Sample records for interface spreadsheet website

  1. Use of Wingz spreadsheet as an interface to total-system performance assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chambers, W.F.; Treadway, A.H.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A commercial spreadsheet has been used as an interface to a set of simple models to simulate possible nominal flow and failure scenarios at the potential high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Individual models coded in FORTRAN are linked to the spreadsheet. Complementary cumulative probability distribution functions resulting from the models are plotted through scripts associated with the spreadsheet. All codes are maintained under a source code control system for quality assurance. The spreadsheet and the simple models can be run on workstations, PCs, and Macintoshes. The software system is designed so that the FORTRAN codes can be run on several machines if a network environment is available.

  2. Documenting Spreadsheets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payette, Raymond

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses spreadsheets documentation and new means to achieve this end by using Excel's built-in "Comment" function. By structuring comments, they can be used as an essential tool to fully explain spreadsheet. This will greatly facilitate spreadsheet change control, risk management and auditing. It will fill a crucial gap in corporate governance by adding essential information that can be managed in order to satisfy internal controls and accountability standards.

  3. January 1, 2012 NMP Spreadsheet Version 3.0 Updates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaye, Jason P.

    January 1, 2012 NMP Spreadsheet Version 3.0 Updates On January 1, 2012, updates were made to the NMP Standard Format Version 3.0 Spreadsheet posted on the PA Nutrient Management website. Highlights of the NMP Standard Format Spreadsheet is "NMP Version 3.0 ­ January 2012". For comments and questions

  4. Stop That Subversive Spreadsheet!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Chadwick

    2007-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper documents the formation of the European Spreadsheet Risks Interest Group (EuSpRIG www.eusprig.org) and outlines some of the research undertaken and reported upon by interested parties in EuSpRIG publications

  5. LOGICAL SPREADSHEETS A DISSERTATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    LOGICAL SPREADSHEETS A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE.0/us/ This dissertation is online at: http://purl.stanford.edu/gt527cs1860 © 2011 by Michael Adam;I certify that I have read this dissertation and that, in my opinion, it is fully adequate in scope

  6. Value of Information spreadsheet

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Trainor-Guitton, Whitney

    This spreadsheet represents the information posteriors derived from synthetic data of magnetotellurics (MT). These were used to calculate value of information of MT for geothermal exploration. Information posteriors describe how well MT was able to locate the "throat" of clay caps, which are indicative of hidden geothermal resources. This data is full explained in the peer-reviewed publication: Trainor-Guitton, W., Hoversten, G. M., Ramirez, A., Roberts, J., Júlíusson, E., Key, K., Mellors, R. (Sept-Oct. 2014) The value of spatial information for determining well placement: a geothermal example, Geophysics.

  7. Value of Information spreadsheet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trainor-Guitton, Whitney

    2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This spreadsheet represents the information posteriors derived from synthetic data of magnetotellurics (MT). These were used to calculate value of information of MT for geothermal exploration. Information posteriors describe how well MT was able to locate the "throat" of clay caps, which are indicative of hidden geothermal resources. This data is full explained in the peer-reviewed publication: Trainor-Guitton, W., Hoversten, G. M., Ramirez, A., Roberts, J., Júlíusson, E., Key, K., Mellors, R. (Sept-Oct. 2014) The value of spatial information for determining well placement: a geothermal example, Geophysics.

  8. Excel spreadsheet discussed in Report Appendix

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The functional spreadsheet which accompanies the Accounting for Uncertainty in Lumen Measurements report.

  9. Website Contact

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Contact the website administrator with questions, comments, or issues related to the Federal Energy Management Program website. If your inquiry is in regard to a specific Web page, please include...

  10. Equipment Energy Models Using Spreadsheet Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, J. S.

    EQUIPMENT ENERGY MODELS USING SPREADSHEET PROGRAMS Joel S. Gilbert, Dames & Moore, Bethesda, Maryland Engineering calculations on PC's are undergoing a revolution with the advent of spreadsheet programs. The author has found that virtually all...

  11. Automatic Generation and Maintenance of Correct Spreadsheets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erwig, Martin

    of "spreadsheet maintenance safety": Up- date operations that are generated from a type-correct tem- plateAutomatic Generation and Maintenance of Correct Spreadsheets Martin Erwig School of EECS Oregon descriptors: D.2.2 [Software Engineering]: Design Tools and Techniques; D.2.7 [Soft- ware Engineering

  12. Managing Financing Programs-- Spreadsheet Models (Text Version)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Chris: - financial market development team. I'm really glad that all of you have been able to take time out of your busy days to come and share some time with us talking about using spreadsheet...

  13. In Search of a Taxonomy for Classifying Qualitative Spreadsheet Errors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Przasnyski, Zbigniew; Seal, Kala Chand

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most organizations use large and complex spreadsheets that are embedded in their mission-critical processes and are used for decision-making purposes. Identification of the various types of errors that can be present in these spreadsheets is, therefore, an important control that organizations can use to govern their spreadsheets. In this paper, we propose a taxonomy for categorizing qualitative errors in spreadsheet models that offers a framework for evaluating the readiness of a spreadsheet model before it is released for use by others in the organization. The classification was developed based on types of qualitative errors identified in the literature and errors committed by end-users in developing a spreadsheet model for Panko's (1996) "Wall problem". Closer inspection of the errors reveals four logical groupings of the errors creating four categories of qualitative errors. The usability and limitations of the proposed taxonomy and areas for future extension are discussed.

  14. automating spreadsheet discovery: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A New Visualization Method Makes Golbeck, Jennifer 83 Drivers of the Cost of Spreadsheet Audit CERN Preprints Summary: A review of 75 formal audit assignments shows that...

  15. Avoiding, Finding and Fixing Spreadsheet Errors -A Survey of Automated Approaches for Spreadsheet QA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jannach, Dietmar

    "dark matter (and energy) of corporate IT" [1]. In order to minimize these risks, researchers in differ users and that standard software quality assurance processes are mostly not applied. Correspondingly, Debugging 1. Introduction Spreadsheet applications, based, e.g., on the widespread Microsoft Excel software

  16. PBA Transportation Websites

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    PBA Transportation Websites presented to the DOE Systems Analysis Workshop held in Washington, D.C. July 28-29, 2004 to discuss and define role of systems analysis in DOE Hydrogen Program.

  17. Compiling and optimizing spreadsheets for FPGA and multicore execution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hirsch, Amir

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A major barrier to developing systems on multicore and FPGA chips is an easy-to-use development environment. This thesis presents the RhoZeta spreadsheet compiler and Catalyst optimization system for programming multiprocessors ...

  18. Strontium-90 Error Discovered in Subcontract Laboratory Spreadsheet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D. D. Brown A. S. Nagel

    1999-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    West Valley Demonstration Project health physicists and environment scientists discovered a series of errors in a subcontractor's spreadsheet being used to reduce data as part of their strontium-90 analytical process.

  19. Applying the CobiT Control Framework to Spreadsheet Developments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Raymond J

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the problems reported by researchers and auditors in the field of spreadsheet risks is that of getting and keeping managements attention to the problem. Since 1996, the Information Systems Audit & Control Foundation and the IT Governance Institute have published CobiT which brings mainstream IT control issues into the corporate governance arena. This paper illustrates how spreadsheet risk and control issues can be mapped onto the CobiT framework and thus brought to managers attention in a familiar format.

  20. Helpful Websites Ebling Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohnhoff, David

    Helpful Websites · Ebling Library o http://ebling.library.wisc.edu/ · Ebling Library NIH Public Access Policy Help o http://ebling.library.wisc.edu/help/nih.cfm · PubMed o http://www.pubmed.gov · NIH Help with NIH Public Access Policy Compliance? · nihpolicy@library.wisc.edu · Trisha Adamus, Ebling

  1. INCORPORATING INCREMENTAL VALIDATION AND IMPACT ANALYSIS INTO SPREADSHEET MAINTENANCE: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rothermel, Gregg

    serious consequences; for example, a Dallas oil and gas company lost millions of dollars in an acquisition1 INCORPORATING INCREMENTAL VALIDATION AND IMPACT ANALYSIS INTO SPREADSHEET MAINTENANCE: spreadsheets, maintenance, testing, impact analysis, empirical study, visual programming 1. INTRODUCTION

  2. When Spreadsheets Become Software - Quality Control Challenges and Approaches - 13360

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fountain, Stefanie A.; Chen, Emmie G.; Beech, John F. [Geosyntec Consultants, Inc., 1255 Roberts Boulevard NW, Suite 200, Kennesaw, GA 30144 (United States)] [Geosyntec Consultants, Inc., 1255 Roberts Boulevard NW, Suite 200, Kennesaw, GA 30144 (United States); Wyatt, Elizabeth E. [LATA Environmental Services of Kentucky, LLC, 761 Veterans Ave, Kevil, KY 42053 (United States)] [LATA Environmental Services of Kentucky, LLC, 761 Veterans Ave, Kevil, KY 42053 (United States); Quinn, Tanya B. [Geosyntec Consultants, Inc., 2002 Summit Boulevard NE, Suite 885, Atlanta, GA 30319 (United States)] [Geosyntec Consultants, Inc., 2002 Summit Boulevard NE, Suite 885, Atlanta, GA 30319 (United States); Seifert, Robert W. [Portsmouth/Paducah Project Office, United States Department of Energy, 5600 Hobbs Rd, Kevil, KY 42053 (United States)] [Portsmouth/Paducah Project Office, United States Department of Energy, 5600 Hobbs Rd, Kevil, KY 42053 (United States); Bonczek, Richard R. [Portsmouth/Paducah Project Office, United States Department of Energy, 1017 Majestic Drive, Lexington, KY 40513 (United States)] [Portsmouth/Paducah Project Office, United States Department of Energy, 1017 Majestic Drive, Lexington, KY 40513 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of a preliminary waste acceptance criteria (PWAC) development, several commercial models were employed, including the Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance model (HELP) [1], the Disposal Unit Source Term - Multiple Species model (DUSTMS) [2], and the Analytical Transient One, Two, and Three-Dimensional model (AT123D) [3]. The results of these models were post-processed in MS Excel spreadsheets to convert the model results to alternate units, compare the groundwater concentrations to the groundwater concentration thresholds, and then to adjust the waste contaminant masses (based on average concentration over the waste volume) as needed in an attempt to achieve groundwater concentrations at the limiting point of assessment that would meet the compliance concentrations while maximizing the potential use of the landfill (i.e., maximizing the volume of projected waste being generated that could be placed in the landfill). During the course of the PWAC calculation development, one of the Microsoft (MS) Excel spreadsheets used to post-process the results of the commercial model packages grew to include more than 575,000 formulas across 18 worksheets. This spreadsheet was used to assess six base scenarios as well as nine uncertainty/sensitivity scenarios. The complexity of the spreadsheet resulted in the need for a rigorous quality control (QC) procedure to verify data entry and confirm the accuracy of formulas. (authors)

  3. application program interface: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 A Java Application Programming Interface to a Multimedia Enhanced Object-Oriented DBMS Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: A Java Application...

  4. application programming interface: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6 A Java Application Programming Interface to a Multimedia Enhanced Object-Oriented DBMS Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: A Java Application...

  5. Qtier-Rapor: Managing Spreadsheet Systems & Improving Corporate Performance, Compliance and Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bishop, Keith

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Much of what EuSpRIG discusses is concerned with the integrity of individual spreadsheets. In businesses, interlocking spreadsheets are regularly used to fill functional gaps in core administrative systems. The growth and deployment of such integrated spreadsheet SYSTEMS raises the scale of issues to a whole new level. The correct management of spreadsheet systems is necessary to ensure that the business achieves its goals of improved performance and good corporate governance, within the constraints of legislative compliance - poor management will deliver the opposite. This paper is an anatomy of the real-life issues of the commercial use of spreadsheets in business, and demonstrates how Qtier-Rapor has been used to instil best practice in the use of integrated commercial spreadsheet systems.

  6. Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model (GETEM) Individual Case Files and Summary Spreadsheet (GETEM version Spring 2013)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Hanson, Steven CJ

    This group of files-- 10 GETEM individual case files and 1 summary spreadsheet-- contain final data from the revisions between summer 2011 and spring 2013.

  7. Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model (GETEM) Individual Case Files and Summary Spreadsheet (GETEM version Spring 2013)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanson, Steven CJ

    2013-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This group of files-- 10 GETEM individual case files and 1 summary spreadsheet-- contain final data from the revisions between summer 2011 and spring 2013.

  8. Spreadsheet program for handheld has variety of uses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coffey, L.F.

    1984-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A spreadsheet program for a pocket calculator. It's not a 500K computer, but a useful program is possible. This first of three articles will introduce a basic ''spread-sheet''--a program for manipulating rows and columns of numbers--for a Hewlett-Packard HP-41CV (or an HP-41C with a Quad-Memory). The second article will provide a program for analysis of a cash flow profile, with a large repertoire of profitability yardsticks and which will run in the same basic calculator.

  9. A spreadsheet for analyzing the in situ performance of fluorescent luminaires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rubinstein, F.; Zhang, Chin.

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A spreadsheet program for determining system efficacy, power input and light output of common 4 ft fluorescent lighting systems under realistic operating conditions is described. The program uses accepted IES engineering principles to precisely account for ballast factor, existing thermal conditions and maintenance practices. The spreadsheet, which includes a data base of lamp and ballast performance data, can be used to calculate the cost-effectiveness of many common lighting retrofits.

  10. DVU Website Edit Request Form

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T,Office of Policy, OAPMMilestone | DepartmentEA Featured Training &Website

  11. Website Policies | ARPA-E

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch >Internship Program TheSiteEureka AnalyticsLargeHome|Website Policies

  12. FEMP Website Moves Into Energy.gov

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Energy Management Program in January moved its Web pages into Energy.gov, the U.S. Department of Energy's website.

  13. Geothermal: Website Policies and Important Links

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Website Policies and Important Links Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us HomeBasic Search About Publications Advanced Search New Hot Docs...

  14. Revised January 2011 Faculty of Graduate Studies Website

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brownstone, Rob

    integration specialists, electronic resource coordinators, information re- search specialists, electronic, spreadsheets, and presentation software. To ensure successful completion of the MLIS program, students entering the program are expected to have the following basic technology skills either before entering the Program

  15. Jefferson Lab's Science Education Website Helps Students Prepare...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Jefferson Lab's Science Education Website Helps Students Prepare for Upcoming Standards of Learning Tests April 12, 2004 Usage of Jefferson Lab's Science Education website is...

  16. JLab's Science Education Website Helps Students Prep for 2006...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    JLab's Science Education Website Helps Students Prep for 2006 Standards of Learning Tests March 28, 2006 The use of Jefferson Lab's Science Education website is climbing as...

  17. Course Materials • ALWAYS check the MA 15300 website FIRST ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devlin, Patrick M

    2015-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    policies and understand all the course materials on the website. • ALWAYS check the MA 15300 · website FIRST when searching for class information.

  18. Energy.TooManyWebsites.gov

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In a blog post titled TooManyWebsites.gov, my counterpart at the White House outlined the Obama Administration's plans to improve how the federal government delivers information and services to the public online by reducing the number of websites it maintains. We're answering the President's call, seizing the opportunity to streamline web operations, reduce duplicative spending and improve overall web communications.

  19. GA-FEL Spreadsheet Instructions 1. Please complete and submit this form electronically (as an attachment) to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    GA-FEL Spreadsheet Instructions 1. Please complete and submit this form electronically (as TUITION &/OR FEES BEGIN AND END WAIVED Due to FEL DATES Beginning Date Ending Date Number of Payments

  20. University of Bristol IT Services document its-t4sm-2 T4 Site Manager for website

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bristol, University of

    University of Bristol IT Services document its-t4sm-2 T4 Site Manager for website moderators, type the document code given in brackets at the top of this page. Related documentation Site Manager Document information Task 1 Overview of the Site Manager Moderator interface

  1. Test Preparation Options Free Test Prep Websites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stowell, Michael

    Test Preparation Options Free Test Prep Websites ACT: http: http://www.collegeboard.com/student/testing/sat/prep_one/test.html http://www.number2.com://testprep.princetonreview.com/CourseSearch/Search.aspx?itemCode=17&productType=F&rid=1&zip=803 02 Test Prep Classes Front Range Community College: Classes

  2. Generation of policy-rich websites from declarative models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Felix Sheng-Ho

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Protecting sensitive data stored behind online websites is a major challenge, but existing techniques are inadequate. Automated website builders typically offer very limited options for specifying custom access policies. ...

  3. Get Daily Energy Analysis Delivered to Your Website | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Get Daily Energy Analysis Delivered to Your Website Get Daily Energy Analysis Delivered to Your Website August 8, 2011 - 3:39pm Addthis Get Daily Energy Analysis Delivered to Your...

  4. CMS Videos & Magnet M1 Website

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almakhrazi, Majed Ahmed

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Doing 8 weeks internship in CERN gave me the opportunity to learn new skills and experiences. CERN is an organization where they operate the world's largest particle physics laboratory. Working on projects as a student is important to prepare for the work after the graduation. In this report, I will discuss the projects that I was assigned to, which are website upgrading, sketching drawings, and video editing, and present the results and compare them with the old ones.

  5. College of Pharmacy and Nutrition Graduate Student Profile for Website

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    College of Pharmacy and Nutrition Graduate Student Profile for Website CONSENT FORM This consent Student Profile for Website form. Please check ( ) your preference and sign below. I hereby give contained on the College of Pharmacy and Nutrition Graduate Student Profile for Website, submitted

  6. PPPO Website Directory | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2:Introduction toManagementOPAM5 Accretion-of-Duties POLICYSpecialistPOlicy Flash8006Website

  7. Freight Best Practice Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGermanFife EnergyFreight Best Practice Website Jump to:

  8. Energy Saver Website Contact | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,39732 DOE FOrdersServices »DeployingofLandscapingWebsite Contact

  9. Website Policies | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch >Internship Program TheSiteEureka AnalyticsLargeHome|Website

  10. NPDES Permit Program Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources JumpNEFAppropriation andWebsite Jump to:

  11. Property:Incentive/Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal PwerPerkins County, Nebraska:PrecourtOid JumpEligSysSize JumpTechDsc Jump to: navigation,Website

  12. CalTOX (registered trademark), A multimedia total exposure model spreadsheet user's guide. Version 4.0(Beta)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKone, T.E.; Enoch, K.G.

    2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CalTOX has been developed as a set of spreadsheet models and spreadsheet data sets to assist in assessing human exposures from continuous releases to multiple environmental media, i.e. air, soil, and water. It has also been used for waste classification and for setting soil clean-up levels at uncontrolled hazardous wastes sites. The modeling components of CalTOX include a multimedia transport and transformation model, multi-pathway exposure scenario models, and add-ins to quantify and evaluate uncertainty and variability. All parameter values used as inputs to CalTOX are distributions, described in terms of mean values and a coefficient of variation, rather than as point estimates or plausible upper values such as most other models employ. This probabilistic approach allows both sensitivity and uncertainty analyses to be directly incorporated into the model operation. This manual provides CalTOX users with a brief overview of the CalTOX spreadsheet model and provides instructions for using the spreadsheet to make deterministic and probabilistic calculations of source-dose-risk relationships.

  13. Basic Journal Entry Quick Guide Note: For more complete information on chartfields and journal entries (including spreadsheet import journal entries)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hitchcock, Adam P.

    Basic Journal Entry Quick Guide Note: For more complete information on chartfields and journal entries (including spreadsheet import journal entries) refer to https://mosaictraining.mcmaster.ca under Courses > General Ledger. Step 1 ­ Create a new journal entry Navigation: 1. Business

  14. User Interfaces 1 Command Line Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verschelde, Jan

    User Interfaces 1 Command Line Interfaces getting arguments of the command line a command line 2013 1 / 39 #12;User Interfaces 1 Command Line Interfaces getting arguments of the command line a command line interface to store points fitting points with polyfit of numpy 2 Encapsulation by Object

  15. Department of Energy Launches Website Supporting Energy-Saving...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    at http:www.eere.energy.govbuildings as part of its continuing effort to support hurricane victims in the Gulf Coast. The website provides relevant resources and information...

  16. Impact of a dermatology wiki website on dermatology education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ® (DNN®), an open source web content management platform (convenience of the World Wide Web. Crotty et al. exploreddemwiki website, owing to its web storage limitations, was

  17. Monthly Variable-based Degree Day Template: A Spreadsheet Procedure Calculating a 3 Parameter Change-point Model for Residential or Commercial Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landman, D. S.; Haberl, J. S.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a spreadsheet procedure for calculating a variable-based degree day or three parameter change-point models using monthly utility billing data and coincident weather data. These models were used to model monthly energy...

  18. A spreadsheet-coupled SOLGAS: A computerized thermodynamic equilibrium calculation tool. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trowbridge, L.D.; Leitnaker, J.M. [Oak Ridge K-25 Site, TN (United States). Technical Analysis and Operations Div.

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SOLGAS, an early computer program for calculating equilibrium in a chemical system, has been made more user-friendly, and several ``bells and whistles`` have been added. The necessity to include elemental species has been eliminated. The input of large numbers of starting conditions has been automated. A revised spreadsheet-based format for entering data, including non-ideal binary and ternary mixtures, simplifies and reduces chances for error. Calculational errors by SOLGAS are flagged, and several programming errors are corrected. Auxiliary programs are available to assemble and partially automate plotting of large amounts of data. Thermodynamic input data can be changed on line. The program can be operated with or without a co-processor. Copies of the program, suitable for the IBM-PC or compatibles with at least 384 bytes of low RAM, are available from the authors. This user manual contains appendices with examples of the use of SOLGAS. These range from elementary examples, such as, the relationships among water, ice, and water vapor, to more complex systems: phase diagram calculation of UF{sub 4} and UF{sub 6} system; burning UF{sub 4} in fluorine; thermodynamic calculation of the Cl-F-O-H system; equilibria calculations in the CCl{sub 4}--CH{sub 3}OH system; and limitations applicable to aqueous solutions. An appendix also contains the source code.

  19. Help Build a Better Energy Information Administration Website

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) is launching a beta website that encourages the public, researchers, analysts and others to test and comment on the agency’s latest product enhancements, and review other users’ comments.

  20. Jefferson Lab's Science Education Website Helps Students Prepare...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is the "Who Wants to Win 1,000,000 Math and Science Quiz Jefferson Lab's Science Education Website Helps Students Prepare for Upcoming Standards of Learning Tests April 7,...

  1. Web Service Interface (API)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    OSCARS and Future Tech OSCARS Standard and Open Grid Forum OSCARS Developers Community Web Browser Interface (WBUI) Web Service Interface (API) Read More... Fasterdata IPv6...

  2. Web Browser Interface (WBUI)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    OSCARS and Future Tech OSCARS Standard and Open Grid Forum OSCARS Developers Community Web Browser Interface (WBUI) Web Service Interface (API) Read More... Fasterdata IPv6...

  3. Selecting and Applying Interfacings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Selecting and using interfacing correctly is an important component of garment construction. The various types of interfacing are described and methods of applying them are discussed in detail....

  4. Logging InLogging In Go to Johnson School LibraryGo to Johnson School Library''s Website,s Website,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipson, Michal

    #12;Logging InLogging In Go to Johnson School LibraryGo to Johnson School Library''s Website such as Company Name, ConHere you can enter more specifications such as Company Name, Contacttact Name etc;ExampleExample Link to company provides more detailed information of the companLink to company provides

  5. Web Interface Call Simulator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernst, Damien

    Web Interface Call Simulator Stage Description Web Interface for VoIP Call Simulator Net) Version 1.0 ­ 3/09/2012 Page 1 of 6 #12;Web Interface Call Simulator Version 1.0 ­ 3/09/2012 Page 2 of 6 #12;Web Interface Call Simulator Document Control Version Date Notes 1.0 25/8/2012 Reviewed

  6. CITI Program Website Downtime for Software Upgrade Starting Monday 29 July at 11 a.m. U.S. Eastern Daylight Time, the CITI Program website will be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. Eastern Daylight Time, the CITI Program website will be unavailable for approximately two to three days

  7. Property:Incentive/Cont4Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag Jump to: navigation,ProjectStartDate JumpAuth3Link JumpWebsite Jump to:Website Jump

  8. Property:Incentive/ContWebsite | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag Jump to: navigation,ProjectStartDate JumpAuth3Link JumpWebsite JumpContWebsite Jump

  9. Property:RAPID/Contact/ID4/Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag Jump to: navigation,ProjectStartDatePropertyWavemakingWebsiteWebsite Property Type

  10. Property:RAPID/Contact/ID6/Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag Jump to: navigation,ProjectStartDatePropertyWavemakingWebsiteWebsite

  11. Using SAS to generate DDI-Codebook XML from Information Managed in Excel Spreadsheets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Philip A.

    2013-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    \\fem_variable_formats.txt' delimiter = '09'x MISSOVER DSD lrecl = 32767 firstobs = 2 ; input VARIABLE $ FORMAT $ ; run ; There is more than one way to import information from Excel into SAS External File Interface Import Wizard Proc Import Excel Library... into SAS Proc Import There is more than one way to import information from Excel into SAS proc import datafile = "C:\\worksheets\\female_metadata.xls" out = user.female_metadata dbms = excel ; range = "'FINAL SECTION J'" ; getnames = yes ; mixed...

  12. Job Opportunity: Website Developer Company: Dougherty Forestry Mfg.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    Job Opportunity: Website Developer Company: Dougherty Forestry Mfg. Start Date: June 1 st Deadline@doughertymfg.com Dougherty Forestry Mfg. is proud to be an Equal Opportunity Employer. Applicants are considered for all, ancestry, marital or veteran status. Dougherty Forestry Mfg, 211 W. Canyon Run, Hinton, OK 73047, (405) 542

  13. Mining Photo-sharing Websites to Study Ecological Phenomena

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menczer, Filippo

    Mining Photo-sharing Websites to Study Ecological Phenomena Haipeng Zhang School of Informatics the occurrence of ecological phenomena including ground snow cover, snow fall and vegetation density. We compare and by Earth- observing satellites. Besides the immediate application to ecology, our study gives insight

  14. A Systematic Approach to Developing and Evaluating Website Fingerprinting Defenses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldberg, Ian

    A Systematic Approach to Developing and Evaluating Website Fingerprinting Defenses Xiang Cai1 security, or both. This paper (1) systematically analyzes existing attacks and de- fenses to understand-based analysis provides clear directions to defense designers on which features need to be hidden. Our lower

  15. Precision Web 4 U: A Business Model for Selling Websites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Robert

    2005-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    business model for one such company that will sell website development and design to small and medium-sized businesses. Most new companies (not just those on the Internet) fail within the first year. A business model is an essential tool towards...

  16. Oil field waste disposal in salt caverns: An information website

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tomasko, D.; Veil, J. A.

    1999-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Argonne National Laboratory has completed the construction of a Website for the US Department of Energy (DOE) that provides detailed information on salt caverns and their use for disposing of nonhazardous oil field wastes (NOW) and naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM). Specific topics in the Website include the following: descriptions of salt deposits and salt caverns within the US, salt cavern construction methods, potential types of wastes, waste emplacement, regulatory issues, costs, carcinogenic and noncarcinogenic human health risks associated with postulated cavern release scenarios, new information on cavern disposal (e.g., upcoming meetings, regulatory issues, etc.), other studies supported by the National Petroleum Technology Office (NPTO) (e.g., considerations of site location, cavern stability, development issues, and bedded salt characterization in the Midland Basin), and links to other associated Web sites. In addition, the Website allows downloadable access to reports prepared on the topic that were funded by DOE. Because of the large quantities of NOW and NORM wastes generated annually by the oil industry, information presented on this Website is particularly interesting and valuable to project managers, regulators, and concerned citizens.

  17. University Policy Website Policy Development and Review Checklist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Tom

    University Policy Website Policy Development and Review Checklist Updated May 2009 Page 1 of 3 UNIVERSITY POLICY DEVELOPMENT AND REVIEW CHECKLIST Purpose This checklist is designed to assist individuals developing and reviewing university policies and procedures. The questions below will not apply to every

  18. Policy and Procedure Writing Tips University Policy Website

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Tom

    Policy and Procedure Writing Tips University Policy Website Policy and Procedure Writing Tips Updated May 2009 Page 1 of 2 · Differentiate between policies and procedures. o University Policies review and approval for policy issuance and revision. o University Procedures are the processes

  19. Fields of study Deadlines Citizenship Req. Website American Assoc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    , public health or science. 40189 U.S. Citizen or Permanent Resident http://www.gmsp.org/ Hertz Foundation Predoc Applied physical and engineering sciences or modern biology Please check website U.S. Citizen or engineering 40483 U.S. Citizen and Foreign Nationals http://www.nationalacademies.org/rap/ National Science

  20. NONLINEAR OPTICS AT INTERFACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Chenson K.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    N. Bloembergen, Nonlinear Optics (W. A. Benjamin, 1977) p.Research Division NONLINEAR OPTICS AT INTERFACES Chenson K.ED LBL-12084 NONLINEAR OPTICS AT INTERFACES Chenson K. Chen

  1. Brain-Computer Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aggarwal, Khushbu

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I \\ November 16, 2008). CNN. ’Brain’ in a dish ?ies ?ightREFERENCES Adams, Ray. Brain Computer Interfaces: Psychologyaccessed Biever, Celeste. Brain cells in a dish ?y ?ghter

  2. Smart Interfaces superhydrophobe Oberflchen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kohlenbach, Ulrich

    forschen 24 Smart Interfaces ­ superhydrophobe Oberflächen Superhydrophobe, selbstreinigende-Silica-Hybridteilchen ermöglichen, lang- zeitstabile superhydrophobe Oberflächen einfach herzustellen. Smart Interfaces unten). Blattes runter. Neben der Struktur auf der Mikro- meter-Skala muss das Material, aus dem die

  3. INTERNSHIP OPPORTUNITY SOCIAL WEBSITE AND EVENTS After 5 Detroit is looking for a Website Intern for Fall 2011. The internship runs from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cinabro, David

    INTERNSHIP OPPORTUNITY ­ SOCIAL WEBSITE AND EVENTS After 5 Detroit is looking for a Website Intern for Fall 2011. The internship runs from the beginning of May through the end of August. It is an unpaid internship but our past interns have generally earned college credits for their work. After 5 Detroit LLC

  4. California Statewide Property Inventory Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainableCSL Gas Recovery Biomass16Association Jump to:Inventory Website

  5. Advisory Council on Historic Preservation website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1AMEE Jump to:Ohio:Ads-tecInformation CircaItaly)website

  6. Property:EnergyAccessWebsite | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,PillarPublicationType JumpDOEInvolveRtoSpp Jump to:EaseEnergyAccessWebsite Jump

  7. Property:Geothermal/Partner4Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag Jump to: navigation, searchFundingOpportunityAnnouncemt JumpPartner4Website Jump

  8. Property:Geothermal/Partner5Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag Jump to: navigation, searchFundingOpportunityAnnouncemt JumpPartner4Website

  9. Property:Geothermal/Partner7Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag Jump to: navigation, searchFundingOpportunityAnnouncemtPartner7Website Jump to:

  10. Property:Geothermal/Partner8Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag Jump to: navigation, searchFundingOpportunityAnnouncemtPartner7Website Jump

  11. Property:Geothermal/Partner9Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag Jump to: navigation, searchFundingOpportunityAnnouncemtPartner7Website

  12. Property:Incentive/Cont2Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag Jump to: navigation,ProjectStartDate JumpAuth3Link JumpWebsite Jump to: navigation,

  13. Property:Incentive/Cont3Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag Jump to: navigation,ProjectStartDate JumpAuth3Link JumpWebsite Jump to:

  14. Property:RAPID/Contact/ID13/Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag Jump to: navigation,ProjectStartDatePropertyWavemakingWebsite Property Type URL

  15. Property:RAPID/Contact/ID14/Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag Jump to: navigation,ProjectStartDatePropertyWavemakingWebsite Property Type

  16. Property:RAPID/Contact/ID15/Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag Jump to: navigation,ProjectStartDatePropertyWavemakingWebsite Property

  17. Hawaii Department of Health Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| OpenInformationHartsville,NewOpenInformationHealth Website

  18. Surface Transportation Board Website Citations | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2Uranium Transferon the Passing ofDepartment of EnergyDepartment ofWebsite

  19. SC e-journals Website Policies and Important Links

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection245C Unlimited Release Printed March 2012B.WorkshopWebsite Policies

  20. Oregon Water Quality Permit Program (Stormwater Discharge Permits) Website

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:Energy Information FeesInformationWebsite | Open Energy| Open

  1. Arizona Department of Environmental Quality's General Permits Website |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcatAntrim County,DelhiArdmore,Ariton, Alabama:andGuidance Website

  2. NPS - National Register of Historic Places website | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources JumpNEFAppropriation andWebsite JumpJump

  3. Development and demonstration of an enhanced spreadsheet-based well log analysis software. Final report, May 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watney, W.L.; Doveton, J.H.; Guy, W.J.

    1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Advanced Class Work Program is a field-based research and demonstration program for demonstration of advanced or improved technologies identified in the Department of Energy`s Class Field Demonstration Projects. The objective of the Advanced Class Work program is to conduct field demonstrations of technologies for which a small, incremental amount of work will produce or improve a transferable, useful technology for oil recovery. The goal of the program is to enhance the products of near-term Class projects and maximize the applicability and effectiveness of project results. PfEFFER (Petrofacies Evaluation of Formations For Engineering Reservoirs) is a well log analysis computer package. The software was tested and successfully applied in Schaben Field, a DOE Class 2 Field Demonstration Project to assist in improving reservoir characterization and assessing reservoir performance. PfEFFER v.1 was released in January, 1996 as a commercial spreadsheet-based well-log analysis program developed and distributed through the Kansas Geological Survey. The objectives of this project were: Task 1 -- Enhance the PfEFFER software package; Task 2 -- Develop major new modules to significantly augment PfEFFER capabilities; Task 3 -- Conduct field demonstration of software application using the necessary reservoir data acquired from oil operators and construct a database; and Task 4 -- Perform technology transfer activities that include workshops, reports, presentations, or other methods to communicate results to interested parties.

  4. Review of Literature for Inputs to the National Water Savings Model and Spreadsheet Tool-Commercial/Institutional

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whitehead, Camilla Dunham; Melody, Moya; Lutz, James

    2009-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is developing a computer model and spreadsheet tool for the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to help estimate the water savings attributable to their WaterSense program. WaterSense has developed a labeling program for three types of plumbing fixtures commonly used in commercial and institutional settings: flushometer valve toilets, urinals, and pre-rinse spray valves. This National Water Savings-Commercial/Institutional (NWS-CI) model is patterned after the National Water Savings-Residential model, which was completed in 2008. Calculating the quantity of water and money saved through the WaterSense labeling program requires three primary inputs: (1) the quantity of a given product in use; (2) the frequency with which units of the product are replaced or are installed in new construction; and (3) the number of times or the duration the product is used in various settings. To obtain the information required for developing the NWS-CI model, LBNL reviewed various resources pertaining to the three WaterSense-labeled commercial/institutional products. The data gathered ranged from the number of commercial buildings in the United States to numbers of employees in various sectors of the economy and plumbing codes for commercial buildings. This document summarizes information obtained about the three products' attributes, quantities, and use in commercial and institutional settings that is needed to estimate how much water EPA's WaterSense program saves.

  5. SRS Interface Input

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Interface Input 1. MOA's: The contractor has no MOA's in effect at the Tritium Operations (SRTO) level. 2. AIP's: The contractor has no AIP's in effect at the SRTO level. 3....

  6. Additions to list of Nominating Bodies Organisation Website and Address Qualifications for nominating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glasgow, University of

    Annex A Additions to list of Nominating Bodies Organisation Website and Address Qualifications plc is the world's leading semiconductor intellectual property supplier. Instead of bearing the costs

  7. Monthly Variable-based Degree Day Template: A Spreadsheet Procedure Calculating a 3 Parameter Change-point Model for Residential or Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landman, D. S.; Haberl, J. S.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems, Inc. for the U. S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC05-84OR41200 ) Revised August 1996 p. 2 Abstract This report presents a spreadsheet procedure for calculating a variable-based degree day or three parameter change-point models using... College Station, TX p. 19 Acknowledgments Funding for this project was provided by the USDOE through Oak Ridge National Laboratory (Contract No. DE-AC05-840R41200) Significant input and project guidance was provided by Mr. Mike MacDonald, ORNL Project...

  8. DataRover: A Taxonomy Based Crawler for Automated Data Extraction from Data-Intensive Websites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davulcu, Hasan

    DataRover: A Taxonomy Based Crawler for Automated Data Extraction from Data-Intensive Websites H created a trend that brought thousands of catalogs online. Most of these websites are "taxonomy-directed". A Web site is said to be ``taxonomy- directed'' if it contains at least one taxonomy for organizing its

  9. Estimating Policy-Driven Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trajectories in California: The California Greenhouse Gas Inventory Spreadsheet (GHGIS) Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenblatt, Jeffery B.

    2013-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A California Greenhouse Gas Inventory Spreadsheet (GHGIS) model was developed to explore the impact of combinations of state policies on state greenhouse gas (GHG) and regional criteria pollutant emissions. The model included representations of all GHG- emitting sectors of the California economy (including those outside the energy sector, such as high global warming potential gases, waste treatment, agriculture and forestry) in varying degrees of detail, and was carefully calibrated using available data and projections from multiple state agencies and other sources. Starting from basic drivers such as population, numbers of households, gross state product, numbers of vehicles, etc., the model calculated energy demands by type (various types of liquid and gaseous hydrocarbon fuels, electricity and hydrogen), and finally calculated emissions of GHGs and three criteria pollutants: reactive organic gases (ROG), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and fine (2.5 ?m) particulate matter (PM2.5). Calculations were generally statewide, but in some sectors, criteria pollutants were also calculated for two regional air basins: the South Coast Air Basin (SCAB) and the San Joaquin Valley (SJV). Three scenarios were developed that attempt to model: (1) all committed policies, (2) additional, uncommitted policy targets and (3) potential technology and market futures. Each scenario received extensive input from state energy planning agencies, in particular the California Air Resources Board. Results indicate that all three scenarios are able to meet the 2020 statewide GHG targets, and by 2030, statewide GHG emissions range from between 208 and 396 MtCO2/yr. However, none of the scenarios are able to meet the 2050 GHG target of 85 MtCO2/yr, with emissions ranging from 188 to 444 MtCO2/yr, so additional policies will need to be developed for California to meet this stringent future target. A full sensitivity study of major scenario assumptions was also performed. In terms of criteria pollutants, targets were less well-defined, but while all three scenarios were able to make significant reductions in ROG, NOx and PM2.5 both statewide and in the two regional air basins, they may nonetheless fall short of what will be required by future federal standards. Specifically, in Scenario 1, regional NOx emissions are approximately three times the estimated targets for both 2023 and 2032, and in Scenarios 2 and 3, NOx emissions are approximately twice the estimated targets. Further work is required in this area, including detailed regional air quality modeling, in order to determine likely pathways for attaining these stringent targets.

  10. Interfaces Module March 28, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhoads, James

    the design solution for the physical interface o Kind of like a ConOps to the IRD · Explicitly identify

  11. Standard interface file handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shapiro, A.; Huria, H.C. (Cincinnati Univ., OH (United States))

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This handbook documents many of the standard interface file formats that have been adopted by the US Department of Energy to facilitate communications between and portability of, various large reactor physics and radiation transport software packages. The emphasis is on those files needed for use of the VENTURE/PC diffusion-depletion code system. File structures, contents and some practical advice on use of the various files are provided.

  12. Virtual button interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jones, Jake S. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus and method of issuing commands to a computer by a user interfacing with a virtual reality environment. To issue a command, the user directs gaze at a virtual button within the virtual reality environment, causing a perceptible change in the virtual button, which then sends a command corresponding to the virtual button to the computer, optionally after a confirming action is performed by the user, such as depressing a thumb switch.

  13. Virtual button interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jones, J.S.

    1999-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus and method of issuing commands to a computer by a user interfacing with a virtual reality environment are disclosed. To issue a command, the user directs gaze at a virtual button within the virtual reality environment, causing a perceptible change in the virtual button, which then sends a command corresponding to the virtual button to the computer, optionally after a confirming action is performed by the user, such as depressing a thumb switch. 4 figs.

  14. Novel Nanostructured Interface Solution for Automotive Thermoelectric...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Nanostructured Interface Solution for Automotive Thermoelectric Modules Application Novel Nanostructured Interface Solution for Automotive Thermoelectric Modules Application...

  15. Name of Institution Bryant University's Graduate School Website www.bryant.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Name of Institution Bryant University's Graduate School Website www.bryant.edu Programs Offered Master of Business Administration ( MBA ): Accredited by AACSB the Bryant MBA is offered as a one year

  16. Pleasenotethatthisisanauthor-producedPDFofanarticleacceptedforpublicationfollowingpeerreview.Thedefinitivepublisher-authenticatedversionisavailableonthepublisherWebsite Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -producedPDFofanarticleacceptedforpublicationfollowingpeerreview.Thedefinitivepublisher-authenticatedversionisavailableonthepublisherWebsite 1 Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research August 2013, Volume 264, Pages 72­84 http Author manuscript, published in "Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 264 (2013) 72-84" DOI

  17. atopic dermatitis-related websites: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 81 Poster Printing Instructions As specified on our website, Computer Technologies and Information...

  18. A guide to web content for Heriot-Watt University websites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howie, Jim

    1 A guide to web content for Heriot-Watt University websites #12;2 Contents A guide to web content..........................................................................................................................3 Why is writing for the web different?..........................................................................................3 Planning your web content

  19. Web Browser Interface (WBUI)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrincetonUsing Maps1DOETHE FUTUREBrowser Interface (WBUI)

  20. Web Service Interface (API)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrincetonUsing Maps1DOETHE FUTUREBrowser Interface

  1. Laparoscopic simulation interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Louis B.

    2006-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus for providing high bandwidth and low noise mechanical input and output for computer systems. A gimbal mechanism provides two revolute degrees of freedom to an object about two axes of rotation. A linear axis member is coupled to the gimbal mechanism at the intersection of the two axes of rotation. The linear axis member is capable of being translated along a third axis to provide a third degree of freedom. The user object is coupled to the linear axis member and is thus translatable along the third axis so that the object can be moved along all three degrees of freedom. Transducers associated with the provided degrees of freedom include sensors and actuators and provide an electromechanical interface between the object and a digital processing system. Capstan drive mechanisms transmit forces between the transducers and the object. The linear axis member can also be rotated about its lengthwise axis to provide a fourth degree of freedom, and, optionally, a floating gimbal mechanism is coupled to the linear axis member to provide fifth and sixth degrees of freedom to an object. Transducer sensors are associated with the fourth, fifth, and sixth degrees of freedom. The interface is well suited for simulations of medical procedures and simulations in which an object such as a stylus or a joystick is moved and manipulated by the user.

  2. Human-computer interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, Thomas G.

    2004-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides a method of human-computer interfacing. Force feedback allows intuitive navigation and control near a boundary between regions in a computer-represented space. For example, the method allows a user to interact with a virtual craft, then push through the windshield of the craft to interact with the virtual world surrounding the craft. As another example, the method allows a user to feel transitions between different control domains of a computer representation of a space. The method can provide for force feedback that increases as a user's locus of interaction moves near a boundary, then perceptibly changes (e.g., abruptly drops or changes direction) when the boundary is traversed.

  3. Surface and Interface Control on Photochemically Initiated Immobilizat...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Interface Control on Photochemically Initiated Immobilization . Surface and Interface Control on Photochemically Initiated Immobilization . Abstract: Surface and interface...

  4. CollageMachine: Model of ``Interface Ecology''

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohri, Mehryar

    CollageMachine: Model of ``Interface Ecology'' By Andruid Kerne dissertation submitted partial addresses browsing creatively, been co­developed with the metadisciplinary framework interface ecology, in addition inside them, open process without definite bounds. a metadiscipline, interface ecology brings

  5. Novel fluctuations at constrained interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abhishek Chaudhuri

    2006-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study we try to answer the qustion : What happens when explicit constraints are introduced such that the low energy, long wavelength modes of a system are unavailable ? This question has assumed some importance in recent years due to the advent of nano technology and the growing use of nanometer scale devices and structures. In a small system, the size limits the scale of the fluctuations and makes it imperative for us to understand how the response of the system is altered in such a situation. In this thesis, this question is answered for the special case of interfacial fluctuations in two dimensions (2d). The energy of an interface between two phases in equilibrium is invariant with respect to translations perpendicular to the plane (or line in 2d) of the interface. We study the consequence of breaking this symmetry explicity using an external field gradient. One expects that since low energy excitations are suppressed, the interface would be flat and inert at all times. We show that surprisingly there are novel fluctuations and phenomena associated with such constrained interfaces which have static as well as dynamic consequences. The Ising interface on a square lattice is shown to undergo a multitude of structural transitions as a function of velocity and the orientation. Liquid solid interfaces show coherent addition and removal of atomic layers providing novel mechanisms of stress relaxation in a nanosized single crystal without defects. We study momentum and energy transfer across the liquid solid interface in the presence of this ``layering'' transition.

  6. Electron Spectrometer: XPS with Laser Interface | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with Laser Interface Electron Spectrometer: XPS with Laser Interface This ultrahigh vacuum machine can be applied as a routine means for analyzing the structure and chemical...

  7. Interfacing to the Programmer's Apprentice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitman, Kent

    In this paper, we discuss the design of a user interface to the Knowledge Based Editor (KBE), a prototype implementation of the Programmer's Apprentice. Although internally quite sophisticated, the KBE hides most of its ...

  8. Proposal preparation Instructions for the proposal guidelines are posted on the LCLS user portal and website

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wechsler, Risa H.

    Proposal preparation Instructions for the proposal guidelines are posted on the LCLS user portal and website: lcls/users/proposals.html>. During the LCLS start-up phase, LCLS has and plans to continue to organize workshops focusing on the LCLS instruments to facilitate

  9. Check our website at: library.queensu.ca/research/guide/genealogy LIBRARY LOCATIONS & ACRONYMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    GENEALOGY Check our website at: library.queensu.ca/research/guide/genealogy LIBRARY LOCATIONS & ACRONYMS SL Stauffer Library OGS Ontario Genealogical Society Docs Government Documents, Stauffer Library) Kingston Public Library Genealogy Information: www.kfpl.ca/ and http://www.kfpl.ca/genealogy

  10. SEARCH RESOURCES BY CATEGORY Career Center website: www.cmu.edu/career

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGaughey, Alan

    SEARCH RESOURCES BY CATEGORY Career Center website: www.cmu.edu/career · INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS OR GOING ABROAD · MyVisaJobs.com To search for employers who hire international students www://www.postdocjobs.com/ o PhDs.org http://jobs.phds.org/ o REU (Research Experience for Undergraduates) Programs

  11. SEARCH RESOURCES BY CATEGORY Career Center website: www.cmu.edu/career

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGaughey, Alan

    SEARCH RESOURCES BY CATEGORY Career Center website: www.cmu.edu/career INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS OR GOING ABROAD o MyVisaJobs.com To search for employers who hire international students www://jobs.phds.org/ o REU (Research Experience for Undergraduates) Programs Undergraduate summer research projects

  12. Exploring the Benefits and Uses of Web Analytics Tools for Non-Transactional Websites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    Exploring the Benefits and Uses of Web Analytics Tools for Non-Transactional Websites Manya Sleeper web analytics tools to better understand their visitors for a range of purposes. However, there is lim- ited understanding of how owners of non-transactional web- sites use and benefit from web analytics

  13. General Relativity at an interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juan G. Diaz Ochoa

    2006-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work a simple toy model for a free interface between bulk phases in space and time is presented, derived from the balance equations for extensive thermodynamic variables of Meinhold-Heerlein. In this case the free interface represents geodesics in the space-time, allowing the derivation of the Einstein's equations for gravitational fields. The effect of the balance equation is examined and a simple expression for cold dark matter is derived. The thermodynamically meaning of this model is also discussed.

  14. OFFICIAL POLICY 10.17 / 3.2 Mobile Websites and Mobile Applications ("Apps") 08/01/12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasman, Alex

    OFFICIAL POLICY 10.17 / 3.2 Mobile Websites and Mobile Applications ("Apps") 08/01/12 Policy Statement All existing or proposed College of Charleston mobile website and mobile application ("apps/or the Android store), must be reviewed and approved by both Information Technology and the Division of Marketing

  15. Hybrid user interfaces : design guidelines and implementation examples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahn, Sehyun

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A hybrid user interface is a new type of computer user interface that achieves high usability by combining features of graphical user interfaces and command line interfaces. The main goal of a hybrid user interface is to ...

  16. PinBus Interface Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hammerstrom, Donald J.; Adgerson, Jewel D.; Sastry, Chellury; Pratt, Richard M.; Pratt, Robert G.

    2009-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    On behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy, PNNL has explored and expanded upon a simple control interface that might have merit for the inexpensive communication of smart grid operational objectives (demand response, for example) to small electric end-use devices and appliances. The approach relies on bi-directional communication via the electrical voltage states of from one to eight shared interconnection pins. The name PinBus has been suggested and adopted for the proposed interface protocol. The protocol is defined through the presentation of state diagrams and the pins’ functional definitions. Both simulations and laboratory demonstrations are being conducted to demonstrate the elegance and power of the suggested approach. PinBus supports a very high degree of interoperability across its interfaces, allowing innumerable pairings of devices and communication protocols and supporting the practice of practically any smart grid use case.

  17. Multi-robot control interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bruemmer, David J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Walton, Miles C. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2011-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods and systems for controlling a plurality of robots through a single user interface include at least one robot display window for each of the plurality of robots with the at least one robot display window illustrating one or more conditions of a respective one of the plurality of robots. The user interface further includes at least one robot control window for each of the plurality of robots with the at least one robot control window configured to receive one or more commands for sending to the respective one of the plurality of robots. The user interface further includes a multi-robot common window comprised of information received from each of the plurality of robots.

  18. Fluorescent fluid interface position sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Weiss, Jonathan D.

    2004-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A new fluid interface position sensor has been developed, which is capable of optically determining the location of an interface between an upper fluid and a lower fluid, the upper fluid having a larger refractive index than a lower fluid. The sensor functions by measurement, of fluorescence excited by an optical pump beam which is confined within a fluorescent waveguide where that waveguide is in optical contact with the lower fluid, but escapes from the fluorescent waveguide where that waveguide is in optical contact with the upper fluid.

  19. User interfaces to expert systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agarwal, A.; Emrich, M.L.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Expert Systems are becoming increasingly popular in environments where the user is not well versed in computers or the subject domain. They offer expert advice and can also explain their lines of reasoning. As these systems are applied to highly technical areas, they become complex and large. Therefore, User Systems Interfaces (USIs) become critical. This paper discusses recent technologies that can be applied to improved user communication. In particular, bar menus/graphics, mouse interfaces, touch screens, and voice links will be highlighted. Their applications in the context of SOFTMAN (The Software Manager Apprentice) a knowledge-based system are discussed. 18 refs., 2 figs.

  20. Technique for converting non-conforming hexahedral-to-hexahedral interfaces into conforming interfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Staten, Matthew L.; Shepherd, Jason F.; Ledoux, Frank; Shimada, Kenji; Merkley, Karl G.; Carbonera, Carlos

    2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A technique for conforming an interface between a first mesh and a second mesh is disclosed. A first interface surface in the first mesh and a second interface surface in the second mesh residing along the interface are identified. The first and second interface surfaces are initially non-conforming along the interface. Chords within the first and second interface surfaces that fall within a threshold separation distance of each other are paired. Sheets having chords that reside within the first or second interface surfaces are recursively inserted into or extracted from one or both of the first and second meshes until all remaining chords within the first interface surface are paired with corresponding chords in the second interface surface and all remaining chords within the second interface surface are paired with corresponding chords in the first interface surface.

  1. Interface Compilation: Steps toward Compiling Program Interfaces as Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engler, Dawson

    systems, programmers are limited to writing code, while the power to transform the code has been reserved Magik gives to programmers enables a broad class of optimization and code transformations. This paper's data structures and internally), operations on this state (defined by the interface's procedures

  2. The only official copy is on-line at the SHSD website. Before using a printed copy, verify that it is current by checking the document issue date on the website.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homes, Christopher C.

    Services Division - Industrial Hygiene Group Standard Operating Procedure Number: IH88500 Revision: Final on the website. BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY Safety & Health Services Division - Industrial Hygiene Group Services Division - Industrial Hygiene Group Standard Operating Procedure Number: IH88500 Revision: Fin

  3. CREST Cost of Renewable Energy Spreadsheet Tool: A Model for Developing Cost-Based Incentives in the United States; User Manual Version 4, August 2009 - March 2011 (Updated July 2013)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gifford, J. S.; Grace, R. C.

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this document is to help model users understand how to use the CREST model to support renewable energy incentives, FITs, and other renewable energy rate-setting processes. This user manual will walk the reader through the spreadsheet tool, including its layout and conventions, offering context on how and why it was created. This user manual will also provide instructions on how to populate the model with inputs that are appropriate for a specific jurisdiction's policymaking objectives and context. Finally, the user manual will describe the results and outline how these results may inform decisions about long-term renewable energy support programs.

  4. Kuali Financial System Implementation Collector Interface Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Graeme L.

    Kuali Financial System Implementation Collector Interface Meeting December 17, 2008 Presenters of the Kuali Financial System (KFS) Collector Interface Format Differences from FRS Answer your questions #12 Collector File collector

  5. Advanced Power Electronic Interfaces for Distributed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Advanced Power Electronic Interfaces for Distributed Energy Systems Part 2: Modeling, Development Electronic Interfaces for Distributed Energy Systems Part 2: Modeling, Development, and Experimental, and Experimental Evaluation of Advanced Control Functions for Single-Phase Utility-Connected Inverter S

  6. Seeing (and Hearing) is Believing! How Screen Capture Software Makes Website Usability Data a More Effective Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stark, Jeffrey; Goodwin, Susan

    2004-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Seeing (and Hearing) is Believing! How Screen Capture Software Makes Website Usability Data a More Effective Tool Susan Goodwin and Jeff Stark Texas A&M University Libraries ALA Poster Session, Summer 2004 Abstract Texas A&M University... Libraries has adopted screen capture software as a tool to assist with website usability studies. This poster session provides an introduction to the software package used to record the usability sessions in which volunteers were asked to complete specific...

  7. Atomistic modeling of dislocation-interface interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Jian [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Valone, Steven M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Beyerlein, Irene J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Misra, Amit [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Germann, T. C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Using atomic scale models and interface defect theory, we first classify interface structures into a few types with respect to geometrical factors, then study the interfacial shear response and further simulate the dislocation-interface interactions using molecular dynamics. The results show that the atomic scale structural characteristics of both heterophases and homophases interfaces play a crucial role in (i) their mechanical responses and (ii) the ability of incoming lattice dislocations to transmit across them.

  8. Compacted Soil Liner Interface Strength Importance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Case Study Compacted Soil Liner Interface Strength Importance Timothy D. Stark, F.ASCE1 ; Hangseok interface is not the geomembrane (GM)/compacted low-permeability soil liner (LPSL) but a soil­soil interface placing the cover soil from bottom to top. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606 .0000556. © 2012 American

  9. Web Interfaces 1 Python Scripts in Browsers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verschelde, Jan

    Web Interfaces 1 Python Scripts in Browsers the web server Apache processing forms with Python scripts Python code to write HTML 2 Web Interfaces for the Determinant dynamic interactive forms passing, 28 October 2013 Scientific Software (MCS 507 L-27) web interfaces 28 October 2013 1 / 42 #12;Web

  10. Adaptive Brain-Computer Interface Passive brain-computer interfaces are designed to use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boetticher, Gary D.

    Adaptive Brain-Computer Interface Abstract Passive brain-computer interfaces are designed to use brain activity as an additional input, allowing the adaptation of the interface in real time according to the user's mental state. While most current brain computer interface research (BCI) is designed for direct

  11. Heat transfer in soft nanoscale interfaces: the influence of interface curvature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kjelstrup, Signe

    Heat transfer in soft nanoscale interfaces: the influence of interface curvature Anders Lervik transient non-equilibrium molecular-dynamics simulations, heat-transfer through nanometer-scale interfaces processes. We show that the modeling of heat transfer across a nanodroplet/fluid interface requires

  12. Water Dynamics at Rough Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markus Rosenstihl; Kerstin Kämpf; Felix Klameth; Matthias Sattig; Michael Vogel

    2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We use molecular dynamics computer simulations and nuclear magnetic resonance experiments to investigate the dynamics of water at interfaces of molecular roughness and low mobility. We find that, when approaching such interfaces, the structural relaxation of water, i.e., the $\\alpha$ process, slows down even when specific attractive interactions are absent. This prominent effect is accompanied by a smooth transition from Vogel to Arrhenius temperature dependence and by a growing importance of jump events. Consistently, at protein surfaces, deviations from Arrhenius behavior are weak when free water does not exist. Furthermore, in nanoporous silica, a dynamic crossover of liquid water occurs when a fraction of solid water forms near 225 K and, hence, the liquid dynamics changes from bulk-like to interface-dominated. At sufficiently low temperatures, water exhibits a quasi-universal $\\beta$ process, which is characterized by an activation energy of $E_a\\!=\\!0.5$ eV and involves anisotropic reorientation about large angles. As a consequence of its large amplitude, the faster $\\beta$ process destroys essentially all orientational correlation, rendering observation of a possible slower $\\alpha$ process difficult in standard experiments. Nevertheless, we find indications for the existence of structural relaxation down to a glass transition of interfacial water near 185 K. Hydrated proteins show a highly restricted backbone motion with an amplitude, which decreases upon cooling and vanishes at comparable temperatures, providing evidence for a high relevance of water rearrangements in the hydration shell for secondary protein relaxations.

  13. Plastic flow in solids with interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anurag Gupta; David Steigmann

    2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A non-equilibrium theory of isothermal and diffusionless evolution of incoherent interfaces within a plastically deforming solid is developed. The irreversible dynamics of the interface are driven by its normal motion, incoherency (slip and misorientation), and an intrinsic plastic flow; and purely by plastic deformation in the bulk away from the interface. Using the continuum theory for defect distribution (in bulk and over the interface) we formulate a general kinematical framework, derive relevant balance laws and jump conditions, and prescribe a thermodynamically consistent constitutive/kinetic structure for interface evolution.

  14. Oil and Gas Company Oil and Gas Company Address Place Zip Website

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompany Oil and Gas Company Address Place Zip Website Abu

  15. New website will keep Portsmouth, Paducah Site stakeholders up to date |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015of 2005 attheMohammed KhanDepartment of Energy New website will keep

  16. Surface rheology and interface stability.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yaklin, Melissa A.; Cote, Raymond O.; Moffat, Harry K.; Grillet, Anne Mary; Walker, Lynn; Koehler, Timothy P.; Reichert, Matthew D. (Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA); Castaneda, Jaime N.; Mondy, Lisa Ann; Brooks, Carlton, F.

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have developed a mature laboratory at Sandia to measure interfacial rheology, using a combination of home-built, commercially available, and customized commercial tools. An Interfacial Shear Rheometer (KSV ISR-400) was modified and the software improved to increase sensitivity and reliability. Another shear rheometer, a TA Instruments AR-G2, was equipped with a du Nouey ring, bicone geometry, and a double wall ring. These interfacial attachments were compared to each other and to the ISR. The best results with the AR-G2 were obtained with the du Nouey ring. A Micro-Interfacial Rheometer (MIR) was developed in house to obtain the much higher sensitivity given by a smaller probe. However, it was found to be difficult to apply this technique for highly elastic surfaces. Interfaces also exhibit dilatational rheology when the interface changes area, such as occurs when bubbles grow or shrink. To measure this rheological response we developed a Surface Dilatational Rheometer (SDR), in which changes in surface tension with surface area are measured during the oscillation of the volume of a pendant drop or bubble. All instruments were tested with various surfactant solutions to determine the limitations of each. In addition, foaming capability and foam stability were tested and compared with the rheology data. It was found that there was no clear correlation of surface rheology with foaming/defoaming with different types of surfactants, but, within a family of surfactants, rheology could predict the foam stability. Diffusion of surfactants to the interface and the behavior of polyelectrolytes were two subjects studied with the new equipment. Finally, surface rheological terms were added to a finite element Navier-Stokes solver and preliminary testing of the code completed. Recommendations for improved implementation were given. When completed we plan to use the computations to better interpret the experimental data and account for the effects of the underlying bulk fluid.

  17. ampx master interface: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 401 Hawaii Bioenergy Master Plan Bioenergy Technology Renewable Energy Websites Summary: technology assessment was conducted as part of the...

  18. automated modelling interface: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    15.04.2010 2 Helluy, Philippe 46 Automated Verification of Model Transformations in the Automotive Industry Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary:...

  19. High Performance Thermal Interface Technology Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Linderman; T. Brunschwiler; B. Smith; B. Michel

    2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    An overview on recent developments in thermal interfaces is given with a focus on a novel thermal interface technology that allows the formation of 2-3 times thinner bondlines with strongly improved thermal properties at lower assembly pressures. This is achieved using nested hierarchical surface channels to control the particle stacking with highly particle-filled materials. Reliability testing with thermal cycling has also demonstrated a decrease in thermal resistance after extended times with longer overall lifetime compared to a flat interface.

  20. Flexible feature interface for multimedia sources

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Coffland, Douglas R. (Livermore, CA)

    2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A flexible feature interface for multimedia sources system that includes a single interface for the addition of features and functions to multimedia sources and for accessing those features and functions from remote hosts. The interface utilizes the export statement: export "C" D11Export void FunctionName(int argc, char ** argv,char * result, SecureSession *ctrl) or the binary equivalent of the export statement.

  1. Moment of Fluid Interface Reconstruction with Filaments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jemison, Matthew B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A moving system made up of multiple fluids (e.g. air and water) may be defined by an evolving interface with a changing topology. MOF uses a piecewise linear interface reconstruction to numerically model deforming boundaries. Given a volume fraction V and reference centroid x for a material in cell {Omega}, we seek to find an interface {Gamma} that exactly captures V and minimizes error in x. This differs from Volume of Fluid methods.

  2. summer term 2013 updates on our website: www.unicat.tu-berlin.de page 1 / 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nabben, Reinhard

    chemistry of divalent lanthanide and trivalent uranium complexes be catalytic ? Some insights from theory ­ Lecture Hall C 264, TU Berlin, Straße des 17. Juni 135, 10623 Berlin, Department of Chemistry, C Building of Organic Chemistry, Institute for Biological Interfaces (IBG2), Karlsruher Institute of Technology (KIT

  3. DISCRETE AND CONTINUOUS Website: http://aimSciences.org DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roytburd, Victor

    phase combustion also known as Self-propagating High- temperature Synthesis (SHS) generates a remarkable reactions propagating through mixtures of fine elemental reactant powders, resulting in the synthesis is that the presence of the additional temperature field behind the propagating interface (in the product phase

  4. Elastic Wave Behavior Across Linear Slip Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoenberg, M.

    plane waves incident at arbitrary angles upon a plane linear slip interface are computed ... Also included in these sections is an analysis ... ish, Ut is of the form.

  5. Contested Material Interface Shows Mixing | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    EMSL, scientists from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and University College London have shown that intermixing occurs at the interface of two perovskites - lanthanum...

  6. Message Passing Interface for Python 1 the Message Passing Interface (MPI)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verschelde, Jan

    Message Passing Interface for Python 1 the Message Passing Interface (MPI) MPI and MPI for Python, and gather processing numpy arrays 3 Probing for Messages nonblocking communications MCS 507 Lecture 38 L-38) MPI for Python 22 November 2013 1 / 37 #12;Message Passing Interface for Python 1 the Message

  7. The Toom Interface Via Coupling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nick Crawford; Wojciech de Roeck

    2015-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a one dimensional interacting particle system which describes the effective interface dynamics of the two dimensional Toom model at low temperature and noise. We prove a number of basic properties of this model. First we consider the dynamics on a half open finite interval $[1, N)$, bounding the mixing time from above by $2N$. Then we consider the model defined on the integers. Due to infinite range interaction, this is a non-Feller process that we can define starting from product Bernoulli measures with density $p \\in (0, 1)$, but not from arbitrary measures. We show, under a modest technical condition, that the only possible invariant measures are those product Bernoulli measures. We further show that the unique stationary measure on $[-k, \\infty)$ converges weakly to a product Bernoulli measure on $\\Z$ as $k \\rightarrow \\infty$.

  8. Conduction at a ferroelectric interface

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Marshall, Matthew S. J.; Malashevich, Andrei; Disa, Ankit S.; Han, Myung-Guen; Chen, Hanghui; Zhu, Yimei; Ismail-Beigi, Sohrab; Walker, Frederick J.; Ahn, Charles H.

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Typical logic elements utilizing the field effect rely on the change in carrier concentration due to the field in the channel region of the device. Ferroelectric-field-effect devices provide a nonvolatile version of this effect due to the stable polarization order parameter in the ferroelectric. In this work, we describe an oxide/ oxide ferroelectric heterostructure device based on (001)-oriented PbZr??.?Ti?.?O?-LaNiO? where the dominant change in conductivity is a result of a significant mobility change in the interfacial channel region. The effect is confined to a few atomic layers at the interface and is reversible by switching the ferroelectric polarization. More interestingly,more »in one polarization state, the field effect induces a 1.7-eV shift of the interfacial bands to create a new conducting channel in the interfacial PbO layer of the ferroelectric.« less

  9. Conduction at a ferroelectric interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marshall, Matthew S. J. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Malashevich, Andrei [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Disa, Ankit S. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Han, Myung-Guen [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Chen, Hanghui [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Zhu, Yimei [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Ismail-Beigi, Sohrab [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Walker, Frederick J. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Ahn, Charles H. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States);

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Typical logic elements utilizing the field effect rely on the change in carrier concentration due to the field in the channel region of the device. Ferroelectric-field-effect devices provide a nonvolatile version of this effect due to the stable polarization order parameter in the ferroelectric. In this work, we describe an oxide/ oxide ferroelectric heterostructure device based on (001)-oriented PbZr??.?Ti?.?O?-LaNiO? where the dominant change in conductivity is a result of a significant mobility change in the interfacial channel region. The effect is confined to a few atomic layers at the interface and is reversible by switching the ferroelectric polarization. More interestingly, in one polarization state, the field effect induces a 1.7-eV shift of the interfacial bands to create a new conducting channel in the interfacial PbO layer of the ferroelectric.

  10. Glass Transition, Cooperativity and Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salez, Thomas; Dalnoki-Veress, Kari; Raphaël, Elie; Forrest, James A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a minimal theory of glass formation based on the physical ideas of molecular crowding and resultant cooperative motion, and address the effects of free interfaces on dynamics. First, we obtain a simple scaling expression for the diverging number of particles taking part in bulk cooperative relaxation as the system approaches kinetic arrest, and in doing so provide a robust derivation of the Adam and Gibbs description of cooperative dynamics. Then, by including thermal expansivity of the material, the Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann relation is derived. Moreover, we predict a temperature-dependent expression for the cooperative length $\\xi$ of bulk relaxation, and explore the influence of sample boundaries on the glassy dynamics when the system size becomes comparable to $\\xi$. The theory is in full agreement with measurements of the glass transition temperature of thin polystyrene films. This agreement comes with two adjustable parameters, the critical interparticle distance and the Vogel temperature. Alth...

  11. Interface dynamics for layered structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takao Ohta; David Jasnow

    1997-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate dynamics of large scale and slow deformations of layered structures. Starting from the respective model equations for a non-conserved system, a conserved system and a binary fluid, we derive the interface equations which are a coupled set of equations for deformations of the boundaries of each domain. A further reduction of the degrees of freedom is possible for a non-conserved system such that internal motion of each domain is adiabatically eliminated. The resulting equation of motion contains only the displacement of the center of gravity of domains, which is equivalent to the phase variable of a periodic structure. Thus our formulation automatically includes the phase dynamics of layered structures. In a conserved system and a binary fluid, however, the internal motion of domains turns out to be a slow variable in the long wavelength limit because of concentration conservation. Therefore a reduced description only involving the phase variable is not generally justified.

  12. Nanofluidics, from bulk to interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyderic Bocquet; Elisabeth Charlaix

    2009-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanofluidics has emerged recently in the footsteps of microfluidics, following the quest of scale reduction inherent to nanotechnologies. By definition, nanofluidics explores transport phenomena of fluids at the nanometer scales. Why is the nanometer scale specific ? What fluid properties are probed at nanometric scales ? In other words, why 'nanofluidics' deserves its own brand name ? In this critical review, we will explore the vast manifold of length scales emerging for the fluid behavior at the nanoscales, as well as the associated mechanisms and corresponding applications. We will in particular explore the interplay between bulk and interface phenomena. The limit of validity of the continuum approaches will be discussed, as well as the numerous surface induced effects occuring at these scales, from hydrodynamic slippage to the various electro-kinetic phenomena originating from the couplings between hydrodynamics and electrostatics. An enlightening analogy between ion transport in nanochannels and transport in doped semi-conductors will be discussed.

  13. The only official copy is on-line at the SHSD IH Group website. Before using a printed copy, verify that it is current by checking the document issue date on the website.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homes, Christopher C.

    Services Division - Industrial Hygiene Group Standard Operating Procedure Number IH103900 Revision Final is implemented through the SHSD Industrial Hygiene Group. 2.2 Data Quality Control procedures: The Sampler issue date on the website. BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY Safety & Health Services Division - Industrial

  14. The only official copy is on-line at the SHSD IH Group website. Before using a printed copy, verify that it is current by checking the document issue date on the website.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homes, Christopher C.

    Services Division - INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE GROUP Standard Operating Procedure Number IH62400 Revision Final Rev Industrial Hygiene Group. 3.0 Definitions Airfoil: Located along the bottom of the sash opening issue date on the website. BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY Safety & Health Services Division - INDUSTRIAL

  15. A simple OASIS interface E. Maisonnave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A simple OASIS interface for CESM E. Maisonnave TR/CMGC/11/63 #12;#12;Index Strategy............................................................................................. 7 Annex 1: OASIS3 interface implementation on CESM..................................... 9 Annex 2. Taking advantage of the IS-ENES OASIS Dedicated User Support program, a COSMO/CLM coupling framework has

  16. OASIS4 coupling interface implementation on ETHZ'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OASIS4 coupling interface implementation on ETHZ' land-atmosphere coupled model E. Maisonnave WN 9 2010 at ETH, Zürich(Switzerland), I implement and validate an OASIS4 interface for a regional) and a land scheme (CLM, NCAR) model have been coupled with OASIS4, at low resolution on a MPP scalar machine

  17. Internal and Interface Shear Strength of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    1 Internal and Interface Shear Strength of Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCLs): Additional Data by John Liners (GCLs): Additional Data Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCLs) are prefabricated geocomposite materials., Zornberg, Jorge G., and Swan, Jr., Robert H. Internal and Interface Shear Strength of Geosynthetic Clay

  18. Model Checking User Interfaces Abigail Cauchi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Gordon J.

    Model Checking User Interfaces Abigail Cauchi Dept of Computer Science University of Malta acau0004@um.edu.mt Gordon Pace Dept of Computer Science University of Malta gordon.pace@um.edu.mt Sandro Spina Dept of Computer Science University of Malta sandro.spina@um.edu.mt Abstract User interfaces

  19. Intelligent interface for design and simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Draisin, W.; Peter, E.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We are developing a system composed of intelligent interfaces, expert systems, and databases that uses artificial intelligence techniques to simplify the use of large simulation codes and to help design complicated physical devices. The simulation codes are used in analyzing and designing weapons, and the devices are themselves parts of weapon systems. From a designer's point of view, the simulation process is the same no matter what is being simulated. In the course of developing two intelligent interfaces for the design of nuclear weapons, we have found that data-driven programming is a useful technique for implementing an open-ended user interface to assist the designer. We discuss the simulation process as it is done now and as it could be done with intelligent interfaces. We then discuss the use of data-driven programming in a database environment to support an interface for an arbitrary number of simulation codes. 3 figs.

  20. AmeriFlux Network Data from the ORNL AmeriFlux Website

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The AmeriFlux network was established in 1996 to provide continuous observations of ecosystem level exchanges of CO2, water, energy and momentum spanning diurnal, synoptic, seasonal, and interannual time scales. It is fed by sites from North America, Central America, and South America. DOE's CDIAC stores and maintains AmeriFlux data, and this web site explains the different levels of data available there, with links to the CDIAC ftp site. A separate web-based data interface is also provided; it allows users to graph, query, and download Level 2 data for up to four sites at a time. Data may be queried by site, measurement period, or parameter. More than 550 site-years of level 2 data are available from AmeriFlux sites through the interface.

  1. Friction Stir Welding Download the files fswss.txt and fswdyn.txt from the course website. These files contain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landers, Robert G.

    Friction Stir Welding QUESTION 1 Download the files fswss.txt and fswdyn.txt from the course website. These files contain experimental data from a friction stir welding process of 6061 aluminum 0 2 1 0 F z b z b d z z a z a + = + + (3) #12;Friction Stir Welding QUESTION 2 Download the files

  2. European biofuel plans could spell disaster -environmentalresearchweb A community website from IOP Publishing Sign in Forgotten your password? Sign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    European biofuel plans could spell disaster - environmentalresearchweb A community website from IOP. Corporate Partners Sustainable Futures Dec 17, 2007 European biofuel plans could spell disaster European Union plans to increase the use of biofuels could spell disaster for some of the world's poorest people

  3. ANU Library anulib.anu.edu.au/training ilp@anu.edu.au Navigating the ANU Library Website

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , theses, reference materials, etc. By entering your keywords and terms into the search box on the Library journal and newspaper articles, print and electronic books, websites, etc. Enter your search terms by subject basis, and can be accessed by searching the Library catalogue, e-journal and e-resources databases

  4. Novel method for the prediction of an interface bonding species at alumina/metal interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoshitake, Michiko, E-mail: yoshitake.michiko@nims.go.jp; Yagyu, Shinjiro [National Institute for Materials Science, 3-13, Sakura, Tsukuba 305-0003 (Japan); Chikyow, Toyohiro [National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1, Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044 (Japan)

    2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Interface bonding between alumina and various metals is discussed from the viewpoint of chemical thermodynamics. A method to predict the interface bonding species at an alumina/metal interface under equilibrium conditions is proposed by using the concept of chemical equilibrium for interface termination. The originality of this method is in the way a simple estimation of the interface binding energy, which is generally applicable to most metals, is developed. The effectiveness of this method is confirmed by careful examination of the experimental results. Comparison of the predicted and experimentally observed interface terminations reveals that the proposed method agrees well with the reported results. The method uses only basic quantities of pure elements and the formation enthalpy of oxides. Therefore, it can be applied to most metals in the periodic table and is useful for screening materials in the quest to develop interfaces with particular functions.

  5. Guidelines for Vocal Tract Development Lab (VT Lab) team members to access the VT Lab WebSpace via the VT Lab website

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vorperian, Houri K.

    Guidelines for Vocal Tract Development Lab (VT Lab) team members to access the VT Lab WebSpace via the VT Lab website The VTLab WebSpace is a new and improved mechanism for VT lab team members to share files. We are replacing the former Member Login section of our website with MyWeb Space (developed by Do

  6. Thermodynamic and morphological transitions in crystalline and soft material interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Ming, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interfaces are defects present in all materials. Interface transitions are characterized by abrupt changes in interface structure, chemistry and/or morphology under suitable conditions. They exist in many material systems ...

  7. Direct Manipulation for Comprehensible, Predictable and Controllable User Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golbeck, Jennifer

    Direct Manipulation for Comprehensible, Predictable and Controllable User Interfaces Ben that are comprehensible, predictable and controllable. Direct manipulation interfaces are seen as more likely candidates Research University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 Abstract: Direct manipulation user interfaces have

  8. Improved performance of railcar/rail truck interface components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Story, Brett Alan

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this research is to improve the railcar/rail truck interface by developing a low maintenance bearing interface with a favorable friction coefficient. Friction and wear at the center bowl/center plate bearing interface cause high...

  9. Improved performance of railcar/rail truck interface components 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Story, Brett Alan

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this research is to improve the railcar/rail truck interface by developing a low maintenance bearing interface with a favorable friction coefficient. Friction and wear at the center bowl/center plate bearing interface cause high...

  10. Capillary migration of microdisks on curved interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu Yao; Nima Sharifi-Mood; Iris B. Liu; Kathleen J. Stebe

    2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The capillary energy landscape for particles on curved fluid interfaces is strongly influenced by the particle wetting conditions. Contact line pinning has now been widely reported for colloidal particles, but its implications in capillary interactions have not been addressed. Here, we present experiment and analysis for disks with pinned contact lines on curved fluid interfaces. In experiment, we study microdisk migration on a host interface with zero mean curvature; the microdisks have contact lines pinned at their sharp edges and are sufficiently small that gravitational effects are negligible. The disks migrate away from planar regions toward regions of steep curvature with capillary energies inferred from the dissipation along particle trajectories which are linear in the deviatoric curvature. We derive the curvature capillary energy for an interface with arbitrary curvature, and discuss each contribution to the expression. By adsorbing to a curved interface, a particle eliminates a patch of fluid interface and perturbs the surrounding interface shape. Analysis predicts that perfectly smooth, circular disks do not migrate, and that nanometric deviations from a planar circular, contact line, like those around a weakly roughened planar disk, will drive migration with linear dependence on deviatoric curvature, in agreement with experiment.

  11. PFP Interface identification and management planning guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SINCLAIR, J.C.

    1999-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of-this planning guide is to present the process used to identify, document, and control PFP Stabilization and Deactivation Project interfaces. Revisions to this document will include, as attachments, the most recent version of the Project Interface Management List. A preliminary Interface Management List is included in Appendix A. This document is intended be a Project owned management tool. As such, this document will periodically require revisions resulting from improvements of the information, processes, and techniques as now described. For most revisions that suggest improved processes, PFP management approval is all that will be required.

  12. Electrode/electrolyte interface. A status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bard, A.J. (Univ. of Texas, Austin (United States)); Abruna, H.D. (Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)); Chidsey, C.E. (Stanford Univ., CA (United States)); Faulkner, L.R. (Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign (United States)); Feldberg, S.W. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)); Itaya, Kingo (Tohoku Univ., Sendai (Japan)); Majda, M. (Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States)); Melroy, O. (IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose, CA (United States)); Murray, R.W. (Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (United States)); Porter, M.D. (Iowa State Univ., Ames (United States)); Soriaga, M.P. (Texas A M Univ., College Station (United States)); White, H.S. (Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City (United States))

    1993-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a report of a workshop on the [open quotes]state of the art[close quotes] and potential future directions in the study of the electrode/electrolyte interface. Recent advances in experimental capabilities of characterizing the structure of the interface, e.g., through the use of such techniques as scanning tunneling microscopy and X-ray methods, are described. New approaches to studies of interfacial dynamics and materials aspects of the electrode/electrolyte interface are also discussed. 346 refs., 17 figs.

  13. Ionic Liquid-Enhanced Solid State Electrolyte Interface (SEI...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Liquid-Enhanced Solid State Electrolyte Interface (SEI) for Lithium Sulfur Batteries. Ionic Liquid-Enhanced Solid State Electrolyte Interface (SEI) for Lithium Sulfur Batteries....

  14. SVG for Automotive User Interfaces Dr. Sbastien Boisgrault

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ................................................................................................................. 1 EDONA and Human-Machine Interface Design for the Automotive Industry1 SVG for Automotive User Interfaces Dr. Sébastien Boisgérault .................................................................................................... 7 SVG standards for automotive HMI modeling

  15. Water Structure at Hematite-Water Interfaces. | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Structure at Hematite-Water Interfaces. Water Structure at Hematite-Water Interfaces. Abstract: The atomic-level structure of water at mineral surfaces is an important controlling...

  16. Integration of Advanced Materials and Interfaces for Durable...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Advanced Materials and Interfaces for Durable Thermoelectric Automobile Exhaust Waste Heat Harvesting Devices Integration of Advanced Materials and Interfaces for Durable...

  17. Interface-induced magnetism in perovskite quantum wells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Clayton A; Stemmer, Susanne

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    INTERFACE-INDUCED MAGNETISM IN PEROVSKITE . . . PHYSICALR) (2013) Interface-induced magnetism in perovskite quantumelectron gases, and magnetism can all be found in a single

  18. Advanced Thermal Interface Materials (TIMs) for Power Electronics...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Interface Materials (TIMs) for Power Electronics Advanced Thermal Interface Materials (TIMs) for Power Electronics 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual...

  19. Is the Calcite-Water Interface Understood? Direct Comparisons...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Is the Calcite-Water Interface Understood? Direct Comparisons of Molecular Dynamics Simulations with Specular X-ray Reflectivity Is the Calcite-Water Interface Understood? Direct...

  20. Emergent Phenomena at Oxide Interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hwang, H.Y.

    2012-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Transition metal oxides (TMOs) are an ideal arena for the study of electronic correlations because the s-electrons of the transition metal ions are removed and transferred to oxygen ions, and hence the strongly correlated d-electrons determine their physical properties such as electrical transport, magnetism, optical response, thermal conductivity, and superconductivity. These electron correlations prohibit the double occupancy of metal sites and induce a local entanglement of charge, spin, and orbital degrees of freedom. This gives rise to a variety of phenomena, e.g., Mott insulators, various charge/spin/orbital orderings, metal-insulator transitions, multiferroics, and superconductivity. In recent years, there has been a burst of activity to manipulate these phenomena, as well as create new ones, using oxide heterostructures. Most fundamental to understanding the physical properties of TMOs is the concept of symmetry of the order parameter. As Landau recognized, the essence of phase transitions is the change of the symmetry. For example, ferromagnetic ordering breaks the rotational symmetry in spin space, i.e., the ordered phase has lower symmetry than the Hamiltonian of the system. There are three most important symmetries to be considered here. (i) Spatial inversion (I), defined as r {yields} -r. In the case of an insulator, breaking this symmetry can lead to spontaneous electric polarization, i.e. ferroelectricity, or pyroelectricity once the point group belongs to polar group symmetry. (ii) Time-reversal symmetry (T) defined as t {yields} -t. In quantum mechanics, the time-evolution of the wave-function {Psi} is given by the phase factor e{sup -iEt/{h_bar}} with E being the energy, and hence time-reversal basically corresponds to taking the complex conjugate of the wave-function. Also the spin, which is induced by the 'spinning' of the particle, is reversed by time-reversal. Broken T-symmetry is most naturally associated with magnetism, since the spin operator changes sign with T-operation. (iii) Gauge symmetry (G), which is associated with a change in the phase of the wave-function as {Psi} {yields} e{sup i{theta}}{Psi}. Gauge symmetry is connected to the law of charge conservation, and broken G-symmetry corresponds to superconductivity/superfluidity. To summarize, the interplay among these electronic degrees of freedom produces various forms of symmetry breaking patterns of I, T, and G, leading to novel emergent phenomena, which can appear only by the collective behavior of electrons and cannot be expected from individual electrons. Figure 1 shows this schematically by means of several representative phenomena. From this viewpoint, the interfaces of TMOs offer a unique and important laboratory because I is already broken by the structure itself, and the detailed form of broken I-symmetry can often be designed. Also, two-dimensionality usually enhances the effects of electron correlations by reducing their kinetic energy. These two features of oxide interfaces produce many novel effects and functions that cannot be attained in bulk form. Given that the electromagnetic responses are a major source of the physical properties of solids, and new gauge structures often appear in correlated electronic systems, we put 'emergent electromagnetism' at the center of Fig. 1.

  1. High Integrity Can Design Interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shaber, E.L.

    1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Spent Nuclear Fuel Program is chartered with facilitating the disposition of DOE-owned spent nuclear fuel to allow disposal at a geologic repository. This is done through coordination with the repository program and by assisting DOE Site owners of SNF with needed information, standardized requirements, packaging approaches, etc. The High Integrity Can (HIC) will be manufactured to provide a substitute or barrier enhancement for normal fuel geometry and cladding. The can would be nested inside the DOE standardized canister which is designed to interface with the repository waste package. The HIC approach may provide the following benefits over typical canning approaches for DOE SNF. (a) It allows ready calculation and management of criticality issues for miscellaneous. (b) It segments and further isolates damaged or otherwise problem materials from normal SNF in the repository package. (c) It provides a very long term corrosion barrier. (d) It provides an extra internal pressure barrier for particulates, gaseous fission products, hydrogen, and water vapor. (e) It delays any potential release of fission products to the repository environment. (f) It maintains an additional level of fuel geometry control during design basis accidents, rock-fall, and seismic events. (g) When seal welded, it could provide the additional containment required for shipments involving plutonium content in excess of 20 Ci. (10 CFR 71.63.b) if integrated with an appropriate cask design. Long term corrosion protection is central to the HIC concept. The material selected for the HIC (Hastelloy C-22) has undergone extensive testing for repository service. The most severe theoretical interactions between iron, repository water containing chlorides and other repository construction materials have been tested. These expected chemical species have not been shown capable of corroding the selected HIC material. Therefore, the HIC should provide a significant barrier to DOE SNF dispersal long after most commercial SNF has degraded and begun moving into the repository environment.

  2. Activity based interfaces in online social networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laraqui, Jawad

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the project is to explore how activity-based interfaces can create more meaningful experiences for the users and builders of online social networking sites. Medina, a social-networking site based on the idea ...

  3. Autonomous pedestrian interfaces for community networking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonanni, Leonardo Amerigo, 1977-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Efforts to bridge the digital divide have concentrated on community computer centers dependent on subsidy and constant supervision. This thesis considers the design of public digital interfaces that are physically and ...

  4. Film bonded fuel cell interface configuration

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kaufman, Arthur (West Orange, NJ); Terry, Peter L. (Chatham, NJ)

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention relates to improved elements for use in fuel cell stacks, and more particularly, to a stack having a corrosion-resistant, electrally conductive, fluid-impervious interface member therein.

  5. Electrical interfaces for electromechanical and energy systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaney, Rachel M

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The design, construction, and testing of a versatile robot driver circuit is described. The printed circuit board produced can be used as an interface between any two-motor robot and the R31-JP, an eight-bit microcontroller ...

  6. Vibrational sum frequency study on biological interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Soon Mi

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    , which is related to molecular orientation. Since the polarizabilities of molecules in bulk phase will be canceled out, a sum frequency signal can only be generated from interfaces where the inversion symmetry is broken. Because of its interfacial...

  7. From corrosion to batteries: Electrochemical interface studies...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    From corrosion to batteries: Electrochemical interface studies Thursday, October 18, 2012 - 11:00am SSRL, Bldg. 137, Rm 226 Dr. Frank Uwe Renner Max-Planck-Institut fr...

  8. BE 780: Brain Machine Interfaces Spring 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vajda, Sandor

    BE 780: Brain Machine Interfaces Spring 2013 Instructor: Jason Ritt the readings for an assigned class. Homework 30% Mid-semester Report 30, code, or files of any kind. Reports and final projects must

  9. Engineering nanocarbon interfaces for electron transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hilmer, Andrew J. (Andrew Joseph)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron-transfer reactions at nanometer-scale interfaces, such as those presented by single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), are important for emerging optoelectronic and photovoltaic technologies. Electron transfer also ...

  10. GSS, a user interface specification framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, John Graham

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    composite of four boxes. 24 Figure 7. A congguration set of three advisory lights, 25 Figure 8. Three airplane icon template example. 26 Figurc 9. Image abstraction manipulation. Figure 10. Rotation about a moving origin. Figure 11. A Symbolic's dynamic... in terms of the small set of con- cepts which make up the ontology. So far, duce issues have been addressed which relate to concept development for a user inter- face ontology: 15 ~ a methodology, ~ gross user interface behavior, ~ user interface...

  11. Comparison of methods to quantify interface trap densities at dielectric/IIIV semiconductor interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stemmer, Susanne

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    high-k/III-V interface. 2 Meth- ods to determine the D it ofand capacitance based meth- ods. The dopant concentration

  12. AMIDAS-II: Upgrade of the AMIDAS Package and Website for Direct Dark Matter Detection Experiments and Phenomenology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung-Lin Shan

    2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we give a detailed user's guide to the AMIDAS (A Model-Independent Data Analysis System) package and website, which is developed for online simulations and data analyses for direct Dark Matter detection experiments and phenomenology. Recently, the whole AMIDAS package and website system has been upgraded to the second phase: AMIDAS-II, for including the new developed Bayesian analysis technique. AMIDAS has the ability to do full Monte Carlo simulations as well as to analyze real/pseudo data sets either generated by another event generating programs or recorded in direct DM detection experiments. Moreover, the AMIDAS-II package can include several "user-defined" functions into the main code: the (fitting) one-dimensional WIMP velocity distribution function, the nuclear form factors for spin-independent and spin-dependent cross sections, artificial/experimental background spectrum for both of simulation and data analysis procedures, as well as different distribution functions needed in Bayesian analyses.

  13. NREL's Controllable Grid Interface for Testing Renewable Energy Technologies (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gevorgian, V.

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation is an overview of NREL's Controllable Grid Interface capabilities for testing renewable energy technologies.

  14. An interface tracking model for droplet electrocoalescence.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erickson, Lindsay Crowl

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes an Early Career Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project to develop an interface tracking model for droplet electrocoalescence. Many fluid-based technologies rely on electrical fields to control the motion of droplets, e.g. microfluidic devices for high-speed droplet sorting, solution separation for chemical detectors, and purification of biodiesel fuel. Precise control over droplets is crucial to these applications. However, electric fields can induce complex and unpredictable fluid dynamics. Recent experiments (Ristenpart et al. 2009) have demonstrated that oppositely charged droplets bounce rather than coalesce in the presence of strong electric fields. A transient aqueous bridge forms between approaching drops prior to pinch-off. This observation applies to many types of fluids, but neither theory nor experiments have been able to offer a satisfactory explanation. Analytic hydrodynamic approximations for interfaces become invalid near coalescence, and therefore detailed numerical simulations are necessary. This is a computationally challenging problem that involves tracking a moving interface and solving complex multi-physics and multi-scale dynamics, which are beyond the capabilities of most state-of-the-art simulations. An interface-tracking model for electro-coalescence can provide a new perspective to a variety of applications in which interfacial physics are coupled with electrodynamics, including electro-osmosis, fabrication of microelectronics, fuel atomization, oil dehydration, nuclear waste reprocessing and solution separation for chemical detectors. We present a conformal decomposition finite element (CDFEM) interface-tracking method for the electrohydrodynamics of two-phase flow to demonstrate electro-coalescence. CDFEM is a sharp interface method that decomposes elements along fluid-fluid boundaries and uses a level set function to represent the interface.

  15. User interface design for an automated part recognition system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avitts, Tommie Annette

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the inclusion of an interface following the guidelines set forth in Human Interface Guidelines: The Apple Desktop Interface (Apple Computer, 1987) in this study. Figure 1 is a screen image showing the menu bar (top of screen) of the Menu interface designed.... , San Jacinto College; B. S. , Stephen F. Austin State University Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. Deborah A. Mitta Dr. R. Dale Huchingson This research involved the design and usability evaluation of five user-computer interfaces developed...

  16. Adsorption of polymer chains at penetrable interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerasimchuk, I. V., E-mail: igor.gera@gmail.com [National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, Institute of Magnetism (Ukraine); Sommer, J.-U. [Leibniz Institute of Polymer Research Dresden e.V. (Germany); Gerasimchuk, V. S. [National Technical University of Ukraine 'Kyiv Polytechnic Institute' (Ukraine)

    2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the problem of adsorption (localization) of polymer chains in the system of two penetrable interfaces within the mean-field approximation. The saturation of the polymer system in the limit case of zero bulk concentration is studied. We find the exact solution of this mean-field polymer adsorption problem that opens the possibility to treat various localization problems for polymer chains in such environments using appropriate boundary conditions. The exact solution is controlled by a single scaling variable that describes the coupling between the interfaces due to the polymer chains. We obtain a nonmonotonic behavior of the amount of adsorbed polymers as a function of the distance between the interfaces. This leads to a high-energy and a low-energy phase for the double layer with respect to the amount of polymers localized. At the saturation point, we find the total energy of the system and determine the force acting between the interfaces to be strictly attractive and to monotonically decay to zero when the interface distance increases.

  17. Implications of interface conventions for morphometric thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas Reindl; Markus Bier; S. Dietrich

    2015-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Several model fluids in contact with planar, spherical, and cylindrical walls are investigated for small number densities within density functional theory. The dependence of the solid-fluid interfacial tension on the curvature of spherical and cylindrical walls is examined and compared with the corresponding expression derived within the framework of morphometric thermodynamics. Particular attention is paid to the implications of the choice of the interface location, which underlies the definition of the interfacial tension. We find that morphometric thermodynamics is never exact for the considered systems and that its quality as an approximation depends sensitively on the choice of the interface location.

  18. A user interface for representing physical systems across energy domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Heather Lynn

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for State Transition Diagrams . . 3. 2 Object Oriented Interfaces 3. 3 Graphic Interfaces 3. 3. 1 Early Days of Graphic Interfaces 3. 3. 2 Menu Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. 3. 3 Icons 3. 3. 4 Examples of Graphical Interfaces 3. 4 Summary... Explanation of Interface Via Transition Diagrams 4. 2 Programming Environment 4. 2. 1 Programming Platform 4. 2. 2 Example Source Code 4. 2. 3 System Features of BoGIS 4. 3 Graphical Interface for BoGIS 4. 3. 1 Screen Layout 4. 3. 2 Icons 4. 3. 3 Using...

  19. Sliding Interfaces for Eddy Current Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiptmair, Ralf

    Sliding Interfaces for Eddy Current Simulations Raffael Casagrande Master Thesis Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Ralf Hiptmair Zürich, April 2013 #12;Contents Contents i 1. Introduction 1 2. Eddy Current-formulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.4. The eddy current problem in a moving, solid body . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3. Discontinuous

  20. Exploratory Search Interfaces to Support Image Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shneiderman, Ben

    Director (1983-2000), Human-Computer Interaction Lab Professor, Department of Computer Science MemberExploratory Search Interfaces to Support Image Discovery Ben Shneiderman ben@cs.umd.edu Founding;Interdisciplinary research community - Computer Science & Psychology - Information Studies & Education (www

  1. COMMUNICATION Protein Chemistry at Membrane Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Stephen

    of hydrophobic (ÁGHÈ) and electrostatic (ÁGES) free energies. If these are simply addi- tive, then the observed free energy of binding (ÁGobs) will be given by ÁGobs ÁGHÈ ÁGES, where ÁGHÈ À sNPANP and ÁGES z suggest that hydrophobic and electrostatic binding free energies of proteins at membrane interfaces

  2. A Secure Cryptographic Token Interface Christian Cachin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cachin, Christian

    Module [26] found in many personal computers, to high-security HSMs used by the finance industry such as IBM's 4764 cryptoprocessor [18]. Two prominent token interfaces used in industry are PKCS #11 [25 of California, Los Angeles, Department of Computer Science, 3714 Boelter Hall, Los Angeles CA 90095, USA

  3. Taming the Plasma-Material Interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demo R&D: Taming the Plasma- Material Interface Rob Goldston #12;Outline · PMI-Based Mission Risks) · National High-Power Advanced Torus Experiment (NHTX) version of PMIF #12;PMI Mission Risks - I 1 facing surface. #12;PMI Mission Risks - II 5. Steady heat and particle loads result in unacceptable power

  4. SCATTERING BY CRACKS BENEATH FLUIDSOLID INTERFACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Craster, Richard

    parameters relevant for water­metal and water­rock combinations are taken and far field scattering patterns the fluid. For line source excitation surface waves are generated that impinge upon defects near the surface with distance along the interface from its source of excitation. The light fluid loading limit is important f

  5. Internal and Interface Shear Strength of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zornberg, Jorge G.

    i Internal and Interface Shear Strength of Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCLs) by John Scott Mc Strength of Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCLs) Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCLs) are prefabricated geocomposite materials used as an alternative to compacted clay liners in hydraulic barriers. They often offer hydraulic

  6. Prescott: Engineering communication interface. October 2010 Engineering Communication Interface: An Engineering Multidisciplinary Project.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aloul, Fadi

    students from tertiary institutions with a sound knowledge of engineering theory and practice alone. Well is no longer sufficient to graduate engineering students from tertiary institutions with a sound knowledge1 Prescott: Engineering communication interface. October 2010 Engineering Communication

  7. Toward Widely-Available and Usable Multimodal Conversational Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruenstein, Alexander

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multimodal conversational interfaces, which allow humans to interact with a computer using a combination of spoken natural language and a graphical interface, offer the potential to transform the manner by which humans ...

  8. Reflective Interfaces : assisting teens with stressful situations online

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Birago (Birago Korayga)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents the concept of Reflective Interfaces, a novel approach to user experience design that promotes positive behavioral norms. Traditional interface design methodologies such as User Centered Design are ...

  9. Direct Manipulation for Comprehensible, Predictable and Controllable User Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shneiderman, Ben

    Direct Manipulation for Comprehensible, Predictable and Controllable User Interfaces Ben Direct manipulation user interfaces have proven their worth over two decades, but they are still in their youth. Dramatic opportunities exist to develop direct manipulation pro- gramming to create end

  10. Systems and methods for monitoring a solid-liquid interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stoddard, Nathan G; Lewis, Monte A.; Clark, Roger F

    2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems and methods are provided for monitoring a solid-liquid interface during a casting process. The systems and methods enable determination of the location of a solid-liquid interface during the casting process.

  11. THE INTERFACE BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT AND CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY: THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE INTERFACE BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT AND CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY: THE VICTOR DIAMOND Report No: 436 Title of Research Project: The Interface Between Environmental Assessment and Corporate: ___________________________________________ #12;iii ABSTRACT The environmental assessment and sustainable development literature recognizes

  12. Computational design of patterned interfaces using reduced order models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vattre, Aurelien

    Patterning is a familiar approach for imparting novel functionalities to free surfaces. We extend the patterning paradigm to interfaces between crystalline solids. Many interfaces have non-uniform internal structures ...

  13. 6.831 User Interface Design and Implementation, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Robert

    6.831 introduces the principles of user interface development, focusing on three key areas: Design: How to design good user interfaces, starting with human capabilities (including the human information processor model, ...

  14. Custom power supply interface for teaching circuit design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madrigal, Ruben E. (Ruben Esteban)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis discusses the design and implementation of a custom power supply interface for the Pioneer mobile robot used in MIT's 6.01 course, "Introduction to Electrical Engineering and Computer Science." The interface ...

  15. Experimental investigations of solid-solid thermal interface conductance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Kimberlee C. (Kimberlee Chiyoko)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding thermal interface conductance is important for nanoscale systems where interfaces can play a critical role in heat transport. In this thesis, pump and probe transient thermoreflectance methods are used to ...

  16. Merging physical manipulatives and digital interface in educational software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zacchi, Anna

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    how elementary school students used physical manipulations in conjunction with the digital interface of educational software for geometry. The blending of physical manipulations and digital interface helped the students to overcome the limits...

  17. A fast enriched FEM for Poisson equations involving interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huynh, Thanh Le Ngoc

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop a fast enriched finite element method for solving Poisson equations involving complex geometry interfaces by using regular Cartesian grids. The presence of interfaces is accounted for by developing suitable jump ...

  18. AIAA 010974 A Multi-Code-Coupling Interface for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    AIAA 01­0974 A Multi-Code-Coupling Interface for Combustor/Turbomachinery Simulations Sriram 500, Reston, VA 20191­4344 #12;AIAA 01­0974 A Multi-Code-Coupling Interface for Combustor bottlenecks. This paradigm has been used to build a code coupling interface for a three-dimensional combustor

  19. A Sonically-Enhanced Interface Toolkit Stephen A. Brewster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williamson, John

    in that an interface designer without a detailed knowledge of graphic design can create an interface using a standard device-dependent and time- consuming. This is a similar problem to that faced by graphical interface designers before graphical toolkits were available. Myers [8] suggests that the use of graphical toolkits

  20. Adsorption Kinetics of Surfactants at Fluid-Fluid Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andelman, David

    Adsorption Kinetics of Surfactants at Fluid-Fluid Interfaces Haim Diamant and David Andelman School-Fluid Interfaces, Adsorption, Adsorption Kinetics, Interfacial Tension. 1 #12;Abstract We review a new theoretical approach to the kinetics of surfactant adsorption at fluid-fluid interfaces. It yields a more complete

  1. Model coupling friction and adhesion for steel-concrete interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Model coupling friction and adhesion for steel- concrete interfaces Michel Raous Laboratoire de: In this paper the interface behaviour between steel and concrete, during pull out tests, is numerically a variable friction coefficient in order to simulate the behaviour of the steel-concrete interface during

  2. Graphical User Interface Energy Characterization for Handheld Computers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhong, Lin

    Graphical User Interface Energy Characterization for Handheld Computers Lin Zhong and Niraj K. Jha, Low power Keywords Energy characterization, Graphical user interface, Handheld computers, Low power to its graphical user interface (GUI). Moreover, GUIs are direct users of the dis- play and also

  3. POLYMER SURFACE & INTERFACE GROUP Department of Physics, University of Guelph

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutcher, John

    POLYMER SURFACE & INTERFACE GROUP Department of Physics, University of Guelph Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1 RESEARCH FOCUS The primary focus of our work in the Polymer Surface & Interface Group is the physics of polymer and biopolymer thin films and interfaces. Both polymer and biopolymer films are very

  4. MIXPLORATION: Rethinking the Audio Mixer Interface Mark Cartwright

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pardo, Bryan

    MIXPLORATION: Rethinking the Audio Mixer Interface Mark Cartwright Northwestern University Queen Mary University of London josh.reiss@eecs.qmul.ac.uk ABSTRACT A typical audio mixer interface mixing options. In this work, we rethink the mixer interface, describing an alternative inter- face

  5. Chemically sensitive interfaces on SAW devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ricco, A.J.; Martin, S.J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Crooks, R.M.; Xu, Chuanjing [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); Allred, R.E. [Adherent Technologies, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices, three approaches to the effective use of chemically sensitive interfaces that are not highly chemically selective have been examined: (1) molecular identification from time-resolved permeation transients; (2) using multifrequency SAW devices to determine the frequency dependence of analyte/film interactions; (3) use of an array of SAW devices bearing diverse chemically sensitive interfaces to produce a distinct response pattern for each analyte. In addition to their well-known sensitivity to mass changes (0.0035 monolayer of N{sub 2} can be measured), SAW devices respond to the mechanical and electronic properties of thin films, enhancing response information content but making a thorough understanding of the perturbation critical. Simultaneous measurement of changes in frequency and attenuation, which can provide the information necessary to determine the type of perturbation, are used as part of the above discrimination schemes.

  6. Fastbus host interface for VAX/VMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siskind, E.J.

    1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A list processing microprocessor controlled host interface for FASTBUS has been constructed by connection of a FASTBUS cable segment to the VAX DR-32 Device Interconnect (DDI) implemented via the DEC DR-780 channel on a VAX-11/780 system. Block transfer rates of 5.7 megabytes/second (700 ns per 32 bit longword) are achieved on VAX-11/780 systems equipped with a single MS-780 memory controller, while interleaved dual memory controller systems reach 8.0 megabytes/second (500 ns per longword) performance. The hardware and software interface should work equally well on DR-750 equipped VAX-11/750 systems (with appropriate reductions in achievable bandwidth) as well as on any future VAX systems equipped with a DDI adapter.

  7. Control of normal chirality at hexagonal interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haraldsen, Jason T [ORNL; Fishman, Randy Scott [ORNL

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the net chirality created by the Dzyaloshinkii-Moriya interaction (DMI) at the boundary between hexagonal layers of magnetic and non-magnetic materials. It is shown that another mechanism besides elastic torsion is required to understand the change in chirality observed in Dy/Y multilayers during field-cooling. The paper shows that due to the overlap between magnetic and non-magnetic atoms, interfacial steps may produce a DMI normal to the interface in magnetic heterostructures.

  8. Capillary zone electrophoresis-mass spectrometer interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    D'Silva, Arthur (Ames, IA)

    1996-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A device for providing equal electrical potential between two loci unconnected by solid or liquid electrical conducts is provided. The device comprises a first electrical conducting terminal, a second electrical conducting terminal connected to the first terminal by a rigid dielectric structure, and an electrically conducting gas contacting the first and second terminals. This device is particularly suitable for application in the electrospray ionization interface between a capillary zone electrophoresis apparatus and a mass spectrometer.

  9. VMS software for the Jorway-411 interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dorries, T.; Moore, C.; Pordes, R.; White, V.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a Software Package used to access CAMAC through the Jorway-411 Interface, for use on VAX/VMS systems. The software can be used to access parallel and/or serial CAMAC branch highways, and multiple Jorways may be connected to the VAX UNIBUS or MicroVax QBUS. The software available includes a VAX/VMS device driver for the JORWAY-411 and support routines and programs that access the driver. The software is accompanied by extensive documentation.

  10. Combined electrophoresis-electrospray interface and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smith, R.D.; Udseth, H.R.; Barinaga, C.J.

    1995-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    An improvement to the system and method is disclosed for analyzing molecular constituents of a composition sample that comprises improvements to an electrospray ionization source for interfacing to mass spectrometers and other detection devices. The improvement consists of establishing a unique electrical circuit pattern and nozzle configuration, a metallic coated and conical shaped capillary outlet, coupled with sizing of the capillary to obtain maximum sensitivity. 10 figs.

  11. Capillary zone electrophoresis-mass spectrometer interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    D`Silva, A.

    1996-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A device for providing equal electrical potential between two loci unconnected by solid or liquid electrical conductors is provided. The device comprises a first electrical conducting terminal, a second electrical conducting terminal connected to the first terminal by a rigid dielectric structure, and an electrically conducting gas contacting the first and second terminals. This device is particularly suitable for application in the electrospray ionization interface between a capillary zone electrophoresis apparatus and a mass spectrometer. 1 fig.

  12. Sudden structural change at ati air/binary liquid interface: Sum frequency study of the air/acetonitrile-water interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisenthal, Kenneth B.

    Sudden structural change at ati air/binary liquid interface: Sum frequency study of the air/acetonitrile change in an air/acetonitrile-water interface as the solution composition varies; the abruptness of which and in the polarization of the signal from the acetonitrile molecules in the interface observed using infrared + visible

  13. VMS software for the Jorway-411 Interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dorries, T.; Moore, C.; Pordes, R.; White, V.

    1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This reports on a Software Package to access CAMAC through the Jorway-411 Interface, for use on VAX/VMS systems. The software can be used to access parallel and/or serial CAMAC branch highways, and multiple Jorways may be connected to the VAX UNIBUS or Micro Vax QBUS. The software available includes a VAX/VMS device driver for the JORWAY-411 and support routines and programs that access the driver. The software is accompanied by extensive documentation. As discussed below, several of the packages originated from other institutions and have been enhanced by the Data Acquisition Software Group at Fermilab. The software package is in widespread use at Fermilab and over 20 other sites. The software can be run on any of the UNIBUS VAX-11 family of computers using a UNIBUS Jorway-411 to interface to CAMAC, or on a Microvax-II either interfaced to CAMAC through a Q-BUS Jorway-411, or through a Microverter and UNIBUS Jorway. The package includes facilities for performing CAMAC operations remotely. The VAX on which the user runs his or her program need not be directly connected to the Jorway. Server programs allow a VAX connected via DECNET or a PDP-11 connected via a DR11-W link to be the route for accessing the CAMAC hardware.

  14. Multiscale modeling of solar cells with interface phenomena

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foster, David H; Peszynska, Malgorzata; Schneider, Guenter

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a mathematical model for heterojunctions in semiconductors which can be used, e.g., for modeling higher efficiency solar cells. The continuum model involves well-known drift-diffusion equations posed away from the interface. These are coupled with interface conditions with a nonhomogeneous jump for the potential, and Robin-like interface conditions for carrier transport. The interface conditions arise from approximating the interface region by a lower-dimensional manifold. The data for the interface conditions are calculated by a Density Functional Theory (DFT) model over a few atomic layers comprising the interface region. We propose a domain decomposition method (DDM) approach to decouple the continuum model on subdomains which is implemented in every step of the Gummel iteration. We show results for CIGS/CdS, Si/ZnS, and Si/GaAs heterojunctions.

  15. Landfill liner interface strengths from torsional-ring-shear tests

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stark, T.D. (Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States)); Poeppel, A.R. (Langan Engineering Associates, Inc., New York, NY (United States))

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A torsional-ring-shear apparatus and test procedure are described for measuring soil/geosynthetic and geosynthetic/geosynthetic interface strengths. Typical interface strengths are presented for a double-composite liner system and the relevancy of ring-shear strengths is illustrated using the slope failure at the Kettleman Hills Waste Repository, Kettleman City, Calif. The results of undrained ring-shear tests show that for a clay/geomembrane interface: (1) interface strength depends on plasticity and compaction water content of the clay, and the applied normal stress; (2) interface strengths measured with the torsional-ring-shear apparatus are in excellent agreement with back-calculated field strengths; and (3) peak and residual interface failure envelopes are nonlinear, and the nonlinearity should be modeled in stability analyses instead of as a combination of cohesion and friction angle. Design recommendations for interface strengths and stability analyses are also presented.

  16. Expansion and Enhacement of the Wyoming Coalbed Methane Clearinghouse Website to the Wyoming Energy Resources Information Clearinghouse.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hulme, Diana; Hamerlinck, Jeffrey; Bergman, Harold; Oakleaf, Jim

    2010-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy development is expanding across the United States, particularly in western states like Wyoming. Federal and state land management agencies, local governments, industry and non-governmental organizations have realized the need to access spatially-referenced data and other non-spatial information to determine the geographical extent and cumulative impacts of expanding energy development. The Wyoming Energy Resources Information Clearinghouse (WERIC) is a web-based portal which centralizes access to news, data, maps, reports and other information related to the development, management and conservation of Wyomingâ??s diverse energy resources. WERIC was established in 2006 by the University of Wyomingâ??s Ruckelshaus Institute of Environment and Natural Resources (ENR) and the Wyoming Geographic Information Science Center (WyGISC) with funding from the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the US Bureau of Land Management (BLM). The WERIC web portal originated in concept from a more specifically focused website, the Coalbed Methane (CBM) Clearinghouse. The CBM Clearinghouse effort focused only on coalbed methane production within the Powder River Basin of northeast Wyoming. The CBM Clearinghouse demonstrated a need to expand the effort statewide with a comprehensive energy focus, including fossil fuels and renewable and alternative energy resources produced and/or developed in Wyoming. WERIC serves spatial data to the greater Wyoming geospatial community through the Wyoming GeoLibrary, the WyGISC Data Server and the Wyoming Energy Map. These applications are critical components that support the Wyoming Energy Resources Information Clearinghouse (WERIC). The Wyoming GeoLibrary is a tool for searching and browsing a central repository for metadata. It provides the ability to publish and maintain metadata and geospatial data in a distributed environment. The WyGISC Data Server is an internet mapping application that provides traditional GIS mapping and analysis functionality via the web. It is linked into various state and federal agency spatial data servers allowing users to visualize multiple themes, such as well locations and core sage grouse areas, in one domain. Additionally, this application gives users the ability to download any of the data being displayed within the web map. The Wyoming Energy Map is the newest mapping application developed directly from this effort. With over a 100 different layers accessible via this mapping application, it is the most comprehensive Wyoming energy mapping application available. This application also provides the public with the ability to create cultural and wildlife reports based on any location throughout Wyoming and at multiple scales. The WERIC website also allows users to access links to federal, state, and local natural resource agency websites and map servers; research documents about energy; and educational information, including information on upcoming energy-relate conferences. The WERIC website has seen significant use by energy industry consultants, land management agencies, state and local decision-makers, non-governmental organizations and the public. Continued service to these sectors is desirable but some challenges remain in keeping the WERIC site viable. The most pressing issue is finding the human and financial resources to keep the site continually updated. Initially, the concept included offering users the ability to maintain the site themselves; however, this has proven not to be a viable option since very few people contributed. Without user contributions, the web page relied on already committed university staff to publish and link to the appropriate documents and web-pages. An option that is currently being explored to address this issue is development of a partnership with the University of Wyoming, School of Energy Resources (SER). As part of their outreach program, SER may be able to contribute funding for a full-time position dedicated to maintenance of WERIC.

  17. Micro-engineered cathode interface studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doshi, R.; Kueper, T.; Nagy, Z.; Krumpelt, M.

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this work is to increase the performance of the cathode in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) operating at 1,000 C by decreasing the polarization resistance from 0.2 {Omega}-cm{sup 2} at 300 mA/cm{sup 2}. Decreased polarization resistance will allow operation at higher current densities. This work is in support of the Westinghouse tubular SOFC technology using YSZ electrolyte and strontium doped lanthanum manganite (LSM) cathode. As a result of work performed last year at Argonne National Laboratory and information derived from the literature, the limitations at the cathode/electrolyte interface can be classified into two main areas. First, the ionic conductivity of the LSM cathode material is low which limits the reaction zone to an area very close to the interface, while the rest of the cathode thickness acts essentially as current collector with channels for gas access. Second, the electronic conductivity in YSZ is very low which limits the reaction zone to areas that are the boundaries between LSM and YSZ rather than the YSZ surface away from LSM at the interface. Possible solutions to this problem being pursued are: (1) introducing an ionic conducting YSZ phase in LSM to form a porous two-phase mixture of LSM and YSZ; (2) applying a thin interlayer between the electrolyte and the cathode where the interlayer has high ionic and electronic conductivity and high catalytic activity for reduction of O{sub 2}; (3) increasing the ionic conductivity in the LSM by suitable doping; and (4) increasing the electronic conductivity in the electrolyte by doping or by depositing an appropriate mixed conducting layer on the YSZ before applying the cathode.

  18. Interface control and snow crystal growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jessica Li; Laura P. Schaposnik

    2015-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The growth of snow crystals is dependent on the temperature and saturation of the environment. In the case of dendrites, Reiter's local two-dimensional model provides a realistic approach to the study of dendrite growth. In this paper we obtain a new geometric rule that incorporates interface control, a basic mechanism of crystallization that is not taken into account in the original Reiter's model. By defining two new variables, growth latency and growth direction, our improved model gives a realistic model not only for dendrite but also for plate forms.

  19. Dense optical-electrical interface module

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paul Chang

    2000-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The DOIM (Dense Optical-electrical Interface Modules) is a custom-designed optical data transmission module employed in the upgrade of Silicon Vertex Detector of CDF experiment at Fermilab. Each DOIM module consists of a transmitter (TX) converting electrical differential input signals to optical outputs, a middle segment of jacketed fiber ribbon cable, and a receiver (RX) which senses the light inputs and converts them back to electrical signals. The targeted operational frequency is 53 MHz, and higher rate is achievable. This article outlines the design goals, implementation methods, production test results, and radiation hardness tests of these modules.

  20. Used Fuel Management System Interface Analyses - 13578

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howard, Robert; Busch, Ingrid [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Bldg. 5700, MS-6170, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Bldg. 5700, MS-6170, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Nutt, Mark; Morris, Edgar; Puig, Francesc [Argonne National Laboratory (United States)] [Argonne National Laboratory (United States); Carter, Joe; Delley, Alexcia; Rodwell, Phillip [Savannah River National Laboratory (United States)] [Savannah River National Laboratory (United States); Hardin, Ernest; Kalinina, Elena [Sandia National Laboratories (United States)] [Sandia National Laboratories (United States); Clark, Robert [U.S. Department of Energy (United States)] [U.S. Department of Energy (United States); Cotton, Thomas [Complex Systems Group (United States)] [Complex Systems Group (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Preliminary system-level analyses of the interfaces between at-reactor used fuel management, consolidated storage facilities, and disposal facilities, along with the development of supporting logistics simulation tools, have been initiated to provide the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and other stakeholders with information regarding the various alternatives for managing used nuclear fuel (UNF) generated by the current fleet of light water reactors operating in the United States. An important UNF management system interface consideration is the need for ultimate disposal of UNF assemblies contained in waste packages that are sized to be compatible with different geologic media. Thermal analyses indicate that waste package sizes for the geologic media under consideration by the Used Fuel Disposition Campaign may be significantly smaller than the canisters being used for on-site dry storage by the nuclear utilities. Therefore, at some point along the UNF disposition pathway, there could be a need to repackage fuel assemblies already loaded and being loaded into the dry storage canisters currently in use. The implications of where and when the packaging or repackaging of commercial UNF will occur are key questions being addressed in this evaluation. The analysis demonstrated that thermal considerations will have a major impact on the operation of the system and that acceptance priority, rates, and facility start dates have significant system implications. (authors)

  1. Human-system Interfaces for Automatic Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    OHara, J.M.; Higgins,J. (BNL); Fleger, S.; Barnes V. (NRC)

    2010-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Automation is ubiquitous in modern complex systems, and commercial nuclear- power plants are no exception. Automation is applied to a wide range of functions including monitoring and detection, situation assessment, response planning, and response implementation. Automation has become a 'team player' supporting personnel in nearly all aspects of system operation. In light of its increasing use and importance in new- and future-plants, guidance is needed to conduct safety reviews of the operator's interface with automation. The objective of this research was to develop such guidance. We first characterized the important HFE aspects of automation, including six dimensions: levels, functions, processes, modes, flexibility, and reliability. Next, we reviewed literature on the effects of all of these aspects of automation on human performance, and on the design of human-system interfaces (HSIs). Then, we used this technical basis established from the literature to identify general principles for human-automation interaction and to develop review guidelines. The guidelines consist of the following seven topics: automation displays, interaction and control, automation modes, automation levels, adaptive automation, error tolerance and failure management, and HSI integration. In addition, our study identified several topics for additional research.

  2. Steps to Take in Locating Off-Campus Housing in Baltimore 1. Access the JHMI Housing Office website www.hopkinsmedicine.org/housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von der Heydt, Rüdiger

    Steps to Take in Locating Off-Campus Housing in Baltimore 1. Access the JHMI Housing Office website www.hopkinsmedicine.org/housing Pull up the off-campus housing section to familiarize yourself the Housing Office for updated lists of Baltimore Apartment Complexes popular with Hopkins students

  3. E-mail: ceas-adv@UWM.edu Website: www.uwm.edu/CEAS Phone: (414) 229-4667 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    E-mail: ceas-adv@UWM.edu Website: www.uwm.edu/CEAS Phone: (414) 229-4667 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING in Engineering (Civil, Computer, Electrical, Industrial, Materials and Mechanical) Minors Computer Science, Electrical Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Materials Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Structural

  4. E-mail: ceas-adv@UWM.edu Website: www.uwm.edu/CEAS Phone: (414) 229-4667 INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    E-mail: ceas-adv@UWM.edu Website: www.uwm.edu/CEAS Phone: (414) 229-4667 INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING in Engineering (Civil, Computer, Electrical, Industrial, Materials and Mechanical) Minors Computer Science, Electrical Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Materials Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Structural

  5. E-mail: ceas-adv@UWM.edu Website: www.uwm.edu/CEAS Phone: (414) 229-4667 COMPUTER SCIENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    E-mail: ceas-adv@UWM.edu Website: www.uwm.edu/CEAS Phone: (414) 229-4667 COMPUTER SCIENCE Just% doctorate Undergraduate Degrees Bachelor of Science in Computer Science Bachelor of Science in Engineering (Civil, Computer, Electrical, Industrial, Materials and Mechanical) Minors Computer Science, Electrical

  6. DNA Oligonucleotide Resuspension and Storage.docx written 4/2012 by JW pg 1 of 2 DNA Oligonucleotide Resuspension and Storage from IDT website

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    DNA Oligonucleotide Resuspension and Storage.docx written 4/2012 by JW pg 1 of 2 DNA Oligonucleotide Resuspension and Storage ­ from IDT website Upon receiving newly synthesized oligonucleotides. Resuspension Keep in mind Most commercially synthesized oligonucleotides are shipped as lyophilized product

  7. Submission of PhD dissertation The templates and forms referred to in the following are available on the Research Office's website.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    01.10 1 af 2 Submission of PhD dissertation The templates and forms referred to in the following are available on the Research Office's website. Submission You must submit your PhD dissertation in five copies, arranged in a ring binder or presented in another way. You must submit your dissertation to: Research

  8. Accessing Journal Article from Libraries Website The majority of the e-reserve journal articles are available in print or via library subscription databases.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    Accessing Journal Article from Libraries Website The majority of the e-reserve journal articles are available in print or via library subscription databases. Students will need the journal article citation (located on the Library A-Z list); enter DOI and click on `Look Up.' Option #2 Click on the Journals & e

  9. Admissions Office, Trinity College, Dublin 2. Tel. 896 4000 Fax. 8722853 Email: admissions@tcd.ie Web-site: www.tcd.ie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Mahony, Donal E.

    Admissions Office, Trinity College, Dublin 2. Tel. 896 4000 Fax. 8722853 Email: admissions@tcd.ie Web-site: www.tcd.ie Trinity College Dublin Language Waiver Application Form (School Record Form..................................................................... Note: Applicants to Trinity College Dublin are required to present a qualification in one language

  10. Reasoning About Communication Requirements With a Spreadsheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fields, Bob

    function it is monitor a number of nuclear power sta- tions and coordinate the response in the event be found in power stations and chemical plants, emergency management centres, command and control rooms performance and to overall system dependability. The aim of the Communication Link Analysis technique

  11. Equipment Energy Models Using Spreadsheet Programs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, J. S.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the problems of documentation, modification, verification, and validation that plague conventional programming approaches. Specific examples of heat pump and cogeneration power system analysis, steam properties interpolation, boiler and combustion efficiency...

  12. SPREADSHEET DESCRIPTION DOCUMENT FOR SATURATION TEMPERATURE CALCULATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JO J

    2008-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the methodology for determining the saturation temperature in waste tanks. The saturation temperature is used to calculate neutral buoyancy ratio.

  13. The Regional Watershed Spreadsheet Model (RWSM)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) Metals Recycling 11) Auto Recycling 12) Old Industrial Areas 13) Power Plants Land Use Mean Concentration of watershed concentrations Output: *Land use specific runoff concentrations Optimization #12;3. Simple User of this plan... Hydro Sed Cu Hg PCB Se Diox PBDE OC Pest Hydro Sed Cu Hg PCB Se Diox PBDE OC PestStep 1 2 3 4 5

  14. Use and Misuse of Chemical Reactivity Spreadsheets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simmons, F

    2005-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Misidentifying chemical hazards can have serious deleterious effects. Consequences of not identifying a chemical are obvious and include fires, explosions, injury to workers, etc. Consequences of identifying hazards that are really not present can be equally as bad. Misidentifying hazards can result in increased work with loss of productivity, increased expenses, utilization/consumption of scarce resources, and the potential to modify the work to include chemicals or processes that are actually more hazardous than those originally proposed. For these reasons, accurate hazard identification is critical to any safety program. Hazard identification in the world of chemistry is, at best, a daunting task. The knowing or understanding, of the reactions between any of approximately twelve million known chemicals that may be hazardous, is the reason for this task being so arduous. Other variables, such as adding other reactants/contaminants or changing conditions (e.g., temperature, pressure, or concentration), make hazard determination something many would construe as being more than impossibly difficult. Despite these complexities, people who do not have an extensive background in the chemical sciences can be called upon to perform chemical hazard identification. Because hazard identification in the area of chemical safety is so burdensome and because people with a wide variety of training are called upon to perform this work, tools are required to aid in chemical hazard identification. Many tools have been developed. Unfortunately, many of these tools are not seen as the limited resource that they are and are used inappropriately.

  15. Consortium Participant List - Spreadsheet | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T, Inc.'sEnergyTexas1.SpaceFluor Federal Services -Energy UsingName

  16. Building America Analysis Spreadsheets | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof Energy Future of CSP:Brookhaven Teaching FellowsBuilder

  17. GTP ARRA Spreadsheet | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489InformationFrenchtown, NewG2 EnergyGISGSA JumpGTP ARRA

  18. IRP Budget Spreadsheet | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaefer To:Department ofOralGovernment Vehicle Utilization

  19. Project Cost Profile Spreadsheet | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy: ThomasDepartment ofThis weekSpecificThat SaveForRM

  20. ASHRAE Standard 152 Spreadsheet | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCOSystems AnalysisVOLUMEStatement ofAHAM -ALA-1-NMemo AppendicesAS&TASHRAE

  1. Heat Transfer Interface for Thermo-Solar Energy - Energy Innovation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Thermal Solar Thermal Building Energy Efficiency Building Energy Efficiency Find More Like This Return to Search Heat Transfer Interface for Thermo-Solar Energy Lawrence Berkeley...

  2. accident code interfaces: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    operating systems 5 Flavour Les Houches Accord: Interfacing Flavour related Codes HEP - Experiment (arXiv) Summary: We present the Flavour Les Houches Accord (FLHA)...

  3. Linked Reactivity at Mineral-Water Interfaces Through Bulk Crystal...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    at mineral-water interfaces is of fundamental importance to geochemistry, but for minerals that are natural semiconductors the pursuit of mechanistic understanding is uniquely...

  4. Structure, defects, and strain in silicon-silicon oxide interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kova?evi?, Goran, E-mail: gkova@irb.hr; Pivac, Branko [Department of Materials Physics, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Bijeni?ka 56, P.O.B. 180, HR-10002 Zagreb (Croatia)

    2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The structure of the interfaces between silicon and silicon-oxide is responsible for proper functioning of MOSFET devices while defects in the interface can deteriorate this function and lead to their failure. In this paper we modeled this interface and characterized its defects and strain. MD simulations were used for reconstructing interfaces into a thermodynamically stable configuration. In all modeled interfaces, defects were found in the form of three-coordinated silicon atom, five coordinated silicon atom, threefold-coordinated oxygen atom, or displaced oxygen atom. Three-coordinated oxygen atom can be created if dangling bonds on silicon are close enough. The structure and stability of three-coordinated silicon atoms (P{sub b} defect) depend on the charge as well as on the electric field across the interface. The negatively charged P{sub b} defect is the most stable one, but the electric field resulting from the interface reduces that stability. Interfaces with large differences in periodic constants of silicon and silicon oxide can be stabilized by buckling of silicon layer. The mechanical stress resulted from the interface between silicon and silicon oxide is greater in the silicon oxide layer. Ab initio modeling of clusters representing silicon and silicon oxide shows about three time larger susceptibility to strain in silicon oxide than in silicon if exposed to the same deformation.

  5. The plant-soil interface: understanding dynamic interactions...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    plant-soil interface: understanding dynamic interactions in the context of environmental change Gary Stacey 1 , Ljlijana Pasa-Tolic 2 , Himadri Pakrasi 3 , David Hoyt 2 , Alice...

  6. Interface Modifications by Anion Acceptors for High Energy Lithium...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Modifications by Anion Acceptors for High Energy Lithium Ion Batteries. Interface Modifications by Anion Acceptors for High Energy Lithium Ion Batteries. Abstract: Li-rich, Mn-rich...

  7. Nitride semiconductor Surface and interface characterization and device design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Hongtao

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lett. 80 , D. Schroder, Semiconductor Material and Devicein III-V Nitride Semiconductors: Applications and Devices ,SAN DIEGO Nitride Semiconductor Surface and Interface

  8. HCI AND SOFTWARE ENGINEERING FOR USER INTERFACE PLASTICITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    52 HCI AND SOFTWARE ENGINEERING FOR USER INTERFACE PLASTICITY Joëlle analysis are perceived as too demand- ing in terms of time and competence

  9. adesiva da interface: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in a landfill cap or base liner systemi Internal and Interface Shear Strength of Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCLs) by John Scott Mc Strength of Geosynthetic Clay Liners (GCLs)...

  10. advanced user interface: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    overload and under load. First, we take a historical look at how the fields of human-computer interaction and artificial intelligence have viewed interface agent research....

  11. Training Manual for Micro, Small and Medium Entrepreneurs in...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Interface: Website Website: www.gvepinternational.orgsitesdefaultfilesmanualforsmeenergyfi Cost: Free UN Region: Eastern Africa Language: English The training manual is...

  12. Evolution of the ATLAS Metadata Interface (AMI)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Odier, Jerome; The ATLAS collaboration; Fulachier, Jerome; Lambert, Fabian

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ATLAS Metadata Interface (AMI) can be considered to be a mature application because it has existed for at least 10 years. Over the years, the number of users and the number of functions provided for these users has increased. It has been necessary to adapt the hardware infrastructure in a seamless way so that the Quality of Service remains high. We will describe the evolution of the application from the initial one, using single server with a MySQL backend database, to the current state, where we use a cluster of Virtual Machines on the French Tier 1 Cloud at Lyon, an ORACLE database backend also at Lyon, with replication to CERN using ORACLE streams behind a back-up server.

  13. Carbon-bearing fluids at nanoscale interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, David [Ohio State University; Ok, Salim [Ohio State University, Columbus; Phan, A [Ohio State University, Columbus; Rother, Gernot [ORNL; Striolo, Alberto [Oklahoma University; Vlcek, Lukas [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The behaviour of fluids at mineral surfaces or in confined geometries (pores, fractures) typically differs from their bulk behaviour in many ways due to the effects of large internal surfaces and geometrical confinement. We summarize research performed on C-O-H fluids at nanoscale interfaces in materials of interest to the earth and material sciences (e.g., silica, alumina, zeolites, clays, rocks, etc.), emphasizing those techniques that assess microstructural modification and/or dynamical behaviour such as gravimetric analysis, small-angle (SANS) neutron scattering, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations will be described that provide atomistic characterization of interfacial and confined fluid behaviour as well as aid in the interpretation of the neutron scattering results.

  14. Umbra's High Level Architecture (HLA) Interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    GOTTLIEB, ERIC JOSEPH; MCDONALD, MICHAEL J.; OPPEL III, FRED J.

    2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes Umbra's High Level Architecture HLA library. This library serves as an interface to the Defense Simulation and Modeling Office's (DMSO) Run Time Infrastructure Next Generation Version 1.3 (RTI NG1.3) software library and enables Umbra-based models to be federated into HLA environments. The Umbra library was built to enable the modeling of robots for military and security system concept evaluation. A first application provides component technologies that ideally fit the US Army JPSD's Joint Virtual Battlespace (JVB) simulation framework for Objective Force concept analysis. In addition to describing the Umbra HLA library, the report describes general issues of integrating Umbra with RTI code and outlines ways of building models to support particular HLA simulation frameworks like the JVB.

  15. The Nano-Micro Interface Bridging the Micro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Guozhong

    The Nano-Micro Interface Bridging the Micro and Nano Worlds. Edited by Hans-Jörg Fecht and Matthias- tion among researchers. The book The Nano-Micro Interface: Bridging the Micro and Nano Worlds fills one of these gaps. More specifically, this book, as its subtitle indicates, bridges the micro and nano worlds

  16. MIMESIS: Interactive Interface for Mass-Interaction Matthieu Evrard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MIMESIS: Interactive Interface for Mass-Interaction Modeling Matthieu Evrard ICA Laboratory introduces MIMESIS, a end-user software based on mass-interaction modeling. In MIMESIS, the mass-interaction-based modeling, simulation, animation, mass-interaction network, user-friendly interface, animation language. 1

  17. A Generic FMU Interface for Modelica Wuzhu Chen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    A Generic FMU Interface for Modelica Wuzhu Chen1 Michaela Huhn1 Peter Fritzson2 1 Department-up Unit (FMU) into Modelica simulators, specifically the Open- Modelica environment. Whereas other, this approach tries to provide a generic Modelica interface for embedding an FMU to be imported into a Modelica

  18. Sliding Interfaces for Eddy Current Simulations Raffael Casagrande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiptmair, Ralf

    Sliding Interfaces for Eddy Current Simulations Raffael Casagrande Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Ralf Interfaces for Eddy Current April 17th, 2013 1 / 25 #12;Outline 1 Introduction Motivation 2 Deriving the eddy current model Maxwell's Equations in a moving frame The eddy current model in a moving frame 3

  19. On Building a Search Interface Discovery System Denis Shestakov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    known as the deep Web is ac- cessible via search interfaces to myriads of databases on the Web. While interfaces to online databases is crucial for any application accessing the deep Web. This paper describes- tentionally designed to be used in the deep web characterization surveys and for constructing directories

  20. Plastic flow in solids with interfaces Anurag Gupta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Plastic flow in solids with interfaces Anurag Gupta David. J. Steigmann November 22, 2011 Abstract a plastically deforming solid is developed. The irreversible dynamics of the interface are driven by its normal motion, incoherency (slip and misorientation), and an intrinsic plastic flow; and purely by plastic

  1. Optical Neural Interfaces Melissa R. Warden,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deisseroth, Karl

    Optical Neural Interfaces Melissa R. Warden,1,2 Jessica A. Cardin,5,6 and Karl Deisseroth2,3,4 1 Genetically encoded optical actuators and indicators have changed the land- scape of neuroscience, enabling review the development of optical neural interfaces, focusing on hardware designed for optical control

  2. Interface Between Engineering and Market Operations in Restructured Electricity Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    Interface Between Engineering and Market Operations in Restructured Electricity Systems HUNG of engineering management. Wholesale markets bring economic and financial aspects that alter the context in which addressed are those relevant to the interface between engineering aspects of system operations, and economic

  3. Browser Interfaces and Extended Validation SSL Certificates: An Empirical Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Oorschot, Paul

    Browser Interfaces and Extended Validation SSL Certificates: An Empirical Study Robert Biddle provided by SSL certificates and browser interfaces in the face of var- ious attacks. As one response, basic SSL server certificates are being demoted to second-class status in conjunction

  4. Ice Storm Damage Greater Along the Terrestrial-Aquatic Interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraft, Clifford E.

    Ice Storm Damage Greater Along the Terrestrial-Aquatic Interface in Forested Landscapes Andrew A- tems. In 1998, a severe ice storm damaged over ten million hectares of forest across northern New York investigated the spatial arrangement of forest damage at the terrestrial-aquatic interface, an ecological edge

  5. Ghosts in the Machine: Interfaces for Better Power Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flinn, Jason

    Ghosts in the Machine: Interfaces for Better Power Management Manish Anand, Edmund B. Nightingale observe that the modularity of current power manage­ ment algorithms often leads to poor results. We propose two new interfaces that pierce the abstraction barrier that in­ hibits device power management

  6. Ghosts in the Machine: Interfaces for Better Power Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    Ghosts in the Machine: Interfaces for Better Power Management Manish Anand, Edmund B. Nightingale observe that the modularity of current power manage- ment algorithms often leads to poor results. We propose two new interfaces that pierce the abstraction barrier that in- hibits device power management

  7. ccsd00000893 Sliding Friction at a Rubber/Brush Interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ccsd­00000893 (version 1) : 28 Nov 2003 Sliding Friction at a Rubber/Brush Interface Lionel Bureau(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) rubber network sliding, at low velocity, on a substrate on which PDMS chains are end-tethered. We studied the behaviour of such rubber/brush interfaces at high sliding velocities and showed

  8. ESTIMATION OF INTERFACE COHESIVE LAWS BY DIGITAL IMAGE CORRELATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    material to mimic carbon fibres. This choice enables the use of planar specimen for which the application a composite material with specific properties a relationship between the interface adhesion and fracture conditions, (c) Interface cohesive law. 2. MATERIALS AND SPECIMEN GEOMETRY Planar glassy carbon (SIGRADUR G

  9. PUZZLE PIECE TOPOLOGY: DETECTING ARRANGEMENTS IN SMART OBJECTS INTERFACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scarlatos, Lori

    to worry about how to give instructions to a machine. Yet building a smart objects interface is nonPUZZLE PIECE TOPOLOGY: DETECTING ARRANGEMENTS IN SMART OBJECTS INTERFACES Lori L. Scarlatos Brooklyn College, CIS 2900 Bedford Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11210 lori@sci.brooklyn.cuny.edu ABSTRACT Smart

  10. Fourier Transform Heterodyne Spectroscopy of Liquid Interfaces A thesis presented

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazur, Eric

    Fourier Transform Heterodyne Spectroscopy of Liquid Interfaces A thesis presented by Doo Soo Chung Abstract This thesis describes the application of a novel Fourier transform heterodyne spectroscopy of fluid interfaces 3 1.4 Organization of this thesis 5 2 Fourier Transform Heterodyne Spectroscopy 7 2

  11. Development of an integrated building design information interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Punjabi, Sonia Arjun

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    with each other? [2, 15]. A Graphical User Interface (GUI) is a type of computer human interface. GUI?s usually have common characteristics such as Windows, Icons, Menus, and Push-buttons (WIMP). Collectively, WIMP are pictures that bring forth a certain... .............................................................................14 Methods of Usability Testing...................................................................15 III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY .........................................................................16 Steps Involved in the Creation of New...

  12. COMPARISON OF SINGLE AND MULTI GEOSYNTHETIC AND SOIL INTERFACE TESTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geosynthetic clay liner (GCL)/geomembrane, and soil/geosynthetic interfaces. This comparison shows an agreement and Choi 2004). A composite liner system consisting of multiple geosynthetic components, Liquid CollectionCOMPARISON OF SINGLE AND MULTI GEOSYNTHETIC AND SOIL INTERFACE TESTS Timothy D. Stark1 , Fawad S

  13. Non-Intrusive User Interfaces for Interactive Digital Television Experiences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Non-Intrusive User Interfaces for Interactive Digital Television Experiences Pablo Cesar1 , Dick C.Cruz-Lara@loria.fr, Julien.Ducret@loria.fr Abstract. This paper presents a model and architecture for non-intrusive user to consume and interact with television content. We refer to this model as non-intrusive user interfaces

  14. Identification of fluids and an interface between fluids

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lee, D.O.; Wayland, J.R. Jr.

    1988-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Complex impedance measured over a predefined frequency range is used to determine the identity of different oils in a column. The location of an interface between the oils is determined from the percent frequency effects of the complex impedance measured across the interface. 4 figs.

  15. Diuse interface surface tension models in an expanding ow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soatto, Stefano

    Diuse interface surface tension models in an expanding ow Wangyi Liu, Andrea L. Bertozzi , and Theodore Kolokolnikov November 22, 2010 Abstract We consider a diusive interface surface tension model principle. 1 Background There is a need to develop simple computational models for surface tension

  16. Detachment Energies of Spheroidal Particles from Fluid-Fluid Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gary B. Davies; Timm Krüger; Peter V. Coveney; Jens Harting

    2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The energy required to detach a single particle from a fluid-fluid interface is an important parameter for designing certain soft materials, for example, emulsions stabilised by colloidal particles, colloidosomes designed for targeted drug delivery, and bio-sensors composed of magnetic particles adsorbed at interfaces. For a fixed particle volume, prolate and oblate spheroids attach more strongly to interfaces because they have larger particle-interface areas. Calculating the detachment energy of spheroids necessitates the difficult measurement of particle-liquid surface tensions, in contrast with spheres, where the contact angle suffices. We develop a simplified detachment energy model for spheroids which depends only on the particle aspect ratio and the height of the particle centre of mass above the fluid-fluid interface. We use lattice Boltzmann simulations to validate the model and provide quantitative evidence that the approach can be applied to simulate particle-stabilized emulsions, and highlight the experimental implications of this validation.

  17. Ultracapacitor/battery electronic interface development. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, R.D.; Salasoo, L.; Schwartz, J.; Cardinal, M.

    1998-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A flexible, highly efficient laboratory proof-of-concept Ultracapacitor/Battery Interface power electronic circuit with associated controls was developed on a cost-shared contract funded by the US Department of Energy (DOE), the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA), and the General Electric Company (GE). This power electronic interface translates the varying dc voltage on an ultracapacitor with bi-directional power flow to the dc bus of an inverter-supplied ac propulsion system in an electric vehicle application. In a related application, the electronic interface can also be utilized to interface a low-voltage battery to a dc bus of an inverter supplied ac propulsion system. Variations in voltage for these two intended applications occur (1) while extracting energy (discharge) or supplying energy (charge) to an ultracapacitor, and (2) while extracting energy (discharge) or supplying energy (charge) to a low-voltage battery. The control electronics of this interface is designed to be operated as a stand-alone unit acting in response to an external power command. However, the interface unit`s control is not configured to provide any of the vehicle system control functions associated with load leveling or power splitting between the propulsion battery and the ultracapacitor in an electric or hybrid vehicle application. A system study/preliminary design effort established the functional specification of the interface unit, including voltage, current, and power ratings, to meet the program objectives and technical goals for the development of a highly efficient ultracapacitor/battery electronic interface unit; and performed a system/application study of a hybrid-electric transit bus including an ultracapacitor and appropriate electronic interface. The maximum power capability of the ultracapacitor/battery electronic interface unit is 25 kW.

  18. Brain-computer interface controlled functional electrical stimulation system for ankle movement.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Do, An H; Wang, Po T; King, Christine E; Abiri, Ahmad; Nenadic, Zoran

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    N: Breaking the silence: Brain-computer interfaces (BCI) forsignal by a noninvasive brain-computer interface in humans.E: A novel P300-based brain- computer interface stimulus

  19. Department Name Degrees Phone Email Website Aerospace Engineering MS, PhD 303-492-6416 aerograd@colorado.edu http://www.colorado.edu/aerospace

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mulligan, Jane

    Department Name Degrees Phone Email Website Aerospace Engineering MS, PhD 303-492-6416 aerograd@colorado.edu http://www.colorado.edu/aerospace Anthropology MA, PhD 303-492-7947 anthro@colorado.edu http://www.colorado.edu/anthropology Applied Mathematics MS, PhD 303-492-1238 amgradco@colorado.edu http://amath.colorado.edu Art and Art

  20. PPPO Official Website

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1192001 NA View 462 S-755-T-3-2-03 1192001 NA View 463 C-746-A East End Smelter 1192001 732007 View 464 C-746-A West End Smelter 1192001 1082002 732007...

  1. PPPO Official Website

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for 2009) C-410-B Sludge Lagoon (planned for 2009) Demolition of the C-746-A West End Smelter (complete);C-611-M and N Sanitary Water Storage Tanks (demolished in February 2009);...

  2. CAHNRS Alumni & Friends website

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    , textiles scientist and AMDT chair Karen Leonas is leading a project to develop a biodegradable fabric mulch to replace the expensive, petroleum-based black plastic that so many specialty crop grow- ers currently use

  3. PPPO Official Website

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    cleanup Disposal of legacy waste D&D of inactive facilities Storage and conversion of depleted uranium hexafluoride (DUF6) Interim storagedisposition of surplus uranium...

  4. PPPO Official Website

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride (DUF6) Conversion Project The Uranium Hexafluoride (DUF6) Conversion Project provides for the design, construction and operation of two facilities,...

  5. PPPO Official Website

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plant on the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP) site recovered the uranium from depleted uranium hexafluoride. Drums emptied during the conversion process were crushed...

  6. PPPO Official Website

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Kentucky, LLC, PAD-ENG-11-1381, July 18, 2011 PPPO Request for Offers for the Sale of Depleted and Off-Spec Uranium Hexafluoride Inventories PGDP Tour Book Industry Day...

  7. PPPO Official Website

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    following at the Portsmouth and Paducah Sites. Environmental Remediation Waste Management Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride (DUF6) Conversion Decontamination and Decommissioning...

  8. PPPO Official Website

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Conversion of DUF6 for the PPPO Department of Energy Awards Contract for Operation of Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride Conversion at Portsmouth, Paducah Facilities Lexington, KY...

  9. PPPO Official Website

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    waste management, and facility decontamination and decommissioning. He also manages the Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride (DUF6) Conversion Project, which involves construction and...

  10. PPPO Official Website

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Notices Request For Offers for the Sale Of Depleted and Off-Specification Uranium Hexafluoride Inventories, Request for Offers Number: DE-SOL-0005845 Questions and Responses to RFO...

  11. PPPO Official Website

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Impact Statement for Alternative Strategies for the Long-Term Management and Use of Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride (DUF6 PEIS). The DUF6 PEIS was completed in 1999 and...

  12. PPPO Official Website

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on parallel paths to construct facilities to convert the Department's large inventory of depleted uranium hexafluoride (DUF6) into a more stable chemical form for beneficial reuse...

  13. Visit our website

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrincetonUsing Maps1 - USAFofEmailNORDUnet,gov Materials are the

  14. ARM - Website Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWP Related Links Facilities and Instruments ManusAdministration

  15. overview_forWebsite

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengtheningWildfires mayYuan T.External LinksDoug JacobsenUpdated: 04/20/10

  16. Fermilab | Website Edits

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.New Mexico Feb. 13, 2013FocusreceivesTrafficUsersDiversity /

  17. Brain-Computer Interfaces and Quantum Robots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eliano Pessa; Paola zizzi

    2009-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The actual (classical) Brain-Computer Interface attempts to use brain signals to drive suitable actuators performing the actions corresponding to subject's intention. However this goal is not fully reached, and when BCI works, it does only in particular situations. The reason of this unsatisfactory result is that intention cannot be conceived simply as a set of classical input-output relationships. It is therefore necessary to resort to quantum theory, allowing the occurrence of stable coherence phenomena, in turn underlying high-level mental processes such as intentions and strategies. More precisely, within the context of a dissipative Quantum Field Theory of brain operation it is possible to introduce generalized coherent states associated, within the framework of logic, to the assertions of a quantum metalanguage. The latter controls the quantum-mechanical computing corresponding to standard mental operation. It thus become possible to conceive a Quantum Cyborg in which a human mind controls, through a quantum metalanguage, the operation of an artificial quantum computer.

  18. Molecular thermodynamics of polymer melts at interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Theodorou, D.N.

    1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A lattice model is developed for the prediction of structure and thermodynamic properties at free polymer melt surfaces and polymer melt/solid interfaces. Density variations in the interfacial region are taken into account by introducing voids in the lattice, in the spirit of the equation of state theory of Sanchez and Lacombe. Intramolecular energy (chain stiffness) effects are explicitly incorporated. The model is derived through a rigorous statistical mechanical and thermodynamic analysis, which is based on the concept of availability. Two cases are considered: ''full equilibrium,'' whereby the interfacial polymer is taken as free to exchange heat, work and mass with a bulk polymer phase at given temperature and pressure; and ''restricted equilibrium,'' whereby a thin polymer film is allowed to equilibrate locally in response to ambient temperature and pressure, but in which chains do not necessarily have the same chemical potential as in the unconstrained bulk. Techniques are developed for calculating surface tension, adhesion tension, density profiles, chain shape, bond orientation, as well as the distribution of segments of various orders in the interfacial region. 28 refs., 6 figs.

  19. Robust interface between flying and topological qubits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng-Yuan Xue; Ming Gong; Jia Liu; Yong Hu; Shi-Liang Zhu; Z. D. Wang

    2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Hybrid architectures, consisting of conventional and topological qubits, have recently attracted much attention due to their capability in consolidating the robustness of topological qubits and the universality of conventional qubits. However, these two kinds of qubits are normally constructed in significantly different energy scales, and thus this energy mismatch is a major obstacle for their coupling that supports the exchange of quantum information between them. Here, we propose a microwave photonic quantum bus for a direct strong coupling between the topological and conventional qubits, in which the energy mismatch is compensated by the external driving field via the fractional ac Josephson effect. In the framework of tight-binding simulation and perturbation theory, we show that the energy splitting of the topological qubits in a finite length nanowire is still robust against local perturbations, which is ensured not only by topology, but also by the particle-hole symmetry. Therefore, the present scheme realizes a robust interface between the flying and topological qubits. Finally, we demonstrate that this quantum bus can also be used to generate multipartitie entangled states with the topological qubits.

  20. Open-split interface for mass spectrometers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Diehl, John W. (Grand Forks, ND)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An open-split interface includes a connector body having four leg members projecting therefrom within a single plane, the first and third legs being coaxial and the second and fourth legs being coaxial. A tubular aperture extends through the first and third legs and a second tubular aperture extends through the second and fourth legs, connecting at a juncture within the center of the connector body. A fifth leg projects from the connector body and has a third tubular aperture extending therethrough to the juncture of the first and second tubular apertures. A capillary column extends from a gas chromatograph into the third leg with its end adjacent the juncture. A flow restrictor tube extends from a mass spectrometer through the first tubular aperture in the first and third legs and into the capillary columnm end, so as to project beyond the end of the third leg within the capillary column. An annular gap between the tube and column allows excess effluent to pass to the juncture. A pair of short capillary columns extend from separate detectors into the second tubular aperture in the second and fourth legs, and are oriented with their ends spaced slightly from the first capillary column end. A sweep flow tube is mounted in the fifth leg so as to supply a helium sweep flow to the juncture.

  1. Approach to inherently stable interfaces for ceramic matrix composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Besmann, T.M.; Kupp, E.R.; Stinton, D.P. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Shanmugham, S. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Virtually all ceramic matrix composites require and interface coating between the fibers and matrix to achieve the desired mechanical performance. To date, the most effective interface materials for non- oxide matrix composites have been carbon and boron nitride. They are, however, susceptible to oxidation at elevated temperatures, and thus under many envisioned operating environments they will fail, possibly allowing oxidation of the fibers as well, adversely affecting mechanical behavior. Current efforts are directed toward developing stable interface coating, which include oxides and silicon carbide with appropriate thermomechanical properties.

  2. Utility of transient testing to characterize thermal interface materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Smith; T. Brunschwiler; B. Michel

    2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper analyzes a transient method for the characterization of low-resistance thermal interfaces of microelectronic packages. The transient method can yield additional information about the package not available with traditional static methods at the cost of greater numerical complexity, hardware requirements, and sensitivity to noise. While the method is established for package-level thermal analysis of mounted and assembled parts, its ability to measure the relatively minor thermal impedance of thin thermal interface material (TIM) layers has not yet been fully studied. We combine the transient thermal test with displacement measurements of the bond line thickness to fully characterize the interface.

  3. Quantum network of superconducting qubits through opto-mechanical interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang-qi Yin; W. L. Yang; L. Sun; L. M. Duan

    2015-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a scheme to realize quantum networking of superconducting qubits based on the opto-mechanical interface. The superconducting qubits interact with the microwave photons, which then couple to the optical photons through the opto-mechanical interface. The interface generates a quantum link between superconducting qubits and optical flying qubits with tunable pulse shapes and carrier frequencies, enabling transmission of quantum information to other superconducting or atomic qubits. We show that the scheme works under realistic experimental conditions and it also provides a way for fast initialization of the superconducting qubits under 1 K instead of 20 mK operation temperature.

  4. Interface structure for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Deteresa, S.J.; Groves, S.E.

    1998-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    An interface structure is described for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors. The interface structure efficiently transmits high radial compression forces and withstands both large circumferential elongation and local stresses generated by mass-loading and hub attachments. The interface structure is comprised of high-strength fiber, such as glass and carbon, woven into an angle pattern which is about 45{degree} with respect to the rotor axis. The woven fiber is bonded by a ductile matrix material which is compatible with and adheres to the rotor material. This woven fiber is able to elongate in the circumferential direction to match the rotor growth during spinning. 2 figs.

  5. Interface structure for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Deteresa, Steven J. (Livermore, CA); Groves, Scott E. (Brentwood, CA)

    1998-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    An interface structure for hub and mass attachment in flywheel rotors. The interface structure efficiently transmits high radial compression forces and withstands both large circumferential elongation and local stresses generated by mass-loading and hub attachments. The interface structure is comprised of high-strength fiber, such as glass and carbon, woven into an angle pattern which is about 45.degree. with respect to the rotor axis. The woven fiber is bonded by a ductile matrix material which is compatible with and adheres to the rotor material. This woven fiber is able to elongate in the circumferential direction to match the rotor growth during spinning.

  6. THE PLANT SOIL INTERFACE: NICKEL BIOAVAILABILITY AND THE MECHANISMS OF PLANT HYPERACCUMULATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    THE PLANT SOIL INTERFACE: NICKEL BIOAVAILABILITY AND THE MECHANISMS OF PLANT HYPERACCUMULATION and Learning Company. #12;ii THE PLANT SOIL INTERFACE: NICKEL BIOAVAILABILITY AND THE MECHANISMS OF PLANT

  7. Tailoring for Today All About… Patern Selection - Fabric Selection - Contemporary Techniques - Fusible Interfacings - Finishing Tips.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Field, Barbara

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Applying Interfacing and Padding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Taping the Roll Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Steam Pressing... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Fusible Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Applying Interfacing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Pad Stitching Substitute...

  8. ORGANIZATIONAL, INTERFACE AND FINANCIAL BARRIERS TO THE COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITY ENERGY SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schladale, R.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ENVIRONMENT DIVISION ORGANIZATIONAL, INTERFACE AND FINANCIALENG-48 II LBL-1l188 ORGANIZATIONAL, INTERFACE AND FINANCIALScope Organization. ORGANIZATIONAL BARRIERS TO COMMUNITY

  9. Magnetism at spinel thin film interfaces probed through soft x-ray spectroscopy techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chopdekar, R.V.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnetism at spinel thin ?lm interfaces probed through softachievable in bulk form. Magnetism at the interface regionand the origin of the magnetism from multiple magnetic

  10. NWTC Controllable Grid Interface (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NREL's Controllable Grid Interface tests wind turbines off-line from the grid, verifies compliance with standards, and provides grid operators with the performance information they need for a faction of the time and cost it would take to test the turbine in the field. To understand the behavior of wind turbines during grid disturbances, manufacturers and utility grid operators need to perform a series of tests and accurate transient simulation studies. The latest edition of the IEC 61400-21 standard describes methods for such tests that include low voltage ride-through (LVRT), active power set-point control, ramp rate limitations, and reactive power capability tests. The IEC methods are being widely adopted on both national and international levels by wind turbine manufacturers, certification authorities, and utilities. Utility operators also need to estimate how much power wind turbines might be able provide to help regulate grid frequency during situations when they need additional energy quickly, and after design modifications or changes are made to control software, manufacturers may be required to retest their turbines. But testing wind turbines in the field can be a lengthy and expensive process often requiring manufacturers and utility operators to send equipment and personnel to remote locations for long periods of time. NREL's National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) has developed a new Controllable Grid Interface (CGI) test system that can significantly reduce the time and cost required to conduct these tests. The CGI is first test facility in the United States that has fault simulation capabilities and allows manufacturers and system operators to conduct the tests required for certification in a controlled laboratory environment. It is the only system in the world that is fully integrated with two dynamometers and has the capacity to extend that integration to turbines in the field and to a matrix of electronic and mechanical storage devices, all of which are located within close proximity on the same site. NREL's 7.5 MVA CGI tests wind turbines off-line from the grid, verifies compliance with standards, and provides grid operators with the performance information they need for a fraction of the time and cost it would take to test the turbine in the field. The system combines hardware and real-time control software and is designed to operate with the NWTC's 2.5-MW dynamometer as well as the center's new 5-MW dynamometer test facilities. It is designed to work with four types of wind turbines, photovoltaic systems, and energy storage inverters. Results from the dynamometer tests can also be used to fine tune and validate the dynamic models used in integration studies and help industry improve turbine performance and develop test standards for renewable technologies and energy storage.

  11. Thermostat Interface and Usability: A Survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meier, Alan; Peffer, Therese; Pritoni, Marco; Aragon, Cecilia

    2010-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This report investigates the history of thermostats to better understand the context and legacy regarding the development of this important tool, as well as thermostats' relationships to heating, cooling, and other environmental controls. We analyze the architecture, interfaces, and modes of interaction used by different types of thermostats. For over sixty years, home thermostats have translated occupants' temperature preferences into heating and cooling system operations. In this position of an intermediary, the millions of residential thermostats control almost half of household energy use, which corresponds to about 10percent of the nation's total energy use. Thermostats are currently undergoing rapid development in response to emerging technologies, new consumer and utility demands, and declining manufacturing costs. Energy-efficient homes require more careful balancing of comfort, energy consumption, and health. At the same time, new capabilities will be added to thermostats, including scheduling, control of humidity and ventilation, responsiveness to dynamic electricity prices, and the ability to join communication networks inside homes. Recent studies have found that as many as 50percent of residential programmable thermostats are in permanent"hold" status. Other evaluations found that homes with programmable thermostats consumed more energy than those relying on manual thermostats. Occupants find thermostats cryptic and baffling to operate because manufacturers often rely on obscure, and sometimes even contradictory, terms, symbols, procedures, and icons. It appears that many people are unable to fully exploit even the basic features in today's programmable thermostats, such as setting heating and cooling schedules. It is important that people can easily, reliably, and confidently operate thermostats in their homes so as to remain comfortable while minimizing energy use.

  12. Power conversion architecture for grid interface at high switching frequency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Seungbum

    This paper presents a new power conversion architecture for single-phase grid interface. The proposed architecture is suitable for realizing miniaturized ac-dc converters operating at high frequencies (HF, above 3 MHz) and ...

  13. Human-computer interface including haptically controlled interactions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, Thomas G.

    2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides a method of human-computer interfacing that provides haptic feedback to control interface interactions such as scrolling or zooming within an application. Haptic feedback in the present method allows the user more intuitive control of the interface interactions, and allows the user's visual focus to remain on the application. The method comprises providing a control domain within which the user can control interactions. For example, a haptic boundary can be provided corresponding to scrollable or scalable portions of the application domain. The user can position a cursor near such a boundary, feeling its presence haptically (reducing the requirement for visual attention for control of scrolling of the display). The user can then apply force relative to the boundary, causing the interface to scroll the domain. The rate of scrolling can be related to the magnitude of applied force, providing the user with additional intuitive, non-visual control of scrolling.

  14. Frictional Widgets: Enhancing Touch Interfaces with Programmable Friction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levesque, Vincent

    Frictional Widgets: Enhancing Touch Interfaces with Programmable Friction Abstract Touch the design possibilities offered by augmenting touchscreens with programmable surface friction. Four exemplar of touch interactions can be enhanced when using a touchscreen with dynamically varied surface friction. We

  15. Comparing Two Haptic Interfaces for Multimodal Graph Rendering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, W.; Brewster, S.A.

    Yu,W. Brewster,S.A. 10th Symposium on Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems (Haptics 2002). (Florida USA) pp 3-9 IEEE Computer Society Press

  16. Granting Java Native Interface Developers Their Wishes Martin Hirzel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grimm, Robert

    also recon- ciling productivity, safety, portability, and efficiency. This paper presents Jeannie interface. By combining the two languages' syntax and semantics, Jean- nie eliminates verbose boiler legacy libraries, and improve efficiency. For example, most Java programs execute native code, since

  17. Tangible interfaces for manipulating aggregates of digital information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullmer, Brygg Anders

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis develops new approaches for people to physically represent and interact with aggregates of digital information. These support the concept of Tangible User Interfaces (TUIs), a genre of human-computer interaction ...

  18. Mending fractured spaces : external legibility and seamlessness in interface design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zigelbaum, Jamie B

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents External Legibility: a property of user interfaces that affects the ability of non-participating observers to understand the context of a user's actions. Claims of its value are supported with arguments ...

  19. Spatial user interface : augmenting human sensibilities in a domestic kitchen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jackie Chia-Hsun

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The real world is not a computer screen. When can augmented reality and ambient interfaces improve the usability of a physical environment? This thesis presents data from design studies and experiments that demonstrate the ...

  20. Structure, Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Chemically Heterogeneous Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palafox Hernandez, Jesus Pablo

    2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    ), and a metal alloy interface (Cu-Pb). In both systems, interfacial prefreezing (crystal formation above the melting point of the fluid) was observed and this prefreezing was seen to promote heterogeneous nucleation, when the systems were cooled below...

  1. Human-computer interface incorporating personal and application domains

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, Thomas G. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2011-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides a human-computer interface. The interface includes provision of an application domain, for example corresponding to a three-dimensional application. The user is allowed to navigate and interact with the application domain. The interface also includes a personal domain, offering the user controls and interaction distinct from the application domain. The separation into two domains allows the most suitable interface methods in each: for example, three-dimensional navigation in the application domain, and two- or three-dimensional controls in the personal domain. Transitions between the application domain and the personal domain are under control of the user, and the transition method is substantially independent of the navigation in the application domain. For example, the user can fly through a three-dimensional application domain, and always move to the personal domain by moving a cursor near one extreme of the display.

  2. Brain-computer interface controlled robotic gait orthosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Do, An H; Wang, Po T; King, Christine E; Chun, Sophia N; Nenadic, Zoran

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    computer interface controlled robotic gait orthosis An H DoBCI operation. A commercial robotic gait orthosis (RoGO)based BCI system with a robotic gait orthosis (RoGO), and

  3. A goal-oriented user interface for personalized semantic search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faaborg, Alexander James

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Users have high-level goals when they browse the Web or perform searches. However, the two primary user interfaces positioned between users and the Web, Web browsers and search engines, have very little interest in users' ...

  4. SANCTUARY : asymmetric interfaces for game-based tablet learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Jason M. (Jason Matthew)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes the production of Sanctuary, a multiplayer learning game to be played on two tablet computers. Sanctuary's principle innovation is the splitting of the user interface onto two tablets, separating ...

  5. Molecular characterization and evolutionary plasticity of protein-protein interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bickerton, George Richard James

    are the percentage of interfaces having non- zero values for this interaction type. Interaction types per unit area for the overall non-redundant set. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 3.11 Interaction types per unit area for obligate homodimers. . . . . . 100 3...

  6. A Hybrid Brain-computer Interface for Intelligent Prosthetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Yu-Che

    2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past few decades, many researcher have shown that human can use brain signals to communicate with computers or machines by using brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). BCI systems can measure the brain activity and translate them into control...

  7. Human-Machine Interface in Building Automation Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sobczak, N. L.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    problem between the non-computer knowledgeable operator and the computer based Building Automation System. One of the solutions to this problem is the design and implementation of a human machine interface which educates the operator to utilize the system...

  8. Investigations of amino acid-based surfactants at liquid interfaces 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Dengliang

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Herein are presented collective studies of amino acid-based surfactants, also known as lipoamino acids, at liquid interfaces. Chapter III describes an investigation of domain morphology of N-Stearoylglutamic acid (N-SGA) ...

  9. Interface with the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1996-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The manual defines the process DOE will use to interface with the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board and its staff. Canceled by DOE M 140.1-1A. Does not cancel other directives.

  10. Interface with the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1999-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This Manual presents the process the Department of Energy will use to interface with the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) and its staff. Cancels DOE M 140.1-1.

  11. Interface with the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2001-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This Manual presents the process the Department of Energy will use to interface with the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) and its staff. Cancels DOE M 140.1-1A.

  12. An abstract-device interface for implementing portable parallel-I/O interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thakur, R.; Gropp, W.; Lusk, E. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Mathematics and Computer Science Div.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Portable parallel programming has been hampered by the lack of a single, standard, portable application-programmer`s interface (API) for parallel I/O. Instead, the programmer must choose from several different APIs, many of which are not portable. To alleviate this problem, the authors have developed an abstract-device interface for parallel I/O, called ADIO. ADIO is not intended as a new API; rather, it is a strategy for implementing other APIs in a simple, portable, and efficient manner. ADIO facilitates the implementation of any existing or new API on any existing or new file system. ADIO thus enables users to experiment with different APIs, a feature that, they think, would help in the definition of a standard API. It also makes existing applications portable across a wide range of platforms. In this paper, they introduce the concept of ADIO. They describe the design of ADIO and its use in implementing APIs. They have currently implemented subsets of the Intel PFS, IBM PIOFS, and MPI-IO APIs on both the PFS and PIOFS file systems. As a result, they are able to run IBM PIOFS applications on the Intel Paragon, Intel PFS applications on the IBM SP, and MPI-IO applications on both systems. They report performance results obtained from two test programs and one real production application on the SP and Paragon. These results indicate that the performance overhead of using ADIO as an implementation strategy is negligible.

  13. RoboCon: Operator interface for robotic applications. Final report: RoboCon electrical interfacing -- system architecture, and Interfacing NDDS and LabView

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schempf, H.

    1998-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The first appendix contains detailed specifications of the electrical interfacing employed in Robocon. This includes all electrical signals and power requirement descriptions up to and including the interface entry points for external robots and systems. The reader is first presented with an overview of the overall Robocon electrical system, followed by sub-sections describing each module in detail. The appendices contain listings of power requirements and the electrical connectors and cables used, followed by an overall electrical system diagram. Custom electronics employed are also described. The Network Data Delivery Service (NDDS) is a real-time dissemination communications architecture which allows nodes on a network to publish data and subscribe to data published by other nodes while remaining anonymous. The second appendix explains how to facilitate a seamless interface between NDDS and LabView and provides sample source code used to implement an NDDS consumer which writes a string to a socket.

  14. An Experiment to Tame the Plasma Material Interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goldston, R J; Menard, J E; Allain, J P; Brooks, J N; Canik, J M; Doerner, R; Fu, G; Gates, D A; Gentile, C A; Harris, J H; Hassanein, A; Gorelenkov, N N; Kaita, R; Kaye, S M; Kotschenreuther, M; Kramer, G J; Kugel, H W; Maingi, R; Mahajan, S M; Majeski, R; Neumeyer, C L; Nygren, R E; Ono, M; Owen, L W; Ramakrishnan, S; Rognlien, T D; Ruzic, D N; Ryutov, D D; Sabbagh, S A; Skinner, C H; Soukhanovskii, V A; Stevenson, T N; Ulrickson, M A; Valanju, P M; Woolley, R D

    2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The plasma material interface in Demo will be more challenging than that in ITER, due to requirements for approximately four times higher heat flux from the plasma and approximately five times higher average duty factor. The scientific and technological solutions employed in ITER may not extrapolate to Demo. The key questions to be resolved for Demo and the resulting key requirements for an experiment to 'tame the plasma material interface' are analyzed. A possible design point for such an experiment is outlined.

  15. Interfacing BIM with Building Thermal and Daylighting Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, Wei; Clayton, Mark; Haberl, Jeff; WoonSeong, Jeong; Bun Kim, Jong; Sandeep, Kota; Bermudez, Jose; Dixit, Manish

    INTERFACING BIM WITH BUILDING THERMAL AND DAYLIGHTING MODELING Wei Yan, Mark Clayton, Jeff Haberl, WoonSeong Jeong, Jong Bum Kim, Sandeep Kota, Jose Luis Bermudez Alcocer, and Manish Dixit Texas A&M University, College Station, USA... the BIM authoring tools’ Application Programming Interface (API) to translate BIM into Object-Oriented Physical Models (in Modelica) for building thermal simulation, and input files of ray-tracing software (Radiance) for daylighting simulation. Based...

  16. Thermal contact conductance of a paper handsheet/metal interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Kin Hung

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THERMAL CONTACT CONDUCTANCE OF A PAPER HANDSHEET/ METAL INTERFACE A Thesis by KIN HUNG NG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies oi Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1990 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering THERMAL CONTACT CONDUCTANCE OF A PAPER HANDSHEET/ METAL INTERFACE A Thesis by KIN HUNG NG Approved as to style and content by: J. Seyed- Yagoobi (Chair of Committee) L. S. Fletcher ( Member ) J...

  17. Data acquisition command interface using VAX/VMS DCL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poore, R.V.; Barrus, D.M.; Cort, G.; Goldstone, J.A.; Miller, L.B.; Nelson, R.O.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The user interface to a data acquisition system is being developed at the Los Alamos Weapons Neutron Research Facility using the VAX/VMS command language interface DCL. Commands are being implemented which provide for system initialization and control functions and FASTBUS diagnostics. The data acquisition system incorporates the concept of a data acquisition ''state'' (running, halted, etc.) where a certain subset of input commands is allowed.

  18. Critical Ising interfaces in multiply-connected domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konstantin Izyurov

    2015-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove a general result on convergence of interfaces in the critical planar Ising model to conformally invariant curves absolutely continuous with respect to SLE(3). Our setup includes multiple interfaces on arbitrary finitely connected domains, and we also treat the radial SLE case. In the case of simply and doubly connected domains, the limiting processes are described explicitly in terms of rational and elliptic functions, respectively.

  19. Sheathless interface for coupling capillary electrophoresis with mass spectrometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Chenchen; Tang, Keqi; Smith, Richard D.

    2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A sheathless interface for coupling capillary electrophoresis (CE) with mass spectrometry is disclosed. The sheathless interface includes a separation capillary for performing CE separation and an emitter capillary for electrospray ionization. A portion of the emitter capillary is porous or, alternatively, is coated to form an electrically conductive surface. A section of the emitter capillary is disposed within the separation capillary, forming a joint. A metal tube, containing a conductive liquid, encloses the joint.

  20. Molecular Design of Branched and Binary Molecules at Ordered Interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirsten Larson Genson

    2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examined five different branched molecular architectures to discern the effect of design on the ability of molecules to form ordered structures at interfaces. Photochromic monodendrons formed kinked packing structures at the air-water interface due to the cross-sectional area mismatch created by varying number of alkyl tails and the hydrophilic polar head group. The lower generations formed orthorhombic unit cell with long range ordering despite the alkyl tails tilted to a large degree. Favorable interactions between liquid crystalline terminal groups and the underlying substrate were observed to compel a flexible carbosilane dendrimer core to form a compressed elliptical conformation which packed stagger within lamellae domains with limited short range ordering. A twelve arm binary star polymer was observed to form two dimensional micelles at the air-water interface attributed to the higher polystyrene block composition. Linear rod-coil molecules formed a multitude of packing structures at the air-water interface due to the varying composition. Tree-like rod-coil molecules demonstrated the ability to form one-dimensional structures at the air-water interface and at the air-solvent interface caused by the preferential ordering of the rigid rod cores. The role of molecular architecture and composition was examined and the influence chemically competing fragments was shown to exert on the packing structure. The amphiphilic balance of the different molecular series exhibited control on the ordering behavior at the air-water interface and within bulk structures. The shell nature and tail type was determined to dictate the preferential ordering structure and molecular reorganization at interfaces with the core nature effect secondary.

  1. Prepared by: Octavio Avila, Director -Student Special Services/STU B1/Los Angeles, CA 90089/Phone: 213.740.4334/E -mail: oavila@usc.edu/website: dornsife.usc.edu/careerpathways Networking opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohs, Remo

    connect SC LinkedIn ­ You can search by alumni, career, and even major to find people with similar 90089/Phone: 213.740.4334/E -mail: oavila@usc.edu/website: dornsife.usc.edu/careerpathways Networking

  2. Tensile Fracture of Welded Polymer Interfaces: Miscibility, Entanglements and Crazing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ting Ge; Gary S. Grest; Mark O. Robbins

    2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Large-scale molecular simulations are performed to investigate tensile failure of polymer interfaces as a function of welding time $t$. Changes in the tensile stress, mode of failure and interfacial fracture energy $G_I$ are correlated to changes in the interfacial entanglements as determined from Primitive Path Analysis. Bulk polymers fail through craze formation, followed by craze breakdown through chain scission. At small $t$ welded interfaces are not strong enough to support craze formation and fail at small strains through chain pullout at the interface. Once chains have formed an average of about one entanglement across the interface, a stable craze is formed throughout the sample. The failure stress of the craze rises with welding time and the mode of craze breakdown changes from chain pullout to chain scission as the interface approaches bulk strength. The interfacial fracture energy $G_I$ is calculated by coupling the simulation results to a continuum fracture mechanics model. As in experiment, $G_I$ increases as $t^{1/2}$ before saturating at the average bulk fracture energy $G_b$. As in previous simulations of shear strength, saturation coincides with the recovery of the bulk entanglement density. Before saturation, $G_I$ is proportional to the areal density of interfacial entanglements. Immiscibiltiy limits interdiffusion and thus suppresses entanglements at the interface. Even small degrees of immisciblity reduce interfacial entanglements enough that failure occurs by chain pullout and $G_I \\ll G_b$.

  3. Hindered mobility of a particle near a soft interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Bickel

    2006-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The translational motion of a solid sphere near a deformable fluid interface is studied in the low Reynolds number regime. In this problem, the fluid flow driven by the sphere is dynamically coupled the instantaneous conformation of the interface. Using a two-dimensional Fourier transform technique, we are able to account for the multiple backflows scattered from the interface. The mobility tensor is then obtained from the matrix elements of the relevant Green function. This analysis allows us to express the explicit position and frequency dependence of the mobility. We recover in the steady limit the result for a sphere near a perfectly flat interface. At intermediate time scales, the mobility exhibits an imaginary part, which is a signature of the elastic response of the interface. In the short time limit, we find the intriguing feature that the perpendicular mobility may, under some circumstances, become lower than the bulk value. All those results can be explained from the definition of the relaxation time of the soft interface.

  4. Films of bacteria at interfaces: three stages of behaviour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liana Vaccari; Daniel Allan; Nima Sharifi-Mood; Aayush Singh; Robert Leheny; Kathleen Stebe

    2015-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Bacterial attachment to a fluid interface can lead to the formation of a film with physicochemical properties that evolve with time. We study the time evolution of interface (micro)mechanics for interfaces between oil and bacterial suspensions by following the motion of colloidal probes trapped by capillarity to determine the interface microrheology. Initially, active bacteria at and near the interface drive superdiffusive motion of the colloidal probes. Over timescales of minutes, the bacteria form a viscoelastic film which we discuss as a quasi-two-dimensional, active, glassy system. To study late stage mechanics of the film, we use pendant drop elastometry. The films, grown over tens of hours on oil drops, are expanded and compressed by changing the drop volume. For small strains, by modeling the films as 2D Hookean solids, we estimate the film elastic moduli, finding values similar to those reported in the literature for the bacteria themselves. For large strains, the films are highly hysteretic. Finally, from wrinkles formed on highly compressed drops, we estimate film bending energies. The dramatic restructuring of the interface by such robust films has broad implications, e.g. in the study of active colloids, in understanding the community dynamics of bacteria, and in applied settings including bioremediation.

  5. Novel Fluctuations at a Constrained Liquid-Solid Interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abhishek Chaudhuri; Debasish Chaudhuri; Surajit Sengupta

    2007-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the interface between a solid trapped within a bath of liquid by a suitably shaped non-uniform external potential. Such a potential may be constructed using lasers, external electric or magnetic fields or a surface template. We study a two dimensional case where a thin strip of solid, created in this way, is surrounded on either side by a bath of liquid with which it can easily exchange particles. Since height fluctuations of the interface cost energy, this interface is constrained to remain flat at all length scales. However, when such a solid is stressed by altering the depth of the potential; beyond a certain limit, it responds by relieving stress by novel interfacial fluctuations which involve addition or deletion of entire lattice layers of the crystal. This ``layering'' transition is a generic feature of the system regardless of the details of the interaction potential. We show how such interfacial fluctuations influence mass, momentum and energy transport across the interface. Tiny momentum impulses produce weak shock waves which travel through the interface and cause the spallation of crystal layers into the liquid. Kinetic and energetic constraints prevent spallation of partial layers from the crystal, a fact which may be of some practical use. We also study heat transport through the liquid-solid interface and obtain the resistances in liquid, solid and interfacial regions (Kapitza resistance) as the solid undergoes such layering transitions. Heat conduction, which shows strong signatures of the structural transformations, can be understood using a free volume calculation.

  6. Interfaces and Plastic Deformation in Materials: From Theory to Engineering (3 Credits)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zheng

    Interfaces and Plastic Deformation in Materials: From Theory to Engineering (3 Credits) Instructor in their plastic deformation. The interface structures and defects will be described at different scales. Interfaces and high temperature plasticity 11. Triple junctions: from free to constrained interfaces 12

  7. Thermal Performance and Reliability of Bonded Interfaces for Power Electronics Packaging Applications (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Devoto, D.

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation discusses the thermal performance and reliability of bonded interfaces for power electronics packaging applications.

  8. Research Associates in Multiscale Physics Project title: Creating macroscale effective interfaces encapsulating microstructural physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pavliotis, Grigorios

    website http://www.imperial.ac.uk/employment (please select "Job Search" then enter the job title,300 per annum) Fixed Term for: 36 Months Starting Date: 01 October 2012 Applications are invited for two

  9. Wetting and strength issues at Al/alpha-alumina interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saiz, Eduardo; Tomsia, Antoni P.; Suganuma, Katsuaki

    2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The wetting behavior and strength at aluminum/alumina interfaces has been an active subject of research. Al/alumina applications include ceramic-metal composites and several applications for electronic industries. In this paper the interface strength and microstructure of Al/alpha-alumina was investigated. We discovered that in a solid-state joining, the strength of the joint increases with increasing joining temperature. In a liquid-state joining, the strength of the joint gradually decreases due to the formation of unbonded areas. The strength, sigma sub b, is expressed by the following equation as a function of unbonded area, A: sigma sub b = 2.22 A + 143 (70 percent {le} A {le} 100 percent). The highest strength reached 400 MPa when the interface was formed at around the melting temperature of aluminum. An aluminum layer close to the interface became a single crystal when it was bonded to a sapphire. The following crystallographic orientation relationship is established: (1{bar 1}1){sub Al}//(001){sub {alpha}}-Al{sub 2} O{sub 3}, (110){sub Al}//<100>{sub {alpha}}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. Amorphous alumina islands were formed at the interface. In the amorphous alumina, gamma-alumina nanocrystals grew from the sapphire, with the same orientation relationship to sapphire as above.

  10. High-performance parallel interface to synchronous optical network gateway

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    St. John, Wallace B. (Los Alamos, NM); DuBois, David H. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A system of sending and receiving gateways interconnects high speed data interfaces, e.g., HIPPI interfaces, through fiber optic links, e.g., a SONET network. An electronic stripe distributor distributes bytes of data from a first interface at the sending gateway onto parallel fiber optics of the fiber optic link to form transmitted data. An electronic stripe collector receives the transmitted data on the parallel fiber optics and reforms the data into a format effective for input to a second interface at the receiving gateway. Preferably, an error correcting syndrome is constructed at the sending gateway and sent with a data frame so that transmission errors can be detected and corrected in a real-time basis. Since the high speed data interface operates faster than any of the fiber optic links the transmission rate must be adapted to match the available number of fiber optic links so the sending and receiving gateways monitor the availability of fiber links and adjust the data throughput accordingly. In another aspect, the receiving gateway must have sufficient available buffer capacity to accept an incoming data frame. A credit-based flow control system provides for continuously updating the sending gateway on the available buffer capacity at the receiving gateway.

  11. High-performance parallel interface to synchronous optical network gateway

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    St. John, W.B.; DuBois, D.H.

    1996-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed is a system of sending and receiving gateways interconnects high speed data interfaces, e.g., HIPPI interfaces, through fiber optic links, e.g., a SONET network. An electronic stripe distributor distributes bytes of data from a first interface at the sending gateway onto parallel fiber optics of the fiber optic link to form transmitted data. An electronic stripe collector receives the transmitted data on the parallel fiber optics and reforms the data into a format effective for input to a second interface at the receiving gateway. Preferably, an error correcting syndrome is constructed at the sending gateway and sent with a data frame so that transmission errors can be detected and corrected in a real-time basis. Since the high speed data interface operates faster than any of the fiber optic links the transmission rate must be adapted to match the available number of fiber optic links so the sending and receiving gateways monitor the availability of fiber links and adjust the data throughput accordingly. In another aspect, the receiving gateway must have sufficient available buffer capacity to accept an incoming data frame. A credit-based flow control system provides for continuously updating the sending gateway on the available buffer capacity at the receiving gateway. 7 figs.

  12. Alternate VHTR/HTE INterface for mitigating tritum.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vilim, R.; Nuclear Engineering Division

    2009-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    High temperature creep in structures at the interface between the nuclear plant and the hydrogen plant and the migration of tritium from the core through structures in the interface are two key challenges for the Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) coupled to the High Temperature Electrolysis (HTE) process. The severity of these challenges, however, can be reduced by lowering the temperature at which the interface operates. Preferably this should be accomplished in a way that does not reduce combined plant efficiency and other performance measures. A means for doing so is described in this report. A heat pump is used to raise the temperature of near-waste heat from the PCU to the temperature at which nine-tenths of the HTE process heat is needed. In addition to mitigating tritium transport and creep of structures, structural material commodity costs are reduced and plant efficiency is increased by a couple of percent.

  13. Nanoparticles at liquid interfaces: Rotational dynamics and angular locking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Razavi, Sepideh; Kretzschmar, Ilona [Department of Chemical Engineering, City College of City University of New York, New York, New York 10031 (United States)] [Department of Chemical Engineering, City College of City University of New York, New York, New York 10031 (United States); Koplik, Joel [Department of Physics and The Benjamin Levich Institute for Physico-chemical Hydrodynamics, City College of City University of New York, New York, New York 10031 (United States)] [Department of Physics and The Benjamin Levich Institute for Physico-chemical Hydrodynamics, City College of City University of New York, New York, New York 10031 (United States); Colosqui, Carlos E., E-mail: carlos.colosqui@stonybrook.edu [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (United States)

    2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanoparticles with different surface morphologies that straddle the interface between two immiscible liquids are studied via molecular dynamics simulations. The methodology employed allows us to compute the interfacial free energy at different angular orientations of the nanoparticle. Due to their atomistic nature, the studied nanoparticles present both microscale and macroscale geometrical features and cannot be accurately modeled as a perfectly smooth body (e.g., spheres and cylinders). Under certain physical conditions, microscale features can produce free energy barriers that are much larger than the thermal energy of the surrounding media. The presence of these energy barriers can effectively “lock” the particle at specific angular orientations with respect to the liquid-liquid interface. This work provides new insights on the rotational dynamics of Brownian particles at liquid interfaces and suggests possible strategies to exploit the effects of microscale features with given geometric characteristics.

  14. Molecular-scale measurements of electric fields at electrochemical interfaces.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hayden, Carl C.; Farrow, Roger L.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spatially resolved measurements of electric fields at electrochemical interfaces would be a critical step toward further understanding and modeling the detailed structure of electric double layers. The goal of this project was to perform proof-of-principle experiments to demonstrate the use of field-sensitive dyes for optical measurements of fields in electrochemical systems. A confocal microscope was developed that provides sensitive detection of the lifetime and high resolution spectra of excited fluorescence for dyes tethered to electrically conductive surfaces. Excited state lifetimes for the dyes were measured and found to be relatively unquenched when linked to indium tin oxide, but strongly quenched on gold surfaces. However, our fluorescence detection is sufficiently sensitive to measure spectra of submonolayer dye coatings even when the fluorescence was strongly quenched. Further work to create dye labeled interfaces on flat, uniform and durable substrates is necessary to make electric field measurements at interfaces using field sensitive dyes.

  15. Improved user interface design for site selection modeling system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koffman, L.D. [Westinghouse Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Site Selection Modeling System (SSMS) is a customized application within the Environmental Data Atlas (EDA), which is an integrated geographic information system (GIS) for environmental applications at the Savannah River site (SRS) developed jointly by the Environmental Sciences Section (ESS) of Westinghouse Savannah River Company and by the University of South Carolina (USC). The SSMS was developed to assist analysts with site selection activities carried out by the ESS and is a powerful tool with a graphical user interface that allows non-GIS analysts to use the application. However, use of the SSMS in recent siting exercises revealed deficiencies in the user interface as a production tool. This paper specifies user interface design criteria necessary for a production application and describes the implementation of these design criteria in the SSMS.

  16. Advanced human-system interface design review guidelines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Hara, J.M.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advanced, computer-based, human-system interface designs are emerging in nuclear power plant (NPP) control rooms. These developments may have significant implications for plant safety in that they will greatly affect the ways in which operators interact with systems. At present, however, the only guidance available to the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for the review of control room-operator interfaces, NUREG-0700, was written prior to these technological changes and is thus not designed to address them. The objective of the project reported in this paper is to develop an Advanced Control Room Design Review Guideline for use in performing human factors reviews of advanced operator interfaces. This guideline will be implemented, in part, as a portable, computer-based, interactive document for field use. The paper describes the overall guideline development methodology, the present status of the document, and the plans for further guideline testing and development. 21 refs., 3 figs.

  17. High Performance Computing - Power Application Programming Interface Specification.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laros, James H.,; Kelly, Suzanne M.; Pedretti, Kevin; Grant, Ryan; Olivier, Stephen Lecler; Levenhagen, Michael J.; DeBonis, David

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Measuring and controlling the power and energy consumption of high performance computing systems by various components in the software stack is an active research area [13, 3, 5, 10, 4, 21, 19, 16, 7, 17, 20, 18, 11, 1, 6, 14, 12]. Implementations in lower level software layers are beginning to emerge in some production systems, which is very welcome. To be most effective, a portable interface to measurement and control features would significantly facilitate participation by all levels of the software stack. We present a proposal for a standard power Application Programming Interface (API) that endeavors to cover the entire software space, from generic hardware interfaces to the input from the computer facility manager.

  18. Mold Heating and Cooling Pump Package Operator Interface Controls Upgrade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Josh A. Salmond

    2009-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The modernization of the Mold Heating and Cooling Pump Package Operator Interface (MHC PP OI) consisted of upgrading the antiquated single board computer with a proprietary operating system to off-the-shelf hardware and off-the-shelf software with customizable software options. The pump package is the machine interface between a central heating and cooling system that pumps heat transfer fluid through an injection or compression mold base on a local plastic molding machine. The operator interface provides the intelligent means of controlling this pumping process. Strict temperature control of a mold allows the production of high quality parts with tight tolerances and low residual stresses. The products fabricated are used on multiple programs.

  19. Critical interfaces and duality in the Ashkin-Teller model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Picco, Marco [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique et Hautes Energies, CNRS, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, UMR 7589, 4 Place Jussieu, F-75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Santachiara, Raoul [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique et Modeles Statistiques, CNRS, Batiment 100, Universite Paris-Sud, UMR 8626, F-91405 Orsay (France)

    2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the numerical measures on different spin interfaces and Fortuin-Kasteleyn (FK) cluster boundaries in the Askhin-Teller (AT) model. For a general point on the AT critical line, we find that the fractal dimension of a generic spin cluster interface can take one of four different possible values. In particular we found spin interfaces whose fractal dimension is d{sub f}=3/2 all along the critical line. Furthermore, the fractal dimension of the boundaries of FK clusters was found to satisfy all along the AT critical line a duality relation with the fractal dimension of their outer boundaries. This result provides clear numerical evidence that such duality, which is well known in the case of the O(n) model, exists in an extended conformal field theory.

  20. Science at the interface : grain boundaries in nanocrystalline metals.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez, Mark Andrew; Follstaedt, David Martin; Knapp, James Arthur; Brewer, Luke N.; Holm, Elizabeth Ann; Foiles, Stephen Martin; Hattar, Khalid M.; Clark, Blythe B.; Olmsted, David L.; Medlin, Douglas L.

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interfaces are a critical determinant of the full range of materials properties, especially at the nanoscale. Computational and experimental methods developed a comprehensive understanding of nanograin evolution based on a fundamental understanding of internal interfaces in nanocrystalline nickel. It has recently been shown that nanocrystals with a bi-modal grain-size distribution possess a unique combination of high-strength, ductility and wear-resistance. We performed a combined experimental and theoretical investigation of the structure and motion of internal interfaces in nanograined metal and the resulting grain evolution. The properties of grain boundaries are computed for an unprecedented range of boundaries. The presence of roughening transitions in grain boundaries is explored and related to dramatic changes in boundary mobility. Experimental observations show that abnormal grain growth in nanograined materials is unlike conventional scale material in both the level of defects and the formation of unfavored phases. Molecular dynamics simulations address the origins of some of these phenomena.

  1. Characterization of nitrided silicon-silicon dioxide interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polignano, M.L.; Alessandri, M.; Brazzelli, D. [and others

    2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A newly-developed technique for the simultaneous characterization of the oxide-silicon interface properties and of bulk impurities was used for a systematic study of the nitridation process of thin oxides. This technique is based upon surface recombination velocity measurements, and does not require the formation of a capacitor structure, so it is very suitable for the characterization of as-grown interfaces. Oxides grown both in dry and in wet environments were considered, and nitridation processes in N{sub 2}O and in NO were compared to N{sub 2} annealing processes. The effect of nitridation temperature and duration were also studied, and RTO/RTN processes were compared to conventional furnace nitridation processes. Surface recombination velocity was correlated with nitrogen concentration at the oxide-silicon interface obtained by Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (SIMS) measurements. Surface recombination velocity (hence surface state density) decreases with increasing nitrogen pile-up at the oxide-silicon interface, indicating that in nitrided interfaces surface state density is limited by nitridation. NO treatments are much more effective than N{sub 2}O treatments in the formation of nitrogen-rich interface layer and, as a consequence, in surface state reduction. Surface state density was measured in fully processed wafers before and after constant current stress. After a complete device process surface states are annealed out by hydrogen passivation, however they are reactivated by the electrical stress, and surface state results after stress were compared with data of surface recombination velocity in as-processed wafers.

  2. Interface design of VSOP'94 computer code for safety analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Natsir, Khairina, E-mail: yenny@batan.go.id; Andiwijayakusuma, D.; Wahanani, Nursinta Adi [Center for Development of Nuclear Informatics - National Nuclear Energy Agency, PUSPIPTEK, Serpong, Tangerang, Banten (Indonesia); Yazid, Putranto Ilham [Center for Nuclear Technology, Material and Radiometry- National Nuclear Energy Agency, Jl. Tamansari No.71, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Today, most software applications, also in the nuclear field, come with a graphical user interface. VSOP'94 (Very Superior Old Program), was designed to simplify the process of performing reactor simulation. VSOP is a integrated code system to simulate the life history of a nuclear reactor that is devoted in education and research. One advantage of VSOP program is its ability to calculate the neutron spectrum estimation, fuel cycle, 2-D diffusion, resonance integral, estimation of reactors fuel costs, and integrated thermal hydraulics. VSOP also can be used to comparative studies and simulation of reactor safety. However, existing VSOP is a conventional program, which was developed using Fortran 65 and have several problems in using it, for example, it is only operated on Dec Alpha mainframe platforms and provide text-based output, difficult to use, especially in data preparation and interpretation of results. We develop a GUI-VSOP, which is an interface program to facilitate the preparation of data, run the VSOP code and read the results in a more user friendly way and useable on the Personal 'Computer (PC). Modifications include the development of interfaces on preprocessing, processing and postprocessing. GUI-based interface for preprocessing aims to provide a convenience way in preparing data. Processing interface is intended to provide convenience in configuring input files and libraries and do compiling VSOP code. Postprocessing interface designed to visualized the VSOP output in table and graphic forms. GUI-VSOP expected to be useful to simplify and speed up the process and analysis of safety aspects.

  3. Fiber optics interface for a dye laser oscillator and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johnson, Steve A. (Tracy, CA); Seppala, Lynn G. (Pleasanton, CA)

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A dye laser oscillator in which one light beam is used to pump a continuous tream of dye within a cooperating dye chamber for producing a second, different beam is generally disclosed herein along with a specific arrangement including an optical fiber and a fiber optics interface for directing the pumping beam into the dye chamber. The specific fiber optics interface illustrated includes three cooperating lenses which together image one particular dimension of the pumping beam into the dye chamber from the output end of the optical fiber in order to insure that the dye chamber is properly illuminated by the pumping beam.

  4. Electron-Vibron Coupling at Metal-Organic Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenow, Phil; Tonner, Ralf

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the significance and characteristics of interfacial dynamical charge transfer at metal-organic interfaces for the model system of organic semiconductor NTCDA on Ag(111). We combine infrared absorption spectroscopy and dispersion-corrected density functional theory calculations to analyze dynamic dipole moments and electron-vibron coupling at the interface. We demonstrate that interfacial dynamical charge transfer is the dominant cause of infrared activity in these systems and that it correlates with results from partial charge and density of states analysis. Nuclear motion generates an additional dynamic dipole moment but represents a minor effect except for modes with significant out-of-plane amplitudes.

  5. Pulsed particle beam vacuum-to-air interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cruz, G.E.; Edwards, W.F.

    1987-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A vacuum-to-air interface is provided for a high-powered, pulsed particle beam accelerator. The interface comprises a pneumatic high speed gate valve, from which extends a vacuum-tight duct, that terminates in an aperture. Means are provided for periodically advancing a foil strip across the aperture at the repetition rate of the particle pulses. A pneumatically operated hollow sealing band urges foil strip, when stationary, against and into the aperture. Gas pressure means periodically lift off and separate foil strip from aperture, so that it may be readily advanced. 5 figs.

  6. Fiber optics interface for a dye laser oscillator and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johnson, S.A.; Seppala, L.G.

    1984-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A dye laser oscillator in which one light beam is used to pump a continuous stream of dye within a cooperating dye chamber for producing a second, different beam is generally disclosed herein along with a specific arrangement including an optical fiber and a fiber optics interface for directing the pumping beam into the dye chamber. The specific fiber optics interface illustrated includes three cooperating lenses which together image one particular dimension of the pumping beam into the dye chamber from the output end of the optical fiber in order to insure that the dye chamber is properly illuminated by the pumping beam.

  7. Structure of gas-liquid interface and hydrophobic interface for urea aqueous solution: a computer simulation study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Meng

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    . Sci. U. S. A. 2006, 103, 18417- 18420 (57) Courtenay, E. S.; Capp, M. W.; Record, M. T. Protein Sci. 2001, 10, 2485-2497. (58) Soper, A. K.; Bruni, F.; Ricci, M. A. J. Chem. Phys. 1997, 106, 247. 34 VITA Name: Meng Yu Address... STRUCTURE OF GAS-LIQUID INTERFACE AND HYDROPHOBIC INTERFACE FOR UREA AQUEOUS SOLUTION SYSTEMS: A COMPUTER SIMULATION STUDY A Thesis by MENG YU Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial...

  8. Energy Efficiency of Handheld Computer Interfaces: Limits, Characterization and Practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhong, Lin

    Energy Efficiency of Handheld Computer Interfaces: Limits, Characterization and Practice Lin Zhong,jha}@princeton.edu Abstract Energy efficiency has become a critical issue for battery-driven computers. Significant work has energy re- quirements and overheads imposed by known human sensory/speed limits. We then characterize

  9. Chemistry Biology Interface (CBI) Journal Club BICH 689-607

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindahl, Paul A.

    : Student-led Discussions Learning outcomes: To learn about research at the chemistry:biology interface will be divided into three sessions, each focused on a different topic. Session leaders will present a seminar during the first week of the session. This will be followed by 3-4 weeks of student-led discussions

  10. Infrared modulation spectroscopy of interfaces in amorphous silicon solar cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schiff, Eric A.

    Infrared modulation spectroscopy of interfaces in amorphous silicon solar cells Kai Zhu a,1 , E Solar, Toano, VA 23168, USA Abstract We report infrared depletion modulation spectra for near an infrared modulation spectroscopy technique that probes the optical spectra of dopants and defects

  11. A Prototype Robot Speech Interface with Multimodal Feedback Mathias Haage+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nugues, Pierre

    of industrial robot arms. The aim of the prototype is to develop a speech system for designing robot trajectories that would fit well with current CAD paradigms. 1 Introduction Industrial robot programming developed for studying multimodal user interfaces in the context of industrial robot programming [5

  12. DATA MINING AT THE INTERFACE OF COMPUTER SCIENCE AND STATISTICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smyth, Padhraic

    Chapter 1 DATA MINING AT THE INTERFACE OF COMPUTER SCIENCE AND STATISTICS \\Lambda Padhraic Smyth a better understanding of the role of statistical thinking in modern data mining. Data mining has at the application of a variety of techniques from both computer science and statistics. The chapter discusses how

  13. DATA MINING AT THE INTERFACE OF COMPUTER SCIENCE AND STATISTICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smyth, Padhraic

    Chapter 1 DATA MINING AT THE INTERFACE OF COMPUTER SCIENCE AND STATISTICS Padhraic Smyth a better understanding of the role of statistical thinking in modern data mining. Data mining has at the application of a variety of techniques from both computer science and statistics. The chapter discusses how

  14. Digital Libraries, Conceptual Knowledge Systems, and the Nebula Interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, Robert E

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Concept Analysis provides a principled approach to effective management of wide area information systems, such as the Nebula File System and Interface. This not only offers evidence to support the assertion that a digital library is a bounded collection of incommensurate information sources in a logical space, but also sheds light on techniques for collaboration through coordinated access to the shared organization of knowledge.

  15. SANDBOX: A VIRTUAL REALITY INTERFACE TO SCIENTIFIC DATABASES ANDREW JOHNSON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Andrew

    SANDBOX: A VIRTUAL REALITY INTERFACE TO SCIENTIFIC DATABASES by ANDREW JOHNSON DISSERTATION: Adviser Date #12; c COPYRIGHT BY ANDREW JOHNSON 1994 All Rights Reserved #12;Dedication I dedicate; Narendra Goel, John Norman, and Don Strebel for their insight into the FIFE database; and Larry Cathey

  16. Summer Research: Interfacing a sensor mote for a structural health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petta, Jason

    Summer Research: Interfacing a sensor mote for a structural health monitoring application Godohaldo Monitoring (taken from www.photo.net) Structural Health Monitoring (taken from en.wikipedia.org) Environmental Monitoring (taken from www.dailywordpowerbook.com) #12;Structural health monitoring Monitor

  17. Corner singularities of Maxwell interface and eddy current problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Costabel, Martin

    Corner singularities of Maxwell interface and eddy current problems Martin Costabel, Monique Dauge permittivity/conductivity tends to zero (the eddy current limit). Corner singularities of the Maxwell transmission problem and also of the eddy current model have been described elsewhere [6, 7]. Here we

  18. active microfluidics interface: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    microfluidics interface First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Microfluidic CiteSeer Summary:...

  19. Spectroscopic Studies of Atmospheric Relevant Air-Aqueous Interfaces DISSERTATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spectroscopic Studies of Atmospheric Relevant Air-Aqueous Interfaces DISSERTATION Presented The Ohio State University 2010 Dissertation Committee: Heather C. Allen, Advisor Anne Carey Harold Walker in this dissertation as proxies of organic coated aerosols. Since a number of organic compounds are emitted

  20. Towards a smart sensor interface for wearable cough monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Odam, Kofi

    Towards a smart sensor interface for wearable cough monitoring Kofi Odame and Dingkun Du Thayer in a wearable cough monitoring device. In particular, the paper considers the issues of privacy, power is validated with simulation and measurement results. I. INTRODUCTION A cough is the most common condition

  1. T-547: Microsoft Windows Human Interface Device (HID) Vulnerability

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Microsoft Windows does not properly warn the user before enabling additional Human Interface Device (HID) functionality over USB, which allows user-assisted attackers to execute arbitrary programs via crafted USB data, as demonstrated by keyboard and mouse data sent by malware on a Smartphone that the user connected to the computer.

  2. Arsenate Adsorption Mechanisms at the Allophane-Water Interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    Arsenate Adsorption Mechanisms at the Allophane-Water Interface Y U J I A R A I , * , , D . L aluminosilicate mineral (synthetic allophane) surfaces using batch adsorption experiments, powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The adsorption isotherm experiments indicated

  3. Adsorption of Natural Organic Matter to Air-Water Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lenhart, John J.

    Adsorption of Natural Organic Matter to Air-Water Interfaces during Transport through Unsaturated. A mathematical model incorporating irreversible, second-order rate laws to simulate adsorption at air theories for SHA adsorption. Introduction Natural organic matter (NOM) consists of a mixture

  4. Adsorption and grafting on colloidal interfaces studied by scattering techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Adsorption and grafting on colloidal interfaces studied by scattering techniques - REVISED) [0] 4 67 14 46 37 12th of October 2006 Abstract The adsorption of polymer and surfactant molecules to be a powerful tool to obtain a detailed description of the layer structure. Adsorption of chemically more

  5. All Optical Interface for Parallel, Remote, and Spatiotemporal Control of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trauner, Dirk

    All Optical Interface for Parallel, Remote, and Spatiotemporal Control of Neuronal Activity Sheng and detection of activity in a large number of neurons. Here, we report an all-optical system for achieving optical stimuli through a digital micromirror spatiotemporal light modulator to cells expressing the light

  6. Safety-Oriented Design of Component Assemblies using Safety Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for upgrades at a later stage of the system life cycle. Thus, support for rigorous, compositional analysis from-based development. Keywords: Component-based system development, safety, component assemblies, safety interfaces as a promising approach for developing complex software systems by composing smaller indepen- dently developed

  7. A Spatially Augmented Reality Sketching Interface for Architectural Daylighting Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varela, Carlos

    1 A Spatially Augmented Reality Sketching Interface for Architectural Daylighting Design Yu Sheng to architectural daylight modeling that allows designers to explore alternative designs and new technologies are then projected on the real model by four calibrated projectors to help users study the daylighting illumination

  8. Figure 2 Analysis Tool Interface Level-1 / PBBT Analysis Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Figure 2 ­ Analysis Tool Interface Level-1 / PBBT Analysis Tool Introduction The Level-1/PBBT Analysis Tool (LPAT) was designed to assist in the analysis of North American Standard Level-1 Inspection. The data incorporated into the tool includes the results of Level-1 inspections with accompanying PBBT test

  9. Optical Tweezers in Colloid and Interface Science David G. Grier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grier, David

    Optical Tweezers in Colloid and Interface Science David G. Grier The James Franck Institute with radiation pressure, otherwise known as optical trapping, has emerged as a powerful experimental tool of a particular trapping technique known colloquially as ``optical tweezers.'' Even though the theory of optical

  10. Wireless Network Interface Energy Conservation for Bottlenecked First Mile Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandra, Surendar

    user using the limited upstream capacity of the home broad- band link. We analyze the behavior of two- posed by this behavior on a client side energy saving mechanism. We also describe techniques that allowWireless Network Interface Energy Conservation for Bottlenecked First Mile Networks Surendar

  11. Interface between Engineering and Market Operations in Restructured Electricity Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Interface between Engineering and Market Operations in Restructured Electricity Systems Hung and elaborate some basic implications of engineering practices for designs of wholesale markets. This analysis is intended to provide a basis for enhancements to existing principles of engineering management. Wholesale

  12. A Pedagogical Interface for Authoring Adaptive e-Learning Courses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, W. H. Nynson

    to support adaptive e-learning course authoring for different types of students. They require teachers with its learning style type. When delivering a course, predefined rules and conditions are appliedA Pedagogical Interface for Authoring Adaptive e-Learning Courses Christopher Watson1 Frederick W

  13. PLOT2K: a graphics interface to System 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Creel, L.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PLOT2K is an interactive graphics interface to the System 2000 data base management system. It runs on a CDC 6600 computer with an NOS or NOS/BE operating system. The graphics package used is DISSPLA. PLOT2K will generate bar chart histograms, pie charts, or x-y point plots and will access any System 2000 data base.

  14. On the interface instability during rapid evaporation in microgravity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Juric, D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Theoretical Div.

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The rapid evaporation of a superheated liquid (vapor explosion) under microgravity conditions is studied by direct numerical simulation. The time-dependent Navier-Stokes and energy equations coupled to the interface dynamics are solved using a two-dimensional finite-difference/front-tracking method. Large interface deformations, topology change, latent heat, surface tension and unequal material properties between the liquid and vapor phases are included in the simulations. A comparison of numerical results to the exact solution of a one-dimensional test problem shows excellent agreement. For the two-dimensional rapid evaporation problem, the vapor volume growth rate and unstable interface dynamics are studied for increasing levels of initial liquid superheat. As the superheat is increased the liquid-vapor interface experiences increasingly unstable energetic growth. These results indicate that heat transfer plays a very important role in the instability mechanism leading to vapor explosions. It is suggested that the Mullins-Sekerka instability could play a role in the instability initiation mechanism.

  15. Materials and interfaces for catalysis, separation, storage, and environmental applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    Materials and interfaces for catalysis, separation, storage, and environmental applications collaborative effort in cutting-edge fundamental and applied research to discover and develop polymeric' problems such as inexpensive CO2 capture, energy-efficient and high-performance catalysis and separations

  16. Warping to Enhance 3D User Interfaces Bruce H. Thomas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bruce

    animation to the interface itself--to enhance or augment the effectiveness of human interaction applied to an object, and the animation effects may augment visual cues for constraints. For virtual Cartoon animation techniques have previously been used to enhance the illusion of direct manipulation in 2

  17. A Hardware Interface for Hashing Algorithms December 17, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    implementation in C, built on top of a standard programmer's inter- face (API). This greatly improves such as eBASH2 relies on a standard API to automate the performance evalu- ation process. Besides standard with a standard interface (similar to an API), hardware designers prefer to make comparisons that largely ignore

  18. INTERFACE PROGRAM between VAX or microVAX and SSP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - SNOOPY - INTERFACE PROGRAM between VAX or microVAX and SSP TRIUMF VERSION Original SLAC version have been writing code for the SSP in IBM Fortran, IBM Assembly language or SLAC VAX Cross Assembly (VAX or microVAX) and provides a means of testing and debugging SSP code. 1.1 HISTORY OF TRIUMF VERSION

  19. Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries Its Past, Present, and Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Börner, Katy

    Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries ­ Its Past, Present, and Future Katy Börner School libraries is an integral part to the advances of digital libraries. A wide range of approaches have been in digital libraries). Generally, information visualization examines semantic relationships intrinsic

  20. CELL CLINICS FOR BLOELECTRONIC INTERFACE WITH SINGLE CELLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    CELL CLINICS FOR BLOELECTRONIC INTERFACE WITH SINGLE CELLS P. Abshiret, J.-M Lauensteid Y.L i d E for capture and characterization of large numbers of individual cells. Each of these "cell clinics" consists microactuators linking rigid plates to the substrate. These clinics are fabricated on integrated circuit

  1. Photo-Thermoelectric Effect at a Graphene Interface Junction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McEuen, Paul L.

    Photo-Thermoelectric Effect at a Graphene Interface Junction Xiaodong Xu, Nathaniel M. Gabor increase at the cryogenic temperature as compared to room temperature. Assuming the thermoelectric power predictions. KEYWORDS Graphene, photocurrent, photo-thermoelectric effect D evices that convert photons

  2. Losses in superconducting Niobium Films caused by Interface Tunnel Exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Junginger, Tobias; Welsch, Carsten

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Identifying the loss mechanisms of niobium film cavities enables an accurate determination of applications for future accelerator projects and points to research topics required to mitigate their limitations. Measurements on samples show that the electric field is a dominant loss mechanism for niobium films, acting through interface tunneling between localized states in surface oxides and delocalized states in the superconducting niobium.

  3. Atomic and Electronic Structure of Polar Oxide Interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gajdardziska-Josifovska, Marija [University of Wisconsin Milwaukee] [University of Wisconsin Milwaukee

    2014-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In this project we developed fundamental understanding of atomic and electronic mechanisms for stabilization of polar oxide interfaces. An integrated experimental and theoretical methodology was used to develop knowledge on this important new class of ionic materials with limited dimensionality, with implications for multiple branches of the basic and applied energy sciences.

  4. Physical Media Independence: System Support for Dynamically Available Network Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walpole, Jonathan

    (PMI) is the concept of making assumptions about a particular device explicit, detecting events which PMI. Based on device availability, the model iden- ti es implicit device-related assumptions made the Interface Man- agement Module (IMM), that supports PMI in the FreeBSD operating system. The bene ts

  5. Process monitoring interface for studying the metamorphism in a design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bayrak, C. [Benedict College, Columbia, SC (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The efforts to improve the system design methodology, which provides the designer with the ability to exercise the prototype at a high abstraction level and to delay the implementation level activity as far into the development activity as possible, have led us to study the process monitoring issue. Particularly we are interested in the three fundamental issues in process monitoring: the abstract sphere of the design, the practical sphere of the user interface, and the gap between these two spheres. Therefore, an integrated graphical user interface architecture, called Process Monitoring Interface (PMI), is introduced not only for the gap between the abstract spheres and practical affairs of building appropriate user-integrated interface but also for supervising the hierarchical human design notion of the abstract design exercised with more efficiency at the highest possible levels of the development. In using PMI, the user/developer can monitor evolution of highly abstract building blocks that are created at the very beginning of the design process and later be refined into different levels of the design, representing different levels of abstractions of a system.

  6. Direct Imaging of Soft-Hard Interfaces Enabled by Graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frenklach, Michael

    Direct Imaging of Soft-Hard Interfaces Enabled by Graphene Zonghoon Lee,*, Ki-Joon Jeon,*, Albert. We show that graphene, a single atomic layer of sp2 -bonded carbon atoms, can be employed capability. Our findings reveal the unique potential of graphene as an ideal support film for atomic

  7. An Interactive Interface for Directing Virtual Gael Sannier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    1015 Lausanne, Switzerland Abstract. Research on Virtual Humans spans from body animation to speech important issues: - Fully integrated virtual humans with facial and body animation, and speech. - A straightforward user interface for designers and directors. VHD system provides a range of virtual human animation

  8. Heat transfer in proteinwater interfaces Anders Lervik,ab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kjelstrup, Signe

    Heat transfer in protein­water interfaces Anders Lervik,ab Fernando Bresme,*ac Signe Kjelstrup of the heat diffusion equation we compute the thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity of the proteins by about 4 nm.4 It is expected that the energy transfer between these sites may involve the concerted

  9. An empirical investigation of AutoCAD user interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flores, Patricia Laura

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Mean poductivity rate with respect to interface. 23 mean = 7. 49 std. dev. 2 02 7. 0 6. 0 5. 0 4. 0 3. 0 2. 0 mean = 4. 50 std, dev. = 1. 28 mean = 5. 54 std. dev. ? 1. 23 1. 0 0. 0 Drawing ensioning DisplaYing Figure 9. Mean...

  10. IMAGING INTERACTION INNOVATIVE INTERFACES Four Eyes Laboratory 2013 Open House

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    FOUR EYES IMAGING INTERACTION INNOVATIVE INTERFACES Four Eyes Laboratory 2013 Open House Thursday being passive opaque monoliths of bytes to active transparent data structures with automatic management. The hackers posted a fake tweet about an attack on the white house in which president Obama was injured

  11. A Generic Grid Interface for Parallel and Adaptive Scientific Computing.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kornhuber, Ralf

    A Generic Grid Interface for Parallel and Adaptive Scientific Computing. Part I: Abstract Framework definition of a grid for al- gorithms solving partial differential equations. Unlike previous ap- proaches [2, 3], our grids have a hierarchical structure. This makes them suitable for geometric multigrid

  12. Natural Language Interfaces for Data Warehouses Nicolas Kuchmann-Beauger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , a new class of search systems, such as Wolfram|Alpha 1 , became popular: question answering systems interfaces in commercial BI tools allow users to combine dimensions and measures to build queries. New device access to mobile devices bring new challenges. In particular, recent success of speech

  13. AN INNOVATIVE TECHNIQUE FOR THIN FILM INTERFACE TOUGHNESS RESEARCH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, J.J.

    2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A material configuration of central importance in microelectronics, optoelectronics, and thermal barrier coating technology is a thin or thick film of one material deposited onto a substrate of a different material. Fabrication of such a structure inevitably gives rise to stress in the film due to lattice mismatch, differing coefficients of thermal expansion, chemical reactions, or other physical effects. Therefore, in general, the weakest link in this composite system often resides at the interface between the film and substrate. In order to make multi-layered electronic devices and structural composites with long-term reliability, the fracture behavior of the material interfaces must be known. Unfortunately, none of the state-of-the-art testing methods for evaluating interface fracture toughness is fully conformed to fracture mechanics theory, as is evident from the severe scatter in the existing data and the procedure dependence in film/coating evaluation methods. This project is intended to address the problems associated with this deficiency and offers an innovative testing procedure for the determination of interface fracture toughness applicable to coating materials in general. This new approach and the associated bi-material fracture mechanics development proposed for evaluating interface fracture toughness are described herein. The effort includes development of specimen configuration and related instrumentation set-up, testing procedures, postmortem examination, and analytical evaluation. A spiral notch torsion fracture toughness test system was utilized. The objective of the testing procedure described is to enable the development of new coating materials by providing a reliable method for use in assessing their performance. This innovative technology for measuring interface toughness was demonstrated for oxide scales formed on high-temperature alloys of MA956. The estimated energy release rate (in terms of J-integral) at the interface of the alumina scale and MA956 substrate is 3.7 N-m/m{sup 2}, and the estimated equivalent Mode I fracture toughness is 1.1 MPa {radical}m. This innovative technique is expected to greatly assist the development of coating materials with improved protective capabilities and provide a reliable method for use in assessing material performance.

  14. Developing A Laser Shockwave Model For Characterizing Diffusion Bonded Interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James A. Smith; Jeffrey M. Lacy; Barry H. Rabin

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    12. Other advances in QNDE and related topics: Preferred Session Laser-ultrasonics Developing A Laser Shockwave Model For Characterizing Diffusion Bonded Interfaces 41st Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation Conference QNDE Conference July 20-25, 2014 Boise Centre 850 West Front Street Boise, Idaho 83702 James A. Smith, Jeffrey M. Lacy, Barry H. Rabin, Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID ABSTRACT: The US National Nuclear Security Agency has a Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) which is assigned with reducing the worldwide use of high-enriched uranium (HEU). A salient component of that initiative is the conversion of research reactors from HEU to low enriched uranium (LEU) fuels. An innovative fuel is being developed to replace HEU. The new LEU fuel is based on a monolithic fuel made from a U-Mo alloy foil encapsulated in Al-6061 cladding. In order to complete the fuel qualification process, the laser shock technique is being developed to characterize the clad-clad and fuel-clad interface strengths in fresh and irradiated fuel plates. The Laser Shockwave Technique (LST) is being investigated to characterize interface strength in fuel plates. LST is a non-contact method that uses lasers for the generation and detection of large amplitude acoustic waves to characterize interfaces in nuclear fuel plates. However the deposition of laser energy into the containment layer on specimen’s surface is intractably complex. The shock wave energy is inferred from the velocity on the backside and the depth of the impression left on the surface from the high pressure plasma pulse created by the shock laser. To help quantify the stresses and strengths at the interface, a finite element model is being developed and validated by comparing numerical and experimental results for back face velocities and front face depressions with experimental results. This paper will report on initial efforts to develop a finite element model for laser shock.

  15. Healing of polymer interfaces: Interfacial dynamics, entanglements, and strength

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ting Ge; Mark O. Robbins; Dvora Perahia; Gary S. Grest

    2014-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Self-healing of polymer films often takes place as the molecules diffuse across a damaged region, above their melting temperature. Using molecular dynamics simulations we probe the healing of polymer films and compare the results with those for thermal welding of homopolymer slabs. The two processes differ in their interfacial structure since damage leads to increased polydispersity and more short chains. A polymer sample was cut into two separate films that were then held together in the melt state. The recovery of the damaged film was followed as time elapsed and polymer molecules diffused across the interface. The mass uptake and formation of entanglements, as obtained from primitive path analysis, are extracted and correlated with the interfacial strength obtained from shear simulations. We find that the interdiffusion is significantly faster in the damaged film compared to welding because of the presence of short chains. Though interfacial entanglements increase more rapidly for the damaged films, a large fraction of them are near chain ends. As a result, the interfacial strength of the healing film increases more slowly than for welding. For both healing and welding, the interfacial strength saturates as the bulk entanglement density is recovered across the interface. However, the saturation strength of the damaged film is below the bulk strength for the polymer sample. At saturation, cut chains remain near the healing interface. They are less entangled and thus mechanically weaken the interface. When the interfacial strength saturates, the number of interfacial entanglements scales with the corresponding bulk entanglement density. Chain stiffness increases the density of entanglements, which increases the interfacial strength. Our results show that a few entanglements across the interface are sufficient to resist interfacial chain pullout and enhance the mechanical strength.

  16. Conductive porous scaffolds as potential neural interface materials.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hedberg-Dirk, Elizabeth L.; Cicotte, Kirsten N.; Buerger, Stephen P.; Reece, Gregory; Dirk, Shawn M.; Lin, Patrick P.

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Our overall intent is to develop improved prosthetic devices with the use of nerve interfaces through which transected nerves may grow, such that small groups of nerve fibers come into close contact with electrode sites, each of which is connected to electronics external to the interface. These interfaces must be physically structured to allow nerve fibers to grow through them, either by being porous or by including specific channels for the axons. They must be mechanically compatible with nerves such that they promote growth and do not harm the nervous system, and biocompatible to promote nerve fiber growth and to allow close integration with biological tissue. They must exhibit selective and structured conductivity to allow the connection of electrode sites with external circuitry, and electrical properties must be tuned to enable the transmission of neural signals. Finally, the interfaces must be capable of being physically connected to external circuitry, e.g. through attached wires. We have utilized electrospinning as a tool to create conductive, porous networks of non-woven biocompatible fibers in order to meet the materials requirements for the neural interface. The biocompatible fibers were based on the known biocompatible material poly(dimethyl siloxane) (PDMS) as well as a newer biomaterial developed in our laboratories, poly(butylene fumarate) (PBF). Both of the polymers cannot be electrospun using conventional electrospinning techniques due to their low glass transition temperatures, so in situ crosslinking methodologies were developed to facilitate micro- and nano-fiber formation during electrospinning. The conductivity of the electrospun fiber mats was controlled by controlling the loading with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs). Fabrication, electrical and materials characterization will be discussed along with initial in vivo experimental results.

  17. Structure of gas-liquid interface and hydrophobic interface for urea aqueous solution: a computer simulation study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Meng

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    near the interfacial areas are analyzed in terms of density, orientation and number of hydrogen bonds. For each kind of interface, systems with four different urea concentrations are included, ranging from 0M to 8M. The results show slight change...

  18. Structure and Dynamics of Forsterite-scCO2/H2O Interfaces as...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Forsterite-scCO2H2O Interfaces as a Function of Water Content. Structure and Dynamics of Forsterite-scCO2H2O Interfaces as a Function of Water Content. Abstract: Molecular...

  19. Control and ultrasonic actuation of a gas-liquid interface in a microfluidic chip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jie Xu; Daniel Attinger

    2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This article describes the design and manufacturing of a microfluidic chip, allowing for the actuation of a gas-liquid interface and of the neighboring fluid. A first way to control the interface motion is to apply a pressure difference across it. In this case, the efficiency of three different micro-geometries at anchoring the interface is compared. Also, the critical pressures needed to move the interface are measured and compared to theoretical result. A second way to control the interface motion is by ultrasonic excitation. When the excitation is weak, the interface exhibits traveling waves, which follow a dispersion equation. At stronger ultrasonic levels, standing waves appear on the interface, with frequencies that are half integer multiple of the excitation frequency. An associated microstreaming flow field observed in the vicinity of the interface is characterized. The meniscus and associated streaming flow have the potential to transport particles and mix reagents.

  20. Advanced Power Electronic Interfaces for Distributed Energy Systems Part 1: Systems and Topologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kramer, W.; Chakraborty, S.; Kroposki, B.; Thomas, H.

    2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes power electronic interfaces for DE applications and the topologies needed for advanced power electronic interfaces. It focuses on photovoltaic, wind, microturbine, fuel cell, internal combustion engine, battery storage, and flywheel storage systems.

  1. COMPETITIVE GEOMETRIC EVOLUTION OF AMPHIPHILIC INTERFACES SHIBIN DAI AND KEITH PROMISLOW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dai, Shibin

    . Geometric evolution, functionalized Cahn-Hilliard energy, amphiphilic interface, network formation 1 interfaces and pore structures which interpenetrate the bulk regions of the solvent phase. The amphiphilic volume. In energy conversion materials, such as polymer electrolyte membranes, hydrophilic head groups

  2. jamSheets: Thin Interfaces with Tunable Stiffness Enabled by Layer Jamming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ou, Jifei

    This works introduces layer jamming as an enabling technology for designing deformable, stiffness-tunable, thin sheet interfaces. Interfaces that exhibit tunable stiffness properties can yield dynamic haptic feedback and ...

  3. Investigation of Interfaces Under Mechanical and Thermal Loading Using a Cohesive Zone Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ozsoy, Ovul Ozgu

    2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    ) and failures often initiate at material interfaces. Interactions between different material phases, as well as crack initiation and propagation, make fracture and damage processes very difficult to analyze. The interfaces between dissimilar layers...

  4. A study of alternative drive control interfaces for next-generation electric vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Post, C. Christopher (Charles Christopher)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The drive control interface in automobiles has not significantly changed for almost a century. Recent advances in electric vehicles and drive-by-wire technology allow for new alternative interfaces that enable novel vehicle ...

  5. Thermal properties of graphene and multilayer graphene: Applications in thermal interface materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thermal properties of graphene and multilayer graphene: Applications in thermal interface materials Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering Program, Bourns College of Engineering, University 2012 Accepted by L. Bery Available online 25 April 2012 Keywords: A. Graphene A. Thermal interface

  6. Magnetism of NiMn2O4-Fe3O4 spinel interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson-Cheeseman, B. B.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnetism of NiMn 2 O 4 –Fe 3 O 4 spinel interfaces B. B.2. Element-specific magnetism of Fe 3 O 4 /NMO interface inin these structures, 6 the magnetism near the isostructural

  7. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 326 (2008) 143150 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flury, Markus

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 326 (2008) 143­150 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Journal of Colloid and Interface Science www.elsevier.com/locate/jcis Detachment of colloids from a solid

  8. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 328 (2008) 299307 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flury, Markus

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 328 (2008) 299­307 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Journal of Colloid and Interface Science www.elsevier.com/locate/jcis Comparison of different methods

  9. Composition and Interface Analysis of InGaN/GaN Multiquantum...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Composition and Interface Analysis of InGaNGaN Multiquantum-Wells on GaN Substrates Using Atom Probe Tomography. Composition and Interface Analysis of InGaNGaN Multiquantum-Wells...

  10. The crystal–liquid interface of a body?centered?cubic?forming substance: Computer simulations of the r ? 6 potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laird, Brian Bostian; Haymet, A. D. J.

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The interfaces between a bcc crystal and its melt are studied by molecular dynamics simulation. Three distinct crystal/melt interfaces, (100), (111), and (110) are studied. For all interfaces the variation with z, the coordinate perpendicular...

  11. Interface control document between PUREX Plant Transition and Solid Waste Disposal Division

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlson, A.B.

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The interfacing responsibilities regarding solid waste management are described for the Solid Waste Disposal Division and the PUREX Transition Organization.

  12. Toward Experiential Utility Elicitation for Interface Customization Department of Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boutilier, Craig

    techniques for interface customiza- tion. While elicitation may not be used directly (i.e., on- line) during

  13. Performance and Reliability of Bonded Interfaces for High-Temperature Packaging (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Devoto, D.

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation reviews the status of the performance and reliability of bonded interfaces for high-temperature packaging.

  14. Interface control document between the Tank Waste Remediation System and the Solid Waste Disposal Division

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duncan, D.R.

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document discusses the interface between the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) and the Solid Waste Division (SWD).

  15. Chemical dynamics and bonding at gas/semiconductor and oxide/semiconductor interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bishop, Sarah R.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    applied to alternative semiconductor materials to determinephase oxides and semiconductor surfaces. Both experimentalunderstanding of the oxide/semiconductor interface. The

  16. d.note: Revising User Interfaces Through Change Tracking, Annotations, and Alternatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheriton, David R.

    , revision, annotation. ACM Classification Keywords H.5.2. [Information Interfaces]: User Interfacesd.note: Revising User Interfaces Through Change Tracking, Annotations, and Alternatives Björn typically revise user interface prototypes by adding unstructured notes to storyboards and screen printouts

  17. Abstract User Interfaces: A Model and Notation to Support Plasticity in Interactive Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordy, James R.

    Abstract User Interfaces: A Model and Notation to Support Plasticity in Interactive Systems Kevin A introduces the Abstract User Interface (AUI) model and notation for specifying abstract interaction in interactive soft- ware systems with graphical, direct manipulation user interfaces. The AUI model is aimed

  18. Understanding Deep Web Search Interfaces: A Survey Ritu Khare Yuan An Il-Yeol Song

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Il-Yeol

    Understanding Deep Web Search Interfaces: A Survey Ritu Khare Yuan An Il-Yeol Song The i presents a survey on the major approaches to search interface understanding. The Deep Web consists of data of Deep Web. Automatic access to these data requires an automatic understanding of search interfaces

  19. Molecular Structure and Ordering of Phospholipids at a Liquid-Liquid Interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richmond, Geraldine L.

    stretching region of several different phosphocholines adsorbed to the D2O- carbon tetrachloride interface the molecular structure of phosphocholine monolayers adsorbed to the interface between D2O and carbon tetrachloride. Monolayers form from breakup at the interface of aqueous phase phosphocholine vesicles

  20. The Design of a Parallel Graphics Interface Homan Igehy Gordon Stoll Pat Hanrahan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    The Design of a Parallel Graphics Interface Homan Igehy Gordon Stoll Pat Hanrahan Computer Science- performance graphics accelerator at full speed with a serial imme- diate-mode graphics interface. To resolve this problem, retained- mode constructs have been integrated into graphics interfaces. While retained

  1. Performance and Reliability of Interface Materials for Automotive Power Electronics (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narumanchi, S.; DeVoto, D.; Mihalic, M.; Paret, P.

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermal management and reliability are important because excessive temperature can degrade the performance, life, and reliability of power electronics and electric motors. Advanced thermal management technologies enable keeping temperature within limits; higher power densities; and lower cost materials, configurations and systems. Thermal interface materials, bonded interface materials and the reliability of bonded interfaces are discussed in this presentation.

  2. The Unique Molecular Behavior of Water at the ChloroformWater Interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richmond, Geraldine L.

    The properties that make the chloroform­water interface effective and important in extraction also makeThe Unique Molecular Behavior of Water at the Chloroform­Water Interface CATHRYN L. MCFEARIN, Oregon 97403 The molecular bonding and orientation of water at the chloroform­water interface has been

  3. Development and validation of a cross-section interface for PARCS Mathias Stlek, Christophe Demazire *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demazière, Christophe

    Development and validation of a cross-section interface for PARCS Mathias Stålek, Christophe with the development of a cross-section interface for PARCS and its validation. The inter- face is used to feed PARCS file and the SIMULATE-3 code is then used to read this library file. This interface allows a dependency

  4. Mechanical characterization and comparison of different NiTi/silicone rubber interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Mechanical characterization and comparison of different NiTi/silicone rubber interfaces T. Rey(1 on the mechanical resistance of interface between wires of NiTi shape memory alloy and silicone rubber. Three of exposure to the plasma alone get the debonding force higher. Consequently, NiTi/silicone rubber interface

  5. GETTING STARTED WITH UNIX The Unix Shell: Working With A Command Line Interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudowsky, Ira

    GETTING STARTED WITH UNIX ROADMAP: · The Unix Shell: Working With A Command Line Interface · Standard Output · Command-Line Arguments · Redirecting Standard Output To A File · Displaying Files;THE UNIX SHELL: WORKING WITH A COMMAND-LINE-INTERFACE The Unix shell is a COMMAND-LINE-INTERFACE (CLI

  6. Monte Carlo simulation methodology of the ghost interface theory for the planar surface tension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Attard, Phil

    Monte Carlo simulation methodology of the ghost interface theory for the planar surface tension October 2003 A novel ``ghost interface'' expression for the surface tension of a planar liquid coexisting phases. Results generated from the ghost interface theory for the surface tension are presented

  7. Structures and charging of alpha-alumina (0001)/water interfaces studies by sum-frequency vibrational spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, L.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    air interface with SSP, PPP, SPS polarization combinations.interfaces with SSP, PPP, SPS polarization combinations atrespectively), SPS and PPP, from the - Al 2 O 3 (0001)/air

  8. Critical behavior in a non-local interface model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matteo Beccaria; Massimo Campostrini; Alessandra Feo

    2005-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The Raise and Peel model is a recently proposed one-dimensional statistical model describing a fluctuating interface. The evolution of the model follows from the competition between adsorption and desorption processes. The model is non-local due to the possible occurrence of avalanches. At a special ratio of the adsorption-desorption rates the model is integrable and many rigorous results are known. Off the critical point, the phase diagram and scaling properties are not known. In this paper, we search for indications of phase transition studying the gap in the spectrum of the non-hermitian generator of the stochastic interface evolution. We present results for the gap obtained from exact diagonalization and from Monte Carlo estimates derived from temporal correlations of various observables.

  9. Role of interfaces in deformation and fracture of ordered intermetallics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoo, M.H.; Fu, C.L.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    While sub- and grain-boundaries are the primary dislocation sources in Ll{sub 2} alloys, yield and flow stresses are strongly influenced by the multiplication and exhaustion of mobile dislocations from the secondary sources. The concept of enhanced microplasticity at grain boundaries due to chemical disordering is well supported by theoretical modeling, but no conclusive direct evidence exist for Ni{sub 3}Al bicrystals. The strong plastic anisotropy reported in TiAl PST (polysynthetically twinned) crystals is attributed in part to localized slip along lamellar interfaces, thus lowering the yield stress for soft orientations. Calculations of work of adhesion suggest that, intrinsically, interfacial cracking is more likely to initiate on {gamma}/{gamma}-type interfaces than on the {alpha}{sub 2}/{gamma} boundary. 70 refs, 5 tabs, 5 figs.

  10. Shunt attachment and method for interfacing current collection systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Denney, P.E.; Iyer, N.C.; Hannan, W.F. III.

    1992-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A composite brush to shunt attachment wherein a volatile component of a composite but mostly metallic brush, used for current collection purposes, does not upon welding or brazing, adversely affect the formation of the interfacial bond with a conductive shunt which carries the current from the zone of the brush. The brush to shunt attachment for a brush material of copper-graphite composite and a shunt of copper, or substituting silver for copper as an alternative, is made through a hot isostatic pressing (HIP). The HIP process includes applying high pressure and temperature simultaneously at the brush to shunt interface, after it has been isolated or canned in a metal casing in which the air adjacent to the interface has been evacuated and the interfacial area has been sealed before the application of pressure and temperature. 6 figs.

  11. Shunt attachment and method for interfacing current collection systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Denney, Paul E. (State College, PA); Iyer, Natraj C. (Columbia, SC); Hannan, III, William F. (Monroeville Boro, PA)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A composite brush to shunt attachment wherein a volatile component of a composite but mostly metallic brush, used for current collection purposes, does not upon welding or brazing, adversely affect the formation of the interfacial bond with a conductive shunt which carries the current from the zone of the brush. The brush to shunt attachment for a brush material of copper-graphite composite and a shunt of copper, or substituting silver for copper as an alternative, is made through a hot isostatic pressing (HIP). The HIP process includes applying high pressure and temperature simultaneously at the brush to shunt interface, after it has been isolated or canned in a metal casing in which the air adjacent to the interface has been evacuated and the interfacial area has been sealed before the application of pressure and temperature.

  12. The Portals 4.0 network programming interface.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barrett, Brian W.; Brightwell, Ronald Brian; Pedretti, Kevin Thomas Tauke; Wheeler, Kyle Bruce; Hemmert, Karl Scott; Riesen, Rolf E. [IBM; Underwood, Keith Douglas [Intel Corporation, Albuquerque, NM; Maccabe, Arthur Bernard [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN; Hudson, Trammell B. [OS Research, Brooklyn, NY

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a specification for the Portals 4.0 network programming interface. Portals 4.0 is intended to allow scalable, high-performance network communication between nodes of a parallel computing system. Portals 4.0 is well suited to massively parallel processing and embedded systems. Portals 4.0 represents an adaption of the data movement layer developed for massively parallel processing platforms, such as the 4500-node Intel TeraFLOPS machine. Sandia's Cplant cluster project motivated the development of Version 3.0, which was later extended to Version 3.3 as part of the Cray Red Storm machine and XT line. Version 4.0 is targeted to the next generation of machines employing advanced network interface architectures that support enhanced offload capabilities.

  13. The portals 4.0.1 network programming interface.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barrett, Brian W.; Brightwell, Ronald Brian; Pedretti, Kevin Thomas Tauke; Wheeler, Kyle Bruce; Hemmert, Karl Scott; Riesen, Rolf E. [IBM; Underwood, Keith Douglas [Intel Corporation, Albuquerque, NM; Maccabe, Arthur Bernard [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN; Hudson, Trammell B. [OS Research, Brooklyn, NY

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a specification for the Portals 4.0 network programming interface. Portals 4.0 is intended to allow scalable, high-performance network communication between nodes of a parallel computing system. Portals 4.0 is well suited to massively parallel processing and embedded systems. Portals 4.0 represents an adaption of the data movement layer developed for massively parallel processing platforms, such as the 4500-node Intel TeraFLOPS machine. Sandia's Cplant cluster project motivated the development of Version 3.0, which was later extended to Version 3.3 as part of the Cray Red Storm machine and XT line. Version 4.0 is targeted to the next generation of machines employing advanced network interface architectures that support enhanced offload capabilities. 3

  14. Band gap engineering at a semiconductor - crystalline oxide interface

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Moghadam, Jahangir-Moghadam; Shen, Xuan; Chrysler, Matthew; Ahmadi-Majlan, Kamyar; Su, Dong; Ngai, Joseph H.

    2015-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The epitaxial growth of crystalline oxides on semiconductors provides a pathway to introduce new functionalities to semiconductor devices. Key to integrating the functionalities of oxides onto semiconductors is controlling the band alignment at interfaces between the two materials. Here we apply principles of band gap engineering traditionally used at heterojunctions between conventional semiconductors to control the band offset between a single crystalline oxide and a semiconductor. Reactive molecular beam epitaxy is used to realize atomically abrupt and structurally coherent interfaces between SrZrxTi1-xO? and Ge, in which the band gap of the former is enhanced with Zr content x. We presentmore »structural and electrical characterization of SrZrxTi1-xO?-Ge heterojunctions and demonstrate a type-I band offset can be achieved. These results demonstrate that band gap engineering can be exploited to realize functional semiconductor crystalline oxide heterojunctions.« less

  15. Boundary and Interface CFTs from the Conformal Bootstrap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gliozzi, F; Meineri, M; Rago, A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore some consequences of the crossing symmetry for defect conformal field theories, focusing on codimension one defects like flat boundaries or interfaces. We study surface transitions of the 3d Ising and other O(N) models through numerical solutions to the crossing equations with the method of determinants. In the extraordinary transition, where the low-lying spectrum of the surface operators is known, we use the bootstrap equations to obtain information on the bulk spectrum of the theory. In the ordinary transition the knowledge of the low-lying bulk spectrum allows to calculate the scale dimension of the relevant surface operator, which compares well with known results of two-loop calculations in 3d. Estimates of various OPE coefficients are also obtained. We also analyze in 4-epsilon dimensions the renormalization group interface between the O(N) model and the free theory and check numerically the results in 3d.

  16. Boundary and Interface CFTs from the Conformal Bootstrap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Gliozzi; P. Liendo; M. Meineri; A. Rago

    2015-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore some consequences of the crossing symmetry for defect conformal field theories, focusing on codimension one defects like flat boundaries or interfaces. We study surface transitions of the 3d Ising and other O(N) models through numerical solutions to the crossing equations with the method of determinants. In the extraordinary transition, where the low-lying spectrum of the surface operators is known, we use the bootstrap equations to obtain information on the bulk spectrum of the theory. In the ordinary transition the knowledge of the low-lying bulk spectrum allows to calculate the scale dimension of the relevant surface operator, which compares well with known results of two-loop calculations in 3d. Estimates of various OPE coefficients are also obtained. We also analyze in 4-epsilon dimensions the renormalization group interface between the O(N) model and the free theory and check numerically the results in 3d.

  17. Laser-sheet imaging of HE-driven interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benjamin, R.F.; Rightley, P.M.; Kinkead, S.; Martin, R.A.; Critchfield, R.; Sandoval, D.L.; Holmes, R.; Gorman, T.

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The authors made substantial progress in developing the MILSI (Multiple Imaging of Laser-Sheet Illumination) technique for high explosive (HE)-driven fluid interfaces. They observed the instability, but have not yet measured the instability growth rate. They developed suitable sample containers and optical systems for studying the Rightmyer-Meshkov instability of perturbed water/bromoform interfaces and they successfully fielded the new MILSI diagnostic at two firing-site facilities. The problem continues to be of central importance to the inertial confinement fusion (ICF) and weapons physics communities.

  18. Nanoemulsions obtained via bubble bursting at a compound interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Jie; Vigolo, Daniele; Arnaudov, Luben N; Stoyanov, Simeon D; Gurkov, Theodor D; Tsutsumanova, Gichka G; Stone, Howard A

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The bursting of bubbles at an air/liquid interface is a familiar occurrence important to foam stability, cell cultures in bioreactors and mass transfer between the sea and atmosphere. Here we document the hitherto unreported formation and dispersal into the water column of submicrometre oil droplets following bubble bursting at a compound air/oil/water-with-surfactant interface. We show that dispersal results from the detachment of an oil spray from the bottom of the bubble towards water during bubble collapse. We provide evidence that droplet size is selected by physicochemical interactions between oil molecules and the surfactants rather than by hydrodynamic effects. We illustrate the unrecognized role that this dispersal mechanism may play in the fate of the sea surface micro-layer and of pollutant spills by dispersing petroleum in the water column. Finally, our system provides an energy-efficient route, with potential upscalability and wide applicability, for applications in drug delivery, food production...

  19. Pulsed particle beam vacuum-to-air interface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cruz, Gilbert E. (Pleasanton, CA); Edwards, William F. (Livermore, CA)

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A vacuum-to-air interface (10) is provided for a high-powered, pulsed particle beam accelerator. The interface comprises a pneumatic high speed gate valve (18), from which extends a vacuum-tight duct (26), that termintes in an aperture (28). Means (32, 34, 36, 38, 40, 42, 44, 46, 48) are provided for periodically advancing a foil strip (30) across the aperture (28) at the repetition rate of the particle pulses. A pneumatically operated hollow sealing band (62) urges foil strip (30), when stationary, against and into the aperture (28). Gas pressure means (68, 70) periodically lift off and separate foil strip (30) from aperture (28), so that it may be readily advanced.

  20. Graphical user interface for image acquisition and processing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goldberg, Kenneth A. (Berkeley, CA)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An event-driven GUI-based image acquisition interface for the IDL programming environment designed for CCD camera control and image acquisition directly into the IDL environment where image manipulation and data analysis can be performed, and a toolbox of real-time analysis applications. Running the image acquisition hardware directly from IDL removes the necessity of first saving images in one program and then importing the data into IDL for analysis in a second step. Bringing the data directly into IDL creates an opportunity for the implementation of IDL image processing and display functions in real-time. program allows control over the available charge coupled device (CCD) detector parameters, data acquisition, file saving and loading, and image manipulation and processing, all from within IDL. The program is built using IDL's widget libraries to control the on-screen display and user interface.