Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Shallow intraplate earthquakes in Western Australia observed by Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shallow intraplate earthquakes in Western Australia observed by Interferometric Synthetic Aperture earthquakes in a stable continental region of southwest Western Australia. Both small-magnitude events occur with tectonic processes in this area of Western Australia often initiate in the upper 1 km of crust. Citation

Tregoning, Paul

2

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced synthetic aperture Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

APERTURE MICROSCOPY: PHYSICS-BASED IMAGE RECONSTRUCTION FROM OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY DATA Summary: INTERFEROMETRIC SYNTHETIC APERTURE MICROSCOPY: PHYSICS-BASED IMAGE...

3

Iterative synthetic aperture radar imaging algorithms   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic aperture radar is an important tool in a wide range of civilian and military imaging applications. This is primarily due to its ability to image in all weather conditions, during both the day and the night, ...

Kelly, Shaun Innes

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

4

Performance limits for Synthetic Aperture Radar.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The performance of a Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) system depends on a variety of factors, many which are interdependent in some manner. It is often difficult to ''get your arms around'' the problem of ascertaining achievable performance limits, and yet those limits exist and are dictated by physics, no matter how bright the engineer tasked to generate a system design. This report identifies and explores those limits, and how they depend on hardware system parameters and environmental conditions. Ultimately, this leads to a characterization of parameters that offer optimum performance for the overall SAR system. For example, there are definite optimum frequency bands that depend on weather conditions and range, and minimum radar PRF for a fixed real antenna aperture dimension is independent of frequency. While the information herein is not new to the literature, its collection into a single report hopes to offer some value in reducing the ''seek time''.

Doerry, Armin Walter

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Synthetic aperture radar processing with tiered subapertures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is used to form images that are maps of radar reflectivity of some scene of interest, from range soundings taken over some spatial aperture. Additionally, the range soundings are typically synthesized from a sampled frequency aperture. Efficient processing of the collected data necessitates using efficient digital signal processing techniques such as vector multiplies and fast implementations of the Discrete Fourier Transform. Inherent in image formation algorithms that use these is a trade-off between the size of the scene that can be acceptably imaged, and the resolution with which the image can be made. These limits arise from migration errors and spatially variant phase errors, and different algorithms mitigate these to varying degrees. Two fairly successful algorithms for airborne SARs are Polar Format processing, and Overlapped Subaperture (OSA) processing. This report introduces and summarizes the analysis of generalized Tiered Subaperture (TSA) techniques that are a superset of both Polar Format processing and OSA processing. It is shown how tiers of subapertures in both azimuth and range can effectively mitigate both migration errors and spatially variant phase errors to allow virtually arbitrary scene sizes, even in a dynamic motion environment.

Doerry, A.W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Synthetic Aperture Radar Dept.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Motion Measurement for Synthetic Aperture Radar.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) measures radar soundings from a set of locations typically along the flight path of a radar platform vehicle. Optimal focusing requires precise knowledge of the sounding source locations in 3 - D space with respect to the target scene. Even data driven focusing techniques (i.e. autofocus) requires some degree of initial fidelity in the measurements of the motion of the radar. These requirements may be quite stringent especially for fine resolution, long ranges, and low velocities. The principal instrument for measuring motion is typically an Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU), but these instruments have inherent limi ted precision and accuracy. The question is %22How good does an IMU need to be for a SAR across its performance space?%22 This report analytically relates IMU specifications to parametric requirements for SAR. - 4 - Acknowledgements Th e preparation of this report is the result of a n unfunded research and development activity . Although this report is an independent effort, it draws heavily from limited - release documentation generated under a CRADA with General Atomics - Aeronautical System, Inc. (GA - ASI), and under the Joint DoD/DOE Munitions Program Memorandum of Understanding. Sandia National Laboratories is a multi - program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of En ergy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE - AC04 - 94AL85000.

Doerry, Armin W.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry with 3 satellites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Our study investigates interferometric SAR (InSAR) post-processing height retrieval techniques. We explore the possible improvements by adding a third satellite to the two already in orbit, and examine some potential uses ...

Wong, Wallace D. (Wallace Dazheng)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging with Motion Estimation and Liliana Borcea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Callaghan George Papanicolaou Abstract We introduce from first principles a synthetic aperture radar (SAR calibrated small apertures, (b) preliminary motion estimation from the data using the Wigner transform-band persistent surveillance SAR is a specific application that is covered by our analysis. Detailed numerical

Papanicolaou, George C.

9

Synthetic aperture design for increased SAR image rate  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

High resolution SAR images of a target scene at near video rates can be produced by using overlapped, but nevertheless, full-size synthetic apertures. The SAR images, which respectively correspond to the apertures, can be analyzed in sequence to permit detection of movement in the target scene.

Bielek, Timothy P. (Albuquerque, NM); Thompson, Douglas G. (Albuqerque, NM); Walker, Bruce C. (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

10

A comparison of spotlight synthetic aperture radar image formation techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spotlight synthetic aperture radar images can be formed from the complex phase history data using two main techniques: (1) polar-to-cartesian interpolation followed by two-dimensional inverse Fourier transform (2DFFT), and (2) convolution backprojection (CBP). CBP has been widely used to reconstruct medical images in computer aided tomography, and only recently has been applied to form synthetic aperture radar imagery. It is alleged that CBP yields higher quality images because (1) all the Fourier data are used and (2) the polar formatted data is used directly to form a 2D Cartesian image and therefore 2D interpolation is not required. This report compares the quality of images formed by CBP and several modified versions of the 2DFFT method. We show from an image quality point of view that CBP is equivalent to first windowing the phase history data and then interpolating to an exscribed rectangle. From a mathematical perspective, we should expect this conclusion since the same Fourier data are used to form the SAR image. We next address the issue of parallel implementation of each algorithm. We dispute previous claims that CBP is more readily parallelizable than the 2DFFT method. Our conclusions are supported by comparing execution times between massively parallel implementations of both algorithms, showing that both experience similar decreases in computation time, but that CBP takes significantly longer to form an image.

Knittle, C.D.; Doren, N.E.; Jakowatz, C.V.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Spatially Interpolated Nonlinear Anodization in Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spatially Interpolated Nonlinear Anodization in Synthetic Aperture Original formulation of spatially variant anodization for complex synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery oversampled at twice the Nyquist rate (2.OX). Here we report a spatially interpolating, noninteger-oversampled SVA sidelobe. The pixel's apparent IPR location is assessed by comparing its value to the sum of its value plus weighted comparable for exact interpolation. However, exact interpolation implies an ideal sine interpolator3 and large components may not be necessary. Note that P is the summation of IPR diagonal values. The value of a sine IPR on the diagonals is a sine-squared; values much less than cardinal direction (m, n) values. This implies that cardinal direction interpolation requires higher precision than diagonal interpolation. Consequently, we employed a smaller set. The spatially interpolated SVA used an 8-point/4-point sine interpolator described above. Table 1 shows the Table 1 results show a two-times speed-up using the 1.3x oversampled and spatially interpolated SVA over the Figure 1d. Detected results of 1.3x oversampled sine interpolated spatially variant

Eichel, Paul H.; Jakowatz, Jr., Charles V.; Yocky, David A.

1999-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

12

Inverse-synthetic-aperture imaging of trees over a ground plane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent data collections with the Sandia VHF-UHF synthetic-aperture radar have yielded surprising results; trees appear brighter in the images than expected! In an effort to understand this phenomenon, various small trees have been measured on the Sandia folded compact range with the inverse-synthetic-aperture imaging system. A compilation of these measurements is contained in this report.

Zittel, D.H.; Brock, B.C.; Littlejohn, J.H.; Patitz, W.E.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Lynx: A High-Resolution Synthetic Aperture Radar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lynx is a high resolution, synthetic aperture radar (SAR) that has been designed and built by Sandia National Laboratories in collaboration with General Atomics (GA). Although Lynx may be operated on a wide variety of manned and unmanned platforms, it is primarily intended to be fielded on unmanned aerial vehicles. In particular, it may be operated on the Predator, I-GNAT, or Prowler II platforms manufactured by GA Aeronautical Systems, Inc. The Lynx production weight is less than 120 lb. and has a slant range of 30 km (in 4 mm/hr rain). It has operator selectable resolution and is capable of 0.1 m resolution in spotlight mode and 0.3 m resolution in stripmap mode. In ground moving target indicator mode, the minimum detectable velocity is 6 knots with a minimum target cross-section of 10 dBsm. In coherent change detection mode, Lynx makes registered, complex image comparisons either of 0.1 m resolution (minimum) spotlight images or of 0.3 m resolution (minimum) strip images. The Lynx user interface features a view manager that allows it to pan and zoom like a video camera. Lynx was developed under corporate finding from GA and will be manufactured by GA for both military and commercial applications. The Lynx system architecture will be presented and some of its unique features will be described. Imagery at the finest resolutions in both spotlight and strip modes have been obtained and will also be presented.

Doerry, A.W.; Hensley, W.H.; Pace, F.; Stence, J.; Tsunoda, S.I.; Walker, B.C.; Woodring, M.

1999-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

14

Synthetic aperture radar and interferometry development at Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Environmental monitoring, earth-resource mapping, and military systems require broad-area imaging at high resolutions. Many times the imagery must be acquired in inclement weather or during night as well as day. Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) provides such a capability. SAR systems take advantage of the long-range propagation characteristics of radar signals and the complex information processing capability of modern digital electronics to provide high resolution imagery. SAR complements photographic and other optical imaging capabilities because of the minimum constrains on time-of-day and atmospheric conditions and because of the unique responses of terrain and cultural targets to radar frequencies. Interferometry is a method for generating a three-dimensional image of terrain. The height projection is obtained by acquiring two SAR images from two slightly differing locations. It is different from the common method of stereoscopic imaging for topography. The latter relies on differing geometric projections for triangulation to define the surface geometry whereas interferometry relies on differences in radar propagation times between the two SAR locations. This paper presents the capabilities of SAR, explains how SAR works, describes a few SAR applications, provides an overview of SAR development at Sandia, and briefly describes the motion compensation subsystem.

NONE

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Focused synthetic aperture radar processing of ice-sounder data collected over the Greenland ice sheet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We developed a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) processing algorithm for airborne/spaceborne ice-sounding radar systems and applied it to data collected in Greenland. By using focused SAR (phase-corrected coherent averaging), we improved along...

Legarsky, J.; Gogineni, Sivaprasad; Akins, T. L.

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging with Motion Estimation and , T. Callaghan1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

principles a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging and target motion estimation method that is combined of the data into properly calibrated small apertures, (b) motion or platform trajectory perturbation estimation process. X-band persistent surveillance SAR is a specific application that is covered by our

Borcea, Liliana

17

Basics of Polar-Format algorithm for processing Synthetic Aperture Radar images.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to provide a background to Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) image formation using the Polar Format (PFA) processing algorithm. This is meant to be an aid to those tasked to implement real-time image formation using the Polar Format processing algorithm.

Doerry, Armin Walter

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Change Detection Using Synthetic Aperture Sonar: Preliminary Results from the Larvik Trial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

detection technology for autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) equipped with synthetic aperture sonars (SAS of route survey with unmanned systems, this means repeatedly surveying ports and important transit routes the processing have been proposed, however the field as applied to the underwater environment remains in its

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

19

IFP V4.0:a polar-reformatting image formation processor for synthetic aperture radar.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

IFP V4.0 is the fourth generation of an extraordinarily powerful and flexible image formation processor for spotlight mode synthetic aperture radar. It has been successfully utilized in processing phase histories from numerous radars and has been instrumental in the development of many new capabilities for spotlight mode SAR. This document provides a brief history of the development of IFP, a full exposition of the signal processing steps involved, and a short user's manual for the software implementing this latest iteration.

Eichel, Paul H.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Assessment of radial image distortion and spherical aberration on three-dimensional synthetic aperture particle image velocimetry measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a numerical study of the effects of radial image distortion and spherical aberration on reconstruction quality of synthetic aperture particle image velocimetry (SAPIV) measurements. A simulated SAPIV ...

Kubaczyk, Daniel Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Multi-baseline interferometric synthetic aperture radar applications and error analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we deal primarily with the multi-baseline SAR configuration utilizing three satellites. Two applications of InSAR, multi-baseline height retrieval and multi-baseline compensation of CCD's slope biasing ...

Chua, Song Liang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) for Fine-resolution Basal Ice Sheet Imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-pass mode geometry R 1 R 2 Target RTOT1 = R1 + R1 RTOT2 = R2 + R2 TX1/RX1 TX2/RX2 a = 2(R1 - R2)/(R1 - R2) = 2 RTOT1 - RTOT2= 2(R1 - R2) Figure 2.2: Single-pass InSAR geometry R 1 R 2 Target RTOT1 = R1 + R1 RTOT2 = R1 + R2 TX1/RX1 RX2 a = (R1 - R2)/(R1... receiver. Page 22 of 104 Figure 2.4: Ping-pong mode geometry R 1 R 2 Target RTOT1 = R1 + R1 RTOT2 = R2 + R2 TX1/RX1 TX2/RX2 a = 2(R1 - R2)/(R1 - R2) = 2 RTOT1 - RTOT2= 2(R1 - R2) 2.3 InSAR ?R Relationship Next looking only at the geometry involving B...

Blake, William Arthur

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

23

Feasibility study for mapping the polar ice bottom topography using interferometric synthetic-aperture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

affecting Newton's inverse square law for gravitation, an extensive series of RES measurements were made and modifies the components of the gravitationally induced stress through local basal surface slope. While

Kansas, University of

24

Correction of motion measurement errors beyond the range resolution of a synthetic aperture radar  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Motion measurement errors that extend beyond the range resolution of a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) can be corrected by effectively decreasing the range resolution of the SAR in order to permit measurement of the error. Range profiles can be compared across the slow-time dimension of the input data in order to estimate the error. Once the error has been determined, appropriate frequency and phase correction can be applied to the uncompressed input data, after which range and azimuth compression can be performed to produce a desired SAR image.

Doerry, Armin W. (Albuquerque, NM); Heard, Freddie E. (Albuquerque, NM); Cordaro, J. Thomas (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

25

A novel synthetic aperture technique for breast tomography with toroidal arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ultrasound is commonly used as an adjunct to mammography for diagnostic evaluation of suspicions arising from breast cancer screening. As an alternative to conventional sonography that uses hand-held transducers, toroidal array probes that encircle the breast immersed in a water bath have been investigated for ultrasound tomography. This paper introduces a new method for three-dimensional synthetic aperture diffraction tomography that maximizes the resolution in the scanning direction and provides quantitative reconstructions of the acoustic properties of the object. The method is validated by means of numerical simulations.

Huang, Lianjie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Simonetti, Francesco [IMPERIAL COLLEGE

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

A model for forming airborne synthetic aperture radar images of underground targets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) from an airborne platform has been proposed for imaging targets beneath the earth`s surface. The propagation of the radar`s energy within the ground, however, is much different than in the earth`s atmosphere. The result is signal refraction, echo delay, propagation losses, dispersion, and volumetric scattering. These all combine to make SAR image formation from an airborne platform much more challenging than a surface imaging counterpart. This report treats the ground as a lossy dispersive half-space, and presents a model for the radar echo based on measurable parameters. The model is then used to explore various imaging schemes, and image properties. Dynamic range is discussed, as is the impact of loss on dynamic range. Modified window functions are proposed to mitigate effects of sidelobes of shallow targets overwhelming deeper targets.

Doerry, A.W.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Abstract--In the design of a spaceborne Synthetic Aperture RADAR mission with multiple modes and swaths, like the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the modes. Index Terms-- Synthetic Aperture Radar, STRIPMAP, TOPSAR. Conference topic: SAR/ISAR I Sophia-Antipolis cedex, France. mail: lorenzo.maggi@eurecom.fr calibration and the processing. In order of a spaceborne SAR. Let us refer to the geometry of Fig. 1.a, where we assumed for simplicity flat earth

Gesbert, David

28

ieee transactions on ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, and frequency control, vol. 54, no. 7, july 2007 1399 An Implementation of Synthetic Aperture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), they are relatively unknown in medical applications and nondestructive evaluation (NDE) of materials. Only a simple time-domain SAFT (t-d SAFT) has been applied in NDE for detection and characterization of defects as on the size of the transducer used in synthetic aperture [3]. Usually, the NDE and medical SAFT

29

Synthetic Aperture and 3D Imaging for Mine Hunting Sonar F. Florin F. Fohanno I. Quidu J.-P. Malkasse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for various existing systems as hull mounted sonar and unmanned underwater vehicles : synthetic aperture.-P. Malkasse Thales Underwater Systems Route de sainte Anne du Portzic, CS 43814, 29238 Brest cedex 3, France to an acceptable level. These MCM operations require resources (sonar, sweep, vehicle,...) that are necessary

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

30

Discontinuous Non-Rigid Motion Analysis of Sea Ice using C-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar Satellite Imagery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Discontinuous Non-Rigid Motion Analysis of Sea Ice using C-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar Satellite@cis.udel.edu Cathleen Geiger Snow and Ice Branch USACRREL 72 Lyme Rd, Hanover, NH 03755 cathleen@cis.udel.edu Abstract Sea-ice motion consists of complex non-rigid motions in- volving continuous, piece-wise continuous

Delaware, University of

31

A High Resolution, Light-Weight, Synthetic Aperture Radar for UAV Application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

(U) Sandia National Laboratories in collaboration with General Atomics (GA) has designed and built a high resolution, light-weight, Ku-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) known as "Lynx". Although Lynx can be operated on a wide variety of manned and unmanned platforms, its design is optimized for use on medium altitude Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVS). In particular, it can be operated on the Predator, I-GNAT, and Prowler II platforms manufactured by GA. (U) The radar production weight is less than 120 lb and operates within a 3 GHz band from 15.2 GHz to 18.2 GHz with a peak output power of 320 W. Operating range is resolution and mode dependent but can exceed 45 km in adverse weather (4 mm/hr rain). Lynx has operator selectable resolution and is capable of 0.1 m resolution in spotlight mode and 0.3 m resolution in stripmap mode, over substantial depression angles (5 to 60 deg) and squint angles (broadside ±45 deg). Real-time Motion Compensation is implemented to allow high-quality image formation even during vehicle turns and other maneuvers.

Doerry, A.W.; Hensley, W.H.; Stence, J.; Tsunoda, S.I. Pace, F.; Walker, B,C.; Woodring, M.

1999-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

32

3D synthetic aperture PIV measurements from artificial vibrating vocal folds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

During speech, air from the lungs is forced past the vocal folds which vibrate, producing sound. A pulsatile jet of air is formed downstream of the vibrating folds which interacts with the various structures in the airway. Currently, it is postulated that the way this jet interacts with the downstream structures in the airway directly affects the quality of human speech. In order to better understand this jet, it is desirable to visualize the jet in three dimensions. We present the results of a method that reconstructs the three dimensional velocity field using Synthetic aperture PIV (SAPIV) \\cite{Belden:2010}. SAPIV uses an array of high-speed cameras to artificially create a single camera with a variable focal length. This is accomplished by overlapping the images from the array to create a "focal stack". As the images are increasingly overlapped, more distant image planes come into focus. 3D PIV is then performed on the "refocused" focal stack to reconstruct the flow field in three dimensions. SAPIV has th...

Daily, Jesse; Belden, Jesse; Thomson, Scott; Truscott, Tadd

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

On the detection of crevasses in glacial ice with synthetic-aperture radar.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The intent of this study is to provide an analysis of the scattering from a crevasse in Antarctic ice, utilizing a physics-based model for the scattering process. Of primary interest is a crevasse covered with a snow bridge, which makes the crevasse undetectable in visible-light images. It is demonstrated that a crevasse covered with a snow bridge can be visible in synthetic-aperture-radar (SAR) images. The model of the crevasse and snow bridge incorporates a complex dielectric permittivity model for dry snow and ice that takes into account the density profile of the glacier. The surface structure is based on a fractal model that can produce sastrugi-like features found on the surface of Antarctic glaciers. Simulated phase histories, computed with the Shooting and Bouncing Ray (SBR) method, are processed into SAR images. The viability of the SBR method for predicting scattering from a crevasse covered with a snow bridge is demonstrated. Some suggestions for improving the model are given.

Brock, Billy C.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Method and apparatus for reducing range ambiguity in synthetic aperture radar  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A modified Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) system with reduced sensitivity to range ambiguities, and which uses secondary receiver channels to detect the range ambiguous signals and subtract them from the signal received by the main channel. Both desired and range ambiguous signals are detected by a main receiver and by one or more identical secondary receivers. All receivers are connected to a common antenna with two or more feed systems offset in elevation (e.g., a reflector antenna with multiple feed horns or a phased array with multiple phase shift networks. The secondary receiver output(s) is (are) then subtracted from the main receiver output in such a way as to cancel the ambiguous signals while only slightly attenuating the desired signal and slightly increasing the noise in the main channel, and thus does not significantly affect the desired signal. This subtraction may be done in real time, or the outputs of the receivers may be recorded separately and combined during signal processing.

Kare, Jordin T. (San Ramon, CA)

1999-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

35

Imaging targets embedded in a lossy half space with Synthetic Aperture Radar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper addresses theoretical aspects of forming images from an airborne Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) of targets buried below the earth`s surface. Soil is generally a lossy, dispersive medium, with wide ranging variability in these attributes depending on soil type, moisture content, and a host of other physical properties. Focussing a SAR subsurface image presents new dimensions of complexity relative to its surface-image counterpart, even when the soil`s properties are known. This paper treats the soil as a lossy, dispersive half space, and presents a practical model for the radar echo-delay time to point scatterers within it. This model is then used to illustrate effects of refraction, dispersion, and attenuation on a SAR`s phase histories, and the resulting image. Various data collection geometries and processing strategies are examined for both 2-Dimensional and 3-Dimensional SAR images. The conclusions from this work are that (1) focussing a SAR image must generally take into account both refraction and dispersion, (2) resolving targets at different depths in lossy soils requires perhaps unprecedented sidelobe attenuation, that for some soils may only be achievable with specialized window functions, (3) the impulse response of the soil itself places a practical limit on the usable bandwidth of the radar, and (4) dynamic ranges and sensitivities will need to be orders of magnitude greater than typical surface-imaging SARs, leading to significant impact on SAR parameters, for example compressing the usable range of pulse repetition frequencies (PRFs).

Doerry, A.W.; Brock, B.C.; Boverie, B.; Cress, D.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

SNM neutron detection using a time-gated synthetic aperture hybrid approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work focuses on using forward and adjoint transport in a hybrid application of 3-D deterministic (PENTRAN) and Monte Carlo (MCNP5) codes to model a series of neutron detector blocks. These blocks, or 'channels, ' contain a unique set of moderators with 4 atm He-3 detectors tuned to detect and profile a gross energy spectrum of a passing neutron (SNM) source. Ganging the units together as a large area system enables one to apply time gating the source-detector response to maximize signal to noise responses from a passing source with minimal background; multiple units may be positioned as a collective synthetic aperture detector array to be used as a way of performing real time neutron spectroscopy for detecting special nuclear materials in moving vehicles. The initial design, detector response coupling, confirmation of initial design functionality using adjoint transport calculations, and realistic simulation using PENTRAN and MCNP5 are presented. Future work will include optimization and application to realistic scenarios and additional sources. (authors)

Molinar, M.; Yi, C.; Edgar, C. A.; Manalo, K.; Chin, M.; Sjoden, G. [Nuclear and Radiological Engineering Program, George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 770 State Street, Atlanta GA 30332-0745 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Final Report: Detection and Characterization of Underground Facilities by Stochastic Inversion and Modeling of Data from the New Generation of Synthetic Aperture Satellites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many clandestine development and production activities can be conducted underground to evade surveillance. The purpose of the study reported here was to develop a technique to detect underground facilities by broad-area search and then to characterize the facilities by inversion of the collected data. This would enable constraints to be placed on the types of activities that would be feasible at each underground site, providing a basis the design of targeted surveillance and analysis for more complete characterization. Excavation of underground cavities causes deformation in the host material and overburden that produces displacements at the ground surface. Such displacements are often measurable by a variety of surveying or geodetic techniques. One measurement technique, Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR), uses data from satellite-borne (or airborne) synthetic aperture radars (SARs) and so is ideal for detecting and measuring surface displacements in denied access regions. Depending on the radar frequency and the acquisition mode and the surface conditions, displacement maps derived from SAR interferograms can provide millimeter- to centimeter-level measurement accuracy on regional and local scales at spatial resolution of {approx}1-10 m. Relatively low-resolution ({approx}20 m, say) maps covering large regions can be used for broad-area detection, while finer resolutions ({approx}1 m) can be used to image details of displacement fields over targeted small areas. Surface displacements are generally expected to be largest during or a relatively short time after active excavation, but, depending on the material properties, measurable displacement may continue at a decreasing rate for a considerable time after completion. For a given excavated volume in a given geological setting, the amplitude of the surface displacements decreases as the depth of excavation increases, while the area of the discernable displacement pattern increases. Therefore, the ability to detect evidence for an underground facility using InSAR depends on the displacement sensitivity and spatial resolution of the interferogram, as well as on the size and depth of the facility and the time since its completion. The methodology development described in this report focuses on the exploitation of synthetic aperture radar data that are available commercially from a number of satellite missions. Development of the method involves three components: (1) Evaluation of the capability of InSAR to detect and characterize underground facilities ; (2) inversion of InSAR data to infer the location, depth, shape and volume of a subsurface facility; and (3) evaluation and selection of suitable geomechanical forward models to use in the inversion. We adapted LLNL's general-purpose Bayesian Markov Chain-Monte Carlo procedure, the 'Stochastic Engine' (SE), to carry out inversions to characterize subsurface void geometries. The SE performs forward simulations for a large number of trial source models to identify the set of models that are consistent with the observations and prior constraints. The inverse solution produced by this kind of stochastic method is a posterior probability density function (pdf) over alternative models, which forms an appropriate input to risk-based decision analyses to evaluate subsequent response strategies. One major advantage of a stochastic inversion approach is its ability to deal with complex, non-linear forward models employing empirical, analytical or numerical methods. However, while a geomechanical model must incorporate adequate physics to enable sufficiently accurate prediction of surface displacements, it must also be computationally fast enough to render the large number of forward realizations needed in stochastic inversion feasible. This latter requirement prompted us first to investigate computationally efficient empirical relations and closed-form analytical solutions. However, our evaluation revealed severe limitations in the ability of existing empirical and analytical forms to predict deformations from undergro

Foxall, W; Cunningham, C; Mellors, R; Templeton, D; Dyer, K; White, J

2012-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

38

Volumetric analysis of fish swimming hydrodynamics using synthetic aperture particle image velocimetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract This thesis details the implementation of a three-dimensional PIV system to study the hydrodynamics of freely swimming Giant Danio (Danio aequipinnatus). Volumetric particle fields are reconstructed using synthetic ...

Mendelson, Leah Rose

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Interferometric SAR phase difference calibration: Methods and results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper addresses the steps necessary to determine and maintain the phase calibration of a two-channel interferometric synthetic aperture radar (IFSAR). The method, setup, and accuracy of four different calibration techniques are compared. The most novel technique involves pointing the interferometric baseline at nadir and imaging a lake surface. The other techniques include measuring various flat surfaces in traditional side-looking IFSAR maps, in-flight closed-loop calibration path measurements, and static laboratory measurements. Initial results indicate that, using combinations of these measurements, it is possible to maintain the interferometric phase calibration of Sandia National Laboratories` K{sub U} Band IFSAR to better than 3 degrees. The time variability of various parts of the calibration and requirements for recalibration are also discussed.

Bickel, D.L.; Hensley, W.H.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

40

Three-dimensional subsurface imaging synthetic aperture radar (3D SISAR). Final report, September 22, 1993--September 22, 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The concept developed under this applied research and development contract is a novel Ground Penetrating Radar system capable of remotely detecting, analyzing, and mapping buried waste containers from a mobile platform. From the testing and analysis performed to date, the 3-D SISAR has achieved the detection, accurate location, and three-dimensional imaging of buried test objects from a stand-off geometry. Tests have demonstrated that underground objects have been located to within 0.1 meter of their actual position. This work validates that the key elements of the approach are performing as anticipated. The stand-off synthetic aperture radar (SAR) methodology has been demonstrated to be a feasible approach as a remote sensing technique. The radar sensor constructed under this project is providing adequate quality data for imaging, and the matched filters have been demonstrated to provide enhanced target detection. Additional work is on-going in the area of underground propagation and scattering phenomena to provide enhanced depth performance, as the current imaging results have been limited to a few feet of depth underground.

NONE

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Design and implementation of a Synthetic Aperture Radar for Open Skies (SAROS) aboard a C-135 aircraft  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NATO and former Warsaw Pact nations have agreed to allow overflights of their countries in the interest of easing world tension. The United States has decided to implement two C-135 aircraft with a Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) that has a 3-meter resolution. This work is being sponsored by the Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA) and will be operational in Fall 1995. Since the SAR equipment must be exportable to foreign nations, a 20-year-old UPD-8 analog SAR system was selected as the front-end and refurbished for this application by Loral Defense Systems. Data processing is being upgraded to a currently exportable digital design by Sandia National Laboratories. Amplitude and phase histories will be collected during these overflights and digitized on VHS cassettes. Ground stations will use reduction algorithms to process the data and convert it to magnitude-detected images for member nations. System Planning Corporation is presently developing a portable ground station for use on the demonstration flights. Aircraft integration into the C-135 aircraft is being done by the Air Force at Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio.

Cooper, D.W.; Murphy, M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Rimmel, G. [Loral Defense Systems, Litchfield, AZ (United States)

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Imaging synthetic aperture radar  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A linear-FM SAR imaging radar method and apparatus to produce a real-time image by first arranging the returned signals into a plurality of subaperture arrays, the columns of each subaperture array having samples of dechirped baseband pulses, and further including a processing of each subaperture array to obtain coarse-resolution in azimuth, then fine-resolution in range, and lastly, to combine the processed subapertures to obtain the final fine-resolution in azimuth. Greater efficiency is achieved because both the transmitted signal and a local oscillator signal mixed with the returned signal can be varied on a pulse-to-pulse basis as a function of radar motion. Moreover, a novel circuit can adjust the sampling location and the A/D sample rate of the combined dechirped baseband signal which greatly reduces processing time and hardware. The processing steps include implementing a window function, stabilizing either a central reference point and/or all other points of a subaperture with respect to doppler frequency and/or range as a function of radar motion, sorting and compressing the signals using a standard fourier transforms. The stabilization of each processing part is accomplished with vector multiplication using waveforms generated as a function of radar motion wherein these waveforms may be synthesized in integrated circuits. Stabilization of range migration as a function of doppler frequency by simple vector multiplication is a particularly useful feature of the invention; as is stabilization of azimuth migration by correcting for spatially varying phase errors prior to the application of an autofocus process.

Burns, Bryan L. (Tijeras, NM); Cordaro, J. Thomas (Albuquerque, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Comparing range data across the slow-time dimension to correct motion measurement errors beyond the range resolution of a synthetic aperture radar  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Motion measurement errors that extend beyond the range resolution of a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) can be corrected by effectively decreasing the range resolution of the SAR in order to permit measurement of the error. Range profiles can be compared across the slow-time dimension of the input data in order to estimate the error. Once the error has been determined, appropriate frequency and phase correction can be applied to the uncompressed input data, after which range and azimuth compression can be performed to produce a desired SAR image.

Doerry, Armin W. (Albuquerque, NM); Heard, Freddie E. (Albuquerque, NM); Cordaro, J. Thomas (Albuquerque, NM)

2010-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

44

1008 ieee transactions on ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, and frequency control, vol. 53, no. 5, may 2006 An Iterative Synthetic Aperture Imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

characteristics, or the minimum trans- mitted acoustical power required for obtaining a sufficient signal are with Uppsala University, Signals and Systems group, Uppsala, Sweden (e-mail: ew@signal.uu.se). An attempt wave is assumed to be located in the focal point of the aperture. The virtual source technique has been

45

Development of a folded compact range and its application in performing coherent change detection and interferometric ISAR measurement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A folded compact range configuration has been developed at the Sandia National Laboratories` compact range antenna and radar cross section measurement facility as a means of performing indoor, environmentally controlled far-field simulations of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) measurements of distributed target samples (i.e. gravel, sand, etc.). In particular, the folded compact range configuration has been used to perform both highly sensitive coherent change detection (CCD) measurements and interferometric inverse synthetic aperture radar (IFSAR) measurements, which, in addition to the two-dimensional spatial resolution afforded by typical interferometric SAR (ISAR) processing, provides resolution of the relative height of targets with accuracies on the order of a wavelength. This paper describes the development of the folded compact range, as well as the coherent change detection and interferometric measurements that have been made with the system. The measurement have been very successful, and have demonstrated not only the viability of the folded compact range concept in simulating SAR CCD and IFSAR measurements, but also its usefulness as a tool in the research and development of SAR CCD and IFSAR image generation and measurement methodologies.

Sorensen, K.W.; Zittel, D.H. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Littlejohn, J.H. [Geo-Centers, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Deployable Synthetic Aperture Radar Reflector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) satellite. The structure consists of four cylindrical surfaces formed from thin sheets of carbon-fibre-reinforced-plastic (CFRP) connected by flexible hinges along the edges. The key to forming a cylindrical surface with any. At full scale the reflective surface will be 7.9 m long by 3.2 m wide, and it has been estimated

Pellegrino, Sergio

47

Coherent change detection and interferometric ISAR measurements in the folded compact range  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A folded compact range configuration has been developed ant the Sandia National Laboratories` compact range antenna and radar-cross- section measurement facility as a means of performing indoor, environmentally-controlled, far-field simulations of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) measurements of distributed target samples (i.e. gravel, sand, etc.). The folded compact range configuration has previously been used to perform coherent-change-detection (CCD) measurements, which allow disturbances to distributed targets on the order of fractions of a wavelength to be detected. This report describes follow-on CCD measurements of other distributed target samples, and also investigates the sensitivity of the CCD measurement process to changes in the relative spatial location of the SAR sensor between observations of the target. Additionally, this report describes the theoretical and practical aspects of performing interferometric inverse-synthetic-aperture-radar (IFISAR) measurements in the folded compact range environment. IFISAR measurements provide resolution of the relative heights of targets with accuracies on the order of a wavelength. Several examples are given of digital height maps that have been generated from measurements performed at the folded compact range facility.

Sorensen, K.W.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Sparse aperture endoscope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An endoscope which reduces the volume needed by the imaging part thereof, maintains resolution of a wide diameter optical system, while increasing tool access, and allows stereographic or interferometric processing for depth and perspective information/visualization. Because the endoscope decreases the volume consumed by imaging optics such allows a larger fraction of the volume to be used for non-imaging tools, which allows smaller incisions in surgical and diagnostic medical applications thus produces less trauma to the patient or allows access to smaller volumes than is possible with larger instruments. The endoscope utilizes fiber optic light pipes in an outer layer for illumination, a multi-pupil imaging system in an inner annulus, and an access channel for other tools in the center. The endoscope is amenable to implementation as a flexible scope, and thus increases the utility thereof. Because the endoscope uses a multi-aperture pupil, it can also be utilized as an optical array, allowing stereographic and interferometric processing.

Fitch, Joseph P. (Livermore, CA)

1999-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

49

Sparse aperture endoscope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An endoscope is disclosed which reduces the volume needed by the imaging part, maintains resolution of a wide diameter optical system, while increasing tool access, and allows stereographic or interferometric processing for depth and perspective information/visualization. Because the endoscope decreases the volume consumed by imaging optics such allows a larger fraction of the volume to be used for non-imaging tools, which allows smaller incisions in surgical and diagnostic medical applications thus produces less trauma to the patient or allows access to smaller volumes than is possible with larger instruments. The endoscope utilizes fiber optic light pipes in an outer layer for illumination, a multi-pupil imaging system in an inner annulus, and an access channel for other tools in the center. The endoscope is amenable to implementation as a flexible scope, and thus increases it's utility. Because the endoscope uses a multi-aperture pupil, it can also be utilized as an optical array, allowing stereographic and interferometric processing. 7 figs.

Fitch, J.P.

1999-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

50

An Analysis of Past and Future Changes in the Ice Cover of Two High-Arctic Lakes Based on Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) and Landsat Imagery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and heat energy between a lake and its surroundings (Adams, 1981). In high-arctic lakes, changes in ice climate data are limited, remote sensing of lake-ice conditions can provide valuable insight into climaticAn Analysis of Past and Future Changes in the Ice Cover of Two High-Arctic Lakes Based on Synthetic

Bradley, Raymond S.

51

Use of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) to Identify and Characterize Overwintering Areas of Fish in Ice-Covered Arctic RIvers: A Demonstration with Broad Whitefish and their Habitats in the Sagavanirktok River, Alaska  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In northern climates, locating overwintering fish can be very challenging due to thick ice cover. Areas near the coast of the Beaufort Sea provide valuable overwintering habitat for both resident and anadromous fish species; identifying and understanding their use of overwintering areas is of special interest. Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery from two spaceborne satellites was examined as an alternative to radiotelemetry for identifying anadromous fish overwintering. The presence of water and ice were sampled at 162 sites and fish were sampled at 16 of these sites. From SAR imagery alone, we successfully identified large pools inhabited by overwintering fish in the ice-covered Sagavanirktok River. In addition, the imagery was able to identify all of the larger pools (mean minimum length of 138m (range 15-470 m; SD=131)) of water located by field sampling. The effectiveness of SAR to identify these pools varied from 31% to 100%, depending on imagery polarization, the incidence angle range, and the orbit. Horizontal transmit–vertical receive (HV) polarization appeared best. The accuracy of SAR was also assessed at a finer pixel-by-pixel (30-m x30-m) scale. The best correspondence at this finer scale was obtained with an image having HV polarization. The levels of agreement ranged from 54% to 69%. The presence of broad whitefish (the only anadromous species present) was associated with salinity and pool size (estimated with SAR imagery); fish were more likely to be found in larger pools with low salinity. This research illustrates that SAR imaging has great potential for identifying under-ice overwintering areas of riverine fish. These techniques should allow managers to identify critical overwintering areas with relatively more ease and lower cost than traditional techniques.

Brown, Richard S.; Duguay, Claude R.; Mueller, Robert P.; Moulton, Larry; Doucette, Peter J.; Tagestad, Jerry D.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Prototype Cryospheric Experimental Synthetic Aperture Radiometer (CESAR)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.Markus@nasa.gov Geoffrey.L.Bland@nasa.gov 4 University of Michigan, CRuf@UMich.edu 5 Langley Research Center, R.W.Lawrence@.nasa.gov 6 Colorado State University, Steven.Reising@ColoState.edu 7 Valparaiso University, Thomas in heterogeneous and climatically-sensitive areas. Examples include: (1) dynamic sea ice areas with frequent lead

Reising, Steven C.

53

Soil-penetrating synthetic aperture radar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results for the first year of a two year Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) effort. This effort included a system study, preliminary data acquisition, and preliminary algorithm development. The system study determined the optimum frequency and bandwidth, surveyed soil parameters and targets, and defined radar cross section in lossy media. The data acquisition imaged buried objects with a rail-SAR. Algorithm development included a radar echo model, three-dimensional processing, sidelobe optimization, phase history data interpolation, and clutter estimation/cancellation.

Boverie, B.; Brock, B.C.; Doerry, A.W.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture radar processing Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

imaging). We... improved resolution from microwave synthetic-aperture ... Source: Fienup, James R. - Institute of Optics & Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering,...

55

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture radar image Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

flight trajecto- In synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging a scene... -y(s). The projection data and reconstructed ... Source: Yazici, Birsen - Department of Electrical,...

56

Quantum Interferometric Sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum entanglement has the potential to revolutionize the entire field of interferometric sensing by providing many orders of magnitude improvement in interferometer sensitivity. The quantum-entangled particle interferometer approach is very general and applies to many types of interferometers. In particular, without nonlocal entanglement, a generic classical interferometer has a statistical-sampling shot-noise limited sensitivity that scales like $1/\\sqrt{N}$, where $N$ is the number of particles passing through the interferometer per unit time. However, if carefully prepared quantum correlations are engineered between the particles, then the interferometer sensitivity improves by a factor of $\\sqrt{N}$ to scale like 1/N, which is the limit imposed by the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle. For optical interferometers operating at milliwatts of optical power, this quantum sensitivity boost corresponds to an eight-order-of-magnitude improvement of signal to noise. This effect can translate into a tremendous science pay-off for space missions. For example, one application of this new effect is to fiber optical gyroscopes for deep-space inertial guidance and tests of General Relativity (Gravity Probe B). Another application is to ground and orbiting optical interferometers for gravity wave detection, Laser Interferometer Gravity Observatory (LIGO) and the European Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA), respectively. Other applications are to Satellite-to-Satellite laser Interferometry (SSI) proposed for the next generation Gravity Recovery And Climate Experiment (GRACE II).

Kishore T. Kapale; Leo D. Didomenico; Hwang Lee; Pieter Kok; Jonathan P. Dowling

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

57

Rotating Aperture System  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rotating aperture system includes a low-pressure vacuum pumping stage with apertures for passage of a deuterium beam. A stator assembly includes holes for passage of the beam. The rotor assembly includes a shaft connected to a deuterium gas cell or a crossflow venturi that has a single aperture on each side that together align with holes every rotation. The rotating apertures are synchronized with the firing of the deuterium beam such that the beam fires through a clear aperture and passes into the Xe gas beam stop. Portions of the rotor are lapped into the stator to improve the sealing surfaces, to prevent rapid escape of the deuterium gas from the gas cell.

Rusnak, Brian (Livermore, CA); Hall, James M. (Livermore, CA); Shen, Stewart (Danville, CA); Wood, Richard L. (Santa Fe, NM)

2005-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

58

LARGE-APERTURE D- ACCELERATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vignetted current profile at accelerator entrance aperture 'LARGE-APERTURE D" ACCELERATORS* 0. A. Anderson" " Lawrencen i a 9-1720 Abstract Accelerator designs are described for

Anderson, O.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Interferometric tunability of the absorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose an interferometric setup that permits to tune the quantity of radiation absorbed by an object illuminated by a fixed light source. The method can be used to selectively irradiate portions of an object based on their transmissivities or to accurately estimate the transmissivities from rough absorption measurements.

Vittorio Giovannetti; Seth Lloyd; Lorenzo Maccone

2006-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

60

Variable-aperture screen  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus is described for separating material into first and second portions according to size including a plurality of shafts, a plurality of spaced disks radiating outwardly from each of the shafts to define apertures and linkage interconnecting the shafts for moving the shafts toward or away from one another to vary the size of the apertures while the apparatus is performing the separating function. 10 figures.

Savage, G.M.

1991-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Design of dual frequency interferometric SAR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using a spaceborne interferometric SAR, it is possible to produce a high resolution global topographic map with a height accuracy of several meters. However, frequency selection of the interferometric SAR is rather complicated due to interferometric phenomenology and atmospheric effects. In this paper, we propose a dual frequency interferometric SAR to achieve better understanding of interferometric height (especially for penetrable medium) and corresponding calibration and to remove the atmospheric effects. The selected frequencies are L- and Ku- bands. We also present a radar design and show that a light weight and efficient SAR can be designed using new technologies and dual frequency advantages even with two frequency radars in a single spacecraft. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Kim, Y.; Edelstein, W.; Caro, E. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91109 (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Interferometric  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared Land SurfaceVirus-InfectedIntelligentCO2the ARMBatteries.

63

Aperture center energy showcase  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia and Forest City have established a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA), and the partnership provides a unique opportunity to take technology research and development from demonstration to application in a sustainable community. A project under that CRADA, Aperture Center Energy Showcase, offers a means to develop exhibits and demonstrations that present feedback to community members, Sandia customers, and visitors. The technologies included in the showcase focus on renewable energy and its efficiency, and resilience. These technologies are generally scalable, and provide secure, efficient solutions to energy production, delivery, and usage. In addition to establishing an Energy Showcase, support offices and conference capabilities that facilitate research, collaboration, and demonstration were created. The Aperture Center project focuses on establishing a location that provides outreach, awareness, and demonstration of research findings, emerging technologies, and project developments to Sandia customers, visitors, and Mesa del Sol community members.

Torres, J. J.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Power recycling for an interferometric gravitational wave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THESIS Power recycling for an interferometric gravitational wave detector Masaki Ando Department . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 3.3 Power recycling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 3.3.1 Principle of power recycling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 3.3.2 Recycling cavity

Ejiri, Shinji

65

Passive Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging of Ground Moving Targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of opportunity such as radio, cell phone, and television transmission towers. The absence of active signal towers. We describe a novel forward model and a corresponding filtered-backprojection type image

Yazici, Birsen

66

Microwave-induced thermoacoustic tomography: reconstruction by synthetic aperture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-induced thermoacoustic tomography (LMTT) based on focused transducers. Two microwave sources, which had frequencies of 9 GHz and 3 GHz, respectively, were used in the experiments for comparison. The 3-GHz system had a much larger imaging depth but a lower signal...

Feng, Dazi

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Synthetic aperture focusing techniques for ultrasonic imaging of solid objects.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the NDE and medical SAFT implementations are performed using a delay-and-sum (DAS) processing in time in NDE and medical ap- plications. Most SAFT implementations are based on a very simpli- fied model). Unfortunately, this is not always valid in ultra- sonic imaging, especially in the high frequency NDE ap

68

Sandia National Laboratories: Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Imagery  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmitted for US PatentOperationalforRenewableEnergySolarEnergy

69

Synthetic Aperture Radar Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSInSAR) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd Jump to: navigation,Open EnergyFacility | OpenEV Jump to:SREPLOpen

70

Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place: EdenOverview Of TheIntevac JumpInvener Jump to:

71

Dipole aperture and superconductor requirements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The cost of an accelerator is not proportional to the aperture. A change in aperture by a certain percentage results in an overall accelerator cost change by only a fraction of that percentage; the fraction may be between 0.1 and 0.5 and is almost independent of the bending field. This estimate is obtained by analyzing the superconductor requirements as a function of aperture and by making rough estimates of the largest cost items of the accelerator such as magnets and ring tunnel.

Wipf, S.L.

1983-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

72

Modeling Of Surface Deformation From Satellite Radar Interferometry...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

interferometric synthetic aperture radar) analysis of two-year Radarsat satellite data covering the period May 2006 - March 2008. SAR scenes from two orbit geometries are...

73

Ris-PhD-19(EN) Self Calibrating Interferometric Sensor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interferometric Sensor Department: Optics and Plasma Research Department Risø-PhD-19(EN) January 2006 This thesis

74

On quantum interferometric measurements of temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide a detailed description of the interferometric thermometer, which is a device that estimates the temperature of a sample from measurements of the optical phase. For the first time, we rigorously analyze the operation of such a device by studying the interaction of the optical probe system with a heated sample. We find that this approach to thermometry is capable of measuring the temperature of a sample in the nK regime. Furthermore, we compare the theoretical precision of interferometric thermometers with the precision offered by the idealized pyrometers, which infer the temperature from a measurement of the total thermal radiation emitted by the sample.

Marcin Jarzyna; Marcin Zwierz

2014-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

75

Interferometric hydrofracture microseism localization using neighboring fracture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interferometric hydrofracture microseism localization using neighboring fracture Oleg V. Poliannikov1 , Alison E. Malcolm1 , Hugues Djikpesse2 , and Michael Prange2 ABSTRACT Hydraulic fracturing is the process of injecting high-pressure fluids into a reservoir to induce fractures and thus improve reservoir

Malcolm, Alison

76

Large aperture diffractive space telescope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A large (10's of meters) aperture space telescope including two separate spacecraft--an optical primary objective lens functioning as a magnifying glass and an optical secondary functioning as an eyepiece. The spacecraft are spaced up to several kilometers apart with the eyepiece directly behind the magnifying glass "aiming" at an intended target with their relative orientation determining the optical axis of the telescope and hence the targets being observed. The objective lens includes a very large-aperture, very-thin-membrane, diffractive lens, e.g., a Fresnel lens, which intercepts incoming light over its full aperture and focuses it towards the eyepiece. The eyepiece has a much smaller, meter-scale aperture and is designed to move along the focal surface of the objective lens, gathering up the incoming light and converting it to high quality images. The positions of the two space craft are controlled both to maintain a good optical focus and to point at desired targets which may be either earth bound or celestial.

Hyde, Roderick A. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Synthetic chloroplasts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The principal function of the chloroplast is to capture solar quanta and to store them in some stable form. We are in the process of trying to construct a totally synthetic system that would simulate some of the reactions of the two photosystems which occur in natural chloroplasts. Toward this end, we have demonstrated a number of the reactions required in separated systems. We have shown that it is possible to transfer electrons across an insulating membrane barrier with a surfactant photosensitizer. Others have shown, and we have confirmed, that it is possible to collect the two electrons necessary for the generation of molecular hydrogen on a heterogeneous catalyst suspended in water and similarly to collect the four holes on another heterogeneous catalyst suspended in water for the generation of molecular oxygen. A synthesis of some of these molecular catalysts for both these purposes is underway, with some partial success. When these partial reactions are assembled in a system, the resulting synthetic chloroplasts will not resemble the natural entity in detailed construction as they will contain no protein.

Calvin, M.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

WFPC2 aperture photometry and PSF modelling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the WFPC-2 undersamples the PSF, aperture photometry can produce results which are competetive with profile fitting in many situations. This article reports and investigation of aperture corrections using both real data and PSF models.

N. R. Tanvir; D. R. T. Robinson; T. von Hippel

1995-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

79

Medical imaging with coded apertures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Now algorithms were investigated for image reconstruction in emission tomography which could incorporate complex instrumental effects such as might be obtained with a coded aperture system. The investigation focused on possible uses of the wavelet transform to handle non-stationary instrumental effects and analytic continuation of the Radon transform to handle self-absorption. Neither investigation was completed during the funding period and whether such algorithms will be useful remains an open question.

Keto, E.; Libby, S.

1995-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

80

Bayesian power spectrum analysis of interferometric data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a Bayesian power spectrum and signal map inference engine which can be adapted to interferometric observations of anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background, 21 cm emission line mapping of galactic brightness fluctuations, or 21 cm absorption line mapping of neutral hydrogen in the dark ages. The method uses Gibbs sampling to generate a sampled representation of the power spectrum posterior and the posterior of signal maps given a set of measured visibilities in the uv-plane. We use a mock interferometric CMB observation to demonstrate the validity of this method in the flat-sky approximation when adapted to take into account arbitrary coverage of the uv-plane, mode-mode correlations due to observations on a finite patch, and heteroschedastic visibility errors. The computational requirements scale as O(n_p log n_p) where n_p measures the ratio of the size of the detector array to the inter-detector spacing, meaning that Gibbs sampling is a viable technique for meeting the data analysis require...

Sutter, P M; Malu, Siddarth

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The Large Aperture GRB Observatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Large Aperture GRB Observatory (LAGO) is aiming at the detection of the high energy (around 100 GeV) component of Gamma Ray Bursts, using the single particle technique in arrays of Water Cherenkov Detectors (WCD) in high mountain sites (Chacaltaya, Bolivia, 5300 m a.s.l., Pico Espejo, Venezuela, 4750 m a.s.l., Sierra Negra, Mexico, 4650 m a.s.l). WCD at high altitude offer a unique possibility of detecting low gamma fluxes in the 10 GeV - 1 TeV range. The status of the Observatory and data collected from 2007 to date will be presented.

Allard, D; Asorey, H; Barros, H; Bertou, X; Castillo, M; Chirinos, J M; De Castro, A; Flores, S; González, J; Berisso, M Gomez; Grajales, J; Guada, C; Day, W R Guevara; Ishitsuka, J; López, J A; Martínez, O; Melfo, A; Meza, E; Loza, P Miranda; Barbosa, E Moreno; Murrugarra, C; Núñez, L A; Ormachea, L J Otiniano; Pérez, G; Perez, Y; Ponce, E; Quispe, J; Quintero, C; Rivera, H; Rosales, M; Rovero, A C; Saavedra, O; Salazar, H; Tello, J C; Peralda, R Ticona; Varela, E; Velarde, A; Villaseñor, L; Wahl, D; Zamalloa, M A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Ion mobility spectrometer with virtual aperture grid  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An ion mobility spectrometer does not require a physical aperture grid to prevent premature ion detector response. The last electrodes adjacent to the ion collector (typically the last four or five) have an electrode pitch that is less than the width of the ion swarm and each of the adjacent electrodes is connected to a source of free charge, thereby providing a virtual aperture grid at the end of the drift region that shields the ion collector from the mirror current of the approaching ion swarm. The virtual aperture grid is less complex in assembly and function and is less sensitive to vibrations than the physical aperture grid.

Pfeifer, Kent B. (Los Lunas, NM); Rumpf, Arthur N. (Albuquerque, NM)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

83

Interferometric Plasmonic Lensing with Nanohole Arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nonlinear photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) of nanohole arrays in gold films maps propagating surface plasmons (PSPs) launched from lithographically patterned structures. Strong near field photoemission patterns are observed in the PEEM images, recorded following low angle of incidence irradiation of nanohole arrays with sub-15 fs laser pulses centered at 780 nm. The recorded photoemission patterns are attributed to constructive and destructive interferences between PSPs launched from the individual nanoholes which comprise the array. By exploiting the wave nature of PSPs, we demonstrate how varying the array geometry (hole diameter, pitch, and number of rows/columns) ultimately yields intense localized photoemission. Through a combination of PEEM and finite-difference time-domain simulations, we identify the optimal array geometry for efficient light coupling and interferometric plasmonic lensing. We show a preliminary application of inteferometric plasmonic lensing by enhancing the photoemission from the vertex of a gold triangle using nanohole array.

Gong, Yu; Joly, Alan G.; El-Khoury, Patrick Z.; Hess, Wayne P.

2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

84

Interferometric tomography of fuel cells for monitoring membrane water content  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have developed a system that uses two 1D interferometric phase projections for reconstruction of 2D water content changes over time in situ in a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell system. By modifying the filtered ...

Waller, Laura

85

Solar Central Receiver with an Irising Aperture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. If the aperture is small, it will be inefficient for periods when the solar isolation is inclined due to spillage. However, if the aperture is large, it will be inefficient for periods when the solar isolation is normal, due to excess heat radiation and convection...

Galal, T.; Kulaib, A. M.; Abuzaid, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Variable aperture collimator for high energy radiation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus is disclosed providing a variable aperture energy beam collimator. A plurality of beam opaque blocks are in sliding interface edge contact to form a variable aperture. The blocks may be offset at the apex angle to provide a non-equilateral aperture. A plurality of collimator block assemblies may be employed for providing a channel defining a collimated beam. Adjacent assemblies are inverted front-to-back with respect to one another for preventing noncollimated energy from emerging from the apparatus. An adjustment mechanism comprises a cable attached to at least one block and a hand wheel mechanism for operating the cable. The blocks are supported by guide rods engaging slide brackets on the blocks. The guide rods are pivotally connected at each end to intermediate actuators supported on rotatable shafts to change the shape of the aperture. A divergent collimated beam may be obtained by adjusting the apertures of adjacent stages to be unequal.

Hill, Ronald A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1984-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

87

Direct imaging with highly diluted apertures. I. Field of view limitations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Future optical interferometric instrumentation mainly relies on the availability of an efficient cophasing system: once available, what has so far postponed the relevance of direct imaging with an interferometer will vanish. This paper focuses on the actual limits of snapshot imaging, inherent to the use of a sparse aperture: the number of telescopes and the geometry of the array impose the maximum extent of the field of view and the complexity of the sources. A second limitation may arise from the beam combination scheme. Comparing already available solutions, we show that the so called hypertelescope mode (or densified pupil) is ideal. By adjusting the direct imaging field of view to the useful field of view offered by the array, the hypertelescope makes an optimal use of the collected photons. It optimizes signal to noise ratio, drastically improves the luminosity of images and makes the interferometer compatible with coronagraphy, without inducing any loss of useful field of view.

O. Lardiere; F. Martinache; F. Patru

2006-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

88

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, Evolution of magma conduits during the 19982000 eruptions of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

discontin- uous measurement techniques such as interferometric syn- thetic aperture radar (InSAR) and GPS-eruptive displacements recorded by interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) for the first five eruptions that dikes first propagate vertically from a source region below sea level before being injected laterally

Boyer, Edmond

89

Shock wave absorber having apertured plate  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The shock or energy absorber disclosed herein utilizes an apertured plate maintained under the normal level of liquid flowing in a piping system and disposed between the normal liquid flow path and a cavity pressurized with a compressible gas. The degree of openness (or porosity) of the plate is between 0.01 and 0.60. The energy level of a shock wave travelling down the piping system thus is dissipated by some of the liquid being jetted through the apertured plate toward the cavity. The cavity is large compared to the quantity of liquid jetted through the apertured plate, so there is little change in its volume. The porosity of the apertured plate influences the percentage of energy absorbed.

Shin, Yong W. (Western Springs, IL); Wiedermann, Arne H. (Chicago Heights, IL); Ockert, Carl E. (Vienna, VA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Shock wave absorber having apertured plate  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The shock or energy absorber disclosed herein utilizes an apertured plate maintained under the normal level of liquid flowing in a piping system and disposed between the normal liquid flow path and a cavity pressurized with a compressible gas. The degree of openness (or porosity) of the plate is between 0.01 and 0.60. The energy level of a shock wave travelling down the piping system thus is dissipated by some of the liquid being jetted through the apertured plate toward the cavity. The cavity is large compared to the quantity of liquid jetted through the apertured plate, so there is little change in its volume. The porosity of the apertured plate influences the percentage of energy absorbed.

Shin, Y.W.; Wiedermann, A.H.; Ockert, C.E.

1983-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

91

Very Large Aperture Diffractive Space Telescope  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A very large (10's of meters) aperture space telescope including two separate spacecraft--an optical primary functioning as a magnifying glass and an optical secondary functioning as an eyepiece. The spacecraft are spaced up to several kilometers apart with the eyepiece directly behind the magnifying glass ''aiming'' at an intended target with their relative orientation determining the optical axis of the telescope and hence the targets being observed. The magnifying glass includes a very large-aperture, very-thin-membrane, diffractive lens, e.g., a Fresnel lens, which intercepts incoming light over its full aperture and focuses it towards the eyepiece. The eyepiece has a much smaller, meter-scale aperture and is designed to move along the focal surface of the magnifying glass, gathering up the incoming light and converting it to high quality images. The positions of the two space craft are controlled both to maintain a good optical focus and to point at desired targets.

Hyde, Roderick Allen

1998-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

92

Development of techniques for quantum-enhanced laser-interferometric gravitational-wave detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A detailed theoretical and experimental study of techniques necessary for quantum-enhanced laser- interferometric gravitational wave (GW) detectors was carried out. The basic theory of GWs and laser-interferometric GW ...

Goda, Keisuke

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Ris-PhD-27(EN) Wind Energy Applications of Synthetic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy planning are addressed here: the study of wind farm wake effects and the potential of using SAR losses are typically 10-20% near the wind farms. Secondly, the potential of using SAR wind mapsRisø-PhD-27(EN) Wind Energy Applications of Synthetic Aperture Radar Merete Bruun Christiansen Risø

94

Adaptive coherent interferometric imaging for sensor networks Gregoire Derveauxa)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with distributed sensor networks is presented. The sensors record the impulse response of the unknown background imaging when the background is known is considered in Ref.8. The sensors record an approximate impulseAdaptive coherent interferometric imaging for sensor networks Gr´egoire Derveauxa) INRIA Domaine de

Papanicolaou, George C.

95

Photovoltaic converter having apertured reflective enclosure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a photovoltaic converter. It comprises: a photovoltaic cell having an incident face upon which light is directed to cause photogeneration; an enclosure over the incident face, the wall of the enclosure having a reflective inner surface spaced apart from the incident face to permit light reflected from the incident face to be re-reflected by the inner surface and back to the photovoltaic cell; and an aperture through the wall of the enclosure to permit light to fall directly upon the voltaic cell. The ratio of the area of the aperture to the are of the incident face of the photovoltaic cell is less than about 0.2.

Sinton, R.A.; Swanson, R.M.

1990-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

96

Optimal Maneuvers for Distributed Aperture Imaging Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the wave vectors (locations in the so-called u-v plane) that are proportional to the relative positions of the apertures. Imaging to specified resolution demands measurement of the Fourier components with adequate signal-to-noise ratio over the interior...

Fitch, Danielle

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

97

Analysis of transverse apertures in a circular waveguide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a transverse aperture will be extremely useful in the design of coupled cavity resonators and circular cavity backed resonant aperture antennas. B. l. iterature Review Many authors have investigated the effects of apertures in both the transverse... 1989 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering ANALYSIS OF TRANSVERSE APERTURES IN A CIRCULAR WAVEGUIDE A Thesis GARY BRYAN EASTHAM Approved as to style and content by: Kai Chang (Chair of Committee) Brian D. Young (Member) Donal L. Parker...

Eastham, Gary Bryan

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Phase projection using three satellites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study seeks to investigate various techniques used in Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) during the phase unwrapping process and the noise filtering step. In particular, as intuition would follow, we ...

Yeung, Michael C. (Michael Chi-Hang)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Dual aperture dipole magnet with second harmonic component  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved dual aperture dipole electromagnet includes a second-harmonic frequency magnetic guide field winding which surrounds first harmonic frequency magnetic guide field windings associated with each aperture. The second harmonic winding and the first harmonic windings cooperate to produce resultant magnetic waveforms in the apertures which have extended acceleration and shortened reset portions of electromagnet operation.

Praeg, W.F.

1983-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

100

Vacuum aperture isolator for retroreflection from laser-irradiated target  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure is directed to a vacuum aperture isolator for retroreflection of a laser-irradiated target. Within a vacuum chamber are disposed a beam focusing element, a disc having an aperture and a recollimating element. The edge of the focused beam impinges on the edge of the aperture to produce a plasma which refracts any retroreflected light from the laser's target.

Benjamin, Robert F. (Los Alamos, NM); Mitchell, Kenneth B. (Los Alamos, NM)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Dual aperture dipole magnet with second harmonic component  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved dual aperture dipole electromagnet includes a second-harmonic frequency magnetic guide field winding which surrounds first harmonic frequency magnetic guide field windings associated with each aperture. The second harmonic winding and the first harmonic windings cooperate to produce resultant magnetic waveforms in the apertures which have extended acceleration and shortened reset portions of electromagnet operation.

Praeg, Walter F. (Palos Park, IL)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

LAGOVirtual: A Collaborative Environment for the Large Aperture GRB Observatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the LAGOVirtual Project: an ongoing project to develop platform to collaborate in the Large Aperture GRB Observatory (LAGO). This continental-wide observatory is devised to detect high energy (around 100 GeV) component of Gamma Ray Bursts, by using the single particle technique in arrays of Water Cherenkov Detectors (WCD) at high mountain sites (Chacaltaya, Bolivia, 5300 m a.s.l., Pico Espejo, Venezuela, 4750 m a.s.l., Sierra Negra, Mexico, 4650 m a.s.l). This platform will allow LAGO collaboration to share data, and computer resources through its different sites. This environment has the possibility to generate synthetic data by simulating the showers through AIRES application and to store/preserve distributed data files collected by the WCD at the LAGO sites. The present article concerns the implementation of a prototype of LAGO-DR adapting DSpace, with a hierarchical structure (i.e. country, institution, followed by collections that contain the metadata and data files), for the captured/simulate...

Camacho, R; Diaz, G; Guada, C; Hamar, V; Hoeger, H; Melfo, A; Nunez, L A; Perez, Y; Quintero, C; Rosales, M; Torrens, R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

LAGOVirtual: A Collaborative Environment for the Large Aperture GRB Observatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the LAGOVirtual Project: an ongoing project to develop platform to collaborate in the Large Aperture GRB Observatory (LAGO). This continental-wide observatory is devised to detect high energy (around 100 GeV) component of Gamma Ray Bursts, by using the single particle technique in arrays of Water Cherenkov Detectors (WCD) at high mountain sites (Chacaltaya, Bolivia, 5300 m a.s.l., Pico Espejo, Venezuela, 4750 m a.s.l., Sierra Negra, Mexico, 4650 m a.s.l). This platform will allow LAGO collaboration to share data, and computer resources through its different sites. This environment has the possibility to generate synthetic data by simulating the showers through AIRES application and to store/preserve distributed data files collected by the WCD at the LAGO sites. The present article concerns the implementation of a prototype of LAGO-DR adapting DSpace, with a hierarchical structure (i.e. country, institution, followed by collections that contain the metadata and data files), for the captured/simulated data. This structure was generated by using the community, sub-community, collection, item model; available at the DSpace software. Each member institution-country of the project has the appropriate permissions on the system to publish information (descriptive metadata and associated data files). The platform can also associate multiple files to each item of data (data from the instruments, graphics, postprocessed-data, etc.).

R. Camacho; R. Chacon; G. Diaz; C. Guada; V. Hamar; H. Hoeger; A. Melfo; L. A. Nunez; Y. Perez; C. Quintero; M. Rosales; R. Torrens; the LAGO Collaboration

2009-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

104

DISTRIBUTED AND COLLABORATIVE SYNTHETIC ENVIRONMENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 DISTRIBUTED AND COLLABORATIVE SYNTHETIC ENVIRONMENTS Chandrajit L. Bajaj and Fausto Bernardini with synthetic environments1,2,3,4,5,6 . A synthetic environment system is generally characterized and the synthetic environment generated by the computer. Several degrees of immersion are possible, ranging from

Texas at Austin, University of

105

The QuakeSim Web Portal Environment for GPS Data Robert Granat Jet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) measurements of sur- face displacement taken from satellites and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). These radar measurements view) and individual station (micro view) level. Underlying this environment is a hidden Markov model

106

Synthetic guide star generation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for assisting in observing a celestial object and providing synthetic guide star generation. A lasing system provides radiation at a frequency at or near 938 nm and radiation at a frequency at or near 1583 nm. The lasing system includes a fiber laser operating between 880 nm and 960 nm and a fiber laser operating between 1524 nm and 1650 nm. A frequency-conversion system mixes the radiation and generates light at a frequency at or near 589 nm. A system directs the light at a frequency at or near 589 nm toward the celestial object and provides synthetic guide star generation.

Payne, Stephen A. (Castro Valley, CA) [Castro Valley, CA; Page, Ralph H. (Castro Valley, CA) [Castro Valley, CA; Ebbers, Christopher A. (Livermore, CA) [Livermore, CA; Beach, Raymond J. (Livermore, CA) [Livermore, CA

2008-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

107

An Approach to Ground Moving Target Indication Using Multiple Resolutions of Multilook Synthetic Aperture Radar Images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?cations relating Kalman ?ltering, iterative MMSE, RLS, and back projection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 3.3 DWT synthesis ?lter bank tree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 3.4 Haar scaling function and wavelet... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 3.5 Haar wavelet, compressed wavelet, and compressed and translated wavelet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 3.6 One-dimensional DWT demo using sine wave . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 3.7 One-dimensional DWT...

Akers, Geoffrey

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

108

Analysis of multiphase fluid flows via high speed and synthetic aperture three dimensional imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spray flows are a difficult problem within the realm of fluid mechanics because of the complicated interfacial physics involved. Complete models of sprays having even the simplest geometries continue to elude researchers ...

Scharfman, Barry Ethan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

LOCALIZATION OF DEFECTS IN PIPES USING GUIDED WAVES AND SYNTHETIC APERTURE FOCUSSING TECHNIQUE (SAFT)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 2011, the federal government decided to shut down the nuclear power plants until 2022 and announced problem is solved by the simulation soft- ware Wave3000Plus to determine well-suited wave modes a cylin- drical test structure were performed to verify the simulation results. Varying wave modes provide

Boyer, Edmond

110

Wind/Rain Backscatter Modeling and Wind/Rain Retrieval for Scatterometer and Synthetic Aperture Radar.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Using co-located space-borne satellite (TRMM PR, ESCAT on ERS 1/2) measurements, and numerical predicted wind fields (ECMWF), the sensitivity of C-band backscatter measurement to rain… (more)

Nie, Congling

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Biodegradable synthetic bone composites  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides for a biodegradable synthetic bone composition comprising a biodegradable hydrogel polymer scaffold comprising a plurality of hydrolytically unstable linkages, and an inorganic component; such as a biodegradable poly(hydroxyethylmethacrylate)/hydroxyapatite (pHEMA/HA) hydrogel composite possessing mineral content approximately that of human bone.

Liu, Gao; Zhao, Dacheng; Saiz, Eduardo; Tomsia, Antoni P.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Synthetic aircraft turbine oil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synthetic lubricating oil composition having improved oxidation stability comprising a major portion of an aliphatic ester base oil having lubricating properties, formed by the reaction of pentaerythritol and an organic monocarboxylic acid and containing a phenylnaphthylamine, a dialkyldiphenylamine, a polyhydroxy anthraquinone, a hydrocarbyl phosphate ester and a dialkyldisulfide.

Yaffe, R.

1982-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

113

DETECTION OF FAST TRANSIENTS WITH RADIO INTERFEROMETRIC ARRAYS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Next-generation radio arrays, including the Square Kilometre Array (SKA) and its pathfinders, will open up new avenues for exciting transient science at radio wavelengths. Their innovative designs, comprising a large number of small elements, pose several challenges in digital processing and optimal observing strategies. The Giant Metre-wave Radio Telescope (GMRT) presents an excellent test-bed for developing and validating suitable observing modes and strategies for transient experiments with future arrays. Here we describe the first phase of the ongoing development of a transient detection system for GMRT that is planned to eventually function in a commensal mode with other observing programs. It capitalizes on the GMRT's interferometric and sub-array capabilities, and the versatility of a new software backend. We outline considerations in the plan and design of transient exploration programs with interferometric arrays, and describe a pilot survey that was undertaken to aid in the development of algorithms and associated analysis software. This survey was conducted at 325 and 610 MHz, and covered 360 deg{sup 2} of the sky with short dwell times. It provides large volumes of real data that can be used to test the efficacies of various algorithms and observing strategies applicable for transient detection. We present examples that illustrate the methodologies of detecting short-duration transients, including the use of sub-arrays for higher resilience to spurious events of terrestrial origin, localization of candidate events via imaging, and the use of a phased array for improved signal detection and confirmation. In addition to demonstrating applications of interferometric arrays for fast transient exploration, our efforts mark important steps in the roadmap toward SKA-era science.

Bhat, N. D. R. [International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research, Curtin University, Bentley, WA 6102 (Australia)] [International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research, Curtin University, Bentley, WA 6102 (Australia); Chengalur, J. N.; Gupta, Y.; Prasad, J.; Roy, J.; Kudale, S. S. [National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Pune 411007 (India)] [National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Pune 411007 (India); Cox, P. J.; Bailes, M.; Burke-Spolaor, S.; Van Straten, W. [Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University, Hawthorn, Victoria 3122 (Australia)] [Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University, Hawthorn, Victoria 3122 (Australia)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Guest Editors' Introduction: Synthetic Biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

+ undergraduate participants from around the world. Synthetic Biology had a global market which gene- rated $233 Tufts University h SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY IS trending, as evidenced by the recent achievements in biofuels

Densmore, Douglas

115

High temperature synthetic cement retarder  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A synthetic cement retarder which provides excellent retardation and compressive strength development has been synthesized. The response properties and temperature ranges of the synthetic retarder far exceed those of commonly used retarders such as lignosulfonates. The chemical nature of the new retarder is discussed and compared to another synthetic retarder.

Eoff, L.S.; Buster, D.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Finding Large Aperture Fractures in Geothermal Resource Areas...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Seismic Survey DOE Geothermal Peer Review 2010 - Presentation. Project summary: Drilling into large aperture open fractures (LAFs) typically yield production wells with...

117

Finding Large Aperture Fractures in Geothermal Resource Areas...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3-D mapping of Large Aperture Fractures (LAF's) * Budget: 679,000 - Phase 2: Drilling - January-December, 2011. * Task 4: Stepout drilling from existing production wells....

118

A statistical model for the excitation of cavities through apertures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, a statistical model for the coupling of electromagnetic radiation into enclosures through apertures is presented. The model gives a unified picture bridging deterministic theories of aperture radiation, and statistical models necessary for capturing the properties of irregular shaped enclosures. A Monte Carlo technique based on random matrix theory is used to predict and study the power transmitted through the aperture into the enclosure. Universal behavior of the net power entering the aperture is found. Results are of interest for predicting the coupling of external radiation through openings in irregular enclosures and reverberation chambers.

Gradoni, Gabriele; Anlage, Steven M; Ott, Edward

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Functionalized apertures for the detection of chemical and biological materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed are nanometer to micron scale functionalized apertures constructed on a substrate made of glass, carbon, semiconductors or polymeric materials that allow for the real time detection of biological materials or chemical moieties. Many apertures can exist on one substrate allowing for the simultaneous detection of numerous chemical and biological molecules. One embodiment features a macrocyclic ring attached to cross-linkers, wherein the macrocyclic ring has a biological or chemical probe extending through the aperture. Another embodiment achieves functionalization by attaching chemical or biological anchors directly to the walls of the apertures via cross-linkers.

Letant, Sonia E. (Livermore, CA); van Buuren, Anthony W. (Livermore, CA); Terminello, Louis J. (Danville, CA); Thelen, Michael P. (Danville, CA); Hope-Weeks, Louisa J. (Brentwood, CA); Hart, Bradley R. (Brentwood, CA)

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

120

Characterizing non-Markovianity via quantum interferometric power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-Markovian evolution in open quantum systems is often characterized in terms of the backflow of information from environment to system and is thus an important facet in investigating the performance and robustness of quantum information protocols. In this work, we explore non-Markovianity through the breakdown of monotonicity of a metrological figure of merit, called the quantum interferometric power, which is based on the minimal quantum Fisher information obtained by local unitary evolution of one part of the system, and can be interpreted as a quantifier of quantum correlations beyond entanglement. We investigate our proposed non-Markovianity indicator in two relevant examples. First, we consider the action of a single-party dephasing channel on a maximally entangled two-qubit state, by applying the Jamio{\\l}kowski-Choi isomorphism. We observe that the proposed measure is consistent with establshed non-Markovianity quantifiers defined using other approaches based on dynamical divisibility, distinguishability, and breakdown of monotonicity for the quantum mutual information. Further, we consider the dynamics of two-qubit Werner states, under the action of a local, single-party amplitude damping channel, and observe that the non-monotonic evolution of the quantum interferometric power is more robust than the corresponding one for entanglement in capturing the backflow of quantum information associated with the non-Markovian process. Implications for the role of non-Markovianity in quantum metrology and possible extensions to continuous variable systems are discussed.

Himadri Shekhar Dhar; Manabendra Nath Bera; Gerardo Adesso

2015-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Optical aperture synthesis with electronically connected telescopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Highest resolution imaging in astronomy is achieved by interferometry, connecting telescopes over increasingly longer distances, and at successively shorter wavelengths. Here, we present the first diffraction-limited images in visual light, produced by an array of independent optical telescopes, connected electronically only, with no optical links between them. With an array of small telescopes, second-order optical coherence of the sources is measured through intensity interferometry over 180 baselines between pairs of telescopes, and two-dimensional images reconstructed. The technique aims at diffraction-limited optical aperture synthesis over kilometre-long baselines to reach resolutions showing details on stellar surfaces and perhaps even the silhouettes of transiting exoplanets. Intensity interferometry circumvents problems of atmospheric turbulence that constrain ordinary interferometry. Since the electronic signal can be copied, many baselines can be built up between dispersed telescopes, and over long...

Dravins, Dainis; Nuñez, Paul D

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Fracture aperture reconstruction and determination of hydrological properties: a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fracture aperture reconstruction and determination of hydrological properties: a case study for fracture aperture reconstruction. The rst one is a correlation technique that estimates the normal aper techniques are applied to discontinuities extracted from a core drilled down to 20 m in a fractured marl

Toussaint, Renaud

123

Microfabricated high-bandpass foucault aperture for electron microscopy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variant of the Foucault (knife-edge) aperture is disclosed that is designed to provide single-sideband (SSB) contrast at low spatial frequencies but retain conventional double-sideband (DSB) contrast at high spatial frequencies in transmission electron microscopy. The aperture includes a plate with an inner open area, a support extending from the plate at an edge of the open area, a half-circle feature mounted on the support and located at the center of the aperture open area. The radius of the half-circle portion of reciprocal space that is blocked by the aperture can be varied to suit the needs of electron microscopy investigation. The aperture is fabricated from conductive material which is preferably non-oxidizing, such as gold, for example.

Glaeser, Robert; Cambie, Rossana; Jin, Jian

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

124

Interferometric array design: optimizing the locations of the antenna pads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The design of an interferometric array should allow optimal instrumental response regarding all possible source positions, times of integration and scientific goals. It should also take into account constraints such as forbidden regions on the ground due to impracticable topography. The complexity of the problem requires one to proceed by steps. A possible approach is to first consider a single observation and a single scientific purpose. A new algorithm is introduced to solve efficiently this particular problem called the configuration problem. It is based on the computation of pressure forces related to the discrepancies between the model (as determined by the scientific purpose) and the actual distribution of Fourier samples. The flexibility and rapidity of the method are well adapted to the full array design. A software named APO that can be used for the design of new generation interferometers such as ALMA and ATA has been developed.

F. Boone

2001-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

125

Radio interferometric gain calibration as a complex optimization problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent developments in optimization theory have extended some traditional algorithms for least-squares optimization of real-valued functions (Gauss-Newton, Levenberg-Marquardt, etc.) into the domain of complex functions of a complex variable. This employs a formalism called the Wirtinger derivative, and derives a full-complex Jacobian counterpart to the conventional real Jacobian. We apply these developments to the problem of radio interferometric gain calibration, and show how the general complex Jacobian formalism, when combined with conventional optimization approaches, yields a whole new family of calibration algorithms, including those for the polarized and direction-dependent gain regime. We further extend the Wirtinger calculus to an operator-based matrix calculus for describing the polarized calibration regime. Using approximate matrix inversion results in computationally efficient implementations; we show that some recently proposed calibration algorithms such as StefCal and peeling can be understood...

Smirnov, Oleg

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture imaging opportunities Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

University Collection: Engineering ; Physics 2 PAPER 2004-230 Investigating Fracture Aperture Distributions Summary: . Keller14 imaged the fracture apertures using X-ray...

127

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture flow imaging Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Institute of Technology Collection: Engineering 3 PAPER 2004-230 Investigating Fracture Aperture Distributions Summary: to correction. ABSTRACT Fracture aperture is usually...

128

Impact of backscattered light in a squeezing-enhanced interferometric gravitational-wave detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Squeezed states of light have been recently used to improve the sensitivity of laser-interferometric gravitational-wave detectors beyond the quantum limit. To completely establish quantum engineering as a realistic option ...

Chua, S S Y

129

Maneuvering of Distributed Space-Borne Sensors for Optimal Interferometric Imaging Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MANEUVERING OF DISTRIBUTED SPACE-BORNE SENSORS FOR OPTIMAL INTERFEROMETRIC IMAGING PERFORMANCE A Thesis by JULIE SANDBERG Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2010 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering MANEUVERING OF DISTRIBUTED SPACE-BORNE SENSORS FOR OPTIMAL INTERFEROMETRIC IMAGING PERFORMANCE A Thesis by JULIE SANDBERG Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies...

Sandberg, Julie

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

130

Finding Large Aperture Fractures in Geothermal Resource Areas...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

A Three-Component Long-Offset Surface Seismic Survey, PSInSAR, and Kinematic Analysis Finding Large Aperture Fractures in Geothermal Resource Areas Using A Three-Component...

131

aperture optical system: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 May 15, 2003 Vol. 28, No. 10 OPTICS LETTERS 801 Phase retrieval for high-numerical-aperture optical systems Biotechnology...

132

Receiver for solar energy collector having improved aperture aspect  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A secondary concentrator for use in receiver systems for linear focusing primary concentrators is provided with reflector wings at each end. The wings increase the capture of light rays reflected from areas adjacent the rim of a primary concentrator, increasing the apparent aperture size of the absorber as viewed from the rim of the primary concentrator. The length, tilt, and curvature of the wing reflectors can be adjusted to provide an absorber having a desired aperture aspect.

McIntire, William R. (Downers Grove, IL)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Effective Aperture of a Large Pseudorandom Low-Frequency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(LWA) LWA Station State of New Mexico, USA Aperture synthesis radio telescope · About 50 "stations" across New Mexico · Each station is an array of many elements · 20 - 80 MHz (at least) Project Status 16.6562 for Realistic = 3.0 in E-Plane = 0.5 in H-Plane [m2] Crude Estimate for Single Stand #12;8 Effective Aperture

Ellingson, Steven W.

134

Performance comparison of fiber tips in interferometric displacement mesurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fiber optic displacement sensors have many potential advantages over traditional displacement measurement techniques, including small size, immunity to electromagnetic interference, electrical isolation, and high resolution. In this report, we focus on an interferometric fiber optic sensor, where the gap between the fiber tip and the device under test forms a Fabry-Perot resonant cavity. An optical interrogator measures the reflected intensity at wavelengths ranging from 1510 to 1590 nm. The spacing between resonant frequencies allows us to determine the distance from the tip to the device under test. We consider ferrule connector angled physical contact (FC/APC), ferrule connector ultra physical contact (FC/UPC) and unpolished cleaved tips and compare their influence on sensor performance. A plane wave propagation model is proposed for predicting tip effects. Comparisons are made on the basis of sensor measurement range, resolution, and sensitivity to changes in test conditions. In this paper, we discuss the experimental setup, detail our analysis, and present test results with recommendations for the applications of each tip.

Moro, Erik [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Grahn, Rick R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Karimi, Hussain H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wilson, Kyle L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Puckett, Anthony D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

135

System for interferometric distortion measurements that define an optical path  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved phase-shifting point diffraction interferometer can measure both distortion and wavefront aberration. In the preferred embodiment, the interferometer employs an object-plane pinhole array comprising a plurality of object pinholes located between the test optic and the source of electromagnetic radiation and an image-plane mask array that is positioned in the image plane of the test optic. The image-plane mask array comprises a plurality of test windows and corresponding reference pinholes, wherein the positions of the plurality of pinholes in the object-plane pinhole array register with those of the plurality of test windows in image-plane mask array. Electromagnetic radiation that is directed into a first pinhole of object-plane pinhole array thereby creating a first corresponding test beam image on the image-plane mask array. Where distortion is relatively small, it can be directly measured interferometrically by measuring the separation distance between and the orientation of the test beam and reference-beam pinhole and repeating this process for at least one other pinhole of the plurality of pinholes of the object-plane pinhole array. Where the distortion is relative large, it can be measured by using interferometry to direct the stage motion, of a stage supporting the image-plane mask array, and then use the final stage motion as a measure of the distortion.

Bokor, Jeffrey; Naulleau, Patrick

2003-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

136

Quantum discord determines the interferometric power of quantum states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum metrology exploits quantum mechanical laws to improve the precision in estimating technologically relevant parameters such as phase, frequency, or magnetic fields. Probe states are usually tailored on the particular dynamics whose parameters are being estimated. Here we consider a novel framework where quantum estimation is performed in an interferometric configuration, using bipartite probe states prepared when only the spectrum of the generating Hamiltonian is known. We introduce a figure of merit for the scheme, given by the worst case precision over all suitable Hamiltonians, and prove that it amounts exactly to a computable measure of discord-type quantum correlations for the input probe. We complement our theoretical results with a metrology experiment, realized in a highly controllable room-temperature nuclear magnetic resonance setup, which provides a proof-of-concept demonstration for the usefulness of discord in sensing applications. Discordant probes are shown to guarantee a nonzero precision in the estimation procedure for different generating Hamiltonians, while classically correlated probes are unable to accomplish the estimation in a worst case setting. This work establishes a rigorous and direct operational interpretation for general quantum correlations, shedding light on their potential for quantum technology.

Davide Girolami; Alexandre M. Souza; Vittorio Giovannetti; Tommaso Tufarelli; Jefferson G. Filgueiras; Roberto S. Sarthour; Diogo O. Soares-Pinto; Ivan S. Oliveira; Gerardo Adesso

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

137

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture optics system Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

optics system Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aperture optics...

138

Synthetic biology: Understanding biological design from synthetic circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An important aim of synthetic biology is to uncover the design principles of natural biological systems through the rational design of gene and protein circuits. Here, we highlight how the process of engineering biological ...

Mukherji, Shankar

139

DTU Synthetic Promoter Library Standard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this RFC is to outline a method for generating a BioBrick compatible Synthetic Promoter Library (SPL) within bacteria in order to fine-tune the expression of BioBrick parts and devices.

Fortuna, Patrick

2010-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

140

Synthetic biology and crop engineering  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Breakout Session 2: Frontiers and Horizons Session 2-A: Synthetic Biology and the Promise of Biofuels Jonathan Burbaum, Program Director, Department of Energy, Office of Science, ARPA–E

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

SYNTHETIC SLING FAILURE - EVALUATIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The information and evaluations provided in this report were compiled to address the recurring problem of synthetic sling failure. As safety is the number one priority in all work aspects, a solution must be devised to prevent accidents from occurring. A total of thirteen cases regarding synthetic sling failure were evaluated in order to determine their causes, effects, and preventative measures. From the collected data, it was found that all cases in which the synthetic sling contacted the edge of its load resulted in sling failure. It is required that adequate synthetic sling protection devices be used to protect slings in any lift where the sling comes in direct contact with the edge or corner of its load. However, there are no consensus codes or standards stating the type, material, or purpose of the type of protective device used to protect the sling from being cut. Numerous industry standards and codes provide vague descriptions on how to protect synthetic slings. Without a clear, concise statement of how to protect synthetic slings, it is common for inadequate materials and sling protection devices to be used in an attempt to meet the intent of these requirements. The use of an inadequate sling protection device is the main cause of synthetic sling failure in all researched cases. Commercial sling protection devices come in many shapes and sizes, and have a variety of names, as well as advertised uses. 'Abrasion pads' and 'wear protectors' are two different names for products with the same intended purpose. There is no distinguishable way to determine the extent of sling protection which these devices will provide, or what specific scenarios they are made for. This creates room for error in a field where error is unacceptable. This report provides a recommended action for hoisting and rigging activities which require synthetic slings to contact a load, as well as recommended changes to industry standards which will benefit overall industry safety.

MACKEY TC; HENDERSON CS

2009-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

142

Hydraulic transmissivity and heat exchanges: aperture lowpass filtering model 1 Natural open joints in rocks commonly present multi-scale self-affine apertures. This  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydraulic transmissivity and heat exchanges: aperture lowpass filtering model 1 SUMMARY Natural aperture that describes at best the macroscopic properties (hydraulic conductivity, heat exchange of the effective hydraulic and thermal properties (apertures). A detailed study of the influence of the bandwidth

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

143

Catching the fish - Constraining stellar parameters for TX Psc using spectro-interferometric observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stellar parameter determination is a challenging task when dealing with galactic giant stars. The combination of different investigation techniques has proven to be a promising approach. We analyse archive spectra obtained with the Short-Wavelength-Spectrometer (SWS) onboard of ISO, and new interferometric observations from the Very Large Telescope MID-infrared Interferometric instrument (VLTI/MIDI) of a very well studied carbon-rich giant: TX Psc. The aim of this work is to determine stellar parameters using spectroscopy and interferometry. The observations are used to constrain the model atmosphere, and eventually the stellar evolutionary model in the region where the tracks map the beginning of the carbon star sequence. Two different approaches are used to determine stellar parameters: (i) the 'classic' interferometric approach where the effective temperature is fixed by using the angular diameter in the N-band (from interferometry) and the apparent bolometric magnitude; (ii) parameters are obtained by fit...

Klotz, D; Hron, J; Aringer, B; Sacuto, S; Marigo, P; Verhoelst, T

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

INTERFEROMETRIC VISIBILITY OF A SCINTILLATING SOURCE: STATISTICS AT THE NYQUIST LIMIT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We derive the distribution of interferometric visibility for a source exhibiting strong diffractive scintillation, with particular attention to spectral resolution at or near the Nyquist limit. We also account for arbitrary temporal averaging, intrinsic variability within the averaging time, and the possibility of spatially extended source emission. We demonstrate that the interplay between scintillation and self-noise induces several remarkable features, such as a broad ''skirt'' in the visibility distribution. Our results facilitate the interpretation of interferometric observations of pulsars at meter and decimeter wavelengths.

Johnson, M. D.; Gwinn, C. R., E-mail: michaeltdh@physics.ucsb.edu, E-mail: cgwinn@physics.ucsb.edu [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States)

2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

145

aperture shield materials: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

aperture shield materials First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Light-weight Flexible...

146

Future Prospects of Synthetic Fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is important for the future of this nation to reach the goal of demonstrated definition and quantification of the parameters which influence the ability to use this country's vast resources of coal and oil shale for production of synthetic fuels...

Fryback, M. G.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Interferometric velocity analysis using physical and nonphysical energy Simon King1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interferometric velocity analysis using physical and nonphysical energy Simon King1 , Andrew Curtis as apparent energy that could not have propagated between receiver locations -- so-called nonphysical energy. We have developed a novel method of velocity analysis that uses both the physical and nonphysical

148

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture diffractive space Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for: aperture diffractive space Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 20 May 2011: PHYS 252 Wave Optics (Chapter 22) Summary: -Wesley. Circular-Aperture Diffraction Light of wavelength...

149

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture lightweight space Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

binary search spaces. An aperture pattern k... , "Coded aperture imaging in X- and Gamma- ray astronomy," Space Science Reviews, pp. 349-403, 1987. 2 9... What are Good...

150

Time Reversal Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging In Multipath Yuanwei Jin, Jose M.F. Moura, and Nicholas O'Donoughue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Michael T. Mulford and Alphonso A. Samuel Raytheon Missile Systems Tucson, AZ 85734 Abstract Conventional by a rail-mounted SAR sensor operated by Raytheon. 1 Introduction Many data adaptive high resolution-mounted SAR sensor at Raytheon in a rich scattering environment. 2 Mathematical Description of TR

Moura, José

151

Active control of passive acoustic fields: Passive synthetic apertureDoppler beamforming with data from an autonomous  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from an autonomous vehicle Gerald L. D'Spain,a Eric Terrill, C. David Chadwell, Jerome A. Smith August 2006 The maneuverability of autonomous underwater vehicles AUVs equipped with hull-mounted arrays

Smith, Jerome A.

152

Comparing synthetic aperture radar and LiDAR for above-ground biomass estimation in Glen Affric, Scotland   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantifying above-ground biomass (AGB) and carbon sequestration has been a significant focus of attention within the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol for improvement of national carbon accounting systems (IPCC, 2007; UNFCCC, ...

Tan, Chue Poh

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

153

Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of production-related subsidence at the Dixie Valley geothermal field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

site and the Okuaizu geothermal field, Japan", Geothermics,at the Cerro Prieto geothermal field, Baja California,and seismicity in the Coso geothermal area, Inyo County,

Foxall, B.; Vasco, D.W.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Use of synthetic aperture radar for offshore wind resource assessment and wind farm development in the UK   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The UK has an abundant offshore wind resource with offshore wind farming set to grow rapidly over the coming years. Optimisation of energy production is of the utmost importance and accurate estimates of wind speed distributions are critical...

Cameron, Iain Dickson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Synthetic LDL as targeted drug delivery vehicle  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a synthetic LDL nanoparticle comprising a lipid moiety and a synthetic chimeric peptide so as to be capable of binding the LDL receptor. The synthetic LDL nanoparticle of the present invention is capable of incorporating and targeting therapeutics to cells expressing the LDL receptor for diseases associated with the expression of the LDL receptor such as central nervous system diseases. The invention further provides methods of using such synthetic LDL nanoparticles.

Forte, Trudy M. (Berkeley, CA); Nikanjam, Mina (Richmond, CA)

2012-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

156

Synthetic thermoelectric materials comprising phononic crystals  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Synthetic thermoelectric materials comprising phononic crystals can simultaneously have a large Seebeck coefficient, high electrical conductivity, and low thermal conductivity. Such synthetic thermoelectric materials can enable improved thermoelectric devices, such as thermoelectric generators and coolers, with improved performance. Such synthetic thermoelectric materials and devices can be fabricated using techniques that are compatible with standard microelectronics.

El-Kady, Ihab F; Olsson, Roy H; Hopkins, Patrick; Reinke, Charles; Kim, Bongsang

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

157

PNP - a new class of coded aperture arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors report on a new class of coded aperture arrays which has all the desirable imaging characteristics of the Uniformly Redundant Array (URA), yet is constructible in dimensions which are forbidden to that design. In addition, the new arrays (called PNP arrays, for Pseudo-Noise Product) are of self-supporting geometry, simplifying fabrication and making them ideal candidates for situations where active collimators are employed, as for example in high-energy ..gamma..-ray imaging. A unique and important feature of all PNP arrays is the ability to produce reconstructed images whose noise is uniform regardless of the original source structure. A comparison of the predicted performance of the PNP, URA, GEOMETRIC, and PINHOLE designs is presented. Coded aperture imaging, which utilizes position-sensitive detectors, was first proposed as a means for detecting x-ray and gamma sources.

Gottesman, S.R.; Schneid, E.J.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

3276 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, VOL. 60, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2013 An Interferometric Reflectance Imaging Sensor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3276 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, VOL. 60, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2013 An Interferometric of the medical industry [1]. The rapid market growth in this sector as compared to traditional di- Manuscript

159

Nano-Hertz Gravitational Waves Searches with Interferometric Pulsar Timing Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We estimate the sensitivity to nano-Hertz gravitational waves of pulsar timing experiments in which two highly-stable millisecond pulsars are tracked simultaneously with two neighboring radio telescopes that are referenced to the same time-keeping subsystem (i.e. "the clock"). By taking the difference of the two time-of-arrival residual data streams we can exactly cancel the clock noise in the combined data set, thereby enhancing the sensitivity to gravitational waves. We estimate that, in the band ($10^{-9} - 10^{-8}$) Hz, this "interferometric" pulsar timing technique can potentially improve the sensitivity to gravitational radiation by almost two orders of magnitude over that of single-telescopes. Interferometric pulsar timing experiments could be performed with neighboring pairs of antennas of the forthcoming large arraying projects.

Massimo Tinto

2011-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

160

Bayesian inference on compact binary inspiral gravitational radiation signals in interferometric data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Presented is a description of a Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) parameter estimation routine for use with interferometric gravitational radiational data in searches for binary neutron star inspiral signals. Five parameters associated with the inspiral can be estimated, and summary statistics are produced. Advanced MCMC methods were implemented, including importance resampling and prior distributions based on detection probability, in order to increase the efficiency of the code. An example is presented from an application using realistic, albeit fictitious, data.

Christian Röver; Renate Meyer; Nelson Christensen

2006-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Design of fuel optimal maneuvers for multi-spacecraft interferometric imaging systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF CONTENTS CHAPTER Page I INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 II MULTI-SPACECRAFT IMAGING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 A. Basics of Interferometric Imaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1. The Huygens Fresnel Principle... as caused by a distribution of sources located over the z = 0 plane as: ?U(r, ?omega) = -i?k 2pi integraldisplay infinity infinity sigma(rprime)?? ?exp(i ?kr) r dr prime (2.8) where sigma(x) is the distribution function of the sources. 1. The Huygens Fresnel...

Ramirez Riberos, Jaime Luis

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

162

Synthetic carbonaceous fuels and feedstocks  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates to the use of a three compartment electrolytic cell in the production of synthetic carbonaceous fuels and chemical feedstocks such as gasoline, methane and methanol by electrolyzing an aqueous sodium carbonate/bicarbonate solution, obtained from scrubbing atmospheric carbon dioxide with an aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, whereby the hydrogen generated at the cathode and the carbon dioxide liberated in the center compartment are combined thermocatalytically into methanol and gasoline blends. The oxygen generated at the anode is preferably vented into the atmosphere, and the regenerated sodium hydroxide produced at the cathode is reused for scrubbing the CO.sub.2 from the atmosphere.

Steinberg, Meyer (Huntington Station, NY)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Coded aperture imaging with self-supporting uniformly redundant arrays  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A self-supporting uniformly redundant array pattern for coded aperture imaging. The present invention utilizes holes which are an integer times smaller in each direction than holes in conventional URA patterns. A balance correlation function is generated where holes are represented by 1's, nonholes are represented by -1's, and supporting area is represented by 0's. The self-supporting array can be used for low energy applications where substrates would greatly reduce throughput. The balance correlation response function for the self-supporting array pattern provides an accurate representation of the source of nonfocusable radiation.

Fenimore, Edward E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Design of thick aperture for fine-resolution neutron penumbral imaging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Compact sources of 14-MeV neutrons have been imaged with a penumbral-coded aperture at a two-point resolution of 80{mu}m. We desire to improve the penumbral-aperture microscope to obtain resolutions as fine as 10{mu}m. In penumbral-coded-aperture imaging, the resolution is ultimately limited by the sharpness of the aperture point-spread function. I present a design for a thick penumbral aperture that provides the desired sharpness over a field of view of 150{mu}m. The point-spread function of these apertures is sufficiently isoplanatic and distortion-free to allow linear reconstruction of complex source distributions. The designs is generally appropriate for similar imaging techniques, such as fine-resolution neutron or gamma-ray pinhole imaging. 5 refs., 5 figs.

Ress, D.

1989-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

165

Aperture-based antihydrogen gravity experiment: Parallel plate geometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analytical model and a Monte Carlo simulation are presented of an experiment that could be used to determine the direction of the acceleration of antihydrogen due to gravity. The experiment would rely on methods developed by existing antihydrogen research collaborations. The configuration consists of two circular, parallel plates that have an axis of symmetry directed away from the center of the earth. The plates are separated by a small vertical distance, and include one or more pairs of circular barriers that protrude from the upper and lower plates, thereby forming an aperture between the plates. Antihydrogen annihilations that occur just beyond each barrier, within a “shadow” region, are asymmetric on the upper plate relative to the lower plate. The probability for such annihilations is determined for a point, line and spheroidal source of antihydrogen. The production of 100,000 antiatoms is predicted to be necessary for the aperture-based experiment to indicate the direction of free fall acceleration of antimatter, provided that antihydrogen is produced within a sufficiently small antiproton plasma at a temperature of 4 K.

Rocha, J. R.; Hedlof, R. M.; Ordonez, C. A. [Department of Physics, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas 76203 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas 76203 (United States)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

A thermal neutron source imager using coded apertures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To facilitate the process of re-entry vehicle on-site inspections, it would be useful to have an imaging technique which would allow the counting of deployed multiple nuclear warheads without significant disassembly of a missile`s structure. Since neutrons cannot easily be shielded without massive amounts of materials, they offer a means of imaging the separate sources inside a sealed vehicle. Thermal neutrons carry no detailed spectral information, so their detection should not be as intrusive as gamma ray imaging. A prototype device for imaging at close range with thermal neutrons has been constructed using an array of {sup 3}He position-sensitive gas proportional counters combined with a uniformly redundant coded aperture array. A sealed {sup 252}Cf source surrounded by a polyethylene moderator is used as a test source. By means of slit and pinhole experiments, count rates of image-forming neutrons (those which cast a shadow of a Cd aperture on the detector) are compared with the count rates for background neutrons. The resulting ratio, which limits the available image contrast, is measured as a function of distance from the source. The envelope of performance of the instrument is defined by the contrast ratio, the angular resolution, and the total count rate as a function of distance from the source. These factors will determine whether such an instrument could be practical as a tool for treaty verification.

Vanier, P.E.; Forman, L.; Selcow, E.C.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture radar interferometry Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

path difference between apertures. Expressions are given for the measured Source: Fienup, James R. - Institute of Optics & Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering,...

168

Apparatus and method for deterministic control of surface figure during full aperture polishing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A polishing system configured to polish a lap includes a lap configured to contact a workpiece for polishing the workpiece; and a septum configured to contact the lap. The septum has an aperture formed therein. The radius of the aperture and radius the workpiece are substantially the same. The aperture and the workpiece have centers disposed at substantially the same radial distance from a center of the lap. The aperture is disposed along a first radial direction from the center of the lap, and the workpiece is disposed along a second radial direction from the center of the lap. The first and second radial directions may be opposite directions.

Suratwala, Tayyab Ishaq; Feit, Michael Dennis; Steele, William Augustus

2013-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

169

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture uvoir space Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 52 Quantum Coherence in a Superfluid Josephson Junction Supradeep Narayana and Yuki Sato Summary: of 75 75 60 nm apertures...

170

High Resolution Backside Imaging and Thermography using a Numerical Aperture Increasing Lens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High Resolution Backside Imaging and Thermography using a Numerical Aperture Increasing Lens M. S, representing the highest resolution subsurface thermography to date. Keywords: thermal imaging, high

171

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture restriction localisation Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 2 Abstract: A new design methodology for a stripline-to-microstrip-line coupler using apertures in their common...

172

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum oxide aperture Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aluminum oxide aperture Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 EFFECTS OF INTERFERENCE AND OXIDATION ON...

173

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture radar insar Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

. A further study demonstrated that the phase component of INSAR is only weakly affected by the real aperture... radar (RAR) modulation 12. On the other hand, under ......

174

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced technology large-aperture Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(Advanced Photonix). These diodes were chosen for two reasons. First... pulsed terahertz emitter, a large-aperture GaAs photoconductive switch, is carried out. It is...

175

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture tabletop soft Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition... Light Fields and Coded Aperture Refocusing, in proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH 2007 (ACM Transactions... - denheimer,...

176

E-Print Network 3.0 - apertures ii theoretical Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 39, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2001 291 Image Reconstruction and Enhanced Resolution Summary: imposed by the aperture function nulls...

177

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture synthesis observations Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Canarias Collection: Physics 77 Image and Depth from a Conventional Camera with a Coded Aperture Anat Levin Rob Fergus Fredo Durand William T. Freeman Summary: Image and Depth...

178

Fracture of synthetic diamond M. D. Droty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fracture of synthetic diamond M. D. Droty Ctystallume, 3506 Bassett Street, Santa Clara, California 1995) The fracture behavior of synthetic diamond has been investigated using indentation methods and by the tensile testing of pre-notched fracture-mechanics type samples. Specifically, the fracture toughness

Ritchie, Robert

179

Hybrid Compton camera/coded aperture imaging system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system in one embodiment includes an array of radiation detectors; and an array of imagers positioned behind the array of detectors relative to an expected trajectory of incoming radiation. A method in another embodiment includes detecting incoming radiation with an array of radiation detectors; detecting the incoming radiation with an array of imagers positioned behind the array of detectors relative to a trajectory of the incoming radiation; and performing at least one of Compton imaging using at least the imagers and coded aperture imaging using at least the imagers. A method in yet another embodiment includes detecting incoming radiation with an array of imagers positioned behind an array of detectors relative to a trajectory of the incoming radiation; and performing Compton imaging using at least the imagers.

Mihailescu, Lucian (Livermore, CA); Vetter, Kai M. (Alameda, CA)

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

180

The Balloon-borne Large Aperture Sub-millimetre Telescope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Balloon-borne Large-Aperture Sub-millimetre Telescope (BLAST) will operate on a Long Duration Balloon platform with large format bolometer arrays at 250, 350 and 500 microns, initially using a 2m mirror, with plans to increase to 2.5m. BLAST is a collaboration between scientists in the USA, Canada, UK, Italy and Mexico. Funding has been approved and it is now in its building phase. The test flight is scheduled for 2002, with the first long duration flight the following year. The scientific goals are to learn about the nature of distant extragalactic star forming galaxies and cold pre-stellar sources by making deep maps both at high and low galactic latitudes. BLAST will be useful for planning Herschel key projects which use SPIRE.

Douglas Scott; the BLAST Team

2001-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The role of the solvent viscosity on the spatiotemporal instabilities of large aperture dye lasers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The role of the solvent viscosity on the spatiotemporal instabilities of large aperture dye lasers for publication 27 May 1998 Local intensity fluctuations in a large aperture dye laser have been measured of Physics. S0003-6951 98 00131-4 High energy flash-lamp pumped dye lasers are charac- terized by a large

Rey Juan Carlos, Universidad

182

The role of the molecular dynamics in the local intensity instabilities of large aperture dye lasers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The role of the molecular dynamics in the local intensity instabilities of large aperture dye fluctuations of large aperture dye lasers, and find dependencies on solvent viscosity and active molecular size dye lasers are used in a great deal of practical applications, from isotope enrichment to photody

Rey Juan Carlos, Universidad

183

An interferometric and spectroscopic argon arc plasma diagnostic This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An interferometric and spectroscopic argon arc plasma diagnostic This article has been downloaded An interferometric and spectroscopic argon arc plasma diagnostic K MusioltS, A Czernichowskit, J ChapelleS and C de diagnostics of an arc plasma, when the halfwidth of the Balmer H, line is measured, there is a certain amount

184

Abstract The rapidly emerging field of synthetic biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract The rapidly emerging field of synthetic biology originated, as synthetic biology has expanded into mammalian systems, it is increasingly more. Biomaterials will play an important role in advancing synthetic biology

Reisslein, Martin

185

Hydraulic transmissivity and heat exchange efficiency of open fractures: a model based on lowpass filtered apertures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Natural open joints in rocks commonly present multi-scale self-affine apertures. This geometrical complexity affects fluid transport and heat exchange between the flow- ing fluid and the surrounding rock. In particular, long range correlations of self-affine apertures induce strong channeling of the flow which influences both mass and heat advection. A key question is to find a geometrical model of the complex aperture that describes at best the macroscopic properties (hydraulic conductivity, heat exchange) with the smallest number of parameters. Solving numerically the Stokes and heat equa- tions with a lubrication approximation, we show that a low pass filtering of the aperture geometry provides efficient estimates of the effective hydraulic and thermal properties (apertures). A detailed study of the influence of the bandwidth of the lowpass filtering on these transport properties is also performed. For instance, keeping the information of amplitude only of the largest Fourier length scales allows us to rea...

Neuville, Amélie; Schmittbuhl, Jean; 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05126.x

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Fourth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California, February 9-11, 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the level of measurement noise found in InSAR observations is also important to quantify. Under certain displacement- field measurements. First, in (e.g.) an undrained fracture, they can cause direct inflation or consumed (e.g. Lecampion et al., 2005). Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) is a well

Stanford University

187

Researchers in the faculty of Civil Engineering and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The measurements can be used to predict natural hazards like earthquakes or volcanic eruptions, or to assess, such as oil & gas, transport, infrastructure and construction, rely heavily on geodetic data. Scientifically-called Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar systems (InSAR). Pros and cons of InSAR With InSAR it is possible

Langendoen, Koen

188

Sensors 2008, 8, 3903-3931; DOI: 10.3390/s8063903 OPEN ACCESS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sensors 2008, 8, 3903-3931; DOI: 10.3390/s8063903 OPEN ACCESS sensors ISSN 1424-8220 www.mdpi.org/sensors to readers with a background in SAR. Keywords: Microscopy, Interferometric, Synthetic Aperture, Radar, Optical Coherence To- mography. #12;Sensors 2008, 8 3904 1. Introduction Traditional sensing modalities

Bhargava, Rohit

189

TWO-DIMENSIONAL POLYNOMIAL PHASE SIGNALS: PARAMETER ESTIMATION AND BOUNDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the problem of modeling and analyzing Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data, and in particular Interferometric SAR (INSAR) images, involves the analysis of complex valued 2-D non-homogeneous signals. Perspective such as camera calibration and the computation of shape from texture. Existing solutions to problems where

Francos, Joseph M.

190

Sinking cities in Indonesia: ALOS PALSAR detects rapid subsidence due to groundwater and gas extraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sinking cities in Indonesia: ALOS PALSAR detects rapid subsidence due to groundwater and gas and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, USA b Institute of Technology, Bandung (ITB), Indonesia c Korea online xxxx Keywords: Subsidence Interferometric synthetic aperture radar SBAS time-series Indonesia We

Amelung, Falk

191

Interseismic deformation and creep along the central section of the North Anatolian Fault (Turkey): InSAR observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interseismic deformation and creep along the central section of the North Anatolian Fault (Turkey the central section of the North Anatolian Fault (NAF) in Turkey using interferometric synthetic aperture along the central section of the North Anatolian Fault (Turkey): InSAR observations and implications

Fialko, Yuri

192

Interseismic deformation and creep along the central section of the North Anatolian Fault (Turkey): InSAR observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interseismic deformation and creep along the central section of the North Anatolian Fault (Turkey Anatolian Fault (NAF) in Turkey using interferometric synthetic aperture radar data from the Advanced Land Anatolian Fault (Turkey): InSAR observations and implications for rate-and-state friction properties, J

Sandwell, David T.

193

Transient rift opening in response to multiple dike injections in the Manda Hararo rift (Afar, Ethiopia)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Ethiopia) imaged by timedependent elastic inversion of interferometric synthetic aperture radar data R intrusions in the Manda Hararo­Dabbahu rift (Afar, Ethiopia) from 2005 to 2009 show that transient in response to multiple dike injections in the Manda Hararo rift (Afar, Ethiopia) imaged by timedependent

Socquet, Anne

194

September 2005 Manda Hararo-Dabbahu rifting event, Afar (Ethiopia): Constraints provided by geodetic data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

September 2005 Manda Hararo-Dabbahu rifting event, Afar (Ethiopia): Constraints provided of complementary geodetic data for the 2005 rifting event of Afar (Ethiopia). Interferometric synthetic aperture, Afar (Ethiopia): Constraints provided by geodetic data, J. Geophys. Res., 114, B08404, doi:10

Nicolas, Chamot-Rooke

195

published in JGR, 105, 21,781-21,794, 2000 Deformation and seismicity in the Coso geothermal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

published in JGR, 105, 21,781-21,794, 2000 Deformation and seismicity in the Coso geothermal area. Interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) data collected in the Coso geothermal area, eastern California with the production area of the Coso geothermal plant. The maximum subsidence rate in the peak of the anomaly is 3

196

InSAR observations of aseismic slip associated with an earthquake swarm in the Columbia River flood basalts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's Hanford Site. Data from the seismic network along with interferometric synthetic aperture radar (In detected nearly 40 years ago in and around the Hanford Nuclear Site located in the eastern YFB [Pitt, 1971; Malone et al., 1975] (Figure 1). The Wooded Island area of Hanford has been a source of persistent

197

Interferometric adaptive optics for high power laser pointing, wave-front control and phasing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Implementing the capability to perform fast ignition experiments, as well as, radiography experiments on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) places stringent requirements on the control of each of the beam's pointing and overall wavefront quality. One quad of the NIF beams, 4 beam pairs, will be utilized for these experiments and hydrodynamic and particle-in-cell simulations indicate that for the fast ignition experiments, these beams will be required to deliver 50% (4.0 kJ) of their total energy (7.96 kJ) within a 40 {micro}m diameter spot at the end of a fast ignition cone target. This requirement implies a stringent pointing and overall phase conjugation error budget on the adaptive optics system used to correct these beam lines. The overall encircled energy requirement is more readily met by phasing of the beams in pairs but still requires high Strehl ratios, Sr, and rms tip/tilt errors of approximately one {micro}rad. To accomplish this task we have designed an interferometric adaptive optics system capable of beam pointing, high Strehl ratio and beam phasing with a single pixilated MEMS deformable mirror and interferometric wave-front sensor. We present the design of a testbed used to evaluate the performance of this wave-front sensor below along with simulations of its expected performance level.

Baker, K L; Stappaerts, E A; Homoelle, D C; Henesian, M A; Bliss, E S; Siders, C W; Barty, C J

2009-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

198

Spotlight SAR interferometry for terrain elevation mapping and interferometric change detection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this report, we employ an approach quite different from any previous work; we show that a new methodology leads to a simpler and clearer understanding of the fundamental principles of SAR interferometry. This methodology also allows implementation of an important collection mode that has not been demonstrated to date. Specifically, we introduce the following six new concepts for the processing of interferometric SAR (INSAR) data: (1) processing using spotlight mode SAR imaging (allowing ultra-high resolution), as opposed to conventional strip-mapping techniques; (2) derivation of the collection geometry constraints required to avoid decorrelation effects in two-pass INSAR; (3) derivation of maximum likelihood estimators for phase difference and the change parameter employed in interferometric change detection (ICD); (4) processing for the two-pass case wherein the platform ground tracks make a large crossing angle; (5) a robust least-squares method for two-dimensional phase unwrapping formulated as a solution to Poisson`s equation, instead of using traditional path-following techniques; and (6) the existence of a simple linear scale factor that relates phase differences between two SAR images to terrain height. We show both theoretical analysis, as well as numerous examples that employ real SAR collections to demonstrate the innovations listed above.

Eichel, P.H.; Ghiglia, D.C.; Jakowatz, C.V. Jr. [and others

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Reconstruction of source location in a network of gravitational wave interferometric detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper deals with the reconstruction of the direction of a gravitational wave source using the detection made by a network of interferometric detectors, mainly the LIGO and Virgo detectors. We suppose that an event has been seen in coincidence using a filter applied on the three detector data streams. Using the arrival time (and its associated error) of the gravitational signal in each detector, the direction of the source in the sky is computed using a {chi}{sup 2} minimization technique. For reasonably large signals (SNR>4.5 in all detectors), the mean angular error between the real location and the reconstructed one is about 1 deg. . We also investigate the effect of the network geometry assuming the same angular response for all interferometric detectors. It appears that the reconstruction quality is not uniform over the sky and is degraded when the source approaches the plane defined by the three detectors. Adding at least one other detector to the LIGO-Virgo network reduces the blind regions and in the case of 6 detectors, a precision less than 1 deg. on the source direction can be reached for 99% of the sky.

Cavalier, Fabien; Barsuglia, Matteo; Bizouard, Marie-Anne; Brisson, Violette; Clapson, Andre-Claude; Davier, Michel; Hello, Patrice; Kreckelbergh, Stephane; Leroy, Nicolas; Varvella, Monica [Laboratoire de l'Accelerateur Lineaire, IN2P3-CNRS et Universite Paris-Sud 11, Centre Scientifique d'Orsay, B.P. 34, 91898 Orsay Cedex (France)

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

200

Dust Scattering in Miras R Car and RR Sco resolved by optical interferometric polarimetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present optical interferometric polarimetry measurements of the Mira-like variables R Car and RR Sco, using the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer. By making visibility measurements in two perpendicular polarisations, the relatively low-surface brightness light scattered by atmospheric dust could be spatially separated from the bright Mira photospheric flux. This is the first reported successful use of long-baseline optical interferometric polarimetry. Observations were able to place constraints on the distribution of circumstellar material in R Car and RR Sco. The inner radius of dust formation for both stars was found to be less than 3 stellar radii: much closer than the expected innermost stable location for commonly-assumed astrophysical ``dirty silicate'' dust in these systems (silicate dust with a significant iron content). A model with the dust distributed over a shell which is geometrically thin compared to the stellar radius was preferred over an outflow. We propose dust components whose chemistry and opacity properties enable survival at these extreme inner radii.

M. J. Ireland; P. G. Tuthill; J. Davis; W. Tango

2005-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The evolved circumbinary disk of AC Her: a radiative transfer, interferometric and mineralogical study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We aim to constrain the structure of the circumstellar material around the post-AGB binary and RV Tauri pulsator AC Her. We want to constrain the spatial distribution of the amorphous as well as of the crystalline dust. We present very high-quality mid-IR interferometric data that were obtained with MIDI/VLTI. We analyse the MIDI data and the full SED, using the MCMax radiative transfer code, to find a good structure model of AC Her's circumbinary disk. We include a grain size distribution and midplane settling of dust self-consistently. The spatial distribution of crystalline forsterite in the disk is investigated with the mid-IR features, the 69~$\\mu$m band and the 11.3~$\\mu$m signatures in the interferometric data. All the data are well fitted. The inclination and position angle of the disk are well determined at i=50+-8 and PA=305+-10. We firmly establish that the inner disk radius is about an order of magnitude larger than the dust sublimation radius. Significant grain growth has occurred, with mm-sized ...

Hillen, M; Menu, J; Van Winckel, H; Min, M; Mulders, G D

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Molecular Interactions of Plutonium(VI) with SyntheticManganese...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Interactions of Plutonium(VI) with Synthetic Manganese-Substituted Goethite. Molecular Interactions of Plutonium(VI) with Synthetic Manganese-Substituted Goethite. Abstract:...

203

A modelling framework for Synthetic Biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A modelling framework for Synthetic Biology Jakob Jakobsen Boysen Sune Mølgaard Laursen Kongens, 14-03-2014 Jakob Jakobsen Boysen & Sune Mølgaard Laursen #12;vi #12;Contents Summary (English) i

204

Synthetic analogs of bacterial quorum sensors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Bacterial quorum-sensing molecule analogs having the following structures: ##STR00001## and methods of reducing bacterial pathogenicity, comprising providing a biological system comprising pathogenic bacteria which produce natural quorum-sensing molecule; providing a synthetic bacterial quorum-sensing molecule having the above structures and introducing the synthetic quorum-sensing molecule into the biological system comprising pathogenic bacteria. Further is provided a method of targeted delivery of an antibiotic, comprising providing a synthetic quorum-sensing molecule; chemically linking the synthetic quorum-sensing molecule to an antibiotic to produce a quorum-sensing molecule-antibiotic conjugate; and introducing the conjugate into a biological system comprising pathogenic bacteria susceptible to the antibiotic.

Iyer, Rashi (Los Alamos, NM); Ganguly, Kumkum (Los Alamos, NM); Silks, Louis A. (Los Alamos, NM)

2011-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

205

Synthetic analogs of bacterial quorum sensors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Bacterial quorum-sensing molecule analogs having the following structures: ##STR00001## and methods of reducing bacterial pathogenicity, comprising providing a biological system comprising pathogenic bacteria which produce natural quorum-sensing molecule; providing a synthetic bacterial quorum-sensing molecule having the above structures and introducing the synthetic quorum-sensing molecule into the biological system comprising pathogenic bacteria. Further is provided a method of targeted delivery of an antibiotic, comprising providing a synthetic quorum-sensing molecule; chemically linking the synthetic quorum-sensing molecule to an antibiotic to produce a quorum-sensing molecule-antibiotic conjugate; and introducing the conjugate into a biological system comprising pathogenic bacteria susceptible to the antibiotic.

Iyer, Rashi S.; Ganguly, Kumkum; Silks, Louis A.

2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

206

Foundational platform for mammalian synthetic biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The emergent field of synthetic biology is different from many other biological engineering efforts, in that its roots, design principles, and forward engineering perspective have been adopted from electrical engineering ...

Davidsohn, Noah (Noah Justin)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Synthetic morphogenesis : space, time, and deformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic biology has presented engineers with a fascinating opportunity: can we understand the principles of our origins { animal embryonic development - by re-engineering it in the laboratory? I investigate, from an ...

Brodsky, Micah Z. (Micah Zev)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs having at least one peptide chain that binds a heparin-binding growth factor receptor, covalently bound to a hydrophobic linker, which is in turn covalently bound to a non-signaling peptide that includes a heparin-binding domain. The synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs are useful as soluble biologics or as surface coatings for medical devices.

Pena, Louis A.; Zamora, Paul; Lin, Xinhua; Glass, John D.

2007-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

209

Aperture-Tolerant, Chemical-Based Methods to Reduce Channeling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This final technical progress report describes work performed from October 1, 2004, through May 16, 2007, for the project, 'Aperture-Tolerant, Chemical-Based Methods to Reduce Channeling'. We explored the potential of pore-filling gels for reducing excess water production from both fractured and unfractured production wells. Several gel formulations were identified that met the requirements--i.e., providing water residual resistance factors greater than 2,000 and ultimate oil residual resistance factors (F{sub rro}) of 2 or less. Significant oil throughput was required to achieve low F{sub rro} values, suggesting that gelant penetration into porous rock must be small (a few feet or less) for existing pore-filling gels to provide effective disproportionate permeability reduction. Compared with adsorbed polymers and weak gels, strong pore-filling gels can provide greater reliability and behavior that is insensitive to the initial rock permeability. Guidance is provided on where relative-permeability-modification/disproportionate-permeability-reduction treatments can be successfully applied for use in either oil or gas production wells. When properly designed and executed, these treatments can be successfully applied to a limited range of oilfield excessive-water-production problems. We examined whether gel rheology can explain behavior during extrusion through fractures. The rheology behavior of the gels tested showed a strong parallel to the results obtained from previous gel extrusion experiments. However, for a given aperture (fracture width or plate-plate separation), the pressure gradients measured during the gel extrusion experiments were much higher than anticipated from rheology measurements. Extensive experiments established that wall slip and first normal stress difference were not responsible for the pressure gradient discrepancy. To explain the discrepancy, we noted that the aperture for gel flow (for mobile gel wormholing through concentrated immobile gel within the fracture) was much narrower than the width of the fracture. The potential of various approaches were investigated for improving sweep in parts of the Daqing Oil Field that have been EOR targets. Possibilities included (1) gel treatments that are directed at channeling through fractures, (2) colloidal dispersion gels, (3) reduced polymer degradation, (4) more viscous polymer solutions, and (5) foams and other methods. Fractures were present in a number of Daqing wells (both injectors and producers). Because the fractures were narrow far from the wellbore, severe channeling did not occur. On the contrary, fractures near the wellbore aided reservoir sweep. In the February 2006 issue of the Journal of Petroleum Technology, a 'Distinguished-Author-Series' paper claimed that a process using aqueous colloidal dispersion gels (CDG gels) performed superior to polymer flooding. Unfortunately, this claim is misleading and generally incorrect. Colloidal dispersion gels, in their present state of technological development, should not be advocated as an improvement to, or substitute for, polymer flooding.

Randall S. Seright

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

210

Thermal noise in advanced gravitational wave interferometric antennas: A comparison between arbitrary order Hermite and Laguerre Gaussian modes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the thermal noise caused by mechanical or thermomechanical dissipation in mirrors of interferometric gravitational wave antennas. We give relative figures of merit for arbitrary Hermite-Gauss or Laguerre-Gauss optical beams regarding the Brownian and thermoelastic noises (substrate and coating) in the infinite mirror approximation.

Vinet, Jean-Yves [Dpt. ARTEMIS, Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, C.N.R.S. and Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, 06304 Nice (France)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

211

Design considerations for a large aperture high field superconducting dipole  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The final phase of the Fermilab upgrade proposal calls for a new ring of superconducting magnets to be placed in the existing Main Accelerator tunnel. The goal of this design study is to specify a high field dipole (HFD) that is capable of supporting fixed target operation (ramping, resonant extraction) at a field of 6.6T (1.5 Tev) and colliding beam physics at 8.0T (1.8 Tev). The magnetic field quality at high field is set by the large amplitude orbits associated with resonant extraction. The field quality must therefore be at least as good as the existing Tevatron magnets which fulfill these criteria. The high fields and large aperture of this magnet result in large forces on the coil and collar assemblies. Therefore, the cold mass design must be able to sustain these forces while providing sufficient cooling to the coils during 4.2 K fixed target operation, and a minimum heat load during 1.8 K collider operation. The design work is still in progress but a cosine-theta, cold-iron dipole with a 70mm inner diameter coil has been tentatively adopted. This report presents details on the conductor and cable parameters, coil cross-section, projected manufacturing tolerances, iron yoke design, and cold mass assembly. 4 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

Harfoush, F.; Ankenbrandt, C.; Harrison, M.; Kerby, J.; Koepke, K.; Mantsch, P.; Nicol, T.; Riddiford, A.; Theilacker, J.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Constraints on flow regimes in wide-aperture fractures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In recent years, significant advances have been made in our understanding of the complex flow processes in individual fractures, aided by flow visualization experiments and conceptual modeling efforts. These advances have led to the recognition of several flow regimes in individual fractures subjected to different initial and boundary conditions. Of these, the most important regimes are film flow, rivulet flow, and sliding of droplets. The existence of such significantly dissimilar flow regimes has been a major hindrance in the development of self-consistent conceptual models of flow for single fractures that encompass all the flow regimes. The objective of this study is to delineate the existence of the different flow regimes in individual fractures. For steady-state flow conditions, we developed physical constraints on the different flow regimes that satisfy minimum energy configurations, which enabled us to segregate the wide range of fracture transmissivity (volumetric flow rate per fracture width) into several flow regimes. These are, in increasing order of flow rate, flow of adsorbed films, flow of sliding drops, rivulet flow, stable film flow, and unstable (turbulent) film flow. The scope of this study is limited to wide-aperture fractures with the flow on the opposing sides of fracture being independent.

Ghezzehei, Teamrat A.

2004-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

213

Synthetic Datasets Rong Huang, Rada Chirkova, Yahya Fathi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic Datasets Rong Huang, Rada Chirkova, Yahya Fathi 1 Introduction Datasets may be generated will define symmetric synthetic dataset and two types of non-symmetric synthetic datasets that has some introduce symmetric synthetic dataset, its structure and the properties of the associated views. In Section

Young, R. Michael

214

Adaptive Optics Nulling Interferometric Constraints on the Mid-Infrared Exozodiacal Dust Emission around Vega  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the results of mid-infrared nulling interferometric observations of the main-sequence star alpha Lyr (Vega) using the 6.5 m MMT with its adaptive secondary mirror. From the observations at 10.6 microns, we find that there is no resolved emission from the circumstellar environment (at separations greater than 0.8 AU) above 2.1% (3 sigma limit) of the level of the stellar photospheric emission. Thus, we are able to place an upper limit on the density of dust in the inner system of 650 times that of our own solar system's zodiacal cloud. This limit is roughly 2.8 times better than those determined with photometric excess observations such as those by IRAS. Comparison with far-infrared observations by IRAS shows that the density of warm dust in the inner system ( 80%) of the material in the outer system is ice.

Liu, W M; Hoffmann, W F; Brusa, G; Wildi, F; Miller, D; Lloyd-Hart, M; Kenworthy, M A; McGuire, P C; Angel, J R P

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Adaptive Optics Nulling Interferometric Constraints on the Mid-Infrared Exozodiacal Dust Emission around Vega  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the results of mid-infrared nulling interferometric observations of the main-sequence star alpha Lyr (Vega) using the 6.5 m MMT with its adaptive secondary mirror. From the observations at 10.6 microns, we find that there is no resolved emission from the circumstellar environment (at separations greater than 0.8 AU) above 2.1% (3 sigma limit) of the level of the stellar photospheric emission. Thus, we are able to place an upper limit on the density of dust in the inner system of 650 times that of our own solar system's zodiacal cloud. This limit is roughly 2.8 times better than those determined with photometric excess observations such as those by IRAS. Comparison with far-infrared observations by IRAS shows that the density of warm dust in the inner system ( 80%) of the material in the outer system is ice.

W. M. Liu; P. M. Hinz; W. F. Hoffmann; G. Brusa; F. Wildi; D. Miller; M. Lloyd-Hart; M. A. Kenworthy; P. C. McGuire; J. R. P. Angel

2004-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

216

Interferometric phase detection at x-ray energies via Fano resonance control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modern x-ray light sources promise access to structure and dynamics of matter in largely unexplored spectral regions. However, the desired information is encoded in the light intensity and phase, whereas detectors register only the intensity. This phase problem is ubiquitous in crystallography and imaging, and impedes the exploration of quantum effects at x-ray energies. Here, we demonstrate phase-sensitive measurements characterizing the quantum state of a nuclear two-level system at hard x-ray energies. The nuclei are initially prepared in a superposition state. Subsequently, the relative phase of this superposition is interferometrically reconstructed from the emitted x-rays. Our results form a first step towards x-ray quantum state tomography, and provide new avenues for structure determination and precision metrology via x-ray Fano interference.

K. P. Heeg; C. Ott; D. Schumacher; H. -C. Wille; R. Röhlsberger; T. Pfeifer; J. Evers

2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

217

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture radar intensity Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

radar must have a large power-aperture product. Second, in order to obtain accurate wind velocities... arrays. The early radars could be pointed in only a few, Fig. 1. RHI...

218

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture based imrt Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the values of EUD were calculated. (3) Simulation of IMRT... is the direct aperture optimization (DAO) method. The IMRT plans generated by DAO can be delivered within 10 min......

219

E-Print Network 3.0 - array aperture probes Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

29 NEAR-FIELD SCANNING OPTICAL MICRO PROBE INTEGRATED WITH ANANOMETER-SIZED LIGHT EMITTING DIODE Summary: apertures2,3 and probes with a light absorbing gold particle or a...

220

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture radar 3d Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3d Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aperture radar 3d Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 CHAPTER 9CHAPTER 9CHAPTER 9:CHAPTER 9: Active and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

E-Print Network 3.0 - apertures Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sato Summary: in which we take an array of nanoscale apertures that form a superfluid 4He Josephson junction and apply... quantum phase gradients directly along the array. We...

222

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture grb observatory Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Mathematics 8 arXiv:astro-ph9711245v120Nov1997 To be published in "Gamma-Ray Bursts, 4th Huntsville Symposium", 1998, ed. Summary: aperture to the APT, but has a...

223

Multipinhole collimator with 20 apertures for a brain SPECT application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Several new technologies for single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) instrumentation with parallel-hole collimation have been proposed to improve detector sensitivity and signal collection efficiency. Benefits from improved signal efficiency include shorter acquisition times and lower dose requirements. In this paper, the authors show a possibility of over an order of magnitude enhancement in photon detection efficiency (from 7.6 × 10{sup ?5} to 1.6 × 10{sup ?3}) for dopamine transporter (DaT) imaging of the striatum over the conventional SPECT parallel-hole collimators by use of custom-designed 20 multipinhole (20-MPH) collimators with apertures of 0.75 cm diameter. Methods: Quantifying specific binding ratio (SBR) of {sup 123}I-ioflupane or {sup 123}I-iometopane’s signal at the striatal region is a common brain imaging method to confirm the diagnosis of the Parkinson’s disease. The authors performed imaging of a striatal phantom filled with aqueous solution of I-123 and compared camera recovery ratios of SBR acquired between low-energy high-resolution (LEHR) parallel-hole collimators and 20-MPH collimators. Results: With only two-thirds of total acquisition time (20 min against 30 min), a comparable camera recovery ratio of SBR was achieved using 20-MPH collimators in comparison to that from the LEHR collimator study. Conclusions: Their systematic analyses showed that the 20-MPH collimator could be a promising alternative for the DaT SPECT imaging for brain over the traditional LEHR collimator, which could give both shorter scan time and improved diagnostic accuracy.

Lee, Tzu-Cheng; Ellin, Justin R.; Shrestha, Uttam; Seo, Youngho, E-mail: youngho.seo@ucsf.edu [Physics Research Laboratory, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, California 94107 (United States); Huang, Qiu [School of Biomedical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030 (China); Gullberg, Grant T. [Department of Radiotracer Development and Imaging Technology, Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94702 (United States)

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

New Synthetic Methods for Hypericum Natural Products  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Organic chemistry has served as a solid foundation for interdisciplinary research areas, such as molecular biology and medicinal chemistry. An understanding of the biological activities and structural elucidations of natural products can lead to the development of clinically valuable therapeutic options. The advancements of modern synthetic methodologies allow for more elaborate and concise natural product syntheses. The theme of this study centers on the synthesis of natural products with particularly challenging structures and interesting biological activities. The synthetic expertise developed here will be applicable to analog syntheses and to other research problems.

Insik Jeon

2006-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

225

Synthetic heparin-binding factor analogs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs having at least one peptide chain, and preferably two peptide chains branched from a dipeptide branch moiety composed of two trifunctional amino acid residues, which peptide chain or chains bind a heparin-binding growth factor receptor and are covalently bound to a non-signaling peptide that includes a heparin-binding domain, preferably by a linker, which may be a hydrophobic linker. The synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs are useful as pharmaceutical agents, soluble biologics or as surface coatings for medical devices.

Pena, Louis A. (Poquott, NY); Zamora, Paul O. (Gaithersburg, MD); Lin, Xinhua (Plainview, NY); Glass, John D. (Shoreham, NY)

2010-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

226

Direct aperture optimization for online adaptive radiation therapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper is the first investigation of using direct aperture optimization (DAO) for online adaptive radiation therapy (ART). A geometrical model representing the anatomy of a typical prostate case was created. To simulate interfractional deformations, four different anatomical deformations were created by systematically deforming the original anatomy by various amounts (0.25, 0.50, 0.75, and 1.00 cm). We describe a series of techniques where the original treatment plan was adapted in order to correct for the deterioration of dose distribution quality caused by the anatomical deformations. We found that the average time needed to adapt the original plan to arrive at a clinically acceptable plan is roughly half of the time needed for a complete plan regeneration, for all four anatomical deformations. Furthermore, through modification of the DAO algorithm the optimization search space was reduced and the plan adaptation was significantly accelerated. For the first anatomical deformation (0.25 cm), the plan adaptation was six times more efficient than the complete plan regeneration. For the 0.50 and 0.75 cm deformations, the optimization efficiency was increased by a factor of roughly 3 compared to the complete plan regeneration. However, for the anatomical deformation of 1.00 cm, the reduction of the optimization search space during plan adaptation did not result in any efficiency improvement over the original (nonmodified) plan adaptation. The anatomical deformation of 1.00 cm demonstrates the limit of this approach. We propose an innovative approach to online ART in which the plan adaptation and radiation delivery are merged together and performed concurrently--adaptive radiation delivery (ARD). A fundamental advantage of ARD is the fact that radiation delivery can start almost immediately after image acquisition and evaluation. Most of the original plan adaptation is done during the radiation delivery, so the time spent adapting the original plan does not increase the overall time the patient has to spend on the treatment couch. As a consequence, the effective time allotted for plan adaptation is drastically reduced. For the 0.25, 0.5, and 0.75 cm anatomical deformations, the treatment time was increased by only 2, 4, and 6 s, respectively, as compared to no plan adaptation. For the anatomical deformation of 1.0 cm the time increase was substantially larger. The anatomical deformation of 1.0 cm represents an extreme case, which is rarely observed for the prostate, and again demonstrates the limit of this approach. ARD shows great potential for an online adaptive method with minimal extension of treatment time.

Mestrovic, Ante; Milette, Marie-Pierre; Nichol, Alan; Clark, Brenda G.; Otto, Karl [Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada and Medical Physics, BC Cancer Agency-Vancouver Centre, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada); Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada) and Medical Physics, BC Cancer Agency-Centre for the Southern Interior, Kelowna, British Columbia (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, BC Cancer Agency-Vancouver Centre, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada); Medical Physics, Ottawa Hospital Regional Cancer Centre, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada); Medical Physics, BC Cancer Agency-Vancouver Centre, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

227

Intelligibility enhancement of synthetic speech in noise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intelligibility enhancement of synthetic speech in noise C´assia Valentini Botinh~ao TH E U N I V E of a hidden Markov model (HMM-) based speech synthesis system that allows for flexible enhancement strategies with noise-independent enhancement approaches based on the acoustics of highly intelligible speech

Edinburgh, University of

228

1 Synthetic Texturing 1.1 Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Synthetic Texturing 1.1 Introduction This dissertation describes improved methods for computer of this, the top of Figure 1.1 shows a horse model with a white surface and the bottom shows this same-hocformulasforlightreflection Figure 1.1: Stripe texture created using reaction-diffusion. Top is an untextured horse and the bottom

Turk, Greg

229

Immobilization of radioiodine in synthetic boracite  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nuclear waste storage product is disclosed in which radioiodine is incorporated in a synthetic boracite. The boracite may be prepared by reacting a transition metal iodide with an alkali horate under mild hydrothermal conditions, drying the reaction product, and then hot pressing.

Babad, H.; Strachan, D.M.

1982-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

230

CO2 Capture with Enzyme Synthetic Analogue  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Project overview provides background on carbonic anhydrase transport mechanism for CO2 in the human body and proposed approach for ARPA-E project to create a synthetic enzyme analogue and utilize it in a membrane for CO2 capture from flue gas.

Harry Cordatos

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

SYNTHETIC LUBRICANTS, INC 1411 Callaghan Drive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 SYNTHETIC LUBRICANTS, INC 1411 Callaghan Drive Greenville, MI 48838 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET irritating and potentially toxic fumes containing oxides of nitrogen if exposed to extreme heat in air: (Conditions to Avoid) Stable under normal use conditions and in final use concentration. Incompatibility

Rollins, Andrew M.

232

SYNTHETIC LUBRICANTS, INC 1411 Callaghan Drive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 SYNTHETIC LUBRICANTS, INC 1411 Callaghan Drive Greenville, MI 48838 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET. It will produce irritating and potentially toxic fumes containing oxides of nitrogen if exposed to extreme heat: (Conditions to Avoid) Stable under normal use conditions and in final use concentration. Incompatibility

Rollins, Andrew M.

233

Synthetic fuel production by indirect coal liquefaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic fuel production by indirect coal liquefaction Eric D. Larson Princeton Environmental@princeton.edu Ren Tingjin Department of Thermal Engineering, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China This paper reports detailed process designs and cost assessments for production of clean liquid fuels (methanol

234

Conduction Effect of Thermal Radiation in a Metal Shield Pipe in a Cryostat for a Cryogenic Interferometric Gravitational Wave Detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A large heat load caused by thermal radiation through a metal shield pipe was observed in a cooling test of a cryostat for a prototype of a cryogenic interferometric gravitational wave detector. The heat load was approximately 1000 times larger than the value calculated by the Stefan-Boltzmann law. We studied this phenomenon by simulation and experiment and found that it was caused by the conduction of thermal radiation in a metal shield pipe.

Takayuki Tomaru; Masao Tokunari; Kazuaki Kuroda; Takashi Uchiyama; Akira Okutomi; Masatake Ohashi; Hiroyuki Kirihara; Nobuhiro Kimura; Yoshio Saito; Nobuaki Sato; Takakazu Shintomi; Toshikazu Suzuki; Tomiyoshi Haruyama; Shinji Miyoki; Kazuhiro Yamamoto; Akira Yamamoto

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

235

Feedback control of flow separation using synthetic jets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The primary goal of this research is to assess the effect of synthetic jets on flow separation and provide a feedback control strategy for flow separation using synthetic jets. The feedback control synthesis is conducted based upon CFD simulation...

Kim, Kihwan

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

236

Aspects of the political economy of development and synthetic biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What implications might synthetic biology’s potential as a wholly new method of production have for the world economy, particularly developing countries? Theories of political economy predict that synthetic biology can ...

Wellhausen, Rachel

237

Interferometric and seismic constraints on the roAp star alpha Cir  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present new constraints on the rapidly oscillating Ap star alpha Cir, derived from a combination of interferometric and photometric data obtained with the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer (SUSI) and the WIRE satellite. The highlights of our study are: 1. The first determination of the angular diameter of an roAp star. 2. A nearly model-independent determination of the effective temperature of alpha Cir, which is found to be lower than previously estimated values. 3. Detection of two new oscillation frequencies allowing a determination of the large separation of alpha Cir. Based on this new information, we have computed non-magnetic and magnetic models for alpha Cir. We show that the value of the observed large separation found from the new data agrees well with that derived from theoretical models. Moreover, we also show how the magnetic field may explain some of the anomalies seen in the oscillation spectrum and how these in turn provide constraints on the magnitude and topology of the magnetic field.

I. M. Brandao; H. Bruntt; M. Cunha; D. W. Kurtz

2008-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

238

Modeling and Validation of Performance Limitations for the Optimal Design of Interferometric and Intensity-Modulated Fiber Optic Displacement Sensors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optical fiber sensors offer advantages over traditional electromechanical sensors, making them particularly well-suited for certain measurement applications. Generally speaking, optical fiber sensors respond to a desired measurand through modulation of an optical signal's intensity, phase, or wavelength. Practically, non-contacting fiber optic displacement sensors are limited to intensity-modulated and interferometric (or phase-modulated) methodologies. Intensity-modulated fiber optic displacement sensors relate target displacement to a power measurement. The simplest intensity-modulated sensor architectures are not robust to environmental and hardware fluctuations, since such variability may cause changes in the measured power level that falsely indicate target displacement. Differential intensity-modulated sensors have been implemented, offering robustness to such intensity fluctuations, and the speed of these sensors is limited only by the combined speed of the photodetection hardware and the data acquisition system (kHz-MHz). The primary disadvantages of intensity-modulated sensing are the relatively low accuracy (?m-mm for low-power sensors) and the lack of robustness, which consequently must be designed, often with great difficulty, into the sensor's architecture. White light interferometric displacement sensors, on the other hand, offer increased accuracy and robustness. Unlike their monochromatic-interferometer counterparts, white light interferometric sensors offer absolute, unambiguous displacement measurements over large displacement ranges (cm for low-power, 5 mW, sources), necessitating no initial calibration, and requiring no environmental or feedback control. The primary disadvantage of white light interferometric displacement sensors is that their utility in dynamic testing scenarios is limited, both by hardware bandwidth and by their inherent high-sensitivity to Doppler-effects. The decision of whether to use either an intensity-modulated interferometric sensor depends on an appropriate performance function (e.g., desired displacement range, accuracy, robustness, etc.). In this dissertation, the performance limitations of a bundled differential intensity-modulated displacement sensor are analyzed, where the bundling configuration has been designed to optimize performance. The performance limitations of a white light Fabry-Perot displacement sensor are also analyzed. Both these sensors are non-contacting, but they have access to different regions of the performance-space. Further, both these sensors have different degrees of sensitivity to experimental uncertainty. Made in conjunction with careful analysis, the decision of which sensor to deploy need not be an uninformed one.

Moro, Erik A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

239

Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2012 Synthetic Cable Termination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PENNSTATE Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2012 Synthetic Cable Termination Overview to be grasped. The methods for terminating the metallic cable will not work with the synthetic cable, so a new termination method is needed. The synthetic cable is a new design that has yet to be successfully terminated

Demirel, Melik C.

240

Numerical Methods for the Valuation of Synthetic Collateralized Debt Obligations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical Methods for the Valuation of Synthetic Collateralized Debt Obligations by Xiaofang Ma Methods for the Valuation of Synthetic Collateralized Debt Obligations Xiaofang Ma Doctor of Philosophy methods for synthetic CDO valuation are presented. iii #12;Acknowledgements Although many people have

Toronto, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Composition and Biodegradation of a Synthetic Oil Spilled on the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-AN8) as well as a total of 27 L of hydraulic fluid MIL-5605 and synthetic turbine oil Aeroshell 500 in January 2003 on the 5 m-thick perennial ice cover of Lake Fryxell, spilling synthetic turbine oil et al. (9). Here, we compare the initial chemical composition of the synthetic turbine lubricant

Priscu, John C.

242

HUTTON ET. AL.: PARAMETERIZED GENERATION OF SYNTHETIC COMBINATIONAL BENCHMARK CIRCUITS 1 Characterization and Parameterized Generation of Synthetic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HUTTON ET. AL.: PARAMETERIZED GENERATION OF SYNTHETIC COMBINATIONAL BENCHMARK CIRCUITS 1 Characterization and Parameterized Generation of Synthetic Combinational Benchmark Circuits Michael D. Hutton placement and routing algorithms. In this paper, we present a method and a tool for generating parameterized

Rose, Jonathan

243

Operating the LCLS Gas Attenuator and Gas Detector System with Apertures of 6mm Diameter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The possibility of increasing the apertures of the LCLS gas attenuator/gas detector system is considered. It is shown that increase of the apertures from 3 to 6 mm, together with 4-fold reduction of the operation pressure does not adversely affect the vacuum conditions upstream or downstream. No change of the pump speed and the lengths of the differential pumping cells is required. One minor modification is the use of 1.5 cm long tubular apertures in the end cells of the differential pumping system. Reduction of the pressure does not affect performance of the gas attenuator/gas detector system at the FEL energies below, roughly, 2 keV. Some minor performance degradation occurs at higher energies.

Ryutov, D.D.; Bionta, R.M.; Hau-Riege, S.P.; Kishiyama, K.I.; Roeben, M.D.; Shen, S.; /LLNL, Livermore; Stefan, P.M.; /SLAC; ,

2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

244

Production of synthetic hydrocarbon fuels from peat  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A process and apparatus for production of synthetic hydrocarbon fuels from peat providing wide variation of the composite proportion of liquid-gas output while maintaining high overall carbon conversion to useful fuel. The process and apparatus utilizes three process stages in a single vessel providing functions of drying wet peat, provisions for addition of both wet and dry peat to a hydropyrolysis zone and gasification of the peat char.

Bodle, W.W.; Punwani, D.; Weil, S.A.

1982-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

245

Flow control via synthetic jet actuation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4.1 Wind Tunnel Model Showing SJA Drive Through Acrylic Access Panel ..........41 4.2 Cross Section of Trailing Edge Showing Original Plenum Design .....................41 4.3 Cross Section of Trailing Edge Showing Narrow Plenum Design.... ...........................................................48 1 1. INTRODUCTION General This thesis presents a study of the effects of flow control on a NACA0015 airfoil using Synthetic Jet Actuators (SJA) at different locations along the chord. The purpose of this research was to show...

Miller, Adam Cole

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

246

Radiance: Synthetic Imaging System | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, search RAPIDColoradosource History ViewRadiance: Synthetic Imaging System

247

SYSTEMATIC EFFECTS IN INTERFEROMETRIC OBSERVATIONS OF THE COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND POLARIZATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The detection of the primordial B-mode spectrum of the polarized cosmic microwave background (CMB) signal may provide a probe of inflation. However, observation of such a faint signal requires excellent control of systematic errors. Interferometry proves to be a promising approach for overcoming such a challenge. In this paper we present a complete simulation pipeline of interferometric observations of CMB polarization, including systematic errors. We employ two different methods for obtaining the power spectra from mock data produced by simulated observations: the maximum likelihood method and the method of Gibbs sampling. We show that the results from both methods are consistent with each other as well as, within a factor of six, with analytical estimates. Several categories of systematic errors are considered: instrumental errors, consisting of antenna gain and antenna coupling errors; and beam errors, consisting of antenna pointing errors, beam cross-polarization, and beam shape (and size) errors. In order to recover the tensor-to-scalar ratio, r, within a 10% tolerance level, which ensures the experiment is sensitive enough to detect the B-signal at r = 0.01 in the multipole range 28 < l < 384, we find that, for a QUBIC-like experiment, Gaussian-distributed systematic errors must be controlled with precisions of |g{sub rms}| = 0.1 for antenna gain, |{epsilon}{sub rms}| = 5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -4} for antenna coupling, {delta}{sub rms} Almost-Equal-To 0. Degree-Sign 7 for pointing, {zeta}{sub rms} Almost-Equal-To 0. Degree-Sign 7 for beam shape, and {mu}{sub rms} = 5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -4} for beam cross-polarization. Although the combined systematic effects produce a tolerance level on r twice as large for an experiment with linear polarizers, the resulting bias in r for a circular experiment is 15% which is still on the level of desirable sensitivity.

Karakci, Ata; Korotkov, Andrei; Tucker, Gregory S. [Department of Physics, Brown University, 182 Hope Street, Providence, RI 02912 (United States); Zhang Le; Timbie, Peter [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Sutter, P. M.; Wandelt, Benjamin D. [Department of Physics, 1110 W. Green Street, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States); Bunn, Emory F., E-mail: ata_karakci@brown.edu [Physics Department, University of Richmond, Richmond, VA 23173 (United States)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

248

Tunable coherent radiation at soft X-ray wavelengths: Generation and interferometric applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The availability of high power, spectrally and spatially coherent soft x-rays (SXR) would facilitate a wide variety of experiments as this energy region covers the primary resonances of many magnetic and biological materials. Specifically, there are the carbon and oxygen K-edges that are critical for biological imaging in the water window and the L-edges of iron, nickel, and cobalt for which imaging and scattering studies can be performed. A new coherent soft X-ray branchline at the Advanced Light Source has begun operation (beamline 12.0.2). Using the third harmonic from an 8 cm period undulator, this branch delivers coherent soft x-rays with photon energies ranging from 200eV to 1keV. This branchline is composed of two sub-branches one at 14X demagnification and the other 8X demagnification. The former is optimized for use at 500eV and the latter at 800eV. Here the expected power from the third harmonic of this undulator and the beamline design and characterization is presented. The characterization includes measurements on available photon flux as well as a series of double pinhole experiments to determine the coherence factor with respect to transverse distance. The first high quality Airy patterns at SXR wavelengths are created with this new beamline. The operation of this new beamline allows for interferometry to be performed in the SXR region. Here an interferometric experiment designed to directly determine the index of refraction of a material under test is performed. Measurements are first made in the EUV region using an established beamline (beamline12.0.1) to measure silicon, ruthenium and tantalum silicon nitride. This work is then extended to the SXR region using beamline 12.0.2 to test chromium and vanadium.

Rosfjord, Kristine Marie

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Seismic gravity-gradient noise in interferometric gravitational-wave detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When ambient seismic waves pass near an interferometric gravitational-wave detector, they induce density perturbations in the earth which produce fluctuating gravitational forces on the interferometer's test masses. These forces mimic a stochastic background of gravitational waves and thus constitute noise. We compute this noise using the theory of multimode Rayleigh and Love waves propagating in a layered medium that approximates the geological strata at the LIGO sites. We characterize the noise by a transfer function $T(f) \\equiv \\tilde x(f)/\\tilde W(f)$ from the spectrum of direction averaged ground motion $\\tilde W(f)$ to the spectrum of test mass motion $\\tilde x(f) = L\\tilde h(f)$ (where $L$ is the length of the interferometer's arms, and $\\tilde h(f)$ is the spectrum of gravitational-wave noise). This paper's primary foci are (i) a study of how $T(f)$ depends on the various seismic modes; (ii) an attempt to estimate which modes are excited at the LIGO sites at quiet and noisy times; and (iii) a corresponding estimate of the seismic gravity-gradient noise level. At quiet times the noise is below the benchmark noise level of ``advanced LIGO interferometers'' (although not by much near 10 Hz); it may significantly exceed this level at noisy times. The lower edge of our quiet-time noise is a limit beyond which there is little gain from further improvements in vibration isolation and thermal noise, unless one also reduces seismic gravity-gradient noise. Two methods of reduction are discussed: monitoring the earth's density perturbations, computing their gravitational forces, and correcting the data for those forces; and constructing narrow moats around the interferometers' test masses to shield out the fundamental-mode Rayleigh waves, which we suspect dominate at quiet times.

Scott A. Hughes; Kip S. Thorne

1998-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

250

High Resolution Backside Imaging and Thermography using a Numerical Aperture Increasing Lens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High Resolution Backside Imaging and Thermography using a Numerical Aperture Increasing Lens Shawn inspection alone, it is necessary to develop techniques, such as thermography, with the capability ­solid immersion lens microscopy and thermography. Standard non-contact optical resolution is limited

251

High-resolution fracture aperture mapping using optical profilometry Pasha Ameli,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-resolution fracture aperture mapping using optical profilometry Pasha Ameli,1 Jean E. Elkhoury] Fractures play an important role in the Earth's crust, often controlling both mechanical and transport of fracture surfaces and the contacts and void spaces between fracture surfaces at high spatial resolution (10

Elkhoury, Jean

252

Micro/nanofabricated environments for synthetic biology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A better understanding of how confinement, crowding and reduced dimensionality modulate reactivity and reaction dynamics will aid in the rational and systematic discovery of functionality in complex biological systems. Artificial micro- and nanofabricated structures have helped elucidate the effects of nanoscale spatial confinement and segregation on biological behavior, particularly when integrated with microfluidics, through precise control in both space and time of diffusible signals and binding interactions. Examples of nanostructured interfaces for synthetic biology include the development of cell-like compartments for encapsulating biochemical reactions, nanostructured environments for fundamental studies of diffusion, molecular transport and biochemical reaction kinetics, and regulation of biomolecular interactions as functions of micro- and nanofabricated topological constraints.

Collier, Pat [ORNL; Simpson, Michael L [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Structural Characteristics of Synthetic Amorphous Calcium Carbonate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) is an important phase involved in calcification by a wide variety of invertebrate organisms and is of technological interest in the development of functional materials. Despite widespread scientific interest in this phase a full characterization of structure is lacking. This is mainly due to its metastability and difficulties in evaluating structure using conventional structure determination methods. Here we present new findings from the application of two techniques, pair distribution function analysis and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, which provide new insight to structural aspects of synthetic ACC. Several important results have emerged from this study of ACC formed in vitro using two common preparation methods: (1) ACC exhibits no structural coherence over distances > 15 {angstrom} and is truly amorphous; (2) most of the hydrogen in ACC is present as structural H{sub 2}O, about half of which undergoes restricted motion on the millisecond time scale near room temperature; (3) the short- and intermediate-range structure of ACC shows no distinct match to any known structure in the calcium carbonate system; and (4) most of the carbonate in ACC is monodentate making it distinctly different from monohydrocalcite. Although the structure of synthetic ACC is still not fully understood, the results presented provide an important baseline for future experiments evaluating biogenic ACC and samples containing certain additives that may play a role in stabilization of ACC, crystallization kinetics, and final polymorph selection.

Michel, F. Marc; MacDonald, Jason; Feng, Jian; Phillips, Brian L.; Ehm, Lars; Tarabrella, Cathy; Parise, John B.; Reeder, Richard J. (SBU)

2008-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

254

Chemistry in Motion: Tiny Synthetic Motors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this Account, we describe how synthetic motors that operate by self-diffusiophoresis make use of a self-generated concentration gradient to drive motor motion. A description of propulsion by self-diffusiophoresis is presented for Janus particle motors comprising catalytic and noncatalytic faces. The properties of the dynamics of chemically powered motors are illustrated by presenting the results of particle-based simulations of sphere-dimer motors constructed from linked catalytic and noncatalytic spheres. The geometries of both Janus and sphere-dimer motors with asymmetric catalytic activity support the formation of concentration gradients around the motors. Because directed motion can occur only when the system is not in equilibrium, the nature of the environment and the role it plays in motor dynamics are described. Rotational Brownian motion also acts to limit directed motion, and it has especially strong effects for very small motors. We address the following question: how small can motors be and still exhibit effects due to propulsion, even if only to enhance diffusion? Synthetic motors have the potential to transform the manner in which chemical dynamical processes are carried out for a wide range of applications.

Peter H. Colberg; Shang Yik Reigh; Bryan Robertson; Raymond Kapral

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

255

An interferometric study of the Fomalhaut inner debris disk. III. Detailed models of the exozodiacal disk and its origin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[Abridged] Debris disks are extrasolar analogs to the solar system planetesimal belts. The star Fomalhaut harbors a cold debris belt at 140 AU as well as evidence of a warm dust component, which is suspected of being a bright analog to the solar system's zodiacal dust. Interferometric observations obtained with the VLTI and the KIN have identified near- and mid-infrared excesses attributed to hot and warm exozodiacal dust in the inner few AU of the star. We performed parametric modeling of the exozodiacal disk using the GRaTeR radiative transfer code to reproduce the interferometric data, complemented by mid- to far-infrared measurements. A detailed treatment of sublimation temperatures was introduced to explore the hot population at the sublimation rim. We then used an analytical approach to successively testing several source mechanisms. A good fit to the data is found by two distinct dust populations: (1) very small, hence unbound, hot dust grains confined in a narrow region at the sublimation rim of carbo...

Lebreton, J; Augereau, J -C; Absil, O; Mennesson, B; Kama, M; Dominik, C; Bonsor, A; Vandeportal, J; Beust, H; Defrère, D; Ertel, S; Faramaz, V; Hinz, P; Kral, Q; Lagrange, A -M; Liu, W; Thébault, P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Sorption-Enhanced Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG) Production from...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Natural Gas (SNG) Production from Syngas: A Novel Process Combining CO Methanation, Water-Gas Shift, Sorption-Enhanced Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG) Production from Syngas: A Novel...

257

A Synthetic Biology Framework for Programming Eukaryotic Transcription Functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eukaryotic transcription factors (TFs) perform complex and combinatorial functions within transcriptional networks. Here, we present a synthetic framework for systematically constructing eukaryotic transcription functions ...

Khalil, Ahmad S.

258

US Synthetic Corp (TRL 4 Component) - The Development of Open...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Polycrystalline Diamond Thrust Bearings for use in Marine Hydrokinetic (MHK) Energy Machines US Synthetic Corp (TRL 4 Component) - The Development of Open, Water Lubricated...

259

Synthetic nanotubes lay foundation for new technology: Artificial...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Synthetic nanotubes lay foundation for new technology: Artificial pores mimic key features of natural pores By Tona Kunz * July 17, 2012 Tweet EmailPrint Scientists have overcome...

260

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Synthetic Solutions...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

about synthetic solutions for correcting voltage fade in LMR-NMC cathodes. es190johnson2014o.pdf More Documents & Publications Cathode Synthesis and Voltage Fade: Designed...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Determination of the linear aperture of the SSC (Superconducting Supercollider) clustered lattice used for the conceptual design report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study is made of the linear aperture for the clustered lattice used for the SSC Conceptual Design Report. Random multipole errors are included in all magnetic elements including the insertion dipoles and quadrupoles. Based on the concept of smear, the linear aperture is equal to the dynamic aperture in the range -0.1 less than or equal to ..delta..P/P less than or equal to 0.03%. Strong coupling for ..delta..P/P > 0% produces large smears. A variation of the smear parameter that is insensitive to coupling is proposed. A comparison is made with results reported in the SSC Conceptual Design Report.

Dell, G.F.

1986-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

262

Fusion: an energy source for synthetic fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The decreasing availability of fossil fuels emphasizes the need to develop systems which will produce synthetic fuel to substitute for and supplement the natural supply. An important first step in the synthesis of liquid and gaseous fuels is the production of hydrogen. Thermonuclear fusion offers an inexhaustible source of energy for the production of hydrogen from water. Depending on design, electric generation efficiencies of approx. 40 to 60% and hydrogen production efficiencies by high temperature electrolysis of approx. 50 to 70% are projected for fusion reactors using high temperature blankets. Fusion/coal symbiotic systems appear economically promising for the first generation of commercial fusion synfuels plants. Coal production requirements and the environmental effects of large-scale coal usage would be greatly reduced by a fusion/coal system. In the long term, there could be a gradual transition to an inexhaustible energy system based solely on fusion.

Fillo, J A; Powell, J; Steinberg, M

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Gamma-ray observations of the Crab Region using a coded-aperture telescope  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The region of the Galactic anticenter, including the Crab Nebula, was observed during a balloon flight of the University of New Hampshire Directional Gamma-Ray Telescope employing the coded-aperture imaging technique to image celestial gamma-radiation between 160 keV and 9.3 MeV. The background systematics are treated with a simple and relatively straightforward correction procedure. The results demonstrate that the coded-aperture procedure is a viable approach for imaging not only point sources of radiation, but also extended sources of emission. The results for the Crab's photon spectrum are consistent with a power-law spectrum. Upper limits on the flux levels of line emission at 405 keV and 1050 keV and on the flux from the X-ray binary source A0535 + 26 and diffuse Galactic emission from the anticenter region are derived. 35 references.

Mcconnell, M.L.; Dunphy, P.P.; Forrest, D.J.; Chupp, E.L.; Owens, A.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Method for generating small and ultra small apertures, slits, nozzles and orifices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and device for one or more small apertures, slits, nozzles and orifices, preferably having a high aspect ratio. In one embodiment, one or more alternating layers of sacrificial layers and blocking layers are deposited onto a substrate. Each sacrificial layer is made of a material which preferably allows a radiation to substantially pass through. Each blocking layer is made of a material which substantially blocks the radiation.

Khounsary, Ali M. (Hinsdale, IL)

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

265

RF/optical shared aperture for high availability wideband communication RF/FSO links  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An RF/Optical shared aperture is capable of transmitting and receiving optical signals and RF signals simultaneously. This technology enables compact wide bandwidth communications systems with 100% availability in clear air turbulence, rain and fog. The functions of an optical telescope and an RF reflector antenna are combined into a single compact package by installing an RF feed at either of the focal points of a modified Gregorian telescope.

Ruggiero, Anthony J; Pao, Hsueh-yuan; Sargis, Paul

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

266

Coded aperture imaging with self-supporting uniformly redundant arrays. [Patent application  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A self-supporting uniformly redundant array pattern for coded aperture imaging. The invention utilizes holes which are an integer times smaller in each direction than holes in conventional URA patterns. A balance correlation function is generated where holes are represented by 1's, nonholes are represented by -1's, and supporting area is represented by 0's. The self-supporting array can be used for low energy applications where substrates would greatly reduce throughput.

Fenimore, E.E.

1980-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

267

Coded aperture imaging system optimized for hard x-ray and gamma ray astronomy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A coded aperture imaging system has been designed for the Gamma-Ray Imaging Spectrometer (GRIS). The system is optimized for imaging 511-keV positron-annihilation photons. For a galactic center 511-keV source strength of 10/sup -3/ cm/sup -2/s/sup -1/, the source location accuracy is expected to be +-0.2/sup 0/.

Gehrels, N.; Cline, T.L.; Huters, A.F.; Leventhal, M.; MacCallum, C.J.; Reber, J.D.; Stang, P.D.; Teegarden, B.J.; Tueller, J.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Measured Radiation and Background Levels During Transmission of Megawatt Electron Beams Through Millimeter Apertures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report measurements of photon and neutron radiation levels observed while transmitting a 0.43 MW electron beam through millimeter-sized apertures and during beam-off, but accelerating gradient RF-on, operation. These measurements were conducted at the Free-Electron Laser (FEL) facility of the Jefferson National Accelerator Laboratory (JLab) using a 100 MeV electron beam from an energy-recovery linear accelerator. The beam was directed successively through 6 mm, 4 mm, and 2 mm diameter apertures of length 127 mm in aluminum at a maximum current of 4.3 mA (430 kW beam power). This study was conducted to characterize radiation levels for experiments that need to operate in this environment, such as the proposed DarkLight Experiment. We find that sustained transmission of a 430 kW continuous-wave (CW) beam through a 2 mm aperture is feasible with manageable beam-related backgrounds. We also find that during beam-off, RF-on operation, multipactoring inside the niobium cavities of the accelerator cryomodules is the primary source of ambient radiation when the machine is tuned for 130 MeV operation.

Alarcon, Ricardo [Arizona State University, Glendale, AZ (United States); Balascuta, S. [Arizona State University, Glendale, AZ (United States); Benson, Stephen V. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Bertozzi, William [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Boyce, James R. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Cowan, Ray [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Douglas, David R. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Evtushenko, Pavel [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Fisher, P. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Ihloff, Ernest E. [Hampton University, Hampton, VA (United States); Kalantarians, Narbe [Hampton University, Hampton, VA (United States); Kelleher, Aidan Michael [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Krossler, W. J. [William and Mary College, Williamsburg, VA (United States); Legg, Robert A. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Long, Elena [University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH (United States); Milner, Richard [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Neil, George R. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Ou, Longwu [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Schmookler, Barack Abraham [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Tennant, Christopher D. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Tschalar, C. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Williams, Gwyn P. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Zhang, Shukui [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Directed evolution: an evolving and enabling synthetic biology tool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Directed evolution: an evolving and enabling synthetic biology tool Ryan E Cobb1 , Tong Si1 remains a valuable tool for synthetic biology, enabling the identification of desired functionalities from biological entity with the intent of identifying those with desired proper- ties. While a powerful tool

Zhao, Huimin

270

analogue synthetics coumarins: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

analogue synthetics coumarins First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Synthetic Analogues of...

271

Design of a near-field coded aperture cameras for high-resolution medical and industrial gamma-ray imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coded Aperture Imaging is a technique originally developed for X-ray astronomy, where typical imaging problems are characterized by far-field geometry and an object made of point sources distributed over a mainly dark ...

Accorsi, Roberto, 1971-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

A CLOSE COMPANION SEARCH AROUND L DWARFS USING APERTURE MASKING INTERFEROMETRY AND PALOMAR LASER GUIDE STAR ADAPTIVE OPTICS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a close companion search around 16 known early L dwarfs using aperture masking interferometry with Palomar laser guide star adaptive optics (LGS AO). The use of aperture masking allows the detection of close binaries, corresponding to projected physical separations of 0.6-10.0 AU for the targets of our survey. This survey achieved median contrast limits of {Delta}K {approx} 2.3 for separations between 1.2 {lambda}/D-4{lambda}/D and {Delta}K {approx} 1.4 at 2/3 {lambda}/D. We present four candidate binaries detected with moderate-to-high confidence (90%-98%). Two have projected physical separations less than 1.5 AU. This may indicate that tight-separation binaries contribute more significantly to the binary fraction than currently assumed, consistent with spectroscopic and photometric overluminosity studies. Ten targets of this survey have previously been observed with the Hubble Space Telescope as part of companion searches. We use the increased resolution of aperture masking to search for close or dim companions that would be obscured by full aperture imaging, finding two candidate binaries. This survey is the first application of aperture masking with LGS AO at Palomar. Several new techniques for the analysis of aperture masking data in the low signal-to-noise regime are explored.

Bernat, David [Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Bouchez, Antonin H.; Cromer, John L.; Dekany, Richard G.; Moore, Anna M. [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Ireland, Michael; Tuthill, Peter [Sydney Institute for Astrophysics, School of Physics, University of Sydney (Australia); Martinache, Frantz [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Subaru Telescope, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Angione, John; Burruss, Rick S.; Guiwits, Stephen R.; Henning, John R.; Hickey, Jeff; Kibblewhite, Edward; McKenna, Daniel L.; Petrie, Harold L.; Roberts, Jennifer; Shelton, J. Chris; Thicksten, Robert P.; Trinh, Thang [Palomar Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics Team, Palomar Observatory, California Institute of Technology, Palomar Mountain, CA 92060 (United States)

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

A Synthetic Resilin Is Largely Unstructured  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Proresilin is the precursor protein for resilin, an extremely elastic, hydrated, cross-linked insoluble protein found in insects. We investigated the secondary-structure distribution in solution of a synthetic proresilin (AN16), based on 16 units of the consensus proresilin repeat from Anopheles gambiae. Raman spectroscopy was used to verify that the secondary-structure distributions in cross-linked AN16 resilin and in AN16 proresilin are similar, and hence that solution techniques (such as NMR and circular dichroism) may be used to gain information about the structure of the cross-linked solid. The synthetic proresilin AN16 is an intrinsically unstructured protein, displaying under native conditions many of the characteristics normally observed in denatured proteins. There are no apparent {alpha}-helical or {beta}-sheet features in the NMR spectra, and the majority of backbone protons and carbons exhibit chemical shifts characteristic of random-coil configurations. Relatively few peaks are observed in the nuclear Overhauser effect spectra, indicating that overall the protein is dynamic and unstructured. The radius of gyration of AN16 corresponds to the value expected for a denatured protein of similar chain length. This high degree of disorder is also consistent with observed circular dichroism and Raman spectra. The temperature dependences of the NH proton chemical shifts were also measured. Most values were indicative of protons exposed to water, although smaller dependences were observed for glycine and alanine within the Tyr-Gly-Ala-Pro sequence conserved in all resilins found to date, which is the site of dityrosine cross-link formation. This result implies that these residues are involved in hydrogen bonds, possibly to enable efficient self-association and subsequent cross-linking. The {beta}-spiral model for elastic proteins, where the protein is itself shaped like a spring, is not supported by the results for AN16. Both the random-network elastomer model and the sliding {beta}-turn model are consistent with the data. The results indicate a flat energy landscape for AN16, with very little energy required to switch between conformations. This ease of switching is likely to lead to the extremely low energy loss on deformation of resilin.

Nairn, Kate M.; Lyons, Russell E.; Mulder, Roger J.; Mudie, Stephen T.; Cookson, David J.; Lesieur, Emmanuelle; Kim, Misook; Lau, Deborah; Scholes, Fiona H.; Elvin, Christopher M. (CSIRO/MSE); (CSIRO/MHT); (CSIRO/LI); (Aust. Synch.)

2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

274

The angular size of the Cepheid L Car: a comparison of the interferometric and surface brightness techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent interferometric observations of the brightest and angularly largest classical Cepheid, L Carinae, with ESO's VLT Interferometer (VLTI) have resolved with high precision the variation of its angular diameter with phase. We compare the measured angular diameter curve to the one we derive by an application of the Baade-Wesselink type infrared surface brightness technique, and find a near-perfect agreement between the two curves. The mean angular diameters of L Car from the two techniques agree very well within their total error bars (1.5 %), as do the derived distances (4 %). This result is an indication that the calibration of the surface brightness relations used in the distance determination of far away Cepheids is not affected by large biases.

P. Kervella; P. Fouque; J. Storm; W. P. Gieren; D. Bersier; D. Mourard; N. Nardetto; V. Coude du Foresto

2004-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

275

Why CLEAN when you can PURIFY? A new approach for next-generation radio-interferometric imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent works, sparse models and convex optimization techniques have been applied to radio-interferometric (RI) imaging showing the potential to outperform state-of-the-art imaging algorithms in the field. In this talk, I will review our latest contributions in RI imaging, which leverage the versatility of convex optimization to both handle realistic continuous visibilities and offer a highly parallelizable structure paving the way to high-dimensional data scalability. Firstly, I will review our recently proposed average sparsity approach, SARA, which relies on the observation that natural images exhibit strong average sparsity over multiple coherent bases. Secondly, I will discuss efficient implementations of SARA, and sparse regularization problems in general, for large-scale imaging problems in a new toolbox dubbed

Carrillo, Rafael E; Wiaux, Yves

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Naphthenic acid corrosion in synthetic fuels production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Serious corrosion damage to carbon steel piping in a fractionation unit associated with synthetic fuels production has been ascribed to the presence of naphthenic acids. Investigation of the problem revealed total acids numbers (TAN) ranging from 8--12mg KOH/g in the feed to the unit. Damage typically occurred in the temperature range 180--240 C and manifested as localized pitting, preferential weld corrosion, general wall thinning and end-grain attack. Filming amine corrosion inhibitors designed for refinery overhead systems have been proven ineffective and high temperature phosphate-based inhibitors could not be used due to potential catalyst poisoning in downstream refinery units. Coupon exposures indicated corrosion rates in the order of 2 mm/y on carbon steel in a reboiler line as well as pitting to austenitic stainless steel type UNS S30403. Line replacement in austenitic stainless steel UNS S31603 has been proven effective. The performance of this alloy is mainly ascribed to its molybdenum content. The absence of sulfur in the feed to the unit is also contributing to the alloy performance despite the extremely high total acid numbers.

Bruyn, H.I. de [Mossgas Ltd., Mossel Bay (South Africa)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

277

Aperture lamp  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A discharge lamp includes means for containing a light emitting fill, the fill being capable of absorbing light at one wavelength and re-emitting the light at a different wavelength, the light emitted from the fill having a first spectral power distribution in the absence of reflection of light back into the fill; means for exciting the fill to cause the fill to emit light; and means for reflecting some of the light emitted by the fill back into the fill while allowing some light to exit, the exiting light having a second spectral power distribution with proportionately more light in the visible region as compared to the first spectral power distribution, wherein the light re-emitted by the fill is shifted in wavelength with respect to the absorbed light and the magnitude of the shift is in relation to an effective optical path length. Another discharge lamp includes an envelope; a fill which emits light when excited disposed in the envelope; a source of excitation power coupled to the fill to excite the fill and cause the fill to emit light; and a reflective ceramic structure disposed around the envelope and defining an light emitting opening, wherein the structure comprises a sintered body built up directly on the envelope and made from a combination of alumina and silica.

MacLennan, Donald A. (Gaithersburg, MD); Turner, Brian P. (Damascus, MD)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Ultrafast thermally induced magnetic switching in synthetic ferrimagnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synthetic ferrimagnets are composite magnetic structures formed from two or more anti-ferromagnetically coupled magnetic sublattices with different magnetic moments. Here, we report on atomistic spin simulations of the laser-induced magnetization dynamics on such synthetic ferrimagnets and demonstrate that the application of ultrashort laser pulses leads to sub-picosecond magnetization dynamics and all-optical switching in a similar manner as in ferrimagnetic alloys. Moreover, we present the essential material properties for successful laser-induced switching, demonstrating the feasibility of using a synthetic ferrimagnet as a high density magnetic storage element without the need of a write field.

Evans, Richard F. L., E-mail: richard.evans@york.ac.uk; Ostler, Thomas A.; Chantrell, Roy W. [Department of Physics, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD (United Kingdom); Radu, Ilie [Institut für Methoden und Instrumentierung der Forschung mit Synchrotronstrahlung, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Straße 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Rasing, Theo [Radboud University, Institute for Molecules and Materials, Heyendaalsewg 135, 6525 AJ Nijmegen (Netherlands)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

279

Synthetic Nano-Low Density Lipoprotein as Targeted Drug Delivery Vehicle for Glioblastoma Multiforme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic Nano-Low Density Lipoprotein as Targeted Drugmicroemulsion; peptide; nano-low density lipoproteintherapeutic agents. A synthetic nano-LDL (nLDL) particle was

Nikanjam, Mina; Blakely, Eleanor A.; Bjornstad, Kathleen A.; Shu, Xiao; Budinger, Thomas F.; Forte, Trudy M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Computational optimization of synthetic water channels.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Membranes for liquid and gas separations and ion transport are critical to water purification, osmotic energy generation, fuel cells, batteries, supercapacitors, and catalysis. Often these membranes lack pore uniformity and robustness under operating conditions, which can lead to a decrease in performance. The lack of uniformity means that many pores are non-functional. Traditional membranes overcome these limitations by using thick membrane materials that impede transport and selectivity, which results in decreased performance and increased operating costs. For example, limitations in membrane performance demand high applied pressures to deionize water using reverse osmosis. In contrast, cellular membranes combine high flux and selective transport using membrane-bound protein channels operating at small pressure differences. Pore size and chemistry in the cellular channels is defined uniformly and with sub-nanometer precision through protein folding. The thickness of these cellular membranes is limited to that of the cellular membrane bilayer, about 4 nm thick, which enhances transport. Pores in the cellular membranes are robust under operating conditions in the body. Recent efforts to mimic cellular water channels for efficient water deionization produced a significant advance in membrane function. The novel biomimetic design achieved a 10-fold increase in membrane permeability to water flow compared to commercial membranes and still maintained high salt rejection. Despite this success, there is a lack of understanding about why this membrane performs so well. To address this lack of knowledge, we used highperformance computing to interrogate the structural and chemical environments experienced by water and electrolytes in the newly created biomimetic membranes. We also compared the solvation environments between the biomimetic membrane and cellular water channels. These results will help inform future efforts to optimize and tune the performance of synthetic biomimetic membranes for applications in water purification, energy, and catalysis.

Rogers, David Michael; Rempe, Susan L. B.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Ion funnel with extended mass range and reduced conductance limit aperture  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved ion funnel design is disclosed that decreases the axial RF (parasite) fields at the ion funnel exit. This is achieved by addition of one or more compensation electrodes after the conductance limit electrode. Various RF voltage profiles may be applied to the various electrodes minimizing the parasite axial potential wells. The smallest RF aperture that serves as the conductance limiting electrode is further reduced over standard designs. Overall, the ion funnel improves transmission ranges of both low m/z and high m/z ions, reducing RF activation of ions and decreasing the gas load to subsequent differential pumping stages.

Tolmachev, Aleksey V. (Richland, WA); Smith, Richard D. (Richland, WA)

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Development of Nb3Sn 11 T single aperture demonstrator dipole for LHC upgrades  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The LHC collimation upgrade foresees additional collimators installed in dispersion suppressor regions. To obtain the necessary space for the collimators, a solution based on the substitution of LHC main dipoles for stronger dipoles is being considered. CERN and FNAL have started a joint program to demonstrate the feasibility of Nb{sub 3}Sn technology for this purpose. The goal of the first phase is the design and construction of a 2-m long single-aperture demonstrator magnet with a nominal field of 11 T at 11.85 kA with 20% margin. This paper describes the magnetic and mechanical design of the demonstrator magnet and summarizes its design parameters.

Zlobin, A.V.; Apollinari, G.; Andreev, N.; Barzi, E.; Kashikhin, V.V.; Nobrega, f.; Novitski, I.; /Fermilab; Auchmann, B.; Karppinen, M.; Rossi, L.; /CERN

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

What is Synthetic Biology? Application of engineering principles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the design and construction of biological parts, devices, and systems with applications in energy, medicine;Biofuels from Algae CO -neutral2 1,000,000 gallons in 2008 18 #12;Synthetic Biology Biochemistry

Campbell, A. Malcolm

284

Synthetic polypeptide-based hydrogel systems for biomaterials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogels formed from synthetic polypeptides generated by ring opening polymerization (ROP) of a-amino acid N-carboxyanhydrides (NCAs) present a robust material for modeling the interaction between extracellular matrix ...

Martin, Mackenzie Marie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

applied synthetic auxin: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

within bacteria in order to fine-tune the expression of BioBrick parts and devices. Fortuna, Patrick 2010-12-04 112 Synthesizing Law for Synthetic Biology University of Kansas -...

286

Synthetic scaffolds and protein assemblies for engineering applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S-layer proteins, which naturally self-assemble on the exterior of cells, provide an interesting basis for the creation of synthetic scaffolds. In this thesis, I created a plasmid which produces a recombinant form of a ...

Norville, Julie Erin, 1980-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Retroactivity, modularity, and insulation in synthetic biology circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A central concept in synthetic biology is the reuse of well-characterized modules. Modularity simplifies circuit design by allowing for the decomposition of systems into separate modules for individual construction. Complex ...

Lin, Allen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

What rough beast? Synthetic Biology and the Future of Biosecurity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic biology seeks to create modular biological parts that can be assembled into useful devices, allowing the modification of biological systems with greater reliability, at lower cost, with greater speed, and by a ...

Mohr, Scott C.

289

Synthetic strategies for the design of platinum anticancer drug candidates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 1. The Synthetic Chemistry of Platinum Anticancer Agents Since the inception of cisplatin as a clinically approved anticancer agent, a large number of platinum compounds have been synthesized with the aim of finding ...

Wilson, Justin Jeff

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Synthetic environment employing a craft for providing user perspective reference  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multi-dimensional user oriented synthetic environment system allows application programs to be programmed and accessed with input/output device independent, generic functional commands which are a distillation of the actual functions performed by any application program. A shared memory structure allows the translation of device specific commands to device independent, generic functional commands. Complete flexibility of the mapping of synthetic environment data to the user is thereby allowed. Accordingly, synthetic environment data may be provided to the user on parallel user information processing channels allowing the subcognitive mind to act as a filter, eliminating irrelevant information and allowing the processing of increase amounts of data by the user. The user is further provided with a craft surrounding the user within the synthetic environment, which craft, imparts important visual referential an motion parallax cues, enabling the user to better appreciate distances and directions within the synthetic environment. Display of this craft in close proximity to the user's point of perspective may be accomplished without substantially degrading the image resolution of the displayed portions of the synthetic environment.

Maples, Creve (Albuquerque, NM); Peterson, Craig A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1997-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

291

Design of large aperture superferric quadrupole magnets for an in-flight fragment separator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Superferric quadrupole magnets to be used for in-flight fragment separator have been designed. A quadrupole magnet triplet for beam focusing is placed in a cryostat together with superconducting correction coils. To maximize acceptance of rare isotope beams produced by projectile fragmentation, it is essential to use large-aperture quadrupole magnets. The pole tip radius is 17 cm in the current design, and we tried to enlarge the aperture with 3D analysis on magnetic fields. In the front end of the separator, where a target and beam dump are located, we plan to use two sets of quadrupole triplets made of high-Tc superconductor (HTS) operating at 20-50 K considering high radiation heat load. The HTS magnet will use warm iron poles. Both low-Tc and high-Tc superconductors are acquired for test winding, and two kinds of dewar and cryostat are under construction to perform the coil and magnet tests. The magnetic design of superferric quadrupole is mainly discussed.

Zaghloul, Aziz; Kim, Dogyun; Kim, Jangyoul; Kim, Mijung; Kim, Myeongjin; Yun, Chongcheoul; Kim, Jongwon [Rare Isotope Science Project, Institute for Basic Science, Yuseong, Daejeon, 305-811 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

292

A New Type of X-ray Condenser Lenses with Large Apertures Fabricated by Rolling of Structured Films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to meet the demand for X-ray lenses with large apertures and, hence, photon flux, a new type of X-ray lenses has been developed: Rolled prismatic X-ray lenses feature a vast number of refracting surfaces to increase transparency and aperture, respectively. Prototypes of such lenses have been fabricated by molding and rolling of a structured polyimide film. In this work, rolled prismatic X-ray lenses are pictured, and results of first tests performed at the ANKA storage ring in Karlsruhe are presented.

Simon, M.; Reznikova, E.; Nazmov, V.; Grund, T. [Institut fuer Mikrostrukturtechnik, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Last, A. [Institut fuer Mikrostrukturtechnik, Universitaet Karlsruhe Kaiserstrasse 12, 76131 Karlsruhe (Germany)

2010-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

293

First-light LBT nulling interferometric observations: warm exozodiacal dust resolved within a few AU of eta Corvi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the first nulling interferometric observations with the Large Binocular Telescope Interferometer (LBTI), resolving the N' band (9.81 - 12.41 um) emission around the nearby main-sequence star eta Crv (F2V, 1-2 Gyr). The measured source null depth amounts to 4.40% +/- 0.35% over a field-of-view of 140 mas in radius (~2.6\\,AU at the distance of eta Corvi) and shows no significant variation over 35{\\deg} of sky rotation. This relatively low null is unexpected given the total disk to star flux ratio measured by Spitzer/IRS (~23% across the N' band), suggesting that a significant fraction of the dust lies within the central nulled response of the LBTI (79 mas or 1.4 AU). Modeling of the warm disk shows that it cannot resemble a scaled version of the Solar zodiacal cloud, unless it is almost perpendicular to the outer disk imaged by Herschel. It is more likely that the inner and outer disks are coplanar and the warm dust is located at a distance of 0.5-1.0 AU, significantly closer than previously predic...

Defrère, D; Skemer, A J; Kennedy, G M; Bailey, V P; Hoffmann, W F; Mennesson, B; Millan-Gabet, R; Danchi, W C; Absil, O; Arbo, P; Beichman, C; Brusa, G; Bryden, G; Downey, E C; Durney, O; Esposito, S; Gaspar, A; Grenz, P; Haniff, C; Hill, J M; Lebreton, J; Leisenring, J M; Males, J R; Marion, L; McMahon, T J; Montoya, M; Morzinski, K M; Pinna, E; Puglisi, A; Rieke, G; Roberge, A; Serabyn, E; Sosa, R; Stapeldfeldt, K; Su, K; Vaitheeswaran, V; Vaz, A; Weinberger, A J; Wyatt, M C

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Investigations of laser-induced damages in fused silica optics using x-ray laser interferometric microscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel x-ray laser (XRL) application, aimed at understanding the microscopic effects involved in formation of laser-induced damage in optical materials exposed to high-power sub-ns laser pulses, is presented. Standard fused silica substrates with permanent damage threshold below 20 J/cm{sup 2}, when irradiated by 438 nm laser pulses, were probed in situ by a neonlike zinc XRL at 21.2 nm. The probing beamline employed a double Lloyd's mirror x-ray interferometer, used in conjunction with an imaging mirror to achieve magnification of {approx}8. In conjunction with an array of in situ optical diagnostics, the main question addressed is whether the damage on the rear surface of the beamsplitter is transient or permanent. The second issue, examined by both the x-ray interferometric microscopy and the optical diagnostics, is whether a local rear-surface modification is associated with nonlinear effects such as self-focusing or filamentation of the damaging laser beam in the bulk.

Margarone, D.; Rus, B.; Kozlova, M.; Nejdl, J.; Mocek, T.; Homer, P.; Polan, J.; Stupka, M. [Department of X-ray Lasers/PALS Centre, Institute of Physics of the ASCR, 18221 Prague 8 (Czech Republic); Cassou, K.; Kazamias, S.; Lagron, J. C.; Ros, D. [LIXAM, Universite Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay (France); Danson, C.; Hawkes, S. [Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

295

Improvement of the dynamic aperture in Chasman Green lattice design light source storage rings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Chasman-Green half cell illustrates a typical electron or positron storage ring lattice specifically designed for photon beams from undulators and wigglers located in each dispersion-free straight section. The need for a small particle beam emittance requires that the horizontal phase advance per cell should be in the neighborhood of 0.9 x 2 . Necessary chromaticity correcting sextupoles, S/sub D/ and S/sub F/, located in the dispersion straight section introduce non-linear perturbations which limit the dynamic aperture because of amplitude dependent tune shifts. Two families of sextupoles, S1 and S2, can be introduced into the dispersion-free region to moderate the more harmful effects of S/sub D/ and S/sub F/. The nature of the perturbations are discussed and some guidelines for the adjustment of S1 and S2 sextupoles are given.

Crosbie, E.A.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Automatic image analysis for detecting and quantifying gamma-ray sources in coded-aperture images  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors report the development of an automatic image analysis system that detects gamma-ray source regions in images obtained from a coded aperture, gamma-ray imager. The number of gamma sources in the image is not known prior to analysis. The system counts the number (K) of gamma sources detected in the image and estimates the lower bound for the probability that the number of sources in the image is K. The system consists of a two-stage pattern classification scheme in which the probabilistic neural network is used in the supervised learning mode. The algorithms were developed and tested using real gamma-ray images from controlled experiments in which the number and location of depleted uranium source disks in the scene are known. The novelty of the work lies in the creative combination of algorithms and the successful application of the algorithms to real images of gamma-ray sources.

Schaich, P.C.; Sengupta, S.K.; Ziock, K.P. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Clark, G.A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); [Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States). Center for Image Processing and Integrated Computing

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Computer vision for detecting and quantifying gamma-ray sources in coded-aperture images  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors report the development of an automatic image analysis system that detects gamma-ray source regions in images obtained from a coded aperture, gamma-ray imager. The number of gamma sources in the image is not known prior to analysis. The system counts the number (K) of gamma sources detected in the image and estimates the lower bound for the probability that the number of sources in the image is K. The system consists of a two-stage pattern classification scheme in which the Probabilistic Neural Network is used in the supervised learning mode. The algorithms were developed and tested using real gamma-ray images from controlled experiments in which the number and location of depleted uranium source disks in the scene are known.

Schaich, P.C.; Clark, G.A.; Sengupta, S.K.; Ziock, K.P.

1994-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

298

Debris-less method and apparatus for forming apertures in hollow metallic articles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention is a method for forming an aperture in a wall of a hollow metallic article without introducing metallic debris therein. In a typical operation, an annular groove is formed in an exterior portion of the wall. The groove defines an annular wall segment, and the bottom of the groove is shaped to slope downwardly away from the segment to form a tapered annular web which connects the segment to the wall. Any suitable coupling is attached to the outer face of the segment, as by welding. Pull then is applied to the coupling to effect circumferential breakage of the web, thus forming a removable single-piece wall fragment consisting of the web and segment. The fragment and the coupling member attached thereto then are removed from the wall.

Jordan, C.L.; Chodelka, E.J.

1980-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

299

Operating Water Cherenkov Detectors in high altitude sites for the Large Aperture GRB Observatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water Cherenkov Detectors (WCD) are efficient detectors for detecting GRBs in the 10 GeV - 1 TeV energy range using the single particle technique, given their sensitivity to low energy secondary photons produced by high energy photons when cascading in the atmosphere. The Large Aperture GRB Observatory (LAGO) operates arrays of WCD in high altitude sites (above 4500 m a.s.l.) in Bolivia, Mexico and Venezuela, with planned extension to Peru. Details on the operation and stability of these WCD in remote sites with high background rates of particles will be detailed, and compared to simulations. Specific issues due to operation at high altitude, atmospheric effects and solar activity, as well as possible hardware enhancements will also be presented.

Allard, D; Asorey, H; Barros, H; Bertou, X; Castillo, M; Chirinos, J M; De Castro, A; Flores, S; González, J; Berisso, M Gomez; Grajales, J; Guada, C; Day, W R Guevara; Ishitsuka, J; López, J A; Martínez, O; Melfo, A; Meza, E; Loza, P Miranda; Barbosa, E Moreno; Murrugarra, C; Núñez, L A; Ormachea, L J Otiniano; Pérez, G; Perez, Y; Ponce, E; Quispe, J; Quintero, C; Rivera, H; Rosales, M; Rovero, A C; Saavedra, O; Salazar, H; Tello, J C; Peralda, R Ticona; Varela, E; Velarde, A; Villaseñor, L; Wahl, D; Zamalloa, M A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Abstract--We have recently completed a large-area, coded-aperture, gamma-ray imager for use in searching for radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract-- We have recently completed a large-area, coded- aperture, gamma-ray imager for use. The in- strument uses a rank-19, one-dimensional coded aperture to cast shadow patterns onto a 0.57 m2 Na sufficient radiation can reach a large gamma-ray detec- tor from a small source to make detection possible

Horn, Berthold K.P.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Dual chain synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs having two peptide chains each branched from a branch moiety, such as trifunctional amino acid residues, the branch moieties separated by a first linker of from 3 to about 20 backbone atoms, which peptide chains bind a heparin-binding growth factor receptor and are covalently bound to a non-signaling peptide that includes a heparin-binding domain, preferably by a second linker, which may be a hydrophobic second linker. The synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs are useful as pharmaceutical agents, soluble biologics or as surface coatings for medical devices.

Zamora, Paul O. (Gaithersburg, MD); Pena, Louis A. (Poquott, NY); Lin, Xinhua (Plainview, NY)

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

302

Dual chain synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs having two peptide chains each branched from a branch moiety, such as trifunctional amino acid residues, the branch moieties separated by a first linker of from 3 to about 20 backbone atoms, which peptide chains bind a heparin-binding growth factor receptor and are covalently bound to a non-signaling peptide that includes a heparin-binding domain, preferably by a second linker, which may be a hydrophobic second linker. The synthetic heparin-binding growth factor analogs are useful as pharmaceutical agents, soluble biologics or as surface coatings for medical devices.

Zamora, Paul O. (Gaithersburg, MD); Pena, Louis A. (Poquott, NY); Lin, Xinhua (Plainview, NY)

2009-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

303

Evaluation of synthetic aggregates for use in concrete  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of synthetic aggregates may result in 4 irregular aggrege. te behavior with respect to those test procedures. Investigators at the Texas Transportation Institute have sug- g sted some new r. echniques to evaluate the synthet. ic ageregate. Some... in firing temperature and retention t5me, although pressure s1aking losses of all ag, regates were very low which indicated that the dehydration process of all aggro ates wa complete. 11. The NuOH test was able to detect the vari. ation of aggre- gate...

Ahmad, Hafizuddin

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Synthetic fuel concept to steal CO2 from air  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatus TomAbout »LabSustainabilitySynthetic fuel concept Synthetic

305

April 1, 2000 / Vol. 25, No. 7 / OPTICS LETTERS 439 Anomaly in a high-numerical-aperture diffractive focusing lens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

^x; sxsy 1 1 sz ^y; 2sx ^z . (2) The apodization factor Av is based on conservation of energy size at the focus reaches a minimum at a numerical aperture of 0.5 and then increases significantly lenses with low rather than high NA's can be analyzed by use of standard scalar theory, for which

Friesem, Asher A.

306

Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR) coupling to complex systems : aperture coupling into canonical cavities in reverberant and anechoic environments and model validation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mode-stirred chamber and anechoic chamber measurements were made on two sets of canonical test objects (cylindrical and rectangular) with varying numbers of thin slot apertures. The shielding effectiveness was compared to determine the level of correction needed to compensate the mode-stirred data to levels commensurate with anechoic data from the same test object.

Charley, Dawna R.; Higgins, Matthew B.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Measurement of fracture aperture fields using transmitted light: An evaluation of measurement errors and their influence on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurement of fracture aperture fields using transmitted light: An evaluation of measurement errors and their influence on simulations of flow and transport through a single fracture Russell L in fractures can be greatly enhanced through experimentation in transparent systems (analogs or replicas) where

Detwiler, Russell

308

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 474 (2001) 273284 Optimal coded aperture patterns for improved SNR in nuclear  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 474 (2001) 273­284 Optimal coded aperture patterns for improved SNR in nuclear medicine imaging Roberto Accorsia , Francesca Gasparinib , Richard C. Lanzaa, * a Nuclear Engineering Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Room NW13-221, 77

Schettini, Raimondo

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Sandia National Laboratories: Pathfinder Airborne ISR and Synthetic  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest RegionatSearch WelcomeSciencePrograms NuclearPublicationsAperture Radar (SAR)

310

Design and evaluation of a variable aperture collimator for conformal radiotherapy of small animals using a microCT scanner  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Treatment of small animals with radiation has in general been limited to planar fields shaped with lead blocks, complicating spatial localization of dose and treatment of deep-seated targets. In order to advance laboratory radiotherapy toward what is accomplished in the clinic, we have constructed a variable aperture collimator for use in shaping the beam of microCT scanner. This unit can image small animal subjects at high resolution, and is capable of delivering therapeutic doses in reasonable exposure times. The proposed collimator consists of two stages, each containing six trapezoidal brass blocks that move along a frame in a manner similar to a camera iris producing a hexagonal aperture of variable size. The two stages are offset by 30 deg. and adjusted for the divergence of the x-ray beam so as to produce a dodecagonal profile at isocenter. Slotted rotating driving plates are used to apply force to pins in the collimator blocks and effect collimator motion. This device has been investigated through both simulation and measurement. The collimator aperture size varied from 0 to 8.5 cm as the driving plate angle increased from 0 to 41 deg. . The torque required to adjust the collimator varied from 0.5 to 5 N{center_dot}m, increasing with increasing driving plate angle. The transmission profiles produced by the scanner at isocenter exhibited a penumbra of approximately 10% of the collimator aperture width. Misalignment between the collimator assembly and the x-ray source could be identified on the transmission images and corrected by adjustment of the collimator location. This variable aperture collimator technology is therefore a feasible and flexible solution for adjustable shaping of radiation beams for use in small animal radiotherapy as well as other applications in which beam shaping is desired.

Graves, Edward E.; Zhou Hu; Chatterjee, Raja; Keall, Paul J.; Gambhir, Sanjiv Sam; Contag, Christopher H.; Boyer, Arthur L. [Department of Radiology Oncology, Molecular Imaging Program at Stanford, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Department of Mechanical Engineering, Molecular Imaging Program at Stanford, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Department of Radiology Oncology, Molecular Imaging Program at Stanford, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Department of Radiology, Molecular Imaging Program at Stanford, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Department of Radiology, Scott and White Hospital, Temple, Texas 76508 (United States)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

311

September 16, 2011 Synthetic Biology Leads to Organic Learning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

principles and mathematical modeling to the design and construction of biological parts, devices, and systems with applications in energy, medicine, and technology. www.bio.davidson -neutral2 1,000,000 gallons in 2008 #12;Synthetic Biology at Davidson College Building Bacterial Computers

Campbell, A. Malcolm

312

Progress in the Advanced Synthetic-Diamond Drill Bit Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cooperative research is currently underway among five drill bit companies and Sandia National Laboratories to improve synthetic-diamond drill bits for hard-rock applications. This work, sponsored by the US Department of Energy and individual bit companies, is aimed at improving performance and bit life in harder rock than has previously been possible to drill effectively with synthetic-diamond drill bits. The goal is to extend to harder rocks the economic advantages seen in using synthetic-diamond drill bits in soft and medium rock formations. Four projects are being conducted under this research program. Each project is investigating a different area of synthetic diamond bit technology that builds on the current technology base and market interests of the individual companies involved. These projects include: optimization of the PDC claw cutter; optimization of the Track-Set PDC bit; advanced TSP bit development; and optimization of impregnated-diamond drill bits. This paper describes the progress made in each of these projects to date.

Glowka, D.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Dennis, T. [Dennis Tool Co., Houston, TX (United States); Le, Phi [Security DBS, Houston, TX (United States); Cohen, J. [Maurer Engineering, Inc., Houston, TX (United States); Chow, J. [Hughes Christensen Co., Salt Lake City, UT (United States)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Physics Pathway: A Digital Library Filled with Synthetic Interviews*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics Pathway: A Digital Library Filled with Synthetic Interviews* Michael G. Christel-412-268-7796 sms@cs.cmu.edu Dean Zollman Department of Physics Kansas State University Manhattan, KS 66506 1-785-532-1619 dzollman@phys.ksu.edu ABSTRACT Physics Pathway is a digital library available through an Adobe Flash portal

Christel, Mike

314

Factors Contributing to Petroleum Foaming. 2. Synthetic Crude Oil Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the petroleum industry. Nonaqueous foams occur in the production of and refining of crude oil. Crude oil foamsFactors Contributing to Petroleum Foaming. 2. Synthetic Crude Oil Systems Nael N. Zaki, Michael K can pose major problems for operators of gas/oil separation plants, causing a loss of crude

Kilpatrick, Peter K.

315

Defossiling Fuel: How Synthetic Biology Can Transform Biofuel Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Defossiling Fuel: How Synthetic Biology Can Transform Biofuel Production David F. Savage , Jeffrey production is pre- dicted to peak soon, it is reason- able to assume that unconventional fossil fuel sources and economic energy volatility, and smoothing the transition from fossil fuels in the distant future

316

USING SYNTHETIC PLAYERS TO GENERATE WORKLOADS FOR NETWORKED MULTIPLAYER GAMES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that generates appropriate workloads for networked multiplayer games. Based on this framework, we have developed a software infrastructure and a prototype synthetic player for the multiplayer adventure game Crossfire Video games have been projected to continue to enjoy solid growth over the coming years (PricewaterhouseCoopers

Katchabaw, Michael James

317

Engineering microbial consortia: a new frontier in synthetic biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering microbial consortia: a new frontier in synthetic biology Katie Brenner1 , Lingchong You and endure more changeable environments than monocultures can, they represent an important new frontier generated many examples of what microbes can do and what we can learn from them [6­11] when

Arnold, Frances H.

318

SPE-163690-MS Synthetic, Geomechanical Logs for Marcellus Shale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPE-163690-MS Synthetic, Geomechanical Logs for Marcellus Shale M. O. Eshkalak, SPE, S. D of hydrocarbons from the reservoirs, notably shale, is attributed to realizing the key fundamentals of reservoir and mineralogy is crucial in order to identify the "right" pay-zone intervals for shale gas production. Also

Mohaghegh, Shahab

319

Catalyst for splitting water &Catalyst for splitting water & Synthetic Modeling of InorganicSynthetic Modeling of Inorganic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Importance Hydrogen technology in fuel cellsHydrogen technology in fuel cells As a combustion fuel, it producesCatalyst for splitting water &Catalyst for splitting water & Synthetic Modeling of Inorganic of evolution ·Optimized catalyst for water splitting in all oxygenic phototrophs S0 S4 S1 S2 S3 O2 2 H O2 e- e

Petta, Jason

320

Nanofabricated collagen-inspired synthetic elastomers for primary rat hepatocyte culture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic substrates that mimic the properties of extracellular matrix proteins hold significant promise for use in systems designed for tissue engineering applications. In this report, we designed a synthetic polymeric ...

Bettinger, Christopher J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Safe, secure and ethical? : assessing and regulating risks associated with synthetic biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic biology is an emerging field, with a rapidly developing academic-industrial base and the promise of extensive product launches over the next few years. An intense debate over the risks and benefits of synthetic ...

Regårdh, Pernilla C. (Pernilla Christina)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Synthetic Hexaploid Wheat as a Source of Improvement for Winter Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this research was to evaluate the potential and performance of synthetic wheat in Texas. Ten elite primary synthetics from the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), screened for desirable traits, were backcrossed to two Texas cultivars, TAM...

Cooper, Jessica Kay

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

323

Modular Design of Artificial Tissue Homeostasis: Robust Control through Synthetic Cellular Heterogeneity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic biology efforts have largely focused on small engineered gene networks, yet understanding how to integrate multiple synthetic modules and interface them with endogenous pathways remains a challenge. Here we present ...

Miller, Miles Aaron

324

Method and apparatus for removing heat from electronic devices using synthetic jets  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus for removing heat comprises a heat sink having a cavity, and a synthetic jet stack comprising at least one synthetic jet mounted within the cavity. At least one rod and at least one engaging structure to provide a rigid positioning of the at least one synthetic jet with respect to the at least one rod. The synthetic jet comprises at least one orifice through which a fluid is ejected.

Sharma, Rajdeep; Weaver, Jr., Stanton Earl; Seeley, Charles Erklin; Arik, Mehmet; Icoz, Tunc; Wolfe, Jr., Charles Franklin; Utturkar, Yogen Vishwas

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

GPU-based ultra-fast direct aperture optimization for online adaptive radiation therapy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Online adaptive radiation therapy (ART) has great promise to significantly reduce normal tissue toxicity and/or improve tumor control through real-time treatment adaptations based on the current patient anatomy. However, the major technical obstacle for clinical realization of online ART, namely the inability to achieve real-time efficiency in treatment re-planning, has yet to be solved. To overcome this challenge, this paper presents our work on the implementation of an intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) direct aperture optimization (DAO) algorithm on graphics processing unit (GPU) based on our previous work on CPU. We formulate the DAO problem as a large-scale convex programming problem, and use an exact method called column generation approach to deal with its extremely large dimensionality on GPU. Five 9-field prostate and five 5-field head-and-neck IMRT clinical cases with 5\\times5 mm2 beamlet size and 2.5\\times2.5\\times2.5 mm3 voxel size were used to evaluate our algorithm on GPU. It takes onl...

Men, Chunhua; Jiang, Steve B

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Analysis to determine the maximum dimensions of flexible apertures in sensored security netting products.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although technological advances provide new capabilities to increase the robustness of security systems, they also potentially introduce new vulnerabilities. New capability sometimes requires new performance requirements. This paper outlines an approach to establishing a key performance requirement for an emerging intrusion detection sensor: the sensored net. Throughout the security industry, the commonly adopted standard for maximum opening size through barriers is a requirement based on square inches-typically 96 square inches. Unlike standard rigid opening, the dimensions of a flexible aperture are not fixed, but variable and conformable. It is demonstrably simple for a human intruder to move through a 96-square-inch opening that is conformable to the human body. The longstanding 96-square-inch requirement itself, though firmly embedded in policy and best practice, lacks a documented empirical basis. This analysis concluded that the traditional 96-square-inch standard for openings is insufficient for flexible openings that are conformable to the human body. Instead, a circumference standard is recommended for these newer types of sensored barriers. The recommended maximum circumference for a flexible opening should be no more than 26 inches, as measured on the inside of the netting material.

Murton, Mark; Bouchier, Francis A.; vanDongen, Dale T.; Mack, Thomas Kimball; Cutler, Robert Paul; Ross, Michael P.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Accelerator Quality HTS Dipole Magnet Demonstrator Designs for the EuCARD-2, 5 Tesla 40 mm Clear Aperture Magnet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Future high-energy accelerators will need very high magnetic fields in the range of 20 T. The EuCARD-2 work-package-10 is a collaborative push to take HTS materials into an accelerator quality demonstrator magnet. The demonstrator will produce 5 T standalone and between 17 T and 20 T, when inserted into the 100 mm aperture of Fresca-2 high field out-sert magnet. The HTS magnet will demonstrate the field strength and field quality that can be achieved. An effective quench detection and protection system will have to be developed to operate with the HTS superconducting materials. This paper presents a ReBCO magnet design using multi strand Roebel cable that develops a stand-alone field of 5 T in a 40 mm clear aperture and discusses the challenges associated with good field quality using this type of material. A selection of magnet designs is presented as result of a first phase of development.

Kirby, GA; Ballarino, A; Bottura, L; Chouika, N; Clement, S; Datskov, V; Fajardo, L; Fleiter, J; Gauthier, R; Gentini, L; Lambert, L; Lopes, M; Perez, JC; de Rijk, G; Rijllart, A; Rossi, L; ten Kate, H; Durante, M; Fazilleau, P; Lorin, C; Härö, E; Stenvall, A; Caspi, S; Marchevsky, M; Goldacker, W; Kario, A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Accelerator Quality HTS Dipole Magnet Demonstrator designs for the EuCARD-2, 5 Tesla 40 mm Clear Aperture Magnet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Future high-energy accelerators will need very high magnetic fields in the range of 20 T. The EuCARD-2 work-package-10 is a collaborative push to take HTS materials into an accelerator quality demonstrator magnet. The demonstrator will produce 5 T standalone and between 17 T and 20 T, when inserted into the 100 mm aperture of Fresca-2 high field out-sert magnet. The HTS magnet will demonstrate the field strength and field quality that can be achieved. An effective quench detection and protection system will have to be developed to operate with the HTS superconducting materials. This paper presents a ReBCO magnet design using multi strand Roebel cable that develops a stand-alone field of 5 T in a 40 mm clear aperture and discusses the challenges associated with good field quality using this type of material. A selection of magnet designs is presented as result of a first phase of development.

Kirby, G; Ballarino, A; Bottura, L; Chouika, N; Clement, S; Datskov, V; Fajardo, L; Fleiter, J; Gauthier, R; Lambert, L; Lopes, M; Perez, J; DeRijk, G; Rijllart, A; Rossi, L; Ten Kate, H; Durante, M; Fazilleau, P; Lorin, C; Haro, E; Stenvall, A; Caspi, S; Marchevsky, M; Goldacker, W; Kario, A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Renewable Energy from Synthetic Biology (LBNL Science at the Theater)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Jay Keasling, co-leader of Berkeley Lab's Helios Project, is a groundbreaking researcher in the new scientific field of synthetic biology. In Helios, he directs the biology program, incorporating a range of approaches to increasing the efficacy and economy of plants and cellulose-degrading microbes to make solar-based fuels. He is a UC Berkeley professor of Chemical and Bioengineering, and founder of Amyris Biotechnologies, a company that was honored as a Technology Pioneer for 2006 by the World Economic Forum. Keasling has succeeded in using synthetic biology to develop a yeast-based production scheme for precursors of the antimalarial drug artemisinin in work funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Keasling, Jay

2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

330

Bringing Standards to Life: Synthetic Biology Standards and Intellectual Property  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

); Joachim Henckel & Stephen M. Maurer, The Economics of Synthetic Biology, MOL. SYST. BIOL., June 5, 2007, available at http://www.nature.com/msb/journal/v3/n1/full/msb4100161.html; David Cohn, Open-Source Biology Evolves, WIRED (Jan. 17, 2005), http... different genetic contexts.55 Other tools that help rationally Linton et al., Translocation of Green F luorescent Protein by Comparative Analysis with Multiple Signal Peptides, 7 BIOTECHNOL. J. 667 (2012); Raul Cuero, J. Lilly & David S. Mc...

Torrance, Andrew W.; Kahl, Linda

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Pentavalent Uranium Chemistry - Synthetic Pursuit Of A Rare Oxidation State  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This feature article presents a comprehensive overview of pentavalent uranium systems in non-aqueous solution with a focus on the various synthetic avenues employed to access this unusual and very important oxidation state. Selected characterization data and theoretical aspects are also included. The purpose is to provide a perspective on this rapidly evolving field and identify new possibilities for future developments in pentavalent uranium chemistry.

Graves, Christopher R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kiplinger, Jaqueline L [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

A Close Companion Search around L Dwarfs using Aperture Masking Interferometry and Palomar Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a close companion search around sixteen known early-L dwarfs using aperture masking interferometry with Palomar laser guide star adaptive optics. The use of aperture masking allows the detection of close binaries, corresponding to projected physical separations of 0.6-10.0 AU for the targets of our survey. This survey achieved median contrast limits of Delta_K ~ 2.3 for separations between 1.2 - 4 lambda/D, and Delta_K ~ 1.4 at (2/3)lambda/D. We present four candidate binaries detected with moderate to high confidence (90-98%). Two have projected physical separations less than 1.5 AU. This may indicate that tight-separation binaries contribute more significantly to the binary fraction than currently assumed, consistent with spectroscopic and photometric overluminosity studies. Ten targets of this survey have previously been observed with the Hubble Space Telescope as part of companion searches. We use the increased resolution of aperture masking to search for close or dim companions that would be o...

Bernat, David; Ireland, Michael; Tuthill, Peter; Martinache, Frantz; Angione, John; Burruss, Rick S; Cromer, John L; Dekany, Richard G; Guiwits, Stephen R; Henning, John R; Hickey, Jeff; Kibblewhite, Edward; McKenna, Daniel L; Moore, Anna M; Petrie, Harold L; Roberts, Jennifer; Shelton, J Chris; Thicksten, Robert P; Trinh, Thang; Tripathi, Renu; Troy, Mitchell; Truong, Tuan; Velur, Viswa; Lloyd, James P

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Formulation of soluble oils with synthetic and petroleum sulfonates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Metalworking fluids for metal removal are formulated to provide cooling, lubrication, and rust protection when cutting and machining metals. There are basically four types of cutting fluids: straight oils, synthetics, semisynthetic fluids and soluble oils. The last type is the most widely used for metal removal operations such as cutting, drilling and grinding. Soluble oils used for metalworking operations are normally the oil-in-water type, with oil as the internal phase and water as the external phase. The soluble oils can have rather complex compositions, usually containing two or more emulsifiers and coupling agents, as well as additives to provide rust inhibition, lubricity, detergency, resistance to bacterial attack and foam control. The dominant emulsifier in a soluble oil is usually sodium sulfonate which also has the secondary benefit of being a rust inhibitor. Soluble oil emulsions based on petroleum or synthetic sulfonates have been found to improve lubrication and cleaning of metal parts and equipment. As has been done previously, a series of emulsification studies were conducted using petroleum and synthetic sulfonates. Emulsifier level, coemulsifiers and minor formulation adjustments were made to optimize each system. This study was made using naphthenic oil basestock. Formulations were evaluated using criteria including concentrate stability, hard and soft water emulsion stability, emulsibility, foaming tendency and response to defoamers, antirust properties and cost effectiveness of individual formulations. The results of these evaluations are presented in the present paper.

Eckard, A.; Riff, I.; Weaver, J. [Witco Corp., Oakland, NJ (United States)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Finding Large Aperture Fractures in Geothermal Resource Areas Using A Three-Component Long-Offset Surface Seismic Survey, PSInSAR, and Kinematic Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Fining Large Aperture Fractures in Geothermal Resource Areas Using A Three-Component Long-Offset Surface Seismic Survey, PSInSAR, and Kinematic Analysis presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

335

Method for producing and regenerating a synthetic CO[sub 2] acceptor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is described for producing a synthetic CO[sub 2] acceptor by feeding a mixture of finely divided silica and at least one finely divided calcium compound selected from the group consisting of calcium oxide and calcium carbonate to a fluidized bed; operating the fluidized bed at suitable conditions to produce pellets of synthetic CO[sub 2] acceptor and recovering the pellets of synthetic CO[sub 2] acceptor from the fluidized bed. Optionally, spent synthetic CO[sub 2] acceptor can be charged to the fluidized bed to produce regenerated pellets of synthetic CO[sub 2] acceptor. 1 fig.

Lancet, M. S.; Curran, G. P.; Gorin, E.

1982-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

336

Method for producing and regenerating a synthetic CO.sub.2 acceptor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for producing a synthetic CO.sub.2 acceptor by feeding a mixture of finely divided silica and at least one finely divided calcium compound selected from the group consisting of calcium oxide and calcium carbonate to a fluidized bed; operating the fluidized bed at suitable conditions to produce pellets of synthetic CO.sub.2 acceptor and recovering the pellets of synthetic CO.sub.2 acceptor from the fluidized bed. Optionally, spent synthetic CO.sub.2 acceptor can be charged to the fluidized bed to produce regenerated pellets of synthetic CO.sub.2 acceptor.

Lancet, Michael S. (Pittsburgh, PA); Curran, George P. (Pittsburgh, PA); Gorin, Everett (San Rafael, CA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Technical Notes Differential Interferometric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

relevant to hypervelocity boundary layer transition on cold-wall slender bodies. With the ability to ground of the fluid is emphasized. The most unstable mode on a cold-wall slender body at zero angle of incidence location in high- speed boundary layers is critical to hypersonic vehicle design because of the weight

Yang, Eui-Hyeok

338

Antriorisation/aperture des voyelles /1/~/o/ en franais du Nord et du Sud Philippe Boula de Mareil, Martine Adda-Decker, Ccile Woehrling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Antériorisation/aperture des voyelles /1/~/o/ en français du Nord et du Sud Philippe Boula de voyelles moyennes /1/~/o/ en français du Nord et du Sud. Des contraintes phonologiques spécifiques pèsent cas il y a désaccord entre les dictionnaires de prononciation quant à l'aperture de la voyelle finale

Boula de Mareüil, Philippe

339

Generation of high-current electron beam in a wide-aperture open discharge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the present study, it was examined generation of nanosecond-duration electron-beam (EB) pulses by a wide-aperture open discharge burning in helium or in a mixture of helium with nitrogen and water vapor. In the experiments, a discharge cell with coaxial electrode geometry, permitting radial injection of the electron beam into operating lasing medium, was used, with the cathode having radius 2.5 cm and length 12 cm. It was shown possible to achieve an efficient generation of a high-intensity electron beam (EB pulse power {approx}250 MW and EB pulse energy up to 4 J) in the kiloampere range of discharge currents (up to 26 kA at {approx}12 kV discharge voltage). The current-voltage characteristics of the discharge proved to be independent of the working-gas pressure. The existence of an unstable dynamic state of EB, conditioned by the presence of an uncompensated space charge accumulated in the discharge cell due to the exponential growth of the current in time during discharge initiation and the hyperbolic growth of current density in the direction towards the tube axis, was revealed. The obtained pulsed electron beam was used to excite the self-terminated laser on He 2{sup 1}P{sub 1}{sup 0}-2{sup 1}S{sub 0} transition. The oscillations developing in the discharge cell at high discharge currents put limit to the pumping energy and emissive power of the laser excited with the radially converging electron beam.

Bokhan, P. A.; Zakrevsky, Dm. E.; Gugin, P. P. [A. V. Rzhanov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prospekt Lavrent'eva 13, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

340

Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents and discusses results from the project 'Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production', performed at five different full-scale commercial wallboard plants. Synthetic gypsum produced by wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems on coal-fired power plants is commonly used in the manufacture of wallboard. This practice has long benefited the environment by recycling the FGD gypsum byproduct, which is becoming available in increasing quantities, decreasing the need to landfill this material, and increasing the sustainable design of the wallboard product. However, new concerns have arisen as recent mercury control strategies involve the capture of mercury in FGD systems. The objective of this study has been to determine whether any mercury is released into the atmosphere at wallboard manufacturing plants when the synthetic gypsum material is used as a feedstock for wallboard production. The project has been co-funded by the U.S. DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory (Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-04NT42080), USG Corporation, and EPRI. USG Corporation is the prime contractor, and URS Group is a subcontractor. The project scope included seven discrete tasks, each including a test conducted at various USG wallboard plants using synthetic gypsum from different wet FGD systems. The project was originally composed of five tasks, which were to include (1) a base-case test, then variations representing differing power plant: (2) emissions control configurations, (3) treatment of fine gypsum particles, (4) coal types, and (5) FGD reagent types. However, Task 5,could not be conducted as planned and instead was conducted at conditions similar to Task 3. Subsequently an opportunity arose to test gypsum produced from the Task 5 FGD system, but with an additive expected to impact the stability of mercury, so Task 6 was added to the project. Finally, Task 7 was added to evaluate synthetic gypsum produced at a power plant from an additional coal type. In the project, process stacks in the wallboard plant were sampled using the Ontario Hydro method. In every task, the stack locations sampled included a gypsum dryer and a gypsum calciner. In Tasks 1 and 4 through 7, the stack of the dryer for the wet wallboard product was also tested. Also at each site, in-stream process samples were collected and analyzed for mercury concentration before and after each significant step in wallboard production. These results and process data were used to construct mercury mass balances across the wallboard plants. The results from the project showed a wide range of percentage mercury losses from the synthetic gypsum feedstocks as measured by the Ontario Hydro method at the process stacks, ranging from 2% to 55% of the mercury in the gypsum feedstock. For the tasks exceeding 10% mercury loss across the wallboard plant, most of the loss occurred across the gypsum calciner. When total wallboard emissions remained below 10%, the primary emission location varied with a much less pronounced difference in emission between the gypsum dryer, calciner and board dryer. For all seven tasks, the majority of the mercury emissions were measured to be in the elemental form (Hg{sup 0}). Overall, the measured mercury loss mass rates ranged from 0.01 to 0.17 grams of mercury per dry ton of synthetic gypsum processed, or 0.01 to 0.4 pounds of mercury released per million square feet of wallboard produced from synthetic gypsum. The Coal Combustion Product Production and Use Survey from the American Coal Ash Association (ACAA) indicate that 7,579,187 short tons of synthetic gypsum were used for wallboard production in 2006. Extrapolating the results of this study to the ACAA industry usage rate, we estimate that mercury releases from wallboard production plants in 2006 ranged between 150 to 3000 pounds for the entire U.S. wallboard industry. With only seven sets of wallboard plant measurements, it is difficult to draw firm conclusions about what variables impact the mercury loss percentages across the wallboard plants. One significant o

Jessica Sanderson

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Synthetic muscle developed with PPPL scientists' help ready for launch |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatus TomAbout »LabSustainabilitySynthetic fuel concept

342

Multiphase Fluid Flow in Deformable Variable-Aperture Fractures - Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fractures provide flow paths that can potentially lead to fast migration of fluids or contaminants. A number of energy-­?related applications involve fluid injections that significantly perturb both the pressures and chemical composition of subsurface fluids. These perturbations can cause both mechanical deformation and chemical alteration of host rocks with potential for significant changes in permeability. In fractured rock subjected to coupled chemical and mechanical stresses, it can be difficult to predict the sign of permeability changes, let alone the magnitude. This project integrated experimental and computational studies to improve mechanistic understanding of these coupled processes and develop and test predictive models and monitoring techniques. The project involved three major components: (1) study of two-­?phase flow processes involving mass transfer between phases and dissolution of minerals along fracture surfaces (Detwiler et al., 2009; Detwiler, 2010); (2) study of fracture dissolution in fractures subjected to normal stresses using experimental techniques (Ameli, et al., 2013; Elkhoury et al., 2013; Elkhoury et al., 2014) and newly developed computational models (Ameli, et al., 2014); (3) evaluation of electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) as a method to detect and quantify gas leakage through a fractured caprock (Breen et al., 2012; Lochbuhler et al., 2014). The project provided support for one PhD student (Dr. Pasha Ameli; 2009-­?2013) and partially supported a post-­?doctoral scholar (Dr. Jean Elkhoury; 2010-­?2013). In addition, the project provided supplemental funding to support collaboration with Dr. Charles Carrigan at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in connection with (3) and supported one MS student (Stephen Breen; 2011-­?2013). Major results from each component of the project include the following: (1) Mineral dissolution in fractures occupied by two fluid phases (e.g., oil-­?water or water-­?CO{sub 2}) causes changes in local capillary forces and redistribution of fluids. These coupled processes enhance channel formation and the potential for development of fast flow paths through fractures. (2) Dissolution in fractures subjected to normal stress can result in behaviors ranging from development of dissolution channels and rapid permeability increases to fracture healing and significant permeability decreases. The timescales associated with advective transport of dissolved ions in the fracture, mineral dissolution rates, and diffusion within the adjacent porous matrix dictate the sign and magnitude of the resulting permeability changes. Furthermore, a high-­? resolution mechanistic model that couples elastic deformation of contacts and aperture-­?dependent dissolution rates predicts the range of observed behaviors reasonably well. (3) ERT has potential as a tool for monitoring gas leakage in deep formations. Using probabilistic inversion methods further enhances the results by providing uncertainty estimates of inverted parameters.

Detwiler, Russell

2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

343

Developing Magnetorheological Finishing (MRF) Technology for the Manufacture of Large-Aperture Optics in Megajoule Class Laser Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the last eight years we have been developing advanced MRF tools and techniques to manufacture meter-scale optics for use in Megajoule class laser systems. These systems call for optics having unique characteristics that can complicate their fabrication using conventional polishing methods. First, exposure to the high-power nanosecond and sub-nanosecond pulsed laser environment in the infrared (>27 J/cm{sup 2} at 1053 nm), visible (>18 J/cm{sup 2} at 527 nm), and ultraviolet (>10 J/cm{sup 2} at 351 nm) demands ultra-precise control of optical figure and finish to avoid intensity modulation and scatter that can result in damage to the optics chain or system hardware. Second, the optics must be super-polished and virtually free of surface and subsurface flaws that can limit optic lifetime through laser-induced damage initiation and growth at the flaw sites, particularly at 351 nm. Lastly, ultra-precise optics for beam conditioning are required to control laser beam quality. These optics contain customized surface topographical structures that cannot be made using traditional fabrication processes. In this review, we will present the development and implementation of large-aperture MRF tools and techniques specifically designed to meet the demanding optical performance challenges required in large-aperture high-power laser systems. In particular, we will discuss the advances made by using MRF technology to expose and remove surface and subsurface flaws in optics during final polishing to yield optics with improve laser damage resistance, the novel application of MRF deterministic polishing to imprint complex topographical information and wavefront correction patterns onto optical surfaces, and our efforts to advance the technology to manufacture large-aperture damage resistant optics.

Menapace, J A

2010-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

344

In-situ monitoring of surface post-processing in large aperture fused silica optics with Optical Coherence Tomography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optical Coherence Tomography is explored as a method to image laser-damage sites located on the surface of large aperture fused silica optics during post-processing via CO{sub 2} laser ablation. The signal analysis for image acquisition was adapted to meet the sensitivity requirements for this application. A long-working distance geometry was employed to allow imaging through the opposite surface of the 5-cm thick optic. The experimental results demonstrate the potential of OCT for remote monitoring of transparent material processing applications.

Guss, G M; Bass, I l; Hackel, R P; Mailhiot, C; Demos, S G

2008-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

345

The Directional Dependence of Apertures, Limits and Sensitivity of the Lunar Cherenkov Technique to a UHE Neutrino Flux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use computer simulations to obtain the directional-dependence of the lunar Cherenkov technique for ultra-high energy (UHE) neutrino detection. We calculate the instantaneous effective area of past lunar Cherenkov experiments as a function of neutrino arrival direction, and hence the directional-dependence of the combined limit imposed by GLUE and the experiment at Parkes. We also determine the directional dependence of the aperture of future planned experiments with ATCA, ASKAP and the SKA to a UHE neutrino flux, and calculate the potential annual exposure to astronomical objects as a function of angular distance from the lunar trajectory through celestial coordinates.

C. W. James; R. J. Protheroe

2008-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

346

Synthetic fuels from peat: state-of-the-art review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The world has significant resources of peat. Total energy contained in these resources is estimated to be equivalent to over 1800 billion barrels of oil. Peat has been used extensively in Europe and Russia for years as a source of energy. In the United States, where peat resources are estimated at equivalent to 240 billion barrels of oil, peat is not used commercially as a source of energy. In 1974, the Institute of Gas Technology (IGT) initiated peat gasification research under the sponsorship of the Minnesota Gas Company (Minnegasco). The results of that work, continued at IGT under the sponsorship of the US Department of Energy (DOE) and Minnegasco, show that on the basis of chemistry and kinetics, peat is a better raw material for making synthetic fuels than coal. This paper reviews the state-of-the-art of the total system of taking peat from the ground and converting it to synthetic fuels. This system incorporates subsystems on harvesting, dewatering, and conversion processes. The world peat resources and environmental effects on large-scale peat utilization are also reviewed.

Punwani, D.V.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Economical utilization of natural gas to produce synthetic petroleum liquids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new process for converting pipeline quality or subquality natural gas into liquid fuels and other petroleum products is described. The technology, developed by Syntroleum Corporation, utilizes autothermal reforming with air to produce a nitrogen-diluted synthesis gas having a near ideal ratio for converting into synthetic hydrocarbons via Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) synthesis. A proprietary F-T catalyst system, designed to operate in a nitrogen-diluted atmosphere, achieves conversion rates comparable to conventional F-T processes without the need for recycle and the associated recompression equipment. This results in potential plant capital costs low enough to make conversion of remote and or subquality gas into synthetic fuels economical, based on current oil prices. The process is energy self-sufficient and compact enough to be constructed in 5,000 to 10,000 b/d plants on floating or platform facilities to utilize offshore gas reserves. The liquid fuels produced by the process are free of sulfur and aromatics. The process has been demonstrated at pilot-scale. Numerous engineering studies and cost estimates have been conducted to provide the information needed for economic evaluation and confident scale-up. This paper also outlines improvements to the process currently under development and how the process presents new opportunities for gas processors.

Agee, K.L.; Agee, M.A. [Syntroleum Corp., Tulsa, OK (United States); Willingham, F.Y.; Trepper, E.L. [Bateman Engineering, Inc., Denver, CO (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

348

Reduction of NOx in Synthetic Diesel Exhaust via Two-Step Plasma...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Citation: Tonkyn RG, SE Barlow, and J Hoard.2003."Reduction of NOx in Synthetic Diesel Exhaust via Two-Step Plasma-Catalysis Treatment."Applied Catalysis. B,...

349

HE3286, an oral synthetic steroid, treats lung inflammation in mice without immune suppression  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

implications for therapy. Treat Respir Med 2004, 3:147-59.as a potential agent to treat autoimmune diseases. Autoimmunan oral synthetic steroid, treats lung inflammation in mice

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

E-Print Network 3.0 - atp synthetic flux Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

flux Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: atp synthetic flux Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 A genetically encoded fluorescent reporter...

351

SciTech Connect: Synthetic Biology and the U.S. Biotechnology...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; 09 BIOMASS FUELS; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY synthetic biology, biotechnology...

352

Uncertainty in synthetic biology for release and possibilities for regulation under the Toxic Substances Control Act  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The emerging field of synthetic biology is developing rapidly and promises diverse applications. Many anticipated applications, particularly those involving release of engineered microbes into the environment or human ...

Lightfoot, Shlomiya

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Study of scintillation in natural and synthetic quartz and methacrylate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Samples from different materials typically used as optical windows or light guides in scintillation detectors were studied in a very low background environment, at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory, searching for scintillation. A positive result can be confirmed for natural quartz: two distinct scintillation components have been identified, not being excited by an external gamma source. Although similar effect has not been observed neither for synthetic quartz nor for methacrylate, a fast light emission excited by intense gamma flux is evidenced for all the samples in our measurements. These results could affect the use of these materials in low energy applications of scintillation detectors requiring low radioactive background conditions, as they entail a source of background.

J. Amare; S. Borjabad; S. Cebrian; C. Cuesta; D. Fortuno; E. Garcia; C. Ginestra; H. Gomez; D. C. Herrera; M. Martinez; M. A. Olivan; Y. Ortigoza; A. Ortiz de Solorzano; C. Pobes; J. Puimedon; M. L. Sarsa; J. A. Villar; P. Villar

2014-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

354

Characterization of secondary collection system flows beneath synthetic composite liners  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Secondary liner systems for landfills are becoming more common. Subtitle D may be construed to require secondary liners to meet monitorability requirements for new units. Michigan requires secondary liners in many situations, most commonly at previously contaminated sites to allow for differential monitoring of the new cell(s). Much work has been done in characterizing the flow of liquids through FML/clay composite liners but less is known about flows through FML/geosynthetic clay liner (GCL) composite liners or through isolated FMLs. Flow and chemical data are examined from two Michigan landfills employing different configurations of all synthetic primary and secondary liners. The data is examined for apparent trends. Conclusions are drawn about the application of generic action flow rates as a regulatory standard to these systems and the chemical characteristics of the liquids in secondary systems. Calculations are presented to achieve a realistic action leakage rate for these systems.

Groenleer, M.E. [Wenck Associates, Inc., Grand Rapids, MI (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

355

Observation of Dirac Monopoles in a Synthetic Magnetic Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic monopoles --- particles that behave as isolated north or south magnetic poles --- have been the subject of speculation since the first detailed observations of magnetism several hundred years ago. Numerous theoretical investigations and hitherto unsuccessful experimental searches have followed Dirac's 1931 development of a theory of monopoles consistent with both quantum mechanics and the gauge invariance of the electromagnetic field. The existence of even a single Dirac magnetic monopole would have far-reaching physical consequences, most famously explaining the quantization of electric charge. Although analogues of magnetic monopoles have been found in exotic spin-ices and other systems, there has been no direct experimental observation of Dirac monopoles within a medium described by a quantum field, such as superfluid helium-3. Here we demonstrate the controlled creation of Dirac monopoles in the synthetic magnetic field produced by a spinor Bose-Einstein condensate. Monopoles are identified, in b...

Ray, M W; Kandel, S; Möttönen, M; Hall, D S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Reduced thermal resistance of the silicon-synthetic diamond composite substrates at elevated temperatures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/Si sub- strates, depends on the polycrystalline-diamond grain size, diamond layer thicknessReduced thermal resistance of the silicon-synthetic diamond composite substrates at elevated of synthetic diamond-silicon composite substrates. Although composite substrates are more thermally resistive

357

ForPeerReview From vegetable oils to polyurethanes: synthetic routes to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From vegetable oils to polyurethanes: synthetic routes to polyols and main industrial products Myriam and main industrial products Most of biobased polyols for polyurethanes are synthesized from vegetable oils literature; focus on the industrial synthetic routes. Keywords: vegetable oils; biobased polyols

Boyer, Edmond

358

WOBBLED SYNTHETIC DISCRIMINANT FUNCTION CLASSIFICATION Chye-Hwa Loo and Atef Elsherbeni  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fragment-based recognition approach and a new type of synthetic discriminant function (SDF) filter in this paper is to use a new type of Synthetic Discriminant Function (SDF) to reduce the number of reference the principal of SDF while introducing a new type of SDF code named Wobbled SDF. In Section 2, the Analysis

Elsherbeni, Atef Z.

359

Polishing of synthetic electroplating wastewater in microcosm upflow constructed wetlands: Metals removal mechanisms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polishing of synthetic electroplating wastewater in microcosm upflow constructed wetlands: Metals in microcosm upflow constructed wetlands used for polishing of synthetic electroplating wastewater. Four types (2014) 53-42" DOI : 10.1016/j.cej.2013.12.075 #12;Keywords electroplating wastewater, metals, cyanides

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

360

BLIND TESTS OF REFRACTION MICROTREMOR ANALYSIS AGAINST SYNTHETICS AND BOREHOLE DATA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BLIND TESTS OF REFRACTION MICROTREMOR ANALYSIS AGAINST SYNTHETICS AND BOREHOLE DATA Karalyn Heath1 the synthetics in a blind test, following standard ReMi procedures. Between the models and the blind results, we% for Z0. For the second application, we completed blind analyses of refraction microtremor data taken

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Image-Based Rendering for Non-Diffuse Synthetic Scenes Dani Lischinski Ari Rappoport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Image-Based Rendering for Non-Diffuse Synthetic Scenes Dani Lischinski Ari Rappoport The Hebrew University Abstract. Most current image-based rendering methods operate under the assumption that all with image-based rendering of non-diffuse synthetic scenes. We introduce a new family of image-based scene

Rappoport, Ari

362

FSAAWG, ROME 2011 1 Synthetic Voice Forgery in the Forensic Context: a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FSAAWG, ROME 2011 1 Synthetic Voice Forgery in the Forensic Context: a short tutorial Guillaume Paristech, dép. TSI 37-39 rue Dareau 75014 PARIS Abstract--Technical voice forgery in the forensic area has, the forensic context is quite different since the human ear might be able to detect a synthetic voice, thus

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

363

Synthetic jets at large Reynolds number and comparison to continuous jets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental measurements and flow visualization of synthetic jets and similar continuous jets are described. The dimensionless stroke length necessary to form a 2-D synthetic jet is between 5 and 10, with wider-nozzle jets consistently requiring a smaller value. Synthetic jets are wider, slower and have more momentum than similar continuous jets. Synthetic jets are generated using four nozzle widths that vary by a factor of four, and the driving frequency is varied over an order of magnitude. The resultant jets are in the range 13.5 < L{sub o}/h < 80.8 and 695 < Re{sub Uo} < 14700. In spite of the large range of stroke lengths, the near-field behavior of the synthetic jets scales with L{sub o}/h.

Smith, B. L. (Barton L.); Swift, G. W. (Gregory W.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents and discusses results from Task 5 of the study ''Fate of Mercury in Synthetic Gypsum Used for Wallboard Production,'' performed at a full-scale commercial wallboard plant. Synthetic gypsum produced by wet flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems on coal-fired power plants is commonly used in the manufacture of wallboard. The FGD process is used to control the sulfur dioxide emissions which would result in acid rain if not controlled. This practice has long benefited the environment by recycling the FGD gypsum byproduct, which is becoming available in increasing quantities, decreasing the need to landfill this material, and increasing the sustainable design of the wallboard product. However, new concerns have arisen as recent mercury control strategies developed for power plants involve the capture of mercury in FGD systems. The objective of this study is to determine whether any mercury is released into the atmosphere when the synthetic gypsum material is used as a feedstock for wallboard production. The project is being co-funded by the U.S. DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory (Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-04NT42080), USG Corporation, and EPRI. USG Corporation is the prime contractor, and URS Group is a subcontractor. The project scope includes five discrete tasks, each conducted at various USG wallboard plants using synthetic gypsum from different FGD systems. The five tasks were to include (1) a baseline test, then variations representing differing power plant (2) emissions control configurations, (3) treatment of fine gypsum particles, (4) coal types, and (5) FGD reagent types. However, Task 5, which was to evaluate gypsum produced from an alternate FGD reagent, could not be conducted as planned. Instead, Task 5 was conducted at conditions similar to a previous task, Task 3, although with gypsum from an alternate FGD system. In this project, process stacks in the wallboard plant have been sampled using the Ontario Hydro method. The stack locations sampled for each task include a dryer for the wet gypsum as it enters the plant and a gypsum calciner. The stack of the dryer for the wet wallboard product was also tested as part of this task, and was tested as part of Tasks 1 and 4. Also at each site, in-stream process samples were collected and analyzed for mercury concentration before and after each significant step in wallboard production. The Ontario Hydro results, process sample mercury concentration data, and process data were used to construct mercury mass balances across the wallboard plants. Task 5 was conducted at a wallboard plant processing synthetic gypsum from a power plant that fires Eastern bituminous coal. The power plant is equipped with a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system for NOX emissions control, but the SCR was bypassed during the time period the gypsum tested was produced. The power plant has a single-loop, open spray tower, limestone reagent FGD system, with forced oxidation conducted in a reaction tank integral with the FGD absorber. The FGD system has gypsum fines blow down as part of the dewatering step. Gypsum fines blow down is believed to be an important variable that impacts the amount of mercury in the gypsum byproduct and possibly its stability during the wallboard process. The results of the Task 5 stack testing, as measured by the Ontario Hydro method, detected that an average of 51% of the incoming mercury in the FGD gypsum was emitted during wallboard production. These losses were distributed as 2% or less each across the wet gypsum dryer and product wallboard dryer, and about 50% across the gypsum calciner. Emissions were similar to what Task 3 results showed, on both a percentage and a mass basis, for gypsum produced by a power plant firing bituminous coal and also having gypsum fines blow down as part of the FGD dewatering scheme. As was seen in the Task 1 through 4 results, most of the mercury detected in the stack testing on the wet gypsum dryer and kettle calciner was in the form of elemental mercury. In the wallboard dryer kiln, a more signific

Jessica Marshall Sanderson

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

CAFNA{sup (c)}, coded aperture imaging for fast neutron analysis: Application to contraband and explosive detection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fast neutron analysis is a technique for determination of the elemental composition of materials in bulk by detecting the energies of characteristic gamma rays, which are emitted by elements after a neutron interaction. These gamma rays are typically in the 2 to 6 MeV range and it is desired to image them with a high efficiency system. Coded aperture imaging is a technique, which can improve system sensitivity by as much as a factor of fifty as compared to conventional collimators. Such systems have been used in x-ray astronomy, but unlike x-ray astronomy, our system is designed for near field imaging. The choice of pattern is critical to the performance of the system but we have devised patterns such that the reconstruction of point like objects is clean and rapid with no spurious response. We have also used the technique for imaging of high energy radioisotopes used in nuclear medicine.

Lanza, R. C.; Zhang, L. [Department of Nuclear Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

1999-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

366

Arbib, Fagg and Grafton: Synthetic PET Imaging for Grasping May 20, 2001 1 Arbib, M.A., Fagg, A.H., and Grafton, S.T., to appear, Synthetic PET Imaging for Grasping: From  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arbib, Fagg and Grafton: Synthetic PET Imaging for Grasping May 20, 2001 1 Arbib, M.A., Fagg, A.H., and Grafton, S.T., to appear, Synthetic PET Imaging for Grasping: From Primate Neurophysiology to Human, Eds.), Cambridge MA: The MIT Press. Synthetic PET Imaging for Grasping: From Primate Neurophysiology

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

367

Harmonic oscillator with time-dependent effective-mass and frequency with a possible application to 'chirped tidal' gravitational waves forces affecting interferometric detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The general theory of time-dependent frequency and time-dependent mass ('effective mass') is described.The general theory for time-dependent harmonic- oscillator is applied in the present research for studying certain quantum effects in the interferometers for detecting gravitational waves.When an astronomical binary system approaches its point of coalescence the gravitational wave intensity and frequency are increasing and this can lead to strong deviations from the simple description of harmonic-oscillations for the interferometric masses on which the mirrors are placed.It is shown that under such condtions the harmonic-oscillations of these masses can be described by mechanical harmonic-oscillators with time-dependent frequency and effective-mass. In the present theoretical model the effective-mass is decreasing with time describing pumping phenomena in which the oscillator amplitude is increasing with time . The quantization of this system is analyzed by the use of the adiabatic approximation. It is found that the increase of the gravitational wave intensity, within the adiabatic approximation, leads to squeezing phenomena where the quantum noise in one quadrature is increased and in the other quadrature is decreased.

Yacob Ben-Aryeh

2008-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

368

What causes the large extensions of red-supergiant atmospheres? Comparisons of interferometric observations with 1-D hydrostatic, 3-D convection, and 1-D pulsating model atmospheres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the atmospheric structure and the fundamental parameters of three red supergiants, increasing the sample of RSGs observed by near-infrared spectro-interferometry. Additionally, we test possible mechanisms that may explain the large observed atmospheric extensions of RSGs. We carried out spectro-interferometric observations of 3 RSGs in the near-infrared K-band with the VLTI/AMBER instrument at medium spectral resolution. To comprehend the extended atmospheres, we compared our observational results to predictions by available hydrostatic PHOENIX, available 3-D convection, and new 1-D self-excited pulsation models of RSGs. Our near-infrared flux spectra are well reproduced by the PHOENIX model atmospheres. The continuum visibility values are consistent with a limb-darkened disk as predicted by the PHOENIX models, allowing us to determine the angular diameter and the fundamental parameters of our sources. Nonetheless, in the case of V602 Car and HD 95686, the PHOENIX model visibilities do not predict ...

Arroyo-Torres, B; Chiavassa, A; Scholz, M; Freytag, B; Marcaide, J M; Hauschildt, P H; Wood, P R; Abellan, F J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Kinetics and thermodynamics of hydrotreating synthetic middle distillates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Middle distillates from the Tar Sands deposits in Alberta are an important component of diesel and jet fuels in the Canadian market. Commercial catalysts based on sulfided Ni-Mo and Ni-W are currently used to hydrogenate synthetic distillates to improve the cetane number and smoke point. In previous work {sup 13}C NMR was used to study the kinetics of overall hydrogenation of aromatics over sulfided Co-Mo, Ni-Mo and Ni-W catalysts. Arrhenius parameters were obtained for hydrogenation over sulfided Ni-W catalyst for a similar distillate feedstock. In the latter study, mass spectrometry was used to quantitate the three major aromatic hydrocarbon group types in the feed and products. In this study, liquid products from hydrotreating experiments with a hydrotreated distillate from delayed coking of Athabasca bitumen and sulfided Co-Mo and Ni-Mo catalysts have been analyzed by mass spectrometry. This completes a preliminary comparison of the kinetics of hydrogenation of alkylbenzenes, benzocycloparaffins and benzodicycloparaffins, the three major aromatic hydrocarbon types in these distillates.

Fisher, I.P. (Petro-Canada R and D Dept., Sheridan Park, Ontario (Canada)); Wilson, M.F. (CANMET, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada))

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Observation of Dirac Monopoles in a Synthetic Magnetic Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic monopoles --- particles that behave as isolated north or south magnetic poles --- have been the subject of speculation since the first detailed observations of magnetism several hundred years ago. Numerous theoretical investigations and hitherto unsuccessful experimental searches have followed Dirac's 1931 development of a theory of monopoles consistent with both quantum mechanics and the gauge invariance of the electromagnetic field. The existence of even a single Dirac magnetic monopole would have far-reaching physical consequences, most famously explaining the quantization of electric charge. Although analogues of magnetic monopoles have been found in exotic spin-ices and other systems, there has been no direct experimental observation of Dirac monopoles within a medium described by a quantum field, such as superfluid helium-3. Here we demonstrate the controlled creation of Dirac monopoles in the synthetic magnetic field produced by a spinor Bose-Einstein condensate. Monopoles are identified, in both experiments and matching numerical simulations, at the termini of vortex lines within the condensate. By directly imaging such a vortex line, the presence of a monopole may be discerned from the experimental data alone. These real-space images provide conclusive and long-awaited experimental evidence of the existence of Dirac monopoles. Our result provides an unprecedented opportunity to observe and manipulate these quantum-mechanical entities in a controlled environment.

M. W. Ray; E. Ruokokoski; S. Kandel; M. Möttönen; D. S. Hall

2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

371

Synthetic fuels from peat by the IGT PEATGAS Process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Peat gasification research at the Institute of Gas Technology (IGT) began in 1974 under the sponsorship of the Minnesota Gas company (Minnegasco). The preliminary evaluation conducted under that program showed encouraging results and led to an expanded program under the joint sponsorship of the US Department of Energy (DOE) and Minnegasco. The current program is also funded by the Gas Research Institute (GRI) and the Northern Natural Gas Company (NNGC). Since 1976 IGT has completed tests with peats from Minnesota, North Carolina, and Maine in laboratory-scale equipment and process development units (PDU's). Tests in the hydrogasification PDU (which represents a scale-up of 250 times the laboratory-scale equipment) confirm the laboratory results. Preparations are being made for pilot-plant scale gasification tests in a modified coal gasification pilot plant (HYGAS) in Chicago. Based on the experimental results obtained in the laboratory-scale tests, IGT conceived a two-stage gasifier (named PEATGAS) for converting peat to synthetic fuels. The PEATGAS Process can be used for making medium- or high-Btu gas as well as liquid fuels. A complete process design and cost estimates have been prepared for a plant producing 250 million cubic feet of SNG per day from Minnesota peat containing 50% moisture. These estimates show that the conversion of peat (containing 50% moisture) is competitive with other alternative methods of SNG production. This paper discusses the important and significant gasification characteristics of the peats evaluated. The paper also describes the use of the PEATGAS Process for production of medium-Btu gas, methanol, and gasoline.

Punwani, D.V.; Rader, A.M.; Kopstein, M.J.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

A Path to the Formulation of New Generations of Synthetic Jet Fuel Derived from Natural Gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with industry and academia to study synthetic jet fuels derived from natural gas. These studies are being implemented at its Fuel Characterization Lab where the most advanced testing equipment is used and strict Quality Management and safety systems are followed...

Al-Nuaimi, Ibrahim Awni Omar Hassan

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

373

Structural Analysis of Human and Bovine Bone for Development of Synthetic Materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

bones, as well as mimicking nature by developing a synthetic material to repair bones. Experimentally, bovine bone, tumor-free human bone, and cancerous human bone were studied via the small scale mechanical loading test. Failure analysis was conducted...

Jang, Eunhwa

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

374

Strategies for designing, testing and demonstrating safety : what synthetic biology can learn from retrospective cases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic biology is an emerging technology field within the realm of genetic engineering, differing from traditional genetic engineering in that it focuses on the modularization of genetic parts and the creation of de ...

Yeddanapudi, Neelima, 1976-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Identification of conserved chromatin-regulatory complexes among the class B synthetic multivulva proteins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The class A, B, and C synthetic Multivulva (synMuv) genes act redundantly to antagonize Ras-mediated vulval induction in C. elegans. Many of these genes encode proteins that are likely to function in transcriptional ...

Harrison, Melissa M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

SYNFORMPeople, Trends and Views in Synthetic Organic Chemistry Direct Conversion of Arylamines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Formamides to Alkynes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A41 Direct ConversionSYNFORMPeople, Trends and Views in Synthetic Organic Chemistry 2010/05 Thieme SYNSTORIES Direct Conversion of Arylamines to Pinacol Boronates Palladium-Catalyzed Intermolecular Addition of Formamides

Wang, Jianbo

377

Ribozyme-based "insulator parts" buffer synthetic circuits from genetic context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic genetic programs are built from circuits that integrate sensors and implement temporal control of gene expression1–4. Transcriptional circuits are layered by using promoters to carry the signal between circuits. ...

Lou, Chunbo

378

A fast, robust and tunable synthetic gene oscillator Jesse Stricker1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LETTERS A fast, robust and tunable synthetic gene oscillator Jesse Stricker1 *, Scott Cookson1 *, Matthew R. Bennett1,2 *, William H. Mather1 , Lev S. Tsimring2 & Jeff Hasty1,2 One defining goal

Hasty, Jeff

379

Synthetic creation of a chemotactic system via utilization of magnetically actuated microrobotic walkers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chemotaxis is a fundamental biological process that plays an important role in disease, reproduction, and most biological functions. Here, we present a radically novel method to create the first synthetic chemotactic system ...

Steimel, Joshua Paul

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Polishing of synthetic electroplating wastewater in microcosm upflow constructed wetlands: Effect of operating conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polishing of synthetic electroplating wastewater in microcosm upflow constructed wetlands: Effect of polishing electroplating wastewater in subsurface vertical flow constructed wetland. Electroplating wastewater treatment or polishing in constructed wetlands (CWs) was studied to a very limited degree. Four

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

ash-based synthetic aggregates: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

state particle size distributions in a 3-d synthetic turbulent flow. We show how a fractal-like structure, typical of aggregates in natural systems, can be incorporated in an...

382

Transport synthetic acceleration methods for one-dimensional deterministic transport problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct and analyze three transport synthetic acceleration schemes. Our goal is the development of a rapidly convergent acceleration scheme that is robust and computationally efficient even for thick, diffusive problems. Additionally, we hope...

Hawkins, William Daryl

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

A platform for rapid prototyping of synthetic gene networks in mammalian cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mammalian synthetic biology may provide novel therapeutic strategies, help decipher new paths for drug discovery and facilitate synthesis of valuable molecules. Yet, our capacity to genetically program cells is currently ...

Wroblewska, Liliana

384

A Method for Fast, High-Precision Characterization of Synthetic Biology Devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering biological systems with predictable behavior is a foundational goal of synthetic biology. To accomplish this, it is important to accurately characterize the behavior of biological devices. Prior characterization ...

Beal, Jacob

2012-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

385

Process for gasification using a synthetic CO.sub.2 acceptor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gasification process is disclosed using a synthetic CO.sub.2 acceptor consisting essentially of at least one compound selected from the group consisting of calcium oxide and calcium carbonate supported in a refractory carrier matrix, the carrier having the general formula Ca.sub.5 (SiO.sub.4).sub.2 CO.sub.3. A method for producing the synthetic CO.sub.2 acceptor is also disclosed.

Lancet, Michael S. (Pittsburgh, PA); Curran, George P. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

XAFS of Synthetic Iron(III)-Arsenate Co-Precipitates and Uranium Mill Neutralized Raffinate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

XAFS studies were carried out for chemical speciation of arsenic species in uranium mill neutralized raffinate solids. To aid the structural characterization, synthetic iron(III)-arsenate co-precipitates were prepared to mimic the actual uranium mill tailings neutralization products. The principle components analysis method was used to validate the synthetic amorphous scorodite as a primary model compound for arsenate species in the raffinate samples under the specific precipitation conditions.

Chen, N. [Canadian Light Source, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 0X4 (Canada); Department of Geological Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK (Canada); Jiang, D. T. [Canadian Light Source, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 0X4 (Canada); COGEMA Resources Inc., Saskatoon, SK S7K 3X5 (Canada); Department of Physics, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1 (Canada); Cutler, J. [Canadian Light Source, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 0X4 (Canada); Demopoulos, G. P. [Department of Geological Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK (Canada); Rowson, J. W. [Department of Materials Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 2B2 (Canada)

2007-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

387

Lighting system with thermal management system having point contact synthetic jets  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Lighting system having unique configurations are provided. For instance, the lighting system may include a light source, a thermal management system and driver electronics, each contained within a housing structure. The light source is configured to provide illumination visible through an opening in the housing structure. The thermal management system includes a plurality of synthetic jets. The synthetic jets are arranged within the lighting system such that they are secured at contact points.

Arik, Mehmet; Weaver, Stanton Earl; Kuenzler, Glenn Howard; Wolfe, Jr., Charles Franklin; Sharma, Rajdeep

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

388

Procedure for matching synfuel users with potential suppliers. Appendix B. Proposed and ongoing synthetic fuel production projects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To assist the Department of Energy, Office of Fuels Conversion (OFC), in implementing the synthetic fuel exemption under the Powerplant and Industrial Fuel Use Act (FUA) of 1978, Resource Consulting Group, Inc. (RCG), has developed a procedure for matching prospective users and producers of synthetic fuel. The matching procedure, which involves a hierarchical screening process, is designed to assist OFC in: locating a supplier for a firm that wishes to obtain a synthetic fuel exemption; determining whether the fuel supplier proposed by a petitioner is technically and economically capable of meeting the petitioner's needs; and assisting the Synthetic Fuels Corporation or a synthetic fuel supplier in evaluating potential markets for synthetic fuel production. A data base is provided in this appendix on proposed and ongoing synthetic fuel production projects to be used in applying the screening procedure. The data base encompasses a total of 212 projects in the seven production technologies.

None

1981-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

389

Interactions of Jet Fuels with Nitrile O-Rings: Petroleum-Derived versus Synthetic Fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A transition from petroleum-derived jet fuels to blends with Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) fuels, and ultimately fully synthetic hydro-isomerized F-T fuels has raised concern about the fate of plasticizers in nitrile-butadiene rubber o-rings that are contacted by the fuels as this transition occurs. The partitioning of plasticizers and fuel molecules between nitrile o-rings and petroleum-derived, synthetic, and additized-synthetic jet fuels has been measured. Thermal desorption of o-rings soaked in the various jet fuels followed by gas chromatographic analysis with a mass spectrometric detector showed many of the plasticizer and stabilizer compounds were removed from the o-rings regardless of the contact fuel. Fuel molecules were observed to migrate into the o-rings for the petroleum-derived fuel as did both the fuel and additive for a synthetic F-T jet fuel additized with benzyl alcohol, but less for the unadditized synthetic fuel. The specific compounds or classes of compounds involved in the partitioning were identified and a semiquantitative comparison of relative partitioning of the compounds of interest was made. The results provide another step forward in improving the confidence level of using additized, fuIly synthetic jet fuel in the place of petroleum-derived fueL

Gormley, R.J.; Link, D.D.; Baltrus, J.P.; Zandhuis, P.H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Interactions of Jet Fuels with Nitrile O-Rings: Petroleum-Derived versus Synthetic Fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A transition from petroleum-derived jet fuels to blends with Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) fuels, and ultimately fully synthetic hydro-isomerized F-T fuels has raised concern about the fate of plasticizers in nitrile-butadiene rubber a-rings that are contacted by the fuels as this transition occurs. The partitioning of plasticizers and fuel molecules between nitrile a-rings and petroleum-derived, synthetic, and additized-synthetic jet fuels has been measured. Thermal desorption of o-rings soaked in the various jet fuels followed by gas chromatographic analysis with a mass spectrometric detector showed many of the plasticizer and stabilizer compounds were removed from the o-rings regardless of the contact fuel. Fuel molecules were observed to migrate into the o-rings for the petroleum-derived fuel as did both the fuel and additive for a synthetic F-T jet fuel additized with benzyl alcohol, but less for the unadditized synthetic fuel. The specific compounds or classes of compounds involved in the partitioning were identified and a semiquantitative comparison of relative partitioning of the compounds of interest was made. The results provide another step forward in improving the confidence level of using additized, fully synthetic jet fuel in the place of petroleum-derived fuel.

Gormley, R.J.; Link, D.D.; Baltrus, J.P.; Zandhuis, P.H.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Synthetic Coal Slag Infiltration into Varying Refractory Materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The infiltrations of synthetic coal slag into 99%Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, 85%Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}–15%SiO{sub 2}, and 90%Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3}–10%Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} refractories with a temperature gradient induced along the penetration direction were compared to one another. The infiltrating slag was synthesized with a composition that is representative of an average of the ash contents from U S coal feedstock. Experiments were conducted with a hot-face temperature of 1450°C in a CO/CO{sub 2} atmosphere. Minimal penetration was observed in the 90%Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3}–10%Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} material because interactions between the refractory and the slag produced a protective layer of FeCr{sub 2}O{sub 4}, which impeded slag flow into the bulk of the refractory. After 5 h, the 99%Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} sample exhibited an average penetration of 12.7 mm whereas the 85%Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}–15%SiO{sub 2} sample showed 3.8 mm. Slag infiltrated into the 99%Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and 85%Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}–15%SiO{sub 2} refractory systems by dissolving the respective refractories' matrix materials, which consist of fine Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} particles and an amorphous alumino-silicate phase. Due to enrichment in SiO{sub 2}, a network-former, infiltration into the 85%Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}–15%SiO{sub 2} system yielded a higher viscosity slag and hence, a shallower penetration depth. The results suggest that slag infiltration can be limited by interactions with the refractory through the formation of either a solid layer that physically impedes fluid flow or a more viscous slag that retards infiltration.

Kaneko, Tetsuya K.; Thomas, Hugh; Bennett, James P.; Sridhar, Seetharaman

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Remote optical sensing on the nanometer scale with a bowtie aperture nano-antenna on a SNOM fiber tip  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasmonic nano-antennas have proven the outstanding ability of sensing chemical and physical processes down to the nano-meter scale. Sensing is usually achieved within the highly confined optical fields generated resonantly by the nano-antennas, i.e. in contact to the nano-structures. In these paper, We demonstrate the sensing capability of nano-antennas to their larger scale environment, well beyond their plasmonic confinement volume, leading to the concept of 'remote' (non contact) sensing on the nano-meter scale. On the basis of a bowtie-aperture nano-antenna (BNA) integrated at the apex of a SNOM fiber tip, we introduce an ultra-compact, move-able and background-free optical nano-sensor for the remote sensing of a silicon surface (up to distance of 300 nm). Sensitivity of the BNA to its large scale environment is high enough to expect the monitoring and control of the spacing between the nano-antenna and a silicon surface with sub-nano-meter accuracy. This work paves the way towards a new class of nano-po...

Atie, Elie M; Eter, Ali El; Salut, Roland; Nedeljkovic, Dusan; Tannous, Tony; Baida, Fadi I; Grosjean, Thierry

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

I. ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS FROM SURINAME AND MADAGASCAR FLORA. II. A SYNTHETIC APPROACH TO LUCILACTAENE.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS FROM SURINAME AND MADAGASCAR FLORA AND A SYNTHETIC APPROACH TO LUCILACTAENE ABSTRACT Eba Adou As part of an International… (more)

Adou, Eba

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

A bio-synthetic interface for discovery of viral entry mechanisms.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding and defending against pathogenic viruses is an important public health and biodefense challenge. The focus of our LDRD project has been to uncover the mechanisms enveloped viruses use to identify and invade host cells. We have constructed interfaces between viral particles and synthetic lipid bilayers. This approach provides a minimal setting for investigating the initial events of host-virus interaction - (i) recognition of, and (ii) entry into the host via membrane fusion. This understanding could enable rational design of therapeutics that block viral entry as well as future construction of synthetic, non-proliferating sensors that detect live virus in the environment. We have observed fusion between synthetic lipid vesicles and Vesicular Stomatitis virus particles, and we have observed interactions between Nipah virus-like particles and supported lipid bilayers and giant unilamellar vesicles.

Gutzler, Mike; Maar, Dianna; Negrete, Oscar; Hayden, Carl C.; Sasaki, Darryl Yoshio; Stachowiak, Jeanne C.; Wang, Julia

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Analysis of synthetic motor oils for additive elements by ICP-AES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Standard motor oils are made by blending paraffinic or naphthenic mineral oil base stocks with additive packages containing anti-wear agents, dispersants, corrosion inhibitors, and viscosity index improvers. The blender can monitor the correct addition of the additives by determining the additive elements in samples dissolved in a solvent by ICP-AES. Internal standardization is required to control sample transport interferences due to differences in viscosity between samples and standards. Synthetic motor oils, made with poly-alpha-olefins and trimethylol propane esters, instead of mineral oils, pose an additional challenge since these compounds affect the plasma as well as having sample transport interference considerations. The synthetic lubricant base stocks add significant oxygen to the sample matrix, which makes the samples behave differently than standards prepared in mineral oil. Determination of additive elements in synthetic motor oils will be discussed.

Williams, M.C.; Salmon, S.G. [Texaco Inc., Beacon, NY (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

396

The removal kinetics of industrial organic compounds in natural and synthetic systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE REMOVAL KINETICS OF INDUSTRIAL ORGANIC COMPOUNDS IN NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC SYSTEMS A Thesis by ALBERT C. PETRASEK, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1970 Major Subject: Civil Engineering THE REMOVAL, KINETICS OF INDUSTRIAL ORGANIC COMPOUNDS IN NATURAL AND SYNTHETIC SYSTEMS A Thesis by ALBERT C. PETRASEK? dR ~ Approved as to style and content by a rman o omm t ee em er...

Petrasek, Albert Charles

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Synthetic peptides that cause F-actin bundling and block actin depolymerization  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Synthetic peptides derived from sucrose synthase, and having homology to actin and actin-related proteins, sharing a common motif, useful for causing acting bundling and preventing actin depolymerization. Peptides exhibiting the common motif are described, as well as specific synthetic peptides which caused bundled actin and inhibit actin depolymerization. These peptides can be useful for treating a subject suffering from a disease characterized by cells having neoplastic growth, for anti-cancer therapeutics, delivered to subjects solely, or concomitantly or sequentially with other known cancer therapeutics. These peptides can also be used for stabilizing microfilaments in living cells and inhibiting growth of cells.

Sederoff, Heike (Raleigh, NC); Huber, Steven C (Savoy, IL); Larabell, Carolyn A (Berkeley, CA)

2011-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

398

Making Lasting Bonds Through Synthetic Chemistry Tim Hubin and William Kelly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Making Lasting Bonds Through Synthetic Chemistry Tim Hubin and William Kelly Southwestern 73096 580-774-3026 tim.hubin@swosu.edu William J. Kelly, Ph. D. Professor and Chair Department-774-3026 william.kelly@swosu.edu 3. Development Staff Proposed: a. Full curriculum development and initial testing

Hubin, Tim

399

Charge-pumping in a synthetic leaf for harvesting energy from evaporation-driven flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Charge-pumping in a synthetic leaf for harvesting energy from evaporation-driven flows Ruba T storage capacitor by 2­5 V. We provide estimates of power density, energy density, and scavenging. When the gas phase around the plant is at a lower water potential than the saturated soil, water

Maharbiz, Michel

400

Generating Synthetic Meta-data for Georeferenced Video Sakire Arslan Ay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to simulate the behavioral patterns of mobile cameras in the synthetic data. The data generation process can the feasibility and applicability of the proposed approach by providing comparisons with real-world data and GIS; H.3.4 [Information Storage and Retrieval]: Systems and Software--Performance eval- uation

Kim, Seon Ho

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Synthetic fabrication strategy optimizes the illumination geometry and transport properties of dye-sensitized solar cells.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solar cells. Using oriented titanium oxide (TiO2 ) nanotube (NT) arrays has shown promise for dye- sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). High solar conversion efficiency requires that the incident light entersSynthetic fabrication strategy optimizes the illumination geometry and transport properties of dye-sensitized

402

Novel synthetic phytochelatin-based capacitive biosensor for heavy metal ion detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to increasing levels of diverse pollutants. Heavy metals represent some of the most toxic ones not only to pollution by heavy metals, and is trying to remediate, control and minimize such pollution as muchNovel synthetic phytochelatin-based capacitive biosensor for heavy metal ion detection Ibolya

Chen, Wilfred

403

2000 Special Issue Synthetic brain imaging: grasping, mirror neurons and imitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2000 Special Issue Synthetic brain imaging: grasping, mirror neurons and imitation M.A. Arbiba,b,*, A. Billardb , M. Iacobonic , E. Oztopa,b a USC Brain Project, University of Southern California, Los, CA 90089-2520, USA c Division of Brain Mapping, Neuropsychiatric Institute, UCLA School of Medicine

Oztop, Erhan

404

Evaluating speech intelligibility enhancement for HMM-based synthetic speech in noise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluating speech intelligibility enhancement for HMM-based synthetic speech in noise Cassia It is possible to increase the intelligibility of speech in noise by enhancing the clean speech signal Valentini-Botinhao, Junichi Yamagishi, Simon King The Centre for Speech Technology Research, University

Edinburgh, University of

405

P16: A distortion-weighted glimpse-based intelligibility metric for modified and synthetic speech  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for speech enhancement in known noise conditions," in Proc. Interspeech, pp. 1636-1639. M. Cooke, C. Mayo, CP16: A distortion-weighted glimpse-based intelligibility metric for modified and synthetic speech Yan Tang1 and Martin Cooke2,1 Cassia Valentini-Botinhao3 1 Language and Speech Laboratory, University

Edinburgh, University of

406

BIODEGRADATION OF COMPOSITE NONWOVENS MADE OF NATURAL FIBERS AND SYNTHETIC POLYMERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 BIODEGRADATION OF COMPOSITE NONWOVENS MADE OF NATURAL FIBERS AND SYNTHETIC POLYMERS Ioan I Research Center, New Orleans, LA ABSTRACT Composite nonwovens have been prepared from bagasse and cotton-co-terephthalate) and poly(hydroxy butyrate). Some nonwoven compositions have been treated with flame retardants containing

407

A multicomponent coupled model of glacier hydrology 1. Theory and synthetic examples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A multicomponent coupled model of glacier hydrology 1. Theory and synthetic examples Gwenn E; published 12 November 2002. [1] Basal hydrology is acknowledged as a fundamental control on glacier dynamics of existing basal hydrology models is the treatment of the glacier bed as an isolated system. We present

Flowers, Gwenn

408

Sensor Based Synthetic Actors in a Tennis Game Simulation Hansrudi NOSER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sensor Based Synthetic Actors in a Tennis Game Simulation Hansrudi NOSER Daniel THALMANN Computer@lig.di.epfl.ch; thalmann@lig.di.epfl.ch) Abstract In this article we propose a model of a tennis game simulation and audition. Physical modeling of the ball dynamic and sound rendering enhance realism. An interactive user

Pratt, Vaughan

409

A fluorescent assay for chloride transport; identification of a synthetic anionophore with improved activity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A fluorescent assay for chloride transport; identification of a synthetic anionophore with improved on the chloride-sensitive probe, lucigenin, is developed for monitoring chloride transport into vesicles, and used to compare the effectiveness of three steroid- derived transporters. A topic of growing interest

Smith, Bradley D.

410

Birth and Growth of Cavitation Bubbles within Water under Tension Confined in a Simple Synthetic Tree  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Birth and Growth of Cavitation Bubbles within Water under Tension Confined in a Simple Synthetic. Cavitation can spontaneously occur, nucleating a bubble. We investigate the dynamics of spontaneous or triggered cavitation inside water filled microcavities of a hydrogel. Results show that a stable bubble

Ohl, Claus-Dieter

411

nature biotechnology volume 27 number 12 december 2009 1127 Recent patent applications in synthetic biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for controlling cell function, as a raw material in synthetic biology for reconstructing a biomolecule relative to the expression in the first organism strain prior to its transformation. Advanced Biofuels element having a left inverted repeat region, a right inverted repeat region and a spacer region

Cai, Long

412

Synthetic aggregates prepared from flue gas desulfurization by-products using various binder materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD) by-products can be converted into environmentally safe and structurally stable aggregates. One type of synthetic aggregate was prepared using an optimum mixture of (FGD) by-products, fly ash, and water. Mineral reactions have been examined using X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscope.

Bellucci, J.; Graham, U.M.; Hower, J.C.; Robl, T.L. [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Center for Applied Energy Research

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

413

Will Kentucky lead the way in synthetic fuels production? A history lesson  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At four times in the history of the United States, synthetic fuels have been used as the energy savior of the country, from the period immediately following the second World War to the mid 1980s when the Synthetic Fuels Corporation was unceremoniously demolished by the Reagan administration. The Center for Applied Energy Research at the University of Kentucky has been a major player in the game and the state of Kentucky has received much funding for synthetic fuels development since the 1970s. The article traces the history of developments in the field. The fate of the development has in the author's opinion been influenced by the misalignment of three 'spheres of influence' - in essence the political economy, environmental/regulatory issues, and the technological innovation process. Synthetic fuels can now become an integral part of what is called a 'multiplex energy strategy' and Kentucky again has the opportunity to build on its prior experience and embrace a new paradigm regarding how clean energy solutions based on gasification technologies can aid the USA. 4 photos.

Musulin, M.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Hydrogen and minor element incorporation in synthetic rutile G. D. BROMILEY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogen and minor element incorporation in synthetic rutile G. D. BROMILEY 1,2, * AND N. HILAIRET from substitutional defects. KEYWORDS: rutile, hydrogen, substitution, solubility, spectroscopy of lower- valence cations may be charge-balanced by incorporation of hydrogen in the rutile structure

415

Design of insulating devices for in vitro synthetic circuits Elisa Franco, Domitilla Del Vecchio and Richard M. Murray  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design of insulating devices for in vitro synthetic circuits Elisa Franco, Domitilla Del Vecchio as an insulating device. This circuit is composed of nucleic acids, which can be designed to interact according their functionality. Insulation blocks are crucial to this purpose. Simple direct connection of different synthetic

Murray, Richard M.

416

HOSNY, AMR. Behavior of Concrete Members Containing Lightweight Synthetic Particles. (Under the direction of Dr. Sami Rizkalla.)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT HOSNY, AMR. Behavior of Concrete Members Containing Lightweight Synthetic Particles of Lightweight Synthetic Particles (LSP) to normal weight concrete leads to reduction of the unit weight of the concrete by 10 to 20 percent resulting in concrete with unit weights ranging between 120 and 130 lb/ft3

417

High-aperture binary axicons for the formation of the longitudinal electric field component on the optical axis for linear and circular polarizations of the illuminating beam  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Diffraction of uniformly polarized laser beams with vortex phase singularity is theoretically analyzed using the plane wave expansion. It is shown that for a high numerical aperture, an intense longitudinal electric field component is formed on the optical axis in this case. It is numerically demonstrated that an analogous effect is ensured for diffraction of a conventional Gaussian beam from asymmetric binary axicons. The field intensity on the optical axis can be varied either by rotating the optical element or by changing the direction of polarization of radiation.

Khonina, S. N., E-mail: khonina@smr.ru; Savelyev, D. A., E-mail: dmitrey.savelyev@yandex.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Image Processing Systems (Russian Federation)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

418

Method for forming a layer of synthetic corrosion products on tubing surfaces  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is provided for forming a synthetic corrosion product layer on tube surfaces. The method utilizes two dissimilar materials with different coefficients of thermal expansion. An object tube and sacrificial tube are positioned one inside the other such that an annular region is created between the two tubes' surfaces. A slurry of synthetic corrosion products is injected into this annular region and the assembly is heat treated. This heat causes the tubes to expand, the inner tube with the higher coefficient of expansion expanding more than the outer tube, thereby creating internal pressures which consolidate the corrosion products and adhere the corrosion products to the tubing surfaces. The sacrificial tube may then be removed by conventional chemical etching or mechanical methods.

Lane, Michael H. (Clifton Park, NY); Salamon, Eugene J. M. (Clifton Park, NY)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Identification of aluminum scale with the aid of synthetically produced basic aluminum fluoride complexes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aluminum scaling can be a problem following HF acidizing. In this paper, a series of synthetic aluminum scales was prepared and identified. The aluminum compounds of a field scale were identified with similar procedures. Recent field work showed that the use of acetic acid in the HF acidizing sequences significantly decreased scaling. The role of acetic acid is discussed on the basis of laboratory support of these field data.

Shuchart, C.E. (Halliburton Services, Duncan, OK (United States)); Ali, S.A. (Chevron U.S.A. Inc., New Orleans, LA (United States))

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Synthetic cytokinin effects on vegetative propagation of Lilium longiflorum Thunb. 'Ace'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A ', ~/~ '- . g. ~ember August 1974 ABSTRACT Synthetic Cytokinin Effects on Vegetative Propagation oi' Lili 1 ~if1 , h O. 'Ace'. (hog : 1974I Cathy Marie Wilhite, B. S. , Texas Tech University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. A. E. Nightingale Foliar... of her commi ttee, Drs. A. E. Nightingale, H. T. Blackhurst, and M. H. Milford, for their patience, guidance, and understanding. She also appreciates the encouragement of the faculty, secretaries, and fellow graduate students in the Horticulture...

Wilhite, Cathy Marie

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

IAC-Star: a Code for Synthetic Color-Magnitude Diagram Computation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The code IAC-star is presented. It generates synthetic HR and color-magnitude diagrams (CMDs) and is mainly aimed to star formation history studies in nearby galaxies. Composite stellar populations are calculated on a star by star basis, by computing the luminosity, effective temperature and gravity of each star by direct bi-logarithmic interpolation in the metallicity and age grid of a library of stellar evolution tracks. Visual (broad band and HST) and infrared magnitudes are also provided for each star after applying bolometric corrections. The Padua (Bertelli et al. 1994, Girardi et al. 2000) and Teramo (Pietrinferni et al. 2004) stellar evolution libraries and various bolometric corrections libraries are used in the current version. A variety of star formation rate functions, initial mass functions and chemical enrichment laws are allowed and binary stars can be computed. Although the main motivation of the code is the computation of synthetic CMDs, it also provides integrated masses, luminosities and magnitudes as well as surface brightness fluctuation luminosities and magnitudes for the total synthetic stellar population, and therefore it can also be used for population synthesis research. The code is offered for free use and can be executed at the site {\\tt http://iac-star.iac.es}, with the only requirement of referencing this paper and crediting as indicated in the site.

A. Aparicio; C. Gallart

2004-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

422

Synthetic fuels and the environment: an environmental and regulatory impacts analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since July 1979 when DOE/EV-0044 report Environmental Analysis of Synthetic Liquid fuels was published the synthetic fuels program proposals of the Administration have undergone significant modifications. The program year for which the development goal of 1.5 million barrels per day is to be reached has been changed from 1990 to 1995. The program plan is now proposed to have two stages to ensure, among other things, better environmental protection: an initial stage emphasizing applied research and development (R and D), including environmental research, followed by a second stage that would accelerate deployment of those synthetic fuel technologies then judged most ready for rapid deployment and economic operation within the environmental protection requirements. These program changes have significantly expanded the scope of technologies to be considered in this environmental analysis and have increased the likelihood that accelerated environmental R and D efforts will be successful in solving principal environmental and worker safety concerns for most technologies prior to the initiation of the second stage of the accelerated deployment plan. Information is presented under the following section headings: summary; study description; the technologies and their environmental concerns (including, coal liquefaction and gasification, oil shale production, biomass and urban waste conversion); regulatory and institutional analyses; and environmental impacts analysis (including air and water quaility analyses, impacts of carbon dioxide and acid rain, water availability, solid and hazardous wastes, coal mining environmental impacts, transportation issues, community growth and change, and regional impacts). Additional information is presented in seventeen appendixes. (JGB)

None

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Synthetic Fuel  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Two global energy priorities today are finding environmentally friendly alternatives to fossil fuels, and reducing greenhouse gass Two global energy priorities today are finding environmentally friendly alternatives to fossil fuels, and reducing greenhous

Idaho National Laboratory - Steve Herring, Jim O'Brien, Carl Stoots

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

424

Bridging gaps in synthetic biology oversight : iGEM as a testbed for proactive, adaptive risk management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the surface, the emerging field of synthetic biology looks highly similar to that of genetic engineering. However, the two fields are based upon divergent underlying logic structures. Whereas genetic engineering affects ...

McNamara, Julie H. (Julie Hutton)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Part Mining for Synthetic Biology (2013 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy and Environment 8th Annual User Meeting)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chris Voigt from MIT delivers the opening keynote on "Part Mining for Synthetic Biology" at the 8th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 26, 2013 in Walnut Creek, Calif.

Voigt, Chris [MIT

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

The potential utilization of nuclear hydrogen for synthetic fuels production at a coal–to–liquid facility / Steven Chiuta.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The production of synthetic fuels (synfuels) in coal–to–liquids (CTL) facilities has contributed to global warming due to the huge CO2 emissions of the process. This… (more)

Chiuta, Steven

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Effect of degree of synthetic lightweight aggregate pre-wetting on the freeze-thaw durability of lightweight concrete  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECT OF DEGREE OF SYNTHETIC LIGHTWEIGHT AGGREGATE PRE-WETTING ON THE FREEZE-THAW DURABILITY OF LIGHTWEIGHT CONCRETE A Thesis By CHANDRAKANT N. KANABAR Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1966 Major Subject: Civil Engineering EFFECT OF DEGREE OF SYNTHETIC LIGHTWEIGHT AGGREGATE PRE-WETTING ON THE FREEZE-THAW DURABILITY OF LIGHTWEIGHT CONCRETE A Thesis By CHANDRAKANT N. KANABAR Approved...

Kanabar, C. N

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Physical characterization of magmatic liquids. [Ultrasonic and Brillouin Scattering Studies of Natural and Synthetic Silicates and Oxides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes a research project that was conducted from August 15, 1985 to February 28, 1992. The project was based on the ultrasonic studies of natural and synthetic silicate melts, and the study of Brillouin scattering of synthetic silicates and oxides. Measurements of the compressional wave velocity and attenuation can be established using the ultrasonic methods. Temperature dependences of silicates can be established by the Brillouin scattering. (MB)

Manghnani, M.H.

1992-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

429

Effect of the photon lifetime on the characteristics of 850-nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with fully doped distributed Bragg reflectors and an oxide current aperture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of the photon lifetime in an optical microcavity on the characteristics of 850-nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) with fully doped distributed Bragg reflectors (DBRs) and an oxide current aperture is studied. The photon lifetime in the microcavity is controlled by varying the upper DBR reflectance. It is found that the speed of VCSELs with a current-aperture diameter of 10 ?m is mainly limited by the self-heating effect, despite an increase in the relaxation-oscillation damping coefficient with increasing photon lifetime in the microcavity. At the same time, the higher level of internal optical loss in lasers with a current-aperture diameter of 1.5 ?m leads to dominance of the effect of relaxation-oscillation damping independently of the radiation output loss. In the case of devices with a current-aperture diameter of 5.5 ?m, both mechanisms limiting the speed operate, which allow an increase in the VCSEL effective modulation frequency from 21 to 24 GHz as the photon lifetime decreases from 3.7 to 0.8 ps.

Bobrov, M. A.; Blokhin, S. A., E-mail: blokh@mail.ioffe.ru; Kuzmenkov, A. G.; Maleev, N. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation); Blokhin, A. A. [Saint Petersburg State Polytechnical University (Russian Federation); Zadiranov, Yu. M. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation); Nikitina, E. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg Academic University—Nanotechnology Research and Education Center (Russian Federation); Ustinov, V. M. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation)

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

430

Synthetic Biology and the U.S. Biotechnology Regulatory System: Challenges and Options  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synthetic Biology and the U.S. Biotechnology Regulatory System: Challenges and Options Sarah R. Carter, Ph.D., J. Craig Venter Institute; Michael Rodemeyer, J.D., University of Virginia; Michele S. Garfinkel, Ph.D., EMBO; Robert M. Friedman, Ph.D., J. Craig Venter Institute In recent years, a range of genetic engineering techniques referred to as “synthetic biology” has significantly expanded the tool kit available to scientists and engineers, providing them with far greater capabilities to engineer organisms than previous techniques allowed. The field of synthetic biology includes the relatively new ability to synthesize long pieces of DNA from chemicals, as well as improved methods for genetic manipulation and design of genetic pathways to achieve more precise control of biological systems. These advances will help usher in a new generation of genetically engineered microbes, plants, and animals. The JCVI Policy Center team, along with researchers at the University of Virginia and EMBO, examined how well the current U.S. regulatory system for genetically engineered products will handle the near-term introduction of organisms engineered using synthetic biology. In particular, the focus was on those organisms intended to be used or grown directly in the environment, outside of a contained facility. The study concludes that the U.S. regulatory agencies have adequate legal authority to address most, but not all, potential environmental, health and safety concerns posed by these organisms. Such near-term products are likely to represent incremental changes rather than a marked departure from previous genetically engineered organisms. However, the study also identified two key challenges for the regulatory system, which are detailed in the report. First, USDA’s authority over genetically engineered plants depends on the use of an older engineering technique that is no longer necessary for many applications. The shift to synthetic biology and other newer genetic engineering techniques will leave many engineered plants without any pre-market regulatory review. Second, the number and diversity of engineered microbes for commercial use will increase in the near future, challenging EPA’s resources, expertise, and perhaps authority to regulate them. For each of these challenges, the report sets out a series of options, including an analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of each option from a variety of perspectives, for policy makers to consider. Policy responses will depend on the trade-offs chosen among competing considerations. This report, funded by the Department of Energy with additional funds from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, is the result of a two-year process that included interviews, commissioned background papers, discussions, and two workshops that sought input from a wide range of experts, including U.S. federal agency regulators, legal and science policy experts, representatives from the biotechnology indus¬try, and non-governmental organiza¬tions. This cross-section of views informed this report, but the conclusions are solely those of the authors. An Executive Summary, full Report, and background papers are available at: http://www.jcvi.org/cms/research/projects/synthetic-biology-and-the-us-biotechnology-regulatory-system/overview/

Carter, Sarah R. [J. Craig Venter Institute; Rodemeyer, Michael [University of Virginia; Garfinkel, Michele S. [EMBO; Friedman, Robert M [J. Craig Venter Institute

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

A Monte Carlo synthetic-acceleration method for solving the thermal radiation diffusion equation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a novel synthetic-acceleration-based Monte Carlo method for solving the equilibrium thermal radiation diffusion equation in three spatial dimensions. The algorithm performance is compared against traditional solution techniques using a Marshak benchmark problem and a more complex multiple material problem. Our results show that our Monte Carlo method is an effective solver for sparse matrix systems. For solutions converged to the same tolerance, it performs competitively with deterministic methods including preconditioned conjugate gradient and GMRES. We also discuss various aspects of preconditioning the method and its general applicability to broader classes of problems.

Evans, Thomas M., E-mail: evanstm@ornl.gov [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Bethel Valley Rd., Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Mosher, Scott W., E-mail: moshersw@ornl.gov [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Bethel Valley Rd., Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Slattery, Stuart R., E-mail: sslattery@wisc.edu [University of Wisconsin–Madison, 1500 Engineering Dr., Madison, WI 53716 (United States); Hamilton, Steven P., E-mail: hamiltonsp@ornl.gov [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Bethel Valley Rd., Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

A Monte Carlo Synthetic-Acceleration Method for Solving the Thermal Radiation Diffusion Equation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a novel synthetic-acceleration based Monte Carlo method for solving the equilibrium thermal radiation diusion equation in three dimensions. The algorithm performance is compared against traditional solution techniques using a Marshak benchmark problem and a more complex multiple material problem. Our results show that not only can our Monte Carlo method be an eective solver for sparse matrix systems, but also that it performs competitively with deterministic methods including preconditioned Conjugate Gradient while producing numerically identical results. We also discuss various aspects of preconditioning the method and its general applicability to broader classes of problems.

Evans, Thomas M [ORNL] [ORNL; Mosher, Scott W [ORNL] [ORNL; Slattery, Stuart [University of Wisconsin, Madison] [University of Wisconsin, Madison

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Synthetic Entries Into the Bicyclo[2.1.1]Hexane System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rearrangements 1 B. Ramberg-Backlund Reaction # 11 a. Historical 11 b. Mechanism * .. 12 1. Proton Abstraction M 2* Halide Loss and Cyclisatlon . 14 3. Extrusion of Sulfur Dioxide 18 c. Stereochemistry # 19 d. Summary . 20 e. Synthetic Applications 21 C... 87 with Zinc Bromide 59 K. Reaction of Epoxide 87 with Lithium Perchlorate 60 L. Reaction of Epoxide 87 with Lithium Tetrafiuoroborato.. 60 M. Moplnone (108) 61 M. Enol Acetate of Nop!none, 109 61 0. Brominetion of Enol Acetate 103 61 (A...

May, Kenneth Dwight

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Structural algorithm to reservoir reconstruction using passive seismic data (synthetic example)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using of passive seismic observations to detect a reservoir is a new direction of prospecting and exploration of hydrocarbons. In order to identify thin reservoir model we applied the modification of Gaussian elimination method in conditions of incomplete synthetic data. Because of the singularity of a matrix conventional method does not work. Therefore structural algorithm has been developed by analyzing the given model as a complex model. Numerical results demonstrate of its advantage compared with usual way of solution. We conclude that the gas reservoir is reconstructed by retrieving of the image of encasing shale beneath it.

Smaglichenko, Tatyana A.; Volodin, Igor A.; Lukyanitsa, Andrei A.; Smaglichenko, Alexander V.; Sayankina, Maria K. [Oil and Gas Research Institute, Russian Academy of Science, Gubkina str.3, 119333, Moscow (Russian Federation); Faculty of Computational Mathematics and Cybernetics, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie gory, 1, str.52,Second Teaching Building.119991 Moscow (Russian Federation); Shmidt's Institute of Physics of the Earth, Russian Academy of Science, Bolshaya Gruzinskaya str. 10, str.1, 123995 Moscow (Russian Federation); Oil and Gas Research Institute, Russian Academy of Science, Gubkina str.3, 119333, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

435

Further Analysis of Real Beam Line Optics From A Synthetic Beam  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Standard closed-orbit techniques for Twiss parameter measurement are not applicable to the open-ended Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at Jefferson Lab. The evolution of selected sets of real orbits in the accelerator models the behavior of a 'synthetic' beam. This process will be validated against beam profile-based Twiss parameter measurements and should provide the distributed optical information needed to optimize beamline tuning for an open-ended system. This work will discuss the current and future states of this technique, as well as an example of its use in the CEBAF machine.

Ryan Bodenstein, Michael Tiefenback, Yves Roblin

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Synthetic Efforts Toward Palau'amine Doug Behenna, Ryan McFadden  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic Efforts Toward Palau'amine Doug Behenna, Ryan McFadden Eric Ashley, Jenn Stockdill Cl H2N R1 R2 N N H N HN O NH2 H N NH H H OH NH2 Cl H2N R2 R1 R1 = R2 = H Palau'amine R1 = H, R2 = Br 4-Bromo Palau'amine R1 = R2 = Br Dibromo Palau'amine R1 = R2 = H Styloguanidine R1 = H, R2 = Br 3

Stoltz, Brian M.

437

Self-assembly of synthetic and biological components in water using cucurbit[8]uril  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Current technology can successfully build assemblies from the bottom up, assembling complex architectures using such building blocks as DNA,14,24–26 peptides,27,28 saccharides,29,30 lipids,31–33 as well as synthetic polymer com- ponents.34–37 1900 1950... nature of an aqueous envir- onment are still being explored, and some notable examples are provided in Fig. 1.3. 3 Chapter 1 Introduction It is worthy of note that in each case, multiple non-covalent interactions work in concert, as is the case in nature...

Zayed, Jameel Majed

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

438

Calculating the vulnerability of synthetic polymers to autoignition during nuclear flash. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of our investigation was to determine if the rapid progression of fire to flashover conditions in a furnished room, observed in a 1953 nuclear weapons test at the Nevada Test Site (the Encore Event), might be typical behavior rather than an aberration. If flashover under such conditions is indeed likely, this phenomenon is worth pursuing in view of the increased threat to buildings and human life from possible large-scale fires. We placed special emphasis on fires that occurred in modern rooms, i.e., ones furnished with upholstery and drapery materials made from synthetic polymers. Examination of photochemical processes showed them to be an unlikely explanation, either in Encore or in the future. Our calculation of rapid radiant-heating behavior of a few materials demonstrated that fabrics and fabric-covered foams would exceed their autoignition temperature when exposed to a 25-cal/cm/sup 2/ fluence from a 1-Mt air burst weapon. Because synthetic polymers have higher heating values and release heat faster during combustion than do the cellulosics used in the Encore experiment, early flashover should not be unexpected in contemporary households. However, the far-field thermal fluence required would be higher because of the absorption of thermal energy by windows and window coverings. Because of the complexity of the problem, carefully planned, full-scale experiments will be needed to finally answer the question. 39 refs., 9 figs., 8 tabs.

Hickman, R.; Reitter, T.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

A model for improving microbial biofuel production using a synthetic feedback loop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cells use feedback to implement a diverse range of regulatory functions. Building synthetic feedback control systems may yield insight into the roles that feedback can play in regulation since it can be introduced independently of native regulation, and alternative control architectures can be compared. We propose a model for microbial biofuel production where a synthetic control system is used to increase cell viability and biofuel yields. Although microbes can be engineered to produce biofuels, the fuels are often toxic to cell growth, creating a negative feedback loop that limits biofuel production. These toxic effects may be mitigated by expressing efflux pumps that export biofuel from the cell. We developed a model for cell growth and biofuel production and used it to compare several genetic control strategies for their ability to improve biofuel yields. We show that controlling efflux pump expression directly with a biofuel-responsive promoter is a straight forward way of improving biofuel production. In addition, a feed forward loop controller is shown to be versatile at dealing with uncertainty in biofuel production rates.

Dunlop, Mary; Keasling, Jay; Mukhopadhyay, Aindrila

2011-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

440

Cytotoxicity of synthetic cannabinoids on primary neuronal cells of the forebrain: the involvement of cannabinoid CB{sub 1} receptors and apoptotic cell death  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The abuse of herbal products containing synthetic cannabinoids has become an issue of public concern. The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the acute cytotoxicity of synthetic cannabinoids on mouse brain neuronal cells. Cytotoxicity induced by synthetic cannabinoid (CP-55,940, CP-47,497, CP-47,497-C8, HU-210, JWH-018, JWH-210, AM-2201, and MAM-2201) was examined using forebrain neuronal cultures. These synthetic cannabinoids induced cytotoxicity in the forebrain cultures in a concentration-dependent manner. The cytotoxicity was suppressed by preincubation with the selective CB{sub 1} receptor antagonist AM251, but not with the selective CB{sub 2} receptor antagonist AM630. Furthermore, annexin-V-positive cells were found among the treated forebrain cells. Synthetic cannabinoid treatment induced the activation of caspase-3, and preincubation with a caspase-3 inhibitor significantly suppressed the cytotoxicity. These synthetic cannabinoids induced apoptosis through a caspase-3-dependent mechanism in the forebrain cultures. Our results indicate that the cytotoxicity of synthetic cannabinoids towards primary neuronal cells is mediated by the CB{sub 1} receptor, but not by the CB{sub 2} receptor, and further suggest that caspase cascades may play an important role in the apoptosis induced by these synthetic cannabinoids. In conclusion, excessive synthetic cannabinoid abuse may present a serious acute health concern due to neuronal damage or deficits in the brain. - Highlights: • Synthetic cannabinoids (classical cannabinoids, non-classical cannabinoids, and aminoalkylindole derivatives) induce cytotoxicity in mouse forebrain cultures. • Synthetic cannabinoid-induced cytotoxicity towards forebrain cultures is mediated by the CB{sub 1} receptor, but not by the CB{sub 2} receptor, and involves caspase-dependent apoptosis. • A high concentration of synthetic cannabinoids may be toxic to neuronal cells that express CB{sub 1} receptors.

Tomiyama, Ken-ichi; Funada, Masahiko, E-mail: mfunada@ncnp.go.jp

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

US Synthetic Corp (TRL 4 Component)- The Development of Open, Water Lubricated Polycrystalline Diamond Thrust Bearings for use in Marine Hydrokinetic (MHK) Energy Machines  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

US Synthetic Corp (TRL 4 Component) - The Development of Open, Water Lubricated Polycrystalline Diamond Thrust Bearings for use in Marine Hydrokinetic (MHK) Energy Machines

442

Gas-to-liquids synthetic fuels for use in fuel cells : reformability, energy density, and infrastructure compatibility.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The fuel cell has many potential applications, from power sources for electric hybrid vehicles to small power plants for commercial buildings. The choice of fuel will be critical to the pace of its commercialization. This paper reviews the various liquid fuels being considered as an alternative to direct hydrogen gas for the fuel cell application, presents calculations of the hydrogen and carbon dioxide yields from autothermal reforming of candidate liquid fuels, and reports the product gas composition measured from the autothermal reforming of a synthetic fuel in a micro-reactor. The hydrogen yield for a synthetic paraffin fuel produced by a cobalt-based Fischer-Tropsch process was found to be similar to that of retail gasoline. The advantages of the synthetic fuel are that it contains no contaminants that would poison the fuel cell catalyst, is relatively benign to the environment, and could be transported in the existing fuel distribution system.

Ahmed, S.; Kopasz, J. P.; Russell, B. J.; Tomlinson, H. L.

1999-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

443

Testing Results for Nb-Ti, 120-mm-Aperture, Low-B Quadrupole Models for the LHC High-Luminosity Insertion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The design and construction of a 120 mm wide-aperture, Nb-Ti superconducting quadrupole magnet for the LHC insertion region is part of a study towards a luminosity upgrade of the LHC at CERN, envisaged for 2020-22. The main challenges for this accelerator quality magnet are to operate reliably with the high heat and radiation loads that are predicted in the insertion magnet regions. Calculations give approximately 500 Watts over the 30-m-long string of insertion magnets, while today LHC is operating for a nominal heat load of 12 Watts. To extract this heat, the model magnets incorporate new features: Open cable insulation, open ground insulation, open magnet structure, and a quench heater that has open channels to help extract the steady state heat load. This paper presents results from tests at room temperature and 1.8 K for the initial model magnet. We report magnet training, transfer function and field quality measurements, quench heater performance, and heat extraction studies using imbedded heaters to si...

Kirby, G A; Bajko, M; Charrondiere, M; Bourcey, N; Datskov, V I; Fessia, P; Feuvrier, J; Galbraith, P; Garcia Tabares, A; Garcia-Perez, J; Granieri, P; Hagen, P; Lorin, C; Perez, J C; Russenschuck, S; Sahner, T; Segreti, M; Todesco, E; Willering, G

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Metabolic engineering of microorganisms for biofuels production: from bugs to synthetic biology to fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ability to generate microorganisms that can produce biofuels similar to petroleum-based transportation fuels would allow the use of existing engines and infrastructure and would save an enormous amount of capital required for replacing the current infrastructure to accommodate biofuels that have properties significantly different from petroleum-based fuels. Several groups have demonstrated the feasibility of manipulating microbes to produce molecules similar to petroleum-derived products, albeit at relatively low productivity (e.g. maximum butanol production is around 20 g/L). For cost-effective production of biofuels, the fuel-producing hosts and pathways must be engineered and optimized. Advances in metabolic engineering and synthetic biology will provide new tools for metabolic engineers to better understand how to rewire the cell in order to create the desired phenotypes for the production of economically viable biofuels.

Kuk Lee, Sung; Chou, Howard; Ham, Timothy S.; Soon Lee, Taek; Keasling, Jay D.

2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

445

Environmentally based siting assessment for synthetic-liquid-fuels facilities. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A detailed assessment of the major environmental constraints to siting a synthetic fuels industry and the results of that assessment are used to determine on a regional basis the potential for development of such an industry with minimal environmental conflicts. Secondly, the ability to mitigate some of the constraining impacts through alternative institutional arrangements, especially in areas that are judged to have a low development potential is also assessed. Limitations of the study are delineated, but specifically, the study is limited geographically to well-defined boundaries that include the prime coal and oil shale resource areas. The critical factors used in developing the framework are air quality, water availability, socioeconomic capacity, ecological sensitivity, environmental health, and the management of Federally owned lands. (MCW)

None

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

ERCB updates estimated reserves of crude bitumen and synthetic crude oil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Alberta Energy Resources Conservation Board prepares yearly updates of Alberta reserves of crude bitumen and synthetic crude oil. The latest figures are as of the end of 1985. Alberta's crude bitumen reserves are contained in designated deposits with the oil sand areas of Athabasca, Cold Lake, and Peace River. The total initial volume of crude bitumen in-place for the designated deposits at December 31, 1985 was estimated as 266.4 billion cubic meters. Within the potentially mineable areas, the initial mineable volume in-place of crude bitumen was established to be 11.9 billion cubic meters. After allowing for surface facilities (plant sites, tailings ponds, discard dumps), environmental protection corridors along major rivers, isolated mineable areas, and assuming a combined mining/extraction recovery factor of 0.78, the resulting initial established mineable reserve of crude bitumen is estimated to be 5.2 billion cubic meters. Data are presented in three tables.

Not Available

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Low-Temperature Heat Capacity and Localized Vibrational Modes in Natural and Synthetic Tetrahedrites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The heat capacity of natural (Cu12-x (Fe, Zn, Ag)x(Sb, As)4S13) and synthetic (Cu12-xZnxSb4S13 with x=0, 1, 2) tetrahedrite compounds was measured between 2K and 380K. It was found that the temperature dependence of the heat capacity can be described using a Debye term and three Einstein oscillators with characteristic temperatures that correspond to energies of ~1.0 meV, ~2.8 meV and ~8.4 meV. The existence of localized vibration modes, which are assigned to the displacements of the trigonally coordinated Cu atoms in the structure, is discussed in the context of anharmonicity and its effect on the low lattice thermal conductivity exhibited by these compounds.

Lara-Curzio, Edgar [ORNL] [ORNL; May, Andrew F [ORNL] [ORNL; Delaire, Olivier A [ORNL] [ORNL; McGuire, Michael A [ORNL] [ORNL; Lu, Xu [Michigan State University] [Michigan State University; Li, Cheng-Yun [Michigan State University] [Michigan State University; Case, Eldon D [Michigan State University, East Lansing] [Michigan State University, East Lansing; Morelli, Donold [Michigan State University, East Lansing] [Michigan State University, East Lansing

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Augmenting real data with synthetic data: an application in assessing radio-isotope identification algorithms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The performance of Radio-Isotope Identification (RIID) algorithms using gamma spectroscopy is increasingly important. For example, sensors at locations that screen for illicit nuclear material rely on isotope identification to resolve innocent nuisance alarms arising from naturally occurring radioactive material. Recent data collections for RIID testing consist of repeat measurements for each of several scenarios to test RIID algorithms. Efficient allocation of measurement resources requires an appropriate number of repeats for each scenario. To help allocate measurement resources in such data collections for RIID algorithm testing, we consider using only a few real repeats per scenario. In order to reduce uncertainty in the estimated RIID algorithm performance for each scenario, the potential merit of augmenting these real repeats with realistic synthetic repeats is also considered. Our results suggest that for the scenarios and algorithms considered, approximately 10 real repeats augmented with simulated repeats will result in an estimate having comparable uncertainty to the estimate based on using 60 real repeats.

Burr, Tom L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hamada, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Graves, Todd [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Myers, Steve [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Synthetic gauge fields and Weyl point in Time-Reversal Invariant Acoustic Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inspired by the discovery of quantum hall effect and topological insulator, topological properties of classical waves start to draw worldwide attention. Topological non-trivial bands characterized by non-zero Chern numbers are realized with external magnetic field induced time reversal symmetry breaking or dynamic modulation. Due to the absence of Faraday-like effect, the breaking of time reversal symmetry in an acoustic system is commonly realized with moving background fluids, and hence drastically increases the engineering complexity. Here we show that we can realize effective inversion symmetry breaking and effective gauge field in a reduced two-dimensional system by structurally engineering interlayer couplings, achieving an acoustic analog of the topological Haldane model. We then find and demonstrate unidirectional backscattering immune edge states. We show that the synthetic gauge field is closely related to the Weyl points in the three-dimensional band structure.

Xiao, Meng; He, Wen-Yu; Zhang, Z Q; Chan, C T

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Improved realization of canonical Chua's circuit with synthetic inductor using current feedback operational amplifiers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we report an improved implementation of an inductorless third order autonomous canonical Chua's circuit. The active elements as well as the synthetic inductor employed in this circuit are designed using current feedback operational amplifiers (CFOAs). The reason for employing CFOAs is that they have better features such as high slew rate, high speed of operation, etc., which enable the circuit to operate at higher frequency ranges, when compared to the circuits designed using voltage operational amplifiers. In addition to this, the inclusion of CFOAs provide a buffered output which directly represent a state variable of the system. The Multisim simulations in the time and frequency domains confirm the theoretical estimates of the performance of the proposed circuit at high frequencies. It is also confirmed through hardware experiments.

R. Jothimurugan; K. Suresh; P. Megavarna Ezhilarasu; K. Thamilmaran

2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

451

Zeeman tomography of magnetic white dwarfs, I. Reconstruction of the field geometry from synthetic spectra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have computed optical Zeeman spectra of magnetic white dwarfs for field strengths between 10 and 200MG and effective temperatures between 8000 and 40000K. They form a database containing 20628 sets of flux and circular polarization spectra. A least-squares optimization code based on an evolutionary strategy can recover relatively complex magnetic field topologies from phase-resolved synthetic Zeeman spectra of rotating magnetic white dwarfs. We consider dipole and quadrupole components which are non-aligned and shifted off-centre. The model geometries include stars with a single high-field spot and with two spots separated by approx. 90 degrees. The accuracy of the recovered field structure increases with the signal-to-noise ratio of the input spectra and is significantly improved if circular polarization spectra are included in addition to flux spectra. We discuss the strategies proposed so far to unravel the field geometries of magnetic white dwarfs.

F. Euchner; S. Jordan; K. Beuermann; B. T. Gaensicke; F. V. Hessmann

2002-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

452

Corrosion resistance of alloy steels in media encountered in manufacture of synthetic naphthenic acids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The behavior of alloy steels in product streams in the hydrogenation of C/sub 9/ alkylbenzoic acids (ABA) to synthetic naphthenic acids in a continuous-flow pilot unit was investigated in static corrosion test apparatus, in dynamic corrosion test apparatus, and in a glass flask with a reflux condenser. Test conditions and results are presented. 12Kh18N10T and 10Kh17N13M2T steels were corrosion-resistant and 08Kh21N5T and 07Kh16N6 steels were subject to nonuniform general corrosion in the stage of ABA hydrogenation at temperatures up to 200 C and pressures up to 10MPa.

Kuznetsov, V.A.; Kartashevskii, A.I.; Solov'ev, A.M.; Khanbikova, N.A.

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Crustal deformation and source models of the Yellowstone volcanicfield from geodetic data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geodetic observations, comprised of InterferometricSynthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR), Global Positioning System (GPS). andleveling measurements, are used to infer volume change in the subsurfaceassociated with the Yellowstone volcanic system. We find that existingfaults play a significant role in controlling subsurface volume increasesand decreases due to fluid migration within the volcanic system. Forexample, subsidence from 1992 to 1995 appears to be associated withvolume changes below the Elephant Back fault zone and a north-southtrending fault which cuts across the caldera. Furthermore, we are able toimage an episode of magma intrusion near the northern edge of the calderawhich parallels and is adjacent to the north trending volume decrease.The primary intrusion occurred between 1996 and 2000, though theintrusion appears to have continnued, shallowed, and changed shapebetween 2000 and 2001. There is evidence that the intrusive activityaffected extensional fauts to the north of the caldera.

Vasco, D.W.; Puskas, C.M.; Smith, R.B.; Meertens, C.M.

2006-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

454

Fast Synthetic Vision, Memory, and Learning Models for Virtual Humans James J. Kuffner, Jr JeanClaude Latombe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fast Synthetic Vision, Memory, and Learning Models for Virtual Humans James J. Kuffner, Jr Jean, and learning for au­ tonomous animated characters in real­time virtual environ­ ments. The model is efficient of quickly synthesizing from navigation goals the collision­free mo­ tions for animated human figures

Pratt, Vaughan

455

An increasing number of synthetic compounds have been shown to facilitate ion and polar molecule transport across  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transport of ions and polar molecules across biological membranes is essential for normal cell function synthetic transporters shown to be active in both model bilayers and cellular membranes. Mechanism of ion simulations of unassisted Na+ and Cl­ ion transport across a bilayer membrane. As the ion enters the outer

Smith, Bradley D.

456

Sustainability of Forage-based Livestock Production Systems in South Texas in an Era of High Synthetic Nitrogen Fertilizer Prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainability of Forage-based Livestock Production Systems in South Texas in an Era of High of soil tests and alternative application methods. The second alternative is to reintroduce into their management practices that were the norm until the advent of cheap synthetic fertilizers after 1945

457

Biological Hydrogen Production Using Synthetic Wastewater Biotin and glutamic acid are not required for biological hydrogen production.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biological Hydrogen Production Using Synthetic Wastewater Conclusion ·Biotin and glutamic acid are not required for biological hydrogen production. ·MgSO4 .7H2O is a required nutrient, but hydrogen production work should focus on minimizing the lag time in biological hydrogen production, by varying nutrient

Barthelat, Francois

458

Evaluation of and Suggested Improvements to the WSM6 Microphysics in WRF- ARW Using Synthetic and Observed GOES-13 Imagery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synthetic satellite imagery can be employed to evaluate simulated cloud fields. Past studies have revealed that the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) WRF Single-Moment 6-class (WSM6) microphysics in WRF-ARW produces less upper level ice clouds within synthetic images compared to observations. Synthetic Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES)-13 imagery at 10.7 ?m of simulated cloud fields from the 4 km National Severe Storms Laboratory (NSSL) WRF-ARW is compared to observed GOES-13 imagery. Histograms suggest that too few points contain upper level simulated ice clouds. In particular, side-by-side examples are shown of synthetic and observed convective anvils. Such images illustrate the lack of anvil cloud associated with convection produced by the NSSL WRF-ARW. A vertical profile of simulated hydrometeors suggests that too much cloud water mass may be converted into graupel mass, effectively reducing the main source of ice mass in a simulated anvil. Further, excessive accretion of ice by snow removes ice from an anvil by precipitation settling. Idealized sensitivity tests reveal that a 50% reduction of the conversion of cloud water mass to graupel and a 50% reduction of the accretion rate of ice by snow results in a significant increase in anvil ice of a simulated storm. Such results provide guidance as to which conversions could be reformulated, in a more physical manner, to increase simulated ice mass in the upper troposphere.

Grasso, Lewis; Lindsey, Daniel T.; Lim, Kyo-Sun; Clark, Adam; Bikos, Dan; Dembek, Scott R.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Chemistry of natural fuel: Use of wastes of synthetic fatty acid production for obtaining water-bitumen emulsions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The possibility of producing water-emulsion waterproofing mastic and waterproofing coating based on bitumen, rubber crumb, and bottoms from production of synthetic fatty acids was studied. The physicochemical properties (softening point, ductility, sorptive properties, and friability) of the waterproofing coating based on a water-emulsion mastic were measured.

Syroezhko, A.M.; Antipova, E.I.; Paukku, A.N. [St. Petersburg Technological Inst. (Russian Federation)

1995-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

460

3'-OH LABELLING OF SYNTHETIC OLIGONUCLEOTIDES WITH NUCLEOTIDE ANALOGS TO USE THEM AS NON-RADIOACTIVE PROBES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3'-OH LABELLING OF SYNTHETIC OLIGONUCLEOTIDES WITH NUCLEOTIDE ANALOGS TO USE THEM AS NON. Cloning of bovine rotavirus (RF strain) : Nucleotide sequence of the gene coding for the major capsid oligonucleotides. Annu Rev Biochem 53:323-356 So M, Mc Carthy BJ, 1980. Nucleotide sequence of bacterial transposon

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Evolution of the Macondo Well Blowout: Simulating the Effects of the Circulation and Synthetic Dispersants on the Subsea Oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dispersants on the Subsea Oil Transport Claire B. Paris,*, Matthieu Le Henaff,, Zachary M. Aman,§ Ajit assessment of the potential effect of the dispersant on the subsea-to-surface oil partition. We adapted blowouts and on gauging the subsea use of synthetic dispersant in mitigating coastal damage. INTRODUCTION

Paris-Limouzy, Claire B.

462

Design of insulating devices for in vitro synthetic circuits Elisa Franco, Domitilla Del Vecchio and Richard M. Murray  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design of insulating devices for in vitro synthetic circuits Elisa Franco, Domitilla Del Vecchio as an insulating device. This circuit is composed of nucleic acids, which can be designed to interact according to interconnect different transcriptional modules in a large network, preserving their functionality. Insulation

Murray, Richard M.

463

Response to Comment on "Evolution of the Macondo Well Blowout: Simulating the Effects of the Circulation and Synthetic Dispersants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

al.6 studied oil droplet diameters in a wave tank and measured mean oil droplet diameters (by mass al.1 to suggest the presence of gas bubbles can explain this purported increase the oil droplet size of the Circulation and Synthetic Dispersants on the Subsea Oil Transport" The comments by Adams et al.1 question

Paris-Limouzy, Claire B.

464

Application of LSQR to Calibration of a MODFLOW Model: A Synthetic Study Chris Muffels1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tonkin2,3 , Haijiang Zhang1 , Mary Anderson1 , Tom Clemo4 1 University of Wisconsin-Madison, muffels, tomc@cgiss.boisestate.edu, Boise, ID, USA ABSTRACT The inverse problem in groundwater modeling is often of the LSQR method for solving the inverse problem for groundwater flow using a synthetic model and compare

Barrash, Warren

465

Multivariate synthetic streamflow generation using a hybrid model based on artificial neural networks Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 6(4), 641654 (2002) EGS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

networks 641 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 6(4), 641­654 (2002) © EGS Multivariate synthetic associated with hydrological processes, making it valuable as a practical tool for synthetic generation backpropagation, hydrological scenario generation, multivariate time-series. Introduction It has been almost four

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

466

Detecting and monitoring UCG subsidence with InSAR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) to measure surface subsidence caused by Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) is tested. InSAR is a remote sensing technique that uses Synthetic Aperture Radar images to make spatial images of surface deformation and may be deployed from satellite or an airplane. With current commercial satellite data, the technique works best in areas with little vegetation or farming activity. UCG subsidence is generally caused by roof collapse, which adversely affects UCG operations due to gas loss and is therefore important to monitor. Previous studies have demonstrated the usefulness of InSAR in measuring surface subsidence related to coal mining and surface deformation caused by a coal mining roof collapse in Crandall Canyon, Utah is imaged as a proof-of-concept. InSAR data is collected and processed over three known UCG operations including two pilot plants (Majuba, South Africa and Wulanchabu, China) and an operational plant (Angren, Uzbekistan). A clear f eature showing approximately 7 cm of subsidence is observed in the UCG field in Angren. Subsidence is not observed in the other two areas, which produce from deeper coal seams and processed a smaller volume. The results show that in some cases, InSAR is a useful tool to image UCG related subsidence. Data from newer satellites and improved algorithms will improve effectiveness.

Mellors, R J; Foxall, W; Yang, X

2012-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

467

Analysis of the interaction of phytoestrogens and synthetic chemicals: An in vitro/in vivo comparison  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the evaluation of chemical mixture toxicity, it is desirable to develop an evaluation paradigm which incorporates some critical attributes of real world exposures, particularly low dose levels, larger numbers of chemicals, and chemicals from synthetic and natural sources. This study evaluated the impact of low level exposure to a mixture of six synthetic chemicals (SC) under conditions of co-exposure to various levels of plant-derived phytoestrogen (PE) compounds. Estrogenic activity was evaluated using an in vitro human estrogen receptor (ER) transcriptional activation assay and an in vivo immature rat uterotrophic assay. Initially, dose-response curves were characterized for each of the six SCs (methoxyclor, o,p-DDT, octylphenol, bisphenol A, {beta}-hexachlorocyclohexane, 2,3-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-propionitrile) in each of the assays. The six SCs were then combined at equipotent ratios and tested at 5-6 dose levels spanning from very low, sub-threshold levels, to a dose in which every chemical in the mixture was at its individual estrogenic response threshold. The SC mixtures also were tested in the absence or presence of 5-6 different levels of PEs, for a total of 36 (in vitro) or 25 (in vivo) treatment groups. Both in vitro and in vivo, low concentrations of the SC mixture failed to increase estrogenic responses relative to those induced by PEs alone. However, significant increases in response occurred when each chemical in the SC mixture was near or above its individual response threshold. In vitro, interactions between high-doses of SCs and PEs were greater than additive, whereas mixtures of SCs in the absence of PEs interacted in a less than additive fashion. In vivo, the SC and PE mixture responses were consistent with additivity. These data illustrate a novel approach for incorporating key attributes of real world exposures in chemical mixture toxicity assessments, and suggest that chemical mixture toxicity is likely to be of concern only when the mixture components are near or above their individual response thresholds. However, these data suggest that extrapolation from in vitro assays to in vivo mixture effects should be approached with caution.

Charles, Grantley D. [Toxicology and Environmental Research and Consulting, Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI 48674 (United States)]. E-mail: charles_grantley@allergan.com; Gennings, Chris [Department of Biostatistics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298 (United States); Tornesi, Belen [Toxicology and Environmental Research and Consulting, Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI 48674 (United States); Kan, H. Lynn [Toxicology and Environmental Research and Consulting, Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI 48674 (United States); Zacharewski, Timothy R. [Department of Biochemistry and National Food Safety and Toxicology Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Bhaskar Gollapudi, B. [Toxicology and Environmental Research and Consulting, Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI 48674 (United States); Carney, Edward W. [Toxicology and Environmental Research and Consulting, Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI 48674 (United States)

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Crystallization, crystal-structure refinement, and IR spectroscopy of a synthetic hexahydroborite analog  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The crystal structure of the hexahydroborite analog Ca[B(OH){sub 4}]{sub 2} {center_dot} 2H{sub 2}O (a = 7.9941(3) Angstrom-Sign , b = 6.6321(2) Angstrom-Sign , c = 7.9871(3) Angstrom-Sign , {beta} = 104.166(4) Degree-Sign , V = 410.58(3) Angstrom-Sign {sup 3}, sp. gr. P2/c, Z = 2, {rho}{sub calc} = 1.891 g/cm{sup 3}; Xcalibur S CCD automated diffractometer, 1196 reflections with I > 2{sigma}(I), {lambda}MoK{sub {alpha}}), which was synthesized by the hydrothermal method via the recrystallization of calciborite CaB{sub 2}O{sub 4} (M) in the M - B{sub 2}O{sub 3} - H{sub 2}O system (t = 250 Degree-Sign C and P = 70-80 atm), was refined by the least-squares method with anisotropic displacement parameters (H atoms were located; R{sub 1} = 0.0260). The structure of synthetic hexahydroborite consists of infinite columns running along the c axis. The columns are formed by Ca polyhedra linked together and to [B(OH){sub 4}] orthotetrahedra by sharing edges. Along the two other axes, the translationally equivalent columns are linked only by hydrogen bonds. The presence of a stronger bond between the discrete (Ca-B-O) columns along the shortest (b = 6.6 Angstrom-Sign ) axis accounts for the possibility of the shift of the columns by 1/2T{sub b} and the formation of the second modification of Ca[B(OH){sub 4}]{sub 2} {center_dot} 2H{sub 2}O. The crystals of synthetic hexahydroborite were studied by IR spectroscopy. A crystal-chemical analysis was performed for a series of natural metaborates with the general formula CaB{sub 2}O{sub 4} {center_dot} nH{sub 2}O (CaO: B{sub 2}O{sub 3} = 1: 1, n = 0-6), including calciborite CaB{sub 2}O{sub 4} and hexahydroborite CaB{sub 2}O{sub 4} {center_dot} 6H{sub 2}O as the end members.

Yamnova, N. A., E-mail: natalia-yamnova@yandex.ru; Borovikova, E. Yu.; Dimitrova, O. V. [Moscow State University, Faculty of Geology (Russian Federation)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

469

Oxidative Dissolution of UO2 in a Simulated Groundwater Containing Synthetic Nanocrystalline Mackinawite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The long-term success of in situ reductive immobilization of uranium (U) depends on the stability of U(IV) precipitates (e.g., uraninite) under oxic conditions. Field and laboratory studies have implicated iron sulfide minerals as redox buffers or oxidant scavengers that may slow oxidation of reduced U(VI) solid phases by oxygen and Fe(III). Yet, the inhibition mechanism(s) and reaction rates of uraninite (UO2) oxidative dissolution by oxic species such as oxygen in FeS-bearing systems remain largely unresolved. To address this knowledge gap, abiotic batch experiments were conducted with synthetic UO2 in the presence and absence of synthetic mackinawite (FeS) under simulated groundwater conditions of pH = 7, PO2 = 0.02 atm, and PCO2 = 0.05 atm (equivalent to total dissolved carbonate of 0.01 M). The kinetic profiles of dissolved uranium indicate that FeS inhibited UO2 dissolution for 51 hr by effectively scavenging oxygen and keeping dissolved oxygen (DO) low. During this time period, oxidation of structural Fe(II) and S(-II) of FeS were found to control the DO levels, leading to the formation of iron oxyhydroxides and elemental sulfur, respectively, as verified by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Mössbauer and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). After FeS was depleted due to oxidation, DO levels increased and UO2 oxidative dissolution occurred at an initial rate of rm = 1.2 ± 0.4 ×10-8 mol•g-1•s-1, higher than rm = 5.4 ± 0.3 ×10-9 mol•g-1•s-1 in the control experiment where FeS was absent. Soluble U(VI) products were adsorbed by iron oxyhydroxides (i.e. nanogoethite and ferrihydrite) formed from FeS oxidation, which facilitated the detachment of U(VI) surface complexes and more rapid dissolution of UO2. XAS analysis confirmed the adsorption of U(VI) species, and also showed that U(VI) was not significantly incorporated into iron oxyhydroxide structure. This work reveals that both the oxygen scavenging by FeS and the adsorption of U(VI) to FeS oxidation products may be important in U reductive immobilization systems subject to redox cycling events.

Bi, Yuqiang; Hyun, Sung Pil; Kukkadapu, Ravi K.; Hayes, Kim F.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Digitoxin and a synthetic monosaccharide analog inhibit cell viability in lung cancer cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mechanisms of digitoxin-inhibited cell growth and induced apoptosis in human non-small cell lung cancer (NCI-H460) cells remain unclear. Understanding how digitoxin or derivate analogs induce their cytotoxic effect below therapeutically relevant concentrations will help in designing and developing novel, safer and more effective anti-cancer drugs. In this study, NCI-H460 cells were treated with digitoxin and a synthetic analog D6-MA to determine their anti-cancer activity. Different concentrations of digitoxin and D6-MA were used and the subsequent changes in cell morphology, viability, cell cycle, and protein expressions were determined. Digitoxin and D6-MA induced dose-dependent apoptotic morphologic changes in NCI-H460 cells via caspase-9 cleavage, with D6-MA possessing 5-fold greater potency than digitoxin. In comparison, non-tumorigenic immortalized bronchial and small airway epithelial cells displayed significantly less apoptotic sensitivity compared to NCI-H460 cells suggesting that both digitoxin and D6-MA were selective for NSCLC. Furthermore, NCI-H460 cells arrested in G(2)/M phase following digitoxin and D6-MA treatment. Post-treatment evaluation of key G2/M checkpoint regulatory proteins identified down-regulation of cyclin B1/cdc2 complex and survivin. Additionally, Chk1/2 and p53 related proteins experienced down-regulation suggesting a p53-independent cell cycle arrest mechanism. In summary, digitoxin and D6-MA exert anti-cancer effects on NCI-H460 cells through apoptosis or cell cycle arrest, with D6-MA showing at least 5-fold greater potency relative to digitoxin. -- Highlights: ? Digitoxin and synthetic analog D6-MA induced apoptotic morphologic changes in NCI-H460 cells in a dose-dependent manner. ? Apoptotic cell death induced by analog was 5-fold more potent when compared to digitoxin. ? NCI-H460 cells arrested in G(2)/M phase following digitoxin (? 5 nM) and analog (? 1 nM) treatment. ? Digitoxin inhibited the expression of cyclin B1/cdc2 complex and survivin at sub-therapeutic concentrations. ? D6-MA was 4-fold more potent than digitoxin.

Elbaz, Hosam A. [Department of Basic Pharmaceutical Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States)] [Department of Basic Pharmaceutical Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States); Stueckle, Todd A. [Department of Basic Pharmaceutical Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States) [Department of Basic Pharmaceutical Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States); National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV26506 (United States); Wang, Hua-Yu Leo; O'Doherty, George A. [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115 (United States); Lowry, David T.; Sargent, Linda M.; Wang, Liying [National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV26506 (United States)] [National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV26506 (United States); Dinu, Cerasela Zoica, E-mail: cerasela-zoica.dinu@mail.wvu.edu [Department of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States); Rojanasakul, Yon, E-mail: yrojan@hsc.wvu.edu [Department of Basic Pharmaceutical Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States)] [Department of Basic Pharmaceutical Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

OVERBURDEN PRESSURE AFFECTS FRACTURE APERTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Petroleum Recovery Research Center at the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (NMIMT). He holds MS and PhD degrees in petroleum engineering from New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology. He serves.S. Department of Energy-sponsored pilot project "Investigation of Efficiency Improvements During CO2 Injection

Schechter, David S.

472

Hydrogenation of aromatics in synthetic crude distillates catalyzed by platinum supported in molecular sieves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Catalytic hydrogenation of synthetic crude distillates from Canadian oil sands was carried out over platinum metal supported in pillared interlayered clay (PILC) and Y-zeolite. The molecular sieve supports were employed to modify the properties of dispersed platinum particles and improve their resistance to poisoning by sulfur. The objective was to reduce the distillate aromatic content to meet diesel emission control standards and cetane number requirements. Catalysts were prepared in a series of steps, and metal precursor was loaded using ion-exchange procedures. Characterization was done using X-ray diffraction, hydrogen chemisorption, and proton-induced X-ray emission elemental analysis. Catalytic hydrogenation reactions were carried out by processing distillate feedstocks both high (>100 ppm) and low (<10 ppm) in sulfur using a continuous-flow automated microreactor system. Experimental runs were performed to determine the reaction kinetics and Arrhenius parameters as a means of evaluating and comparing catalyst performance. Significant differences in catalyst activity were found. The Pt/Y-zeolite-alumina catalyst showed a much superior hydrogenation performance under conditions of high sulfur content. The extent of cracking and ring opening was also evaluated and was shown to be minimal under the operating conditions employed.

Kimbara, N.; Charland, J.P. [CANMET, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada)] [CANMET, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada); Wilson, M.F. [CANMET, Devon, Alberta (Canada)] [CANMET, Devon, Alberta (Canada)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

The Elephant in the Room: Dealing with Carbon Emissions from Synthetic Transportation Fuels Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carbon dioxide (CO2), produced by conversion of hydrocarbons to energy, primarily via fossil fuel combustion, is one of the most ubiquitous and significant greenhouse gases (GHGs). Concerns over climate change precipitated by rising atmospheric GHG concentrations have prompted many industrialized nations to begin adopting limits on emissions to inhibit increases in atmospheric CO2 levels. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change states as a key goal the stabilization of atmospheric CO2 at a level that prevents “dangerous anthropogenic interference” with the planet’s climate systems. This will require sharply reducing emissions growth rates in developing nations, and reducing CO2 emissions in the industrialized world to half current rates in the next 50 years. And ultimately, stabilization will require that annual emissions drop to almost zero.Recently, there has been interest in producing synthetic transportation fuels via coal-to-liquids (CTL) production, particularly in countries where there is an abundant supply of domestic coal, including the United States. This paper provides an overview of the current state of CTL technologies and deployment, a discussion of costs and technical requirements for mitigating the CO2 impacts associated with a CTL facility, and the challenges facing the CTL industry as it moves toward maturity.

Parker, Graham B.; Dahowski, Robert T.

2007-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

474

Improved HCN/HNC linelist, model atmospheres and synthetic spectra for WZ Cas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We build an accurate database of 5200 HCN and HNC rotation-vibration energy levels, determined from existing laboratory data. 20~000 energy levels in the Harris et al. (2002) linelist are assigned approximate quantum numbers. These assignments, lab determined energy levels and Harris et al (2002) energy levels are incorporated in to a new energy level list. A new linelist is presented, in which frequencies are computed using the lab determined energy levels where available, and the ab initio energy levels otherwise. The new linelist is then used to compute new model atmospheres and synthetic spectra for the carbon star WZ Cas. This results in better fit to the spectrum of WZ Cas in which the absorption feature at 3.56 micron is reproduced to a higher degree of accuracy than has previously been possible. We improve the reproduction of HCN absorption features by reducing the abundance of Si to [Si/H] = --0.5 dex, however, the strengths of the $\\Delta v=2$ CS band heads are over-predicted.

G. J. Harris; J. Tennyson; B. M. Kaminsky; Ya. V. Pavlenko; H. R. A. Jones

2005-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

475

Behavior of Concrete Panels Reinforced with Synthetic Fibers, Mild Steel, and GFRP Composites Subjected to Blasts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper presents experimental data generated for calibrating finite element models to predict the performance of reinforced concrete panels with a wide range of construction details under blast loading. The specimens were 1.2 m square panels constructed using Normal Weight Concrete (NWC) or Fiber Reinforced Concrete (FRC). FRC consisted of macro-synthetic fibers dispersed in NWC. Five types of panels were tested: NWC panels with steel bars; FRC panels without additional reinforcement; FRC panels with steel bars; NWC panels with glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars; and NWC panels reinforced with steel bars and external GFRP laminates on both faces. Each panel type was constructed with three thicknesses: 152 mm, 254 mm, and 356 mm. FRC panels with steel bars had the best performance for new construction. NWC panels reinforced with steel bars and external GFRP laminates on both faces had the best performance for strengthening or rehabilitation of existing structures. The performance of NWC panels with GFRP bars was strongly influenced by the bar spacing. The behavior of the panels is classified in terms of damage using immediate occupancy, life safety, and near collapse performance levels. Preliminary dynamic simulations are compared to the experimental results.

C. P. Pantelides; T. T. Garfield; W. D. Richins; T. K. Larson; J. E. Blakeley

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

A grid of synthetic ionizing spectra for very hot compact stars from NLTE model atmospheres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The precise analysis of properties of planetary nebulae is strongly dependent on good models for the stellar ionizing spectrum. Observations in the UV - X-ray wavelength range as well as NLTE model atmosphere calculations of spectra of their exciting stars have shown that neither blackbody fluxes nor "standard" NLTE atmosphere models which are composed out of hydrogen and helium only are good approximations. Strong differences between synthetic spectra from these compared to observed spectra at energies higher than 54 eV (He II ground state) can be ascribed to the neglect of metal-line blanketing. Realistic modeling of the emergent fluxes of hot stars in the UV - X-ray wavelength range requires metal-line blanketed NLTE model atmospheres which include all elements from hydrogen up to the iron-group. For this purpose, we present a grid (solar and halo abundance ratios) of metal-line blanketed NLTE model atmosphere fluxes which covers the parameter range of central stars of planetary nebulae.

Thomas Rauch

2003-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

477

C H A P T E R F O U R T E E N Microfluidics for Synthetic Biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C H A P T E R F O U R T E E N Microfluidics for Synthetic Biology: From Design to Execution M. S of a microfluidic chip 298 1.2. A parallel DAW device 322 1.3. Cell tracking 326 1.4. DAW hardware and software 334. coli 358 3.2. Method to set up a MDAW microfluidic experiment 364 Acknowledgments 371 References 371

Hasty, Jeff

478

The Expression of Gender in Synthetic Actors: Modeling and Motion Control Over Invariant Perceptual Cues Leading to Gender Recognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MCLAUGHLIN Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: 7fa //Ik Louis G. Tassinary (Co-Chair of Committee) Tarek Alameldin (Member) Susan Van... Baerle (Co-Chair of Committee) ,^Vayne L. Shebilske (Member) Julius M. Gribou (Head of Department) May 1994 Ill ABSTRACT The Expression of Gender in Synthetic Actors: Modeling and Motion Control Over Invariant Perceptual Cues Leading to Gender...

McLaughlin, Timothy David

479

Integrated Operation of INL HYTEST System and High-Temperature Steam Electrolysis for Synthetic Natural Gas Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary feedstock for synthetic fuel production is syngas, a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen. Current hydrogen production technologies rely upon fossil fuels and produce significant quantities of greenhouse gases as a byproduct. This is not a sustainable means of satisfying future hydrogen demands, given the current projections for conventional world oil production and future targets for carbon emissions. For the past six years, the Idaho National Laboratory has been investigating the use of high-temperature steam electrolysis (HTSE) to produce the hydrogen feedstock required for synthetic fuel production. High-temperature electrolysis water-splitting technology, combined with non-carbon-emitting energy sources, can provide a sustainable, environmentally-friendly means of large-scale hydrogen production. Additionally, laboratory facilities are being developed at the INL for testing hybrid energy systems composed of several tightly-coupled chemical processes (HYTEST program). The first such test involved the coupling of HTSE, CO2 separation membrane, reverse shift reaction, and methanation reaction to demonstrate synthetic natural gas production from a feedstock of water and either CO or a simulated flue gas containing CO2. This paper will introduce the initial HTSE and HYTEST testing facilities, overall coupling of the technologies, testing results, and future plans.

Carl Marcel Stoots; Lee Shunn; James O'Brien

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

The electrorheology of suspensions consisting of Na-Fluorohectorite synthetic clay particles in silicon oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Under application of an electric field greater than a triggering electric field $E_c \\sim 0.4$ kV/mm, suspensions obtained by dispersing particles of the synthetic clay fluoro-hectorite in a silicon oil, aggregate into chain- and/or column-like structures parallel to the applied electric field. This micro-structuring results in a transition in the suspensions' rheological behavior, from a Newtonian-like behavior to a shear-thinning rheology with a significant yield stress. This behavior is studied as a function of particle volume fraction and strength of the applied electric field, $E$. The steady shear flow curves are observed to scale onto a master curve with respect to $E$, in a manner similar to what was recently found for suspensions of laponite clay [42]. In the case of Na-fluorohectorite, the corresponding dynamic yield stress is demonstrated to scale with respect to $E$ as a power law with an exponent $\\alpha \\sim 1.93$, while the static yield stress inferred from constant shear stress tests exhibits a similar behavior with $\\alpha \\sim 1.58$. The suspensions are also studied in the framework of thixotropic fluids: the bifurcation in the rheology behavior when letting the system flow and evolve under a constant applied shear stress is characterized, and a bifurcation yield stress, estimated as the applied shear stress at which viscosity bifurcation occurs, is measured to scale as $E^\\alpha$ with $\\alpha \\sim 0.5$ to 0.6. All measured yield stresses increase with the particle fraction $\\Phi$ of the suspension. For the static yield stress, a scaling law $\\Phi^\\beta$, with $\\beta = 0.54$, is found. The results are found to be reasonably consistent with each other. Their similarities with-, and discrepancies to- results obtained on laponite-oil suspensions are discussed.

Y. Méheust; K. P. S. Parmar; B. Schjelderupsen; J. O. Fossum

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "interferometric synthetic aperture" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Improving low temperature properties of synthetic diesel fuels derived from oil shale. Alternative fuels utilization program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ability of additives to improve the cold flow properties of shale oil derived fuels boiling in the diesel fuel range was evaluated. Because a commercial shale oil industry did not exist to provide actual samples of finished fuels, a representative range of hydroprocessed shale oil fractions was prepared for use in the additive testing work. Crude oil shale from Occidental Shale Company was fractionated to give three liquids in the diesel fuel boiling range. The initial boiling point in each case was 325/sup 0/F (163/sup 0/C). The final boiling points were 640/sup 0/F (338/sup 0/C), 670/sup 0/F (354/sup 0/C) and 700/sup 0/F (371/sup 0/F). Each fraction was hydrotreated to three different severities (800, 1200 and 1500 psi total pressure) over a Shell 324 nickel molybdate on alumina catalyst at 710 to 750/sup 0/F to afford 9 different model fuels. A variety of commercial and experimental additives were evaluated as cold flow improvers in the model fuels at treat levels of 0.04 to 0.4 wt %. Both the standard pour point test (ASTM D97) and a more severe low temperature flow test (LTFT) were employed. Reductions in pour points of up to 70/sup 0/F and improvements in LTFT temperatures up to 16/sup 0/F were achieved. It is concluded that flow improver additives can play an important role in improving the cold flow properties of future synthetic fuels of the diesel type derived from oil shale.

Frankenfeld, J.W.; Taylor, W.F.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Linear and angular retroreflecting interferometric alignment target  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a method and apparatus for measuring both the linear displacement and angular displacement of an object using a linear interferometer system and an optical target comprising a lens, a reflective surface and a retroreflector. The lens, reflecting surface and retroreflector are specifically aligned and fixed in optical connection with one another, creating a single optical target which moves as a unit that provides multi-axis displacement information for the object with which it is associated. This displacement information is useful in many applications including machine tool control systems and laser tracker systems, among others.

Maxey, L. Curtis (Powell, TN)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Interferometric direction finding with a metamaterial detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present measurements and analysis demonstrating useful direction finding of sources in the S band (2–4?GHz) using a metamaterial detector. An augmented metamaterial absorber that supports magnitude and phase measurement of the incident electric field, within each unit cell, is described. The metamaterial is implemented in a commercial printed circuit board process with off-board back-end electronics. We also discuss on-board back-end implementation strategies. Direction finding performance is analyzed for the fabricated metamaterial detector using simulated data and the standard algorithm, MUtiple SIgnal Classification. The performance of this complete system is characterized by its angular resolution as a function of radiation density at the detector. Sources with power outputs typical of mobile communication devices can be resolved at kilometer distances with sub-degree resolution and high frame rates.

Venkatesh, Suresh; Schurig, David, E-mail: david.schurig@utah.edu [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112 (United States)] [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112 (United States); Shrekenhamer, David; Padilla, Willie [Department of Physics, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts 02467 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts 02467 (United States); Xu, Wangren; Sonkusale, Sameer [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155 (United States)] [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155 (United States)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

484

Interferometric hydrofracture microseism localization using neighboring fracture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydraulic fracturing is the process of injecting high-pressure fluids into a reservoir to induce fractures and thus improve reservoir productivity. Microseismic event localization is used to locate created fractures. ...

Poliannikov, Oleg V.

2011-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

485

Interferometric hydrofracture microseism localization using neighboring fracture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydraulic fracturing is the process of injecting high-pressure fluids into a reservoir to induce fractures and thus improve reservoir productivity. Microseismic event localization is used to locate created fractures. ...

Poliannikov, Oleg V.

486

Automated interferometric alignment system for paraboloidal mirrors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is described for a systematic method of interpreting interference fringes obtained by using a corner cube retroreflector as an alignment aid when aigning a paraboloid to a spherical wavefront. This is applicable to any general case where such alignment is required, but is specifically applicable in the case of aligning an autocollimating test using a diverging beam wavefront. In addition, the method provides information which can be systematically interpreted such that independent information about pitch, yaw and focus errors can be obtained. Thus, the system lends itself readily to automation. Finally, although the method is developed specifically for paraboloids, it can be seen to be applicable to a variety of other aspheric optics when applied in combination with a wavefront corrector that produces a wavefront which, when reflected from the correctly aligned aspheric surface will produce a collimated wavefront like that obtained from the paraboloid when it is correctly aligned to a spherical wavefront.

Maxey, L. Curtis (Powell, TN)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Automated interferometric alignment system for paraboloidal mirrors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is described for a systematic method of interpreting interference fringes obtained by using a corner cube retroreflector as an alignment aid when aligning a paraboloid to a spherical wavefront. This is applicable to any general case where such alignment is required, but is specifically applicable in the case of aligning an autocollimating test using a diverging beam wavefront. In addition, the method provides information which can be systematically interpreted such that independent information about pitch, yaw and focus errors can be obtained. Thus, the system lends itself readily to automation. Finally, although the method is developed specifically for paraboloids, it can be seen to be applicable to a variety of other aspheric optics when applied in combination with a wavefront corrector that produces a wavefront which, when reflected from the correctly aligned aspheric surface will produce a collimated wavefront like that obtained from the paraboloid when it is correctly aligned to a spherical wavefront. 14 figures.

Maxey, L.C.

1993-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

488

An interferometric study of spreading liquid films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Moving contact line problems involving polymeric materials and other complex fluids are encountered in many applications such as coating flows, gravity-driven drainage, and spin-coating operations. Viscous, capillary, ...

Kavehpour, Hossein Pirouz

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Advanced interferometric profile measurements through refractive media  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optical profilers are valuable tools for the characterization of microelectromechanical systems (MEMSs). They use phase sifting interferometry (PSI) or vertical scanning interferometry to measure the topography of microscale structures with nanometer resolution. However, for many emerging MEMS applications, the sample needs to be imaged while placed in a liquid or in a package with a glass window. The increased refractive index of the transparent medium degrades the interference image contrast and prevents any measurement of the sample. We report on the modification of a Veeco NT1100 optical profiler to enable PSI measurements through refractive media. This approach can be applied to any other optical profiler with PSI capability. The modification consists in replacing the original illumination source with a custom-built narrow linewidth source, which increases the coherence length of the light and the contrast of the interference image. We present measurements taken with the modified configuration on samples covered with 3 mm water or 500 {mu}m glass, and we compare them to measurements of uncovered samples. We show that the measurement precision is only slightly reduced by the water and glass, and that it is still sufficiently high for typical MEMS applications. The described method can be readily used for measuring through other types and thicknesses of refractive materials.

Koev, Stephan T.; Ghodssi, Reza [MEMS Sensors and Actuators Laboratory (MSAL), Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Institute for Systems Research, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

Synthetic Metagenomics: Converting digital information back to Biology (2013 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy and Environment 8th Annual User Meeting)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sam Deutsch of the DOE JGI on "Synthetic Metagenomics: Converting digital information back to Biology" at the 8th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting in Walnut Creek, Calif.

Deutsch, Sam [DOE Joint Genome Institute

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

The C. elegans class A synthetic multivulva genes inhibit ectopic RAS-mediated vulval development by tightly restricting expression of lin-3 EGF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The class A and B synthetic multivulva (synMuv) genes of C. elegans redundantly antagonize an EGF/Ras pathway to prevent ectopic vulval induction. The class B synMuv genes encode many proteins known to remodel chromatin ...

Saffer, Adam M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Dartmouth Stellar Evolution Database and the ACS Survey of Galactic Globular Clusters II. Stellar Evolution Tracks, Isochrones, Luminosity Functions, and Synthetic Horizontal-Branch Models  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Web tools are also available at the home page (http://stellar.dartmouth.edu/~models/index.html). These tools allow users to create isochrones and convert them to luminosity functions or create synthetic horizontal branch models.

Dotter, A; Chaboyer, B; Jevremovic, D; Kostov, V; Baron, E; Ferguson, J; Sarajedini, A; Anderson, J

493

Title: Time to scale-up. Standfirst: The construction of modular and scalable synthetic gene networks is now a goal within  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Title: Time to scale-up. Standfirst: The construction of modular and scalable synthetic gene demonstrated. Next, they scaled up the system by constructing a circuit with three inputs to execute a pre

Babu, M. Madan

494

Summary report : direct approaches for recycling carbon dioxide into synthetic fuel.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The consumption of petroleum by the transportation sector in the United States is roughly equivalent to petroleum imports into the country, which have totaled over 12 million barrels a day every year since 2004. This reliance on foreign oil is a strategic vulnerability for the economy and national security. Further, the effect of unmitigated CO{sub 2} releases on the global climate is a growing concern both here and abroad. Independence from problematic oil producers can be achieved to a great degree through the utilization of non-conventional hydrocarbon resources such as coal, oil-shale and tarsands. However, tapping into and converting these resources into liquid fuels exacerbates green house gas (GHG) emissions as they are carbon rich, but hydrogen deficient. Revolutionary thinking about energy and fuels must be adopted. We must recognize that hydrocarbon fuels are ideal energy carriers, but not primary energy sources. The energy stored in a chemical fuel is released for utilization by oxidation. In the case of hydrogen fuel the chemical product is water; in the case of a hydrocarbon fuel, water and carbon dioxide are produced. The hydrogen economy envisions a cycle in which H{sub 2}O is re-energized by splitting water into H{sub 2} and O{sub 2}, by electrolysis for example. We envision a hydrocarbon analogy in which both carbon dioxide and water are re-energized through the application of a persistent energy source (e.g. solar or nuclear). This is of course essentially what the process of photosynthesis accomplishes, albeit with a relatively low sunlight-to-hydrocarbon efficiency. The goal of this project then was the creation of a direct and efficient process for the solar or nuclear driven thermochemical conversion of CO{sub 2} to CO (and O{sub 2}), one of the basic building blocks of synthetic fuels. This process would potentially provide the basis for an alternate hydrocarbon economy that is carbon neutral, provides a pathway to energy independence, and is compatible with much of the existing fuel infrastructure.

Allendorf, Mark D. (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA); Ambrosini, Andrea; Diver, Richard B., Jr.; Siegel, Nathan Phillip; Miller, James Edward; Gelbard, Fred; Evans, Lindsey R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

An assessment of the usefulness of 5 new synthetic pyrethroids in IPM programs for tobacco budworm control in cotton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Synthetic Pyrethroids in IPM Programs for Tobacco Budworm Control in Cotton. (Mlay 1981) Sinnappu Victor Rajakulendran, B. Sc. (Agri. ) University of Sri Lanka Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. F. W. Plapp, Jr. Toxicity measurements were...-methyl ethyl) benzene acetate) and fluvalinate. Toxicity was de- termined to larvae of the tobacco budworm Heliothis (P. ), t d lt 1 *f 't p 't, ~tl t' sonorensis (Carlson), and to larvae of its predator, C~t * ddt pl ). Al*, ll d' f t t d as a...

Rajakulendran, Sinnappu Victor

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Effects of Water in Synthetic Lubricant Systems and Clathrate Formation: A Literature Search and Review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An extensive literature search and a confidential survey were critically analyzed to determine the effects of water on the stability of hydrofluorocarbon/synthetic lubricant systems and to identify key areas requiring further investigation. Following are highlights from the analysis: Clathrate hydrates are solid solutions formed when water molecules are linked through hydrogen bonding creating cavities that can enclose various guest molecules from hydrate formers, such as hydrofluorocarbons R-32, R-125, R-134a, R-407C and R-410A. The four methods for preventing clathrate formation were drying the gas, heating it, reducing its pressure, or using inhibitors. The hydrolysis of polyolester lubricants was mostly acid-catalyzed and its reaction rate constant typically followed the Arrhenius equation of an activated process. Hydrolytic stability improved with hindered molecular structures, and with the presence of acid catcher additives and desiccants. Water vapor can effect the adsorption of long-chain fatty acids and the chemistry of formation of protective oxide film. However, these effects on lubrication can be either positive or negative. Fifty to sixty percent of the moisture injected into an air-conditioning system remained in the refrigerant and the rest mixed with the compressor oil. In an automotive air-conditioning system using R-134a, ice would form at 0 C evaporating temperature when the water content in the vapor refrigerant on the low-pressure side was more than 350 ppm. Moisture would cause the embrittlement of polyethylene terephthalate and the hydrolysis of polyesters, but would reduce the effect of amine additives on fluoroelastomer rubbers. The reactions of water with refrigerants and lubricants would cause formicary and large-pit corrosion in copper tubes, as well as copper plating and sludge formation. Moreover, blockage of capillary tubes increased rapidly in the presence of water. Twenty-four companies responded to the survey. From the responses, the water concentrations specified and expected for different refrigerant/lubricant systems varied depending on the products, their capacities and applications, and also on the companies. Among the problems associated with high moisture level, lubricant breakdown was of greatest concern, followed by acid formation, compressor failure and expansion valve sticking. The following research topics are suggested: 1. The air-conditioning and refrigeration industry needs to measure and record the water content and total acid number of the lubricant of newly installed systems as well as operating systems that are shutdown for service or repair. The reason for the shutdown needs to be documented. A database can then be established to correlate water content with type and cause of breakdown. 2. Detailed studies on the distribution of water in refrigeration and air-conditioning systems should be conducted to pinpoint problem areas associated with free water. 3. Research is needed to validate the current theories and mechanisms of formicary corrosion. Corrosion inhibitors need to be developed. 4. The conditions for clathrate formation and decomposition of other alternative refrigerants, such as R-23, R-41, R-116, R-125, R-143a, R-404A and R-507C, and water should be determined to avoid possible problems associated with tube plugging. The mechanism by which water facilitates or hinders lubrication needs to be studied.

Rohatgi, Ngoc Dung T.

2001-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

497

E-Print Network 3.0 - analyzer focal plane Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 > >> 1 Synthetic Aperture Focusing using a Shear-Warp Factorization of the Viewing Transform Summary: analyze the warps required for tilted focal planes and arbitrary camera...

498

E-Print Network 3.0 - air force acquisition Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Division Collection: Geosciences 56 Ronald Driggers Optical Sciences Division Summary: FLIR Navy: ActivePassive, Large Focal Planes Air Force: Synthetic Aperture Ladar mmW and...

499

PoroTomo Subtask 3.4 Analysis of existing InSAR data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Attributes of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data acquired by TerraSAR-X and TandemX satellite missions and archived at WINSAR facility.

Kurt Feigl

2014-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

500

Im2Learn Manual The motivation for developing Im2Learn (Image to Learn) comes from academic, government  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cover classification, map analysis, geo-spatial information systems (GIS), synthetic aperture radar (SAR-driven scene modeling Matching: Searching for Well-defined Landmarks Image calibration Geo

Minsker, Barbara S.