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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

International Emissions Trading: Design and Political Acceptability.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis discusses the design and political acceptability of international emissions trading. It is shown that there are several designs options for emissions trading at… (more)

Boom, Jan Tjeerd

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Is international emissions trading always beneficial?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic efficiency is a major argument for the inclusion of an international emission permit trading system under the Kyoto Protocol. Using a partial equilibrium framework, energy system models have shown that implementing ...

Babiker, Mustafa H.M.

3

Market power in international carbon emissions trading: a laboratory test  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The prospect that governments of one or a few large countries, or trading blocs, would engage in international greenhouse gas emissions trading has led several policy analysts to express concerns that trade would be ...

Carlén, Björn.

4

The Energy and Economic Impacts of Expanding International Emissions Trading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Energy and Economic Impacts of Expanding International Emissions Trading Tianyu Qi, Niven Trading Tianyu Qi* , Niven Winchester , Valerie J. Karplus and Xiliang Zhang Abstract Emissions trading of the European Union's Emissions Trading System with a new system in Australia in 2015, this paper simulates

5

The Energy and Economic Impacts of Expanding International Emissions Trading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emissions trading systems are recognized as a cost-effective way to facilitate emissions abatement and are expected to play an important role in international cooperation for global climate mitigation. Starting from the ...

Qi, Tianyu

2013-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

6

The hedge value of international emissions trading under uncertainty Mort Webster n  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The hedge value of international emissions trading under uncertainty Mort Webster n , Sergey Keywords: Climate change Emissions trading Uncertainty a b s t r a c t This paper estimates the value of international emissions trading, focusing on a here-to-fore neglected component; its value as a hedge against

7

Is International Emissions Trading Always Beneficial? Mustafa Babiker 1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

33 Is International Emissions Trading Always Beneficial? Mustafa Babiker 1,2 , John Reilly 2 and Laurent Viguier 2,3 Economic efficiency is a major argument for international emissions trading under gains from emission trading under the Kyoto Protocol (Weyant, 1999). This literature emphasizes

8

International Environmental Agreements: Emissions trade, safety valves and escape clauses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 5 Escape clauses versus safety valves 13 6 Review of "standard model" of IEAs 14 6.1 Dynamics The effect of emissions trade on IEA participation 17 7.1 Ex ante heterogenous countries

Karp, Larry S.

9

International Environmental Agreements: Emissions trade, safety valves and escape clauses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

trade policy, and environmental policy in an attempt to help2 Trade policy and environmental policy 3 The ef?ciency ofInstitutute for Environmental Policy Solultions. S TAVINS ,

Karp, Larry; Zhao, Jinhua

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Emissions Trading and Social Justice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

David  M.  Driesen,  Does  Emissions  Trading  Encourage  Jason  Coburn,  Emissions  Trading   and   Environmental  Szambelan,  U.S.  Emissions  Trading  Markets  for  SO 2  

Farber, Daniel A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Essays in international trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis is a collection of essays on the effect of trade costs on international trade. Chapter 1 derives and empirically examines how factor proportions determine the structure of commodity trade when international ...

Romalis, John

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

The Value of Emissions Trading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper estimates the value of international emissions trading, focusing attention on a here-to-fore neglected component: its value as a hedge against uncertainty. Much analysis has been done of the Kyoto Protocol and ...

Webster, Mort David.

13

BP's Perspective on Emissions Purdue Emissions Trading Workshop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BP's Perspective on Emissions Trading Purdue Emissions Trading Workshop April 30, 2010 Mark - Government policies can create a carbon price via three primary mechanisms: - Emissions trading (BP's strong

14

International Electricity Trade - Open Access | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

International Electricity Trade - Open Access International Electricity Trade - Open Access DOE has consistently expressed its policy that international electricity trade should be...

15

Emissions trading under market imperfections.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this thesis we consider emissions trading under various market imperfections such as uncertainty over permit price, imperfect competition and noncompliance. First, we study the… (more)

Lappi, Pauli

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Emissions trading and technological change.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Emissions trading programmes have grown in number and scope over the last forty years, and in the last decade they have become a centrepiece of… (more)

Calel, Raphael

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Emissions Trading: A Feasible Analysis for UBC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emissions Trading: A Feasible Analysis for UBC Vivian Hoffman, J Chisholm I. Introduction The GVRD environmental objectives are achieved. Emissions reduction credit trading (or emissions trading) is an example Valley (LFV). Section III describes the market-based instruments of emissions trading and facility

18

An Analysis of the European Emission Trading Scheme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An international emissions trading system is a featured instrument in the Kyoto Protocol to the Framework Convention on Climate Change, designed to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases among major industrial countries. The ...

Reilly, John M.

19

Emissions Trading, Electricity Industry Restructuring, and Investment in Pollution Abatement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Foss, B . "Carbon Emissions Trading is New Weapon to BattleBehavior and the Emission Trading Market, Resources andof Sulfur Dioxide Emissions Trading." The Journal of

Fowlie, Meredith

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Equitable Carbon Revenue Distribution Under an International Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

No. 5 Equitable Carbon Revenue Distribution Under an International Emissions Trading Regime Nathan INSTITUTE University of Massachusetts Amherst #12;Equitable Carbon Revenue Distribution Under an International Emissions Trading Regime Nathan E. Hultman and Daniel M. Kammen Energy & Resources Group Goldman

Kammen, Daniel M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Emissions Trading and Air Toxics Emissions: RECLAIM and Toxics Regulation in the South Coast Air Basin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fugitive emissions in an emissions trading program, as theexists between an emissions trading program that allows aircreation of other ROC emissions trading programs. JOURNAL OF

Cohen, Nancy J.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Essays on international trade and investment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation consists of three essays on international trade and investment. In the first essay, I study how cross-country differences in labor market institutions shape the pattern of international trade with a focus ...

Tang, Heiwai

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Going Mobile: Emissions Trading Gets a Boost from Mobile Source Emission Reduction Credits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Going Mobile: Emissions Trading Gets a Boost From Mobilehave tested various emissions trading policies to supplementAn Analysis of EPA's Emissions Trading Program, 6 YALE J. ON

Goldschein, Perry S.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Intertemporal Emissions Trading and Market Power: A Dominant Firm with Competitive Fringe Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Intertemporal Emissions Trading and Market Power: A Dominant Firm with Competitive Fringe Model Julien Chevallier1 May 26, 2009 Abstract In international emissions trading schemes such as the Kyoto Protocol and the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme, the suboptimal negotiation of the cap

Boyer, Edmond

25

Purdue Climate Change Research Center Emissions Trading Workshop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Purdue Climate Change Research Center Emissions Trading Workshop Introduction and Overview manner. Workshop rather than conference. #12;What is Emissions Trading? (or "Cap and Trade") · Cap & Enforcement · Measurement, Reporting, and Verification (MRV) mechanisms for reductions #12;Five Emissions

26

Emissions trading and its likely effects on the airline industry.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study concerns the extension of emissions trading to the airline industry and was designed to clarify and substantiate likely effects of the Emissions Trading… (more)

Recht-Hansen, Sonja

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Equity and Emissions Trading in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China has embarked on an ambitious pathway for establishing a national carbon market in the next five to ten years. In this study, we analyze the distributional aspects of a Chinese emissions-trading scheme from ethical, ...

Zhang, D.

28

The temporal efficiency of SO? emissions trading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper provides an empirical evaluation of the temporal efficiency of the U.S. Acid Rain Program, which implemented a nationwide market for trading and banking sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission allowances. We first develop ...

Ellerman, A. Denny

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

International Trade of Biofuels (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In recent years, the production and trade of biofuels has increased to meet global demand for renewable fuels. Ethanol and biodiesel contribute much of this trade because they are the most established biofuels. Their growth has been aided through a variety of policies, especially in the European Union, Brazil, and the United States, but ethanol trade and production have faced more targeted policies and tariffs than biodiesel. This fact sheet contains a summary of the trade of biofuels among nations, including historical data on production, consumption, and trade.

Not Available

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Climate policy and dependence on traded carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in international trade can mask energy security issues andinternational trade in fossil energy (coal, oil, gas) toin trade, emissions from traded fuels, energy security,

Andrew, Robbie M; Davis, Steven J; Peters, Glen P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

7Emissions Trading Workshop Summary Report Discussion Synthesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

7Emissions Trading Workshop Summary Report Discussion Synthesis Background On April 30, 2010, more than 70 people gathered for an all-day workshop on emissions trading at Purdue University's Discovery of different emission trading proposals. The need for such discussion is great. Pollution trading is a high

32

Strategic Behavior, Private Information, and Decentralization in the European Union Emissions Trading System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the European Union emissions trading scheme. Rev EnvironDecentralization in the EU emissions trading scheme andthe European Union Emissions Trading System David A. Malueg

Malueg, David A.; Yates, Andrew J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

EU-California Environmental Agreements: The Role of Trade in Emissions Permits and Escape Clauses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the role of trade in emissions permits and escape clauses. (agreements. Trade in emissions permits has ambiguous and inAlthough trade in emissions permits reduces the aggregate

Karp, Larry; Zhao, Jinhua

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Trading quasi-emission permits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I study the design of environmental policies for a regulator that has incomplete information on firms' emissions and costs of production and abatement (e.g., air pollution in cities with numerous small polluting sources). ...

Montero, Juan-Pablo

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Can Affirmative Motivations Improve Compliance in Emissions Trading Leigh Raymond  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Can Affirmative Motivations Improve Compliance in Emissions Trading Programs?* Leigh Raymond be inferred. #12;Can Affirmative Motivations Improve Compliance in Emissions Trading Programs? Abstract Early emissions trading programs have obtained a very high rate of compliance, in part by using continuous

36

Emissions Trading: What Makes It Work? Julien Chevallier1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Emissions Trading: What Makes It Work? Julien Chevallier1 04 July 2009 Abstract: At the stage permits markets. Keywords: climate change policy; emissions trading; banking borrowing; initial allocation-4Jul2009 #12;2 Review of current climate policies The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

37

Emissions trading scheme for South Africa : opportunities and challenges.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??ENGLISH ABSTRACT: This research report aims to determine whether an emissions trading scheme or carbon tax is the most suitable market-based emissions reduction mechanism for… (more)

Jooste, Dustin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

International Trade of Wood Pellets (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The production of wood pellets has increased dramatically in recent years due in large part to aggressive emissions policy in the European Union; the main markets that currently supply the European market are North America and Russia. However, current market circumstances and trade dynamics could change depending on the development of emerging markets, foreign exchange rates, and the evolution of carbon policies. This fact sheet outlines the existing and potential participants in the wood pellets market, along with historical data on production, trade, and prices.

Not Available

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Emissions Trading with Profit-Neutral Permit Allocations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper examines the impact of an emissions trading scheme (ETS) on equilibrium emissions, output, price, market concentration, and profits in a generalized Cournot model. We develop formulae for the number of emissions permits that have...

Hepburn, Cameron J.; Quah, John K.-H.; Ritz, Robert A.

2012-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

40

International Trade and Sustainability: A survey Louis Dupuy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Keywords: Sustainability, International Trade, Environmental Accounting JEL Classification:F11,F18,Q01,Q56

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

International Trade in Natural Gas: Golden Age of LNG?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Trade in Natural Gas: Golden Age of LNG? Yichen Du and Sergey Paltsev Report No. 271;1 International Trade in Natural Gas: Golden Age of LNG? Yichen Du* and Sergey Paltsev* Abstract The introduction of liquefied natural gas (LNG) as an option for international trade has created a market for natural gas where

Gabrieli, John

42

Not All Carbon Credits are Created Equal: The Constitutional and the Cost of Regional Cap-and-Trade Market Linkage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Intertemporal Emission Trading, Bank- ing, and Borrowing,based mechanisms, including emissions trading, provide an42. INTERNATIONAL EMISSIONS TRADING ASSOCIATION, IETA REPORT

Howland, Juliet

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Impacts of Liberalizing Trade in Environmenta...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Goods Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Greenhouse Gas Emissions Impacts of Liberalizing Trade in Environmental Goods AgencyCompany...

44

Essays on the economics of bioenergy and emissions trading.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The three essays in this dissertation focus on the economics of bioenergy and emissions trading. Chapter Two analyzes the economic impacts of cellulosic feedstock production… (more)

Moon, Jin-Young

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Key words. Emissions markets, Cap-and-trade schemes, Equilibrium models, Environmental MARKET DESIGN FOR EMISSION TRADING SCHEMES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Key words. Emissions markets, Cap-and-trade schemes, Equilibrium models, Environmental Finance. MARKET DESIGN FOR EMISSION TRADING SCHEMES REN´E CARMONA , MAX FEHR , JURI HINZ , AND ARNAUD PORCHET to help policy makers and regulators understand the pros and the cons of the emissions markets. We propose

Carmona, Rene

46

What Do Emissions Markets Deliver and to Whom? Evidence from Southern California’s NOx Trading Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Justice Critique of Emissions Trading. ” Ecology Lawgions: The case of the emission trading programme RECLAIM inTietenberg, Tom H. 2006. Emissions Trading Principles and

Fowlie, Meredith; Holland, Stephen P.; Mansur, Erin T

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Economic and Emissions Implications of Load-Based, Source-based and First-seller Emissions Trading Programs under California AB32  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cates in a load-based emissions trading scheme. Technicaland First-seller Emissions Trading Programs under Californiaand First-seller Emissions Trading Programs under California

Chen, Yihsu; Liu, Andrew L.; Hobbs, Benjamin F.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

1Emissions Trading Workshop Summary Report Purdue Climate Change Research Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1Emissions Trading Workshop Summary Report PCCRC Purdue Climate Change Research Center EMISSIONS TRADING WORKSHOP Purdue University West Lafayette, Indiana Friday April 30, 2010 SUMMARY REPORT #12;#12;Purdue Climate Change Research Center EMISSIONS TRADING WORKSHOP Purdue University West

49

Carbon Offsetting: An Efficient Way to Reduce Emissions or to Avoid Reducing Emissions? An Investigation and Analysis of Offsetting Design and Practice in India and China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DM. 2003. Does Emissions Trading Encourage Innovation?A. 2001. Multi-lateral emission trading: lessons from inter-International Emissions Trading Association. 2010. Response

Haya, Barbara

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Permit Allocation in Emissions Trading using the Boltzmann Distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In emissions trading, the initial permit allocation is an intractable issue because it needs to be essentially fair to the participating countries. There are many ways to distribute a given total amount of emissions permits among countries, but the existing distribution methods such as auctioning and grandfathering have been debated. Here we describe a new model for permit allocation in emissions trading using the Boltzmann distribution. The Boltzmann distribution is introduced to permit allocation by combining it with concepts in emissions trading. A price determination mechanism for emission permits is then developed in relation to the {\\beta} value in the Boltzmann distribution. Finally, it is demonstrated how emissions permits can be practically allocated among participating countries in empirical results. The new allocation model using the Boltzmann distribution describes a most probable, natural, and unbiased distribution of emissions permits among multiple countries. Based on its simplicity and versati...

Park, Ji-Won; Isard, Walter

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Towards an Emissions Trading Scheme for Air Pollutants in India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emissions trading schemes have great potential to lower pollution while minimizing compliance costs for firms in many areas now subject to traditional command-and-control regulation. This paper connects experience with ...

Duflo, Esther

52

Investment decisions and emissions reductions: results from experiments in emissions trading .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Emissions trading is an important regulatory tool in environmental policy making.Unfortunately the effectiveness of these regulations is difficult to measure in the field due to… (more)

GANGADHARAN, LATA

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Forest products and services, international trade Trade in forest products and services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest products and services, international trade Trade in forest products and services The forest products sector is estimated to contribute about one percent of world gross domestic product and to account, pulp and paper exceeds US$200 billion. The value of non-wood forest products and the environmental

54

Essays on International Finance and Trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sapsford, 1994, “What Does Liberalisation Do for Exports andand Economic Development: Liberalisation Attempts and2002b, “Trade Liberalisation and Export Performance in

Zeng, Li

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

What Do Emissions Markets Deliver and to Whom? Evidence from Southern California's NOx Trading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

technology standards. Increasingly, however, emissions trading programs are the preferred policy choice regulation towards more market-based alternatives such as emissions trading.1 In parts of Europe, New Zealand-and-trade"to the fore. Despite this prominence, questions remain about how emissions trading is working in practice

Fowlie, Meredith

56

International Trade in Natural Gas: Golden Age of LNG?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The introduction of liquefied natural gas (LNG) as an option for international trade has created a market for natural gas where global prices may eventually be differentiated by the transportation costs between world ...

Du, Y.

57

Assessment of U.S. Cap-and-Trade Proposals MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Report 146  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coverage: 167 bmt 76 International emissions trading: 287 bmt 77 International emissions trading: 203 bmt 78 International emissions trading: 167 bmt 79 Developed countries only pursue mitigation: 287 bmt 80

58

Impact of European Emissions Trading System (EU-ETS) on carbon emissions and investment decisions in the power sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This masters thesis assesses the impact of a emissions trading on short-term carbon abatement and investment decisions in the power sector. Environmental benefits from carbon abatement due to emissions trading are quantified ...

Feilhauer, Stephan M. (Stephan Marvin)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Over-Allocation or Abatement? A Preliminary Analysis of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme Based on the 2005 Emissions Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper provides an initial analysis of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) based on the installation-level data for verified emissions and allowance allocations in the first trading year. Those data, ...

Ellerman, A. Denny.

60

Trading Emissions PLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTaguspark JumpDetective:Toyo Aluminium KK JumpMy Food Jump to:Trading

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The small firm enters international trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be & ditcd for ~ 6] information of benefit to the, smaller fir?& engaged i;& internationai trade. ~ The Small Business Adm inis Lrat ion ' s Fx~&&rt Marl' . t ', n n' for S. &ai 3 cr &'3 rms- provides a discussion of i oreigr I 3P] market analysis... for the small business firm and is useful in this field. However, this book does not cover the foreign cultux al environment, which may be the decisive factor in marketing, and provides no information con- cerning shipp. ', ng and finance. Many trade...

Steelquist, Laura McDowell

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Using Section 111 of the Clean Air Act for Cap-and-Trade of Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Obstacles and Solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

focused nitro- gen oxide emissions-trading program for largeNSPS program could use emissions trading, including cap-and-regulations that allow emissions trading, to achieve GHG

Enion, Rhead M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Allocating emissions permits in cap-and-trade programs: Theory and evidence Preliminary.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

emissions trading program are used to analyze these relationships empirically. I ...nd robust evidence an important a factor in the widespread adoption of emissions trading programs. More recently, a third design

Fowlie, Meredith

64

THE POTENTIAL FOR CO2 EMISSIONS TRADING IN TRANSPORT: THE CASE OF PERSONAL VEHICLES AND FREIGHT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 THE POTENTIAL FOR CO2 EMISSIONS TRADING IN TRANSPORT: THE CASE OF PERSONAL VEHICLES AND FREIGHT, it is of some interest to explore the inclusion of road transport in emission trading schemes. Starting from

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

65

Climate Change Policy in the European Union: Examining the Emissions Trading System.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The European Union Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) is a cap-and-trade program regulating the carbon emissions of specific industrial facilities and is the EUs primary… (more)

Cale, Tabitha Marie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Direct and Market Effects of Enforcing Emissions Trading Programs: An Experimental Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

March 2005 Direct and Market Effects of Enforcing Emissions Trading Programs: An Experimental Economics University of Massachusetts-Amherst Abstract Since firms in an emissions trading program for emissions trading programs. JEL Codes: C91, L51, Q58. Keywords: compliance, enforcement, experiments, permit

Murphy, James J.

67

Briefing Note 2010 -2 Tax Fraud from Emissions Trading in the European Union  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Briefing Note 2010 - 2 7 May 2010 Tax Fraud from Emissions Trading in the European Union Neil Tansey and Ivan Watson Issue The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) began in 2005 as the largest multi-country and multi-sector greenhouse gas emissions trading system in the world by volume

Pedersen, Tom

68

Carbon Permit Prices in the European Emissions Trading System: A Stochastic Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon Permit Prices in the European Emissions Trading System: A Stochastic Analysis By Wee Chiang, Technology and Policy Program 1 #12;Carbon Permit Prices in the European Emissions Trading System Abstract The Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) is a cornerstone for European efforts to reduce greenhouse gas

69

A bottom-up analysis of including aviation within theEU's Emissions Trading Scheme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A bottom-up analysis of including aviation within theEU's Emissions Trading Scheme Alice Bows-up analysis of including aviation within the EU's Emissions Trading Scheme Alice Bows & Kevin Anderson Tyndall's emissions trading scheme. Results indicate that unless the scheme adopts both an early baseline year

Watson, Andrew

70

Short term effects of moderate carbon prices on land use in the New Zealand emissions trading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Short term effects of moderate carbon prices on land use in the New Zealand emissions trading Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme (NZ ETS) was introduced through the Climate Change Response Act............................................................................ 14 #12;1 1 Introduction The New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme (NZ ETS) was legislated through

Silver, Whendee

71

Equity and Emissions Trading in China Da Zhang, Marco Springmann and Valerie Karplus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Equity and Emissions Trading in China Da Zhang, Marco Springmann and Valerie Karplus Report No. 257 and Emissions Trading in China Da Zhang* , Marco Springmann§ , and Valerie Karplus Abstract China has embarked analyze the distributional aspects of a Chinese emissions-trading scheme from ethical, economic

72

Price relationships in the EU emissions trading system Julien Chevallier1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Price relationships in the EU emissions trading system Julien Chevallier1 Université Paris Dauphine Abstract The Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) constrains industrial polluters to buy/sell CO2 the price relationships in the EU emissions trading system. The United Nations Framework Convention

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

73

The European Union Emissions Trading System: should we throw the flagship out  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

No 48-2013 The European Union Emissions Trading System: should we throw the flagship out European Union Emissions Trading System: should we throw the flagship out with the bathwater? Abstract The European Union Emissions Trading System (EU-ETS), presented as the ``flagship'' of European climate policy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

74

Imperfect Enforcement of Emissions Trading and Industry Welfare: A Laboratory Investigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

March 2008 Imperfect Enforcement of Emissions Trading and Industry Welfare: A Laboratory of Emissions Trading and Industry Welfare: A Laboratory Investigation Abstract: This paper uses laboratory to be low. Thus, although a standard model of compliance with emissions trading programs tends to predict

Murphy, James J.

75

Nanoparticle Emissions from Internal Combustion Engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanoparticle Emissions from Internal Combustion Engines Professor David B. Kittelson Department Meeting Ultra Fine Particles in the Atmosphere 15 March 2000 Engine Exhaust Particle Emissions: Some Perkins Engine Company #12;Emissions of Ultrafine and Nanoparticles from Engines · Current emission

Minnesota, University of

76

WHAT TO EXPECT FROM SECTORAL TRADING: A US-CHINA EXAMPLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and increases electricity generation. Keywords: Climate; sectoral agreements; emissions trading; carbon leakage an Emissions Trading Scheme, international negotiations aim to foster wider agreements, particularly

77

U.S. Agriculture and International Trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International markets are important for many U.S. farm products and greatly affect U.S. agriculture. This publication discusses the causes of import change, the export product mix, major markets, and markets of the future....

McCorkle, Dean; Benson, Geoffrey A.; Marchant, Mary; Rosson, C. Parr

1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

78

8 Prospects for Biological Carbon Sinks in Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

8 Prospects for Biological Carbon Sinks in Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Systems John Reilly1. With emissions trading, emitters who found they could cheaply reduce their emissions might have allowances- ing Australia, Canada, Japan and Russia. This group also pushed strongly for inter- national emissions

79

Transportation and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading. Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors conclude in this report that an upstream system would ensure complete regulatory coverage of transportation sector emissions in an efficient and feasible manner, and as such represents a key component of a national least-cost GHG emissions abatement strategy. The broad coverage provided by an upstream system recommends this approach over vehicle-maker based approaches, which would not cover emissions from heavy-duty vehicles and the aviation, marine and off-road sub-sectors. The on-road fleet approach unfairly and inefficiently burdens vehicle manufacturers with responsibility for emissions that they cannot control. A new vehicles approach would exclude emissions from vehicles on the road prior to program inception. The hybrid approach faces significant technical and political complications, and it is not clear that the approach would actually change behavior among vehicle makers and users, which is its main purpose. They also note that a trading system would fail to encourage many land use and infrastructure measures that affect VMT growth and GHG emissions. They recommend that this market failure be addressed by complementing the trading system with a program specifically targeting land use- and infrastructure-related activities. A key issue that must be addressed in designing a national GHG control strategy is whether or not it is necessary to guarantee GHG reductions from the transport sector. Neither an upstream system nor a downstream approach would do so, since both would direct capital to the least-cost abatement opportunities wherever they were found. They review two reasons why it may be desirable to force transportation sector reductions: first, that the long-term response to climate change will require reductions in all sectors; and second, the many ancillary benefits associated with transportation-related, and especially VMT-related, emissions reduction activities. If policy makers find it desirable to establish transportation-specific policies, they recommend (in addition to the land use policies mentioned above), that they combine an upstream trading system with a carbon efficiency standard similar to the current CAFE standard. Under this approach a fuel price signal would be complemented by incentives for manufacturers to produce more carbon efficient vehicles. To prevent vehicle manufacturers from being forced to pay more than other sectors for reducing GHG emissions, they recommend that the vehicle makers be allowed to pay a cash penalty equal to the market price of allowances in lieu of meeting carbon efficiency requirements.

Steve Winkelman; Tim Hargrave; Christine Vanderlan

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

The EU’s Emissions Trading Scheme: A Prototype Global System?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The European Union's Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the world's first multinational cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gases. As an agreement between sovereign nations with diverse historical, institutional, and ...

Ellerman, A. Denny

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The EU’s Emissions Trading Scheme: A Proto-Type Global System?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The European Union's Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the world's first multinational cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gases. As an agreement between sovereign nations with diverse historical, institutional, and ...

Ellerman, A. Denny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Module No: 410331International Trade LawModule Title: Pre-requisite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and technology transfer contracts; also, a brief study of international trade arbitration and its rulesModule No: 410331International Trade LawModule Title: Pre-requisite: Module Type: specialization Description The international trade law course is a brief study of the topics of electronic commerce

83

International Bioenergy Trade | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAX POLICIES7.pdfFuel2007 | Department7 U.S. DepartmentFederal WatersInternational

84

Impact of European Emissions Trading System (EU-ETS) on carbon emissions and investment decisions in the power sector .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This masters thesis assesses the impact of a emissions trading on short-term carbon abatement and investment decisions in the power sector. Environmental benefits from carbon… (more)

Feilhauer, Stephan M. (Stephan Marvin)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Carbon permit prices in the European emissions trading system : a stochastic analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) is a cornerstone for European efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and in its test phase will operate from 2005-2007. It is a cap-and-trade system where an aggregate cap on emissions ...

See, Wee Chiang

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Assessing carbon tax and emissions trading as policy options for climate change mitigation in Australia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The primary question explored by this thesis is what alternative, carbon tax or emissions trading, would be an optimal policy for climate change mitigation in… (more)

Guglyuvatyy, Evgeny

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Emissions Trading: A Policy Option for Fighting Climate Change in Africa.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis shows how an emissions trading scheme can help African countries contribute to the goal of stabilizing the concentration of greenhouse gases in the… (more)

Akinwande, Gbenga

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

The rise and fall of open market emissions trading in New Jersey.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??On August 2, 1996, the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP) promulgated rules governing its Open Market Emissions Trading (OMET) program. With a goal… (more)

DeMarco, Devin Peter

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Analysis of Post-Kyoto CO2 Emissions Trading Using Marginal Abatement Curves A. Denny Ellerman and Annelne Decaux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of Post-Kyoto CO2 Emissions Trading Using Marginal Abatement Curves A. Denny Ellerman the advantages of emissions trading. In this paper, the authors derive MACs from EPPA, the MIT Joint Program the benefits of emissions trading in achieving the emission reduction targets implied by the Kyoto Protocol

90

International trade and waste and fuel managment issue, 2006  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The focus of the January-February issue is on international trade and waste and fuel managment. Major articles/reports in this issue include: HLW management in France, by Michel Debes, EDF, France; Breakthroughs from future reactors, by Jacques Bouchard, CEA, France; 'MOX for peace' a reality, by Jean-Pierre Bariteau, AREVA Group, France; Swedish spent fuel and radwaste, by Per H. Grahn and Marie Skogsberg, SKB, Sweden; ENC2005 concluding remarks, by Larry Foulke, 'Nuclear Technology Matters'; Fuel crud formation and behavior, by Charles Turk, Entergy; and, Plant profile: major vote of confidence for NP, by Martti Katka, TVO, Finland.

Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

91

E-Print Network 3.0 - analysis trades based Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 13 The hedge value of international emissions trading under uncertainty Mort Webster n Summary: . Global Trade, Assistance, and...

92

ascent propulsion trades: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Stock returns and Charles M. C. Lee; Bhaskaran Swaminathan 129 The Value of Emissions Trading MIT - DSpace Summary: This paper estimates the value of international emissions...

93

ICTSD Project on Trade and Sustainable Land Management International Centre for Trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Sustainable Development Selected Issue Briefs ICTSD Programme on Agricultural Trade and Sustainable Development Trade and Sustainable Land Management in Drylands August 2007 #12;#12;August 2007 ICTSD Programme on Agricultural Trade and Sustainable Development Trade and Sustainable Land Management in Drylands Selected Issue

94

The impact of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme on US aviation Robert Malina a,c  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The impact of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme on US aviation Robert Malina a, Germany Keywords: European air transport policy Carbon emissions trading US airline industry a b s t r a c in the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme from 2012 to 2020. We find that the Scheme would only have a small

95

This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate strategies.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground@bookpoint.co.uk May 2013 322 pages Hardback 978-1-4094-6078-7 £60.00 Corporate Responses to EU Emissions Trading at The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Norway `With greenhouse gas emissions trading schemes emerging worldwide

96

Policy Brief: Still time to reclaim the European Union Emissions Trading System for the European tax payer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy Brief: Still time to reclaim the European Union Emissions Trading System for the European of the European Union Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) are not restrictive enough. Evidence from interviews The EU Commission is currently finalising the design of the third trading phase of the European Emissions

97

On the impact of CO{sub 2} emission-trading on power generation emissions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In Europe one of the main policy instruments to meet the Kyoto reduction targets is CO{sub 2} emission-trading (CET), which was implemented as of January 2005. In this system, companies active in specific sectors must be in the possession of CO{sub 2} emission rights to an amount equal to their CO{sub 2} emission. In Europe, electricity generation accounts for one-third of CO{sub 2} emissions. Since the power generation sector has been liberalized, reregulated and privatized in the last decade, around Europe autonomous companies determine the sectors' CO{sub 2} emission. Short-term they adjust their operation, long-term they decide on (dis) investment in power generation facilities and technology selection. An agent-based model is presented to elucidate the effect of CET on the decisions of power companies in an oligopolistic market. Simulations over an extensive scenario-space show that there CET does have an impact. A long-term portfolio shift towards less-CO{sub 2} intensive power generation is observed. However, the effect of CET is relatively small and materializes late. The absolute emissions from power generation rise under most scenarios. This corresponds to the dominant character of current capacity expansion planned in the Netherlands (50%) and in Germany (68%), where companies have announced many new coal based power plants. Coal is the most CO{sub 2} intensive option available and it seems surprising that even after the introduction of CET these capacity expansion plans indicate a preference for coal. Apparently in power generation the economic effect of CO{sub 2} emission-trading is not sufficient to outweigh the economic incentives to choose for coal.

Chappin, E.J.L.; Dijkema, G.P.J. [Delft University of Technology, Delft (Netherlands)

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

98

International trade and waste and fuel managment issue, 2008  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The focus of the January-February issue is on international trade and waste and fuel managment. Major articles/reports in this issue include: A global solution for clients, by Yves Linz, AREVA NP; A safer, secure and economical plant, by Andy White, GE Hitachi Nuclear; Robust global prospects, by Ken Petrunik, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited; Development of NPPs in China, by Chen Changbing and Li Huiqiang, Huazhong University of Science and Technology; Yucca Mountain update; and, A class of its own, by Tyler Lamberts, Entergy Nuclear. The Industry Innovation articles in this issue are: Fuel assembly inspection program, by Jim Lemons, Tennessee Valley Authority; and, Improved in-core fuel shuffle for reduced refueling duration, by James Tusar, Exelon Nuclear.

Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

99

Economic impact of the European Union Emission Trading Scheme : evidence from the refining sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I study the economic impact of the European Union Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) on the refining industry in Europe. I contrast previous ex-ante studies with the lessons from a series of interviews I conducted with ...

Lacombe, Romain H

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Optimal design of a phase-in emissions trading program with voluntary compliance options  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we explore the welfare implications of voluntary compliance within an emissions trading program and derive optimal permits allocations to affected and opti-in sources when the environmental regulator has ...

Montero, Juan Pablo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Volunteering for market-based environmental regulation : the substitution provision of the SO? emissions trading program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we explore the practical and welfare implications of a system of voluntary compliance within a market-based environmental regulation. The Substitution Provision of the SO2 emissions trading program allows the ...

Montero, Juan Pablo

102

1996 update on compliance and emissions trading under the U.S. acid rain program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

November 1997This paper reports on the second year of compliance with the sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions-reduction and -trading provisions of the Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA). The material is intended ...

Ellerman, A. Denny

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Analysis of post-Kyoto CO? emissions trading using marginal abatement curves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Marginal abatement curves (MACs) are often used heuristically to demonstrate the advantages of emissions trading. In this paper, the authors derive MACs from EPPA, the MIT Joint Program's computable general equilibrium ...

Ellerman, A. Denny.; Decaux, Annelène.

104

Allocation and competitiveness in the EU emissions trading scheme: policy overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The European emissions trading scheme (EU ETS) has an efficient and effective market design that risks being undermined by three interrelated problems: the approach to allocation; the absence of a credible commitment to post-2012 continuation...

Grubb, Michael; Neuhoff, Karsten

105

The impact of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme on US aviation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We estimate the economic impacts on US airlines that may arise from the inclusion of aviation in the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme from 2012 to 2020. We find that the Scheme would only have a small impact on US ...

Malina, Robert

106

The Effects on Developing Countries of the Kyoto Protocol and CO2 Emissions Trading A. Denny Ellerman, Henry D. Jacoby and Annelne Decaux*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Effects on Developing Countries of the Kyoto Protocol and CO2 Emissions Trading A. Denny by the scope of CO2 emissions trading, by various limitations that Annex I countries might place on emissions.1 Trade in Goods with No Emissions Trading

107

Economic Implications of International Participation Alternatives for Agricultural Greenhouse Gas Emission Mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of International Participation Alternatives for Agricultural Greenhouse Gas Emission Mitigation Abstract The world of biofuels. However, such options can be competitive with domestic food production. In a free trade arena of effects that would be observed due to the simplifying cost assumptions, indicate compliance causes supply

McCarl, Bruce A.

108

Emissions trading to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the United States : the McCain-Lieberman Proposal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Climate Stewardship Act of 2003 (S. 139) is the most detailed effort to date to design an economy-wide cap-and-trade system for US greenhouse gas emissions reductions. The Act caps sectors at their 2000 emissions in ...

Paltsev, Sergey.

109

International trade and waste and fuel management issue, 2009  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The focus of the January-February issue is on international trade and waste and fuel managment. Major articles/reports in this issue include: Innovative financing and workforce planning, by Donna Jacobs, Entergy Nuclear; Nuclear power - a long-term need, by John C. Devine, Gerald Goldsmith and Michael DeLallo, WorleyParsons; Importance of loan guarantee program, by Donald Hintz; EPC contracts for new plants, by Dave Barry, Shaw Power Group; GNEP and fuel recycling, by Alan Hanson, AREVA NC Inc.; Safe and reliable reactor, by Kiyoshi Yamauchi, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.; Safe, small and simple reactors, by Yoshi Sakashita, Toshiba Corporation; Nuclear power in Thailand, by Tatchai Sumitra, Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology; and, Nuclear power in Vietnam, by Tran Huu Phat, Vietnam Atomic Energy Commission. The Industry Innovation article this issue is Rectifying axial-offset-anomaly problems, by Don Adams, Tennessee Valley Authority. The Plant Profile article is Star of Stars Excellence, by Tyler Lamberts, Entergy Nuclear Operations, Inc.

Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

110

Insights in Economical Complexity in Spain: the hidden boost of migrants in international tradings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider extensive data on Spanish international trades and population composition and, through statistical-mechanics and graph-theory driven analysis, we unveil that the social network made of native and foreign-born individuals plays a role in the evolution and in the diversification of trades. Indeed, migrants naturally provide key information on policies and needs in their native countries, hence allowing firm's holders to leverage transactional costs of exports and duties. As a consequence, international trading is affordable for a larger basin of firms and thus results in an increased number of transactions, which, in turn, implies a larger diversification of international traded products. These results corroborate the novel scenario depicted by "Economical Complexity", where the pattern of production and trade of more developed countries is highly diversified. We also address a central question in Economics, concerning the existence of a critical threshold for migrants (within a given territorial di...

Agliari, Elena; Galluzzi, Andrea; Requena-Silvente, Francisco; Tantari, Daniele

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

P 4.1 CITEL Climate change and international trade from an economic and legal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

45 P 4.1 CITEL Climate change and international trade from an economic and legal perspective PI What does the law of the World Trade Organization (WTO law) say about border tax adjustment measures (BTA measures) for regulations, technical standards and taxes on climate-related process and production

Richner, Heinz

112

Publication in S. Sorrell and J. Skea (eds.) Pollution for Sale Emissions trading and joint implementation. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 1999, pp. 272-295  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Publication in S. Sorrell and J. Skea (eds.) Pollution for Sale ­Emissions trading and joint constraints: possible schemes for SO2 emissions trading in the EU Olivier Godard1 2 -Emissions trading and joint implementation. (1999) 272-295" #12;O. Godard - SO2 trading in the EU 2 long

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

113

International dispute settlement system design : analysis of the World Trade Organization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dispute settlement process established by the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1994, (the "DSU"), has drawn widespread attention. While the DSU is the most used international dispute settlement process, it is geared ...

Martinez, Janet Kathryn Griffin, 1951-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Lobbying during the revision of the European Emissions Trading System: : Easier for Swedish industrial insiders than for Norwegian outsiders?.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis examines and compares Swedish and Norwegian energy intensive industry firms’ lobbying during the revision of the European Emissions Trading Scheme. In the applied… (more)

Miard, Kadri

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Putting a Price on Carbon Econometric Essays on the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme and its Impacts.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Aatola, P. 2013. Putting a Price on Carbon Econometric Essays on the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme and its Impacts. ABSTRACT This dissertation examines the… (more)

Aatola, Piia

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Obstacles to Global CO2 Trading: A Familiar Problem A. Denny Ellerman1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

obstacles to the development of an international CO2 emissions trading system, but the biggest is a feature emissions trading. The paper reviews the various instruments by which such the Kyoto target might be met. The development of an international system for CO2 emissions trading should not be expected to be either quick

117

International Experience with Key Program Elements of Industrial Energy Efficiency or Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Target-Setting Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Affairs (DEFRA), 2005. UK Emissions Trading Scheme. http://targets through the UK Emissions Trading Scheme. 6 Table 1is to be adjusted for emissions trading. The reports must be

Price, Lynn; Galitsky, Christina; Kramer, Klaas Jan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Environmental policymaking for air transportation : toward an emissions trading system.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Aviation is at a turning point. Considerable improvements in aircraft emissions efficiencies are expected through technological improvements, air traffic management, and managerial strategies. But global… (more)

De Serres, Martine.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Allocation of emission rights Economic incentives for emission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for all countries High cost effectiviness:High cost effectiviness: International Emission trading Fairness NAM Department of Physical Resource Theory #12;Financial flows from emissions trading 450 ppmGDP SAS CPA WEU NAM Department of Physical Resource Theory #12;Financial flows from emissions trading 450

120

Climate policy and the airline industry : emissions trading and renewable jet fuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, I assess the impact of the current EU Emissions Trading Scheme and a hypothetical renewable jet fuel mandate on US airlines. I find that both the EU Scheme up until 2020 and a renewable jet fuel mandate of ...

McConnachie, D. (Dominic Alistair)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The impact of the European Union Emission Trading Scheme on electricity generation sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This paper will be presented at the 2009 International Energy Workshop meeting (Venice, June 17th - 19th). 1 break, Non Parametric Approach, Energy prices. JEL classi...cation: C14 C32 C51 Q49 Q58 Centre d the energy1 and industrial sectors major emitters. The market is based on a mechanism of "cap and trade

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

122

International Trade in Used Vehicles: The Environmental Consequences of NAFTA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mexico, model the relationship between emissions and ambient pollution and pollution abatement costs on U.S.   imports from  Mexico, 

Davis, Lucas

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Submission to the Prime Minister's Task Group on Emissions Trading in response to the Task Group's Issues Paper of February 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Submission to the Prime Minister's Task Group on Emissions Trading in response to the Task Group that emissions trading has anything useful to offer Australia as one way of achieving its contribution and design of a workable global emissions trading system in which Australia would be able to participate". B

Pezzey, Jack

124

NEW EDITION! The most comprehensive review of international trade in wood fiber, for the pulp, MDF and biomass industries.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's Timber Supply Outlook 2008-2012 (www.risi.com/chinatimber) Global Tree Farm and Managed Forest Industry and biomass industries. The International Pulpwood Trade Review has long been the standard for those in the business of international trade of woodchips, pulplogs and biomass fiber. This annual report examines

125

Carbon Trading Protocols for Geologic Sequestration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EU ETS: European Union Emissions Trading System GHG: Greenstarts operating an emissions trading scheme (ETS) similarGovernments operating emissions trading systems face the

Hoversten, Shanna

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

International Environmental Agreements: Emissions trade, safety valves and escape clauses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

model” of IEA formation (Barrett 2003). This review isIEA. In order to explain this difference, we take a detour, in Section 6, to review

Karp, Larry; Zhao, Jinhua

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

TASK 40: Sustainable International Bio Energy Trade: securing supply Overview of the task  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 TASK 40: Sustainable International Bio Energy Trade: securing supply and demand Overview-term security. Participating countries (status end 2005): · Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Finland, Netherlands, Utrecht University, the Netherlands Martijn Wagener (until October 2005), Alf van Weereld, Peter

128

Energy Policy 36 (2008) 19071914 The effect of trade between China and the UK on national and global  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Policy 36 (2008) 1907­1914 The effect of trade between China and the UK on national­China trade. Energy Policy 34, 4063­4068], the most recently available data on trade and CO2 emissions have) also examined the total impacts of international trade on energy use and CO2 emissions of the Brazilian

129

Verifying Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Methods to Support International...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Methods to Support International Climate Agreements AgencyCompany Organization: Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate Sector: Energy, Land...

130

International Assistance for Low-Emission Development Planning...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Planning: CLEAN Inventory of Activities and Tools-Preliminary Trends Jump to: navigation, search International Assistance for Low-Emission Development Planning: CLEAN Inventory of...

131

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessment trade study Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 9 The hedge value of international emissions trading under uncertainty Mort Webster n Summary: . These studies often show large cost...

132

Abstract--With increasing international trade of secondary materials it is imperative to start including it in our analysis of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract-- With increasing international trade of secondary materials it is imperative to start, exhibiting an increase in waste recovery and recycling rates. However, the key underlying factor driving trade, taking recycling overseas, where there exists not only a greater demand for secondary materials

Gutowski, Timothy

133

Emissions trading laws and regulations in China's pilot programs: an examination on the regulatory design and its implications for policy making .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis examines the regulatory design of local pilot programs for emissions trading laws and regulations in China. The central investigation is to examine the… (more)

ZHANG, HAO

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Regulation, Allocation, and Leakage in Cap-and-Trade Markets for CO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

competitiveness in the eu emissions trading scheme: Policyand-trade systems for emissions trading is the allocation orciency of the resulting emissions trading market. Certainly

Bushnell, Jim B; Chen, Yihsu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Les dterminants du prix du carbone sur le march europen des quotas Carbon price drivers in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme Emilie Alberola1 et Julien Chevallier2 Résumé: L'article examine le prix des quotas durant la première période (2005-2007) de l'European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

136

THE HOLY SEE, SOCIAL JUSTICE, AND INTERNATIONAL TRADE LAW: ASSESSING THE SOCIAL MISSION OF THE CHURCH IN THE GATT-WTO SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in one way or the other. ix List of Tables Figure 1: Map of Rome (Italy) & Holy See logo .............................................................. 10 Figure 2: Images of Catholic Social Justice.... 3 Chapter 6, Critique of the Holy See in International Trade, highlights key international trade law issues to which the Holy See has exerted enormous energy through its social doctrine and other matters that border on international trade...

Ihuoma, Alphonsus Anaele Iyke

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

137

Taxes and Trading versus Intensity Standards: Second-Best Environmental Policies with Incomplete Regulation (Leakage) or Market Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2007) compares taxes and emissions trading in concentratedtaxes (equivalently emissions trading) may not be the best

Holland, Stephen P.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Distributing Pollution Rights in Cap-and-Trade Programs: Are Outcomes Independent of Allocation?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

policy- the RECLAIM emission trading policy." Environ.Incentives Market: a new emissions trading program for Lospolitical feasibility of emissions trading programs. See,

Fowlie, Meredith; Perloff, Jeffrey M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Market power in emissions trading: strategically manipu-the European Union’s emissions trading system? Ambio, 41 (pricing under carbon emissions trading: A dominant firm with

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual international conference Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: CONTACT: BreAnda Northcutt Summary: , the International Emissions Trading Association and Point Carbon to preview the upcoming annual carbon conference......

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Why are allowance prices so low? : an analysis of the SO2 emissions trading program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents an analysis of the reduction in SO2 emissions by electric utilities between 1985 and 1993. We find that emissions have been reduced for reasons largely unrelated to the emission reduction mandate ...

Ellerman, A. Denny

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Thinking Ahead on International Trade (TAIT) Conference Draft, 10th September 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

not in the WTO? The erosion of WTO centricity in trade liberalisation1 Richard Baldwin and Theresa Carpenter Background paper prepared for Round Table 1: Why not in the WTO? Liberalisation, rules, and forum choice;Conference draft Why not in the WTO? Erosion of WTO centricity in trade liberalisation Richard Baldwin

Sussex, University of

143

International regulation of official trade finance : competition and collusion in export credits and foreign aid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advanced industrial countries provide over $120 billion annually on various terms and conditions to support exports and investments abroad. The regime governing these official trade finance (OTF) flows has puzzling features. ...

Evans, Peter C

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Insufficient Demand for Certified Timber in the Netherlands, Timber Trade Association JUL 30 2010 | INTERNATIONAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Insufficient Demand for Certified Timber in the Netherlands, Timber Trade Association Warns JUL 30 for certified timber and to make the use of PEFC and FSC standard practice in the Netherlands. Both PEFC and FSC% in 2005 to 34% in 2008. "The volume of certified timber available in the Netherlands demonstrates

145

The effects on developing countries of the Kyoto Protocol and CO? emissions trading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper examines the effect of the Kyoto Protocol on developing economies using marginal abatement curves generated by MIT's Emissions Prediction and Policy Assessment model (EPPA). In particular, the paper addresses ...

Ellerman, A. Denny.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Decaux, Annelène.

146

Contraction & Convergence: UK carbon emissions and the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the EU's emissions trading scheme will do little to mitigate carbon emissions 4) Aviation growth must emissions. Keywords Contraction & Convergence; aviation; emissions trading; passengers; carbon dioxide #12

Watson, Andrew

147

Equity in international agreements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Approaches to establishing equitable greenhouse gas emission policies among different nations are briefly discussed. The impact of energy efficiency is proposed as an aid to equitable resource distribution. A comprehensive approach which would account for changes in net greenhouse gases is discussed. In addition, international trading of net greenhouse gas emissions reduction credits is proposed.

Stewart, R. [Georgetown Univ. Law Center, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

148

Climate policy and dependence on traded carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of human development and carbon emissions embodied in trade03.html) Lo A Y 2012 Carbon emissions trading in Chinagoal is to regulate carbon emissions, then, because only a

Andrew, Robbie M; Davis, Steven J; Peters, Glen P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

"Carbon emission offsets for aviation-generated emissions due to international travel to and from New Zealand" revised personal version of paper to appear in Energy Policy (in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Carbon emission offsets for aviation-generated emissions due to international travel to and from.1016/j.enpol.2008.10.046 1 CARBON EMISSION OFFSETS FOR AVIATION-GENERATED EMISSIONS DUE TO INTERNATIONAL-called carbon offsetting schemes have emerged that allow individual travellers and companies to compensate

Otago, University of

150

Cap-and-Trade A. Denny Ellerman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MIT CEEEPR Cap-and-Trade A. Denny Ellerman Massachusetts Institute of Technology Emissions Trading for Energy and Environmental Policy Research #12;MIT CEEEPR Two Types of Air Emissions Trading · Credit- · OTC/SIP-Call NOx Budget Programs: 1999- · EU's CO2 Emissions Trading Scheme: 2005- ­ The first CO2

151

Will Economic Restructuring in China Reduce Trade-Embodied CO2 Emissions?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate CO2 emissions embodied in China’s net exports using a multi-regional input-output database. We find that the majority of China’s export-embodied CO2 is associated with production of machinery and equipment ...

Qi, Tianyu

152

International Trade in Used Durable Goods: The Environmental Consequences of NAFTA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mexico, model  the  relationship  between  emissions  and  ambient  pollution and  pollution  abatement  costs  on  U.S.   imports  from  Mexico, 

Davis, Lucas W.; Kahn, Matthew E

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

CLEAN-Linking International Instruments to Support Low Emission...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Manger International Energy and Climate Issues, Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands Ron Benioff, International Program Manager, National Renewable Energy Laboratory...

154

Sustainable Transportation: Findings from an International Scanning Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of greenhouse gases (emissions trading). Or a higher-than-Protocol does permit emissions trading, but specifies thattransportation sector. Emissions trading may well reduce the

Deakin, Elizabeth

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Apparatus for photocatalytic destruction of internal combustion engine emissions during cold start  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for the destruction of emissions from an internal combustion engine wherein a substrate coated with TiO.sub.2 is exposed to a light source in the exhaust system of an internal combustion engine thereby catalyzing oxidation/reduction reactions between gaseous hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides and oxygen in the exhaust of the internal combustion engine.

Janata, Jiri (Richland, WA); McVay, Gary L. (Richland, WA); Peden, Charles H. (West Richland, WA); Exarhos, Gregory J. (Richland, WA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

How Do Patents Shape Global Value Chains? International and Domestic Patenting and Value-Added Trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an important role in the global economy through its impact on technology diffusion, knowledge transfer they critically shape technology transfer. Coe and Helpman (1995) demonstrate the important effects of foreign R1 How Do Patents Shape Global Value Chains? International and Domestic Patenting and Value

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

157

International Symposium on Gaseous and Odour Emissions from Animal Production Facilities, Horsens, Jutland, Denmark 1-4 June, 2003 Ammonia Emissions from Broiler Houses in Pennsylvania  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Symposium on Gaseous and Odour Emissions from Animal Production Facilities, Horsens, Jutland, Denmark 1-4 June, 2003 1 Ammonia Emissions from Broiler Houses in Pennsylvania During Cold of reducing ammonia (NH3) emissions are under study. Ammonia emissions during cold weather conditions from

Kentucky, University of

158

A Comparative Evaluation of Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Strategies for the Maritime Shipping and Aviation Sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2001) The impact of CO 2 emissions trading on the EuropeanJ. D. et al. (2007) Emissions Trading for internationalinvestigating an open emission trading system for aviation

Hansen, Mark; Smirti, Megan; Zou, Bo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Aviation and Marine Transportation: Mitigation Potential and Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extending the EU Emissions Trading Scheme to Aviation.Air Transport Emissions Trading Scheme Workshop, UKaviation in its GHG emission trading system (i.e. , by

McCollum, David L; Gould, Gregory; Greene, David L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Apparatus for photocatalytic destruction of internal combustion engine emissions during cold start  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are disclosed for the destruction of emissions from an internal combustion engine wherein a substrate coated with TiO{sub 2} is exposed to a light source in the exhaust system of an internal combustion engine thereby catalyzing oxidation/reduction reactions between gaseous hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides and oxygen in the exhaust of the internal combustion engine. 4 figs.

Janata, J.; McVay, G.L.; Peden, C.H.; Exarhos, G.J.

1998-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

2008 International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

greenhouse gas emissions. Purchasing a carbon offset on the European emissions trading market would cost

162

The Trade and Climate Change Joint Agenda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract Climate change, international trade, investment and technology transfer are all issues that have on investment or services trade that prevent this transfer of expertise and technology must be removed." EU ............................................................................................. 6 3. Sectoral Issues: International Aviation and Maritime Shipping

163

Closing the Gap: Using the Clean Air Act to Control Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Energy Facilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

out that EPA used an emissions trading program to controlsuggested that an emissions trading system could qualify asTO MANAGE LIFECYCLE GHG emissions trading system would also

Hagan, Colin R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Evaluation of Efficiency Activities in the Industrial Sector Undertaken in Response to Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEFRA), 2005a. UK Emissions Trading Scheme. London: DEFRA.Energy/GHG Tax Emissions trading Target Setting Penaltiesthe European Union Emissions Trading Scheme and a lack of

Price, Lynn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

International Symposium on Gaseous and Odour Emissions from Animal Production Facilities, Horsens, Jutland, Denmark 1-4 June, 2003 Ammonia Emissions from Broiler Houses in Kentucky during Winter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Symposium on Gaseous and Odour Emissions from Animal Production Facilities, Horsens, Jutland, Denmark 1-4 June, 2003 Ammonia Emissions from Broiler Houses in Kentucky during Winter Kenneth D a comprehensive database of ammonia emission rates (ER) from US poultry facilities. The influence of common

Kentucky, University of

166

International Symposium on Gaseous and Odour Emissions from Animal Production Facilities, Horsens, Jutland, Denmark 1-4 June, 2003 AMMONIA EMISSIONS FROM LAYER HOUSES IN IOWA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Symposium on Gaseous and Odour Emissions from Animal Production Facilities, Horsens, Jutland, Denmark 1-4 June, 2003 1 AMMONIA EMISSIONS FROM LAYER HOUSES IN IOWA Y. Liang1 , H. Xin2 , A. Casey10 ABSTRACT An ongoing project of monitoring ammonia (NH3) emissions from U.S. layer houses

Kentucky, University of

167

The Essential Role of State Enforcement in the Brave New World of Greenhouse Gas Emission Limits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

greenhouse gas emissions trading market, the Regionalwith respect to emissions trading markets. 23 We must have a

Bogoshian, Matt; Alex, Ken

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

International Bioenergy Trade  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergy Health andofIan KalinResearch, Development,CoP)

169

Achieving California’s Land Use and Transportation Greenhouse Gas Emission Targets Under AB 32: An Exploration of Potential Policy Processes and Mechanisms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Schleich (2006). EU Emissions Trading: an Early Analysis of2002). Comparing Emission Trading with Absolute and Relativein the European Emissions Trading System: a Commentary.

Shaheen, Susan A.; Bejamin-Chung, Jade; Allen, Denise; Howe-Steiger, Linda

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Personal revised version of: Howitt, O. J. A., et al., Carbon emissions from international cruise ship passengers travel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Personal revised version of: Howitt, O. J. A., et al., Carbon emissions from international cruise.enpol.2009.12.050 1 CARBON EMISSIONS FROM INTERNATIONAL CRUISE SHIP PASSENGERS' TRAVEL TO AND FROM NEW-km. The weighted mean energy use per passenger night for the "hotel" function of these cruise vessels was estimated

Otago, University of

171

Emission control system and method for internal combustion engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fresh air is introduced into the exhaust pipe leading to the muffler for an internal combustion engine, while the air and exhaust gas mixture is cooled, not only in the muffler but also in a circuitous tube which extends from the muffler to the normal discharge or tail pipe and in which a special cooler may be installed. From the outlet of the special cooling tube, which faces forwardly, a portion of the air and exhaust gas mixture, now cooled, is led from a Y-connection to the intake tube of the air filter, so that the air and exhaust gas mixture will be introduced into the intake system prior to the carburetor. A rearwardly slanting arm of the Y-connection connects the front end of the special cooling pipe with the normal tail pipe. The carburetor has one or more air bleed tubes leading into the mixture passage at or below the butterfly valves, so that at idling speeds, a small amount of fresh air is introduced, irrespective of the position of the butterfly valves, to overcome any tendency for the engine, when idling, to cough or sputter due to the introduction of an air and exhaust gas mixture to the air filter intake.

Owens, L.

1980-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

172

Nitrogen enriched combustion of a natural gas internal combustion engine to reduce NO.sub.x emissions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and system for reducing nitrous oxide emissions from an internal combustion engine. An input gas stream of natural gas includes a nitrogen gas enrichment which reduces nitrous oxide emissions. In addition ignition timing for gas combustion is advanced to improve FCE while maintaining lower nitrous oxide emissions.

Biruduganti, Munidhar S. (Naperville, IL); Gupta, Sreenath Borra (Naperville, IL); Sekar, R. Raj (Naperville, IL); McConnell, Steven S. (Shorewood, IL)

2008-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

173

Analysis Of Exhaust Emission Of Internal Combustion Engine Using Biodiesel Blend  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract-The main purpose of this research is to study the effect of various blends of an environmental friendly alternative fuel such as biodiesel on the performance of diesel engine. In the Present investigation experimental work has been carried out to analyze the performance and exhaust emission characteristics of a single cylinder internal combustion engine fuelled with biodiesel blend at the different load. In this experiment the biodiesel which is use as a waste cooking oil (WCO) biodiesel.To investigation of the emission characteristics of the engine loads, which is supplied from the alternator. The experiment was carried out different load i.e. (NO LOAD, 100W 200W, 500W, 1000W, 1500W, 2000W, 2500W & 3000Watt) at engine speed 1500 rpm/min. A test was applied in which an engine was fuel with diesel and seven different blends of diesel. Biodiesel (B5, B10, B20, B40, B60, B80, B100) made from waste cooking oil and the results were analyzed.The emission of were measured carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbon carbon(HC), Oxides of nitrogen (NOX) and oxygen ().The experimental results will be compared with biodiesel blends and diesel. The biodiesel results of (WCO) in lower emission of hydro carbon (HC) and (CO) and increase emission of (NO2). This study showed that the results of exhaust emission of biodiesel blends were lower than the diesel fuel. Keyword- Biodiesel (WCO), diesel engine, gas analyzer, Exhaust emission. I.

Suvendu Mohanty; Dr. Om Prakash; Reasearch Scholar

174

An Analysis of Trading Motivations in Phase II of the European Union  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Analysis of Trading Motivations in Phase II of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme By Executive Summary I. The European Union Emission Trading Scheme a. Evolution of the EU ETS b. Structure of Trading Behavior in Phase II of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme "Our generation's response

Lewis, Robert Michael

175

Carbon tax is superior to cap-and-trade Jonas Nycander  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. #12;Figure 1. Market price in EUR/ton CO2 of emissions allowances in the European Emissions Trading that produce electricity mainly from coal. In 2005 the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) began. The emissions

Nycander, Jonas

176

PHYSICAL REVIEW E 87, 012814 (2013) Carbon-dioxide emissions trading and hierarchical structure in worldwide finance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the stock market indicators and those of the EU CO2 emission allowance (EUA) and crude oil futures (WTI WTI) with that of the stock market indicators, and is markedly different (>20 days) from 0, showing

Stanley, H. Eugene

177

International Assistance for Low-Emission Development Planning: Coordinated Low Emissions Assistance Network (CLEAN) Inventory of Activities and Tools--Preliminary Trends  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Coordinated Low Emissions Assistance Network (CLEAN) is a voluntary network of international practitioners supporting low-emission planning in developing countries. The network seeks to improve quality of support through sharing project information, tools, best practices and lessons, and by fostering harmonized assistance. CLEAN has developed an inventory to track and analyze international technical support and tools for low-carbon planning activities in developing countries. This paper presents a preliminary analysis of the inventory to help identify trends in assistance activities and tools available to support developing countries with low-emission planning.

Cox, S.; Benioff, R.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Neutrino and cosmic-ray emission from multiple internal shocks in gamma-ray bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the classical theory of gamma-ray bursts, it is expected that particles are accelerated at mildly relativistic shocks generated by the collisions of material ejected from a central engine. We consider neutrino and cosmic-ray emission from multiple emission regions since these internal collisions must occur at very different radii, from below the photosphere all the way out to the circumburst medium, as a consequence of the efficient dissipation of kinetic energy. We demonstrate that the different messengers originate from different collision radii, which means that multimessenger observations open windows for revealing the evolving GRB outflows. We find that, even in the internal shock model, the neutrino production can be dominated by emission from around the photosphere, i.e., the radius where the ejecta become transparent to gamma-ray emission. Possible subphotospheric contributions enhance the detectability. We predict a minimal neutrino flux per flavor at the level of E^2 J ~ 10^{-11} GeV cm^{-2} sr^{...

Bustamante, Mauricio; Murase, Kohta; Winter, Walter

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Trade Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In an otherwise insightful and thoughtful article, Sebastian Pfotenhauer (Trade Policy Is Science Policy,” Issues, Fall 2013) might better have entitled his contribution “Trade Policy Needs to Be Reconciled with Science ...

Ashford, Nicholas A.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Atmospheric Mercury: Emissions, Transport/Fate,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, global...) Is "emissions trading" workable and ethical? Is the recently promulgated Clean Air Mercury

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Cross Border Trading and Borrowing in the EU ETS A. Denny Ellerman* and Raphael Trotignon**  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

multi- national trading system, the European Union's CO2 Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) provides** This paper exploits a little used data resource within the central registry of the European Union's Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) to analyze cross border trading and inter-year borrowing during the first trading

182

Agricultural Soil Carbon Sequestration Offset Programs: Strengths, Difficulties, and Suggestions for Their Potential Use in AB 32's Cap and Trade Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pdf; Section 3: Emissions Trading/Offset Credits – A Market1, 2013. 19 Under the Emissions Trading Program , L EGAL Pand-ab-32s- emissions-trading-program/. Additionally,

Bernadett, Lauren

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

The supply chain of CO2 emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In almost all cases, the emissions related to traded fuelsextraction (F Er ) and production (F Pr ) emissions (i.e. ,the net effect of emissions from traded fossil fuels; Top),

Davis, S. J; Peters, G. P; Caldeira, K.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Personal revised version of: Howitt et al. (2011), Carbon dioxide emissions from international air freight. Paper to appear in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

presents a methodology to calculate the amount of fuel burnt and the resulting CO2 emissions from New calculated. The total amount of fuel consumed for the international air transport of New Zealand's imports to other nations and/or regions. Using data on fuel uplift, air freight and air craft movements

Otago, University of

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Global Carbon Emissions in the Coming Decades: The Case of China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of embodied energy in international trade on ecologicalcalculate embedded energy and carbon of trade. While it isembodiment in US–China trade. Energy Policy 33. Int. Energy

Levine, Mark D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Emissions Trading and Social Justice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is   added   to   coal   prices. 82   In   addition,  increases   in   oil   prices   make   coal   power   more  fuel  prices  in  favor  of  lower-­?sulfur  coal  and  

Farber, Daniel A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

The European emissions trading system.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Die folgende Diplomarbeit behandelt das theoretische Design und die praktische Ausgestaltung des EU Emissionshandels. Das theoretische Konzept handelbarer Umweltlizenzen wurde schon 1968 von John H.… (more)

Schmircher, Georg

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

The 1992 conference on Latin America's Energy Industry: New opportunities for growth through international investment and trade  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Liberal economic and political reforms in Latin America, a declining oil market in the US, and world events such as last year's Persian Gulf Crisis are making foreign investment in Latin America's energy sector increasingly attractive. The Persian Gulf crisis indicated the US must diversify oil sources; increased competition and deregulation in electric power generation and gas production are providing more opportunities for independent power producers at home and abroad; and Latin America's need for foreign financial and technical assistance are providing an important pull'' factor. Electricity needs in the developing world wig be huge in the years to come. In Latin America and the Caribbean, 66,500 mg of new capacity will be required by 1999. The developing world will require US $100 billion in energy investment a year. But Latin American countries will have trouble obtaining funds. The region will need to rely heavily on private international sources to finance future energy requirements. Multilateral development bank participation win remain critical, however, serving as a catalyst for government reform and private investment in the sector. In particular, World Bank lending will be focused on countries with a clear commitment to pricing reform, regulatory reform, competitive markets, non-market barriers, and technology transfer. Opportunities for foreign participation in the Latin American oil sector are particularly large in Ecuador, Peru, Argentina, and Venezuela. Mexico's plans for reform in the oil sector, a delicate issue in that country, appear to be less defined and likely to occur farther into the future. The conference made clear that a regulatory entity is needed even when the sector is owned by the government. Regulatory processes must be fair and transparent in order to ensure adequate financial and technical performance.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

The 1992 conference on Latin America`s Energy Industry: New opportunities for growth through international investment and trade  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Liberal economic and political reforms in Latin America, a declining oil market in the US, and world events such as last year`s Persian Gulf Crisis are making foreign investment in Latin America`s energy sector increasingly attractive. The Persian Gulf crisis indicated the US must diversify oil sources; increased competition and deregulation in electric power generation and gas production are providing more opportunities for independent power producers at home and abroad; and Latin America`s need for foreign financial and technical assistance are providing an important ``pull`` factor. Electricity needs in the developing world wig be huge in the years to come. In Latin America and the Caribbean, 66,500 mg of new capacity will be required by 1999. The developing world will require US $100 billion in energy investment a year. But Latin American countries will have trouble obtaining funds. The region will need to rely heavily on private international sources to finance future energy requirements. Multilateral development bank participation win remain critical, however, serving as a catalyst for government reform and private investment in the sector. In particular, World Bank lending will be focused on countries with a clear commitment to pricing reform, regulatory reform, competitive markets, non-market barriers, and technology transfer. Opportunities for foreign participation in the Latin American oil sector are particularly large in Ecuador, Peru, Argentina, and Venezuela. Mexico`s plans for reform in the oil sector, a delicate issue in that country, appear to be less defined and likely to occur farther into the future. The conference made clear that a regulatory entity is needed even when the sector is owned by the government. Regulatory processes must be fair and transparent in order to ensure adequate financial and technical performance.

Not Available

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

IEA Bioenergy Task 40Sustainable International Bioenergy Trade:Securing Supply and Demand Country Report 2014—United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Logistical barrier are tied to feedstock harvesting, collection, storage and distribution. Current crop harvesting machinery is unable to selectively harvest preferred components of cellulosic biomass while maintaining acceptable levels of soil carbon and minimizing erosion. Actively managing biomass variability imposes additional functional requirements on biomass harvesting equipment. A physiological variation in biomass arises from differences in genetics, degree of crop maturity, geographical location, climatic events, and harvest methods. This variability presents significant cost and performance risks for bioenergy systems. Currently, processing standards and specifications for cellulosic feedstocks are not as well-developed as for mature commodities. Biomass that is stored with high moisture content or exposed to moisture during storage is susceptible to spoilage, rotting, spontaneous combustion, and odor problems. Appropriate storage methods and strategies are needed to better define storage requirements to preserve the volume and quality of harvested biomass over time and maintain its conversion yield. Raw herbaceous biomass is costly to collect, handle, and transport because of its low density and fibrous nature. Existing conventional, bale-based handling equipment and facilities cannot cost-effectively deliver and store high volumes of biomass, even with improved handling techniques. Current handling and transportation systems designed for moving woodchips can be inefficient for bioenergy processes due to the costs and challenges of transporting, storing, and drying high-moisture biomass. The infrastructure for feedstock logistics has not been defined for the potential variety of locations, climates, feedstocks, storage methods, processing alternatives, etc., which will occur at a national scale. When setting up biomass fuel supply chains, for large-scale biomass systems, logistics are a pivotal part in the system. Various studies have shown that long-distance international transport by ship is feasible in terms of energy use and transportation costs, but availability of suitable vessels and meteorological conditions (e.g., winter time in Scandinavia and Russia) need to be considered. However, local transportation by truck (both in biomass exporting and importing countries) may be a high-cost factor, which can influence the overall energy balance and total biomass costs.

J. Richard Hess; Patrick Lamers; Mohammad S. Roni; Jacob J. Jacobson; Brendi Heath

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

E-Print Network 3.0 - alpha -particle emission Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

p, 1 chart, 1 diagram, 9 graphs Document Type: Article Subject Terms: *EMISSIONS trading CARBON... of economic burdens among nations; Influence of emissions trading on...

192

Trade in waste among developed countries : evidence and origins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we examine the determinants of the international trade in waste between developed countries. Data from the 1980s suggest that while the trade in waste between developed and less developed countries has ...

Bernard, Andrew B.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

1 Copyright 2012 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Copyright © 2012 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall and Combustion Systems ETH Zürich Switzerland ABSTRACT The emission trade-off between soot and NOx is an issue and on the aftertreatment sides in order to optimize the engine emissions while maintaining the highest possible efficiency

Daraio, Chiara

194

Will Monetized Carbon Emission Reductions Buy Enhanced Building Operations?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- Policies and Measures International and United State Programs - Kyoto Protocol - European Union Emission Trading Scheme - California Global Warming Solutions Act - Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative #0;z Strategies for Expanding Buildings Role Buildings... Emission Targets in 2008-2012 for 37 Annex I Countries Which Have Ratified It ? Relies Primarily on Policies and Measures ? Flexibility Measures Include CDMs and JIs #0;z European Climate Change Program ? Reflects EU’s Leadership in Implementing Kyoto...

Millhone, J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

EC-5 fifth international workshop on electron cyclotron emission and electron cyclotron heating  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains papers on the following topics: electron cyclotron emission measurements; electron cyclotron emission theory; electron cyclotron heating; gyrotron development; and ECH systems and waveguide development. These paper have been indexed separately elsewhere. (LSP).

Prater, R.; Lohr, J. [eds.

1985-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

196

Sardinia 2007, Eleventh International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium Potential for Reducing Global Methane Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Reducing Global Methane Emissions From Landfills, 2000-2030 E. MATTHEWS1 , N. J. THEMELIS2 1 NASA Goddard methane (CH4 )annually to the world's total CH4 emission of ~550 Tg/yr. Recycling and thermal treatment destined for landfills and to mitigating CH4 emission. Waste generation is estimated to more than double

Columbia University

197

Essays on International Trade Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

South Africa, Sudan, Suriname, Swiziland, Tanza- nia, Togo,South Korea; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Tanzania; Trinidad and

Tesfayesus, Asrat

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Essays on International Trade Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tobago Turkey Uganda Uruguay US Venezuela Zimbabwe Argentinamultilateral level during the Uruguay Round to reduce theirtrading partners. I exploit Uruguay Round based change in

Tesfayesus, Asrat

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Nonroutine tasks in international trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4269. Desai, Mihir, Fritz Foley and James Hines Jr. , 2001,Desai, Mihir, Fritz Foley, and James Hines Jr. , 2002,W9224. Desai, Mihir, Fritz Foley and James Hines Jr. , 2001,

Oldenski, Lindsay

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Essays on International Trade Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an element that leads to information asymmetry about thedifferences might lead to greater information asymmetry ina pie in which information asymmetry leads to a ’war of

Tesfayesus, Asrat

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Nonroutine tasks in international trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Occupational Employment Statistics. These intensities areStatistics Occupational Employment Statistics 2006. By De?

Oldenski, Lindsay

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Market-Based Emissions Regulation and Industry Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Examples include the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) in the European Union and California's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions trading program. In these "cap-and-trade" (CAT) programs, regulators impose a cap- sions is that, provided a series of conditions are met, an emissions trading program designed to equate

Fowlie, Meredith

203

Consumption-based accounting of CO2 emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in trade (EET) and therefore equals emissions embodied inexports (EEE) less emissions embodied in imports (EEI).re?ects the net export of emissions and a negative value

Davis, S. J; Caldeira, K.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

The supply chain of CO2 emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

emissions from traded fossil fuels; Top), production (F Pr )Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO 2 Emissions (Carbonfrom the burning of fossil fuels are conventionally

Davis, S. J; Peters, G. P; Caldeira, K.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Illegal Logging and Related Trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are the responsibility of the authors. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted by Stephen Austin and Sons Ltd The material selected for the printing of this report is Elemental Chlorine framework 14 3.1.3 Checks and balances 16 3.1.4 International trade cooperation 18 3.1.5 Ensuring a balance

206

Invitation NCCR Trade Regulation Brown Bag Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Faculty of Law, where he taught and conducted research on Chinese law and international trade/international, more recently, as Director of the East Asian International Economic Law and Policy (EAIEL) Program Lecturer in Law and a Visiting Associate Professor of Law at Stanford Law School China's Recent

Sola, Rolf Haenni

207

Assessment of U.S. cap-and-trade proposals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis model is applied to an assessment of a set of cap-and-trade proposals being considered by the U.S. Congress in spring 2007. The bills specify emissions reductions to be ...

Paltsev, Sergey V.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Assessment of U.S. Cap-and-Trade Proposals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis model is applied to an assessment of a set of cap-and-trade proposals being considered by the U.S. Congress in spring 2007. The bills specify emissions reductions to be ...

Paltsev, Sergey

209

Pattern of Trade and Economic Development in the Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pattern of Trade and Economic Development in the Model of Monopolistic Competition Jeffrey D. Sachs for International Development at Harvard University #12;CID Working Paper no. 14 Pattern of Trade and Economic, the general equilibrium may discontinuously jump across different patterns of trade and economic development

210

Multilateral, regional and bilateral energy trade governance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The current international energy trade governance system is fragmented and multi-layered. Streamlining it for greater legal cohesiveness and international political and economic cooperation would promote global energy security. The current article explores three levels of energy trade governance: multilateral, regional and bilateral. Most energy-rich countries are part of the multilateral trading system, which is institutionalized by the World Trade Organization (WTO). The article analyzes the multilateral energy trade governance system by focusing on the WTO and energy transportation issues. Regionally, the article focuses on five major regional agreements and their energy-related aspects and examines the various causes that explain the proliferation of regional trade agreements, their compatibility with WTO law, and then provides several examples of regional energy trade governance throughout the world. When it comes to bilateral energy trade governance, this article only addresses the European Union’s (EU) bilateral energy trade relations. The article explores ways in which gaps could be filled and overlaps eliminated whilst remaining true to the high-level normative framework, concentrating on those measures that would enhance EU energy security.

Leal-Arcas, Rafael; Grasso, Costantino; Rios, Juan Alemany (Queen Mary Univ. of London (United Kingdom))

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Home Page > Business > Industrial > Global Trade Of Wood Chips Down 26% In 2009 As Pulpmills Reduce Production Worldwide, Reports Wood Resources International  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from South Africa have declined 40%. With pulp production slowly increasing this fall and energy are Australia, South Africa, Vietnam and Uruguay. Australia, the world's largest exporter, has reduced shipmentsHome Page > Business > Industrial > Global Trade Of Wood Chips Down 26% In 2009 As Pulpmills Reduce

212

Global Carbon Emissions in the Coming Decades: The Case of China  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

China's annual energy-related carbon emissions surpassed those of the United States in In order to build a more robust understanding of China's energy-related carbon emissions, emissions after 2001? The divergence between actual and forecasted carbon emissions international trade, and central government policies in driving emissions growth. so greatly in error and what drove the rapid growth of China's energy-related carbon this article reviews the role of economic restructuring, urbanization, coal dependence, underscores the rapid changes that have taken place in China's energy system since 2001.

Levine, Mark; Levine, Mark D.; Aden, Nathaniel T.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

The 'Mine/Yours' method of international comparisons of carbon emissions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In previous work (Schipper, Unander & Lilliu 1999), we summarized a new method for comparing energy use and carbon emissions among various countries. We call this the ''Mine/Yours'' comparison. In this paper, we provide details of the comparisons methodology, and carry out the comparison on a number of IEA countries. We calculate the average energy intensities I for a sample of countries (''yours'') and multiply them by structural parameters S for a particular country (''mine''). Comparing the results with the actual energy use of the country in question gives us an estimate of how much energy that country would use with average intensities but with its own structural conditions. The converse can be calculated as well, that is, average structure and own intensities. Emissions can be introduced through the F (fuel mix) term. These calculations show where differences in the components of emissions lead to large gaps among countries, and where those differences are not important. We show which components cause the largest variance in emissions by sector. In households, home size, average winter climate, and energy intensity appear to be the most important differentiating characteristics for space heating. For other residential energy uses the mix of fuels used to generate electricity (utility mix) is most important. Because some of the differences are ''built in'' - geography, climate, natural resources endowment - we conclude by questioning whether uniform emissions reductions targets make sense. Indeed, the ''Mine/Yours'' tool provides a valuable guide to important ways in which emissions may or may not be flexible.

Murtishaw, Scott; Schipper, Lee; Unander, Fridtjof

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Carbon Trading, Carbon Taxes and Social Discounting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon Trading, Carbon Taxes and Social Discounting Elisa Belfiori belf0018@umn.edu University of Minnesota Abstract This paper considers the optimal design of policies to carbon emissions in an economy, such as price or quantity controls on the net emissions of carbon, are insufficient to achieve the social

Weiblen, George D

215

Tax-versus-trading and efficient revenue recycling as issues for greenhouse gas abatement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tax-versus-trading and efficient revenue recycling as issues for greenhouse gas abatement Final abatement, using the first multi-party model to include both tax-versus-trading under uncertainties of an emissions tax over emissions (permit) trading in handling abatement-cost uncertainties, from that shown

Pezzey, Jack

216

Understanding developing countries' capacities to negotiate effective trade agreements : Colombia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis explores the obstacles (the negotiation machinery, the asymmetric context of power and the international and domestic context) for developing countries in negotiating international trade agreements with the US. ...

Bonilla, Martha Isabel, 1965-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

International Experiences and Frameworks to Support Country-Driven Low-Emissions Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Countries can use low-emission development strategies (LEDS) to advance sustainable development, promote private-sector growth, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This paper proposes a framework -- or support infrastructure -- to enable the efficient exchange of LEDS-related knowledge and technical assistance. Under the proposed framework, countries share LEDS-related resources via coordinating forums, 'knowledge platforms,' and networks of experts and investors. The virtual 'knowledge platforms' foster learning by allowing countries to communicate with each other and share technical reports, data, and analysis tools in support of LEDS development. Investing in all elements of the framework in an integrated fashion increases the efficacy of support for country-driven LEDS.

Benioff, R.; Cochran, J.; Cox, S.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Analytical Framework to Evaluate Emission Control Systems for Marine Engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reciprocation internal combustion engines - Exhaust emissionReciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emissionOn the emissions from internal-combustion engines: A review.

Jayaram, Varalakshmi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Carbon Trading Protocols for Geologic Sequestration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) could become an instrumental part of a future carbon trading system in the US. If the US starts operating an emissions trading scheme (ETS) similar to that of the European Union's then limits on CO{sub 2} emissions will be conservative in the beginning stages. The government will most likely start by distributing most credits for free; these free credits are called allowances. The US may follow the model of the EU ETS, which during the first five-year phase distributed 95% of the credits for free, bringing that level down to 90% for the second five-year phase. As the number of free allowances declines, companies will be forced to purchase an increasing number of credits at government auction, or else obtain them from companies selling surplus credits. In addition to reducing the number of credits allocated for free, with each subsequent trading period the number of overall credits released into the market will decline in an effort to gradually reduce overall emissions. Companies may face financial difficulty as the value of credits continues to rise due to the reduction of the number of credits available in the market each trading period. Governments operating emissions trading systems face the challenge of achieving CO{sub 2} emissions targets without placing such a financial burden on their companies that the country's economy is markedly affected.

Hoversten, Shanna

2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

220

International Experience with Key Program Elements of IndustrialEnergy Efficiency or Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Target-SettingPrograms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Target-setting agreements, also known as voluntary ornegotiated agreements, have been used by a number of governments as amechanism for promoting energy efficiency within the industrial sector. Arecent survey of such target-setting agreement programs identified 23energy efficiency or GHG emissions reduction voluntary agreement programsin 18 countries. International best practice related to target-settingagreement programs calls for establishment of a coordinated set ofpolicies that provide strong economic incentives as well as technical andfinancial support to participating industries. The key program elementsof a target-setting program are the target-setting process,identification of energy-saving technologies and measures usingenergy-energy efficiency guidebooks and benchmarking as well as byconducting energy-efficiency audits, development of an energy-savingsaction plan, development and implementation of energy managementprotocols, development of incentives and supporting policies, monitoringprogress toward targets, and program evaluation. This report firstprovides a description of three key target-setting agreement programs andthen describes international experience with the key program elementsthat comprise such programs using information from the three keytarget-setting programs as well as from other international programsrelated to industrial energy efficiency or GHG emissionsreductions.

Price, Lynn; Galitsky, Christina; Kramer, Klaas Jan

2008-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Return to 1990: The cost of mitigating United States carbon emissions in the post-2000 period  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Second Generation Model (SGM) is employed to examine four hypothetical agreements to reduce emissions in Annex 1 nations (OECD nations plus most of the nations of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union) to levels in the neighborhood of those which existed in 1990, with obligations taking effect in the year 2010. The authors estimate the cost to the US of complying with such agreements under three distinct conditions: no trading of emissions rights, trading of emissions rights only among Annex 1 nations, and a fully global trading regime. The authors find that the marginal cost of returning to 1990 emissions levels in the US in the absence of trading opportunities is approximately $108 per metric ton carbon in 2010. The total cost in that year is approximately 0.2% of GDP. International trade in emissions permits lowers the cost of achieving any mitigation objective by equalizing the marginal cost of carbon mitigation among countries. For the four mitigation scenarios in this study, economic costs to the US remain below 1% of GDP through at least the year 2020.

Edmonds, J.A.; Kim, S.H.; MacCracken, C.N.; Sands, R.D.; Wise, M.A.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

On the realized volatility of the ECX CO2 emissions 2008 futures contract: distribution, dynamics and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: The recent implementation of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) in January 2005 created new financial of CO2 emissions allowances, valid for compliance under the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

223

Reducing Greenhouse Emissions and Fuel Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that energy use and CO2 emissions in developed countries w icap-and-trade program for CO2 emissions from the electricalout and "sequester" the CO2 emissions, though the cost and

Shaheen, Susan; Lipman, Timothy

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

The supply chain of CO2 emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on GTAP data of energy consumed and trade in each region byper unit of energy. Using trade data, these emissions aretrade, economic input–output by sector, GDP, population, energy

Davis, S. J; Peters, G. P; Caldeira, K.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Market-Based Emissions Regulation and Industry Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of NSF grant SES-0922401. 1 #12;Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) in the European Union and California's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions trading program. In these "cap is that, provided a series of conditions are met, an emissions trading program designed to equate marginal

Fowlie, Meredith

226

International energy outlook 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This International Energy Outlook presents historical data from 1970 to 1993 and EIA`s projections of energy consumption and carbon emissions through 2015 for 6 country groups. Prospects for individual fuels are discussed. Summary tables of the IEO96 world energy consumption, oil production, and carbon emissions projections are provided in Appendix A. The reference case projections of total foreign energy consumption and of natural gas, coal, and renewable energy were prepared using EIA`s World Energy Projection System (WEPS) model. Reference case projections of foreign oil production and consumption were prepared using the International Energy Module of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). Nuclear consumption projections were derived from the International Nuclear Model, PC Version (PC-INM). Alternatively, nuclear capacity projections were developed using two methods: the lower reference case projections were based on analysts` knowledge of the nuclear programs in different countries; the upper reference case was generated by the World Integrated Nuclear Evaluation System (WINES)--a demand-driven model. In addition, the NEMS Coal Export Submodule (CES) was used to derive flows in international coal trade. As noted above, foreign projections of electricity demand are now projected as part of the WEPS. 64 figs., 62 tabs.

NONE

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Performance, Efficiency, and Emissions Characterization of Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines Fueled with Hydrogen/Natural Gas Blends  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrogen is an attractive fuel source not only because it is abundant and renewable but also because it produces almost zero regulated emissions. Internal combustion engines fueled by compressed natural gas (CNG) are operated throughout a variety of industries in a number of mobile and stationary applications. While CNG engines offer many advantages over conventional gasoline and diesel combustion engines, CNG engine performance can be substantially improved in the lean operating region. Lean operation has a number of benefits, the most notable of which is reduced emissions. However, the extremely low flame propagation velocities of CNG greatly restrict the lean operating limits of CNG engines. Hydrogen, however, has a high flame speed and a wide operating limit that extends into the lean region. The addition of hydrogen to a CNG engine makes it a viable and economical method to significantly extend the lean operating limit and thereby improve performance and reduce emissions. Drawbacks of hydrogen as a fuel source, however, include lower power density due to a lower heating value per unit volume as compared to CNG, and susceptibility to pre-ignition and engine knock due to wide flammability limits and low minimum ignition energy. Combining hydrogen with CNG, however, overcomes the drawbacks inherent in each fuel type. Objectives of the current study were to evaluate the feasibility of using blends of hydrogen and natural gas as a fuel for conventional natural gas engines. The experiment and data analysis included evaluation of engine performance, efficiency, and emissions along with detailed in-cylinder measurements of key physical parameters. This provided a detailed knowledge base of the impact of using hydrogen/natural gas blends. A four-stroke, 4.2 L, V-6 naturally aspirated natural gas engine coupled to an eddy current dynamometer was used to measure the impact of hydrogen/natural gas blends on performance, thermodynamic efficiency and exhaust gas emissions in a reciprocating four stroke cycle engine. The test matrix varied engine load and air-to-fuel ratio at throttle openings of 50% and 100% at equivalence ratios of 1.00 and 0.90 for hydrogen percentages of 10%, 20% and 30% by volume. In addition, tests were performed at 100% throttle opening, with an equivalence ratio of 0.98 and a hydrogen blend of 20% to further investigate CO emission variations. Data analysis indicated that the use of hydrogen/natural gas fuel blend penalizes the engine operation with a 1.5 to 2.0% decrease in torque, but provided up to a 36% reduction in CO, a 30% reduction in NOX, and a 5% increase in brake thermal efficiency. These results concur with previous results published in the open literature. Further reduction in emissions can be obtained by retarding the ignition timing.

Kirby S. Chapman; Amar Patil

2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

228

Policy Options for Encouraging Energy Efficiency Best Practices in Shandong Province's Cement Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PDF International Emissions Trading Association . “Thinkingwebsite. International Emissions Trading Association, 05 MarVerification in the EU Emission Trading Scheme. Beijing:,

Price, Lynn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Toward a Post-Kyoto Climate Change Architecture: A Political Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOR INTERNATIONAL GHG EMISSIONS TRADING (2000), http://al. , International Emissions Trading Rules as a Compliancethe Economic Benefits of Emissions Trading Under the Kyoto

Raustiala, Kal; Keohane, Robert O.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Port-city relationships in Europe and Asia Published in: Journal of International Logistics and Trade 4(2), pp. 13-35  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Port-city relationships in Europe and Asia Published in: Journal of International Logistics-712 Republic of Korea Abstract This paper investigates the nature of port-city relationships in two major port studies or general models, it proposes a complementary approach based on urban and port indicators

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

231

Distributing Pollution Rights in Cap-and-Trade Programs: Are Outcomes Independent of Allocation?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pablo. "Marketable pollution permits with uncertainty andof Two Major Cap-and-Trade Permit Programs. ”Env. and Res.level emissions and the initial permit allocation in this

Fowlie, Meredith; Perloff, Jeffrey M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Acting Globally: Potential Carbon Emissions Mitigation Impacts from an International Standards and Labelling Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents an analysis of the potential impacts of an international initiative designed to support and promote the development and implementation of appliances standards and labelling programs throughout the world. As part of previous research efforts, LBNL developed the Bottom Up Energy Analysis System (BUENAS), an analysis framework that estimates impact potentials of energy efficiency policies on a global scale. In this paper, we apply this framework to an initiative that would result in the successful implementation of programs focused on high priority regions and product types, thus evaluating the potential impacts of such an initiative in terms of electricity savings and carbon mitigation in 2030. In order to model the likely parameters of such a program, we limit impacts to a five year period starting in 2009, but assume that the first 5 years of a program will result in implementation of 'best practice' minimum efficiency performance standards by 2014. The 'high priority' regions considered are: Brazil, China, the European Union,India, Mexico and the United States. The products considered are: refrigerators, air conditioners, lighting (both fluorescent and incandescent), standby power (for consumer electronics) and televisions in the residential sector, and air conditioning and lighting in commercial buildings. In 2020, these regions and enduses account for about 37percent of global residential electricity and 29percent of electricity in commercial buildings. We find that 850Mt of CO2 could be saved in buildings by 2030 compared to the baseline forecast.

McNeil, Michael A; Letschert, Virginie E.; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Egan, Christine

2009-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

233

Fair trade and harmonization of climate change policies in Europe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In March 2000, the European Commission presented a Green Paper on greenhouse gas emissions trading within Europe, supporting implementation of a Community-wide scheme in which the design and regulation of all essential ...

Viguier, Laurent L.

234

Air Emmissions Trading Program/Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

carbon dioxide emissions budget trading program. The program includes a statewide annual CO2 budget allowance of 8,620,460 tons between 2009 and 2014; beginning in 2015 and ending...

235

Incorporating Wind Generation in Cap and Trade Programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cap and trade programs are increasingly being used to reduce emissions from electricity generation in the United States. Cap and trade programs primarily target emitting generators, but programs have also included renewable generators, such as wind generators. States cite several reasons why they have considered the policy option of including renewable generators in cap and trade programs: to provide an incentive for lower-emitting generation, to achieve emissions reductions in non-capped pollutants, and to gain local economic benefits associated with renewable energy projects. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency also notes these rationales for considering this policy alternative, and the National Association of Regulatory Commissioners (NARUC) passed a resolution supporting the inclusion of renewable energy in cap and trade programs. This report explores why states consider this policy option, what participation could mean for wind generators, and how wind generation can most effectively be included in state, federal, and regional cap and trade programs.

Bluestein, J.; Salerno, E.; Bird, L.; Vimmerstedt, L.

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

CHINA AND FOREST TRADE IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION: IMPLICATIONS FOR FORESTS AND LIVELIHOODS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Convention on the transnational movement of hazardous waste, the Montreal Protocol regarding CFCs, the Stockholm Protocol regarding persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and the Convention on International Trade

237

8th i-CIPEC8th International Conference/Exhibition on Combustion, Incineration/Pyrolysis, Emission and Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessment of Air Pollution ·Economy and Policy Life Cycle Assessment Cost-Benefit Analysis Environmental. Dioxins, PAHs and Other POPs Emission Control Particulate Matters(PM2.5 / PM10) And Heavy Metal Emission

Shepard, Kenneth

238

Combining a Renewable Portfolio Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: A General Equilibrium Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many efforts to address greenhouse gas emissions combine a cap-and-trade system with other measures such as a renewable portfolio standard. In this paper we use a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, the MIT Emissions ...

Morris, Jennifer

239

Combining a renewable portfolio standard with a cap-and-trade policy : a general equilibrium analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Most economists see incentive-based measures such a cap-and-trade system or a carbon tax as cost effective policy instruments for limiting greenhouse gas emissions. In actuality, many efforts to address GHG emissions combine ...

Morris Jennifer F. (Jennifer Faye)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

30TH INTERNATIONAL COSMIC RAY CONFERENCE Search for 1-100 GeV Emission from Gamma-Ray Bursts Using Milagro  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

30TH INTERNATIONAL COSMIC RAY CONFERENCE Search for 1-100 GeV Emission from Gamma-Ray Bursts Using one hundred gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) detected since the beginning of 2000 by BATSE, BeppoSax, HETE-2 spectra of gamma-ray bursts peak around a few hundred keV, EGRET has ob- served photons in the GeV energy

California at Santa Cruz, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Market-based emissions regulation when damages vary across sources: What are the gains from differentiation?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For much of the air pollution currently regulated under U.S. emissions trading programs, health. Using data from a U.S. emissions trading program, we find that the extant undifferentiated policy

Fowlie, Meredith

242

Is bioenergy trade good for the environment? Jean-Marc Bourgeona  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Is bioenergy trade good for the environment? Jean-Marc Bourgeona , Hélène Ollivierb a of bioenergy trade on greenhouse gas emissions using a two-good, three-factor model. Bioenergy emissions depending on regional comparative advantages. Keywords: bioenergy, intermediate product, North

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

243

International Relations and Development Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& Anthropology and Languages (choice of French, Arabic, German, Italian or Spanish) The International Relations Economy, Languages (French, Spanish, Arabic, German, Italian), International Trade, Middle East Politics experience a broad range of opportunities outside the classroom: - Explore exchange opportunities with dozens

244

Absolute vs. intensity-based emission caps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cap-and-trade systems limit emissions to some pre-specified absolute quantity. Intensity-based limits, that restrict emissions to some pre-specified rate relative to input or output, are much more widely used in environmental ...

Ellerman, A. Denny.

245

Water Quality Trading Program (Ohio)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Water quality trading is a tool for achieving water quality improvements. Under the right circumstances, trading has the potential to yield both environmental and economic benefits, while...

246

Essays on International Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Journal of International Economics, Vol. 65, 375–99. [33]Journal of Monetary Economics, Vol. 51, No. 1, pp. 1–32. [Trade”, Journal of Monetary Economics, Vol. 54, No. 6, pp.

Cravino, Javier Pablo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994.

NONE

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; stocks from 1973 through 1995, and trade from 1985 through 1995.

NONE

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

angle-resolved hypersatellite emission: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ru bpy 3 2+ PF6 - 2, Ru Braun, Paul 51 BP's Perspective on Emissions Purdue Emissions Trading Workshop Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: BP's Perspective...

250

Experimental comparison between markets on dynamic permit trading and investment in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental comparison between markets on dynamic permit trading and investment in irreversible international expertise on economics, finance, geography, the environment, international development change and the environment. The Institute is funded by the Grantham Foundation for the Protection

251

Trade Studies By Jacob Kloos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alternative Architectures Trade Tree Electric Power System Store Energy Control & Distribute PowerTrade Studies By Jacob Kloos #12;What is a Trade Study? · A tool used to be commensurate with cost, schedule, performance, and risk impacts · Trade studies

Rhoads, James

252

The Integration of Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Demand Response and Climate Change: Challenges and Opportunities for Evaluators and Planners  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for an international emissions trading scheme. Thus, foralso provides for an emissions trading (ET) scheme (Articleagency). If a national emissions trading program were to be

Vine, Edward

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Full Issue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

al. , International Emissions Trading Rules as a Compliancethe Economic Benefits of Emissions Trading Under the KyotoGreenhouse Gas Emissions Trading: Who Should Be Held Liable

UCLA, Law School

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Institutionalizing Unsustainability: The Paradox of Global Climate Governance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on International Emissions Trading. Global Envi- ronmentalTask Group on Emissions Trading. Final Report: Introductionand Crawshaw, David. 2006. Emissions Trading Inquiry a Joke:

Stevenson, Hayley

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

THE BABCOCK INSTITUTEfor International Dairy Research and Development Authored by E.V. Jesse, Director of Trade and Policy Studies, Babcock Institute, evjesse@wisc.edu 608-262-6348  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Director of Trade and Policy Studies, Babcock Institute, evjesse@wisc.edu · 608-262-6348 Babcock Institute countries (e.g., Oceania, the European Union,Argentina) have been unable to keep up with this growth

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

256

Fourteenth International Conference on Input-Output Techniques October 10 -15 2002, Montral, CANADA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, CANADA E3 IMPACTS OF DOMESTIC EMISSIONS TRADING REGIMES IN LIBERALISED ENERGY MARKETS: CARBON LEAKAGE.Kratena@wifo.ac.at _________________________________________________________________________ Abstract: This paper analyses the E3 (economy-energy-environment) impacts of a domestic emissions trading and sectoral effects of the emissions trading mainly depend on the allocation mechanism applied

Steininger, Karl W.

257

International Electricity Regulation | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Regulation International Electricity Regulation U.S. trade in electric energy with Canada and Mexico is rising, bringing economic and reliability benefits to the United States and...

258

Essays in international trade and entrepreneurship  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

weapons, and so are expected to display lower home market effects.weapons. This is a manifestation of the home market effect -weapons. This is a manifestation of the home market effect -

Hirakawa, Oana

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Essays on International Finance and Trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1973M 1-20 09M7 Real oil prices TOT 1973M 1-20 09M7 1973M 1-1973M 1-20 09M7 REER Real oil prices 1973M 1-20 09M7 1973M1975M 1-20 09M7 Real oil prices TOT 1975M 1-20 09M7 1975M 1-

Zeng, Li

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Essays on macroeconomics and international trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis focuses on the study of different aspects of income inequality across and within countries. In the first chapter, I study how the optimal provision of human capital is distorted in the presence of borrowing ...

Mestieri, Martí (Mestieri Ferre)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Essays on International Finance and Trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Turkey UK Canada Mexico Norway Obs. Mean Std. Dev. Min MaxForecast horizon Canada Norway Mexico Turkey MSE MAE DIR MSEForecast horizon Canada Norway Mexico Turkey MSE MAE DIR MSE

Zeng, Li

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

A synthesis of carbon in international trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Peters, G. P. : Carbon Footprint of Nations: A Global,analysis for na- tional carbon footprint accounting, Eco.study of the UK’s carbon footprint, Eco. Syst. Res. , 22,

Peters, G. P; Davis, S. J; Andrew, R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

International Agricultural Trade Report November 16, 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electricity and home heating and cooling, has increased demand for wood pellets with the United States, and the Netherlands, in particular, are increasingly using wood pellets in home and industrial heating as well

264

Three Essays on International Agricultural Trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the port of Salvador as well as an increase in exports and producer revenues for the country. Finally, in Chapter IV, the impacts of the 2005 FMD outbreak on the Brazilian meat market was examined. The imposition of an import ban by Russia on Brazilian...

Costa, Rafael

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

265

Essays on International Finance and Trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

may lead the oil-price model to fail for the emerging marketoil-price exchange rate model might work for different types of emerging market

Zeng, Li

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Essays on International Finance and Trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

high income country. Mexico, another oil-exporting country,countries, Norway and Mexico, the oil-price exchange rateLHS) Domestic real oil price Mexico Figure-2. Domestic Real

Zeng, Li

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Essays on International Finance and Trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LHS) Domestic real oil price Mexico Figure-2. Domestic Realcountries, Norway and Mexico, the oil-price exchange rateboth pure oil- exporting countries, Norway and Mexico, are

Zeng, Li

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

A synthesis of carbon in international trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

North America Russia South America Central America EasternNorth America Russia South America Central America Eastern153 MtC, 62 %) and South America (171 MtC, Biogeosciences,

Peters, G. P; Davis, S. J; Andrew, R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

E-Print Network 3.0 - abatement bilan international Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

costs... knowledge of firms' abatement costs. Keywords: Compliance, Enforcement, Emissions Trading, Monitoring... the emissions target? The total costs of achieving the target...

270

International Experience with Key Program Elements of Industrial Energy Efficiency or Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Target-Setting Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of companies with the Danish Energy Agency, were made forMay 29, 2003. Danish Energy Agency, 2000. Green Taxes forDanish CO 2 -Tax Scheme,” in International Energy Agency,

Price, Lynn; Galitsky, Christina; Kramer, Klaas Jan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Fairer Trade, Removing Gender Bias in US Import Taxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fairer Trade Removing Gender Bias in US Import Taxes LORI L. TAYLOR AND JAWAD DAR Mosbacher Institute VOLUME 6 | ISSUE 3 | 2015 There are many inequalities in US tariff policy. Products imported from certain countries enter duty free..., the US Su- preme Court refused to hear appeals from import- ers Rack Room Shoes Inc. and Forever 21 Inc., thereby blocking their attempts to challenge an earlier ruling by the Court of Internation- al Trade. The importers had argued before the Court...

Taylor, Lori L.; Dar, Jawad

272

North American Free Trade and U.S. Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

North American Free Trade and U.S. Agriculture Parr Rosson, Geoffrey A. Benson, Kirby S. Moulton and Larry D. Sanders* The use of trade agreements to achieve both domestic and international trade policy objectives is increasing. As a result, some U....S. agricultural exports setting a new record in 1996. R i s k M a n a g e men t E d u c a t i o n ? L-5282 RM6-8.0 5-99 *Professor and Extension Economist, The Texas A&M University System; Extension Economists, North Carolina State University, University...

Rosson, C. Parr; Benson, Geoffrey A.; Moulton, Kirby S.; Sanders, Larry D.

1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

273

air traffic emission: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Boyer, Edmond 16 Environmental policymaking for air transportation : toward an emissions trading system. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??Aviation is at a turning...

274

annual danish emission: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

transmitted unknown authors 215 Can Affirmative Motivations Improve Compliance in Emissions Trading Leigh Raymond Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: research...

275

air traffic emissions: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Boyer, Edmond 16 Environmental policymaking for air transportation : toward an emissions trading system. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??Aviation is at a turning...

276

air fluorescence emission: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

James 2014-01-01 36 Environmental policymaking for air transportation : toward an emissions trading system. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??Aviation is at a turning...

277

12 Absolute versus Intensity Limits for CO2 Emission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as a component of cli- mate policy in the UK Emissions Trading Scheme (UK DEFRA 2001),2 and in 2001 the Bush

278

Summary of the presentations at the international workshop on reducing carbon dioxide emissions from the developing world: Assessment of benefits, costs and barriers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Workshop on Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions from the Developing World: Assessment of Benefits, Costs and Barriers'' was the second workshop held as part of a project being conducted by the International Energy Studies Group of Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, in collaboration with experts from leading institutions across the developing world. The goal of the project is to analyze long-range energy consumption in developing countries and its potential contribution to global climate change. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is supporting this work, the results of which already have made a key contribution to the technical analysis being used as the basis for discussion by the Energy and Industry Sub-group of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The main purpose of this workshop was two-fold: (1) to discuss the feasibility of implementing the efficiency improvements and fuel switching measures incorporated into the long-term energy scenarios created for 17 developing countries and (2) to examine the costs and benefits of reducing energy-related carbon dioxide emissions generated by developing countries.

Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Summary of the presentations at the international workshop on reducing carbon dioxide emissions from the developing world: Assessment of benefits, costs and barriers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ``International Workshop on Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions from the Developing World: Assessment of Benefits, Costs and Barriers`` was the second workshop held as part of a project being conducted by the International Energy Studies Group of Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, in collaboration with experts from leading institutions across the developing world. The goal of the project is to analyze long-range energy consumption in developing countries and its potential contribution to global climate change. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is supporting this work, the results of which already have made a key contribution to the technical analysis being used as the basis for discussion by the Energy and Industry Sub-group of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The main purpose of this workshop was two-fold: (1) to discuss the feasibility of implementing the efficiency improvements and fuel switching measures incorporated into the long-term energy scenarios created for 17 developing countries and (2) to examine the costs and benefits of reducing energy-related carbon dioxide emissions generated by developing countries.

Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

15th International Conference Ramiran, May 3-6, 2013, Versailles Accounting GHG emissions from sludge treatment and disposal routes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% of sewage sludge is directly land spreading or composted before land spreading. Sludge application sludge treatment and disposal routes ­ methodological problems focused on sludge land spreading this tool can be used to quantify GHG emissions of sludge land spreading of a 380 000 per captia equivalent

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

TRADE COSTS AND THE GAINS FROM TRADE IN CROP AGRICULTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

costs, trade liberalization. JEL codes: F18, Q17, Q54. Although the theoretical case for the gains from

Tullos, Desiree

282

14.581 International Economics I, Spring 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This course covers, with a focus on both theory and empirics, advanced topics in international trade (as well as inter-regional trade and economic geography). It includes the study of positive issues, such as: Why do ...

Donaldson, Dave

283

Corporate governance and insider trading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I investigate the relation between corporate governance and insider trading by corporate executives. Despite the general view that trade on non-public information adversely affects capital market participants, the impact ...

Rozanov, Konstantin A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Essays on trade, CO?, and the environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The first chapter of this thesis uses a general equilibrium model of trade and the environment to investigate two questions. First, how do the gains from trade compare against the environmental costs of trade? Trade can ...

Shapiro, Joseph S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

The Chicago VOC trading system : the consequences of market design for performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Chicago cap-and-trade approach to regulating stationary source VOC emissions in the Chicago ozone non-attainment area is a pioneering program that could set a precedent for other urban areas troubled by high ozone ...

Kosobud, Richard F.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

The European Carbon Market in Action: Lessons from the First Trading Period Interim Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the largest greenhouse gas market ever established. The European Union is leading the world's first effort to mobilize market forces to tackle climate change. A precise ...

Convery, Frank

287

The European carbon market in action : the first trading period, Interim report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the largest greenhouse gas market ever established. The European Union is leading the world's first effort to mobilize market forces to tackle climate change. A precise ...

Convery, Frank J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

International Trade and the Internalization of Environmental Damages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

estimates of environmental damages efficiently and quickly,an overview of environmental damages and internalizationdo little to decrease environmental damage, and may actually

Karp, Larry; Dumas, Christopher F.; Koo, Bonwoo; Sacheti, Sandeep

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Design Editorial Globalization and Internationalism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; especially, the development of an increasingly integrated global economy marked especially by free tradeJournal of Mechanical Design Editorial Globalization and Internationalism There has always been and Strabo, but to Friedman's empirical observations of globalization. According to Wikipedia, "globalization

Papalambros, Panos

290

These notes are from 2010 Cap and Trade Working Already  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acid Rain These notes are from 2010 #12;Cap and Trade Working Already December 15, 2009 10:14 AM across the country decreased emissions of SO2, a precursor to acid rain, to 7.6 million tons in 2008. #12;Overview of Acid Rain Phenomenon Most common term for acidification of the environment, which can occur

Toohey, Darin W.

291

Sikkim and Himalayan Trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lama. 6 The merchandise imported from Sikkim to Darjeeling, as the report indicated, consisted of horses, cattle including sheep and goats. blankets. salt. musk. wax, ghee, oranges. millet, rice, lime and 11 copper. The imports in 1863 were nearly... would be exported to Sikkim and Tibet replacing brick tea imported from Lhasa and China. Trade was conducted in four routes in Sikkim : two via Namchee and Chadam to the Great Rangeet and two via Zeeme to Goke and Tramduc to Colbong. The Tibetan...

Sen, Jahar

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Maritime trade and port evolution in a socialist developing country: Nampo, gateway of North Korea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maritime trade and port evolution in a socialist developing country: Nampo, gateway of North Korea. The study refers to port development issues in the socialist developing countries, in terms of constraints and advantages for ports, and proposes some analysis based on Nampo, the main international trading port city

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

293

Trade Liberalisation and Poverty.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The Washington consensus reform package for developing countries initiated in the early 90’s, came to be a leading paradigm in the international community. One… (more)

Mojsiejuk, Aleksander

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Regional economic function analysis of U.S. foreign-trade zones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Foreign-Trade Zones (FTZs) are defined as designated areas in the United States where foreign merchandise is considered to be international commerce and not subject to U.S. customs duties unless or until it enters into the ...

Otsubo, Hirotoshi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

The World Trade Organization and financial stability: the balance between liberalisation and regulation in the GATs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the Annex on Financial Services to determine its impact on domestic financial regulation and whether the GATS framework can achieve its objectives of liberalising international trade in financial services while allowing states to maintain adequate domestic...

Alexander, Kern

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Global Trade of Wood and Paper Products Analysis by: Dr. Ed K. Pepke  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and exporting regions of North America, Latin America (combining Central and South America), Europe renewable energy sources in light of escalating fossil fuel prices, have created new international trade

297

Trading Away Financial Stability in Colombia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trading Away Financial Stability in Colombia: Capital Controls and the US-Colombia Trade Agreement@bu.edu #12;Trading Away Financial Stability in Colombia: Capital Controls and the US-Colombia Trade Agreement SerieBrief # 66 | Abril 2011 Trading Away Financial Stability in Colombia: Capital Controls and the US-Colombia

Tufts University

298

WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN FISH MEAL AND OIL UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR · FISH ON OF FISH MEAL AND OIL , ESPECIALLY DUR ING 1953 TO 1959, THE PRI NC IPAL MARKET S FOR THE PRODUCTS- DICATE WHAT IS INCLUDED BESIDES FISHMEAL AND FISH BODY OIL. #12;WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN FISH MEAL

299

Trade Liberalization And Poverty Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trade Liberalization And Poverty Dynamics in Vietnam 2002-2006 Barbara COELLO World Bank Madior-28Mar2014 #12;1 Trade liberalization and poverty dynamics in Vietnam 2002-2006 Barbara Coello, the World liberalization and poverty dynamics in Vietnam 2002-2006 Abstract This paper shows the evolution of poverty

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

300

International Market Opportunities in Bioenergy: Leveraging U.S. Government Resources  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Breakout Session 3C—Fostering Technology Adoption III: International Market Opportunities in Bioenergy International Market Opportunities in Bioenergy: Leveraging U.S. Government Resources Cora Dickson, Senior International Trade Specialist, Office of Energy and Environmental Industries, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Green Industrial Policy: Trade and Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Papers Year 2012 Paper 1126 Green Industrial Policy: Trade© 2012 by author(s). Green Industrial Policy: Trade andreality and the potential for green indus- trial policy. We

Karp, Larry; Stevenson, Megan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis, Options and Trade...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Analysis, Options and Trade-offs, Transition and Long-term Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis, Options and Trade-offs, Transition and Long-term Presentation on Hydrogen...

303

Potential Energy Savings and CO2 Emissions Reduction of China's Cement Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

goal to reduce its carbon intensity (CO2 emissions per unitmeet the national carbon intensity reduction target, China’sthe leakage issue of carbon intensity targets with trade

Ke, Jing

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

E-Print Network 3.0 - aggregation-induced enhanced emission Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Roundtable Moderator: Tom Sparrow, Purdue University Summary: affected by emissions trading regulations related to climate change: Duke Power, Caterpillar, and BP. Some......

305

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced emissions control Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Center Collection: Engineering ; Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 20 7Emissions Trading Workshop Summary Report Discussion Synthesis Summary: traditional command and...

306

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced emission controls Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Center Collection: Engineering ; Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 20 7Emissions Trading Workshop Summary Report Discussion Synthesis Summary: traditional command and...

307

Gas Turbine Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

technology developers and electric utilities will share emissions reductions in the coming era of pollution allowance trading is becoming prominent on the agendas of strategic planners at technology vendors and the electric power industry ??? ? (1...., "Authority to Construct for Badger Creek Limited," Kern County Air Pollution Control District, Bakersfield.. Ca., June 20, 1989. 3) Wark, K. and Warner, C. F., Air Pollution - Its Origin and Control, Harper and Row, New York, New York, 1976, pp. 453...

Frederick, J. D.

308

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This monthly publication provides current international oil data. The Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the OECD. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries.

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Rising College Premiums in Mexico: How Important Is Trade?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

trade and investment liberalisation, …nancial crisis, andR. , 2000. Trade liberalisation and wage inequality: Lessons

Mehta, Aashish; Acuna, Belinda

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Limiting net greenhouse gas emissions in the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1988, Congress requested that DOE produce a study on carbon dioxide inventory and policy to provide an inventory of emissions sources and to analyze policies to achieve a 20% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions in 5 to 10 years and a 50% reduction in 15 to 20 years. Energy and environmental technology data were analyzed using computational analysis models. This information was then evaluated, drawing on current scientific understanding of global climate change, the possible consequences of anthropogenic climate change (change caused by human activity) and the relationship between energy production and use and the emission of radiatively important gases. Topics discussed include: state of the science in estimating atmosphere/climate change relationships, the potential consequences of atmosphere/climate change, us greenhouse emissions past and present, an approach to analyzing the technical potential and cost of reducing US energy-related greenhouse gas emissions, current policy base and National Energy Strategy actions, fiscal instruments, regulatory instruments, combined strategies and instruments, macroeconomic impacts, carbon taxation and international trade, a comparison to other studies.

Bradley, R A; Watts, E C; Williams, E R [eds.] [eds.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Endogenous trade protection under regional trade agreements: the Andean case  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, by the owners of the production factors. The trade policy will result from the maximization of the 8 government?s objective function, which explicitly includes a trade off between the two arguments described above... found slight evidence supporting the status quo model, as they found that the fifth lag of the tariff turned out to have a positive significant coefficient, implying that current tariff levels were a relevant factor in determining any...

Sanchez Bizot, Gustavo

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

312

Microwave-Assisted Ignition for Improved Internal Combustion Engine Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

internal combustion engine applications. Advanced engines can achieve higher efficiencies and reduced emissions

DeFilippo, Anthony Cesar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

International Flooring Conference 26 March 2009, Changzhou, China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Flooring Conference 26 March 2009, Changzhou, China Global Trade of Wood Products;International Flooring Conference 26 March 2009, Changzhou, China Subjects I. Overview of developments II 26 March 2009, Changzhou, China Acknowledgements · China National Forest Products Industry

314

EVALUATION OF INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE ARCHITECTURES USING A COMPUTABLE GENERAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EVALUATION OF INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE ARCHITECTURES USING A COMPUTABLE GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM of Thesis: Evaluation of International Climate Change Architectures Using a Computable General Equilibrium change architecture; computable general equilibrium model; energy-economy model; cap-and-trade system #12

315

NAIHC Convention and Trade Show  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The National American Indian Housing Council's (NAIHC) most longstanding Annual Event, the 39th Annual NAIHC Convention and Trade Show is an opportunity to learn about tribal housing, attend...

316

Securities trading of concepts (STOC)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Identifying winning new product concepts can be a challenging process that requires insight into private consumer preferences. To measure consumer preferences for new product concepts, the authors apply a “securities trading ...

Dahan, Ely

317

NIST Standards in Trade Workshops Increase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NIST Standards in Trade Workshops Increase Trade Opportunities and Exports for U.S. Industry Since 1995, U.S. industry has looked to the NIST Standards in Trade (SIT) Workshop Program to provide opportunities for cooperation on topics related to standards, conformity assessment and trade that are important

318

Applying the gravity approach to sector trade: Who bears the trade costs?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, France Financial support received by the "New Issues in Agricultural, Food and Bio-energy TradeApplying the gravity approach to sector trade: Who bears the trade costs? Angela CHEPTEA, Alexandre to sector trade: Who bears the trade costs? Angela CHEPTEA INRA, UMR1302 SMART, F-35000 Rennes, France

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

319

Auxiliary Material Table S1 Description of five emission categories of NEI.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

estimate from NONROADb model for internal combustion engine emissions railroad equipment, construction Washington International Airport. Figure S7. Case studie

Meskhidze, Nicholas

320

What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motor Vehicle Growth, Oil Demand and CO2 Emissions through61 4.3.2 Crude Oil Demand and TradeMotor Vehicle Growth, Oil Demand and CO2 Emissions through

G. Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Globalization and standards : the liberalization of trade and the potential for a regulatory race to the top  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Globalization is changing the way in which the world is organized. The world trade regime is increasingly the dominant mode of organizing international relations. Within this context of globalization and liberalization of ...

Cameron, Diane (Melissa Jessica Diane)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Petroleum Statistics Report is a monthly publication that provides current international oil data. This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world, in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries.

NONE

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

A Comparison of Amplitude-Based and Phase-Based Positron Emission Tomography Gating Algorithms for Segmentation of Internal Target Volumes of Tumors Subject to Respiratory Motion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To quantitatively compare the accuracy of tumor volume segmentation in amplitude-based and phase-based respiratory gating algorithms in respiratory-correlated positron emission tomography (PET). Methods and Materials: List-mode fluorodeoxyglucose-PET data was acquired for 10 patients with a total of 12 fluorodeoxyglucose-avid tumors and 9 lymph nodes. Additionally, a phantom experiment was performed in which 4 plastic butyrate spheres with inner diameters ranging from 1 to 4 cm were imaged as they underwent 1-dimensional motion based on 2 measured patient breathing trajectories. PET list-mode data were gated into 8 bins using 2 amplitude-based (equal amplitude bins [A1] and equal counts per bin [A2]) and 2 temporal phase-based gating algorithms. Gated images were segmented using a commercially available gradient-based technique and a fixed 40% threshold of maximum uptake. Internal target volumes (ITVs) were generated by taking the union of all 8 contours per gated image. Segmented phantom ITVs were compared with their respective ground-truth ITVs, defined as the volume subtended by the tumor model positions covering 99% of breathing amplitude. Superior-inferior distances between sphere centroids in the end-inhale and end-exhale phases were also calculated. Results: Tumor ITVs from amplitude-based methods were significantly larger than those from temporal-based techniques (P=.002). For lymph nodes, A2 resulted in ITVs that were significantly larger than either of the temporal-based techniques (P<.0323). A1 produced the largest and most accurate ITVs for spheres with diameters of ?2 cm (P=.002). No significant difference was shown between algorithms in the 1-cm sphere data set. For phantom spheres, amplitude-based methods recovered an average of 9.5% more motion displacement than temporal-based methods under regular breathing conditions and an average of 45.7% more in the presence of baseline drift (P<.001). Conclusions: Target volumes in images generated from amplitude-based gating are larger and more accurate, at levels that are potentially clinically significant, compared with those from temporal phase-based gating.

Jani, Shyam S., E-mail: sjani@mednet.ucla.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California (United States); Robinson, Clifford G. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Siteman Cancer Center, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri (United States); Dahlbom, Magnus [Department of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California (United States); White, Benjamin M.; Thomas, David H.; Gaudio, Sergio; Low, Daniel A.; Lamb, James M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California (United States)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Commercial marine vessel contributions to emission inventories. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 require the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to conduct a survey of emissions from combustion engines associates with non-road vehicles and stationary sources. Among the emission source categories under scrutiny of the EPA are commercial marine vessels. This group of sources includes revenue vessels operated on US ports and waterways in such diverse pursuits as international and domestic trade, port and ship service, offshore and coastal industry, and passenger transport. For the purposes of the study, EPA is assessing commercial marine vessel operations at selected ports around the country which are characterized by a high level of commercial marine vessel activity. Booz-Allen has been retained by the EPA to assist in developing emission inventories from marine vessels for up to six ports, based on vessel arrival/departure data, are believed to exhibit high levels of marine generated emissions. Booz-Allen developed a listing of the top 20 major ports in terms of total vessel activity (as measured by annual tonnage of cargo and annual vessel calls).

Not Available

1991-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

325

Optimal Production Policy under the Carbon Emission Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal Production Policy under the Carbon Emission Market Radoin Belaouar Arash Fahim Nizar Touzi than what she used to do before the existence of the emission market. Key words: EU ETS, Carbon ETS) which provides a way to control the emission of CO2 within carbon polluters through trading

326

From Trade-to-Trade in US Treasuries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will use small limit orders to search for trading counter parties. Once they have identified a dealer who has indicated a willingness to trade, they will enter into quantity negotiations, i.e. a workup will take place. This process affords greater anonymity... the dataset and characterises the data in terms of transaction size, intensity and workups. A comprehensive examination of the data is undertaken and the analysis suggests that the information content of news arrival, volume and workup time each have a role...

Dungey, Mardi; Henry, Olan; McKenzie, Michael

327

The relationship between wheat self-sufficiency and national wheat trade policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of self- sufficiency in wheat. Trade-restrictive policies such as tariffs, quotas and price support programs have been enacted by most gov- ernments. In 1976-1977, for example, less than five percent of the wheat traded internationally was imported...-demand conditions with production quotas and price support programs. It also sets standards of product differentiation (grading), determines ease of entry into the market by issuing licenses, and affects cost structures through credit and other reg- ulations...

Maurer, Alan Borman

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

The Clean Development Mechanism and CER Price Formation in the Carbon Emission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Clean Development Mechanism and CER Price Formation in the Carbon Emission Markets Ren such as the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) and offset certificates such as CERs generated within historically. Keywords. Environmental risk, energy economics, cap-and-trade, carbon mar- kets, Kyoto protocol

Carmona, Rene

329

Risk-Neutral Models for Emission Allowance Prices and Option Valuation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

liquidity of trading on futures contracts on CO2 emissions allowances, led naturally to the next step. For this reason, market-based mechanisms for emission reduction are supposed to yield pollution control of CO2 equivalent, the short end of the curve being clearly the most actively traded. In this work, we

Carmona, Rene

330

Documents de Travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Emissions Trading Scheme and European Emissions Trading Scheme : what linkages ? Natacha RAFFIN, Katheline SCHUBERT 2007.40 #12;International Emissions Trading Scheme and European Emissions Trading Scheme. Keywords: Kyoto Protocol, EU-ETS, co-existence of domestic and interna- tional emissions trading systems

Boyer, Edmond

331

Essays on Trade and Production Sharing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

content, the bilateral VAX ratio of China-U.S. trade is: vaillustrates that the bilateral VAX ratio removes both theTherefore, the bilateral VAX ratio for Japan-U.S. trade is

Noguera, Guillermo Marcelo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Essays on trades and security prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis consists of three chapters that investigate the complex relation between security prices and trades of market participants. In the first chapter, I study the evolution of stock prices after trades with different ...

Obizhaeva, Anna

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Food sovereignty and agricultural trade policy commitments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Agricultural, Food and Bioenergy Trade (AGFOODTRADE)" (Grant Agreement No. 212036) research project, funded production with enough barrier protection to shelter it from world price fluctuations and unfair trading

Boyer, Edmond

334

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a heat pump cooling system, thereby alleviating peak electricity consumption and associated emissions substituting for banned fluorocarbon refrigerants, coping with carbon costing and reducing water consumptionINTERNATIONAL ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT FOUNDATION Computational Fluid Dynamics Modeling

335

Energy trading and information systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document contains reports which were presented at the meeting on Energy Trading and Information Systems. Topics were concerned with the importance and use of information systems to the natural gas industry. Individual papers have been processed separately for the United States Department of Energy databases.

NONE

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

336

IATP | Trade Observatory | Headlines q What's new  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

towards the elimination of tariffs, non-tariff barriers, and putting in place more effective trade rules

337

China's forest products trade falls nearly 18% China's forest products trade falls nearly 18%  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China's forest products trade falls nearly 18% China's forest products trade falls nearly 18% 11/08/2009 - 09:05 According to China's latest Customs statistics, foreign trade of China's forest products in the first five months showed a year-on-year general downturn. The total value of foreign trade of China

338

MERCOSUR-European Union Trade: How Important is EU Trade Liberalisation for MERCOSUR's  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MERCOSUR-European Union Trade: How Important is EU Trade Liberalisation for MERCOSUR's Exports: + 34 - 964 - 72 86 16 1 #12;MERCOSUR-European Union Trade: How Important is EU Trade Liberalisation's exports' growth potential in a liberalised EU market. A sectoral study is considered indispensable since

Krivobokova, Tatyana

339

The Kyoto-Marrakech System: a Strategic Assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

............................................................................................................... 20 4. Modalities for restraining international emissions trading and raising prices..... 21 4

340

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the OECD. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world, presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production, oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries.

Not Available

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is a monthly publication which provides current data on international oil production,demand,imports and stocks. This report has four sections which contain time series data on world oil production and oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Also included is oil supply/demand balance information for the world, and data on oil imports and trade by OECD countries.

NONE

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Biosafety or trade barrier? Japan's tenuous trade with California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and South Korea also have Uruguay Round commitments that areimports. During the 1994 Uruguay Round of international

Mulvaney, Dustin R; Krupnik, Timothy J; Koffler, Kaden B

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Carbon offsets as a cost containment instrument : a case study of reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon offset is one type of flexibility mechanism in greenhouse gas emission trading schemes that helps nations meet their emission commitments at lower costs. Carbon offsets take advantage of lower abatement cost ...

Kim, Jieun, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Research Summary The EU Emissions Trading System: Opportunities for Forests?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is currently the world's largest carbon market. It does not cover carbon sequestration by forests at present. Although the EU ETS does not currently cover forestry carbon sequestration and there is no indication. o Consider potential opportunities associated with the EU ETS and carbon sequestration that may

345

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Impacts of Liberalizing Trade in Environmental  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power BasicsGermany: Energy ResourcesNews Home > BlogsPurchasing JumpGoods |

346

Implementing a time- and location-differentiated cap-and-trade program : flexible nitrogen oxide abatement from power plants in the eastern United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studies suggest that timing and location of emissions can change the amount of ozone formed from a given amount of nitrogen oxide (NOx) by a factor of five (Mauzerall et al. 2005). Yet existing NOx cap-and-trade programs ...

Martin, Katherine C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

INTERNATIONAL International Internship for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS International Internship for Global Leadership Program Student Portugal ­ Laura Sieger Ukraine ­ Mary Brune 2012 Internship Locations #12;Dear Friends and Colleagues of Lehigh University: The International Internship for Global Leadership Program provides Lehigh students

Napier, Terrence

348

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is a monthly publication that provides current international oil data. The Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the OECD. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand and trade in OECD countries.

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

China's Energy and Carbon Emissions Outlook to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

43 International trends in CO2 emissions and GDP per capita,53 Figure 62 Transport CO2 Emission Reduction under AIS by54 Figure 63 AIS EV Change in CO2 Emissions Relative to

Zhou, Nan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Harvard Institute for International Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Progress of Policy Reform and Variations in Performance at the Sub-National Level in India Nirupam Bajpai; trade and exchange rate policy; industrial policy; foreign investment policy and so on, India's stateHarvard Institute for International Development HARVARD UNIVERSITY The Progress of Policy Reform

351

Economics of pollution trading for SO{sub 2} and NOx  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For years economists have urged policymakers to use market-based approaches such as cap-and-trade programs or emission taxes to control pollution. The sulphur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) allowance market created by Title IV of the 1990 US Clean Air Act Amendments represents the first real test of the wisdom of economists' advice. Subsequent urban and regional applications of NOx emission allowance trading took shape in the 1990s in the United States, culminating in a second large experiment in emission trading in the eastern United States that began in 2003. This paper provides an overview of the economic rationale for emission trading and a description of the major US programs for SO{sub 2} and nitrogen oxides. These programs are evaluated along measures of performance including cost savings, environmental integrity, and incentives for technological innovation. The authors offer lessons for the design of future programs including, most importantly, those reducing carbon dioxide. 128 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

Dallas Burtraw; David A. Evans; Alan Krupnick; Karen Palmer; Russell Toth

2005-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

352

Cap-and-Trade Climate Policies with Price-Regulated Industries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of electricity production--comprising all 16,891 electric- ity generators in the contiguous U.S.--in a multi-and-trade allowance allocation designs in a model of the U.S. economy where price-regulated electric utilities generate 30% of total CO2 emissions. Our empir- ical model embeds a generator-level description

353

E-Print Network 3.0 - ambitious climate agreements Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and testing different architectures of international climate agreements and emissions trading... 45 P 4.1 CITEL Climate change and international trade from an economic and...

354

Trade balance instability and the optimal exchange rate regime: The case of OPEC countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The OPEC members have experienced wide fluctuations in their trade balances. This can be attributed to several factors: (1) heavy dependence of national income and export earnings on a single primary export-oil; (2) instability of price and world demand for oil; and (3) the exchange rate regime practiced in recent years. An exchange rate policy can be used to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance, given the changes in exchange rates of major international currencies. The purpose of this study is two fold; first, examine the effects of fluctuations in trade balance on the OPEC economies, and second, propose appropriate exchange rate regime for selected OPEC members. The study is divided into two parts. The first part demonstrates the impact of trade balance changes on national income and other macroeconomic variables using a Keynesian framework. The second part involves using conventional trade models to search for the appropriate exchange rate regime to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance of each selective country. The study's findings are: first, fluctuations in trade balances had negative effects on the economics of Algeria, Kuwait, Libya, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Second, the current exchange rate regime of no sample country is optimal in minimizing trade balance fluctuations. Third, in contrast to expectations, U.S. dollar peg did not stabilize the trade balance of any OPEC member. Finally, the results show that the sample OPEC economies could have enjoyed faster - though with different degree - economic growth if they had pegged their currencies to the derived optimal exchange rate regime. These optimal exchange rate regimes are: the SDR for Algeria and the United Arab Emirates, the purchasing power parity for Libya and Saudi Arabia, and the real Yen for Kuwait.

Aljerrah, M.A.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Services trade liberalisation and patterns of trade in intermediates: determinants, comparative advantage and intra-firm trade.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This dissertation consists of four chapters, which are self-contained and can be read independently of each other. In Chapter 1, we analyse services trade liberalisation,… (more)

Lanz, Rainer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

ORIGINAL PAPER Wildlife across our borders: a review of the illegal trade in Australia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL PAPER Wildlife across our borders: a review of the illegal trade in Australia Erika Alacs* and Arthur Georges Institute for Applied Ecology, University of Canberra, Canberra, Australia Australian flora and fauna are highly sought for the international black market in wildlife. Within Australia

Canberra, University of

357

Journal of Health Economics 25 (2006) 538554 Does trade affect child health?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the economy, trade's benefits either do not trickle down to most citizens or are outweighed by its costs. In this paper, we ask whether openness to the international economy affects children's health. This question goes to the center of the debate about globalization. Children's health is an important end in its own

Sjölander, Kimmen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Design of Environmental Regulatory Policies for Sustainable Emission Reduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

regulations to reduce and control pollution. This article will contrast three different types of regulations for lowering air emissions from industry: Command-and-control policy, environmental tax, and emission trading on establishing legal limits on the permissible amount of pollutants discharged to the atmosphere, ambient air

Linninger, Andreas A.

359

Alternative Trading Arrangements for Intermittent Renewable Power...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Intermittent Renewable Power: A Centralised Renewables Market and Other Concepts Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Alternative Trading Arrangements for...

360

Certification and Regulation of Trade in Biofuels.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The recent increase in biofuel production and trade has raised concerns about environmental and other impacts, and has prompted some governments to initiate measures to… (more)

Thomson, Vivien

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

U.S. Timber Production, Trade, Consumption,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Technology Assessment Unit at the Forest Products Laboratory. Chris McKeever created computer files managers, forest industries, trade associations, forestry schools, renewable resource organizations

Laughlin, Robert B.

362

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Petroleum Statistics Report is a monthly publication that provides current international oil data. This report is published for the use of Members of Congress, Federal agencies, State agencies, industry, and the general public. Publication of this report is in keeping with responsibilities given the Energy Information Administration in Public Law 95-91. The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1985 through 1995.

NONE

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Commercial Norms, Commercial Codes, and International Commercial Arbitration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The article defends the incorporation of commercial norms into commercial codes, through provisions such as statute 1-205 of the Uniform Commercial Code. It finds significant reliance on trade usages in international ...

Drahozal, Christopher R.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Implications of Qualitative Restrictions in International Agricultural Trade.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will be in autarky after implementing the hormone ban. The price in the EC will rise from P w to PEC ' Producer surplus increases by area "A' while consumer surplus falls by area '~ + B." (See Appendix for definitions of producer and consumer surplus.) Area "B... estimates be tween - 2.80 and - 3.60. By limiting the quantity available in the EC, the hor mone ban will lead to an increase in price (to PEC in Figure 1) and changes in producer and consumer surplus. To measure these effects, it is necessary to know...

Peterson, E. Wesley F.; Henry, Guy; Paggi, Mechel

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Mobility and information flows in international trade and investment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.3.1 An econometric model of multinational spillovers 1.43.4.2 An econometric model of migration with self-selectionat the worker-level. An econometric model of multinational

Poole, Jennifer Pamela

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Essays on International Trade and Firm Business Strategies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the payment of additional sunk costs to import foreigninputs after …rms have paid sunk costs to participate asWith …xed costs already sunk by two way traders, the lower

Nakhoda, Aadil

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Paying a Visit: The Dalai Lama Effect on International Trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the Office of the Dalai Lama. This definition also includes regional leaders, party leaders, ex-presidents, ambassadors and scientists, among others. A detailed overview on the various definitions of the Dalai Lama dummy is provided in Table A1...

Fuchs, Andreas; Klann, Nils-Hendrik

2011-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

368

World production, consumption and international trade of rice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-term loans. Co-operative organizations also play a very important part 1n financ- ing agriculture. In the East, Japan has developed this system quite satisfactorily. The oo-operative, organized on a village basis, provides loans in cash and 1n kind... heavy burden on the agrarian population. The village money-landers are a curse in disguise in many oases. These money-lendsrs are ths only source of credit in times of pestilence and need in countries uhere the farm fi+nce system is not adequately...

Khan, Anwaruzzaman

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

International Electricity Trade - Open Access | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA,Fermi NationalBusinessDepartment ofEnergy as PreparedIn 1982DOE has

370

North America: Regulation of International Electricity Trade | Department  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartment of Energy Advanced Framing -Nissan: ISO 50001 -5Energyof

371

Advisement Check Sheet B.S. in INTERNATIONAL TRADE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3230 2 HLTH 1520 3 FORL 3000 level 3 Env. Science with lab (Area D2) 3 Business Core #1A 3 FORL 3000#____________________________ Begin Term Date_____________________ Advisor______________________________ AREA A - Essential Skills 9 Hrs. *ENGL 1101 Composition I 3 *ENGL 1102 Composition II 3 MATH 1111, 1112, 1113, *1441 3 AREA B

Hutcheon, James M.

372

International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories on climate compatible developmentClimate Governance Jump

373

ZEN International Production and Trade bvba | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative JumpWilliamsonWoodsonCounty is aYoakumYu Energy CorpYumaZAP LatinEagaZEN

374

International energy outlook 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Energy Outlook 1994 (IEO94) presents an assessment by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the outlook for international energy markets between 1990 and 2010. The report is provided as a statistical service to assist energy managers and analysts, both in government and in the private sector. These forecasts are used by international agencies, Federal and State governments, trade associations, and other planners and decisionmakers. They are published pursuant to the Depart. of Energy Organization Act of 1977 (Public Law 95-91), Section 205(c). The IEO94 projections are based on US and foreign government policies in effect on October 1, 1993-which means that provisions of the Climate Change Action Plan unveiled by the Administration in mid-October are not reflected by the US projections.

Not Available

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Oil Trading Simon Basey / November 28, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. A hurricane develops in the Gulf of Mexico and threatens to shut in crude production. d. New data indicatesOil Trading Simon Basey / November 28, 2013 #12;2 What does IST do? Imports crude oil and other Markets BP's equity crude oil, NGLs and natural gas Generates entrepreneurial trading income Manages BP

Sheldon, Nathan D.

376

Port Royal, Jamaica, and the slave trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the eighteenth century in the Florida Keys, Henrietta Marie had just quit Port Royal after off-loading her human cargo. The artifact collection of shackles, ship's equipment and trade goods represents the trappings of the maritime slave trade. Particularly...

Johnson, David A

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

The Economics of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as well as a trade-o? between energy and food. We alsogood, including energy, increases with trade. For givena?ect energy and food prices and patterns of trade. 2 In

Hochman, Gal; Sexton, Steven; Zilberman, David D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

The Export Question: Designing Policy for British Columbia Electricity Trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Export Question: Designing Policy for British Columbia Electricity Trade Dr. George Hoberg..........................................................................................................................................5 2 BC's Electricity Trade Picture: Context and Trends........................................................................6 2.1 How electricity trading works

Pedersen, Tom

379

On fair pricing of emission-related derivatives National University of Singapore  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On fair pricing of emission-related derivatives Juri Hinz National University of Singapore of such derivatives. Key words: environmental risk, energy economics, emission trading, emis- sion derivatives 1 #12 emissions and adjust allowance positions. In the following sections, we address the problem of fair pricing

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

380

Unintended Consequences of Transportation Carbon Policies: Land-Use, Emissions, and Innovation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract Renewable fuel standards, low carbon fuel standards, and ethanol subsidies are popular policies to incentivize ethanol production and reduce emissions from transportation. Compared to carbon trading standard (LCFS) and ethanol subsidies have similar effects while costs under an equivalent cap and trade

Rothman, Daniel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

ENERGY CONTENT OF WORLD TRADE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper constructs a comprehensive dataset of oil and total energy embedded in world trade of manufacturing goods for 73 countries from 1978 to 2000. Applying the data to debates on the dependency on foreign energy sources makes clear that achieving complete energy independence in the foreseeable future is unlikely to be feasible and may not be desirable. Applying it to the discussion of environmental Kuznets curves (EKCs) highlights an important distinction between production and consumption of energy. Richer countries use relatively less energy in their industrial production yet still consume relatively large amounts of energy indirectly. A further investigation largely excludes structural shifts of production in and out of the manufacturing sector as an explanation for the downward-sloping portion of the EKC. Country-level analyses add caveats but show tentative support for the cross-country conclusions.

Gernot Wagner

382

DOE Proposes New Rules to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information DOE Proposes New Rules to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information March 8, 2011 - 5:26pm Addthis The...

383

DOE Finalizes New Rule to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information DOE Finalizes New Rule to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information May 5, 2011 - 4:55pm Addthis The...

384

High Performance Home Cost Performance Trade-Offs: Production...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

High Performance Home Cost Performance Trade-Offs: Production Builders - Building America Top Innovation High Performance Home Cost Performance Trade-Offs: Production Builders -...

385

Energy-Focused Trade Mission Will Yield Positive Effects for...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

trade mission focused on connecting U.S. businesses with opportunities in the green infrastructure and energy efficiency industries. This trade mission will promote...

386

Impacts of reducing shipboard NOx? and SOx? emissions on vessel performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The international maritime community has been experiencing tremendous pressures from environmental organizations to reduce the emissions footprint of their vessels. In the last decade, air emissions, including nitrogen ...

Caputo, Ronald J., Jr. (Ronald Joseph)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Petroleum Statistics Report is a monthly publication that provides current international data. The report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent 12 months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1996; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1996; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996.

NONE

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Incentive-based approaches for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions : issues and prospects for India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As a consequence of the flexibility mechanisms incorporated in the Kyoto Protocol, incentive-based policies such as emissions trading and the clean development mechanism are being widely discussed in the context of greenhouse ...

Gupta, Shreekant.

389

E-Print Network 3.0 - airforce aircraft emissions Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

U.S. EPA Clean Air Act ICAO CAEP FAA Aircraft Noise... trails radiative forcing emissions trading alternative fuels The student will be able to perform... the following: a....

390

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This monthly publication provides international oil data for January 1998. The report presents data on oil production, demand, imports, and stocks in four sections. Section 1 containes time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. Section 4 containes annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries.

NONE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

International energy annual 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Energy Annual presents information and trends on world energy production and consumption for petroleum, natural gas, coal, and electricity. Production and consumption data are reported in standard units as well as British thermal units (Btu). Trade and reserves are shown for petroleum, natural gas, and coal. Data are provided on crude oil refining capacity and electricity installed capacity by type. Prices are included for selected crude oils and for refined petroleum products in selected countries. Population and Gross Domestic Product data are also provided.

NONE

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Systemic trade-risk of critical resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the wake of the 2008 financial crisis the role of strongly interconnected markets in fostering systemic instability has been increasingly acknowledged. Trade networks of commodities are susceptible to deleterious cascades of supply shocks that increase systemic trade-risks and pose a threat to geopolitical stability. On a global and a regional level we show that supply risk, scarcity, and price volatility of non-fuel mineral resources are intricately connected with the structure of the world-trade network of or spanned by these resources. On the global level we demonstrate that the scarcity of a resource, as measured by its trade volume compared to extractable reserves, is closely related to the susceptibility of the trade network with respect to cascading shocks. On the regional level we find that to some extent the region-specific price volatility and supply risk can be understood by centrality measures that capture systemic trade-risk. The resources associated with the highest systemic trade-risk indica...

Klimek, Peter; Thurner, Stefan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Combined Waste Form Cost Trade Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new generation of aqueous nuclear fuel reprocessing, now in development under the auspices of the DOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), separates fuel into several fractions, thereby partitioning the wastes into groups of common chemistry. This technology advance enables development of waste management strategies that were not conceivable with simple PUREX reprocessing. Conventional wisdom suggests minimizing high level waste (HLW) volume is desirable, but logical extrapolation of this concept suggests that at some point the cost of reducing volume further will reach a point of diminishing return and may cease to be cost-effective. This report summarizes an evaluation considering three groupings of wastes in terms of cost-benefit for the reprocessing system. Internationally, the typical waste form for HLW from the PUREX process is borosilicate glass containing waste elements as oxides. Unfortunately several fission products (primarily Mo and the noble metals Ru, Rh, Pd) have limited solubility in glass, yielding relatively low waste loading, producing more glass, and greater disposal costs. Advanced separations allow matching the waste form to waste stream chemistry, allowing the disposal system to achieve more optimum waste loading with improved performance. Metals can be segregated from oxides and each can be stabilized in forms to minimize the HLW volume for repository disposal. Thus, a more efficient waste management system making the most effective use of advanced waste forms and disposal design for each waste is enabled by advanced separations and how the waste streams are combined. This trade-study was designed to juxtapose a combined waste form baseline waste treatment scheme with two options and to evaluate the cost-benefit using available data from the conceptual design studies supported by DOE-NE.

Dirk Gombert; Steve Piet; Timothy Trickel; Joe Carter; John Vienna; Bill Ebert; Gretchen Matthern

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Heat Management Strategy Trade Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Heat Management Trade Study was performed in 2008-2009 to expand on prior studies in continued efforts to analyze and evaluate options for cost-effectively managing SNF reprocessing wastes. The primary objective was to develop a simplified cost/benefit evaluation for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) reprocessing that combines the characteristics of the waste generated through reprocessing with the impacts of the waste on heating the repository. Under consideration were age of the SNF prior to reprocessing, plutonium and minor actinide (MA) separation from the spent fuel for recycle, fuel value of the recycled Pu and MA, age of the remaining spent fuel waste prior to emplacement in the repository, length of time that active ventilation is employed in the repository, and elemental concentration and heat limits for acceptable glass waste form durability. A secondary objective was to identify and qualitatively analyze remaining issues such as (a) impacts of aging SNF prior to reprocessing on the fuel value of the recovered fissile materials, and (b) impact of reprocessing on the dose risk as developed in the Yucca Mountain Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA). Results of this study can be used to evaluate different options for managing decay heat in waste streams from spent nuclear fuel.

Nick Soelberg; Steve Priebe; Dirk Gombert; Ted Bauer

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

PhD or Masters scholarship to undertake research on the Impact of carbon trading on plantation forestry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forestry A PhD or Masters scholarship is available from the School of Forestry at the University forestry. The Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) has the potential to have a major impact on plantation forestry in New Zealand including · Profitability and risk · Whether to harvest and when to harvest

Hickman, Mark

396

Rick arbitrage : analysis and trading systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis we quantify the risk arbitrage investment process and create trading strategies that generate positive risk-adjusted returns. We use a sample of 895 stock swap mergers, cash mergers, and cash tender offers ...

Naheta, Akshay, 1981-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Climate policy and dependence on traded carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

imported products or fossil fuels are more exposed to energytrade in carbon (as fossil fuels and also embodied inWithin this, trade in fossil fuels was larger (10.8 GtCO 2

Andrew, Robbie M; Davis, Steven J; Peters, Glen P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

An empirical analysis of quantitative trading strategies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Along with the increasing computing power, growing availability of various data streams, introduction of the electronic exchanges, decreasing trading costs and heating-up competition in financial investment industry, ...

Aiuchi, Masaharu

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Electric trade in the United States 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wholesale trade in electricity plays an important role for the US electric utility industry. Wholesale, or bulk power, transactions allow electric utilities to reduce power costs, increase power supply options, and improve reliability. In 1994, the wholesale trade market totaled 1.9 trillion kilowatthours, about 66% of total sales to ultimate consumers. This publication, Electric Trade in the United States 1994 (ELECTRA), is the fifth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1994.

NONE

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Trade Pattern and Economic Development when Endogenous  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trade Pattern and Economic Development when Endogenous and Exogenous Comparative Advantages Coexist Pattern and Economic Development when Endogenous and Exogenous Comparative Advantages Coexist Jeffrey disappears. Two types of dual structure may occur in the transitional stage of economic development

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Promoting Sustainable Bioenergy Production and Trade Issue Paper No. 17  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and Trade Policy 4.3 Energy Crops Scheme 20 4.4 Sugar, wine, rye ... 21 4.5 Pillar 2 22 5. IMPORT, and Trade Policy ICTSD Global Platform on Climate Change, Trade Policies and Sustainable Energy #12;#12;June Manager of the Global Platform on Climate Change, Trade Policies and Sustainable Energy: Marie Chamay

402

International energy annual 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Energy Annual presents an overview of key international energy trends for production, consumption, imports, and exports of primary energy commodities in over 220 countries, dependencies, and areas of special sovereignty. Also included are population and gross domestic product data, as well as prices for crude oil and petroleum products in selected countries. Renewable energy reported in the International Energy Annual includes hydroelectric power, geothermal, solar, and wind electric power, biofuels energy for the US, and biofuels electric power for Brazil. New in the 1996 edition are estimates of carbon dioxide emissions from the consumption of petroleum and coal, and the consumption and flaring of natural gas. 72 tabs.

NONE

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Trade liberalisation in Zambia : popular discourses on trade liberalisation in Zambia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The aim of this study is to analyse the discourses on trade liberalization in Zambia. In 1991, the Zambian government embarked on a series of… (more)

Kaira, Wezi

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Momentum Trading and Limits to Arbitrage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MOMENTUM TRADING AND LIMITS TO ARBITRAGE A Dissertation by WILLIAM JOSEPH ARMSTRONG Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2012... Major Subject: Finance MOMENTUM TRADING AND LIMITS TO ARBITRAGE A Dissertation by WILLIAM JOSEPH ARMSTRONG Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR...

Armstrong, William

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

405

The California Zero-Emission Vehicle Mandate: A Study of the Policy Process, 1990-2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

emission goal cannot be achieved by merely improving the mainstream technology (internal combustion engine),emissions equivalent to a certain, bigger number of hybrid electric vehicles, and because internal combustion engines

Collantes, Gustavo O

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Carbon Trading Protocols for Geologic Sequestration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Union's then limits on CO2 emissions will be conservative inchallenge of achieving CO2 emissions targets without placinga company can reduce CO2 emissions of an operation not

Hoversten, Shanna

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Carbon Trading Protocols for Geologic Sequestration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

expensive, real reduction in CO2 emissions from their ownstored CO2 must create an actual reduction in the emissionsCO2 is instead obtained from geologic formations then the goal of the emission reduction

Hoversten, Shanna

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Organic light emitting device having multiple separate emissive layers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An organic light emitting device having multiple separate emissive layers is provided. Each emissive layer may define an exciton formation region, allowing exciton formation to occur across the entire emissive region. By aligning the energy levels of each emissive layer with the adjacent emissive layers, exciton formation in each layer may be improved. Devices incorporating multiple emissive layers with multiple exciton formation regions may exhibit improved performance, including internal quantum efficiencies of up to 100%.

Forrest, Stephen R. (Ann Arbor, MI)

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

409

Electric trade in the United States, 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wholesale trade in electricity plays an important role for the US electric utility industry. Wholesale, or bulk power, transactions allow electric utilities to reduce power costs, increase power supply options, and improve reliability. In 1996, the wholesale trade market totaled 2.3 trillion kilowatthours, over 73% of total sales to ultimate consumers. This publication, Electric Trade in the United States 1996 (ELECTRA), is the sixth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1996. The electric trade data collected and presented in this report furnish important information on the wholesale structure found within the US electric power industry. The patterns of interutility trade in the report support analyses of wholesale power transactions and provide input for a broader understanding of bulk power market issues that define the emerging national electric energy policies. The report includes information on the quantity of power purchased, sold, exchanged, and wheeled; the geographical locations of transactions and ownership classes involved; and the revenues and costs. 1 fig., 43 tabs.

NONE

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

The Impact of the US Climate Legislation on Trade with China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is primarily why China’s emission ratios are much higher. China’s power grid is generated mostly by CO2 intensive coal, whereas the U.S.’ is generated by largely by natural gas. Steel These ratios are drawn from Price (2002). Price gives a ratio for China... domestic cap-and-trade program will shift manufacturing and its associated emissions to countries that do not yet have comparable greenhouse gas regulations, such as China (Fischer and Morgenstern 2009; Fischer 2007; Ishikawa and Kiyono 2006...

Acuña, Sarah; Akujuobi, Chris; Brigance, Nicholas; Kasper, Brian; Nearburg, Trevor

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994.

NONE

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1084 through 1994.

NONE

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. Word oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1985 through 1995.

NONE

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

The InTernaTIonal leaders Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

assessment ­ Urban planning ­ Natural resources management global economy ­ International trade ­ Human resource development and management ­ Change management ­ Leadership development health ­ Public the potential of its brightest researchers and most promising students, whatever their social or cultural

Viglas, Anastasios

415

(as at 8 March 2004) International Panel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

:30 Travel to the Nuclear Energy Council of South Africa (NECSA) 08:30 - 09:00 Security clearance Report OF PHYSICS IN SOUTH AFRICA 8 - 19 March 2004 #12;Sunday, 7 March 2004 Arrival at Johannesburg International:30 Directors-General: Departments of Education (DOE), Minerals and Energy (DME), Trade and Industry (DTI) Mr

Wild, Marcel

416

Fundamentals of successful monitoring, reporting, and verification under a cap-and-trade program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) developed and implemented the Acid Rain Program (ARP), and NOx Budget Trading Programs (NBTP) using several fundamental monitoring, reporting, and verification (MRV) elements: (1) compliance assurance through incentives and automatic penalties; (2) strong quality assurance (QA); (3) collaborative approach with a petition process; (4) standardized electronic reporting; (5) compliance flexibility for low-emitting sources; (6) complete emissions data record required; (7) centralized administration; (8) level playing field; (9) publicly available data; (10) performance-based approach; and (11) reducing conflicts of interest. Each of these elements is discussed in the context of the authors' experience under two U.S. cap-and-trade programs and their potential application to other cap and-trade programs. The U.S. Office of Management and Budget found that the Acid Rain Program has accounted for the largest quantified human health benefits of any federal regulatory program implemented in the last 10 yr, with annual benefits exceeding costs by {gt} 40 to 1. The authors believe that the elements described in this paper greatly contributed to this success. EPA has used the ARP fundamental elements as a model for other cap-and-trade programs, including the NBTP, which went into effect in 2003, and the recently published Clean Air Interstate Rule and Clean Air Mercury Rule. The authors believe that using these fundamental elements to develop and implement the MRV portion of their cap-and-trade programs has resulted in public confidence in the programs, highly accurate and complete emissions data, and a high compliance rate. 2 refs.

John Schakenbach; Robert Vollaro; Reynaldo Forte [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Atmospheric Programs, Washington, DC (United States)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

417

Bangladesh-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bangladesh-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) AgencyCompany Organization United States Agency for International Development, United States...

418

Thailand-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) AgencyCompany Organization United States Agency for International Development, United States Environmental...

419

The future of U.S. natural gas production, use, and trade Sergey Paltsev a,b,n  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The future of U.S. natural gas production, use, and trade Sergey Paltsev a,b,n , Henry D. Jacoby 19 May 2011 Available online 16 June 2011 Keywords: Natural gas Climate Policy International gas.S. regional detail, are applied to analysis of the future of U.S. natural gas. The focus is on uncertainties

420

Southern thailand coal fired project: Feasibility study. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study, conducted by Black & Veatch International, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. The report addresses various technical, environmental, and economic aspects of developing four 1,000 MW units of coal fired electric generating facilities at a site near Prachuap Khiri Khan. The study includes a cost estimate for the units and the fuel delivery port as well as the major conceptual design decisions made for the project. This volume of the report is the Feasibility Study and is divided into the following sections: (1) Introduction/Summary; (2) Generation Planning Study; (3) Site Selection Study; (4) Project Description; (5) Fuel Resource Assessment; (6) Water Resource Assessment; (7) Technical Information to Support the Environmental Impact Assessment; (8) Plant Conceptual Design; (9) Transmission Interconnection; (10) Project Capital Cost Estimate; (11) Project Schedule; (12) Project Implementation Plan; (13) Project Risk Analysis.

NONE

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Is International Emissions Trading://mit.edu/globalchange/ Printed on recycled paper #12;Is International Emissions Trading Always Beneficial? M. Babikerab , J with the emission targets. However, we show that international emission trading could be welfare decreasing under

422

Over-allocation or abatement? : a preliminary analysis of the EU ETS based on the 2005 emission data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper provides an initial analysis of the EU ETS based on the installation-level data for verified emissions and allowance allocations in the first trading year. Those data, released on May 15, 2006, and subsequent ...

Ellerman, A. Denny

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

The Causes of Trade Globalization: A Political-Economy and World-Systems Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

effect of energy consumption on trade globalization; but notvariables include: trade globalization, energy consumption,Democracy Constant Energy Consumption ? Trade Globalization

Kwon, Roy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Tax and Fiscal Policies for Promotion of Industrial EnergyEfficiency: A Survey of International Experience  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Energy Foundation's China Sustainable Energy Program (CSEP) has undertaken a major project investigating fiscal and tax policy options for stimulating energy efficiency and renewable energy development in China. This report, which is part of the sectoral sub-project studies on energy efficiency in industry, surveys international experience with tax and fiscal policies directed toward increasing investments in energy efficiency in the industrial sector. The report begins with an overview of tax and fiscal policies, including descriptions and evaluations of programs that use energy or energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) taxes, pollution levies, public benefit charges, grants or subsidies, subsidized audits, loans, tax relief for specific technologies, and tax relief as part of an energy or greenhouse gas (GHG) emission tax or agreement scheme. Following the discussion of these individual policies, the report reviews experience with integrated programs found in two countries as well as with GHG emissions trading programs. The report concludes with a discussion of the best practices related to international experience with tax and fiscal policies to encourage investment in energy efficiency in industry.

Price, Lynn; Galitsky, Christina; Sinton, Jonathan; Worrell,Ernst; Graus, Wina

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

425

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emissions Trading: A Laboratory Test Björn Carlén Report No. 96 January 2003 #12;The MIT Joint Program paper #12;Market Power in International Carbon Emissions Trading: A Laboratory Test Björn Carlén in international greenhouse gas emissions trading has led several policy analysts to express concerns that trade

426

International petroleum statistics report, September 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1980, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1992; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1992; and OECD trade from 1982 through 1992. Data for the United States are developed by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) Office of Oil and Gas. Data for other countries are derived largely from published sources including International Energy Agency publications, the EIA International Energy Annual, and the trade press. (See sources after each section). All data are reviewed by the International Statistics Branch of EIA. All data have been converted to units of measurement familiar to the American public. Definitions of oil production and consumption are consistent with other EIA publications.

Not Available

1993-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

427

Further Sensitivity Analysis of Hypothetical Policies to Limit Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This analysis supplements the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 alternative cases which imposed hypothetical carbon dioxide emission fees on fossil fuel consumers. It offers further cases that examine the impacts of fees placed only on the emissions from electric power facilities, impacts of returning potential revenues to consumers, and two cap-and-trade policies.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Trade and Capital Flows: A Financial Frictions Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The classical Heckscher?Ohlin?Mundell paradigm states that trade and capital mobility are substitutes in the sense that trade integration reduces the incentives for capital to flow to capital?scarce countries. In this paper ...

Antràs, Pol

429

Sourcing Flexibility, Spot Trading, and Procurement Contract Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the structure and pricing of option contracts for an industrial good in the presence of spot trading. We combine the analysis of spot trading and buyers' disparate private valuations for different suppliers' ...

Pei, Pamela Pen-Erh

430

DOE GC Joins Customs Service Trade Data System to Strengthen...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Service Trade Data System to Strengthen Enforcement Effort DOE GC Joins Customs Service Trade Data System to Strengthen Enforcement Effort February 14, 2011 - 5:48pm Addthis The...

431

Three empirical essays on trade and development in India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis is a collection of three empirical essays on economic development and trade in India. Chapter 1 uses the sharp trade liberalization in India in the early 1990s, spurred to a large extent by external factors, ...

Topalova, Petia

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Security Trade Control Guidelines for Academic Exchange Agreements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

globalization. Under the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Act (FEFTA), which was put into effect in April 2010 to obtain permission from the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) if any of the technologies

Takada, Shoji

433

How do rms organize trade? Evidence from Ghana Jens Krger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at how rms organize their export trade. If selling directly, sunk costs of foreign market entry, by contrast, may prefer to export through trading companies, which involves lower sunk costs. Using a rm level

Krivobokova, Tatyana

434

The Economics of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

prices. The reason: demand for biofuel increases, and ?rst-The Economics of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment GalThe Economics of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment ? Gal

Hochman, Gal; Sexton, Steven; Zilberman, David D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

agricultural trade liberalizations: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the politics of trade policy-making. However, this dissertation (more) Kim, In Song 2014-01-01 18 A Multilevel Analysis of Agricultural Trade and Socioeconomic Inequality in...

436

agricultural trade liberalization: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the politics of trade policy-making. However, this dissertation (more) Kim, In Song 2014-01-01 18 A Multilevel Analysis of Agricultural Trade and Socioeconomic Inequality in...

437

TRADE nontechnical training programs inventory. Volume I  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a continuing effort to facilitate communications and resource exchange among the DOE contractors, the TRADE (Training Resources and Data Exchange) Committee has compiled this volume. This inventory is one of four inventories, which taken together, total almost 1400 courses and reflect the range and focus of in-house training programs being offered throughout the DOE GOCO system by approximately 50 contractors.

Not Available

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Federal Trade Commission Necesita Crdito o Seguro?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comisión Federal de Comercio (Federal Trade Commission, FTC), la agencia nacional de protección del sus cuentas, es recolecta- da de su informe de crédito. A través de programas estadísticos, los a tiempo y en forma. Algunas compañías de seguros también usan la información en los informes de crédito

439

Electric trade in the United States 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication, Electric Trade in the US 1992 (ELECTRA), is the fourth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Electric Data Systems Branch, Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1992. The electric trade data collected and presented in this report furnish important information on the wholesale structure found within the US electric power industry. The patterns of interutility trade in the report support analyses of wholesale power transactions and provide input for a broader understanding of bulk power market issues that define the emerging national electric energy policies. The report includes information on the quantity of power purchased, sold, exchanged, and wheeled; the geographical locations of transactions and ownership classes involved; and the revenues and costs. Information on the physical transmission system are being included for the first time in this publication. Transmission data covering investor-owned electric utilities were shifted from the Financial Statistics of Selected Investor-Owned Electric Utilities to the ELECTRA publication. Some of the prominent features of this year`s report include information and data not published before on transmission lines for publicly owned utilities and transmission lines added during 1992 by investor-owned electric utilities.

Not Available

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Technology Trade and NAFTA Walter G. Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technology Trade and NAFTA Walter G. Park Associate Professor Department of Economics American 2007 Abstract: This paper evaluates the extent to which technology diffusion among NAFTA countries. To the extent that these provisions influence the incentive to innovate and to transfer technologies

Lansky, Joshua

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Secure Peer-to-Peer Trading for Multiplayer Games  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in multiplayer games. Finally, Bitcoin [10], a digital currency, is directly related to trading since they allow

GauthierDickey, Chris

442

Water Waste Management and Mercury Trading: An Optimization Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with air pollutants has encouraged introduction of effluent trading concept for water pollution control, IL 60208, USA. E-mail: mehrotra@iems.nwu.edu Abstract Effluent trading to manage water pollution based ap- proach to assist decision making in pollutant trading which is beyond heuristics

Hazen, Gordon

443

Six ORNL researchers receive SAE International awards | ornl...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of fuels and internal combustion engines. Szybist investigates effects of fuels on combustion, engine efficiency, and emissions for conventional spark ignition and...

444

Gille-ESYS 10 1 EPA Global Warming: Position Papers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. International Emissions Trading The Kyoto Protocol allows nations with emissions targets to trade greenhouse gas successful beyond expectations. Under an emissions trading regime, countries or companies can purchase less their targets with room to spare). Structured effectively, emissions trading can provide a powerful economic

Gille, Sarah T.

445

Conference on alternatives for pollution control from coal-fired low emission sources, Plzen, Czech Republic. Plzen Proceedings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Conference on Alternatives for Pollution Control from Coal-Fired Emission Sources presented cost-effective approaches for pollution control of low emission sources (LES). It also identified policies and strategies for implementation of pollution control measures at the local level. Plzen, Czech Republic, was chosen as the conference site to show participants first hand the LES problems facing Eastern Europe today. Collectively, these Proceedings contain clear reports on: (a) methods for evaluating the cost effectiveness of alternative approaches to control pollution from small coal-fired boilers and furnaces; (b) cost-effective technologies for controlling pollution from coal-fired boilers and furnaces; (c) case studies of assessment of cost effective pollution control measures for selected cities in eastern Europe; and (d) approaches for actually implementing pollution control measures in cities in Eastern Europe. It is intended that the eastern/central European reader will find in these Proceedings useful measures that can be applied to control emissions and clean the air in his city or region. The conference was sponsored by the United States Agency for International Development (AID), the United States Department of Energy (DOE), and the Czech Ministry of Industry and Trade. Selected papers have been indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

Not Available

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Mexico joins the venture: Joint Implementation and Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Joint Implementation (JI) and its pilot phase of Activities Implemented Jointly (AIJ) are envisioned as an economic way of reducing global emissions of greenhouse gases. This paper draws upon the Mexican experience with AIJ to identify Mexican concerns with AIJ/JI and proposed solutions to these. Three approved Mexican AIJ projects (Ilumex, Scolel Te, and Salicornia) are described in detail. The Ilurnex project promotes the use of compact fluorescent lamps in Mexican homes of the States of Jalisco and Nuevo Leon, to reduce electric demand. Scolel Te is a sustainable forest management project in Chiapas. Salicornia examines the potential for carbon sequestration with a Halophyte-based crop irrigated with saline waters in Sonora. These three projects are reviewed to clarify the issues and concerns that Mexico has with AIJ and JI and propose measures to deal with them. These initial Mexican AIJ projects show that there is a need for creation of standard project evaluation procedures, and criteria and institutions to oversee project design, selection, and implementation. Further JI development will be facilitated by national and international clarification of key issues such as additionality criteria, carbon-credit sharing, and valuation of non-GHG environmental and/or social benefits and impacts for AIJ projects. Mexico is concerned that JI funding could negatively impact official development assistance or that OECD countries will use JI to avoid taking significant GHG mitigation actions in their own countries. The lack of carbon credit trading in the AIJ stage must be removed to provide useful experience on how to share carbon credits. National or international guidelines are needed to ensure that a portion of the carbon credits is allocated to Mexico.

Imaz, M.; Gay, C.; Friedmann, R.; Goldberg, B.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

International Energy Workshop, Cape Town, June 19-21, 2012 Power system and Carbon capture under Climate policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2013 Author manuscript, published in "International Energy Workshop (IEW), Cap Town : South Africa, distribution, and trade of various energy forms and materials, and their end-uses. TIAM-FR is driven by end on equipment investment and operation, primary energy supply, and energy trade (Loulou and Labriet, 2007).TIAM

Boyer, Edmond

448

Legislative Proposals to Control Carbon Emissions through Cap and Towards the end of 2007 the Climate Change Bill was introduced into the House of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· efficiency of energy use · carbon pricing through economic mechanisms (taxation or emissions trading on climate change are too dire to risk (N. Stern, Economic Impacts of Climate Change, Report to the Prime and trade, and offers some further thoughts on the potential wider implications of such a development

Martin, Ralph R.

449

BNL-68198-AB COMPILATION OF INVENTORIES OF INDUSTRIAL EMISSIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BNL-68198-AB COMPILATION OF INVENTORIES OF INDUSTRIAL EMISSIONS Carmen M. Benkovitz Atmospheric-5000 March 2001 To be presented at the International Workshop on Emissions ofChemical Species and Aerosols perspectives accurate inventories of emissions of the trace species at the appropriate spatial, temporal

450

This report has undergone limited technical review and the content does not necessarily reflect the views and policies of Environment Canada. Mention of trade names or commercial products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reflect the views and policies of Environment Canada. Mention of trade names or commercial products does Abstract The impact of emissions from urban sources to ambient air pollution is not considered to be large in comparison to water discharge sources. The Still Creek-Burnaby Lake-Brunette River watershed drains

451

Assessing the interactions among U.S. climate policy, biomass energy, and agricultural trade  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy from biomass is potentially an important contributor to U.S. climate change mitigation efforts. However, an important consideration to large-scale implementation of bioenergy is that the production of biomass competes with other uses of land. This includes traditionally economically productive uses, such as agriculture and forest products, as well as storage of carbon in forests and non-commercial lands. In addition, in the future, biomass may be more easily traded, meaning that increased U.S. reliance on bioenergy could come with it greater reliance on imported energy. Several approaches could be implemented to address these issues, including limits on U.S. biomass imports and protection of U.S. and global forests. This paper explores these dimensions of bioenergy’s role in U.S. climate policy and the relationship to these alternative measures for ameliorating the trade and land use consequences of bioenergy. It first demonstrates that widespread use of biomass in the U.S. could lead to imports; and it highlights that the relative stringency of domestic and international carbon mitigation policy will heavily influence the degree to which it is imported. Next, it demonstrates that while limiting biomass imports would prevent any reliance on other countries for this energy supply, it would most likely alter the balance of trade in other agricultural products against which biomass competes; for example, it might turn the U.S. from a corn exporter to a corn importer. Finally, it shows that increasing efforts to protect both U.S. and international forests could also affect the balance of trade in other agricultural products.

Wise, Marshall A.; McJeon, Haewon C.; Calvin, Katherine V.; Clarke, Leon E.; Kyle, G. Page

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Clean Tech Trade Alliance | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDITOhioOglesby,Sullivan, MissouriWebsterElectric Coop Corp JumpCleanCostTrade

453

Synthesis and properties of Sr2CeO4 blue emission powder phosphor for field emission displays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for publication 19 January 1999 A blue emission powder phosphor Sr2CeO4 for field emission displays was preparedV. The emission peak of this phosphor is at 470 nm and Commission International de l'Eclairage coordinates are x 0

Wang, Zhong L.

454

Amnesty International  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Martin Ennals est secrétaire général d'Amnesty International et fait un discours sur les droits de l'homme

None

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

455

Upstream vs. Downstream CO2 Trading: A Comparison for the Electricity Context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk E P R G W O R K IN G P A P E R Abstract Upstream vs. Downstream CO2 Trading: A Comparison for the Electricity Context EPRG Working Paper 1010 Cambridge Working Paper in Economics 1018 Benjamin F. Hobbs... , James Bushnell and Frank A. Wolak In electricity, “downstream” CO2 regulation requires retail suppliers to buy energy from a mix of sources so that their weighted emissions satisfy a standard. It has been argued that such “load-based” regulation...

Hobbs, Benjamin F; Bushnell, J; Wolak, F A

456

ENGINEERING INTERNATIONAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COURSE GUIDE 2013 UTS: ENGINEERING INTERNATIONAL UNDERGRADUATE w w w.eng.uts.edu.au #12;2 / ENGINEERING IN AUSTRALIA Internationally, Australian universities have a reputation for high quality research developed close links with many international institutions, particularly in Asia. ENGINEERING IN SYDNEY

University of Technology, Sydney

457

International petroleum statistics report, October 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1996; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1996; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

NONE

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

International Petroleum Statistics Report, January 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade for the years 1970 through 1992; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1992; and OECD trade from 1982 through 1992.

Not Available

1994-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

459

Saving Fuel, Reducing Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lower greenhouse gas emissions from electricity productionAssessment of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Plug-in Hybridof national greenhouse gas emissions. Both motor vehicle

Kammen, Daniel M.; Arons, Samuel M.; Lemoine, Derek M.; Hummel, Holmes

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Impact of United States international wheat policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Situation and Policies concerning Mheat 5 12 III ' IRPACTS ON NAJOR WORLD ECONORIC SECTORS ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 27 Developing Importing Countries Asia ~ ~ ~ Africa Latin America Developing Importing countries Developed Importing Countries Centrally Planned... international wheat policy 2. Analyze the impact of significant policies on major world economic sectors, including wheat exporting and, importing countries; special attention will be given to the impact on the balance of trade position of various countries...

Richards, Dean

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

On-Demand Based Wireless Resources Trading for Green Communications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of Green Communications is to reduce the energy consumption of the communication system as much as possible without compromising the quality of service (QoS) for users. An effective approach for Green Wireless Communications is On-Demand strategy, which scales power consumption with the volume and location of user demand. Applying the On-Demand Communications model, we propose a novel scheme -- Wireless Resource Trading, which characterizes the trading relationship among different wireless resources for a given number of performance metrics. According to wireless resource trading relationship, different wireless resources can be consumed for the same set of performance metrics. Therefore, to minimize the energy consumption for given performance metrics, we can trade the other type of wireless resources for the energy resource under the demanded performance metrics. Based on the wireless resource trading relationship, we derive the optimal energy-bandwidth and energy-time wireless resource trading ...

Cheng, Wenchi; Zhang, Hailin; Wang, Qiang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Oil Prices and Terms of Trade.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? One of the central issues in international macroeconomics is relative price movements and their sources. One such price is the price of crude oil.… (more)

Mirfacihi, Azar

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Communist China's foreign trade and its implication for Japan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

steel, machinery, chemicals, and medical equipment. Oesides sugar, Communist China also imports Cuban nickel, copper, manganese, chrome and cobalt, tobacco, beans, and cowhides. [15, p. 74]. Asian Communist Countries Communist Chinese trade with I... of the possibility of Communist China? Japanese trading expansion, based on an analysis of i) the past trade between these two countries, if) Communist Chinese export capacity, iii ) Japanese major import demands. Findings and conclusions are stated on the end...

Hsieh, Leh-An

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Saving Fuel, Reducing Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPACT EMISSIONS HEV PHEV marginal power plant is a coalpower uses relatively little coal, but in other cases emissions

Kammen, Daniel M.; Arons, Samuel M.; Lemoine, Derek M.; Hummel, Holmes

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

An Activity-Based Assessment of the Potential Impacts of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Energy and Emissions Using One-Day Travel Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

internal combustion engine is working, it reasonably can be assumed to have similar emissionInternal Combustion Engine (ICE) supplies additional power for high- speed/power operation. Although some studies capture emission

Recker, W. W.; Kang, J. E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Indo-Pakistan Trade Cooperation and Saarc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of India’s exports to Pakistan, Soyabean, p-xylene, iron ores, sugar, polypropylene, norfloxin, tyres, bidi leaves, and reactive coloured chemicals were the major items during 1985-2005. Their total share in India’s exports to Pakistan was 11.5 per cent... , etc. Pakistan has excess capacity of 3000 MW electricity which can be easily given to northern Indian states if the required arrangements are done. Prices of mutual trade items between the two countries are also competitive. It is estimated...

Ghuman, Ranjit Singh; Madaan, Da Vinder Kumar

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Biodiesel Energy Trading Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarre Biomass FacilityOregon:GreatBioGold FuelsTrading Limited

468

World Trade Organization | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop,SaveWhiskey Flats Geothermal AreaarticleWood FuelHealthWorldTrade

469

Eiko Trading Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump37. It is classified asThisEcoGridCounty, SouthEgg HarborEiko Trading

470

Trapped Between Two Tails: Trading Off Scientific Uncertainties via Climate Targets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Climate change policies must trade off uncertainties about future warming, about the social and ecological impacts of warming, and about the cost of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. We show that laxer carbon targets produce broader distributions for climate damages, skewed towards severe outcomes. However, if potential low-carbon technologies fill overlapping niches, then more stringent carbon targets produce broader distributions for the cost of reducing emissions, skewed towards high-cost outcomes. We use the technology- rich GCAM integrated assessment model to assess the robustness of 450 ppm and 500 ppm carbon targets to each uncertain factor. The 500 ppm target provides net benefits across a broad range of futures. The 450 ppm target provides net benefits only when impacts are greater than conventionally assumed, when multiple technological breakthroughs lower the cost of abatement, or when evaluated with a low discount rate. Policy evaluations are more sensitive to uncertainty about abatement technology and impacts than to uncertainty about warming.

Lemoine, Derek M.; McJeon, Haewon C.

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

471

Intra-industry trade between Sweden and Russia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The purpose of the thesis is to determine whether Russia has changed its intra-industry trade pattern with Sweden between the years of 1997 and… (more)

Eliasson, Johanna

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Optimizing Trading Decisions for Hydro Storage Systems using ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trading with a system of hydro storage plants in a wholesale electricity market involves many decisions ...... prices due to higher demand for heating and cooling.

2012-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

473

Utility Energy Efficiency Schemes: Savings Obligations and Trading...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Required** Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Utility Energy Efficiency Schemes: Savings Obligations and Trading **Subscription Required** Focus Area:...

474

Energy Prices and the Expansion of World Trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The oil shocks of the 1970s coincided with a number of economic disturbances. However, it has been difficult to develop models where oil shocks have a quantitatively important impact on the economy. In this paper, I show that the disturbances in transportation caused by the oil shocks can significantly affect the economy. I argue that changes in energy prices were responsible for a worldwide slowdown in the growth of trade and may help explain the apparent change in the price-trade elasticity. While tariffs have fallen steadily since 1970, trade growth slowed in the mid-1970s and has grown rapidly since the mid-1980s. In a standard trade model, this pattern implies that the price-import elasticity increased sharply in the mid-1980s. In this paper, I argue that the oil crises of the 1970s led to higher transportation costs. In 1986 energy prices fell to their pre-crisis level, reducing transportation costs and by extension trade barriers. I present a trade model with an energy using transportation sector. In model simulations, I show that total trade costs (transportation cost plus tariffs) are constant from 1974 to 1982. Once transportation costs are accounted for, the price-import elasticity no longer needs to radically change. I also show that trade expansion since 1960 is 50 percent higher in a standard trade model that includes a transportation sector compared to one that does not.

Benjamin Bridgman

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Trade liberalisation and competitiveness of emerging market economies .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this study, the aim is to provide answers for the following questions: whether there is any positive relationship between trade liberalisation and competitiveness of… (more)

Çakir, Mustafa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Trade liberalisation, prices and the skill premium in South Africa.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??We look at how trade liberalisation, working through product prices, has affected the skill premium in South Africa over the period 1990-2009. Our main finding… (more)

Mashiane, Jeffrey.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Essays on the political economy of trade liberalisation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This doctoral thesis contributes to a growing strand of literature on the nature and causes of trade liberalisation from a political economy perspective. In three… (more)

Soegaard, Christian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

The New Mexico Building and Construction Trades Council and Los...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September 21, 2012 Unions, LANL sign labor agreements The New Mexico Building and Construction Trades Council and Los Alamos National Security LLC, have announced the signing of...

479

International Congress on " Rome, 12-13 March 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 International Congress on " Rome, 12-13 March 2009 ! " A. Introduction: some key concepts B Principle 3 Protection of health, vitality and area of forest resources SFM standards (P,C & I) Hierarchical to planted forests 26 criteria, 55 indicators sustainable development through trade/investments in biological

Pettenella, Davide

480

S ~ C ~and Tlymmics of the Global Economy:Network sls sf International  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S ~ C ~and Tlymmics of the Global Economy:Network sls sf International Trade 1961980* DAV][DA. m issuesin international political economy.Theworld-systemapproach suggests that the structure of the global of the world economic system and to identify the roles that particular counfries play in the global division

White, Douglas R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "international emissions trading" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Multi-Megawatt Power System Trade Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of a larger task, the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) was tasked to perform a trade study comparing liquid-metal cooled reactors having Rankine power conversion systems with gas-cooled reactors having Brayton power conversion systems. This report summarizes the approach, the methodology, and the results of that trade study. Findings suggest that either approach has the possibility to approach the target specific mass of 3-5 kg/kWe for the power system, though it appears either will require improvements to achieve that. Higher reactor temperatures have the most potential for reducing the specific mass of gas-cooled reactors but do not necessarily have a similar effect for liquid-cooled Rankine systems. Fuels development will be the key to higher reactor operating temperatures. Higher temperature turbines will be important for Brayton systems. Both replacing lithium coolant in the primary circuit with gallium and replacing potassium with sodium in the power loop for liquid systems increase system specific mass. Changing the feed pump turbine to an electric motor in Rankine systems has little effect. Key technologies in reducing specific mass are high reactor and radiator operating temperatures, low radiator areal density, and low turbine/generator system masses. Turbine/generator mass tends to dominate overall power system mass for Rankine systems. Radiator mass was dominant for Brayton systems.

Longhurst, Glen Reed; Schnitzler, Bruce Gordon; Parks, Benjamin Travis

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

East Europe's energy trade takes new shape  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Often in the past, Western analysts of global energy demand have treated Eastern Europe as just part of a black box labeled Communist. Only the net flow of energy to the non-Communist world was of any consequence. The region, although primarily a major net importer of energy from the Soviet Union, was a very small net exporter of energy to non-Communist countries based Polish coal exports. Romanian refined petroleum product exports, and some minor exports of refined products by other East European countries. The political and economic configurations of Eastern Europe has changed dramatically over the past 2 years, however, and the way in which East European energy relationships are considered will have to change accordingly. With the sweeping transformation of these economies (for the most part, radically in the direction of a market orientation) and the breakup of their unique system of mutual trade, the patterns of energy production, consumption, and trade which have prevailed in the region during the post-war period will also change significantly. Forecasting the net-impact on energy demand in this region of offsetting trends due to economic reform (i.e., renewed economic dynamism vs. decreased energy intensity of aggregate economic output) is a very difficult task. Moreover, there are additional complications introduced by changes in the political system, such as the increased importance of environmental quality in the choice of fuel and production technology due to clearly enunciated concern of the popular political movements with these issues.

Movit, C. (Plan Econ, Inc., Washington, DC (US))

1991-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

483

the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) adopted a resolution that not only accepted a long-term strat-egy for reducing emissions but also excluded language intended to prevent unilateral application of EU legislation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of atmospheric pollution, airliners cross many borders and fly through many regula- tory jurisdictions a long-term strat- egy for reducing emissions but also excluded language intended to prevent unilateral-standing disagreement between in- dustrialized and developing countries about preventing climate change. Secondly

Sibille, Etienne

484

Projected Cost, Energy Use, and Emissions of Hydrogen Technologies for Fuel Cell Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Each combination of technologies necessary to produce, deliver, and distribute hydrogen for transportation use has a corresponding levelized cost, energy requirement, and greenhouse gas emission profile depending upon the technologies' efficiencies and costs. Understanding the technical status, potential, and tradeoffs is necessary to properly allocate research and development (R&D) funding. In this paper, levelized delivered hydrogen costs, pathway energy use, and well-to-wheels (WTW) energy use and emissions are reported for multiple hydrogen production, delivery, and distribution pathways. Technologies analyzed include both central and distributed reforming of natural gas and electrolysis of water, and central hydrogen production from biomass and coal. Delivery options analyzed include trucks carrying liquid hydrogen and pipelines carrying gaseous hydrogen. Projected costs, energy use, and emissions for current technologies (technology that has been developed to at least the bench-scale, extrapolated to commercial-scale) are reported. Results compare favorably with those for gasoline, diesel, and E85 used in current internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles, gasoline hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), and flexible fuel vehicles. Sensitivities of pathway cost, pathway energy use, WTW energy use, and WTW emissions to important primary parameters were examined as an aid in understanding the benefits of various options. Sensitivity studies on production process energy efficiency, total production process capital investment, feed stock cost, production facility operating capacity, electricity grid mix, hydrogen vehicle market penetration, distance from the hydrogen production facility to city gate, and other parameters are reported. The Hydrogen Macro-System Model (MSM) was used for this analysis. The MSM estimates the cost, energy use, and emissions trade offs of various hydrogen production, delivery, and distribution pathways under consideration. The MSM links the H2A Production Model, the Hydrogen Delivery Scenario Analysis Model (HDSAM), and the Greenhouse Gas, Regulated Emission, and Energy for Transportation (GREET) Model. The MSM utilizes the capabilities of each component model and ensures the use of consistent parameters between the models to enable analysis of full hydrogen production, delivery, and distribution pathways. To better understand spatial aspects of hydrogen pathways, the MSM is linked to the Hydrogen Demand and Resource Analysis Tool (HyDRA). The MSM is available to the public and enables users to analyze the pathways and complete sensitivity analyses.

Ruth, M. F.; Diakov, V.; Laffen, M. J.; Timbario, T. A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

International Petroleum Statistics Report, July 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1993; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1993; and OECD trade from 1983 through 1993. Data for the United States are developed by the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) Office of Oil and Gas. Data for other countries are derived largely from published sources, including International Energy Agency publications, the EIA International Energy Annual, and the trade press. (See sources after each section.) All data are reviewed by the International Statistics Branch of EIA. All data have been converted to units of measurement familiar to the American public. Definitions of oil production and consumption are consistent with other EIA publications.

Not Available

1994-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

486

Machine Learning for Market Microstructure and High Frequency Trading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Machine Learning for Market Microstructure and High Frequency Trading Michael Kearns Yuriy Nevmyvaka 1 Introduction In this chapter, we overview the uses of machine learning for high frequency trading and market microstructure data and problems. Machine learning is a vibrant subfield of computer

Plotkin, Joshua B.

487

Agricultural Trade and the U.S. Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agricultural Trade and the U.S. Economy Timothy G. Taylor, Gary F. Fairchild, Harold M. Harris, Jr. and Parr Rosson* Introduction As U.S. government support to agriculture declines, understanding the econom- ic impacts of agricultural trade and how...

McCorkle, Dean; Taylor, Timothy G.; Fairchild, Gary F.; Harris, Harold M.; Rosson, C. Parr

1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

488

Efficient trading strategies in financial markets with proportional transaction costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficient trading strategies in financial markets with proportional transaction costs Luciano CAMPI market model of foreign currencies with proportional transaction costs. In our setting, transaction costs as the minimal amount of a given initial portfolio allowing any agent to reach the claim by trading in the market

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

489

China's emergence in East Asia under alternative trading arrangements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China's emergence in East Asia under alternative trading arrangements Hiro Leea,* , David Roland China's accelerated global emergence has changed trade patterns in the Asia-Pacific region and exerted to China, Japan, and the United States using a dynamic global computable general equilibrium (CGE) model

Kammen, Daniel M.

490

China in the World Trade Organization: Antidumping and Safeguards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China in the World Trade Organization: Antidumping and Safeguards Patrick A. Messerlin China finds of antidumping measures, but (so far) one of the smallest users of such measures. China's World Trade China's recent antidumping enforcement; how China could minimize its exposure to foreign antidumping

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

491

Global Forest Products Trade by Ed Pepke, EFI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

change policies: escalation of wood energy production, consumption and trade 3. Globalization of forest Lacey Act Amendment f. EU renewable (wood) energy policies Forests, Markets, Policy & PracticeGlobal Forest Products Trade by Ed Pepke, EFI Forests, Markets, Policy & Practice Shanghai, China

492

Smart Meter Aware Domestic Energy Trading Agents Nicola Capodieci  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Smart Meter Aware Domestic Energy Trading Agents Nicola Capodieci University of Modena and RE illustrate an implementation includ- ing the interfacing with a physical Smart Meter and provide initial--Intelligent agents, Multiagent systems General Terms Design, Economy Keywords Energy trade, agents, smart meter 1

Aiello, Marco

493

THE OUTLOOK FOR GLOBAL TRADE IN LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gas (LNG) to the year 2020. Because of substantial uncertainties in the current markets for LNG view of world LNG trade that was common several years ago and a low case that reflects concern of LNG trade from proven natural gas reserves in potential exporting countries. While Pacific Basin

494

Acknowledging Conservation Trade-Offs and Embracing Complexity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

alleviation, biodiversity conservation, and climate- change mitigation; REDD may involve substantial tradeEssay Acknowledging Conservation Trade-Offs and Embracing Complexity PAUL D. HIRSCH, WILLIAM M, U.K. Center for Integrative Conservation Research, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, U

Vermont, University of

495

Aggregation in sensor networks: An energy-accuracy trade-off  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sensor Networks: An Energy- Accuracy Trade-off Athanassiosacknowledge the energy/accuracy trade-off present whenalgorithm exploits the energy-accuracy trade-off in WASNs to

A. Boulis; S. Ganeriwal; M. B. Srivastava

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Climate policy and dependence on traded carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contact us My IOPscience Climate policy and dependence on10.1088/1748-9326/8/3/034011 Climate policy and dependenceCenter for International Climate and Environmental Research—

Andrew, Robbie M; Davis, Steven J; Peters, Glen P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

International Mathematics Education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Mathematics Education Masters Programme www.uni-bremen.de/international-mathematics-education Professional Development for Mathematics Teachers in International Schools International school mathematics in International Mathematics Education. The programme combines foci in mathematics, education and international

Hoffmeister, Thomas S.

498

System Losses and Assessment Trade Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) study has developed new analysis methods to examine old and new technology options toward the goal of improving fuel cycle systems. We have integrated participants and information from AFCI Systems Analysis, Transmutation Fuels, Separations, and Waste Form Campaigns in the Systems Losses and Assessment Trade Study. The initial objectives of this study were to 1) increase understanding of system interdependencies and thereby identify system trade-offs that may yield important insights, 2) define impacts of separations product purity on fuel manufacture and transmutation reactivity, 3) define impacts from transuranic (TRU) losses to waste, 4) identify the interrelationships involved in fuels and separations technology performance, and 5) identify system configuration adjustments with the greatest potential for influencing system losses. While bounding and analyzing this initial problem, we also identified significantly higher-level programmatic drivers with broad implications to the current fuel cycle research charter and the general issue of a DOE complex wide need for a comprehensive and integrated nuclear material management as addressed by the new DOE Order 410.2 titled “Management of Nuclear Materials”. The initial modeling effort developed in this study for a much smaller subset of material (i.e., commercial fuel) and a selected transmutation scheme (i.e., fast reactor recycling) is a necessary first step towards examining a broader set of nuclear material management options, dispositioning strategies and integrated waste management options including potential areas of research leverage. The primary outcome from this initial study has been an enhanced integration among Campaigns and associated insights and analysis methods. Opportunities for improved understanding between the groups abound. The above lanthanide-actinide example highlights the importance of evaluating options via integration across the Campaigns. Plans for Fiscal Year 2010 are being made in a coordinated fashion such that the knowledge gained from the research performed by the Campaigns can benefit on-going work of the study, and that improved understanding of the system relationships can be used to guide the specific research and development (R&D) activities within the Campaigns. In FY-10, the System Losses and Assessment Trade Study will carry-over activities from FY-09. We will continue to refine impurity and loss estimates and impurity limits on fuels by incorporating results from ongoing R&D. And we will begin work on an enhanced nuclear material management model to allow us to continue to improve our overall system understanding of the trade-offs between separations, fuel fabrication, waste forms, waste disposition, SNM losses, reactor performance, and proliferation resistance. In the future, we can also better understand how used fuel and other forms of remote-handled SNM can be better integrated into an overall nuclear material management program that will evolve for the DOE complex via Order 410.2 (DOE 2009).

David Shropshire; Steve Piet; Nick Soelberg; Robert Cherry; Roger Henry; David Meikrantz; Greg Teske; Eric Shaber; Candido Pereira

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

The Emergence of Trade Associations as Agents of Environmental Performance Improvement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper explores a surprising phenomenon: the emergence of trade associations as agents of environmental performance improvement. Trade associations in the United States have historically fought environmental regulation, ...

Nash, Jennifer

2002-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

500

Jasper Procurement, Trade, and Control in Orange County: Comments and Observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INY-372). MS in preparation. Jasper Procurement, Trade, andquestion of prehistoric jasper pro- curement/trade/control.conventional wisdom that jasper recovered from Orange County

Koerper, Henry C; Ericson, Jonathon E; Fife, Donald L; Shackley, M Steven; Singer, Clay A; Minch, John A

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z