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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Interstate Mining Compact (Maryland) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Interstate Mining Compact (Maryland) Interstate Mining Compact (Maryland) < Back Eligibility Commercial Developer Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Maryland Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Interstate Mining Compact Commission This legislation authorizes the state's entrance into the Interstate Mining Compact, a multi-state governmental agency / organization that represents the natural resource and related environmental protection interests of its member states. Currently, 23 states are members to the compact, and 6 additional states are associate members. The compact is administered by the Interstate Mining Compact Commission, which does not possess regulatory

2

Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (multi-state) Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (multi-state) Eligibility...

3

Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management (Multiple States) Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management (Multiple States)...

4

Atlantic Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Atlantic Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (South Carolina) Atlantic Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (South Carolina) Eligibility...

5

Western Interstate Nuclear Compact State Nuclear Policy (Multiple States) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Western Interstate Nuclear Compact State Nuclear Policy (Multiple Western Interstate Nuclear Compact State Nuclear Policy (Multiple States) Western Interstate Nuclear Compact State Nuclear Policy (Multiple States) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor Industrial Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Arizona Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Western Interstate Energy Board Legislation authorizes states' entrance into the Western Interstate Nuclear Compact, which aims to undertake the cooperation of participating states in

6

Interstate Mining Compact Commission (multi-state) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Interstate Mining Compact Commission (multi-state) Interstate Mining Compact Commission (multi-state) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Tribal Government Utility Program Info Start Date 1970 State Alabama Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Siting and Permitting Provider Interstate Mining Compact Commission The Interstate Mining Compact is a multi-state governmental agency / organization that represents the natural resource and related environmental protection interests of its member states. Currently, 23 states are members to the compact, and 6 additional states are associate members. The compact

7

Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Maryland) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Maryland) Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Maryland) Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Maryland) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Maryland Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission This legislation authorizes the State to join the Interstate Compact for the Conservation of Oil and Gas. The Compact is an agreement that has been entered into by 30 oil- and gas-producing states, as well as eight associate states and 10 international affiliates (including seven Canadian provinces). Members participate in the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact

8

Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Montana) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Montana) Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Montana) Eligibility Utility Commercial Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Construction MunicipalPublic Utility Rural Electric...

9

Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management (Multiple States) Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management (Multiple States) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Institutional Nonprofit Program Info Start Date 1981 State Alaska Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Northwest Interstate Compact The Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management, enacted in 1981, was ratified by Congress in 1985. The Compact is a cooperative effort of the party states to protect their citizens, and maintain and enhance economic viability, while sharing the responsibilities

10

Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Multiple States) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Multiple States) Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Multiple States) Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Multiple States) < Back Eligibility Commercial Developer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Utility Program Info State Alabama Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission assists member states efficiently maximize oil and natural gas resources through sound regulatory practices while protecting the nation's health, safety and the environment. The Commission serves as the collective voice of member governors on oil and gas issues and advocates states' rights to govern petroleum resources within their borders. The Commission formed the Geological CO2 Sequestration Task Force, which

11

Atlantic Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (South  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Atlantic Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact Atlantic Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (South Carolina) Atlantic Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (South Carolina) < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Program Info Start Date 1986 State South Carolina Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Atlantic Compact Commission The Atlantic (Northeast) Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact is a cooperative effort to plan, regulate, and administer the disposal of low-level radioactive waste in the region. The states of Connecticut, New Jersey, and South Carolina are party to this compact

12

Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (multi-state)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact is administered by the Compact Commission. The Compact provides for rotating responsibility for the region's low-level...

13

EAC Recommendations for DOE Action Regarding the CSG Interstate Transmission Siting Compact- June 6, 2013  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

EAC Recommendations for DOE Action Regarding the CSG Interstate Transmission Siting Compact, approved at the June 5-6, 2013 EAC Meeting.

14

Midwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste (Multiple States)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Midwest Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact is an agreement between the states of Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin that provides for the cooperative and safe...

15

EAC Recommendations for DOE Action Regarding the CSG Interstate...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the CSG Interstate Transmission Siting Compact - June 6, 2013 EAC Recommendations for DOE Action Regarding the CSG Interstate Transmission Siting Compact - June 6, 2013 EAC...

16

Appalachian States Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact (Maryland)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This legislation authorizes Maryland's entrance into the Appalachian States Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact, which seeks to promote interstate cooperation for the proper management and disposal...

17

Emerging Issues for Interstate Transportation Market  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Emerging Issues for Interstate Transportation Market. ... How, when or will the pricing structure change from cost of service rates to market based rates?

18

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Other Agencies You are here Home Savings Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Alliant Energy Interstate Power and...

19

California Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity Levels ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

PG&E Gas Transmission - NW Tuscarora Pipeline (Malin OR) 110 Mmcf/d 2,080 Mmcf/d Total Interstate Pipeline Capacity into California 7,435 Mmcf/d Net Natural Gas ...

20

Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin (Multiple States) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin (Multiple States) Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin (Multiple States) Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin (Multiple States) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin The Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin's (ICPRB) mission is to enhance, protect, and conserve the water and associated land resources of the Potomac River and its tributaries through regional and interstate

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Northwestern University Transportation Center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Northwestern University Transportation Center 2011 Business Advisory Committee NUTC #12;#12;I have the pleasure of presenting our Business Advisory Committee members--a distinguished group of transportation industry lead- ers who have partnered with the Transportation Center in advancing the state of knowledge

Bustamante, Fabián E.

22

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - States Dependent on Interstate  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

States Dependent on Interstate Pipelines States Dependent on Interstate Pipelines About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates States in grey which are at least 85% dependent on the interstate pipeline network for their natural gas supply are: New England - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont Southeast - Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee Northeast - Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, District of Columbia Midwest - Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin Central - Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska, South Dakota West - Arizona, California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Washington Interstate Natural Gas Supply Dependency, 2007 Map: Interstate Natural Gas Supply Dependency

23

Statistics of interstate natural gas pipeline companies, 1990  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents financial and operating information of all major interstate natural gas pipeline companies that operated in the United States during 1990. (VC)

Not Available

1992-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

24

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Program Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Construction Design & Remodeling Sealing Your Home Ventilation Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate Attic and Wall Insulation: $1000 Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount ENERGY STAR New Construction: $600-$3500/home Home Energy Audit: Free Boilers: $150 or $400 depending on AFUE Furnaces: $250 or $400 depending on AFUE Programmable Thermostats: $25

25

Water Quality Criteria for Intrastate, Interstate, and Coastal Water  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Quality Criteria for Intrastate, Interstate, and Coastal Quality Criteria for Intrastate, Interstate, and Coastal Water (Mississippi) Water Quality Criteria for Intrastate, Interstate, and Coastal Water (Mississippi) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Mississippi Program Type Environmental Regulations

26

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Construction Design & Remodeling Other Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Maximum Rebate See program web site Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom: Based on Annual Dollar Energy Savings New Construction: Varies widely

27

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs (Minnesota) Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Local Government Multi-Family Residential Retail Supplier State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Other Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Tank Water Heater: $50 Furnace: $250-$400 Boiler: $150 or $400 Programmable Thermostat: $25 Windows/Sash: $20 Custom: Based on Annual Energy Dollar Savings Provider

28

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Iowa) Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Construction Design & Remodeling Other Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Appliances & Electronics Maximum Rebate Insulation: $5000 (each type) Sealing: $1500 Multi-Family Insulation/Sealing: $5,000 Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Custom: Based on Annual Dollar Energy Savings

29

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Residential Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Residential Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Iowa) Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Appliances & Electronics Other Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Central Air Conditioners: $100 - $200 Air Source Heat Pumps: $100 - $400 Geothermal Heat Pumps: $300/ton + $50/EER/ton Fan Motors: $50/unit Programmable Thermostats: $25 Tank Water Heater: $50

30

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Program Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate Caulking/Weather Stripping: $200 Ceiling/Foundation/Wall Insulation: $750 Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Boilers: $150 - $400 Furnaces: $250 - $400 Efficient Fan Motor: $50 Programmable Thermostats: $25 Furnace or Boiler Clean and Tune: $30

31

Interstate Clean Transportation Corridor Project Under Way  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

rucks that travel in the western rucks that travel in the western United States will soon be able to operate clean-burning alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) along the Interstate Clean Transpor- tation Corridor (ICTC). The ICTC project is the first effort to develop clean transportation corridors to connect Los Angeles, San Bernar- dino, the San Joaquin Valley, Sacra- mento/San Francisco, Salt Lake City, Reno, and Las Vegas along routes 1-15, 1-80, and 1-5/CA-99. The ICTC team, headed by California- based Gladstein and Associates, plans to have commitments by early 1997 for 10 to 15 fueling sites located approximately 180 miles apart. These sites will serve 250 new heavy-duty AFVs and 500 local delivery vehicles. Their fuels will displace 4.7 million gallons of petroleum and mitigate more than

32

UT-TRIBE-NORTHWESTERN BAND OF SHOSHONE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Program or Field Office: Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Project Title UT-TRIBE-NORTHWESTERN BAND OF SHOSHONE Location: Tribe UT-TRIBE- NORTHWESTERN BAND OF SHOSHONE UT American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description The Northwestern Band of Shoshone Nation of Utah proposes to perform energy efficiency improvements

33

Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Budget Permits (Michigan) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Budget Permits (Michigan) Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Budget Permits (Michigan) Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Budget Permits (Michigan) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Michigan Program Type Siting and Permitting Michigan implements the federal requirements of the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) through state regulations. Michigan's Rule 821 requires subject sources to obtain and operate in compliance with a CAIR Annual NOx Budget

34

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric)...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Amount 1,500 - 25,000 Provider Customer Service Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy), in conjunction with Wells Fargo Bank, offers a low-interest loan for residential,...

35

Interstate Power and Light Co (Minnesota) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interstate Power and Light Co (Minnesota) Interstate Power and Light Co (Minnesota) Jump to: navigation, search Name Interstate Power and Light Co Place Minnesota Utility Id 9417 References Energy Information Administration.[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Residential: $0.1060/kWh Commercial: $0.0969/kWh Industrial: $0.0757/kWh The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data for Interstate Power and Light Co (Minnesota). Month RES REV (THOUSAND $) RES SALES (MWH) RES CONS COM REV (THOUSAND $) COM SALES (MWH) COM CONS IND_REV (THOUSAND $) IND SALES (MWH) IND CONS OTH REV (THOUSAND $) OTH SALES (MWH) OTH CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND $) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS

36

Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) - Farm Equipment Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) - Farm Equipment Energy Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) - Farm Equipment Energy Efficiency Incentives Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) - Farm Equipment Energy Efficiency Incentives < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Cooling Construction Commercial Weatherization Manufacturing Maximum Rebate Contact Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Farm Energy Audit: Free Automatic Milker Takeoffs: $5/cow Dairy Scroll Compressor: $250 Heat Reclaimers: $5/cow Milk Precooler: $3.40/cow Variable Speed Drives for Dairy Vacuum Pumps: $5/cow Motors: Up to $1080 Variable Frequency Drives: $30/HP

37

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Interstate Pipelines Segment  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Home > Natural Gas > About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines > Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Segment About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through...

38

Comments of the Western Interstate Energy Board's High-Level...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Counsel's Notice of Inquiry concerning the preparation of a report to Congress on the Price-Anderson Act. Comments of the Western Interstate Energy Board's High-Level Radioactive...

39

California Natural Gas Interstate Receipts (Million Cubic Feet...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Receipts (Million Cubic Feet) California Natural Gas Interstate Receipts (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's...

40

California Natural Gas Interstate Deliveries to All States (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Deliveries to All States (Million Cubic Feet) California Natural Gas Interstate Deliveries to All States (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

New Hampshire International and Interstate Movements of Natural ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Vermont : 1989-1998: International & Interstate Deliveries (To) 104,713: 154,268: 115,474: 126,880: 132,564: 152,537: 1988-2011: International Deliveries : 0: 64: 0 ...

42

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light- New Home Construction Incentives  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Interstate Power and Light's New Home Program gives incentives to builders and contractors who build energy efficient homes. A base rebate is available to those customers that make the minimum...

43

Figure 14. Net interstate movements, imports, and exports of...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

United States, 2012 (million cubic feet) TrinidadTobago India Trinidad Tobago Yemen Brazil Interstate Movements Not Shown on Map From Volume To From Volume To CT RI TN FL MA CT...

44

New Mexico Natural Gas Interstate Receipts (Million Cubic Feet...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Receipts (Million Cubic Feet) New Mexico Natural Gas Interstate Receipts (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's...

45

New Mexico Natural Gas Interstate Deliveries (Million Cubic Feet...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Deliveries (Million Cubic Feet) New Mexico Natural Gas Interstate Deliveries (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

46

VIBRATION COMPACTION  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of compacting a powder in a metal container is described including the steps of vibrating the container at above and below the resonant frequency and also sweeping the frequency of vibration across the resonant frequency several times thereby following the change in resonant frequency caused by compaction of the powder. (AEC)

Hauth, J.J.

1962-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - Residential Renewable Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - Residential Renewable Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - Residential Renewable Energy Rebates Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - Residential Renewable Energy Rebates < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate Solar Thermal Water Heater: $750 Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Efficient Solar PV: $1.25/kWh x estimated first year output Standard Solar PV: $0.75/kWh x estimated first year output Energy Efficient Wind: $0.75/kWh x estimated first year output Standard Wind: 0.25/kWh x estimated first year output Solar Thermal Water Heater (electric): $0.35 x annual kWh savings Solar Thermal Water Heater (natural gas): $2.50 x annual therm savings

48

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - Business and Farm Renewable  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - Business and Farm Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - Business and Farm Renewable Energy Rebates Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - Business and Farm Renewable Energy Rebates < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Maximum Rebate Energy Efficient Wind: $35,000 Standard Wind: $30,000 Energy Efficient PV: $25,000 Standard PV: $20,000 Biomass: $500,000 Anaerobic Digester: $200,000 Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Efficient Wind: $0.75/kWh Standard Wind: $0.25/kWh Energy Efficient PV: $1/kWh Standard PV: $0.50/kWh Biomass: 50% of system cost Anaerobic Digester: 50% of system cost Provider Alliant Energy The Alliant Energy Renewable Cash-Back Rewards program offers rebates for

49

Gas supplies of interstate natural gas pipeline companies, 1986  

SciTech Connect

The publication provides information on the total reserves, production, and deliverability capabilities of the 90 interstate pipeline companies. The gas supplies of interstate pipeline companies consist of the certificated, dedicated, recoverable, salable natural gas available from domestic in-the-ground reserves; gas purchased under contracts with other interstate pipeline companies; domestically produced coal gas, liquefied natural gas (LNG), and synthetic natural gas (SNG); and imported natural gas and LNG. The domestic in-the-ground reserves consist of company-owned reserves including natural gas in underground storage, reserves dedicated to or warranted under contracts with independent producers, and supplemental or short-term supplies purchased from independent producers and intrastate pipeline companies. To avoid duplicate reporting of domestic in-the-ground reserves, the volumes of gas under contract agreement between jurisdictional pipelines have been excluded in summarizing State and national reserves. Volumes contracted under agreements with foreign suppliers include pipeline imports from Canada and Mexico. 7 figs., 18 tabs.

Not Available

1987-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

50

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - New Home Construction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - New Home Construction Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - New Home Construction Incentives Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - New Home Construction Incentives < Back Eligibility Construction Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Construction Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Builder Option Package: Up to $2,000 Advanced Builder Option Package: Up to $2,800 Energy Star Qualified Home: Up to $3,500 Multi-Family Incentives: See program web site Provider

51

Coordinating Interstate ElectricTransmission Siting: An Introduction to the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Coordinating Interstate ElectricTransmission Siting: An Coordinating Interstate ElectricTransmission Siting: An Introduction to the Debate Coordinating Interstate ElectricTransmission Siting: An Introduction to the Debate In recent years, experts have started drawing att ention to the need to improve the system that transmits electricity from power plants to demand centers. Congestion on existing lines, increased energy demand that suggests a need for new electric transmission and the challenge of connecting renewable energy sources to load centers highlight some needs that could be underserved by the existing system in the near future. While improved demand-side management (including energy effi ciency and demand response), bett er utilization of the existing transmission grid, and other strategies (such as distributed

52

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Local Government Nonprofit Retail Supplier State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Home Weatherization Windows, Doors, & Skylights Commercial Weatherization Construction Design & Remodeling Water Heating Maximum Rebate See program web site Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount New Construction: Varies, see program web site Custom: Based on Annual Dollar Energy Savings

53

An observational Study of the Interstate 5 Dust Storm Case  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 29 November 1991 a series of collisions involving 164 vehicles occurred on Interstate 5 in the San Joaquin Valley in California in a dust storm that reduced the visibility to near zero. The accompanying high surface winds are hypothesized to ...

Patricia M. Pauley; Nancy L. Baker; Edward H. Barker

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Deliverability on the interstate natural gas pipeline system  

SciTech Connect

Deliverability on the Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline System examines the capability of the national pipeline grid to transport natural gas to various US markets. The report quantifies the capacity levels and utilization rates of major interstate pipeline companies in 1996 and the changes since 1990, as well as changes in markets and end-use consumption patterns. It also discusses the effects of proposed capacity expansions on capacity levels. The report consists of five chapters, several appendices, and a glossary. Chapter 1 discusses some of the operational and regulatory features of the US interstate pipeline system and how they affect overall system design, system utilization, and capacity expansions. Chapter 2 looks at how the exploration, development, and production of natural gas within North America is linked to the national pipeline grid. Chapter 3 examines the capability of the interstate natural gas pipeline network to link production areas to market areas, on the basis of capacity and usage levels along 10 corridors. The chapter also examines capacity expansions that have occurred since 1990 along each corridor and the potential impact of proposed new capacity. Chapter 4 discusses the last step in the transportation chain, that is, deliverability to the ultimate end user. Flow patterns into and out of each market region are discussed, as well as the movement of natural gas between States in each region. Chapter 5 examines how shippers reserve interstate pipeline capacity in the current transportation marketplace and how pipeline companies are handling the secondary market for short-term unused capacity. Four appendices provide supporting data and additional detail on the methodology used to estimate capacity. 32 figs., 15 tabs.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Compact accelerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact linear accelerator having at least one strip-shaped Blumlein module which guides a propagating wavefront between first and second ends and controls the output pulse at the second end. Each Blumlein module has first, second, and third planar conductor strips, with a first dielectric strip between the first and second conductor strips, and a second dielectric strip between the second and third conductor strips. Additionally, the compact linear accelerator includes a high voltage power supply connected to charge the second conductor strip to a high potential, and a switch for switching the high potential in the second conductor strip to at least one of the first and third conductor strips so as to initiate a propagating reverse polarity wavefront(s) in the corresponding dielectric strip(s).

Caporaso, George J. (Livermore, CA); Sampayan, Stephen E. (Manteca, CA); Kirbie, Hugh C. (Los Alamos, NM)

2007-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

56

Interstate Power and Light Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interstate Power and Light Co Interstate Power and Light Co Address 200 1st Street Southeast Place Cedar Rapids, Iowa Zip 52401 Website www.alliantenergy.com/ind Utility Id 9417 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Buying Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 100 Residential Residential

57

Gas supplies of interstate natural gas pipeline companies 1985  

SciTech Connect

This publication provides information on the total reserves, production, and deliverability capabilities of the 91 interstate pipeline companies. The gas supplies of interstate pipeline companies consist of the certificated, dedicated, recoverable, salable natural gas available from domestic in-the-ground reserves; gas purchased under contracts with other interstate pipeline companies; domestically produced coal gas, liquefied natural gas (LNG), and synthetic natural gas (SNG); and imported natural gas and LNG. The domestic in-the-ground reserves consist of company owned reserves including natural gas in underground storage, reserves dedicated to or warranted under contracts with independent producers, and supplemental or short-term supplies purchased from independent producers and intrastate pipeline companies. To avoid duplicate reporting of domestic in-the-ground reserves, the volumes of gas under contract agreement between jurisdictional pipelines have been excluded in summarizing state and national reserves. Volumes contracted under agreements with foreign suppliers include pipeline imports from Canada and Mexico and LNG from Algeria. 7 figs., 18 tabs.

Not Available

1986-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

58

Gas supplies of interstate natural gas pipeline companies, 1984  

SciTech Connect

This publication provides information on the total reserves, production, and deliverability capabilities of 89 interstate pipeline companies. The gas supplies of interstate pipeline companies consist of the certificated, dedicated, recoverable, salable natural gas available from domestic in-the-ground reserves; gas purchased under contracts with other interstate pipeline companies; domestically produced coal gas, liquefied natural gas (LNG), and synthetic natural gas (SNG); and imported natural gas and LNG. The domestic in-the-ground reserves consist of company-owned reserves including natural gas in underground storage, reserves dedicated to or warranted under contracts with independent producers, and supplemental or short-term supplies purchased from independent producers and intrastate pipeline companies. To avoid duplicate reporting of domestic in-the-ground reserves, the volumes of gas under contract agreement between jurisdictional pipelines have been excluded in summarizing state and national reserves. Volumes contracted under agreements with foreign suppliers include pipeline imports from Canada and Mexico and LNG from Algeria. 8 figs., 18 tabs.

Price, R.

1985-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

59

Interstate Renewable Energy Council IREC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interstate Renewable Energy Council IREC Interstate Renewable Energy Council IREC Jump to: navigation, search Name Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) Place Latham, New York Zip 12110-1156 Sector Renewable Energy Product US non-profit organisation with mission of accelerating the sustainable utilization of renewable energy sources and technologies in and through state and local government and community activities. Coordinates 39.098856°, -83.247057° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.098856,"lon":-83.247057,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

60

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric) - Low Interest  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric) - Low Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric) - Low Interest Energy Efficiency Loan Program Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric) - Low Interest Energy Efficiency Loan Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Local Government Nonprofit Residential State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Appliances & Electronics Other Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Home Weatherization Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate $25,000 Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Loan Program Rebate Amount $1,500 - $25,000 Provider Customer Service Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy), in conjunction with Wells

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas)- Residential Energy Efficiency Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) offers residential energy efficiency rebates to Iowa customers for a variety of home upgrades. Rebates are available for certain heating, insulation,...

62

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric)- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Iowa)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) offers residential energy efficiency rebates and incentives for Iowa customers for a variety of technologies. Rebates are available for certain HVAC...

63

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric)- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Minnesota)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) offers a number of energy efficiency rebates for Minnesota residential customers which implement HVAC, lighting, appliance, window, insulation and water...

64

The vascular flora of Breaks Interstate Park, Pike County, Kentucky, and Dickenson County, Virginia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The vascular flora of Breaks Interstate Park was documented during two growing seasons, 2008 and 2009; with supplemental collections made in 2010 and 2011. The (more)

Clark, Julie Bennett

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas)- Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs (Minnesota)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Alliant Energy - Interstate Power and Light (IPL) offers rebates for high efficiency equipment for commercial customers. Rebates are available for windows/sashes, programmable thermostats, water...

66

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric)- Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Alliant Energy - Interstate Power and Light (IPL) offers rebates for high efficiency equipment for commercial customers. Rebates are available for high efficiency lighting equipment, occupancy...

67

Pecos River Compact (Texas)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This legislation authorizes the state's entrance into the Pecos River Compact, a joint agreement between the states of New Mexico and Texas. The compact is administered by the Pecos River Compact...

68

[Interstate Clean Transportation]. Final Report for FG02-99EE50591  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Interstate Clean Transportation (ICTC) purpose is to develop a public-private partnership dedicated to accelerating the market penetration of clean, alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) in interstate goods movement. In order to foster project development, the ICTC activity sought to increase awareness of heavy-duty AFVs among truck fleet operators.

Wendt, Lee

2002-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

69

The Northwestern Argentinean Low: A Study of Two Typical Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A low pressure system [known as the northwestern Argentinean low (NAL)] is commonly observed over northwestern Argentina near the Andean slopes. This study describes two NAL episodes for summer and winter, with emphasis on the characterization of ...

Marcelo E. Seluchi; A. Celeste Saulo; Matilde Nicolini; Prakki Satyamurty

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Northwestern Wind Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Northwestern Wind Power Northwestern Wind Power Jump to: navigation, search Name Northwestern Wind Power Place Wasco, Oregon Zip OR 97065 Sector Wind energy Product US-based wind project developer. Coordinates 45.591395°, -120.69777° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.591395,"lon":-120.69777,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

71

Northwestern Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Northwestern Electric Coop Inc Northwestern Electric Coop Inc Place Oklahoma Utility Id 13807 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SPP NERC SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Residential: $0.1190/kWh Commercial: $0.0933/kWh Industrial: $0.0567/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Northwestern_Electric_Coop_Inc&oldid=411242" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases Utility Companies

72

Northwestern School Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

School Corp School Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name Northwestern School Corp Facility Northwestern School Corp Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Northwestern School Corp Developer Performance Services Energy Purchaser Net-metered Location Kokomo IN Coordinates 40.52319489°, -86.20448112° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.52319489,"lon":-86.20448112,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

73

Fall 2010 www.it.northwestern.edu Get Connected  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to consultant@northwestern.edu, click "Online Live Support" on the NUIT home page for troubleshooting via IM

Shull, Kenneth R.

74

Fall 2008 www.it.northwestern.edu Get Connected  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to consultant@northwestern.edu, click "Online Live Support" on the NUIT home page for IM troubleshooting

Shull, Kenneth R.

75

Renewable Energy and the Clean Air Interstate Rule  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Joe Bryson Joe Bryson US Environmental Protection Agency Climate Protection Partnerships Division January 12, 2006 bryson.joe@epa.gov (202) 343-9631 Renewable Energy and the Clean Air Interstate Rule My Perspective Where I Sit: Climate Change Protection Division * Energy STAR products, buildings, and homes * Green Power Partnership * CHP Partnership * Climate Leaders * EPA-State Partnerships on Clean Energy and Utility Regulation Who I Coordinate with: Clean Air Markets Division * Responsible for the design, analysis, and implementation of EPA's cap and trade programs for SO2, NOx, and Hg Information from Two Views Environmental Regulatory Perspective Renewable Energy Perspective Environmental Regulatory Perspective States have full authority and flexibility to allocate NOx

76

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric) - Farm  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gas and Electric) - Farm Gas and Electric) - Farm Equipment Energy Efficiency Incentives Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric) - Farm Equipment Energy Efficiency Incentives < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Home Weatherization Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Program Info Start Date 1/1/2012 State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Audit: Free Clothes Washer: $100 Refrigerator Replacement: $50 Dishwasher Replacement: $20 Freezer: $25 Room Air Conditioner: $25 Water Heater: $50 Electric Heat Pump Water Heaters: $100 Circulating Fans: $25 - $75

77

Colorado's Prospects for Interstate Commerce in Renewable Power  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Colorado has more renewable energy potential than it is ever likely to need for its own in-state electricity consumption. Such abundance may suggest an opportunity for the state to sell renewable power elsewhere, but Colorado faces considerable competition from other western states that may have better resources and easier access to key markets on the West Coast. This report examines factors that will be important to the development of interstate commerce for electricity generated from renewable resources. It examines market fundamentals in a regional context, and then looks at the implications for Colorado.

Hurlbut, D. J.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

U.S. Natural Gas Interstate Receipts (Million Cubic Feet)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Receipts (Million Cubic Feet) Receipts (Million Cubic Feet) U.S. Natural Gas Interstate Receipts (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 50,697,415 1990's 51,022,894 49,708,414 52,574,795 52,674,053 57,969,941 61,167,051 62,953,877 61,199,549 55,139,674 57,323,473 2000's 58,570,289 65,774,849 63,389,468 65,793,961 64,423,388 63,027,775 61,863,323 66,858,134 70,305,954 72,022,602 2010's 74,778,078 74,661,629 70,195,553 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: U.S. International and Interstate Movements of Natural Gas by State

79

,"U.S. Natural Gas Net Interstate Receipts (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Interstate Receipts (MMcf)" Interstate Receipts (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Natural Gas Net Interstate Receipts (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1260_nus_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1260_nus_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:38:24 PM"

80

Recent market activities of major interstate pipeline companies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In addition to analyzing trends in wellhead purchases over the past year, this study also presents information and analysis of natural gas purchases from other pipeline companies, and sales to several types of customers. Activities of 20 major interstate pipeline companies were analysed in response to market developments over the past 4 years and over the past year in particular. This study includes an analysis of trends in natural gas sales and of the effects of increasing prices since 1979. It includes separate analyses of direct industrial sales, sales to major pipeline companies, and other sales for resale, as well as analyses of the volumes transported for sale to others. It also reports on purchase patterns in general since 1979 and on purchase projection patterns for particular types of gas since 1981. The differing behavior of pipeline companies in purchasing high-cost gas in the current market is also analyzed. (PSB)

Not Available

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Plants and Dirt Compaction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dirt Compaction Name: Conor Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: When growing corn and soybean plants does the compaction of dirt effect the growth of the plant? Replies:...

82

Red River Compact (Texas)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Red River Compact Commission administers the Red River Compact to ensure that Texas receives its equitable share of quality water from the Red River and its tributaries as apportioned by the...

83

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric)- Low Interest Energy Efficiency Loan Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy), in conjunction with Wells Fargo Bank, offers a low-interest loan for residential, commercial and agricultural customers who purchase and install energy...

84

Overcoming shadows of the past : post-conflict interstate reconciliation in East Asia and Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation explores the origins of interstate reconciliation after traumatic conflicts, mainly through the comparative study of postwar Sino-Japanese and (West) German-Polish relations. While Germany and Poland have ...

He, Yinan, 1970-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric)- Low Interest Energy Efficiency Loan Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Alliant Energy (Interstate Power and Light - IP&L) offers low-interest financing program for the installation of energy efficient improvements. Businesses, Residences, farms or ag-related...

86

Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas)- Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Iowa)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Interstate Power and Light (IPL) offers a wide variety of incentives for commercial customers to save energy in eligible facilities, whether they are upgrading existing facilities or building new...

87

NorthWestern Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NorthWestern Energy NorthWestern Energy Place South Dakota Utility Id 13809 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png COPS-70 (Controlled Off Peak Service) Commercial LGS-34 Commercial RS-10 Residential Rate 25 All-Inclusive Commercial Service Commercial Average Rates

88

NorthWestern Energy (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rebate Program NorthWestern Energy offers multiple rebate programs for commercial and industrial customers to make energy efficient improvements to their businesses. This...

89

Geological History of Lake Lahontan, a Quaternary Lake of Northwestern...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Monograph M11 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Geological History of Lake Lahontan, a Quaternary Lake of Northwestern...

90

Prepared by Interstate Technology and Regulatory Cooperation Work Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

national coalition of personnel from the environmental regulatory agencies of some 40 states and the District of Columbia; three federal agencies; tribes; and public and industry stakeholders. The organization is devoted to reducing barriers to, and speeding interstate deployment of, better, more cost-effective, innovative environmental techniques. ITRC operates as a committee of the Environmental Research Institute of the States (ERIS), a Section 501(c)(3) public charity that supports the Environmental Council of the States (ECOS) through its educational and research activities aimed at improving the environment in the United States and providing a forum for state environmental policy makers. More information about ITRC and its available products and services can be found on the Internet at www.itrcweb.org. DISCLAIMER This document is designed to help regulators and others develop a consistent approach to their evaluation, regulatory approval, and deployment of specific technologies at specific sites. Although the information in this document is believed to be reliable and accurate, this document and all material set forth herein are provided without warranties of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to warranties of the accuracy or completeness of information

unknown authors

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Environmental effects of interstate power trading on electricity consumption mixes  

SciTech Connect

Although many studies of electricity generation use national or state average generation mix assumptions, in reality a great deal of electricity is transferred between states with very different mixes of fossil and renewable fuels, and using the average numbers could result in incorrect conclusions in these studies. The authors create electricity consumption profiles for each state and for key industry sectors in the U.S. based on existing state generation profiles, net state power imports, industry presence by state, and an optimization model to estimate interstate electricity trading. Using these 'consumption mixes' can provide a more accurate assessment of electricity use in life-cycle analyses. It is concluded that the published generation mixes for states that import power are misleading, since the power consumed in-state has a different makeup than the power that was generated. And, while most industry sectors have consumption mixes similar to the U.S. average, some of the most critical sectors of the economy - such as resource extraction and material processing sectors - are very different. This result does validate the average mix assumption made in many environmental assessments, but it is important to accurately quantify the generation methods for electricity used when doing life-cycle analyses. 16 refs., 7 figs., 2 tabs.

Joe Marriott; H. Scott Matthews [Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

92

Midwest Nuclear Compact (Iowa)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Midwest Nuclear Compact establishes a Midwest Nuclear Board to cooperatively evaluate and make recommendations regarding the development of nuclear technology, distribute information about...

93

Distributional implications of reducing interstate energy price differences  

SciTech Connect

A model of state residential energy consumption for electricity, natural gas, and petroleum examines scenarios which reflect the response to a reduction in regional price differences attributable to deregulation. The results indicate that natural gas deregulation will benefit eastern and northwestern consumers at the expense of middle and western consumers. The deregulation of bulk electric power also benefits the east coast, but rising electricity prices would outweigh any benefits for the northwest. In contrast, electricity producers in the west have the most to gain from deregulation of bulk power transmissions because of the opportunities of a national market. A deregulated environment will likely have less dramatic distributional consequences from future energy price shocks, while increased fuel competition will probably limit price movements in any one fuel. 3 figures, 5 tables.

Schmidt, R.H.; Gunther, J.W.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

THE COUNCIL OF STATE GOVERNMENTS THE ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION LINE SITING COMPACT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

COUNCIL OF STATE GOVERNMENTS COUNCIL OF STATE GOVERNMENTS THE ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION LINE SITING COMPACT LEGISLATIVE BRIEFING Background and Summary Background and Need The siting of interstate transmission lines has long been a problem that has vexed both states and the federal government. With the expected growth in electricity demand, coupled with the need to bring renewable energy to market and the necessity to enhance and secure the nation's energy infrastructure, the need for added transmission capacity has never been more apparent. National need and parochial interests, however, often do not align and have led to an underdeveloped and overstressed electricity transmission system.

95

Northwestern University Team Wins 2013 National Clean Energy Business Plan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Northwestern University Team Wins 2013 National Clean Energy Northwestern University Team Wins 2013 National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition Northwestern University Team Wins 2013 National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition June 14, 2013 - 3:33pm Addthis Earlier this week, the Energy Department hosted the second annual National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition. From Northwestern University, SiNode Systems took home the top honors | Photo courtesy of Ken Shipp, Department of Energy. Earlier this week, the Energy Department hosted the second annual National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition. From Northwestern University, SiNode Systems took home the top honors | Photo courtesy of Ken Shipp, Department of Energy. April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs

96

Geological History of Lake Lahontan, a Quaternary Lake of Northwestern  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

History of Lake Lahontan, a Quaternary Lake of Northwestern History of Lake Lahontan, a Quaternary Lake of Northwestern Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Geological History of Lake Lahontan, a Quaternary Lake of Northwestern Nevada Abstract Abstract unavailable. Author Israel C. Russell Organization U.S. Geological Survey Published U.S. Government Printing Office, 1885 Report Number Monograph M11 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Geological History of Lake Lahontan, a Quaternary Lake of Northwestern Nevada Citation Israel C. Russell (U.S. Geological Survey). 1885. Geological History of Lake Lahontan, a Quaternary Lake of Northwestern Nevada. Washington, District of Columbia: U.S. Government Printing Office. Report No.:

97

EIA - AEO2010 - Clean Air Interstate Rule: Changes and modeling in AEO2010  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Clean Air Interstate Rule: Changes and modeling in AEO2010 Clean Air Interstate Rule: Changes and modeling in AEO2010 Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Clean Air Interstate Rule: Changes and modeling in AEO2010 On December 23, 2008, the D.C. Circuit Court remanded but did not vacate CAIR [17], overriding its previous decision on February 8, 2008, to remand and vacate CAIR. The December decision, which is reflected in AEO2010, allows CAIR to remain in effect, providing time for the EPA to modify the rule in order to address objections raised by the Court in its earlier decision. A similar rule, referred to as the CAMR, which was to set up a cap-and-trade system for reducing mercury emissions by approximately 70 percent, is not represented in the AEO2010 projections, because it was vacated by the D.C. Circuit Court in February 2008.

98

U.S. International and Interstate Movements of Natural Gas by State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

International & Interstate Movements of Natural Gas by State International & Interstate Movements of Natural Gas by State (Million Cubic Feet) Area: U.S. Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Gulf of Mexico Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Period:

99

NorthWestern Energy (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NorthWestern Energy (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency NorthWestern Energy (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Montana) NorthWestern Energy (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Montana) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Industrial Savings Category Other Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Ventilation Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Maximum Rebate Lighting: Rebates will not be provided for lamps or fixtures placed in stock in excess of 5% of installed equipment Program Info Funding Source Electric default supply rates for its default supply customers. State Montana Program Type

100

NorthWestern Energy - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NorthWestern Energy - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program NorthWestern Energy - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program NorthWestern Energy - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Construction Installer/Contractor Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Construction Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Appliances & Electronics Ventilation Manufacturing Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Water Heating Maximum Rebate Lighting: Maximum of fifteen CFLs and five lighting fixtures per calendar year Programmable Thermostat: Two units per household Program Info Funding Source Montana natural gas and electric supply rates Start Date 1/1/2009 Expiration Date 12/31/2013 State Montana Program Type Utility Rebate Program

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Compact baby Skyrmions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the baby Skyrme model with a specific potential, compacton solutions, i.e., configurations with a compact support and parabolic approach to the vacuum, are derived. Specifically, in the nontopological sector, we find spinning Q-balls and Q-shells, as well as peakons. Moreover, we obtain compact baby skyrmions with nontrivial topological charge. All these solutions may form stable multisoliton configurations provided they are sufficiently separated.

Adam, C. [Departamento de Fisica de Particulas, Universidad de Santiago and Instituto Galego de Fisica de Altas Enerxias (IGFAE), E-15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Klimas, P. [Instituto de Fisica de Sao Carlos, Universidade de Sao Carlos, Caixa Postal 369, CEP 13560-970, Sao Carlos-SP (Brazil); Sanchez-Guillen, J. [Departamento de Fisica de Particulas, Universidad de Santiago and Instituto Galego de Fisica de Altas Enerxias (IGFAE), E-15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Wereszczynski, A. [Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, Krakow (Poland)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

102

Northwestern Indiana Regional Planning Commission (Indiana) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Northwestern Indiana Regional Planning Commission (Indiana) Northwestern Indiana Regional Planning Commission (Indiana) Northwestern Indiana Regional Planning Commission (Indiana) < Back Eligibility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Local Government Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Indiana Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Northwestern Indiana Regional Planning Commission NIRPC is a regional council of local governments serving the citizens of Lake, Porter, and LaPorte counties in Northwest Indiana. NIRPC provides a forum that enables the citizens of Northwest Indiana to address regional issues relating to transportation, the environment and community, and economic development. NIRPC, as a recipient of federal funds, is subject to

103

Characterizing Structural Controls of Geothermal Fields in the Northwestern  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Characterizing Structural Controls of Geothermal Fields in the Northwestern Characterizing Structural Controls of Geothermal Fields in the Northwestern Great Basin- A Progress Report Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Characterizing Structural Controls of Geothermal Fields in the Northwestern Great Basin- A Progress Report Abstract Considering a lack of recent volcanism, the abundant geothermal activity in the northwestern Great Basin is somewhat anomalous. The prolific activity may result from enhanced dilation on N- to NNE-striking normal faults induced by a transfer of NW-directed dextral shear from the Walker Lane to NW-directed extension in the Great Basin. Although faults control most geothermal activity in the Great Basin, few detailed investigations have been conducted on the specific structural controls of individual fields.

104

Energy: Nuclear Technology Status - Symposium at Northwestern University  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nuclear Energy Symposium at Nuclear Energy Symposium at Northwestern University (Oct. 2011) Workshops Nuclear Energy Symposium @ Northwestern University Symposium Overview & Agenda About the Annual Technical Meeting Annual Technical Meeting Information Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter 48th Annual Technical Meeting of Society of Engineering Sciences Northwestern University, October 12-14, 2011 | http://ses2011.org/ Bookmark and Share Fluid, Thermal and Energy Track Symposium 2.6, "Energy: Nuclear Energy Technology" Chair: Roger Blomquist Session date: Thursday, Oct 13, 2011 Sixteen papers by world-leading experts in nuclear technology from Argonne National Laboratory will be presented on October 13 at the Annual Technical Meeting of the Society of Engineering Sciences to be held at Northwestern

105

A Miocene Basanite Peperitic Dyke At Stanley, Northwestern Tasmania,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Miocene Basanite Peperitic Dyke At Stanley, Northwestern Tasmania, Miocene Basanite Peperitic Dyke At Stanley, Northwestern Tasmania, Australia Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Miocene Basanite Peperitic Dyke At Stanley, Northwestern Tasmania, Australia Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: A Miocene basanite dyke at Stanley, northwestern Tasmania, Australia, displays well preserved peperite texture. The dyke is 2 m wide and has intruded basaltic breccia ("host sediment"). One contact of the dyke is fluidally shaped, and amoeboid apophyses 10-25 cm long extend into the host sediment, whereas the other contact is characterized by blocky peperite texture comprising tabular to wedge-shaped clasts up to 30 cm across separated by host sediment. The clasts have internal spherical

106

Physical Mechanisms Regulating Summertime Rainfall over Northwestern Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Summertime (DecemberFebruary) rainfall over northwestern Australia has increased significantly since the middle of the twentieth century. As a prerequisite to understanding the observed trend, this investigation examines the broad characteristics ...

Gareth Berry; Michael J. Reeder; Christian Jakob

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Northwestern University Team Wins Energy Department's National Clean  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Northwestern University Team Wins Energy Department's National Northwestern University Team Wins Energy Department's National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition Northwestern University Team Wins Energy Department's National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition June 14, 2012 - 1:38pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - As part of the Obama Administration's Startup America Initiative that works to encourage and accelerate high-growth entrepreneurship throughout the nation, the Energy Department today announced that NuMat Technologies from Northwestern University won the first-ever DOE National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition. The competition aims to inspire university teams across the country and promote entrepreneurship in clean energy technologies that will boost American competitiveness, bringing cutting-edge clean energy solutions to the market

108

Northwestern University Team Wins Energy Department's National Clean  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Northwestern University Team Wins Energy Department's National Northwestern University Team Wins Energy Department's National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition Northwestern University Team Wins Energy Department's National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition June 14, 2012 - 1:38pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - As part of the Obama Administration's Startup America Initiative that works to encourage and accelerate high-growth entrepreneurship throughout the nation, the Energy Department today announced that NuMat Technologies from Northwestern University won the first-ever DOE National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition. The competition aims to inspire university teams across the country and promote entrepreneurship in clean energy technologies that will boost American competitiveness, bringing cutting-edge clean energy solutions to the market

109

Natural Gas Compressor Stations on the Interstate Pipeline Network:Developments Since 1996  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This special report looks at the use of natural gas pipeline compressor stations on the interstate natural gas pipeline network that serves the lower 48 States. It examines the compression facilities added over the past 10 years and how the expansions have supported pipeline capacity growth intended to meet the increasing demand for natural gas.

Information Center

2007-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

110

Compactly supported cohomology of buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute the compactly supported cohomology of the standard realization of any locally finite building.

Davis, Michael; Januszkiewicz, Tadeusz; Meier, John; Okun, Boris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Blackbody radiation with compact and non-compact extra dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The problem of blackbody radiation in flat space with non-compact extra dimensions was analysed recently. In the present article we reanalyse this problem with compact (and non-compact) extra dimensions in flat space to observe the consequences of this approach upon Wien's displacement and Stefan-Boltzmann law.

Ramaton Ramos; Henrique Boschi-Filho

2009-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

112

TRANSPORTATION CENTER--NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Aviation Symposium: The Future for Aviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TRANSPORTATION CENTER--NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Aviation Symposium: The Future for Aviation April The Transportation Center has organized a special Aviation Symposium focusing on important aviation industry topics, Professor of Transportation at Northwestern University and former Director of the Transportation Center

Bustamante, Fabián E.

113

Stakeholder perspectives on the Clean Air Interstate and the Clean Air Mercury Rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a follow-up to last month's detailed overviews of the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) and the Clean Air Mercury Rule (CAMR), this month EM presents perspectives on the two rules from representatives of a range of stakeholders, including EPA, the states, the regulated community, and the environmental community. Titles of the perspectives are: A Multipollutant Approach to Emissions Reductions; Clean Air Lessons from the Myth of Sisyphus; Reactions to EPA's Clean Air Interstate and Clean Air Mercury Rules; The Case for Coal Rank Subcategorization to Regulate Mercury Emissions; EPA's Mercury Rule: The Latest Delay Tactic; EPA's Mercury Rule: With Technology Today, We Can Do Better; STAPPA/ALAPCO's Perspectives on CAMR and CAIR. 16 refs.

C.V. Mathai; Jeffrey Holmstead; Michael Shore; Skiles Boyd; Vicky Sullivan; Dan Weiss; John Kinsman; Steve Lomax; Michael Rossler; David Steele; Greg Schaefer; Felice Stadler; David Foerter; William Becker [Arizona Public Services, Phoenix, AZ (US)

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Progress in Compact Toroid Experiments  

SciTech Connect

The term "compact toroids" as used here means spherical tokamaks, spheromaks, and field reversed configurations, but not reversed field pinches. There are about 17 compact toroid experiments under construction or operating, with approximate parameters listed in Table 1.

Dolan, Thomas James

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Corporate Realignments and Investments in the Interstate Natural Gas Transmission System  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Examines the financial characteristics of current ownership in the natural gas pipeline industry and of the major U.S. interstate pipeline companies that transported the bulk of the natural gas consumed in the United States between 1992 and 1997, focusing on 14 parent corporations. It also examines the near-term investment needs of the industry and the anticipated growth in demand for natural gas during the next decade.

Information Center

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

NorthWestern Energy - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NorthWestern Energy - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program NorthWestern Energy - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program NorthWestern Energy - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Construction Design & Remodeling Other Sealing Your Home Ventilation Manufacturing Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info Funding Source Electric default supply rates for its default supply customers. Expiration Date 12/31/2013 State Montana Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Furnace/Boiler: $3.25/KBtu/hr Boiler Tune-Up: $100 Water Heater: $2.50/KBtu/hr Stack Heat Exchanger: $0.50/KBtu/hr DHW Circulation Pump Time Clock: $100

117

Microsoft Windows Embedded Compact Cryptographic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Microsoft Windows Cryptographic Primitives Library (bcrypt.dll) Security Policy Document ... Microsoft Windows Embedded Compact ...

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

118

Longitudinal review of state-level accident statistics for carriers of interstate freight  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

State-level accident rates by mode of freight transport have been developed and refined for application to the US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) environmental mitigation program, which may involve large-quantity shipments of hazardous and mixed wastes from DOE facilities. These rates reflect multi-year data for interstate-registered highway earners, American Association of Railroads member carriers, and coastal and internal waterway barge traffic. Adjustments have been made to account for the share of highway combination-truck traffic actually attributable to interstate-registered carriers and for duplicate or otherwise inaccurate entries in the public-use accident data files used. State-to-state variation in rates is discussed, as is the stability of rates over time. Computed highway rates have been verified with actual carriers of high- and low-level nuclear materials, and the most recent truck accident data have been used, to ensure that the results are of the correct order of magnitude. Study conclusions suggest that DOE use the computed rates for the three modes until (1) improved estimation techniques for highway combination-truck miles by state become available; (2) continued evolution of the railroad industry significantly increases the consolidation of interstate rail traffic onto fewer high-capacity trunk lines; or (3) a large-scale off-site waste shipment campaign is imminent.

Saricks, C.; Kvitek, T.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Interstate and intrastate incidence of Oklahoma's severance tax on natural gas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two models, an intrastate model and an interstate model, are developed based on Shelton and Vogt's (1982) coal-severance tax model. Both models are based on a formal demand and supply framework which incorporated the most-important determinants of the demand for and the supply of natural gas. Two reduced-form equations derived from these models are estimated, using ordinary least-square techniques. About 91% of the Oklahoma severance-tax revenue collected from intrastate natural gas sales is paid by Oklahoma consumers; 9% is paid by producers and mineral-rights owners. Less than 9% of this portion of the tax may be exported. About 97% of the Oklahoma severance-tax revenue collected from interstate natural gas sales is paid by out-of-state consumers. Three percent of this tax revenue is paid by producers and mineral rights owners. Over 97% of this portion of the tax may be exported. Over one-half of the taxes collected in both markets may be exported to federal taxpayers through federal tax deductibility. Findings show a large portion of Oklahoma natural gas severance taxes levied on interstate sales may be exported. In this way, the severance tax meets the exportation criterion of a good tax.

Hsu, C.H.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

NorthWestern Energy (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » NorthWestern Energy (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Montana) NorthWestern Energy (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Montana) < Back Eligibility Construction Installer/Contractor Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Construction Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate Lighting: Maximum of fifteen CFLs and five lighting fixtures per calendar year Programmable Thermostat: Two units per household Program Info Funding Source Montana natural gas and electric supply rates. Start Date 01/01/2009 Expiration Date 11/30/2012 State Montana Program Type Utility Rebate Program

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Electronic Compact Fluorescent Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Update addresses the fastest growing energy efficient light source the electronic compact fluorescent lamp (CFL). Business and technical market factors (Chapter 2) explain the past and future growth of the CFL market while emphasizing future technical improvements along with discussion of the importance of utility involvement in helping their customers make the switch from incandescent lamps to CFLs. The basic CFL technology is covered in Chapter 3 including test results for selected ...

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

122

Compact power reactor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There is disclosed a small compact nuclear reactor operating in the epithermal neutron energy range for supplying power at remote locations, as for a satellite. The core contains fuel moderator elements of Zr hydride with 7 w/o of 93% enriched uranium alloy. The core has a radial beryllium reflector and is cooled by liquid metal coolant such as NaK. The reactor is controlled and shut down by moving portions of the reflector.

Wetch, Joseph R. (Woodland Hills, CA); Dieckamp, Herman M. (Canoga Park, CA); Wilson, Lewis A. (Canoga Park, CA)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Compact superradiant Cerenkov source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An economical, coherent, and widely tunable source does not exist spanning the far-infrared electromagnetic spectral range of 50-1000 {mu}m in wavelength. The Cerenkov free-electron laser (CFEL) is a promising candidate. This report describes an experimental investigation of a compact CFEL driven by a high-quality low-energy electron beam. Cerenkov emission and strong gain but remarkably low output coupling were observed.

Owens, I.J.; Brownell, J.H. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755-3528 (United States)

2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

124

Compact Fluorescent Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric lighting constitutes approximately 21-23 % of the electric grid load in the United States. The higher energy and maintenance costs of incandescent lamps, combined with the favorable economics of high-efficiency compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs), are making CFLs the increasingly popular choice for both residential and commercial lighting. Utility incentive and rebate programs to stimulate CFL use and the beginnings of a ban on incandescent lamps are enhancing CFL penetration levels in these enviro...

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

125

Subsurface Jets in the Northwestern Gulf of Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Subsurface jets, defined as having velocity maxima >40 cm s?1 at depths between 100 and 350 m, and being surrounded by much weaker near-surface currents, have been observed over the northwestern Gulf of Mexico continental slope. The observations ...

Peter Hamilton; Antoine Badan

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Compact gate valve  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to a double-disc gate valve which is compact, comparatively simple to construct, and capable of maintaining high closing pressures on the valve discs with low frictional forces. The valve casing includes axially aligned ports. Mounted in the casing is a sealed chamber which is pivotable transversely of the axis of the ports. The chamber contains the levers for moving the valve discs axially, and an actuator for the levers. When an external drive means pivots the chamber to a position where the discs are between the ports and axially aligned therewith, the actuator for the levers is energized to move the discs into sealing engagement with the ports.

Bobo, Gerald E. (Knoxville, TN)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Compact laser amplifier system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact laser amplifier system is described in which a plurality of face-pumped annular disks, aligned along a common axis, independently radially amplify a stimulating light pulse. Partially reflective or lasing means, coaxially positioned at the center of each annualar disk, radially deflects a stimulating light directed down the common axis uniformly into each disk for amplification, such that the light is amplified by the disks in a parallel manner. Circumferential reflecting means coaxially disposed around each disk directs amplified light emission, either toward a common point or in a common direction. (Official Gazette)

Carr, R.B.

1974-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

128

Accretion in Compact Binaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compact binaries have long been a paradigm for accretion theory. Much of our present view of how accretion occurs comes directly from the comparison of theory with observations of these sources. Since theory differs little for other objects such as active galaxies, increasing efforts have recently gone into searching for correspondences in observed behaviour. This chapter aims at giving a concise summary of the field, with particular emphasis on new developments since the previous edition of this book. These developments have been significant. Much of the earlier literature implicitly assumed that accreting binaries were fairly steady sources accreting most of the mass entering their vicinity, often with main-sequence companions, and radiating the resulting accretion luminosity in rough isotropy. We shall see that in reality these assumptions fail for the majority of systems. Most are transient; mass ejection in winds and jets is extremely common; a large (sometimes dominant) fraction of even short-period systems have evolved companions whose structure deviates significantly from the zero-age main sequence; and the radiation pattern of many objects is significantly anisotropic. It is now possible to give a complete characterization of the observed incidence of transient and persistent sources in terms of the disc instability model and formation constraints. X-ray populations in external galaxies, particularly the ultraluminous sources, are revealing important new insights into accretion processes and compact binary evolution.

Andrew R. King

2003-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

129

Compact electrostatic comb actuator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact electrostatic comb actuator is disclosed for microelectromechanical (MEM) applications. The actuator is based upon a plurality of meshed electrostatic combs, some of which are stationary and others of which are moveable. One or more restoring springs are fabricated within an outline of the electrostatic combs (i.e. superposed with the moveable electrostatic combs) to considerably reduce the space required for the actuator. Additionally, a truss structure is provided to support the moveable electrostatic combs and prevent bending or distortion of these combs due to unbalanced electrostatic forces or external loading. The truss structure formed about the moveable electrostatic combs allows the spacing between the interdigitated fingers of the combs to be reduced to about one micron or less, thereby substantially increasing the number of active fingers which can be provided in a given area. Finally, electrostatic shields can be used in the actuator to substantially reduce unwanted electrostatic fields to further improve performance of the device. As a result, the compact electrostatic comb actuator of the present invention occupies only a fraction of the space required for conventional electrostatic comb actuators, while providing a substantial increase in the available drive force (up to one-hundred times).

Rodgers, M. Steven (Albuquerque, NM); Burg, Michael S. (Albuquerque, NM); Jensen, Brian D. (Albuquerque, NM); Miller, Samuel L. (Albuquerque, NM); Barnes, Stephen M. (Albuquerque, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Available Technologies: Compact Hyperspectral Imager  

Scientists have developed a compact and lightweight optical device that can perform spatially resolved spectroscopy at low levels of visible light. The team led ...

131

Susquehanna River Basin Compact (Maryland)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This legislation enables the state's entrance into the Susquehanna River Basin Compact, which provides for the conservation, development, and administration of the water resources of the...

132

METHOD OF FORMING ELONGATED COMPACTS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A powder compacting procedure and apparatus which produces elongated compacts of Be is described. The powdered metal is placed in a thin metal tube which is chemically compatible to lubricant, powder, atmosphere, and die material and will undergo a high degree of plastic deformation and have intermediate hardness. The tube is capped and placed in the die, and punches are applied to the ends. During the compacting stroke the powder seizes the tube and a thickening and shortening of the tube occurs. The tube is easily removed from the die, split, and peeled from the compact. (T.R.H.)

Larson, H.F.

1959-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

CIM - compact intensity modulation.  

SciTech Connect

Compact intensity modulation (CIM), a new method to modulate the intensity of a neutron beam is demonstrated. CIM allows the production of arbitrary signals where the focus point can be chosen and changed without any constraints. A novel feature in this technique compared to spin echo techniques is that the neutron polarization is kept parallel or anti-parallel to the static fields during the passage through the magnetic fields and the beating pattern at the detector is produced by an amplitude modulation (AM) of the adiabatic RF-spin flippers rather than Larmor precession like in neutron spin echo (NSE) instruments; thus, the achievable contrast is very high and the instrument resolution can be changed very quickly. This gives the fascinating possibility at pulsed neutron sources to sweep the modulation frequency of the flippers in order to increase dynamic resolution range during the same neutron pulse.

Bleuel, M.; Lang, E.; Gahler, G.; Lal, J.; Intense Pulsed Neutron Source; Inst. Lau Langevin

2008-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

134

Compact vacuum insulation embodiments  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultra-thin compact vacuum insulation panel is comprised of two hard, but bendable metal wall sheets closely spaced apart from each other and welded around the edges to enclose a vacuum chamber. Glass or ceramic spacers hold the wall sheets apart. The spacers can be discrete spherical beads or monolithic sheets of glass or ceramic webs with nodules protruding therefrom to form essentially point' or line' contacts with the metal wall sheets. In the case of monolithic spacers that form line' contacts, two such spacers with the line contacts running perpendicular to each other form effectively point' contacts at the intersections. Corrugations accommodate bending and expansion, tubular insulated pipes and conduits, and preferred applications are also included. 26 figs.

Benson, D.K.; Potter, T.F.

1992-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

135

Compact acoustic refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a compact acoustic refrigeration system that actively cools components, e.g., electrical circuits, in a borehole environment. An acoustic engine includes first thermodynamic elements for generating a standing acoustic wave in a selected medium. An acoustic refrigerator includes second thermodynamic elements located in the standing wave for generating a relatively cold temperature at a first end of the second thermodynamic elements and a relatively hot temperature at a second end of the second thermodynamic elements. A resonator volume cooperates with the first and second thermodynamic elements to support the standing wave. To accommodate the high heat fluxes required for heat transfer to/from the first and second thermodynamic elements, first heat pipes transfer heat from the heat load to the second thermodynamic elements and second heat pipes transfer heat from first and second thermodynamic elements to the borehole environment.

Bennett, G.A.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

136

Compact acoustic refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact acoustic refrigeration system actively cools components, e.g., electrical circuits, in a borehole environment. An acoustic engine includes first thermodynamic elements for generating a standing acoustic wave in a selected medium. An acoustic refrigerator includes second thermodynamic elements located in the standing wave for generating a relatively cold temperature at a first end of the second thermodynamic elements and a relatively hot temperature at a second end of the second thermodynamic elements. A resonator volume cooperates with the first and second thermodynamic elements to support the standing wave. To accommodate the high heat fluxes required for heat transfer to/from the first and second thermodynamic elements, first heat pipes transfer heat from the heat load to the second thermodynamic elements and second heat pipes transfer heat from first and second thermodynamic elements to the borehole environment. 18 figs.

Bennett, G.A.

1992-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

137

Compact acoustic refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact acoustic refrigeration system actively cools components, e.g., electrical circuits (22), in a borehole environment. An acoustic engine (12, 14) includes first thermodynamic elements (12) for generating a standing acoustic wave in a selected medium. An acoustic refrigerator (16, 26, 28) includes second thermodynamic elements (16) located in the standing wave for generating a relatively cold temperature at a first end of the second thermodynamic elements (16) and a relatively hot temperature at a second end of the second thermodynamic elements (16). A resonator volume (18) cooperates with the first and second thermodynamic elements (12, 16) to support the standing wave. To accommodate the high heat fluxes required for heat transfer to/from the first and second thermodynamic elements (12, 16), first heat pipes (24, 26) transfer heat from the heat load (22) to the second thermodynamic elements (16) and second heat pipes (28, 32) transfer heat from first and second thermodynamic elements (12, 16) to the borehole environment.

Bennett, Gloria A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Compact vacuum insulation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultra-thin compact vacuum insulation panel is comprised of two hard, but bendable metal wall sheets closely spaced apart from each other and welded around the edges to enclose a vacuum chamber. Glass or ceramic spacers hold the wall sheets apart. The spacers can be discrete spherical beads or monolithic sheets of glass or ceramic webs with nodules protruding therefrom to form essentially point'' or line'' contacts with the metal wall sheets. In the case of monolithic spacers that form line'' contacts, two such spacers with the line contacts running perpendicular to each other form effectively point'' contacts at the intersections. Corrugations accommodate bending and expansion, tubular insulated pipes and conduits, and preferred applications are also included.

Benson, D.K.; Potter, T.F.

1993-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

139

Compact vacuum insulation embodiments  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultra-thin compact vacuum insulation panel is comprised of two hard, but bendable metal wall sheets closely spaced apart from each other and welded around the edges to enclose a vacuum chamber. Glass or ceramic spacers hold the wall sheets apart. The spacers can be discrete spherical beads or monolithic sheets of glass or ceramic webs with nodules protruding therefrom to form essentially "point" or "line" contacts with the metal wall sheets. In the case of monolithic spacers that form "line" contacts, two such spacers with the line contacts running perpendicular to each other form effectively "point" contacts at the intersections. Corrugations accommodate bending and expansion, tubular insulated pipes and conduits, and preferred applications are also included.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Potter, Thomas F. (Denver, CO)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Compact vacuum insulation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultra-thin compact vacuum insulation panel is comprised of two hard, but bendable metal wall sheets closely spaced apart from each other and welded around the edges to enclose a vacuum chamber. Glass or ceramic spacers hold the wall sheets apart. The spacers can be discrete spherical beads or monolithic sheets of glass or ceramic webs with nodules protruding therefrom to form essentially "point" or "line" contacts with the metal wall sheets. In the case of monolithic spacers that form "line" contacts, two such spacers with the line contacts running perpendicular to each other form effectively "point" contacts at the intersections. Corrugations accommodate bending and expansion, tubular insulated pipes and conduits, and preferred applications are also included.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Potter, Thomas F. (Denver, CO)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

NorthWestern Corporation (Wyoming) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name NorthWestern Corporation Place Wyoming Utility Id 12825 References Energy Information Administration.[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Residential: $0.0975/kWh Commercial: $0.1380/kWh The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data for NorthWestern Corporation (Wyoming). Month RES REV (THOUSAND $) RES SALES (MWH) RES CONS COM REV (THOUSAND $) COM SALES (MWH) COM CONS IND_REV (THOUSAND $) IND SALES (MWH) IND CONS OTH REV (THOUSAND $) OTH SALES (MWH) OTH CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND $) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-03 14.42 146.703 173 99.874 849.906 170 114.294 996.609 343

142

Hydrothermal Heat Discharge In The Cascade Range, Northwestern United  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Hydrothermal Heat Discharge In The Cascade Range, Northwestern United States Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Hydrothermal Heat Discharge In The Cascade Range, Northwestern United States Details Activities (3) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Hydrothermal heat discharge in the Cascade Range includes the heat discharged by thermal springs, by "slightly thermal" springs that are only a few degrees warmer than ambient temperature, and by fumaroles. Thermal-spring heat discharge is calculated on the basis of chloride-flux measurements and geothermometer temperatures and totals ~ 240 MW in the U.S. part of the Cascade Range, excluding the transient post-1980 discharge

143

NorthWestern Energy LLC (Wyoming) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wyoming) Wyoming) Jump to: navigation, search Name NorthWestern Energy LLC Place Wyoming Utility Id 12825 References Energy Information Administration.[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data for NorthWestern Energy LLC (Wyoming). Month RES REV (THOUSAND $) RES SALES (MWH) RES CONS COM REV (THOUSAND $) COM SALES (MWH) COM CONS IND_REV (THOUSAND $) IND SALES (MWH) IND CONS OTH REV (THOUSAND $) OTH SALES (MWH) OTH CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND $) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-01 19.46 199.099 171 106.025 923.771 168 125.485 1,122.87 339

144

Northwestern Wisconsin Elec Co (Minnesota) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Minnesota) Minnesota) Jump to: navigation, search Name Northwestern Wisconsin Elec Co Place Minnesota Utility Id 13815 References Energy Information Administration.[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Residential: $0.1370/kWh Commercial: $0.1440/kWh The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data for Northwestern Wisconsin Elec Co (Minnesota). Month RES REV (THOUSAND $) RES SALES (MWH) RES CONS COM REV (THOUSAND $) COM SALES (MWH) COM CONS IND_REV (THOUSAND $) IND SALES (MWH) IND CONS OTH REV (THOUSAND $) OTH SALES (MWH) OTH CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND $) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS

145

NorthWestern Energy - USB Renewable Energy Fund | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NorthWestern Energy - USB Renewable Energy Fund NorthWestern Energy - USB Renewable Energy Fund NorthWestern Energy - USB Renewable Energy Fund < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Wind Maximum Rebate PV: 6,000 Wind: 10,000 Program Info State Montana Program Type Utility Grant Program Rebate Amount PV: 3.00/watt Wind: 2.00/watt Provider NorthWestern Energy NorthWestern Energy (NWE), formerly Montana Power Company, periodically provides funding to its customers for renewable energy projects. In 1997, Montana established the Universal System Benefits (USB) program. The USB requires all electric and gas utilities to establish USB funds for low-income energy assistance, weatherization, energy efficiency activities, and development of renewable energy resources. A typical NorthWestern

146

Compact vacuum insulation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Improved compact insulation panel is provided which is comprised of two adjacent metal sheets spaced close together with a plurality of spherical, or other discretely shaped, glass or ceramic beads optimally positioned between the sheets to provide support and maintain the spacing between the metal sheets when the gases therebetween are evacuated to form a vacuum. These spherical glass beads provide the maximum support while minimizing thermal conductance. In its preferred embodiment; these two metal sheets are textured with ribs or concave protrusions in conjunction with the glass beads to maximize the structural integrity of the panels while increasing the spacing between beads, thereby reducing the number of beads and the number of thermal conduction paths. Glass or porcelain-enameled liners in combination with the glass spacers and metal sidewalls effectively decrease thermal conductivity, and variious laminates, including wood, porcelain-enameled metal, and others effectively increase the strength and insulation capabilities of the panels. Also, a metal web is provided to hold the spacers in place, and strategic grooves are shown to accommodate expansion and contraction or shaping of the panels.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Potter, Thomas F. (Denver, CO)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Compact vacuum insulation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Improved compact insulation panel is provided which is comprised of two adjacent metal sheets spaced close together with a plurality of spherical, or other discretely shaped, glass or ceramic beads optimally positioned between the sheets to provide support and maintain the spacing between the metal sheets when the gases there between are evacuated to form a vacuum. These spherical glass beads provide the maximum support while minimizing thermal conductance. In its preferred embodiment; these two metal sheets are textured with ribs or concave protrusions in conjunction with the glass beads to maximize the structural integrity of the panels while increasing the spacing between beads, thereby reducing the number of beads and the number of thermal conduction paths. Glass or porcelain-enameled liners in combination with the glass spacers and metal sidewalls effectively decrease thermal conductivity, and various laminates, including wood, porcelain-enameled metal, and others effectively increase the strength and insulation capabilities of the panels. Also, a metal web is provided to hold the spacers in place, and strategic grooves are shown to accommodate expansion and contraction or shaping of the panels. 35 figs.

Benson, D.K.; Potter, T.F.

1992-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

148

Upper Devonian and Lower Mississippian stratigraphy of Northwestern Montana: a petroleum system approach.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Upper Devonian and Lower Mississippian stratigraphy in the Antler foreland basin of northwestern Montana is the current focus of exploration for several petroleum companies. (more)

Schietinger, Paul S.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Microsoft Word - DOE-ID-13-050 Northwestern EC B3-6.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 SECTION A. Project Title: Predictive Characterization of Aging and Degradation of Reactor Materials in Extreme Environments - Northwestern University SECTION B. Project...

150

Rosenzweig of DND-CAT & Northwestern University Receives MacArthur...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Industry Argonne Home Advanced Photon Source October 6th, 2003 Rosenzweig of DND-CAT & Northwestern University Receives MacArthur Grant Photo of Amy Rosenzweig Amy...

151

Canadian River Compact (Texas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Savings Canadian River Compact (Texas) Canadian River Compact (Texas) Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial...

152

Rio Grande Compact (Texas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rio Grande Compact (Texas) Rio Grande Compact (Texas) Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility StateProvincial Govt Industrial...

153

New considerations for compact cyclotrons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A compact cyclotron built with superconducting magnets could be a transformative solution to many scientific problems facing the defense, medical, and energy industries today. This thesis discusses three potential applications ...

Marshall, Eric S. (Eric Scott)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Technology certification and technology acceptance: Promoting interstate cooperation and market development for innovative technologies  

SciTech Connect

In the past two years, public and private efforts to promote development and deployment of innovative environmental technologies have shifted from the analysis of barriers to the implementation of a variety of initiatives aimed at surmounting those barriers. Particular attention has been directed at (1) streamlining fragmented technology acceptance processes within and among the states, and (2) alleviating disincentives, created by inadequate or unverified technology cost and performance data, for users and regulators to choose innovative technologies. Market fragmentation currently imposes significant cost burdens on technology developers and inhibits the investment of private capital in environmental technology companies. Among the responses to these problems are state and federal technology certification/validation programs, efforts to standardize cost/performance data reporting, and initiatives aimed at promoting interstate cooperation in technology testing and evaluation. This paper reviews the current status of these initiatives, identifies critical challenges to their success, and recommends strategies for addressing those challenges.

Brockbank, B.R.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Evidence of uranium biomineralization in sandstone-hosted roll-front uranium deposits, northwestern China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evidence of uranium biomineralization in sandstone-hosted roll-front uranium deposits, northwestern Available online 25 January 2005 Abstract We show evidence that the primary uranium minerals, uraninite-front uranium deposits, Xinjiang, northwestern China were biogenically precipitated and psuedomorphically

Fayek, Mostafa

156

Factors controlling the evolution of the Perdido Fold Belt, northwestern Gulf of Mexico, determined  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Factors controlling the evolution of the Perdido Fold Belt, northwestern Gulf of Mexico, determined) is a prominent salt- cored deep water structure in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico. It is characterized of the Gulf of Mexico show that toe-of-slope folding is a viable mechanism to develop diapirs in the deep salt

Beaumont, Christopher

157

Directions: Interstate 80 to Hwy 113 north toward Woodland. From Hwy 113 take Hutchison Road exit and turn (east bound) on Hutchison Road.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 2 3 4 5 Directions: Interstate 80 to Hwy 113 north toward Woodland. From Hwy 113 take Hutchison for options. Driving Directions Questions? Call the Bohart Museum at (530) 752-0493 *For drop-offs or limited

Hammock, Bruce D.

158

NorthWestern Energy LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy LLC Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name NorthWestern Energy LLC Place Montana Utility Id 12825 References Energy Information Administration.[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data for NorthWestern Energy LLC (Montana). Month RES REV (THOUSAND $) RES SALES (MWH) RES CONS COM REV (THOUSAND $) COM SALES (MWH) COM CONS IND_REV (THOUSAND $) IND SALES (MWH) IND CONS OTH REV (THOUSAND $) OTH SALES (MWH) OTH CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND $) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS 2009-01 26,641.351 276,208.521 268,732 24,193.424 264,721.265 63,592 2,331.272 34,148.63 175 53,166.047 575,078.416 332,499

159

Compact orthogonal NMR field sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A Compact Orthogonal Field Sensor for emitting two orthogonal electro-magnetic fields in a common space. More particularly, a replacement inductor for existing NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) sensors to allow for NMR imaging. The Compact Orthogonal Field Sensor has a conductive coil and a central conductor electrically connected in series. The central conductor is at least partially surrounded by the coil. The coil and central conductor are electrically or electro-magnetically connected to a device having a means for producing or inducing a current through the coil and central conductor. The Compact Orthogonal Field Sensor can be used in NMR imaging applications to determine the position and the associated NMR spectrum of a sample within the electro-magnetic field of the central conductor.

Gerald, II, Rex E. (Brookfield, IL); Rathke, Jerome W. (Homer Glen, IL)

2009-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

160

Electric Transmission Line Siting Compact  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric Transmission Line Siting Compact Electric Transmission Line Siting Compact 1 ______________________________________________________________________________ 2 ARTICLE I 3 PURPOSE 4 5 Siting electric transmission lines across state borders and federal lands is an issue for states, the 6 federal government, transmission utilities, consumers, environmentalists, and other stakeholders. 7 The current, multi-year application review process by separate and equal jurisdictions constitutes 8 a sometimes inefficient and redundant process for transmission companies and complicates the 9 efforts of state and federal policy-makers and other stakeholders to develop more robust 10 economic opportunities, increase grid reliability and security, and ensure the consumers have the 11 lowest cost electricity possible. 12

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Compact monolithic capacitive discharge unit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact monolithic capacitive discharge unit (CDU) is disclosed in which a thyristor switch and a flyback charging circuit are both sandwiched about a ceramic energy storage capacitor. The result is a compact rugged assembly which provides a low-inductance current discharge path. The flyback charging circuit preferably includes a low-temperature co-fired ceramic transformer. The CDU can further include one or more ceramic substrates for enclosing the thyristor switch and for holding various passive components used in the flyback charging circuit. A load such as a detonator can also be attached directly to the CDU.

Roesler, Alexander W. (Tijeras, NM); Vernon, George E. (Rio Rancho, NM); Hoke, Darren A. (Albuquerque, NM); De Marquis, Virginia K. (Tijeras, NM); Harris, Steven M. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

162

Strategy for the Integration of Hydrogen as a Vehicle Fuel into the Existing Natural Gas Vehicle Fueling Infrastructure of the Interstate Clean Transportation Corridor Project: 22 April 2004--31 August 2005  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Evaluates opportunities to integrate hydrogen into the fueling stations of the Interstate Clean Transportation Corridor--an existing network of LNG fueling stations in California and Nevada.

Gladstein, Neandross and Associates

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Compact Totally Disconnected Moufang Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Let $\\Delta$ be a spherical building each of whose irreducible components is infinite, has rank at least 2 and satisfies the Moufang condition. We show that $\\Delta$ can be given the structure of a topological building that is compact and totally disconnected precisely when $\\Delta$ is the building at infinity of a locally finite affine building.

Grundhofer, T; Van Maldeghem, H; Weiss, R M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Northwestern Rural E C A, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural E C A, Inc Rural E C A, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Northwestern Rural E C A, Inc Place Pennsylvania Utility Id 40293 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Comfort Plus Rider - Residential Residential GZP - Growth Zone Pricing Service (Commercial) Commercial GZP - Growth Zone Pricing Service (Industrial) Industrial Heat Shift Rider Controlled 20 kW to 40 kW Residential Heat Shift Rider Controlled less than 20 kW - Residential Residential OFFP 3 - Interruptible / Off - Peak Space Heating Residential

165

Department of Energy - Arizona  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

97 en Western Interstate Nuclear Compact State Nuclear Policy (Multiple States) http:energy.govsavingswestern-interstate-nuclear-compact-state-nuclear-policy-multiple-states

166

SPALL FRACTURE AND SPALL FRACTURE AND COMPACTION COMPACTION  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

SPALL FRACTURE AND SPALL FRACTURE AND SPALL FRACTURE AND SPALL FRACTURE AND COMPACTION COMPACTION IN NATURAL URANIUM IN NATURAL URANIUM UNDER SHOCK UNDER SHOCK - - WAVE LOADING WAVE LOADING O.A. O.A. Tyupanova Tyupanova , S.S. , S.S. Nadezhin Nadezhin , A.N. , A.N. Malyshev Malyshev , , O.N. O.N. Ignatova Ignatova , V.I. , V.I. Skokov Skokov , V.N. , V.N. Knyazev Knyazev , , V.A. V.A. Raevsky Raevsky , N.A. , N.A. Yukina Yukina Russian Federal Nuclear Center Russian Federal Nuclear Center - - VNIIEF, VNIIEF, Sarov Sarov , Russia , Russia Introduction Introduction  Nucleation and growth of defects inside a solid under pulse tensile stresses signify a necessity to consider it as a damaged medium.  A certain volume of experimental data, obtained in correct tests, which are sensitive to a characteristic under study, is necessary

167

Charlton Compact Power Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Charlton Compact Power Ltd Charlton Compact Power Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Charlton Compact Power Ltd Place Frome, England, United Kingdom Zip BA11 2RH Sector Biomass Product A joint venture between A. J. Charlton & Sons and Compact Power to develop a 3.6MW to 4.5MW biomass plant in Somerset. References Charlton Compact Power Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Charlton Compact Power Ltd is a company located in Frome, England, United Kingdom . References ↑ "Charlton Compact Power Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Charlton_Compact_Power_Ltd&oldid=343457" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations

168

Compact High-Temperature Superconducting Cable Wins ' ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Compact High-Temperature Superconducting Cable Wins 'R&D 100' Award. From NIST Tech Beat: June 22, 2011. ...

2011-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

169

Diurnal Patterns of Rainfall in Northwestern South America. Part II: Model Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This second paper of a three-part series documents the ability of the fifth-generation Pennsylvania State UniversityNCAR Mesoscale Model (MM5) to successfully replicate some known aspects of the rainfall of northwestern South America. The ...

Thomas T. Warner; Brian E. Mapes; Mei Xu

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Compound vulnerabilities: The intersection of climate variability and HIV/AIDS in northwestern Tanzania  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Drawing on ethnographic research conducted in Nsisha, a rural village located close to the shores of Lake Victoria in northwestern Tanzania, this article analyzes how climate change and variability intersect with other stressors that affect rural ...

Valerie Githinji; Todd A. Crane

171

Lagrangian Transport through an Ocean Front in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the tools of lobe dynamics, the authors analyze the structures present in the velocity field obtained from a numerical simulation of the surface circulation in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea. In particular, focus is placed on the North ...

Ana M. Mancho; Emilio Hernndez-Garca; Des Small; Stephen Wiggins; Vicente Fernndez

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Recent Changes in Explosively Developing Extratropical Cyclones over the Winter Northwestern Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigated recent changes in the characteristics of explosively developing extratropical cyclones over the northwestern Pacific region in winter from 1979/80 to 2010/11 by using reanalysis data from the Japanese 25-yr Reanalysis/Japan ...

Koki Iwao; Masaru Inatsu; Masahide Kimoto

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Tree-Ring-Reconstructed Summer Temperatures from Northwestern North America during the Last Nine Centuries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Northwestern North America has one of the highest rates of recent temperature increase in the world, but the putative divergence problem in dendroclimatology potentially limits the ability of tree-ring proxy data at high latitudes to provide ...

Kevin J. Anchukaitis; Rosanne D. DArrigo; Laia Andreu-Hayles; David Frank; Anne Verstege; Ashley Curtis; Brendan M. Buckley; Gordon C. Jacoby; Edward R. Cook

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

A Three-Dimensional Numerical Study of Deep-Water Formation in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Deep-water formation (DWF) in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea and the subsequent horizontal circulation are investigated in a rectangular basin with a three-dimensional primitive equation model. The basin is forced by constant climatological ...

Gurvan Madec; Pascale Delecluse; Michel Crepon; Michel Chartier

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

A Comparison among LATEX, NCEP, and ERS-1 Scatterometer Winds over the Northwestern Gulf of Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hourly wind fields for the northwestern Gulf of Mexico (here called LATEX winds) were constructed from in situ measurements for the period April 1992 through November 1994 using statistical (optimal) interpolation. Here the LATEX winds are ...

Wensu Wang; Worth D. Nowlin Jr.; Robert O. Reid

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Predictability of Explosive Cyclogenesis over the Northwestern Pacific Region Using Ensemble Reanalysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The predictability of explosive cyclones over the northwestern Pacific region is investigated using an ensemble reanalysis dataset. Explosive cyclones are categorized into two types according to whether the region of the most rapid development is ...

Akira Kuwano-Yoshida; Takeshi Enomoto

177

Seasonal Variation of Surface TemperatureModulating Factors in the Sonoran Desert in Northwestern Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors explore a new approach to monitoring of desertification that is based on use of results on the relation between albedo and surface temperature for the Sonoran Desert in northwestern Mexico. The criteria of predominance of radiation by ...

Iryna Tereshchenko; Alexander N. Zolotokrylin; Tatiana B. Titkova; Luis Brito-Castillo; Cesar Octavio Monzon

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Compact magnetic energy storage module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconducting compact magnetic energy storage module in which a plurality of superconducting toroids, each having a toroidally wound superconducting winding inside a poloidally wound superconducting winding, are stacked so that the flow of electricity in each toroidally wound superconducting winding is in a direction opposite from the direction of electrical flow in other contiguous superconducting toroids. This allows for minimal magnetic pollution outside of the module. 4 figures.

Prueitt, M.L.

1994-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

179

Compact magnetic energy storage module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconducting compact magnetic energy storage module in which a plurality of superconducting toroids, each having a toroidally wound superconducting winding inside a poloidally wound superconducting winding, are stacked so that the flow of electricity in each toroidally wound superconducting winding is in a direction opposite from the direction of electrical flow in other contiguous superconducting toroids. This allows for minimal magnetic pollution outside of the module.

Prueitt, Melvin L. (Los Alamos, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Compact portable diffraction moire interferometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact and portable moire interferometer used to determine surface deformations of an object. The improved interferometer is comprised of a laser beam, optical and fiber optics devices coupling the beam to one or more evanescent wave splitters, and collimating lenses directing the split beam at one or more specimen gratings. Observation means including film and video cameras may be used to view and record the resultant fringe patterns.

Deason, Vance A. (Shelley, ID); Ward, Michael B. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Compact portable diffraction moire interferometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact and portable moire interferometer used to determine surface deformations of an object. The improved interferometer is comprised of a laser beam, optical and fiber optics devices coupling the beam to one or more evanescent wave splitters, and collimating lenses directing the split beam at one or more specimen gratings. Observations means including film and video cameras may be used to view and record the resultant fringe patterns. 7 figs.

Deason, V.A.; Ward, M.B.

1988-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

182

Thixoforming of Stellite Powder Compacts  

SciTech Connect

Thixoforming involves processing metallic alloys in the semi-solid state. The process requires the microstructure to be spheroidal when part-solid and part-liquid i.e. to consist of solid spheroids surrounded by liquid. The aim of this work was to investigate whether powder compacts can be used as feedstock for thixoforming and whether the consolidating pressure in the thixoformer can be used to remove porosity from the compact. The powder compacts were made from stellite 6 and stellite 21 alloys, cobalt-based alloys widely used for e.g. manufacturing prostheses. Isothermal heat treatments of small samples in the consolidated state showed the optimum thixoforming temperature to be in the range 1340 deg. C-1350 deg. C for both materials. The alloys were thixoformed into graphite dies and flowed easily to fill the die. Porosity in the thixoformed components was lower than in the starting material. Hardness values at various positions along the radius of the thixoformed demonstrator component were above the specification for both alloys.

Hogg, S. C. [Institute of PolymerTechnology and Materials Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, LE11 3TU (United Kingdom); Atkinson, H. V. [Department of Engineering, University of Leicester, University Rd., Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom); Kapranos, P. [Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield, Mappin Street, Sheffield S1 3JD (United Kingdom)

2007-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

183

Canadian River Compact (Texas) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Canadian River Compact (Texas) Canadian River Compact (Texas) Canadian River Compact (Texas) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Program Info State Texas Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Canadian River Compact Commission The Canadian River Commission administers the Canadian River Compact which includes the states of New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas. Signed in 1950 by

184

Prediction of reservoir compaction and surface subsidence  

SciTech Connect

A new loading-rate-dependent compaction model for unconsolidated clastic reservoirs is presented that considerably improves the accuracy of predicting reservoir rock compaction and surface subsidence resulting from pressure depletion in oil and gas fields. The model has been developed on the basis of extensive laboratory studies and can be derived from a theory relating compaction to time-dependent intergranular friction. The procedure for calculating reservoir compaction from laboratory measurements with the new model is outlined. Both field and laboratory compaction behaviors appear to be described by one single normalized, nonlinear compaction curve. With the new model, the large discrepancies usually observed between predictions based on linear compaction models and actual (nonlinear) field behavior can be explained.

De Waal, J.A.; Smits, R.M.M.

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Residual Stress Tensor in a Compact Tension Weld Specimen  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Residual Stress Tensor in a Compact Tension Weld Specimen ... austenitic stainless steel (Esshete 1250) compact tension weld specimen.

186

Investigation of a bladder cancer cluster in northwestern Illinois  

SciTech Connect

Cancer maps from 1950 through 1979 revealed areas of high mortality from bladder cancer for both males and females in several northwestern Illinois counties. In order to further explore this excess, a bladder cancer incidence study was conducted in the eight counties comprising this region. Eligible cases were those first diagnosed with bladder cancer between 1978 and 1985. Age adjusted standardized incidence ratios were calculated for each county and for 97 zip codes within these counties. County results revealed no excesses. Zip code results indicated elevated risks in a few areas, but only two zip codes had significantly elevated results. One of these zip codes had a significant excess in males (standardized incidence ratio = 1.5) and females (standardized incidence ratio = 1.9). This excess was primarily confined to one town in this zip code, in which standardized incidence ratios were significantly elevated in males (1.7) and females (2.6). Further investigation revealed that one of four public drinking water wells in this town had been closed due to contamination; two wells were within a half mile (0.8 km) of a landfill site that had ceased operating in 1972. Tests of these two wells revealed traces of trichloroethylene, tetrachloroethylene, and other solvents. Further investigation of this cluster is discussed.

Mallin, K. (Illinois Cancer Council, Chicago (USA))

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

If houses could talk| A comparative analysis of Elymian houses in northwestern Sicily with vernacular structures of Greece and Anatolia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This research is an architectural comparative analysis between Elymian houses in northwestern Sicily and vernacular structures from Anatolia and Greece in order to demonstrate (more)

Genova, Amy Michelle

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Compacted carbon for electrochemical cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention provides compacted carbon that is useful in the electrode of an alkali metal/carbon electrochemical cell of improved capacity selected from the group consisting of: (a) coke having the following properties: (i) an x-ray density of at least 2.00 grams per cubic centimeters, (ii) a closed porosity of no greater than 5%, and (iii) an open porosity of no greater than 47%; and (b) graphite having the following properties: (i) an x-ray density of at least 2.20 grams per cubic centimeters, (ii) a closed porosity of no greater than 5%, and (iii) an open porosity of no greater than 25%. This invention also relates to an electrode for an alkali metal/carbon electrochemical cell comprising compacted carbon as described above and a binder. This invention further provides an alkali metal/carbon electrochemical cell comprising: (a) an electrode as described above, (b) a non-aqueous electrolytic solution comprising an organic aprotic solvent and an electrolytically conductive salt and an alkali metal, and (c) a counterelectrode.

Greinke, Ronald Alfred (Medina, OH); Lewis, Irwin Charles (Strongsville, OH)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Compacted carbon for electrochemical cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention provides compacted carbon that is useful in the electrode of an alkali metal/carbon electrochemical cell of improved capacity selected from the group consisting of: (a) coke having the following properties: (1) an x-ray density of at least 2.00 grams per cubic centimeters, (2) a closed porosity of no greater than 5%, and (3) an open porosity of no greater than 47%; and (b) graphite having the following properties: (1) an x-ray density of at least 2.20 grams per cubic centimeters, (2) a closed porosity of no greater than 5%, and (3) an open porosity of no greater than 25%. This invention also relates to an electrode for an alkali metal/carbon electrochemical cell comprising compacted carbon as described above and a binder. This invention further provides an alkali metal/carbon electrochemical cell comprising: (a) an electrode as described above, (b) a non-aqueous electrolytic solution comprising an organic aprotic solvent and an electrolytically conductive salt and an alkali metal, and (c) a counter electrode. 10 figs.

Greinke, R.A.; Lewis, I.C.

1997-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

190

Method for preparing porous metal hydride compacts  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for preparing porous metallic-matrix hydride compacts which can be repeatedly hydrided and dehydrided without disintegration. A mixture of a finely divided metal hydride and a finely divided matrix metal is contacted with a poison which prevents the metal hydride from dehydriding at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. The mixture of matrix metal and poisoned metal hydride is then compacted under pressure at room temperature to form porous metallic-matrix hydride compacts.

Ron, M.; Gruen, D.M.; Mendelsohn, M.H.; Sheft, I.

1980-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

191

Compact Solid State Cooling Systems: Compact MEMS Electrocaloric Module  

SciTech Connect

BEETIT Project: UCLA is developing a novel solid-state cooling technology to translate a recent scientific discovery of the so-called giant electrocaloric effect into commercially viable compact cooling systems. Traditional air conditioners use noisy, vapor compression systems that include a polluting liquid refrigerant to circulate within the air conditioner, absorb heat, and pump the heat out into the environment. Electrocaloric materials achieve the same result by heating up when placed within an electric field and cooling down when removedeffectively pumping heat out from a cooler to warmer environment. This electrocaloric-based solid state cooling system is quiet and does not use liquid refrigerants. The innovation includes developing nano-structured materials and reliable interfaces for heat exchange. With these innovations and advances in micro/nano-scale manufacturing technologies pioneered by semiconductor companies, UCLA is aiming to extend the performance/reliability of the cooling module.

None

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Dedicated Compact Refinery - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Meeting, 2013 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition ... capital cost per tonne of alumina (tA) capacity; * Compact plant production capacity, resulting in a simple and...

193

Compact Absorption Chiller - Energy Innovation Portal  

The Compact Absorption Chiller uses microchannel technologies in an absorption heat pump which produces cooling using heat as the primary energy source.

194

Compact submanifolds supporting singular interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A quantum particle moving under the influence of singular interactions on embedded surfaces furnish an interesting example from the spectral point of view. In these problems, the possible occurrence of a bound state is perhaps the most important aspect. Such systems can be introduced as quadratic forms and generically they do not require renormalization. Yet an alternative path through the resolvent is also beneficial to study various properties. In the present work, we address these issues for compact surfaces embedded in a class of ambient manifolds. We discover that there is an exact bound state solution written in terms of the heat kernel of the ambient manifold for a range of coupling strengths. Moreover, we develop techniques to estimate bounds on the ground state energy when several surfaces, each of which admits a bound state solution, coexist.

Kaynak, Burak Tevfik

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Compact submanifolds supporting singular interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A quantum particle moving under the influence of singular interactions on embedded surfaces furnish an interesting example from the spectral point of view. In these problems, the possible occurrence of a bound state is perhaps the most important aspect. Such systems can be introduced as quadratic forms and generically they do not require renormalization. Yet an alternative path through the resolvent is also beneficial to study various properties. In the present work, we address these issues for compact surfaces embedded in a class of ambient manifolds. We discover that there is an exact bound state solution written in terms of the heat kernel of the ambient manifold for a range of coupling strengths. Moreover, we develop techniques to estimate bounds on the ground state energy when several surfaces, each of which admits a bound state solution, coexist.

Burak Tevfik Kaynak; O. Teoman Turgut

2013-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

196

Epibenthic invertebrates and fishes of the continental shelf of the northwestern Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Data from 34 epibenthic trawls were made on the continental shelf of the northwestern Gulf of Mexico between depths 13 and 400 meters. These took 6,468 individuals belonging to 251 species of demersal fishes and invertebrates, with a mean number of 287 individuals per hectare. The average biomass for all the assemblages was 294 mg/m2 (0.294 g/m2), and the average diversity (H') was 2.0. Hypoxic conditions were not found during the investigation. There was no correlation found between the number of species and depth. Biomass and diversity were not statistically significant between nearshore and offshore. A relatively high number of species were collected from the northwestern Gulf of Mexico compared with the northeastern Gulf; in addition, northwestern Gulf diversity lies between stable tropical shelves and those in temperate latitudes. Evaluation of the percentage similarity indices between stations showed low similarity among the assemblages.

Al-Jabr, Abdulrahman Mohammad

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Compactness of the space of causal curves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove that the space of causal curves between compact subsets of a separable globally hyperbolic poset is itself compact in the Vietoris topology. Although this result implies the usual result in general relativity, its proof does not require the use of geometry or differentiable structure.

Keye Martin

2004-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

198

Compaction within the South Belridge diatomite  

SciTech Connect

Compaction is incorporated into a field-scale finite-difference thermal simulator to allow practical engineering analysis of reservoir compaction caused by fluid withdrawal. Capabilities new to petroleum applications include hysteresis in the form of limited rebound during fluid injection and the concept of relaxation time (i.e., creep).

Chase C.A. Jr.; Dietrich, J.K. (Todd, Dietrich and Chase Inc., Durango, CO (US))

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Compact Process Development at Babcock & Wilcox  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multiple process approaches have been used historically to manufacture cylindrical nuclear fuel compacts. Scale-up of fuel compacting was required for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) project to achieve an economically viable automated production process capable of providing a minimum of 10 compacts/minute with high production yields. In addition, the scale-up effort was required to achieve matrix density equivalent to baseline historical production processes, and allow compacting at fuel packing fractions up to 46% by volume. The scale-up approach of jet milling, fluid-bed overcoating, and hot-press compacting adopted in the U.S. Advanced Gas Reactor (AGR) Fuel Development Program involves significant paradigm shifts to capitalize on distinct advantages in simplicity, yield, and elimination of mixed waste. A series of compaction trials have been completed to optimize compaction conditions of time, temperature, and forming pressure using natural uranium oxycarbide (NUCO) fuel at packing fractions exceeding 46% by volume. Results from these trials are included. The scale-up effort is nearing completion with the process installed and operable using nuclear fuel materials. Final process testing is in progress to certify the process for manufacture of qualification test fuel compacts in 2012.

Eric Shaber; Jeffrey Phillips

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Table 12. Interstate movements and movements across U.S. borders of natural gas by state, 2012  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Table 12. Interstate movements and movements across U.S. borders of natural gas by state, 2012 (million cubic feet) See footnotes at end of table. Alabama Florida 0 1,246,541 -1,246,541 Georgia 0 1,714,216 -1,714,216 Gulf of Mexico 154,527 0 154,527 Mississippi 3,635,297 0 3,635,297 Tennessee 79,316 290,500 -211,184 Total 3,869,140 3,251,257 617,883 Alaska Japan 0 9,342 -9,342 Total 0 9,342 -9,342 Arizona California 83,992 951,872 -867,880 Mexico 2,546 46,385 -43,838 New Mexico 1,256,916

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Table 12. Interstate movements and movements across U.S. borders of natural gas by state, 2011  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Table 12. Interstate movements and movements across U.S. borders of natural gas by state, 2011 (million cubic feet) See footnotes at end of table. Alabama Florida 0 1,167,184 -1,167,184 Georgia 0 1,665,731 -1,665,731 Gulf of Mexico 195,241 0 195,241 Mississippi 3,690,612 0 3,690,612 Tennessee 536 573,157 -572,621 Total 3,886,389 3,406,072 480,317 Alaska Japan 0 15,271 -15,271 China 0 1,127 -1,127 Total 0 16,398 -16,398 Arizona California 122,198 940,673 -818,475 Mexico 3,061

202

Changes of Glaciers and Climate in Northwestern North America during the Late Twentieth Century  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About 75% of 46 glaciers measured using repeat airborne altimetry in Alaska and northwestern Canada have been losing mass at an increasing rate from the mid-1990s to the middle of the first decade of the twenty-first century, relative to an ...

Anthony Arendt; John Walsh; William Harrison

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Reexamination of the Aridity Conditions in Arid Northwestern China for the Last Decade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Water resources are an essential part of the ecosystem in the extremely arid northwestern part of China. Previous studies revealed a dry-to-wet climate change since the late 1980s in this region, which suggested a relief from the drought ...

Ke Wei; Lin Wang

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Electric Pulse Method for Compaction of the Mononitride Uranium ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Electric Pulse Method for Compaction of the Mononitride ... reactors and also the advantages of the electric pulse compaction method.

205

Compact Cross-Dipole Sonic (CXD) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2010 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Compact Cross-Dipole Sonic (CXD) Citation Weatherford. Compact Cross-Dipole...

206

NERSC and CRD Help Decipher Science from Compact Accelerator...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and CRD Help Decipher Science from Compact Accelerator Simulations NERSC and CRD Help Decipher Science from Compact Accelerator Simulations May 26, 2009 3D Particle Surfing :...

207

Simulation of Powder Compact Forging Process for Producing a ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Simulation of Powder Compact Forging Process for Producing a ... Powder compact forging is a recently developed manufacturing process to...

208

Compact Filter Design for Gas Treatment Centers - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An Innovative Compact Heat Exchanger Solution for Aluminium Off-Gas Cooling and Heat Recovery Autonomous Vehicle and Smelter Technologies Compact...

209

Compact Fluorescent Lamps : Technologies : From the Lab to the...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

process. (Left) Compact Fluorescent Lamp; (Right) Cover of the 'Lighting Retrofit Workbook' (Left) Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL) (Right) Retrofitting national parks...

210

Belle Fourche River Compact (South Dakota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Other Agencies You are here Home Savings Belle Fourche River Compact (South Dakota) Belle Fourche River Compact (South Dakota) Eligibility Agricultural...

211

Pharmaceutical tablet compaction : product and process design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores how tablet performance is affected by microstructure, and how microstructure can be controlled by selection of excipients and compaction parameters. A systematic strategy for formulation and process ...

Pore, Mridula

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Compact Spatial Differencing Techniques in Numerical Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accuracies of the usual centered differencing, compact differencing and finite element methods are compared linearly with a geostrophic adjustment problem and nonlinearly with a vorticity advection problem. The finite element method provides ...

Hai-Ru Chang; Hampton N. Shirer

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Steady state compact toroidal plasma production  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and method for maintaining steady state compact toroidal plasmas. A compact toroidal plasma is formed by a magnetized coaxial plasma gun and held in close proximity to the gun electrodes by applied magnetic fields or magnetic fields produced by image currents in conducting walls. Voltage supply means maintains a constant potential across the electrodes producing an increasing magnetic helicity which drives the plasma away from a minimum energy state. The plasma globally relaxes to a new minimum energy state, conserving helicity according to Taylor's relaxation hypothesis, and injecting net helicity into the core of the compact toroidal plasma. Controlling the voltage so as to inject net helicity at a predetermined rate based on dissipative processes maintains or increases the compact toroidal plasma in a time averaged steady state mode.

Turner, William C. (Livermore, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

A CMOS-compatible compact display  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Portable information devices demand displays with high resolution and high image quality that are increasingly compact and energy-efficient. Microdisplays consisting of a silicon CMOS backplane integrated with light ...

Chen, Andrew R. (Andrew Raymond)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Roller-Compacted Concrete for Dams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Placing mass concrete by the roller-compacted method improves the economics of hydroelectric dam construction. Many sites previously considered uneconomical for embankment or conventional concrete construction may now prove feasible.

1986-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

216

Compact reflective imaging spectrometer utilizing immersed gratings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact imaging spectrometer comprising an entrance slit for directing light, a first mirror that receives said light and reflects said light, an immersive diffraction grating that diffracts said light, a second mirror that focuses said light, and a detector array that receives said focused light. The compact imaging spectrometer can be utilized for remote sensing imaging spectrometers where size and weight are of primary importance.

Chrisp, Michael P. (Danville, CA)

2006-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

217

Reservoir compaction loads on casings and liners  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pressure drawdown due to production from a reservoir causes compaction of the reservoir formation which induces axial and radial loads on the wellbore. Reservoir compaction loads increase during the production life of a well, and are greater for deviated wells. Presented here are casing and liner loads at initial and final pressure drawdowns for a particular reservoir and at well deviation angles of 0 to 45 degrees.

Wooley, G.R.; Prachner, W.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Compact binary mergers: an astrophysical perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reviews the current understanding of double neutron star and neutron star black hole binaries. It addresses mainly (nuclear) astrophysics aspects of compact binary mergers and thus complements recent reviews that have emphasized the numerical relativity viewpoint. In particular, the paper discusses different channels to release neutron-rich matter into the host galaxy, connections between compact binary mergers and short Gamma-ray bursts and accompanying electromagnetic signals.

S. Rosswog

2010-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

219

Dynamic compaction of tungsten carbide powder.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The shock compaction behavior of a tungsten carbide powder was investigated using a new experimental design for gas-gun experiments. This design allows the Hugoniot properties to be measured with reasonably good accuracy despite the inherent difficulties involved with distended powders. The experiments also provide the first reshock state for the compacted powder. Experiments were conducted at impact velocities of 245, 500, and 711 m/s. A steady shock wave was observed for some of the sample thicknesses, but the remainder were attenuated due to release from the back of the impactor or the edge of the sample. The shock velocity for the powder was found to be quite low, and the propagating shock waves were seen to be very dispersive. The Hugoniot density for the 711 m/s experiment was close to ambient crystal density for tungsten carbide, indicating nearly complete compaction. When compared with quasi-static compaction results for the same material, the dynamic compaction data is seen to be significantly stiffer for the regime over which they overlap. Based on these initial results, recommendations are made for improving the experimental technique and for future work to improve our understanding of powder compaction.

Gluth, Jeffrey Weston; Hall, Clint Allen; Vogler, Tracy John; Grady, Dennis Edward

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Technology Selections for Cylindrical Compact Fabrication  

SciTech Connect

A variety of process approaches are available and have been used historically for manufacture of cylindrical fuel compacts. The jet milling, fluid bed overcoating, and hot press compacting approach being adopted in the U.S. AGR Fuel Development Program for scale-up of the compacting process involves significant paradigm shifts from historical approaches. New methods are being pursued because of distinct advantages in simplicity, yield, and elimination of process mixed waste. Recent advances in jet milling technology allow simplified dry matrix powder preparation. The matrix preparation method is well matched with patented fluid bed powder overcoating technology recently developed for the pharmaceutical industry and directly usable for high density fuel particle matrix overcoating. High density overcoating places fuel particles as close as possible to their final position in the compact and is matched with hot press compacting which fully fluidizes matrix resin to achieve die fill at low compacting pressures and without matrix end caps. Overall the revised methodology provides a simpler process that should provide very high yields, improve homogeneity, further reduce defect fractions, eliminate intermediate grading and QC steps, and allow further increases in fuel packing fractions.

Jeffrey A. Phillips

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Overview of the design, construction, and operation of interstate liquid petroleum pipelines.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. liquid petroleum pipeline industry is large, diverse, and vital to the nation's economy. Comprised of approximately 200,000 miles of pipe in all fifty states, liquid petroleum pipelines carried more than 40 million barrels per day, or 4 trillion barrel-miles, of crude oil and refined products during 2001. That represents about 17% of all freight transported in the United States, yet the cost of doing so amounted to only 2% of the nation's freight bill. Approximately 66% of domestic petroleum transport (by ton-mile) occurs by pipeline, with marine movements accounting for 28% and rail and truck transport making up the balance. In 2004, the movement of crude petroleum by domestic federally regulated pipelines amounted to 599.6 billion tonmiles, while that of petroleum products amounted to 315.9 billion ton-miles (AOPL 2006). As an illustration of the low cost of pipeline transportation, the cost to move a barrel of gasoline from Houston, Texas, to New York Harbor is only 3 cents per gallon, which is a small fraction of the cost of gasoline to consumers. Pipelines may be small or large, up to 48 inches in diameter. Nearly all of the mainline pipe is buried, but other pipeline components such as pump stations are above ground. Some lines are as short as a mile, while others may extend 1,000 miles or more. Some are very simple, connecting a single source to a single destination, while others are very complex, having many sources, destinations, and interconnections. Many pipelines cross one or more state boundaries (interstate), while some are located within a single state (intrastate), and still others operate on the Outer Continental Shelf and may or may not extend into one or more states. U.S. pipelines are located in coastal plains, deserts, Arctic tundra, mountains, and more than a mile beneath the water's surface of the Gulf of Mexico (Rabinow 2004; AOPL 2006). The network of crude oil pipelines in the United States is extensive. There are approximately 55,000 miles of crude oil trunk lines (usually 8 to 24 inches in diameter) in the United States that connect regional markets. The United States also has an estimated 30,000 to 40,000 miles of small gathering lines (usually 2 to 6 inches in diameter) located primarily in Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, and Wyoming, with small systems in a number of other oil producing states. These small lines gather the oil from many wells, both onshore and offshore, and connect to larger trunk lines measuring 8 to 24 inches in diameter. There are approximately 95,000 miles of refined products pipelines nationwide. Refined products pipelines are found in almost every state in the United States, with the exception of some New England states. These refined product pipelines vary in size from relatively small, 8- to 12-inch-diameter lines, to up to 42 inches in diameter. The overview of pipeline design, installation, and operation provided in the following sections is only a cursory treatment. Readers interested in more detailed discussions are invited to consult the myriad engineering publications available that provide such details. The two primary publications on which the following discussions are based are: Oil and Gas Pipeline Fundamentals (Kennedy 1993) and the Pipeline Rules of Thumb Handbook (McAllister 2002). Both are recommended references for additional reading for those requiring additional details. Websites maintained by various pipeline operators also can provide much useful information, as well as links to other sources of information. In particular, the website maintained by the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA) (http://www.eia.doe.gov) is recommended. An excellent bibliography on pipeline standards and practices, including special considerations for pipelines in Arctic climates, has been published jointly by librarians for the Alyeska Pipeline Service Company (operators of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System [TAPS]) and the Geophysical Institute/International Arctic Research Center, both located in Fairbanks (Barboza and Trebelhorn 2001)

Pharris, T. C.; Kolpa, R. L.

2008-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

222

Compact fission counter for DANCE  

SciTech Connect

The Detector for Advanced Neutron Capture Experiments (DANCE) consists of 160 BF{sub 2} crystals with equal solid-angle coverage. DANCE is a 4{pi} {gamma}-ray calorimeter and designed to study the neutron-capture reactions on small quantities of radioactive and rare stable nuclei. These reactions are important for the radiochemistry applications and modeling the element production in stars. The recognition of capture event is made by the summed {gamma}-ray energy which is equivalent of the reaction Q-value and unique for a given capture reaction. For a selective group of actinides, where the neutron-induced fission reaction competes favorably with the neutron capture reaction, additional signature is needed to distinguish between fission and capture {gamma} rays for the DANCE measurement. This can be accomplished by introducing a detector system to tag fission fragments and thus establish a unique signature for the fission event. Once this system is implemented, one has the opportunity to study not only the capture but also fission reactions. A parallel-plate avalanche counter (PPAC) has many advantages for the detection of heavy charged particles such as fission fragments. These include fast timing, resistance to radiation damage, and tolerance of high counting rate. A PPAC also can be tuned to be insensitive to {alpha} particles, which is important for experiments with {alpha}-emitting actinides. Therefore, a PPAC is an ideal detector for experiments requiring a fast and clean trigger for fission. A PPAC with an ingenious design was fabricated in 2006 by integrating amplifiers into the target assembly. However, this counter was proved to be unsuitable for this application because of issues related to the stability of amplifiers and the ability to separate fission fragments from {alpha}'s. Therefore, a new design is needed. A LLNL proposal to develop a new PPAC for DANCE was funded by NA22 in FY09. The design goal is to minimize the mass for the proposed counter and still be able to maintain a stable operation under extreme radioactivity and the ability to separate fission fragments from {alpha}'s. In the following sections, the description is given for the design and performance of this new compact PPAC, for studying the neutron-induced reactions on actinides using DANCE at LANL.

Wu, C Y; Chyzh, A; Kwan, E; Henderson, R; Gostic, J; Carter, D; Bredeweg, T; Couture, A; Jandel, M; Ullmann, J

2010-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

223

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

nongame-and-endangered-species-conservation-act-nebraska Rebate Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management (Multiple States) The Northwest Interstate...

224

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rebate Atlantic Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (South Carolina) The Atlantic (Northeast) Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste...

225

Quantifying Differences between 2-m Temperature Observations and Reanalysis Pressure-Level Temperatures in Northwestern North America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In northwestern North America, which is a large area with complex physiography, Climatic Research Unit (CRU) Time Series, version 2.1, (TS 2.1) gridded monthly mean 2-m temperatures are systematically lower than interpolated monthly averaged North ...

Christian Reuten; R. Dan Moore; Garry K. C. Clarke

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Analyzed Surface Meteorological Fields over the Northwestern Gulf of Mexico for 199294: Mean, Seasonal, and Monthly Patterns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary objective of this work is to formulate surface meteorological fields over the northwestern Gulf of Mexico for the period from April 1992 through November 1994 useful for the study of mesoscale processes and for model forcing of the ...

Wensu Wang; Worth D. Nowlin Jr.; Robert O. Reid

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Observations and Forecasts from the Landfall of Tropical Cyclones John, Lane, and Paul (2006) over Northwestern Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study focuses on track and intensity changes of three tropical cyclones that, during the season of 2006, developed in the eastern North Pacific basin and made landfall over northwestern Mexico. Observational datasets, including satellite and ...

Luis M. Farfn; Rosario Romero-Centeno; G. B. Raga

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Strategy Guideline: Compact Air Distribution Systems  

SciTech Connect

This Strategy Guideline discusses the benefits and challenges of using a compact air distribution system to handle the reduced loads and reduced air volume needed to condition the space within an energy efficient home. Traditional systems sized by 'rule of thumb' (i.e., 1 ton of cooling per 400 ft2 of floor space) that 'wash' the exterior walls with conditioned air from floor registers cannot provide appropriate air mixing and moisture removal in low-load homes. A compact air distribution system locates the HVAC equipment centrally with shorter ducts run to interior walls, and ceiling supply outlets throw the air toward the exterior walls along the ceiling plane; alternatively, high sidewall supply outlets throw the air toward the exterior walls. Potential drawbacks include resistance from installing contractors or code officials who are unfamiliar with compact air distribution systems, as well as a lack of availability of low-cost high sidewall or ceiling supply outlets to meet the low air volumes with good throw characteristics. The decision criteria for a compact air distribution system must be determined early in the whole-house design process, considering both supply and return air design. However, careful installation of a compact air distribution system can result in lower material costs from smaller equipment, shorter duct runs, and fewer outlets; increased installation efficiencies, including ease of fitting the system into conditioned space; lower loads on a better balanced HVAC system, and overall improved energy efficiency of the home.

Burdick, A.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Compaction and Sintering of Mo Powders  

SciTech Connect

To support the development of Mo-99 production by NorthStar Medical Technologies, LLC, Mo metal powders were evaluated for compaction and sintering characteristics as they relate to Mo-100 accelerator target disk fabrication. Powders having a natural isotope distribution and enriched Mo-100 powder were examined. Various powder characteristics are shown to have an effect on both the compaction and sintering behavior. Natural Mo powders could be cold pressed directly to >90% density. All of the powders, including the Mo-100 samples, could be sintered after cold pressing to >90% density. As an example, a compacted Mo-100 disk reached 89.7% density (9.52 g/cm3) after sintering at 1000 C for 1 hr. in flowing Ar/4%H2. Higher sintering temperatures were required for other powder samples. The relationships between processing conditions and the resulting densities of consolidated Mo disks will be presented.

Nunn, Stephen D [ORNL; Kiggans, Jim [ORNL; Bryan, Chris [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Compact Power Inc CPI | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Compact Power Inc CPI Compact Power Inc CPI Jump to: navigation, search Name Compact Power Inc (CPI) Place Troy, Michigan Zip 48083 Sector Vehicles Product Producer of lithium-ion batteries for Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV) and non-automotive (commercial and military) markets. Coordinates 39.066587°, -80.768578° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.066587,"lon":-80.768578,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

231

Remote vacuum compaction of compressible hazardous waste  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system is described for remote vacuum compaction and containment of low-level radioactive or hazardous waste comprising a vacuum source, a sealable first flexible container, and a sealable outer flexible container for receiving one or more first flexible containers. A method for compacting low level radioactive or hazardous waste materials at the point of generation comprising the steps of sealing the waste in a first flexible container, sealing one or more first containers within an outer flexible container, breaching the integrity of the first containers, evacuating the air from the inner and outer containers, and sealing the outer container shut.

Coyne, M.J.; Fiscus, G.M.; Sammel, A.G.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

232

Remote vacuum compaction of compressible hazardous waste  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for remote vacuum compaction and containment of low-level radioactive or hazardous waste comprising a vacuum source, a sealable first flexible container, and a sealable outer flexible container for receiving one or more first flexible containers. A method for compacting low level radioactive or hazardous waste materials at the point of generation comprising the steps of sealing the waste in a first flexible container, sealing one or more first containers within an outer flexible container, breaching the integrity of the first containers, evacuating the air from the inner and outer containers, and sealing the outer container shut.

Coyne, Martin J. (Pittsburgh, PA); Fiscus, Gregory M. (McMurray, PA); Sammel, Alfred G. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Remote vacuum compaction of compressible hazardous waste  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system is described for remote vacuum compaction and containment of low-level radioactive or hazardous waste comprising a vacuum source, a sealable first flexible container, and a sealable outer flexible container for receiving one or more first flexible containers. A method for compacting low level radioactive or hazardous waste materials at the point of generation comprising the steps of sealing the waste in a first flexible container, sealing one or more first containers within an outer flexible container, breaching the integrity of the first containers, evacuating the air from the inner and outer containers, and sealing the outer container shut. 8 figs.

Coyne, M.J.; Fiscus, G.M.; Sammel, A.G.

1998-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

234

Momentum compaction and phase slip factor  

SciTech Connect

Section 2.3.11 of the Handbook of Accelerator Physics and Engineering on Landau damping is updated. The slip factor and its higher orders are given in terms of the various orders of the momentum compaction. With the aid of a simplified FODO lattice, formulas are given for the alteration of the lower orders of the momentum compaction by various higher multipole magnets. The transition to isochronicity is next demonstrated. Formulas are given for the extraction of the first three orders of the slip factor from the measurement of the synchrotron tune while changing the rf frequency. Finally bunch-length compression experiments in semi-isochronous rings are reported.

Ng, K.Y.; /Fermilab

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Compaction Scale Up and Optimization of Cylindrical Fuel Compacts for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multiple process approaches have been used historically to manufacture cylindrical nuclear fuel compacts. Scale-up of fuel compacting was required for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) project to achieve an economically viable automated production process capable of providing a minimum of 10 compacts/minute with high production yields. In addition, the scale-up effort was required to achieve matrix density equivalent to baseline historical production processes, and allow compacting at fuel packing fractions up to 46% by volume. The scale-up approach of jet milling, fluid-bed overcoating, and hot-press compacting adopted in the U.S. Advanced Gas Reactor (AGR) Fuel Development Program involves significant paradigm shifts to capitalize on distinct advantages in simplicity, yield, and elimination of mixed waste. A series of designed experiments have been completed to optimize compaction conditions of time, temperature, and forming pressure using natural uranium oxycarbide (NUCO) fuel. Results from these experiments are included. The scale-up effort is nearing completion with the process installed and operational using nuclear fuel materials. The process is being certified for manufacture of qualification test fuel compacts for the AGR-5/6/7 experiment at the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL).

Jeffrey J. Einerson; Jeffrey A. Phillips; Eric L. Shaber; Scott E. Niedzialek; W. Clay Richardson; Scott G. Nagley

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

FODO-Supercell Based Compact Ring Design with Tunable Momentum Compaction and Optimized Dynamic Aperture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A storage ring with tunable momentum compaction has the advantage in achieving different RMS bunch length with similar RF capacity, which is potentially useful for many applications, such as linear collider damping ring and predamping ring where injected beam has a large energy spread and a large transverse emittance. A tunable bunch length also makes the commissioning and fine tuning easier in manipulating the single bunch instabilities. In this paper, a compact ring design based on a supercell is presented, which achieves a tunable momentum compaction while maintaining a large dynamic aperture.

Sun, Yipeng; /SLAC

2012-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

237

FODO-Supercell Based Compact Ring Design with Tunable Momentum Compaction and Optimized Dynamic Aperture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A storage ring with tunable momentum compaction has the advantage in achieving different RMS bunch length with similar RF capacity, which is potentially useful for many applications, such as linear collider damping ring and pre-damping ring where injected beam has a large energy spread and a large transverse emittance. A tunable bunch length also makes the commissioning and fine tuning easier in manipulating the single bunch instabilities. In this paper, a compact ring design based on a supercell is presented, which achieves a tunable momentum compaction while maintaining a large dynamic aperture.

Sun, Yipeng; /SLAC

2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

238

Compact Ultradense Objects in the Solar System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe properties and gravitational interactions of meteor-mass and greater compact ultra dense objects with nuclear density or greater (CUDO s). We discuss possible enclosure of CUDO s in comets, stability of these objects on impact with the Earth and Sun and show that the hypothesis of a CUDO core helps resolve issues challenging the understanding of a few selected cometary impacts.

J. Rafelski; Ch. Dietl; L. Labun

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

239

Energy Performance of Compact Fluorescent Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents the results of tests performed at the Worcester Polytechnic Institute, in contract with the EPRI Power Electronics Applications Center (PEAC), to determine the light output, power consumption, efficiency, and power factor of off-the-shelf electronic and magnetic compact fluorescent lamps.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

240

Duke Power Compact PHOCUS Boresonic System Evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reliable and repeatable boresonic inspection of turbine rotors and generators is critical for accurately predicting remaining life. EPRI's boresonic system evaluation program provides utilities with insight into commercial boresonic system performance capabilities. This report, one in a series of boresonic system evaluations, features an assessment of Duke Power Company's compact PHOCUS boresonic inspection system.

1994-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Compact upwind schemes on adaptive octrees  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Compact high-order upwind schemes using reconstruction from cell-averages are derived for application with the compressible three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations. An adaptive-octree mesh, combined with the Adams-Bashforth-Moulton family of predictor-corrector ... Keywords: Finite-volume, High-order, Navier-Stokes, Predictor-corrector

Scott M. Murman

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Compact range for variable-zone measurements  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact range for testing antennas or radar targets includes a source for directing energy along a feedline toward a parabolic reflector. The reflected wave is a spherical wave with a radius dependent on the distance of the source from the focal point of the reflector. 2 figs.

Burnside, W.D.; Rudduck, R.C.; Yu, J.S.

1987-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

243

Compact range for variable-zone measurements  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact range for testing antennas or radar targets includes a source for directing energy along a feedline toward a parabolic reflector. The reflected wave is a spherical wave with a radius dependent on the distance of the source from the focal point of the reflector.

Burnside, Walter D. (Columbus, OH); Rudduck, Roger C. (Columbus, OH); Yu, Jiunn S. (Albuquerque, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

A Compact Lightweight Aerosol Spectrometer Probe (CLASP)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Compact Lightweight Aerosol Spectrometer Probe (CLASP) is an optical particle spectrometer capable of measuring size-resolved particle concentrations in 16 user-defined size bins spanning diameters in the range 0.24 < D < 18.5 ?m at a rate of ...

Martin K. Hill; Barbara J. Brooks; Sarah J. Norris; Michael H. Smith; Ian M. Brooks; Gerrit de Leeuw

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Compact  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compact Fluorescent Lamps to someone by E-mail Compact Fluorescent Lamps to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Compact Fluorescent Lamps on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Compact Fluorescent Lamps on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Compact Fluorescent Lamps on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Compact Fluorescent Lamps on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Compact Fluorescent Lamps on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Energy Cost Calculator for Compact Fluorescent Lamps on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Federal Requirements Covered Product Categories

246

Classification of linearly compact simple Jordan and generalized Poisson superalgebras  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We classify all linearly compact simple Jordan superalgebras over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. As a corollary, we deduce the classification of all linearly compact unital simple generalized Poisson superalgebras.

Nicoletta Cantarini; Victor G. Kac; To Ernest; Borisovich Vinberg

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Cape Light Compact - Commercial, Industrial and Municipal Buildings...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Industrial and Municipal Buildings Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Cape Light Compact - Commercial, Industrial and Municipal Buildings Energy Efficiency Rebate Program...

248

Preliminary Investigation into the Effect of Green Compact ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 1, 2007 ... Preliminary Investigation into the Effect of Green Compact Microstructural Design on the Density of Combustion Synthesized Aluminide...

249

Review: Sensor systems for measuring soil compaction: Review and analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spatially variable soil compaction often causes inconsistent growing conditions in many fields. Various soil compaction sensor systems have been deployed to obtain georeferenced maps of certain state and behavioral properties (e.g., soil strength, water ... Keywords: Air permeability, Penetrometer, Sensor fusion, Soil compaction, Soil mechanical resistance, Soil mechanics, Water content

A. Hemmat; V. I. Adamchuk

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Compact fast analyzer of rotary cuvette type  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact fast analyzer of the rotary cuvette type is provided for simultaneously determining concentrations in a multiplicity of discrete samples using either absorbance or fluorescence measurement techniques. A rigid, generally rectangular frame defines optical passageways for the absorbance and fluorescence measurement systems. The frame also serves as a mounting structure for various optical components as well as for the cuvette rotor mount and drive system. A single light source and photodetector are used in making both absorbance and fluorescence measurements. Rotor removal and insertion are facilitated by a swing-out drive motor and rotor mount. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The invention relates generally to concentration measuring instruments and more specifically to a compact fast analyzer of the rotary cuvette type which is suitable for making either absorbance or fluorescence measurements. It was made in the course of, or under, a contract with the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.

Thacker, Louis H. (Knoxville, TN)

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

A compact high voltage pulse generator  

SciTech Connect

A compact, easily transportable, pulse generator has been developed for a variety of applications that require a pulse duration in the range of 1 {mu} sec., voltages from 150 to 300 KV and current levels from 2,000 to 3,000 amps. The generator has a simple cylindrical configuration and modular construction to facilitate assembly and service. The generator may be operated single-pulse or repetitively at pulse repetition rates to 50 Hz in a burst mode.

Rohwein, G.J.; Babcock, S.R.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Compact x-ray source and panel  

SciTech Connect

A compact, self-contained x-ray source, and a compact x-ray source panel having a plurality of such x-ray sources arranged in a preferably broad-area pixelized array. Each x-ray source includes an electron source for producing an electron beam, an x-ray conversion target, and a multilayer insulator separating the electron source and the x-ray conversion target from each other. The multi-layer insulator preferably has a cylindrical configuration with a plurality of alternating insulator and conductor layers surrounding an acceleration channel leading from the electron source to the x-ray conversion target. A power source is connected to each x-ray source of the array to produce an accelerating gradient between the electron source and x-ray conversion target in any one or more of the x-ray sources independent of other x-ray sources in the array, so as to accelerate an electron beam towards the x-ray conversion target. The multilayer insulator enables relatively short separation distances between the electron source and the x-ray conversion target so that a thin panel is possible for compactness. This is due to the ability of the plurality of alternating insulator and conductor layers of the multilayer insulators to resist surface flashover when sufficiently high acceleration energies necessary for x-ray generation are supplied by the power source to the x-ray sources.

Sampayon, Stephen E. (Manteca, CA)

2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

253

The Size of Compact Extra Dimensions from Blackbody Radiation Laws  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we generalize the Stefan-Boltzmann and Wien's displacement laws for a D-dimensional spacetime composed by 4 non-compact dimensions and D-4 compact dimensions. The electromagnetic field is assumed to pervade all compact and non-compact dimensions. In particular, the total radiated power becomes R(T) = \\sigma_B T^4 + \\sigma_D (a) T^D, where a is the size of compact extra dimensions. For D=10, predicted from String Theory, and D=11, from M-Theory, the outcomes agree with available experimental data for a as high as 2 x 10^{-7} m.

Ramaton Ramos; Henrique Boschi-Filho

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

254

The Size of Compact Extra Dimensions from Blackbody Radiation Laws  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we generalize the Stefan-Boltzmann and Wien's displacement laws for a D-dimensional spacetime composed by 4 non-compact dimensions and D-4 compact dimensions. The electromagnetic field is assumed to pervade all compact and non-compact dimensions. In particular, the total radiated power becomes R(T) = \\sigma_B T^4 + \\sigma_D (a) T^D, where a is the size of compact extra dimensions. For D=10, predicted from String Theory, and D=11, from M-Theory, the outcomes agree with available experimental data for a as high as 2 x 10^{-7} m.

Ramos, Ramaton

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Middle and upper Cambrian platform evolution and paleogeography, northwestern Montana, northern Idaho, and northeastern Washington  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In western Montana, three Middle and Late Cambrian correlative Grand Cycles commence with inner detrital basal half cycles overlain by middle carbonate half cycles. Each half cycle represents up to one formation with the Park to Pilgrim, shale to carbonate transition, an example of one complete cycle. As with other regions of the Cambrian Cordilleran shelf, cycle components are closely related to paleogeographic position, producing differences that make correlation across depositional belts difficult. However, combined lithologic paleontologic, and cyclic correlations from southwestern Montana to isolated outcrops in northwestern Montana, northern Idaho, and northeastern Washington outline platform evolution and paleogeography. Early Middle Cambrian ramp deposition occurred with non-tectonic highs (Montania) in northwestern Montana and possible distally steepened ramps in northern Idaho. After eastward transgression, upward-shallowing Middle Cambrian carbonates formed algal-peritidal complexes that extended from central Montana to northeastern Washington. These complexes were influenced by clastic influx from central Idaho (Lemhi arch .), but they completely covered Montania and separated an eastern intrashale basin from the outer ramp. During the Late Cambrian, below wave base distal ramp carbonate deposition returned to northern Idaho and northeastern Washington. However, the distal ramp was separated from the intrashelf basin until Early Ordovician by the still existent but less extensive peritidal complexes. The ramp that developed over portions of the three states differed considerably from the cratonic margin in southern British Columbia, described by Aitken in 1966 and 1978, as a stationary accretionary rim on its seaward side persisting from Middle Cambrian to Middle Ordovician time.

Bush, J.H.; Hayden, L.L.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Heat capacity and compactness of denatured proteins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the striking results of protein thermodynamics is that the heat capacity change upon denaturation is large and positive. This change is generally ascribed to the exposure of non-polar groups to water on denaturation, in analogy to the large heat capacity change for the transfer of small non-polar molecules from hydrocarbons to water. Calculations of the heat capacity based on the exposed surface area of the completely unfolded denatured state give good agreement with experimental data. This result is difficult to reconcile with evidence that the heat denatured state in the absence of denaturants is reasonably compact. In this work, sample conformations for the denatured state of truncated CI2 are obtained by use of an effective energy function for proteins in solution. The energy function gives denatured conformations that are compact with radii of gyration that are slightly larger than that of the native state. The model is used to estimate the heat capacity, as well as that of the native state, at 300 and 350 K via finite enthalpy differences. The calculations show that the heat capacity of denaturation can have large positive contributions from non-covalent intraprotein interactions because these interactions change more with temperature in non-native conformations than in the native state. Including this contribution, which has been neglected in empirical surface area models, leads to heat capacities of unfolding for compact denatured states that are consistent with the experimental heat capacity data. Estimates of the stability curve of CI2 made with the effective energy function support the present model. # 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Themis Lazaridis; Martin Karplus

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

CYANATE ION IN COMPACT AMORPHOUS WATER ICE  

SciTech Connect

The 4.62 {mu}m infrared (2164.5 cm{sup -1}) absorption band, observed in ice mantels toward many young stellar objects, has been mostly attributed to the {nu}{sub 3} (CN stretch) band of OCN{sup -} ions. We present in this work a spectroscopic study of OCN{sup -} ions embedded in compact amorphous ice in a range of concentrations and temperatures relevant to astronomical observations together with quantum mechanical calculations of the {nu}{sub 3} band of OCN{sup -} in various H{sub 2}O environments. The ice samples containing the ions are prepared through hyperquenching of liquid droplets of K{sup +}OCN{sup -} solutions on a substrate at 14 K. The {nu}{sub 3} OCN{sup -} band appears as a broad feature peaking at 4.64 {mu}m with a secondary maximum at 4.54 {mu}m and is much weaker than the corresponding peak in the liquid solution or in the solid salt. A similar weakening is observed for other OCN{sup -} absorption peaks at 7.66 {mu}m (2{nu}{sub 2}) and 8.20 {mu}m ({nu}{sub 1}). The theoretical calculations for the {nu}{sub 3} vibration lead to a range of frequencies spanning the experimentally observed width. This frequency spread could help explain the pronounced drop in the band intensity in the ice. The OCN{sup -} {nu}{sub 3} band in the present compact ices is also broader and much weaker than that reported in the literature for OCN{sup -} ions obtained by variously processing porous ice samples containing suitable neutral precursors. The results of this study indicate that the astronomical detection of OCN{sup -} in ice mantels could be significantly impaired if the ion is embedded in a compact water network.

Mate, Belen; Herrero, Victor J.; Rodriguez-Lazcano, Yamilet; Moreno, Miguel A.; Escribano, Rafael [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, IEM-CSIC, Serrano 121, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Fernandez-Torre, Delia [Departamento de Fisica Teorica de la Materia Condensada, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, E-28050 Madrid (Spain); Gomez, Pedro C. [Departamento de Quimica Fisica I, Universidad Complutense, Unidad Asociada UCM-CSIC, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

258

Survivability of Electronic Compact Fluorescent Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI Technical Report addresses the fastest growing energy efficient light source8212the electronic compact fluorescent lamp (CFL). Because some of the failure modes for screw-in CFLs are different than those for plug-in CFLs, a cursory review of the difference between the two types of CFLs is provided in the first part of Chapter 2. A broad definition of shortened-life CFLs is also provided in Chapter 2 with an emphasis on revisiting mortality curves, the 10-minute lamp start, other relevant defini...

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

259

Proposal to produce large compact toroids  

SciTech Connect

Relatively large, hot compact toroids might be produced in the annular space between two concentric one-turn coils. With currents in the two coils flowing in the same direction, the magnetic fields on each side of the plasma are in opposite directions. As the fields are raised, the plasma ring is heated and compressed radially towards the center of the annular space. By the addition of two sets of auxiliary coils, the plasma ring can be ejected out one end of the two-coil system into a long axial magnetic field.

Phillips, J.A.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Compact proton spectrometers for measurements of shock  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The compact Wedge Range Filter (WRF) proton spectrometer was developed for OMEGA and transferred to the National Ignition Facility (NIF) as a National Ignition Campaign (NIC) diagnostic. The WRF measures the spectrum of protons from D-{sup 3}He reactions in tuning-campaign implosions containing D and {sup 3}He gas; in this work we report on the first proton spectroscopy measurement on the NIF using WRFs. The energy downshift of the 14.7-MeV proton is directly related to the total {rho}R through the plasma stopping power. Additionally, the shock proton yield is measured, which is a metric of the final merged shock strength.

Mackinnon, A; Zylstra, A; Frenje, J A; Seguin, F H; Rosenberg, M J; Rinderknecht, H G; Johnson, M G; Casey, D T; Sinenian, N; Manuel, M; Waugh, C J; Sio, H W; Li, C K; Petrasso, R D; Friedrich, S; Knittel, K; Bionta, R; McKernan, M; Callahan, D; Collins, G; Dewald, E; Doeppner, T; Edwards, M J; Glenzer, S H; Hicks, D; Landen, O L; London, R; Meezan, N B

2012-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

DISTRIBUTION OF TUNA LARVAE (PISCES, SCOMBRIDAE) IN THE NORTHWESTERN GULF OF GUINEA AND OFF SIERRA LEONE 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DISTRIBUTION OF TUNA LARVAE (PISCES, SCOMBRIDAE) IN THE NORTHWESTERN GULF OF GUINEA AND OFF SIERRA LEONE 1 WILLIAM J. RICHARDS AND DAVID C. SIMMONS' ABSTRACT Investigations of tuna larvae distributions, and February-April 1965. Larvae of the yellowfin tuna, bigeye tuna, skipjack tuna, little tunny, and frigate

262

A chronostratigraphic framework for the northwestern slope of the gulf of mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sediments from two cores, JPC31 and JPC46, were analyzed to better understand the relationship between climate and sediment deposition on the continental slope of the northwestern Gulf of Mexico. These two cores were selected from a suite of cores collected from the slope of the Gulf of Mexico after examining how bulk density varied with depth in the cores. The presence/absence of Globoratalia menardii, down-core variations of the 18O of Globigerinoides ruber, tephrochronology, and radiocarbon dating of G. ruber were used to determine the chronologies of the sediments in the cores. Globorotalia menardii were present until a depth of 100 cm in JPC31. The entrance of G. menardii in the Gulf of Mexico was dated at 8 kyr. Analysis of an ash layer found in both JPC31 and 46 yielded a date of 84 kyr, at depths of 700 cm and 1440 cm, respectively. Radiocarbon dating yielded four ages in JPC31. In sediment core JPC31, Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 1-5 were recorded. In sediment core JPC46, MIS 2-4 and a portion of MIS 5 were recorded. These results provide a framework for determining general sedimentation rates from the northwestern slope of the Gulf of Mexico. Events in the density profiles in JPC31 and JPC46 were correlated to corresponding events in the rest of the slope cores, allowing the chronologies of JPC31 and JPC46 to be transferred to the suite of the slope cores. Sedimentation rates along different portions of the slope were then calculated, and variations in these sedimentation rates were used to better understand slope sedimentary processes. Sedimentation rates on the northwestern slope of the Gulf of Mexico were calculated for the most recent 120,000 years and compared with climate to deduce trends. Sedimentation rates for MIS 1-5 ranged from 7 cm/kyr to 28 cm/kyr. The sedimentation rate for the last glaciation (MIS 2, 3, and 4) were the highest for the time interval studied. The lowered sea level during glacial advances brings sediments farther out onto the slope; therefore, a higher sedimentation rate is expected during this time. These rates varied from 22 cm/kyr near the coast to 7 cm/kyr toward the abyssal plains. Of the 12 cores analyzed along the slope, JPC23 and JPC24 had the lowest sedimentation rates. This is likely due to high density bottom currents and turbidity currents which carry sediments farther out on the slope. Therefore, the lowest sedimentation rates would be expected a great distance from the land mass and some distance from the abyssal plains.

Elston, Kristen Eileen

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Results of Compact Stellarator Engineering Trade Studies  

SciTech Connect

number of technical requirements and performance criteria can drive stellarator costs, e.g., tight tolerances, accurate coil positioning, low aspect ratio (compactness), choice of assembly strategy, metrology, and complexity of the stellarator coil geometry. With the completion of a seven-year design and construction effort of the National Compact Stellarator Experiment (NCSX) it is useful to interject the NCSX experience along with the collective experiences of the NCSX stellarator community to improving the stellarator configuration. Can improvements in maintenance be achieved by altering the stellarator magnet configuration with changes in the coil shape or with the combination of trim coils? Can a mechanical configuration be identified that incorporates a partial set of shaped fixed stellarator coils along with some removable coil set to enhance the overall machine maintenance? Are there other approaches that will simplify the concepts, improve access for maintenance, reduce overall cost and improve the reliability of a stellarator based power plant? Using ARIES-CS and NCSX as reference cases, alternative approaches have been studied and developed to show how these modifications would favorably impact the stellarator power plant and experimental projects. The current status of the alternate stellarator configurations being developed will be described and a comparison made to the recently designed and partially built NCSX device and the ARIES-CS reactor design study.

Tom Brown, L. Bromberg, M. Cole

2009-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

264

Thermodynamics of magnetized binary compact objects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Binary systems of compact objects with electromagnetic field are modeled by helically symmetric Einstein-Maxwell spacetimes with charged and magnetized perfect fluids. Previously derived thermodynamic laws for helically symmetric perfect-fluid spacetimes are extended to include the electromagnetic fields, and electric currents and charges; the first law is written as a relation between the change in the asymptotic Noether charge {delta}Q and the changes in the area and electric charge of black holes, and in the vorticity, baryon rest mass, entropy, charge and magnetic flux of the magnetized fluid. Using the conservation laws of the circulation of magnetized flow found by Bekenstein and Oron for the ideal magnetohydrodynamic fluid, and also for the flow with zero conducting current, we show that, for nearby equilibria that conserve the quantities mentioned above, the relation {delta}Q=0 is satisfied. We also discuss a formulation for computing numerical solutions of magnetized binary compact objects in equilibrium with emphasis on a first integral of the ideal magnetohydrodynamic-Euler equation.

Uryu, Koji [Department of Physics, University of the Ryukyus, Senbaru, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0213 (Japan); Gourgoulhon, Eric [Laboratoire Univers et Theories, UMR 8102 du CNRS, Observatoire de Paris, Universite Paris Diderot, F-92190 Meudon (France); Markakis, Charalampos [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Post Office Box 413, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201 (United States)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

265

The Evolution of Galaxies in Compact Groups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the analysis of the spectra of 62 galaxies in 15 compact groups. The galaxies were classified in four activity classes: galaxies without emission, starburst nucleus galaxies (SBNGs), luminous AGNs and low-luminosity AGNs (LLAGNs). The star formation in the HCG starbursts is more intense than in normal spirals, but comparable to those in the field SBNGs. Their mean gas metallicity is solar and they do not follow the metallicity-luminosity relation traced by the early-type SBNGs in the field, suggesting that most of them are late-type SBNGs. This morphology preference coupled to the observation that the HCG starbursts are predominantly in the halo of the groups is consistent with the idea that compact groups are embedded in sparser structures. The stellar metallicities of the non starburst galaxies are relatively high for their luminosities. In these galaxies the equivalent widths of the metal absorption lines are slightly narrower than normal while the Balmer absorption lines are relatively strong. All these galaxies could be ``post-starburst'' at an advanced stage of evolution. Our observations are supporting a scenario where the core of the groups are slowly collapsing evolved systems embedded in more extended structures (Ribeiro et al. 1998). In the core of the groups, the interactions were more frequent and the galaxies evolved at a more rapid rate than in their halos.

Roger Coziol; Reinaldo R. de Carvalho; Hugo V. Capelato; Andre L. B. Ribeiro

1998-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

266

Sabine River Compact (Multiple States) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sabine River Compact (Multiple States) Sabine River Compact (Multiple States) Sabine River Compact (Multiple States) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Program Info State Texas Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Sabine River Compact Commission The Sabine River Compact Commission administers the Sabine River Compact to ensure that Texas receives its equitable share of quality water from the

267

Sequence stratigraphy of the late Pleistocene - Holocene deposits on the northwestern margin of the South Caspian Basin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interpretation of 900 km of a closely spaced grid of high-resolution seismic profiles over the northwestern margin of South Caspian Basin (SCB) allows recognition and study of six late Pleistocene - Holocene depositional sequences. Sequence stratigraphy analysis of sedimentary strata from 117,000 years B.P. to present led to the identification of a highstand systems tract, two transgressive systems tracts and six lowstand systems tracts. Each systems tract is characterized by specific seismic facies. Diverse depositional processes on the northwestern margin of the SCB are suggested by the thirteen seismic facies patterns recognized in the study area. Two distinct progradational complexes were interpreted within Sequence III and Sequences IV and V in the northeastern and northwestern parts of the study area, respectively. Stratigraphic interpretation of the sequences provided important information on parameters that control depositional architectures, such as lake level fluctuations, tectonic dynamics, and sediment supply. High sedimentation rates combined with a series of high-frequency and high-amplitude lake-level fluctuations, abrupt changes at the shelf edge, abnormally high formation pressure, and high tectonic activity during Quaternary time resulted in the development of a variety of complex geologic drilling hazards. I distinguished three types of hazards as a result of this study: mud volcanoes, sediment instability, and shallow gas. The 2D high-resolution seismic dataset from the northwestern margin of the SCB allowed more detailed seismic sequence stratigraphic analysis in the study area than has previously been attempted. In particular, it has a clear application in deciphering sediment supply and relative lake level changes as well as tectonic relationship of the northwestern shelf margin of the SCB. Results of this work led us towards better understanding of recent depositional history, improved our knowledge of the nature of the basin tectonics, climate history and styles of and controls on sedimentation processes within a sequence stratigraphic framework during the late Pleistocene-Holocene time.

Rahmanov, Ogtay Rasim

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Modeling Metal Powder Compaction Using Combined Finite and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Modeling Metal Powder Compaction Using Combined Finite ... Optimization of Thermal Cycle for Rails with Respect to the Wear Resistance.

269

PF Coil System Comparisons for a Compact Ignition Device  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Compact Ignition Tokamak Program / Proceedings of the Seveth Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion Energy (Reno, Nevada, June 1519, 1986)

R.D. Pillsbury; Jr.; J.H. Schultz; R.J. Thome

270

Nanograting-based compact vacuum ultraviolet spectrometer and ...  

Nanograting-based compact vacuum ultraviolet spectrometer and beam pro?ler for in situ characterization of high-order harmonic generation light sources

271

NIST Shows How to Make a Compact Frequency Comb in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Shows How to Make a Compact Frequency Comb in Minutes Video Transcript. ... These resonators actually have a pretty wide range of uses. ...

2013-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

272

The ALCAN Compact Degasser: A through-Based Aluminum ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 1, 1996 ... The ALCAN Compact Degasser: A through-Based Aluminum Treatment Process. Part I: Metallurgical Principles and Performance by P. Waite...

273

Effect of Powder Compact Holding Time on the Microstructure and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The microstructure and mechanical properties of Ti-6Al-4V alloy and the effects of powder compact holding time on them were investigated. The results showed...

274

Dense Deposition of Nanocomposites by a Compact YAG Laser  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 1, 2002 ... Dense Deposition of Nanocomposites by a Compact YAG Laser by M. Senna and K. Hamada. Publisher: TMS. Product Format: PDF. Pages...

275

An Innovative Compact Heat Exchanger Solution for Aluminium Off ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, An Innovative Compact Heat Exchanger Solution for Aluminium Off-Gas Cooling and Heat Recovery. Author(s), El Hani Bouhabila, Erling...

276

SALINITY AND SODICITY INTERACTIONS OF WEATHERED MINESOILS IN NORTHWESTERN NEW MEXICO AND NORTH EASTERN ARIZONA  

SciTech Connect

Weathering characteristics of minesoils and rooting patterns of key shrub and grass species were evaluated at sites reclaimed for 6 to 14 years from three surface coal mine operations in northwestern New Mexico and northeastern Arizona. Non-weathered minesoils were grouped into 11 classifications based on electrical conductivity (EC) and sodium adsorption ratio (SAR). Comparisons of saturated paste extracts, from non-weathered and weathered minesoils show significant (p < 0.05) reductions in SAR levels and increased EC. Weathering increased the apparent stability of saline and sodic minesoils thereby reducing concerns of aggregate slaking and clay particle dispersion. Root density of four-wing saltbush (Atriplex canascens), alkali sacaton (Sporobolus airoides), and Russian wildrye (Psathyrostachys junceus) were nominally affected by increasing EC and SAR levels in minesoil. Results suggest that saline and sodic minesoils can be successfully reclaimed when covered with topsoil and seeded with salt tolerant plant species.

Brent Musslewhite; Song Jin

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Outbreak of Minamata Disease (methyl mercury poisoning) in cats on northwestern Ontario Reserves  

SciTech Connect

Pathological, histochemical, and analytical studies have confirmed the presence of Minamata Disease in at least one of two cats that lived on or near Indian Reserves in Northwestern Ontario, Canada. These symptoms parallel the Japanese experience in the 1950s and raise ominous health considerations for the Indians who share their diet of fish. After being fed a diet that primarily consisted of fish from the English River, one cat developed such acute neurological symptoms as an ataxic gait, other abnormal movements, uncontrolled howling, and seizures. The total mercury analyses showed high levels in all tissues with 16.4 mg/kg in the brain comparable with symptomatic cats in Japan. A second cat that appeared normal had 6.9 mg/kg in its brain tissues, and pathological studies confirmed the presence of latent Minamata Disease.

Takeuchi, T. (Kumamoto Univ., Japan); D' Itri, F.M.; Fischer, P.V.; Annett, C.S.; Okabe, M.

1977-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Outbreak of minamata disease (methyl mercury poisoning) in cats on Northwestern Ontario reserves  

SciTech Connect

Pathological, histochemical, and analytical studies have confirmed the presence of Minamata Disease in at least one of two cats that lived on or near Indian Reserves in Northwestern Ontario, Canada. These symptoms parallel the Japanese experience in the 1950s and raise ominous health considerations for the Indians who share their diet of fish. After being fed a diet that primarily consisted of fish from the English River, one cat developed such acute neurological symptoms as an ataxic gait, other abnormal movements, uncontrolled howling, and seizures. The total mercury analyses showed high levels in all tissues with 16.4 mg/kg in the brain comparable with symptomatic cats in Japan. A second cat that appeared normal had 6.9 mg/kg in its brain tissues, and pathological studies confirmed the presence of latent Minamata Disease.

Takeuchi, T. (Kumamoto Univ., Japan); D' Itri, F.M.; Fischer, P.V.; Annett, C.S.; Okabe, M.

1977-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Performance Analysis of the SensorNet's Southeastern Transportation Corridor Pilot Viewer at the Dorchester West Bound Interstate Weigh Station  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since the 9-11 attacks, the United States has increased its focus on developing technologies designed to warn us in the event of another attack and to prevent these attacks from happening in the first place. The SensorNet research group at Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL) Computer Science and Engineering Division is participating in this effort by developing systems to give critical real-time information to federal, state, and local emergency response decision makers. SensorNet has approached this goal by putting together a system with several sensors and programs called the Southeastern Transportation Corridor Pilot project (SETCP). The SETCP utilizes interstate weigh stations not only to weigh the passing trucks but also to check for gamma and neutron radiation inside the truck without the aid of a human in close proximity. The system also collects additional data that help identify the truck (the truck's length, weight, license plate number, and photographs of the truck). The objective of this research work was to characterize and analyze the data collected from the South Carolina weigh station on I-26W and compare it with previous data analysis on the performance of the Tennessee weigh station on I-40E. The purpose was to find patterns in the trucks with radioactive alarms and, regional truck traffic, as well as to find patterns of inconsistency in the system (illogical length measurements of the truck, inaccurate readings and character recognition of the license plate). During a three-month period, radioactive alarms and traffic patterns were identified and characterized by grouping all of the data and making graphs and charts in Microsoft Excel to show the flow of traffic, the type of truck traffic, the number of alarms and other information. Inconsistence patterns were found by analyzing the data, looking for missing or illogical information, and determining how often it happens. The improvements of these inconsistencies were also analyzed after repairs were made to the system. Given the small number of radiation alarms detected, there were no clear patterns found. Further research has to be done in this area; also, the analysis period needs to be extended from three months to a year. For traffic flow patterns, it was found that the truck traffic was heaviest on Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday. The inconsistencies found and fixed in the system were the illogical length measurements and the inaccurate reading and character recognition of the license plate. During the summer of 2007, a Florida International University (FIU) student supported this research work under the direct supervision of Mr. David Hill at ORNL's Computer Science and Engineering Division. The 10-week student internship was supported by the DOE/FIU Science and Technology Workforce Initiative, an innovative program developed by the US Department of Energy's Environmental Management (DOE-EM) and FIU's Applied Research Center (FIU-ARC) (authors)

Colon Mendoza, R.A.; Lagos, L.E. [Applied Research Center, Florida International Univ., Miami, FL (United States); Hill, D.E. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Compact reversed-field pinch reactors (CRFPR)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The unique confinement properties of the Reversed-Field Pinch (RFP) are exploited to examine physics and technical issues related to a compact, high-power-density fusion reactor. This resistive-coil, steady-state, toroidal device would use a dual-media power cycle driven by a fusion power core (FPC, i.e., plasma chamber, first wall, blanket, shield, and coils) with a power density and mass approaching values characteristic of pressurized-water fission rectors. A 1000-MWe(net) base case is selected from a comprehensive trade-off study to examine technological issues related to operating a high-power-density FPC. After describing the main physics and technology issues for this base-case reactor, directions for future study are suggested.

Krakowski, R.A.; Miller, R.L.; Bathke, C.G.; Hagenson, R.L.; Copenhaver, C.; Werley, K.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Compact microwave ion source for industrial applications  

SciTech Connect

A 2.45 GHz microwave ion source for ion implanters has many good properties for industrial application, such as easy maintenance and long lifetime, and it should be compact for budget and space. But, it has a dc current supply for the solenoid and a rf generator for plasma generation. Usually, they are located on high voltage platform because they are electrically connected with beam extraction power supply. Using permanent magnet solenoid and multi-layer dc break, high voltage deck and high voltage isolation transformer can be eliminated, and the dose rate on targets can be controlled by pulse duty control with semiconductor high voltage switch. Because the beam optics does not change, beam transfer components, such as focusing elements and beam shutter, can be eliminated. It has shown the good performances in budget and space for industrial applications of ion beams.

Cho, Yong-Sub; Kim, Dae-Il; Kim, Han-Sung; Seol, Kyung-Tae; Kwon, Hyeok-Jung; Hong, In-Seok [Proton Engineering Frontier Project, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

282

Compact models with regular charge distributions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We model a compact relativistic body with anisotropic pressures in the presence of an electric field. The equation of state is barotropic with a linear relationship between the radial pressure and the energy density. Simple exact models of the Einstein-Maxwell equations are generated. A graphical analysis indicates that the matter and electromagnetic variables are well behaved. In particular the proper charge density is regular for certain parameter values at the stellar centre unlike earlier anisotropic models in the presence of charge. We show that the electric field affects the mass of stellar objects and the observed mass for a particular binary pulsar is regained. Our models contain previous results of anisotropic charged matter with a linear equation of state for special parameter values.

P. Mafa Takisa; S. D. Maharaj

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Compact shell solitons in K field theories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some models providing shell-shaped static solutions with compact support (compactons) in 3+1 and 4+1 dimensions are introduced, and the corresponding exact solutions are calculated analytically. These solutions turn out to be topological solitons and may be classified as maps S{sup 3}{yields}S{sup 3} and suspended Hopf maps, respectively. The Lagrangian of these models is given by a scalar field with a nonstandard kinetic term (K field) coupled to a pure Skyrme term restricted to S{sup 2}, rised to the appropriate power to avoid the Derrick scaling argument. Further, the existence of infinitely many exact shell solitons is explained using the generalized integrability approach. Finally, similar models allowing for nontopological compactons of the ball type in 3+1 dimensions are briefly discussed.

Adam, C.; Klimas, P.; Sanchez-Guillen, J. [Departamento de Fisica de Particulas, Universidad de Santiago and Instituto Galego de Fisica de Altas Enerxias (IGFAE), E-15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Wereszczynski, A. [Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen University, Blegdamsvej 17, DK-2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark and Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, Krakow, 30-059 (Poland)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

284

A compact multichannel spectrometer for Thomson scattering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The availability of high-efficiency volume phase holographic (VPH) gratings and intensified CCD (ICCD) cameras have motivated a simplified, compact spectrometer for Thomson scattering detection. Measurements of T{sub e} 100 eV by a 2072 l/mm VPH grating. The spectrometer uses a fast-gated ({approx}2 ns) ICCD camera for detection. A Gen III image intensifier provides {approx}45% quantum efficiency in the visible region. The total read noise of the image is reduced by on-chip binning of the CCD to match the 8 spatial channels and the 10 spectral bins on the camera. Three spectrometers provide a minimum of 12 spatial channels and 12 channels for background subtraction.

Schoenbeck, N. L.; Schlossberg, D. J.; Dowd, A. S.; Fonck, R. J.; Winz, G. R. [Department of Engineering Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

285

Stirling Air Conditioner for Compact Cooling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BEETIT Project: Infinia is developing a compact air conditioner that uses an unconventional high efficient Stirling cycle system (vs. conventional vapor compression systems) to produce cool air that is energy efficient and does not rely on polluting refrigerants. The Stirling cycle system is a type of air conditioning system that uses a motor with a piston to remove heat to the outside atmosphere using a gas refrigerant. To date, Stirling systems have been expensive and have not had the right kind of heat exchanger to help cool air efficiently. Infinia is using chip cooling technology from the computer industry to make improvements to the heat exchanger and improve system performance. Infinias air conditioner uses helium gas as refrigerant, an environmentally benign gas that does not react with other chemicals and does not burn. Infinias improvements to the Stirling cycle system will enable the cost-effective mass production of high-efficiency air conditioners that use no polluting refrigerants.

None

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Compact hydrogen/helium isotope mass spectrometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The compact hydrogen and helium isotope mass spectrometer of the present invention combines low mass-resolution ion mass spectrometry and beam-foil interaction technology to unambiguously detect and quantify deuterium (D), tritium (T), hydrogen molecule (H.sub.2, HD, D.sub.2, HT, DT, and T.sub.2), .sup.3 He, and .sup.4 He concentrations and concentration variations. The spectrometer provides real-time, high sensitivity, and high accuracy measurements. Currently, no fieldable D or molecular speciation detectors exist. Furthermore, the present spectrometer has a significant advantage over traditional T detectors: no confusion of the measurements by other beta-emitters, and complete separation of atomic and molecular species of equivalent atomic mass (e.g., HD and .sup.3 He).

Funsten, Herbert O. (Los Alamos, NM); McComas, David J. (Los Alamos, NM); Scime, Earl E. (Morgantown, WV)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Compact imaging spectrometer utilizing immersed gratings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact imaging spectrometer with an immersive diffraction grating that compensates optical distortions. The imaging spectrometer comprises an entrance slit for transmitting light, means for receiving the light and directing the light, an immersion grating, and a detector array. The entrance slit, the means for receiving the light, the immersion grating, and the detector array are positioned wherein the entrance slit transmits light to the means for receiving the light and the means for receiving the light directs the light to the immersion grating and the immersion grating receives the light and directs the light to the means for receiving the light, and the means for receiving the light directs the light to the detector array.

Chrisp, Michael P. (Danville, CA); Lerner, Scott A. (Corvallis, OR); Kuzmenko, Paul J. (Livermore, CA); Bennett, Charles L. (Livermore, CA)

2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

288

Compact and highly efficient laser pump cavity  

SciTech Connect

A new, compact, side-pumped laser pump cavity design which uses non-conventional optics for injection of laser-diode light into a laser pump chamber includes a plurality of elongated light concentration channels. In one embodiment, the light concentration channels are compound parabolic concentrators (CPC) which have very small exit apertures so that light will not escape from the pumping chamber and will be multiply reflected through the laser rod. This new design effectively traps the pump radiation inside the pump chamber that encloses the laser rod. It enables more uniform laser pumping and highly effective recycle of pump radiation, leading to significantly improved laser performance. This new design also effectively widens the acceptable radiation wavelength of the diodes, resulting in a more reliable laser performance with lower cost.

Chang, Jim J. (Dublin, CA); Bass, Isaac L. (Castro Valley, CA); Zapata, Luis E. (Livermore, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Compact and highly efficient laser pump cavity  

SciTech Connect

A new, compact, side-pumped laser pump cavity design which uses non-conventional optics for injection of laser-diode light into a laser pump chamber includes a plurality of elongated light concentration channels. In one embodiment, the light concentration channels are compound parabolic concentrators (CPC) which have very small exit apertures so that light will not escape from the pumping chamber and will be multiply reflected through the laser rod. This new design effectively traps the pump radiation inside the pump chamber that encloses the laser rod. It enables more uniform laser pumping and highly effective recycle of pump radiation, leading to significantly improved laser performance. This new design also effectively widens the acceptable radiation wavelength of the diodes, resulting in a more reliable laser performance with lower cost.

Chang, J.J.; Bass, I.L.; Zapata, L.E.

1999-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

290

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Western Interstate Nuclear Compact State Nuclear Policy (Multiple States) Arizona Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor Industrial Institutional...

291

Heavy Cold-Season Precipitation in the Northwestern United States: Synoptic Climatology and an Analysis of the Flood of 1718 January 1986  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Warm, moist southwesterly airflow into the northwestern United States during the cold season can result in rapid snowmelt and flooding. The objectives of this research are to document characteristic synoptic flow patterns accompanying cold-season ...

Gary M. Lackmann; John R. Gyakum

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Long-Term Performance of Screwbase Compact Fluorescent Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The packaging material for compact fluorescent lamps normally includes some claim regarding expected lamp lifetime. This claimed lifetime is generally not obtained through rigorous testing. This study shows how different operating cycles, components, and lamp and ballast designs affect screwbase compact fluorescent lamp (SCFL) life.

2000-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

293

PREPARATION OF COMPACTS MADE FROM URANIUM AND BERYLLIUM BY SINTERING  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A powder metallurgical method for making high-density compacts of uranium and beryllium is reported. Powdered UBe/sub 9/ and powdered Be are blended, compacted, and then sintered by rapidly heating to a temperature of approximately 1220 to 1280 deg C in an inert atmosphere.

Angier, R.P.

1961-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

294

compactness in transport theory Mustapha Mokhtar-Kharroubi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A main feature of spectra of transport operators in nuclear reactor theory relies on the compactness (orOn L1 compactness in transport theory Mustapha Mokhtar-Kharroubi Département de Mathématiques spectral theory of neutron transport equations on both n-dimensional torus and spatial domains with ...nite

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

295

Southwestern Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Compact (South Dakota) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Southwestern Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Compact (South Southwestern Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Compact (South Dakota) Southwestern Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Compact (South Dakota) < Back Eligibility Utility Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Fuel Distributor Program Info State South Dakota Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Southwestern Low-Level Radioactive Waste Commission This legislation authorizes the state's entrance into the Southwestern Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Compact, which provides for the cooperative management of low-level radioactive waste. The Compact is administered by a commission, which can regulate and impose fees on in-state radioactive waste generators. The states of Arizona, California,

296

QUARK MATTER IN MASSIVE COMPACT STARS  

SciTech Connect

The recent observation of the pulsar PSR J1614-2230 with a mass of 1.97 {+-} 0.04 M{sub sun} gives a strong constraint on the quark and nuclear matter equations of state (EoS). We explore the parameter ranges for a parameterized EoS for quark stars. We find that strange stars, made of absolutely stable strange quark matter, comply with the new constraint only if effects from the strong coupling constant and color-superconductivity are taken into account. Hybrid stars, compact stars with a quark matter core and a hadronic outer layer, can be as massive as 2 M{sub sun}, but only for a significantly limited range of parameters. We demonstrate that the appearance of quark matter in massive stars crucially depends on the stiffness of the nuclear matter EoS. We show that the masses of hybrid stars stay below the ones of hadronic and pure quark stars, due to the softening of the EoS at the quark-hadron phase transition.

Weissenborn, Simon; Pagliara, Giuseppe; Schaffner-Bielich, Juergen [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Ruprecht-Karls University, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Sagert, Irina [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Hempel, Matthias [Department of Physics, University of Basel, 4056 Basel (Switzerland)

2011-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

297

Difficulties for Compact Composite Object Dark Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been suggested ``that DM particles are strongly interacting composite macroscopically large objects ... made of well known light quarks (or ... antiquarks)." In doing so it is argued that these compact composite objects (CCOs) are ``natural explanations of many observed data, such as [the] 511 keV line from the bulge of our galaxy" observed by INTEGRAL and the excess of diffuse gamma-rays in the 1-20 MeV band observed by COMPTEL. Here we argue that the atmospheres of positrons that surround CCOs composed of di-antiquark pairs in the favoured Colour-Flavour-Locked superconducting state are sufficiently dense as to stringently limit the penetration of interstellar electrons incident upon them, resulting in an extreme suppression of previously estimated rates of positronium, and hence the flux of 511 keV photons resulting from their decays, and also in the rate of direct electron-positron annihilations, which yield the MeV photons proposed to explain the 1-20 MeV excess. We also demonstrate that even if a fraction of positrons somehow penetrated to the surface of the CCOs, the extremely strong electric fields generated from the bulk antiquark matter would result in the destruction of positronium atoms long before they decay.

Daniel T. Cumberbatch; Glenn D. Starkman; Joseph Silk

2006-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

298

Absolute Spectrophotometry of Northern Compact Planetary Nebulae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present medium-dispersion spectra and narrowband images of six northern compact planetary nebulae (PNe): BoBn 1, DdDm 1, IC 5117, M 1-5, M 1-71, and NGC 6833. From broad-slit spectra, total absolute fluxes and equivalent widths were measured for all observable emission lines. High signal-to noise emission line fluxes of H-alpha, H-beta, [OIII], [NII], and HeI may serve as emission line flux standards for northern hemisphere observers. From narrow-slit spectra, we derive systemic radial velocities. For four PNe, available emission line fluxes were measured with sufficient signal-to-noise to probe the physical properties of their electron densities, temperatures, and chemical abundances. BoBn 1 and DdDm 1, both type IV PNe, have an H-beta flux over three sigma away from previous measurements. We report the first abundance measurements of M 1-71. NGC 6833 measured radial velocity and galactic coordinates suggest that it is associated with the outer arm or possibly the galactic halo, and its low abundance ([O/H]=1.3x10E-4) may be indicative of low metallicity within that region.

S. A. Wright; R. L. M. Corradi; M. Perinotto

2005-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

299

Strategy for the Integration of Hydrogen as a Vehicle Fuel into the Existing Natural Gas Vehicle Fueling Infrastructure of the Interstate Clean Transportation Corridor Project: 22 April 2004--31 August 2005  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future Subcontract Report Strategy for the Integration of NREL/SR-540-38720� Hydrogen as a Vehicle Fuel into September 2005 � the Existing Natural Gas Vehicle � Fueling Infrastructure of the � Interstate Clean Transportation � Corridor Project � April 22, 2004 - August 31, 2005 Gladstein, Neandross & Associates � Santa Monica, California � NREL is operated by Midwest Research Institute ● Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 Strategy for the Integration of Hydrogen as a Vehicle Fuel into the Existing Natural Gas Vehicle Fueling Infrastructure of the Interstate Clean Transportation

300

Process for forming coal compacts and product thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for forming durable, mechanically strong compacts from coal particulates without use of a binder is disclosed. The process involves applying a compressive stress to a particulate feed comprising substantially water-saturated coal particles while the feed is heated to a final compaction temperature in excess of about 100.degree. C. The water present in the feed remains substantially in the liquid phase throughout the compact forming process. This is achieved by heating and compressing the particulate feed and cooling the formed compact at a pressure sufficient to prevent water present in the feed from boiling. The compacts produced by the process have a moisture content near their water saturation point. As a result, these compacts absorb little water and retain exceptional mechanical strength when immersed in high pressure water. The process can be used to form large, cylindrically-shaped compacts from coal particles (i.e., "coal logs") so that the coal can be transported in a hydraulic coal log pipeline.

Gunnink, Brett (Columbia, MO); Kanunar, Jayanth (Arlington, MA); Liang, Zhuoxiong (San Francisco, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Southern States Energy Compact (Multiple States) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Southern States Energy Compact (Multiple States) Southern States Energy Compact (Multiple States) Southern States Energy Compact (Multiple States) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Alabama Program Type Environmental Regulations Industry Recruitment/Support Provider Southern States Energy Board

302

Iron-carbon compacts and process for making them  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention includes iron-carbon compacts and a process for making them. The process includes preparing a slurry comprising iron powder, furfuryl alcohol, and a polymerization catalyst for initiating the polymerization of the furfuryl alcohol into a resin, and heating the slurry to convert the alcohol into the resin. The resulting mixture is pressed into a green body and heated to form the iron-carbon compact. The compact can be used as, or machined into, a magnetic flux concentrator for an induction heating apparatus.

Sheinberg, Haskell (Santa Fe, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Development of a Compact Rotating-Wave Electron Beam Accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the successful prototype development results of a novel compact rotating-wave electron beam accelerator (RWA). The RWA uses a single cylindrical cavity holding a transverse-magnetic resonant mode in combination with an axial static magnetic field to accelerate electrons to higher energies. With approximately 80 kilowatts of microwave power fed into a C-band cavity, we have been able to successfully accelerate a 3 keV electron beam to {approx}760 keV. The compact RWA accelerator could be the basis for a new class of compact and affordable 1-10 MeV microwave accelerators for military, medical and industrial applications.

Velazco, Jose E.; Ceperley, Peter H. [Microwave Technologies Incorporated, Fairfax, Virginia 22030 (United States); Departments of Physics and Electrical Engineering, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030 (United States)

2003-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

304

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MAKING URANIUM-HYDRIDE COMPACTS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are presented for making compacts of pyrophoric hydrides in a continuous operation out of contact with air. It is particularly useful for the preparation of a canned compact of uranium hydride possessing high density and purity. The metallic uranium is enclosed in a container, positioned in a die body evacuated and nvert the uranium to the hydride is admitted and the container sealed. Heat is applied to bring about the formation of the hydride, following which compression is used to form the compact sealed in a container ready for use.

Wellborn, W.; Armstrong, J.R.

1959-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

305

Spectral discrimination of uranium-mineralized breccia pipes in northwestern Arizona  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The price of uranium is currently the lowest in more than a decade. The only type of uranium deposit that is economically viable in the depressed uranium market is such high-grade ore as the unconformity type found in Canada and Australia. Exploration for uranium-bearing breccia pipes in northwestern Arizona by both domestic and foreign companies is currently active because of the relatively high-grade ore they contain and their tendency to be polymetallic. In the US, uranium-mineralized breccia pipes are one of the few deposits that can compete in the current market. A stepwise discriminant analysis was performed on spectral data acquired from the field, laboratory, and Landsat thematic mapper (TM). The principal objectives were (1) to investigate the fundamental differences in the spectral properties of outcrops on the surface of breccia pipes and the background, (2) to choose TM bandpasses that were statistically optimum for distinguishing between breccia pipes and the background, and (3) to compare the results of the field, laboratory, and TM digital data which were acquired by different instruments having different spatial and spectral resolutions.

Kwarteng, A.Y.; Goodell, P.C.; Pingitore, N.E. Jr.; Wenich, K.J.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Multiple States) Alabama Commercial Developer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility MunicipalPublic Utility Utility Interstate Oil & Gas Compact...

307

Compact harsh environment energy conversion systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The quest for energy is leading the industry into drilling deeper wells. Typically, a temperature gradient of 1C/150 ft can be expected, with bottom hole temperatures reaching beyond 200C in many areas of the world. Moreover, the increased recovery benefits and cost reductions possible with the use of horizontal and multilateral wells has triggered a need for higher power energy conversion systems in bottom hole assemblies, such as rotary steerable tools and downhole tractors. The concepts developed throughout this work address some of these new needs. This research investigated improvements, novel solutions and considerations that will lead to significant advantages in terms of reliability, extended temperature operation, increased power capability and reduced size and cost of compact harsh environment energy conversion systems. Improvements to both the electromechanical subsystem and the power electronic subsystem are introduced. Air gap viscous losses were shown to a have a significant effect on the optimal design of submersible PM (permanent magnet) machines, and a design procedure to account for this loss component in the design was developed. The application of a dual winding exterior rotor PM machine in a downhole environment enabled a significant increase in the applications torque capability, provided protection against generator winding over voltage, and reduced parts count. Comprehensive switching device qualification, testing, and simulation lead to a simple failure mitigation technique for the operation of the most suitable devices at elevated temperature. A flying capacitor multilevel inverter was then successfully constructed and temperature tested. A novel motor drive concept suited for elevated temperature oil filled environment applications concluded the research.

Ahmed, Shehab

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Covered Product Category: Compact Fluorescent Lamps | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Covered Product Category: Compact Fluorescent Lamps Covered Product Category: Compact Fluorescent Lamps Covered Product Category: Compact Fluorescent Lamps October 7, 2013 - 10:48am Addthis ENERGY STAR Qualified Products Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs), which are an ENERGY STAR-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. Most manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying this label, check the manufacturer's literature to determine if it meets the efficiency requirements outlined by ENERGY STAR.

309

Future 'Comb on a Chip': NIST's Compact Frequency Comb ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... A full-size frequency comb uses a high-power, ultrafast laser.** By contrast, the new compact version relies on a low-power laser and the cavity's ...

2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

310

Yellowstone River Compact (North Dakota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Yellowstone River Compact (North Dakota) Yellowstone River Compact (North Dakota) Yellowstone River Compact (North Dakota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State North Dakota Program Type Siting and Permitting The Yellowstone River Compact, agreed to by the States of Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming, provides for an equitable division and apportionment of the waters of the Yellowstone River, as well as for the conservation,

311

Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting April 28, 2009 - 5:00am Addthis John Lippert There is a major push today to get homeowners to adopt compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) light bulbs. They have been on the market for nearly three decades, and many homeowners still do not use them widely. But the tide is definitely turning. Their availability and the percentage of homeowners familiar with the technology and purchasing them for their homes have been steadily rising. The products have improved considerably compared to early products, and their prices have plummeted. The ENERGY STAR® Change a Light, Change the World Campaign has been running now for more than half a dozen years. This campaign is designed to

312

The Compact RCS / Antenna Range at MIT Lincoln Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new compact range with a state-of-the-art instrumentation system was installed at Lincoln Laboratory and is currently in use. This paper describes the chamber with varied-height absorber, the rolled-edge reflector and ...

Shields, Michael W.

313

Compact high resolution isobar separator for study of exotic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compact high resolution isobar separator for study of exotic decays A. Piechaczek 1 , V. Shchepunov 1 , H. K. Carter 1 J. C. Batchelder 1 , E. F. Zganjar 2 1 UNIRIB, Oak Ridge...

314

Preparation of bulk superhard B-C-N nanocomposite compact  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Bulk, superhard, B--C--N nanocomposite compacts were prepared by ball milling a mixture of graphite and hexagonal boron nitride, encapsulating the ball-milled mixture at a pressure in a range of from about 15 GPa to about 25 GPa, and sintering the pressurized encapsulated ball-milled mixture at a temperature in a range of from about 1800-2500 K. The product bulk, superhard, nanocomposite compacts were well sintered compacts with nanocrystalline grains of at least one high-pressure phase of B--C--N surrounded by amorphous diamond-like carbon grain boundaries. The bulk compacts had a measured Vicker's hardness in a range of from about 41 GPa to about 68 GPa.

Zhao, Yusheng (Los Alamos, NM); He, Duanwei (Sichuan, CN)

2011-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

315

Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting | Department...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and compact fluorescent lights. And I've already purchased a few of the new light emitting diode (LED) solid-state lighting lights-but that's the topic of a future blog. Stay...

316

Compact Ignition Tokamak Program: issues to be resolved by January  

SciTech Connect

This Compact Ignition Tokamak Program report addresses unresolved issues concerning: concept configuration; design space characterization; facility/device layouts; auxiliary system development; cost; R and D; and alternate sites. (JDB)

Flanagan, C.A.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Superconductivity with deformed Fermi surfaces and compact stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I discuss the deformed Fermi surface superconductivity (DFS) and some of its alternatives in the context of nucleonic superfluids and two flavor color superconductors that may exist in the densest regions of compact stellar objects.

Armen Sedrakian

2003-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

318

High Energy Gamma Rays from Protons Hitting Compact Objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a previous paper the spectrum of positrons produced by matter initially at rest falling onto a massive compact object was calculated. In this paper this calculation is generalized to obtain both the spectrum of in-flight positron annihilation and pi0 decay gamma rays produced when protons with a cosmic ray-like spectrum hit the surface. The resulting pi0 decay gamma ray spectrum reflects the high energy proton energy spectrum, and is largely independent of the mass of the compact object. One notable prediction for all compact objects is a dip in the spectrum below 70 MeV. As applied to the 10^6 solar mass massive compact object near to the center of our galaxy, our theory shows promise for explaining the gamma rays coming from the galactic center as observed by both the Compton satellite and HESS ground based array.

J. Barbieri; G. Chapline

2008-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

319

A compact setup to study homogeneous nucleation and condensation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An experiment is presented to study homogeneous nucleation and the subsequent droplet growth at high temperatures and high pressures in a compact setup that does not use moving parts. Nucleation and condensation are induced in an adiabatic

Mattias Karlsson; Ivo Alxneit; Frederik Rtten; Daniel Wuillemin; Hans Rudolf Tschudi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

The Effects of Table Lamp Shade Shape and Compact Fluorescent...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Effects of Table Lamp Shade Shape and Compact Fluorescent Lamp Burning Position on Visual Comfort Speaker(s): Zaidi Abdullah Date: March 15, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting April 28, 2009 - 5:00am Addthis John Lippert There is a major push today to get homeowners to adopt compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) light bulbs. They have been on the market for nearly three decades, and many homeowners still do not use them widely. But the tide is definitely turning. Their availability and the percentage of homeowners familiar with the technology and purchasing them for their homes have been steadily rising. The products have improved considerably compared to early products, and their prices have plummeted. The ENERGY STAR® Change a Light, Change the World Campaign has been running now for more than half a dozen years. This campaign is designed to

322

Light Flicker in Compact Fluorescent Lamps Caused by Voltage Fluctuations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents tests performed at the EPRI Power Electronics Applications Center (PEAC) Power Quality Test Facility to characterize the light output of an incandescent lamp and compact fluorescent lamps during voltage fluctuations.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

323

Belle Fourche River Compact (South Dakota) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

History Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Belle Fourche River Compact (South Dakota) This is the approved revision of this page, as well as being the most...

324

Plasma Frequency Shift Due to a Slowly Rotating Compact Star  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the effects of a slowly rotating compact gravitational source on plasma oscillations using the gravitoelectromagnetic approximation to General Relativity. It is shown that there is a shift in the plasma frequency and hence in the refractive index of the plasma due to the gravitomagnetic force. Estimates for the difference in frequency of radially transmitted electromagnetic signals are given for typical compact star candidates. 1

Babur M. Mirza; Hamid Saleem

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

New Terms for the Compact Form of Electroweak Chiral Lagrangian  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The compact form of the electroweak chiral Lagrangian is a reformulation of its original form and is expressed in terms of chiral rotated electroweak gauge fields, which is crucial for relating the information of underlying theories to the coefficients of the low-energy effective Lagrangian. However the compact form obtained in previous works is not complete. In this letter we add several new chiral invariant terms to it and discuss the contributions of these terms to the original electroweak chiral Lagrangian.

Hong-Hao Zhang; Wen-Bin Yan; J. K. Parry; Xue-Song Li

2007-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

326

QUANTUM SUBGROUPS OF THE COMPACT QUANTUM GROUP SU-1(3) JULIEN BICHON AND ROBERT YUNCKEN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

QUANTUM SUBGROUPS OF THE COMPACT QUANTUM GROUP SU-1(3) JULIEN BICHON AND ROBERT YUNCKEN Abstract. We study the (compact) quantum subgroups of the compact quantum group SU-1(3): we show that any non-classical such quantum subgroup is a twist of a compact subgroup of SU(3) or is isomorphic to a quantum subgroup of U-1

327

QUANTUM SUBGROUPS OF THE COMPACT QUANTUM GROUP SU-1(3) JULIEN BICHON AND ROBERT YUNCKEN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

QUANTUM SUBGROUPS OF THE COMPACT QUANTUM GROUP SU-1(3) JULIEN BICHON AND ROBERT YUNCKEN Abstract. We study the (compact) quantum subgroups of the compact quantum group SU-1(3): we show that any such non-classical quantum subgroup is a twist of a compact subgroup of SU(3) or is isomorphic to a quantum

Sart, Remi

328

Compact Reversed-Field Pinch Reactors (CRFPR): preliminary engineering considerations  

SciTech Connect

The unique confinement physics of the Reversed-Field Pinch (RFP) projects to a compact, high-power-density fusion reactor that promises a significant reduction in the cost of electricity. The compact reactor also promises a factor-of-two reduction in the fraction of total cost devoted to the reactor plant equipment (i.e., fusion power core (FPC) plus support systems). In addition to operational and developmental benefits, these physically smaller systems can operate economically over a range of total power output. After giving an extended background and rationale for the compact fusion approaches, key FPC subsystems for the Compact RFP Reactor (CRFPR) are developed, designed, and integrated for a minimum-cost, 1000-MWe(net) system. Both the problems and promise of the compact, high-power-density fusion reactor are quantitatively evaluated on the basis of this conceptual design. The material presented in this report both forms a framework for a broader, more expanded conceptual design as well as suggests directions and emphases for related research and development.

Hagenson, R.L.; Krakowski, R.A.; Bathke, C.G.; Miller, R.L.; Embrechts, M.J.; Schnurr, N.M.; Battat, M.E.; LaBauve, R.J.; Davidson, J.W.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

FESAC White Paper Path to Market for Compact Systems July 2012 The Path to Market for Compact Modular Fusion Power Cores1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FESAC White Paper Path to Market for Compact Systems July 2012 The Path to Market for Compact of Representatives (2010) #12;FESAC White Paper Path to Market for Compact Systems July 2012 (TRL) of a technology) distributed power generation. These units can be added to existing facilities when and where needed, or phased

330

Cape Light Compact - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cape Light Compact - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Cape Light Compact - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Cape Light Compact - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heat Pumps Windows, Doors, & Skylights Solar Water Heating Maximum Rebate Home Energy Assessment/Weatherization: $2,000 Income Eligible Weatherization Measures: $2,000 - $3,000 Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Local Rebate Program Rebate Amount Home Energy Assessment/Weatherization: 75% Single Family Energy Star Home: $750 - $8,000 Multi-Family Energy Star Home: $350 - $4,000/unit Income Eligible Weatherization Measures: 100% of cost

331

Cape Light Compact - Commercial, Industrial and Municipal Buildings Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cape Light Compact - Commercial, Industrial and Municipal Buildings Cape Light Compact - Commercial, Industrial and Municipal Buildings Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Cape Light Compact - Commercial, Industrial and Municipal Buildings Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Local Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Manufacturing Other Construction Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Commercial Weatherization Water Heating Maximum Rebate Retrofit: 50% of cost of upgraded equipment, or an amount that buys down the cost of the project to a 1.5 year simple payback. New Construction: 70% of incremental cost of higher efficiency equipment, or an amount that buys down the incremental investment to a 1.5 year simple

332

Energy Cost Calculator for Compact Fluorescent Lamps | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Compact Fluorescent Lamps Compact Fluorescent Lamps Energy Cost Calculator for Compact Fluorescent Lamps October 8, 2013 - 2:18pm Addthis This tool calculates the payback period for your calc retrofit project. Modify the default values to suit your project requirements. Existing incandescent lamp wattage Watts Incandescent lamp cost dollars Incandescent lamp life 1000 hours calc wattage Watts calc cost dollars calc life (6000 hours for moderate use, 10000 hours for high use) 8000 hours Number of lamps in retrofit project Hours operating per week hours Average cost of electricity 0.06 $/kWh Relamper labor costs $/hr Time taken to retrofit all lamps in this project min Time taken to relamp one lamp min Type of Relamping Practiced: Group Relamping: Calculate Simple Payback Period months

333

Compact multiwavelength transmitter module for multimode fiber optic ribbon cable  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact multiwavelength transmitter module for multimode fiber optic ribbon cable, which couples light from an M.times.N array of emitters onto N fibers, where the M wavelength may be distributed across two or more vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) chips, and combining emitters and multiplexer into a compact package that is compatible with placement on a printed circuit board. A key feature is bringing together two emitter arrays fabricated on different substrates--each array designed for a different wavelength--into close physical proximity. Another key feature is to compactly and efficiently combine the light from two or more clusters of optical emitters, each in a different wavelength band, into a fiber ribbon.

Deri, Robert J. (Pleasanton, CA); Pocha, Michael D. (Livermore, CA); Larson, Michael C. (Goleta, CA); Garrett, Henry E. (Livermore, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Micromechanics of compaction in an analogue reservoir sandstone  

SciTech Connect

Energy production, deformation, and fluid transport in reservoirs are linked closely. Recent field, laboratory, and theoretical studies suggest that, under certain stress conditions, compaction of porous rocks may be accommodated by narrow zones of localized compressive deformation oriented perpendicular to the maximum compressive stress. Triaxial compression experiments were performed on Castlegate, an analogue reservoir sandstone, that included acoustic emission detection and location. Initially, acoustic emissions were focused in horizontal bands that initiated at the sample ends (perpendicular to the maximum compressive stress), but with continued loading progressed axially towards the center. This paper describes microscopy studies that were performed to elucidate the micromechanics of compaction during the experiments. The microscopy revealed that compaction of this weakly-cemented sandstone proceeded in two phases: an initial stage of porosity decrease accomplished by breakage of grain contacts and grain rotation, and a second stage of further reduction accommodated by intense grain breakage and rotation.

DIGIOVANNI,ANTHONY A.; FREDRICH,JOANNE T.; HOLCOMB,DAVID J.; OLSSON,WILLIAM A.

2000-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

335

Compile-Time Compaction Of Traces For Memory Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines compile-time compaction of program execution traces. It presents a new method for compacting traces for memory simulation. Further, it describes a tool prototype that implements the method. Experiments with the tool prototype show that the new method reduces the time needed in simulating the operation of memories. Memory simulation is needed in the performance analysis and in the design of programs. In high performance applications, the data transfer between different layers of memory is one of the main bottlenecks. A program execution trace is a list of memory references. Using traces as simulation inputs is a flexible way of analyzing the memory perfor...

Vesa Hirvisalo; Vesa Hirvisalo; Dr. Tech Esko Nuutila

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

On the string topology category of compact Lie groups.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the string topology category of a manifold, defined by Blumberg, Cohen and Teleman. Since the string topology category is a subcategory of a compactly generated triangulated category, the machinery of stratification, constructed by Benson, Krause and Iyengar, can be applied in order to gain an understanding of the string topology category. It is shown that an appropriate stratification holds when the manifold in question is a simply connected compact Lie group. This last result is used to derive some properties of the relevant string topology categories.

Shoham Shamir

337

Compact two-beam push-pull free electron laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultra-compact free electron laser comprising a pair of opposed superconducting cavities that produce identical electron beams moving in opposite directions such that each set of superconducting cavities accelerates one electron beam and decelerates the other electron beam. Such an arrangement, allows the energy used to accelerate one beam to be recovered and used again to accelerate the second beam, thus, each electron beam is decelerated by a different structure than that which accelerated it so that energy exchange rather than recovery is achieved resulting in a more compact and highly efficient apparatus.

Hutton, Andrew (Yorktown, VA)

2009-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

338

Plasma Frequency Shift Due to a Slowly Rotating Compact Star  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the effects of a slowly rotating compact gravitational source on electron oscillations in a homogeneous electrically neutral plasma in the absence of an external electric or magnetic field. Neglecting the random thermal motion of the electrons we assume the gravitoelectromagnetic approximation to the general theory of relativity for the gravitational field. It is shown that there is a shift in the plasma frequency and hence in the dielectric constant of the plasma due to the gravitomagnetic force. We also give estimates for the difference in the frequency of radially transmitted electromagnetic signals for typical compact star candidates.

Babur M. Mirza; Hamid Saleem

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Compaction and mobility in randomly agitated granular assemblies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the compaction and mobility properties of a dense granular material under weak random vibration. By putting in direct contact millimetric glass beads with piezoelectric transducers we manage to inject energy to the system in a disordered manner with accelerations much smaller than gravity, resulting in a slow compaction dynamics and no convection. We characterize the mobility inside the medium by pulling through it an intruder grain at constant velocity. We present an extensive study of the relation between drag force and velocity for different vibration conditions and sizes of the intruder.

G. Caballero; J. Lanuza; E. Clement

2005-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

340

Compact Einstein-Weyl Manifolds With Large Symmetry Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A geometric classification of the compact four-dimensional Einstein-Weyl manifolds with at least four-dimensional symmetry group is given. Our results also sharpen previous results on four-dimensional Einstein metrics and correct Parker's topological classification of cohomogeneity-one four-manifolds.

Anders Bisbjerg Madsen; Henrik Pedersen; Yat Sun Poon; Andrew Swann

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Identification of transparent, compact, accurate and reliable linguistic fuzzy models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transparency, accuracy, compactness and reliability all appear to be vital (even though somewhat contradictory) requirements when it comes down to linguistic fuzzy modeling. This paper presents a methodology for simultaneous optimization of these criteria ... Keywords: Complexity reduction, Fuzzy modeling, Interpretability of fuzzy systems

Andri Riid; Ennu Rstern

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Fouling characteristics of compact heat exchangers and enhanced tubes.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fouling is a complex phenomenon that (1) encompasses formation and transportation of precursors, and (2) attachment and possible removal of foulants. A basic understanding of fouling mechanisms should guide the development of effective mitigation techniques. The literature on fouling in complex flow passages of compact heat exchangers is limited; however, significant progress has been made with enhanced tubes.

Panchal, C. B.; Rabas, T. J.

1999-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

343

Compact anhydrous HCl to aqueous HCl conversion system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to an inexpensive and compact apparatus adapted for use with a .sup.196 Hg isotope separation process and the conversion of anhydrous HCl to aqueous HCl without the use of air flow to carry the HCl vapor into the converter system.

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA); Speer, Richard (S. Hamilton, MA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Ultra-compact Marx-type high-voltage generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultra-compact Marx-type high-voltage generator includes individual high-performance components that are closely coupled and integrated into an extremely compact assembly. In one embodiment, a repetitively-switched, ultra-compact Marx generator includes low-profile, annular-shaped, high-voltage, ceramic capacitors with contoured edges and coplanar extended electrodes used for primary energy storage; low-profile, low-inductance, high-voltage, pressurized gas switches with compact gas envelopes suitably designed to be integrated with the annular capacitors; feed-forward, high-voltage, ceramic capacitors attached across successive switch-capacitor-switch stages to couple the necessary energy forward to sufficiently overvoltage the spark gap of the next in-line switch; optimally shaped electrodes and insulator surfaces to reduce electric field stresses in the weakest regions where dissimilar materials meet, and to spread the fields more evenly throughout the dielectric materials, allowing them to operate closer to their intrinsic breakdown levels; and uses manufacturing and assembly methods to integrate the capacitors and switches into stages that can be arranged into a low-profile Marx generator.

Goerz, David A. (Brentwood, CA); Wilson, Michael J. (Modesto, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Gluon Vortices and Induced Magnetic Field in Compact Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The natural candidates for the realization of color superconductivity are the extremely dense cores of compact stars, many of which have very large magnetic fields, especially the so-called magnetars. In this paper we discuss how a color superconducting core can serve to generate and enhance the stellar magnetic field without appealing to a magnetohydrodynamic dynamo mechanism.

Efrain J. Ferrer

2007-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

346

Gluon Vortices and Induced Magnetic Field in Compact Stars  

SciTech Connect

The natural candidates for the realization of color superconductivity are the extremely dense cores of compact stars, many of which have very large magnetic fields, especially the so called magnetars. In this paper we discuss how a color superconducting core can serve to generate and enhance the stellar magnetic field without appealing to a magnetohydrodynamic dynamo mechanism.

Ferrer, Efrain J. [Department of Physics, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL 61455 (United States)

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

347

The Hot Working Behaviour of Mar M200 Superalloy Compacts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

testing in the range 105O'C to 12OO'C at constant true strain rates between 10m4 s-l and 1 s,-l. The compacts were pressed either below or above the y' solvus.

348

Compact X-ray Light Source Workshop Report  

SciTech Connect

This report, produced jointly by EMSL and FCSD, is the result of a workshop held in September 2011 that examined the utility of a compact x-ray light source (CXLS) in addressing many scientific challenges critical to advancing energy science and technology.

Thevuthasan, Suntharampillai; Evans, James E.; Terminello, Louis J.; Koppenaal, David W.; Manke, Kristin L.; Plata, Charity

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

A Compact Wireless Charging System for Electric Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a compact high efficiency wireless power transfer system has been designed and developed. The detailed gate drive design, cooling system design, power stage development, and system assembling are presented. The successful tests verified the feasibility of wireless power transfer system to achieve over-all 90% efficiency.

Ning, Puqi [ORNL; Miller, John M [ORNL; Onar, Omer C [ORNL; White, Cliff P [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Compact data format for advertising and discovery in ubiquitous networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe a packet data size minimization method designed specifically for advertising and discovery in ubiquitous networks. The minimization is effective for achieving superior discovery performance characteristics such as discovery ... Keywords: compact data format, discovery system, service discovery

Pavel Poupyrev; Yoshihiro Kawahara; Peter Davis; Hiroyuki Morikawa

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Compact anhydrous HCl to aqueous HCl conversion system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to an inexpensive and compact apparatus adapted for use with a [sup 196]Hg isotope separation process and the conversion of anhydrous HCl to aqueous HCl without the use of air flow to carry the HCl vapor into the converter system.

Grossman, M.W.; Speer, R.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Direct construction of compact context-dependency transducers from data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a new method for building compact context-dependency transducers for finite-state transducer-based ASR decoders. Instead of the conventional phonetic decision tree growing followed by FST compilation, this approach incorporates the ... Keywords: LVCSR, WFST

David Rybach, Michael Riley, Chris Alberti

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

On-Line Construction of Compact Directed Acyclic Word Graphs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Compact Directed Acyclic Word Graph (CDAWG) is a space-efficient text indexing structure, that can be used in several different string algorithms, especially in the analysis of biological sequences. In this paper, we present a new on-line algorithm ...

Shunsuke Inenaga; Hiromasa Hoshino; Ayumi Shinohara; Masayuki Takeda; Setsuo Arikawa; Giancarlo Mauri; Giulio Pavesi

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

A compact FPGA-based montgomery multiplier over prime fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work describes a compact FPGA hardware architecture for computing modular multiplications over GF(p) using the Montgomery method, suitable for public key cryptography for embedded or mobile systems. The multiplier is parameterizable, allowing ... Keywords: coprocessor, finite field arithmetic, fpga, montgomery multiplication, prime fields

Miguel Morales-Sandoval; Arturo Diaz-Perez

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

ULTRA-COMPACT ACCELERATOR TECHNOLOGIES FOR APPLICATION IN NUCLEAR TECHNIQUES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on compact accelerator technology development for potential use as a pulsed neutron source quantitative post verifier. The technology is derived from our on-going compact accelerator technology development program for radiography under the US Department of Energy and for a clinic sized compact proton therapy systems under an industry sponsored Cooperative Research and Development Agreement. The accelerator technique relies on the synchronous discharge of a prompt pulse generating stacked transmission line structure with the beam transit. The goal of this technology is to achieve {approx}10 MV/m gradients for 10s of nanoseconds pulses and to {approx}100 MV/m gradients for {approx}1 ns systems. As a post verifier for supplementing existing x-ray equipment, this system can remain in a charged, stand-by state with little or no energy consumption. We detail the progress of our overall component development effort with the multilayer dielectric wall insulators (i.e., the accelerator wall), compact power supply technology, kHz repetition-rate surface flashover ion sources, and the prompt pulse generation system consisting of wide-bandgap switches and high performance dielectric materials.

Sampayan, S; Caporaso, G; Chen, Y; Carazo, V; Falabella, S; Guethlein, G; Guse, S; Harris, J R; Hawkins, S; Holmes, C; Krogh, M; Nelson, S; Paul, A C; Pearson, D; Poole, B; Schmidt, R; Sanders, D; Selenes, K; Sitaraman, S; Sullivan, J; Wang, L; Watson, J

2009-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

356

The Effects of the Gulf of California SSTs on Warm-Season Rainfall in the Southwestern United States and Northwestern Mexico: A Regional Model Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impacts of the sea surface temperatures (SSTs) in the northern Gulf of California (GC) on warm-season rainfall in the ArizonaNew Mexico (AZNM) and the northwestern Mexico (NWM) regions associated with the North American monsoon (NAM) are ...

Jinwon Kim; Jongyoun Kim; John D. Farrara; John O. Roads

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Diffusion of inorganic chemical wastes in compacted clay  

SciTech Connect

The factors that were investigated included the water content/dry unit weight, the method of compaction, the mineralogy of the soil, and the concentration of the ions. The effective diffusion coefficients (D{asterisk}) of three anions (Cl{sup {minus}}, Br{sup {minus}}, and I{sup {minus}}) and three cations (K{sup +}, Cd{sup 2+}, and Zn{sup 2+}) in a simulated waste leachate were measured. Two clay soils (kaolinite and Lufkin clay) and a sand were used in the study. The clay samples were compacted and pre-soaked to minimize hydraulic gradients due to negative pore pressures. Mass balance calculations were performed to indicate possible sinks/sources in the diffusion system. The results of the diffusion tests were analyzed using two analytical solutions to Fick's second law and a commercially available semi-analytical solution. The D{asterisk} values for tests using high-concentration (0.04 N) leachate generally fell in the narrow range of about 4.0 {times} 10{sup {minus}6} to 2.0 {times} 10{sup {minus}5} cm{sup 2}/s, and were relatively insensitive to compaction water content/dry unit weight and to compaction method. The variability in the results from the tests with low-concentration (0.013 N) leachate precluded any definite conclusions from these tests. The values of D{asterisk} measured in this study were compared to values from previous studies, and the D{asterisk} values from this study were found to be slightly conservative (i.e., high). However, the results of the tests may be affected by several chemical and physical factors, and care should be taken to ensure that the soils used in the tests are representative of those used in the application of the test results. Recommendations are made for estimating D{asterisk} values for use in the design of compacted clay barriers for the containment of inorganic chemical wastes.

Shackelford, C.D.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Ceramographic Examinations of Irradiated AGR-1 Fuel Compacts  

SciTech Connect

The AGR 1 experiment involved irradiating 72 cylindrical fuel compacts containing tri-structural isotropic (TRISO)-coated particles to a peak burnup of 19.5% fissions per initial metal atom with no in-pile failures observed out of almost 300,000 particles. Five irradiated AGR 1 fuel compacts were selected for microscopy that span a range of irradiation conditions (temperature, burnup, and fast fluence). These five compacts also included all four TRISO coating variations irradiated in the AGR experiment. The five compacts were cross-sectioned both transversely and longitudinally, mounted, ground, and polished after development of careful techniques for preserving particle structures against preparation damage. Approximately 40 to 80 particles within each cross section were exposed near enough to mid-plane for optical microscopy of kernel, buffer, and coating behavior. The microstructural analysis focused on kernel swelling and porosity, buffer densification and fracture, debonding between the buffer and inner pyrolytic carbon (IPyC) layers, and fractures in the IPyC and SiC layers. Three basic particle morphologies were established according to the extent of bonding between the buffer and IPyC layers: complete debonding along the interface (Type A), no debonding along the interface (Type B), and partial debonding (Type AB). These basic morphologies were subdivided according to whether the buffer stayed intact or fractured. The resulting six characteristic morphologies were used to classify particles within each cross section, but no spatial patterns were clearly observed in any of the cross-sectional morphology maps. Although positions of particle types appeared random within compacts, examining a total of 830 classified particles allowed other relationships among morphological types to be established.

Paul Demkowicz; Scott Ploger; John Hunn

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Ceramographic Examinations of Irradiated AGR-1 Fuel Compacts  

SciTech Connect

The AGR 1 experiment involved irradiating 72 cylindrical fuel compacts containing tri-structural isotropic (TRISO)-coated particles to a peak burnup of 19.5% fissions per initial metal atom with no in-pile failures observed out of almost 300,000 particles. Six irradiated AGR 1 fuel compacts were selected for microscopy that span a range of irradiation conditions (temperature, burnup, and fast fluence). These six compacts also included all four TRISO coating variations irradiated in the AGR experiment. The six compacts were cross-sectioned both transversely and longitudinally, mounted, ground, and polished after development of careful techniques for preserving particle structures against preparation damage. From 36 to 79 particles within each cross section were exposed near enough to midplane for optical microscopy of kernel, buffer, and coating behavior. The microstructural analysis focused on kernel swelling and porosity, buffer densification and fracture, debonding between the buffer and inner pyrolytic carbon (IPyC) layers, and fractures in the IPyC and SiC layers. Three basic particle morphologies were established according to the extent of bonding between the buffer and IPyC layers: complete debonding along the interface (Type A), no debonding along the interface (Type B), and partial debonding (Type AB). These basic morphologies were subdivided according to whether the buffer stayed intact or fractured. The resulting six characteristic morphologies were used to classify particles within each cross section, but no spatial patterns were clearly observed in any of the cross-sectional morphology maps. Although positions of particle types appeared random within compacts, examining a total of 931 classified particles allowed other relationships among morphological types to be established.

Paul Demkowicz; Scott Ploger; John Hunn; Jay S. Kehn

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Casimir potential of a compact object enclosed by a spherical cavity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the electromagnetic Casimir interaction of a compact object contained inside a closed cavity of another compact object. We express the interaction energy in terms of the objects scattering matrices and translation ...

Zaheer, Saad

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Have You Switched to Compact Fluorescent Lights? Why or Why Not...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Switched to Compact Fluorescent Lights? Why or Why Not? Have You Switched to Compact Fluorescent Lights? Why or Why Not? May 1, 2009 - 1:52pm Addthis On Tuesday, John wrote about...

362

A Four Cell Lattice for the UCLA Compact Light Source Synchrotron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SCMAG-659 A Four Cell Lattice for the UCLA Compact Lightof California A Four Cell Lattice for the UCLA Compact LightT m-2) SF SO Table 2: Lattice Parameters for the Six Cell

Garren, A.A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Heat transfer and condensation of water vapour from humid air in compact heat exchangers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this thesis, an experimental and simulation study of heat transfer in water-to-air compact-plate heat exchanger is presented. A compact-plate heat exchanger made of polypropylene, (more)

Saraireh, Mohammad

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Preliminary report on the geology of the Red River Valley drilling project, eastern North Dakota and northwestern Minnesota  

SciTech Connect

Thirty-two wells, 26 of which penetrated the Precambrian, were drilled along the eastern edge of the Williston Basin in the eastern tier of counties in North Dakota and in nearby counties in northwestern Minnesota. These tests, along the Red River Valley of the North, were drilled to study the stratigraphy and uranium potential of this area. The drilling program was unsuccessful in finding either significant amounts of uranium or apparently important shows of uranium. It did, however, demonstrate the occurrence of thick elastic sections in the Ordovician, Jurassic and Cretaceous Systems, within the Red River Valley, along the eastern margins of the Williston Basin which could serve as host rocks for uranium ore bodies.

Moore, W.L.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Design and Development of Integrated Compact Multiphase Separation System (CMSS)  

SciTech Connect

The petroleum industry has relied in the past mainly on conventional vessel-type separators, which are bulky, heavy and expensive, to process wellhead production of oil-water-gas flow. Economic and operational pressures continue to force the petroleum industry to seek less expensive and more efficient separation alternatives in the form of compact separators. The compact dimensions, smaller footprint and lower weight of compact separators have a potential for cost savings to the industry, especially in offshore and subsea applications. Also, compact separators reduce the inventory of hydrocarbons significantly, which is critical for environmental This report presents a brief overview of the activities and tasks accomplished during the Budget Period II (October 09, 2004-April 30, 2006) of the DOE project titled ''Design and Development of Integrated Compact Multiphase Separation System (CMSS{copyright})''. An executive summary is presented initially followed by the tasks of the current budget period. Then, detailed description of the experimental and modeling investigations are presented. Subsequently, the technical and scientific results of the activities of this project period are presented with discussions. The findings of this investigation are summarized in the ''Conclusions'' section In this investigation, the concept of CMSS{copyright} has been developed and is proven through simulation studies and validated by experimental data. As part of the second phase of the project (Budget Period II--10/09/2004-04/30/2006) experimental investigation of the integrated CMSS{copyright} for different configurations has been conducted in order to evaluate the performance of the individual separation components, and determine how they will affect the performance of each other when integrated in the CMSS{copyright}. An intelligent control system is also developed to improve the total system efficiency of Compact Multiphase Separation System (CMSS{copyright}). In mature oil fields, water handling poses a huge problem. Thus water knock out at the earliest stage helps in significant cost savings during handling, separation and transportation of oil. One of the objectives of the CMSS{copyright} configuration is to knock out free water from the upstream fluids. The results from theoretical and experimental studies show that Free Water Knock Out (FWKO) CMSS{copyright} system can be readily deployed in the field using the control system strategies designed, implemented and tested in this study.

Ram S. Mohan; Ovadia Shoham

2006-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

366

Compact-designed supercapacitors using free-standing single-walled carbon nanotube films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compact-designed supercapacitors using free-standing single-walled carbon nanotube films Zhiqiang0ee00261e We reported the realization of assembling compact-designed supercapacitors using large) were achieved from the prepared SWCNT film-based compact-designed supercapacitors with small equivalent

Wang, Wei Hua

367

Compact and mobile high resolution PET brain imager  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A brain imager includes a compact ring-like static PET imager mounted in a helmet-like structure. When attached to a patient's head, the helmet-like brain imager maintains the relative head-to-imager geometry fixed through the whole imaging procedure. The brain imaging helmet contains radiation sensors and minimal front-end electronics. A flexible mechanical suspension/harness system supports the weight of the helmet thereby allowing for patient to have limited movements of the head during imaging scans. The compact ring-like PET imager enables very high resolution imaging of neurological brain functions, cancer, and effects of trauma using a rather simple mobile scanner with limited space needs for use and storage.

Majewski, Stanislaw (Yorktown, VA); Proffitt, James (Newport News, VA)

2011-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

368

NERSC and CRD Help Decipher Science from Compact Accelerator Simulations -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and CRD Help and CRD Help Decipher Science from Compact Accelerator Simulations NERSC and CRD Help Decipher Science from Compact Accelerator Simulations May 26, 2009 3D Particle Surfing : Electrons are moving from left to right in this LOASIS experiment. The blue shells show the plasma wake, while bunches of surfing electrons are shown as green and yellow. Green reveals low-energy particles, and yellow shows high-energy. The simulation was conducted in the VORPAL framework, and visualized with VisIt and VizSchema. Scientists use many different tools to understand the universe. While telescopes offer valuable insights about interactions between stars, planets and galaxies; particle accelerators give researchers a better understanding of the basic particles that make up these structures, as well

369

Compact and mobile high resolution PET brain imager  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A brain imager includes a compact ring-like static PET imager mounted in a helmet-like structure. When attached to a patient's head, the helmet-like brain imager maintains the relative head-to-imager geometry fixed through the whole imaging procedure. The brain imaging helmet contains radiation sensors and minimal front-end electronics. A flexible mechanical suspension/harness system supports the weight of the helmet thereby allowing for patient to have limited movements of the head during imaging scans. The compact ring-like PET imager enables very high resolution imaging of neurological brain functions, cancer, and effects of trauma using a rather simple mobile scanner with limited space needs for use and storage.

Majewski, Stanislaw (Yorktown, VA); Proffitt, James (Newport News, VA)

2011-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

370

Compact toroid experiments: spheromaks and field-reversed configurations  

SciTech Connect

Compact toroids (CT) containing both poloidal and toroidal magnetic field spheromaks, are generated in the CTX experiment using a magnetized coaxial plasma gun, and are trapped and stably confined in an oblate flux conserver. Total configuration lifetimes are observed up to approx. 0.8 ms, consistent with classical resistive decay. The field reversed configuration (FRC) is a high beta, axisymmetric, highly prolate compact toroid, containing only poloidal magnetic field, formed in a field-reversed theta pinch. A quiescent confinement period of 30 to 90 ..mu..s with T/sub i/ approx. 200 to 500 eV and n approx. 5 x 10/sup 15/ cm/sup -3/ is terminated by an n = 2 rotational instability. The FRC is stable to MHD modes including the tilting instability.

Quinn, W.E.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Solar System Signatures of Impacts by Compact Ultra Dense Objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As a means of detecting compact ultra dense objects (CUDOs) with nuclear density or greater, and a mass $10^{-10}solar system bodies. We find that a heavy enough CUDO pulverizes, heats and entrains material in a small cylinder around its trajectory through the target body. Because the resulting impact features endure for geologic timescales, data is accumulated over the history of the solar system. Exclusion of all CUDO impact signatures would set a strong limit on their local abundance.

Labun, Lance; Rafelski, Johann

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Compact nuclear power systems based on particle bed reactors  

SciTech Connect

Compact, low cost nuclear power systems with an extremely low radioactive inventory are described. These systems use the Particle Bed Reactor (PBR), in which HTGR particle fuel is contained in packed beds that are changed daily. The small diameter particle fuel (500 ..mu..m) is directly cooled utilizing the large heat transfer area available (7.8 m/sup 2//liter), thus allowing high bed power densities (MW/liter).

Horn, F.L.; Powell, J.R.; Steinberg, M.; Takahashi, H.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Compact-range coordinate system established using a laser tracker.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Establishing a Cartesian coordinate reference system for an existing Compact Antenna Range using the parabolic reflector is presented. A SMX (Spatial Metrix Corporation) M/N 4000 laser-based coordinate measuring system established absolute coordinates for the facility. Electric field characteristics with positional movement correction are evaluated. Feed Horn relocation for alignment with the reflector axis is also described. Reference points are established for follow-on non-laser alignments utilizing a theodolite.

Gallegos, Floyd H.; Bryce, Edwin Anthony

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Modeling of reservoir compaction and surface subsidence at South Belridge  

SciTech Connect

Finite-element models of depletion-induced reservoir compaction and surface subsidence have been calibrated with observed subsidence, locations of surface fissures, and regions of subsurface casing damage at South Belridge and used predictively for the evaluation of alternative reservoir-development plans. Pressure maintenance through diatomite waterflooding appears to be a beneficial means of minimizing additional subsidence and fissuring as well as reducing axial-compressive-type casing damage.

Hansen, K.S. [Shell Western E and P Inc., Houston, TX (United States); Chan, C.K. [Shell Oil Co., Houston, TX (United States); Prats, M.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

PREPARATION OF METAL POWDER COMPACTS PRIOR TO PRESSING  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of fabricating uranium by a powder metallurgical technique is described. It consists in introducing powdered uranium hydride into a receptacle shaped to coincide with the coatour of the die cavity and heating the hydride so that it decomposes to uranium metal. The metal particles cohere in the shapw of the receptacle and thereafter the prefurmed metal powder is pressed and sintered to obtain a dense compact.

Mansfield, H.

1958-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

376

Compact Refractive Imaging Spectrometer Designs Utilizing Immersed Gratings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact imaging spectrometer comprising an entrance slit for directing light, a first means for receiving the light and focusing the light, an immersed diffraction grating that receives the light from the first means and defracts the light, a second means for receiving the light from the immersed diffraction grating and focusing the light, and an image plane that receives the light from the second means

Lerner, Scott A. (Livermore, CA); Bennett, Charles L. (Livermore, CA); Bixler, Jay V. (Oakland, CA); Kuzmenko, Paul J. (Livermore, CA); Lewis, Isabella T. (San Jose, CA)

2005-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

377

Sensitivity in X-ray grating interferometry on compact systems  

SciTech Connect

The optimization of compact X-ray grating interferometry systems is crucial for the progress of this technique in industrial devices. Here, an analytical formulation for the sensitivity of the phase contrast image acquisition is derived using previous results from noise analyses. Furthermore, experimental measurements of the sensitivity for different configurations are compared, providing further insight into the dependence on polychromatic radiation. Finally, strategies for the geometrical optimization are given.

Thuering, Thomas; Modregger, Peter; Haemmerle, Stefan; Weiss, Stephan; Nueesch, Joachim; Stampanoni, Marco [Swiss Light Source, Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen PSI (Switzerland) and Institute for Biomedical Engineering, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich (Switzerland); School of Biology and Medicine, University of Lausanne, Lausanne (Switzerland); SCANCO Medical AG, Bruettisellen (Switzerland)

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

378

Stein's Method and Characters of Compact Lie Groups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stein's method is used to study the trace of a random element from a compact Lie group or symmetric space. Central limit theorems are proved using very little information: character values on a single element and the decomposition of the square of the trace into irreducible components. This is illustrated for Lie groups of classical type and Dyson's circular ensembles. The approach in this paper will be useful for the study of higher dimensional characters, where normal approximations need not hold.

Jason Fulman

2008-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

379

Elliptical morphotectonic features on Landsat imagery in southwestern New York, northwestern Pennsylvania, and northeastern Ohio  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Circular to elliptical patterns are expressed in many diverse ways and scales on earth's surface. Some are clearly of endogenic origin, whereas others are proved to be astroblemes. Many are still of indeterminate origin, but hypotheses have been offered to explain some of them. The Lake Chautauqua-Kinzua composite feature in New York and Pennsylvania is expressed by an inner ring of 29 km (18 mi) (long axis) and fragmented concentric bands extending up to 48 km (30 mi) from its center to include a curved part of the Allegheny River in the Kinzua reservoir area (Pennsylvania). It is bisected by the northeast-southwest Chautauqua anticline and fault zone (decollement), locus of the Bass Islands-Akron dolomite oil and gas play. The Pymatuning reservoir, inverted teardrop feature of 34 km (21 mi) north-south length in Pennsylvania, is defined by impounded water and drainage courses bounding a topographically positive area. A slight anticlinal flexure is coaxial with the ellipse. A deep well found gas in the upper Gatesburg Formation. A nearly circular ring of 9.75 km (6 mi) diameter near New Lyme, Ashtabula County, Ohio, is seen as a tonal design on a specially enhanced composite false-color Landsat image. Elliptical patters may reflect deep deformation, differential compaction over buried basement hills, salt tectonics, filled negative areas, impact phenomena, or various other conditions that cause differences in surface configurations, surficial material, and moisture content. Investigation of such features, especially by seismic surveys and basement drill tests, is suggested for oil and gas exploration in this area.

Pees, S.T.; Palmquist, J.C.

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Compact high resolution isobar separator for study of exotic decays  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compact high resolution isobar separator for study of Compact high resolution isobar separator for study of exotic decays A. Piechaczek 1 , V. Shchepunov 1 , H. K. Carter 1 J. C. Batchelder 1 , E. F. Zganjar 2 1 UNIRIB, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Oak Ridge, TN 37830 2 Department of Physics & Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 A compact isobar separator, based on the Multi-Pass-Time-of-Flight (MTOF) principle, is developed [1]. A mass resolving power (MRP) as spectrometer of 110,000 (FWHM) is achieved in Time-of-Flight spectra of N 2 molecules (no physical ion separation) after 300 laps or ToF = 9.7 ms. Operated as a separator [2], molecules of N 2 and CO with ∆M/M = 1/2500 or 10.433 MeV are separated with a Bradbury Nielsen electrostatic ion gate, and the MRP (FWHM) is about 40,000 after 120 laps. In the separator as well as in

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

VALIDATION OF A THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY MEASUREMENT SYSTEM FOR FUEL COMPACTS  

SciTech Connect

A high temperature guarded-comparative-longitudinal heat flow measurement system has been built to measure the thermal conductivity of a composite nuclear fuel compact. It is a steady-state measurement device designed to operate over a temperature range of 300 K to 1200 K. No existing apparatus is currently available for obtaining the thermal conductivity of the composite fuel in a non-destructive manner due to the compacts unique geometry and composite nature. The current system design has been adapted from ASTM E 1225. As a way to simplify the design and operation of the system, it uses a unique radiative heat sink to conduct heat away from the sample column. A finite element analysis was performed on the measurement system to analyze the associated error for various operating conditions. Optimal operational conditions have been discovered through this analysis and results are presented. Several materials have been measured by the system and results are presented for stainless steel 304, inconel 625, and 99.95% pure iron covering a range of thermal conductivities of 10 W/m*K to 70 W/m*K. A comparison of the results has been made to data from existing literature.

Jeff Phillips; Colby Jensen; Changhu Xing; Heng Ban

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Ultra-Compact High-Efficiency Luminaire for General Illumination  

SciTech Connect

Cree has developed a new ultra-compact light emitting diode (LED) luminaire capable of providing high efficacy with excellent color quality that can lead to significant energy savings in today??s commercial and retail applications. This success was based on an integrated development effort tailoring the LED component characteristics, optics, thermal management and driver design for the small footprint to achieve an overall system efficiency of ? 70%. A new LED component was designed to provide high brightness and efficacy in a form factor that allowed for a small directional beam with a luminaire housing design able to dissipate the heat effectively using a small physical envelope. A very compact, 90% efficient driver was developed to meet the system performance while not taking away any thermal mass from the heat sink. A 91% efficient secondary optics was designed to maximize efficiency while providing a smooth beam. The reliability of the new LED component was robust under accelerated testing conditions. Luminaires were assembled integrating the novel LED component, secondary optics, heat sink and driver technology to demonstrate the system improvement. Cree has successfully completed this project by developing an ultra-compact LED luminaire that provided 380 lumens at a correlated color temperature (CCT) of 2822 K and color rendering index (CRI) of 94 with an efficacy of 94 lumens per watt (LPW) when operating at 4 W input power (steady state) with an overall system efficiency of 81%. At a higher input power of 9 Watts, the lamp provided 658 lumens at 71 LPW.

Ted Lowes

2012-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

383

Interstate Natural Gas Pipelines (Iowa)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This statute confers upon the Utilities Board the authority to act as an agent of the federal government in determining pipeline company compliance with federal standards within the boundaries of...

384

INTERSTATE WASTE TECHNOLOGIES THERMOSELECT TECHNOLOGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/FURANS) 1200 °C 2000 °C 70 °C Quench Degassing channel Gasifier Waste carries dioxins, furans Total destruction Waste Throughput [Mg/h] GasifierGrossLoad[MW] 13 MJ/kg14 MJ/kg THERMOSELECTTHERMOSELECT ­ GASIFIER

Columbia University

385

Microscopic analysis of irradiated AGR-1 coated particle fuel compacts  

SciTech Connect

The AGR-1 experiment involved irradiation of 72 TRISO-coated particle fuel compacts to a peak burnup of 19.5% FIMA with no in-pile failures observed out of 3105 total particles. Irradiated AGR-1 fuel compacts have been cross-sectioned and analyzed with optical microscopy to characterize kernel, buffer, and coating behavior. Five compacts have been examined so far, spanning a range of irradiation conditions (burnup, fast fluence, and irradiation temperature) and including all four TRISO coating variations irradiated in the AGR-1 experiment. The cylindrical specimens were sectioned both transversely and longitudinally, then polished to expose between approximately 40-80 individual particles on each mount. The analysis focused primarily on kernel swelling and porosity, buffer densification and fracturing, buffer-IPyC debonding, and fractures in the IPyC and SiC layers. Characteristic morphologies have been identified, over 800 particles have been classified, and spatial distributions of particle types have been mapped. No significant spatial patterns were discovered in these cross sections. However, some trends were found between morphological types and certain behavioral aspects. Buffer fractures were found in approximately 23% of the particles, and these fractures often resulted in unconstrained kernel swelling into the open cavities. Fractured buffers and buffers that stayed bonded to IPyC layers appear related to larger pore size in kernels. Buffer-IPyC interface integrity evidently factored into initiation of rare IPyC fractures. Fractures through part of the SiC layer were found in only three particles, all in conjunction with IPyC-SiC debonding. Compiled results suggest that the deliberate coating fabrication variations influenced the frequencies of IPyC fractures, IPyC-SiC debonds, and SiC fractures.

Scott Ploger; Paul Demkowicz; John Hunn; Robert Morris

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

COMPACT BINARY PROGENITORS OF SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

SciTech Connect

In recent years, detailed observations and accurate numerical simulations have provided support to the idea that mergers of compact binaries containing either two neutron stars (NSs) or an NS and a black hole (BH) may constitute the central engine of short gamma-ray bursts (SGRBs). The merger of such compact binaries is expected to lead to the production of a spinning BH surrounded by an accreting torus. Several mechanisms can extract energy from this system and power the SGRBs. Here we connect observations and numerical simulations of compact binary mergers, and use the current sample of SGRBs with measured energies to constrain the mass of their powering tori. By comparing the masses of the tori with the results of fully general-relativistic simulations, we are able to infer the properties of the binary progenitors that yield SGRBs. By assuming a constant efficiency in converting torus mass into jet energy, {epsilon}{sub jet} = 10%, we find that most of the tori have masses smaller than 0.01 M{sub Sun }, favoring 'high-mass' binary NSs mergers, i.e., binaries with total masses {approx}> 1.5 the maximum mass of an isolated NS. This has important consequences for the gravitational wave signals that may be detected in association with SGRBs, since 'high-mass' systems do not form a long-lived hypermassive NS after the merger. While NS-BH systems cannot be excluded to be the engine of at least some of the SGRBs, the BH would need to have an initial spin of {approx}0.9 or higher.

Giacomazzo, Bruno [JILA, University of Colorado and National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Perna, Rosalba [JILA and Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Rezzolla, Luciano [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik, Albert-Einstein-Institut, Potsdam D-14476 (Germany); Troja, Eleonora [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Lazzati, Davide [Department of Physics, NC State University, 2401 Stinson Drive, Raleigh, NC 27695-8202 (United States)

2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

387

Structural Reliability: Assessing the Condition and Reliability of Casing in Compacting Reservoirs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Casing has a higher risk of failure in a compacting reservoir than in a typical reservoir. Casing fails when reservoir compaction induces compression and shear stresses onto it. They compact as reservoir pressure depletes during production. High compaction reservoirs typically are composed of unconsolidated, overpressured rocks such as chalk, diatomite, and sandstone. Pore pressure depletion increases effective stress, which is the rock matrix stress pushing upward against overburden pressure. Effective stress may exceed rock compressive strength, inducing compaction. Wells in compacting reservoirs risk high failure and deformation rates. This project introduces the concept of structural reliability to quantify casing failure risks in compacting reservoirs. This research developed probabilistic models for casing capacities using current design methods and a reservoir compaction load using finite-element model simulations. Probabilistic models were used in creating two limit-states functions to predict casing failure: axial yielding and buckling failures. A limit-state function describes the casing condition as the casing experiences a reservoir compaction load. The limit state function is the input in component and system analyses for casing fragility and conditional probability of casing failure. Fragilities can predict casing probability of failure as reservoir pressure is depleting. Sensitivity and importance analyses are also performed to determine the importance of parameters affecting the casing reliability. Applying the knowledge produced from this research to casing design methods can improve design reliabilities and forecast the risk of casing failure in compacting reservoirs.

Chantose, Prasongsit

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Preliminary results of post-irradiation examination of the AGR-1 TRISO fuel compacts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Five irradiated fuel compacts from the AGR-1 experiment have been examined in detail in order to assess in-pile fission product release behavior. Compacts were electrolytically deconsolidated and analyzed using the leach-burn-leach technique to measure fission product inventory in the compact matrix and identify any particles with a defective SiC layer. Loose particles were then gamma counted to measure the fission product inventory. One particle with a defective SiC layer was found in the five compacts examined. The fractional release of Ag 110m from the particles was significant. The total fraction of silver released from all the particles within a compact ranged from 0-0.63 and individual particles within a single compact often exhibited a very wide range of silver release. The average fractional release of Eu-154 from all particles in a compact was 2.410-41.310-2, which is indicative of release through intact coatings. The fractional Cs-134 inventory in the compact matrix was inventory was found in the compact matrix for two of the compacts, indicating significant release through intact coatings.

Paul Demkowicz; John Hunn; Robert Morris; Jason Harp; Philip Winston; Charles Baldwin; Fred Montgomery; Scott Ploger; Isabella van Rooyen

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Preliminary results of post-irradiation examination of the AGR-1 TRISO fuel compacts  

SciTech Connect

Five irradiated fuel compacts from the AGR-1 experiment have been examined in detail in order to assess in-pile fission product release behavior. Compacts were electrolytically deconsolidated and analyzed using the leach-burn-leach technique to measure fission product inventory in the compact matrix and identify any particles with a defective SiC layer. Loose particles were then gamma counted to measure the fission product inventory. One particle with a defective SiC layer was found in the five compacts examined. The fractional release of Ag 110m from the particles was significant. The total fraction of silver released from all the particles within a compact ranged from 0-0.63 and individual particles within a single compact often exhibited a very wide range of silver release. The average fractional release of Eu-154 from all particles in a compact was 2.410-41.310-2, which is indicative of release through intact coatings. The fractional Cs-134 inventory in the compact matrix was <210-5 when all coatings remained intact, indicating good cesium retention. Approximately 1% of the palladium inventory was found in the compact matrix for two of the compacts, indicating significant release through intact coatings.

Paul Demkowicz; John Hunn; Robert Morris; Jason Harp; Philip Winston; Charles Baldwin; Fred Montgomery; Scott Ploger; Isabella van Rooyen

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Radiation field modeling and optimization of a compact and modular  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radiation field modeling and optimization of a compact and modular Radiation field modeling and optimization of a compact and modular multi-plate photocatalytic reactor (MPPR) for air/water purification by Monte Carlo method Title Radiation field modeling and optimization of a compact and modular multi-plate photocatalytic reactor (MPPR) for air/water purification by Monte Carlo method Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Zazueta, Ana Luisa Loo, Hugo Destaillats, and Gianluca Li Puma Journal Chemical Engineering Journal Volume 217 Pagination 475-485 Date Published 02/01/2013 Abstract The radiation field in a multi-plate photocatalytic reactor (MPPR) for air or water purification was modeled and optimized using a Monte Carlo stochastic method. The MPPR consists of parallel photocatalytic plates irradiated by cylindrical UV lamps orthogonal to the plates. The photocatalyst titanium dioxide (TiO2) is supported on the plates as a thin film. The photoreactor design is compact and offers a large irradiated photocatalytic surface area, a high degree of photon utilization, low pressure drop and a modular design which can facilitate scale-up. These features are desirable for the decontamination of indoor air in ventilation ducts or for water detoxification. The Monte Carlo method was applied to determine three dimensionless reactor performance parameters: the photon absorption efficiency (Φ), the uniformity of the distribution of the dimensionless radiation intensity (η) and the overall photonic efficiency (Φ). The emission of photons from the light sources was simulated by the extensive source with superficial emission (ESSE) model. Simulations were performed by varying the catalyst reflectivity albedo, the number and the diameter of lamps, and the dimensions and spacing of the photocatalytic plates. Optimal design for a basic reactor module with one lamp was accomplished for lamp-diameter-to-plate-height ratio (β) of 0.7, while the plate-spacing-to-plate-height ratio (α) was correlated by [αoptimum = 0.191 β2 - 0.5597 β + 0.3854]. A multilamp arrangement leads to a feasible increase in the size and number of the plates and the irradiated photocatalytic surface area. The optimum design was validated by measuring the apparent quantum yield of the oxidation of toluene (7 ppmv) in a humidified air stream using immobilized TiO2 (Degussa P25). Experiments performed varying the geometrical parameter α correlated well with the model calculations, with maximum apparent quantum yield for α = 0.137. The results are directly transferable to the treatment of water by photocatalysis.

391

A compact neutron generator using a field ionization source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Field ionization as a means to create ions for compact and rugged neutron sources is pursued. Arrays of carbon nano-#12;bers promise the high #12;eld-enhancement factors required for efficient field ionization. We report on the fabrication of arrays of #12;field emitters with a density up to 10{sup 6} tips/cm{sup 2} and measure their performance characteristics using electron field emission. The critical issue of uniformity is discussed, as are efforts towards coating the nano-fibers to enhance their lifetime and surface properties.

Persaud, Arun; Waldmann, Ole; Kapadia, Rehan; Takei, Kuniharu; Javey, Ali; Schenkel, Thomas

2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

392

Compact cyclone filter train for radiological and hazardous environments  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact cyclone filter train for the removal of hazardous and radiologi particles from a gaseous fluid medium which permits a small cyclone separator to be used in a very small space envelope due to the arrangement of the filter housing adjacent to the separator with the cyclone separator and the filters mounted on a plate. The entire unit will have a hoist connection at the center of gravity so that the entire unit including the separator, the filters, and the base can be lifted and repositioned as desired.

Bench, Thomas R. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Compact cyclone filter train for radiological and hazardous environments  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact cyclone filter train is disclosed for the removal of hazardous and radiological particles from a gaseous fluid medium. This filter train permits a small cyclone separator to be used in a very small space envelope due to the arrangement of the filter housing adjacent to the separator with the cyclone separator and the filters mounted on a plate. The entire unit will have a hoist connection at the center of gravity so that the entire unit including the separator, the filters, and the base can be lifted and repositioned as desired. 3 figs.

Bench, T.R.

1998-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

394

Numerical simulation of reservoir compaction in liquid dominated geothermal systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A numerical model is introduced which simulates the effects of fluid production as well as reinjection on the vertical deformation of water dominated geothermal reservoirs. This program, based on an Integrated Finite Difference technique and Terzaghi's one-dimensional consolidation model, computes the transport of heat and water through porous media, and resulting pore volume changes. Examples are presented to show the effects of reservoir heterogeneities on the compaction of these hot water systems, as well as the effects of different production-injection schemes. The use of isothermal models to simulate the deformation of non-isothermal systems was also investigated.

Lippmann, M.J.; Narasimhan, T.N.; Witherspoon, P.A.

1976-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Diffusion Welding of Compact Heat Exchangers for Nuclear Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The next--generation nuclear plant (NGNP) is designed to be a flexible source of energy, producing various mixes of electrical energy and process heat (for example, for hydrogen generation) on demand. Compact heat exchangers provide an attractive way to move energy from the helium primary reactor coolant to process heat uses. For process heat efficiency, reactor outlet temperatures of 750--900C are desirable. There are minor but deleterious components in the primary coolant; the number of alloys that can handle this environment is small. The present work concentrates on Alloys 800H and 617.

Denis Clark; Ron Mizia; Dr. Michael V. Glazoff; Mr. Michael W. Patterson

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Compact Ceramic Heat Exchangers for Corrosive Waste Gas Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The development of large ceramic heat exchangers is described and performance data given for units installed on steel industry soaking pits in the U.K. Operational experience since 1973 confirms that ceramic heat exchangers capable of operating with high airside pressures have long lives and low maintenance even when operating with dirty gases at 1350 deg. C and preheating combustion air to 800 deg. C. The design of compact units suitable for factory assembly is also described. Units have been developed for low temperature corrosive gas situations and have been applied to the pottery industry and are being developed for coal fired air heaters for the food industry.

Laws, W. R.; Reed, G. R.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

PREPARATION OF HIGH-DENSITY, COMPACTIBLE THORIUM OXIDE PARTICLES  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is given for preparing millimeter-size, highdensity thorium oxide particles suitable for fabrication into nuclear reactor feel elements by means of vibratory compaction. A thorium oxide gel containing 3.7 to 7 weight per cent residual volatile nitrate and water is prepared by drying a thorium oxide sol. The gel is then slowly heated to a temperature of about 450DEC, and the resulting gel fragments are calcined. The starting sol is prepared by repeated dispersion of oxalate-source thorium oxide in a nitrate system or by dispersion of steam-denitrated thorium oxide in water. (AEC)

McCorkle, K.H.; Kleinsteuber, A.T.; Schilling, C.E.; Dean, O.C.

1962-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

398

Compact approach to monitored retrievable storage of spent fuel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent federal waste-management legislation has raised national interest in monitored retrievable storage (MRS) of unprocessed spent fuel from civilian nuclear power plants. We have reviewed the current MRS design approaches, and we have examined an alternative concept that is extremely compact in terms of total land use. This approach may offer substantial advantages in the areas of monitoring and in safeguards against theft, as well as in reducing the chances of groundwater contamination. Total facility costs are roughly estimated and found to be generally competitive with other MRS concepts. 4 references, 3 figures, 3 tables.

Muir, D.W.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

PDC (polycrystalline diamond compact) bit research at Sandia National Laboratories  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

From the beginning of the geothermal development program, Sandia has performed and supported research into polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC) bits. These bits are attractive because they are intrinsically efficient in their cutting action (shearing, rather than crushing) and they have no moving parts (eliminating the problems of high-temperature lubricants, bearings, and seals.) This report is a summary description of the analytical and experimental work done by Sandia and our contractors. It describes analysis and laboratory tests of individual cutters and complete bits, as well as full-scale field tests of prototype and commercial bits. The report includes a bibliography of documents giving more detailed information on these topics. 26 refs.

Finger, J.T.; Glowka, D.A.

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Compact cyclone filter train for radiological and hazardous environments  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact cyclone filter train is described for the removal of hazardous and radiological particles from a gaseous fluid medium which permits a small cyclone separator to be used in a very small space envelope due to the arrangement of the filter housing adjacent to the separator with the cyclone separators and the filters mounted on a plate. The entire unit will have a hoist connection at the center of gravity so that the entire unit including the separator, the filters, and the base can be lifted and repositioned as desired.

Bench, T.R.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Geothermal resources of the western arm of the Black Rock Desert, northwestern Nevada. Part I. Geology and geophysics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Studies of the geothermal potential of the western arm of the Black Rock Desert in northwestern Nevada included a compilation of existing geologic data on a detailed map, a temperature survey at 1-meter depth, a thermal-scanner survey, and gravity and seismic surveys to determine basin geometry. The temperature survey showed the effects of heating at shallow depths due to rising geothermal fluids near the known hot spring areas. Lower temperatures were noted in areas of probable near-surface ground-water movement. The thermal-scanner survey verified the known geothermal areas and showed relatively high-temperature areas of standing water and ground-water discharge. The upland areas of the desert were found to be distinctly warmer than the playa area, probably due to the low thermal diffusivity of upland areas caused by low moisture content. Surface geophysical surveys indicated that the maximum thickness of valley-fill deposits in the desert is about 3200 meters. Gravity data further showed that changes in the trend of the desert axis occurred near thermal areas. 53 refs., 8 figs., 3 tabs.

Schaefer, D.H.; Welch, A.H.; Maurer, D.K.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Microchannel Process Technology for Compact Methane Steam Reforming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study of microchannel reaction engineering and applications to compact chemical reactors has expanded rapidly both academically and industrially in recent years. Velocys{reg_sign}, a spin-out company from Battelle Memorial Institute, is commercializing microchannel process technology for large-scale chemical processing. Hydrogen production at industrial rates in compact Velocys hardware is made possible through increases in both heat and mass transfer rates for highly active and novel catalysts. In one example, a microchannel methane steam reforming reactor is presented with integrated catalytic partial oxidation of methane prior to catalytic combustion with low excess air (25%) to generate the required energy for undothermic methane steam reforming in adjacent channels. Heat transfer rates from the exothermic reactions exceed 18 W/cm{sup 2} of interplanar heat transfer surface area and exceed 65 W/cm{sup 3} of total reaction volume for a methane steam reforming contact time near 4 milliseconds. The process intensity of the Velocys methane steam reformer well exceeds that of conventional steam reformers, which have a typical volumetric heat flux below 1 W/cm{sup 3}. The integration of multiple unit operations and improvements in process intensification result in significant capital and operating cost savings for commercial applications.

Tonkovich, A L.; Perry, Steve; Wang, Yong; Qiu, Dongming; LaPlante, Timothy J.; Rogers, William A.

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) Experiment on YouTube  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment is one of two large general-purpose particle physics detectors built on the proton-proton Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN in Switzerland and France. The CMS detector is located in an underground cavern at Cessy in France and studies many aspects of proton collisions at 14 TeV, the center-of-mass energy of the LHC particle accelerator. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compact_Muon_Solenoid]. US groups have made significant contributions to nearly every aspect of the detector throughout all phases including construction, installation and now in the data-taking stage. The US collaboration also made major contributions to the construction and operation of the computing facilities needed to analyze the unprecedented amount of data to be generated by CMS. This work includes the software that allows physicists to operate the CMS detector, reconstruct the data, analyze it and extract new physics. The CMS channel on YouTube was established in 2009.

404

Compact multiple-valued multiplexers using negative differential resistance devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract-Quantum electronic devices with negative differen-tial resistance (NDR) characteristics have been used to design compact multiplexers. These multiplexers may be used either as analog multiplexers where the signal on a single select line selects one out of four analog inputs, or as four-valued logic multiplexers where the select line and the input lines represent one of four quantized signal values and the output line corre-sponds to the selected input. Any four-valued logic function can be implemented using only four-valued multiplexers (also known as T-gates), and this T-gate uses just 13 devices (transistors) as compared to 44 devices in CMOS. The design of the T-gate was done using a combination of resonant tunneling diodes (RTDs) and heterojunction bipolar transistors (HBTs) with the folded I-V characteristic (NDR characteristic) of the RTDs providing the compact logic implementation and the HBTs providing the gain and isolation. The application of the same design principles to the design of T-gates using other NDR devices such as reso-nant tunneling hot electron transistors (RHETs) and resonant tunneling bipolar transistors (RTBTs) is also demonstrated. I.

H. L. Chan; S. Mohan; Pinaki Mazumder; Senior Member; George I. Haddad

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Origin of Compact Triangular Islands in Metal-on-Metal Growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The microscopic origin of compact triangular islands on close-packed surfaces is identified using kinetic Monte Carlo simulations with energy barriers obtained from density-functional calculations. In contrast to earlier accounts, corner diffusion anisotropy is found to control the shape of compact islands at intermediate temperatures. We rationalize the correlation between the orientation of dendrites grown at low temperatures and triangular islands grown at higher temperatures, and explain why in some systems dendrites grow fat before turning compact.

Bogicevic, Alexander; Lundqvist, Bengt I.; Ovesson, Staffan

1999-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

406

Method of using in situ porosity measurements to place an upper bound on geothermal reservoir compaction  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Placing an upper bound on reservoir compaction requires placing a lower bound on the reservoir effective compaction modulus. Porosity-depth data can be used to find that lower-bound modulus in a young sedimentary basin. Well-log and sample porosity data from a geothermal field in the Imperial Valley, CA, give a lower-bound modulus of 7.7 x 10{sup 3} psi. This modulus is used with pressure drops calculated for a reservoir to determine an upper bound on reservoir compaction. The effects of partial reinjection and aquifer leakage on upper-bound subsidence estimated from the compaction are illustrated for a hypothetical reservoir and well array.

Schatz, J.F.; Kasameyer, P.W.; Cheney, J.A.

1979-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

407

Dimming of Compact Fluorescent Lamps Caused By Cold-Air Drafts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Case Study documents the investigation performed by the New York Port Authority (PA) of the dimming of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) in the World Trade Center.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

408

Abart CDS - a New Compact Multi-pollutant Pot Gas and Alumina ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, A new modular Abart CDS is developed that integrates silos, alumina handling, heat exchangers, fans, SO2 scrubber and stack into a compact

409

Nuclear fuel particles and method of making nuclear fuel compacts therefrom  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods for making nuclear fuel compacts exhibiting low heavy metal contamination and fewer defective coatings following compact fabrication from a mixture of hardenable binder, such as petroleum pitch, and nuclear fuel particles having multiple layer fission-product-retentive coatings, with the dense outermost layer of the fission-product-retentive coating being surrounded by a protective overcoating, e.g., pyrocarbon having a density between about 1 and 1.3 g/cm.sup.3. Such particles can be pre-compacted in molds under relatively high pressures and then combined with a fluid binder which is ultimately carbonized to produce carbonaceous nuclear fuel compacts having relatively high fuel loadings.

DeVelasco, Rubin I. (Encinitas, CA); Adams, Charles C. (San Diego, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

BSA 07-22: Compact Room-Temperature Radiation Detector for Oil ...  

BSA 07-22: Compact Room-Temperature Radiation Detector for Oil & Gas Exploration. BNL Reference Number: BSA 07-22. Patent Status: U.S. Patent ...

411

Property:Incentive/Cont4Dept | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for the Purposes of Title V of the Federal Clean Air Act (Mississippi) + Department of Environmental Quality + Atlantic Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact...

412

NETL: Carbon Storage - Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

joined by private corporations, professional business associations, the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission, three Illinois State agencies, and university researchers...

413

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

& Electronics Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights UniSource Residential Energy Solutions Western Interstate Nuclear Compact State Nuclear Policy (Multiple States) Arizona...

414

RMOTC - About Us  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Policy, the Office of Fossil Energy, and the U.S. Department of Energy. The Interstate Oil & Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC), the Independent Petroleum Association of America, the...

415

Going underground to monitor carbon dioxide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

interstate compact, comprised of governors and state legislators from 16 southern states, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, as well as a presidential appointee. The...

416

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

reports to the Interstate Oil Compact Commission and the U.S. Minerals Management Service. Volumetric data are converted, as necessary, ...

417

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management (Multiple States) Alaska Utility Fed. Government Commercial Investor-Owned Utility StateProvincial Govt...

418

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Atlantic Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (South Carolina) South Carolina Utility Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Construction...

419

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Midwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste (Multiple States) Indiana Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General PublicConsumer...

420

Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (multi-state) Alabama Commercial Construction Industrial InstallerContractor Institutional Investor-Owned...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Project 242  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Association Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) Kentucky Geological Survey, University of Kentucky Kentucky Oil & Gas Association Louisville Gas and Electric Energy...

422

Microsoft Word - ThisWeek03.25.13.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

with the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission for disclosing chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing. FracFocus 2.0 offers enhanced search capabilities, allowing users to...

423

Specification Test Compaction for Analog Circuits and MEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Testing a non-digital integrated system against all of its specifications can be quite expensive due to the elaborate test application and measurement setup required. We propose to eliminate redundant tests by employing e-SVM based statistical learning. Application of the proposed methodology to an operational amplifier and a MEMS accelerometer reveal that redundant tests can be statistically identified from a complete set of specification-based tests with negligible error. Specifically, after eliminating five of eleven specification-based tests for an operational amplifier, the defect escape and yield loss is small at 0.6% and 0.9%, respectively. For the accelerometer, defect escape of 0.2% and yield loss of 0.1% occurs when the hot and colt tests are eliminated. For the accelerometer, this level of Compaction would reduce test cost by more than half.

Biswas, Sounil; D., R; Blanton,; Pileggi, Larry T

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Color Superconductivity in Compact Stars and Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the effects of color superconductivity on the structure and formation of compact stars. We show that it is possible to satisfy most of recent observational boundaries on masses and radii if a diquark condensate forms in a hybrid or a quark star. Moreover, we find that a huge amount of energy, of the order of $10^{53}$ erg, can be released in the conversion from a (metastable) hadronic star into a (stable) hybrid or quark star, if the presence of a color superconducting phase is taken into account. Accordingly to the scenario proposed in Astrophys.J.586(2003)1250, the energy released in this conversion can power a Gamma Ray Burst. This mechanism can explain the recent observations indicating a delay, of the order of days or years, between a few Supernova explosions and the subsequent Gamma Ray Burst.

A. Drago; A. Lavagno; G. Pagliara

2003-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

425

A Massive Pulsar in a Compact Relativistic Binary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many physically motivated extensions to general relativity (GR) predict significant deviations in the properties of spacetime surrounding massive neutron stars. We report the measurement of a 2.01 +/- 0.04 solar mass pulsar in a 2.46-hr orbit with a 0.172 +/- 0.003 solar mass white dwarf. The high pulsar mass and the compact orbit make this system a sensitive laboratory of a previously untested strong-field gravity regime. Thus far, the observed orbital decay agrees with GR, supporting its validity even for the extreme conditions present in the system. The resulting constraints on deviations support the use of GR-based templates for ground-based gravitational wave detectors. Additionally, the system strengthens recent constraints on the properties of dense matter and provides insight to binary stellar astrophysics and pulsar recycling.

John Antoniadis; Paulo C. C. Freire; Norbert Wex; Thomas M. Tauris; Ryan S. Lynch; Marten H. van Kerkwijk; Michael Kramer; Cees Bassa; Vik S. Dhillon; Thomas Driebe; Jason W. T. Hessels; Victoria M. Kaspi; Vladislav I. Kondratiev; Norbert Langer; Thomas R. Marsh; Maura A. McLaughlin; Timothy T. Pennucci; Scott M. Ransom; Ingrid H. Stairs; Joeri van Leeuwen; Joris P. W. Verbiest; David G. Whelan

2013-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

426

Compact mass spectrometer for plasma discharge ion analysis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mass spectrometer and methods are disclosed for mass spectrometry which are useful in characterizing a plasma. This mass spectrometer for determining type and quantity of ions present in a plasma is simple, compact, and inexpensive. It accomplishes mass analysis in a single step, rather than the usual two-step process comprised of ion extraction followed by mass filtering. Ions are captured by a measuring element placed in a plasma and accelerated by a known applied voltage. Captured ions are bent into near-circular orbits by a magnetic field such that they strike a collector, producing an electric current. Ion orbits vary with applied voltage and proton mass ratio of the ions, so that ion species may be identified. Current flow provides an indication of quantity of ions striking the collector. 7 figs.

Tuszewski, M.G.

1997-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

427

Compact mass spectrometer for plasma discharge ion analysis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mass spectrometer and methods for mass spectrometry which are useful in characterizing a plasma. This mass spectrometer for determining type and quantity of ions present in a plasma is simple, compact, and inexpensive. It accomplishes mass analysis in a single step, rather than the usual two-step process comprised of ion extraction followed by mass filtering. Ions are captured by a measuring element placed in a plasma and accelerated by a known applied voltage. Captured ions are bent into near-circular orbits by a magnetic field such that they strike a collector, producing an electric current. Ion orbits vary with applied voltage and proton mass ratio of the ions, so that ion species may be identified. Current flow provides an indication of quantity of ions striking the collector.

Tuszewski, Michel G. (Los Alamos, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Mode Conversion Heating Scenarios for the National Compact Stellarator Experiment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Radio-frequency heating scenarios for the National Compact Stellarator eXperiment (NCSX) are considered. The focus here is on mode conversion from the fast to the slow ion Bernstein wave as either an electron or ''bulk'' ion heating technique, using a high-field side launch to directly access the ion-ion hybrid layer. Modeling for the planned parameters of NCSX [R(subscript ave) {approximately} 1.4 m, a(subscript ave) {approximately} 0.4 m, B(subscript T)(0) {approximately} 1.2-2 T, n(subscript e)(0) {approximately} 2-5 x 10(superscript19) m(superscript -3), T(subscript e)(0) {approximately} T(subscript i)(0) {approximately} 1-2 keV] for mode conversion in D-H and D-3He plasmas is presented. Possible types of high-field side antennas are also briefly discussed.

Majeski, R.; Wilson, J.R.; and Zarnstorff, M.

2001-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

429

A Compact Gas Cerenkov Detector with Novel Optics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the design and performance of a threshold Cerenkov counter for identification of charged hadrons. The radiator is pressurized gas, which is contained in thin-walled cylindrical modules. A mirror system of novel design transports Cerenkov photons to photomultiplier tubes. This system is compact, contains relatively little material, and has a large fraction of active volume. A prototype of a module designed for the proposed CLEO III detector has been studied using cosmic rays. Results from these studies show good agreement with a detailed Monte Carlo simulation of the module and indicate that it should achieve separation of pions and kaons at the 2.5-3.0sigma level in the momentum range 0.8-2.8 GeV/c. We predict performance for specific physics analyses using a GEANT-based simulation package.

Michael Sivertz; Bruce Berger; Richard Ehrlich; John Bartlet; Steven Csorna; Vivek Jain; Szabolcs Marka; Kay Kinoshita; Paula Pomianowski

1996-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

430

Compact Couplers for Photonic Crystal Laser-Driven Accelerator Structures  

SciTech Connect

Photonic crystal waveguides are promising candidates for laser-driven accelerator structures because of their ability to confine a speed-of-light mode in an all-dielectric structure. Because of the difference between the group velocity of the waveguide mode and the particle bunch velocity, fields must be coupled into the accelerating waveguide at frequent intervals. Therefore efficient, compact couplers are critical to overall accelerator efficiency. We present designs and simulations of high-efficiency coupling to the accelerating mode in a three-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide from a waveguide adjoining it at 90{sup o}. We discuss details of the computation and the resulting transmission. We include some background on the accelerator structure and photonic crystal-based optical acceleration in general.

Cowan, Benjamin; /Tech-X, Boulder; Lin, M.C.; /Tech-X, Boulder; Schwartz, Brian; /Tech-X, Boulder; Byer, Robert; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; McGuinness, Christopher; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Colby, Eric; /SLAC; England, Robert; /SLAC; Noble, Robert; /SLAC; Spencer, James; /SLAC

2012-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

431

Compact Gamma-ray Source Technology Development Study  

SciTech Connect

This study focuses on the applicability of current accelerator and laser technologies to the construction of compact, narrow bandwidth, gamma-ray sources for DHS missions in illicit materials detection. It also identifies research and development areas in which advancement will directly benefit these light sources. In particular, we review the physics of Compton scattering based light sources and emphasize the source properties most important to Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence (NRF) applications of interest. The influences of laser and electron beam properties on the light source are examined in order to evaluate the utility of different technologies for this application. Applicable bulk and fiber-based laser systems and laser recirculation technologies are discussed and Radio Frequency (RF) Linear Accelerator (linac) technologies are examined to determine the optimal frequency and pulse formats achievable.

Anderson, S G; Gibson, D J; Rusnak, B

2009-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

432

Compact, maintainable 80-KeV neutral beam module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact, maintainable 80-keV arc chamber, extractor module for a neutral beam system immersed in a vacuum of <10.sup.-2 Torr, incorporating a nested 60-keV gradient shield located midway between the high voltage ion source and surrounding grounded frame. The shield reduces breakdown or arcing path length without increasing the voltage gradient, tends to keep electric fields normal to conducting surfaces rather than skewed and reduces the peak electric field around irregularities on the 80-keV electrodes. The arc chamber or ion source is mounted separately from the extractor or ion accelerator to reduce misalignment of the accelerator and to permit separate maintenance to be performed on these systems. The separate mounting of the ion source provides for maintaining same without removing the ion accelerator.

Fink, Joel H. (Livermore, CA); Molvik, Arthur W. (Livermore, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Targeted coherent search for gravitational waves from compact binary coalescences  

SciTech Connect

We introduce a method for conducting a targeted, coherent search for compact binary coalescences. The search is tailored to be used as a follow-up to electromagnetic transients such as gamma-ray bursts. We derive the coherent search statistic for Gaussian detector noise and discuss the benefits of a coherent, multidetector search over coincidence methods. To mitigate the effects of nonstationary data, we introduce a number of signal consistency tests, including the null signal-to-noise ratio, amplitude consistency, and several {chi}{sup 2} tests. We demonstrate the search performance on Gaussian noise and on data from LIGO's fourth science run and verify that the signal consistency tests are capable of removing the majority of noise transients, giving the search an efficiency comparable to that achieved in Gaussian noise.

Harry, I. W.; Fairhurst, S. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Queens Buildings, The Parade, Cardiff, CF24 3AA (United Kingdom)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

Compact light source performance in recessed type luminaires  

SciTech Connect

Photometric comparisons were made with an indoor, recessed, type luminaire using incandescent, high intensity discharge and compact fluorescent lamps. The test results show substantial performance advantages, as expected, for the discharge light sources where the efficacy gains can be in the order for 400% even when including the ballast losses associated with the discharge lamps. The candlepower distribution patterns emerging from these luminaries are also different from those associated with the baseline incandescent lamps, and which are in some ways, even more desirable from a uniformity of illuminance perspective. A section on fluorescent lamp starting is also included which describes a system having excellent starting characteristics in terms of electrode starting temperature (RH/RC technique), proper operating frequency to minimize unwanted IR interactions, and satisfactory current crest factor values to help insure life performance.

Hammer, E.E.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Nonconformally flat initial data for binary compact objects  

SciTech Connect

A new method is described for constructing initial data for a binary neutron-star system in quasiequilibrium circular orbit. Two formulations for nonconformally flat data, waveless and near-zone helically symmetric, are introduced; in each formulation, the Einstein-Euler system, written in 3+1 form on an asymptotically flat spacelike hypersurface, is exactly solved for all metric components, including the spatially nonconformally flat potentials, and for irrotational flow. A numerical method applicable to both formulations is explained with an emphasis on the imposition of a spatial gauge condition. Results are shown for solution sequences of irrotational binary neutron-stars with matter approximated by parametrized equations of state that use a few segments of polytropic equations of state. The binding energy and total angular momentum of solution sequences computed within the conformally flat--Isenberg-Wilson-Mathews--formulation are closer to those of the third post-Newtonian (3PN) two point particles up to the closest orbits, for the more compact stars, whereas sequences resulting from the waveless/near-zone helically symmetric formulations deviate from the 3PN curve even more for the sequences with larger compactness. We think it likely that this correction reflects an overestimation in the Isenberg-Wilson-Mathews formulation as well as in the 3PN formula, by {approx}1 cycle in the gravitational-wave phase during the last several orbits. The work suggests that imposing spatial conformal flatness results in an underestimate of the quadrupole deformation of the components of binary neutron-star systems in the last few orbits prior to merger.

Uryu, Koji [Department of Physics, University of the Ryukyus, Senbaru, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0213 (Japan); Limousin, Francois; Gourgoulhon, Eric [Laboratoire Univers et Theories, UMR 8102 du CNRS, Observatoire de Paris, Universite Paris Diderot, F-92190 Meudon (France); Friedman, John L. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, P.O. Box 413, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201 (United States); Shibata, Masaru [Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

436

Systems Analysis of a Compact Next Step Burning Plasma Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new burning plasma systems code (BPSC) has been developed for analysis of a next step compact burning plasma experiment with copper-alloy magnet technology. We consider two classes of configurations: Type A, with the toroidal field (TF) coils and ohmic heating (OH) coils unlinked, and Type B, with the TF and OH coils linked. We obtain curves of the minimizing major radius as a function of aspect ratio R(A) for each configuration type for typical parameters. These curves represent, to first order, cost minimizing curves, assuming that device cost is a function of major radius. The Type B curves always lie below the Type A curves for the same physics parameters, indicating that they lead to a more compact design. This follows from that fact that a high fraction of the inner region, r < R-a, contains electrical conductor material. However, the fact that the Type A OH and TF magnets are not linked presents fewer engineering challenges and should lead to a more reliable design. Both the Type A and Type B curves have a minimum in major radius R at a minimizing aspect ratio A typically above 2.8 and at high values of magnetic field B above 10 T. The minimizing A occurs at larger values for longer pulse and higher performance devices. The larger A and higher B design points also have the feature that the ratio of the discharge time to the current redistribution time is largest so that steady-state operation can be more realistically prototyped. A sensitivity study is presented for the baseline Type A configuration showing the dependence of the results on the parameters held fixed for the minimization study.

S.C. Jardin; C.E. Kessel; D. Meade; C. Neumeyer

2002-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

437

Numerical Analysis of a Multi-Row Multi-Column Compact Heat Exchanger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical Analysis of a Multi-Row Multi-Column Compact Heat Exchanger Ashkan Motamedi1, Arturo of a compact heat exchanger to analyze the interaction between the fluid and its geometry. The overall as the inner-tube fluid. Two heat exchanger configurations, in which the tube arrangement is either in

Pacheco, Jose Rafael

438

The intercellular organization of the two muscular systems in the adult salmonid heart, the compact  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The intercellular organization of the two muscular systems in the adult salmonid heart, the compact of the salmonid heart consists of an outer compact layer of circumferentially arranged cardio- myocytes encasing. While many studies have detailed the anatomical structure of fish hearts, few have considered how

Vellend, Mark

439

Fourth-order alternating direction implicit compact finite difference schemes for two-dimensional Schrdinger equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, alternating direction implicit compact finite difference schemes are devised for the numerical solution of two-dimensional Schrodinger equations. The convergence rates of the present schemes are of order O(h^4+@t^2). Numerical experiments ... Keywords: ADI compact difference scheme, Conservation law, Error estimate, Schrdinger equation

Zhen Gao; Shusen Xie

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

THE ASTROPHYSICS OF ULTRA-COMPACT BINARIES A WHITE PAPER FOR THE ASTRO2010 DECADAL REVIEW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE ASTROPHYSICS OF ULTRA-COMPACT BINARIES A WHITE PAPER FOR THE ASTRO2010 DECADAL REVIEW G interact- ing AM CVn stars, ultra-compact X-ray binaries, detached double white dwarfs, double neutron stars, white dwarf/neutron star binaries and as yet unobserved binaries such as black holes with neutron

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441

Nano-compact disks with 400 Gbit/in2 storage density fabricated  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nano-compact disks with 400 Gbit/in2 storage density fabricated using nanoimprint lithography and read with proximal probe Peter R. Kraussa) and Stephen Y. Choub) NanoStructure Laboratory, Department for publication 30 September 1997 Nano-compact disks Nano-CDs with 400 Gbit/in2 topographical bit density nearly

442

Specification-based Compaction of Directed Tests for Functional Validation of Pipelined Processors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Set Test Generation Processor Specification Compaction (States & Transitions) Coverage Model (FSM states/transitions) Processor Model (FSM) Figure 1: Functional test compaction methodology Figure 1 shows of a processor, we create a finite state machine (FSM) model and define FSM state and transition coverage metrics

Mishra, Prabhat

443

Location-based services to control roller compaction quality for rock-fill dams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is very important for rock-fill dams to carry out more accurately monitoring and remotely quality controlling in real time. Based on location based services, an integration platform, with the name of CRCQ-DAM, is proposed to control roller compaction ... Keywords: RTK, WebGIS, location-based services, rock-fill dams, roller compaction quality

Hao Wu; Qiankun Wang; Jiru Zhang; Qin Chen; Xupeng Wang

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

DOE Withdraws the Energy Star Label from 34 Compact Fluorescent Light Bulbs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Energy Star Label from 34 Compact Fluorescent the Energy Star Label from 34 Compact Fluorescent Light Bulbs DOE Withdraws the Energy Star Label from 34 Compact Fluorescent Light Bulbs January 26, 2010 - 11:41am Addthis Washington, DC - On January 25th, the General Counsel notified 25 manufacturers that the Department of Energy has withdrawn their right to use the Energy Star label on 34 different models of compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs). The Department took this action after its off-the-shelf testing revealed that the affected models do not last as long in regular use as Energy Star certification would require. As a result, these manufacturers have been informed that they can no longer ship or sell any of the 34 models of CFLs bearing the Energy Star label on the bulb or its packaging. All compact fluorescent light bulbs use about 75 percent less energy and

445

A Compact High Energy Camera for the Cherenkov Telescope Array  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Compact High Energy Camera (CHEC) is a camera-development project involving UK, US, Japanese and Dutch institutes for the dual-mirror Small-Sized Telescopes (SST-2M) of the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA). Two CHEC prototypes, based on different photosensors are funded and will be assembled and tested in the UK over the next ~18 months. CHEC is designed to record flashes of Cherenkov light lasting from a few to a hundred nanoseconds, with typical RMS image width and length of ~0.2 x 1.0 degrees, and has a 9 degree field of view. The physical camera geometry is dictated by the telescope optics: a curved focal surface with radius of curvature 1m and diameter ~35cm is required. CHEC is designed to work with both the ASTRI and GATE SST-2M telescope structures and will include an internal LED flasher system for calibration. The first CHEC prototype will be based on multi-anode photomultipliers (MAPMs) and the second on silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs or MPPCs). The first prototype will soon be installed on the...

Daniel, M K; Berge, D; Buckley, J; Chadwick, P M; Cotter, G; Funk, S; Greenshaw, T; Hidaka, N; Hinton, J; Lapington, J; Markoff, S; Moore, P; Nolan, S; Ohm, S; Okumura, A; Ross, D; Sapozhnikov, L; Schmoll, J; Sutcliffe, P; Sykes, J; Tajima, H; Varner, G S; Vandenbroucke, J; Vink, J; Williams, D

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

A compact neutron detector for a geology application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors recently designed and built a compact neutron detector for a geology experiment. The detector had to fit inside a 1.5-in.-diam borehole in a large block of concrete. They attached a gas-filled, 1-in.-diam {sup 3}He tube to a 1-in.-diam electronics preamplifier package of their design. The electronics package consists of a cylindrically shaped, high-voltage section and a single-channel analyzer with a buffered output. The low-voltage components are mounted on a printed-circuit board. The circuit board and the high-voltage section are attached to a semicylindrical base. The outputs consist of a light-emitting diode for visual observations and a fixed-width, TTL-compatible pulse for a counter. This internal assembly is equipped with coaxial connectors and slips into a thin-walled tube that serves as the preamplifier housing. Power for a detector is supplied by an external, high-voltage supply and a 5-Vdc supply.

Biddle, R.S.; Collinsworth, P.R.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

447

On the Evolution of Helium in Blue Compact Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the chemical evolution of dwarf irregular and blue compact galaxies in light of recent data, new stellar yields and chemical evolution models. We examine the abundance data for evidence of HII region self-enrichment effects, which would lead to correlations in the scatter of helium, nitrogen, and oxygen abundances around their mean trends. The observed helium abundance trends show no such correlations, though the nitrogen--oxygen trend does show strong evidence for real scatter beyond observational error. We construct simple models for the chemical evolution of these galaxies, using the most recent yields of \\he4, C, N and O in intermediate- and high-mass stars. The effects of galactic outflows, which can arise both from bulk heating and evaporation of the ISM, and from the partial escape of enriched supernova ejecta are included. In agreement with other studies, we find that supernova-enriched outflows can roughly reproduce the observed He, C, N, and O trends; however, in models that fit N versus O, the slopes $\\Delta Y/\\Delta$O and $\\Delta Y/\\Delta$N consistently fall more than $2\\sigma$ below the fit to observations. We discuss the role of the models and their uncertainties in the extrapolation of primordial helium from the data. We also explore the model dependence arising nucleosynthesis uncertainties associated with nitrogen yields in intermediate mass stars, the fate of $8-11 \\msol$ stars, and massive star winds.

Brian D. Fields; Keith A. Olive

1998-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

448

A Plastic-Core Compact Heat Exchanger for Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes a compact, single-pass, cross-flow type, gas-to-gas heat exchanger with a polyolefin (polyethylene or polypropylene) core whose seams are welded through a proprietary process. It is constructed of several extruded polyolefin sheets with passageway cross-section of 4 mm (0.159 inch) by 4.4 mm (0.173 inch) which are separated by ribs of the same material that form the cross-flow passages of 137 mm (5.4 inches) by 3.8 mm (0.15 inch). The overall dimensions of a typical single-core unit are 1676 mm (5.5 ft) x 1219 mm (4 ft) x 3048 mm (10 ft) high including the core, the supply, and exhaust gas assemblies. The efficiency of this heat exchanger is on the order of 60-80% and it does not deteriorate with time because the exposed surfaces tend to resist fouling. Pressure drop was in the range of 0.2 -0.6 inches of water column. Applications include efficiency improvements in boiler and HVAC operations, drying, food processing, and the paper, chemical, and agricultural industries.

Lazaridis, A.; Rafailidis, E.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Compact Beta Particle/Positron Imager for Plant Biology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 11CO2 tracer is used to facilitate plant biology research towards optimization of plant productivity, biofuel development and carbon sequestration in biomass. Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging has been used to study carbon transport in live plants using 11CO2. Plants typically have very thin leaves resulting in little medium for the emitted positrons to undergo an annihilation event. For the emitted positron from 11C decay approximately 1mm of water equivalent material is needed for positron annihilation. Thus most of the positrons do not annihilate inside the leaf, resulting in limited sensitivity for PET imaging. To address this problem we have developed a compact beta-positive beta-minus particle (BPBM) imager for 11CO2 leaf imaging. The detector is based on a Hamamatsu H8500 position sensitive photomultiplier tube optically coupled via optical grease and a 3mm thick glass plate to a 0.5mm thick Eljin EJ-212 plastic scintillator. The detector is equipped with a flexible arm to allow its placement and orientation on the leaf of the plant of interest while maintaining the leaf's original orientation. We are planning to utilize the imaging device at the Duke University Phytotron to investigate dynamic carbon transport differences between invasive and native species.

Weisenberger, Andrew; Lee, Seung Joon; McKisson, John; Xi, Wenze; Zorn, Carl; Stolin, Alexander; Majewski, Stan; Majewski, Stanislaw; Howell, Calvin; Crowell, Alec

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

PU(2) Monopoles, I: Regularity, Uhlenbeck Compactness, and Transversality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove the existence of perturbations for the PU(2) monopole equations, yielding transversality on the complement of the anti-self-dual or reducible solutions, and the existence of an Uhlenbeck compactification for the moduli space of solutions to these perturbed PU(2) monopole equations. In December 1994, V. Pidstrigach and A. Tyurin and then others proposed a method to prove Witten's conjecture concerning the relation between the Donaldson and Seiberg-Witten invariants of smooth four-manifolds. Their proposal uses a moduli space of solutions to the PU(2) monopole equations, which are a natural generalization of the U(1) monopole equations of Seiberg and Witten and the equation for anti-self-dual SO(3) connections, to construct a cobordism between links of compact moduli spaces of U(1) monopoles of Seiberg-Witten type and the moduli space of anti-self-dual connections, which appear as singularities in this larger moduli space. A basic requirement of this cobordism technique is the existence of an Uhlenbeck compactification for the moduli space of PU(2) monopoles and of generic-parameter transversality results for all the moduli spaces of PU(2) monopoles which appear in this compactification, on the complement of the anti-self-dual and U(1) solutions.

Paul M. N. Feehan; Thomas G. Leness

1997-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

451

From Nearby to High Redshift Compact Group of Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nearby Compact Groups of Galaxies (CGs) are very complex systems, tracing their history is a challenge (e.g. Stephan's Quintet). The presence of a diffuse X-rays emission that often peaks in the center of CGs shows that CGs are bound structures, they show numerous signs of interaction but their lifetime in much longer than their crossing times. Hickson CGs clearly show different stages of evolution, from weakly interacting galaxies to merging systems. CGs infalling into clusters may provide a mechanism to form clusters at high redshifts (e.g. in A1367). Massive versions of today's CGs may have been the best candidate precursors of fossil groups. Do CGs mimic the high redshift universe? This is still an open question. Indeed, their high density and low velocity dispersion should induce a high interaction rate and fast merging, CGs are nevertheless long-lived structures. On the other hand, there is probably no (or a few) isolated CGs in the high z universe. CGs may fuel high z clusters, they may produce fossil ...

Amram, P; De Oliveira, C M; Plana, H; Epinat, B; Amram, Philippe; Balkowski, Chantal; Oliveira, Claudia Mendes de; Plana, Henri; Epinat, Benoit

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

From Nearby to High Redshift Compact Group of Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nearby Compact Groups of Galaxies (CGs) are very complex systems, tracing their history is a challenge (e.g. Stephan's Quintet). The presence of a diffuse X-rays emission that often peaks in the center of CGs shows that CGs are bound structures, they show numerous signs of interaction but their lifetime in much longer than their crossing times. Hickson CGs clearly show different stages of evolution, from weakly interacting galaxies to merging systems. CGs infalling into clusters may provide a mechanism to form clusters at high redshifts (e.g. in A1367). Massive versions of today's CGs may have been the best candidate precursors of fossil groups. Do CGs mimic the high redshift universe? This is still an open question. Indeed, their high density and low velocity dispersion should induce a high interaction rate and fast merging, CGs are nevertheless long-lived structures. On the other hand, there is probably no (or a few) isolated CGs in the high z universe. CGs may fuel high z clusters, they may produce fossil groups and fossil ellipticals. CGs at high z are difficult to detect and are still to be discovered. Interpretation of distant kinematics of galaxies may need nearby sample of galaxies to disentangle beam-smearing from evolutionary effects (e.g. HCG 31). Beam smearing effects may bias the Tully-Fisher relation (shifted towards lower M/L).

Philippe Amram; Chantal Balkowski; Claudia Mendes de Oliveira; Henri Plana; Benoit Epinat

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

453

Compact, energy EFFICIENT neutron source: enabling technology for various applications  

SciTech Connect

A novel neutron source comprising of a deuterium beam (energy of about 100 KeV) injected into a tube filled with tritium gas and/or tritium plasma that generates D-T fusion reactions, whose products are 14.06 MeV neutrons and 3.52 MeV alpha particles, is described. At the opposite end of the tube, the energy of deuterium ions that did not interact is recovered. Beryllium walls of proper thickness can be utilized to absorb 14 MeV neutrons and release 2-3 low energy neutrons. Each ion source and tube forms a module. Larger systems can be formed from multiple units. Unlike currently proposed methods, where accelerator-based neutron sources are very expensive, large, and require large amounts of power for operation, this neutron source is compact, inexpensive, easy to test and to scale up. Among possible applications for this neutron source concept are sub-critical nuclear breeder reactors and transmutation of radioactive waste.

Hershcovitch, A.; Roser, T.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

THE GALFA-H I COMPACT CLOUD CATALOG  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a catalog of 1964 isolated, compact neutral hydrogen clouds from the Galactic Arecibo L-Band Feed Array Survey Data Release One. The clouds were identified by a custom machine-vision algorithm utilizing the difference of Gaussian kernels to search for clouds smaller than 20'. The clouds have velocities typically between |V{sub LSR}| =20 and 400 km s{sup -1}, line widths of 2.5-35 km s{sup -1}, and column densities ranging from 1 to 35 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 18} cm{sup -2}. The distances to the clouds in this catalog may cover several orders of magnitude, so the masses may range from less than a solar mass for clouds within the Galactic disk, to greater than 10{sup 4} M{sub Sun} for high-velocity clouds (HVCs) at the tip of the Magellanic Stream. To search for trends, we separate the catalog into five populations based on position, velocity, and line width: HVCs; galaxy candidates; cold low-velocity clouds (LVCs); warm, low positive-velocity clouds in the third Galactic quadrant; and the remaining warm LVCs. The observed HVCs are found to be associated with previously identified HVC complexes. We do not observe a large population of isolated clouds at high velocities as some models predict. We see evidence for distinct histories at low velocities in detecting populations of clouds corotating with the Galactic disk and a set of clouds that is not corotating.

Saul, Destry R.; Peek, J. E. G.; Grcevich, J.; Putman, M. E.; Brown, A. R. H.; Hamden, E. T. [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Douglas, K. A. [Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary/Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory, P.O. Box 248, Penticton, BC V2A 6J9 (Canada); Korpela, E. J. [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Stanimirovic, S.; Lee, M.; Burkhart, B.; Pingel, N. M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 475 N Charter St, Madison, WI 53703 (United States); Heiles, C. [Radio Astronomy Lab, UC Berkeley, 601 Campbell Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Gibson, S. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY 42101 (United States); Begum, A. [Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, ITI Campus (Gas Rahat) Building, Govindpura, Bhopal-23 (India); Tonnesen, S. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

455

Population dynamics and movements of the Kemp's ridley sea turtle, lepidochelys kempii, in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Kemps ridley sea turtle, Lepidochelys kempii, is recovering from devastating declines that reduced nesting activity from a single-day estimate of 10,000- 40,000 females in 1947 to fewer than 300 during all of 1985. Nesting beach monitoring is crucial to estimating population size and reproductive activity, but in-water data are essential for understanding population dynamics and evaluating management strategies. Hook-and-line, stranding, and nesting records, satellite telemetry, and diet analyses were used to characterize ridley population dynamics and movements in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico during 2003-2007. Recreational hook-and-line captures comprised approximately one third of non-nesting encounters along Galveston and Jefferson Counties, Texas. The hook-and-line dataset displayed similar geographical and monthly trends to that of strandings, but was devoid of pelagic-stage, subadult, and adult ridleys. Coastal and bay waters along the upper Texas and western Louisiana coasts were utilized by immature ridleys during warmer months. Nesting occurred along Galveston Island on both armored and unarmored beaches. Inter-nesting females exhibited fidelity to Galveston during nesting season and subsequently migrated to federal waters offshore Louisiana. Crabs were important components of benthic-stage (>25 cm SCL) ridley diet, while worm tubes were targeted by some individuals. Short satellite track durations for immature ridleys precipitated examinations of biofouling, attachment protocols, and turtle excluder device (TED) interactions. Antifouling paints drastically reduced fouling of transmitters. A less-rigid neoprene attachment method was developed to increase transmitter retention on fast-growing juveniles, but further trials are necessary. Transmitters were not damaged or lost during TED trials, but turtle escape times increased when transmitters wedged between TED bars. Projected population growth will increase numbers of Kemps ridleys utilizing the Gulf of Mexico and interacting with human activities. Future research should examine year-round distribution and abundance of all life history stages and further characterize recreational hook-and-line capture, nesting activity, movements, and diet. Education efforts targeting the beach-going public, beach residents and workers, and the recreational fishing sector should be employed to promote sea turtle reporting and minimize negative interactions. State and federal managers should examine anthropogenic impacts within the region and determine the need for mitigation and/or regulations to promote continued species recovery.

Seney, Erin Elizabeth

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Impacts of Sedimentation from Oil and Gas Development on Stream Macroinvertebrates in Two Adjacent Watersheds of the Allegheny National Forest of Northwestern Pennsylvania  

SciTech Connect

Fritz, Kelley'*, Steven Harris', Harry Edenborn2, and James Sams2. 'Clarion University of Pennsylvania, Clarion, PA 16214, 2National Energy Technology Laboratory, U.S. Dept. Energy, Pittsburgh, PA 15236. Impacts a/Sedimentation/rom Oil and Gas Development on Stream Macroinvertebrates in Two Adjacent Watersheds a/the Allegheny National Forest a/Northwestern Pennsylvania - The Allegheny National Forest (ANF), located in northwestern Pennsy Ivania, is a multiuse forest combining commercial development with recreational and conservation activities. As such, portions of the ANF have been heavily logged and are now the subject of widespread oil and gas development. This rapid increase in oil and gas development has led to concerns about sediment runoff from the dirt and gravel roads associated with development and the potential impact on the aquatic biota of the receiving streams. We examined and compared the benthic macroinvertebrate communities in two adjacent watersheds of similar size and topography in the ANF; the Hedgehog Run watershed has no oil and gas development, while the adjacent Grunder Run watershed has extensive oil and gas development. In Hedgehog and Grunder Run, we collected monthly kicknet samples from riffles and glides at two sites from April to October 2010. At the same intervals, we measured standard water quality parameters, including conductivity and turbidity. Preliminary results have indicated much higher turbidity in Grunder Run, but little difference in the diversity and abundance of benthic macro invertebrates inhabiting the two streams.

Fritz, K.; Harris, S.; Edenborn, H.M.; Sams, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Railroad accident report: Head-on collision between Iowa Interstate Railroad Extra 470 West and Extra 406 East with release of hazardous materials near Altoona, Iowa, on July 30, 1988. Irregular report  

SciTech Connect

About 11:40 a.m. central daylight saving time on July 30, 1988, Iowa Interstate Railroad Ltd. (IAIS) freight trains Extra 470 West and Extra 406 East collided head on within the yard limits of Altoona, Iowa, about 10 miles east of Des Moines, Iowa. All 5 locomotive units from both trains; 11 cars of Extra 406 East; and 3 cars, including two tank cars containing denatured alcohol, of Extra 470 West derailed. The denatured alcohol, which was released through the pressure relief valves and the manway domes of the two derailed tank cars, was ignited by the fire resulting from the collision of the locomotives. Both crew members of Extra 470 West were fatally injured; the two crew members of Extra 406 East were only slightly injured. The estimated damage (including lading) as a result of this accident exceeded $1 million. The major safety issues in the accident include operational methods employed by the IAIS, training and selection of train and engine personnel, supervisory oversight by the IAIS, design of closure fittings on hazardous materials rail tanks, and oversight of regional railroads by the Federal Railroad Administration.

Not Available

1989-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

458

Sintering of compacts of UN, (U,Pu)N, and PuN  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

>A method is provided for preparing a densified compact of a metal nitride selected from the group consisting of UN, (U,Pu)N, and PuN which comprises heating a green compact of at least one selected nitride in the mononitride single-phase region, as displayed by a phase diagram of the mononitride of said compact, in a nitrogen atmosphere at a pressure of nitrogen less than 760 torr. At a given temperature, this process produces a singlephase structure and a maximal sintered density as measured by mercury displacement. (Official Gazette)

Tennery, V.J.; Godfrey, T.G.; Bomar, E.S.

1973-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

459

Software Development for a CompactRIO-Based Wire Scanner Control and Data Acquisition SYstem  

SciTech Connect

The Beam Diagnostics and Instrumentation Team at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center is developing a wire scanner data acquisition and control system with a National Instrument's compactRIO at its core. For this application, the compactRIO controller not only requires programming the FPGA and RT computer internal to the compactRIO, but also requires programming a client computer and a touch panel display. This article will summarize the hardware interfaces and describe the software design approach utilized for programming and interfacing the four systems together in order to fulfill the design requirements and promote reliable interoperability.

Sedillo, James Daniel [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

460

The effects of supply harmonics on the performance of compact fluorescent lamps  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a performance evaluation of ten compact fluorescent lighting systems operated with sinusoidal and distorted voltage waveform conditions. The lamps were either provided with an electronic ballast, a magnetic core ballast or a magnetic core ballast with a power factor correction circuit. The test results show that the electrical performance of the compact fluorescent lamps for both sinusoidal and distorted voltage waveform operation is related to the different types of ballast used. The cost of operation of these compact fluorescent lamps was calculated and compared to the cost of a conventional 60 W incandescent lamp.

Arseneau, R.; Ouellette, M.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

EPRI Transmission Line Reference Book (Blue Book): 115-345 kV Compact Line Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is an updated edition of the industry standard on overhead line compaction, the EPRI Transmission Line Reference Book: 115-138 kV Compact Line Design, commonly known as the Blue Book, which was last published in 1978. Publication of this new edition is the culmination of three years of research by a team of experts in the field. The report includes the latest information on research, technology, materials, and utility experience with compact lines. Note that this electronic report is being pu...

2007-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

462

The Nature of the Activity in Hickson Compact Groups of Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of the spectral classification of the 82 brightest galaxies in a sample of 17 compact groups. We verify that the AGNs are preferentially located in the most early-type and luminous galaxies of the groups, as is usually observed in the field. But these AGNs also appear to be systematically concentrated towards the central parts of the groups. Our observations suggest a correlation between activity types, morphologies and densities of galaxies in the compact groups. This is consistent with a scenario in which galaxies of compact groups evolve by interacting with their environment and are currently in a quiet phase of their activity

Roger Coziol; Andr L. B. Ribeiro; Reinaldo R. de Carvalho; Hugo V. Capelato

1997-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

463

Unsaturated hydraulic conductivity of compacted sand-kaolin mixtures  

SciTech Connect

The unsaturated hydraulic conductivity of compacted sand-kaolin mixtures containing 0, 5, 10, and 30% kaolin (by dry weight) is measured for matric suctions, {psi}{sub m} < {approximately} 6.0 m. The measured unsaturated hydraulic conductivity (k{sub m}) values are compared with predicted unsaturated hydraulic conductivity (k{sub p}) values using the Brooks-Corey-Burdine and van Genuchten-Mualem relative hydraulic conductivity functions. In general, the accuracy of k{sub p} decreases with an increase in kaolin content or an increase in {psi}{sub m}. In addition, k{sub m} tends to be underpredicted for kaolin contents of 10 and 30% at relatively high suctions (1.0 m {le} {psi}{sub m} {le} 6.0 m) and overpredicted for kaolin contents of 0 and 5% at relatively low suctions (0.1 m {le} {psi}{sub m} < 1.0 m). For a given kaolin content and {psi}{sub m}, k{sub p} based on the Brooks-Corey-Burdine function tends to be more accurate than k{sub m} based on the van Genuchten-Mualem function. Finally, for 1.0 m {le} {psi}{sub m} {le} 6.0 m, k{sub p} based on analysis using the maximum volumetric water content ({theta}{sub m}) attained under steady-state flow conditions typically is more accurate than k{sub p} based on analysis using the saturated volumetric water content, {theta}{sub s}, where {theta}{sub m} {approximately} 84--90% of {theta}{sub s} in this study.

Chiu, T.F. [Genesis Group, Taipei (Taiwan, Province of China); Shackelford, C.D. [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Observations and Inferred Physical Characteristics of Compact Intracloud Discharges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Compact intracloud discharges (CIDS) represent a distinct class of electrical discharges that occur within intense regions of thunderstorms. They are singular discharges that produce brief (typically 3 s in duration) broadband RF emissions that are 20 to 30 dB more powerful than radiation from all other recorded lightning processes in the HF and VHF radio spectrum. Far field electric field change recordings of CIDS consist of a single, large-amplitude bipolar pulse that begins to rise during the RF-producing phase of the CID and typically lasts for 20 s. During the summer of 1998 we operated a 4-station array of electric field change meters in New Mexico to support FORTE satellite observations of transient RF and optical sources and to learn more about the phenomenology and physical characteristics of CIDS. Over 800 CIDS were detected and located during the campaign. The events were identified on the basis of their unique field change waveforms. CID source heights determined using the relative delays of ionospherically reflected source emissions were typically between 4 and 11 km above ground level. Events of both positive and negative polarity were observed with events' of initially- negative polarity (indicative of discharges occurring between underlying positive and overlying negative charge) occurring at slightly higher altitudes. Within CID field change waveforms the CID pulse was often followed within a few ms by one or more smaller-amplitude pulses. We associate these subsequent pulses with the initial activity of a "normal" intracloud flash, the inference being that some fraction of the time, a CID initiates an intracloud lightning flash.

Argo, P.E.; Eack, K.B.; Holden, D.N.; Massey, R.S.; Shao, X.; Smith, D.A.; Wiens, K.C.

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Chemical Evolution of Dwarf Spheroidal and Blue Compact Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We studied the chemical evolution of Dwarf Spheroidal (dSph) and Blue Compact Galaxies (BCGs) by means of comparison between the predictions of chemical evolution models and several observed abundance ratios. Detailed models with up to date nucleosynthesis taking into account the role played by supernovae of different types (II, Ia) were developed for both types of galaxies allowing us to follow the evolution of several chemical elements. The models are specified by the prescriptions of the star formation (SF) and galactic wind efficiencies chosen to reproduce the main features of these galaxies. We also investigated a possible connection in the evolution of dSph and BCGs and compared the predictions of the models to the abundance ratios observed in Damped Lyman alpha Systems (DLAs). The main conclusions are: i) the observed distribution of [alpha/Fe] vs. [Fe/H] in dSph is mainly a result of the SF rate coupled with the wind efficiency; ii) a low SF efficiency and a high wind efficiency are required to reproduce the observational data for dSph; iii) the low gas content of these galaxies is the result of the combined action of gas consumption by SF and gas removal by galactic winds; iv) the BCGs abundance ratios are reproduced by models with 2 to 7 bursts of SF with low efficiencies ; v) the low values of N/O observed in BCGs are the natural result of a bursting SF; vi) a connection between dSph and BCGs in an unified evolutionary scenario is unlikely; vii) the models for the dSph and BCGs imply different formation scenarios for the DLAs; viii) a suitable amount of primary N produced in massive stars can be perhaps an explanation for the low plateau in the [N/$\\alpha$] distribution observed in DLAs, if real.

Gustavo A. Lanfranchi; Francesca Matteucci

2003-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

466

Conservation potential of compact fluorescent lamps in India and Brazil  

SciTech Connect

We evaluate the conservation potential of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) for managing the rapidly increasing electrical energy and peak demand in India and Brazil. Using very conservative assumptions, we find that the cost of conserved energy using 16 W CFLs is 4 and 6 times less than the long range marginal cost of electricity for the two countries. The cost of avoided peak installed capacity is 6 and 9.5 times less than the cost of new installed capacity for India and Brazil. The analysis is undertaken from the three separate perspectives of the national economies, the consumers, and the utilities. We find that because residential electricity is subsidized, the consumers have little or no incentive to purchase and install the CFLs, unless they too are subsidized. However, the benefits of CFL installation to the utility are so large that subsidizing them is a paying proposition for the utility are so large that subsidizing them is a paying proposition for the utility in almost all cases. As an illustration of a gradual introduction strategy for CFLs, we calculate a scenario where national savings of the order of US $1.2 million per day for India and US $2.5 million per day for Brazil are reached in 10 years by a small and gradual transfer of subsidy from residential electricity to CFLs. We then explore the barriers to immediate large scale introduction of these lamps in the two countries. Specific technical and marketing problems are identified and discussed, which would require solution before such an introduction can be attempted. Lastly, we discuss the range of policy instruments, in addition to a subsidy scheme, that can be used for promoting the diffusion of these lamps in the domestic and commercial sector. 47 refs., 15 figs., 2 tabs.

Gadgil, A.; Martino Jannuzzi, G. de (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA); Universidade Estadual de Campinas, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Engenharia)

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Project Brief: Northwestern University  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... THE SCIENCE OF CONCRETE WITH FLY ASHFUNDAMENTAL MODELS THAT ENABLE NEW TECHNOLOGY FOR EXPANDED USE OF FLY ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

468

Northwestern University Transportation Center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the piezoelectric system, value of avoided inspection costs for the roadway or railway, if any. #12;Released CONSULTANT REPORT Assessment of Piezoelectric Materials for Roadway Energy Harvesting Cost of Energy Commission seeks to better understand the current status of piezoelectric-based energy-harvesting technology

MacIver, Malcolm A.

469

Compact biocompatible quantum dots via RAFT-mediated synthesis of imidazole-based random copolymer ligand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new class of polymeric ligands for quantum dot (QD) water solubilization to yield biocompatible and derivatizable QDs with compact size (10?12 nm diameter), high quantum yields (>50%), excellent stability ...

Liu, Wenhao

470

Wigner transform and pseudodifferential operators on symmetric spaces of non-compact type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain a general expression for a Wigner transform (Wigner function) on symmetric spaces of non-compact type and study the Weyl calculus of pseudodifferential operators on them.

S. Twareque Ali; Miroslav Englis

2011-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

471

Rock compressibility, compaction, and subsidence in a high-porosity Chalk Reservoir  

SciTech Connect

A case study of the North Sea Valhall chalk reservoir demonstrates the significant impact that rock compressibility can have on field performance. Porosity reduction, reservoir interval compaction, and seabed subsidence have been observed in conjunction with reservoir pressure depletion. Full-diameter samples from a recently cut core of the unconsolidated high-porosity chalk were subjected to a series of uniaxial-strain experiments to determine compaction and PV compressibility. The laboratory measurements were corrected to field stress rates and pressure, and porosity-dependent rock-compressibility curves were developed. The uniaxial compaction data were used both in a reservoir model to recognize the significant additional reservoir energy resulting from the lithic drive of large-scale rock compaction and in a subsidence model to predict the impact of reservoir depletion on seabed displacements.

Ruddy, I. (Amoco Norway Oil Co. (US)); Andersen, M.A.; Pattillo, P.D.; Bishiawi, M. (Amoco Production Co., Tulsa, OK (USA)); Foged, N. (Danish Geotechnical Inst. (US))

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Discharge characteristics and dynamics of compressive plasma streams generated by a compact magnetoplasma compressor  

SciTech Connect

Results from experimental studies of a compact magnetoplasma compressor designed for operation with heavy gases are presented. The integral characteristics of the discharge and the energy contents and other parameters of the generated xenon plasma streams are determined.

Garkusha, I. E.; Tereshin, V. I.; Chebotarev, V. V.; Solyakov, D. G.; Petrov, Yu. V.; Ladygina, M. S.; Marchenko, A. K.; Staltsov, V. V.; Yelisyeyev, D. V. [National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Plasma Physics, National Science Center 'Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology,' (Ukraine)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

473

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE LETTERS 17 (1998) 17231725 Computer simulation of powder compaction of spherical particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in material industries. A good example is the compaction of ceramic or metallic powders to make green com- cles. However, as most metallic and ceramic powder systems used in industry are polydispersed and can

Ekere, Ndy

474

An ultra-compact and efficient Li-ion battery charger circuit for biomedical applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes an ultra-compact analog lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery charger for wirelessly powered implantable medical devices. The charger presented here takes advantage of the tanh output current profile of an ...

Do Valle, Bruno Guimaraes

475

Growth of compaction bands: A new deformation mode for porous rock  

SciTech Connect

Compaction bands are thin, tabular zones of grain breakage and reduced porosity that are found in sandstones. These structures may form due to tectonic stresses or as a result of local stresses induced during production of fluids from wells, resulting in barriers to fluid (oil, gas, water) movement in sandstone reservoirs. To gain insight into the formation of compaction bands the authors have produced them in the laboratory. Acoustic emission locations were used to define and track the thickness of compaction bands throughout the stress history during axisymmetric compression experiments. Narrow zones of intense acoustic emission, demarcating the boundaries between the uncompacted and compacted regions were found to develop. Unexpectedly, these boundaries moved at velocities related to the fractional porosity reduction across the boundary and to the imposed specimen compression stress. This appears to be a previously unrecognized, fundamental mode of deformation of a porous, granular material subjected to compressive loading with significant implications for the production of hydrocarbons.

OLSSON,WILLIAM A.; HOLCOMB,DAVID J.

2000-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

476

Improving the dynamic hierarchical compact clustering algorithm by using feature selection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feature selection has improved the performance of text clustering. In this paper, a local feature selection technique is incorporated in the dynamic hierarchical compact clustering algorithm to speed up the computation of similarities. We also present ...

Reynaldo Gil-Garca; Aurora Pons-Porrata

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

A Compact Propagation Delay Model for Deep-Submicron CMOS Gates including Crosstalk  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a compact, fully physical, analytical model for the propagation delay and the output transition time of deep-submicron CMOS gates. The model accounts for crosstalk effects, short-circuit currents, the input-output coupling capacitance and ...

J. L. Rossell; J. Segura

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Searches for Gravitational Waves from Compact Binary Coalescences with the LIGO and Virgo Detectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Among the most promising sources of gravitational waves for ground?based detectors are the signals emitted during the coalescence of compact binary systems containing neutron stars or black holes. In recent years

F. Marion; The LIGO Scientific Collaboration; The Virgo Collaboration

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

CompactCities : analyzing the urban spatial structure in cities with growth restrictions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A compact city form is one that espouses high intensity development within a restrictive geographic area. Its perceived benefits include (a) saving agricultural land (b) inducing shorter commute trips, thus less consumption ...

Oberoi, Amit

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

A homogenization approach to the yield strength of spherical powder compacts  

SciTech Connect

Optimal external estimates of the macroscopic strength criteria of a hexagonal array of identical spherical grains, under isostatic and closed die compaction, have been obtained through the use of the kinematic approach of the yield design homogenization method. Two appropriate unit cells, one for each stage compaction (I and II), and eight relevant failure mechanisms are considered. For comparison purposes, numerical simulations based on FEA similar to those of Ogbana and Fleck [1] have also been carried out. The shapes and sizes of the macroscopic yield surfaces are determined at various stages of compaction and it has been found in particular that they depend upon the loading history as well as the relative density of the compact.

Benabbes, A.; Siad, L. [URCA/GRESPI, Universite de Reims, UFR SEN, B.P. 1039, 51687 Reims cedex 2 (France); Dormieux, L. [LMSGC, Ponts ParisTech, cite Descartes, Champs-sur-Marne, F-77455 (France); Liu, W. K. [Northwestern University, DME, Evanston (United States) and SKKU (Korea, Republic of)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interstate compact northwestern" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

A lattice with larger momentum compaction for the NLC main damping rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dynamic aperture of the lattice is probably sufficient,Collider Damping Ring Lattices, PAC01, p.3795. [2] A.LBNL-52579 A LATTICE WITH LARGER MOMENTUM COMPACTION FOR THE

Wolski, Andrzej; Raubenheimer, Tor O.; Woodley, Mark; Wu, Juhao

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Design of a compact high-output monochromatic x-ray source for radiography applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The distinct advantages of monochromatic x rays in medical imaging, especially in computed tomography (CT) and radiography with contrast agents (e.g. angiography), provide a great incentive for developing compact sources of monochromatic, or nearly monochromatic, ...

Tigran Bacarian / F. A. Dilmanian

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Design of compact intermediate heat exchangers for gas cooled fast reactors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two aspects of an intermediate heat exchanger (IHX) for GFR service have been investigated: (1) the intrinsic characteristics of the proposed compact printed circuit heat exchanger (PCHE); and (2) a specific design optimizing ...

Gezelius, Knut, 1978-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Design of a compact, lightweight, and low-cost solar concentrator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this mechanical design project was to improve the current design of large and heavy solar concentrators. The three main design goals were: making the system compact, making the system lightweight, and ...

Gonzlez, Gabriel J. (Gabriel Joe), 1980-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Summary report. Low-level radioactive waste management activities in the states and compacts. Volume 4, No. 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

`Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Activities in the States and Compacts` is a supplement to `LLW Notes` and is distributed periodically by Afton Associates, Inc. to state, compact and federal officials that receive `LLW Notes`. The Low-Level Radioactive Waste Forum (LLW Forum) is an association of state and compact representatives, appointed by governors and compact commissions, established to facilitate state and compact implementation of the Low- Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980 and the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 and to promote the objectives of low-level radioactive waste regional compacts. The LLW Forum provides an opportunity for state and compact officials to share information with one another and to exchange views with officials of federal agencies and other interested parties.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Summary report, low-level radioactive waste management activities in the states and compacts. Vol. 4. No. 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

`Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Activities in the States and Compacts` is a supplement to `LLW Notes` and is distributed periodically by Afton Associates, Inc. to state, compact and federal officials that receive `LLW Notes`. The Low-Level Radioactive Waste Forum (LLW Forum) is an association of state and compact representatives, appointed by governors and compact commissions, established to facilitate state and compact implementation of the Low- Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980 and the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 and to promote the objectives of low-level radioactive waste regional compacts. The LLW Forum provides an opportunity for state and compact officials to share information with one another and to exchange views with officials of federal agencies and other interested parties.

NONE

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

High strength-high conductivity Cu-Fe composites produced by powder compaction/mechanical reduction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A particulate mixture of Cu and Fe is compacted and mechanically reduced to form an ''in-situ'' Cu-Fe composite having high strength and high conductivity. Compaction and mechanical reduction of the particulate mixture are carried out at a temperature and time at temperature selected to avoid dissolution of Fe into the Cu matrix particulates to a harmful extent that substantially degrades the conductivity of the Cu-Fe composite. 5 figures.

Verhoeven, J.D.; Spitzig, W.A.; Gibson, E.D.; Anderson, I.E.

1991-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

488

Novel Compact Accelerator-Based Neutron and Gamma Sources for Future Detector Calibration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Novel ultra-compact, electrically switchable, time-structured/pulsed, ~1-14 MeV-level neutron and photon generators have application embedded into large detector systems, especially calorimeters, for energy and operational calibration. The small sizes are applicable to permanent in-situ deployment, or able to be conveniently inserted into large high energy physics detector systems. For bench- testing of prototypes, or for detector module production testing, these compact n and gamma generators offer advantages.

Jennings, G; Winn, D R

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

High strength-high conductivity Cu--Fe composites produced by powder compaction/mechanical reduction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A particulate mixture of Cu and Fe is compacted and mechanically reduced to form an "in-situ" Cu-Fe composite having high strength and high conductivity. Compaction and mechanical reduction of the particulate mixture are carried out at a temperature and time at temperature selected to avoid dissolution of Fe into the Cu matrix particulates to a harmful extent that substantially degrades the conductivity of the Cu-Fe composite.

Verhoeven, John D. (Ames, IA); Spitzig, William A. (Ames, IA); Gibson, Edwin D. (Ames, IA); Anderson, Iver E. (Ames, IA)

1991-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

490

Compression testing of a sintered Ti6Al4V powder compact for biomedical applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the compression deformation behavior of a Ti6Al4V powder compact, prepared by the sintering of cold compacted atomized spherical particles (100-200 {mu}m) and containing 36-38% porosity, was investigated at quasi-static (1.6x10{sup -3}-1.6x10{sup -1} s{sup -1}) and high strain rates (300 and 900 s{sup -1}) using, respectively, conventional mechanical testing and Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar techniques. Microscopic studies of as-received powder and sintered powder compact showed that sintering at high temperature (1200 deg. C) and subsequent slow rate of cooling in the furnace changed the microstructure of powder from the acicular alpha ({alpha}) to the Widmanstaetten ({alpha}+{beta}) microstructure. In compression testing, at both quasi-static and high strain rates, the compact failed via shear bands formed along the diagonal axis, 45 deg. to the loading direction. Increasing the strain rate was found to increase both the flow stress and compressive strength of the compact but it did not affect the critical strain for shear localization. Microscopic analyses of failed samples and deformed but not failed samples of the compact further showed that fracture occurred in a ductile (dimpled) mode consisting of void initiation and growth in {alpha} phase and/or at the {alpha}/{beta} interface and macrocracking by void coalescence in the interparticle bond region.

Guden, M. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Izmir Institute of Technology, Gulbahce Koyu, Urla, Izmir (Turkey); Center for Materials Research, Izmir Institute of Technology, Gulbahce Koyu, Urla, Izmir (Turkey); E-mail: mustafaguden@iyte.edu.tr; Celik, E. [Materials Science and Engineering Program, Izmir Institute of Technology, Gulbahce Koyu, Urla, Izmir (Turkey); Akar, E. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Izmir Institute of Technology, Gulbahce Koyu, Urla, Izmir (Turkey); Cetiner, S. [Hipokrat A.S., 407/6 Sok., No:10, Pinarbasi, Izmir (Turkey)

2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

491

Compact Fluorescent Plug-In Ballast-in-a-Socket  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary goal of this program was to develop a ballast system for plug-in CFLs (compact fluorescent lamps) that will directly replace standard metal shell, medium base incandescent lampholders (such as Levition No. 6098) for use with portable lamp fixtures, such as floor, table and desk lamps. A secondary goal was to identify a plug-in CFL that is optimized for use with this ballast. This Plug-in CFL Ballastin-a-Socket system will allow fixture manufacturers to easily manufacture CFL-based high-efficacy portable fixtures that provide residential and commercial consumers with attractive, cost-effective, and energy-efficient fixtures for use wherever portable incandescent fixtures are used today. The advantages of this proposed system over existing CFL solutions are that the fixtures can only be used with high-efficacy CFLs, and they will be more attractive and will have lower life-cycle costs than screw-in or adapter-based CFL retrofit solutions. These features should greatly increase the penetration of CFL's into the North American market. Our work has shown that using integrated circuits it is quite feasible to produce a lamp-fixture ballast of a size comparable to the current Edison-screw 3-way incandescent fixtures. As for price points for BIAS-based fixtures, end-users polled by the Lighting Research Institute at RPI indicated that they would pay as much as an additional $10 for a lamp containing such a ballast. The ballast has been optimized to run with a 26 W amalgam triple biax lamp in the base-down position, yet can accept non-amalgam versions of the lamp. With a few part alterations, the ballast can be produced to support 32 W lamps as well. The ballast uses GE's existing L-Comp[1] power topology in the circuit so that the integrated circuit design would be a design that could possibly be used by other CFL and EFL products with minor modifications. This gives added value by reducing cost and size of not only the BIAS, but also possibly other integral CFL and future dimmable integral and plug-in versions of the EFL products.

Rebecca Voelker

2001-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

492

Compact cantilever force probe for plasma pressure measurements  

SciTech Connect

A simple, compact cantilever force probe (CFP) has been developed for plasma pressure measurements. It is based on the pull-in phenomenon well known in microelectromechanical-system electrostatic actuators. The probe consists of a thin (25 {mu}m) titanium foil cantilever (38 mm of length and 14 mm of width) and a fixed electrode separated by a 0.75 mm gap. The probe is shielded by brass box and enclosed into boron nitride housing with a 9 mm diameter window for exposing part of cantilever surface to the plasma. When the voltage is applied between the cantilever and the electrode, an attractive electrostatic force is counterbalanced by cantilever restoring spring force. At some threshold (pull-in) voltage the system becomes unstable and the cantilever abruptly pulls toward the fixed electrode until breakdown occurs between them. The threshold voltage is sensitive to an additional externally applied force, while a simple detection of breakdown occurrence can be used to measure that threshold voltage value. The sensitivity to externally applied forces obtained during calibration is 0.28 V/{mu}N (17.8 V/Pa for pressure). However, the resolution of the measurements is {+-}0.014 mN ({+-}0.22 Pa) due to the statistical scattering in measured pull-in voltages. The diagnostic temporal resolution is {approx}10 ms, being determined by the dynamics of pull-in process. The probe has been tested in the tokamak ISTTOK edge plasma, and a plasma force of {approx}0.07 mN (plasma pressure {approx}1.1 Pa) has been obtained near the leading edge of the limiter. This value is in a reasonable agreement with the estimations using local plasma parameters measured by electrical probes. The use of the described CFP is limited by a heat flux of Q{approx}10{sup 6} W/m{sup 2} due to uncontrollable rise of the cantilever temperature ({delta}T{approx}20 deg. C) during CFP response time.

Nedzelskiy, I. S.; Silva, C.; Fernandes, H.; Duarte, P.; Varandas, C. A. F. [Centro de FuSao Nuclear, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Associacao EURATOM/IST, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal)

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

493

AGR-1 Fuel Compact 6-3-2 Post-Irradiation Examination Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Destructive post-irradiation examination was performed on fuel Compact 6-3-2, which was irradiated in the AGR-1 experiment to a final compact average burnup of 11.3% FIMA and a time-average, volume-average temperature of 1070C. The analysis of this compact was focused on characterizing the extent of fission product release from the particles and examining particles to determine the condition of the kernels and coating layers. The work included deconsolidation of the compact and leach-burn-leach analysis, visual inspection and gamma counting of individual particles, measurement of fuel burnup by several methods, metallurgical preparation of selected particles, and examination of particle cross-sections with optical microscopy. A single particle with a defective SiC layer was identified during deconsolidation-leach-burn-leach analysis, which is in agreement with previous measurements showing elevated cesium in the Capsule 6 graphite fuel holder associated with this fuel compact. The fraction of the compact europium inventory released from the particles and retained in the matrix was relatively high (approximately 6E-3), indicating release from intact particle coatings. The Ag-110m inventory in individual particles exhibited a very broad distribution, with some particles retaining =80% of the predicted inventory and others retaining less than 25%. The average degree of Ag-110m retention in 60 gamma counted particles was approximately 50%. This elevated silver release is in agreement with analysis of silver on the Capsule 6 components, which indicated an average release of 38% of the Capsule 6 inventory from the fuel compacts. In spite of the relatively high degree of silver release from the particles, virtually none of the Ag-110m released was found in the compact matrix, and presumably migrated out of the compact and was deposited on the irradiation capsule components. Release of all other fission products from the particles appears to be less than a single particle equivalent inventory. Burnup measurements based on gamma spectrometry of individual particles and mass spectrometry of dissolved fuel kernels were in very good agreement (11.0% and 10.9% FIMA, respectively), and were also in good agreement with measurements based on previous gamma spectrometry measurements of the whole compact (11.0% FIMA) and the predicted burnup based on physics simulations of the AGR-1 irradiation (11.3% FIMA).

Paul demkowicz; jason Harp; Scott Ploger

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Deepwater Gulf of Mexico turbidites -- Compaction effects on porosity and permeability  

SciTech Connect

The deepwater Gulf of Mexico is now a major area of activity for the US oil industry. Compaction causes particular concern because most prospective deepwater reservoirs are highly geo-pressured and many have limited aquifer support; water injection may also be problematic. To address some of the issues associated with compaction, the authors initiated a special core-analysis program to study compaction effects on turbidite sand porosity and permeability specifically. This program also addressed a number of subsidiary but no less important issues, such as sample characterization and quality, sample preparation, and test procedures. These issues are particularly pertinent, because Gulf of Mexico turbidites are generally unconsolidated, loose sands, and are thus susceptible to a whole array of potentially serious core-disturbing processes. One key result of the special core analysis program is that turbidite compressibilities exhibit large variations in both magnitude and stress dependence. These variations correlate with creep response in the laboratory measurements. The effects of compaction on permeability are significant. To eliminate complicating effects caused by fines movement, the authors made oil flow measurements at initial water saturation. The measurements indicate compaction reduces permeability four to five times more than porosity on a relative basis.

Ostermeier, R.M.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

MiniMAX: A Compact, Portable X-Ray System For Field Inspection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MiniMAX: A Compact, Portable X-Ray System For Field Inspection MiniMAX: A Compact, Portable X-Ray System For Field Inspection MiniMAX: A Compact, Portable X-Ray System For Field Inspection MiniMAX takes x-ray images that are as detailed or even better than conventional hospital systems. However, unlike such systems, MiniMAX is easy to use, portable, lightweight, and inexpensive. MiniMAX takes advantage of the form factor of x-ray film, the physics of computed radiography (CR), and the compact technology of digital radiography (DR) panels to implement the benefits of each in a very simple, reliable, and compact system. July 11, 2013 Complete , 6.5lb, MiniMAX portable radiography system including Leica M9 camera, Jenoptik lens, JDSU dichroic filter, LED flash, CsBr storage phosphor, and 57-Co source. Complete, 6.5lb, MiniMAX portable radiography system including Leica M9

496

Cap plasticity models and compactive and dilatant pre-failure deformation  

SciTech Connect

At low mean stresses, porous geomaterials fail by shear localization, and at higher mean stresses, they undergo strain-hardening behavior. Cap plasticity models attempt to model this behavior using a pressure-dependent shear yield and/or shear limit-state envelope with a hardening or hardening/softening elliptical end cap to define pore collapse. While these traditional models describe compactive