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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Along-Wind Load Effects on Tall Buildings: Comparative Study of Major International Codes and Standards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

buildings utilizing major international codes and standards: ASCE 7-98 ASCE 1999 , AS1170.2-89 AustralianAlong-Wind Load Effects on Tall Buildings: Comparative Study of Major International Codes and Standards Yin Zhou1 ; Tracy Kijewski, S.M.ASCE2 ; and Ahsan Kareem, M.ASCE3 Abstract: Most international

Kareem, Ahsan

2

Buildings Stock Load Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: An assembly of the various blocks of the library of simbad and simulink permit to model building. Finally the last part prensents the study results: Graphs and tables to see the load shedding strategies impacts....

Joutey, H. A.; Vaezi-Nejad, H.; Clemoncon, B.; Rosenstein, F.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

building load | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

load load Dataset Summary Description This dataset contains hourly load profile data for 16 commercial building types (based off the DOE commercial reference building models) and residential buildings (based off the Building America House Simulation Protocols). This dataset also includes the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for statistical references of building types by location. Source Commercial and Residential Reference Building Models Date Released April 18th, 2013 (9 months ago) Date Updated July 02nd, 2013 (7 months ago) Keywords building building demand building load Commercial data demand Energy Consumption energy data hourly kWh load profiles Residential Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

4

Effects of Material Moisture Adsorption and Desorption on Building Cooling Loads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Moisture adsorption and desorption (MAD) by internal building materials and furnishings can be significant in buildings. For many building cooling strategies, MAD may have overriding effects on building cooling loads. For example, natural...

Fairey, P.; Kosar, D.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Energy Efficiency Indicators for High Electric-Load Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency Indicators for High Electric-Load Buildings Energy Efficiency Indicators for High Electric-Load Buildings Speaker(s): Bernard Aebischer Date: February 6, 2003 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Kristina LaCommare Energy per unit of floor area is not an adequate indictor for energy efficiency in high electric-load buildings. For two activities, restaurants and computer centres, alternative indicators for energy efficiency are discussed. Prerequisites in order to be able to use these indicators in energy efficiency programmes are discussed. The opportunity of an internationally coordinated research activity is also presented. Since 1999, Dr. Bernard Aebischer has served as a senior scientist at CEPE (Centre for Energy Policy and Economics) of the Swiss Federal Institutes of

6

Building Load Simulation and Validation of an Office Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the model for electricity use were calibrated to match the actual electricity use for the average year of the available data for years 1998, 1999, and 2000. The monthly and annual cooling loads of the building were calculated by using the DOE2.1E. The extra...

Alghimlas, F.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Comparison of Building Energy Modeling Programs: Building Loads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of Building Energy Modeling Programs: BuildingComparison of Building Energy Modeling Programs: Buildingof comparing three Building Energy Modeling Programs (BEMPs)

Zhu, Dandan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

A Control Scheme of Enhanced Reliability for Multiple Chiller Plants Using Mergerd Building Cooling Load Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 much on the accuracy of the chiller model. Measurement accuracy and reliability are essential for the accuracy and reliability of chiller sequencing... Central Chilling Plant Monitoring and control Figure 1. Framework of enhancing building cooling load measurements using data fusion 2 ESL-IC-08-10-31 Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany...

Wang, S.; Sun, Y.; Huang, G.; Zhu, N.

9

A detailed loads comparison of three building energy modeling programs:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

detailed loads comparison of three building energy modeling programs: detailed loads comparison of three building energy modeling programs: EnergyPlus, DeST and DOE-2.1E Title A detailed loads comparison of three building energy modeling programs: EnergyPlus, DeST and DOE-2.1E Publication Type Journal Year of Publication 2013 Authors Zhu, Dandan, Tianzhen Hong, Da Yan, and Chuang Wang Date Published 05/2013 Keywords building energy modeling program, building thermal loads, comparison, dest, DOE-2.1E, energyplus Abstract Building energy simulation is widely used to help design energy efficient building envelopes and HVAC systems, develop and demonstrate compliance of building energy codes, and implement building energy rating programs. However, large discrepancies exist between simulation results from different building energy modeling programs (BEMPs). This leads many users and stakeholders

10

The Temperature Sensitivity of the Residential Load and Commercial Building Load  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a building modeling approach to quickly quantify climate change impacts on energy consumption, peak load, and load composition of residential and commercial buildings. This research focuses on addressing the impact of temperature changes on the building heating and cooling load in 10 major cities across the Western United States and Canada. A building simulation software are first used to quantify the hourly energy consumption of different building types by end-use and by vintage. Then, the temperature sensitivities are derived based on the climate data inputs.

Lu, Ning; Taylor, Zachary T.; Jiang, Wei; Correia, James; Leung, Lai R.; Wong, Pak C.

2009-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

11

Markovian Models for Electrical Load Prediction in Smart Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Markovian Models for Electrical Load Prediction in Smart Buildings Muhammad Kumail Haider, Asad,13100004,ihsan.qazi}@lums.edu.pk Abstract. Developing energy consumption models for smart buildings is important develop parsimo- nious Markovian models of smart buildings for different periods in a day for predicting

California at Santa Barbara, University of

12

Building Technologies Office Load Control Strategies  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

BTO researches and implements load control strategies, which support the Sustainable and Holistic IntegratioN of Energy storage and Solar PV (SHINES) FOA.

13

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: QwickLoad  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

QwickLoad QwickLoad QwickLoad logo QwickLoad uses the ASHRAE TFM (Transfer Function Method) algorithms combined with a screen interface that provides building load calculations. It includes a Duct Sizing Program and supports IP and SI units. QwickLoad Residential 7.0 provides heat gain and heat loss calculations for up to 10 zones. QwickLoad Commercial 7.0 provides heat gain and heat loss calculations for up to 500 zones. Zones and plenums can be added or deleted with one button click. Intuitive screens for entering building information. Default is automatically displayed. Construction types for roofs, walls, partitions, windows, shade types, and scheduling control. Complete air-conditioning and heating system control and supply, return, heating and cooling duct static pressure specification. Energy recovery ventilator can

14

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: TRACE Load 700  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Load 700 Load 700 TRACE Load 700 logo. Use TRACE Load 700 software - the building and load design modules of TRACE 700, Trane Air Conditioning Economics - to evaluate the effect of building orientation, size, shape, and mass based on hourly weather data and the resulting heat-transfer characteristics of air and moisture. To assure calculation integrity, the program uses algorithms recommended by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE). Choose from eight different ASHRAE cooling and heating methodologies, including the Exact Transfer Function. The program encourages "what if" analyses, allowing the user to enter construction details in any order and then easily change the resulting building model as the design progresses. Multiple project views and "drag-and-drop"

15

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 7: Supplemental Load Reduction  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7: Supplemental Load 7: Supplemental Load Reduction Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

16

AEDG Implementation Recommendations: Cooling and Heating Loads | Building  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cooling and Heating Loads Cooling and Heating Loads The Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office Buildings, 30% series, seeks to achieve 30% savings over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999. This guide focuses on improvements to small office buildings, less than 20,000ft2. The recommendations in this article are adapted from the implementation section of the guide and focus on heating and cooling system design loads for the purpose of sizing systems and equipment should be calculated in accordance with generally accepted engineering standards and handbooks such as ASHRAE Handbook--Fundamentals. Publication Date: Wednesday, May 13, 2009 air_cooling_and_heating_loads.pdf Document Details Affiliation: DOE BECP Focus: Compliance Building Type: Commercial Code Referenced: ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999

17

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Popolo Utility Load Calculation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Popolo Utility Load Calculation Popolo Utility Load Calculation Popolo Utility Load Calculation is a collection of classes for calculating various heat transfer phenomena. The routines have been written from scratch in C#, and present a modern Applications Programming Interface (API) for .NET Framework programmers, allowing wrappers to be written for very high level languages. It contains classes to calculate solid conduction, convective heat transfer near wall surfaces, air ventilation, radiative heat balance of wall surfaces, transmitted solar radiation through a window, and so on. Users should build up these classes to simulate a whole complex building system. A sample source code to build test cases of BESTEST are provided. Since all the source code is distributed under the GNU General Public License, they can be freely

18

Strategies for mitigating risk to buildings from abnormal load events  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Building structures customarily are designed to withstand loads from their occupants and the natural environment. The normal design process provides a measure of structural integrity that is also available to withstand events that traditionally have been outside the design envelope, including accidents, misuse, and sabotage. Changes in design and construction practices over the past several decades have lessened inherent robustness in certain modern structural systems, making them vulnerable to such events. Social and political factors also have led to an increase in hazardous events that may pose a risk to buildings. Finally, public awareness of building safety has increased as a result of well-publicised natural and man-made disasters. Building practices to mitigate the risk of abnormal loads and ensuing unacceptable damage or collapse can be improved using concepts of structural reliability and risk analysis. This paper summarises the basis for such practices, from the perspective of a structural engineer.

Bruce R. Ellingwood

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Using Whole-Building Electric Load Data in Continuous or Retro-Commissioning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Whole?Building Electric Load Data in   Continuous or Retro?key features of electric load data and may be easier toWhole-Building Electric Load Data in Continuous or Retro-

Price, Phillip N.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Reduced Study Load Application Form International Students on Student Visa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a standard load for the following reasons: Continued on next page #12;CRICOS Provider No. 00300K (NTReduced Study Load Application Form International Students on Student Visa CRICOS Provider No. 00300K (NT/VIC) | CRICOS Provider No. 03286A (NSW) Study Load Requirements International students

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Monitoring of Electrical End-Use Loads in Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Southern California Edison is currently conducting a program to collect end-use metered data from commercial buildings in its service area. The data will provide actual measurements of end-use loads and will be used in research and in designing...

Martinez, M.; Alereza, T.; Mort, D.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Commercial Building Loads Providing Ancillary Services in PJM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The adoption of low carbon energy technologies such as variable renewable energy and electric vehicles, coupled with the efficacy of energy efficiency to reduce traditional base load has increased the uncertainty inherent in the net load shape. Handling this variability with slower, traditional resources leads to inefficient system dispatch, and in some cases may compromise reliability. Grid operators are looking to future energy technologies, such as automated demand response (DR), to provide capacity-based reliability services as the need for these services increase. While DR resources are expected to have the flexibility characteristics operators are looking for, demonstrations are necessary to build confidence in their capabilities. Additionally, building owners are uncertain of the monetary value and operational burden of providing these services. To address this, the present study demonstrates the ability of demand response resources providing two ancillary services in the PJM territory, synchronous reserve and regulation, using an OpenADR 2.0b signaling architecture. The loads under control include HVAC and lighting at a big box retail store and variable frequency fan loads. The study examines performance characteristics of the resource: the speed of response, communications latencies in the architecture, and accuracy of response. It also examines the frequency and duration of events and the value in the marketplace which can be used to examine if the opportunity is sufficient to entice building owners to participate.

MacDonald, Jason; Kiliccote, Sila; Boch, Jim; Chen, Jonathan; Nawy, Robert

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

23

Equivalent Static Wind Loads on Buildings: New Model Xinzhong Chen1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Equivalent Static Wind Loads on Buildings: New Model Xinzhong Chen1 and Ahsan Kareem2 Abstract: In current design practice, spatiotemporally varying wind loads on buildings are modeled as equivalent static on buildings are modeled as equivalent static wind loads (ESWLs). This loading description serves as pivotal

Chen, Xinzhong

24

Wave Loading on Floating Platforms by Internal Solitary Waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Morison’s equation is used for estimating internal solitary wave-induced forces exerted on SPAR and semi-submersible platforms. And the results we got have also ... estimate internal wave loading even for SPAR an...

H. Q. Zhang; J. C. Li

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Better Building Alliance, Plug and Process Loads in Commercial Buildings: Capacity and Power Requirement Analysis (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This brochure addresses gaps in actionable knowledge that can help reduce the plug load capacities designed into buildings. Prospective building occupants and real estate brokers lack accurate references for plug and process load (PPL) capacity requirements, so they often request 5-10 W/ft2 in their lease agreements. This brochure should be used to make these decisions so systems can operate more energy efficiently; upfront capital costs will also decrease. This information can also be used to drive changes in negotiations about PPL energy demands. It should enable brokers and tenants to agree about lower PPL capacities. Owner-occupied buildings will also benefit. Overestimating PPL capacity leads designers to oversize electrical infrastructure and cooling systems.

Not Available

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience In this study, we examine the arrangements for and experiences of end-use loads providing ancillary services (AS) in five electricity markets: Australia, the United Kingdom (UK), the Nordic market, and the ERCOT and PJM markets in the United States. Our objective in undertaking this review of international experience was to identify specific approaches or market designs that have enabled customer loads to effectively deliver various ancillary services (AS) products. We hope that this report will contribute to the ongoing discussion in the U.S. and elsewhere regarding what institutional and technical developments are needed to ensure that

27

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience In this study, we examine the arrangements for and experiences of end-use loads providing ancillary services (AS) in five electricity markets: Australia, the United Kingdom (UK), the Nordic market, and the ERCOT and PJM markets in the United States. Our objective in undertaking this review of international experience was to identify specific approaches or market designs that have enabled customer loads to effectively deliver various ancillary services (AS) products. We hope that this report will contribute to the ongoing discussion in the U.S. and elsewhere regarding what institutional and technical developments are needed to ensure that

28

Architectural Surety Applications for Building Response to Dynamic Loads  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper provides a summary introduction to the emerging area of Architectural Surety{trademark} applications for buildings and infrastructures that are subjected to dynamic loads from blast and naturally occurring events. This technology area has been under investigation to assist with the definition of risks associated with dynamic loads and to provide guidance for determining the required upgrading and retrofitting techniques suggested for reducing building and infrastructure vulnerabilities to such dynamic forces. This unique approach involves the application of risk management techniques for solving problems of the as-built environment through the application of security, safety, and reliability principles developed in the nuclear weapons programs of the United States Department of Energy (DOE) and through the protective structures programs of the German Ministry of Defense (MOD). The changing responsibilities of engineering design professionals are addressed in light of the increased public awareness of structural and facility systems' vulnerabilities to malevolent, normal, and abnormal environment conditions. Brief discussions are also presented on (1) the need to understand how dynamic pressures are affected by the structural failures they cause, (2) the need to determine cladding effects on columns, walls, and slabs, and (3) the need to establish effective standoff distance for perimeter barriers. A summary description is presented of selected technologies to upgrade and retrofit buildings by using high-strength concrete and energy-absorbing materials and by specifying appropriately designed window glazing and special masonry wall configurations and composites. The technologies, material performance, and design evaluation procedures presented include super-computational modeling and structural simulations, window glass fragmentation modeling, risk assessment procedures, instrumentation and health monitoring systems, three-dimensional CAD virtual reality visualization techniques, and material testing data.

Matalucci, R.V.; Mayrhofer, C.

1999-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

29

Influence of raised floor on zone design cooling load in commercial buildings.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

office”. The equipment loads follow the schedules of theload is 10.8 W/m 2 and it follows the load shown in Table 3.interior zone follows the internal heat load, i.e. people

Schiavon, Stefano; Lee, Kwang Ho; Bauman, Fred; Webster, Tom

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Aerodynamic Loads on Tall Buildings: Interactive Database Yin Zhou. M.ASCE1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aerodynamic Loads on Tall Buildings: Interactive Database Yin Zhou. M.ASCE1 ; Tracy Kijewski, S database of aerodynamic loads is presented, which can be accessed by any user with Microsoft Explorer, the nondimensional aerodynamic loads can be used to compute the wind-induced response of tall buildings

Kareem, Ahsan

31

Better than Average? - Green Building Certification in International Projects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

8th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations - ICEBO?08 Conference Center of the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology Berlin, October 20 - 22, 2008 Dipl.-Ing. Oliver Baumann Ebert & Baumann Consulting Engineers, Inc.... An Enterprise of the Ebert-Consulting Group 1004 Pennsylvania Avenue, SE Washington, D.C. 20003, USA 00 12 02/ 6 08 - 13 34 o.baumann@eb-engineers.com Better than Average? - Green Building Certification in International Projects Green Building...

Baumann, O.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Demonstration of Smart Building Controls to Manage Building Peak Loads: Innovative Non-Wires Technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As a part of the non-wires solutions effort, BPA in partnership with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is exploring the use of two distributed energy resources (DER) technologies in the City of Richland. In addition to demonstrating the usefulness of the two DER technologies in providing peak demand relief, evaluation of remote direct load control (DLC) is also one of the primary objectives of this demonstration. The concept of DLC, which is used to change the energy use profile during peak hours of the day, is not new. Many utilities have had success in reducing demand at peak times to avoid building new generation. It is not the need for increased generation that is driving the use of direct load control in the Northwest, but the desire to avoid building additional transmission capacity. The peak times at issue total between 50 and 100 hours a year. A transmission solution to the problem would cost tens of millions of dollars . And since a ?non wires? solution is just as effective and yet costs much less, the capital dollars for construction can be used elsewhere on the grid where building new transmission is the only alternative. If by using DLC, the electricity use can be curtailed, shifted to lower use time periods or supplemented through local generation, the existing system can be made more reliable and cost effective.

Katipamula, Srinivas; Hatley, Darrel D.

2004-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

33

Comparison of International Building Energy Standards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A look at Buildings account for about 1/3 of all the energy consumption in the world, and much of this consumption footprint is locked in through the design and construction of the building.

Evans, Meredydd; Shui, Bin; Delgado, Alison

2009-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

34

Detailed Energy Data Collection for Miscellaneous and Electronic Loads in a Commercial Office Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detailed Energy Data Collection for Miscellaneous and Electronic Loads in a Commercial Office Miscellaneous and electronic loads (MELs) consume about 20% of the primary energy used in U.S. buildings and accurate data to inform MELs energy use. Introduction Background Buildings account for 40% of the total

Culler, David E.

35

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: HAP System Design Load  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HAP System Design Load HAP System Design Load HAP System Design Load logo. Provides the load estimating and system design features found in its popular cousin � Carrier�s Hourly Analysis Program (HAP). By focusing on system design features, the HAP System Design Load program serves as a simpler, more efficient tool for those users only interested in system design; energy simulation features are omitted. Like the HAP program, HAP System Design Load provides the ease of use of a Windows-based graphical user interface and the computing power of modern 32-bit software. HAP System Design Load uses a system-based approach to HVAC load estimating. This approach tailors sizing procedures and results to the specific type of system being considered. A wide variety of equipment types

36

Evaluation of Equivalent Static Wind Loads on Buildings Xinzhong Chen1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

effects. This load representation allows designers to follow a relatively simple static analysis procedureEvaluation of Equivalent Static Wind Loads on Buildings Xinzhong Chen1 and Ahsan Kareem2 1 Professor of Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Indiana, USA, kareem@nd.edu ABSTRACT Wind loads

Kareem, Ahsan

37

Exploiting Home Automation Protocols for Load Monitoring in Smart Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

load con- sumes, e.g., to enable automated demand response. Al- though load monitoring and control, Sean Barker, Aditya Mishra, Prashant Shenoy, and Jeannie Albrecht University of Massachusetts Amherst@cs.williams.edu Abstract Monitoring and controlling electrical loads is crucial for demand-side energy management in smart

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

38

Office of International Education Savant Building, Suite 211  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Office of International Education Savant Building, Suite 211 Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0284 PHONE: 404 Participant FROM: Stephanie Bullard Education Abroad Assistant, Office of International Education RE that GT programs do not currently sponsor. If you intend to transfer credit back to GT for courses your

Li, Mo

39

Estimating Demand Response Load Impacts: Evaluation of BaselineLoad Models for Non-Residential Buildings in California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Both Federal and California state policymakers areincreasingly interested in developing more standardized and consistentapproaches to estimate and verify the load impacts of demand responseprograms and dynamic pricing tariffs. This study describes a statisticalanalysis of the performance of different models used to calculate thebaseline electric load for commercial buildings participating in ademand-response (DR) program, with emphasis onthe importance of weathereffects. During a DR event, a variety of adjustments may be made tobuilding operation, with the goal of reducing the building peak electricload. In order to determine the actual peak load reduction, an estimateof what the load would have been on the day of the event without any DRactions is needed. This baseline load profile (BLP) is key to accuratelyassessing the load impacts from event-based DR programs and may alsoimpact payment settlements for certain types of DR programs. We testedseven baseline models on a sample of 33 buildings located in California.These models can be loosely categorized into two groups: (1) averagingmethods, which use some linear combination of hourly load values fromprevious days to predict the load on the event, and (2) explicit weathermodels, which use a formula based on local hourly temperature to predictthe load. The models were tested both with and without morningadjustments, which use data from the day of the event to adjust theestimated BLP up or down.Key findings from this study are: - The accuracyof the BLP model currently used by California utilities to estimate loadreductions in several DR programs (i.e., hourly usage in highest 3 out of10 previous days) could be improved substantially if a morning adjustmentfactor were applied for weather-sensitive commercial and institutionalbuildings. - Applying a morning adjustment factor significantly reducesthe bias and improves the accuracy of all BLP models examined in oursample of buildings. - For buildings with low load variability, all BLPmodels perform reasonably well in accuracy. - For customer accounts withhighly variable loads, we found that no BLP model produced satisfactoryresults, although averaging methods perform best in accuracy (but notbias). These types of customers are difficult to characterize withstandard BLP models that rely on historic loads and weather data.Implications of these results for DR program administrators andpolicymakersare: - Most DR programs apply similar DR BLP methods tocommercial and industrial sector customers. The results of our study whencombined with other recent studies (Quantum 2004 and 2006, Buege et al.,2006) suggests that DR program administrators should have flexibility andmultiple options for suggesting the most appropriate BLP method forspecific types of customers.

Coughlin, Katie; Piette, Mary Ann; Goldman, Charles; Kiliccote,Sila

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Analysis of Plug Load Capacities and Power Requirements in Commercial Buildings: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plug and process load power requirements are frequently overestimated because designers often use estimates based on 'nameplate' data, or design assumptions are high because information is not available. This generally results in oversized heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning systems; increased initial construction costs; and increased energy use caused by inefficiencies at low, part-load operation. Rightsizing of chillers in two buildings reduced whole-building energy use by 3%-4%. If an integrated design approach could enable 3% whole-building energy savings in all U.S. office buildings stock, it could save 34 TBtu of site energy per year.

Sheppy, M.; Torcellini, P.; Gentile-Polese, L.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Identification of the building parameters that influence heating and cooling energy loads for apartment buildings in hot-humid climates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Identifying the building parameters that significantly impact energy performance is an important step for enabling the reduction of the heating and cooling energy loads of apartment buildings in the design stage. Implementing passive design techniques for these buildings is not a simple task in most dense cities; their energy performance usually depends on uncertainties in the local climate and many building parameters, such as window size, zone height, and features of materials. For this paper, a sensitivity analysis was performed to determine the most significant parameters for buildings in hot-humid climates by considering the design of an existing apartment building in Izmir, Turkey. The Monte Carlo method is selected for sensitivity and uncertainty analyses with the Latin hypercube sampling (LHC) technique. The results show that the sensitivity of parameters in apartment buildings varies based on the purpose of the energy loads and locations in the building, such as the ground, intermediate, and top floors. In addition, the total window area, the heat transfer coefficient (U) and the solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) of the glazing based on the orientation have the most considerable influence on the energy performance of apartment buildings in hot-humid climates.

Yusuf Y?ld?z; Zeynep Durmu? Arsan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Building America Webinar: HVAC Right-Sizing Part 1—Calculating Loads  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

During this webinar, Building America Research Team IBACOS highlighted the key criteria required to create accurate heating and cooling load calculations. Current industry rules of thumb, perceptions and barriers to right-sizing HVAC were also discussed.

43

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Prophet Load Profiler  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Prophet Load Profiler Prophet Load Profiler Prophet Load Profiler logo. Internet-enabled software that empowers business energy customers to manage energy and reduce costs. Valuable to facility managers, energy managers and energy service companies, the Prophet web-based service delivers real-time and near-real-time energy information on energy consumption and demand for any size facility. A number of facilities can be managed using consumption data gathered in 15 minute, 30 minute, 60 minute, daily, weekly and monthly intervals. Users can immediately view and analyze data with an eye toward load shedding, cost avoidance strategies, energy budget management, utility cost validation and energy forecasting. All tools are contained within the Prophet Web application and enabled via the internet using a standard web

44

Preconditioning Outside Air: Cooling Loads from Building Ventilation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the standard. To mitigate or nullify these additional weather loads, outdoor air preconditioning technologies are being promoted in combination with conventional HVAC operations downstream as a means to deliver the required fresh air and control humidity...

Kosar, D.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Generation IV International Forum Updates Technology Roadmap and Builds  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Generation IV International Forum Updates Technology Roadmap and Generation IV International Forum Updates Technology Roadmap and Builds Future Collaboration Generation IV International Forum Updates Technology Roadmap and Builds Future Collaboration December 31, 2013 - 12:14pm Addthis GIF Policy Group Meeting in Brussels, Belgium, November 2013 GIF Policy Group Meeting in Brussels, Belgium, November 2013 Deputy Assistant Secretary Kelly Deputy Assistant Secretary Kelly Deputy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Reactor Technologies The Generation IV International Forum (GIF) held its 36th Policy Group (PG) meeting on November 21-22 in Brussels, Belgium. The PG reviewed progress on a number of on-going actions and received progress reports from the GIF Experts Group (EG) and the GIF Senior Industry Advisory Panel (SIAP).

46

Using Whole-Building Electric Load Data in Continuous or Retro-Commissioning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Whole-building electric load data can often reveal problems with building equipment or operations. In this paper, we present methods for analyzing 15-minute-interval electric load data. These methods allow building operators, energy managers, and commissioning agents to better understand a building's electricity consumption over time and to compare it to other buildings, helping them to 'ask the right questions' to discover opportunities for electricity waste elimination, energy efficiency, peak load management, and demand response. For example: Does the building use too much energy at night, or on hot days, or in the early evening? Knowing the answer to questions like these can help with retro-commissioning or continuous commissioning. The methods discussed here can also be used to assess how building energy performance varies with time. Comparing electric load before and after fixing equipment or changing operations can help verify that the fixes have the intended effect on energy consumption. Analysis methods discussed in this paper include: ways to graphically represent electric load data; the definition of various parameters that characterize facility electricity loads; and a regression-based electricity load model that accounts for both time of week and outdoor air temperature. The methods are illustrated by applying them to data from commercial buildings. We demonstrate the ability to recognize changes in building operation, and to quantify changes in energy performance. Some key findings are: 1) Plotting time series electric load data is useful for understanding electricity consumption patterns and changes to those patterns, but results may be misleading if data from different time intervals are not weather-normalized. 2) Parameter plots can highlight key features of electric load data and may be easier to interpret than plots of time series data themselves. 3) A time-of-week indicator variable (as compared to time-of-day and day-of-week indicator variables) improves the accuracy of regression models of electric load. 4) A piecewise linear and continuous outdoor air temperature dependence can be derived without the use of a change-point model (which would add complexity to the modeling algorithm) or assumptions about when structural changes occur (which could introduce inaccuracy). 5) A model that includes time-of-week and temperature dependence can be used for weather normalization and can determine whether the building is unusually temperature-sensitive, which can indicate problems with HVAC operation.

Price, Phillip N.; Mathieu, Johanna L.; Kiliccote, Sila; Piette, Mary Ann

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Researching Complex Heat, Air and Moisture Interactions for a Wide-Range of Building Envelope Systems and Environmental Loads  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document serves as the final report documenting work completed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and the Fraunhofer Institute in Building Physics (Holzkirchen, Germany) under an international CRADA No. 0575 with Fraunhofer Institute of Bauphysics of the Federal Republic of Germany for Researching Complex Heat, Air and Moisture Interactions for a Wide Range of Building Envelope Systems and Environmental Loads. This CRADA required a multi-faceted approach to building envelope research that included a moisture engineering approach by blending extensive material property analysis, laboratory system and sub-system thermal and moisture testing, and advanced moisture analysis prediction performance. The Participant's Institute for Building physics (IBP) and the Contractor's Buildings Technology Center (BTC) identified potential research projects and activities capable of accelerating and advancing the development of innovative, low energy and durable building envelope systems in diverse climates. This allowed a major leverage of the limited resources available to ORNL to execute the required Department of Energy (DOE) directives in the area of moisture engineering. A joint working group (ORNL and Fraunhofer IBP) was assembled and a research plan was executed from May 2000 to May 2005. A number of key deliverables were produced such as adoption of North American loading into the WUFI-software. in addition the ORNL Weather File Analyzer was created and this has been used to address environmental loading for a variety of US climates. At least 4 papers have been co-written with the CRADA partners, and a chapter in the ASTM Manual 40 on Moisture Analysis and Condensation Control. All deliverables and goals were met and exceeded making this collaboration a success to all parties involves.

Karagiozis, A.N.

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

48

Combined solar and internal load effects on selection of heat reclaim-economizer HVAC systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The concern for energy conservation has led to the development and use of heat recovery systems which reclaim the building internal heat before it is discarded in the exhaust air. On the other hand, economizer cycles have been widely used for many years in a variety of types of HVAC systems. Economizer cycles are widely accepted as a means to reduce operating time for chilling equipment when cool outside air is available. It has been suggested that heat reclaim systems should not be used in conjunction with an HVAC system which incorporates an economizer cycle because the economizer operation would result in heat being exhausted which might have been recovered. Others suggest that the economizer cycle can be used economically in a heat recovery system if properly controlled to maintain an overall building heat balance. This study looks at potential energy savings of such combined systems with particular emphasis on the effects of the solar load (amount of glass) and the internal load level (lights, people, appliances, etc.). For systems without thermal storage, annual energy savings of up to 60 percent are predicted with the use of heat reclaim systems in conjunction with economizers when the heat reclaim has priority. These results demonstrate the necessity of complete engineering evaluations if proper selection and operation of combined heat recovery and economizer cycles are to be obtained. This paper includes the basic methodology for making such evaluations.

Sauer, H.J. Jr.; Howell, R.H.; Wang, Z. (Missouri Univ., Rolla, MO (USA). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering)

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Non-Intrusive Electric Load Monitoring in Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for HVAC equipment in commercial buildings has focused allention on instrumentation required to obtain the desired data. In this paper we investigate what can be learned from measurements of electrical power at a single point, that of the elecl...; and detecting suboptimal staging of multiple chillers, Detection of equipment start and stop transitions was strengthened by application of a nonlinear filter that determines the point of median power from a fi Itering window of user selected width. A...

Norford, L. K.; Mabey, N.

50

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In PJM for example, loads and generators that can follow theto generators and loads, who can follow operator’s second bya reflection of the load’s inability to follow minute-by-

Heffner, Grayson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Load Following)Imbalance Management (Load Following) Energy Imbalanceload participation in ancillary service markets, we offer the following

Heffner, Grayson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

A Momentum-Zonal Model for Predicting Zone Airflow and Temperature Distributions to Enhance Building Load and Energy Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT Building load and energy simulation programs based on the complete-mixing air model fail between model complexity and capturing enough of the physics. For building load and energy calculations to building problems over the past 30 years including: complete-mixing, nodal-network models, zonal models

Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

53

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

LBNL -62701 ORNL/TM-2007/060 PNNL-16618 Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience Grayson Heffner 1 , Charles Goldman 1 , Brendan Kirby 2 and Michael Kintner-Meyer 3 1. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 2. Oak Ridge National Laboratory 3. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Environmental Energy Technologies Division May 2007 The work described in this report was coordinated by the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions and was funded by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, Transmission Reliability Program of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231 (for LBNL); DE-AC0-500OR22725 (for ORNL); and DE-AC06-76RL01830 (for PNNL).

54

Calibrating DOE-2 to weather and non-weather-dependent loads for a commercial building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIBRATING DOE-2 TO WEATHER AND NON-WEATHER-DEPENDENT LOADS FOR A COMMERCIAL BUILDING A Thesis by JOHN DOUGLAS BRONSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1992 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering CALIBRATING DOE-2 TO WEATHER AND NON-WEATHER-DEPENDENT LOADS FOR A COMMERCIAL BUILDING A Thesis by JOHN DOUGLAS BRONSON Approved as to style and content by: M D~c Dennis...

Bronson, John Douglas

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

55

Evaluation on Cooling Energy Load with Varied Envelope Design for High-Rise Residential Buildings in Malaysia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the development of the economy in the recent years, Malaysia is maintaining a high economic growth and therefore, its energy consumption increases dramatically. Residential buildings are characterized by being envelope-load dominated buildings...

Al-Tamimi, N.; Fadzil, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

An Energy and Peak Loads Analysis of the TYC/TRC Building – Final Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with the ASHRAE standards and (iii) modifying the building to comply with the California standards. These options not only reduce the peak loads but also reduce the total energy use. The energy consumption of the TYC/TRC Building was compared with the energy... consumption of the building modified to comply with the ASHRAE and California standards. A net reduction of 38% and 44% was obtained using the ASHRAE and California standards, respectively. The California standards are more stringent and are a better choice...

Katipamula, S.; O'Neal, D. L.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Statistical Analysis of Baseline Load Models for Non-Residential Buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Policymakers are encouraging the development of standardized and consistent methods to quantify the electric load impacts of demand response programs. For load impacts, an essential part of the analysis is the estimation of the baseline load profile. In this paper, we present a statistical evaluation of the performance of several different models used to calculate baselines for commercial buildings participating in a demand response program in California. In our approach, we use the model to estimate baseline loads for a large set of proxy event days for which the actual load data are also available. Measures of the accuracy and bias of different models, the importance of weather effects, and the effect of applying morning adjustment factors (which use data from the day of the event to adjust the estimated baseline) are presented. Our results suggest that (1) the accuracy of baseline load models can be improved substantially by applying a morning adjustment, (2) the characterization of building loads by variability and weather sensitivity is a useful indicator of which types of baseline models will perform well, and (3) models that incorporate temperature either improve the accuracy of the model fit or do not change it.

Coughlin, Katie; Piette, Mary Ann; Goldman, Charles; Kiliccote, Sila

2008-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

58

A literature survey on measuring energy usage for miscellaneous electric loads in offices and commercial buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents the current state of the art regarding work performed related to the electric energy consumption for Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and Miscellaneous Electric Loads (MELs), in office and commercial buildings. Techniques used for measuring the energy consumption of office plug loads, and efforts for saving energy by using this equipment more rationally and efficiently are identified and categorized. Popular methods and techniques for energy metering are discussed, together with efforts to classify and benchmark office equipment. Our study reveals that many issues are still open in this domain, including more accurate, diverse and meaningful energy audits for longer time periods, taking into account device profiles, occupant behavior and environmental context. Finally, there is a need for a global consensus on benchmarking and performance metrics, as well as a need for a coordinated worldwide activity for gathering, sharing, analyzing, visualizing and exposing all the silos of information relating to plug loads in offices and commercial buildings.

Andreas Kamilaris; Balaji Kalluri; Sekhar Kondepudi; Tham Kwok Wai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Fire load: Survey data, recent standards, and probabilistic models for office buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract To enable a probabilistic performance-based approach to fire design, probabilistic models to represent the fire load are needed. Such probabilistic models are presented in this paper for office buildings. First, a literature review of recent fire load density surveys is presented. These surveys indicate a large range of fire load density values, and strong correlation between fire load density, compartment area, and use. However, current codes and standards (such as Eurocode and a recent publication of NFPA 557) that are used to estimate fire load density do not account for these variables and specify constant values. Based on survey data, a Bayesian probability approach is used to develop probabilistic models to predict the fire load density in office buildings (one for light-weight use and one for heavy-weight use). The models consider the size of the compartment and the office room use (general office, library, storage, etc.). The proposed models correlate well to the data and have a better fit than that obtained, using the Eurocode and NFPA 557. The proposed models for fire load density are then used to develop probabilistic models for the maximum fire temperature in a given compartment. Several scenarios with different floor areas and openings are defined and the fire load models developed in this paper are used to investigate the range of possible maximum fire temperatures and their corresponding probabilities. It is found that the proposed maximum temperature model results in a range of temperatures that correlates well with the test data and the Refined Tanaka Method proposed by a recent SFPE standard. It is shown that both the fire load density and the maximum temperature probabilistic models are well suited for application in a probabilistic performance-based approach to fire design.

Negar Elhami Khorasani; Maria Garlock; Paolo Gardoni

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Reducing Plug and Process Loads for a Large Scale, Low Energy Office Building: NREL's Research Support Facility; Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper documents the design and operational plug and process load energy efficiency measures needed to allow a large scale office building to reach ultra high efficiency building goals. The appendices of this document contain a wealth of documentation pertaining to plug and process load design in the RSF, including a list of equipment was selected for use.

Lobato, C.; Pless, S.; Sheppy, M.; Torcellini, P.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Lateral loading and response for a tall building in the non-seismic doldrums  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The situation for building design against wind and earthquake effects in Singapore is apparently unique. There is no seismic design code as there is no local seismicity, yet the effects of significant regional earthquakes are frequently felt in many high rise buildings in Singapore. Whereas it has become clear that the strongest winds in Singapore originate from storms and squalls, design for wind by law requires use of an arbitrary design wind speed applied in a British loading code geared to cyclonic wind systems. A decade of monitoring of a 280 m office tower has shown that distant strong earthquakes generate dynamic response typically an order of magnitude greater than due to the strongest winds occurring during the same period. The effect is greater for high rise apartment blocks and it is becoming clear that for extreme events with similar return periods, earthquake effects should govern design for lateral load in terms of dynamic base shears under such conditions. For the present, building control authorities take code provisions for accidental eccentricity to be adequate in covering seismic loads. While there have been moves towards a more rational local code, there remains an open question about the relationship of static and dynamic effects due to wind for both cyclonic and (thunder)storm winds. In this paper, the evidence concerning the nature of the two forms of loading is presented, and the various existing and potential code provisions examined.

James M.W. Brownjohn

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Abstract--We present new approaches for building yearly and seasonal models for 5-minute ahead electricity load  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electricity load forecasting. They are evaluated using two full years of Australian electricity load data. We first analyze the cyclic nature of the electricity load and show that the autocorrelation function to building a single yearly model. I. INTRODUCTION PREDICTING the future electricity demand, also called

Koprinska, Irena

63

Estimating Demand Response Load Impacts: Evaluation of Baseline Load Models for Non-Residential Buildings in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electric  interval  load  data  are  available  through details,  each uses electric load data from a period before using  customer  load  data  [KEMA  2003,  Quantum  2004, 

Coughlin, Katie; Piette, Mary Ann; Goldman, Charles; Kiliccote, Sila

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

A Study on Energy Efficiency Improvement Opportunities for Plug Loads in Buildings in the Equatorial Region  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The small plug loads in the tropical buildings are among the fastest growing sources of energy use. Yet, there are comparatively fewer studies that were focused on the energy efficiency improvement potentials of the office equipment due to its elusive, more diversified and sophisticated nature. This objective of this study is to identify the opportunity for energy efficiency improvement of the frequently used office equipment in a commercial building in Malaysia, by focusing on the occupant behaviour and software power management features. The outcomes show that about 19% of the total energy demand can be reduced if the office equipment not in use are turned off, unplugged or disconnected. This also led to a significant reduction in greenhouse gases emission. This finding is particularly important for good energy demand management, as more and more modern electric appliances are introduced into the local commercial buildings which are contributing to the increase in energy consumption and subsequently, the electric bill.

Qi Jie Kwong; Sind Hoi Goh; Nor Mariah Adam; Vijay R. Raghavan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Influences of ambient air speed and internal heat load on the performance of solar chimney in the tropics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Solar chimney is a combination of solar assisted stack and wind driven ventilation where air in the solar chimney expands under heating from solar irradiance and being relatively lighter, rises out from the chimney outlets, drawing the cooler air into the building through the fenestrations. This pull effect is complemented further by the push effect from the outdoor ambient wind. The study of solar chimney system within the zero energy building in tropical Singapore aims to determine the effects of ambient air speed and internal heat load on the thermal environment of the solar chimney ducts and classroom’s interior. Experimental and computational results show that high ambient air speed greater than 2.00 m/s improves the air speed within the solar chimney ducts; both low and high ambient air speeds are found to improve the classroom’s interior air speed. However, the significance of ambient air speed drops when solar irradiance is greater than 700 W/m2. Furthermore, under the tropical weather conditions of high solar irradiance and low ambient air speed, cross ventilation performs better compared to solar chimney; hence, solar chimney is recommended to be employed under zero ambient air speed. Lastly, results show that the influences of internal heat load on the air temperature and speed within solar chimney ducts as well as classroom’s interior are limited.

Alex Yong Kwang Tan; Nyuk Hien Wong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Stochastic model for electrical loads in Mediterranean residential buildings: Validation and applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A major issue in modelling the electrical load of residential building is reproducing the variability between dwellings due to the stochastic use of different electrical equipment. In that sense and with the objective to reproduce this variability, a stochastic model to obtain load profiles of household electricity is developed. The model is based on a probabilistic approach and is developed using data from the Mediterranean region of Spain. A detailed validation of the model has been done, analysing and comparing the results with Spanish and European data. The results of the validation show that the model is able to reproduce the most important features of the residential electrical consumption, especially the particularities of the Mediterranean countries. The final part of the paper is focused on the potential applications of the models, and some examples are proposed. The model is useful to simulate a cluster of buildings or individual households. The model allows obtaining synthetic profiles representing the most important characteristics of the mean dwelling, by means of a stochastic approach. The inputs of the proposed model are adapted to energy labelling information of the electric devices. An example case is presented considering a dwelling with high performance equipment.

Joana Ortiz; Francesco Guarino; Jaume Salom; Cristina Corchero; Maurizio Cellura

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON DURABILITY OF BUILDING MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Based Building Design Services C.S. HAN, J.C. KUNZ, and K.H. LAW Center for Integrated Facility Engineering, 1999 Vancouver, Canada AN INTERNET-BASED DISTRIBUTED BUILDING DESIGN SERVICE FRAMEWORK Internet architecture that enables the delivery of building design services over the Internet. With this architecture

Stanford University

68

The contemporary International Building Exhibition (IBA) : innovative regeneration strategies in Germany  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Internationale Bauausstellung or International Building Exhibition (IBA) is a planning methodology implemented over the course of the 20th century and into the 21st century in Germany. The IBA is unique and characterized ...

Shay, Alice (Alice Ann)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Armstrong International & Pfizer Teaming Profile | ENERGY STAR Buildings &  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pfizer Teaming Profile Pfizer Teaming Profile Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder Technical documentation

70

Advanced Load Identification and Management for Buildings: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number: CRD-11-422  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this CRADA work is to support Eaton Innovation Center (Eaton) efforts to develop advanced load identification, management technologies, and solutions to reduce building energy consumption by providing fine granular visibility of energy usage information and safety protection of miscellaneous electric loads (MELs) in commercial and residential buildings. MELs load identification and prediction technology will be employed in a novel 'Smart eOutlet*' to provide critical intelligence and information to improve the capability and functionality of building load analysis and design tools and building power management systems. The work scoped in this CRADA involves the following activities: development and validation of business value proposition for the proposed technologies through voice of customer investigation, market analysis, and third-party objective assessment; development and validation of energy saving impact as well as assessment of environmental and economic benefits; 'smart eOutlet' concept design, prototyping, and validation; field validation of the developed technologies in real building environments. (*Another name denoted as 'Smart Power Strip (SPS)' will be used as an alternative of the name 'Smart eOutlet' for a clearer definition of the product market position in future work.)

Gentile-Polese, L.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Analysis of load match and grid interaction indicators in net zero energy buildings with simulated and monitored data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The main objective of this paper is to contribute to the discussion on the role of Net Zero Energy Buildings (Net ZEBs) on future energy systems by the interplay between on-site generation and the building loads, often called load matching, and the resulting import/export interaction with the surrounding electricity grid, commonly named grid interaction. This investigation analyzes five case studies with high resolution data, three of which are based on real monitored buildings. The research aims at selecting and suggesting a limited set of quantitative indicators that: (a) can provide practical information for building as well as grid designers and operators, and (b) are understandable for a wider audience and do not require complex simulation tools or additional resources. This paper also presents novel graphical representations describing the yearly or daily variation of the indexes in an understandable manner. It has been found that the hourly values of the cover factors (namely, the load cover factor and the supply cover factor) provide quite a good picture of the correlation between on-site demand and supply of energy. These factors illustrate both the daily and seasonal effect, the production pattern of different renewable energy technologies, and applied operation/control strategies. The loss-of load probability factor shows how often the on-site supply does not cover the on-site demand but it provides limited information. Several grid interaction indicators are presented in a normalized form based on the connection capacity between the building and the grid. The generation multiple is an index that compares peak values of exported/imported energy; it may also be used with generation/load values. The dimensioning rate and the connection capacity credit relate the building with the electrical grid. These indexes can be used to analyze individual buildings and extend their use in the case of cluster of buildings. Although some general trends have been identified in the results and the usefulness of these indicators is demonstrated, it should be noted that further studies are needed in order to define reference values for particular building topologies, clusters of buildings and climates, which could be used as a rule-of-thumb for grid/building designers.

Jaume Salom; Anna Joanna Marszal; Joakim Widén; José Candanedo; Karen Byskov Lindberg

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Managing Plug-Loads for Demand Response within Buildings Thomas Weng, Bharathan Balaji, Seemanta Dutta, Rajesh Gupta, Yuvraj Agarwal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Managing Plug-Loads for Demand Response within Buildings Thomas Weng, Bharathan Balaji, Seemanta managers can per- form active energy management, especially during demand response situations that require, allowing them to deal with demand response situations through user- specified actuation policies. At its

Gupta, Rajesh

73

Interactive behavior of internal resonators in acoustic metamaterials under impact pulse loading  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acoustic metamaterials exhibit negative effective mass density when the lattice system consists of mass-in-mass microstructural units. It is found out that the effective mass density becomes frequency dependent and displays negativity for frequencies near the resonant frequency of the internal resonators. The effect of a negative mass property implies that stress wave propagation is prohibited; leading to structural applications like vibration control impact protection and shock wave mitigation. Under impact loading internal resonators are revealed to effectively reduce the displacement/velocity of the overall structure and attenuate a specifically-designed range of frequency where the negative effective mass density is exhibited. However researchers have yet to study the mutual interaction between the internal resonators. Knowing how adjacent resonators interact and response to dynamic profile of preceding resonators may lead to more efficient design for stress wave attenuation. In this paper we performed detailed investigation on the interactive behavior of internal resonators in acoustic metamaterials under an impact pulse load. Finite element analysis results show that when internal resonators are adjacently placed they produce a coupled resonance effect resulting in a leakage of frequency just below the resonant frequency of the resonators. This frequency leakage can lead to energy storage and harvesting applications.

Kwek Tze Tan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Interactive behavior of internal resonators in acoustic metamaterials under impact pulse loading  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Acoustic metamaterials exhibit negative effective mass density when the lattice system consists of mass-in-mass microstructural units. It is found out that the effective mass density becomes frequency dependent and displays negativity for frequencies near the resonant frequency of the internal resonators. The effect of a negative mass property implies that stress wave propagation is prohibited; leading to structural applications like vibration control impact protection and shock wave mitigation. Under impact loading internal resonators are revealed to effectively reduce the displacement/velocity of the overall structure and attenuate a specifically designed range of frequency where the negative effective mass density is exhibited. However researchers have yet to study the mutual interaction between the internal resonators. Knowing how adjacent resonators interact and response to dynamic profile of preceding resonators may lead to more efficient design for stress wave attenuation. In this paper we performed detailed investigation on the interactive behavior of internal resonators in acoustic metamaterials under an impact pulse load. Finite element analysis results show that when internal resonators are adjacently placed they produce a coupled resonance effect resulting in a leakage of frequency just below the resonant frequency of the resonators. This frequency leakage can lead to energy storage and harvesting applications.

Kwek Tze Tan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Experimental and numerical correlation of a scaled containment vessel subjected to an internal blast load  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Los Alamos National Laboratory is currently in the design phase of a large Containment System that will be used to contain hydrodynamic experiments. The system in question is being designed to elastically withstand a 50 kg internal high explosive (PBX-9501) detonation. A one-tenth scaled model of the containment system was fabricated and used to obtain experimental results of both pressure loading and strain response. The experimental data are compared with numerical predictions of pressure loading and strain response obtained from an Eulerian hydrodynamic code (MESA-2D) and an explicit, non-linear finite element code (LLNL DYNA3D). The two-dimensional pressure predictions from multiple hydrodynamic simulations are used as loading in the structural simulation. The predicted pressure histories and strain response compare well with experimental results at several locations.

Romero, C.; Benner, J.C.; Berkbigler, L.W.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Advanced Boiler Load Monitoring Controllers, Chicago, Illinois  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In this project, the Building America team Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit (PARR) installed and monitored an ALM aftermarket controller, the M2G from Greffen Systems, at two Chicago area multifamily buildings with existing OTR control.

77

Using measured equipment load profiles to 'right-size' HVACsystems and reduce energy use in laboratory buildings (Pt. 2)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is a general paucity of measured equipment load datafor laboratories and other complex buildings and designers often useestimates based on nameplate rated data or design assumptions from priorprojects. Consequently, peak equipment loads are frequentlyoverestimated, and load variation across laboratory spaces within abuilding is typically underestimated. This results in two design flaws.Firstly, the overestimation of peak equipment loads results in over-sizedHVAC systems, increasing initial construction costs as well as energy usedue to inefficiencies at low part-load operation. Secondly, HVAC systemsthat are designed without accurately accounting for equipment loadvariation across zones can significantly increase simultaneous heatingand cooling, particularly for systems that use zone reheat fortemperature control. Thus, when designing a laboratory HVAC system, theuse of measured equipment load data from a comparable laboratory willsupport right-sizing HVAC systems and optimizing their configuration tominimize simultaneous heating and cooling, saving initial constructioncosts as well as life-cycle energy costs.In this paper, we present datafrom recent studies to support the above thesis. We first presentmeasured equipment load data from two sources: time-series measurementsin several laboratory modules in a university research laboratorybuilding; and peak load data for several facilities recorded in anational energy benchmarking database. We then contrast this measureddata with estimated values that are typically used for sizing the HVACsystems in these facilities, highlighting the over-sizing problem. Next,we examine the load variation in the time series measurements and analyzethe impact of this variation on energy use, via parametric energysimulations. We then briefly discuss HVAC design solutions that minimizesimultaneous heating and cooling energy use.

Mathew, Paul; Greenberg, Steve; Frenze, David; Morehead, Michael; Sartor, Dale; Starr, William

2005-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

78

Massachusetts Institute of Technology International Students Office 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Building 5-133  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at an institution of higher education in the US (other than MIT) or abroad and who have been invited by an MIT be submitted online (https://imit.mit.edu/) by applicants for Visiting Student status: 1. PASSPORT INFORMATION Institute of Technology International Students Office 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Building 5-133 Cambridge

Gabrieli, John

79

Final load of debris shipped from K-25 Building demolition project  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On March 11, The final truckload of debris from the K-25 Building demolition project was shipped from East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP).

80

Building America System Research Plan for Reduction of Miscellaneous Electrical Loads in Zero Energy Homes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research plan describes the overall scope of system research that is needed to reduce miscellaneous electrical loads (MEL) in future net zero energy homes.

Barley, C. D.; Haley, C.; Anderson, R.; Pratsch, L.

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Model Predictive Control for Energy Efficient Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building thermal loadThe building thermal load predictor. . . . . . . .of Figures 1.1 Classification schematic for building MPC

Ma, Yudong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Auxiliary Cooling Loads in Passively Cooled Buildings: An Experimental Research Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar Energy Center (FSEC) is examining the auxiliary cooling requirements of residences in warm, humid climates. The study addresses both the thermal and moisture response of buildings. A total of eight wall systems, three frame wall types and five...

Fairey, P.; Vieira, R.; Chandra, S.; Kerestecioglu, A.; Kalaghchy, S.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Research on the Effect of a Planting Roof on the Thermal Load of a Business Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in China, the conception and inception of this kind of method has been also occurred for the same reasons of building energy saving and ecology, in addition, mostly promoted by the preparing the incoming Beijing Olympic game 2008. For further...

Zhang, W.; Wu, J.; Wei, Y.; Gao, X.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Natural light controls and guides in buildings. Energy saving for electrical lighting, reduction of cooling load  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The residential sector is responsible for approximately a quarter of energy consumption in Europe. This consumption, together with that of other buildings, mainly from the tertiary sector, makes up 40% of total energy consumption and 36% of CO2 emissions. Artificial lighting makes up 14% of electrical consumption in the European Union and 19% worldwide. Through the use of well-designed natural lighting, controlled by technologies or systems which guarantee accessibility from all areas inside buildings, energy consumption for lighting and air conditioning can be kept to a minimum. The authors of this article carried out a state of the art on the technologies or control systems of natural light in buildings, concentrating on those control methods which not only protect the occupants from direct solar glare but also maximize natural light penetration in buildings based on the occupants? preferences, whilst allowing for a reduction in electrical consumption for lighting and cooling. All of the control and/or natural light guidance systems and/or strategies guarantee the penetration of daylight into the building, thus reducing the electrical energy consumption for lighting and cooling. At the same time they improve the thermal and visual comfort of the users of the buildings. However various studies have also brought to light certain disadvantages to these systems.

E.J. Gago; T. Muneer; M. Knez; H. Köster

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Steady and Unsteady Wind Loading of Buildings and Structures [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...terrain are briefly discussed. For design based on steady wind loadings the design wind speed is dependent on the acceptable degree of risk. Force and pressure coefficients may be influenced by Reynolds number, surface roughness, wind characteristics...

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Building Technologies Office: Residential Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Residential Buildings Residential Buildings to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Residential Buildings on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Residential Buildings on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Residential Buildings on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Residential Buildings on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Residential Buildings on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Residential Buildings on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Technology Research, Standards, & Codes Popular Residential Links Success Stories Previous Next Warming Up to Pump Heat. Lighten Energy Loads with System Design. Cut Refrigerator Energy Use to Save Money. Tools EnergyPlus Whole Building Simulation Program

87

Building America Case Study: Advanced Boiler Load Monitoring Controllers, Chicago, Illinois (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Beyond these initial system efficiency upgrades are an emerging class of Advanced Load Monitoring (ALM) aftermarket controllers that dynamically respond to the boiler load, with claims of 10% to 30% of fuel savings over a heating season. For hydronic boilers specifically, these devices perform load monitoring, with continuous measurement of supply and in some cases return water temperatures. Energy savings from these ALM controllers are derived from dynamic management of the boiler differential, where a microprocessor with memory of past boiler cycles prevents the boiler from firing for a period of time, to limit cycling losses and inefficient operation during perceived low load conditions. These differ from OTR controllers, which vary boiler setpoint temperatures with ambient conditions while maintaining a fixed differential. PARR installed and monitored the performance of one type of ALM controller, the M2G from Greffen Systems, at multifamily sites in the city of Chicago and its suburb Cary, IL, both with existing OTR control. Results show that energy savings depend on the degree to which boilers are over-sized for their load, represented by cycling rates. Also savings vary over the heating season with cycling rates, with greater savings observed in shoulder months. Over the monitoring period, over-sized boilers at one site showed reductions in cycling and energy consumption in line with prior laboratory studies, while less over-sized boilers at another site showed muted savings.

PARR

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Impact of Different Glazing Systems on Cooling Load of a Detached Residential Building at Bhubaneswar, India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

assuming north?south and east?west facings of the building. For each orientation, different types of glazing (Table 4) and different glazing areas are considered. The first case(the base case) assumes a single clear glazing with a window-to-wall ratio.... Floor plan of the east-west oriented residential building taken for study (not to scale) Table 1. The zones basic characteristics Zone Area (m2) Volume (m3) Occupancy (people/m2) Venti- lation (l/s) HVAC system Bed room1 15.12 52...

Sahoo, P. K.; Sahoo, R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Reducing Data Center Loads for a Large-scale, Low Energy Office Building: NREL's Research Support Facility (Book), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data Center Loads for a Large- Data Center Loads for a Large- scale, Low-energy Office Building: NREL's Research Support Facility The NREL Approach * December 2011 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. 2 National Renewable Energy Laboratory Reducing Data Center Loads for a Large-Scale, Low-Energy Office Building: NREL's Research Support Facility Michael Sheppy, Chad Lobato, Otto Van Geet, Shanti Pless, Kevin Donovan, Chuck Powers National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado December 2011

90

An Energy and Peak Loads Analysis of the Texas Department of Health Building, Final Report, Prepared for the Energy Efficiency Division, Texas Public Utility Commission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

loads but also reduce the total energy use. Finally the energy consumption of the Health building was compared with the energy consumption of the building modified to comply with the California standards.A net reduction of 44% was obtained using... the California standards. The California standards are more stringent and are a better choice for state owned buildings which have a life of 30 to 40 years. The net effects are summararized in the table below. Percent Reduction of Energy Use for the Building...

Katipamula, S.; O'Neal, D. L.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Miscellaneous and Electronic Loads Energy Efficiency Opportunities for Commercial Buildings: A Collaborative Study by the United States and India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and provide energy efficiency and building technologies toStudy on Energy Efficiency in Buildings. Pacific Grove,in improving energy efficiency in commercial buildings would

Ghatikar, Girish

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Energy conservation in high-rise buildings: Changes in air conditioning load induced by vertical temperature and humidity profile in Delhi  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Temperature and humidity profiles in the upper atmosphere are different from those observed by ground level meteorological stations and used to design HVAC systems for high-rise buildings. There exist correlations among solar energy, atmospheric turbidity and pollutants in urban areas, affecting the temperature and humidity profiles with variation in height. In the present study, a theoretical model is developed considering these parameters, and the HVAC load is calculated. The results are compared with the HVAC load calculated from data obtained from the meteorological station, and the comparison showed that the results differ significantly (20%) for a hypothetical 200 m high office building.

S. Sinha; Sanjay Kumar; N. Kumar

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

International Energy Agency Implementing Agreements and Annexes: A Guide for Building Technologies Program Managers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

particularly for multi- family buildings. The United Statesprimarily on multi-story buildings, not single-family homes.

Evans, Meredydd

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Load bearing capacity of API X65 pipe with dent defect under internal pressure and in-plane bending  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of the dent magnitude on the collapse behavior of a dented pipe subjected to a combined internal pressure and in-plane bending. The plastic collapse behavior and bending moment of the dented pipe containing several dent dimensions were evaluated using elastic–plastic finite element (FE) analyses. The indenters used to manufacture the dents on the API 5L X65 pipe were hemispherical rods with diameters of 40, 80, 160 and 320 mm. Dent depths of 19, 38, 76, 114 and 152 mm were introduced to the pipe with a diameter of 762 mm and a wall thickness of 17.5 mm. A closing or opening in-plane bending load was applied to the dented pipes pressurized under an internal pressure equivalent to atmospheric pressure as well as pressures of 4, 8, and 16 MPa. The FE analyses results showed that the plastic collapse behavior of the dented pipes was significantly governed by the bending mode and the dent geometry. Moment-bending angle curves for the dented pipe were obtained from computer simulations and evaluated with a variety of factors in the FE analyses. The load bearing capacity of the dented pipes under the combined load was evaluated by TES (Twice Elastic Slope) moments. The load bearing capacity of the pipe containing up to a 5% dent depth of the outer diameter was not reduced in comparison to that of the plain pipe. The opening bending mode had a higher load bearing capacity than the closing bending mode under the combined load regardless of dent depth. The TES moment decreased with increasing dent depth and internal pressure regardless of the bending modes.

Jong-hyun Baek; Young-pyo Kim; Woo-sik Kim; Jae-min Koo; Chang-sung Seok

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building Energy Codes Building Energy Codes Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes on AddThis.com... Popular Links Success Stories Previous Next Lighten Energy Loads with System Design. Warming Up to Pump Heat.

96

Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

support the deferral of capital expenditure for load growth-capacity sufficiency, capital expenditure priorities, levelDNSPs) to retain capital expenditures avoided through

Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

International Energy Agency Implementing Agreements and Annexes: A Guide for Building Technologies Program Managers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heat Pumps for Buildings Advanced Modeling and Tools for Heat Pumps for Buildings Advanced Modeling and Tools for Heat Pumps for Buildings Advanced Modeling and Tools for 

Evans, Meredydd

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Development of an integrated building load and ground source heat pump model to assess heat pump and ground loop design and performance in a commercial office building.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Ground source heat pumps (GSHPs) offer an efficient method for cooling and heating buildings, reducing energy usage and operating cost. In hot, arid regions such… (more)

Blair, Jacob Dale

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Comparison of three widely-used aerodynamic modifications that minimize the impact of wind loads on tall buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For tall buildings, motion caused by wind is usually the most damaging to the lateral support system. As a result, engineers have invented many different methods to limit the motion of the buildings, for example dampers, ...

Kwok, Raymond Hoi-Kit

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

International Comparison of Energy Labeling and Standards for Energy Efficient and Green Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper discusses the approaches of the European Union, Germany and India to reduce GHG- emissions and mitigate climate change impacts from buildings through the establishment of energy performance standards and green building...

Hennicke, P.; Shrestha, S.; Schleicher, T.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Thermal Bypass Air Barriers in the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code- Building America Top Innovation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This Building America Innovations profile describes Building America research supporting Thermal Bypass Air Barrier requirements. Since these were adopted in the 2009 IECC, close to one million homes have been mandated to include this vitally important energy efficiency measure.

102

Building America Webinar: High Performance Space Conditioning Systems, Part I: Simplified Space Conditioning in Low Load Homes  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation was delivered at the U.S. Department of Energy Building America webinar, High Performance Space Conditioning Systems, Part I, on October 23, 2014.

103

Demand Response-Enabled Model Predictive HVAC Load Control in Buildings using Real-Time Electricity Pricing.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A practical cost and energy efficient model predictive control (MPC) strategy is proposed for HVAC load control under dynamic real-time electricity pricing. The MPC strategy… (more)

Avci, Mesut

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

load | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

load load Dataset Summary Description This dataset contains hourly load profile data for 16 commercial building types (based off the DOE commercial reference building models) and residential buildings (based off the Building America House Simulation Protocols). This dataset also includes the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for statistical references of building types by location. Source Commercial and Residential Reference Building Models Date Released April 18th, 2013 (9 months ago) Date Updated July 02nd, 2013 (7 months ago) Keywords building building demand building load Commercial data demand Energy Consumption energy data hourly kWh load profiles Residential Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

105

Fracture response of externally flawed aluminum cylindrical shells under internal gaseous detonation loading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fracture response of externally flawed aluminum cylindrical shells under internal gaseous. Experiments were performed to observe the fracture behavior of thin- wall and initially-flawed aluminum tubes to different fracture events are analyzed. Keywords: tube fracture, detonation, crack branching, crack curving

Barr, Al

106

International Energy Agency Implementing Agreements and Annexes: A Guide for Building Technologies Program Managers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

design, and operation of net-zero energy buildings Develop “net importer of information” But also missed opportunities: Scandinavian solutions for indoor air quality in zero-energy

Evans, Meredydd

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

International Energy Agency Implementing Agreements and Annexes: A Guide for Building Technologies Program Managers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Building Energy Analysis Tools • Solar Resource Knowledgeenergy simulation tools PV/thermal systems Solar resource Energy Simulation Tools PV/Thermal Systems Solar Resource 

Evans, Meredydd

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Assessment of Distributed Energy Adoption in Commercial Buildings:Part 1: An Analysis of Policy, Building Loads, Tariff Design, andTechnology Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rapidly growing electricity demand brings into question theability of traditional grids to expand correspondingly while providingreliable service. An alternative path is the wider application ofdistributed energy resource (DER) that apply combined heat and power(CHP). It can potentially shave peak loads and satiate its growing thirstfor electricity demand, improve overall energy efficiency, and lowercarbon and other pollutant emissions. This research investigates a methodof choosing economically optimal DER, expanding on prior studies at theBerkeley Lab using the DER design optimization program, the DistributedEnergy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM finds theoptimal combination of installed equipment from available DERtechnologies, given prevailing utility tariffs, site electrical andthermal loads, and a menu of available equipment. It provides a globaloptimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the site energy loads canbe served at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-sitegeneration, heat recovery, and cooling. Utility electricity and gastariffs are key factors determining the economic benefit of a CHPinstallation, however often be neglected. This paper describespreliminary analysis on CHP investment climate in the U.S. and Japan. DERtechnologies, energy prices, and incentive measures has beeninvestigated.

Zhou, Nan; Nishida, Masaru; Gao, Weijun; Marnay, Chris

2005-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

109

Presented at the International Conference on Building Fire Safety 20-21 November 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for fire engineering services to suit regulatory and particular client objectives on a wide range professionals in related disciplines such as structural engineering, building services engineering and building Campus QUT Brisbane Fire Safety Engineering ­ the Graduates' Perspective Chris Gildersleeve ­ Arup Fire

Hickman, Mark

110

Calibrating DOE-2 to Weather and Non-Weather-Dependent Loads for a Commercial Building: Data Processing Routines to Calibrate a DOE-2 Model, Volume II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESL-TR-92-04/02 CALIBRATING DOE-2 TO WEATHER AND NON-WEATHER-DEPENDENT LOADS FOR A COMMERCIAL BUILDING, VOLUME 2: DATA PROCESSING ROUTINES TO CALIBRATE A DOE-2 MODEL Written by: John Douglas Bronson May 1992 (C) Copyright 1992 Texas Engineering... Plots 8 Temperature-Specific Humidity Carpet Plots 11 'PACKING' SITE MONITORED WEATHER DATA INTO TRY 16 APPENDIX A -- Data Processing Routines' Example Data Files and Routine Hard-copies 21 APPENDIX B -- Example Data Files and Progam Hard-copies to Pack...

Bronson, J. D.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Index to Evaluate Energy Efficiency of the Building HVAC System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1An Index to Evaluate Energy Efficiency of the Entire Building HVAC System Presented by Dr. Claridge Date: 09/15/2014 ESL-IC-14-09-15 Proceedings of the 14th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Beijing, China, September 14..., Beijing, China, September 14-17, 2014 3• Why we need the Energy/Load Ratio 1. Building 2. HVAC Systems 3. Common Index • Building sector consumes 40% of total energy usage in US (Residential buildings – 22%, Commercial building – 19%) • HVAC systems...

Wang, L.; Wang, L.; Claridge,D.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

International Energy Agency Implementing Agreements and Annexes: A Guide for Building Technologies Program Managers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

develop advanced storage concepts for solar and low energyAnnex 32, Advanced Storage Concepts for Solar and Low EnergyAdvanced storage concepts for solar and low energy buildings

Evans, Meredydd

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Determination for the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code, Residential Buildings – Technical Support Document  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Provides a technical analysis showing that the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code contains improvements in energy efficiency compared to its predecessor, the 2003 International Energy Conservation Code. DOE is required by law to issue "determinations" of whether or not new editions of the IECC improve energy efficiency.

Lucas, Robert G.

2009-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

114

A bottom-up engineering estimate of the aggregate heating and cooling loads of the entire U.S. building stock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the amount of commercial building energy usage, particularlycommercial building sector. To compare the aggregated energy usagecommercial buildings. For the residential sector, the total heating and cooling energy usages

Huang, Yu Joe; Brodrick, Jim

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Triptycenes as a molecular building block to introduce internal free volume in organic materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 1. Triptycenes are shown to possess "internal free volume" swept out between their aromatic faces, which enable them to align their long axis normal to the host alignment to most efficiently fill this volume. This ...

Long, Timothy Michael, 1975-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

APPLICATION OF IT AND INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS TO IMPROVE BUILDING ENVELOPE PERFORMANCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Quebec, Canada ABSTRACT Improving thermal performance of building envelopes reduces energy consumption to be introduced to provide the required fresh air to the occupants. In other words, the energy performance must, thermal performance, indoor air quality, structural stability, acoustic performance, fire control, etc

Hammad, Amin

117

electric load data | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

load data Home Sfomail's picture Submitted by Sfomail(48) Member 17 May, 2013 - 12:03 Commercial and Residential Hourly Load Data Now Available on OpenEI building load building...

118

Independent Control of Sensible and Latent Cooling in Small Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

util impact. INTRODUCTION Dehumidification has become an increasingly large fraction of the total cooling load in many new buildings, as heat gains through the envelope have been reduced but internal moisture generation and the need... to be coincident with maximum air-conditioning loads. The possibility was suggested that by independently controlling temperature and humidity ways might be found to ameliorate the peak electrical loads imposed on utilities by the residential and small...

Andrews, J.; Lamontagne, J.; Piraino, M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

1 Lynch, Law Source: Computing in Civil and Building Engineering: Proceedings of the Eight International Conference,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Conference, Stanford, CA, USA, August 14-16, 2000. A Market-Based Control Solution for Semi for structural control system design has been developed. This novel approach is termed market-based control energy consumption characteristics, semi-active devices are an especially attractive solution

Stanford University

120

building | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

building building Dataset Summary Description This dataset contains hourly load profile data for 16 commercial building types (based off the DOE commercial reference building models) and residential buildings (based off the Building America House Simulation Protocols). This dataset also includes the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for statistical references of building types by location. Source Commercial and Residential Reference Building Models Date Released April 18th, 2013 (7 months ago) Date Updated July 02nd, 2013 (5 months ago) Keywords building building demand building load Commercial data demand Energy Consumption energy data hourly kWh load profiles Residential Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: NewQUICK  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NewQUICK NewQUICK NewQUICK logo. Thermal design and simulation tool capable of calculating loads and energy consumption. NewQuick can predict hourly air temperatures and relative humidities, which makes it a valuable tool in the passive design of building envelopes. Complete load and energy analysis of a building can further be executed in order to design an efficient air-conditioning system (HVAC). The simulation tool executes dynamic thermal calculations for realistic 'real life' temperature and load predictions. The building model integrates natural ventilation, internal load (convective and radiative), occupant load and evaporative cooling models. The simulation tool includes the modelling of external shading devices, interior mass, direct solar heat gains and ground contact surfaces.

122

Building Technologies Office: Webinars  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Webinars Webinars Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Building Technologies Office: Webinars to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Webinars on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Webinars on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Webinars on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Webinars on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Webinars on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Webinars on AddThis.com... Popular Links Success Stories Previous Next Lighten Energy Loads with System Design. Warming Up to Pump Heat. Cut Refrigerator Energy Use to Save Money. Tools EnergyPlus Whole Building Simulation Program Building Energy Software Tools Directory High Performance Buildings Database

123

Sacks R. (1998), `Issues in the Development and Implementation of a Building Project Model for an Automated Building System', International Journal of Construction Information Technology, Salford University, Salford  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

designed to support computer-based integration between various construction applications, it is proposed of an Automated, Computer Integrated Building Realization System is to automatically generate all of the information required for the design, planning and execution of a building project. The project model forms

Sacks, Rafael

124

Al Azhar International Conference, Cairo 2008 Environmental healthy requirements in residential buildings: Amman as a case study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in residential buildings: Amman as a case study Environmental healthy requirements in residential buildings in the Jordanian residential buildings, in general, and in Amman particularly, considering the healthy problems requested for a healthy environment in the modern buildings, especially regarding the natural aeration

125

A Comparison of EnergyPlus to DOE-2.1E: Multiple Cases Ranging from a Sealed Box to a Residential Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of programs for the same cases defined in ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 140. This study expanded upon the previous comparisons to include the simplest case scenario where the building was a sealed box without infiltration, internal load, system or plant...

Andolsun, S.; Culp, C.

126

Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Mesa, Arizona  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the 2006 IECC and the 2003 IECC. The notable changes are: (1) Improved duct sealing verified by testing the duct system; (2) Increased duct insulation; (3) Improvement of window U-factors from 0.40 to 0.35; and (4) Efficient lighting requirements. An analysis of these changes resulted in estimated annual energy cost savings of $145 a year for an average new house compared to the 2003 IECC. This energy cost saving decreases to $125 a year for the 2009 IECC compared to the 2006 IECC. Construction cost increases (per home) for complying with the 2009 IECC are estimated at $1256 relative to the 2003 IECC and $800 for 2006 IECC. Home owners will experience an annual cost savings of about $80 a year by complying with the 2009 IECC because reduction to energy bills will more than compensate for increased mortgage payments and other costs.

Lucas, Robert G.

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

127

An in-depth Analysis of Space Heating Energy Use in Office Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

load reduction for a net zero energy building, ACEEE Summergreen building or net zero energy building goals, which

Lin, Hung-Wen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Methods for Analyzing Electric Load Shape and its Variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

graphical displays of load data. We then define someAlthough simply overlaying load data from different timeprovide a good fit to load data in most buildings; their

Price, Philip

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Effectiveness of External Window Attachments Based on Daylight Utilization and Cooling Load Reduction for Small Office Buildings in Hot Humid Climates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

savings in the building. Computer simulations using an hourly energy calculation model were conducted to predict the building's total energy consumption using each strategy. The economics of each strategy were analyzed with lifecycle costing techniques...

Soebarto, V. I.; Degelman, L. O.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Whole Building Energy Simulation | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Simulation Energy Simulation Whole Building Energy Simulation October 16, 2013 - 4:39pm Addthis Whole building energy simulation, also referred to as energy modeling, can and should be incorporated early during project planning to provide energy impact feedback for which design considerations may be pursued. Whole building energy simulation software adequately assesses the interactions between complex building systems and equally complex schedules and utility rates structures for projects in specific locations throughout the world. Energy models incorporate actual building construction, internal load sources, and associated schedules using annual hourly weather data specific to the project location. These models can be used early in the design process when little information is known and updated, continually

131

Economic Analysis and Optimization of Exterior Insulation Requirements for Ventilated Buildings at Power Generation Facilities with High Internal Heat Gain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Industrial buildings require a large amount of heating and ventilation equipment to maintain the indoor environment within acceptable levels for personnel protection and equipment protection. The required heating and ventilation equipment...

Hughes, Douglas E.

2010-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

132

Building Technologies Office: News  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

News to someone by News to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: News on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: News on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: News on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: News on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: News on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: News on AddThis.com... Popular Links Success Stories Previous Next Lighten Energy Loads with System Design. Warming Up to Pump Heat. Cut Refrigerator Energy Use to Save Money. Tools EnergyPlus Whole Building Simulation Program Building Energy Software Tools Directory High Performance Buildings Database Financial Opportunities Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Funding Opportunities Tax Incentives for Residential Buildings

133

load data | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

51 51 Varnish cache server Home Groups Community Central Green Button Applications Developer Utility Rate FRED: FRee Energy Database More Public Groups Private Groups Features Groups Blog posts Content Stream Documents Discussions Polls Q & A Events Notices My stuff Energy blogs 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142234851 Varnish cache server load data Home Sfomail's picture Submitted by Sfomail(48) Member 17 May, 2013 - 12:03 Commercial and Residential Hourly Load Data Now Available on OpenEI! building load building load data commercial load data dataset datasets electric load data load data load profile OpenEI residential load TMY3 United States Load data Image source: NREL Files: application/zip icon System Advisor Model Tool for Downloading Load Data

134

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KEY University Buildings Landmark Buildings The Lanyon Building Roads Footpath Cafe Grass Queen's University Belfast Campus Map The Lanyon Building The Students' Union The David Keir Building School Offices and Sonic Arts Q Nursing and Midwifery R Pharmacy S Planning, Architecture and Civil Engineering T Politics

Paxton, Anthony T.

135

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KEY University Buildings Landmark Buildings The Lanyon Building Roads Footpath Cafe University Accommodation Queen's University Belfast Campus Map The Lanyon Building The Students' Union The David Keir Building School Offices A Biological Sciences B Chemistry and Chemical Engineering C Education D

Müller, Jens-Dominik

136

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KEY University Buildings Landmark Buildings The Lanyon Building Roads Footpath Cafe University Engineering N Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences P Music and Sonic Arts Q Nursing and Midwifery R and Student Affairs 3 Administration Building 32 Ashby Building 27 Belfast City Hospital 28 Bernard Crossland

Paxton, Anthony T.

137

Link Building Martin Olsen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Link Building Martin Olsen PhD Dissertation Department of Computer Science Aarhus University Denmark #12;#12;Link Building A Dissertation Presented to the Faculty of Science of Aarhus University The Computational Complexity of Link Building Proc. Computing and Combinatorics, 14th Annual International

138

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Air-to-Water Heat Pumps with Radiant Delivery in Low Load Homes (Fact Sheet)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Researchers from Alliance for Residential Building Initiative worked with two test homes in hot-dry climates to evaluate the in-situ performance of air-to-water heat pump systems, an energy efficient space conditioning solution designed to cost-effectively provide comfort in homes with efficient, safe, and durable operation.

139

Building Energy Monitoring and Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 9 ? Annual electricity consumption comparison of the total annual electricity consumption, Buildings A and B mostly  measure  electricity  consumption,  cooling  loads

Hong, Tianzhen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Co-simulation of innovative integrated HVAC systems in buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Canada: International Building Perfor- mance SimulationExternal coupling between building energy simulation andexternal coupling of building energy and air ow modeling

Trcka, Marija

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

building demand | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

demand demand Dataset Summary Description This dataset contains hourly load profile data for 16 commercial building types (based off the DOE commercial reference building models) and residential buildings (based off the Building America House Simulation Protocols). This dataset also includes the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for statistical references of building types by location. Source Commercial and Residential Reference Building Models Date Released April 18th, 2013 (9 months ago) Date Updated July 02nd, 2013 (7 months ago) Keywords building building demand building load Commercial data demand Energy Consumption energy data hourly kWh load profiles Residential Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

142

Building America Top Innovations Hall of Fame Profile … Thermal Bypass Air Barriers in the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Imagine Homes of San Antonio, Texas, worked Imagine Homes of San Antonio, Texas, worked with Building America team partner IBACOS to improve the continuity of the air barrier along the thermal enclosure by using spray foam insulation in the walls and attic. Building America research teams effectively demonstrated the importance of thermal bypass air barriers, which led to their inclusion in ENERGY STAR for Homes Version 3 specifications in 2006 and then to inclusion in the 2009 IECC. This is a great example of effective research driving a complete market transformation process for a critical high-performance home innovation. Air sealing of the home's thermal enclosure has been required by the energy code for many years. However, in years past, the provisions were somewhat vague and only required that critical areas of potential air leakage (e.g., joints,

143

Building 32 35 Building 36  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building 10 Building 13 Building 7 LinHall Drive Lot R10 Lot R12 Lot 207 Lot 209 LotR9 Lot 205 Lot 203 LotBuilding30 Richland Avenue 39 44 Building 32 35 Building 36 34 Building 18 Building 19 11 12 45 29 15 Building 5 8 9 17 Building 16 6 Building 31 Building 2 Ridges Auditorium Building 24 Building 4

Botte, Gerardine G.

144

Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.1 Residential Sector Energy Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

Residential Building Component Loads as of 1998 (1) 1) "Load" represents the thermal energy lossesgains that when combined will be offset by a building's heatingcooling system...

145

A U.S. and China Regional Analysis of Distributed Energy Resources in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

building energy loads and solar production. The economics ofbuilding energy loads and solar production. The economics of

Feng, Wei

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

DOE - NETL Internal Program Review - June 10, 2010  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE-CERTS Transmission Reliability R&D DOE-CERTS Transmission Reliability R&D Internal Program Review: Load as a Resource (LAAR) September 20, 2012 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Building 90 Room TBD: signage will be posted at the building entrance Agenda 8:00 am Light refreshments available Welcome, Introductions, DOE remarks Phil Overholt, DOE, and Joe Eto, LBNL 8:30 Frequency Responsive Demand Jeff Dagle, PNNL 9:10 Frequency Responsive Load Evaluation and Benefits on Power System Grid Isabelle Snyder, ORNL (by phone) 9:50 Break 10:20 Load as a Regulation Resource, Phase 2 Sila Kiliccote, LBNL 11:00 Scoping Study on Industrial Regulation Nasr Alkadi, ORNL 11:40 Integration and Extension of Direct Load Management of Smart Loads Anna Scaglioni, UC Davis

147

Kiowa County Commons Building  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

South- and west-facing windows allow more South- and west-facing windows allow more natural light into the building and reduce electricity use * Extensive awnings and overhangs control the light and heat entering the building during the day to reduce cooling loads * Rooftop light monitors in the garden area provide controllable natural light from above to save on electricity consumption * Insulating concrete form block construction with an R-22 insulation value helps control the temperature of the building and maximize

148

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: DEROB-LTH  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DEROB-LTH DEROB-LTH DEROB-LTH logo. Design tool used to explore the complex dynamic behaviour of buildings for different designs. The behaviour is expressed in terms of temperatures, heating- and cooling loads and different comfort indices. The form of the building can be modelled in a flexible way. The model for assessing the solar insolation on building surfaces is detailed and includes the influence of different types of shading devices. The window model has been improved and calculates properties for a window package in an accurate way. The simulation uses a time step of one hour and calculates values in response to hourly values for climatic data, internal loads and airflows. Keywords energy performance, heating, cooling, thermal comfort, design Validation/Testing

149

A guidebook for insulated low-slope roof systems. IEA Annex 19, Low-slope roof systems: International Energy Agency Energy Conservation in Buildings and Community Systems Programme  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Low-slope roof systems are common on commercial and industrial buildings and, to a lesser extent, on residential buildings. Although insulating materials have nearly always been a component of low-slope roofs, the amount of insulation used has increased in the past two decades because of escalation of heating and cooling costs and increased awareness of the need for energy conservation. As the amount of insulation has increased, the demand has intensified for design, installation, and maintenance information specifically for well-insulated roofs. Existing practices for design, installation, and maintenance of insulated roofs have evolved from experience. Typically, these practices feature compromises due to the different properties of materials making up a given roof system. Therefore, they should be examined from time to time to ensure that they are appropriate as new materials continue to enter the market and as the data base on existing systems expands. A primary purpose of this International Energy Agency (IEA) study is to assess current roofing insulation practices in the context of an accumulating data base on performance.

Not Available

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Green Building Codes | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Green Building Codes Green Building Codes Green building codes go beyond minimum code requirements, raising the bar for energy efficiency. They can serve as a proving ground for future standards, and incorporate elements beyond the scope of the model energy codes, such as water and resource efficiency. As regional and national green building codes and programs become more available, they provide jurisdictions with another tool for guiding construction and development in an overall less impactful, more sustainable manner. ICC ASHRAE Beyond Codes International Green Construction Code (IgCC) The International Code Council's (ICC's) International Green Construction code (IgCC) is an overlay code, meaning it is written in a manner to be used with all the other ICC codes. The IgCC contains provisions for site

151

Demand Responsive and Energy Efficient Control Technologies and Strategies in Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Study in Energy Efficiency in Buildings August Nationalelectric loads in buildings: energy efficiency (for steady-and Energy Efficiency Options Using Commercial Building

Piette, Mary Ann; Kiliccote, Sila

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Property:Buildings/ModelBuildingType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Buildings/ModelBuildingType Buildings/ModelBuildingType Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. It links to pages that use the form Buildings Model. Education Food Sales Food Service Health Care (Inpatient) Health Care (Outpatient) Lodging Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) Mercantile (Enclosed and Strip Malls) Office Public Assembly Public Order and Safety Religious Worship Service Warehouse and Storage Other Vacant Pages using the property "Buildings/ModelBuildingType" Showing 12 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load Baseline + Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) +

153

A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy flows in the building electrical load tree. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .intrinsic property of energy load trees is additivity - thevisualization of energy flows in the load tree, as shown in

Jiang, Xiaofan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Greenhouse Gas Abatement with Distributed Generation in California's Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The motivation and objective of this research is to determine the role of distributed generation (DG) in greenhouse gas reductions by: (1) applying the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM); (2) using the California Commercial End-Use Survey (CEUS) database for commercial buildings; (3) selecting buildings with electric peak loads between 100 kW and 5 MW; (4) considering fuel cells, micro-turbines, internal combustion engines, gas turbines with waste heat utilization, solar thermal, and PV; (5) testing of different policy instruments, e.g. feed-in tariff or investment subsidies.

Marnay, Chris; Stadler, Michael; Lipman, Tim; Lai, Judy; Cardoso, Goncalo; Megel, Olivier

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Emerging Technologies Emerging Technologies Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Emerging Technologies on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Technology Research, Standards, & Codes Popular Links Success Stories Previous Next Lighten Energy Loads with System Design.

156

M. Sri, J. Remund, T. Cebecauer, D. Dumortier, L. Wald, T. Huld, P. Blanc, Proceeding of the EUROSUN 2008, International Conference on Solar Heating, Cooling and Buildings, Lisbon, Portugal, 7 10 October 2008.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the EUROSUN 2008, 1st International Conference on Solar Heating, Cooling and Buildings, Lisbon, Portugal, 7 ­ 10 October 2008. First Steps in the Cross-Comparison of Solar Resource Spatial Products in Europe M in complex climate conditions of mountains, along some coastal zones and in areas where solar radiation

Boyer, Edmond

157

Thermal Energy Storage for Cooling of Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For the ice storage system, during direct cooling, thethe building cooling load. In dynamic systems, ice is formedcooling/demand-limited storage / electric load management / full storage / ice

Akbari, H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Thermal simulation of buildings with double-skin façades  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Highly glazed commercial buildings with double-skin façades may overheat during summertime due to a coincidence of high outside temperatures, solar gains and internal heat gains. To optimize thermal comfort and minimize cooling loads, the thermal behaviour of this type of building, therefore, requires careful investigation at the design stage. However, complex physical phenomena—notably optical, thermodynamic and fluid dynamic processes—are involved and as yet, no single simulation tool is able to handle all these processes while remaining an efficient design tool. This paper presents a method based on the coupling of three different types of simulation models that is economical in terms of computing time, and thereby, suitable for design purposes. These models are: spectral optical model, computational fluid dynamics model and building energy simulation model. Various tools are available at each modelling level. The method is demonstrated on a commercial building with double-skin façades and additionally, night-time ventilation.

H. Manz; Th. Frank

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

ACEEE International Journal on Control System and Instrumentation, Vol. 1, No. 1, July 2010 State Of The Art of Electronic Load Controller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Of The Art of Electronic Load Controller of Self- Excited Asynchronous Generator Used In Mini / Micro Hydro load controller for a mini / micro hydro power generations using MAT LAB / Simulink software. II characteristics of the turbine and induction machine for mini/micro­ hydro power generation system. He had been

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

160

Commercial and Residential Hourly Load Data Now Available on OpenEI! |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Commercial and Residential Hourly Load Data Now Available on OpenEI! Commercial and Residential Hourly Load Data Now Available on OpenEI! Home > Groups > Utility Rate Sfomail's picture Submitted by Sfomail(48) Member 17 May, 2013 - 12:03 building load building load data commercial load data dataset datasets electric load data load data load profile OpenEI residential load TMY3 United States Load data Image source: NREL I am pleased to announce that simulated hourly residential and commercial building load datasets are now available on OpenEI. These datasets are available for all TMY3 locations in the United States. They contain hourly load profile data for 16 commercial building types (based off the DOE commercial reference building models) and residential buildings (based off the Building America House Simulation Protocols). In addition to various

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Visualize-IT Energy Information  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Visualize-IT Energy Information and Analysis Tool Visualize-IT Energy Information and Analysis Tool Visualize-IT Energy Information and Analysis Tool logo. Designed to explore, summarize and analyze time series interval data. Visualize-IT has been developed specifically for electric and gas load data, but it is equally useful as a general purpose data visualization tool for other time series measurements such as weather, industrial process control, and water quality. Screen Shots Keywords energy analysis, rate comparison, load profiles, interval data Validation/Testing N/A Expertise Required Basic knowledge of energy data analysis and concepts. Users Over 100 users internationally. Audience Load Researchers, Building Simulation Engineers, Facilities Managers, Energy Account Managers. Input Any type of interval (primarily load) data. Visualize-IT can analyze other

162

Benchmarking Building Performance & the Australian Building Greenhouse  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Benchmarking Building Performance & the Australian Building Greenhouse Benchmarking Building Performance & the Australian Building Greenhouse Rating Scheme Speaker(s): Paul Bannister Date: August 21, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Stephen Selkowitz (Two topics): Benchmarking Building Performance: In a variety of voluntary and regulatory initiatives around the globe, including the introduction of the European Building Performance Directive, the question of how to assess the performance of commercial buildings has become a critical issue. There are presently a number of initiatives for the assessment of actual building performance internationally, including in particular US Energy Star Buildings rating tools and the Australian Building Greenhouse Rating scheme. These schemes seek to assess building energy performance on the

163

Building Technologies Office: News  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

News to someone by News to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: News on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: News on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: News on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: News on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: News on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: News on AddThis.com... About Standards & Test Procedures Implementation, Certification & Enforcement Rulemakings & Notices Further Guidance ENERGY STAR® Popular Links Success Stories Previous Next Lighten Energy Loads with System Design. Learn More. Warming Up to Pump Heat. Learn More. Cut Refrigerator Energy Use to Save Money. Learn More. News DOE Publishes Petition of CSA Group for Classification as a Nationally

164

Building Technologies Program: About Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

About Standards to About Standards to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Program: About Standards on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Program: About Standards on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Program: About Standards on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Program: About Standards on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Program: About Standards on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Program: About Standards on AddThis.com... About Standards & Test Procedures Implementation, Certification & Enforcement Rulemakings & Notices Further Guidance ENERGY STAR® Popular Links Success Stories Previous Next Lighten Energy Loads with System Design. Learn More. Warming Up to Pump Heat. Learn More. Cut Refrigerator Energy Use to Save Money. Learn More.

165

Homepage | The Better Buildings Alliance  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Better Buildings Logo Better Buildings Logo EERE Home | Programs & Offices | Consumer Information Better Buildings Logo Better Buildings Alliance Sectors Public Private Commercial Real Estate & Hospitality Healthcare Higher Education Retail, Food Service & Grocery Activities Technology Solutions Teams Lighting & Electrical Space Conditioning Plug & Process Loads Food Service Refrigeration Laboratories Energy Management Information Systems Public Sector Teams Energy Savings Performance Contracts Strategic Energy Planning Finance Strategies Data Management Approaches Market Solutions Teams Appraisals & Valuation Data Access Financing Leasing & Split Incentive Workforce Development Events 2014 Better Buildings Summit Better Buildings Webinar Series Efficiency Forum Past Webinars

166

AL KHALIL, O., NOUR EL DIN, M., GRUSSENMEYER, P. (2001) 3D indoor modeling of buildings based on photogrammetry and topologic approaches. , XVIII CIPA International Symposium, Potsdam,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AL KHALIL, O., NOUR EL DIN, M., GRUSSENMEYER, P. (2001) 3D indoor modeling of buildings based , 2001, 7 pages. 1 3D INDOOR MODELING OF BUILDINGS BASED ON PHOTOGRAMMETRY AND TOPOLOGIC APPROACHES Omar information systems. Modeling is used to document, preserve, restore or rebuild buildings. Properties

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

167

HLW Glass Waste Loadings  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

HLW HLW Glass Waste Loadings Ian L. Pegg Vitreous State Laboratory The Catholic University of America Washington, DC Overview Overview  Vitrification - general background  Joule heated ceramic melter (JHCM) technology  Factors affecting waste loadings  Waste loading requirements and projections  WTP DWPF  DWPF  Yucca Mountain License Application requirements on waste loading  Summary Vitrification  Immobilization of waste by conversion into a glass  Internationally accepted treatment for HLW  Why glass?  Amorphous material - able to incorporate a wide spectrum of elements over wide ranges of composition; resistant to radiation damage  Long-term durability - natural analogs Relatively simple process - amenable to nuclearization at large  Relatively simple process - amenable to nuclearization at large scale  There

168

An Analysis of the DER Adoption Climate in Japan Using Optimization Results for Prototype Buildings with U.S. Comparisons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hour hour Fig. 8. Office Building Jul Electricity Use y Fig.9. Office Building Jul Electricity Load Provision with CHPEnergy Systems (IES) for Buildings: A Market Assessment,

Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Plug Load  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Residential Commercial Commercial Industrial Lighting Energy Smart Grocer Program HVAC Program Shell Measures Commercial Kitchen & Food Service Equipment Plug Load New...

170

Framework for Coupling Room Air Models to Heat Balance Model Load and Energy Calculations (RP-1222)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Buildings and Thermal Systems, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colo., and Qingyan (Yan) Chen systems, estimating building energy use and predicting thermal comfort for buildings with buoyancy models with building energy and load calculations as an extension to the ASHRAE Toolkit for Building Load

Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

171

Human comfort and self-estimated performance in relation to indoor environmental parameters and building features  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In: Proceedings of Healthy Buildings Conference, Syracuse,In: Proceedings of Healthy Buildings Conference, Budapest,International Conference Healthy Buildings, Syracuse, NY USA

Frontczak, Monika

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Building Technologies Office: Building America: Bringing Building  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

America: Bringing Building Innovations to Market America: Bringing Building Innovations to Market Building America logo The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program has been a source of innovations in residential building energy performance, durability, quality, affordability, and comfort for more than 15 years. This world-class research program partners with industry (including many of the top U.S. home builders) to bring cutting-edge innovations and resources to market. For example, the Solution Center provides expert building science information for building professionals looking to gain a competitive advantage by delivering high performance homes. At Building America meetings, researchers and industry partners can gather to generate new ideas for improving energy efficiency of homes. And, Building America research teams and DOE national laboratories offer the building industry specialized expertise and new insights from the latest research projects.

173

Validation of the Window Model of the Modelica Buildings Library  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent developments of the Modelica buildings library forthe 8th International Modelica Conference. Dresden, Germany,transfer in rooms in the Modelica "Buildings" library. Proc.

Nouidui, Thierry Stephane

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Comparison of Building Energy Modeling Programs: Building Loads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vary hourly (such as phase change materials). Thus, DOE-2 isand can handle phase change materials (PCM) or variablesimulate PCMs (phase change materials) or variable thermal

Zhu, Dandan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

buildings | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

buildings buildings Dataset Summary Description Emissions from energy use in buildings are usually estimated on an annual basis using annual average multipliers. Using annual numbers provides a reasonable estimation of emissions, but it provides no indication of the temporal nature of the emissions. Therefore, there is no way of understanding the impact on emissions from load shifting and peak shaving technologies such as thermal energy storage, on-site renewable energy, and demand control. Source NREL Date Released April 11th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated April 11th, 2011 (3 years ago) Keywords buildings carbon dioxide emissions carbon footprinting CO2 commercial buildings electricity emission factors ERCOT hourly emission factors interconnect nitrogen oxides NOx SO2

176

Residential Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Apartment building exterior and interior Apartment building exterior and interior Residential Buildings EETD's research in residential buildings addresses problems associated with whole-building integration involving modeling, measurement, design, and operation. Areas of research include the movement of air and associated penalties involving distribution of pollutants, energy and fresh air. Contacts Max Sherman MHSherman@lbl.gov (510) 486-4022 Iain Walker ISWalker@lbl.gov (510) 486-4692 Links Residential Building Systems Group Batteries and Fuel Cells Buildings Energy Efficiency Applications Commercial Buildings Cool Roofs and Heat Islands Demand Response Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends High Technology and Industrial Systems Lighting Systems Residential Buildings Simulation Tools Sustainable Federal Operations

177

Load Control  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Visualization and Controls Peer Review Visualization and Controls Peer Review Load Control for System Reliability and Measurement-Based Stability Assessment Dan Trudnowski, PhD, PE Montana Tech Butte, MT 59701 dtrudnowski@mtech.edu 406-496-4681 October 2006 2 Presentation Outline * Introduction - Goals, Enabling technologies, Overview * Load Control - Activities, Status * Stability Assessment - Activities, Status * Wrap up - Related activities, Staff 3 Goals * Research and develop technologies to improve T&D reliability * Technologies - Real-time load control methodologies - Measurement-based stability-assessment 4 Enabling Technologies * Load control enabled by GridWise technology (e.g. PNNL's GridFriendly appliance) * Real-time stability assessment enabled by Phasor Measurement (PMU) technology 5 Project Overview * Time line: April 18, 2006 thru April 17, 2008

178

Around Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Around Buildings W h y startw i t h buildings and w o r k o u t wa r d ? For one, buildings are difficult t o a v o i d these

Treib, Marc

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.1 Commercial Sector Energy Consumption  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

2 2 Aggregate Commercial Building Component Loads as of 1998 (1) Load (quads) and Percent of Total Load Component Heating Cooling Roof -0.103 12% 0.014 1% Walls (2) -0.174 21% -0.008 - Foundation -0.093 11% -0.058 - Infiltration -0.152 18% -0.041 - Ventilation -0.129 15% -0.045 - Windows (conduction) -0.188 22% -0.085 - Windows (solar gain) 0.114 - 0.386 32% Internal Gains Lights 0.196 - 0.505 42% Equipment (electrical) 0.048 - 0.207 17% Equip. (non-electrical) 0.001 - 0.006 1% People 0.038 - 0.082 7% NET Load -0.442 100% 0.963 100% Note(s): Source(s): 1) Loads represent the thermal energy losses/gains that, when combined, will be offset by a building's heating/cooling system to maintain a set interior temperature (which equals site energy). 2) Includes common interior walls between buildings. LBNL, Commercial Heating and Cooling Loads Component Analysis, June 1998, Table 24, p. 45 and Figure 3, p. 61

180

BUILDING NAME HEYDON-LAURENCE BUILDING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'S BUILDING PHYSICS BUILDING BAXTER'S LODGE INSTITUTE BUILDING CONSERVATION WORKS R.D.WATT BUILDING MACLEAYBUILDING NAME HEYDON-LAURENCE BUILDING PHARMACY AND BANK BUILDING JOHN WOOLEY BUILDING OLD TEARCHER BUILDING THE QUARANGLE BADHAM BUILDING J.D. STEWART BUILDING BLACKBURN BUILDING MADSEN BUILDING STORE

Viglas, Anastasios

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Building Technologies Office: Bookmark Notice  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bookmark Notice to Bookmark Notice to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Bookmark Notice on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Bookmark Notice on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Bookmark Notice on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Bookmark Notice on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Bookmark Notice on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Bookmark Notice on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities Partner with DOE Commercial Buildings Resource Database Research & Development Codes & Standards Popular Commercial Links Success Stories Previous Next Lighten Energy Loads with System Design. Warming Up to Pump Heat. Cut Refrigerator Energy Use to Save Money. Tools EnergyPlus Whole Building Energy Simulation

182

Education Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Education Education Characteristics by Activity... Education Education buildings are buildings used for academic or technical classroom instruction, such as elementary, middle, or high schools, and classroom buildings on college or university campuses. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Education Buildings... Seventy percent of education buildings were part of a multibuilding campus. Education buildings in the South and West were smaller, on average, than those in the Northeast and Midwest. Almost two-thirds of education buildings were government owned, and of these, over three-fourths were owned by a local government. Tables: Buildings and Size Data by Basic Characteristics Establishment, Employment, and Age Data by Characteristics

183

Lodging Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

buildings. Since they comprised 7 percent of commercial floorspace, this means that their energy intensity was slightly above average. Lodging buildings were one of the few...

184

International Energy Agency design tool evaluation procedure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Detailed state-of-the-art building energy simulation models from nations participating in International Energy Agency (IEA) Task VIII are used to develop a quantitative procedure to evaluate more simplified design tools. Simulations are performed with the detailed models on a series of cases that progress systematically from the extremely simple to the relatively realistic. Output values for the cases, such as annual loads, annual maximum and minimum temperatures, and peak loads, are used to set target ranges with which the results from more simplified design tools can be compared. The more realistic cases, although geometrically simple, test the ability of the design tools to model such combined effects as thermal mass, direct gain windows, overhangs, internally generated heat, and dead-band and set-back thermostat control strategies. 5 refs., 9 figs., 4 tabs.

Judkoff, R.; Barakat, S.; Bloomfield, D.; Poel, B.; Stricker, R.; van Haaster, P.; Wortman, D.

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Commercial Reference Building: Hospital | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

09 09 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142278309 Varnish cache server Commercial Reference Building: Hospital Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Hospital for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for each of the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

186

Technology Mapping of the Renewable Energy, Buildings and Transport...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of the Renewable Energy, Buildings and Transport Sectors: Policy Drivers and International Trade Aspects AgencyCompany Organization: International Centre for Trade and...

187

Healthcare Energy: Spotlight on Lighting and Other Electric Loads  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Building Technologies Office conducted a healthcare energy end-use monitoring project for two sites. Read details about the lighting and plug load energy results.

188

Buildings, Commissioning, Efficiency, Comfort, and CO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Continuous commissioning and CC are registered trademarks of the Texas Engineering Experiment Station Commissioning of Existing Buildings Major International Activities ? IEA Annex 40 ?Commissioning of Buildings and HVAC Systems for Improved Energy... Performance? IEA Annex 47 ?Cost Effective Commissioning for Existing and Low Energy Buildings? Commissioning of Existing Buildings International Examples ? China ? to be added? Belgium ? to be added? Japan ? Akashi et al. Source: Mills et al. 2005 Source...

Claridge, D. E.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Autodesk Green Building Studio  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Autodesk Green Building Studio Autodesk Green Building Studio Green Building Studio logo. Seamlessly links architectural building information models (BIM) and certain 3-D CAD building designs with energy, water, and carbon analysis. Autodesk Green Building Studio enables architects to quickly calculate the operational and energy implications of early design decisions. The Autodesk Green Building Studio web service automatically generates geometrically accurate, detailed input files for major energy simulation programs. Green Building Studio uses the DOE-2.2 simulation engine to calculate energy performance and also creates geometrically accurate input files for EnergyPlus. Key to the integrated interoperability exhibited is the gbXML schema, an open XML schema of the International Alliance of

190

Predictive Optimal Control of Active and Passive Building Thermal Storage Inventory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cooling of commercial buildings contributes significantly to the peak demand placed on an electrical utility grid. Time-of-use electricity rates encourage shifting of electrical loads to off-peak periods at night and weekends. Buildings can respond to these pricing signals by shifting cooling-related thermal loads either by precooling the building's massive structure or the use of active thermal energy storage systems such as ice storage. While these two thermal batteries have been engaged separately in the past, this project investigated the merits of harnessing both storage media concurrently in the context of predictive optimal control. To pursue the analysis, modeling, and simulation research of Phase 1, two separate simulation environments were developed. Based on the new dynamic building simulation program EnergyPlus, a utility rate module, two thermal energy storage models were added. Also, a sequential optimization approach to the cost minimization problem using direct search, gradient-based, and dynamic programming methods was incorporated. The objective function was the total utility bill including the cost of reheat and a time-of-use electricity rate either with or without demand charges. An alternative simulation environment based on TRNSYS and Matlab was developed to allow for comparison and cross-validation with EnergyPlus. The initial evaluation of the theoretical potential of the combined optimal control assumed perfect weather prediction and match between the building model and the actual building counterpart. The analysis showed that the combined utilization leads to cost savings that is significantly greater than either storage but less than the sum of the individual savings. The findings reveal that the cooling-related on-peak electrical demand of commercial buildings can be considerably reduced. A subsequent analysis of the impact of forecasting uncertainty in the required short-term weather forecasts determined that it takes only very simple short-term prediction models to realize almost all of the theoretical potential of this control strategy. Further work evaluated the impact of modeling accuracy on the model-based closed-loop predictive optimal controller to minimize utility cost. The following guidelines have been derived: For an internal heat gain dominated commercial building, reasonable geometry simplifications are acceptable without a loss of cost savings potential. In fact, zoning simplification may improve optimizer performance and save computation time. The mass of the internal structure did not show a strong effect on the optimization. Building construction characteristics were found to impact building passive thermal storage capacity. It is thus advisable to make sure the construction material is well modeled. Zone temperature setpoint profiles and TES performance are strongly affected by mismatches in internal heat gains, especially when they are underestimated. Since they are a key factor in determining the building cooling load, efforts should be made to keep the internal gain mismatch as small as possible. Efficiencies of the building energy systems affect both zone temperature setpoints and active TES operation because of the coupling of the base chiller for building precooling and the icemaking TES chiller. Relative efficiencies of the base and TES chillers will determine the balance of operation of the two chillers. The impact of mismatch in this category may be significant. Next, a parametric analysis was conducted to assess the effects of building mass, utility rate, building location and season, thermal comfort, central plant capacities, and an economizer on the cost saving performance of optimal control for active and passive building thermal storage inventory. The key findings are: (1) Heavy-mass buildings, strong-incentive time-of-use electrical utility rates, and large on-peak cooling loads will likely lead to attractive savings resulting from optimal combined thermal storage control. (2) By using economizer to take advantage of the cool fresh air during the night, the bu

Gregor P. Henze; Moncef Krarti

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

191

Building Technologies Program | Clean Energy | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building Technologies Program Building Technologies Program SHARE Building Technologies Program The Building Technologies Program Office administratively facilitates the integration of ORNL research across disciplines to support federally-and privately-funded research. ORNL's buildings research is directed and funded primarily by the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, specifically the Building Technologies Program. The Federal Energy Management Program, Geothermal Technologies Program, Advanced Manufacturing Office,Office of Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program, Policy and International Affairs, Concentrating Solar Power Program, Sustainability Performance Office, and other partners also support ORNL's research to develop new building technologies. Building Technologies Office

192

A review of methods to match building energy simulation models to measured data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

whole building heat energy and electrical loads. Therefore,in HVAC system electrical energy consumption in response towhole-building electrical energy consumption). Procedural

Coakley, Daniel; Raftery, Paul; Keane, Marcus

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Air Barriers for Residential and Commercial Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Air Barriers for Residential and Air Barriers for Residential and Commercial Buildings Diana Hun, PhD Oak Ridge National Laboratory dehun@ornl.gov 865-574-5139 April 4, 2013 BTO Program Peer Review 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Problem Statement & Project Focus - Air leakage is a significant contributor to HVAC loads - ~50% in residential buildings (Sherman and Matson 1997) - ~33% of heating loads in office buildings (Emmerich et al. 2005) - Airtightness of buildings listed in BTO prioritization tool

194

Air Barriers for Residential and Commercial Buildings  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Air Barriers for Residential and Air Barriers for Residential and Commercial Buildings Diana Hun, PhD Oak Ridge National Laboratory dehun@ornl.gov 865-574-5139 April 4, 2013 BTO Program Peer Review 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Problem Statement & Project Focus - Air leakage is a significant contributor to HVAC loads - ~50% in residential buildings (Sherman and Matson 1997) - ~33% of heating loads in office buildings (Emmerich et al. 2005) - Airtightness of buildings listed in BTO prioritization tool

195

BUILDING INSPECTION Building, Infrastructure, Transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sacramento, Ca 95814-5514 Re: Green Building Ordinance and the Building Energy Efficiency Standards Per and lower energy usage was reviewed. This factor is contained in the adopted Green Building Code Section 9 for the May 5, 2010 California Energy Commission business meeting. Thank you. John LaTorra Building Inspection

196

Research Article Building Thermal, Lighting,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Article Building Thermal, Lighting, and Acoustics Modeling E-mail: yanda@tsinghua.edu.cn A detailed loads comparison of three building energy modeling programs: EnergyPlus, DeST and DOE-2.1E Dandan Zhu 1 , Tianzhen Hong 2 , Da Yan 1 (), Chuang Wang 1 1. Department of Building Science, School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China 2. Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA Abstract Building energy simulation is widely used to help design energy efficient building envelopes and HVAC systems, develop and demonstrate compliance of building energy codes, and implement building energy rating programs. However, large discrepancies exist between simulation results

197

Building Technologies Office: Bookmark Notice  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bookmark Notice to Bookmark Notice to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Bookmark Notice on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Bookmark Notice on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Bookmark Notice on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Bookmark Notice on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Bookmark Notice on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Bookmark Notice on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Technology Research, Standards, & Codes Popular Residential Links Success Stories Previous Next Warming Up to Pump Heat. Lighten Energy Loads with System Design. Cut Refrigerator Energy Use to Save Money. Tools EnergyPlus Whole Building Simulation Program

198

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: CHVAC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CHVAC CHVAC CHVAC logo. Quickly and accurately calculates the maximum heating and cooling loads for commercial buildings. CHVAC allows an unlimited number of zones which can be grouped into as many as 100 air handling systems. CHVAC automatically looks up all CLTD cooling load and correction factors necessary for computing loads. In addition, the programs can look up outdoor design weather data for over 1500 cities located around the world. There is also provision for editing the weather data as well as adding data for other cities. Comprehensive reports list the general project data, detailed zone loads, air handler summary loads, outside air loads, total building loads, building envelope analysis, tonnage requirements, CFM air quantities, chilled water flow rates (if applicable), and complete psychrometric data

199

Princeton -Weekly Bulletin 2/10/03 -Abraham: U.S. participation in international fusion effort builds on success at PPPL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

international fusion energy initiative called ITER. Praising the achievements of the fusion energy research into heavier elements such as helium and release enormous amounts of energy. Efforts to control and harnessPrinceton - Weekly Bulletin 2/10/03 - Abraham: U.S. participation in international fusion effort

200

Service Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Service Service Characteristics by Activity... Service Service buildings are those in which some type of service is provided, other than food service or retail sales of goods. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Service Buildings... Most service buildings were small, with almost ninety percent between 1,001 and 10,000 square feet. Tables: Buildings and Size Data by Basic Characteristics Establishment, Employment, and Age Data by Characteristics Number of Service Buildings by Predominant Building Size Category Figure showing number of service buildings by size. If you need assistance viewing this page, please contact 202-586-8800. Equipment Table: Buildings, Size, and Age Data by Equipment Types Predominant Heating Equipment Types in Service Buildings

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Mercantile Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mercantile Mercantile Characteristics by Activity... Mercantile Mercantile buildings are those used for the sale and display of goods other than food (buildings used for the sales of food are classified as food sales). This category includes enclosed malls and strip shopping centers. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Mercantile Buildings... Almost half of all mercantile buildings were less than 5,000 square feet. Roughly two-thirds of mercantile buildings housed only one establishment. Another 20 percent housed between two and five establishments, and the remaining 12 percent housed six or more establishments. Tables: Buildings and Size Data by Basic Characteristics Establishment, Employment, and Age Data by Characteristics

202

Other Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Other Other Characteristics by Activity... Other Other buildings are those that do not fit into any of the specifically named categories. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Other Buildings... Other buildings include airplane hangars; laboratories; buildings that are industrial or agricultural with some retail space; buildings having several different commercial activities that, together, comprise 50 percent or more of the floorspace, but whose largest single activity is agricultural, industrial/manufacturing, or residential; and all other miscellaneous buildings that do not fit into any other CBECS category. Since these activities are so diverse, the data are probably less meaningful than for other activities; they are provided here to complete

203

Sheffield Metals International | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Metals International Metals International Jump to: navigation, search Name Sheffield Metals International Address 5467 Evergreen Parkway Place Sheffield Village, Ohio Zip 44054 Sector Buildings, Efficiency, Solar Product Agriculture; Consulting; Manufacturing; Retail product sales and distribution;Trainining and education Phone number 800-283-5262 Website http://www.sheffieldmetals.com Coordinates 41.452914°, -82.072009° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.452914,"lon":-82.072009,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

204

Methods for Analyzing Electric Load Shape and its Variability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current methods of summarizing and analyzing electric load shape are discussed briefly and compared. Simple rules of thumb for graphical display of load shapes are suggested. We propose a set of parameters that quantitatively describe the load shape in many buildings. Using the example of a linear regression model to predict load shape from time and temperature, we show how quantities such as the load?s sensitivity to outdoor temperature, and the effectiveness of demand response (DR), can be quantified. Examples are presented using real building data.

Price, Philip

2010-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

205

Buildings*","Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8. Primary Space-Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" 8. Primary Space-Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings*","Buildings with Space Heating","Primary Space-Heating Energy Source Used a" ,,,"Electricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat" "All Buildings* ...............",4645,3982,1258,1999,282,63 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",2552,2100,699,955,171,"Q" "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",889,782,233,409,58,"Q" "10,001 to 25,000 .............",738,659,211,372,32,"Q" "25,001 to 50,000 .............",241,225,63,140,8,9

206

Buildings*","Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6. Space Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" 6. Space Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings*","Buildings with Space Heating","Space-Heating Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Elec- tricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","Propane","Other a" "All Buildings* ...............",4645,3982,1766,2165,360,65,372,113 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",2552,2100,888,1013,196,"Q",243,72 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",889,782,349,450,86,"Q",72,"Q" "10,001 to 25,000 .............",738,659,311,409,46,18,38,"Q"

207

Buildings*","Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" 1. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings*","Buildings with Water Heating","Water-Heating Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Elec- tricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","Propane" "All Buildings* ...............",4645,3472,1910,1445,94,27,128 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",2552,1715,1020,617,41,"N",66 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",889,725,386,307,"Q","Q",27 "10,001 to 25,000 .............",738,607,301,285,16,"Q",27

208

Sustainable Buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The construction and real estate sectors are in a state of change: ... operated differently, i.e. more sustainably. Sustainable building means to build intelligently: the focus ... comprehensive quality concept t...

Christine Lemaitre

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software- Green Building Studio Web Service version 3.0  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Provides required documentation that Green Building Studio Web Service version 3.0 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

210

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software ? Green Building Studio Web Service version 3.1  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Provides required documentation that Green Building Studio Web Service version 3.1 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated June 2, 2006, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

211

Load Management for Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the electric utility industry, load management provides the opportunity to control customer loads to beneficially alter a utility's load curve Load management alternatives are covered. Load management methods can be broadly classified into four...

Konsevick, W. J., Jr.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Building technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

After growing up on construction sites, Roderick Jackson is now helping to make buildings nationwide far more energy efficient.

Jackson, Roderick

2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

213

Building technologies  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

After growing up on construction sites, Roderick Jackson is now helping to make buildings nationwide far more energy efficient.

Jackson, Roderick

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

214

Building Energy Efficiency in India: Compliance Evaluation of Energy Conservation Building Code  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

India is experiencing unprecedented construction boom. The country doubled its floorspace between 2001 and 2005 and is expected to add 35 billion m2 of new buildings by 2050. Buildings account for 35% of total final energy consumption in India today, and building energy use is growing at 8% annually. Studies have shown that carbon policies will have little effect on reducing building energy demand. Chaturvedi et al. predicted that, if there is no specific sectoral policies to curb building energy use, final energy demand of the Indian building sector will grow over five times by the end of this century, driven by rapid income and population growth. The growing energy demand in buildings is accompanied by a transition from traditional biomass to commercial fuels, particularly an increase in electricity use. This also leads to a rapid increase in carbon emissions and aggravates power shortage in India. Growth in building energy use poses challenges to the Indian government. To curb energy consumption in buildings, the Indian government issued the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) in 2007, which applies to commercial buildings with a connected load of 100 kW or 120kVA. It is predicted that the implementation of ECBC can help save 25-40% of energy, compared to reference buildings without energy-efficiency measures. However, the impact of ECBC depends on the effectiveness of its enforcement and compliance. Currently, the majority of buildings in India are not ECBC-compliant. The United Nations Development Programme projected that code compliance in India would reach 35% by 2015 and 64% by 2017. Whether the projected targets can be achieved depends on how the code enforcement system is designed and implemented. Although the development of ECBC lies in the hands of the national government – the Bureau of Energy Efficiency under the Ministry of Power, the adoption and implementation of ECBC largely relies on state and local governments. Six years after ECBC’s enactment, only two states and one territory out of 35 Indian states and union territories formally adopted ECBC and six additional states are in the legislative process of approving ECBC. There are several barriers that slow down the process. First, stakeholders, such as architects, developers, and state and local governments, lack awareness of building energy efficiency, and do not have enough capacity and resources to implement ECBC. Second, institution for implementing ECBC is not set up yet; ECBC is not included in local building by-laws or incorporated into the building permit process. Third, there is not a systematic approach to measuring and verifying compliance and energy savings, and thus the market does not have enough confidence in ECBC. Energy codes achieve energy savings only when projects comply with codes, yet only few countries measure compliance consistently and periodic checks often indicate poor compliance in many jurisdictions. China and the U.S. appear to be two countries with comprehensive systems in code enforcement and compliance The United States recently developed methodologies measuring compliance with building energy codes at the state level. China has an annual survey investigating code compliance rate at the design and construction stages in major cities. Like many developing countries, India has only recently begun implementing an energy code and would benefit from international experience on code compliance. In this paper, we examine lessons learned from the U.S. and China on compliance assessment and how India can apply these lessons to develop its own compliance evaluation approach. This paper also provides policy suggestions to national, state, and local governments to improve compliance and speed up ECBC implementation.

Yu, Sha; Evans, Meredydd; Delgado, Alison

2014-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

215

Demand Relief and Weather Sensitivity in Large California Commercial Office Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

implemented or are under consideration. Historically, the target customers have been large industrial users who can reduce the equivalent load of several large office buildings. While the individual load reduction from an individual office building may be less...

Kinney, S.; Piette, M. A.; Gu, L.; Haves, P.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Load Allocation Through Detailed Simulation Calibrated with Monitored Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the only solution would be to monitor the energy channels within the buildings (monitoring the main building meters as a minimum). A real problem that is often associated with institutional buildings (university and hospital campuses) is that two... answer to the load allocation can only be answered by monitoring every energy channel in the building which proves to be very costly. A cost-effective solution was used where the monitoring plan covers the main three meters in the building under...

Abushakra, B.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Building Energy Analyzer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building Energy Analyzer Building Energy Analyzer Building Energy Analyzer logo. Provides quick economic analysis for commercial and industrial buildings. Building Energy Analyzer (BEA) estimates annual and monthly loads and costs associated with air-conditioning, heating, on-site power generation, thermal storage, and heat recovery systems for a given building and location. The user can compare the performance of standard and high efficiency electric chillers, variable speed electric chillers, absorption chillers, engine chillers, thermal storage, on-site generators, heat recovery, or desiccant systems. The user can also prepare side-by-side economic comparisons of different energy options and equipment life cycle cost analysis. The BEA is a system screening tool. It is a tool that is

218

Category:Building Models | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Models Models Jump to: navigation, search This category uses the form Buildings Model. Pages in category "Building Models" The following 12 pages are in this category, out of 12 total. G General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load Baseline General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load Baseline G cont. General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami High Plug Load Baseline General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami Low Plug Load Baseline G cont. Grocery 2009 TSD Chicago 50% Energy Savings Grocery 2009 TSD Chicago Baseline

219

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Codes and Standards Codes and Standards Photo of two inspectors looking at a clipboard on a commercial building site with the steel frame of a commercial building in the background. Local code officials enforce building energy codes. Credit: iStockphoto Once an energy-efficient technology or practice is widely available in the market, it can become the baseline of performance through building energy codes and equipment standards. The Building Technologies Office (BTO) provides support to states and local governments as they adopt and monitor commercial building code as well as builders working to meet and exceed code. BTO also develops test procedures and minimum efficiency standards for commercial equipment. Building Energy Codes DOE encourages using new technologies and better building practices to improve energy efficiency. Mandating building energy efficiency by including it in state and local codes is an effective strategy for achieving that goal. The Building Energy Codes Program works with the International Code Council (ICC), American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA), American Institute of Architects (AIA), the building industry, and state and local officials to develop and promote more stringent and easy-to-understand building energy codes and to assess potential code barriers to new energy-efficient technologies.

220

Empirical Characterization and Modeling of Electrical Loads in Smart Homes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in data analysis: i) generating device-accurate synthetic traces of building electricity usage, and ii) filtering out loads that generate rapid and random power variations in building electricity data. Keywords--ElectricalEmpirical Characterization and Modeling of Electrical Loads in Smart Homes Sean Barker, Sandeep

Shenoy, Prashant

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Building Technologies Office: Residential Building Activities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Residential Building Residential Building Activities to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Residential Building Activities on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Residential Building Activities on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Residential Building Activities on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Residential Building Activities on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Residential Building Activities on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Residential Building Activities on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Challenge Home Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals

222

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Neighborhood  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Search Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Search Search Help Better Buildings Neighborhood Program HOME ABOUT BETTER BUILDINGS PARTNERS INNOVATIONS RUN A PROGRAM TOOLS & RESOURCES NEWS EERE » Building Technologies Office » Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program on Delicious

223

Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building America Building America Meetings to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education Climate-Specific Guidance Solution Center Partnerships Meetings Publications Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR

224

Building America Building Science Education Roadmap | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Building Science Education Roadmap Building America Building Science Education Roadmap This roadmap outlines steps that U.S. Department of Energy Building America program must take...

225

Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building Energy Building Energy Optimization Software to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education Climate-Specific Guidance

226

Buildings Blog  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

blog Office of Energy Efficiency & blog Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 en EnergyPlus Boosts Building Efficiency with Help from Autodesk http://energy.gov/eere/articles/energyplus-boosts-building-efficiency-help-autodesk building-efficiency-help-autodesk" class="title-link">EnergyPlus Boosts Building Efficiency with Help from Autodesk

227

Building Science  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Science Science The "Enclosure" Joseph Lstiburek, Ph.D., P.Eng, ASHRAE Fellow www.buildingscience.com * Control heat flow * Control airflow * Control water vapor flow * Control rain * Control ground water * Control light and solar radiation * Control noise and vibrations * Control contaminants, environmental hazards and odors * Control insects, rodents and vermin * Control fire * Provide strength and rigidity * Be durable * Be aesthetically pleasing * Be economical Building Science Corporation Joseph Lstiburek 2 Water Control Layer Air Control Layer Vapor Control Layer Thermal Control Layer Building Science Corporation Joseph Lstiburek 3 Building Science Corporation Joseph Lstiburek 4 Building Science Corporation Joseph Lstiburek 5 Building Science Corporation

228

Building Name BuildingAbbr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Capture/InstrCam ClassroomCapture/TechAsst SkypeWebcam NOTES for R&R Only Room Detail Building Times Weekend and Evening BldgBuilding Name BuildingAbbr RoomNumber SeatCount DepartmentalPriority SpecialNeedsSeating Special Detail Building Contacts Event Scheduling Detail BI 02010 104 NR Y 52 61 81 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 94

Parker, Matthew D. Brown

229

Residential Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Exterior and interior of apartment building Exterior and interior of apartment building Residential Buildings The study of ventilation in residential buildings is aimed at understanding the role that air leakage, infiltration, mechanical ventilation, natural ventilation and building use have on providing acceptable indoor air quality so that energy and related costs can be minimized without negatively impacting indoor air quality. Risks to human health and safety caused by inappropriate changes to ventilation and air tightness can be a major barrier to achieving high performance buildings and must be considered.This research area focuses primarily on residential and other small buildings where the interaction of the envelope is important and energy costs are dominated by space conditioning energy rather than air

230

Building Technologies Office: Standards and Test Procedures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Standards and Test Standards and Test Procedures to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Standards and Test Procedures on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Standards and Test Procedures on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Standards and Test Procedures on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Standards and Test Procedures on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Standards and Test Procedures on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Standards and Test Procedures on AddThis.com... About Standards & Test Procedures Implementation, Certification & Enforcement Rulemakings & Notices Further Guidance ENERGY STAR® Popular Links Success Stories Previous Next Lighten Energy Loads with System Design. Learn More.

231

Load Data and Load Vector Assembly  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Data for loading cases in solid mechanics problems is described. The following external loading factors can be specified: concentrated nodal forces, distributed surface forces, and thermal loading. JavaTM class F...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Development | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Printable Version Printable Version Development Commercial Residential Adoption Compliance Regulations Resource Center Development The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) supports and participates in the model building energy code development processes administered by the ASHRAE and the International Code Council (ICC). DOE activities include developing and submitting code change proposals, conducting analysis of building energy efficiency and cost savings, and formulating underlying evaluation methodologies. Through participation in model energy code development for both commercial and residential buildings, DOE strives to make cost-effective, energy efficient upgrades to current model codes. DOE also establishes energy efficiency standards for federal buildings and manufactured housing. Further information on this process is defined under

233

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Reference Commercial Reference Buildings to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities 179d Tax Calculator Advanced Energy Design Guides Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Buildings Performance Database Data Centers Energy Asset Score

234

Building Technologies Office: Buildings to Grid Integration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Buildings to Grid Buildings to Grid Integration to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Buildings to Grid Integration on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Buildings to Grid Integration on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Buildings to Grid Integration on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Buildings to Grid Integration on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Buildings to Grid Integration on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Buildings to Grid Integration on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research Space Heating & Cooling Research Water Heating Research Lighting Research

235

Building Energy Code | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Code Code Jump to: navigation, search Building energy codes adopted by states (and some local governments) require commercial and/or residential construction to adhere to certain energy standards. While some governmental bodies have developed their own building energy codes, many use existing codes, such as the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC), developed and published by the International Code Council (ICC); or ASHRAE 90.1, developed by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE). A few local building energy codes require certain commercial facilities to meet green building standards. [1] Building Energy Code Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 85) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active

236

BuildingOS by Lucid | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

systems, submeters, lighting and plug load controls, onsite generation systems, demand response providers, as well as electric and gas utilities. BuildingOS eliminates vendor...

237

Building Energy in China: Forward to Low-Carbon Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building Energy in China: Forward to Low- Carbon Economy Prof. LONG Weiding Tongji University - 8 th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations Oct. 20-22, 2008 Berlin, Germany ESL-IC-08-10-06 Proceedings of the Eighth... International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 - Interrlational Status and Trends of Building Energy in China Contents Status and Trends of GHG Mitigation in China On-going Projects for Low-Carbon Building...

Weiding, L.

238

Building Energy Codes 101: An Introduction | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Codes 101: An Introduction Codes 101: An Introduction In order to provide a basic introduction to the varied and complex issues associated with building energy codes, the U.S. Department of Energy's Building Energy Codes Program, with valued assistance from the International Codes Council and ASHRAE, has prepared Building Energy Codes 101: An Introduction. This guide is designed to speak to a broad audience with an interest in building energy efficiency, including state energy officials, architects, engineers, designers, and members of the public. Publication Date: Wednesday, February 17, 2010 BECP_Building Energy Codes 101_February2010_v00.pdf Document Details Last Name: Britt Initials: M Affiliation: PNNL Document Number: PNNL-70586 Focus: Adoption Code Development Compliance Building Type:

239

Buildings Database  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy EERE Home | Programs & Offices | Consumer Information Buildings Database Welcome Guest Log In | Register | Contact Us Home About All Projects...

240

Office Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Since they comprised 18 percent of commercial floorspace, this means that their total energy intensity was just slightly above average. Office buildings predominantly used...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Partners  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Better Better Buildings Partners to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Partners on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Partners on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Partners on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Partners on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Partners on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Partners on AddThis.com... Better Buildings Residential Network Progress Stories Interviews Videos Events Quick Links to Partner Information AL | AZ | CA | CO | CT FL | GA | IL | IN | LA ME | MD | MA | MI | MO NE | NV | NH | NJ | NY

242

Building Technologies Office: National Laboratories Supporting Building  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Laboratories National Laboratories Supporting Building America to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: National Laboratories Supporting Building America on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: National Laboratories Supporting Building America on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: National Laboratories Supporting Building America on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: National Laboratories Supporting Building America on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: National Laboratories Supporting Building America on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: National Laboratories Supporting Building America on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America

243

Building Technologies Office: Integrated Building Management System  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Integrated Building Integrated Building Management System Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Integrated Building Management System Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Integrated Building Management System Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Integrated Building Management System Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Integrated Building Management System Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Integrated Building Management System Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Integrated Building Management System Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE

244

16 Load Data Cleansing and Bus Load  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

375 16 Load Data Cleansing and Bus Load Coincidence Factors* Wenyuan Li, Ke Wang, and Wijarn Wangdee 16.1 INTRODUCTION Load curve data refer to power consumptions recorded by meters at certain time intervals at buses of individual substations. Load curve data are one of the most important datasets

Wang, Ke

245

Validation and Application of the Room Model of the Modelica Buildings Library  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent developments of the Modelica buildings library forthe 8th International Modelica Conference. Dresden, Germany,Transfer in Rooms in the Modelica "Buildings" Library," in

Nouidui, Thierry Stephane

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Modeling and Optimal Control Algorithm Design for HVAC Systems in Energy Efficient Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Litz. Simulation of thermal building behaviour in modelica.of the 2nd International Modelica Conference, volume 154.building behaviour using Modelica. Mathematical and Computer

Maasoumy, Mehdi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Farm Buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... is intended to guide the American farmer and agricultural student in designing and constructing farm buildings. It is stated that farm ... . It is stated that farm buildings have had their most rapid development in America in the years since 1910. Prior ...

1923-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

248

Energy savings from direct-DC in U.S. residential buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

savings from direct-DC in U.S. residential buildings savings from direct-DC in U.S. residential buildings Title Energy savings from direct-DC in U.S. residential buildings Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Vossos, Vagelis, Karina Garbesi, and Hongxia Shen Journal Energy and Buildings Volume Volume 68, Part A Pagination 223-231 Date Published 09/2013 Keywords Direct current (DC), energy conservation, Photovoltaics (PV), residential buildings Abstract An increasing number of energy-efficient appliances operate on direct current (DC) internally, offering the potential to use DC directly from renewable energy systems, thereby avoiding the energy losses inherent in converting power to alternating current (AC) and back. This paper investigates that potential for net-metered residences with on-site photovoltaics (PV) by modeling the net power draw of a 'direct-DC house' compared to that of a typical net-metered house with AC distribution, assuming identical DC-internal loads. The model comparisons were run for 14 cities in the United States, using hourly, simulated PV-system output and residential loads. The model tested the effects of climate and battery storage. A sensitivity analysis was conducted to determine how future changes in the efficiencies of power system components might affect potential energy savings. Based on this work, we estimate that net-metered PV residences could save 5% of their total electricity load for houses without storage and 14% for houses with storage. Direct-DC energy savings are sensitive to power system and appliance conversion efficiencies but are not significantly influenced by climate.

249

EIA - Distributed Generation in Buildings  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Previous reports Previous reports Distributed Generation in Buildings - AEO2005 Modeling Distributed Electricity Generation in the NEMS Buildings Models - July 2002 Modeling Distributed Generation in the Buildings Sectors Supplement to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 - Release date: August 29, 2013 Distributed and dispersed generation technologies generate electricity near the particular load they are intended to serve, such as a residential home or commercial building. EIA defines distributed generation (DG) as being connected to the electrical grid and intended to directly offset retail sales, and dispersed generation as being off-grid and often used for remote applications where grid-connected electricity is cost-prohibitive. Dispersed generation in the buildings sector is not currently gathered by

250

commercial buildings | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

buildings buildings Dataset Summary Description Emissions from energy use in buildings are usually estimated on an annual basis using annual average multipliers. Using annual numbers provides a reasonable estimation of emissions, but it provides no indication of the temporal nature of the emissions. Therefore, there is no way of understanding the impact on emissions from load shifting and peak shaving technologies such as thermal energy storage, on-site renewable energy, and demand control. Source NREL Date Released April 11th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated April 11th, 2011 (3 years ago) Keywords buildings carbon dioxide emissions carbon footprinting CO2 commercial buildings electricity emission factors ERCOT hourly emission factors interconnect nitrogen oxides NOx SO2

251

Residential Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residential Residential Residential Buildings Residential buildings-such as single family homes, townhomes, condominiums, and apartment buildings-are all covered by the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS). See the RECS home page for further information. However, buildings that offer multiple accomodations such as hotels, motels, inns, dormitories, fraternities, sororities, convents, monasteries, and nursing homes, residential care facilities are considered commercial buildings and are categorized in the CBECS as lodging. Specific questions may be directed to: Joelle Michaels joelle.michaels@eia.doe.gov CBECS Manager Release date: January 21, 2003 Page last modified: May 5, 2009 10:18 AM http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/archive/cbecs/pba99/residential.html

252

Phase-change wallboard and mechanical night ventilation in commercial buildings: Potential for HVAC system downsizing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As thermal storage media, phase-change materials (PCMs) such as paraffin, eutectic salts, etc. offer an order-of-magnitude increase in thermal storage capacity, and their discharge is almost isothermal. By embedding PCMs in dypsum board, plaster, or other wall-covering materials, the building structure acquires latent storage properties. Structural elements containing PCMs can store large amounts of energy while maintaining the indoor temperature within a relatively narrow range. As heat storage takes place inside the building where the loads occur, rather than at a central exterior location, the internal loads are removed without the need for additional transport energy. Distributed latent storage can thus be used to reduce the peak power demand of a building, downsize the cooling system, and/or switch to low-energy cooling sources. The authors used RADCOOL, a thermal building simulation program based on the finite difference approach, to numerically evaluate the thermal performance of PCM wallboard coupled with mechanical night ventilation in office buildings offers the opportunity for system downsizing in climates where the outside air temperature drops below 18 C at night. In climates where the outside air temperature remains above 19 C at night, the use of PCM wallboard should be coupled with discharge mechanisms other than mechanical night ventilation with outside air.

Stetiu, C.; Feustel, H.E.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Residential  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Better Better Buildings Residential Network-Current Members to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Residential Network-Current Members on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Residential Network-Current Members on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Residential Network-Current Members on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Residential Network-Current Members on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Residential Network-Current Members on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Residential Network-Current Members on AddThis.com...

254

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Building Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Commercial

255

Building Technologies Office: About Residential Building Programs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

About Residential About Residential Building Programs to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: About Residential Building Programs on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: About Residential Building Programs on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: About Residential Building Programs on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: About Residential Building Programs on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: About Residential Building Programs on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: About Residential Building Programs on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Technology Research, Standards, & Codes Popular Residential Links Success Stories Previous Next Warming Up to Pump Heat.

256

Building America Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting: July 2010 Building America Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting: July 2010 On this page, you may link to the summary...

257

Building Energy Optimization Analysis Method (BEopt) - Building...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Energy Optimization Analysis Method (BEopt) - Building America Top Innovation Building Energy Optimization Analysis Method (BEopt) - Building America Top Innovation House graphic...

258

Building America Building Science Education Roadmap  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Building America Building America Building Science Education Roadmap April 2013 Contents Introduction ................................................................................................................................ 3 Background ................................................................................................................................. 4 Summit Participants .................................................................................................................... 5 Key Results .................................................................................................................................. 6 Problem ...................................................................................................................................... 7

259

Building America Update - May 9, 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

May 9, 2013 May 9, 2013 This announcement brings you the latest information about news, activities, and publications from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program. Please forward this message to colleagues who may be interested in subscribing to future Building America Update newsletters. View Sessions from Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting The Building America program held its 4 th annual Technical Update meeting on April 29-30, 2013, in Denver, Colorado. The meeting showcased Building America's world-class building science expertise for high performance homes, and focused on eight critical questions facing the building industry today, such as: * How Do We Retrofit the Tough Buildings? * What are the Best Off-the-Shelf HVAC Solutions for Low-Load, High-Performance Homes and Apartments?

260

Improving Conditions for Green Building Construction in North  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

green building a standard practice throughout North America. · In 2011, the CEC formed the TrilateralImproving Conditions for Green Building Construction in North America QUEST 2012 INTERNATIONAL Green Building Task Force, comprising North American leaders from the green building industry

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Industrial Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Industrial Industrial Industrial / Manufacturing Buildings Industrial/manufacturing buildings are not considered commercial, but are covered by the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). See the MECS home page for further information. Commercial buildings found on a manufacturing industrial complex, such as an office building for a manufacturer, are not considered to be commercial if they have the same owner and operator as the industrial complex. However, they would be counted in the CBECS if they were owned and operated independently of the manufacturing industrial complex. Specific questions may be directed to: Joelle Michaels joelle.michaels@eia.doe.gov CBECS Manager Release date: January 21, 2003 Page last modified: May 5, 2009 10:18 AM http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/archive/cbecs/pba99/industrial.html

262

Property:Buildings/ModelYear | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Buildings/ModelYear Buildings/ModelYear Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Date. Pages using the property "Buildings/ModelYear" Showing 12 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + 2009 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load Baseline + 2009 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + 2009 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load Baseline + 2009 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + 2009 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami High Plug Load Baseline + 2009 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + 2009 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami Low Plug Load Baseline + 2009 +

263

Better Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Challenge National leadership Initiative Better Information MOU with the Appraisal Foundation Better Tax Incentives/Credits New :179d eligibility and tool; Announced in March Better Financing With Small Business...: engaging in ESCO financing with low interest bonds) ?Tenant/Employee behaviors at odds with efficiency goals ?Split incentives ?Not enough/qualified workforce Better Buildings strategies to overcome barriers and drive action 4 Better Buildings...

Neukomm, M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

ESCO Framework for Public/Federal Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 Building Technologies ? Siemens 2008 Climate Change and Global Warming Not a new topic, but now with the right attention ! z z z z z z z z z z z z z z... z z No environmental awareness without economic interests Page 2 ESL-IC-08-10-01 Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 SB T B A U /EE S ? Siemens 2008 Building...

Liehr, G.

265

OpenEI - buildings  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hourly Energy Emission Hourly Energy Emission Factors for Electricity Generation in the United States http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/488 Emissions from energy use in buildings are usually estimated on an annual basis using annual average multipliers.  Using annual numbers provides a reasonable estimation of emissions, but it provides no indication of the temporal nature of the emissions.  Therefore, there is no way of understanding the impact on emissions from load shifting and peak shaving technologies such as thermal energy storage, on-site renewable energy, and demand control. 

License

266

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Warehouse  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

267

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Supermarket  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

268

Dehumidification and cooling loads from ventilation air  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The importance of controlling humidity in buildings is cause for concern, in part, because of indoor air quality problems associated with excess moisture in air-conditioning systems. But more universally, the need for ventilation air has forced HVAC equipment (originally optimized for high efficiency in removing sensible heat loads) to remove high moisture loads. To assist cooling equipment and meet the challenge of larger ventilation loads, several technologies have succeeded in commercial buildings. Newer technologies such as subcool/reheat and heat pipe reheat show promise. These increase latent capacity of cooling-based systems by reducing their sensible capacity. Also, desiccant wheels have traditionally provided deeper-drying capacity by using thermal energy in place of electrical power to remove the latent load. Regardless of what mix of technologies is best for a particular application, there is a need for a more effective way of thinking about the cooling loads created by ventilation air. It is clear from the literature that all-too-frequently, HVAC systems do not perform well unless the ventilation air loads have been effectively addressed at the original design stage. This article proposes an engineering shorthand, an annual load index for ventilation air. This index will aid in the complex process of improving the ability of HVAC systems to deal efficiently with the amount of fresh air the industry has deemed useful for maintaining comfort in buildings. Examination of typical behavior of weather shows that latent loads usually exceed sensible loads in ventilation air by at least 3:1 and often as much as 8:1. A designer can use the engineering shorthand indexes presented to quickly assess the importance of this fact for a given system design. To size those components after they are selected, the designer can refer to Chapter 24 of the 1997 ASHRAE Handbook--Fundamentals, which includes separate values for peak moisture and peak temperature.

Harriman, L.G. III [Mason-Grant, Portsmouth, NH (United States); Plager, D. [Quantitative Decision Support, Portsmouth, NH (United States); Kosar, D. [Gas Research Inst., Chicago, IL (United States)

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software-EnergyGauge Summit version 3.1 build 2  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Provides required documentation that EnergyGauge Summit version 3.1 build 2 meets Internal Revenue Code §179D, Notice 2006-52, dated January 31, 2007, for calculating commercial building energy and power cost savings.

270

ASHRAE's New Performance Measurement Protocols for Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Services Administration. 10 IEA is the International Energy Agency. ESL-IC-08-10-11 Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 2 The resultant protocols are intended to provide... Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 3 Chapter 1: Energy (Authors: MacDonald, Haberl). In Chapter 1 the protocols for measuring the building?s energy useare presented. These protocols begin with acollection of facility information...

Haberl, J.; Davies, H.; Owens, B.; Hunn, B.

271

building technology | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

93 93 Varnish cache server Home Groups Community Central Green Button Applications Developer Utility Rate FRED: FRee Energy Database More Public Groups Private Groups Features Groups Blog posts Content Stream Documents Discussions Polls Q & A Events Notices My stuff Energy blogs 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142229493 Varnish cache server building technology Home Dc's picture Submitted by Dc(15) Member 15 November, 2013 - 13:26 Living Walls ancient building system architect biomimicry building technology cooling cu daylight design problem energy use engineer fred andreas geothermal green building heat transfer heating living walls metabolic adjustment net zero pre-electricity Renewable Energy Solar university of colorado utility grid

272

Stochastic Modeling of Overtime Occupancy and Its Application in Building Energy Simulation and Calibration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Overtime is a common phenomenon around the world. Overtime drives both internal heat gains from occupants, lighting and plug-loads, and HVAC operation during overtime periods. Overtime leads to longer occupancy hours and extended operation of building services systems beyond normal working hours, thus overtime impacts total building energy use. Current literature lacks methods to model overtime occupancy because overtime is stochastic in nature and varies by individual occupants and by time. To address this gap in the literature, this study aims to develop a new stochastic model based on the statistical analysis of measured overtime occupancy data from an office building. A binomial distribution is used to represent the total number of occupants working overtime, while an exponential distribution is used to represent the duration of overtime periods. The overtime model is used to generate overtime occupancy schedules as an input to the energy model of a second office building. The measured and simulated cooling energy use during the overtime period is compared in order to validate the overtime model. A hybrid approach to energy model calibration is proposed and tested, which combines ASHRAE Guideline 14 for the calibration of the energy model during normal working hours, and a proposed KS test for the calibration of the energy model during overtime. The developed stochastic overtime model and the hybrid calibration approach can be used in building energy simulations to improve the accuracy of results, and better understand the characteristics of overtime in office buildings.

Sun, Kaiyu; Yan , Da; Hong , Tianzhen; Guo, Siyue

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

273

NREL/OAS-Regional Building Efficiency Workshop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL/OAS-Regional Building Efficiency Workshop NREL/OAS-Regional Building Efficiency Workshop < NREL Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: NREL/OAS-Regional Building Efficiency Workshop Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Organization of American States (OAS) Sector: Energy Focus Area: Buildings, Buildings - Commercial, Buildings - Residential, Water Conservation Resource Type: Presentation, Training materials, Online calculator Website: www.nrel.gov/international/ Language: English References: NREL/OAS-Regional Building Efficiency Workshop[1] "NREL/OAS staff held a regional four-day training workshop to provide selected personnel with detailed knowledge of how to conduct a building efficiency audit. Topics covered included lighting, water conservation,

274

Energy Performance Certification of Buildings: A Policy Tool to Improve  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Performance Certification of Buildings: A Policy Tool to Improve Energy Performance Certification of Buildings: A Policy Tool to Improve Energy Efficiency Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Energy Performance Certification of Buildings: A Policy Tool to Improve Energy Efficiency Agency/Company /Organization: International Energy Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Buildings Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.iea.org/papers/pathways/buildings_certification.pdf Energy Performance Certification of Buildings: A Policy Tool to Improve Energy Efficiency Screenshot References: nergy Performance Certification of Buildings[1] Logo: Energy Performance Certification of Buildings: A Policy Tool to Improve Energy Efficiency

275

Residential Buildings Integration Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Residential Buildings Integration Program Presentation for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review

276

Building Scale DC Microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building TechnologiesEfficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies

Marnay, Chris

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Commercial Buildings Consortium  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Commercial Buildings Integration Project for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review

278

Energy Efficient Buildings Hub  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Energy Efficient Buildings HUB Lunch Presentation for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review

279

Best Practices in Existing Building Commissioning  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

OCTOBER 20-21, 2010 OCTOBER 20-21, 2010 RAPID CITY, SD Best Practices in Existing Building Commissioning Carl E. Lundstrom, P. E., CCP Federal Solutions Manager E M C Engineers, Inc. - Subsidiary of Eaton Corporation * The Purpose & Benefits of Existing Building Commissioning (EBCx) * The Building Commissioning Association (BCA) & "Best Practices" * Contracting & Hiring Qualified Providers * Typical Measures & Ideal Facilities * Success Factors Presentation Agenda What is The Building Commissioning Association? Integrity Leadership Quality Expertise  International non-profit organization (founded in 1998)  Recognized commissioning authority and resource  Commissioning providers, building owners, energy companies, facility managers, architects, engineers, and contractors

280

National System Templates: Building Sustainable National Inventory  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

National System Templates: Building Sustainable National Inventory National System Templates: Building Sustainable National Inventory Management Systems Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: National System Templates: Building Sustainable National Inventory Management Systems Agency/Company /Organization: United States Environmental Protection Agency, United States Agency for International Development Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Non-renewable Energy, Forestry, Agriculture Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Guide/manual, Training materials Website: www.epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/ghginventorycapacitybuilding/templ National System Templates: Building Sustainable National Inventory Management Systems Screenshot References: National System Templates: Building Sustainable National Inventory Management Systems[1]

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Building Technologies Office: Building America Research for the American  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for the American Home for the American Home The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program is helping to engineer American homes for better energy performance, durability, quality, affordability, and comfort. Loading the player ... Watch the video to learn more about how DOE's Building America program is helping to bridge the gap between homes with high energy costs and homes that are healthy, durable, and energy efficient. View the text version of the audio. Building America is a cost-shared industry partnership research program working with national laboratories and building science research teams to accelerate the development and adoption of advanced building energy technologies and practices in new and existing homes. The program works closely with industry partners to develop innovative, real-world solutions that achieve significant energy and cost savings for homeowners, builders, and contractors. Research is conducted on individual measures and systems, test houses, and community-scale housing in order to validate the reliability, cost-effectiveness, and marketability of technologies in new construction and home improvement projects. Find expert building science information based on Building America research in the Solution Center.

282

Minimized Space Conditioning Distribution Strategy for Low-load Homes  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation was given at the Summer 2012 DOE Building America meeting on July 26, 2012, and addressed the question What are the best HVAC solutions for low-load, high performance homes?"

283

HVAC Right-Sizing Part 1: Calculating Loads  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This webinar, presented by IBACOS (a Building America Research Team) will highlight the key criteria required to create accurate heating and cooling load calculations, following the guidelines of the Air Conditioning Contractors of America (ACCA) Manual J version 8

284

Building Energy Code | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Building Energy Code Building Energy Code Building Energy Code < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Program Info State Montana Program Type Building Energy Code Provider Building Codes Bureau ''Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more detailed information about building energy codes, visit the [http://www.energycodes.gov/states/ DOE] and [http://bcap-ocean.org/ BCAP] websites.'' The energy codes are reviewed on a three-year cycle corresponding to the adoption of new versions of the International Code Conference (ICC) Uniform

285

Building America Analysis Spreadsheets | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

America Analysis Spreadsheets America Analysis Spreadsheets Building America Analysis Spreadsheets The Building America Analysis Spreadsheets are companions to the House Simulation Protocols, and can assist with many of the calculations and look-up tables found in the report. The spreadsheets provide the set of standard operating conditions-including hourly and monthly profiles for occupancy, lighting, appliances, and miscellaneous electric loads (MELs)-developed by Building America to objectively compare energy use before and after a retrofit, and against a Benchmark new construction building. Building America analysts may also find the spreadsheets useful for documenting and comparing building characteristics for the Building America projects (pre-retrofit vs. post-retrofit, or new construction test

286

Energy Management Strategies for Existing Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to improve, and how the future work force will need to prepare itself to respond. ESL-IC-09-11-11 Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Austin, Texas, November 17 - 19, 2009 ...

Gilmer, L.

287

Building Technologies Office: Building America Research Tools  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tools to someone by E-mail Tools to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Building America Research Tools on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Building America Research Tools on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America Research Tools on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America Research Tools on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Building America Research Tools on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Building America Research Tools on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education Climate-Specific Guidance Solution Center Partnerships Meetings Publications Home Energy Score

288

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to someone by E-mail to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities 179d Tax Calculator Advanced Energy Design Guides Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Buildings Performance Database Data Centers Energy Asset Score Energy Modeling Software Global Superior Energy Performance Partnership

289

Hidden buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... to charge to research grants a portion of the costs of constructing and financing new buildings. What this means is that institutions confident that their researchers would be well supported ... that institutions confident that their researchers would be well supported have

1991-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

290

Building Energy Codes | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Codes Codes Jump to: navigation, search Building energy codes adopted by states (and some local governments) require commercial and/or residential construction to adhere to certain energy standards. While some governmental bodies have developed their own building energy codes, many use existing codes, such as the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC), developed and published by the International Code Council (ICC); or ASHRAE 90.1, developed by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE). A few local building energy codes require certain commercial facilities to meet green building standards. [1] Contents 1 Building Energy Code Incentives 2 References Building Energy Code Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 85) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active

291

High Performance Buildings Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

High Performance Buildings Database High Performance Buildings Database Jump to: navigation, search The High Performance Buildings Database (HPBD), developed by the United States Department of Energy and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, is "a unique central repository of in-depth information and data on high-performance, green building projects across the United States and abroad."[1] Map of HPBD entries Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":1000,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"-","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026

292

2005 Buildings Energy Data Book  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

5 Buildings Energy Data Book 5 Buildings Energy Data Book Prepared for the Offi ce of Energy Effi ciency and Renewable Energy 2005 Buildings Energy Data Book August 2005 Prepared for the Office of Planning, Budget Formulation and Analysis Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy by D&R International, Ltd. under contract to Oak Ridge National Laboratory This version is dated: August 2005 D I S C L A I M E R This document was designed for the internal use of the United States Department of Energy. This document will be occasionally updated and, therefore, this copy may not reflect the most current version. This document was prepared as account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government.

293

Evaluation of Humidity Control Options in Hot-Humid Climate Homes (Fact Sheet), Building America: Technical Highlight, Building Technologies Program (BTP)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Humidity Control Options in Hot-Humid Climate Homes As the Building America program researches construction of homes that achieve greater source energy savings over typical mid-1990s construction, proper modeling of whole-house latent loads and operation of humidity control equipment has become a high priority. Long-term high relative humidity can cause health and durability problems in homes, particularly in a hot-humid climate. In this study, researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) used the latest EnergyPlus tool equipped with the moisture capacitance model to analyze the indoor relative humidity in three home types: a Building America high-performance home; a mid- 1990s reference home; and a 2006 International Energy Conservation

294

Detailed heat balance analysis of the thermal load variations depending on the blind location and glazing type  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Nowadays, curtain wall is the norm, due to which there is an increase in direct solar gain and heat loss through the window inside the building, causing massive thermal load. Use of blinds has been one of the best counter measures for this. In this study, EnergyPlus modeling has been used to measure the effect of reflectance of blind on heating and cooling load when the blind is located inside or outside for winter and summer condition. Modeling showed that in summer, as blind reflectance increased, cooling load decreased in case of internal blind and increased in case of external blind whereas in winter, the opposite was true for heating load. However, solar energy transmittance increased proportionately with the increase in reflectance of blind irrespective of position in either season. In addition, the heating load profiles under different window material compositions were determined mainly by the U-value variations, which were directly connected to the infrared and convective heat flows from the window into the space. SHGC also showed effect on the heating load to some extent by affecting the solar transmittance and convective and radiant heat flows from the blind into the space.

Yeo Beom Yoon; Dong Soo Kim; Kwang Ho Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Efficiency Vermont's Enhanced Building Operations Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Efficiency Vermont?s Enhanced Building Operations Programs 11th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations Session 4: Regional Utility Programs for Operational Improvement New York City - October 19, 2011 2 Topics... for Discussion ? Introduction: Efficiency Vermont ? Efficiency Vermont?s Whole-Building Operational Improvement Programs & Pilot Programs ?Commissioning & Retro-commissioning Programs ?Re-tuning Pilot Program ?Re-tuning Pilot Program Variations ?Other...

Laflamme, S.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Alabama State Certification of Commercial Building Codes | Building Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Building Codes Commercial Building Codes In response to the U.S. Department of Energy's July 20, 2011 notice of determination in the Federal Register regarding ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2007, Alabama certifies that it has reviewed and adopted the provisions of its Alabama Energy and Residential Code to include the requirement for non-state-funded buildings to comply with the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code, and by reference ASHRAE 90.1-2007. Publication Date: Wednesday, May 15, 2013 Alabama Commercial Certification.pdf Document Details Last Name: Adams Initials: TL Affiliation: Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs Focus: Adoption Building Type: Commercial Code Referenced: ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 2009 IECC Document type: State-specific Target Audience:

297

Office Buildings - Types of Office Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

PDF Office Buildings PDF Office Buildings Types of Office Buildings | Energy Consumption | End-Use Equipment Although no one building type dominates the commercial buildings sector, office buildings are the most common and account for more than 800,000 buildings or 17 percent of total commercial buildings. Offices comprised more than 12 billion square feet of floorspace, 17 percent of total commercial floorspace, the most of any building type. Types of Office Buildings The 2003 CBECS Detailed Tables present data for office buildings along with other principal building activities (see Detailed Tables B13 and B14, for example). Since office buildings comprise a wide range of office-related activities, survey respondents were presented with a follow-up list of specific office types to choose from. Although we have not presented the

298

Building Technologies Program: Building America Publications  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Program Program HOME ABOUT ENERGY EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS APPLIANCE & EQUIPMENT STANDARDS BUILDING ENERGY CODES EERE » Building Technologies Program » Residential Buildings About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education Climate-Specific Guidance Solution Center Partnerships Meetings Publications Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Challenge Home Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Technology Research, Standards, & Codes Feature featured product thumbnail Building America Best Practices Series Volume 14 - HVAC: A Guide for Contractors to Share with Homeowners Details Bookmark &

299

Green Buildings Project Terms of Reference Background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The advancement of green building practices was identified at the Regional District of Nanaimo Saturday, April 3, 2004 Sustainability Workshop 1 as one of the possible ways of making the region a more sustainable place to live. What is a Green Building? Green buildings are buildings that require less energy to operate, contribute fewer emissions to the environment, conserve water, generate less solid waste, and provide more comfortable and productive environments for their inhabitants. The definition of what is a green building is somewhat subjective, but different rating systems have been developed and are becoming more common in their use to assess a building’s greenness. Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) appears to be the most well-known and widely used system to rate the greenness of buildings. It is a voluntary, consensus based self-assessment tool that has been embraced nationally and internationally as ‘the green building design standard 2 ’. LEED establishes a system in which a specified number of points are assigned according to the particular attributes of the building in five performance areas: the sustainability of the building site, water efficiency, energy and atmosphere, materials and resources, and indoor environmental quality. Depending upon the number of points accumulated, and hence the sustainability of the building, buildings are classified as LEED Certified, Silver, Gold or Platinum.

unknown authors

300

Compilation of Diversity Factors and Schedules for Energy and Cooling Load Calculations, Phase II Report - Identified Relevant Data Sets, Methods, and Variability Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for classifying the Office building categories; (3) the relevant methods for daytyping necessary for creating the typical load shapes for energy and cooling load calculation; (4) the relevant robust variability (uncertainty) analysis; (5) typical load shapes...

Abushakra, B.; Haberl, J. S.; Claridge, D. E.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Minnesota | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Minnesota Minnesota Last updated on 2013-06-03 Current News The 2009 editions of the International Residential Code (IRC), International Building Code (IBC), and International Fire Code (IFC) will be published soon and the Construction Codes and Licensing Division and the State Fire Marshal Division have been discussing this adoption. Commercial Residential Code Change Current Code ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2004 with Amendments Amendments / Additional State Code Information Commercial Energy Code Approved Compliance Tools Compliance forms can be downloaded from ASHRAE State Specific Research Impacts of ASHRAE 90.1-2007 for Commercial Buildings in the State of Minnesota (BECP Report, Sept. 2009) Approximate Energy Efficiency Less energy efficient than ASHRAE 90.1-2004 Effective Date 06/01/2009

302

HVAC Right-Sizing Part 1: Calculating Loads  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Building America Building America Presented by: Mike Gestwick - National Renewable Energy Laboratory Arlan Burdick, Anthony Grisolia - IBACOS, a Building America Research Team HVAC Right-Sizing Part 1: Calculating Loads Thursday, April 28 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. Eastern Building Technologies Program Mike Gestwick michael.gestwick@nrel.gov Building America: Introduction April 28, 2011 Introduction to Building America * Reduce energy use in new and existing residential buildings * Promote building science and systems engineering / integration approach * "Do no harm": Ensure safety, health and durability are maintained or improved * Accelerate adoption of high performance technologies www.buildingamerica.gov 15 Industry Research Teams Habitat Cost Effective Energy Retrofit Program

303

Property:Buildings/ModelXmlFile | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ModelXmlFile ModelXmlFile Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type URL. Pages using the property "Buildings/ModelXmlFile" Showing 12 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/models/Chicago/2009_TSD_GeneralMerch_HPL_50percent.xml + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load Baseline + http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/models/Chicago/2009_TSD_GeneralMerch_HPL_Baseline.xml + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/models/Miami/2009_TSD_GeneralMerch_LPL_50percent.xml + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load Baseline + http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/models/Miami/2009_TSD_GeneralMerch_LPL_Baseline.xml +

304

Property:Buildings/ModelIdfFile | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ModelIdfFile ModelIdfFile Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type URL. Pages using the property "Buildings/ModelIdfFile" Showing 12 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/models/Chicago/2009_TSD_GeneralMerch_HPL_50percent.idf + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load Baseline + http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/models/Chicago/2009_TSD_GeneralMerch_HPL_Baseline.idf + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/models/Miami/2009_TSD_GeneralMerch_LPL_50percent.idf + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load Baseline + http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/models/Miami/2009_TSD_GeneralMerch_LPL_Baseline.idf +

305

Building Performance Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of  Three  Building  Energy  Modeling  Programs: and D.  Zhu.  Building energy modeling programs comparison: Comparison  of  building  energy  modeling  programs:  HVAC 

Hong, Tianzhen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Buildings Characteristics 1992 Buildings Characteristics Overview Full Report Tables National and Census region estimates of the number of commercial buildings in the U.S. and...

307

Building Performance Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

technologies, integrated design, building operation andperformance,  integrated  building design and operation, Integrated  Design  and  Operation  for  Very  Low  Energy  Buildings

Hong, Tianzhen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Building Energy Modeling  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Building energy simulation—physics-based calculation of building energy consumption—is a multi-use tool for building energy efficiency.

309

Building Performance Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Y (2008). DeST—An integrated building simulation toolkit,Part ? : Fundamentals. Building Simulation, 1: 95 ? 110.Y (2008). DeST—An integrated building simulation toolkit,

Hong, Tianzhen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Look3D  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Look3D Look3D Look3D logo. A Windows program that creates three-dimensional, full-color surface plots from columnar data. These surface plots can be rotated and customized. Keywords three-dimensional, full-color surface plots from columnar data, energy-use data Validation/Testing N/A Expertise Required No special expertise required. Users International. Audience Anyone analyzing time series data. Input ASCII space delimited numeric files. Input should have time stamp for maximum usability. Output Visualization on screen. Computer Platform Windows 3.1 or higher. Programming Language Visual C++ (source not available). Strengths Particularly useful for visualizing load profile changes over time. Weaknesses N/A Contact Company: Energy Systems Laboratory Address: Building Energy Analysis Division

311

Aldwych International Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product: Aldwych International is an energy company active in the growing economies of Africa and South Asia. Coordinates: 51.506325, -0.127144 Loading map......

312

Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Advancing Building Energy Codes Advancing Building Energy Codes The Building Technologies Office (BTO) supports greater adoption of residential and commercial building energy codes through collaborative efforts with local governments and industry groups, and by providing key tools and assistance for code development, adoption, and implementation. Through advancing building codes, we aim to improve building energy efficiency by 50%, and to help states achieve 90% compliance with their energy codes. 75% of U.S. Buildings will be New or Renovated by 2035, Building Codes will Ensure They Use Energy Wisely. Learn More 75% of U.S. Buildings will be New or Renovated by 2035; Building Codes will Ensure They Use Energy Wisely Learn More Energy Codes Ensure Efficiency in Buildings We offer guidance and technical resources to policy makers, compliance verification professionals, architects, engineers, contractors, and other stakeholders who depend on building energy codes.

313

Impacts of the 2009 IECC for Residential Buildings at State Level - Minnesota  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Minnesota Minnesota September 2009 Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Codes Program BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN MINNESOTA BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN MINNESOTA Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Minnesota Summary The energy efficiency requirements in the Minnesota building code are based on the 2006 International Residential Code (IRC) with relatively extensive modifications. The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the 2006 IRC. The most notable

314

Energy Efficiency in Buildings- the Utilities View  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PAGE 1 Energy Efficiency in Buildings - the Utilities View U. K?nig RWE Energy AG The energy to lead ESL-IC-08-10-27 Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 RWE... International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 RWE Energy / Energieeffizienz bei Immobilien / U. K?nig / ICEBO '08 SEITE 3 RWE ? One of the five leading Energy Companies in Europe > Nr 1 producer of electricity...

Konig, U.

315

Buildings to Grid Integration | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Buildings to Grid Integration Buildings to Grid Integration Buildings to Grid Integration The U.S. Department of Energy is coordinating strategies and activities with companies, individuals, and government entities to address the integration and optimization of buildings with the nation's energy grid. Buildings and the Energy Grid As electricity demand continues to increase, integrating buildings and the electricity grid is a key step to increasing energy efficiency. Intermittent and/or variable generation sources and loads, such as those of electric vehicles, are being installed on the grid in increasing numbers and at more distributed locations. For example, the U.S. government, many states, municipalities, and utility service areas are diversifying and distributing their generation mix, including a larger percentage of

316

Buildings to Grid Integration | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Buildings to Grid Integration Buildings to Grid Integration Buildings to Grid Integration The U.S. Department of Energy is coordinating strategies and activities with companies, individuals, and government entities to address the integration and optimization of buildings with the nation's energy grid. Buildings and the Energy Grid As electricity demand continues to increase, integrating buildings and the electricity grid is a key step to increasing energy efficiency. Intermittent and/or variable generation sources and loads, such as those of electric vehicles, are being installed on the grid in increasing numbers and at more distributed locations. For example, the U.S. government, many states, municipalities, and utility service areas are diversifying and distributing their generation mix, including a larger percentage of

317

Distributed Intelligent Automated Demand Response (DIADR) Building  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Distributed Intelligent Automated Demand Distributed Intelligent Automated Demand Response (DIADR) Building Management System Distributed Intelligent Automated Demand Response (DIADR) Building Management System The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is currently conducting research into distributed intelligent-automated demand response (DIADR) building management systems. Project Description This project aims to develop a DIADR building management system with intelligent optimization and control algorithms for demand management, taking into account a multitude of factors affecting cost including: Comfort Heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) Lighting Other building systems Climate Usage and occupancy patterns. The key challenge is to provide the demand response the ability to address more and more complex building systems that include a variety of loads,

318

Property:Buildings/Models | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:Buildings/Models Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. It links to pages that use the form Buildings Publication. Pages using the property "Buildings/Models" Showing 2 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 50% Energy Savings Technical Support Document 2009 + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load Baseline +, General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings +, General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load Baseline +, ... Grocery Store 50% Energy Savings Technical Support Document 2009 + Grocery 2009 TSD Chicago Baseline +, Grocery 2009 TSD Chicago 50% Energy Savings +, Grocery 2009 TSD Miami Baseline +, ...

319

buildings efficiency cbecs | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

buildings efficiency cbecs buildings efficiency cbecs Dataset Summary Description Source NREL Date Released July 28th, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated July 28th, 2010 (4 years ago) Keywords buildings efficiency cbecs Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset Average vote Your vote Ease of access Average vote Your vote Overall rating Average vote Your vote Comments 1 comment Read more If you rate this dataset, your published comment will include your rating. Syndicate content 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142256151

320

ATLAS Nightly Build System Upgrade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ATLAS Nightly Build System is a facility for automatic production of software releases. Being the major component of ATLAS software infrastructure, it supports more than 50 multi-platform branches of nightly releases and provides ample opportunities for testing new packages, for verifying patches to existing software, and for migrating to new platforms and compilers. The Nightly System testing framework runs several hundred integration tests of different granularity and purpose. The nightly releases are distributed and validated, and some are transformed into stable releases used for data processing worldwide. The first LHC long shutdown (2013-2015) activities will elicit increased load on the Nightly System as additional releases and builds are needed to exploit new programming techniques, languages, and profiling tools. This paper describes the plan of the ATLAS Nightly Build System Long Shutdown upgrade. It brings modern database and web technologies into the Nightly System, improves monitoring of nigh...

Dimitrov, G; The ATLAS collaboration; Simmons, B; Undrus, A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Weather data analysis based on typical weather sequence analysis. Application: energy building simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In building studies dealing about energy efficiency and comfort, simulation software need relevant weather files with optimal time steps. Few tools generate extreme and mean values of simultaneous hourly data including correlation between the climatic parameters. This paper presents the C++ Runeole software based on typical weather sequences analysis. It runs an analysis process of a stochastic continuous multivariable phenomenon with frequencies properties applied to a climatic database. The database analysis associates basic statistics, PCA (Principal Component Analysis) and automatic classifications. Different ways of applying these methods will be presented. All the results are stored in the Runeole internal database that allows an easy selection of weather sequences. The extreme sequences are used for system and building sizing and the mean sequences are used for the determination of the annual cooling loads as proposed by Audrier-Cros (Audrier-Cros, 1984). This weather analysis was tested with the datab...

David, Mathieu; Garde, Francois; Boyer, Harry

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Building Technologies Office: Energy Efficient Buildings Hub  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Efficient Buildings Hub Efficient Buildings Hub This model of a renovated historic building-Building 661-in Philadelphia will house the Energy Efficient Buildings Hub. The facility's renovation will serve as a best practices model for commercial building design, historic adaptive re-use, and energy efficiency innovation through continuous retrofit. The U.S. Department of Energy created the Energy Efficient Buildings Hub in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to promote regional job creation and economic growth while also improving the energy efficiency of commercial buildings. Established in 2011, the Energy Efficient Buildings Hub seeks to demonstrate how innovating technologies can help building owners and operators can save money by adopting energy efficient technologies and techniques. The goal is to enable the nation to cut energy use in the commercial buildings sector by 20% by 2020.

323

PASSIVE DETECTION OF VEHICLE LOADING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Digital Imaging and Remote Sensing Laboratory (DIRS) at the Rochester Institute of Technology, along with the Savannah River National Laboratory is investigating passive methods to quantify vehicle loading. The research described in this paper investigates multiple vehicle indicators including brake temperature, tire temperature, engine temperature, acceleration and deceleration rates, engine acoustics, suspension response, tire deformation and vibrational response. Our investigation into these variables includes building and implementing a sensing system for data collection as well as multiple full-scale vehicle tests. The sensing system includes; infrared video cameras, triaxial accelerometers, microphones, video cameras and thermocouples. The full scale testing includes both a medium size dump truck and a tractor-trailer truck on closed courses with loads spanning the full range of the vehicle's capacity. Statistical analysis of the collected data is used to determine the effectiveness of each of the indicators for characterizing the weight of a vehicle. The final sensing system will monitor multiple load indicators and combine the results to achieve a more accurate measurement than any of the indicators could provide alone.

Garrett, A.

2012-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

324

Model Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this talk I begin with some general discussion of model building in particle theory, emphasizing the need for motivation and testability. Three illustrative examples are then described. The first is the Left-Right model which provides an explanation for the chirality of quarks and leptons. The second is the 331-model which offers a first step to understanding the three generations of quarks and leptons. Third and last is the SU(15) model which can accommodate the light leptoquarks possibly seen at HERA.

Paul H. Frampton

1997-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

325

Using Building Simulation and Optimization to Calculate Lookup Tables for Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building load model in Modelica, showing the two main sub-condensation. LBNL- M Wetter. Modelica-based modeling anda buildings library for Modelica (Wetter, 2009b). This US-

Coffey, Brian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Using Building Simulation and Optimization to Calculate Lookup Tables for Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building load model in Modelica, showing the two main sub-condensation. LBNL- M Wetter. Modelica-based modeling anda buildings library for Modelica (Wetter, 2009b). This US-

Coffey, Brian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Property:Buildings/ModelName | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ModelName ModelName Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Pages using the property "Buildings/ModelName" Showing 12 pages using this property. G General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load Baseline + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago High Plug Load Baseline + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load Baseline + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load Baseline + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings + General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami High Plug Load 50% Energy Savings +

328

Load sensing system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A load sensing system inexpensively monitors the weight and temperature of stored nuclear material for long periods of time in widely variable environments. The system can include an electrostatic load cell that encodes weight and temperature into a digital signal which is sent to a remote monitor via a coaxial cable. The same cable is used to supply the load cell with power. When multiple load cells are used, vast

Sohns, Carl W. (Oak Ridge, TN); Nodine, Robert N. (Knoxville, TN); Wallace, Steven Allen (Knoxville, TN)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Analysis Platform  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Analysis Platform Analysis Platform Technical and economic performance estimation for building heating, cooling, and water heating equipment, including power generating options such as photovoltaics, fuel cells, and cogeneration. Based on representative loads in residential and commercial sectors. Focus on HVAC, aggregated electric, and integrated systems. Keywords heating, cooling, and SWH equipment, commercial buildings Validation/Testing N/A Expertise Required Moderate. Users N/A Audience Building end-use analysts, engineers, policy analysts. Input Building loads (selected from library, electric and fossil fuel rates, weather parameters, type of equipment, equipment operating parameters, and operating schedules. Allows detailed specification of equipment behavior, or use of default data. Data options correspond to selectable skills

330

Electric Load vs Time: Complicated World, Complicated Model  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electric Load vs Time: Complicated World, Complicated Model Electric Load vs Time: Complicated World, Complicated Model Speaker(s): Phillip Price Date: March 7, 2013 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Phillip Price "How much energy did I save by changing the operation of my building yesterday?" That turns out to be a very hard question to answer: you need to know how much energy you would have used under normal operations (the "baseline"), a number you can predict but not measure. In this talk we focus specifically on electrical energy ("electric load") in commercial buildings. Often the load can be broken down into several components that are superimposed on each other: a recurring weekly pattern, an effect of outdoor air temperature, and so on. Some buildings have patterns that are

331

Miscellaneous and Electronic Loads Energy Efficiency Opportunities for  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Miscellaneous and Electronic Loads Energy Efficiency Opportunities for Miscellaneous and Electronic Loads Energy Efficiency Opportunities for Commercial Buildings: A Collaborative Study by the United States and India Title Miscellaneous and Electronic Loads Energy Efficiency Opportunities for Commercial Buildings: A Collaborative Study by the United States and India Publication Type Report Refereed Designation Unknown LBNL Report Number LBNL-6287E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Ghatikar, Girish, Iris H. Y. Cheung, and Steven Lanzisera Secondary Authors Wardell, Bob, Manoj Deshpande, Jayraj Ugarkar, and Infosys Technologies Limited Date Published 04/2013 Keywords Electronic loads, energy efficiency opportunities for commercial buildings Short Title MELs Refereed Designation Unknown Attachment Size PDF 1.44 MB Google Scholar BibTex

332

Optimizing Energy Savings from Direct-DC in U.S. Residential Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Optimizing Energy Savings from Direct-DC in U.S. Residential Buildings Optimizing Energy Savings from Direct-DC in U.S. Residential Buildings Title Optimizing Energy Savings from Direct-DC in U.S. Residential Buildings Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-5193E Year of Publication 2011 Authors Garbesi, Karina, Vagelis Vossos, Alan H. Sanstad, and Gabriel Burch Document Number LBNL-5193E Pagination 59 Date Published October Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Abstract An increasing number of energy efficient appliances operate on direct current (DC) internally, offering the potential to use DC from renewable energy systems directly and avoiding the losses inherent in converting power to alternating current (AC) and back. This paper investigates that potential for net-metered residences with on-site photovoltaics (PV) by modeling the net power draw of the 'direct-DC house' with respect to today's typical configuration, assuming identical DC-internal loads. Power draws were modeled for houses in 14 U.S. cities, using hourly, simulated PV-system output and residential loads. The latter were adjusted to reflect a 33% load reduction, representative of the most efficient DC-internal technology, based on an analysis of 32 electricity end-uses. The model tested the effect of climate, electric vehicle (EV) loads, electricity storage, and load shifting on electricity savings; a sensitivity analysis was conducted to determine how future changes in the efficiencies of power system components might affect savings potential. Based on this work, we estimate that net-metered PV residences could save 5% of their total electricity load for houses without storage and 14% for houses with storage. Based on residential PV penetration projections for year 2035 obtained from the National Energy Modeling System (2.7% for the reference case and 11.2% for the extended policy case), direct-DC could save the nation 10 trillion Btu (without storage) or 40 trillion Btu (with storage). Shifting the cooling load by two hours earlier in the day (pre-cooling) has negligible benefits for energy savings. Direct-DC provides no energy savings benefits for EV charging, to the extent that charging occurs at night. However, if charging occurred during the day, for example with employees charging while at work, the benefits would be large. Direct-DC energy savings are sensitive to power system and appliance conversion efficiencies but are not significantly influenced by climate. While direct-DC for residential applications will most likely arise as a spin-off of developments in the commercial sector-because of lower barriers to market entry and larger energy benefits resulting from the higher coincidence between load and insolation-this paper demonstrates that there are substantial benefits in the residential sector as well. Among residential applications, space cooling derives the largest energy savings from being delivered by a direct-DC system. It is the largest load for the average residence on a national basis and is particularly so in high-load regions. It is also the load with highest solar coincidence.

333

Impacts of the 2009 IECC for Residential Buildings at State Level - Wisconsin  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Wisconsin Wisconsin September 2009 Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Codes Program BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN WISCONSIN BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN WISCONSIN Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Wisconsin Summary The energy efficiency requirements in the Wisconsin building code are the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) with amendments that increase stringency. The 2009 IECC contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the 2006 IECC and the Wisconsin code for the total building energy

334

Loading margin Stable operating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Linear approximation at p1 Actual loading margin Loadingmargin Parameter p p1 p2 p3 IEEE Transactions collapse. Linear and quadratic estimates to the variation of the loading margin with respect to any sys power support, wheeling, load model param- eters, line susceptance, and generator dispatch. The accuracy

335

Technology Mapping of the Renewable Energy, Buildings and Transport  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technology Mapping of the Renewable Energy, Buildings and Transport Technology Mapping of the Renewable Energy, Buildings and Transport Sectors: Policy Drivers and International Trade Aspects Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Technology Mapping of the Renewable Energy, Buildings and Transport Sectors: Policy Drivers and International Trade Aspects Agency/Company /Organization: International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Buildings, Industry, Transportation Topics: Implementation, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual Website: ictsd.org/downloads/2010/06/synthesis-re-transport-buildings.pdf Technology Mapping of the Renewable Energy, Buildings and Transport Sectors: Policy Drivers and International Trade Aspects Screenshot

336

Green Building- Efficient Life Cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 Page 2 Siemens Real EstateICEBO 2008 #0;? SRE plans, builds, finances, develops and manages Siemens sites and provides advice on all... Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 Page 3 Siemens Real EstateICEBO 2008 As at: Sep. 30, 2007, all figures in accordance with US GAAP Source: SRE FC FY 2006 FY 2007 Sales ?1.71 billion ?1.69 billion Earnings ?122 million ?228 million Property...

Kohns, R.

337

Simulated Energy Savings Comparison Between Two Continuous Commissioning® Methods Applied to a Retrofitted Office Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The 8 th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations (ICEBO 2008) October 20-22, 2008, Berlin, Germany Simulated Energy Savings Comparison Between Two Continuous Commissioning ? Methods Applied to a Retrofitted Office Building... and the cold and hot 1 ESL-IC-08-10-30 Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 The 8 th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations (ICEBO 2008) October 20...

Texas A& M Campus Building CC® Team

338

Expanding Buildings-to-Grid (B2G) Objectives in India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and developing Measurement and Verification (M&V) methods. 2provide key measurement and verification of customer loadEvaluation Measurement and Verification ( M&V) Building

Ghatikar, Girish

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Data Exchange Specification...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

in Office Buildings: a London Field Experiment Thermal Cycling Combined with Dynamic Mechanical Load: Preliminary Report How to align field guides and standards to the Standard...

340

Technical and Energy Assessment of Building Integrated Photovoltaic Systems applied to the UAE Office Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-33586 Page 936. Available at: http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy03osti/35645.pdf . ESL-IC-10-10-40 Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 ... of the Tenth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Kuwait, October 26-28, 2010 References [1] Abu Dhabi Water & Electricity Company (ADWEC). 2009. See: http://www.adwec.ae/maps_graphs/ [2] Kumar K, Sharma SD, Jain L, 2007. Stand...

Radhi, H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Commercial and Residential Hourly Load Profiles for all TMY3 Locations in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Residential Hourly Load Profiles for all TMY3 Locations in and Residential Hourly Load Profiles for all TMY3 Locations in the United States Dataset Summary Description This dataset contains hourly load profile data for 16 commercial building types (based off the DOE commercial reference building models) and residential buildings (based off the Building America House Simulation Protocols). This dataset also includes the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for statistical references of building types by location. Hourly load profiles are available for over all TMY3 locations in the United States here. Browse files in this dataset, accessible as individual files and as commercial and residential downloadable ZIP files. This dataset is approximately 4.8GiB compressed or 19GiB uncompressed. July 2nd, 2013 update: Residential High and Low load files have been updated from 366 days in a year for leap years to the more general 365 days in a normal year.

342

A Fresh Look at Weather Impact on Peak Electricity Demand and Energy Use of Buildings Using 30-Year Actual Weather Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

53: Total energy use in buildings – evaluation and analysisTY. A design day for building load and energy estimation.Building and Environment, 1999; 34(4): 469-477. [5] Hong TZ,

Hong, Tianzhen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Load apparatus and method for bolt-loaded compact tension test specimen  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A bolt-loaded compact tension test specimen load apparatus includes: (a) a body having first and second opposing longitudinal ends, the first end comprising an externally threaded portion sized to be threadedly received within the test specimen threaded opening; (b) a longitudinal loading rod having first and second opposing longitudinal ends, the loading rod being slidably received in a longitudinal direction within the body internally through the externally threaded portion and slidably extending longitudinally outward of the body first longitudinal end; (c) a force sensitive transducer slidably received within the body and positioned to engage relative to the loading rod second longitudinal end; and (d) a loading bolt threadedly received relative to the body, the loading bolt having a bearing end surface and being positioned to bear against the transducer to forcibly sandwich the transducer between the loading bolt and loading rod. Also disclosed is a method of in situ determining applied force during crack propagation in a bolt-loaded compact tension test specimen. 6 figs.

Buescher, B.J. Jr.; Lloyd, W.R.; Ward, M.B.; Epstein, J.S.

1997-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

344

Load apparatus and method for bolt-loaded compact tension test specimen  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A bolt-loaded compact tension test specimen load apparatus includes: a) a body having first and second opposing longitudinal ends, the first end comprising an externally threaded portion sized to be threadedly received within the test specimen threaded opening; b) a longitudinal loading rod having first and second opposing longitudinal ends, the loading rod being slidably received in a longitudinal direction within the body internally through the externally threaded portion and slidably extending longitudinally outward of the body first longitudinal end; c) a force sensitive transducer slidably received within the body and positioned to engage relative to the loading rod second longitudinal end; and d) a loading bolt threadedly received relative to the body, the loading bolt having a bearing end surface and being positioned to bear against the transducer to forcibly sandwich the transducer between the loading bolt and loading rod. Also disclosed is a method of in situ determining applied force during crack propagation in a bolt-loaded compact tension test specimen.

Buescher, Jr., Brent J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Lloyd, W. Randolph (Idaho Falls, ID); Ward, Michael B. (Idaho Falls, ID); Epstein, Jonathan S. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

United States Agency for International Development (USAID) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USAID) USAID) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: U.S. Agency for International Development Name U.S. Agency for International Development Address Ronald Reagan Building Place Washington, DC Zip 20523-1000 Year founded 1961 Phone number 202-712-0000 Coordinates 38.8940007°, -77.0302545° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.8940007,"lon":-77.0302545,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

346

D&R International, Ltd  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

2011 Buildings Energy Data Book March 2012 Prepared for the Buildings Technologies Program Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy by D&R International, Ltd. under contract to Pacific Northwest National Laboratory This version is dated: March 2012 This document was designed for the internal use of the United States Department of Energy. This document

347

Evaluating Residential Buildings for Statewide Compliance | Building Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Residential Buildings for Statewide Compliance Residential Buildings for Statewide Compliance The materials for this course may be used for in-person training courses, and are intended to provide the tools and specific training necessary to evaluate residential compliance with the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). The course also provides useful training in general residential field inspection for energy code compliance. The recommended background for taking this course is significant experience and/or certification on the IECC in a plan review or inspection capacity. Presenters: Course materials originally published by the DOE Building Energy Codes Program, July 16, 2010. Course Type: Training Materials Video In-person Downloads: Presentation Slides Presentation Slides Presentation Slides and Windows Media Videos

348

Evaluating Commercial Buildings for Statewide Compliance | Building Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Buildings for Statewide Compliance Commercial Buildings for Statewide Compliance The materials for this course may be used for in-person training courses, and are intended to provide the tools and specific training necessary to evaluate statewide commercial compliance with ASHRAE Standard 90.1. The course also provides useful training for the commercial provisions of the International Energy Conservation Code and general commercial field inspection for energy code compliance. The recommended background for taking this class is significant experience with plan review and/or inspection of commercial energy code provisions. Presenters: Course materials originally published by the DOE Building Energy Codes Program, July 16, 2010. Course Type: Training Materials Video In-person Downloads: Presentation Slides

349

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: EE4 CBIP  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CBIP CBIP EE4 CBIP logo. Designed to demonstrate a building's compliance to the requirements of the Commercial Building Incentive Program (CBIP) performance path approach. EE4 CBIP is offered by Natural Resources Canada's Office of Energy Efficiency to building owners and developers for the design and construction of new commercial and institutional buildings that use 25% less energy than similar buildings built to the requirements of the Model National Energy Code for Buildings (MNECB). EE4 CBIP may also be used to perform non-compliance energy analyses and thus to predict a building's annual energy consumption, and to assess the impact of design changes to the building. Alternatively, EE4 CBIP can be used to determine a building's heating and cooling loads for equipment sizing. EE4 CBIP calculations are

350

Building and Buildings, Scotland: Draft Building Standards (Scotland) Regulations, 1961   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

These regulations, made under the Building (Scotland) Act, 1959, prescribe standards for buildings for the purposes of Part II of that Act. The matters in relation to which standards have been prescribed are described in ...

Her Majesty's Stationary Office

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM CODE NOTES  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Residential Fan Efficiency Residential Fan Efficiency 2012 IECC Over the past several code cycles, mechanical ventilation requirements have been added to ensure adequate outside air is provided for ventilation whenever residences are occupied. These ventilation requirements can be found in the International Residential Code for homes and the International Mechanical Code for dwelling units in multifamily buildings. As a result of the new ventilation requirements, fans designated for whole-house ventilation will have many more operating hours than bathroom or kitchen exhaust fans that are temporarily operated to remove local humidity or odors. Earlier ventilation practices relied on infiltration or operable windows as the primary source of ventilation air. Homes and

352

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Therm  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Therm Therm Therm logo. Analysis of two-dimensional heat transfer through building products. Includes a graphical user interface that allows users to draw cross sections of fenestration and other building products, which can then be analyzed by an automatic mesh generator and finite-element heat transfer algorithms. Results are displayed graphically. Screen Shots Keywords two-D heat transfer, building products, fenestration Validation/Testing N/A Expertise Required Understanding of heat flows through building products; knowledge of properties of materials useful. Users Version 5.2 in use by over 1000 users internationally. Audience Building product developers, designers, analysts determining window ratings (NFRC). Input Graphic user interface; user enters cross sections of the building

353

Applications of HVAC System Utilizing Building Thermal Mass in Japan  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Applications of HVAC System Utilizing Building Thermal Mass in Japan Applications of HVAC System Utilizing Building Thermal Mass in Japan Speaker(s): Katsuhiro Miura Date: January 27, 2012 - 10:00am Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Michael Wetter Buildings have a large thermal capacity and it affects much on building thermal load for the HVAC system. The thermal mass can be utilized also to control the thermal load by storing thermal energy before HVAC operation. There are two ways to store thermal energy. One is by operating the HVAC system and the other is by natural ventilation, mainly at night. The latter could be combined with daily HVAC operation as a hybrid ventilation. Thermal mass storage is useful to decrease the hourly peak load and the daily thermal load and can be used for both cooling and heating purpose.

354

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Air-to-Water Heat Pumps with Radiant Delivery in Low Load Homes (Fact Sheet) Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Air-to-Water Heat Pumps with Radiant...

355

Potential of Evaporative Cooling Systems for Buildings in India  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaporative cooling potential for building in various climatic zones in India is investigated. Maintainable indoor conditions are obtained from the load - capacity analysis for the prevailing ambient conditions. For the assumed activity level...

Maiya, M. P.; Vijay, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Alabama | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Adoption » Status of State Energy Code Adoption Adoption » Status of State Energy Code Adoption Site Map Printable Version Development Adoption Adoption Process State Technical Assistance Status of State Energy Code Adoption Compliance Regulations Resource Center Alabama Last updated on 2013-05-31 Current News The Alabama Energy and Residential Codes Board adopted the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) for Commercial Buildings and the 2009 International Residential Code (IRC) for Residential Construction. The new codes will become effective on October 1, 2012. Commercial Residential Code Change Current Code 2009 IECC Amendments / Additional State Code Information N/A Approved Compliance Tools State Specific Research Impacts of ASHRAE 90.1-2007 for Commercial Buildings in Alabama (BECP Report, Sept. 2009)

357

Transforming Commercial Building Operations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Ron Underhill Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ronald.underhill@pnnl.gov (509)375-9765 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Most buildings are not commissioned (Cx) before occupancy, including HVAC and lighting systems * Buildings often are poorly operated and maintained leading to significant energy waste of 5 to 20%, even when they have building automation systems (BASs)

358

Transforming Commercial Building Operations  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Ron Underhill Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ronald.underhill@pnnl.gov (509)375-9765 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Most buildings are not commissioned (Cx) before occupancy, including HVAC and lighting systems * Buildings often are poorly operated and maintained leading to significant energy waste of 5 to 20%, even when they have building automation systems (BASs)

359

Wyoming | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Wyoming Wyoming Last updated on 2013-06-03 Commercial Residential Code Change Current Code None Statewide Amendments / Additional State Code Information The International Conference of Building Officials (ICBO) Uniform Building Code, which is based on the 1989 Model Energy Code (MEC), may be adopted and enforced by local jurisdictions. Approved Compliance Tools Can use COMcheck State Specific Research Impacts of ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 for Commercial Buildings in the State of Wyoming (BECP Report, Sept. 2009) Approximate Energy Efficiency Less energy efficient than 2003 IECC Effective Date 08/13/2008 Code Enforcement Voluntary DOE Determination ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007: No ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010: No Wyoming DOE Determination Letter, May 31, 2013 Current Code None Statewide

360

High Performance Building Façade Solutions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

High Performance Building Façade Solutions High Performance Building Façade Solutions High Performance Building Façade Solutions Buildings Technology Department, Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Glazing and façade systems have very large impacts on all aspects of commercial building performance. They directly influence peak heating and cooling loads, and indirectly influence lighting loads when daylighting is considered. In addition to being a major determinant of annual energy use, they can have significant impacts on peak cooling system sizing, electric load shape, and peak electric demand. Because they are prominent architectural and design elements and because they influence occupant preference, satisfaction and comfort, the design optimization challenge is

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Commercial Building Profiles | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Building Profiles Building Profiles Dataset Summary Description This dataset includes simulation results from a national-scale study of the commercial buildings sector. Electric load profiles contain the hour-by-hour demand for electricity for each building. Summary tables describe individual buildings and their overall annual energy performance. The study developed detailed EnergyPlus models for 4,820 different samples in 2003 CBECS. Simulation output is available for all and organized by CBECS's identification number in public use datasets. Three modeling scenarios are available: existing stock (with 2003 historical weather), stock as if rebuilt new (with typical weather), and the stock if rebuilt using maximum efficiency technology (with typical weather). The following reports describe how the dataset was developed:

362

Commercial Buildings Integration Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Buildings Buildings Integration Program Arah Schuur Program Manager arah.schuur@ee.doe.gov April 2, 2013 Building Technologies Office Program Peer Review 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Vision Commercial buildings are constructed, operated, renovated and transacted with energy performance in mind and net zero ready commercial buildings are common and cost-effective. Commercial Buildings Integration Program Mission Accelerate voluntary uptake of significant energy performance improvements in existing and new commercial buildings. 3 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov BTO Goals: BTO supports the development and deployment of technologies and systems to reduce

363

Home | Better Buildings Workforce  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Better Buildings Logo Better Buildings Logo EERE Home | Programs & Offices | Consumer Information Search form Search Search Better Buildings Logo Better Buildings Workforce Home Framework Resources Projects Participate Home Framework Resources Projects Better Buildings Workforce Guidelines Buildings Re-tuning Training ANSI Energy Efficiency Standards Collaborative Energy Performance-Based Acquisition Training Participate For a detailed project overview, download the Better Buildings Workforce Guidelines Fact Sheet Home The Better Buildings Initiative is a broad, multi-strategy initiative to make commercial and industrial buildings 20% more energy efficient over the next 10 years. DOE is currently pursuing strategies across five pillars to catalyze change and accelerate private sector investment in energy

364

Commercial Reference Building: Small Hotel | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

60 60 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142278160 Varnish cache server Commercial Reference Building: Small Hotel Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Small Hotel for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for each of the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

365

Buildings without energy bills  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In European Union member states, by 31 december 2020, all new buildings shall be nearly zero-energy consumption building. For new buildings occupied and owned by public authorities this shall comply by 31 december 2018. The buildings sectors represents ... Keywords: energy efficiency, low energy buildings, passive houses design, sustainable development

Ruxandra Crutescu

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Academic Buildings Student & Admin.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Academic Buildings Student & Admin. Services Residence Public Parking Permit Parking GatheringCampusRoad Shrum Science Centre South Sciences Building Technology & Science Complex 2 Greenhouses Science Research AnnexBee Research BuildingAlcan Aquatic Research Technology & Science Complex 1 C Building B Building P

367

Load regulating expansion fixture  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A free standing self contained device for bonding ultra thin metallic films, such as 0.001 inch beryllium foils is disclosed. The device will regulate to a predetermined load for solid state bonding when heated to a bonding temperature. The device includes a load regulating feature, whereby the expansion stresses generated for bonding are regulated and self adjusting. The load regulator comprises a pair of friction isolators with a plurality of annealed copper members located therebetween. The device, with the load regulator, will adjust to and maintain a stress level needed to successfully and economically complete a leak tight bond without damaging thin foils or other delicate components. 1 fig.

Wagner, L.M.; Strum, M.J.

1998-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

368

Load regulating expansion fixture  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A free standing self contained device for bonding ultra thin metallic films, such as 0.001 inch beryllium foils. The device will regulate to a predetermined load for solid state bonding when heated to a bonding temperature. The device includes a load regulating feature, whereby the expansion stresses generated for bonding are regulated and self adjusting. The load regulator comprises a pair of friction isolators with a plurality of annealed copper members located therebetween. The device, with the load regulator, will adjust to and maintain a stress level needed to successfully and economically complete a leak tight bond without damaging thin foils or other delicate components.

Wagner, Lawrence M. (San Jose, CA); Strum, Michael J. (San Jose, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Load sensing system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A load sensing system inexpensively monitors the weight and temperature of stored nuclear material for long periods of time in widely variable environments. The system can include an electrostatic load cell that encodes weight and temperature into a digital signal which is sent to a remote monitor via a coaxial cable. The same cable is used to supply the load cell with power. When multiple load cells are used, vast inventories of stored nuclear material can be continuously monitored and inventoried of minimal cost. 4 figs.

Sohns, C.W.; Nodine, R.N.; Wallace, S.A.

1999-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

370

Commercial Building Loads Providing Ancillary Services in PJM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Council of Texas market." Energy 35 (4): 1536-1543.in US electricity markets." Energy Policy 62: 1031-1039.regulation in PJM’s markets. Energy Impacts: Frequency and

MacDonald, Jason

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Investigating the ability of various building in handling load shiftings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

minutes in winter time, even when using advanced regulation strategy of the heating system. I these peaks mostly occur during winter time, and are mainly due to heating systems. In order to guarantee equipped with electric heaters. The contribution of this article is a method for evaluating the ability

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

372

Park Load Reduction by Preconditioning of Buildings at Night  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

arounde50%. The local utility charges approximately p - 10 $/kWe per month for demand and pc - 0.05 $$?h and Pw - 0.07 $/kwh for energy, off and on $eak respectively - nihbers that are representative. If pc/Pw were greater than r), night cooling...

Rabl, A.; Norford, L. K.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Building America Case Study: Advanced Boiler Load Monitoring...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Applicable Climate Zones: Cold, Very Cold, Mixed-Humid PERFORMANCE DATA Cost of energy efficiency measure (including labor): 7,700 Projected energy savings: Up to 14%...

374

1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Building Size  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Size of Buildings Size of Buildings Size of Buildings The 1999 CBECS estimated that 2,348,000 commercial buildings, or just over half (50.4 percent) of total buildings, were found in the smallest building size category (1,001 to 5,000 square feet) (Figure 1). Only 7,000 buildings occupied the largest size category (over 500,000 square feet). Detailed tables Figure 1. Distribution of Buildings by Size of Building, 1999 Figure 1. Distribution of Buildings by Size of Building, 1999. If having trouble viewing this page, please contact the National Energy Information Center at (202) 586-8800. Energy Information Administration Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey The middle size categories (10,001 to 100,000 square feet) had relatively more floorspace per category than smaller or larger size categories (Figure 2). The greatest amount of floorspace, about 11,153,000 square feet (or 17 percent of total floorspace) was found in the 10,001 to 25,000 square feet category. Figure 2. Distribution of Floorspace by Size of Building, 1999

375

United States Agency for International Development (USAID) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United States Agency for International Development (USAID) United States Agency for International Development (USAID) (Redirected from U.S. Agency for International Development) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: U.S. Agency for International Development Name U.S. Agency for International Development Address Ronald Reagan Building Place Washington, DC Zip 20523-1000 Year founded 1961 Phone number 202-712-0000 Coordinates 38.8940007°, -77.0302545° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.8940007,"lon":-77.0302545,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

376

United States Agency for International Development (USAID) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United States Agency for International Development (USAID) United States Agency for International Development (USAID) (Redirected from United States Agency for International Development) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: U.S. Agency for International Development Name U.S. Agency for International Development Address Ronald Reagan Building Place Washington, DC Zip 20523-1000 Year founded 1961 Phone number 202-712-0000 Coordinates 38.8940007°, -77.0302545° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.8940007,"lon":-77.0302545,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

377

Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building America Updates  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Subscribe to Building Subscribe to Building America Updates to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building America Updates on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building America Updates on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building America Updates on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building America Updates on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building America Updates on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building America Updates on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education Climate-Specific Guidance

378

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Tools by Subject - Whole Building  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Renewable Energy Renewable Energy A B C D E F G H I L M N O P R S T U Z Tool Applications Free Recently Updated AEPS System Planning electrical system, renewable energy system, planning and design software, modeling, simulation, energy usage, system performance, financial analysis, solar, wind, hydro, behavior characteristics, usage profiles, generation load storage calculations, on-grid, off-grid, residential, commercial, system sizing, utility rate plans, rate comparison, utility costs, energy savings Software has been updated. Archelios PRO Photovoltaic simulation, 3D design, economics results BlueSol PV system sizing, PV system simulation, grid-connected PV systems, electrical components, shading, economic analysis. COMFIE energy performance, design, retrofit, residential buildings, commercial buildings, passive solar Software has been updated.

379

Demand Shifting With Thermal Mass in Large Commercial Buildings: Case  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Demand Shifting With Thermal Mass in Large Commercial Buildings: Case Demand Shifting With Thermal Mass in Large Commercial Buildings: Case Studies and Tools Speaker(s): Peng Xu Date: March 9, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 The idea of pre-cooling and demand limiting is to pre-cool buildings at night or in the morning during off-peak hours, storing cooling energy in the building thermal mass and thereby reducing cooling loads during the peak periods. Savings are achieved by reducing on-peak energy and demand charges. The potential for utilizing building thermal mass for load shifting and peak demand reduction has been demonstrated in a number of simulation, laboratory, and field studies. Case studies in a number of office buildings in California has found that a simple demand limiting strategy reduced the chiller power by 20-100% (0.5-2.3W/ft2) during six

380

Office Buildings - Full Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Office Buildings - Full Report Office Buildings - Full Report file:///C|/mydocs/CBECS2003/PBA%20report/office%20report/office_pdf.html[9/24/2010 3:33:25 PM] Although no one building type dominates the commercial buildings sector, office buildings are the most common and account for more than 800,000 buildings or 17 percent of total commercial buildings. Offices comprised more than 12 billion square feet of floorspace, 17 percent of total commercial floorspace, the most of any building type. Types of Office Buildings The 2003 CBECS Detailed Tables present data for office buildings along with other principal building activities (see Detailed Tables B13 and B14, for example). Since office buildings comprise a wide range of office-related activities, survey respondents were presented with a

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Building Technologies Research and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building Technologies Research and Integration Center Breaking new ground in energy efficiency #12;Building Technologies Research To enjoy a sustainable energy and environmental future, America must these enormous challenges. Today, through the Building Technologies and Research Integration Center (BTRIC

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

382

Building Performance Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

low  energy  buildings,  with  site  EUI  of  40  or  lower buildings  in  the  US  (EUI  of  90  kBtu/ft²).   This the  bubble  represents  the  EUI.   These  buildings  were 

Hong, Tianzhen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Building a Molecule Building Structures in Moe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

14 Chapter 3 Building a Molecule #12;15 Building Structures in Moe Dorzolamide Exercise 1 #12;16 Open the Molecule Builder · Open the Molecule Builder panel using MOE | Edit | Build | Molecule, the chiral center will be either R or S, and one of the two will be highlighted in green. The green

Fischer, Wolfgang

384

Predicting pipeline frost load  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study was undertaken to find a formula for predicting the additional load imposed on underground pipelines by soil freezing. The authors conclude that a modified Boussinesq equation can be used to assess this load. Results also showed that frost affects the modulus of soil reaction and therefore the induced stress in flexible pipe.

Fielding, M.B.; Cohen, A.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

International Energy-Efficiency Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 5 International Energy-Efficiency Standards Two cost-effective approaches to reducing energy use in buildings are minimum energy standards for appliances and incorporating energy-efficiency principles in building codes. More than two dozen nations already have adopted, will soon adopt, or are considering the adoption of energy-efficiency standards and codes. The Environmental Energy Technologies Division has pooled its resources in the field of energy-efficiency standards with its international activities to create the International Building and Appliance Standards team. The IBAS team convenes regularly to discuss progress in existing international standards activities as well as to identify possible new Berkeley Lab opportunities to support efficiency standards the world over.

386

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: DPClima  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DPClima DPClima DPClima logo. Helps size any system for heating and air conditioning of a building, i.e., the terminal units, the zone units and the total capacity of the cooling or heating plants. DPClima performs a 24 hour calculation of the steady state value of the cooling and heating loads of a building for a typical day of each month (either the coldest or the hottest). DPClima organizes the spaces into several zones inside the building so that the designer is able to adapt its system best to the thermal response of those zones. The calculations are done using the heat transfer functions methodology. Inside the spaces schedules are defined for; occupancy, lights and other loads. A database is distributed with information about types of walls, glasses, human activities, type of lights, etc. Screen Shots

387

BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Iowa Compliance Implementation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Iowa Iowa Compliance Implementation and Evaluation (CIE) Guide COMPLIANCE IMPLEMENTATION AND EVALUATION (CIE) GUIDE 2 This Guide is designed to assist state and local code jurisdictions in achieving statewide compliance with the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) for residential buildings and ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2007 for commercial buildings. COMPLIANCE IMPLEMENTATION AND EVALUATION (CIE) GUIDE 3 Iowa WHAT'S INSIDE CIE Guide Overview-Flow Diagram ........................................................................................................................... 5 PART 1: Guide Overview .................................................................................................................................................

388

Drivers of Commercial Building Operator Skills  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0 Drivers of Commercial Building Operator Skills C&W OVERVIEW C&W SUSTAINABILITY STRATEGIES GROUP WHAT?S DRIVING THE NEED FOR TRAINING? NECESSARY SKILLS & KNOWLEDGE C&W DEVELOPMENT & TRAINING OPPORTUNITIES International Conference... ? Managerial skills ? Market knowledge ? Building certifications ? Energy Star, LEED ? Industry resources 9 C&W TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES ? C&W Training and Support programs ? C&W Green Practice Policies ? LEED Green Associate and AP...

Domanski, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Stability-dependent Mass Isolation for Steel Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new seismic isolation system for steel building structures based on the principle of mass isolation is introduced. In this system, isolating interfaces are placed between the lateral-load-resisting sub-system and the gravity-load-resisting sub...

Peternell Altamira, Luis E 1981-

2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

390

Design and Optimization of Control Strategies and Parameters by Building and System Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

temperatures have been tested and analyzed within simulation calculations. SIMULATION MODEL Building Model The part of the building considered for this study is modeled using the TRNSYS Type 56 multi-zone building model [3]. The model consists of 13... is integrated into the TRNSYS building model [4]. System Model The detailed model of the peripheric systems, the occupancy and load schedules of the building and the control strategies is built using the appropriate types from the model library of TRNSYS...

Baumann, O.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Building Technologies Office Overview  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Roland Risser Roland Risser Director, Building Technologies Office Building Technologies Office Energy Efficiency Starts Here. 2 Building Technologies Office Integrated Approach: Improving Building Performance Research & Development Developing High Impact Technologies Standards & Codes Locking in the Savings Market Stimulation Accelerating Tech-to- Market 3 Building Technologies Office Goal: Reduce building energy use by 50% (compared to a 2010 baseline) 4 Building Technologies Office Working to Overcome Challenges Information Access * Develop building performance tools, techniques, and success stories, such as case studies * Form market partnerships and programs to share best practices * Solution Centers * Certify the workforce to ensure quality work

392

Building Technologies Office: Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resources to someone by Resources to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Resources on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Resources on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Resources on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Resources on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Resources on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Resources on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Challenge Home Partner Log In Become a Partner Criteria Partner Locator Resources Housing Innovation Awards Events Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Technology Research, Standards, & Codes

393

Building Performance Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LEED­NC Certified Buildings                                              (courtesy New Building Institute)  Figure 3 – Measured Energy Use Intensities of Big?Box Retails in US and Canada (

Hong, Tianzhen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

GSA Building Energy Strategy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Rapid Building Assessments Green Button 12 Remote Building Analytics Platform First Fuel Dashboard 13 Data Center Ronald Reagan Detail Summary First Fuel Analysis 14...

395

BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM CODE NOTES  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Duct Insulation and Duct Insulation and Sealing Requirements in Commercial Buildings 2009 and 2012 IECC; ASHRAE 90.1-2007 and 2010; 2009 and 2012 IMC Duct insulation and sealing, especially insulated supply ducts delivering conditioned air within a building, save energy. The intent of energy efficiency codes, as related to duct insulation and sealing, is to keep mechanically warmed or cooled air as close to a constant, desired temperature as possible and prevent the conditioned air from escaping the duct system while it is being moved to spaces where it is needed. If reduced heat transfer through insulated ducts is accounted for in the heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) load calculations, it may even be possible to reduce the size of HVAC equipment.

396

Solar buildings. Overview: The Solar Buildings Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Buildings account for more than one third of the energy used in the United States each year, consuming vast amounts of electricity, natural gas, and fuel oil. Given this level of consumption, the buildings sector is rife with opportunity for alternative energy technologies. The US Department of Energy`s Solar Buildings Program was established to take advantage of this opportunity. The Solar Buildings Program is engaged in research, development, and deployment on solar thermal technologies, which use solar energy to produce heat. The Program focuses on technologies that have the potential to produce economically competitive energy for the buildings sector.

Not Available

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Building Commercial Building Codes and Standards to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities Partner with DOE Commercial Buildings Resource Database Research & Development Codes & Standards Popular Commercial Links

398

Building Technologies Office: Building America 2013 Technical Update  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building America 2013 Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research

399

Simulation and Analysis of Energy Consumption of Public Building in Chongquig  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Calculation and analysis of energy consumption must be on the base of simulation of building load. DeST is adopted to calculate dynamic cooling load of the main building in Chongqing city. Then water chilling unit's plant capability is checked...

Chen, G.; Lu, J.; Chen, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Technical Assistance to ISO's and Grid Operators For Loads Providing  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Technical Assistance to ISO's and Grid Operators For Loads Technical Assistance to ISO's and Grid Operators For Loads Providing Ancillary Services To Enhance Grid Reliability Technical Assistance to ISO's and Grid Operators For Loads Providing Ancillary Services To Enhance Grid Reliability Project demonstrates and promotes the use of responsive load to provide ancillary services; helps ISOsand grid operators understand the resource and how best to apply it. Technical Assistance to ISO's and Grid Operators For Loads Providing Ancillary Services To Enhance Grid Reliability More Documents & Publications Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience 2012 Load as a Resource Program Peer Review New York Independent System Operator, Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Plug and Process Loads Capacity and Power Requirements Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report addresses gaps in actionable knowledge that would help reduce the plug load capacities designed into buildings. Prospective building occupants and real estate brokers lack accurate references for plug and process load (PPL) capacity requirements, so they often request 5-10 W/ft2 in their lease agreements. Limited initial data, however, suggest that actual PPL densities in leased buildings are substantially lower. Overestimating PPL capacity leads designers to oversize electrical infrastructure and cooling systems. Better guidance will enable improved sizing and design of these systems, decrease upfront capital costs, and allow systems to operate more energy efficiently. The main focus of this report is to provide industry with reliable, objective third-party guidance to address the information gap in typical PPL densities for commercial building tenants. This could drive changes in negotiations about PPL energy demands.

Sheppy, M.; Gentile-Polese, L.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Demand Response in Quebec's CI Buildings: Potentioal and Strategies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 October 10th 2013 ? ICEBO2013 Demand response in Quebec?s CI buildings: potential and strategies Team: Ahmed Daoud, Ph.D, project manager Marie-Andr?e Leduc, MSc., ing, task manager Jean Baribeault, ing, researcher Karine Lavigne, MSc...-10-20 Proceedings of the 13th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Montreal, Quebec, October 8-11, 2013 4 Demand response in CI buildings ESL-IC-13-10-20 Proceedings of the 13th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations...

Daoud, A.; Leduc, M. A.; Baribeault, J.; Lavigne, K.; Chenard, S.; Poulin, A.; Martel, S.; Bendaoud, A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

A building life-cycle information system for tracking building performance metrics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Buildings often do not perform as well in practice as expected during pre-design planning, nor as intended at the design stage. While this statement is generally considered to be true, it is difficult to quantify the impacts and long-term economic implications of a building in which performance does not meet expectations. This leads to a building process that is devoid of quantitative feedback that could be used to detect and correct problems both in an individual building and in the building process itself. One key element in this situation is the lack of a standardized method for documenting and communicating information about the intended performance of a building. This paper describes the Building Life-cycle Information System (BLISS); designed to manage a wide range of building related information across the life cycle of a building project. BLISS is based on the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) developed by the International Alliance for Interoperability. A BLISS extension to th e IFC that adds classes for building performance metrics is described. Metracker, a prototype tool for tracking performance metrics across the building life cycle, is presented.

Hitchcock, R.J.; Piette, M.A.; Selkowitz, S.E.

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Building Green in Greensburg: City Hall Building  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

City Hall Building City Hall Building Destroyed in the tornado, City Hall was completed in October 2009 and built to achieve the U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED ® ) Platinum designation. The 4,700-square-foot building serves as a symbol of Greensburg's vitality and leadership in becoming a sustainable community where social, environmental, and economic concerns are held in balance. It houses the City's administrative offices and council chambers, and serves as a gathering place for town meetings and municipal court sessions. According to energy analysis modeling results, the new City Hall building is 38% more energy efficient than an ASHRAE-compliant building of the same size and shape. ENERGY EFFICIENCY FEATURES * A well-insulated building envelope with an

405

Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Meetings Meetings Photo of people watching a presentation on a screen; the foreground shows a person's hands taking notes on a notepad. The Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program hosts open meetings and webinars for industry partners and stakeholders that provide a forum to exchange information about various aspects of residential building research. Upcoming Meetings Past Technical and Stakeholder Meetings Webinars Expert Meetings Upcoming Meetings There are no Building America meetings scheduled at this time. Please subscribe to Building America news and updates to receive notification of future meetings. Past Technical and Stakeholder Meetings Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting: April 2013 This meeting showcased world-class building science research for high performance homes in a dynamic new format. Researchers from Building America teams and national laboratories presented on key issues that must be resolved to deliver homes that reduce whole house energy use by 30%-50%. View the presentations.

406

Building Technologies Office: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program logo. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program logo. The Better Buildings Neighborhood Program is helping over 40 competitively selected state and local governments develop sustainable programs to upgrade the energy efficiency of more than 100,000 buildings. These leading communities are using innovation and investment in energy efficiency to expand the building improvement industry, test program delivery business models, and create jobs. New Materials and Resources January 2014 Read the January issue of the Better Buildings Network View See the new story about Austin Energy Read the new Focus Series with Chicago's EI2 See the new webcast Read the latest DOE blog posts Get Inspired! Hear why Better Buildings partners are excited to bring the benefits of energy upgrades to their neighborhoods.

407

Building Green in Greensburg: Business Incubator Building  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Business Incubator Building Business Incubator Building Completed in May 2009, the SunChips ® Business Incubator building not only achieved the U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED ® ) Platinum status with greater than 50% energy savings-it became the first LEED Platinum certified municipal building in Kansas. The 9,580-square-foot building features five street-level retail shops and nine second-level professional service offices. It provides an affordable, temporary home where businesses can grow over a period of several years before moving out on their own to make way for new start-up businesses. The building was funded by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Frito-Lay SunChips division, and actor Leonardo DiCaprio.

408

Office Buildings - Full Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

PDF PDF Office Buildings Although no one building type dominates the commercial buildings sector, office buildings are the most common and account for more than 800,000 buildings or 17 percent of total commercial buildings. Offices comprised more than 12 billion square feet of floorspace, 17 percent of total commercial floorspace, the most of any building type. Types of Office Buildings The 2003 CBECS Detailed Tables present data for office buildings along with other principal building activities (see Detailed Tables B13 and B14, for example). Since office buildings comprise a wide range of office-related activities, survey respondents were presented with a follow-up list of specific office types to choose from. Although we have not presented the office sub-category information in the detailed tables we make information

409

Office Buildings - Energy Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Consumption Energy Consumption Office buildings consumed more than 17 percent of the total energy used by the commercial buildings sector (Table 4). At least half of total energy, electricity, and natural gas consumed by office buildings was consumed by administrative or professional office buildings (Figure 2). Table 4. Energy Consumed by Office Buildings for Major Fuels, 2003 All Buildings Total Energy Consumption (trillion Btu) Number of Buildings (thousand) Total Floorspace (million sq. ft.) Sum of Major Fuels Electricity Natural Gas Fuel Oil District Heat All Buildings 4,859 71,658 6,523 3,559 2,100 228 636 All Non-Mall Buildings 4,645 64,783 5,820 3,037 1,928 222 634 All Office Buildings 824 12,208 1,134 719 269 18 128 Type of Office Building

410

Sensible and Latent Cooling Load Control Using Centrally-Ducted, Variable-Capacity Space Conditioning Systems in Low Sensible Load Environments  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation was given at the Summer 2012 DOE Building America meeting on July 26, 2012, and addressed the question What are the best HVAC solutions for low-load, high performance homes?"

411

Regulations & Rulemaking | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Determinations Federal Buildings Manufactured Housing Resource Center Regulations & Rulemaking The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is required by law to establish mandatory energy efficiency requirements for new federal commercial and residential buildings and to develop energy efficiency standards for manufactured homes. Federal law also requires that DOE publish determinations as to whether new editions of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 and the International Energy Conservation Code will improve energy efficiency. In response, DOE, through the Building Energy Codes Program (BECP) undertakes rulemaking processes to facilitate full disclosure of DOE's analyses and development methodologies, to solicit public input, and to publish final rules. DOE's rulemaking process involves

412

Scalable Load Distribution and Load Balancing for Dynamic Parallel Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

shown that the algorithm scales according to the definition of scalability given following. LoadScalable Load Distribution and Load Balancing for Dynamic Parallel Programs E. Berger and J. C of an integrated load distribution-load balancing algorithm which was targeted to be both efficient and scalable

Berger, Emery

413

Building Technologies Program: Tax Deduction Qualified Software - VisualDOE version 4.1 build 0002  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

VisualDOE version 4.1 build 0002 VisualDOE version 4.1 build 0002 On this page you'll find information about the VisualDOE version 4.1 build 0002 qualified computer software (www.buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings (www.buildings.energy.gov/commercial/). Date Documentation Received by DOE: 11 September 2006 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Architectural Energy Corporation 2540 Frontier Avenue, Suite 201 Boulder, Colorado 80301 (2) The name, email address, and telephone

414

Workshop proceeding of the industrial building energy use  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

California has a large number of small and medium sized industries which have a major impact on the demand growth of California utilities. Energy use in building services (lighting, HVAC, office equipment, computers, etc.). These industries constitute an important but largely neglected fraction of the total site energy use. The ratio of energy use in building service to the total site energy use is a function of the industrial activity, its size, and the climate at the site of the facility. Also, energy use in building services is more responsive to weather and occupant schedules than the traditional base-load'' industrial process energy. Industrial energy use is considered as a base-load'' by utility companies because it helps to increase the utilities' load factor. To increase this further, utilities often market energy at lower rates to industrial facilities. Presently, the energy use in the building services of the industrial sector is often clubbed together with industrial process load. Data on non-process industrial energy use are not readily available in the literature. In cases where the major portion of the energy is used in the building services (with daily and seasonal load profiles that in fact peak at the same time as systemwide load peaks), the utility may be selling below cost at peak power times. These cases frequently happen with electric utilities. 30 figs., 6 tabs.

Akbari, H.; Gadgil, A. (eds.)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

U.S. Department of Energy Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Business Models Guide, October 27, 2011.

416

Building Technology MSc Programme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this programme is on the design of innovative and sustainable building components and their integration

Langendoen, Koen

417

Building Technologies Office: Building America Climate-Specific Guidance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

America America Climate-Specific Guidance to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Building America Climate-Specific Guidance on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Building America Climate-Specific Guidance on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America Climate-Specific Guidance on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America Climate-Specific Guidance on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Building America Climate-Specific Guidance on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Building America Climate-Specific Guidance on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education

418

Building Technologies Office: Better Buildings Alliance Laboratory Fume  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Better Buildings Better Buildings Alliance Laboratory Fume Hood Specification to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Better Buildings Alliance Laboratory Fume Hood Specification on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Better Buildings Alliance Laboratory Fume Hood Specification on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Better Buildings Alliance Laboratory Fume Hood Specification on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Better Buildings Alliance Laboratory Fume Hood Specification on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Better Buildings Alliance Laboratory Fume Hood Specification on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Better Buildings Alliance Laboratory Fume Hood Specification on AddThis.com...

419

Building Technologies Office: Buildings Performance Database Analysis Tools  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Buildings Performance Buildings Performance Database Analysis Tools to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Buildings Performance Database Analysis Tools on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Buildings Performance Database Analysis Tools on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Buildings Performance Database Analysis Tools on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Buildings Performance Database Analysis Tools on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Buildings Performance Database Analysis Tools on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Buildings Performance Database Analysis Tools on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities 179d Tax Calculator Advanced Energy Design Guides Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides

420

Building Technologies Office: About the Commercial Buildings Integration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

About the Commercial About the Commercial Buildings Integration Program to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: About the Commercial Buildings Integration Program on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: About the Commercial Buildings Integration Program on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: About the Commercial Buildings Integration Program on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: About the Commercial Buildings Integration Program on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: About the Commercial Buildings Integration Program on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: About the Commercial Buildings Integration Program on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities Partner with DOE Commercial Buildings Resource Database

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Data Exchange Specification  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building Energy Data Building Energy Data Exchange Specification to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Data Exchange Specification on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Data Exchange Specification on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Data Exchange Specification on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Data Exchange Specification on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Data Exchange Specification on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Data Exchange Specification on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities 179d Tax Calculator Advanced Energy Design Guides Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides

422

Commercial Buildings Consortium  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commercial Buildings Consortium Commercial Buildings Consortium Sandy Fazeli National Association of State Energy Officials sfazeli@naseo.org; 703-299-8800 ext. 17 April 2, 2013 Supporting Consortium for the U.S. Department of Energy Net-Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Initiative 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: * Many energy savings opportunities in commercial buildings remain untapped, underserved by the conventional "invest-design-build- operate" approach * The commercial buildings sector is siloed, with limited coordination

423

Residential Buildings Integration Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

David Lee David Lee Program Manager David.Lee@ee.doe.gov 202-287-1785 April 2, 2013 Residential Buildings Integration Program Building Technologies Office Program Peer Review 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Sub-Programs for Review Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Building America Challenge Home Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Solar Decathlon 3 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov How Residential Buildings Fits into BTO Research & Development * Develop technology roadmaps * Prioritize opportunities * Solicit and select innovative technology solutions * Collaborate with researchers

424

Residential Buildings Integration Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

David Lee David Lee Program Manager David.Lee@ee.doe.gov 202-287-1785 April 2, 2013 Residential Buildings Integration Program Building Technologies Office Program Peer Review 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Sub-Programs for Review Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Building America Challenge Home Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Solar Decathlon 3 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov How Residential Buildings Fits into BTO Research & Development * Develop technology roadmaps * Prioritize opportunities * Solicit and select innovative technology solutions * Collaborate with researchers

425

Buildings | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Buildings Buildings Jump to: navigation, search Building Energy Technologies NREL's New Energy-Efficient "RSF" Building Buildings provide shelter for nearly everything we do-we work, live, learn, govern, heal, worship, and play in buildings-and they require enormous energy resources. According to the U.S. Energy Information Agency, homes and commercial buildings use nearly three quarters of the electricity in the United States. Opportunities abound for reducing the huge amount of energy consumed by buildings, but discovering those opportunities requires compiling substantial amounts of data and information. The Buildings Energy Technologies gateway is your single source of freely accessible information on energy usage in the building industry as well as tools to improve

426

DOE - Better Building  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

U.S. Department of Energy | Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy logo U.S. Department of Energy | Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy logo EERE Home | Programs & Offices | Consumer Information Better Buildings Logo Better Buildings Update July 2013 Inside this edition: Highlights from the 2013 Efficiency Forum Recap: Better Buildings Summit for State & Local Communities Launching the Better Buildings Webinar Series Better Buildings Challenge Implementation Models and Showcase Projects Updated Better Buildings Websites New Members Highlights from the 2013 Efficiency Forum More than 170 people attended the second annual Better Buildings Efficiency Forum for commercial and higher education Partners in May at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado-the nation's largest net-zero energy office building. DOE thanks all Better Buildings Alliance Members and Better Buildings Challenge Partners that participated in the Efficiency Forum.

427

Food Service Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Service Service Characteristics by Activity... Food Service Food service buildings are those used for preparation and sale of food and beverages for consumption. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Food Service Buildings... An overwhelming majority (72 percent) of food service buildings were small buildings (1,001 to 5,000 square feet). Tables: Buildings and Size Data by Basic Characteristics Establishment, Employment, and Age Data by Characteristics Number of Food Service Buildings by Predominant Building Size Categories Figure showing number of food service buildings by size. If you need assistance viewing this page, please contact 202-586-8800. Equipment Table: Buildings, Size, and Age Data by Equipment Types Predominant Heating Equipment Types in Food Service Buildings

428

Montana Sustainable Building Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Systems Systems Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Montana Sustainable Building Systems Name Montana Sustainable Building Systems Address 201 Second St E Place Whitefish, Montana Zip 59937 Sector Buildings Product Cross-laminated timber panel building systems Year founded 2009 Phone number 406-862-9222 Website http://www.smartwoods.com Coordinates 48.410317°, -114.340704° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.410317,"lon":-114.340704,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

429

Building Green in Greensburg: The Peoples Bank  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Peoples Bank The Peoples Bank The Peoples Bank building opened its doors to the public on December 21, 2009. With its vault and an adjoining room designed to serve as a storm shelter, the 2,100-square-foot building is about 300 square feet larger than the pre-tornado facility. Its innovative design incorporates a variety of sustainable features that will save energy and money. The building is situated on the lot to take full advantage of the sun and features large, tinted-glass doors on its south side that provide passive solar heating in winter months; south-facing overhangs reduce the need for air-conditioning when the summer sun is at its hottest. ENERGY EFFICIENCY FEATURES * Building orientation takes advantage of southern exposure to reduce heating loads,

430

Boston Green Building | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Building Building Jump to: navigation, search Name Boston Green Building Address 218 Lincoln Street Place Allston, Massachusetts Zip 02134 Sector Buildings Product Efficiency installations and design Website http://www.bostongreenbuilding Coordinates 42.357691°, -71.137034° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.357691,"lon":-71.137034,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

431

Composite Load Model Evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The WECC load modeling task force has dedicated its effort in the past few years to develop a composite load model that can represent behaviors of different end-user components. The modeling structure of the composite load model is recommended by the WECC load modeling task force. GE Energy has implemented this composite load model with a new function CMPLDW in its power system simulation software package, PSLF. For the last several years, Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) has taken the lead and collaborated with GE Energy to develop the new composite load model. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and BPA joint force and conducted the evaluation of the CMPLDW and test its parameter settings to make sure that: • the model initializes properly, • all the parameter settings are functioning, and • the simulation results are as expected. The PNNL effort focused on testing the CMPLDW in a 4-bus system. An exhaustive testing on each parameter setting has been performed to guarantee each setting works. This report is a summary of the PNNL testing results and conclusions.

Lu, Ning; Qiao, Hong (Amy)

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

432

A Retrofit Tool for Improving Energy Efficiency of Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Existing buildings will dominate energy use in commercial buildings in the United States for three decades or longer and even in China for the about two decades. Retrofitting these buildings to improve energy efficiency and reduce energy use is thus critical to achieving the target of reducing energy use in the buildings sector. However there are few evaluation tools that can quickly identify and evaluate energy savings and cost effectiveness of energy conservation measures (ECMs) for retrofits, especially for buildings in China. This paper discusses methods used to develop such a tool and demonstrates an application of the tool for a retrofit analysis. The tool builds on a building performance database with pre-calculated energy consumption of ECMs for selected commercial prototype buildings using the EnergyPlus program. The tool allows users to evaluate individual ECMs or a package of ECMs. It covers building envelope, lighting and daylighting, HVAC, plug loads, service hot water, and renewable energy. The prototype building can be customized to represent an actual building with some limitations. Energy consumption from utility bills can be entered into the tool to compare and calibrate the energy use of the prototype building. The tool currently can evaluate energy savings and payback of ECMs for shopping malls in China. We have used the tool to assess energy and cost savings for retrofit of the prototype shopping mall in Shanghai. Future work on the tool will simplify its use and expand it to cover other commercial building types and other countries.

Levine, Mark; Feng, Wei; Ke, Jing; Hong, Tianzhen; Zhou, Nan

2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

433

Fact Sheet- Better Buildings Residential  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Fact Sheet - Better Buildings Residential, from U.S. Department of Energy, Better Buildings Neighborhood Program.

434

John Anderson Campus UNIVERSITY BUILDINGS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

John Anderson Campus UNIVERSITY BUILDINGS 1 McCance Building 2 Collins Building 3 Livingstone Tower 4 Accommodation Office 5 Graham Hills Building 6 Turnbull Building 7 Royal College Building 8 Students' Union 9 Centre for Sport & Recreation 10 St Paul's Building/Chaplaincy 11 Thomas Graham Building

Mottram, Nigel

435

Building America System Research  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Building America System Building America System Research Eric Werling, DOE Ren Anderson, NREL eric.werling@ee.doe.gov, 202-586-0410 ren.anderson@nrel.gov, 303-384-7443 April 2, 2013 Building America System Innovations: Accelerating Innovation in Home Energy Savings 2 | Program Name or Ancillary Text eere.energy.gov Project Relevance 3 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Building America Fills Market Need for a High-Performance Homes HUB of Innovation

436

Building Technologies Office: Building Science Education  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Science Education Science Education Photo of students investigating building enclosure moisture problems at a field testing facility in British Columbia. Students study moisture building enclosure issues at the Coquitlam Field Test facility in Vancouver, British Columbia. Credit: John Straube The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program recognizes that the education of future design/construction industry professionals in solid building science principles is critical to widespread development of high performance homes that are energy efficient, healthy, and durable. In November 2012, DOE met with leaders in the building science community to develop a strategic Building Science Education Roadmap that will chart a path for training skilled professionals who apply proven innovations and recognize the value of high performance homes. The roadmap aims to:

437

IAEA Planning and Economic Studies Section (PESS) Capacity Building | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IAEA Planning and Economic Studies Section (PESS) Capacity Building IAEA Planning and Economic Studies Section (PESS) Capacity Building Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: IAEA Planning and Economic Studies Section (PESS) Capacity Building Agency/Company /Organization: International Atomic Energy Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Non-renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools, Training materials References: IAEA PESS capacity building[1] Logo: IAEA Planning and Economic Studies Section (PESS) Capacity Building "PESS offers assistance to Member States, particularly from developing regions, to improve their energy system analysis & planning capabilities. Assistance can include: transferring modern planning methods, tools and databanks

438

Load Monitoring CEC/LMTF Load Research Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This white paper addresses the needs, options, current practices of load monitoring. Recommendations on load monitoring applications and future directions are also presented.

Huang, Zhenyu; Lesieutre, B.; Yang, Steve; Ellis, A.; Meklin, A.; Wong, B.; Gaikwad, A.; Brooks, D.; Hammerstrom, Donald J.; Phillips, John; Kosterev, Dmitry; Hoffman, M.; Ciniglio, O.; Hartwell, R.; Pourbeik, P.; Maitra, A.; Lu, Ning

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

439

Honest Buildings | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Honest Buildings Honest Buildings Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Honest Buildings Agency/Company /Organization: Honest Buildings Sector: Energy Focus Area: Buildings Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: www.honestbuildings.com/ Web Application Link: www.honestbuildings.com/ Cost: Free Honest Buildings Screenshot References: Honest Buildings[1] Logo: Honest Buildings Honest Buildings is a software platform focused on buildings. It brings together building service providers, occupants, owners, and other stakeholders onto a single portal to exchange information, offerings, and needs. It provides a voice for everyone who occupies buildings, works with buildings, and owns buildings globally to comment, display projects, and

440

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: EnergyGauge Summit Premier  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EnergyGauge Summit Premier EnergyGauge Summit Premier EnergyGauge Summit Premier logo EnergyGauge Summit Premier offers automatic reference building generation allowing considerable time savings for analyzing buildings for code compliance and green building certification. After entering a building, the software can automatically compare the building to ASHRAE Standard 90.1 2001, 2004 or 2007 reference building models, and for the appropriate building types, the ASHRAE Advanced design guidelines. Additional capabilities include the ability to run a whole building simulation as per ASHRAE Standard 90.1 Appendix G guidelines for LEED New Construction 2.2, and for computing Federal Tax Deductions as per EPACT 2005 guidelines from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and DOE. The software also offers the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

A framework for simulation-based real-time whole building performance assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent developments of the Modelica buildings library forsystem dynamics, such as Modelica [20], should be used tothe 8th International Modelica Conference. Dresden, Germany,

Pang, Xiufeng

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Modeling of Heat Transfer in Rooms in the Modelica Buildings Library  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multizone Air- flow Model in Modelica. ” Edited by ChristianRecent developments of the Modelica buildings library forof the 8-th International Modelica Conference. Modelica

Wetter, Michael

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Intelligent Building Energy Information and Control Systems for Low-Energy Operations and Optimal Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulation,  Wetter, Michael.  Modelica?based Modeling and Hilding  Elmqvist.   Modelica  –  An  International  Effort 5).   Through  the  Modelica  “Buildings”  library  (

Piette, Mary Ann

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Building Green in Greensburg: City Hall Building  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

This poster highlights energy efficiency, renewable energy, and sustainable features of the high-performing City Hall building in Greensburg, Kansas.

445

Building America Webinar: High Performance Building Enclosures...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

used to improve energy performance of building envelopes while dealing with issues like ice damming during exterior "overcoat" insulation retrofits? How can deep energy retrofits...

446

High Performance Building Facade Solutions: PIER Final Project Report  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

High Performance Building Facade Solutions: PIER Final Project Report High Performance Building Facade Solutions: PIER Final Project Report Title High Performance Building Facade Solutions: PIER Final Project Report Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-4583E Year of Publication 2009 Authors Lee, Eleanor S., Stephen E. Selkowitz, Dennis L. DiBartolomeo, Joseph H. Klems, Robert D. Clear, Kyle Konis, Robert J. Hitchcock, Mehry Yazdanian, Robin Mitchell, and Maria Konstantoglou Date Published 12/2009 Abstract Building façades directly influence heating and cooling loads and indirectly influence lighting loads when daylighting is considered, and are therefore a major determinant of annual energy use and peak electric demand. façades also significantly influence occupant comfort and satisfaction, making the design optimization challenge more complex than many other building systems.

447

Hybrid Model for Building Performance Diagnosis and Optimal Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and two capacitances, is used to simulate building envelope whose parameters are determined in frequency domain using the theoretical frequency characteristics of the envelope. Internal mass is represented by a 2R2C thermal network model, which consists...

Wang, S.; Xu, X.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Building Technologies Office: Partner With DOE and Residential Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Partner With DOE and Partner With DOE and Residential Buildings to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Partner With DOE and Residential Buildings on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Partner With DOE and Residential Buildings on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Partner With DOE and Residential Buildings on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Partner With DOE and Residential Buildings on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Partner With DOE and Residential Buildings on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Partner With DOE and Residential Buildings on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Technology Research, Standards, & Codes Popular Residential Links

449

Building Technologies Office: Integrated Whole-Building Energy Diagnostics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Integrated Integrated Whole-Building Energy Diagnostics Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Integrated Whole-Building Energy Diagnostics Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Integrated Whole-Building Energy Diagnostics Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Integrated Whole-Building Energy Diagnostics Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Integrated Whole-Building Energy Diagnostics Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Integrated Whole-Building Energy Diagnostics Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Integrated Whole-Building Energy Diagnostics Research Project on AddThis.com...

450

Impacts of the 2009 IECC for Residential Buildings at State Level - Michigan  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Michigan Michigan September 2009 Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Codes Program BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN MICHIGAN BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN MICHIGAN Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Michigan Summary The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the current state code, the 2003 IRC with considerable amendments. The most notable changes are improved duct sealing and efficient lighting requirements. A limited analysis of these changes resulted in

451

Impacts of the 2009 IECC for Residential Buildings at State Level - Missouri  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Missouri Missouri September 2009 Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Codes Program BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN MISSOURI BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN MISSOURI Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Missouri Summary Missouri currently does not have a mandatory energy efficiency code. The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) would substantially improve energy efficiency in Missouri homes. A limited analysis of the impact of the 2009 IECC resulted in estimated savings of $353 to $565 a year for an average

452

Impacts of the 2009 IECC for Residential Buildings at State Level - Texas  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Texas Texas September 2009 Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Codes Program BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN TEXAS BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN TEXAS Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Texas Summary The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the current state code, the 2001 IECC Supplement. The most notable changes are improved duct sealing and efficient lighting requirements. An energy analysis comparing the 2009 IECC to the state code

453

Impacts of the 2009 IECC for Residential Buildings at State Level - Nebraska  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nebraska Nebraska September 2009 Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Codes Program BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN NEBRASKA BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN NEBRASKA Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Nebraska Summary The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the current state code, the 2003 IECC. The most notable changes are improved duct sealing and efficient lighting requirements. A limited analysis of these changes resulted in estimated savings of $236 a year

454

Impacts of the 2009 IECC for Residential Buildings at State Level - Utah  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Utah Utah September 2009 Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Codes Program BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN UTAH BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN UTAH Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Utah Summary The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the current state code, the 2006 IECC. The most notable changes are improved duct sealing and efficient lighting requirements. A limited analysis of these changes resulted in estimated savings of $219 to

455

Impacts of the 2009 IECC for Residential Buildings at State Level - Oklahoma  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Oklahoma Oklahoma September 2009 Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Codes Program BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN OKLAHOMA BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN OKLAHOMA Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Oklahoma Summary The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the current state code, the 2003 IECC. The most notable changes are improved duct sealing and efficient lighting requirements. A limited analysis of these changes resulted in estimated savings of $266 to

456

Impacts of the 2009 IECC for Residential Buildings at State Level - Tennessee  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tennessee Tennessee September 2009 Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Codes Program BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN TENNESSEE BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN TENNESSEE Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Tennessee Summary The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the current state code, the 2003 IECC. The most notable changes are improved duct sealing and efficient lighting requirements. A limited analysis of these changes resulted in estimated savings of $231 to

457

Impacts of the 2009 IECC for Residential Buildings at State Level - Delaware  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Delaware Delaware September 2009 Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Codes Program BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN DELAWARE BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN DELAWARE Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Delaware Summary Delaware recently adopted the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). The code becomes effective July 1, 2010. Overview of the 2009 IECC The IECC scope includes residential single-family housing and multifamily housing three stories or less above-

458

Impacts of the 2009 IECC for Residential Buildings at State Level - New Hampshire  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hampshire Hampshire September 2009 Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Codes Program BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN NEW HAMPSHIRE BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN NEW HAMPSHIRE Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in New Hampshire Summary New Hampshire has adopted the 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC). The code becomes effective October 1, 2009. Overview of the 2009 IECC The IECC scope includes residential single-family housing and multifamily housing three stories or less above-

459

Impacts of the 2009 IECC for Residential Buildings at State Level - Mississippi  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mississippi Mississippi September 2009 Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Codes Program BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN MISSISSIPPI BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN MISSISSIPPI Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Mississippi Summary Mississippi currently does not have a mandatory energy efficiency code. The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) would substantially improve energy efficiency in Mississippi homes. A limited analysis of the impact of the 2009 IECC resulted in estimated savings of $173 to $250 a year for an average

460

Impacts of the 2009 IECC for Residential Buildings at State Level - Nevada  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nevada Nevada September 2009 Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Codes Program BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN NEVADA BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN NEVADA Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Nevada Summary The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the current state code, the 2006 IECC. The most notable changes are improved duct sealing and efficient lighting requirements. A limited analysis of these changes resulted in estimated savings of $205 to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Impacts of the 2009 IECC for Residential Buildings at State Level - Virginia  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Virginia Virginia September 2009 Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Codes Program BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN VIRGINIA BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN VIRGINIA Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Virginia Summary The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the current state code, the 2006 IRC and IECC. The most notable changes are improved duct sealing and efficient lighting requirements. A limited analysis of these changes resulted in estimated savings of

462

Impacts of the 2009 IECC for Residential Buildings at State Level - New York  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

York York September 2009 Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Codes Program BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN NEW YORK BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN NEW YORK Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in New York Summary The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the current state code, the 2004 IECC Supplement with amendments. The most notable changes are improved duct sealing and efficient lighting requirements. A limited analysis of these changes resulted in

463

Impacts of the 2009 IECC for Residential Buildings at State Level - New Jersey  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Jersey Jersey September 2009 Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Codes Program BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN NEW JERSEY BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN NEW JERSEY Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in New Jersey Summary The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the current state code, the 2006 IECC with extensive amendments. The most notable changes are improved duct sealing and efficient lighting requirements. A limited analysis of these changes resulted in

464

Impacts of the 2009 IECC for Residential Buildings at State Level - Alaska  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Alaska Alaska September 2009 Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Codes Program BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN ALASKA BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN ALASKA Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Alaska Summary The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several improvements in energy efficiency over the current state code, the 2006 IECC with amendments. The most notable changes are improved duct sealing and efficient lighting requirements. A comparison of the overall impacts on energy use for these two

465

Impacts of the 2009 IECC for Residential Buildings at State Level - Iowa  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Iowa Iowa September 2009 Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Codes Program BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN IOWA BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF THE 2009 IECC FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN IOWA Analysis of 2009 International Energy Conservation Code Requirements for Residential Buildings in Iowa Summary The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) contains several major improvements in energy efficiency over the current state code, the 2006 IECC. The most notable changes are improved duct sealing and efficient lighting requirements. A limited analysis of these changes resulted in estimated savings of $245 to

466

Religious Worship Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Religious Worship Religious Worship Characteristics by Activity... Religious Worship Religious worship buildings are those in which people gather for religious activities. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Religious Worship Buildings... 93 percent of religious worship buildings were less than 25,000 square feet. The oldest religious worship buildings were found in the Northeast, where the median age was over two and half times older than those in South, where religious worship buildings were the newest. Tables: Buildings and Size Data by Basic Characteristics Establishment, Employment, and Age Data by Characteristics Top Number of Religious Worship Buildings by Predominant Building Size Categories Figure showing number of worship buildings by size. If you need assistance viewing this page, please call 202-586-8800.

467

Buildings Energy Data Book  

Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

4.1 Federal Buildings Energy Consumption 4.1 Federal Buildings Energy Consumption 4.2 Federal Buildings and Facilities Characteristics 4.3 Federal Buildings and Facilities Expenditures 4.4 Legislation Affecting Energy Consumption of Federal Buildings and Facilities 5Envelope and Equipment 6Energy Supply 7Laws, Energy Codes, and Standards 8Water 9Market Transformation Glossary Acronyms and Initialisms Technology Descriptions Building Descriptions Other Data Books Biomass Energy Transportation Energy Power Technologies Hydrogen Download the Entire Book Skip down to the tables This chapter provides information on Federal building energy consumption, characteristics, and expenditures, as well as information on legislation affecting said consumption. The main points from this chapter are summarized below: In FY 2007, Federal buildings accounted for 2.2% of all building energy consumption and 0.9% of total U.S. energy consumption.

468

Building Energy Code Resource Guide: Air Leakage Guide | Building Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Air Leakage Guide Air Leakage Guide The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) recognizes the enormous potential that exists for improving the energy efficiency, safety and comfort of homes. The 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) sets the bar for energy efficiency, and air sealing requirements are one of the key provisions. This guide is a resource for understanding the air leakage requirements in the 2012 IECC and suggestions on how these measures can be met. It also provides information from Building America's Air Sealing Guide, best Practices and case studies on homes that are currently meeting the provisions. The 2012 IECC and a few International Residential Code requirements are referenced throughout the guide. Publication Date: Friday, September 30, 2011 BECP_Buidling Energy Code Resource Guide Air Leakage

469

Building Energy Certification System: Application to a Building in Lisbon and Paths to a Future Enhanced Scheme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy efficiency in buildings is of particular importance in the pursuit of international objectives in the area of climate and energy, as it is a sector that represents approximately 40% of the total primary energy demand [1], with strong...

Nunes, P.; Carrilho da Graca, G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Methodology to Achieve Safety and Energy Savings in Laboratory Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESL-IC-08-10-53 Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 PROPOSED SYSTEM TO REDUCE ENERGY CONSUMPTION Recently, it is strongly...-10-53 Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 Figure7 is the graph of ?probabilty of simultaneous use? (i.e. demand factor) of fume hoods in laboratory...

Odajima, T.; Numanaka, S.

471

Sustainability in Real Estate- "Do Green Buildings make Investors Happy?"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 __ Volksban n Raiffe'senbamken RB / IPM 20.08.20082 Content Union Investment Real Estate AG, an investor in sustainability #0... _ _ Volksbanl:.en Raiffeisenbanken fI1il Union ~Investment ESL-IC-08-10-24a Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 __ Volksban n Raiffe'senbamken RB / IPM 20...

Bode, R.

472

Building America Update - January 4, 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

January 4, 2013 January 4, 2013 This announcement brings you the latest information about news, activities, and publications from the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America program. Building America Sessions at International Builders Show If you are planning to attend the International Builders' Show on January 22-24, 2013, don't miss these dynamic Building America presentations taking place there: Date/Time/Location Title/Speaker Summary Jan. 22-24; 3:15-4:00 PM each day DuPont Booth Home of the Future Sam Rashkin, U.S. Department of Energy The DOE Challenge Home-an ambitious successor to the Builders Challenge program-represents a whole new level of home performance, with rigorous requirements that ensure outstanding levels of energy savings, comfort, health, and durability

473

DSM Electricity Savings Potential in the Buildings Sector in APP Countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

owned integrated hydro electricity utilities prevail,s Loading Order for Electricity Resources”, Staff Report,International Developments in Electricity Demand Management

McNeil, MIchael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Energy Efficient Buildings Hub  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Henry C. Foley Henry C. Foley April 3, 2013 Presentation at the U.S. DOE Building Technologies Office Peer Review Meeting Purpose and Objectives * Problem Statement - Building energy efficiency has not increased in recent decades compared to other sectors especially transportation - Building component technologies have become more energy efficient but buildings as a whole have not * Impact of Project - A 20% reduction in commercial building energy use could save the nation four quads of energy annually * Project Focus - This is more than a technological challenge; the technology needed to achieve a 10% reduction in building energy use exists - The Hub approach is to comprehensively and systematically address

475

Public Assembly Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Assembly Assembly Characteristics by Activity... Public Assembly Public assembly buildings are those in which people gather for social or recreational activities, whether in private or non-private meeting halls. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Public Assembly Buildings... Most public assembly buildings were not large convention centers or entertainment arenas; about two-fifths fell into the smallest size category. About one-fifth of public assembly buildings were government-owned, mostly by local governments; examples of these types of public assembly buildings are libraries and community recreational facilities. Tables: Buildings and Size Data by Basic Characteristics Establishment, Employment, and Age Data by Characteristics

476

DOE Building Technologies Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Overview Overview September 2013 Buildings.energy.gov/BPD BuildingsPerformanceDatabase@ee.doe.gov 2 * The BPD statistically analyzes trends in the energy performance and physical & operational characteristics of real commercial and residential buildings. The Buildings Performance Database 3 Design Principles * The BPD contains actual data on existing buildings - not modeled data or anecdotal evidence. * The BPD enables statistical analysis without revealing information about individual buildings. * The BPD cleanses and validates data from many sources and translates it into a standard format. * In addition to the BPD's analysis tools, third parties will be able to create applications using the

477

FOREST CENTRE STORAGE BUILDING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOREST CENTRE STORAGE BUILDING 3 4 5 6 7 8 UniversityDr. 2 1 G r e n f e l l D r i v e MULTI BUILDING STORAGE BUILDING LIBRARY & COMPUTING FINE ARTS FOREST CENTRE ARTS &SCIENCE BUILDING ARTS &SCIENCE BUILDING A&S BUILDING EXTENSIO N P7 P5.1 P5 P2 P3.1 P3.2 P6 P8 P4 P2 P2 P4 P8 P2.4 PARKING MAP GRENFELL

deYoung, Brad

478

General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings Jump to: navigation, search Model Name General Merchandise 2009 TSD Miami Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings Building Type Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) Model Type 50% Energy Savings Model Target Type ASHRAE 90.1 2004 Model Year 2009 IDF file http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/models/Miami/2009_TSD_GeneralMerch_LPL_50percent.idf XML file http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/models/Miami/2009_TSD_GeneralMerch_LPL_50percent.xml City, State Miami, FL Climate Zone Climate Zone 1A Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=General_Merchandise_2009_TSD_Miami_Low_Plug_Load_50%25_Energy_Savings&oldid=270185" Category: Building Models

479

General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load Baseline | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load Baseline General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load Baseline Jump to: navigation, search Model Name General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load Baseline Building Type Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) Model Type Baseline Model Target Type ASHRAE 90.1 2004 Model Year 2009 IDF file http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/models/Miami/2009_TSD_GeneralMerch_LPL_Baseline.idf XML file http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/models/Miami/2009_TSD_GeneralMerch_LPL_Baseline.xml City, State Chicago, IL Climate Zone Climate Zone 5A Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=General_Merchandise_2009_TSD_Chicago_Low_Plug_Load_Baseline&oldid=270182" Category: Building Models What links here Related changes Special pages

480

General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings Jump to: navigation, search Model Name General Merchandise 2009 TSD Chicago Low Plug Load 50% Energy Savings Building Type Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) Model Type 50% Energy Savings Model Target Type ASHRAE 90.1 2004 Model Year 2009 IDF file http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/models/Miami/2009_TSD_GeneralMerch_LPL_50percent.idf XML file http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/buildings/energyplus/models/Miami/2009_TSD_GeneralMerch_LPL_50percent.xml City, State Chicago, IL Climate Zone Climate Zone 5A Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=General_Merchandise_2009_TSD_Chicago_Low_Plug_Load_50%25_Energy_Savings&oldid=270181" Category: Building Models What links here Related changes

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "internal building loads" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

What are the Best HVAC Solutions for Low-Load, High Performance Homes?"  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation was given at the Summer 2012 DOE Building America meeting on July 26, 2012, and addressed the question What are the best HVAC solutions for low-load, high performance homes?"

482

Truck loading rack blending  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Blending, the combining of two or more components to make a single product, has become widely used in most loading rack applications. Blending should not be confused with additive injection, which is the injection of very small doses of enhancers, detergents and dyes into a product stream. Changes in the environmental protection laws in the early 90`s have put increasing demands on marketing terminals with regards to reformulated fuels and environmental protection concerns. As a result of these new mandates, terminals have turned to blending at the loading rack as an economical and convenient means in meeting these new requirements. This paper will discuss some of these mandates and how loading rack blending is used for different applications. Various types of blending will also be discussed along with considerations for each method.

Boubenider, E. [Daniel Flow Products, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Electron-Cloud Build-up: Summary M. A. Furman,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-62849 Electron-Cloud Build-up: Summary M. A. Furman, Center for Beam Physics, LBNL, Berkeley, CA 94720-8211, USA Abstract I present a summary of topics relevant to the electron- cloud build-up and dissipation that were presented at the International Workshop on Electron-Cloud Effects "ECLOUD'07" (Daegu, S

Furman, Miguel

484

NREL: Buildings Research - Residential Buildings Research Staff  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Residential Buildings Research Staff Residential Buildings Research Staff Members of the Residential Buildings research staff have backgrounds in architectural, civil, electrical, environmental, and mechanical engineering, as well as environmental design and physics. Ren Anderson Dennis Barley Chuck Booten Jay Burch Sean Casey Craig Christensen Dane Christensen Lieko Earle Cheryn Engebrecht Mike Gestwick Mike Heaney Scott Horowitz Kate Hudon Xin Jin Noel Merket Tim Merrigan David Roberts Joseph Robertson Stacey Rothgeb Bethany Sparn Paulo Cesar Tabares-Velasco Jeff Tomerlin Jon Winkler Jason Woods Support Staff Marcia Fratello Kristy Usnick Photo of Ren Anderson Ren Anderson, Ph.D., Manager, Residential Research Group ren.anderson@nrel.gov Research Focus: Evaluating the whole building benefits of emerging building energy

485

Building Technologies Office: Building America Research Teams  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Teams Teams Building America research projects are completed by industry consortia (teams) comprised of leading experts from across the country. The research teams design, test, upgrade and build high performance homes using strategies that significantly cut energy use. Building America research teams are selected through a competitive process initiated by a request for proposals. Team members are experts in the field of residential building science, and have access to world-class research facilities, partners, and key personnel, ensuring successful progress toward U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) goals. This page provides a brief description of the teams, areas of focus, and key team members. Advanced Residential Integrated Energy Solutions Alliance for Residential Building Innovation

486

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy Working with industry representatives and partners is critical to achieving significant improvements in the energy efficiency of new and existing commercial buildings. Here you will learn more about the government-industry partnerships that move us toward that goal. Key alliances and partnerships include: Photo of downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, a municipal Better Buildings Challenge partner, at dusk. Credit: iStockphoto Better Buildings Challenge This national leadership initiative calls on corporate officers, university presidents, and local leaders to progess towards the goal of making American buildings 20 percent more energy-efficient by 2020. Photo of Jim McClendon of Walmart speaking during the CBEA Executive Exchange with Commercial Building Stakeholders forum at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado, on May 24, 2012.

487

Building Technologies Office: Residential Building Activities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building Activities Building Activities The Department of Energy (DOE) is leading several different activities to develop, demonstrate, and deploy cost-effective solutions to reduce energy consumption across the residential building sector by at least 50%. The U.S. DOE Solar Decathlon is a biennial contest which challenges college teams to design and build energy efficient houses powered by the sun. Each team competes in 10 contests designed to gauge the performance, livability and affordability of their house. The Building America program develops market-ready energy solutions that improve the efficiency of new and existing homes while increasing comfort, safety, and durability. Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals foster the growth of a high quality residential energy upgrade industry and a skilled and credentialed workforce.

488

Intelligent Train Scheduling on a High-Loaded Railway Network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intelligent Train Scheduling on a High-Loaded Railway Network A. Lova1 , P. Tormos1 , F. Barber2 application to assist planners in adding new trains on a complex railway network. It includes many trains. The application builds the timeta- ble for new trains linking the available time slots to trains to be schedu- led

Salido, Miguel Angel

489

Communication accepte: Healthy Buildings/IAQ'97 Washington DC, septembre 1997Communication accepte: Healthy Buildings/IAQ'97 Washington DC, septembre 1997 DISCRIMINATION OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Communication acceptée: Healthy Buildings/IAQ'97 Washington DC, septembre 1997Communication acceptée: Healthy Buildings/IAQ'97 Washington DC, septembre 1997 DISCRIMINATION OF VOLATILE ORGANIC manuscript, published in "4th International Conference on Healthy Buildings'97, Washington : United States

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

490

Building Technologies Office: Building America's Top Innovations Advance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

America's Top America's Top Innovations Advance High Performance Homes to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Building America's Top Innovations Advance High Performance Homes on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Building America's Top Innovations Advance High Performance Homes on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America's Top Innovations Advance High Performance Homes on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America's Top Innovations Advance High Performance Homes on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Building America's Top Innovations Advance High Performance Homes on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Building America's Top Innovations Advance High Performance Homes on AddThis.com...

491

Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building Technologies Office  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Webinars Webinars Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building Technologies Office Events and Webinars Updates to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building Technologies Office Events and Webinars Updates on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building Technologies Office Events and Webinars Updates on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building Technologies Office Events and Webinars Updates on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building Technologies Office Events and Webinars Updates on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building Technologies Office Events and Webinars Updates on Digg

492

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Strip mall | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Strip mall Reference Buildings by Building Type: Strip mall In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes...

493

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large Hotel | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hotel Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large Hotel In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the...