Sample records for internal revenue code

  1. FOUNDATION REVENUE OBJECT CODES LSU Foundation Revenue Object Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    FOUNDATION REVENUE OBJECT CODES 4 page 1 LSU Foundation Revenue Object Codes 0F00 Foundation - Balance Forward 0F01 Foundation - Other Contributions 0F02 Foundation - State of Louisiana 0F03 Foundation - Corporate Contributions 0F04 Foundation - Corporate Match Contributions 0F05 Foundation - Individual

  2. Budget/Object Codes -REVENUE Budget/Object Codes -REVENUE BUDGET/OBJECT BUDGET/OBJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selmic, Sandra

    Budget/Object Codes -REVENUE Budget/Object Codes - REVENUE BUDGET/OBJECT BUDGET/OBJECT BUDGET CODE DESCRIPTION BUDGET CODE DESCRIPTION 01 30 0101 On-Campus-Full Time 3001 Federal Program 0102 On APPROPRIATIONS #12;Budget/Object Codes -REVENUE Budget/Object Codes - REVENUE BUDGET/OBJECT BUDGET/OBJECT BUDGET

  3. Equitable Carbon Revenue Distribution Under an International Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    No. 5 Equitable Carbon Revenue Distribution Under an International Emissions Trading Regime Nathan INSTITUTE University of Massachusetts Amherst #12;Equitable Carbon Revenue Distribution Under an International Emissions Trading Regime Nathan E. Hultman and Daniel M. Kammen Energy & Resources Group Goldman

  4. International Energy Conservation Code 2012 & 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, S.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    International Energy Conservation Code 2012 & 2015 What’s the Difference? ESL-KT-14-11-42 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Energy Codes Specialist Texas A&M Engineering Experiment Station shirleyellis..., Atmospheric Venting Procedure and Solar-Ready - Chapters 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 & Appendix RA & RB • Residential Energy Efficiency • Commercial Energy Efficiency ESL-KT-14-11-42 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Seminar Goal...

  5. Commercial Norms, Commercial Codes, and International Commercial Arbitration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drahozal, Christopher R.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The article defends the incorporation of commercial norms into commercial codes, through provisions such as statute 1-205 of the Uniform Commercial Code. It finds significant reliance on trade usages in international ...

  6. The revenue imperative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flaherty, Jane

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    56 66 68 68 69 74 79 85 89 92 Introduction Chairman Stevens The Direct Tax 92 93 97 TABLE OF CONTENTS, CONTINUED CHAPTER The Internal Revenue Measures Conclusion VI CONCLUSION REFERENCES APPENDIX I: FEDERAL RECEIPTS, 1800... no injuries occurred and the crowds dissipated as quickly as they had formed, President John Adams followed Washington's precedent and sent armed forces to Bucks County to quell the revolt. Sixty protestors were arrested. In writing the Constitution...

  7. Internal Revenue Service

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Form 5500. Schedule D (Form 5500) 2012 v. 120126 12312012 45-3246495-001 351202784 20-3104541 M 01012012 LANS 401(K) RETIREMENT PLAN LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL SECURITY, LLC 001 LOS...

  8. Internal Revenue Service

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponses to Engineered Nanomaterials: The NIEHS1 01/01/2013 LOS

  9. Internal Revenue Service

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponses to Engineered Nanomaterials: The NIEHS1 01/01/2013 LOS2

  10. Internal Revenue Service

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponses to Engineered Nanomaterials: The541990 FILED WITH

  11. Internal Revenue Service

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponses to Engineered Nanomaterials: The541990 FILED WITH1

  12. Internal Revenue Service

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponses to Engineered Nanomaterials: The541990 FILED WITH12

  13. Crop Revenue Coverage (CRC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stokes, Kenneth; Barnaby, G. A. Art; Waller, Mark L.; Outlaw, Joe

    2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Crop Revenue Coverage guarantees a stated amount of revenue based on commodity futures prices. This publication explains how CRC works and gives examples based on harvest price scenarios....

  14. OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes estimates of OPEC net oil export revenues, based on historical estimates and forecasts from the latest Energy Information Administration (EIA) Short-Term Energy Outlook.

  15. Energy Efficiency of the 2003 International Energy Conservation Code in West Virginia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.

    2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report estimate the energy savings, economic impacts, and pollution reduction from adopting the 2003 International Code Council’s 2003 International Energy Conservation Code (as the mandatory residential energy efficiency code in the state of West Virginia. The state currently allows a less stringent replacement option. This report addresses the impacts for low-rise residential buildings only.

  16. International Code Assessment and Applications Program: Summary of code assessment studies concerning RELAP5/MOD2, RELAP5/MOD3, and TRAC-B. International Agreement Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schultz, R.R. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Members of the International Code Assessment Program (ICAP) have assessed the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) advanced thermal-hydraulic codes over the past few years in a concerted effort to identify deficiencies, to define user guidelines, and to determine the state of each code. The results of sixty-two code assessment reviews, conducted at INEL, are summarized. Code deficiencies are discussed and user recommended nodalizations investigated during the course of conducting the assessment studies and reviews are listed. All the work that is summarized was done using the RELAP5/MOD2, RELAP5/MOD3, and TRAC-B codes.

  17. Along-Wind Load Effects on Tall Buildings: Comparative Study of Major International Codes and Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kareem, Ahsan

    buildings utilizing major international codes and standards: ASCE 7-98 ASCE 1999 , AS1170.2-89 AustralianAlong-Wind Load Effects on Tall Buildings: Comparative Study of Major International Codes and Standards Yin Zhou1 ; Tracy Kijewski, S.M.ASCE2 ; and Ahsan Kareem, M.ASCE3 Abstract: Most international

  18. Electric $ales and revenue 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication provides information on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers in the United States.

  19. Energy Efficiency of the 2000 International Energy Conservation Code in West Virginia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.

    2004-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The West Virginia State Building Code contains two options for energy efficiency requirements in one- and two-family dwellings. One is the International Code Council?s (ICC) 2000 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) (ICC 1999a,b) (87-4-4.1.6). The second is an exception (replacement) for Chapter 11 of the ICC International Residential Code (IRC) (87-4-4.1.7). The West Virginia Energy Efficiency Program, West Virginia Development Office, has asked the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to compare the energy use resulting from the application of the 2000 IECC code and the IRC code, as amended by West Virginia. The Department's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) compared the energy use from compliance with the 2000 IECC to the exception to Chapter 11 of the IRC known as the ''Alternate Energy Code''.

  20. International Effort Advances Offshore Wind Turbine Design Codes...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    with the Fraunhofer Institute for Wind Energy and Energy System Technology (IWES) in Germany to lead an international effort under the International Energy Agency's (IEA) Task 30...

  1. Electric sales and revenue: 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. This publication provides information about sales of electricity, its associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour sold to residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers throughout the United States. The sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1993. Operating revenue includes energy charges, demand charges, consumer service charges, environmental surcharges, fuel adjustments, and other miscellaneous charges. The revenue does not include taxes, such as sales and excise taxes, that are assessed on the consumer and collected through the utility. Average revenue per kilowatthour is defined as the cost per unit of electricity sold and is calculated by dividing retail sales into the associated electric revenue. Because electric rates vary based on energy usage, average revenue per kilowatthour are affected by changes in the volume of sales. The sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour data provided in this report are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels.

  2. Guide to the Changes between the 2009 and 2012 International Energy Conservation Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mapes, Terry S.; Conover, David R.

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The International Code Council (ICC) published the 2012 International Energy Conservation Code{reg_sign} (IECC) in early 2012. The 2012 IECC is based on revisions, additions, and deletions to the 2009 IECC that were considered during the ICC code development process conducted in 2011. Solid vertical lines, arrows, or asterisks printed in the 2012 IECC indicate where revisions, deletions, or relocations of text respectively were made to 2009 IECC. Although these marginal markings indicate where changes have been made to the code, they do not provide any further guidance, leaving the reader to consult and compare the 2009 and 2012 IECC for more detail.

  3. Electric sales and revenue 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the US. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1996. 16 figs., 20 tabs.

  4. Capital and revenue expenditures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owens, Jack Bailey

    1948-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    T and Charaoteristios of Various Expenditures ~ ~ 7 III. Bases for Expenditure Classifioationi ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ r ~ ' ~ IV ~ Methods of kooountiag for Capital and Revenue Expenditure( ~ ~ I CkPITLL ERE RKVRRUm bXPLM)ITURkiS ISTRORUGTIOR kn ?ttonpt will be made... not tahe tho plass of asy asset or part of aa asset already onistiag Ln a business, but give tho already sainting fined asset ealues an a44ed physioal value whioh they did not previously possess ~ Additions rosoable original oost in that both...

  5. Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Utah

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, Pamala C.; Lucas, Robert G.

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the current Utah code, the 2006 IECC. The most notable changes are improved duct sealing and efficient lighting requirements. A limited analysis of these changes resulted in estimated savings of $168 to $188 for an average new house in Utah at recent fuel prices.

  6. Local Government Revenue Bonds (Montana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Limited obligation local government bonds ("special revenue bonds") may be issued for qualified electric energy generation facilities, including those powered by renewables. These bonds generally...

  7. Electric sales and revenue 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the US. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1997. 16 figs., 17 tabs.

  8. Electric sales and revenue 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the United States. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1994.

  9. Private Activity Revenue Bonds (Maryland)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Private Activity Revenue Bonds are available in the form of both taxable bonds and tax-exempt bonds. Both types of bonds provide access to long-term capital markets for fixed asset financing....

  10. Automatic code generation enables nuclear gradient computations for fully internally contracted multireference theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacLeod, Matthew K

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Analytical nuclear gradients for fully internally contracted complete active space second-order perturbation theory (CASPT2) are reported. This implementation has been realized by an automated code generator that can handle spin-free formulas for the CASPT2 energy and its derivatives with respect to variations of molecular orbitals and reference coefficients. The underlying complete active space self-consistent field and the so-called Z-vector equations are solved using density fitting. With full internal contraction the size of first-order wave functions scales polynomially with the number of active orbitals. The CASPT2 gradient program and the code generator are both publicly available. This work enables the CASPT2 geometry optimization of molecules as complex as those investigated by respective single-point calculations.

  11. Electric sales and revenue 1992, April 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. This publication provides information about sales of electricity, its associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour sold to residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers throughout the United States. The sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1992. The electric revenue reported by each electric utility includes the applicable revenue from kilowatthours sold; revenue from income; unemployment and other State and local taxes; energy, demand, and consumer service charges; environmental surcharges; franchise fees; fuel adjustments; and other miscellaneous charges. The revenue does not include taxes, such as sales and excise taxes, that are assessed on the consumer and collected through the utility. Average revenue per kilowatthour is defined as the cost per unit of electricity sold and is calculated by dividing retail sales into the associated electric revenue. The sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in this report are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels.

  12. International Workshop on Gamma Spectrometry Analysis Codes for U and Pu Isotopics: Workshop Results and Next Steps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGinnis, Brent R [ORNL; Solodov, Alexander A [ORNL; Shipwash, Jacqueline L [ORNL; Zhernosek, Alena V [ORNL; McKinney, Teressa L [ORNL; Pickett, Chris A [ORNL; Peerani, Paolo [ORNL

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In November 2008, the Institute of Nuclear Materials Management (INMM) and the European Safeguards Research and Development Association (ESARDA) co-hosted the International Workshop on Gamma Spectrometry Analysis Codes for U and Pu Isotopics at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). This workshop was conducted in response to needs expressed by the international safeguards community to understand better the capabilities and limitations of the codes; to ensure these codes are sustained; and to ensure updates or revisions are performed in a controlled manner. The workshop was attended by approximately 100 participants. The participants included code developers, code suppliers, safeguards specialists, domestic and international inspectors, process operators, regulators, and programme sponsors from various government agencies. The workshop provided a unique opportunity for code developers, commercial distributors and end users to interact in a hands-on laboratory environment to develop solutions for programmatic and technical issues associated with the various codes. The workshop also provided an international forum for discussing development of an internationally accepted standard test method. This paper discusses the organization of the workshop, its goals and objectives and feedback received from the participants. The paper also describes the significance of the working group's contribution to improving codes that are commonly used during inspections to verify that nuclear facilities are compliant with treaty obligations that ensure nuclear fuel cycle facilities are used for peaceful purposes.

  13. ENVIRONMENTAL REVENUE STREAMS FOR COMBINED HEAT AND POWER | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ENVIRONMENTAL REVENUE STREAMS FOR COMBINED HEAT AND POWER ENVIRONMENTAL REVENUE STREAMS FOR COMBINED HEAT AND POWER ENVIRONMENTAL REVENUE STREAMS FOR COMBINED HEAT AND POWER...

  14. Utility-Based Revenue Streams- Notes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Better Buildings Neighborhood Program October 2011 Workshop Summary of Revenue Streams from Breakout Sessions (11/20/11).

  15. ERANOS 2.1 : International Code System for GEN IV Fast Reactor Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruggieri, J.M.; Tommasi, J.; Lebrat, J.F.; Suteau, C.; Plisson-Rieunier, D.; De Saint Jean, C.; Rimpault, G.; Sublet, J.C. [CEA/DEN/DER/SPRC/LEPH, CEA/Cadarache, 13108 Saint Paul Lez Durance, Cedex (France)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of the paper is to present the new release of the European Reactor Analysis Optimized code System, ERANOS 2.1. This version has been developed and validated to establish a suitable basis for reliable neutronic calculations of current, as well as advanced fast reactor cores of the GEN IV International Forum. The latest version of the ERANOS code and data system, ERANOS 2.1, contains all of the functions required for reference and design calculations of Liquid Metal Fast Reactors (LMFR's), with extended capabilities for treating advanced reactor fuel subassemblies and cores of Gas Cooled Fast Reactors (GCFR's). The releases of recent, modern neutron data libraries: JENDL-3.3 in 2002, JEFF-3.1 in 2005 and soon ENDF/B-VII are also available. (authors)

  16. Federal Offshore Statistics, 1993. Leasing, exploration, production, and revenue as of December 31, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Francois, D.K.

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This document contains statistical data on the following: federal offshore lands; offshore leasing activity and status; offshore development activity; offshore production of crude oil and natural gas; federal offshore oil and natural gas sales volume and royalties; revenue from federal offshore leases; disbursement of federal offshore revenue; reserves and resource estimates of offshore oil and natural gas; oil pollution in US and international waters; and international activities and marine minerals. A glossary is included.

  17. Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Kansas City, Missouri

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.

    2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the 2006 IECC. The notable changes are: (1) Improved duct sealing verified by testing the duct system; (2) Increased duct insulation; (3) Improvement of window U-factors from 0.40 to 0.35; and (4) Efficient lighting requirements. An analysis of these changes resulted in estimated annual energy cost savings of about $145 a year for an average new house. Construction cost increases are estimated at $655. Home owners will experience an annual cost savings of close to $100 a year because reduction to energy bills will more than compensate for increased mortgage payments and other costs.

  18. Validation of the International Code Compliant Calculator (IC3) v3.10 Using the RESNET Verification Procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, H.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J. S.

    ESL-TR-10-12-05 VALIDATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL CODE COMPLIANT CALCULATOR (IC3) v3.10 USING THE RESNET VERIFICATION PROCEDURES (NO. 07-003) Hyojin Kim Juan-Carlos Baltazar, Ph.D. Jeff S. Haberl, Ph.D., P... from the testing and validation of the Energy Systems Laboratory?s web-based software tool - International Code Compliance Calculator (IC3), v3.10, using the Residential Energy Services Network (RESNET) verification procedures - RESNET Publication No...

  19. Tax-Exempt Industrial Revenue Bonds (Kansas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Tax-Exempt Industrial Revenue Bonds are issued by cities and counties for the purchase, construction, improvement or remodeling of a facility for agricultural, commercial, hospital, industrial,...

  20. Proceedings IEEE International Test Conference, Charlotte, NC, USA, September 30 October 2, 2003 A HYBRID CODING STRATEGY FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hellebrand, Sybille

    Proceedings IEEE International Test Conference, Charlotte, NC, USA, September 30 ­ October 2, 2003-fold solution: (1) The test data volume can be greatly reduced by simple encoding and decoding procedures. (2 A HYBRID CODING STRATEGY FOR OPTIMIZED TEST DATA COMPRESSION Armin Würtenberger, Christofer S. Tautermann

  1. Assessment of Impacts from Adopting the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code for Residential Buildings in Michigan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.

    2009-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy and economic analysis comparing the current Michigan residential energy efficiency code to the 2009 IECC.

  2. Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    81 Residential Sales (MWh) 647 Residential Consumers 290 Commercial Revenue(Thousand ) 168.985 Commercial Sales (MWh) 2306 Commercial Consumers 81 Industrial Revenue (Thousand )...

  3. Study Shows Active Power Controls from Wind May Increase Revenues...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Study Shows Active Power Controls from Wind May Increase Revenues and Improve System Reliability Study Shows Active Power Controls from Wind May Increase Revenues and Improve...

  4. Mineral Recovery Creates Revenue Stream for Geothermal Energy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Mineral Recovery Creates Revenue Stream for Geothermal Energy Development Mineral Recovery Creates Revenue Stream for Geothermal Energy Development January 21, 2014 - 12:00am...

  5. Financing and Revenue: Crowd Funding: Enabling Small Investors...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Financing and Revenue: Crowd Funding: Enabling Small Investors to Help Fund Business Loans for E3 Upgrades Peer Exchange Call Financing and Revenue: Crowd Funding: Enabling Small...

  6. Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Commercial Sales (MWh) 128656 Commercial Consumers 48190 Industrial Revenue (Thousand ) 871 Industrial Sales (MWh) 14240 Industrial Consumers 485 Other Revenue (Thousand ) 70...

  7. 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Residential Revenue(Thousand ) 5629 Residential Sales (MWh) 49312 Residential Consumers 35980 Commercial Revenue(Thousand ) 2031 Commercial Sales (MWh) 15395 Commercial Consumers...

  8. Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Mesa, Arizona

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucas, Robert G.

    2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the 2006 IECC and the 2003 IECC. The notable changes are: (1) Improved duct sealing verified by testing the duct system; (2) Increased duct insulation; (3) Improvement of window U-factors from 0.40 to 0.35; and (4) Efficient lighting requirements. An analysis of these changes resulted in estimated annual energy cost savings of $145 a year for an average new house compared to the 2003 IECC. This energy cost saving decreases to $125 a year for the 2009 IECC compared to the 2006 IECC. Construction cost increases (per home) for complying with the 2009 IECC are estimated at $1256 relative to the 2003 IECC and $800 for 2006 IECC. Home owners will experience an annual cost savings of about $80 a year by complying with the 2009 IECC because reduction to energy bills will more than compensate for increased mortgage payments and other costs.

  9. Assessing Foundation Insulation Strategies for the 2012 International Energy Conservation Code in Cold Climate New Home Construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    VonThoma, E.; Ojczyk, C.; Mosiman, G.

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While the International Energy Conservation Code 2012 (IECC 2012) has been adopted at a national level, only two cold climate states have adopted it as their new home energy code. Understanding the resistance to adoption is important in assisting more states accept the code and engage deep energy strategies nationwide. This three-part assessment by the NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership was focused on foundation insulation R-values for cold climates and the design, construction, and performance implications. In Part 1 a literature review and attendance at stakeholder meetings held in Minnesota were used to assess general stakeholder interest and concerns regarding proposed code changes. Part 2 includes drawings of robust foundation insulation systems that were presented at one Minnesota stakeholder meeting to address critical issues and concerns for adopting best practice strategies. In Part 3 a sampling of builders participated in a telephone interview to gain baseline knowledge on insulation systems used to meet the current energy code and how the same builders propose to meet the new proposed code.

  10. Cargo revenue management for space logistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Armar, Nii A

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis covers the development of a framework for the application of revenue management, specifically capacity control, to space logistics for use in the optimization of mission cargo allocations, which in turn affect ...

  11. Industrial Revenue Bond Issuance Cost Assistance (Wisconsin)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Industrial Revenue Bonds (IRB) are tax-exempt bonds that can be used to stimulate capital investment and job creation by providing private borrowers with access to financing at interest rates that...

  12. Revenue impacts of airline yield management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mak, Chung Yu

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the highly competitive airline industry today, Yield or Revenue Management is extremely important to the survival of any carrier. Since fares are generally matched by all carriers to be competitive, the ability of an ...

  13. Coupled neutronic and thermal-hydraulic code benchmark activities at the International Nuclear Safety Center.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Podlazov, L. N.

    1998-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Two realistic benchmark problems are defined and used to assess the performance of coupled thermal-hydraulic and neutronic codes used in simulating dynamic processes in VVER-1000 and RBMK reactor systems. One of the problems simulates a design basis accident involving the ejection of three control and protection system rods from a VVER-1000 reactor. The other is based on a postulated rod withdrawal from an operating RBMK reactor. Preliminary results calculated by various codes are compared. While these results show significant differences, the intercomparisons performed so far provide a basis for further evaluation of code limitations and modeling assumptions.

  14. Benefits of the International Residential Code's Maximum Solar heat Gain Coefficient Requirement for Windows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, G. A.; DeVito, E. M.; Nease, N. H.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Texas adopted in its residential building energy code a maximum 0.40 solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) for fenestration (e.g., windows, glazed doors and skylights)-a critical driver of cooling energy use, comfort and peak demand. An analysis...

  15. Duct System Flammability and Air Sealing Fire Separation Assemblies in the International Residential Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudd, A.; Prahl, D.

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IBACOS identified two barriers that limit the ability of builders to cost-effectively achieve higher energy efficiency levels in housing. These are (1) the use of duct system materials that inherently achieve airtightness and are appropriately sized for low-load houses and (2) the ability to air seal fire separation assemblies. The issues identified fall into a gray area of the codes.

  16. Single-Issue Industrial Revenue Bond Program (Missouri)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Missouri Development Finance Board administers a Single-Issue Tax-Exempt Industrial Revenue Bond Program as well as a Taxable Industrial Revenue Bond Program. The Tax-Exempt Program finances (i...

  17. 2013 Revenue for Delivery Service Providers

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQProved Reserves,0050516,"AL",10610,"Albertville Municipal UtilsResidential (Data fromRevenue

  18. Mineral revenues: the 1983 report on receipts from Federal and Indian leases with summary data from 1920 to 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tables and figures abound for: mineral revenue management in 1983; offshore federal mineral revenues; onshore federal mineral revenues; Indian mineral revenues; distribution of federal and Indian mineral revenues; plus appended lease management data. (PSB)

  19. Federal offshore statistics: 1992. Leasing, exploration, production, and revenues as of December 31, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Francois, D.K.

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act, enacted in 1953 and amended several times, charges the Secretary of the Interior with the responsibility for administering and managing mineral exploration and development of the outer continental shelf, as well as for conserving its natural resources. This report documents the following: Federal offshore lands; offshore leasing activity and status; offshore development activity; offshore production of crude oil and natural gas; Federal offshore oil and natural gas sales volume and royalties; revenue from Federal offshore leases; disbursement of Federal offshore revenue; reserves and resource estimates of offshore oil and natural gas; oil pollution in US and international waters; and international activities and marine minerals. 11 figs., 83 tabs.

  20. Revenue From Contractor Fees | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energy fromComments onReplyofRetiring ProcurementReturn onRevenue From

  1. 2013 Non-Utility Power Producers- Revenue

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecemberSteam Coal Import CostsLiquids Reserve3. LightingImports35 2013 Flow5Revenue

  2. 2013 Total Electric Industry- Revenue (Thousands Dollars)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecemberSteam Coal Import CostsLiquids Reserve3.Revenue (Thousands Dollars) (Data

  3. Tracking and Using Data to Support Revenue Streams | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Documents & Publications Lender-Based Revenues and Cost-Savings Trends in Contractor Conversion Rates Better Buildings Residential Network: Lessons Learned: Peer Exchange Calls...

  4. Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ) 2.674 Industrial Sales (MWh) 80 Industrial Consumers 45 Total Revenue (Thousand ) 132.759 Total Sales (MWh) 1919 Total Consumers 416 Source: Energy Information Administration....

  5. Reading the GL008 Revenue & Expense Activity report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    Reading the GL008 Revenue & Expense Activity report Cognos FMS111 Reporting 7/23/13 - rb Reading the GL008 ­ job aid NEED HELP? Call 847-491-HELP consultant@northwestern.edu © 2013 Northwestern University Page 1 of 2 The GL008 Revenue and Expense Activity Report displays all transactions affecting

  6. Revenue and Expense Activity (GL008) Enhancement Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    Cognos Revenue and Expense Activity (GL008) Enhancement Update GL008EnhancementsApril2012 Last Updated 5/7/2012 - mac © 2012 Northwestern University Cognos Reports 1 of 2 GL008 Enhancements for Sponsored Projects As of May 7, 2012, the Revenue and Expense Activity Report (GL008) has two enhancements

  7. National electrical code changes for 1996 and USA participation in International Energy Agency activities related to photovoltaics safety and grid interconnection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bower, W.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As photovoltaic (PV) systems gain more acceptance in utility-interactive applications throughout the world, many organizations are placing increasingly higher priorities on writing guidelines, codes and standards. These guidelines and codes are being written to improve safety, installation, acceptance, listing or certification of the PV components or systems. Sandia National Laboratories` PV System Applications Department is working closely with the PV industry to address issues that are associated with fire and personnel safety and with National Electrical Code (NEC) requirements. Additionally, the United States has agreed to participate in two of the International Energy Agency (IEA) Annexes (topical tasks) of the Implementing Agreement for a Cooperative Programme on Photovoltaic Power Systems. This paper describes events and activities associated with the NEC and the IEA that are being led by Sandia National Laboratories with broad participation by the US PV industry.

  8. New approaches for integrating revenue and supply chain management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elmachtoub, Adam Nabil

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    First, we describe a general framework called online customer selection that describes natural settings where suppliers must actively select which customer requests to serve. Unlike traditional revenue management models ...

  9. Internal Dosimetry Program Guide for Use with Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 835, Occupational Radiation Protection

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2005-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This Guide provides an acceptable methodology for establishing and operating an internal dosimetry program that will comply with DOE requirements specified in 10 CFR 835. Cancels: DOE G 441.1-3

  10. Biology for Students: Bioinformatics The Human Genome Project (HGP) is an international effort to determine the biochemical code for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weng, Zhiping

    Biology for Students: Bioinformatics The Human Genome Project (HGP) is an international effort and their regulatory elements that serve as the blueprint of human biology. The HGP has generated massive data and high throughput fashion) and proteomics (analysis of the biological functions of gene products

  11. Revenue Maximization with Quality Assurance for Composite Web Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Mei, Rob

    Revenue Maximization with Quality Assurance for Composite Web Services Dani¨el Worm, Miroslav Abstract--Service composition is one of the major approaches in service oriented architecture (SOA) based systems. Due to the inherent stochastic nature of services execution environment the issue of composite

  12. Classifying Web Search Queries to Identify High Revenue Generating Customers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jansen, James

    searching, the set of terms for which a user searches is called the query. If a user enters a query and then clicks on a result, these query terms are embedded within the URL that is passed from the search engineClassifying Web Search Queries to Identify High Revenue Generating Customers Adan Ortiz-Cordova 329

  13. Total revenues up, profits down for OGJ400

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beck, R.J.; Biggs, J.B.

    1990-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    After moving up sharply the previous 2 years, profits for the biggest 400 U.S. public oil and gas companies sagged in fiscal 1989. The total: $20.34 billion, down 8.6% from 1988. Revenues, however, gained 6.1% to $459.2 billion. Company-by-company financial results and operating statistics appear in this report.

  14. Alaska Electric Light&Power Co (Alaska) EIA Revenue and Sales...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Alaska Electric Light&Power Co for February 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-02 Utility...

  15. Alaska Electric Light&Power Co (Alaska) EIA Revenue and Sales...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Alaska) EIA Revenue and Sales - July 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Alaska Electric Light&Power Co for July 2008. Monthly...

  16. Non-linear revenue creating business platform for IT service companies using cloud computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinha, Prasanta, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Indian Information Technology (IT) & Business process outsourcing (BPO) companies are going through an inflection point. They have been growing revenue by over 20% on a yearly basis for the last decade. This revenue ...

  17. RUNTIME QoS CONTROL AND REVENUE OPTIMIZATION WITHIN SERVICE ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Mei, Rob

    RUNTIME QoS CONTROL AND REVENUE OPTIMIZATION WITHIN SERVICE ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE. Miroslav Zivkovic. #12;RUNTIME QoS CONTROL AND REVENUE OPTIMIZATION WITHIN SERVICE ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE Miroslav AND REVENUE OPTIMIZATION WITHIN SERVICE ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE PROEFSCHRIFT ter verkrijging van de graad van

  18. Clark County- Energy Conservation Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In September 2010, Clark County adopted Ordinance 3897, implementing the Southern Nevada version of the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code for both residential and commercial buildings...

  19. Code Description Code Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leave* 5127 Officials 5217 Faculty Sick Leave Payment 5124 Personal Service Contracts 5211 Research Services Contracts Scholarships & Fellowships Faculty Fringe Contract Services #12;Banner Account Code

  20. 21 11 13 INTERNATIONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Hirosuke

    31 E 32 F 32 #12; iv INTERNATIONAL ERGONOMICS ASSOCIATION #12; 3 INTERNATIONAL ERGONOMICS ASSOCIATION CODE OF CONDUCT ERGONOMICS ASSOCIATION (2006) http://www.iea.cc/browse.php?contID=international_ergonomics_association A6

  1. 2007 Wholesale Power Rate Case Initial Proposal : Revenue Requirement Study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this Study is to establish the level of revenues from wholesale power rates necessary to recover, in accordance with sound business principles, the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) costs associated with the production, acquisition, marketing, and conservation of electric power. The generation revenue requirement includes: recovery of the Federal investment in hydro generation, fish and wildlife and conservation costs; Federal agencies' operations and maintenance (O&M) expenses allocated to power; capitalized contract expenses associated with non-Federal power suppliers such as Energy Northwest (EN); other power purchase expenses, such as short-term power purchases; power marketing expenses; cost of transmission services necessary for the sale and delivery of FCRPS power; and all other generation-related costs incurred by the Administrator pursuant to law.

  2. Methods for generating or increasing revenues from crops

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Copenhaver, Gregory P.; Keith, Kevin; Preuss, Daphne

    2007-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides methods of doing business and providing services. For example, methods of increasing the revenue of crops are provided. To this end, the method includes the use of a nucleic acid sequences of plant centromeres. This will permit construction of stably inherited recombinant DNA constructs and mini chromosomes which can serve as vectors for the construction of transgenic plant and animal cells.

  3. Travel Codes Traveler Is Employee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    Travel Codes Traveler Is Employee: 64100-Domestic Travel 64150-Mileage 64200-International Travel Supplies & Expense Codes 71410-Office Supplies 71430-Lab/Research Supplies (dollar value of each item less Charges Equipment Codes 84320-Equipment (non-computer & peripherals) with a cost of $5,000.00 or more per

  4. Oil revenue and economic development case of Libyan economy (1970-2007).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Issa Saleh

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This study aims to investigate different aspects of the relationship between oil revenues and economic development for the Libyan economy. To do so this thesis… (more)

  5. Alaska Electric Light&Power Co (Alaska) EIA Revenue and Sales...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    November 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Alaska Electric Light&Power Co for November 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales...

  6. Alaska Electric Light&Power Co (Alaska) EIA Revenue and Sales...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    December 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Alaska Electric Light&Power Co for December 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales...

  7. Exploring Opportunities for Energy Efficiency as a Revenue Stream in the Forward Capacity Markets

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides information for energy efficiency programs on the opportunities and challenges associated with participating in forward capacity markets and reliability pricing models as potential revenue streams.

  8. Spinal codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perry, Jonathan, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spinal codes are a new class of rateless codes that enable wireless networks to cope with time-varying channel conditions in a natural way, without requiring any explicit bit rate selection. The key idea in the code is the ...

  9. Assessment of net lost revenue adjustment mechanisms for utility DSM programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baxter, L.W.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Utility shareholders can lose money on demand-side management (DSM) investments between rate cases. Several industry analysts argue that the revenues lost from utility DSM programs are an important financial disincentive to utility DSM investment. A key utility regulatory reform undertaken since 1989 allows utilities to recover the lost revenues incurred through successful operation of DSM programs. Explicitly defined net lost revenue adjustment (NLRA) mechanisms are states` preferred approach to lost revenue recovery from DSM programs. This report examines the experiences states and utilities are having with the NLRA approach. The report has three objectives. First, we determine whether NLRA is a feasible and successful approach to removing the lost-revenue disincentive to utility operation of DSM programs. Second, we identify the conditions linked to successful implementation of NLRA mechanisms in different states and assess whether NLRA has changed utility investment behavior. Third, we suggest improvements to NLRA mechanisms. We first identify states with NLRA mechanisms where utilities are recovering lost revenues from DSM programs. We interview staff at regulatory agencies in all these states and utility staff in four states. These interviews focus on the status of NLRA, implementation issues, DSM measurement issues, and NLRA results. We also analyze regulatory agency orders on NLRA, as well as associated testimony, reports, and utility lost revenue recovery filings. Finally, we use qualitative and quantitative indicators to assess NLRA`s effectiveness. Contrary to the concerns raised by some industry analysts, our results indicate NLRA is a feasible approach to the lost-revenue disincentive.

  10. Carbon Tax Revenue and the Budget Deficit: A Win-Win-Win Solution?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rausch, Sebastian

    Bush-era tax cuts are scheduled to expire at the end of 2012, leading to interest in raising revenue through a carbon tax. This revenue could be used to either cut other taxes or to avoid cuts in Federal programs. There ...

  11. Maximizing Cloud Providers Revenues via Energy Aware Allocation Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazzucco, Michele; Deters, Ralph

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cloud providers, like Amazon, offer their data centers' computational and storage capacities for lease to paying customers. High electricity consumption, associated with running a data center, not only reflects on its carbon footprint, but also increases the costs of running the data center itself. This paper addresses the problem of maximizing the revenues of Cloud providers by trimming down their electricity costs. As a solution allocation policies which are based on the dynamic powering servers on and off are introduced and evaluated. The policies aim at satisfying the conflicting goals of maximizing the users' experience while minimizing the amount of consumed electricity. The results of numerical experiments and simulations are described, showing that the proposed scheme performs well under different traffic conditions.

  12. Energy Codes at a Glance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, Pamala C.; Richman, Eric E.

    2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Feeling dim from energy code confusion? Read on to give your inspections a charge. The U.S. Department of Energy’s Building Energy Codes Program addresses hundreds of inquiries from the energy codes community every year. This article offers clarification for topics of confusion submitted to BECP Technical Support of interest to electrical inspectors, focusing on the residential and commercial energy code requirements based on the most recently published 2006 International Energy Conservation Code® and ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA1 Standard 90.1-2004.

  13. Statewide Electricity and Demand Capacity Savings from the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) Adoption for Single-Family Residences in Texas (2002-2011)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, H.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J. S.; Yazdani, B.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is the continuation of the previous 2011 Statewide Electricity Savings report from code-compliant, single-family residences built between 2002 and 2009. Statewide electricity and electric demand savings achieved from the adoption...

  14. A Comparison of the 2003 and 2006 International Energy Conservation Codes to Determine the Potential Impact on Residential Building Energy Efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stovall, Therese K [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL

    2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The IECC was updated in 2006. As required in the Energy Conservation and Production Act of 1992, Title 3, DOE has a legislative requirement to "determine whether such revision would improve energy efficiency in residential buildings" within 12 months of the latest revision. This requirement is part of a three-year cycle of regular code updates. To meet this requirement, an independent review was completed using personnel experienced in building science but not involved in the code development process.

  15. International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering 3:10 2008 Optimal Power Allocation for the Proposed Asymmetric Turbo Code for 3G Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Ramasamy; B. Balamuralithara; Mohammad Umar Siddiqi

    Abstract—We proposed a new class of asymmetric turbo encoder for 3G systems that performs well in both “water fall ” and “error floor ” regions in [7]. In this paper, a modified (optimal) power allocation scheme for the different bits of new class of asymmetric turbo encoder has been investigated to enhance the performance. The simulation results and performance bound for proposed asymmetric turbo code with modified Unequal Power Allocation (UPA) scheme for the frame length, N=400, code rate, r=1/3 with Log-MAP decoder over Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) channel are obtained and compared with the system with typical UPA and without UPA. The performance tests are extended over AWGN channel for different frame size to verify the possibility of implementation of the modified UPA scheme for the proposed asymmetric turbo code. From the performance results, it is observed that the proposed asymmetric turbo code with modified UPA performs better than the system without UPA and with typical UPA and it provides a coding gain of 0.4 to 0.52dB. Keywords—Asymmetric turbo code, Generator polynomial, Interleaver, UPA, WCDMA, cdma2000. I.

  16. Modelling the performance of revenue management systems in different competitive environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dar, Maital

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the wake of contemporary widespread fare simplification in many major airline markets, this thesis is concerned with the possibilities and the potential for airline revenue management in less-differentiated fare ...

  17. Alaska Electric Light&Power Co (Alaska) EIA Revenue and Sales...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    August 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-08 Utility Company Alaska Electric Light&Power Co (Alaska) Place Alaska Start Date 2008-08-01 End Date...

  18. Tradeoffs between revenue enhancements and emissions reductions with energy storage-coupled photovoltaics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heidel, Timothy David

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy storage has the potential to dramatically change the operation of photovoltaics by allowing for a delay between generation and use. This flexibility has the potential to impact both the revenue from generating ...

  19. The impact of federal revenue sharing on recreation and parks in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verinder, Sydney Henry

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to return power to the people and strengthen the state and local partners in our federal system. . ~ . a New Fed- eralism. " (Department of the Treasury, 1974a: 1) Revenue Sharing goes a step beyond block grants in giving states and localities autonomy... December 1974 Major Subject& Recreation and Resources Development THE Il&PACT OF FEDERAL REVENUE SHARING ON RECREATION AND PARKS IN TEXAS A Thesis by SYDNEY HENRY VERINDER Approved as to style and content by: ai . an of' Committee . ead...

  20. Internal dosimetry software comparison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fulmer, Judith Renee

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (ICRP) published in 1979 provided an improved approach for the assessment of internal dose. The ICRP recommendations were implemented in federal regulations promulgated by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in the Code of Federal Regulations (10... in the assessment of internal dose has led to the development of various computer software. In this study, several internal dosimetry codes were examined using a standard set of benchmark problems incorporating authentic exposure data. Personal computer...

  1. Introduction to Algebraic Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    codes. Since the elementary coding theory is assumed to be of interest only to ... the algebraic codes, mainly BCH codes, Reed-Solomon codes and classical ...

  2. Holographic codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latorre, Jose I

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There exists a remarkable four-qutrit state that carries absolute maximal entanglement in all its partitions. Employing this state, we construct a tensor network that delivers a holographic many body state, the H-code, where the physical properties of the boundary determine those of the bulk. This H-code is made of an even superposition of states whose relative Hamming distances are exponentially large with the size of the boundary. This property makes H-codes natural states for a quantum memory. H-codes exist on tori of definite sizes and get classified in three different sectors characterized by the sum of their qutrits on cycles wrapped through the boundaries of the system. We construct a parent Hamiltonian for the H-code which is highly non local and finally we compute the topological entanglement entropy of the H-code.

  3. Holographic codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jose I. Latorre; German Sierra

    2015-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    There exists a remarkable four-qutrit state that carries absolute maximal entanglement in all its partitions. Employing this state, we construct a tensor network that delivers a holographic many body state, the H-code, where the physical properties of the boundary determine those of the bulk. This H-code is made of an even superposition of states whose relative Hamming distances are exponentially large with the size of the boundary. This property makes H-codes natural states for a quantum memory. H-codes exist on tori of definite sizes and get classified in three different sectors characterized by the sum of their qutrits on cycles wrapped through the boundaries of the system. We construct a parent Hamiltonian for the H-code which is highly non local and finally we compute the topological entanglement entropy of the H-code.

  4. Financial sustainability in municipal solid waste management – Costs and revenues in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lohri, Christian Riuji, E-mail: christian.lohri@eawag.ch; Camenzind, Ephraim Joseph, E-mail: ephraimcamenzind@hotmail.com; Zurbrügg, Christian, E-mail: christian.zurbruegg@eawag.ch

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: • Cost-revenue analysis over 2 years revealed insufficient cost-recovery. • Expenses for motorized secondary collection increased by 82% over two years. • Low fee collection rate and reliance on only one revenue stream are problematic. • Different options for cost reduction and enhanced revenue streams are recommended. • Good public–private alliance is crucial to plan and implement improvement measures. - Abstract: Providing good solid waste management (SWM) services while also ensuring financial sustainability of the system continues to be a major challenge in cities of developing countries. Bahir Dar in northwestern Ethiopia outsourced municipal waste services to a private waste company in 2008. While this institutional change has led to substantial improvement in the cleanliness of the city, its financial sustainability remains unclear. Is the private company able to generate sufficient revenues from their activities to offset the costs and generate some profit? This paper presents a cost-revenue analysis, based on data from July 2009 to June 2011. The analysis reveals that overall costs in Bahir Dar’s SWM system increased significantly during this period, mainly due to rising costs related to waste transportation. On the other hand, there is only one major revenue stream in place: the waste collection fee from households, commercial enterprises and institutions. As the efficiency of fee collection from households is only around 50%, the total amount of revenues are not sufficient to cover the running costs. This results in a substantial yearly deficit. The results of the research therefore show that a more detailed cost structure and cost-revenue analysis of this waste management service is important with appropriate measures, either by the privates sector itself or with the support of the local authorities, in order to enhance cost efficiency and balance the cost-revenues towards cost recovery. Delays in mitigating the evident financial deficit could else endanger the public-private partnership (PPP) and lead to failure of this setup in the medium to long term, thus also endangering the now existing improved and currently reliable service. We present four options on how financial sustainability of the SWM system in Bahir Dar might be enhanced: (i) improved fee collection efficiency by linking the fees of solid waste collection to water supply; (ii) increasing the value chain by sales of organic waste recycling products; (iii) diversifying revenue streams and financing mechanisms (polluter-pays-, cross-subsidy- and business-principles); and (iv) cost reduction and improved cost-effectiveness. We argue that in a PPP setup such as in Bahir Dar, a strong alliance between the municipality and private enterprise is important so that appropriate solutions for improved financial sustainability of a SWM system can be sought and implemented.

  5. Appeared in Proceedings of First International ACM/IEEE Symposium on Code Generation and Optimization, 2003 Optimizing Memory Accesses For Spatial Computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Budiu, Mihai

    many efficient and powerful optimizations it cannot be easily applied in the presence of pointers and Optimization, 2003 Optimizing Memory Accesses For Spatial Computation Mihai Budiu and Seth C. Goldstein present the internal representation and optimizations used by the CASH compiler for improving the memory

  6. Estimating the maximum potential revenue for grid connected electricity storage : arbitrage and regulation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Byrne, Raymond Harry; Silva Monroy, Cesar Augusto.

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The valuation of an electricity storage device is based on the expected future cash ow generated by the device. Two potential sources of income for an electricity storage system are energy arbitrage and participation in the frequency regulation market. Energy arbitrage refers to purchasing (stor- ing) energy when electricity prices are low, and selling (discharging) energy when electricity prices are high. Frequency regulation is an ancillary service geared towards maintaining system frequency, and is typically procured by the independent system operator in some type of market. This paper outlines the calculations required to estimate the maximum potential revenue from participating in these two activities. First, a mathematical model is presented for the state of charge as a function of the storage device parameters and the quantities of electricity purchased/sold as well as the quantities o ered into the regulation market. Using this mathematical model, we present a linear programming optimization approach to calculating the maximum potential revenue from an elec- tricity storage device. The calculation of the maximum potential revenue is critical in developing an upper bound on the value of storage, as a benchmark for evaluating potential trading strate- gies, and a tool for capital nance risk assessment. Then, we use historical California Independent System Operator (CAISO) data from 2010-2011 to evaluate the maximum potential revenue from the Tehachapi wind energy storage project, an American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) energy storage demonstration project. We investigate the maximum potential revenue from two di erent scenarios: arbitrage only and arbitrage combined with the regulation market. Our analysis shows that participation in the regulation market produces four times the revenue compared to arbitrage in the CAISO market using 2010 and 2011 data. Then we evaluate several trading strategies to illustrate how they compare to the maximum potential revenue benchmark. We conclude with a sensitivity analysis with respect to key parameters.

  7. November 15, 2012 Webinar: Exploring Opportunities for Energy Efficiency as a Revenue Stream in the Forward Capacity Markets

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    November 15, 2012 Webinar: Exploring Opportunities for Energy Efficiency as a Revenue Stream in the Forward Capacity Markets, Better Buildings Neighborhood Program; regional transmission organizations (RTOs)

  8. High Performance “Reach” Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edelson, J.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jim Edelson New Buildings Institute A Growing Role for Codes and Stretch Codes in Utility Programs Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency November 9, 2011 ESL-KT-11-11-39 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 New Buildings Institute ESL..., Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 ?31? Flavors of Codes ? Building Codes Construction Codes Energy Codes Stretch or Reach Energy Codes Above-code programs Green or Sustainability Codes Model Codes ?Existing Building? Codes Outcome-Based Codes ESL-KT-11...

  9. Speech coding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ravishankar, C., Hughes Network Systems, Germantown, MD

    1998-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Speech is the predominant means of communication between human beings and since the invention of the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876, speech services have remained to be the core service in almost all telecommunication systems. Original analog methods of telephony had the disadvantage of speech signal getting corrupted by noise, cross-talk and distortion Long haul transmissions which use repeaters to compensate for the loss in signal strength on transmission links also increase the associated noise and distortion. On the other hand digital transmission is relatively immune to noise, cross-talk and distortion primarily because of the capability to faithfully regenerate digital signal at each repeater purely based on a binary decision. Hence end-to-end performance of the digital link essentially becomes independent of the length and operating frequency bands of the link Hence from a transmission point of view digital transmission has been the preferred approach due to its higher immunity to noise. The need to carry digital speech became extremely important from a service provision point of view as well. Modem requirements have introduced the need for robust, flexible and secure services that can carry a multitude of signal types (such as voice, data and video) without a fundamental change in infrastructure. Such a requirement could not have been easily met without the advent of digital transmission systems, thereby requiring speech to be coded digitally. The term Speech Coding is often referred to techniques that represent or code speech signals either directly as a waveform or as a set of parameters by analyzing the speech signal. In either case, the codes are transmitted to the distant end where speech is reconstructed or synthesized using the received set of codes. A more generic term that is applicable to these techniques that is often interchangeably used with speech coding is the term voice coding. This term is more generic in the sense that the coding techniques are equally applicable to any voice signal whether or not it carries any intelligible information, as the term speech implies. Other terms that are commonly used are speech compression and voice compression since the fundamental idea behind speech coding is to reduce (compress) the transmission rate (or equivalently the bandwidth) And/or reduce storage requirements In this document the terms speech and voice shall be used interchangeably.

  10. A Study of Revenue Flows in Packet Networks under Multiple Administrative Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Study of Revenue Flows in Packet Networks under Multiple Administrative Domains Saadullah Tareenx that they usually only consider a single network and always consider a single administrative domain when for a detailed study of more realistic networks under multiple administrative domains. The interac- tions between

  11. Tax-versus-trading and efficient revenue recycling as issues for greenhouse gas abatement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pezzey, Jack

    Tax-versus-trading and efficient revenue recycling as issues for greenhouse gas abatement Final abatement, using the first multi-party model to include both tax-versus-trading under uncertainties of an emissions tax over emissions (permit) trading in handling abatement-cost uncertainties, from that shown

  12. Revenue Maximization in Reservation-based Online Advertising Through Dynamic Inventory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomkins, Andrew

    Revenue Maximization in Reservation-based Online Advertising Through Dynamic Inventory Management inventory on content sites owned by publishers (e.g., CNN, amazon, etc.). Sales representatives, acting on behalf of publishers, sell inventory (impression) bundles of various types (text, video, multimedia, etc

  13. Semi-Markov Adaptive Critic Heuristics with Application to Airline Revenue Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gosavi, Abhijit

    Semi-Markov Adaptive Critic Heuristics with Application to Airline Revenue Management Ketaki Management and Systems Engineering Missouri University of Science and Technology Rolla, MO 65409 Abstract the time spent in each transition of the underlying Markov chains is itself a random variable

  14. Assessing the Impact of Heat Rejection Technology on CSP Plant Revenue: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wagner, M. J.; Kutscher, C. F.

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper explores the impact of cooling technology on revenue for hybrid-cooled plants with varying wet cooling penetration for four representative locations in the American Southwest. The impact of ACC design-point initial temperature difference (ITD - the difference between the condensing steam temperature and ambient dry-bulb) is also included in the analysis.

  15. National Agenda for Hydrogen Codes and Standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blake, C.

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides an overview of hydrogen codes and standards with an emphasis on the national effort supported and managed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). With the help and cooperation of standards and model code development organizations, industry, and other interested parties, DOE has established a coordinated national agenda for hydrogen and fuel cell codes and standards. With the adoption of the Research, Development, and Demonstration Roadmap and with its implementation through the Codes and Standards Technical Team, DOE helps strengthen the scientific basis for requirements incorporated in codes and standards that, in turn, will facilitate international market receptivity for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies.

  16. Thermal Bypass Air Barriers in the 2009 International Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Thermal Bypass Air Barriers in the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code - Building America Top Innovation Thermal Bypass Air Barriers in the 2009 International Energy...

  17. ASME Code Efforts Supporting HTGRs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D.K. Morton

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1999, an international collaborative initiative for the development of advanced (Generation IV) reactors was started. The idea behind this effort was to bring nuclear energy closer to the needs of sustainability, to increase proliferation resistance, and to support concepts able to produce energy (both electricity and process heat) at competitive costs. The U.S. Department of Energy has supported this effort by pursuing the development of the Next Generation Nuclear Plant, a high temperature gas-cooled reactor. This support has included research and development of pertinent data, initial regulatory discussions, and engineering support of various codes and standards development. This report discusses the various applicable American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) codes and standards that are being developed to support these high temperature gascooled reactors during construction and operation. ASME is aggressively pursuing these codes and standards to support an international effort to build the next generation of advanced reactors so that all can benefit.

  18. ASME Code Efforts Supporting HTGRs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D.K. Morton

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1999, an international collaborative initiative for the development of advanced (Generation IV) reactors was started. The idea behind this effort was to bring nuclear energy closer to the needs of sustainability, to increase proliferation resistance, and to support concepts able to produce energy (both electricity and process heat) at competitive costs. The U.S. Department of Energy has supported this effort by pursuing the development of the Next Generation Nuclear Plant, a high temperature gas-cooled reactor. This support has included research and development of pertinent data, initial regulatory discussions, and engineering support of various codes and standards development. This report discusses the various applicable American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) codes and standards that are being developed to support these high temperature gascooled reactors during construction and operation. ASME is aggressively pursuing these codes and standards to support an international effort to build the next generation of advanced reactors so that all can benefit.

  19. Publication Kind Codes in STN Patent Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffmann, Armin

    Publication Kind Codes in STN Patent Databases Dokumentenart-Codes in STN-Patentdatenbanken Imprint Abstracts (CAPLUS), Chemical Abstracts (CAPLUS), Derwent World Patents Index (DWPI), and Derwent World Patents Index (DWPI)und INPADOCDB INPADOCDB international patent databases, together with a short

  20. INTERNATIONAL International Internship for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Napier, Terrence

    OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS International Internship for Global Leadership Program Student Portugal ­ Laura Sieger Ukraine ­ Mary Brune 2012 Internship Locations #12;Dear Friends and Colleagues of Lehigh University: The International Internship for Global Leadership Program provides Lehigh students

  1. Esthetically Designed Municipal PV System Maximizes Energy Production and Revenue Return

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In late 2008, the City of Sebastopol, CA installed a unique 42 kW grid-interactive photovoltaic (PV) system to provide electricity for pumps of the Sebastopol municipal water system. The resulting innovative Sun Dragon PV system, located in a public park, includes design elements that provide optimized electrical performance and revenue generation for the energy produced while also presenting an artistic and unique appearance to park visitors.

  2. Generalized concatenated quantum codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grassl, Markus

    We discuss the concept of generalized concatenated quantum codes. This generalized concatenation method provides a systematical way for constructing good quantum codes, both stabilizer codes and nonadditive codes. Using ...

  3. Effect of oil revenue on the fertility pattern in Iran, 1952-1976

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nassirpour, M.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Counter to expectation based on the experience of developed nations, in Iran the increase of oil revenue from 1952 to 1975 was not accompanied by a decline in the fertility rate. To identify possible determinants of fertility behavior, the following hypotheses were tested: 1) developmental factors such as urbanization, high school or higher education of females, types of occupation and female labor force participation, have a direct negative impact; 2) the developmental variables have an indirect negative effect on fertility through the mean age at first marriage; 3) mean age at first marriage has a direct negative effect on fertility; and 4) in the provinces (Central, Khuzestan, Esfahan, E. Azarbijan) where large amounts of oil revenue was allocated, the fertility rate is lower than the fertility rate in other provinces where small amounts of oil revenue were distributed. Among developmental variables, high school and college education of females aged 15-29 as well as mean age at first marriage of females, or, lower proportion of married females age 20-24 were found to be important factors in depressing the fertility rate.

  4. Concatenated Conjugate Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitsuru Hamada

    2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A conjugate code pair is defined as a pair of linear codes either of which contains the dual of the other. A conjugate code pair represents the essential structure of the corresponding Calderbank-Shor-Steane (CSS) quantum code. It is known that conjugate code pairs are applicable to (quantum) cryptography. We give a construction method for efficiently decodable conjugate code pairs.

  5. Hydrogen Codes and Standards National Renewable Energy Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to form working groups to develop hydrogen standards under International Organization for Standards (ISO. These efforts have help in encouraging organizations such as International Code Council (ICC), the National FireHydrogen Codes and Standards James Ohi National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Blvd. Golden

  6. Bio:Matthew Andrews is a Distinguished Member of Technical Staff at Alcatel-Lucent Bell Labs. His research interests include combinatorial optimization, operations research and data analytics, with applications to resource allocation and revenue managemen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    , with applications to resource allocation and revenue management in wireless networks, energy-efficient

  7. Homological stabilizer codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, Jonas T., E-mail: jonastyleranderson@gmail.com

    2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we define homological stabilizer codes on qubits which encompass codes such as Kitaev's toric code and the topological color codes. These codes are defined solely by the graphs they reside on. This feature allows us to use properties of topological graph theory to determine the graphs which are suitable as homological stabilizer codes. We then show that all toric codes are equivalent to homological stabilizer codes on 4-valent graphs. We show that the topological color codes and toric codes correspond to two distinct classes of graphs. We define the notion of label set equivalencies and show that under a small set of constraints the only homological stabilizer codes without local logical operators are equivalent to Kitaev's toric code or to the topological color codes. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We show that Kitaev's toric codes are equivalent to homological stabilizer codes on 4-valent graphs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We show that toric codes and color codes correspond to homological stabilizer codes on distinct graphs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We find and classify all 2D homological stabilizer codes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We find optimal codes among the homological stabilizer codes.

  8. Expenses Revenues

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicy and Assistance100 tonusingdeposition.EnergyExpedited6 ARMExpenses

  9. Revenue from Retail Sales of Electricity (Thousand Dollars) by State by Provider

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ <Information Administration (EIA) 10 MECS Survey Data 2010Feet) Year53 2.370 2.359 2.342Revenue

  10. Quantum error correcting codes and 4-dimensional arithmetic hyperbolic manifolds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guth, Larry, E-mail: lguth@math.mit.edu [Department of Mathematics, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Lubotzky, Alexander, E-mail: alex.lubotzky@mail.huji.ac.il [Institute of Mathematics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel)

    2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Using 4-dimensional arithmetic hyperbolic manifolds, we construct some new homological quantum error correcting codes. They are low density parity check codes with linear rate and distance n{sup ?}. Their rate is evaluated via Euler characteristic arguments and their distance using Z{sub 2}-systolic geometry. This construction answers a question of Zémor [“On Cayley graphs, surface codes, and the limits of homological coding for quantum error correction,” in Proceedings of Second International Workshop on Coding and Cryptology (IWCC), Lecture Notes in Computer Science Vol. 5557 (2009), pp. 259–273], who asked whether homological codes with such parameters could exist at all.

  11. Generalized Concatenation for Quantum Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grassl, Markus

    We show how good quantum error-correcting codes can be constructed using generalized concatenation. The inner codes are quantum codes, the outer codes can be linear or nonlinear classical codes. Many new good codes are ...

  12. Guam- Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    NOTE: In September 2012, The Guam Building Code Council adopted the draft [http://www.guamenergy.com/outreach-education/guam-tropical-energy-code/ Guam Tropical Energy Code]. It must be adopted by...

  13. Codeword Stabilized Quantum Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew Cross; Graeme Smith; John A. Smolin; Bei Zeng

    2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a unifying approach to quantum error correcting code design that encompasses additive (stabilizer) codes, as well as all known examples of nonadditive codes with good parameters. We use this framework to generate new codes with superior parameters to any previously known. In particular, we find ((10,18,3)) and ((10,20,3)) codes. We also show how to construct encoding circuits for all codes within our framework.

  14. Generalized Concatenated Quantum Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markus Grassl; Peter Shor; Graeme Smith; John Smolin; Bei Zeng

    2009-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce the concept of generalized concatenated quantum codes. This generalized concatenation method provides a systematical way for constructing good quantum codes, both stabilizer codes and nonadditive codes. Using this method, we construct families of new single-error-correcting nonadditive quantum codes, in both binary and nonbinary cases, which not only outperform any stabilizer codes for finite block length, but also asymptotically achieve the quantum Hamming bound for large block length.

  15. Encoding Subsystem Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pradeep Kiran Sarvepalli; Andreas Klappenecker

    2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we investigate the encoding of operator quantum error correcting codes i.e. subsystem codes. We show that encoding of subsystem codes can be reduced to encoding of a related stabilizer code making it possible to use all the known results on encoding of stabilizer codes. Along the way we also show how Clifford codes can be encoded. We also show that gauge qubits can be exploited to reduce the encoding complexity.

  16. On optimal constacyclic codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giuliano G. La Guardia

    2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we investigate the class of constacyclic codes, which is a natural generalization of the class of cyclic and negacyclic codes. This class of codes is interesting in the sense that it contains codes with good or even optimal parameters. In this light, we propose constructions of families of classical block and convolutional maximum-distance-separable (MDS) constacyclic codes, as well as families of asymmetric quantum MDS codes derived from (classical-block) constacyclic codes. These results are mainly derived from the investigation of suitable properties on cyclotomic cosets of these corresponding codes.

  17. Description and application of the AERIN Code at LLNL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, W.C.

    1986-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The AERIN code was written at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in 1976 to compute the organ burdens and absorbed dose resulting from a chronic or acute inhalation of transuranic isotopes. The code was revised in 1982 to reflect the concepts of ICRP-30. This paper will describe the AERIN code and how it has been used at LLNL to study more than 80 cases of internal deposition and obtain estimates of internal dose. A comparison with the computed values of the committed organ dose is made with ICRP-30 values. The benefits of using the code are described. 3 refs., 3 figs., 6 tabs.

  18. Recommendations for 15% Above-Code Energy Efficiency Measures for Residential Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, C.; Yazdani, B.; Culp, C.; Haberl, J. S.; Liu, Z.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Malhotra, M.

    This report presents detailed information about the recommendations for achieving 15% above-code energy performance for single-family residences. The analysis was performed using a simulation model of an International Energy Conservation Code (IECC...

  19. Generalized Concatenation for Quantum Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markus Grassl; Peter W. Shor; Bei Zeng

    2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We show how good quantum error-correcting codes can be constructed using generalized concatenation. The inner codes are quantum codes, the outer codes can be linear or nonlinear classical codes. Many new good codes are found, including both stabilizer codes as well as so-called nonadditive codes.

  20. E-Print Network 3.0 - annual internal taxation Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Property Income... taxation revenues, and react to changes in the balance between central government grants and local revenues... . This failure to replenish revenues by raising...

  1. Graph concatenation for quantum codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beigi, Salman

    Graphs are closely related to quantum error-correcting codes: every stabilizer code is locally equivalent to a graph code and every codeword stabilized code can be described by a graph and a classical code. For the ...

  2. CONCATENATED CODES BASED ON MULTIDIMENSIONAL PARITY-CHECK CODES AND TURBO CODES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Tan F.

    CONCATENATED CODES BASED ON MULTIDIMENSIONAL PARITY-CHECK CODES AND TURBO CODES John M. Shea, Florida Abstract--Turbo-codes provide communications near capac- ity when very large interleavers (and parity-check code can be used as an outer code with a turbo code as an inner code in a serial

  3. Who is winning the cell-phone wars? Answer: it depends how you count. Units, market share, revenue, profit.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South Bohemia, University of

    Who is winning the cell-phone wars? Answer: it depends how you count. Units, market share, revenue launched. According to another analyst, Cannaccord, Apple now has four percent of the cell-phone market quarter, not that far off a million a day. iPhone sales increased by 4 million but its market share

  4. Published in ICSE'07: Proceedings of the 29th International Conference on Software Engineering, Minneapolis, Minnesota, May 2007 Mining Security-Sensitive Operations in Legacy Code using Concept Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yener, Aylin

    This paper presents an approach to statically retrofit legacy servers with mechanisms for authorization. A team of software engineers in- spects the code of the server to determine locations where security. Not surprisingly, this process is time consuming and er- ror prone [18, 32]. For example, it took almost two years

  5. Joint Source-Channel Coding via Turbo Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alajaji, Fady

    Joint Source-Channel Coding via Turbo Codes by Guang-Chong Zhu A dissertation submitted coding. One of the most exciting break- throughs in channel coding is the invention of Turbo codes, whose- tigate three joint source-channel coding issues in the context of Turbo codes. In the #12;rst part

  6. Unfolding the color code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aleksander Kubica; Beni Yoshida; Fernando Pastawski

    2015-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The topological color code and the toric code are two leading candidates for realizing fault-tolerant quantum computation. Here we show that the color code on a $d$-dimensional closed manifold is equivalent to multiple decoupled copies of the $d$-dimensional toric code up to local unitary transformations and adding or removing ancilla qubits. Our result not only generalizes the proven equivalence for $d=2$, but also provides an explicit recipe of how to decouple independent components of the color code, highlighting the importance of colorability in the construction of the code. Moreover, for the $d$-dimensional color code with $d+1$ boundaries of $d+1$ distinct colors, we find that the code is equivalent to multiple copies of the $d$-dimensional toric code which are attached along a $(d-1)$-dimensional boundary. In particular, for $d=2$, we show that the (triangular) color code with boundaries is equivalent to the (folded) toric code with boundaries. We also find that the $d$-dimensional toric code admits logical non-Pauli gates from the $d$-th level of the Clifford hierarchy, and thus saturates the bound by Bravyi and K\\"{o}nig. In particular, we show that the $d$-qubit control-$Z$ logical gate can be fault-tolerantly implemented on the stack of $d$ copies of the toric code by a local unitary transformation.

  7. List decoding of subspace codes and rank-metric codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahdavifar, Hessam

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2.2.2 Koetter-Kschischang Codes . . . . . . . . . . . .of Subspace Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.1 OverviewList-decodable Codes of Arbitrary Dimension . . . . . . .

  8. Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more...

  9. Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    ''Note: Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For...

  10. Model Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    ''Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more...

  11. Compiling Codes on Euclid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Compiling Codes Compiling Codes Overview Open Mpi is the the only MPI library available on Euclid. This implementation of MPI-2 is described at Open MPI: Open Source High...

  12. Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    ''Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more...

  13. Homological Product Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergey Bravyi; Matthew B. Hastings

    2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum codes with low-weight stabilizers known as LDPC codes have been actively studied recently due to their simple syndrome readout circuits and potential applications in fault-tolerant quantum computing. However, all families of quantum LDPC codes known to this date suffer from a poor distance scaling limited by the square-root of the code length. This is in a sharp contrast with the classical case where good families of LDPC codes are known that combine constant encoding rate and linear distance. Here we propose the first family of good quantum codes with low-weight stabilizers. The new codes have a constant encoding rate, linear distance, and stabilizers acting on at most $\\sqrt{n}$ qubits, where $n$ is the code length. For comparison, all previously known families of good quantum codes have stabilizers of linear weight. Our proof combines two techniques: randomized constructions of good quantum codes and the homological product operation from algebraic topology. We conjecture that similar methods can produce good stabilizer codes with stabilizer weight $n^a$ for any $a>0$. Finally, we apply the homological product to construct new small codes with low-weight stabilizers.

  14. Sustainable Acquisition Coding System | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Sustainable Acquisition Coding System Sustainable Acquisition Coding System Sustainable Acquisition Coding System Sustainable Acquisition Coding System More Documents &...

  15. Understanding Perception Through Neural 'Codes'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Walter J III

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Perception Through Neural ‘Codes’. In: Special Issue on “Perception Through Neural ‘Codes’. In: Special Issue on “Perception Through Neural ‘Codes’. In: Special Issue on “

  16. Shortened Turbo Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David J.C. MacKay

    Simple arguments suggest that shortened codes must have distance properties equal to or better than those of their parent codes, and that they should be equally practical to decode. This relationship holds true in the case of low density generator codes and low density parity check codes. We investigate the properties of shortened turbo codes. I. Motivation for Shortening In our previous work on codes based on very sparse matrices we have observed that while codes with a low density generator matrix [1] are asymptotically bad, codes with a low density parity check matrix [2] are asymptotically good [3, 4, 5]. One way of viewing the relationship between low density generator matrix codes and low density parity check matrix codes is that one obtains a low density parity check matrix by taking the M \\Theta N parity check matrix [P IM ] of a (N; K) low density generator matrix code and chopping off its right-most M columns (where M = N \\Gamma K), to yield an M \\Theta K matrix [P], which...

  17. Code Red 2 kills off Code Red 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paxson, Vern

    #12;#12;Code Red 2 kills off Code Red 1 Code Red 2 settles into weekly pattern Nimda enters the ecosystem Code Red 2 dies off as programmed CR 1 returns thanks to bad clocks #12;Code Red 2 dies off as programmed Nimda hums along, slowly cleaned up With its predator gone, Code Red 1 comes back, still

  18. Understanding Lustre Internals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Feiyi [ORNL; Oral, H Sarp [ORNL; Shipman, Galen M [ORNL; Drokin, Oleg [ORNL; Wang, Di [ORNL; Huang, He [ORNL

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lustre was initiated and funded, almost a decade ago, by the U.S. Department of Energy (DoE) Office of Science and National Nuclear Security Administration laboratories to address the need for an open source, highly-scalable, high-performance parallel filesystem on by then present and future supercomputing platforms. Throughout the last decade, it was deployed over numerous medium-to-large-scale supercomputing platforms and clusters, and it performed and met the expectations of the Lustre user community. As it stands at the time of writing this document, according to the Top500 list, 15 of the top 30 supercomputers in the world use Lustre filesystem. This report aims to present a streamlined overview on how Lustre works internally at reasonable details including relevant data structures, APIs, protocols and algorithms involved for Lustre version 1.6 source code base. More importantly, it tries to explain how various components interconnect with each other and function as a system. Portions of this report are based on discussions with Oak Ridge National Laboratory Lustre Center of Excellence team members and portions of it are based on our own understanding of how the code works. We, as the authors team bare all responsibilities for all errors and omissions in this document. We can only hope it helps current and future Lustre users and Lustre code developers as much as it helped us understanding the Lustre source code and its internal workings.

  19. Empirical study on the Korean treasury auction focusing on the revenue comparison in multiple versus single price auction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Boo-Sung

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    EMPIRICAL STUDY ON THE KOREAN TREASURY AUCTION FOCUSING ON THE REVENUE COMPARISON IN MULTIPLE VERSUS SINGLE PRICE AUCTION A Dissertation by BOO-SUNG KANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M... IN MULTIPLE VERSUS SINGLE PRICE AUCTION A Dissertation by BOO-SUNG KANG Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved as to style and content by...

  20. Impact of oil revenues on foreign policy: a comparative analysis of Iran and Kuwait, 1974-1978

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kavoossi, M.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study compares the pattern of investment and expenditure of oil revenues to discern the existence of common and divergent elements in the policies of these Persian Gulf members of OPEC: one small Arab country, and one large non-Arab country with basic human and technical infrastructure. The study specifically surveys the utilization of oil revenues for the purchase of arms and technology, and for foreign aid programs. Externally, the economic upsurge during this period generated a new quasi-independent economic and political foreign policy. This quasi-independence is reflected, in part, by the ability to choose partners and allies without fearing financial reprisal from the major and super powers; by greater self reliance and greater freedom of action and the ability to impose their will; by their ability to exert integrative or disintegrative economic pressure on alliances and pursue conflict or cooperation with other nations; and finally by their potential ability to draw other states into regional conflicts and to influence the global balance of power. The study views oil as the overriding factor, among multiple operative factors in determinants of foreign policy in this strategically crucial region. Oil contributes not only as a substantial part of the gross national product, but also provides the bulk of the nation's export and foreign exchange revenues needed for import. As such, its influence dwarfs the importance of non-oil trade.

  1. Effects of Residual Feed Intake Classification on Feed Efficiency, Feeding Behavior, Carcass Traits, and Net Revenue in Angus-Based Composite Steers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Joel

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    of $118 to profits of $170 per head (Langemeier et al., 1992). These drastic net revenue differentials are the result of substantial variability in input costs, feeder and fed cattle prices and cattle performance. 4 Past investigations into factors...

  2. The challenges of improving revenue-recognition standard for multiple-element firms:evidence from the software industry (SOP 97-2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srivastava, Anup

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    I investigated whether implementing SOP 97-2, the revenue-recognition standard for the software industry, reduces earnings informativeness. This standard is particularly important for two reasons: First, its provisions coincide with provisions...

  3. Mechanical code comparator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peter, Frank J. (Albuquerque, NM); Dalton, Larry J. (Bernalillo, NM); Plummer, David W. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new class of mechanical code comparators is described which have broad potential for application in safety, surety, and security applications. These devices can be implemented as micro-scale electromechanical systems that isolate a secure or otherwise controlled device until an access code is entered. This access code is converted into a series of mechanical inputs to the mechanical code comparator, which compares the access code to a pre-input combination, entered previously into the mechanical code comparator by an operator at the system security control point. These devices provide extremely high levels of robust security. Being totally mechanical in operation, an access control system properly based on such devices cannot be circumvented by software attack alone.

  4. ICAP (International Code Assessment and Applications Program) assessment of RELAP5/MOD2, Cycle 36. 05 against LOFT (Loss of Fluid Test) Small Break Experiment L3-7

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Euy-Joon; Chung, Bud-Dong; Kim, Hho-Jung (Korea Advanced Energy Research Inst., Daeduk-Danji (Republic of Korea). Korea Nuclear Safety Center)

    1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The LOFT small break (1 in-dia) experiment L3-7 has been analyzed using the reactor thermal hydraulic analysis code RELAP5/MOD2, Cycle 36.05. The base calculation (Case A) was completed and compared with the experimental data. Three types of sensitivity studies (Cases B, Cm, and D) were carried out to investigate the effects of (1) break discharge coefficient Cd, (2) pump two-phase difference multiplier and (3) High Pressure Injection System (HPIS) capacity on major thermal and hydraulic (T/H) parameters. A nodalization study (Case E) was conducted to assess the phenomena with a simplified nodalization. The results indicate that Cd of 0.9 and 0.1 fit to the single discharge flow rate of Test L3-7 best among the tried cases. The pump two-phase multiplier has little effects on the T/H parameters because of the low discharge flow rate and the early pump coast down in this smaller size SBLOCA. But HPIS capacity has a very strong influence on parameters such as pressure, flow and temperature. It is also shown that a simplified nodalization could accomodate the dominant T/H phenomena with the same degree of code accuracy and efficiency.

  5. Banner Index Codes The Index code is a data-entry shortcut for the Fund code, Org code, and Program code in Banner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banner Index Codes The Index code is a data-entry shortcut for the Fund code, Org code, and Program code in Banner Finance (FO-P's). Implementation of the Index has greatly decreased data entry coding ­ Account (object) - Program (FOAP) code numbers on any of your accounting forms (Contracts, Purchase Orders

  6. Graph Concatenation for Quantum Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salman Beigi; Isaac Chuang; Markus Grassl; Peter Shor; Bei Zeng

    2010-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphs are closely related to quantum error-correcting codes: every stabilizer code is locally equivalent to a graph code, and every codeword stabilized code can be described by a graph and a classical code. For the construction of good quantum codes of relatively large block length, concatenated quantum codes and their generalizations play an important role. We develop a systematic method for constructing concatenated quantum codes based on "graph concatenation", where graphs representing the inner and outer codes are concatenated via a simple graph operation called "generalized local complementation." Our method applies to both binary and non-binary concatenated quantum codes as well as their generalizations.

  7. Reed-Muller Codes: Spherically-Punctured Codes and Decoding Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kapralova, Olga

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Linear codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3.3 Code parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . .of linear codes . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 Reed-Muller

  8. Universal space-time codes from demultiplexed trellis codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kose, Cenk; Wesel, R D

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and A. R. Calderbank, “Space-time codes for high data ratePerformance criteria and code construction,” IEEE Trans.of space–time trellis codes,” IEEE Trans. Commun. , vol. 51,

  9. Relation Between Surface Codes and Hypermap-Homology Quantum Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pradeep Sarvepalli

    2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, a new class of quantum codes based on hypermaps were proposed. These codes are obtained from embeddings of hypergraphs as opposed to surface codes which are obtained from the embeddings of graphs. It is natural to compare these two classes of codes and their relation to each other. In this context two related questions are addressed in this paper: Can the parameters of hypermap-homology codes be superior to those of surface codes and what is precisely the relation between these two classes of quantum codes? We show that a canonical hypermap code is identical to a surface code while a noncanonical hypermap code can be transformed to a surface code by CNOT gates alone. Our approach is constructive; we construct the related surface code and the transformation involving CNOT gates.

  10. Report number codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, R.N. (ed.)

    1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication lists all report number codes processed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information. The report codes are substantially based on the American National Standards Institute, Standard Technical Report Number (STRN)-Format and Creation Z39.23-1983. The Standard Technical Report Number (STRN) provides one of the primary methods of identifying a specific technical report. The STRN consists of two parts: The report code and the sequential number. The report code identifies the issuing organization, a specific program, or a type of document. The sequential number, which is assigned in sequence by each report issuing entity, is not included in this publication. Part I of this compilation is alphabetized by report codes followed by issuing installations. Part II lists the issuing organization followed by the assigned report code(s). In both Parts I and II, the names of issuing organizations appear for the most part in the form used at the time the reports were issued. However, for some of the more prolific installations which have had name changes, all entries have been merged under the current name.

  11. IRS Contribution Limits and OSU Retirement Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    Impact: OTRS requires contributions on total compensation (salary plus benefits) without regardIRS Contribution Limits and OSU Retirement Programs The OSU Defined Contribution Plan (DCP), (for Revenue Code 401(a). The Internal Revenue Code restrictions on employer-paid contributions make

  12. Analysis of the OECD MSLB Benchmark Exercise III Using Coupled Codes RELAP5/PARCS and TRAC-M/PARCS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kozlowski, T.; Miller, R.M.; Downar, T.

    2001-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The NRC version of the 3-D neutron kinetics code PARCS was coupled with the NRC thermal-hydraulics codes RELAP5 and TRAC-M. The MSLB benchmark problem was performed to provide a consistent assessment of the paired codes. Results were presented using the return to power cross section set provided in the benchmark problem. The two code pairings gave similar results, with the small differences explained by the differences in the respective thermal-hydraulics code internal models and correlations.

  13. Quantum convolutional stabilizer codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chinthamani, Neelima

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    constructions of good quantum error-correcting codes were given by Steane [2] and Calderbank and Shor [3]. These codes protect the quantum information using additional qubits and make it possible to reverse the e®ects of the most likely errors. 10 Encouraged... is that accurate computation does not require perfect physical devices. B. Background The ¯rst quantum error correcting codes were discovered independently by Shor [1] and Steane [2], as mentioned in the previous section. Shor proved that 9 qubits could be used...

  14. Quantum stabilizer codes and beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pradeep Kiran Sarvepalli

    2008-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The importance of quantum error correction in paving the way to build a practical quantum computer is no longer in doubt. This dissertation makes a threefold contribution to the mathematical theory of quantum error-correcting codes. Firstly, it extends the framework of an important class of quantum codes -- nonbinary stabilizer codes. It clarifies the connections of stabilizer codes to classical codes over quadratic extension fields, provides many new constructions of quantum codes, and develops further the theory of optimal quantum codes and punctured quantum codes. Secondly, it contributes to the theory of operator quantum error correcting codes also called as subsystem codes. These codes are expected to have efficient error recovery schemes than stabilizer codes. This dissertation develops a framework for study and analysis of subsystem codes using character theoretic methods. In particular, this work establishes a close link between subsystem codes and classical codes showing that the subsystem codes can be constructed from arbitrary classical codes. Thirdly, it seeks to exploit the knowledge of noise to design efficient quantum codes and considers more realistic channels than the commonly studied depolarizing channel. It gives systematic constructions of asymmetric quantum stabilizer codes that exploit the asymmetry of errors in certain quantum channels.

  15. Unequal Error Protection Turbo Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henkel, Werner

    Unequal Error Protection Turbo Codes Diploma Thesis Neele von Deetzen Arbeitsbereich Nachrichtentechnik School of Engineering and Science Bremen, February 28th, 2005 #12;Unequal Error Protection Turbo Convolutional Codes / Turbo Codes 18 3.1 Structure

  16. Rateless Codes for AVC Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarwate, A D; Gastpar, M

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2004. [7] M. Luby, “LT codes,” in Proc. 43rd Ann. IEEE Symp.8] A. Shokrollahi, “Fountain codes,” in Proc. 41st AllertonChannel capacities for list codes,” J. Appl. Probabil. ,

  17. Praxis compiler internals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, A. Jr.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Praxis is a high level machine-oriented algebraic computer language, designed by Bolt Beranek and Newman, Inc. (BBN) and intended for such applications as process control, communications, and system programming in general. Under contract to Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories (LLNL), BBN has implemented the following three compilers for Praxis: a VAX compiler, running on VAX and producing VAX code; a PDP-11 compiler, running on the PDP-11 and producing code for that machine; and a cross compiler, running on VAX and producing code for the PDP-11. The compilers are written in Praxis and so compile themselves. Further, most of the code is common to the three compilers. This document describes the internal operation of the compilers. The emphasis is on the major data bases and interfaces with little discussion of the details of algorithms, since the latter can readily be deduced from study of the listings providing that the data being manipulated are understood. The purpose of this document is to provide enough information to a maintenance staff that does not include the initial implementors so that they can maintain the compiler and make modifications as requirements change.

  18. Amnesty International

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Martin Ennals est secrétaire général d'Amnesty International et fait un discours sur les droits de l'homme

  19. Climate Code Foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnes, Nick; Jones, David

    2011-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Climate Code Foundation - who are we? A non-profit organisation founded in August 2010; our goal is to promote the public understanding of climate science, by increasing the visibility and clarity of the software used in climate science...

  20. No Code: Null Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montfort, Nick

    2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    To continue the productive discussion of uninscribed artworks in Craig Dworkin’s No Medium, this report discusses, in detail, those computer programs that have no code, and are thus empty or null. Several specific examples ...

  1. ENGINEERING INTERNATIONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    COURSE GUIDE 2013 UTS: ENGINEERING INTERNATIONAL UNDERGRADUATE w w w.eng.uts.edu.au #12;2 / ENGINEERING IN AUSTRALIA Internationally, Australian universities have a reputation for high quality research developed close links with many international institutions, particularly in Asia. ENGINEERING IN SYDNEY

  2. Quantum Error Correcting Subsystem Codes From Two Classical Linear Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dave Bacon; Andrea Casaccino

    2006-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The essential insight of quantum error correction was that quantum information can be protected by suitably encoding this quantum information across multiple independently erred quantum systems. Recently it was realized that, since the most general method for encoding quantum information is to encode it into a subsystem, there exists a novel form of quantum error correction beyond the traditional quantum error correcting subspace codes. These new quantum error correcting subsystem codes differ from subspace codes in that their quantum correcting routines can be considerably simpler than related subspace codes. Here we present a class of quantum error correcting subsystem codes constructed from two classical linear codes. These codes are the subsystem versions of the quantum error correcting subspace codes which are generalizations of Shor's original quantum error correcting subspace codes. For every Shor-type code, the codes we present give a considerable savings in the number of stabilizer measurements needed in their error recovery routines.

  3. Quantum error control codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdelhamid Awad Aly Ahmed, Sala

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    QUANTUM ERROR CONTROL CODES A Dissertation by SALAH ABDELHAMID AWAD ALY AHMED Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2008 Major... Subject: Computer Science QUANTUM ERROR CONTROL CODES A Dissertation by SALAH ABDELHAMID AWAD ALY AHMED Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY...

  4. UNIVERSITY OF OULU, FINLAND Erasmus code: SF OULU01 Updated: February 25, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrmann, Samuel

    UNIVERSITY OF OULU, FINLAND Erasmus code: SF OULU01 Updated: February 25, 2014 INTERNATIONAL.O. Box 8100, FI-90014 University of Oulu, Finland E-mail: international.office(at)oulu.fi Tel: +358 294 Recruitment, Admissions and International Services P.O. Box 8100, FI-90014 University of Oulu, Finland E

  5. All three University hospitals had revenue growth, with Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center/UMHC up

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyu, Mei-Ling

    a negative investment return of 24.7 percent. All classes of assets--domestic and international equities faculty recruits, and targeted investments in research, teaching, and patient care. Unrestricted net in interest income on working capital and investment in strategic initiatives at the Miller School of Medicine

  6. YEAR","MONTH","STATE","UTILITY CODE","UTILITY NAME","RESIDENTIAL REVENUE ($1,000

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative FuelsTotal" (Percent) Type: SulfurBase4,"Ames City of",6,1,"OmahaThousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb7 Volumes of

  7. UTILITYID","UTILNAME","STATE_CODE","YEAR","MONTH","RESIDENTIAL REVENUES ($1,000)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative FuelsTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API4,1,4240,21827,0,5616,29915,0,1043,8086,0,,,0,10899,59829,0

  8. Nested Quantum Error Correction Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhuo Wang; Kai Sun; Hen Fan; Vlatko Vedral

    2009-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The theory of quantum error correction was established more than a decade ago as the primary tool for fighting decoherence in quantum information processing. Although great progress has already been made in this field, limited methods are available in constructing new quantum error correction codes from old codes. Here we exhibit a simple and general method to construct new quantum error correction codes by nesting certain quantum codes together. The problem of finding long quantum error correction codes is reduced to that of searching several short length quantum codes with certain properties. Our method works for all length and all distance codes, and is quite efficient to construct optimal or near optimal codes. Two main known methods in constructing new codes from old codes in quantum error-correction theory, the concatenating and pasting, can be understood in the framework of nested quantum error correction codes.

  9. Code: A Lightweight and Flexible Mobile Code Toolkit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Picco, Gian Pietro

    evaluation of mobile code technology does not exist yet, some studies already evidenced that the powerful of client­server and mobile code in reducing the network traffic generated by management. The theoretical¯Code: A Lightweight and Flexible Mobile Code Toolkit Gian Pietro Picco Dip. Automatica e

  10. Proposed Revenues, Financial Strategy, and Program Costs for FY 1992 and 1993 : Technical Appendix, BPA Programs in Perspective.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Programs in Perspective is the Bonneville Power Administration's public involvement process (PIP) for engaging customers and other stakeholders in a regional dialog to set strategic direction and broad program plans for BPA effort. This planning leads into a biennial rate setting cycle and offers a more accessible and flexible opportunity for dialog on broad issues than is possible under the strict administrative procedures of ratemaking. The self-financed character of BPA has made this public process a necessary and valuable one to assure that those who pay BPA's rates have a clear understanding and a strong voice in the plans for use of the resulting revenues. During 1989, the previous PIP engaged the region in discussion of major strategic, issues focussing on major areas. In 1990, BPA seeks discussion of the directions and plans specifically for fiscal years 1992 and 1993. The steps taken for those years will lay the foundation for the years beyond. Thus, we have subtitled this year's process, Staying fit for the long run.'' We have consulted extensively with customers and others in the region in developing these plans. In dozens of program--specific meetings, BPA staff have talked and listened to what others think our plans ought to be. PIP now gives us a chance to review their sum total, along with projections for revenues and our overall financial position. 8 tabs., 8 figs.

  11. PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name International Commercial Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weyde, Tillman

    in a single area of law: International Competition Law Maritime Law EU Commercial Law International Energy Commercial Law Award LLM School The City Law School Department or equivalent Academic Courses Programme code a dissertation in any one of those 4 chosen areas. 2) Add a specialisation to the LLM in International Commercial

  12. Sustainability of gamma-ray isotopics evaluation codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vo, Duc [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Koskelo, Markku [AQUILA TECHNOLOGIES; Mcginnis, Brent [ORNL; Wang, Tzu - Feng [LLNL; Peerani, Paolo [IPSC, ISPRA, ITALY; Renha, Geraldo [ABACC, BRAZIL; Dias, Fabio C [NECB, BRAZIL

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In November 2005, the international workshop 'Gamma Evaluation Codes for Plutonium and Uranium Isotope Abundance Measurements by High-Resolution Gamma Spectrometry: Current Status and Future Challenges' was held in Karlsruhe, Germany. Some of the main issues discussed during the November 2005 meeting were related to concerns voiced by international inspectorate authorities such as the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM), and the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC) about the standardization and sustainability of gamma-ray isotopic analysis codes that are commonly used during safeguards inspections. A follow-up international workshop was conducted in Oak Ridge, TN in 2008. This workshop was in response to needs expressed by the international safeguards community during the Karlsruhe meeting and recommendations made under Action Sheet 14; a cooperative effort between the U. S. Department of Energy and ABACC. The purpose of the Oak Ridge workshop was to bring code developers and end users together to better understand the capabilities and limitations of the codes; to discuss mechanisms to ensure these codes are sustained and quality tested; and to ensure updates or revisions are performed in a controlled manner. During an Action Sheet 14 meeting held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in which the IAEA and EURATOM participated as observers, and in subsequent meetings of the European Safeguards Research and Development Association (ESARDA), all parties agreed that the regional working group initially established under the DOE/ABACC cooperation should be expanded to an international working group. The purpose of the international working group is to provide a forum to exchange information, discuss technical developments, and validate and test the various codes. However, progress to formally establish the working has been slowed by a lack of dedicated funding and competing priorities within the various international organizations. Recently, the ESARDA Nondestructive Assay Working Group established a dedicated website for the International Working Group on Gamma Spectrometry Techniques (1 WG-GST). In this paper, we will explore specific steps that should be taken to strengthen this working group's ability to affect development of a common testing platform and address concerns regarding applicability, sustainability and version control for these important codes.

  13. Maximization of revenues for power sales from a solid waste resources recovery facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report discusses the actual implementation of the best alternative in selling electrical power generated by an existing waste-to-energy facility, the Metro-Dade County Resources Recovery Plant. After the plant processes and extracts various products out of the municipal solid waste, it burns it to produce electrical power. The price for buying power to satisfy the internal needs of our Resources Recovery Facility (RRF) is substantially higher than the power price for selling electricity to any other entity. Therefore, without any further analysis, it was decided to first satisfy those internal needs and then export the excess power. Various alternatives were thoroughly explored as to what to do with the excess power. Selling power to the power utilities or utilizing the power in other facilities were the primary options.

  14. MHD Generation Code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frutos-Alfaro, Francisco

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A program to generate codes in Fortran and C of the full Magnetohydrodynamic equations is shown. The program used the free computer algebra system software REDUCE. This software has a package called EXCALC, which is an exterior calculus program. The advantage of this program is that it can be modified to include another complex metric or spacetime. The output of this program is modified by means of a LINUX script which creates a new REDUCE program to manipulate the MHD equations to obtain a code that can be used as a seed for a MHD code for numerical applications. As an example, we present part of output of our programs for Cartesian coordinates and how to do the discretization.

  15. Extended quantum color coding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hayashi, A.; Hashimoto, T.; Horibe, M. [Department of Applied Physics, Fukui University, Fukui 910-8507 (Japan)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The quantum color coding scheme proposed by Korff and Kempe [e-print quant-ph/0405086] is easily extended so that the color coding quantum system is allowed to be entangled with an extra auxiliary quantum system. It is shown that in the extended scheme we need only {approx}2{radical}(N) quantum colors to order N objects in large N limit, whereas {approx}N/e quantum colors are required in the original nonextended version. The maximum success probability has asymptotics expressed by the Tracy-Widom distribution of the largest eigenvalue of a random Gaussian unitary ensemble (GUE) matrix.

  16. Coding for Cooperative Communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uppal, Momin Ayub

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    develop and design practical coding strategies which perform very close to the infor- mation theoretic limits. The cooperative communication channels we consider are: (a) The Gaussian re- lay channel, (b) the quasi-static fading relay channel, (c... modulation. The CF strategy is implemented with low-density parity-check (LDPC) and irregular repeat- accumulate codes and is found to operate within 0.34 dB of the theoretical limit. For the quasi-static fading relay channel, we assume that no channel...

  17. The Woodland Carbon Code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Woodland Carbon Code While society must continue to make every effort to reduce greenhouse gas a role by removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The potential of woodlands to soak up carbon to help compensate for their carbon emissions. But before investing in such projects, people want to know

  18. Course Code: Course Title

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    - Frameworks; Decision Making Development life-cycle of a software system Bi-directional influence between-Critical Systems; Technology & Society. Brave New Worlds - Co-operative Computing; eLife. Learning OutcomesCourse Code: F29PD Course Title: Professional Development Course Co-ordinator: Sandy Jean

  19. Hydrogen Production CODES & STANDARDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hydrogen Production DELIVERY FUEL CELLS STORAGE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY VALIDATION CODES & STANDARDS for 2010 · Reduce the cost of distributed production of hydrogen from natural gas and/or liquid fuels to $1 SYSTEMS INTEGRATION / ANALYSES SAFETY EDUCATION RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT Economy Pete Devlin #12;Hydrogen

  20. Chaotic Turbo Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Adrian Barbulescu; Andrew Guidi; Steven S. Pietrobon

    This paper describes a new class of codes, chaotic turbo codes. They were born from a symbiosis between a chaotical digital encoder and a turbo code. This paper investigates the most important properties of both chaotic digital encoders and turbo encoders in order to understand how the two complement each other. A Chaotic Turbo Encoder is then described and initial results will be presented. I. INTRODUCTION A chaotic digital encoder was defined for the first time in [1] as a non--linear digital filter with finite precision (8 bits) which behaves in a quasi--chaotic fashion, both with zero and nonzero input sequences. A simple chaotic encoder is shown in Figure 1 [1]. D Y k X k LCIRC D Figure 1: Chaotic Digital Encoder Mapper L L L L L L 1 The main features of chaotic digital encoders that are used in this paper are: # The system is digital which makes possible its integration with a turbo code. # The output of a chaotic digital encoder with arbitrary inputs has a broad...

  1. Minor Codes Accounting 1100

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolding, M. Chad

    Minor Codes Accounting 1100 Adult/Extension Education 1220 Aerospace Studies 1225 Agricultural Business Management 1250 Agricultural Mechanization and Business 1600 American Sign Language Studies 5650 and Policy 3790 Equine Business 4690 Film Studies 7756 Financial Management 3900 Food Science 4100 Forest

  2. Erasure Techniques in MRD codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache; R. Sujatha; R. S. Raja Durai

    2012-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    This book is organized into six chapters. The first chapter introduces the basic algebraic structures essential to make this book a self contained one. Algebraic linear codes and their basic properties are discussed in chapter two. In chapter three the authors study the basic properties of erasure decoding in maximum rank distance codes. Some decoding techniques about MRD codes are described and discussed in chapter four of this book. Rank distance codes with complementary duals and MRD codes with complementary duals are introduced and their applications are discussed. Chapter five introduces the notion of integer rank distance codes. The final chapter introduces some concatenation techniques.

  3. 1. Was your auditor for the Revenue Bond Series 2003A and 2005A financial audit year ended 6/30/12 invited to bid?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IFB13403 1. Was your auditor for the Revenue Bond Series 2003A and 2005A financial audit year for last year's audit? The existing contract budget is structured with hourly rates, so there isn't a set fee structure for each audit. The cumulative total of invoices for the FY 11/12 audit was $16

  4. Page 1 of 1 This policy establishes an institutional procedure for residual revenue earned on restricted fixed-price or fee-for-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    be deposited in this account. Georgia Southern University invoices the Research Foundation monthly for residualPage 1 of 1 I. Purpose This policy establishes an institutional procedure for residual revenue completion, deficit or surplus (residual) balances must be transferred to a non-sponsored account. Because

  5. REDUCED-COMPLEXITY DECODING FOR CONCATENATED CODES BASED ON RECTANGULAR PARITY-CHECK CODES AND TURBO CODES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Tan F.

    AND TURBO CODES John M. Shea and Tan F. Wong University of Florida Department of Electrical and Computer-check code (RPCC) with a turbo code. These concatenated codes are referred to as RPCC+turbo codes. RPCC+turbo codes have been shown to significantly outperform turbo codes in several scenarios [1],[2]. One

  6. International Mathematics Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffmeister, Thomas S.

    International Mathematics Education Masters Programme www.uni-bremen.de/international-mathematics-education Professional Development for Mathematics Teachers in International Schools International school mathematics in International Mathematics Education. The programme combines foci in mathematics, education and international

  7. Adaptive code generators for tree coding of speech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong, Hui

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tree coding is a promising way of obtaining good performance for medium-to-low rate speech coding. The key part of a tree coder is the code generator which consists of a short-term predictor and a long-term predictor. The best predictor designed...

  8. Nevada Energy Code for Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    ''Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more...

  9. Matlab-Kinect Interface Code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kowalski, Kevin

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This .zip file contains code and installation instructions for acquiring 3d arm movements in Matlab using the Microsoft Kinect 3d camera. The provided code has been validated in 32-bit and 64-bit Matlab with 32-bit and ...

  10. City of Austin- Zoning Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Zoning Code (Chapter 25-2) of the Austin City Code provides a height limitation exemption for solar installations. Solar installations may exceed the zoning district height limit by 15% or the...

  11. Code of Practice Research Degrees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul

    ........................................................................ 15 Section Ten: FacilitiesCode of Practice For Research Degrees 2014/15 #12;2 Contents Section One: Preface ­ the purpose of the Code........................................................ 3 Section Two: Context

  12. OC3 -- Benchmark Exercise of Aero-Elastic Offshore Wind Turbine Codes: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Passon, P.; Kuhn, M.; Butterfield, S.; Jonkman, J.; Camp, T.; Larsen, T. J.

    2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper introduces the work content and status of the first international investigation and verification of aero-elastic codes for offshore wind turbines as performed by the "Offshore Code Comparison Collaboration" (OC3) within the "IEA Wind Annex XXIII -- Subtask 2".

  13. MELCOR computer code manuals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Summers, R.M.; Cole, R.K. Jr.; Smith, R.C.; Stuart, D.S.; Thompson, S.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hodge, S.A.; Hyman, C.R.; Sanders, R.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MELCOR is a fully integrated, engineering-level computer code that models the progression of severe accidents in light water reactor nuclear power plants. MELCOR is being developed at Sandia National Laboratories for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission as a second-generation plant risk assessment tool and the successor to the Source Term Code Package. A broad spectrum of severe accident phenomena in both boiling and pressurized water reactors is treated in MELCOR in a unified framework. These include: thermal-hydraulic response in the reactor coolant system, reactor cavity, containment, and confinement buildings; core heatup, degradation, and relocation; core-concrete attack; hydrogen production, transport, and combustion; fission product release and transport; and the impact of engineered safety features on thermal-hydraulic and radionuclide behavior. Current uses of MELCOR include estimation of severe accident source terms and their sensitivities and uncertainties in a variety of applications. This publication of the MELCOR computer code manuals corresponds to MELCOR 1.8.3, released to users in August, 1994. Volume 1 contains a primer that describes MELCOR`s phenomenological scope, organization (by package), and documentation. The remainder of Volume 1 contains the MELCOR Users Guides, which provide the input instructions and guidelines for each package. Volume 2 contains the MELCOR Reference Manuals, which describe the phenomenological models that have been implemented in each package.

  14. What's coming in 2012 codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lacey, E

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Administration Why Building Energy Codes Matter Why Building Energy Codes Matter ? Buildings account for 70% of electricity use ? Buildings account for 38% of CO2 emissions (Source: US Green Building Council) Residential Progress Commercial Progress... ? Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance ? Southwest Energy Efficiency Project Why Building Energy Codes Matter Why Building Energy Codes Matter ? Share of Energy Consumed by Major Sectors of the Economy (2010) Source: U.S. Energy Information...

  15. Energy Codes and Standards: Facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bartlett, Rosemarie; Halverson, Mark A.; Shankle, Diana L.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy codes and standards play a vital role in the marketplace by setting minimum requirements for energy-efficient design and construction. They outline uniform requirements for new buildings as well as additions and renovations. This article covers basic knowledge of codes and standards; development processes of each; adoption, implementation, and enforcement of energy codes and standards; and voluntary energy efficiency programs.

  16. Design of proximity detecting codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perisetty, Srinivas

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    class of codes called Proximity Detecting Codes can be used to overcome this problem associated with asynchronous channels. A t-proximity detecting (t-PD) code can detect when a received word is within distance t from the transmitted codeword, when using...

  17. Code for Hydrogen Hydrogen Pipeline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;2 Code for Hydrogen Pipelines Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop Augusta, Georgia August development · Charge from BPTCS to B31 Standards Committee for Hydrogen Piping/Pipeline code development · B31.12 Status & Structure · Hydrogen Pipeline issues · Research Needs · Where Do We Go From Here? #12;4 Code

  18. PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF TURBO CODES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alajaji, Fady

    PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF TURBO CODES by Guangchong Zhu A project submitted to the Department named ``Turbo codes'' which claims an extraordinary performance with reasonable decoding complexity. In this project, we begin with a study on the structure and principle of Turbo codes. We then investigate

  19. International Effort Advances Offshore Wind Turbine Design Codes |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA,Fermi NationalBusinessDepartment ofEnergy as PreparedIn 1982

  20. Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance's Building Energy Codes...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance's Building Energy Codes Project Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance's Building Energy Codes Project Building Codes Project for the 2013...

  1. 2013 Reporting Unit Codes | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2013 Reporting Unit Codes 2013 Reporting Unit Codes CFC Reporting Unit Codes 2013.pdf More Documents & Publications EA-0372: Final Environmental Assessment Alignment: Achieving...

  2. Error Floors of LDPC Codes and Related Topics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Brian K.

    Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2.2 LDPC Codes . . . . . . . .2.1 Binary Linear Block Codes . . . . . . .

  3. MU INTERNATIONAL DIRECTORY International Directory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Jerry

    of Ag., Food & Natural Resources International Programs http://students.missouri.edu/~asa Association of Malaysian Students http://www.missouri.edu/~ctl2m5/index.html Bangladesh Student Association

  4. Wyner-Ziv coding based on TCQ and LDPC codes and extensions to multiterminal source coding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Yang

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to approach the Wyner-Ziv distortion limit D??W Z(R), the trellis coded quantization (TCQ) technique is employed to quantize the source X, and irregular LDPC code is used to implement Slepian-Wolf coding of the quantized source input Q(X) given the side...

  5. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- Hourly Analysis Program (HAP) version 4.41

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that Hourly Analysis Program (HAP) version 4.41 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated April 10, 2009, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  6. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- VisualDOE version 4.1 build 0002

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that VisualDOE version 4.1 build 0002 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  7. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software ? Green Building Studio Web Service version 3.1

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that Green Building Studio Web Service version 3.1 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  8. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- Green Building Studio Web Service version 3.0

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that Green Building Studio Web Service version 3.0 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  9. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- EnergyGauge Summit version 3.14

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that EnergyGauge Summit version 3.14 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  10. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software-EnergyGauge Summit version 3.1 build 2

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that EnergyGauge Summit version 3.1 build 2 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated January 31, 2007, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  11. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- EnergyGauge Summit version 3.11

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that EnergyGauge Summit version 3.11 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  12. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- DOE-21.E version 119

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that DOE-21.E version 119 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  13. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- EnergyGauge Summit version 3.13

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that EnergyGauge Summit version 3.13 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  14. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- DOE-21.E-JJH version 130

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that DOE-2.1E-JJH version 130 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  15. Tax Deduction Qualified Software: EnergyPlus version 7.2.0.006

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that EnergyPlus version 7.2.0.006 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  16. Tax Deduction Qualified Software: EnergyPlus version 8.0.0.008

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that EnergyPlus version 8.0.0.008 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  17. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- TRACE 700 version 6.2.6

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that TRACE 700 version 6.2.6 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  18. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- TRACE 700 version 6.2.5

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that TRACE 700 version 6.2.5 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  19. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- TRACE 700 version 6.2.9

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that TRACE 700 version 6.2.9 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  20. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- TRACE 700 version 6.2.8

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that TRACE 700 version 6.2.8 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  1. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- TRACE 700 version 6.2.7

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that TRACE 700 version 6.2.7 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  2. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- TRACE 700 version 6.1.1.0

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that TRACE 700 version 6.1.1.0 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  3. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- TRACE 700 version 6.2.4

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that TRACE 700 version 6.2.4 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  4. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- TRACE 700 version 6.1.2

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that TRACE 700 version 6.1.2 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  5. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- TRACE 700 version 6.1.0.0

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that TRACE 700 version 6.1.0.0 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  6. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- EnergyPlus version 2.0.0.025

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that EnergyPlus version 2.0.0.025 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  7. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- EnergyPlus version 1.3.0.018

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that EnergyPlus version 1.3.0.018 version 130 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  8. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- EnergyPlus version 1.4.0.025

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that EnergyPlus version 1.4.0.025 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  9. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- EnergyPlus version 2.1.0.023

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that EnergyPlus version 2.1.0.023 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  10. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- Owens Corning Commercial Energy Calculator (OC-CEC) version 1.1

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that Owens Corning Commercial Energy Calculator (OC-CEC) version 1.1 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  11. Tax Deduction Qualified Software: EnergyPlus version 7.0.0.036

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    developer. Internal Revenue Code 179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The...

  12. Tax Deduction Qualified Software - EnergyPlus version 3.0.0.028

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    developer. Internal Revenue Code 179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The...

  13. Tax Deduction Qualified Software: TRACE 700 version 6.3.0

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    developer. Internal Revenue Code 179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The...

  14. Tax Deduction Qualified Software - EnergyPlus version 3.1.0.027

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    developer. Internal Revenue Code 179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The...

  15. --No Title--

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    developer. Internal Revenue Code 179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The...

  16. Microsoft Word - qs_trace-700_v6-2-4.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    developer. Internal Revenue Code 179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The...

  17. Tax Deduction Qualified Software: EnergyPlus version 5.0.0.031

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    developer. Internal Revenue Code 179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The...

  18. Tax Deduction Qualified Software TRACE 700 version 6.3.0

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    developer. Internal Revenue Code 179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The...

  19. Tax Deduction Qualified Software: EnergyPlus version 6.0.0.023

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    developer. Internal Revenue Code 179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The...

  20. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- Hourly Analysis Program (HAP) version 4.50

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that Hourly Analysis Program (HAP) version 4.50 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  1. Tax Deduction Qualified Software: EnergyPlus version 7.1.0.012

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that EnergyPlus version 7.1.0.012 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  2. Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- EnergyPlus version 2.2.0.023

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that EnergyPlus version 2.1.0.023 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  3. Tax Deduction Qualified Software: EnergyPlus version 4.0.0.024

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides required documentation that EnergyPlus version 4.0.0.024 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

  4. The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit : HERA, ARRA and beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korb, Jason (Jason Bryan Patricof)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) has arguably been the most successful government subsidy to finance affordable housing. Since its creation in the Tax Reform Act of 1986 as Internal Revenue Code (IRC) Section 42, ...

  5. Tax Deduction Qualified Software: EnergyPlus version 5.0.0.031...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tax Deduction Qualified Software: EnergyPlus version 5.0.0.031 Provides required documentation that EnergyPlus version 5.0.0.031 meets Internal Revenue Code 179D, Notice...

  6. Tax Deduction Qualified Software: EnergyPlus version 8.1.0.009...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    1.0.009 meets Internal Revenue Code 179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings. qsenergyplusv8.1.0.009...

  7. Tax Deduction Qualified Software: EnergyPlus version 6.0.0.023...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tax Deduction Qualified Software: EnergyPlus version 6.0.0.023 Provides required documentation that EnergyPlus version 6.0.0.023 meets Internal Revenue Code 179D, Notice...

  8. International Programs and Services International Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Graeme L.

    International Programs and Services _______________ 1.5 Page 1 International Programs and Services OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS Offices in Laurel Hall (970) 491-5917 www.international.colostate.edu James A. Cooney, Vice Provost for International Affairs The Office of International Programs acts

  9. International Programs and Services International Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    International Programs and Services International Programs and Services OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS Offices in Laurel Hall (970) 491-5917 international.colostate.edu James A. Cooney, Vice Provost for International Affairs The Office of International Programs acts as a catalyst for ideas that bring about

  10. Midwest Energy Codes Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F S i DOE TribaltheMy nameMid-LevelMidwest Energy Codes Project 2014

  11. Pressure vessels and piping codes and standards: Volume 2. PVP-Volume 339

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Esselman, T.C. [ed.] [Altran Corp., Boston, MA (United States); Balkey, K. [ed.] [Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Chao, K.K.N. [ed.] [Consumers Power Co., Jackson, MI (United States); Gosselin, S. [ed.] [Electric Power Research Institute, Charlotte, NC (United States); Hollinger, G. [ed.] [Babcock and Wilcox, Barberton, OH (United States); Lubin, B.T. [ed.] [ABB Combustion Engineering, Windsor, CT (United States); Mohktarain, K. [ed.] [CB and I Technical Services, Plainfield, IL (United States); O`Donnell, W. [ed.] [O`Donnell Consulting Engineers, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Rao, K.R. [ed.] [Entergy Operations, Inc, Jackson, MI (United States)

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The role of Codes and Standards for pressure vessels and piping has increased significantly over the past decade. More and more, developments in Codes and Standards are accommodating the increasing sophistication of analysis methods, the need to address post-construction and operating plant issues, and the efficiencies that may be gained by focusing codes and standards on the areas that present the greatest risk. Codes and Standards for new construction also have had to accommodate greater challenges and more extreme environments imposed by more escalating requirements on piping and pressure vessel design and fabrication. This volume has focused on these challenges faced by Codes and Standards development. The topics in this volume include: (1) International Code Developments; (2) Seismic Developments in Codes and Standards; (3) Fabrication, Repairs, and Installation Issues Relating to Codes and Standards; (4) Application of Risk Based Criteria to In-Service Inspections; (5) Risk Based Codes and Standards; (6) The Code--Then and Now; (7) Reactor Water Fatigue: Fitness for Service; and (8) Two ASME Pressure Technology Code Issues: Post-Construction Codes and Metrication. Separate abstracts were prepared for most of the papers in this volume.

  12. Quantum serial turbo-codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Poulin; Jean-Pierre Tillich; Harold Ollivier

    2009-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a theory of quantum serial turbo-codes, describe their iterative decoding algorithm, and study their performances numerically on a depolarization channel. Our construction offers several advantages over quantum LDPC codes. First, the Tanner graph used for decoding is free of 4-cycles that deteriorate the performances of iterative decoding. Secondly, the iterative decoder makes explicit use of the code's degeneracy. Finally, there is complete freedom in the code design in terms of length, rate, memory size, and interleaver choice. We define a quantum analogue of a state diagram that provides an efficient way to verify the properties of a quantum convolutional code, and in particular its recursiveness and the presence of catastrophic error propagation. We prove that all recursive quantum convolutional encoder have catastrophic error propagation. In our constructions, the convolutional codes have thus been chosen to be non-catastrophic and non-recursive. While the resulting families of turbo-codes have bounded minimum distance, from a pragmatic point of view the effective minimum distances of the codes that we have simulated are large enough not to degrade the iterative decoding performance up to reasonable word error rates and block sizes. With well chosen constituent convolutional codes, we observe an important reduction of the word error rate as the code length increases.

  13. Turbo and LDPC Codes: Implementation, Simulation,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valenti, Matthew C.

    1 Turbo and LDPC Codes: Implementation, Simulation, and Standardization June 7, 2006 Matthew/7/2006 Turbo and LDPC Codes 2/133 Tutorial Overview Channel capacity Convolutional codes ­ the MAP algorithm Turbo codes ­ Standard binary turbo codes: UMTS and cdma2000 ­ Duobinary CRSC turbo codes: DVB

  14. Conjugate Codes and Applications to Cryptography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitsuru Hamada

    2006-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A conjugate code pair is defined as a pair of linear codes such that one contains the dual of the other. The conjugate code pair represents the essential structure of the corresponding Calderbank-Shor-Steane (CSS) quantum code. It is argued that conjugate code pairs are applicable to quantum cryptography in order to motivate studies on conjugate code pairs.

  15. INTERNATIONAL COURSEGUIDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canberra, University of

    , Applied Science, Arts and Design, Information Sciences and Engineering. INTERNATIONAL COURSE GUIDE01 #00212K, University of Canberra College #01893E. Information in this guide was correct at time in a competitive global market. This can involve work integrated learning, and in many courses students have

  16. PREREM: an interactive data preprocessing code for INREM II. Part I: user's manual. Part II: code structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryan, M.T.; Fields, D.E.

    1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PREREM is an interactive computer code developed as a data preprocessor for the INREM-II (Killough, Dunning, and Pleasant, 1978a) internal dose program. PREREM is intended to provide easy access to current and self-consistent nuclear decay and radionuclide-specific metabolic data sets. Provision is made for revision of metabolic data, and the code is intended for both production and research applications. Documentation for the code is in two parts. Part I is a user's manual which emphasizes interpretation of program prompts and choice of user input. Part II stresses internal structure and flow of program control and is intended to assist the researcher who wishes to revise or modify the code or add to its capabilities. PREREM is written for execution on a Digital Equipment Corporation PDP-10 System and much of the code will require revision before it can be run on other machines. The source program length is 950 lines (116 blocks) and computer core required for execution is 212 K bytes. The user must also have sufficient file space for metabolic and S-factor data sets. Further, 64 100 K byte blocks of computer storage space are required for the nuclear decay data file. Computer storage space must also be available for any output files produced during the PREREM execution. 9 refs., 8 tabs.

  17. Recent development of the CINDER`90 transmutation code and data library for actinide transmutation studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, W.B.; England, T.R.; George, D.C.; Muir, D.W.; Young, P.G. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Theoretical Div.

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CINDER`90 is a neutron transmutation code evolved from earlier versions of CINDER and REAC, using the algorithm of CINDER with modifications to accommodate the input of additional constant destruction and production rates associated with reactions outside of the code`s particle or energy domain. In conjunction with other codes simulating the radiation environment, CINDER`90 has been used to describe nuclide inventories in a variety of applications. The library of nuclear data, constantly growing in breadth and quality with international cooperation, now describes 3,400 nuclides in the range 1 {le} Z {le} 103.

  18. Employee vs. Independent Contractor Checklist When contracting for services, you must evaluate whether the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) would consider the person

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caughman, John

    Employee vs. Independent Contractor Checklist When contracting for services, you must evaluate for the contracted result of the work, not the manner or method used to accomplish the work solely controls/her own prices for goods and fees for service can terminate contract while not terminating his

  19. Nonbinary Codeword Stabilized Quantum Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie Chen; Bei Zeng; Isaac L. Chuang

    2008-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The codeword stabilized (CWS) quantum codes formalism presents a unifying approach to both additive and nonadditive quantum error-correcting codes (arXiv:0708.1021 [quant-ph]), but only for binary states. Here we generalize the CWS framework to the nonbinary case (of both prime and nonprime dimension) and map the search for nonbinary quantum codes to a corresponding search problem for classical nonbinary codes with specific error patterns. We show that while the additivity properties of nonbinary CWS codes are similar to the binary case, the structural properties of the nonbinary codes differ substantially from the binary case, even for prime dimensions. In particular, we identify specific structure patterns of stabilizer groups, based on which efficient constructions might be possible for codes that encode more dimensions than any stabilizer codes of the same length and distance; similar methods cannot be applied in the binary case. Understanding of these structural properties can help prune the search space and facilitate the identification of good nonbinary CWS codes.

  20. Marin County- Solar Access Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Marin County's Energy Conservation Code is designed to assure new subdivisions provide for future passive or natural heating or cooling opportunities in the subdivision to the extent feasible. ...

  1. Quantum Quasi-Cyclic LDPC Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manabu Hagiwara; Hideki Imai

    2010-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, a construction of a pair of "regular" quasi-cyclic LDPC codes as ingredient codes for a quantum error-correcting code is proposed. That is, we find quantum regular LDPC codes with various weight distributions. Furthermore our proposed codes have lots of variations for length, code rate. These codes are obtained by a descrete mathematical characterization for model matrices of quasi-cyclic LDPC codes. Our proposed codes achieve a bounded distance decoding (BDD) bound, or known as VG bound, and achieve a lower bound of the code length.

  2. Super Special Codes using Super Matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache; K. Ilanthenral

    2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The new classes of super special codes are constructed in this book using the specially constructed super special vector spaces. These codes mainly use the super matrices. These codes can be realized as a special type of concatenated codes. This book has four chapters. In chapter one basic properties of codes and super matrices are given. A new type of super special vector space is constructed in chapter two of this book. Three new classes of super special codes namely, super special row code, super special column code and super special codes are introduced in chapter three. Applications of these codes are given in the final chapter.

  3. On the logical operators of quantum codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark M. Wilde

    2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    I show how applying a symplectic Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization to the normalizer of a quantum code gives a different way of determining the code's logical operators. This approach may be more natural in the setting where we produce a quantum code from classical codes because the generator matrices of the classical codes form the normalizer of the resulting quantum code. This technique is particularly useful in determining the logical operators of an entanglement-assisted code produced from two classical binary codes or from one classical quaternary code. Finally, this approach gives additional formulas for computing the amount of entanglement that an entanglement-assisted code requires.

  4. Rate-Adaptive Codes for Distributed Source Coding David Varodayan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Girod, Bernd

    S with respect to a channel code C. Upon receipt of the syndrome, the distributed source decoder can narrow down- proach with their DISCUS framework [7]. The distributed source encoder compresses X into its syndrome is an at- tractive solution. The encoder transmits a short syndrome based on an aggressive code

  5. Non-Residential Energy Code National and Regional Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Non-Residential Energy Code Comparison National and Regional Codes David Baylon Mike Kennedy #12 2003 · ASHRAE 90.1 2001 & addenda · E-Benchmark Guidelines (NBI) #12;Approach · Comparison of the State;Approach (cont.) · Provisions compared ­ Lighting power ­ Lighting controls ­ Mechanical systems ­ Building

  6. Building and Facility Codes Code Building Location Bldg # Coordinates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    Building and Facility Codes Code Building Location Bldg # Coordinates APM Applied Physics & Mathematics Building Muir 249 F7 ASANT Asante Hall Eleanor Roosevelt 446 F5 BIO Biology Building Muir 259 F7 BIRCH Birch Aquarium SIO 2300 S-D7 BONN Bonner Hall Revelle 131 G8 BSB Biomedical Sciences Building

  7. Space time coded code division multiplexing on SC140 DSP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menon, Murali P

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this research is to design a high data rate wireless communication system for multi-path fading channels. Code-division multiplexing is proposed as a modulation scheme for a space-time coded multiple antenna system that would guarantee...

  8. LFSC - Linac Feedback Simulation Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ivanov, Valentin; /Fermilab

    2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The computer program LFSC (Code>) is a numerical tool for simulation beam based feedback in high performance linacs. The code LFSC is based on the earlier version developed by a collective of authors at SLAC (L.Hendrickson, R. McEwen, T. Himel, H. Shoaee, S. Shah, P. Emma, P. Schultz) during 1990-2005. That code was successively used in simulation of SLC, TESLA, CLIC and NLC projects. It can simulate as pulse-to-pulse feedback on timescale corresponding to 5-100 Hz, as slower feedbacks, operating in the 0.1-1 Hz range in the Main Linac and Beam Delivery System. The code LFSC is running under Matlab for MS Windows operating system. It contains about 30,000 lines of source code in more than 260 subroutines. The code uses the LIAR ('Linear Accelerator Research code') for particle tracking under ground motion and technical noise perturbations. It uses the Guinea Pig code to simulate the luminosity performance. A set of input files includes the lattice description (XSIF format), and plane text files with numerical parameters, wake fields, ground motion data etc. The Matlab environment provides a flexible system for graphical output.

  9. Secure Symmetrical Multilevel Diversity Coding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Shuo

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Secure symmetrical multilevel diversity coding (S-SMDC) is a source coding problem, where a total of L - N discrete memoryless sources (S1,...,S_L-N) are to be encoded by a total of L encoders. This thesis considers a natural generalization of SMDC...

  10. Stabilizer Codes over Frobenius Rings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nadella, Sushma

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    now, the methods for quantum error correction were mainly based on quantum codes that rely on the arithmetic in finite fields. In contrast, this thesis aims to develop a basic framework for quantum error correcting codes over a class of rings known...

  11. CODE OF PRACTICE HYDROGEN SULFIDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machel, Hans

    CODE OF PRACTICE HYDROGEN SULFIDE 1 The following generic Code of Practice applies to all work areas within the University of Alberta that use hydrogen sulfide gas. It outlines responsibilities, safe procedure requirements. All work areas where hydrogen sulfide is used within the University of Alberta must

  12. CODE OF PRACTICE HYDROGEN SULFIDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machel, Hans

    CODE OF PRACTICE HYDROGEN SULFIDE Rev January 2013 1 The following generic Code of Practice applies to all work areas within the University of Alberta that use hydrogen sulfide gas or where hydrogen response procedure requirements. All work areas where hydrogen sulfide is used or may be present within

  13. DOE Coordination Meeting CODES & STANDARDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the International Standards Organization's standards for hydrogen refueling and storage, by 2006; · Complete. Provide technical resources to harmonize the development of international standards among IEC, ISO negotiations with critical Standard Development Organizations and develop draft generic licensing agreement

  14. Weight Distribution of a Class of Binary Linear Block Codes Formed from RCPC Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Yushi Dr.; Cosman, Pamela C; Milstein, Laurence B

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    formed from convolutional codes,” IEEE Trans. Commun. , vol.terminated convolutional codes,” IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory,decoding of linear block codes and related soft- decision

  15. Introduction Space Time Codes Space Time Coding with Feedback New Thoughts Summary Space-Time Coding for Multi-Antenna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veeravalli, Venugopal

    Introduction Space Time Codes Space Time Coding with Feedback New Thoughts Summary Space 2007 #12;Introduction Space Time Codes Space Time Coding with Feedback New Thoughts Summary MIMO: Diversity vs Multiplexing Multiplexing Diversity Pictures taken from lectures notes on Space Time Coding

  16. Entanglement boosts quantum turbo codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilde, Mark M

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the unexpected breakdowns in the existing theory of quantum serial turbo coding is that a quantum convolutional encoder cannot simultaneously be recursive and non-catastrophic. These properties are essential for a quantum turbo code to have an unbounded minimum distance and for its iterative decoding algorithm to converge, respectively. Here, we show that the entanglement-assisted paradigm gives a theoretical and practical "turbo boost" to these codes, in the sense that an entanglement-assisted quantum (EAQ) convolutional encoder can possess both of the aforementioned desirable properties, and simulation results indicate that entanglement-assisted turbo codes can operate reliably in a noise regime 5.5 dB beyond that of standard quantum turbo codes. Entanglement is the resource that enables a convolutional encoder to satisfy both properties because an encoder acting on only information qubits, classical bits, gauge qubits, and ancilla qubits cannot simultaneously satisfy them. We give several examples o...

  17. Methodology, status and plans for development and assessment of TUF and CATHENA codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luxat, J.C.; Liu, W.S.; Leung, R.K. [Ontario Hydro, Toronto (Canada)] [and others

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An overview is presented of the Canadian two-fluid computer codes TUF and CATHENA with specific focus on the constraints imposed during development of these codes and the areas of application for which they are intended. Additionally a process for systematic assessment of these codes is described which is part of a broader, industry based initiative for validation of computer codes used in all major disciplines of safety analysis. This is intended to provide both the licensee and the regulator in Canada with an objective basis for assessing the adequacy of codes for use in specific applications. Although focused specifically on CANDU reactors, Canadian experience in developing advanced two-fluid codes to meet wide-ranging application needs while maintaining past investment in plant modelling provides a useful contribution to international efforts in this area.

  18. Integrating Renewable Energy Requirements Into Building Energy Codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaufmann, John R.; Hand, James R.; Halverson, Mark A.

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report evaluates how and when to best integrate renewable energy requirements into building energy codes. The basic goals were to: (1) provide a rough guide of where we’re going and how to get there; (2) identify key issues that need to be considered, including a discussion of various options with pros and cons, to help inform code deliberations; and (3) to help foster alignment among energy code-development organizations. The authors researched current approaches nationally and internationally, conducted a survey of key stakeholders to solicit input on various approaches, and evaluated the key issues related to integration of renewable energy requirements and various options to address those issues. The report concludes with recommendations and a plan to engage stakeholders. This report does not evaluate whether the use of renewable energy should be required on buildings; that question involves a political decision that is beyond the scope of this report.

  19. Statewide Electricity and Demand Capacity Savings from the Implementation of IECC Code in Texas: Analysis for Single-Family Residences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, H.; Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents estimates of the statewide electricity and electric demand savings achieved from the adoption of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) for single-family residences in Texas and includes the corresponding increase...

  20. Remarkable Degenerate Quantum Stabilizer Codes Derived from Duadic Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salah A. Aly; Andreas Klappenecker; Pradeep Kiran Sarvepalli

    2006-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Good quantum codes, such as quantum MDS codes, are typically nondegenerate, meaning that errors of small weight require active error-correction, which is--paradoxically--itself prone to errors. Decoherence free subspaces, on the other hand, do not require active error correction, but perform poorly in terms of minimum distance. In this paper, examples of degenerate quantum codes are constructed that have better minimum distance than decoherence free subspaces and allow some errors of small weight that do not require active error correction. In particular, two new families of [[n,1,>= sqrt(n)

  1. On Quantum and Classical BCH Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salah A. Aly; Andreas Klappenecker; Pradeep Kiran Sarvepalli

    2006-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Classical BCH codes that contain their (Euclidean or Hermitian) dual codes can be used to construct quantum stabilizer codes; this correspondence studies the properties of such codes. It is shown that a BCH code of length n can contain its dual code only if its designed distance d=O(sqrt(n)), and the converse is proved in the case of narrow-sense codes. Furthermore, the dimension of narrow-sense BCH codes with small design distance is completely determined, and - consequently - the bounds on their minimum distance are improved. These results make it possible to determine the parameters of quantum BCH codes in terms of their design parameters.

  2. International H

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponses to EngineeredA GENERAL2 International H 2 O Project

  3. International Sunport

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponses to EngineeredA GENERAL2 International HChallenges

  4. San Francisco Building Code Amendments to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green Building Standards Code 2010 California Residential Code Operative date: January 1, 2011 #12;2 #121 2010 San Francisco Building Code Amendments to the 2010 California Building Code 2010 California;3 CHAPTER 1 SCOPE AND ADMINISTRATION DIVISION I CALIFORNIA ADMINISTRATION No San Francisco Building Code

  5. Proceedings of the OECD/CSNI workshop on transient thermal-hydraulic and neutronic codes requirements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebert, D.

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a report on the CSNI Workshop on Transient Thermal-Hydraulic and Neutronic Codes Requirements held at Annapolis, Maryland, USA November 5-8, 1996. This experts` meeting consisted of 140 participants from 21 countries; 65 invited papers were presented. The meeting was divided into five areas: (1) current and prospective plans of thermal hydraulic codes development; (2) current and anticipated uses of thermal-hydraulic codes; (3) advances in modeling of thermal-hydraulic phenomena and associated additional experimental needs; (4) numerical methods in multi-phase flows; and (5) programming language, code architectures and user interfaces. The workshop consensus identified the following important action items to be addressed by the international community in order to maintain and improve the calculational capability: (a) preserve current code expertise and institutional memory, (b) preserve the ability to use the existing investment in plant transient analysis codes, (c) maintain essential experimental capabilities, (d) develop advanced measurement capabilities to support future code validation work, (e) integrate existing analytical capabilities so as to improve performance and reduce operating costs, (f) exploit the proven advances in code architecture, numerics, graphical user interfaces, and modularization in order to improve code performance and scrutibility, and (g) more effectively utilize user experience in modifying and improving the codes.

  6. ATIS -- Alternative Revenue Approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yim, Y. B.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    approaches to achieve a self sustaining ATIS, identifywith an emphasis on building a self-sustaining ATIS based onapproaches to achieve a self sustaining ATIS. The emphasis

  7. Example of Environmental Restoration Code of Accounts

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This chapter describes the fundamental structure of an example remediation cost code system, lists and describes the Level 1 cost codes, and lists the Level 2 and Level 3 cost codes.

  8. DEPARTMENT CODE Department of Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DEPARTMENT CODE Department of Computer Science College of Natural Sciences Colorado State and Amendment of this Code 19 #12;1 MISSION AND OBJECTIVES 3 Preamble This Code of the Department of Computer

  9. Arkansas Underground Injection Control Code (Arkansas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Arkansas Underground Injection Control Code (UIC code) is adopted pursuant to the provisions of the Arkansas Water and Air Pollution Control Act (Arkansas Code Annotated 8-5-11). It is the...

  10. Entanglement-assisted codeword stabilized quantum codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shin, Jeonghwan; Heo, Jun; Brun, Todd A. [School of Electrical Engineering, Korea University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Communication Sciences Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089 (United States)

    2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Entangled qubits can increase the capacity of quantum error-correcting codes based on stabilizer codes. In addition, by using entanglement quantum stabilizer codes can be construct from classical linear codes that do not satisfy the dual-containing constraint. We show that it is possible to construct both additive and nonadditive quantum codes using the codeword stabilized quantum code framework. Nonadditive codes may offer improved performance over the more common stabilizer codes. Like other entanglement-assisted codes, the encoding procedure acts only on the qubits on Alice's side, and only these qubits are assumed to pass through the channel. However, errors in the codeword stabilized quantum code framework give rise to effective Z errors on Bob's side. We use this scheme to construct entanglement-assisted nonadditive quantum codes, in particular, ((5,16,2;1)) and ((7,4,5;4)) codes.

  11. Entanglement-assisted codeword stabilized quantum codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeonghwan Shin; Jun Heo; Todd A. Brun

    2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Entangled qubit can increase the capacity of quantum error correcting codes based on stabilizer codes. In addition, by using entanglement quantum stabilizer codes can be construct from classical linear codes that do not satisfy the dual-containing constraint. We show that it is possible to construct both additive and non-additive quantum codes using the codeword stabilized quantum code framework. Nonadditive codes may offer improved performance over the more common sta- bilizer codes. Like other entanglement-assisted codes, the encoding procedure acts only the qubits on Alice's side, and only these qubits are assumed to pass through the channel. However, errors the codeword stabilized quantum code framework gives rise to effective Z errors on Bob side. We use this scheme to construct new entanglement-assisted non-additive quantum codes, in particular, ((5,16,2;1)) and ((7,4,5;4)) codes.

  12. STDS91.COD: Grief and Mourning Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenblatt, Paul C.; Walsh, R. Patricia; Jackson, Douglas A.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    conflict 2000 Age of Marriage, Females (code book variable87) N Code NA Meaning Missing data Scores range from 8.2 toGRIEF AND MOURNING CODES Paul C. Rosenblatt Department of

  13. LDPC codes : structural analysis and decoding techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xiaojie

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to Low-Density Parity-Check Codes 2.1 Representation of LDPC4.2 Error Floors of LDPC Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .LP Decoding of LDPC Codes with Alternating Direction Method

  14. Codes for the fast SSS QR eigens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fortran 90 codes (zip file); Matlab codes (zip file). Please email. A fast O(n^2) time QR eigensolver for companion matrices/polynomials. Fortran 90 codes (zip ...

  15. Graphical models for coding and computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santhi, Nandakishore

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    n, k, d ) linear code over F q , with generator matrix G andrepresents the generator matrix of a random linear code. Asrepresents the generator matrix of a random linear code. As

  16. Codeword Stabilized Quantum Codes and Their Error Correction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yunfan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    5.1.4 Generic CWS codes . . . . . . . . . . .USt codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Quantum Codes 2.1 Notations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2

  17. Algebraic list-decoding of error-correcting codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parvaresh, Farzad

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solomon codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.2 Guruswami-Simple trivariate codes and theirdecoding . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.1 Code parameters and

  18. Gas Code of Conduct (Connecticut)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Gas Code of Conduct sets forth the standard of conduct for transactions, direct or indirect, between gas companies and their affiliates. The purpose of these regulations is to promote...

  19. NFPA's Hydrogen Technologies Code Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rivkin, C. H.

    2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article discusses the development of National Fire Protection Association 2 (NFPA), a comprehensive hydrogen safety code. It analyses the contents of this document with particular attention focused on new requirements for setting hydrogen storage systems. These new requirements use computational fluid dynamic modeling and risk assessment procedures to develop requirements that are based on both technical analyses and defined risk criteria. The intent is to develop requirements based on procedures that can be replicated based on the information provided in the code document. This code will require documentation of the modeling inputs and risk criteria and analyses in the supporting information. This article also includes a description of the codes and standards that address hydrogen technologies in general.

  20. Commercial Building Codes and Standards

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Once an energy-efficient technology or practice is widely available in the market, it can become the baseline of performance through building energy codes and equipment standards. The Building...

  1. Optimization of the CMDFT Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Xiaoguang [ORNL; Kent, P. R. C. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report outlines the optimization of the CMDFT code by Xiaoguang Zhang during June-July 2006. The overall improvement in speed is nearly 40%. Possible further optimizatins are also discussed.

  2. Montana Coal Mining Code (Montana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Labor and Industry is authorized to adopt rules pertaining to safety standards for all coal mines in the state. The Code requires coal mine operators to make an accurate map or...

  3. Edge equilibrium code for tokamaks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Xujing [Institute of Computational Mathematics and Scientific/Engineering Computing, Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2719, Beijing 100190 (China)] [Institute of Computational Mathematics and Scientific/Engineering Computing, Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2719, Beijing 100190 (China); Zakharov, Leonid E. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Princeton, MS-27 P.O. Box 451, New Jersey (United States)] [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Princeton, MS-27 P.O. Box 451, New Jersey (United States); Drozdov, Vladimir V. [Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom)] [Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom)

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The edge equilibrium code (EEC) described in this paper is developed for simulations of the near edge plasma using the finite element method. It solves the Grad-Shafranov equation in toroidal coordinate and uses adaptive grids aligned with magnetic field lines. Hermite finite elements are chosen for the numerical scheme. A fast Newton scheme which is the same as implemented in the equilibrium and stability code (ESC) is applied here to adjust the grids.

  4. Rotationally invariant multilevel block codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulandaivelu, Anita

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ROTATIONALLY INVARIANT MULTILEVEL BLOCK CODES A Thesis by ANITA KULANDAIVELU Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AfjrM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1993... Major Subject: Electrical Engineering ROTATIONALLY INVARIANT MULTILEVEL BLOCK CODES A Thesis by ANITA KULANDAIVELU Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved...

  5. Quantum stabilizer codes and beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarvepalli, Pradeep Kiran

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    QUANTUM STABILIZER CODES AND BEYOND A Dissertation by PRADEEP KIRAN SARVEPALLI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2008 Major... Subject: Computer Science QUANTUM STABILIZER CODES AND BEYOND A Dissertation by PRADEEP KIRAN SARVEPALLI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY...

  6. Program School/ Career: Descripton ISIS Program Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Program School/ Career: Descripton ISIS Program Codes Program Career: Descripton College School;Program School/ Career: Descripton ISIS Program Codes Program Career: Descripton College School/ College 1

  7. Building Energy Codes Collaborative Technical Assistance for...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    State Energy Officials - 2014 BTO Peer Review Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance's Building Energy Codes Project Reducing Energy Demand in Buildings Through State Energy Codes...

  8. Graphical Quantum Error-Correcting Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sixia Yu; Qing Chen; C. H. Oh

    2007-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a purely graph-theoretical object, namely the coding clique, to construct quantum errorcorrecting codes. Almost all quantum codes constructed so far are stabilizer (additive) codes and the construction of nonadditive codes, which are potentially more efficient, is not as well understood as that of stabilizer codes. Our graphical approach provides a unified and classical way to construct both stabilizer and nonadditive codes. In particular we have explicitly constructed the optimal ((10,24,3)) code and a family of 1-error detecting nonadditive codes with the highest encoding rate so far. In the case of stabilizer codes a thorough search becomes tangible and we have classified all the extremal stabilizer codes up to 8 qubits.

  9. Codeword stabilized quantum codes on subsystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeonghwan Shin; Jun Heo; Todd A. Brun

    2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Codeword stabilized quantum codes provide a unified approach to constructing quantum error-correcting codes, including both additive and non-additive quantum codes. Standard codeword stabilized quantum codes encode quantum information into subspaces. The more general notion of encoding quantum information into a subsystem is known as an operator (or subsystem) quantum error correcting code. Most operator codes studied to date are based in the usual stabilizer formalism. We introduce operator quantum codes based on the codeword stabilized quantum code framework. Based on the necessary and sufficient conditions for operator quantum error correction, we derive a error correction condition for operator codeword stabilized quantum codes. Based on this condition, the word operators of a operator codeword stabilized quantum code are constructed from a set of classical binary errors induced by generators of the gauge group. We use this scheme to construct examples of both additive and non-additive codes that encode quantum information into a subsystem.

  10. Energy Consumption of Minimum Energy Coding in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl Henrik

    Energy Consumption of Minimum Energy Coding in CDMA Wireless Sensor Networks Benigno Zurita Ares://www.ee.kth.se/control Abstract. A theoretical framework is proposed for accurate perfor- mance analysis of minimum energy coding energy consumption is analyzed for two coding schemes proposed in the literature: Minimum Energy coding

  11. Presented by Campus Services Object Code Classifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Graeme L.

    ) Decrease expense from the wrong object code (From) Example: Expensed a service contract that covered 12

  12. Michigan Technological University_010114 R 10/25/13 Group Number: 71571 Package Code(s): 040 045 Section Code(s): 4000 4200

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Section Code(s): 4000 4200 PPO - HuskyCare HDHP Benefits-at-a-Glance Michigan Technological University In% after deductible Maternity Services Provided by a Physician Prenatal and Postnatal Care Visits CoveredMichigan Technological University_010114 R 10/25/13 Group Number: 71571 Package Code(s): 040 045

  13. A simple family of nonadditive quantum codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John A. Smolin; Graeme Smith; Stephanie Wehner

    2007-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Most known quantum codes are additive, meaning the codespace can be described as the simultaneous eigenspace of an abelian subgroup of the Pauli group. While in some scenarios such codes are strictly suboptimal, very little is understood about how to construct nonadditive codes with good performance. Here we present a family of nonadditive quantum codes for all odd blocklengths, n, that has a particularly simple form. Our codes correct single qubit erasures while encoding a higher dimensional space than is possible with an additive code or, for n of 11 or greater, any previous codes.

  14. International Student and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    Admissions Disability Services International Student and Scholar Services International Student of Continuing Education Theresa Ganglghassemlouei and Beth Isensee, International Student and Scholar Services Colleges & Programs Student Outcomes: · Process improvements · Enhance orientation content based

  15. Wood Resources International

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood Resources International Wood Raw Material Consumption on the Rise Despite Weak Global Economy UNECE Timber Committee Meeting October 7-8, 2003 Geneva, Switzerland Håkan Ekström Wood Resources International #12;Wood Resources International Outline · Roundwood Removals · Roundwood Consumption · Raw

  16. Parallization of Stellar Atmosphere Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Hoeflich

    2002-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Parallel computing has turned out to be the enabling technology to solve complex physical systems. However, the transition from shared memory, vector computers to massively parallel, distributed memory systems and, recently, to hybrid systems poses new challenges to the scientist. We want to present a cook-book (with a very strong, personal bias) based on our experience with parallization of our existing codes. Some of the general tools and communication libraries are discussed. Our approach includes a mixture of algorithm, domain and physical module based parallization. The advantages, scalability and limitations of each are discussed at some examples. We want show that it becomes easier to write parallel code with increasing complexity of the physical problem making stellar atmosphere codes beyond the classical assumptions very suitable.

  17. THE GOVERNANCE OF CODE: CODE AS GOVERNANCE Serena Syme[1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camp, L. Jean

    by the creation of information property. The establishment of a market involves the development of a bundle of rights that both create property and define the rules under which property-based transactions might occur, proprietary licenses, and the Uniform Computer Information Transactions Act (UCITA). The open code licenses

  18. Validation issues for SSI codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Philippacopoulos, A.J.

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper describes the results of a recent work which was performed to verify computer code predictions in the SSI area. The first part of the paper is concerned with analytic solutions of the system response. The mathematical derivations are reasonably reduced by the use of relatively simple models which capture fundamental ingredients of the physics of the system motion while allowing for the response to be obtained analytically. Having established explicit forms of the system response, numerical solutions from three computer codes are presented in comparative format.

  19. Internal Controls Evaluations

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    iPortal Space. III. GAO Standards for Internal Control in the Federal Government In 1999, GAO issued revised Standards for Internal Control in the Federal Government. This...

  20. Student Trainee (Engineering)- Intern

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The purpose of the Pathways Intern Employment Program is to provide the intern with exposure to public service, enhance educational experience, and support educational goals. The program is...

  1. International Commitments Management

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2008-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This Order establishes a process to manage the Department's International Commitments under the administrative direction of the Office of Policy and International Affairs. No cancellation.

  2. Turbo Codes are Low Density Parity Check Codes David J. C. MacKay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacKay, David J.C.

    Turbo Codes are Low Density Parity Check Codes David J. C. MacKay July 8, 1998--- Draft 0.2, not for distribution! (First draft written July 5, 1998) Abstract Turbo codes and Gallager codes (also known as low note that the parity check matrix of a Turbo code can be written as low density parity check matrix

  3. IEEE VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE SPRING, 2003 1 Space-Time Block Coding applied to Turbo Coded

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    IEEE VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE SPRING, 2003 1 Space-Time Block Coding applied to Turbo Coded and a Turbo Code (TC) as channel code. MC-CDMA is likely to be one of the most promising access technique. Then, since Turbo Coded MC-CDMA was demonstrated to be very efficient for a Single Input Single Output

  4. The First ASME Code Stamped Cryomodule at SNS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howell, M P; Crofford, M T; Douglas, D L; Kim, S -H; Steward, S T; Strong, W H; Afanador, R; Hannah, B S; Saunders, J

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first spare cryomodule for the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) has been designed, fabricated, and tested by SNS personnel. The approach to design for this cryomodule was to hold critical design features identical to the original design such as bayonet positions, coupler positions, cold mass assembly, and overall footprint. However, this is the first SNS cryomodule that meets the pressure requirements put forth in the 10 CFR 851: Worker Safety and Health Program. The most significant difference is that Section VIII of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code was applied to the vacuum vessel of this cryomodule. Applying the pressure code to the helium vessels within the cryomodule was considered. However, it was determined to be schedule prohibitive because it required a code case for materials that are not currently covered by the code. Good engineering practice was applied to the internal components to verify the quality and integrity of the entire cryomodule. The design of the cryomodule, fabrication effort, and cryogenic test results will be reported in this paper.

  5. PAYMENT VOUCHER Vendor Code: L#

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemmers, Oliver

    PAYMENT VOUCHER Vendor Code: L# Vendor Name: Person Picking Up Check* Addrl: Mail Stop AddR: Check#/ DESCRIPTION(20) HumanSbjt Payments ORGN (4) 0000 OBJECT(2) 30 VENDOR INVOICE# (11) AMOUNT 100.00 SUB-OBJECT(2

  6. Project Juno Code of Practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davies, Christopher

    Project Juno Code of Practice Institute of Physics Advancing women's careers in physics higher: Appointment, promotion and selection processes and procedures that encourage men and women to apply for academic posts at all levels. 2.1 Transparent processes and procedures 2.1.1 Ensure that selection criteria

  7. WESTERN MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY STUDENT CODE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Doncker, Elise

    WESTERN MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY STUDENT CODE Approved by The Western Michigan University Board Michigan University Kalamazoo, MI 49008 Effective August 2008 #12;A UNIVERSITY COMMUNITY IS... ...a for the Advancement of Teaching; Ernest L. Boyer (frwd.); Princeton, New Jersey; 1990 #12;WESTERN MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY

  8. Free Energy Code Online Discussion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Free Energy Code Online Discussion for Building Department Personnel Join us for this FREE 90 by California utility customers under the auspices of the California Public Utilities Commission and in support -- availability subject to enrollment levels: Tuesday, October 1 ­ Click here to register Wednesday, October 2

  9. Degenerate Quantum Codes for Pauli Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graeme Smith; John A. Smolin

    2006-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A striking feature of quantum error correcting codes is that they can sometimes be used to correct more errors than they can uniquely identify. Such degenerate codes have long been known, but have remained poorly understood. We provide a heuristic for designing degenerate quantum codes for high noise rates, which is applied to generate codes that can be used to communicate over almost any Pauli channel at rates that are impossible for a nondegenerate code. The gap between nondegenerate and degenerate code performance is quite large, in contrast to the tiny magnitude of the only previous demonstration of this effect. We also identify a channel for which none of our codes outperform the best nondegenerate code and show that it is nevertheless quite unlike any channel for which nondegenerate codes are known to be optimal.

  10. Code Booster Award-winning research on code optimization explores multicore computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowles, David William

    May 2008 Code Booster Award-winning research on code optimization explores multicore computing paper exploring ways to make a popular scientific analysis code run smoothly on different types of multicore computers. SamuelWilliams,aresearcherfromBerkeleyLab'sComputational

  11. Two-Layer Error Control Codes Combining Rectangular and Hamming Product Codes for Cache Error

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Meilin

    We propose a novel two-layer error control code, combining error detection capability of rectangular codes and error correction capability of Hamming product codes in an efficient way, in order to increase cache error ...

  12. Effects of internal gain assumptions in building energy calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christensen, C.; Perkins, R.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The utilization of direct solar gains in buildings can be affected by operating profiles, such as schedules for internal gains, thermostat controls, and ventilation rates. Building energy analysis methods use various assumptions about these profiles. The effects of typical internal gain assumptions in energy calculations are described. Heating and cooling loads from simulations using the DOE 2.1 computer code are compared for various internal-gain inputs: typical hourly profiles, constant average profiles, and zero gain profiles. Prototype single-family-detached and multi-family-attached residential units are studied with various levels of insulation and infiltration. Small detached commercial buildings and attached zones in large commercial buildings are studied with various levels of internal gains. The results of this study indicate that calculations of annual heating and cooling loads are sensitive to internal gains, but in most cases are relatively insensitive to hourly variations in internal gains.

  13. STEP Intern Job Description

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    STEP Intern Job Description, from the Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP).

  14. IN TODAY'S PAPER International

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    India's participation in the multi-billion-dollar International Thermonuclear Reactor project which aims

  15. Assessor Training International

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NVLAP Assessor Training International Arrangements #12;Assessor Training 2009: International;Assessor Training 2009: International Arrangements 3 2009 is the 10th anniversary of the signing granted by a signatory to the ILAC Arrangement #12;Assessor Training 2009: International Arrangements 4

  16. Bounds on Effective Hamiltonians for Stabilizer Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephen S. Bullock; Dianne P. O'Leary

    2008-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This manuscript introduces various notions of k-locality of stabilizer codes inherited from the associated stabilizer groups. A choice of generators for the group leads to a Hamiltonian with the code in its groundspace, while a Hamiltonian holding the code in its groundspace might be called effective if its locality is less than that of a natural choice of generators (or any choice). This paper establishes some conditions under which effective Hamiltonians for stabilizer codes do not exist. Our results simplify in the cases of Calderbank-Shor-Steane stabilizer codes and topologically-ordered stabilizer codes arising from surface cellulations.

  17. Quantum Stabilizer Codes Embedding Qubits Into Qudits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlo Cafaro; Federico Maiolini; Stefano Mancini

    2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We study, by means of the stabilizer formalism, a quantum error correcting code which is alternative to the standard block codes since it embeds a qubit into a qudit. The code exploits the non-commutative geometry of discrete phase space to protect the qubit against both amplitude and phase errors. The performance of such code is evaluated on Weyl channels by means of the entanglement fidelity as function of the error probability. A comparison with standard block codes, like five and seven qubit stabilizer codes, shows its superiority.

  18. Detailed Analysis of the Thermal Mass Credits in a Code-Traceable DOE-2 Simulation of the 2001 IECC for a Single-Family Residence in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, S.; Haberl, J.

    This paper presents the results of a study that investigates the thermal mass credits in the 2001 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) (ICC 1999, 2001) for a single-family residence in Texas using the DOE-2 building energy simulation...

  19. Development of DOE-2 Based Simulation Models for the Code-Compliant Commercial Construction Based on the ASHRAE Standard 90.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, S.; Haberl, J.; Liu, Z.

    ), area sources (such as residential emissions), road mobile sources, and non-road mobile sources. For the building energy sector, the Texas State Legislature adopted the 2000 International Energy Conservation Code, as modified by the 2001 Supplement...

  20. Quantifying the Performance of Quantum Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Cafaro; S. L'Innocente; C. Lupo; S. Mancini

    2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the properties of error correcting codes for noise models in the presence of asymmetries and/or correlations by means of the entanglement fidelity and the code entropy. First, we consider a dephasing Markovian memory channel and characterize the performance of both a repetition code and an error avoiding code in terms of the entanglement fidelity. We also consider the concatenation of such codes and show that it is especially advantageous in the regime of partial correlations. Finally, we characterize the effectiveness of the codes and their concatenation by means of the code entropy and find, in particular, that the effort required for recovering such codes decreases when the error probability decreases and the memory parameter increases. Second, we consider both symmetric and asymmetric depolarizing noisy quantum memory channels and perform quantum error correction via the five qubit stabilizer code. We characterize this code by means of the entanglement fidelity and the code entropy as function of the asymmetric error probabilities and the degree of memory. Specifically, we uncover that while the asymmetry in the depolarizing errors does not affect the entanglement fidelity of the five qubit code, it becomes a relevant feature when the code entropy is used as a performance quantifier.

  1. An implicit Smooth Particle Hydrodynamic code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Charles E. Knapp

    2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An implicit version of the Smooth Particle Hydrodynamic (SPH) code SPHINX has been written and is working. In conjunction with the SPHINX code the new implicit code models fluids and solids under a wide range of conditions. SPH codes are Lagrangian, meshless and use particles to model the fluids and solids. The implicit code makes use of the Krylov iterative techniques for solving large linear-systems and a Newton-Raphson method for non-linear corrections. It uses numerical derivatives to construct the Jacobian matrix. It uses sparse techniques to save on memory storage and to reduce the amount of computation. It is believed that this is the first implicit SPH code to use Newton-Krylov techniques, and is also the first implicit SPH code to model solids. A description of SPH and the techniques used in the implicit code are presented. Then, the results of a number of tests cases are discussed, which include a shock tube problem, a Rayleigh-Taylor problem, a breaking dam problem, and a single jet of gas problem. The results are shown to be in very good agreement with analytic solutions, experimental results, and the explicit SPHINX code. In the case of the single jet of gas case it has been demonstrated that the implicit code can do a problem in much shorter time than the explicit code. The problem was, however, very unphysical, but it does demonstrate the potential of the implicit code. It is a first step toward a useful implicit SPH code.

  2. 2-D Stellar Evolution Code Including Arbitrary Magnetic Fields. I. Mathematical Techniques and Test Cases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. H. Li; P. Ventura; S. Basu; S. Sofia; P. Demarque

    2006-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A high-precision two-dimensional stellar evolution code has been developed for studying solar variability due to structural changes produced by varying internal magnetic fields of arbitrary configurations. Specifically, we are interested in modeling the effects of a dynamo-type field on the detailed internal structure and on the global parameters of the Sun. The high precision is required both to model very small solar changes (of order of $10^{-4}$) and short time scales (or order of one year). It is accomplished by using the mass coordinate to replace the radial coordinate, by using fixed and adjustable time steps, a realistic stellar atmosphere, elements diffusion, and by adjusting the grid points. We have also built into the code the potential to subsequently include rotation and turbulence. The current code has been tested for several cases, including its ability to reproduce the 1-D results.

  3. Visual analysis of code security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goodall, John R [ORNL] [ORNL; Radwan, Hassan [Applied Visions, Inc.] [Applied Visions, Inc.; Halseth, Lenny [Applied Visions, Inc.] [Applied Visions, Inc.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To help increase the confidence that software is secure, researchers and vendors have developed different kinds of automated software security analysis tools. These tools analyze software for weaknesses and vulnerabilities, but the individual tools catch different vulnerabilities and produce voluminous data with many false positives. This paper describes a system that brings together the results of disparate software analysis tools into a visual environment to support the triage and exploration of code vulnerabilities. Our system allows software developers to explore vulnerability results to uncover hidden trends, triage the most important code weaknesses, and show who is responsible for introducing software vulnerabilities. By correlating and normalizing multiple software analysis tools' data, the overall vulnerability detection coverage of software is increased. A visual overview and powerful interaction allows the user to focus attention on the most pressing vulnerabilities within huge volumes of data, and streamlines the secure software development workflow through integration with development tools.

  4. The EGS5 Code System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirayama, Hideo; Namito, Yoshihito; /KEK, Tsukuba; Bielajew, Alex F.; Wilderman, Scott J.; U., Michigan; Nelson, Walter R.; /SLAC

    2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In the nineteen years since EGS4 was released, it has been used in a wide variety of applications, particularly in medical physics, radiation measurement studies, and industrial development. Every new user and every new application bring new challenges for Monte Carlo code designers, and code refinements and bug fixes eventually result in a code that becomes difficult to maintain. Several of the code modifications represented significant advances in electron and photon transport physics, and required a more substantial invocation than code patching. Moreover, the arcane MORTRAN3[48] computer language of EGS4, was highest on the complaint list of the users of EGS4. The size of the EGS4 user base is difficult to measure, as there never existed a formal user registration process. However, some idea of the numbers may be gleaned from the number of EGS4 manuals that were produced and distributed at SLAC: almost three thousand. Consequently, the EGS5 project was undertaken. It was decided to employ the FORTRAN 77 compiler, yet include as much as possible, the structural beauty and power of MORTRAN3. This report consists of four chapters and several appendices. Chapter 1 is an introduction to EGS5 and to this report in general. We suggest that you read it. Chapter 2 is a major update of similar chapters in the old EGS4 report[126] (SLAC-265) and the old EGS3 report[61] (SLAC-210), in which all the details of the old physics (i.e., models which were carried over from EGS4) and the new physics are gathered together. The descriptions of the new physics are extensive, and not for the faint of heart. Detailed knowledge of the contents of Chapter 2 is not essential in order to use EGS, but sophisticated users should be aware of its contents. In particular, details of the restrictions on the range of applicability of EGS are dispersed throughout the chapter. First-time users of EGS should skip Chapter 2 and come back to it later if necessary. With the release of the EGS4 version, a deliberate attempt was made to present example problems in order to help the user ''get started'', and we follow that spirit in this report. A series of elementary tutorial user codes are presented in Chapter 3, with more sophisticated sample user codes described in Chapter 4. Novice EGS users will find it helpful to read through the initial sections of the EGS5 User Manual (provided in Appendix B of this report), proceeding then to work through the tutorials in Chapter 3. The User Manuals and other materials found in the appendices contain detailed flow charts, variable lists, and subprogram descriptions of EGS5 and PEGS. Included are step-by-step instructions for developing basic EGS5 user codes and for accessing all of the physics options available in EGS5 and PEGS. Once acquainted with the basic structure of EGS5, users should find the appendices the most frequently consulted sections of this report.

  5. CBP PHASE I CODE INTEGRATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, F.; Brown, K.; Flach, G.; Sarkar, S.

    2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the Cementitious Barriers Partnership (CBP) is to develop a reasonable and credible set of software tools to predict the structural, hydraulic, and chemical performance of cement barriers used in nuclear applications over extended time frames (greater than 100 years for operating facilities and greater than 1000 years for waste management). The simulation tools will be used to evaluate and predict the behavior of cementitious barriers used in near surface engineered waste disposal systems including waste forms, containment structures, entombments, and environmental remediation. These cementitious materials are exposed to dynamic environmental conditions that cause changes in material properties via (i) aging, (ii) chloride attack, (iii) sulfate attack, (iv) carbonation, (v) oxidation, and (vi) primary constituent leaching. A set of state-of-the-art software tools has been selected as a starting point to capture these important aging and degradation phenomena. Integration of existing software developed by the CBP partner organizations was determined to be the quickest method of meeting the CBP goal of providing a computational tool that improves the prediction of the long-term behavior of cementitious materials. These partner codes were selected based on their maturity and ability to address the problems outlined above. The GoldSim Monte Carlo simulation program (GTG 2010a, GTG 2010b) was chosen as the code integration platform (Brown & Flach 2009b). GoldSim (current Version 10.5) is a Windows based graphical object-oriented computer program that provides a flexible environment for model development (Brown & Flach 2009b). The linking of GoldSim to external codes has previously been successfully demonstrated (Eary 2007, Mattie et al. 2007). GoldSim is capable of performing deterministic and probabilistic simulations and of modeling radioactive decay and constituent transport. As part of the CBP project, a general Dynamic Link Library (DLL) interface was developed to link GoldSim with external codes (Smith III et al. 2010). The DLL uses a list of code inputs provided by GoldSim to create an input file for the external application, runs the external code, and returns a list of outputs (read from files created by the external application) back to GoldSim. In this way GoldSim provides: (1) a unified user interface to the applications, (2) the capability of coupling selected codes in a synergistic manner, and (3) the capability of performing probabilistic uncertainty analysis with the codes. GoldSim is made available by the GoldSim Technology Group as a free 'Player' version that allows running but not editing GoldSim models. The player version makes the software readily available to a wider community of users that would wish to use the CBP application but do not have a license for GoldSim.

  6. Design of additive quantum codes via the code-word-stabilized framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kovalev, Alexey A.; Pryadko, Leonid P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, California 92521 (United States); Dumer, Ilya [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California, Riverside, California 92521 (United States)

    2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider design of the quantum stabilizer codes via a two-step, low-complexity approach based on the framework of codeword-stabilized (CWS) codes. In this framework, each quantum CWS code can be specified by a graph and a binary code. For codes that can be obtained from a given graph, we give several upper bounds on the distance of a generic (additive or nonadditive) CWS code, and the lower Gilbert-Varshamov bound for the existence of additive CWS codes. We also consider additive cyclic CWS codes and show that these codes correspond to a previously unexplored class of single-generator cyclic stabilizer codes. We present several families of simple stabilizer codes with relatively good parameters.

  7. Evolutionary approaches toward practical network coding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Minkyu, 1976-

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There have been numerous studies showing various benefits of network coding. However, in order to have network coding widely deployed in real networks, it is also important to show that the amount of overhead incurred by ...

  8. Reusing code by reasoning about its purpose

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Kenneth Charles

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When programmers face unfamiliar or challenging tasks, code written by others could give them inspiration or reusable pieces. But how can they find code appropriate for their goals? This thesis describes a programming ...

  9. Efficient, transparent, and comprehensive runtime code manipulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruening, Derek L. (Derek Lane), 1976-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis addresses the challenges of building a software system for general-purpose runtime code manipulation. Modern applications, with dynamically-loaded modules and dynamically-generated code, are assembled at runtime. ...

  10. Designing Distributed Applications with Mobile Code Paradigms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carzaniga, Antonio

    Designing Distributed Applications with Mobile Code Paradigms Antonio Carzaniga Politecnico di code, design paradigms, distributed applica­ tions. INTRODUCTION Distributed systems have been with the design of distributed applications, that aims at identifying the distributable components

  11. Designing Distributed Applications with Mobile Code Paradigms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carzaniga, Antonio

    Designing Distributed Applications with Mobile Code Paradigms Antonio Carzaniga Politecnico di the selection of the correct paradigm for a given distributed application. Keywords Mobile code, design with the design of distributed applications, that aims at identifying the distributable components

  12. Green Codes and Programs | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Green Codes and Programs Green Codes and Programs Blue version of the EERE PowerPoint template, for use with PowerPoint 2007. Transcript Presentation More Documents & Publications...

  13. Quantum error-correcting codes and devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gottesman, Daniel (Los Alamos, NM)

    2000-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of forming quantum error-correcting codes by first forming a stabilizer for a Hilbert space. A quantum information processing device can be formed to implement such quantum codes.

  14. N. Mariana Islands- Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    ''Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more...

  15. The College Station Residential Energy Compliance Code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claridge, D. E.; Schrock, D.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The City of College Station, Texas adopted a new residential Energy Compliance Code in January, 1988. The code, which strengthens compliance requirements in several areas, has received broadly based support and acceptance from all major constituent...

  16. Arkansas Air Pollution Control Code (Arkansas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Arkansas Air Pollution Control code is adopted pursuant to Subchapter 2 of the Arkansas Water and Air Pollution Control Act (Arkansas Code Annotated 8-4-101). ) By authority of the same State...

  17. Transforms for prediction residuals in video coding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kam??l?, Fatih

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Typically the same transform, the 2-D Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT), is used to compress both image intensities in image coding and prediction residuals in video coding. Major prediction residuals include the motion ...

  18. Medical imaging with coded apertures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keto, E.; Libby, S.

    1995-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Now algorithms were investigated for image reconstruction in emission tomography which could incorporate complex instrumental effects such as might be obtained with a coded aperture system. The investigation focused on possible uses of the wavelet transform to handle non-stationary instrumental effects and analytic continuation of the Radon transform to handle self-absorption. Neither investigation was completed during the funding period and whether such algorithms will be useful remains an open question.

  19. Code input alternatives John C. Wright

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, John C.

    Code input alternatives John C. Wright John Wright Oct 2009 ­ CSWIM Workshop@ORNL Extensible markup

  20. Evaluation and validation of criticality codes for fuel dissolver calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santamarina, A.; Smith, H.J. (CEA Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Cadarache, 13 - Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France)); Whitesides, G.E. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the past ten years an OECD/NEA Criticality Working Group has examined the validity of criticality safety computational methods. International calculation tools which were shown to be valid in systems for which experimental data existed were demonstrated to be inadequate when extrapolated to fuel dissolver media. The spread of the results in the international calculation amounted to {plus minus} 12,000 pcm in the realistic fuel dissolver exercise n{degrees} 19 proposed by BNFL, and to {plus minus} 25,000 pcm in the benchmark n{degrees} 20 in which fissile material in solid form is surrounded by fissile material in solution. A theoretical study of the main physical parameters involved in fuel dissolution calculations was performed, i.e. range of moderation, variation of pellet size and the fuel double heterogeneity effect. The APOLLO/P{sub IC} method developed to treat latter effect, permits us to supply the actual reactivity variation with pellet dissolution and to propose international reference values. The disagreement among contributors' calculations was analyzed through a neutron balance breakdown, based on three-group microscopic reaction rates solicited from the participants. The results pointed out that fast and resonance nuclear data in criticality codes are not sufficiently reliable. Moreover the neutron balance analysis emphasized the inadequacy of the standard self-shielding formalism (NITAWL in the international SCALE package) to account for {sup 238}U resonance mutual self-shielding in the pellet-fissile liquor interaction. Improvements in the up-dated 1990 contributions, as do recent complementary reference calculations (MCNP, VIM, ultrafine slowing-down CGM calculation), confirm the need to use rigorous self-shielding methods in criticality design-oriented codes. 6 refs., 11 figs., 3 tabs.

  1. San Francisco Building Code Amendments to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 2010 San Francisco Building Code Amendments to the 2010 California Green Building Standards Code not pertain to energy) Operative date: January 1, 2011 #12;139 Chapter 13C GREEN BUILDING REQUIREMENTS shall be known as the California San Francisco Green Building Standards Code and may be cited

  2. Ultra-narrow bandwidth voice coding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Holzrichter, John F. (Berkeley, CA); Ng, Lawrence C. (Danville, CA)

    2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A system of removing excess information from a human speech signal and coding the remaining signal information, transmitting the coded signal, and reconstructing the coded signal. The system uses one or more EM wave sensors and one or more acoustic microphones to determine at least one characteristic of the human speech signal.

  3. CARD No. 23 Models and Computer Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CARD No. 23 Models and Computer Codes 23.A BACKGROUND Section 194.23 addresses the compliance criteria requirements for conceptual models and computer codes. Conceptual models capture a general (PA). The design of computer codes begins with the development of conceptual models. Conceptual models

  4. STUDENT CONDUCT CODE REVIEW/DISCUSSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fainman, Yeshaiahu

    STUDENT CONDUCT CODE REVISION REVIEW/DISCUSSION Student Conduct Code Revision Workgroup #12;Agenda Introductions/Purpose History of the Student Conduct Code Revision Workgroup Highlights of the Draft Revision Introduction: Principles Promoting Student Responsibility Jurisdiction Conduct in Violation of Community

  5. Using closures for code generation Marc Feeley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feeley, Marc

    which offers the advantages of an interpreter with the speed of compiled code. Code generation relies - environment (i.e. the set of current variable bindings). This operation is called closure. We speakUsing closures for code generation Marc Feeley Guy Lapalme D´epartement d'informatique et de

  6. A Turbo Code Tutorial William E. Ryan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shea, John M.

    A Turbo Code Tutorial William E. Ryan New Mexico State University Box 30001 Dept. 3-O, Las Cruces, NM 88003 wryan@nmsu.edu Abstract| We give a tutorial exposition of turbo codes and the associated algorithms. Included are a simple derivation for the performance of turbo codes, and a straightforward

  7. Homological Error Correction: Classical and Quantum Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Bombin; M. A. Martin-Delgado

    2006-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove several theorems characterizing the existence of homological error correction codes both classically and quantumly. Not every classical code is homological, but we find a family of classical homological codes saturating the Hamming bound. In the quantum case, we show that for non-orientable surfaces it is impossible to construct homological codes based on qudits of dimension $D>2$, while for orientable surfaces with boundaries it is possible to construct them for arbitrary dimension $D$. We give a method to obtain planar homological codes based on the construction of quantum codes on compact surfaces without boundaries. We show how the original Shor's 9-qubit code can be visualized as a homological quantum code. We study the problem of constructing quantum codes with optimal encoding rate. In the particular case of toric codes we construct an optimal family and give an explicit proof of its optimality. For homological quantum codes on surfaces of arbitrary genus we also construct a family of codes asymptotically attaining the maximum possible encoding rate. We provide the tools of homology group theory for graphs embedded on surfaces in a self-contained manner.

  8. Cost Codes and the Work Breakdown Structure

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The chapter discusses the purpose of the work breakdown structure (WBS) and code of account (COA) cost code system, shows the purpose and fundamental structure of both the WBS and the cost code system, and explains the interface between the two systems.

  9. Users manual for CAFE-3D : a computational fluid dynamics fire code.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khalil, Imane; Lopez, Carlos; Suo-Anttila, Ahti Jorma (Alion Science and Technology, Albuquerque, NM)

    2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Container Analysis Fire Environment (CAFE) computer code has been developed to model all relevant fire physics for predicting the thermal response of massive objects engulfed in large fires. It provides realistic fire thermal boundary conditions for use in design of radioactive material packages and in risk-based transportation studies. The CAFE code can be coupled to commercial finite-element codes such as MSC PATRAN/THERMAL and ANSYS. This coupled system of codes can be used to determine the internal thermal response of finite element models of packages to a range of fire environments. This document is a user manual describing how to use the three-dimensional version of CAFE, as well as a description of CAFE input and output parameters. Since this is a user manual, only a brief theoretical description of the equations and physical models is included.

  10. Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop: Code for Hydrogen Pipelines...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Working Group Workshop: Code for Hydrogen Pipelines Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop: Code for Hydrogen Pipelines Code for Hydrogen Piping and Pipelines. B31 Hydrogen...

  11. State and Local Code Implementation: Northeast Region - 2014...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Local Code Implementation: South-central Region - 2014 BTO Peer Review Building Energy Codes Program - 2014 BTO Peer Review State and Local Code Implementation: State Energy...

  12. Technical Assistance: Increasing Code Compliance - 2014 BTO Peer...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Code Compliance - 2014 BTO Peer Review More Documents & Publications Building Energy Codes Program - 2014 BTO Peer Review Building Energy Codes Program Overview - 2014 BTO Peer...

  13. Energy Codes and the Landlord-Tenant Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papineau, Maya

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a Commercial Building Energy Code in Michigan,” Report PNNL-Grant Summaries,” 1999. Office of Codes and Standards. , “2004,” , “Building Energy Codes: An Introduction,” 2010.

  14. The Cost of Enforcing Building Energy Codes: Phase 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Alison

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    B. (2005). Residential Energy Code Evaluatinons: Review andProvidence, RI: Building Codes Assistance Project. ZING2007 Commercial Energy Code Compliance Study. Calgary, AB:

  15. Two-Level Nonregular Designs From Quaternary Linear Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hongquan Xu; Alan Wong

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Goethals, and related codes. IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory 40,Theory of Error-Correcting Codes. North- Holland, Amsterdam.1967). An optimum nonlinear code. Inform. Control 11, Sun,

  16. Stationary and Portable Fuel Cell Systems Codes and Standards...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Stationary and Portable Fuel Cell Systems Codes and Standards Citations Stationary and Portable Fuel Cell Systems Codes and Standards Citations This document lists codes and...

  17. Webinar: Residential Energy Code Compliance | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Webinar: Residential Energy Code Compliance Webinar: Residential Energy Code Compliance View the Code Compliance Funding Opportunity video or see the slides below. This webinar...

  18. Reducing Energy Demand in Buildings Through State Energy Codes...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Reducing Energy Demand in Buildings Through State Energy Codes Reducing Energy Demand in Buildings Through State Energy Codes Building Codes Project for the 2013 Building...

  19. Hydrogen Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations Hydrogen Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations This document lists codes and standards typically used...

  20. Performance of Turbo Coded WCDMA with Downlink Space Time Block Coding in Correlated Fading Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandayam, Narayan

    Performance of Turbo Coded WCDMA with Downlink Space Time Block Coding in Correlated Fading due to potential high data rate applications such as wireless internet access. Turbo codes. In this paper, we evaluate the performance of turbo coded WCDMA systems with downlink transmit diversity

  1. Code Generation on Steroids: Enhancing COTS Code Generators via Generative Aspects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryder, Barbara G.

    Code Generation on Steroids: Enhancing COTS Code Generators via Generative Aspects Cody Henthorne tilevich@cs.vt.edu Abstract Commercial of-the-shelf (COTS) code generators have become an integral part of modern commercial software development. Programmers use code generators to facilitate many tedious

  2. Absorbing Set Analysis of LDPC Codes and Read-Channel Quantization in Flash Memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jiadong

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61 SCB codes for r = 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63 SCB codes for r =

  3. Efficient Decoding of Topological Color Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pradeep Sarvepalli; Robert Raussendorf

    2011-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Color codes are a class of topological quantum codes with a high error threshold and large set of transversal encoded gates, and are thus suitable for fault tolerant quantum computation in two-dimensional architectures. Recently, computationally efficient decoders for the color codes were proposed. We describe an alternate efficient iterative decoder for topological color codes, and apply it to the color code on hexagonal lattice embedded on a torus. In numerical simulations, we find an error threshold of 7.8% for independent dephasing and spin flip errors.

  4. Data compression using inverted block codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClellan, Stan

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fields 2. Minimum Distance and Error Correction 3. Matrix Notation for Codes 4. Cosets, Coset Leaders, and Maximum Likelihood Decoding C. Syndrome Decoding . D. Inversion of Codes E. Distortion Measure for Inverted Block Codes . F. Perfect Codes...+. The average distortion for block code C is found by averaging the word distortion measure of Equation 3. 3 over all codewords (n-tuples) x, so that p (C) = E[ (xlC)] = Q p(x)p. (?x). all x If the codewords are uniformly identically distributed, N...

  5. Potential Job Creation in Minnesota as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

  6. Potential Job Creation in Nevada as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

  7. Potential Job Creation in Tennessee as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

  8. Potential Job Creation in Rhode Island as a Result of Adopting New Residential Building Energy Codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, Michael J.; Niemeyer, Jackie M.

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Are there advantages to states that adopt the most recent model building energy codes other than saving energy? For example, can the construction activity and energy savings associated with code-compliant housing units become significant sources of job creation for states if new building energy codes are adopted to cover residential construction? , The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) asked Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to research and ascertain whether jobs would be created in individual states based on their adoption of model building energy codes. Each state in the country is dealing with high levels of unemployment, so job creation has become a top priority. Many programs have been created to combat unemployment with various degrees of failure and success. At the same time, many states still have not yet adopted the most current versions of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) model building energy code, when doing so could be a very effective tool in creating jobs to assist states in recovering from this economic downturn.

  9. International aeronautical user charges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Odoni, Amedeo R.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Introduction: 1.1 BACKGROUND AND MOTIVATION Very few issues relating to the international air transportation industry are today as divisive as those pertaining to user charges imposed at international airports and enroute ...

  10. International Mathematics Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffmeister, Thomas S.

    International Mathematics Education Professional Development for Mathematics Teachers Education(November2012-February2013) Problem Solving and Problem Based Teaching in Mathematics Education(March-June2013) #12;International Mathematics Education - Professional Development for Mathematics Teachers

  11. Essays in international trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romalis, John

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is a collection of essays on the effect of trade costs on international trade. Chapter 1 derives and empirically examines how factor proportions determine the structure of commodity trade when international ...

  12. Statewide Electricity and Demand Capacity Savings from the Implementation of IECC Code in Texas: Analysis for Single-Family Residences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, H.; Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.; Lewis, C.; Yazdani, B.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STATEWIDE ELECTRICITY AND DEMAND CAPACITY SAVINGS FROM THE IMPLEMENTATION OF IECC CODE IN TEXAS: ANALYSIS FOR SINGLE?FAMILY RESIDENCES 11th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations New York City, October 18 ? 20, 2011 Hyojin...&M University System Statewide Electricity and Demand Savings from the IECC Code in TX 11th ICEBO Conference Oct. 18 ? 20, 2011 2 Outline Introduction Methodology Base?Case Building Results Summary Statewide Electricity and Demand Savings from the IECC...

  13. International Exeter annual report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -chancellor's international engagement 68 China and Hong Kong 74 India 78 United States of America 82 United Arab Emirates 88

  14. International Exeter annual report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Chancellor's international engagement 66 China and Hong Kong 72 India 76 United States of America 80 United Arab Emirates 86

  15. International Freshwater Agreements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    Population Distribution ..................................................... 16 Population Density per, circa 1995............................................... 20 Dam Density per International River Basin ............................ 25 Africa ................................................................

  16. Texas Energy Code Compliance Collaborative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herbert, C.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 7 Source: ACEEE Building Energy Codes Program 2010 ESL-KT-13-12-29 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 Residential (Single Family Residences And Duplexes...CATEE 2013 December 18, 2013 ESL-KT-13-12-29 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 ? Member-based, non-profit organization ? The newest Regional Energy Efficiency Organization (REEO) ? Founded...

  17. GENII Code | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Subject: Guidance for natural gas as aGEA HonorsGENII Code GENII

  18. code | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop,SaveWhiskey Flats GeothermalElectric Coop Home7 August, 2013code

  19. International and Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Tony

    MSc International Accounting and Finance #12;What is International Accounting and Finance and why involved. Why study International Accounting and Finance at Stirling? One In the most recent Research Assessment Exercise, the University of Stirling's division of Accounting and Finance was rated first equal

  20. International Student Guide Mathematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harman, Neal.A.

    International Student Guide Mathematics www.swansea.ac.uk/maths www.swansea.ac.uk/science/international #12;Reasons to study at Swansea University Mathematics at Swansea University Established in 1920, 36th and more Over 15,000 students / Over 2,000 International students Strongest in Wales for Mathematics

  1. Virtual Private Environments for Multiphysics Code Validation on Computing Grids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Virtual Private Environments for Multiphysics Code Validation on Computing Grids Toan Nguyen-based computing environments and deploys, tests and analyzes multiphysics codes. A second approach executes model coupling, error correlations, alert definitions, best usage practices, code verification and code

  2. Decoding linear codes via optimization and graph-based techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taghavi, Mohammad H.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2.2.1 Linear Codes on1.1.2 Graph-Based Codes 1.2 Dissertation Overview . . .versus the length of the code for (3,6)-regular LDPC codes (

  3. Comparative Dosimetric Estimates of a 25 keV Electron Micro-beam with three Monte Carlo Codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mainardi, Enrico; Donahue, Richard J.; Blakely, Eleanor A.

    2002-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The calculations presented compare the different performances of the three Monte Carlo codes PENELOPE-1999, MCNP-4C and PITS, for the evaluation of Dose profiles from a 25 keV electron micro-beam traversing individual cells. The overall model of a cell is a water cylinder equivalent for the three codes but with a different internal scoring geometry: hollow cylinders for PENELOPE and MCNP, whereas spheres are used for the PITS code. A cylindrical cell geometry with scoring volumes with the shape of hollow cylinders was initially selected for PENELOPE and MCNP because of its superior simulation of the actual shape and dimensions of a cell and for its improved computer-time efficiency if compared to spherical internal volumes. Some of the transfer points and energy transfer that constitute a radiation track may actually fall in the space between spheres, that would be outside the spherical scoring volume. This internal geometry, along with the PENELOPE algorithm, drastically reduced the computer time when using this code if comparing with event-by-event Monte Carlo codes like PITS. This preliminary work has been important to address dosimetric estimates at low electron energies. It demonstrates that codes like PENELOPE can be used for Dose evaluation, even with such small geometries and energies involved, which are far below the normal use for which the code was created. Further work (initiated in Summer 2002) is still needed however, to create a user-code for PENELOPE that allows uniform comparison of exact cell geometries, integral volumes and also microdosimetric scoring quantities, a field where track-structure codes like PITS, written for this purpose, are believed to be superior.

  4. PACER -- A fast running computer code for the calculation of short-term containment/confinement loads following coolant boundary failure. Volume 1: Code models and correlations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sienicki, J.J.

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A fast running and simple computer code has been developed to calculate pressure loadings inside light water reactor containments/confinements under loss-of-coolant accident conditions. PACER was originally developed to calculate containment/confinement pressure and temperature time histories for loss-of-coolant accidents in Soviet-designed VVER reactors and is relevant to the activities of the US International Nuclear Safety Center. The code employs a multicompartment representation of the containment volume and is focused upon application to early time containment phenomena during and immediately following blowdown. Flashing from coolant release, condensation heat transfer, intercompartment transport, and engineered safety features are described using best estimate models and correlations often based upon experiment analyses. Two notable capabilities of PACER that differ from most other containment loads codes are the modeling of the rates of steam and water formation accompanying coolant release as well as the correlations for steam condensation upon structure.

  5. From Domestic vs. International to Domestic and International

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    % 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Domestic International International Domestic 100% 67% 86% 29

  6. A Code Motion Framework for Global Instruction Scheduling ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Rajiv

    of the program; and a transformation step in which the code motion is performed along with compensation code placement and application of code optimizations enabled by code motion. The framework is powerful elimination and partial dead code elimination optimizations with the code motion transformations

  7. Binary Codes In this lesson, you will study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bouhraoua, Abdelhafid

    Coded Decimal (BCD), Error detection codes, Character codes 2. Coding versus binary conversion. Binary Decimal (BCD) code which corresponds to the first 10 binary representations of the decimal digits 0-9. The BCD code requires 4 bits to represent the 10 decimal digits. Since 4 bits may have up to 16 different

  8. Assessment of ICARE/CATHARE V1 Severe Accident Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chatelard, Patrick; Fleurot, Joelle; Marchand, Olivier; Drai, Patrick [IRSN, 31, avenue de la Division Leclerc, BP 17 - 92262 Fontenay-aux-Roses Cedex (France)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ICARE/CATHARE code system has been developed by the French 'Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire' (IRSN) in the last decade for the detailed evaluation of Severe Accident (SA) consequences in a primary system. It is composed of the coupling of the core degradation IRSN code ICARE2 and of the thermal-hydraulics French code CATHARE2. It has been extensively used to support the level 2 Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA-2) of the 900 MWe PWR. This paper presents the synthesis of the ICARE/CATHARE V1 assessment which was conducted in the frame of the 'International ICARE/CATHARE Users' Club', under the management of IRSN. The ICARE/CATHARE V1 validation matrix is composed of more than 60 experiments, distributed in few thermal-hydraulics non-regression tests (to handle the front end phase of a severe accident), numerous Separate-Effect Tests, about 30 Integral Tests covering both the early and the late degradation phases, as well as a 'circuit' experiment including hydraulics loops. Finally, the simulation of the TMI-2 accident was also added to assess the code against real conditions. This validation task was aimed at assessing the ICARE/CATHARE V1 capabilities (including the stand-alone ICARE2 V3mod1 version) and also at proposing recommendations for an optimal use of this version ('Users' Guidelines'). Thus, with a correct account for the recommended guidelines, it appeared that the last ICARE/CATHARE V1 version could be reasonably used to perform best-estimate reactor studies up to a large corium slumping into the lower head. (authors)

  9. Wire codes, magnetic fields, and childhood cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kheifets, L.I.; Kavet, R.; Sussman, S.S. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)] [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Childhood cancer has been modestly associated with wire codes, an exposure surrogate for power frequency magnetic fields, but less consistently with measured fields. The authors analyzed data on the population distribution of wire codes and their relationship with several measured magnetic field metrics. In a given geographic area, there is a marked trend for decreased prevalence from low to high wire code categories, but there are differences between areas. For average measured fields, there is a positive relationship between the mean of the distributions and wire codes but a large overlap among the categories. Better discrimination is obtained for the extremes of the measurement values when comparing the highest and the lowest wire code categories. Instability of measurements, intermittent fields, or other exposure conditions do not appear to provide a viable explanation for the differences between wire codes and magnetic fields with respect to the strength and consistency of their respective association with childhood cancer.

  10. HERCULES: A Pattern Driven Code Transformation System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kartsaklis, Christos [ORNL; Hernandez, Oscar R [ORNL; Hsu, Chung-Hsing [ORNL; Ilsche, Thomas [Technische Universitat Dresden; Joubert, Wayne [ORNL; Graham, Richard L [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New parallel computers are emerging, but developing efficient scientific code for them remains difficult. A scientist must manage not only the science-domain complexity but also the performance-optimization complexity. HERCULES is a code transformation system designed to help the scientist to separate the two concerns, which improves code maintenance, and facilitates performance optimization. The system combines three technologies, code patterns, transformation scripts and compiler plugins, to provide the scientist with an environment to quickly implement code transformations that suit his needs. Unlike existing code optimization tools, HERCULES is unique in its focus on user-level accessibility. In this paper we discuss the design, implementation and an initial evaluation of HERCULES.

  11. Zebra: An advanced PWR lattice code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cao, L.; Wu, H.; Zheng, Y. [School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong Univ., No. 28, Xianning West Road, Xi'an, ShannXi, 710049 (China)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents an overview of an advanced PWR lattice code ZEBRA developed at NECP laboratory in Xi'an Jiaotong Univ.. The multi-group cross-section library is generated from the ENDF/B-VII library by NJOY and the 361-group SHEM structure is employed. The resonance calculation module is developed based on sub-group method. The transport solver is Auto-MOC code, which is a self-developed code based on the Method of Characteristic and the customization of AutoCAD software. The whole code is well organized in a modular software structure. Some numerical results during the validation of the code demonstrate that this code has a good precision and a high efficiency. (authors)

  12. Analysis and Design of Tuned Turbo Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koller, Christian; Kliewer, Joerg; Vatta, Francesca; Zigangirov, Kamil S; Costello, Daniel J

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been widely observed that there exists a fundamental trade-off between the minimum distance properties and the iterative decoding convergence behavior of turbo-like codes. While capacity achieving code ensembles typically are asymptotically bad in the sense that their minimum distance does not grow linearly with block length, and they therefore exhibit an error floor at moderate-to-high signal to noise ratios, asymptotically good codes usually converge further away from channel capacity. In this paper, we introduce the concept of tuned turbo codes, a family of asymptotically good hybrid concatenated code ensembles, where minimum distance growth rates, convergence thresholds, and code rates can be traded-off using two tuning parameters, {\\lambda} and {\\mu}. By decreasing {\\lambda}, the asymptotic minimum distance growth rate is reduced for the sake of improved iterative decoding convergence behavior, while increasing {\\lambda} raises the growth rate at the expense of worse convergence behavior, and thus...

  13. Coding Theorems for "Turbo-Like" Codes Dariush Divsalar, Hui Jin, and Robert J. McEliece

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abu-Mostafa, Yaser S.

    Coding Theorems for "Turbo-Like" Codes Dariush Divsalar, Hui Jin, and Robert J. McEliece Jet call these systems "turbo-like" codes and they include as special cases both the classical turbo codes for turbo-like codes. 1. Introduction. The 1993 discovery of turbo codes by Berrou, Glavieux

  14. Material model library for explicit numerical codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hofmann, R.; Dial, B.W.

    1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A material model logic structure has been developed which is useful for most explicit finite-difference and explicit finite-element Lagrange computer codes. This structure has been implemented and tested in the STEALTH codes to provide an example for researchers who wish to implement it in generically similar codes. In parallel with these models, material parameter libraries have been created for the implemented models for materials which are often needed in DoD applications.

  15. 2-D color code quantum computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austin G. Fowler

    2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe in detail how to perform universal fault-tolerant quantum computation on a 2-D color code, making use of only nearest neighbor interactions. Three defects (holes) in the code are used to represent logical qubits. Triple defect logical qubits are deformed into isolated triangular sections of color code to enable transversal implementation of all single logical qubit Clifford group gates. CNOT is implemented between pairs of triple defect logical qubits via braiding.

  16. Codes and Supersymmetry in One Dimension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. F. Doran; M. G. Faux; S. J. Gates Jr.; T. Hübsch; K. M. Iga; G. D. Landweber; R. L. Miller

    2011-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Adinkras are diagrams that describe many useful supermultiplets in D=1 dimensions. We show that the topology of the Adinkra is uniquely determined by a doubly even code. Conversely, every doubly even code produces a possible topology of an Adinkra. A computation of doubly even codes results in an enumeration of these Adinkra topologies up to N=28, and for minimal supermultiplets, up to N=32.

  17. Alarm Code Request Office of Physical Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Paul A.

    Alarm Code Request Office of Physical Security 101 Campus Operations Bowling Green State University Bowling Green, Ohio 43403 (419) 3727661 lockalarm@bgsu.edu By signing this authorization

  18. Energy Citations Database (ECD) - Widget Code

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Widget Inclusion Code