Sample records for interior western interior

  1. INTERIOR

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling7111AWell:F E ,"^ I 1' . _c m y 7 INTERIOR

  2. Distribution and origin of ethyl-branched alkanes in a Cenomanian transgressive shale of the Western Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenig, Fabien

    Note Distribution and origin of ethyl-branched alkanes in a Cenomanian transgressive shale hydrocarbon fraction of the basal Graneros Shale (Cenomanian, Western Interior Seaway, USA). On the basis rights reserved. Keywords: Monoethylalkanes; Branched alkanes; Black shales; Cenomanian; Graneros Shale

  3. Design of intelligent interiors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonanni, Leonardo Amerigo, 1977-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ubiquitous computing is transforming interior design by allowing utilities, goods and information to be delivered where and when we need them. How will new information technologies impact the design of interior spaces? ...

  4. 1 Interior Architecture and Design INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    1 Interior Architecture and Design INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGN GW's interior architecture. UNDERGRADUATE Bachelor's program · Bachelor of Fine Arts with a major in interior architecture and design (http://bulletin.gwu.edu/arts-sciences/interior- architecture-design/bfa) GRADUATE Master's program · Master of Fine Arts in the field of interior architecture

  5. Interior intrusion detection systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez, J.R.; Matter, J.C. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)); Dry, B. (BE, Inc., Barnwell, SC (United States))

    1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this NUREG is to present technical information that should be useful to NRC licensees in designing interior intrusion detection systems. Interior intrusion sensors are discussed according to their primary application: boundary-penetration detection, volumetric detection, and point protection. Information necessary for implementation of an effective interior intrusion detection system is presented, including principles of operation, performance characteristics and guidelines for design, procurement, installation, testing, and maintenance. A glossary of sensor data terms is included. 36 figs., 6 tabs.

  6. Cyclostratigraphy of the Upper Cretaceous Niobrara Formation, Western Interior, U.S.A.: A ConiacianSantonian orbital timescale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sageman, Brad

    Cyclostratigraphy of the Upper Cretaceous Niobrara Formation, Western Interior, U.S.A.: A Coniacian Niobrara formation spectral analysis orbital timescale The TuronianCampanian Niobrara Formation in Colorado (40 17 N, 104 38 W; 40 14 N, 104 41 W). The study utilized high-resolution time series

  7. Rhythmic bedding patterns for locating structural features, Niobrara Formation, United States western interior

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laferriere, A.P.; Hattin, D.E.

    1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Milankovitch-type bedding cycles are well developed in the Upper Cretaceous Fort Hays Limestone Member, Niobrara Formation. These time-equivalent cycles can be correlated across much of Colorado, Kansas, and northeastern New Mexico by combining subsurface and outcrop data. Documentation of thickness variations within the regionally persistent Fort Hays bedding sequences furnishes a basis for fine-scale analysis of Late Cretaceous crustal movements within the eastern ramp region of the Western Interior foreland basin. Regional thickness changes in groups of shale-limestone couplets were correlated and mapped in outcrop and in the subsurface to locate structural elements that influenced Fort Hays deposition. In the Denver-Julesburg basin of Colorado and western Kansas, up to 6.1 m (20 ft) of thinning of the section occurs dominantly along northeastwardly trending belts formed during Late Cretaceous reactivation of the Transcontinental arch. Mapping of these small-scale thickness changes in the Fort Hays demonstrates that Cretaceous reactivation of the Transcontinental arch was not restricted to the northern part of the Denver-Julesburg basin. Additional structures may occur as far south as the Colorado-New Mexico border. A northwestwardly thinning trend is also apparent and may have resulted from increased compaction and diagenesis, reduction of sediment input during transgression, or from uplift in the vicinity of the Colorado Front Range. 8 figures.

  8. Technology report INTERIORS IMATERIALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    bank. Thermal battery "A thermal battery charges and discharges much like an electrical battery, exceptTechnology report INTERIORS IMATERIALS Adsorption-based thermal batteries could help boost EV range by 40% Today's electric vehicle (EV) batteries can pro- vide only enough power to propel them 100 mi

  9. Interior Light Level Measurements Appendix F -Interior Light Level Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appendix F Interior Light Level Measurements #12;F.1 Appendix F - Interior Light Level. A potential concern is that a lower VT glazing may increase electric lighting use to compensate for lost qualify and quantify a representative loss of daylighting, and therefore electric lighting use

  10. Regional analysis of rhythmic bedding in the Fort Hays limestone member, Niobrara Formation (Upper Cretaceous), US western interior

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laferriere, A.P.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Results of a regional stratigraphic investigation of the rhythmically bedded Fort Hays limestone member of Kansas, Colorado, and New Mexico indicate at least two levels of cyclicity. Regional development of these cycles strongly supports the hypothesis that they are climatic in origin. Departures from simple cyclical patterns resulted from sedimentary effects of Late Cretaceous orogenic activity, erosional events associated with eustatic sea level changes, diagenetic modification, and possibly from interference between orbital parameters having different periodicities. The vulnerability of Milankovitch-type cyclicity to overprinting by tectono-sedimentologic effects makes units such as the Fort Hays useful as indicators of subtle tectonic activity. Regional thickness changes in groups of shale-limestone couplets were identified, correlated, and mapped in the subsurface using geophysical well log information in order to locate subtle structural elements that influenced Fort Hays sedimentation. In the Denver-Julesburg Basin of Colorado and western Kansas, thinning of the section between Fort Hays marker horizons occurs dominantly along northeastwardly trending belts that resulted apparently from Late Cretaceous reactivation of the Transcontinental Arch. Isotopic and petrographic analyses were conducted on pelagic (carbonate matrix) and benthic (inoceramid bivalve) constituents of selected shale/limestone couplets. These data suggest that there was little difference in temperature or salinity between times of terrigenous detrital input and times of nearly pure carbonate deposition. Isotopic information from matrix samples suggests a westward decrease in salinity of surface water in the Western Interior Sea. Isotopic data from largely unaltered inoceramid bivalves indicate bottom-water conditions of near-normal marine salinity.

  11. Ultrasonic cleaning of interior surfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Odell, D. MacKenzie C. (Aiken, SC)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An ultrasonic cleaning method for cleaning the interior surfaces of tubes. The method uses an ultrasonic generator and reflector each coupled to opposing ends of the open-ended, fluid-filled tube. Fluid-tight couplings seal the reflector and generator to the tube, preventing leakage of fluid from the interior of the tube. The reflector and generator are operatively connected to actuators, whereby the distance between them can be varied. When the distance is changed, the frequency of the sound waves is simultaneously adjusted to maintain the resonant frequency of the tube so that a standing wave is formed in the tube, the nodes of which are moved axially to cause cavitation along the length of the tube. Cavitation maximizes mechanical disruption and agitation of the fluid, dislodging foreign material from the interior surface.

  12. Ultrasonic cleaning of interior surfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Odell, D. MacKenzie C. (Aiken, SC)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An ultrasonic cleaning apparatus for cleaning the interior surfaces of tubes. The apparatus includes an ultrasonic generator and reflector each coupled to opposing ends of the open-ended, fluid-filled tube. Fluid-tight couplings seal the reflector and generator to the tube, preventing leakage of fluid from the interior of the tube. The reflector and generator are operatively connected to actuators, whereby the distance between them can be varied. When the distance is changed, the frequency of the sound waves is simultaneously adjusted to maintain the resonant frequency of the tube so that a standing wave is formed in the tube, the nodes of which are moved axially to cause cavitation along the length of the tube. Cavitation maximizes mechanical disruption and agitation of the fluid, dislodging foreign material from the interior surface.

  13. Ultrasonic cleaning of interior surfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    MacKenzie, D.; Odell, C.

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An ultrasonic cleaning apparatus is described for cleaning the interior surfaces of tubes. The apparatus includes an ultrasonic generator and reflector each coupled to opposing ends of the open-ended, fluid-filled tube. Fluid-tight couplings seal the reflector and generator to the tube, preventing leakage of fluid from the interior of the tube. The reflector and generator are operatively connected to actuators, whereby the distance between them can be varied. When the distance is changed, the frequency of the sound waves is simultaneously adjusted to maintain the resonant frequency of the tube so that a standing wave is formed in the tube, the nodes of which are moved axially to cause cavitation along the length of the tube. Cavitation maximizes mechanical disruption and agitation of the fluid, dislodging foreign material from the interior surface. 3 figures.

  14. AN INTERIOR POINT METHOD FOR MATHEMATICAL PROGRAMS ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abstract. Interior point methods for nonlinear programs (NLP) are adapted for solution of mathematical programs with complementarity constraints (MPCCs).

  15. Effects of climate, tectonics, and sea-level changes on rhythmic bedding patterns in the Niobrara Formation (Upper Cretaceous), US Western Interior

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laferriere, A.P.; Hattin, D.E.; Archer, A.W.

    1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Regional correlation of interbedded pelagic/hemipelagic limestones and calcareous shales of the Fort Hays Limestone Member of the Niobrara Formation confirms development of at least two levels of cyclicity. Occurrence of time-parallel rhythmically deposited beds that can be correlated over distances exceeding 800 km lends strong support to the hypothesis that these cycles were induced by Milankovitch-type climatic forcing. However, visual observation and Fourier analysis of variations in shale and limestone thickness demonstrate that the pattern of Fort Hays cyclicity lacks regional uniformity. Complications in the cyclic pattern may have resulted from the influence of orbital parameters having differing periodicities. Additionally, departures from simple cyclical patterns resulted from sedimentary effects of the Sevier orogeny and from erosional events associated with sea-level changes. Documentation of thickness variations within the regionally persistent Fort Hays bedding sequence furnishes a basis for fine-scale analysis of Cretaceous crustal movements within the Western Interior seaway.

  16. Building America Expert Meeting: Interior Insulation Retrofit...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Building Science Corporation team held an Expert Meeting on Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assemblies on July 30, 2011, at the Westford Regency Hotel in...

  17. U.S. Department of Interior Overview

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation covers the Department of Interior's (DOI) energy acquisition and management given at the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) Spring 2008 meeting in Destin, Florida.

  18. Fractal Nature of Solar Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koushik Ghosh; Probhas Raychaudhuri

    2006-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Fractal method has been studied to understand the irregular and chaotic nature of any physical structure. Conventionally it is suggested that the solar interior is rigid in nature. Since solar neutrino flux is the indicator of the interior solar structure it is natural to study the solar neutrino flux source to find if the nuclear energy generation inside the sun is fractal in nature or not. At present there exist five solar neutrino experiments to detect neutrinos from the sun which can suggest which type of nuclear energy generation occurs inside the sun. Since we know that the solar atmosphere is irregular in nature many authors have studied this irregular nature by fractal analysis. In this regard we have studied solar neutrino flux data from 1) Homestake detector during the period from March, 1970 to April, 1994; 2) SAGE detector during the period from 1st January, 1990 to 31st December, 2000; 3) SAGE detector during the period from April, 1998 to December, 2001; 4) GALLEX detector during the period from May, 1991 to January, 1997; 5) GNO detector during the period from May, 1998 to December, 2001; 6) GALLEX-GNO detector (combined data) from May, 1991 to December, 2001; 7) average of the data from GNO and SAGE detectors during the period from May, 1998 to December, 2001; 8) 5-day-long samples from Super-Kamiokande-I detector during the period from June, 1996 to July,2001; 9) 10-day-long samples from Super-Kamiokande-I detector during the period from June,1996 to July,2001 and 10) 45-day-long samples from Super-Kamiokande-I detector during the period from June,1996 to July,2001 by fractal analysis and we have arrived at the conclusion that the solar neutrino flux data are fractal in nature.

  19. The Solar Interior Paul Bushby (Newcastle University)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haase, Markus

    The Solar Interior Paul Bushby (Newcastle University) STFC Introductory Course in Solar System efficiently transport energy from the interior to the solar surface Sunday, 5 September 2010 #12;1. Basic. Solar rotation and large-scale flows 3. The solar cycle 4. Solar dynamo theory 5. Open questions Sunday

  20. The Sun's Interior Metallicity Constrained by Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillermo Gonzalez

    2006-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Observed solar neutrino fluxes are employed to constrain the interior composition of the Sun. Including the effects of neutrino flavor mixing, the results from Homestake, Sudbury, and Gallium experiments constrain the Mg, Si, and Fe abundances in the solar interior to be within a factor 0.89 to 1.34 of the surface values with 68% confidence. If the O and/or Ne abundances are increased in the interior to resolve helioseismic discrepancies with recent standard solar models, then the nominal interior Mg, Si, and Fe abundances are constrained to a range of 0.83 to 1.24 relative to the surface. Additional research is needed to determine whether the Sun's interior is metal poor relative to its surface.

  1. Defense, Interior Departments Pursue Renewable Energy on Federal...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Defense, Interior Departments Pursue Renewable Energy on Federal Lands Defense, Interior Departments Pursue Renewable Energy on Federal Lands August 8, 2012 - 1:22pm Addthis Solar...

  2. Interior Department to Open 190 Million Acres to Geothermal Power...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Interior Department to Open 190 Million Acres to Geothermal Power Interior Department to Open 190 Million Acres to Geothermal Power October 29, 2008 - 3:56pm Addthis...

  3. Building America Expert Meeting Report: Interior Insulation Retrofit...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assembliesessment of risk factors for premature building deterioration due to interior insulation retrofits, and methods to reduce...

  4. An Interior Proximal Method in Vector Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

    sensing conditon that allows us to construct an interior proximal method for ... Department of Systems Engineering and Computer Sciences, COPPE, Federal University of Rio de ...... Mathematics of Operations Research 1992, 17, 3, 670-

  5. INTERIOR-POINT METHODS FOR NONCONVEX NONLINEAR ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Nov 4, 2005 ... problem is not convex, the algorithm will be searching for a local optimum. ..... the terms in the barrier objective of our infeasible interior-point method. ..... In order to enter dual feasibility restoration mode, we monitored the...

  6. Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) Launch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) Launch Press Kit/AUGUst 2011 #12;http of its four channels to AC-3, making each channel's secondary audio MPEG 1 Layer II. For digital downlink

  7. Eighteenth-century merchant ship interiors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renner, Mary Anne

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY MERCHANT SHIP INTERIORS A Thesis by MARY ANNE RENNER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS December 1987 Major Subject...: Anthropology EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY MERCHANT SHIP INTERIORS A Thesis by MARY ANNE RENNER Approved as to style and content by: Don L. Hamilton (Chairman of Committee) David L. Carlson (Member) Clark E. Adams (Member) Vaughn M. B ant, Jr. (Head...

  8. Eighteenth-century merchant ship interiors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renner, Mary Anne

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY MERCHANT SHIP INTERIORS A Thesis by MARY ANNE RENNER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS December 1987 Major Subject...: Anthropology EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY MERCHANT SHIP INTERIORS A Thesis by MARY ANNE RENNER Approved as to style and content by: Don L. Hamilton (Chairman of Committee) David L. Carlson (Member) Clark E. Adams (Member) Vaughn M. B ant, Jr. (Head...

  9. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 153 (2005) 12 Studies of the Earth's Deep Interior--Eighth Symposium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garnero, Ed

    Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 153 (2005) 1­2 Editorial Studies of the Earth's Deep Interior--Eighth Symposium The Eighth Symposium on the Study of the Earth's Deep Interior (SEDI) was held. On this occasion attention was also turned to the deep interior of other planets as well as the Earth. To decipher

  10. A Guided Tour of Planetary Interiors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klotz, Alexander R

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore the gravitational dynamics of falling through planetary interiors. Two trajectory classes are considered: a straight cord between two surface points, and the brachistochrone path that minimizes the falling time between two points. The times taken to fall along these paths, and the shapes of the brachistochrone paths, are examined for the Moon, Mars, Earth, Saturn, and the Sun, based on models of their interiors. A toy model of the internal structure, a power-law gravitational field, characterizes the dynamics with one parameter, the exponent of the power-law, with values from -2 for a point-mass to +1 for a uniform sphere. Smaller celestial bodies behave like a uniform sphere, while larger bodies begin to approximate point-masses, consistent with an effective exponent describing their interior gravity.

  11. Governo d bolsas a alunos para estudarem no Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    ;cou que a possibilidade de dar in- centivos para que os jovens esco- lham as instituies do Interior

  12. Text-Alternative Version: LEDs for Interior Office Applications

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Below is the text-alternative version of the LEDs for Interior Office Applications webcast, held March 18, 2010.

  13. Interior Architecture Minor Tracking Sheet Total Minimum Credits: 26

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Interior Architecture Minor Tracking Sheet Total Minimum Credits: 26 Minor standing is prerequisite architecture studio course is required for architecture majors enrolled in the interior architecture minor (1 is required for Architecture majors): IARC 484 Interior Design Studio (6), IARC 486 Furniture

  14. Recent advances in modeling stellar interiors (u)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guzik, Joyce Ann [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advances in stellar interior modeling are being driven by new data from large-scale surveys and high-precision photometric and spectroscopic observations. Here we focus on single stars in normal evolutionary phases; we will not discuss the many advances in modeling star formation, interacting binaries, supernovae, or neutron stars. We review briefly: (1) updates to input physics of stellar models; (2) progress in two and three-dimensional evolution and hydrodynamic models; (3) insights from oscillation data used to infer stellar interior structure and validate model predictions (asteroseismology). We close by highlighting a few outstanding problems, e.g., the driving mechanisms for hybrid {gamma} Dor/{delta} Sct star pulsations, the cause of giant eruptions seen in luminous blue variables such as {eta} Car and P Cyg, and the solar abundance problem.

  15. Fractionated Branes and Black Hole Interiors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinec, Emil J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Combining a variety of results in string theory and general relativity, a picture of the black hole interior is developed wherein spacetime caps off at an inner horizon, and the inter-horizon region is occupied by a Hagedorn gas of a very low tension state of fractionated branes. This picture leads to natural resolutions of a variety of puzzles concerning quantum black holes. Gravity Research Foundation 2015 Fourth Prize Award for Essays on Gravitation.

  16. Fractionated Branes and Black Hole Interiors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emil J. Martinec

    2015-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Combining a variety of results in string theory and general relativity, a picture of the black hole interior is developed wherein spacetime caps off at an inner horizon, and the inter-horizon region is occupied by a Hagedorn gas of a very low tension state of fractionated branes. This picture leads to natural resolutions of a variety of puzzles concerning quantum black holes. Gravity Research Foundation 2015 Fourth Prize Award for Essays on Gravitation.

  17. Numerical experiments with an interior-exterior point method for ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The latter converges due to the information car- ried by the vector of the Lagrange multipliers y. The interior point method, which has global convergence

  18. Volatiles as a link between planetary interiors and the environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Benjamin A. (Benjamin Alexander)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Volatiles derived from planetary interiors influence magma evolution and environmental processes. Over appropriate timescales, Earth's mantle, crust, ocean, and atmosphere constitute coupled systems. The apparently synchronous ...

  19. Optimization Online - Active-set prediction for interior point methods ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coralia Cartis

    2014-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    May 18, 2014 ... Abstract: We propose the use of controlled perturbations to address the challenging question of optimal active-set prediction for interior point...

  20. Information Geometry and Interior-Point Algorithms in SDP and ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satoshi Kakihara, Atsumi Ohara, Takashi Tsuchiya

    2011-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 30, 2011 ... Page 1 ... Interplay between interior-point methods and differential geometry is an interesting topic studied by several authors. It was shown in...

  1. Seismic Constraints on Interior Solar Convection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanasoge, S M; DeRosa, M L

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We constrain the velocity spectral distribution of global-scale solar convective cells at depth using techniques of local helioseismology. We calibrate the sensitivity of helioseismic waves to large-scale convective cells in the interior by analyzing simulations of waves propagating through a velocity snapshot of global solar convection via methods of time-distance helioseismology. Applying identical analysis techniques to observations of the Sun, we are able to bound from above the magnitudes of solar convective cells as a function of spatial convective scale. We find that convection at a depth of $r/R_\\odot = 0.95$ with spatial extent $\\ell <20$, where $\\ell$ is the spherical harmonic degree, comprise weak flow systems, on the order of 15 m/s or less. Convective features deeper than $r/R_\\odot = 0.95$ are more difficult to image due to the rapidly decreasing sensitivity of helioseismic waves.

  2. Kinodynamic Motion Planning by Interior-Exterior Cell Exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavraki, Lydia E.

    Kinodynamic Motion Planning by Interior-Exterior Cell Exploration Ioan A. Sucan1 and Lydia E presents a kinodynamic motion planner, Kinodynamic Mo- tion Planning by Interior-Exterior Cell Exploration is necessary. A multiple-level grid-based discretization is used to estimate the coverage of the state space

  3. Borehole locations on seven interior salt domes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simcox, A.C.; Wampler, S.L.

    1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is designed as an inventory of all wells known to have been drilled within a five-mile radius of each of seven salt domes within the Interior Salt Basin in east Texas, northern Louisiana and Mississippi. There are 72 boreholes that entered salt above an elevation of -3000 feet mean sea level. For these, details of location, drilling dates, depth of casing and cement, elevation of top of caprock and salt, etc., are given on tables in the appendix. Of the seven domes, Oakwood has the largest number of boreholes, thirty-eight (including two sidetracked wells) that enter the salt stock above -3000 feet mean sea level; another dome in northeast Texas, Keechi, has eight; in northern Louisiana, Rayburn's has four and Vacherie has five; in southern Mississippi, Cypress Creek has seven, Lampton has one, and Richton has nine. In addition, all wells known outside the supra-domal area, but within a five-mile radius of the center of the 7 domes are separately catalogued.

  4. Interior cavern conditions and salt fall potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Munson, D.E.; Molecke, M.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Myers, R.E. [Strategic Petroleum Reserve, New Orleans, LA (United States)

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A relatively large number of salt caverns are used for fluid hydrocarbon storage, including an extensive set of facilities in the Gulf Coast salt domes for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) Program. Attention is focused on the SPR caverns because of available histories that detail events involving loss and damage of the hanging string casing. The total number of events is limited, making the database statistically sparse. The occurrence of the events is not evenly distributed, with some facilities, and some caverns, more susceptible than others. While not all of these events could be attributed to impacts from salt falls, many did show the evidence of such impacts. As a result, a study has been completed to analyze the potential for salt falls in the SPR storage caverns. In this process, it was also possible to deduce some of the cavern interior conditions. Storage caverns are very large systems in which many factors could possibly play a part in casing damage. In this study, all of the potentially important factors such as salt dome geology, operational details, and material characteristics were considered, with all being logically evaluated and most being determined as secondary in nature. As a result of the study, it appears that a principal factor in determining a propensity for casing damage from salt falls is the creep and fracture characteristics of salt in individual caverns. In addition the fracture depends strongly upon the concentration of impurity particles in the salt. Although direct observation of cavern conditions is not possible, the average impurity concentration and the accumulation of salt fall material can be determined. When this is done, there is a reasonable correlation between the propensity for a cavern to show casing damage events and accumulation of salt fall material. The accumulation volumes of salt fall material can be extremely large, indicating that only a few of the salt falls are large enough to cause impact damage.

  5. Hypervelocity impacts and the evolution of planetary surfaces and interiors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watters, Wesley Andrs, 1976-

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The thesis consists of five studies relating impact processes to the evolution of planetary interiors as well as impact structures on planetary surfaces. Chapter 2 is concerned with developing methods for estimating the ...

  6. Assessing the Potential of Interior Methods for Nonlinear Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2 Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Northwestern University, ... A variety of interior (or barrier) methods for nonlinear programming have ...... Mathematics and Computer Science Technical Report ANL/MCS-246, Argonne.

  7. Connecting horizon pixels and interior voxels of a black hole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piero Nicolini; Douglas Singleton

    2014-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we discuss to what extent one can infer details of the interior structure of a black hole based on its horizon. Recalling that black hole thermal properties are connected to the non-classical nature of gravity, we circumvent the restrictions of the no hair theorem by postulating that the black hole interior is singularity free due to violations of the usual energy conditions. Further these conditions allow one to establish a one-to-one, holographic projection between Planckian areal "bits" on the horizon and "voxels", representing the gravitational degrees of freedom in the black hole interior. We illustrate the repercussions of this idea by discussing an example of the black hole interior consisting of a de Sitter core postulated to arise from the local graviton quantum vacuum energy. It is shown that the black hole entropy can emerge as the statistical entropy of a gas of voxels.

  8. An inexact interior point method for L1-regularized sparse ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    There are many available statistical approaches, including the well .... away from interior-point methods to algorithms based on classical methods for convex ... of the proposed IIPM method for solving (6) rather than the theoretical efficiency.

  9. Geophysical evolution of planetary interiors and surfaces : Moon & Mars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Alexander Joseph

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The interiors and surfaces of the terrestrial planetary bodies provide us a unique opportunity to gain insight into planetary evolution, particularly in the early stages subsequent to accretion. Both Mars and the Moon are ...

  10. Active-set prediction for interior point methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, Yiming

    2015-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research studies how to efficiently predict optimal active constraints of an inequality constrained optimization problem, in the context of Interior Point Methods (IPMs). We propose a framework based on shifting/perturbing ...

  11. Observing Healthcare Interior Environments and the Effect on Patient Behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, Courtney R.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    variables in the interior environments that have the greatest impact, whether positive or negative, on patients. The methods used to perform this research include: inspections of the facility, observations, and surveys. By combining all of these methods...

  12. Exploiting hyper-sparsity when computing preconditioners for conjugate gradients in interior point methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Julian

    for conjugate gradients in interior point methods 1 #12;Hyper-sparsity in operations with B-1 Represent B-1 computing preconditioners for conjugate gradients in interior point methods 3 #12;Interior point methods computing preconditioners for conjugate gradients in interior point methods 4 #12;Design

  13. The Sun's interior structure and dynamics, and the solar cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broomhall, A -M; Howe, R; Norton, A A; Thompson, M J

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Sun's internal structure and dynamics can be studied with helioseismology, which uses the Sun's natural acoustic oscillations to build up a profile of the solar interior. We discuss how solar acoustic oscillations are affected by the Sun's magnetic field. Careful observations of these effects can be inverted to determine the variations in the structure and dynamics of the Sun's interior as the solar cycle progresses. Observed variations in the structure and dynamics can then be used to inform models of the solar dynamo, which are crucial to our understanding of how the Sun's magnetic field is generated and maintained.

  14. On the Implementation of Interior Point Decomposition Algorithms for ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Oct 31, 2005 ... Industrial Engineering and Management Science Technical Report 2005-04 ... We also describe our interior decomposition algorithms using the Jordan algebra operations. .... The theoretical analysis assumes taking fixed steps along the ..... portfolio vector, and by r ? Rn the random vector of asset returns...

  15. BOEM 2014-662 US Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldfinger, Chris

    , Environmental Studies Program Information System website and search on OCS Study BOEM 2014-662. This report can Information Service; the contact information is below. US Department of Commerce National TechnicalOCS Study BOEM 2014-662 US Department of the Interior Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Pacific OCS

  16. Hydrogen Bonding Increases Packing Density in the Protein Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hydrogen Bonding Increases Packing Density in the Protein Interior David Schell,1,2 Jerry Tsai,1 J System Health Science Center, College Station, Texas 77843-1114 ABSTRACT The contribution of hydrogen to the stability, but experimental studies show that bury- ing polar groups, especially those that are hydrogen

  17. 2008 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ), were 4% higher than those at yearend 2007. Combined inventories of aluminum metal and alloys held2008 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey ALUMINUM October 2010 #12;Aluminum--2008 5.1 Aluminum By E. lee Bray Domestic survey data and tables were prepared by Paula

  18. 2007 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of aluminum metal and alloys held by the London Metal Exchange Ltd. (LME), however, increased by 16%. Primary2007 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey ALUMINUM May 2010 #12;ALUMINUM--2007 5.1 ALUMINUM By E. Lee Bray Domestic survey data and tables were prepared by Paula R. Neely

  19. 2008 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey TITANIUM October 2010, international data coordinator. World production of titanium dioxide (TiO2 ) contained in titanium mineral to be heavily reliant on imports of titanium mineral concentrates from Australia, Canada, and South Africa

  20. 2007 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey BORON May 2010 #12, international data coordinator. U.S. consumption of minerals and compounds reported in boron oxide content (tables 1, 5). Turkey and the United States were the world's leading producers of boron minerals (table 6

  1. 2011 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey BORON [ADVANCE production table was prepared by Lisa D. Miller, international data coordinator. U.S. consumption of minerals of boron minerals (table 6). World production of boron minerals increased in 2011 to an estimated 4

  2. 2011 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM mineral concentrates in 2011, excluding U.S. production, was about 1.62 million metric tons (Mt) compared with 1.25 Mt in 2010. The primary source of zirconium was the mineral zircon (ZrSiO4 ), principally found

  3. 2008 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey BORON October 2010, international data coordinator. U.S. consumption of minerals and compounds reported in boron oxide continued and the United States were the world's leading producers of boron minerals (table 6). World production of boron

  4. 2006 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006 Minerals Yearbook BORON U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey October 2007 tetraborate decahydrate and found in nature as the mineral tincal. Boric acid, also known as orthoboric acid boric acid. The most common minerals of commercial importance in the United States were colemanite

  5. 2010 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey BORON [ADVANCE of minerals and compounds reported in boron oxide continued to increase in 2010 but quantities are withheld's leading producers of boron minerals (table 6). World production of boron minerals increased in 2010

  6. Diseo de Interiores 2014/15 16 edicin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    pública de educación superior y de investigación, especializada en los ámbitos de la arquitectura, las arquitectura. A diferencia de la arquitectura, el interiorismo se modifica a una velocidad y a un ritmo mucho, en lugar de destruir. El diseño de interiores no destruye la arquitectura, sino que la reconstruye

  7. aircraft interior materials: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    aircraft interior materials First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Standard Test Method to...

  8. The Fisheries of Norway UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Fisheries of Norway UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE BUREAU 11 12 15 16 16 16 17 17 17 18 19 19 #12;The Fisheries of Norway By SID 'EY SHAPIRO Foreign Fisheries about 1.3 million tons annually between 1960 and 1964. Thes e landings make Norway the foremost fishing

  9. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , smallmouth bass; crappie; bluegill, redear sunfish; channel cat:fish #12;State Name ARKANSAS - Cont. Lonoke'-'I' 'J UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE BUREAU OF SPORT FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE Washington 25, D. C. Leaflet FL-41 Revised May 1959 LIST OF STATE FISH HATCHERIES

  10. Fluid helium at conditions of giant planetary interiors Lars Stixrude*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stixrude, Lars

    Fluid helium at conditions of giant planetary interiors Lars Stixrude* and Raymond Jeanloz-abundant chemical element in the universe, helium makes up a large fraction of giant gaseous planets, includ- ing simulations, we find that fluid helium undergoes temperature-induced metallization at high pressures

  11. 2009 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey BORON [ADVANCE, and Blacksburg, SC, through Industrial Minerals Inc. (American Borate Co., 2005; Industrial Minerals Inc., 2007 extracted from three salt layers, up to 100 meters (m) deep, in Searles Lake, located near Trona in San

  12. 2010 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    subsidiary of Australian company Iluka Resources Ltd.). DuPont produced zircon from its heavy-mineral sands2010 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM. In 2010, the global economy began to recover, and consumption of zirconium ores and concentrates increased

  13. 2010 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Energy by UT-Battelle, LLC, was developing methods to consolidate new and conventional titanium powders2010 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey TITANIUM [ADVANCE RELEASE] June 2012 #12;TITANIUM--2010 [ADVANCE RELEASE] 78.1 TITANIUM By Joseph Gambogi Domestic survey

  14. Chapter 26: Earth's Interior Did you read chapter 26

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Gus

    Drilling Program Deepest hole penetrated 2,111 m (1.31 mi) E Pacific Ocean Shallowest water depth. No The Interior of the Earth The main features of the earth's surface are continents and ocean basins. What is the world's deepest mine, 3585m (2.2 miles) below surface 1933, mile 2005, ~2 miles Drilling a Hole Ocean

  15. AN INTERIOR-POINT METHOD FOR NONLINEAR OPTIMIZATION ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    as possible from the algorithmic building blocks of standard interior-point ... the computation of the maximum step length and the usage of problem-tailored ..... the algorithm avoids to cross over points at which some problem data fails ...... This compression process requires energy that is taken from the gas of the network.

  16. Behaviour of Magnetic Tubes in Neutron Star's Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. S. Singh; B. K. Sinha; N. K. Lohani

    2002-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    It is found from Maxwell's equations that the magnetic field lines are good analogues of relativistic strings. It is shown that the super-conducting current in the neutron star's interior causes local rotation of magnetic flux tubes carrying quantized flux.

  17. 2008 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    statistics and world tungsten concentrate production for 2008 and the previous 4 years are listed in table 1 for lead in bullets, shot, and other products. Tungsten chemicals are used to make catalysts, corrosion2008 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey TUNGSTEN October 2010

  18. 2007 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    statistics and world tungsten concentrate production for 2007 and the previous 4 years are listed in table 12007 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey TUNGSTEN May 2010 #12;TUNGSTEN--2007 79.1 TUNGSTEN By Kim B. Shedd Domestic survey data and tables were prepared by Danielle L

  19. 2005 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005 Minerals Yearbook TungsTen U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey #12;TungsTen--2005 79.1 TungsTen ByKimB.shedd Domestic survey data and tables were prepared by Amy C. Tolcin, statistical assistant, and the world production table was prepared by Glenn J. Wallace, international data

  20. 2006 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , international data coordinator. No U.S. tungsten mine production was reported in 2006. U.S. supply of tungsten Service (FWS) granted final approval to four new tungsten shot products for hunting waterfowl and coots--iron-tungsten2006 Minerals Yearbook TUNGSTEN U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey April 2008

  1. 2010 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with that of 2009. Salient U.S. tungsten statistics and world tungsten concentrate production for 20102010 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey TUNGSTEN [ADVANCE RELEASE] February 2012 #12;TUNGSTEN--2010 [ADVANCE RELEASE] 79.1 TUNGSTEN By Kim B. Shedd Domestic survey

  2. 2011 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    consumption increased significantly in 2011, as compared with that of 2010. World tungsten mine production. salient u.s. tungsten statistics and world tungsten concentrate production for 200711 are listed in table2011 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey TUNGSTEN [ADVANCE

  3. 2011 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ); Oil-dri Corp. of america (fuller's earth); Texas Industries, Inc. (common clay and shale); Thiele2011 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey CLAY AND SHALE [ADVANCE RELEASE] May 2013 #12;Clay and Shale--2011 [adVanCe ReleaSe] 18.1 Clay and Shale By Robert l

  4. 2007 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. Geological Survey from a voluntary survey of domestic operations. Of the 44 operations surveyed, 32 did concentrates are developed by a second voluntary survey of domestic mining operations. Of the two domestic2007 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM

  5. 2008 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of domestic operations. of the 46 operations surveyed, 21 responded. data for nonrespondents were estimated concentrates were developed from a second voluntary survey of domestic mining operations. The two domestic2008 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM

  6. 2009 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a voluntary survey of domestic operations. of the 41 operations surveyed, 20 responded. data concentrates were developed from a second voluntary survey of domestic mining operations. The two domestic2009 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey ZIRCONIUM AND HAFNIUM

  7. Measure Guideline: Summary of Interior Ducts in New Construction, Including an Efficient, Affordable Method to Install Fur-Down Interior Ducts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beal, D.; McIlvaine , J.; Fonorow, K.; Martin, E.

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document illustrates guidelines for the efficient installation of interior duct systems in new housing, including the fur-up chase method, the fur-down chase method, and interior ducts positioned in sealed attics or sealed crawl spaces. This document illustrates guidelines for the efficient installation of interior duct systems in new housing. Interior ducts result from bringing the duct work inside a home's thermal and air barrier. Architects, designers, builders, and new home buyers should thoroughly investigate any opportunity for energy savings that is as easy to implement during construction, such as the opportunity to construct interior duct work. In addition to enhanced energy efficiency, interior ductwork results in other important advantages, such as improved indoor air quality, increased system durability and increased homeowner comfort. While the advantages of well-designed and constructed interior duct systems are recognized, the implementation of this approach has not gained a significant market acceptance. This guideline describes a variety of methods to create interior ducts including the fur-up chase method, the fur-down chase method, and interior ducts positioned in sealed attics or sealed crawl spaces. As communication of the intent of an interior duct system, and collaboration on its construction are paramount to success, this guideline details the critical design, planning, construction, inspection, and verification steps that must be taken. Involved in this process are individuals from the design team; sales/marketing team; and mechanical, insulation, plumbing, electrical, framing, drywall and solar contractors.

  8. Experimental investigation of opacity models for stellar interior, inertial fusion, and high energy density plasmasa...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Experimental investigation of opacity models for stellar interior, inertial fusion, and high energy for calculating energy transport in plasmas. In particular, understanding stellar interiors, inertial fusion more energy and the backlight must be bright enough to overwhelm the plasma self

  9. Demand response-enabled autonomous control for interior space conditioning in residential buildings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xue

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of demand response for residential buildings. ProfessorDemand Response-enabled Autonomous Control for Interior Space Conditioning in Residential BuildingsDemand Response-enabled Autonomous Control for Interior Space Conditioning in Residential Buildings

  10. Interior-Branch and Bootstrap Tests of Phylogenetic Trees Tatyana Sitnikova, Andrey Rzhetsky, and Masatoshi Nei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nei, Masatoshi

    Interior-Branch and Bootstrap Tests of Phylogenetic Trees Tatyana Sitnikova, Andrey Rzhetsky University We have compared statistical properties of the interior-branch and bootstrap tests of phylogenetic of a predetermined topology, the interior- branch and bootstrap tests provide the confidence values, PC and PB

  11. Method and system for treating an interior surface of a workpiece using a charged particle beam

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Swenson, David Richard (Georgetown, MA)

    2007-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and system of treating an interior surface on an internal cavity of a workpiece using a charged particle beam. A beam deflector surface of a beam deflector is placed within the internal cavity of the workpiece and is used to redirect the charged particle beam toward the interior surface to treat the interior surface.

  12. Plasma Decontamination of Uranium From the Interior of Aluminum Objects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veilleux, J.M.; Munson, C.; Fitzpatrick, J.; Chamberlin, E.P.; El-Genk, M.S.

    1997-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    RF plasma glow discharges are being investigated for removing and recovering radioactive elements from contaminated objects, especially those contaminated with transuranic (TRU) materials. These plasmas, using nitrogen trifluoride as the working gas, have been successful at removing uranium and plutonium contaminants from test coupons of stainless steel and aluminum surfaces, including small cracks and crevices, and the interior surfaces of relatively hard to reach aluminum pipes. Contaminant removal exceeded 99.9% from simple surfaces and contaminant recovery using cryogenic traps has exceeded 50%. Work continues with the objective of demonstrating that transuranic contaminated waste can be transformed to low level waste (LLW) and to better understand the physics of the interaction between plasma and surface contaminants. This work summarizes the preliminary results from plasma decontamination from the interior of aluminum objects--the nooks and crannies experiments.

  13. The Solar Heavy Element Abundances: I. Constraints from Stellar Interiors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delahaye, F; Delahaye, Franck; Pinsonneault, Marc

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The latest solar atmosphere models include non-LTE corrections and 3D hydrodynamic convection simulations. These models predict a significant reduction in the solar metal abundance, which leads to a serious conflict between helioseismic data and the predictions of solar interiors models. We demonstrate that the helioseismic constraints on the surface convection zone depth and helium abundance combined with stellar interiors models can be used to define the goodness of fit for a given chemical composition. After a detailed examination of the errors in the theoretical models we conclude that models constructed with the older solar abundances are consistent (seismic data. Models constructed with the proposed new low abundance scale are strongly disfavored, disagreeing at the 15 \\sigma level. We then use the sensitivity of the seismic properties to abundance changes to invert the problem and infer a seismic solar heavy element abundance mix with two components: meteoritic abundances, and th...

  14. United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service Fishery Leaflet 99 Chicago 54. fact. and the eVident nec.eulty for maxImum vllamln recovery from eXI.tlng re- .o\\!r ~c: the F..h 4"J ue. All cooks wen" made with live steam , the cooking time be n g of tc n minutes dUfa tion

  15. OHMIC DISSIPATION IN THE INTERIORS OF HOT JUPITERS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang Xu [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, 4 Ivy Lane, Peyton Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Cumming, Andrew, E-mail: xuhuang@princeton.edu, E-mail: cumming@physics.mcgill.ca [Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 Rue University, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada)

    2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We present models of ohmic heating in the interiors of hot Jupiters in which we decouple the interior and the wind zone by replacing the wind zone with a boundary temperature T{sub iso} and magnetic field B{sub {phi}0}. Ohmic heating influences the contraction of gas giants in two ways: by direct heating within the convection zone and by heating outside the convection zone, which increases the effective insulation of the interior. We calculate these effects and show that internal ohmic heating is only able to slow the contraction rate of a cooling gas giant once the planet reaches a critical value of internal entropy. We determine the age of the gas giant when ohmic heating becomes important as a function of mass, T{sub iso}, and induced B{sub {phi}0}. With this survey of parameter space complete, we then adopt the wind zone scalings of Menou and calculate the expected evolution of gas giants with different levels of irradiation. We find that, with this prescription of magnetic drag, it is difficult to inflate massive planets or those with strong irradiation using ohmic heating, meaning that we are unable to account for many of the observed hot Jupiter radii. This is in contrast to previous evolutionary models that assumed that a constant fraction of the irradiation is transformed into ohmic power.

  16. Temporal variations of the rotation rate in the solar interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. M. Antia; Sarbani Basu

    2000-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The temporal variations of the rotation rate in the solar interior are studied using frequency splittings from Global Oscillations Network Group (GONG) data obtained during the period 1995-99. We find alternating latitudinal bands of faster and slower rotation which appear to move towards the equator with time - similar to the torsional oscillations seen at the solar surface. This flow pattern appears to persist to a depth of about 0.1R_sun and in this region its magnitude is well correlated with solar activity indices. We do not find any periodic or systematic changes in the rotation rate near the base of the convection zone.

  17. Evaluations of fiber optic sensors for interior applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sandoval, M.W.; Malone, T.P.

    1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report addresses the testing and evaluation of commercial fiber optic intrusion detection systems in interior applications. The applications include laying optical fiber cable above suspended ceilings to detect removal of ceiling tiles, embedding optical fibers inside a tamper or item monitoring blanket that could be placed over an asset, and installing optical fibers on a door to detect movement or penetration. Detection capability of the fiber optic sensors as well as nuisance and false alarm information were focused on during the evaluation. Fiber optic sensor processing, system components, and system setup are described.

  18. How to Extract Energy from Dirty Interior Air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheney, W. A.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HOW TO EXTRACT ENERGY FROM DIRTY INTERIOR AIR William A. Cheney United Air Specialists, Inc. Cincinnati, Ohio ABSTRACT Industry is often faced with the problem of reducing the level of contaminated air in its plants. The common method... in residential and HVAC applications. With modi ~icatio~s, it .is used to control a wide range of mdustrIal partIculate contaminants. A simple diagram may help clear up any confusion that exists between the basic design of the Cottrell single stage ESP used...

  19. Effective Polymer Dynamics of D-Dimensional Black Hole Interiors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Peltola; G. Kunstatter

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider two different effective polymerization schemes applied to D-dimensional, spherically symmetric black hole interiors. It is shown that polymerization of the generalized area variable alone leads to a complete, regular, single-horizon spacetime in which the classical singularity is replaced by a bounce. The bounce radius is independent of rescalings of the homogeneous internal coordinate, but does depend on the arbitrary fiducial cell size. The model is therefore necessarily incomplete. It nonetheless has many interesting features: After the bounce, the interior region asymptotes to an infinitely expanding Kantowski-Sachs spacetime. If the solution is analytically continued across the horizon, the black hole exterior exhibits asymptotically vanishing quantum-corrections due to the polymerization. In all spacetime dimensions except four, the fall-off is too slow to guarantee invariance under Poincare transformations in the exterior asymptotic region. Hence the four-dimensional solution stands out as the only example which satisfies the criteria for asymptotic flatness. In this case it is possible to calculate the quantum-corrected temperature and entropy. We also show that polymerization of both phase space variables, the area and the conformal mode of the metric, generically leads to a multiple horizon solution which is reminiscent of polymerized mini-superspace models of spherically symmetric black holes in Loop Quantum Gravity.

  20. Effective polymer dynamics of D-dimensional black hole interiors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peltola, Ari; Kunstatter, Gabor [Department of Physics, The University of Winnipeg, 515 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3B 2E9 (Canada)

    2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider two different effective polymerization schemes applied to D-dimensional, spherically symmetric black hole interiors. It is shown that polymerization of the generalized area variable alone leads to a complete, regular, single-horizon spacetime in which the classical singularity is replaced by a bounce. The bounce radius is independent of rescalings of the homogeneous internal coordinate, but does depend on the arbitrary fiducial cell size. The model is therefore necessarily incomplete. It nonetheless has many interesting features: After the bounce, the interior region asymptotes to an infinitely expanding Kantowski-Sachs spacetime. If the solution is analytically continued across the horizon, the black hole exterior exhibits asymptotically vanishing quantum corrections due to the polymerization. In all spacetime dimensions except four, the falloff is too slow to guarantee invariance under Poincare transformations in the exterior asymptotic region. Hence, the four-dimensional solution stands out as the only example which satisfies the criteria for asymptotic flatness. In this case it is possible to calculate the quantum-corrected temperature and entropy. We also show that polymerization of both phase space variables, the area and the conformal mode of the metric, generically leads to a multiple horizon solution which is reminiscent of polymerized minisuperspace models of spherically symmetric black holes in loop quantum gravity.

  1. A PROCEDURE FOR CALCULATING INTERIOR DAYLIGHT ILLUMINATION WITH A PROGRAMMABLE HAND CALCULATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryan, H.J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    FOR CALCULATING INTERIOR DAYLIGHT ILLUMINATION WITH ACommittee E-3.2, "Daylight: International RecommendationsCalcula- tion of Natural Daylight," CIE PUBLICATION No. 16,

  2. Interior Offers First Right-of-Way for Renewable Energy Transmission...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Action Plan to create American jobs, develop clean energy sources and cut carbon pollution, Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell and Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM)...

  3. Improving an interior-point approach for large block-angular ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Applications are found in fields such as control and planning, net- work flows, stochastic linear programming, and statistical data protection. Several interior-

  4. The Age and Interior Rotation of Stars from Asteroseismology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aerts, Conny

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We provide a status report on the determination of stellar ages from asteroseismology for stars of various masses and evolutionary stages. The ability to deduce the ages of stars with a relative precision of typically 10 to 20% is a unique opportunity for stellar evolution and also of great value for both galactic and exoplanet studies. Further, a major uncalibrated ingredient that makes stellar evolution models uncertain, is the stellar interior rotation frequency $\\Omega(r)$ and its evolution during stellar life. We summarize the recent achievements in the derivation of $\\Omega(r)$ for different types stars, offering stringent observational constraints on theoretical models. Core-to-envelope rotation rates during the red giant stage are far lower than theoretical predictions, pointing towards the need to include new physical ingredients that allow strong and efficient coupling between the core and the envelope in the models of low-mass stars in the evolutionary phase prior to the core helium burning. Stars ...

  5. System Cost Analysis for an Interior Permanent Magnet Motor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peter Campbell

    2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this program is to provide an assessment of the cost structure for an interior permanent magnet ('IPM') motor which is designed to meet the 2010 FreedomCAR specification. The program is to evaluate the range of viable permanent magnet materials for an IPM motor, including sintered and bonded grades of rare earth magnets. The study considers the benefits of key processing steps, alternative magnet shapes and their assembly methods into the rotor (including magnetization), and any mechanical stress or temperature limits. The motor's costs are estimated for an annual production quantity of 200,000 units, and are broken out into such major components as magnetic raw materials, processing and manufacturing. But this is essentially a feasibility study of the motor's electromagnetic design, and is not intended to include mechanical or thermal studies as would be done to work up a selected design for production.

  6. The Solar Heavy Element Abundances: I. Constraints from Stellar Interiors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franck Delahaye; Marc Pinsonneault

    2005-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The latest solar atmosphere models include non-LTE corrections and 3D hydrodynamic convection simulations. These models predict a significant reduction in the solar metal abundance, which leads to a serious conflict between helioseismic data and the predictions of solar interiors models. We demonstrate that the helioseismic constraints on the surface convection zone depth and helium abundance combined with stellar interiors models can be used to define the goodness of fit for a given chemical composition. After a detailed examination of the errors in the theoretical models we conclude that models constructed with the older solar abundances are consistent (seismic data. Models constructed with the proposed new low abundance scale are strongly disfavored, disagreeing at the 15 \\sigma level. We then use the sensitivity of the seismic properties to abundance changes to invert the problem and infer a seismic solar heavy element abundance mix with two components: meteoritic abundances, and the light metals CNONe. Seismic degeneracies between the best solutions for the elements arise for changes in the relative CNONe abundances and their effects are quantified. We obtain Fe/H=7.50+/-0.045+/-0.003(CNNe) and O/H=8.86+/-0.041+/-0.025(CNNe) for the relative CNNe in the GS98 mixture. The inferred solar oxygen abundance disagree with the abundance inferred from the 3D hydro models. Changes in the Ne abundance can mimic changes in O for the purposes of scalar constraints.Models constructed with low oxygen and high neon are inconsistent with the solar sound speed profile. The implications for the solar abundance scale are discussed.

  7. Radiative Heating and the Buoyant Rise of Magnetic Flux Tubes in the Solar Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Radiative Heating and the Buoyant Rise of Magnetic Flux Tubes in the Solar Interior Y. Fan National the e ect of radiative heating on the evolution of thin magnetic ux tubes in the solar interior Solar Observatoryy, 950 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85719. G. H. Fisher Space Sciences Laboratory, Univ

  8. Primal-Dual Interior Point Method Applied to the Short Term Hydroelectric Scheduling Including a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliveira, Aurlio R. L.

    that minimizes losses in the transmission and costs in the generation of a hydroelectric power system, formulated such perturbing parameter. Keywords-- Hydroelectric power system, Network flow, Predispatch, Primal-dual interiorPrimal-Dual Interior Point Method Applied to the Short Term Hydroelectric Scheduling Including

  9. UNLV School of Architecture BACHELOR OF SCIENCE INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemmers, Oliver

    UNLV School of Architecture BACHELOR OF SCIENCE INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGN 4505 south maryland parkway, las vegas, nevada 89145-4018 telephone: 702 895 3031 fax: 702 895 1119 http://architecture everything the world has to offer, andwemakeitourown." Undergraduate Program in Interior Architecture

  10. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , William R. Knight, Kate Long, Patrick Lynett, Carl E. Mortensen, Dmitry J. Nicolsky, Suzanne C. Perry, Jose C. Borrero, Deborah M. Brosnan, John T. Bwarie, Eric L. Geist, Laurie A. Johnson, Stephen H. Kirby.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey #12;iii U.S. Department of the Interior SALLY JEWELL

  11. Statistical theory of interior-exterior transition and collision probabilities for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Shane

    Statistical theory of interior-exterior transition and collision probabilities for minor bodies to exhibit a complicated array of behaviors such as transition between the interior and exterior Hill. The stable and unstable invariant manifold tubes associated to libration point orbits are the phase space

  12. Expert Meeting Report: Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assemblies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ueno, K.; Van Straaten, R.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Building Science Consortium held an Expert Meeting on Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assemblies on July 30, 2011 at the Westford Regency Hotel in Westford, MA. This report outlines the extensive information that was presented on assessment of risk factors for premature building deterioration due to interior insulation retrofits, and methods to reduce such risks.

  13. A Step Towards Conservation for Interior Alaska Tribes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimberly Carlo

    2012-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This project includes a consortium of tribes. The tribes include Hughes (representing the consortium) Birch Creek, Huslia, and Allakaket. The project proposed by Interior Regional Housing Authority (IRHA) on behalf of the villages of Hughes, Birch Creek, Huslia and Allakaket is to develop an energy conservation program relevant to each specific community, educate tribe members and provide the tools to implement the conservation plan. The program seeks to achieve both energy savings and provide optimum energy requirements to support each tribe's mission. The energy management program will be a comprehensive program that considers all avenues for achieving energy savings, from replacing obsolete equipment, to the design and construction of energy conservation measures, the implementation of energy saving operation and maintenance procedures, the utilization of a community-wide building energy management system, and a commitment to educating the tribes on how to decrease energy consumption. With the implementation of this program and the development of an Energy Management Plan, these communities can then work to reduce the high cost of living in rural Alaska.

  14. BRAINS -the concepts behind a quick and efficient tool for prediction of exterior and interior railway vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    /3-octave band sound power and directivity. For interior noise the calculations are based on an SEA model of the complete acoustics management process. One key feature is that BRAINS handles exterior and interior noise for the interior volume into which the transmitted acoustic power is determined from source strength models

  15. Prior Reduced Fill-In in Solving Equations in Interior Point Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birge, John R.

    The efficiency of interior-point algorithms for linear programming is related to the effort required to factorize the matrix used to solve for the search direction at each iteration. When the linear program is in symmetric ...

  16. Techniques for solving Nonlinear Programming Problems with Emphasis on Interior Point Methods and Optimal Control Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buchanan, Catherine

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary focus of this work is a thorough research into the current available techniques for solving nonlinear programming problems. Emphasis is placed on interior-point methods and the connection between optimal ...

  17. Structure-exploiting interior point methods for security constrained optimal power flow problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiang, Naiyuan

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this research is to demonstrate some more efficient approaches to solve the n-1 security constrained optimal power flow (SCOPF) problems by using structure-exploiting primal-dual interior point methods ...

  18. Flow adjustment and interior flow associated with a rectangular porous obstruction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rominger, Jeffrey Tsaros

    The flow at the leading edge and in the interior of a rectangular porous obstruction is described through experiments and scaling. The porous obstruction consists of an emergent, rectangular array of cylinders in shallow ...

  19. Convergence analysis of a primal-dual interior-point method for ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We believe that failure of a problem to satisfy assumption (A2) is usually a case ... analysis because the interior-point algorithm decreases a value of a penalty-.

  20. BFA IN STUDIO ART Area of Emphasis: Interior Design Suggested 4 Year Curriculum Internship Option

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    BFA IN STUDIO ART Area of Emphasis: Interior Design Suggested 4 Year Curriculum Internship Option Internship 3 hours FOURTH YEAR First semester Area Hours Must Second semester Area Hours ARID 3220 /3210

  1. 4/3/12 2:13 PMMantle Convection: Earth's Interior Page 1 of 3http://conman.geos.vt.edu/~sdk/mantle/interior.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith-Konter, Bridget

    spherical shells: the crust, the mantle, and the core. The crust ranges from 6 to 70 kilometers thick minerals and the liquid iron outer core. #12;4/3/12 2:13 PMMantle Convection: Earth's Interior Page 2 of 3, O) in the Sun's outer corona and show no indication of chemical alteration since their formation

  2. Basin Analysis of the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin and Petroleum System Modeling of the Jurassic Smackover Formation, Eastern Gulf Coastal Plain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernest A. Mancini

    1998-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective is to provide a comprehensive geologic analysis of the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin.

  3. Basin Analysis of the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin and Petroleum System Modeling of the Jurassic Smackover Formation, Eastern Gulf Coastal Plain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernest A. Mancini

    1998-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective is to provide a comprehensive geologic analysis of the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin.

  4. Basin Analysis of the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin and Petroleum System Modeling of the Jurassic Smackover Formation, Eastern Gulf Coastal Plain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernest A. Mancini

    1997-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective is to provide a comprehensive geologic analysis of the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin.

  5. MODELING THE DYNAMICAL COUPLING OF SOLAR CONVECTION WITH THE RADIATIVE INTERIOR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brun, Allan Sacha [Laboratoire AIM Paris-Saclay, CEA/Irfu Universite Paris-Diderot CNRS/INSU, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Miesch, Mark S. [High Altitude Observatory, NCAR, Boulder, CO 80307-3000 (United States); Toomre, Juri [JILA and Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309-0440 (United States)

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The global dynamics of a rotating star like the Sun involves the coupling of a highly turbulent convective envelope overlying a seemingly benign radiative interior. We use the anelastic spherical harmonic code to develop a new class of three-dimensional models that nonlinearly couple the convective envelope to a deep stable radiative interior. The numerical simulation assumes a realistic solar stratification from r = 0.07 up to 0.97R (with R the solar radius), thus encompassing part of the nuclear core up through most of the convection zone. We find that a tachocline naturally establishes itself between the differentially rotating convective envelope and the solid body rotation of the interior, with a slow spreading that is here diffusively controlled. The rapid angular momentum redistribution in the convective envelope leads to a fast equator and slow poles, with a conical differential rotation achieved at mid-latitudes, much as has been deduced by helioseismology. The convective motions are able to overshoot downward about 0.04R into the radiative interior. However, the convective meridional circulation there is confined to a smaller penetration depth and is directed mostly equatorward at the base of the convection zone. Thermal wind balance is established in the lower convection zone and tachocline but departures are evident in the upper convection zone. Internal gravity waves are excited by the convective overshooting, yielding a complex wave field throughout the radiative interior.

  6. Video and thermal imaging system for monitoring interiors of high temperature reaction vessels

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Saveliev, Alexei V. (Chicago, IL); Zelepouga, Serguei A. (Hoffman Estates, IL); Rue, David M. (Chicago, IL)

    2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A system and method for real-time monitoring of the interior of a combustor or gasifier wherein light emitted by the interior surface of a refractory wall of the combustor or gasifier is collected using an imaging fiber optic bundle having a light receiving end and a light output end. Color information in the light is captured with primary color (RGB) filters or complimentary color (GMCY) filters placed over individual pixels of color sensors disposed within a digital color camera in a BAYER mosaic layout, producing RGB signal outputs or GMCY signal outputs. The signal outputs are processed using intensity ratios of the primary color filters or the complimentary color filters, producing video images and/or thermal images of the interior of the combustor or gasifier.

  7. The potential use of domestic safeguards interior monitors in International Safeguards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, J.D.; Dupree, S.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Sonnier, C.S. [Jupiter Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An important future element of International Safeguards instrumentation is expected to be the merging of containment/surveillance and nondestructive assay equipment with domestic physical protection equipment into integrated systems, coupled with remote monitoring. Instrumentation would include interior monitoring and assessment and entry/exit monitoring. Of particular importance is the application of interior monitors in spaces of declared inactivity; for example, in nuclear material storage locations that are entered infrequently. The use of modern interior monitors in International Safeguards offers potential for improving effectiveness and efficiency. Within the context of increased cooperation, one can readily envision increased interaction between International Safeguards and Domestic Safeguards, including increased joint use of State System of Accounting and Control data.

  8. Can we constrain interior structure of rocky exoplanets from mass and radius measurements?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorn, Caroline; Heng, Kevin; Alibert, Yann; Connolly, James A D; Benz, Willy; Tackley, Paul

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an inversion method based on Bayesian analysis to constrain the interior structure of terrestrial exoplanets, in the form of chemical composition of the mantle and core size. Specifically, we identify what parts of the interior structure of terrestrial exoplanets can be determined from observations of mass, radius, and stellar elemental abundances. We perform a full probabilistic inverse analysis to formally account for observational and model uncertainties and obtain confidence regions of interior structure models. This enables us to characterize how model variability depends on data and associated uncertainties. We test our method on terrestrial solar system planets and find that our model predictions are consistent with independent estimates. Furthermore, we apply our method to synthetic exoplanets up to 10 Earth masses and up to 1.7 Earth radii as well as to exoplanet Kepler-36b. Importantly, the inversion strategy proposed here provides a framework for understanding the level of precision requ...

  9. Methods for coating conduit interior surfaces utilizing a thermal spray gun with extension arm

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Moore, Karen A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Zatorski, Raymond A. (East Hampton, CT)

    2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems and methods for applying a coating to an interior surface of a conduit. In one embodiment, a spray gun configured to apply a coating is attached to an extension arm which may be inserted into the bore of a pipe. The spray gun may be a thermal spray gun adapted to apply a powder coating. An evacuation system may be used to provide a volume area of reduced air pressure for drawing overspray out of the pipe interior during coating. The extension arm as well as the spray gun may be cooled to maintain a consistent temperature in the system, allowing for more consistent coating.

  10. Systems and methods for coating conduit interior surfaces utilizing a thermal spray gun with extension arm

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Moore, Karen A.; Zatorski, Raymond A.

    2005-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems and methods for applying a coating to an interior surface of a conduit. In one embodiment, a spray gun configured to apply a coating is attached to an extension arm which may be inserted into the bore of a pipe. The spray gun may be a thermal spray gun adapted to apply a powder coating. An evacuation system may be used to provide a volume area of reduced air pressure for drawing overspray out of the pipe interior during coating. The extension arm as well as the spray gun may be cooled to maintain a consistent temperature in the system, allowing for more consistent coating.

  11. 2012 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    States. In China, lithium carbonate was produced from brines from the Zabayu Salt Lake in western Tibet and from the Dongtai and Xitai Salt Lakes in Qinghai Province. China was the only country that produced, the company continued to make progress on a well drilling program designed to double Rockwood's lithium

  12. Cretaceous shallow drilling, US Western Interior: Core research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arthur, M.A.

    1993-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This project is a continuing multidisciplinary study of middle to Upper Cretaceous marine carbonate and clastic rocks in the Utah-Colorado-Kansas corridor of the old Cretaceous seaway that extended from the Gulf Coast to the Arctic during maximum Cretaceous transgressions. It is collaborative between in the US Geological Survey (W.E. Dean, P.I.) and University researchers led by The Pennsylvania State University(M.A. Arthur, P.I.) and funded by DOE and the USGS, in part. Research focusses on the Greenhom, Niobrara and lower Pierre Shale units and their equivalents, combining biostratigraphic/paleoecologic studies, inorganic, organic and stable isotopic geochemical studies, mineralogical investigations and high-resolution geophysical logging. This research requires unweathered samples and continuous smooth exposures'' in the form of cores from at least 4 relatively shallow reference holes (i.e. < 1000m) in transect from east to west across the basin. The major initial effort was recovery in Year 1 of the project of continuous cores from each site in the transect. This drilling provided samples and logs of strata ranging from pelagic sequences that contain organic-carbon-rich marine source rocks to nearshore coal-bearing units. This transect also will provide information on the extent of thermal maturation and migration of hydrocarbons in organic-carbon-rich strata along a burial gradient.

  13. United States Department of the Interior WESTERN FISHERIES RESEARCH CENTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    goals of many in the natural resource community to restore habitats and the biological systems within of ecosystem-based management, multi-species approaches, and for greater emphasis on the environmental effects effects on habitat quality. Many of our contaminant discussions are estuarine-based and are presented

  14. Measure Guideline: Installing Rigid Foam Insulation on the Interior of Existing Brick Walls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Natarajan, H.; Klocke, S.; Puttagunta, S.

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This measure guideline provides information on an effective method to insulate the interior of existing brick masonry walls with extruded polystyrene (XPS) insulation board. The guide outlines step-by-step design and installation procedures while explaining the benefits and tradeoffs where applicable. The authors intend that this document be useful to a varied audience that includes builders, remodelers, contractors and homeowners.

  15. An Interior-Point Trust-Funnel Algorithm for Nonlinear Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 20, 2013 ... Mathematics Subject Classification (2010) 49J52 49M37 65F22 65K05 90C26 90C30 90C55 ... This author was supported by U.S. Department of Energy grant ... The efficiency of interior-point methods for solving lin-.

  16. A constructive interior penalty method for optimal control problems with state and input constraints.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    which allows us to address constrained optimal control of non linear systems by interior penalty methods in the article. It is shown that it allows us to approach the solution of the non linear optimal control problem a constrained optimal control problem (COCP) for a general single-input single-output (SISO) with non linear

  17. Production of Fish Oil UNITED STATES DEPART MENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    processing that will re- duce the oil content in the meal to a level acceptable to the market. In the pastProduction of Fish Oil UNITED STATES DEPART MENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE BUREAU. Crowther, Director Production of Fish Oil By GEORGE M. PIGOTT Assistant Professor, Food Science Departm

  18. Multi-decadal projections of surface and interior pathways of the Fukushima Cesium-137 radioactive plume

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    England, Matthew

    contaminated with radionuclides, including Cesium-137, were released into the Pacific Ocean. With a halfMulti-decadal projections of surface and interior pathways of the Fukushima Cesium-137 radioactive of the leaked Cs-137 in the North Pacific Ocean. The simulations suggest that the contaminated plume would have

  19. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey 2013 U.S. Geological Survey Petroleum and Production 6.9 billion barrels of oil consumption by U.S. annually (EIA) Production to date1 Williston of oil ~22% of Williston Basin production has been from the Bakken-Three Forks 1: Production numbers

  20. Interior Design Program Ranked Among Top in Nation Learning by Doing: Undergraduate Researchers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Wheat Disease: A Race Against Nature Toasting a Vintage Partnership: WSU and Washington's Wine Industry by Design .......................................10 Interior Design program and students recognized Wheat. Hawaii, Qwest Field, seattle 19 Wsu vs. southern methodist, pullman 26 Wsu vs. usC, Los angeles, Ca

  1. U.S. Department of the Interior June 2013 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U.S. Department of the Interior June 2013 U.S. Geological Survey pa Mineral Industry Surveys. White (Data) Telephone: (703) 648-7986 Fax: (703) 648-7975 E-mail: lwhite@usgs.gov Internet: http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals and Indonesia have cut back output owing to the rising cost of ore extraction. In Indonesia, tin mining

  2. INTERIOR LIGHTING CASE STUDY For more information, visit PARTNERSHIPDEMONSTRATIONS.ORG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    INTERIOR LIGHTING CASE STUDY » For more information, visit PARTNERSHIPDEMONSTRATIONS.ORG In 2013 the SPEED team collaborated with UC San Francisco to demonstrate three lighting retrofits of fluorescent the feasibility of adaptive corridor lighting retrofits for sites with different budgets and financing

  3. Interior Duct Wall Pressure Downstream of a Low-Speed Scott C. Morris

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alonso, Juan J.

    Interior Duct Wall Pressure Downstream of a Low-Speed Rotor Scott C. Morris , David B. Stephens The region downstream of a ducted rotor has been experimentally investigated in terms of its wake the description of the flow field and wall pressure in the region downstream of the rotor. Measurements involving

  4. Internal geophysics (Physics of Earth's interior) Jump conditions and dynamic surface tension at permeable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Internal geophysics (Physics of Earth's interior) Jump conditions and dynamic surface tension of momentum across the interface, a possibly anisotropic surface tension and terms including an inter- face equals the jump of pressure; and in the presence of surface tension defined as a capillary action due

  5. An Interpretation of Baroclinic Initial Value Problems: Results for Simple Basic States with Nonzero Interior PV Gradients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Vries, Hylke

    with Nonzero Interior PV Gradients HYLKE DE VRIES, JOHN METHVEN, AND THOMAS H. A. FRAME Department, where the meridional potential vorticity (PV) gradient is zero, perturbation energy growth can, resonance occurs as interior PV anomalies excite the edge waves, and the Orr mechanism involves only

  6. Minimization of energy consumption in HVAC systems with data-driven models and an interior-point method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusiak, Andrew

    Minimization of energy consumption in HVAC systems with data-driven models and an interior-driven approach is applied to minimize energy consumption of a heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC online 13 June 2014 Keywords: HVAC Interior-point method Internal heat gain Multilayer perceptron

  7. PROCEDURES FOR CHANGING MAJORS WITHIN THE DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE We have had a number of inquiries regarding changing majors from: Architecture to Interior Architecture and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    9/05 PROCEDURES FOR CHANGING MAJORS WITHIN THE DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE We have had a number of inquiries regarding changing majors from: Architecture to Interior Architecture and Interior Architecture to Architecture. The application requirements for admission to Architecture and Interior Architecture Programs

  8. New Constraints on the Composition of Jupiter from Galileo Measurements and Interior Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tristan Guillot; Daniel Gautier; William B. Hubbard

    1997-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the helium abundance measured by Galileo in the atmosphere of Jupiter and interior models reproducing the observed external gravitational field, we derive new constraints on the composition and structure of the planet. We conclude that, except for helium which must be more abundant in the metallic interior than in the molecular envelope, Jupiter could be homogeneous (no core) or could have a central dense core up to 12 Earth masses. The mass fraction of heavy elements is less than 7.5 times the solar value in the metallic envelope and between 1 and 7.2 times solar in the molecular envelope. The total amount of elements other than hydrogen and helium in the planet is between 11 and 45 Earth masses.

  9. The gravitational heat conduction and the hierarchical structure in solar interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng Yahui; Du Jiulin

    2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    With the assumption of local Tsallis equilibrium, the newly defined gravitational temperature is calculated in the solar interior, whose distribution curve can be divided into three parts, the solar core region, radiation region and convection region, in excellent agreement with the solar hierarchical structure. By generalizing the Fourier law, one new mechanism of heat conduction, based on the gradient of the gravitational temperature, is introduced into the astrophysical system. This mechanism is related to the self-gravity of such self-gravitating system whose characteristic scale is large enough. It perhaps plays an important role in the astrophysical system which, in the solar interior, leads to the heat accumulation at the bottom of the convection layer and then motivates the convection motion.

  10. Some glimpses from helioseismology at the dynamics of the deep solar interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gough, D O

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Helioseismology has taught us a great deal about the stratification and kinematics of the solar interior, sufficient for us to embark upon dynamical studies more detailed than have been possible before. The most sophisticated studies to date have been the very impressive numerical simulations of the convection zone, from which, especially in recent years, a great deal has been learnt. Those simulations, and the seismological evidence with which they are being confronted, are reviewed elsewhere in this volume. Our understanding of the global dynamics of the radiative interior of the Sun is in a much more primitive state. Nevertheless, some progress has been made, and seismological inference has provided us with evidence of more to come. Some of that I summarize here, mentioning in passing hints that are pointing the way to the future.

  11. Surface Tension and Negative Pressure Interior of a Non-Singular `Black Hole'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazur, Pawel O

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The constant density interior Schwarzschild solution for a static, spherically symmetric collapsed star has a divergent pressure when its radius $R\\le\\frac{9}{8}R_s=\\frac{9}{4}GM$. We show that this divergence is integrable, and induces a non-isotropic transverse stress with a finite redshifted surface tension on a spherical surface of radius $R_0=3R\\sqrt{1-\\frac{8}{9}\\frac{R}{R_s}}$. For $r surface is localized at the Schwarzschild radius itself, $R_0=R_s$, and the solution has constant negative pressure $p =-\\bar\\rho$ everywhere in the interior $rsurface tension of the condensate star surface is given by $\\tau_s=\\Delta\\kappa/8\\pi G$, where $\\Delta\\kappa=\\kappa_+-\\kappa_-=2\\kappa_+=1/R_s$ is the difference of equal and opposite surface grav...

  12. The biological control of brown soft scale Coccus hesperidum L. (Homoptera: Coccidae) in interior plantscapes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stauffer, Robert Stevens

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    underway. I would also like to thank Texas Instruments, 3M Corporanon, and the Conroe Elementary School District for allowing their interior plantscapes to be used as research sites. And finally, thanks to the San Antonio Botanical Gardens, for giving me.... BIOLOGICAL CONTROL UTILIZING METAPHYCUS ALBERTI(HOWARD) . . . . . 56 Introduction . Materials and Methods. Site Selection. Site Preparation and Sampling Methods Introduction of Parasites and Measurement Intervals . . . Results...

  13. Department of the Interior Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Sherman Indian School

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of the Interior's Bureau of Indian Affairs has found a good way to reduce energy costs, replace inefficient lighting and aging building equipment, and install renewable energy systems without huge increases in the BIA budget. The agency is doing all this by making use of the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Super Energy Savings Performance Contracts (Super ESPCs) at BIA schools and facilities throughout the country.

  14. A determination of thermal surface resistance of interior walls in intermittently heated buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomson, John Edmund

    1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?I. 0' ILDlUG G(, NDITION"' G C . ;DIIIOIID ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 ~ ou&Xs' Y ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o ~ ~ ~ ~ LIT?'"w&FUIm CIT''D ~ ~ ~ ~ e ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ M LIST 07 FIOUBES 1, I Model wall with smooth surfaoe 8 ~ II tlodel wall with painted surfaoe... ~ ~ C 5. III Lfodel wall faoing interior and exterior room walls ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ \\ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Page 4. IV Looation of heater with respeot to the mode 1 wall e ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 21 5. Graph I iiverage unit surfaoe oonduotanoe fox smooth surfaoe...

  15. Comparison of Jupiter Interior Models Derived from First-Principles Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Militzer; W. B. Hubbard

    2008-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently two groups used first-principles computer simulations to model Jupiter's interior. While both studies relied on the same simulation technique, density functional molecular dynamics, the groups derived very different conclusions. In particular estimates for the size of Jupiter's core and the metallicity of its hydrogen-helium mantle differed substantially. In this paper, we discuss the differences of the approaches and give an explanation for the differing conclusions.

  16. Surface Tension and Negative Pressure Interior of a Non-Singular `Black Hole'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawel O. Mazur; Emil Mottola

    2015-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The constant density interior Schwarzschild solution for a static, spherically symmetric collapsed star has a divergent pressure when its radius $R\\le\\frac{9}{8}R_s=\\frac{9}{4}GM$. We show that this divergence is integrable, and induces a non-isotropic transverse stress with a finite redshifted surface tension on a spherical surface of radius $R_0=3R\\sqrt{1-\\frac{8}{9}\\frac{R}{R_s}}$. For $r surface is localized at the Schwarzschild radius itself, $R_0=R_s$, and the solution has constant negative pressure $p =-\\bar\\rho$ everywhere in the interior $rsurface tension of the condensate star surface is given by $\\tau_s=\\Delta\\kappa/8\\pi G$, where $\\Delta\\kappa=\\kappa_+-\\kappa_-=2\\kappa_+=1/R_s$ is the difference of equal and opposite surface gravities between the exterior and interior Schwarzschild solutions. The First Law, $dM=dE_v+\\tau_s dA$ is recognized as a purely mechanical classical relation at zero temperature and zero entropy, describing the volume energy and surface energy change respectively. Since there is no event horizon, the Schwarzschild time t of such a non-singular gravitational condensate star is a global time, fully consistent with unitary time evolution in quantum theory. The $p=-\\bar\\rho$ interior acts as a defocusing lens for light passing through the condensate, leading to imaging characteristics distinguishable from a classical black hole. A further observational test of gravitational condensate stars with a physical surface vs. black holes is the discrete surface modes of oscillation which should be detectable by their gravitational wave signatures.

  17. Process for sensing defects on a smooth cylindrical interior surface in tubing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dutton, G.W.

    1987-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The cylindrical interior surface of small diameter metal tubing is optically inspected to determine surface roughness by passing a slightly divergent light beam to illuminate the entire interior surface of the tubing. Impingement of the input light beam components on any rough spots on the interior surface generates forward and backward scattered radiation components. The forward scattered components can be measured by blocking direct and specular radiation components exiting the tubing while allowing the forward scattered radiation to travel past the blocking location. Collecting optics are employed to converge the forward scattered radiation onto a photodetector generating a signal indicative of surface roughness. In the back scattered mode, back scattered radiation exiting the tubing through the entrance opening is reflected 90[degree] by a beam splitter towards collecting optics and a photodetector. Alternatively, back scattered radiation can be transmitted through a fiber optic bundle towards the collecting optics. The input light beam can be supplied through a white light fiber optic bundle mounted coaxial with the first bundle. 6 figs.

  18. Method of coating the interior surface of hollow objects with a diffusion coating

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Knowles, Shawn D.; Senor, David J.; Forbes, Steven V.; Johnson, Roger N.; Hollenberg, Glenn W.

    2005-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for forming a diffusion coating on the interior of surface of a hollow object wherein a filament, extending through a hollow object and adjacent to the interior surface of the object, is provided, with a coating material, in a vacuum. An electrical current is then applied to the filament to resistively heat the filament to a temperature sufficient to transfer the coating material from the filament to the interior surface of the object. The filament is electrically isolated from the object while the filament is being resistively heated. Preferably, the filament is provided as a tungsten filament or molybdenum filament. Preferably, the coating materials are selected from the group consisting of Ag, Al, As, Au, Ba, Be, Bi, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Dy, Er, Eu, Fe, Ga, Ge, Hg, In, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni P, Pb, Pd, Pr, S, Sb, Sc, Se, Si, Sn, Sr, Te, Tl, Y, Yb, Zn, and combinations thereof. The invention additionally allows for the formation of nitrides, hydrides, or carbides of all the possible coating materials, where such compounds exist, by providing a partial pressure of nitrogen, hydrogen, hydrocarbons, or combination thereof, within the vacuum.

  19. Characterization of Energy Savings and Thermal Comfort Improvements Derived from Using Interior Storm Windows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knox, Jake R.; Widder, Sarah H.

    2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This field study of a single historic home in Seattle, WA documents the performance of Indow Windowss interior storm window inserts. Energy use and the temperature profile of the house were monitored before and after the installation of the window inserts and changes in the two recorded metrics were examined. Using the defined analysis approach, it was determined that the interior storm windows produced a 22% reduction of the HVAC energy bill and had an undetermined effect on the thermal comfort in the house. Although there was no measurable changes in the thermal comfort of the house, the occupant noted the house to be warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer and that the temperatures are more even (throughout the house). The interior storm windows were found to be not cost effective, largely due to the retrofits completed on its heating system. However, if the economic analysis was conducted based on the old heating system, a 72% efficient oil fired furnace, the Indow Windows proved to be economical and had a simple payback period of 9.0 years.

  20. Illumination of interior spaces by bended hollow light guides: Application of the theoretical light propagation method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darula, Stanislav; Kocifaj, Miroslav; Kittler, Richard [ICA, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava (Slovakia); Kundracik, Frantisek [Department of Experimental Physics, FMPI, Comenius University, Bratislava (Slovakia)

    2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    To ensure comfort and healthy conditions in interior spaces the thermal, acoustics and daylight factors of the environment have to be considered in the building design. Due to effective energy performance in buildings the new technology and applications also in daylight engineering are sought such as tubular light guides. These allow the transport of natural light into the building core reducing energy consumption. A lot of installations with various geometrical and optical properties can be applied in real buildings. The simplest set of tubular light guide consists of a transparent cupola, direct tube with high reflected inner surface and a ceiling cover or diffuser redistributing light into the interior. Such vertical tubular guide is often used on flat roofs. When the roof construction is inclined a bend in the light guide system has to be installed. In this case the cupola is set on the sloped roof which collects sunlight and skylight from the seen part of the sky hemisphere as well as that reflected from the ground and opposite facades. In comparison with the vertical tube some additional light losses and distortions of the propagated light have to be expected in bended tubular light guides. Recently the theoretical model of light propagation was already published and its applications are presented in this study solving illuminance distributions on the ceiling cover interface and further illuminance distribution on the working plane in the interior. (author)

  1. Process for sensing defects on a smooth cylindrical interior surface in tubing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dutton, G. Wayne (7010 Weld Co. Rd. 1, Longmont, CO 80501)

    1987-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The cylindrical interior surface of small diameter metal tubing is optically inspected to determine surface roughness by passing a slightly divergent light beam to illuminate the entire interior surface of the tubing. Impingement of the input light beam components on any rough spots on the interior surface generates forward and backward scattered radiation components. The forward scattered components can be measured by blocking direct and specular radiation components exiting the tubing while allowing the forward scattered radiation to travel past the blocking location. Collecting optics are employed to converge the forward scattered radiation onto a photodetector generating a signal indicative of surface roughness. In the back scattered mode, back scattered radiation exiting the tubing through the entrance opening is reflected 90.degree. by a beam splitter towards collecting optics and a photodetector. Alternatively, back scattered radiation can be transmitted through a fiber optic bundle towards the collecting optics. The input light beam can be supplied through a white light fiber optic bundle mounted coaxial with the first bundle.

  2. Ornament after the orders : Percier, Fontaine and the rise of the architectural interior in post-revolutionary France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moon, Iris (Iris Jee)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation explores the collaborative work in interior decoration undertaken by the French architects Charles Percier (1764-1838) and Pierre-Franois-Lonard Fontaine (1762- 1853), in order to argue that their shared ...

  3. A review of "Being Interior: Autobiography and the Contradictions of Modernity in Seventeenth-Century France." by Nicholas D. Paige

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zahi Zalloua

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    autobiographers: Jean de REVIEWS 75 Labadie (1610-1674), Antoinette Bourignon (1610-1680), and Jeanne Guyon (1648-1717). The utopian wish to effectuate a pure correspondence between interiority and exteriority through the autobiographical text is shown to have...

  4. Building America Case Study: Raised Ceiling Interior Duct System, New Smyrna, Florida (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of BA-PIRC's longtime Habitat for Humanity partners, S.E. Volusia CO (SEVHFH), was interested in building a home to the new Challenge Home standards. SEVHFH routinely builds ENERGY STAR V3.1 homes. The only modification to their design needed to comply with the Challenge Home criteria was the interior duct requirement. Unwilling to incur the added costs of a foam roof deck or wall heights above 8 feet to accommodate a fur-down chase SEVHFH opted to build a fur-up or raised ceiling chase.

  5. A subspace, interior, and conjugate gradient method for large-scale bound-constrained minimization problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Branch, M.A.; Coleman, T.F.; Li, Y.

    1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A subspace adaptation of the Coleman-Li trust region and interior method is proposed for solving large-scale bound-constrained minimization problems. This method can be implemented with either sparse Cholesky factorization or conjugate gradient computation. Under reasonable conditions the convergence properties of this subspace trust region method are as strong as those of its full-space version. Computational performance on various large test problems is reported; advantages of the approach are demonstrated. The experience indicates that the proposed method represents an efficient way to solve large bound-constrained minimization problems.

  6. Frontier of the physics of dense plasmas and planetary interiors: experiments, theory, applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saumon, Didier [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fortney, Jonathan J [UC SANTA CRUZ; Glenzer, Siegfried H [LLNL; Koenig, Michel [LULI (FRANCE); Brambrink, E [LULI(FRANCE); Militzer, Burkhard [UC BERKELEY; Valencia, Diana [HARVARD U

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent developments of dynamic x-ray characterization experiments of dense matter are reviewed, with particular emphasis on conditions relevant to interiors of terrestrial and gas giant planets. These studies include characterization of compressed states of matter in light elements by x-ray scattering and imaging of shocked iron by radiography. Several applications of this work are examined. These include the structure of massive 'super-Earth' terrestrial planets around other stars, the 40 known extrasolar gas giants with measured masses and radii, and Jupiter itself, which serves as the benchmark for giant planets.

  7. What the Timing of Millisecond Pulsars Can Teach us about Their Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark G. Alford; Kai Schwenzer

    2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The cores of compact stars reach the highest densities in nature and therefore could consist of novel phases of matter. We demonstrate via a detailed analysis of pulsar evolution that precise pulsar timing data can constrain the star's composition, through unstable global oscillations (r-modes) whose damping is determined by microscopic properties of the interior. If not efficiently damped, these modes emit gravitational waves that quickly spin down a millisecond pulsar. As a first application of this general method, we find that ungapped interacting quark matter is consistent with both the observed radio and x-ray data, whereas for ordinary nuclear matter some additional enhanced damping mechanism is required.

  8. Expert Meeting Report: Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assemblies

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in Representative Geologic Media | Department of EnergyEnergy SavingsInterior

  9. PACIFICA (PACIFic ocean Interior CArbon) Database: A Data Synthesis Resource (NDP-92, ORNL/CDIAC-159)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Suzuki, T.; Ishii, M.; Aoyama, M. R; Christian, J. R.; Enyo, K.; Kawano, T.; Key, R. M.; Kosugi, N.; Kozyr, A.; Miller, L. A.; Murata, A.; Nakano, T.; Ono, T.; Saino, T.; Sasaki, K.; Sasano, D; Takatani, Y.; Wakita, M.; Sabine, C.

    PACIFICA (PACIFic ocean Interior CArbon) was an international collaborative project for synthesis of data on ocean interior carbon and its related parameters in the Pacific Ocean. The North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES), Section on Carbon and Climate (S-CC) supported the project. Hydrographic/hydrochemical datasets have been merged from a total of 272 cruises, including those from cruises conducted between the late 1980s and 2000 but not included in GLODAP, as well as CLIVAR/CO2 Repeat Hydrography datasets from the 2000s. Adjustments were calculated to account for analytical offsets in dissolved inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, salinity, oxygen, and nutrients (nitrate and nitrite, phosphate, and silicic acid) for each cruise as a result of the secondary quality control procedure, based on crossover analysis using data from deep layers (Tanhua et al., 2010). A total of 59 adjusted datasets from Line P off the west coast of Canada were also merged. Finally, the authors have produced the adjusted PACIFICA database that consists of datasets from a total of 306 cruises that also includes 34 datasets from WOCE Hydrographic Program cruises in the Pacific Ocean conducted in the 1990s. The PACIFICA database is available free of charge as a numeric data package (NDP-92) from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) and the primary PACIFICA data site at pacifica.pices.jp. The NDP consists of the original cruise data files, adjusted data product, and the documentation.

  10. Bibliography, geophysical data locations, and well core listings for the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To date, comprehensive basin analysis and petroleum system modeling studies have not been performed on any of the basins in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico. Of these basins, the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin has been selected for study because it is the most petroliferous basin in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico, small- and medium-size companies are drilling the majority of the exploration wells. These companies do not have the resources to perform basin analysis or petroleum system modeling research studies nor do they have the resources to undertake elaborate information searches through the volumes of publicly available data at the universities, geological surveys, and regulatory agencies in the region. The Advanced Geologic Basin Analysis Program of the US Department of Energy provides an avenue for studying and evaluating sedimentary basins. This program is designed to improve the efficiency of the discovery of the nation`s remaining undiscovered oil resources by providing improved access to information available in the public domain and by increasing the amount of public information on domestic basins. This report provides the information obtained from Year 1 of this study of the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin. The work during Year 1 focused on inventorying the data files and records of the major information repositories in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico and making these inventories easily accessible in an electronic format.

  11. Jurassic sequence stratigraphy in the Mississippi interior salt basin of Alabama

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mancini, E.A. (Geological Survey of Alabama, Tuscaloosa (USA) Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa (USA)); Tew, B.H.; Mink, R.M. (Geological Survey of Alabama, Tuscaloosa (USA))

    1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three depositional sequences associated with cycles of eustatic sea-level change and coastal onlap can be identified in the Mississippi Interior Salt basin of Alabama. In the Mississippi Interior Salt basin, the lower depositional sequence is bounded by a basal unconformity and an upper Type 2 unconformity in the Callovian. This sequence includes Louann evaporites, Pine Hill anhydrites and shales, and Norphlet eolian sandstones. The middle depositional sequence reflects relative sea-level rise in the late Callovian. This sequence includes Norphlet marine sandstones and lower Smackover packstones and mudstones, middle Smackover mudstones and upper Smackover grainstones and anhydrites. The sequence has an upper Type 2 unconformity indicating relative sea-level fall in the Oxfordian. The upper depositional sequence reflects relative sea-level rise in the late Oxfordian. This sequence includes lower Haynesville evaporites and clastics (transgressive deposits), middle Haynesville carbonate mudstones and shales (condensed section), and upper Haynesville updip continental sandstones and downdip shales, limestones, and anhydrites (progradational highstand regressive deposits). The sequence has an upper Type 1 unconformity indicating abrupt sea-level fall in the late Kimmeridgian. In these depositional sequences, progradational highstand regressive deposits are the principal petroleum reservoirs. Condensed section deposits have the potential to be source rocks if subjected to proper burial conditions; however, only the lower and middle Smackover mudstones were deposited and buried under conditions favorable for hydrocarbon generation and preservation. An understanding of sequence stratigraphy can serve as an aid to identifying potential hydrocarbon exploration targets.

  12. Transitions from near-surface to interior redox upon lithiation in conversion electrode materials

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    He, Kai; Xin, Huolin L.; Zhao, Kejie; Yu, Xiqian; Norlund, Dennis; Weng, Tsu-Chien; Li, Jing; Jiang, Yi; Cadigan, Christopher A.; Richards, Ryan M.; et al

    2015-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanoparticle electrodes in lithium-ion batteries have both near-surface and interior contributions to their redox capacity, each with distinct rate capabilities. Using combined electron microscopy, synchrotron X-ray methods and ab initio calculations, we have investigated the lithiation pathways that occur in NiO electrodes. We find that the near-surface electroactive (Ni??Ni?) sites saturated very quickly, and then encounter unexpected difficulty in propagating the phase transition into the electrode (referred to as a shrinking-core mode). However, the interior capacity for Ni??Ni? can be accessed efficiently following the nucleation of lithiation fingers which propagate into the sample bulk, but only after a certain incubationmoretime. Our microstructural observations of the transition from a slow shrinking-core mode to a faster lithiation finger mode corroborate with synchrotron characterization of large-format batteries, and can be rationalized by stress effects on transport at high-rate discharge. The finite incubation time of the lithiation fingers sets the intrinsic limitation for the rate capability (and thus the power) of NiO for electrochemical energy storage devices. The present work unravels the link between the nanoscale reaction pathways and the C-rate-dependent capacity loss, and provides guidance for the further design of battery materials that favors high C-rate charging.less

  13. Transitions from near-surface to interior redox upon lithiation in conversion electrode materials

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    He, Kai [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Xin, Huolin L. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Zhao, Kejie [MIT (Massachusetts Inst. of Technology), Cambridge, MA (United States); Yu, Xiqian [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Norlund, Dennis [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Weng, Tsu-Chien [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Li, Jing [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States); Jiang, Yi [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States); Cadigan, Christopher A. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States); Richards, Ryan M. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States); Doeff, Marca M. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Yang, Xiao-Qing [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Stach, Eric A. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Li, Ju [MIT (Massachusetts Inst. of Technology), Cambridge, MA (United States); Lin, Feng [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Su, Dong [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States)

    2015-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanoparticle electrodes in lithium-ion batteries have both near-surface and interior contributions to their redox capacity, each with distinct rate capabilities. Using combined electron microscopy, synchrotron X-ray methods and ab initio calculations, we have investigated the lithiation pathways that occur in NiO electrodes. We find that the near-surface electroactive (Ni??Ni?) sites saturated very quickly, and then encounter unexpected difficulty in propagating the phase transition into the electrode (referred to as a shrinking-core mode). However, the interior capacity for Ni??Ni? can be accessed efficiently following the nucleation of lithiation fingers which propagate into the sample bulk, but only after a certain incubation time. Our microstructural observations of the transition from a slow shrinking-core mode to a faster lithiation finger mode corroborate with synchrotron characterization of large-format batteries, and can be rationalized by stress effects on transport at high-rate discharge. The finite incubation time of the lithiation fingers sets the intrinsic limitation for the rate capability (and thus the power) of NiO for electrochemical energy storage devices. The present work unravels the link between the nanoscale reaction pathways and the C-rate-dependent capacity loss, and provides guidance for the further design of battery materials that favors high C-rate charging.

  14. Basin Analysis of the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin and Petroleum System Modeling of the Jurassic Smackover Formation, Eastern Gulf Coastal Plain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mancini, Ernest A.

    2003-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The project objectives are improving access to information for the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin by inventorying data files and records of the major information repositories in the region, making these inventories easily accessible in electronic format, increasing the amount of information available on domestic sedimentary basins through a comprehensive analysis of the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin, and enhancing the understanding of the petroleum systems operating in the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin.

  15. Confinement of the Sun's interior magnetic field: some exact boundary-layer solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. S. Wood; M. E. McIntyre

    2007-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    High-latitude laminar confinement of the Sun's interior magnetic field is shown to be possible, as originally proposed by Gough and McIntyre (1998) but contrary to a recent claim by Brun and Zahn (A&A 2006). Mean downwelling as weak as 2x10^-6cm/s -- gyroscopically pumped by turbulent stresses in the overlying convection zone and/or tachocline -- can hold the field in advective-diffusive balance within a confinement layer of thickness scale ~ 1.5Mm ~ 0.002 x (solar radius) while transmitting a retrograde torque to the Ferraro-constrained interior. The confinement layer sits at the base of the high-latitude tachocline, near the top of the radiative envelope and just above the `tachopause' marking the top of the helium settling layer. A family of exact, laminar, frictionless, axisymmetric confinement-layer solutions is obtained for uniform downwelling in the limit of strong rotation and stratification. A scale analysis shows that the flow is dynamically stable and the assumption of laminar flow realistic. The solution remains valid for downwelling values of the order of 10^-5cm/s but not much larger. This suggests that the confinement layer may be unable to accept a much larger mass throughput. Such a restriction would imply an upper limit on possible internal field strengths, perhaps of the order of hundreds of gauss, and would have implications also for ventilation and lithium burning. The solutions have interesting chirality properties not mentioned in the paper owing to space restrictions, but described at http://www.atmos-dynamics.damtp.cam.ac.uk/people/mem/papers/SQBO/solarfigure.html

  16. Atmosphere, Interior, and Evolution of the Metal-Rich Transiting Planet HD 149026b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. J. Fortney; D. Saumon; M. S. Marley; K. Lodders; R. S. Freedman

    2006-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the atmosphere and interior of the new transiting planet HD 149026b, which appears to be very rich in heavy elements. We first compute model atmospheres at metallicities ranging from solar to ten times solar, and show how for cases with high metallicity or inefficient redistribution of energy from the day side, the planet may develop a hot stratosphere due to absorption of stellar flux by TiO and VO. The spectra predicted by these models are very different than cooler atmosphere models without stratospheres. The spectral effects are potentially detectable with the Spitzer Space Telescope. In addition the models with hot stratospheres lead to a large limb brightening, rather than darkening. We compare the atmosphere of HD 149026b to other well-known transiting planets, including the recently discovered HD 189733b, which we show have planet-to-star flux ratios twice that of HD 209458 and TrES-1. The methane abundance in the atmosphere of HD 189733b is a sensitive indicator of atmospheric temperature and metallicity and can be constrained with Spitzer IRAC observations. We then turn to interior studies of HD 149026b and use a grid of self-consistent model atmospheres and high-pressure equations of state for all components to compute thermal evolution models of the planet. We estimate that the mass of heavy elements within the planet is in the range of 60 to 93 M_earth. Finally, we discuss trends in the radii of transiting planets with metallicity in light of this new member of the class.

  17. Frontiers of the Physics of Dense Plasmas and Planetary Interiors: Experiment, Theory, Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fortney, J J; Glenzer, S H; Koenig, M; Brambrink, E; Militzer, B; Saumon, D; Valencia, D

    2008-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We review recent developments of dynamic x-ray characterization experiments of dense matter, with particular emphasis on conditions relevant to interiors of terrestrial and gas giant planets. These studies include characterization of compressed states of matter in light elements by x-ray scattering and imaging of shocked iron by radiography. We examine several applications of this work. These include the structure of massive 'Super Earth' terrestrial planets around other stars, the 40 known extrasolar gas giants with measured masses and radii, and Jupiter itself, which serves as our benchmark for giant planets. We are now in an era of dramatic improvement in our knowledge of the physics of materials at high density. For light elements, this theoretical and experimental work has many applications, including internal confinement fusion as well as the interiors of gas giant planets. For heavy elements, experiments on silicates and iron at high pressure are helping to better understand the Earth, as well as terrestrial planets as a class of objects. In particular, the discovery of rocky and gaseous planets in other planetary systems has opened our imaginations to planets not found in our own solar system. While the fields of experiments of matter at high densities, first principles calculations of equations of state (EOS), planetary science, and astronomy do progress independently of each other, it is important for there to be communication between fields. For instance, in the realm of planets, physicists can learn of key problems that exist in the area of planetary structure, and how advances in our understanding of input physics could shed new light in this area. Astronomers and planetary scientists can learn where breakthroughs in physics of materials under extreme conditions are occurring, and be ready to apply these findings within their fields.

  18. INTERIOR MODELS OF SATURN: INCLUDING THE UNCERTAINTIES IN SHAPE AND ROTATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helled, Ravit [Department of Geophysics, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv (Israel); Guillot, Tristan [Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, CNRS UMR 7293, BP 4229, F-06304 Nice (France)

    2013-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The accurate determination of Saturn's gravitational coefficients by Cassini could provide tighter constraints on Saturn's internal structure. Also, occultation measurements provide important information on the planetary shape which is often not considered in structure models. In this paper we explore how wind velocities and internal rotation affect the planetary shape and the constraints on Saturn's interior. We show that within the geodetic approach the derived physical shape is insensitive to the assumed deep rotation. Saturn's re-derived equatorial and polar radii at 100 mbar are found to be 54,445 {+-} 10 km and 60,365 {+-} 10 km, respectively. To determine Saturn's interior, we use one-dimensional three-layer hydrostatic structure models and present two approaches to include the constraints on the shape. These approaches, however, result in only small differences in Saturn's derived composition. The uncertainty in Saturn's rotation period is more significant: with Voyager's 10{sup h}39{sup m} period, the derived mass of heavy elements in the envelope is 0-7 M{sub Circled-Plus }. With a rotation period of 10{sup h}32{sup m}, this value becomes <4 M{sub Circled-Plus }, below the minimum mass inferred from spectroscopic measurements. Saturn's core mass is found to depend strongly on the pressure at which helium phase separation occurs, and is estimated to be 5-20 M{sub Circled-Plus }. Lower core masses are possible if the separation occurs deeper than 4 Mbar. We suggest that the analysis of Cassini's radio occultation measurements is crucial to test shape models and could lead to constraints on Saturn's rotation profile and departures from hydrostatic equilibrium.

  19. Metal-Organic Frameworks with Precisely Designed Interior for Carbon Dioxide Capture in the Presence of Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    Metal-Organic Frameworks with Precisely Designed Interior for Carbon Dioxide Capture preservation of the IRMOF structure. Carbon dioxide capture from combustion sources such as flue gas in power this carbon capture challenge. The preferred method for measuring the efficiency of a given material

  20. THE MAGNETISM OF THE SOLAR INTERIOR FOR A COMPLETE MHD SOLAR VISION S. Turck-Chi`eze1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corbard, Thierry

    1 THE MAGNETISM OF THE SOLAR INTERIOR FOR A COMPLETE MHD SOLAR VISION S. Turck-Chi`eze1 , T, BP 89, 33270 Floirac, France 18 Astronomy Unit, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road Kingdom Abstract The solar magnetism is no more considered as a purely superficial phenomenon. The So

  1. United States Department of the Interior, J. A. Kru , Secretary Fish and Wildlife Service, Albert 1. Day, Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of the Interior, J. A. Kru , Secretary Fish and Wildlife Service, Albert 1 ............ Wet Reduction Equipment Continuous Cooker Continuous Press Oil Recovery by Centrifuges Direct-Heat Drier. Steam-Tube Drier 2 3 3 5 5 6 6 Pap: Wet Reduction

  2. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 182 (2010) 98106 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that zonal flows in the interior result primarily from non-linearities in the Ekman boundary layer modes a b s t r a c t Forced longitudinal librations are oscillatory perturbations of the rotation rate librational coupling will not generate significant energy dissipation in a planetary fluid layer. It follows

  3. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 126 (2001) 93108 Rock-magnetic properties of TRM carrying baked and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 126 (2001) 93108 Rock-magnetic properties of TRM produced large areas of thermally altered sedimentary rocks with large magnetic moments. The natural remanent magnetization (NRM) and thermoremanent magnetization (TRM) intensities and low

  4. INVESTIGATION OF BREAKDOWN INDUCED SURFACE DAMAGE ON 805 MHZ PILLBOX CAVITY INTERIOR SURFACES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jana, M.R.; Chung, M.; Leonova, M.; Moretti, A.; Tollestrup,A.; Yonehara, K.; Freemire, B.; Torun, Y.; Bowring, D.; Flanagan, G.

    2013-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The MuCool Test Area (MTA) at Fermilab is a facility to develop the technology required for ionization cooling for a future Muon Collider and/or Neutrino Factory. As part of this research program, we have tested two 805 MHz vacuum RF cavities in a multi-Tesla magnetic field to study the effects of the static magnetic field on the cavity operation. This study gives useful information on field emitters in the cavity, dark current, surface conditioning, breakdown mechanisms and material properties of the cavity. All these factors determine the maximum accelerating gradient in the cavity. This paper discusses the image processing technique for quantitative estimation of spark damage spot distribution on cavity interior surfaces. The distribution is compared with the electric field distribution predicted by a computer code calculation. The local spark density is proportional to probability of surface breakdown and shows a power law dependence on the maximum electric field (E). This E dependence is consistent with the dark current calculated from the Fowler-Nordheim equation.

  5. Neutron superfluidity in strongly magnetic interiors of neutron stars and its effect on thermal evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ch. Schaab; F. Weber; M. K. Weigel

    1998-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The possibility of a neutron m=2-superfluid in the interior of neutron stars is investigated. This pairing state is energetically favoured in strong magnetic fields ($H\\sim 10^{16}-10^{17}$ G). Because of the node in the angular-dependent energy gap along the field direction the neutrino emissivity is only suppressed polynomially as function in $T/T_{c}$ instead of exponentially, as it is obtained for a nodeless pairing state. The effect of this pairing state on the thermal evolution of neutron stars is studied, and its outcome is compared with the evolution of ``normal'', i.e. nodeless, superfluid and non-superfluid neutron stars, and also with observations. We find that particularly the predicted surface temperatures of the enhanced cooling scenario considerably change and come into agreement with temperatures deduced from observational data within the hydrogen atmosphere model. Furthermore the surface temperature depends on the magnetic field strength as an additional parameter aside from the neutron star mass. The latter is however only operative in the case of the intermediate cooling scenario.

  6. Exploratory shaft conceptual design report: Gulf Interior Region salt domes. [Richton, Vacherie, Cypress domes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This conceptual design report summarizes the conceptualized design for an exploratory shaft facility at a representative site in the Gulf Interior Region of the United States (Louisiana and Mississippi). Conceptualized designs for other possible locations (Paradox Basin in Utah and Permian Basin in Texas) are summarized in separate reports. The purpose of the exploratory shaft facility is to provide access to the reference repository horizon to permit in-situ testing of the salt. The in-situ testing is necessary to verify repository salt design parameters, evaluate isotropy and homoqeneity of the salt, and provide a demonstration of the constructability and confirmation of the design to gain access to the repository. The fundamental purpose of this conceptual design report is to assure the feasibility of the exploratory shaft project and to develop a reliable cost estimate and realistic schedule. Because a site has not been selected and site-specific subsurface data are not available, it has been necessary to make certain assumptions in order to develop a conceptural design for an exploratory shaft facility in salt. As more definitive information becomes available to support the design process, adjustments in the projected schedule and estimated costs will be required.

  7. Condition Assessment Survey (CAS) Program. Deficiency standards and inspections methods manual: Volume 6, 0.06 Interior construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    General information is presented for asset determinant factor/CAS repair codes/CAS cost factors; guide sheet tool & material listing; testing methods; inspection frequency; standard system design life tables; system work breakdown structure; and general system/material data. Deficiency standards and inspection methods are presented for conventional and specialty partitions, toilet partitions & accessories, interior doors, paint finishes/coatings/ wall covering systems; floor finishing systems; and ceiling systems.

  8. Response of the engraver beetle, IPS perturbatus, to semiochemicals in white spruce stands of interior Alaska. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Werner, R.A.

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Field tests on the efficacy of various scolytid bark beetle pheromones to attract Ips perturbatus (Eichhoff) were conducted from 1977 through 1992 in stands of white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) in interior Alaska. Several pheromones attracted high numbers of I. perturbatus and species of the predator Thanasimus to baited funnel traps. Test results also indicated that attacks by I. perturbatus may be deferred by certain semiochemicals.

  9. ENERGY CONSERVATION AND GRAVITY WAVES IN SOUND-PROOF TREATMENTS OF STELLAR INTERIORS. PART I. ANELASTIC APPROXIMATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Benjamin P.; Zweibel, Ellen G. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706-1582 (United States); Vasil, Geoffrey M., E-mail: bpbrown@astro.wisc.edu [Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8 (Canada)

    2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Typical flows in stellar interiors are much slower than the speed of sound. To follow the slow evolution of subsonic motions, various sound-proof equations are in wide use, particularly in stellar astrophysical fluid dynamics. These low-Mach number equations include the anelastic equations. Generally, these equations are valid in nearly adiabatically stratified regions like stellar convection zones, but may not be valid in the sub-adiabatic, stably stratified stellar radiative interiors. Understanding the coupling between the convection zone and the radiative interior is a problem of crucial interest and may have strong implications for solar and stellar dynamo theories as the interface between the two, called the tachocline in the Sun, plays a crucial role in many solar dynamo theories. Here, we study the properties of gravity waves in stably stratified atmospheres. In particular, we explore how gravity waves are handled in various sound-proof equations. We find that some anelastic treatments fail to conserve energy in stably stratified atmospheres, instead conserving pseudo-energies that depend on the stratification, and we demonstrate this numerically. One anelastic equation set does conserve energy in all atmospheres and we provide recommendations for converting low-Mach number anelastic codes to this set of equations.

  10. BASIN ANALYSIS OF THE MISSISSIPPI INTERIOR SALT BASIN AND PETROLEUM SYSTEM MODELING OF THE JURASSIC SMACKOVER FORMATION, EASTERN GULF COASTAL PLAIN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernest A,. Mancini

    1999-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Part 2 (Basin Analysis of the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin) objectives are to provide a comprehensive analysis of the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin in Years 2 and 3 of the project and to transfer effectively the research results to producers through workshops and topical reports. Work accomplished so far: (Task 1) Tectonic History--Petroleum traps in the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin have been characterized. (Task 2) Depositional History--The depositional systems for Mesozoic strata in the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin have been identified and characterized. (Task 3) Fluid Flow--Modeling of 1-D burial and thermal history profiles for 48 wells in the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin has been completed. Multidimensional thermal maturity modeling has been initiated. (Task 4) Underdeveloped Plays--Three major exploration plays have been identified. These include the basement ridge play, the regional peripheral fault trend play, and the salt anticline play. (Task 5) Technology Transfer--No work was performed on this task for this quarter. (Task 6) Topical Reports--The topical reports on the tectonic, depositional, burial and thermal histories of the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin have been completed and sent to DOE.

  11. 16,000-rpm Interior Permanent Magnet Reluctance Machine with Brushless Field Excitation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hsu, J.S.; Burress, T.A.; Lee, S.T.; Wiles, R.H.; Coomer, C.L.; McKeever, J.W.; Adams, D.J.

    2007-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The reluctance interior permanent magnet (RIPM) motor is currently used by many leading auto manufacturers for hybrid vehicles. The power density for this type of motor is high compared with that of induction motors and switched reluctance motors. The primary drawback of the RIPM motor is the permanent magnet (PM) because during high-speed operation, the fixed PM produces a huge back electromotive force (emf) that must be reduced before the current will pass through the stator windings. This reduction in back-emf is accomplished with a significant direct-axis (d-axis) demagnetization current, which opposes the PM's flux to reduce the flux seen by the stator wires. This may lower the power factor and efficiency of the motor and raise the requirement on the alternate current (ac) power supply; consequently, bigger inverter switching components, thicker motor winding conductors, and heavier cables are required. The direct current (dc) link capacitor is also affected when it must accommodate heavier harmonic currents. It is commonly agreed that, for synchronous machines, the power factor can be optimized by varying the field excitation to minimize the current. The field produced by the PM is fixed and cannot be adjusted. What can be adjusted is reactive current to the d-axis of the stator winding, which consumes reactive power but does not always help to improve the power factor. The objective of this project is to avoid the primary drawbacks of the RIPM motor by introducing brushless field excitation (BFE). This offers both high torque per ampere (A) per core length at low speed by using flux, which is enhanced by increasing current to a fixed excitation coil, and flux, which is weakened at high speed by reducing current to the excitation coil. If field weakening is used, the dc/dc boost converter used in a conventional RIPM motor may be eliminated to reduce system costs. However, BFE supports a drive system with a dc/dc boost converter, because it can further extend the constant power speed range of the drive system and adjust the field for power factor and efficiency gains. Lower core losses at low torque regions, especially at high speeds, are attained by reducing the field excitation. Safety and reliability are increased by weakening the field when a winding short-circuit fault occurs, preventing damage to the motor. For a high-speed motor operating at 16,000-revolutions per minute (rpm), mechanical stress is a challenge. Bridges that link the rotor punching segments together must be thickened for mechanical integrity; consequently, increased rotor flux leakage significantly lowers motor performance. This barrier can be overcome by BFE to ensure sufficient rotor flux when needed.

  12. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR u.s. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , north-south temperature gradient occurs in the western Gulf between Sabine Bank and the Gulf of Campeche

  13. Key word:Daylight Factor Window Wall Ratio Pendentive dome Lighting design Tropical region Architecture and Interior design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehrdad Mazloomi

    Abstract: Daylighting design plays important role in architecture of religious buildings such as churches and mosques where pendentive dome construction is frequently used. In daylighting design, many designers face difficulty in estimating the interior share of light which is usually expressed by daylight factor due to complexity of interior form. This study aims to provide designers with a rather high precision rule of thumb for average daylight factor in pendentive dome building. Thus, it investigates the Daylight Factor [DF] distribution of such buildings with reference to the tropics. It takes the Window Wall Ratio [WWR] into account and seeks its influence on daylight factor. By a 12 X 12 points grid, it examines five different ratios including 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5 on DF of the floor beneath the dome. The results endorse the direct relation of WWR and DF. The least WWR equal to 0.1 yields an average DF of 0.55 % while the greatest WWR of 0.5 yields in average DF of 2.56%. The intermediate WWR in steps of 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4 correspond to 1.04, 1.56 and 2.07 percent respectively. As a relatively precise rule of thumb, any increment in consequent steps of WWR with 0.1 intervals results in 0.5 % increase in DF. This can be employed by architects and interior designers for lighting design of pendentive dome buildings in tropical region.

  14. Comparison of predicted and derived measures of volatile organic compounds inside four relocatable classrooms due to identified interior finish sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodgson, Alfred T.; Shendell, Derek G.; Fisk, William J.; Apte, Michael G.

    2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Indoor exposures to toxic and odorous volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are of general concern. Recently, VOCs in portable or relocatable classrooms (RCs) have received particular attention. However, very little was known about indoor environmental quality (IEQ) and the sources, composition, and indoor concentrations of VOCs in RCs. This project task focused on developing and demonstrating a process for selecting interior finish materials for RCs that have relatively low impacts with respect to their emissions of toxic and odorous VOCs. This task was part of a larger project to demonstrate the potential for simultaneous improvements in IEQ and energy efficiency in four new RCs equipped both with a continuously ventilating advanced heating, ventilating, and air conditioning system (HVAC) and a standard HVAC system. These HVACs were operated on alternate weeks. One RC per pair was constructed with standard interior finish materials, and the other included alternate interior materials identified in our prior laboratory study to have low VOC emissions. The RCs were sited in side-by-side pairs at two elementary schools in distinct northern California climate zones. Classroom VOC emission rates (mg hr{sup -1}) and concentrations were predicted based on VOC emission factors ({micro}g m{sup -2} hr{sup -1}) measured for individual materials in the laboratory, the quantities of installed materials and design ventilation rates. Predicted emission rates were compared to values derived from classroom measurements of VOC concentrations and ventilation rates made at pre-occupancy, eight weeks, and 27 weeks. Predicted concentrations were compared to measured integrated VOC indoor minus outdoor concentrations during school hours in the fall cooling season with the advanced HVAC operated. These measured concentrations also were compared between standard and material-modified RCs. Our combined laboratory and field process proved effective by correctly predicting that IEQ impacts of material VOC emissions would be minor when RCs were ventilated at or above code-minimum requirements. Assuming code-minimum ventilation rates are maintained, the benefits attributable to the use of alternate interior finish materials in RC's constructed by the manufacturer associated with this study are small, implying that it is not imperative to use such alternative finishing materials. However, it is essential to avoid materials that can degrade IEQ, and the results of this study demonstrate that laboratory-based material testing combined with modeling and field validation can help to achieve that aim.

  15. Jurassic sequence stratigraphy in Mississippi interior salt basin: an aid to petroleum exploration in eastern Gulf of Mexico area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mancini, E.A.; Mink, R.M.; Tew, B.H.

    1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An understanding of sequence stratigraphy of Jurassic units in onshore basins can serve as an aid to identify potential petroleum reservoir and source rocks in the eastern Gulf of Mexico area. Three depositional sequences associated with cycles of eustatic sea level change and coastal onlap have been identified in the Mississippi Interior Salt basin. Three depositional sequences probably correspond to the J2.4, J3.1, and J3.2 sequences of Vail et al for Callovian through Kimmeridgian strata. In the Mississippi Interior salt basin, the lower depositional sequence is bounded by a basal type 2 unconformity and an upper type 2 unconformity in the Callovian. This sequence includes Louann evaporites (transgressive), Pine Hill anhydrites and shales (condensed section), and Norphlet eolian sandstones (highstand regressive). The middle depositional sequence reflects relative sea level rise in the late Callovian. This sequence includes Norphlet marine sandstones and lower Smackover packstones and mudstones (transgressive), middle Smackover mudstones (condensed section), and upper Smackover grainstones and anhydrites (highstand regressive).

  16. Resource Assessment of the In-Place and Potentially Recoverable Deep Natural Gas Resource of the Onshore Interior Salt Basins, North Central and Northeastern Gulf of Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernest A. Mancini; Paul Aharon; Donald A. Goddard; Roger Barnaby

    2005-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The principal research effort for Year 2 of the project has been petroleum system characterization and modeling. Understanding the burial, thermal maturation, and hydrocarbon expulsion histories of the strata in the onshore interior salt basins of the North Central and Northeastern Gulf of Mexico areas is important in hydrocarbon resource assessment. The underburden and overburden rocks in these basins and subbasins are a product of their rift-related geohistory. Petroleum source rock analysis and initial thermal maturation and hydrocarbon expulsion modeling indicated that an effective regional petroleum source rock in the onshore interior salt basins and subbasins, the North Louisiana Salt Basin, Mississippi Interior Salt Basin, Manila Subbasin and Conecuh Subbasin, was Upper Jurassic Smackover lime mudstone. The initial modeling also indicated that hydrocarbon generation and expulsion were initiated in the Early Cretaceous and continued into the Tertiary in the North Louisiana Salt Basin and the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin and that hydrocarbon generation and expulsion were initiated in the Late Cretaceous and continued into the Tertiary in the Manila Subbasin and Conecuh Subbasin. Refined thermal maturation and hydrocarbon expulsion modeling and additional petroleum source rock analysis have confirmed that the major source rock in the onshore interior salt basins and subbasins is Upper Jurassic Smackover lime mudstone. Hydrocarbon generation and expulsion were initiated in the Early to Late Cretaceous and continued into the Tertiary.

  17. Resource Assessment of the In-Place and Potentially Recoverable Deep Natural Gas Resource of the Onshore Interior Salt Basins, North Central and Northeastern Gulf of Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernest A. Mancini; Donald A. Goddard

    2005-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The principal research effort for the first six months of Year 2 of the project has been petroleum system characterization. Understanding the burial and thermal maturation histories of the strata in the onshore interior salt basins of the North Central and Northeastern Gulf of Mexico areas is important in petroleum system characterization. The underburden and overburden rocks in these basins and subbasins are a product of their rift-related geohistory. Petroleum source rock analysis and thermal maturation and hydrocarbon expulsion modeling indicate that an effective regional petroleum source rock in the onshore interior salt basins, the North Louisiana Salt Basin, Mississippi Interior Salt Basin, Manila Subbasin and Conecuh Subbasin, was the Upper Jurassic Smackover lime mudstone. The Upper Cretaceous Tuscaloosa shale was an effective local petroleum source rock in the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin and a possible local source bed in the North Louisiana Salt Basin. Hydrocarbon generation and expulsion was initiated in the Early Cretaceous and continued into the Tertiary in the North Louisiana Salt Basin and the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin. Hydrocarbon generation and expulsion was initiated in the Late Cretaceous and continued into the Tertiary in the Manila Subbasin and Conecuh Subbasin. Reservoir rocks include Jurassic, Cretaceous and Tertiary siliciclastic and carbonate strata. Seal rocks include Jurassic, Cretaceous and Tertiary anhydrite and shale beds. Petroleum traps include structural and combination traps.

  18. Genetic and Phenotypic Catalog of Native Resident Trout of the interior Columbia River Basin : FY-2001 Report : Populations in the Wenatchee, Entiat, Lake Chelan and Methow River Drainages.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trotter, Patrick C.

    2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 1994 Fish and Wildlife Program of the Northwest Power Planning Council specifies the recovery and preservation of population health of native resident fishes of the Columbia River Basin. Among the native resident species of concern are interior rainbow trout of the Columbia River redband subspecies Oncorhynchus mykiss gairdneri 1 and westslope cutthroat trout O. clarki lewisi. The westslope cutthroat trout has been petitioned for listing under the U. S. Endangered Species Act (American Wildlands et al. 1997). Before at-risk populations can be protected, their presence and status must be established. Where introgression from introduced species is a concern, as in the case of both westslope cutthroat trout and redband rainbow trout, genetic issues must be addressed as well. As is true with native trout elsewhere in the western United States (Behnke 1992), most of the remaining pure populations of these species in the Columbia River Basin are in relatively remote headwater reaches. The objective of this project was to photo-document upper Columbia Basin native resident trout populations in Washington, and to ascertain their species or subspecies identity and relative genetic purity using a nonlethal DNA technique. FY-2001 was year three (and final year) of a project in which we conducted field visits to remote locations to seek out and catalog these populations. In FY-2001 we worked in collaboration with the Wenatchee National Forest to catalog populations in the Wenatchee, Entiat, Lake Chelan, and Methow River drainages of Washington State.

  19. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    systems, storing precipitation from the cool season, when most precipita- tion falls and forms snowpacks percent of water supplies in the western United States are derived from snowmelt. Thus, water are at their greatest. During the cool season, water demands are low and, in West Coast states, the potential is high

  20. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 154 (2006) 290298 TRM in low magnetic fields: a minimum field that can be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kletetschka, Gunther

    , University of Helsinki, Finland g Bartol Research Institute, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA, or thermal demagnetization of TRM. Extraterrestrial magnetic fields in our solar system are weaker than Interiors 154 (2006) 290­298 291 energy must play an important role in TRM acquisition in all these grain

  1. Research Results from A Few Alternate Methods of Interior Duct Systems in Factory Built Housing Located In the Hot Humid Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moyer, N.; Stroer, D.; Hoak, D.; McIlvaine, J.; Chandra, S.

    interior duct systems. In 2006, work began on a duct system design that would locate the entire length of duct work within the air and thermal barriers of the envelope. One of these designs incorporated a high-side supply register that connects...

  2. Biogeochemical Evolution of the Western Interior Basin of North America during a Kasimovian Highstand and Regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Sikhar

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study is to identify and analyze the geochemical facies of the Hushpuckney Shale using XRF scanning data and the bioturbation indices, which will contribute to a better understanding of the biogeochemical environment prevalent...

  3. Biogeochemical Evolution of the Western Interior Basin of North America during a Kasimovian Highstand and Regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Sikhar

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Co-Chairs of Committee, Anne Raymond Mike Tice Committee Members, Ethan Grossman Vaughn Bryant Head... University, Pune; M.S., Indian Institute of Technology-Bombay Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. Anne Raymond Dr. Mike Tice The purpose of this study is to identify and analyze the geochemical facies of the Hushpuckney Shale using XRF...

  4. Cretaceous shallow drilling, US Western Interior: Core research. Technical progress report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arthur, M.A.

    1993-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This project is a continuing multidisciplinary study of middle to Upper Cretaceous marine carbonate and clastic rocks in the Utah-Colorado-Kansas corridor of the old Cretaceous seaway that extended from the Gulf Coast to the Arctic during maximum Cretaceous transgressions. It is collaborative between in the US Geological Survey (W.E. Dean, P.I.) and University researchers led by The Pennsylvania State University(M.A. Arthur, P.I.) and funded by DOE and the USGS, in part. Research focusses on the Greenhom, Niobrara and lower Pierre Shale units and their equivalents, combining biostratigraphic/paleoecologic studies, inorganic, organic and stable isotopic geochemical studies, mineralogical investigations and high-resolution geophysical logging. This research requires unweathered samples and continuous smooth ``exposures`` in the form of cores from at least 4 relatively shallow reference holes (i.e. < 1000m) in transect from east to west across the basin. The major initial effort was recovery in Year 1 of the project of continuous cores from each site in the transect. This drilling provided samples and logs of strata ranging from pelagic sequences that contain organic-carbon-rich marine source rocks to nearshore coal-bearing units. This transect also will provide information on the extent of thermal maturation and migration of hydrocarbons in organic-carbon-rich strata along a burial gradient.

  5. ENERGY CONSERVATION AND GRAVITY WAVES IN SOUND-PROOF TREATMENTS OF STELLAR INTERIORS. II. LAGRANGIAN CONSTRAINED ANALYSIS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vasil, Geoffrey M.; Lecoanet, Daniel [Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Astrophysics Center, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Brown, Benjamin P.; Zweibel, Ellen G. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706-1582 (United States); Wood, Toby S., E-mail: vasil@cita.utoronto.ca [Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Baskin School of Engineering, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)

    2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The speed of sound greatly exceeds typical flow velocities in many stellar and planetary interiors. To follow the slow evolution of subsonic motions, various sound-proof models attempt to remove fast acoustic waves while retaining stratified convection and buoyancy dynamics. In astrophysics, anelastic models typically receive the most attention in the class of sound-filtered stratified models. Generally, anelastic models remain valid in nearly adiabatically stratified regions like stellar convection zones, but may break down in strongly sub-adiabatic, stably stratified layers common in stellar radiative zones. However, studying stellar rotation, circulation, and dynamos requires understanding the complex coupling between convection and radiative zones, and this requires robust equations valid in both regimes. Here we extend the analysis of equation sets begun in Brown et al., which studied anelastic models, to two types of pseudo-incompressible models. This class of models has received attention in atmospheric applications, and more recently in studies of white-dwarf supernova progenitors. We demonstrate that one model conserves energy but the other does not. We use Lagrangian variational methods to extend the energy conserving model to a general equation of state, and dub the resulting equation set the generalized pseudo-incompressible (GPI) model. We show that the GPI equations suitably capture low-frequency phenomena in both convection and radiative zones in stars and other stratified systems, and we provide recommendations for converting low-Mach number codes to this equation set.

  6. Impact of Solar Control PVB Glass on Vehicle Interior Temperatures, Air-Conditioning Capacity, Fuel Consumption, and Vehicle Range

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rugh, J.; Chaney, L.; Venson, T.; Ramroth, L.; Rose, M.

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the study was to assess the impact of Saflex1 S-series Solar Control PVB (polyvinyl butyral) configurations on conventional vehicle fuel economy and electric vehicle (EV) range. The approach included outdoor vehicle thermal soak testing, RadTherm cool-down analysis, and vehicle simulations. Thermal soak tests were conducted at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Vehicle Testing and Integration Facility in Golden, Colorado. The test results quantified interior temperature reductions and were used to generate initial conditions for the RadTherm cool-down analysis. The RadTherm model determined the potential reduction in air-conditioning (A/C) capacity, which was used to calculate the A/C load for the vehicle simulations. The vehicle simulation tool identified the potential reduction in fuel consumption or improvement in EV range between a baseline and modified configurations for the city and highway drive cycles. The thermal analysis determined a potential 4.0% reduction in A/C power for the Saflex Solar PVB solar control configuration. The reduction in A/C power improved the vehicle range of EVs and fuel economy of conventional vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.

  7. Basin Analysis and Petroleum System Characterization and Modeling, Interior Salt Basins, Central and Eastern Gulf of Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernest A. Mancini; Paul Aharon; Donald A. Goddard; Roger Barnaby

    2006-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The principal research effort for Year 3 of the project is basin modeling and petroleum system identification, comparative basin evaluation and resource assessment. In the first six (6) months of Year 3, the research focus is on basin modeling and petroleum system identification and the remainder of the year the emphasis is on the comparative basin evaluation and resource assessment. No major problems have been encountered to date, and the project is on schedule. The principal objectives of the project are to develop through basin analysis and modeling the concept that petroleum systems acting in a basin can be identified through basin modeling and to demonstrate that the information and analysis resulting from characterizing and modeling of these petroleum systems in the North Louisiana Salt Basin and the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin can be used in providing a more reliable and advanced approach for targeting stratigraphic traps and specific reservoir facies within a geologic system and in providing a refined assessment of undiscovered and underdeveloped reservoirs and associated oil and gas resources.

  8. BASIN ANALYSIS AND PETROLEUM SYSTEM CHARACTERIZATION AND MODELING, INTERIOR SALT BASINS, CENTRAL AND EASTERN GULF OF MEXICO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernest A. Mancini

    2004-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The principal research effort for Year 1 of the project is data compilation and the determination of the tectonic and depositional histories of the North Louisiana Salt Basin. In the first three (3) to six (6) months of Year 1, the research focus is on data compilation and the remainder of the year the emphasis is on the tectonic and depositional histories of the basin. No major problems have been encountered to date, and the project is on schedule. The principal objectives of the project are to develop through basin analysis and modeling the concept that petroleum systems acting in a basin can be identified through basin modeling and to demonstrate that the information and analysis resulting from characterizing and modeling of these petroleum systems in the North Louisiana Salt Basin and the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin can be used in providing a more reliable and advanced approach for targeting stratigraphic traps and specific reservoir facies within a geologic system and in providing a refined assessment of undiscovered and underdeveloped reservoirs and associated oil and gas resources.

  9. Resource Assessment of the In-Place and Potentially Recoverable Deep Natural Gas Resource of the Onshore Interior Salt Basins, North Central and Northeastern Gulf of Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernest A. Mancini; Donald A. Goddard

    2004-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The objectives of the study are: to perform resource assessment of the in-place deep (>15,000 ft) natural gas resource of the onshore interior salt basins of the North Central and Northeastern Gulf of Mexico areas through petroleum system identification, characterization and modeling and to use the petroleum system based resource assessment to estimate the volume of the in-place deep gas resource that is potentially recoverable and to identify those areas in the interior salt basins with high potential to recover commercial quantities of the deep gas resource. The principal research effort for Year 1 of the project is data compilation and petroleum system identification. The research focus for the first nine (9) months of Year 1 is on data compilation and for the remainder of the year the emphasis is on petroleum system identification.

  10. Basin Analysis and Petroleum System Characterization and Modeling, Interior Salt Basins, Central and Eastern Gulf of Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernest A. Mancini; Paul Aharon; Donald A. Goddard; Roger Barnaby

    2006-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The principal research effort for Phase 1 (Concept Development) of the project has been data compilation; determination of the tectonic, depositional, burial, and thermal maturation histories of the North Louisiana Salt Basin; basin modeling (geohistory, thermal maturation, hydrocarbon expulsion); petroleum system identification; comparative basin evaluation; and resource assessment. Existing information on the North Louisiana Salt Basin has been evaluated, an electronic database has been developed, and regional cross sections have been prepared. Structure, isopach and formation lithology maps have been constructed, and burial history, thermal maturation history, and hydrocarbon expulsion profiles have been prepared. Seismic data, cross sections, subsurface maps and burial history, thermal maturation history, and hydrocarbon expulsion profiles have been used in evaluating the tectonic, depositional, burial and thermal maturation histories of the basin. Oil and gas reservoirs have been found to be associated with salt-supported anticlinal and domal features (salt pillows, turtle structures and piercement domes); with normal faulting associated with the northern basin margin and listric down-to-the-basin faults (state-line fault complex) and faulted salt features; and with combination structural and stratigraphic features (Sabine and Monroe Uplifts) and monoclinal features with lithologic variations. Petroleum reservoirs include Upper Jurassic and Cretaceous fluvial-deltaic sandstone facies; shoreline, marine bar and shallow shelf sandstone facies; and carbonate shoal, shelf and reef facies. Cretaceous unconformities significantly contribute to the hydrocarbon trapping mechanism capacity in the North Louisiana Salt Basin. The chief petroleum source rock in this basin is Upper Jurassic Smackover lime mudstone beds. The generation of hydrocarbons from Smackover lime mudstone was initiated during the Early Cretaceous and continued into the Tertiary. Hydrocarbon expulsion commenced during the Early Cretaceous and continued into the Tertiary with peak expulsion occurring during the Early to Late Cretaceous. The geohistory of the North Louisiana Salt Basin is comparable to the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin with the major difference being the elevated heat flow the strata in the North Louisiana Salt Basin experienced in the Cretaceous due primarily to reactivation of upward movement, igneous activity, and erosion associated with the Monroe and Sabine Uplifts. Potential undiscovered reservoirs in the North Louisiana Salt Basin are Triassic Eagle Mills sandstone and deeply buried Upper Jurassic sandstone and limestone. Potential underdeveloped reservoirs include Lower Cretaceous sandstone and limestone and Upper Cretaceous sandstone.

  11. Twig and foliar biomass estimation equations for major plant species in the Tanana River basin of interior Alaska. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yarie, J.; Mead, B.R.

    1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Equations are presented for estimating the twig, foliage, and combined biomass for 58 plant species in interior Alaska. The equations can be used for estimating biomass from percentage of the foliar cover of 10-centimeter layers in a vertical profile from 0 to 6 meters. Few differences were found in regressions of the same species between layers except when the ratio of foliar-to-twig biomass changed drastically between layers, for example, Rosa acicularis Lindl. Eighteen species were tested for regression differences between years. Thirteen showed no significant differences, five were different. Of these five, three were feather mosses for which live and dead biomass are easily confused when measured.

  12. Resource Assessment of the In-Place and Potentially Recoverable Deep Natural Gas Resource of the Onshore Interior Salt Basins, North Central and Northeastern Gulf of Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernest A. Mancini; Paul Aharon; Donald A. Goddard; Roger Barnaby

    2006-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The principal research effort for the first half of Year 3 of the project has been resource assessment. Emphasis has been on estimating the total volume of hydrocarbons generated and the potential amount of this resource that is classified as deep (>15,000 ft) gas in the North Louisiana Salt Basin, the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin, the Manila Subbasin and the Conecuh Subbasin. The amount of this resource that has been expelled, migrated and entrapped is also the focus of the first half of Year 3 of this study.

  13. RESOURCE ASSESSMENT OF THE IN-PLACE AND POTENTIALLY RECOVERABLE DEEP NATURAL GAS RESOURCE OF THE ONSHORE INTERIOR SALT BASINS, NORTH CENTRAL AND NORTHEASTERN GULF OF MEXICO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernest A. Mancini

    2004-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The University of Alabama and Louisiana State University have undertaken a cooperative 3-year, advanced subsurface methodology resource assessment project, involving petroleum system identification, characterization and modeling, to facilitate exploration for a potential major source of natural gas that is deeply buried (below 15,000 feet) in the onshore interior salt basins of the North Central and Northeastern Gulf of Mexico areas. The project is designed to assist in the formulation of advanced exploration strategies for funding and maximizing the recovery from deep natural gas domestic resources at reduced costs and risks and with minimum impact. The results of the project should serve to enhance exploration efforts by domestic companies in their search for new petroleum resources, especially those deeply buried (below 15,000 feet) natural gas resources, and should support the domestic industry's endeavor to provide an increase in reliable and affordable supplies of fossil fuels. The principal research effort for Year 1 of the project is data compilation and petroleum system identification. The research focus for the first nine (9) months of Year 1 is on data compilation and for the remainder of the year the emphasis is on petroleum system identification. The objectives of the study are: to perform resource assessment of the in-place deep (>15,000 ft) natural gas resource of the onshore interior salt basins of the North Central and Northeastern Gulf of Mexico areas through petroleum system identification, characterization and modeling and to use the petroleum system based resource assessment to estimate the volume of the in-place deep gas resource that is potentially recoverable and to identify those areas in the interior salt basins with high potential to recover commercial quantities of the deep gas resource. The project objectives will be achieved through a 3-year effort. First, emphasis is on petroleum system identification and characterization in the North Louisiana Salt Basin, the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin, the Manila Sub-basin and the Conecuh Sub-basin of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Florida panhandle. This task includes identification of the petroleum systems in these basins and the characterization of the overburden, source, reservoir and seal rocks of the petroleum systems and of the associated petroleum traps. Second, emphasis is on petroleum system modeling. This task includes the assessment of the timing of deep (>15,000 ft) gas generation, expulsion, migration, entrapment and alteration (thermal cracking of oil to gas). Third, emphasis is on resource assessment. This task includes the volumetric calculation of the total in-place hydrocarbon resource generated, the determination of the volume of the generated hydrocarbon resource that is classified as deep (>15,000 ft) gas, the estimation of the volume of deep gas that was expelled, migrated and entrapped, and the calculation of the potential volume of gas in deeply buried (>15,000 ft) reservoirs resulting from the process of thermal cracking of liquid hydrocarbons and their transformation to gas in the reservoir. Fourth, emphasis is on identifying those areas in the onshore interior salt basins with high potential to recover commercial quantities of the deep gas resource.

  14. Genetic and Phenotype [Phenotypic] Catalog of Native Resident Trout of the interior Columbia River Basin : FY-99 Report : Populations of the Pend Oreille, Kettle, and Sanpoil River Basins of Colville National Forest.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trotter, Patrick C.

    2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 1994 Fish and Wildlife Program of the Northwest Power Planning Council specifies the recovery and preservation of population health of native resident fishes of the Columbia River Basin. Among the native resident species of concern are interior rainbow trout of the Columbia River redband subspecies Oncorhynchus mykiss gairdneri 1 and westslope cutthroat trout O. clarki lewisi. The westslope cutthroat trout has been petitioned for listing under the U. S. Endangered Species Act (American Wildlands et al. 1997). Before at-risk populations can be protected, their presence and status must be established. Where introgression from introduced species is a concern, as in the case of both westslope cutthroat trout and redband rainbow trout, genetic issues must be addressed as well. As is true with native trout elsewhere in the western United States (Behnke 1992), most of the remaining pure populations of these species in the Columbia River Basin are in relatively remote headwater reaches. The objective of this project is to photo-document upper Columbia Basin native resident trout populations in Washington, and to ascertain their species or subspecies identity and relative genetic purity using a nonlethal DNA technique. FY-99 was year two of a five-year project in which we conducted field visits to remote locations to seek out and catalog these populations. In FY-99 we worked in collaboration with the Colville National Forest and Kalispel Indian Tribe to catalog populations in the northeastern corner of Washington State.

  15. Probing the interiors of the ice giants: Shock compression of water to 700 GPa and 3.8 g/ccm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knudson, M D; Lemke, R W; Mattsson, T R; French, M; Nettelmann, N; Redmer, R

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently there has been tremendous increase in the number of identified extra-solar planetary systems. Our understanding of their formation is tied to exoplanet internal structure models, which rely upon equations of state of light elements and compounds like water. Here we present shock compression data for water with unprecedented accuracy that shows water equations of state commonly used in planetary modeling significantly overestimate the compressibility at conditions relevant to planetary interiors. Furthermore, we show its behavior at these conditions, including reflectivity and isentropic response, is well described by a recent first-principles based equation of state. These findings advocate this water model be used as the standard for modeling Neptune, Uranus, and "hot Neptune" exoplanets, and should improve our understanding of these types of planets.

  16. Probing the Interiors of the Ice Giants: Shock Compression of Water to 700 GPa and 3.8 g/cm

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Knudson, M. D.; Desjarlais, M. P.; Lemke, R. W.; Mattsson, T. R.; French, M.; Nettelmann, N.; Redmer, R.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, there has been a tremendous increase in the number of identified extrasolar planetary systems. Our understanding of their formation is tied to exoplanet internal structure models, which rely upon equations of state of light elements and compounds such as water. Here, we present shock compression data for water with unprecedented accuracy that show that water equations of state commonly used in planetary modeling significantly overestimate the compressibility at conditions relevant to planetary interiors. Furthermore, we show that its behavior at these conditions, including reflectivity and isentropic response, is well-described by a recent first-principles based equation of state. These findingsmoreadvocate that this water model be used as the standard for modeling Neptune, Uranus, and hot Neptune exoplanets and should improve our understanding of these types of planets.less

  17. Probing the Interiors of the Ice Giants: Shock Compression of Water to 700 GPa and 3.8 g/cm

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Knudson, M. D.; Desjarlais, M. P.; Lemke, R. W.; Mattsson, T. R.; French, M.; Nettelmann, N.; Redmer, R.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, there has been a tremendous increase in the number of identified extrasolar planetary systems. Our understanding of their formation is tied to exoplanet internal structure models, which rely upon equations of state of light elements and compounds such as water. Here, we present shock compression data for water with unprecedented accuracy that show that water equations of state commonly used in planetary modeling significantly overestimate the compressibility at conditions relevant to planetary interiors. Furthermore, we show that its behavior at these conditions, including reflectivity and isentropic response, is well-described by a recent first-principles based equation of state. These findings advocate that this water model be used as the standard for modeling Neptune, Uranus, and hot Neptune exoplanets and should improve our understanding of these types of planets.

  18. Resource Assessment of the In-Place and Potentially Recoverable Deep Natural Gas Resource of the Onshore Interior Salt Basins, North Central and Northeastern Gulf of Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernest A. Mancini

    2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The objectives of the study were: (1) to perform resource assessment of the thermogenic gas resources in deeply buried (>15,000 ft) natural gas reservoirs of the onshore interior salt basins of the north central and northeastern Gulf of Mexico areas through petroleum system identification, characterization and modeling; and (2) to use the petroleum system based resource assessment to estimate the volume of the deep thermogenic gas resource that is available for potential recovery and to identify those areas in the interior salt basins with high potential for this thermogenic gas resource. Petroleum source rock analysis and petroleum system characterization and modeling, including thermal maturation and hydrocarbon expulsion modeling, have shown that the Upper Jurassic Smackover Formation served as the regional petroleum source rock in the North Louisiana Salt Basin, Mississippi Interior Salt Basin, Manila Subbasin and Conecuh Subbasin. Thus, the estimates of the total hydrocarbons, oil, and gas generated and expelled are based on the assumption that the Smackover Formation is the main petroleum source rock in these basins and subbasins. The estimate of the total hydrocarbons generated for the North Louisiana Salt Basin in this study using a petroleum system approach compares favorably with the total volume of hydrocarbons generated published by Zimmermann (1999). In this study, the estimate is 2,870 billion barrels of total hydrocarbons generated using the method of Schmoker (1994), and the estimate is 2,640 billion barrels of total hydrocarbons generated using the Platte River software application. The estimate of Zimmermann (1999) is 2,000 to 2,500 billion barrels of total hydrocarbons generated. The estimate of gas generated for this basin is 6,400 TCF using the Platte River software application, and 12,800 TCF using the method of Schmoker (1994). Barnaby (2006) estimated that the total gas volume generated for this basin ranges from 4,000 to 8,000 TCF. Seventy-five percent of the gas is estimated to be from late cracking of oil in the source rock. Lewan (2002) concluded that much of the thermogenic gas produced in this basin is the result of cracking of oil to gas in deeply buried reservoirs. The efficiency of expulsion, migration and trapping has been estimated to range from 0.5 to 10 percent for certain basins (Schmoker, 1994: Zimmerman, 1999). The estimate of the total hydrocarbons generated for the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin is 910 billion barrels using the method of Schmoker (1994), and the estimate of the total hydrocarbons generated is 1,540 billion barrels using the Platte River software application. The estimate of gas generated for this basin is 3,130 TCF using the Platte River software application, and 4,050 TCF using the method of Schmoker (1994). Seventy-five percent of the gas is estimated to be from late cracking of oil in the source rock. Claypool and Mancini (1989) report that the conversion of oil to gas in reservoirs is a significant source of thermogenic gas in this basin. The Manila and Conecuh Subbasins are oil-prone. Although these subbasins are thermally mature for oil generation and expulsion, they are not thermally mature for secondary, non-associated gas generation and expulsion. The gas produced from the highly productive gas condensate fields (Big Escambia Creek and Flomaton fields) in these subbasins has been interpreted to be, in part, a product of the cracking of oil to gas and thermochemical reduction of evaporite sulfate in the reservoirs (Claypool and Mancini, 1989). The areas in the North Louisiana and Mississippi Interior Salt Basins with high potential for deeply buried gas reservoirs (>15,000 ft) have been identified. In the North Louisiana Salt Basin, these potential reservoirs include Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous facies, especially the Smackover, Cotton Valley, Hosston, and Sligo units. The estimate of the secondary, non-associated gas generated from cracking of oil in the source rock from depths below 12,000 feet in this basin is 4,800 TCF. Assuming an expul

  19. Molecular fossil constraints on the water column structure of the CenomanianTuronian Western Interior Seaway, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenig, Fabien

    . RockEval and biomarker analyses indicate an eastwest thermal maturity trend due to progressive deeper site the source of extractable organic matter is dominantly marine with minor terrestrial contribution

  20. Sharks That Pass In The Night: Using GIS to Investigate Competition in the Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Corinne E.; Lieberman, Bruce S.

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    250m higher than today; the Niobrara Cycle (late Coniacian early Campanian); and the 89 Claggett/Bearpaw Cycle (Campanian Maastrichtian) (Hattin 1982, Kauffman 1984, Kauffman 90 and Caldwell 1993). 91 Page 4 of 40 http...-BI, 116 University of Kansas); Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM, Yale University); Texas 117 Memorial Museum (TMM, University of Texas Austin); Sternberg Museum of Natural History 118 (FHSM, Fort Hays State University); University of Colorado...

  1. Basin Analysis of Mississippi Interior Salt Basin and Petroleum System Modeling of the Jurassic Smackover Formation, Eastern Gulf Coastal Plain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernest Mancini

    2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Part 3 (Petroleum System Modeling of the Jurassic Smackover Formation) objectives are to provide an analysis of the Smackover petroleum system in Years 4 and 5 of the project and to transfer effectively the research results to producers through workshops and topical reports. Work Accomplished (Year 5): Task 1 - Basin Flow - Basin flow modeling has been completed and the topical report has been submitted to the U.S. DOE for review. Task 2 - Petroleum Source Rocks - Work on the characterization of Smackover petroleum source rocks has been integrated into the basin flow model. The information on the source rocks is being prepared for inclusion in the final report. Task 3 - Petroleum Reservoirs - Work on the characterization of Smackover petroleum reservoirs continues. The cores to be described have been identified and many of the cores for the eastern and western parts of the basin have been described. Task 4 - Reservoir Diagenesis - Work on reservoir diagenesis continues. Samples from the cores selected for the reservoir characterization are being used for this task. Task 5 - Underdeveloped Reservoirs - Two underdeveloped Smackover reservoirs have been identified. They are the microbial reef and shoal reservoirs. Work Planned (Year 5): Task 1 - Basin Flow - This task has been completed and the topical report has been submitted to the U.S. DOE. Task 2 - Petroleum Source Rocks - Petroleum source rock information will continue to be prepared for the final report. Task 3 - Petroleum Reservoirs - Characterization of petroleum reservoirs will continue through core studies. Task 4 - Reservoir Diagenesis - Characterization of reservoir diagenesis will continue through petrographic analysis. Task 5 - Underdeveloped Reservoirs - Study of Smackover underdeveloped reservoirs will continue with focus on the microbial reef and shoal reservoirs.

  2. Basin Analysis of the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin and Petroleum System Modeling of the Jurassic Smackover Formation, Eastern Gulf Coastal Plain, Final Report and Topical Reports 5-8 on Smackover Petroleum system and Underdevelopment Reservoirs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mancini, Ernest A.; Puckett, T. Markham; Parcell, William C.; Llinas, Juan Carlos; Kopaska-Merkel, David C.; Townsend, Roger N.

    2002-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The Smackover Formation, a major hydrocarbon-producing horizon in the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin (MISB), conformably overlies the Norphlet Formation and is conformably overlain by the Buckner Anhydrite Member of the Haynesville Formation. The Norphlet-Smackover contact can be either gradational or abrupt. The thickness and lithofacies distribution of the Smackover Formation were controlled by the configuration of incipient paleotopography. The Smackover Formation has been subdivided into three informal members, referred to as the lower, middle and upper members.

  3. Specific corrosion product on interior surface of a bronze wine vessel with loop-handle and its growth mechanism, Shang Dynasty, China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li Yang; Bao Zhirong; Wu Taotao [School of Physics and Technology, Center for Electron Microscopy and MOE Key Laboratory of Artificial Micro- and Nano-structures, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China); Jiang, Junchun [Xiaogan Museum, Xiaogan 432000 (China); Chen Guantao [Center for Archaeometry, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China); Pan Chunxu, E-mail: cxpan@whu.edu.cn [School of Physics and Technology, Center for Electron Microscopy and MOE Key Laboratory of Artificial Micro- and Nano-structures, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China); Center for Archaeometry, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China)

    2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, a kind of specific stalactitic product was found on the interior surface of a covered bronze wine vessel with loop-handle (Chinese name is you), which was fabricated in Shang Dynasty (1700 B.C.-1100 B.C.) and now is collected in Xiaogan Museum, Hubei province of China. The microstructures of the product were characterized systematically by using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope, X-ray diffraction, and Raman microscopy. The experimental results revealed that the product belonged to a kind of malachite with high purity and high crystallinity. The growth of the product was considered to be a possible reason that the vessel was overly airtight within a museum display cabinet besides a lid of the vessel, which made the excess of H{sub 2}O and CO{sub 2} gas concentrations inside the vessel during long-term storage. This corrosion product is very harmful to bronze cultural relics, because of a large amount of copper consumption from the matrix which will reduce its life. The growth mechanism of the specific stalactitic product and the suggestions for preservation of the similar bronze relics in museum were proposed. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The stalactitic product was the high purity and good crystallinity malachite. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Its growth was related to the excess of H{sub 2}O and CO{sub 2} gas concentrations in museum. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer It is harmful to the bronzes, because copper will be consumed from the matrix. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The suggestions for preservation of the similar bronzes in museum were proposed.

  4. Black Hole Interior Mass Formula

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parthapratim Pradhan

    2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We argue by explicit computations that, although the area product, horizon radii product, entropy product and \\emph {irreducible mass product} of the event horizon and Cauchy horizon are universal, the \\emph{surface gravity product}, \\emph{surface temperature product} and \\emph{Komar energy product} of the said horizons do not seem to be universal for Kerr-Newman (KN) black hole space-time. We show the black hole mass formula on the \\emph{Cauchy horizon} following the seminal work by Smarr\\cite{smarr} for the outer horizon. We also prescribed the \\emph{four} laws of black hole mechanics for the \\emph{inner horizon}. New definition of the extremal limit of a black hole is discussed.

  5. Prevention of Reservoir Interior Discoloration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arnold, K.F.

    2001-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Contamination is anathema in reservoir production. Some of the contamination is a result of welding and some appears after welding but existed before. Oxygen was documented to be a major contributor to discoloration in welding. This study demonstrates that it can be controlled and that some of the informal cleaning processes contribute to contamination.

  6. Interior Foundation Insulation Upgrade - Madison

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment of EnergyIndustry15Among States in theWAPA1Interim2015Madison

  7. Resistance of fast-and slow-growing subalpine fir to pheromone-induced attack by western balsam bark beetle (Coleoptera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindgren, Staffan

    Resistance of fast- and slow-growing subalpine fir to pheromone- induced attack by western balsam the resistance of fast- and slow-growing subalpine fir to pheromone-induced attack by western balsam bark beetle at two sites in the interior of British Columbia, Canada. 2 Attack success by the beetle and subsequent

  8. Please cite this article in press as: Vocadlo, L., et al., The stability of bcc-Fe at high pressures and temperatures with respect to tetragonal strain. Phys. Earth Planet. Interiors (2008), doi:10.1016/j.pepi.2008.07.032

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vocadlo, Lidunka

    pressures and temperatures with respect to tetragonal strain. Phys. Earth Planet. Interiors (2008), doi:10.1016/j.pepi.2008.07.032 ARTICLE IN PRESSG Model PEPI-5018; No.of Pages8 Physics of the Earth, therefore, we present the results of high precision ab initio free energy calculations at core pressures

  9. Paleobiogeography of the North American Late Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway: the impact of abiotic vs. biotic factors on macroevolutionary patterns of marine vertebrates and invertebrates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Corinne E.

    2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    database that will provide excellent research opportunities to many scientists and students for years to come! I have had the pleasure of working with the best field crew that a WIS ammonite girl could ask for. MUCH thanks to Neil Landman, Matt Garb, Remy... ....................................................................................................................... 23 Identifying Competition ..................................................................................................................... 25 Analysis of Bias...

  10. Basin Analysis of the Mississippi Interior Salt Baisn and Petroleum System Modeling of the Jurassic smackover Formation, Eastern Gulf Costal Plain: Quarterly progress report, January 1, 1997-March 31, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mancini, E.A.

    1997-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Part I (Inventory of Existing Data and Information Sources) objectives are to provide improved access to information available in the public domain by inventorying data files and records of the major information repositories in the Eastern Gulf Coastal Plain and making these inventories easily accessible in electronic format. The producers in the region maintain that the accessibility of oil and gas information is the single-most important factor to assist them in finding new hydrocarbon discoveries and in improving production from established fields. The principal investigator continues to discuss the project with geologists for Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida. A subcontract has been executed between the University of Alabama and the Geological Survey of Alabama. A subcontract agreement is under review by the Mississippi Office of Geology. The principal investigator continues to discuss the project with a number of faculty members from departments of geology in the region. A listing of theses and dissertations from the University of Alabama, Auburn University, Mississippi State University, University of Mississippi, University of Southern Mississippi, University of Southwestern Louisiana, and Louisiana State University related to the petroleum geology of the Mississippi Interior Salt Basin has been compiled. This list is accessible electronically through the Home Page of the Eastern Gulf Region of the Pertroleum Technology Transfer Council (EGRPTTC) (http://egrpttc.geo.ua.edu).

  11. Geoantineutrino Spectrum, 3He/4He-ratio Distribution in the Earth's Interior and Slow Nuclear Burning on the Boundary of the Liquid and Solid Phases of the Earth's Core

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. D. Rusov; V. N. Pavlovich; V. N. Vaschenko; V. A. Tarasov; T. N. Zelentsova; V. N. Bolshakov; D. A. Litvinov; S. I. Kosenko; O. A. Byegunova

    2006-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The description problem of geoantineutrino spectrum and reactor antineutrino experimental spectrum in KamLAND, which takes place for antineutrino energy \\~2.8 MeV, and also the experimental results of the interaction of uranium dioxide and carbide with iron-nickel and silicaalumina melts at high pressure (5-10 GP?) and temperature (1600-2200C) have motivated us to consider the possible consequences of the assumption made by V.Anisichkin and coauthors that there is an actinid shell on boundary of liquid and solid phases of the Earth's core. We have shown that the activation of a natural nuclear reactor operating as the solitary waves of nuclear burning in 238U- and/or 232Th-medium (in particular, the neutron- fission progressive wave of Feoktistov and/or Teller-Ishikawa-Wood) can be such a physical consequence. The simplified model of the kinetics of accumulation and burnup in U-Pu fuel cycle of Feoktistov is developed. The results of the numerical simulation of neutron-fission wave in two-phase UO2/Fe medium on a surface of the Earth's solid core are presented. The georeactor model of 3He origin and the 3He/4He-ratio distribution in the Earth's interior is offered. It is shown that the 3He/4He ratio distribution can be the natural quantitative criterion of georeactor thermal power. On the basis of O'Nions-Evensen-Hamilton geochemical model of mantle differentiation and the crust growth supplied by actinid shell on the boundary of liquid and solid phases of the Earth's core as a nuclear energy source (georeactor with power of 30 TW), the tentative estimation of geoantineutrino intensity and geoantineutrino spectrum on the Earth surface are given.

  12. The Interior Dynamics of Water Planets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu, Roger; Sasselov, Dimitar D

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ever-expanding catalog of detected super-Earths calls for theoretical studies of their properties in the case of a substantial water layer. This work considers such water planets with a range of masses and water mass fractions (2 to 5 M_Earth, 0.02% to 50% H2 O). First, we model the thermal and dynamical structure of the near-surface for icy and oceanic surfaces, finding separate regimes where the planet is expected to maintain a subsurface liquid ocean and where it is expected to exhibit ice tectonics. Newly discovered exoplanets may be placed into one of these regimes given estimates of surface temperature, heat flux, and gravity. Second, we construct a parameterized convection model for the underlying ice mantle of higher ice phases, finding that materials released from the silicate iron core should traverse the ice mantle on the timescale of 0.1 to 100 megayears. We present the dependence of the overturn times of the ice mantle and the planetary radius on total mass and water mass fraction. Finally, w...

  13. INTERIOR PENALTY DISCONTINUOUS APPROXIMATIONS OF ELLIPTIC PROBLEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lazarov, Raytcho

    Laboratory under contract W-7405-Eng-48. 1 #12;2 RAYTCHO D. LAZAROV, STANIMIRE Z. TOMOV, AND PANAYOT S

  14. Optimization Online - On Implementing a Homogeneous Interior ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anders Skajaa

    2011-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Jan 25, 2011 ... imm.dtu.dk) Per Christian Hansen (pch ***at*** imm.dtu.dk). Abstract: Based on earlier work by Nesterov, an implementation of a homogeneous...

  15. Brazil: Into the Interior Jerry R. Hobbs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobbs, Jerry R.

    they let me pass. This was the border of Rondonia. The map of Rondonia looks like the skeleton of a fish remained, and white cattle grazed among them. In the west, approaching Porto Velho, we passed blackened to the boat captains. The boats were moored on the bank in a rather bad and very muddy part of town. I went

  16. Optimization Online - A PARALLEL interior point decomposition ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kartik Krishnan Sivaramakrishnan

    2006-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 4, 2006 ... ... and decomposed and distributed subproblems (smaller SDPs) in a parallel and distributed high performance computing environment.

  17. INTERIOR-POINT METHODS FOR NONCONVEX NONLINEAR ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 16, 2012 ... It is, therefore, not a good idea to spend the extra effort to determine the value of ?min(xk) and then start very close to it. In this new scheme,...

  18. Geothermal studies of seven interior salt domes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report defines and compares the geothermal environments of eight selected Gulf Coast salt domes. The thermal regimes in and around Gulf Coast salt domes are not well documented. The data base used for this study is an accumulation of bottom-hole temperature readings from oil and gas exploration wells and temperature logs run for the National Waste Terminal Storage (NWTS) program. The bottom-hole tempreatures were corrected in order to estimate the actual geothermal environments. Prior thermal studies and models indicate temperatures in and around salt domes are elevated above the norm by 1/sup 0/F to 25/sup 0/F. Using existing geothermal data and accepted theory, geothermal gradients for the selected domes and surrounding sediments were estimated. This study concludes that salt domes within a given basin have similar geothermal gradients, but that the basins differ in average geothermal gradients. This relationship is probably controlled by deep basement structural trends. No evidence of residual heat of emplacement was found associated with any of the selected domes.

  19. LEDs for Interior Office Applications Webcast

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In this March 18, 2010 webcast, Jason Tuenge and Michael Myer of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory described the performance and economic considerations of replacing either 4' T8 lamps or...

  20. Geo-neutrinos and Earth's interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gianni Fiorentini; Marcello Lissia; Fabio Mantovani

    2007-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The deepest hole that has ever been dug is about 12 km deep. Geochemists analyze samples from the Earth's crust and from the top of the mantle. Seismology can reconstruct the density profile throughout all Earth, but not its composition. In this respect, our planet is mainly unexplored. Geo-neutrinos, the antineutrinos from the progenies of U, Th and K40 decays in the Earth, bring to the surface information from the whole planet, concerning its content of natural radioactive elements. Their detection can shed light on the sources of the terrestrial heat flow, on the present composition, and on the origins of the Earth. Geo-neutrinos represent a new probe of our planet, which can be exploited as a consequence of two fundamental advances that occurred in the last few years: the development of extremely low background neutrino detectors and the progress on understanding neutrino propagation. We review the status and the prospects of the field.

  1. Structure of the Spherical Black Hole Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Bonanno; S. Droz; W. Israel; S. M. Morsink

    1994-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The internal structure of a charged spherical black hole is still a topic of debate. In a nonrotating but aspherical gravitational collapse to form a spherical charged black hole, the backscattered gravitational wave tails enter the black hole and are blueshifted at the Cauchy horizon. This has a catastrophic effect if combined with an outflux crossing the Cauchy horizon: a singularity develops at the Cauchy horizon and the effective mass inflates. Recently a numerical study of a massless scalar field in the \\RN background suggested that a spacelike singularity may form before the Cauchy horizon forms. We will show that there exists an approximate analytic solution of the scalar field equations which allows the mass inflation singularity at the Cauchy horizon to exist. In particular, we see no evidence that the Cauchy horizon is preceded by a spacelike singularity.

  2. Interior Foundation Insulation Upgrade-Minneapolis

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment of EnergyIndustry15Among States in

  3. Thermal and moisture problems in existing basements create a unique challenge as the exterior face of the wall is not easily or inexpensively accessible. This approach addresses thermal and moisture management from the interior face of the wall without disturbing the exterior soil and landscaping. It is effective at reducing energy loss through the wall principally during the heating season.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMayDepartmentTest for PumpingThe Facts onDepartmentTheofDurable Interior

  4. Speciation in Western Scrub-Jays, Haldanes rule, and genetic clines in secondary contact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gowen, Fiona C.; Maley, James M.; Cicero, Carla; Peterson, A. Townsend; Faircloth, Brant C.; Warr, T. Caleb; McCormack, John E.

    2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    area of contact between coastal and interior lineages and identified five genetic clusters with strong spatial structuring: Pacific Slope, Interior US, Edwards Plateau (Texas), Northern Mexico, and Southern Mexico. Consistent with predictions from...

  5. Speciation in Western Scrub-Jays, Haldanes rule, and genetic clines in secondary contact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gowen, Fiona C.; Maley, James M.; Cicero, Carla; Peterson, A. Townsend; Faircloth, Brant C.; Warr, T. Caleb; McCormack, John E.

    2014-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    area of contact between coastal and interior lineages and identified five genetic clusters with strong spatial structuring: Pacific Slope, Interior US, Edwards Plateau (Texas), Northern Mexico, and Southern Mexico. Consistent with predictions from...

  6. Basic Idea on Interior Tomography Development and Applications of Interior Tomography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Ge

    transforms. International Journal of Biomedical Imaging, Article ID 63634, 8 pages, 2007 Yu H, Wang G. 14-15, March 2010 Siemens dual-source scanner was introduced in 2005 but it is still not suffi Demonstration with Animal CT/Micro-CT Data Siemens Clinical CT Scanner http://www.siemens.com A sheep

  7. of the Interiors Bureau of Land Management in the development of a programmatic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    unknown authors

    environmental impact statement for a commercial leasing program for oil shale and tar sands resources on public lands, with an emphasis on the lands offering the best geologic prospects in

  8. Towards a chronology of brownware pottery in the western Great Basin: A case study from owens valley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eerkens, J W

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Revisions in Archaeological Sequences of the Great Basin in Interior Southern California, Nevada Archaeological Survey Research Papers, 5,

  9. 2010 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and production capacity of batteries for electric-drive vehicles and battery recycling--lithium-ion battery for batteries, ceramics and glass, grease, and other industrial applications increased in 2010 from those at 20 ARRA-funded battery and component manufacturing facilities, and 8 demonstration projects were

  10. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biochemical indices of quality. . . . . . . . . . . 6 Engineering studies on freezing and cold storage systems . · · . . . . . . . · . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Storage of fish in refrigerated sea water . . . 5 Time-temperature tolerance of frozen seafoods 5 to meet the needs of industry. Funda- ment al research has been continued in the field of fish - mus cle

  11. A unified kernel function approach to polynomial interior-point ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 20100480604). The research of the second author is supported by the. National Natural Science Foundation of

  12. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Stewart L. Udall, Secretary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ----------------------- 10 Extraction of water and lipids------------------ 10 Desolventization of pounds of fish s uitabl e f or use as a concentrated pro- t ein product can be harvest ed annually off

  13. 2006 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limited, 2007, p. 18, 57, 107). Kennecott Greens Creek Mining Co., owned by K Cominco Limited, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada) operated the Red Dog zinc-lead mine in northwest% decrease from that of 2005 (table 1). The value of domestic mine production was approximately $2.45 billion

  14. 2006 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in production at the Greens Creek Mine in Alaska and at the Rochester Mine in Nevada. At Greens Creek Mine [a t of silver and announced proven and probable reserves of 1,020 t at the Greens Creek Mine and 560 t at its.'s Rochester Mine, an open pit operation in northwestern Nevada, declined by 19 t in 2006 because mining

  15. 2005 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sector Initiatives: Opportunities Now), a presidential public-private partnership established in 2003 produced by surface and underground mining and from brine. U.S. consumption of minerals and compounds and installing energy efficient burners in the driers has rewarded SVM by increased efficiency and energy savings

  16. United states Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the knife blade so that it will scrape along the backbone, then, splits the fish along the back without from the washing tank they are allowed t o drain for a short time. They are then rubbed thoroughly

  17. Parallel Interior Point Solver for Structured Quadratic Programs ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-30-82T23:59:59.000Z

    In this section we give an example of exploitable structures in matrices Q and A. We show how by rearranging linear algebra operations a large structured linear...

  18. Lagrangian Transformation and Interior Ellipsoid Methods in Convex ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Let H = diag(hi) q i=1 be a diagonal matrix with hi > 0,i = 1,...,q and a, b, c are three vectors in Rq. The following three points identity in a rescaled Rq. 1. 2 a ? b2.

  19. United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    recipe and then cooled quickly and shredded, forks o e ir:r~ us,O!d to t 3-ir the fibers apart. 1 pOW1d cup top milk 2 egg yolks, beaten 1 tablespoon chopped parsley Fimento or green pepper strips for garnish Combine flour, melted shortening and cayenne. Blend well. Add the top milk and the hot water

  20. 2007 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Titanium Initiative whose objective is to develop revolutionary processes for the low-cost extraction of titanium metal from oxide ores. DARPA efforts were aimed at producing high-quality titanium at target costs, and titaniferous slag. Mining of titanium minerals is usually performed using surface methods. Dredging and dry

  1. Interior-point methods for linear programming: a guided tour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glineur, François

    linear programming1. The simplex algorithm, first developed by* * Dantzig in 1947, is a very.). However, an article by Karmarkar [Kar84] introduced in 1984 a new clas* *s of meth- ods: the so optimization problems. The purpose of this article is to give an overview of this rather new

  2. Interior-point methods for linear programming: a guided tour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glineur, François

    talk about linear programming 1 . The simplex algorithm, #12;rst developed by Dantzig in 1947 variety of problems (production planning, transportation, scheduling, etc.). However, an article be generalized to other types of convex optimization problems. The purpose of this article is to give an overview

  3. EIS-0263: Interior Columbia Basin Final Environmental Impact Statement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The ICBEMP strategy will include direction which will protect and enhance aquatic ecosystems for anadromous fish and inland native trout and terrestrial ecosystems. It will also address the social and economic interactions with these biological variables. (Merged with EIS-262 to become Eastside Ecosystem Management, Washington and Oregon)

  4. USGS Science U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    and unique ecosystems, the effects of climate change, increasing demand for limited energy and mineral, but policymakers and decisionmakers face difficult choices. With competing priorities to balance, and potentially of movement, and determined that the contamination--found within 3 miles of the city of Poplar's wells

  5. 2011 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    decreased by 2% compared with that of 2010. u.S. consumption of titanium used in steel and other alloys aerospace industry resulted in increased domestic production of titanium ingot and mill products. u-volume and low-cost techniques to enable widespread use of titanium and titanium alloys. In fiscal year (FY) 2011

  6. A New Unblocking Technique to Warmstart Interior Point Methods ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 19, 2006 ... This analysis is used in a new technique to warmstart ... Because of their weakness in warmstarting, IPMs have not made as big an impact in these areas. Over the years ...... investment strategy in a selection of assets over time. ... point method, European Journal of Operational Research, 85 (1995), pp.

  7. Interior Point Methods for Nonlinear Complementarity Florian A. Potra \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ye, Yinyu

    developed several important algorithms for solving some CPs [5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 6]. A complete set of results and nonlinear optimiza­ tion problems to CPs. For example, although a global convergent algorithm is established or quadratic convergence rate is absolutely essential for good practical perform­ ance. The convergence towards

  8. United states Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    stagnant or muddy pools where their breathing movements attract attention on warm af,ternoons. The swimming, is known to pass readily to and from fresh and saltwater. \\ .JJ In general, information is from Fishes

  9. Chicago 54, Ill. United states Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    fresh frozen fruits, vegetables, fishery products, and meats, a few precooked frozen products-to-eat di shes which have been rozen and stored at below-freezing temperature. Ready on a moment's notice, and freezing and storing the excess in the refrigerated locker, the homemaker provides for a future meal

  10. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be kept in good condition can be greatly extended by freezing and holding in cold storage. Brining before smoking and freezing. using moistureproof paper wrappers. and storing at a low temperature retard and ham. These products are no longer smoked as a means of preserving the meat but rather beeause

  11. Interior Proximal Algorithm with Variable Metric for Second-Order ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    0.044. 0.009389. 259. 0.179. 0.004317. 0.130. 0.3. 0.5. 143. 0.092. 0.008224 ... Lorentz cone, Optimization Methods and Software, vol. 18 (2003), no. 4, pp.

  12. 2008 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . increased investment was the main factor in the higher average silver price. A rise in the price of gold, oil, and commodities in general, was also an important factor in the increased silver price as other electronics applications, such as flat-screen televisions. Owing to the surge in investment

  13. A parallel interior point decomposition algorithm for block angular ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    a parallel and distributed high performance computing environment. We compare our. MPI (Message Passing Interface) implementation of the decomposition...

  14. 2009 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    90). in response to Congressional requests, a DOD-led Strategic and Critical materials Working Group was formed, the SmSP would conduct risk assessments, compare demand to supply by analyzing supply sources and risks the buying power of Government by aggregating materials requirements and negotiating long-term strategic

  15. Fire, climate change, and forest resilience in interior Alaska1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turetsky, Merritt

    et celles de la vegetation ont assure le maintien des cycles de succession forestie`re pendant les entre le regime de perturbations et les retroactions entre les plantes, le sol et les microbes qui emissions from burning of fossil fuels commit the planet to continued warming over coming decades

  16. Departments of Energy and Interior Award Nearly $17 Million for...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    enhance environmental performance while increasing electricity generation, mitigating fish and habitat impacts and enhancing downstream water quality. Advanced Hydropower System...

  17. A conic interior point decomposition approach for large scale ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    the multiplicity of the minimum eigenvalue of the dual slack matrix associated with the semidefinite ...... Ai(Xi) = b represent common resources shared by the r...

  18. 3D deformation field throughout the interior of materials.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jin, Huiqing; Lu, Wei-Yang

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains the one-year feasibility study for our three-year LDRD proposal that is aimed to develop an experimental technique to measure the 3D deformation fields inside a material body. In this feasibility study, we first apply Digital Volume Correlation (DVC) algorithm to pre-existing in-situ Xray Computed Tomography (XCT) image sets with pure rigid body translation. The calculated displacement field has very large random errors and low precision that are unacceptable. Then we enhance these tomography images by setting threshold of the intensity of each slice. DVC algorithm is able to obtain accurate deformation fields from these enhanced image sets and the deformation fields are consistent with the global mechanical loading that is applied to the specimen. Through this study, we prove that the internal markers inside the pre-existing tomography images of aluminum alloy can be enhanced and are suitable for DVC to calculate the deformation field throughout the material body.

  19. Polynomiality of An Inexact Infeasible Interior Point Algorithm for ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    High Performance Computing for Engineered Systems, Singapore-MIT Alliance, 4 Engineering Drive. 3, Singapore 117576. E-mail: smazgl@nus.edu.sg.

  20. 2009 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Smart Grid demonstration and energy storage projects that included large-scale lithium-ion batteries for energy storage (U.S. Department of Energy, 2009c). As part of its Advanced Technology Vehicles, TN, plant to produce electric cars and lithium-ion battery packs. Tesla Motors received a $465

  1. An interior-point Lagrangian decomposition method for separable ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    1Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Department of Electrical Engineering ... network flows) [1,2], process system engineering (e.g. distributed model ...... A first application that we will discuss here is the control of large-scale systems with .... with application to power system automatic generation control, IEEE Transactions

  2. HIPAD - A Hybrid Interior-Point Alternating Direction algorithm for ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

    phase. Both SVM formulations are adapted to knowledge incorporation. ...... Fixed-Point Algorithms for Inverse Problems in Science and Engineering, pages.

  3. Optimization Online - HIPAD - A Hybrid Interior-Point Alternating ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhiwei Qin

    2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Oct 31, 2014 ... Both SVM formulations are adapted to knowledge incorporation. ... Category 1: Applications -- Science and Engineering (Data-Mining ).

  4. 2009 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -bearing concentrates were exported to Canada for processing or directly to customers in Asia and Europe. Two refineries manufacturers' scrap, post-consumer scrap, and processed imported germanium compounds. Germanium is a hard is initially recovered from the leaching of zinc residues or coal ash and the subsequent precipitation

  5. 2010 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Canada). The germanium-bearing concentrates were exported to Canada for processing or directly imported germanium compounds. Germanium is a hard, brittle semimetal that first was used about a half. Germanium is initially recovered from the leaching of zinc residues or coal ash and the subsequent

  6. CALCULATING INTERIOR DAYLIGHT ILLUMINATION WITH A PROGRAMMABLE HAND CALCULATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryan, Harvey J.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Committee E-3.2, "Daylight: International RecommendationsCalculation of Natural Daylight," CIE PUBLICATION No. 16,Committee E-3.2, "Natural Daylight: Official Recommenda-

  7. CALCULATING INTERIOR DAYLIGHT ILLUMINATION WITH A PROGRAMMABLE HAND CALCULATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryan, Harvey J.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Committee E-3.2, "Daylight: International Recommendationsthe Calculation of Natural Daylight, 11 CIE PUBLICATION No.Committee E-3.2 1 "Natural Daylight: Official Recommenda-

  8. 2011 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    old scrap (table 5). About 7% of the tin used in the United States was recycled metal. World tin mine, 25 firms consumed 90% of the primary tin used domestically. The estimated value of primary tin metal consumed domestically was $875 million. industry stocks decreased by 10% compared with those at yearend

  9. 2006 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    metal consumed domestically was $394 million. Industry stocks at yearend increased by 46% compared scrapped alloys of tin and recycled in those same alloy industries. Secondary tin from recycled fabricated% of the reported primary tin used domestically. The major uses were as follows: electrical solders, 28%; metal

  10. 2010 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of primary tin metal consumed domestically was $689 million. Industry stocks declined by 9% compared scrap was produced (table 5). About 16% of the tin consumed in the United States was recycled metal manufacturing processes from various scrapped alloys of tin and recycled in those same alloy industries

  11. 2009 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    production in Oman (302,000 t), India (93,000 t), and the United Arab Emirates (62,000 t) as new smelters owing to declines in production in the United States [931,000 metric tons (t)], Russia (375,000 t), the United Kingdom (73,000 t), and Ukraine (63,000 t). These declines were partially offset by increased

  12. 2005 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). Consumption In 2005, consumption of primary tin decreased by 12% (tables 1, 2). Domestic consumption data tinplate and tin-free steel) dominated in the food, pet, and the "general line" can markets, and aluminum

  13. Experimental studies of melting and crystallization processes in planetary interiors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krawczynski, Michael James

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Melting and crystallization processes on the Earth and Moon are explored in this thesis, and the topics of melt generation, transport, and crystallization are discussed in three distinct geologic environments: the Moon's ...

  14. On the rapidly cooling interior of supergalactic winds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Silich; G. Tenorio-Tagle; C. Munoz-Tunon

    2003-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The steady state numerical solution and two dimensional hydrodynamic calculations of supergalactic winds generated by super star clusters are presented. Two possible regimes: quasi-adiabatic and strongly radiative are thoroughly discussed. It is shown that superwinds driven by compact and powerful starbursts undergo catastrophic cooling close to their sources, and establish a temperature distribution radically different from those obtained in the adiabatic solution. At the same time, both velocity and density radial distributions remain almost unchanged given the speed of the rapidly diverging flow. The rapid fall in temperature as a function of radius reduces the size of the zone radiating in X-rays and decreases the superwind X-ray luminosity. At the same time, cooling brings the 10$^4$ K boundary closer to the wind center, and promotes the establishment of an extended ionized fast moving envelope. This should show up as a weak and broad ($\\sim 1000$ km s$^{-1}$) line emission component at the base of the much narrower line caused by the central HII region.

  15. Reprints of ten magazine articles on DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Mexico 6 Fis h for pet foods in the Pacif ic Northwest 8 fro Fish for pet foods from the Ark ansas farml;CONTE TS Page The use of fish in pe t foods . . . . 1 Sources of l ake fish for pet foods 3 Potential product ion of "rough fish" in the Great Lakes are a . . . . . . . . . 4 Fish fo r pet foods in the Gulf

  16. Near-Field Imaging of Interior Cavities 1 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The scattering data is taken on a circle centered at the source. The ... where a>0 is the base radius and f(?) is the cavity surface function. We assume that f is.

  17. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR STEWART L. UDALL, SECRETARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ......................·.·.··.....·.. 15 Colorado River, Arizona and California .................. 18 Navajo and Hopi, Arizona, New Mexico ...................................... 29 Acid Mine Pollution Studies .......·.····.··.·.···.·..·.··· 30 Fishery Management Programs Table Affected by Acid Mine Pollution ................... 31 Fishery Management Services, 1963 7.--Air

  18. 2011 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cs) and optoelectronic devices [laser diodes, light-emitting diodes (lEDs), photodetectors, and solar cells]. Gallium solar energy systems by about 75%, and thereby allow copper-indium-gallium diselenide (CiGS) solar

  19. Complexity Analysis of Interior Point Algorithms for Non-Lipschitz ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Jul 25, 2012 ... and concave, ? > 0, 0 p 0, i = 1, 2,...,n. Moreover, ? is ..... Thus, f(xk+1) ? f(xk), which implies that f(xk) ? f(x0), k ? K. ...... R. Tibshirani, Shrinkage and selection via the Lasso, J. Roy. Statist. Soc...

  20. 2008 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , electronic warfare, and phased array radar. The ONR program's objectives were to extend the use of the high voltage Gaas pseudomorphic high electron mobility transistor (pHmET) technology to higher frequencies

  1. ONEGUN: an interior ballistics code for closed breech guns

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reis, G.E.

    1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This program computes the gun and projectile motion and the gas thermodynamic properties (the internal ballistics) of a closed breech gun. Heat losses and friction losses are taken into account. A dual grain charge can be used. The inputs required are the usual propellant characteristics (density, impetus, gamma, burn rate coefficient and exponent, grain geometry, covolume and isochoric flame temperature). The gun characteristics (chamber volume and length, rifle twist rate, bore diameter, gun weight and start pressure) and the projectile characteristics (projectile weight, radius of gyration and start pressure). The output consists of the motion (displacement, velocity, and acceleration) of both the projectile and the recoiling gun and the gas pressures and temperature, all as a function of time.

  2. 2005 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , South Dakota, California, New Mexico, Arizona, and Idaho, in descending order. Gold was produced at lode of gold were jewelry and arts, 84%; dental and other, 10%; and electrical and electronics, 6%. Trade in refined bullion comprised 31% of U.S. gold imports and 56% of exports; the United States became a net

  3. 2008 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    from mines in Alaska, Utah, Colorado, Montana, California, South dakota, Washington, New Mexico%; electrical and electronics, 7%; and other, 10%. Trade in refined bullion comprised 51% of U.S. gold imports and 81% of exports; the United States was a net exporter of 342,000 kg of bullion in 2008. The increase

  4. 2009 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Idaho, and New Mexico, in descending order of production. Gold was produced at lode mines, a few large, 69%; dental and medical, 9%; electrical and electronics, 9%; and other, 13%. Trade in refined bullion comprised 40% of U.S. gold imports and 74% of exports; the United States was a net exporter of 154,000 kg

  5. 2010 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    %; electrical and electronics, 7%; and other, 29%. Refined bullion comprised 33% of U.S. gold imports and 77% of exports; the United States was a net exporter of 95,700 kg of bullion in 2010 (tables 4, 6). The imports in imports mainly were from Canada and Mexico, which provided almost 51% and 25%, respectively

  6. 2006 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    States was a net exporter of 91,600 kg of bullion in 2006. Canada and Mexico provided almost 51% and 31, California, New Mexico, Arizona, and Idaho, in descending order of production. Gold was produced at lode, the estimated percentages for end use of gold were jewelry and arts, 84%; dental and other, 10%; and electrical

  7. 2008 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a voluntary canvass of U.S. operations. The only U.S. lithium carbonate producer, Chemetall Foote Corp. (a publication to avoid disclosing company proprietary data (table 1). Chemetall Foote produced lithium carbonate subsidiary of the German company Chemetall GmbH, which is owned by Rockwood Holdings, Inc., of Princeton, NJ

  8. 2007 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a voluntary canvass of U.S. operations. The single U.S. lithium carbonate producer, Chemetall Foote Corp. (a publication to avoid disclosing company proprietary data (table 1). Chemetall Foote produced lithium carbonate downstream lithium compounds in Kings Mountain, NC. Chemetall Foote's subsidiary in Chile, Sociedad Chilena

  9. 2006 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    canvass of U.S. operations. The single U.S. lithium carbonate producer, Chemetall Foote Corp. (a publication to avoid disclosing company proprietary data (table 1). Chemetall Foote produced lithium carbonate downstream lithium compounds in Kings Mountain, NC. Chemetall Foote's subsidiary in Chile, Sociedad Chilena

  10. The solar interior - radial structure, rotation, solar activity cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Axel Brandenburg

    2007-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Some basic properties of the solar convection zone are considered and the use of helioseismology as an observational tool to determine its depth and internal angular velocity is discussed. Aspects of solar magnetism are described and explained in the framework of dynamo theory. The main focus is on mean field theories for the Sun's magnetic field and its differential rotation.

  11. CALCULATING INTERIOR DAYLIGHT ILLUMINATION WITH A PROGRAMMABLE HAND CALCULATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryan, Harvey J.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    within a room utilizing sky luminance distribution functionsis a function of the sky luminance, the window transmission,normal. The CIE Standard Sky luminance function is given by

  12. CALCULATING INTERIOR DAYLIGHT ILLUMINATION WITH A PROGRAMMABLE HAND CALCULATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryan, Harvey J.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    illumination at any sky luminance distribution functionsis a function the sky luminance, the window transmission,4. 2 1 of Luminance Distribution on Clear Skies 1 11 CIE

  13. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    employed GPS satellites (about 12 hours a day), Rho-Rho loran, and Del Norte precision navigation using. Our greatest difficulty was with the Del Norte* system. Tr

  14. Biomass District Heat System for Interior Rural Alaska Villages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wall, William A.; Parker, Charles R.

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Alaska Village Initiatives (AVI) from the outset of the project had a goal of developing an integrated village approach to biomass in Rural Alaskan villages. A successful biomass project had to be ecologically, socially/culturally and economically viable and sustainable. Although many agencies were supportive of biomass programs in villages none had the capacity to deal effectively with developing all of the tools necessary to build a complete integrated program. AVI had a sharp learning curve as well. By the end of the project with all the completed tasks, AVI developed the tools and understanding to connect all of the dots of an integrated village based program. These included initially developing a feasibility model that created the capacity to optimize a biomass system in a village. AVI intent was to develop all aspects or components of a fully integrated biomass program for a village. This meant understand the forest resource and developing a sustainable harvest system that included the right sized harvest equipment for the scale of the project. Developing a training program for harvesting and managing the forest for regeneration. Making sure the type, quality, and delivery system matched the needs of the type of boiler or boilers to be installed. AVI intended for each biomass program to be of the scale that would create jobs and a sustainable business.

  15. U. S. Department of the Interior U. S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .......................................................................................................12 Definition of a Swarm and Swarm Duration.......................................................................................................15 Cumulative Energy, Energy Release Rate, and Repose

  16. Seismic Imaging of the Earth's Interior (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Romanowicz, Barbara

    2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Summer Lecture Series 2006: Earth scientist Barbara Romanowicz discusses how she explores the deep structure and dynamics of the Earth using seismic tomography.

  17. Warmstarting the Homogeneous and Self-Dual Interior Point Method ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    negligible computational cost. This is a ... Department of Management Science and Engineering ... A problem often incurred, however, is a relatively costly .... generating the hsd-model is by construction a feasible point for the problem, so ...... Here, r denotes the mean of observed historical realizations of r and R is the

  18. Primal-dual Interior-Point Methods with Asymmetric Barriers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Its complexity estimate coincides with the best estimate known for this ... In what follows, we denote by E (or other capital letter) a finite dimensional ...... additional computational cost of the corrector stage can be compensated by the higher.

  19. Lagrangian Dual Interior-Point Methods for Semidefinite Programs1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    method in the corrector procedure and an application of the conjugate ... use iterative methods such as the CG (conjugate gradient) method and the CR (...

  20. 2010 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    survey data and tables were prepared by Maria Arguelles, statistical assistant. In 2010, no domestic GaN device applications, the funding was expected to help the United States compete with China, Japan of GaN integrated circuits (TriQuint Semiconductor, Inc., 2010). The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE

  1. The earth's interior from both a seismological and petrological perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saltzer, Rebecca Lee

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Shear-wave splitting measurements of teleseismic shear waves, such as SKS, have been used to estimate the amount and direction of upper-mantle anisotropy worldwide. One of the basic assumptions in making these measurements ...

  2. Quadratic interior-point methods in statistical disclosure control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2003-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    practice, however, the optimization problem obtained with the L2 distance can be solved .... a zero value, ? = ? = 0 can be a good choice (i.e., we don't perturb the ..... [2] M. Bacharach, Matrix rounding problems, Management Science 9, (1966) ... [15] ILOG CPLEX, ILOG CPLEX 8.0 Reference Manual Library (ILOG, Gen-.

  3. Adaptive Management The U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    Authors Byron K. Williams and Eleanor D. Brown Other Contributors Lianne Ball, Ellen Bean, Mary Boatman applications of adaptive management in four thematic areas: climate change, water resources, energy resources Cunningham, Michael Conroy, Scott Conroy, Stan Cook, Robyn Darbyshire, Brean Duncan, Bridgette Flanders

  4. Interior, J. A. Krug, Secretary Service, Albert M. Day, Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    restricted, production and trade. Equipment--Locally manuf~ctured air-pumping equipment is available for most reqUirements, but rubber hose, diving suits, and helmets are in very short supply. Existing equipment.eper )waters, where better qualities and larger quantities could be obtained. Production--Available unofficial

  5. UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    a d i n g upwards i n t o t h e T e r t i a r y beds of t h e " C o n t i n e n t a l Terminal." The p e t r o l e u m p r o s p e c t s of t h e s e r o c k s , i n t h e p a s t...

  6. 2011 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and reported stock changes. China's net imports of refined copper declined by about 200,000 t to 2.68 Mt owing remained the fourth-ranked mine producer of copper behind Chile, China, and peru and accounted for about 7 the leading world mined copper producer and accounted for 33% of global production, while China surpassed peru

  7. 2009 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -earth ores were primarily mined by China, with smaller amounts mined in India, Brazil, and Malaysia, listed lighting. Based on import data from the Port Import Export Reporting Service (PIERS) database is more abundant than copper (average concentration in the Earth's crust 50 ppm), is the most abundant

  8. 2011 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . ITO was principally used for electrically conductive purposes in a variety of flat-panel display by AIM Specialty Materials USA (Cranston, RI), Exotech Inc. (Pompano Beach, FL), ICA, 5N Plus Inc. (Saint with that of 2010 owing to increased demand for architectural glass and flat-panel displays, specifically high

  9. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Stewart L. Udall, Secretary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginsburg. April 1946, 8 p. Superseded by FL 418. 9. Available leaflets on fisheries (subject index, a potential source of attractive low-cost sea food from the Atlantic Coast. By Wm. C. Herrington and Leslie W and L. N. Kolloen. March 1943, 16 p., 5 tables. 17. Construction of farm ponds. By Branch of Game

  10. 2008 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and refinery production increased by 3% and 2%, respectively, principally owing to an increase in primary fourth in refinery output behind China, Chile, and Japan, in descending order of output. According

  11. 2006 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the year, and refinery production was essentially unchanged. Equipment, labor shortages, and production smelter and refinery production rose by about 4% and 5%, respectively, owing to increased secondary smelter production and remained fourth in refinery output behind China, Chile, and Japan. According

  12. 2007 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    closures during 2006. Downstream primary electrolytic refinery production rose by 89,000 t (13%) as increased availability of domestic anode overshadowed a decline in imported blister/anode. Total refinery in global smelter and refinery production of 1.6% and 4.3%, respectively, were owing to increases in primary

  13. 2009 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , declined nominally in 2009 owing to a global tight supply of concentrates and scrap. Global refinery production and remained fourth in refinery output behind China, Chile, and Japan. According to data compiled

  14. 2010 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , which had declined nominally in 2009, rose by about 4% in 2010, as did downstream refinery production in world smelter production and remained fourth in refinery output behind China, Chile, and Japan

  15. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of quicklime, the destructi,e effect of which is produced by direct cantact. Particles of the chemicaI pread usually follow in a short time. Once spread o,er the oyster beds. the lime retains its effectiveness- ne_ to oysters and many other commercial species all indicate that it is a practical weapon for use

  16. Implementation of Interior Point Methods for Mixed Semidefinite and ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2002-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Aug 2, 2002 ... Generally speaking, the search direction (?x,?y,?z) is implicitly defined by a system of equa- ..... matrix ?TAT, especially in terms of memory requirements. ...... normal equations have already been factored before we enter the...

  17. 2010 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    . Steelmaking, including its ironmaking component, accounted for most of the reported domestic manganese

  18. 2011 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    . steelmaking, including its ironmaking component, accounted for most of the reported domestic manganese

  19. 2007 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    , and alloying properties. Steelmaking, including its ironmaking component, accounted for most of the reported

  20. 2009 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    by virtue of its sulfur-fixing, deoxidizing, and alloying properties. Steelmaking, including its ironmaking

  1. 2008 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    , including its ironmaking component, accounted for most of the reported domestic manganese consumption

  2. New Model of Earth's Interior Reveals Clues to Hotspot Volcanoes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    below Earth's surface, seismic tomography can be harder to interpret. "To simulate seismic data for interpretation, people have traditionally used broad layers of...

  3. 2011 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Canada). no germanium was recovered from zinc concentrates or coal in the united States. The germanium). This comprised germanium recovered from zinc concentrates, fly ash from burning coal, and recycled material increased on a global basis in 2011 owing to increased production in China, india, mexico, and russia

  4. 2006 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) solar cells that would yield high production throughput. Flexible CIGS solar cells could All refined, produced the majority of indium metal and indium compounds in 2006. A number of small companies produced

  5. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Mississippi Flyway. . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 DDT accumulation by waterfowl in an Ohio marsh Reproductive success in a DDT-contaminated population of herring gulls . . . . . 11 Kinetics of pesticide pOisoning in Dutch elm disease control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Bird mortality following DDT spray for Dutch elm

  6. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Walter J. Hickel, Secretary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S eas of north ern Alaska . Littl e biological research has been d nl' on churn salm on , so l ess salmon are mor e difficult to catch , are \\ortl l ess per p ound, and are l ess palatable han th e other

  7. Steady water waves with multiple critical layers: interior dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mats Ehrnstrm; Joachim Escher; Gabriele Villari

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study small-amplitude steady water waves with multiple critical layers. Those are rotational two-dimensional gravity-waves propagating over a perfect fluid of finite depth. It is found that arbitrarily many critical layers with cat's-eye vortices are possible, with different structure at different levels within the fluid. The corresponding vorticity depends linearly on the stream function.

  8. Matrix-free Interior Point Method for Compressed Sensing Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    the measurement matrix A is used only as an operator to produce results of matrix-vector products Ax ...... S. Becker, J. Bobin, and E. J. Cands. Nesta: A fast and...

  9. Primal-Dual Interior-Point Algorithms for Semidefinite Optimization ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    this paper is not self-regular due to its growth term increasing linearly. ..... otherwise we enter an inner iteration by computing the search directions at the.

  10. Dry Creek salt dome, Mississippi Interior Salt basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Montgomery, S.L.; Ericksen, R.L.

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent drilling of salt dome flanks in the Mississippi Salt basin has resulted in important new discoveries and the opening of a frontier play. This play is focused on gas/condensate reserves in several Cretaceous formations, most notably the Upper Cretaceous Eutaw and lower Tuscaloosa intervals and Lower Cretaceous Paluxy and Hosston formations. As many as eight domes have been drilled thus far; sandstones in the upper Hosston Formation comprise the primary target. Production has been as high as 3-5 Mcf and 500-1200 bbl of condensate per day, with estimated ultimate reserves in the range of 0.2 to 1.5 MBOE (million barrels oil equivalent) per well. As typified by discovery at Dry Creek salt dome, traps are related to faulting, unconformities, and updip loss of permeability. Previous drilling at Dry Creek, and in the basin generally, avoided the flank areas of most domes, due to geologic models that predicted latestage (Tertiary) piercement and breached accumulations. Recent data from Dry Creek and other productive domes suggest that growth was episodic and that piercement of Tertiary strata did not affect deeper reservoirs charged with hydrocarbons in the Late Cretaceous.

  11. 2010 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in 2010. A number of smaller companies produced specialty indium alloys and other indium products (t) of indium. The company has owned the property since 2005 (Lithic Resources Ltd., 2010). Indium and sputtering takes place. Indium can also be recovered from copper-indium-gallium- diselenide (CIGS) solar

  12. Geo-neutrinos: a new probe of Earth's interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gianni Fiorentini; Marcello Lissia; Fabio Mantovani; Riccardo Vannucci

    2005-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    In preparation to the experimental results which will be available in the future, we study geo-neutrino production for different models of mantle convection and composition. By using global mass balance for the Bulk Silicate Earth, the predicted flux contribution from distant sources in the crust and in the mantle is fixed within a total uncertainty of +-15%. We also discuss regional effects, provided by subducting slabs or plumes near the detector. In four years a five-kton detector operating at a site relatively far from nuclear power plants can achieve measurements of the geo-neutrino signal accurate to within +-5%. It will provide a crucial test of the Bulk Silicate Earth and a direct estimate of the radiogenic contribution to terrestrial heat.

  13. Department of Energy, Department of the Interior and Army Corps...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    relationship, sharing priorities, and aligning ongoing and future renewable energy development efforts across the agencies. The Memorandum of Understanding for Hydropower -...

  14. On the existence of certain axisymmetric interior metrics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Angulo Santacruz, C. [Department of Mathematics, University of West Indies, Kingston 6 (Jamaica); Batic, D. [Department of Mathematics, University of West Indies, Kingston 6 (Jamaica); Departamento de Matematicas, Universidad de los Andes, Cra. 1E No. 18A-10, Bogota (Colombia); Nowakowski, M. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de los Andes, Cra. 1E No. 18A-10, Bogota (Colombia)

    2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the effects of noncommutative coordinate operators is that the delta function connected to the quantum mechanical amplitude between states sharp to the position operator gets smeared by a Gaussian distribution. Although this is not the full account of the effects of noncommutativity, this effect is, in particular, important as it removes the point singularities of Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordstroem solutions. In this context, it seems to be of some importance to probe also into ringlike singularities which appear in the Kerr case. In particular, starting with an anisotropic energy-momentum tensor and a general axisymmetric ansatz of the metric together with an arbitrary mass distribution (e.g., Gaussian), we derive the full set of Einstein equations that the noncommutative geometry inspired Kerr solution should satisfy. Using these equations we prove two theorems regarding the existence of certain Kerr metrics inspired by noncommutative geometry.

  15. 2012 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of materials and working under the "buy and hold" approach of the past, toward what it characterized as a more-of-life products, such as decommissioned military vehicles and thermal weapons sights. The germanium production

  16. 2005 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). CenturyalsosignedanagreementwithAppalachianPower CompanyforelectricalservicetoitsRavenswood,WV,smelter effectiveJanuary1,construction,ownership,operation,and maintenanceofafifthpowergeneratingstationatAlcoa's Rockdale,TX,smelter). Alcoaalsoannouncedinvestmentstosecurethelong-term powerneedsofitsWarrick,in,smelter.Thecompanyplanned toinvest$45

  17. 2005 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for strategic and critical materials (Holder, 2005). The DNSC sells chromium materials on the open market, and refractory materials. Its use in iron, nonferrous alloys, and steel is for the purpose of enhancing are two of its more critical applications. Other applications are in alloy steel, catalysts, leather

  18. iterative solution of augmented systems arising in interior methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden (andersf@kth.se). Research supported by the Swedish Research. Council (VR). Department of Mathematics, University of...

  19. Interior Point Trajectories and a Homogeneous Model for Nonlinear ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Research ((C2)155600487, (B)14380188) of the Ministry of Education, Culture, ...... tics, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore,

  20. 2009 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    secondary indium was produced from ITO recycling. Sputtering, the process in which ITO is deposited. It was reported that the ITO recycling process--from collection of scrap to production of secondary materials to dissolve the ITO from which the indium is recovered. Indium recovery from tailings was thought to have been

  1. 2008 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Recycling A large portion of global secondary indium was produced from ITO recycling. Sputtering to production of secondary materials-- now takes less than 30 days. Spent ITO target recycling was concentrated recovery from tailings was thought to have been insignificant, as these wastes contain small percentages

  2. 2006 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    % titanium. U.S. producers of titanium sponge in 2006 were Allegheny Technologies Inc. (ATI), Honeywell Electronic Materials Inc., and Titanium Metals Corp. (Timet). Honeywell Electronic Materials' plant in Salt

  3. Interior-Point Algorithms for a Generalization of Linear Programming ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 23, 2011 ... Acknowledgement. I am grateful to Eric Denardo for a series of conversations that stimulated my interest in the topic of this paper. 11...

  4. 2010 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    other nations. Commissioning of new smelters and brownfield expansions, as well as restarted capacity

  5. 2011 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and brownfield expansions, as well as restarted capacity closed owing to the financial crisis and to power

  6. 2012 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and several other nations. Commissioning of new smelters, brownfield expansions, as well as restarted capacity

  7. aircraft interior noise: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 OPTIMIZATION OF OPERATIONAL AIRCRAFT PARAMETERS REDUCING NOISE EMISSION Mathematics Websites...

  8. Optimization Online - Interior-point method for nonlinear ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ladislav Luksan

    2009-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 25, 2009 ... The algorithm was implemented in the interactive system for universal functional optimization UFO. Results of extensive numerical experiments...

  9. FUZZY INTERIOR OPERATORS RADIM BELOHLAVEK* and TA N ANA FUNIOKOVA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belohlavek, Radim

    with fuzzy sets (so called fuzzy closure operators) are studied (Mashour and Ghanim, 1985; Bandler and Kohout studies only (Bandler and Kohout, 1988; Dubois and Prade, 1991; Bodenhofer et al., 2003), and it seems

  10. 2011 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Worldwide lithium resource exploration (led predominantly by Australian and Canadian startup companies of Energy, 2011). Recycling Lithium battery recycling projects were under development in the Belgium of 2009 (ARRA Public Law III5), the DOE awarded $9.5 million to California-based battery recycler Toxco

  11. August 2000 (Data-Mining ) Michael Ferris , Todd Munson Interior ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Model Problems for the Multigrid Optimization of Systems Governed by Differential Equations July 2002 (Control ..... On the Optimal On-Line Management of Photovoltaic-Hydrogen Hybrid Energy Systems .... A new step size rule in Yan et al.

  12. Observing Healthcare Interior Environments and the Effect on Patient Behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, Courtney R.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Healthcare facilities are recognizable as organized, clean, and functional environments that enable health practices to be carried out easily. However, most healthcare facilities do not take into account how design may affect patient welfare...

  13. Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences Magnetohydrodynamics of Stellar Interiors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with a period of about 11 years. The amazing fine structure of the hot solar corona, which owes its origin-ray emission varies through the solar cycle. When the Sun was first formed, it rotated much more rapidly, usually through the study of simplified model problems that encapsulate certain aspects of the fundamental

  14. SPORT F SHERY UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    pollution from sawdust disposal, ammonia, oil wells, gas works, and flax and hemp retting waste water

  15. United states Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    accessible sources of this and other hard fibers. Hemp grown in Italy and Hungary, where abundant supplies the production of the fine hemp grown there, Jute from India has been partially cut off by action in the Orient were early and wisely placed under the control of the War Production Board.~ More "Manila hemp, " which

  16. Chicago 54, Ill. United states Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of that continent. However, traps or pots, made from such materials as cotton, hemp, coir, split bamboo, rattan

  17. 2007 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    %), sanitaryware (24%), and pottery and miscellaneous ceramics (9%); for bentonite, absorbents (26%), drilling mud technology (MACT) for hazardous air pollutants for the brick, clay ceramic, and structural clay kilns, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Wisconsin (table 2). Companies

  18. Building America Expert Meeting: Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJune 2,The Big Green372 Roomfor HumanitySeparationof

  19. Building America Technlogy Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Interior

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJune 2,The Big Green372 RoomforinDepartment

  20. Building America Technlogy Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Interior

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJune 2,The Big Green372 RoomforinDepartmentFoundation Insulation

  1. Metal-Organic Frameworks with Precisely Designed Interior for Carbon

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > The EnergyCenterDioxide Capture in the Presence of Water | Center for

  2. Metal-Organic Frameworks with Precisely Designed Interior for Carbon

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > The EnergyCenterDioxide Capture in the Presence of Water | Center

  3. New Model of Earth's Interior Reveals Clues to Hotspot Volcanoes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated CodesTransparency VisitSilverNephelineNeuralNewIdeasofNew Microscopy

  4. 2007 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    primary production in 2007 decreased compared with that of 2006, owing to decreased output in China. China owing to large capital costs, environmental restrictions, and a lack of storage space. It was reported than 30 days. Spent ITO target recycling was concentrated in China, Japan, and the Republic of Korea

  5. ASTR/GEOL 5800 Planetary Surfaces & Interiors 15 October 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    are available: Apollo 15: 21 microW cm^2 Apollo 17: 1.6 microW cm^2 Best estimate of the lunar selenotherm;#12;Before and after Apollo · Prior to the Apollo Missions, some scientists believed the Moon formed in the early Solar System along with the other planets and had remained a primitive body. · Because of Apollo

  6. The interior penalty discontinuous Galerkin method for elastic wave ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ambika p PrasadTECHBOOKS

    2008-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    results that demand further research. ..... Building Blocks for arbitrary high order ... tool to simulate the seismic response of 2-D and 3-D geological structures,.

  7. Energy and Interior Departments Host Offshore Energy Knowledge...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Related Articles DOE to Host a Booth at Offshore WINDPOWER Wind Program Newsletter: Second Quarter 2012 DOE-DOI Strategy Seeks to Harness U.S. Offshore Wind Energy Potential...

  8. Information Geometry and Primal-Dual Interior-point Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    tsuchiya

    2009-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    ?Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo. 113-8656, Japan. (Email: Satoshi...

  9. A Penalty-Interior-Point Algorithm for Nonlinear Constrained ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    including sets of problems that exhibit degeneracy or are infeasible. ..... require specifications of first-order optimality conditions for subproblems (1.3) ...... Nonlinear Optimization, Technical Report, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Ox-.

  10. 2009 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (FWS) granted final approval to a new class of tungsten shot products for hunting waterfowl and coots. Approval of the tungsten-iron-fluoropolymer products brought the number of FWs-approved tungsten-based shot products to 10. The other nine products were tungsten bronze, tungsten-iron, tungsten

  11. american interior grasslands: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    are diverse, include organisms that are specific to sand hills, and include a number of rare or endemic taxa. Dune stabilization is cause for conservation concern, whereas the...

  12. Buildings of the Future and Health - Interior Considerations | Department

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy:WhetherNovember 13,NationalPhoto courtesy of the PacificJune 2015A1ofof

  13. I~ Central Nevada-40 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling7111AWell:F E ,"^ I 1' . _c m y 7I_ - *-__,i

  14. Energy, Interior Departments Announce New Location for Solar Decathlon 2011

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic Plan Departmentof EnergyPublic Law of|Energy TechnologyClean Energy|

  15. Interior Department Solicits Grant Proposals from Tribes | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment of EnergyIndustry15Among States in theWAPA1Interim2015

  16. UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem Not FoundInformation DOEInformation Summary Big*Thee n0738F 241.3

  17. Processable Cyclic Peptide Nanotubes with Tunable Interiors | Center for

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > TheNuclear Press Releases ArchiveServices » Guidance »Center forGas

  18. Interior Board of Land Appeals | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search

  19. Interior Department to Open 190 Million Acres to Geothermal Power |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking of BlytheDepartmentEnergyDemonstrationInteragency TaskMD,Department of

  20. Defense, Interior Departments Pursue Renewable Energy on Federal Lands |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised Finding of No53197 This workDayton:| Department of EnergyDepartment

  1. Energy and Interior Departments Host Offshore Energy Knowledge Exchange

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisoryStandard |inHVAC |Department of EnergyTricks LeadClean

  2. UNITED STATES D E P - OF TEE INTERIOR C

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTuba City, Arizona, DisposalFourthN V4100 DOE/EA-1452

  3. UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR F

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTuba City, Arizona, DisposalFourthN V4100 DOE/EA-1452D E P A R T M E N

  4. Property:Building/InteriorHeight | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska:Precourt InstituteFloorAreaOfficesFloorAreaWarehouses Jump

  5. United States Department of Interior | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga, IndianaTurtleCooperative Place: Beaver Redirect page Jump to:United

  6. United States Department of the Interior - Directors Order 53 - Special

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga, IndianaTurtleCooperative Place: Beaver Redirect page Jump

  7. United States Department of the Interior - RM-53 - Reference Manual -

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga, IndianaTurtleCooperative Place: Beaver Redirect page JumpSpecial

  8. Photographs of the Exterior and Interior of the Lab Homes Appendix B -Photographs of the Exterior and Interior of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Complete with Disconnect and Utility-Provided Smart Meter #12;B.4 Figure B.1. Window on West End of Home B

  9. Research Methods for Interior Architecture and Design 20 CP Design Studio for Interior Architecture and Design 20 CP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul

    and Mining Environmental Law II 20 CP* Oil, Gas and Mining Investment Law I 20 CP* Oil, Gas and Mining of Health Law 20 CP* Data Protection 20 CP* Oil, Gas and Mining Environmental Law I 20 CP* Oil, Gas Investment Law II 20 CP* Principles of Business Regulation 20 CP* Business Organisations 20 CP* New

  10. Influence of coal quality parameters on utilization of high-sulfur coals: Examples from Springfield (western Kentucky No. 9) coal bed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griswold, T.B.; Hower, J.C.; Cobb, J.C. (Kentucky Energy Cabinet, Lexington (USA))

    1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Springfield (Western Kentucky No. 9) coal bed is the most important energy resource in the Western Kentucky coalfield (Eastern Interior coalfield), accounting for over 30 million tons of annual production from remaining resources of over 9 billion tons. For many coal quality parameters, the quality of the coal bed is relatively consistent throughout the region. For example, the Springfield has about 80-85% vitrinite, 10% ash, and 3.5-4.5% total sulfur at most sites in the coalfield. However, coal quality variation is more than just the changes in ash and sulfur. As demonstrated by the Springfield coal bed, it is a complex interaction of related and unrelated variables many of which directly affect utilization of the coal. Significant, though generally predictable, changes are observed in other parameters. Comparison of data from the Millport (Muhlenberg and Hopkins Countries), Providence (Hopkins and Webster Counties), and Waverly (Union County) 7{1/2} Quadrangles illustrated such variations.

  11. Beyond Fictions of Closure in Australian Aboriginal Kinship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denham, Woodrow W

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three tribes of Western Australia. Journal of the Royalmost of the interior of Western Australia, the southwesterntwice in coastal Western Australia. They seem to have

  12. Western Region Renewable Energy Markets: Implications for the Bureau of Land Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haase, S.; Billman, L.; Gelman, R.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this analysis is to provide the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) and the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) with an overview of renewable energy (RE) generation markets, transmission planning efforts, and the ongoing role of the BLM RE projects in the electricity markets of the 11 states (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming) that comprise the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) Region. This analysis focuses on the status of, and projections for, likely development of non-hydroelectric renewable electricity from solar (including photovoltaic [PV] and concentrating solar power [CSP]), wind, biomass and geothermal resources in these states. Absent new policy drivers and without the extension of the DOE loan guarantee program and Treasury's 1603 program, state RPS requirements are likely to remain a primary driver for new RE deployment in the western United States. Assuming no additional policy incentives are implemented, projected RE demand for the WECC states by 2020 is 134,000 GWh. Installed capacity to meet that demand will need to be within the range of 28,000-46,000 MW.

  13. Western Meter Policy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    as Western) VAC Voltage Alternating Current VAR, Mvar Volt-Ampere-Reactive (Instantaneous Reactive Power), Mega-Var VDC Voltage Direct Current Western Area Power Administration...

  14. EA-1671: Big River Substation to Poston Substation 69-Kilovolt Transmission Line Project, Arizona and California

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of the Interiors Bureau of Indian Affairs considered preparing this EA, with DOEs Western Area Power Administration as a cooperating agency. This project has been canceled.

  15. On the Implementation of an Interior-Point Algorithm for Nonlinear ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    IPOPT software package paired with an iterative linear system solver and ..... where the second block of equations stipulates Akdk = Akvk; i.e., progress toward ..... 4.2 Illustration of the geometry of the server room cooling model projected onto...

  16. U.S. Department of the Interior December 2012 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Greens Creek Mine in Alaska because the Silver Shaft at the Lucky Friday Mine was undergoing). References Cited Coeur d'Alene Mines Corp., 2012, Coeur reports third quarter financial and operating results@usgs.gov Internet: http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals SILVER IN SEPTEMBER 2012 U.S. mines produced 81,400 kilograms

  17. CAN POLARIZED LIGHTING PANELS REDUCE ENERGY CONSUPTION AND IMPROVE VISIBILITY IN BUILDING INTERIORS?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berman, S.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    lighting). In comparison general lighting systems usuallywhen used in comparisons of different lighting systems takesand lighting system studied produces a different comparison,

  18. Geological evaluation of Gulf Coast salt domes: overall assessment of the Gulf Interior Region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The three major phases in site characterization and selection are regional studies, area studies, and location studies. This report characterizes regional geologic aspects of the Gulf Coast salt dome basins. It includes general information from published sources on the regional geology; the tectonic, domal, and hydrologic stability; and a brief description the salt domes to be investigated. After a screening exercise, eight domes were chosen for further characterization: Keechi, Oakwood, and Palestine Domes in Texas; Vacherie and Rayburn's domes in North Louisiana; and Cypress Creek and Richton domes in Mississippi. A general description of each, maps of the location, property ownership, and surface geology, and a geologic cross section were presented for each dome.

  19. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    changes in the thickness of the active layer may have profound effects on the flux of green- house gases, long-term changes. The USGS/YRITWC ALN cooperative project was estab- lished with the goal of building permafrost to climate change over long (multi-decadal) time scales. The CALM observational network

  20. Curvilinearity in architecture: emotional effect of curvilinear forms in interior design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madani Nejad, Kayvan

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    -8). ....................................................................................60 4.9 Histograms for (Unpleasant-Pleasant) Non-Architects .....................................61 4.10 Normal Q-Q Plot for (Unpleasant-Pleasant) Non-Architects ............................61 4.11 Box Plots for (Unpleasant-Pleasant) Non...-Pleasant) Architects .............................................66 4.14 Normal Q-Q Plot for (Unpleasant-Pleasant) Architects ....................................66 4.15 Box Plots for (Unpleasant-Pleasant) Architects...

  1. Axial invariance of rapidly varying di usionless motions in the Earth's core interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Recanati, Catherine

    's core, Magneto-hydrodynamic waves, geomagnetic #28;eld, core #29;ow 1 Introduction For the last ten#27;usion time in sharp contrast with the current generation of dynamo solutions. With large magnetic #28;elds, as measured by #3;, only the geostrophic part of the velocity #28;eld, symmetric about

  2. Uni ted States Department ot the Interior J'1 Bh and Wildlife Serrlce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    trawls.operated from steam ~ Diesel powered boats have for many years been one of the primary gears used designed for trawl operation. Bearing in mind that the regular fishing boat used in the Puerto Rican

  3. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ............................................._ Table 2. OTEC study core station information (calcareous ooze).......................24 #12;Table 3. Representative engineering properties of sediment from cores from the OTEC study area for storms affecting the Hawaiian Islands.................30 Figure 4: Location map showing location of OTEC

  4. A Full-Newton Step O(n) Infeasible Interior-Point Algorithm for Linear ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 5, 2005 ... ... which is the working horse in all IPMs. 2 .... Of course, system (3) is still hard to solve, but by applying Newton's method one can easily find...

  5. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regional Ground-Water Flow System, Nevada and California--Hydrogeologic Framework and Transient Ground ...........................................................................268 Storage Properties ...........................................................................268 Hydrogeologic Structures ..................................................................269 Ground

  6. Large scale flows in the solar interior: Effect of asymmetry in peak profiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarbani Basu; H. M. Antia

    1999-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Ring diagram analysis can be used to study large scale velocity fields in the outer part of the solar convection zone. All previous works assume that the peak profiles in the solar oscillation power spectrum are symmetric. However, it has now been demonstrated that the peaks are not symmetric. In this work we study how the explicit use of asymmetric peak profiles in ring-diagram analysis influences the estimated velocity fields. We find that the use of asymmetric profiles leads to significant improvement in the fits, but the estimated velocity fields are not substantially different from those obtained using a symmetric profile to fit the peaks. The resulting velocity fields are compared with those obtained by other investigators.

  7. Helioseismic analysis of the hydrogen partition function in the solar interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Basu; W. Dappen; A. Nayfonov

    1998-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The difference in the adiabatic gradient gamma_1 between inverted solar data and solar models is analyzed. To obtain deeper insight into the issues of plasma physics, the so-called ``intrinsic'' difference in gamma_1 is extracted, that is, the difference due to the change in the equation of state alone. Our method uses reference models based on two equations of state currently used in solar modeling, the Mihalas-Hummer-Dappen (MHD) equation of state, and the OPAL equation of state (developed at Livermore). Solar oscillation frequencies from the SOI/MDI instrument on board the SOHO spacecraft during its first 144 days in operation are used. Our results confirm the existence of a subtle effect of the excited states in hydrogen that was previously studied only theoretically (Nayfonov & Dappen 1998). The effect stems from internal partition function of hydrogen, as used in the MHD equation of state. Although it is a pure-hydrogen effect, it takes place in somewhat deeper layers of the Sun, where more than 90% of hydrogen is ionized, and where the second ionization zone of helium is located. Therefore, the effect will have to be taken into account in reliable helioseismic determinations of the astrophysically relevant helium-abundance of the solar convection zone.

  8. U.S. Department of the Interior March 2013 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . White (Data) Telephone: (703) 648-7986 Fax: (703) 648-7975 E-mail: lwhite@usgs.gov Internet: http. Timah aimed to reduce production costs in 2013 to around $15,000 per metric ton of tin from $16,000 to $18,000 in 2012. Timah's first deep- water bucket-wheel dredge was about to start operation and two

  9. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to replace 30 percent of current gasoline levels by 2030 and (2) reduce ethanol costs to prices that are competitive with gasoline by 2012. The Mississippi Delta--Consequences of Biofuels Production from a Local

  10. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    - pheric moisture to produce volcanic smog (vog) and acid rain. Vog poses a health hazard by aggravating preexist- ing respiratory ailments, and acid rain damages crops and can leach lead into household water acid and other sulfate compounds. Small amounts of several toxic metals, including selenium, mercury

  11. An improved interior-point approach for use in reservoir operation Abbas Seifi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tunel, Levent

    , hydropower generation, water supply, water quality enhance- ment, navigation and recreation. The usefulness-term operation. Reznicek and Simonovic (1990) em- ploy a similar model in their new algorithm for hydropower

  12. UNITED STATES DEPAR.TMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to a clear oil. At this stage the #12;oil is ready for market as crude marine oil. Marine oils have been by filtration, and the filtrate is marketed as light cold- pressed marine oil. Thus, light cold FISHERIES WASHINGTON, D.C. FISHERY LEAFLET 528 #12;MARINE OILS - ') NEW AVENUES FOR VENTURE Marine oils

  13. U.S. Departments of Interior and Energy Release Report on Indian...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and actions. These include the following: the development of comprehensive ROW inventories for tribal lands, the development of model or standard business practices for...

  14. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in cooperation with the Office of the New York State Attorney General Brine Migration from a Flooded Salt Mine 1998 through September 2006 with model A and model B. #12;Brine Migration from a Flooded Salt Mine.D., and Parkhurst, D.L., 2009, Brine migration from a flooded salt mine in the Genesee Valley, Livingston County

  15. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR U.S. FIsH AND WILDLIFE SERVICII

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . FL 359 Manufacturers of equipment for the fish processing industries. FL 374 Freezing and canning Crab pot construction (Chesapeake Bay type). Freezing and canning king crab. Pasteurization of crab meat. Dungeness crab pots . Edible crabs of the United States . FL 498 Culture. handling

  16. A robust primal-dual interior point algorithm for nonlinear programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2002-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    TP044. 16. 1.7296e-13 1.3698e-15 1.0000e-08. 1. TP076. 20. 2.4892e-09 6.8720e-16 7.0000e-08. 1. Summary ... Math. Prog. Stud. 17(1982), pp.67-76. 27

  17. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    to the Eisen- hower Tunnel. (USGS photo/Ed Harp) Landslide Hazards--A National Threat Landslide potential

  18. IChicago, 54, ill. United States Depart111ent of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciny ~unforseen problerr.s require solution.. ,itile the \\:;arly '-lS.:.'~'S ef lockers i11 the Middle .lest were

  19. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, STEWART L. UDALL, SECRETARY Fish and Wildlife Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    " this, verification can bt: made '-)nly by hlsl 'JI " gl " il methods. SOURCE AND RESERVOIR OF INFL' water supply are the usual sour":L', The-.p"r

  20. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    USGS Demonstration Flash-Flood and Debris-Flow Early-Warning System Printed on recycled paper Precipitation a demonstration flash-flood and debris-flow early- warning system for recently burned areas in southern California networks, NWS doppler radars, and satellite estimates. Warning System Operation: The demonstra- tion

  1. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Nelson (U.S. Geological Survey, Golden, CO) and C. Wayne Wright (National Aeronautics and Space of the ground surface. Recently, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) developed

  2. U.S. Department of the Interior March 2014 U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    metal and alloys increased by 14%, imports of semifabricated aluminum products decreased slightly For information, contact: E. Lee Bray, Aluminum Commodity Specialist U.S. Geological Survey 989 National Center://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals ALUMINUM IN DECEMBER 2013 Domestic primary aluminum production in December 2013 was 154,000 metric tons (t

  3. Departments of Energy and Interior Announce $26.6 Million in...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    environmental performance designs to increase electricity generation while mitigating fish and habitat impacts and enhancing downstream water quality. As an example, concepts...

  4. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of U.S. Forest and Soil Organic Carbon Storage and Forest Biomass Carbon Sequestration Capacity #12 and Soil Organic Carbon Storage and Forest Biomass Carbon Sequestration Capacity By Eric T. Sundquist,1 carbon sequestration capacity: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009­1283, 15 p., available

  5. An evaluation of fiber optic intrusion detection systems in interior applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vigil, J.T.

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses the testing and evaluation of four commercially available fiber optic intrusion detection systems. The systems were tested under carpet-type matting and in a vaulted ceiling application. This report will focus on nuisance alarm data and intrusion detection results. Tests were conducted in a mobile office building and in a bunker.

  6. Study AreaIntroduction U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and hydroelectric power operators use their own suite of statistical models to manage power generation within

  7. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    dimetro) de vidrio volcnico, minerales y roca (ceniza), se elevan muy alto en el aire, formando una

  8. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 186 (2011) 8196 The original publication is available at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Peruzzab , D. Schorlemmerc a Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale (OGS), Centro Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale (OGS), Centro Ricerche Sismologiche Borgo Grotta Gigante, 42c - 34010 Oceanografia e Geofisica Sperimentale) during the years 1977­2007, using the Probability-based Magnitude

  9. ) UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . DRY SALTING. AND SMOKmG SAIMON B.y Norman D. Jarvis, Technologist, Branch of Commercial Fisheries Mild are not wanted; (3) the skin must be bright--there must be ne "water marks" or other blemishes, (4) the flesh must not be bruised or broken--there must be no pew marks or other signs of rough handling, (5

  10. U.S. Departments of Energy and Interior Announce Site for Solar...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    energy goals. These projects on BLM land in Nevada can significantly reduce the costs and environmental impacts of utility-scale solar power facilities and demonstrate the...

  11. Protective interior wall and attaching means for a fusion reactor vacuum vessel

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Phelps, R.D.; Upham, G.A.; Anderson, P.M.

    1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The wall basically consists of an array of small rectangular plates attached to the existing walls with threaded fasteners. The protective wall effectively conceals and protects all mounting hardware beneath the plate array, while providing a substantial surface area that will absorb plasma energy.

  12. U.S. Geological Survey U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Reston, Virginia: 2006 For product and ordering information: World Wide Web: http, its natural and living resources, natural hazards, and the environment: World Wide Web: http Sampling ....................................................................................... 5 Deep

  13. Interior Department Awards $3.7 Million to 13 Tribes for Renewable...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Economic Development (IEED) has awarded 3.7 million to 13 tribes that are developing renewable energy resources for their communities. IEED selected six geothermal, four...

  14. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    - es are carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, hydrogen, and fluorine. Sulfur dioxide gas have nearly crashed be- cause of engine failure. Large eruption clouds can extend hundreds of miles

  15. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    Graphite Peat Talc Beryllium Gypsum Perlite Tantalum Bismuth Hafnium Phosphate Rock Tellurium Boron Helium information on the USGS--the Federal source for science about the Earth, its natural and living resources--Reserves and Resources.....................193 Appendix D--Country Specialists Directory...............198 Mineral

  16. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    Lithium Magnesium Manganese Mercury Mica Molybdenum Nickel Nitrogen Peat Perlite Phosphate Rock Platinum Molybdenum Nickel Nitrogen Peat Perlite Phosphate Rock Platinum Potash Pumice Quartz Crystal Rare Earths..............................................................194 Appendix C--A Resource/Reserve Classification for Minerals

  17. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleskes, Joe

    Graphite Peat Talc Beryllium Gypsum Perlite Tantalum Bismuth Hafnium Phosphate Rock Tellurium Boron Helium information on the USGS--the Federal source for science about the Earth, its natural and living resources--Reserves and Resources.....................193 Appendix D--Country Specialists Directory...............197 Mineral

  18. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    Lithium Magnesium Manganese Mercury Mica Molybdenum Nickel Nitrogen Peat Perlite Phosphate Rock Platinum Molybdenum Nickel Nitrogen Peat Perlite Phosphate Rock Platinum Potash Pumice Quartz Crystal Rare Earths..............................................................192 Appendix C--A Resource/Reserve Classification for Minerals

  19. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    Lithium Magnesium Manganese Mercury Mica Molybdenum Nickel Nitrogen Peat Perlite Phosphate Rock Platinum Nickel Stone Barite Germanium Nitrogen Strontium Bauxite Gold Peat Sulfur Beryllium Graphite Perlite Talc, its natural and living resources, natural hazards, and the environment: World Wide Web: http

  20. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    Lithium Magnesium Manganese Mercury Mica Molybdenum Nickel Nitrogen Peat Perlite Phosphate Rock Platinum..............................................................192 Appendix C--A Resource/Reserve Classification for Minerals

  1. LATE GLACIAL LAKES OF THE THOMPSON BASIN, SOUTHERN INTERIOR OF BRITISH COLUMBIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brennand, Tracy

    and Technology. (2012) 46, 3085-3092. Abstract (199 words) The catastrophic failure of the bauxite residue dam

  2. CORRELATION OF MAP UNITS U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Cin-Ty Aeolus

    Strike and dip of joints in igneous rocks Inclined Vertical Strike and dip of joints in metamorphic rocks structural blocks of the northern Peninsular Ranges batholith. Conventional potassium-argon biotite ages blocks separated by the Elsinore and San Jacinto fault zones, was done independently of ages in adjacent

  3. Washi ngton 25, D. C. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fishing, by Verne E. Davison. The Stackpole Company, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 1953. 205 pp. Game Fishes Encyclopedia, by Ira N. Gabrielson and Francesca LaMonte. The Stackpole Company, Harrisburg, Pa., 1950. 698 pp.Y. Advanced Fly Fishing, by Eugene Burns. The Stackpole Company, Harrisburg, Pa. Angler1s Guide to the Fresh

  4. I-united StaU;~ Depi:l.rtmen~t.he Interior, J. A. Krug ,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , such as carbon tetrachloride (saturated with water), into any suitable vessel where the volume of water can be measured. From five to six portions of carbon tetrachloride of 10 to 15 ml. each are used; each portion with additional carbon tetrachloride after the washings from the gel have been introduced, then are stoppered

  5. Collapse: Language, Real Estate, Material Culture, and the Poetics of Interior Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ash, Amy Kierzek

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    , folded under like the lips of an old woman without her dentures. We remember the people on the rooftops, the crude markings on the houses that had been searched. Numbers spray-painted on walls to mark the dead. The old man slumped...

  6. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    demonstrating that wind turbines also affect birds, bats, mammals and their habitats from direct mortality and that are cost-effective and have potential for success. Research Examples: Balancing Wind Energy Development with Wildlife Conservation: Domestic wind power has many benefits, including diversification of the nation

  7. Demand response-enabled autonomous control for interior space conditioning in residential buildings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xue

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Demand Response Autonomous Controlssystem under the context of demand response for residential10] E. Arens et al. , Demand response enabling technology

  8. A system for optimizing interior daylight distribution using reflective Venetian blinds with independent blind angle control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGuire, Molly E

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An operational algorithm for blind angle control is developed to optimize the daylighting performance of a system of reflective Venetian blinds. Numerical modeling and experiment confirm that independent control of alternating ...

  9. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , William C. Burton, Kevin F. Dennehy, Norman G. Grannemann, Tien Grauch, Mary C. Hill, Randall J. Hunt in the U.S. Geological Survey By W.E. Sanford, J.S. Caine, D.A. Wilcox, H.C. McWreath, and J.R. Nicholas Gale A. Norton, Secretary U.S. Geological Survey P. Patrick Leahy, Acting Director U.S. Geological

  10. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilcock, William

    Birmingham Florence Jackson Paducah Louisville Bloomington Peoria Decatur Jonesboro Springfield Pine Bluff

  11. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    . Provide timely and effective image and geospatial analysis. Provide rapid deployment and services access to timely, accurate, and relevant geospatial products, imagery, and services during and after an emergency event. To accomplish this goal, products and services provided by the National Geospatial Program

  12. MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA AND THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and bureaus within the Department will work collaboratively with each other and with other Federal agencies policy goal of producing 33 percent of California's electrical needs with renewable energy sources of renewable energy as one of the Department's highest priorities. In furtherance of this policy, agencies

  13. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the movement of ground water near streams #12;Confluence of Case Creek with Champoeg Creek in the Willamette and gains of surface water to and from ground water. Case Creek is one of six study sites in the Willamette...................................................... 29 Chapter 6 Trout Creek--evaluating ground-water and surface water exchange along an alpine stream

  14. Protective interior wall and attach8ing means for a fusion reactor vacuum vessel

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Phelps, Richard D. (Greeley, CO); Upham, Gerald A. (Valley Center, CA); Anderson, Paul M. (San Diego, CA)

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An array of connected plates mounted on the inside wall of the vacuum vessel of a magnetic confinement reactor in order to provide a protective surface for energy deposition inside the vessel. All fasteners are concealed and protected beneath the plates, while the plates themselves share common mounting points. The entire array is installed with torqued nuts on threaded studs; provision also exists for thermal expansion by mounting each plate with two of its four mounts captured in an oversize grooved spool. A spool-washer mounting hardware allows one edge of a protective plate to be torqued while the other side remains loose, by simply inverting the spool-washer hardware.

  15. Boundary Feedback Stabilization of a Vibrating String with an Interior Point Mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Steve

    belong to a certain invariant subspace of the semigroup of operators that generates the solution invariant subspace of the semigroup of operators that generates the solution of the system, then the energy by scaling the space variable x separately for x 0 so that the wave speed of each wave

  16. Quadratic regularizations in an interior-point method for primal block ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Dept. of Statistics and Operations Research, Universitat Polit`ecnica de Catalunya, Jordi ... Columns n and m report the number of variables and constraints. ...... speed. Note that, using either B, BP, or BQ only changes the dual feasibility of KKT ..... The second type of instances was obtained with the Mnetgen generator [1]. It.

  17. :1~~:'1 :': ~ " 1. ...~ 1 . ~-;.>'!' ).. ' 'O'ldted states Department .t the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .:.':'mo gnirda.:ri1 t ....1LS J.'l C'. silv._ry apPlJar::mco in c;Jl't'1in l'.lkLS much ~.ls thou;;h th", Llk

  18. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and living resources, natural hazards, and the environment: World Wide Web: http://www.usgs.gov Telephone: 1...................................................................................................................................................8 Field Measurement Locations ............................................................................................................8 Water-Quality Sampling Locations

  19. Solution-Procesed Small-Molecule OLED Luminaire for Interior Illumination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parker, Ian

    2012-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Prototype lighting panels and luminaires were fabricated using DuPont Displays?? solution-processed small-molecule OLED technology. These lighting panels were based on a spatially-patterned, 3-color design, similar in concept to an OLED display panel, with materials chosen to maximize device efficacy. The majority of the processing steps take place in air (rather than high vacuum). Optimization of device architecture, processing and construction was undertaken, with a final prototype design of 50 cm{sup 2} being fabricated and tested. Performance of these panels reached 35 lm/W at illuminant-A. A unique feature of this technology is the ability to color tune the emission, and color temperatures ranging from 2700 to > 6,500K were attained in the final build. Significant attention was paid to low-cost fabrication techniques.

  20. From Boson Condensation to Quark Deconfinement: The Many Faces of Neutron Star Interiors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridolin Weber

    1999-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Gravity compresses the matter in the cores of neutron stars to densities which are significantly higher than the density of ordinary atomic nuclei, thus providing a high-pressure environment in which numerous particle processes - from the generation of new baryonic particles to quark deconfinement to the formation of Boson condensates and H-matter - may compete with each other. There are theoretical suggestions of even more `exotic' processes inside pulsars, such as the formation of absolutely stable strange quark matter, a configuration of matter even more stable than the most stable atomic nucleus, iron. In the latter event, neutron stars would be largely composed of pure quark matter, eventually enveloped in nuclear crust matter. No matter which physical processes are actually realized inside neutron stars, each one leads to fingerprints, some more pronounced than others though, in the observable stellar quantities. This feature combined with the tremendous recent progress in observational radio and X-ray astronomy, renders neutron stars to nearly ideal probes for a wide range of dense matter studies, complementing the quest of the behavior of superdense matter in terrestrial collider experiments.

  1. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    --Data Collection at Alviso Slough. Photo by M. Marvin-DiPasquale. Bottom Left--Aerial Photo with Alviso Slough emphasized in blue, modified from GoogleEarthTM image. Bottom Right--Sediment core sample. Photo by M. Cox....................................................................................................4 Multi-Sensor Core Logger

  2. DSM Generation and Interior Orientation Determination of IKONOS Images Using a Testfield in Switzerland*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giger, Christine

    Resolution Earth Imaging for Geospatial Information", May 17-20, 2005, Institute of Photo- grammetry and Geo of the sensor, caused by changes in the relative position of the 3 CCDs forming the virtual CCD line. These errors were verified through a co- operation with Space Imaging and recomputa- tion of the sensor

  3. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MEXICO TEXAS MEXICO 0 50 100 150 200 KILOMETERS EXPLANATION Rio Grande Basin Closed subbasin Basin Reservoirs Rio Grande above Amistad International Reservoir. COLORADO NEW MEXICO TEXAS MEXICO Figure 1. Rio of new contami- nants, and successful efforts in environmental pollution remedi- ation. Historical data

  4. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ..........................................................................................................................4 Operation of the seepage-control system....................................................................................................................................10 Uniformity of flow through sand

  5. Printed on recycled paper U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    20103117 January 2011 Biochar for Soil Fertility and Natural Carbon Sequestration Biochar is charcoal fertility while providing natural carbon sequestration. The incorporation of biochar into soils can preserve of biochar to soil has been proposed as a way to store carbon in the soil for longer periods than if biomass

  6. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Puget Sound: Puget Sound is the second-largest U.S. estuary, and supports a diverse and econom- ically productive ecosystem with immense cultural, commercial, and recreational value. Yet the Puget Sound of our Puget Sound research include investigating how shoreline armoring affects beach-spawning forage

  7. Interior-point solver for convex separable block-angular problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordi Castro

    2014-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Oct 8, 2014 ... Abstract: Constraints matrices with block-angular structures are pervasive in Optimization. ... The preconditioner is based on a power series expansion which ... Category 1: Optimization Software and Modeling Systems.

  8. Applying petroleum geophysics to astrophysics: Quantitative 4D seismic study of the solar interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, Ian

    Applying petroleum geophysics to astrophysics: Quantitative 4D seismic study, is to a significant extent based on tomographic methods developed in geophysics. The proposed time-lapse seismic methods developed in petroleum geophysics offer the next

  9. A Robust Primal-Dual Interior-Point Algorithm for Nonlinear Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xinwei Liu

    2002-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Jan 30, 2002 ... Citation: Manuscript, School of Business, National University of Singapore, 1 Business Link, Singapore 117591, January 2002. Download:...

  10. 2007 Minerals Yearbook2007 Minerals Yearbook U.S. Department of the Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mexico, Arizona, and Idaho, in descending order of production. Gold was produced at lode mines, a few percentages for end use of gold were jewelry and arts, 82%; dental and other, 10%; and electrical States was a net exporter of 279,000 kg of bullion in 2007. The increase in exports was caused

  11. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR BUREAU OF SPORT FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    young turtles come from the southern States, eapecia.1.1y Louisiana, "mere collectors car>ture the baby"Llth can. be provided by hang- ing over the aquarium a 40- or 60-l:"att electric bulb YTith metal reflector

  12. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleskes, Joe

    focused attention on uranium and nuclear energy. Currently, there are 104 U.S. nuclear reactors, which that increased uranium min- ing could have negative impacts on the land, water, people, and wildlife. During a 2 release toxic and hazardous substances to the environment. These include uranium itself, which is a toxic

  13. United States Department of the Interior U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    bioenergetics modeling approaches. Finally, we eliminated all sampling of native northern pikeminnow by Predation Workshop participants. In summary, while the previously proposed telemetry and bioenergetics

  14. Demand response-enabled autonomous control for interior space conditioning in residential buildings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xue

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is in pre-cooling/pre-heating state, another future-price-in the pre-cooling/pre-heating state, the future requirementthe pre-cooling state and the pre-conditioning for future

  15. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    be thought of as a measure of the suitability of water for a particular use based on selected physical, chemical, and biological characteristics. To determine water quality, scientists first measure and analyze. Selected characteristics are then compared to numeric standards and guidelines to decide if the water

  16. A PROCEDURE FOR CALCULATING INTERIOR DAYLIGHT ILLUMINATION WITH A PROGRAMMABLE HAND CALCULATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryan, H.J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    within a room utilizing sky luminance distribution functionsis a function of the sky luminance, the window transmission,normal. The CIE Standard Sky luminance function 4 is given

  17. A polynomial-time interior-point method for conic optimization, with ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Institute for Systems ... method for linear optimization problems can in principle be applied to conic optimization ...... projective method, Mathematical Programming 36 (1986), 183

  18. Full Nesterov-Todd Step Primal-Dual Interior-Point Methods for ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Department of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science, ... SOCO problem directly has much better complexity than an IPM applied to the...

  19. A Primal-Dual Interior-Point Method for Nonlinear Programming with ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2002-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Jul 19, 2002 ... ?Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Institute for Systems Re- .... Herskovits and others [15, 16, 17]; see [18] for a detailed historical account

  20. Maps and masses of transiting exoplanets : towards new insights into atmospheric and interior properties of planets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Wit, Julien

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With over 1800 planets discovered outside of the Solar System in the past two decades, the field of exoplanetology has broadened our perspective on planetary systems. Research priorities are now moving from planet detection ...