04NT40361 and Department of...

245

Leaking Pipelines: Doctoral Student Family Formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sari M. “Why the Academic Pipeline Leaks: Fewer Men thanone reason the academic pipeline leaks. 31 Blair-Loy, Mary.to leak out of the “academic pipeline. ” The term “academic

Serrano, Christyna M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

,"U.S. Natural Gas Net Interstate Receipts (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Interstate Receipts (MMcf)" Interstate Receipts (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Natural Gas Net Interstate Receipts (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1260_nus_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1260_nus_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:38:24 PM"

247

INTERNAL REPAIR OF PIPELINES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The two broad categories of fiber-reinforced composite liner repair and deposited weld metal repair technologies were reviewed and evaluated for potential application for internal repair of gas transmission pipelines. Both are used to some extent for other applications and could be further developed for internal, local, structural repair of gas transmission pipelines. Principal conclusions from a survey of natural gas transmission industry pipeline operators can be summarized in terms of the following performance requirements for internal repair: (1) Use of internal repair is most attractive for river crossings, under other bodies of water, in difficult soil conditions, under highways, under congested intersections, and under railway crossings. (2) Internal pipe repair offers a strong potential advantage to the high cost of horizontal direct drilling when a new bore must be created to solve a leak or other problem. (3) Typical travel distances can be divided into three distinct groups: up to 305 m (1,000 ft.); between 305 m and 610 m (1,000 ft. and 2,000 ft.); and beyond 914 m (3,000 ft.). All three groups require pig-based systems. A despooled umbilical system would suffice for the first two groups which represents 81% of survey respondents. The third group would require an onboard self-contained power unit for propulsion and welding/liner repair energy needs. (4) The most common size range for 80% to 90% of operators surveyed is 508 mm (20 in.) to 762 mm (30 in.), with 95% using 558.8 mm (22 in.) pipe. Evaluation trials were conducted on pipe sections with simulated corrosion damage repaired with glass fiber-reinforced composite liners, carbon fiber-reinforced composite liners, and weld deposition. Additional un-repaired pipe sections were evaluated in the virgin condition and with simulated damage. Hydrostatic failure pressures for pipe sections repaired with glass fiber-reinforced composite liner were only marginally greater than that of pipe sections without liners, indicating that this type of liner is only marginally effective at restoring the pressure containing capabilities of pipelines. Failure pressures for larger diameter pipe repaired with a semi-circular patch of carbon fiber-reinforced composite lines were also marginally greater than that of a pipe section with un-repaired simulated damage without a liner. These results indicate that fiber reinforced composite liners have the potential to increase the burst pressure of pipe sections with external damage Carbon fiber based liners are viewed as more promising than glass fiber based liners because of the potential for more closely matching the mechanical properties of steel. Pipe repaired with weld deposition failed at pressures lower than that of un-repaired pipe in both the virgin and damaged conditions, indicating that this repair technology is less effective at restoring the pressure containing capability of pipe than a carbon fiber-reinforced liner repair. Physical testing indicates that carbon fiber-reinforced liner repair is the most promising technology evaluated to-date. In lieu of a field installation on an abandoned pipeline, a preliminary nondestructive testing protocol is being developed to determine the success or failure of the fiber-reinforced liner pipeline repairs. Optimization and validation activities for carbon-fiber repair methods are ongoing.

Bill Bruce; Nancy Porter; George Ritter; Matt Boring; Mark Lozev; Ian Harris; Bill Mohr; Dennis Harwig; Robin Gordon; Chris Neary; Mike Sullivan

2005-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

248

Three dimensional scour along offshore pipelines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Three-dimensional scour propagation along offshore pipelines is a major reason to pipeline failures in an offshore environment. Although the research on scour in both numerical… (more)

Yeow, Kervin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Gas Pipeline Securities (Indiana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pipeline Securities (Indiana) Gas Pipeline Securities (Indiana) Eligibility Utility Investor-Owned Utility Industrial MunicipalPublic Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Fuel...

250

Natural Gas Pipeline Projects Completed in 2003  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 2. Natural Gas Pipeline Projects Completed in 2003; Ending Region & State: Begins in State - Region: Pipeline/Project Name: FERC Docket ...

251

Gas Pipelines (Texas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pipelines (Texas) Gas Pipelines (Texas) Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Construction MunicipalPublic Utility Local Government...

252

Pipeline Safety Rule (Tennessee) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Savings Pipeline Safety Rule (Tennessee) Pipeline Safety Rule (Tennessee) Eligibility Commercial...

253

NIST Building Facility for Hydrogen Pipeline Testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... long-term exposure to hydrogen can embrittle existing pipelines, increasing the ... term service tests and apply them to study pipeline materials and ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

254

Machinist Pipeline/Apprentice Program Program Description  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Machinist PipelineApprentice Program Program Description The Machinist Pipeline Program was created by the Prototype Fabrication Division to fill a critical need for skilled...

255

Time-Constrained Loop Pipelining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of Time-Constrained Loop Pipelining, i.e. given a fixed throughput, finding a schedule of a loop which minimizes resource requirements. This paper proposes a methodology, called TCLP, based on dividing the problem into ... Keywords: loop pipelining, scheduling, timing and resource contraints, register optimization

Fermin Sanchez

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Midwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste (Multiple States)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Midwest Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact is an agreement between the states of Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin that provides for the cooperative and safe...

257

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric)- Low Interest Energy Efficiency Loan Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy), in conjunction with Wells Fargo Bank, offers a low-interest loan for residential, commercial and agricultural customers who purchase and install energy...

258

Overcoming shadows of the past : post-conflict interstate reconciliation in East Asia and Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation explores the origins of interstate reconciliation after traumatic conflicts, mainly through the comparative study of postwar Sino-Japanese and (West) German-Polish relations. While Germany and Poland have ...

He, Yinan, 1970-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric)- Low Interest Energy Efficiency Loan Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Alliant Energy (Interstate Power and Light - IP&L) offers low-interest financing program for the installation of energy efficient improvements. Businesses, Residences, farms or ag-related...

260

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas)- Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Iowa)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Interstate Power and Light (IPL) offers a wide variety of incentives for commercial customers to save energy in eligible facilities, whether they are upgrading existing facilities or building new...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Composites Technology for Hydrogen Pipelines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Composites Technology Composites Technology for Hydrogen Pipelines Barton Smith, Barbara Frame, Larry Anovitz and Cliff Eberle Oak Ridge National Laboratory Pipeline Working Group Meeting Pipeline Working Group Meeting Aiken, South Carolina Aiken, South Carolina September 25-26, 2007 September 25-26, 2007 Managed by UT-Battelle for the Department of Energy 2 Managed by UT Battelle for the Department of Energy Presentation name - _ Composites Technology for Hydrogen Pipelines Fiber-reinforced polymer pipe Project Overview: Investigate application of has excellent burst and collapse composite, fiber-reinforced polymer pipeline pressure ratings, large tensile technology for hydrogen transmission and and compression strengths, and distribution. superior chemical and corrosion resistance. Long lengths can be

262

Petroleum storage and transportation capacities. Volume III. Petroleum pipeline  

SciTech Connect

Capacity data as of December 31, 1978, are presented for common carrier crude lines, refined petroleum product lines, and liquified petroleum gas/natural gas liquids (LPG/NGL) lines in the form of maps and tables. The maps include: a United States map, including all lines, for crude lines, petroleum product lines, and LPG/NGL lines, each separately; and Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) maps for crude and petroleum product lines, each separately. Tables presenting more detailed information than contained on the maps and intended to be used as a supplement to them are included in the Appendices. Several significant trends have developed in the years since the 1967 report was published. The United States has imported increasing amounts of foreign crude oil to supplement its declining domestic production. This foreign crude oil is imported through water terminals and their associated facilities and distributed through petroleum pipelines to inland refineries. Major amounts of imported crude oil are transported by pipeline from the Gulf Coast to the Central and upper Midwest refineries. The trend at the present time is to mix these individual crude oils having similar qualities and deliver the mixes to the refineries. Also, it has become common to batch various combinations of crude oil, refined product, LPG, and petrochemicals through a single pipeline. This ability to ship various petroleum materials in a single pipeline has enhanced the flexibility of the pipeline network.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

World pipeline construction to slip for 1994 and beyond  

SciTech Connect

World pipeline construction planned in 1994 and beyond has fallen in the past year, reflecting uncertainties in energy markets. Still, significant expansions are under way or planned for Latin America, Asia and the Pacific regions, and Europe. Latest Oil and Gas Journal data, derived from its survey of world pipeline operators, industry sources, and published information, show more than 55,000 miles of crude oil, product, and natural gas pipeline planned for 1994 and beyond. The data include projections for pipeline construction in Russia and former republics of the Soviet Union. Western Russia and all countries west of the Ural Mountains are included under totals for Europe, eastern Russia and countries east of the Urals under totals for the Asia-Pacific region. The paper discusses the following: European gas lines; North Sea projects; Gulf of Thailand; Yacheng subsea pipeline; Australian gas lines; other Asian lines; Russian activity; Algeria-Europe gas lines; Southeast US; Gulf gathering systems; Western US; South America; Trans-Ecuadorian expansion; Chilean gas network; and Bolivia-Brazil gas line.

Koen, A.D.; True, W.R.

1994-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

264

INTERNAL REPAIR OF PIPELINES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The two broad categories of fiber-reinforced composite liner repair and deposited weld metal repair technologies were reviewed and evaluated for potential application for internal repair of gas transmission pipelines. Both are used to some extent for other applications and could be further developed for internal, local, structural repair of gas transmission pipelines. Principal conclusions from a survey of natural gas transmission industry pipeline operators can be summarized in terms of the following performance requirements for internal repair: (1) Use of internal repair is most attractive for river crossings, under other bodies of water, in difficult soil conditions, under highways, under congested intersections, and under railway. (2) Internal pipe repair offers a strong potential advantage to the high cost of horizontal direct drilling when a new bore must be created to solve a leak or other problem. (3) Typical travel distances can be divided into three distinct groups: up to 305 m (1,000 ft.); between 305 m and 610 m (1,000 ft. and 2,000 ft.); and beyond 914 m (3,000 ft.). All three groups require pig-based systems. A despooled umbilical system would suffice for the first two groups which represents 81% of survey respondents. The third group would require an onboard self-contained power unit for propulsion and welding/liner repair energy needs. (4) The most common size range for 80% to 90% of operators surveyed is 508 mm (20 in.) to 762 mm (30 in.), with 95% using 558.8 mm (22 in.) pipe. Evaluation trials were conducted on pipe sections with simulated corrosion damage repaired with glass fiber-reinforced composite liners, carbon fiber-reinforced composite liners, and weld deposition. Additional un-repaired pipe sections were evaluated in the virgin condition and with simulated damage. Hydrostatic failure pressures for pipe sections repaired with glass fiber-reinforced composite liner were only marginally greater than that of pipe sections without liners, indicating that this type of liner is only marginally effective at restoring the pressure containing capabilities of pipelines. Failure pressures for larger diameter pipe repaired with a semi-circular patch of carbon fiber-reinforced composite lines were also marginally greater than that of a pipe section with un-repaired simulated damage without a liner. These results indicate that fiber reinforced composite liners have the potential to increase the burst pressure of pipe sections with external damage Carbon fiber based liners are viewed as more promising than glass fiber based liners because of the potential for more closely matching the mechanical properties of steel. Pipe repaired with weld deposition failed at pressures lower than that of un-repaired pipe in both the virgin and damaged conditions, indicating that this repair technology is less effective at restoring the pressure containing capability of pipe than a carbon fiber-reinforced liner repair. Physical testing indicates that carbon fiber-reinforced liner repair is the most promising technology evaluated to-date. Development of a comprehensive test plan for this process is recommended for use in the field trial portion of this program.

Robin Gordon; Bill Bruce; Ian Harris; Dennis Harwig; George Ritter; Bill Mohr; Matt Boring; Nancy Porter; Mike Sullivan; Chris Neary

2004-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

265

INTERNAL REPAIR OF PIPELINES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The two broad categories of fiber-reinforced composite liner repair and deposited weld metal repair technologies were reviewed and evaluated for potential application for internal repair of gas transmission pipelines. Both are used to some extent for other applications and could be further developed for internal, local, structural repair of gas transmission pipelines. Principal conclusions from a survey of natural gas transmission industry pipeline operators can be summarized in terms of the following performance requirements for internal repair: (1) Use of internal repair is most attractive for river crossings, under other bodies of water, in difficult soil conditions, under highways, under congested intersections, and under railway crossings. (2) Internal pipe repair offers a strong potential advantage to the high cost of horizontal direct drilling when a new bore must be created to solve a leak or other problem. (3) Typical travel distances can be divided into three distinct groups: up to 305 m (1,000 ft.); between 305 m and 610 m (1,000 ft. and 2,000 ft.); and beyond 914 m (3,000 ft.). All three groups require pig-based systems. A despooled umbilical system would suffice for the first two groups which represents 81% of survey respondents. The third group would require an onboard self-contained power unit for propulsion and welding/liner repair energy needs. (4) The most common size range for 80% to 90% of operators surveyed is 508 mm (20 in.) to 762 mm (30 in.), with 95% using 558.8 mm (22 in.) pipe. Evaluation trials were conducted on pipe sections with simulated corrosion damage repaired with glass fiber-reinforced composite liners, carbon fiber-reinforced composite liners, and weld deposition. Additional un-repaired pipe sections were evaluated in the virgin condition and with simulated damage. Hydrostatic failure pressures for pipe sections repaired with glass fiber-reinforced composite liner were only marginally greater than that of pipe sections without liners, indicating that this type of liner is only marginally effective at restoring the pressure containing capabilities of pipelines. Failure pressures for larger diameter pipe repaired with a semi-circular patch of carbon fiber-reinforced composite lines were also marginally greater than that of a pipe section with un-repaired simulated damage without a liner. These results indicate that fiber reinforced composite liners have the potential to increase the burst pressure of pipe sections with external damage Carbon fiber based liners are viewed as more promising than glass fiber based liners because of the potential for more closely matching the mechanical properties of steel. Pipe repaired with weld deposition failed at pressures lower than that of un-repaired pipe in both the virgin and damaged conditions, indicating that this repair technology is less effective at restoring the pressure containing capability of pipe than a carbon fiber-reinforced liner repair. Physical testing indicates that carbon fiber-reinforced liner repair is the most promising technology evaluated to-date. The first round of optimization and validation activities for carbon-fiber repairs are complete. Development of a comprehensive test plan for this process is recommended for use in the field trial portion of this program.

Robin Gordon; Bill Bruce; Ian Harris; Dennis Harwig; George Ritter; Bill Mohr; Matt Boring; Nancy Porter; Mike Sullivan; Chris Neary

2004-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

266

DOE Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pipeline Pipeline Working Group Workshop August 31, 2005 Augusta, Georgia Hydrogen Pipeline Experience Presented By: LeRoy H. Remp Lead Project Manager Pipeline Projects ppt00 3 Hydrogen Pipeline - Scope of Presentation Only those systems that are regulated by DOT in the US, DOT delegated state agency, or other federal regulatory authority. Cross property of third party and/or public properties for delivery to customers. Does not include in-plant or in-house hydrogen piping. Does not include piping (aboveground or underground) that delivers to a customer if all property is owned and controlled by Air Products and the customer. ppt00 4 Pipeline Photos ppt00 5 Pipeline Photos ppt00 6 Pipeline Photos ppt00 7 Pipeline Photos ppt00 8 Pipeline Photos ppt00 9 Overview of North American

267

Optimization Online - Validation of Nominations in Gas Network ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 30, 2012... the validation of nomination problem: Given a gas transmission network consisting of passive pipelines and active, controllable elements and ...

268

Analysis of oil-pipeline distribution of multiple products subject to delivery time-windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation defines the operational problems of, and develops solution methodologies for, a distribution of multiple products into oil pipeline subject to delivery time-windows constraints. A multiple-product oil pipeline is a pipeline system composing of pipes, pumps, valves and storage facilities used to transport different types of liquids. Typically, products delivered by pipelines are petroleum of different grades moving either from production facilities to refineries or from refineries to distributors. Time-windows, which are generally used in logistics and scheduling areas, are incorporated in this study. The distribution of multiple products into oil pipeline subject to delivery time-windows is modeled as multicommodity network flow structure and mathematically formulated. The main focus of this dissertation is the investigation of operating issues and problem complexity of single-source pipeline problems and also providing solution methodology to compute input schedule that yields minimum total time violation from due delivery time-windows. The problem is proved to be NP-complete. The heuristic approach, a reversed-flow algorithm, is developed based on pipeline flow reversibility to compute input schedule for the pipeline problem. This algorithm is implemented in no longer than O(T*E) time. This dissertation also extends the study to examine some operating attributes and problem complexity of multiple-source pipelines. The multiple-source pipeline problem is also NP-complete. A heuristic algorithm modified from the one used in single-source pipeline problems is introduced. This algorithm can also be implemented in no longer than O(T*E) time. Computational results are presented for both methodologies on randomly generated problem sets. The computational experience indicates that reversed-flow algorithms provide good solutions in comparison with the optimal solutions. Only 25% of the problems tested were more than 30% greater than optimal values and approximately 40% of the tested problems were solved optimally by the algorithms.

Jittamai, Phongchai

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

VNG's Hampton Roads Pipeline Crossing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VNG's Hampton Roads Pipeline Crossing VNG's Hampton Roads Pipeline Crossing FUPWG Conference Fall 2008 Williamsburg, Virginia Connection to DTI at Quantico Columbia Limitations South Hampton Roads served by a single pipeline Southside dependent on back up systems LNG Propane/air Two supply sources to VNG What if we connected pipelines? It would take Two Water Crossings Two Compressor Stations Construction in densely populated cities It could Deliver over 200,000 Dth of incremental supply Serve VNG, Columbia and Dominion customers ...we would get... Hampton Roads Crossing - HRX Hampton / Newport News Craney Island Norfolk 21 miles of 24" pipe 7 miles in Hampton/Newport News 4 miles in Norfolk 10 miles of water and island crossing 4 mile harbor crossing 4.5 miles on Craney

270

Magnetic Resonance Connectome Automated Pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This manuscript presents a novel, tightly integrated pipeline for estimating a connectome, which is a comprehensive description of the neural circuits in the brain. The pipeline utilizes magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data to produce a high-level estimate of the structural connectivity in the human brain. The Magnetic Resonance Connectome Automated Pipeline (MRCAP) is efficient and its modular construction allows researchers to modify algorithms to meet their specific requirements. The pipeline has been validated and over 200 connectomes have been processed and analyzed to date. This tool enables the prediction and assessment of various cognitive covariates, and this research is applicable to a variety of domains and applications. MRCAP will enable MR connectomes to be rapidly generated to ultimately help spur discoveries about the structure and function of the human brain.

Gray, William R; Vogelstein, Joshua T; Landman, Bennett A; Prince, Jerry L; Vogelstein, R Jacob

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Gas Utility Pipeline Tax (Texas)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

All gas utilities, including any entity that owns, manages, operates, leases, or controls a pipeline for the purpose of transporting natural gas in the state for sale or compensation, as well as...

272

Common Pipeline Carriers (North Dakota)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Any entity that owns, operates, or manages a pipeline for the purpose of transporting crude petroleum, gas, coal, or carbon dioxide within or through the state of North Dakota, or is engaged in the...

273

New Materials for Hydrogen Pipelines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Barbara Frame, Mike Simonson, Cliff Eberle, Jim Blencoe, and Tim Armstrong Hydrogen Pipeline R&D Project Review Meeting January 5-6, 2005 Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2 OAK...

274

Pipeline Processing of VLBI Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As part of an on-going effort to simplify the data analysis path for VLBI experiments, a pipeline procedure has been developed at JIVE to carry out much of the data reduction required for EVN experiments in an automated fashion. This pipeline procedure runs entirely within AIPS, the standard data reduction package used in astronomical VLBI, and is used to provide preliminary calibration of EVN experiments correlated at the EVN MkIV data processor. As well as simplifying the analysis for EVN users, the pipeline reduces the delay in providing information on the data quality to participating telescopes, hence improving the overall performance of the array. A description of this pipeline is presented here.

C. Reynolds; Z. Paragi; M. Garrett

2002-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

275

Decoupled Sampling for Graphics Pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a generalized approach to decoupling shading from visibility sampling in graphics pipelines, which we call decoupled sampling. Decoupled sampling enables stochastic supersampling of motion and defocus blur at ...

Ragan-Kelley, Jonathan Millar

276

The pipeline and future of drug development in schizophrenia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Pipeline and Future of Drug Development in SchizophreniaThe Drug Discovery Pipeline in Schizophrenia Keywords:discuss the current pipeline of drugs for schizophrenia,

Gray, J A; Roth, B L

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Prepared by Interstate Technology and Regulatory Cooperation Work Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

national coalition of personnel from the environmental regulatory agencies of some 40 states and the District of Columbia; three federal agencies; tribes; and public and industry stakeholders. The organization is devoted to reducing barriers to, and speeding interstate deployment of, better, more cost-effective, innovative environmental techniques. ITRC operates as a committee of the Environmental Research Institute of the States (ERIS), a Section 501(c)(3) public charity that supports the Environmental Council of the States (ECOS) through its educational and research activities aimed at improving the environment in the United States and providing a forum for state environmental policy makers. More information about ITRC and its available products and services can be found on the Internet at www.itrcweb.org. DISCLAIMER This document is designed to help regulators and others develop a consistent approach to their evaluation, regulatory approval, and deployment of specific technologies at specific sites. Although the information in this document is believed to be reliable and accurate, this document and all material set forth herein are provided without warranties of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to warranties of the accuracy or completeness of information

unknown authors

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Environmental effects of interstate power trading on electricity consumption mixes  

SciTech Connect

Although many studies of electricity generation use national or state average generation mix assumptions, in reality a great deal of electricity is transferred between states with very different mixes of fossil and renewable fuels, and using the average numbers could result in incorrect conclusions in these studies. The authors create electricity consumption profiles for each state and for key industry sectors in the U.S. based on existing state generation profiles, net state power imports, industry presence by state, and an optimization model to estimate interstate electricity trading. Using these 'consumption mixes' can provide a more accurate assessment of electricity use in life-cycle analyses. It is concluded that the published generation mixes for states that import power are misleading, since the power consumed in-state has a different makeup than the power that was generated. And, while most industry sectors have consumption mixes similar to the U.S. average, some of the most critical sectors of the economy - such as resource extraction and material processing sectors - are very different. This result does validate the average mix assumption made in many environmental assessments, but it is important to accurately quantify the generation methods for electricity used when doing life-cycle analyses. 16 refs., 7 figs., 2 tabs.

Joe Marriott; H. Scott Matthews [Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

279

Pipeline Safety (Pennsylvania) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pipeline Safety (Pennsylvania) Pipeline Safety (Pennsylvania) Pipeline Safety (Pennsylvania) < Back Eligibility Utility Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Program Info State Pennsylvania Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Pennsylvania Public Utilities Commission The Pennsylvania legislature has empowered the Public Utility Commission to direct and enforce safety standards for pipeline facilities and to regulate safety practices of certificated utilities engaged in the transportation of natural gas and other gas by pipeline. The Commission is authorized to enforce federal safety standards as an agent for the U.S. Department of Transportation's Office of Pipeline Safety. The safety standards apply to the design, installation, operation,

280

EIA - AEO2010 - Clean Air Interstate Rule: Changes and modeling in AEO2010  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Clean Air Interstate Rule: Changes and modeling in AEO2010 Clean Air Interstate Rule: Changes and modeling in AEO2010 Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Clean Air Interstate Rule: Changes and modeling in AEO2010 On December 23, 2008, the D.C. Circuit Court remanded but did not vacate CAIR [17], overriding its previous decision on February 8, 2008, to remand and vacate CAIR. The December decision, which is reflected in AEO2010, allows CAIR to remain in effect, providing time for the EPA to modify the rule in order to address objections raised by the Court in its earlier decision. A similar rule, referred to as the CAMR, which was to set up a cap-and-trade system for reducing mercury emissions by approximately 70 percent, is not represented in the AEO2010 projections, because it was vacated by the D.C. Circuit Court in February 2008.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

TASSEL: MLM/GLM Pipeline: Guide to using Tassel Pipeline Terry Casstevens (tmc46@cornell.edu), Zhiwu Zhang, Peter Bradbury, and Edward  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 TASSEL: MLM/GLM Pipeline: Guide to using Tassel Pipeline Terry Casstevens (tmc46@cornell..............................................................................................................................................................2 Appendix A: MLM Pipeline Diagrams..........................................................................................................3 Appendix B: GLM Pipeline Diagrams

Buckler, Edward S.

282

Application Filing Requirements for Natural Gas Pipeline Construction...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Application Filing Requirements for Natural Gas Pipeline Construction Projects (Wisconsin) Application Filing Requirements for Natural Gas Pipeline Construction Projects...

283

U.S. International and Interstate Movements of Natural Gas by State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

International & Interstate Movements of Natural Gas by State International & Interstate Movements of Natural Gas by State (Million Cubic Feet) Area: U.S. Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Gulf of Mexico Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Period:

284

Co-scheduling hardware and software pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we propose CO-Scheduling, a framework for simultaneous design of hardware pipelines struc-tures and software-pipelined schedules. Two important components of the Co-Scheduling framework are: (1) An extension to the analysis of hardware pipeline design that meets the needs of periodic (or software pipelined) schedules. Reservation tables, forbidden la-tencies, collision vectors, and state diagrams from classical pipeline theory are revisited and extended to solve the new problems. (2) An efficient method, based on the above extension of pipeline analysis, to perform (a) software pipeline scheduling and (b) hardware pipeline reconfiguration which are mutually “compatible ”. The proposed method has been implemented and pre-liminary experimental results for 1008 kernel loops are reported. Co-scheduling successfully obtains a sched-ule for 95 % of these loops. The median time to obtain these schedules is 0.25 seconds on a Sparc-20. Keywords:

R. Govindarajan; Erik R. Altman; Guang R. Gao

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Maurer computers for pipelined instruction processing†  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We model micro-architectures with non-pipelined instruction processing and pipelined instruction processing using Maurer machines, basic thread algebra and program algebra. We show that stored programs are executed as intended with these micro-architectures. ...

J. a. Bergstra; C. a. Middelburg

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Method and system for pipeline communication  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pipeline communication system and method includes a pipeline having a surface extending along at least a portion of the length of the pipeline. A conductive bus is formed to and extends along a portion of the surface of the pipeline. The conductive bus includes a first conductive trace and a second conductive trace with the first and second conductive traces being adapted to conformally couple with a pipeline at the surface extending along at least a portion of the length of the pipeline. A transmitter for sending information along the conductive bus on the pipeline is coupled thereto and a receiver for receiving the information from the conductive bus on the pipeline is also couple to the conductive bus.

Richardson; John G. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2008-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

287

Pipeline Rupture: Review of Common Metallurgical Failure ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Failure Analysis and Prevention. Presentation Title, Pipeline Rupture: Review ...

288

Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Activities Department of Transportation...

289

Computer Science and Information Technology Student Pipeline  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Student Pipeline Program Description Los Alamos National Laboratory's High Performance Computing and Information Technology Divisions recruit and hire promising...

290

Regional Profiles: Pipeline Capacity and Service  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Regional Profiles: Pipeline Capacity ... large petrochemical and electric utility industries drawn there ... accounts for large electricity load ...

291

Seismic fragility formulations for segmented buried pipeline systems including the impact of differential ground subsidence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Though Differential Ground Subsidence (DGS) impacts the seismic response of segmented buried pipelines augmenting their vulnerability, fragility formulations to estimate repair rates under such condition are not available in the literature. Physical models to estimate pipeline seismic damage considering other cases of permanent ground subsidence (e.g. faulting, tectonic uplift, liquefaction, and landslides) have been extensively reported, not being the case of DGS. The refinement of the study of two important phenomena in Mexico City - the 1985 Michoacan earthquake scenario and the sinking of the city due to ground subsidence - has contributed to the analysis of the interrelation of pipeline damage, ground motion intensity, and DGS; from the analysis of the 48-inch pipeline network of the Mexico City's Water System, fragility formulations for segmented buried pipeline systems for two DGS levels are proposed. The novel parameter PGV{sup 2}/PGA, being PGV peak ground velocity and PGA peak ground acceleration, has been used as seismic parameter in these formulations, since it has shown better correlation to pipeline damage than PGV alone according to previous studies. By comparing the proposed fragilities, it is concluded that a change in the DGS level (from Low-Medium to High) could increase the pipeline repair rates (number of repairs per kilometer) by factors ranging from 1.3 to 2.0; being the higher the seismic intensity the lower the factor.

Pineda Porras, Omar Andrey [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ordaz, Mario [UNAM, MEXICO CITY

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Liquefaction and Pipeline Costs Bruce Kelly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Liquefaction and Pipeline Costs Bruce Kelly Nexant, Inc. Hydrogen Delivery Analysis Meeting May 8 total installed cost #12;6 Distribution Pipeline Costs Collected historical Oil & Gas Journal data, and surveyed for current urban and downtown data Verified that historical natural gas pipeline cost data

293

Pipeline Safety Program Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pipeline Safety Program Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT-Battelle, LLC for the U support to the U.S. Department of Transportation's Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA). As a federal regulatory authority with jurisdiction over pipeline safety, PHMSA is responsible

294

Tassel Pipeline Tutorial (Command Line Interface)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tassel Pipeline Tutorial (Command Line Interface) Terry Casstevens Institute for Genomic Diversity, Cornell University May 11, 2011 #12;Tassel Pipeline Basics... · Consists of Modules (i.e. Plugins) · Output from one Module can be Input to another Module. Determined by order specified. run_pipeline

Buckler, Edward S.

295

Energy Reduction in California Pipeline Operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Reduction in California Pipeline Operations Industrial/Agriculture/Water End-Use PIER The Issue Fluid pipelines operating in California transport gasoline, fuel oil, jet fuel, crude, other hydrocarbons, and water, all vital to the wellbeing of Californias economy. These pipelines are also

296

California Energy Commission Pipeline Integrity Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

California Energy Commission Pipeline Integrity Technology Demonstration Grant California Energy Solicitation Scope · The purpose of this solicitation is to demonstrate natural gas pipeline inspection using low cost/low power sensors ­ Improvement of existing pipeline inspection technology to identify

297

Intrastate Pipeline Safety (Minnesota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Intrastate Pipeline Safety (Minnesota) Intrastate Pipeline Safety (Minnesota) Intrastate Pipeline Safety (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Siting and Permitting These regulations provide standards for gas and liquid pipeline maintenance and operating procedures, per the Federal Hazardous Liquid and Natural Gas Pipeline Safety Acts, and give the commissioner of public safety the

298

Clean Development Mechanism Pipeline | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Development Mechanism Pipeline Clean Development Mechanism Pipeline Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Clean Development Mechanism Pipeline Agency/Company /Organization: UNEP-Risoe Centre, United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Finance, Implementation, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.cdmpipeline.org/overview.htm Clean Development Mechanism Pipeline Screenshot References: CDM Pipeline[1] Overview "The CDM/JI Pipeline Analysis and Database contains all CDM/JI projects that have been sent for validation/determination. It also contains the baseline & monitoring methodologies, a list of DOEs and several analyses. This monthly newsletter shows a sample of the analysis in the Pipeline. If you want more information, then look into the left column and click on the

299

A Unified View on Relaxations for a Nonlinear Network Flow Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 7, 2013 ... Given is such network with active and passive components, that is, valves, compressors, pressure regulators (active) and pipelines (passive), ...

300

Capsule injection system for a hydraulic capsule pipelining system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An injection system for injecting capsules into a hydraulic capsule pipelining system, the pipelining system comprising a pipeline adapted for flow of a carrier liquid therethrough, and capsules adapted to be transported through the pipeline by the carrier liquid flowing through the pipeline. The injection system comprises a reservoir of carrier liquid, the pipeline extending within the reservoir and extending downstream out of the reservoir, and a magazine in the reservoir for holding capsules in a series, one above another, for injection into the pipeline in the reservoir. The magazine has a lower end in communication with the pipeline in the reservoir for delivery of capsules from the magazine into the pipeline.

Liu, Henry (Columbia, MO)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Workforce Pipeline | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diversity Diversity Message from the Lab Director Diversity & Inclusion Advisory Council Workforce Pipeline Mentoring Leadership Development Policies & Practices Business Diversity Outreach & Education In the News High school workshop invites girls to explore STEM possibilities Daily Herald EcoCAR 2 competition drives auto engineers to excel Yuma (Ariz.) Sun Mississippi universities collaborate with national labs Mississippi Public Radio Workforce Pipeline Argonne seeks to attract, hire and retain a diverse set of talent in order to meet the laboratory's mission of excellence in science, engineering and technology. In order for Argonne to continue to carry out world-class science, the lab needs to seek out the best talent. Today, that talent is increasingly diverse. Argonne fosters an environment that welcomes and values a diverse

302

BENCHMARKING EMERGING PIPELINE INSPECTION TECHNOLOGIES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benchmarking Emerging Pipeline Inspection Technologies To Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) DE-AP26-04NT40361 and Department of Transportation Research and Special Programs Administration (RSPA) DTRS56-02-T-0002 (Milestone 7) September 2004 Final Report on Benchmarking Emerging Pipeline Inspection Technologies Cofunded by Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) DE-AP26-04NT40361 and Department of Transportation Research and Special Programs Administration (RSPA) DTRS56-02-T-0002 (Milestone 7) by Stephanie A. Flamberg and Robert C. Gertler September 2004 BATTELLE 505 King Avenue Columbus, Ohio 43201-2693 Neither Battelle, nor any person acting on their behalf: (1) Makes any warranty or representation, expressed or implied, with respect to the

303

Analytic prognostic for petrochemical pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pipelines tubes are part of vital mechanical systems largely used in petrochemical industries. They serve to transport natural gases or liquids. They are cylindrical tubes and are submitted to the risks of corrosion due to high PH concentrations of the transported liquids in addition to fatigue cracks due to the alternation of pressure-depression of gas along the time, initiating therefore in the tubes body micro-cracks that can propagate abruptly to lead to failure. The development of the prognostic process for such systems increases largely their performance and their availability, as well decreases the global cost of their missions. Therefore, this paper deals with a new prognostic approach to improve the performance of these pipelines. Only the first mode of crack, that is, the opening mode, is considered.

Abdo Abou Jaoude; Seifedine Kadry; Khaled El-Tawil; Hassan Noura; Mustapha Ouladsine

2012-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

304

Analytic prognostic for petrochemical pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pipelines tubes are part of vital mechanical systems largely used in petrochemical industries. They serve to transport natural gases or liquids. They are cylindrical tubes and are submitted to the risks of corrosion due to high PH concentrations of the transported liquids in addition to fatigue cracks due to the alternation of pressure-depression of gas along the time, initiating therefore in the tubes body micro-cracks that can propagate abruptly to lead to failure. The development of the prognostic process for such systems increases largely their performance and their availability, as well decreases the global cost of their missions. Therefore, this paper deals with a new prognostic approach to improve the performance of these pipelines. Only the first mode of crack, that is, the opening mode, is considered.

Jaoude, Abdo Abou; El-Tawil, Khaled; Noura, Hassan; Ouladsine, Mustapha

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Time-Constrained Loop Pipelining  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of Time-Constrained Loop Pipelining, i.e. given a fixed throughput, finding a schedule of a loop which minimizes resource requirements. We propose a methodology, called TCLP, based on dividing the problem into two simpler and independent tasks: retiming and scheduling. TCLP explores different sets of resources, searchingfor a maximum resource utilization. This reduces area requirements. After a minimum set of resourceshas been found, the execution throughput is increased and the number of registers required by the loop schedule is reduced. TCLP attempts to generate a schedule which minimizes cost in time and area (resources and registers). The results show that TCLP obtains optimal schedules in most cases. 1 Introduction This paper presents TCLP, a methodology to solve TimeConstrained Loop Pipelining. TCLP is NP-complete [3]. Two types of timing constraints (TCs) have been considered in the literature: local TCs to specify minimum and/or maximum TCs ...

Fermn Sanchez; Jordi Cortadella

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Questions and Issues on Hydrogen Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Questions and Issues on Hydrogen Pipelines Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen Doe Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Meeting August 31, 2005 #12;Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen --- 2 Copyright: Air Liquide Pipeline Inventory Breakdown by gases 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 KM N2 2956 km O2 3447 km H2 1736

307

Pipeline-Centric Provenance Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we propose a new provenance model which is tailored to a class of workflow-based applications. We motivate the approach with use cases from the astronomy community. We generalize the class of applications the approach is relevant to and propose a pipeline-centric provenance model. Finally, we evaluate the benefits in terms of storage needed by the approach when applied to an astronomy application.

Groth, Paul; Juve, Gideon; Mehta, Gaurang; Berriman, Bruce

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Digital production pipelines: examining structures and methods in the computer effects industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computer animated films require collaboration: blending artistic concept with technical skill, meeting budget constraints and adhering to deadlines. The path which production follows from initial idea to finished product is known as the pipeline. The purpose of this thesis is to collect, study and share information regarding production pipeline practices and to derive a conceptual definition. Research focused on selected companies in the United States which have produced at least one feature-length computer generated film and continue to produce them. The key finding of this thesis is a conceptual definition of digital production pipelines: A digital production pipeline must, by definition, utilize digital computing hardware and software to facilitate human work and collaboration for the overarching purpose of producing content for film. The digital production pipeline is not a structure, but rather a malleable set of components which can be arranged, configured, and adapted into new structures as needed. These malleable components are human groups with assigned task domains, and digital hardware and software systems. The human groups are normally referred to as departments or teams. The digital hardware and software systems are operating systems, software tools and applications, networks, processors, and storage. The digital production pipeline is the synergy of these two types of components into adaptable systems and structures.

Bettis, Dane Edward

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

A MathCAD procedure for commercial pipeline hydraulic design considering local energy losses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a power type equation for friction factor, this paper presents a design procedure which provides accurate solutions for three types of pipe design problems (Types A-C) taking into consideration the effect of local losses. The parameters introduced ... Keywords: Commercial pipes, MathCAD, Pipe hydraulics, Pipeline design, Pressurized flows, Software, Steady-state analysis, Water distribution networks

Gürol Y?ld?r?m; Vijay P. Singh

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Kinder Morgan Central Florida Pipeline Ethanol Project  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

KINDER MORGAN CENTRAL FLORIDA PIPELINE ETHANOL PROJECT ï‚· In December 2008, Kinder Morgan began transporting commercial batches of denatured ethanol along with gasoline shipments in its 16-inch Central Florida Pipeline (CFPL) from Tampa to Orlando, making CFPL the first transmarket gasoline pipeline in the United States to do so. The 16-inch pipeline previously only transported regular and premium gasoline. ï‚· Kinder Morgan invested approximately $10 million to modify the line for ethanol shipments which involved chemically cleaning the pipeline, replacing pipeline equipment that was incompatible with ethanol and expanding storage capacity at its Orlando terminal to handle ethanol shipments. ï‚· Kinder Morgan is responding to customer interest in ethanol blending. Our Florida

311

Ultrasonic Computerized Tomography of Pipelines for Continuous ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Commercial handheld thickness gauging devices require direct access to pipelines and find limited applications due to the presence of physical obstacles or the ...

312

Measuring wall forces in a slurry pipeline.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Slurry transport is a key material handling technology in a number of industries. In oilsands ore transport, slurry pipelining also promotes conditioning to release and… (more)

El-Sayed, Suheil

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

EIA-802 WEEKLY PRODUCT PIPELINE REPORT INSTRUCTIONS  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA-802, Weekly Product Pipeline Report Page 3 PART 4. DIESEL FUEL DOWNGRADED ULSD-- EIA Product Code 465, “distillate fuel oil 15 ppm sulfur

314

Hazardous Liquid Pipelines and Storage Facilities (Iowa)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This statute regulates the permitting, construction, monitoring, and operation of pipelines transporting hazardous liquids, including petroleum products and coal slurries. The definition used in...

315

Detection and Location of Damage on Pipelines  

SciTech Connect

The INEEL has developed and successfully tested a real-time pipeline damage detection and location system. This system uses porous metal resistive traces applied to the pipe to detect and locate damage. The porous metal resistive traces are sprayed along the length of a pipeline. The unique nature and arrangement of the traces allows locating the damage in real time along miles of pipe. This system allows pipeline operators to detect damage when and where it is occurring, and the decision to shut down a transmission pipeline can be made with actual real-time data, instead of conservative estimates from visual inspection above the area.

Karen A. Moore; Robert Carrington; John Richardson

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

GLAST (FERMI) Data-Processing Pipeline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Data Processing Pipeline ('Pipeline') has been developed for the Gamma-Ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST) which launched June 11, 2008. It generically processes graphs of dependent tasks, maintaining a full record of its state, history and data products. The Pipeline is used to automatically process the data down-linked from the satellite and to deliver science products to the GLAST collaboration and the Science Support Center and has been in continuous use since launch with great success. The pipeline handles up to 2000 concurrent jobs and in reconstructing science data produces approximately 750GB of data products using 1/2 CPU-year of processing time per day.

Flath, Daniel L.; Johnson, Tony S.; Turri, Massimiliano; Heidenreich, Karen A.; /SLAC

2011-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

317

ORNL Genome Analysis Pipeline - Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grail (Microbial Gene Prediction System Internet Link) GrailEXP Genome Analysis Pipeline DomainParser PROSPECT (PROtein Structure Prediction and Evaluation Computer Toolkit)...

318

Why improve the pipeline for comparative transcriptomics?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plans Educational Resources MyJGI: Information for Collaborators Why improve the pipeline for comparative transcriptomics? The genomes of several brown rot and white rot fungi...

319

4.6.2. Alaska Pipeline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

4. Process Modeling 4.6. Case Studies in Process Modeling 4.6.2. Alaska Pipeline. Non-Homogeneous Variances, This ...

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

320

Materials Solutions for Hydrogen Delivery in Pipelines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

welding filler wires and processes that would be suitable for construction of new pipeline infrastructure - To develop barrier coatings for minimizing hydrogen permeation in...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Exploring Pipeline Dynamics to Connect New Markets  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gas Shales in the United States. 8. Cumulative Unconventional Production, 2007-2030 (trillion cubic feet) 9. Rockies Express Pipeline (REX) 10.

322

Pipeline and Gas Journal`s 1998 annual pipeline directory and equipment guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The tables provide information on line pipe sizes, walls, grades, and manufacturing processes. Data are presented by manufacturer within each country. Also tabulated are engineering and construction service companies, crude oil pipeline companies, products pipeline companies, natural gas pipeline companies, gas distribution companies, and municipal gas systems in the US. There is also a Canadian and an international directory.

NONE

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Stakeholder perspectives on the Clean Air Interstate and the Clean Air Mercury Rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a follow-up to last month's detailed overviews of the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) and the Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR), this month EM presents perspectives on the two rules from representatives of a range of stakeholders, including EPA, the states, the regulated community, and the environmental community. Titles of the perspectives are: A Multipollutant Approach to Emissions Reductions; Clean Air Lessons from the Myth of Sisyphus; Reactions to EPA's Clean Air Interstate and Clean Air Mercury Rules; The Case for Coal Rank Subcategorization to Regulate Mercury Emissions; EPA's Mercury Rule: The Latest Delay Tactic; EPA's Mercury Rule: With Technology Today, We Can Do Better; STAPPA/ALAPCO's Perspectives on CAMR and CAIR. 16 refs.

C.V. Mathai; Jeffrey Holmstead; Michael Shore; Skiles Boyd; Vicky Sullivan; Dan Weiss; John Kinsman; Steve Lomax; Michael Rossler; David Steele; Greg Schaefer; Felice Stadler; David Foerter; William Becker [Arizona Public Services, Phoenix, AZ (US)

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Optimization of energy and throughput for pipelined VLSI interconnect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

given a wire length, optimized pipeline energy decreases asFigure 7 shows pipeline energy per bit versus wire length asOptimal pipeline depth is proportional to wire length, and

Hamilton, Kevin Clark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Structural Genomics of Minimal Organisms: Pipeline and Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Minimal Organisms: Pipeline and Results Sung-Hou Kim*,~500 genes, respectively). Pipeline: To achieve our mission,determination. Over all pipeline schemes for the single-path

Kim, Sung-Hou

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Natural Gas Pipeline Research: Best Practices in Monitoring Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural Gas Pipeline Research: Best Practices in Monitoring Technology Energy Systems Research pipelines from outofstate supply basins located in the southwestern United States, the Rocky Mountains, and Canada. These pipelines run throughout the state, including underneath high population areas

327

Trenches Under The Pipeline: The Educational Trajectories of Chicano Male Continuation High School Students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trenches Under The Pipeline: The Educational Trajectories ofnavigate the educational pipeline, continuation high school

Malagon, Maria

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Longitudinal review of state-level accident statistics for carriers of interstate freight  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

State-level accident rates by mode of freight transport have been developed and refined for application to the US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) environmental mitigation program, which may involve large-quantity shipments of hazardous and mixed wastes from DOE facilities. These rates reflect multi-year data for interstate-registered highway earners, American Association of Railroads member carriers, and coastal and internal waterway barge traffic. Adjustments have been made to account for the share of highway combination-truck traffic actually attributable to interstate-registered carriers and for duplicate or otherwise inaccurate entries in the public-use accident data files used. State-to-state variation in rates is discussed, as is the stability of rates over time. Computed highway rates have been verified with actual carriers of high- and low-level nuclear materials, and the most recent truck accident data have been used, to ensure that the results are of the correct order of magnitude. Study conclusions suggest that DOE use the computed rates for the three modes until (1) improved estimation techniques for highway combination-truck miles by state become available; (2) continued evolution of the railroad industry significantly increases the consolidation of interstate rail traffic onto fewer high-capacity trunk lines; or (3) a large-scale off-site waste shipment campaign is imminent.

Saricks, C.; Kvitek, T.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Interstate and intrastate incidence of Oklahoma's severance tax on natural gas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two models, an intrastate model and an interstate model, are developed based on Shelton and Vogt's (1982) coal-severance tax model. Both models are based on a formal demand and supply framework which incorporated the most-important determinants of the demand for and the supply of natural gas. Two reduced-form equations derived from these models are estimated, using ordinary least-square techniques. About 91% of the Oklahoma severance-tax revenue collected from intrastate natural gas sales is paid by Oklahoma consumers; 9% is paid by producers and mineral-rights owners. Less than 9% of this portion of the tax may be exported. About 97% of the Oklahoma severance-tax revenue collected from interstate natural gas sales is paid by out-of-state consumers. Three percent of this tax revenue is paid by producers and mineral rights owners. Over 97% of this portion of the tax may be exported. Over one-half of the taxes collected in both markets may be exported to federal taxpayers through federal tax deductibility. Findings show a large portion of Oklahoma natural gas severance taxes levied on interstate sales may be exported. In this way, the severance tax meets the exportation criterion of a good tax.

Hsu, C.H.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Oklahoma - State Energy Profile Data - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Exxon, Koch, PDIM, Phillips, Trans Texas. Interstate Natural Gas Pipelines : ANR Pipeline Co., Centerpoint Energy Gas Transmission Co., Colorado Interstate Gas ...

331

Kansas Profile - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

ANR Pipeline Co., Centerpoint Energy Gas Transmission Co., Colorado Interstate Gas, KM Interstate Gas Co., Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America, ...

332

Hydrogen Permeability and Integrity of Hydrogen Delivery Pipelines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Permeability and Permeability and Integrity of Hydrogen Delivery Pipelines Z. Feng*, L.M. Anovitz*, J.G. Blencoe*, S. Babu*, and P. S. Korinko** * Oak Ridge National Laboratory * Savannah River National Laboratory August 30, 2005 2 OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Partners and Collaborators * Oak Ridge National Laboratory - Project lead * Savannah River National Laboratory - Low H 2 pressure permeation test * Edison Welding Institute - Pipeline materials * Lincoln Electric Company - Welding electrode and weld materials for pipelines * Trans Canada - Commercial welding of pipelines and industry expectations * DOE Pipeline Working Group and Tech Team activities - FRP Hydrogen Pipelines - Materials Solutions for Hydrogen Delivery in Pipelines - Natural Gas Pipelines for Hydrogen Use

333

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2005 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2005 Hydrogen Pipeline 2005 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2005 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2005 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on Twitter Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2005 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on Google Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2005 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on Delicious Rank Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2005 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on Digg Find More places to share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2005 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on AddThis.com... Publications Program Publications Technical Publications Educational Publications Newsletter Program Presentations

334

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2007 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2007 Hydrogen Pipeline 2007 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2007 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2007 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on Twitter Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2007 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on Google Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2007 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on Delicious Rank Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2007 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on Digg Find More places to share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2007 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on AddThis.com... Publications Program Publications Technical Publications Educational Publications Newsletter Program Presentations

335

Upheaval Buckling of Offshore Pipelines in Homogeneous and Layered Soils.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Offshore oil and gas pipelines are commonly buried below the seabed to provide environmental stability and protection. Many of these pipelines are prone to upheaval… (more)

Deljoui, Porang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Sequencing Technologies and Computational pipelines at the JGI  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sequencing Technologies and Computational pipelines at the JGI Sequencing Technologies and Computational pipelines at the JGI September 17, 2013 JGI logo 2 James Han, JGI...

337

BLOCKAGE DETECTION IN NATURAL GAS PIPELINES BY TRANSIENT ANALYSIS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Pipelines are the most reliable means for the transportation of natural gas. A major problem of flow assurance in natural gas pipelines is solid deposition… (more)

ADELEKE, NAJEEM

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Modeling fatique behavior of dents in petroleum pipelines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Dents in pipelines can seriously reduce the design life of a pipeline. Dents cause stress concentrations to develop which make dents susceptible to fatigue failures.… (more)

Hoffmann, Roger Lynn

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Penitas, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Penitas, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Penitas, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico...

340

Efficient Compression of CO2 and Pipeline Transport ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Final pressure around 1,500 to 2,200 psia for pipeline transport or re-injection. ... Perform optimization of pipeline booster stations ...

2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Hidalgo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Hidalgo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Hidalgo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico...

342

Alamo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Alamo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Alamo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico...

343

St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to...

344

Ogilby, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Ogilby, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Ogilby, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico...

345

Nevada Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Nevada Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Nevada Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution...

346

Idaho Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Idaho Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Idaho Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...

347

Delaware Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Delaware Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Delaware Natural Gas Pipeline and...

348

Kansas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Kansas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Kansas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution...

349

California Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) California Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) California Natural Gas Pipeline and...

350

California Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) California Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) California Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use...

351

Nevada Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Nevada Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Nevada Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...

352

Delaware Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Delaware Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Delaware Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...

353

Penitas, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Penitas, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Penitas, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports...

354

Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...

355

Minnesota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Minnesota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...

356

Oregon Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Oregon Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Oregon Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...

357

Alabama Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Alabama Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Alabama Natural Gas Pipeline and...

358

Roma, Texas Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Roma, Texas Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Roma, Texas Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico...

359

Kansas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Kansas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Kansas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...

360

Calexico, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Calexico, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Calexico, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Utah Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Utah Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Utah Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...

362

Washington Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Washington Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Washington Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use...

363

Alabama Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Alabama Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Alabama Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...

364

Penitas, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Penitas, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Penitas, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico...

365

Massachusetts Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Massachusetts Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Massachusetts Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use...

366

Kentucky Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Kentucky Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Kentucky Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...

367

Special Provisions Affecting Gas, Water, or Pipeline Companies...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Agencies You are here Home Savings Special Provisions Affecting Gas, Water, or Pipeline Companies (South Carolina) Special Provisions Affecting Gas, Water, or Pipeline...

368

Florida Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Florida Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Florida Natural Gas Pipeline and...

369

Indiana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Indiana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Indiana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...

370

Clint, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Clint, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Clint, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico...

371

Virginia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Virginia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Virginia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...

372

Hidalgo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Hidalgo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Hidalgo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico...

373

Hydrogen Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels: Causes and Remediation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 January 2005 HYDROGEN EMBRITTLEMENT OF PIPELINE STEELS: CAUSES AND REMEDIATION P. Sofronis, I. Robertson, D. Johnson University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Hydrogen Pipeline...

374

Alamo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Alamo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Alamo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Million...

375

Ohio Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Ohio Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Ohio Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...

376

Texas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Texas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Texas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...

377

Louisiana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Louisiana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Louisiana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...

378

Hawaii Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Hawaii Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Hawaii Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...

379

Hidalgo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Hidalgo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Hidalgo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Exports...

380

Georgia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Georgia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Georgia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Oklahoma Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Oklahoma Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Natural Gas Pipeline and...

382

Florida Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Florida Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Florida Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...

383

Vermont Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Vermont Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Vermont Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...

384

Massachusetts Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Massachusetts Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Massachusetts Natural Gas Pipeline...

385

Arizona Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Arizona Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Arizona Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...

386

Montana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Montana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Montana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...

387

Wisconsin Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Wisconsin Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Wisconsin Natural Gas Pipeline and...

388

Wisconsin Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Wisconsin Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Wisconsin Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...

389

Vermont Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Vermont Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Vermont Natural Gas Pipeline and...

390

Wyoming Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Wyoming Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Wyoming Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...

391

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Office Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group The Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group of research and industry experts...

392

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2005 Hydrogen Pipeline Working...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Office 2005 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop DOE held a Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop August...

393

Nebraska Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Nebraska Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Nebraska Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...

394

Arkansas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Arkansas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Arkansas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...

395

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Pennsylvania Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Pennsylvania Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use...

396

Niagara Falls, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Niagara Falls, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Niagara Falls, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports...

397

Tennessee Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Tennessee Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Tennessee Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...

398

Maine Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Maine Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Maine Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution...

399

Douglas, AZ Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Douglas, AZ Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Douglas, AZ Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico...

400

Mississippi Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Mississippi Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Mississippi Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Otay Mesa, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Otay Mesa, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Otay Mesa, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico...

402

Connecticut Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Connecticut Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Connecticut Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use...

403

Maine Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Maine Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Maine Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...

404

Rules for Pipeline Public Utilities, Rules for Gas Service and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Savings Rules for Pipeline Public Utilities, Rules for Gas Service and Safety (New Hampshire) Rules for Pipeline...

405

Maryland Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Maryland Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Maryland Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...

406

Michigan Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Michigan Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Michigan Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...

407

NIST/CSM Sensor Could Help Avert Pipeline Failures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... in conventional pipelines by slowly diffusing into the metal. The NIST/CSM sensor, described today at the 7th International Pipeline Conference ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

408

Oklahoma Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Oklahoma Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...

409

Ogilby, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Ogilby, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Ogilby, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports...

410

Colorado Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Colorado Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Colorado Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...

411

Niagara Falls, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Niagara Falls, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Niagara Falls, NY Natural Gas Pipeline...

412

Rio Bravo, Texas Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Rio Bravo, Texas Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Rio Bravo, Texas Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to...

413

Romas, Texas Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Price) Mexico (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Romas, Texas Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Price) Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Romas, Texas Natural Gas Pipeline...

414

High-Speed Biomass Recalcitrance Pipeline Speeds Up Bio ...  

High-Speed Biomass Recalcitrance Pipeline Speeds Up Bio-Mass Analysis Robotic pipeline allows for rapid analysis of optimal substrate/enzyme ...

415

December 4, 2007: NETL's Robotic Pipeline Inspection Tool  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

December 4, 2007The Department's National Energy Technology Laboratory announces the development of a new robotic pipeline inspection tool that could revolutionize the pipeline inspection process....

416

EIS-0488: Cameron Pipeline Expansion Project and Cameron LNG...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

88: Cameron Pipeline Expansion Project and Cameron LNG Liquefaction Project, Cameron Parish, LA EIS-0488: Cameron Pipeline Expansion Project and Cameron LNG Liquefaction Project,...

417

"Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the Northeast United States" Report Now Available "Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in...

418

Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the Northeast United States - November 2013 Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the...

419

Ruby natural gas pipeline begins service today (July 28, 2011 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

El Paso Corporation's Ruby Pipeline (Ruby), the largest natural gas pipeline project dedicated to serving the Western United States since the ...

420

South Dakota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) South Dakota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) South Dakota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Massena, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Massena, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Massena, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada...

422

Nogales, AZ Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Nogales, AZ Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Nogales, AZ Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico...

423

Pipeline, rail backers lock horns on coal transport. [Coal pipeline act, H. R. 4370  

SciTech Connect

The backers of railroad and pipeline transport for coal clashed at hearings on the proposed Coal Pipeline Act. Slurry-pipeline advocates, claiming that high rail rates discourage industry and are counter to national energy goals, are seeking the eminent domain they need to secure rights-of-way for pipeline construction. Railroad lobbyists have successfully fought the idea so far and will continue to oppose a competing transport system. Proponents of several pipeline routes see them as a way to lower transport prices, while handling only about five percent of the nation's coal. The economics of pipelines appear to be a factor of distance and volume, with no hard evidence available. Arguments of both sides of the controversy are cited. Water rights are a major problem in transporting Western coal by pipeline and, in some states, are a larger issue than eminent domain. (DCK)

Murnane, T.

1980-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

424

Exploring Pipeline Dynamics to Connect New Markets  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This presentation provides analytical results of ongoing research at the Natural Gas Division, Office of Oil and Gas, on the role of natural gas pipelines in the marketplace. The presentation also includes the latest market developments for pipeline expansion and new construction.

Information Center

2009-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

425

Changes in the Pipeline Transportation Market  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This analysis assesses the amount of capacity that may be turned back to pipeline companies, based on shippers' actions over the past several years and the profile of contracts in place as of July 1, 1998. It also examines changes in the characteristics of contracts between shippers and pipeline companies.

Information Center

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Natural Gas Pipeline and System Expansions  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This special report examines recent expansions tothe North American natural gas pipeline networkand the nature and type of proposed pipeline projects announced or approved for construction during the next several years in the United States. It includes those projects in Canada and Mexico that tie in with U.S. markets or projects.

Information Center

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Algeria LPG pipeline is build by Bechtel  

SciTech Connect

The construction of the 313 mile long, 24 in. LPG pipeline from Hassi R'Mel to Arzew, Algeria is described. The pipeline was designed to deliver 6 million tons of LPG annually using one pumping station. Eventually an additional pumping station will be added to raise the system capacity to 9 million tons annually.

Horner, C.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Performance Metrics for Embedded Parallel Pipelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract¿A statistical approach to performance prediction is applied to a system development methodology for pipelines comprised of independent parallel stages. The methodology is aimed at distributed memory machines employing medium-grained parallelization. ... Keywords: Performance prediction, parallel pipelines, real-time systems, order statistics.

Martin Fleury; Andrew C. Downton; Adrian F. Clark

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Integrity assurance of natural gas transmission pipelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural gas transmission pipelines have proven to be a safe and efficient means for transporting the trillions of cubic feet of natural gas used annually in the United States. Since the peak of construction of these pipelines occurred between 1950 and the mid-1960s, their average age is now over thirty years. However, replacement of these pipelines because of age would be prohibitively expensive and unnecessary. Preventive maintenance and rehabilitation programs put into practice by the pipeline industry provides the key to ensuring the continued integrity of the transmission pipeline system. This article reviews the preventive maintenance practices commonly used by the gas industry. These practices include right-of-way patrols, corrosion control procedures, in-line inspection with intelligent or smart pigs that inspect the pipe while traveling through the inside of the pipe, direct access inspection of the pipe from bellhole excavations, and hydrostatic retesting of pipelines. When pipelines are properly maintained, these practices can ensure the integrity and long-term serviceability of transmission pipelines well into the 21st Century. 11 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

Posakony, G.J. (J-TECH Consulting, Richland, WA (United States))

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Rio Grande pipeline introduces LPG to Mexico  

SciTech Connect

Rio Grande Pipeline, a joint venture between Mid-America Pipeline Co., Amoco Pipeline Co. and Navajo Pipeline Co., has broken new ground in the energy industry as the first LPG pipeline to cross the US-Mexico border. Plans for the project were announced in November 1995 and first deliveries started three months ago on March 21, 1997. The 8-inch, 265-mile pipeline originates near Odessa, TX, where it receives an 85-15 propane-butane mix via a connection to Mid-America Pipeline. From Odessa, product moves west through the Texas desert and crosses the Rio Grande River about 15 miles south of El Paso near Clint, TX and extends 20 miles into Mexico. Capacity of the line is 24,000 bpd and it has been averaging about 22,000 bpd since line-fill. All in all, it sounded like a reasonably feasible, routine project. But perceptions can be deceiving, or at least misleading. In other words, the project can be summarized as follows: one river, two cultures and a world of difference. The official border crossing for pipeline construction took place on Dec. 2, 1996, with a directional drill under the Rio Grande River, but in actuality, the joint venture partners were continually bridging differences in language, laws, customs and norms with Pemex and contracted workers from Mexico.

NONE

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Corrosion cracking of gas-carrying pipelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Samples of soil and other materials adhering to the outer and inner surfaces of pipeline coatings, and pieces of rupture pipe were studied to investigate causes of gas-carrying pipeline failures in Pakistan. Chemical analysis of the ruptured pipe shows the pipeline steel had no material flaw. X-ray diffraction studies of the soil reveal that it contains clay and nonclay minerals normally found. The material adhering to the coating facing the pipeline surface contains carbonates and bicarbonates of sodium, namely, nahcolite and trona. This study shows that nahcolite and trona, as products of cathodic protection that were then synthesized in the vicinity of the pipeline surface, could have attacked the pipe surface over the years and caused corrosion.

Hussain, K.; Shaukat, A.; Hassan, F.

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

OPUS-97: A Generalized Operational Pipeline System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. OPUS is the platform on which the telemetry pipeline at the Hubble Space Telescope Science Institute is running currently. OPUS was developed both to repair the mistakes of the past, and to build a system which could meet the challenges of the future. The production pipeline inherited at the Space Telescope Science Institute was designed a decade earlier, and made assumptions about the environment which were unsustainable. While OPUS was developed in an environment that required a great deal of attention to throughput, speed, e#ciency, flexibility, robustness and extensibility, it is not just a "big science" machine. The OPUS platform, our baseline product, is a small compact system designed to solve a specific problem in a robust way. The OPUS platform handles communication with the OPUS blackboard; individual processes within this pipeline need have no knowledge of OPUS, of the blackboard, or of the pipeline itself. The OPUS API is an intermediate pipeline product. In addition to t...

J. Rose

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Key decisions near for Chad pipeline proposal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The World Bank is expected to play a key role in a proposed $3 billion development of oil fields in Chad and an export pipeline through Cameroon to the Atlantic Ocean. The project, which has been at least 4 years in the making, could see a breakthrough later this year. Esso Exploration and production Chad Inc. is operator for the consortium proposing the project. It holds a 40% interest, Ste. Shell Tchadienne de Recherches et d`Exploitation has 40%, and Elf Hydrocarbures Tchad has a 20% share it purchased from Chevron Corp. in 1993 (OGJ, February 1, 1993, p 25). The governments of Chad and Cameroon, which had approved a framework agreement for the pipeline in 1995, now are studying an assessment of the pipeline`s environmental impact. If they approve the plans, they are expected to apply to the World Bank for financing. The paper describes the Chad fields, the export pipeline, background information, and the Banks role.

Crow, P.

1997-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

434

Mechanical Characteristics of Submerged Arc Weldment in API Gas Pipeline Steel of Grade X65  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mechanical properties of submerged arc weldment (SAW) in gas transportation pipeline steel of grade API X65 (65 ksi yield strength) were investigated. This steel is produced by thermo mechanical control rolled (TMC), and is largely used in Iran gas piping systems and networks. The results from laboratory study on three different regions; i.e. base metal (BM), fusion zone (FZ) and heat affected zone (HAZ) were used to compare weldment mechanical characteristics with those specified by API 5L (revision 2004) standard code. Different laboratory experiments were conducted on test specimens taken from 48 inch outside diameter and 14.3 mm wall thickness gas pipeline. The test results showed a gradient of microstructure and Vickers hardness data from the centerline of FZ towards the unaffected MB. Similarly, lower Charpy absorbed energy (compared to BM) was observed in the FZ impact specimens. Despite this, the API specifications were fulfilled in three tested zones, ensuring pipeline structural integrity under working conditions.

Hashemi, S. H. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birjand, POBOX 97175-376, Birjand (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mohammadyani, D. [Materials and Energy Research Center (MERC) POBOX 14155-4777, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

435

The LOFAR Known Pulsar Data Pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transient radio phenomena and pulsars are one of six LOFAR Key Science Projects (KSPs). As part of the Transients KSP, the Pulsar Working Group (PWG) has been developing the LOFAR Pulsar Data Pipelines to both study known pulsars as well as search for new ones. The pipelines are being developed for the Blue Gene/P (BG/P) supercomputer and a large Linux cluster in order to utilize enormous amounts of computational capabilities (50Tflops) to process data streams of up to 23TB/hour. The LOFAR pipeline output will be using the Hierarchical Data Format 5 (HDF5) to efficiently store large amounts of numerical data, and to manage complex data encompassing a variety of data types, across distributed storage and processing architectures. We present the LOFAR Known Pulsar Data Pipeline overview, the pulsar beam-formed data format, the status of the pipeline processing as well as our future plans for developing the LOFAR Pulsar Search Pipeline. These LOFAR pipelines and software tools are being developed as the next gen...

Alexov, A; Mol, J D; Stappers, B; van Leeuwen, J

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Transportation and Handling of Medium Btu Gas in Pipelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coal-derived medium btu gas can be safely transported by pipeline over moderate distances, according to this survey of current industrial pipeline practices. Although pipeline design criteria will be more stringent than for natural gas pipelines, the necessary technology is readily available.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Pipelining with common operands for power-efficient linear systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a systematic pipelining method for a linear system to minimize power and maximize throughput, given a constraint on the number of pipeline stages and a set of resource constraints. Unlike most existing pipelining approaches, our method takes ... Keywords: common operand, linear system, operand sharing, pipelining, power

Daehong Kim; Dongwan Shin; Kiyoung Choi

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

GTI PROJECT NUMBER 21222 CALIFORNIA NATURAL GAS PIPELINE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GTI PROJECT NUMBER 21222 CALIFORNIA NATURAL GAS PIPELINE ASSESSMENT Contract Number: #500 GAS PIPELINE ASSESSMENT #50010050 Legal Notice This information was prepared by Gas Technology;CALIFORNIA NATURAL GAS PIPELINE ASSESSMENT #50010050 Task 3Summary Report AssessmentofCurrentlyAvailablePipeline

439

Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials and Infrastructure for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials and Infrastructure for Hydrogen/Mixed Gas Service Retrofitting Existing NG Pipelines fro Hydrogen/Hythane Service New Pipeline Installation and ROW Lower South Carolina Electric and Gas University of South Carolina Praxair Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group

440

GTI PROJECT NUMBER 21222 CALIFORNIA NATURAL GAS PIPELINE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GTI PROJECT NUMBER 21222 CALIFORNIA NATURAL GAS PIPELINE ASSESSMENT Contract Number: #500 GAS PIPELINE ASSESSMENT #500-10-050 Legal Notice This information was prepared by Gas Technology;CALIFORNIA NATURAL GAS PIPELINE ASSESSMENT #500-10-050 Baseline Technology Assessment for Pipeline Integrity

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Pipeline response to nearby detonations  

SciTech Connect

Texas Gas Transmission Corp. has supplemented the findings of Southwest Research Institute's study of detonation-induced stresses on pipelines by applying SwRI's equations to actual field problems. Texas Gas used the blasting-stress equations to fix the minimum allowable stand-off distance and maximum particle velocities for strip-mining operations planned along a transmission line right-of-way. The ultimate goal was to ensure that the combined stresses of blasting and operating pressures would not exceed 72% of the pipe's specified minimum yield strength. These stress calculations enabled Texas Gas to maintain normal operating conditions throughout the time that overburden blasting was taking place 100-500 ft from the line.

Bart, G.J.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Pipeline Carriers (Montana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Carriers (Montana) Carriers (Montana) Pipeline Carriers (Montana) < Back Eligibility Utility Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Retail Supplier Institutional Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Program Info State Montana Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider State of Montana Public Service Commission Pipeline carriers transporting crude petroleum, coal, the products of crude petroleum or coal, or carbon dioxide produced in the combustion or gasification of fossil fuels are required to abide by these regulations. The regulations address construction permits and the use of eminent domain by pipeline carriers, records and reporting, connection and interchange facilities, and the prohibition of discrimination in rates and service

443

Reflex: Scientific Workflows for the ESO Pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recently released Reflex scientific workflow environment supports the interactive execution of ESO VLT data reduction pipelines. Reflex is based upon the Kepler workflow engine, and provides components for organising the data, executing pipeline recipes based on the ESO Common Pipeline Library, invoking Python scripts, and constructing interaction loops. Reflex will greatly enhance the quick validation and reduction of the scientific data. In this paper we summarize the main features of Reflex, and demonstrate as an example its application to the reduction of echelle UVES data.

Ballester, Pascal; Forchi, Vincenzo; Freudling, Wolfram; Garcia-Dabo, Cesar Enrique; Gebbinck, Maurice klein; Modigliani, Andrea; Romaniello, Martino

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Policies of System Level Pipeline Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pipelining is a well understood and often used implementation technique for increasing the performance of a hardware system. We develop several SystemC/C++ modeling techniques that allow us to quickly model, simulate, and evaluate pipelines. We employ a small domain specific language (DSL) based on resource usage patterns that automates the drudgery of boilerplate code needed to configure connectivity in simulation models. The DSL is embedded directly in the host modeling language SystemC/C++. Additionally we develop several techniques for parameterizing a pipeline's behavior based on policies of function, communication, and timing (performance modeling).

Harcourt, Ed

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

MFL tool hardware for pipeline inspection  

SciTech Connect

The intelligent pig based on the magnetic flux leakage (MFL) is frequently used for inline inspection of gas and liquid transportation pipelines. The tool is capable of reliably detecting and characterizing several commonly occurring pipeline defects including metal loss due to corrosion and gouges, dents, and buckles, which tend to threaten the structural integrity of the pipeline. The defect detection and characterization capabilities of the tool are directly dependent upon the type of critical hardware components and systems selected for the tool assembly. This article discusses the key components of an advanced or high resolution MFL tool.

Tandon, K.K. [Engineers India Ltd., Haryana (India). Research and Development Complex

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Offshore pipeline design utilizing a PLEM  

SciTech Connect

A unique pipeline end module (PLEM) functioning as an intermediate underwater tie-in point is planned for use in the Gulf of Thailand to permit new connections without disruption of flow. In March 1983, the Petroleum Authority of Thailand (PTT) contracted with PLT Engineering Inc. to do the preliminary design for a 43-km, 24-in. gas pipeline from Union Oil's newly developed Platong field in the Gulf of Thailand. The assigned task was to tie the new pipeline into an existing 34-in. trunkline that carries gas from Erawan field to shore at Sattahip, Thailand.

Karpathy, S.A.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Caspian Region Oil Pipelines (U) KIEV RUSSIA  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kashagan Tengiz Azeri Chirag Guneshli Deep Neka-Tehran 50,000 b/d (first stage) Atyrau-Samara 300,000 b/d Karachaganak-Atyrau (planned) 180,000 b/d Caspian Pipeline

448

Communication systems vital to Colombian pipeline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Construction of the Centro Oriente Gas Pipeline represents a major step in Colombia`s goal to strengthen the emerging natural gas business. With construction beginning in 1995, the Centro Oriente is scheduled to begin operation early this year transporting 150 MMcf/d. The 779-kilometer (484-mile) pipeline ranging in diameter from 22-inch to 12-inches, provides the central transportation link between major gas suppliers in both the northern and western regions of Colombia and new markets throughout their immediate regions as well as in the central and eastern regions. TransCanada, operating company for the Centro Oriente pipeline, will develop and manage the support organizations required to operate and maintain the system. The central control system for the CPC is the Gas SCADA system, ADACS, provided by Bristol Babcock Inc. (BBI). This control system provides the data acquisition and control capabilities necessary to operate the entire pipeline safely and efficiently from Burcaramanga.

Serrato, E. [Ecopetrol, Bogota (Colombia); Mailloux, R. [Bristol Babcock Inc., Watertown, CT (United States)

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Construction advances on gas pipeline in Germany  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports that construction is well under way on a pipeline to transport gas form the North Sea and Russia into the heart of Germany. Mitte Deutchland Anbindungs Leitung (Midal) gas pipeline, under construction for Winershall AG and partner Gazprom, the Russian state gas company, will extend more than 640 km from the North Sea coast to Ludwigshafen in Southwest Germany. en route, the line will make more than 100 river crossings. Midal will connect with the joint ventures' Sachesen-Thurigen-Erdgas Leitung (Stegal) pipeline, which moves Russian gas into eastern Germany and Wintershall's gas storage site at Rehden. Wintershall Erdgas Handelshaus GmbH, set up to manage the joint venture project, divided the pipeline route into six parts, hiring different contractors to lay each section.

Not Available

1992-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

450

Weld Simulation in X100 Pipeline Steel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The effect of gas metal arc weld (GMAW) parameters on the coarse-grain heat-affect zone (CGHAZ) of X100 pipeline steel has been studied by ...

451

Gaseous Hydrogen Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The tensile properties of x52, x65, x80 and x100 pipeline steels have been measured in a high pressure (13.6 MPa), high purity, hydrogen gas ...

452

Web-Based and Geospatially Enabled Tool for Water and Wastewater Pipeline Infrastructure Risk Management.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Advanced pipeline risk management is contingent on accurately locating the buried pipelines, the milieu, and also the physical condition of the pipelines. The web-based and… (more)

Sekar, Varun Raj

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Applications of the Pipeline Environment for Visual Informatics and Genomics Computations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

et al. : Applications of the pipeline environment for visualusing the LONI pipeline. Frontiers in Neuroinformatics 2010,Access Applications of the pipeline environment for visual

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

GenePRIMP: A GENE PRediction IMprovement Pipeline for Prokaryotic genomes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PRediction IMprovement Pipeline for Amrita Pati 1 , NataliaGene Prediction IMprovement Pipeline, http://geneprimp.jgi-based post-processing pipeline that identifies erroneously

Pati, Amrita

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Pipelines, Pathways, and Payoffs: Economic Challenges and Returns to Changing Demographics in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Multiple Pathways Pipelines, Pathways, and Payoffs:Jon Stiles & Henry Brady Pipelines, Pathways, and Payoffs:of the educational pipeline to describe how students

Stiles, Jon; Brady, Henry

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Stuck in the Pipeline: A Critical Review of STEM Workforce Literature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and science careers: Leaky pipeline or gender filter? GenderL. (2006). Expanding the pipeline: Transforming the cultureThe incredible shrinking pipeline. Inroads: SIGCE Bulletin,

Metcalf, Heather

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

BS-Seeker2: a versatile aligning pipeline for bisulfite sequencing data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RL: MethylCoder: software pipeline for bisulfite-treateda versatile aligning pipeline for bisulfite sequencing dataof BS Seeker, as a full pipeline for mapping bisulfite

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Rnnotator: an automated de novo transcriptome assembly pipeline from stranded RNA-Seq reads  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transcriptome assembly pipeline from stranded RNA-Seq readsRnnotator assembly pipeline. Figure 2. Read dereplicationan automated software pipeline that generates transcript

Martin, Jeffrey

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Pipeline Access and Market Integration in the Natural Gas Industry: Evidence from Cointegration Tests  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

System for Natural Gas Pipelines." Study prepared underin the Natural Gas Pipeline Industry. Ph.D. dissertation,the remaining barfers to pipeline integration. REFERENCES

De Vany, Arthur; Walls, W. David

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Computer Systems to Oil Pipeline Transporting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computer systems in the pipeline oil transporting that the greatest amount of data can be gathered, analyzed and acted upon in the shortest amount of time. Most operators now have some form of computer based monitoring system employing either commercially available or custom developed software to run the system. This paper presented the SCADA systems to oil pipeline in concordance to the Romanian environmental reglementations.

Chis, Timur

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Riser, pipelines installed in Griffin field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mooring riser and flow lines along with a 67-km, 8-in., gas-export pipelines have been installed offshore Australia for BHP Petroleum's Griffin field development. The 66-km gas line will carry Griffin field gas to an onshore gas-processing plant. Completing the projects ahead of schedule was Clough Stena Joint Venture (Asia), Perth. BHP awarded the contracts in early 1993; the project was completed in January this year. The paper describes the contractor, pipeline installation, and handling equipment.

Not Available

1994-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

462

Pipeline integrity programs help optimize resources  

SciTech Connect

Natural Gas Pipeline Co. of America has developed an integrity program. NGPL operates approximately 13,000 miles of large-diameter parallel gas pipelines, which extend from traditional supply areas to the Chicago area. Line Number 1, the 24-in. Amarillo-to-Chicago mainline, was built in 1931, and parts of it are still in operation today. More than 85% of the NGPL systems is more than 25 years old, and continues to provide very reliable service. The company operated for many years with specialized crews dedicated to pipeline systems, and a corrosion department. Under this organization, employees developed an intimate knowledge of the pipeline and related integrity issues. NGPL relied on this knowledge to develop its integrity program. The risk assessment program is a very valuable tool for identifying areas that may need remedial work. However, it is composed of many subjective evaluations and cannot predict failure nor ensure good performance. The program is an excellent data management tool that enables a pipeline operator to combine all available information needed to make integrity decisions. The integrity of a pipeline is continually changing, and any program should be updated on a regular basis.

Dusek, P.J. (Natural Gas Pipeline Co. of America, Lombard, IL (United States))

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Sun, TEPPCO. Liquefied Petroleum Gases TEPPCO Interstate Natural Gas Pipelines : ANR Pipeline Co., Centerpoint Energy Gas Transmission Co., Mississippi ...

464

Pipeline transportation and underground storage are vital and complementary components of the U  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Changes in U.S. Natural Gas Transportation Infrastructure in 2004 Changes in U.S. Natural Gas Transportation Infrastructure in 2004 Energy Information Administration, Office of Oil and Gas, June 2005 1 This report looks at the level of growth that occurred within the U.S. natural gas transportation network during 2004. In addition, it includes a discussion and an analysis of recent gas pipeline development activities and an examination of additional projects proposed for completion over the next several years. Questions or comments on the contents of this article should be directed to James Tobin at james.tobin@eia.doe.gov or (202) 586-4835. Expansion of the U.S. natural gas transmission network slowed in 2004, both in terms of added transportation capacity and new pipeline mileage. Only about 1,450 miles

465

High temperature gas reactor and energy pipeline system  

SciTech Connect

Under contract to the General Electric Co. as a part of a DOE-sponsored program, the Energy Systems Analysis Group at the Institute of Gas Technology examined the following aspects of the high temperature gas reactor closed loop chemical energy pipeline concept: (1) pipeline transmission and storage system design; (2) pipeline and storage system cost; (3) methane reformer interface; and (4) system safety and environmental aspects. This work focuses on the pipeline and storage system concepts, pipeline size, compressor power, and storage facility requirements were developed for 4 different types of pipeline systems to obtain system cost estimates. Each pipeline system includes a synthesis-gas pipeline from the reformer to the methanator, a methane-rich gas pipeline from the methanator to the reformer, a water return line from the methanator to the reformer, and storage for the synthesis gas, methane-rich gas and water.

Daniels, E.; Blazek, C.; Pflasterer, G.R.; Allen, D.C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

High temperature gas reactor and energy pipeline system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A study was made of the following aspects of the High Temperature Gas Reactor (HTGR) Closed Loop Chemical Energy Pipeline (CEP) concept: pipeline transmission and storage system design, pipeline and storage system cost, methane reformer interface, and system safety and environmental aspects. This paper focuses on the pipeline and storage system concepts. Pipeline size, compressor power, and storage facility requirements were developed for four different types of pipeline systems to obtain system cost estimates. Each pipeline system includes a synthesis-gas pipeline from the reformer to the methanator, a methane-rich gas pipeline from the methanator to the reformer, a water return line from the methanator to the reformer, and storage for the synthesis gas, methane-rich gas and water.

Daniels, E.; Blazek, C.; Allen, D.C.; Pflasterer, G.R.

1980-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

467

Overview of Two Hydrogen Energy Storage Studies: Wind Hydrogen in California and Blending in Natural Gas Pipelines (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation provides an overview of two NREL energy storage studies: Wind Hydrogen in California: Case Study and Blending Hydrogen Into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues. The presentation summarizes key issues, major model input assumptions, and results.

Melaina, M. W.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Runtime Assignment of Reconfigurable Hardware Components for Image Processing Pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The combination of hardware acceleration and flexibility make FPGAs important to image processing applications. There is also a need for efficient, flexible hardware/software codesign environments that can balance the benefits and costs of using FPGAs. Image processing applications often consist of a pipeline of components where each component applies a different processing algorithm. Components can be implemented for FPGAs or software. Such systems enable an image analyst to work with either FPGA or software implementations of image processing algorithms for a given problem. The pipeline assignment problem chooses from alternative implementations of pipeline components to yield the fastest pipeline. Our codesign system solves the pipeline assignment problem to provide the most effective implementation automatically, so the image analyst can focus solely on choosing components which make up the pipeline. However, the pipeline assignment problem is NP complete. An efficient, dynamic solution to the pipeline assignment problem is a desirable enabler of codesign systems which use both FPGA and software implementations. This paper is concerned with solving pipeline assignment in this context. Consequently, we focus on optimal and heuristic methods for fast (fixed time limit) runtime pipeline assignment. Exhaustive search, integer linear programming and local search methods for pipeline assignment are investigated. We present experimental findings for pipelines of 20 or fewer components which show that in our environment, optimal runtime solutions are possible for smaller pipelines and nearly optimal heuristic solutions are possible for larger pipelines.

Heather Quinn; L. A. Smith King; Miriam Leeser; W. Meleis; Waleed Meleis

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

The Sloan Digital Sky Survey Monitor Telescope Pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The photometric calibration of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) is a multi-step process which involves data from three different telescopes: the 1.0-m telescope at the US Naval Observatory (USNO), Flagstaff Station, Arizona (which was used to establish the SDSS standard star network); the SDSS 0.5-m Photometric Telescope (PT) at the Apache Point Observatory (APO), New Mexico (which calculates nightly extinctions and calibrates secondary patch transfer fields); and the SDSS 2.5-m telescope at APO (which obtains the imaging data for the SDSS proper). In this paper, we describe the Monitor Telescope Pipeline, MTPIPE, the software pipeline used in processing the data from the single-CCD telescopes used in the photometric calibration of the SDSS (i.e., the USNO 1.0-m and the PT). We also describe transformation equations that convert photometry on the USNO-1.0m u'g'r'i'z' system to photometry the SDSS 2.5m ugriz system and the results of various validation tests of the MTPIPE software. Further, we discuss the semi-automated PT factory, which runs MTPIPE in the day-to-day standard SDSS operations at Fermilab. Finally, we discuss the use of MTPIPE in current SDSS-related projects, including the Southern u'g'r'i'z' Standard Star project, the u'g'r'i'z' Open Star Clusters project, and the SDSS extension (SDSS-II).

D. L. Tucker; S. Kent; M. W. Richmond; J. Annis; J. A. Smith; S. S. Allam; C. T. Rodgers; J. L. Stute; J. K. Adelman-McCarthy; J. Brinkmann; M. Doi; D. Finkbeiner; M. Fukugita; J. Goldston; B. Greenway; J. E. Gunn; J. S. Hendry; D. W. Hogg; S. -I. Ichikawa; Z. Ivezic; G. R. Knapp; H. Lampeitl; B. C. Lee; H. Lin; T. A. McKay; A. Merrelli; J. A. Munn; E. H. Neilsen, Jr.; H. J. Newberg; G. T. Richards; D. J. Schlegel; C. Stoughton; A. Uomoto; B. Yanny

2006-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

470

Method and apparatus for the laying of a submerged pipeline such as a submarine pipeline. [Patents  

SciTech Connect

A method and apparatus are disclosed for laying a submerged pipeline, such as a submarine pipeline, on the bed of a body of water along a path which crosses a ditch in the bed in which there is a current transverse to the pipeline, the depth of the body of water being at a maximum in the ditch and the pipeline being drawn along the bed from a shore towards open water, wherein at least one ballast tube is integrally associated with the pipeline so that a portion of the pipeline with the associated ballast tube takes up a position within the ditch in substantially U-form, the ballast tube being filled partly with air and partly with water which collects in the portion of the ballast tube of substantially U-form whereby the apparent weight of the pipeline is increased solely with respect to the portion thereof located in the ditch, the water remaining in position in the portion of the ballast tube temporarily located within the ditch as the pipeline and the associated ballast tube move forward during the laying operation. An air circulation pipe may be associated with the ballast tube, being preferably located inside the ballast tube, the pipe placing the part of the space within the ballast tube near the front end thereof into communication with a source of air located on land.

Lamy, J.E.

1977-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

471

The pipeline OQ Rule: Perspectives, options, and implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US Department of Transportation (DOT) Pipeline Safety: Qualification of Pipeline Personnel Rule, commonly termed the Operator Qualification (OQ) Rule, became law on October 26, 1999. The rule requires operators to develop a qualification program for pipeline personnel. Personnel must demonstrate proficiency and be able to react to abnormal operating conditions. the intent is to reduce pipeline incidents caused by human error by ensuring that pipeline personnel are qualified. This paper describes different perspectives on the need for the rule, constraints to its implementation, and options and resources available to pipeline operators.

Lewis, B.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Balancing performance and flexibility with hardware support for network architectures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goals of performance and flexibility are often at odds in the design of network systems. The tension is common enough to justify an architectural solution, rather than a set of context-specific solutions. The Programmable Protocol Processing Pipeline ... Keywords: FPGA, P4, computer networking, flexibility, hardware, performance, programmable logic devices, programmable networks, protocol processing

Ilija Hadži?; Jonathan M. Smith

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Pipeline Access and Market Integration in the Natural Gas Industry: Evidence from Cointegration Tests  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NattmdGas Pipeline of America(NGPL) Northern Natural GasNatural Gas Pipeline of America (NGPL) Teanease~Gas PipelineGas Pipeline of America(NGPL) Northern Natural Gas (NOR’H-I)

De Vany, Arthur; Walls, W. David

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Colorado Rare Plant Technical Committee Annual Rare Plant Symposium Evening Presentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Development has avoided plant populations FERC ­ interstate pipelines, overseen & permitted by FERC Lead

475

A Cheap Levitating Gas/Load Pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design of new cheap aerial pipelines, a large flexible tube deployed at high altitude, for delivery of natural (fuel) gas, water and other payload over a long distance is delineated. The main component of the natural gas is methane which has a specific weight less than air. A lift force of one cubic meter of methane equals approximately 0.5 kg (1 pound). The lightweight film flexible pipeline can be located in air at high altitude and, as such, does not damage the environment. Using the lift force of this pipeline and wing devices payloads of oil, water, or other fluids, or even solids such as coal, cargo, passengers can be delivered cheaply at long distance. This aerial pipeline dramatically decreases the cost and the time of construction relative to conventional pipelines of steel which saves energy and greatly lowers the capital cost of construction. The article contains a computed project for delivery 24 billion cubic meters of gas and tens of million tons of oil, water or other payload per year.

Alexander Bolonkin

2008-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

476

A Cheap Levitating Gas/Load Pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design of new cheap aerial pipelines, a large flexible tube deployed at high altitude, for delivery of natural (fuel) gas, water and other payload over a long distance is delineated. The main component of the natural gas is methane which has a specific weight less than air. A lift force of one cubic meter of methane equals approximately 0.5 kg (1 pound). The lightweight film flexible pipeline can be located in air at high altitude and, as such, does not damage the environment. Using the lift force of this pipeline and wing devices payloads of oil, water, or other fluids, or even solids such as coal, cargo, passengers can be delivered cheaply at long distance. This aerial pipeline dramatically decreases the cost and the time of construction relative to conventional pipelines of steel which saves energy and greatly lowers the capital cost of construction. The article contains a computed project for delivery 24 billion cubic meters of gas and tens of million tons of oil, water or other payload per year.

Bolonkin, Alexander

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Coal slurry pipelines: a maze of rights  

SciTech Connect

A survey of coal slurry pipeline projects, discussed at the 4th Annual International Slurry Transportation Conference showed that Energy Transportation Systems Inc. has effectively solved the right-of-way problem for its 1400 mi line from Wyoming's Powder River Basin and expects to have an environmental impact statement completed within 30 mo and have the pipeline in operation by 1983. San Marco Pipeline Co., is developing a source of water from wells drilled near Alamosa, Colo., for use in a proposed line from Walsenburg, Colo., to Houston. The Alton pipeline from the Alton coal field in southern Utah to power stations in southern Nevada is delayed by right-of-way needs through federal land and by changing environmental requirements. Florida Gas Co., is working on alternative projects to bring coal to Florida by pipeline. Northwest Energy Co.'s proposed slurry line from Gillette, Wyo., to Boise, Idaho, and Boardman, Oreg., is in a holding position. Texas Eastern Transmission Co. hopes to have a 1300 mi 38 in. line in operation in 1985 from Wyoming's Powder River Basin to the Houston area.

1979-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Software Pipelining in Nested Loops with Prolog-Epilog Merging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Software pipelining (or modulo scheduling) is a powerful back-end optimization to exploit instruction and vector parallelism. Software pipelining is particularly popular for embedded devices as it improves the computation throughput without increasing ...

Mohammed Fellahi; Albert Cohen

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Pipeline and Distribution Use of Natural Gas (Summary)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) Data Series: Wellhead Price Imports Price Price of Imports by Pipeline Price of LNG Imports Exports Price Price of Exports by Pipeline Price of LNG Exports...

480

U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Million Cubic Feet)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Million Cubic Feet) U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate pipeline network" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Million Cubic Feet)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Million Cubic Feet) U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb...

482

U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports (Million Cubic Feet)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports (Million Cubic Feet) U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0...

483

U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports (Million Cubic Feet)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports (Million Cubic Feet) U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb...

484

Suggested integrated optical implementation of pipelined polynomial processors  

SciTech Connect

Optical systolic pipeline processors for polynomial evaluation can be built using horner's rule. With integrated optics techniques, it will be possible to fabricate large order pipelines operating at very high speeds. 10 references.

Verber, C.M.; Kenan, R.P.; Caulfield, H.J.; Ludman, J.E.; Stilwell, P.D., Jr.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

NewPipeline-Robot-Power-Source.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Sources for Power Sources for Inspection Robots in Natural Gas Transmission Pipelines By Shreekant B. Malvadkar and Edward L. Parsons Office of Systems & Policy Support INTRODUCTION Strategic Center of Natural gas's (SCNG) Natural Gas Infrastructure Reliability Product Team has undertaken the development of a prototype robot that would inspect and possibly repair transmission pipelines. NETL has granted a contract for this purpose to New York Gas Group (NYGAS) and Carnegie Mellon University's (CMU) National Robotics Engineering Consortium (NREC). The purpose of this study is to analyze various onboard power supply options for such a commercially viable robot that can operate in a transmission pipeline for extended period. The primary power sources considered are wind turbines, rechargeable batteries,

486

Method of pipeline transportation of natural gas  

SciTech Connect

A USSR-developed method for transporting natural gas in the form of hydrates increases pipeline transmission capacity by at least 3-4 times as compared to a conventional pipeline and reduces the specific capital investment since thin-walled carbon-steel pipes can be used instead of cryogenic-resistant ones. In the approach, natural gas in hydrate form is loaded into wheeled containers or capsules which are then propelled through a pipeline by compressed and cooled natural gas. The physical state of the gas hydrates is preserved during their transport by keeping the pressure between 715 and 285 psi (50 and 20 kg/sq cm) and the temperature between -40/sup 0/ and +14/sup 0/F (-40/sup 0/ and -10/sup 0/C).

Chersky, N.V.; Klimenko, A.P.; Bokserman, J.I.; Kalina, A.I.; Karimov, F.A.

1975-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

487

Technology certification and technology acceptance: Promoting interstate cooperation and market development for innovative technologies  

SciTech Connect

In the past two years, public and private efforts to promote development and deployment of innovative environmental technologies have shifted from the analysis of barriers to the implementation of a variety of initiatives aimed at surmounting those barriers. Particular attention has been directed at (1) streamlining fragmented technology acceptance processes within and among the states, and (2) alleviating disincentives, created by inadequate or unverified technology cost and performance data, for users and regulators to choose innovative technologies. Market fragmentation currently imposes significant cost burdens on technology developers and inhibits the investment of private capital in environmental technology companies. Among the responses to these problems are state and federal technology certification/validation programs, efforts to standardize cost/performance data reporting, and initiatives aimed at promoting interstate cooperation in technology testing and evaluation. This paper reviews the current status of these initiatives, identifies critical challenges to their success, and recommends strategies for addressing those challenges.

Brockbank, B.R.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

NIST Pipeline-Scale Flow Measurement Standards for Natural ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pipeline-Scale Flow Measurement Standards for Natural Gas. Summary: NIST natural gas flow calibrations are performed ...

2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

489

Markets indicate possible natural gas pipeline constraints in the ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Biofuels: Ethanol & Biodiesel ... This difference reflects expectations about the likelihood of capacity constraints associated with moving natural gas on pipelines ...

490

Multi-criteria scheduling of pipeline workflows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mapping workflow applications onto parallel platforms is a challenging problem, even for simple application patterns such as pipeline graphs. Several antagonist criteria should be optimized, such as throughput and latency (or a combination). In this paper, we study the complexity of the bi-criteria mapping problem for pipeline graphs on communication homogeneous platforms. In particular, we assess the complexity of the well-known chains-to-chains problem for different-speed processors, which turns out to be NP-hard. We provide several efficient polynomial bi-criteria heuristics, and their relative performance is evaluated through extensive simulations.

Benoit, Anne; Robert, Yves

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Hydrogen degradation of pipeline steels: Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Purpose of investigations conducted by Battelle Columbus Laboratories was to develop a research data base applicable to the problem of hydrogen degradation in pipeline steels. The findings would provide pipeline designers and operators with insight for developing specifications and procedures in the event available natural gas transmission/distribution systems are used for hydrogen transport. Fundamental investigations and data derived from sophisticated analytical and test procedures have been equated to practical field conditions and experiences as may be encountered should the hydrogen energy storage/transport option become an economic reality.

Holbrook, J.H.; Collings, E.W.; Cialone, H.J.; Drauglis, E.J.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Design of a model pipeline for testing of piezoelectric micro power generator for the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to provide a reliable corrosion detection system for the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS), a distributed wireless self-powered sensor array is needed to monitor the entire length of the pipeline at all times. ...

Lah, Mike M. (Mike Myoung)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Asynchronous ARM processor employing an adaptive pipeline architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presented an asynchronous ARM processor employing adaptive pipeline and enhanced control schemes. This adaptive pipeline employed stage-skipping and stage-combining. The stage-skipping removed the redundant stage operations, bubbles. The stage-combining ... Keywords: adaptive pipeline, asynchronous design, processor

Je-Hoon Lee; Seung-Sook Lee; Kyoung-Rok Cho

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Optimal operation of pipeline systems using genetic algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Genetic Algorithm (GA) is used in this paper for the optimal operation, result in better solution than the existing one, of the pipeline systems under transient conditions caused by valve closure. Simulation of pipeline system is carried out here by ... Keywords: genetic algorithm, implicit method of characteristic, pipeline system, transient flow, water hammer

M. H. Afshar; M. Rohani

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Sensor and transmitter system for communication in pipelines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for sensing and communicating in a pipeline that contains a fluid. An acoustic signal containing information about a property of the fluid is produced in the pipeline. The signal is transmitted through the pipeline. The signal is received with the information and used by a control.

Cooper, John F.; Burnham, Alan K.

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

496

Power-optimal pipelining in deep submicron technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper explores the effectiveness of pipelining as a power saving tool, where the reduction in logic depth per stage is used to reduce supply voltage at a fixed clock frequency. We examine power-optimal pipelining in deep submicron technology, both ... Keywords: pipelining, power scaling, supply voltage reduction

Seongmoo Heo; Krste AsanoviC

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Automation Schemes for FPGA Implementation of Wave-Pipelined Circuits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Operating frequencies of combinational logic circuits can be increased using Wave-Pipelining (WP), by adjusting the clock periods and clock skews. In this article, Built-In Self-Test (BIST) and System-on-Chip (SOC) approaches are proposed for automating ... Keywords: CORDIC, DAA, FPGA, SOC, pipelining, wave-pipelining

G. Seetharaman; B. Venkataramani

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

PSPP: A Protein Structure Prediction Pipeline for Computing Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PSPP: A Protein Structure Prediction Pipeline for Computing Clusters Michael S. Lee1,2,3 , Rajkumar. Methodology/Principal Findings: The pipeline consists of a Perl core that integrates more than 20 individual-delimited, and hypertext markup language (HTML) formats. So far, the pipeline has been used to study viral and bacterial

499

Hydrogen permeability and Integrity of hydrogen transfer pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen permeability and Integrity of hydrogen transfer pipelines Team: Sudarsanam Suresh Babu, Z Pressure Permeation Testing) Hydrogen Pipeline R&D, Project Review Meeting Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Columbus, Ohio (After-service pipeline materials) Ms. M. A. Quintana of Lincoln Electric Company, Cleveland

500

Hydrogen Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels: Causes and Remediation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels: Causes and Remediation P. Sofronis, I. M. Robertson, D. D. Johnson University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop% · Contractor share: 25% · Barriers ­ Hydrogen embrittlement of pipelines and remediation (mixing with water