National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for interior western interior

  1. Regional paleotopographic trends and production, Chesterian and Morrowan strata, Western Interior

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dolson, J.; Adams, C.; Van Zant, K. )

    1991-06-01

    Late Chesterian (Mississippian) and Morrowan (Pennsylvanian) unconformity-bounded packages in the Western Interior have traditionally been viewed as sequences separated by a regional basal Pennsylvanian unconformity. Analysis of alluvial valley trends and paleontological data suggests that these sequences are related and formed in response to multiple relative sea level fluctuations initiated in the Chesterian which continued throughout the Pennsylvanian. The Darwin, Tyler, Morrowan, and Humbug formations of the Western Interior appear to have formed in retrogradational parasequence sets of alluvial valley fills and marine transgressive systems tracts repeatedly developed around the flanks of the transcontinental arch. Relative sea level rises following each major incisement created a complex intertonguing of marine strata responsible for fluvial aggradation of each valley system. These sequences progressively backstep and grow younger toward the transcontinental arch, where Atokan and Desmoinesan strata cap the oldest preserved surfaces. At least four major paleodrainage basins have been identified, and valley-fill production has been established in three of these. The previously unrecognized age equivalency of these formations provides a new regional sequence stratigraphic interpretation which has hydrocarbon exploration implications in frontier areas of Utah and Colorado. Seismic resolution and an understanding of hydrocarbon migration paths hold the key to developing new exploration trends.

  2. Design of intelligent interiors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonanni, Leonardo Amerigo, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Ubiquitous computing is transforming interior design by allowing utilities, goods and information to be delivered where and when we need them. How will new information technologies impact the design of interior spaces? ...

  3. 1 Interior Architecture and Design INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    1 Interior Architecture and Design INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGN GW's interior architecture. UNDERGRADUATE Bachelor's program · Bachelor of Fine Arts with a major in interior architecture and design (http://bulletin.gwu.edu/arts-sciences/interior- architecture-design/bfa) GRADUATE Master's program · Master of Fine Arts in the field of interior architecture

  4. Rhythmic bedding patterns for locating structural features, Niobrara Formation, United States western interior

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laferriere, A.P.; Hattin, D.E.

    1989-05-01

    Milankovitch-type bedding cycles are well developed in the Upper Cretaceous Fort Hays Limestone Member, Niobrara Formation. These time-equivalent cycles can be correlated across much of Colorado, Kansas, and northeastern New Mexico by combining subsurface and outcrop data. Documentation of thickness variations within the regionally persistent Fort Hays bedding sequences furnishes a basis for fine-scale analysis of Late Cretaceous crustal movements within the eastern ramp region of the Western Interior foreland basin. Regional thickness changes in groups of shale-limestone couplets were correlated and mapped in outcrop and in the subsurface to locate structural elements that influenced Fort Hays deposition. In the Denver-Julesburg basin of Colorado and western Kansas, up to 6.1 m (20 ft) of thinning of the section occurs dominantly along northeastwardly trending belts formed during Late Cretaceous reactivation of the Transcontinental arch. Mapping of these small-scale thickness changes in the Fort Hays demonstrates that Cretaceous reactivation of the Transcontinental arch was not restricted to the northern part of the Denver-Julesburg basin. Additional structures may occur as far south as the Colorado-New Mexico border. A northwestwardly thinning trend is also apparent and may have resulted from increased compaction and diagenesis, reduction of sediment input during transgression, or from uplift in the vicinity of the Colorado Front Range. 8 figures.

  5. Interior intrusion detection systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez, J.R.; Matter, J.C. ); Dry, B. )

    1991-10-01

    The purpose of this NUREG is to present technical information that should be useful to NRC licensees in designing interior intrusion detection systems. Interior intrusion sensors are discussed according to their primary application: boundary-penetration detection, volumetric detection, and point protection. Information necessary for implementation of an effective interior intrusion detection system is presented, including principles of operation, performance characteristics and guidelines for design, procurement, installation, testing, and maintenance. A glossary of sensor data terms is included. 36 figs., 6 tabs.

  6. Cyclostratigraphy of the Upper Cretaceous Niobrara Formation, Western Interior, U.S.A.: A ConiacianSantonian orbital timescale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sageman, Brad

    Cyclostratigraphy of the Upper Cretaceous Niobrara Formation, Western Interior, U.S.A.: A Coniacian, Northwestern University, 1850 Campus Drive, Evanston, Illinois, 60208, United States A B S T R A C TA R T I C L Niobrara formation spectral analysis orbital timescale The Turonian­Campanian Niobrara Formation

  7. INTERIOR WETLANDS PROGRAM STRATEGIC PLAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;INTERIOR WETLANDS PROGRAM STRATEGIC PLAN 1993 -1997 July 1993 FRASER RIVER ACTION PLAN CANADA'S GREEN PLAN ENVIRONMENT CANADA DUCKS UNLIMITED CANADA GOVERNMENT OF BRITISH COLUMBIA #12;Table

  8. Interior Light Level Measurements Appendix F -Interior Light Level Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appendix F ­ Interior Light Level Measurements #12;F.1 Appendix F - Interior Light Level. A potential concern is that a lower VT glazing may increase electric lighting use to compensate for lost qualify and quantify a representative loss of daylighting, and therefore electric lighting use

  9. Regional analysis of rhythmic bedding in the Fort Hays limestone member, Niobrara Formation (Upper Cretaceous), US western interior

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laferriere, A.P.

    1987-01-01

    Results of a regional stratigraphic investigation of the rhythmically bedded Fort Hays limestone member of Kansas, Colorado, and New Mexico indicate at least two levels of cyclicity. Regional development of these cycles strongly supports the hypothesis that they are climatic in origin. Departures from simple cyclical patterns resulted from sedimentary effects of Late Cretaceous orogenic activity, erosional events associated with eustatic sea level changes, diagenetic modification, and possibly from interference between orbital parameters having different periodicities. The vulnerability of Milankovitch-type cyclicity to overprinting by tectono-sedimentologic effects makes units such as the Fort Hays useful as indicators of subtle tectonic activity. Regional thickness changes in groups of shale-limestone couplets were identified, correlated, and mapped in the subsurface using geophysical well log information in order to locate subtle structural elements that influenced Fort Hays sedimentation. In the Denver-Julesburg Basin of Colorado and western Kansas, thinning of the section between Fort Hays marker horizons occurs dominantly along northeastwardly trending belts that resulted apparently from Late Cretaceous reactivation of the Transcontinental Arch. Isotopic and petrographic analyses were conducted on pelagic (carbonate matrix) and benthic (inoceramid bivalve) constituents of selected shale/limestone couplets. These data suggest that there was little difference in temperature or salinity between times of terrigenous detrital input and times of nearly pure carbonate deposition. Isotopic information from matrix samples suggests a westward decrease in salinity of surface water in the Western Interior Sea. Isotopic data from largely unaltered inoceramid bivalves indicate bottom-water conditions of near-normal marine salinity.

  10. Ultrasonic cleaning of interior surfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    MacKenzie, D.; Odell, C.

    1994-03-01

    An ultrasonic cleaning apparatus is described for cleaning the interior surfaces of tubes. The apparatus includes an ultrasonic generator and reflector each coupled to opposing ends of the open-ended, fluid-filled tube. Fluid-tight couplings seal the reflector and generator to the tube, preventing leakage of fluid from the interior of the tube. The reflector and generator are operatively connected to actuators, whereby the distance between them can be varied. When the distance is changed, the frequency of the sound waves is simultaneously adjusted to maintain the resonant frequency of the tube so that a standing wave is formed in the tube, the nodes of which are moved axially to cause cavitation along the length of the tube. Cavitation maximizes mechanical disruption and agitation of the fluid, dislodging foreign material from the interior surface. 3 figures.

  11. Ultrasonic cleaning of interior surfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Odell, D. MacKenzie C. (Aiken, SC)

    1994-01-01

    An ultrasonic cleaning apparatus for cleaning the interior surfaces of tubes. The apparatus includes an ultrasonic generator and reflector each coupled to opposing ends of the open-ended, fluid-filled tube. Fluid-tight couplings seal the reflector and generator to the tube, preventing leakage of fluid from the interior of the tube. The reflector and generator are operatively connected to actuators, whereby the distance between them can be varied. When the distance is changed, the frequency of the sound waves is simultaneously adjusted to maintain the resonant frequency of the tube so that a standing wave is formed in the tube, the nodes of which are moved axially to cause cavitation along the length of the tube. Cavitation maximizes mechanical disruption and agitation of the fluid, dislodging foreign material from the interior surface.

  12. Ultrasonic cleaning of interior surfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Odell, D. MacKenzie C. (Aiken, SC)

    1996-01-01

    An ultrasonic cleaning method for cleaning the interior surfaces of tubes. The method uses an ultrasonic generator and reflector each coupled to opposing ends of the open-ended, fluid-filled tube. Fluid-tight couplings seal the reflector and generator to the tube, preventing leakage of fluid from the interior of the tube. The reflector and generator are operatively connected to actuators, whereby the distance between them can be varied. When the distance is changed, the frequency of the sound waves is simultaneously adjusted to maintain the resonant frequency of the tube so that a standing wave is formed in the tube, the nodes of which are moved axially to cause cavitation along the length of the tube. Cavitation maximizes mechanical disruption and agitation of the fluid, dislodging foreign material from the interior surface.

  13. INTERIOR

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and700, 1.Reports1E~ S·D3GraniteS T A/ I'ixa6-qc m

  14. High resolution non-contact interior profilometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Piltch, Martin S. (Los Alamos, NM); Patterson, R. Alan (Los Alamos, NM); Leeches, Gerald W. (Los Alamos, NM); Nierop, John Van (Largo, FL); Teti, John J. (Tampa, FL)

    2001-01-01

    Apparatus and method for inspecting the interior surfaces of devices such as vessels having a single entry port. Laser energy is launched into the vessel, and the light reflected from the interior surfaces is interfered with reference laser energy to produce an interference pattern. This interference pattern is analyzed to reveal information about the condition of the interior surfaces of the device inspected.

  15. Building America Expert Meeting: Interior Insulation Retrofit...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The Building Science Corporation team held an Expert Meeting on Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assemblies on July 30, 2011, at the Westford Regency Hotel in...

  16. The Sun's Interior Metallicity Constrained by Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillermo Gonzalez

    2006-05-25

    Observed solar neutrino fluxes are employed to constrain the interior composition of the Sun. Including the effects of neutrino flavor mixing, the results from Homestake, Sudbury, and Gallium experiments constrain the Mg, Si, and Fe abundances in the solar interior to be within a factor 0.89 to 1.34 of the surface values with 68% confidence. If the O and/or Ne abundances are increased in the interior to resolve helioseismic discrepancies with recent standard solar models, then the nominal interior Mg, Si, and Fe abundances are constrained to a range of 0.83 to 1.24 relative to the surface. Additional research is needed to determine whether the Sun's interior is metal poor relative to its surface.

  17. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INTERAGENCY REPORT: 27 Documentation Figure 2 . Map of major geologic features in Apollo 14 traverse area . Origin of geol ogic units

  18. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INTERAGENCY REPORT: ASTROGEOLOGY 26 · · · · · · · 0 · · · · · 4b. Skeletonized exploration of geologic units · o · · · · · · · · · · · · · . . . iii by a sequence of congealed basaltic lava flows, partly covered by surficial debris. The bedrock units exposed

  19. Interior Department Announces $11.8 Million to Support Tribal...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Interior Department Announces 11.8 Million to Support Tribal Climate Change Adaptation and Planning Projects Interior Department Announces 11.8 Million to Support Tribal Climate...

  20. A Guided Tour of Planetary Interiors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klotz, Alexander R

    2015-01-01

    We explore the gravitational dynamics of falling through planetary interiors. Two trajectory classes are considered: a straight cord between two surface points, and the brachistochrone path that minimizes the falling time between two points. The times taken to fall along these paths, and the shapes of the brachistochrone paths, are examined for the Moon, Mars, Earth, Saturn, and the Sun, based on models of their interiors. A toy model of the internal structure, a power-law gravitational field, characterizes the dynamics with one parameter, the exponent of the power-law, with values from -2 for a point-mass to +1 for a uniform sphere. Smaller celestial bodies behave like a uniform sphere, while larger bodies begin to approximate point-masses, consistent with an effective exponent describing their interior gravity.

  1. Master of Interior Architecture Track I DEGREE REQUIREMENTS 147 CREDITS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Master of Interior Architecture ­ Track I DEGREE REQUIREMENTS ­ 147 CREDITS Individual requirements. Interior Architecture Design Studios ARCH 680 Intro to Graduate Design (6) ARCH 681 Intro to Graduate Working Drawings in Interior Architecture (6) IARC 588 Interior Design Comprehensive Project I (8) IARC

  2. The Solar Interior Paul Bushby (Newcastle University)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haase, Markus

    The Solar Interior Paul Bushby (Newcastle University) STFC Introductory Course in Solar System. Solar rotation and large-scale flows 3. The solar cycle 4. Solar dynamo theory 5. Open questions Sunday, 5 September 2010 #12;1. Basic properties of the Sun Right: A recent image from the Solar Dynamics

  3. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INTERAGENCY REPORT: ASTROGEOLOGY 66 of the moon-wide distribu- tion of relative ages of lunar plains units determined with Apollo and Lunar in a mappable unit that are eroded to a slope of 1 by the net accumulated flux of small impacts. New data show

  4. An Evaluation of the Interior Wetlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , · evaluate the biological, economic and social impacts of the program components. The evaluation of the IWP, economic and social impacts of the program. Actual results are evaluated against the anticipated benefits#12;An Evaluation of the Interior Wetlands Program Accomplishments and Impacts to Date Executive

  5. An Evaluation of the Interior Wetlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) in relation to the objectives established in the Strategic Plan; and, · evaluate the biological, economic of the program. (b) Program Impacts: The evaluation examines the ecological, economic and social impacts#12;An Evaluation of the Interior Wetlands Program Accomplishments and Impacts to Date Prepared

  6. Fractionated Branes and Black Hole Interiors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emil J. Martinec

    2015-05-20

    Combining a variety of results in string theory and general relativity, a picture of the black hole interior is developed wherein spacetime caps off at an inner horizon, and the inter-horizon region is occupied by a Hagedorn gas of a very low tension state of fractionated branes. This picture leads to natural resolutions of a variety of puzzles concerning quantum black holes. Gravity Research Foundation 2015 Fourth Prize Award for Essays on Gravitation.

  7. Observing Healthcare Interior Environments and the Effect on Patient Behavior 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, Courtney R.

    2010-07-14

    and what aspects influence this feeling? II. What are the independent and dependent variables present in the interior environment that effect patient well-being? The results concluded that by adding simple elements to the interior environments of healthcare...

  8. Text-Alternative Version: LEDs for Interior Office Applications

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Below is the text-alternative version of the LEDs for Interior Office Applications webcast, held March 18, 2010.

  9. Lazy Generation of Building Interiors in Realtime Carleton University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitehead, Anthony

    Lazy Generation of Building Interiors in Realtime Evan Hahn Carleton University e-mail: ehahn interiors for the player to ex- plore. Automatic real-time building interior generation can provide a means of entry through every visible door in a virtual world. We present a novel approach to generate virtual

  10. Volatiles as a link between planetary interiors and the environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Benjamin A. (Benjamin Alexander)

    2013-01-01

    Volatiles derived from planetary interiors influence magma evolution and environmental processes. Over appropriate timescales, Earth's mantle, crust, ocean, and atmosphere constitute coupled systems. The apparently synchronous ...

  11. United States Department of the Interior - Directors Order 53...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - GuideHandbook: United States Department of the Interior - Directors Order 53 - Special Park...

  12. Memorandum of Understanding between the Dept. of Interior and...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    of Energy and the U.S. Department of the Interior to support offshore wind and marine and hydrokinetic technologies. mouoffshorewindhydrokineticdeployment.pdf More...

  13. BOEM 2014-662 US Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldfinger, Chris

    of Mexico OCS Region report, go to the US Department of the Interior, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, David Evans and Associates. #12;5 Survey of Benthic Communities near Potential Renewable Energy SitesOCS Study BOEM 2014-662 US Department of the Interior Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Pacific OCS

  14. Fact Sheet Radiant barriers and interior radiation control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Radiant Barrier Fact Sheet Overview Radiant barriers and interior radiation control coatings 2 in the map below), radiant barriers could reduce your utility bills by as much as $150 per year load. Contents: Overview · What is a radiant barrier? · What is an interior radiation control coating

  15. Full waveform inversion of solar interior flows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanasoge, Shravan M.

    2014-12-10

    The inference of flows of material in the interior of the Sun is a subject of major interest in helioseismology. Here, we apply techniques of full waveform inversion (FWI) to synthetic data to test flow inversions. In this idealized setup, we do not model seismic realization noise, training the focus entirely on the problem of whether a chosen supergranulation flow model can be seismically recovered. We define the misfit functional as a sum of L {sub 2} norm deviations in travel times between prediction and observation, as measured using short-distance filtered f and p {sub 1} and large-distance unfiltered p modes. FWI allows for the introduction of measurements of choice and iteratively improving the background model, while monitoring the evolution of the misfit in all desired categories. Although the misfit is seen to uniformly reduce in all categories, convergence to the true model is very slow, possibly because it is trapped in a local minimum. The primary source of error is inaccurate depth localization, which, due to density stratification, leads to wrong ratios of horizontal and vertical flow velocities ({sup c}ross talk{sup )}. In the present formulation, the lack of sufficient temporal frequency and spatial resolution makes it difficult to accurately localize flow profiles at depth. We therefore suggest that the most efficient way to discover the global minimum is to perform a probabilistic forward search, involving calculating the misfit associated with a broad range of models (generated, for instance, by a Monte Carlo algorithm) and locating the deepest minimum. Such techniques possess the added advantage of being able to quantify model uncertainty as well as realization noise (data uncertainty).

  16. Mercury exposure from interior latex paint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agocs, M.M.; Etzel, R.A.; Parrish, R.G.; Paschal, D.C.; Campagna, P.R.; Cohen, D.S.; Kilbourne, E.M.; Hesse, J.L. )

    1990-10-18

    Many paint companies have used phenylmercuric acetate as a preservative to prolong the shelf life of interior latex paint. In August 1989, acrodynia, a form of mercury poisoning, occurred in a child exposed to paint fumes in a home recently painted with a brand containing 4.7 mmol of mercury per liter (at that time the Environmental Protection Agency's recommended limit was 1.5 mmol or less per liter). To determine whether the recent use of that brand of paint containing phenylmercuric acetate was associated with elevated indoor-air and urinary mercury concentrations, we studied 74 exposed persons living in 19 homes recently painted with the brand and 28 unexposed persons living in 10 homes not recently painted with paint containing mercury. The paint samples from the homes of exposed persons contained a median of 3.8 mmol of mercury per liter, and air samples from the homes had a median mercury content of 10.0 nmol per cubic meter (range, less than 0.5 to 49.9). No mercury was detected in paint or air samples from the homes of unexposed persons. The median urinary mercury concentration was higher in the exposed persons (4.7 nmol of mercury per millimole of creatinine; range, 1.4 to 66.5) than in the unexposed persons (1.1 nmol per millimole; range, 0.02 to 3.9; P less than 0.001). Urinary mercury concentrations within the range that we found in exposed persons have been associated with symptomatic mercury poisoning. We found that potentially hazardous exposure to mercury had occurred among persons whose homes were painted with a brand of paint containing mercury at concentrations approximately 2 1/2 times the Environmental Protection Agency's recommended limit.

  17. Interior cavern conditions and salt fall potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Munson, D.E.; Molecke, M.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Myers, R.E. [Strategic Petroleum Reserve, New Orleans, LA (United States)

    1998-03-01

    A relatively large number of salt caverns are used for fluid hydrocarbon storage, including an extensive set of facilities in the Gulf Coast salt domes for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) Program. Attention is focused on the SPR caverns because of available histories that detail events involving loss and damage of the hanging string casing. The total number of events is limited, making the database statistically sparse. The occurrence of the events is not evenly distributed, with some facilities, and some caverns, more susceptible than others. While not all of these events could be attributed to impacts from salt falls, many did show the evidence of such impacts. As a result, a study has been completed to analyze the potential for salt falls in the SPR storage caverns. In this process, it was also possible to deduce some of the cavern interior conditions. Storage caverns are very large systems in which many factors could possibly play a part in casing damage. In this study, all of the potentially important factors such as salt dome geology, operational details, and material characteristics were considered, with all being logically evaluated and most being determined as secondary in nature. As a result of the study, it appears that a principal factor in determining a propensity for casing damage from salt falls is the creep and fracture characteristics of salt in individual caverns. In addition the fracture depends strongly upon the concentration of impurity particles in the salt. Although direct observation of cavern conditions is not possible, the average impurity concentration and the accumulation of salt fall material can be determined. When this is done, there is a reasonable correlation between the propensity for a cavern to show casing damage events and accumulation of salt fall material. The accumulation volumes of salt fall material can be extremely large, indicating that only a few of the salt falls are large enough to cause impact damage.

  18. Interior of Black Holes and Information Recovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hikaru Kawai; Yuki Yokokura

    2015-09-28

    We analyze time evolution of a collapsing matter from a point of view that black holes evaporate by nature. We first consider a spherical thin shell that falls in the metric of an evaporating Schwarzschild black hole whose radius $a(t)$ decreases as $\\frac{da(t)}{dt}=-\\frac{2\\sigma(a(t))}{a(t)^2}$. The shell can never reach $a(t)$, but it approaches $a(t)+\\frac{2\\sigma(a(t))}{a(t)}$ in the time scale $\\sim a(t)$. Then the radiation from the hole is extremely weakened because of the large redshift caused by the shell. This time, however, the shell itself starts to radiate and exhausts energy. After that, the hole starts to radiate again. We can repeat this argument recursively because the motion of a shell in a spherically symmetric system is independent of the outside. In this way we can analyze a spherically symmetric collapsing matter with a general continuous distribution, and find that it evaporates without forming a trapped region. If the theory has considerably more species of matter fields, the trans-Planckian problems are avoided. There is a clear boundary at $r=a+\\frac{2\\sigma}{a}$ as the surface of the object. Although the matter distribution inside the object depends on the initial data, from the outside it looks almost the same as a conventional black hole. A strong angular pressure is induced by the Hawking radiation, because of which the matter loses energy when it collapses. We then discuss how the information of the matter is recovered in this picture. Next we consider a black hole that is adiabatically grown from a small one in the heat bath, and obtain the interior metric. We show that it is the self-consistent solution of $G_{\\mu\

  19. Edens islands rooms : the project of the urban interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahindroo, Amrita

    2011-01-01

    The privately owned public interior, defined here as an enclosed urban space owned by a private entity, has been a recurrent character of many 20th century liberal cities. It has today found an epitome in the mega-structural ...

  20. United States Department of the Interior - RM-53 - Reference...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - GuideHandbook: United States Department of the Interior - RM-53 - Reference Manual - Special Park...

  1. Geophysical evolution of planetary interiors and surfaces : Moon & Mars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Alexander Joseph

    2013-01-01

    The interiors and surfaces of the terrestrial planetary bodies provide us a unique opportunity to gain insight into planetary evolution, particularly in the early stages subsequent to accretion. Both Mars and the Moon are ...

  2. Advances in interior point methods and column generation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    González Brevis, Pablo; Brevis, Pablo

    2013-11-28

    In this thesis we study how to efficiently combine the column generation technique (CG) and interior point methods (IPMs) for solving the relaxation of a selection of integer programming problems. In order to obtain an ...

  3. New embedding of Schwarzschild geometry. II. Interior solution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Burghardt

    2002-03-01

    We embed the Schwarzschild interior solution in a five-dimensional flat space and show that the systems of the interior and the exterior solution are based on the same geometrical principles. It turns out that the energy tensor of the matter has its origin in the five-dimensional structure of the geometry and is built up by the generalized second fundamental forms. Thus, the matter is already geometrized. The Codazzi equations are the field equations for the matter field.

  4. Interior Offers First Right-of-Way for Renewable Energy Transmission...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Interior Offers First Right-of-Way for Renewable Energy Transmission in Federal Waters Interior Offers First Right-of-Way for Renewable Energy Transmission in Federal Waters...

  5. Cost-Effective Wall Retrofit Solution for the Interior Side of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for the Interior Side of Building's Exterior Wall that Supports a Phased Retrofit Cost Model - 2014 BTO Peer Review Cost-Effective Wall Retrofit Solution for the Interior...

  6. The Sun's interior structure and dynamics, and the solar cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broomhall, A -M; Howe, R; Norton, A A; Thompson, M J

    2014-01-01

    The Sun's internal structure and dynamics can be studied with helioseismology, which uses the Sun's natural acoustic oscillations to build up a profile of the solar interior. We discuss how solar acoustic oscillations are affected by the Sun's magnetic field. Careful observations of these effects can be inverted to determine the variations in the structure and dynamics of the Sun's interior as the solar cycle progresses. Observed variations in the structure and dynamics can then be used to inform models of the solar dynamo, which are crucial to our understanding of how the Sun's magnetic field is generated and maintained.

  7. The interior transmission problem and bounds on transmission eigenvalues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Hitrik; Katsiaryna Krupchyk; Petri Ola; Lassi Päivärinta

    2010-09-28

    We study the interior transmission eigenvalue problem for sign-definite multiplicative perturbations of the Laplacian in a bounded domain. We show that all but finitely many complex transmission eigenvalues are confined to a parabolic neighborhood of the positive real axis.

  8. Cardiac Computed Tomography Radiation Dose Reduction Using Interior Reconstruction Algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Ge

    recommendations are to use radiation dose as low as possible while satisfying the diagnosis requirement. ThereforeCardiac Computed Tomography Radiation Dose Reduction Using Interior Reconstruction Algorithm. Jeffrey Carr, MD,§¶ and Ge Wang, PhD,*Þþ Abstract: High x-ray radiation dose is a major public concern

  9. ISOLATED NEUTRON STARS: FROM THE SURFACE TO THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ISOLATED NEUTRON STARS: FROM THE SURFACE TO THE INTERIOR Edited by: Silvia Zane University College information storage and retrieval system, without written permission from the copyright owner. Printed­77 E.V. Gotthelf and J.P. Halpern / The anatomy of a magnetar: XMM monitoring of the transient

  10. The Fisheries of Norway UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Fisheries of Norway UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE BUREAU 11 12 15 16 16 16 17 17 17 18 19 19 #12;The Fisheries of Norway By SID 'EY SHAPIRO Foreign Fisheries about 1.3 million tons annually between 1960 and 1964. Thes e landings make Norway the foremost fishing

  11. Hydrogen Bonding Increases Packing Density in the Protein Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hydrogen Bonding Increases Packing Density in the Protein Interior David Schell,1,2 Jerry Tsai,1 J System Health Science Center, College Station, Texas 77843-1114 ABSTRACT The contribution of hydrogen to the stability, but experimental studies show that bury- ing polar groups, especially those that are hydrogen

  12. Chapter 26: Earth's Interior Did you read chapter 26

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Gus

    Drilling Program Deepest hole penetrated · 2,111 m (1.31 mi) · E Pacific Ocean Shallowest water depth. No The Interior of the Earth The main features of the earth's surface are continents and ocean basins. What is the world's deepest mine, 3585m (2.2 miles) below surface 1933, ½ mile 2005, ~2 miles Drilling a Hole Ocean

  13. Determination of Rotor Temperature for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noé, Reinhold

    of the magnet material monitoring its temperature also helps to increase the accuracy of the estimated torque [1Determination of Rotor Temperature for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine Using@lea.upb.de, boecker@lea.upb.de Abstract--In this paper an enhanced method to de- termine the rotor temperature

  14. Interior Structure and Seasonal Mass Redistribution of Mars from Radio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manga, Michael

    Interior Structure and Seasonal Mass Redistribution of Mars from Radio Tracking of Mars Pathfinder. Analysis of radio tracking measurements from the Vi- king landers has determined the normal- ized polar. The precession is driven by the gravita- tional torque of the sun acting on Mars' oblate figure

  15. Wave functions for the Schwarzschild black hole interior

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cartin, Daniel; Khanna, Gaurav [Naval Academy Preparatory School, 197 Elliot Street, Newport, Rhode Island 02841 (United States); Physics Department, University of Massachusetts at Dartmouth, North Dartmouth, Massachusetts 02747 (United States)

    2006-05-15

    Using the Hamiltonian constraint derived by Ashtekar and Bojowald, we look for preclassical wave functions in the Schwarzschild interior. In particular, when solving this difference equation by separation of variables, an inequality is obtained relating the Immirzi parameter {gamma} to the quantum ambiguity {delta} appearing in the model. This bound is violated when we use a natural value for {delta} based on loop quantum gravity together with a recent proposal for {gamma}. We also present numerical solutions of the constraint.

  16. Linear waves in the interior of extremal black holes I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gajic, Dejan

    2015-01-01

    We consider solutions to the linear wave equation in the interior region of extremal Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black holes. We show that, under suitable assumptions on the initial data, the solutions can be extended continuously beyond the Cauchy horizon and moreover, that their local energy is finite. This result is in contrast with previously established results for subextremal Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black holes, where the local energy was shown to generically blow up at the Cauchy horizon.

  17. Defense, Interior Departments Pursue Renewable Energy on Federal Lands |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department8, 20153Daniel BoffDepartment of Energy Defense, Interior

  18. U.S. Departments of Interior and Energy Release Report on Indian...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    of Interior and Energy Release Report on Indian Land Rights-of-Way Study, May 15, 2007 U.S. Departments of Interior and Energy Release Report on Indian Land Rights-of-Way...

  19. Optimum Control for Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors (IPMSM) in Constant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noé, Reinhold

    Optimum Control for Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors (IPMSM) in Constant Torque and Electrical Drives, Paderborn, Germany Abstract--Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors (IPMSM) gain-power speed area. A widespread electrical machine used for this purpose is the Interior Permanent Magnet

  20. Direct Torque Control for Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors with Respect to Optimal Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noé, Reinhold

    applications. Highly utilized machines are often designed as interior permanent magnet synchronous motorsDirect Torque Control for Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors with Respect to Optimal@lea.upb.de, boecker@lea.upb.de URL: http://wwwlea.upb.de Keywords «Interior permanent magnet synchronous motor

  1. Retention of canopy lichens after partial-cut harvesting in wet-belt interior cedarhemlock forests,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    Retention of canopy lichens after partial-cut harvesting in wet-belt interior cedar­hemlock forests-growth cedar­hemlock forests of the interior wet-belt of British Columbia are rich in abundance and diversity a zone of high precipitation, the so-called interior wet- belt, which favours the development of lush wet

  2. United States Department of Interior | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin, New York:Power Company Jump to: navigation,DefenseInterior Jump

  3. United States Department of the Interior - Directors Order 53 - Special

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin, New York:Power Company Jump to: navigation,DefenseInterior

  4. Property:Building/InteriorHeight | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio1975)EnergyFloorAreaOffices Jump to:FloorAreaTotalInteriorHeight

  5. Interior Board of Land Appeals | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:on OpeneiAlbanian CentreHoldings JumpInterior Board of Land

  6. Method for fabricating prescribed flaws in the interior of metals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hsu, David K. (Ames, IA); Thompson, Donald O. (Ames, IA)

    1989-03-07

    The method for fabricating a metal body having a flaw of predetermined size and shape located therein comprises placing half of the metal powder required to make the metal body in the die of a press and pressing it to create a flat upper surface thereon. A piece of copper foil is cut to the size and shape of the desired interior crack and placed on the upper surface of the powder and centered in position. The remaining powder is then placed in the die to cover the copper foil. The powder is first cold pressed and removed from the press. The powder metal piece is then sintered in a furnace at a temperature above the melting point of the copper and below the melting point of the metal. It is then removed from the furnace, cooled to room temperature, and placed back in the die and pressed further. This procedure results in an interior flaw or crack. Modified forms of the method involve using a press-sinter-press-sinter cycle with the first sinter being below the melting point of the copper and the second sinter being above the melting point of the copper and below the melting point of the metal.

  7. Imaging the Earth's Interior: the Angular Distribution of Terrestrial Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brian D. Fields; Kathrin A. Hochmuth

    2004-05-31

    Decays of radionuclides throughout the Earth's interior produce geothermal heat, but also are a source of antineutrinos. The (angle-integrated) geoneutrino flux places an integral constraint on the terrestrial radionuclide distribution. In this paper, we calculate the angular distribution of geoneutrinos, which opens a window on the differential radionuclide distribution. We develop the general formalism for the neutrino angular distribution, and we present the inverse transformation which recovers the terrestrial radioisotope distribution given a measurement of the neutrino angular distribution. Thus, geoneutrinos not only allow a means to image the Earth's interior, but offering a direct measure of the radioactive Earth, both (1) revealing the Earth's inner structure as probed by radionuclides, and (2) allowing for a complete determination of the radioactive heat generation as a function of radius. We present the geoneutrino angular distribution for the favored Earth model which has been used to calculate geoneutrino flux. In this model the neutrino generation is dominated by decays in the Earth's mantle and crust; this leads to a very ``peripheral'' angular distribution, in which 2/3 of the neutrinos come from angles > 60 degrees away from the downward vertical. We note the possibility of that the Earth's core contains potassium; different geophysical predictions lead to strongly varying, and hence distinguishable, central intensities (vertical). Other uncertainties in the models, and prospects for observation of the geoneutrino angular distribution, are briefly discussed. We conclude by urging the development and construction of antineutrino experiments with angular sensitivity. (Abstract abridged.)

  8. Effective Polymer Dynamics of D-Dimensional Black Hole Interiors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Peltola; G. Kunstatter

    2009-09-01

    We consider two different effective polymerization schemes applied to D-dimensional, spherically symmetric black hole interiors. It is shown that polymerization of the generalized area variable alone leads to a complete, regular, single-horizon spacetime in which the classical singularity is replaced by a bounce. The bounce radius is independent of rescalings of the homogeneous internal coordinate, but does depend on the arbitrary fiducial cell size. The model is therefore necessarily incomplete. It nonetheless has many interesting features: After the bounce, the interior region asymptotes to an infinitely expanding Kantowski-Sachs spacetime. If the solution is analytically continued across the horizon, the black hole exterior exhibits asymptotically vanishing quantum-corrections due to the polymerization. In all spacetime dimensions except four, the fall-off is too slow to guarantee invariance under Poincare transformations in the exterior asymptotic region. Hence the four-dimensional solution stands out as the only example which satisfies the criteria for asymptotic flatness. In this case it is possible to calculate the quantum-corrected temperature and entropy. We also show that polymerization of both phase space variables, the area and the conformal mode of the metric, generically leads to a multiple horizon solution which is reminiscent of polymerized mini-superspace models of spherically symmetric black holes in Loop Quantum Gravity.

  9. System Cost Analysis for an Interior Permanent Magnet Motor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peter Campbell

    2008-08-01

    The objective of this program is to provide an assessment of the cost structure for an interior permanent magnet ('IPM') motor which is designed to meet the 2010 FreedomCAR specification. The program is to evaluate the range of viable permanent magnet materials for an IPM motor, including sintered and bonded grades of rare earth magnets. The study considers the benefits of key processing steps, alternative magnet shapes and their assembly methods into the rotor (including magnetization), and any mechanical stress or temperature limits. The motor's costs are estimated for an annual production quantity of 200,000 units, and are broken out into such major components as magnetic raw materials, processing and manufacturing. But this is essentially a feasibility study of the motor's electromagnetic design, and is not intended to include mechanical or thermal studies as would be done to work up a selected design for production.

  10. A Step Towards Conservation for Interior Alaska Tribes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimberly Carlo

    2012-07-07

    This project includes a consortium of tribes. The tribes include Hughes (representing the consortium) Birch Creek, Huslia, and Allakaket. The project proposed by Interior Regional Housing Authority (IRHA) on behalf of the villages of Hughes, Birch Creek, Huslia and Allakaket is to develop an energy conservation program relevant to each specific community, educate tribe members and provide the tools to implement the conservation plan. The program seeks to achieve both energy savings and provide optimum energy requirements to support each tribe's mission. The energy management program will be a comprehensive program that considers all avenues for achieving energy savings, from replacing obsolete equipment, to the design and construction of energy conservation measures, the implementation of energy saving operation and maintenance procedures, the utilization of a community-wide building energy management system, and a commitment to educating the tribes on how to decrease energy consumption. With the implementation of this program and the development of an Energy Management Plan, these communities can then work to reduce the high cost of living in rural Alaska.

  11. Interior Permanent Magnet Reluctance Machine with Brushless Field Excitation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiles, R.H.

    2005-10-07

    In a conventional permanent magnet (PM) machine, the air-gap flux produced by the PM is fixed. It is difficult to enhance the air-gap flux density due to limitations of the PM in a series-magnetic circuit. However, the air-gap flux density can be weakened by using power electronic field weakening to the limit of demagnetization of the PMs. This paper presents the test results of controlling the PM air-gap flux density through the use of a stationary brushless excitation coil in a reluctance interior permanent magnet with brushless field excitation (RIPM-BFE) motor. Through the use of this technology the air-gap flux density can be either enhanced or weakened. There is no concern with demagnetizing the PMs during field weakening. The leakage flux of the excitation coil through the PMs is blocked. The prototype motor built on this principle confirms the concept of flux enhancement and weakening through the use of excitation coils.

  12. Current Controller with Defined Dynamic Behavior for an Interior Permanent Magnet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noé, Reinhold

    Current Controller with Defined Dynamic Behavior for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor combustion vehicles already provide. Today's modern HEV and EV mostly include interior permanent magnet]. The required torque, which is the reference variable for these applications, is generated by choosing

  13. Primal-Dual Interior Point Method Applied to the Short Term Hydroelectric Scheduling Including a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliveira, Aurélio R. L.

    Primal-Dual Interior Point Method Applied to the Short Term Hydroelectric Scheduling Including that minimizes losses in the transmission and costs in the generation of a hydroelectric power system, formulated such perturbing parameter. Keywords-- Hydroelectric power system, Network flow, Predispatch, Primal-dual interior

  14. Industrial Use of Fish Oils UNITED STATES DEPART MENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Industrial Use of Fish Oils UNITED STATES DEPART MENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES #12;Industrial Use of Fish Oils UNITED STATES DEPART MENT OF THE INTERIOR 16 IIndustrial Use of Fish Oils INTRODUCTION The world's waters annually produce a tremendous harwst

  15. A Fixed Energy Fixed Angle Inverse Uniqueness in Interior Transmission Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lung-Hui Chen

    2015-08-05

    We transform an inverse scattering problem to be an interior transmission problem. We find an inverse uniqueness on the scatterer with a knowledge of a fixed interior transmission eigenvalue. By examining the solution in a series of spherical harmonics at far fields, we can decide the perturbation uniquely for the radially symmetric perturbations.

  16. Lunar interior properties from the GRAIL mission James G. Williams1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nimmo, Francis

    Lunar interior properties from the GRAIL mission James G. Williams1 , Alexander S. Konopliv1 , Dale Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) mission has sampled lunar gravity with unprecedented accuracy GRAIL Primary Mission data at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the Goddard Space Flight Center. The two

  17. Uma Estrategia de Navegac~ao para Rob^os Moveis em Ambientes Interiores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    Uma Estrategia de Navegac~ao para Rob^os Moveis em Ambientes Interiores Raquel Frizera Vassallo~ao UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO ESPIRITO SANTO Vitoria, ES - BRASIL Dezembro de 1998 #12;Uma Estrategia de Navegac Uma Estrategia de Navegac~ao para Rob^os Moveis em Ambientes Interiores. Vitoria] 1998 xiii, 97p., 29

  18. Flexible Facility Interior Layout: A Real Options and Chung-Li Tseng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tseng, Chung-Li

    Flexible Facility Interior Layout: A Real Options Approach Tong Zhao and Chung-Li Tseng Abstract needs to constantly exercise managerial real options, such as partitioning a big unit to small units. In this situation, the interior layout can be changed easily within a short time. In this paper, we take a real-options

  19. C:~1oago 54, Ill. United states Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) ) C:~1oago 54, Ill. United states Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service Fishery sablefish, rockfish, sole, lingcod, an.d more recPIltly, shark. These and ma:'1V others are available fresh, ' U. S. Departrilent of thp. Interior, Chicago 54, Illinois. #12;Oven~Fried Shark 2 po;].nds soupfin

  20. Expert Meeting Report: Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assemblies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ueno, K.; Van Straaten, R.

    2012-02-01

    The Building Science Consortium held an Expert Meeting on Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assemblies on July 30, 2011 at the Westford Regency Hotel in Westford, MA. This report outlines the extensive information that was presented on assessment of risk factors for premature building deterioration due to interior insulation retrofits, and methods to reduce such risks.

  1. Expert Meeting Report. Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assemblies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ueno, K.; Van Straaten, R.

    2012-02-01

    The Building Science Consortium held an Expert Meeting on Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assemblies on July 30, 2011, at the Westford Regency Hotel in Westford, MA. This report outlines the extensive information that was presented on assessment of risk factors for premature building deterioration due to interior insulation retrofits, and methods to reduce such risks.

  2. Radiative Heating and the Buoyant Rise of Magnetic Flux Tubes in the Solar Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Radiative Heating and the Buoyant Rise of Magnetic Flux Tubes in the Solar Interior Y. Fan National the e ect of radiative heating on the evolution of thin magnetic ux tubes in the solar interior Solar Observatoryy, 950 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85719. G. H. Fisher Space Sciences Laboratory, Univ

  3. The evolution of Interior Intrusion Detection Technology at Sandia National Laboratories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graham, R.H.; Workhoven, R.M.

    1987-07-01

    Interior Intrusion Detection Technology began at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) in 1975 as part of the Fixed Facilities Physical Protection Research and Development program sponsored by the US Department of Energy in connection with their nuclear safeguards effort. This paper describes the evolution of Interior Intrusion Detection Technology at Sandia National Laboratories from the beginning of the Interior Sensor Laboratory to the present. This Laboratory was established in 1976 to evaluate commercial interior intrusion sensors and to assist in site-specific intrusion detection system designs. Examples of special test techniques and new test equipment that were developed at the Lab are presented, including the Sandia Intruder Motion Simulator (SIMS), the Sensor and Environment Monitor (SEM), and the Sandia Interior Robot (SIR). We also discuss new sensors and unique sensor combinations developed when commercial sensors were unavailable and the future application of expert systems.

  4. The equation of radiative transfer in the solar interior (Collective plasma processes and the solar neutrino problem)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsytovich, V N; De Angelis, U; Forlani, A

    1995-01-01

    The equation of radiative transfer in the solar interior (Collective plasma processes and the solar neutrino problem)

  5. Study of Various Slanted Air-gap Structures of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless Field Excitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolbert, Leon M.

    magnet machine, synchronous motors, torque. I. NOMENCLATURE BFE brushless field excitation IPMSM interiorStudy of Various Slanted Air-gap Structures of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor of the slanted air-gap structure of an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor with brushless field

  6. Flow adjustment and interior flow associated with a rectangular porous obstruction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rominger, Jeffrey Tsaros

    The flow at the leading edge and in the interior of a rectangular porous obstruction is described through experiments and scaling. The porous obstruction consists of an emergent, rectangular array of cylinders in shallow ...

  7. Analytical Method of Torque Calculation for Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolbert, Leon M.

    Analytical Method of Torque Calculation for Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machines Seong (FEA). Also, this method can be applied to any type of synchronous machine. Index Terms-- equivalent circuit, inductance, permanent magnet machine, synchronous motors, torque. I. NOMENCLATURE BFE brushless

  8. U.S. Departments of Interior and Energy Release Report on Indian...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    section 1813, the full report, and Federal Register Notice. Media contact(s): Megan Barnett, (202) 586-4940 Addthis Related Articles U.S. Departments of Interior and Energy...

  9. Advances in Interior Point Methods for Large-Scale Linear Programming 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colombo, Marco

    2007-01-01

    This research studies two computational techniques that improve the practical performance of existing implementations of interior point methods for linear programming. Both are based on the concept of symmetric neighbourhood ...

  10. Technology Solutions Case Study: Interior Foundation Insulation Upgrade-Minneapolis Residence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-10-01

    This interior foundation project employed several techniques to improve performance and mitigate moisture issues: dimple mat; spray polyurethane foam insulation; moisture and thermal management systems for the floor; and paperless gypsum board and steel framing.

  11. 2007 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    was produced from brines from the Zabayu Salt Lake in western Tibet and the Taijinaier Salt Lake in Qinghai composite core drill samples of lithium-rich hectorite clay at its Kings Valley location in Nevada. Based

  12. 2012 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    States. In China, lithium carbonate was produced from brines from the Zabayu Salt Lake in western Tibet and from the Dongtai and Xitai Salt Lakes in Qinghai Province. China was the only country that produced, the company continued to make progress on a well drilling program designed to double Rockwood's lithium

  13. Video and thermal imaging system for monitoring interiors of high temperature reaction vessels

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Saveliev, Alexei V. (Chicago, IL); Zelepouga, Serguei A. (Hoffman Estates, IL); Rue, David M. (Chicago, IL)

    2012-01-10

    A system and method for real-time monitoring of the interior of a combustor or gasifier wherein light emitted by the interior surface of a refractory wall of the combustor or gasifier is collected using an imaging fiber optic bundle having a light receiving end and a light output end. Color information in the light is captured with primary color (RGB) filters or complimentary color (GMCY) filters placed over individual pixels of color sensors disposed within a digital color camera in a BAYER mosaic layout, producing RGB signal outputs or GMCY signal outputs. The signal outputs are processed using intensity ratios of the primary color filters or the complimentary color filters, producing video images and/or thermal images of the interior of the combustor or gasifier.

  14. Can we constrain interior structure of rocky exoplanets from mass and radius measurements?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorn, Caroline; Heng, Kevin; Alibert, Yann; Connolly, James A D; Benz, Willy; Tackley, Paul

    2015-01-01

    We present an inversion method based on Bayesian analysis to constrain the interior structure of terrestrial exoplanets, in the form of chemical composition of the mantle and core size. Specifically, we identify what parts of the interior structure of terrestrial exoplanets can be determined from observations of mass, radius, and stellar elemental abundances. We perform a full probabilistic inverse analysis to formally account for observational and model uncertainties and obtain confidence regions of interior structure models. This enables us to characterize how model variability depends on data and associated uncertainties. We test our method on terrestrial solar system planets and find that our model predictions are consistent with independent estimates. Furthermore, we apply our method to synthetic exoplanets up to 10 Earth masses and up to 1.7 Earth radii as well as to exoplanet Kepler-36b. Importantly, the inversion strategy proposed here provides a framework for understanding the level of precision requ...

  15. Systems and methods for coating conduit interior surfaces utilizing a thermal spray gun with extension arm

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Moore, Karen A.; Zatorski, Raymond A.

    2005-07-12

    Systems and methods for applying a coating to an interior surface of a conduit. In one embodiment, a spray gun configured to apply a coating is attached to an extension arm which may be inserted into the bore of a pipe. The spray gun may be a thermal spray gun adapted to apply a powder coating. An evacuation system may be used to provide a volume area of reduced air pressure for drawing overspray out of the pipe interior during coating. The extension arm as well as the spray gun may be cooled to maintain a consistent temperature in the system, allowing for more consistent coating.

  16. Methods for coating conduit interior surfaces utilizing a thermal spray gun with extension arm

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Moore, Karen A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Zatorski, Raymond A. (East Hampton, CT)

    2007-10-02

    Systems and methods for applying a coating to an interior surface of a conduit. In one embodiment, a spray gun configured to apply a coating is attached to an extension arm which may be inserted into the bore of a pipe. The spray gun may be a thermal spray gun adapted to apply a powder coating. An evacuation system may be used to provide a volume area of reduced air pressure for drawing overspray out of the pipe interior during coating. The extension arm as well as the spray gun may be cooled to maintain a consistent temperature in the system, allowing for more consistent coating.

  17. Visual Comfort Analysis of Innovative Interior and Exterior Shading Systems for Commercial Buildings using High Resolution Luminance Images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konis, Kyle

    2011-01-01

    adjustment (e.g. , "winter, "equinox," "summer") to not biasdeg) BA (deg) BA (deg) Height above floor (m) winter equinoxwinter equinox :summer Interior Systems reference-VB split-

  18. Production of Fish Oil UNITED STATES DEPART MENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Production of Fish Oil UNITED STATES DEPART MENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE BUREAU. Crowther, Director Production of Fish Oil By GEORGE M. PIGOTT Assistant Professor, Food Science Departm RENDERING METHOD The relationship between the tmee basic products (meal, oil, and stick water) from

  19. Interior Duct Wall Pressure Downstream of a Low-Speed Scott C. Morris

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alonso, Juan J.

    Interior Duct Wall Pressure Downstream of a Low-Speed Rotor Scott C. Morris , David B. Stephens The region downstream of a ducted rotor has been experimentally investigated in terms of its wake characteristics and the duct wall pressure fluctuations. The motivation for the measurements was to document

  20. Control Realization for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (IPMSM) in Automotive Drive Trains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noé, Reinhold

    Control Realization for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (IPMSM) in Automotive Drive, the Maximal Torque Per Current (MTPC) method provides appropriate results. The requested torque is generated higher drive efficiency. The requested torque is generated with a minimum of total losses, which

  1. Fatty Acid Composition of Fish Oils UNITED STATES DEPART MENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fatty Acid Composition of Fish Oils UNITED STATES DEPART MENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE INTRODUCTION I . of the chemical nature of fish-oil fatty acids and their dis- ~ arine life is important of the distribution of fatty acids i~ also i~por~ant in _rstand the physical and chemical properties of fIsh oils

  2. rOR THE PHILIPPINES UDited States Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · rOR THE PHILIPPINES =::::::: = ( ( ,/" UDited States Department of the Interior FISH AND WILDLIFE- visions of the Philippine Rehat:;iUtation Act of 1946, has been cooperating with the Philippine government in the rehabilItation and development of the fishing industry in the Philippines. The importance of this work rna

  3. Interior-point method for nuclear norm approximation with application to system identification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vandenberghe, Lieven

    Interior-point method for nuclear norm approximation with application to system identification Zhang Liu and Lieven Vandenberghe Abstract The nuclear norm (sum of singular values) of a matrix minimization and sparse signal estimation. In this paper we consider the problem of minimizing the nuclear norm

  4. An improved interior-point approach for use in reservoir operation Abbas Seifi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tunçel, Levent

    (LP) problem is often very large and highly sparse. A constant-potential interior-point algorithm, hydropower generation, water supply, water quality enhance- ment, navigation and recreation. The usefulness-term operation. Reznicek and Simonovic (1990) em- ploy a similar model in their new algorithm for hydropower

  5. MIMO Design of Active Noise Controllers for Car Interiors: Extending the Silenced Region at Higher Frequencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MIMO Design of Active Noise Controllers for Car Interiors: Extending the Silenced Region at Higher damping of low-frequency noise in car compartments by feedforward or feedback control. The complicated control that uses all loudspeakers of a premium car HiFi system. The results indicate that performance

  6. Measure Guideline: Installing Rigid Foam Insulation on the Interior of Existing Brick Walls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Natarajan, H.; Klocke, S.; Puttagunta, S.

    2012-06-01

    This measure guideline provides information on an effective method to insulate the interior of existing brick masonry walls with extruded polystyrene (XPS) insulation board. The guide outlines step-by-step design and installation procedures while explaining the benefits and tradeoffs where applicable. The authors intend that this document be useful to a varied audience that includes builders, remodelers, contractors and homeowners.

  7. Measure Guideline. Installing Rigid Foam Insulation on the Interior of Existing Brick Walls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Natarajan, Hariharan; Klocke, Steve; Puttagunta, Srikanth

    2012-06-01

    This measure guideline provides information on an effective method to insulate the interior of existing brick masonry walls with extruded polystyrene (XPS) insulation board. The guide outlines step-by-step design and installation procedures while explaining the benefits and tradeoffs where applicable. The authors intend that this document be useful to a varied audience that includes builders,remodelers, contractors and homeowners.

  8. Seedbed variation from the interior through the edge of a large wildfire in Alberta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macdonald, Ellen

    Seedbed variation from the interior through the edge of a large wildfire in Alberta David F. Greene of a very large (>100 000 ha) 2001 wildfire in the mixedwood boreal region of Alberta, we examined forêt mixte boréale de l'Alberta. De façon à minimiser les effets de station et de composition

  9. Chemistry of burning the forest floor during the FROSTFIRE experimental burn, interior Alaska, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neff, Jason

    in interior Alaska, and were analyzed for bulk density, major and trace elements, and organic compounds. Concentrations of carbon, nutrients, and several major and trace elements were significantly altered by the burn: Biogeochemical processes (4805); 1030 Geochemistry: Geochemical cycles (0330); KEYWORDS: combustion, experimental

  10. Multi-decadal projections of surface and interior pathways of the Fukushima Cesium-137 radioactive plume

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    England, Matthew

    Multi-decadal projections of surface and interior pathways of the Fukushima Cesium-137 radioactive: Radioactive tracers North Pacific Ocean circulation Mode water formation Fukushima nuclear disaster 3D Lagrangian modeling a b s t r a c t Following the March 2011 Fukushima disaster, large amounts of water

  11. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2007­3060 July 2007 Sinkholes Printed on recycled paper Catastrophic Sinkhole Collapse in Missouri Sinkholes are a common feature resources. What is a "Sinkhole"? A sinkhole is an area of ground that has no natural external surface

  12. Frontiers of the physics of dense plasmas and planetary interiors: experiments, theory, applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Militzer, Burkhard

    American Physical Society (APS), High Energy Density Laboratory Astrophysics (HEDLA), and High EnergyFrontiers of the physics of dense plasmas and planetary interiors: experiments, theory planets. I. INTRODUCTION We are now in an era of dramatic improvement in our knowledge of the physics

  13. Airborne Volcanic Ash--A Global Threat to Aviation U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Airborne Volcanic Ash--A Global Threat to Aviation U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological on the aviation industry. Airborne volcanic ash can be a serious hazard to aviation even hundreds of miles from an eruption. Encounters with high-concentration ash clouds can diminish visibility, damage flight control

  14. MultiDisciplinary Role of Atomic Astrophysics: From Stellar Interiors to Cancer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pradhan, Anil

    Multi­Disciplinary Role of Atomic Astrophysics: From Stellar Interiors to Cancer Research Via, and biomedical research using nanotechnology for novel methodologies for cancer diagnostics and therapy­ray sources) to precision monochro­ matic spectroscopy for cancer theranostics. A novel methodology

  15. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 163 (2007) 222 Toward an automated parallel computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Mian

    2007-01-01

    Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 163 (2007) 2­22 Toward an automated parallel computing Liange a Laboratory of Computational Geodynamics, Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences has not kept up with the fast growing computing hardware and network resources. In the past decade

  16. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    source for science about the Earth, its natural and living resources, natural hazardsU.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010­1108 Effects of Building a Sand Barrier Berm to Mitigate the Effects of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill on Louisiana

  17. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    younger than ground water in the deep aquifer (Rupert and Plummer, 2004). Water first seeps downU.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2004­3051 July 2004 Ground-Water generally is the same as the rate of sand transport southwestward by water; together, the two mechanisms

  18. Observational Estimates of Entrainment and Vertical Salt Flux in the Interior of a Spreading River Plume

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacCready, Parker

    Observational Estimates of Entrainment and Vertical Salt Flux in the Interior of a Spreading River@ocean.washington.edu #12;Abstract: Observational estimates of entrainment and vertical salt flux into the tidally- pulsed are used to determine the plume depth and entrainment velocity throughout the experiment. This approach

  19. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 170 (2008) 152155 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 170 (2008) 152­155 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/pepi Recent Transport properties of minerals have an important influence on the dynamics and evolution of Earth

  20. Analysis of Slanted Air-gap Structure of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless Field Excitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolbert, Leon M.

    machine, synchronous motors, torque. I. NOMENCLATURE BFE brushless field excitation IPMSM interiorAnalysis of Slanted Air-gap Structure of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM) for application in a hybrid electric vehicle. This unique slanted

  1. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-181. 2002. 649 Snags and Down Wood in the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-181. 2002. 649 Snags and Down Wood in the Interior and Rebecca A. Gravenmier5 Abstract Snags and down wood are major ecosystem and wildlife habitat components Advisory Group of the Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem Management Project modeled snag and down wood

  2. An Interpretation of Baroclinic Initial Value Problems: Results for Simple Basic States with Nonzero Interior PV Gradients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Vries, Hylke

    with Nonzero Interior PV Gradients HYLKE DE VRIES, JOHN METHVEN, AND THOMAS H. A. FRAME Department, where the meridional potential vorticity (PV) gradient is zero, perturbation energy growth can, resonance occurs as interior PV anomalies excite the edge waves, and the Orr mechanism involves only

  3. Some glimpses from helioseismology at the dynamics of the deep solar interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gough, D O

    2015-01-01

    Helioseismology has taught us a great deal about the stratification and kinematics of the solar interior, sufficient for us to embark upon dynamical studies more detailed than have been possible before. The most sophisticated studies to date have been the very impressive numerical simulations of the convection zone, from which, especially in recent years, a great deal has been learnt. Those simulations, and the seismological evidence with which they are being confronted, are reviewed elsewhere in this volume. Our understanding of the global dynamics of the radiative interior of the Sun is in a much more primitive state. Nevertheless, some progress has been made, and seismological inference has provided us with evidence of more to come. Some of that I summarize here, mentioning in passing hints that are pointing the way to the future.

  4. Bounds on the interior geometry and pressure profile of static fluid spheres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damien Martin; Matt Visser

    2003-06-10

    It is a famous result of relativistic stellar structure that (under mild technical conditions) a static fluid sphere satisfies the Buchdahl--Bondi bound 2M/R <= 8/9; the surprise here being that the bound is not 2M/R <= 1. In this article we provide further generalizations of this bound by placing a number of constraints on the interior geometry (the metric components), on the local acceleration due to gravity, on various combinations of the internal density and pressure profiles, and on the internal compactness 2m(r)/r of static fluid spheres. We do this by adapting the standard tool of comparing the generic fluid sphere with a Schwarzschild interior geometry of the same mass and radius -- in particular we obtain several results for the pressure profile (not merely the central pressure) that are considerably more subtle than might first be expected.

  5. Comparison of Jupiter Interior Models Derived from First-Principles Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Militzer; W. B. Hubbard

    2008-07-27

    Recently two groups used first-principles computer simulations to model Jupiter's interior. While both studies relied on the same simulation technique, density functional molecular dynamics, the groups derived very different conclusions. In particular estimates for the size of Jupiter's core and the metallicity of its hydrogen-helium mantle differed substantially. In this paper, we discuss the differences of the approaches and give an explanation for the differing conclusions.

  6. Method of coating the interior surface of hollow objects with a diffusion coating

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Knowles, Shawn D.; Senor, David J.; Forbes, Steven V.; Johnson, Roger N.; Hollenberg, Glenn W.

    2005-03-15

    A method for forming a diffusion coating on the interior of surface of a hollow object wherein a filament, extending through a hollow object and adjacent to the interior surface of the object, is provided, with a coating material, in a vacuum. An electrical current is then applied to the filament to resistively heat the filament to a temperature sufficient to transfer the coating material from the filament to the interior surface of the object. The filament is electrically isolated from the object while the filament is being resistively heated. Preferably, the filament is provided as a tungsten filament or molybdenum filament. Preferably, the coating materials are selected from the group consisting of Ag, Al, As, Au, Ba, Be, Bi, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Dy, Er, Eu, Fe, Ga, Ge, Hg, In, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni P, Pb, Pd, Pr, S, Sb, Sc, Se, Si, Sn, Sr, Te, Tl, Y, Yb, Zn, and combinations thereof. The invention additionally allows for the formation of nitrides, hydrides, or carbides of all the possible coating materials, where such compounds exist, by providing a partial pressure of nitrogen, hydrogen, hydrocarbons, or combination thereof, within the vacuum.

  7. Characterization of Energy Savings and Thermal Comfort Improvements Derived from Using Interior Storm Windows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knox, Jake R.; Widder, Sarah H.

    2013-09-30

    This field study of a single historic home in Seattle, WA documents the performance of Indow Windows’s interior storm window inserts. Energy use and the temperature profile of the house were monitored before and after the installation of the window inserts and changes in the two recorded metrics were examined. Using the defined analysis approach, it was determined that the interior storm windows produced a 22% reduction of the HVAC energy bill and had an undetermined effect on the thermal comfort in the house. Although there was no measurable changes in the thermal comfort of the house, the occupant noted the house to be “warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer” and that the “temperatures are more even (throughout the house).” The interior storm windows were found to be not cost effective, largely due to the retrofits completed on its heating system. However, if the economic analysis was conducted based on the old heating system, a 72% efficient oil fired furnace, the Indow Windows proved to be economical and had a simple payback period of 9.0 years.

  8. Illumination of interior spaces by bended hollow light guides: Application of the theoretical light propagation method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darula, Stanislav; Kocifaj, Miroslav; Kittler, Richard [ICA, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava (Slovakia); Kundracik, Frantisek [Department of Experimental Physics, FMPI, Comenius University, Bratislava (Slovakia)

    2010-12-15

    To ensure comfort and healthy conditions in interior spaces the thermal, acoustics and daylight factors of the environment have to be considered in the building design. Due to effective energy performance in buildings the new technology and applications also in daylight engineering are sought such as tubular light guides. These allow the transport of natural light into the building core reducing energy consumption. A lot of installations with various geometrical and optical properties can be applied in real buildings. The simplest set of tubular light guide consists of a transparent cupola, direct tube with high reflected inner surface and a ceiling cover or diffuser redistributing light into the interior. Such vertical tubular guide is often used on flat roofs. When the roof construction is inclined a bend in the light guide system has to be installed. In this case the cupola is set on the sloped roof which collects sunlight and skylight from the seen part of the sky hemisphere as well as that reflected from the ground and opposite facades. In comparison with the vertical tube some additional light losses and distortions of the propagated light have to be expected in bended tubular light guides. Recently the theoretical model of light propagation was already published and its applications are presented in this study solving illuminance distributions on the ceiling cover interface and further illuminance distribution on the working plane in the interior. (author)

  9. Interior phase transformations and mass-radius relationships of silicon-carbon planets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, Hugh F. [CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering, Parkville, Victoria 3052 (Australia); Militzer, Burkhard, E-mail: hughfw@gmail.com [Department of Earth and Planetary Science and Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

    2014-09-20

    Planets such as 55 Cancri e orbiting stars with a high carbon-to-oxygen ratio may consist primarily of silicon and carbon, with successive layers of carbon, silicon carbide, and iron. The behavior of silicon-carbon materials at the extreme pressures prevalent in planetary interiors, however, has not yet been sufficiently understood. In this work, we use simulations based on density functional theory to determine high-pressure phase transitions in the silicon-carbon system, including the prediction of new stable compounds with Si{sub 2}C and SiC{sub 2} stoichiometry at high pressures. We compute equations of state for these silicon-carbon compounds as a function of pressure, and hence derive interior structural models and mass-radius relationships for planets composed of silicon and carbon. Notably, we predict a substantially smaller radius for SiC planets than in previous models, and find that mass radius relationships for SiC planets are indistinguishable from those of silicate planets. We also compute a new equation of state for iron. We rederive interior models for 55 Cancri e and are able to place more stringent restrictions on its composition.

  10. Surface Tension and Negative Pressure Interior of a Non-Singular `Black Hole'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazur, Pawel O

    2015-01-01

    The constant density interior Schwarzschild solution for a static, spherically symmetric collapsed star has a divergent pressure when its radius $R\\le\\frac{9}{8}R_s=\\frac{9}{4}GM$. We show that this divergence is integrable, and induces a non-isotropic transverse stress with a finite redshifted surface tension on a spherical surface of radius $R_0=3R\\sqrt{1-\\frac{8}{9}\\frac{R}{R_s}}$. For $r < R_0$ the interior Schwarzschild solution exhibits negative pressure. When $R=R_s$, the surface is localized at the Schwarzschild radius itself, $R_0=R_s$, and the solution has constant negative pressure $p =-\\bar\\rho$ everywhere in the interior $r

  11. Accessing interior magnetic field vector components in neutron electric dipole moment experiments via exterior measurements, I. Boundary-value techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Plaster

    2013-09-22

    We propose a new concept for determining the interior magnetic field vector components in neutron electric dipole moment experiments. If a closed three-dimensional boundary surface surrounding the fiducial volume of an experiment can be defined such that its interior encloses no currents or sources of magnetization, each of the interior vector field components and the magnetic scalar potential will satisfy a Laplace equation. Therefore, if either the vector field components or the normal derivative of the scalar potential can be measured on the surface of this boundary, thus defining a Dirichlet or Neumann boundary-value problem, respectively, the interior vector field components or the scalar potential (and, thus, the field components via the gradient of the potential) can be uniquely determined via solution of the Laplace equation. We discuss the applicability of this technique to the determination of the interior magnetic field components during the operating phase of neutron electric dipole moment experiments when it is not, in general, feasible to perform direct in situ measurements of the interior field components. We also study the specifications that a vector field probe must satisfy in order to determine the interior vector field components to a certain precision. The technique we propose here may also be applicable to experiments requiring monitoring of the vector magnetic field components within some closed boundary surface, such as searches for neutron-antineutron oscillations along a flight path or measurements in storage rings of the muon anomalous magnetic moment $g-2$ and the proton electric dipole moment.

  12. effects of cattle grazing on birds in interior douglas-fir forests of british columbia 1JEM--VoluME 12, NuMbEr 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    effects of cattle grazing on birds in interior douglas-fir forests of british columbia 1JEM. Newbury, and D.J. Green. 2011. Effects of Cattle Grazing on Birds in Interior Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga Effects of Cattle Grazing on Birds in Interior Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) Forests of British

  13. Electronic detection of molecules on the exterior and molecular transport through the interior of single walled carbon nanotubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Chang Young

    2010-01-01

    Single walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) are unique materials with high surface to volume ratio and all atoms residing on the surface. Due to their tubular shape both exterior and interior of the SWNT are available for ...

  14. Ornament after the orders : Percier, Fontaine and the rise of the architectural interior in post-revolutionary France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moon, Iris (Iris Jee)

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation explores the collaborative work in interior decoration undertaken by the French architects Charles Percier (1764-1838) and Pierre-François-Léonard Fontaine (1762- 1853), in order to argue that their shared ...

  15. United states Department of the Interior, Oscar L. Chapman, Fish and fildl i fe Service , Albert f1 . Day, Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United states Department of the Interior, Oscar L. Chapman, Fish and fildl i fe Service , Albert f1 are equipped with motors with the propeller mounted on one side. Others have twin engines with propellers

  16. ILLINOIS STATE GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Interior Cratonic Basins, 1991, edited by M. W. Leighton, D. R. Kalata, D. F. Oltz,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bethke, Craig

    ILLINOIS STATE GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Interior Cratonic Basins, 1991, edited by M. W. Leighton, D. R deformation along the plate margins. DONALD F. OLTZ Illinois State Geological Survey Champaign, Illinois

  17. Portable broadband seismic network in Vietnam for investigating tectonic deformation, the Earth's interior, and early-warning systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    's interior, and early-warning systems for earthquakes and tsunamis Bor-Shouh Huang a,*, Tu Son Le b , Chun for upgrades to enable the real-time trans- mission of data for earthquake monitoring and tsunami warnings

  18. United states Department of the Interior, Oscar L. Chapman, Secret ary Fish and Wildlife Service, Albert M. Day, Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United states Department of the Interior, Oscar L. Chapman, Secret ary Fish and Wildlife Service in the water by means of floats on the top line and held downward by weights on the bottom line to act

  19. A review of "Being Interior: Autobiography and the Contradictions of Modernity in Seventeenth-Century France." by Nicholas D. Paige 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zahi Zalloua

    2002-01-01

    : Autobiography and the Contradic- tions of Modernity in Seventeenth-Century France. Philadelphia: Uni- versity of Pennsylvania Press, 2001. ix + 299 pp. + 4 illus. $55.00. Review by ZAHI ZALLOUA, PRINCETON UNIVERSITY. Nicholas D. Paige?s Being Interior... of subordination, understood as the deprivation of agency?? (4). This essentially Foucauldian insight is confirmed in the early writings REVIEWS 73 of religious autobiography. Motivated by two contradictory im- pulses, the turn to interiority is seen at once...

  20. Building America Case Study: Raised Ceiling Interior Duct System, New Smyrna, Florida (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-09-01

    One of BA-PIRC's longtime Habitat for Humanity partners, S.E. Volusia CO (SEVHFH), was interested in building a home to the new Challenge Home standards. SEVHFH routinely builds ENERGY STAR V3.1 homes. The only modification to their design needed to comply with the Challenge Home criteria was the interior duct requirement. Unwilling to incur the added costs of a foam roof deck or wall heights above 8 feet to accommodate a fur-down chase SEVHFH opted to build a fur-up or raised ceiling chase.

  1. Effect of Side Permanent Magnets for Reluctance Interior Permanent Magnet Reluctance Machines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hsu, John S; Lee, Seong T; Wiles, Randy H; Coomer, Chester; Lowe, Kirk T

    2007-01-01

    A traditional electric machine uses two dimensional magnetic flux paths in its rotor. This paper presents the development work on the utilization of the third dimension of a rotor. As an example, the air gap flux of a radial gap interior permanent magnet motor can be significantly enhanced by additional permanent magnets (PM) mounted at the sides of the rotor. A prototype motor built with this concept provided higher efficiency and required a shorter stator core length for the same power output as the Toyota/Prius traction drive motor.

  2. Transitions from near-surface to interior redox upon lithiation in conversion electrode materials

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    He, Kai [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Xin, Huolin L. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Zhao, Kejie [MIT (Massachusetts Inst. of Technology), Cambridge, MA (United States); Yu, Xiqian [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Norlund, Dennis [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Weng, Tsu-Chien [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Li, Jing [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States); Jiang, Yi [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States); Cadigan, Christopher A. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States); Richards, Ryan M. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States); Doeff, Marca M. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Yang, Xiao-Qing [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Stach, Eric A. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Li, Ju [MIT (Massachusetts Inst. of Technology), Cambridge, MA (United States); Lin, Feng [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Su, Dong [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States)

    2015-02-11

    Nanoparticle electrodes in lithium-ion batteries have both near-surface and interior contributions to their redox capacity, each with distinct rate capabilities. Using combined electron microscopy, synchrotron X-ray methods and ab initio calculations, we have investigated the lithiation pathways that occur in NiO electrodes. We find that the near-surface electroactive (Ni²??Ni?) sites saturated very quickly, and then encounter unexpected difficulty in propagating the phase transition into the electrode (referred to as a “shrinking-core” mode). However, the interior capacity for Ni²??Ni? can be accessed efficiently following the nucleation of lithiation “fingers” which propagate into the sample bulk, but only after a certain incubation time. Our microstructural observations of the transition from a slow shrinking-core mode to a faster lithiation finger mode corroborate with synchrotron characterization of large-format batteries, and can be rationalized by stress effects on transport at high-rate discharge. The finite incubation time of the lithiation fingers sets the intrinsic limitation for the rate capability (and thus the power) of NiO for electrochemical energy storage devices. The present work unravels the link between the nanoscale reaction pathways and the C-rate-dependent capacity loss, and provides guidance for the further design of battery materials that favors high C-rate charging.

  3. Transitions from near-surface to interior redox upon lithiation in conversion electrode materials

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    He, Kai; Xin, Huolin L.; Zhao, Kejie; Yu, Xiqian; Norlund, Dennis; Weng, Tsu-Chien; Li, Jing; Jiang, Yi; Cadigan, Christopher A.; Richards, Ryan M.; et al

    2015-01-29

    Nanoparticle electrodes in lithium-ion batteries have both near-surface and interior contributions to their redox capacity, each with distinct rate capabilities. Using combined electron microscopy, synchrotron X-ray methods and ab initio calculations, we have investigated the lithiation pathways that occur in NiO electrodes. We find that the near-surface electroactive (Ni²??Ni?) sites saturated very quickly, and then encounter unexpected difficulty in propagating the phase transition into the electrode (referred to as a “shrinking-core” mode). However, the interior capacity for Ni²??Ni? can be accessed efficiently following the nucleation of lithiation “fingers” which propagate into the sample bulk, but only after a certain incubationmore »time. Our microstructural observations of the transition from a slow shrinking-core mode to a faster lithiation finger mode corroborate with synchrotron characterization of large-format batteries, and can be rationalized by stress effects on transport at high-rate discharge. The finite incubation time of the lithiation fingers sets the intrinsic limitation for the rate capability (and thus the power) of NiO for electrochemical energy storage devices. The present work unravels the link between the nanoscale reaction pathways and the C-rate-dependent capacity loss, and provides guidance for the further design of battery materials that favors high C-rate charging.« less

  4. Bibliography, geophysical data locations, and well core listings for the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-05-01

    To date, comprehensive basin analysis and petroleum system modeling studies have not been performed on any of the basins in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico. Of these basins, the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin has been selected for study because it is the most petroliferous basin in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico, small- and medium-size companies are drilling the majority of the exploration wells. These companies do not have the resources to perform basin analysis or petroleum system modeling research studies nor do they have the resources to undertake elaborate information searches through the volumes of publicly available data at the universities, geological surveys, and regulatory agencies in the region. The Advanced Geologic Basin Analysis Program of the US Department of Energy provides an avenue for studying and evaluating sedimentary basins. This program is designed to improve the efficiency of the discovery of the nation`s remaining undiscovered oil resources by providing improved access to information available in the public domain and by increasing the amount of public information on domestic basins. This report provides the information obtained from Year 1 of this study of the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin. The work during Year 1 focused on inventorying the data files and records of the major information repositories in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico and making these inventories easily accessible in an electronic format.

  5. PACIFICA (PACIFic ocean Interior CArbon) Database: A Data Synthesis Resource (NDP-92, ORNL/CDIAC-159)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Suzuki, T.; Ishii, M.; Aoyama, M. R; Christian, J. R.; Enyo, K.; Kawano, T.; Key, R. M.; Kosugi, N.; Kozyr, A.; Miller, L. A.; Murata, A.; Nakano, T.; Ono, T.; Saino, T.; Sasaki, K.; Sasano, D; Takatani, Y.; Wakita, M.; Sabine, C.

    PACIFICA (PACIFic ocean Interior CArbon) was an international collaborative project for synthesis of data on ocean interior carbon and its related parameters in the Pacific Ocean. The North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES), Section on Carbon and Climate (S-CC) supported the project. Hydrographic/hydrochemical datasets have been merged from a total of 272 cruises, including those from cruises conducted between the late 1980s and 2000 but not included in GLODAP, as well as CLIVAR/CO2 Repeat Hydrography datasets from the 2000s. Adjustments were calculated to account for analytical offsets in dissolved inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, salinity, oxygen, and nutrients (nitrate and nitrite, phosphate, and silicic acid) for each cruise as a result of the secondary quality control procedure, based on crossover analysis using data from deep layers (Tanhua et al., 2010). A total of 59 adjusted datasets from Line P off the west coast of Canada were also merged. Finally, the authors have produced the adjusted PACIFICA database that consists of datasets from a total of 306 cruises that also includes 34 datasets from WOCE Hydrographic Program cruises in the Pacific Ocean conducted in the 1990s. The PACIFICA database is available free of charge as a numeric data package (NDP-92) from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) and the primary PACIFICA data site at pacifica.pices.jp. The NDP consists of the original cruise data files, adjusted data product, and the documentation.

  6. MnO{sub 2}@colloid carbon spheres nanocomposites with tunable interior architecture for supercapacitors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Yuxin; Liu, Chuanpu; Wen, Zhongquan

    2014-01-01

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • MnO{sub 2}@CSs nanocomposites have been successfully synthesized in room temperature. • The composites exhibited three structures: core–shell, yolk–shell and hollow structure. • The yolk–shell structure exhibited a high specific capacitance and cycling stability. - Abstract: MnO{sub 2}@colloid carbon spheres nanocomposites with tunable interior architecture have been synthesized by a facile and cost-effective strategy at room temperature. The structure and morphology of as-prepared nanocomposites were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), nitrogen adsorption, focused ion beam scanning electron microscopy (FIB/SEM) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). The as-obtained composites exhibited a three-dimensional architecture with core–shell, yolk–shell and hollow interior structure. Furthermore, the electrochemical properties of composites were evaluated by cycle voltammetric (CV) and galvanostatic charge–discharge measurements. The yolk–shell structure exhibited the optimized pseudocapacitance performance, revealing a specific capacitance (273 F g{sup ?1}) with a good rate and cycling stability, owing to its unique structure and the poor crystallinity of MnO{sub 2} nanofilms. Therefore, this facile synthetic strategy could be useful to design and synthesis of tunable nanostructures with enhanced supercapacitor behavior.

  7. Gravastars with an Interior Dark Energy Fluid Forming a Naked Singularity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. F. C. Brandt; R. Chan; M. F. A. da Silva; P. Rocha

    2011-12-21

    We consider a gravastar model made of anisotropic dark energy with an infinitely thin spherical shell of a perfect fluid with the equation of state $p = (1-\\gamma)\\sigma$ with an external de Sitter-Schwarzschild region. It is found that in some cases the models represent the "bounded excursion" stable gravastars, where the thin shell is oscillating between two finite radii, while in other cases they collapse until the formation of black holes or naked singularities. An interesting result is that we can have black hole and stable gravastar formation even with an interior and a shell cons tituted of dark and repulsive dark energy, as also shown in previous work. Besides, in one case we have a dynamical evolution to a black hole (for $\\Lambda =0$) or to a naked singularity (for $\\Lambda > 0$). This is the first time in the literature that a naked singularity emerges from a gravastar model.

  8. Technology Solutions Case Study: Raised Ceiling Interior Duct System, New Smyrna, Florida

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-09-01

    Builder S.E. Volusia County Habitat for Humanity (SEVHFH) was interested in constructing a home to the new U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Zero Energy Ready Home standards. SEVHFH partners with DOE team Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction on Habitat for Humanity homes and routinely builds to ENERGY STAR V3.1. The only modification to the design needed to comply with the Zero Energy Ready Home criteria was the interior duct requirement. Unwilling to incur the added costs of a foam roof deck or wall heights that exceed 8 ft to accommodate a fur-down chase, SEVHFH opted to build a fur-up or raised ceiling chase. This case study describes the project.

  9. Hydrogen-Water Mixtures in Giant Planet Interiors Studied with Ab Initio Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soubiran, Francois

    2015-01-01

    We study water-hydrogen mixtures under planetary interior conditions using ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. We determine the thermodynamic properties of various water-hydrogen mixing ratios at temperatures of 2000 and 6000 K for pressures of a few tens of GPa. These conditions are relevant for ice giant planets and for the outer envelope of the gas giants. We find that at 2000 K the mixture is in a molecular regime, while at 6000 K the dissociation of hydrogen and water is important and affects the thermodynamic properties. We study the structure of the liquid and analyze the radial distribution function. We provide estimates for the transport properties, diffusion and viscosity, based on autocorrelation functions. We obtained viscosity estimates of the order of a few tenths of mPa.s for the conditions under consideration. These results are relevant for dynamo simulations of ice giant planets.

  10. Modeling the VOC emissions from interior latex paint applied to gypsum board

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guo, Z.; Fortmann, R.; Marfiak, S.; Tichenor, B.; Sparks, L.

    1997-09-01

    The paper discusses modeling volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from indoor latex paint applied to gypsum board. An empirical source model for a porous substrate was developed that takes both the wet- and dry-stage emission into consideration. Tests in the U.S. EPA`s Source Characterization Laboratory showed that common interior surfaces such as gypsum board and carpet could absorb significant amounts of latex paint VOCS from the air, and that they were re-emitted very slowly. An indoor air quality model incorporating the source model, an irreversible sink model, and the air movement data obtained from tracer gas tests made satisfactory predictions for the VOC levels in a test house.

  11. Confinement of the Sun's interior magnetic field: some exact boundary-layer solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. S. Wood; M. E. McIntyre

    2007-09-10

    High-latitude laminar confinement of the Sun's interior magnetic field is shown to be possible, as originally proposed by Gough and McIntyre (1998) but contrary to a recent claim by Brun and Zahn (A&A 2006). Mean downwelling as weak as 2x10^-6cm/s -- gyroscopically pumped by turbulent stresses in the overlying convection zone and/or tachocline -- can hold the field in advective-diffusive balance within a confinement layer of thickness scale ~ 1.5Mm ~ 0.002 x (solar radius) while transmitting a retrograde torque to the Ferraro-constrained interior. The confinement layer sits at the base of the high-latitude tachocline, near the top of the radiative envelope and just above the `tachopause' marking the top of the helium settling layer. A family of exact, laminar, frictionless, axisymmetric confinement-layer solutions is obtained for uniform downwelling in the limit of strong rotation and stratification. A scale analysis shows that the flow is dynamically stable and the assumption of laminar flow realistic. The solution remains valid for downwelling values of the order of 10^-5cm/s but not much larger. This suggests that the confinement layer may be unable to accept a much larger mass throughput. Such a restriction would imply an upper limit on possible internal field strengths, perhaps of the order of hundreds of gauss, and would have implications also for ventilation and lithium burning. The solutions have interesting chirality properties not mentioned in the paper owing to space restrictions, but described at http://www.atmos-dynamics.damtp.cam.ac.uk/people/mem/papers/SQBO/solarfigure.html

  12. Basin Analysis of the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin and Petroleum System Modeling of the Jurassic Smackover Formation, Eastern Gulf Coastal Plain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mancini, Ernest A.

    2003-02-06

    The project objectives are improving access to information for the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin by inventorying data files and records of the major information repositories in the region, making these inventories easily accessible in electronic format, increasing the amount of information available on domestic sedimentary basins through a comprehensive analysis of the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin, and enhancing the understanding of the petroleum systems operating in the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin.

  13. Deviation Between ?13C and Leaf Intercellular Co2 in Salix Interior Cuttings Developing Under Low Light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le Roux-Swarthout, Debbie J.; Terwilliger, Valery J.; Martin, Craig E.

    2001-01-01

    these hypotheses by sprouting cuttings of Salix interior under wet and dry soil?moisture conditions in a controlled environmental chamber. Plants were defoliated after 56 d, and watering treatments were then reversed for half of the plants in each treatment. The ?...

  14. Solving Real-World Linear Ordering Problems Using a Primal-Dual Interior Point Cutting Plane Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, John E.

    Solving Real-World Linear Ordering Problems Using a Primal-Dual Interior Point Cutting Plane Method to the next. A cutting plane algorithm for solving the linear ordering problem is described. This algorithm problems with linear programming methodology use the simplex method to solve the linear programs

  15. Abstract --For high-speed machines applications, eddy-current losses in the interior permanent magnet of synchronous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Abstract -- For high-speed machines applications, eddy- current losses in the interior permanent carries out a prediction of eddy current losses in PM where the skin effect is considered. A complete by analytical method. Index Terms-- High speed, Permanent magnet machines, Eddy-currents, power losses, skin

  16. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 154 (2006) 196207 Lower mantle dynamics with the post-perovskite phase change,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    2006-01-01

    Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 154 (2006) 196­207 Lower mantle dynamics with the post-perovskite; accepted 9 October 2005 Abstract The new post-perovskite phase near the core­mantle boundary has important change at 670 km depth and an exothermic post-perovskite transition at 2650 km depth. The phase

  17. UNITED STATES "DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, Fred A. Seaton, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, Arnie J. Suomela, Commissioner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . S. Government Printing Office Washington 25, D. C. Price 35 cents #12;Library of Congress catalog. of the Interior. Library for Library of Congress Library of Congress catalog card fOl' the series, Fishery of Grebe Lake fishes .... .. __________ _______ :31 8 Spawning area!! .. .. ___ 318 Time and water

  18. Volcanic Ash Fall--A "Hard Rain" of Abrasive Particles U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V Volcanic Ash Fall--A "Hard Rain" of Abrasive Particles U.S. Department of the Interior U olcanic ash consists of tiny jagged particles of rock and natural glass blasted into the air by a volcano. Ash can threaten the health of people and live- stock, pose a hazard to flying jet aircraft, damage

  19. Large-Scale Climate Controls of Interior Alaska River Ice Breakup PETER A. BIENIEK AND UMA S. BHATT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhatt, Uma

    , Canada, breakup is controlled by run- off from snowmelt at higher elevations and river flowLarge-Scale Climate Controls of Interior Alaska River Ice Breakup PETER A. BIENIEK AND UMA S. BHATT, Alaska LARRY A. RUNDQUIST AND SCOTT D. LINDSEY NOAA/National Weather Service, Alaska-Pacific River

  20. Stratigraphy and structure of interior layered deposits in west Candor Chasma, Mars, from High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) stereo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Stratigraphy and structure of interior layered deposits in west Candor Chasma, Mars, from High the stratigraphy of two adjacent mounds. Layering tends to dip in the same direction as the local topographic slope rotations. The stratigraphy of two adjacent mounds correlates, but the thicknesses of the units differ. Most

  1. Maps and Masses of Transiting Exoplanets: Towards New Insights into Atmospheric and Interior Properties of Planets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Wit, Julien

    2015-01-01

    With over 1800 planets discovered outside of the Solar System in the past two decades, the field of exoplanetology has broadened our perspective on planetary systems. Research priorities are now moving from planet detection to planet characterization. In this context, transiting exoplanets are of special interest due to the wealth of data made available by their orbital configuration. Here, I introduce two methods to gain new insights into the atmospheric and interior properties of exoplanets. The first method aims to map an exoplanet's atmosphere based on the scanning obtained while it is occulted by its host star. I introduce the basics of eclipse mapping, its caveats, and a framework to mitigate their effects via global analyses including transits, phase curves, and radial velocity measurements. I use this method to create the first 2D map and the first cloud map of an exoplanet for the hot-Jupiters HD189733b and Kepler-7b, respectively. Ultimately temperature, composition, and circulation patterns could b...

  2. INVESTIGATION OF BREAKDOWN INDUCED SURFACE DAMAGE ON 805 MHZ PILLBOX CAVITY INTERIOR SURFACES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jana, M.R.; Chung, M.; Leonova, M.; Moretti, A.; Tollestrup,A.; Yonehara, K.; Freemire, B.; Torun, Y.; Bowring, D.; Flanagan, G.

    2013-09-25

    The MuCool Test Area (MTA) at Fermilab is a facility to develop the technology required for ionization cooling for a future Muon Collider and/or Neutrino Factory. As part of this research program, we have tested two 805 MHz vacuum RF cavities in a multi-Tesla magnetic field to study the effects of the static magnetic field on the cavity operation. This study gives useful information on field emitters in the cavity, dark current, surface conditioning, breakdown mechanisms and material properties of the cavity. All these factors determine the maximum accelerating gradient in the cavity. This paper discusses the image processing technique for quantitative estimation of spark damage spot distribution on cavity interior surfaces. The distribution is compared with the electric field distribution predicted by a computer code calculation. The local spark density is proportional to probability of surface breakdown and shows a power law dependence on the maximum electric field (E). This E dependence is consistent with the dark current calculated from the Fowler-Nordheim equation.

  3. Abstract--In this paper a closed-form 2D analytical model developed for the estimation of eddy current loss in interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noé, Reinhold

    current loss in interior permanent magnet machines is presented. To check the generality of the developed model, two different types of commonly employed interior permanent magnet machines are considered. 2D of 2 as in applications like hybrid and pure electric cars [1]. These motors are fed from an inverter

  4. Proc. July 2007 Conf. on Unsolved Problems in Stellar Physics, Amer. Inst. of Physics, in press. Confinement of the Sun's interior magnetic field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    . Confinement of the Sun's interior magnetic field: some exact boundary-layer solutions T. S. Wood and M. E. Mc. The profiles of velocity and magnetic field within the confinement layer are fixed by two external conditions, solar tachocline, interior magnetic field confinement, Ferraro constraint, helium settling layer, helium

  5. Regular black hole remnants and graviatoms with de Sitter interior as heavy dark matter candidates probing inhomogeneity of early universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dymnikova, Irina

    2015-01-01

    We address the question of regular primordial black holes with de Sitter interior, their remnants and gravitational vacuum solitons G-lumps as heavy dark matter candidates providing signatures for inhomogeneity of early universe, which is severely constrained by the condition that the contribution of these objects in the modern density does not exceed the total density of dark matter. Primordial black holes and their remnants seem to be most elusive among dark matter candidates. However, we reveal a nontrivial property of compact objects with de Sitter interior to induce proton decay or decay of neutrons in neutron stars. The point is that they can form graviatoms, binding electrically charged particles. Their observational signatures as dark matter candidates provide also signatures for inhomogeneity of the early universe. In graviatoms, the cross-section of the induced proton decay is strongly enhanced, what provides the possibility of their experimental searches. We predict proton decay paths induced by gr...

  6. Condition Assessment Survey (CAS) Program. Deficiency standards and inspections methods manual: Volume 6, 0.06 Interior construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-05-01

    General information is presented for asset determinant factor/CAS repair codes/CAS cost factors; guide sheet tool & material listing; testing methods; inspection frequency; standard system design life tables; system work breakdown structure; and general system/material data. Deficiency standards and inspection methods are presented for conventional and specialty partitions, toilet partitions & accessories, interior doors, paint finishes/coatings/ wall covering systems; floor finishing systems; and ceiling systems.

  7. Microdevice having interior cavity with high aspect ratio surface features and associated methods of manufacture and use

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morales, Alfredo M. (Pleasanton, CA)

    2002-01-01

    A microdevice having interior cavity with high aspect ratio features and ultrasmooth surfaces, and associated method of manufacture and use is described. An LIGA-produced shaped bit is used to contour polish the surface of a sacrificial mandrel. The contoured sacrificial mandrel is subsequently coated with a structural material and the mandrel removed to produce microdevices having micrometer-sized surface features and sub-micrometer RMS surface roughness.

  8. 16,000-rpm Interior Permanent Magnet Reluctance Machine with Brushless Field Excitation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hsu, J.S.; Burress, T.A.; Lee, S.T.; Wiles, R.H.; Coomer, C.L.; McKeever, J.W.; Adams, D.J.

    2007-10-31

    The reluctance interior permanent magnet (RIPM) motor is currently used by many leading auto manufacturers for hybrid vehicles. The power density for this type of motor is high compared with that of induction motors and switched reluctance motors. The primary drawback of the RIPM motor is the permanent magnet (PM) because during high-speed operation, the fixed PM produces a huge back electromotive force (emf) that must be reduced before the current will pass through the stator windings. This reduction in back-emf is accomplished with a significant direct-axis (d-axis) demagnetization current, which opposes the PM's flux to reduce the flux seen by the stator wires. This may lower the power factor and efficiency of the motor and raise the requirement on the alternate current (ac) power supply; consequently, bigger inverter switching components, thicker motor winding conductors, and heavier cables are required. The direct current (dc) link capacitor is also affected when it must accommodate heavier harmonic currents. It is commonly agreed that, for synchronous machines, the power factor can be optimized by varying the field excitation to minimize the current. The field produced by the PM is fixed and cannot be adjusted. What can be adjusted is reactive current to the d-axis of the stator winding, which consumes reactive power but does not always help to improve the power factor. The objective of this project is to avoid the primary drawbacks of the RIPM motor by introducing brushless field excitation (BFE). This offers both high torque per ampere (A) per core length at low speed by using flux, which is enhanced by increasing current to a fixed excitation coil, and flux, which is weakened at high speed by reducing current to the excitation coil. If field weakening is used, the dc/dc boost converter used in a conventional RIPM motor may be eliminated to reduce system costs. However, BFE supports a drive system with a dc/dc boost converter, because it can further extend the constant power speed range of the drive system and adjust the field for power factor and efficiency gains. Lower core losses at low torque regions, especially at high speeds, are attained by reducing the field excitation. Safety and reliability are increased by weakening the field when a winding short-circuit fault occurs, preventing damage to the motor. For a high-speed motor operating at 16,000-revolutions per minute (rpm), mechanical stress is a challenge. Bridges that link the rotor punching segments together must be thickened for mechanical integrity; consequently, increased rotor flux leakage significantly lowers motor performance. This barrier can be overcome by BFE to ensure sufficient rotor flux when needed.

  9. Schematic Design of a Hybrid STM/SNOM forSchematic Design of a Hybrid STM/SNOM for Spintronics & OptoelectronicsSpintronics & Optoelectronics the Interiorthe Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeh, Nai-Chang

    Schematic Design of a Hybrid STM/SNOM forSchematic Design of a Hybrid STM/SNOM for Spintronics & OptoelectronicsSpintronics & Optoelectronics ­­ the Interiorthe Interior The z-stage of the STM head w

  10. U.S. Department of the Interior June 2001 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for ball clay (30% and 25%, respectively); foundry sand (25%), pet waste absorbent (22%), drilling mud (19. Gonzales Utah * Redmond Clay and Salt Co. Inc. Sanpete * Western Clay Co. Sevier Wyoming * American Colloid Johnson, Natrona, Washakie * M-I Drilling Fluids Inc. Big Horn * Wyo-Ben Inc. Big Horn *Asterisk indicates

  11. Power-Factor Calculation under Consideration of Cross Saturation of the Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless Field Excitation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Seong T [ORNL; Burress, Timothy A [ORNL; Hsu, John S [ORNL

    2009-01-01

    This paper introduces a new method for calculating the power factor with consideration of the cross saturation between the direct-axis (d-axis) and the quadrature-axis (q-axis) of an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM). The conventional two-axis IPMSM model is modified to include the cross-saturation effect by adding the cross-coupled inductance terms. This paper also contains the new method of calculating the cross-coupled inductance values as well as self-inductance values in d- and q-axes. The analyzed motor is a high-speed brushless field excitation machine that offers high torque per ampere per core length at low speed and weakened flux at high speed, which was developed for the traction motor of a hybrid electric vehicle.

  12. Visual Comfort Analysis of Innovative Interior and Exterior Shading Systems for Commercial Buildings using High Resolution Luminance Images

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Konis, Kyle; Lee, Eleanor; Clear, Robert

    2011-01-11

    The objective of this study was to explore how calibrated high dynamic range (HDR) images (luminance maps) acquired in real world daylit environments can be used to characterize, evaluate, and compare visual comfort conditions of innovative facade shading and light-redirecting systems. Detailed (1536 x 1536 pixel) luminance maps were time-lapse acquired from two view positions in an unoccupied full scale testbed facility. These maps were analyzed using existing visual comfort metrics to quantify how innovative interior and exterior shading systems compare to conventional systems under real sun and sky conditions over a solstice-to-solstice test interval. The results provide a case study in the challenges and potential of methods of visualizing, evaluating and summarizing daily and seasonal variation of visual comfort conditions computed from large sets of image data.

  13. Genetic and Phenotypic Catalog of Native Resident Trout of the interior Columbia River Basin : FY-2001 Report : Populations in the Wenatchee, Entiat, Lake Chelan and Methow River Drainages.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trotter, Patrick C.

    2001-10-01

    The 1994 Fish and Wildlife Program of the Northwest Power Planning Council specifies the recovery and preservation of population health of native resident fishes of the Columbia River Basin. Among the native resident species of concern are interior rainbow trout of the Columbia River redband subspecies Oncorhynchus mykiss gairdneri 1 and westslope cutthroat trout O. clarki lewisi. The westslope cutthroat trout has been petitioned for listing under the U. S. Endangered Species Act (American Wildlands et al. 1997). Before at-risk populations can be protected, their presence and status must be established. Where introgression from introduced species is a concern, as in the case of both westslope cutthroat trout and redband rainbow trout, genetic issues must be addressed as well. As is true with native trout elsewhere in the western United States (Behnke 1992), most of the remaining pure populations of these species in the Columbia River Basin are in relatively remote headwater reaches. The objective of this project was to photo-document upper Columbia Basin native resident trout populations in Washington, and to ascertain their species or subspecies identity and relative genetic purity using a nonlethal DNA technique. FY-2001 was year three (and final year) of a project in which we conducted field visits to remote locations to seek out and catalog these populations. In FY-2001 we worked in collaboration with the Wenatchee National Forest to catalog populations in the Wenatchee, Entiat, Lake Chelan, and Methow River drainages of Washington State.

  14. Biogeochemical Evolution of the Western Interior Basin of North America during a Kasimovian Highstand and Regression 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Sikhar

    2012-02-14

    of selected major and trace elements, including iron (Fe), calcium (Ca), sulfur (S), molybdenum (Mo), zinc (Zn), vanadium (V), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), titanium (Ti), zircon (Zr), potassium (K) and phosphorous (P). Canfield and Thamdrup's (2009...

  15. Cooling Neutron Stars and Super uidity in Their Interiors D.G. Yakovlev, K.P. Leven sh, Yu.A. Shibanov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooling Neutron Stars and Super uidity in Their Interiors D.G. Yakovlev, K.P. Leven#12;sh, Yu). The results are used for cooling simulations of isolated neutron stars. Both, the standard cooling and the cooling enhanced by the direct Urca process, are strongly a#11;ected by nucleon super uidity. Comparison

  16. The effects of fire on the thermal stability of permafrost in lowland and upland black spruce forests of interior Alaska in a changing climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ickert-Bond, Steffi

    .1088/1748-9326/8/3/035030 The effects of fire on the thermal stability of permafrost in lowland and upland black spruce forests of the organic layer in the black spruce forest ecosystems of interior Alaska. Fire that burns the organic layer determine post-fire ground temperature dynamics in lowland and upland black spruce forests? (2) What levels

  17. Field studies of exterior-only applications with fipronil (Termidor SC) for the post-construction control of interior populations of subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waite, Troy David

    2005-02-17

    Thirty-two privately owned structures were treated with a 0.06% exterior and interior, 0.06% exterior-only, or 0.125% exterior-only application of fipronil (Termidor SC®) in order to compare their efficacies in the post-construction control...

  18. Impact of Solar Control PVB Glass on Vehicle Interior Temperatures, Air-Conditioning Capacity, Fuel Consumption, and Vehicle Range

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rugh, J.; Chaney, L.; Venson, T.; Ramroth, L.; Rose, M.

    2013-04-01

    The objective of the study was to assess the impact of Saflex1 S-series Solar Control PVB (polyvinyl butyral) configurations on conventional vehicle fuel economy and electric vehicle (EV) range. The approach included outdoor vehicle thermal soak testing, RadTherm cool-down analysis, and vehicle simulations. Thermal soak tests were conducted at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Vehicle Testing and Integration Facility in Golden, Colorado. The test results quantified interior temperature reductions and were used to generate initial conditions for the RadTherm cool-down analysis. The RadTherm model determined the potential reduction in air-conditioning (A/C) capacity, which was used to calculate the A/C load for the vehicle simulations. The vehicle simulation tool identified the potential reduction in fuel consumption or improvement in EV range between a baseline and modified configurations for the city and highway drive cycles. The thermal analysis determined a potential 4.0% reduction in A/C power for the Saflex Solar PVB solar control configuration. The reduction in A/C power improved the vehicle range of EVs and fuel economy of conventional vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.

  19. Technology report INTERIORS IMATERIALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    by 40% Today's electric vehicle (EV) batteries can pro- vide only enough power to propel them 100 mi bank. Thermal battery "A thermal battery charges and discharges much like an electrical battery, except, Mexico,United Kingdom, Taiwan, Russia, Belarus, Egypt, Hong Kong, Romania,Italy, Malaysia, Ukraine

  20. Z .Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 110 1999 2141 Seismological structure of the upper mantle: a regional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaherty, James

    : old ;100 Ma Pacific Z .plate, younger ;40 Ma Philippine Sea plate, and Precambrian western Australia discontinuity separating them. The G is Z . Z .significantly deeper beneath the western Philippine Sea plate depth; shallow and bright beneath the Pacific, deep and dim beneath Australia and the Philippine Sea

  1. Research Results from A Few Alternate Methods of Interior Duct Systems in Factory Built Housing Located In the Hot Humid Climate 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moyer, N.; Stroer, D.; Hoak, D.; McIlvaine, J.; Chandra, S.

    2008-01-01

    were 15.3% and 20.2% (5.8% improvement for duct design). The MHLab had the largest savings compared to the benchmark of 30.5% and 33.4% (4.1% improvement with interior ducts). DUCT DESIGN The Title 24 HUD Code Sec. 3280.511 Comfort cooling... 30% to 50% savings in whole- house energy use through a combination of energy efficiency and renewable energy measures. BAIHP focuses on factory builders (HUD code, Modular and Panelized), which is the housing segment not emphasized by the other...

  2. United States Department of the Interior, Oscar L. Chapman, Secretary Fish and Wildlife Service, Albert M. Day, Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in marine waters, has become well established in the Great Lakes and in the lakes of western and northern through which the lamprey breathes. These open internally into a canal below the esophagus and communicating vdth it near the mouth. The single nostril, on top of the head, is a blind sac Instead of a mouth

  3. Modeling the effects of fire severity and climate warming on active layer thickness and soil carbon storage of black spruce forests across the landscape in interior Alaska

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Genet, Helene [Institute of Arctic Biology (IAB), University of Alaska, Fairbanks (UAF)] [Institute of Arctic Biology (IAB), University of Alaska, Fairbanks (UAF); McGuire, A. David [University of Alaska] [University of Alaska; Barrett, K. [USGS Alaska Science Center] [USGS Alaska Science Center; Breen, Amy [International Arctic Research Center, SNAP, University of Alaska, Fairbanks (UAF)] [International Arctic Research Center, SNAP, University of Alaska, Fairbanks (UAF); Euskirchen, Eugenie S [University of Alaska] [University of Alaska; Johnstone, J. F. [University of Saskatchewan] [University of Saskatchewan; Kasischke, Eric S. [University of Maryland, College Park] [University of Maryland, College Park; Melvin, A. M. [University of Florida, Gainesville] [University of Florida, Gainesville; Bennett, A. [International Arctic Research Center, SNAP, University of Alaska, Fairbanks (UAF)] [International Arctic Research Center, SNAP, University of Alaska, Fairbanks (UAF); Mack, M. C. [University of Florida, Gainesville] [University of Florida, Gainesville; Rupp, Scott T. [International Arctic Research Center, SNAP, University of Alaska, Fairbanks (UAF)] [International Arctic Research Center, SNAP, University of Alaska, Fairbanks (UAF); Schuur, Edward [University of Florida] [University of Florida; Turetsky, M. R. [University of Guelph, Canada] [University of Guelph, Canada; Yuan, Fengming [ORNL] [ORNL

    2013-01-01

    There is a substantial amount of carbon stored in the permafrost soils of boreal forest ecosystems, where it is currently protected from decomposition. The surface organic horizons insulate the deeper soil from variations in atmospheric temperature. The removal of these insulating horizons through consumption by fire increases the vulnerability of permafrost to thaw, and the carbon stored in permafrost to decomposition. In this study we ask how warming and fire regime may influence spatial and temporal changes in active layer and carbon dynamics across a boreal forest landscape in interior Alaska. To address this question, we (1) developed and tested a predictive model of the effect of fire severity on soil organic horizons that depends on landscape-level conditions and (2) used this model to evaluate the long-term consequences of warming and changes in fire regime on active layer and soil carbon dynamics of black spruce forests across interior Alaska. The predictive model of fire severity, designed from the analysis of field observations, reproduces the effect of local topography (landform category, the slope angle and aspect and flow accumulation), weather conditions (drought index, soil moisture) and fire characteristics (day of year and size of the fire) on the reduction of the organic layercaused by fire. The integration of the fire severity model into an ecosystem process-based model allowed us to document the relative importance and interactions among local topography, fire regime and climate warming on active layer and soil carbon dynamics. Lowlands were more resistant to severe fires and climate warming, showing smaller increases in active layer thickness and soil carbon loss compared to drier flat uplands and slopes. In simulations that included the effects of both warming and fire at the regional scale, fire was primarily responsible for a reduction in organic layer thickness of 0.06 m on average by 2100 that led to an increase in active layer thickness of 1.1 m on average by 2100. The combination of warming and fire led to a simulated cumulative loss of 9.6 kgC m 2 on average by 2100. Our analysis suggests that ecosystem carbon storage in boreal forests in interior Alaska is particularly vulnerable, primarily due to the combustion of organic layer thickness in fire and the related increase in active layer thickness that exposes previously protected permafrost soil carbon to decomposition.

  4. Probing the Interiors of the Ice Giants: Shock Compression of Water to 700 GPa and 3.8 g/cm³

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Knudson, M. D.; Desjarlais, M. P.; Lemke, R. W.; Mattsson, T. R.; French, M.; Nettelmann, N.; Redmer, R.

    2012-02-27

    Recently, there has been a tremendous increase in the number of identified extrasolar planetary systems. Our understanding of their formation is tied to exoplanet internal structure models, which rely upon equations of state of light elements and compounds such as water. Here, we present shock compression data for water with unprecedented accuracy that show that water equations of state commonly used in planetary modeling significantly overestimate the compressibility at conditions relevant to planetary interiors. Furthermore, we show that its behavior at these conditions, including reflectivity and isentropic response, is well-described by a recent first-principles based equation of state. These findingsmore »advocate that this water model be used as the standard for modeling Neptune, Uranus, and “hot Neptune” exoplanets and should improve our understanding of these types of planets.« less

  5. Probing the Interiors of the Ice Giants: Shock Compression of Water to 700 GPa and 3.8 g/cm³

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knudson, M. D.; Desjarlais, M. P.; Lemke, R. W.; Mattsson, T. R.; French, M.; Nettelmann, N.; Redmer, R.

    2012-02-27

    Recently, there has been a tremendous increase in the number of identified extrasolar planetary systems. Our understanding of their formation is tied to exoplanet internal structure models, which rely upon equations of state of light elements and compounds such as water. Here, we present shock compression data for water with unprecedented accuracy that show that water equations of state commonly used in planetary modeling significantly overestimate the compressibility at conditions relevant to planetary interiors. Furthermore, we show that its behavior at these conditions, including reflectivity and isentropic response, is well-described by a recent first-principles based equation of state. These findings advocate that this water model be used as the standard for modeling Neptune, Uranus, and “hot Neptune” exoplanets and should improve our understanding of these types of planets.

  6. Genetic and Phenotype [Phenotypic] Catalog of Native Resident Trout of the interior Columbia River Basin : FY-99 Report : Populations of the Pend Oreille, Kettle, and Sanpoil River Basins of Colville National Forest.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trotter, Patrick C.

    2001-05-01

    The 1994 Fish and Wildlife Program of the Northwest Power Planning Council specifies the recovery and preservation of population health of native resident fishes of the Columbia River Basin. Among the native resident species of concern are interior rainbow trout of the Columbia River redband subspecies Oncorhynchus mykiss gairdneri 1 and westslope cutthroat trout O. clarki lewisi. The westslope cutthroat trout has been petitioned for listing under the U. S. Endangered Species Act (American Wildlands et al. 1997). Before at-risk populations can be protected, their presence and status must be established. Where introgression from introduced species is a concern, as in the case of both westslope cutthroat trout and redband rainbow trout, genetic issues must be addressed as well. As is true with native trout elsewhere in the western United States (Behnke 1992), most of the remaining pure populations of these species in the Columbia River Basin are in relatively remote headwater reaches. The objective of this project is to photo-document upper Columbia Basin native resident trout populations in Washington, and to ascertain their species or subspecies identity and relative genetic purity using a nonlethal DNA technique. FY-99 was year two of a five-year project in which we conducted field visits to remote locations to seek out and catalog these populations. In FY-99 we worked in collaboration with the Colville National Forest and Kalispel Indian Tribe to catalog populations in the northeastern corner of Washington State.

  7. Sharks That Pass In The Night: Using GIS to Investigate Competition in the Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Corinne E.; Lieberman, Bruce S.

    2011-09-01

    gymnosperms by angiosperms, multituberculates by rodents, and South American mammals by 35 North American fauna; however, these cases for the most part have not been tested in detail 36 (Benton 1987, 1996a, Rayner and Masters 1995). The theoretical... and Cracraft 1980, Vrba 1980, 1985, Cifelli 1981, 55 Gould 1985, Masters and Rayner 1993, Benton 1996a, 2009, Barnosky 2001, Flagstad et al. 56 2001, Lieberman et al. 2007). 57 Of course these (and other) authors acknowledge that both factors likely play...

  8. Interior Lighting Efficiency for Municipalities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This webinar covered a basic understanding of lighting, different types of lamps and luminaries, importance of energy efficiency in lighting, and knowledge of where to find financial resources.

  9. Interior Foundation Insulation Upgrade - Madison

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPA Public Comment Interested Parties - WAPAInterimCase Study

  10. Basin Analysis of the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin and Petroleum System Modeling of the Jurassic Smackover Formation, Eastern Gulf Coastal Plain, Final Report and Topical Reports 5-8 on Smackover Petroleum system and Underdevelopment Reservoirs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mancini, Ernest A.; Puckett, T. Markham; Parcell, William C.; Llinas, Juan Carlos; Kopaska-Merkel, David C.; Townsend, Roger N.

    2002-03-05

    The Smackover Formation, a major hydrocarbon-producing horizon in the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin (MISB), conformably overlies the Norphlet Formation and is conformably overlain by the Buckner Anhydrite Member of the Haynesville Formation. The Norphlet-Smackover contact can be either gradational or abrupt. The thickness and lithofacies distribution of the Smackover Formation were controlled by the configuration of incipient paleotopography. The Smackover Formation has been subdivided into three informal members, referred to as the lower, middle and upper members.

  11. Power-Factor and Torque Calculation under Consideration of Cross Saturation of the Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless Field Excitation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Seong T [ORNL; Burress, Timothy A [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL

    2009-01-01

    This paper introduces a new method for calculating the power factor and output torque by considering the cross saturation between direct-axis (d-axis) and quadrature-axis (q-axis) of an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM). The conventional two-axis IPMSM model is modified to include the cross saturation effect by adding the cross-coupled inductance terms. This paper also contains the new method of calculating the cross-coupled inductance values as well as self-inductance values in d- and q-axes. The analyzed motor is a high-speed brushless field excitation machine that offers high torque per ampere per core length at low speed and weakened flux at high speed, which was developed for the traction motor of a hybrid electric vehicle. The conventional two-axis IPMSM model was modified to include the cross-saturation effect by adding the cross-coupled inductance terms Ldq and Lqd. By the advantage of the excited structure of the experimental IPMSM, the analyzing works were performed under two conditions, the highest and lowest excited conditions. Therefore, it is possible to investigate the cross-saturation effect when a machine has higher magnetic flux from its rotor. The following is a summary of conclusions that may be drawn from this work: (1) Considering cross saturation of an IPMSM offers more accurate expected values of motor parameters in output torque calculation, especially when negative d-axis current is high; (2) A less saturated synchronous machine could be more affected by the cross-coupled saturation effect; (3) Both cross-coupled inductances, L{sub qd} and L{sub dq}, are mainly governed by d-axis current rather than q-axis current; (4) The modified torque equation, can be used for the dynamic model of an IPMSM for developing a better control model or control strategy; and (5) It is possible that the brushless field excitation structure has a common magnetic flux path on both d- and q-axis, and as a result, the reluctance torque of the machine could be reduced.

  12. Paleobiogeography of the North American Late Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway: the impact of abiotic vs. biotic factors on macroevolutionary patterns of marine vertebrates and invertebrates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Corinne E.

    2013-05-31

    My research investigates the relationship between ecology, evolution, and the environment in the fossil record. I hypothesize that abiotic environmental factors (e.g., climate, sea-level, ocean chemistry, and paleogeography) ...

  13. Architecture of interiority (architecture of traces)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michel, Nicole Yael, 1977-

    2002-01-01

    In a growing globalized world where ideas of connections, transparency and exposure are becoming commonplace, the need will arise to devise an architecture that addresses issues of identity and belonging by creating places ...

  14. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    Field Tests " that presents the r esults of t ests carried out by Manned Lunar Exploration Studies, and integrated operational procedures that are pot entially suit- able for use in lunar exploration during Early using television camera mounted on staff . 11 8. Test subject unreeling seismic line, carrying staff

  15. LEDs for Interior Office Applications Webcast

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In this March 18, 2010 webcast, Jason Tuenge and Michael Myer of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory described the performance and economic considerations of replacing either 4' T8 lamps or...

  16. Interior Point Methods, Nonlinear Models & Parallelisation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grothey, Andreas

    ;Overview Asset and Liability Management Models Mean-Variance Formulation/Stochastic Programming Structure Grothey IPM, Nonlinear Models & Parallelisation #12;Portfolio Optimization: Asset and Liability Management and Liability Management A set of assets J = {1, ..., J} is given (e.g. bonds, stock, real estate). At every

  17. INTERIOR-POINT METHODS FOR NONCONVEX NONLINEAR ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-11-04

    Nov 4, 2005 ... Less accuracy: deconvc, dixchlnv, hvycrash, spanhyd, steenbre, steenbrg, vanderm1. Iteration Limit: lukvli10, methanol, reading4. Table 4.

  18. Interior Point Crashstarts for Stochastic Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grothey, Andreas

    applications Portfolio Optimization Network Design with Uncertain Demand Electricity Generation Planning (involving hydro or wind) etc Solving Stochastic Programming Problems Size of deterministic equivalent

  19. REPORT OF THE EPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and Red China now catch more fish than the United States, but so does Peru, a relative newcomer in the tiny, sail-powered Mayflower to the present day, fishing--first for food and later for both food

  20. Neutron star interiors and topology change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter K. F. Kuhfittig

    2013-09-05

    Quark matter is believed to exist in the center of neutron stars. A combined model consisting of quark matter and ordinary matter is used to show that the extreme conditions existing in the center could result in a topology change, that is, in the formation of wormholes.

  1. THE INTERIOR DYNAMICS OF WATER PLANETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fu, Roger; O'Connell, Richard J.; Sasselov, Dimitar D. E-mail: richard_oconnell@harvard.ed

    2010-01-10

    The ever-expanding catalog of detected super-Earths calls for theoretical studies of their properties in the case of a substantial water layer. This work considers such water planets with a range of masses and water mass fractions (2-5 M{sub Earth}, 0.02%-50% H{sub 2}O). First, we model the thermal and dynamical structure of the near-surface for icy and oceanic surfaces, finding separate regimes where the planet is expected to maintain a subsurface liquid ocean and where it is expected to exhibit ice tectonics. Newly discovered exoplanets may be placed into one of these regimes given estimates of surface temperature, heat flux, and gravity. Second, we construct a parameterized convection model for the underlying ice mantle of higher ice phases, finding that materials released from the silicate-iron core should traverse the ice mantle on the timescale of 0.1 to 100 megayears. We present the dependence of the overturn times of the ice mantle and the planetary radius on total mass and water mass fraction. Finally, we discuss the implications of these internal processes on atmospheric observables.

  2. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    - pact events. Neither the the data nor the models are complete, so that, at this time, neither model can

  3. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    intelligible words GET (04 22 10 53) (04 22 14 44) film(?) almost-certain interpretation (OS 11 58 54) [white, the times may be wrong by several minutes. ABBRREVIATIONS ASC ALHT ALHTC ALSD ALSEP A/S BS BTU CCGE ccw CDR

  4. US Continental Interior Precambrian-Paleozoic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) Superior Upland (Pc) Midcontinent Rift (Pc) Michigan Basin (Pal) #12;© EarthStructure (2nd ed) 3012

  5. Eighteenth-century merchant ship interiors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renner, Mary Anne

    1987-01-01

    ), the Reeg~t~ (1771), the /~~vs (1768), the g~~ (1768), the lla~ax (1768) and the ~ount (1787). The deck layouts for the FIGURE 1. Cross section of an 18th-century merchantman. l , )&kl@V:= , igpgj; 'k -. kl-, E$ )fp IK j 'B' " l ~ 1't P... OF FIGURES 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 18 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Cross section of an 18th-century merchantman Deck plans for HMS Dispatch National Register district and site locations Y085: Test trenches...

  6. Interior Foundation Insulation Upgrade-Minneapolis

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICE INDUSTRIALU.S. Department of Energy |June 2015 InterimMinneapolis Residence

  7. Geoantineutrino Spectrum, 3He/4He-ratio Distribution in the Earth's Interior and Slow Nuclear Burning on the Boundary of the Liquid and Solid Phases of the Earth's Core

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. D. Rusov; V. N. Pavlovich; V. N. Vaschenko; V. A. Tarasov; T. N. Zelentsova; V. N. Bolshakov; D. A. Litvinov; S. I. Kosenko; O. A. Byegunova

    2006-09-13

    The description problem of geoantineutrino spectrum and reactor antineutrino experimental spectrum in KamLAND, which takes place for antineutrino energy \\~2.8 MeV, and also the experimental results of the interaction of uranium dioxide and carbide with iron-nickel and silicaalumina melts at high pressure (5-10 GP?) and temperature (1600-2200C) have motivated us to consider the possible consequences of the assumption made by V.Anisichkin and coauthors that there is an actinid shell on boundary of liquid and solid phases of the Earth's core. We have shown that the activation of a natural nuclear reactor operating as the solitary waves of nuclear burning in 238U- and/or 232Th-medium (in particular, the neutron- fission progressive wave of Feoktistov and/or Teller-Ishikawa-Wood) can be such a physical consequence. The simplified model of the kinetics of accumulation and burnup in U-Pu fuel cycle of Feoktistov is developed. The results of the numerical simulation of neutron-fission wave in two-phase UO2/Fe medium on a surface of the Earth's solid core are presented. The georeactor model of 3He origin and the 3He/4He-ratio distribution in the Earth's interior is offered. It is shown that the 3He/4He ratio distribution can be the natural quantitative criterion of georeactor thermal power. On the basis of O'Nions-Evensen-Hamilton geochemical model of mantle differentiation and the crust growth supplied by actinid shell on the boundary of liquid and solid phases of the Earth's core as a nuclear energy source (georeactor with power of 30 TW), the tentative estimation of geoantineutrino intensity and geoantineutrino spectrum on the Earth surface are given.

  8. Report to the Congress on expansion of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve in one billion barrels: Submitted in response to the conference report accompanying the Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act for fiscal year 1989 (H. R. Report No. 100-862)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-04-01

    Expansion of the US Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) from 750 million barrels to one billion barrels would require substantial budgetary resources (over $6 billion at current oil prices), major construction of storage and distribution facilities, and over ten years to complete construction and fill. Prior to embarking on such an undertaking, a comprehensive study is required to assess whether the benefits of expansion justify the expected costs and to evaluate SPR expansion in the context of overall domestic and international energy policies. Such a study has been initiated and is expected to be completed later this year. This report, prepared in response to the Conference report accompanying the Department if Interior and related Agencies Appropriation Act for Fiscal Year 1989, addresses only the technical parameters associated with expanding the SPR from 750 million to one billion barrels. In identifying candidate sites, distribution requirements, and estimated construction costs and schedules, the report also examines key parameters that impact any expansion configuration, i.e., industrial versus government ownership, crude oil versus refined product storage, storage in other than Gulf Coast locations and drawdown rate. 10 refs., 17 figs., 10 tabs.

  9. United States Department of the Interior - RM-53 - Reference Manual -

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin, New York:Power Company Jump to:

  10. Interior Point Methods for Nonlinear Complementarity Florian A. Potra \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ye, Yinyu

    optimization problems (e.g., den Hertog et al. [3], Jarre [4], Monteiro and Adler [15], and Nesterov

  11. A TRUST REGION INTERIOR POINT ALGORITHM FOR LINEARLY CONSTRAINED OPTIMIZATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonnans, Frédéric

    , and Terlaky [8], Jarre [15], Mehrotra and Sun [19], McCormick [18], Monteiro and Adler [20], Dennis

  12. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF TME INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE USE OF AQUATIC PLANTS IN THE HOME AQUARIUM Introduction: The use of living plants in tropical fish for most species is fairly simple, provided the aquarium receives adequate light. In nearly all cases where aqu~tic plants go to pieces or wi It, inadequate light will be found responsible. A planted aquarium

  13. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    r op:- p redatoT' fi sh- forage fish bal ance in farm ponds , to production of fish in hatchery engineering data collected du ring t he construction of a pond. It is r eco; J (> e 1 tlm. t actua, usually produ ce d On short spikes, are dispe r sed ra pidl y by water currents, by the wind

  14. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Stewart L. Udall, Secretary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginsburg. April 1946, 8 p. Superseded by FL 418. 9. Available leaflets on fisheries (subject index, a potential source of attractive low-cost sea food from the Atlantic Coast. By Wm. C. Herrington and Leslie W and L. N. Kolloen. March 1943, 16 p., 5 tables. 17. Construction of farm ponds. By Branch of Game

  15. United States Department of the Interior, Fred A , Seaton, Se.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Red mouth disease in rainbow trout. !! Headquarters: Eastern Fish Disease Lab" Leetown (PSUL' In and around the rT ,.. ,:rtl r" ,.", #12;be inflamed and even eroded as in the" red mouth" disease in rainbow producing deep necrotic cra- ters lined with red or grayish muscle tissue. In some instances these lesions

  16. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR STEWART L. UDALL, SECRETARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ...................................... 29 Acid Mine Pollution Studies .......·.····.··.·.···.·..·.··· 30 Fishery Management Programs Table Affected by Acid Mine Pollution ................... 31 Fishery Management Services, 1963 7.--Air OF FISHERY MANAGEMENT SERVICES Willis King, Chief Prepared by Edward C. Kinney, Staff Specialist Bureau

  17. AN INTERIOR-POINT METHOD FOR NONLINEAR OPTIMIZATION ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-10-23

    ear and nonsmooth optimization, Classification of optimization models, Gas network ...... The first part presents results on a small test library of low-

  18. UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    e s t i g a t i o n (1R)WA-5 USGS-OFR--82-714 DE84 900493 ASSESSMENT OF THE PETROLEUM, COAL,, AND GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES OF THE ECONOMIC COMMUNITY OF WEST AFRICAN STATES (ECOWAS)...

  19. August 2000 (Data-Mining ) Michael Ferris , Todd Munson Interior ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Power transmission network design by a greedy randomized adaptive path ..... with Take-or-pay Clauses in the Brazilian Long-term Energy Planning .... Topology Optimization for Magnetic Circuits dedicated to Electric Propulsion ... A Flexible Iterative Solver for Nonconvex, Equality-Constrained Quadratic Subproblems

  20. Fire, climate change, and forest resilience in interior Alaska1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turetsky, Merritt

    et celles de la ve´ge´tation ont assure´ le maintien des cycles de succession forestie`re pendant les entre le re´gime de perturbations et les re´troactions entre les plantes, le sol et les microbes qui emissions from burning of fossil fuels commit the planet to continued warming over coming decades

  1. 2009 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­90). in response to Congressional requests, a DOD-led Strategic and Critical materials Working Group was formed, the SmSP would conduct risk assessments, compare demand to supply by analyzing supply sources and risks the buying power of Government by aggregating materials requirements and negotiating long-term strategic

  2. United States Department of the Interior U. S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Division issued a supplemental Environmental Impact Statement to address seismic issues raised by the new basis for new seismic siting requirements for wastewater treatment plants. Private citizen groups have, regional tectonics, Puget Sound glacial stratigraphy #12;USGS Peer Review Plan 3 Reviewers will be selected

  3. 2009 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in early 2009) owned by Teck Resources Ltd. (Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada). The germanium-bearing concentrates were exported to Canada for processing or directly to customers in Asia and Europe. Two refineries is initially recovered from the leaching of zinc residues or coal ash and the subsequent precipitation

  4. 2010 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Canada). The germanium-bearing concentrates were exported to Canada for processing or directly. Germanium is initially recovered from the leaching of zinc residues or coal ash and the subsequent or coal in the United States. Domestic refinery production of germanium was estimated by the U

  5. 2012 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at a zinc mine in Alaska owned by Teck Resources Ltd. (Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada) were exported to Teck's facilities in Canada for processing or to processors in Asia and Europe. An intermediate recovered from zinc concentrates, coal fly ash, and recycled material. Despite an increase in zinc

  6. 2011 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Canada). no germanium was recovered from zinc concentrates or coal in the united States. The germanium-bearing concentrates were exported to Canada for processing or directly to customers in Asia and Europe. Two refineries). This comprised germanium recovered from zinc concentrates, fly ash from burning coal, and recycled material

  7. 2006 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    were then shipped to Canada for processing. The two U.S. refineries were located in New York was also recovered to a lesser extent from coal ash and cobalt-copper ores. Germanium is a hard, brittle of other germanium compounds. Teck Cominco Limited (Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada) produced germanium

  8. The earth's interior from both a seismological and petrological perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saltzer, Rebecca Lee

    2002-01-01

    Shear-wave splitting measurements of teleseismic shear waves, such as SKS, have been used to estimate the amount and direction of upper-mantle anisotropy worldwide. One of the basic assumptions in making these measurements ...

  9. Chicago 54, Ill. United states Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    fresh frozen fruits, vegetables, fishery products, and meats, a few precooked frozen products-to-eat di shes which have been rozen and stored at below-freezing temperature. Ready on a moment's notice, and freezing and storing the excess in the refrigerated locker, the homemaker provides for a future meal

  10. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be kept in good condition can be greatly extended by freezing and holding in cold storage. Brining before smoking and freezing. using moistureproof paper wrappers. and storing at a low temperature retard and ham. These products are no longer smoked as a means of preserving the meat but rather beeause

  11. Lunar Magnetism, Space Weathering, and Icy Satellite Interiors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemingway, Douglas James

    2015-01-01

    solar wind flux-dependent equilibrium, followed by a more gradual period of optical maturation driven mainly by micrometeoroid impacts.impact event, the freshly exposed material experiences rapid weathering until it reaches an equilibrium value of , controlled by solar wind

  12. Turbulent Convection in Stellar Interiors. II. The Velocity Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Arnett; Casey Meakin; P. A. Young

    2008-11-25

    We analyze stellar convection with the aid of 3D hydrodynamic simulations, introducing the turbulent cascade into our theoretical analysis. We devise closures of the Reynolds-decomposed mean field equations by simple physical modeling of the simulations (we relate temperature and density fluctuations via coefficients); the procedure (CABS, Convection Algorithms Based on Simulations) is terrestrially testable and is amenable to systematic improvement. We develop a turbulent kinetic energy equation which contains both nonlocal and time dependent terms, and is appropriate if the convective transit time is shorter than the evolutionary time scale. The interpretation of mixing-length theory (MLT) as generally used in astrophysics is incorrect; MLT forces the mixing length to be an imposed constant. Direct tests show that the damping associated with the flow is that suggested by Kolmogorov. The eddy size is approximately the depth of the convection zone, and this dissipation length corresponds to the "mixing length". New terms involving local heating by turbulent dissipation should appear in the stellar evolution equations. The enthalpy flux ("convective luminosity") is directly connected to the buoyant acceleration, and hence the velocity scale. MLT tends to systematically underestimate this velocity scale. Quantitative comparison with a variety of 3D simulations reveals a previously recognized consistency. Examples of application to stellar evolution will be presented in subsequent papers in this series.

  13. Chicago 54, Ill. United states Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    but if the waters inshore are contaminated the cars are anchored farther out. The buoys or markers used on the warp other equipment needed to engage in this fishery is a "live car," that is, a small floating crate. the Chief exp8nditures of the eel fisher.man are for bait and the replacement of lost gear. The live car 1s

  14. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of odd and colorful varieties , i nc l uding some with odd scales, double tails and fins, no scales+ of out door fish ponds. Some of the b etter- known of the many existing varieties of the goldfish are briefly described below: #12;FANTAIL. This fish has an elongated flowing tail fin and usually a long

  15. Departments of Energy and Interior Award Nearly $17 Million for...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    enhance environmental performance while increasing electricity generation, mitigating fish and habitat impacts and enhancing downstream water quality. Advanced Hydropower System...

  16. Department of Energy, Department of the Interior and Army Corps...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    River, located about 40 miles east of Portland, Ore., that are meant to save more fish. The next-generation machines at Ice Harbor will be even more advanced. | Photo...

  17. CALCULATING INTERIOR DAYLIGHT ILLUMINATION WITH A PROGRAMMABLE HAND CALCULATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryan, Harvey J.

    2013-01-01

    reflection Component or IRC). The total the daylight factor,components as: SC + ERC + IRC THE SKY COMPONENT The skyformula for the average IRC is as: X where T ~ Transmittance

  18. CALCULATING INTERIOR DAYLIGHT ILLUMINATION WITH A PROGRAMMABLE HAND CALCULATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryan, Harvey J.

    2013-01-01

    Reflected Component or IRC). The total for these threeDaylight Factor m SC + ERC + IRC THE SKY COMPONENT The skyThe formula for the average IRC is given as: IRC "" T X W A(

  19. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Stewart L. Udall, Secretary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    replacement - design project. · ····· The Gulf of Mexico exploratory fishing and gear research program Report Exploratory Fishing and Gear Research Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Region 2 For Fiscal Year 1964 activities by foreign vessels Offshore gear research, photoinstrumentation, Pascagoula Off-season menhaden

  20. 2009 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in advanced battery technology for hybrid and electric-drive vehicles ever made, and lithium-ion battery, TN, plant to produce electric cars and lithium-ion battery packs. Tesla Motors received a $465 for the development and production of two lines of lithium-ion battery powered plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (U

  1. United states Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    have been obtained, is now serving the Axis, The extended fighting in Russia has greatly lessened export centers still is imprisoned, Shipping space and geog- raphy have thus had a great effect on our

  2. An Optimal Order Interior Penalty Discontinuous Galerkin Discretization of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartmann, Ralf

    ­Stokes Equations Ralf Hartmann Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology, DLR (German Aerospace Center), Lilienthalplatz 7, 38108 Braunschweig, Germany. Ralf.Hartmann@dlr.de Paul Houston School of Mathematical Sciences

  3. An Optimal Order Interior Penalty Discontinuous Galerkin Discretization of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartmann, Ralf

    --Stokes Equations Ralf Hartmann Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology, DLR (German Aerospace Center), Lilienthalplatz 7, 38108 Braunschweig, Germany. Ralf.Hartmann@dlr.de Paul Houston School of Mathematical Sciences

  4. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Stewart L. Udall, Secretary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the cod and the pollock, its closes t relatives. It is a streamlined fish, dark purplish g r ay on the top and sides down to the black lateral line, and silvery gray toned with pal e pink below . Haddock are found in the waters of the Northwest Atlantic Ocean and off the coas ts of northern Europe, the British Isles

  5. Ageostrophic Instabilities of Interior Horizontal and Vertical Shear Flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Peng

    2012-01-01

    Y. H. , and W. R. Peltier (2001b), Baroclinic instability inMoore, G. W. K. , and W. R. Peltier (1987), Cyclogenesis inG. W. K. , and W. R. Peltier (1990), Nonseparable Baroclinic

  6. Hoja informativa sobre la calidad del aire interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Moho · Polen · Caspa del pelo de los animales · Humo secundario del tabaco · Formaldehído · Monóxido de

  7. Interior Department to Open 190 Million Acres to Geothermal Power...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Systems, which involves creating or expanding a geothermal resource through the high-pressure injection of a fluid, opens another 517,800 MW to potential development. For...

  8. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    should rest on well compacted soil. Do not attempt to build on fi1 led ground as settling and consequent and very satisfactory form. Forms shoul.d be tight enough to avoid leakage of cement and strong enough or bulging. Forms may be removed in about 48 hours. Removal can be facilitated by oiling the inside surface

  9. 2006 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) solar cells that would yield high production throughput. Flexible CIGS solar cells could All refined computers (15%), and cell phones (11%). The LCD market was expected to show considerable growth within to develop a low-cost manufacturing process for flexible thin film copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS

  10. 2011 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cs) and optoelectronic devices [laser diodes, light-emitting diodes (lEDs), photodetectors, and solar cells]. Gallium solar energy systems by about 75%, and thereby allow copper-indium-gallium diselenide (CiGS) solar

  11. 2010 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cells to be used in the manufacture of new CIGS solar cells. Indium may be reclaimed directly from old and sputtering takes place. Indium can also be recovered from copper-indium-gallium- diselenide (CIGS) solar

  12. Ageostrophic Instabilities of Interior Horizontal and Vertical Shear Flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Peng

    2012-01-01

    the majority of kinetic and available potential energy isreservoir of kinetic and available potential energy, but theThe ratio of potential to kinetic energy of the fluctuations

  13. Steady water waves with multiple critical layers: interior dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mats Ehrnström; Joachim Escher; Gabriele Villari

    2011-04-01

    We study small-amplitude steady water waves with multiple critical layers. Those are rotational two-dimensional gravity-waves propagating over a perfect fluid of finite depth. It is found that arbitrarily many critical layers with cat's-eye vortices are possible, with different structure at different levels within the fluid. The corresponding vorticity depends linearly on the stream function.

  14. On the existence of certain axisymmetric interior metrics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Angulo Santacruz, C.; Batic, D.; Nowakowski, M.

    2010-08-15

    One of the effects of noncommutative coordinate operators is that the delta function connected to the quantum mechanical amplitude between states sharp to the position operator gets smeared by a Gaussian distribution. Although this is not the full account of the effects of noncommutativity, this effect is, in particular, important as it removes the point singularities of Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordstroem solutions. In this context, it seems to be of some importance to probe also into ringlike singularities which appear in the Kerr case. In particular, starting with an anisotropic energy-momentum tensor and a general axisymmetric ansatz of the metric together with an arbitrary mass distribution (e.g., Gaussian), we derive the full set of Einstein equations that the noncommutative geometry inspired Kerr solution should satisfy. Using these equations we prove two theorems regarding the existence of certain Kerr metrics inspired by noncommutative geometry.

  15. 3D deformation field throughout the interior of materials.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jin, Huiqing; Lu, Wei-Yang

    2013-09-01

    This report contains the one-year feasibility study for our three-year LDRD proposal that is aimed to develop an experimental technique to measure the 3D deformation fields inside a material body. In this feasibility study, we first apply Digital Volume Correlation (DVC) algorithm to pre-existing in-situ Xray Computed Tomography (XCT) image sets with pure rigid body translation. The calculated displacement field has very large random errors and low precision that are unacceptable. Then we enhance these tomography images by setting threshold of the intensity of each slice. DVC algorithm is able to obtain accurate deformation fields from these enhanced image sets and the deformation fields are consistent with the global mechanical loading that is applied to the specimen. Through this study, we prove that the internal markers inside the pre-existing tomography images of aluminum alloy can be enhanced and are suitable for DVC to calculate the deformation field throughout the material body.

  16. Defense, Interior Departments Pursue Renewable Energy on Federal...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    13 million acres of these withdrawn lands are located in the West and are rich in wind, solar, and geothermal resources. In addition, offshore wind is an abundant renewable...

  17. Interior Methods For a Class of Elliptic Variational Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bank, Randolph E.

    dx + Z b(x)uv dx; u; v 2 H: For u, v 2 L 2 ( ), the standard inner-product norm is jjujj 2 = (u; u grants DMS-9973276 and ACI-0082100. #12; 2 Many nonlinear PDE's have a similar variational formulation

  18. Interior Methods For a Class of Elliptic Variational Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gill, Philip E.

    the operator a(u, v) = a(x) u · v dx + b(x)uv dx, u, v H. For u, v L2 (), the standard inner-product norm DMS-9973276 and ACI-0082100. #12;2 Many nonlinear PDE's have a similar variational formulation

  19. United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebastodes .i~ith:ill this genus t :1ere are about tVicnty diffl;rent species found :ill this area, though cups cooked spaghetti 1/2 cup buttered crwnbs Oil a quart casserole. Combine the '1vhite sauce, cheese

  20. Optimization Online - HIPAD - A Hybrid Interior-Point Alternating ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhiwei Qin

    2014-10-31

    Oct 31, 2014 ... Both SVM formulations are adapted to knowledge incorporation. ... Category 1: Applications -- Science and Engineering (Data-Mining ).

  1. U. S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NORTH ATLANTIC REGION #12;Commissioned at Woods Hole, Massachusetts, May 9, 1963, this new 187 foot of the fisheries of the United States and its territories by conducting research, investigations, and stud- ies

  2. Interior and Exterior Low-E Storm Window Installation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Witters, Sarah

    2014-09-03

    Until recently, energy-efficient window retrofit options have largely been limited to repair or replacement; leaving the homeowner to decide between affordability and deeper energy savings. A new and improved low-e storm window boasts a combination of curb appeal and energy efficiency, all for a fraction of the cost of window replacement. A recent whole-home experiment performed by PNNL suggests that attaching low-e storm windows can result in as much energy savings replacing the windows.

  3. How to Extract Energy from Dirty Interior Air 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheney, W. A.

    1982-01-01

    methods to reduce the energy cost of cleaning air are (1) strip the contaminant from the air with high efficiency air cleaners, and (2) pass the contaminated air through a heat exchanger as it is exhausted to atmosphere. The air cleaner method recycles all...

  4. UNITED STATE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ~ tewart L. Udall, Secretary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    tissues of the clam are the foot and the siphon or "neck. " In digging, the foot is projected and geoduck, remain virtually immobile once established in the bottom. The siphon consists of two fleshy con

  5. Fishery Leaflet 524 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is through the siphon, a short InUSCU- lar tube b eginning in the neck. Through it a re expelled the body wastes, the eggs, and th e fluid froIn the ink sac. Water entering th Inantle cavity through the siphon

  6. Seismic Imaging of the Earth's Interior (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Romanowicz, Barbara

    2011-04-28

    Summer Lecture Series 2006: Earth scientist Barbara Romanowicz discusses how she explores the deep structure and dynamics of the Earth using seismic tomography.

  7. The Fisheries of Chile UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to those of Peru, the world's leading fishing nation in quantity of catch. Although on a lesser scale, developments in Chile have been paralleling those in Peru, where the anchovy fish meal sector of the fishing purchas.ng power of many people limits purchases. Con- sumption of fishery products IS highest lr1

  8. Near-Field Imaging of Interior Cavities 1 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-10-21

    AMS subject classifications: 65N21, 78A46. Key words: .... reconstruct the cavity surface function f(?) from the noise total field u?(b,?)=u(b,?)+. O(?) at ...... [13] NIST Digital Library of Mathematical Functions. http://dlmf.nist.gov/, Release 1.0.6 of.

  9. The solar interior - radial structure, rotation, solar activity cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Axel Brandenburg

    2007-03-28

    Some basic properties of the solar convection zone are considered and the use of helioseismology as an observational tool to determine its depth and internal angular velocity is discussed. Aspects of solar magnetism are described and explained in the framework of dynamo theory. The main focus is on mean field theories for the Sun's magnetic field and its differential rotation.

  10. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Harold L. Ickes, Secretary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to Haiti, Cuba, and central Mexico. Thus it migrates across both of our international boundaries, Biologist in Charge, Distribution and Migration of Birds, Division of Wildlife Research, Fish andWildlife Service CONTENTS Page Introduction.- ,.. i Distribution 1 Breeding range 1 Winter range _ 2 Migration 2

  11. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Harold L. Ickes, Secretary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is strictly coastal in its distribution from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the Gulf of Mexico, is anadromous coincides with the time of the spring coastal migration to the North, which is made up mainly of immature been tagged, and returns have shown that there is a striking migration to the North in spring

  12. Expert Meeting Report: Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assemblies K. Ueno and R. Van Straaten Building Science Corporation (BSC) February 2012 ii NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of...

  13. BOSTON- Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar announced today...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the establishment of a national historical park to commemorate the Manhattan Project, the top-secret effort to create an atomic bomb during World War II. "The secret development of...

  14. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Pacific salmon in Alaska. Alaska production of pink salmon has an average wholesale value of $28 million length of about 20 inches and weigh about 4 pounds as adults. Research biologists of several agencies develop on tiieir backs and tails the large dark spots that are characteristic of the adults. At the end

  15. August 2000 (Data-Mining ) Michael Ferris , Todd Munson Interior ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    On the Optimal On-Line Management of Photovoltaic-Hydrogen Hybrid Energy Systems (Mechanical .... Optimal control of leukemic cell population dynamics

  16. Energy and Interior Departments Host Offshore Energy Knowledge...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Articles DOE to Host a Booth at Offshore WINDPOWER DOE-DOI Strategy Seeks to Harness U.S. Offshore Wind Energy Potential Wind Program to Host Exhibit Booth at AWEA's Offshore...

  17. INDUSTRY CONFERENCE PAPERS UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) TUNAf ) > n > / > ) / M INDUSTRY CONFERENCE PAPERS MAY 1959 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT, Commissioner Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, Donald L. McKernan, Director TUNA INDUSTRY CONFERENCE PAPERS, MAY 1959 Selected Papers of the GOVERNMENT-INDUSTRY TUNA CONFERENCE at Scripps Institution of Oceanography

  18. TURBULENT CONVECTION IN STELLAR INTERIORS. III. MEAN-FIELD ANALYSIS...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    implicit large eddy simulations of the turbulent convection in the envelope of a 5 Msub Sun red giant star and in the oxygen-burning shell of a 23 Msub Sun supernova...

  19. COMMON PARASITES U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    actually eat skin, other tissues, mucus, or body fluids. Some parasites are known to release toxic are easily captured by predators. Fishermen who find parasites when they clean their catch frequently discard

  20. BUREAU' OF COMMERCIAL FISHE_..__ UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    --------------------------------------- 95 Other---------------------------------------------------- 96 Operation and maintenance---------------------------------------------____ 101 Economics----------------------------------------------____ 105 Statistics

  1. UNITED STATES DEPARTNENT OF THE INTERIOR Fish and Wildlife Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Boston Michigan Kay's Tropiquarium, (Joseph l\\lensch), 3337 Puritan Avenue, Detroit Missouri beldt, (Joseph Klensch), 3337 Puritan Avenue, Detroit Missouri heldt's .bi.quarium, Inc., (Otto Beldt), 2141

  2. Primal-Dual Interior-Point Algorithms for Semidefinite Optimization ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-06-03

    this paper is not self-regular due to its growth term increasing linearly. ..... otherwise we enter an inner iteration by computing the search directions at the.

  3. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Stewart L. Udall, Secretary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AND ON THE PROPERTIES OF A TEST SAMPLE By Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Technological Laboratory College Park, Maryland earch as well as upon wor k car r ied out by other scientists in this country and abroad . While the r------------------------------------ 4 Sanitation----------------------------------------- 6 On the vessel

  4. August 2000 (Data-Mining ) Michael Ferris , Todd Munson Interior ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammad R. Gholami, Luba Tetruashvili, Erik G. Strom, Yair Censor Cooperative .... A Stochastic Optimization Model for Designing Last Mile Relief Networks

  5. STATISTICAL DIGEST No.4 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ' car)" t p r 11 nguO" I in the commercial fi hl'!"}' and to gonrnm 'n tal ao- 'n i( on pm 1 with its__ ____ _ ew York___ ___________ ___________ ____ ___ 95 Vessel fisheries at Seattle, Wash _____ ____ _ 103

  6. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Walter J. Hickel, Secretary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bur e au of C orrunercial Fishe ries Biological Laboratory Auke Bay , Alaska 9982 1 ABSTRACT The churn acific salmon. It is one of Alaska's valuable fish ery r esou rc es . Churn salm on spawn in late summer pounds when they return t') spawn and die in their native stream . M ost churn salmon are taken in purse

  7. Biomass District Heat System for Interior Rural Alaska Villages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wall, William A.; Parker, Charles R.

    2014-09-01

    Alaska Village Initiatives (AVI) from the outset of the project had a goal of developing an integrated village approach to biomass in Rural Alaskan villages. A successful biomass project had to be ecologically, socially/culturally and economically viable and sustainable. Although many agencies were supportive of biomass programs in villages none had the capacity to deal effectively with developing all of the tools necessary to build a complete integrated program. AVI had a sharp learning curve as well. By the end of the project with all the completed tasks, AVI developed the tools and understanding to connect all of the dots of an integrated village based program. These included initially developing a feasibility model that created the capacity to optimize a biomass system in a village. AVI intent was to develop all aspects or components of a fully integrated biomass program for a village. This meant understand the forest resource and developing a sustainable harvest system that included the “right sized” harvest equipment for the scale of the project. Developing a training program for harvesting and managing the forest for regeneration. Making sure the type, quality, and delivery system matched the needs of the type of boiler or boilers to be installed. AVI intended for each biomass program to be of the scale that would create jobs and a sustainable business.

  8. USGS Science U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    resources, increasing vulnerability to natural hazards, the effects of emerging diseases on wildlife scientific research on natural hazards and resources and how these elements and human activities influence natural resources, and protect and enhance our quality of life. Here are just a few examples. #12

  9. The Mississippi Oyster Industry' UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    north as Cape Cod and is found in scattered localities north- ward to Prince Edward Island in the Gulf

  10. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Stewart L. Udall, Secretary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ; Prince William Sound, Copper River, and Bering River. By Willis H. Rich and Edward M. Ball. 1932, vol. 47

  11. United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and fished. Port au Port Bay, Newfound- land; Northumberland Strait, Prince Edward Island; the Digby

  12. HIPAD - A Hybrid Interior-Point Alternating Direction algorithm for ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-07-19

    ray data for gene selection and text documents for natural language processing. Despite the large number ...... Distributed optimiza- tion and statistical learning via the alternating direction method of multipliers. ... R. Rockafellar. The multiplier

  13. NITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Stewart L. Udall, Secretary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    described. Included are sections pertaining to plant design, construction, and maintenance; water and waste. · · · · · · · · · · · 1 aintaining plant premises, buildings, and services. · · · · · · · 2 Cleanliness and construction infestation. · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · 3 Waste disposal

  14. New Model of Earth's Interior Reveals Clues to Hotspot Volcanoes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center (NERSC), scientists have detected previously unknown channels of slow-moving seismic waves in Earth's upper mantle. This discovery helps to explain how "hotspot...

  15. Interior, J. A. Krug, Secretary Service, Albert M. Day, Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Report No. 26, .American mtlbassy, Anlrara, Turkey, March 5, 1947. #12;Country Germany Enf:1and Spain ~ SPONGE INDUsrRY IN TtJRKlrr ]I BY Jean D. Brennan, Foreign Service Clerk Ankara, Turkey Effects of the War--Sponge fishing in Turkey was curtailed to a certain extent during the war years due to large

  16. EIS-0263: Interior Columbia Basin Final Environmental Impact Statement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The ICBEMP strategy will include direction which will protect and enhance aquatic ecosystems for anadromous fish and inland native trout and terrestrial ecosystems. It will also address the social and economic interactions with these biological variables. (Merged with EIS-262 to become Eastside Ecosystem Management, Washington and Oregon)

  17. SPORT F SHERY UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    pollution from sawdust disposal, ammonia, oil wells, gas works, and flax and hemp retting waste water

  18. I~ Central Nevada-40 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and700, 1.Reports1E~ S·D3GraniteS T *- -I ..'__,i

  19. Secretary of Interior Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk,SageScheuco InternationalScottScrippsToSecaucus, NewWind IncOpen

  20. Energy, Interior Departments Announce New Location for Solar Decathlon 2011

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLfor Innovative SolarSavingsAugust 26, 2013 Energy2006One<Clean|

  1. Processable Cyclic Peptide Nanotubes with Tunable Interiors | Center for

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid youOxygen Generation | CenterPressthis site » PrivacyCenterGas

  2. UNITED STATES D E P - OF TEE INTERIOR C

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the WeldonB100 Ambrosia'1(DOE)F. a%UCRL-53628 .

  3. UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR F

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the WeldonB100 Ambrosia'1(DOE)F. a%UCRL-53628 .D E

  4. Metal-Organic Frameworks with Precisely Designed Interior for Carbon

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you notHeatMaRIEdioxide capture | Center forDioxide Capture in the

  5. Metal-Organic Frameworks with Precisely Designed Interior for Carbon

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you notHeatMaRIEdioxide capture | Center forDioxide Capture in

  6. Building America Expert Meeting: Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De pEnergymeeting, The Best Approach to CombustionMasonry Wall

  7. UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnicalInformation4563 LLNL Small-scale Friction Sensitivity (BAM) Test . *UM-ASUF

  8. U. S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR * BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPP UPDATE: April 15,Gas Reserve Class Ventura Basin Oil andbyS.

  9. Energy and Interior Departments Host Offshore Energy Knowledge Exchange

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015 Infographic courtesyEducationNevadaSessionToo! |OctoberTrustWorkshop |

  10. Interior Department Solicits Grant Proposals from Tribes | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPA Public Comment Interested Parties - WAPAInterim FinalEnergy

  11. Interior Department to Open 190 Million Acres to Geothermal Power |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPA Public Comment Interested Parties - WAPAInterim

  12. New Model of Earth's Interior Reveals Clues to Hotspot Volcanoes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework usesofPublications64 2.251 2.211 2.196 2.172companies atNew

  13. Building America Technlogy Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Interior

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power, IncBio CentersBreakingNew Media--An IdeaEnergythe

  14. Building America Technlogy Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Interior

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power, IncBio CentersBreakingNew Media--An

  15. Interior and Energy Departments Formally Establish the Manhattan Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyApril 2014 | DepartmentDepartment ofInsuranceof Energy

  16. Western Region Renewable Energy Markets: Implications for the Bureau of Land Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haase, S.; Billman, L.; Gelman, R.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this analysis is to provide the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) and the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) with an overview of renewable energy (RE) generation markets, transmission planning efforts, and the ongoing role of the BLM RE projects in the electricity markets of the 11 states (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming) that comprise the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) Region. This analysis focuses on the status of, and projections for, likely development of non-hydroelectric renewable electricity from solar (including photovoltaic [PV] and concentrating solar power [CSP]), wind, biomass and geothermal resources in these states. Absent new policy drivers and without the extension of the DOE loan guarantee program and Treasury's 1603 program, state RPS requirements are likely to remain a primary driver for new RE deployment in the western United States. Assuming no additional policy incentives are implemented, projected RE demand for the WECC states by 2020 is 134,000 GWh. Installed capacity to meet that demand will need to be within the range of 28,000-46,000 MW.

  17. Collapse: Language, Real Estate, Material Culture, and the Poetics of Interior Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ash, Amy Kierzek

    2014-05-31

    Collapse is a poetry manuscript that explores place and identity, space and confinement, socioeconomic conditions, family structures, gender roles, natural disasters, building, re-building, and collapse, all against the ...

  18. United States Department of the Interior U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    bioenergetics modeling approaches. Finally, we eliminated all sampling of native northern pikeminnow by Predation Workshop participants. In summary, while the previously proposed telemetry and bioenergetics

  19. The Distressed School Committee, Interiors of Modern Play, and Olivia's Passionate Sketches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevens, Rhoads Elliott

    2009-04-28

    . He says, ?That?s the guy who died at the zoo. I?ve got some of the animals he tied himself to in my truck. But I need to send whoever has the other tuck to go back for the rest.? 11 THE CILING I squirted a light machine oil?it?s sewing... machine oil?onto a pile of my brother?s work coverals. Then I gathered up the pile and put it on the stovetop of the electric range. I turned the dials al to nines, and soon the top of the stove was big flames. I rang a bras ship?s bel we had...

  20. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and · Assessing building safety immedi- ately following a damaging quake. Although progress has been limited. This building was not instrumented with seismic sensors. Accordingly, no data were obtained to understand how earthquakes are currently equipped with seismic sensors. However, recordings from such sensors are critical

  1. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strategic Plan: Fiscal Years 2007­2011 #12;This page has been left blank intentionally. #12;USGS Information, 2006, USGS Information Technology Strategic Plan: Fiscal Years 2007­2011: U.S. Geological Survey. #12;USGS Information Technology Strategic Plan: Fiscal Years 2007­2011 Background on USGS Mission

  2. 1116 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MEDICAL IMAGING, VOL. 30, NO. 5, MAY 2011 Statistical Interior Tomography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Ge

    -known as-low-as- reasonably-achievable (ALARA) principle is widely accepted in the medical CT community

  3. Convergence analysis of a balalncing domain decomposition method for solving interior Helmholtz equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jing

    2009-01-01

    pp. 1429–1435. [7] Xiao-Chuan Cai, Mario A. Casarin, Jr.Charbel Farhat, and Xiao-Chuan Cai, eds. , vol. 218 of1997, pp. 391–399. Xiao-Chuan Cai and Olof Widlund, Domain

  4. The Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT) U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. Geological Survey USGS Fact Sheet 064-02 2002 U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY--REDUCING THE RISK FROM VOLCANO HAZARDS Team (KVERT). This was done in close col- laboration with the Alaska Volcano Observa- tory (AVO

  5. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be secured from the individual copyright owners. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Suggested.............................................................................................................................4 Characteristics and Trends in Flow Distribution..............................................................................4 Recent Measurements of Streamflow and Potential Trends

  6. United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Servi<:e

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    statistics are worthy only to the extent that they are reasonably complete and continuous in space and time a constant proportion of it, as they probably did until recent years, these requirements have been fulfilled increasing by leaps and bounds, and the total of their catches has reached proportions that can no longer

  7. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    history. Their evaluation enabled them to alert people in ar- eas at risk and also provide critical advice.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY--REDUCING THE RISK FROM VOLCANO HAZARDS N GUS S he world's only volcano crisis re- sponse to reduce risks from volcano hazards in the United States. Station at Subic Bay, 25 miles from Pinatubo

  8. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT 8F THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    s a r o s e as clam bakes and shore dinner s b ecame inc r ea singly popular durmg the summer. Clams

  9. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    propiedades. Este dibujo simplificado muestra un volcán del tipo al que pertenecen la mayoría de los volcanes "derrumbes gigantes") o los flujos (o "crecidas" o "corrientes") de lodo o lahares pueden ocurrir aun cuando

  10. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ), river bluff failures, lateral spreading landslides, collapse of mine-waste piles (especially coal scarp Head Main scarp Crown cracks Crown Surface of rupture Main body Toe of surface of ruptureFoot Surface of separation Toe Radial cracks Transverse ridges Figure 1. An idealized slump-earth flow showing

  11. An Interior-Point Method for Long Term Scheduling of Large Scale Hydrothermal System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliveira, Aurélio R. L.

    that embraces time frames ranging from the long term energy hydroelectric resources control to electric of the reservoirs in order to maximize the hydroelectric production and, as a result, minimize the thermoelectric storage target. It should comprise a detailed representation of both: hydroelectric plants hydraulic

  12. Applying petroleum geophysics to astrophysics: Quantitative 4D seismic study of the solar interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, Ian

    Applying petroleum geophysics to astrophysics: Quantitative 4D seismic study, is to a significant extent based on tomographic methods developed in geophysics. The proposed time-lapse seismic methods developed in petroleum geophysics offer the next

  13. U.S. Departments of Energy and Interior Announce Site for Solar...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    (pdf - 136kb). For more information on the Solar Energy Technologies Program and solar funding opportunities, please visit the Solar Program's website. Lean more...

  14. UNITED STATES DEPARIJl.1ENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH .AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Belmont B. A. Paoline &W. W. Edwards, 5594 E. Tulare Walton H. Johnson, 85 Fifth St. Earl Hopkins, Box 76

  15. U.S. Department of the Interior December 2013 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , in early 2014. Finished products were to include galvanized electrical utility and petrochemical equipment stocks data is in the process of b

  16. CAN POLARIZED LIGHTING PANELS REDUCE ENERGY CONSUPTION AND IMPROVE VISIBILITY IN BUILDING INTERIORS?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berman, S.

    2011-01-01

    65: 504. Effectiveness of Lighting Systems. 12. Blackwell,Factors to Practical Lighting Design and Appl. 4 (5): 45-53.communication with Bill Jones, Lighting Research Laboratory,

  17. Demand response-enabled autonomous control for interior space conditioning in residential buildings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xue

    2008-01-01

    objectives: improving energy eciency, trading electricityBerkeley. by trading the time when energy is used. Under

  18. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    air pollution and to enhance public awareness of this hazard. tons of irritating sulfur dioxide (SO2 is lower, the gas bubbles out and escapes. Air pollution caused by SO2 and other gases emitted from Kïlauea," an ab- breviation for volcanic smog, was coined to identify this form of air pollution, which unfor

  19. Yosemite National Park National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LeTourneau, Peter M.

    and distribution of lichens tell us a great deal about air quality and the level of certain types of pollution discriminate between nutrients and pollutants. As a result, both pollutants and nutrients are absorbed. When pollutants accumulate above certain levels, lichen growth and health are impaired. Since individual species

  20. Quaternary Science Reviews 21 (2002) 16931704 Interior hydrography and circulation of the glacial Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynch-Stieglitz, Jean

    2002-01-01

    has a large capacity to store heat and various dissolved species of gases and salts. In addition shorter than that for plate tectonics, the total surface carbon reservoir in the atmosphere

  1. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    less energy. Copper rotors have also recently been found to increase the efficiency of electric motors to be a material of choice for a variety of domestic, industrial, and high-technology applications today. Presently manufacturing, and the production of industrial machinery and transportation vehicles. Copper wiring

  2. Demand response-enabled autonomous control for interior space conditioning in residential buildings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xue

    2008-01-01

    Spt heating Spt radiation Time [hour] map dramatically. Formap is subject to much noise due to the impact from sun radiation and

  3. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , is found from southern Japan northward to the Island of Sakhalin; the masu is an important commercial fish

  4. Publications of the Volcano Hazards Program 2008 U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Geothermal Research, v. 170, p. 12-23. Bacon, C.R., 2008, Geologic map of Mount Mazama and Crater Lake.M., 2008, Water-chemistry data for selected springs, geysers, and streams in Yellowstone National Park and prehistoric cultural transitions in Cook Inlet, Alaska: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 176

  5. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of which is heated ground water (underground water from rain- fall and streams). Other common volcanic gas can dam- age crops, electronics, and machinery. Pyroclastic Flow Pyroclastic Flow Eruption Column

  6. The magnetism of the solar interior for a complete MHD solar vision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Turck-Chieze; T. Appourchaux; J. Ballot; G. Berthomieu; P. Boumier; A. S. Brun; A. Cacciani; J. Christensen-Dalsgaard; T. Corbard; S. Couvidat; A. Eff-Darwich; B. Dintrans; E. Fossat; R. A. Garcia; B. Gelly; L. Gizon; D. Gough; A. Jimenez; S. Jimenez-Reyes; A. Kosovishev; P. Lambert; I. Lopes; M. Martic; S. Mathis; N. Meunier; P. A. Nghiem; P. Palle; L. Piau; J. Provost; M. Rieutord; J. M. Robillot; T. Roudier; I. Roxburgh; J. P. Rozelot; S. Solanki; S. Talon; M. Thompson; G. Thuillier; S. Vauclair; J. P. Zahn

    2005-10-31

    The solar magnetism is no more considered as a purely superficial phenomenon. The SoHO community has shown that the length of the solar cycle depends on the transition region between radiation and convection. Nevertheless, the internal solar (stellar) magnetism stays poorly known. Starting in 2008, the American instrument HMI/SDO and the European microsatellite PICARD will enrich our view of the Sun-Earth relationship. Thus obtaining a complete MHD solar picture is a clear objective for the next decades and it requires complementary observations of the dynamics of the radiative zone. For that ambitious goal, space prototypes are being developed to improve gravity mode detection. The Sun is unique to progress on the topology of deep internal magnetic fields and to understand the complex mechanisms which provoke photospheric and coronal magnetic changes and possible longer cycles important for human life. We propose the following roadmap in Europe to contribute to this "impressive" revolution in Astronomy and in our Sun-Earth relationship: SoHO (1995-2007), PICARD (2008-2010), DynaMICS (2009-2017) in parallel to SDO (2008-2017) then a world-class mission located at the L1 orbit or above the solar poles.

  7. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    winds of a coincidentally occurring typhoon, and winds at higher altitudes blew the ash southwestward, University of Cambridge.) earthquakes and caused powerful steam explosions that blasted three craters by the volcano. #12;volcanic ash (sand- and silt-size grains of volcanic minerals and glass) and larger pumice

  8. Electromagnetic probing of the lunar interior in the frequency region from one kilohertz to ten kilohertz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reisz, Albert Colbert

    1970-01-01

    For probable values of the lunar electromagnetic properties, a transverse magnetic surface wave may be propagated along the solar wind plasma-moon interface in the frequency range from about one kilohertz to about ten ...

  9. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR U.S. FIsH AND WILDLIFE SERVICII

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . FL 359 Manufacturers of equipment for the fish processing industries. FL 374 Freezing and canning Crab pot construction (Chesapeake Bay type). Freezing and canning king crab. Pasteurization of crab meat. Dungeness crab pots . Edible crabs of the United States . FL 498 Culture. handling

  10. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    Graphite Peat Talc Beryllium Gypsum Perlite Tantalum Bismuth Hafnium Phosphate Rock Tellurium Boron Helium information on the USGS--the Federal source for science about the Earth, its natural and living resources--Reserves and Resources.....................193 Appendix D--Country Specialists Directory...............198 Mineral

  11. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    Lithium Magnesium Manganese Mercury Mica Molybdenum Nickel Nitrogen Peat Perlite Phosphate Rock Platinum Molybdenum Nickel Nitrogen Peat Perlite Phosphate Rock Platinum Potash Pumice Quartz Crystal Rare Earths..............................................................194 Appendix C--A Resource/Reserve Classification for Minerals

  12. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleskes, Joe

    Graphite Peat Talc Beryllium Gypsum Perlite Tantalum Bismuth Hafnium Phosphate Rock Tellurium Boron Helium information on the USGS--the Federal source for science about the Earth, its natural and living resources--Reserves and Resources.....................193 Appendix D--Country Specialists Directory...............197 Mineral

  13. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    Lithium Magnesium Manganese Mercury Mica Molybdenum Nickel Nitrogen Peat Perlite Phosphate Rock Platinum Molybdenum Nickel Nitrogen Peat Perlite Phosphate Rock Platinum Potash Pumice Quartz Crystal Rare Earths..............................................................192 Appendix C--A Resource/Reserve Classification for Minerals

  14. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    Lithium Magnesium Manganese Mercury Mica Molybdenum Nickel Nitrogen Peat Perlite Phosphate Rock Platinum Nickel Stone Barite Germanium Nitrogen Strontium Bauxite Gold Peat Sulfur Beryllium Graphite Perlite Talc, its natural and living resources, natural hazards, and the environment: World Wide Web: http

  15. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    Lithium Magnesium Manganese Mercury Mica Molybdenum Nickel Nitrogen Peat Perlite Phosphate Rock Platinum..............................................................192 Appendix C--A Resource/Reserve Classification for Minerals

  16. U.S. Geological Survey U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Reston, Virginia: 2006 For product and ordering information: World Wide Web: http, its natural and living resources, natural hazards, and the environment: World Wide Web: http Sampling ....................................................................................... 5 Deep

  17. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    storage tanks. Another goal of stormwater BMPs is to provide water- quality treatment of stormwater runoff, storm filters for nutrients, and oil and grease separators. Some of these BMPs Figure 1. Examples of Urban Stormwater-Management Strategies on Stream-Water Quantity and Quality Printed on recycled paper

  18. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, STEWART L. UDALL, SECRETARY Fish and Wildlife Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and the United States. IDENTIFICATION This disease derives its name from the rapid, tail-chasing type of whirling. and black tail are less striking as survivors grow older and these symptoms tcnd to disappear in one to two measures Destroy all fish from ponds containing fish known to be infected. Incineration or deep burial

  19. UnitE;ld States DejJartment of the Interior Fish and ;";ildlife Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , the anal i n the female is dark~edr~ed; t~e caudal, or tail, has 3 or 4 irrer.;ular transvors(-; rovrs.l- pletely cove:r their bodies. Thoy thrive:: in ponds vj.sited by cattle , horses, and hogs, also in ',oale

  20. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    soil carbon, with the release of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) to the atmosphere by stimulated oxidation the ability to incorporate flux tower records and remote sensing data to quantify exchanges of carbon) and ecosystem respiration (Re) are the fundamental environmental characteristics that promote carbon exchanges

  1. Departments of Energy and Interior Announce $26.6 Million in...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    environmental performance designs to increase electricity generation while mitigating fish and habitat impacts and enhancing downstream water quality. As an example, concepts...

  2. Printed on recycled paper U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (similar to chars generated by forest fires) that is made for incorporation into soils to increase soil

  3. o UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Resources Section, General Headquarters, Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers. Tokyo, issued in December of Trawlers ·· of Licer.se System · · · · · · · · aDd. the Conservation of rleacurces · · ~ormal Cperaticns ···· 5. Danish SeiDe TrawlicJg in Japen Sea. Combined Operations of Trawlers and Factory Ships · 1

  4. A PROCEDURE FOR CALCULATING INTERIOR DAYLIGHT ILLUMINATION WITH A PROGRAMMABLE HAND CALCULATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryan, H.J.

    2010-01-01

    Reflected Component or IRC). The total for these threeDaylight Factor = SC + ERC + IRC THE SKY COMPONENT The skyfrom ground Overcast Sky The IRC is the ratio between the

  5. Single Step Channeling in Glass Interior by Femtosecond Laser Panjawat Kongsuwan, Hongliang Wang, Y. Lawrence Yao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Y. Lawrence

    as a revolutionary technique for creating 3D microfluidic structures inside transparent substrates [2]. Laser the material. Tightly focusing of a single femtosecond laser pulse using proper optical and laser processing processing procedures to form 3D microstructures. Femtosecond laser micromachining has emerged

  6. Demand response-enabled autonomous control for interior space conditioning in residential buildings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xue

    2008-01-01

    T. Turkel, Rethinking electricity rates could reduce costs,lighting device showing electricity rates and even an alarmheater status, and electricity rate (in the context of DR),

  7. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR q^^ FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and cheaper in the long run, particularly if the operation to be protected is within small, well, to discourage digging. In addition, a single-strand electric wire 8 inches above the ground and 8 inches as fur or game species. Since statutes governing the taking of predators vary, it is well to be familiar

  8. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, Stewart L. Udall, Secretory James K. Carr, Under Secretary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) Ltd., London, England. Dassow, John A., Lynne G. McKee, and Richard W. Nelson. Develop. 108-110. HoffIn an, Carl p. Jr., and Donald S. Fitz- gibbon. Report on the 1961 transportation re

  9. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, STEWART L. UDALL, SECRETARY FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to the use of Diesel engines on all but the smal lest vessels. Advantages in greater safety, lower fuel cost at competitive prices. To meet competition, more efficient harvesting of existing fish stocks is necessary in an adequate payload are essential, and for trawling, where the price may be expec ted to be low per landed

  10. UNITED STATES DEPAR.TMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to express freed oil and water, and centrifuging to separate the oil from the press liquor. The oil in paint products. The marine oil industry is continually advancing in technology and seeking new ways. Marine oil alkyds have advanced marine oils into what is probably the most ver- satile, durable

  11. Adaptive Discontinuous Galerkin Finite Element Methods with Interior Penalty for the Compressible

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartmann, Ralf

    Navier{Stokes Equations Ralf Hartmann 1 and Paul Houston 2 1 Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology, German Aerospace Center, Lilienthalplatz 7, 38108 Braunschweig, Germany. Email: Ralf.Hartmann ] T and #12; 2 Hartmann and Houston f v i = [0; #28; 1i ; #28; 2i ; #28; i1 v 1 + #28; i2 v 2 +KT x i

  12. Int. Conference on Boundary and Interior Layers G. Lube, G. Rapin (Eds)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartmann, Ralf

    of the compressible Euler equations Ralf Hartmann Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Lilienthalplatz 7, 38108 Braunschweig, Germany, Ralf.Hartmann@dlr.de, and Institute

  13. A FULL SCALE ROOM FOR THE EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF INTERIOR BUILDING CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    heated panel system mounted on the inside of the cells. ASHRAE Standard 51 was employed for volumetric air flow measurement. A water source heat pump provided chilled water to a fan-coil unit which in turn on volumetric air flow measurement and an overall room heat balance. Analysis was directed at results from

  14. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . With Louisianas coastal wetlands converting to open water at a rate of 25-35 square miles (65-91 square kilometers to provide a new fur resource and to control problem plants such as the water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes in the 1950s, the Louisiana legislature promoted fur harvest by offering a $0.25 bounty in 16 parishes

  15. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Cadmium in Automated, Semiautomated, and Manual Colorimetric Methods for Determination of Nitrate Plus Available Nitrate Reductase Enzymes Evaluated as Replacements for Cadmium in Automated, Semiautomated Analytical Properties of Some Commercially Available Nitrate Reductase Enzymes Evaluated as Replacements

  16. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and living resources, natural hazards, and the environment: World Wide Web: http://www.usgs.gov Telephone: 1...................................................................................................................................................8 Field Measurement Locations ............................................................................................................8 Water-Quality Sampling Locations

  17. A synthetic float analysis of upper-limb meridional overturning circulation interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the deep water formation that occurs at high latitudes. North Atlantic Deep Water formed near Iceland. The resulting overturning system of cold deep water exiting and warmer surface water entering the North Atlantic that eventually reaches the subpolar North Atlantic. This could then influence the deep water formation rate

  18. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    springs and natural steam vents and drives three geothermal power plants, pro- ducing a combined 40-long caldera. Magma still underlies the caldera and heats underground water. The heated water feeds local hot

  19. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    revenue · Lead to lost human, industrial, agricultural, and forest productivity · Cause damage, storm surges, hurricanes, wildfires, or volcanic activity. They are often more damaging and deadly than

  20. Monitoring the Earth's Dynamic Magnetic Field U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . USGS data also are used by the pipeline and electrical power grid industries, as well as for academic. The Program is an integral part of the U.S. Government's National Space Weather Program (NSWP), which also (NSF). The NSWP works to provide timely, accurate, and reliable space weather warnings, observations

  1. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and that are cost-effective and have potential for success. Research Examples: Balancing Wind Energy Development with Wildlife Conservation: Domestic wind power has many benefits, including diversification of the nation is key to helping managers and policy- makers make informed and balanced decisions about natural

  2. A constructive interior penalty method for optimal control problems with state and input constraints.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    considered in finite dimensional optimization problem is employed. An augmented performance index. It is constructed as the sum of the original cost function and so-called penalty functions that have some diverging index can then be optimized in the absence of constraints, yielding a biased estimate of the solution

  3. Probing the Earth's interior with a large-volume liquid scintillator detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kathrin A. Hochmuth; Franz v. Feilitzsch; Brian D. Fields; Teresa Marrodan Undagoitia; Lothar Oberauer; Walter Potzel; Georg G. Raffelt; Michael Wurm

    2006-10-04

    A future large-volume liquid scintillator detector would provide a high-statistics measurement of terrestrial antineutrinos originating from $\\beta$-decays of the uranium and thorium chains. In addition, the forward displacement of the neutron in the detection reaction $\\bar\

  4. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    about the microbiota (bacteria and fungi). Why do the microbes matter? Microbes are ecosystem architects! All underwater surfaces are rapidly covered in biofilms of living things, starting with microbes to grow there. In this way, the microbes affect the eventual community structure of the visible fauna

  5. A paucity of bulk entangling surfaces: AdS wormholes with de Sitter interiors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischetti, S; Marolf, D; Wall, AC

    2015-01-01

    Inside the horizon with AdS / CFT, Phys.Rev. D67 (2003)entanglement entropy from AdS/CFT, Phys.Rev.Lett. 96 (2006)dual to Reissner-Nordstrm AdS 5 , JHEP 1404 (2014) 023, [

  6. The effect of interior shape and size of clarinet mouthpieces on intonation and tone quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehner, Walter L.

    1961-05-01

    The selection of correct mouthpieces for clarinet students is of major importance to the clarinet teacher and the music educator. It is generally assumed that the mouthpiece is instrumental in the development of fine ...

  7. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of U.S. Forest and Soil Organic Carbon Storage and Forest Biomass Carbon Sequestration Capacity #12 and Soil Organic Carbon Storage and Forest Biomass Carbon Sequestration Capacity By Eric T. Sundquist,1 carbon sequestration capacity: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009­1283, 15 p., available

  8. Strait of Juan deFuca U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for developing baseline information to evaluate the effects of the dams, as well as to measure ecosystem, and the salmon recolonization of the Elwha River wilderness will provide useful information for society as future integrated research and monitoring activities in the Elwha River ecosystem. Studies are focusing on comparing

  9. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to replace 30 percent of current gasoline levels by 2030 and (2) reduce ethanol costs to prices that are competitive with gasoline by 2012. The Mississippi Delta--Consequences of Biofuels Production from a Local

  10. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    What is Ground Water? How does water get into the ground? When rain falls to the ground, the water does evaporates and returns to the atmosphere, and some seeps into the ground. Water seeps into the ground much like a glass of water poured onto a pile of sand. As water seeps into the ground, some of it clings

  11. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    paper What is in the water? Is it safe for drinking? Can fish and other aquatic life thrive in streams and lakes that are affected by human activities? What is the water quality? To answer these questions, it is helpful to under- stand what "water quality" means, how it is determined, and the nat- ural processes

  12. U.S. Department of the Interior October 2013 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ., and Kenergy Corp. enabling Century to purchase power at spot market rates. Power purchased on the open market contract expired. Century was seeking a similar agreement to replace the power supply contract for its 205 on Hawesville power from Kentucky Public Service Commission: Chicago, IL, Century Aluminum Co. press release

  13. U.S. Department of the Interior May 2013 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,000-t/yr Hawesville, KY, smelter. Under the agreement, Big Rivers and Kenergy would purchase power than the amount in March 2012. Century Aluminum Co. (Monterey, CA) entered an agreement to purchase). Century reached a power supply agreement with Big Rivers Electric Corp. and Kenergy Corp. for the 244

  14. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    ­5294 Geology and Resources of Some World Oil-Shale Deposits #12;Cover. Left: New Paraho Co. experimental oil specimen of Green River oil shale interbedded with gray layers of volcanic tuff from the Mahogany zone. Bottom right: Block diagram of the oil shale resources in the Mahogany zone in about 1,100 square miles

  15. Publications of the Volcano Hazards Program 2009 U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Density and lithospheric strength models of the Yellowstone­Snake River Plain volcanic system from gravity

  16. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Level Changes in the Eastern Snake River Plain Aquifer at and near the Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho, 1949, Idaho, April 13, 2015.) #12;Hydrologic Influences on Water-Level Changes in the Eastern Snake River River Plain aquifer at and near the Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho, 1949­2014: U.S. Geological Survey

  17. Regional Climate Effect on Population Abundance of Major Duck Species in Interior Plains of Canada 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Mengmeng

    2013-05-06

    to the long-term breeding population data gathered by Waterfowl Breeding Population and Habitat Survey and monthly weather data from Environment Canada in order to explore the pattern in the duck abundance data and the effect of local weather on population...

  18. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the expanding suburbs of Seattle and Tacoma, Washington. Each year almost two million visitors come to Mount and Tacoma. Mount Rainier's next eruption might be of similar or larger size and could produce volcanic ash

  19. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    and Production 6.9 billion barrels of oil consumption by U.S. annually (EIA) Production to date1 Williston of oil ~22% of Williston Basin production has been from the Bakken-Three Forks 1: Production numbers · Denbury Resources · Enerplus Corp. · Fidelity Exploration & Production · Hess Corp. · Kodiak Oil & Gas

  20. Corpos no interior de um recipiente fechado e transparente em queda livre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lunazzi, Jose Joaquin

    2008-01-01

    Neste artigo discutimos uma nova demonstracao experimental da independencia das propriedades dos corpos (massa, composicao quimica, forma, etc.) na queda livre. Eh uma das experiencias mais simples, porem uma das mais importantes da Mecanica, tendo sido realizada e repensada repetidamente por diversos cientistas tais como Galileu e Newton. Nossa versao eh introduzir dentro de uma garrafa fechada e transparente uma pena e uma pedra observando a queda simultanea destes corpos. Por nao haver a necessidade de produzir vacuo, esta versao pode ser repetida por qualquer aluno e professor de ensino medio e universitario em qualquer ambiente, evidenciando sua viabilidade e aplicabilidade na sala de aula. English version of abstract: In this paper we discuss a new experimental demonstration of the independence of the properties of bodies (mass, chemical composition, shape, etc) in free fall. This is one of the simplest experiments in mechanics, though one of the most important ones, having been repeatedly carried out a...

  1. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    develop new information, theories, and tech- niques to understand, anticipate, and solve water research needs that will be pertinent to hydrologic science issues of the future. New information, theories new areas of inquiry and the demand for new tools and techniques with which to address water

  2. U.S. Departments of Energy and Interior Announce Site for Solar...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    leadership of Senator Reid, we will demonstrate technologies that will lower the cost of solar energy, accelerate the pace of innovation, and help build a clean energy...

  3. Nuclear electron capture rate in stellar interiors and the case of 7Be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Quarati; A. M. Scarfone

    2008-11-25

    Nuclear electron capture rate from continuum in an astrophysical plasma environment (like solar core) is calculated using a modified Debye-Huckel screening potential and the related non-Gaussian q-distribution of electron momenta. For q=1 the well-known Debye-Huckel results are recovered. The value of q can be derived from the fluctuation of number of particles and temperature inside the Debye sphere. For 7Be continuum electron capture in solar core, we find an increase of 7 -- 10 percent over the rate calculated with standard Debye-Huckel potential. The consequence of this results is a reduction of the same percentage of the SSM 8B solar neutrino flux, leaving unchanged the SSM 7Be flux.

  4. Protective interior wall and attach8ing means for a fusion reactor vacuum vessel

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Phelps, Richard D. (Greeley, CO); Upham, Gerald A. (Valley Center, CA); Anderson, Paul M. (San Diego, CA)

    1988-01-01

    An array of connected plates mounted on the inside wall of the vacuum vessel of a magnetic confinement reactor in order to provide a protective surface for energy deposition inside the vessel. All fasteners are concealed and protected beneath the plates, while the plates themselves share common mounting points. The entire array is installed with torqued nuts on threaded studs; provision also exists for thermal expansion by mounting each plate with two of its four mounts captured in an oversize grooved spool. A spool-washer mounting hardware allows one edge of a protective plate to be torqued while the other side remains loose, by simply inverting the spool-washer hardware.

  5. A system for optimizing interior daylight distribution using reflective Venetian blinds with independent blind angle control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGuire, Molly E

    2005-01-01

    An operational algorithm for blind angle control is developed to optimize the daylighting performance of a system of reflective Venetian blinds. Numerical modeling and experiment confirm that independent control of alternating ...

  6. PHOTO GUIDE FOR APPRAISING DOWNED WOODY MASTICATED FUELS IN INTERIOR PONDEROSA PINE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Station, Ogden, Utah. Hornby, L.G. 1936. Fire control planning in the northern Rocky Mountain region. USDA allows one to determine expected fire behavior and smoke production. Stand conditions such as pre- and post-treatment basal area and stems per acre provide insight into woody fuel production and eventual

  7. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hazards Response Products and Services When disaster strikes there is often an urgent need and high demand on recycled paper United States Geological Survey (USGS) Natural Hazards Response The primary goal of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Natural Hazards Response is to ensure that the disaster response community has

  8. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 160 (2007) 5159 Making sound inferences from geomagnetic sounding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Constable, Steve

    2007-01-01

    sounding. Backus­Gilbert theory is fundamentally a linear theory, and if the inverse problem is nonlinear; accepted 8 September 2006 Abstract We examine the nonlinear inverse problem of electromagnetic induction is based completely on optimization theory for an all-at-once approach to inverting frequency

  9. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Center-pivot irrigation, Mitchell County, Georgia (photo by Alan Cressler, USGS). D, Windmill on Pawnee

  10. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR u.s. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERIES FISHERMEN'S ATLAS OF MONTHLY SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURES FOR THE GULF OF MEXICO By LUIS R. RIVAS 4 4 5 5 #12;Fishermen's Atlas of Monthly Sea Surface Temperatures for the Gulf of Mexico By LUIS R interest in the fisheries and marine biology of the Gulf of Mexico, especially since the report of Galtsoff

  11. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Arizona 2002 Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4013 U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY #12;For additional .............................................................................................................................. 10 The Power-Function Approach ......................................................................................................................... 14 Historical Wind Energy and Di

  12. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LAKE Langtry Del Rio Eagle Pass Monterrey Matamoros Brownsville Albuquerque Socorro Laredo Ojinaga BIG of new contami- nants, and successful efforts in environmental pollution remedi- ation. Historical data

  13. A PROCEDURE FOR CALCULATING INTERIOR DAYLIGHT ILLUMINATION WITH A PROGRAMMABLE HAND CALCULATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryan, H.J.

    2010-01-01

    SKY Y-COOR. 1COORDINATES Table 2. LUMEN II DAYLIGHTINGFROM CLEAR SKY X-COORDINATES Y-COOR. Table 4, LUMEN II

  14. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    -based assessment of conventional and continuous oil and gas resources of the Devonian Three Forks Formation fracturing, which stimulates movement of hydrocarbons in tight-oil reservoirs. Approximately 450 million bar Basin Province boundary Bakken TPS Middle Bakken Conventional AU Nesson-Little Knife Continuous Oil AU

  15. Effects of wildfire and permafrost on soil organic matter and soil climate in interior Alaska

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turetsky, Merritt

    Abstract The influence of discontinuous permafrost on ground-fuel storage, combustion losses, and postfire and nonpermafrost). Soil organic layers (which comprise ground-fuel storage) were thicker in permafrost than and thermal setting for variations in vegetation, decomposition, and carbon balance across these landscapes

  16. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Tephra jets & littoral fountains hurl hot lava · Steam blasts toss rocks · Acid fumes and glass particles's ongoing eruption. This occurs when seawater enters the lava tube, flashes into steam, and blows lava

  17. Technology Solutions Case Study: Interior Foundation Insulation Upgrade-Madison Residence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-10-01

    This basement insulation project included a dimple mat conveying inbound moisture to a draintile, airtight spray polyurethane foam wall and floor insulation, and radiant floor heat installation

  18. Solution-Procesed Small-Molecule OLED Luminaire for Interior Illumination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parker, Ian

    2012-02-29

    Prototype lighting panels and luminaires were fabricated using DuPont Displaysâ?? solution-processed small-molecule OLED technology. These lighting panels were based on a spatially-patterned, 3-color design, similar in concept to an OLED display panel, with materials chosen to maximize device efficacy. The majority of the processing steps take place in air (rather than high vacuum). Optimization of device architecture, processing and construction was undertaken, with a final prototype design of 50 cm{sup 2} being fabricated and tested. Performance of these panels reached 35 lm/W at illuminant-A. A unique feature of this technology is the ability to color tune the emission, and color temperatures ranging from 2700 to > 6,500K were attained in the final build. Significant attention was paid to low-cost fabrication techniques.

  19. U.S. Department of the Interior June 2013 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    materials such as aluminum fluoride, cryolite, and petroleum coke owing to financial problems. CVG planned that it had shut down 115,000 t/yr of its 460,000-t/yr Angul smelter in early May. A shortage of coal for its

  20. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of small steam explo- sions coming from the volcano, which had been intermittently active during the past's a flood coming." Mrs. Hall quickly spread the alarm downstream by telephone, and then the family scrambled

  1. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    months could melt heavy snow packs, generating mudflows and locally destructive flooding. Most likely the past 5,000 years. Such eruptions typically begin with a series of steam-blast explosions as rising

  2. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and transporting millions of tons of sedi- ment downstream. Years later, hot dome rocks are still steaming, Crater. The spines collapse to form a steaming mound of lava called a lava dome. Split in two by the growing dome of sediment moved downstream, clogging rivers and increasing the threat of floods

  3. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breccia-Pipe Uranium Mining in Northern Arizona-- Estimate of Resources and Assessment of Historical be dissolved or broken down and dispersed by wind and water. Uranium mining in the Grand Can- yon region peaked them. Each year, about 1,750 to 2,250 tons of uranium oxide are mined domesti- cally. The remainder

  4. Superfluidity in the Solar Interior: Implications for Solar Eruptions and Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manuel, O; Friberg, S E

    2002-01-01

    Efforts to understand unusual weather or abrupt changes in climate have been plagued by deficiencies of the standard solar model (SSM). While it assumes that our primary source of energy began as a homogeneous ball of hydrogen (H) with a steady, well-behaved H-fusion reactor at its core, observations instead reveal a very heterogeneous, dynamic Sun. As examples, the upward acceleration and departure of H+ ions from the surface of the quiet Sun and abrupt climatic changes, including geomagnetic reversals and periodic magnetic storms that eject material from the solar surface are not explained by the SSM. The present magnetic fields are probably deep-seated remnants of very ancient origin. These could have been generated from two mechanisms. These are: a) Bose-Einstein condensation of iron-rich, zero-spin material into a rotating, superfluid, superconductor surrounding the solar core and/or b) superfluidity and quantized vortices in nucleon-paired Fermions at the core.

  5. Superfluidity in the Solar Interior: Implications for Solar Eruptions and Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Manuel; B. W. Ninham; S. E. Friberg

    2005-01-20

    Efforts to understand unusual weather or abrupt changes in climate have been plagued by deficiencies of the standard solar model (SSM). While it assumes that our primary source of energy began as a homogeneous ball of hydrogen (H) with a steady, well-behaved H-fusion reactor at its core, observations instead reveal a very heterogeneous, dynamic Sun. As examples, the upward acceleration and departure of H+ ions from the surface of the quiet Sun and abrupt climatic changes, including geomagnetic reversals and periodic magnetic storms that eject material from the solar surface are not explained by the SSM. The present magnetic fields are probably deep-seated remnants of very ancient origin. These could have been generated from two mechanisms. These are: a) Bose-Einstein condensation of iron-rich, zero-spin material into a rotating, superfluid, superconductor surrounding the solar core and/or b) superfluidity and quantized vortices in nucleon-paired Fermions at the core.

  6. POINT VORTEX DYNAMICS FOR COUPLED SURFACE/INTERIOR QG AND PROPAGATING HETON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Chjan C.

    and analyzed two­layer heton models for studying the spreading phase of penetrative open ocean convection. Deep FOR OCEAN CONVECTION by Chjan C. Lim Andrew J. Majda Mathematical Sciences Dept. Courant Inst. Mathematical for open ocean convection as a response to spatially localized intense surface cool­ ing. In such heton

  7. Dynamics in the Interior of AOT Lamellae Investigated with Two-Dimensional Infrared Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fayer, Michael D.

    and with increasing surfactant concentration. For example, the surfactant AOT (aerosol-OT, sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfo- succinate) in mixtures with water with increasing AOT concentration at room temperature goes diffusion is quantified by the frequency-frequency correlation function (FFCF). In addition to a homogeneous

  8. Interior Nucleation of Martensite in a Cubic-to-Tetragonal Phase Transformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anton Muehlemann

    2015-07-20

    Using a variational model based on non-linear elasticity we investigate whether in a cubic-to-tetragonal phase transformation it is energetically preferable to nucleate martensite within austenite. Under minimal growth assumptions on the free energy density $W$ away from the wells, we derive explicit upper bounds on $W^{qc}({\\mathbb{I}})$, i.e. on the macroscopic free energy density of a region that has been macroscopically deformed by the identity map. The bounds only depend on material parameters, the temperature difference and the growth of $W$ away from the wells. By comparing $W^{qc}({\\mathbb{I}})$ and $W({\\mathbb{I}})$ we conclude that nucleation is always energetically preferable and are able to provide quantitative upper bounds for the gain in negative energy due to nucleation.

  9. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    Petroleum Resources Project An Estimate of Recoverable Heavy Oil Resources of the Orinoco Oil Belt barrels of technically recoverable heavy oil in the Orinoco Oil Belt Assessment Unit of the East Venezuela along a forebulge that formed south of the foreland basin (Bartok, 2003). The heavy oil in the Orinoco

  10. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ito, Garrett

    , ground-water resources can be limited because of water-quality, environmental, or economic concerns zone. In the unsaturated zone, the pore spaces in rocks contain both air and water, whereas, annual rainfall is greater than 400 inches. In general, southwestern, leeward sides of the islands

  11. AL SCIENTIFIC REPORT-FISHERIES No. 593 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ), skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis), yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares), blackfin tuna (T. atlanti- cus

  12. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis). Skipjack tuna are the basis of by far the largest fishery in Hawaii

  13. Protein core The amino acids in the interior are on average more hydrophobic than the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Sheldon

    area (ASA) corresponds to the area traced out by the center of a probe sphere of radius 1.4 Å.553 1.65 ATOM 10 CA MET A1000 1.193 145.597 51.902 3.260 1.87 ATOM 11 C MET A1000 1.681 144.162 52.120 1

  14. U.S. Department of the Interior April 2013 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    was almost 50,000 t. The increase in lead imports may be the result of consumers seeking alternative sources suppliers that were using LME- based pricing. Some consumers might have started boosting their lead stocks

  15. Protective interior wall and attaching means for a fusion reactor vacuum vessel

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Phelps, R.D.; Upham, G.A.; Anderson, P.M.

    1985-03-01

    The wall basically consists of an array of small rectangular plates attached to the existing walls with threaded fasteners. The protective wall effectively conceals and protects all mounting hardware beneath the plate array, while providing a substantial surface area that will absorb plasma energy.

  16. Terrestrial Planet Interiors fet Propulsion l-aboratory, Caffirnia Institute of Techno,loSy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Jennifer M.

    ,loSy J. M. Jackson Caffirnia Institute of Technology S. Seager Massachus etts Institute of Tbchnology discovered, mass vs. radius statistics will build up. The hope for terrestrial exoplanet mass and radius the deep atmosphere rapidly become too hot for life to exist. The solar system planets are conveniently

  17. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    threaten public health and the health of our Nation's natural resources. U.S. Geological Survey (USGS affect human health and wellbeing. Societal demands for land, natural resources, quality of life, wind, climate trends, and natural hazards) compound those effects. These environmental drivers affect

  18. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and rebuilding activities and to develop effective strategies for pro- tecting coastal communities and resources, protect natural resources, and ensure public safety. The USGS response to Hurricane Sandy is guided communities and our stewardship of natural environments and resources. This fact sheet describes how the USGS

  19. United States Department of the Interior Fish andvi-ildlife Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ," descri bes the same phenomenon . "One is able ," he says "to freez e fishes and batrachians, to transport.--·--·-------.-_*---·----·-----,--,....,.---;:0~c"7t-o;:-b-er--::l;-;:9::T14-:::;.3--1 TH;!: TRANSPORTATIOH OF FROZEN LIVE FIST-IES -(Le transport sh culture to refrigerate the water in the r ecept acles serving for the transportation

  20. STRUCTURE AND ROTATION OF THE SOLAR INTERIOR: INITIAL RESULTS FROM THE MDI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schou, Jesper

    ­30/252, 3251 Hanover St., Palo Alto, CA 94304. P.N. MILFORD Parallel Rules, Inc. 41 Manzanita Ave., Los Gatos

  1. An Infeasible InteriorPoint Algorithm for Solving Primal and Dual Geometric Programs \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ye, Yinyu

    with the classical, arithmetic/geometric inequality--based dual geometric programming problem, see [20]. However

  2. Statistical theory of interior-exterior transition and collision probabilities for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Shane

    /Gehrels 3, and P/Helin- Roman-Crockett make a transition from heliocentric orbits inside the orbit]). An important feature of the motion of these comets is that during the phase right before and after concentrate here on the time right before a comet's encounter with Jupiter. To simplify the analysis, we use

  3. Interior Department Awards $3.7 Million to 13 Tribes for Renewable...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for their communities. IEED selected six geothermal, four biomass, and three hydroelectric power projects for tribes located in the states of California, Minnesota, Montana,...

  4. A parsimonious dynamic stand model for interior spruce in British Columbia Oscar Garcia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    García, Oscar

    of Northern British Columbia 3333 University Way, Prince George, BC, Canada V2N 4Z9 Abstract A whole

  5. U.S. Department of the Interior August 2013 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    June2 Production, stainless steel3 1,980,000 168,000 166,000 151,000 976,000 Components of U.S. supply: Stainless steel scrap receipts 858,000 73,300 r 72,900 r 72,300 440,000 Stainless steel scrap consumption 1,110 Stainless steel 668,000 50,800 50,800 48,400 288,000 Stainless steel scrap 155,000 13,500 17,200 13,900 88

  6. U.S. Department of the Interior May 2013 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ December2 January February March March2 Production, stainless steel3 1,980,000 184,000 159,000 148,000 490,000 Components of U.S. supply: Stainless steel scrap receipts 858,000 75,800 71,900 73,600 221,000 Stainless4 15,300 669 1,120 1,940 3,730 Stainless steel 668,000 50,600 41,400 46,100 138,000 Stainless steel

  7. U.S. Department of the Interior July 2013 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ December2 February March April April2 Production, stainless steel3 1,980,000 159,000 148,000 168,000 659,000 Components of U.S. supply: Stainless steel scrap receipts 858,000 71,900 73,600 72,400 294,000 Stainless metal4 15,300 1,120 1,940 1,410 5,140 Stainless steel 668,000 41,400 46,100 50,800 189,000 Stainless

  8. U.S. Department of the Interior December 2013 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    September September2 Production, stainless steel3 1,980,000 165,000 185,000 179,000 1,500,000 Components of U.S. supply: Stainless steel scrap receipts 858,000 74,600 71,900 73,100 659,000 Stainless steel,000 Chromium metal4 15,300 1,420 999 569 10,100 Stainless steel 668,000 53,600 48,200 37,200 427,000 Stainless

  9. U.S. Department of the Interior December 2013 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ December2 June July August August2 Production, stainless steel3 1,980,000 151,000 165,000 185,000 1,330,000 Components of U.S. supply: Stainless steel scrap receipts 858,000 72,300 74,600 71,900 586,000 Stainless,300 996 1,420 999 9,530 Stainless steel 668,000 48,400 53,600 48,200 390,000 Stainless steel scrap 155

  10. U.S. Department of the Interior October 2013 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    July2 Production, stainless steel3 1,980,000 166,000 151,000 165,000 1,140,000 Components of U.S. supply: Stainless steel scrap receipts 858,000 72,900 72,300 74,600 514,000 Stainless steel scrap,540 Stainless steel 668,000 50,800 48,400 53,600 342,000 Stainless steel scrap 155,000 17,200 13,900 20,200 109

  11. U.S. Department of the Interior August 2013 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ December2 March April May May2 Production, stainless steel3 1,980,000 148,000 168,000 166,000 825,000 Components of U.S. supply: Stainless steel scrap receipts 858,000 73,600 72,400 62,900 357,000 Stainless,940 1,410 978 6,120 Stainless steel 668,000 46,100 50,800 50,800 240,000 Stainless steel scrap 155

  12. IChicago, 54, ill. United States Depart111ent of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shipbuilding Co., Foot of 28th St., San Diego 12. Martinolich Shipbuildi~ Co., San Francisco. Master Builders, Foot of Paru St., Alameda. National Steel &Shipbuilding Corp., Harbor Dr. at 28th, San Diego 12. North American Shipbuilding Corp., n7 Coast Hig

  13. On the interior motive of certain Shimura varieties: the case of Hilbert--Blumenthal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    motive #M gm (X) of X fits into a canonical exact triangle (#) #M gm (X) -# M gm (X) -# M c gm (X) -# #M gm (X)[1] in the category DM eff gm (k) of e#ective geometrical motives, defined and stu­ died an idempotent endomorphism e of the exact triangle (#), giving rise to a direct factor #M gm (X) e -# M gm (X) e

  14. A quantitative study of the low-level inversion in interior Alaska 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adamowicz, Peter Michael

    1972-01-01

    temperature with time. This was primarily due to the balance between the net radiation, net turbulent trans- fer, and snow-layer conduction terms. The mean temperature of the inversion layer in January 1971 cooled about 3C day . This was due to the strong... conditions for the study periods c. Synoptic situation for the study periods 12 12 15 5. THE ENERGY BUDGET OF THE INVERSION LAYER a. The budget equation b. Radiation theory and procedure 29 29 32 1. The radiation budget equation 2. Effect of cloud...

  15. Department of the Interior - Departmental Manual - 516 DM 11 | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstruments IncMississippi:DeltaFish Lake

  16. Cost-Effective Wall Retrofit Solution for the Interior Side of Building's

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power,5Energyof Energy Core

  17. Departments of Energy and Interior Announce $26.6 Million in Funding to

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electricLaboratoryof Energy ElevenLGJuly 2013Response: SEAB-

  18. Energy Department to Sign MOU with Interior Department to Assist Indian

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLfor Innovative Solar PowerTribes to Develop Energy Resources |

  19. Memorandum of Understanding between the Dept. of Interior and Dept. of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICESpecial ReportProposal to changeNovember 5-6,States of America and theEnergy

  20. Memorandum of Understanding between the Dept. of Interior and Dept. of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICESpecial ReportProposal to changeNovember 5-6,States of America and

  1. Cost-effective Interior Wall Retrofit Solutions for Commercial Building Shells

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels|ProgramsLakeDepartment ofofCorrugated MembraneCost-effective

  2. REPORT ON THE U. S. D EPA R BONNEVILLE E INTERIOR IN ISTRATION

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100 Winners * Impacts on Global TechnologyProceeding Sign In About REPORT OFON

  3. UNITED STATES DEPARTMEN'rOFTHt" INTERIOR GEOJ1)GlCAL SURVEY

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the WeldonB100 Ambrosia'1(DOE)F. a%UCRL-53628 .D E P A

  4. UNITED STATES DEPAR~FIENT OF THE INTERIOR GE O U X I CAL S URVEY

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the WeldonB100 Ambrosia'1(DOE)F. a%UCRL-53628 .D E P

  5. Memorandum of Understanding between the Dept. of Interior and Dept. of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAand DOE Safetyof EnergyPresentation:DaisStates of America and thebetween

  6. Department of the Interior - Departmental Manual - 516 DM Chapter 1 | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation9) WindGridDeepiSolar and Wind JumpEnergy

  7. U.S. Departments of Interior and Energy Release Report on Indian Land

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S.Laclede GasEfficiency|Feed Families"Research and

  8. TURBULENT CONVECTION IN STELLAR INTERIORS. III. MEAN-FIELD ANALYSIS AND

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail. (Conference)Feedback SystemGimbaled X-Ray HeadSTRATIFICATION EFFECTS (Journal

  9. Interior Department Awards $3.7 Million to 13 Tribes for Renewable Energy |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICE INDUSTRIALU.S. Department of Energy |June 2015 Interim Report

  10. EIS-0370: Bureau of Reclamation, Interior, Notice of Availability of the

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|Department of5 PeerRecordRecordStatement | Department ofDepartment ofFinal

  11. U.S. Departments of Energy and Interior Announce Site for Solar Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLEStatutoryin the Nation's Electric Grid |Collegiate WindDemonstration

  12. Interior Department Announces $11.8 Million to Support Tribal Climate

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPA Public Comment Interested Parties - WAPAInterim Final

  13. Interior Offers First Right-of-Way for Renewable Energy Transmission in

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPA Public Comment Interested Parties - WAPAInterimCase

  14. U.S. Departments of Interior and Energy Release Report on Indian Land

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCEDInstallers/ContractorsPhotovoltaicsStateof Energy|InitiativeDepartment ofWindin

  15. U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Indian Affairs Sherman Indian

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeed forUnruhDepartmentDiscussion U.S.3

  16. U.S. Departments of Interior and Energy Release Report on Indian Land

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeed forUnruhDepartmentDiscussion U.S.3Rights-of-Way

  17. Department of Energy, Department of the Interior and Army Corps of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment ofOffice ofof Energy Bradof Energy Posted hereEngineers Renew

  18. Departments of Energy and Interior Award Nearly $17 Million for Advanced

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment ofOffice ofof Energy Bradof Energy Posted

  19. Western Pacific Regional Summary Western Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) of the Pacific-wide (western-central and eastern Pacific Ocean) total of Pacific bigeye tuna landings reported Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) is active in the western and central Pacific Ocean and the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC) is active in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Species under the purview

  20. Western University Rehabilitation Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lennard, William N.

    1 Western University Rehabilitation Services Transitional Accommodation Program Western by Rehabilitation Services and is updated at frequent intervals in order to: 1. confirm progression toward treatment information is held in the strictest confidence within Rehabilitation Services. Only capabilities

  1. Western Pacific Regional Summary Western Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -central and eastern Pacific Ocean) total of Pacific bigeye tuna landings reported in 2007. Currently (WCPFC) is active in the western and central Pacific Ocean and the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC) is active in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Species under the purview of the WCPFC and IATTC

  2. Western Pacific Regional Summary Western Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pacific Ocean) total of Pacific bigeye tuna landings reported in 2007. Currently, there are no catch share in the western and central Pacific Ocean and the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC) is active in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Species under the purview of the WCPFC and IATTC migrate across international

  3. EA-1671: Big River Substation to Poston Substation 69-Kilovolt Transmission Line Project, Arizona and California

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Indian Affairs considered preparing this EA, with DOE’s Western Area Power Administration as a cooperating agency. This project has been canceled.

  4. Introduction: Western States Budget Reports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lubenow, Gerald

    2012-01-01

    the reports in 2011, and reports dating back to 1997 areWestern States Budget Reports This special issue onthe Western States Budget Reports is produced in collabora-

  5. 23232323232323232323 Western Duck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Island St Martin Island Big St Martin Island Marquette Island Western Duck Island Greene Island Great Backus Lake Lake Mary Lake Manuka Lake May Lake Big Wolf Tea L Long Lake Fourth Lake Big Bradford Lake Green Swamp Long Swamp Potagannissing Bay Sturgeon Bay Saginaw Bay M u llett Lake Lake Charlevoix Inte

  6. United States Department of the Interior, J. A. Krug, Secretary Fish and Wildlife Service, Albert M. Day, Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a washing ohamter--wher e soot and some of the moi sture and acrid components were deposited-voltage electric current A 3. A smoke producer E 4. A smoke washer and dehumidifier G 5. A smoke heater F SMOKE PRODUCER N - ASBES TOS GUARDS SMOKE HEATER o - BAFF LE SMOKE WASHER AND DEHUMIDIFI ER P - MOTOR

  7. United States Department of the Interior, Fred A. Seaton, Secretary Fish and Wildlife Service, Arnie J. Suomela, Commissioner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DEVELOPMENT IN LIBERIA, 1952-54 By George C. Miller Marine Fishery Technician Foreign Operations Appendix - Extracts from "The Marine Fisheries in Liberia - Annual Report for 1955," by Lew L. Mc of Liberia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Folder 2 An Accra canoe sailed by Fante fishermen e ntering

  8. United States Departraent of the Interior, J. A. Krug, Secretary Fish and .Vildlife Service, Albert LI. Day, Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plants 19 Tables Table 1 20 Table 2 21 Table 3 21 Table 4 22 Table 5 24 Table 5 24 Table 7 24 Table 8 24 a level of ¥5.7 per pound compared to the average price of ¥1.5 per pound in the years from 1930 to 1939

  9. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, Stewart L. Udall, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, Clarence F. Pautzke, Commissioner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    advection chart _ C. Characteristic heating curve _ Part III. Oceanographic climate of the Hawaiian Islands OF THE OCEANOGRAPHIC CLIMATE OF THE HAWAIIAN ISLANDS REGION BY GUNTERR. SECKEL FISHERY BULLETIN 193 From Fishery_ __ ________________________________ 425 Heat advection charts 426-427 Part I. Distribution of surface variables _ 1. Depth of .the mixe

  10. The Solar-Interior Equation of State with the Path-Integral Formalism I. Domain of Validity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asher Perez; Katie Mussack; Werner Dappen; Dan Mao

    2009-08-06

    This is the first paper in a series that deals with solar-physics applications of the equation-of-state formalism based on the formulation of the so-called "Feynman-Kac (FK) representation". Here, the FK equation of state is presented and adapted for solar applications. Its domain of validity is assessed. The practical application to the Sun will be dealt with in Paper II. Paper III will extend the current FK formalism to a higher order. Use of the FK equation of state is limited to physical conditions for which more than 90% of helium is ionized. This incudes the inner region of the Sun out to about .98 of the solar radius. Despite this limitation, in the parts of the Sun where it is applicable, the FK equation of state has the power to be more accurate than the equations of state currently used in solar modeling. The FK approach is especially suited to study physical effects such as Coulomb screening, bound states, the onset of recombination of fully ionized species, as well as diffraction and exchange effects. The localizing power of helioseismology allows a test of the FK equation of state. Such a test will be beneficial both for better solar models and for tighter solar constraints of the equation of state.

  11. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 182 (2010) 98106 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    : Longitudinal libration Zonal flow Centrifugal instability Non-linear Ekman pumping Reynolds stresses Inertial

  12. IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 4, 2005 9 A Broadband Interior Antenna of Planar Monopole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Seong-Ook

    ], and thickening the radiator. In addition, it is important to con- sider the mobile phone case and battery because a novel internal antenna of the planar monopole type for application in mobile phones. The band- width--A novel internal antenna of planar monopole type is presented for broadband applications. The proposed

  13. Power-Factor and Torque Calculation with Consideration of Cross Saturation of the Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolbert, Leon M.

    OF IPMSM Below is the well-known electromagnetic torque equation for all synchronous machines: dqqd iip Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless Field Excitation Seong Taek Lee1,2 , Timothy A. Burress1 permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM). The conventional two-axis IPMSM model is modified to include

  14. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, Stewart L. Udall, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, Clarence F. Pautzke, Commissioner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . April 1946, 8 p. Superseded by FL 418. Available publications on fisheries (subject index). By Office of attractive low~cost sea food from the Atlantic cQast. By Wm. C. Herrington and Leslie W. Scattergood. Construction of farm ponds. By Branch of Game-fish and Hatcheries. February 1951, 13 p., 6 figs. Home

  15. BULLETIN OF THE UNITED STATES FJSR COMMISSION. 287 interior, oil accouiit of tlic difficulty in trausportiug tliuni in good con-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    wondered fhat'tlie subject has not loug ago attracted more attention. The folloming de- tails are not upon. Salmon River was long ago the spawning gronnd of salmon,111)to I lie time this dam was built. pation

  16. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, Oscar L. Chapman, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, Albert M. Day, Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with body and tail. (See fig. 1.) The tail strikes the gravel occasionally and the strong-boiling current By CLIFFORD J. BURNER, Fuhery Research Biologut Construction of Grand Coulee Dam across the GENERAL LIFE was to be a high dam, with a tailrace- forebay difference of about 350 feet. Although it was possible to 'provide

  17. BASIN ANALYSIS AND PETROLEUM SYSTEM CHARACTERIZATION AND MODELING, INTERIOR SALT BASINS, CENTRAL AND EASTERN GULF OF MEXICO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernest A. Mancini; Donald A. Goddard; Ronald K. Zimmerman

    2005-05-10

    The principal research effort for Year 2 of the project has been data compilation and the determination of the burial and thermal maturation histories of the North Louisiana Salt Basin and basin modeling and petroleum system identification. In the first nine (9) months of Year 2, the research focus was on the determination of the burial and thermal maturation histories, and during the remainder of the year the emphasis has basin modeling and petroleum system identification. Existing information on the North Louisiana Salt Basin has been evaluated, an electronic database has been developed, regional cross sections have been prepared, structure and isopach maps have been constructed, and burial history, thermal maturation history and hydrocarbon expulsion profiles have been prepared. Seismic data, cross sections, subsurface maps and related profiles have been used in evaluating the tectonic, depositional, burial and thermal maturation histories of the basin. Oil and gas reservoirs have been found to be associated with salt-supported anticlinal and domal features (salt pillows, turtle structures and piercement domes); with normal faulting associated with the northern basin margin and listric down-to-the-basin faults (state-line fault complex) and faulted salt features; and with combination structural and stratigraphic features (Sabine and Monroe Uplifts) and monoclinal features with lithologic variations. Petroleum reservoirs are mainly Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous fluvial-deltaic sandstone facies and Lower Cretaceous and Upper Cretaceous shoreline, marine bar and shallow shelf sandstone facies. Cretaceous unconformities significantly contribute to the hydrocarbon trapping mechanism capacity in the North Louisiana Salt Basin. The chief petroleum source rock in this basin is Upper Jurassic Smackover lime mudstone beds. The generation of hydrocarbons from Smackover lime mudstone was initiated during the Early Cretaceous and continued into the Tertiary. Hydrocarbon expulsion commenced during the Early Cretaceous and continued into the Tertiary with peak expulsion occurring mainly during the Late Cretaceous.

  18. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 170 (2008) 156169 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    . Conventional defor- mation apparatus such as the Griggs or the Paterson apparatus can be operated only at low mount disk and analyzed with non-polarized IR beams with typical dimension of 40 m × 40 m. The water)m, where is dislocation density, b is the length of the Burgers vector, A is a non-dimensional constant

  19. Changes in surface albedo after fire in boreal forest ecosystems of interior Alaska assessed using MODIS satellite observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyons, Evan A; Jin, Yufang; Randerson, James T

    2008-01-01

    stand age on the boreal forest energy balance, Agric. For.energy exchange depends on stand age in a boreal forest fireenergy partitioning: Contrasting responses of tundra and boreal forest

  20. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 174 (2009) 165173 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cattin, Rodolphe

    2009-01-01

    the validity of the isomechanical analogues for post-perovskite structures. Intrinsic plastic properties-principles calculations of generalised stacking fault and the plastic properties are extended to crystal properties of each structure are determined using the Peierls­Nabarro model based on first