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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Piston ring design for reduced friction in modern internal combustion engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Piston ring friction losses account for approximately 20% of the total mechanical losses in modern internal combustion engines. A reduction in piston ring friction would therefore result in higher efficiency, lower fuel ...

Smedley, Grant, 1978-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Developing an approach utilizing local deterministic analysis to predict the cycle friction of the piston ring-pack in internal combustion engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nowadays, a rapid growth of internal combustion (IC) engines is considered to be a major contributor to energy crisis. About 20% of the mechanical loss in internal combustion engines directly goes to the friction loss ...

Liu, Yang, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

REDUCED ENGINE FRICTION AND WEAR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Final Technical Report discusses the progress was made on the experimental and numerical tasks over the duration of this project regarding a new technique for decreasing engine friction and wear via liner rotation. The experimental subtasks involved quantifying the reduction in engine friction for a prototype rotating liner engine relative to a comparable baseline engine. Both engine were single cylinder conversions of nominally identical production four-cylinder engines. Hot motoring tests were conducted initially and revealed that liner rotation decreased engine friction by 20% under motoring conditions. A well-established model was used to estimate that liner rotation should decrease the friction of a four-cylinder engine by 40% under hot motoring conditions. Hot motoring tear-down tests revealed that the crankshaft and valve train frictional losses were essentially the same for the two engines, as expected. However, the rotating liner engine had much lower (>70%) piston assembly friction compared to the conventional engine. Finally, we used the Instantaneous IMEP method to compare the crank-angle resolved piston assembly friction for the two engines. Under hot motoring conditions, these measurements revealed a significant reduction in piston assembly friction, especially in the vicinity of compression TDC when the lubrication regime transitions from hydrodynamic through mixed and into boundary friction. We have some remaining problems with these measurements that we expect to solve during the next few weeks. We will then perform these measurements under firing conditions. We also proposed to improve the state-of-the-art of numerical modeling of piston assembly friction for conventional engines and then to extend this model to rotating liner engines. Our research team first modeled a single ring in the Purdue ring-liner test rig. Our model showed good agreement with the test rig data for a range of speeds and loads. We then modeled a complete piston assembly in an engine. The model appears to produce the correct behavior, but we cannot quantify its strengths or weaknesses until our crank-angle-resolved measurements have been completed. Finally, we proposed and implemented a model for the effects of liner rotation on piston assembly friction. Here, we propose that the rotating liner design is analogous to the shaft-bushing mechanism. Therefore, we used the side-slip rolling friction model to simulate the effects of liner rotation. This model appears to be promising, but final analysis of its strengths and/or weaknesses must await our crank-angle-resolved measurements.

Ron Matthews

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

ENGINEERING INTERNATIONAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COURSE GUIDE 2013 UTS: ENGINEERING INTERNATIONAL UNDERGRADUATE w w w.eng.uts.edu.au #12;2 / ENGINEERING IN AUSTRALIA Internationally, Australian universities have a reputation for high quality research developed close links with many international institutions, particularly in Asia. ENGINEERING IN SYDNEY

University of Technology, Sydney

5

Postulated Mesoscale Quantum of Internal Friction Hysteresis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evidence is provided, from yet another experiment, for the existence of a mesoscale quantum of internal friction hysteresis, having the value of the electron rest energy divided by the fine structure constant.

Randall D. Peters

2004-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

6

EVALUATION OF A LOW FRICTION - HIGH EFFICIENCY ROLLER BEARING ENGINE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Low Friction (High Efficiency Roller Bearing) Engine (LFE) report presents the work done by The Timken Company to conduct a technology demonstration of the benefits of replacing hydrodynamic bearings with roller bearings in the crankshaft and camshaft assemblies of an internal combustion engine for the purpose of collecting data sufficient to prove merit. The engines in the present study have been more extensively converted to roller bearings than any previous studies (40 needle roller bearings per engine) to gain understanding of the full potential of application of bearing technology. The project plan called for comparative testing of a production vehicle which was already respected for having demonstrated low engine friction levels with a rollerized version of that engine. Testing was to include industry standard tests for friction, emissions and fuel efficiency conducted on instrumented dynamometers. Additional tests for fuel efficiency, cold start resistance and other measures of performance were to be made in the actual vehicle. Comparative measurements of noise, vibration and harshness (NVH), were planned, although any work to mitigate the suspected higher NVH level in the rollerized engine was beyond the scope of this project. Timken selected the Toyota Avalon with a 3.5L V-6 engine as the test vehicle. In an attempt to minimize cost and fabrication time, a ‘made-from’ approach was proposed in which as many parts as possible would be used or modified from production parts to create the rollerized engine. Timken commissioned its test partner, FEV Engine Technology, to do a feasibility study in which they confirmed that using such an approach was possible to meet the required dimensional restrictions and tolerances. In designing the roller bearing systems for the crank and cam trains, Timken utilized as many production engine parts as possible. The crankshafts were produced from production line forgings, which use Timken steel, modified with special machining and heat treatment. Timken designed and manufactured all of the roller bearing related components such as the thrust bearing package. The production connecting rods and camshafts could not be used for the roller bearing engine, so new ones were produced according to the team’s designs using Timken steel. The remaining miscellaneous components were designed and procured by FEV. Timken prepared a display version of the crankshaft portion of the production engine without connecting rods which could be driven by a motor through a cogged-belt and electrically actuated clutch arrangement. A modified version was also made in which the engine was outfitted with roller bearings on the main bearing positions. Preliminary tests showed that the rollerized engine was running with 1/3 less friction than the standard display engine. Additional friction testing and noise characterization was cut short because of shipping damage to the rollerized engine display and because of other project priorities. The team did successfully demonstrate the ability to package roller bearings satisfactorily in numerous locations in a typical automotive engine. The scope of this project did not include durability demonstration and that subject would have to be addressed in any follow-on work. In the actual test phase, the rollerized engine did show significantly less friction in motored dynamometer tests compared to its production equivalent. The 5-10% improvement measured in this study was about half that seen in other studies. However, the fired test results did not show a reduction in friction which did not match prior experience or expectations. Subsequent teardown and inspection of the rollerized engine revealed potential sources of excessive friction in the experimental application. These features would be eliminated in a design not based on modification of production parts. The team is confident (based on experience) that friction reduction would be realized with proper modifications.

Kolarik, Robert V. II; Shattuck, Charles W.; Copper, Anthony P.

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

7

Friction Modeling for Lubricated Engine and Drivetrain Components...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Modeling for Lubricated Engine and Drivetrain Components Friction Modeling for Lubricated Engine and Drivetrain Components 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs...

8

The influence of internal friction on rotordynamic instability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and suggest that subsynchronous vibration in rotating machinery can have numerous sources or causes. Also, subsynchronous whirl due to internal friction is not a highly repeatable phenomenon....

Srinivasan, Anand

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

9

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Engine Friction Reduction Technologies  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by Argonne National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about engine friction...

10

Factors affecting piston ring friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The piston ring pack friction is a major contributor to the internal combustion engine mechanical friction loss. The oil control ring decides the oil supply to the top two rings in addition to being the major friction ...

Liao, Kai, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Department of Mechanical Engineering Fall 2011 Heavy Duty Diesel Engine Friction Reduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PENNSTATE Department of Mechanical Engineering Fall 2011 Heavy Duty Diesel Engine Friction the friction losses of a heavy duty diesel engine. In addition, a tear down procedure needed to be created needs Discussed test cell configuration with Diesel Combustion & Emissions Laboratory Performed

Demirel, Melik C.

12

Development and application of a lubricant composition model to study effects of oil transport, vaporization, fuel dilution, and soot contamination on lubricant rheology and engine friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engine oil lubricants play a critical role in controlling mechanical friction in internal combustion engines by reducing metal-on-metal contact. This implies the importance of understanding lubricant optimization at the ...

Gu, Grace Xiang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

LOW-ENGINE-FRICTION TECHNOLOGY FOR ADVANCED NATURAL-GAS RECIPROCATING ENGINES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This program aims at improving the efficiency of advanced natural-gas reciprocating engines (ANGRE) by reducing piston/ring assembly friction without major adverse effects on engine performance, such as increased oil consumption and emissions. A detailed set of piston/ring dynamic and friction models have been developed and applied that illustrated the fundamental relationships between design parameters and friction losses. Various low-friction strategies and concepts have been explored, and engine experiments will validate these concepts. An iterative process of experimentation, simulation and analysis, will be followed with the goal of demonstrating a complete optimized low-friction engine system. As planned, MIT has developed guidelines for an initial set of low-friction piston-ring-pack designs. Current recommendations focus on subtle top-piston-ring and oil-control-ring characteristics. A full-scale Waukesha F18 engine has been installed at Colorado State University and testing of the baseline configuration is in progress. Components for the first design iteration are being procured. Subsequent work includes examining the friction and engine performance data and extending the analyses to other areas to evaluate opportunities for further friction improvement and the impact on oil consumption/emission and wear, towards demonstrating an optimized reduced-friction engine system.

Victor W. Wong; Tian Tian; Grant Smedley

2003-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

14

LOW-ENGINE-FRICTION TECHNOLOGY FOR ADVANCED NATURAL-GAS RECIPROCATING ENGINES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This program aims at improving the efficiency of advanced natural-gas reciprocating engines (ANGRE) by reducing piston and piston ring assembly friction without major adverse effects on engine performance, such as increased oil consumption and wear. An iterative process of simulation, experimentation and analysis is being followed towards achieving the goal of demonstrating a complete optimized low-friction engine system. To date, a detailed set of piston and piston-ring dynamic and friction models have been developed and applied that illustrate the fundamental relationships among mechanical, surface/material and lubricant design parameters and friction losses. Demonstration of low-friction ring-pack designs in the Waukesha VGF 18GL engine confirmed total engine FEMP (friction mean effective pressure) reduction of 7-10% from the baseline configuration without significantly increasing oil consumption or blow-by flow. This represents a substantial (30-40%) reduction of the ringpack friction alone. The measured FMEP reductions were in good agreement with the model predictions. Further improvements via piston, lubricant, and surface designs offer additional opportunities. Tests of low-friction lubricants are in progress and preliminary results are very promising. The combined analysis of lubricant and surface design indicates that low-viscosity lubricants can be very effective in reducing friction, subject to component wear for extremely thin oils, which can be mitigated with further lubricant formulation and/or engineered surfaces. Hence a combined approach of lubricant design and appropriate wear reduction offers improved potential for minimum engine friction loss. Piston friction studies indicate that a flatter piston with a more flexible skirt, together with optimizing the waviness and film thickness on the piston skirt offer significant friction reduction. Combined with low-friction ring-pack, material and lubricant parameters, a total power cylinder friction reduction of 30-50% is expected, translating to an engine efficiency increase of two percentage points from its current baseline towards the goal of 50% ARES engine efficiency. The design strategies developed in this study have promising potential for application in all modern reciprocating engines as they represent simple, low-cost methods to extract significant fuel savings. The current program has possible spinoffs and applications in other industries as well, including transportation, CHP, and diesel power generation. The progress made in this program has wide engine efficiency implications, and potential deployment of low-friction engine components or lubricants in the near term is possible as current investigations continue.

Victor Wong; Tian Tian; Luke Moughon; Rosalind Takata; Jeffrey Jocsak

2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

15

LOW-ENGINE-FRICTION TECHNOLOGY FOR ADVANCED NATURAL-GAS RECIPROCATING ENGINES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This program aims at improving the efficiency of advanced natural-gas reciprocating engines (ANGRE) by reducing piston and piston ring assembly friction without major adverse effects on engine performance, such as increased oil consumption and wear. An iterative process of simulation, experimentation and analysis is being followed towards achieving the goal of demonstrating a complete optimized low-friction engine system. To date, a detailed set of piston and piston-ring dynamic and friction models have been developed and applied that illustrate the fundamental relationships between design parameters and friction losses. Low friction ring designs have already been recommended in a previous phase, with full-scale engine validation partially completed. Current accomplishments include the addition of several additional power cylinder design areas to the overall system analysis. These include analyses of lubricant and cylinder surface finish and a parametric study of piston design. The Waukesha engine was found to be already well optimized in the areas of lubricant, surface skewness and honing cross-hatch angle, where friction reductions of 12% for lubricant, and 5% for surface characteristics, are projected. For the piston, a friction reduction of up to 50% may be possible by controlling waviness alone, while additional friction reductions are expected when other parameters are optimized. A total power cylinder friction reduction of 30-50% is expected, translating to an engine efficiency increase of two percentage points from its current baseline towards the goal of 50% efficiency. Key elements of the continuing work include further analysis and optimization of the engine piston design, in-engine testing of recommended lubricant and surface designs, design iteration and optimization of previously recommended technologies, and full-engine testing of a complete, optimized, low-friction power cylinder system.

Victor Wong; Tian Tian; Luke Moughon; Rosalind Takata; Jeffrey Jocsak

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

16

Internal Friction Controls the Speed of Protein Folding from a Compact Configuration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Internal Friction Controls the Speed of Protein Folding from a Compact Configuration Suzette A is independent of the cosolutes used to adjust solvent friction. Therefore, interactions within the interior. Interestingly, we find a very strong temperature dependence in these "internal friction"-controlled dynamics

Roder, Heinrich

17

Low-Engine-Friction Technology for Advanced Natural-Gas Reciprocating Engines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This program aims at improving the efficiency of advanced natural-gas reciprocating engines (ANGRE) by reducing piston and piston ring assembly friction without major adverse effects on engine performance, such as increased oil consumption and wear. An iterative process of simulation, experimentation and analysis has been followed towards achieving the goal of demonstrating a complete optimized low-friction engine system. In this program, a detailed set of piston and piston-ring dynamic and friction models have been adapted and applied that illustrate the fundamental relationships among mechanical, surface/material and lubricant design parameters and friction losses. Demonstration of low-friction ring-pack designs in the Waukesha VGF 18GL engine confirmed ring-pack friction reduction of 30-40%, which translates to total engine FEMP (friction mean effective pressure) reduction of 7-10% from the baseline configuration without significantly increasing oil consumption or blow-by flow. The study on surface textures, including roughness characteristics, cross hatch patterns, dimples and grooves have shown that even relatively small-scale changes can have a large effect on ring/liner friction, in some cases reducing FMEP by as much as 30% from a smooth surface case. The measured FMEP reductions were in good agreement with the model predictions. The combined analysis of lubricant and surface design indicates that low-viscosity lubricants can be very effective in reducing friction, subject to component wear for extremely thin oils, which can be mitigated with further lubricant formulation and/or engineered surfaces. Hence a combined approach of lubricant design and appropriate wear reduction offers improved potential for minimum engine friction loss. Testing of low-friction lubricants showed that total engine FMEP reduced by up to {approx}16.5% from the commercial reference oil without significantly increasing oil consumption or blow-by flow. Piston friction studies indicate that a flatter piston with a more flexible skirt, together with optimizing the waviness and film thickness on the piston skirt offer significant friction reduction. Combined with low-friction ring-pack, material and lubricant parameters, a total power cylinder friction reduction of 30-50% is expected, translating to an engine efficiency increase of two percentage points from its current baseline towards the goal of 50% ARES engine efficiency. The design strategies developed in this study have promising potential for application in all modern reciprocating engines as they represent simple, low-cost methods to extract significant fuel savings. The current program has possible spinoffs and applications in other industries as well, including transportation, CHP, and diesel power generation. The progress made in this program has wide engine efficiency implications, and potential deployment of low-friction engine components or lubricants in the near term is quite possible.

Victor Wong; Tian Tian; G. Smedley; L. Moughon; Rosalind Takata; J. Jocsak

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

18

LOW-ENGINE-FRICTION TECHNOLOGY FOR ADVANCED NATURAL-GAS RECIPROCATING ENGINES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This program aims at improving the efficiency of advanced natural-gas reciprocating engines (ANGRE) by reducing piston/ring assembly friction without major adverse effects on engine performance, such as increased oil consumption and emissions. An iterative process of simulation, experimentation and analysis, are being followed towards achieving the goal of demonstrating a complete optimized low-friction engine system. To date, a detailed set of piston/ring dynamic and friction models have been developed and applied that illustrated the fundamental relationships between design parameters and friction losses. Various low-friction strategies and ring-design concepts have been explored, and engine experiments have been done on a full-scale Waukesha VGF F18 in-line 6 cylinder power generation engine rated at 370 kW at 1800 rpm. Current accomplishments include designing and testing ring-packs using a subtle top-compression-ring profile (skewed barrel design), lowering the tension of the oil-control ring, employing a negative twist to the scraper ring to control oil consumption. Initial test data indicate that piston ring-pack friction was reduced by 35% by lowering the oil-control ring tension alone, which corresponds to a 1.5% improvement in fuel efficiency. Although small in magnitude, this improvement represents a first step towards anticipated aggregate improvements from other strategies. Other ring-pack design strategies to lower friction have been identified, including reduced axial distance between the top two rings, tilted top-ring groove. Some of these configurations have been tested and some await further evaluation. Colorado State University performed the tests and Waukesha Engine Dresser, Inc. provided technical support. Key elements of the continuing work include optimizing the engine piston design, application of surface and material developments in conjunction with improved lubricant properties, system modeling and analysis, and continued technology demonstration in an actual full-sized reciprocating natural-gas engine.

Victor W. Wong; Tian Tian; Grant Smedley; Jeffrey Jocsak

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

19

Department of Energy and Electrical Engineering Spring 2012 Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine Friction Reduction Testing and Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PENNSTATE Department of Energy and Electrical Engineering Spring 2012 Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine and pumping frictional losses on Volvo-Mack's 11 liter Diesel Engine. Thermocouples and pressure transducers is to quantify friction losses on Volvo's current 11-liter engine model. Team members will remove hardware

Demirel, Melik C.

20

Temperature dependence of dynamic Young's modulus and internal friction in three plasma sprayed NiCrAlY coating alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE OF DYNAM'IIC YOUNG'S MODULUS AND INTERNAL FRICTION IN THREE PLASMA SPRAYED NiCrAlY COATING -ALLOYS A Thesis LLOYD STEVEN COOK Submitted to the 08ice of Graduate Studies of Texas AE M University in part. al full...'illment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1989 Itiajor Subject: l'dechanical Engineering TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE OF DYNAMIC YOUNG'S MODULUS AND INTERNAL FRICTION IN THREE PLASMA SPRAYED NiCrAIY COATING ALLOYS A Thesis by LLOYD STEVEN COOK...

Cook, Lloyd Steven

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Internal friction in the ultrafast folding of the tryptophan cage q Linlin Qiu 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Internal friction in the ultrafast folding of the tryptophan cage q Linlin Qiu 1 , Stephen J. Hagen is a diffusional process, and the speed of folding is controlled by the frictional forces that act important source of friction in folding reactions. By contrast, our studies of the folding dynamics

Hagen, Stephen J.

22

Quantum Lubrication: Suppression of Friction in a First Principle Four Stroke Heat Engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A quantum model of a heat engine resembling the Otto cycle is employed to explore strategies to suppress frictional losses. These losses are caused by the inability of the engine's working medium to follow adiabatically the change in the Hamiltonian during the expansion and compression stages. By adding external noise to the engine, frictional losses can be suppressed.

Tova Feldmann; Ronnie Kosloff

2005-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

23

Internal combustion engine system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes an internal combustion engine system comprising: an engine body including a main combustion engine for transmitting the power generated by explosion pressure to a pumping piston and a power transmission apparatus for transmitting to a power crank shaft power that is increased by the ratio of the cross-sectional area of a combustion chamber piston to a power piston. The stroke distance of the combustion chamber piston is equal to that of the power piston; a swash plate-type stirling engine coupled to an exhaust gas outlet of the main combustion engine to be driven by exhaust heat therefrom; a one-stage screw-type compressor coupled by a driving shaft to the swash plate-type stirling engine, thereby generating a great amount of compressed air; a turbo-charger mounted adjacent to a gas outlet of the stirling engine to force a supply of fresh air into the combustion chamber of the main combustion engine; a booster being mounted between a compressed air source and the power transmission apparatus to amplify the air pressure derived from the compressed air source and then provide the amplified air pressure to the power transmission apparatus by operation of a cam in accordance with the rotation of the first crankshaft; compressed air sources being mounted between the compressor and the booster for storing a great amount of compressed air from the compressor; and an accumulator in communication with the power transmission apparatus through a fluid oil pipe, thereby maintaining constant control of the oil pressure in the power transmission apparatus.

Nam, C.W.

1987-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

24

Elastic Properties and Internal Friction of Two Magnesium Alloys at Elevated Temperatures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The elastic properties and internal friction of two magnesium alloys were studied from 25 C to 450 C using Resonant Ultrasound Spectroscopy (RUS). The Young's moduli decrease with increasing temperature. At 200 C, a change in the temperature dependence of the elastic constants is observed. The internal friction increases significantly with increasing temperature above 200 C. The observed changes in the temperature dependence of the elastic constants and the internal friction are the result of anelastic relaxation by grain boundary sliding at elevated temperatures. Elastic properties govern the behavior of a materials subjected to stress over a region of strain where the material behaves elastically. The elastic properties, including the Young's modulus (E), shear modulus (G), bulk modulus (B), and Poisson's ratio (?), are of significant interest to many design and engineering applications. The choice of the most appropriate material for a particular application at elevated temperatures therefore requires knowledge of its elastic properties as a function of temperature. In addition, mechanical vibration can cause significant damage in the automotive, aerospace, and architectural industries and thus, the ability of a material to dissipate elastic strain energy in materials, known as damping or internal friction, is also important property. Internal friction can be the result of a wide range of physical mechanisms, and depends on the material, temperature, and frequency of the loading. When utilized effectively in engineering applications, the damping capacity of a material can remove undesirable noise and vibration as heat to the surroundings. The elastic properties of materials can be determined by static or dynamic methods. Resonant Ultrasound Spectroscopy (RUS), used in this study, is a unique and sophisticated non-destructive dynamic technique for determining the complete elastic tensor of a solid by measuring the resonant spectrum of mechanical resonance for a sample of known geometry, dimensions, and mass. In addition, RUS allows determination of internal friction, or damping, at different frequencies and temperatures. Polycrystalline pure magnesium (Mg) exhibits excellent high damping properties. However, the poor mechanical properties limit the applications of pure Mg. Although alloying can improve the mechanical properties of Mg, the damping properties are reduced with additions of alloying elements. Therefore, it becomes necessary to study and develop Mg-alloys with simultaneous high damping capacity and improved mechanical properties. Moreover, studies involving the high temperature dynamic elastic properties of Mg alloys are limited. In this study, the elastic properties and internal friction of two magnesium alloys were studied at elevated temperatures using RUS. The effect of alloy composition and grain size was investigated. The wrought magnesium alloys AZ31 and ZK60 were employed. Table 1 gives the nominal chemical compositions of these two alloys. The ZK60 alloy is a commercial extruded plate with a T5 temper, i.e. solution-treated at 535 C for two hours, quenched in hot water, and aged at 185 C for 24 hours. The AZ31 alloy is a commercial rolled plate with a H24 temper, i.e. strain hardened and partially annealed.

Freels, M.; Liaw, P. K.; Garlea, E.; Morrell, J. S.; Radiovic, M.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Effects of lubricant viscosity and surface texturing on ring-pack performance in internal combustion engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The piston ring-pack contributes approximately 25% of the mechanical losses in an internal combustion engine. Both lubricant viscosity and surface texturing were investigated in an effort to reduce this ring-pack friction ...

Takata, Rosalind (Rosalind Kazuko), 1978-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Modeling the structural behavior of the piston rings under different boundary conditions in internal combustion engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the process of designing internal combustion engine, piston ring plays an important role in fulfilling the requirements of camber gas sealing, friction reduction and lubrication oil consumption. The goal of this thesis ...

Xu, Dian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of Lube Oil Performance and Engine Friction.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The feasibility of using a motored small, single-cylinder 517 cc Hatz 1D50 diesel engine to evaluate lube oil performance and engine friction at conditions typical… (more)

Rohr, William Fredrick

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Rotary internal combustion engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes an improved rotary internal combustion engine comprising: (a) a combustion chamber which is generally circular in cross-section and which has a ring-like peripheral wall; (b) a driven shaft member journaled for rotation and disposed to pass eccentrically through the combustion chamber; (c) a compression chamber which is generally circular in cross-section positioned with a ring-like wall is adjacent to and spatially offset with the combustion chamber such that the driven shaft passes centrally therethrough; and (d) a circular combustion rotor fixed concentrically to the shaft member for rotation eccentrically within the combustion chamber. The combustion rotor is positioned such that the space between the periphery of the rotor and the periphery of the combustion chamber results in a crescent shape.

Crittenden, W.

1987-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

29

Internal friction study of decomposition kinetics of SAF 2507 type duplex stainless steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the last decade, super duplex stainless steels (DSSs) with increased nitrogen content have been an object of intensive studies. Present work is devoted to the study of the peculiarities of {delta}-ferrite decomposition in SAF 2507 type duplex steel, and redistribution of nitrogen between ferrite and austenite phases in a wide temperature range by means of internal fraction (IF). Unlike local methods of electron microscopy or engineering methods of hardness or impact toughness testing, which give basically information on the formation of brittle intermetallic phases, the internal friction technique allows to study the state of solid solution and kinetics of changes in the relative amounts of ferrite and austenite phases during thermal treatment.

Smuk, O.; Smuk, S.; Hanninen, H. [Helsinki Univ. of Technology (Finland). Lab. of Engineering Materials] [Helsinki Univ. of Technology (Finland). Lab. of Engineering Materials; Jagodzinski, Yu.; Tarasenko, O. [National Academy of Sciences, Kiev (Ukraine). Inst. for Metal Physics] [National Academy of Sciences, Kiev (Ukraine). Inst. for Metal Physics

1999-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

30

Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering Spring 2012 Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine Friction Reduction Testing and Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PENNSTATE Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering Spring 2012 Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine Friction Reduction Testing and Analysis Overview Volvo Group Powertrain Engineering is interested will need to be constructed that can motor the engine and measure power losses using a torque sensor built

Demirel, Melik C.

31

Student Trainee (Engineering)- Intern  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The purpose of the Pathways Intern Employment Program is to provide the intern with exposure to public service, enhance educational experience, and support educational goals. The program is...

32

Engine Friction Reduction Through Surface Finish and Coatings...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Coatings Opportunities exist for friction reduction in piston rings and valve trains using durable, advanced material technologies, such as diamond-like carbon (DLC)...

33

Looping and reconfiguration dynamics of a flexible chain with internal friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent past, experiments and simulations have suggested that apart from the solvent friction, friction arising from the protein itself plays an important role in protein folding by affecting the intra-chain loop formation dynamics. This friction is termed as internal friction in the literature. Using a flexible Gaussian chain with internal friction we analyze the intra- chain reconfiguration and loop formation times for all three topology classes namely end-to- end, end-to-interior and interior-to-interior. In a nutshell, bypassing expensive simulations we show how simple models like that of Rouse and Zimm can support the single molecule experiment and computer simulation results on intra-chain diffusion coefficients, looping time and even can predict the effects of tail length on the looping time.

Nairhita Samanta; Jayanta Ghosh; Rajarshi Chakrabarti

2014-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

34

Measurement of local internal friction in metallic glasses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atomic force acoustic microscopy (AFAM), an advanced scanning probe microscopy technique, has been used to measure local elastic properties with a spatial resolution given by the tip-sample contact radius. AFAM is based on inducing out-of-plane vibrations in the specimen. The vibrations are sensed by the AFM cantilever from by the photodiode signal when its tip is in contact with the material under test. To measure local damping, the inverse quality factor Q{sup ?1} of the resonance curve is usually evaluated. Here, from the contact-resonance spectra obtained, we determine the real and imaginary part of the contact stiffness k* and from these two quantities the local damping factor Q{sub loc}{sup ?1} is obtained which is proportional to the imaginary part ? of the contact stiffness. The evaluation of the data is based on the cantilever's mass distribution with damped flexural modes and not on an effective point-mass approximation for the cantilever’s motion. The given equation is simple to use and has been employed to study the local Q{sub loc}{sup ?1} of amorphous PdCuSi metallic glass and its crystalline counterpart as a function of position of the AFM tip on the surface. The width of the distribution changes dramatically from the amorphous to the crystalline state as expected from the consequences of the potential-energy landscape picture. The center value of the distribution curve for Q{sub loc}{sup ?1} coincides very well with published data, based on global ultrasonic or internal friction measurements. This is compared to Q{sub loc}{sup ?1} measured in crystalline SrTiO{sub 3}, which exhibits a narrow distribution, as expected.

Wagner, H.; Büchsenschütz-Göbeler, M.; Luo, Y.; Samwer, K. [I. Physikalisches Institut, Georg-August Universität, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, D-37077 Göttingen (Germany); Kumar, A. [Metallurgy and Materials Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102, Tamil Nadu (India); Arnold, W., E-mail: w.arnold@mx.uni-saarland.de [I. Physikalisches Institut, Georg-August Universität, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, D-37077 Göttingen (Germany); Department of Materials and Materials Technology, Saarland University, Campus D 2.2, D-66123 Saarbrücken (Germany)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

35

Friction and Wear Enhancement of Titanium Alloy Engine Components...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

1 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation pm007blau2011o.pdf More Documents & Publications Friction and...

36

Nanoparticle Emissions from Internal Combustion Engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanoparticle Emissions from Internal Combustion Engines Professor David B. Kittelson Department Meeting Ultra Fine Particles in the Atmosphere 15 March 2000 Engine Exhaust Particle Emissions: Some Perkins Engine Company #12;Emissions of Ultrafine and Nanoparticles from Engines · Current emission

Minnesota, University of

37

Internal combustion engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved engine is provided that more efficiently consumes difficult fuels such as coal slurries or powdered coal. The engine includes a precombustion chamber having a portion thereof formed by an ignition plug. The precombustion chamber is arranged so that when the piston is proximate the head, the precombustion chamber is sealed from the main cylinder or the main combustion chamber and when the piston is remote from the head, the precombustion chamber and main combustion chamber are in communication. The time for burning of fuel in the precombustion chamber can be regulated by the distance required to move the piston from the top dead center position to the position wherein the precombustion chamber and main combustion chamber are in communication.

Baker, Quentin A. (P.O. Box 6477, San Antonio, TX 78209); Mecredy, Henry E. (1630-C W. 6th, Austin, TX 78703); O'Neal, Glenn B. (6503 Wagner Way, San Antonio, TX 78256)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

International Power Engineering Research Collaborations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Power Systems, International Cooperation, Power Engineering Education, Industry and Government Support of electricity is on the rise as efficient and environmentally sensitive electricity services are key have major impacts on the topics of research projects and the education of the new generation of power

Gross, George

39

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL & INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING OF NORTHEASTERN UNIVERSITY Final Reports of Engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Our group is studying on internal combustion engine tribology, and through reading, we found, it is one of the most important friction pair of internal combustion engine. Researches show that, the 25% ~ 50%friction work of internal combustion engines consumed by the cylinder-piston ring friction pair

Müftü, Sinan

40

Axial cylinder internal combustion engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes improvement in a barrel type internal combustion engine including an engine block having axial-positioned cylinders with reciprocating pistons arranged in a circular pattern: a drive shaft concentrically positioned within the cylinder block having an offset portion extending outside the cylinder block; a wobble spider rotatably journaled to the offset portion; connecting rods for each cylinder connecting each piston to the wobble spider. The improvement comprising: a first sleeve bearing means supporting the drive shaft in the engine block in a cantilevered manner for radial loads; a second sleeve bearing means rotatably supporting the wobble spider on the offset portion of the drive shaft for radial loads; a first roller bearing means positioned between the offset portion of the drive shaft and the wobble spider carrying thrust loadings only; a second roller bearing means carrying thrust loads only reacting to the first roller bearing located on the opposite end of the driveshaft between the shaft and the engine block.

Gonzalez, C.

1992-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Microwave-Assisted Ignition for Improved Internal Combustion Engine Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J. B. (1988) Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals.novel microwave internal combustion engine ignition source,in the Internal Combustion Engine." SAE Technical Paper

DeFilippo, Anthony Cesar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Microwave-Assisted Ignition for Improved Internal Combustion Engine Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

internal combustion engine applications. Advanced engines can achieve higher efficiencies and reduced emissions

DeFilippo, Anthony Cesar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Internal combustion engine intake valve  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a inlet valve for use in an internal combustion engine in which the valve has a stem and a head, the head having, when seated, a first side positioned within a combustion chamber of an engine block and a second, opposite, side attached to the stem, the second side including that piston of the head forming the seat with the engine block when the valve is in a seated position, and first side including that portion of the head from the seat toward the chamber when the valve is in the seated position, and the engine including means for moving the valve from the closed position to an open position to allow a fuel mixture to enter the chamber, the improvement in the valve comprising: an extension ridge from the first side, positioned in alignment with the periphery of the valve head, the ridge forming with the seat a single, continuous, smooth outer surface along the periphery thereof for reducing the coefficient of drag of the fuel entering the chamber around the valve head when the valve is in the open position.

Mosler, W.B.

1988-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

44

Friction Characteristics of Steel Pistons for Diesel Engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The use of iron pistons is increasing due to the higher power requirements of diesel truck engines. Expansion of the iron piston is a common concern. The purpose of this study is to clarify the lubrication conditions of ...

Kim, Dallwoo

45

Modeling the performance of the piston ring-pack with consideration of non-axisymmetric characteristics of the power cylinder system in internal combustion engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The performance of the piston ring-pack is directly associated with the friction, oil consumption, wear, and blow-by in internal combustion engines. Because of non-axisymmetric characteristics of the power cylinder system, ...

Liu, Liang, 1971-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Free Energy and Internal Combustion Engine Cycles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The performance of one type (Carnot) of Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) cycle is analyzed within the framework of thermodynamic free energies. ICE performance is different from that of an External Combustion Engine (ECE) which is dictated by Carnot's rule.

Harris, William D

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Free Energy and Internal Combustion Engine Cycles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The performance of one type (Carnot) of Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) cycle is analyzed within the framework of thermodynamic free energies. ICE performance is different from that of an External Combustion Engine (ECE) which is dictated by Carnot's rule.

William D. Harris

2012-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

48

Geotechnical/Environmental Engineering Intern Manchester, NH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geotechnical/Environmental Engineering Intern Manchester, NH POSITION DESCRIPTION The candidate will provide support for site characterization geotechnical investigations, site development, remediation include, but are not limited to: Interpreting, and presenting, environmental data; performing engineering

Pohl, Karsten

49

Internal combustion engine and method for control  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In one exemplary embodiment of the invention an internal combustion engine includes a piston disposed in a cylinder, a valve configured to control flow of air into the cylinder and an actuator coupled to the valve to control a position of the valve. The internal combustion engine also includes a controller coupled to the actuator, wherein the controller is configured to close the valve when an uncontrolled condition for the internal engine is determined.

Brennan, Daniel G

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

50

Initial increase, ''peaking effect'', in the internal friction of copper following pulsed neutron and electron irradiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under certain experimental conditions the internal friction in metals can first increase and following prolonged irradiation decrease. Many models have been proposed to account for this ''peaking effect''; however, in many of the cases, no effort is made to distinguish between the influence of interstitials and/or vacancies. To determine the nature of the point defect responsible for the peaking effect in high purity copper, we have performed a series of pulsed irradiations using neutrons and electrons. In all of the experiments an initial very rapid rise in the internal friction and Young's modulus was observed. These data show that a fast diffusing defect is responsible for the peaking effect: i.e. the interstitial.

Simpson, H.M.; Parkin, D.M.; Goldstone, J.A.; Hemsky, J.W.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Low-Friction Engineered Surfaces | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensionalthe10IO1OP001Long-Termpaul_fini@cree.comVehicles6, 2015Engineered

52

Injector tip for an internal combustion engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates to a the tip structure of a fuel injector as used in a internal combustion engine. Internal combustion engines using Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) technology require a tip structure that directs fuel spray in a downward direction. This requirement necessitates a tip design that is capable of withstanding mechanical stresses associated with the design.

Shyu, Tsu Pin; Ye, Wen

2003-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

53

Starting apparatus for internal combustion engines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This report is a patent description for a system to start an internal combustion engine. Remote starting and starting by hearing impaired persons are addressed. The system monitors the amount of current being drawn by the starter motor to determine when the engine is started. When the engine is started the system automatically deactivates the starter motor. Five figures are included.

Dyches, G.M.; Dudar, A.M.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

A multi-scale model for piston ring dynamics, lubrication and oil transport in internal combustion engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuel consumption reduction of more than 20% can be achieved through engine friction reduction. Piston and piston rings contribute approximately half of the total engine friction and are therefore central to friction reduction ...

Baelden, Camille

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

EDISON INTERNATIONAL DESIGN & ENGINEERING SERVICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EDISON INTERNATIONAL® SM 1 DESIGN & ENGINEERING SERVICES SCE's Emerging Technologies Program - HVAC Southern California Edison (SCE) #12;EDISON INTERNATIONAL® SM 2 DESIGN & ENGINEERING SERVICES #12;EDISON INTERNATIONAL® SM 3 DESIGN & ENGINEERING SERVICES ET 2013-2014 Program Design ­ Three-Pronged Approach

California at Davis, University of

56

BIBLIOGRAPHY ON INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES 1. F. Obert, Internal Combustion Engines and Air Pollution, Intext Educational Publishers, 1973  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIBLIOGRAPHY ON INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES 1. F. Obert, Internal Combustion Engines and Air, The Internal Combustion Engine, International Textbook Company, 1961. (A basic text now out of print and somewhat dated.) 3. C.F. Taylor, The Internal Combustion Engine in Theory and Practice. Volumes I and II, M

Goldwasser, Shafi

57

International Governance of Climate Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Change, Geoengineering, and International1992); David W. Keith, Geoengineering the Climate: HistoryStephen H. Schneider, Geoengineering: Could — Or Should — We

Parson, Edward; Ernst, Lia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Engine lubrication oil aeration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The lubrication system of an internal combustion engine serves many purposes. It lubricates moving parts, cools the engine, removes impurities, supports loads, and minimizes friction. The entrapment of air in the lubricating ...

Baran, Bridget A. (Bridget Anne)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Findings of Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine Durability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine (HICE) technology takes advantage of existing knowledge of combustion engines to provide a means to power passenger vehicle with hydrogen, perhaps as an interim measure while fuel cell technology continues to mature. This project seeks to provide data to determine the reliability of these engines. Data were collected from an engine operated on a dynamometer for 1000 hours of continuous use. Data were also collected from a fleet of eight (8) full-size pickup trucks powered with hydrogen-fueled engines. In this particular application, the data show that HICE technology provided reliable service during the operating period of the project. Analyses of engine components showed little sign of wear or stress except for cylinder head valves and seats. Material analysis showed signs of hydrogen embrittlement in intake valves.

Garrett Beauregard

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

60

Role of Friction in Materials Selection for Automotive Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is an invited article for a special issue of the ASM International monthly magazine that concerns "Automotive Materials and Applications." The article itself overviews frictional considerations in material selection for automobiles. It discusses implications for energy efficiency (engine friction) and safety (brakes) among other topics.

Blau, Peter Julian [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Starting apparatus for internal combustion engines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An internal combustion engine starting apparatus uses a signal from a curt sensor to determine when the engine is energized and the starter motor should be de-energized. One embodiment comprises a transmitter, receiver, computer processing unit, current sensor and relays to energize a starter motor and subsequently de-energize the same when the engine is running. Another embodiment comprises a switch, current transducer, low-pass filter, gain/comparator, relay and a plurality of switches to energize and de-energize a starter motor. Both embodiments contain an indicator lamp or speaker which alerts an operator as to whether a successful engine start has been achieved. Both embodiments also contain circuitry to protect the starter and to de-energize the engine.

Dyches, Gregory M. (Barnwell, SC); Dudar, Aed M. (Augusta, GA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering Volume 3 2005 Article A17 Optimal Operation, a single re- action takes place in the reactor and the operational objective is to compute the optimal feed is illustrated via simulation of two semi-batch reactor applications. KEYWORDS: Dynamic Optimization, Batch

Palanki, Srinivas

63

Two phase exhaust for internal combustion engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An internal combustion engine having a reciprocating multi cylinder internal combustion engine with multiple valves. At least a pair of exhaust valves are provided and each supply a separate power extraction device. The first exhaust valves connect to a power turbine used to provide additional power to the engine either mechanically or electrically. The flow path from these exhaust valves is smaller in area and volume than a second flow path which is used to deliver products of combustion to a turbocharger turbine. The timing of the exhaust valve events is controlled to produce a higher grade of energy to the power turbine and enhance the ability to extract power from the combustion process.

Vuk, Carl T. (Denver, IA)

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

64

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SENIOR WINS FIRST PLACE IN INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SENIOR WINS FIRST PLACE IN INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION 2009-2010 Mechanical. The competition took place at the 2010 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition measurement of curvature and mechanical properties of cellular specimens. This successful project

Holsinger, Kent

65

Rotating Liner Engine: Improving Efficiency of Heavy Duty Diesels by Significant Friction Reduction, and Extending the Life of Heavy Duty Engines.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the work on converting a 4 cylinder Cummins ISB engine into a single cylinder Rotating Liner Engine functioning prototype that can be used to measure the friction benefits of rotating the cylinder liner in a high pressure compression ignition engine. A similar baseline engine was also prepared, and preliminary testing was done. Even though the fabrication of the single cylinder prototype was behind schedule due to machine shop delays, the fundamental soundness of the design elements are proven, and the engine has successfully functioned. However, the testing approach of the two engines, as envisioned by the original proposal, proved impossible due to torsional vibration resonance caused by the single active piston. A new approach for proper testing has been proposed,

Dardalis, Dimitrios

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

66

Internal Combustion Engine Basics | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponses to Engineered Nanomaterials: The NIEHS1Internal

67

Nanotribology and Nanoscale Friction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tribology is the science and technology of contacting solid surfaces in relative motion, including the study of lubricants, lubrication, friction, wear, and bearings. It is estimated that friction and wear cost the U.S. economy 6% of the gross national product (Persson, 2000). For example, 5% of the total energy generated in an automobile engine is lost to frictional resistance. The study of nanoscale friction has a technological impact in reducing energy loss in machines, in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), and in the development of durable, low-friction surfaces and ultra-thin lubrication films.

Guo, Yi [Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, New Jersey; Qu, Zhihua [University of Central Florida, Orlando; Braiman, Yehuda [ORNL; Zhang, Zhenyu [ORNL; Barhen, Jacob [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Modeling piston skirt lubrication in internal combustion engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ever-increasing demand for reduction of the undesirable emissions from the internal combustion engines propels broader effort in auto industry to design more fuel efficient engines. One of the major focuses is the reduction ...

Bai, Dongfang, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

2.61 Internal Combustion Engines, Spring 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fundamentals of how the design and operation of internal combustion engines affect their performance, operation, fuel requirements, and environmental impact. Study of fluid flow, thermodynamics, combustion, heat transfer ...

Heywood, John B.

70

Oil transport inside the oil control ring grove and its interaction with surrounding areas in internal combustion engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In piston ring pack design, there is a tradeoff between reducing friction and increasing oil consumption. While friction reduces engine efficiency, oil consumption can poison exhaust aftertreatment systems. The primary ...

Senzer, Eric B

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Optimal internal combustion engine tuning utilizing perturbation/correlation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OPTIMAL INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE TUNING UTILIZING PERTURBATION/CORRELATION A Thesis by BRIAN DANIEL PAUTLER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2003 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering OPTIMAL INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE TUNING UTILIZING PERTURBATION/CORRELATION A Thesis by BRIAN DANIEL PAUTLER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M Umversity...

Brian Daniel Pautler

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

72

International Symposium on Innovation & Sustainability of Structures in Civil Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University, China, 2011 WEB SERVICES IN CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING SIMULATIONS Kincho H. Law DepartmentInternational Symposium on Innovation & Sustainability of Structures in Civil Engineering Xiamen of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-4020, United States

Stanford University

73

PETROLEUM ENGINEERING With an international reputation for preparing students for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PETROLEUM ENGINEERING With an international reputation for preparing students for successful entry into the petroleum industry, the graduate program in petroleum engineering at Texas Tech gives students a competitive design, and petroleum engineering software. The department is located in a geographical area

Gelfond, Michael

74

BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING YOU CAN COUNT ON OUR BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING INTERNS FOR ANY PROJECTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING YOU CAN COUNT ON OUR BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING INTERNS FOR ANY PROJECTS ·Integrationofbiomedicaltechnologiesinhospitalsettings KEY TOOLS MASTERED: > C/C++ > LabVIEW > MATLAB > AutoCAD(BiomedicalEngineeringconcentrationinMechanicalEngineering) > PSPICE(BiomedicalEngineeringconcentrationinMechanicalEngineering) #12;DO YOU REQUIRE A CANDIDATE

Skorobogatiy, Maksim

75

Proceedings of the ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

economic and environmental sense. Ideally, engineers would aim for the shared space where environmentalProceedings of the ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference IDETC/CIE 2009 August 30 ­ September 2, 2009, San Diego, California, U

Agogino, Alice M.

76

Efficiency Improvement through Reduction in Friction and Wear...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

killian.pdf More Documents & Publications Heavy Truck Friction & Wear Reduction Technologies Development of High Power Density Driveline for Vehicles Low-Friction Engineered...

77

Effects of piston design and lubricant selection on reciprocating engine friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interaction between the piston and the liner in a reciprocating engine is of much interest because it affects reliability, noise, and efficiency. This study evaluated various changes to the piston skirt with the specific ...

Moughon, Luke (Luke Frank)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

H2 Internal Combustion Engine Research  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

with eng gine-out NO x emissions x - Feed information forward to multi-cylinder hydrogen engine and vehicle level application 3 Relevant DOE goals and objectives 45%...

79

EXPERIMENTAL VERIFICATION OF INTERNAL FRICTION AT GHZ FREQUENCIES IN DOPED SINGLE-CRYSTAL SILICON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

losses into account. Recent work in MEMS resonators has started to utilize some of the electrical of the energy loss in a resonator, also has similar limits that arise from practical implementation, including Eugene Hwang and Sunil A. Bhave OxideMEMS Lab, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Cornell

Afshari, Ehsan

80

Water distillation using waste engine heat from an internal combustion engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To meet the needs of forward deployed soldiers and disaster relief personnel, a mobile water distillation system was designed and tested. This system uses waste engine heat from the exhaust flow of an internal combustion ...

Mears, Kevin S

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Engineering Computations: International Journal for Computer-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are then introduced. Third, according to the principle of minimum complementary energy, the unknown constants can, China, and College of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, China Agriculture University, Beijing element. Design/methodology/approach Ã? First, a complementary energy functional, in which the Airy stress

Martin, Ralph R.

82

The development of an experimental procedure to determine the amount of active internal friction in a rotor-bearing system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The logarithmic decrement as calculated by the time response is used to determine the active friction force. By affecting the vibrational mode shape (by the use of weights at each end), the free-free rotor can simulate the frictional characteristics of a rotor...

Parker, Jeffrey Scott

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Measurement of the Young's modulus and internal friction of single crystal and polycrystalline copper, and copper-graphite composites as a function of temperature and orientation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MEASUREMENT OF THE YOUNG'S MODULUS AND INTERNAL FRICTION OF SINGLE CRYSTAL AND POLYCRYSTALLINE COPPER, AND COPPER- GRAPHITE COMPOSITES AS A FUNCTION OF TEMPERATURE AND ORIENTATION A Thesis by S teven Norman Wicks trom Submitted... AND POLYCRYSTALLINE COPPER, AND COPPER- GRAPHITE COMPOSITES AS A FUNCTION OF TEMPERATURE AND ORIENTATION A Thesis by Steven Norman Wickstrom Approved as to style and content by: A(J ~a Alan Wolfenden (Chairman of Committee) Don E. Bray (Member) Donald G...

Wickstrom, Steven Norman

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference IDETC/CIE 2011 August 29-31, 2011, Washington, DC, USA DETC2011-48595 CREATIVITY AND LONG-TERM POTENTIATION: IMPLICATIONS FOR DESIGN Gregory M. Hallihan hallihan@mie.utoronto.ca L

Shu, Lily H.

85

A comparative study of the Stiller-Smith and slider-crank mechanisms for eight-cylinder internal combustion engine use  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that the possible alternatives to the slider-crank for internal combustion engine use, the Scotch yoke in its various forms and inversions has received considerable attention. Among these, the Stiller-Smith mechanism has shown promise as being a viable option. Kinetostatic models were formulated to determine loading within similar eight-cylinder, four-stroke, compression-ignition engines with emphasis placed on comparing the number and similarity of mechanism components, implications of component and linkage motions, the loading experienced by similar bearing surfaces, and the friction losses of specific components.

Smith, J.E.; Smith, J.C.; McKisic, A.D. (Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, West Virginia Univ., Morgantown, WV (US))

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

International Experience in Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conducting field or laboratory research, attending short courses taught by MAGEEP university faculty membersEECE 401 International Experience in Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering 2014 1-8589 Brauer 3021 TEXT: None LECTURE ROOM: TBA OFFICE HOURS: By appointment COURSE CREDITS: 3 GENERAL COURSE

Subramanian, Venkat

87

Methanol vaporization and injection system for internal combustion engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An engine equipped with an alcohol vaporization injection system operates as a four stroke cycle diesel engine that transfers the heat of exiting exhaust gases and cylinder head walls to the fuel. The engine runs on alcohol. The alcohol becomes vaporized and its pressure is high enough so that when a valve is opened between the high pressure fuel line and the combustion chamber (when it is at the peak of its compression ratio) enough alcohol will enter the combustion chamber to allow proper combustion. The overall advantages to this type of alcohol vaporization injection system is that it adds relatively few new mechanisms to the spark ignition four cycle internal combustion engine to enable it to operate as a diesel engine with a high thermal efficiency. This alcohol injection system exploits the engine's need for greater volumes of alcohol caused by the alcohol's relatively low heat of combustion (When compared to gasoline) by using this greater volume of fuel to return greater quantities of heat back to the engine to a much greater degree than other fuels can.

Bayley, R.I.

1980-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

88

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN ENGINEERING Int. J. Numer. Meth. Engng. 2000; 47:15691603  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN ENGINEERING Int. J. Numer. Meth. Engng. 2000; 47:1569­1603

Thompson, Lonny L.

89

PHYSICAL REVIEW E 90, 022139 (2014) Enhanced efficiency of internal combustion engines by employing spinning gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICAL REVIEW E 90, 022139 (2014) Enhanced efficiency of internal combustion engines by employing; published 28 August 2014) The efficiency of the internal combustion engine might be enhanced by employing Optimizing the internal combustion engine to achieve the highest possible fuel efficiency can be approached

90

High order moment method for polydisperse evaporating sprays with mesh movement: application to internal combustion engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to internal combustion engines D. Kaha,3 , O. Emreb,c,d,2 , Q. H. Trand , S. de Chaisemartind, , S. Jayd , F meshes. Extending the approach to internal combustion engine and fuel injection requires solving two simulations with spray in internal combustion engines have become a critical target in the automotive industry

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

91

Apparatus for photocatalytic destruction of internal combustion engine emissions during cold start  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for the destruction of emissions from an internal combustion engine wherein a substrate coated with TiO.sub.2 is exposed to a light source in the exhaust system of an internal combustion engine thereby catalyzing oxidation/reduction reactions between gaseous hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides and oxygen in the exhaust of the internal combustion engine.

Janata, Jiri (Richland, WA); McVay, Gary L. (Richland, WA); Peden, Charles H. (West Richland, WA); Exarhos, Gregory J. (Richland, WA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Proceedings of IMECE`00 2000 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOR ACOUSTIC FLUID - STRUCTURE INTERACTION Lonny L. Thompson £ Department of Mechanical Engineering ClemsonProceedings of IMECE`00 2000 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition November of Mechanical Engineering Clemson University Clemson, South Carolina, 29634 ABSTRACT The application

Thompson, Lonny L.

93

Friction in full view A. P. Merklea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Friction in full view A. P. Merklea and L. D. Marksb Materials Science and Engineering proposed friction mechanisms explaining the unique tribological properties of graphite. Wear of graphite chemical or struc- tural information from the interface during a friction experi- ment. Examples

Marks, Laurence D.

94

Hydrogen Operated Internal Combustion Engines – A New Generation Fuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract- The present scenario of the automotive and agricultural sectors is fairly scared with the depletion of fossil fuel. The researchers are working towards to find out the best replacement for the fossil fuel; if not at least to offset the total fuel demand. In regards to emission, the fuel in the form of gaseous state is much than liquid fuel. By considering the various aspects of fuel, hydrogen is expected as a best option when consider as a gaseous state fuel. It is identified as a best alternate fuel for internal combustion engines as well as power generation application, which can be produced easily by means of various processes. The hydrogen in the form of gas can be used in the both spark ignition and compression ignition engines for propelling the vehicles. The selected fuel is much cleaner and fuel efficient than conventional fuel. The present study focusing the various aspects and usage of hydrogen fuel in S.I engine and C.I engine. Keywords- Hydrogen, Spark ignition engine, compression ignition engine, performance, Emission I.

B. Rajendra Prasath; E. Leelakrishnan; N. Lokesh; H. Suriyan; E. Guru Prakash; K. Omur; Mustaq Ahmed

95

Vaporizer design criteria for ethanol fueled internal combustion engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Stout (Member) L r x ge Edwa d A. Hiler (Head of Department) May 1985 ABSTRACT Vaporizer Design Criteria For Ethanol Fueled Internal Combustion Engines. (May 1985) Arachchi Rallage Ariyaratne, B. S. , University of Sri Lanka Chairman... VAPORIZATION LENGTH WITH UNIFORM HEAT FLUX 8 POLYNOMIAL FUNCTIONS FOR EVALUATING PARAMETERS C VARIATION OF HEAT FLUX AND AVERAGE SURFACE TEMPARATURE D PROGRAM FOR PREDICTING VAPORIZATION LENGTH 73 75 78 80 VITA 87 LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page 1...

Ariyaratne, Arachchi Rallage

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

96

Enhanced Efficiency of Internal Combustion Engines By Employing Spinning Gas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The efficiency of the internal combustion engine might be enhanced by employing spinning gas. A gas spinning at near sonic velocities has an effectively higher heat capacity, which allows practical fuel cycles, which are far from the Carnot efficiency, to approach more closely the Carnot efficiency. A gain in fuel efficiency of several percent is shown to be theoretically possible for the Otto and Diesel cycles. The use of a flywheel, in principle, could produce even greater increases in the efficiency.

Geyko, Vasily; Fisch, Nathaniel

2014-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

97

Modeling engine oil vaporization and transport of the oil vapor in the piston ring pack on internal combustion engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A model was developed to study engine oil vaporization and oil vapor transport in the piston ring pack of internal combustion engines. With the assumption that the multi-grade oil can be modeled as a compound of several ...

Cho, Yeunwoo, 1973-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Characterization of oil transport in the power cylinder of internal combustion engines during steady state and transient operation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engine friction, wear, and oil consumption are some of the primary interests for the automotive industry. However, there is currently a lack of understanding of the fundamentals involving oil transport inside the power ...

Przesmitzki, Steve (Steve Victor)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Friction as Basis for a Phonon Maser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evidence is provided from experiment, for the hypothesis that defect organization (internal friction) is a means for operation of a phonon maser.

Randall D. Peters

2003-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

100

International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering (ISSN 1053-5381) Copyright by The International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering (ISSN 1053-5381) Copyright © by The International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers Vol. 15, No. 2, June 2005, pp. 1­9 On Assessing the Accuracy of Offshore Wind Turbine Reliability-based Design Loads from the Environmental Contour Method Korn

Manuel, Lance

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Microwave-Assisted Ignition for Improved Internal Combustion Engine Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Emissions from HCCI Engines using a Consistent 3-Zoneof Microwave Plasma Combustion Engine (Part I: Concept ofPlasma Combustion Engine (Part II: Engine Performance of

DeFilippo, Anthony Cesar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Exhaust gas recirculation system for an internal combustion engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An exhaust gas recirculation system for an internal combustion engine comprises an exhaust driven turbocharger having a low pressure turbine outlet in fluid communication with an exhaust gas conduit. The turbocharger also includes a low pressure compressor intake and a high pressure compressor outlet in communication with an intake air conduit. An exhaust gas recirculation conduit fluidly communicates with the exhaust gas conduit to divert a portion of exhaust gas to a low pressure exhaust gas recirculation branch extending between the exhaust gas recirculation conduit and an engine intake system for delivery of exhaust gas thereto. A high pressure exhaust gas recirculation branch extends between the exhaust gas recirculation conduit and the compressor intake and delivers exhaust gas to the compressor for mixing with a compressed intake charge for delivery to the intake system.

Wu, Ko-Jen

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

103

Fuel injector nozzle for an internal combustion engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A direct injection fuel injector includes a nozzle tip having a plurality of passages allowing fluid communication between an inner nozzle tip surface portion and an outer nozzle tip surface portion and directly into a combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine. A first group of the passages have inner surface apertures located substantially in a first common plane. A second group of the passages have inner surface apertures located substantially in at least a second common plane substantially parallel to the first common plane. The second group has more passages than the first group.

Cavanagh, Mark S. (Bloomington, IL); Urven, Jr., Roger L. (Colona, IL); Lawrence, Keith E. (Peoria, IL)

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

104

Fuel Injector Nozzle For An Internal Combustion Engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A direct injection fuel injector includes a nozzle tip having a plurality of passages allowing fluid communication between an inner nozzle tip surface portion and an outer nozzle tip surface portion and directly into a combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine. A first group of the passages have inner surface apertures located substantially in a first common plane. A second group of the passages have inner surface apertures located substantially in at least a second common plane substantially parallel to the first common plane. The second group has more passages than the first group.

Cavanagh, Mark S. (Bloomington, IL); Urven, Jr.; Roger L. (Colona, IL); Lawrence, Keith E. (Peoria, IL)

2006-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

105

Fuel injector nozzle for an internal combustion engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A direct injection fuel injector includes a nozzle tip having a plurality of passages allowing fluid communication between an inner nozzle tip surface portion and an outer nozzle tip surface portion and directly into a combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine. A first group of the passages have inner surface apertures located substantially in a first common plane. A second group of the passages have inner surface apertures located substantially in at least a second common plane substantially parallel to the first common plane. The second group has more passages than the first group.

Cavanagh, Mark S. (Bloomington, IL); Urven, Jr., Roger L. (Colona, IL); Lawrence, Keith E. (Peoria, IL)

2008-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

106

Fuel injector nozzle for an internal combustion engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A direct injection fuel injector includes a nozzle tip having a plurality of passages allowing fluid communication between an inner nozzle tip surface portion and an outer nozzle tip surface portion and directly into a combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine. A first group of the passages have inner surface apertures located substantially in a first common plane. A second group of the passages have inner surface apertures located substantially in at least a second common plane substantially parallel to the first common plane. The second group has more passages than the first group.

Cavanagh, Mark S. (Bloomington, IL); Urven, Jr., Roger L. (Colona, IL); Lawrence, Keith E. (Peoria, IL)

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

107

Variable compression ratio device for internal combustion engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An internal combustion engine, particularly suitable for use in a work machine, is provided with a combustion cylinder, a cylinder head at an end of the combustion cylinder and a primary piston reciprocally disposed within the combustion cylinder. The cylinder head includes a secondary cylinder and a secondary piston reciprocally disposed within the secondary cylinder. An actuator is coupled with the secondary piston for controlling the position of the secondary piston dependent upon the position of the primary piston. A communication port establishes fluid flow communication between the combustion cylinder and the secondary cylinder.

Maloney, Ronald P.; Faletti, James J.

2004-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

108

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING Int. J. Numer. Meth. Biomed. Engng. 2014; 30:15971613  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING Int. J. Numer. Meth. Biomed BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING 2013 A finite strain nonlinear human mitral valve model with fluid. © 2014 The Authors. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering published

Luo, Xiaoyu

109

Friction Induced Skin Tags  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Duplantis KL, Jones BH. Friction blisters. Pathophysiology,Friction Induced Skin Tags Francisco Allegue MD 1 , Carmenetiopathogenic role for friction. Introduction Skin tags (

Allegue, Francisco; Fachal, Carmen; Pérez-Pérez, Lidia

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Evaluation and silicon nitride internal combustion engine components  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The feasibility of silicon nitride (Si[sub 3]N[sub 4]) use in internal combustion engines was studied by testing three different components for wear resistance and lower reciprocating mass. The information obtained from these preliminary spin rig and engine tests indicates several design changes are necessary to survive high-stress engine applications. The three silicon nitride components tested were valve spring retainers, tappet rollers, and fuel pump push rod ends. Garrett Ceramic Components' gas-pressure sinterable Si[sub 3]N[sub 4] (GS-44) was used to fabricate the above components. Components were final machined from densified blanks that had been green formed by isostatic pressing of GS-44 granules. Spin rig testing of the valve spring retainers indicated that these Si[sub 3]N[sub 4] components could survive at high RPM levels (9,500) when teamed with silicon nitride valves and lower spring tension than standard titanium components. Silicon nitride tappet rollers showed no wear on roller O.D. or I.D. surfaces, steel axles and lifters; however, due to the uncrowned design of these particular rollers the cam lobes indicated wear after spin rig testing. Fuel pump push rod ends were successful at reducing wear on the cam lobe and rod end when tested on spin rigs and in real-world race applications.

Voldrich, W. (Allied-Signal Aerospace Co., Torrance, CA (United States). Garrett Ceramic Components Div.)

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

1 Copyright 2010 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2010 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-dof linkages, cams, and gear trains, such as the Ross-yoke Stirling engine mechanism shown in Figure 1 trains. #12;2 Copyright © 2010 by ASME Figure 1. Ross-Yoke Stirling Engine Mechanism www.ent.ohiou.edu/~urieli/stirling/engines1 Copyright © 2010 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2010 International Design Engineering Technical

Williams II, Robert L.

112

1 Copyright 2007 by ASME Proceedings of the 2007 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Copyright © 2007 by ASME Proceedings of the 2007 ASME International Mechanical Engineering ­ ECAD INTEGRATION: OVERVIEW AND FUTURE RESEARCH PERSPECTIVES Kenway Chen Systems Realization Laboratory G. W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology, Savannah 210

113

Apparatus for photocatalytic destruction of internal combustion engine emissions during cold start  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are disclosed for the destruction of emissions from an internal combustion engine wherein a substrate coated with TiO{sub 2} is exposed to a light source in the exhaust system of an internal combustion engine thereby catalyzing oxidation/reduction reactions between gaseous hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides and oxygen in the exhaust of the internal combustion engine. 4 figs.

Janata, J.; McVay, G.L.; Peden, C.H.; Exarhos, G.J.

1998-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

114

Materials Research Lab -Cooperative International Science and Engineering Internships http://web.mrl.ucsb.edu/mrl/outreach/educational/CISEI/interns06/interns06.html[11/8/12 2:12:16 PM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

site to send US undergraduate science and engineering majors to 10-week summer internships at ourMaterials Research Lab - Cooperative International Science and Engineering Internships http For Teachers Education Contacts News Cooperative International Science and Engineering Internships Cooperative

Bigelow, Stephen

115

Cylinder wall waste heat recovery from liquid-cooled internal combustion engines utilizing thermoelectric generators.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This report is a dissertation proposal that focuses on the energy balance within an internal combustion engine with a unique coolant-based waste heat recovery… (more)

Armstead, John Randall

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Emission control system and method for internal combustion engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fresh air is introduced into the exhaust pipe leading to the muffler for an internal combustion engine, while the air and exhaust gas mixture is cooled, not only in the muffler but also in a circuitous tube which extends from the muffler to the normal discharge or tail pipe and in which a special cooler may be installed. From the outlet of the special cooling tube, which faces forwardly, a portion of the air and exhaust gas mixture, now cooled, is led from a Y-connection to the intake tube of the air filter, so that the air and exhaust gas mixture will be introduced into the intake system prior to the carburetor. A rearwardly slanting arm of the Y-connection connects the front end of the special cooling pipe with the normal tail pipe. The carburetor has one or more air bleed tubes leading into the mixture passage at or below the butterfly valves, so that at idling speeds, a small amount of fresh air is introduced, irrespective of the position of the butterfly valves, to overcome any tendency for the engine, when idling, to cough or sputter due to the introduction of an air and exhaust gas mixture to the air filter intake.

Owens, L.

1980-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

117

Towards a detailed soot model for internal combustion engines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, we present a detailed model for the formation of soot in internal combustion engines describing not only bulk quantities such as soot mass, number density, volume fraction, and surface area but also the morphology and chemical composition of soot aggregates. The new model is based on the Stochastic Reactor Model (SRM) engine code, which uses detailed chemistry and takes into account convective heat transfer and turbulent mixing, and the soot formation is accounted for by SWEEP, a population balance solver based on a Monte Carlo method. In order to couple the gas-phase to the particulate phase, a detailed chemical kinetic mechanism describing the combustion of Primary Reference Fuels (PRFs) is extended to include small Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) such as pyrene, which function as soot precursor species for particle inception in the soot model. Apart from providing averaged quantities as functions of crank angle like soot mass, volume fraction, aggregate diameter, and the number of primary particles per aggregate for example, the integrated model also gives detailed information such as aggregate and primary particle size distribution functions. In addition, specifics about aggregate structure and composition, including C/H ratio and PAH ring count distributions, and images similar to those produced with Transmission Electron Microscopes (TEMs), can be obtained. The new model is applied to simulate an n-heptane fuelled Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) engine which is operated at an equivalence ratio of 1.93. In-cylinder pressure and heat release predictions show satisfactory agreement with measurements. Furthermore, simulated aggregate size distributions as well as their time evolution are found to qualitatively agree with those obtained experimentally through snatch sampling. It is also observed both in the experiment as well as in the simulation that aggregates in the trapped residual gases play a vital role in the soot formation process. (author)

Mosbach, Sebastian; Celnik, Matthew S.; Raj, Abhijeet; Kraft, Markus [Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Cambridge, Pembroke Street, Cambridge CB2 3RA (United Kingdom); Zhang, Hongzhi R. [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Utah, 1495 East 100 South, Kennecott Research Building, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 (United States); Kubo, Shuichi [Frontier Research Center, Toyota Central R and D Labs., Inc., Nagakute, Aichi 480-1192 (Japan); Kim, Kyoung-Oh [Higashifuji Technical Center, Toyota Motor Corporation, Mishuku 1200, Susono, Shizuoka 480-1193 (Japan)

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

118

Proceedings of IMECE'04 2004 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of IMECE'04 2004 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition because of their size-to-power ratio and the ability to apply large forces and torques with fast response by ASME Proceedings of IMECE04 2004 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition

Yao, Bin

119

Proceedings of IMECE2006 2006 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of IMECE2006 2006 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition in size and power and the potential for improved sensitivity they of- fer. Typically, resonant to a given 1 Copyright c 2006 by ASME Proceedings of IMECE2006 2006 ASME International Mechanical Engineering

Rhoads, Jeffrey F.

120

Proceedings of IMECE2006 2006 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Conference and Exposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of IMECE2006 2006 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Conference and Exposition 2006 by ASME Proceedings of IMECE2006 2006 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress electrical power via oxidation and reduction half reactions that are separated in space. In this case

Yao, Bin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Proceedings of ASME 2009 2009 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the liquid piston includes the fluidyne Stirling engine, also used for water pumping [2-4]. A preliminary1 Proceedings of ASME 2009 2009 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress Mechanical Energy and Power Systems Lab Department of Mechanical Engineering Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Van de Ven, James D.

122

1 Copyright 2010 by ASME ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

processes and a conceptual Liquid Piston Stirling Engine are immediate applications. Proposed is a thin1 Copyright © 2010 by ASME -DRAFT- ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress was an inspiration for the BHEX concept. He draws connections between optimal engineering design and #12;2 Copyright

Van de Ven, James D.

123

A thermodynamic analysis of the rotary-vee internal combustion engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The rotary-vee is a novel and unusual two-stroke cycle internal combustion engine. The rotary-vee engine is unique in that the combustion chamber and port design is very similar to a reciprocating two stroke engine, however, all of the components...

Bailey, Stephen Glenn

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

1 Copyright 2011 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solutions in a global, economic, environmental, and societal context," [1]. Providing engineering students, social, economic and environmental issues in engineering, with no funds to support the actual overseas1 Copyright © 2011 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical

Lewis, Kemper E.

125

Microwave-Assisted Ignition for Improved Internal Combustion Engine Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling of Emissions from HCCI Engines using a ConsistentMechanism for Iso-Octane HCCI Combustion With TargetedCharge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engine: Experimental and

DeFilippo, Anthony Cesar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Introduction Rolling and Friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction Kinematics Solutions Rolling and Friction in Discrete Element Simulations Matthew R of rolling resistance Creep-friction definition Creep-friction vs. Cattaneo-Mindlin friction Classification / papers / EMI2011.pdf #12;Introduction Kinematics Solutions Classification of rolling resistance Creep-friction

Kuhn, Matthew R.

127

Jet plume injection and combustion system for internal combustion engines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved combustion system for an internal combustion engine is disclosed wherein a rich air/fuel mixture is furnished at high pressure to one or more jet plume generator cavities adjacent to a cylinder and then injected through one or more orifices from the cavities into the head space of the cylinder to form one or more turbulent jet plumes in the head space of the cylinder prior to ignition of the rich air/fuel mixture in the cavity of the jet plume generator. The portion of the rich air/fuel mixture remaining in the cavity of the generator is then ignited to provide a secondary jet, comprising incomplete combustion products which are injected into the cylinder to initiate combustion in the already formed turbulent jet plume. Formation of the turbulent jet plume in the head space of the cylinder prior to ignition has been found to yield a higher maximum combustion pressure in the cylinder, as well as shortening the time period to attain such a maximum pressure.

Oppenheim, Antoni K. (Kensington, CA); Maxson, James A. (Berkeley, CA); Hensinger, David M. (Albany, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Valve supporting arrangement of an internal combustion engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A supporting arrangement is described for a valve of an internal combustion engine having a valve stem portion, comprising a rigid member for supporting the stem portion of the valve for axial movement of the valve, a stamped or press-formed upper retainer connected to the upper portion of the valve stem, a lower annular retainer disposed on the rigid member and surrounding the valve stem, and a coil spring compressed between the upper and lower retainers to bias the valve in a direction to close the associated valve opening. The upper retainer has a substantially constant thickness throughout and comprises an annular collar portion having an essentially constant diameter along the length thereof with the diameter at least substantially equal to the inner diameter of the coil spring. The collar portion is coaxially disposed within an upper portion of the coil spring, an annular flange portion extending radially outwardly from the upper end of the collar portion and engaging with the upper end of the coil spring, and means for achieving a spline connection between the central portion of the retainer and the upper portion of the valve stem, and wherein the upper retainer is divided along a diameter into two identical elements which are disposed about the upper portion of the valve stem such that the radial pressure exerted by the coil spring operates to bias the identical elements into their respective positions operative to connect the upper retainer to the valve stem.

Hayashi, Y.

1986-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

129

Jet plume injection and combustion system for internal combustion engines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved combustion system for an internal combustion engine is disclosed wherein a rich air/fuel mixture is furnished at high pressure to one or more jet plume generator cavities adjacent to a cylinder and then injected through one or more orifices from the cavities into the head space of the cylinder to form one or more turbulent jet plumes in the head space of the cylinder prior to ignition of the rich air/fuel mixture in the cavity of the jet plume generator. The portion of the rich air/fuel mixture remaining in the cavity of the generator is then ignited to provide a secondary jet, comprising incomplete combustion products which are injected into the cylinder to initiate combustion in the already formed turbulent jet plume. Formation of the turbulent jet plume in the head space of the cylinder prior to ignition has been found to yield a higher maximum combustion pressure in the cylinder, as well as shortening the time period to attain such a maximum pressure. 24 figures.

Oppenheim, A.K.; Maxson, J.A.; Hensinger, D.M.

1993-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

130

Optimization of the Calibration for an Internal Combustion Engine Management System Using Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization of the Calibration for an Internal Combustion Engine Management System Using Multi, the level of complexity of internal combustion engines is increasing steadily and the number of these problems, almost since the advent of electronics control of internal combustion engines, finding a way

Coello, Carlos A. Coello

131

Cylinder Pressures and Vibration in Internal Combustion Engine Condition G O Chandroth, A J C Sharkey and N E Sharkey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cylinder Pressures and Vibration in Internal Combustion Engine Condition Monitoring G O Chandroth focus on the detection of incipient faults in an internal combustion engine using a minimum number. The cylinder pressure (P) developed within an internal combustion engine can be considered to be the pulse

Sharkey, Amanda

132

Hydrocarbon-fueled internal combustion engines: "the worst form of vehicle propulsion... except for all the other forms"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: diesel; thermal efficiency 52%. #12;2 charge reciprocating piston engines; diesel-fueled nonpremixed). Also, electric motors are not heat engines and thus not internal combustion engines. Turboshaft All

133

Quantum friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Brownian motion of a light quantum particle in a heavy classical gas is theoretically described and a new expression for the friction coefficient is obtained for arbitrary temperature. At zero temperature it equals to the de Broglie momentum of the mean free path divided by the mean free path. Alternatively, the corresponding mobility of the quantum particle in the classical gas is equal to the square of the mean free path divided by the Planck constant. The Brownian motion of a quantum particle in a quantum environment is also discussed.

R. Tsekov

2012-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

134

Analysis and Model-Based Control of Servomechanisms With Friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis and Model-Based Control of Servomechanisms With Friction Evangelos G. Papadopoulos e Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, 15780 Athens, Greece Friction is responsible for several, model-based feedback compensation is studied for servomechanism tracking tasks. Several kinetic friction

Papadopoulos, Evangelos

135

http://jer.sagepub.com/ International Journal of Engine Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

single-cylinder research engine to spark-assisted HCCI An experimental investigation of the sensitivity and combustion properties of a single-cylinder research engine to spark-assisted HCCI B T Zigler1,2 , P E Keros1 ignition (HCCI) combustion may be a method to improve the operation of HCCI engines. In the current study

Wooldridge, Margaret S.

136

Observing and modeling nonlinear dynamics in an internal combustion engine Engineering Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-8088  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observing and modeling nonlinear dynamics in an internal combustion engine C. S. Daw* Engineering motivated, nonlinear map as a model for cyclic combustion variation in spark-ignited internal combustion combustion engines can exhibit substantial cycle-to-cycle variation in combustion energy release

Tennessee, University of

137

Rotating electrical machines - Part 22: AC generators for reciprocating internal combustion (RIC) engine driven generating sets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Establishes the principal characteristics of a.c. generators under the control of their voltage regulators when used for reciprocating internal combustion engine driven generating sets. Supplements the requirements given in IEC 60034-1.

International Electrotechnical Commission. Geneva

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

1 Copyright 2013 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2013 International Design Engineering Technical Conference &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Copyright © 2013 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2013 International Design Engineering Technical (Amazon, Epinions). Since social media has manifested itself to be a powerful tool for marketing

139

1 Copyright 2009 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Copyright © 2009 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress-averaged flows have been studied through mean velocities and fluctuations, and power spectrums of instantaneous

Thomas, Brian G.

140

Numerical modeling of piston secondary motion and skirt lubrication in internal combustion engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Internal combustion engines dominate transportation of people and goods, contributing significantly to air pollution, and requiring large amounts of fossil fuels. With increasing public concern about the environment and ...

McClure, Fiona

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

IWODE09 -International Workshop on Organizational Design and Engineering December 11-12, 2009. Lisbon, Portugal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

learning, we can build computational models that simulate the effects of organizational disruptionsIWODE09 - International Workshop on Organizational Design and Engineering December 11-12, 2009. Lisbon, Portugal SENSIBLE ORGANIZATIONS: A SENSOR-BASED SYSTEM FOR ORGANIZATIONAL DESIGN

142

Modeling the lubrication of the piston ring pack in internal combustion engines using the deterministic method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Piston ring packs are used in internal combustion engines to seal both the high pressure gas in the combustion chamber and the lubricant oil in the crank case. The interaction between the piston ring pack and the cylinder ...

Chen, Haijie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

H2 Internal Combustion Engine Research Towards 45% efficiency...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Funding in FY09: 500k Funding for FY10: 840k request Barriers Understand and optimize hydrogen direct injection engine operation Evaluate in-cylinder emissions reduction...

144

Proceedings of IMECE 2006 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

power output and, (b) high content of unwanted oxides, hydro-carbons and particulate matter, without compromising the need to generate more power. In the present work, a multivariable approach- trollers. 1 Introduction Diesel engines are among the most efficient internal com- bustion engines [1

Yao, Bin

145

Side branch absorber for exhaust manifold of two-stroke internal combustion engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of improving scavenging operation of a two-stroke internal combustion engine. The exhaust pressure of the engine is analyzed to determine if there is a pulsation frequency. Acoustic modeling is used to design an absorber. An appropriately designed side branch absorber may be attached to the exhaust manifold.

Harris, Ralph E. (San Antonio, TX); Broerman, III, Eugene L. (San Antonio, TX); Bourn, Gary D. (Laramie, WY)

2011-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

146

Ceramics International 17 (1991)267-274 Molecular and Colloidal Engineering of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and ceramic matrix composites are those produced in nature by a variety of very elegant low examples of molecularly engineered ceramics and ceramic-polymer composite architec- tures.6Ceramics International 17 (1991)267-274 Molecular and Colloidal Engineering of Ceramicst Ilhan A

Aksay, Ilhan A.

147

Proceedings of IDETC/CIE 2013 ASME 2013 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of IDETC/CIE 2013 ASME 2013 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference August 4-7, 2013, Portland, USA DETC2013-12620 AUTOMATICALLY INFERRING METRICS FOR DESIGN CREATIVITY Mark Fuge Berkeley Institute of Design Dept. of Mechanical

Fuge, Mark

148

MODEL-DRIVEN ENGINEERING FOR IMPLEMENTING THE ISO 19100 SERIES OF INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MODEL-DRIVEN ENGINEERING FOR IMPLEMENTING THE ISO 19100 SERIES OF INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS CYRIL of the ISO 19100 series of standards with use of Model-Driven Engineering (MDE) techniques. We expose how MDE to use ISO 19109, 19110 and 19117 models in order to generate a rich client application. Our work takes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

149

Internal combustion engine with rotary valve assembly having variable intake valve timing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An internal combustion engine has rotary valves associated with movable shutters operable to vary the closing of intake air/fuel port sections to obtain peak volumetric efficiency over the entire range of speed of the engine. The shutters are moved automatically by a control mechanism that is responsive to the RPM of the engine. A foot-operated lever associated with the control mechanism is also used to move the shutters between their open and closed positions.

Hansen, Craig N. (Eden Prairie, MN); Cross, Paul C. (Shorewood, MN)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Investigation of Surface Treatments to Improve the Friction and Wear of Titanium Alloys for Diesel Engine Components  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This final report summarizes experimental and analytical work performed under an agreement between the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Transportation Technologies, and UT-Battelle LLC. The project was directed by Jerry Gibbs, of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Propulsion Materials Program, with management by D. P. Stinton and J. A. Haynes of ORNL. Participants included Peter J. Blau (Principal Investigator), Kevin M. Cooley (senior technician), Melanie J. Kirkham (materials scientist) of the Materials Science and Technology Division or ORNL, and Dinesh G. Bansal, a post doctoral fellow employed by Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) and who, at the time of this writing, is an engineer with Cummins, Inc. This report covers a three-year effort that involved two stages. In the first stage, and after a review of the literature and discussions with surface treatment experts, a series of candidate alloys and surface treatments for titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) was selected for initial screening. After pre-screening using an ASTM standard test method, the more promising surface treatments were tested in Phase 2 using a variable loading apparatus that was designed and built to simulate the changing load patterns in a typical connecting rod bearing. Information on load profiles from the literature was supplemented with the help of T.C. Chen and Howard Savage of Cummins, Inc. Considering the dynamic and evolving nature of materials technology, this report presents a snapshot of commercial and experimental bearing surface technologies for titanium alloys that were available during the period of this work. Undoubtedly, further improvements in surface engineering methods for titanium will evolve.

Blau, Peter J. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Cooley, Kevin M. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Kirkham, Melanie J. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Bansal, Dinesh G. [Oak Ridge Associated Universities

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

151

Power and efficiency limits for internal combustion engines via methods of finite-time thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power and efficiency limits for internal combustion engines via methods of finite publication 17 June 1993) Analytical expressionsfor the upper bounds of power and efficiency of an internal and expensiveto compute and analyze.2If we are interestedin maximum power output or in maximum effi- ciency

Berry, R. Stephen

152

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING Int. J. Numer. Meth. Biomed. Engng. 2014; 30:232248  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING Int. J. Numer. Meth. Biomed. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd in Biomedical Engineering published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. #12;SEGMENTATION OF BIOMEDICAL IMAGES 233

Grant, P. W.

153

Proceedings of ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division 2009 Fall Technical Conference September 27-30, 2009, Lucerne, Switzerland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division 2009 Fall Technical Conference ICEF 2009 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference ICEF2009 September 20-24, 2009, Lucerne AND ANALYSIS OF THE SOOT EMISSIONS FROM A COMMON RAIL DIESEL ENGINE USING TWO FUELS Patrick Kirchen Laboratory

Daraio, Chiara

154

H2 Internal Combustion Engine Research Towards 45% efficiency...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

May 18-22, 2009 -- Washington D.C. ace09wallner.pdf More Documents & Publications Optimization of Direct-Injection H2 Combustion Engine Performance, Efficiency, and Emissions H2...

155

Certification of a weld produced by friction stir welding  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods, devices, and systems for providing certification of friction stir welds are disclosed. A sensor is used to collect information related to a friction stir weld. Data from the sensor is compared to threshold values provided by an extrinsic standard setting organizations using a certification engine. The certification engine subsequently produces a report on the certification status of the weld.

Obaditch, Chris; Grant, Glenn J

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Skin friction blistering: computer model.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on blisters produced by friction. I. Results of linearDuplantis KL, Jones BH. Friction blisters. Pathophysiology,WA, Sulzberger MB. The friction blister. Mil Med 6. Cortese

Xing, Malcolm; Pan, Ning; Zhong, Wen; Maibach, Howard

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Frictional Widgets: Enhancing Touch Interfaces with Programmable Friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Frictional Widgets: Enhancing Touch Interfaces with Programmable Friction Abstract Touch the design possibilities offered by augmenting touchscreens with programmable surface friction. Four exemplar of touch interactions can be enhanced when using a touchscreen with dynamically varied surface friction. We

Levesque, Vincent

158

Skin friction for steel piles in sand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SkiN FRICTION FOR STEZL PIIZS IN SAND A Theeia by I. H. Sulaiman Submittei io the graduate College of t, he Texan AAB Univen-ity in Ixantial fulfil. ment of bhe zequiremenbu for the degree of NASTZR 0F SCISNCZ May 196'7 bsrjor Subject...: Civil Engineering SKIN FRICTION FOR STEEL PILES IN SAND A Thesis by I. H. Sulaiman Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of C mmittee Head of Department Memb Member 111 Skin Friction For Steel Piles in Sand (May 1967) Ibr shim Hikmat...

Sulaiman, Ibrahim Hikmat

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

159

http://jer.sagepub.com/ International Journal of Engine Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the increased use of ethanol­gasoline blends. Ethanol, an alternative to petroleum-based gasoline at over 500 points across the engine operating range for four blends of gasoline and ethanol. Furthermore model capable of capturing the impact of the ethanol blend ratio, burned gas fraction, spark timing

160

Friction-Induced Fluid Heating in Nanoscale Helium Flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the mechanism of friction-induced fluid heating in nanoconfinements. Molecular dynamics simulations are used to study the temperature variations of liquid helium in nanoscale Poiseuille flows. It is found that the fluid heating is dominated by different sources of friction as the external driving force is changed. For small external force, the fluid heating is mainly caused by the internal viscous friction in the fluid. When the external force is large and causes fluid slip at the surfaces of channel walls, the friction at the fluid-solid interface dominates over the internal friction in the fluid and is the major contribution to fluid heating. An asymmetric temperature gradient in the fluid is developed in the case of nonidentical walls and the general temperature gradient may change sign as the dominant heating factor changes from internal to interfacial friction with increasing external force.

Li Zhigang [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon (Hong Kong)

2010-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON THE HEAT TREATMENT AND SURFACE ENGINEERING OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Chair Vojteh Leskovsek, SSHT, Slovenia Co-Chair Bo o Smoljan, CSHTSE, Croatia Co-Chair Heimo Jäger Krumes, Croatia Bo idar Lisèiæ, Croatia Aleksander Nakonieczny, Poland David Nolan, Australia Peter International Programme Committee Monika Jenko, Slovenia, Chair Franjo Cajner, Croatia Tomislav Filetin, Croatia

Fernandez, Thomas

162

Intern experience at Teledyne Brown Engineering: an internship report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Value Attack and Defense Effectiveness Model MX Missile X NASA National Aeronautics and Space Agency OPUS Optimal Preferential Utilities and Strategies Program OR Operations Research O&S Operations and Support PBV Post Boost Vehicle P.E. Professional... under decentralized management and strong local autonomy. In addition to its main facilities in Huntsville's Cummings Research Park, Teledyne Brown Engineering has branch operations at the Huntsville-Madison County Airport and in California, Colorado...

Hammond, Walter Edward, 1947-

2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

163

Internal combuston engine having separated cylinder head oil drains and crankcase ventilation passages  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An internal combustion engine includes separated oil drain-back and crankcase ventilation passages. The oil drain-back passages extend from the cylinder head to a position below the top level of oil in the engine`s crankcase. The crankcase ventilation passages extend from passages formed in the main bearing bulkheads from positions above the oil level in the crankcase and ultimately through the cylinder head. Oil dams surrounding the uppermost portions of the crankcase ventilation passages prevent oil from running downwardly through the crankcase ventilation passages. 4 figs.

Boggs, D.L.; Baraszu, D.J.; Foulkes, D.M.; Gomes, E.G.

1998-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

164

Apparatus and method for operating internal combustion engines from variable mixtures of gaseous fuels  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for utilizing any arbitrary mixture ratio of multiple fuel gases having differing combustion characteristics, such as natural gas and hydrogen gas, within an internal combustion engine. The gaseous fuel composition ratio is first sensed, such as by thermal conductivity, infrared signature, sound propagation speed, or equivalent mixture differentiation mechanisms and combinations thereof which are utilized as input(s) to a "multiple map" engine control module which modulates selected operating parameters of the engine, such as fuel injection and ignition timing, in response to the proportions of fuel gases available so that the engine operates correctly and at high efficiency irrespective of the gas mixture ratio being utilized. As a result, an engine configured according to the teachings of the present invention may be fueled from at least two different fuel sources without admixing constraints.

Heffel, James W. (Lake Matthews, CA); Scott, Paul B. (Northridge, CA); Park, Chan Seung (Yorba Linda, CA)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Apparatus and method for operating internal combustion engines from variable mixtures of gaseous fuels  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for utilizing any arbitrary mixture ratio of multiple fuel gases having differing combustion characteristics, such as natural gas and hydrogen gas, within an internal combustion engine. The gaseous fuel composition ratio is first sensed, such as by thermal conductivity, infrared signature, sound propagation speed, or equivalent mixture differentiation mechanisms and combinations thereof which are utilized as input(s) to a "multiple map" engine control module which modulates selected operating parameters of the engine, such as fuel injection and ignition timing, in response to the proportions of fuel gases available so that the engine operates correctly and at high efficiency irrespective of the gas mixture ratio being utilized. As a result, an engine configured according to the teachings of the present invention may be fueled from at least two different fuel sources without admixing constraints.

Heffel, James W.; Scott, Paul B.

2003-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

166

Dynamical friction on satellite galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For a rigid model satellite, Chandrasekhar's dynamical friction formula describes the orbital evolution quite accurately, when the Coulomb logarithm is chosen appropriately. However, it is not known if the orbital evolution of a real satellite with the internal degree of freedom can be described by the dynamical friction formula. We performed N-body simulation of the orbital evolution of a self-consistent satellite galaxy within a self-consistent parent galaxy. We found that the orbital decay of the simulated satellite is significantly faster than the estimate from the dynamical friction formula. The main cause of this discrepancy is that the stars stripped out of the satellite are still close to the satellite, and increase the drag force on the satellite through two mechanisms. One is the direct drag force from particles in the trailing tidal arm, a non-axisymmetric force that slows the satellite down. The other is the indirect effect that is caused by the particles remaining close to the satellite after escape. The force from them enhances the wake caused in the parent galaxy by dynamical friction, and this larger wake in turn slows the satellite down more than expected from the contribution of its bound mass. We found these two have comparable effects, and the combined effect can be as large as 20% of the total drag force on the satellite.

Michiko Fujii; Yoko Funato; Junichiro Makino

2005-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

167

H2 Internal Combustion Engine Research | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office0-72.pdfGeorge Waldmann GeorgeLogging Systems2008Gulf Coast's Texas CityH2 Internal

168

Sandia National Laboratories: internal combustion engine fuel efficiency  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1developmentturbine blade manufacturing therenewables Sandia,internal combustion

169

Rotational Quantum Friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the frictional forces due to quantum fluctuations acting on a small sphere rotating near a surface. At zero temperature, we find the frictional force near a surface to be several orders of magnitude larger than that for the sphere rotating in vacuum. For metallic materials with typical conductivity, quantum friction is maximized by matching the frequency of rotation with the conductivity. Materials with poor conductivity are favored to obtain large quantum frictions. For semiconductor materials that are able to support surface plasmon polaritons, quantum friction can be further enhanced by several orders of magnitude due to the excitation of surface plasmon polaritons.

Rongkuo Zhao; Alejandro Manjavacas; F. Javier García de Abajo; J. B. Pendry

2012-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

170

Copyright 2009 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this prediction algorithm does not need statistical data or rely on an underlying cinematic human model with preCopyright © 2009 by ASME 125 Proceedings of the ASME 2009 International Design Engineering by computationally demanding interpolation or extrapolation schemes. Since interpolation algorithms require data

171

Proceedings ASCE International Water Resources Engineering Conference August 8-12, 1999, Seattle, WA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and flood control. Eutrophic conditions are caused by increased water temperatures due to lack of shadingProceedings ASCE International Water Resources Engineering Conference August 8-12, 1999, Seattle and Columbia Rivers. It is a eutrophic water body susceptible to algae blooms and crashes and periods of high p

Wells, Scott A.

172

Proceedings of the ASME Fuel Cell Division 2000: The 2000 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The PEM fuel cell engine promises for future application in environmentally responsible vehicles, becauseProceedings of the ASME Fuel Cell Division ­ 2000: The 2000 ASME International Mechanical ANALYSIS OF TRANSPORT AND REACTION IN PROTON EXCHANGE MEMBRANE FUEL CELLS Sukkee Um and C.Y. Wang

Wang, Chao-Yang

173

Proceedings of FUELCELL2006 Fourth International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of water within the fuel cell stack is crit- ical for optimal stack performance. A balance must be struckProceedings of FUELCELL2006 Fourth International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering-ORIENTED MODEL OF THE WATER DYNAMICS IN FUEL CELLS B. A. McCain Fuel Cell Control Laboratory Department

Stefanopoulou, Anna

174

Comparison of the Fire Consequences of an Electric Vehicle and an Internal Combustion Engine Vehicle.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of the Fire Consequences of an Electric Vehicle and an Internal Combustion Engine key new technologies in the development of electric vehicles (EV), risks pertaining to them have at presenting the main results of these fire tests. KEYWORDS: electric vehicles, battery, fire, safety

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

175

Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine Two Wheeler with on-board Metal Hydride Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be obtained from sources such as electrolysis using low cost electricity, hydrogen as a by of cost- effective hydrogen in India (which we chose as a test case) is not a barrier. Thus, in the nearHydrogen Internal Combustion Engine Two Wheeler with on-board Metal Hydride Storage K. Sapru*, S

176

Transactions of AMSE International Journal of Solar Energy Engineering 1 Copyright #### by ASME  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, uncertainty, model validation 1 Introduction In hot climates, action must be taken against solar heating heat transfer due to the conduction process. However, this type of thermal insulation does not reduceTransactions of AMSE International Journal of Solar Energy Engineering 1 Copyright © #### by ASME

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

177

Third International Workshop on Software Engineering for High Performance Computing (HPC) Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Third International Workshop on Software Engineering for High Performance Computing (HPC, and financial modeling. The TOP500 website (http://www.top500.org) lists the top 500 high performance computing to define new ways of measuring high performance computing systems that take into account not only the low

Carver, Jeffrey C.

178

ICED'09/Paper number (Contribution ID) 1 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, ICED'09  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICED'09/Paper number (Contribution ID) 1 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, ICED'09 24 - 27 AUGUST 2009, STANFORD UNIVERSITY, STANFORD, CA, USA CREATIVITY THEORIES AND SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY: A STUDY OF C-K THEORY AND INFUSED DESIGN ABSTRACT Creativity is central to human activity

Shai, Offer

179

ICED'09/373 1 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, ICED'09  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICED'09/373 1 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, ICED'09 24 - 27 AUGUST 2009, STANFORD UNIVERSITY, STANFORD, CA, USA CREATIVITY THEORIES AND SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY: A STUDY OF C-K THEORY AND INFUSED Creativity is central to human activity and is a powerful force in personal and organizational success

Reich, Yoram

180

Proceedings of FuelCell2008 Sixth International Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology Conference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

optimization study. For a new technology, such as fuel cells, it is also important to include uncertaintiesProceedings of FuelCell2008 Sixth International Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology Conference June 16-18, 2008, Denver, Colorado, USA FUELCELL2008-65111 OPTIMAL DESIGN OF HYBRID ELECTRIC FUEL

Papalambros, Panos

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

1 Copyright 2010 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Copyright © 2010 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering as promising power sources in automotive, electronic, portables, and stationary applications [1]. PEMFCs and electricity which can be used for a variety of applications [2]. To have a continuous power generation

Bahrami, Majid

182

1 Copyright 2010 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2010 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Copyright © 2010 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2010 International Design Engineering Technical are often addressed through decomposition. Consider, for example, an electric vehicle (EV) powertrain to high-fidelity, "blackbox" simulations, in the form: #12;2 Copyright © 2010 by ASME -200000 -150000

Papalambros, Panos

183

1 Copyright 2009 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Copyright © 2009 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering OF A HIGH-SPEED ON-OFF VALVE Allan A. Katz Mechanical Energy and Power Systems Lab Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester, MA, USA James D. Van de Ven Mechanical Energy and Power Systems Lab Worcester

Van de Ven, James D.

184

1 Copyright 2012 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Copyright © 2012 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering of society's transformation since then has been made possible through the technological breakthroughs powered a confluence of powerful technologies. In a landmark NSF/DOC sponsored report, Roco and Bainbridge [1

Ramakrishnan, Naren

185

1 Copyright 2009 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Copyright © 2009 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical of the power of computers (as PCs were on the rise) to solve linear equations via standard matrix methods;2 Copyright © 2009 by ASME 2. FOUR-BAR MECHANISM INVERSE DYNAMICS MATRIX METHOD For each moving link we can

Williams II, Robert L.

186

1 Copyright 2013 by ASME PROCEEDINGS OF THE ASME 2013 INTERNATIONAL DESIGN ENGINEERING TECHNICAL CONFERENCES &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Copyright © 2013 by ASME PROCEEDINGS OF THE ASME 2013 INTERNATIONAL DESIGN ENGINEERING TECHNICAL by ASME 1 INTRODUCTION Products can be categorized into long life cycle and short life cycle products, communications infrastructure, power plants, and medical applications, are manufactured and remain in use

Sandborn, Peter

187

Proceedings of IMECE'05 2005 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Conference and Expo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of IMECE'05 2005 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Conference and Expo November to the prediction of elastic moduli would thus provide a powerful tool for guiding ionomer fabrication. The Mark weight, hydration level, counterion, etc. 1 Copyright c 2005 by ASME #12;~100 nmBackbone Pendant Chain

188

1 Copyright 2009 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Copyright © 2009 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical to generate particular motion of a robotic structure. The maximum torque and maximum power are necessary data springs and dampers. The simple models #12;2 Copyright © 2009 by ASME include one or two variables

Williams II, Robert L.

189

International Journal of Impact Engineering 32 (2005) 473507 Laser shock compression of copper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Journal of Impact Engineering 32 (2005) 473­507 Laser shock compression of copper and copper­aluminum alloys Matthew S. Schneidera , Bimal Kada , Daniel H. Kalantarb , Bruce A. Remingtonb; received in revised form 20 May 2005; accepted 22 May 2005 Available online 25 August 2005 Abstract Copper

Meyers, Marc A.

190

Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Paris 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

743 Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, considering soil hydraulic conductivity. The models deal with erosion of levees, dams and embankments due centrifuge have been used to calibrate the models. Previous models did not consider soil hydraulic

Franklin, W. Randolph

191

Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Thermal Engineering: Theory and Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Thermal Engineering: Theory and Applications: +19024943108; E-mail: mehossain@dal.ca 1 Novel Models with Memory for Flow of Share-Thinning Fluids in Porous The flow of aqueous polymeric fluids through porous media has been studied in the past mainly due to its

Hossain, M. Enamul

192

Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems The 8th Annual IEEE International Conference on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems The 8th Annual IEEE International Conference on April 7. Nanomedicine 4. Nanobiology, Nano-bio-informatics 5. Molecular Sensors, Actuators, and Systems 6. Carbon Nanotube and Graphene based Devices and Systems 7. Microfluidics and Nanofluidics 8. Micro and Nano Heat

Sanders, Seth

193

2003 ICECE March 16 19, 2003, So Paulo, BRAZIL International Conference on Engineering and Computer Education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of students that encompasses the focus of this paper is non-science majors taking introductory physics for use within the international community of science and engineering educators. DESCRIPTION OF STUDENT L. Larkin, Department of Computer Science, Audio Technology, and Physics, American University, 4400

Larkin, Teresa L.

194

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN ICED 01 GLASGOW, AUGUST 21-23, 2001  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN ICED 01 GLASGOW, AUGUST 21-23, 2001 TRANSFERRING; technology transfer 1 Introduction Some ten years ago Rolls-Royce decided that to strengthen its capability systems of the two companies by means of `technology transfer'. This paper will take a holistic view

Kelly, Tim

195

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN ICED 05 MELBOURNE, AUGUST 15 18, 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

integrating this fact. TRIZ [2] proposes to answer this lack by focusing the design on a problem framing made of several tools and methods to guide the inventive design process by a problem-focused approach1 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN ICED 05 MELBOURNE, AUGUST 15 ­ 18, 2005 A FORMAL

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

196

Friction Tests in Magnesium Tube Hydroforming at Elevated Temperatures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In metal forming, lubricants have a variety of functions. The top priority is usually reduction of friction in order to increase the formability of the materials and reduce tool wear. Because magnesium alloys have very poor formability at room temperature, it is essential to manufacture a part from Magnesium alloys at elevated temperatures. The aim of this paper is to present a friction test method to evaluate the performance of different kinds of lubricants and determine their coefficients of friction at elevated temperatures in tube hydroforming of magnesium alloys. A self-designed experimental apparatus is used to carry out the experiments of friction tests. The coefficient of friction between the tube and die at guiding zone is determined. The effects of the internal pressure, the axial feeding velocity and temperatures on the friction forces and coefficients of friction for different lubricants are discussed.

Hwang, Yeong-Maw; Wang, Kuo-Hsing; Kuo, Tsung-Yu [National Sun Yat-Sen University-Department of Mechanical and Electro-mechanical Engineering, No.70, Lien-Hai Rd., Kaohsiung, Taiwan (China)

2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

197

Physical Similitude in Hierarchical Engineered Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

high exit friction. Nuclear Engineering and Design, [23] R.test facility (apex). Nuclear Engineering and Design, 186:future reactor systems. Nuclear Engineering and Design, 235:

Blandford, Edward David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Internal combustion engines for alcohol motor fuels: a compilation of background technical information  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This compilation, a draft training manual containing technical background information on internal combustion engines and alcohol motor fuel technologies, is presented in 3 parts. The first is a compilation of facts from the state of the art on internal combustion engine fuels and their characteristics and requisites and provides an overview of fuel sources, fuels technology and future projections for availability and alternatives. Part two compiles facts about alcohol chemistry, alcohol identification, production, and use, examines ethanol as spirit and as fuel, and provides an overview of modern evaluation of alcohols as motor fuels and of the characteristics of alcohol fuels. The final section compiles cross references on the handling and combustion of fuels for I.C. engines, presents basic evaluations of events leading to the use of alcohols as motor fuels, reviews current applications of alcohols as motor fuels, describes the formulation of alcohol fuels for engines and engine and fuel handling hardware modifications for using alcohol fuels, and introduces the multifuel engines concept. (LCL)

None

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Development of High Efficiency Clean Combustion Engine Designs for Spark-Ignition and Compression-Ignition Internal Combustion Engines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes activities related to the revised STATEMENT OF PROJECT OBJECTIVES (SOPO) dated June 2010 for the Development of High-Efficiency Clean Combustion engine Designs for Spark-Ignition and Compression-Ignition Internal Combustion Engines (COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NUMBER DE-FC26-05NT42415) project. In both the spark- (SI) and compression-ignition (CI) development activities covered in this program, the goal was to develop potential production-viable internal combustion engine system technologies that both reduce fuel consumption and simultaneously met exhaust emission targets. To be production-viable, engine technologies were also evaluated to determine if they would meet customer expectations of refinement in terms of noise, vibration, performance, driveability, etc. in addition to having an attractive business case and value. Prior to this activity, only proprietary theoretical / laboratory knowledge existed on the combustion technologies explored The research reported here expands and develops this knowledge to determine series-production viability. Significant SI and CI engine development occurred during this program within General Motors, LLC over more than five years. In the SI program, several engines were designed and developed that used both a relatively simple multi-lift valve train system and a Fully Flexible Valve Actuation (FFVA) system to enable a Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) combustion process. Many technical challenges, which were unknown at the start of this program, were identified and systematically resolved through analysis, test and development. This report documents the challenges and solutions for each SOPO deliverable. As a result of the project activities, the production viability of the developed clean combustion technologies has been determined. At this time, HCCI combustion for SI engines is not considered production-viable for several reasons. HCCI combustion is excessively sensitive to control variables such as internal dilution level and charge temperature. As a result, HCCI combustion has limited robustness when variables exceed the required narrow ranges determined in this program. HCCI combustion is also not available for the entire range of production engine speeds and loads, (i.e., the dynamic range is limited). Thus, regular SI combustion must be employed for a majority of the full dynamic range of the engine. This degrades the potential fuel economy impact of HCCI combustion. Currently-available combustion control actuators for the simple valve train system engine do not have the authority for continuous air - fuel or torque control for managing the combustion mode transitions between SI and HCCI and thus, require further refinement to meet customer refinement expectations. HCCI combustion control sensors require further development to enable robust long-term HCCI combustion control. Finally, the added technologies required to effectively manage HCCI combustion such as electric cam phasers, central direct fuel injection, cylinder pressure sensing, high-flow exhaust gas recirculation system, etc. add excessive on-engine cost and complexity that erodes the production-viability business

Marriott, Craig; Gonzalez, Manual; Russell, Durrett

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

200

Determination of the dynamic Young's modulus, shear modulus, and internal friction as a function of temperature and microstructure in Uranium - 2.4wt% Niobium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

friction. Techniques and results are discussed, as well as the applicability of techniques and theories to polycrystalline uranium alloys. DEDICATION Dedicated to my father, George Wayne Chancellor: "I thank you for your courage, and your stories..., storage, defense related, and other uses. The already excellent mechanical properties of uranium can be enhanced by alloying uranium with a variety of metals. The list of alloying elements includes titanium, zirconium, molybdenum and niobium [1...

Chancellor, Wayne Morrow

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

International Conference on Engineering Education October 1621, 2004, Gainesville, Florida. The Learning Factory 10 Years of Impact at Penn State  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of engineering majors for lack of hands-on opportunities to satisfy creativity, and graduates lackedInternational Conference on Engineering Education October 16­21, 2004, Gainesville, Florida. 1-industry partnership established to integrate design, manufacturing and business realities into the engineering

Lamancusa, John S.

202

M. Enamul Hossain, L. Lie & M. Rafiqul Islam International Journal of Engineering (IJE), Volume (3): Issue (5), December 2009 458  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Thinning Fluids in Porous Media M. Enamul Hossain menamul@kfupm.edu.sa Department of Petroleum Engineering King of Engineering (IJE), Volume (3): Issue (5), December 2009 459 complexities of the fluid flow in porous mediaM. Enamul Hossain, L. Lie & M. Rafiqul Islam International Journal of Engineering (IJE), Volume (3

Hossain, M. Enamul

203

Micromachine friction test apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A microelectromechanical (MEM) friction test apparatus is disclosed for determining static or dynamic friction in MEM devices. The friction test apparatus, formed by surface micromachining, is based on a friction pad supported at one end of a cantilevered beam, with the friction pad overlying a contact pad formed on the substrate. A first electrostatic actuator can be used to bring a lower surface of the friction pad into contact with an upper surface of the contact pad with a controlled and adjustable force of contact. A second electrostatic actuator can then be used to bend the cantilevered beam, thereby shortening its length and generating a relative motion between the two contacting surfaces. The displacement of the cantilevered beam can be measured optically and used to determine the static or dynamic friction, including frictional losses and the coefficient of friction between the surfaces. The test apparatus can also be used to assess the reliability of rubbing surfaces in MEM devices by producing and measuring wear of those surfaces. Finally, the friction test apparatus, which is small in size, can be used as an in situ process quality tool for improving the fabrication of MEM devices.

deBoer, Maarten P. (Albuquerque, NM); Redmond, James M. (Albuquerque, NM); Michalske, Terry A. (Cedar Crest, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Modeling of reciprocating internal combustion engines for power generation and heat recovery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a power generation and heat recovery model for reciprocating internal combustion engines (ICEs). The purpose of the proposed model is to provide realistic estimates of performance/efficiency maps for both electrical power output and useful thermal output for various capacities of engines for use in a preliminary CHP design/simulation process. The proposed model will serve as an alternative to constant engine efficiencies or empirical efficiency curves commonly used in the current literature for simulations of CHP systems. The engine performance/efficiency calculation algorithm has been coded to a publicly distributed FORTRAN Dynamic Link Library (DLL), and a user friendly tool has been developed using Visual Basic programming. Simulation results using the proposed model are validated against manufacturer’s technical data.

Yun, Kyung Tae; Cho, Heejin; Luck, Rogelio; Mago, Pedro J.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Friction Stir Welding of Lightweight Vehicle Structures: Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between UTBattelle, LLC and Ford Motor Company was to establish friction stir welding (FSW) and friction stir processing as viable options for use in construction of lightweight substructures for trucks and cars, including engine cradles, suspension sub frames, instrument panel supports, and intake manifolds.

Sanella, M.L.

2008-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

206

Proceedings of the ASME 2014 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and solar panel packing. Advances in material science and robotics engineering also enable the realization many practical uses, ranging from folding maps and airbags to packing large solar panel arrays the development of self-folding origami that fold either by reacting to various stimuli such as light [4], heat

Lien, Jyh-Ming

207

Internal combuston engine having separated cylinder head oil drains and crankcase ventilation passages  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An internal combustion engine includes separated oil drain-back and crankcase ventilation passages. The oil drain-back passages extend from the cylinder head to a position below the top level of oil in the engine's crankcase. The crankcase ventilation passages extend from passages formed in the main bearing bulkheads from positions above the oil level in the crankcase and ultimately through the cylinder head. Oil dams surrounding the uppermost portions of the crankcase ventilation passages prevent oil from running downwardly through the crankcase ventilation passages.

Boggs, David Lee (Bloomfield Hills, MI); Baraszu, Daniel James (Plymouth, MI); Foulkes, David Mark (Erfstadt, DE); Gomes, Enio Goyannes (Ann Arbor, MI)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Power system applications engineering intern experience at TRW Controls: an internship report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nifica nt project involved generator dynamics mode ll in g for Hydro and BWR Nuc lear g ener at or s in a Dis pa tcher Tr ai ning S im ul ator and the other was the ge neratio n of software mo dules to validate data cards for a Hydro Electric... for the degree of DOCTOR OF ENG INEERING August 1984 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering POWER SYSTEM APPLICATIONS ENGINEERING INTERN EXPERIENCE AT TRW CONTROLS An Internship Report by CHANDRAKU MA R JOHN BALACHANDRA Approved as to style and content by...

Balachandra, Chandrakumar John

2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

209

Job Title Organization Name Type End Date Job ID Intern -Industrial Engineer Jabil Circuit, Inc. Intern 8/15/2012 36012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/11/2012 36333 Ul/UX Designer Pandera Systems Full-time 9/13/2012 36336 New Positions 5 Testing Engineer North American System Protection Services,LLC Full-time 8/28/2012 36164 Entry Level Solutions Department Raymond James & Associates Intern 7/6/2012 36241 Electrical Engineer/Designer Volt

Meyers, Steven D.

210

Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Data Engineering (ICDE'03) 1063-6382/03 $ 17.00 2003 IEEE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Data Engineering (ICDE'03) 1063-6382/03 $ 17.00 © 2003 IEEE #12;468 Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Data Engineering (ICDE'03) 1063-6382/03 $ 17.00 © 2003 IEEE #12;Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Data Engineering (ICDE'03

Hung, Edward

211

Junior QA Engineer Intern -14895BR -EH QA Engineers are responsible for facilitating the analysis, evaluation, and testing of firmware across multiple platforms.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Junior QA Engineer Intern - 14895BR - EH QA Engineers are responsible for facilitating the analysis, evaluation, and testing of firmware across multiple platforms. · Develop, implement, review ­ C, Java, or other object-oriented programming language acceptable. · Networking experience (L2/L3

Ravikumar, B.

212

Method for reducing peak phase current and decreasing staring time for an internal combustion engine having an induction machine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for reducing the starting time and reducing the peak phase currents for an internal combustion engine that is started using an induction machine starter/alternator. The starting time is reduced by pre-fluxing the induction machine and the peak phase currents are reduced by reducing the flux current command after a predetermined period of time has elapsed and concurrent to the application of the torque current command. The method of the present invention also provides a strategy for anticipating the start command for an internal combustion engine and determines a start strategy based on the start command and the operating state of the internal combustion engine.

Amey, David L. (Birmingham, MI); Degner, Michael W. (Farmington Hills, MI)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Friction Stir Welding of Hydrided Titanium Alloys Mark Taylor, D.P. Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Friction Stir Welding of Hydrided Titanium Alloys Mark Taylor, D.P. Field Multi-Scale Engineering for Undergraduates program under grant number EEC-0754370 During Friction Stir Welding (FSW), a non-consumable tool-state welding process, much frictional heating and force is required of the tool. This steep demand on the tool

Collins, Gary S.

214

Analysis Of Exhaust Emission Of Internal Combustion Engine Using Biodiesel Blend  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract-The main purpose of this research is to study the effect of various blends of an environmental friendly alternative fuel such as biodiesel on the performance of diesel engine. In the Present investigation experimental work has been carried out to analyze the performance and exhaust emission characteristics of a single cylinder internal combustion engine fuelled with biodiesel blend at the different load. In this experiment the biodiesel which is use as a waste cooking oil (WCO) biodiesel.To investigation of the emission characteristics of the engine loads, which is supplied from the alternator. The experiment was carried out different load i.e. (NO LOAD, 100W 200W, 500W, 1000W, 1500W, 2000W, 2500W & 3000Watt) at engine speed 1500 rpm/min. A test was applied in which an engine was fuel with diesel and seven different blends of diesel. Biodiesel (B5, B10, B20, B40, B60, B80, B100) made from waste cooking oil and the results were analyzed.The emission of were measured carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbon carbon(HC), Oxides of nitrogen (NOX) and oxygen ().The experimental results will be compared with biodiesel blends and diesel. The biodiesel results of (WCO) in lower emission of hydro carbon (HC) and (CO) and increase emission of (NO2). This study showed that the results of exhaust emission of biodiesel blends were lower than the diesel fuel. Keyword- Biodiesel (WCO), diesel engine, gas analyzer, Exhaust emission. I.

Suvendu Mohanty; Dr. Om Prakash; Reasearch Scholar

215

A cycle simulation of coal particle fueled reciprocating internal-combustion engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with calculations made by Rich and Walker [12]. Much additional work exists in the literature re- garding more general aspects of coal particle combustion [23-37]. Although these works are not specifically con- cerned with the question of particle combustion...A CYCLE SIMULATION OF COAL PARTICLE FUELED RECIPROCATING INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINES A Thesis by KENNETH HAROLD ROSEGAY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree...

Rosegay, Kenneth Harold

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Internal combustion engine cylinder-to-cylinder balancing with balanced air-fuel ratios  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of balancing combustion among cylinders of an internal combustion engine. For each cylinder, a normalized peak firing pressure is calculated as the ratio of its peak firing pressure to its combustion pressure. Each cylinder's normalized peak firing pressure is compared to a target value for normalized peak firing pressure. The fuel flow is adjusted to any cylinder whose normalized peak firing pressure is not substantially equal to the target value.

Harris, Ralph E.; Bourn, Gary D.; Smalley, Anthony J.

2006-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

217

Skin friction blistering: computer model.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

K. L.Jones, B. H. , Friction blisters. Pathophysiology,and M.B. Sulzberger, The friction blister. Mil Med, 1972.on blisters produced by friction. II. The blister fluid. J

Xing, Malcolm; Pan, Ning; Zhong, Wen; Maibach, Howard

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Internal combustion engine system having a power turbine with a broad efficiency range  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An engine system incorporating an air breathing, reciprocating internal combustion engine having an inlet for air and an exhaust for products of combustion. A centripetal turbine receives products of the combustion and has a housing in which a turbine wheel is rotatable. The housing has first and second passages leading from the inlet to discrete, approximately 180.degree., portions of the circumference of the turbine wheel. The passages have fixed vanes adjacent the periphery of the turbine wheel and the angle of the vanes in one of the passages is different than those in the other so as to accommodate different power levels providing optimum approach angles between the gases passing the vanes and the blades of the turbine wheel. Flow through the passages is controlled by a flapper valve to direct it to one or the other or both passages depending upon the load factor for the engine.

Whiting, Todd Mathew; Vuk, Carl Thomas

2010-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

219

An experimental study of the oil evolution in critical piston ring pack regions and the effects of piston and ring designs in an internal combustion engine utilizing two-dimensional laser induced fluorescence and the impact on maritime economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faced with increasing concern for lubricating, oil consumption and engine friction, it is critical to understand the oil transport mechanisms in the power cylinder system. Lubricating oil travels through distinct regions ...

Vokac, Adam, 1978-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Analysis of a unilateral contact problem taking into account adhesion and friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of a unilateral contact problem taking into account adhesion and friction Elena Bonetti) adhesion and of the friction are taken into account. We describe the adhesion phenomenon in terms conditions, and friction by a nonlocal Coulomb law. All the constraints on the internal variables as well

Rossi, Riccarda

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Analysis of a unilateral contact problem taking into account adhesion and friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of a unilateral contact problem taking into account adhesion and friction Elena Bonetti) adhesion and of the friction are taken into account. We describe the adhesion phenomenon in terms conditions and the friction by a nonlocal Coulomb law. All the constraints on the internal variables as well

Rossi, Riccarda

222

The effects of spark ignition parameters on the lean burn limit of natural gas combustion in an internal combustion engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A full factorial experiment was conducted to determine the effects of internal combustion engine ignition parameters on the air-fuel ratio (A/F) lean limit of combustion with compressed natural gas (CNG). Spark electrical characteristics (voltage...

Chlubiski, Vincent Daniel

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Modeling of contact between liner finish and piston ring in internal combustion engines based on 3D measured surface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When decreasing of fossil fuel supplies and air pollution are two major society problems in the 21st century, rapid growth of internal combustion (IC) engines serves as a main producer of these two problems. In order to ...

Zhao, Qing, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Cooling system of an internal combustion engine having a turbo-charger  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A cooling system of an internal combustion engine is described having a turbo-charger, comprising a cooling water circulation passageway filled with cooling water for cooling the engine including at least a cylinder head cooling portion, a cooling water circulation passageway for cooling the turbo-charger including a turbo-charger cooling portion, and means for supplying a part of the engine cooling water to the turbo-charger cooling water ciruclation passageway and returning it from there to the engine cooling water cirulation passageway, characterized in that the turbo-charger cooling portion is positioned at the same level or higher than the cylinder head cooling portion of the engine, the turbo-charger cooling water circulation passageway includes a water volume positioned at a level higher than the turbo-charger cooling portion. The volume is connected to a cooling water reservoir tank via a pressure relief valve which is opened when pressure in the volume exceeds a predetermined value to supply cooling water to the volume.

Hasegawa, M.; Fukuda, T.

1986-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

225

E-Print Network 3.0 - alloy friction stir Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Young... conditions. Most works on internal friction have been done on dilute solid solution alloys. Some works have... . This is a multi-element alloy prepared by...

226

1 Copyright 2013 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2013 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of intermetallic formation have been reported. One proposed method is by using friction stir welding. This process reaches lower temperatures, and thus may help minimize intermetallic formation [6]. Friction stir welding that there was a very narrow range for working parameters (rotation speed, weld speed). Also, fri

Yao, Y. Lawrence

227

Action of friction Frictional processes are not often considered in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Action of friction Frictional processes are not often considered in any detail in studies are switched off, the pressure falls to just 921mb. Frictional processes can be thought of in terms of changes. The first term on the right­hand­side represents barotropic damping by friction, and the second

Plant, Robert

228

Proceedings of ASME-IMECE'07 2007 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and RD&D Expo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of ASME-IMECE'07 2007 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and RD&D Expo Center for Compact and Efficient Fluid Power Department of Mechanical Engineering University of Minnesota PWM cycle. This constant acceleration and deceleration of the spool requires a power input

Van de Ven, James D.

229

Copyright 2006, Society of Petroleum Engineers This paper was prepared for presentation at the 2006 Abu Dhabi International Petroleum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright 2006, Society of Petroleum Engineers This paper was prepared for presentation at the 2006 Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference held in Abu Dhabi, U.A.E., 5­8 November not been reviewed by the Society of Petroleum Engineers and are subject to correction by the author

Mohaghegh, Shahab

230

1 Copyright 2012 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Copyright © 2012 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall and Combustion Systems ETH Zürich Switzerland ABSTRACT The emission trade-off between soot and NOx is an issue and on the aftertreatment sides in order to optimize the engine emissions while maintaining the highest possible efficiency

Daraio, Chiara

231

Static Friction Phenomena The following static friction phenomena have a direct dependency on velocity.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coulomb Friction Viscous Friction Stribeck Friction Static Friction Phenomena The following static friction phenomena have a direct dependency on velocity. Static Friction Model: Friction force opposes the direction of motion when the sliding velocity is zero. Coulomb Friction Model: Friction force

Simpkins, Alex

232

Status of Stellite 6 friction testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For the past several years, researchers at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, under the sponsorship of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, have been investigating the performance of motor-operated valves subjected to design basis flow and pressure loads. Part of this research addresses the friction that occurs at the interface between the valve disc and the valve body seats during operation of a gate valve. In most gate valves, these surfaces are hardfaced with Stellite 6, a cobalt-based alloy. Analytical methods exist for predicting the thrust needed to operate these valves at specific pressure conditions. To produce accurate valve thrust predictions, the analyst must have a reasonably accurate, though conservative, estimate of the coefficient of friction at the disc-to-seat interface. One of the questions that remains to be answered is whether, and to what extent, aging of the disc and seat surfaces effects the disc-to-seat coefficient of friction. Specifically, does the environment in a nuclear plants piping system cause the accumulation of an oxide film on these surfaces that increases the coefficient of friction; and if so, how great is the increase? This paper presents results of specimen tests addressing this issue, with emphasis on the following: (1) the characteristics and thickness of the oxide film that develops on Stellite 6 as it ages; (2) the change in the friction coefficient of Stellite 6 as it ages, including the question of whether the friction coefficient eventually reaches a plateau; and (3) the effect in-service cycling has on the characteristics and thickness of the oxide film and on the friction coefficient.

Watkins, J.C.; DeWall, K.G. [Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Lab.; Weidenhamer, G.H. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission (United States)

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Friction stir welding tool  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A friction stir welding tool is described and which includes a shank portion; a shoulder portion which is releasably engageable with the shank portion; and a pin which is releasably engageable with the shoulder portion.

Tolle, Charles R. (Idaho Falls, ID); Clark, Denis E. (Idaho Falls, ID); Barnes, Timothy A. (Ammon, ID)

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

234

Integration of Radioisotope Heat Source with Stirling Engine and Cooler for Venus Internal-Structure Mission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary mission goal is to perform long-term seismic measurements on Venus, to study its largely unknown internal structure. The principal problem is that most payload components cannot long survive Venus's harsh environment, 90 bars at 500 degrees C. To meet the mission life goal, such components must be protected by a refrigerated payload bay. JPL Investigators have proposed a mission concept employing a lander with a spherical payload bay cooled to 25 degrees C by a Stirling cooler powered by a radioisotope-heated Sitrling engine. To support JPL's mission study, NASA/Lewis and MTI have proposed a conceptual design for a hydraulically coupled Stirling engine and cooler, and Fairchild Space - with support of the Department of Energy - has proposed a design and integration scheme for a suitable radioisotope heat source. The key integration problem is to devise a simple, light-weight, and reliable scheme for forcing the radioisotope decay heat to flow through the Stirling engine during operation on Venus, but to reject that heat to the external environment when the Stirling engine and cooler are not operating (e.g., during the cruise phase, when the landers are surrounded by heat shields needed for protection during subsequent entry into the Venusian atmosphere.) A design and integration scheme for achieving these goals, together with results of detailed thermal analyses, are described in this paper. There are 7 copies in the file.

Schock, Alfred

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Variable oxygen/nitrogen enriched intake air system for internal combustion engine applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An air supply control system for selectively supplying ambient air, oxygen enriched air and nitrogen enriched air to an intake of an internal combustion engine includes an air mixing chamber that is in fluid communication with the air intake. At least a portion of the ambient air flowing to the mixing chamber is selectively diverted through a secondary path that includes a selectively permeable air separating membrane device due a differential pressure established across the air separating membrane. The permeable membrane device separates a portion of the nitrogen in the ambient air so that oxygen enriched air (permeate) and nitrogen enriched air (retentate) are produced. The oxygen enriched air and the nitrogen enriched air can be selectively supplied to the mixing chamber or expelled to atmosphere. Alternatively, a portion of the nitrogen enriched air can be supplied through another control valve to a monatomic-nitrogen plasma generator device so that atomic nitrogen produced from the nitrogen enriched air can be then injected into the exhaust of the engine. The oxygen enriched air or the nitrogen enriched air becomes mixed with the ambient air in the mixing chamber and then the mixed air is supplied to the intake of the engine. As a result, the air being supplied to the intake of the engine can be regulated with respect to the concentration of oxygen and/or nitrogen.

Poola, Ramesh B. (Woodridge, IL); Sekar, Ramanujam R. (Naperville, IL); Cole, Roger L. (Elmhurst, IL)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Coal-water slurry fuel internal combustion engine and method for operating same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An internal combustion engine fueled with a coal-water slurry is described. About 90 percent of the coal-water slurry charge utilized in the power cycle of the engine is directly injected into the main combustion chamber where it is ignited by a hot stream of combustion gases discharged from a pilot combustion chamber of a size less than about 10 percent of the total clearance volume of main combustion chamber with the piston at top dead center. The stream of hot combustion gases is provided by injecting less than about 10 percent of the total coal-water slurry charge into the pilot combustion chamber and using a portion of the air from the main combustion chamber that has been heated by the walls defining the pilot combustion chamber as the ignition source for the coal-water slurry injected into the pilot combustion chamber.

McMillian, Michael H. (Fairmont, WV)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Method and device for frictional welding  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for friction welding that produces a seal having essentially no gas porosity, comprises two rotationally symmetric, generally cylindrical members, spaced apart and coaxially aligned, that are rotated with respect to each other and brought together under high pressure. One member is preferably a generally cylindrical cannister that stores uranium within its hollow walls. The other member is preferably a generally cylindrical, hollow weld ring. An annular channel formed in the weld ring functions as an internal flash trap and is uniquely designed so that substantially all of the welding flash generated from the friction welding is directed into the channel`s recessed bottom. Also, the channel design limits distortion of the two members during the friction welding, process, further contributing to the complete seal that is obtained.

Peacock, H.B.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Method and device for frictional welding  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is described for friction welding that produces a seal having essentially no gas porosity, comprises two rotationally symmetric, generally cylindrical members, spaced apart and coaxially aligned, that are rotated with respect to each other and brought together under high pressure. One member is preferably a generally cylindrical canister that stores uranium within its hollow walls. The other member is preferably a generally cylindrical, hollow weld ring. An annular channel formed in the weld ring functions as an internal flash trap and is uniquely designed so that substantially all of the welding flash generated from the friction welding is directed into the channel's recessed bottom. Also, the channel design limits distortion of the two members during the friction welding process, further contributing to the complete seal that is obtained. 5 figs.

Peacock, H.B.

1992-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

239

Method and device for frictional welding  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for friction welding that produces a seal having essentially no gas porosity, comprises two rotationally symmetric, generally cylindrical members, spaced apart and coaxially aligned, that are rotated with respect to each other and brought together under high pressure. One member is preferably a generally cylindrical cannister that stores uranium within its hollow walls. The other member is preferably a generally cylindrical, hollow weld ring. An annular channel formed in the weld ring functions as an internal flash trap and is uniquely designed so that substantially all of the welding flash generated from the friction welding is directed into the channel's recessed bottom. Also, the channel design limits distortion of the two members during the friction welding process, further contributing to the complete seal that is obtained.

Peacock, Harold B. (867 N. Belair Rd., Evans, GA 30809)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Wavelet Analysis of Cycle-to-Cycle Pressure Variations in an Internal Combustion Engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using a continuous wavelet transform we have analyzed the cycle-to-cycle variations of pressure in an internal combustion engine. The time series of maximum pressure variations are examined for different loading and their wavelet power spectrum is calculated for each load. From the wavelet power spectrum we detected the presence of long, intermediate and short-term periodicities in the pressure signal. It is found that depending on the load, the long and intermediate-term periodicities may span several cycles, whereas the short-period oscillations tend to appear intermittently. Knowledge of these periodicities may be useful to develop effective control strategies for efficient combustion.

Asok K. Sen; Grzegorz Litak; Rodolfo Taccani; Robert Radu

2006-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Intern experience at Fluor Engineers, Inc., Houston Division: an internship report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Internship Report by BURANAWONG SOWAPRUX Approved as to style and content by: In. Q. A n I t Fox, Jr. Co-Chairman, Advisory Comnittee A. Garcia-Diaz E. E. A. Jansen Co-Chairman Intern Supervisor An Sastri D. T. Ward Member Representative College... to the other committee members, Dr. M.A. Colaluca, Dr. B. Das, Dr. T. Sastri, Dr. D.T. Ward and Dr. G.R. Ferris for their suggestions and support. Deep appreciation is expressed to Mr. E.E.A. Jansen and the management at Fluor Engineers, Inc. - Houston...

Buranawong Sowaprux, 1958-

2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

242

Materials Research Lab -Cooperative International Science and Engineering Internships http://www.mrl.ucsb.edu/mrl/outreach/educational/CISEI/UCSBinterns09/ucsb_09.html[5/10/12 9:38:22 AM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faculty Sponsor Site Abroad Student Project Katelyn Cahill- Thompson Biomedical Engineering, UniversityMaterials Research Lab - Cooperative International Science and Engineering Internships http For Teachers Education Contacts News Cooperative International Science and Engineering Internships Cooperative

Bigelow, Stephen

243

Materials Research Lab -Cooperative International Science and Engineering Internships http://www.mrl.ucsb.edu/mrl/outreach/educational/CISEI/ucsb_06/ucsb_06.html[5/10/12 9:50:23 AM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faculty Sponsor Site Abroad Student Project Samuel Beach UCSB, Electrical and Computer Engineering AndrewMaterials Research Lab - Cooperative International Science and Engineering Internships http For Teachers Education Contacts News Cooperative International Science and Engineering Internships Cooperative

Bigelow, Stephen

244

HCCI engine control and optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

102 xiv LIST OF TABLES Table 1.1: Internal Combustion Engine33] J. B. Heywood. Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals.phenomena in internal combustion engines and rapid

Killingsworth, Nicholas J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Evaluation and silicon nitride internal combustion engine components. Final report, Phase I  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The feasibility of silicon nitride (Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}) use in internal combustion engines was studied by testing three different components for wear resistance and lower reciprocating mass. The information obtained from these preliminary spin rig and engine tests indicates several design changes are necessary to survive high-stress engine applications. The three silicon nitride components tested were valve spring retainers, tappet rollers, and fuel pump push rod ends. Garrett Ceramic Components` gas-pressure sinterable Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} (GS-44) was used to fabricate the above components. Components were final machined from densified blanks that had been green formed by isostatic pressing of GS-44 granules. Spin rig testing of the valve spring retainers indicated that these Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} components could survive at high RPM levels (9,500) when teamed with silicon nitride valves and lower spring tension than standard titanium components. Silicon nitride tappet rollers showed no wear on roller O.D. or I.D. surfaces, steel axles and lifters; however, due to the uncrowned design of these particular rollers the cam lobes indicated wear after spin rig testing. Fuel pump push rod ends were successful at reducing wear on the cam lobe and rod end when tested on spin rigs and in real-world race applications.

Voldrich, W. [Allied-Signal Aerospace Co., Torrance, CA (United States). Garrett Ceramic Components Div.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Realization and Tests of the Highly Granular CALICE Engineering Calorimeter Prototypes, 15th International Conference on Calorimetry in High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Realization and Tests of the Highly Granular CALICE Engineering Calorimeter Prototypes, 15th International Conference on Calorimetry in High Energy Physics

The CALICE Collaboration

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

All are welcome! Mechanical Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanical Engineering Seminar Room ­ E547 Bobbin Friction Stir Welding: Process Optimisation for Joining Wet-Deck Panels in Marine Applications Mohammad Sued, UC ME PhD-cand. Abstract: Friction stir welding (FSW although BFSW process and conventional friction stir welding (CFSW) process are similar but yet

Hickman, Mark

248

Mitigating the effect of siloxanes on internal combustion engines using landfill gasses  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A waste gas combustion method that includes providing a combustible fuel source, in which the combustible fuel source is composed of at least methane and siloxane gas. A sodium source or magnesium source is mixed with the combustible fuel source. Combustion of the siloxane gas of the combustible fuel source produces a silicon containing product. The sodium source or magnesium source reacts with the silicon containing product to provide a sodium containing glass or sodium containing silicate, or a magnesium containing silicate. By producing the sodium containing glass or sodium containing silicate, or the magnesium containing silicate, or magnesium source for precipitating particulate silica instead of hard coating, the method may reduce or eliminate the formation of silica deposits within the combustion chamber and the exhaust components of the internal combustion engine.

Besmann, Theodore M

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

249

Nonlinear friction in quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of nonlinear friction forces in quantum mechanics is studied via dissipative Madelung hydrodynamics. A new thermo-quantum diffusion equation is derived, which is solved for the particular case of quantum Brownian motion with a cubic friction. It is extended also by a chemical reaction term to describe quantum reaction-diffusion systems with nonlinear friction as well.

Roumen Tsekov

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Proceedings of the international workshop on engineering design of next step reversed field pinch devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

These Proceedings contain the formal contributed papers, the workshop papers and workshop summaries presented at the International Workshop on Engineering Design of Next Step RFP Devices held at Los Alamos, July 13-17, 1987. Contributed papers were presented at formal sessions on the topics: (1) physics overview (3 papers); (2) general overview (3 papers); (3) front-end (9 papers); (4) computer control and data acquisition (1 paper); (5) magnetics (5 papers); and (6) electrical design (9 papers). Informal topical workshop sessions were held on the topics: (1) RFP physics (9 papers); (2) front-end (7 papers); (3) magnetics (3 papers); and (4) electrical design (1 paper). This volume contains the summaries written by the Chairmen of each of the informal topical workshop sessions. The papers in these Proceedings represent a significant review of the status of the technical base for the engineering design of the next step RFP devices being developed in the US, Europe, and Japan, as of this date.

Thomson, D.B. (comp.)

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

PEBBLES Simulation of Static Friction and New Static Friction Benchmark  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pebble bed reactors contain large numbers of spherical fuel elements arranged randomly. Determining the motion and location of these fuel elements is required for calculating certain parameters of pebble bed reactor operation. This paper documents the PEBBLES static friction model. This model uses a three dimensional differential static friction approximation extended from the two dimensional Cundall and Strack model. The derivation of determining the rotational transformation of pebble to pebble static friction force is provided. A new implementation for a differential rotation method for pebble to container static friction force has been created. Previous published methods are insufficient for pebble bed reactor geometries. A new analytical static friction benchmark is documented that can be used to verify key static friction simulation parameters. This benchmark is based on determining the exact pebble to pebble and pebble to container static friction coefficients required to maintain a stable five sphere pyramid.

Joshua J. Cogliati; Abderrafi M. Ougouag

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Electric Vehicles Since the invention of the internal combustion engine in 1807 petrol and diesel vehicles have become a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric Vehicles Since the invention of the internal combustion engine in 1807 petrol and diesel and adopted. Electric vehicles (EVs) in particular are leading the charge, with car manufacturers stepping up these vehicles; the current market for electric vehicles; the results from existing pilot project; as well

Hickman, Mark

253

Nitrogen enriched combustion of a natural gas internal combustion engine to reduce NO.sub.x emissions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and system for reducing nitrous oxide emissions from an internal combustion engine. An input gas stream of natural gas includes a nitrogen gas enrichment which reduces nitrous oxide emissions. In addition ignition timing for gas combustion is advanced to improve FCE while maintaining lower nitrous oxide emissions.

Biruduganti, Munidhar S. (Naperville, IL); Gupta, Sreenath Borra (Naperville, IL); Sekar, R. Raj (Naperville, IL); McConnell, Steven S. (Shorewood, IL)

2008-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

254

Proceedings of ASME-IMECE'03 2003 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and RD&D Expo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of ASME-IMECE'03 2003 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and RD&D Expo of the teleoperator and b) bilateral energy transfer between the human and the work en- viroment with a power scaling such that it is passive with respect to the total scaled power input to the device. The single stage and multi

Li, Perry Y.

255

1 Copyright 2009 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Copyright © 2009 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical [6]. It is expected that by 2011, there will be 75 hybrid powertrain models available in the US driver for the purchase of #12;2 Copyright © 2009 by ASME hybrid or electric vehicles when the price

Papalambros, Panos

256

1 Copyright 2008 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2008 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Copyright © 2008 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2008 International Design Engineering Technical human ability to search through leveraging the power of computation to rapidly process information by ASME Evolutionary algorithms (EAs) are used in many applications of computational design synthesis due

257

1 Copyright 20xx by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2007 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Copyright © 20xx by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2007 International Design Engineering Technical. One set of linear non- homogenous ODEs is solved for each power of the perturbation parameter. Each Expanded Features Unlimited Pages #12;2 Copyright © 20xx by ASME single DOF low immersion milling

Bueler, Ed

258

Proceedings of ASME-IMECE'04 2004 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and RD&D Expo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of ASME-IMECE'04 2004 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and RD&D Expo November 13-19, 2004, Anaheim, California USA IMECE2004-60868 DESIGN AND CONTROL OF A HYDRAULIC HUMAN POWER- nary control results for a hydraulically actuated human power amplifier. The system is in the form

Li, Perry Y.

259

Proceedings of ASME 2011 5th International Conference on Energy Sustainability & 9th Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology Conference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of ASME 2011 5th International Conference on Energy Sustainability & 9th Fuel Cell electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) is a promising power source for portable or mobile applications, although. The chemical degra- 1 Copyright © 2011 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2011 9th Fuel Cell Science, Engineering

Stefanopoulou, Anna

260

http://rcc.its.psu.edu/hpc Simulation of In-Cylinder Processes in Internal Combustion Engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

http://rcc.its.psu.edu/hpc Simulation of In-Cylinder Processes in Internal Combustion Engines into clean and efficient turbulent combustion remains imperative. A single grand challenge was identified in a 2006 DOE workshop on clean and efficient combustion of 21st century transportation fuels [1]: "The

Bjørnstad, Ottar Nordal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

The Expro Engineering Sponsorship Programme Expro International Group is an upstream oil and gas sector service company  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Expro Engineering Sponsorship Programme Expro International Group is an upstream oil and gas and process flow from high-value oil and gas wells, from exploration and appraisal through to mature field for the development and delivery of innovative technologies to meet the needs of the oil and gas industry globally

Painter, Kevin

262

International Conference on Engineering for Waste and Biomass Valorisation September 10-13, 2012 Porto, Portugal USE OF AUTO SHREDDER RESIDUES GENERATED BY POST  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4 th International Conference on Engineering for Waste and Biomass Valorisation September 10 defined with the aim at increasing the quantity introduced in the furnaces. hal-01017124,version1-1Jul2014 Author manuscript, published in "4th International Conference on Engineering for Waste and Biomass

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

263

P. Ulloa, "Overview of Food Waste Composting in the U.S." Internal Report, Earth Engineering Center, Columbia University, July 2008.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Columbia University, July 2008. 1 Overview of Food Waste Composting in the U.S. According to the State of Food Waste Composting in the U.S." Internal Report, Earth Engineering Center, Columbia University, July in the U.S." Internal Report, Earth Engineering Center, Columbia University, July 2008. 3 divert food waste

Columbia University

264

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN ENGINEERING Int. J. Numer. Meth. Engng 2007; 70:351378  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-conservative friction force, which represents coupling to an external heat bath and scales the atomic velocities A phonon heat bath approach for the atomistic and multiscale simulation of solids E. G. Karpov1,,, H. S solid as a heat bath. The approach allows bringing together a small and a large crystalline domain

Lin, Xi

265

Symposium of the International Council on Systems Engineering, Vacouver, July 1998. 1 The Application of a Systems Engineering Process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for SEI level 3 certification. Although the organization had been ISO 9001 certified since 1993 and implemented software and systems engineering processes. In this paper, we briefly describe the systems, it was decided that a formal systems engineering process also had to be developed and implemented in order

Laporte, Claude Y.

266

Development and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient HD Engine ...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Discusses engine efficiency contributions of enhanced fuel injection rematched to new piston geometry, improved charge air system, revised base engine components reduce friction...

267

Optimization of Direct-Injection H2 Combustion Engine Performance...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Engine friction Values derived from measurement on multi-cylinder engine Turbo-charger performance Derived from results of turbo-charged multi-cylinder hydrogen...

268

Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated Tropical Cyclone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0 Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated) viewed as a heat engine converts heat energy extracted from the ocean to kinetic energy of the TC, which is eventually dissipated due to surface friction. Since the energy production rate is a linear function while

Wang, Yuqing

269

Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated Tropical Cyclone*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated as a heat engine converts heat energy extracted from the ocean into the kinetic energy of the TC, which is eventually dissipated due to surface friction. Since the energy production rate is a linear function while

Wang, Yuqing

270

Friction surfaced Stellite6 coatings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solid state Stellite6 coatings were deposited on steel substrate by friction surfacing and compared with Stellite6 cast rod and coatings deposited by gas tungsten arc and plasma transferred arc welding processes. Friction surfaced coatings exhibited finer and uniformly distributed carbides and were characterized by the absence of solidification structure and compositional homogeneity compared to cast rod, gas tungsten arc and plasma transferred coatings. Friction surfaced coating showed relatively higher hardness. X-ray diffraction of samples showed only face centered cubic Co peaks while cold worked coating showed hexagonally close packed Co also. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Stellite6 used as coating material for friction surfacing. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Friction surfaced (FS) coatings compared with casting, GTA and PTA processes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Finer and uniformly distributed carbides in friction surfaced coatings. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Absence of melting results compositional homogeneity in FS Stellite6 coatings.

Rao, K. Prasad; Damodaram, R. [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering - Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600 036 (India); Rafi, H. Khalid, E-mail: khalidrafi@gmail.com [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600 036 (India); Ram, G.D. Janaki [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600 036 (India); Reddy, G. Madhusudhan [Metal Joining Group, Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory (DMRL) Kanchanbagh, Hyderabad 500 058 (India); Nagalakshmi, R. [Welding Research Institute, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Tiruchirappalli 620 014 (India)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

271

Friction of wood on steel.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This thesis deals with the experimental description of friction between steel and wood materials, specifically laminated veneer lumber (LVL) and pine wood with two… (more)

Koubek, Radek

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

ENGINEERING AND ECONOMIC APPLICATIONS OF COMPLEMENTARITY PROBLEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENGINEERING AND ECONOMIC APPLICATIONS OF COMPLEMENTARITY PROBLEMS M. C. FERRIS AND J. S. PANG SIAM problems, variational inequalities, frictional contact, structural engineering, economic equilibria, the subject of complementarity problems, with its diverse applications in engineering, economics, and sciences

Ferris, Michael C.

273

HCCI engine control and optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

102 xiv LIST OF TABLES Table 1.1: Internal Combustion Enginephenomena in internal combustion engines and rapid33] J. B. Heywood. Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals.

Killingsworth, Nicholas J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Cold start fuel management of port-fuel-injected internal combustion engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this study is to investigate how changes in fueling strategy in the second cycle of engine operation influence the delivered charge fuel mass and engine out hydrocarbon (EOHC) emissions in that and subsequent ...

Cuseo, James M. (James Michael)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

In situ control of lubricant properties for reduction of power cylinder friction through thermal barrier coating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lowering lubricant viscosity to reduce friction generally carries a side effect of increased metal-metal contact in mixed or boundary lubrication, for example near top ring reversal along the engine cylinder liner. A ...

Molewyk, Mark Allen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

1 Copyright 2012 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2012 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conferences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Engineering Conferences MSEC2012 June 4-8, 2012, Notre Dame, Indiana, USA MSEC2012-7232 RAPID MANUFACTURING

Chen, Yong

277

Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Software Engineering and Artificial Intelligence for High Energy and Nuclear Physics, eds. B. Denby and D. PerretGallix, International Journal of Modern  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intelligence for High Energy and Nuclear Physics, eds. B. Denby and D. Perret­Gallix, International Journal on Software Engineering and Artificial Intelligence for High Energy and Nuclear Physics, Pisa, Italy, April 3

Peterson, Carsten

278

Bar-Halo Friction in Galaxies II: Metastability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is well-established that strong bars rotating in dense halos generally slow down as they lose angular momentum to the halo through dynamical friction. Angular momentum exchanges between the bar and halo particles take place at resonances. While some particles gain and others lose, friction arises when there is an excess of gainers over losers. This imbalance results from the generally decreasing numbers of particles with increasing angular momentum, and friction can therefore be avoided if there is no gradient in the density of particles across the major resonances. Here we show that anomalously weak friction can occur for this reason if the pattern speed of the bar fluctuates upwards. After such an event, the density of resonant halo particles has a local inflexion created by the earlier exchanges, and bar slowdown can be delayed for a long period; we describe this as a metastable state. We show that this behavior in purely collisionless N-body simulations is far more likely to occur in methods with adaptive resolution. We also show that the phenomenon could arise in nature, since bar-driven gas inflow could easily raise the bar pattern speed enough to reach the metastable state. Finally, we demonstrate that mild external, or internal, perturbations quickly restore the usual frictional drag, and it is unlikely therefore that a strong bar in a galaxy having a dense halo could rotate for a long period without friction.

J. A. Sellwood; Victor P. Debattista

2005-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

279

Elastic model of dry friction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Friction of elastic bodies is connected with the passing through the metastable states that arise at the contact of surfaces rubbing against each other. Three models are considered that give rise to the metastable states. Friction forces and their dependence on the pressure are calculated. In Appendix A, the contact problem of elasticity theory is solved with adhesion taken into account.

Larkin, A. I.; Khmelnitskii, D. E., E-mail: dekl2@cam.ac.uk [Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics (Russian Federation)

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

280

Undergraduate Civil Engineering Civil Engineering is an international profession that provides solutions for pressing societal challenges for both  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, sustainable energy, efficient mobility, and sequestered or treated waste. They transform wastelands and the public. Their work may extend to biotechnology to support environmental restoration, and to materials in the consumption of resources. At Northwestern, the Civil Engineering curriculum has been designed to satisfy

Staum, Jeremy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Plasmatron Fuel Reformer Development and Internal Combustion...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Plasmatron Fuel Reformer Development and Internal Combustion Engine Vehicle Applications Plasmatron Fuel Reformer Development and Internal Combustion Engine Vehicle Applications...

282

International technology transfer to accomplish process engineering designs for power plants .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Engineering design capabilities are highly specialised skills and are often begot through a number of years in a field of specialisation, the research’s aim is… (more)

Moganelwa, Annikie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Symposium of the International Council on Systems Engineering, Brighton, U.K., 1999. 1 Implementing Risk Management as part of a Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The organization has been ISO 9001 certified since 1993. In 1997, the organization has also been assessed as CMMSymposium of the International Council on Systems Engineering, Brighton, U.K., 1999. 1 Implementing@oerlikon.ca ABSTRACT During the last five years, Oerlikon Aerospace developed and implemented engineering processes

Laporte, Claude Y.

284

Proceedings of IMECE'02 2002 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

engines. Tran- sient behavior is on of the key requirements for the success of fuel cell vehicles CAR" confirm an interest in developing fuel cell vehicles from both the government and automobile as conventional engine. Transient behavior is one of the key requirements for the suc- cess of fuel cell vehicles

Stefanopoulou, Anna

285

Proceedings of IMECE '03 2003 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

November 15-21, 2003, Washington, D.C. USA IMECE2003-41966 CYCLE-TO-CYCLE CONTROL OF HCCI ENGINES Gregory M Compression Ignition (HCCI) represents a promising combustion strategy for future engines. When achieved by rein- ducting exhaust gas with a variable valve actuation (VVA) sys- tem, however, HCCI possesses

Shaver, Gregory M.

286

Intern experience at Walton & Associates/Consulting Engineers, Inc.: an internship report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the author was Vice-President of WACE and Head of the Transportation Engineering and Civil Engineering Divisions of the firm. In the middle of 1982, he was appointed as the Chief Operating Officer of WACE. The author was responsible for twenty...

Blaschke, J. D. (Joseph D.)

2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

287

Department of Software and IT Engineering The Application of International Standards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Centers and Initiatives for SMEs and VSEs · Europe ­ Ireland - Centre for Software Process Technologies · Software Engineering · Information Technology · Programs in other Disciplines Engineering School - �cole de to 100 5401 to 25 Number of Software Enterprises Number of employees · European Union ­ 99.8 % are SMEs

Laporte, Claude Y.

288

Pressure-time characterization of an internal combustion engine with sinusoidal piston travel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A unique engine configuration called the Stiller-Smith Engine creates a nonconventional pressure versus time response due to the sinusoidal nature of the motion-conversion mechanism. The differences in response are due in part to the utilization of stock piston/cylinder assemblies for engineering prototypes, and the elimination of piston dwell. If all other engine considerations were equal, fuel conversion criteria would at this stage of development favor the slider-crank, but newly identified design and dynamic characteristics of the sinusoidal engine may shift the balance. To understand the differences in potential power, several analytical procedures and experimental tests have been designed to determine the changes in combustion pressure due to sinusoidal piston travel. The experimental results from these test are presented along with a qualitative analysis for future piston/cylinder design requirements.

Smith, J.; Churchill, R.; Woodrow, G.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Implications of Strong-Rate-Weakening Friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Implications of Strong-Rate- Weakening Friction for the Length-Scale Dependence of the Strength · Rapid transitions between high static friction and very low dynamic friction · Leads to slip-pulse rupture · Slip pulses are extremely localized and have strong positive feedback between friction and slip

Greer, Julia R.

290

Modelling of friction stir welding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis investigates the modelling of friction stir welding (FSW). FSW is a relatively new welding process where a rotating non-consumable tool is used to join two materials through high temperature deformation. The aim of the thesis...

Colegrove, Paul Andrew

291

Rubber friction and tire dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a simple rubber friction law, which can be used, e.g., in models of tire (and vehicle) dynamics. The friction law is tested by comparing numerical results to the full rubber friction theory (B.N.J. Persson, J. Phys.: Condensed Matter 18, 7789 (2006)). Good agreement is found between the two theories. We describe a two-dimensional (2D) tire model which combines the rubber friction model with a simple mass-spring description of the tire body. The tire model is very flexible and can be used to calculate accurate mu-slip (and the self-aligning torque) curves for braking and cornering or combined motion (e.g., braking during cornering). We present numerical results which illustrate the theory. Simulations of Anti-Blocking System (ABS) braking are performed using two simple control algorithms.

B. N. J. Persson

2010-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

292

International Minor in Engineering: Scandinavian Studies Language: maximum of 12 semester hours # of sem hours  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

semester hours including one 300- or 400-level course and one Political Science/Economics course FR 418 and European Cinema 3 492 New Scandinavian Cinema 3 496 Special Topics in Scandinavian Studies Political Science/Economics Courses: ACE 451 Economics of International Development 3 455 International

Lee, Tonghun

293

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, ICED11 15 -18 AUGUST 2011, TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF DENMARK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

which was led in an international company dealing with hydraulic power plant machine design. It exposes organization builds and provides various ranges of Turbines/Generator on the international market in order of products since each sold turbine/generator is specific and must answer to new customer expectations

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

294

ENGINEERING  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ENGINEERING the Future of ENERGY Regional University Alliance National Energy Technology Laboratory Office of Research and Development The Future of Energy The time to redraw...

295

Investigation of spark discharge processes and ignition systems for spark-ignited internal combustion engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

includes an evaluation of the various types of conventional as well as high-energy ignition systems for lean burn engines. An experimental ignition system was constructed to determine the effect of ignition energy, spark plug electrode geometry and gas...

Khare, Yogesh Jayant

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Intern experience at Walter P. Moore & Associates, consulting engineers: a report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering A Report by FRANCISCO XAVIER ARGUELLO CARAZO August 1979 A report on an Internship Experience at Walter P. Moore & Associates, Consulting Engineers. (August 1979) Francisco Xavier Arguello Carazo, C.E., National University of Nicaragua; M.... WEST LOOP OFFICE BUILDING........................ 10 b. BAY DESIGN GARAGE................................ 14 c. BLOCK 130, HOUSTON C E NTER........................ 17 d. TEN-TEN GARAGE INFORMATION........................ 20 2. Basis for Final...

Arguello Carazo, Francisco Xavier, 1953-

2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

297

Performance, Efficiency, and Emissions Characterization of Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines Fueled with Hydrogen/Natural Gas Blends  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrogen is an attractive fuel source not only because it is abundant and renewable but also because it produces almost zero regulated emissions. Internal combustion engines fueled by compressed natural gas (CNG) are operated throughout a variety of industries in a number of mobile and stationary applications. While CNG engines offer many advantages over conventional gasoline and diesel combustion engines, CNG engine performance can be substantially improved in the lean operating region. Lean operation has a number of benefits, the most notable of which is reduced emissions. However, the extremely low flame propagation velocities of CNG greatly restrict the lean operating limits of CNG engines. Hydrogen, however, has a high flame speed and a wide operating limit that extends into the lean region. The addition of hydrogen to a CNG engine makes it a viable and economical method to significantly extend the lean operating limit and thereby improve performance and reduce emissions. Drawbacks of hydrogen as a fuel source, however, include lower power density due to a lower heating value per unit volume as compared to CNG, and susceptibility to pre-ignition and engine knock due to wide flammability limits and low minimum ignition energy. Combining hydrogen with CNG, however, overcomes the drawbacks inherent in each fuel type. Objectives of the current study were to evaluate the feasibility of using blends of hydrogen and natural gas as a fuel for conventional natural gas engines. The experiment and data analysis included evaluation of engine performance, efficiency, and emissions along with detailed in-cylinder measurements of key physical parameters. This provided a detailed knowledge base of the impact of using hydrogen/natural gas blends. A four-stroke, 4.2 L, V-6 naturally aspirated natural gas engine coupled to an eddy current dynamometer was used to measure the impact of hydrogen/natural gas blends on performance, thermodynamic efficiency and exhaust gas emissions in a reciprocating four stroke cycle engine. The test matrix varied engine load and air-to-fuel ratio at throttle openings of 50% and 100% at equivalence ratios of 1.00 and 0.90 for hydrogen percentages of 10%, 20% and 30% by volume. In addition, tests were performed at 100% throttle opening, with an equivalence ratio of 0.98 and a hydrogen blend of 20% to further investigate CO emission variations. Data analysis indicated that the use of hydrogen/natural gas fuel blend penalizes the engine operation with a 1.5 to 2.0% decrease in torque, but provided up to a 36% reduction in CO, a 30% reduction in NOX, and a 5% increase in brake thermal efficiency. These results concur with previous results published in the open literature. Further reduction in emissions can be obtained by retarding the ignition timing.

Kirby S. Chapman; Amar Patil

2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

298

Engineering  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engineering A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Aamodt, Tor - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of British Columbia Aazhang, Behnaam -...

299

ENHANCED IGNITION FOR I.C. ENGINES WITH PREMIXED CHARGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Igniter for Internal Combustion Engines," SAE Paper 760764.Emissions from an Internal Combustion Engine,'' Combusti and11 Laser Ignited Internal Combustion Engine -An Experimental

Dale, J.D.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

An Experimental Based Investigation of Oxycombustion in an SI Engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

et al. 2011), and internal combustion engines (Bilger and WuJohn B. (1988). Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals. NewReciprocat- ing Internal Combustion Engines”. In: Innovative

Van Blarigan, Andrew Charles

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

An Experimental Based Investigation of Oxycombustion in an SI Engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

John B. (1988). Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals. NewReciprocat- ing Internal Combustion Engines”. In: InnovativeCoefficient in the Internal Combustion Engine”. In: SAE

Van Blarigan, Andrew Charles

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Analytical Framework to Evaluate Emission Control Systems for Marine Engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reciprocation internal combustion engines - Exhaust emissionReciprocating internal combustion engines - Exhaust emissionOn the emissions from internal-combustion engines: A review.

Jayaram, Varalakshmi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Friction Anisotropy: A unique and intrinsic property of decagonal quasicrystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quasi-Crystalline Low-Friction Coatings. Journal ofContact Mechanics, Friction and Adhesion with Application toEds. ), Fundamentals of Friction and Wear, Springer Berlin

Park, Jeong Young

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Epistemic Friction: Reflections on Knowledge, Truth, and Logic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ARTICLE Epistemic Friction: Re?ections on Knowledge, Truth,requires both freedom and friction. Freedom to set up ourprograms, etc. , and friction (constraint) coming from two

Sher, Gila

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Integrated Advanced Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engine System for Increased Utilization of Gaseous Opportunity Fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The project is addressing barriers to or opportunities for increasing distributed generation (DG)/combined heat and power (CHP) use in industrial applications using renewable/opportunity fuels. This project brings together novel gas quality sensor (GQS) technology with engine management for opportunity fuels such as landfill gas, digester gas and coal bed methane. By providing the capability for near real-time monitoring of the composition of these opportunity fuels, the GQS output can be used to improve the performance, increase efficiency, raise system reliability, and provide improved project economics and reduced emissions for engines used in distributed generation and combined heat and power.

Pratapas, John; Zelepouga, Serguei; Gnatenko, Vitaliy; Saveliev, Alexei; Jangale, Vilas; Li, Hailin; Getz, Timothy; Mather, Daniel

2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

306

Friction between Ring Polymer Brushes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Friction between ring-polymer brushes at melt densities sliding past each other are studied using extensive course-grained molecular dynamics simulations and scaling arguments, and the results are compared to the friction between linear-polymer brushes. We show that for a velocity range spanning over three decades, the frictional forces measured for ring-polymer brushes are half the corresponding friction in case of linear brushes. In the linear-force regime, the weak inter-digitation of two ring brushes compared to linear brushes also leads to a lower number of binary collisions between the monomers of opposing brushes. At high velocities, where the thickness of the inter-digitation layer between two opposing brushes is on the order monomer size regardless of brush topology, stretched segments of ring polymers take a double-stranded conformation. As a result, monomers of the double-stranded segments collide less with the monomers of the opposing ring brush even though a similar number of monomers occupies the inter-digitation layer for ring and linear-brush bilayers. The numerical data obtained from our simulations is consistent with the proposed scaling analysis. Conformation-dependent frictional reduction observed in ring brushes can have important consequences in non-equilibrium bulk systems.

A. Erbas; J. Paturej

2015-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

307

QUALITY AND RELIABILITY ENGINEERING INTERNATIONAL Qual. Reliab. Engng. Int. (in press)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conventional SPC charts, which rely on the independence assumption, to monitor autocorrelated processes Experiment: The Markov-based SPC Approach Gonen Singer and Irad Ben-Gal, Department of Industrial Engineering to promote the idea of statistical process control (SPC). The popular example illustrates

Ben-Gal, Irad E.

308

Proceedings of OMAE08 27th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(second-order) waves for estimating loads on an offshore wind turbine, with a focus on the fore-aft tower the influence of al- ternative wave models on the behavior of wind turbines (e.g., on the tower response OF LONG-TERM OFFSHORE WIND TURBINE LOADS P. Agarwal Dept. of Civil, Arch., and Env. Engineering University

Manuel, Lance

309

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN ENGINEERING Int. J. Numer. Meth. Engng 2008; 76:11591184  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and localized heat Dong Qian1,,, Thomas Eason2, Shaofan Li3 and Wing Kam Liu4 1Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0072, U.S.A. 2Air Force Research Laboratory, Air structures subjected to combined mechanical and thermal loads. The coupling effects of mechanical deformation

Li, Shaofan

310

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN ICED 05 MELBOURNE, AUGUST 15-18, 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Knowledge Management, research organisations, quality management 1 Introduction and objectives Knowledge Management Systems (KMS) have been developed in Engineering Design activities in order to improve of Knowledge Management Systems on firm activities. At least we will propose a method to monitor the impact

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

311

Intern experience at Exxon Research and Engineering Company: an internship report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.......................................ix List of Attachments......................................... x Introduction .................................................. 1 Objectives The Internship Organization Exxon Project Management Practices .......................... 12 Introduction... .......................................................... 98 ix LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Page Figure 1 - EE Provides Project Services to Exxon Affiliates....................................... 64 Figure 2 - Exxon Engineering Organization Chart ........... 65 Figure 3 - Quality Control Division...

Bridges, George A., 1956-

2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

312

Friction coefficients of sorghum grain on steel, teflon, and concrete surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FRICTION COEFFICIENTS OF SORGHUM GRAIN ON STEEL, TEFLON, AND CONCRETE SURFACES A Thesis By QUAZI ANWAR HOSSAIN Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A6M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE January 1967 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering FRICTION COEFFICIENTS OF SORGHUM GRMN ON STEEL, TEFLON, AND CONCRETE SURFACES A Thesis By QUAZI ANWAR HOSSAIN Approved as to style and content by: (Chairma Com ' ee) ead o D'epart nt...

Hossain, Quazi A

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

An XFEM Model for Carbon Sequestration Journal: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PeerReview Only An XFEM Model for Carbon Sequestration Journal: International Journal for Numerical method, Carbon Sequestration, Multiphase flow, XFEM, Multifield systems, Petrov-Galerkin httpScience (www.interscience.wiley.com). DOI: 10.1002/nme An XFEM Model for Carbon Sequestration Chris Ladubec

Gracie, Robert

314

Method and device for diagnosing and controlling combustion instabilities in internal combustion engines operating in or transitioning to homogeneous charge combustion ignition mode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This invention is a method of achieving stable, optimal mixtures of HCCI and SI in practical gasoline internal combustion engines comprising the steps of: characterizing the combustion process based on combustion process measurements, determining the ratio of conventional and HCCI combustion, determining the trajectory (sequence) of states for consecutive combustion processes, and determining subsequent combustion process modifications using said information to steer the engine combustion toward desired behavior.

Wagner, Robert M [Knoxville, TN; Daw, Charles S [Knoxville, TN; Green, Johney B [Knoxville, TN; Edwards, Kevin D [Knoxville, TN

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

315

Vacuum friction in rotating particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the frictional torque acting on particles rotating in empty space. At zero temperature, vacuum friction transforms mechanical energy into light emission and produces particle heating. However, particle cooling relative to the environment occurs at finite temperatures and low rotation velocities. Radiation emission is boosted and its spectrum significantly departed from a hot-body emission profile as the velocity increases. Stopping times ranging from hours to billions of years are predicted for materials, particle sizes, and temperatures accessible to experiment. Implications for the behavior of cosmic dust are discussed.

A. Manjavacas; F. J. García de Abajo

2010-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

316

Engines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This invention relates to Stirling engines and to improved methods of operation whereby catalytic oxidation of a major proportion of the fuel takes place in the external combustor. An external combustion unit of a Stirling engine comprises a catalytic combustor having a thermally stable and oxidation resistant monolith made from and/or carrying a catalytic material and including a multiplicity of flow paths for catalytic combustion of combustible gases and injected fuel. The use of a catalytic combustor in accordance with this invention enables a Stirling or other engine fitted therewith to be used in areas such as mines and underwater installations where conventional flame combustion is impracticable or is controlled by stringent regulations.

Enga, B.E.

1981-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

317

PRODUCTION, STORAGE AND PROPERTIES OF HYDROGEN AS INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE FUEL: A CRITICAL REVIEW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the age of ever increasing energy demand, hydrogen may play a major role as fuel. Hydrogen can be used as a transportation fuel, whereas neither nuclear nor solar energy can be used directly. The blends of hydrogen and ethanol have been used as alternative renewable fuels in a carbureted spark ignition engine. Hydrogen has very special properties as a transportation fuel, including a rapid burning speed, a high effective octane number, and no toxicity or ozone-forming potential. A stoichiometric hydrogen–air mixture has very low minimum ignition energy of 0.02 MJ. Combustion product of hydrogen is clean, which consists of water and a little amount of nitrogen oxides (NOx). The main drawbacks of using hydrogen as a transportation fuel are huge on-board storage tanks. Hydrogen stores approximately 2.6 times more energy per unit mass than gasoline. The disadvantage is that it needs an estimated 4 times more volume than gasoline to store that energy. The production and the storage of hydrogen fuel are not yet fully standardized. The paper reviews the different production techniques as well as storage systems of hydrogen to be used as IC engine fuel. The desirable and undesirable properties of hydrogen as IC engine fuels have also been discussed.

318

Engineering  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing Zirconia NanoparticlesSmart GrocerDepartment ofEngineer HonoredEngineering

319

The Power of Friction: Quantifying the ``Goodness'' of Frictional Grasps \\Lambda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Power of Friction: Quantifying the ``Goodness'' of Frictional Grasps \\Lambda Marek Teichmann of fingers, coefficient of friction and the the goodness of a grasp. In particular, we give a general framework for defining a grasp metric that takes friction into account. Our approach rectifies a flaw

Mishra, Bud

320

Engineering Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering Engineering Technology & A T P E N N S T A T E 2 0 1 0 ­ 2 0 1 1 #12;2 Join us at penn state! Since 1896, Penn State has been a leader in engineering and engineering technology education varieties of engineering and engineering technology majors found anywhere in the United States. This means

Maroncelli, Mark

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Automotive friction-induced noises A. Elmaiana  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automotive friction-induced noises A. Elmaiana , J.-M. Duffala , F. Gautiera , C. Pezeratb and J, France 3143 #12;Friction-induced noises are numerous in the automotive field. They also involve a large friction-induced noises with simple structures and automotive materials. Qualitative sensitivity studies

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

322

Pulling by Pushing, Slip with Infinite Friction,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pulling by Pushing, Slip with Infinite Friction, and Perfectly Rough Surfaces Kevin M. Lynch the two objects even with an infinite coefficient of friction. Thus the common conception that infinite friction prevents slip is in error. This paper shows examples of the phenomena with both quasi

323

The friction of wrinkles Hamid Mohammadi1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The friction of wrinkles Hamid Mohammadi1 and Martin H. M¨user2 1 Dept. of Applied Mathematics pattern has asymmetries not present in the counterbody. The instabilities then cause Coulomb's friction Likewise, the presence of friction - as observed for the much investigated keratocytes on silicon rubber15

Mueser, Martin

324

TBM tunnel friction values for the Grizzly Powerhouse Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tunnel boring machine (TBM) driven water conveyance tunnels are becoming increasingly more common. Despite advances in tunnel engineering and construction technology, hydraulic performance data for TBM driven tunnels remains relatively unavailable. At the Grizzly Powerhouse Project, the TBM driven water conveyance tunnel was designed using friction coefficients developed from a previous PG&E project. A range of coefficients were selected to bound the possible hydraulic performance variations of the water conveyance system. These friction coefficients, along with the water conveyance systems characteristics, and expected turbine characteristics, were used in a hydraulic transient analysis to determine the expected system pressure fluctuations, and surge chamber performance. During startup test data, these performance characteristics were measured to allow comparison to the original design assumptions. During construction of the tunnel, plaster casts were made of the actual excavated tunnel unlined and fiber reinforced shotcrete lined surfaces. These castings were used to measure absolute roughness of the surfaces so that a friction coefficient could be developed using the Moody diagram and compare them against the design values. This paper compares the assumed frictional coefficient with computed coefficients from headlosses measured during startup testing, and plaster cast measurement calculations. In addition, a comparison of coefficients will be presented for an other TBM driven water conveyance tunnel constructed in the 1980`s.

Stutsman, R.D. [Ensign & Buckley Consulting Engineers, Larkspur, CA (United States); Rothfuss, B.D. [Pacific Gas and Electric Co., San Francisco, CA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

325

Tool Wear in Friction Drilling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study investigated the wear of carbide tools used in friction drilling, a nontraditional hole-making process. In friction drilling, a rotating conical tool uses the heat generated by friction to soften and penetrate a thin workpiece and create a bushing without generating chips. The wear of a hard tungsten carbide tool used for friction drilling a low carbon steel workpiece has been investigated. Tool wear characteristics were studied by measuring its weight change, detecting changes in its shape with a coordinate measuring machine, and making observations of wear damage using scanning electron microscopy. Energy dispersive spectroscopy was applied to analyze the change in chemical composition of the tool surface due to drilling. In addition, the thrust force and torque during drilling and the hole size were measured periodically to monitor the effects of tool wear. Results indicate that the carbide tool is durable, showing minimal tool wear after drilling 11000 holes, but observations also indicate progressively severe abrasive grooving on the tool tip.

Miller, Scott F [ORNL; Blau, Peter Julian [ORNL; Shih, Albert J. [University of Michigan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Friction forces in cosmological models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the dynamics of test particles undergoing friction forces in a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) spacetime. The interaction with the background fluid is modeled by introducing a Poynting-Robertson-like friction force in the equations of motion, leading to measurable (at least in principle) deviations of the particle trajectories from geodesic motion. The effect on the peculiar velocities of the particles is investigated for various equations of state of the background fluid and different standard cosmological models. The friction force is found to have major effects on particle motion in closed FRW universes, where it turns the time-asymptotic value (approaching the recollapse) of the peculiar particle velocity from ultra-relativistic (close to light speed) to a co-moving one, i.e., zero peculiar speed. On the other hand, for open or flat universes the effect of the friction is not so significant, because the time-asymptotic peculiar particle speed is largely non-relativistic also in the geodesic case.

Donato Bini; Andrea Geralico; Daniele Gregoris; Sauro Succi

2014-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

327

8th International Special Session on Current Trends in Numerical Simulation for Parallel Engineering Environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In today's world, the use of parallel programming and architectures is essential for simulating practical problems in engineering and related disciplines. Significant progress in CPU architecture (multi- and many-core CPUs, SMT, transactional memory, virtualization support, shared caches etc.) system scalability, and interconnect technology, continues to provide new opportunities, as well as new challenges for both system architects and software developers. These trends are paralleled by progress in algorithms, simulation techniques, and software integration from multiple disciplines. In its 8th year, ParSim continues to build a bridge between application disciplines and computer science and to help fostering closer cooperations between these fields. Since its successful introduction in 2002, ParSim has established itself as an integral part of the EuroPVM/MPI conference series. In contrast to traditional conferences, emphasis is put on the presentation of up-to-date results with a short turn-around time. We believe that this offers a unique opportunity to present new aspects in this dynamic field and discuss them with a wide, interdisciplinary audience. The EuroPVM/MPI conference series, as one of the prime events in parallel computation, serves as an ideal surrounding for ParSim. This combination enables participants to present and discuss their work within the scope of both the session and the host conference. This year, five papers from authors in five countries were submitted to Par-Sim, and we selected three of them. They cover a range of different application fields including mechanical engineering, material science, and structural engineering simulations. We are confident that this resulted in an attractive special session and that this will be an informal setting for lively discussions as well as for fostering new collaborations. Several people contributed to this event. Thanks go to Jack Dongarra, the EuroPVM/MPI general chair, and to Jan Westerholm, Juha Fagerholm and Jussi Heikonen, the PC chairs, for their encouragement and support to continue the ParSim series at EuroPVM/MPI 2009. We would also like to thank the numerous reviewers, who provided us with their reviews in such a short amount of time (in most cases in just a few days) and thereby helped us to maintain the tight schedule. Last, but certainly not least, we would like to thank all those who took the time to submit papers and hence made this event possible in the first place. We are confident that this session will fulfill its purpose to provide new insights from both the engineering and the computer science side and encourages interdisciplinary exchange of ideas and cooperations, and that this will continue ParSim's tradition at EuroPVM/MPI.

Trinitis, C; Bader, M; Schulz, M

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

328

WTEC Panel Report on International Assessment of Research and Development in Simulation-Based Engineering and Science  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This WTEC panel report assesses the international research and development activities in the field of Simulation- Based Engineering and Science (SBE&S). SBE&S involves the use of computer modeling and simulation to solve mathematical formulations of physical models of engineered and natural systems. SBE&S today has reached a level of predictive capability that it now firmly complements the traditional pillars of theory and experimentation/observation. As a result, computer simulation is more pervasive today – and having more impact – than at any other time in human history. Many critical technologies, including those to develop new energy sources and to shift the cost-benefit factors in healthcare, are on the horizon that cannot be understood, developed, or utilized without simulation. A panel of experts reviewed and assessed the state of the art in SBE&S as well as levels of activity overseas in the broad thematic areas of life sciences and medicine, materials, and energy and sustainability; and in the crosscutting issues of next generation hardware and algorithms; software development; engineering simulations; validation, verification, and uncertainty quantification; multiscale modeling and simulation; and SBE&S education. The panel hosted a U.S. baseline workshop, conducted a bibliometric analysis, consulted numerous experts and reports, and visited 59 institutions and companies throughout East Asia and Western Europe to explore the active research projects in those institutions, the computational infrastructure used for the projects, the funding schemes that enable the research, the collaborative interactions among universities, national laboratories, and corporate research centers, and workforce needs and development for SBE&S.

Glotzer, S. C.; Kim, S.; Cummings, P. T.; Deshmukh, A.; Head-Gordon, M.; Karniadakis, G.; Petzold, L.; Sagui, C.; Shinozuka, M.

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

329

HCCI engine control and optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Internal Combustion Engine Comparison Engine E?ciency Emissionsinternal combustion engine technology exists that has the potential to substantially improve e?ciency and reduce vehicle emissions,

Killingsworth, Nicholas J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

International Conference on Mechanical Engineering, December 26-28, 2001, Dhaka, Bangladesh/pp. IV 37-40 Section IV: Fluid Mechanics 37  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/pp. IV 37-40 Section IV: Fluid Mechanics 37 ROLES OF PRESSURE AND FLOW RATE IN DEFINING THE RADIUS-28 Section IV: Fluid Mechanics 38 Hurst et al. (1961) introduced a radius of drainage formula. This formula4th International Conference on Mechanical Engineering, December 26-28, 2001, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Hossain, M. Enamul

331

Appears in Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Economics-Driven Software Engineering Research (EDSER 2002), Orlando, Florida Macro and Micro Perspectives on Strategic Software  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Appears in Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Economics-Driven Software Engineering our research work on test case prioritization based on boundary value coverage to tackle strategic SQA Research (EDSER 2002), Orlando, Florida Macro and Micro Perspectives on Strategic Software Quality

Xie, Tao

332

Mechanical Energy and Power Systems Laboratory Mechanical Energy and Power Systems Laboratory Proceedings of the ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Conference and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanical Energy and Power Systems Laboratory Mechanical Energy and Power Systems Laboratory Proceedings of the ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Conference and Exposition ASME/IMECE 2009 Copyright c 2009 by ASME Dr. James D. Van de Ven #12;seal, and several of it's important variables.C(3

Van de Ven, James D.

333

International Conference on e-Learning and the Knowledge Society -e-Learning'09 Designing a Decision Engine for Adaptive Training Simulators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-person learning (by doing, exploring, and discovery) [3]. Having incorporated simulations in the training processInternational Conference on e-Learning and the Knowledge Society - e-Learning'09 - - Designing a Decision Engine for Adaptive Training Simulators Aneliya Ivanova, Elena Yakimova Abstract: The paper

Borissova, Daniela

334

Engineering  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing Zirconia NanoparticlesSmart GrocerDepartment ofEngineer Honored

335

Engineering  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Region service area. TheEPSCI Home It is Partnershipsn eEngineering

336

In this research project I will design and build a demo model of Professor Sun's patented camless valve actuator device. Modern internal combustion engines rely on valves in each  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

valve actuator device. Modern internal combustion engines rely on valves in each cylinder to open, they can be programmed to allow much more efficiency in the combustion cycle at any engine speed, with any the engine and instead replaces it with electronic actuators that can be precisely controlled by the onboard

Minnesota, University of

337

Evaluation of Sialon internal combustion engine components and fabrication of several ceramic components for automotive applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fabrication development work was carried out on a push-rod tip having a stepped OD design and a 90[degree] shoulder in the transition area. Spray-dried Sialon premix was used in dry press tooling, and components were densified to about 98% of theoretical density using pressureless sintering conditions. Upon evaluation of the sintered components, it was found that afl components showed defects in the transition area. Modifications of the pressing parameters, incorporation of a 45[degree] angle in the shoulder area, and the use of tailored premix did not lead to the fabrication of defect-free parts. From these observations, it was concluded that the original part design could not easily be adapted to high-volume ceramic manufacturing methods. Subsequently, a modification to the desip was implemented. An SiC material with improved toughness (Hexoloy SX) was used for fabricating several test components with a closely machined, straight OD design. Pressureless-sintered and post-hot isostatically pressed (HIPed) Hexoloy SX components were supplied to The American Ceramic Engine Company (ACE) for assembly and testing. Fuel pump push-rod assemblies with Hemoloy SX tips were prepared by ACE, but no testing has been carried out to date.

McMurtry, C.H.; Ten Eyck, M.O.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Evaluation of Sialon internal combustion engine components and fabrication of several ceramic components for automotive applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fabrication development work was carried out on a push-rod tip having a stepped OD design and a 90{degree} shoulder in the transition area. Spray-dried Sialon premix was used in dry press tooling, and components were densified to about 98% of theoretical density using pressureless sintering conditions. Upon evaluation of the sintered components, it was found that afl components showed defects in the transition area. Modifications of the pressing parameters, incorporation of a 45{degree} angle in the shoulder area, and the use of tailored premix did not lead to the fabrication of defect-free parts. From these observations, it was concluded that the original part design could not easily be adapted to high-volume ceramic manufacturing methods. Subsequently, a modification to the desip was implemented. An SiC material with improved toughness (Hexoloy SX) was used for fabricating several test components with a closely machined, straight OD design. Pressureless-sintered and post-hot isostatically pressed (HIPed) Hexoloy SX components were supplied to The American Ceramic Engine Company (ACE) for assembly and testing. Fuel pump push-rod assemblies with Hemoloy SX tips were prepared by ACE, but no testing has been carried out to date.

McMurtry, C.H.; Ten Eyck, M.O.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Rubber friction on smooth surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the sliding friction for viscoelastic solids, e.g., rubber, on hard flat substrate surfaces. We consider first the fluctuating shear stress inside a viscoelastic solid which results from the thermal motion of the atoms or molecules in the solid. At the nanoscale the thermal fluctuations are very strong and give rise to stress fluctuations in the MPa-range, which is similar to the depinning stresses which typically occur at solid-rubber interfaces, indicating the crucial importance of thermal fluctuations for rubber friction on smooth surfaces. We develop a detailed model which takes into account the influence of thermal fluctuations on the depinning of small contact patches (stress domains) at the rubber-substrate interface. The theory predicts that the velocity dependence of the macroscopic shear stress has a bell-shaped f orm, and that the low-velocity side exhibits the same temperature dependence as the bulk viscoelastic modulus, in qualitative agreement with experimental data. Finally, we discuss the influence of small-amplitude substrate roughness on rubber sliding friction.

B. N. J. Persson; A. I. Volokitin

2006-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

340

Dissimilar friction welding of titanium alloys to alloy 718  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design of advanced, high-performance gas-turbine engines will require the utilization of elevated-temperature titanium-based materials, including conventional alloys, titanium aluminides, and titanium metal-matrix composites. The most efficient utilization of these materials in the engine compressor section would be achieved by directly joining these materials to existing nickel-base superalloys, such as Alloy 718. To date, the dissimilar welding of titanium alloys to nickel-based alloys has not been common practice because intermetallic compounds form in the weld and cause embrittlement. Special welding techniques must be developed to inhibit this compound formation and to provide high strength welds. In this investigation, a friction welding process was developed for joining titanium alloys (Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo and Ti-6Al-4V) to nickel-based superalloy Alloy 718. An interlayer system comprised of copper and niobium sheet layers was employed as a diffusion barrier and weld deformation enhancer. A postweld heat treatment (PWHT, 700{degrees}C for 20 min in vacuum) under axial pressure (Ksi) was used to improve the joint strength consistency. The following conclusions can be drawn from this investigation: (1) A friction welding technique has been developed for joining titanium alloys (Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo and Ti-6Al-4V) to Alloy 718 using an interlayer system of niobium and copper. Joint strengths averaging approximately 50 Ksi were achieved. (2) Deformation was concentrated in the interlayers, especially the copper interlayer, during friction welding. Increased reduction in length (RIL) during friction welding resulted in a decrease in the interlayer thicknesses. (3) The EDS results showed that the niobium and copper interlayers prevent interdiffusion between the two parent metals, producing formation of detrimental phases.

Kuo, M.; Albright, C.E.; Baeslack, W.A. III

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Proceedings of the ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition November 13-19, Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University Department of Mechanical Engineering New York, NY, USA Lubomir Smilenov Columbia University Center

Attinger, Daniel

342

EECE 401: International Summer Experience in Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering June 1-June 12, 2009 / Seoul, Korea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Microfluidics and Biotechnology 2. Environment and Nanotechnology Engineering & Dept. of Chemical and Biological

Subramanian, Venkat

343

Understanding Loss Mechanisms and Efficiency Improvement Options for HCCI Engines Using Detailed Exergy Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application to Internal-Combustion Engines,” Energy, 25(11),in the Internal Combustion Engine,” SAE Technical PaperJ.B. , 1988, Internal Combustion Engines Fundamentals,

Saxena, Samveg

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

ENGINEERING ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

million for Air Force project · Biological Systems Engineering uses MRI machine to further tissue studies: Engineering Extraordinary Students Enjoy a selection of stories about some of the amazing students® ENGINEERING NEBRASKA@ ENGINEERING EXTRAORDINARY STUDENTS AlSO INSIDE: BSEN INNOVATES WITH MRI

Farritor, Shane

345

Shockwave Engine: Wave Disk Engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: MSU is developing a new engine for use in hybrid automobiles that could significantly reduce fuel waste and improve engine efficiency. In a traditional internal combustion engine, air and fuel are ignited, creating high-temperature and high-pressure gases which expand rapidly. This expansion of gases forces the engine’s pistons to pump and powers the car. MSU’s engine has no pistons. It uses the combustion of air and fuel to build up pressure within the engine, generating a shockwave that blasts hot gas exhaust into the blades of the engine’s rotors causing them to turn, which generates electricity. MSU’s redesigned engine would be the size of a cooking pot and contain fewer moving parts—reducing the weight of the engine by 30%. It would also enable a vehicle that could use 60% of its fuel for propulsion.

None

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

346

Rubber friction on (apparently) smooth lubricated surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study rubber sliding friction on hard lubricated surfaces. We show that even if the hard surface appears smooth to the naked eye, it may exhibit short wavelength roughness, which may give the dominant contribution to rubber friction. That is, the observed sliding friction is mainly due to the viscoelastic deformations of the rubber by the substrate surface asperities. The presented results are of great importance for rubber sealing and other rubber applications involving (apparently) smooth surfaces.

M. Mofidi; B. Prakash; B. N. J. Persson; O. Albohl

2007-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

347

ENHANCED IGNITION FOR I.C. ENGINES WITH PREMIXED CHARGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oper·atEngines- Flame Initiation orInternal Combustion Engines," SAE Paper 760764. Wyczalek, F.an Internal Combustion Engine,'' Combusti and Flame Vol. 31,

Dale, J.D.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Estimation of a Noise Level Using Coarse-Grained Entropy of Experimental Time Series of Internal Pressure in a Combustion Engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report our results on non-periodic experimental time series of pressure in a single cylinder spark ignition engine. The experiments were performed for different levels of loading. We estimate the noise level in internal pressure calculating the coarse-grained entropy from variations of maximal pressures in successive cycles. The results show that the dynamics of the combustion is a nonlinear multidimensional process mediated by noise. Our results show that so defined level of noise in internal pressure is not monotonous function of loading.

Grzegorz Litak; Rodolfo Taccani; Krzysztof Urbanowicz; Janusz A. Holyst; Miroslaw Wendeker; Alessandro Giadrossi

2004-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

349

Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Diesel Internal Combusion...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Diesel Internal Combusion Engine Vehicles Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA - Diesel Internal Combusion Engine Vehicles The Advanced Vehicle...

350

INTERNATIONAL UNION OF OPERATING ENGINEERS NATIONAL HAZMAT PROGRAM - ADAMANT CIRCULAR SAW OENHP{number_sign}: 2001-05, VERSION A  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Florida International University's (FIU) Hemispheric Center for Environmental Technology (HCET) evaluated five saws for their effectiveness in cutting up specially prepared fiberglass-reinforced plywood crates. These crates were built as surrogates for crates that presently hold radioactive contaminated glove boxes at the Department of Energy's (DOE) Los Alamos facility. The Adamant circular saw was assessed on August 14, 2001. During the FIU test of efficacy, a team from the Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program (OENHP) evaluated the occupational safety and health issues associated with this technology. The Adamant was only used during a limited ''test'' on a regular plywood crate due to safety considerations of the tool for this application. The Adamant circular saw, a counter-rotating twin-cutter, constructed with blades that work differently than conventional cutting wheels with twin blades, each rotating in opposite directions. It is used to cut wood and metals. Each blade is approximately 8 3/4 inches in diameter with a maximum cutting depth of 2 1/2 inches. The machine has two rotation speeds: 1,900 and 2,900 rotations per minute (rpm). The saw is operated with an interlocked, guarded trigger switch located at the end of the saw opposite the cutting blades. To operate the saw, the safety interlock must be depressed prior to powering the saw with the trigger control. The saw is supported by a handle at the front of the saw near the cutting blades. The top part of the blades is guarded near the handle, with approximately three-fourths of the face of the blades exposed. The Adamant circular saw is an innovative technology used to cut metals and wood. Its safety features include: interlocking switch for powering the saw, overload indicator and shutoff, and an electronic brake that stops the engine immediately when the start button is released. The top part of the blades is guarded near the motor. With approximately three-fourths of the face of the blades open, the operator is exposed to the potential risk of serious and minor cuts and abrasions when using and handling the saw. There is also potential for damage to the blades if the saw is not stored properly. Without guarding on the lower part of the blades, these can be damaged if the saw is dropped or rested on the cutting blades. Based upon the industrial hygiene sampling conducted for the other four saws demonstrated at FIU, noise levels, nuisance dust, and airborne fiberglass may be a problem when using this technology for the cutting of fiberglass-reinforced plywood crates. No industrial hygiene sampling was conducted while the Adamant saw was in use. Engineering controls should be used to eliminate these problems whenever possible. Where this is not possible, administrative controls, training, and proper personal protective equipment (PPE) should be used. Respirators should be used if engineering controls do not sufficiently control the dust or fiberglass generated. Respirators should be equipped with an organic vapor and acid gas cartridge with High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filter, since during the demonstration, the workers complained of an odd smell, which may have been the breakdown of the fiberglass.

Unknown

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

College of Engineering and Science ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

81 College of Engineering and Science COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE The College of Engineering.clemson.edu. Minors Engineering and science students can complement their majors by selecting minor concentrations of study. Available minors include Bioengineering, Environmental Engineering, International Engi- neering

Stuart, Steven J.

352

Abstract--Friction modeling is essential for joint dynamic identification and control. Joint friction is composed of a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract--Friction modeling is essential for joint dynamic identification and control. Joint friction is composed of a viscous and a dry friction force. According to Coulomb law, dry friction depends linearly on the load in the transmission. However, in robotics field, a constant dry friction is frequently

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

353

Some Hamiltonian Models of Friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mathematical results on some models describing the motion of a tracer particle through a Bose-Einstein condensate are described. In the limit of a very dense, very weakly interacting Bose gas and for a very large particle mass, the dynamics of the coupled system is determined by classical non-linear Hamiltonian equations of motion. The particle's motion exhibits deceleration corresponding to friction (with memory) caused by the emission of Cerenkov radiation of gapless modes into the gas. Precise results are stated and outlines of proofs are presented. Some technical details are deferred to forthcoming papers.

Juerg Froehlich; Zhou Gang; Avy Soffer

2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

354

Modeling of liner finish effects on oil control ring lubrication in internal combustion engines based on deterministic method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Twin-land oil control ring is widely used in the automotive diesel engines, and is gaining more and more applications in the modern designs of gasoline engines. Its interaction with the cylinder liner surface accounts for ...

Chen, Haijie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Turbocharging of small internal combustion engine as a means of improving engine/application system fuel economy-further turbocharger improvements. Final report Oct 80-Feb 82  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Improvements to a small diesel engine turbocharger were made based on data gathered during a previous Army contract. The improved turbocharger was fabricated and tested on a small, four cylinder, 239 CID diesel engine. Engine dynamometer test data revealed a 2 to 9 percent reduction in fuel consumption at all points over the operating envelope. A turbocharger was operated for 1011 hours at speeds between 70000 and 78000 rpm without incident. The ball bearings were in excellent condition at the end of the test. A math model of the engine and turbocharger was generated. The model was used to estimate 13 Mode Federal Diesel Emissions Cycle, the LA4 driving cycle and the application of the variable area turbine nozzle (VATN) turbocharger to a diesel engine driven generator set. A recommendation was made to build a gen set demo unit. A fuel savings of 8 to 10 percent was estimated for a 30KW DED generator set.

Arvin, J.R.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

International Journal of EBusiness Research (IJEBR), Volume 5 Number 4, 2009 An Approach to Engineer Communities of Web Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Engineer Communities of Web Services - concepts, architecture, operation, and deployment ­ Zakaria Maamar1 that provides the necessary assistance to those who are in charge of engineering communities of Web services, the paper presents a prototype illustrating the engineering approach with focus on Web services attraction

Bentahar, Jamal

357

Copyright 2000, Society of Petroleum Engineers, Inc. This paper was prepared for presentation at the International Symposium on Formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright 2000, Society of Petroleum Engineers, Inc. This paper was prepared for presentation reviewed by the Society of Petroleum Engineers and are subject to correction by the author(s). The material, as presented, does not necessarily reflect any position of the Society of Petroleum Engineers, its officers

358

Stress Wave Source Characterization: Impact, Fracture, and Sliding Friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tremor like signals in friction experiments, Geophys. Res.analysis of the state- and rate-dependent friction law:Static friction, Physical Rev. B 59, 14313-14327. Bisschop,

McLaskey, Gregory Christofer

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Comparison of Frictional Heating Models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this work was to compare the predicted temperature rises using four well-known models for frictional heating under a few selected conditions in which similar variable inputs are provided to each model. Classic papers by Archard, Kuhlmann-Wilsdorf, Lim and Ashby, and Rabinowicz have been examined, and a spreadsheet (Excel ) was developed to facilitate the calculations. This report may be used in conjunction with that spreadsheet. It explains the background, assumptions, and rationale used for the calculations. Calculated flash temperatures for selected material combinations, under a range of applied loads and sliding speeds, are tabulated. The materials include AISI 52100 bearing steel, CDA 932 bronze, NBD 200 silicon nitride, Ti-6Al-4V alloy, and carbon-graphite material. Due to the assumptions made by the different models, and the direct way in which certain assumed quantities, like heat sink distances or asperity dimensions, enter into the calculations, frictional hearing results may differ significantly; however, they can be similar in certain cases in light of certain assumptions that are shared between the models.

Davies, Nicholas R [ORNL; Blau, Peter Julian [ORNL

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Stellite 6 Friction Changes Due to Aging and In-Service Testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For the past several years, researchers at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, under the sponsorship of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, have been investigating the ability of motor-operated valves to close or open when subjected to design basis flow and pressure loads. Part of this research addresses the friction that occurs at the interface between the valve disc and the valve body seats during operation of a gate valve. In most gate valves, these surfaces are hardfaced with Stellite 6, a cobalt-based alloy. The nuclear industry has developed methods to analytically predict the thrust needed to operate these valves at specific pressure conditions. To produce accurate valve thrust predictions; the analyst must have a reasonably accurate, though conservative, estimate of the coefficient of friction at the disc-to-seat interface. One of the questions that remains to be answered is whether, and to what extent, aging of the disc and seat surfaces affects the disc-to-seat coefficient of friction. Specifically, does the accumulation of a surface film due to aging of these surfaces increase the coefficient of friction and if so, how much? This paper presents results of specimen tests addressing this issue with emphasis on the following: • The change in the friction coefficient of Stellite 6 as it ages and whether the friction reaches a plateau. • The effect periodic gate valve cycling due to in-service testing has on the friction coefficient. • The results of an independent review of the test methods, processes, and the results of the research to date. • The status of ongoing aging and friction testing.

Watkins, John Clifford; DeWall, Kevin George

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Friction Coefficient for Quarks in Supergravity Duals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study quarks moving in strongly-coupled plasmas that have supergravity duals. We compute the friction coefficient of strings dual to such quarks for general static supergravity backgrounds near the horizon. Our results also show that a previous conjecture on the bound has to be modified and higher friction coefficients can be achieved.

E. Antonyan

2006-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

362

INTERNATIONAL UNION OF OPERATING ENGINEERS NATIONAL HAZMAT PROGRAM - DEWALT RECIPROCATING SAW OENHP{number_sign}: 2001-01, VERSION A  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Florida International University's (FIU) Hemispheric Center for Environmental Technology (HCET) evaluated five saws for their effectiveness in cutting specially prepared fiberglass-reinforced plywood crates. These crates were built as surrogates for crates that presently hold radioactively contaminated glove boxes at the Department of Energy's (DOE) Los Alamos facility. The DeWalt reciprocating saw was assessed on August 13, 2001. During the FIU test of efficacy, a team from the Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program (OENHP) evaluated the occupational safety and health issues associated with this technology. The DeWalt reciprocating saw is a hand-held industrial tool used for cutting numerous materials, including wood and various types of metals depending upon the chosen blade. Its design allows for cutting close to floors, corners, and other difficult areas. An adjustable shoe sets the cut at three separate depths. During the demonstration for the dismantling of the fiberglass-reinforced plywood crate, the saw was used for extended continuous cutting, over a period of approximately two hours. The dismantling operation involved vertical and horizontal cuts, saw blade changes, and material handling. During this process, operators experienced vibration to the hand and arm in addition to a temperature rise on the handgrip. The blade of the saw is partially exposed during handling and fully exposed during blade changes. Administrative controls, such as duty time of the operators and the machine, operator training, and personal protective equipment (PPE), such as gloves, should be considered when using the saw in this application. Personal noise sampling indicated that both workers were exposed to noise levels exceeding the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) Action Level of 85 decibels (dBA) with time-weighted averages (TWA's) of 88.3 and 90.6 dBA. Normally, a worker would be placed in a hearing conservation program if his TWA was greater than the Action Level. In this case, however, monitoring was conducted during a simulation, not during the actual work conducted at the worksite. Additional sampling should be conducted at the worksite to determine the actual noise levels for the workers. Until it is determined that the actual TWA's are less than the Action Level, the workers should use PPE. A training program on the proper use and wearing of the selected PPE should be provided to each worker. Nuisance dust monitoring yielded a concentration of 10.69 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m{sup 3}). Although this is less than the OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) of 15 mg/m{sup 3}, it is above the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists' (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value (TLV) of 10 mg/m{sup 3}. Fiberglass dust monitoring yielded a fiber count of 1.7 fibers per cubic centimeter (f/cc). This is above the PEL and the TLV of 1.0 f/cc. Therefore, controls should be implemented (engineering or PPE) to reduce the workers' exposure to the dust. Respirators should be used if engineering controls do not sufficiently control the dust or fiberglass generated. Respirators should be equipped with an organic vapor and acid gas cartridge with a High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filter, since during the demonstration, the workers complained of an odd smell, which may have been from the breakdown of the fiberglass.

Unknown

2002-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

363

Radiative friction on an excited atom moving in vacuum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is known that, when an excited atom spontaneously emits one photon, two effects are produced. First, the atom's internal and external states are entangled with the states of the emitted photon. Second, the atom receives a momentum transfered from the photon. In this work, the dynamics of such an atom in vacuum is studied. Through a specific calculation, it is demonstrated that these effects cause the atom to experience, on average, a friction force opposite to its initial velocity. Properties of the force are also discussed.

Wei Guo

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

364

Second Law Comparisons of Volumetric and Flame Combustion in an Ideal Engine with Exhaust Heat Recovery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We summarize the results of a theoretical second law (exergy) analysis of an idealized internal combustion engine operating in flame versus volumetric (e.g., HCCI-like) combustion modes. We also consider the impact of exhaust heat recovery. Our primary objective is to better understand the fundamental differences (if any) in thermodynamic irreversibility among these different combustion modes and the resulting impact on engine work output. By combustion irreversibility, we mean that portion of the fuel energy that becomes unavailable for producing useful work due to entropy generation in the combustion process, exclusive of all other heat and friction losses. A key question is whether or not volumetric combustion offers any significant irreversibility advantage over conventional flame combustion. Another key issue is how exhaust heat recovery would be expected to change the net work output of an ideal piston engine. Based on these results, we recommend specific research directions for improving the fuel efficiency of advanced engines.

Chakravarthy, Veerathu K [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL; Graves, Ronald L [ORNL

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Friction of Steel Sliding Under Boundary Lubrication Regime in...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Friction of Steel Sliding Under Boundary Lubrication Regime in Commercial Gear Oils at Elevated Temperatures Friction of Steel Sliding Under Boundary Lubrication Regime in...

366

Friction forces on phase transition fronts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In cosmological first-order phase transitions, the microscopic interaction of the phase transition fronts with non-equilibrium plasma particles manifests itself macroscopically as friction forces. In general, it is a nontrivial problem to compute these forces, and only two limits have been studied, namely, that of very slow walls and, more recently, ultra-relativistic walls which run away. In this paper we consider ultra-relativistic velocities and show that stationary solutions still exist when the parameters allow the existence of runaway walls. Hence, we discuss the necessary and sufficient conditions for the fronts to actually run away. We also propose a phenomenological model for the friction, which interpolates between the non-relativistic and ultra-relativistic values. Thus, the friction depends on two friction coefficients which can be calculated for specific models. We then study the velocity of phase transition fronts as a function of the friction parameters, the thermodynamic parameters, and the amount of supercooling.

Mégevand, Ariel, E-mail: megevand@mdp.edu.ar [IFIMAR (CONICET–UNMdP), Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, UNMdP, Deán Funes 3350, (7600) Mar del Plata (Argentina)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Engineered Surfaces to Resist Corrosion and Wear  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MATS4007 Engineered Surfaces to Resist Corrosion and Wear Course Outline Session 2, 2014 School.................................................................................................4 Part III Corrosion and Control) LG07 Lecturer 28 Jul 1 Introduction to friction and wear JH Introduction to corrosion SC 4 Aug 2

New South Wales, University of

368

Stirling engine with pressurized crankcase  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A two piston Stirling engine wherein the pistons are coupled to a common crankshaft via bearing means, the pistons include pad means to minimize friction between the pistons and the cylinders during reciprocation of the pistons, means for pressurizing the engine crankcase, and means for cooling the crankshaft and the bearing means eliminating the need for oil in the crankcase.

Corey, John A. (Melrose, NY)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Proc. of 10th International Conf. on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, June 1998, San Francisco, California Formalizing and Integrating the Functional Model into  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Michigan 48824 fwangyi,chengbg@cps.msu.edu Abstract The data flow diagram (DFD), originally introduced demonstrated its usefulness in the software engineering discipline, DFDs seem to be essential to software de

Cheng, Betty H.C.

370

ENGINEERING InternatIonal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-city suburbs such as glebe, Surry Hills and darling Harbour, the city campus is surrounded by places to shop

University of Technology, Sydney

371

Maximizing Power Output in Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engines and Enabling Effective Control of Combustion Timing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

61. Heywood, J.B. , Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals,69. Heywood, J.B. , Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals,the oil pump of internal combustion engines – conducted at

Saxena, Samveg

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Dynamical Friction on extended perturbers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Following a wave-mechanical treatment we calculate the drag force exerted by an infinite homogeneous background of stars on a perturber as this makes its way through the system. We recover Chandrasekhar's classical dynamical friction (DF) law with a modified Coulomb logarithm. We take into account a range of models that encompasses all plausible density distributions for satellite galaxies by considering the DF exerted on a Plummer sphere and a perturber having a Hernquist profile. It is shown that the shape of the perturber affects only the exact form of the Coulomb logarithm. The latter converges on small scales, because encounters of the test and field stars with impact parameters less than the size of the massive perturber become inefficient. We confirm this way earlier results based on the impulse approximation of small angle scatterings.

O. Esquivel; B. Fuchs

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Fluid Gravity Engineering Rocket motor flow analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fluid Gravity Engineering Capability · Rocket motor flow analysis -Internal (performance) -External young scientists/engineers Fluid Gravity Engineering Ltd #12;

Anand, Mahesh

374

OBSERVATION OF FLOW CHARACTERISTICS IN A MODEL I.C. ENGINE CYLINDER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characteristics in an Internal Combustion Engine Cylinder,lIWalls of an Internal Combustion Engine," Sixth Symposium (

Ishikawa, N.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Micro-origin of Macro-strength: Friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents an analytical study about the behavior of arbitrary shaped and sized non-cohesive two-dimensional granular materials. Several mechanical properties and relations are unraveled by connecting micro and macro scales in an explicit fashion that, at the same time, provides the basis of an analytical-theoretical framework for the development of new multi-scale techniques. Furthermore, the work herein presented is based on three main ideas that are developed and connected progressively; namely, the obtention of explicit expressions that enable us to relate micro-scale parameters, such as contact forces and fabric, to stress as a macro (continuum) physical property. Then, with these powerful tools, physical connections and relations between the mentioned micro-parameters and macro-constitutive parameters, in specific, Mohr-Coulomb's mobilized internal friction angle, are established. Finally, a non-linear optimization problem, which includes physical constraints at the contact point level, is proposed and solved in order to find the limit (maximum) internal friction angle in terms of the aforementioned micro-parameters. Thus, throughout this theoretical study, some important features about strength, anisotropy, contact buckling, and non-uniqueness of systems of contact forces are extracted, allowing us to have a deeper insight, as well as, a better understanding of the mechanical behavior of such complex-to-model materials.

Alex X. Jerves; José E. Andrade

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

376

Friction Problems in Servomechanisms: Modeling and Compensation Techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Friction Problems in Servomechanisms: Modeling and Compensation Techniques Jan Tommy Gravdahl of this presentation Introduction Friction models 1. Static models 2. Models with time delay 3. Dynamic models Friction compensation 1. Non-model based compensation 2. Compensation based on static friction models 3

Gravdahl, Jan Tommy

377

Compton-Energy Scale of Friction Quantization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerous different experiments by the author, approaching nearly two decades of study, point strongly toward the possibility that friction operates around a mesoscale quantum of energy having the value 11 pJ.

Randall D. Peters

2006-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

378

Friction of Materials for Automotive Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This brief overview of friction-related issues in materials for automobiles is invited for a special issue on automotive materials in the ASM journal AM&P. It describes a range of areas in a ground vehicle in which friction must be controlled or minimized. Applications range from piston rings to tires, and from brakes to fuel injector components. A perspective on new materials and lubricants, and the need for validation testing is presented.

Blau, Peter Julian [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Supervisory General Engineer (Facility Engineering Division Director)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A successful candidate in this position will lead the Facility Engineering Division by providing internal and independent safety system oversight of Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) operations in...

380

Design, Construction, and Validation of an In-Cylinder Pressure Recording System for Internal Combustion Engine Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

agreement with published works and resulted in correlations for fuel properties that were not discussed in literature. In chapter three, the design, construction, and validation of an engine cylinder pressure recording system are covered. In particular...

Mangus, Michael D.

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

M. Enamul Hossain and M. Rafiqul Islam International Journal of Engineering (IJE), Volume (3): Issue (6), January 2010 622  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dalhousie University Sexton Campus, 1360 Barrington Street, Halifax, NS B3J 2X4, Canada Abstract It is well and operations managers and puzzled scientists and engineers. In a recent book by the research group of R. Islam

Hossain, M. Enamul

382

Characterization and modeling of the fundamental aspects of oil transport in the piston ring pack of internal combustion engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engine oil consumption is one of the primary interests for the automotive industry in controlling emissions and reducing service cost. Due to a lack of understanding of the mechanisms of oil transport along the piston, ...

Thirouard, Benoist (Benoist Pierre), 1972-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Friction in Forming of UD Composites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inter-ply and tool/ply friction play a dominant role in hot stamp forming of UD fiber-reinforced thermoplastic laminates. This research treats friction measurements of a PEEK-AS4 composite system. To this end, an in-house developed friction tester is utilized to pull a laminate through two heat controlled clamping platens. The friction coefficient is determined by relating the clamp force to the pull force. The geometry of the gap between the clamping platens is monitored with micrometer accuracy. A first approach to describe the relation between the geometry and frictional behavior is undertaken by applying a standard thin-film theory for hydrodynamic lubrication. Experimental measurements showed that the thin-film theory does not entirely cover the underlying physics. Thus a second model is utilized, which employs a Leonov-model to describe the shear deformation of the matrix material, while its viscosity is described with a multi-mode Maxwell model. The combination of both models shows the potential to capture the complete frictional behavior.

Sachs, U.; Haanappel, S. P. [Thermoplastic Composite Research Center, University of Twente, Horst building, P.O. Box 217, 7500AE Enschede (Netherlands); Akkerman, R. [Faculty of Engineering Technology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500AE Enschede (Netherlands); Thermoplastic Composite Research Center, University of Twente, Horst building, P.O. Box 217, 7500AE Enschede (Netherlands); Thije, R. H. W. ten [Aniform Virtual Forming, Nieuwstraat 116, 7411 LP Deventer (Netherlands); Rooij, M. B. de [Faculty of Engineering Technology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500AE Enschede (Netherlands)

2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

384

International Symposium on Air Breathing Engines, 10th, Nottingham, England, Sept. 1-6, 1991, Proceedings. Vols. 1 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Among the topics discussed are high-speed transport, compressor aerodynamics, environment and pollution, engine performance, computational fluid dynamics, and combustion. Attention is also given to radial flow machines, hypersonic propulsion, engine condition monitoring, cascades and fans, inlets, tribology and materials, and transition and fluid dynamics. Also considered are mixing and mixing control; surge, stall, and flutter; combustion and aerothermodynamics; ram rockets, nozzles; icing and particles; nacelle design; supersonic combustion; scramjet and ramjet; turbines and heat transfer; and energy analysis.

Billig, F.S.; (Johns Hopkins University, Laurel, MD)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

in Civil Engineering Megastructure Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Soil Mechanics "This unique Master`s degree offers individual tutoring and an international learning, such as project management and managerial accounting; · Operate in an international environment in civil engineering; · Oversee the consequences of his/her actions regarding time and transport planning

van der Torre, Leon

386

in Civil Engineering Megastructure Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Soil Mechanics "This unique Master`s degree offers individual tutoring and an international learning-technical aspects, such as project management and managerial accounting; · Operate in an international environment in civil engineering; · Oversee the consequences of his/her actions regarding time and transport planning

van der Torre, Leon

387

Friction of a slider on a granular layer: Non-monotonic thickness dependence and effect of boundary conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the effective friction encountered by a mass sliding on a granular layer as a function of bed thickness and boundary roughness conditions. The observed friction has minima for a small number of layers before it increases and saturates to a value which depends on the roughness of the sliding surface. We use an index-matched interstitial liquid to probe the internal motion of the grains with fluorescence imaging in a regime where the liquid has no significant effect on the measured friction. The shear profiles obtained as a function of depth show decrease in slip near the sliding surface as the layer thickness is increased. We propose that the friction depends on the degree of grain confinement relative to the sliding surfaces.

Saloome Siavoshi; Ashish V. Orpe; Arshad Kudrolli

2005-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

388

INTERNATIONAL UNION OF OPERATING ENGINEERS NATIONAL HAZMAT PROGRAM - PORTER-CABLE CIRCULAR SAW OENHP: 2001-04, VERSION A  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Florida International University's (FIU) Hemispheric Center for Environmental Technology (HCET) evaluated five saws for their effectiveness in cutting specially prepared fiberglass-reinforced plywood crates. These crates were built as surrogates for crates that presently hold radioactively contaminated glove boxes at the Department of Energy's (DOE) Los Alamos facility. The Porter-Cable circular saw was assessed on August 15-16, 2001 (Porter-Cable No.1 and Porter-Cable No.2, respectively). During the FIU test of efficacy, a team from the Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program (OENHP) evaluated the occupational safety and health issues associated with this technology. The Porter-Cable saw is a straightforward machine for cutting wood of varying thickness. The blade is fully guarded with a fixed upper and a lower retractable guard. The lower guard retracts as the blade engages the work piece. The unit is operated with an on/off guarded trigger switch and is supported with a handgrip mounted near the front of the saw. The saw is equipped with a directional nozzle, which aims sawdust away from the operator and the line of cut. An optional vacuum system, attached to the directional nozzle, is used to remove and collect dust. During the demonstration of Porter-Cable No.1, personal noise sampling indicated that one worker was under and one was at the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) Action Level of 85 decibels (dBA) with time-weighted averages (TWA's) of 82.7 and 84.6 dBA, respectively. During the demonstration of Porter-Cable No.2, however, both workers did exceed the Action Level with TWA's of 89.7 and 90.0 dBA. These data are not entirely representative as they were gathered during a simulation and not at the actual worksite. Additional sampling should be conducted on-site, but the workers should wear hearing protection until it is determined that it is no longer necessary. The total nuisance dust sample for Porter-Cable No.1 was 3.53 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m{sup 3}), which is lower than the OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) of 15 mg/m{sup 3} and the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists' (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value (TLV) of 10 mg/m{sup 3}. Porter-Cable No.2's nuisance dust results yielded a value of 22.05 mg/m{sup 3}, which is over the PEL and TLV. The fiber analysis for the first demonstration yielded 12.9 fibers per cubic centimeter (f/cc), which is much higher than the PEL of 1 f/cc. Galson Laboratories considered the fiber analysis for the second demonstration void due to the overloading of dust on the filter. Kickback, the sudden reaction to a pinched blade, is possible with this saw and could cause the saw to lift up and out of the work piece and toward the operator. Proper work position and firm control of the saw minimizes the potential for a sprain or strain. Care needs to be exercised to support the work piece properly and to not force the tool.

Unknown

2002-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

389

INTERNATIONAL UNION OF OPERATING ENGINEERS NATIONAL HAZMAT PROGRAM - EVOLUTION 180 CIRCULAR SAW OENHP: 2001-03, VERSION A  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Florida International University's (FIU) Hemispheric Center for Environmental Technology (HCET) evaluated five saws for their effectiveness in cutting specially prepared fiberglass-reinforced plywood crates. These crates were built as surrogates for crates that presently hold radioactively contaminated gloveboxes at the Department of Energy's (DOE) Los Alamos facility. The Evolution 180 circular saw was assessed on August 14, 2001. During the FIU test of efficacy, a team from the Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program (OENHP) evaluated the occupational safety and health issues associated with this technology. The Evolution 180 is a portable, metal cutting circular saw with a 7-inch diameter blade. The blade is contained within the main housing and has a retractable lower blade guard to prevent operator access to the blade during operation and shutdown. The saw is equipped with a chip collector. The maximum cutting thickness for metal is one-quarter inch and can cut steel tubing and pipe 2 inches in diameter. The unit is operated with an on/off guarded trigger switch and is supported with the hand guide mounted to the side of the saw. An adjustable lever sets the depth of the cut. The machine's circuitry will automatically shut the saw motor off if excessive overload is detected during operation. The one-half hour demonstration involved vertical and horizontal cuts and blade changes. During this process, operators experienced binding of the saw. This caused the blade to become hot, causing the sawdust collected in the chip collector to smoke. Care should be exercised to use the appropriate blade for the application, operator training, and personal protective equipment (PPE). Personal noise sampling indicated that neither worker was over the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) Action Level of 85 decibels (dBA) with time-weighted averages (TWA's) of 69.1 and 68.8 dBA. The personal noise sample taken during the special demonstration with the stainless steel plate had a TWA of 69.8 dBA. These data are not entirely representative as they were gathered during a simulation and not at the actual worksite. Additional sampling should be conducted on-site, but the workers should wear hearing protection until it is determined that it is no longer necessary. The total nuisance dust sample for the Evolution 180 circular saw was 3.5 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m{sup 3}), which is lower than the OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) of 15 mg/m{sup 3} and the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists' (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value (TLV) of 10 mg/m{sup 3}. The fiber analysis yielded 1.74 fibers per cubic centimeter (f/cc), which is above the PEL of 1 f/cc. Although the nuisance dust levels were low, fiberglass dust levels were higher than the PEL. Since fiberglass dust is known to be a strong skin irritant and a possible human carcinogen, the workers should continue to wear appropriate suits and gloves, as well as a full-face air-purifying respirator. The respirator should be equipped with a combination organic vapor and acid gas cartridge in combination with a High Particulate Air (HEPA) filter, since particulate filter, since during the demonstration, the workers complained of an odd smell, which may have been from the breakdown of the fiberglass.

Unknown

2002-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

390

Research aim : Measurement of internal stresses accurately using neutron diffraction using ENGIN-X, neutron diffractometer at ISIS Facility, UK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

life Area of interest : Internal Stresses in DMW's Proposed design : Design with a corrosion, the nuclear power plant constructor Material used: Dissimilar Metal Welds(DMW's) for piping system = Excellent

Bandara, Arosha

391

Friction Stir Processing for Efficient Manufacturing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Friction at contacting surfaces in relative motion is a major source of parasitic energy loss in machine systems and manufacturing processes. Consequently, friction reduction usually translates to efficiency gain and reduction in energy consumption. Furthermore, friction at surfaces eventually leads to wear and failure of the components thereby compromising reliability and durability. In order to reduce friction and wear in tribological components, material surfaces are often hardened by a variety of methods, including conventional heat treatment, laser surface hardening, and thin-film coatings. While these surface treatments are effective when used in conjunction with lubrication to prevent failure, they are all energy intensive and could potentially add significant cost. A new concept for surface hardening of metallic materials and components is Friction Stir Processing (FSP). Compared to the current surface hardening technologies, FSP is more energy efficient has no emission or waste by products and may result in better tribological performance. FSP involves plunging a rotating tool to a predetermined depth (case layer thickness) and translating the FSP tool along the area to be processed. This action of the tool produces heating and severe plastic deformation of the processed area. For steel the temperature is high enough to cause phase transformation, ultimately forming hard martensitic phase. Indeed, FSP has been used for surface modification of several metals and alloys so as to homogenize the microstructure and refine the grain size, both of which led to improved fatigue and corrosion resistance. Based on the effect of FSP on near-surface layer material, it was expected to have beneficial effects on friction and wear performance of metallic materials. However, little or no knowledge existed on the impact of FSP concerning friction and wear performance the subject of the this project and final report. Specifically for steel, which is the most dominant tribological material, FSP can replace the current conventional surface hardening techniques used for friction and wear performance. Friction Stir Link Inc. (FSL) is teamed with Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) to develop and optimize FSP for friction and wear performance enhancement. The ultimate goal is to offer FSP and an effective alternative to some of the current energy intensive and high-cost surface hardening processes.

Mr. Christopher B. Smith; Dr. Oyelayo Ajayi

2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

392

Casimir Friction I: Friction of a vacuum on a spinning dielectric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce the concept of Casimir friction, i.e. friction due to quantum fluctuations. In this first article we describe the calculation of a constant torque, arising from the scattering of quantum fluctuations, on a dielectric rotating in an electromagnetic vacuum.

Yves Pomeau; David C. Roberts

2007-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

393

Impact of Low-Friction Surface Treatments on Engine Friction | Department  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensionalthe U.S. Department-2023 Idaho4 AUDITofDepartmentof Energy

394

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Internal Combustion...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4: Internal Combustion Engine Energy Retention (ICEER) Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Internal Combustion Engine Energy Retention (ICEER) Presentation given by...

395

Materials Research Lab -Cooperative International Science and Engineering Internships http://www.mrl.ucsb.edu/mrl/outreach/educational/CISEI/interns_08winter/interns_08winter.html[5/10/12 10:34:13 AM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Strontium Titanate Ivana Sabaj Chemistry / Chemical Engineering, University of Chile, Santiago Daniel homepage Site Map // Webmail // Site Privacy Notification Guidelines // National Science Foundation // UCSB: MRL Optical Transmission Study of Reduced Strontium Titanate The interpretation of the transport

Bigelow, Stephen

396

Casimir Friction Force Between Polarizable Media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work is a continuation of our recent series of papers on Casimir friction, for a pair of particles of low relative particle velocity. Each particle is modeled as a simple harmonic oscillator. Our basic method, as before, is the use of quantum mechanical statistical mechanics, involving the Kubo formula, at finite temperature. In this work we begin by analyzing the Casimir friction between two particles polarizable in all spatial directions, this being a generalization of our study in EPL 91, 60003 (2010), which was restricted to a pair of particles with longitudinal polarization only. For simplicity the particles are taken to interact via the electrostatic dipole-dipole interaction. Thereafter, we consider the Casimir friction between one particle and a dielectric half-space, and also the friction between two dielectric half-spaces. Finally, we consider general polarizabilities (beyond the simple one-oscillator form), and show how friction occurs at finite temperature when finite frequency regions of the imaginary parts of polarizabilities overlap.

Johan S. Høye; Iver Brevik

2012-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

397

Rubber friction: role of the flash temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When a rubber block is sliding on a hard rough substrate, the substrate asperities will exert time-dependent deformations of the rubber surface resulting in viscoelastic energy dissipation in the rubber, which gives a contribution to the sliding friction. Most surfaces of solids have roughness on many different length scales, and when calculating the friction force it is necessary to include the viscoelastic deformations on all length scales. The energy dissipation will result in local heating of the rubber. Since the viscoelastic properties of rubber-like materials are extremely strongly temperature dependent, it is necessary to include the local temperature increase in the analysis. At very low sliding velocity the temperature increase is negligible because of heat diffusion, but already for velocities of order 0.01 m/s the local heating may be very important. Here I study the influence of the local heating on the rubber friction, and I show that in a typical case the temperature increase results in a decrease in rubber friction with increasing sliding velocity for v > 0.01 m/s. This may result in stick-slip instabilities, and is of crucial importance in many practical applications, e.g., for the tire-road friction, and in particular for ABS-breaking systems.

B. N. J. Persson

2006-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

398

Proceedings of ASME 2012 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference May 69, 2012, Torino, Piemonte, Italy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- CYLINDER HCCI ENGINE WITH HIGH RESIDUALS Erik Hellstr¨om, Jacob Larimore, and Anna Stefanopoulou University ABSTRACT Cyclic variability (CV) in lean HCCI combustion at the lim- its of operation is a known phenomenon of lean HCCI operation with negative valve overlap (nvo). A com- bustion analysis method that estimates

Stefanopoulou, Anna

399

1 Copyright 2009 by ASME Proceedings of the 2009 ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in 2006 included 49% coal, 20% nuclear, 20% natural gas, 7% hydroelectric, 3% renewables, 2% oil, and 1 Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference IDETC/CIE 2009 August 30 to September 2, 2009, San Diego, California, USA DETC2009/DAC-87558 OPTIMAL PLUG-IN HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHCILE DESIGN

Michalek, Jeremy J.

400

Fast multi-core co-simulation of Cyber-Physical Systems : Application to internal combustion engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the energy transition, from an economy that is currently based on fossil energy, to an economy that relies on renewable energy and energy efficiency. This challenge affects the whole energy cycle: production, transport engines Abir Ben Khaleda , Mongi Ben Gaida, , Nicolas Perneta , Daniel Simonb a IFP Energies nouvelles, 1

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition November 11-17, Denver, Colorado USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for impingement/effusion cooling on the leading edge of a turbine blade similar to an experimental model tested effectiveness. INTRODUCTION A thermodynamic analysis on gas turbines shows that thermal efficiency and power the achievement of today's high firing temperature, high-efficiency gas turbine engines [4]. Therefore, many

Guo, Zhixiong "James"

402

Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering May 31 -June 5 , 2009, Honolulu, Hawaii  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of wind versus waves in long-term load prediction. INTRODUCTION The calculation of long-term extreme loads. One can then establish the distribution of load extremes using multiple simulations for each wind IN RELIABILITY STUDIES FOR OFFSHORE WIND TURBINES P. Agarwal Stress Engineering Services Houston, TX 77041, USA

Manuel, Lance

403

Enhancement of disoriented chiral condensate domains with friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the effect of friction on domain formation in disoriented chiral condensate. Including a friction term, we solve the equation of motion of the linear sigma model fields, in the Hartree approximation. With boost-invariance and cylinderical symmetry, irrespective of friction, on average, we donot find any indication of domain like formation with quenched initial condition. However, with or without friction, some events can be found with large instabilities, indicating possible DCC domain formation in those events. With friction time scale during which instabilities grows increases. Correspondingly, with friction, it is possible to obtain large sized domains in some particular events.

A. K. Chaudhuri

1999-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

404

Ceramic materials and components for engines; Proceedings of the Third International Symposium, Las Vegas, NV, Nov. 27-30, 1988  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Papers on the use of ceramic materials for engines are presented, covering topics such as processing techniques for powders and composites, the rheological aspects of processing, processing nitride and carbide systems, joining and coatings, the mechanical properties of various ceramics, thermal and mechanical behavior, creep and fatigue behavior, toughened materials, nondestructive evaluation, machining and wear, and engine components. Specific topics include the characterization of Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} powder for injection molding, zircon/zirconia structural ceramic materials for engine applications, SiC whiskers, part distortion for binder removal, undoped and low-doped Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} with whisker reinforcement, gas pressure combustion sintering of TiB2-based composites, ZrC-BN coating for the thermal protection of C-C composites, colloidal processing of Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} ceramics, the transient thermoelastic fracture analysis of ceramic-to-metal bonds, Ti-vapor-coated Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} braze joints, diesel engine combustion and the rupture strength of partially-stabilized zirconia, and thermal shock resistance characterization of cellular alumina ceramics. Other topics include determination of K(Ic) values, high temperature cavitation of HIP Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}, the creep behavior of yttria- and alumina-doped SiN, biaxial static fatigue of Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}, proton NMR as a characterization method for polymeric binders in Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}, and the use of Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} in gas engine applications.

Tennery, V.J.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

ENSC 461: Four-Stroke Diesel Engine School of Engineering Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and brake unit (HM 365), and internal combustion engine basic module (CT 159). Internal combustion engine basic module The internal combustion engine basic module forms the basis for investigations and experiments on internal combustion engines. This unit is equipped with mechanisms for measuring fuel and air

Bahrami, Majid

406

Asymptotic behavior of an elastic satellite with internal friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the dynamics of an elastic body whose shape and position evolve due to the gravitational forces exerted by a pointlike planet. The main result is that, if all the deformations of the satellite dissipate some energy, then under a suitable nondegeneracy condition there are only three possible outcomes for the dynamics: (i) the orbit of the satellite is unbounded, (ii) the satellite falls on the planet, (iii) the satellite is captured in synchronous resonance i.e. its orbit is asymptotic to a motion in which the barycenter moves on a circular orbit, and the satellite moves rigidly, always showing the same face to the planet. The result is obtained by making use of LaSalle's invariance principle and by a careful kinematic analysis showing that energy stops dissipating only on synchronous orbits. We also use in quite an extensive way the fact that conservative elastodynamics is a Hamiltonian system invariant under the action of the rotation group.

Emanuele Haus; Dario Bambusi

2012-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

407

Synergistic effects of MoDTC and ZDTP on frictional behaviour of tribofilms at the nanometer scale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conditions in automotive engines, lubricating oils contain several additives, among which there are detergent ways resulting either in synergies or in adverse effects affecting the oil performance regarding anti1 Synergistic effects of MoDTC and ZDTP on frictional behaviour of tribofilms at the nanometer

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

408

Macroscopic approach to the Casimir friction force  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The general formula is derived for the vacuum friction force between two parallel perfectly flat planes bounding two material media separated by a vacuum gap and moving relative to each other with a constant velocity $\\mathbf{v}$. The material media are described in the framework of macroscopic electrodynamics whereas the nonzero temperature and dissipation are taken into account by making use of the Kubo formulae from non-equilibrium statistical thermodynamics. The formula obtained provides a rigorous basis for calculation of the vacuum friction force within the quantum field theory methods in the condensed matter physics. The revealed $v$-dependence of the vacuum friction force proves to be the following: for zero temperature ($T=0$) it is proportional to $(v/c)^3$ and for $T>0$ this force is linear in $(v/c)$.

V. V. Nesterenko; A. V. Nesterenko

2014-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

409

Casimir friction at zero and finite temperatures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Casimir friction problem for dielectric plates that move parallel to each other is treated by assuming one of the plates to be at rest. The other performs a closed loop motion in the longitudinal direction. Therewith by use of energy dissipation the formalism becomes more manageable and transparent than in the conventional setting where uniform sliding motion is assumed from $t=-\\infty$ to $t=+\\infty$. One avoids separating off a reversible interparticle force (independent of friction) from the total force. Moreover, the cases of temperatures $T=0$ and finite $T$ are treated on the same footing. For metal plates we find the friction force to be proportional to $v^3$ at $T=0$ while at finite $T$ it is proportional to $v$ for small $v$ as found earlier. Comparisons with earlier results of Pendry (1997, 2010) and Barton (2011) are made.

Johan S. Høye; Iver Brevik

2014-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

410

Friction and dilatancy in immersed granular matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The friction of a sliding plate on a thin immersed granular layer obeys Amonton-Coulomb law. We bring to the fore a large set of experimental results which indicate that, over a few decades of values, the effective dynamical friction-coefficient depends neither on the viscosity of the interstitial fluid nor on the size of beads in the sheared layer, which bears out the analogy with the solid-solid friction in a wide range of experimental parameters. We accurately determine the granular-layer dilatancy, which dependance on the grain size and slider velocity can be qualitatively accounted by considering the rheological behaviour of the whole slurry. However, additional results, obtained after modification of the grain surface by a chemical treatment, demonstrate that the theoretical description of the flow properties of granular matter, even immersed, requires the detailed properties of the grain surface to be taken into account.

Thibaut Divoux; Jean-Christophe Géminard

2008-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

411

Dynamical friction in modified Newtonian dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have tested a previous analytical estimate of the dynamical friction timescale in Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) with fully non-linear N-body simulations. The simulations confirm that the dynamical friction timescale is significantly shorter in MOND than in equivalent Newtonian systems, i.e. systems with the same phase-space distribution of baryons and additional dark matter. An apparent conflict between this result and the long timescales determined for bars to slow and mergers to be completed in previous N-body simulations of MOND systems is explained. The confirmation of the short dynamical-friction timescale in MOND underlines the challenge that the Fornax dwarf spheroidal poses to the viability of MOND.

C. Nipoti; L. Ciotti; J. Binney; P. Londrillo

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

412

NREL: Systems Engineering - Workshops  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Workshops The Wind Energy Systems Engineering Workshop is a biennial workshop that invites speakers from academia, industry, and international research laboratories to discuss...

413

Intern experience with the Environmental Laboratory of the U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station: an internship report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experiment Station. May 1987. Clifford Lee Truitt, BS, Florida Institute of Technology; M.Eng., Texas A&M University Co-chairmen of Advisory Committee: Dr. John B. Herbich Dr. Edward J. Rhomberg This report describes an internship completed by the author... the author managed and executed a complete, comprehensive engineering pro? ject examining the feasibility of an innovative dredged material dis? posal technique. The Indiana Harbor project provided an opportunity to function as a member of a large inter...

Truitt, Clifford Lee, 1948-

2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

414

Negative skin friction at Keehi interchange  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is assumed to be the sum of the structural load, gt, a drag force, F'n, due to the fill within the pile group and a drag force F'n due to the negative skin friction of the soft layer. F = ()t + F'n + F"n (2. 1) where F'n is the weight of fill carried... of this method for an actual case. 2. 2. 3 Brome Brome (1969) describes the state of the practice in Sweden for the calculation of drag forces on piles due to negative skin friction. In Sweden most piles are driven to rock. The compression of the pile...

Porwoll, Hubert

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

415

High fidelity frictional models for MEMS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary goals of the present study are to: (1) determine how and why MEMS-scale friction differs from friction on the macro-scale, and (2) to begin to develop a capability to perform finite element simulations of MEMS materials and components that accurately predicts response in the presence of adhesion and friction. Regarding the first goal, a newly developed nanotractor actuator was used to measure friction between molecular monolayer-coated, polysilicon surfaces. Amontons law does indeed apply over a wide range of forces. However, at low loads, which are of relevance to MEMS, there is an important adhesive contribution to the normal load that cannot be neglected. More importantly, we found that at short sliding distances, the concept of a coefficient of friction is not relevant; rather, one must invoke the notion of 'pre-sliding tangential deflections' (PSTD). Results of a simple 2-D model suggests that PSTD is a cascade of small-scale slips with a roughly constant number of contacts equilibrating the applied normal load. Regarding the second goal, an Adhesion Model and a Junction Model have been implemented in PRESTO, Sandia's transient dynamics, finite element code to enable asperity-level simulations. The Junction Model includes a tangential shear traction that opposes the relative tangential motion of contacting surfaces. An atomic force microscope (AFM)-based method was used to measure nano-scale, single asperity friction forces as a function of normal force. This data is used to determine Junction Model parameters. An illustrative simulation demonstrates the use of the Junction Model in conjunction with a mesh generated directly from an atomic force microscope (AFM) image to directly predict frictional response of a sliding asperity. Also with regards to the second goal, grid-level, homogenized models were studied. One would like to perform a finite element analysis of a MEMS component assuming nominally flat surfaces and to include the effect of roughness in such an analysis by using a homogenized contact and friction models. AFM measurements were made to determine statistical information on polysilicon surfaces with different roughnesses, and this data was used as input to a homogenized, multi-asperity contact model (the classical Greenwood and Williamson model). Extensions of the Greenwood and Williamson model are also discussed: one incorporates the effect of adhesion while the other modifies the theory so that it applies to the case of relatively few contacting asperities.

Carpick, Robert W. (University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI); Reedy, Earl David, Jr.; Bitsie, Fernando; de Boer, Maarten Pieter; Corwin, Alex David; Ashurst, William Robert (Auburn University, Auburn, AL); Jones, Reese E.; Subhash, Ghatu S. (Michigan Technological Institute, Houghton, MI); Street, Mark D. (University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI); Sumali, Anton Hartono; Antoun, Bonnie R.; Starr, Michael James; Redmond, James Michael; Flater, Erin E. (University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI)

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

IMPROVING MIX DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF PERMEABLE FRICTION COURSE MIXTURES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Permeable friction course (PFC), or new generation open-graded friction course (OGFC) mixtures, are hot mix asphalt (HMA) characterized by high total air voids (AV) content (minimum 18 %) as compared to the most commonly used dense-graded HMA...

Alvarez Lugo, Allex Eduardo

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

417

Friction and Wear Enhancement of Titanium Alloy Engine Components...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

0 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C. pm007blau2010o.pdf More Documents &...

418

Friction and Wear Reduction in Diesel Engine Valve Trains  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

commercial exhaust valve * Surface damage from 20,000 impacts displays micro-welding, plastic deformation, and transfer. 9 Managed by UT-Battelle for the Department of Energy...

419

Friction Modeling for Lubricated Engine and Drivetrain Components |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Electrical Resistivity Structure |Accomplishments

420

Friction and Wear Enhancement of Titanium Alloy Engine Components |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Electrical Resistivity StructureDepartment of Energy 1 DOE

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Friction and Wear Enhancement of Titanium Alloy Engine Components |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Electrical Resistivity StructureDepartment of Energy 1

422

Engine Friction Reduction Through Surface Finish and Coatings | Department  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPCof Energy 12, 2004Department ofEnforcingVehicleof Energy

423

U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCar & Vehicle Technologies Program CARB Executive Order Exemption Process for a Hydrogen-fueled Internal Combustion engine Vehicle -- Status Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The CARB Executive Order Exemption Process for a Hydrogen-fueled Internal Combustion Engine Vehicle was undertaken to define the requirements to achieve a California Air Resource Board Executive Order for a hydrogenfueled vehicle retrofit kit. A 2005 to 2006 General Motors Company Sierra/Chevrolet Silverado 1500HD pickup was assumed to be the build-from vehicle for the retrofit kit. The emissions demonstration was determined not to pose a significant hurdle due to the non-hydrocarbon-based fuel and lean-burn operation. However, significant work was determined to be necessary for Onboard Diagnostics Level II compliance. Therefore, it is recommended that an Experimental Permit be obtained from the California Air Resource Board to license and operate the vehicles for the durability of the demonstration in support of preparing a fully compliant and certifiable package that can be submitted.

Not Available

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

MN Center for Renewable Energy: Cellulosic Ethanol, Optimization of Bio-fuels in Internal Combustion Engines, & Course Development for Technicians in These Areas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This final report for Grant #DE-FG02-06ER64241, MN Center for Renewable Energy, will address the shared institutional work done by Minnesota State University, Mankato and Minnesota West Community and Technical College during the time period of July 1, 2006 to December 30, 2008. There was a no-cost extension request approved for the purpose of finalizing some of the work. The grant objectives broadly stated were to 1) develop educational curriculum to train technicians in wind and ethanol renewable energy, 2) determine the value of cattails as a biomass crop for production of cellulosic ethanol, and 3) research in Optimization of Bio-Fuels in Internal Combustion Engines. The funding for the MN Center for Renewable Energy was spent on specific projects related to the work of the Center.

John Frey

2009-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

425

Roles of Dry Friction in Fluctuating Motion of Adiabatic Piston  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The motion of an adiabatic piston under dry friction is investigated to clarify the roles of dry friction in non-equilibrium steady states. We clarify that dry friction can reverse the direction of the piston motion and causes a discontinuity or a cusp-like singularity for velocity distribution functions of the piston. We also show that the heat fluctuation relation is modified under dry friction.

Tomohiko G. Sano; Hisao Hayakawa

2014-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

426

INTERNATIONAL COURSEGUIDE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Applied Science, Arts and Design, Information Sciences and Engineering. INTERNATIONAL COURSE GUIDE01 #00212K, University of Canberra College #01893E. Information in this guide was correct at time in a competitive global market. This can involve work integrated learning, and in many courses students have

Canberra, University of

427

Friction Stir Welding John Hinch and John Rudge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Friction Stir Welding John Hinch and John Rudge September 11, 2002 1 Introduction Friction Stir Welding is an innovative technique for joining two pieces of metal. A rapidly rotating tool is pushed that a good model of friction stir welding should be able to predict - the power, the force, the temperature

Rudge, John

428

Enhancing Physicality in Touch Interaction with Programmable Friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhancing Physicality in Touch Interaction with Programmable Friction Vincent Lévesque1 , Louise possibilities and outcomes when touch interactions are enhanced with variable surface friction. In a series of four studies, we first confirm that variable friction gives significant performance advantages in low

Levesque, Vincent

429

Friction versus dilation revisited: Insights from theoretical and numerical models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Friction versus dilation revisited: Insights from theoretical and numerical models N. Makedonska,1 controlled by the frictional strength of the fault gouge, a granular layer that accumulates between the fault friction coefficient) of such granular layers is the systems resistance to dilation, a byprocess

Einat, Aharonov

430

ORIGINAL PAPER Modeling of Thermal-Assisted Dislocation Friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL PAPER Modeling of Thermal-Assisted Dislocation Friction Y. Liao · L. D. Marks Received: 25+Business Media, LLC 2009 Abstract We generalize a model for friction at a sliding interface involving the motion of thermally activated friction. Going further, we suggest a plausible method for generalizing the fric- tional

Marks, Laurence D.

431

Dry friction avalanches: Experiment and theory Sergey V. Buldyrev,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dry friction avalanches: Experiment and theory Sergey V. Buldyrev,1 John Ferrante,2 and Fredy R and theoretical models are presented supporting the conjecture that dry friction stick-slip is described by self the variation of the friction force as a function of time. We study nominally flat surfaces of matching aluminum

Buldyrev, Sergey

432

Friction-Induced Vibrations in Railway Transportation Chandra Prakash Sharma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Friction-Induced Vibrations in Railway Transportation by Chandra Prakash Sharma B. Tech., Sardar;Abstract Controlling friction at the wheel-rail interface is indispensable for extending track life implementation of friction modifier system consists of a stick-tube assembly, attached through a bracket which

Phani, A. Srikantha

433

Friction and Adhesion Hysteresis between Surfactant Monolayers in Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Friction and Adhesion Hysteresis between Surfactant Monolayers in Water Wuge H. Briscoe Physical friction between two surfaces in adhesive contact with the loading­unloading adhesion hysteresis between them. We then examine in light of this model the observed low friction between two mica surfaces coated

Klein, Jacob

434

Solid friction in gel electrophoresis S. F. Burlatskya)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solid friction in gel electrophoresis S. F. Burlatskya) and John M. Deutch Department of Chemistry 1995 We study the influence of solid frictional forces acting on polymer chains moving in a random environment. We show that the total reduction in the chain tension resulting from the small friction between

Deutch, John

435

Molecular friction and epitactic coupling between monolayers in supported bilayers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1535 Molecular friction and epitactic coupling between monolayers in supported bilayers R. Merkel un substrat de membrane couplée (Evans et Sackmann, 1988), on détermine la friction moléculaire coefficients de friction entre les couches en fixant la couche mononucléaire proximale sur le substrat par des

Boyer, Edmond

436

Friction as an activated process Ondej Soucek, Frantisek Gallovic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Friction as an activated process Ondej Soucek, Frantisek Gallovic Mathematical Institute University in Prague 30.11.2011 (Geodynamical seminar) Friction as an activated process 30.11.2011 1 / 19 #12 - non-smoothness of the "potentials" (Geodynamical seminar) Friction as an activated process 30

Cerveny, Vlastislav

437

ON THE IDENTIFICATION AND HAPTIC DISPLAY OF FRICTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON THE IDENTIFICATION AND HAPTIC DISPLAY OF FRICTION A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT by Christopher Richard All Rights Reserved #12;iv Abstract Although friction is an important phenomenon and greatly affects the way in which individ- uals interact with the world, friction is all but absent from

Stanford University

438

Seismic Interstory Drift Demands in Steel Friction Damped Braced Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 2.4: Sumitomo friction damper and installation detail (Aiken and Kelly 1990) .... 9 Figure 2.5: Slotted bolted connection of Fitzgerald (1989) and typical force- displacement loop... a superior performance of friction damped braced frames (FDBFs) using this device compared to traditional earthquake resisting systems. Figure 2.2: Friction Damper of Pall (1982) 8 In Japan, Sumitomo Metal Industries developed...

Peternell Altamira, Luis E.

2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

439

Correlations to predict frictional pressure loss of hydraulic-fracturing slurry in coiled tubing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Compared with conventional-tubing fracturing, coiled-tubing (CT) fracturing has several advantages. CT fracturing has become an effective stimulation technique for multizone oil and gas wells. It is also an attractive production-enhancement method for multiseam coalbed-methane wells, and wells with bypassed zones. The excessive frictional pressure loss through CT has been a concern in fracturing. The small diameter of the string limits the cross-sectional area open to flow. Furthermore, the tubing curvature causes secondary flow and results in extra flow resistance. This increased frictional pressure loss results in high surface pumping pressure. The maximum possible pump rate and sand concentration, therefore, have to be reduced. To design a CT fracturing job properly, it is essential to predict the frictional pressure loss through the tubing accurately. This paper presents correlations for the prediction of frictional pressure loss of fracturing slurries in straight tubing and CT. They are developed on the basis of full-scale slurry-flow tests with 11/2-in. CT and slurries prepared with 35 lbm/1,000 gal of guar gel. The extensive experiments were conducted at the full-scale CT-flow test facility. The proposed correlations have been verified with the experimental data and actual field CT-fracturing data. Case studies of wells recently fractured are provided to demonstrate the application of the correlations. The correlations will be useful to the CT engineers in their hydraulics design calculations.

Shah, S.; Zhoi, Y.X.; Bailey, M.; Hernandez, J. [University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States)

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

Critical length limiting super-low friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the demonstration of super-low friction (superlubricity) in graphite at nanoscale, one of the main challenges in the field of nano- and micro-mechanics was to scale this phenomenon up. A key question to be addressed is to what extent superlubricity could persist, and what mechanisms could lead to its failure. Here, using an edge-driven Frenkel-Kontorova model, we establish a connection between the critical length above which superlubricity disappears and both intrinsic material properties and experimental parameters. A striking boost in dissipated energy with chain length emerges abruptly due to a high-friction stick-slip mechanism caused by deformation of the slider leading to a local commensuration with the substrate lattice. We derived a parameter-free analytical model for the critical length that is in excellent agreement with our numerical simulations. Our results provide a new perspective on friction and nano-manipulation and can serve as a theoretical basis for designing nano-devices with super-low friction, such as carbon nanotubes.

Ming Ma; Andrea Benassi; Andrea Vanossi; Michael Urbakh

2015-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Casimir Friction Force for Moving Harmonic Oscillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Casimir friction is analyzed for a pair of dielectric particles in relative motion. We first adopt a microscopic model for harmonically oscillating particles at finite temperature T moving non-relativistically with constant velocity. We use a statistical-mechanical description where time-dependent correlations are involved. This description is physical and direct, and, in spite of its simplicity, is able to elucidate the essentials of the problem. This treatment elaborates upon, and extends, an earlier theory of ours back in 1992. The energy change Delta E turns out to be finite in general, corresponding to a finite friction force. In the limit of zero temperature the formalism yields, however, Delta E ->0, this being due to our assumption about constant velocity, meaning slowly varying coupling. For couplings varying more rapidly, there will also be a finite friction force at T=0. As second part of our work, we consider the friction problem using time-dependent perturbation theory. The dissipation, basically a second order effect, is obtainable with the use of first order theory, the reason being the absence of cross terms due to uncorrelated phases of eigenstates. The third part of the present paper is to demonstrate explicitly the equivalence of our results with those recently obtained by Barton (2010); this being not a trivial task since the formal results are seemingly quite different from each other.

Johan S. Høye; Iver Brevik

2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

442

Analytical Framework to Evaluate Emission Control Systems for Marine Engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J. , Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals. March 31stfrom a large ship diesel engine. Atmos. Environ. 2009, 43 (low-speed marine diesel engine. Aerosol Sci. Technol. 2007,

Jayaram, Varalakshmi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Modelling of the Effects of Friction and Compression on Explosives ESGI80 Modelling of the Effects of Friction and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modelling of the Effects of Friction and Compression on Explosives ESGI80 Modelling of the Effects of Friction and Compression on Explosives Problem presented by John Curtis Atomic Weapons Establishment, based on the compression of a sample of the explosive. The study group identified frictional heating

Purvis, Richard

444

Engineering Technician  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Alternate Title(s):Civil Engineering Technician; Electrical Engineering Technician; Mechanical Engineering Technician; Environmental Engineering Technician

445

International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science & Engineering (M&C 2013) Sun Valley, Idaho, USA, May 5-9, 2013, on CD-ROM, American Nuclear Society, LaGrange Park, IL (2013)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science & Engineering (M&C 2013) Sun Valley, Idaho, USA, May 5-9, 2013, on CD-ROM, American Nuclear Society, La transport criticality problems. Traditional methods for computing this eigenvalue/eigenvector pair

Kelley, C. T. "Tim"

446

Chaudhary, K., Dai, X., Grundy, J.C. , Experiences in Developing a Micro-payment System for Peer-to-Peer Networks, International Journal of Information Technology and Web Engineering, vol. 5, no. 1, 2010, IGI Global.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global. Experiences in Developing a Micro-payment System for Peer-to-Peer Networks Kaylash Chaudhary11 Chaudhary, K., Dai, X., Grundy, J.C. , Experiences in Developing a Micro-payment System for Peer-to-Peer Networks, International Journal of Information Technology and Web Engineering, vol. 5, no. 1, 2010, IGI

Grundy, John

447

Sandia National Laboratories: Sandia Expands an International...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ClimateECAbout ECFacilitiesCRFSandia Expands an International Collaboration and Web Database on Engine Fuel Spray Combustion Research Sandia Expands an International Collaboration...

448

Shear Jamming in Granular Experiments without Basal Friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jammed states of frictional granular systems can be induced by shear strain at densities below the isostatic jamming density ($\\phi_c$). It remains unclear, however, how much friction affects this so-called shear-jamming. Friction appears in two ways in this type of experiment: friction between particles, and friction between particles and the base on which they rest. Here, we study how particle-bottom friction, or basal friction, affects shear jamming in quasi-two dimensional experiments. In order to study this issue experimentally, we apply simple shear to a disordered packing of photoelastic disks. We can tune the basal friction of the particles by immersing the particles in a density matched liquid, thus removing the normal force, hence the friction, between the particles and base. We record the overall shear stress, and particle motion, and the photoelastic response of the particles. We compare the shear response of dry and immersed samples, which enables us to determine how basal friction affects shear jamming. Our findings indicate that changing the basal friction shifts the point of shear jamming, but it does not change the basic phenomenon of shear jamming.

Hu Zheng; Joshua A. Dijksman; Robert P. Behringer

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

449

Friction Reduction for Microhole CT Drilling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this 24 month project focused on improving microhole coiled tubing drilling bottom hole assembly (BHA) reliability and performance, while reducing the drilling cost and complexity associated with inclined/horizontal well sections. This was to be accomplished by eliminating the need for a downhole drilling tractor or other downhole coiled tubing (CT) friction mitigation techniques when drilling long (>2,000 ft.) of inclined/horizontal wellbore. The technical solution to be developed and evaluated in this project was based on vibrating the coiled tubing at surface to reduce the friction along the length of the downhole CT drillstring. The Phase 1 objective of this project centered on determining the optimum surface-applied vibration system design for downhole CT friction mitigation. Design of the system would be based on numerical modeling and laboratory testing of the CT friction mitigation achieved with various types of surface-applied vibration. A numerical model was developed to predict how far downhole the surface-applied vibration would travel. A vibration test fixture, simulating microhole CT drilling in a horizontal wellbore, was constructed and used to refine and validate the numerical model. Numerous tests, with varying surface-applied vibration parameters were evaluated in the vibration test fixture. The data indicated that as long as the axial force on the CT was less than the helical buckling load, axial vibration of the CT was effective at mitigating friction. However, surface-applied vibration only provided a small amount of friction mitigation as the helical buckling load on the CT was reached or exceeded. Since it would be impractical to assume that routine field operations be conducted at less than the helical buckling load of the CT, it was determined that this technical approach did not warrant the additional cost and maintenance issues that would be associated with the surface vibration equipment. As such, the project was concluded following completion of Phase 1, and Phase 2 (design, fabrication, and testing of a prototype surface vibration system) was not pursued.

Ken Newman; Patrick Kelleher; Edward Smalley

2007-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

450

Control of friction at the nanoscale  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and apparatus are described for control of friction at the nanoscale. A method of controlling frictional dynamics of a plurality of particles using non-Lipschitzian control includes determining an attribute of the plurality of particles; calculating an attribute deviation by subtracting the attribute of the plurality of particles from a target attribute; calculating a non-Lipschitzian feedback control term by raising the attribute deviation to a fractionary power .xi.=(2m+1)/(2n+1) where n=1, 2, 3 . . . and m=0, 1, 2, 3 . . . , with m strictly less than n and then multiplying by a control amplitude; and imposing the non-Lipschitzian feedback control term globally on each of the plurality of particles; imposing causes a subsequent magnitude of the attribute deviation to be reduced.

Barhen, Jacob; Braiman, Yehuda Y.; Protopopescu, Vladimir

2010-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

451

Prerequisites: Control Systems I+II, Engine Class (IC Engines and Propulsion Systems, Introduction to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Modeling and Control of Internal Combustion Engine Systems,...), Matlab/Simulink experience Contact for a Novel Engine Concept Position Control for an Internal Combustion Engine (Simulation) Description an internal combustion engine piston follow a reference position trajectory with sufficient accuracy

Daraio, Chiara

452

The effect of friction on drum brakes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The boundary element method (BEM) has been developed for a long period of time. Cruse and Wilson developed an isoparametric quadratic element. Rizzo, Cruse, Rizzo and Shippy, and Swedlow and cruse applied the method to various problems. It shows that the BEM can provide a very good analytical result in the linear problem and it can reduce time in preparation of numerical data. Watson and Newcomb pointed out that the pressure distribution on the contact surface of the brake drum and the lining plate do not vary significantly along the axis. The deflection can be reduced by an appropriate design of the web; therefore, two dimensional analysis with the BEM is used in this analysis. Based on the authors` knowledge, this is the first paper to analyze the drum brake by using the BEM. The assumptions are the brake drum to be a rigid body, perfect interface contact between the drum and the shoe, the constant friction coefficient of the friction material and the thermal effect to be neglected. The two dimensional equations are derived based on the Somigliana`s identity. Since there is no shape function and no need of the Jacobin for the coordinate transform, to integrate numerically is easier and to write a computer code is simpler for the constant value element than the second order element. The linear element is inappropriate to treat the comer problem. Using the linear elements or second order elements creates discontinuous phenomena along the irregular boundary. The common nodal point has different normal vector and boundary conditions. It is necessary to have an extra equation to provide a unique solution for the final linear equation. Using the constant value element can get rid of this problem. The effect of the friction on the pressure distribution at the friction interface is studied. The calculated results of the pressure distribution are compared with the available data. The mathematical model can be used as a design tool to predict the performance of drum brakes.

Huang, Y.M.; Shyr, J.S. [National Taiwan Univ. (China)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

453

Friction- and wear-reducing coating  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A coating includes a first layer of a ceramic alloy and a second layer disposed on the first layer and including carbon. The coating has a hardness of from 10 to 20 GPa and a coefficient of friction of less than or equal to 0.12. A method of coating a substrate includes cleaning the substrate, forming the first layer on the substrate, and depositing the second layer onto the first layer to thereby coat the substrate.

Zhu, Dong (Farmington Hills, MI); Milner, Robert (Warren, MI); Elmoursi, Alaa AbdelAzim (Troy, MI)

2011-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

454

Mutual Friction in Superfluid Neutron Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss vortex-mediated mutual friction in the two-fluid model for superfluid neutron star cores. Our discussion is based on the general formalism developed by Carter and collaborators, which makes due distinction between transport velocity and momentum for each fluid. This is essential for an implementation of the so-called entrainment effect, whereby the flow of one fluid imparts momentum in the other and vice versa. The mutual friction follows by balancing the Magnus force that acts on the quantised neutron vortices with a resistive force due to the scattering of electrons off of the magnetic field with which each vortex core is endowed. We derive the form of the macroscopic mutual friction force which is relevant for a model based on smooth-averaging over a collection of vortices. We discuss the coefficients that enter the expression for this force, and the timescale on which the two interpenetrating fluids in a neutron star core are coupled. This discussion confirms that our new formulation accords well with previous work in this area.

N. Andersson; T. Sidery; G. L. Comer

2005-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

455

Some Hamiltonian models of friction II  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the present paper we consider the motion of a very heavy tracer particle in a medium of a very dense, non-interacting Bose gas. We prove that, in a certain mean-field limit, the tracer particle will be decelerated and come to rest somewhere in the medium. Friction is caused by emission of Cerenkov radiation of gapless modes into the gas. Mathematically, a system of semilinear integro-differential equations, introduced in Froehlich et al. ['Some hamiltonian models of friction,' J. Math. Phys. 52(8), 083508 (2011)], describing a tracer particle in a dispersive medium is investigated, and decay properties of the solution are proven. This work is an extension of Froehlich et al. ['Friction in a model of hamiltonian dynamics,' Commun. Math. Phys. 315(2), 401-444 (2012)]; it is an extension because no weak coupling limit for the interaction between tracer particle and medium is assumed. The technical methods used are dispersive estimates and a contraction principle.

Egli, Daniel; Gang Zhou [Institute for Theoretical Physics, ETH Zurich, CH-8093 Zuerich (Switzerland)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

456

Engineering Electrical &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Engineering Electrical & Electronic Engineering Mechatronics Engineering Mechanical Engineering Civil Engineering Natural Resources Engineering Forest Engineering Chemical & Process Engineering ELECTIVE 2 Required Engineering Intermediate Year 2011 Eight Required Courses Chart: 120 points College

Hickman, Mark

457

Engineering Electrical &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Engineering Electrical & Electronic Engineering Mechatronics Engineering Mechanical Engineering Civil Engineering Natural Resources Engineering Forest Engineering Chemical & Process Engineering ELECTIVE 2 Required Engineering Intermediate Year 2012 Eight Required Courses Chart: 120 points College

Hickman, Mark

458

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of internal combustion engine technology. (cont'd.) (bio cont'd.) At Cummins he was directly involved in diesel engine technology - that achieve near-zero exhaust emissions, will be presented. The talk with almost every new engine and exhaust emission program from 1993 to the present day. These programs

459

Engineering Engineering Education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E School of Engineering Engineering Education in a University Setting 292 Degree Programs in Engineering 294 Special Programs 296 Honors 298 Academic Regulations 300 Courses of Study 305 Engineering of Engineering is the largest and oldest private engineering school in the South. Classes offering engineering

Simaan, Nabil

460

Dynamic recrystallization in friction surfaced austenitic stainless steel coatings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Friction surfacing involves complex thermo-mechanical phenomena. In this study, the nature of dynamic recrystallization in friction surfaced austenitic stainless steel AISI 316L coatings was investigated using electron backscattered diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The results show that the alloy 316L undergoes discontinuous dynamic recrystallization under conditions of moderate Zener-Hollomon parameter during friction surfacing. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Dynamic recrystallization in alloy 316L friction surfaced coatings is examined. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Friction surfacing leads to discontinuous dynamic recrystallization in alloy 316L. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Strain rates in friction surfacing exceed 400 s{sup -1}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Estimated grain size matches well with experimental observations in 316L coatings.

Puli, Ramesh, E-mail: rameshpuli2000@gmail.com; Janaki Ram, G.D.

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

STUDIES OF WALL FLAME QUENCHING AND HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS IN A MODEL SPARK IGNITION ENGINE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Piston of an Internal Combustion Engine," In . J. Mech.Cylinder of an Internal Combustion Engine," SAE Paper No.Walls of an Internal Combustion Engine, Sixth Symposium (

Ishikawa, Nobuhiko

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Friction (Chapter 5, section 8) & Circular Motion (Chapter 6,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Week 5 Friction (Chapter 5, section 8) & Circular Motion (Chapter 6, sections 1-2) Lecture Quiz 1 travels in time t is: A. x B. 1.5x C. 3x D. 4.5x E. 9x Forces of Friction When an object to the interactions between the object and its environment This resistance is called the force of friction Forces

463

Fact or friction: Inferring rheology from nonvolcanic tremor and low-frequency earthquakes on the deep San Andreas fault  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2.5 Optimal friction coefficient . . . . . . . . . . . . . .effective coefficient of friction. Values for the tremor,procedure on each friction value for each catalogue. Maximum

Thomas, Amanda

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Effective friction law for smallscale fault heterogeneity in 3D dynamic rupture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effective friction law for smallscale fault heterogeneity in 3D dynamic rupture S. Latour,1 M friction, we numerically construct effective friction laws that integrate the effects of smallscale, the static friction heterogeneities and the friction law. We first define a periodic smallscale heterogeneous

Nicolas, Chamot-Rooke

465

Friction Stir Spot Welding of Advanced High Strength Steels II...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

II Friction Stir Spot Welding of Advanced High Strength Steels II 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

466

Micro- and macroscale coefficients of friction of cementitious materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Millions of metric tons of cementitious materials are produced, transported and used in construction each year. The ease or difficulty of handling cementitious materials is greatly influenced by the material friction properties. In the present study, the coefficients of friction of cementitious materials were measured at the microscale and macroscale. The materials tested were commercially-available Portland cement, Class C fly ash, and ground granulated blast furnace slag. At the microscale, the coefficient of friction was determined from the interaction forces between cementitious particles using an Atomic Force Microscope. At the macroscale, the coefficient of friction was determined from stresses on bulk cementitious materials under direct shear. The study indicated that the microscale coefficient of friction ranged from 0.020 to 0.059, and the macroscale coefficient of friction ranged from 0.56 to 0.75. The fly ash studied had the highest microscale coefficient of friction and the lowest macroscale coefficient of friction. -- Highlights: •Microscale (interparticle) coefficient of friction (COF) was determined with AFM. •Macroscale (bulk) COF was measured under direct shear. •Fly ash had the highest microscale COF and the lowest macroscale COF. •Portland cement against GGBFS had the lowest microscale COF. •Portland cement against Portland cement had the highest macroscale COF.

Lomboy, Gilson [Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States)] [Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States); Sundararajan, Sriram, E-mail: srirams@iastate.edu [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States); Wang, Kejin [Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States)] [Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

467

Friction of different monolayer lubricants in MEMs interfaces.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report details results from our last year of work (FY2005) on friction in MEMS as funded by the Campaign 6 program for the Microscale Friction project. We have applied different monolayers to a sensitive MEMS friction tester called the nanotractor. The nanotractor is also a useful actuator that can travel {+-}100 {micro}m in 40 nm steps, and is being considered for several MEMS applications. With this tester, we can find static and dynamic coefficients of friction. We can also quantify deviations from Amontons' and Coulomb's friction laws. Because of the huge surface-to-volume ratio at the microscale, surface properties such as adhesion and friction can dominate device performance, and therefore such deviations are important to quantify and understand. We find that static and dynamic friction depend on the monolayer lubricant applied. The friction data can be modeled with a non-zero adhesion force, which represents a deviation from Amontons' Law. Further, we show preliminary data indicating that the adhesion force depends not only on the monolayer, but also on the normal load applied. Finally, we also observe slip deflections before the transition from static to dynamic friction, and find that they depend on the monolayer.

Carpick, Robert W. (University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI); Street, Mark D. (University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI); Ashurst, William Robert (Auburn University, Auburn, AL); Corwin, Alex David

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Advanced Natural Gas Reciprocating Engine(s)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the Cummins ARES program, in partnership with the US Department of Energy (DOE), is to develop advanced natural gas engine technologies that increase engine system efficiency at lower emissions levels while attaining lower cost of ownership. The goals of the project are to demonstrate engine system achieving 50% Brake Thermal Efficiency (BTE) in three phases, 44%, 47% and 50% (starting baseline efficiency at 36% BTE) and 0.1 g/bhp-hr NOx system out emissions (starting baseline NOx emissions at 2 – 4 g/bhp-hr NOx). Primary path towards above goals include high Brake Mean Effective Pressure (BMEP), improved closed cycle efficiency, increased air handling efficiency and optimized engine subsystems. Cummins has successfully demonstrated each of the phases of this program. All targets have been achieved through application of a combined set of advanced base engine technologies and Waste Heat Recovery from Charge Air and Exhaust streams, optimized and validated on the demonstration engine and other large engines. The following architectures were selected for each Phase: Phase 1: Lean Burn Spark Ignited (SI) Key Technologies: High Efficiency Turbocharging, Higher Efficiency Combustion System. In production on the 60/91L engines. Over 500MW of ARES Phase 1 technology has been sold. Phase 2: Lean Burn Technology with Exhaust Waste Heat Recovery (WHR) System Key Technologies: Advanced Ignition System, Combustion Improvement, Integrated Waste Heat Recovery System. Base engine technologies intended for production within 2 to 3 years Phase 3: Lean Burn Technology with Exhaust and Charge Air Waste Heat Recovery System Key Technologies: Lower Friction, New Cylinder Head Designs, Improved Integrated Waste Heat Recovery System. Intended for production within 5 to 6 years Cummins is committed to the launch of next generation of large advanced NG engines based on ARES technology to be commercialized worldwide.

Pike, Edward

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

469

Friction in a Model of Hamiltonian Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the motion of a heavy tracer particle weakly coupled to a dense ideal Bose gas exhibiting Bose-Einstein condensation. In the so-called mean-field limit, the dynamics of this system approaches one determined by nonlinear Hamiltonian evolution equations describing a process of emission of Cerenkov radiation of sound waves into the Bose-Einstein condensate along the particle's trajectory. The emission of Cerenkov radiation results in a friction force with memory acting on the tracer particle and causing it to decelerate until it comes to rest.

Juerg Froehlich; Zhou Gang; Avy Soffer

2011-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

470

Casimir friction: Relative motion more generally  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper extends our recent study on Casimir friction forces for dielectric plates moving parallel to each other [J. S. H{\\o}ye and I. Brevik, Eur. Phys. J. D {\\bf 68}, 61 (2014)], to the case where the plates are no longer restricted to rectilinear motion. Part of the mathematical formalism thereby becomes more cumbersome, but reduces in the end to the form that we could expect to be the natural one in advance. As an example, we calculate the Casimir torque on a planar disc rotating with constant angular velocity around its vertical symmetry axis next to another plate.

Johan S. Høye; Iver Brevik

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

471

A Drucker-Prager model for elastic contact with friction; A Drucker-Prager model for elastic contact with friction.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? In mumerical contact simulations with friction, the simple Coloumb law is usually employed. Standard plasticity models are difficult to use since the balance enforced… (more)

wu, yunxian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING GRADUATE PROGRAM Listing of Faculty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(519) 253-3000 ext. 3886 asobies@uwindsor.ca Research Areas: Internal Combustion Engines, Alternate Fluid Mechanics; Heat Transfer; Combustion; Fuel Cell; Internal Combustion Engine; Environmental Issues; Combustion; Alternative Fuel Engines; Thermal/Fluid Systems; IC Engine Modeling, Emission Measurements #12;

473

International Journal of Information Systems in the Service Sector, 1(3), May, 2009. Service Science, Management, Engineering, and Design (SSMED)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Service Science, Management, Engineering, and Design (SSMED), or service science for short, is an emerging a new and unique service science. Keywords: Service Science Management Engineering and Design, SSMED of Service Science, Management, Engineering, and Design (SSMED) or service science, for short, is outlined

Su, Xiao

474

Proceedings Ninth International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, August, 2001 Effect of Web Search Engine Design on User Performance and Preference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Web Search Engine Design on User Performance and Preference David N. Aurelioa and Ronald R. Mourantb and Industrial Engineering Northeastern University 360 Huntington Avenue Boston, MA 02115 USA The research objective was to gather empirical data about the effects of a Web search engine's user interface on user

475

FRICTION AND WEAR STUDY OF DISPERSED PHASE INTERMETALLIC COMPOUNDS IN FERROUS MATRICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rights. .j . J LBL-5771 FRICTION AND WEAR STUDY OF DISPERSEDS. THESIS) i LBL-5771 FRICTION AND WEAR STUDY OF DISPERSEDWilman, "A Theory of Friction and Wear During the Abrasion

Riddle, R.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Lubricant-Friendly, Superhard and Low-Friction Coatings by Design...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Lubricant-Friendly, Superhard and Low-Friction Coatings by Design Lubricant-Friendly, Superhard and Low-Friction Coatings by Design Superhard and low-friction coatings and surface...

477

Weak formulations and solution multiplicity of equilibrium configurations with Coulomb friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Weak formulations and solution multiplicity of equilibrium configurations with Coulomb friction configurations of elastic struc- tures in contact with Coulomb friction. We obtain a variational formulation configurations with arbitrary small friction coefficients. We illustrate the result in two space dimensions

Bostan, Mihai

478

Multiyear Program Plan: Reducing Friction and Wear in Heavy Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As described in its multiyear program plan for 1998-2000, the Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies (OHVT) envisions the development of a fuel-flexible, energy-efficient, near-zero-emissions, heavy-duty U.S. diesel engine technology devolving into all truck classes as a real and viable strategy for reducing energy requirements for commercial transport services and the rapidly growing multipurpose vehicle market (pickups, vans, and sport utility vehicles). Implementation of the OHVT program plan will have significant national benefits in energy savings, cleaner air, more jobs, and increased gross domestic product (GDP). Successful implementation will reduce the petroleum consumption of Class 1-8 trucks by 1.4 million barrels of oil per day by 2020 and over 1.8 million by 2030, amounting to a reduction in highway petroleum consumption of 13.2% and 18.6%, respectively. All types of regulated emissions will be reduced, that is, 20% drop in PM10 emissions (41,000 metric tons per year) by 203 0, 17% reduction in CO2 greenhouse gases (205 million metric tons per year), 7% reduction in NOx, 20% reduction in NMHC, and 30% reduction in CO. An increase of 15,000 jobs by 2020 is expected, as is an increase of $24 billion in GDP. The strategy of OHVT is to focus primarily on the diesel engine since it has numerous advantages. It has the highest efficiency of any engine today, 45% versus 30% for production gasoline engines; and it can be made more efficient at least to 55% and possibly up to 63%. It is the engine of choice for heavy vehicles (trucks), because it offers power, efficiency, durability, and reliability and is used extensively in rail, marine, and off-road applications. Its emission can be ultra-low to near zero, and the production infrastructure is already in place. The primary goals of OHVT are as follows: (1) Develop by 2002 the diesel-engine enabling technologies to support large-scale industry dieselization of light trucks, achieving a 35% fuel efficiency improvement over equivalent gasoline-fueled trucks. (2) Develop by 2004 the enabling technology for a Class 7-8 truck with a fuel efficiency of 10 mpg (at 65 mph) that will meet prevailing emission standards, using either diesel or a liquid alternative fuel. (3) Develop by 2006 diesel engines with fuel flexibility and a thermal efficiency of 55% with liquid alternative fuels, and a thermal efficiency of 55% with dedicated gaseous fuels. (4) Develop a methodology for analyzing and evaluating the operation of a heavy vehicle as an integrated system, considering such factors as engine efficiency; emissions; rolling resistance; aerodynamic drag; friction, wear, and lubrication effects; auxiliary power units; material substitutions for reducing weight; and other sources of parasitic energy losses. Overarching these considerations is the need to preserve system functionality, cost, competitiveness, reliability, durability, and safety.

R.R. Fessler; G.R. Fenske

1999-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

479

Friction and the Inverted Pendulum Stabilization Problem Sue Ann Campbell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Friction and the Inverted Pendulum Stabilization Problem Sue Ann Campbell Department of Applied. Keywords: inverted pendulum, friction, feedback control, stability analysis. 1 #12;INTRODUCTION to be the cause of failure of a feedback controller to stabilize a three link inverted pendulum system [2

Campbell, Sue Ann

480

Quantized friction force: Lindbladian model satisfying Ehrenfest theorems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a quantum counterpart of classical friction, a dissipative force acting against the direction of motion with the magnitude proportional to particle's velocity. In particular, a Lindblad master equation is derived satisfying the appropriate dynamical relations for observables (i.e., the Ehrenfest theorems). These findings significantly advance a long search for a universal valid Lindbladian model of quantum friction.

Denys I. Bondar; Renan Cabrera; Andre Campos; Herschel A. Rabitz

2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal engine friction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

METHODS PAPER Addressing Practical Challenges of Low Friction Coefficient  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sensitive to the lubrication, environment, and contact conditions, and under nominally constant conditions Tribol Trans ASME 127:673­678, 2005), ``...the measurement of friction coefficient is extremely sensitive, friction coefficients range from about 0.2 to 1 for typical material pairs under standard conditions

Sawyer, Wallace

482

The nonlinear nature of friction Michael Urbakh1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) and GPa (104 atmospheres) within microseconds. These are extreme conditions that cannot always be treated ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Tribology is the study of adhesion, friction, lubrication and wear of surfaces in relative motion areas. The development of durable and/or low-friction surfaces and thin lubricating films has become

La Rosa, Andres H.

483

Friction coefficient of soft contact lenses: measurements and modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, FL 32611, USA Received 12 October 2004; accepted 16 January 2005 Tribological conditions for contact elastohydrodynamic lubrication. Finally, the largest contributors to the friction force in these experiments were comfort is related to friction. The mechanical properties of hydro- gels are extremely sensitive to water

Sawyer, Wallace

484

Model coupling friction and adhesion for steel-concrete interfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Model coupling friction and adhesion for steel- concrete interfaces Michel Raous Laboratoire de: In this paper the interface behaviour between steel and concrete, during pull out tests, is numerically a variable friction coefficient in order to simulate the behaviour of the steel-concrete interface during

Boyer, Edmond

485

INTERNATIONAL International Internship for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS International Internship for Global Leadership Program Student Portugal ­ Laura Sieger Ukraine ­ Mary Brune 2012 Internship Locations #12;Dear Friends and Colleagues of Lehigh University: The International Internship for Global Leadership Program provides Lehigh students

Napier, Terrence

486

E-Print Network 3.0 - asbestos-free friction lining Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

identification necessary. Off-line identification of friction is described by Armstrong 2... -feedback PD part and of an on-line friction compensation term, T f , which...

487

E-Print Network 3.0 - avoid friction induced Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

friction induced Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: avoid friction induced Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 INITIAL DEVELOPMENT OF A...

488

Ice friction: The effects of surface roughness, structure, and hydrophobicity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of surface roughness, structure, and hydrophobicity on ice friction is studied systematically over a wide range of temperature and sliding speeds using several metallic interfaces. Hydrophobicity in combination with controlled roughness at the nanoscale is achieved by femtosecond laser irradiation to mimic the lotus effect on the slider's surface. The controlled roughness significantly increases the coefficient of friction at low sliding speeds and temperatures well below the ice melting point. However, at temperatures close to the melting point and relatively higher speeds, roughness and hydrophobicity significantly decrease ice friction. This decrease in friction is mainly due to the suppression of capillary bridges in spite of the presence of surface asperities that facilitate their formation. Finally, grooves oriented in the sliding direction also significantly decrease friction in the low velocity range compared to scratches and grooves randomly distributed over a surface.

Kietzig, Anne-Marie; Hatzikiriakos, Savvas G.; Englezos, Peter [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z3 (Canada)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

489

Nonlocal microscopic theory of quantum friction between parallel metallic slabs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a new derivation of the friction force between two metallic slabs moving with constant relative parallel velocity, based on T=0 quantum-field theory formalism. By including a fully nonlocal description of dynamically screened electron fluctuations in the slab, and avoiding the usual matching-condition procedure, we generalize previous expressions for the friction force, to which our results reduce in the local limit. Analyzing the friction force calculated in the two local models and in the nonlocal theory, we show that for physically relevant velocities local theories using the plasmon and Drude models of dielectric response are inappropriate to describe friction, which is due to excitation of low-energy electron-hole pairs, which are properly included in nonlocal theory. We also show that inclusion of dissipation in the nonlocal electronic response has negligible influence on friction.

Despoja, Vito [Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC), P. Manuel de Lardizabal, E-20018 San Sebastian, Basque Country (Spain); Department of Physics, University of Zagreb, Bijenicka 32, HR-10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Departamento de Fisica de Materiales and Centro Mixto CSIC-UPV/EHU, Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad del Pais Vasco UPV/EHU, Apto. 1072, E-20080 San Sebastian, Basque Country (Spain); Echenique, Pedro M. [Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC), P. Manuel de Lardizabal, E-20018 San Sebastian, Basque Country (Spain); Departamento de Fisica de Materiales and Centro Mixto CSIC-UPV/EHU, Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad del Pais Vasco UPV/EHU, Apto. 1072, E-20080 San Sebastian, Basque Country (Spain); Sunjic, Marijan [Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC), P. Manuel de Lardizabal, E-20018 San Sebastian, Basque Country (Spain); Department of Physics, University of Zagreb, Bijenicka 32, HR-10000 Zagreb (Croatia)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

Science & Engineering Engineering Databases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-present. Good for computers, electronics, biomedical, control, electrical and ocean engineering, physics9/09 DK,DS Science & Engineering Library Engineering Databases How to search the engineering initials Special features: Limit to peer-reviewed journals Compendex [Engineering Index] 1884-present

Hampton, Randy

491

Prerequisites: Control Systems I+II, Engine Class (IC Engines and Propulsion Systems, Introduction to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Modeling and Control of Internal Combustion Engine Systems,...), Model Predictive Control, Matlab Iterative Learning Control for Internal Combustion Engines Modeling and Control Description: In classical. The objective of this work is to apply learning algorithms to highly dynamic internal combustion engines

Daraio, Chiara

492

Frictional granular mechanics: A variational approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mechanical properties of a cohesionless granular material are evaluated from grain-scale simulations. Intergranular interactions, including friction and sliding, are modeled by a set of contact rules based on the theories of Hertz, Mindlin, and Deresiewicz. A computer generated, three-dimensional, irregular pack of spherical grains is loaded by incremental displacement of its boundaries. Deformation is described by a sequence of static equilibrium configurations of the pack. A variational approach is employed to find the equilibrium configurations by minimizing the total work against the intergranular loads. Effective elastic moduli are evaluated from the intergranular forces and the deformation of the pack. Good agreement between the computed and measured moduli, achieved with no adjustment of material parameters, establishes the physical soundness of the proposed model.

Holtzman, R.; Silin, D.B.; Patzek, T.W.

2009-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

493

Dynamical friction force exerted on spherical bodies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a rigorous calculation of the dynamical friction force exerted on a spherical massive perturber moving through an infinite homogenous system of field stars. By calculating the shape and mass of the polarization cloud induced by the perturber in the background system, which decelerates the motion of the perturber, we recover Chandrasekhar's drag force law with a modified Coulomb logarithm. As concrete examples we calculate the drag force exerted on a Plummer sphere or a sphere with the density distribution of a Hernquist profile. It is shown that the shape of the perturber affects only the exact form of the Coulomb logarithm. The latter converges on small scales, because encounters of the test and field stars with impact parameters less than the size of the massive perturber become inefficient. We confirm this way earlier results based on the impulse approximation of small angle scatterings.

O. Esquivel; B. Fuchs

2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

494

Some Hamiltonian Models of Friction II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the present paper we consider the motion of a very heavy tracer particle in a medium of a very dense, non-interacting Bose gas. We prove that, in a certain mean-field limit, the tracer particle will be decelerated and come to rest somewhere in the medium. Friction is caused by emission of Cerenkov radiation of gapless modes into the gas. Mathematically, a system of semilinear integro-differential equations, introduced in [FSSG10], describing a tracer particle in a dispersive medium is investigated, and decay properties of the solution are proven. This work is an extension of [FGS10]; it is an extension because no weak coupling limit for the interaction between tracer particle and medium is assumed. The technical methods used are dispersive estimates and a contraction principle.

Daniel Egli; Gang Zhou

2011-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

495

High temperature low friction surface coating  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high temperature, low friction, flexible coating for metal surfaces which are subject to rubbing contact includes a mixture of three parts graphite and one part cadmium oxide, ball milled in water for four hours, then mixed with thirty percent by weight of sodium silicate in water solution and a few drops of wetting agent. The mixture is sprayed 12-15 microns thick onto an electro-etched metal surface and air dried for thirty minutes, then baked for two hours at 65.degree. C. to remove the water and wetting agent, and baked for an additional eight hours at about 150.degree. C. to produce the optimum bond with the metal surface. The coating is afterwards burnished to a thickness of about 7-10 microns.

Bhushan, Bharat (Watervliet, NY)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Six ORNL researchers receive SAE International awards | ornl...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of fuels and internal combustion engines. Szybist investigates effects of fuels on combustion, engine efficiency, and emissions for conventional spark ignition and...

497

Ceramics Technology Project database: September 1991 summary report. [Materials for piston ring-cylinder liner for advanced heat/diesel engines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The piston ring-cylinder liner area of the internal combustion engine must withstand very-high-temperature gradients, highly-corrosive environments, and constant friction. Improving the efficiency in the engine requires ring and cylinder liner materials that can survive this abusive environment and lubricants that resist decomposition at elevated temperatures. Wear and friction tests have been done on many material combinations in environments similar to actual use to find the right materials for the situation. This report covers tribology information produced from 1986 through July 1991 by Battelle columbus Laboratories, Caterpillar Inc., and Cummins Engine Company, Inc. for the Ceramic Technology Project (CTP). All data in this report were taken from the project's semiannual and bimonthly progress reports and cover base materials, coatings, and lubricants. The data, including test rig descriptions and material characterizations, are stored in the CTP database and are available to all project participants on request. Objective of this report is to make available the test results from these studies, but not to draw conclusions from these data.

Keyes, B.L.P.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Surface Engineering to Improve the Durability and Lubricity of Ti-6Al-4V Alloy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Titanium alloys offer high strength, high corrosion resistance, and the opportunity to reduce the weight of heavy vehicle engine components, but they do not perform well as bearing surfaces without further treatments or coatings. This paper explores a series of surface engineering treatments to improve the friction and wear behavior of Ti-6Al-4V alloy under diesel engine oil-lubricated conditions.

Bansal, Dinesh G [ORNL; Eryilmaz, Osman L [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Blau, Peter Julian [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Gas-Fired Reciprocating Engines  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The reciprocating, or piston-driven, engine is a widespread and well-known technology. Also called internal combustion engines, reciprocating engines require fuel, air, compression, and a combustion source to function. Depending on the ignition source, they generally fall into two categories: (1) spark-ignited engines, typically fueled by gasoline or natural gas, and (2) compression-ignited engines, typically fueled by diesel oil fuel.

500

INTERNATIONAL UNION OF OPERATING ENGINEERS NATIONAL HAZMAT PROGRAM - MILWAUKEE WORM DRIVE CIRCULAR SAW OENHP{number_sign}: 2001-02, VERSION A  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Florida International University's (FIU) Hemispheric Center for Environmental Technology (HCET) evaluated five saws for their effectiveness in cutting specially prepared fiberglass-reinforced plywood crates. These crates were built as surrogates for crates that presently hold radioactively contaminated glove boxes at the Department of Energy's (DOE) Los Alamos facility. The Milwaukee worm drive circular saw was assessed on August 14, 2001. During the FIU test of efficacy, a team from the Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program (OENHP) evaluated the occupational safety and health issues associated with this technology. The Milwaukee worm drive circular saw is a hand-held tool with a 7 1/4-inch diameter circular blade for cutting wood. The saw contains a fixed upper and a retractable lower blade guard to prevent access to the blade during use. The unit is operated with an on/off guarded trigger switch; and is supported with a handgrip mounted on top of the saw. An adjustable lever sets the depth of cut. The retractable blade guard permits blind or plunge cuts and protects from blade access during shutdown and blade coast. Kickback, the sudden reaction to a pinched blade, is possible when using this saw and could cause the saw to lift up and out of the work piece toward the operator. Proper work position and firm control of the saw minimizes the potential for a sprain or strain. Care needs to be exercised to support the work piece properly and to not force the tool. Personal noise sampling indicated that one worker was near the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) Action Level of 85 decibels (dBA) while the other was at the Action Level with time-weighted averages (TWA's) of 82.7 and 84.6 dBA, respectively. These data are not entirely representative as they were gathered during a simulation and not at the actual worksite. Additional sampling should be conducted on-site, but the workers should wear hearing protection until it is determined that it is no longer necessary. Air sampling was performed while the workers dismantled the fiberglass-reinforced crates. The total nuisance dust sample for the Milwaukee circular saw was 36.07 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m{sup 3}), which is much higher than the OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) of 15 mg/m{sup 3} and the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists' (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value (TLV) of 10 mg/m{sup 3}. Galson Laboratories considered the fiber analysis void due to the overloading of the filter. The PEL for fiberglass is 1 fiber per cubic centimeter (f/cc).

Unknown

2002-01-05T23:59:59.000Z