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1

Quantification of surface tension and internal pressure generated by single  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantification of surface tension and internal pressure generated by single mitotic cells Elisabeth of a liquid cell interior, the surface tension is related to the local curvature and the hydrostatic pressure measured confined cell shapes to shapes obeying Laplace's law with uniform surface tension and find

Jülicher, Frank

2

Internal geophysics (Physics of Earth's interior) Jump conditions and dynamic surface tension at permeable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Internal geophysics (Physics of Earth's interior) Jump conditions and dynamic surface tension of momentum across the interface, a possibly anisotropic surface tension and terms including an inter- face equals the jump of pressure; and in the presence of surface tension defined as a capillary action due

3

Amplified total internal reflection: theory, analysis, and demonstration of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and links 1. C. J. Koester, "Laser action by enhanced total internal reflection," IEEE J. Quantum Electron optical waveguide with lossless core and gainy cladding will experience growth [1]. Consider instead

Hagness, Susan C.

4

Bidirectional amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A bilateral circuit is operable for transmitting signals in two directions without generation of ringing due to feedback caused by the insertion of the circuit. The circuit may include gain for each of the signals to provide a bidirectional amplifier. The signals are passed through two separate paths, with a unidirectional amplifier in each path. A controlled sampling device is provided in each path for sampling the two signals. Any feedback loop between the two signals is disrupted by providing a phase displacement between the control signals for the two sampling devices.

Wright, J.T.

1984-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

5

Bidirectional amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A bilateral circuit is operable for transmitting signals in two directions without generation of ringing due to feedback caused by the insertion of the circuit. The circuit may include gain for each of the signals to provide a bidirectional amplifier. The signals are passed through two separate paths, with a unidirectional amplifier in each path. A controlled sampling device is provided in each path for sampling the two signals. Any feedback loop between the two signals is disrupted by providing a phase displacement between the control signals for the two sampling devices.

Wright, James T. (Cedarcrest, NM)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

SURFACE TENSION DRIVEN CONVECTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SURFACE TENSION DRIVEN CONVECTION DIJKSTRA, SENGUL, WANG INTRODUCTION LINEAR THEORY MAIN THEOREMS CONCLUDING REMARKS DYNAMIC TRANSITIONS OF SURFACE TENSION DRIVEN CONVECTION H.Dijkstra T. Sengul S. Wang #12;SURFACE TENSION DRIVEN CONVECTION DIJKSTRA, SENGUL, WANG INTRODUCTION LINEAR THEORY MAIN THEOREMS

Wang, Shouhong

7

Fluctuation dynamo amplified  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Boussinesq MHD Convection Simulations Shear Bursts: Amplified Energy Production Magnetic Helicity Fluctuation The Fluctuation Dynamo Boussinesq MHD Convection Simulations Shear Bursts: Amplified Energy Production Magnetic Boussinesq MHD Convection Simulations Shear Bursts: Amplified Energy Production Magnetic Helicity Some

8

Amplified Quantum Transforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis we investigate two new Amplified Quantum Transforms. In particular we create and analyze the Amplified Quantum Fourier Transform (Amplified-QFT) and the Amplified-Haar Wavelet Transform. First, we provide a brief history of quantum mechanics and quantum computing. Second, we examine the Amplified-QFT in detail and compare it against the Quantum Fourier Transform (QFT) and Quantum Hidden Subgroup (QHS) algorithms for solving the Local Period Problem. We calculate the probabilities of success of each algorithm and show the Amplified-QFT is quadratically faster than the QFT and QHS algorithms. Third, we examine the Amplified-QFT algorithm for solving The Local Period Problem with an Error Stream. Fourth, we produce an uncertainty relation for the Amplified-QFT algorithm. Fifth, we show how the Amplified-Haar Wavelet Transform can solve the Local Constant or Balanced Signal Decision Problem which is a generalization of the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm.

David Cornwell

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Wireless Josephson amplifier  

SciTech Connect

Josephson junction parametric amplifiers are playing a crucial role in the readout chain in superconducting quantum information experiments. However, their integration with current 3D cavity implementations poses the problem of transitioning between waveguide, coax cables, and planar circuits. Moreover, Josephson amplifiers require auxiliary microwave components, like directional couplers and/or hybrids, that are sources of spurious losses and impedance mismatches that limit measurement efficiency and amplifier tunability. We have developed a wireless architecture for these parametric amplifiers that eliminates superfluous microwave components and interconnects. This greatly simplifies their assembly and integration into experiments. We present an experimental realization of such a device operating in the 9–11?GHz band with about 100?MHz of amplitude gain-bandwidth product, on par with devices mounted in conventional sample holders. The simpler impedance environment presented to the amplifier also results in increased amplifier tunability.

Narla, A.; Sliwa, K. M.; Hatridge, M.; Shankar, S.; Frunzio, L.; Schoelkopf, R. J.; Devoret, M. H. [Department of Applied Physics, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511 (United States)

2014-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

10

6, 1205712120, 2006 Surface tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ACPD 6, 12057­12120, 2006 Surface tension: measurement, modelling and cloud activation D. O a Creative Commons License. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions Surface tensions of multi­12120, 2006 Surface tension: measurement, modelling and cloud activation D. O. Topping et al. Title Page

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

11

Dye laser amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved dye laser amplifier is disclosed. The efficiency of the dye lr amplifier is increased significantly by increasing the power of a dye beam as it passes from an input window to an output window within the dye chamber, while maintaining the intensity of the dye beam constant.

Moses, Edward I. (Livermore, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Cable tensioned membrane solar collector module with variable tension control  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a solar collector comprising a membrane for concentrating sunlight, a plurality of elongated structural members for suspending the membrane member thereon, and a plurality of control members for adjustably tensioning the membrane member, as well as for controlling a focus produced by the membrane members. Each control member is disposed at a different corresponding one of the plurality of structural members. The collector also comprises an elongated flexible tensioning member, which serves to stretch the membrane member and to thereafter hold it in tension, and a plurality of sleeve members, which serve to provide the membrane member with a desired surface contour during tensioning of the membrane member. The tensioning member is coupled to the structural members such that the tensioning member is adjustably tensioned through the structural members. The tensioning member is also coupled to the membrane member through the sleeve members such that the sleeve members uniformly and symmetrically stretch the membrane member upon applying tension to the tensioning member with the control members.

Murphy, Lawrence M. (Lakewood, CO)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Cable tensioned membrane solar collector module with variable tension control  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a solar collector comprising a membrane member for concentrating sunlight, a plurality of elongated structural members for suspending the membrane member thereon, and a plurality of control members for adjustably tensioning the membrane member, as well as for controlling a focus produced by the membrane members. Each control member is disposed at a different corresponding one of the plurality of structural members. The collector also comprises an elongated flexible tensioning member, which serves to stretch the membrane member and to thereafter hold it in tension, and a plurality of sleeve members which serve to provide the membrane member with a desired surface contour during tensioning of the membrane member. The tensioning member is coupled to the structural members such that the tensioning member is adjustably tensioned through the structural members. The tensioning member is also coupled to the membrane member through the sleeve members such that the sleeve members uniformly and symmetrically stretch the membrane member upon applying tension to the tensioning member with the control members.

Murphy, L.M.

1984-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

14

570 2008 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference ISSCC 2008 / SESSION 31 / RF & mm-WAVE POWER AMPLIFIERS / 31.7  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

570 · 2008 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference ISSCC 2008 / SESSION 31 / RF & mm supply voltages that is very useful for a low-battery-voltage solution. However, it is not compatible with the higher voltages presented by the Li-ion batteries which under charging situations can present supply

Hajimiri, Ali

15

Coulomb string tension, asymptotic string tension, and the gluon chain  

We compute, via numerical simulations, the non-perturbative Coulomb potential and position-space ghost propagator in pure SU(3) gauge theory in Coulomb gauge. We find that that the Coulomb potential scales nicely in accordance with asymptotic freedom, that the Coulomb potential is linear in the infrared, and that the Coulomb string tension is about four times larger than the asymptotic string tension. We explain how it is possible that the asymptotic string tension can be lower than the Coulomb string tension by a factor of four.

Greensite, Jeff; Szczepaniak, Adam P.

2015-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Transatlantic Tensions and European Security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fund et al. , Transatlantic Trends 2005. Washington: GermanSeptember 11, Iraq, and Transatlantic Relations, Washington:Sarotte, M. (2005) ‘Transatlantic Tension and Threat

Sarotte, Mary Elise

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

High Bandwidth Differential Amplifier for Shock Experiments  

SciTech Connect

We developed a high bandwidth differential amplifier for gas gun shock experiments/applications. The circuit has a bandwidth > 1 GHz, and is capable of measuring signals of ?1.5 V with a common mode rejection of 250 V. Conductivity measurements of gas gun targets are measured by flowing high currents through the targets. The voltage is measured across the target using a technique similar to a four-point probe. Because of the design of the current source and load, the target voltage is approximately 250 V relative to ground. Since the expected voltage change in the target is < 1 V, the differential amplifier must have a large common mode rejection. High pass filters suppress internal ringing of operational amplifiers. Results of bench tests are shown.

Ross, P. W., Tran, V., Chau, R.

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

18

Surface Tension Tzong-Shyng Leu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Fluidics Surface Tension Tzong-Shyng Leu IAA ­ Institute of Aeronautics and Astranautics surface tension. Cohesion and Surface Tension Molecular concept of origin of surface tension: Fluidics The cohesive forces between liquid molecules are responsible for the phenomenon known as surface tension

Leu, Tzong-Shyng "Jeremy"

19

The critical tension in the Cascading DGP model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the behaviour of weak gravitational fields in the 6D Cascading DGP model using a bulk-based approach. To deal with the ambiguity in the thin limit of branes of codimension higher than one, we consider a specific regularization of the internal structure of the branes where the 5D brane can be considered thin with respect to the 4D one. We consider the solutions corresponding to pure tension sources on the 4D brane, and study perturbations at first order around these background solutions. We adopt a 4D scalar-vector-tensor decomposition, and focus on the scalar sector of perturbations. We show that, in a suitable 4D limit, the trace part of the 4D metric perturbations obeys a decoupled equation which suggests that it is a ghost for background tensions smaller than a critical tension, while it is a healthy field otherwise. We give a geometrical interpretation of the existence of the critical tension and of the reason why the relevant field is a ghost or not depending on the background tension. We however find a value of the critical tension which is different from the one already found in the literature. Differently from the results in the literature, our analysis implies that, choosing the background tension suitably, we can construct ghost-free models for any value of the free parameters of the theory. We suggest that the difference lies in the procedure used to evaluate the pillbox integration across the codimension-2 brane. We confirm the validity of our analysis by performing numerically the integration in a particular case where the solution inside the thick cod-2 brane is known exactly. We stress that the singular structure of the perturbation fields in the nested branes set-ups is very subtle, and that great care has to be taken when deriving the codimension-2 junction conditions.

Fulvio Sbisa'; Kazuya Koyama

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Superconducting digital logic amplifier  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a superconducting digital logic amplifier for interfacing between a Josephson junction logic circuit having output current and a higher voltage semiconductor circuit input. The amplifier comprising: an input terminal for connection to a ; an output terminal for connection to a semiconductor circuit input; an input, lower critical current, Josephson junction having first and second terminals; a first series string of at least three lower critical current Josephson junctions. The first series string being connected to the first terminal of the input Josephson junction such that the first series string is in series with the input Josephson junction to provide a series combination. The input terminal being connected to the first terminal of the input Josephson junction, and with the critical current of the lower critical current Josephson junctions of the input Josephson junction and the first series Josephson junctions being less than the output current of the low voltage Josephson junction circuit; a second series string of at least four higher critical current Josephson junctions. The second string being connected in parallel with the series combination to provide parallel strings having an upper common connection and a lower common connection. The lower common connection being connected to the second terminal of the input Josephson junction and the upper common connection being connected to the output terminal; and a pulsed DC current source connected the parallel strings at the upper common connection. The DC current source having a current at least equal to the critical current of the higher critical current Josephson junctions.

Przybysz, J.X.

1989-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

The critical tension in the Cascading DGP model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the behaviour of weak gravitational fields in the 6D Cascading DGP model using a bulk-based approach. To deal with the ambiguity in the thin limit of branes of codimension higher than one, we consider a specific regularization of the internal structure of the branes where the 5D brane can be considered thin with respect to the 4D one. We consider the solutions corresponding to pure tension sources on the 4D brane, and study perturbations at first order around these background solutions. We adopt a 4D scalar-vector-tensor decomposition, and focus on the scalar sector of perturbations. We show that, in a suitable 4D limit, the trace part of the 4D metric perturbations obeys a decoupled equation which suggests that it is a ghost for background tensions smaller than a critical tension, while it is a healthy field otherwise. We give a geometrical interpretation of the existence of the critical tension and of the reason why the relevant field is a ghost or not depending on the background tension. We howeve...

Sbisà, Fulvio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Modeling and control of top tensioned risers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Modeling and control of top tensioned risers Anne Marthine Rustad Department of Marine Technology increasing platform size · Constant high top tension is expensive and could result in wear and tear

Nørvåg, Kjetil

23

Current vs. Voltage Feedback Amplifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?' In most applications, the differences between current feedback (CFB) and voltage feedback (VFB) are not apparent. Today's CFB and VFB amplifiers have comparable performance, but there are cer- tain unique Performance · Feedback Freedom Aside from the well-known attribute of CFB amplifiers, gain

Lanterman, Aaron

24

Original article Growth stresses in tension wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original article Growth stresses in tension wood: role of microfibrils and lignification T Okuyama the growth stress generation in the region of normal and tension woods. growth stress/ tension wood in normal and ten- sion wood. The compressive stress from the deposition of lignin controls the level

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

25

Surface and interfacial tensions of Hofmeister electrolytes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface and interfacial tensions of Hofmeister electrolytes Alexandre P. dos Santos and Yan Levin to account quantitatively for the surface and interfacial tensions of different electrolyte solutions can also be used to calculate the surface and the interfacial tensions of acid solutions, predicting

Levin, Yan

26

Enhanced performance CCD output amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A low-noise FET amplifier is connected to amplify output charge from a che coupled device (CCD). The FET has its gate connected to the CCD in common source configuration for receiving the output charge signal from the CCD and output an intermediate signal at a drain of the FET. An intermediate amplifier is connected to the drain of the FET for receiving the intermediate signal and outputting a low-noise signal functionally related to the output charge signal from the CCD. The amplifier is preferably connected as a virtual ground to the FET drain. The inherent shunt capacitance of the FET is selected to be at least equal to the sum of the remaining capacitances.

Dunham, Mark E. (Los Alamos, NM); Morley, David W. (Santa Fe, NM)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Highly linear low noise amplifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the Low Noise Amplifier (LNA) is expected to provide high linearity, thus preventing the intermodulation tones created by the interference signal from corrupting the carrier signal. The research focuses on designing a novel LNA which achieves high...

Ganesan, Sivakumar

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

28

Statistical Mechanics of Amplifying Apparatus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We implement Feynman's suggestion that the only missing notion needed for the puzzle of Quantum Measurement is the statistical mechanics of amplifying apparatus. We define a thermodynamic limit of quantum amplifiers which is a classically describable system in the sense of Bohr, and define macroscopic pointer variables for the limit system. Then we derive the probabilities of Quantum Measurement from the deterministic Schroedinger equation by the usual techniques of Classical Statistical Mechanics.

Joseph Johnson

2005-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

29

On surface tension for compact stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In an earlier treatment it was demonstrated that general relativity gives higher values of surface tension in strange stars with quark matter than neutron stars.We generate the modified Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equation to incorporate anisotropic matter and use this to show that pressure anisotropy provides for a wide range of behaviour in the surface tension than is the case with isotropic pressures. In particular it is possible that anisotropy drastically decreases the value of the surface tension.

R. Sharma; S. D. Maharaj

2007-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

30

Anisotropic surface tension of buckled fluid membrane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solid sheets and fluid membranes exhibit buckling under lateral compression. Here, it is revealed that fluid membranes have anisotropic buckling surface tension contrary to solid sheets. Surprisingly, the surface tension perpendicular to the buckling direction shows stronger dependence than that parallel to it. Our theoretical predictions are supported by numerical simulations of a meshless membrane model. This anisotropic tension can be used to measure the membrane bending rigidity. It is also found phase synchronization occurs between multilayered buckled membranes.

Hiroshi Noguchi

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Ecoulements multiphasiques TD1: tension de surface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ecoulements multiphasiques TD1: tension de surface UMPC. NSF16. 2009-2010 Jérôme Hoepffner & Arnaud!) - En déduire comment la tension de surface dépend de la température. - Tracez un schéma qui décrit le observez (décrire sans expliquer!) - En déduire si la tension de surface du savon est plus grande ou plus

Hoepffner, Jérôme

32

Reflex ring laser amplifier system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a method and apparatus for providing a reflex ring laser system for amplifying an input laser pulse. The invention is particularly useful in laser fusion experiments where efficient production of high-energy and high power laser pulses is required. The invention comprises a large aperture laser amplifier in an unstable ring resonator which includes a combination spatial filter and beam expander having a magnification greater than unity. An input pulse is injected into the resonator, e.g., through an aperture in an input mirror. The injected pulse passes through the amplifier and spatial filter/expander components on each pass around the ring. The unstable resonator is designed to permit only a predetermined number of passes before the amplified pulse exits the resonator. On the first pass through the amplifier, the beam fills only a small central region of the gain medium. On each successive pass, the beam has been expanded to fill the next concentric non-overlapping region of the gain medium.

Summers, M.A.

1983-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

33

Investigation of Surface Tension and Interfacial Tension in Surfactant Solutions by SAFT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Investigation of Surface Tension and Interfacial Tension in Surfactant Solutions by SAFT ... A primitive model for surface and interfacial tension in surfactant systems is developed on the basis of the statistical associating fluid theory (SAFT). ... The statistical associating fluid theory (SAFT) based on the statistical mechanics has been developed very rapidly in recent years. ...

Dong Fu; Ju-Fang Lu; Tie-Zhu Bao; Yi-Gui Li

2000-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

34

Spectral analysis of slender tensioned cylinder interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Tension Leg Platform (TLP) is a floating deep-water compliant structure that utilizes a system of slender vertical tensioned structural members, i.e. tendons, to provide station keeping. In the past most emphasis has been placed on understanding...

Diao, Weiguo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

35

Quantum Optical State Comparison Amplifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is a fundamental principle of quantum theory that an unknown state cannot be copied or, as a consequence, an unknown optical signal cannot be amplified deterministically and perfectly. Here we describe a protocol that provides nondeterministic quantum optical amplification in the coherent state basis with high gain, high fidelity and which does not use quantum resources. The scheme is based on two mature quantum optical technologies, coherent state comparison and photon subtraction. The method compares favourably with all previous nondeterministic amplifiers in terms of fidelity and success probability.

Electra Eleftheriadou; Stephen M. Barnett; John Jeffers

2013-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

36

Laser system using regenerative amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

High energy laser system using a regenerative amplifier, which relaxes all constraints on laser components other than the intrinsic damage level of matter, so as to enable use of available laser system components. This can be accomplished by use of segmented components, spatial filters, at least one amplifier using solid state or gaseous media, and separated reflector members providing a long round trip time through the regenerative cavity, thereby allowing slower switching and adequate time to clear the spatial filters, etc. The laser system simplifies component requirements and reduces component cost while providing high energy output.

Emmett, John L. [Pleasanton, CA

1980-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

37

100MHz Current Feedback Amplifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

O PPLICATI s Video Amplifiers s Buffers s IF and RF Amplification s Cable Drivers s 8-, 10-, 12-Bit products. The LT1223 is manufactured on Linear Technology's proprietary complementary bipolar process. Video Cable Driver Voltage Gain vs Frequency U A O PPLICATITYPICAL INV OUTV RG 1k RF 1k 75 75 CABLE 75

Lanterman, Aaron

38

New architecture for RF power amplifier linearization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power amplifier linearization has become an important part of the transmitter system as 3G and developing 4G communication standards require higher linearity than ever before. The thesis proposes two power amplifier ...

Boo, Hyun H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Uniplanar microwave balanced mixers and amplifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The completely uniplanar broadband singly balanced diode mixers and FET amplifiers, which utilize coplanar waveguide and slot line as the main transmission lines, are presented. These mixers and amplifiers have several desirable features...

Hsu, Pang-Cheng

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

40

LM741OperationalAmplifier November 1994  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TL H 9341 LM741OperationalAmplifier November 1994 LM741 Operational Amplifier General Description The LM741 series are general purpose operational amplifi- ers which feature improved performance over industry stan- dards like the LM709 They are direct plug-in replacements for the 709C LM201 MC1439 and 748

Ida, Nathan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

PLX Series Professional Audio Amplifiers User Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) instructions in this manual. The lightning flashes printed next to the OUTPUT terminals of the amplifier are marked with the lightning flash. Do not touch output terminals while amplifier power is on. Make all connections with amplifier turned off. The lightning flash with arrowhead symbol within an equilateral

Skorobogatiy, Maksim

42

Static Stability of Tension Leg Platforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The static stability of a Tension Leg Platform (TLP) with an intact tendon system is principally provided by its tendons and hence quite different from those of a conventional ship or even a floating structure positioned by its mooring system...

Xu, Ning

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

43

High power gas laser amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high power output CO.sub.2 gas laser amplifier having a number of sections, each comprising a plurality of annular pumping chambers spaced around the circumference of a vacuum chamber containing a cold cathode, gridded electron gun. The electron beam from the electron gun ionizes the gas lasing medium in the sections. An input laser beam is split into a plurality of annular beams, each passing through the sections comprising one pumping chamber.

Leland, Wallace T. (Los Alamos, NM); Stratton, Thomas F. (Los Alamos, NM)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

HIGH AVERAGE POWER OPTICAL FEL AMPLIFIERS.  

SciTech Connect

Historically, the first demonstration of the optical FEL was in an amplifier configuration at Stanford University [l]. There were other notable instances of amplifying a seed laser, such as the LLNL PALADIN amplifier [2] and the BNL ATF High-Gain Harmonic Generation FEL [3]. However, for the most part FELs are operated as oscillators or self amplified spontaneous emission devices. Yet, in wavelength regimes where a conventional laser seed can be used, the FEL can be used as an amplifier. One promising application is for very high average power generation, for instance FEL's with average power of 100 kW or more. The high electron beam power, high brightness and high efficiency that can be achieved with photoinjectors and superconducting Energy Recovery Linacs (ERL) combine well with the high-gain FEL amplifier to produce unprecedented average power FELs. This combination has a number of advantages. In particular, we show that for a given FEL power, an FEL amplifier can introduce lower energy spread in the beam as compared to a traditional oscillator. This properly gives the ERL based FEL amplifier a great wall-plug to optical power efficiency advantage. The optics for an amplifier is simple and compact. In addition to the general features of the high average power FEL amplifier, we will look at a 100 kW class FEL amplifier is being designed to operate on the 0.5 ampere Energy Recovery Linac which is under construction at Brookhaven National Laboratory's Collider-Accelerator Department.

BEN-ZVI, ILAN, DAYRAN, D.; LITVINENKO, V.

2005-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

45

Curvature Dependency of Surface Tension in Multicomponent Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Curvature Dependency of Surface Tension in Multicomponent Systems Erik Santiso Dept. of Chemical InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com). The effect of curvature on the surface tension of droplets for multicomponent systems, the relation between the surface tension at the surface of tension and the distance

Firoozabadi, Abbas

46

Surface tension in a reactive binary mixture of incompressible fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface tension in a reactive binary mixture of incompressible fluids Henning Struchtrup Institute with a distributed form of surface tension. The model describes chemistry, diffusion, viscosity and heat transfer tension at the front. Keywords: Binary mixtures, Surface tension, Irreversible thermodynamics, Hele

Struchtrup, Henning

47

ccsd00004127, ON THE SURFACE TENSIONS OF BINARY MIXTURES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ccsd­00004127, version 1 ­ 2 Feb 2005 ON THE SURFACE TENSIONS OF BINARY MIXTURES JEAN RUIZ Abstract tensions and the concentrations are brie y reviewed. Key Words: Surface tensions, binary mixtures the corresponding surface tension depends on the composition of the mixture. Some relationship is expected which

48

ccsd00004106, ON THE STATISTICAL MECHANICS AND SURFACE TENSIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ccsd­00004106, version 1 ­ 31 Jan 2005 ON THE STATISTICAL MECHANICS AND SURFACE TENSIONS OF BINARY the surface tension of the mixture and the concentrations. Key words: Surface tensions, binary mixtures.Ruiz@cpt.univ-mrs.fr #12; 2 J. DE CONINCK, S. MIRACLE#21;SOL�, AND J. RUIZ 1. Introduction The notion of surface tension

49

Surface Energy,Surface Energy, Surface Tension & Shape of CrystalsSurface Tension & Shape of Crystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface Energy,Surface Energy, Surface Tension & Shape of CrystalsSurface Tension & Shape of shapes of crystals are important: (i) growth shape and (ii) equilibrium shape Surface/interface energy surfaces. The joining of two phases creates an interface. (Two orientations of the same crystalline phase

Subramaniam, Anandh

50

Effect of Contact Line Curvature on Solid-Fluid Surface Tensions Without Line Tension C. A. Ward* and Jiyu Wu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effect of Contact Line Curvature on Solid-Fluid Surface Tensions Without Line Tension C. A. Ward neglected adsorption at the solid-liquid interface and its effect on the surface tension of this interface-liquid interface can be determined, as can the surface tensions of the solid-liquid and solid-vapor interfaces. DOI

Ward, Charles A.

51

Charge amplifier with bias compensation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ion beam uniformity monitor for very low beam currents using a high-sensitivity charge amplifier with bias compensation. The ion beam monitor is used to assess the uniformity of a raster-scanned ion beam, such as used in an ion implanter, and utilizes four Faraday cups placed in the geometric corners of the target area. Current from each cup is integrated with respect to time, thus measuring accumulated dose, or charge, in Coulombs. By comparing the dose at each corner, a qualitative assessment of ion beam uniformity is made possible. With knowledge of the relative area of the Faraday cups, the ion flux and areal dose can also be obtained.

Johnson, Gary W. (Livermore, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

On Relation Between the Quark Gluon Bag Surface Tension and the Colour Tube String Tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Here we revisit the bag phenomenology of the deconfining phase transition to replenish it by introducing systematically the bag surface tension. Comparing the free energy of such bags and that one of the strings confining the static quark-antiquark pair, we express the string tension in terms of the bag surface tension and thermal pressure in order to estimate the bag characteristics using the lattice QCD data. Our analysis of the bag entropy density demonstrates that the surface tension coefficient is amazingly negative at the cross-over (continuous transition). This approach allows us to naturally account for an appearance of a very pronounced maximum (observed in the lattice QCD simulations) of the entropy of the bound static quark-antiquark pair. The vicinity of the (tri)critical endpoint is also analyzed to clarify the meaning of vanishing surface tension coefficient.

K. A. Bugaev; G. M. Zinovjev

2010-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

53

Multistaged stokes injected Raman capillary waveguide amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multistaged Stokes injected Raman capillary waveguide amplifier for providing a high gain Stokes output signal. The amplifier uses a plurality of optically coupled capillary waveguide amplifiers and one or more regenerative amplifiers to increase Stokes gain to a level sufficient for power amplification. Power amplification is provided by a multifocused Raman gain cell or a large diameter capillary waveguide. An external source of CO.sub.2 laser radiation can be injected into each of the capillary waveguide amplifier stages to increase Raman gain. Devices for injecting external sources of CO.sub.2 radiation include: dichroic mirrors, prisms, gratings and Ge Brewster plates. Alternatively, the CO.sub.2 input radiation to the first stage can be coupled and amplified between successive stages.

Kurnit, Norman A. (Santa Fe, NM)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Combining Feedback Absorption Spectroscopy, Amplified Resonance...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

On-Board Measurement of Ammonia and Nitrous Oxide Using Feedback Absorption Laser Spectroscopy Combined with Amplified Resonance and Low Pressure Sampling Cummins...

55

OMEGA Amplifiers - Laboratory for Laser Energetics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Amplifiers - Laboratory for Laser Energetics Laboratory for Laser Energetics Logo Search Home Around the Lab Past Issues Past Quick Shots About Office of the Director Map to LLE...

56

Transverse pumped laser amplifier architecture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical gain architecture includes a pump source and a pump aperture. The architecture also includes a gain region including a gain element operable to amplify light at a laser wavelength. The gain region is characterized by a first side intersecting an optical path, a second side opposing the first side, a third side adjacent the first and second sides, and a fourth side opposing the third side. The architecture further includes a dichroic section disposed between the pump aperture and the first side of the gain region. The dichroic section is characterized by low reflectance at a pump wavelength and high reflectance at the laser wavelength. The architecture additionally includes a first cladding section proximate to the third side of the gain region and a second cladding section proximate to the fourth side of the gain region.

Bayramian, Andrew James; Manes, Kenneth; Deri, Robert; Erlandson, Al; Caird, John; Spaeth, Mary

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

57

The Surface Tension of Magnetized Quark Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The surface tension of quark matter plays a crucial role for the possibility of quark matter nucleation during the formation of compact stellar objects and also for the existence of a mixed phase within hybrid stars. However, despite its importance, this quantity does not have a well established numerical value. Some early estimates have predicted that, at zero temperature, the value falls within the wide range $\\gamma_0\\approx10-300{\\rm\\ MeV/fm^2}$ but, very recently, different model applications have reduced these numerical values to fall within the range $\\gamma_0\\approx5-30{\\rm\\ MeV/fm^2}$ which would favor the phase conversion process as well as the appearance of a mixed phase in hybrid stars. In magnetars one should also account for the presence of very high magnetic fields which may reach up to about $ eB\\approx 3-30\\, m_\\pi^2$ ($B \\approx 10^{19}-10^{20} \\,G$) at the core of the star so that it may also be important to analyze how the presence of a magnetic field affects the surface tension. With this aim we consider magnetized two flavor quark matter, described by the Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model. We show that although the surface tension oscillates around its B=0 value, when $0 surface tension value drops by about 30% while for $eB \\gtrsim 10\\, m_\\pi^2$ it quickly raises with the field intensity so that the phase conversion and the presence of a mixed phase should be suppressed if extremely high fields are present. We also investigate how thermal effects influence the surface tension for magnetized quark matter.

A. F. Garcia; M. B. Pinto

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

58

Breaking the Tension: Development and Investigation of a Centrifugal Tensioned Metastable Fluid Detector System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluid Mechanics CTMFD Centrifugal Tensioned Metastable Fluid Detector HEU Highly Enriched Uranium IR Infrared LED Light Emitting Diode P Pressure PWM Pulse Width Modulation r Radius R Gas Constant SNM Special Nuclear Material T Temperature...

Solom, Matthew 1985-

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

59

Dual-range linearized transimpedance amplifier system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A transimpedance amplifier system is disclosed which simultaneously generates a low-gain output signal and a high-gain output signal from an input current signal using a single transimpedance amplifier having two different feedback loops with different amplification factors to generate two different output voltage signals. One of the feedback loops includes a resistor, and the other feedback loop includes another resistor in series with one or more diodes. The transimpedance amplifier system includes a signal linearizer to linearize one or both of the low- and high-gain output signals by scaling and adding the two output voltage signals from the transimpedance amplifier. The signal linearizer can be formed either as an analog device using one or two summing amplifiers, or alternately can be formed as a digital device using two analog-to-digital converters and a digital signal processor (e.g. a microprocessor or a computer).

Wessendorf, Kurt O. (Albuquerque, NM)

2010-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

60

A discontinuous Galerkin front tracking method for two-phase flows with surface tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oran, and M. J. Fritts, Surface tension and viscosity withrepresentation of surface tension, Int. J. Numer. Meth.interfaces involving surface tension and general geometries.

Nguyen, V.-T.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Biosurfactant Production by Bacteria in the Phyllosphere: Relieving the Tension of Life on a Surface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analyzed mass spectra and surface tension measurements, A.B.by liquids: dependence on surface tension, wettability, andby liquids: dependence on surface tension, wettability, and

Burch, Adrien Yuan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

A discontinuous Galerkin front tracking method for two-phase flows with surface tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oran, and M. J. Fritts, Surface tension and viscosity withinterfaces involving surface tension and general geometries.representation of surface tension, Int. J. Numer. Meth.

Nguyen, V.-T.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Versatile Surface Tension and Adhesion for SPH Fluids Nadir Akinci  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Versatile Surface Tension and Adhesion for SPH Fluids Nadir Akinci University of Freiburg Gizem as a result of the impact of a water droplet into a filled container. Our surface tension force allows such as surface tension and adhesion emerge as a result of inter-molecular forces in a microscopic scale

Teschner, Matthias

64

A new implicit surface tension implementation for interfacial flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new implicit surface tension implementation for interfacial flows S. Hysing Abstract A new implementation of surface tension effects in interfacial flow codes is proposed which is both fully implicit, which is used to regularize the discon- tinuous surface tension force term. The regularization can

Frey, Pascal

65

Diuse interface surface tension models in an expanding ow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diuse interface surface tension models in an expanding ow Wangyi Liu, Andrea L. Bertozzi , and Theodore Kolokolnikov November 22, 2010 Abstract We consider a diusive interface surface tension model principle. 1 Background There is a need to develop simple computational models for surface tension

Soatto, Stefano

66

Variational formulations for surface tension, capillarity and wetting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Variational formulations for surface tension, capillarity and wetting Gustavo C. Buscagliaa of flows with significant surface tension effects has grown significantly in recent years. This has been, since at small length scales surface phenomena are dominant. In this article, surface tension

Buscaglia, Gustavo C.

67

A MOLECULAR THEORY OF SURFACE TENSION IN NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTALS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1187 A MOLECULAR THEORY OF SURFACE TENSION IN NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTALS J. D. PARSONS Departamento de 1976, accepte le 10 mai 1976) Résumé. - On calcule la tension superficielle à la surface libre d le plan de la surface; b) il y a un saut de la tension de surface à la transition nématique

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

68

Accepted Manuscript Variational formulations for surface tension, capillarity and wetting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accepted Manuscript Variational formulations for surface tension, capillarity and wetting Gustavo C formulations for surface tension, capillarity and wetting, Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Engrg. (2011), doi: 10 formulations for surface tension, capillarity and wetting Gustavo C. Buscagliaa,b, , Roberto F. Ausasa,b a

Frey, Pascal

69

Ecoulements multiphasiques TD1: tension de surface: Correction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ecoulements multiphasiques TD1: tension de surface: Correction UMPC. NSF16. 2009-2010 Jérôme Hoepffner & Arnaud Antkowiak Ex1: Variation de la tension de surface et mouvements Film1: On chauffe la fluide qui les supporte. Schéma: Analyse: Nous avons vu en cours que la tension de surface pouvait varier

Hoepffner, Jérôme

70

Theoretical and experimental study on surface tension and dynamic surface tension of aqueous lithium bromide and water with additive  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The surface tensions of water and aqueous lithium bromide (LiBr) with 2-ethyl-1- ... that surface tension varies linearly with the surface excess concentration is advanced, which could overcome the...

Wenlong Cheng; Zeshao Chen; Atsushi Akisawa…

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Ising anyons with a string tension  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the string-net model on the honeycomb lattice for Ising anyons in the presence of a string tension. This competing term induces a nontrivial dynamics of the non-Abelian anyonic quasiparticles and may lead to a breakdown of the topological phase. Using high-order series expansions and exact diagonalizations, we determine the robustness of this doubled Ising phase, which is found to be separated from two gapped phases. An effective quantum dimer model emerges in the large tension limit, giving rise to two different translation symmetry-broken phases. Consequently, we obtain four transition points, two of which are associated with first-order transitions whereas the two others are found to be continuous and provide examples of recently proposed Bose condensation for anyons.

Marc Daniel Schulz; Sébastien Dusuel; Grégoire Misguich; Kai Phillip Schmidt; Julien Vidal

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

72

A newly developed Kolsky tension bar.  

SciTech Connect

Investigation of damage and failure of materials under impact loading relies on reliable dynamic tensile experiments. A precise Kolsky tension bar is highly desirable. Based on the template of the Kolsky compression bar that we recently developed and presented at 2009 SEM conference, a new Kolsky tension bar apparatus was completed at Sandia National Laboratories, California. It is secured to the same optical table. Linear bearings with interior Frelon coating were employed to support the whole tension bar system including the bars and gun barrel. The same laser based alignment system was used to efficiently facilitate highly precise alignment of the bar system. However, the gun part was completely re-designed. One end of the gun barrel, as a part of loading device, was directly jointed to the bar system. A solid cylindrical striker is launched inside the gun barrel and then impacts on a flange attached to the other end of the gun barrel to facilitate a sudden tensile loading on the whole system. This design improves the quality of impact to easily produce a perfect stress wave and is convenient to utilize pulse shaping technique. A calibration and dynamic characterization of an aluminum specimen are presented.

Lu, Wei-Yang; Song, Bo; Antoun, Bonnie R.; Connelly, Kevin; Korellis, John S.

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Surface Tension and the Cosmological Constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The astronomically observed value of the cosmological constant is small but non-zero. This raises two questions together known as the cosmological constant problem a) why is lambda so nearly zero? b) why is lambda not EXACTLY zero? Sorkin has proposed that b) can be naturally explained as a one by square root N fluctuation by invoking discreteness of spacetime at the Planck scale due to quantum gravity. In this paper we shed light on these questions by developing an analogy between the cosmological constant and the surface tension of membranes. The ``cosmological constant problem'' has a natural analogue in the membrane context: the vanishingly small surface tension of fluid membranes provides an example where question a) above arises and is answered. We go on to find a direct analogue of Sorkin's proposal for answering question b) in the membrane context, where the discreteness of spacetime translates into the molecular structure of matter. We propose analogue experiments to probe a small and fluctuating surface tension in fluid membranes. A counterpart of dimensional reduction a la Kaluza-Klein and large extra dimensions also appears in the physics of fluid membranes.

Joseph Samuel; Supurna Sinha

2006-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

74

High Bandwidth Differential Amplifier for Shock Experiments  

SciTech Connect

We developed a high bandwidth differential amplifier for gas gun shock experiments. The circuit has a bandwidth up to 1 GHz, and is capable of measuring signals of ?1.5 V with a common mode rejection of 250 V. Conductivity measurements of gas gun targets are measured by flowing high currents through the targets. The voltage is measured across the target using a technique similar to a four-point probe. Because of the design of the current source and load, the target voltage is approximately 250 V relative to ground. Since the expected voltage change in the target is < 1 V, the differential amplifier must have a large common mode rejection. Various amplifying designs are shown, although the increased amplification decreases bandwidth. Bench tests show that the amplifier can withstand significant common mode DC voltage and measure 10 ns, and 50 mV signals.

Ross, P., Tran, V., Chau, R.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Advanced Concepts in Josephson Junction Reflection Amplifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Low-noise amplification atmicrowave frequencies has become increasingly important for the research related to superconducting qubits and nanoelectromechanical systems. The fundamental limit of added noise by a phase-preserving amplifier is the standard quantum limit, often expressed as noise temperature $T_{q} = \\hbar {\\omega}/2k_{B}$. Towards the goal of the quantum limit, we have developed an amplifier based on intrinsic negative resistance of a selectively damped Josephson junction. Here we present measurement results on previously proposed wide-band microwave amplification and discuss the challenges for improvements on the existing designs. We have also studied flux-pumped metamaterial-based parametric amplifiers, whose operating frequency can be widely tuned by external DC-flux, and demonstrate operation at $2\\omega$ pumping, in contrast to the typical metamaterial amplifiers pumped via signal lines at $\\omega$.

Pasi Lähteenmäki; Visa Vesterinen; Juha Hassel; G. S. Paraoanu; Heikki Seppä; Pertti Hakonen

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

76

A DC stabilized fully differential amplifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The conventional method of constructing a gain amplifier is to use resistor feedback networks. However, present CMOS technology provides capacitors that offer substantially better tracking and linearity performance over ...

Sun, Nancy Y

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Laser Cooled High-Power Fiber Amplifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A theoretical model for laser cooled continuous-wave fiber amplifier is presented. The amplification process takes place in the Tm3+-doped core of the fluoride ZBLAN (ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AlF3-NaF) glass fiber. The cooling process takes place in the Yb3+:ZBLAN fiber cladding. It is shown that for each value of the pump power and the amplified signal there is a distribution of the concentration of the Tm3+ along the length of the fiber amplifier, which provides its athermal operation. The influence of a small deviation in the value of the amplified signal on the temperature of the fiber with the fixed distribution of the Tm3+ions in the fiber cladding is investigated.

Nemova, Galina

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

RF breakdown effects in microwave power amplifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electrical stresses in the transistors of high-efficiency switching power amplifiers can lead to hot-electron-induced "breakdown" in these devices. This thesis explores issues related to breakdown in the Transcom TC2571 ...

Arumilli, Gautham Venkat

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

A single power supply optoelectronic differential amplifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A SINGLE POWER SUPPLY OPTOELECTRONIC DIFFERENTIAL AMPLIFIER A Thesis by YOUNGiXIIN ALBERT CHOI Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December... 1987 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering A SINGLE POWER SUPPLY OPTOELECTRONIC DIFFERENTIAL AMPLIFIER A Thesis by YOUNGMIN ALBERT CHOI Approved a. s to style and content by: He y F. aylor (Chairman of Committee) Kai Chang (Member) Ohannes...

Choi, Youngmin Albert

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Oxygen Tension Modulates Neurite Outgrowth in PC12 Cells Through A Mechanism Involving HIF and VEGF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

neural repair. Keywords Oxygen tension . Neurite extension .respective physiological oxygen microenvironments (Chen etet al. 2008). For example, oxygen tension differentially

Genetos, Damian C.; Cheung, Whitney K.; Decaris, Martin L.; Leach, J. Kent

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Multiple excitation regenerative amplifier inertial confinement system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to apparatus and methods for producing high intensity laser radiation generation which is achieved through an optical amplifier-storage ring design. One or two synchronized, counterpropagating laser pulses are injected into a regenerative amplifier cavity and amplified by gain media which are pumped repetitively by electrical or optical means. The gain media excitation pulses are tailored to efficiently amplify the laser pulses during each transit. After the laser pulses have been amplified to the desired intensity level, they are either switched out of the cavity by some switch means, as for example an electro-optical device, for any well known laser end uses, or a target means may be injected into the regenerative amplifier cavity in such a way as to intercept simultaneously the counterpropagating laser pulses. One such well known end uses to which this invention is intended is for production of high density and temperature plasmas suitable for generating neutrons, ions and x-rays and for studying matter heated by high intensity laser radiation. 11 figs.

George, V.E.; Haas, R.A.; Krupke, W.F.; Schlitt, L.G.

1980-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

82

Multiple excitation regenerative amplifier inertial confinement system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to apparatus and methods for producing high intensity laser radiation generation which is achieved through an optical amplifier-storage ring design. One or two synchronized, counterpropagating laser pulses are injected into a regenerative amplifier cavity and amplified by gain media which are pumped repetitively by electrical or optical means. The gain media excitation pulses are tailored to efficiently amplify the laser pulses during each transit. After the laser pulses have been amplified to the desired intensity level, they are either switched out of the cavity by some switch means, as for example an electro-optical device, for any well known laser end uses, or a target means may be injected into the regenerative amplifier cavity in such a way as to intercept simultaneously the counterpropagating laser pulses. One such well known end uses to which this invention is intended is for production of high density and temperature plasmas suitable for generating neutrons, ions and x-rays and for studying matter heated by high intensity laser radiation.

George, Victor E. [Livermore, CA; Haas, Roger A. [Pleasanton, CA; Krupke, William F. [Pleasanton, CA; Schlitt, Leland G. [Livermore, CA

1980-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

83

Some Notes on Wideband Feedback Amplifiers  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

The extension of the passband of wideband amplifiers is a highly important problem to the designer of electronic circuits. Throughout the electronics industry and in many research programs in physics and allied fields where extensive use is made of video amplifiers, the foremost requirement is a passband of maximum width. This is necessary if it is desired to achieve a more faithful reproduction of transient wave forms, a better time resolution in physical measurements, or perhaps just a wider band gain-frequency response to sine wave signals. The art of electronics is continually faced with this omnipresent amplifier problem. In particular, the instrumentation techniques of nuclear physics require amplifiers with short rise times, a high degree of gain stability, and a linear response to high signal levels. While the distributed amplifier may solve the problems of those seeking only a wide passband, the requirements of stability and linearity necessitate using feedback circuits. This paper considers feedback amplifiers from the standpoint of high-frequency performance. The circuit conditions for optimum steady-state (sinusoidal) and transient response are derived and practical circuits (both interstage and output) are presented which fulfill these conditions. In general, the results obtained may be applied to the low-frequency end.

Fitch, V.

1949-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

84

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplify amplify shotgun Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for my application, current feedback or voltage feedback... ) are not apparent. Today's CFB and VFB amplifiers have comparable performance, but there are cer- tain unique Source:...

85

E-Print Network 3.0 - audio power amplifier Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

amplifier Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: audio power amplifier...

86

E-Print Network 3.0 - audio power amplifiers Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

amplifiers Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: audio power amplifiers...

87

Quark-Gluon Bags with Surface Tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The temperature and chemical potential dependent surface tension of bags is introduced into the gas of quark-gluon bags model. This resolves a long standing problem of a unified description of the first and second order phase transition with the cross-over. Such an approach is necessary to model the complicated properties of quark-gluon plasma and hadronic matter from the first principles of statistical mechanics. The suggested model has an exact analytical solution and allows one to rigorously study the vicinity of the critical endpoint of the deconfinement phase transition. The existence of higher order phase transitions at the critical endpoint is discussed. In addition, we found that at the curve of a zero surface tension coefficient there must exist the surface induced phase tranition of the 2$^{nd}$ or higher order, which separates the pure quark gluon plasma (QGP) from the cross-over states, that are the mixed states of hadrons and QGP bags. Thus, the present model predicts that the critical endpoint of quantum chromodynamics is the tricritical endpoint.

Kyrill Bugaev

2007-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

88

Curved and diffuse interface effects on the nuclear surface tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We redefine the surface tension coefficient for a nuclear Fermi-liquid drop with a finite diffuse layer. Following Gibbs-Tolman concept, we introduce the equimolar radius R_e of sharp surface droplet at which the surface tension is applied and the radius of tension surface R_s which provides the minimum of the surface tension coefficient \\sigma. This procedure allows us to derive both the surface tension and the corresponding curvature correction (Tolman length) correctly for the curved and diffuse interface. We point out that the curvature correction depends significantly on the finite diffuse interface. This fact is missed in traditional nuclear considerations of curvature correction to the surface tension. We show that Tolman's length \\xi is negative for nuclear Fermi-liquid drop. The value of the Tolman length is only slightly sensitive to the Skyrme force parametrization and equals \\xi=-0.36 fm.

V. M. Kolomietz; S. V. Lukyanov; A. I. Sanzhur

2012-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

89

Linear amplifier model for optomechanical systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We model optomechanical systems as linear optical amplifiers. This provides a unified treatment of diverse optomechanical phenomena. We emphasize, in particular, the relationship between ponderomotive squeezing and optomechanically induced transparency, two foci of current research. We characterize the amplifier response to quantum and applied classical fluctuations, both optical and mechanical. Further, we apply these results to establish quantum limits on external force sensing both on and off cavity resonance. We find that the maximum sensitivity attained on resonance constitutes an absolute upper limit, not surpassed when detuning off cavity resonance. The theory is extended to a two-sided cavity with losses and limited detection efficiency.

Thierry Botter; Daniel W. C. Brooks; Nathan Brahms; Sydney Schreppler; Dan M. Stamper-Kurn

2012-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

90

Viscous fingering at ultralow interfacial tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We experimentally study the viscous fingering instability in a fluid-fluid phase separated colloid-polymer mixture by means of laser scanning confocal microscopy and microfluidics. We focus on three aspects of the instability. (i) The interface between the two demixed phases has an ultralow surface tension, such that we can address the role of thermal interface fluctuations. (ii) We image the interface in three dimensions allowing us to study the interplay between interface curvature and flow. (iii) The displacing fluid wets all walls completely, in contrast to traditional viscous fingering experiments, in which the displaced fluid wets the walls. We also perform lattice Boltzmann simulations, which help to interpret the experimental observations.

Siti Aminah Setu; Ioannis Zacharoudiou; Gareth J. Davies; Denis Bartolo; Sebastien Moulinet; Ard A. Louis; Julia M. Yeomans; Dirk G. A. L. Aarts

2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

91

Steady periodic gravity waves with surface tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we consider two-dimensional, stratified, steady water waves propagating over an impermeable flat bed and with a free surface. The motion is assumed to be driven by capillarity (that is, surface tension) on the surface and a gravitational force acting on the body of the fluid. We prove the existence of global continua of classical solutions that are periodic and traveling. This is accomplished by first constructing a 1-parameter family of laminar flow solutions, $\\mathcal{T}$, then applying bifurcation theory methods to obtain local curves of small amplitude solutions branching from $\\mathcal{T}$ at an eigenvalue of the linearized problem. Each solution curve is then continued globally by means of a degree theoretic theorem in the spirit of Rabinowitz. Finally, we complement the degree theoretic picture by proving an alternate global bifurcation theorem via the analytic continuation method of Dancer.

Samuel Walsh

2009-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

92

Multi-pass amplifier architecture for high power laser systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A main amplifier system includes a first reflector operable to receive input light through a first aperture and direct the input light along an optical path. The input light is characterized by a first polarization. The main amplifier system also includes a first polarizer operable to reflect light characterized by the first polarization state. The main amplifier system further includes a first and second set of amplifier modules. Each of the first and second set of amplifier modules includes an entrance window, a quarter wave plate, a plurality of amplifier slablets arrayed substantially parallel to each other, and an exit window. The main amplifier system additionally includes a set of mirrors operable to reflect light exiting the first set of amplifier modules to enter the second set of amplifier modules and a second polarizer operable to reflect light characterized by a second polarization state.

Manes, Kenneth R; Spaeth, Mary L; Erlandson, Alvin C

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Seismograph Amplifier With Resistance-Capacity Coupling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the passage of a cold front. It hes been...the com- plete weather picture at the time...been in continuous operation at Palisades for...satisfactory unattended operation. It is possible...amplifier. If battery operation is not desired...furnish the plate and heater voltages. The heaters...

E. W. Kammer

94

Optical amplifier-powered quantum optical amplification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I show that an optical amplifier, when combined with photon subtraction, can be used for quantum state amplification, adding noise at a level below the standard minimum. The device could be used to significantly decrease the probability of incorrectly identifying coherent states chosen from a finite set.

John Jeffers

2011-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

95

Optimized flashlamp pumping of disc amplifiers  

SciTech Connect

Disk amplifier design for inertial fusion lasers has evolved with changing fusion-driver requirements from a primary emphasis on gain to a primary emphasis on efficiency. In this paper we compare Shiva and Nova amplifiers to a developmental amplifier (SSA) and show greater than a two-fold improvement in efficiency over past designs under all operating conditions. Experiments to optimize the efficiency of the SSA show that preionization of the flashlamps produces significant benefits and that the packing fraction of lamps is more important than the flashlamp reflector shape. They also show that the optimized flashlamp pulselength and reflector geometry depend on the desired stored energy in the laser medium. We have demonstrated a 7% storage efficiency at a stored fluence per disk of 0.5 J/cm/sup 2/ (stored energy density of 0.06 J/cm/sup 3/) and 4% at 2.0 J/cm/sup 2/ (0.25 J/cm/sup 3/). Comparison of SSA measurements with storage-efficiency calculations show that our flashlamp model accurately predicts the single-pass pumping of disk amplifiers. 24 refs., 22 figs.

Murray, J.E.; Powell, H.T.; Woods, B.W.

1986-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

96

Fiber lasers and amplifiers by: Khanh Kieu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Active fibers · Laser performances · Cladding pump technology · Fiber laser research at the College fiber laser: > 1GW peak power! Tünnermann's group #12;What can fiber laser do? #12;Cladding pumpFiber lasers and amplifiers by: Khanh Kieu (02/28/2014) #12;Outlines · Introduction · History

Kieu, Khanh

97

Modulation instability in high power laser amplifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Widmayer, R. K. White, S. T. Yang, and B. M. VanWonterghem, "National Ignition Facility laser performanceModulation instability in high power laser amplifiers Alexander M. Rubenchik,1,* Sergey K. Turitsyn in high-power laser systems. The so-called B-integral restriction is commonly used as the criteria for MI

Turitsyn, Sergei K.

98

6. Instabilities 6.1 Surface tension driven instabilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6. Instabilities Apple® #12;6.1 Surface tension driven instabilities ? ? Es min, but slow Es · · #P1 a b Pb Pa #P2 - + viscous stress $ unstable surface tension $ stable (at the onset ! non linear;dynamics: viscous forces or inertia? viscous flow: Ohnesorge number inertia: ! inertia! viscous 6.1 Surface

Bico,José

99

Lecture Ch. 5a Surface tension (Kelvin effect)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Lecture Ch. 5a · Surface tension (Kelvin effect) ­ Hygroscopic growth (subsaturated humidity Surface Tension · By definition · By 1st Law (modified for surface area change) Kelvin Effect · Force: What happens to condensed H2O? ­ Precipitation processes Surface Thermodynamics · Surfaces require

Russell, Lynn

100

Lecture Ch. 5a Surface tension (Kelvin effect)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Lecture Ch. 5a · Surface tension (Kelvin effect) ­ Hygroscopic growth (subsaturated humidity: · Expansion against pressure difference Surface Tension · By definition · By 1st Law (modified for surface) ­ Saturation · Chemical potential (Raoult effect) · Nucleation ­ Competition between surface and chemical

Russell, Lynn

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Numerical Model of a Tensioner System and Flex Joint  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, to allow for static and dynamic simulation of a TTR connected to a floating structure through a tensioner system or buoyancy can, and a SCR connected to a floating structure through a flex joint. A tensioner system usually consists of three to four...

Huang, Han

2013-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

102

On the Early Tension between String Theory and Phenomenology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the Early Tension between String Theory and Phenomenology L. Clavelli Department of Physics noticeable tension between string theory and phenomenology in particle physics. It is interesting to muse theory and phenomenology is more easily understandable than that of the early days. Today it is primarily

Clavelli, Louis J.

103

Iraq's housing crisis : upgrading settlements for IDPS (internally displaced persons)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The most recent war in Iraq has resulted in a large wave of internal and external displacement with increased sectarian violence and ethnic tension. Subsequent conflict has exacerbated conditions within the nation and ...

Shaikley, Layla Karim

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Internal Structure, Hygroscopic and Reactive Properties of Mixed...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in wet, deliquesced particles were assessed using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and surface tension measurements. Internal structures of dry CH3SO3NaNaCl particles were...

105

Rogue wave impact on a tension leg platform: The effect of wave incidence angle and mooring line tension  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An understanding of the interaction between extreme ocean conditions and floating offshore platforms is required for their design and safe operation. Rogue wave impacts cannot easily be handled by traditional analytic or computational techniques. Here we use Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) to simulate the fully non-linear dynamics of a large breaking wave on a semi-submersible tension leg platform. We consider the effect of wave impact angle and mooring line pre-tension on the subsequent motion of the platform, and predict the maximum tension in each mooring line. The primary effect of wave impact angle is to determine the peak mooring line tension and line “slackness” during wave impact. A 45° impact results in the maximum tension on the leading line. The maximum heave, surge and pitch vary only slightly with wave angle. As mooring line pre-tension is increased, the duration of heave and pitch excursions is reduced. Peak mooring tension increases only slightly, but the incidence of mooring line “slack” decreases significantly for higher pre-tension. Properly applied, SPH has a wide application in predicting non-linear wave–structure interactions. Genuine opportunity exists for using SPH in the design of structures and mooring systems exposed to extreme ocean events such as rogue wave impact.

Murray Rudman; Paul W. Cleary

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Eutrophication of ancient Lake Ohrid: Global warming amplifies ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Eutrophication of ancient Lake Ohrid: Global warming amplifies detrimental effects of increased nutrient inputs. Matzinger, Andreas, Martin Schmid, Elizabeta

107

Dynamic Transitions of Surface Tension Driven Convection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the well-posedness and dynamic transitions of the surface tension driven convection in a three-dimensional (3D) rectangular box with non-deformable upper surface and with free-slip boundary conditions. It is shown that as the Marangoni number crosses the critical threshold, the system always undergoes a dynamic transition. In particular, two different scenarios are studied. In the first scenario, a single mode losing its stability at the critical parameter gives rise to either a Type-I (continuous) or a Type-II (jump) transition. The type of transitions is dictated by the sign of a computable non-dimensional parameter, and the numerical computation of this parameter suggests that a Type-I transition is favorable. The second scenario deals with the case where the geometry of the domain allows two critical modes which possibly characterize a hexagonal pattern. In this case we show that the transition can only be either a Type-II or a Type-III (mixed) transition depending on another computable non-dimensional parameter. We only encountered Type-III transition in our numerical calculations. The second part of the paper deals with the well-posedness and existence of global attractors for the problem.

Henk Dijkstra; Taylan Sengul; Shouhong Wang

2011-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

108

LM13700/LM13700A Dual Operational Transconductance Amplifiers with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LM13700/LM13700A Dual Operational Transconductance Amplifiers with Linearizing Diodes and Buffers General Description The LM13700 series consists of two current controlled transconductance amplifiers of the amplifiers. The output buffers of the LM13700 differ from those of the LM13600 in that their input bias

Lanterman, Aaron

109

Differential transimpedance amplifier circuit for correlated differential amplification  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A differential transimpedance amplifier circuit for correlated differential amplification. The amplifier circuit increase electronic signal-to-noise ratios in charge detection circuits designed for the detection of very small quantities of electrical charge and/or very weak electromagnetic waves. A differential, integrating capacitive transimpedance amplifier integrated circuit comprising capacitor feedback loops performs time-correlated subtraction of noise.

Gresham, Christopher A. (Albuquerque, NM); Denton, M. Bonner (Tucson, AZ); Sperline, Roger P. (Tucson, AZ)

2008-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

110

Quantitative differences in tissue surface tension influence zebrafish germ layer positioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantitative differences in tissue surface tension influence zebrafish germ layer positioning Eva surface tension, influences spatial positioning between zebrafish germ layer tissues. We show correlates with differences in tissue surface tension. We also show that germ layer tissues from untreated

Jülicher, Frank

111

Magnetic Amplifier for Power Flow Control  

SciTech Connect

GENI Project: ORNL is developing an electromagnet-based, amplifier-like device that will allow for complete control over the flow of power within the electric grid. To date, complete control of power flow within the grid has been prohibitively expensive. ORNL’s controller could provide a reliable, cost-effective solution to this problem. The team is combining two types of pre-existing technologies to assist in flow control, culminating in a prototype iron-based magnetic amplifier. Ordinarily, such a device would require expensive superconductive wire, but the magnetic iron core of ORNL’s device could serve as a low-cost alternative that is equally adept at regulating power flow.

None

2012-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

112

Surface tension in bilayer membranes with fixed projected area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the elastic response of bilayer membranes with fixed projected area to both stretching and shape deformations. A surface tension is associated to each of these deformations. By using model amphiphilic membranes and computer simulations, we are able to observe both the types of deformation, and thus, both the surface tensions, related to each type of deformation, are measured for the same system. These surface tensions are found to assume different values in the same bilayer membrane: in particular they vanish for different values of the projected area. We introduce a simple theory which relates the two quantities and successfully apply it to the data obtained with computer simulations.

Alberto Imparato

2006-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

113

Tension in the Recent Type Ia Supernovae Datasets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the present work, we investigate the tension in the recent Type Ia supernovae (SNIa) datasets Constitution and Union. We show that they are in tension not only with the observations of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropy and the baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO), but also with other SNIa datasets such as Davis and SNLS. Then, we find the main sources responsible for the tension. Further, we make this more robust by employing the method of random truncation. Based on the results of this work, we suggest two truncated versions of the Union and Constitution datasets, namely the UnionT and ConstitutionT SNIa samples, whose behaviors are more regular.

Hao Wei

2010-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

114

LM4651 & LM4652 OvertureTM Audio Power Amplifier 170W Class D Audio Power Amplifier Solution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LM4651 & LM4652 OvertureTM Audio Power Amplifier 170W Class D Audio Power Amplifier Solution General Description The IC combination of the LM4651 driver and the LM4652 power MOSFET provides a high efficiency, Class D sub- woofer amplifier solution. The LM4651 is a fully integrated conventional pulse width

Paderborn, Universität

115

A thermoacoustic traveling wave linear amplifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes an experiment to show linear amplification of traveling sound waves in a duct using a thermoacoustic regenerator. As noted by Ceperley [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 66 1508–1513 (1979)] a Stirling engine?type regenerator should act as an acoustic gain medium for traveling waves in a duct. This principle is used in thermoacoustic traveling wave engines to transfer power from heat reservoirs to acoustic energy. However it is difficult to produce finite gain for pure traveling wave impedance since viscous losses in the channels of the regenerator overcome the gain and previous workers have only been able to show reduced loss in such a system. Optimizing the regenerator design with numerical modeling and using a greater temperature difference suggest that a traveling wave thermal amplifier can produce 2 dB of real gain over two octaves for traveling waves in air. Such a device would amplify a broadband acoustic signal without electrical transducers. Design of the amplifier and experimental results will be shown.

Robert A. Hiller

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

E-Print Network 3.0 - aponeurotic tension model Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

resolution. Once tension effects are explicitly modeled with forces at the liquid interface, many... finite element method to discretize our model for the surface tension...

117

Acculturative tension between parents and adolescents in Latino households| A retrospective study of young adult Latinos.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This retrospective study explored young adult Latinos' perceptions of acculturative tension between themselves and their parents and how that tension, if any, affected their… (more)

Leon, Nancy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Climate-derived tensions in Arctic security.  

SciTech Connect

Globally, there is no lack of security threats. Many of them demand priority engagement and there can never be adequate resources to address all threats. In this context, climate is just another aspect of global security and the Arctic just another region. In light of physical and budgetary constraints, new security needs must be integrated and prioritized with existing ones. This discussion approaches the security impacts of climate from that perspective, starting with the broad security picture and establishing how climate may affect it. This method provides a different view from one that starts with climate and projects it, in isolation, as the source of a hypothetical security burden. That said, the Arctic does appear to present high-priority security challenges. Uncertainty in the timing of an ice-free Arctic affects how quickly it will become a security priority. Uncertainty in the emergent extreme and variable weather conditions will determine the difficulty (cost) of maintaining adequate security (order) in the area. The resolution of sovereignty boundaries affects the ability to enforce security measures, and the U.S. will most probably need a military presence to back-up negotiated sovereignty agreements. Without additional global warming, technology already allows the Arctic to become a strategic link in the global supply chain, possibly with northern Russia as its main hub. Additionally, the multinational corporations reaping the economic bounty may affect security tensions more than nation-states themselves. Countries will depend ever more heavily on the global supply chains. China has particular needs to protect its trade flows. In matters of security, nation-state and multinational-corporate interests will become heavily intertwined.

Backus, George A.; Strickland, James Hassler

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Optical control of surface-tension effects in complex nanofluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study coupling between light and nano-particle suspensions, through surface-tension effects in capillaries. Increasing light intensity far-away from the interface causes huge changes in the fluid level, manifesting ...

Rotschild, Carmel

120

Softening of edges of solids by surface tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface tension tends to minimize the area of interfaces between pieces of matter in different thermodynamic phases, be they in the solid or the liquid state. This can be relevant for the macroscopic shape of very soft solids, and lead to a roughening of initially sharp edges. We calculate this effect for a neo-Hookean elastic solid, with assumptions corresponding to actual experiments, namely the case where an initially sharp edge is rounded by the effect of surface tension felt when the fluid surrounding the soft solid (and so surface tension) is changed at the solid/liquid boundary. We consider two opposite limits where the analysis can be carried to the end, the one of a shallow angle and the one of a very sharp angle. Both cases yield a discontinuity of curvature in the state with surface tension although the initial state had a discontinuous slope.

Serge Mora; Yves Pomeau

2014-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Dropwise Condensation of Low Surface Tension Fluids on Omniphobic Surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compared to the significant body of work devoted to surface engineering for promoting dropwise condensation heat transfer of steam, much less attention has been dedicated to fluids with lower interfacial tension. A vast ...

Rykaczewski, Konrad

122

A analysis of the cathode coupled amplifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN ANALySIS 0 TH CATHODE COOFL D ~iPLIPIER A Thesis by FORREST JACKS RETLING-. . R Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of Committee 'Head of Department August, 1951 AN ANALYSIS OF THE CATHODE COUPLED. AMPLIFIER by FORHEST JAMES.... The Cathode-Coupled Amplif 1er Circuit 2. The Cathode-Coupled Amplif ier Circuit shnwing a. c. components only 3. The Approximate A. C. Fquivalent, Circuit Page 17 4 ~ Aoproximate Equivalent C1rcu its f' or Calculating Output Impedances 22 5...

Hetlinger, Forrest James

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

123

Undulations from amplified low frequency surface waves  

SciTech Connect

We study the linear scattering of gravity waves in longitudinal inhomogeneous stationary flows. When the flow becomes supercritical, it is known that counterflow propagating shallow waves are blocked and converted into deep waves. Here we show that in the zero-frequency limit, the reflected waves are amplified in such a way that the free surface develops an undulation, i.e., a zero-frequency wave of large amplitude with nodes located at specific places. This amplification involves negative energy waves and implies that flat surfaces are unstable against incoming perturbations of arbitrary small amplitude. The relation between this instability and black hole radiation (the Hawking effect) is established.

Coutant, Antonin, E-mail: antonin.coutant@aei.mpg.de [Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics, Albert Einstein Institute, Am Muhlenberg 1, 14476 Golm (Germany)] [Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics, Albert Einstein Institute, Am Muhlenberg 1, 14476 Golm (Germany); Parentani, Renaud, E-mail: renaud.parentani@th.u-psud.fr [Laboratoire de Physique Théorique, CNRS UMR 8627, Bâtiment 210, Université Paris-Sud 11, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France)] [Laboratoire de Physique Théorique, CNRS UMR 8627, Bâtiment 210, Université Paris-Sud 11, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

124

On Stokes flow driven by surface tension in the presence of a surfactant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On Stokes flow driven by surface tension in the presence of a surfactant G. Prokert Technische driven by surface tension. The surface tension coefficient is assumed to be a nonincreasing function a linear elliptic system. We will consider surface tension as the only driving mechanism. Mathematically

Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

125

A discontinuous Galerkin front tracking method for two-phase flows with surface tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A discontinuous Galerkin front tracking method for two-phase flows with surface tension Vinh with surface tension. Ã? 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Interfaces separating regions tension. In this case, the interface separates two different fluids and the effect of surface tension re

Peraire, Jaime

126

Jump conditions and dynamic surface tension at permeable interfaces such as the inner core boundary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jump conditions and dynamic surface tension at permeable interfaces such as the inner core boundary as the density and viscosity changes. Independently of any intrinsic surface tension, a dynamic surface tension, a possibly anisotropic surface tension and terms including an interface mass density. In pratice

127

Convection in Arc Weld Pools Electromagnetic and surface tension forces are shown to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Convection in Arc Weld Pools Electromagnetic and surface tension forces are shown to dominate flow tension forces. It is shown that the electromag- netic and surface tension forces domi- nate the flow by experimental measurements of segrega- tion in the weld pool. It is also shown that the surface tension driven

Eagar, Thomas W.

128

What controls surface tension and cell sorting in tissue formation and morphogenesis?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What controls surface tension and cell sorting in tissue formation and morphogenesis? Living as an emergent material property called surface tension. Similarly, cohesive interactions between cells, mediated surface tension of cohesive cells is, however, more complex than conventional surface tension. Like

Mather, Patrick T.

129

On Stokes flow driven by surface tension in the presence of a surfactant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On Stokes flow driven by surface tension in the presence of a surfactant G. Prokert Technische driven by surface tension. The surface tension coe#cient is assumed to be a nonincreasing function a linear elliptic system. We will consider surface tension as the only driving mechanism. Mathematically

Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

130

The Role of Bag Surface Tension in Color Confinement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss here the novel view at the color confinement which, on the one hand, allows us to find out the surface tension coefficient of quark gluon bags and, under a plausible assumption, to determine the endpoint temperature of the QCD phase diagram, on the other hand. The present model considers the confining color tube as the cylindrical quark gluon bag with non-zero surface tension. A close inspection of the free energies of elongated cylindrical bag and the confining color tube that connects the static quark-antiquark pair allows us to find out the string tension in terms of the surface tension, thermal pressure and the bag radius. Using the derived relation it is possible to estimate the bag surface tension at zero temperature directly from the lattice QCD data and to estimate the (tri)critical endpoint temperature. In the present analysis the topological free energy of the cylindrical bag is accounted for the first time. The requirement of positive entropy density of such bags leads to negative values of the surface tension coefficient of quark gluon bags at the cross-over region, i.e. at the continuous transition to deconfined quarks and gluons. We argue that the cross-over existence at supercritical temperatures in ordinary liquids is also provided by the negative surface tension coefficient values. It is shown that the confining tube model naturally accounts for an existence of a very pronounced surprising maximum of the tube entropy observed in the lattice QCD simulations, which, as we argue, signals about the fractional surface formation of the confining tube. In addition, using the developed formalism we suggest the gas of free tubes model and demonstrate that it contains two phases.

K. A. Bugaev; A. I. Ivanytskyi

2011-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

131

Surface tension with Normal Curvature in Curved Space-Time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With an aim to include the contribution of surface tension in the action of the boundary, we define the tangential pressure in terms of surface tension and Normal curvature in a more naturally geometric way. First, we show that the negative tangential pressure is independent of the four-velocity of a very thin hyper-surface. Second, we relate the 3-pressure of a surface layer to the normal curvature and the surface tension. Third, we relate the surface tension to the energy of the surface layer. Four, we show that the delta like energy flows across the hyper-surface will be zero for such a representation of intrinsic 3-pressure. Five, for the weak field approximation and for static spherically symmetric configuration, we deduce the classical Kelvin's relation. Six, we write a modified action for the boundary having contributions both from surface tension and normal curvature of the surface layer. Also we propose a method to find the physical action assuming a reference background, where the background is not flat.

Himanshu kumar; Sharf Alam; Suhail Ahmad

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Surface tension in the dilute Ising model. The Wulff construction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the surface tension and the phenomenon of phase coexistence for the Ising model on $\\mathbbm{Z}^d$ ($d \\geqslant 2$) with ferromagnetic but random couplings. We prove the convergence in probability (with respect to random couplings) of surface tension and analyze its large deviations : upper deviations occur at volume order while lower deviations occur at surface order. We study the asymptotics of surface tension at low temperatures and relate the quenched value $\\tau^q$ of surface tension to maximal flows (first passage times if $d = 2$). For a broad class of distributions of the couplings we show that the inequality $\\tau^a \\leqslant \\tau^q$ -- where $\\tau^a$ is the surface tension under the averaged Gibbs measure -- is strict at low temperatures. We also describe the phenomenon of phase coexistence in the dilute Ising model and discuss some of the consequences of the media randomness. All of our results hold as well for the dilute Potts and random cluster models.

Marc Wouts

2008-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

133

Rupture of a Biomembrane under Dynamic Surface Tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How long a fluid membrane vesicle stressed with a steady ramp of micropipette last before rupture? Or conversely, how high the surface tension should be to rupture a membrane? To answer these challenging questions we have developed a theoretical framework that allows description and reproduction of Dynamic Tension Spectroscopy (DTS) observations. The kinetics of the membrane rupture under ramps of surface tension is described as a combination of initial pore formation followed by Brownian process of the pore radius crossing the time-dependent energy barrier. We present the formalism and derive (formal) analytical expression of the survival probability describing the fate of the membrane under DTS conditions. Using numerical simulations for the membrane prepared in an initial state with a given distribution of times for pore nucleation, we have studied the membrane lifetime (or inverse of rupture rate) and distribution of membrane surface tension at rupture as a function of membrane characteristics like pore nucleation rate, the energy barrier to failure and tension loading rate. It is found that simulations reproduce main features of the experimental data, particularly, the pore nucleation and pore size diffusion controlled limits of membrane rupture dynamics. This approach can also be applied to processes of permeation and pore opening in membranes (electroporation, membrane disruption by antimicrobial peptides, vesicle fusion).

D. J. Bicout; E. I. Kats

2011-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

134

Amplifying Magnetic Fields in High Energy Density Plasmas | U...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Amplifying Magnetic Fields in High Energy Density Plasmas Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) FES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of FES Funding Opportunities...

135

Precision absolute-value amplifier for a precision voltmeter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Bipolar inputs are afforded by the plus inputs of first and second differential input amplifiers. A first gain determining resistor is connected between the minus inputs of the differential amplifiers. First and second diodes are connected between the respective minus inputs and the respective outputs of the differential amplifiers. First and second FETs have their gates connected to the outputs of the amplifiers, while their respective source and drain circuits are connected between the respective minus inputs and an output lead extending to a load resistor. The output current through the load resistor is proportional to the absolute value of the input voltage difference between the bipolar input terminals. A third differential amplifier has its plus input terminal connected to the load resistor. A second gain determining resistor is connected between the minus input of the third differential amplifier and a voltage source. A third FET has its gate connected to the output of the third amplifier. The source and drain circuit of the third transistor is connected between the minus input of the third amplifier and a voltage-frequency converter, constituting an output device. A polarity detector is also provided, comprising a pair of transistors having their inputs connected to the outputs of the first and second differential amplifiers. The outputs of the polarity detector are connected to gates which switch the output of the voltage-frequency converter between up and down counting outputs.

Hearn, W.E.; Rondeau, D.J.

1982-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

136

Surface tension and contact with soft elastic solids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Johnson-Kendall-Robert (JKR) theory is the basis of modern contact mechanics. It describes how two deformable objects adhere together, driven by adhesion energy and opposed by elasticity. However, it does not include solid surface tension, which also opposes adhesion by acting to flatten the surface of soft solids. We tested JKR theory to see if solid surface tension affects indentation behaviour. Using confocal microscopy, we characterised the indentation of glass particles into soft, silicone substrates. While JKR theory held for particles larger than a critical, elastocapillary lengthscale, it failed for smaller particles. Instead, adhesion of small particles mimicked the adsorption of particles at a fluid interface, with a size-independent contact angle between the undeformed surface and the particle given by a generalised version of Young's law. A simple theory quantitatively captures this behaviour, and explains how solid surface tension dominates elasticity for small-scale indentation of soft materials.

Robert W. Style; Callen Hyland; Rostislav Boltyanskiy; John S. Wettlaufer; Eric R. Dufresne

2013-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

137

The critical tension in the 6D Cascading DGP model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the presence of ghosts in the Cascading DGP model. We start by discussing the problem of the cosmological late time acceleration, and we introduce the modified gravity approach. We then focus on brane induced gravity models and in particular on the Cascading DGP model. We consider a specific realization of the latter model, and we study first order perturbations around pure tension solutions. In the scalar sector of a 4D scalar-vector-tensor decomposition, the dynamics on the 4D brane can be described by a master equation where a critical tension emerges in a suitable 4D limit. We give a geometrical interpretation of this critical tension, and explain its relevance for the presence of ghosts in the theory. We comment on the difference between our result and the one present in the literature, and stress its importance regarding the phenomenological viability of the model. We finally provide a numerical check which confirms the validity of our analysis.

Sbisa', Fulvio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Line tension vector thermodynamics of anisotropic contact lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Multiphase materials with intersecting diving surfaces give rise to contact lines. A line tension vector thermodynamics formalism is developed and used to analyze contact line problems in the presence of anisotropy, taking into account two elastic modes: change in contact line length and change in contact line orientation. Using this formalism, the contact line-shape equation is derived, and the renormalization of the line tension due to anisotropy is characterized. The correspondence and analogies between the shape equation for anisotropic surfaces (Herring equation) and the shape equation for contact lines is established. Line energies for nematic liquid crystals, representative of generic anisotropic contact lines, are used to derive a shape equation that takes into account ambient orientation effects. It is found that anisotropic line tension may promote bending and chiral modes to avoid unfavorable orientations of the contact line with respect to the ambient nematic ordering.

Alejandro D. Rey

2004-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

139

PARAMETERIZATIONS FOR THE KELVIN (SURFACE TENSION) EFFECT ON THE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PARAMETERIZATIONS FOR THE KELVIN (SURFACE TENSION) EFFECT ON THE PARAMETERIZATIONS FOR THE KELVIN (SURFACE TENSION) EFFECT ON THE EQUILIBRIUM RADIUS AND ASSOCIATED OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF A HYGROSCOPIC AEROSOL PARTICLE Lewis, Ernie Brookhaven National Laboratory Schwartz, Stephen Brookhaven National Laboratory Category: Aerosols The equilibrium size of an atmospheric aerosol particle is a key property, affecting its light-scattering coefficient and asymmetry parameter, and hence its radiative influence. For a hygroscopic particle of given composition this size is determined by the particle dry mass (which can alternatively be expressed as the volume-equivalent dry radius rdry) and the fractional relative humidity h (ºRH/100). Surface tension also affects this equilibrium size (Kelvin effect) and thus the associated properties.

140

Surface tension mediated conversion of light to work  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are a method and apparatus for converting light energy to mechanical energy by modification of surface tension on a supporting fluid. The apparatus comprises an object which may be formed as a composite object comprising a support matrix and a highly light absorptive material. The support matrix may comprise a silicon polymer. The highly light absorptive material may comprise vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VANTs) embedded in the support matrix. The composite object is supported on a fluid. By exposing the highly light absorptive material to light, heat is generated, which changes the surface tension of the composite object, causing it to move physically within the fluid.

Okawa, David; Pastine, Stefan J; Zettl, Alexander K; Frechet, Jean M. J

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Rippled beam free electron laser amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A free electron laser amplifier provides a scalloping annular electron beam that interacts with the axial electric field of a TM.sub.0n mode. A waveguide defines an axial centerline and, a solenoid arranged about the waveguide produces an axial constant magnetic field within the waveguide. An electron beam source outputs a annular electron beam that interacts with the axial magnetic field to have an equilibrium radius and a ripple radius component having a variable radius with a ripple period along the axial centerline. An rf source outputs an axial electric field that propagates within the waveguide coaxial with the electron beam and has a radial mode that interacts at the electron beam at the equilibrium radius component of the electron beam.

Carlsten, Bruce E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

PNP General Purpose Amplifier This device is designed for general purpose amplifier and switching  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

purpose amplifier and switching applications at collector currents of 10 µA to 100 mA. Absolute Maximum - Continuous 200 mA TJ, Tstg Operating and Storage Junction Temperature Range -55 to +150 °C 2001 Fairchild-Emitter Breakdown Voltage* IC = 1.0 mA, IB = 0 40 V V(BR)CBO Collector-Base Breakdown Voltage IC = 10 µA, IE = 0 40

Ravikumar, B.

143

NPN General Purpose Amplifier This device is designed as a general purpose amplifier and switch.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as a general purpose amplifier and switch. The useful dynamic range extends to 100 mA as a switch and to 100-Base Voltage 6.0 V IC Collector Current - Continuous 200 mA TJ, Tstg Operating and Storage Junction Temperature Parameter Test Conditions Min Max Units V(BR)CEO Collector-Emitter Breakdown Voltage IC = 1.0 mA, IB = 0 40

Ravikumar, B.

144

Backward-wave vacuum amplifier for THz amplification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Backward-wave regime is suitable for the realization of THz vacuum amplifiers. The advantages in terms of structure dimensions, losses and low beam voltage are demonstrated. A 1 THz backward-wave amplifier is presented showing more that 18 dB gain and ...

Mauro Mineo; Claudio Paoloni; David Bariou; Jean-Francois David; Alain J. Durand

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Load apparatus and method for bolt-loaded compact tension test specimen  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A bolt-loaded compact tension test specimen load apparatus includes: (a) a body having first and second opposing longitudinal ends, the first end comprising an externally threaded portion sized to be threadedly received within the test specimen threaded opening; (b) a longitudinal loading rod having first and second opposing longitudinal ends, the loading rod being slidably received in a longitudinal direction within the body internally through the externally threaded portion and slidably extending longitudinally outward of the body first longitudinal end; (c) a force sensitive transducer slidably received within the body and positioned to engage relative to the loading rod second longitudinal end; and (d) a loading bolt threadedly received relative to the body, the loading bolt having a bearing end surface and being positioned to bear against the transducer to forcibly sandwich the transducer between the loading bolt and loading rod. Also disclosed is a method of in situ determining applied force during crack propagation in a bolt-loaded compact tension test specimen. 6 figs.

Buescher, B.J. Jr.; Lloyd, W.R.; Ward, M.B.; Epstein, J.S.

1997-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

146

Load apparatus and method for bolt-loaded compact tension test specimen  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A bolt-loaded compact tension test specimen load apparatus includes: a) a body having first and second opposing longitudinal ends, the first end comprising an externally threaded portion sized to be threadedly received within the test specimen threaded opening; b) a longitudinal loading rod having first and second opposing longitudinal ends, the loading rod being slidably received in a longitudinal direction within the body internally through the externally threaded portion and slidably extending longitudinally outward of the body first longitudinal end; c) a force sensitive transducer slidably received within the body and positioned to engage relative to the loading rod second longitudinal end; and d) a loading bolt threadedly received relative to the body, the loading bolt having a bearing end surface and being positioned to bear against the transducer to forcibly sandwich the transducer between the loading bolt and loading rod. Also disclosed is a method of in situ determining applied force during crack propagation in a bolt-loaded compact tension test specimen.

Buescher, Jr., Brent J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Lloyd, W. Randolph (Idaho Falls, ID); Ward, Michael B. (Idaho Falls, ID); Epstein, Jonathan S. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Simulation and Analysis of Superconducting Traveling-Wave Parametric Amplifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Superconducting parametric amplifiers have great promise for quantum-limited readout of superconducting qubits and detectors. Until recently, most superconducting parametric amplifiers had been based on resonant structures, limiting their bandwidth and dynamic range. Broadband traveling-wave parametric amplifiers based both on the nonlinear kinetic inductance of superconducting thin films and on Josephson junctions are in development. By modifying the dispersion property of the amplifier circuit, referred to as dispersion engineering, the gain can be greatly enhanced and the size can be reduced. We present two theoretical frameworks for analyzing and understanding such parametric amplifiers: (1) generalized coupled-mode equations and (2) a finite difference time domain (FDTD) model combined with a small signal analysis. We show how these analytical and numerical tools may be used to understand device performance.

Saptarshi Chaudhuri; Jiansong Gao; Kent Irwin

2015-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

148

Fiber optic signal amplifier using thermoelectric power generation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A remote fiber optic signal amplifier for use as a repeater/amplifier, such as in transoceanic communications, powered by a Pu{sub 238} or Sr{sub 90} thermoelectric generator. The amplifier comprises a unit with connections on the receiving and sending sides of the communications system, and an erbium-doped fiber amplifier connecting each sending fiber to each receiving fiber. The thermoelectric generator, preferably a Pu{sub 238} or Sr{sub 90} thermoelectric generator delivers power to the amplifiers through a regulator. The heat exchange surfaces of the thermoelectric generator are made of materials resistant to corrosion and biological growth and are directly exposed to the outside, such as the ocean water in transoceanic communications. 2 figs.

Hart, M.M.

1995-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

149

Fiber optic signal amplifier using thermoelectric power generation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A remote fiber optic signal amplifier for use as a repeater/amplifier, such as in transoceanic communications, powered by a Pu.sub.238 or Sr.sub.90 thermoelectric generator. The amplifier comprises a unit with connections on the receiving and sending sides of the communications system, and an erbium-doped fiber amplifier connecting each sending fiber to each receiving fiber. The thermoelectric generator, preferably a Pu.sub.238 or Sr.sub.90 thermoelectric generator delivers power to the amplifiers through a regulator. The heat exchange surfaces of the thermoelectric generator are made of materials resistant to corrosion and biological growth and are directly exposed to the outside, such as the ocean water in transoceanic communications.

Hart, Mark M. (Aiken, SC)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Original article A study on growth stresses, tension wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original article A study on growth stresses, tension wood distribution and other related wood variations of wood structure (specific gravity and pulp yield), and the transverse mechanical resistance of wood. To investigate growth stresses, longitudinal displacements after stress release were estimated

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

151

The Surface Tension of Quark Matter in a Geometrical Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The surface tension of quark matter plays a crucial role for the possibility of quark matter nucleation during the formation of compact stellar objects, because it determines the nucleation rate and the associated critical size. However, this quantity is not well known and the theoretical estimates fall within a wide range, $\\gamma_0 \\approx 5-300 MeV/fm^2$. We show here that once the equation of state is available one may use a geometrical approach to obtain a numerical value for the surface tension that is consistent with the model approximations adopted. We illustrate this method within the two-flavor linear \\sigma model and the Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model with two and three flavors. Treating these models in the mean-field approximation, we find $\\gamma_0 \\approx 7-30 MeV/fm^2$. Such a relatively small surface tension would favor the formation of quark stars and may thus have significant astrophysical implications. We also investigate how the surface tension decreases towards zero as the temperature is raised from zero to its critical value.

Marcus B. Pinto; Volker Koch; Jorgen Randrup

2012-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

152

THE EFFECT OF SURFACE TENSION IN MODELING INTERFACIAL FRACTURE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE EFFECT OF SURFACE TENSION IN MODELING INTERFACIAL FRACTURE By Tsvetanka Sendova and Jay R Fracture Tsvetanka Sendova and Jay R. Walton Institute for Mathematics and Its Applications, University@math.tamu.edu Abstract. In this article the problem of an interface fracture between two isotropic linear elas- tic

153

Myosin II-Mediated Focal Adhesion Maturation Is Tension Insensitive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Myosin II-Mediated Focal Adhesion Maturation Is Tension Insensitive Jonathan Stricker1,2 , Yvonne and stability in a force- insensitive fashion. Citation: Stricker J, Beckham Y, Davidson MW, Gardel ML (2013 Received April 10, 2013; Accepted June 20, 2013; Published July 29, 2013 Copyright: Ã? 2013 Stricker et al

Gardel, Margaret

154

An experimental investigation of the surface tension of seawater  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface tension of seawater was measured for absolute salinities S = (20.01, 35.18, 40.49, 79.39, 121.54) g/kg across a temperature range of T = (0 - 90)°C at atmospheric pressure using the Wilhelmy plate method. The ...

Nayar, Kishor Govind

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Apparatus producing constant cable tension for intermittent demand  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosed apparatus produces constant tension in superconducting electrical cable, or some other strand, under conditions of intermittent demand, as the cable is unreeled from a reel or reeled thereon. The apparatus comprises a pivotally supported swing frame on which the reel is rotatably supported, a rotary motor, a drive train connected between the motor and the reel and including an electrically controllable variable torque slip clutch, a servo transducer connected to the swing frame for producing servo input signals corresponding to the position thereof, a servo control system connected between the transducer and the clutch for regulating the torque transmitted by the clutch to maintain the swing frame in a predetermined position, at least one air cylinder connected to the swing frame for counteracting the tension in the cable, and pressure regulating means for supplying a constant air pressure to the cylinder to establish the constant tension in the cable, the servo system and the clutch being effective to produce torque on the reel in an amount sufficient to provide tension in the cable corresponding to the constant force exerted by the air cylinder. The drive train also preferably includes a fail-safe brake operable to its released position by electrical power in common with the servo system, for preventing rotation of the reel if there is a power failure. A shock absorber and biasing springs may also be connected to the swing frame, such springs biasing the frame toward its predetermined position. The tension in the cable may be measured by force measuring devices engageable with the bearings for the reel shaft, such bearings being supported for slight lateral movement. The reel shaft is driven by a Shmidt coupler which accommodates such movement.

Lauritzen, Ted (Lafayette, CA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Phylogenetic analysis of sclerospora graminicola using internal transcribed spaced region-2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The internal transcribed spacer region (ITS) from fourteen samples of Sclerospora graminicola was amplified using a nested PCR. These regions of the rDNA were amplified by a combination of conserved primers (ITS 1 and 6 and ITS 3 and 4...

Viswanathan, Aparna

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

157

Ambient temperature cadmium zinc telluride radiation detector and amplifier circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A low noise, low power consumption, compact, ambient temperature signal amplifier for a Cadmium Zinc Telluride (CZT) radiation detector. The amplifier can be used within a larger system (e.g., including a multi-channel analyzer) to allow isotopic analysis of radionuclides in the field. In one embodiment, the circuit stages of the low power, low noise amplifier are constructed using integrated circuit (IC) amplifiers , rather than discrete components, and include a very low noise, high gain, high bandwidth dual part preamplification stage, an amplification stage, and an filter stage. The low noise, low power consumption, compact, ambient temperature amplifier enables the CZT detector to achieve both the efficiency required to determine the presence of radio nuclides and the resolution necessary to perform isotopic analysis to perform nuclear material identification. The present low noise, low power, compact, ambient temperature amplifier enables a CZT detector to achieve resolution of less than 3% full width at half maximum at 122 keV for a Cobalt-57 isotope source. By using IC circuits and using only a single 12 volt supply and ground, the novel amplifier provides significant power savings and is well suited for prolonged portable in-field use and does not require heavy, bulky power supply components.

McQuaid, James H. (Livermore, CA); Lavietes, Anthony D. (Hayward, CA)

1998-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

158

Ambient temperature cadmium zinc telluride radiation detector and amplifier circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A low noise, low power consumption, compact, ambient temperature signal amplifier for a Cadmium Zinc Telluride (CZT) radiation detector is disclosed. The amplifier can be used within a larger system (e.g., including a multi-channel analyzer) to allow isotopic analysis of radionuclides in the field. In one embodiment, the circuit stages of the low power, low noise amplifier are constructed using integrated circuit (IC) amplifiers , rather than discrete components, and include a very low noise, high gain, high bandwidth dual part preamplification stage, an amplification stage, and an filter stage. The low noise, low power consumption, compact, ambient temperature amplifier enables the CZT detector to achieve both the efficiency required to determine the presence of radionuclides and the resolution necessary to perform isotopic analysis to perform nuclear material identification. The present low noise, low power, compact, ambient temperature amplifier enables a CZT detector to achieve resolution of less than 3% full width at half maximum at 122 keV for a Cobalt-57 isotope source. By using IC circuits and using only a single 12 volt supply and ground, the novel amplifier provides significant power savings and is well suited for prolonged portable in-field use and does not require heavy, bulky power supply components. 9 figs.

McQuaid, J.H.; Lavietes, A.D.

1998-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

159

Isolated thermocouple amplifier system for stirred fixed-bed gasifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensing system is provided for determining the bed temperature profile of the bed of a stirred, fixed-bed gasifier including a plurality of temperature sensors for sensing the bed temperature at different levels, a transmitter for transmitting data based on the outputs of the sensors to a remote operator's station, and a battery-based power supply. The system includes an isolation amplifier system comprising a plurality of isolation amplifier circuits for amplifying the outputs of the individual sensors. The isolation amplifier circuits each comprise an isolation operational amplifier connected to a sensor; a first "flying capacitor" circuit for, in operation, controlling the application of power from the power supply to the isolation amplifier; an output sample and hold circuit connected to the transmitter; a second "flying capacitor" circuit for, in operation, controlling the transfer of the output of the isolation amplifier to the sample and hold circuit; and a timing and control circuit for activating the first and second capacitor circuits in a predetermined timed sequence.

Fasching, George E. (Morgantown, WV)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Physica D 143 (2000) 169186 Surface tension-driven convection patterns in two liquid layers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physica D 143 (2000) 169­186 Surface tension-driven convection patterns in two liquid layers Anne a liquid layer with a free surface is heated from below, both surface tension gradients and buoyancy may

Texas at Austin. University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Ignition feedback regenerative free electron laser (FEL) amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ignition feedback regenerative amplifier consists of an injector, a linear accelerator with energy recovery, and a high-gain free electron laser amplifier. A fraction of the free electron laser output is coupled to the input to operate the free electron laser in the regenerative mode. A mode filter in this loop prevents run away instability. Another fraction of the output, after suitable frequency up conversion, is used to drive the photocathode. An external laser is provided to start up both the amplifier and the injector, thus igniting the system.

Kim, Kwang-Je (Burr Ridge, IL); Zholents, Alexander (Walnut Creek, CA); Zolotorev, Max (Oakland, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplifier design methodology Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The basic amplifier design... of high-speed operational amplifiers in both CFB and VFB topologies allows ... Source: Lanterman, Aaron - School of Electrical and...

163

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplifier output power Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Engineering 73 Current vs. Voltage Feedback Amplifiers Summary: specifications and why CFB amplifiers have higher bandwidths for the same power and better linear phase... of the...

164

All-fiber optical parametric amplifier for life-science application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate an all-fiber optical parametric amplifier for life-science (OPALS) application. Optical amplification of megahertz serial time-encoded amplified microscopy (STEAM)...

Wei, Xiaoming; Lau, Andy; Xu, Yiqing; Zhang, Chi; Mussot, Arnaud; Kudlinski, Alexandre; Tsia, Kevin; Wong, Kenneth

165

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplifying circuit targeting Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

However, the classical Doherty amplifier can hardly... demonstrated with a 2.45-GHz power amplifier module. 11. ... Source: Kwon, Youngwoo - School of Electrical Engineering...

166

A continuous surface tension force formulation for diffuse-interface models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A continuous surface tension force formulation for diffuse-interface models Junseok Kim October 2004 Available online 30 November 2004 Abstract We present a new surface tension force formulation field because pressure includes the gradient terms resulting from the modified surface tension term

Frey, Pascal

167

Accurate representation of surface tension using the level contour reconstruction method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accurate representation of surface tension using the level contour reconstruction method Seungwon methods for two-phase flows with surface tension which use fixed Eulerian grids occur at the two extremes surface tension forces. We present improvements to the interface reconstruction procedure in the level

Frey, Pascal

168

The effect of surface tension on the Moore singularity of vortex sheet dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of surface tension on the Moore singularity of vortex sheet dynamics F. de la Hoz , M's singularities by surface tension in the evolution of vortex sheets and its dependence on Weber number (which is inversely proportional to surface tension coefficient). The curvature of the vortex sheet, instead

Fontelos, Marco

169

Stationary free surface viscous flows without surface tension in three dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stationary free surface viscous flows without surface tension in three dimensions Frederic Abergel dimensional channel. In the absence of surface tension, we prove the existence of a unique stationary solution is not elliptic when surface tension is neglected. Hence, analysis such as that made in [4] or [17] fails

Boyer, Edmond

170

Henry's law, surface tension, and surface adsorption in dilute binary mixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Henry's law, surface tension, and surface adsorption in dilute binary mixtures Akira Onukia. The solute partitioning between gas and liquid Henry's law and the surface tension change are discussed fraction X and the temperature-derivative / T cx,p of the surface tension at fixed pressure p

171

Surface layering of liquids: Is surface tension the dominant factor? Oleg Shpyrko,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface layering of liquids: Is surface tension the dominant factor? Oleg Shpyrko,1 Masafumi Fukuto near a hard flat surface and at first it is tempt- ing to think that the large surface tension that the free surface of water, which has nearly the same surface tension as K, does not exhibit SL features

Fukuto, Masafumi

172

Numerical Analysis of Cell Deformation of Twophase Flow with Discontinuous Viscosity and Nonlinear Surface Tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­linear Surface Tension Zhilin Li and Sharon Lubkin Center For Research in Scientific Computation & Department equations, cell deformation, non­linear surface tension, jump conditions, interface, discontinuous and non boundary separating two fluids that have equal or different viscosity and non­linear surface tension

173

BERTOZZI,A.L. Lubrication Approximations for Surface Tension Driven Interfaces: Some  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BERTOZZI,A.L. Lubrication Approximations for Surface Tension Driven Interfaces: Some Open Problems approxi- mation of fluid interfaces driven by surface tension. A number of different physical examples are considered. Free surface flow in which surface tension plays a role in the dynamics of an interface

Ball, John M.

174

Effective Darcy-scale contact angles in porous media imbibing solutions of various surface tensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effective Darcy-scale contact angles in porous media imbibing solutions of various surface tensions was to develop and test a methodology to determine whether these surface tension effects predictably alter of 25° for the NaNO3 solution solely on the basis of surface tension contrast. The results of this study

Selker, John

175

Surface tension of a Lennard-Jones liquid under supersaturation Songnian He and Phil Attard*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface tension of a Lennard-Jones liquid under supersaturation Songnian He and Phil Attard* School A formally exact Kirkwood­Buff virial formula for the surface tension of a supersaturated interface-vapor interface. The Kirkwood­Buff results for the supersaturated surface tension are found to be in reasonable

Attard, Phil

176

ORIGINAL PAPER On the Role of the Difference in Surface Tensions Involved  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ORIGINAL PAPER On the Role of the Difference in Surface Tensions Involved in the Allosteric was to develop the relationship between membrane surface tension, and the allosteric balance in a difference in surface tensions that is involved in the creation of a reservoir of intracellular vesicles

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

177

Equilibrium behavior of sessile drops under surface tension, applied external fields, and material variations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Equilibrium behavior of sessile drops under surface tension, applied external fields, and material properties such as dielectric constants, resistivities, and surface tension coefficients. The analysis energy storage in the liquid, will lead to 1/R ``line-tension''-type terms if and only if the energy

Shapiro, Benjamin

178

Implicit Surface Tension Formulation with a Lagrangian Surface mesh on an Eulerian Simulation Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Implicit Surface Tension Formulation with a Lagrangian Surface mesh on an Eulerian Simulation Grid framework for forces on a Lagrangian mesh to the case of surface tension force, which when treated explicitly leads to a tight t = O(x3/2 ) time step restriction. By applying surface tension as an implicit

Thrun, Sebastian

179

On the surface tension of directed linear polymers V. B. Priezzhev and S. A. Terletsky  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

599 On the surface tension of directed linear polymers V. B. Priezzhev and S. A. Terletsky Joint 03C13/2 coïncide avec celle obtenue pour la tension de surface d'un modèle isotrope par des arguments properties [1-3]. When p is large, the surface tension depends on the intermolecular interaction

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

180

Marangoni convection induced by a nonlinear temperature-dependent surface tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

23 Marangoni convection induced by a nonlinear temperature-dependent surface tension A. Cloot and G'instabilité de Marangoni dans une mince lame horizontale de fluide lorsque la tension de surface est une fonction ofthe surface- tension with respect to the temperature is studied. This behaviour is typical of some

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

GLOBAL EXISTENCE FOR A TRANSLATING NEAR-CIRCULAR HELE-SHAW BUBBLE WITH SURFACE TENSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GLOBAL EXISTENCE FOR A TRANSLATING NEAR-CIRCULAR HELE-SHAW BUBBLE WITH SURFACE TENSION J. YE1 AND S for any nonzero surface tension despite the fact that a local planar approximation near the front problem, Dissipative equations, Hele-Shaw prob- lem, Translating bubbles, Surface tension Mathematics

Tanveer, Saleh

182

Variational formulations for surface tension, capillarity and wetting Gustavo C. Buscaglia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Variational formulations for surface tension, capillarity and wetting Gustavo C. Buscaglia Keywords: Surface tension Marangoni force Capillarity Virtual-work principle Surface gradient Laplace-Beltrami operator a b s t r a c t The interest in the simulation of flows with significant surface tension effects

Buscaglia, Gustavo C.

183

An accurate adaptive solver for surface-tension-driven interfacial flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An accurate adaptive solver for surface-tension-driven interfacial flows Stéphane Popinet National Volume-Of- Fluid interface representation, balanced-force continuum-surface-force surface tension is shown to recover exact equilibrium (to machine accuracy) between surface- tension and pressure gradient

Frey, Pascal

184

Surface Tension of Electrolyte Interfaces: Ionic Specificity within a Field-Theory Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface Tension of Electrolyte Interfaces: Ionic Specificity within a Field-Theory Approach Tomer, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia (Dated: November 19, 2014) We study the surface tension of ionic solutions expansion beyond the mean-field result. We calculate the excess surface tension and obtain analytical

Andelman, David

185

Stationary free surface viscous ows without surface tension in three dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stationary free surface viscous ows without surface tension in three dimensions Frederic Abergel owing down a three dimensional channel. In the absence of surface tension, we prove the existence is not elliptic when surface tension is neglected. Hence, analysis such as that made in [4] or [17] fails

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

186

Surface tension of electrolytes: Hydrophilic and hydrophobic ions near an interface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface tension of electrolytes: Hydrophilic and hydrophobic ions near an interface Akira Onukia layer. We also derive a general expression for the surface tension of electrolyte systems, which. DOI: 10.1063/1.2936992 I. INTRODUCTION It has long been known that the surface tension of a water

187

A New Incompressibility Discretization for a Hybrid Particle MAC Grid Representation with Surface Tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

implicit surface tension for our novel hybrid discretization, we demonstrate preliminary results for both. Surface tension forces exacerbate the situation by imposing a strict t = O(x3/2 ) time step restriction formulation of surface tension by looking at the changes of curvature over time. This was simplified in [26

Fedkiw, Ron

188

PROOF COPY 502144JCP Curvature dependent surface tension from a simulation of a cavity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PROOF COPY 502144JCP PROOF COPY 502144JCP Curvature dependent surface tension from a simulation 4 September 2001 Monte Carlo simulations have been used to calculate the surface tension of a planar Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.1063/1.1413514 I. INTRODUCTION The dependence of surface tension on radius

Attard, Phil

189

Surface tension effects on adiabatic gasliquid flow across micro pillars Santosh Krishnamurthy, Yoav Peles *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface tension effects on adiabatic gas­liquid flow across micro pillars Santosh Krishnamurthy s t r a c t The effect of surface tension on adiabatic two-phase flow across a bank of 100 lm diameter was developed to account for surface tension force. In addition, a modified form of Chisholm correlation

Peles, Yoav

190

Time-independent square patterns in surface-tension-driven Benard convection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time-independent square patterns in surface-tension-driven Be´nard convection Michael F. Schatza The transition between hexagonal and square patterns is investigated in laboratory experiments on surface-tension, the transition from hexagons to other patterns was unexplored for the surface-tension-driven regime of Be

Texas at Austin. University of

191

Geometric Binding Site Design for Surface-Tension Driven Self-Assembly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geometric Binding Site Design for Surface-Tension Driven Self-Assembly Xiaorong Xiong, Sheng 98195-2500 Email: xrxiong@u.washington.edu Abstract-- Surface-tension driven self-assembly techniques-assembly, micro assembly, MEMS, hy- drophobic, hydrophilic, surface energy, surface tension force, binding site

192

Semi-implicit surface tension formulation with a Lagrangian surface mesh on an Eulerian simulation grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Semi-implicit surface tension formulation with a Lagrangian surface mesh on an Eulerian simulation mesh to the case of a surface tension force, which when treated explicitly leads to a tight time step restriction. By applying surface tension as a semi-implicit Lagrangian force, the resulting method benefits

Frey, Pascal

193

MOLECULARPHYSICS, 1981, VOL. 43, No. 5, 1035-1041 Surface tension of a molecular fluid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MOLECULARPHYSICS, 1981, VOL. 43, No. 5, 1035-1041 Surface tension of a molecular fluid Many body for surface tension in a dense molecular fluid with an arbitrary many body interaction. This formula reduces. These last two expressions are analogous to the simple fluid surface tension for- mulas of Jhon, Desai

Grant, Martin

194

The singularity at the tip of the rising plane bubble: The case of nonzero surface tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The singularity at the tip of the rising plane bubble: The case of nonzero surface tension Prabir pointed bubble in the presenceof surface tension. These bubbles have been recently obtained by Vanden to find the apexangle as a function of the speedof the bubbles for a fixed value of surface tension

Daripa, Prabir

195

A front-tracking algorithm for accurate representation of surface tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A front-tracking algorithm for accurate representation of surface tension Stephane Popinet particularly, we focus our attention on obtaining an accurate description of the surface-tension terms and the associated pressure jump. We consider the stationary Laplace solution for a bub- ble with surface tension

Frey, Pascal

196

Scaling law in liquid drop coalescence driven by surface tension Mingming Wua)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scaling law in liquid drop coalescence driven by surface tension Mingming Wua) Department experimental results on the coalescence of two liquid drops driven by surface tension. Using a high speed that such scaling law is robust when using fluids of different viscosities and surface tensions. The prefactor

Cubaud, Thomas

197

Predicting the surface tension of aqueous 1-1 electrolyte solutions at high salinity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predicting the surface tension of aqueous 1-1 electrolyte solutions at high salinity Philippe Leroy 74, 19 (2010) p. 5427-5442" DOI : 10.1016/j.gca.2010.06.012 #12;2 ABSTRACT The surface tension to predict, under isothermal and isobaric conditions, the surface tension of 1:1 electrolytes at high

Boyer, Edmond

198

Study of the surface tension of polymer solutions: theory and experiments in theta solvent conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1035 Study of the surface tension of polymer solutions: theory and experiments in theta solvent interest for experimental measurements. In a previous paper [ 11 ], the surface tension of semi Cedex 05, France (Reçu le 24 fevrier 1983, accepté le 30 mai 1983) Resumé. 2014 La tension superficielle

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

199

A mean field approach for computing solid-liquid surface tension for nanoscale interfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A mean field approach for computing solid-liquid surface tension for nanoscale interfaces Chi are largely determined by the solid-liquid surface tension. This is especially true for nanoscale systems with high surface area to volume ratios. While experimental techniques can only measure surface tension

Nielsen, Steven O.

200

Surface tensions and surface potentials of acid solutions Alexandre P. dos Santos and Yan Levina  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface tensions and surface potentials of acid solutions Alexandre P. dos Santos and Yan Levina October 2010 A theory is presented which allows us to quantitatively calculate the excess surface tension is quantitatively accurate for surface tensions and is qualitative for electrostatic potential difference across

Levin, Yan

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201

Towards the zero-surface-tension limit in granular fingering instability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LETTERS Towards the zero-surface-tension limit in granular fingering instability XIANG CHENG*, LEI Hele­Shaw system to explore the zero-surface-tension property of granular `fluids'16 . We demonstrate-unrealizable singular hydrodynamics predicted in the zero-surface-tension limit of normal fluid fingering2,17­23 . Above

Loss, Daniel

202

The influence of surface tension gradients on drop coalescence Franois Blanchette,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The influence of surface tension gradients on drop coalescence François Blanchette,1 Laura Messio,2 to elucidating the influence on the coalescence process of a surface tension difference between drop coalescence may occur. Three distinct regimes, depending on the reservoir to drop surface tension ratio, R

Bush, John W.M.

203

Water Research 38 (2004) 33313339 Testing a surface tension-based model to predict the salting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water Research 38 (2004) 3331­3339 Testing a surface tension-based model to predict the salting out associated with transferring solutes from water to a salt solution to the difference in surface tensions likely reflects the inability of the simple surface tension model to account for all interactions among

Herbert, Bruce

204

Journal of Statistical Physics, VoL 33, No. 1, 1983 Surface Tension and Phase Coexistence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal of Statistical Physics, VoL 33, No. 1, 1983 Surface Tension and Phase Coexistence investigate the surface tension between coexisting phases of general discrete lattice systems. In particular the different phases need not be connected by any symmetry, We prove the positivity of the surface tension

Lebowitz, Joel

205

Traveling Waves from the Arclength Parameterization: Vortex Sheets with Surface Tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traveling Waves from the Arclength Parameterization: Vortex Sheets with Surface Tension Benjamin for the vortex sheet with surface tension. We use the angle- arclength description of the interface rather than prove that there exist traveling vortex sheets with surface tension bifurcating from equilibrium. We

Wright, J. Douglas

206

A justification for the thin film approximation of Stokes flow with surface tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A justification for the thin film approximation of Stokes flow with surface tension M. G¨unther 1.prokert@tue.nl Abstract In the free boundary problem of Stokes flow driven by surface tension, we pass to the limit by surface tension is considered, the type of the problem changes significantly: while in the general case

Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

207

A splitting method for numerical simulation of free surface flows of incompressible fluids with surface tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with surface tension Kirill D. Nikitin Maxim A. Olshanskii Kirill M. Terekhov Yuri V. Vassilevski§ Abstract to surface tension forces. The method splits one time step into a semi-Lagrangian treatment of the surface models a free surface flow of viscous incompressible fluid subject to surface tension forces. Further

Olshanskii, Maxim A.

208

hal00272925, SURFACE TENSION IN THE DILUTE ISING MODEL. THE WULFF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hal­00272925, version 1 ­ 14 Apr 2008 SURFACE TENSION IN THE DILUTE ISING MODEL. THE WULFF CONSTRUCTION. MARC WOUTS Abstract. We study the surface tension and the phenomenon of phase coexistence in probability (with respect to random couplings) of surface tension and analyze its large deviations : upper

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

209

Computation of Axisymmetric Suction Flow Through Porous Media in the Presence of Surface Tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computation of Axisymmetric Suction Flow Through Porous Media in the Presence of Surface Tension-mail: hdc@math.ucsb.edu; hsi@us.oracle.com The e#11;ect of small surface tension on a class of axi for this type of ows. Through accurate computations, it is shown that, in the presence of small surface tension

Bigelow, Stephen

210

SURFACE TENSION AND DEFORMATIONS OF MEMBRANE STRUCTURES : RELATION TO TWO-DIMENSIONAL PHASE TRANSITIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1099 SURFACE TENSION AND DEFORMATIONS OF MEMBRANE STRUCTURES : RELATION TO TWO-DIMENSIONAL PHASE les molécules sont en contact avec un réservoir. Dans le premier cas, la tension de surface est nulle tension de surface finie et les fluctuations sont très réduites. Ce résultat est en accord avec des

Boyer, Edmond

211

SURFACE TENSION AND WULFF SHAPE FOR A LATTICE MODEL WITHOUT SPIN FLIP SYMMETRY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SURFACE TENSION AND WULFF SHAPE FOR A LATTICE MODEL WITHOUT SPIN FLIP SYMMETRY T. BODINEAU AND E. PRESUTTI Abstract. We propose a new definition of surface tension and check it in a spin model on the phase transitions line and prove: (i) existence of the surface tension in the thermodynamic limit

212

Monte Carlo simulation methodology of the ghost interface theory for the planar surface tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Monte Carlo simulation methodology of the ghost interface theory for the planar surface tension October 2003 A novel ``ghost interface'' expression for the surface tension of a planar liquid coexisting phases. Results generated from the ghost interface theory for the surface tension are presented

Attard, Phil

213

Curvature-Dependent Surface Tension of a Growing Droplet Michael P. Moody and Phil Attard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Curvature-Dependent Surface Tension of a Growing Droplet Michael P. Moody and Phil Attard School-vapor interfaces. It is shown that the surface tension decreases approximately linearly with the supersaturation ratio and that it vanishes at the spinodal. The effect leads to a curvature-dependent surface tension

Attard, Phil

214

A contact theory for surface tension driven systems Roger A. Sauer 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A contact theory for surface tension driven systems Roger A. Sauer 1 Aachen Institute for Advanced description for the contact of surface tension driven sys- tems. The example system of a liquid droplet liquids or two solids in contact. The surface kinematics, essential to the modeling of surface tension

215

Surface layering of liquids: The role of surface tension Oleg Shpyrko,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface layering of liquids: The role of surface tension Oleg Shpyrko,1 Masafumi Fukuto,1 Peter and alloys are always layered, regardless of composition and surface tension; a result supported by three, for the liquid-vapor interface it is tempting to think that the large surface tension of liquid metals such as Hg

Ocko, Ben

216

Surface tension of amorphous polymer lms Thorsten Hapke, Gerald Patzold, and Dieter W. Heermann  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface tension of amorphous polymer lms Thorsten Hapke, Gerald Patzold, and Dieter W. Heermann study the surface tension for thin, amorphous polymer lms by means of computer simulation. In the framework of molecular dynamics, we present surface tension measurements via the uctuation spectrum

Heermann, Dieter W.

217

On the theory of type-I superconductor surface tension and twinning-plane-superconductivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

447 On the theory of type-I superconductor surface tension and twinning-plane-superconductivity T du paramètre de Landau-Ginsburg 03BA est trouvée pour la tension de surface des supraconducteurs de. Abstract. 2014 A correction is found to the surface tension in type-I superconductors which is proportional

Boyer, Edmond

218

Surface tension-driven flow outside a slender wedge with an application to the inviscid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface tension-driven flow outside a slender wedge with an application to the inviscid coalescence the action of surface tension. As noted by Keller and Miksis (1983), a similarity scaling is available, surface tension-driven flow in a fluid wedge was first studied by Keller and Miksis (1983), who noted

Billingham, John

219

Apparatus producing constant cable tension for intermittent demand  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to apparatus for producing constant tension in cable or the like when it is unreeled and reeled from a drum or spool under conditions of intermittent demand. The invention is particularly applicable to the handling of superconductive cable, but the invention is also applicable to the unreeling and reeling of other strands, such as electrical cable, wire, cord, other cables, fish line, wrapping paper and numerous other materials.

Lauritzen, T.

1984-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

220

Pitch Contributions to the Cholesteric?Isotropic Interfacial Tension  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pitch Contributions to the Cholesteric?Isotropic Interfacial Tension ... A further complication is that the layer spacing, known as the pitch of the cholesteric helix, is a function of pressure, temperature, concentration, and the nematic scalar order parameter. ... 10,11,14 Since the pitch is a function of the scalar order parameter, at the cholesteric/isotropic interface, the gradients in the scalar order parameter lead to gradients in the pitch. ...

Alejandro D. Rey

2000-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Continuous Adaptive Bias Technique for Radiofrequency Power Amplifiers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chapter 3 proposes an adaptive-bias power amplifier that is based on a finely tuned envelope injection principle. Such flexible technique makes a simultaneous improvement of linearity and efficiency possible a...

Laurent Leyssenne; Eric Kerhervé; Yann Deval

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Hybrid CWDM Amplifier Shared by Multiple TDM PONs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate four conventional TDM PONs with symmetric 2.5-Gb/s line rate and extended reach, sharing a common infrastructure. A hybrid SOA-Raman amplifier provides 150-nm...

Iannone, P P; Lee, H H; Reichmann, K C; Zhou, X; Du, M; Palsdottir, B; Feder, K; Westbrook, P; Brar, K; Mann, J; Spiekman, L

223

Low voltage amplifier architecture for high speed switched capacitor circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work concentrates on circuit realization of high speed and low voltage switched capacitor circuits, with emphasis on the operational transconductance amplifier (OTA). An overview of switched capacitor circuits is given. Speed and voltage...

Shankar, Asit

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

224

RF power amplifier linearity compensation for MRI systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, a polar-feedback linearization system for use with MRI RF power amplifiers was designed and simulated. The design here presented is intended to replace Analogic's (located in Peabody, Massachusetts) ...

Torres Chico, Gabriel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Design and implementation of low power multistage amplifiers and high frequency distributed amplifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compensation + -- Cm2 gm1 gm2 CL Vo gmL Vin Cm1 Fig. 2.1. Three stage NMC amplifier Fig. 2.1 shows the block diagram of a NMC amplifier. The transfer function [7] is given by #1;#1;#2; #3; #4;#4;#5; #6; ++ #1;#1;#2; #3; #4;#4;#5; #6;? mLm mL m m m m...;#4;#5; #6; ++ #1;#1;#2; #3; #4;#4;#5; #6; + #1;#1;#2; #3; #4;#4;#5; #6; --+ = - mLm Lp mLm oL dB mLm Pm mLm ommfp dc SMCv gg CCs gg gCs p s gg CCs gg gCgCsA sA 2 22 2 2 3 2 22 2 22 )( 11 1 )( (3.1) #1;#1;#2; #3; #4;#4;#5; #6; ++ #1;#1;#2; #3; #4...

Mishra, Chinmaya

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

BABAR Data in Tension with the Standard Model  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data in Tension with the Standard Model Data in Tension with the Standard Model BABAR Data in Tension with the Standard Model The BABAR collaboration* reported on new measurements of decays of B mesons into final states containing a tau lepton, τ, the heavy third-generation cousin of the electron and muon. The decay branching fractions are higher than predicted by the Standard Model with a 3.4σ level of significance. The decays B→Dτντ and B→D*τντ provide an interesting probe of possible new physics at high mass scales. While the related decays B→D(*)lνl (where l represents an electron or muon and D(*) is a D or D* meson (which contain a charm quark) have long been used to measure properties of the Standard Model, the decays B→D(*)lνl are unique: the large mass of the tau implies an affinity to Higgs bosons or possibly

227

Surface Tension of Electrolyte Solutions: A Self-consistent Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the surface tension of electrolyte solutions at the air/water and oil/water interfaces. Employing field-theoretical methods and considering short-range interactions of anions with the surface, we expand the Helmholtz free energy to first-order in a loop expansion and calculate the excess surface tension. Our approach is self-consistent and yields an analytical prediction that reunites the Onsager-Samaras pioneering result (which does not agree with experimental data), with the ionic specificity of the Hofmeister series. We obtain analytically the surface-tension dependence on the ionic strength, ionic size and ion-surface interaction, and show consequently that the Onsager-Samaras result is consistent with the one-loop correction beyond the mean-field result. Our theory fits well a wide range of concentrations for different salts using one fit parameter, reproducing the reverse Hofmeister series for anions at the air/water and oil/water interfaces.10.1029

Tomer Markovich; David Andelman; Rudi Podgornik

2014-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

228

Sinusoidal voltage controlled oscillators using operational transconductance amplifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SINUSOIDAI. VOLTAGE CONTROLLED OSCILLATORS I. SING OPERATIONAL TRANSCONDUCTANCE AMPLIFIERS A Thesis JAVIFB . IOAQUIN HOYI. K I'ASSANO Suhndtted to the Graduate College ol' 'I'exes A8cM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1985 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering SINUSOIDAL VOLTAGE CONTROLLED OSCILLATORS USING OPERATIONAI, TRANSCONDUCTANCE AMPLIFIERS A Thesis by JAVIER JOAQUIN HOYLE PASSANO Approved as to style and content by: o...

Hoyle Passano, Javier Joaquin

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Use of a photonic crystal for optical amplifier gain control  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical amplifier having a uniform gain profile uses a photonic crystal to tune the density-of-states of a gain medium so as to modify the light emission rate between atomic states. The density-of-states of the gain medium is tuned by selecting the size, shape, dielectric constant, and spacing of a plurality of microcavity defects in the photonic crystal. The optical amplifier is particularly useful for the regeneration of DWDM signals in long optical fibers.

Lin, Shawn-Yu (Albuquerque, NM); Fleming, James G. (Albuquerque, NM); El-Kady, Ihab (Albuquerque, NM)

2006-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

230

High conversion efficiency ultraviolet fiber Raman oscillator--amplifier system  

SciTech Connect

High efficiency UV frequency conversion by stimulated Raman scattering in a XeCl (lambda = 308-nm) excimer laser-pumped multimode fiber is presented. The system consists of a first piece of fiber as a Stokes generator and a second as a power amplifier. Power conversion efficiencies up to 80% have been measured. Uses of fiber Raman amplifiers in the near UV are also discussed.

Pini, R.; Salimbeni, R.; Vannini, M.; Haider, A.F.M.Y.; Lin, C.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

The fundamental properties of current controlled current source amplifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as well as the computer simulation results. Other characteristics of the CCCS device are then discussed. II. Unit Gain CCCS Performance To experimentally characterize the performance of the unity gain CCCS amplifier, the circuit configuration of Figure... as well as the computer simulation results. Other characteristics of the CCCS device are then discussed. II. Unit Gain CCCS Performance To experimentally characterize the performance of the unity gain CCCS amplifier, the circuit configuration of Figure...

Terry, Michael Buford

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

232

The design and construction of a 10-amplifier analog computer with provisions for nuclear reactor simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Amplifiers Power Supplies Variable Resistors 13 13 Fixed Resistors and Capacitors Plug Board Re cords r s. 16 Precision Voltmeter 16 Circuits 19 Amplifier Circuits Relay Control Circuit 23 Initial Condition Voltage Circuits Gain Setting Circuit.... Overall View of Computer-Simulator 7. Operational Amplifiers 8. X-Y Recorder 12 14 17 9. Digital Voltmeter 10. Error of Digital Voltmeter 11. Amplifier Configuration for the Four Conditions 1Z. Amplifier Circuit 1 3. Relay Control Circuit 14...

Cox, James Robert

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

233

Health Insurance Reform and the Tensions of Federalism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...government will be able to navigate the political and policy-related shoals, but clearly, federal–state tensions are about to be seriously tested. Insurance-Market Reforms and Market-Stabilization Initiatives in the Health Care Reform Law.. Creation of high-risk pools — effective June 21, 2010 (90... Christopher Jennings and Katherine Hayes write that our ability to achieve a workable federal–state balance will be seriously tested as the Obama administration and the states define and apply their roles in implementing the myriad new policies for ...

Jennings C.C.; Hayes K.J.

2010-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

234

Measurement of surface tension and viscosity by open capillary techniques  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An open-channel capillary is provided, having preferably a v-shaped groove in a flat wettable surface. The groove has timing marks and a source marker in which the specimen to be tested is deposited. The time of passage between the timing marks is recorded, and the ratio of surface tension .gamma. to viscosity .mu. is determined from the equation given below: ##EQU1## where h.sub.0 is the groove depth, .alpha. is the groove angle, .theta. is the liquid/solid contact angle, and t is the flow time. It has been shown by the

Rye,Robert R. (Albuquerque, NM), Yost,Frederick G. (Cedar Crest, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Implementation of surface tension with wall adhesion effects in a three-dimensional finite element model for fluid flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- 1 - Implementation of surface tension with wall adhesion effects in a three-dimensional finite element modelling of surface tension. The external stress vectors associated with surface tension a drop of liquid on a plane is treated. Keywords : surface tension, finite element method, average

Boyer, Edmond

236

Spectrally tailored supercontinuum generation from single-mode-fiber amplifiers  

SciTech Connect

Spectral filtering of an all-normal-dispersion Yb-doped fiber laser was demonstrated effective for broadband supercontinuum generation in the picosecond time region. The picosecond pump pulses were tailored in spectrum with 1 nm band-pass filter installed between two single-mode fiber amplifiers. By tuning the spectral filter around 1028?nm, four-wave mixing was initiated in a photonic crystal fiber spliced with single-mode fiber, as manifested by the simultaneous generation of Stokes wave at 1076?nm and anti-Stokes wave at 984?nm. Four-wave mixing took place in cascade with the influence of stimulated Raman scattering and eventually extended the output spectrum more than 900?nm of 10?dB bandwidth. This technique allows smooth octave supercontinuum generation by using simple single-mode fiber amplifiers rather than complicated multistage large-mode-area fiber amplifiers.

Hao, Qiang; Guo, Zhengru; Zhang, Qingshan [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Modern Optical System, Engineering Research Center of Optical Instrument and System (Ministry of Education), School of Optical-Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, 516 Jungong Road, Shanghai 200093 (China); Liu, Yang; Li, Wenxue [State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, East China Normal University, 3663 Zhongshan North Road, Shanghai 200062 (China); Zeng, Heping, E-mail: hpzeng@phy.ecnu.edu.cn [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Modern Optical System, Engineering Research Center of Optical Instrument and System (Ministry of Education), School of Optical-Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, 516 Jungong Road, Shanghai 200093 (China); State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, East China Normal University, 3663 Zhongshan North Road, Shanghai 200062 (China)

2014-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

237

Modified gravity, the Cascading DGP model and its critical tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the presence of instabilities in the Cascading DGP model. We start by discussing the problem of the cosmological late time acceleration, and we introduce the modified gravity approach. We then focus on brane induced gravity models and in particular on the Cascading DGP model. We consider configurations of the latter model where the source term is given simply by vacuum energy (pure tension), and we study perturbations at first order around these configurations. We perform a four-dimensional scalar-vector-tensor decomposition of the perturbations, and show that, regarding the scalar sector, the dynamics in a suitable limit can be described by a master equation. This master equation contains an energy scale (critical tension) which is related in a non-trivial way to the parameters of the model. We give a geometrical interpretation of why this scale emerges, and explain its relevance for the presence of ghost instabilities in the theory. We comment on the difference between our result and the one present in the literature, and stress its importance regarding the phenomenological viability of the model. We finally provide a numerical check which confirms the validity of our analysis.

Fulvio Sbisa'

2014-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

238

Resonantly phase-matched Josephson junction traveling wave parametric amplifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a technique to overcome phase-mismatch in Josephson-junction traveling wave parametric amplifiers in order to achieve high gain over a broad bandwidth. Using "resonant phase matching," we design a compact superconducting device consisting of a transmission line with subwavelength resonant inclusions that simultaneously achieves a gain of 20 dB, an instantaneous bandwidth of 3 GHz, and a saturation power of -98 dBm. Such an amplifier is well-suited to cryogenic broadband microwave measurements such as the multiplexed readout of quantum coherent circuits based on superconducting, semiconducting, or nano-mechanical elements as well as traditional astronomical detectors.

Kevin O'Brien; Chris Macklin; Irfan Siddiqi; Xiang Zhang

2014-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

239

Surface Tension Adjustment in a Pseudo-Potential Lattice Boltzmann Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pseudo-potential lattice Boltzmann models have been widely applied in many multiphase simulations. However, most of these models still suffer from some drawbacks such as spurious velocities and untunable surface tension. In this paper, we aim to discuss the surface tension of a popular pseudo-potential model proposed by Kupershtokh et al., which has attracted much attention due to its simplicity and stability. The influence of a parameter on the surface tension in the model is analyzed. Based on the analysis, we proposed a method to adjust surface tension by changing the parameter in the model. However, the density distribution and the stability of the model also depend on the parameter. To adjust the surface tension independently, the pressure tensor modifying method is introduced and numerically tested. The simulation results show that, by applying the pressure tensor modifying method, the surface tension can be adjusted with little influence on the stability and density distributions.

Hu, Anjie; Uddin, Rizwan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

E-Print Network 3.0 - automated wire tension Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

University Collection: Physics 82 Simple Template-Based Method to Produce Bradbury-Nielsen Gates Summary: maintaining a steady tension on the wires. This weaving procedure...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

100-J level amplifier concepts for HiLASE and ELI-Beamlines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present comparison of two alternative layouts of a 100 J cryogenically cooled Yb:YAG multi-slab laser system operating at 10 Hz for HiLASE and ELI Beamlines projects. In the first approach the 100 J slab amplifier consists of a preamplifier and power amplifier while in the second approach it uses single power amplifier with two amplifier heads. These two concepts are compared with respect to output power B-integral accumulated B-integral and peak fluence. Results are obtained by simulating beam propagation in MIRÓ code and calculating stored energy in the amplifier by homemade ray-tracing MATLAB code for amplified spontaneous emission evaluation.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Free electron laser amplifier driven by an induction linac  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the use of a free-electron laser amplifier as a means of converting the kinetic energy of an electron beam into coherent radiation. In particular, the use of an induction linear accelerator is discussed. The motion of the elections in the tapered and untapered wiggler magnets is discussed as well as the beam emittance, and the radiation fields involved. (LSP)

Neil, V.K.

1986-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

243

AUTOMATIC SYNTHESIS OF OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS BASED ON ANALYTIC CIRCUIT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a practical intermediate approach to automating op amp synthesis. It is based on analytic circuit models simulation to verify that indeed all the design specifications are met. This whole process has been automatedAUTOMATIC SYNTHESIS OF OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS BASED ON ANALYTIC CIRCUIT MODELS Han Young Koh, Carlo

O'Brien, James F.

244

LM2900, LM3900 QUADRUPLE NORTON OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LM2900, LM3900 QUADRUPLE NORTON OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS SLOS059 ­ JULY 1979 ­ REVISED SEPTEMBER 1990 LM2900 and LM3900, Respectively description These devices consist of four independent, high- gain wide band- width and large output voltage swing. The LM2900 is characterized for operation from ­40°C

Lanterman, Aaron

245

20W Hi-Fi AUDIO POWER AMPLIFIER December 1995  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (refer to the test circuit, VS = ± 16V, Tamb = 25o C unless otherwise specified class AB amplifier. Typically it provides 22W output power (d = 0.5%) at Vs = 32V/4 . The TDA2040) Symbol Parameter Test Conditions Min. Typ. Max. Unit Vs Supply Voltage ± 2.5 ± 20 V Id Quiescent Drain

Ida, Nathan

246

A theoretical study on stress sensitive differential amplifier (SSDA)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or load pair) will cause a current unmatchment in between of the two FETs which will follow the variation sensitivity is studied. The results show that both two input MOSFETs and two load MOSFETs of a SSDA can, the possibility of using active load FETs of a dif- ferential amplifier as stress sensitive element is discussed

Li, Jingjing

247

Large area electron beam pumped krypton fluoride laser amplifier  

SciTech Connect

Nike is a recently completed multi-kilojoule krypton fluoride (KrF) laser that has been built to study the physics of direct drive inertial confinement fusion. This paper describes in detail both the pulsed power and optical performance of the largest amplifier in the Nike laser, the 60 cm amplifier. This is a double pass, double sided, electron beam-pumped system that amplifies the laser beam from an input of 50 J to an output of up to 5 kJ. It has an optical aperture of 60 cm {times} 60 cm and a gain length of 200 cm. The two electron beams are 60 cm high {times} 200 cm wide, have a voltage of 640 kV, a current of 540 kA, and a flat top power pulse duration of 250 ns. A 2 kG magnetic field is used to guide the beams and prevent self-pinching. Each electron beam is produced by its own Marx/pulse forming line system. The amplifier has been fully integrated into the Nike system and is used on a daily basis for laser-target experiments. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Sethian, J.D.; Obenschain, S.P.; Gerber, K.A.; Pawley, C.J.; Serlin, V.; Sullivan, C.A. [Plasma Physics Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington DC 20375 (United States)] [Plasma Physics Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington DC 20375 (United States); Webster, W. [Research Support Instruments, 4325-B Forbes Boulevard, Lanham, Maryland 20706 (United States)] [Research Support Instruments, 4325-B Forbes Boulevard, Lanham, Maryland 20706 (United States); Deniz, A.V.; Lehecka, T. [Science Applications International Corporation, 1710 Goodridge Drive, McLean, Virginia 22102 (United States)] [Science Applications International Corporation, 1710 Goodridge Drive, McLean, Virginia 22102 (United States); McGeoch, M.W. [PLEX Corporation, 21 Addington Road, Brookline, Massachusetts 02146 (United States)] [PLEX Corporation, 21 Addington Road, Brookline, Massachusetts 02146 (United States); Altes, R.A.; Corcoran, P.A.; Smith, I.D. [Pulse Sciences, Incorporated, 600 McCormick Street, San Leandro, California 94577 (United States)] [Pulse Sciences, Incorporated, 600 McCormick Street, San Leandro, California 94577 (United States); Barr, O.C. [Pharos Technical Enterprises, 1603 Barcelona Street, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)] [Pharos Technical Enterprises, 1603 Barcelona Street, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

CHARACTERISATION OF SEMICONDUCTOR OPTICAL AMPLIFIERS FOR ALL-OPTICAL REGENERATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electrical pumping, broad spectral range and opportunities for integration and mass production. Among these components, the semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) with gain saturation, low optical and electrical power Various SOAs from Alcatel-Thales III-V lab were characterized in the framework of the French project FUTUR

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

249

High voltage electrical amplifier having a short rise time  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A circuit, comprising an amplifier and a transformer is disclosed that produces a high power pulse having a fast response time, and that responds to a digital control signal applied through a digital-to-analog converter. The present invention is suitable for driving a component such as an electro-optic modulator with a voltage in the kilovolt range. The circuit is stable at high frequencies and during pulse transients, and its impedance matching circuit matches the load impedance with the output impedance. The preferred embodiment comprises an input stage compatible with high-speed semiconductor components for amplifying the voltage of the input control signal, a buffer for isolating the input stage from the output stage; and a plurality of current amplifiers connected to the buffer. Each current amplifier is connected to a field effect transistor (FET), which switches a high voltage power supply to a transformer which then provides an output terminal for driving a load. The transformer comprises a plurality of transmission lines connected to the FETs and the load. The transformer changes the impedance and voltage of the output. The preferred embodiment also comprises a low voltage power supply for biasing the FETs at or near an operational voltage.

Christie, David J. (Pleasanton, CA); Dallum, Gregory E. (Livermore, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

A 16-ELEMENT REFLECTION GRID AMPLIFIER Frederic Lecuyer1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, which can double as a large metal heat sink. Otherwise, the operation of reflection grid amplifiers to improve common- Mirror/Heat Sink Active GridInput Polarizer Active Grid Output Polarizer E Output Beam E Input Beam E Output Beam Differential Transistor Pair E Input Beam Mirror/Heat Sink Active Grid

251

Does the Sun work as a nuclear fusion amplifier of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Does the Sun work as a nuclear fusion amplifier of planetary tidal forcing? Nicola Scafetta ACRIM oscillates because of planetary motion The Sun is likely very sensitive to these oscillations March 1977); We reconstruct here Sun-centred planetary conjunctions and tidal potentials for the AD 1645

Scafetta, Nicola

252

POWER FLOW ANALYSIS OF ELECTROSTRICTIVE ACTUATORS DRIVEN BYSWITCHMODE AMPLIFIERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the actuator. INTRODUCTION Smart materials or smart structures are materials that contain actuators, sensors@vt.edu Journal on Intelligent Material Systems and Structures Vol. 9, No 3, March, 1998 pp. 210 - 222. Keywords: smart structures, smart skin, switchmode amplifiers, power flow analysis, electrostrictive actuators

Lindner, Douglas K.

253

Joining mechanism with stem tension and interlocked compression ring  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stem (34) extends from a second part (30) through a hole (28) in a first part (22). A groove (38) around the stem provides a non-threaded contact surface (42) for a ring element (44) around the stem. The ring element exerts an inward force against the non-threaded contact surface at an angle that creates axial tension (T) in the stem, pulling the second part against the first part. The ring element is formed of a material that shrinks relative to the stem by sintering. The ring element may include a split collet (44C) that fits partly into the groove, and a compression ring (44E) around the collet. The non-threaded contact surface and a mating distal surface (48) of the ring element may have conic geometries (64). After shrinkage, the ring element is locked onto the stem.

James, Allister W.; Morrison, Jay A.

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

254

Nuclear magnetic resonance experiments with dc SQUID amplifiers  

SciTech Connect

The development and fabrication of dc SQUIDs (Superconducting QUantum Interference Devices) with Nb/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Nb Josephson junctions is described. A theory of the dc SQUID as a radio-frequency amplifier is presented, with an optimization strategy that accounts for the loading and noise contributions of the postamplifier and maximizes the signal-to-noise ratio of the total system. The high sensitivity of the dc SQUID is extended to high field NMR. A dc SQUID is used as a tuned radio-frequency amplifier to detect pulsed nuclear magnetic resonance at 32 MHz from a metal film in a 3.5 Tesla static field. A total system noise temperature of 11 K has been achieved, at a bath temperature of 4.2 K. The minimum number of nuclear Bohr magnetons observable from a free precession signal after a single pulse is about 2 {times} 10{sup 17} in a bandwidth of 25 kHz. In a separate experiment, a dc SQUID is used as a rf amplifier in a NQR experiment to observe a new resonance response mechanism. The net electric polarization of a NaClO{sub 3} crystal due to the precessing electric quadrupole moments of the Cl nuclei is detected at 30 MHz. The sensitivity of NMR and NQR spectrometers using dc SQUID amplifiers is compared to the sensitivity of spectrometers using conventional rf amplifiers. A SQUID-based spectrometer has a voltage sensitivity which is comparable to the best achieved by a FET-based spectrometer, at these temperatures and operating frequencies.

Heaney, M.B. (California Univ., Berkeley, CA (USA). Dept. of Physics Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA))

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Model Development and Loads Analysis of a Wind Turbine on a Floating Offshore Tension Leg Platform  

SciTech Connect

This report presents results of the analysis of a 5-MW wind turbine located on a floating offshore tension leg platform (TLP) that was conducted using the fully coupled time-domain aero-hydro-servo-elastic design code FAST with AeroDyn and HydroDyn. Models in this code are of greater fidelity than most of the models that have been used to analyze floating turbines in the past--which have neglected important hydrodynamic and mooring system effects. The report provides a description of the development process of a TLP model, which is a modified version of a Massachusetts Institute of Technology design derived from a parametric linear frequency-domain optimization process. An extensive loads and stability analysis for ultimate and fatigue loads according to the procedure of the International Electrotechnical Commission offshore wind turbine design standard was performed with the verified TLP model. Response statistics, extreme event tables, fatigue lifetimes, and selected time histories of design-driving extreme events are analyzed and presented. Loads for the wind turbine on the TLP are compared to those of an equivalent land-based turbine in terms of load ratios. Major instabilities for the TLP are identified and described.

Matha, D.; Fischer, T.; Kuhn, M.; Jonkman, J.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Yb:YAG master oscillator power amplifier for remote wind sensing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have demonstrated key advances towards a solid-state laser amplifier at 1.03 ?m for global remote wind sensing. We designed end-pumped zig-zag slab amplifiers to achieve high gain....

Sridharan, A K; Saraf, S; Byer, R L

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

TOWARDS OPTIMAL DESIGNS FOR SELF-ALIGNMENT IN SURFACE TENSION DRIVEN MICRO-ASSEMBLY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

parallel integration of devices produced from different, possibly incompatible processes [e.g., 1-4]. SelfTOWARDS OPTIMAL DESIGNS FOR SELF-ALIGNMENT IN SURFACE TENSION DRIVEN MICRO-ASSEMBLY Sheng, Seattle, WA 98195-2500 ABSTRACT Fluidic self-assembly driven by surface tension force has demonstrated

258

Artificial Neural Network Modeling of Surface Tension for Pure Organic Compounds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Artificial Neural Network Modeling of Surface Tension for Pure Organic Compounds ... This study investigates the applicability of artificial neural networks as an efficient tool for the prediction of pure organic compounds’ surface tensions for a wide range of temperatures. ... The most accurate network among several constructed configurations has one hidden layer with 20 neurons. ...

Aliakbar Roosta; Payam Setoodeh; Abdolhossein Jahanmiri

2011-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

259

Journal of Statistical Physics, Vol. 29, No. 2, 1982 Surface Tension, Percolation, and Roughening1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal of Statistical Physics, Vol. 29, No. 2, 1982 Surface Tension, Percolation, and Roughening1 for the nature of the roughening transi- tion are discussed. KEY WORDS: Surface tension; percolation; roughening, fld >> 1.(5) We define the roughening temperature TR(d ) as the lowest tempera- ture above which P

Lebowitz, Joel

260

Fluid-Structure Interaction Simulations of a Tension-Cone Inflatable Aerodynamic Decelerator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluid-Structure Interaction Simulations of a Tension-Cone Inflatable Aerodynamic Decelerator of an aerodynamic tension-cone supersonic decelerator prototype intended for large mass payload deploy- ment. Introduction The concept of the inflatable aerodynamic decelerator (IAD) was first proposed in the 1960's

Cirak, Fehmi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A Tension Approach to Controlling the Shape of Cubic Spline Surfaces on FVS Triangulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Tension Approach to Controlling the Shape of Cubic Spline Surfaces on FVS Triangulations Oleg Davydov and Carla Manni January 8, 2009 Abstract We propose a parametric tensioned version of the FVS macro-element to control the shape of the composite surface and remove artificial oscillations, bumps

Davydov, Oleg

262

A Tension Approach to Controlling the Shape of Cubic Spline Surfaces on FVS Triangulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Tension Approach to Controlling the Shape of Cubic Spline Surfaces on FVS Triangulations Oleg Davydov and Carla Manni November 30, 2007 Abstract We propose a parametric tensioned version of the FVS macro-element to control the shape of the composite surface and remove artificial oscillations, bumps

Mottram, Nigel

263

Asian Females in an Advertising Context: Exploring Skin Tone Tension Anjala S. Krishen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asian Females in an Advertising Context: Exploring Skin Tone Tension Anjala S. Krishen Department in the completion of this research. 1 #12;Asian Females in an Advertising Context: Exploring Skin Tone Tension Abstract While the explosive literature on the portrayal of women in advertising has established

Ahmad, Sajjad

264

The evolution of circular loops of a cosmic string with periodic tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper the equation of circular loops of cosmic string with periodic tension is investigated in the Minkowski spacetime and Robertson-Walker universe respectively. We find that the cosmic string loops possessing this kind of time-varying tension will evolve to oscillate instead of collapsing to form a black hole if their initial radii are not small enough.

Wang, Leilin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Molecular modelling and simulation of the surface tension of real quadrupolar fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular modelling and simulation of the surface tension of fluids with force fields is discussed. 29 real fluids are studied, including nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, ethane, ethylene, acetylene, propyne, propylene, propadiene, carbon disulfide, sulfur hexafluoride, and many refrigerants. The fluids are represented by two-centre Lennard-Jones plus point quadrupole models from the literature. These models were adjusted only to experimental data of the vapour pressure and saturated liquid density so that the results for the surface tension are predictions. The deviations between the predictions and experimental data for the surface tension are of the order of 20 percent. The surface tension is usually overestimated by the models. For further improvements, data on the surface tension can be included in the model development. A suitable strategy for this is multi-criteria optimization based on Pareto sets. This is demonstrated using the model for carbon d...

Werth, Stephan; Klein, Peter; Küfer, Karl-Heinz; Horsch, Martin; Hasse, Hans

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Surface tension model for surfactant solutions at the critical micelle concentration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A model for the limiting surface tension of surfactant solutions (surface tension at and above the critical micelle concentration, cmc) was developed. This model takes advantage of the equilibrium between the surfactant molecules on the liquid/vacuum surface and in micelles in the bulk at the cmc. An approximate analytical equation for the surface tension at the cmc was obtained. The derived equation contains two parameters, which characterize the intermolecular interactions in the micelles, and the third parameter, which is the surface area per surfactant molecule at the interface. These parameters were calculated using a new atomistic modeling approach. The performed calculations of the limiting surface tension for four simple surfactants show good agreement with experimental data (~30% accuracy). The developed model provides the guidance for design of surfactants with low surface tension values.

S. F. Burlatsky; V. V. Atrazhev; D. V. Dmitriev; V. I. Sultanov; E. N. Timokhina; E. A. Ugolkova; S. Tulyani; A. Vincitore

2013-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

267

Molecular modelling and simulation of the surface tension of real quadrupolar fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular modelling and simulation of the surface tension of fluids with force fields is discussed. 29 real fluids are studied, including nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, ethane, ethylene, acetylene, propyne, propylene, propadiene, carbon disulfide, sulfur hexafluoride, and many refrigerants. The fluids are represented by two-centre Lennard-Jones plus point quadrupole models from the literature. These models were adjusted only to experimental data of the vapour pressure and saturated liquid density so that the results for the surface tension are predictions. The deviations between the predictions and experimental data for the surface tension are of the order of 20 percent. The surface tension is usually overestimated by the models. For further improvements, data on the surface tension can be included in the model development. A suitable strategy for this is multi-criteria optimization based on Pareto sets. This is demonstrated using the model for carbon dioxide as an example.

Stephan Werth; Katrin Stöbener; Peter Klein; Karl-Heinz Küfer; Martin Horsch; Hans Hasse

2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

268

SLOS242D -SEPTEMBER 2002 -REVISED JANUARY 2004 2 GHz, LOW DISTORTION, CURRENT FEEDBACK AMPLIFIERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PAD packages. RELATED DEVICES AND DESCRIPTIONS THS3001 ±15-V 420-MHz Low Distortion CFB Amplifier THS3061/2 ±15-V 300-MHz Low Distortion CFB Amplifier THS3122 ±15-V Dual CFB Amplifier With 350 mA Drive THS4271

Berns, Hans-Gerd

269

Internal Tides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Internal tides are internal waves at tidal frequencies and are generated by interaction of the barotropic surface tide with bottom topography. Being dependent on ocean stratification and background currents, internal tides tend to be highly variable in time, sometimes almost erratic, yet in the open ocean the lowest mode can travel great distances across ocean basins while remaining phase-locked with the astronomical potential. Internal tides are an important energy source for ocean mixing.

R.D. Ray

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

international programs  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

9%2A en International Programs http:nnsa.energy.govaboutusourprogramsemergencyoperationscounterterrorisminternationalprograms

271

Physics of vertically integrated waveguide photodetectors and amplifiers. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the efforts supported by LLNL under the Subcontract No. B239593 at the University of Arizona during the Fiscal Year 1992. A solid physical foundation has been developed for understanding the operation of vertically integrated photodetectors and amplifiers. This has been achieved through a combination of numerical simulation and development of simple coupled-mode theories. Coupled-mode theory has been used to elucidate the physics underlying the operation of vertically integrated photodetectors. In particular, the relation between the spatial transients observed in experiments and numerical simulations, and the non-power orthogonality of the underlying modes has been clarified. The coupled-mode theory has been extended to the case of coupled waveguide-amplifiers.

Wright, E.M. [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States). Optical Sciences Center

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Amplifier insensitive integrator design for active RC filter synthesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AM?LIFIER INSENSITIVE INTEGRATOR DESIGN FOR ACTIVE RC FILTER SYNTHESIS A Thesis by GLENN ROGER BAILEY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the'requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... May 1980 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering AMPLIFIER INSENSITIVE INTEGRATOR DESIGN FOR ACTIVE RC FILTER SYNTHESIS A Thesis by GLENN ROGER BAILEY Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Comit ee) (Member) ( ember) (Member) (Hea...

Bailey, Glenn Roger

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

273

Work and energy gain of heat-pumped quantized amplifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate heat-pumped single-mode amplifiers of quantized fields in high-Q cavities based on non-inverted two-level systems. Their power generation is shown to crucially depend on the capacity of the quantum state of the field to accumulate useful work. By contrast, the energy gain of the field is shown to be insensitive to its quantum state. Analogies and differences with masers are explored.

David Gelbwaser-Klimovsky; Robert Alicki; Gershon Kurizki

2013-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

274

A very high frequency CMOS Variable Gain Amplifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the VGA output signal . . . . . . . . . 80 Bandwidth with different frequency compensation circuits bias current at 22dB gain setting. . . 84 XIV VGA comparison . . . 88 LIST OF FIGURE FIGURE I 2", 3 and 4'" order sigma-delta modulator SNR vs. input... level . . . . Page 2 Block diagram of a direct conversion receiver. 3 Single transistor transconductor 4 Differential pair 5 Source degeneration amplifier. 6 Four-quadrant multiplier basic architectures . . . . . . . . 10 7 Multiplier as a...

Tan, Siang Tong

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

275

Amplifiers involving two-photon energy-extraction schemes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Amplifiers based on two-photon decay channels of inverted metastable species are examined from a rate-equation and practical-feasibility viewpoint. Approximate analytical solutions, within the rate-equation approximation, predict that resonant parametric generation coupled with anti-Stokes-stimulated Raman scattering (ASRS) is a strong competitor to straight two-photon emission. Expressions for initial growth rates indicate that large linear chromatic dispersion, proper linear absorptions, and resonant enhancements can initially favor two-photon emission, but that ASRS will ultimately dominate in most practical situations if inversion depletion does not occur early. For an amplifier based on degenerate two-photon processes, this situation has led to the proposal of running the system as an odd-harmonic generator, first extracting energy via two-photon emission followed by greater-than-100% conversion to the third, fifth, seventh, etc., harmonics. This type of amplifier response has important potential applications for laser-induced thermonuclear fusion as well as for the production of coherent vacuum-uv soft-x-ray systems. An examination of practical constraints provides further analytical relationships between various physical properties of prospective metastable species. Combining these results, several two-photon schemes are pointed out. Based on current technology, atomic iodine, which is inverted to the P122 state, appears to be the best medium for experiments, but other materials, such as atomic oxygen, show greater promise if absolute population inversions of high-density material are created at high efficiency.

R. L. Carman

1975-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Dynamical String Tension in String Theory with Spacetime Weyl Invariance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The fundamental string length, which is an essential part of string theory, explicitly breaks scale invariance. However, in field theory we demonstrated recently that the gravitational constant, which is directly related to the string length, can be promoted to a dynamical field if the standard model coupled to gravity (SM+GR) is lifted to a locally scale (Weyl) invariant theory. The higher gauge symmetry reveals previously unknown field patches whose inclusion turn the classically conformally invariant SM+GR into a geodesically complete theory with new cosmological and possibly further physical consequences. In this paper this concept is extended to string theory by showing how it can be Weyl lifted with a local scale symmetry acting on target space background fields. In this process the string tension (fundamental string length) is promoted to a dynamical field, in agreement with the parallel developments in field theory. We then propose a string theory in a geodesically complete cosmological stringy background which suggests previously unimagined directions in the stringy exploration of the very early universe.

Itzhak Bars; Paul Steinhardt; Neil Turok

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

277

Theoretical Analysis of an Ideal Noiseless Linear Amplifier for Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Entanglement Distillation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the operational regime of a noiseless linear amplifier based on quantum scissors that can nondeterministically amplify the one photon component of a quantum state with weak excitation. It has been shown that an arbitrarily large quantum state can be amplified by first splitting it into weak excitation states using a network of beamsplitters. The output states of the network can then be coherently recombined. In this paper, we analyse the performance of such a device for distilling entanglement after transmission through a lossy quantum channel, and look at two measures to determine the efficacy of the noiseless linear amplifier. The measures used are the amount of entanglement achievable and the final purity of the output amplified entangled state. We study the performances of both a single and a two-element noiseless linear amplifier for amplifying weakly excited states. Practically, we show that it may be advantageous to work with a limited number of stages.

J. Bernu; S. Armstrong; T. Symul; T. C. Ralph; P. K. Lam

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

278

A noncontacting technique for measuring surface tension of liquids C. Cinbis and B. T. Khuri-Yakub  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A noncontacting technique for measuring surface tension of liquids C. Cinbis and B. T. Khuri is the surface tension which acts to minimize the surface area of the liquid. Therefore, capillary wavesin of capillary wavesin order to mea- sure in siiu the surface tension of liquids. Current tech- niques of surface

Khuri-Yakub, Butrus T. "Pierre"

279

Effect of surface tension on the acoustic radiation pressure-induced motion of the water-air interface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effect of surface tension on the acoustic radiation pressure-induced motion of the water to be a function of the surface tension. The time of mound formation measurementsin cleanwaterat low.Our objectiveisto investigatetheeffectsof surface tension on mound formation. We usea boundaryintegralmethodto

Khuri-Yakub, Butrus T. "Pierre"

280

Numerical simulation of bubble and droplet deformation by a level set approach with surface tension in three dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical simulation of bubble and droplet deformation by a level set approach with surface tension-dimensional Navier­Stokes solver for incompressible two-phase flow problems with surface tension and apply is the impact of surface tension and its discretization on the overall convergence behavior and conservation

Sminchisescu, Cristian

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

SURFACE TENSION In the fall a fisherman's boat is often surrounded by fallen leaves that are lying on the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- 1 of 9 - SURFACE TENSION Definition In the fall a fisherman's boat is often surrounded by fallen force. Instead, the force balancing a leaf's weight arises because of the surface tension of the water. Surface tension is a property that allows the surface of a liquid to behave somewhat as a trampoline does

California at Santa Cruz, University of

282

hal-00272925,version1-14Apr2008 SURFACE TENSION IN THE DILUTE ISING MODEL. THE WULFF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hal-00272925,version1-14Apr2008 SURFACE TENSION IN THE DILUTE ISING MODEL. THE WULFF CONSTRUCTION. MARC WOUTS Abstract. We study the surface tension and the phenomenon of phase coexistence for the Ising respect to random couplings) of surface tension and analyze its large deviations : upper deviations occur

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

283

The influence of the curvature dependence of the surface tension on the geometry of electrically charged menisci  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The influence of the curvature dependence of the surface tension on the geometry of electrically, Roio Poggio, I-67040 L'Aquila, Italy We evaluate how the curvature dependence of surface tension of surface tension on curvature becomes important when the "nucle- ation radius" is comparable

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

284

Effect of Adsorption on the Surface Tensions of Solid-Fluid Interfaces C. A. Ward* and Jiyu Wu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effect of Adsorption on the Surface Tensions of Solid-Fluid Interfaces C. A. Ward* and Jiyu Wu is proposed for determining the surface tensions of a solid in contact with either a liquid or a vapor. Only to obtain the expressions for the solid-vapor and the solid-liquid surface tensions, [1] SV and [1] SL

Ward, Charles A.

285

Physica 113A (1982) 338-342 North-Hollnnd Publishing Co. CRYSTALLINE SYMMETRY AND SURFACE TENSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physica 113A (1982) 338-342 North-Hollnnd Publishing Co. CRYSTALLINE SYMMETRY AND SURFACE TENSION that surface tension breaks the crystalline symmetry of the ground state. 1. Introduction The fundamental system (at zero pressure) such a crystal would have a regular hexagonal boundary and a surface tension

Radin, Charles

286

Interfaces and Free Boundaries 5 (2003), 183192 On the geometry of HeleShaw flows with small surface tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

surface tension ALEXANDER VASIL'EV AND IRINA MARKINA Departamento de Matem´atica, Universidad T January 2003] We study the time evolution of the free boundary of a viscous fluid in the non-zero-surface-tension. Keywords: Free boundary problem; Hele­Shaw flow; surface tension; conformal map. 2000 Mathematics Subject

Markina, Irina

287

JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 12, NO. 4, AUGUST 2003 387 Surface Tension-Powered Self-Assembly of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 12, NO. 4, AUGUST 2003 387 Surface Tension, IEEE Abstract--Because of the low dimensional power of its force scaling law, surface tension on surface tension powered self-assembly of microstructures. The existing theoretical approaches

Prentiss, Mara

288

A PARALLEL LEVEL-SET APPROACH FOR TWO-PHASE FLOW PROBLEMS WITH SURFACE TENSION IN THREE SPACE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A PARALLEL LEVEL-SET APPROACH FOR TWO-PHASE FLOW PROBLEMS WITH SURFACE TENSION IN THREE SPACE equations by the continuum surface force method. Surface tension is evaluated using a smoothed delta from the free surface. For the discretization of surface tension we need to apply a smoothing scheme

Sminchisescu, Cristian

289

An experimental and numerical study of surface tension-driven melt flow R.A. Parsons a,, F. Nimmo a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental and numerical study of surface tension-driven melt flow R.A. Parsons a,, F. Nimmo 2007 Abstract To determine the role of surface tension-driven melt migration in planetary bodies, we, surface tension causes the melt to relax back to a homogeneous distribution. Samples composed of 76 vol

Nimmo, Francis

290

Surface Tensions in NaCl-Water-Air Systems from MD Simulations Ranjit Bahadur, Lynn M. Russell,*, and Saman Alavi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface Tensions in NaCl-Water-Air Systems from MD Simulations Ranjit Bahadur, Lynn M. Russell, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6, Canada ReceiVed: July 9, 2007; In Final Form: July 30, 2007 Surface tensions to the surface tension, while the energy-integral and test area methods provide direct estimates. At 1 atm

Russell, Lynn

291

J. DISPERSION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 19(6&7) 1151-1162 (1998) SURFACE TENSION, STICKINESS AND ENGULFMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. DISPERSION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 19(6&7) 1151-1162 (1998) SURFACE TENSION, STICKINESS,2] that there were three important factors to consider in the mechanism of phagocytosis; these were surface tension] and Fowkes [10] then linked the Hamaker Constant to the dispersion contribution to surface tension. Van Oss

Schofield, Andrew B.

292

A Multiscale Approach to Mesh-based Surface Tension Flows Nils Thurey Chris Wojtan Markus Gross Greg Turk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Multiscale Approach to Mesh-based Surface Tension Flows Nils Th¨urey Chris Wojtan Markus Gross 1: Our method allows us to efficiently simulate complex surface tension phenomena such as this crown surface tension forces that is free from typical strict time step constraints. The second simulation layer

Frey, Pascal

293

Orthogonality conditions and asymptotic stability in the Stefan problem with surface tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove nonlinear asymptotic stability of steady spheres in the two-phase Stefan problem with surface tension. Our method relies on the introduction of appropriate orthogonality conditions in conjunction with a high-order energy method.

Mahir Hadzic

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Effects of petroleum distillate on viscosity, density and surface tension of intermediate and heavy crude oils  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimental and analytical studies have been carried out to better understand the effects of additives on viscosity, density and surface tension of intermediate and heavy crude oils. The studies have been conducted for the following oil samples...

Abdullayev, Azer

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

295

Application of a newly built semi-submersible vessel for transportation of a tension leg platform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Transportation of tension leg platform (TLP) structures for a long distance ... been associated with the use of a heavy semi-transport vessel. The requirements of this type ... vessel-Hai Yang Shi You 278. This semi

Dagang Zhang; Weiying Sun; Zhixia Fan

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Dynamic analysis of tension leg platform for offshore wind turbine support as fluid-structure interaction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tension leg platform (TLP) for offshore wind turbine support is a new type structure in wind energy utilization. The strong-interaction method is ... and the dynamic characteristics of the TLP for offshore wind turbine

Hu Huang ? ?; She-rong Zhang ???

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

High sensitivity charge amplifier for ion beam uniformity monitor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ion beam uniformity monitor for very low beam currents using a high-sensitivity charge amplifier with bias compensation. The ion beam monitor is used to assess the uniformity of a raster-scanned ion beam, such as used in an ion implanter, and utilizes four Faraday cups placed in the geometric corners of the target area. Current from each cup is integrated with respect to time, thus measuring accumulated dose, or charge, in Coulombs. By comparing the dose at each corner, a qualitative assessment of ion beam uniformity is made possible. With knowledge of the relative area of the Faraday cups, the ion flux and areal dose can also be obtained.

Johnson, Gary W. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Strong environmental coupling in a Josephson parametric amplifier  

SciTech Connect

We present a lumped-element Josephson parametric amplifier designed to operate with strong coupling to the environment. In this regime, we observe broadband frequency dependent amplification with multi-peaked gain profiles. We account for this behavior using the “pumpistor” model which allows for frequency dependent variation of the external impedance. Using this understanding, we demonstrate control over the complexity of gain profiles through added variation in the environment impedance at a given frequency. With strong coupling to a suitable external impedance, we observe a significant increase in dynamic range, and large amplification bandwidth up to 700?MHz giving near quantum-limited performance.

Mutus, J. Y.; White, T. C.; Barends, R.; Chen, Yu; Chen, Z.; Chiaro, B.; Dunsworth, A.; Jeffrey, E.; Kelly, J.; Neill, C.; O'Malley, P. J. J.; Roushan, P.; Sank, D.; Vainsencher, A.; Wenner, J.; Cleland, A. N.; Martinis, John M., E-mail: martinis@physics.ucsb.edu [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-9530 (United States); Megrant, A. [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-9530 (United States); Department of Materials, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Sundqvist, K. M. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States)

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

299

Effects of dynamic conditions and sheave efficiency on hook load, derrick load, and line tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EFFECTS OF DYNAMIC CONDITIONS AND SHEAVE EFFICIENCY ON HOOK LOAD, DERRICK LOAD, AND LINE TENSION A Thesis by GREGORY ROBERT LUKE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering EFFECTS OF DYNAMIC CONDITIONS AND SHEAVE EFFICIENCY ON HOOK LOAD, DERRICK LOAD, AND LINE TENSION A Thesis by GREGORY ROBERT LUKE Approved as to style and content by: Hans...

Luke, Gregory Robert

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Surface tension and curvature energy of quark matter in the NJL model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we study the surface tension and the curvature energy of three-flavor quark matter in equilibrium under weak interactions within the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model. We include the effect of color superconductivity and describe finite size effects within the multiple reflection expansion (MRE) framework. Our calculations result in large values of the surface tension which disfavor the formation of mixed phases at the hadron-quark inter-phase inside a hybrid star.

G. Lugones; A. G. Grunfeld; M. Al Ajmi

2013-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

International telecommunications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... A NEW Japanese telecommunications company established by Cable and Wireless of the United Kingdom began international services last week ... company an operating licence (see Nature 326, 319; 1987). The costs of international telecommunications in Japan are expected to drop significantly as a result of the new competition. ...

David Swinbanks

1989-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

302

ENGINEERING INTERNATIONAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sydney is Australia's largest city and its centre of finance and commerce. The Harbour Bridge, Opera House and Sydney Tower are internationally recognised icons, which represent both Sydney and its rich developed close links with many international institutions, particularly in Asia. ENGINEERING IN SYDNEY

University of Technology, Sydney

303

Theoretical study of line and boundary tension in adsorbed colloid-polymer mixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An extended theoretical study of interface potentials in adsorbed colloid-polymer mixtures is performed. To describe the colloid-polymer mixture near a hard wall, a simple Cahn-Nakanishi-Fisher free-energy functional is used. The bulk phase behavior and the substrate-adsorbate interaction are modelled by the free-volume theory for ideal polymers with polymer-to-colloid size ratios q=0.6 and q=1. The interface potentials are constructed with help from a Fisher-Jin crossing constraint. By manipulating the crossing density, a complete interface potential can be obtained from natural, single-crossing, profiles. The line tension in the partial wetting regime and the boundary tension along prewetting are computed from the interface potentials. The line tensions are of either sign, and descending with increasing contact angle. The line tension takes a positive value of 10^-14 - 10^-12 N near a first-order wetting transition, passes through zero and decreases to minus 10^-14 - 10^-12 N away from the first-order transition. The calculations of the boundary tension along prewetting yield values increasing from zero at the prewetting critical point up to the value of the line tension at first-order wetting.

Jesper Koning; Yves Vandecan; Joseph Indekeu

2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

304

Internal Communication  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 Internal Communication Process 11_0303 Page 1 of 6 9 Internal Communication Process 11_0303 Page 1 of 6 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Internal Communication Process Document Number: P-009 Rev 11_0303 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: Q-001 Quality Manual Notify of Changes: EOTA Employees Referenced Document(s): N/A P-009 Internal Communication Process 11_0303 Page 2 of 6 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change A Initial Release 09_0902 Modified process to better fit current practice. 10_0831 Added verbiage to clarify process. Added initiation phrase to process steps. 11_0303 Added QAM to the last step and made minor editorial updates. P-009 Internal Communication Process 11_0303 Page 3 of 6 I. Purpose

305

Spheromak reactor with poloidal flux-amplifying transformer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An inductive transformer in the form of a solenoidal coils aligned along the major axis of a flux core induces poloidal flux along the flux core's axis. The current in the solenoidal coil is then reversed resulting in a poloidal flux swing and the conversion of a portion of the poloidal flux to a toroidal flux in generating a spheromak plasma wherein equilibrium approaches a force-free, minimum Taylor state during plasma formation, independent of the initial conditions or details of the formation. The spheromak plasma is sustained with the Taylor state maintained by oscillating the currents in the poloidal and toroidal field coils within the plasma-forming flux core. The poloidal flux transformer may be used either as an amplifier stage in a moving plasma reactor scenario for initial production of a spheromak plasma or as a method for sustaining a stationary plasma and further heating it. The solenoidal coil embodiment of the poloidal flux transformer can alternately be used in combination with a center conductive cylinder aligned along the length and outside of the solenoidal coil. This poloidal flux-amplifying inductive transformer approach allows for a relaxation of demanding current carrying requirements on the spheromak reactor's flux core, reduces plasma contamination arising from high voltage electrode discharge, and improves the efficiency of poloidal flux injection.

Furth, Harold P. (Princeton, NJ); Janos, Alan C. (East Windsor, NJ); Uyama, Tadao (Osaka, JP); Yamada, Masaaki (Lawrenceville, NJ)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Observation of gain in a free-electron laser master oscillator-power amplifier  

SciTech Connect

We report the first operation of a master oscillator-power amplifier in which both devices are free-electron lasers. Gain optimization in the power amplifier was studied. A 35-A electron beam produced up to 60% gain at 3 {mu}m. The gain spectrum was obtained by gap tuning the power amplifier wiggler and evidence was found for violation of the Madey theorem due to high gain effects.

Vintro, L.; Benson, S.V.; Bhowmik, A.; Curtin, M.S.; Madey, J.M.J.; McMullin, W.A.; Richman, R.A. (Stanford Photon Research Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (USA) Rocketdyne Division, Rockwell International, 6633 Canoga Avenue, Canoga Park, California 91303 (USA))

1990-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

307

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplifies alterations induced Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for my application, current feedback or voltage feedback... ) are not apparent. Today's CFB and VFB amplifiers have comparable performance, but there are cer- tain unique Source:...

308

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplifies stroke-induced oligodendrogenesis...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for my application, current feedback or voltage feedback... ) are not apparent. Today's CFB and VFB amplifiers have comparable performance, but there are cer- tain unique Source:...

309

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplified temperature dependence Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for my application, current feedback or voltage feedback... ) are not apparent. Today's CFB and VFB amplifiers have comparable performance, but there are cer- tain unique Source:...

310

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplifiers Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for my application, current feedback or voltage feedback... ) are not apparent. Today's CFB and VFB amplifiers have comparable performance, but there are cer- tain unique Source:...

311

E-Print Network 3.0 - arbitrarily amplified dna Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

given DNA sequence millions of times. A. Denaturation: DNA is denatured. B. Annealing: Primer... acronyms associated with molecular markers AFLP Amplified Fragment Length...

312

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplified polymorphic dna-pcr Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the DNA PCR used to amplify desired regions Used designed primers in a three primer... isolates was enriched for microsatellites. Polymorphic microsatellites were...

313

Experimental realization of light with time separated correlations by rephasing amplified spontaneous emission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Amplified spontaneous emission is a common noise source in active optical systems, it is generally seen as being an incoherent process. Here we excite an ensemble of rare earth ion dopants in a solid with a {\\pi}-pulse, resulting in amplified spontaneous emission. The application of a second {\\pi}-pulse leads to a coherent echo of the amplified spontaneous emission that is correlated in both amplitude and phase. For small optical thicknesses, we see evidence that the amplified spontaneous emission and its echo are entangled.

Patrick M. Ledingham; William R. Naylor; Jevon J. Longdell

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

314

Cryogenic-cooled Yb:YAG amplifier for ns-pulses obtaining high optical efficiencies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a diode-pumped cryogenic cooled Yb:YAG amplifier for ns-pulses reaching a diode-to-laser efficiency of up to 46%.

Körner, Jörg; Liebetrau, Hartmut; Hein, Joachim; Kahle, Martin; Löser, Markus; Siebold, Mathias

315

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplifiers chain nonlinearity Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to stringent and challenging linearity requirements for the transmitter chain radio frequency (RF) amplifier... -order base-emitter voltage at frequency is found to be (7)...

316

Pixel super-resolution in serial time-encoded amplified microscopy (STEAM)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose pixel super-resolution serial time-encoded amplified microscopy (STEAM) for achieves high speed and high-resolution imaging - relaxing the stringent requirement on the...

Wong, Terence T W; Chan, Antony; Wong, Kenneth K Y; Tsia, Kevin K

317

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplified spontaneous emission Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics, Yale University Collection: Physics 22 Broad band p-Ge optical amplifier of terahertz radiation A. V. Muravjov and S. H. Withers Summary: transitions and terahertz...

318

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplified dispersive fourier Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collection: Engineering ; Materials Science 33 Broad band p-Ge optical amplifier of terahertz radiation A. V. Muravjov and S. H. Withers Summary: is undistorted by dispersion...

319

Energy scaling of femtosecond amplifiers using actively controlled divided-pulse amplification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Divided-pulse amplification is a promising method for the energy scaling of femtosecond laser amplifiers, where pulses are temporally split prior to amplification and coherently...

Kienel, Marco; Klenke, Arno; Eidam, Tino; Hädrich, Steffen; Limpert, Jens; Tünnermann, Andreas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

International Portfolio  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center (CERC) is a multi-year international effort focused on developing and implementing energy efficiency technologies in both the USA and in China. The...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Tension control of web of winder span using adaptive gain control method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the most important issues concerning the handling of the web in a roll-to-roll printing system is tension control of the web. In particular, the tension controls for the winders, including both the un-winder and re-winder, are required for the stable supply of the web and collecting of the printed electronic devices in the form of a roll without causing defects in the devices, respectively. The web tension control of the winder span requires time-variable control gains because the dynamics of the web vary with the winder roller radius. If fixed gains are used to control the web tension of the winder span regardless of changes in the radius of the winder roller, the tension could be unstable. Therefore, previous studies have tried to control the web tension of the winder span while considering the time-variable characteristics of the web dynamics by changing proportional-integral-derivative (PID) gains according to the roll radius or by applying adaptive control methods. However, most of these studies were limited to simulations. In this study, different types of fuzzy-PID controllers were applied to control winder tensions considering the dynamic characteristics of winders in a roll-to-roll system. A modified fuzzy-PID method is suggested that adjusts PID gains to correspond to changes in the dynamics of the web of the re-winder. PID gains based on these fuzzy rules vary within a range of positive values according to changes in the un-winder roller radius as opposed to the conventional fuzzy-PID controller, in which the fuzzy rules vary from negative to positive. On the other hand, the conventional fuzzy-PID controller is applied to the re-winder control to improve the response considering dynamics characteristics of re-winder that differs from that of re-winder. The proposed method was applied to the tension controls of the un-winder and re-winder of an actual roll-to-roll system and was verified through experiments. Both the simulation and experimental results showed that the proposed method can successfully control the web tension of winder systems.

Jong-Chan Park; Sung Woong Jeon; Ki Sang Nam; Lei Liu; Junfeng Sun; Chung Hwan Kim

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

A tentative programme towards a full scale energy amplifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a proposal of a full scale demonstration plant of the Energy Amplifier (EA), following the conceptual design of Ref. [1]. Unlike the presently on going CERN experiments, reaction rates will be sufficiently massive to permit demonstrating the practical feasibility of energy generation on an industrial scale and to tackle the complete family chains of [1] the breeding process in Thorium fuel, [2] the burning of the self-generated Actinides, [3] the Plutonium (higher Actinides) burning of spent fuel from ordinary Reactors and [4] Fuel reprocessing/regeneration. The accelerator must provide a beam power which is commensurate to the rate of transformations which are sought. No existing accelerator can meet such a performance and a dedicated facility must be built. We describe an alternative based on the superconducting cavities (SC) now in standard use at the LEP \\[e^+-e^-\\] collider which is scheduled to terminate its operation by year 200 After this time, with reasonable modifications, the fully opera...

Rubbia, Carlo

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Cavity-enhanced optical bottle beam as a mechanical amplifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We analyze the resonant cavity enhancement of a hollow “optical bottle beam” for the dipole-force trapping of dark-field-seeking species. We first improve upon the basic bottle beam by adding further Laguerre-Gaussian components to deepen the confining potential. Each of these components itself corresponds to a superposition of transverse cavity modes, which are then enhanced simultaneously in a confocal cavity to produce a deep optical trap needing only a modest incident power. The response of the trapping field to displacement of the cavity mirrors offers an unusual form of mechanical amplifier in which the Gouy phase shift produces an optical Vernier scale between the Laguerre-Gaussian beam components.

Tim Freegarde and Kishan Dholakia

2002-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

324

MU INTERNATIONAL DIRECTORY International Directory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Ag., Food & Natural Resources International Programs http://students.missouri.edu/~asa Association of Malaysian Students http://www.missouri.edu/~ctl2m5/index.html Bangladesh Student Association

Taylor, Jerry

325

Nonlinear behavior and applications of vertical cavity semiconductor optical amplifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEE Proceedings-J Optoelectronics, 132, 8. M. J. Adams, “IEE Proceedings-J Optoelectronics, 132, 11. G. P. Angrawal,International Journal of Optoelectronics. 11, 155-168 (1997)

Zhang, Haijiang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Construction of a 1014.8nm fiber amplifier for quadrupling into the UV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A fiber amplifier is constructed at 1014.8nm and then frequency doubled to produce 507.4nm. This could then be frequency doubled again to produce 253.7 radiation. The fiber amplifier consists of Ytterbium doped double-clad fiber cooled to low...

Giuoco, Frank Joseph

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

327

Gain Scheduling Control Design of an Erbium-Doped Fibre Amplifier by Pump Compensation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gain Scheduling Control Design of an Erbium-Doped Fibre Amplifier by Pump Compensation Min Ding amplifier's (EDFA's) dynamics. We demonstrate a gain scheduling scheme on a PID controller that minimizes- pensation. The scheduled controller requires only three easily accessible parameters: the total input power

Pavel, Lacra

328

Nonlinear harmonic modeling of phemt devices for increased power amplifier efficiencies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is a comprehensive study of how harmonic terminations can greatly increase a power amplifier's efficiency (PAE). To show this improvement, the PHEMT amplifier is biased in the low noise region of operation (L, = 20 mA, Vd, = 3 V...

Strassner, Bernd Herbert

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

www.ti.com SNOSC25B MAY 2004REVISED OCTOBER 2004 LM741 Operational Amplifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LM741 www.ti.com SNOSC25B ­MAY 2004­REVISED OCTOBER 2004 LM741 Operational Amplifier Check for Samples: LM741 1FEATURES 2· Overload protection on the input and output · No latch-up when the common mode range is exceeded DESCRIPTION The LM741 series are general purpose operational amplifiers which feature

Lynch, Jerome P.

330

Cognitive Transmission and Performance Analysis for Amplify-and-Forward Two-Way Relay Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cognitive Transmission and Performance Analysis for Amplify-and-Forward Two-Way Relay Networks, Canada Abstract--In this paper, we propose a cognitive transmission scheme for Amplify-and-Forward (AF- ability of the cognitive TWRN over Rayleigh fading channels. Furthermore, based on these probabilities

Tellambura, Chintha

331

A high-performance cryogenic amplifier based on a radio-frequency single electron transistor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A high-performance cryogenic amplifier based on a radio-frequency single electron transistor K, Sweden Received 23 May 2002; accepted 24 October 2002 We demonstrate a high-performance cryogenic-chip integrability, make it a good candidate for a general-purpose cryogenic amplifier for high impedance sources. We

Segall, Ken

332

Monolithic amplifier with stable, high resistance feedback element and method for fabricating the same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A monolithic amplifier includes a stable, high resistance feedback circuit and a dynamic bias circuit. The dynamic bias circuit is formed with active elements matched to those in the amplifier and feedback circuit to compensate for variations in the operating and threshold voltages thereby maintaining a stable resistance in the feedback circuit. 11 figs.

O`Connor, P.

1998-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

333

Advanced Design of Broadband Distributed Amplifier using a SiGe BiCMOS Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced Design of Broadband Distributed Amplifier using a SiGe BiCMOS Technology Gye-An Lee distributed amplifier for optical communication applications using SiGe BiCMOS technology. The design of some techniques are needed at such high frequencies. Main obstacles in the design of a silicon- based distributed

De Flaviis, Franco

334

High-performace cladding-pumped erbium-doped fibre laser and amplifier  

SciTech Connect

We report cladding-pumped erbium-doped fibre laser and amplifier configurations. Through fibre design optimisation, we have achieved a record-high laser slope efficiency, 40 % with respect to absorbed pump power ({lambda} = 976 nm), and an output power of 7.5 W. The erbium-doped fibre amplifier efficiency reaches 32 %.

Kotov, L V; Likhachev, M E; Bubnov, M M; Medvedkov, O I; Lipatov, D S; Vechkanov, N N; Guryanov, Aleksei N

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

335

A MMIC/Hybrid High-Efficiency X-Band Power Amplifier Michael Litchfield, Michael Roberg  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the MMIC design and hybrid load-pull data. II. MMIC DESIGN To obtain over 3 W of output power at 10 GHz in the MMIC, allowing for external fundamental load-pull only. The results show a power added efficiency (PAE. Index Terms-- Power Amplifier, MMIC, Hybrid, Load- Pull. I. INTRODUCTION Power amplifiers with power

Popovic, Zoya

336

Self-oscillating modulators for direct energy conversion audio power amplifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Self-oscillating modulators for direct energy conversion audio power amplifiers Petar Ljusev1, Denmark Correspondence should be addressed to Petar Ljusev (pl@oersted.dtu.dk) ABSTRACT Direct energy conversion audio power amplifier represents total integration of switching-mode power supply and Class D

337

A 5-WATT, 37-GHz MONOLITHIC GRID AMPLIFIER Blythe Deckman1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the fabricated active grid. Thermal Management Previous grid amplifiers lacked a heat spreader, so Figure 1A 5-WATT, 37-GHz MONOLITHIC GRID AMPLIFIER Blythe Deckman1 , Donald S. Deakin, Jr.2 , Emilio Sovero has been demonstrated. The area of the grid am- plifier is 1 cm2, and there are 512 transistors

338

A LOW-DISTORTION CLASS-AB AUDIO AMPLIFIER WITH HIGH POWER EFFICIENCY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A LOW-DISTORTION CLASS-AB AUDIO AMPLIFIER WITH HIGH POWER EFFICIENCY BY CHAITANYA MOHAN, B of Sciences, Engineering Specialization in: Electrical Engineering New Mexico State University Las Cruces, New Mexico March 2011 #12;"A Low-Distortion Class-AB Audio Amplifier with High Power Efficiency," a the- sis

Furth, Paul

339

Internal Dosimetry  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MEASUREMENT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-STD-1121-2008 Change Notice No.1 October 2013 DOE STANDARD INTERNAL DOSIMETRY U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://energy.gov/hss/information-center/department-energy- technical-standards-program ii Change Notice 1. Internal Dosimetry DOE-STD-1121-2008 Page/Section Change Throughout Change: airborne contamination To: airborne radioactivity Section 1.5, p. 4 Change: HPS N 13.1-1999 To: HPS N 13.1-2011 Section 1.5, p. 4 Change: HPS N 13.6-1999 To: HPS N 13,.6-2010 Section 1.5, p. 4 Delete: HPS N 13.14-1994, Internal Dosimetry Programs for

340

Surface tension of multi-phase flow with multiple junctions governed by the variational principle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore a computational model of an incompressible fluid with a multi-phase field in three-dimensional Euclidean space. By investigating an incompressible fluid with a two-phase field geometrically, we reformulate the expression of the surface tension for the two-phase field found by Lafaurie, Nardone, Scardovelli, Zaleski and Zanetti (J. Comp. Phys. \\vol{113} \\yr{1994} \\pages{134-147}) as a variational problem related to an infinite dimensional Lie group, the volume-preserving diffeomorphism. The variational principle to the action integral with the surface energy reproduces their Euler equation of the two-phase field with the surface tension. Since the surface energy of multiple interfaces even with singularities is not difficult to be evaluated in general and the variational formulation works for every action integral, the new formulation enables us to extend their expression to that of a multi-phase ($N$-phase, $N\\ge2$) flow and to obtain a novel Euler equation with the surface tension of the multi-phase field. The obtained Euler equation governs the equation of motion of the multi-phase field with different surface tension coefficients without any difficulties for the singularities at multiple junctions. In other words, we unify the theory of multi-phase fields which express low dimensional interface geometry and the theory of the incompressible fluid dynamics on the infinite dimensional geometry as a variational problem. We apply the equation to the contact angle problems at triple junctions. We computed the fluid dynamics for a two-phase field with a wall numerically and show the numerical computational results that for given surface tension coefficients, the contact angles are generated by the surface tension as results of balances of the kinematic energy and the surface energy.

Shigeki Matsutani; Kota Nakano; Katsuhiko Shinjo

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Optimum design of transverse tendons in post-tensioned slab bridges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Civil Engineering OPTIMUM DESIGN OF TRANSVERSE TENDONS IN POST-TENSIONED SLAB BRIDGES A Thesis by Syed Naved Aftab Approved as to style and content by: Paul N. Roschke (Cha'ref Co 'ttee) yJ JZU Lee L. Lowery... (Member) James T. P. Y o (Head of Department) G L. Curry (Member) December 1991 Optimum Design of Transverse Tendons in Post-Tensioned Slab Bridges. (December 1991) Syed Naved Aftab, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chair Of Advisory Committee: Dr...

Aftab, Syed

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

342

INTERNATIONAL COURSEGUIDE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Applied Science, Arts and Design, Information Sciences and Engineering. INTERNATIONAL COURSE GUIDE01 #00212K, University of Canberra College #01893E. Information in this guide was correct at time in a competitive global market. This can involve work integrated learning, and in many courses students have

Canberra, University of

343

International Educational  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Journal of Educational Technology Opportunities and options for Web-enabled databases.D., Arizona State University The landscape of Web-based instruction is changing due to the convergence of the Web and database servers. Web-based database (WBD) servers enhance Web-based instruction by providing

Yu, Alex

344

INTERNATIONAL STUDYCENTRE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;6 Experiential Learning 8 21st Century Education 9 Supporting your Success 18 Financing your Castle Education is located in a 15th century castle, but our focus is the 21st century, an age of networks and processes escaping the Nazis, Dr. Alfred Bader fled to England in 1938, from where he was sent to an internment camp

Abolmaesumi, Purang

345

INTERNATIONAL STUDYCENTRE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;6 Experiential Learning 8 21st Century Education 9 Supporting your Success 18 Financing your Castle Education in a 15th century castle, but our focus is the 21st, a century of networks and processes.Where people escaping the Nazis, Dr. Alfred Bader fled to England in 1938, from where he was sent to an internment camp

Graham, Nick

346

Pre-Amplifier Module for Laser Inertial Confinement Fusion  

SciTech Connect

The Pre-Amplifier Modules (PAMs) are the heart of the National Ignition Facility (NIF), providing most of the energy gain for the most energetic laser in the world. Upon completion, NIF will be the only laboratory in which scientists can examine the fusion processes that occur inside stars, supernovae, and exploding nuclear weapons and that may someday serve as a virtually inexhaustible energy source for electricity. Consider that in a fusion power plant 50 cups of water could provide the energy comparable to 2 tons of coal. Of paramount importance for achieving laser-driven fusion ignition with the least energy input is the synchronous and symmetric compression of the target fuel--a condition known as laser power balance. NIF's 48 PAMs thus must provide energy gain in an exquisitely stable and consistent manner. While building one module that meets performance requirements is challenging enough, our design has already enabled the construction and fielding of 48 PAMs that are stable, uniform, and interchangeable. PAM systems are being tested at the University of Rochester's Laboratory for Laser Energetics, and the Atomic Weapons Enterprise of Great Britain has purchased the PAM power system.

Heebner, J E; Bowers, M W

2008-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

347

Two-dimensional design of post-tensioned concrete flat slab bridges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new procedure is described for design of flat-slab post- tensioned highway bridges. The goal is to provide a rational, sophisticated, and yet relatively facile method of design for this complex class of structures. One-dimensional strip analysis...

Shrestha, Suchitra Bahadur

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

348

Roughening transitions and surface tension in an HCP lattice with higher neighbor interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Roughening transitions and surface tension in an HCP lattice with higher neighbor interactions roughening transitions have been observed experimentally. Most previous simulation studies on roughening roughening temperatures for these three surfaces as a function of higher neighbor interactions of both signs

Adler, Joan

349

Crystallographic texture evolution in high-density polyethylene during uniaxial tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Crystallographic texture evolution in high-density polyethylene during uniaxial tension D. Lia , H experimental measurements of crystallographic texture evolution in high-density polyethylene subjected to very straining of high-density polyethylene to large strains. There are at least three distinct preferred

Garmestani, Hamid

350

On the limit of large surface tension for a fluid motion with free boundary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the free boundary Euler equations in two spatial dimensions. We prove that if the boundary is sufficiently regular, then solutions of the free boundary fluid motion converge to solutions of the Euler equations in a fixed domain when the coefficient of surface tension tends to infinity.

Marcelo M. Disconzi; David G. Ebin

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

351

Surface tension and the mechanics of liquid inclusions in compliant solids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Eshelby's theory of inclusions has wide-reaching implications across the mechanics of materials and structures including the theories of composites, fracture, and plasticity. However, it does not include the effects of surface stress, which has recently been shown to control many processes in soft materials such as gels, elastomers and biological tissue. To extend Eshelby's theory of inclusions to soft materials, we consider liquid inclusions within an isotropic, compressible, linear-elastic solid. We solve for the displacement and stress fields around individual stretched inclusions, accounting for the bulk elasticity of the solid and the surface tension (\\textit{i.e.} isotropic strain-independent surface stress) of the solid-liquid interface. Surface tension significantly alters the inclusion's shape and stiffness as well as its near- and far-field stress fields. These phenomenon depend strongly on the ratio of inclusion radius, $R$, to an elastocapillary length, $L$. Surface tension is significant whenever inclusions are smaller than $100L$. While Eshelby theory predicts that liquid inclusions generically reduce the stiffness of an elastic solid, our results show that liquid inclusions can actually stiffen a solid when $Rsurface tension cloaks the far-field signature of liquid inclusions when $R=3L/2$. These results are have far-reaching applications from measuring local stresses in biological tissue, to determining the failure strength of soft composites.

Robert W. Style; John S. Wettlaufer; Eric R. Dufresne

2014-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

352

Compound pendant drop tensiometry for surface tension measurement at zero Bond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is stationary, the net force acting on it must be zero. The net force is the sum of three forces: (iCompound pendant drop tensiometry for surface tension measurement at zero Bond number of the particle Fweight acting downwards. We now calculate each of these components separately, adopting

Chan, Derek Y C

353

On stability condition for bifluid flows with surface tension: Application to microfluidics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On stability condition for bifluid flows with surface tension: Application to microfluidics Ce simulations of microfluidic flows using a Level Set method, namely the exploration of different mixing-vol- umes; Microfluidics; Droplets 1. Introduction Analysis and algorithms derived herein are the result

Frey, Pascal

354

Bubble Prints Main Concept: Tension...but it's mostly just fun  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bubble Prints Main Concept: Tension...but it's mostly just fun Materials Glasses/Jars .25 cup glasses or bowls to have a selection of bubble print colors. 3. Cover the top of the jars or glasses and shake until the bubble mix and paint are well mixed together. 4. Dump out about 1/2 inch of the bubble

Benitez-Nelson, Claudia

355

PARAMETERIZATIONS FOR THE KELVIN (SURFACE TENSION) EFFECT ON THE EQUILIBRIUM RADIUS AND ASSOCIATED OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PARAMETERIZATIONS FOR THE KELVIN (SURFACE TENSION) EFFECT ON THE EQUILIBRIUM RADIUS AND ASSOCIATED as the volume-equivalent dry radius rdry) and the fractional relative humidity h (RH/100). Surface tension also the dependence of the equilibrium size of a particle with given rdry at given relative humidity on surface

356

INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

INTERNATIONAL INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS Signed by Secretary Spencer Abraham January 2001-December 2004 TABLE OF CONTENTS Joint Statement of ntent between the Department of Energy of the United States ofAmerica and The Ministry of Energy and Mines of the Republic ofPeru on Cooperation in the Field of Energy -Tab 1 Fifth Hemispheric Energy Ministers Meeting Mexico City, Mexico - March 9, 2001. Mexico Declaration - Energy: A Crucial Factor for Integration and Sustainable Development in the Hemisphere - Tab 2 Extension of the Agreement for Energy Cooperation between the Department of Energy of the United States ofAmerica and the Secretariat ofEnergy of the United Mexican States, and its Four Annexes - Tab3 Implementing Agreement between the Department ofEnergy of the United States ofAmerica and the

357

Method and system for compact, multi-pass pulsed laser amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A laser amplifier includes an input aperture operable to receive laser radiation having a first polarization, an output aperture coupled to the input aperture by an optical path, and a polarizer disposed along an optical path. A transmission axis of the polarizer is aligned with the first polarization. The laser amplifier also includes n optical switch disposed along the optical path. The optical switch is operable to pass the laser radiation when operated in a first state and to reflect the laser radiation when operated in a second state. The laser amplifier further includes an optical gain element disposed along the optical path and a polarization rotation device disposed along the optical path.

Erlandson, Alvin Charles

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

358

Field-amplified sample stacking and focusing in nanofluidic channels  

SciTech Connect

Nanofluidic technology is gaining popularity for bioanalytical applications due to advances in both nanofabrication and design. One major obstacle in the widespread adoption of such technology for bioanalytical systems is efficient detection of samples due to the inherently low analyte concentrations present in such systems. This problem is exacerbated by the push for electronic detection, which requires an even higher sensor-local sample concentration than optical detection. This paper explores one of the most common preconcentration techniques, field-amplified sample stacking, in nanofluidic systems in efforts to alleviate this obstacle. Holding the ratio of background electrolyte concentrations constant, the parameters of channel height, strength of electric field, and concentration are varied. Although in micron scale systems, these parameters have little or no effect on the final concentration enhancement achieved, nanofluidic experiments show strong dependencies on each of these parameters. Further, nanofluidic systems demonstrate an increased concentration enhancement over what is predicted and realized in microscale counterparts. Accordingly, a depth-averaged theoretical model is developed that explains these observations and furthermore predicts a novel focusing mechanism that can explain the increased concentration enhancement achieved. Specifically, when the electric double layer is sufficient in size relative to the channel height, negatively charged analyte ions are repelled from negatively charged walls, and thus prefer to inhabit the centerline of the channels. The resulting induced pressure gradients formed due to the high and low electrical conductivity fluids in the channel force the ions to move at a slower velocity in the low-conductivity region, and a faster velocity in the high-conductivity region, leading to focusing. A simple single-channel model is capable of predicting key experimental observations, while a model that incorporates the details of the fluid inlet and outlet ports allows for more detailed comparisons between model and experiment.

Sustarich, Jess M.; Pennathur, Sumita [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Storey, Brian D. [Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering, Needham, Massachusetts 02492 (United States)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

359

Diamond Amplified Photocathode at BNL | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Diamond Amplified Photocathode at BNL Diamond Amplified Photocathode at BNL Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Spinoff Applications Spinoff Archives SBIR/STTR Applications of Nuclear Science and Technology Funding Opportunities Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) News & Resources Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-26/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3613 F: (301) 903-3833 E: sc.np@science.doe.gov More Information » Spinoff Archives Diamond Amplified Photocathode at BNL Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Application/instrumentation: Diamond amplified photocathode Developed at: Brookhaven National Laboratory, New York Developed in: 2004-2007 Result of NP research:

360

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplified ligation selected Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

derived from faster variants of a RNA ligase deoxyribozyme Summary: -phosphate on primer 2) were used to PCR amplify the step C gel band containing the ligation product... of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplified polymorphic dna Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

University Collection: Biology and Medicine 8 Molecular Ecology Notes (2001)1,126-127 PRIMER NOTE Summary: ) detection assay for polymorphism. We have used a was used to amplify...

362

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplified dispersive fourier-transform...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fourier-transform Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: amplified dispersive fourier-transform Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Pulse energy...

363

Nonlinearity and noise modeling of operational transconductance amplifiers for continuous time analog filters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A general framework for performance optimization of continuous-time OTA-C (Operational Transconductance Amplifier-Capacitor) filters is proposed. Efficient procedures for evaluating nonlinear distortion and noise valid for any filter of arbitrary...

Ramachandran, Arun

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

364

A low power, high dynamic-range, broadband variable gain amplifier for an ultra wideband receiver  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A fully differential Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) Variable Gain Amplifier (VGA) consisting of complementary differential pairs with source degeneration, a current gain stage with programmable current mirror, and resistor loads...

Chen, Lin

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

365

Narrowband optical parametric amplifier for efficient conversion of high-energy pulse with high beam quality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a two-stage optical parametric amplifier based on KTiOAO4 crystals, we apply beam-overlapping technique to nanosecond signal pulse amplification, which results in high conversion...

Li, Huanhuan; Zhu, Xiaolei; Ma, Xiuhuan; Li, Shiguang; Huang, Chongde; Zhang, Junxuan; Chen, Weibiao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Generation of high energy and good beam quality pulses with a master oscillator power amplifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A high efficiency and high peak power laser system with short-pulse and good beam quality has been demonstrated by using a master oscillator power amplifier with two-pass...

Li, Zhigang; Xiong, Z; Moore, Nicholas; Tao, Chen; Lim, G C; Huang, Weiling; Huang, Dexiu

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

E-Print Network 3.0 - arctic vegetation amplify Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Y N C H E T A L . 2001 American Meteorological Society Summary: vegetation, permafrost, soil, and the atmo- sphere to amplify ecosystem change. MacDonald et al. (1993... the...

368

High-energy Laser Amplifiers using Ultra-broad Emitting Yb-doped Materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-energy laser amplifiers using Yb-doped gain media often show reduced efficiencies especially when operating at ultra-short pulses. We summarize techniques to improve storage and...

Siebold, Mathias; Loeser, Markus; Roeser, Fabian; Uecker, Reinhard; Koerner, Joerg; Hein, Joachim; Hornung, Marco; Kaluza, Malte; Schramm, Ulrich

369

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplified-efficiency solar cells Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for: amplified-efficiency solar cells Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 The global demand for energy is expanding continually. Therefore, realization of green power sources are needed...

370

Energy Scaling of a White-Light-Seeded Noncollinear Optical Parametric Amplifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Scaling of the pulse energy of a white-light-continuum-seeded two-stage noncollinear optical parametric amplifier to the 300-µJ level is demonstrated. Sub-25-fs pulses tunable...

Zheng, Jiaan; Mero, Mark; Tzankov, Pancho; Polli, Dario; Manzoni, Cristian; Cerullo, Giulio

371

E-Print Network 3.0 - amplified mtdna segments Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

results for: amplified mtdna segments Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 42(3):304-309,2001 FORENSIC SCIENCES Summary: mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) testing is the low power of...

372

Optimal design of ultrahigh-energy laser amplifier chain with high storage energy extraction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the concept of constant-fluence amplification. It refers to the fact that laser fluence anywhere in the amplifier gain medium is identical to the design fluence...

Liu, Qiang; Hong, Hailong; Fu, Xing; Sui, Zhan; Huang, Lei; Gong, Mali

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

All-optical logic gates based on vertical cavity semiconductor optical amplifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors 2007in International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors 2007The 2007 International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors

Gauss, Veronica Andrea

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Superfluorescence and amplified spontaneous emission of 29-cm-1 phonons in ruby  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Superfluorescence and amplified spontaneous emission of 29-cm-1 phonons are observed following inversion of the E¯(2E)-2A¯(2E) acoustic transition of Cr3+ in ruby. The conditions for both of these manifestations of phonon avalanches are selected via the Cr3+ concentration. Superfluorescence is described in terms of a pendulum equation of the acoustic Bloch vector. Rate equations of the level and phonon populations account for amplified spontaneous emission.

M. H. F. Overwijk; J. I. Dijkhuis; H. W. de Wijn

1990-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

375

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C6, supplement au n 8, Tome 39, aout 1978, page C6-205 SURFACE TENSION AND DENSITY PROFILE OF LIQUID He+  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

variationnelle la tension superficielle et le profil de densité au voisinage de la surface. On tient compte des 3 He as input. The calculation yields a surface tension of 0.134 K/A2 which compares well the same radial distribution function as input. The surface tension of liquid 3 He has been measured over

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

376

Appeared in Communications in Pure and Applied Mathematics volume 51, pages 733--795, 1998. SINGULARITY FORMATION IN THIN JETS WITH SURFACE TENSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. SINGULARITY FORMATION IN THIN JETS WITH SURFACE TENSION M. C. PUGH AND M. J. SHELLEY Abstract. We derive immiscible fluid by fluid interfaces with surface tension. Both fluids are assumed to be in­ compressible. These singularities are driven by the surface tension, and are very similar to those observed previously by Hou

Pugh, Mary

377

Surface tension of an electrolyteair interface: a Monte Carlo study This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface tension of an electrolyte­air interface: a Monte Carlo study This article has been 24 (2012) 284115 (5pp) doi:10.1088/0953-8984/24/28/284115 Surface tension of an electrolyte for calculating the surface tension of an electrolyte­air interface using Monte Carlo (MC) simulations

Levin, Yan

378

PHYSICAL REVIEW E 86, 026119 (2012) Shape of an elastic loop strongly bent by surface tension: Experiments and comparison with theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PHYSICAL REVIEW E 86, 026119 (2012) Shape of an elastic loop strongly bent by surface tension a simple and reliable way to measure surface tension. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.86.026119 PACS number(s): 89]. For increasing surface tension, it successively bifurcates to a planar oval shape, to a twisted saddlelike

Audoly, Basile

379

Appeared in Communications in Pure and Applied Mathematics volume 51, pages 733795, 1998. SINGULARITY FORMATION IN THIN JETS WITH SURFACE TENSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. SINGULARITY FORMATION IN THIN JETS WITH SURFACE TENSION M. C. PUGH AND M. J. SHELLEY Abstract. We derive immiscible fluid by fluid interfaces with surface tension. Both fluids are assumed to be in- compressible. These singularities are driven by the surface tension, and are very similar to those observed previously by Hou

Pugh, Mary

380

Physica 65 (1973) 73-88 0 North-Holland Publishing Co. SURFACE TENSION IN THE TWO-DIMENSIONAL ISING MODEL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physica 65 (1973) 73-88 0 North-Holland Publishing Co. SURFACE TENSION IN THE TWO-DIMENSIONAL ISING of surface tension between oppositely magnetised phases in the two-dimensional Ising model. With nearest?) defined and calculated exactly a surface tension. This was later shown by Fisher and Ferdinand5

Roma "La Sapienza", Università di

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Numerical simulation of the stochastic dynamics of inclusions in biomembranes in presence of surface tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The stochastic dynamics of inclusions in a randomly fluctuating biomembrane is simulated. These inclusions can represent the embedded proteins and the external particles arriving at a cell membrane. The energetics of the biomembrane is modelled via the Canham-Helfrich Hamiltonian. The contributions of both the bending elastic-curvature energy and the surface tension of the biomembrane are taken into account. The biomembrane is treated as a two-dimensional sheet whose height variations from a reference frame is treated as a stochastic Wiener process. The lateral diffusion parameter associated with this Wiener process coupled with the longitudinal diffusion parameter obtained from the standard Einsteinian diffusion theory completely determine the stochastic motion of the inclusions. It is shown that the presence of surface tension significantly affects the overall dynamics of the inclusions, particularly the rate of capture of the external inclusions, such as drug particles, at the site of the embedded inclusions, such as the embedded proteins.

H. Rafii-Tabar; H. R. Sepangi

2005-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

382

Surface Tension and Negative Pressure Interior of a Non-Singular `Black Hole'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The constant density interior Schwarzschild solution for a static, spherically symmetric collapsed star has a divergent pressure when its radius $R\\le\\frac{9}{8}R_s=\\frac{9}{4}GM$. We show that this divergence is integrable, and induces a non-isotropic transverse stress with a finite redshifted surface tension on a spherical surface of radius $R_0=3R\\sqrt{1-\\frac{8}{9}\\frac{R}{R_s}}$. For $r surface is localized at the Schwarzschild radius itself, $R_0=R_s$, and the solution has constant negative pressure $p =-\\bar\\rho$ everywhere in the interior $rsurface tension of the condensate star surface is given by $\\tau_s=\\Delta\\kappa/8\\pi G$, where $\\Delta\\kappa=\\kappa_+-\\kappa_-=2\\kappa_+=1/R_s$ is the difference of equal and opposite surface grav...

Mazur, Pawel O

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

The Role of Surface Tension for the Equation of State of Quark-Gluon Bags  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The temperature and chemical potential dependent surface tension of bags is introduced into the gas of quark-gluon bags model. The suggested model is solved analytically. It resolves a long standing problem of a unified description of the first and second order phase transition with the cross-over. Such an approach is necessary to model the complicated properties of quark-gluon plasma and hadronic matter from the first principles of statistical mechanics. In addition to the deconfinement phase transition, we found that at the curve of a zero surface tension coefficient there must exist the surface induced phase tranition of the 2-nd or higher order, which separates the pure quark gluon plasma (QGP) from the cross-over states. Thus, the present model predicts that the critical endpoint of quantum chromodynamics is the tricritical endpoint.

K. A. Bugaev

2007-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

384

Temperature-extended Jarzynski relation: Application to the numerical calculation of the surface tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a generalization of the Jarzynski relation to the case where the system interacts with a bath for which the temperature is not kept constant but can vary during the transformation. We suggest to use this relation as a replacement to the thermodynamic perturbation method or the Bennett method for the estimation of the order-order surface tension by Monte Carlo simulations. To demonstrate the feasibility of the method, we present some numerical data for the 3D Ising model.

Christophe Chatelain

2007-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

385

Internal Dosimetry  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21-2008 21-2008 October 2008 DOE STANDARD INTERNAL DOSIMETRY U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE ii This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ DOE-STD-1121-2008 iii FOREWORD 1. This Department of Energy (DOE) standard is approved for use by all DOE Components and their contractors. 2. Constructive comments (recommendations, additions, deletions) and any pertinent data that may improve this document should be sent to Office of Worker Safety and Health Policy (HS-11) U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585

386

The slowly varying density approximation for the surface tension and surface energy of  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a detailed study of the validity of the slowly varying density approximation to calculate the surface tension and the surface energy of Lennard-Jones fluids. To do so, we consider three explicit analytical expressions for the radial distribution function of the liquid phase, including one proposed by our research group, together with very accurate expressions for the liquid and vapour densities, also proposed by ourselves. The calculation of the surface tension from the direct correlation function using the Percus–Yevick and the hypernetted-chain approximations is also considered. Finally, our results are compared with those obtained by other authors by computer simulation, and also with those estimated via the general expressions (i.e., not in the ambit of the approximation studied here). We demonstrate that although the slowly varying density approximation is in good agreement with more complex expressions near the critical point, it is not adequate to calculate the surface energy and the surface tension of Lennard-Jones fluids at every temperature.

A Mulero; C Galán; F Cuadros

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Role of Surface Tension in Adhesive Contact between a Rigid Sphere and a Soft Elastic Substrate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The surface tension of compliant materials such as gels provides resistance to deformation in addition to and sometimes surpassing that due to elasticity. This article studies how surface tension changes the contact mechanics of a small hard sphere indenting a soft elastic substrate. Previous studies have examined the special case where the external load is zero, so contact is driven by adhesion alone. Here we tackled the much more complicated problem where, in addition to adhesion, deformation is driven by an indentation force. We presented an exact solution based on small strain theory. The relation between indentation force (displacement) and contact radius is found to depend on two dimensionless parameters: the elasto-capillary number $\\alpha=\\sigma/(2\\mu R)$ and the normalized work of adhesion $W_{\\textrm{ad}}/(\\mu R)$, where $\\mu$ is the shear modulus of the substrate, $R$ the sphere radius, $\\sigma$ the surface tension of substrate-air interface and $W_{\\textrm{ad}}$ is the interfacial work of adhesion...

Hui, Chung-Yuen; Salez, Thomas; Raphael, Elie; Jagota, Anand

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Role of Surface Tension in Adhesive Contact between a Rigid Sphere and a Soft Elastic Substrate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The surface tension of compliant materials such as gels provides resistance to deformation in addition to and sometimes surpassing that due to elasticity. This article studies how surface tension changes the contact mechanics of a small hard sphere indenting a soft elastic substrate. Previous studies have examined the special case where the external load is zero, so contact is driven by adhesion alone. Here we tackled the much more complicated problem where, in addition to adhesion, deformation is driven by an indentation force. We presented an exact solution based on small strain theory. The relation between indentation force (displacement) and contact radius is found to depend on two dimensionless parameters: the elasto-capillary number $\\alpha=\\sigma/(2\\mu R)$ and the normalized work of adhesion $W_{\\textrm{ad}}/(\\mu R)$, where $\\mu$ is the shear modulus of the substrate, $R$ the sphere radius, $\\sigma$ the surface tension of substrate-air interface and $W_{\\textrm{ad}}$ is the interfacial work of adhesion. Our theory reduces to the Johnson-Kendall-Roberts theory in the limit of small elasto-capillary number and in the limit of large elasto-capillary number compares well with experimental data.

Chung-Yuen Hui; Tianshu Liu; Thomas Salez; Elie Raphael; Anand Jagota

2014-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

389

Surface tension in the cold and dense chiral transition and astrophysical applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The surface tension of cold and dense QCD phase transitions has appeared recently as a key ingredient in different astrophysical scenarios, ranging from core-colapse supernovae explosions to compact star structure. If the surface tension is low enough, observable consequences are possible. Its value is however not known from first-principle methods in QCD, calling for effective approaches. Working within the framework of homogeneous nucleation by Langer, we discuss the steps that are needed to obtain the nucleation parameters from a given effective potential. As a model for deriving the effective potential for the chiral transition, we adopt the linear sigma model with constituent quarks at very low temperatures, which provides an effective description for the thermodynamics of the strong interaction in cold and dense matter, and predict a surface tension of Sigma ~ 5--15 MeV/fm^2, well below previous estimates. Including temperature effects and vacuum logarithmic corrections, we find a clear competition between these features in characterizing the dynamics of the chiral phase conversion.

L. F. Palhares; E. S. Fraga

2011-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

390

Surface Tension of Electrolyte Interfaces: Ionic Specificity within a Field-Theory Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the surface tension of ionic solutions at air/water and oil/water interfaces. By using field-theoretical methods and including a finite proximal surface-region with ionic-specific interactions. The free energy is expanded to first-order in a loop expansion beyond the mean-field result. We calculate the excess surface tension and obtain analytical predictions that reunite the Onsager-Samaras pioneering result (which does not agree with experimental data), with the ionic specificity of the Hofmeister series. We derive analytically the surface-tension dependence on the ionic strength, ionic size and ion-surface interaction, and show consequently that the Onsager-Samaras result is consistent with the one-loop correction beyond the mean-field result. Our theory fits well a wide range of salt concentrations for different monovalent ions using one fit parameter, and reproduces the reverse Hofmeister series for anions at the air/water and oil/water interfaces.

Markovich, Tomer; Podgornik, Rudolf

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Surface Tension of Electrolyte Interfaces: Ionic Specificity within a Field-Theory Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the surface tension of ionic solutions at air/water and oil/water interfaces. By using field-theoretical methods and including a finite proximal surface-region with ionic-specific interactions. The free energy is expanded to first-order in a loop expansion beyond the mean-field result. We calculate the excess surface tension and obtain analytical predictions that reunite the Onsager-Samaras pioneering result (which does not agree with experimental data), with the ionic specificity of the Hofmeister series. We derive analytically the surface-tension dependence on the ionic strength, ionic size and ion-surface interaction, and show consequently that the Onsager-Samaras result is consistent with the one-loop correction beyond the mean-field result. Our theory fits well a wide range of salt concentrations for different monovalent ions using one fit parameter per electrolyte, and reproduces the reverse Hofmeister series for anions at the air/water and oil/water interfaces.

Tomer Markovich; David Andelman; Rudolf Podgornik

2015-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

392

Optical amplifier exhibiting net phase-mismatch selected to at least partially reduce gain-induced phase-matching during operation and method of operation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical amplifier, such as an optical waveguide amplifier (e.g., an optical fiber amplifier or a planar waveguide) or a non-guiding optical amplifier, that exhibits a net phase-mismatch selected to at least partially reduce gain-induced phase-matching during operation thereof is disclosed. In one aspect of the invention, an optical amplifier structure includes at least one optical amplifier having a length and a gain region. The at least one optical amplifier exhibits a net phase-mismatch that varies along at least part of the length thereof selected to at least partially reduce gain-induced phase-matching during operation thereof.

Feve, Jean-Philippe (Cupertino, CA); Kliner, Dahv A. V. (San Ramon, CA); Farrow; Roger L. (Pleasanton, CA)

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

On the Calculation of Surface Tensions of n-Alkanes Using the Modified SAFT-BACK-DFT Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Density functional theory is combined with the modified SAFT-BACK EOS to investigate liquid–vapor interfaces...n-alkanes. We evaluate the temperature dependence of the interfacial width and the surface tension. D...

Ali Maghari; Mohsen Najafi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Method for optimizing output in ultrashort-pulse multipass laser amplifiers with selective use of a spectral filter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for optimizing multipass laser amplifier output utilizes a spectral filter in early passes but not in later passes. The pulses shift position slightly for each pass through the amplifier, and the filter is placed such that early passes intersect the filter while later passes bypass it. The filter position may be adjust offline in order to adjust the number of passes in each category. The filter may be optimized for use in a cryogenic amplifier.

Backus, Sterling J. (Erie, CO); Kapteyn, Henry C. (Boulder, CO)

2007-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

395

A minute-continuous-wave-stabilized picosecond supercontinuum source for ultrafast serial time-encoded amplified microscopy (STEAM)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A stabilized picosecond supercontinuum source, by a minute continuous-wave trigger, is utilized to improve the ultrafast imaging quality of serial time-encoded amplified microscopy...

Zhang, Chi; Qiu, Yi; Xu, Jianbing; Wong, Kenneth K Y; Tsia, Kevin K

396

Measurement of pump-induced transient lensing in a cryogenically-cooled high average power Ti:sapphire amplifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The transient thermal lensing in a liquid-nitrogren cooled kilohertz multipass amplifier is quantitatively measured with spatially-resolved Fourier transform spectral interferometry. A...

Planchon, Thomas A; Amir, Wafa; Childress, Colby; Squier, Jeff A; Durfee, Charles G

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Pitchfork bifurcation and all-optical flip-flop operation with a coupled traveling-wave amplifier system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mirrorless optical bistability arising through pitchfork bifurcation is predicted in a coupled anisotropic traveling-wave laser amplifier system. It is shown theoretically that an...

Otsuka, Kenju; Chern, Jyh-Long; McIver, John K

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

21 11 13 INTERNATIONAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

31 E 32 F 32 #12; iv INTERNATIONAL ERGONOMICS ASSOCIATION #12; 3 INTERNATIONAL ERGONOMICS ASSOCIATION CODE OF CONDUCT ERGONOMICS ASSOCIATION (2006) http://www.iea.cc/browse.php?contID=international_ergonomics_association A6

Yamamoto, Hirosuke

399

International Student and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Admissions Disability Services International Student and Scholar Services International Student of Continuing Education Theresa Ganglghassemlouei and Beth Isensee, International Student and Scholar Services Colleges & Programs Student Outcomes: · Process improvements · Enhance orientation content based

Amin, S. Massoud

400

Micropulse slippage and optical mode distortion in the Boeing APLE amplifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the Boeing Average Power Laser Experiment (APLE), the free electron laser (FEL) oscillator produces short optical pulses for input to the amplifier section. Micropulse slippage can become significant in the amplifier, competing with the effects of high gain and optical mode distortion. A two-dimensional simulation is used to study pulse slippage, and a three-dimensional simulation is used to study mode distortion. A four-dimensional simulation is used to simultaneously study these effects, and to look at the sensitivity of the efficiency to changes in various FEL parameters. We find that high gain and mode distortion effects dominate the pulse slippage effects. The amplifier is fairly insensitice to beam quality degradation and changes in the initial optical field, but a significant improvement in efficiency could be achieved by shortening the electron pulse.

J. Blau; D.J. Frost; W.B. Colson

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Broadband calibrated scattering parameters characterization of a superconducting quantum interference device amplifier  

SciTech Connect

In this work, we characterize the 2-port scattering parameters of a superconducting quantum interference device amplifier at {approx}20 mK over several gigahertz of bandwidth. The measurement reference plane is positioned on a 6.25 {Omega} microstrip line situated directly at the input and output of the device by means of a thru-reflect-line cryogenic calibration procedure. From the scattering parameters, we derive the device available power gain, isolation, and input impedance over the 2-8 GHz range. This measurement methodology provides a path towards designing wide-band matching circuits for low impedance superconducting amplifiers operating at dilution refrigerator temperatures.

Ranzani, Leonardo [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States); University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Spietz, Lafe; Aumentado, Jose [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States)

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

402

Study of a high-order-mode gyrotron traveling-wave amplifier  

SciTech Connect

Physics and performance issues of a TE{sub 01}-mode gyrotron traveling-wave amplifier are studied in theory. For a high order mode, absolute instabilities on neighboring modes at the fundamental and higher cyclotron harmonic frequencies impose severe constraints to the device capability. Methods for their stabilization are outlined, on the basis of which the performance characteristics are examined in a multidimensional parameter space under the marginal stability criterion. The results demonstrate the viability of a high-order-mode traveling-wave amplifier and provide a roadmap for design tradeoffs among power, bandwidth, and efficiency. General trends are observed and illustrated with specific examples.

Chiu, C. C.; Tsai, C. Y.; Kao, S. H. [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30043, Taiwan (China); Chu, K. R. [Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Barnett, L. R.; Luhmann, N. C. Jr. [Department of Applied Science, University of California, Davis, California 95616 (United States)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

403

High fidelity qubit readout with the superconducting low-inductance undulatory galvanometer microwave amplifier  

SciTech Connect

We describe the high fidelity dispersive measurement of a superconducting qubit using a microwave amplifier based on the Superconducting Low-inductance Undulatory Galvanometer (SLUG). The SLUG preamplifier achieves gain of 19?dB and yields a signal-to-noise ratio improvement of 9?dB over a state-of-the-art HEMT amplifier. We demonstrate a separation fidelity of 99% at 700?ns compared to 59% with the HEMT alone. The SLUG displays a large dynamic range, with an input saturation power corresponding to 700 photons in the readout cavity.

Hover, D.; Zhu, S.; Thorbeck, T.; Ribeill, G. J.; McDermott, R., E-mail: rfmcdermott@wisc.edu [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Sank, D.; Kelly, J.; Barends, R.; Martinis, John M. [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

404

Well-posedness of the free-surface incompressible Euler equations with or without surface tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide a new method for treating free boundary problems in perfect fluids, and prove local-in-time well-posedness in Sobolev spaces for the free-surface incompressible 3D Euler equations with or without surface tension for arbitrary initial data, and without any irrotationality assumption on the fluid. This is a free boundary problem for the motion of an incompressible perfect liquid in vacuum, wherein the motion of the fluid interacts with the motion of the free-surface at highest-order.

Daniel Coutand; Steve Shkoller

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

405

Evolution of the Bauschinger effect in tension and compression in Zircaloy-2  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes how the Bauschinger effect in Zircaloy-2 rod specimens with different initial textures was determined after increasing amounts of pre-deformation in uniaxial tension or compression. The long-range back stress, {sigma}/sub b/, was evaluated by measuring the proportional limit after each reversal. The evolution of {sigma}/sub b//{sigma} with stress, as well as its saturation value, are sensitive to both the direction of loading (compressive as opposed to tensile) and to the fraction of basal-pole normals in the longitudinal direction. The results are consistent with the development of grain interaction stresses during deformation when pyramidal slip is initiated.

Christodoulou, N. (Advanced Materials Research Branch, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited - Research Co., Chalk River Nuclear Labs., Chalk River, Ontario (CA))

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

STEP Intern Job Description  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

STEP Intern Job Description, from the Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP).

407

Assessor Training International  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NVLAP Assessor Training International Arrangements #12;Assessor Training 2009: International;Assessor Training 2009: International Arrangements 3 2009 is the 10th anniversary of the signing granted by a signatory to the ILAC Arrangement #12;Assessor Training 2009: International Arrangements 4

408

Conference Proceedings International Conference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conference Proceedings 10th International Conference on Hand-Arm Vibration 7-11 June 2004 Flamingo, the entertainment capital of the world: The 10th International Hand-Arm Vibration Conference will be the second time this international conference has been hosted in the US. The first was the 2nd International Hand-Arm Vibration

Hemmers, Oliver

409

IN TODAY'S PAPER International  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

India's participation in the multi-billion-dollar International Thermonuclear Reactor project which aims

410

Cell-cell fusion induced by measles virus amplifies the type I interferon1 F. Herschke1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Cell-cell fusion induced by measles virus amplifies the type I interferon1 response2 3 F and $ These authors equally contributed to this work18 19 Running title: Amplified interferon by virus-induced fusion derived from human epithelial cells or mature conventional dendritic cells (mDC). Both33 fusion and IFN

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

411

ATLAS-SCT Bipolar Amplifier-Discriminator IC Specification Version 4.01 13-Jan-1999 Project Specification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ATLAS-SCT Bipolar Amplifier-Discriminator IC Specification Version 4.01 13-Jan-1999 Project ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ATLAS-SCT Bipolar Amplifier-Discriminator IC Specification Version 4.01 13-Jan-1999 1. Scope: Establish Circuit to be used as part of the Binary Readout of the ATLAS Semi-Conductor Tracker (SCT). This design

California at Santa Cruz, University of

412

Femtosecond gain and index dynamics in an InAs/InGaAsP quantum dot amplifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Femtosecond gain and index dynamics in an InAs/InGaAsP quantum dot amplifier operating at 1.55 µm and refractive index dynamics of an InAs/InGaAsP self-assembled quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA-carrier absorption and stimulated transition processes. ©2006 Optical Society of America OCIS codes: (320

Mojahedi, Mohammad

413

AMPLIFIED GREENHOUSE EFFECT SHAPING NORTH INTO SOUTH A new study published in Nature Climate Change reports decreasing temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AMPLIFIED GREENHOUSE EFFECT SHAPING NORTH INTO SOUTH A new study published in Nature Climate Change. A greenhouse effect initiated by increased atmospheric concentration of heat-trapping gasses, such as water greenhouse effect. This amplified warming in the North, roughly above the border between Canada and the USA

Myneni, Ranga B.

414

Pump side scattering in ultrapowerful backward Raman amplifiers A. A. Solodov, V. M. Malkin, and N. J. Fisch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pump side scattering in ultrapowerful backward Raman amplifiers A. A. Solodov, V. M. Malkin, and N of a laser pump by plasma noise might be suppressed by an appropriate detuning of the Raman resonance, even scattering of laser pumps by plasma noise in backward Raman amplifiers. Though its growth rate is smaller

415

Coupled axisymmetric finite element model of a hydraulically amplified magnetostrictive actuator for active powertrain mounts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A coupled axisymmetric finite element model is formulated to describe the dynamic performance of a hydraulically amplified magnetostrictive actuator for active powertrain mounts. The formulation is based on the weak form representations of Maxwell's ... Keywords: Active powertrain mount, Actuator, Axisymmetric model, Magnetostriction, Terfenol-D

Suryarghya Chakrabarti; Marcelo J. Dapino

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

High-energy kHz Yb:KYW dual-crystal regenerative amplifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A highly stable Yb:KYW based dual crystal regenerative amplifier is demonstrated, which generates at 1 kHz 6.5-mJ pulses before and up to 4.7-mJ sub-ps pulses after compression with...

Calendron, Anne-Laure; Çankaya, Hüseyin; Kärtner, Franz X

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

LM158/LM258/LM358/LM2904 Low Power Dual Operational Amplifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LM158/LM258/LM358/LM2904 Low Power Dual Operational Amplifiers General Description The LM158 series systems. For example, the LM158 series can be directly operated off of the standard +5V power supply without requiring the additional ±15V power supplies. The LM358 and LM2904 are available in a chip sized

Lanterman, Aaron

418

Can Oceanic Freshwater Flux Amplify Global Warming? LIPING ZHANG AND LIXIN WU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Can Oceanic Freshwater Flux Amplify Global Warming? LIPING ZHANG AND LIXIN WU Physical Oceanography in global warming are studied using simulations of a climate model in which the freshwater flux changes that the warm climate leads to an acceleration of the global water cycle, which causes freshening in the high

419

CA3240, CA3240A Dual, 4.5MHz, BiMOS Operational Amplifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with the industry standard 1458 operational amplifiers in similar packages. Functional Diagram Features · Dual Pb-free material sets; molding compounds/die attach materials and 100% matte tin plate termination1050.6 CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling

Lanterman, Aaron

420

Stroke amplifier for deformable mirrors Robert H. Webb, Marc J. Albanese, Yaopeng Zhou, Thomas Bifano, and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stroke amplifier for deformable mirrors Robert H. Webb, Marc J. Albanese, Yaopeng Zhou, Thomas stroke of a deformable mirror. By arranging for the wavefront to traverse the deformable mirror more than to produce lower- cost mirrors. Unfortunately, most commercial MEMS mirrors have only a limited stroke

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Design of a new VHF RF power amplifier system for LANSCE  

SciTech Connect

A major upgrade is replacing much of the 40 year-old proton drift tube linac RF system with new components at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE). When installed, the new system will reduce the total number of electron power tubes from twenty-four to eight in the RF powerplant. A new 200 MHz high power cavity amplifier has being developed at LANSCE. This 3.2 MW final power amplifier (FPA) uses a Thales TH628 Diacrode{reg_sign}, a state-of-the-art tetrode that eliminates the large anode modulator of the triode-based FPA that has been in use for four decades. Drive power for the FPA is provided by a new tetrode intermediate power amplifier (and a solid-state driver stage). The new system has sufficient duty-factor capability to allow LANSCE to return to 1 MW beam operation. Prototype RF power amplifiers have been designed, fabricated, and assembled, and are being tested. High voltage DC power became available through innovative re-engineering of an installed system. Details of the electrical and mechanical design of the FPA and ancillary systems are discussed.

Lyles, John T M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

V-band Transmission and Reflection Grid Amplifier Packaged in Waveguide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for thermal management by allowing the heat sink to be mounted on one side of the grid array. It also reduces and cooling fan were used to remove heat from the chip. The temperature distribution across the grid aperture1 V-band Transmission and Reflection Grid Amplifier Packaged in Waveguide Chun-Tung Cheung1 , Roger

423

Near-infrared thermal lens spectrometer based on an erbium-doped fiber amplifier and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Near-infrared thermal lens spectrometer based on an erbium-doped fiber amplifier and an acousto, guanosine, and thymidine is described. © 1997 Optical Society of America Key words: Near infrared, thermal measurements of absorption in the near-IR region has been developed. In this instrument the near-IR excitation

Reid, Scott A.

424

Noise suppression and enhanced focusability in plasma Raman amplifier with multi-frequency pump  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Fisch Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 and Department of AstrophysicalNoise suppression and enhanced focusability in plasma Raman amplifier with multi-frequency pump A Science, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 V. M. Malkin Department of Astrophysical

425

A Low Power Low Noise Instrumentation Amplifier For ECG Recording Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The instrumentation amplifier (IA) is one of the crucial blocks in an electrocardiogram recording system. It is the first block in the analog front-end chain that processes the ECG signal from the human body and thus it defines some of the most...

Coulon, Jesse

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

426

Internal Audit Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Internal Audit Services Internal Audit Services Berkeley Lab Internal Audit Services Internal Audit Services Berkeley Lab Contacts Organizational Chart IAS Search Staff Only Lab Search Phone Book A-Z Index Privacy and Security Notice "Internal Auditing is an independent, objective assurance and consulting activity designed to add value and improve an organization's operations. It helps an organization accomplish its objectives by bringing a systematic, disciplined approach to evaluate and improve the effectiveness of risk management, control and governance processes." The Institute of Internal Auditors Standards for the Professional Practice of Internal Auditing About IAS | Audit Committee | Audit Planning | Ethics & Investigations | External Audit Coordination Advisory Services | Other Relevant Audit Links | Contacts | Organizational

427

Internal Audit Preparation Worksheet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Internal Audit Preparation Job Aid 11_0304 Page 1 of 5 2 Internal Audit Preparation Job Aid 11_0304 Page 1 of 5 EOTA - Business Form Document Title: Internal Audit Preparation Job Aid Document Number: F-012 Rev. 11_0304 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: P-007, Internal Audit Process Notify of Changes: Internal Auditors Referenced Document(s): F-011 Internal Audit Report F-012 Internal Audit Preparation Job Aid 11_0304 Page 2 of 5 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change A Initial Release 11_0304 Change title from Worksheet to Job Aid and changed revision from alpha to numeric for consistency. F-012 Internal Audit Preparation Job Aid 11_0304 Page 3 of 5 Internal Audit Preparation Worksheet F-012 Internal Audit Preparation Job Aid 11_0304 Page 4 of 5

428

Mesure d'angle de contact -Digidrop Cet quipement permet de mesurer la tension de surface entre un matriau et un liquide donn.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lumière blanche Echantillon Seringue dispensant la goute La mesure de la tension de surface se fait en mesurant l

Ingrand, François

429

E.U. Tensions Surface Over Radical Nuclear AFP: 9/24/2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) - The European Union reaffirmed its desire Friday to get broad international backing for a revolutionary nuclear-party ITER framework, which also embraces China, Japan, Russia, South Korea and the United States. But French. "The member states have backed an international approach that is as broad as possible... with as many

430

The Integrity of ACSR Full Tension Single-Stage Splice Connector at Higher Operation Temperature  

SciTech Connect

Due to increases in power demand and limited investment in new infrastructure, existing overhead power transmission lines often need to operate at temperatures higher than those used for the original design criteria. This has led to the accelerated aging and degradation of splice connectors. It is manifested by the formation of hot-spots that have been revealed by infrared imaging during inspection. The implications of connector aging is two-fold: (1) significant increases in resistivity of the splice connector (i.e., less efficient transmission of electricity) and (2) significant reductions in the connector clamping strength, which could ultimately result in separation of the power transmission line at the joint. Therefore, the splice connector appears to be the weakest link in electric power transmission lines. This report presents a protocol for integrating analytical and experimental approaches to evaluate the integrity of full tension single-stage splice connector assemblies and the associated effective lifetime at high operating temperature.

Wang, Jy-An John [ORNL; Lara-Curzio, Edgar [ORNL; King Jr, Thomas J [ORNL

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Surface tension of electrolytes: Hydrophilic and hydrophobic ions near an interface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the ion distributions around an interface in fluid mixtures of highly polar and less polar fluids (water and oil) for two and three ion species. We take into account the solvation and image interactions between ions and solvent. We show that hydrophilic and hydrophobic ions tend to undergo a microphase separation at an interface, giving rise to an enlarged electric double layer. We also derive a general expression for the surface tension of electrolyte systems, which contains a negative electrostatic contribution proportional to the square root of the bulk salt density. The amplitude of this square-root term is small for hydrophilic ion pairs, but is much increased for hydrophilic and hydrophobic ion pairs. For three ion species including hydrophilic and hydrophobic ions, we calculate the ion distributions to explain those obtained by x-ray reflectivity measurements.

Akira Onuki

2008-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

432

Collective behavior in a granular jet: Emergence of a liquid with zero surface-tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We perform the analog to the "water bell" experiment using non-cohesive granular material. When a jet of granular material, many particles wide, rebounds from a fixed cylindrical target, it deforms into a sharply-defined sheet or cone with a shape that mimics a liquid with zero surface tension. The particulate nature of granular material becomes apparent when the number of particles in the cross-section of the jet is decreased and the emerging sheets and cones broaden and gradually disintegrate into a broad spray. This experiment has its counterpart in the behavior of the quark-gluon plasma generated by collisions of gold ions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. There a high density of inter-particle collisions gives rise to collective behavior that has also been described as a liquid.

Xiang Cheng; German Varas; Daniel Citron; Heinrich M. Jaeger; Sidney R. Nagel

2007-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

433

Numerical analysis of binary solid-liquid phase change with buoyancy and surface tension driven convection  

SciTech Connect

The effects of thermo/diffusocapillary convection on the solidification of aqueous NH{sub 4}Cl in a rectangular cavity have been simulated numerically using a newly developed continuum model. Diffusocapillary convection is negligible relative to thermocapillary convection, and for a 20 {times} 20 mm cavity in a one-gravity environment, thermocapillary effects are most pronounced during the early stages of solidification, when flow conditions are characterized by three major cells. One cell, driven by solutal buoyancy forces, extends from the mush region to the melt and separates top and bottom melt region cells driven primarily by surface tension and buoyancy forces, respectively. With increasing time, however, the top cell strengthens and eventually envelops the entire melt. In terms of the strength of the flow, the liquidus front morphology, and the amount of solid formed, final conditions differ only slightly from those predicted for pure thermal/solutal convection.

Incropera, F.P.; Engel, A.H.H. (Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN (USA). Heat Transfer Lab.); Bennon, W.D. (Alcoa Technical Center, Alcoa Center, PA (US))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

The Integrity of ACSR Full Tension Splice Connector at Higher Operation Temperature  

SciTech Connect

Due to the increase in power demand and limited investment in new infrastructure, existing overhead power transmission lines often need to operate at temperatures higher than those used for the original design criteria. This has led to the accelerated aging and degradation of splice connectors, which have been manifested by the formation of hot-spots that have been revealed by infrared imaging during inspection. The implications of connector aging is two-fold: (1) significant increase in resistivity of the splice connector (i.e., less efficient transmission of electricity) and (2) significant reduction in the connector clamping strength, which could ultimately result in separation of the power transmission line at the joint. Therefore, the splice connector appears to be the weakest link in the electric power transmission lines. This paper presents a protocol for integrating analytical and experimental approaches to evaluate the integrity of a full tension single-stage splice connector assembly.

Wang, Jy-An John [ORNL; Lara-Curzio, Edgar [ORNL; King Jr, Thomas J [ORNL; Graziano, Joe [Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA); Chan, John [Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

The Integrity of ACSR Full Tension Splice Connector at Higher Operation Temperature  

SciTech Connect

Due to the increase of power demand and lack of new infrastructure, existing overhead power transmission lines often need to operate at temperatures higher than the original design criteria. However, this had led to the accelerated aging and degradation of splice connectors, which has been manifested by the formation of hot-spots that have been revealed by infrared imaging during inspection. The implications of connector aging is two-fold: (1) significant increase in resistivity of the splice connector (i.e., less efficient transmission of electricity) and (2) significant reduction in the connector clamping strength, which ultimately results in separation of the power transmission line at the joint. Therefore, the splice connector has become the weakest link in the electric power transmission infrastructure. This paper presents a protocol of integrating analytical and experimental approaches for evaluating the integrity of a full tension single-stage splice connector assembly.

Wang, Jy-An John [ORNL; Lara-Curzio, Edgar [ORNL; King Jr, Thomas J [ORNL; Graziano, Joe [Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA); Chan, John [Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Temperature dependence of the vapour tension of methyl-substituted phenol derivatives  

SciTech Connect

Notable among the coking products of coal are phenol and its derivatives, derived for the coal tar and water layer above ht tar. Given that phenol an its derivatives are mainly extracted from coal tar fractions by rectification, information on how the vapor tension of the individual components depends on the temperature is of great importance. For phenol and various substituted alkylphenols there are tabular data. In the pre-computer era these data were sufficient for the separation of phenol mixtures. However, the development and introduction of information technology in the coal industry and in the design process demands the mathematical description of the physicochemical processes of coking products. The temperature dependence of the saturated vapor pressure for organic compounds is commonly described by the Antoine equation.

S.G. Gagarin [Institute of Mineral Fuels (Russian Federation)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

437

Global existence for a translating near-circular Hele-Shaw bubble with surface tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with proving global existence and stability of a translating bubble in a Hele-Shaw cell that is small relative to cell width. When the ratio of cell width to bubble dimension is sufficient large, the equations admit the steady translating near-circular bubble shape. We are concerned with global existence with the initial condition close to this steady shape. When the cell side walls effects are negligible, we show that the translating circular bubble is asymptotically stable for nonzero surface tension. With side walls effects, we obtain similar results for bubble shapes symmetric about the channel centerline. As with our prior work, we exploit a boundary integral approach that allows for a finite nonzero viscosity ratio between fluid inside and outside the bubble.

Ye, J

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Cosmic equation of state from combined angular diameter distances: Does the tension with luminosity distances exist?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using a relatively complete observational data concerning four angular diameter distance (ADD) measurements and %synthetic combined SN+GRB observations representing current luminosity distance (LD) data, this paper investigates the %tension between compatibility of these two cosmological distances considering three classes of dark energy equation of state (EoS) reconstruction. In particular, we use strongly gravitationally lensed systems from various large systematic gravitational lens surveys and galaxy clusters, which yield the Hubble constant independent ratio between two angular diameter distances $D_{ls}/D_s$ data. Our results demonstrate that, with more general categories of standard ruler data, ADD and LD data are compatible at $1\\sigma$ level. Secondly, we note that consistency between ADD and LD data %are blind is maintained irrespective of the EoS parameterizations: there is a good match between the universally explored CPL model and other formulations of cosmic equation of state. Especially for the...

Cao, Shuo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Surface Tension and Negative Pressure Interior of a Non-Singular `Black Hole'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The constant density interior Schwarzschild solution for a static, spherically symmetric collapsed star has a divergent pressure when its radius $R\\le\\frac{9}{8}R_s=\\frac{9}{4}GM$. We show that this divergence is integrable, and induces a non-isotropic transverse stress with a finite redshifted surface tension on a spherical surface of radius $R_0=3R\\sqrt{1-\\frac{8}{9}\\frac{R}{R_s}}$. For $r surface is localized at the Schwarzschild radius itself, $R_0=R_s$, and the solution has constant negative pressure $p =-\\bar\\rho$ everywhere in the interior $rsurface tension of the condensate star surface is given by $\\tau_s=\\Delta\\kappa/8\\pi G$, where $\\Delta\\kappa=\\kappa_+-\\kappa_-=2\\kappa_+=1/R_s$ is the difference of equal and opposite surface gravities between the exterior and interior Schwarzschild solutions. The First Law, $dM=dE_v+\\tau_s dA$ is recognized as a purely mechanical classical relation at zero temperature and zero entropy, describing the volume energy and surface energy change respectively. Since there is no event horizon, the Schwarzschild time t of such a non-singular gravitational condensate star is a global time, fully consistent with unitary time evolution in quantum theory. The $p=-\\bar\\rho$ interior acts as a defocusing lens for light passing through the condensate, leading to imaging characteristics distinguishable from a classical black hole. A further observational test of gravitational condensate stars with a physical surface vs. black holes is the discrete surface modes of oscillation which should be detectable by their gravitational wave signatures.

Pawel O. Mazur; Emil Mottola

2015-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

Surface tension of the core-crust interface of neutron stars with global charge neutrality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been shown recently that taking into account strong, weak, electromagnetic, and gravitational interactions, and fulfilling the global charge neutrality of the system, a transition layer will happen between the core and crust of neutron stars, at the nuclear saturation density. We use relativistic mean field theory together with the Thomas-Fermi approximation to study the detailed structure of this transition layer and calculate its surface and Coulomb energy. We find that the surface tension is proportional to a power-law function of the baryon number density in the core bulk region. We also analyze the influence of the electron component and the gravitational field on the structure of the transition layer and the value of the surface tension to compare and contrast with known phenomenological results in nuclear physics. Based on the above results we study the instability against Bohr-Wheeler surface deformations in the case of neutron stars obeying global charge neutrality. Assuming the core-crust transition at nuclear density $\\rho_{core}\\approx 2.7 * 10^{14}$ g cm$^{-3}$, we find that the instability sets the upper limit to the crust density, $\\rho_{crust}^{crit}\\approx 1.2 * 10^{14}$ g cm$^{-3}$. This result implies a nonzero lower limit to the maximum electric field of the core-crust transition surface and makes inaccessible a limit of quasilocal charge neutrality in the limit $\\rho_{crust}=\\rho_{core}$. The general framework presented here can be also applied to study the stability of sharp phase transitions in hybrid stars as well as in strange stars, both bare and with outer crust. The results of this work open the way to a more general analysis of the stability of these transition surfaces, accounting for other effects such as gravitational binding, centrifugal repulsion, magnetic field induced by rotating electric field, and therefore magnetic dipole-dipole interactions.

Jorge A. Rueda; Remo Ruffini; Yuan-Bin Wu; She-Sheng Xue

2014-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Generation of ultralow tensions over a wide EACN range using Pennsylvania State University surfactants  

SciTech Connect

Saturated paraffinic and naphthenic hydrocarbons without aromatics have been vapor-phase oxidized to produce cyclic ethers and lesser amounts of olefins. These cyclic ethers appear to be effective cosurfactants for the preparation of slugs containing petroleum sulfonate surfactants. The cyclic-ether/olefin mixture has been reacted with SO/sub 3/ from oleum or liquid SO/sub 3/ to form sulfonates comprising a mixture of mono-, di-, and polysulfonates. The reaction products consisting of the sulfonates, unreacted oxidized products, and residual hydrocarbons have been extracted with isopropanol (IPA) to give two sulfonate fractions. The first fraction is predominantly monosulfonate with lesser quantities of disulfonates. The second fraction consists primarily of di-, tri-, and polysulfonates. The monosulfonate fraction in a low-concentration slug exhibits ultralow interfacial tension (IFT) against hydrocarbons of low equivalent alkane carbon number (EACN). The behavior of this fraction is similar to that of the commercial sulfonates in that its ability to generate low IFT is confined to a narrow range of EACN. To achieve low IFT's at higher EACN in the range of a Pennsylvania crude oil, it is necessary to raise the equivalent weight of the Pennsylvania State U. monosulfonate fraction by blending with a commercial sulfonate of higher equivalent weight. Recent studies show that by mixing the two IPA fractions of the sulfonation products, a remarkably new surfactant behavior is obtained. In contrast to the behavior of other surfactants that yield ultralow tensions over only a narrow range of values of EACN, this mixture of mono- and polysulfonates generates low IFT's over a wide range of EACN extending from C/sub 4/ to C/sub 12/. The salt tolerance of monosulfonates and polysulfonates, either alone or in mixture, is rather high, and even at about 4 wt% NaCl, the surfactant solutions remain stable and yield low IFT's against crude oil.

Klaus, E.E.; Arf, G.; Chung, Y.M.; Dudenas, P.; Ertekin, T.; Jones, J.H.; Nagarajan, R.; Yarzumbeck, A.J.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

1999 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference 0-7803-5129-0/99 IEEE 1999 MP 4.7 Tunable, Switchable, High-Q VHF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· 1999 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference 0-7803-5129-0/99 © IEEE 1999 MP 4 high-Q passive components, at- tempts to maximize their role with the intention of harnessing the above for the transmit local oscillator and power amplifier, as well. Due to Q limitations, conventional IC technologies

Nguyen, Clark T.-C.

443

International Standards for Telecommunications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article International Standards for Telecommunications M. B. Williams As soon as telegraph...surprising that the International Telecommunications Union, the forum for world-wide...and evolution of all branches of telecommunications. Increasingly, the distinction...

M. B. Williams

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Essays in international trade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is a collection of essays on the effect of trade costs on international trade. Chapter 1 derives and empirically examines how factor proportions determine the structure of commodity trade when international ...

Romalis, John

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

International aeronautical user charges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction: 1.1 BACKGROUND AND MOTIVATION Very few issues relating to the international air transportation industry are today as divisive as those pertaining to user charges imposed at international airports and enroute ...

Odoni, Amedeo R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

International Freshwater Agreements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Population Distribution ..................................................... 16 Population Density per, circa 1995............................................... 20 Dam Density per International River Basin ............................ 25 Africa ................................................................

Wolf, Aaron

447

Mitigating of Modal Instabilities in Linearly-Polarized Fiber Amplifiers by Shifting Pump Wavelength  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigated the effct of pump wavelength on the modal instabilities (MI) in high power linearly-polarized Yb-doped fiber amplifiers. We built a novel semi-analytical model to determine the frequency coupling characteristics and power threshold of MI, which indicates promising MI suppression through pumping at an appropriate wavelength. By pumping at 915nm, the threshold can be enhanced by a factor of 2.36 as compared to that pumped at 976nm. Based on a high power linearly-polarized fiber amplifier platform, we studied the influence of pump wavelength experimentally. The threshold has been increased by a factor of 2 at 915nm, which agrees with the theoretical calculation and verified our theoretical model. Furthermore, we show that MI suppression by detuning the pump wavelength is weakened for fiber with large core-to-cladding ratio.

Rumao Tao; Pengfei Ma; Xiaolin Wang; Pu Zhou; Zejin Liu

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

448

International Commitments Primer | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

International Commitments International Commitments Primer International Commitments Primer Overview of International Commitment Process DOE pursues a variety of science and...

449

International Student Guide Mathematics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Student Guide Mathematics www.swansea.ac.uk/maths www.swansea.ac.uk/science/international #12;Reasons to study at Swansea University Mathematics at Swansea University Established in 1920, 36th and more Over 15,000 students / Over 2,000 International students Strongest in Wales for Mathematics

Harman, Neal.A.

450

Wood Resources International  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Resources International Wood Raw Material Consumption on the Rise Despite Weak Global Economy UNECE Timber Committee Meeting October 7-8, 2003 Geneva, Switzerland Håkan Ekström Wood Resources International #12;Wood Resources International Outline · Roundwood Removals · Roundwood Consumption · Raw

451

LM124/LM224/LM324/LM2902 Low Power Quad Operational Amplifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LM124/LM224/LM324/LM2902 Low Power Quad Operational Amplifiers General Description The LM124 series systems. For example, the LM124 series can be directly operated off of the standard +5V power supply-In-Line Package 00929901 Top View Order Number LM124J, LM124AJ, LM124J/883 (Note 2), LM124AJ/883 (Note 1), LM224J

Lanterman, Aaron

452

Time domain analysis of a gyrotron traveling wave amplifier with misaligned electron beam  

SciTech Connect

This article develops a time-domain theory to study the beam-wave interaction in gyrotron traveling wave amplifier (gyro-TWA) with a misaligned electron beam. The effects of beam misalignment on the TE{sub 01} mode gyro-TWA operating at the fundamental are discussed. Numerical results show that the effect of misalignment is less obvious when the input power is larger, and the influences of misalignment on the stable gain and the stable time are basically opposite.

Wang, Qiushi, E-mail: qiushiwork@gmail.com; Peng, Shuyuan [Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2652, Beijing 100080 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Luo, Jirun [Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2652, Beijing 100080 (China)

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

453

The influence of the curvature dependence of the surface tension on the geometry of electrically charged menisci  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We evaluate how the curvature dependence of surface tension affects the shape of electrically charged interfaces between a perfectly conducting fluid and its vapour. We consider two cases: i) spherical droplets in equilibrium with their vapour; ii) menisci pending in a capillary tube in presence of a conducting plate at given electric potential drop. Tolman-like dependence of surface tension on curvature becomes important when the "nucleation radius" is comparable with the interface curvature radius. In case i) we prove existence of the equilibrium minimal radius and estimate its dependence on the electric field and Tolmanlike curvature effects. In case ii) the menisci are subject to the gravitational force, surface tension and electrostatic fields We determine the unknown surface of the menisci to which the potential is assigned using an iterative numerical method and show that Tolman-like corrections imply: 1) a variation of the height (up to 10% in some cases) of the tip of the menisci; 2) a decrease of the maximum electrical potential applicable to the menisci before their breakdown amounting to 40V over 800V in the considered cases. We conjecture that these effects could be used in new experiments based on electric measurements to determine the dependence of the equilibrium surface tension on curvature

Ramiro dell'Erba; Francesco dell'Isola; Giacomo Rotoli

2010-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

454

A qualitative study of workplace intercultural communication tensions in dyadic face-to-face and computer-mediated interactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present findings from a qualitative study with 28 participants of the dyadic intercultural communication tensions professionals experience in Face-to-Face (FTF) and Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) workplace interactions. We identify four categories ... Keywords: computer-mediated communication, face-to-face, intercultural communication, workplace

Helen Ai He, Elaine M. Huang

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Design Of A 20MHz Transimpedance Amplifier With Embedded Low-pass Filter For A Direct Conversion Wireless Receiver  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, large blocker currents downconvert close to the channel bandwidth after the mixer. Conventionally, single-pole transimpedance amplifier (TIA) filters are used to provide out-of-band (OOB) signal filtering. This requires high resolution analog...

Sekyiamah, Charles Prof

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

456

High-average-power cryogenically-cooled picosecond Yb:YAG amplifier seeded by a fiber CPA system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on a 300-W-level picosecond laser based on a cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG amplifier seeded by a fiber CPA system. High-average-power picosecond second harmonic generation is also presented.

Gopinath, Juliet

457

High-Average-Power Cryogenically-Cooled Picosecond Yb:YAG Amplifier Seeded by a Fiber CPA System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on a 300-W-level picosecond laser based on a cryogenically-cooled Yb:YAG amplifier seeded by a fiber CPA system. High-average-power picosecond second harmonic generation is...

Hong, Kyung-Han; Gopinath, Juliet; Siddiqui, Aleem; Moses, Jeffrey; Lai, Chien-Jen; Hybl, John; Fan, Tso Yee

458

1576 IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 24, NO. 6, DECEMBER 1989 Operational Transconductance Amplifier-Based  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transconductance Amplifier-Based Nonlinear Function Syntheses EDGAR SANCHEZ-SINENCIO, SENIORMEMBER-Vizquez is with the Departarnento de Electrhica y Electromagnetism, Universidad de SeVilla, 41012 Sevilla, Spain. IEEE Log Number

Barranco, Bernabe Linares

459

Effect of primer binding probability on amplified misprimed DNA by means of a computational study on the polymerase chain reaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

parameters are provided and the effects discussed. Finally, the conclusions are presented. It is noted that there was effect of the primer binding probability on the production of amplified DNA of interest in the presence of multiple binding sites...

Gopalakrishnan, Sanjay

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Effect of surfactants on the interfacial tension and emulsion formation between water and carbon dioxide  

SciTech Connect

The lowering of the interfacial tension ({gamma}) between water and carbon dioxide by various classes of surfactants is reported and used to interpret complementary measurements of the capacity, stability, and average drop size of water-in-CO{sub 2} emulsions. {gamma} is lowered from {approximately}20 to {approximately}2 mN/m for the best poly(propylene oxide)-b-poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(propylene oxide) (PPO-b-PEO-b-PPO) and PeO-b-PPO-b-PEO Pluronic triblock copolymers, 1.4 mN/m for a poly(butylene oxide)-b-PEO copolymer, 0.8 mN/m for a perfluoropolyether (PEPE) ammonium carboxylate and 0.2 mN/m for PDMS{sub 24}-g-EO{sub 22}. The hydrophilic-CO{sub 2}-philic balance (HCB) of the triblock Pluronic and PDMS-g-PEO-PPO surfactants is characterized by the CO{sub 2}-to-water distribution coefficient and V-shaped plots of log {gamma} vs wt % EO. A minimum in {gamma} is observed for the optimum HCB. As the CO{sub 2}-philicity of the surfactant tail is increased, the molecular weight of the hydrophilic segment increases for an optimum HCB. The stronger interactions on both sides of the interface lead to a lower {gamma}. Consequently, more water was emulsified for the PDMS-based copolymers than either the PPO- or PBO-based copolymers.

Rocha, S.R.P. da; Harrison, K.L.; Johnston, K.P. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering] [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

1999-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

The critical indices of the Quark-Gluon Bags with Surface Tension Model with tricritical endpoint  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The critical indices \\alpha', \\beta, \\gamma' and \\delta of the Quark Gluon Bags with Surface Tension Model with the tricritical endpoint are calculated as functions of the usual parameters of this model and two newly introduces parameters (indices). They are compared with the critical exponents of other models. It is shown that for the newly introduced indices \\chi = 0 and \\xi^T < 1 there is a branch of solutions for which the critical exponents of the present model and the statistical multifragmentation model coincide, otherwise these models belong to different universality classes. It is shown that for realistic values of the parameter \\varkappa the critical exponents \\alpha', \\beta, \\gamma' and \\delta of simple liquids and 3-dimensional Ising model can be only described by the branch of solutions in which all indices except for \\alpha' correspond to their values within the statistical multifragmentation model. The scaling relations for the found critical exponents are verified and it is demonstrated that for the standard definition of the index \\alpha' the Fisher and Griffiths scaling inequalities are not fulfilled for some values of the model parameters, whereas the Liberman scaling inequality is always obeyed. Although it is shown that the specially defined index \\alpha'_s recovers the scaling relations, another possibility, an existence of the non-Fisher universality classes, is also discussed.

A. I. Ivanytskyi

2011-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

462

A dimension-breaking phenomenon for water waves with weak surface tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is well known that the water-wave problem with weak surface tension has small-amplitude line solitary-wave solutions which to leading order are described by the nonlinear Schr\\"odinger equation. The present paper contains an existence theory for three-dimensional periodically modulated solitary-wave solutions which have a solitary-wave profile in the direction of propagation and are periodic in the transverse direction; they emanate from the line solitary waves in a dimension-breaking bifurcation. In addition, it is shown that the line solitary waves are linearly unstable to long-wavelength transverse perturbations. The key to these results is a formulation of the water wave problem as an evolutionary system in which the transverse horizontal variable plays the role of time, a careful study of the purely imaginary spectrum of the operator obtained by linearising the evolutionary system at a line solitary wave, and an application of an infinite-dimensional version of the classical Lyapunov centre theorem.

Mark D. Groves; Shu-Ming Sun; Erik Wahlén

2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

463

Newtonian and general relativistic contribution of gravity to surface tension of strange stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface tension (S) is due to the inward force experienced by particles at the surface and usually gravitation does not play an important role in this force. But in compact stars the gravitational force on the particles is very large and S is found to depend not only on the interactions in the strange quark matter, but also on the structure of the star, i.e. on its mass and radius. Indeed, it has been claimed recently that 511 keV photons observed by the space probe INTEGRAL from the galactic bulge may be due to electron-positron annihilation, and their source may be the positron cloud outside of an antiquark star. Such stars, if they exist, may also go a long way towards explaining away the antibaryon deficit of the universe. For that to happen S must be high enough to allow for survival of quark/antiquark stars born in early stages of the formation of the universe. High value of S may also assist explanation of delayed gamma-ray burst after a supernova explosion, as conversion from normal matter to strange matter takes place. The possibility of some implications from formation of surface waves are also discussed.

Manjari Bagchi; Monika Sinha; Mira Dey; Jishnu Dey; Siddhartha Bhowmick

2005-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

464

Method and apparatus for monitoring and measuring the surface tension of a fluid using fiber optics  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A non-contact method and apparatus are described for measuring and monitoring the surface of a fluid using fiber optics and interferometric detection to permit measurement of mechanical characteristics of fluid surfaces. The apparatus employs an alternating electric field gradient for generating a capillary wave on the surface of the fluid. A fiber optic coupler and optical fiber directs a portion of a laser beam onto the surface of the fluid, another portion of the laser beam onto the photo sensor, and directs light reflected from the surface of the fluid onto the photo sensor. The output of the photo sensor is processed and coupled to a phase sensitive detector to permit measurement of phase shift between the drive signal creating the capillary wave and the detected signal. This phase shift information is then used to determine mechanical properties of the fluid surface such as surface tension, surface elasticity, and surface inhomogeneity. The resulting test structure is easily made compact, portable, and easy to align and use. 4 figures.

Abraham, B.M.; Ketterson, J.B.; Bohanon, T.M.; Mikrut, J.M.

1994-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

465

THE INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGICAL CONGRESS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... , sections, plans, models in relief, c., to be found in the Exposition Universelle, will realise the expectations expressed in the circular of the International Committee, of an ...

T. STERRY HUNT

1878-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

466

HydroVision International  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The HydroVision International Conference and Exhibition offers attendees countless opportunities to network, share best practices, meet with product and service providers, and more.  Held over five...

467

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This report provides information on current international petroleum production, demand, imports, and stocks. World oil demand and OECD demand data are presented for the years 1970 thru 1995.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Internal Controls Evaluations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

assurance reviews need to be completed prior to the submission of quarterly and annual reports. Page | 6 Table 1: DOE Internal Controls Assessment Process Important Dates Date...

469

Measurements and Studies of Secondary Electron Emission of Diamond Amplified Photocathode  

SciTech Connect

The Diamond Amplified Photocathode (DAP) is a novel approach to generating electrons. By following the primary electron beam, which is generated by traditional electron sources, with an amplifier, the electron beam available to the eventual application is increased by 1 to 2 orders of magnitude in current. Diamond has a very wide band gap of 5.47eV which allows for a good negative electron affinity with simple hydrogenation, diamond can hold more than 2000MV/m field before breakdown. Diamond also provides the best rigidity among all materials. These two characters offer the capability of applying high voltage across very thin diamond film to achieve high SEY and desired emission phase. The diamond amplifier also is capable of handling a large heat load by conduction and sub-nanosecond pulse input. The preparation of the diamond amplifier includes thinning and polishing, cleaning with acid etching, metallization, and hydrogenation. The best mechanical polishing available can provide high purity single crystal diamond films with no less than 100 {micro}m thickness and <15 nm Ra surface roughness. The ideal thickness for 700MHz beam is {approx}30 {micro}m, which requires further thinning with RIE or laser ablation. RIE can achieve atomic layer removal precision and roughness eventually, but the time consumption for this procedure is very significant. Laser ablation proved that with <266nm ps laser beam, the ablation process on the diamond can easily achieve removing a few microns per hour from the surface and <100nm roughness. For amplifier application, laser ablation is an adequate and efficient process to make ultra thin diamond wafers following mechanical polishing. Hydrogenation will terminate the diamond surface with monolayer of hydrogen, and form NEA so that secondary electrons in the conduction band can escape into the vacuum. The method is using hydrogen cracker to strike hydrogen atoms onto the bare diamond surface to form H-C bonds. Two independent experiments were carried out to determine the transport of the electrons within the diamond and their emission at the surface. In transmission mode measurements, the diamond amplifier was coated with metal on both sides, so results simply depend only on the electron transport within the diamond. The SEY for this mode provides one secondary electron per 20eV energy, which gives the gain of more than 200 for 4.7keV (effective energy) primary electrons under 2MV/m. Laser detrapping can help the signal maintain the gain with lops pulse and duty cycle of 1.67 x 10{sup -7}. In emission mode measurements, in which the diamond is prepared as in the actual application, the SEY is {approx}20 for 700eV (effective energy) primary electrons under 1.21MV/m. The electric field applied and the primary electron energy is limited by the experiment setup, but the results show good trend toward large gain under high field. Thermal emittance of the diamond secondary emission is critical for the beam application. A careful design is setup to measure with very fine precision and accuracy of 0.01eV.

Wu,Q.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C6, supplkment au no 8, T o m 39, aorit 1978,page C6-201 QUASIPARTICLE THEORY OF THE SURFACE TENSION OF LIQUID 3 ~ e  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THEORY OF THE SURFACE TENSION OF LIQUID 3 ~ e 3 4- AND DILUTE SOLUTION OF 4 ~ eIN He W.F. Saam Physics of the free surface tensions of pure liquid 3 ~ eand dilute solu- tions of 4 ~ ein 3 ~ eis given. Only normal has led to a ra- ther clear understanding of the surface tension of these systems and considerable

Boyer, Edmond

471

Note: Efficient generation of optical sidebands at GHz with a high-power tapered amplifier  

SciTech Connect

Two methods using a laser-diode tapered amplifier to produce high-power, high-efficiency optical frequency sidebands over a wide tunable frequency range are studied and compared. For a total output of 500 mW at 811 nm, 20% of the power can be placed in each of the first-order sidebands. Functionality and characterization are presented within the sideband frequency region of 0.8–2.3 GHz, and it is shown that both methods can be applied beyond this frequency range. These methods provide a versatile and effective tool for atomic physics experiments.

Zappala, J. C.; Lu, Z.-T. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States) [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Department of Physics and Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States); Bailey, K.; O’Connor, T. P.; Jiang, W., E-mail: wjiang@phy.anl.gov [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

472

Quantum Critical Transition Amplifies Magnetoelastic Coupling in Mn[N(CN)2]2  

We report the discovery of a magnetic quantum critical transition in Mn[N(CN)2]2 that drives the system from a canted antiferromagnetic state to the fully polarized state with amplified magnetoelastic coupling as an intrinsic part of the process. The local lattice distortions, revealed through systematic phonon frequency shifts, suggest a combined MnN6 octahedra distortion+counterrotation mechanism that reduces antiferromagnetic interactions and acts to accommodate the field-induced state. These findings deepen our understanding of magnetoelastic coupling near a magnetic quantum critical point and away from the static limit.

Brinzari, T. V.; Chen, P.; Sun, Q.-C.; Liu, J.; Tung, L.-C.; Wang, Y.; Schlueter, J. A.; Singleton, J.; Manson, J. L.; Whangbo, M.-H.; Litvinchuk, A. P.; Musfeldt, J. L.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Study of the Powerful Nd:YLF Laser Amplifiers for the CTF3 Photoinjectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A high-power neodymium-doped yttrium lithium fluoride (Nd:YLF) mode-locked 1.5-GHz laser currently used to drive the two photoinjectors of the Compact Linear Collider Test Facility project at the European Organization for Nuclear Research is described. A phenomenological characterization of the two powerful Nd:YLF amplifiers is presented and compared with the measurements. The laser system operates in a saturated steady-state mode. This mode provides good shot-to-shot stability with pulse train mean power in the 10 kW range.

Petrarca, M; Luchinin, G; Divall, M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Spectral characteristics of ultra-short laser pulses in plasma amplifiers  

SciTech Connect

Amplification of laser pulses based on the backscattering process in plasmas can be performed using either the response of an electron plasma wave or an ion-acoustic wave. However, if the pulse durations become very short and the natural spread in frequency a substantial amount of the frequency itself, the Raman and Brillouin processes start to mix. Kinetic simulations show the transition from a pure amplification regime, in this case strong-coupling Brillouin, to a regime where a considerable downshift of the frequency of the amplified pulse takes place. It is conjectured that in the case of very short pulses, multi-modes are excited which contribute to the amplification process.

Riconda, C. [LULI, Université Pierre et Marie Curie—Ecole Polytechnique—CNRS—CEA, 75252 Paris (France)] [LULI, Université Pierre et Marie Curie—Ecole Polytechnique—CNRS—CEA, 75252 Paris (France); Weber, S. [IZEST, Ecole Polytechnique—CEA, 91128 Palaiseau (France) [IZEST, Ecole Polytechnique—CEA, 91128 Palaiseau (France); Institute of Physics of the ASCR, ELI-Beamlines, 18221 Prague (Czech Republic); Lancia, L. [SAPIENZA, University of Rome, Dip. SBAI, 00161 Rome (Italy) [SAPIENZA, University of Rome, Dip. SBAI, 00161 Rome (Italy); INFN—Sez. Roma—SAPIENZA, University of Rome, 00185 Rome (Italy); Marquès, J.-R.; Fuchs, J. [LULI, CNRS—Ecole Polytechnique—Université Pierre et Marie Curie—CEA, 91128 Palaiseau (France)] [LULI, CNRS—Ecole Polytechnique—Université Pierre et Marie Curie—CEA, 91128 Palaiseau (France); Mourou, G. A. [IZEST, Ecole Polytechnique—CEA, 91128 Palaiseau (France)] [IZEST, Ecole Polytechnique—CEA, 91128 Palaiseau (France)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

475

The use of electrical resistance in the plant stem to measure plant response to soil moisture tension and evaporative demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . , . . . . . . ~. . . . . . . . . 30 10- Diurnal cotton plant stem electrical resistance readings as recorded simultaneously from three soil moisture levels. ~ 36 Flot 1-P (cotton), Diurnal cotton plant stem electrical resistance readings with soil moisture tension equal to 13... atsespheresl ~ ~ a ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . ~ ~ ~ ~ ta ~ I ~ ~ ~ t ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ae ~ ~ ~ a ~ ~ t ~ ~ ~ ~ 37 13 ' Electrical resistance in the plant stem, and evapotrans- piration in non-irrigated and irrigated cotton plots during one diurnal period. . ~ 39 Plots...

Box, James E.

1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

The Invisible Tension of the Universe from Astrophysical Black Holes: a Solution to the Coincidence Problem of the Accelerated Expansion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Astronomical observations have shown that the expansion of the universe is at present accelerating, consistently with a constant negative pressure or tension. This is a major puzzle because we do not understand why this tension is so small compared to the Planck density; why, being so small, it is not exactly zero; and why it has precisely the required value to make the expansion start accelerating just at the epoch when we are observing the universe. The recently proposed conjecture by Afshordi that black holes create a gravitational aether owing to quantum gravity effects, which may be identified with this invisible tension, can solve this coincidence problem. The fact that the expansion of the universe is starting to accelerate at the epoch when we observe it is a necessity that is implied by our origin in a planet orbiting a star that formed when the age of the universe was of the same order as the lifetime of the star. This argument is unrelated to any anthropic reasoning.

Jordi Miralda-Escudé

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

477

International Programs in Agriculture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Programs in Agriculture MessagefromtheDirector­ Staying Ahead of Globalization and more prosperous place for all. Fortunately, Purdue International Programs in Agriculture (IPIA) has natural disasters caution us to remember the power of nature. The United Nations Food and Agriculture

478

International for Advanced Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Technology at the University of Ulm ICAS-Affiliations The International Center for Advanced Studies in Health in medical technology and pharma- ceutical industry. The International Advisory Panel of ICAS consists, transfer of state-of-the-art clinical technologies, and utilization of methodologies appropriate

Pfeifer, Holger

479

International Conference Water Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Conference Water Efficiency in Urban Areas Concepts, Technologies, Socio Economics for PostersRegistration via Fax: +49 941 29688-17 Yes, I will participate International Conference Water of the invoice. Payment must be received no later than 14 days before the conference begins (it has to be sett

Wehrli, Bernhard

480

STUDENT HANDBOOK INTERNATIONAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STUDENT HANDBOOK INTERNATIONAL 2011-12 #12;2 International Student Handbook 2011-12 Contents Volunteering 30 Sport and physical activity 31 Local transport 32 Exploring Leeds and the UK 36 Families to start a new period in your life. We hope this handbook will help you to make the most of your time

Haase, Markus

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international tensions amplify" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Tension and Systematics in the Gold06 SnIa Dataset  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Gold06 SnIa dataset recently released in astro-ph/0611572 consists of five distinct subsets defined by the group or instrument that discovered and analyzed the corresponding data. These subsets are: the SNLS subset (47 SnIa), the HST subset (30 SnIa), the HZSST subset (41 SnIa), the SCP subset (26 SnIa) and the Low Redshift (LR) subset (38 SnIa). These subsets sum up to the 182 SnIa of the Gold06 dataset. We use Monte-Carlo simulations to study the statistical consistency of each one of the above subsets with the full Gold06 dataset. In particular, we compare the best fit $w(z)$ parameters (w_0,w_1) obtained by subtracting each one of the above subsets from the Gold06 dataset (subset truncation), with the corresponding best fit parameters (w^r_0,w^r_1) obtained by subtracting the same number of randomly selected SnIa from the same redshift range of the Gold06 dataset (random truncation). We find that the probability for (w^r_0,w^r_1)=(w_0,w_1) is large for the Gold06 minus SCP (Gold06-SCP) truncation but is less than 5% for the Gold06-SNLS, Gold06-HZSST and Gold06-HST truncations. This result implies that the Gold06 dataset is not statistically homogeneous. By comparing the values of the best fit (w_0,w_1) for each subset truncation we find that the tension among subsets is such that the SNLS and HST subsets are statistically consistent with each other and `pull' towards LCDM (w_0=-1,w_1=0) while the HZSST subset is statistically distinct and strongly `pulls' towards a varying w(z) crossing the line $w=-1$ from below (w_00). We also isolate six SnIa that are mostly responsible for this behavior of the HZSST subset.

S. Nesseris; L. Perivolaropoulos

2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

482

International Energy Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

he International Energy Module determines changes in the world oil price and the supply prices of crude he International Energy Module determines changes in the world oil price and the supply prices of crude oils and petroleum products for import to the United States in response to changes in U.S. import requirements. A market clearing method is used to determine the price at which worldwide demand for oil is equal to the worldwide supply. The module determines new values for oil production and demand for regions outside the United States, along with a new world oil price that balances supply and demand in the international oil market. A detailed description of the International Energy Module is provided in the EIA publication, Model Documentation Report: The International Energy Module of the National Energy Modeling System, DOE/EIA-M071(06), (Washington, DC, February 2006).

483

Study of nonlinear interaction between bunched beam and intermediate cavities in a relativistic klystron amplifier  

SciTech Connect

In intermediate cavities of a relativistic klystron amplifier (RKA) driven by intense relativistic electron beam, the equivalent circuit model, which is widely adopted to investigate the interaction between bunched beam and the intermediate cavity in a conventional klystron design, is invalid due to the high gap voltage and the nonlinear beam loading in a RKA. According to Maxwell equations and Lorentz equation, the self-consistent equations for beam-wave interaction in the intermediate cavity are introduced to study the nonlinear interaction between bunched beam and the intermediate cavity in a RKA. Based on the equations, the effects of modulation depth and modulation frequency of the beam on the gap voltage amplitude and its phase are obtained. It is shown that the gap voltage is significantly lower than that estimated by the equivalent circuit model when the beam modulation is high. And the bandwidth becomes wider as the beam modulation depth increases. An S-band high gain relativistic klystron amplifier is designed based on the result. And the corresponding experiment is carried out on the linear transformer driver accelerator. The peak output power has achieved 1.2 GW with an efficiency of 28.6% and a gain of 46 dB in the corresponding experiment.

Wu, Y. [Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Institute of Applied Electronics, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China); Science and Technology on High Power Microwave Laboratory, Mianyang 621900 (China); Xu, Z.; Li, Z. H. [Institute of Applied Electronics, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China); Tang, C. X. [Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

484

Predicted Pulsed-Power/Flash-Lamp Performance of the NIF Main Amplifier  

SciTech Connect

The laser glass for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) Main Amplifier system is pumped by a system of 192 pulsed power/flash lamp assemblies. Each of these 192 assemblies consists of a 1.6 MJ (nominal) capacitor bank working with a Pre-Ionization/Lamp Check (PILC) pulser to drive an array of 40 flash lamps. This paper describes the predicted performance of these Power Conditioning System (PCS) modules in concert with flashlamp assemblies in NIF. Each flashlamp assembly consists of 20 parallel sets of lamps in series pairs. The sensitivity of system performance to various design parameters of the PILC pulser and the main capacitor bank is described. Results of circuit models are compared to sub-scale flashlamp tests and to measurements taken in tests of a PCS module driving a flashlamp assembly in the First Article NIF Test Module facility at Sandia National Laboratories. Also included are predictions from a physics-based, semi-empirical amplifier gain code.

Fulkerson, E. Steven; Hammond, Jud; Harjes, Henry C.; Moore, William B.S.; Smith, David L.; Wilson, J. Michael

1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

485

Operating Regime for a Backward Raman Laser Amplifier in Preformed Plasma  

SciTech Connect

A critical issue in the generation of ultra-intense, ultra-short laser pulses by backward Raman scattering in plasma is the stability of the pumping pulse to premature backscatter from thermal fluctuations in the preformed plasma. Malkin et al. [V.M. Malkin, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 84 (6):1208-1211, 2000] demonstrated that density gradients may be used to detune the Raman resonance in such a way that backscatter of the pump from thermal noise can be stabilized while useful Raman amplification persists. Here plasma conditions for which the pump is stable to thermal Raman backscatter in a homogeneous plasma and the density gradients necessary to stabilize the pump for other plasma conditions are quantified. Other ancillary constraints on a Raman amplifier are also considered to determine a specific region in the Te-he plane where Raman amplification is feasible. By determining an operability region, the degree of uncertainty in density or temperature tolerable for an experimental Raman amplifier is thus also identified. The fluid code F3D, which includes the effects of thermal fluctuations, is used to verify these analytic estimates.

Daniel S. Clark; Nathaniel J. Fisch

2003-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

486

Low-noise detector and amplifier design for 100 ns direct detection CO{sub 2} LIDAR receiver  

SciTech Connect

The development and test results of a prototype detector/amplifier design for a background limited, pulsed 100 ns, 10--100 kHz repetition rate LIDAR/DIAL receiver system are presented. Design objectives include near-matched filter detection of received pulse amplitude and round trip time-of-flight, and the elimination of excess correlated detector/amplifier noise for optimal pulse averaging. A novel pole-zero cancellation amplifier, coupled with a state-of-the-art SBRC (Santa Barbara Research Center) infrared detector was implemented to meet design objectives. The pole-zero cancellation amplifier utilizes a tunable, pseudo-matched filter technique to match the width of the laser pulse to the shaping time of the filter for optimal SNR performance. Low frequency correlated noise, (l/f and drift noise) is rejected through a second order high gain feedback loop. The amplifier also employs an active detector bias stage minimizing detector drift. Experimental results will be provided that demonstrate near-background limited, 100 ns pulse detection performance given a 8.5--11.5 {micro}m (300 K B.B.) radiant background, with the total noise floor spectrally white for optimal pulse averaging efficiency.

Cafferty, M.M.; Cooke, B.J.; Laubscher, B.E.; Olivas, N.L.; Fuller, K.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Renewable Energy Resources Inc formerly Internal Hydro International Inc |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Internal Hydro International Inc Internal Hydro International Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Renewable Energy Resources Inc (formerly Internal Hydro International Inc) Place Tampa, Florida Zip 33603 Sector Hydro Product Internal Hydro's technology takes waste, pumped pressures of fluids, gases or the constantly available natural flows of water and extracts power from them via a turbine. References Renewable Energy Resources Inc (formerly Internal Hydro International Inc)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Renewable Energy Resources Inc (formerly Internal Hydro International Inc) is a company located in Tampa, Florida . References ↑ "Renewable Energy Resources Inc (formerly Internal Hydro

488

Surface Tension of Binary Mixtures Including Polar Components Modeled by the Density Gradient Theory Combined with the PC-SAFT Equation of State  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, the Cahn–Hilliard density gradient theory (GT) is used for predicting the surface tension of various binary mixtures at relatively wide temperature ranges and for testing the application of the GT ...

Václav Vinš; Barbora Planková; Jan Hrubý

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

J. Leigh, A. Johnson, K. Park, A. Nayak, R. Singh, V. Chowdhry, "Amplified Collaboration Environments," VizGrid Symposium, Tokyo, November 2002 (www.vizgrid.org).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fanti Electronic Visualization Laboratory, University of Illinois at Chicago www.evl.uic.edu/cavern/continuum cavern@evl.uic.edu Abstract Amplified Collaboration Environments are distributed extensions

Johnson, Andrew

490

Audio Visual Room Equipment Summary Portable equipment (including projectors, laptops, media players, recorders, amplifiers) is available from the Audio Visual department. Please book using the AV request  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Audio Visual Room Equipment Summary Portable equipment (including projectors, laptops, media players, recorders, amplifiers) is available from the Audio Visual department. Please book using the AV

Sheldon, Nathan D.

491

International Energy Statistics  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

> Countries > International Energy Statistics > Countries > International Energy Statistics International Energy Statistics Petroleum Production| Annual Monthly/Quarterly Consumption | Annual Monthly/Quarterly Capacity | Bunker Fuels | Stocks | Annual Monthly/Quarterly Reserves | Imports | Annual Monthly/Quarterly Exports | CO2 Emissions | Heat Content Natural Gas All Flows | Production | Consumption | Reserves | Imports | Exports | Carbon Dioxide Emissions | Heat Content Coal All Flows | Production | Consumption | Reserves | Imports | Exports | Carbon Dioxide Emissions | Heat Content Electricity Generation | Consumption | Capacity | Imports | Net Imports | Exports | Distribution Losses | Heat Content Renewables Electricity Generation| Electricity Consumption | Biofuels Production | Biofuels Consumption | Heat Content Total Energy

492

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

The International Petroleum Statistics Report is a monthly publication that provides current international oil data. This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world, in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries.

NONE

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

NUCLEAR ISLANDS International Leasing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ISLANDS ISLANDS International Leasing of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Sites to Provide Enduring Assurance of Peaceful Use Christopher E. Paine and Thomas B. Cochran Current International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards do not provide adequate protection against the diversion to military use of materials or technology from certain types of sensitive nuclear fuel cycle facilities. In view of highly enriched uranium's relatively greater ease of use as a nuclear explosive material than plutonium and the significant diseconomies of commercial spent fuel reprocessing, this article focuses on the need for improved international controls over uranium enrichment facilities as the proximate justification for creation of an International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Association (INFCA). In principle, the proposal is equally applicable to alleviating the proliferation concerns provoked by nuclear fuel

494

admission guide International  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2015/ 2016 admission guide International First-Year Students #12;2 3 WORLDWIDE RECOGNITION (2008 and Digital Media Critical Studies* Integrated Critical Practice* Production* German Studies Global Economics Networks Computer Science Computer Science: Computer Game Design Electrical Engineering Communications

California at Santa Cruz, University of

495

International Summer School2014  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Summer Camp 11 Session 3 Intensive Training on Chinese Language 15 About Dalian 19 #12;#12;About a century, and having gone through the persistent efforts of several generations, DUT has developed

Haviland, David

496

International Energy Agency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The International Energy Agency (IEA) provides a mechanism for member countries to task- and cost-share research activities through two agreements—one supporting hydrogen activities and another...

497

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994.

NONE

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; stocks from 1973 through 1995, and trade from 1985 through 1995.

NONE

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

CCPPolicyBriefing International  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: +44 (0)1603 593715 A: UEA, Norwich, NR4 7TJ Modelling international wind energy diffusion: www.uea.ac.uk/ccp T: +44 (0)1603 593715 A: UEA, Norwich, NR4 7TJ

Feigon, Brooke

500

Internal Dose Estimates from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix F Internal Dose Estimates from NTS Fallout F-1 #12;Radiation Dose to the Population;TABLE OF CONTENTS Page F- Part I. Estimates of Dose...........................................................................................40 Comparison to dose estimates from global fallout